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1

Poverty in Albania: A Qualitative Assessment. World Bank Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This World Bank qualitative assessment of poverty in Albania outlines five objectives: (1) it seeks to develop the understanding of poverty in the country by involving poor Albanians in a process of exploring the causes, nature, extent of poverty and its effects; (2) it is intended to support the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (GPRS),…

De Soto, Hermine; Gordon, Peter; Gedeshi, Ilir; Sinoimeri, Zamira

2

World Bank Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank group consists of IBRD (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development); IDA (International Development Agency); IFC (International Finance Corporation); MIGA (Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency); and ICSID (International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes). Visitors to the site will find information on the goals and activities of these agencies. Press releases, project reports and speeches by World Bank officials are also available at the site. The highlight of the site is the publications section which contains various online versions of World Bank periodicals such as World Bank News, Environment Matters, Finance & Development (discussed in the March 21, 1997 Scout Report) and Private Sector Notes, among others.

3

World Bank challenge.  

PubMed

Founded in 1945 to meet the needs of post-war European reconstruction, the World Bank was formerly know as the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. While Bank principals increasingly recognize the relationship between population growth and economic development, social investments in family planning have traditionally been less important than conventional Bank activities. Bank staff are generally maladroit in relating to demographic issues and favor carefully designed infrastructure projects over Third World social projects. Dr. Thomas Merrick has recently been appointed Senior Population Adviser to the World Bank. In this position, Dr. Merrick must accomplish the formidable task of convincing skeptical Bank economists that population is directly relevant to their work. He plans to argue the importance of population activities on a country- and issue-specific basis and stress population and family planning policies' bearing on capital formation, health, education, environment, job creation, urban development, and other Bank sectors. Dr. Merrick will also have to build up the number and competence of the World Bank's demographic staff. After having accomplished these internal tasks, the new Senior Population Adviser may also need to address the World Bank's tendency to work with recipient officials who give only low priority to borrowing for family planning. PMID:12344705

Carty, W P

1992-01-01

4

Issues in the Development of Multigrade Schools. World Bank Technical Paper Number 172.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multigrade schools, which combine students of different ages and abilities in one classroom under one teacher's direction, are supported by numerous World Bank projects. This paper aims to increase staff awareness of the complexity of such components and their economic and pedagogical benefits. Pedagogical techniques and outcomes form the core of…

Thomas, Christopher; Shaw, Christopher

5

World Bank Experts Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created with reporters and editors in mind, the World Bank Experts Guide provides World Bank experts that are available to comment on to the media on a wide variety of topics. The list of experts may be viewed by name of expert or by subject. Each expert is given his or her own Webpage, which includes a short biography, expertise, and languages spoken, along with a photograph and related links. For ease of use, several "hot topics" are highlighted including AIDS/HIV and debt relief. This site gives an awe-inspiring look at the variety of experts working for the World Bank.

6

Population and the World Bank.  

PubMed

The World Bank Group regards excessive population growth as the single greatest obstacle to economic and social advance in the underdeveloped world. Since 1969 the Bank and the International Development Agency have provided countries with technical assistance through education, fact-finding, and analysis and given 65.7 million dollars for population projects. These projects, in India, Indonesia, Iran, Jamaica, and Malaysia provide training centers, population education, research, and evaluation as well as actual construction of clinics and mobile units. Because population planning touches sensitive areas of religion, caste, race, morality, and politics, the involved nation's political commitment to plan population growth is critical to the success of any program. PMID:12257161

Sankaran, S

1973-12-01

7

World Bank: News & Broadcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".

8

World Bank: Globalization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The word globalization is thrown around with reckless abandon by numerous parties these days, and as a result, the very notion of such a force is somewhat elusive. While this website from the World Bank may not end all of the fierce academic and pragmatic debates that rage on about globalization, it does offers some perspective from this organization on this wide-ranging phenomenon. The site itself contains audio and video selections, issue briefs, a data and statistics section, and an area dedicated to current research on the subject underway by the World Bank. The issue briefs are definitely worth a look as they address such questions as What is Globalization? and Does More International Trade Openness Increase World Poverty? The selection of videos is also quite nice, particularly a recent talk by Michael Moore (the former director-general of the World Trade Organization) entitled Globalization & Development: Its Implications & Institutions.

9

World Bank: China  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of marvelous country profile websites, and their site dedicated to China is top-notch. It's not just a simple demographic overview of this dynamic country; it is a series of meditations on the state of their economy, political culture, urban development, and other affairs. First-time users will want to look at the "Country-At-A-Glance" section at the top of the homepage to get a thumbnail sketch of the country's current state of affairs. Over on the left-hand side of the page, visitors can look over the "Projects & Programs" area, which talks about the Bank's activities in the country, which include energy efficiency projects and sustainable biodiversity conservation works. Moving on, the "What's New" area features opinion pieces from World Bank officials, press releases, and information about lending policies. Users are also invited to sign up for their RSS feed and email updates here.

10

World Bank: Anticorruption [pdf[  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In its many different guises, corruption around the world tends to affect the poor, who are often the most reliant on the provision of public services, and are also least likely to be able to pay the extra costs associated with bribery and fraud. The World Bank has identified corruption as "the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development," and thusly has set up this anticorruption website to serve as an online resource for policy-makers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other interested parties. On the site, the World Bank lays out its strategy for combating corruption, which includes increasing political accountability, strengthening civil society participation, and improving public sector management. The site also contains a number of helpful resources, such as toolkits for assessing government performance in this area, and information and reports on various regional and country-based approaches to dealing with corruption. The site is rounded out by a calendar of events and key strategy documents, such as "Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance, A World Bank Strategy."

11

World Bank Integrity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the World Bank Group, the Integrity Vice Presidency "independently investigates allegations of corruption and fraud." On their homepage, much of the material is covered within three primary sections: "Fighting Fraud & Corruption", "Investigating Staff Misconduct", and "Allegations". In the "Fighting Fraud & Corruption" area, visitors can learn about completed investigations and learn about the outcomes, which in many cases include sanctions and debarments. Moving on, the "Investigating Staff Misconduct" area includes information about recent investigations into partner organizations who have worked with the World Bank in the past and alleged abuses regarding travel fraud, abuse of authority, and corruption within infrastructure projects. Visitors may also wish to scroll down on the homepage to look over their annual report and check out news updates.

12

The World Bank and poverty.  

PubMed

During the 1970s it was World Bank policy to use its funds to raise the productivity and living standards of the poor. It has increased its lending for sector and subsectors considered to offer the most direct benefits to the poor such as rural development, population, health, and nutrition. Projects with particular emphasis on poverty have benefitted large numbers of poor people and have had good economic rates of return. Lending for rural projects increased in the 1970s from US$2.6 billion in 1969-73 to over US$13 billion in 1978-81; rural development projects audited in 1979 benfitted 660 small farmers for every US$1 million loaned compared with 47 farmers/US$1 million in other agricultural projects. Some problems are: 1) low-risk technical packages appropriate for poor farmers in semi-arid rainfed areas are not readily available; 2) the Bank's rural development strategy seeks mainly to raise the production of small farms, but other aspects need to be emphasized; 3) domestic pricing and postharvest policies often undermine the success of projects aimed at the rural poor; and 4) success in rural development often rests on sociological and cultural factors, difficult areas that deserve more attention. For urban areas the Bank has strongly endorsed providing "sites and sources" instead of structures; since 1972, 52 Bank projects centered on urban shelter involving US$1.6 billion have been undertaken. Cost recovery is established at 66-95%. About 5% of Bank lending is for education and despite the importance of population, health, and nutrition, these areas absorb less than 1% of the Bank's total lending program. Only US$400 million in population loans were made to 13 countries in the 1970s and only recently have separate health projects been started. Emphasis for the 1980s must be on rural development, urban shelter, primary education, health, education, and population. PMID:12338639

Lipton, M; Shakow, A

1982-06-01

13

World Bank: Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank does a great deal of development work throughout Africa, and it is by far the largest provider of assistance on the continent. As of 2007, their portfolio of projects under implementation was over $19 billion. They are also involved with working with a wide range of government partners on the "Africa Action Plan", which is concerned with everything from reducing and mitigating violent conflicts to promoting private sector-led growth and job creation. Visitors can learn about the Plan on the site, and they can also utilize the drop-down menus on the homepage to learn about initiatives and topics in every country on the continent. Along the left-side of the homepage, visitors can explore a number of thematic areas, such as "Data & Statistics", "Development Topics", and "Partnerships". Additionally, visitors with very specific needs can look under the "Resources For" area. Here there are resources organized for government officials, businesses, youth, and so on.

2007-11-28

14

World Bank: Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank does a great deal of development work throughout Africa, and it is by far the largest provider of assistance on the continent. As of 2007, their portfolio of projects under implementation was over $19 billion. They are also involved with working with a wide range of government partners on the "Africa Action Plan", which is concerned with everything from reducing and mitigating violent conflicts to promoting private sector-led growth and job creation. Visitors can learn about the Plan on the site, and they can also utilize the drop-down menus on the homepage to learn about initiatives and topics in every country on the continent. Along the left-side of the homepage, visitors can explore a number of thematic areas, such as Data, Research, and News.

15

World Bank Annual Report 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Fiscal year 1999 (FY99) was a year of continued -- and formidable -- challenges," begins the World Bank Annual Report 1999. It goes on to list the financial crises in Brazil, Asia, and Russia and the natural disasters that struck the Caribbean, Asia, and Central America. And through it all, the World Bank was there. This report charts global economic progress and explains the World Bank's involvement in many aspects of the world economy. Broken into smaller reports, World Bank's annual report looks at the surprising rise of poverty, the issues surrounding Y2K and banking assistance, and the progress in anti-corruption efforts, among other issues. Also included are letters from the chairman, highlights, and summaries of improved projects.

Bank., World

16

Adjusting Educational Policies: Conserving Resources while Raising School Quality. World Bank Discussion Papers, Africa Technical Department Series, No. 132.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Progress made by African governments toward improving their educational policies is described in this collection of papers, which were presented at a conference cosponsored by the World Bank and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Since the mid-1980s, several educational policy adjustment programs have been initiated in…

Fuller, Bruce, Ed.; Habte, Aklilu, Ed.

17

World Bank: Annual Report 2010  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank's Annual Report and the website that accompanies the report are full of data about the world's 79 poorest countries that the World Bank aids through its International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Development Association. The 32-page report covers the period from July 2009 to June 2010. Visitors will find that the website for the Report contains a lot of interactive features for a better understanding of the global poverty situation which the World Bank is trying to help alleviate. The "Data & Research" tab near the top of any page has an "At a Glance" section that features several "Analytical Tools". Visitors won't want to miss the "iSimulate", which allows for performing macroeconomic simulations; "ADePT", which is a software platform for automated economic analysis; and "PovCalNet", which is a poverty analysis tool that "assess[es] global poverty incidence figures."

18

Apps for Development: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank is stepping up to the new media plate by asking concerned app developers to bring out their innovative software applications that "move us a step closer toward solving some of the world's most pressing problems." On the site, visitors can look over all of the apps that have been submitted as part of this initiative, and they are all quite interesting. They include "Food Factor", which gives users a quick visual reference of global food security, and "Forecasting the MDGs", which lets users learn which countries are likely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals established by the World Bank. Visitors can view all of the submissions and sort them out by topic, region of the world and title.

19

The World Bank and pharmaceuticals.  

PubMed

Within less than a decade the World Bank has become the largest single source of finance (loans) for health in low and middle income countries as well as a major player in the field of pharmaceuticals. Often 20-50% of the recurrent government health budget in developing countries is used to procure drugs. Drugs are among the most salient and cost-effective elements of health care and often a key factor for the success of a health sector reform. However, pharmaceuticals are frequently being used irrationally, mainly due to market imperfections in health care, such as information asymmetries, leading to serious health problems and a heavy financial burden on the health system. Lending priorities set by the World Bank could be used to promote public health sector reform, leading to the rational use of affordable and available drugs of good quality in developing countries. This report provides the first analysis of World Bank activity in the pharmaceutical sector worldwide. The analysis of 77 staff appraisal reports, describing the planning phase of World Bank country projects, shows that 16% of the total World Bank health, nutrition and population budget, or approximately US$1.3 billion, has been committed to loans or credits supporting pharmaceutical activities in the programme countries between 1989-95. Roughly US$1.05 billion has been committed to procurement of drugs and medical equipment. Only 5% of the total pharmaceutical sector lending is committed to software components such as drug policy work and rational use of drugs. No more than 45% of the projects were developed in collaboration with pharmaceutical expertise. The World Bank is recommended to improve its pharmaceutical sector involvement by promoting drug policy research and development including national and international dialogue on pharmaceutical issues to ensure rational use of both drugs and loans. In this, the World Bank has an advantage given its experience from working with both the private and the public sector, its in-house expertise in health economics, and lastly its ability to be listened to by governments through its power. PMID:10731235

Falkenberg, T; Tomson, G

2000-03-01

20

The World Bank: Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Climate change continues to be of grave concern to many, and the World Bank is particularly concerned with the ramifications it will have on people in the developing world. Their Climate Change site is designed to provide an overview of their work on this vexing problem including information about their current projects, data sets, research papers, and books. Visitors should start by looking over their weblog, and then take a look at their "News" area. Here, they can learn about innovative carbon trading programs, engineering projects, and international agreements designed to mitigate the effects of climate change. The "Research" area has dozens of free publications, including the very relevant "Climate Resilient Cities" work, which discusses how city governments can better understand how to plan for the impact of climate change through sound urban planning.

21

Water resources management. World Bank policy paper  

SciTech Connect

Water resources have been one of the most important areas of World Bank lending during the past three decades. Through its support for sector work and investments in irrigation, water supply, sanitation, flood control, and hydropower, the Bank has contributed to the development of many countries and helped provide essential services to many communities. Moreover, the Bank and governments have not taken sufficient account of environmental concerns in the management of water resources. (Copyright (c) 1993 International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

Easter, K.W.; Feder, G.; Le Moigne, G.; Duda, A.M.; Forsyth, E.

1993-01-01

22

Vocational Education and Training: A Major Shift in World Bank Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on the World Bank's policy paper on vocational and technical education and training. Argues that past failures in establishing effective vocational and technical education were a result of not applying conventional neoclassical economic theory. Asserts that the World Bank's policy paper corrects this approach. (CFR)

Foster, Phillip

1992-01-01

23

World Bank Annual Report 2005 (Volumes 1 and 2).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This World Bank Annual Report highlights the focus of the Bank activities in addressing worldwide poverty, describing the Bank work in promoting sustainable, economic growth, and in channeling needed services to poor people. Also detailed is the Bank's wo...

2005-01-01

24

World Bank Annual Report 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1997 edition of this report, which chronicles the activities of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA) for the last fiscal year, discusses Bank programs, operations, financial highlights, and approved projects. Central to this report are the detailed regional progress reports. The full report, excluding the financial statements, is available in HTML. The full report with financial statements can be obtained in Adobe Acrobat (.pdf) format (250 pages, arranged in sections). Interested users may refer to the 1996 Annual Report (discussed in the December 20, 1996 Scout Report).

Bank., World

1997-01-01

25

World Bank Atlas. [Twenty-Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of the World Bank Atlas presents curent economic and social data for 185 countries and territories in the world. A number of maps, tables, and graphs highlight key relationships and trends in the development of the countries. The atlas includes data on population, gross national product (GNP), share of agriculture in gross domestic…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

26

Earth Science World Image Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors to the ImageBank can view and download photographs, remote imagery, and slide shows. The images are related to earth and space science topics such as dinosaurs, earthquakes, volcanoes, rocks and minerals, mining and petroleum, groundwater, planets and astronomical phenomena, and others. The site contains thousands of images and is searchable by category, continent, country, or keyword. A teachers' section provides links to educational materials such as books, posters, slide shows, professional development materials, scholarship information, and other resources.

2004-01-01

27

World Bank Teachers and Students Home Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank Site (reviewed in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business and Economics) now has a section specifically devoted to educational resources. Educational material found here relates to topics relevant to the World Bank's larger mission of reducing international poverty and raising the standard of living for people in developing nations. For instance, the Learning Materials area focuses on sustainable development, with learning modules on Population Growth Rate and Access to Safe Water, as well as graphs, charts, and questions for students and teachers to explore. Students have the opportunity to get their own work published in the Sustainable Development Post, an online newspaper with student contributors from around the world. Other areas of the site offer resources on specific issues, such as AIDS, climate change, and gender, or on particular regions and countries. Teachers and students can also use the site to learn more about the World Bank and its mission, read views on development from people around the world, and learn how to use data and other tools available at the World Bank site. Sections of the site are yet to be completed, but on the whole, there are plenty of resources to keep classrooms busy.

28

IMF, World Bank programs hinder AIDS prevention.  

PubMed

International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank structural adjustment programs (SAPs) imposed on developing nations in the 1980s inadvertently helped set the stage for the AIDS epidemic. These programs continue to hinder efforts to prevent HIV transmission. SAPs resulted in the following phenomena which place populations at risk of HIV infection: increased rural-urban migration of cheap labor sparked by a shift to an export-oriented economy, the development of transportation infrastructures in the 1980s to support the changed economy, increased migration and urbanization, and reduced government spending upon health and social services necessitated by the SAPs. For HIV transmission in developing countries to be substantially reduced, the SAP economic policies which may have promoted disease must be modified. An alternative development strategy must satisfy basic human needs such as food, housing, and transport; shift emphasis from the production of a small number of primary commodities for export to diversified agricultural production; support marginal producers and subsistence farmers; emphasize human resource development; end the top-down approach favored by the IMF and World Bank in favor of a truly cooperative development policy; alter the charters of the IMF and World Bank to permit the cancellation or restructuring of debt; and require AIDS Impact Reports of the IMF and World Bank. PMID:12289894

Denoon, D J

1995-07-10

29

Using Communication Support in Projects. The World Bank's Experience. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 551.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist World Bank staff and officials in deciding when and how to include communication support activities in Bank-financed development projects, this paper describes the use of planned communications to encourage participation in projects by certain groups of people, to improve institutional efficiency and staff development, and to…

Perrett, Heli E.

30

The World Bank: HIV and AIDS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

UNAIDS (The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS) and the World Bank worked together to create the AIDS Economics site to help improve understanding of the economics of HIV/AIDS and to "help researchers and policymakers in developing countries to define and implement humane, cost-effective policies to fight the disease." The highlight of the site is the summary of the findings and statistical appendices from Confronting AIDS: Public Priorities in a Global Epidemic, a World Bank report. The full text of the report will be available shortly. The site also features a toolkit to assist consultants in assessing the implications of HIV/AIDS in the distribution of development assistance. Visitors to the site can also sign up for AIDS Economics, a free electronic newsletter.

1998-01-01

31

Uncommon Knowledge: World Bank Policy and the Unmaking of the Knowledge Economy in Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Bank is clearly one of the most influential global intergovernmental operators for international development assistance. In recent decades, the Bank and other agencies have invested immense technical and financial resources in a troubled and unprecedented mission of revitalizing and restructuring the development of education in Africa. A…

Obamba, Milton O.

2013-01-01

32

Wake up, World Bank and FAO.  

PubMed

Many countries will probably find it increasingly difficult to provide adequate food supplies to their populations as they continue to grow in the years ahead. The author explains that no country can develop and implement an effective food policy without first understanding what levels of crop production the world can reasonably sustain under real-life constraints. Cropland is shrinking in the face of urban sprawl; irrigation water is being diverted in ever greater quantities for industrial and municipal needs; fertilizer use in much of the world has reached a saturation point, beyond which extra doses do not increase the harvest; and the overall protein-producing efficiency of the world's agricultural system is declining, as newly prosperous Asian populations shift increasingly from direct grain consumption to meat. Demand also continues to grow by almost 90 million people annually. However, these and other constraints, such as the effects of soil erosion and air pollution on crop yields, are given little weight in the global grain production projections by the World Bank and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. The economists who do the forecasting rely mostly upon an extrapolation of past production trends, inferring that world farmers will be able to sustain the rapid growth in the world grain harvest realized during 1960-90. Simple extrapolation from past trends never works over the long term. World Bank and FAO econometricians need to understand that food production has actually fallen over the past five years and incorporate that realization into their projections for the future. Failure to do so could lead to serious underinvestment in the areas of family planning and agricultural research. PMID:12291322

Brown, L

1996-01-01

33

Mapping for Results: The World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The effective visual representation of key demographic data through the use of dynamic maps is a powerful tool for policymakers, journalists, and others. The World Bank developed such a program in 2010 as part of the Mapping for Results website. So far, their team has analyzed over 2,500 World Bank-financed projects and geo-coded more than 30,000 locations spanning 144 countries. Visitors can look over the featured articles on the homepage to get a flavor of the projects here, which include stories like "Mapping for Results Goes Local" and "Mapping the Financial Sector in Africa." Visitors can use the interactive map to view projects by country or indicator, which include population density, malnutrition, and infant mortality. Visitors can also learn about the Methodology deployed throughout the maps, which will be useful to those persons looking to understand the inner workings of this complex undertaking. Visitors can sign up to receive updates about the site via Twitter or RSS feed.

2007-01-01

34

World Bank: Asia Alternative Energy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of private and public concerns continue to search for alternative energy sources, and some of them have contributed mightily to the wide array of emerging technologies in this important area. The Asia Alternative Energy Program (ASTAE) was created in 1992 by the World Bank in order to maintain support for a broad range of alternative energy projects and related activities throughout Asia. ASTAE partners and staff members work with a portfolio valued at over $1.3 billion in order to identify such projects, and those interested in such projects would do well to take a closer look through this site. Some of the resources on the site include a number of reports, informational tables about their lending operations, and a selection of additional Web-based resources. The site concludes with a short video that describes recent achievements in increasing access to modern energy services in several client countries served by such endeavors.

2006-01-10

35

World Bank: Asia Alternative Energy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of private and public concerns continue to search for alternative energy sources, and some of them have contributed mightily to the wide array of emerging technologies in this important area. The Asia Alternative Energy Program (ASTAE) was created in 1992 by the World Bank in order to maintain support for a broad range of alternative energy projects and related activities throughout Asia. ASTAE partners and staff members work with a portfolio valued at over $1.3 billion in order to identify such projects, and those interested in such projects would do well to take a closer look through this site. Some of the resources on the site include a number of reports, informational tables about their lending operations, and a selection of additional Web-based resources. The site concludes with a short video that describes recent achievements in increasing access to modern energy services in several client countries served by such endeavors.

2005-01-01

36

WBOPENDATA: Stata module to access World Bank databases  

Microsoft Academic Search

wbopendata draws from the main World Bank collections of development indicators, compiled from officially-recognized international sources, and made available through the World Bank Open Data Initiative, and presents the most current and accurate global development data available, and includes national, regional and global estimates. Users can chose from one of three of the languages supported by the database, namely, English,

Joao Pedro Azevedo

2011-01-01

37

The Effects of Measuring Poverty Indicators of the World Bank  

E-print Network

The Effects of Measuring Poverty ­ Indicators of the World Bank SFB 882 Working Paper Series No of Measuring Poverty ­ Indicators of the World Bank SFB 882 Working Paper Series, No. 27 DFG Research Center fields such as education, the labor market, equality, migration, health, or gender. One goal of the SFB

Moeller, Ralf

38

The Changing Role of the WORLD BANK in Global Health  

PubMed Central

The World Bank began operations on June 25, 1946. Although it was established to finance European reconstruction after World War II, the bank today is a considerable force in the health, nutrition, and population (HNP) sector in developing countries. Indeed, it has evolved from having virtually no presence in global health to being the world’s largest financial contributor to health-related projects, now committing more than $1 billion annually for new HNP projects. It is also one of the world’s largest supporters in the fight against HIV/AIDS, with commitments of more than $1.6 billion over the past several years. I have mapped this transformation in the World Bank’s role in global health, illustrating shifts in the bank’s mission and financial orientation, as well as the broader changes in development theory and practice. Through a deepened understanding of the complexities of development, the World Bank now regards investments in HNP programs as fundamental to its role in the global economy. PMID:15623860

Ruger, Jennifer Prah

2005-01-01

39

Review of Early Childhood Policy and Programs in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Technical Paper No. 367, Africa Region Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children in Sub-Saharan Africa face the greatest challenges to healthy development of any region in the world. This report presents reviews of 11 Early Childhood Development programs, studied to define financial and institutional conditions necessary to sustain early intervention efforts. Interviews and existing documentation from governmental and…

Colletta, Nat J.; Reinhold, Amy Jo

40

Recyling from municipal refuse: a state-of-the art review and annotated bibliography (integrated resource recovery). World Bank technical paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report is in two parts: a concise state-of-the-art overview of recycling from municipal refuse, focusing on techniques and conditions germane to developing countries; and an annotated bibliography with abstracts of more than 200 published references on recycling. It was prepared as part of a global research, development and demonstration effort of the United Nations Development Programme and the World

S. J. Cointreau; C. G. Gunnerson; J. M. Huls; N. N. Seldman; P. Mitchell

1984-01-01

41

Geothermal: Energy for development - The World Bank and geothermal development  

SciTech Connect

The World Bank views geothermal energy as one of a variety of natural resources which can be developed to supply the energy needs of a country. Since the World Bank Group finances projects in developing countries. This paper discusses geothermal energy only in that context. Geothermal power is generated in nine developing countries today, which represent nearly 40% of worldwide geothermal generating capacity. The World Bank has helped finance geothermal investments in six of these countries-the Phillippines, Mexico, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Indonesia and Kenya.

Bertelsmeier, W.

1986-01-01

42

Monitoring Rural Development in East Asia. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 439.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents results of discussions during an 8-day workshop (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 1979) on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of East Asian and Pacific rural development projects. Major workshop themes identified are managerial, technical, and institutional aspects of monitoring. The introduction discusses previous World Bank

Deboeck, Guido; Ng, Ronald

43

DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS AND THE WORLD BANK'S IDENTITY CRISIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the author, the Brazilian Finance Minister in the late 1980s, uses his insights and experience to examine critically the identity crisis of the World Bank. Trapped by the neo-liberal turn in the 1980s, and unable to return to the Keynesian lending principles of earlier decades, the Bank is claimed to be facing an unsettled future in terms

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

44

The World Bank's Support for Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the World Bank's role in helping scientific and technological development in developing countries. Areas considered include bank support for science and technology, agricultural research/extension, international agricultural and health research, education and training, support for industrial innovation, energy, research and policy, and…

Weiss, Charles, Jr.

1985-01-01

45

Rhetoric and Reality: World Bank and CIDA Gender Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The picture the World Bank paints of the world is an optimistic one: living standards are higher than ever before, humanity is progressing, and situations for women are improving. If this is really the case, why then does "the impoverishment of hundreds of millions of people" throughout the world continue? (Chossudovsky 1997, 33). Why do "the…

Hales, Jennifer

2007-01-01

46

[Current status of cord blood banks in the world].  

PubMed

Since the first successful transplantation of placental/umbilical cord blood (PCB) in 1988 at St. Louis Hospital in Paris, the effort has been made to establish large scale cord blood banks for allogeneic transplantation around the world. Recent reports from New York Blood Center which stocks 9000 units and shipped 700 units to US and other countries indicates that PCB transplantation is as effective as bone marrow transplantation. There are many cord blood banks in the world now and the number of PCB units stocked in the world are increasing rapidly. The methods for collection and processing of PCB, and test items for screening for viral infections, etc. differ greatly among banks. Therefore, the quality of PCB units stocked worldwide has become an important issue and some major banks are trying to introduce GMP or ISO system for the quality assurance of PCB. In this chapter, we introduce the activities of major cord blood banks in the world. Guidelines or regulation for hematopoietic stem cell processing including PCB has been enacted in some countries though the situation of support from their governments differ. International registry for PCB transplantation have been developed by EUROCORD. The international network of cord blood banks, NETCORD, has been established recently with major banks in Europe, United States and Japan to ensure the rapid supply of safe and efficient PCB units to the patients throughout the world. Obtaining information of international activities of cord blood banks in the world and cooperation with them should bring the National Cord Blood Bank in Japan into concordance with a developing world standards. PMID:10475029

Takahashi, T A; Xu, Y

1999-05-01

47

Category 1: World's best journals Journal of Banking and Finance  

E-print Network

Category 1: World's best journals Journal of Banking and Finance Journal of Finance Journal: Leading specialist journals Financial Analysts Journal Financial Management Journal of Business Finance and Accounting Journal of Empirical Finance Journal of Financial Econometrics Journal of Financial Education

Zhang, Zhengjun

48

World Bank Annual Report 2006 (Volumes 1 and 2).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This World Bank Annual Report for FY 2006 notes that the past year saw both progress and continued challenges in the global fight against poverty and inequality. The Report discusses the following topical highlights: Debt relief for the poorest countries;...

2006-01-01

49

Child Labor: Issues and Directions for the World Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An estimated 250 million children are working worldwide, and child labor is one of the most devastating consequences of persistent poverty. This monograph proposes that the World Bank take stronger action, and outlines what to do and how, to help address the issue more pro-actively by partnering with other world organizations. The monograph first…

Fallon, Peter; Tzannatos, Zafiris

50

Climate change and water desalination in MENA — World Bank involvement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the water sector challenges and the expected impact due to climate change in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. The World Bank and other international funding agencies recognized the already existing water crisis in many places around the world. As an outcome to an integrated water resources management there will be a need for proper

Khairy Al-Jamal

2009-01-01

51

World Bank to raise $250M for avoided deforestation in tropics World Bank to raise $250M for avoided deforestation in tropics  

E-print Network

World Bank to raise $250M for avoided deforestation in tropics World Bank to raise $250M for avoided deforestation in tropics mongabay.com June 11, 2007 The World Bank will soon launch an "avoided deforestation" pilot project that will pay tropical countries for preserving their forests, reports The Wall

52

Plundering the poor: the role of the World Bank in the Third World.  

PubMed

The World Bank, the most important so-called development assistance agency, annually dispenses billions of dollars to Third World governments, ostensibly to "develop" their economics through a variety of loan projects. But even a superficial analysis reveals that the Bank is the perfect mechanism to help (i.e., subsidize) the large transnational corporations from the industrial countries to expand their industrial, commercial, and financial activities in the Third World, at the expense of the latter and particularly at the expense of the rural and urban proletariat. This article discusses Cheryl Payer's recent book, The World Bank: A Critical Analysis, in which she analyzes the Bank's role in the Third World and sets forth the major reasons why poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, as well as unemployment, and all the adverse social phenomena associated with them, are on the increase. PMID:6642815

Feder, E

1983-01-01

53

Bidding for Contracts in World Bank Financed Projects: Questions and Answers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The World Bank holds numerous seminars and briefings in itsmember countries to discuss business opportunities associated with Bank-financed projects. During these meetings, certain questions frequently arise concerning the Bank's lending activities and pr...

1991-01-01

54

THE WORLD BANK, THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE  

E-print Network

in the development of high-quality, high-equity education systems that effectively address poverty alleviation in low in the development of high-quality, high- equity education systems that effectively address poverty alleviation EDUCATION: EXAMINING THE EDUCATION SECTOR STRATEGY 2020$ Karen Mundy and Francine Menashy ABSTRACT The World

Sokolowski, Marla

55

Implementation of Imaging Technology for Recordkeeping at the World Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the evolution of an electronic document management system for the World Bank, including record-keeping components, and how the Pittsburgh requirements for evidence in record keeping were used to evaluate it. Discusses imaging technology for scanning paper records, metadata for retrieval and record keeping, and extending the system to…

Smith, Clive D.

1997-01-01

56

Public Policy for the Private Sector: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Public Policy for the Private Sector_ is a quarterly journal published by the World Bank's Finance, Private Sector, and Infrastructure Network (FPSI). Recently, new documents concerning Finance, Water, and Post-Privatization Performance have been added to this ongoing collection of policy and case study notes.

57

World Bank lending and deforestation: A cross-national analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents a cross-national analysis that tests hypotheses drawn from dependency theory that poor nations undergoing World Bank investment and structural adjustment loans tend to have higher rates of deforestation than poor nations not undergoing these types of loans. In doing so, the article analyzes cross-national data for a sample of 61 nations from 1990 to 2005. The study

John M Shandra; Eric Shircliff; Bruce London

2011-01-01

58

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper tests the hypothesis that World Bank education projects have a higher likelihood of being successful if at the time of appraisal, they underwent good quality economic analysis. Analysis shows a strong relationship between the quality of cost-benefit analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis and the quality of project outcomes. Economic…

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

2003-01-01

59

Water Sector -Aid Funded Business with the World Bank  

E-print Network

-Saharan Africa are the largest recipients of Bank financing for WSS and WRM. Many developing countries face. The World Commission on Water has estimated that investments in water infrastructure in developing countries, and countries. Projects support developing and maintaining appropriate stocks of well-performing hydraulic

Glasgow, University of

60

World Bank Okays Public Interest in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay review discusses the report of The Task Force on Higher Education and Society (TFHES), convened in 1998 by the World Bank but independently financed and staffed in collaboration with UNESCO and several foundations. "Peril and Promise" marks an historic turning point in the framework for postsecondary educational planning. Rate-of-return…

Post, David; Clipper, Lutitia; Enkhbaatar, D.; Manning, Anitra; Riley, Thomas; Zaman, Husam

2004-01-01

61

Investing in Young Children. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 275.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed primarily for World Bank staff and their colleagues in borrowing countries, this paper summarizes why investment in human capital formation through early child development is worthwhile. Chapter 1 introduces the importance of early childhood programs, noting events that have given new visibility to children's issues at the international…

Young, Mary Eming

62

The World Bank Atlas, 1995. 27th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twenty-seventh World Bank Atlas presents key social and economic information for every country on the globe organized under three headings, People, Economy, and Environment. The emphasis is on how these themes are important in the development process. A new addition is that of a new measure of GNP per capita converted at purchasing power…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

63

Evolution of the Governing Law for Loan Agreements of the World Bank and Other Multilateral Development Banks  

E-print Network

What is the governing law for loan agreements entered into by the World Bank and other multilateral development banks (MDBs) in carrying out their public sector lending? That question was first definitively addressed about thirty-five years ago...

Head, John W.

1996-01-01

64

Extractive industries and sustainable development: an evaluation of World Bank Group experience  

SciTech Connect

How effectively has the World Bank Group assisted its clients in enhancing the contribution of the extractive industries to sustainable development? (Extractive industries include oil, gas, and mining of minerals including coals and metals.) This evaluation finds that with its global mandate and experience, comprehensive country development focus, and overarching mission to fight poverty, the World Bank Group is well positioned to help countries overcome the policy, institutional, and technical challenges that prevent them from transforming resource endowments into sustainable benefits. Furthermore, the World Bank Group's achievements are many. On the whole, its extractive industries projects have produced positive economic and financial results, though compliance with its environmental and social safeguards remains a challenge. Its research has broadened and deepened understanding of the causes for the disappointing performance of resource-rich countries. Its guidelines for the mitigation of adverse environmental and social impacts have been widely used and appreciated. More recently, it has begun to address the challenge of country governance with a variety of instruments. The World Bank Group can, however, do much to improve its performance in enhancing the extractive industry sector's contribution to sustainable development and poverty reduction. The report identifies three main areas for improvement - formulating an integrated strategy, strengthening implementation and engagement of stakeholders. 5 annexes.

Andres Liebenthal; Roland Michelitsch; Ethel Tarazona

2005-07-01

65

World Bank eAtlas of the Millennium Development Goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank established a set of Millennium Development Goals as both a challenge to poor countries to demonstrate "good governance" and to wealthy nations as a spur that would hopefully encourage them to support economic and social development. Recently, the World Bank created this visually engaging and sophisticated interactive atlas to track those eight goals, which include the promotion of gender equality, combating disease, and reducing child mortality. Visitors can click on any of these eight goals and they will be able to view maps of the world that document the progress that has been made in each nation. Clicking on each nation individually brings up clear and easy-to-read tables that chart additional changes within each separate goal. Visitors can export the data for their own use, and they can also resize the map to demonstrate the changes made over the past few years.

2008-06-10

66

Poverty crisis in the Third World: the contradictions of World Bank policy.  

PubMed

Politicians, the mainstream media, and orthodox social science have all been telling us of a final victory of capitalism over socialism, suggesting that capitalism is the only viable option for solving the world's problems. Yet, the global capitalist system is itself entering the third decade of a profound structural crisis, the costs of which have been borne largely by the exploited and oppressed peoples of the underdeveloped periphery. While the World Bank's latest World Development Report recognizes the current poverty crisis in the third world, its "two-part strategy" for alleviating poverty is based on an inadequate analysis of how peripheral capitalist development marginalizes the basic needs of the third world poor. Hence, the World Bank's assertion that free-market policies are consistent with effective antipoverty programs does not confront the class structures and global capitalist interests bound up with the reproduction of mass poverty in the third world. The World Bank's subordination of the basic needs of the poor to free-market adjustments and reforms in fact suggests that the real purpose of its "two-part strategy" is to ensure continued extraction of surplus from third world countries by maintaining the basic structure of imperialist underdevelopment. PMID:1917207

Burkett, P

1991-01-01

67

Pay and Grade Differentials at the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

April 1998At the World Bank, only about half of salary and grade differentials between men and women and between staff from high- and low-income countries are attributable to differences in worker characteristics. Neither omitted-variable bias nor quotas imposed to ensure diversity are compelling explanations for remaining differentials in salary and grade. Discrimination is likely to explain some of the remainder.Large

Deon Filmer; Dominique van de Walle; Margaret Grosh

1999-01-01

68

Foreign Banks in the United States Since World War II: A Useful Fringe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foreign banks have had an organizational presence in the United States since the early 1800s. Until after World War II, the foreign banks' presence was generally limited. They engaged in trade finance, and in some cases ethnic banking. The growth really dates to the period from the mid-1960s to 1990. Banks are service firms, and their growth reflects a demand

Adrian E. Tschoegl

2000-01-01

69

NASA Technical Memorandum 109162 World Wide Web Implementation of the  

E-print Network

1 NASA Technical Memorandum 109162 World Wide Web Implementation of the Langley Technical Report;2 World Wide Web Implementation of the Langley Technical Report Server Michael L. Nelson (m for NASA. The availability of World Wide Web (WWW) technol- ogy has revolutionized the Internet

Nelson, Michael L.

70

Managing Climate Risk. Integrating Adaptation into World Bank Group Operations  

SciTech Connect

Climate change is already taking place, and further changes are inevitable. Developing countries, and particularly the poorest people in these countries, are most at risk. The impacts result not only from gradual changes in temperature and sea level but also, in particular, from increased climate variability and extremes, including more intense floods, droughts, and storms. These changes are already having major impacts on the economic performance of developing countries and on the lives and livelihoods of millions of poor people around the world. Climate change thus directly affects the World Bank Group's mission of eradicating poverty. It also puts at risk many projects in a wide range of sectors, including infrastructure, agriculture, human health, water resources, and environment. The risks include physical threats to the investments, potential underperformance, and the possibility that projects will indirectly contribute to rising vulnerability by, for example, triggering investment and settlement in high-risk areas. The way to address these concerns is not to separate climate change adaptation from other priorities but to integrate comprehensive climate risk management into development planning, programs, and projects. While there is a great need to heighten awareness of climate risk in Bank work, a large body of experience on climate risk management is already available, in analytical work, in country dialogues, and in a growing number of investment projects. This operational experience highlights the general ingredients for successful integration of climate risk management into the mainstream development agenda: getting the right sectoral departments and senior policy makers involved; incorporating risk management into economic planning; engaging a wide range of nongovernmental actors (businesses, nongovernmental organizations, communities, and so on); giving attention to regulatory issues; and choosing strategies that will pay off immediately under current climate conditions. There are several ways in which the World Bank Group can continue helping its clients better manage climate risks to poverty reduction and sustainable development: Integrating climate risk management into the project cycle, by adopting early risk identification (for instance by applying a quick and simple risk-screening tool) and following up throughout the design process if necessary. Integrating climate risk management into country and sector dialogues, especially in countries and sectors that are particularly vulnerable. Enhancing internal support for and coordination of climate risk management by, for example, expanding analytical work and capacity for cross-support by the Global Climate Change Team and the Hazard Management Unit of the World Bank and by actively developing climate risk management activities within regional departments. Supporting the establishment of proper financing mechanisms for adaptation, using, for example, the Investment Framework for Clean Energy and Development. New funding mechanisms created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and being made operational by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), as well as the Kyoto Protocol, should be used to leverage maximum adaptation results within the Bank's broad range of development activities and investments. By enhancing climate risk management, the World Bank Group will be able to address the growing risks from climate change and, at the same time, make current development investments more resilient to climate variability and extreme weather events. In that way, climate risk management will not only guard the Bank's investments in a changing climate but will also improve the impact of development efforts right now.

Van Aalst, M. [Global Environment Facility Program, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, World Bank Group, Washington, DC (United States)

2006-08-15

71

External Audit Requirements of Banking Systems around the World Hemantha Herath * and Pranesh Kumar**  

E-print Network

1 External Audit Requirements of Banking Systems around the World Hemantha Herath * and Pranesh of External Audit Requirements of Banking Systems around the World Abstract: There is growing complexity systems around the world using the data of 107 countries. More specifically, we perform contingency

Bolch, Tobias

72

How the World Bank Can Contribute to Basic Education Given Formal Schooling Will Not Go Away.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the potential of the World Bank scheme, outlined in its 1980 Education Sector Policy Paper, for helping Bangladesh achieve universal basic education. Considers such issues as formal vs. nonformal schooling, costs, and teacher training. Part of a theme issue on the World Bank Paper and Third World educational development. (SJL)

Dove, Linda A.

1981-01-01

73

The World Bank Rural Development Field Staff Distance Learning and Training Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Development Distance Learning and Training Strategy targets locally recruited field staff of the World Bank Rural Sector. Field staff at the bank's mission offices worldwide are heterogeneous in terms of culture, ethnicity, race, gender, social class, and religion. However, they have the following in common: they follow the Bank's work…

Mortera-Gutierrez, Fernando

74

An Obsolescing Bargain in Chad: Shifts in Leverage between the Government and the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applies the insights of obsolescing bargaining theory to a situation in which a host country interacted with both multinational corporations and an international organization, the World Bank. Drawing on resource curse literature and the Rubinstein bargaining model, we demonstrate the continued usefulness of obsolescing bargaining theory by explaining why the World Bank had to renegotiate its initial bargain

John A. Gould; Matthew S. Winters

2007-01-01

75

Slavery and human trafficking international law and the role of the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the international legal framework applicable to the World Bank and member states on contemporary forms of slavery, in particular, trafficking. The Palermo trafficking protocol is specially analyzed. Moreover, the paper refers to the preventive framework constituted by human rights obligations, particularly those of international labor law. The World Bank's mandate appears to permit preventive action. The articles

Maria Fernanda Perez Solla

2009-01-01

76

Developing Tanzanian civil society : Desiring democracy, self-empowerment and the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The development of Tanzanian civil society is widely understood to be one of the key processes in the democratization of the country, and this vision is also shared by the World Bank. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the intention and impact of World Bank policies aimed at supporting Tanzanian civil society organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Marinko Banjac

2010-01-01

77

Education in the 1980s: World Bank Perspectives--The Myth and the Reality--.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In reviewing and analyzing the World Bank's "Education Sector Policy Paper" of April 1980, the author concentrates, first, on the report's description of worldwide issues and trends in educational development and, second, on the report's assessment of past and future World Bank lending for educational programs. The discussion of worldwide issues…

Saraf, S. N.

78

78 FR 47210 - National Practitioner Data Bank and Privacy Act; Exempt Records System; Technical Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Privacy Act; Exempt Records System; Technical Correction AGENCY: Health Resources...Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) system of records (09-15-0054) is...cross referenced. This change is technical in nature and does not...

2013-08-05

79

A Global Knowledge Bank? The World Bank and Bottom-Up Efforts to Reinforce Neoliberal Development Perspectives in the Post-Washington Consensus Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1990s, in reaction to growing protests against its insistence on the universal applicability of market-oriented development programs (the ‘Washington Consensus’), the World Bank reinvented itself as a ‘global knowledge bank’. The Bank has gone to considerable effort to improve and decentralize its knowledge management, aiming to increase sensitivity and responsiveness. Critical scholars argue that the Bank continues

Dieter Plehwe

2007-01-01

80

Paying for Education: How the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund Influence Education in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the roles of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank from 1980 to the present, distinguishing between two types of impacts they exert in the education sector of borrowing countries (the World Bank's direct involvement in education and economic reform and Structural Adjustment Programs financed by the IMF and World Bank). The…

Alexander, Nancy C.

2001-01-01

81

Financing the peace: Evaluating World Bank post-conflict assistance programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does World Bank aid to countries damaged by civil conflict meet its stated goals of speeding economic recovery and reducing\\u000a the risk of conflict recidivism? We contend that the Bank’s success depends on its ability to bolster and signal the credibility\\u000a of politicians’ commitments to peaceful politics and tailor its programs to the post-conflict environment. In the first systematic\\u000a evaluation

Thomas Edward Flores; Irfan Nooruddin

2009-01-01

82

Research for development : a World Bank perspective on future directions for research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the history of development research at the World Bank and points to new future directions in both what we research and how we research. Six main messages emerge. First, research and data have long been essential elements of the Bank's country programs and its contributions to global public goods, and this will remain the

2010-01-01

83

The new abolitionists? The World Bank and the ‘boldness’ of global school fee elimination reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the ambiguity within the World Bank's (WB) stance on primary school fees by examining the recently launched school fee abolition initiative. Drawing on key texts from this initiative and two decades of WB educational policy, we suggest that the discursive work around school fees performed by the Bank is a reflection of broader historical shifts in its

Frances Vavrus; Christina Kwauk

2012-01-01

84

World Bank Activities in Library and Documentation Services Provision in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the World Bank provides loans primarily for economic development in developing countries, many of its loans include provision for project-related information transfer. Because the Bank is likely to become increasingly involved in lending for information activities, it must determine whether or to what extent there is a need for greater or…

Duces, Brigitte

1991-01-01

85

The effects of customers' mobile experience and technical support on the intention to use mobile banking.  

PubMed

While mobile banking has become an integral part of banking activities, it has also caused systems-related stress and consequent distrust among mobile banking users. This study looks into the phenomenon of technology adoption for mobile banking users and identifies potential factors that nurture positive intentions toward mobile banking usage. It examines the effects of a customer's mobile experience and technical support on mobile banking acceptance and explains how some variables affect this intention. After a literature review, the method of empirical analysis using a structured questionnaire is developed. Hierarchical Moderated Regression Analyses (HMRA) is used to examine the model. We find that mobile experience and technical support tend to strengthen the relationship between technological characteristics and a customer's intention to use the mobile technology. PMID:19772441

Chung, Namho; Kwon, Soon Jae

2009-10-01

86

World Bank Directives, Domestic Interests, and the Politics of Human Capital Investment in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies underscore the importance of international organizations in transmitting norms, ideas, and values to developing countries. But has this diffusion influenced government policy in less developed countries? During the past two decades, the World Bank has emphasized the need for Third World governments to increase the stock of human capital by investing in education and health. Specifically, it has

WENDY HUNTER; DAVID S. BROWN

2000-01-01

87

Empowering Communities for Improved Educational Outcomes: Some Evaluation Findings from the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community involvement in the management of schools--community empowerment--is a growing phenomenon in the developing world. Many see it as a way to increase the relevance of schools, school attendance, and ultimately to improve learning outcomes. Increasingly, World Bank lending for basic education includes growing support for community…

Nielsen, H. Dean

2007-01-01

88

WORKING PAPER SERIES Technical Analysis and Central Bank Intervention.  

E-print Network

of International Money and Finance, November 2000 FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF ST. LOUIS Research Division 411 Locust Street St. Louis, MO 63102 of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, the Federal Reserve System, or the Board of Governors. Federal Reserve

Fernandez, Thomas

89

New perspectives of malaria control in India under World Bank Project.  

PubMed

The World Bank has been assisting Government of India (GoI) for a number of years with development of effective health services for the control of vector borne diseases (VBDs). An Enhanced Malaria Control Project (EMCP) under financial assistance from Bank was implemented in selected tribal states and districts from 1997 to 2005. While most of the project districts did report a decline in malaria incidence, the Implementation Completion Report (ICR) highlighted the need for major reform. Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) malaria, which accounts for almost all malaria related mortality, has been increasing in India and there is widespread resistance to chloroquine. The needed reform would require, first and foremost, updating of policy on malaria case management in public and private sectors. Also needed are innovative approaches for promoting the use of insecticide treated nets (ITNs) and strengthening institutions at the district and state levels for effective implementation of new policies. Several important changes in the policy on diagnosis and treatment of malaria are being implemented in this new project. The most important of these are: Use of artesunate combination therapy (ACT) as the first line treatment for all confirmed Pf malaria cases, introduction of rapid diagnostic kits for quick diagnosis of Pf cases, promotion of long lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLINs) in vulnerable population. Supervision and monitoring will be strengthened by deployment of Malarial/Kala azar Technical Supervisors (MTS/KTS) and VBD consultants at district level. The project has also envisaged two important components like Environment Management Plan (EMP) for safe use of insecticides and materials and Vulnerable Community Plan (VCP) for the benefit of underprivileged population. PMID:20509472

Das Gupta, R K; Thakor, Hitendrasinh G; Sonal, G S; Dhillon, G P S

2009-12-01

90

World Bank credits Uganda with $50m. -- emphasis on communities, NGOs and health.  

PubMed

Between 1983 and 1984, the World Bank financed 11 AIDS/STD projects in Africa, most of which tended to cost comparatively small amounts. It increased the amount of its AIDS/STD loans considerably in 1993 and 1994 ($75 million in Zimbabwe and $50 million in Uganda). The Ugandan government, Germany, Sweden, and the UK are also funding the AIDS/STD project. Since the money is from the Bank's International Development Association, Uganda does not need to pay any interest on the loan. About 1.5 million people in Uganda are HIV positive. The number of AIDS patients continues to rise. The AIDS project in Uganda focuses on prevention of sexual transmission of HIV, mitigation of the personal impact of the epidemic, and institutional development. Prevention of sexual transmission activities are: promotion of safer sex behavior, condoms, and STD care-seeking behavior and effective STD care. Support for community-based and home-based health care and social support for people with AIDS, training staff about and providing drugs for opportunistic infections, protective supplies for public and private district health facilities, and diagnosis and case management of tuberculosis comprise mitigation of the personal impact of AIDS activities. Institutional development efforts include strengthening the district level's capacity to plan, coordinate, implement, monitor, and evaluate integrated AIDS-related activities, and the national level's capacity to provide adequate technical support on health issues linked to AIDS. Three key policies of the project are decentralization, community mobilization, and encouragement of nongovernmental organizations to work with communities and to complement government efforts. A large scale AIDS/STD mass media program is planned. Project goals are: 50% of the population knowing at least 2 actual ways to protect themselves from HIV. 50% of the population using condoms, and 70% of people seeking STD care receiving appropriate STD case management. PMID:12318855

1994-01-01

91

The concern and contribution of the World Bank in population planning.  

PubMed

The present efforts to improve standards of living throughout the world would be threatened by high population growth rates. In three different ways the World Bank is trying to do something about this problem: a) increasing awareness of adverse consequences of population growth, b) alerting national leaders to the demographic conditions of their own countries, c) giving aid to countries willing to implement programs for reduction of growth rates. Tables complement the text in summarizing the growth of lending by the Bank and the International Development Association and indicating future planned activities. PMID:4788247

Kanagaratnam, K

1973-01-01

92

Lineages of liberalism and miracles of modernisation: The World Bank, the East Asian trajectory and the international development debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over time the conception of development encouraged by the Bank has shifted, mirroring wider trends in the international political economy. This article begins with a brief discussion of the changes in the World Bank's understanding of development over the past 30 or 40 years. This is followed by an examination of the Bank' s efforts to accommodate the East Asian

Mark T. Berger; Mark Beeson

1998-01-01

93

The World Bank and global cooperation in health: the case of Bangladesh.  

PubMed

The final quarter of the 20th century saw a profound change in international health cooperation. The World Bank emerged and consolidated its position as the leading external financier of health-sector activities in countries of low and middle income. As a result of its resources, philosophy, and legitimacy, the World Bank leveraged fundamental reform of the health-sector agenda as well as institutional relations at global and national levels. The scope of the Bank's involvement, and the nature of its policy thrusts and investment strategy in the sector, are outlined in this paper and illustrated with specific reference to Bangladesh. This backdrop serves to raise four issues and enables us to explore their relevance to global health cooperation in the first quarter of the 21st century. PMID:9500349

Buse, K; Gwin, C

1998-02-28

94

The Battle Against Hunger: Choice, Circumstance, and the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

We live in an increasingly prosperous world, yet the estimated number of undernourished people has risen, and will continue to rise with the doubling of food prices. A large majority of those affected are living in India. Why have strategies to combat hunger, especially in India, failed so badly? How did a nation that prides itself on booming economic growth

Devi Sridhar

95

Plus ca change …the world bank global education policy and the post-washington consensus  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last two decades the World Bank (WB) has increased its economic and ideological influence in setting the educational policy agenda of the so-called less developed countries (LDC). The economic crisis of two poor regions of the world in the 1980s (Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America), the reduction of bilateral forms of educational aid, and the economic and political

Xavier Bonal

2002-01-01

96

Bridging the rationalist–constructivist divide: re-engineering the culture of the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we seek to explain reform patterns at the World Bank. Traditional realist and institutionalist theories say little about the process of change within international organizations ('IOs'). Drawing upon the insights of relatively new rationalist and constructivist approaches, we develop and test a model of IO change that combines insights from rationalism and constructivism. Our explanation integrates the

Daniel L. Nielson; Michael J. Tierney; Catherine E. Weaver

2006-01-01

97

It is time to free the World Bank By Jeffrey Sachs  

E-print Network

. The world has rallied behind the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals, the shared global objectives the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national product as official development assistance". US aid stands, are wary of speaking out. Yet, the bank's legitimacy will be damaged by a show of unlimited White House

98

Pathways to Change: Improving the Quality of Education in Developing Countries. World Bank Discussion Papers 53.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of 21 educational change programs supported by 42 World Bank-assisted projects found that the most successful programs have a different profile than the less successful programs. The former aimed at comprehensive change, encompassing a wide range of objectives including administrative and management training and the provision of…

Verspoor, Adriaan

99

Glocalization of Law: Environmental Justice, World Bank, NGOs and the Cunning State in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article delineates trajectories of the glocalization of law and maps the changing contours of legal pluralism using empirical material on World Bank financed infrastructure and biodiversity projects in India. The role of international institutions, social movements and NGOs, which challenge the monopoly of the state over the production of law and the definition of the common good, is analysed

Shalini Randeria

2003-01-01

100

Policy Research Working Paper 4844, World Bank, Washington DC, April 2009 Weakly Relative Poverty  

E-print Network

Policy Research Working Paper 4844, World Bank, Washington DC, April 2009 Weakly Relative Poverty, 20433, USA Abstract: Prevailing measures of relative poverty are unchanged when all incomes grow that relax these assumptions. On calibrating our measures to national poverty lines and survey data, we find

Krivobokova, Tatyana

101

Business creation in Portugal: Comparison between the World Bank data and Quadros de Pessoal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Portugal has some of the highest business entry rates when compared to other countries, according to Eurostat, Statistics Portugal and the OECD Entrepreneurship Indicators Programme. We look at business creation in Portugal, from 2000 to 2007, by approaching two other complementary data sources, the World Bank Group Entrepreneurship Survey, based on official Portuguese business register’s and the universe of active

Elsa Morais Sarmento; Alcina Nunes

2010-01-01

102

Developing Accountability for Health: The World Bank, the Millennium Development Goals, and the Role of Physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Funding : The writing of this article was funded by the University of Minnesota's Consortium on Law and Values in Health, Environment and Life Sciences. The Consortium was not involved in preparing the manuscript or the decision to submit the article to the journal. The opinions in this article are those of the author only. Abstract The World Bank has

Stephanie L. Smith

103

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes. Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research reported in this paper tests the hypothesis that World Bank education projects for which the project appraisal documents are judged "good" have a higher probability of leading to successful outcomes than projects for which the appraisals are judged "poor." The research draws on project document evaluations carried out in 1993 and 1998.…

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

104

Education Achievements and School Efficiency in Rural Bangladesh. World Bank Discussion Papers, 319.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two of the largest World Bank investment projects in Bangladesh are the general education project and the female secondary scholarship and assistance project. This paper evaluates the expected results of these educational projects using the household and school survey data recently collected in rural Bangladesh. Bangladesh spends only 2 percent of…

Khandker, Shahidur R.

105

The World Bank: An Online Atlas of the Millennium Development Goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank established a set of Millennium Development Goals as both a challenge to poor countries to demonstrate "good governance" and to wealthy nations as a spur that would hopefully encourage them to support economic and social development. Recently, the World Bank created this visually engaging and sophisticated interactive atlas to track those eight goals, which include the promotion of gender equality, combating disease, and reducing child mortality. Visitors can click on any of these eight goals and they will be able to view maps of the world that document the progress that has been made in each nation. Clicking on each nation individually brings up clear and easy-to-read tables that chart additional changes within each separate goal. Visitors can export the data for their own use, and they can also resize the map to demonstrate the changes made over the past few years.

106

Project-performance results for 1986: a World Bank operations evaluation study  

SciTech Connect

The World Bank reviews the performance of all projects that it has helped to finance. These reviews are based on individual evaluations prepared for each project and include determinations of overall project success, economic rates of return project sustainability, institutional aspects, project costs, and delays in implementation. It presents findings and implications in terms of alleviation of poverty, environmental impacts, budgetary constraints, bank supervision, and responses to risk and uncertainty. Projects are evaluated in areas of agriculture, industrial development, development finance companies, urban development, water supply and waste disposal, transportation, electric power, and education.

Not Available

1988-01-01

107

World Bank Pension reforms and development patterns in the world system and in the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper compares the cross national effects of pension reform on 33 indicators of social, economic, political and ecological well-being of nations with the effects on these 33 variables by dependency, the adherence to the advice by international financial institutions, world political or world cultural identities; the aging process; feminism, militarism; the public education effort and the development level.

Arno Tausch

2005-01-01

108

The World Bank and Private Provision of Schooling: A Look through the Lens of Sociological Theories of Organizational Hypocrisy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we explore how the World Bank operationalizes its focus on poverty alleviation in one of the most controversial arenas of educational change: the expansion of privately provided schooling. We argue that the Bank's role in promoting private provision has been far more complicated than most critics have discerned. It has…

Mundy, Karen; Menashy, Francine

2014-01-01

109

Neoliberalism and the World Bank: Economic Discourse and the (Re)Production of Gendered Identity(ies)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the World Bank's discourse of neoliberalism with a view to understanding how this informs and sustains the Bank's policies and practices in particularly gendered ways. "Neoliberalism" is, here, a discursive structure that constitutes a powerful and pervasive contemporary model of economic development, resting on assumptions…

Griffin, Penny

2007-01-01

110

Technical Progress of the New Worlds Observer Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the technical progress of the New Worlds Observer (NWO) mission concept. NWO is a two spacecraft mission that is capable of detecting and characterizing extra-solar, terrestrial planets and planetary systems. NWO consists of an external starshade and an UV-optical space telescope, flying in tandem. The starshade is a petal-shaped, opaque screen that creates an extremely dark shadow large enough to shade the telescope aperture from the target star. The NWO team has been addressing the top technology challenges of the concept, and report here our progress. We will present the current mission configuration best suited to address Terrestrial Planet Finding requirements, and highlight the technological breakthroughs that we have achieved this year. In particular, we will report on progress made in precision deployables for the large starshade, and the trajectory & alignment control system for NWO. We will also briefly highlight advances in understanding the starshade optical performance.

Lo, Amy; Noecker, C.; Cash, W.; NWO Study Team

2009-01-01

111

The World Bank and the environment, fiscal 1992, exercise 92. Annual report. Banque mondiale et l'environnement, ejercicio 92  

SciTech Connect

The report describes the Bank's activities in assisting countries with environmental management, such as programs to reduce poverty without exhausting natural resources. Included are assessments of the environmental impacts of projects supported by World Bank loans, and accounts of efforts to meet global environmental challenges with coordinated international action through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Among the events in the period covered by the report are the affirmation of the World Bank's participation with United Nations organizations in the GEF and the Bank's administration of pilot programs aimed at finding solutions to such global environmental problems as pollution of international waters, global warming, depletion of the Earth's ozone layer, and dwindling biological diversity; the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; and the publication of the World Development Report 1992, with its theme of development and the environment.

Not Available

1992-09-01

112

The world bank and the environment, exercise 1992. Annual report. Banco mundial y el medio ambiente, ejercicio de 1992  

SciTech Connect

The report describes the Bank's activities in assisting countries with environmental management, such as programs to reduce poverty without exhausting natural resources. Included are assessments of the environmental impacts of projects supported by World Bank loans, and accounts of efforts to meet global environmental challenges with coordinated international action through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Among the events in the period covered by the report are the affirmation of the World Bank's participation with United Nations organizations in the GEF and the Bank's administration of pilot programs aimed at finding solutions to such global environmental problems as pollution of international waters, global warming, depletion of the Earth's ozone layer, and dwindling biological diversity; the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; and the publication of the World Development Report 1992, with its theme of development and the environment.

Not Available

1992-01-01

113

Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB): A Comprehensive Collection of Geoscience Images Being Developed by the American Geological Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are geoscience images available in numerous locations around the World Wide Web, there is no universal comprehensive digital archive where teachers, students, scientists, and the general public can gather images related to the Earth Sciences. To fill this need, the American Geological Institute (AGI) is developing the largest image database available: the Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB). The

A. W. Howe; C. M. Keane

2003-01-01

114

78 FR 38983 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP-STAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical...name of the Committee should read World Trade Center Health Program...

2013-06-28

115

Pragmatism and the Gradual Shift from Dependency to Neoliberalism: The World Bank, African Leaders and Development Policy in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long-standing disagreement between the international community and African leaders over an appropriate development strategy has been settled by the World Bank’s Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF) and African leaders’ New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD). Both documents support neoliberalism and see increased global integration as the key to Africa’s development. This paper traces Africa’s journey from the dependency\\/neoliberalism debate in

Francis Owusu

2003-01-01

116

The management and design of economic development projects: A case study of World Bank electricity projects in Egypt  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with the efficiency of World Bank projects in Egypt. The study seeks improvements in the methods of evaluating public sector projects in Egypt. To approaches are employed: (1) project identification to optimally allocate Egypt's and World Bank's resources; (2) project appraisal to assess the economic viability and efficiency of investments. The electricity sector is compared with the agriculture sector as a means of employing project identification for priority ordering of investment for development in Egypt. The key criteria for evaluation are the impacts of developments of each sector upon Egypt's national objectives and needs. These include employment opportunities, growth, alleviation of poverty, cross comparison of per capita consumption in each sector, economic rate of return, national security, balance of payments and foreign debt. The allocation of scarce investments would have been more efficient in agriculture than in electricity in meeting Egypt's national objectives and needs. World Bank lending programs in Egypt reveal a priority ordering of electricity over agriculture and rural development. World Bank development projects in Egypt have not been optimally identified, and its programs have not followed an efficient allocation of World Bank's and Egypt's resources. The key parameters in evaluating economic viability and efficiency of development projects are: (1) the discount rate (the opportunity cost of public funds); (2) the exchange rate; and (3) the cost of major inputs, as approximated by shadow prices of labor, water, electricity, and transportation for development projects. Alternative approaches to estimating the opportunity cost of public funds are made. The parameters in evaluating the efficiency of projects have not been accurately estimated in the appraisal stage of the World Bank projects in Egypt, resulting in false or misleading information concerning the economic viability and efficiency of the projects.

El Sabaa, S.M.

1992-01-01

117

A program to develop the domestic natural gas industry in Indonesia: Case history of two World Bank projects  

SciTech Connect

Indonesia depends heavily on revenues from the export of LNG and oil, the availability of which appears to be decreasing. It is therefore making a strong effort to accelerate development of a domestic natural gas industry. A high priority has been given to the conversion of power plants and city gas systems, including local industries and commercial facilities, from liquid fuels to natural gas. This will release more oil for export, help to meet the objectives of Repelita V, and provide substantial environmental benefits. The World Bank recently provided loans to the Indonesian Government for two projects that are aimed at substituting natural gas for oil and manufactured gas in domestic markets. One project involves expansion of the gas distribution systems of Indonesia's natural gas utility (PGN) in three cities: Jakarta and Bogor in Java, and Medan in Sumatra. The project also includes training programs for PGN staff and an energy pricing policy study to be carried out by Indonesia's Ministry of Mines and Energy. The second project involves expansion of the supply of natural gas for Surabaya and twelve other towns in its vicinity in East Java, and further expansion of Medan's supply system. Technical assistance will be provided to enhance the skills ofPGN and the Ministry of Mines and Energy, and a Gas Technology Unit similar to the Institute of Gas Technology will be established at Indonesia's Research and Development Center for Oil and Gas (LEMIGAS) in Jakarta. 14 refs., 3 figs., 11 tabs.

Klass, D.L. (Institute of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)); Khwaja, S. (World Bank, Washington, DC (United States))

1991-01-01

118

Fuelwood consumption and deforestation in African countries. World Bank staff working paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper reviews recent reports on the level and growth of fuelwood consumption in Africa, and on the ecological, economic and possible micro-climatic effects of deforestation. It then reviews the economic and operational aspects of policies open to governments (1) to encourage fuelwood conservation, (2) to facilitate the substitution of commercial energy for fuelwood, where desirable on grounds of relative costs, (3) in developing the traditional functions of the forestry services in maintaining the forest reserves and undertaking plantings in watersheds and shelterbelts, and (4) in promoting the practice of agro-forestry, i.e. the planting and maintenance of trees in copses and around farms by the farm families themselves. All four are important, but it is argued that (4) offers considerable promise in terms of increased planting rates, low budgetary requirements, ecological benefits and good economic and financial rates of return. The importance of the policy environment for the success of each is also discussed, as are the various research, education, training and other requirements of (4). (Copyright (c) 1984 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.)

Anderson, D.; Fishwick, R.

1984-01-01

119

Moving International Technical Communication Forward: A World Englishes Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how the English language contributes to cross-boundary communication failure and establishes that there is an "English language problem" that has not been adequately addressed in preparing United States native English-speaking students for international technical communication tasks. For example, U.S. technical communication…

Bokor, Michael Jarvis Kwadzo

2011-01-01

120

The history and problems in the making of education policy at the World Bank 1960–2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reports seem contradictory. With about three billion dollars per year in new loan commitments, the World Bank has become the single largest source of development capital in the field of international education. These resources help expand educational opportunities for young women in South Asia and rebuild primary schools following civil conflict in Sub-Saharan Africa. They support textbooks, school meals,

S. P. Heyneman

2003-01-01

121

Using Quantitative Data in World Bank Per-Student Funding Reform Projects: Data, Designs and Dilemmas in Transition Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the late 1980s, education systems have increasingly moved to allocating funding for general education by means of a per-student formula. The trend started with developed economies and moved to transition and developing economies, where the World Bank has promoted the adoption of per-student funding (PSF). But promoting a particular reform,…

Levacic, Rosalind

2014-01-01

122

The World Bank's Position on Early Child Education in Brazil: A Critical Assessment of Contributions and Shortcomings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2010, the World Bank published a policy study on early child education (ECE) developments in Brazil, entitled "Early Child Education: Making Programs Work for Brazil's Most Important Generation. Development." This paper analyses the report's assessment of ECE policy in Brazil as well as the recommendations it provides. A…

Fernandes, Sabrina

2014-01-01

123

Performance of the Women-in-Agriculture Project in Borno State During and after the World Bank Support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study compared the performance of the Women-In-Agriculture (WIA) programme in Borno State, Nigeria during and after World Bank funding, 1989-1995 and 1996-2003, respectively. Structured questionnaires were administered to 20 randomly selected WIA agents of Borno State Agricultural Development Programme. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The analysis revealed that most of the WIA activities during the World Bank funding period recorded a high performance index, such as establishment of Small Plot Adoption Techniques (SPAT) (73.10%), establishment of cottage industries (75%) and number of field visits made by the WIA agents (68%). However, after the World Bank funding period, most target set were not achieved, recording (0) achievement rate in (5) activities, such as establishment of cottage industries and equipment of the fortnightly training centers. Based on these findings, it is recommended that funding of the WIA project by the World Bank, Federal, State and Local government should be reactivated. The government should ensure access of women farmers to extension services, inputs and training opportunities.

Elizabeth, Sabo

124

Economics, health and development: some ethical dilemmas facing the World Bank and the international community.  

PubMed

The World Bank is committed to "work[ing] with countries to improve the health, nutrition and population outcomes of the world's poor, and to protect[ing] the population from the impoverishing effects of illness, malnutrition and high fertility".(1) Ethical issues arise in the interpretation of these objectives and in helping countries formulate strategies and policies. It is these ethical issues--which are often not acknowledged by commentators--that are the subject of this paper. It asks why there should be a focus on the poor, and explores the link between improving the health of the poor, and reducing health inequalities between the poor and better-off. It discusses difficult ethical issues at both the global level (including debt relief and the link between country ownership and donor commitment) and the country level (including user fees and whether providing assistance to the non-poor may in the long run be a way of helping the poor). PMID:11479358

Wagstaff, A

2001-08-01

125

75 FR 53567 - Gulf of the Farallones, Monterey Bay and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries Technical...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Farallones, Monterey Bay and Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuaries...Farallones, Monterey Bay and Cordell Bank national marine sanctuaries...out to and around the Farallon Islands and nearshore waters (up to...NOAA established the Cordell Bank National Marine...

2010-09-01

126

The Philippine National Bank and Credit Inflation after World War I  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the mismanagement of the Philippine National Bank during the financial crisis of 1919-1922, with special reference to its extravagant commercial and industrial loans. First, it examines the financial condition of the Bank from about 1913 through the early 1920s against the background of the expansion of loan business and the export boom. Second, the Bank's role is

Yoshiko Nagano

2012-01-01

127

Security and Usability: The Gap in Real-World Online Banking  

E-print Network

with `peace of mind.' Although banks heavily advertise an apparent `100% online security guaran- tee that some marketing-related messages about safety and security actually mislead users. We are also' an hour and fifteen minutes (as advertised by one bank). However, the popu- larity of online banking has

Van Oorschot, Paul

128

Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB): A Comprehensive Collection of Geoscience Images Being Developed by the American Geological Institute  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although there are geoscience images available in numerous locations around the World Wide Web, there is no universal comprehensive digital archive where teachers, students, scientists, and the general public can gather images related to the Earth Sciences. To fill this need, the American Geological Institute (AGI) is developing the largest image database available: the Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB). The goal of ESWIB is to provide a variety of users with free access to high-quality geoscience images and technical art gathered from photographers, government organizations, and scientists. Each image is cataloged by location, author, image rights, and a detailed description of what the image shows. Additionally, images are cataloged using keywords from AGI's precise Georef indexing methodology. Students, teachers, and the general public can search or browse and download these images for use in slide show presentations, lectures, papers, or for other educational and outreach uses. This resource can be used for any age level, in any kind of educational venue. Users can also contribute images of their own to the database through the ESWIB website. AGI is scanning these images at a very high resolution (16 x 20 inches) and depending on the author's rights, is making high-resolution copies (digital or print) available for non-commercial and commercial purposes. This ImageBank is different from other photo sites available in that the scope has more breadth and depth than other image resources, and the images are cataloged with a very high grade of detail and precision, which makes finding needed images fast and easy. The image services offered by ESWIB are also unique, such as the low-cost commercial options and high quality image printouts. AGI plans on adding more features to ESWIB in the future, including connecting this resource to the up-coming online Glossary of Geology, a geospatial search option, using the images to make generic PowerPoint presentations that teachers can use and/or modify for their classes, lesson plans related to using the ImageBank, and a `photo of the day' section that will highlight a particular photo which stands out. AGI began work on this project in August of 2002 with the initial scanning and editing of images. ESWIB currently has over 1,300 images cataloged and searchable through the database homepage. In addition to the cataloged images, there are approximately 6,700 images waiting to be edited and cataloged, and over 10,000 images identified for submission at this point. AGI is constantly soliciting images in an attempt to expand the database. Through press releases, e-mail announcements, and our member societies, AGI publicized the launch of ESWIB in June of 2003. Since the launch, ESWIB has received over 300,000 image views as well as publicity in Space Daily, Russian and German news sites, various links through science websites, and most recently in Science Magazine's NetWatch section (August 29th, 2003).

Howe, A. W.; Keane, C. M.

2003-12-01

129

World bank EMCP malaria project in Orissa, India -- A field reality  

PubMed Central

Background: Under the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program, the Enhanced Malaria Control Project (EMCP) with World Bank assistance was implemented in India, in the eastern state of Orissa. Aims: This article tries to analyze the possible reasons for the poor performance of EMCP in a few states of India. Settings and Design: The eastern state of India is taken as a case study for looking into systemic, human resource, and logistics related issues that could explain the poor performance of EMCP in a few states of India. Materials and Methods: Field visits were made to some selected EMCP areas in the state of Orissa. Operational issues-related implementation of various components of the project were scrutinized. Statistical analysis: Not Applicable. Results: While the project was highly successful in a few states of India, it had limited success in some states. It was learnt that the honorarium meant for Fever Treatment depot [FTD] work was divided among all the malaria workers. In high-risk areas, presumptive radical treatment was being carried on by malaria workers for every case of fever. Using Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDTs) in such areas seemed to have no relevance. The laboratory technician ignored malaria work, due to a high work load and no additional incentive. In the Primary Health Centers (PHCs) the Medical officers had either not visited the village under indoor residual spray or symbolically visited only five to six houses. Cement tanks had to be built for larvivorus fish breeding. However, they had not been mad. Conclusions: The success of a public health program is dependent more on project implementation, management, monitoring, and evaluation of project activities than the volume of financial resource allocation. PMID:23507915

Patil, Rajan R; Kumar, Ravi K

2011-01-01

130

Designing for Discovery: Interactive Multimedia Learning Environments at Bank Street College. Technical Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses "multimedia" instruction as it applies to successful learning environments at Bank Street College of Education (New York), ranging from pre-electronic to electronic. In four of the interviews detailed, a Bank Street College professor, researcher, and two Bank Street School for Children teachers offer different perspectives…

Wilson, Kathleen; Tally, William

131

Investing in amnesia, or fantasy and forgetfulness in the World Bank's approach to healthcare reform in sub-Saharan Africa.  

PubMed

"Investing in Health," the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report, and a follow-up report, "Better Health in Africa," advocate investments in Third World health sectors as a means of increasing individual productivity and strengthening economic growth. Both reports maintain that structural adjustment policies have enhanced the physical health of low-income populations by improving the fiscal health of business elites. This essay critiques the World Bank's approach through a historical analysis of health care problems in sub-Saharan Africa with an emphasis on the devastating effects of colonialism, patriarchy, and imperialism. Although these documents contain many useful recommendations for Western donors (e.g., recognition of the destructive potential of alcohol and tobacco, the need for state regulation over key parts of the health sector, and the effects of gender on health status), they reflect an "investment in amnesia" regarding historical evidence on health care reform in Africa and an erroneous assumption that Western biomedicine is politically neutral. Foreign aid has tended to serve the needs of multinational corporations rather than African populations. Recommended, in place of structural adjustment policies, are measures such as a massive rebuilding of Africa's urban infrastructure, the enforcement of minimum wage laws, the preservation of ecosystems that supply traditional medicines, attention to the ecologic and health consequences of economic growth, and a feminist-led reproductive rights movement. PMID:12321262

Epprecht, M

1997-01-01

132

Promotion of Linkage between Technical and Vocational Education and the World of Work. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education, Number 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains seven papers about and from an international meeting on promoting linkage between technical and vocational education and the world of work. The first paper, a Final Report on the "International Expert Meeting on the Promotion of Linkage between Technical/Vocational Education and the World of Work (Tokyo, Japan, 3-6 February…

United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.

133

Japanese Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

How did the Japanese achieve their unrivalled position in world banking? This book provides the first full account in English of the banking industry in Japan for the century following the opening of the country to the outside world in 1859. Professor Tamaki begins by considering the period of experimentation during the Meiji Restoration which resulted in the adoption of

Norio Tamaki

134

The World Bank's Participatory Development Approach in the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) Paper for the Republic of Senegal: Rhetoric or Reality?  

E-print Network

. iv In memory of my beloved Mother Marieme Mbodji, who passed away while I was writing this thesis. May ALLAH bless her soul. v TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter One: Introduction...???????????..p.48 Chapter Four: The Participatory Approach in the 2007 CAS???????????.p.54 A. Country Economic, Political, and Social Profile?????????????...p.54 B. Poverty as Interpreted by Senegalese Citizens??????????????...p.58 C. The World Bank?s Role...

Ndiaye, Rokhaya

2009-12-18

135

76 FR 10516 - Transfer and Reorganization of Bank Secrecy Act Regulations-Technical Amendment.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of any bank, that makes a voluntary disclosure of any possible violation...any casino, that makes a voluntary disclosure of any possible violation...services business, that makes a voluntary disclosure of any possible...

2011-02-25

136

Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-069 Small-World Networks, Distributed Hash Tables and the e-Resource Discovery  

E-print Network

0 Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-069 Small-World Networks, Distributed Hash Tables as an overlay network superposed on the physical network structure of the Internet and World Wide Web. We small-world and scale-free properties - and oer some scalability ideas for future e-Science global

Hawick, Ken

137

profile: The Wold bank | 1 february 2013  

E-print Network

in the form of loans and grants, the bank also provides macroeconomic and financial analysis and adviceprofile: The Wold bank | 1 february 2013 About the World Bank as of 2012, the World bank. The World bank lending arms providing global health funding to governments are the International Bank

Klein, Ophir

138

An analysis of GAVI, the Global Fund and World Bank support for human resources for health in developing countries.  

PubMed

Shortages, geographic imbalances and poor performance of health workers pose major challenges for improving health service delivery in developing countries. In response, multilateral agencies have increasingly recognized the need to invest in human resources for health (HRH) to assist countries in achieving their health system goals. In this paper we analyse the HRH-related activities of three agencies: the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI); the Global Fund for Aids, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (the Global Fund); and the World Bank. First, we reviewed the type of HRH-related activities that are eligible for financing within each agency. Second, we reviewed the HRH-related activities that each agency is actually financing. Third, we reviewed the literature to understand the impact that GAVI, Global Fund and World Bank investments in HRH have had on the health workforce in developing countries. Our analysis found that by far the most common activity supported across all agencies is short-term, in-service training. There is relatively little investment in expanding pre-service training capacity, despite large health worker shortages in developing countries. We also found that the majority of GAVI and the Global Fund grants finance health worker remuneration, largely through supplemental allowances, with little information available on how payment rates are determined, how the potential negative consequences are mitigated, and how payments are to be sustained at the end of the grant period. Based on the analysis, we argue there is an opportunity for improved co-ordination between the three agencies at the country level in supporting HRH-related activities. Existing initiatives, such as the International Health Partnership and the Health Systems Funding Platform, could present viable and timely vehicles for the three agencies to implement this improved co-ordination. PMID:22333685

Vujicic, Marko; Weber, Stephanie E; Nikolic, Irina A; Atun, Rifat; Kumar, Ranjana

2012-12-01

139

Reforming Education in the Regions of Russia. World Bank Technical Paper No. 457.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After the breakup of the Soviet Union, reforms of Russia's educational system included rapid decentralization of responsibilities to the regions, but without commensurate transfer of resources or clarification of government roles and responsibilities. Problems were greatly worsened by the severe fiscal stringency of the 1990s. This paper examines…

Canning, Mary; Moock, Peter; Heleniak, Timothy

140

Vocational and Technical Education and Training. A World Bank Policy Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skilled workers are needed in developing countries to facilitate economic development and to respond to a changing economy. Training is often provided by private employers, but governments must continue to play a role to help train workers in companies too small to provide training, and because training benefits society in ways too remote for…

Middleton, John; And Others

141

Implementing Educational Policies in Tanzania. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 86. Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the three East African British colonies (Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania), Tanzania was the least well off at the time of independence in 1961. At that time, only 16,691 students were enrolled in secondary schools, and all general education at higher levels was provided outside the country. Thus, the goals of post-independence educational policy…

Galabawa, C. J.

142

Poverty and Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank Technical Paper No. 467.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the progress toward poverty reduction remains sluggish, other dimensions of social welfare in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region show signs of improvement. Adult literacy and school enrollment rates, life expectancy at birth, access to safe water, and nutrition indicators are improving. However, other factors demonstrate that…

Wodon, Quentin T.

143

77 FR 8877 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...committee management activities, for both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,...

2012-02-15

144

77 FR 5258 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...committee management activities, for both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and...

2012-02-02

145

Child Health in China. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 767.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing mainly Chinese publications, this paper reviews the existing data on childhood diseases in order to assess the health status and morbidity patterns of Chinese children. China's infant mortality rate is among the very lowest in the developing world. The number of post-neonatal deaths as a proportion of total infant deaths has decreased to…

Young, Mary E.; Prost, Andre

146

Closing the Gap in Education and Technology. World Bank Latin American and Caribbean Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document examines the gap between the Latin America and Caribbean region and the world's developed nations in the areas of education and technology. It also examines policies and strategies to close the gap. The following are among the specific topics discussed: (1) skills upgrading and innovation policies (the major actors; the role of…

de Ferranti, David; Perry, Guillermo E.; Gill, Indermit; Guasch, J. Luis; Maloney, William F.; Sanchez-Paramo, Carolina; Schady, Norbert

147

What Do People Think about Disabled Youth and Employment in Developed and Developing Countries? Results from an E-Discussion Hosted by the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even though there are good examples of people with disabilities mainstreamed in the labour market (Bruyere et al., 2004), the situation is still far from being positive, particularly when labour markets are in constant flux due to rapid globalization and technological change, unless new approaches are adopted. In light of this, the World Bank

Roggero, Paola; Tarricone, Rosanna; Nicoli, Marco; Mangiaterra, Viviana

2006-01-01

148

Experimenting in Distance Education: The African Virtual University (AVU) and the Paradox of the World Bank in Kenya--A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This rejoinder is in response to criticism against the African Virtual University (AVU), an internet-based education modality, by Amutabi and Oketch [2003. Experimenting in distance education: the African Virtual University (AVU) and the Paradox of World Bank in Kenya. International Journal of Educational Development 23, 57-73]. By closely…

Munene, Ishmael I.

2007-01-01

149

Comparison of EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), ILO (International Labour Organisation), and World Bank guidelines for risk identification, assessment, and management of chemical emergencies  

SciTech Connect

In the wake of the Bhopal accident, the US Environmental Protection Agency, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Bank have each issued guidelines for identification, assessment, and management of risks from major hazards at industrial facilities. These different approaches are compared in both theoretical and practical perspectives. 14 refs., 5 tabs.

Morris, S.C.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M.; Hamilton, L.D.

1986-11-01

150

Designing Agricultural Development Projects for the Small Scale Farmers: Some Lessons from the World Bank Assistance Small Holder Oil Palm Development Scheme in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study was carried out to investigate farmers reasons for intercropping their oil palm farms with food and other cash crops rather than the sole oil palm planting arrangement specified for participation in the World Bank Assistance Smallholder Oil Palm development project financed during the 1975-83 period. The study was conducted at the Ekuku-Agbor Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the

S. I. Orewa

2008-01-01

151

The Aftermath of the Withdrawal of the World Bank Counterpart Funding for the Ogun State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The involvement of the World Bank in the funding of the Nigerian Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) has shown that a properly functioning extension service with positively disposed government policy can help transform agriculture in the country. This study used data from ninety-six (96) farmers and sixteen (16) extension officers of the Ogun State ADP to examine the implications and aftermath

K. Adebayo; I. A. Idowu

2001-01-01

152

Executive Development Programs in Bangladesh. Phase I, Final Report. A Component of the World Bank/Bangladesh Management Education and Training Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With funding made available by the World Bank, activities were undertaken in Bangladesh to enhance business management education and training. A model for management development was explained and carried through with the Commerce Faculty of the University of Chittagong. Steps in the model were as follows: (1) analysis of the current status of…

McLean, Gary N.

153

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank Group, to members of its' board of executive directors or the countries they  

E-print Network

of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank Group, to members of its' board GeothermEx, Inc. Richmond, CA., USA e-mail: mw@geothermex.com 2 The World Bank Washington, D.C., USA e, that the resource base and well productivity are adequate and that the drilling cost per well is reasonable

Stanford University

154

Bank Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank Information Center (BIC) is a nonprofit, independent, non-governmental organization that "provides information and strategic support to NGOs and social movements throughout the world on the projects, policies and practices of the World Bank and other Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)." The organization's Website contains information about BIC's ongoing activities and offers useful publications and toolkits for those interested in and involved with MDBs. The Toolkits for Activists section includes fact sheets that explain the inner workings of the World Bank, covering topics such as basic information about the World Bank, the Country Assistance Strategy, World Bank policy framework, and information on World Bank's lending. Each fact sheet is available in both .pdf and HTML formats. The publications section offers a variety of resources including papers, case studies, and meeting reports, many of which are available online. Also provided are links to other monitoring organizations around the world and several online forums. An information services page will be added soon.

155

Natural gas in developing countries: Evaluating the benefits to the environment. World Bank discussion paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper describes the size of the natural gas resource in the developing countries, gives a broad indication of its costs, and outlines its main environmental benefits as an alternative fuel. It discusses the opportunities presented by new (and old) technology for using natural gas in an efficient way to reduce air pollution and relates that to recent developments in international concerns over the world's environment. The paper gives a perspective on the extent of flaring of natural gas in the petroleum industry and on the amount of emissions of the greenhouse gases of methane and carbon dioxide during production and use. It establishes a data source for many of the parameters necessary to derive both a country and a global perspective of the opportunities for natural gas.

Homer, J.

1993-01-01

156

Effects of the World Bank's maternal and child health intervention on Indonesia's poor: evaluating the safe motherhood project.  

PubMed

This article examines the impact of the World Bank's Safe Motherhood Project (SMP) on health outcomes for Indonesia's poor. Provincial data from 1990 to 2005 was analyzed combining a difference-in-differences approach in multivariate regression analysis with matching of intervention (SMP) and control group provinces and adjusting for possible confounders. Our results indicated that, after taking into account the impact of two other concurrent development projects, SMP was statistically significantly associated with a net beneficial change in under-five mortality, but not with infant mortality, total fertility rate, teenage pregnancy, unmet contraceptive need or percentage of deliveries overseen by trained health personnel. Unemployment and the pupil-teacher ratio were statistically significantly associated with infant mortality and percentage deliveries overseen by trained personnel, while pupil-teacher ratio and female education level were statistically significantly associated with under-five mortality. Clinically relevant changes (52-68% increase in the percentage of deliveries overseen by trained personnel, 25-33% decrease in infant mortality rate, and 8-14% decrease in under-five mortality rate) were found in both the intervention (SMP) and control groups. PMID:20619946

Baird, John; Ma, Steven; Ruger, Jennifer Prah

2011-06-01

157

Learning from All? The World Bank, Aid Agencies and the Construction of Hegemony in Education for Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the nature and quality of the participation that characterises the Bank's consultations with external actors and examines the extent to which the Bank is responsive to such feedback when it comes to defining its policy preferences and strategies in the education domain. It draws on a case study of the participatory process…

Verger, Antoni; Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Altinyelken, Hulya Kosar

2014-01-01

158

World Development Report 2005  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This annual report released by the World Bank draws on surveys of over 30,000 firms in 53 developing countries, along with various country case studies sponsored by the World Bank. Released in September 2004, the 288-page report highlights opportunities to improve its investment climates by expanding the opportunities and incentives for firms of all types. Throughout its rather broad scope, the report suggests that governments remove barriers to competition, along with placing a premium on delivering the basic foundations for increased investment, such as creating a stable infrastructure and securing property rights. The report also details what the international community can do to assist in this long-term process and also provides some helpful indicators of world development, along with technical and methodological notes. It is worth noting that the report is available in a number of different languages.

159

Overview of US AID-World Bank-NASA Collaboration to Address Water Management Issues in the MENA Region  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The World Bank, USAID and NASA have recently established a joint project to study multiple issues pertaining to water related applications in the Middle East North Africa (MENA) region. The main concentration of the project is on utilization of remote sensing data and hydrological models to address crop irrigation and mapping, flood mapping and forecasting, evapotranspiration and drought problems prevalent in this large geographic area. Additional emphases are placed on understanding the climate impact on these areas as well. Per IPCC 2007 report, by the end of this century MENA region is projected to experience an increase of 3 C to 5 C rise in mean temperatures and a 20% decline in precipitation. This poses a serious problem for this geographic zone especially when majority of the hydrological consumption is for the agriculture sector and the remaining amount is for domestic consumption. The remote sensing data from space is one of the best ways to study such complex issues and further feed into the decision support systems. NASA's fleet of Earth Observing satellites offer a great vantage point from space to look at the globe and provide vital signs necessary to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystem. These observations generate multiple products such as soil moisture, global precipitation, aerosols, cloud cover, normalized difference vegetation index, land cover/use, ocean altimetry, ocean salinity, sea surface winds, sea surface temperature, ozone and atmospheric gases, ice and snow measurements, and many more. All of the data products, models and research results are distributed-via the Internet freely through out the world. This project will utilize several NASA models such as global Land Data Assimilation System (LDAS) to generate hydrological states and fluxes in near real time. These LDAS products will then be further compared with other NASA satellite observations (MODIS, VIIRS, TRMM, etc.) and other discrete models to compare and optimize evapotranspiration, soil moisture and crop irrigation, droUght assessment and water balance. The floods being a critical disaster in many of the MENA countries, NASA's global flood mapping and modeling framework (CREST) will be customized for country specific needs and delivered to the remote sensing organizations for their future use. Finally, capacity building is a critical part of this project and NASA will assist in this effort as well.

Habib, Shahid

2012-01-01

160

Technology, Science, Physics and Culture: Scientific View of the World as a Non-technical Subject in Engineering Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that technology stems from science, and science represents important and specific values in the whole of culture. Such topics can contribute to educating the whole and balanced engineer. Describes a course taught at the Czech Technical University in Prague on the scientist's understanding of the world. (Author/PVD)

Jelen, Josef

1997-01-01

161

The IAEA technical cooperation programme and nuclear medicine in the developing world: objectives, trends, and contributions.  

PubMed

The International Atomic Energy Agency's technical cooperation (TC) programme helps Member States in the developing world with limited infrastructure and human resource capacity to harness the potential of nuclear technologies in meeting socioeconomic development challenges. As a part of its human health TC initiatives, the Agency, through the TC mechanism, has the unique role of promoting nuclear medicine applications of fellowships, scientific visits, and training courses, via technology procurement, and in the past decade has contributed nearly $54 million through 180 projects in supporting technology procurement and human resource capacity development among Member States from the developing world (low- and middle-income countries). There has been a growing demand in nuclear medicine TC, particularly in Africa and ex-Soviet Union States where limited infrastructure presently exists, based on cancer and cardiovascular disease management projects. African Member States received the greatest allocation of TC funds in the past 10 years dedicated to building new or rehabilitating obsolete nuclear medicine infrastructure through procurement support of single-photon emission computed tomography machines. Agency support in Asia and Latin America has emphasized human resource capacity building, as Member States in these regions have already acquired positron emission tomography and hybrid modalities (positron emission tomography/computed tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography) in their health systems. The strengthening of national nuclear medicine capacities among Member States across different regions has enabled stronger regional cooperation among developing countries who through the Agency's support and within the framework of regional cooperative agreements are sharing expertise and fostering the sustainability and productive integration of nuclear medicine within their health systems. PMID:23561454

Casas-Zamora, Juan Antonio; Kashyap, Ridhi

2013-05-01

162

76 FR 27648 - World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program Scientific...announces the establishment of the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program Scientific...Designated Federal Officer, World Trade Center Health Program...

2011-05-12

163

78 FR 40152 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee; Nominations of Candidates  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific...of Candidates to Serve on the World Trade Center Health Program Scientific...nominations for membership on the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program...

2013-07-03

164

An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an assessment of biofuel use and agricultural field burning in the developing world. We used information from government statistics, energy assessments from the World Bank, and many technical reports, as well as from discussions with experts in agronomy, forestry, and agro-industries. We estimate that 2060 Tg biomass fuel was used in the developing world in 1985; of this,

Rosemarie Yevich; Jennifer A. Logan

2003-01-01

165

An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world  

Microsoft Academic Search

(1) We present an assessment of biofuel use and agricultural field burning in the developing world. We used information from government statistics, energy assessments from the World Bank, and many technical reports, as well as from discussions with experts in agronomy, forestry, and agro-industries. We estimate that 2060 Tg biomass fuel was used in the developing world in 1985; of

Rosemarie Yevich; Jennifer A. Logan

2002-01-01

166

Central Banking Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Central Banks of the World is a pointers page to central banks and central bank information for over 45 countries, as well as multilateral financial institutions, research and training establishments, and conference information. To show how little is generally known about the history of central banking in the United States, this site includes an email message sent to the webmaster of the First Bank of the United States, promoting a certain software company's web interactivity applications. Of course, since the First Bank of the United States was closed in 1811, its web site is primarily historical. The Central Banks site lists over 30 Internet directories and pointers pages that list the First Bank of the United States as a functioning financial institution. To help remedy this situation, the site includes a pointer to a brief history of banking in the US.

1996-01-01

167

Jeffrey Sachs: How I'd fix the World Bank -Jun. 26, 2007 1 SAVE THIS | EMAIL THIS | Close  

E-print Network

not to dream about achieving the goals, since the managers don't want to be responsible for ambitious targets's governments. American conservatives cheered, as this crusade played to their prejudices about the bank of technology. When poor American farmers lacked electricity, the U.S. established the Rural Electrification

168

Focusing on quality and need. The World Bank Health, Nutrition and Population sector has been reforming itself to better meet the needs of its clients - the people and governments of the countries it serves.  

PubMed

This article summarizes reforms made in the World Bank's Health, Nutrition, and Population (HNP) sector. The Bank's involvement with population issues dates back to the 1970s. The Bank has been justifiably criticized for ignoring programs that deliver social services to the world's poorest and neediest groups. The criticisms and reorganization within the Bank has led to a revision of program support and development strategies. The World Bank has been influenced by at least 4 major world conferences. The new Bank strategy builds upon its own strengths, its range of ministries, and the ICPD Plan of Action at the service delivery level and through broader population policy development. Programs aim to improve the HNP outcomes of the poor, enhance the performance of health care systems, and secure sustainable health care financing. Country assistance strategies (CAS) should be sensitive to the nature of the demographic transition (Bongaarts models) underway, the government's commitment to reform, and the priorities voiced by participants in CAS. CAS is based on the principle that public sector programs must benefit the poorest, cost effectiveness, greater impact on quality of projects, and partnerships with international aid agencies, such as the North-South Partnership in Population and Reproductive Health. Every country is unique and has its own set of obstacles. A country with more rapid demographic transition offers a larger window of opportunity for intervention, but a shorter time for changing aid structures. Aid structure and demographic change are sometimes more important than population size. PMID:12294062

Merrick, T

1998-01-01

169

Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-002 Managing Community Membership Information in a Small-World Grid  

E-print Network

. The number of resources available on a world-wide grid is set to grow exponentially in much the same way as the number of static web pages on the WWW. We observe that the world-wide resource discovery problem can of the world-wide grid potentially number in the billions making dense solutions completely intractable

Hawick, Ken

170

Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.  

PubMed

This paper explores the socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries. The opening sections explain the historical origins of structural adjustment programs and their characteristics. Structural adjustment programs undermine the social fabric of many developing countries, and potentially promote behaviors which place people at increased risk of HIV infection. The authors discuss the declining sustainability of the rural subsistence economy, development of a transportation infrastructure, migration and urbanization, and reductions in spending on health and social services. Social and economic interventions are needed to stem the spread of HIV and care for those who are already infected. While a substantial amount of biomedical research has been conducted, socioeconomic aspects of the AIDS epidemic have often been ignored. For HIV transmission in developing countries to be substantially reduced, economic policies which may have promoted the spread of disease must be modified. An alternative development strategy consists of satisfying people's basic human needs, shifting from an export-driven economy to diversified agricultural production in the interest of securing regional self-sufficiency, supporting marginal producers and subsistence farmers, and placing greater emphasis upon human resource development in developing countries. Moreover, the IMF and World Bank need to change their policy to one which is truly about cooperative development, while the charters of the IMF and World Bank need to be altered to permit the cancellation or rescheduling of debt. These institutions should also play a leading role in the restructuring of debt owed to private lenders. PMID:7662190

Lurie, P; Hintzen, P; Lowe, R A

1995-06-01

171

Evaluating Anti-Corruption InitiativesUnderlying Logic and MidTerm Impact of a World Bank Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a mid-term evaluation of the impact of a recent anticorruption program developed by the Bank's Economic Development Institute (EDI). Central in EDI's approach is helping to develop and\\/or reinvigorate a country's National Integrity System (NIS). Integrity pillars, amongst others, are administrative reforms, watchdog agencies, Parliament, civil society, public awareness, the judiciary, the media and political will.The

Frans L. Leeuw; GÈR H. C. Van Gils; Cora Kreft

1999-01-01

172

The Internet as a Reference Tool: Accessing Scientific and Technical Information via the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Los Alamos National Laboratory's Research Library has developed a World Wide Web (WWW) page to allow laboratory staff, as well as individuals from around the world, access to information via the Internet. While many Web pages offer information solely on the organization, the Los Alamos National Laboratory page provides links to reference materials…

Mosier, Mona L.

173

Secondary Education in Africa: Strategies for Renewal. World Bank Presentations at the UNESCO/BREDA-World Bank Regional Workshop on the Renewal of Secondary Education in Africa (Mauritius, Africa, December 2001). Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 3 decades secondary education has become universal in most industrialized countries. Sub-Saharan African countries face special challenges to benefit from this international trend. The gap between these countries and the rest of the world in coverage, quality, and relevance of secondary education is widening. To address these…

Mastri, Lawrence, Ed.

174

Core 4: Image Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Image Bank supplements the coursework for Core 4: The Shaping of the Modern World, an introductory course offered by the History Department of Brooklyn College. The Image Bank indexes numerous historical images spanning from the Scientific Revolution to the present. The images are divided into eight major topic indexes: Ancien Regime and Critics; Age of Revolutions; Industry and Society; Liberalism and Nationalism; Varieties of Imperialism; The World Turned Upside Down; Fascism, Depression & WWII; and, The World Since 1945. Indexes for major topics contain clustered subtopics, allowing users to locate relevant images quickly. This Image Bank presents students and educators with a valuable, visual method for understanding Modern Western History.

175

Designing Technical Action Research and Generalizing from Real-World Cases  

E-print Network

is technical action research (TAR), which is an action case in which the researcher tests a technique by using it in practice [1]. For example, the researcher may have developed a new technique for effort estimation for ERP implementations. In a TAR project, the researcher joins an ERP implementation project and then uses this technique

Wieringa, Roel

176

Entering the World of Work: A Curriculum for Two-Year Technical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that students in two-year technical programs need courses that train them in job and job-hunting skills. The transition from school to work can be difficult, and a job-skills class can prepare them for some of the changes inherent in the process. Itemizes job search strategies. (NB)

McClung, Xavier V.

2002-01-01

177

World Development Sources (WDS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

World Development Sources is the "digital repository" of World Bank documents. It houses a searchable database of development-related reports produced since 1988 by the World Bank. These include Staff Appraisal Reports (SARs), World Bank President's Reports and Memoranda, Economic and Sector Work, Evaluation Reports and Studies, and Global Environment Facility (GEF) and Montreal Protocol Project documents. It also contains working papers and publications produced by the World Bank since 1993. All of these papers can be viewed online using the TMS Sequoia plug-in (available at the site for Windows and Macintosh).

1997-01-01

178

Sherman Fairchild Library: Technical Reports in the New World by Kimberly Douglas  

E-print Network

alternately challenged or champi- oned depending on one's perspec- tive of how the internet optimizes sharing with everyone else, is shifting from a printing-press cul- ture to one dominated by the global computer internet collections of jour- nal articles over the internet. It was the creation of the world wide web that made

179

An Atlas of Nuclear Energy. A Non-Technical World Portrait of Commercial Nuclear Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This atlas is a nontechnical presentation of the geography and history of world commercial nuclear power with particular emphasis on the United States. Neither pro- nor antinuclear, it presents commercial nuclear power data in a series of specially prepared, easily read maps, tables, and text. The first section (United States) includes information…

Ball, John M.

180

Social reporting by islamic banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last thirty years have witnessed the appearance and rapid expansion of Islamic banking both inside and outside the Islamic world. Islamic banks provide financial products that do not violate Sharia, the Islamic law of human conduct. The Islamic principles upon which the banks claim to operate give an important role to social issues. Applying these principles, we develop a

Bassam Maali; Peter Casson; Christopher Napier

2006-01-01

181

Joint US/UK Epoch World Magnetic Model 1995. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a detailed summary of the data used, analyses performed, modeling techniques employed, and results obtained during the course of the 1995 Epoch World Magnetic Modeling effort. This report also contains the GEOMAG algorithm and describes its uses and limitations. Charts derived from the WMM-95 model and the GEOMAG algorithm for both the main geomagnetic field components and their secular variations are presented on Mercator and polar stereographic projections. Additionally, the numerical values of the main geomagnetic field components and their secular variations are tabulated on a 5-degree worldwide grid.

Quinn, J.M.; Coleman, R.J.; Shiel, D.L.

1995-04-01

182

Hybrid imaging worldwide-challenges and opportunities for the developing world: a report of a Technical Meeting organized by IAEA.  

PubMed

The growth in nuclear medicine, in the past decade, is largely due to hybrid imaging, specifically single-photon emission tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Introduction and use of hybrid imaging has been growing at a fast pace. This has led to many challenges and opportunities to the personnel dealing with it. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) keeps a close watch on the trends in applications of nuclear techniques in health by many ways, including obtaining inputs from member states and professional societies. In 2012, a Technical Meeting on trends in hybrid imaging was organized by IAEA to understand the current status and trends of hybrid imaging using nuclear techniques, its role in clinical practice, and associated educational needs and challenges. Perspective of scientific societies and professionals from all the regions of the world was obtained. Heterogeneity in value, educational needs, and access was noted and the drivers of this heterogeneity were discussed. This article presents the key points shared during the technical meeting, focusing primarily on SPECT-CT and PET-CT, and shares the action plan for IAEA to deal with heterogeneity as suggested by the participants. PMID:23561459

Kashyap, Ravi; Dondi, Maurizio; Paez, Diana; Mariani, Guliano

2013-05-01

183

Determinants of behavioral intention to mobile banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the improvement of mobile technologies and devices, banking users are able to conduct banking services at anyplace and at anytime. Recently, many banks in the world have provided mobile access to financial information. The reason to understand what factors contribute to users’ intention to use mobile banking is important issue of research. The purpose of this research is to

Ja-chul Gu; Sang-chul Lee; Yung-Ho Suh

2009-01-01

184

Medical Laboratory Technician--Hematology, Serology, Blood Banking & Immunohematology, 10-4. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course, the third of three courses in the medical laboratory technician field adapted from military curriculum materials for use in vocational and technical education, was designed as a refresher course for student self-study and evaluation. It is suitable for use by advanced students or beginning students participating in a supervised…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

185

Changing Patterns of Spatial Clustering of Schistosomiasis in Southwest China between 1999-2001 and 2007-2008: Assessing Progress toward Eradication after the World Bank Loan Project  

PubMed Central

We compared changes in the spatial clustering of schistosomiasis in Southwest China at the conclusion of and six years following the end of the World Bank Loan Project (WBLP), the control strategy of which was focused on the large-scale use of chemotherapy. Parasitological data were obtained through standardized surveys conducted in 1999–2001 and again in 2007–2008. Two alternate spatial cluster methods were used to identify spatial clusters of cases: Anselin’s Local Moran’s I test and Kulldorff’s spatial scan statistic. Substantial reductions in the burden of schistosomiasis were found after the end of the WBLP, but the spatial extent of schistosomiasis was not reduced across the study area. Spatial clusters continued to occur in three regions: Chengdu Plain, Yangtze River Valley, and Lancang River Valley during the two periods, and regularly involved five counties. These findings suggest that despite impressive reductions in burden, the hilly and mountainous regions of Southwest China remain at risk of schistosome re-emergence. Our results help to highlight specific locations where integrated control programs can focus to speed the elimination of schistosomiasis in China. PMID:24394217

Hu, Yi; Xiong, Chenglong; Zhang, Zhijie; Luo, Can; Cohen, Ted; Gao, Jie; Zhang, Lijuan; Jiang, Qingwu

2014-01-01

186

The New Worlds Observer: scientific and technical advantages of external occulters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Perhaps the most compelling piece of science and exploration now under discussion for future space missions is the direct study of planets circling other stars. Indirect means have established planets as common in the universe but have given us a limited view of their actual characteristics. Direct observation holds the potential to map entire planetary systems, view newly forming planets, find Earth-like planets and perform photometry to search for major surface features. Direct observations will also enable spectroscopy of exoplanets and the search for evidence of simple life in the universe. Recent advances in the design of external occulters - starshades that block the light from the star while passing exoplanet light - have lowered their cost and improved their performance to the point where we can now envision a New Worlds Observer that is both buildable and affordable with today's technology. In this paper we explore the comparison of scientific capability of external occulters relative to indirect means and to internal coronagraph missions. We conclude that external occulters logically provide the architecture for the next space mission for exoplanet studies.

Cash, W.; Oakley, P.; Turnbull, M.; Glassman, T.; Lo, A.; Polidan, R.; Kilston, S.; Noecker, C.

2008-07-01

187

The Condition of Young Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Convergence of Health, Nutrition, and Early Education. World Bank Technical Paper No. 326, Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Sub-Saharan Africa, severe adverse conditions have placed children at high risk: persistent and worsening poverty, rapid economic change and population growth, increasing urbanization, a changing family structure, growing numbers of orphaned refugees, and displaced women and children from internal civil strife. These conditions make a viable…

Colletta, Nat J.; And Others

188

Long-Term Monitoring at the East and West Flower Garden Banks, 2004-2005 - Interim Report. Volume 1: Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Flower Garden Banks, located 110 miles from shore in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico, form part of a discontinuous arc of reef environments along the edge of the outer continental shelf. These coral reef banks are the largest charted calcareous banks ...

B. Zimmer, K. J. P. Deslarzes, L. Duncan, M. L. Robbart, R. B. Aronson, W. F. Precht

2008-01-01

189

Designing Agricultural Development Projects for the Small Scale Farmers: Some Lessons from the World Bank Assistance Small Holder Oil Palm Development Scheme in Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study was carried out to investigate farmers reasons for intercropping their oil palm farms with food and other cash crops rather than the sole oil palm planting arrangement specified for participation in the World Bank Assistance Smallholder Oil Palm development project financed during the 1975-83 period. The study was conducted at the Ekuku-Agbor Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the East) and Mosogar Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the Southwest) of the old Bendel State of Nigeria. A total of 35 oil palm farmers were randomly selected from each zone for the study. The study tried to identify the size of oil palm cultivated, types of food and cash crops planted and the proportion consumed and sold and the sufficiency of labour for various farm activities. The study showed that the average oil palm farm size at Ekuku-Agbor zone was smaller (about 1.57 ha) and more fragmented while for Mosogar zone it was 2.28 ha. However a greater percentage (over 65%) of the farms at both locations were within 0.01-2.00 ha farm size range which could be said to be relatively small. The study revealed that among other factors the farmers desire to ensure adequate family food needs which equates to food security and some cash to meet regular family financial needs necessitated their intercropping of the oil palm farms. Others include the need to maximize the returns from the use of labour which they considered a major limiting factor in farm maintenance and to take advantage of the relative high unit price of cassava and its products that prevailed then by cultivating on any available land space including the palm plantations and thereby increasing their farm income.

Orewa, S. I.

190

77 FR 14017 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program Administrator...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program,...

2012-03-08

191

76 FR 81947 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program Administrator...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program,...

2011-12-29

192

Tumour Banking: The Spanish Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade the technical advances in high throughput techniques to analyze DNA, RNA and proteins have had a potential major impact on prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of many human diseases. Key pieces in this process, mainly thinking about the future, are tumour banks and tumour bank networks. To face these challenges, diverse suitable models and designs can

M. M. Morente; E. de Alava; P. L. Fernandez

2007-01-01

193

World Bank PovertyNet  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

PovertyNet, an important resource center for researchers and activists working to understand and alleviate poverty, contains several other, though more general, topic sections; a library of research papers and reports; occasional special features; datasets; a newsletter; and a Web Guide on Poverty.

194

For Further Information Contact Tresa Banks-Lewis, Internship Coordinator  

E-print Network

Driftwood Gulf Coast Bank W Hotel New Orleans Harrah's Casino Walt Disney World Hilton New Orleans Weddings In Style Magazine Jefferson Financial Where Y'at Magazine World Trade Center Whitney National Bank Keating

Li, X. Rong

195

Featured Research: Bank of America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank of America has made available its collection of economic and technical research reports. The reports include a weekly economic briefing on the US economy, a survey of Wall Street economists, an analysis of payroll employment and CPI; and occasional reports on business and economics. Bank of America also provides a weekly international economic briefing; a technical analyses of the yen, mark and pound exchange rates; and the Stock and Bond Investment Overview & Strategy.

1999-01-01

196

Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-006 Fast Monte Carlo Algorithms on Re-Wired Small-World Spin Models  

E-print Network

and phase transitional behaviour in small-world systems is to simulate known models on grids and networks the critical and phase transitional behaviour in small-world systems is to simulate known models on grids Carlo approaches. Keywords: Monte Carlo; dynamics; small-world; network; Ising. 1 Introduction Complex

Hawick, Ken

197

Equilibrium analysis, banking, contagion and financial fragility  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a general equilibrium model of an economy with incomplete markets (GEI) with money and default is examined. The model is a simplified version of the real world consisting of a non-bank private sector, banks, a central bank, a government and a regulator. It is used to analyse actions by policy-makers and to identify policy relevant empirical work.

Dimitrios P. Tsomocos

2003-01-01

198

Central Bank Communication and Policy Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

A notable change in central banking over the past 15 years has been a world-wide movement toward increased communication by central banks about their policy decisions, the targets that they seek to achieve through those decisions, and the central bank's view of the economy's likely future evolution. This paper considers the role of such communication in the successful conduct of

Michael Woodford

2005-01-01

199

Omega Data Bank Report (Spring through Fall 1980).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Bank for Airborne Omega Data continued operation at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Center. This report, issued by the Data Bank, is based upon 427 flight data hours covering flights in the North Atlantic, parts of th...

T. J. Turnock, L. I. Rzonca

1982-01-01

200

Computational Science Technical Note CSTN-014 Computational Data Structures for Lattice-Based Small-World Simulations  

E-print Network

out a set of extensive simulation studies of stochastically generated small-world systems. We report studies of stochastically generated small-world systems. We report on the data structures, memory and run; graph model; complex net- work 1. INTRODUCTION Custom-written computer simulation programs provide

Hawick, Ken

201

Bank Mergers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News exaimnes the recent flurry of merger activities in the banking sector. The ten resources discussed provide the details of the recent three big banking mergers and the likely effects on efficiency, lending and consumers. On April 6, 1998, Citibank, the second largest bank in America, announced that it will be merging with Travelers Group, a large financial services firm, in a deal worth $80 billion -- the largest merger deal ever. Only a week later, BankAmerica announced it would merge with NationsBank to create the first coast-to-coast bank in America, in a deal worth $60 billion. The third deal took place on the same day, when First Chicago NBD and Banc One announced they will be merging in a deal valued at $30 billion.

Ng, Thiam H.

202

Bridging the Gap between the Technical Communication Classroom and the Internship: Teaching Social Consciousness and Real-World Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Service-learning projects and traditional internships both prepare the student of technical communication for the workforce in many ways. What is lacking in the scholarship is a discussion of how to successfully link these two ideas. To help teachers implement courses that bridge the gap between service-learning projects and internships, I discuss…

Bourelle, Tiffany

2012-01-01

203

38 CFR 11.81 - Rediscounts with Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Certificates Under Section 502 of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act...Federal Reserve Banks. Upon the endorsement of any bank, which...discount or rediscount is a member of the Federal Reserve System and whether or not it...

2011-07-01

204

38 CFR 11.81 - Rediscounts with Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Certificates Under Section 502 of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act...Federal Reserve Banks. Upon the endorsement of any bank, which...discount or rediscount is a member of the Federal Reserve System and whether or not it...

2013-07-01

205

38 CFR 11.81 - Rediscounts with Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Certificates Under Section 502 of the World War Adjusted Compensation Act...Federal Reserve Banks. Upon the endorsement of any bank, which...discount or rediscount is a member of the Federal Reserve System and whether or not it...

2012-07-01

206

Goals Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goals bank is one of a number of support services currently being developed by the Rhode Island Department of Education to help school districts begin implementing the Local Planning and Assessment Process. The bank was designed to mark out general areas, to describe what a goal looks like, and to present the reader with a multitude of…

Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence. Bureau of Technical Assistance.

207

Multimedia Courseware Development for World Heritage Sites and Its Trial Integration into Instruction in Higher Technical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on creative ways of using technology in the classroom, specifically the development of multimedia courseware on World Heritage through which learners are able to upgrade their knowledge and cognition regarding historical and cultural legacies from the past, and to improve English skills. The content of the pilot courseware…

Tsai, Shu-Chiao

2011-01-01

208

Occupational Task Analyses for the Development of Business Education Model Curricula with Emphasis on Banking and Financial Occupations. State Technical Committee Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, prepared for the Delaware State Board of Education and the State Department of Public Instruction, is intended to assist individuals developing curricula to prepare students for entry-level positions in various banking and financial occupations. It is divided into three sections, each of which consists of a cross-referenced listing of…

Delaware State Board for Vocational Education, Milford.

209

Estimating the technical and scale efficiency of Greek commercial banks: The impact of credit risk, off-balance sheet activities, and international operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses data envelopment analysis (DEA) to investigate the efficiency of the Greek commercial banking industry over the period 2000–2004. Our results indicate that the inclusion of loan loss provisions as an input increases the efficiency scores, but off-balance sheet items do not have a significant impact. The differences between the efficiency scores obtained through the profit-oriented and the

Fotios Pasiouras

2008-01-01

210

Armenia: Restructuring To Sustain Universal General Education. World Bank Technical Paper No. 498. Europe and Central Asia Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before the break-up of the Soviet Union, Armenia had a highly developed and expensive education system, matching the needs of the command economy. The government is now facing an enormous challenge to sustain universal coverage and performance standards in primary-secondary education with a small fraction of the former budget, while reorienting…

Perkins, Gillian; Yemtsov, Ruslan

211

Third World debts  

SciTech Connect

World oil prices are responsible for new concerns about the health of the international banking system, particularly the $60 billion in annual deficits of the developing countries. If the banks continue lending money to these countries in hopes of repayment in better times, they could jeopardize their financial position; but if they stop the loans, they will jeopardize repayment of the present debts. High US interest rates, heavy goods and technology, economic sanctions imposed by the US in response to Russia's invasion of Afghanistan, and the unregulated Eurocurrency market have contributed to the problem. No one knows how great a loss the capital markets can sustain and still survive. New banking arrangements by the World Bank and other institutions are still unproven. 19 references. (DCK)

Sweet, W.

1980-07-25

212

Branch Banking, Bank Competition, and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often argued that branching stabilizes banking systems by facilitating diversification of bank portfolios; however, previous empirical research on the Great Depression offers mixed support for this view. Analyses using state-level data find that states allowing branch banking had lower failure rates, while those examining individual banks find that branch banks were more likely to fail. We argue that

Mark Carlson; Kris James Mitchener

2005-01-01

213

Branch Banking, Bank Competition, and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is often argued that branching stabilizes banking systems by facilitating diversification of bank portfolios; however, previous empirical research on the Great Depression offers mixed support for this view. Using data on national banks from the 1920s and 1930s, we show that branch banking raises the level of competition and increases exit from the banking system. This consolidation strengthens the

Mark Carlson; Kris James Mitchener

2006-01-01

214

Women's water polo world championships: technical and tactical aspects of winning and losing teams in close and unbalanced games.  

PubMed

This study aimed to compare the technical and tactical aspects between winning and losing teams in close (i.e., 1-3 goals of difference) and unbalanced (i.e., >3 goals of difference) elite women's water polo games. A notational analysis was performed on 45 games to evaluate occurrence of action, mean duration, action outcome, origin and execution of shot, offensive and defensive role, and arrangement of even, counterattack, power play, and transition situations. Independent 2-sided t-tests were applied to show differences (p < 0.05) between teams. Regarding close games, effects emerged for action outcome (counterattack: lost possessions; power play: goals, no goal shots), origin (even: zone 1, zone 4; counterattack: zone 1, zone 5) and execution (even: off-the-water shots; counterattack: shots after > than 2 fakes; power play: drive shots) of shots, offensive even arrangements (6 vs. 6/5 vs. 5; 2 vs. 2/1 vs. 1), and role. Regarding unbalanced games, differences emerged for the occurrence of action (even, counterattack), duration (even; power play), action outcome (even: goals, penalties; counterattack: goals, no goal shots, penalties; power play: goals, no goal shots; transition: lost possessions), origin (even: zone 2, zone 4; counterattack: zone 5) and execution (even: free throws, drive shots; counterattack: drive shots, shots after > 2 fakes; power play: drive shots, shots after 1 fake) of shots; offensive even arrangements (2 vs. 2/1 vs. 1), and role; and defensive even arrangements (pressing, zones 1-2, zone M, zones 2-3-4). Differences between close and unbalanced games underlining that water polo performance should be analyzed in relation to specific margins of victory. Therefore, water polo coaches and physical trainers can plan a sound training session according to the most important aspects of close (opponent's exclusion, center forward play, and power play actions) and unbalanced (defensive skills) games. PMID:23588481

Lupo, Corrado; Condello, Giancarlo; Capranica, Laura; Tessitore, Antonio

2014-01-01

215

The technical basis for air pathway assessment of resuspended radioactive aerosols: LLNL experiences at seven sites around the world  

SciTech Connect

There is a large uncertainty in quantifying the inhalation pathway and the aerosol emission rate in human health assessments of radioactive-contamination sites. The need for site-specific assessments led to formation of our team of specialists at LLNL, who have participated in numerous field campaigns around the world. Our goal was to obtain all the information necessary for determining potential human exposures and to estimate source terms for turbulent transport of the emissions during both normal and disturbed soil conditions. That is, measurements were made of the key variables to quantify the suspended aerosols at the actual contamination sites, but different scenarios for habitation, site management, and site cleanup were included. The most notable locations of these site-investigations were the Marshall Islands (Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap), Nevada Test Site (GMX, Little Feller, Palanquin, and Plutonium Valley), Tonopah (Nevada--site of Roller Coaster), Savannah River Lab (South Carolina--H-Area site), Johnston Island (cleanup of rocket-impact site), Chernobyl (Ukraine--grass field end sandy beach sites near Nuclear Power Plant Unit 4), and Palomares (Spain--site of aircraft accident). This discussion will review the variables quantified, methods developed, general results, uncertainty of estimations, and recommendations for future research that are a result of our experience in these field studies.

Shinn, J.H.

1993-09-01

216

THE INFLUENCE OF ISLAMIC BANKING ON AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SUDAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islamic banking is a relatively new and rapidly growing phenomenon, particularly in the Muslim world. Islamic banking prohibits all kinds of financial transactions based on interest. Its primary approach to financing is the mudaraba profit-loss contract, where the financing partner, the bank, and the entrepreneurial partner, the individual seeking investment capital, share profit as mutually agreed upon. In the case

Muhammad Ali Alula Al-Hashimi

1989-01-01

217

The World Report on Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Report on Disability, a joint endeavor of the World Health Organization and the World Bank, launched in June 2011, is an astonishing achievement that will set the standard for disability studies research for evidence-informed policy for years to come. The product of collaborative and participatory work between organizations of persons…

Bickenbach, Jerome

2011-01-01

218

Learning to Do: Values for Learning and Working Together in a Globalized World. An Integrated Approach to Incorporating Values Education in Technical and Vocational Education and Training. UNESCO-APNIEVE Sourcebook No. 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new Sourcebook provides information on how to teach values for learning and working together in a globalized world. It is designed for educators and trainers of technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Its emphasis is on the integrated development of the whole person within the context of lifelong learning and TVET, in…

Quisumbing, Lourdes R., Ed.; de Leo, Joy, Ed.

2005-01-01

219

Quality issues in tissue banking: quality management systems - a review.  

PubMed

The situation in tissue banking changed radically and fundamentally at the beginning of the 1990s. The essential causes are on the one hand, the continually increasing demand for human cells and tissue and other biological material for clinical use and research, and on the other hand, the rapid progress in the medical, technical and natural sciences. Biotechnology in particular, has profited from this. Modern tissue banks could no longer be imagined without its methods.A consequence of these developments and a prerequisite for the fulfilment of the derived requirements is the necessity for national and international cooperation as well as the harmonisation of ethical principles and quality assurance standards and regulations (von Versen (1999) Ann Chir Gynaecol 88: 215-220). The introduction of an all-encompassing Quality Management System (QMS) is a suitable instrument for this purpose.After the presentation of explanations and definitions of quality terminology, this article describes the use of the international standard ISO 9000 as a general QMS, which embraces both the specific methodology as well as the general aspects of Quality Management (research and development, design control, education and training, documentation, traceability, management control, corrective action, etc.) in tissue banking. The individual elements of this system are explained and selected examples are described. The authors look upon this QMS as an indispensable instrument for harmonisation and international cooperation in tissue banking.Finally, the use of such a standard would be a positive sign to the regulatory authorities and the public that tissue banking is making a visible effort to introduce a world-class QMS in its operations. PMID:15256944

Von Versen, R; Mönig, H J; Salai, M; Bettin, D

2000-01-01

220

Misteriosa Bank  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This SeaWiFS view shows the Misteriosa Bank between Cuba and the Yucatan peninsula. The Cayman islands are visible in the center of the image. Credit: Provided by the SeaWiFS Project, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, and ORBIMAGE

2002-01-01

221

Bank Terminals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the photo, employees of the UAB Bank, Knoxville, Tennessee, are using Teller Transaction Terminals manufactured by SCI Systems, Inc., Huntsville, Alabama, an electronics firm which has worked on a number of space projects under contract with NASA. The terminals are part of an advanced, computerized financial transaction system that offers high efficiency in bank operations. The key to the system's efficiency is a "multiplexing" technique developed for NASA's Space Shuttle. Multiplexing is simultaneous transmission of large amounts of data over a single transmission link at very high rates of speed. In the banking application, a small multiplex "data bus" interconnects all the terminals and a central computer which stores information on clients' accounts. The data bus replaces the maze-of wiring that would be needed to connect each terminal separately and it affords greater speed in recording transactions. The SCI system offers banks real-time data management through constant updating of the central computer. For example, a check is immediately cancelled at the teller's terminal and the computer is simultaneously advised of the transaction; under other methods, the check would be cancelled and the transaction recorded at the close of business. Teller checkout at the end of the day, conventionally a time-consuming matter of processing paper, can be accomplished in minutes by calling up a summary of the day's transactions. SCI manufactures other types of terminals for use in the system, such as an administrative terminal that provides an immediate printout of a client's account, and another for printing and recording savings account deposits and withdrawals. SCI systems have been installed in several banks in Tennessee, Arizona, and Oregon and additional installations are scheduled this year.

1978-01-01

222

Simulating Retail Banking for Banking Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation flow and development of retail bank management simulation based training system which could provide a comprehensive knowledge about the operations and management of banks for the banking students. The prototype of a Retail banking simulation based training system was developed based on…

Supramaniam, Mahadevan; Shanmugam, Bala

2009-01-01

223

General Banking Conditions 2009 General Banking Conditions  

E-print Network

or to the integrity of the financial system. 3 Activities and objectives The Customer provides information to the Bank activities. The Bank may give goods, docu- ments of title, securities or financial instruments that belongGeneral Banking Conditions 2009 r #12;#12;1 General Banking Conditions (Version 2009

Franssen, Michael

224

Central banking, free banking, and financial crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Summary View In the Keynesian view, the central bank is a part of an extramarket remedy to a market malady. Investment markets are inherently unstable; government control of the economy's money supply is an important element in macroeconomic stabilization policy. The case against central banking—and for free banking—reverses the characterization of both remedy and malady. Free banking is a

Roger W. Garrison

1996-01-01

225

Technical assistance and the transfer of remote sensing technology. [for economic development  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The transfer of technology from industrialized countries to the third world is a very complicated process and one that requires a great deal of research and development. The political and social obstacles to this transfer are generally greater than the technical obstacles, but technical assistance programs have neither the competence nor the inclination to deal with these factors adequately. Funding for technical assistance in remote sensing is now expanding rapidly, and there is a growing need for institutions to study and promote the effective use of this technology for economic development. The United Nations, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Bank, the United States Agency for International Development and the Canadian technical assistance agencies take different approaches to the problem and deal with the political pressures in different ways.

Chipman, R.

1977-01-01

226

Textile World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Textile World is a website for textile industry professionals, manufacturers, investors, as well as those who would like to offer students, young or old, a glimpse into the world of textile production. This website is the perfect vehicle to see all that the textile industry encompasses. One look at the menu on the left hand side of the page informs visitors of several different areas of textile production, such as the "Yarn Market", "Nonwovens/Technical Textiles", "Fiber World", and "Dyeing Printing and Finishing". The "Nonwovens/Technical Textiles" link takes visitors to articles such as "Nonwovens Focus: Human-Centered Applications", which discusses the various types of products that constitute nonwovens. Those products include baby diapers, feminine products, hygiene products, and medical and protective textiles, such as surgical gowns and drapes, and those textiles that protect humans against liquid, biological and chemical agents. An evenhanded look at the increasing friendliness towards the environment that is being manufactured into baby diapers is discussed thoroughly in the article, as is the growing demand for nonwovens in some countries.

227

World Development Report 2004  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released, this annual report on the state of world development (written by staff members at the World Bank) is an important document that adopts as its main thesis that broad improvements in human welfare around the globe will not occur unless "poor people receive wider access to affordable, better quality services in health, education, water, sanitation, and electricity." From this main site, visitors can download an executive summary of the report's findings, or download any of the work's chapters, which range in content from the importance of government action and the framework for social provision. Equally compelling are the sections that detail how the World Bank worked with a wide range of stakeholders about the report's content and main ideas, and still another section that contains the transcription of an electronic discussion held about the draft edition of the report in the spring of 2003.

228

Associate Program, Commercial Banking Commercial Banking  

E-print Network

Associate Program, Commercial Banking Commercial Banking Job Code 0203 � Level 6 CIBC is a leading and services to 11 million individual, small business, commercial, corporate and institutional clients Group of Companies please visit CIBC.com. Job Overview The Commercial Banking Associate Program provides

Northern British Columbia, University of

229

Is bank supervision central to central banking?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, several central banks have lost their bank supervisory responsibilities, in part because it has not been shown that supervisory authority improves the conduct of monetary policy. This paper finds that confidential bank supervisory information could help the Board staff more accurately forecast important macroeconomic variables and is used by FOMC members to guide monetary policy. These findings suggest that

Joe Peek; Eric S. Rosengren; Geoffrey M. B. Tootell

1999-01-01

230

The world economic system and international migration in less developed countries: an ecological approach.  

PubMed

"This paper analysed net migration within the context of [the] world economic system and urban ecological framework using the structural equation model." The author "employs linear structural equation modelling to examine determinants of international migration, using data from the World Bank World Tables, World Development Reports and the World Bank." (SUMMARY IN FRE AND SPA) PMID:12346351

Amankwaa, A A

1995-01-01

231

Asian Development Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1966, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is headquartered in Manila. Their operations extend across 67 countries, and their primary mission is "to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people." In order to achieve this goal, ADB offers loans, technical assistance, grants, advice, and knowledge. Along the top of their homepage, visitors can make their way through the following sections: "Projects", "Countries", "News & Events", "Topics", and "Publications". The "Topics" area is a good place to start, as it contains information about some of their signature programs, which range from work on preventing bird flu outbreaks to law and policy reform throughout the region. Moving on, the "Publications" area is a real treat for policy types, and visitors can look at recent documents like "Revitalization of Historic Inner-City Areas in Asia".

232

Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1988, the World Bank Group (described in the September 25, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics) has addressed issues of economic architecture, corporate governance, crime, land reform, and the economics of transition at the Annual Bank Conference on Development Economics (ABCDE). Currently, papers from previous ABCDE's are available online with a keynote addresses, such as by nobel laureate James Tobin, and interested individuals are invited to comment on forthcoming conference papers at the ABCDE homepage.

1988-01-01

233

Informal influence in the Asian Development Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through case studies and empirical analysis, scholars have uncovered convincing evidence that individual donors influence\\u000a lending decisions of international financial institutions (IFIs) such as the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. Less\\u000a clear are the mechanisms by which donors exert influence. Potential mechanisms are either formal or informal. Formal influence\\u000a is through official decisions of the board of executive

Christopher Kilby

2011-01-01

234

Benefits from a changing payment technology in European banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

An “output characteristics” cost function is used to identify payment sources of technical change in European banking and estimate associated benefits. As the share of electronic payments in 12 European countries rose from 0.43 in 1987 to 0.79 in 1999 and ATMs expanded while the number of branch offices was constant, bank operating costs are $32 billion lower than they

David Humphrey; Magnus Willesson; Göran Bergendahl; Ted Lindblom

2006-01-01

235

Commercial Bank and Bank Holding Company Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Report of Condition and Income database, provided by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, contains financial data for all banks regulated by the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and Comptroller of the Currency. Merger Data contains information on all "bank acquisitions and mergers since 1985." The Merger Data is available in either ASCII or SAS format. Quarterly Call Report Data contains "income and balance sheet items for all the banks" from the first quarter of 1989. The data are on an individual bank basis and are downloadable in zipped SAS transport data file format.

236

System Description for the Airborne-Omega Data Bank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Airborne-Omega Data Bank has been established at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Center. Its main objective is to provide a centralized repository for operational airborne-Omega data so that performance which is representative of t...

L. Rzonca

1980-01-01

237

Investment Banks Goldman Sachs  

E-print Network

Financial Corporation PNC Bank Wachovia Asset Management Firms Acadian Asset Management Alliance CapitalInvestment Banks Goldman Sachs Merrill Lynch Morgan Stanley UBS Bear Stearns JP Morgan Chase Brown Brothers Harriman Fidelity HSBC Money Center Banking Bank of America CIBC Citigroup Mellon

Aronov, Boris

238

Central bank Financial Independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank independence is a multifaceted institutional design. The financial component has been seldom analysed. This paper intends to set a comprehensive conceptual background for central bank financial independence. Quite often central banks are modelled as robot like maximizers of some goal. This perspective neglects the fact that central bank functions are inevitably deployed on its balance sheet and have

J. Ramon Martinez-Resano

2004-01-01

239

International banking facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Reserve Board permitted banking offices located in the United States to establish International Banking Facilities (IBFs) beginning in December 1981. The purpose was to allow these banking offices to conduct a deposit and loan business with foreign residents, including foreign banks, without being subject to reserve requirements or to the interest rate ceilings then in effect. IBFs are

Henry S. Terrell

1988-01-01

240

Stem cell banking: between traceability and identifiability  

PubMed Central

Stem cell banks are increasingly seen as an essential resource of biological materials for both basic and translational research. Stem cell banks support transnational access to quality-controlled and ethically sourced stem cell lines from different origins and of varying grades. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, advances in regenerative medicine are leading to the development of a bioeconomy, 'a world where biotechnology contributes to a significant share of economic output'. Consequently, stem cell banks are destined to constitute a pillar of the bioeconomy in many countries. While certain ethical and legal concerns are specific to the nature of stem cells, stem cell banking could do well to examine the approaches fostered by tissue banking generally. Indeed, the past decade has seen a move to simplify and harmonize biological tissue and data banking so as to foster international interoperability. In particular, the issues of consent and of traceability illustrate not only commonalities but the opportunity for stem cell banking to appreciate the lessons learned in biobanking generally. This paper analyzes convergence and divergence in issues surrounding policy harmonization, transnational sharing, informed consent, traceability and return of results in the context of stem cell banks. PMID:20923580

2010-01-01

241

Bioinformatics Activity Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is designed for educators hoping to teach students about the world of biotechnology and bioinformatics, and the lesson plans here are top-notch. The lessons span a variety of topics, including applied mathematics, DNA, and genetics. Visitors can scroll through six sections, including Organisms and Evolution or Proteins and Proteomics. Visitors can scroll through each area, keeping in mind that each activity is categorized by grade level, subject area, and type. For those looking for specific areas, they will find a set of activity filters that can be used to easily identify specific resources. Some of the activity offerings here include "Genetic Disorder Research," "What is Cloning?," and "DNA Detectives: Extract your Own DNA." Finally, visitors can visit In The News to learn more about ongoing activities at the Bioinformatics Activities Bank.

2013-04-30

242

Islamic Banking: Financing Terrorism or Meeting Economic Demand.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis investigates the recent world-wide rise in Islamic banking. In doing so it (1) surveys the underlying religious foundation of Islamic finance, (2) examines the attempts of Islamists to use Islamic banking to Islamize societies, and (3) assesse...

R. Terrell

2007-01-01

243

Islamic banking and finance: on its way to globalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The main objective of this paper is to highlight the unprecedented growth of Islamic banking and finance in the contemporary finance world. It captures the advancements of Islamic banking and finance industry across the tools, systems, sectors, markets and over 75 countries from Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper deals with the paradigm of

M. Mansoor Khan; M. Ishaq Bhatti

2008-01-01

244

A Hybrid Nested Partitions Algorithm for Banking Facility Location Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The facility location problem has been studied in many industries including banking network, chain stores, and wireless network. Maximal covering location problem (MCLP) is a general model for this type of problems. Motivated by a real-world banking facility optimization project, we propose an enhanced MCLP model which captures the important features of this practical problem, namely, varied costs and revenues,

Li Xia; Wenjun Yin; Jin Dong; Teresa Wu; Ming Xie; Yanjia Zhao

2010-01-01

245

The socio-technical construction of precision bombing : a study of shared control and cognition by humans, machines, and doctrine during World War II  

E-print Network

This dissertation examines the creation and initial use of the precision bombing system employed by the United States Army Air Forces during World War II in the opening phase of the Combined Bomber Offensive against Germany. ...

O'Mara, Raymond P. (Raymond Patrick)

2011-01-01

246

Commercial Aspects of Self-Help Group Banking in India: A Study of Bank Transaction Costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two outstanding aspects to Nabard’s Linking Banks and Self-Help Groups: with an outreach to 500,000 SHGs and a population of 40m rural poor, it is the largest non-directed microsavings & microcredit program in the developing world; and its bank lending rates – fluctuating at market rates around 7% in real terms – are among the lowest. Is it

Harishkumar R. Dave; Hans Dieter Seibel

2002-01-01

247

To our students, faculty and staff: As of April 30, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) will be using the technical  

E-print Network

are expected to be similar to the symptoms of regular human seasonal influenza. An early symptom is fever: Avoid contact with persons with symptoms of influenza. Avoid crowded areas and maintain good ventilation) will be using the technical scientific name H1N1 influenza A for swine flu. 1. What is Swine Flu Swine flu

Dasgupta, Dipankar

248

Essays on informal banking  

E-print Network

This thesis is a collection of three theoretical essays that examine the role of time-inconsistent preferences in informal banking. The first two chapters focus on specific banking institutions, while the third studies ...

Basu, Karna

2006-01-01

249

Reforming Agricultural Development Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of agricultural development banking discussed in this paper has a history to it. For a hundred years or more, until the middle of the 20th century, a small number of agricultural banks existed outside of Europe. During that period, 15.5% of the banks in the AgriBank-Stat inventory, were established.1 Some seem to have led an inconspicuous life, like

Thorsten Giehler; Hans Dieter Seibel; Stefan Karduck

2005-01-01

250

Snow Bank Detectives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Local professors teamed up with a fourth-grade teacher to show students the similarities and differences between sedimentary rock layers and snow banks. Students observed and drew snow banks and explored the effects of melting and salting on the snow banks.

Rule, Audrey C.; Olson, Eric A.; Dehm, Janet

2005-01-01

251

Banking on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Electronic ground was broken in 1995 with the development of the completely Internet-based bank Security First Network Bank. This article discusses the need for developing online services, outlines the reasons for the formation of an Internet-based bank and argues that to remain competitive financial services providers must provide easier customer…

Internet Research, 1996

1996-01-01

252

Towards secure information systems in online banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this era of globalization, information security is becoming more important because the world is becoming highly interconnected with the Internet. At present customers can do banking online which is easy and time saving and at the same time they are vulnerable to threats. This paper seeks to investigate the current debate regarding the threats and vulnerabilities of the information

Zakaria Karim; Karim Mohammed Rezaul; Aliar Hossain

2009-01-01

253

Banks, Bonuses and Busts Peter Forsyth  

E-print Network

, a put option gives its holder the right, but not the obligation, to sell some underlying asset) to determine the price at which to sell the option; and (2) a way to hedge their risk associated.0 = .25 µ =.10 Delta Hedging If the real world assets follow GBM, then the bank can sell the option

Forsyth, Peter A.

254

12 CFR 1270.17 - Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. 1270.17... Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS LIABILITIES... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. The...

2012-01-01

255

12 CFR 1270.17 - Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. 1270.17... Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS LIABILITIES... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. The...

2013-01-01

256

12 CFR 1270.17 - Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks.  

... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. 1270.17... Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS LIABILITIES... Liability of Banks, FHFA, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. The...

2014-01-01

257

Bahrain's offshore banking center  

SciTech Connect

The economic effects of Bahrain's schemes for licensing offshore banking units (OBUs) were the immediate response of major international banks and the financial services the banking center has rendered by improving regional money and exchange markets at a time when a Middle East link was needed to service the increasing demand for oil-wealth banking services. Bahrain's leadership also created a favorable climate. Aggressive competition from banks in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia have caused some friction, but informal supervision by the Bahrain Monetary Agency (BMA) should be able to avoid serious difficulty. Bahrain's success required a banking infrastructure, a free-enterprise system, a willingness to maintain banking standards, a country small enough to benefit directly from OBU income, and a gap in nearby competing centers. 39 references, 1 figure, 5 tables. (DCK)

Gerakis, A.S.; Roncesvalles, O.

1983-01-01

258

Banking Scope and Financial Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explore the implications of financial system design for financial innovation. We begin with assumptions about the investment opportunities of firms, their observable attributes, and the roles of commercial banks, investment banks, and the financial market. We examine the borrower's choice between bank and financial market funding, the commercial bank's choice of monitoring capacity, and the investment bank's choice of

Arnoud W A Boot; Anjan V Thakor

1997-01-01

259

Cooperative Banks and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative banks are an important, and growing, part of many financial systems. This paper empirically analyzes the role of cooperative banks in financial stability. Contrary to some suggestions in the literature, we find that cooperative banks are more stable than commercial banks. This finding is due to the lower volatility of the cooperative banks' returns, which more than offsets their

Martin Cihák; Heiko Hesse

2007-01-01

260

Bank for International Settlements  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS), a creation of the Hague Conference of 1930, is "a[n international] central banking institution" whose aim is "to promote the co-operation of central banks and to provide additional facilities for international financial operations." Its web site provides a detailed profile of BIS, along with its basic texts and charters. However, the power of the site is its publication section, a small but growing list of full text publications (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only), highlighted by the quarterly International Banking and Financial Market Developments, a "commentary on recent developments in international banking, securities and global derivatives markets based on partial information available for the [most recent quarter] and on more detailed banking data for [the previous quarter]." The site also contains BIS Review, "a collection of important articles and speeches by senior central bankers."

1997-01-01

261

Bank Director Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created for directors of financial companies, Bank Director Magazine is a quarterly publication that examines issues of importance to bank directors. The online publication includes the complete table of contents, as well as a selection of articles from the current issue. The site also features a directory of names, addresses, and phone numbers of M&A investment banking and law firms, consulting firms, and technology and retail delivery companies.

262

Agricultural Development Bank Reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agricultural development banks (AgDBs), which are not viable, should either be closed, or transformed into self-reliant, sustainable financial intermediaries. Experience shows that reform is possible. Among the prominent cases are Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) and Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives (BAAC, Thailand) as well as ADB\\/Nepal, which has been transforming its small farmer credit program into financially self-reliant local

Hans Dieter Seibel

2001-01-01

263

Banking: shop and compare.  

PubMed

There are many reasons to take a critical look at the practice's banking relationship(s)--technology advancements, security measures, improvements in available services, recent banking enhancements designed specifically for medical practices, the impact of the financial crisis on bank ratings and stability, changing practice needs, opportunities for operational automation at the practice--and it is just simply smart to periodically evaluate and compare the features, pricing, and potential savings offered by vendors. PMID:25108982

O'Brien, Jennifer A; DeJarnette, Sherry

2014-01-01

264

Electric power, economic growth in third world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing demand for electricity remains a prerequisite for economic growth, says Mohan Munasinghe of the World Bank in Washington. This truism presents decision makers in the Third World with a major dilemma: if they spend their scarce resources on capital-intensive electric power projects, they won't have anything left to solve the problems of acute poverty and malnutrition, but if they

Munasinghe

2009-01-01

265

Use of 'Guideliner' catheter to overcome failure of delivery of Absorb™ Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold in calcified tortuous coronary lesions: technical considerations in 'Real World Patients'.  

PubMed

In our series of 177 real world patients (223 lesions) who underwent Absorb Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) implantation, 78 lesions were calcified and tortuous lesions. In four of these, despite adequate lesion bed preparation, appropriate guiding catheter support and use of buddy wires, the BVS failed to track through the proximal calcified and tortuous coronary anatomy (CTCA). "Guide Liner" catheter (GLC) had to be finally used to resuccessfully deliver and implant BVS to the lesion site. We report for the first time four cases of use of guideliner catheter to successfully overcome failed delivery of BVS to the lesion site through proximal CTCA, calcified and tortuous coronary artery (CTCA) lesions treated with Absorb™ BVS. Because the BVS is a large profile device, certain difficulties were encountered in delivering it through the GLC, which were finally overcome. We have therefore discussed the 'lessons and learnt' and "salient practice points" to enable successful delivery of BVS through the GLC. PMID:25173205

Seth, Ashok; Ravisekar, Vinayak; Kaul, U

2014-01-01

266

Use of ‘Guideliner’ catheter to overcome failure of delivery of Absorb™ Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold in calcified tortuous coronary lesions: Technical considerations in ‘Real World Patients’  

PubMed Central

In our series of 177 real world patients (223 lesions) who underwent Absorb Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) implantation, 78 lesions were calcified and tortuous lesions. In four of these, despite adequate lesion bed preparation, appropriate guiding catheter support and use of buddy wires, the BVS failed to track through the proximal calcified and tortuous coronary anatomy (CTCA). “Guide Liner” catheter (GLC) had to be finally used to resuccessfully deliver and implant BVS to the lesion site. We report for the first time four cases of use of guideliner catheter to successfully overcome failed delivery of BVS to the lesion site through proximal CTCA, calcified and tortuous coronary artery (CTCA) lesions treated with Absorb™ BVS. Because the BVS is a large profile device, certain difficulties were encountered in delivering it through the GLC, which were finally overcome. We have therefore discussed the ‘lessons and learnt’ and “salient practice points” to enable successful delivery of BVS through the GLC. PMID:25173205

Seth, Ashok; Ravisekar, Vinayak; Kaul, U.

2014-01-01

267

FDIC Banking Review, October 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDIC's monthly publication Banking Review includes the article "Financially Distressed Banks: How Effective Are Enforcement Actions in the Supervision Process?" which looks at some effects of bank examinations.

268

Cracking Bank PINs by Playing Mastermind  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The bank director was pretty upset noticing Joe, the system administrator, spending his spare time playing Mastermind, an old useless game of the 70ies. He had fought the instinct of telling him how to better spend his life, just limiting to look at him in disgust long enough to be certain to be noticed. No wonder when the next day the director fell on his chair astonished while reading, on the newspaper, about a huge digital fraud on the ATMs of his bank, with millions of Euros stolen by a team of hackers all around the world. The article mentioned how the hackers had 'played with the bank computers just like playing Mastermind', being able to disclose thousands of user PINs during the one-hour lunch break. That precise moment, a second before falling senseless, he understood the subtle smile on Joe's face the day before, while training at his preferred game, Mastermind.

Focardi, Riccardo; Luccio, Flaminia L.

269

75 FR 69444 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...both of Victor, Iowa; Corydon State Bank, Corydon, Iowa; First State Bank of Colfax, Colfax, Iowa; Maxwell State Bank, Maxwell, Iowa; Pocahontas State Bank, Pocahontas, Iowa; and Panora State Bank, Panora, Iowa. Board of...

2010-11-12

270

75 FR 67731 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...both of Victor, Iowa; Corydon State Bank, Corydon, Iowa; First State Bank of Colfax, Colfax, Iowa; Maxwell State Bank, Maxwell, Iowa; Pocahontas State Bank, Pocahontas, Iowa; and Panora State Bank, Panora, Iowa. Board of...

2010-11-03

271

12 CFR 7.1003 - Money lent at banking offices or at other than banking offices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1003 Section 7.1003 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS Bank Powers § 7.1003 Money...bank funds: (1) From the lending bank or its operating...

2010-01-01

272

COUNTERPOINT Data Bank — \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The final few sentences of the paper by Drs Israeli and Altholz, proposing an international practitioner data bank, suggest that they have in mind a wider concept for its content than malpractice information. Nevertheless the paper and its title are supportive of the national practitioner data bank, which was established in the United States of America in 1990, to gather

B. T. COLLOPY

1997-01-01

273

Overflowing the Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson will teach students about levees and how they are designed to hold a river in its bank. They will construct a model of a river bank and explore how levees can cause water levels to back up into smaller streams and tributaries, causing floods.

274

MEASURING BANK EFFICIENCY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF WAEMU (WEST AFRICAN ECONOMIC MONETARY UNION)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers to measure WAEMU banks efficiency and its determining factors, after the banking system reforms from 1993 to 1996. At this purpose, we use Data Envelopment Analysis method (DEA) for assessing technical efficiency and Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) for cost efficiency. Our results suggest similar evolutions for the two types of efficiency for every WAEMU countries apart from

Sandrine Kablan

275

Initial Data Bank Report (Fall 1978; Winter/Spring/Summer/Fall 1979; Winter 1980).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The International Bank for airborne-Omega data has begun operation at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Center. This first report issued by the Data Bank is based upon preliminary data for Pacific flights in fall 1978 and winter/spring 1...

L. I. Rzonca

1980-01-01

276

Can Relationship Banking Survive Competition?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How will banks evolve as competition increases from other banks and from the capital market? Will banks become more like capital market underwriters and offer passive transaction loans or return to their roots as relationship lending experts? These are the questions we address. Our key result is that as interbank competition increases, banks make \\

Arnoud W. A. Boot; Anjan V. Thakor

2000-01-01

277

Banks as Catalysts for Industrialization  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide a new theory of the role of banks as catalysts for industrialization. In their influential analysis of continental European industrialization, Gerschenkron and Schumpeter argued that banks promoted the creation of new industries. We formalize this role of banks by introducing financial intermediaries into a “big push” model. We show that banks may act as catalysts for industrialization provided

Marco Da Rin; Thomas Hellmann

2002-01-01

278

Mile High Wetland Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The site listed here is provided by an environmental consulting firm that works with commercial and private landowners to establish Wetland Banks. An innovative concept (and growing reality) that has received mixed reviews from scientists, Wetland Banking attempts to combine the goals of developers (i.e., to develop a certain area) and wetland conservationists (i.e., to maintain/ restore areas of intact wetlands). If misused, this approach could work against wetland conservation; if properly instated, however, Wetland Banking might offer an alternative to the currently poor success rate of wetland mitigation projects. This resource by Mile High Wetlands Group, LLC, offers background information on Wetland banking, with an emphasis on the Group's local area (Colorado).

279

Protein Data Bank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Protein Data Bank is the international depository for the results of structural studies of biological macromolecules. At present, some 1200 biological macromolecules are reported to have been crystallized, of which approximately 350 have structures de...

E. E. Abola, F. C. Bernstein, T. F. Koetzle

1984-01-01

280

Statistics on Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The FDIC Statistics on Banking is a "quarterly publication that provides aggregate financial and structure information on FDIC-insured institutions, with summary totals by state and charter type." The latest figures for third quarter 1997 are now available.

281

Fall Math Idea Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This math idea bank includes autumn themed hands-on activities focused on the topics of leaves, spiders, and pumpkins. Also included in this resource are links to online activities and websites for research.

Petti, Wendy

2014-01-01

282

Tissue banking training courses: Polish experience.  

PubMed

Personnel directly involved in the donation, procurement, testing, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of human tissues and cells should be appropriately qualified and provided with timely and relevant training according to EU directives. In the time of new tissue and cells regulations implementation such a training system existed in Poland only at a local level. The first training programme outlines for various groups of health professionals engaged in tissue banking practice was created in co-operation with the Institute for LifeLong Learning at University of Barcelona in 2006. This initial training courses were financially supported by EU Transition Facility Programme 2004. Then, starting from 2006, based on previous experience, system of advanced training courses was created. This training programme was financially supported by the National Programme for the Development of Transplantation Medicine 2006-2009-POLGRAFT financed by Polish Ministry of Health. During 2006 and 2007 first set of tissue banking initial training courses were provided according to TF 2004 project. Over 200 pathologists, forensic medicine specialists and other medical doctors responsible for donor screening and classification, medical directors of tissue establishments, technical staff; tissue graft users: orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiosurgeons and ophthalmologists were trained. Between 2006 and 2009 there were organized 8 advanced tissue banking training courses according to POLGRAFT programme. There were organized both theoretical and practical courses on various aspects of tissue for over 350 persons. We present our experience in organisation of international and national tissue banking training courses. PMID:22318653

Kaminski, Artur; Gut, Grzegorz; Uhrynowska-Tyszkiewicz, Izabela; Olender, Ewa

2013-03-01

283

12 CFR 996.2 - Bank employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Banks and Banking 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank employees. 996.2 Section 996.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD NON-BANK SYSTEM ENTITIES AUTHORITY FOR BANK ASSISTANCE OF THE RESOLUTION...

2011-01-01

284

12 CFR 996.2 - Bank employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank employees. 996.2 Section 996.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD NON-BANK SYSTEM ENTITIES AUTHORITY FOR BANK ASSISTANCE OF THE RESOLUTION...

2010-01-01

285

Banking Data and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article on free banking data and research, created by Ruth Kobylecky Humphrey for the American Library Association, includes an index of annotations on a wide range of federal and association Websites that offer financial information and help for their members. The index is broken into several sections including Federal Agencies, The Federal Reserve System, International Banking, and the Secondary Market. Within each section, the entries are arranged in alphabetical order and carefully annotated.

Humphrey, Ruth K.

286

ODP Science Services ODP Technical Note 36  

E-print Network

, 36 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: ODP Science Services ODP Technical Note 36 SHIPBOARD SCIENTISTS HANDBOOK1, 2 ODP Science Services3 around the world. DSDP developed techniques for computer-controlled dynamic positioning to stabilize

287

Psychological effects of mergers and acquisition on employees: case study of some selected banks in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mergers and acquisitions have had a significant impact on the banking industry in Nigeria and around the world, over the last decade. As a result, many bank employees have experienced numerous psychological effects of mergers and acquisition. Acquisition is often seen to have negative impacts on employee's behaviour, resulting in counter productive practices, absenteeism, low morale and job dissatisfaction. This

Olubukunola R. Olatunji; Uwuigbe Uwalomwa

2009-01-01

288

Savings-led Microfinance to Bank the UnbankablesSharing of Global Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the ‘Grameen Bank Model’ evolved and developed in Bangladesh, several countries in Asia, including India, and elsewhere in the world have emulated, replicated and modified the original model of micro-finance to suit local conditions and enhance mass acceptability. In India, among various models tried and tested, the one evolved and successfully demonstrated by the National Bank for Agriculture

A. N. Sarkar; Jagjit Singh

2006-01-01

289

Usage Of An Electronic Document Storage System For A Press Clipping Documentation Bank  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the world's largest and technically most advanced press data banks is being run as a back-up system for journalists by Gruner + Jahr publishers in Hamburg. The text bank alone now contains 2 million pages of facsimile text, each of which can be electronically located and retrieved within a few seconds from automated microfiche reader-printers. Daily input to the system is about 1,000 pages, output 2,800. Within the next 3 years the total archive since 1972 is to be converted to electronic storage. The archiv then will contain about 4 million pages. Texts cover all aspects of life, and over Zoo top international sources. Digital optical recording (DOR) upgrades the performance of this system. In particular: 1. extend storage space, 2. speed up soft document delivery, 3. fully mechanize document print, 4. improve readability, 5. open up almost unlimited possibility of arranging new document collections for distributed use, 6. extend the range of document delivery to distant user places. Installation of the first phase started at the end of march.

Lienau, Hans-Joachim; Hartmann, Karsten

1984-09-01

290

WorldWideScience  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As its name implies, the WorldWideScience site is a global science gateway that is meant to help connect a worldwide audience to various national and international scientific databases. The site was developed and is maintained by the Office of Science and Technical Information (OSTI) with the U.S. Department of Energy. Visitors to the site's homepage can click on an interactive map of the world's countries to locate participants and their websites. After clicking on a country, a list of available resources will appear in a box immediately to the right of the world map. Dozens of countries are currently represented, and visitors will find Colombia's "Scientific Electronic Library Online", India's "Indian Academy of Science", and Cameroon's "African Journals Online". The site is rounded out by an advanced search option and contact information.

291

12 CFR 917.10 - Bank bylaws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank bylaws. 917.10 Section 917.10 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF...

2010-01-01

292

12 CFR 917.10 - Bank bylaws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank bylaws. 917.10 Section 917.10 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF...

2011-01-01

293

Uncertainty and Technical Communication Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between research and development peoples' perceptions of uncertainty in their firm's competitive environment and their patterns of technical communication. Measures of both these attributes of six R&D groups, two in each of three industries, are reported and analyzed here. Technical people who saw the world (competitors, suppliers, customers, technology and regulations) outside their firm as

James W. Brown; James M. Utterback

1985-01-01

294

Competition and choice: banks and savings banks in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how Spanish savings banks have come to compete directly with commercial banks. It also looks at how regulatory changes and corporate strategies have affected the nature of competition between the two types of bank in Spain. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – There is a re-examination of the existing bibliography as a basis prior

J. Carles Maixé-Altés

2010-01-01

295

Foreign Bank Presence, Domestic Bank Performance and Financial Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the relationship between foreign bank presence and the performance of the domestic banking sector and takes into account the role of the level of development of the financial sector of the recipient country. We use data of 982 banks in 48 countries for 1990-96. We find support for the hypothesis that financial development does matter. In particular,

Niels Hermes; Robert Lensink

2004-01-01

296

The perception of banks' mergers and acquisitions by bank employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The banking sector is consolidating at an accelerating pace. Almost all banking institutions feel obliged to become larger and more powerful. One out of four mergers and acquisitions in Greece took place in the banking sector, which was also known to have been the field of great enterprise transactions. Many economic and\\/or financial reasons have, so far, been proposed in

John Mylonakis

2006-01-01

297

MANAGING DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY — INTERNET BANKING VENTURES FOR TRADITIONAL BANKS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the perception of the nature of technological change for Internet Banking by proposing and testing a model of the strategic management of online banking by traditional banks. Specifically, this empirical study uses a stratified sample of the FDIC database to address how perception of the technology and the environmental context (knowledge of cause-effect relations and crystallized outcome

STEPHEN K. CALLAWAY; ROBERT D. HAMILTON

2008-01-01

298

Planetary Radar with the Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The large aperture and sensitive receivers of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope (GBT) make it an attractive receiving station for bistatic radar experiments. Consequently, it has been used as a receive station for radar observations since its commissioning in 2001. The GBT is equipped with receivers for all common planetary radar transmitters at P, S, and X band, as well as for future radars at up to 86 GHz. We describe the technical capabilities of the GBT and its instrumentation in terms of its tracking and RF performance, the available radar backends, and select science results obtained through the use of the GBT.

Ford, Alyson; Ford, John M.; Watts, Galen

2014-11-01

299

World Soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Now in it's third edition of World Soils provides a concise account of the soils of the world. It has been completely revised to include developments in the last decade in pedology and soil science. The introduction provides a definition of soils and outlines the author's approach. Successive chapters examine the composition, factors and processes behind the formation of soils.

E. M. Bridges

1997-01-01

300

World lines.  

PubMed

In this paper we present World Lines as a novel interactive visualization that provides complete control over multiple heterogeneous simulation runs. In many application areas, decisions can only be made by exploring alternative scenarios. The goal of the suggested approach is to support users in this decision making process. In this setting, the data domain is extended to a set of alternative worlds where only one outcome will actually happen. World Lines integrate simulation, visualization and computational steering into a single unified system that is capable of dealing with the extended solution space. World Lines represent simulation runs as causally connected tracks that share a common time axis. This setup enables users to interfere and add new information quickly. A World Line is introduced as a visual combination of user events and their effects in order to present a possible future. To quickly find the most attractive outcome, we suggest World Lines as the governing component in a system of multiple linked views and a simulation component. World Lines employ linking and brushing to enable comparative visual analysis of multiple simulations in linked views. Analysis results can be mapped to various visual variables that World Lines provide in order to highlight the most compelling solutions. To demonstrate this technique we present a flooding scenario and show the usefulness of the integrated approach to support informed decision making. PMID:20975187

Waser, Jürgen; Fuchs, Raphael; Ribici?, Hrvoje; Schindler, Benjamin; Blöschl, Günther; Gröller, Eduard

2010-01-01

301

Wetland mitigation banking for the oil and gas industry: Assessment, conclusions, and recommendations  

SciTech Connect

Wetland mitigation banks are already in existence in the United States, and the number is increasing. To date, most of these banks have been created and operated for mitigation of impacts arising from highway or commercial development and have not been associated with the oil and gas industry. Argonne National Laboratory evaluated the positive and negative aspects of wetland mitigation banking for the oil and gas industry by examining banks already created for other uses by federal, state, and private entities. Specific issues addressed in this study include (1) the economic, ecological, and technical effectiveness of existing banks; (2) the changing nature of local, state, and federal jurisdiction; and (3) the unique regulatory and jurisdictional problems affecting bank developments associated with the oil and gas industry.

Wilkey, P.L.; Sundell, R.C.; Bailey, K.A.; Hayes, D.C.

1994-01-01

302

HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES DATA BANK (HSDB)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB) is a factual, non-bibliographic data bank focusing upon the toxicology of potentially hazardous chemicals. It is enhanced with data from such related areas as emergency handling procedures, environmental fate, human exposure, detection method...

303

Duke Data Bank  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA computerized image processing techniques are an integral part of a cardiovascular data bank at Duke University Medical Center. Developed by Dr. C. F. Starmer and colleagues at Duke, the data bank documents the Center's clinical experience with more than 4,000 heart patients as an aid to diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. Data is stored in a computerized system that allows a physician to summon detailed records of former patients whose medical profiles are similar to those of a new patient. A video display (photo) and printed report shows prognostic information for the new patient based on similar past experience.

1979-01-01

304

MolBank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

MolBank, an interesting resource for chemists, "is an electronic journal where very short notes of searchable experimental data records for individual molecules are published." Affiliated with the magazine Molecules and Molecular Diversity Preservation International (MDPI), MolBank is particularly interested in unconventional, experimental data such as starting materials and synthetic intermediates. Adhering to a single page, single structure format, the up-to-date, refereed papers are searchable by substructure or chemical and physical characteristics. Submission guidelines are also available at the site.

2007-06-07

305

GenBank.  

PubMed

The GenBank nucleotide sequence database now contains sequence data and associated annotation corresponding to 56,000,000 nucleotides in 45,000 entries. The input stream of data coming into the database has largely been shifted to direct submissions from the scientific community on electronic media. The data have been installed in a relational database management system and are made available in this form through on-line access, and through various network and off-line computer-readable media. In addition, GenBank provides the U.S. distribution center for the BIOSCI electronic bulletin board service. PMID:2041806

Burks, C; Cassidy, M; Cinkosky, M J; Cumella, K E; Gilna, P; Hayden, J E; Keen, G M; Kelley, T A; Kelly, M; Kristofferson, D

1991-04-25

306

Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Symposium Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

_Income Inequality: Issues & Policy Options_ http://www.kc.frb.org/PUBLICAT/SYMPOS/1998/sym98prg.htm Since 1978, prominent central bankers, finance ministers, and academics have gathered at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas to discuss an "important economic issue facing the US and world economies," and selected proceedings from these symposiums are published at the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City site (1995-present). The 1998 symposium Income Inequality: Issues & Policy Options is the most recent addition to this ongoing compilation with papers, commentary, and discussion by Federal Reserve Board of Governors Chairman Alan Greenspan, World Bank Senior Vice President Joseph E. Stiglitz, and National Bureau of Economic Research President Martin Feldstein, among others.

307

Developing Real-World Spelling Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents strategies for incorporation into elementary level spelling programs to help students become real-world spellers. The article explains how to make spelling part of the writing process by expanding the word bank, improving proofreading skills, building dictionary skills, and conducting a roundup spelling test to practice new skills. (SM)

Angeletti, Sara; Peterson, Robert

1993-01-01

308

Virus World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Institute for Molecular Virology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this Web site offers high quality virus images that may be used for seminar presentations or any other noncommercial use. Users can choose from American Society for Virology conference poster images, enhanced EM pictures, and images of virology-related book and journal covers. Images may be searched by virus name; the results page will provide links to summary information from the Protein Data Bank and to the Scripps Research Institute's Virus Particle Explorer. Movie animations and relevant links are provided for some of the virus images. Users can also access tutorials on virus structure and other topics.

2002-01-01

309

Do Banks Provide Financial Slack?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the decision to choose bank debt rather than public securities in a firm's marginal financing choice. Using a sample of 500 firms over the 1980 to 1993 time period, we find that firms are relatively more likely to choose bank loans when variables that measure asymmetric information problems are elevated. The sensitivity of the likelihood of choosing bank

Charles J. Hadlock; Christopher M. James

2002-01-01

310

Banking Competition and European Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assess how banking competition will be affected by the process of deregulation and integration in European financial markets, drawing on the lessons of recent research in finance, banking and industrial organization. Our central thesis contends that the main effect of integration will be to change the focus of banks' strategic behaviour from collusion and regulatory capture to competition. Nevertheless,

Xavier Vives

1990-01-01

311

Superhabitable Worlds  

E-print Network

To be habitable, a world (planet or moon) does not need to be located in the stellar habitable zone (HZ), and worlds in the HZ are not necessarily habitable. Here, we illustrate how tidal heating can render terrestrial or icy worlds habitable beyond the stellar HZ. Scientists have developed a language that neglects the possible existence of worlds that offer more benign environments to life than Earth does. We call these objects "superhabitable" and discuss in which contexts this term could be used, that is to say, which worlds tend to be more habitable than Earth. In an appendix, we show why the principle of mediocracy cannot be used to logically explain why Earth should be a particularly habitable planet or why other inhabited worlds should be Earth-like. Superhabitable worlds must be considered for future follow-up observations of signs of extraterrestrial life. Considering a range of physical effects, we conclude that they will tend to be slightly older and more massive than Earth and that their host star...

Heller, René

2014-01-01

312

78 FR 12360 - PNC Bank, National Association, Retail Bank Franklin, PA; PNC Bank, National Association, Retail...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...directly competitive with call center services'' and that PNC Bank has advertised for a ``Project Manager for PNC Bank at Tata Consultancy Services'' in India. The request also states that the ``other facilities within the United States'' to...

2013-02-22

313

A Comparative Literature Survey of Islamic Finance and Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been large-scale growth in Islamic finance and banking in Muslim countries and around the world during the last twenty years. This growth is influenced by factors including the introduction of broad macroeconomic and structural reforms in financial systems, the liberalization of capital movements, privatization, the global integration of financial markets, and the introduction of innovative and new Islamic

Tarek S. Zaher; M. Kabir Hassan

2001-01-01

314

DEVELOPMENT OF RISK-FOCUSED BANKING MANAGEMENT TENDENCIES AND PERSPECTIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis showed up the weakness in the management systems quality of national and international financial institutions, especially in Internal Control and Risk- management. At the last spring meetings International Monetary Fund and World Bank approved a number of measures to strengthen a structure of supervision, including the proposals of Financial Stability Forum (FSF). FSF encourages to enhance

2009-01-01

315

Idea Bank: ExploraVision--Extracurricular Research and Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The ExploraVision model encourages students to use their knowledge and creativity to solve real-world problems. It gives any student, at any grade level, the opportunity to participate in scientific collaboration. This Idea Bank introduces the ExploraVisi

Stone, David

2009-12-01

316

The Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Networked Computer Science Technical Report Library (NCSTRL 1 ) is a distributed digital library of research results from computer science departments and laboratories in the USA and abroad. NCSTRL benefits readers, authors, and departments. Researchers throughout the world can use familiar Internet tools (the World Wide Web) to search for, browse, read, and download technical reports from participating institutions.

James R. Davis; Carl Lagoze

1996-01-01

317

Koko's World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Koko's World is provided by the Gorilla Foundation, a nonprofit organization created to "bring interspecies communication to the public, in order to save gorillas from extinction, and inspire our children to create a better future for all the great apes." KokoTV, part of the Koko's World Web site, offers video clips of Koko (the famous signing gorilla) communicating with friends. A recently added clip contains footage of Koko purring, an expression of contentment. In watching this and the eight other available video clips, it's easy to see how Koko has charmed countless people around the world.

2002-01-01

318

HPCwire Job Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HPCwire Job Bank has become the matchmaker site of choice for bringing together the best talent and the leading employers in HPC commercial computing, research, academia, and the entire ecosystem of suppliers and users of HPC systems and technology, representing career opportunities in hardware, software, middleware, sales, marketing, consulting, design, development, engineering, research, testing, customer support and production.

319

National Curve Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Curve Bank displays representations of two- and three-dimensional curves. Geometrical, algebraic, and historical aspects of curves are included. Educators and students have access to animations, interactions, java applets, Mathematica code, and more. Users may submit curves. Materials are reveiwed and selected by faculty at Cal State Los Angeles.

2009-03-01

320

How Banks Create Money.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching module explains how the U.S. banking system uses excess reserves to create money in the form of new deposits for borrowers. The module is part of a computer-animated series of four-to-five-minute modules illustrating standard concepts in high school economics. Although the module is designed to accompany the video program, it may be…

Beale, Lyndi

321

Needs Assessment Statements Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This needs assessment statements bank has been prepared as a resource for school districts that are engaged in the Local Planning and Assessment Process. Its purpose is to provide local educators with a variety of statements that can be used directly or with modification in preparing a needs assessment survey. Under each of eight broad goal…

Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence. Bureau of Technical Assistance.

322

Optimal Bank Capital  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports estimates of the long-run costs and benefits of banks funding more of their assets with loss-absorbing capital, or equity. Measuring those costs requires careful consideration of a wide range of issues about how shifts in funding affect required rates of return and on how costs are influenced by the tax system; it also requires a clear distinction

Gilberto Marcheggiano; David K Miles; Jing Yang

2011-01-01

323

Money with Bank Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We allow banks to choose between two networks in a simple version of the Cavalcanti and Wallace (1999) model of inside money. Members of a network have access to credit but must redeem banknotes issued by other members in random meetings. We find equilibria in which members of a particular network issue more valuable notes, but face the same ex-ante

Ricardo de Oliveira Cavalcanti; Henrique Dezemone Forno

2004-01-01

324

Banking & Financial Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended for high school business teachers, outlines the plan for a course in which students gain hands-on experience in operating a bank in which students actually deposit money. The document begins with a brief course description, rationale, and list of 11 course objectives. Presented next is background information about…

Warren, Brenda; Sorrell, Lisa

325

Snow Bank Detectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the city where the authors live, located on the shore of Lake Ontario, children have ample opportunity to interact with snow. Water vapor rising from the relatively warm lake surface produces tremendous "lake effect" snowfalls when frigid winter winds blow. Snow piles along roadways after each passing storm, creating impressive snow banks. When…

Olson, Eric A.; Rule, Audrey C.; Dehm, Janet

2005-01-01

326

Blood Bank Inventory Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Essentially, blood banks are facilities which procure, store, process, and dispense blood. To operate effectively in the face of both random supply and random demand, sizable buffer stocks of blood are maintained. The resulting inventory control problem is an extremely complex one for several reasons: (1) both supply and demand are random; (2) approximately 50 percent of all bloods demanded,

John B. Jennings

1973-01-01

327

Human milk banking.  

PubMed

Forms of human milk banking and donation have been present for more than a century worldwide, but, since 1985, the Human Milk Banking Association of North America (HM BANA) has established guidelines to make the use of donor's breast milk safe and the second best form of feeding to maternal breast milk for a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) infant. The Indiana Mother's Human Milk Bank provides an extensive and meticulous process of selecting breast milk donors. The process begins with a phone interview with a potential donor and includes the review of the donor's medical records, blood laboratory screening, medication and dietary intake, as well as consent from the donor's pediatrician. The milk bank follows steps of collecting, storing, and receiving the breast milk in accordance with the guidelines of the HM BANA. Pasteurization is the method used to ensure the proper heating and cooling of breast milk. Despite the rigorous pasteurization method, the donor's breast milk will not lose most of the important beneficial components needed for sick or ill NICU infants. Every batch of pasteurized breast milk will be cultured for any possible contamination and shipped to NICUs after it has been cleared by laboratory testing. PMID:23666187

O'Hare, Esther Marie; Wood, Angela; Fiske, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

328

National Trade Data Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Trade Data Bank, U. S. Department of Commerce: Over 300,000 documents which include over 130 information programs from over 20 federal sources such as the Department's Foreign Trader's Index, the Export Yellow Pages, the Trade Opportunities Program, and Market Research Reports.

329

Janus Serum Bank  

Cancer.gov

The Janus Serum bank was established in order to collect and store blood samples from presumably healthy individuals for future use in cancer research. The intention was to obtain information on factors important in the pathogenesis and etiology of cancer by examining blood samples obtained during the preclinical stage or latent period before the tumor has developed.

330

Physics World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Institute of Physics, Physics World brings together "news, views and information for the global physics community." First-time users may wish to wander through the site's blog, which contains compelling entries on how athletes could benefit from an understanding of the physics of their sports. The site is also a fast-moving place to get news from the field, via the Headlines area. Scholars and others should scroll down to the White Papers area, which features compelling new works from a range of institutes and professional organizations. The Multimedia section is quite a pip, as it contains reports on the hunt for the elusive Higgs boson and a report on how plasma applications are shaping the modern world. Finally, the In depth area collects reports from the world's leading physicists and professional science writers on topics from radioactive contamination to modeling the entire universe. Interested visitors can sign up for the Physics World RSS feeds on the site.

2012-07-13

331

The World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Any effort to provide high-quality news coverage of events around the world must include a crack team of international correspondents drawn from some of the world's most prominent news organizations. Fortunately, Public Radio International's well-regarded program, The World, draws on correspondents from the BBC and other respected news agencies. On their well-organized site, visitors can listen to each program in its entirety, or move through a number of online-only special reports, which include features on Afghanistan and ethnic conflicts in Africa. The World's site also offers three different podcasts and RSS feeds. Another fine feature of the site is the section where reporters for their program offer journals from their recent investigative excursions to Israel, Mexico, China, and Northern Ireland. Overall, the site is a fine way to stay up to date with current events of importance from Ghana to Goa.

332

Advertising World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Billed as "The Ultimate Marketing Communications Guide," Advertising World has been created by the department of advertising at University of Texas at Austin. Advertising World is a comprehensive directory of marketing communications information ranging from online discussion lists to lists of sites featuring online advertisements for specific products to a page called unconventional media, which includes advertising on hot air balloons, cargo containers, and the roofs of city buses. The Websites are tersely annotated and are organized in alphabetical order.

333

Weather risk management in Mozambique: Technical note on current and planned weather stations and their potential  

E-print Network

2008 the Africa Agriculture and Rural Development (AFTAR) department of the World Bank undertook and their potential viability for designing and monitoring agricultural weather risk insurance Mark Tadross1 and Alex, The World Bank. #12;M. Tadross and A. Lotsch. Weather risk management in Mozambique i Contents: 1

Tadross, Mark

334

12 CFR 225.121 - Acquisition of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding company.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding...of Edge corporation affiliate by State member banks of registered bank holding...Federal Banking law applicable to State member banks is concerned, the...

2010-01-01

335

The Real World Starts Here  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, principal at North Point High School of Science, Technology and Industry in Charles County, Maryland, describes how the school merges traditional academic classes with cutting-edge career and technical education courses to prepare students for the real world. Realizing that its traditional "vo-tech" model was undersubscribed and…

Hill, Kimberly A.

2012-01-01

336

ISDN World Wide Web page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ISDN World Wide Web page is now available which lets you flip between product info from different ISDN cards, software, and ISDN Internet access vendors quickly, making comparisons easy. It also has links to all known online technical specs related to ISDN. You can even order ISDN equipment online (gasp!). New info is constantly being added, and input is welcome.

337

World Wide Web Consortium  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1994, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has been primarily concerned with âÂÂâ¦developing protocols and guidelines that ensure long-term growth for the Web.â To do so, they draw on a set of international professionals and experts throughout the field of computer science and related fields. The W3C is led by Tim Berners-Lee, who directs the project and who was also responsible for inventing the World Wide Web. First-time visitors should take a look through the âÂÂNew Visitorsâ area, which includes a basic overview of where to find certain materials, such as their technical reports and how to sign up for their mailing lists. Another way to look over some of their materials is by browsing their âÂÂA to Zâ section on the homepage, which covers everything from accessibility to XML encryption.

338

On the Module of Internet Banking System  

E-print Network

Because of the speed, flexibility, and efficiency that it offers, the Internet has become the means for conducting growing numbers of transactions between suppliers and large international corporations. In this way, the Internet has opened new markets to the world and has accelerated the diffusion of knowledge. The meaning of Internet markets or online business has been widely used in these days. The success of the business depends on its flexibility, availability and security. Since that the web-based systems should have a special way to design the system and implement it. Nowadays, the Internet Banking System widely used and the banks looking to provide the best quality system with highly available, fast response, secure and safe to use. The Unified Modelling Language (UML) is the uniquely language which is used to analyse and design any system. In this paper, the UML diagrams has been proposed to illustrate the design phase for any banking system. The authors, presented two types of architecture which is u...

Alanazi, Hamdan O; Hmood, Ali K; Zaidan, M A; Al-Nabhani, Yahya

2010-01-01

339

Impact of the Bank's rural development lending.  

PubMed

Following the global food crisis of the early 1970s, the World Bank has placed a priority on funding agriculture and rural development projects. These projects have been funded with a view to raising the productivity of low-income groups. Projects aimed at increasing the incomes of rural poor must clearly identify the target group and be designed so that they will benefit directly. Some of these Bank-funded projects have been in the following areas: 1) irrigation; 2) fertilizer; 3) general rural development, e.g., road construction and rural electrification; 4) agricultural extension; 5) credit extension in rural areas; and 6) comprehensive projects. So far, the Bank programs seem to have exerted an influence on government development policies. Experience shows, however, that expansion of the income-employment sector is limited in scope. It is evident also that poverty-oriented programs must be longer-term than more conventional programs. Real success in this field will be measured in terms of community development and self-sufficiency. PMID:12261286

Yudelman, M

1979-09-01

340

PhysioBank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The PhsyioBank is an impressive archive of digital recordings of physiologic signals and related data for use by the biomedical research community. The website is maintained by the National Institute of Biomedical Imagining and Bioengineering and the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, and new material is being added on a regular basis. Currently, the site includes biomedical signals and reports from healthy subjects and patients with a range of conditions, including congestive heart failure, epilepsy, gait disorders, and sleep apnea. First-time visitors would do well to take the interactive tour and then use the Getting Started section for locating resources. Also, visitors should make sure to look at the PhysioBank Archives. Here they will find a complete listing of all the currently available databases, organized according to the types of signals and annotations contained in each database. Finally, visitors can send queries about the site and its database via a contact form on the site's homepage.

341

GenBank.  

PubMed

The GenBank nucleotide sequence database now contains sequence data and associated annotation corresponding to 85,000,000 nucleotides in 67,000 entries from a total of 3,000 organisms. The input stream of data coming into the database is primarily as direct submissions from the scientific community on electronic media, with little or no data being keyboarded from the printed page by the databank staff. The data are maintained in a relational database management system and are made available in flatfile form through on-line access, and through various network and off-line computer-readable media. The data are also distributed in relational form through satellite copies at a number of institutions in the U.S. and elsewhere. In addition, GenBank provides the U.S. distribution center for the BIOSCI electronic bulletin board service. PMID:1598235

Burks, C; Cinkosky, M J; Fischer, W M; Gilna, P; Hayden, J E; Keen, G M; Kelly, M; Kristofferson, D; Lawrence, J

1992-05-11

342

World Development Report 1999/2000  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released on September 15, 1999, the 22nd edition of this annual report from the World Bank Organization examines the effects of globalization and localization on the world economy in the coming millennium. Along with the full report, which can be downloaded by chapter in .pdf format, this extensive Website includes overviews of the World Development Report in general and the 1999/2000 report in particular. An online slide show guides users through the basics of globalization and localization with clear graphs and charts along with accompanying text. The 1998 and 1997 reports are also available from this site.

343

Virtual blood bank.  

PubMed

Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood component identification and to enhance personnel traceability and system security. The built-in logics and process constraints in the design of the virtual blood bank can guide the selection of appropriate blood and minimize transfusion risk. The quality of blood inventory is ascertained and monitored, and an audit trail for critical procedures in the transfusion process is provided by the paperless system. Thus, the virtual blood bank can help ensure that the right patient receives the right amount of the right blood component at the right time. PMID:21383930

Wong, Kit Fai

2011-01-01

344

Virtual blood bank  

PubMed Central

Virtual blood bank is the computer-controlled, electronically linked information management system that allows online ordering and real-time, remote delivery of blood for transfusion. It connects the site of testing to the point of care at a remote site in a real-time fashion with networked computers thus maintaining the integrity of immunohematology test results. It has taken the advantages of information and communication technologies to ensure the accuracy of patient, specimen and blood component identification and to enhance personnel traceability and system security. The built-in logics and process constraints in the design of the virtual blood bank can guide the selection of appropriate blood and minimize transfusion risk. The quality of blood inventory is ascertained and monitored, and an audit trail for critical procedures in the transfusion process is provided by the paperless system. Thus, the virtual blood bank can help ensure that the right patient receives the right amount of the right blood component at the right time. PMID:21383930

Wong, Kit Fai

2011-01-01

345

Umbilical cord blood banks. Ethical aspects. Public versus private banks.  

PubMed

The creation of umbilical cord blood (UCB) banks raises interesting medical, social, economic and ethical issues. This paper reviews the ethical problems specifically. In this respect, it evaluates: a) whether there are advantages to the use of UCB compared to bone marrow, b) whether or not it is ethical to create UCB banks, c) whether their creation is ethically acceptable in terms of their clinical usefulness or d) the use made of them for therapeutic purposes, and finally e) whether their creation is ethically justified from a cost/profitability point of view. We focus primarily on evaluating the ethical controversy between public and private banks, particularly on whether it is ethical to bank autologous blood in private UCB banks, on the basis of its limited possibilities for use by the cord blood donor. We can conclude that, from an ethical point of view, autologous blood banks have limited acceptance among specialised researchers, scientific societies and other public institutions. Therefore, we believe that it is ethically more acceptable to support the creation of public UCB banks for medical and social reasons and, above all, based on the principle of justice and human solidarity. Nevertheless, there is no definitive ethical argument why a couple, according to their autonomy and freedom, cannot bank their child's UCB in a private bank. An equally acceptable solution could be the creation of mixed banks, such as that proposed by the Virgin Health Bank or like the Spanish system where autologous samples can be stored in public banks but with the proviso that if at any time the stored sample is required by any person other than the donor, it would have to be given to them. PMID:23130743

Aznar Lucea, Justo

2012-01-01

346

The effects of culture on banking strategy : a study of three banks in three countries  

E-print Network

Every company pursues a different strategy, and banks are no different. In the banking industry, each bank performs its business based on its own business strategies. Japanese banks have different strategies, but in terms ...

Kuroiwa, Seiichi

2006-01-01

347

Poverty and Nutrition in Bolivia. A World Bank Country Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Bolivia, malnutrition afflicts about 25 percent of children under 3 and 12-24 percent of women. It contributes to high death rates, immune deficiency, learning disabilities, and low work productivity. Malnutrition and its effects are particularly severe among poor, rural, and indigenous populations. Malnutrition is both caused by and causes…

McGuire, Judith; Lopez, Cynthia

348

Monitoring Educational Performance in the Caribbean. World Bank Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study represents a first attempt at providing a comprehensive quantification of educational outcomes in the Caribbean region. Its main objectives are: (1) to define a set of operationally relevant education indicators; (2) to provide a database of comparable education indicators in Caribbean countries where data is available, namely Belize,…

di Gropello, Emanuela

349

Agricultural Extension in Africa. A World Bank Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contributors to this document compare the main approaches to agricultural extension in sub-Saharan Africa; the cost-effectiveness in view of precarious national budgets; the weaknesses of the system for generating technology; the difficulties in forging productive partnerships between researchers, extensionists and farmers; the ineffective…

Roberts, Nigel, Ed.

350

Trees, land, and labor. World Bank environment paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the results of a research study which investigated the establishment, management and clearance of woodlots by farmers in a densely populated area of Kenya. It analyzes the factors which influenced their decisions to plant or clear their woodlots and shows how these are primarily related to the family lifecycle and the agricultural input and product markets in which they operate.

Dewees, P.A.

1993-12-01

351

The IMF/World Bank Structural Adjustment Program and its  

E-print Network

· Guyana's Structural Adjustment Program · Environmental Effects of Gold Mining and Forestry · Some · Background · Overview of Structural Adjustment and the Environment · Guyana's Mining and Forestry Sectors gap is the link between SAP and the Mining and Forestry Sectors and their impact on the Environment

352

World Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a report that deals with several topics from different parts of the world. A system for creating more meaningful maps, the recycling of organic wastes in agriculture in China, and producing pigs and poultry without pollution problems are among the topics presented. (HM)

Ceres, 1978

1978-01-01

353

Our World?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authored by individuals from five Nordic countries, this book focuses on questions about the child's right to live in and learn about an ecologically sustainable world. The first five chapters are theoretical in character, while the final six chapters are derived from work done by early childhood teachers together with children. The goal of the…

Samuelsson, Ingrid Pramling, Ed.

354

BANK LEVERAGE, FINANCIAL FRAGILITY AND PRUDENTIAL REGULATION  

E-print Network

Stability Forum and Committee on the Global Financial System Joint Working Group (2009)). This excess of the autumn of 2008, in particular for the major European banks and for US investment banks. The increase and the crisis, the top 50 major global banks, of the US investment banks and European universal banks, had

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

355

Banking antitrust: are the assumptions still valid?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In bank antitrust analyses, banking regulators rely on certain assumptions about products and services of banks, the markets in which they operate, competitors within those markets, and the effects of mergers or acquisitions on those markets. During the 1990s, financial innovation and changes in banking regulations changed the landscape in which banks compete. Consequently, the assumptions behind antitrust analyses have

R. Alton Gilbert; Adam M. Zaretsky

2003-01-01

356

Human Milk Banking in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Approximately 30 milk banks existed in the early 1980s in the United States, whereas seven banks currently exist in the United States and one in Canada. Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in human milk banks as evidenced by the number of institutions in various stages of developing new human milk banks. During 2003, North American milk banks

Kim Updegrove

2005-01-01

357

The Problems of First World Information for Third World Development: A Need for Communication Research Capability in the Third World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dissemination of technical information to the third world has been the backbone of first world development efforts in the past decade. This paper examines traditional dissemination-utilization technology transfer models, discusses the meanings and manifestations of development, and points to problems caused by the one-way flow of information…

Schuelke, L. David; Bond, Douglas

358

Bank Competition and Financial Stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the traditional “competition-fragility” view, more bank competition erodes market power, decreases profit margins, and\\u000a results in reduced franchise value that encourages bank risk taking. Under the alternative “competition-stability” view, more\\u000a market power in the loan market may result in higher bank risk as the higher interest rates charged to loan customers make\\u000a it harder to repay loans, and exacerbate

Allen N. Berger; Leora F. Klapper; Rima Turk-Ariss

2009-01-01

359

Specification of a Human Reliability Data Bank for conducting HRA segments of PRAs for nuclear power plants  

SciTech Connect

The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), and General Physics Corporation have conducted a research program to develop a Human Reliability Data Bank for nuclear power industry probabilistic risk assessment (PRA). As part of this program, a survey of existing human reliability data banks from other industries was conducted and a concept of a Data Bank for the nuclear industry was developed. The results of these efforts were published in the two volumes of NUREG/CR-2744: ''Human Reliability Data Bank for Nuclear Power Plant Operations: Volume 1, A Review of Existing Human Reliability Data Banks, and Volume 2, A Data Bank Concept and System Description.'' This document, NUREG/CR-4010, is the revised technical specification for the Human Reliability Data Bank. The organization of the Data Bank and a description of a data publication, the Human Reliability Data Manual, are provided. Details of the administration and operation of the Data Bank are discussed. Appendices present the detailed procedures for processing data, revising the Data Manual, operating the Data Bank, and reviewing data for the Data Bank. The final appendix is a skeleton version (structure only) of the Data Manual.

Comer, M.K.; Donovan, M.D.

1985-02-01

360

78 FR 53146 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...acquire voting shares of The Bank of Delmarva, Seaford, Delaware. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago (Colette A. Fried...Liam Foster Hodgson, Beaver Island, Michigan; all as members...voting shares of Charlevoix State Bank, both in Charlevoix,...

2013-08-28

361

75 FR 39259 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2010. A. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (Kenneth Binning...Limited, Tortola, British Virgin Islands, and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Oceanic Bank Holdings, Inc., and...

2010-07-08

362

76 FR 11781 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...voting shares of North Alabama Bank, both of Hazel Green, Alabama...voting shares of Northside Bank, both of Adairsville, Georgia...Michael Hull Erdman, Merritt Island, Florida; to retain voting shares of Sunrise Bank, Cocoa Beach, Florida....

2011-03-03

363

76 FR 72705 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Minnesota, and Jenny Lynn Verner, Victoria, Minnesota, Zachary Miller Zacek...Minnwest Bank, M.V., Redwood Falls, Minnesota; Minnwest Bank South...Minnesota, and Minnwest Bank Sioux Falls, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Board of...

2011-11-25

364

78 FR 11647 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...voting shares of Cornerstone Bank, both in Mt. Laurel, New Jersey. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (Chapelle Davis...Bruce T. and Sheba Lucas; Universal Finance & Investments LLC...voting shares of First Home Bank, both in Seminole,...

2013-02-19

365

WORLD OCEAN ATLAS 2013 Product Documentation  

E-print Network

WORLD OCEAN ATLAS 2013 Product Documentation Ocean Climate Laboratory NODC / NESDIS / NOAA Silver: World Ocean Atlas 2013 Product Documentation. T. Boyer, Ed.; A. Mishonov, Technical Ed.; 14 pp-scale distributions and low-frequency variability from seasonal-to-decadal time scales of ocean properties. He was one

366

Test Flying the World's Fastest Airplane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. This paper discusses the inception, design, and technical operations and political aspects of the SR-71 Blackbird, which currently holds the high-altitude world speed record. He will also discuss the F-104 Starfighter which holds the low-altitude world speed record and the F117-Stealth and the ATF (YF-22).

B. Gilliland

2008-01-01

367

World Learning  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of international organizations have seen fit to engage in broad-based projects in order to create and sustain social change in various parts of the world. The World Learning for International Development organization is one such entity, and for the past eight decades it has been involved in programs that "are based on local partnerships with people who have an active and respected role in addressing their own development challenges". Currently, the organization's programs take place in more than 50 countries, and are organized around the themes of education, civil society, and training and exchange. From the homepage, visitors can view some of the organization's timely publications and also read about its latest success stories in place such as Albania and Malawi.

368

Sea World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Excellent resource for information and teaching activities on marine life, designed primarily for elementary level. Teachers can sign up for a monthly e-newsletter (or access archived newsletters) filled with classroom activities, current information, and special links. Also features a searchable database of Sea World education materials and information on camps, marine science careers, and Shamu TV, an award-winning series broadcast around the country via satellite and cable.

369

The World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains the history and ethnology of astronomy. It contains an interactive atlas of the world which allows the learner to choose the area they wish to learn more about, a glossary, a timeline of the major events in the history of Astronomy, and also a collection of information and activities for educators and students. The website also offers a bibliography of the many people who contributed to astronomy and cosmology, as well as many other things.

Penprase, Bryan

2004-07-16

370

Sea World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an excellent resource for information and teaching activities on marine life, designed primarily for elementary level. Teachers can sign up for a monthly e-newsletter (or access archived newsletters) filled with classroom activities, current information, and special links. Also features a searchable database of Sea World education materials and information on camps, marine science careers, and Shamu TV, an award-winning series broadcast around the country via satellite and cable.

2012-09-07

371

Spice World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners create a map showing the origins of spices and herbs from a favorite recipe(s). Learners first research the origins of the ingredients and then locate them on a world map. Learners glue a bit of each spice to its "home" country and add labels. This activity guide includes extensions for younger and older children, tips for parents, and links.

Xpeditions, National G.

2008-01-01

372

Using Banks: Teaching Banking Skills to Low-Income Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of six on teaching consumer matters to low-income adults, discusses banking skills. Topics include banking services (savings accounts, safety deposit boxes, Christmas clubs, loans, etc.), checking accounts (deposits, checkwriting, check registers, opening an account), how to use the check register (cancelled checks, deposits),…

Shurtz, Mary Ann; LeFlore, Ann Becker

373

UConn Behavioral Gene Bank The UConn Behavioral Gene Bank  

E-print Network

illness? Mental illnesses include disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression, anxiety affected by these disorders as well. What is a Gene Bank? Information and tissue samples such as blood to establish a Gene Bank to support research to find causes of illnesses or behavioral disorders. Participation

Oliver, Douglas L.

374

12 CFR 204.121 - Bankers' banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...regarded as a bankers' bank is specified in paragraph...the Act and the bankers' bank exemption. Second...of total liabilities (or net worth if the institution does...regarded as a bankers' bank and will be required...

2010-01-01

375

A Cobb Douglas stochastic frontier model on measuring domestic bank efficiency in Malaysia.  

PubMed

Banking system plays an important role in the economic development of any country. Domestic banks, which are the main components of the banking system, have to be efficient; otherwise, they may create obstacle in the process of development in any economy. This study examines the technical efficiency of the Malaysian domestic banks listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE) market over the period 2005-2010. A parametric approach, Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA), is used in this analysis. The findings show that Malaysian domestic banks have exhibited an average overall efficiency of 94 percent, implying that sample banks have wasted an average of 6 percent of their inputs. Among the banks, RHBCAP is found to be highly efficient with a score of 0.986 and PBBANK is noted to have the lowest efficiency with a score of 0.918. The results also show that the level of efficiency has increased during the period of study, and that the technical efficiency effect has fluctuated considerably over time. PMID:22900009

Hasan, Md Zobaer; Kamil, Anton Abdulbasah; Mustafa, Adli; Baten, Md Azizul

2012-01-01

376

A Cobb Douglas Stochastic Frontier Model on Measuring Domestic Bank Efficiency in Malaysia  

PubMed Central

Banking system plays an important role in the economic development of any country. Domestic banks, which are the main components of the banking system, have to be efficient; otherwise, they may create obstacle in the process of development in any economy. This study examines the technical efficiency of the Malaysian domestic banks listed in the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange (KLSE) market over the period 2005–2010. A parametric approach, Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA), is used in this analysis. The findings show that Malaysian domestic banks have exhibited an average overall efficiency of 94 percent, implying that sample banks have wasted an average of 6 percent of their inputs. Among the banks, RHBCAP is found to be highly efficient with a score of 0.986 and PBBANK is noted to have the lowest efficiency with a score of 0.918. The results also show that the level of efficiency has increased during the period of study, and that the technical efficiency effect has fluctuated considerably over time. PMID:22900009

Hasan, Md. Zobaer; Kamil, Anton Abdulbasah; Mustafa, Adli; Baten, Md. Azizul

2012-01-01

377

Idea Bank: Changing Misconceptions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

During student-centered learning activities, students actively engage in their own learning based on individual prior understandings. It can be difficult for a teacher to know if students fully understand the concepts being presented, especially if they do not comment or ask questions because they are shy or afraid of getting something wrong. Teachers may not know students' true ideas until they express themselves on a written summative exam, and then it is often too late to correct them before rushing off to the next topic. Therefore, the author uses pretests, daily learning logs, and posttests to assess student learning and change misconceptions. She shares her strategy in this month's Idea Bank.

Holzmiller, Tara

2008-12-01

378

Online Access to the World Transindex File (Acces en Conversationnel au Fichier World Transindex).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A database providing bibliographic information and the source for translations of scientific and technical literature from Eastern Europe and Asia into western languages, World Transindex includes the information which was published until 1977 in the Worl...

D. Pelissier, M. Mallet

1979-01-01

379

Economic Efficiency of Texas Country Banks.  

E-print Network

banks, and 3) from capital, surplus, and undivided profits of the itself. But since bankers usually borrow from other banks only in t gencies and since a large portion of the bank's own funds are invest1 the bank building, deposits are the chief... banks, and 3) from capital, surplus, and undivided profits of the itself. But since bankers usually borrow from other banks only in t gencies and since a large portion of the bank's own funds are invest1 the bank building, deposits are the chief...

Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

1932-01-01

380

Bank erosion in cold regions  

SciTech Connect

River and lake bank erosion is caused by multiple processes and influenced by many conditions that interact in complex ways. Their importance will vary spatially and temporally due in large part to regional and seasonal differences in climate, hydrology and soils. In cold areas, these normally complex interactions are further complicated because the same process or condition may cause erosion at one time and prevent erosion at another. Bank sediments when frozen may be more resistant to erosion than when unfrozen. However, during the process of freezing, soil structure can be disrupted and sediment pore water can be drawn to the freezing zone within the soil; ice formation may make bank sediment more susceptible to erosion during spring thaw. Ice that has been forced onto and piled upon a shore by wind or thermal expansion can cause considerable localized damage and yet can also protect shores against winter waves and nearshore currents. Ice push can form sediment ramparts that protect the toe of a bank. Spray from winds and waves can freeze to banks, covering them with a protective layer of ice. When river or lake water levels are high enough, however, ice can erode banks by shoving, gouging and disrupting bank sediment. This paper reviews the state of knowledge regarding the importance of cold regions factors in determining the erodibility and erosion of bank sediments. Ongoing investigations to improve methods of erosion prediction in cold climates will also be detailed.

Gatto, L.W. (Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Lab., Hanover, NH (United States). Geological Sciences Branch)

1993-03-01

381

The Central Bank in Colombia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade the issue of the optimal degree of central bank independence has been at the center of attention of academics and policymakers in many countries. The direction of institutional reform has almost universally been toward making central banks more independent from political pressure. The motivation of this move is linked to an increased emphasis on price stability

Alberto Alesina; Alberto Carrasquilla; RobertoSteiner

2000-01-01

382

Disney World: Disney World Village  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pictured is the retail store, Miss Merrily’s Fashions, one of the many shops in the Disney World Village. Upon the shopping center’s opening in 1975, the area was originally called Lake Buena Vista Village. Filled with a various spectrum of retail shops and restaurants, this shopping center has been a main attraction for many of the amusement park’s visitors.

Chet Smolski

1978-01-01

383

Wumpus World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Giorgio Ingargiola, Associate Profession of Computer and Information Science at Temple University, has created the Wumpus World as an example of knowledge representation, reasoning, and planning to "introduce the Situation Calculus, the Frame Problem, and a variety of axioms." The axioms presented include Effect Axioms, Frame Axioms, and Successor-State Axioms. The lesson is followed by four questions which ask students to reflect and evaluate what they have just learned. This site is an excellent resource for calculus educators, and for students looking to further their calculus skills.

Ingargiola, Giorgio

2008-04-07

384

12 CFR 989.4 - Requirement for voluntary bank disclosure.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Requirement for voluntary bank disclosure. 989.4 Section 989.4 Banks and Banking...STATEMENTS OF THE BANKS § 989.4 Requirement for voluntary bank disclosure. Any financial statements...

2010-01-01

385

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. (a) Bank...

2013-01-01

386

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. (a) Bank...

2011-01-01

387

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. (a) Bank...

2012-01-01

388

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. (a) Bank...

2014-01-01

389

12 CFR 345.44 - Public notice by banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Public notice by banks. 345.44 Section 345.44 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS...Requirements § 345.44 Public notice by banks. A bank shall provide in...

2010-01-01

390

12 CFR 345.44 - Public notice by banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 false Public notice by banks. 345.44 Section 345.44 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND STATEMENTS...Requirements § 345.44 Public notice by banks. A bank shall provide in...

2011-01-01

391

12 CFR 1261.13 - Ineligible Bank directors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Ineligible Bank directors. 1261.13 Section 1261.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan...

2011-01-01

392

12 CFR 1261.13 - Ineligible Bank directors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ineligible Bank directors. 1261.13 Section 1261.13 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan...

2010-01-01

393

12 CFR 1261.12 - Reporting requirements for Bank directors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Reporting requirements for Bank directors. 1261.12 Section 1261.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan...

2011-01-01

394

12 CFR 977.2 - Transfer of funds between Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Transfer of funds between Banks. 977.2 Section 977.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD MISCELLANEOUS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES MISCELLANEOUS BANK...

2011-01-01

395

12 CFR 977.2 - Transfer of funds between Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Transfer of funds between Banks. 977.2 Section 977.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD MISCELLANEOUS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK OPERATIONS AND AUTHORITIES MISCELLANEOUS BANK...

2010-01-01

396

12 CFR 1261.12 - Reporting requirements for Bank directors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reporting requirements for Bank directors. 1261.12 Section 1261.12 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK DIRECTORS Federal Home Loan...

2010-01-01

397

US Banking in the Last Fifty Years: Growth and Adaptation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in August 2002, this working paper from the Social Systems Research Institute at the University of Wisconsin provides a broad overview of the dramatic changes within the commercial banking sector of the United States during the past fifty years. Authored by Professor Emeritus Donald D. Hester of the University's economics department, the paper proceeds chronologically from the conclusion of World War II and provides some comparative insights between the banking situation of the 1920s in the United States with those of the past ten years. Throughout the work, Professor Hester focuses his attention on banking practices, portfolio composition, and the changing role of banks as financial intermediaries. In the course of his work, Professor Hester concludes that banks have been increasingly discarding their traditional mode of financing loans and investments with deposits they collect, instead becoming brokers who originate loans and then use securitization to lodge them with other investors who are likely to be less informed and correspondingly more vulnerable to losses.

Hester, Donald D.

2002-01-01

398

The fate of the bird specimens from Cook's voyages possessed by Sir Joseph Banks.  

PubMed

Joseph Banks possessed the greater part of the zoological specimens collected on James Cook's three voyages round the world (1768-1780). In early 1792, Banks divided his zoological collection between John Hunter and the British Museum. It is probable that those donations together comprised most of the zoological specimens then in the possession of Banks, including such bird specimens as remained of those that had been collected by himself and Daniel Solander on Cook's first voyage, and those that had been presented to him from Cook's second and third voyages. The bird specimens included in the Banks donations of 1792 became part of a series of transactions during the succeeding 53 years which involved the British Museum, the Royal College of Surgeons of England, and William Bullock. It is a great pity that, of the extensive collection of bird specimens from Cook's voyages once possessed by Banks, only two are known with any certainty to survive. PMID:20014506

Medway, David G

2009-10-01

399

Trends in the efficiency of Singapore's commercial banking groups : A non-stochastic frontier DEA window analysis approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the long-term trend in the efficiency of the Singapore banking sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper utilises the data envelopment analysis (DEA) window analysis methodology, which allows us to distinguish between three different types of efficiency namely, technical, pure technical and scale efficiencies. Given that the sample population is small, the

Fadzlan Sufian

2007-01-01

400

Nonlinear Properties, Complexity, and Emergence in the Governance Of the World Trade Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Immediately after World War II the allied powers began what would be a slow march towards a worldwide economic and political order. They established an organization for political and military crises (the United Nations), economic rehabilitation (the International Monetary Fund), facilitation of capital transfers (the World Bank), and promotion of free trade among nations (the World Trade Organization). These organizations

Roger W Clark; George C Philippatos

2010-01-01

401

5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS  

E-print Network

5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil market. Will world oil demand increase and, if so, by how much? How will world oil prices be affected

402

World's forests  

SciTech Connect

An appropriate rate of deforestation is complicated because forests are associated with many problems involving local economic and social needs, the global need for wood, and the environmental impact on climates and the biological genetic pool. Stable forest land exists in the developed regions of North America, Europe, the USSR, Oceania, and China in the Temperate Zone. Tropical deforestation, however, is estimated at 0.58% per year, with the pressure lowest on virgin forests. While these data omit plantation forests, the level of replacement does not offset the decline. There is some disagreement over the rate and definition of deforestation, but studies showing that the world is in little danger of running out of forests should not discourage tropical areas where forests are declining from making appropriate responses to the problem. 3 references. (DCK)

Sedjo, R.A.; Clawson, M.

1982-10-01

403

Millennium Seed Bank Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of organizations have developed a concerted interest in establishing seed banks to protect the wide diversity of existing plant life for future generations. The Royal Botanic Gardens is currently working on their own project, whose ultimate goal is to collect 24,000 plant species. So far, they have successfully secured samples from almost all of the native flowering plants in the United Kingdom, and their work continues on in the present day. Many visitors to the site will want to peruse their homepage and the helpful graphic (a peapod) helps orient first-time visitors to the various sections on the site, such as "Solving Seed Problems" and their publications and data area. The site also includes a field manual for those who would like to collect their own seeds in the field as well as data about the seeds collected thus far in the Seed Information Database.

2005-01-01

404

Assessment of catalysts for control of No\\/sub x\\/ from stationary power plants. Phase 1, Volume II. Data bank citation indices. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume is comprised of three computer printouts representing three indices of the ''Catalytic NOx Abatement Data Bank'' developed for the ''Technical and Economic Assessment of Catalysts for Control of NOx from Stationary Power Plants'' Program. The data bank contains in excess of 250 documents (articles and patents) selected from the following areas of NOx and NOx-SOx R and D

E. P. Koutsoukos; J. L. Blumenthal; M. Ghassemi; G. Bauerle

1975-01-01

405

Beyond Six Billion: Forecasting the World's Population  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As part of their continuing practice of making recently published titles available in their entirety online, the National Academy Press last month posted Beyond Six Billion: Forecasting the World's Population, written by the National Research Council's Panel on Population Projections. The study examines national and global population projections from such agencies as the United Nations Population Division, the World Bank, and the US Census Bureau. The panel assesses the "assumptions behind the projections of these various agencies, estimates their accuracy and uncertainty, evaluates the implications of current demographic research, and recommends changes in protocol and new research that might improve projections."

406

China's Banking Reform: The Remaining Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1994, China has endeavoured to establish a banking system that works more closely to commercial principles by transforming the specialized banks (SBs) into state-owned commercial banks (SOCBs). However, lending decisions of the SOCBs were still determined by state directives instead of profitability consideration. This paper argues that although the post-WTO banking reforms have accomplished staggering results, China's SOCBs need

Charles C. L. Kwong

2011-01-01

407

The Organisational Structure of Banking Supervision  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I try to address the question of whether, and why, it matters whether banking supervision is undertaken in-house in the Central Bank or in a separate specialised supervisory institution. After all, the bank supervisors and those in the Central Bank concerned with systemic stability must continue to work closely together wherever the supervisors are physically located. Nevertheless

Charles Goodhart

2000-01-01

408

Bank regulation and the credit crunch  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the direct link between regulatory enforcement actions and the shrinkage of bank loans to sectors likely to be bank dependent. We partition the shrinkage due to loan supply into the component due to explicit regulatory enforcement actions and that due to a voluntary response by bank management to low capital-to-asset ratios. We find that banks with formal

Joe Peek; Eric Rosengren

1995-01-01

409

The Implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view of bank managers in Jordan.  

E-print Network

The Implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view of bank managers in Jordan. The study aims at determine the effect of the implementation of Mobile Bank Usage from marketing point of view in Jordan on the different dimensions of the study (Gender of bank managers, Age of bank managers

410

Introduction Operations Management of Blood Banking Systems Blood Banking Systems Network Design Supply Chain Network  

E-print Network

Supply Chain Network Operations Management and Design of A Sustainable Blood Banking System Amir Masoumi Operations Management of Blood Banking Systems Blood Banking Systems Network Design Supply Chain Management Management of Blood Banking Systems Blood Banking Systems Network Design Supply Chain Management Supply

Nagurney, Anna

411

Do foreign banks increase competition? Evidence from emerging Asian and Latin American banking markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the impact of foreign bank penetration on the competitive structure of domestic banking sectors in host emerging economies. We focus our analysis on Asia and Latin America during the period 1997–2008. Using bank-level panel data to identify foreign banks and to estimate measures of banking competition, we are able to provide robust empirical evidence that

Bang Nam Jeon; María Pía Olivero; Ji Wu

2011-01-01

412

Changes in the banking sector – the case of Internet banking in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is gaining popularity as a delivery channel in the banking sector. At the same time, customer needs are changing. A total of 12 Internet banking operations in the UK are analysed under customer empowerment functions and Internet banking Web attributes. Internet banking renders location and time irrelevant, and empowers customers with greater control of their accounts. Banks achieve

Chanaka Jayawardhena; Paul Foley

2000-01-01

413

Acces en Conversationnel au Fichier World Transindex. [Online Access to the World Transindex File].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A database providing bibliographic information and the source for translations of scientific and technical literature from Eastern Europe and Asia into western languages, World Transindex includes the information which was published until 1977 in the World Index of Scientific Translations, Transatom Bulletin, and Bulletin of Translations. It was…

Pelissier, Denise; Mallet, Monorama

414

World War II  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

World Conflict How did the second world war progress in Europe?War in Europe What happened before and after the war in the Pacific?The Pacific Theatre How did World War II change the world?World War, 1939-1945 What did World War II mean to the United States?World War II ...

Croxall, Ms.

2006-11-30

415

Technical Note: Nuclear regulatory commission's examination question bank system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is responsible for licensing reactor operators and senior reactor operators in the nuclear industry. Each year about 100 written examinations are given at different nuclear plant sites in support of this task. The examination process has several high-level requirements: (1) each examination must contain a specified scope of knowledge with predetermined sublevels in correct proportion to

C. L. Jensen; N. L. Skinner

2009-01-01

416

Idea Bank: Explaining Biological Phenomena  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Idea Bank, the author provides two classroom activities that integrate argumentation, explanation, and the use of evidence with biology content. The first example fits within an ecology unit; the second works well in one on evolution. These exampl

Levin, Daniel M.

2010-09-01

417

Blood Banking in Living Droplets  

E-print Network

Blood banking has a broad public health impact influencing millions of lives daily. It could potentially benefit from emerging biopreservation technologies. However, although vitrification has shown advantages over traditional ...

Samot, Josh

418

Evolution of Scientific and Technical Information Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Wide Web (WWW) and related information technologies are transforming the distribution of scientific and technical information (STI). We examine 11 recent, functioning digital libraries focusing on the distribution of STI publications, including journal articles, conference papers, and technical reports. We introduce 4 main categories of digital library projects: based on the architecture (distributed vs. centralized) and the contributor (traditional

Sandra L. Esler; Michael L. Nelson

1998-01-01

419

An assessment of biofuel use and burning of agricultural waste in the developing world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an assessment of biofuel use and agricultural field burning in the developing world. We used information from government statistics, energy assessments from the World Bank, and many technical reports, as well as from discussions with experts in agronomy, forestry, and agro-industries. We estimate that 2060 Tg biomass fuel was used in the developing world in 1985; of this, 66% was burned in Asia, and 21% and 13% in Africa and Latin America, respectively. Agricultural waste supplies about 33% of total biofuel use, providing 39%, 29%, and 13% of biofuel use in Asia, Latin America, and Africa, and 41% and 51% of the biofuel use in India and China. We find that 400 Tg of crop residues are burned in the fields, with the fraction of available residue burned in 1985 ranging from 1% in China, 16-30% in the Middle East and India, to about 70% in Indonesia; in Africa about 1% residue is burned in the fields of the northern drylands, but up to 50% in the humid tropics. We distributed this biomass burning on a spatial grid with resolution of 1° × 1°, and applied emission factors to the amount of dry matter burned to give maps of trace gas emissions in the developing world. The emissions of CO from biofuel use in the developing world, 156 Tg, are about 50% of the estimated global CO emissions from fossil fuel use and industry. The emission of 0.9 Pg C (as CO2) from burning of biofuels and field residues together is small, but nonnegligible when compared with the emissions of CO2 from fossil fuel use and industry, 5.3 Pg C. The biomass burning source of 10 Tg/yr for CH4 and 2.2 Tg N/yr of NOx are relatively small when compared with total CH4 and NOx sources; this source of NOx may be important on a regional basis.

Yevich, Rosemarie; Logan, Jennifer A.

2003-12-01

420

The Role of Bank Advisors in Mergers and Acquisitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at the role of commercial banks and investment banks as financial advisor's. Unlike some areas of investment banking, commercial banks have always been allowed to compete directly with traditional investment banks in this area. In their role as lenders and advisor's, banks can be viewed as serving a certification function. However, banks acting as both lenders and

Linda Allen; Julapa Jagtiani; Stavros Peristiani; Anthony Saunders

2001-01-01

421

How Do Banks Determine Capital? Empirical Evidence for Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how capital is determined by German banks. We analyse whether the determinants found in the previous empirical literature hold for the special German banking sector with its three characteristic banking groups of savings banks, cooperative banks and other banks. On the basis of a unique data set of nearly all German banks between 1992 and 2001 provided

Martin Weber; Volker Kleff

2003-01-01

422

Chemical Bank: Financing Arms Exports  

Microsoft Academic Search

The credit-policy committee of Chemical Bank must decide whether to retain, revise, or reject the bank's long-standing policy against financing the export of military and police equipment. Account officers closely involved with the defense industry have requested that the policy be revised to permit financing of any government-approved sales. The case describes the history of the policy and the ethical,

Henry Tulloch; Lynn Paine; Susan Woodward

423

Cash efficiency for bank branches.  

PubMed

Bank liquidity management has become a major issue during the financial crisis as liquidity shortages have intensified and have put pressure on banks to diversity and improve their liquidity sources. While a significant strand of the literature concentrates on wholesale liquidity generation and on the alternative to deposit funding, the management of an inventory of cash holdings within the banks' branches is also a relevant issue as any significant improvement in cash management at the bank distribution channels may have a positive effect in reducing liquidity tensions. In this paper, we propose a simple programme of cash efficiency for the banks' branches, very easy to implement, which conform to a set of instructions to be imposed from the bank to their branches. This model proves to significantly reduce cash holdings at branches thereby providing efficiency improvements in liquidity management. The methodology we propose is based on the definition of some stochastic processes combined with renewal processes, which capture the random elements of the cash flow, before applying suitable optimization programmes to all the costs involved in cash movements. The classical issue of the Transaction Demand for the Cash and some aspects of Inventory Theory are also present. Mathematics Subject Classification (2000) C02, C60, E50. PMID:24010026

Cabello, Julia García

2013-01-01

424

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement,...

2012-01-01

425

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement, Reconverting...

2013-01-01

426

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement,...

2011-01-01

427

12 CFR Appendix D to Part 229 - Indorsement, Reconverting Bank Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards  

...Identification, and Truncating Bank Identification Standards D Appendix D to Part 229 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC) Pt. 229, App. D Appendix D to Part 229—Indorsement, Reconverting...

2014-01-01

428

12 CFR 552.2-7 - Conversion to National banking association or State bank.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conversion to National banking association or State bank...ASSOCIATIONS-INCORPORATION, ORGANIZATION, AND CONVERSION § 552.2-7 Conversion to National banking association or State...

2010-01-01

429

Bank Capital Standards for Market Risk: A Welfare Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

. We propose a simple model that is suitable for evaluating alternative bank capital regulatoryproposals for market risk. Our model formalizes the conflict between bank objectives andregulatory goals. Banks\\

David A. Marshall; Subu Venkataraman

1999-01-01

430

A World View Sampler.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An overview of topics discussed at the World View '84 conference, sponsored by the World Future Society, is provided. Topics include technology, the economy, the Third World, the environment, world order, and outer space. (RM)

Willard, Timothy; And Others

1984-01-01

431

The impact of liberalization on the productive efficiency of Indian commercial banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the productive efficiency of 70 Indian commercial banks during the early stages (1986–1991) of the ongoing period of liberalization. We use data envelopment analysis to calculate radial technical efficiency scores. We then use stochastic frontier analysis to attribute variation in the calculated efficiency scores to three sources: a temporal component, an ownership component, and a random noise component.

Arunava Bhattacharyya; C. A. K. Lovell; Pankaj Sahay

1997-01-01

432

Machine-Aided Translation: From Terminology Banks to Interactive Translation Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid growth of the need for technical translations in recent years has led specialists to utilize computer technology to improve the efficiency and quality of translation. The two approaches considered were automatic translation and terminology banks. Since the results of fully automatic translation were considered unsatisfactory by various…

Greenfield, Concetta C.; Serain, Daniel

433

V-TECS Criterion-Referenced Test Item Bank for Radiologic Technology Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States (V-TECS) criterion-referenced test item bank provides 696 multiple-choice items and 33 matching items for radiologic technology occupations. These job titles are included: radiologic technologist, chief; radiologic technologist; nuclear medicine technologist; radiation therapy technologist;…

Reneau, Fred; And Others

434

PARTICULATE HOT GAS STREAM CLEANUP TECHNICAL ISSUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This quarterly report describes technical activities performed under Contract No. DE-AC21-94MC31160. The analyses of hot gas stream cleanup (HGCU) ashes and descriptions of filter performance studied under Task 1 of this contract are designed to address problems with filter operation that are apparently linked to characteristics of the collected ash. This report reviews the status of the HGCU data bank

D. H. Pontius

1999-01-01

435

World exploration highlights  

SciTech Connect

High petroleum prices have stimulated worldwide exploration. Better understanding of the basic principles of the origin and primary migration of hydrocarbons and of basin tectonic processes have aided in selecting areas that warrant intensive exploration. There is renewed interest in oil prospects of overthrust belts, and attention has been drawn to the high potential of buried Late Tertiary reefs in tropical regions. Advances in seismic data gathering and processing have greatly increased the usefulness of geophysical surveys, once essentially limited to the search for closed structures. Since 1979, oil production has been found in previously unproductive basins, such as the Grand Banks of Newfoundland, and even in newly discovered basins, including southwestern Sudan and the Gulf of Beibu (Tonkin) off southern China. The most significant oil discovery in recent years is the Hibernia field off Newfoundland. Large gas fields have been found in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, off Cameroun in West Africa, onshore and offshore in Spain and in Sharjah on the Arabian Peninsula. Numerous other fields have been found throughout the world, but data are insufficient for estimating the size of many of these discoveries, even though some will certainly prove to be in the giant class. Data on the Soviet Union are insufficient for commenting on recent exploration results. Companies have been granted large new contract areas for petroleum exploration in many countries, some of them in basins already surveyed in reconnaissance, others untouched by modern geophysical methods. Availability of new land rights ensures that the present drive for new oil and gas resources will continue in future years, probably with a similar degree of success. 1 figure.

King, R.E.

1981-10-01

436

Women Entrepreneurs in the Developing World. CELCEE Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although many of the 100 million women employed in the developing world are entrepreneurs, they are often unable to become self sufficient or to adequately support their families through entrepreneurship. However, in the past decade, several entities, from microlending banks to United Nations task forces, have intervened to enable women in…

Seymour, Nicole

437

Highlights from the First World Congress of Education International.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers in this volume reflect the general theme of the congress, "Educators United, Ready for Change." A theme that emerged during the conference concerned the need to fight structural adjustment programs, imposed by the World Bank or the International Monetary Fund, which were destroying the educational and social infrastructure of many…

Education International, Brussels (Belgium).

438

Analyses of Blood Bank Efficiency, Cost-Effectiveness and Quality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In view of the increasing costs of hospital care, it is essential to investigate methods to improve the labor efficiency and the cost-effectiveness of the hospital technical core in order to control costs while maintaining the quality of care. This study was conducted to develop indices to measure efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and the quality of blood banks; to identify factors associated with efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and quality; and to generate strategies to improve blood bank labor efficiency and cost-effectiveness. Indices developed in this study for labor efficiency and cost-effectiveness were not affected by patient case mix and illness severity. Factors that were associated with labor efficiency were identified as managerial styles, and organizational designs that balance workload and labor resources. Medical directors' managerial involvement was not associated with labor efficiency, but their continuing education and specialty in blood bank were found to reduce the performance of unnecessary tests. Surprisingly, performing unnecessary tests had no association with labor efficiency. This suggested the existence of labor slack in blood banks. Cost -effectiveness was associated with workers' benefits, wages, and the production of high-end transfusion products by hospital-based donor rooms. Quality indices used in this study included autologous transfusion rates, platelet transfusion rates, and the check points available in an error-control system. Because the autologous transfusion rate was related to patient case mix, severity of illness, and possible inappropriate transfusion, it was not recommended to be used for quality index. Platelet-pheresis transfusion rates were associated with the transfusion preferences of the blood bank medical directors. The total number of check points in an error -control system was negatively associated with government ownership and workers' experience. Recommendations for improving labor efficiency and cost-effectiveness were focused on an incentive system that encourages team effort, and the use of appropriate measurements for laboratory efficiency and operational system designs.

Lam, Hwai-Tai Chen

439

Assessment of river bank erosion in Southern Minnesota rivers post European settlement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

River bank erosion is one of the major sources of sediment for many rivers around the world. With the current emphasis on developing total maximum daily loads (TMDLs) for impaired waters in the United States, there is heightened interest in quantifying background sediment levels in rivers. In this study, we assessed variations in river bank erosion over time using a combination of 1855 Public Land Survey System plats, aerial photographs from 1938 to 2009, and light detection and ranging (lidar) data from 2005 to 2009 for sediment impaired rivers in Southern Minnesota. Results showed that bank erosion was episodic, making comparisons of erosion rates from dissimilar time intervals unreliable. For comparable time intervals, average river bank retreat rates (0.51 m yr- 1 from 1855 to 1938 vs. 0.37 m yr- 1 from 1938 to 2009) were statistically similar (t = 2.13, p = 0.14) suggesting that bank erosion rates have remained stable since European settlement. Comparisons over shorter time intervals of 1938-1971 and 1971-2009 also showed similar statistical trends (t = 0.76, p = 0.45) with average river bank retreat rates of 0.57 and 0.50 m yr- 1, respectively. However, additional 145 observations of bank retreat were found in the period 1971-2009 relative to 1938-1971, indicating that the number of actively eroding river banks may have increased over time. Contrary to assumptions made in the literature, bank erosion measurements using lidar data showed a poor relationship (r2 = 0.01 to 0.36) with river bank physical features (face area, inclined surface area, length, slope, height, and aspect), thus suggesting that extrapolating a limited number of bank erosion observations to the whole length of a river will lead to erroneous predictions. This lack of relationship was expected considering that most of these bank physical features do not fully represent bank erosion processes such as seepage, freeze-thaw, river migration, under cutting and sapping. We conclude that, in assessing conservation measures or developing TMDLs to manage river sediment loads, (1) background levels of suspended sediments from river bank erosion should be established using comparable time intervals, and (2) up scaling of discrete volume loss measurements to an entire reach should be avoided.

Kessler, Andrew C.; Gupta, Satish C.; Brown, Melinda K.

2013-11-01

440

Idea Bank: Microscopic Impressionism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Claude Monet meets the world of science through Histro-Art, a concept that was conceived from the impressions of an 11th and 12th-grade college preparatory human anatomy and physiology class who were studying histology using a micro-video system. As they observed a slide of smooth muscle, one student noticed the resemblance to impressionist art, and thus the concept was born. In this engaging activity, students observe microscopic slide tissue and interpret impressionism theory using various mediums to create their own art pieces. It is sure to leave them with a lasting "impression" of the connection between art and science.

Reitnauer, John

2005-04-01

441

Buffered banks in multiprocessor systems  

SciTech Connect

A memory design based on logical banks is analyzed for shared memory multiprocessor systems. In this design, each physical bank is replaced by a logical bank consisting of a fast register and subbanks of slower memory. The subbanks are buffered by input and output queues which substantially reduce the effective cycle time when the reference rate is below saturation. The principal contribution of this work is the development of a simple analytical model which leads to scaling relationships among the efficiency, the bank cycle time, the number of processors, the size of the buffers, and the granularity of the banks. These scaling relationships imply that if the interconnection network has sufficient bandwidth to support efficient access using high-speed memory, then lower-speed memory can be substituted with little additional interconnection cost. The scaling relationships are shown to hold for a full datapath vector simulation based on the Cray Y-MP architecture. The model is used to develop design criteria for a system which supports 192 independent reference streams, and the performance of this system is evaluated by simulation over a range of loading conditions. 22 refs.

Robbins, K.A.; Robbins, S. [Univ. of Texas, San Antonio, TX (United States)] [Univ. of Texas, San Antonio, TX (United States)

1995-04-01

442

75 FR 49493 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commerce Corporation, and thereby indirectly acquire additional voting shares of Peoples Bank and Trust Company, both of North Carrollton, Mississippi. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas (E. Ann Worthy, Vice President) 2200 North Pearl Street,...

2010-08-13

443

76 FR 66719 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Assistant Vice President) 1000 Peachtree Street, NE., Atlanta, Georgia 30309: 1. Guido Edwin Hinojosa Cardoso, La Paz, Bolivia; to acquire additional voting shares of Sunrise Bank, Cocoa Beach, Florida. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas (E....

2011-10-27

444

76 FR 4896 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...retain voting shares of Biscayne Bancshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain voting shares of Biscayne Bank, both in Coconut Grove, Florida. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City (Dennis Denney, Assistant Vice President) 1 Memorial Drive,...

2011-01-27

445

77 FR 58141 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Haerr, Fairfield, Iowa, to increase control to more than 25 percent of Perry Investment Company, Perry, Iowa, and thereby indirectly control Raccoon Valley Bank, Perry, Iowa. B. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis (Glenda Wilson,...

2012-09-19

446

76 FR 44914 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G. King, Community Affairs Officer) 90 Hennepin...Minneapolis, Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Stephen L. Grobel, Tabb, Virginia; to individually...Bank, Glasgow, Montana. In addition, Stephen L. Grobel and Peter J. Grobel,...

2011-07-27

447

12 CFR 210.4 - Sending items to Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Sending items to Reserve Banks. 210.4 Section 210.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COLLECTION OF CHECKS AND OTHER ITEMS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND FUNDS...

2010-01-01

448

12 CFR 209.3 - Cancellation of Reserve Bank stock.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Bank stock. 209.3 Section 209.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM ISSUE AND CANCELLATION OF FEDERAL RESERVE BANK CAPITAL STOCK (REGULATION I) § 209.3...

2010-01-01

449

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. Courier...

2013-01-01

450

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. Courier...

2011-01-01

451

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. Courier...

2014-01-01

452

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. Courier...

2010-01-01

453

12 CFR 225.129 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.129 Section 225.129 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. Courier...

2012-01-01

454

75 FR 81145 - Members of Federal Home Loan Banks  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provisions governing Bank membership and the regulatory...Director, Division of Bank Regulation, amy.bogdon...address, on the FHFA Internet Web site at http...Membership Requirements The 12 Banks are instrumentalities...1\\ The Banks are financial cooperatives of...

2010-12-27

455

12 CFR 345.26 - Small bank performance standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Small bank performance standards. 345.26 Section 345.26 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND...Performance § 345.26 Small bank performance standards....

2011-01-01

456

12 CFR 326.8 - Bank Secrecy Act compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Bank Secrecy Act compliance. 326.8 Section 326.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND...SECURITY DEVICES AND PROCEDURES AND BANK SECRECY ACT 1 COMPLIANCE...

2010-01-01

457

12 CFR 326.8 - Bank Secrecy Act compliance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank Secrecy Act compliance. 326.8 Section 326.8 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION REGULATIONS AND...SECURITY DEVICES AND PROCEDURES AND BANK SECRECY ACT 1 COMPLIANCE...

2011-01-01

458

12 CFR 940.2 - Mission of the Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2 Section 940.2 Banks and Banking FEDERAL...BOARD FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK MISSION CORE MISSION ACTIVITIES § 940.2 Mission of the Banks. The mission of the...and (b) Community lending. [65 FR 25278,...

2010-01-01

459

12 CFR 917.4 - Bank Member Products Policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Section 917.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE...THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES...and all applicable Finance Board regulations and...compliance. Each Bank's board of...

2010-01-01

460

12 CFR 1249.15 - Authority of Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Authority of Federal Reserve Banks. 1249.15 Section 1249.15 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY ENTERPRISES BOOK-ENTRY...15 Authority of Federal Reserve Banks. (a) Each Federal...

2011-01-01

461

12 CFR 917.4 - Bank Member Products Policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Section 917.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD GOVERNANCE...THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANKS POWERS AND RESPONSIBILITIES...and all applicable Finance Board regulations and...compliance. Each Bank's board of...

2011-01-01

462

12 CFR 1281.11 - Bank housing goals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank housing goals. 1281.11 Section 1281.11 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK HOUSING GOALS Housing Goals §...

2011-01-01

463

12 CFR 1281.23 - Bank data integrity.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Bank data integrity. 1281.23 Section 1281.23 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION FEDERAL HOME LOAN BANK HOUSING GOALS Reporting Requirements...

2011-01-01

464

Technical Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript provides information and problems for teaching mathematics to vocational education students. Problems reflect applications of mathematical concepts to specific technical areas. The materials are organized into six chapters. Chapter 1 covers basic arithmetic, including fractions, decimals, ratio and proportions, percentages, and…

Flannery, Carol A.

465

Technical Reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following are abstracts of Technical Reports available from the University of Maryland Human-Computer Interaction Laboratory. Requests for single copies may be sent to Teresa Casey, HCIL, A. V. Williams Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (tcasey@cs.umd.edu).

1992-01-01

466

Biobanking in a constantly developing medical world.  

PubMed

Biobank is a very sophisticated system that consists of a programmed storage of biological material and corresponding data. Biobanks are created to be used in medical research, in clinical and translational medicine, and in healthcare. In the past 20 years, a large number of biobanks have been set up around the world, to support the modern research directions in medicine such as omix and personalized medicine. More recently, embryonic and adult stem cell banks have been developed. Stem cell banking was reported to be required for medical research as well as clinical transplant applications. The quality of the samples stored in a biobank is very important. The standardization is also important; the biological material stored in a biobank must be processed in a manner that allows compatibility with other biobanks that preserve samples in the same field. In this paper, we review some issues related to biobanks purposes, quality, harmonization, and their financial and ethical aspects. PMID:24174912

Artene, Stefan-Alexandru; Ciurea, Marius Eugen; Purcaru, Stefana Oana; Tache, Daniela Elise; Tataranu, Ligia Gabriela; Lupu, Mihaela; Dricu, Anica

2013-01-01

467

Multi-tiered S-SOA, Parameter-Driven New Islamic Syariah Products of Holistic Islamic Banking System (HiCORE): Virtual Banking Environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Holistic Islamic Banking System (HiCORE), a banking system suitable for virtual banking environment, created based on universityindustry collaboration initiative between Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) and Fuziq Software Sdn Bhd. HiCORE was modeled on a multitiered Simple - Services Oriented Architecture (S-SOA), using the parameterbased semantic approach. HiCORE's existence is timely as the financial world is looking for a new approach to creating banking and financial products that are interest free or based on the Islamic Syariah principles and jurisprudence. An interest free banking system has currently caught the interest of bankers and financiers all over the world. HiCORE's Parameter-based module houses the Customer-information file (CIF), Deposit and Financing components. The Parameter based module represents the third tier of the multi-tiered Simple SOA approach. This paper highlights the multi-tiered parameter- driven approach to the creation of new Islamiic products based on the 'dalil' (Quran), 'syarat' (rules) and 'rukun' (procedures) as required by the syariah principles and jurisprudence reflected by the semantic ontology embedded in the parameter module of the system.

Halimah, B. Z.; Azlina, A.; Sembok, T. M.; Sufian, I.; Sharul Azman, M. N.; Azuraliza, A. B.; Zulaiha, A. O.; Nazlia, O.; Salwani, A.; Sanep, A.; Hailani, M. T.; Zaher, M. Z.; Azizah, J.; Nor Faezah, M. Y.; Choo, W. O.; Abdullah, Chew; Sopian, B.

468

76 FR 4349 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...inspection at the Federal Reserve Bank indicated. The notices also...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2011. A. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (Clifford Stanford...all in Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, Daniel A. D'Aniello;...

2011-01-25

469

75 FR 75173 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...indirectly acquire control of Bank of the Cascades, both...Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands; Anchorage Capital Partners...control of Central Pacific Bank, both of Honolulu, Hawaii...Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands; and Carlyle Financial...control of Central Pacific Bank, both of Honolulu,...

2010-12-02

470

77 FR 28597 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...inspection at the Federal Reserve Bank indicated. The notices also...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2012. A. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (Adam M. Drimer...1. John W. Crites, Marco Island, Florida, to...

2012-05-15

471

76 FR 58005 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...inspection at the Federal Reserve Bank indicated. The notices also...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2011. A. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (Adam M. Drimer...Beach, California, a Cayman Islands exempted limited...

2011-09-19

472

Islamic Banks and Financial Stability: An Empirical Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relative financial strength of Islamic banks is assessed empirically based on evidence covering individual Islamic and\\u000a commercial banks in 19 banking systems with a substantial presence of Islamic banking. We find that (a) small Islamic banks\\u000a tend to be financially stronger than small commercial banks; (b) large commercial banks tend to be financially stronger than\\u000a large Islamic banks; and

Martin ?ihák; Heiko Hesse

2010-01-01

473

Three essays in governance and banking  

E-print Network

This dissertation consists of three separate essays. In the first essay, privatization is found to improve bank performance by both better monitoring of existing firms, and improved selection of new bank clients. Data on ...

Mian, Atif Rehman, 1975-

2001-01-01

474

40 CFR 97.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 97.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2010-07-01

475

40 CFR 97.355 - Banking.  

...TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 97.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2014-07-01

476

40 CFR 96.355 - Banking.  

...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 96.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2014-07-01

477

40 CFR 96.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 96.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2010-07-01

478

40 CFR 97.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 97.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2011-07-01

479

Keys to Maintaining a Good Banking Relationship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests strategies for finding an appropriate bank for a day care center, maintaining a good relationship with a bank once one has been selected, and obtaining and repaying a day care center loan. (SKC)

Stephens, Keith

1988-01-01

480

75 FR 73983 - Assessments, Large Bank Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION 12 CFR Part...Assessments, Large Bank Pricing AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC...Ryu, Chief, Large Bank Pricing Section, Division of Insurance and Research,...

2010-11-30

481

12 CFR 210.31 - Payment by a Federal Reserve Bank to a receiving bank or beneficiary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...a receiving bank or beneficiary. 210.31 Section 210.31 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM COLLECTION OF CHECKS AND OTHER ITEMS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND FUNDS TRANSFERS...

2010-01-01

482

12 CFR 987.7 - Liability of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-01-01 false Liability of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. 987.7 Section 987.7 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE BOOK-ENTRY...

2011-01-01

483

12 CFR 987.7 - Liability of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Liability of Banks, Finance Board, Office of Finance and Federal Reserve Banks. 987.7 Section 987.7 Banks and Banking FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE BOARD OFFICE OF FINANCE BOOK-ENTRY...

2010-01-01

484

12 CFR 615.5452 - Law governing rights and obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation; rights of any person against...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation. 615.5452 Section 615...ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES...

2011-01-01

485

12 CFR 615.5452 - Law governing rights and obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation; rights of any person against...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation. 615.5452 Section 615...ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES...

2010-01-01

486

12 CFR 615.5452 - Law governing rights and obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation; rights of any person against...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation. 615.5452 Section 615...ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES...

2013-01-01

487

12 CFR 615.5452 - Law governing rights and obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation; rights of any person against...Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation. 615.5452 Section 615...ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM FUNDING AND FISCAL AFFAIRS, LOAN POLICIES...

2012-01-01

488

12 CFR 614.4540 - Other financing institution access to Farm Credit Banks and agricultural credit banks for funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...funds in the money markets; or (2) Otherwise expose the Farm Credit Bank or agricultural credit bank to safety and soundness risks. (e) Notice to applicants. Each Farm Credit Bank or agricultural credit bank shall render its decision...

2010-01-01

489

The hunt for new pulsars with the Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Green Bank Telescope (GBT) is the largest fully steerable radio telescope in the world and is one of our greatest tools for discovering and studying radio pulsars. Over the last decade, the GBT has successfully found over 100 new pulsars through large-area surveys. Here I discuss the two most recent-the GBT 350 MHz Drift-scan survey and the Green Bank North Celestial Cap survey. The primary science goal of both surveys is to find interesting individual pulsars, including young pulsars, rotating radio transients, exotic binary systems, and especially bright millisecond pulsars (MSPs) suitable for inclusion in Pulsar Timing Arrays, which are trying to directly detect gravitational waves. These two surveys have combined to discover 85 pulsars to date, among which are 14 MSPs and many unique and fascinating systems. I present highlights from these surveys and discuss future plans. I also discuss recent results from targeted GBT pulsar searches of globular clusters and Fermi sources.

Lynch, Ryan S.; Bank North Celestial Cap Survey Collaborations

2013-03-01

490

The seasonality of banking failures during the late National Banking Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?In this paper, we expand previous models with banks and money and explore the consequences of seasonals in the banking system. We find that, when bank failures occur, not all of them have associated large output losses and currency premiums exist. We show that the most important sources of seasonal fluctuations for the banking system are those related to the

Bruce D. Smith

2006-01-01

491

From the private bank to the joint-stock bank: the case of France  

E-print Network

with the creation of the investment banks - Paribas (1872) and the Banque de 1 On the financial crisis of 1848 see A. The prosopographic study on the patrons of the Second Empire4 , applied to Parisian financiers and bank1 From the private bank to the joint-stock bank: the case of France (second half of the 19th

Boyer, Edmond

492

Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries  

E-print Network

Market Discipline and Bank Charter Value: The Case of Two Safe Banking Industries Mamiza Haqa discipline and bank charter value using a panel dataset of publicly-listed domestic banks in Australia and Canada over the 1995­2011 periods, with particular focus on the 2007/2008 global financial crisis (GFC

Boyer, Edmond

493

Productivity growth in the Hellenic banking industry: state versus private banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the productivity growth of the Hellenic banking industry employing the Malmquist productivity index on data for 1991 and 1992. The results indicate that although productivity has increased for both state and private banks, the sources of this growth are different. State banks' productivity growth comes from technological progress while private banks', from increased efficiency.

Athanasios G. Noulas

1997-01-01

494

The Merger Of Union Bank Of Switzerland And Swiss Bank Corporation (A): The Proposed Merger  

Microsoft Academic Search

In December 1997 the CEOs of Union Bank of Switzerland and Swiss Bank Corporation are evaluating the proposed terms of merger of their two firms. This transaction promised to change the competitive landscape among commercial banks, investment banks, and asset managers, not only in Europe, but also globally. The case relates the strategic pressures toward consolidation in the global financial

Robert Bruner

495

Scale and Scope Economies in Banking: A Case Study of the Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the scale and scope efficiency of the Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan. Using the production approach to measuring bank outputs and costs, a translog cost function is estimated to provide an assessment of the bank’s scale and scope efficiency, and to quantify the extent to which its production costs are sensitive to size and output mix. Our

Musleh-Ud Din; Ejaz Ghani; Sarfraz K. Qureshi

1996-01-01

496

The third world in the first world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Peace is not just the absence of war. It is also the eradication of poverty, racism, sexism, homophobia, class distinctions, fundamentalism, and other factors that promote degradation and conditions that prevent human beings from achieving their greatest potential.The Third World has always been present in the First World. The First World was from the beginning developed on the back of

Gus Newport

1994-01-01

497

Australian Item Bank Program: Science Item Bank. Book 3: Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Australian Science Item Bank consists of three volumes of multiple-choice questions. Book 3 contains questions on the biological sciences. The questions are designed to be suitable for high school students (year 8 to year 12 in Australian schools). The questions are classified by the subject content of the question, the cognitive skills…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

498

Bank Trends: Analysis of Emerging Risks in Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has released Bank Trends No.98-01 -- No. 98-03 analyzing the time series behavior of personal bankruptcy at the federal and state level, and the influence of legal factors on personal bankruptcy filings.

1998-01-01

499

Banks, Bailouts & Irish Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The OpenCourseWare initiative is a remarkable one and it allows people from all over the world to learn about everything from accounting to Yiddish. This particular course from the University of Notre Dame takes a look at the relationship between Irish literature and economics from the 18th century to the early 21st century. The course was developed by Wes Hamrick and visitors can look over the syllabus, the course schedule, the readings, lecture notes, and related news stories here. The Readings area contains links to online materials, along withs suggested films, compilations of poetry, and so on. The Lecture Notes area is well-done and it covers compelling topics such as Gulliver's Travels, Dubliners, and scholarly articles on the Celtic Tiger phenomenon.

Hamrick, Wes

500

Implications of Repo Markets for Central Banks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A report by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) (reviewed in the March 7, 1997 Scout Report), Implications of Repo Markets for Central Banks, seeks to "enhance central banks' understanding of the economic and monetary policy role of repo markets." Three chapters examine how private market participants use repos for hedging and leverage purposes and focus on the use of repos by central banks as an information source and policy instrument.