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1

Anaerobic digestion: principles and practices for biogas systems. World Bank technical paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report is part of a joint global research, development, and demonstration effort of the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. It explores the history, technology, and applications of anaerobic digestion, the biological process by which organic materials are degraded in the absence of oxygen to produce a combustible gas, methane (CHâ), and carbon dioxide (COâ). The process

C. G. Gunnerson; D. C. Stuckey

1986-01-01

2

World Bank Group: Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Located within the World Bank's Environment Department, the Climate Change team "provides resources and expertise for the World Bank's participation in international climate change negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and provides technical advice to the World Bank's Global Environment Facility Program." Understandably, the site contains a brief explication of the key themes surrounding contemporary concerns about climate change, along with offering a detailed discussion of the various programs and research projects with which the Climate Change group is engaged directly or in tandem with other related organizations and institutions. From the main page, visitors can read about the nature of international climate change (and its disproportionate effects on the developing world), peruse a list of relevant online publications, and read press releases from the Climate Change team.

3

World Bank Photo Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New from the World Bank, this photography library offers over 500 online images of development from around the world. The pictures, works of art in their own right, cover an extensive range of subjects including people, nature, and urban environments. Registration is required. Users may, however, browse the library by entering "guest" in the user name field and "browse" as the password. The library offers both a simple keyword search, as well as an advanced search which allows users to search for images in specific fields including country, topic, photographer, and description. The photographs, marked with a World Bank stamp, are displayed in large thumbnails and include accompanying information.

4

World Bank Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of specialized units designed to perform research in order to allow the organization to make informed policy decisions throughout the world. This website happens to provide information on the World Bank Institute, which effectively serves as the capacity development arm of the Bank and also "helps countries share and apply global and local knowledge to meet development challenges". On the Institute's site, visitors can find out about its various programs, which include work on preventing HIV/AIDS risk in the Balkans and scholarships designed to promote knowledge sharing and capacity building in the developing world. Visitors will want to pay close attention to the Publications area, as they may view or download working papers from a wide range of topics, including energy policy, labor force development, and development economics.

5

World Bank Research Website  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has collected its economic research so that users can access it through one easy-to-use Webpage. Research is organized into three main sections: Topics, Project Sites, and Key Outputs. These topics are further broken down into subcategories, which are accessible from the front page via pull-down menus or hyperlinked lists. The site also contains a What's New column, which lists the titles of new World Bank resources and classifies them by document type, such as working paper, evaluations of research, and project. Finally, the World Bank Research Website gives a short list of featured resources, which include research on hot topics such as poverty, civil war, and world development.

6

The World Bank's Role in Human Resource Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Education, Training, and Technical Assistance. A World Bank Operations Evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the recent trend where African countries have shown a decline in expansion of their school systems and in replacing expatriates engaged in vital public and private activity. The study explores policy options and traces the evolution of World Bank ideas and actions to help practitioners design policies and programs better…

Ridker, Ronald G.

7

World Bank: News & Broadcast  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From logistics to international development, the World Bank's News & Broadcast website is worth bookmarking, particularly for public policy types, international affairs scholars, and anyone with a penchant for global matters. The homepage presents a news area, complete with icons which indicate whether there is video or audio associated with each item. Not only is it a good way to learn about the World Bank's activities, it is another way to stay on top of economic development strategies, political unrest, and foreign investment patterns. Visitors to the site can search all of the media available here, look over the World Bank's YouTube channel, and sign up for their RSS feed. Those persons looking for specific types of information can find a number of categories, including "Speeches", and "Issue Briefs".

8

World Bank: Global Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank works to combat poverty and to increase development opportunities around the world, but they also have selected six strategic themes that focus in on global development. First-time visitors to the site can listen to World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick talk about these themes, and they may also wish to follow along with the accompanying slideshow. Themes include global public goods, the Arab world, and middle-income countries. By clicking on one of these themes, visitors can read comprehensive reports, working papers, or take a look at presentations that explore these areas in greater detail. Many of these information sources are contained within a "Highlights" area. Visitors with a penchant for economic development, international political economy, or international affairs will find this site very useful. It's also easy to see how these materials might be used in a classroom setting to spark discussion or debate about some of these very timely matters.

9

World Bank: Globalization  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The word globalization is thrown around with reckless abandon by numerous parties these days, and as a result, the very notion of such a force is somewhat elusive. While this website from the World Bank may not end all of the fierce academic and pragmatic debates that rage on about globalization, it does offers some perspective from this organization on this wide-ranging phenomenon. The site itself contains audio and video selections, issue briefs, a data and statistics section, and an area dedicated to current research on the subject underway by the World Bank. The issue briefs are definitely worth a look as they address such questions as What is Globalization? and Does More International Trade Openness Increase World Poverty? The selection of videos is also quite nice, particularly a recent talk by Michael Moore (the former director-general of the World Trade Organization) entitled Globalization & Development: Its Implications & Institutions.

10

World Bank: Anticorruption [pdf[  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In its many different guises, corruption around the world tends to affect the poor, who are often the most reliant on the provision of public services, and are also least likely to be able to pay the extra costs associated with bribery and fraud. The World Bank has identified corruption as "the single greatest obstacle to economic and social development," and thusly has set up this anticorruption website to serve as an online resource for policy-makers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and other interested parties. On the site, the World Bank lays out its strategy for combating corruption, which includes increasing political accountability, strengthening civil society participation, and improving public sector management. The site also contains a number of helpful resources, such as toolkits for assessing government performance in this area, and information and reports on various regional and country-based approaches to dealing with corruption. The site is rounded out by a calendar of events and key strategy documents, such as "Reforming Public Institutions and Strengthening Governance, A World Bank Strategy."

11

World Bank Integrity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created as part of the World Bank Group, the Integrity Vice Presidency "independently investigates allegations of corruption and fraud." On their homepage, much of the material is covered within three primary sections: "Fighting Fraud & Corruption", "Investigating Staff Misconduct", and "Allegations". In the "Fighting Fraud & Corruption" area, visitors can learn about completed investigations and learn about the outcomes, which in many cases include sanctions and debarments. Moving on, the "Investigating Staff Misconduct" area includes information about recent investigations into partner organizations who have worked with the World Bank in the past and alleged abuses regarding travel fraud, abuse of authority, and corruption within infrastructure projects. Visitors may also wish to scroll down on the homepage to look over their annual report and check out news updates.

12

Anaerobic digestion: principles and practices for biogas systems. World Bank technical paper  

SciTech Connect

The report is part of a joint global research, development, and demonstration effort of the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. It explores the history, technology, and applications of anaerobic digestion, the biological process by which organic materials are degraded in the absence of oxygen to produce a combustible gas, methane (CH/sub 4/), and carbon dioxide (CO/sub 2/). The process occurs naturally in wet, decaying organic matter (biomass) found in swamps, bottom muds of streams, and garbage dumps. Since about 1900, it has been used in engineered systems for treatment and stabilization of municipal or industrial sludges. Starting around 1920, systems have been operated so as to capture the biogas, identical to marsh gas which contains about 55-75 percent methane, as an energy source. In addition to producing a fuel substitute, benefits of digestion include reduction or elimination of pathogens in human and animal wastes and production of a stable, generally environmentally acceptable slurry or sludge that can be used as a fertilizer and soil conditioner.

Gunnerson, C.G.; Stuckey, D.C.

1986-01-01

13

World Bank Annual Report 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Fiscal year 1999 (FY99) was a year of continued -- and formidable -- challenges," begins the World Bank Annual Report 1999. It goes on to list the financial crises in Brazil, Asia, and Russia and the natural disasters that struck the Caribbean, Asia, and Central America. And through it all, the World Bank was there. This report charts global economic progress and explains the World Bank's involvement in many aspects of the world economy. Broken into smaller reports, World Bank's annual report looks at the surprising rise of poverty, the issues surrounding Y2K and banking assistance, and the progress in anti-corruption efforts, among other issues. Also included are letters from the chairman, highlights, and summaries of improved projects.

Bank., World

14

World Tables, 1994. (World Bank).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1994 edition of the World Tables updates core socio-economic indicators given on country and topical pages in the 1993 edition. The data cover the period 1972 to 1992. This edition of World Tables contains data for 160 economies in the country pages, ...

1994-01-01

15

World Bank: Annual Report 2012  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank offers trenchant commentary on a wide range of issues of global import, including food production, gender inequality, development practices, and higher education initiatives. As a result, the World Bank's Annual Report is given close attention by people all over the world. The 314-page report offers thoughtful commentary on all manner of activities, and it is beautifully designed and executed. The first page starts with a list of summary statistics, such as the number of people who gained access to basic health services and how many teachers were recruited or trained as a result of World Bank activities. Visitors can learn all about the World Bank's initiatives in the report or download smaller sections like "Responding with Global Knowledge and Experience" and "World Bank For Results 2012." Visitors can also look over the Corporate Scorecard, which includes a snapshot of results achieved by partner countries with support from the Bank. The Report is available in eight different languages, including Spanish, French, Chinese, and Japanese. [KMG

2012-01-01

16

Apps for Development: World Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank is stepping up to the new media plate by asking concerned app developers to bring out their innovative software applications that "move us a step closer toward solving some of the world's most pressing problems." On the site, visitors can look over all of the apps that have been submitted as part of this initiative, and they are all quite interesting. They include "Food Factor", which gives users a quick visual reference of global food security, and "Forecasting the MDGs", which lets users learn which countries are likely to achieve the Millennium Development Goals established by the World Bank. Visitors can view all of the submissions and sort them out by topic, region of the world and title.

17

The World Bank's ECB Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the evaluation capacity building (ECB) outreach activities of the World Bank with regard to provision of advice and assistance to individual governments. The primary story is that of the ECB lessons learned through working with a range of governments; the secondary story is how ECB is becoming a recognized and valued activity within…

Mackay, Keith

2002-01-01

18

The World Bank: Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Climate change continues to be of grave concern to many, and the World Bank is particularly concerned with the ramifications it will have on people in the developing world. Their Climate Change site is designed to provide an overview of their work on this vexing problem including information about their current projects, data sets, research papers, and books. Visitors should start by looking over their weblog, and then take a look at their "News" area. Here, they can learn about innovative carbon trading programs, engineering projects, and international agreements designed to mitigate the effects of climate change. The "Research" area has dozens of free publications, including the very relevant "Climate Resilient Cities" work, which discusses how city governments can better understand how to plan for the impact of climate change through sound urban planning.

19

Earth Science World Image Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you want to go around the world via thousands of visually stimulating and engaging photographs, this is a good place to start. Provided by the American Geological Institute (AGI), the Earth Science World Image bank website contains over 6,000 images related to the geophysical sciences for use by educators, the public, and the geoscience community. The photos are contained within a few dozen categories, which include coal, dinosaurs, and paleontology. Visitors can also use the Browse Images link to move around the collection. Each image includes a brief description, along with related information, such as the photographer. Users will find that the archive is updated frequently and return visits will be obligatory.

2012-08-31

20

The World Bank: Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Climate change continues to be of grave concern to many, and the World Bank is particularly concerned with the ramifications it will have on people in the developing world. Their Climate Change site is designed to provide an overview of their work on this vexing problem and information about their current projects, data sets, research papers, and books. Visitors should start by looking over their weblog, and then take a look at their "What's New" area. Here they can learn about innovative carbon trading programs, engineering projects, and international agreements designed to mitigate the effects of climate change. The "Research & Analysis" area has dozens of free publications, including the very relevant "Climate Resilient Cities" work, which discusses how city governments can better understand how to plan for the impact of climate change through sound urban planning.

2009-08-13

21

Renewable energy investment by the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Bank Group lending for renewable energy accelerated in the 1990s and resulted in 17 approved projects with $700 million in Bank loans and $230 million in grants by the Global Environment Facility. The Bank's 1999 energy-sector strategy Fuel for Thought charted new directions for renewable energy investment. The present paper considers the implementation challenges of Fuel for Thought strategies

Eric Martinot

2001-01-01

22

Technical, Pure Technical and Scale Efficiency of China's Banking Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper empirically investigates the technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency in China's banking over 1998-2003 period. A non-parametric method of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) has been used to estimate banking efficiency scores. The efficiency comparison between the state-owned banks and other newly joint stock banks is conducted. Ordinary Least Squares is used to identify the key factors

Zhao Xu

2011-01-01

23

The World Bank's View of Early Childhood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores World Bank's view of early childhood as an example of the globalization of childhood, arguing that the Bank's policies exacerbate the gap between rich and poor nations and between rich and poor within countries, and affect children's lives adversely. Explores inherent contradictions of policies that draw on traditional Anglo-American…

Penn, Helen

2002-01-01

24

Seeing Like the World Bank on Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the way in which the World Bank constructs knowledge on poverty by identifying analytic institutions inside the organisation where ideas are developed, ‘anti-poverty advocates’ that populate these institutions and the strategies they employ to foster their agenda. By doing so, the article challenges two common critiques against the organisation. First, the Bank is often seen as an

Antje Vetterlein

2011-01-01

25

Seeing Like the World Bank on Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the way in which the World Bank constructs knowledge on poverty by identifying analytic institutions inside the organisation where ideas are developed, ‘anti-poverty advocates’ that populate these institutions and the strategies they employ to foster their agenda. By doing so, the article challenges two common critiques against the organisation. First, the Bank is often seen as an

Antje Vetterlein

2012-01-01

26

Vocational Training and the Bankers' Faith in the Private Sector. Essay Review of "Vocational and Technical Education and Training: A World Bank Policy Paper."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Criticizes a World Bank policy paper that views private-industry provision of vocational education as an ideal toward which all countries should move, while ignoring the need for relativism in policy formation. Discusses flexibility in delivery of training, importance of general education, relevance of prevocational education, and equity issues.…

Lauglo, Jon

1992-01-01

27

Educational Development in Thailand: The Role of World Bank Lending. A World Bank Operations Evaluation Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The World Bank's Operation Evaluation Department (OED) evaluates educational development in Thailand and assesses the cumulative impact of the Bank's projects on development in that country. From 1966 to date, the Bank supported six education projects with an estimated cost of a half billion dollars. The report covers: (1) economic and…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

28

Coral reefs and the World Bank.  

PubMed

The World Bank¿s involvement in coral reef conservation is part of a larger effort to promote the sound management of coastal and marine resources. This involves three major thrusts: partnerships, investments, networks and knowledge. As an initial partner and early supporter of the International Coral Reef Initiative (ICRI), the Bank serves as the executive planning committee of ICRI. In partnership with the World Conservation Union and the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, the Bank promotes the efforts towards the establishment and maintenance of a globally representative system of marine protected areas. In addition, the Bank invested over $120 million in coral reef rehabilitation and protection programs in several countries. Furthermore, the Bank developed a ¿Knowledge Bank¿ that would market ideas and knowledge to its clients along with investment projects. This aimed to put the best global knowledge on environmentally sustainable development in the hands of its staff and clients. During the celebration of 1997, as the International Year of the Reef, the Bank planned to cosponsor an associated event that would highlight the significance of coral reefs and encourage immediate action to halt their degradation to conserve this unique ecosystem. PMID:12295815

Hatziolos, M

1997-01-01

29

World Data Bank I (WDB I).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

World Data Bank I (WDB I) is a digital representation of the coastlines and international boundaries of the world created for use in automated mapping systems. The first two files consist of approximately 100,000 individual coordinate points arranged sequ...

1973-01-01

30

World Bank Atlas. [Twenty-Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This edition of the World Bank Atlas presents curent economic and social data for 185 countries and territories in the world. A number of maps, tables, and graphs highlight key relationships and trends in the development of the countries. The atlas includes data on population, gross national product (GNP), share of agriculture in gross domestic…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

31

World Bank: Global Challenges: Fragile States  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank is concerned with many parts of the developing world, but they are particularly interested in the so-called "fragile states". Loosely defined, "fragile states" are countries "facing particularly severe development challenges such as weak institutional capacity, poor governance, political instability, and frequently on-going violence or the legacy effects of past severe conflict." To provide policy makers and others with information on their work in this area, the Bank has created this website. The material on the site includes a number of slideshow features and essays that address the fight against poverty in these countries, along with "best-practices" approaches to solving some of these seemingly intractable problems. Near the bottom of the page, visitors can click on sections such as "Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction" to learn more about the Bank's work in places like the Sudan and also take a look through the tremendously helpful "Economics of Conflict" website.

32

WORLD BANK: Status of Grievance Process Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In June 1998, in response, to concerns about the fairness of its employee grievance process and as part of a broader effort to reform its human resource policies, the World Bank appointed an internal Grievance Process Review Committee.1 The Review Committ...

1999-01-01

33

Using Communication Support in Projects. The World Bank's Experience. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 551.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist World Bank staff and officials in deciding when and how to include communication support activities in Bank-financed development projects, this paper describes the use of planned communications to encourage participation in projects by certain groups of people, to improve institutional efficiency and staff development, and to…

Perrett, Heli E.

34

The World Bank and the environment  

SciTech Connect

In September 1989 the World Bank set out a three-year agenda for action to combat environmental degradation. The main goal of this agenda has been the integration of environmental concerns into the Bank's development work. This report- the Bank's first annual report on the environment - reviews progress in this area during fiscal 1990 (July 1989 - June 1990). Environmental concerns were addressed in Bank operations during FY90 through country-focused environmental strategy work, policy and research activities, and lending operations. Five problem areas required special attention: destruction of natural habitats; land degradation; degradation and depletion of fresh water resources; urban, industrial, and agricultural pollution; and degradation of the global commons' through, for example, atmospheric and marine pollution. The book describes not only the Bank's successes in its environmental work but also the problems it has encountered. It raises important questions about whether real progress can be made by the Bank if inadequate resources are devoted to supervision, project monitoring, and environmental regulation.

Not Available

1990-01-01

35

World bank in AIDS prevention controversy.  

PubMed

A controversial editorial review article on AIDS prevention by researchers at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (CAPS) of the University of California was recently published in the British journal, AIDS. The article's thesis is that in addition to individual behavior, social and economic forces have played a role in promoting the spread of HIV in developing countries, where, by the year 2000, 90 percent of HIV infection will have occurred. The researchers argue that an economic approach, called structural adjustment programs [begun and spearheaded by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank], may have created conditions favoring the spread of HIV infection. The article is concerned about four alleged consequences of these programs: the decline of rural subsistence economy; the development of a transportation infrastructure; migration and urbanization; and reduced spending on health and social services. The CAPS authors recommend changes in development programs which focus on the satisfaction of basic human needs and movement from paternalistic to cooperative development policy. They suggest changing the charter of the World Bank and IMF to allow rescheduling or canceling of debt. World Bank officials, in letters to AIDS, tried to persuade the journal not to publish the article, citing that it falls below the journal's current standards and that some of the information is wrong. PMID:11362526

James, J S

1995-06-16

36

World Bank plans major expansion in renewable funding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank plans to increase its funding for renewable energy projects to more than $100 million annually in coming years. Last year, 15 percent of the Bank's $23.7 billion financing went to energy projects. But of that, renewables received less than $10 million. Environmentalists and sustainable energy groups have long criticized the World Bank for its reluctance to finance

1994-01-01

37

World Financial Crisis and Efficiency of Chinese Commercial Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe US credit crunch generated substantial turmoil in the global financial markets and directly caused the collapse of several world banking giants. Nonetheless, Chinese commercial banks, decoupled from the rest of the world, achieved remarkable results because of their risk?averse nature and banking reform during the past 10 years. To improve corporate governance and efficiency, the latest reform was focused

Dan Luo; Shujie Yao; Jian Chen; Jianling Wang

2011-01-01

38

Poverty Reduction and the World Bank. Progress in Fiscal 1993.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report assesses the World Bank's progress in supporting poverty reduction during fiscal year 1993, reflects on the lessons learned, lays out the continuing challenges, and indicates the steps taken by the Bank to improve the way it addresses poverty ...

L. Sherburne-Benz J. Dayton

1994-01-01

39

Restructuring the Secondary Vocational Education System in Hungary: The Involvement of the World Bank Project in the Educational Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the restructuring of secondary vocational education in Hungary through the World Bank project. Highlights include human resources development; occupational training improvement; levels of intervention of the World Bank project; the technical assistance, equipment, and fellowship programs; educational policies and quality; and future…

Bloom, John

1995-01-01

40

World Bank: Asia Alternative Energy Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A number of private and public concerns continue to search for alternative energy sources, and some of them have contributed mightily to the wide array of emerging technologies in this important area. The Asia Alternative Energy Program (ASTAE) was created in 1992 by the World Bank in order to maintain support for a broad range of alternative energy projects and related activities throughout Asia. ASTAE partners and staff members work with a portfolio valued at over $1.3 billion in order to identify such projects, and those interested in such projects would do well to take a closer look through this site. Some of the resources on the site include a number of reports, informational tables about their lending operations, and a selection of additional Web-based resources. The site concludes with a short video that describes recent achievements in increasing access to modern energy services in several client countries served by such endeavors.

2005-01-01

41

Six Questions about The World Bank's 2020 Education Sector Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on interviews with World Bank staff in April 2011, this article answers six questions about the World Bank's Education Sector Strategy 2020 (ESS 2020): (1) What is the ESS 2020? (2) What is it not? (3) How was the development process of the ESS 2020 different from that of past Strategies? (4) How are the policy recommendations of the…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2011-01-01

42

Technical Change, Costs and Profits in European Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of technical change on European bank costs and profits between 1992 and 2000. The estimates suggest that technological change reduced the total costs of European banks at an average rate of 3.8% per annum. However, technical change reduced profits by 0.45% annually over the same period. As found in an earlier study by Altunbas et

Philip Molyneux

2003-01-01

43

Building the World's Visual Language: The Increasing Global Importance of Image Banks in Corporate Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many of the images we now find in magazines, news, promotional material and advertisements are bought cheaply from image banks like Getty Images, which can be accessed by people all around the world. These images are technically of high quality. They have bright lighting and flat colours; attractive models are highly posed and are set in non-descript locations to make

DAVID MACHIN

2004-01-01

44

Monitoring Rural Development in East Asia. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 439.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The paper presents results of discussions during an 8-day workshop (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, December 1979) on monitoring and evaluation (M&E) of East Asian and Pacific rural development projects. Major workshop themes identified are managerial, technical, and institutional aspects of monitoring. The introduction discusses previous World Bank

Deboeck, Guido; Ng, Ronald

45

World Bank Education Policy: Do the Neoliberal Critiques Still Apply?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Throughout much of the 1990s, the overriding critique of the World Bank was placed on its neoliberal mandate, reflected in its various education measures. However, recently the Bank seems to have taken a notable shift away from this ideological stance in its rhetoric and initiatives. This paper attempts to ascertain the degree to which the…

Oise, Francine Menashy

2007-01-01

46

World Bank Group - International Monetary Fund (IMF) Annual Meetings 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) held its 1997 Annual Meeting in Hong Kong. The site contains the text of the Annual Meeting Speech titled The Challenge of Inclusion by John D. Wolfenshon, President of the World Bank, and the Per Jacobsson Lecture titled Asian Monetary Cooperation presented by Joseph Yam, chief executive of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority. Speeches by Michael Camdessus, George Soros and Dato Seri Dr Mahathir Bin Mohamad (Prime Minister of Malaysia) are also available. The 1997 Annual Reports of the IMF and World Bank Group can also be viewed at the site. The Focus on Asia section contains various relevant speeches, publications, and other information on Asia produced by the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund.

47

World Bank environmental guidelines: The new international standard  

SciTech Connect

The World Bank's environmental standards are emerging as the consensus basis for environmental compliance by independent power projects in the developing world. The standards are mandatory for projects financed by The World Bank, whether financed directly, through the International Finance Corporation (IFC), or indirectly, through the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) under programs such as the Expanded Cofinancing Program. However, even for projects financed from other sources, compliance with World Bank environmental standards is becoming a widely recognized and accepted measure of environmental impact that project sponsors are expected to satisfy. Sometimes compliance is required by the host country, which is searching for a meaningful environmental standard in the face of poorly developed or nonexistent local environmental laws. In other instances, developers impose the requirement on themselves as a means of screening project opportunities and assuring investors that they are exercising due diligence to avoid environmental problems down the road. Unfortunately, developers seeking to comply with World Bank environmental standards are leaning that, notwithstanding the seemingly definitive nomenclature, these standards are not always easy to identify. The World Bank's environmental program is still evolving, and there may not be an environmental standard for a particular country or technology. Nevertheless, developers and investors in international projects should attempt to obtain as clear an understanding as possible of applicable environmental standards early in the development process in order to avoid unexpected costs and delays down the road.

Price, C.M.; Goodwin, L.M.; Weiner, K.B. (Reid Priest, Washington, DC (United States))

1994-09-01

48

Which Lessons Are Learned? Best Practices and World Bank Rural Telecommunications Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank has been the largest multilateral source of rural telecommunications financing in developing countries since the mid-1960s. This article analyzes World Bank-sponsored studies of rural telecommunications initiatives in Chile, Peru, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Malaysia to identify which lessons the bank draws from them and recommends for other countries. The World Bank's preference for a “best practice” approach in

Christina Courtright

2004-01-01

49

Plundering the poor: the role of the World Bank in the Third World.  

PubMed

The World Bank, the most important so-called development assistance agency, annually dispenses billions of dollars to Third World governments, ostensibly to "develop" their economics through a variety of loan projects. But even a superficial analysis reveals that the Bank is the perfect mechanism to help (i.e., subsidize) the large transnational corporations from the industrial countries to expand their industrial, commercial, and financial activities in the Third World, at the expense of the latter and particularly at the expense of the rural and urban proletariat. This article discusses Cheryl Payer's recent book, The World Bank: A Critical Analysis, in which she analyzes the Bank's role in the Third World and sets forth the major reasons why poverty, hunger, and malnutrition, as well as unemployment, and all the adverse social phenomena associated with them, are on the increase. PMID:6642815

Feder, E

1983-01-01

50

The world bank, health policy reforms and the poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years, since the mid-1990s, World Bank-prescribed health policy reforms have successfully introduced market-based private-managed healthcare model in the developing world. This article presents a portrait of the private healthcare model, explores the factors that facilitated the introduction of this model in developing countries and examines the impact of the model on the health rights and health conditions of

Mohammed Nuruzzaman

2007-01-01

51

World Bank Okays Public Interest in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay review discusses the report of The Task Force on Higher Education and Society (TFHES), convened in 1998 by the World Bank but independently financed and staffed in collaboration with UNESCO and several foundations. "Peril and Promise" marks an historic turning point in the framework for postsecondary educational planning.…

Post, David; Clipper, Lutitia; Enkhbaatar, D.; Manning, Anitra; Riley, Thomas; Zaman, Husam

2004-01-01

52

The World Bank Atlas, 1995. 27th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This twenty-seventh World Bank Atlas presents key social and economic information for every country on the globe organized under three headings, People, Economy, and Environment. The emphasis is on how these themes are important in the development process. A new addition is that of a new measure of GNP per capita converted at purchasing power…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

53

Making the IMF and the World Bank More accountable  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accused of being secretive, unaccountable and ineffective, both the IMF and the World Bank are seeking to become more transparent, more participatory and more accountable. Yet few attempts have been made to dissect the existing structure of accountability within the international financial institutions (IFIs). This paper critically examines the existing accountability of the institutions, and offers some recommendations for making

Ngaire Woods

2005-01-01

54

Models, templates and currents: the World Bank and electricity reform  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that the standard model for reforming and restructuring the electricity industry advocated by the World Bank does not work, especially in developing and transition economies. The argument is based on the observation that there is one ‘standard’ model that is formulated by economists, elaborated from the reform experience in England and Wales, developed into a template for

Xu Yi-chong

2005-01-01

55

World Bank\\/IMF: Financial and Programme Support for SSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the endorsement of The DAC Handbook on Security System Reform by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member governments in 2007, the centrality of governance to the security sector reform (SSR) agenda was clearly established within the development community (Box 8.1). The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) hold observer status in the Development Assistance Community

Nicole Ball

56

The World Bank Atlas, 1995. 27th Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twenty-seventh World Bank Atlas presents key social and economic information for every country on the globe organized under three headings, People, Economy, and Environment. The emphasis is on how these themes are important in the development process. A new addition is that of a new measure of GNP per capita converted at purchasing power…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

57

World Bank Environmental Reform: Revisiting Lessons from Agency Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Daniel Nielson and Michael Tierney s article, Delegation to International Organizations: Agency Theory and World Bank Environmental Reform (International Organization, Spring 2003), makes a strong argument for ways in which principal-agent (P-A) models advance theoretical explanations of the behavior and performance of international organizations (IOs). Most IOs suffer from widely recognized gaps between their mandates and their performance, gaps not

Tamar Gutner

2005-01-01

58

Structural adjustment, state power & genocide: the World Bank & Rwanda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rwandan genocide of 1994 has been partly attributed by some commentators to state weakness or collapse, and the weakness or collapse has in turn been partly attributed to the policies of the World Bank and the IMF. Neither argument is valid, and to advance them is to misunderstand the extent to which state power is a persistent and potent

Andy Storey

2001-01-01

59

Investing in Young Children. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 275.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed primarily for World Bank staff and their colleagues in borrowing countries, this paper summarizes why investment in human capital formation through early child development is worthwhile. Chapter 1 introduces the importance of early childhood programs, noting events that have given new visibility to children's issues at the international…

Young, Mary Eming

60

The French response to the World Bank's Doing Business reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

In its 2004 and 2006 Doing Business reports, the World Bank endorsed the conclusions advanced in the 'legal origins' literature, according to which legal systems belonging to the common law tradition better foster economic performance than systems belonging to the civil law tradition, and systems within the French family fare the worst among civil law systems. This article comments on

Catherine Valcke

2010-01-01

61

Is the World Bank education policy adequate for fighting poverty? Some evidence from Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the relationship between the World Bank’s education policy and the recent anti-poverty priorities and strategies that shape the present Bank’s agenda for development. The paper provides a critical assessment of the explicit strategies of the World Bank’s education policies aimed at fighting poverty by identifying the contradictions embedded in anti-poverty discourses and strategies, and relating them

Xavier Bonal

2004-01-01

62

Extractive industries and sustainable development: an evaluation of World Bank Group experience  

SciTech Connect

How effectively has the World Bank Group assisted its clients in enhancing the contribution of the extractive industries to sustainable development? (Extractive industries include oil, gas, and mining of minerals including coals and metals.) This evaluation finds that with its global mandate and experience, comprehensive country development focus, and overarching mission to fight poverty, the World Bank Group is well positioned to help countries overcome the policy, institutional, and technical challenges that prevent them from transforming resource endowments into sustainable benefits. Furthermore, the World Bank Group's achievements are many. On the whole, its extractive industries projects have produced positive economic and financial results, though compliance with its environmental and social safeguards remains a challenge. Its research has broadened and deepened understanding of the causes for the disappointing performance of resource-rich countries. Its guidelines for the mitigation of adverse environmental and social impacts have been widely used and appreciated. More recently, it has begun to address the challenge of country governance with a variety of instruments. The World Bank Group can, however, do much to improve its performance in enhancing the extractive industry sector's contribution to sustainable development and poverty reduction. The report identifies three main areas for improvement - formulating an integrated strategy, strengthening implementation and engagement of stakeholders. 5 annexes.

Andres Liebenthal; Roland Michelitsch; Ethel Tarazona

2005-07-01

63

Foreign Banks in the United States Since World War II: A Useful Fringe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foreign banks have had an organizational presence in the United States since the early 1800s. Until after World War II, the foreign banks' presence was generally limited. They engaged in trade finance, and in some cases ethnic banking. The growth really dates to the period from the mid-1960s to 1990. Banks are service firms, and their growth reflects a demand

Adrian E. Tschoegl

2000-01-01

64

‘Knowledge management’: a case study of the World Bank's research department  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at ‘knowledge management’, using a case study of the World Bank's research department, located in the Bank's Development Economics Vice-Presidency (DEC). Despite the Bank's presentation of its research arm as conducting ‘rigorous and objective’ work, the author finds that the Bank's ‘knowledge management’ involves research that has tended to reinforce the dominant neo-liberal globalisation policy agenda. The

Robin Broad

2007-01-01

65

Is the World Bank Education Policy Adequate for Fighting Poverty? Some Evidence from Latin America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on the relationship between the World Bank's education policy and the recent anti-poverty priorities and strategies that shape the present Bank's agenda for development. The paper provides a critical assessment of the explicit strategies of the World Bank's education policies aimed at fighting poverty by identifying the…

Bonal, Xavier

2004-01-01

66

Reforming the World Bank: from social?liberalism to neo?liberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using an analytics of government perspective, it is argued that neo?liberalism as an art of government, especially its form as North American advanced liberal political reason, has shaped enterprise governance and managerial reform at the World Bank. With a focus on the World Bank as a financial banking enterprise, the article explores questions of power, governance and liberal government in

John Girdwood

2007-01-01

67

The World Bank, the Monetary Fund, and poverty.  

PubMed

The debt crisis into which heavy borrowing, steeply rising interest rates, and a worldwide recession had plunged a number of developing countries in the late 1970s and 1980s was alleviated largely by policies and conditionalities imposed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. These policies and conditions were meant to strengthen the export and financial markets of those countries, stabilize their currencies, and reduce the reach of their governments in their economies. However, they contributed to deepening poverty and structural crises, as the reports and data published by the international financial institutions themselves attest. PMID:7928019

Brand, H

1994-01-01

68

The World Bank New Discourse and the 1999 Education Sector Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The climate of growing dissatisfaction in the developing world seems to have led to some changes in the World Bank's main discourse. The current World Bank president, James Wolfensohn, pointed out the existence of a "human crisis," besides the overemphasized financial one. He proposed a new development framework taking into account the widening…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

69

The World Bank New Discourse and the 1999 Education Sector Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The climate of growing dissatisfaction in the developing world seems to have led to some changes in the World Bank's main discourse. The current World Bank president, James Wolfensohn, pointed out the existence of a "human crisis," besides the overemphasized financial one. He proposed a new development framework taking into account the widening…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

70

Technical Services and the World Wide Web.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The World Wide Web and browsers such as Netscape and Mosaic have simplified access to electronic resources. Today, technical services librarians can share in the wealth of information available on the Web. One of the premier Web sites for acquisitions librarians is AcqWeb, a cousin of the AcqNet listserv. In addition to interesting news items,…

Scheschy, Virginia M.

71

Bureaucratic imperatives and policy outcomes: The origins of World Bank structural adjustment lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the impact of World Bank and IMF structural adjustment loans on developing country borrowers has been the subject of considerable analysis, our understanding of the origins of these operations remains poor. This article rectifies this deficiency by providing an account of the genesis of the Bank's program of structural adjustment. Drawing on documents from the Bank's archives as well

Patrick Sharma

2012-01-01

72

Resource Accounting in Measures of Unsustainability: Challenging the World Bank's Conclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank has recently published acomprehensive study of environmental and resourceaccounting, covering 103 countries (World Bank1997a). The study concludes that many Sub-Saharan,Northern African and Middle East countries have hadnegative `genuine' saving rates over the last 20years and therefore fail to pass the test of weaksustainability. This paper argues that the Bank'sconclusions depend on a method for computing usercosts from

Eric Neumayer

2000-01-01

73

Poverty Reduction and the World Bank. Progress in Fiscal 1996 and 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report reviews progress in implementation of the World Bank's poverty reduction strategy during fiscal 1996-97. Chapter 1, "The World Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy and Future Directions," outlines elements in the poverty reduction strategy: policies to promote broad-based labor-demanding growth and increase the productivity and economic…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

74

Development aid and international politics: Does membership on the UN Security Council influence World Bank decisions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate whether elected members of the UN Security Council receive favorable treatment from the World Bank, using panel data for 157 countries over the period 1970–2004. Our results indicate a robust positive relationship between temporary UN Security Council membership and the number of World Bank projects a country receives, even after accounting for economic and political factors, as well

Axel Dreher; Jan-Egbert Sturm; James Raymond Vreeland

2009-01-01

75

Slavery and human trafficking international law and the role of the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the international legal framework applicable to the World Bank and member states on contemporary forms of slavery, in particular, trafficking. The Palermo trafficking protocol is specially analyzed. Moreover, the paper refers to the preventive framework constituted by human rights obligations, particularly those of international labor law. The World Bank's mandate appears to permit preventive action. The articles

Maria Fernanda Perez Solla

2009-01-01

76

Impact of World Bank lending in an adjustment-led growth model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a financial- and growth-programming framework, this paper develops a policy-driven growth model and addresses the effects of World Bank lending on economic growth in a sample of 30 countries, after having controlled for the effects of key macroeconomic variables. Both static and dynamic panel estimates suggest a positive significant effect of the rate of growth in World Bank lending

Sushanta Mallick; Tomoe Moore

2005-01-01

77

Developing Tanzanian civil society : Desiring democracy, self-empowerment and the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The development of Tanzanian civil society is widely understood to be one of the key processes in the democratization of the country, and this vision is also shared by the World Bank. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the intention and impact of World Bank policies aimed at supporting Tanzanian civil society organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Marinko Banjac

2010-01-01

78

THE IMF AND WORLD BANK APPROACHES TO MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:An half a century has just passed since the creation of the Bretton Woods Institutions, the IMF and World Bank. As in the past decades, both institutions are still on the economic as well as political agenda of a number of countries, in particular, developing countries. This paper gives the analytical descriptions of both the IMF and World Bank approaches,to

Huseyin Sen

79

Poverty Reduction and the World Bank. Progress in Fiscal 1994.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report covers the Bank's activities during only one fiscal year and hence can only provide a snapshot of the Bank's activities at one point in time. Although the report's primary focus is on evaluating how the Bank is progressing in its efforts to he...

L. Sherburne-Benz

1995-01-01

80

Paying for Education: How the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund Influence Education in Developing Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the roles of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank from 1980 to the present, distinguishing between two types of impacts they exert in the education sector of borrowing countries (the World Bank's direct involvement in education and economic reform and Structural Adjustment Programs financed by the IMF and World Bank). The…

Alexander, Nancy C.

2001-01-01

81

Innovation Funds for Higher Education: A Users' Guide for World Bank Funded Projects. Education Working Paper Series. Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Education Working Paper Series is produced by the Education Unit at the World Bank (HDNED). It provides an avenue for World Bank staff to publish and disseminate preliminary education findings to encourage discussion and exchange ideas within the World Bank and among the broader development community. This Guide seeks to help those who design…

Saint, William

2005-01-01

82

Governance: The World Bank's Experiece. Development in Practice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this report is to summarize the Bank's activity in the area of governance in the past two years. The record shows that the Bank's work on governance has greatly expanded, albeit with different points of emphasis, in all regions of the devel...

1994-01-01

83

Financing the peace: Evaluating World Bank post-conflict assistance programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does World Bank aid to countries damaged by civil conflict meet its stated goals of speeding economic recovery and reducing\\u000a the risk of conflict recidivism? We contend that the Bank’s success depends on its ability to bolster and signal the credibility\\u000a of politicians’ commitments to peaceful politics and tailor its programs to the post-conflict environment. In the first systematic\\u000a evaluation

Thomas Edward Flores; Irfan Nooruddin

2009-01-01

84

World Bank Group: Important Steps Taken on International Control but Additional Assessments Should Be Made.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Congress passed Public Law 106-429 because it was concerned about the sufficiency of external audits of the financial operations of the World Bank Group, a set of multilateral development banks. This law provides that GAO report on the sufficiency of ...

2003-01-01

85

The World Bank's Shift Away from Neoliberal Ideology: Real or Rhetoric?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some literature on World Bank education policies after 1999 tries to project a shift away of the Bank from its 1980s neoliberal mandate. This article argues that the shift is only in the form of rhetoric, which facilitates a hidden agenda of creating a worldwide higher education market, leaving the poor with primary education only. At the…

Adhikary, Rino Wiseman

2012-01-01

86

Evolution in the Concept of Development: How Has The World Bank's Legal Assistance Extended its Reach?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank's legal and judicial reforms programs have expanded considerably since it began to address the issue of governance in the early 1990s. Initially the Bank focused on legal reforms for inducing private investment. Currently, its legal assistance extends to include the criminal justice sector. Such activities cannot be directly construed from its Articles of Agreement. This paper will

Miwa Yamada

2008-01-01

87

World financial crisis and the rise of Chinese commercial banks: an efficiency analysis using DEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current financial crisis has hit the banking giants of the world really hard. It is striking to note that some of the large Chinese commercial banks have emerged to be the biggest winners as a result of the crisis, thanks to reforms over the past 10 years. The most significant reform before the crisis was ownership diversification, aiming to

Dan Luo; Shujie Yao

2010-01-01

88

Contingent Capital and Bank Risk-Taking among British Banks before World War I  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent financial turmoil highlights the incentive of highly leveraged financial institutions to take excessive risk, given the protection of limited liability. During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, many banks operated under liability rules which obligated shareholders to bear larger costs of bank insolvency in the form of contingent, or even unlimited liability. This paper examines the empirical relationship

Richard S. Grossman; Masami Imai

2011-01-01

89

Finance Development: A Quarterly Publication of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The collection of articles, reprinted from Finance & Development, reflects many different aspects of the World Bank's work on health and development, including family planning, nutrition, and financing of health services, and its cooperation with other sp...

1989-01-01

90

Project Performance Results for 1986: A World Bank Operations Evaluation Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The World Bank reviews the performance of all projects that it has helped to finance. These reviews are based on individual evaluations prepared for each project and include determinations of overall project success, economic rates of return project susta...

1988-01-01

91

World Bank: Management Controls Stronger, But Challenges in Fighting Corruption Remain.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Concerns about corruption have intensified in recent years as there is a growing realization among international financial donors, including the World Bank, that corruption may undermine development by deterring investment and growth and exacerbating pove...

2000-01-01

92

Monetary Policy Instruments for Developing Countries: A World Bank Symposium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The Use of Market Instruments for Monetary Policy; Central Bank Liquidity Management and the Money Market; The Use of Monetary Policy Instruments by Developing Countries; Building Financial Institutions for a Market-Based Monetary Policy; Moneta...

G. Caprio P. Honohan

1991-01-01

93

Do the IMF and the World Bank influence voting in the UN General Assembly?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using panel data for 188 countries over the 1970–2008 period, this paper analyzes empirically the influence of the IMF and\\u000a the World Bank on voting patterns in the UN General Assembly. Countries receiving adjustment projects and larger non-concessional\\u000a loans from the World Bank vote more frequently in line with the average G7 country. The same is true for countries obtaining

Axel Dreher; Jan-Egbert Sturm

2006-01-01

94

Multilateral Development Bank Operations Briefing Book. Asian Development Bank and World Bank. The 1997 Asian Development Bank Export Assistance Tour. Held in San Jose, California, Cleveland, Ohio, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and New Orleans, Louisiana on March 20-April 1, 1997.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This briefing book on Asian Development Bank (ADB), and World Bank opportunities was prepared by Chemonics International, Inc. and was funded by the U.S Trade and Development Agency. The report provides an initial guide to U.S. businesses interested in en...

1997-01-01

95

Empowering Communities for Improved Educational Outcomes: Some Evaluation Findings from the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community involvement in the management of schools--community empowerment--is a growing phenomenon in the developing world. Many see it as a way to increase the relevance of schools, school attendance, and ultimately to improve learning outcomes. Increasingly, World Bank lending for basic education includes growing support for community…

Nielsen, H. Dean

2007-01-01

96

1998 Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 1998 Annual Meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank Group was held from April 13-17, 1998 in Washington DC. The site features the schedule of events, transcripts of press conferences and briefings, and various communiques. Topics discussed at the meeting include the current world economic outlook, Asian lessons for Latin America, and trends in development indicators.

Bank., World; Fund., International M.

1998-01-01

97

Measuring Up: New Directions for Environmental Programs at the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank?s new environment strategy advocates cost-effective reduction of air and water pollutants that are most harmful to human health. In addition, it addresses threats to the livelihood of over one billion people who live on fragile lands?lands that are steeply sloped, arid, or covered by natural forests. The new approach will require accurate information about environmental threats to

Piet Buys; Susmita Dasgupta; Craig Meisner; Kiran Pandey; David Wheeler; Katharine Bolt; Kirk Hamilton; Limin Wang

2003-01-01

98

Technical, Scale, and Allocative Efficiencies in U.S. Banking: An Empirical Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nonparametric frontier approach is used to calculate the overall, technical, pure technical, allocative, and scale efficiencies for a sample of 322 independent banks. The sample was drawn from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation tapes on the Reports of Conditions and Reports of Income (Call Reports) for the year 1986. The results indicate a low level of overall efficiency. The

R. Grabowski; C. Pasurka; N. Rangan

1990-01-01

99

Lineages of liberalism and miracles of modernisation: The World Bank, the East Asian trajectory and the international development debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over time the conception of development encouraged by the Bank has shifted, mirroring wider trends in the international political economy. This article begins with a brief discussion of the changes in the World Bank's understanding of development over the past 30 or 40 years. This is followed by an examination of the Bank' s efforts to accommodate the East Asian

Mark T. Berger; Mark Beeson

1998-01-01

100

78 FR 40152 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee; Nominations of Candidates  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...Serve on the World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...the World Trade Center (WTC) Health Program Scientific/Technical...

2013-07-03

101

Of Rations and Rationalities: The World Bank, African Hunger, and Abderrahmane Sissako's Bamako  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this paper is on the much-acclaimed film, Bamako, released in February 2007 by the notable Malian filmmaker, Abderrahmane Sissako, especially in relation to the depiction of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank as agents of global capitalism. The paper evaluates the cinematic representation of a conceit no doubt many Africans have at one time

Tejumola Olaniyan

2008-01-01

102

The Challenge of Good Governance for the IMF and the World Bank Themselves  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank have embraced “good governance” as a set of principles to guide their objectives in member countries. Both institutions now face pressures to apply some similar standards of transparency, accountability and participation to themselves. This paper examines the challenges this poses for the organizations, beyond the steps they

Ngaire Woods

2000-01-01

103

Responding to Deforestation: Productive Conservation, the World Bank, and Beekeeping in Rondonia, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Productive conservation, a sustainable development concept for the Amazon, ideally leads to economic development in rural areas with conservation of rain forest ecosystems. This study evaluates the human and environmental dynamics of productive conservation in Rondonia, Brazil, using as a case study beekeeping, which has been promoted by the World Bank-funded Rondonia Natural Resources Development Project. Promoters of beekeeping have

J. Christopher Brown

2001-01-01

104

The World Bank, “Global Keynesianism” and the distribution of the gains from growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper uses a simple North-South model to demonstrate that the impact of increases in financial flows from North to South (such as aid) on economic welfare in both North and South depend on the level of aid effectiveness and on the manner in which such aid increases are financed. In the special case of World Bank lending to developing

Paul Mosley

1997-01-01

105

Taking It to the Bank: Independence and Inclusion on the World Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essay examines contemporary uses of 'independence' and 'inclusion' within and around the disability rights movement. The concepts are often positioned as self-evidently positive or as the obvious goals towards which disability and other movements should be striving. Through an examination of the World Bank's appropriation of these concepts, and of the social model of disability more generally, the essay

Robert McRuer

106

Efficiency in Reaching the Millennium Development Goals. World Bank Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide clear targets and areas of focus for international organizations such as the World Bank. At a conceptual level, to reduce poverty and hunger, to improve education and health indicators, and to promote gender equality and sustainable development, countries can either increase the resources they…

Jayasuriya, Ruwan, Ed.; Wodon, Quentin, Ed.

107

Leveraging World Bank Resources for the Poorest: IDA Blended Financing Facility Proposal - Working Paper 214  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the Millennium Development Goals deadline only five years away, the international donor community faces significant challenges due to the global economic crisis, record government deficits, and simultaneous funding requests from nearly every multilateral development institution. This paper proposes a new World Bank financing model for creditworthy emerging economies, such as India and Vietnam, which currently receive billions of dollars

Benjamin Leo

2010-01-01

108

Financing reduction of information poverty in Nigerian University Libraries: A study of the IMF and world bank credit facility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a critical appraisal of the recent financing of 20 Federal University Libraries in Nigeria by the World Bank at the negotiated sum of US$120 million (N= 2·64 billion). The World Bank project provides for acquisition of books, journals and equipment based on conditionalities to be met by the Universities. With background consideration of the socioeconomic effects prevalent

Olu Olat Lawal

1995-01-01

109

The Chad-Cameroon Pipeline Project—Assessing the World Bank's Failed Experiment to Direct Oil Revenues towards the Poor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Bank's engagement with projects involving extractive industries has not proven particularly successful. Especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, it has actually often made matters worse. Borrower countries' economies failed to grow, and corruption increased; the poor did not benefit from the revenues that were generated. This paper assesses the complex legal and institutional framework of the World Bank project that

Fabian Clausen; Amir Attaran

2011-01-01

110

Shooting the Messenger of Good News: A Critical Look at the World Bank's Success Story of Effective Aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a report presented at the UN Conference on Financing for Development in March 2002, the World Bank claims that the effectiveness of its financial aid has improved substantially by targeting aid at poor developing countries pursuing sound economic policies. However, the World Bank's success story rests on an extremely weak foundation: First, the institution's contribution to financial rescue packages

Peter Nunnenkamp

2002-01-01

111

The World Bank: An Online Atlas of the Millennium Development Goals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank established a set of Millennium Development Goals as both a challenge to poor countries to demonstrate "good governance" and to wealthy nations as a spur that would hopefully encourage them to support economic and social development. Recently, the World Bank created this visually engaging and sophisticated interactive atlas to track those eight goals, which include the promotion of gender equality, combating disease, and reducing child mortality. Visitors can click on any of these eight goals and they will be able to view maps of the world that document the progress that has been made in each nation. Clicking on each nation individually brings up clear and easy-to-read tables that chart additional changes within each separate goal. Visitors can export the data for their own use, and they can also resize the map to demonstrate the changes made over the past few years.

112

Project-performance results for 1986: a World Bank operations evaluation study  

SciTech Connect

The World Bank reviews the performance of all projects that it has helped to finance. These reviews are based on individual evaluations prepared for each project and include determinations of overall project success, economic rates of return project sustainability, institutional aspects, project costs, and delays in implementation. It presents findings and implications in terms of alleviation of poverty, environmental impacts, budgetary constraints, bank supervision, and responses to risk and uncertainty. Projects are evaluated in areas of agriculture, industrial development, development finance companies, urban development, water supply and waste disposal, transportation, electric power, and education.

Not Available

1988-01-01

113

Mergers and technical efficiency in Spanish savings banks: A stochastic distance function approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to test the temporal variation of technical efficiency of Spanish savings banks during the period 1985–1998. Furthermore, we test whether merged and non-merged firms have different levels and temporal patterns of technical efficiency. A stochastic output distance function (R.W. Shephard, Theory of Cost and Production Functions, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ) is employed to

Rafael A. Cuesta; Luis Orea

2002-01-01

114

World Bank Pension reforms and development patterns in the world system and in the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper compares the cross national effects of pension reform on 33 indicators of social, economic, political and ecological well-being of nations with the effects on these 33 variables by dependency, the adherence to the advice by international financial institutions, world political or world cultural identities; the aging process; feminism, militarism; the public education effort and the development level.

Arno Tausch

2005-01-01

115

Will World Bank and IMF Lending Lead to HIPC IV? Debt Déjà-Vu All Over Again  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four years ago, the G-7 pushed through an unprecedented initiative forcing the international financial institutions to cancel 100 percent of their outstanding debt claims on the world’s poorest countries. Through the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI), these heavily indebted poor countries (HIPCs) stand to receive up to $60 billion in debt relief over time. Moreover, the World Bank, African Development

Benjamin Leo

2009-01-01

116

Improving Family Planning, Health, and Nutrition Outreach in India: Experience from Some World Bank-Assisted Programs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper looks at the experience of three large scale, World Bank assisted outreach programs in India, and attempts to distill some lessons for the design and management of the national Family Welfare and Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) prog...

R. Heaver

1989-01-01

117

The health systems funding platform and World Bank legacy: the gap between rhetoric and reality  

PubMed Central

Global health partnerships created to encourage funding efficiencies need to be approached with some caution, with claims for innovation and responsiveness to development needs based on untested assumptions around the potential of some partners to adapt their application, funding and evaluation procedures within these new structures. We examine this in the case of the Health Systems Funding Platform, which despite being set up some three years earlier, has stalled at the point of implementation of its key elements of collaboration. While much of the attention has been centred on the suspension of the Global Fund’s Round 11, and what this might mean for health systems strengthening and the Platform more broadly, we argue that inadequate scrutiny has been made of the World Bank’s contribution to this partnership, which might have been reasonably anticipated based on an historical analysis of development perspectives. Given the tensions being created by the apparent vulnerability of the health systems strengthening agenda, and the increasing rhetoric around the need for greater harmonization in development assistance, an examination of the positioning of the World Bank in this context is vital.

2013-01-01

118

The World Bank and the environment, fiscal 1992, exercise 92. Annual report. Banque mondiale et l'environnement, ejercicio 92  

SciTech Connect

The report describes the Bank's activities in assisting countries with environmental management, such as programs to reduce poverty without exhausting natural resources. Included are assessments of the environmental impacts of projects supported by World Bank loans, and accounts of efforts to meet global environmental challenges with coordinated international action through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Among the events in the period covered by the report are the affirmation of the World Bank's participation with United Nations organizations in the GEF and the Bank's administration of pilot programs aimed at finding solutions to such global environmental problems as pollution of international waters, global warming, depletion of the Earth's ozone layer, and dwindling biological diversity; the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; and the publication of the World Development Report 1992, with its theme of development and the environment.

Not Available

1992-09-01

119

The world bank and the environment, exercise 1992. Annual report. Banco mundial y el medio ambiente, ejercicio de 1992  

SciTech Connect

The report describes the Bank's activities in assisting countries with environmental management, such as programs to reduce poverty without exhausting natural resources. Included are assessments of the environmental impacts of projects supported by World Bank loans, and accounts of efforts to meet global environmental challenges with coordinated international action through the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Among the events in the period covered by the report are the affirmation of the World Bank's participation with United Nations organizations in the GEF and the Bank's administration of pilot programs aimed at finding solutions to such global environmental problems as pollution of international waters, global warming, depletion of the Earth's ozone layer, and dwindling biological diversity; the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development; and the publication of the World Development Report 1992, with its theme of development and the environment.

Not Available

1992-01-01

120

An enhanced DEA model for decomposition of technical efficiency in banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past studies about the application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) to banking performance often follow the concept of technical\\u000a efficiency (TE) and\\/or the productivity defined by the TE. In this paper, we propose an enhanced DEA model, based on a modification\\u000a of the directional distance function by simultaneously but disproportionately seeking the maximum expansion of each desirable\\u000a output and contraction

Chih-Ching Yang

121

78 FR 38983 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP-STAC)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...should read World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...Information: Paul Middendorf, Senior Health Scientist, 1600 Clifton...

2013-06-28

122

Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB): A Comprehensive Collection of Geoscience Images Being Developed by the American Geological Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are geoscience images available in numerous locations around the World Wide Web, there is no universal comprehensive digital archive where teachers, students, scientists, and the general public can gather images related to the Earth Sciences. To fill this need, the American Geological Institute (AGI) is developing the largest image database available: the Earth Science World ImageBank (ESWIB). The

A. W. Howe; C. M. Keane

2003-01-01

123

Antigen and vaccine banks: technical requirements and the role of the european antigen bank in emergency foot and mouth disease vaccination.  

PubMed

Antigen and vaccine banks are stocks of immunogenic materials ready to be formulated into vaccines (bulk antigens) or ready to use (vaccines) in case of need by one or more of the parties of the bank. These stocks were primarily developed by foot and mouth disease [FMD] free European countries to control unexpected severe FMD episodes after the cessation of routine vaccination in the 1990s. For various reasons, including the lack of suitable antigens or of discriminatory tests to be used following emergency vaccination, such banks have so far not been developed to control other transboundary diseases, although over the last few years stocks of vaccines have been collected by the European Community to support control measures for bluetongue or classical swine fever. The FMD virus antigens in the banks are stored at ultra-low temperatures (usually -130 degrees C) to guarantee a shelf life of at least five years compared to a shelf-life of one to two years for vaccines stored at +4 degrees C. When concentrated, a 50 I volume of antigens can contain up to 15 million cattle doses as per the standard potency specifications in the OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals. Selecting antigen/vaccine strains for storage in a bank and selecting the appropriate strain(s) to be used in the case of emergency vaccination is the responsibility of FMD disease experts. The paper discusses the role of serological testing for the detection of infected animals in a vaccinated population, which is necessary for the recognition of FMD status. Technical advantages and disadvantages of antigen and vaccine banks in general are also outlined in this article. Finally, the experience of the European Community in organising, renewing, and controlling a sizeable FMD antigen bank since 1993 is discussed, and the use of the European Union (EU) antigen bank for international actions outside the EU is presented. PMID:17633297

Lombard, M; Füssel, A E

2007-04-01

124

The History and Problems in the Making of Education Policy at the World Bank 1960-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The reports seem contradictory. With about three billion dollars per year in new loan commitments, the World Bank has become the single largest source of development capital in the field of international education. These resources help expand educational opportunities for young women in South Asia and rebuild primary schools following civil…

Heyneman, S. P.

2003-01-01

125

Your Money or Your Life! A Critical Canadian Perspective on the World Bank's "Reform Agenda" for Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1998 the World Bank published a "Reform Agenda" for higher education in the new millennium designed to accelerate privatization and the restructuring of the academic workforce. Before analyzing the report, I consider how changes in Canadian universities reflect the growth of the "knowledge-based economy." I then provide a critique of the…

Woodhouse, Howard

2011-01-01

126

Do PRSPs empower poor countries and disempower the World Bank, or is it the other way round?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) have been introduced by the World Bank and the IMF as a necessary aspect of securing HIPC debt relief and access to other funds. They are intended to increase national 'ownership' of programmes, through extensive participation. This paper assesses whether they actually do empower poor countries, by exploring the process and content of the PRSPs.

Frances Stewart; Michael Wang

2003-01-01

127

Financing Reduction of Information Poverty in Nigerian University Libraries: A Study of the IMF and World Bank Credit Facility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the financing of 20 Federal University Libraries in Nigeria by the World Bank, which provides for acquisition of books, journals, and equipment based on conditions to be met by the universities. Considers socioeconomic effects and assesses the impact of the loan on selection, acquisition, and staff development. Discusses the inability of…

Lawal, Olu Olat

1995-01-01

128

Experimenting in Distance Education: The African Virtual University (AVU) and the Paradox of the World Bank in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to accomplish three objectives. The first is to interrogate the efficacy of the African Virtual University (AVU), which is a satellite and information technology (IT)-based distance education system, sponsored by the World Bank in Kenya. The second is to demonstrate the failures of the AVU and the reasons why this has been the…

Amutabi, M. N.; Oketch, M. O.

2003-01-01

129

In the best interests of youth or neoliberalism? The World Bank and the New Global Youth Empowerment Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Youth, and youth employment especially, have jumped to the forefront of the international development agenda, driven by new funding and reporting priorities of the World Bank and allied international and national aid organisations. Despite the seductive rhetoric of youth empowerment, however, we argue that the new turn to youth serves primarily to serve the goal of insulating the increasingly contested

Mayssoun Sukarieh; Stuart Tannock

2008-01-01

130

Financial Institutions between Effectiveness and Legitimacy – A Legal Analysis of the World Bank, Global Environment Facility and Prototype Carbon Fund  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental financing is one of the crucial issues of international environmental law and its implementation. From an environmental perspective a prerequisite for success is that financial resources are used in an environmentally effective way. Whether the World Bank, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF) can be perceived as effective environmental actors has to be measured

Nele Matz

2005-01-01

131

Advancing knowledge: a key element of the World Bank's integrated coastal management strategic agenda in Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancing knowledge in integrated coastal management (ICM) is a key element of the ICM Strategic Agenda of the World Bank in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Advancing knowledge encompasses both the transfer of information and skills as well as the sharing of information and synthesis of local knowledge to support decision-making processes in client countries. Facilitating access to knowledge, generating new information

Indu Hewawasam

2000-01-01

132

Seeing like an indigenous community: the World Bank's Agriculture for DevelopmentReport read from the perspective of postwar rural Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the case of a rural indigenous village in the war torn highlands of Guatemala to question the framework for using ‘agriculture for development’ put forth by the World Bank in its 2008 World Development Report. There is a significant gap between the Bank's sanguine vision of recent developments in Guatemala and the limited options available to indigenous

Carlota McAllister

2009-01-01

133

The Regulation and Supervision of Banks around the World: A New Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

This new and comprehensive database on the regulation and supervision of banks in 107 countries should better inform advice about bank regulation and supervision and lower the marginal cost of empirical research.International consultants on bank regulation and supervision for developing countries often base their advice on how their home country does things, for lack of information on practice in other

Ross Levine; James Barth

2001-01-01

134

Technical Progress of the New Worlds Observer Mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the technical progress of the New Worlds Observer (NWO) mission concept. NWO is a two spacecraft mission that is capable of detecting and characterizing extra-solar, terrestrial planets and planetary systems. NWO consists of an external starshade and an UV-optical space telescope, flying in tandem. The starshade is a petal-shaped, opaque screen that creates an extremely dark shadow large enough to shade the telescope aperture from the target star. The NWO team has been addressing the top technology challenges of the concept, and report here our progress. We will present the current mission configuration best suited to address Terrestrial Planet Finding requirements, and highlight the technological breakthroughs that we have achieved this year. In particular, we will report on progress made in precision deployables for the large starshade, and the trajectory & alignment control system for NWO. We will also briefly highlight advances in understanding the starshade optical performance.

Lo, Amy; Noecker, C.; Cash, W.; NWO Study Team

2009-01-01

135

World Bank okays public interest in higher education A review of Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise, Task Force on Higher Education and Society (Washington, D.C.: The World Bank, 2000)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay review discusses the report of The Task Force on Higher Education and Society (TFHES), convened in 1998 by the World Bank but independently financed and staffed in collaboration with UNESCO and several foundations. Peril and Promise marks an historic turning point in the framework for postsecondary educational planning. Rate-of-return analysis has been de-emphasized, while promotion of the public

DAVID POST; LUTITIA CLIPPER; D. ENKHBAATAR; ANITRA MANNING; THOMAS RILEY; HUSAM ZAMAN

136

What did structural adjustment adjust?: The association of policies and growth with repeated IMF and World Bank adjustment loans  

Microsoft Academic Search

One feature of adjustment loans that has been often overlooked in their evaluation is their frequent repetition to the same country, with such extremes as the 30 IMF and World Bank adjustment loans to Argentina over 1980-99 or the 26 adjustment loans to Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. The rate of repetition remains high and non-decreasing as cumulative adjustment loans increases.

William Easterly

2005-01-01

137

Crafting performance measurement systems to reduce corruption risks in complex organizations: the case of the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to explore an emerging challenge for large public-sector bureaucracies: developing information and performance measurement systems that support anti-corruption efforts. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is an analytical framework linking functions and contexts of performance measurement to anti-corruption requirements. The framework is used to explore a case study of the World Bank's ongoing efforts

Scott A. Fritzen

2007-01-01

138

The Story of Narmada Bachao Andolan: Human Rights in the Global Economy and the Struggle Against the World Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Chapter describes the struggle of India’s Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA), a social movement that arose in response to the building of a World Bank-funded dam project along the Narmada River. The project—which has displaced hundreds of thousands and has imposed stunning environmental costs without reaping the promised benefits of “modernization”—has been the source of constant controversy. In response, the

Smita Narula

2008-01-01

139

What did Structural Adjustment Adjust? The Association of Policies and Growth with Repeated IMF and World Bank Adjustment Loans  

Microsoft Academic Search

One feature of adjustment loans that has been often overlooked in their evaluation is their frequent repetition to the same country, with such extremes as the 30 IMF and World Bank adjustment loans to Argentina over 1980-99 or the 26 adjustment loans to Cote d'Ivoire and Ghana. The rate of repetition remains high and non-decreasing as cumulative adjustment loans increases.

William Easterly

2002-01-01

140

THE WORLD BANK’S TRANSIT ACCESS TRAINING TOOLKIT: WHAT TO DO WHEN THERE IS NO TRAINER  

Microsoft Academic Search

Driver courtesy is not easily addressed in “informal” systems with a lack of regulation, nor when drivers are paid directly out of the fares they collect and race to beat other drivers to the next stop. This situation has alarmed transit planners and government officials around the world. To help address these concerns, the Transit Access Training Toolkit was prepared

Thomas Rickert

2010-01-01

141

Designing for Discovery: Interactive Multimedia Learning Environments at Bank Street College. Technical Report No. 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses "multimedia" instruction as it applies to successful learning environments at Bank Street College of Education (New York), ranging from pre-electronic to electronic. In four of the interviews detailed, a Bank Street College professor, researcher, and two Bank Street School for Children teachers offer different perspectives…

Wilson, Kathleen; Tally, William

142

Health and social security reforms in Latin America: the convergence of the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and transnational corporations.  

PubMed

International financial institutions have played an increasing role in the formation of social policy in Latin American countries over the last two decades, particularly in health and pension programs. World Bank loans and their attached policy conditions have promoted several social security reforms within a neoliberal framework that privileges the role of the market in the provision of health and pensions. Moreover, by endorsing the privatization of health services in Latin America, the World Health Organization has converged with these policies. The privatization of social security has benefited international corporations that become partners with local business elites. Thus the World Health Organization, international financial institutions, and transnational corporations have converged in the neoliberal reforms of social security in Latin America. Overall, the process represents a mechanism of resource transfer from labor to capital and sheds light on one of the ways in which neoliberalism may affect the health of Latin American populations. PMID:11809007

Armada, F; Muntaner, C; Navarro, V

2001-01-01

143

ICED Data Bank on International Programs of Higher Educational Institutions. Technical and Final Report for Year of Research June 1, 1970 to May 31, 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ICED Data Bank is an information system which collects and stores data on international programs conducted by accredited 4-year colleges and universities in the US. The types of international programs defined by the Data Bank are: area studies, topical, other on-campus, work-study and in-service, training, faculty abroad, exchange, technical

Brumberg, Stephan F.

144

World bank and the environment. Progress report. Banco mundial y el medio ambiente  

SciTech Connect

The second annual report describes specific environmental strategies and environmental lending in the Bank's four operational regions: Africa; Asia; Europe, Middle East, and North Africa; and Latin America and the Caribbean. It details the Bank's progress in eight environmental categories: energy and the environment, pollution, urban environment, water resources management, forest and land management, social and cultural, environmental economics, and the global environment. One chapter is devoted exclusively to tropical forests, studying ways in which the Bank is dealing with deforestation as a part of the constant review of its forest policies. Suggestions are made for decreasing the degradation of tropical forests while meeting demands for forest products. This chapter reflects a shift in Bank emphasis from commercial ventures to conservation measures. The publication reports on other initiatives by the Bank during fiscal 1991, including the launching of the Global Environment Facility (GEF)--a pilot program to oversee reduction of global warming, preservation of biological diversity, protection of international waters, and prevention of ozone depletion.

Not Available

1991-01-01

145

Moving International Technical Communication Forward: A World Englishes Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores how the English language contributes to cross-boundary communication failure and establishes that there is an "English language problem" that has not been adequately addressed in preparing United States native English-speaking students for international technical communication tasks. For example, U.S. technical communication…

Bokor, Michael Jarvis Kwadzo

2011-01-01

146

“The World's Local Bank”: Glocalisation as a Strategy in Corporate Branding Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper looks at how HSBC banking group represent themselves in their externally oriented discourse as a brand combining the global and the local. Drawing on a variety of samples such as history brochures, advertisements and websites, the study combines quantitative and qualitative methods in its analysis of how visual and linguistic elements function to construct the HSBC brand. It

Veronika Koller

2007-01-01

147

From Early Child Development to Human Development: Investing in Our Children's Future. Proceedings of a World Bank Conference (Washington, D.C., April 10-11, 2000).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In April 2000, the World Bank hosted a global conference that addressed the benefits and challenges of investing in early child development (ECD). The landmark conference brought together the world's leading experts, academicians, practitioners, and policymakers to focus on various aspects of ECD. This volume contains the proceedings of the…

Young, Mary Eming, Ed.

148

Technical and scale efficiency of Japanese commerical banks: a non-parametric approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not only are the nature and extent and scale efficiency of Japanese commerical banks studied but a relationship between both organizational status and size efficiency is also announced. The efficiency measures are computed from a 1990 sample of cross-sectional data. For the estimation, we employ the non-parametric approach which has recently been gaining popularity for the studies of banking efficiency

Hirofumi Fukuyama

1993-01-01

149

State-Owned Banks, Stability, Privatization, and Growth: Practical Policy Decisions in a World Without Empirical Proof  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the possible linkages between state-owned banks, privatization, and banking sector crises. Data on privatizations in over 65 countries is used together with data from the banking crisis literature to consider the relationship between state-owned banks and financial sector stability. The paper draws on the existing literature to provide guidance to policymakers regarding bank privatization.

Michael Andrews

2005-01-01

150

DLA Integrated Data Bank (DIDB). 1990 Data Dictionary. Technical Support Team.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Integrated Data Bank (DIDB) is a collection of tapes. It assembles historical data from DLA's inventory control points, its depots, the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, the Military Traffic Management Command...

1990-01-01

151

Radio for Education and Development: Case Studies, Volume II. World Bank Staff Working Paper No. 266.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of radio for nonformal education and development communications and the technical and economic considerations related to radio services are covered in this second volume of case studies on use of radio for education and development. Under radio and nonformal education are: an evaluation of radio schools as part of the popular promotion…

Spain, Peter L.; And Others

152

International evidence on the impact of regulations and supervision on bankstechnical efficiency: an application of two-stage data envelopment analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study uses a sample of 715 banks from 95 countries and two-stage data envelopment analysis (DEA) to provide international\\u000a evidence on the impact of regulations and supervision approaches on banks’ efficiency. We first use DEA to estimate technical\\u000a and scale efficiency. We then use Tobit regression to investigate the impact of several regulations related to capital adequacy,\\u000a private monitoring,

Fotios Pasiouras

2008-01-01

153

Bank Information Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank Information Center (BIC) is a nonprofit, independent, non-governmental organization that "provides information and strategic support to NGOs and social movements throughout the world on the projects, policies and practices of the World Bank and other Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs)." The organization's Website contains information about BIC's ongoing activities and offers useful publications and toolkits for those interested in and involved with MDBs. The Toolkits for Activists section includes fact sheets that explain the inner workings of the World Bank, covering topics such as basic information about the World Bank, the Country Assistance Strategy, World Bank policy framework, and information on World Bank's lending. Each fact sheet is available in both .pdf and HTML formats. The publications section offers a variety of resources including papers, case studies, and meeting reports, many of which are available online. Also provided are links to other monitoring organizations around the world and several online forums. An information services page will be added soon.

154

An analysis of GAVI, the Global Fund and World Bank support for human resources for health in developing countries.  

PubMed

Shortages, geographic imbalances and poor performance of health workers pose major challenges for improving health service delivery in developing countries. In response, multilateral agencies have increasingly recognized the need to invest in human resources for health (HRH) to assist countries in achieving their health system goals. In this paper we analyse the HRH-related activities of three agencies: the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI); the Global Fund for Aids, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (the Global Fund); and the World Bank. First, we reviewed the type of HRH-related activities that are eligible for financing within each agency. Second, we reviewed the HRH-related activities that each agency is actually financing. Third, we reviewed the literature to understand the impact that GAVI, Global Fund and World Bank investments in HRH have had on the health workforce in developing countries. Our analysis found that by far the most common activity supported across all agencies is short-term, in-service training. There is relatively little investment in expanding pre-service training capacity, despite large health worker shortages in developing countries. We also found that the majority of GAVI and the Global Fund grants finance health worker remuneration, largely through supplemental allowances, with little information available on how payment rates are determined, how the potential negative consequences are mitigated, and how payments are to be sustained at the end of the grant period. Based on the analysis, we argue there is an opportunity for improved co-ordination between the three agencies at the country level in supporting HRH-related activities. Existing initiatives, such as the International Health Partnership and the Health Systems Funding Platform, could present viable and timely vehicles for the three agencies to implement this improved co-ordination. PMID:22333685

Vujicic, Marko; Weber, Stephanie E; Nikolic, Irina A; Atun, Rifat; Kumar, Ranjana

2012-02-13

155

Three-Dimensional Virtual Bone Bank System Workflow for Structural Bone Allograft Selection: A Technical Report  

PubMed Central

Structural bone allograft has been used in bone defect reconstruction during the last fifty years with acceptable results. However, allograft selection methods were based on 2-dimensional templates using X-rays. Thanks to preoperative planning platforms, three-dimensional (3D) CT-derived bone models were used to define size and shape comparison between host and donor. The purpose of this study was to describe the workflow of this virtual technique in order to explain how to choose the best allograft using a virtual bone bank system. We measured all bones in a 3D virtual environment determining the best match. The use of a virtual bone bank system has allowed optimizing the allograft selection in a bone bank, providing more information to the surgeons before surgery. In conclusion, 3D preoperative planning in a virtual environment for allograft selection is an important and helpful tool in order to achieve a good match between host and donor.

Ritacco, Lucas Eduardo; Farfalli, German Luis; Milano, Federico Edgardo; Ayerza, Miguel Angel; Muscolo, Domingo Luis

2013-01-01

156

Education and Development: Evidence for New Priorities. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 95.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education has been recognized as the cornerstone of economic and social development. Now it is even more important as technological change and new methods of production transform the world economy. Development will depend more and more on knowledge-intensive industries, agriculture, and services. The continuing economic crisis, however, is…

Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

157

Child Health in China. World Bank Staff Working Papers, Number 767.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Utilizing mainly Chinese publications, this paper reviews the existing data on childhood diseases in order to assess the health status and morbidity patterns of Chinese children. China's infant mortality rate is among the very lowest in the developing world. The number of post-neonatal deaths as a proportion of total infant deaths has decreased…

Young, Mary E.; Prost, Andre

158

Growth and Structural Change in East Africa: Domestic Policies, Agricultural Performance, and World Bank Assistance, 1963-86. Parts 1 and 2.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paper on three East African countries, Kenya, Malawi and Tanzania, draws upon the results of a wider study of the role of foreign assistance in African agricultural development, which is in turn a component of a major World Bank research project, 'Man...

U. Lele L. R. Meyers

1989-01-01

159

Experimenting in Distance Education: The African Virtual University (AVU) and the Paradox of the World Bank in Kenya--A Rejoinder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This rejoinder is in response to criticism against the African Virtual University (AVU), an internet-based education modality, by Amutabi and Oketch [2003. Experimenting in distance education: the African Virtual University (AVU) and the Paradox of World Bank in Kenya. International Journal of Educational Development 23, 57-73]. By closely…

Munene, Ishmael I.

2007-01-01

160

Literacy for What? Literacy for Whom? The Politics of Literacy Education and Neocolonialism in UNESCO- and World Bank-Sponsored Literacy Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores literacy education, especially the kinds practiced and promoted by organizations such as the World Bank and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), as a form of neocolonialism. Although researchers in other educational contexts have examined how schooling and education operate as a form…

Wickens, Corrine M.; Sandlin, Jennifer A.

2007-01-01

161

World Bank Contribution to Building National HIV/AIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Capacity in Africa: Going beyond Indicator Development and Conceptual Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|International commitment to the human immunodeficiency virus-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) epidemic has grown rapidly in recent years, stimulated by the leadership of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and its cosponsors and supported by a range of new mechanisms. These include the World Bank's Multi-Country…

Wilson, David

2004-01-01

162

What Do People Think about Disabled Youth and Employment in Developed and Developing Countries? Results from an E-Discussion Hosted by the World Bank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Even though there are good examples of people with disabilities mainstreamed in the labour market (Bruyere et al., 2004), the situation is still far from being positive, particularly when labour markets are in constant flux due to rapid globalization and technological change, unless new approaches are adopted. In light of this, the World Bank

Roggero, Paola; Tarricone, Rosanna; Nicoli, Marco; Mangiaterra, Viviana

2006-01-01

163

The Aftermath of the Withdrawal of the World Bank Counterpart Funding for the Ogun State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The involvement of the World Bank in the funding of the Nigerian Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs) has shown that a properly functioning extension service with positively disposed government policy can help transform agriculture in the country. This study used data from ninety-six (96) farmers and sixteen (16) extension officers of the Ogun State ADP to examine the implications and aftermath

K. Adebayo; I. A. Idowu

2001-01-01

164

Poverty and Policy in Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank Technical Paper No. 467.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the progress toward poverty reduction remains sluggish, other dimensions of social welfare in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region show signs of improvement. Adult literacy and school enrollment rates, life expectancy at birth, access to safe water, and nutrition indicators are improving. However, other factors demonstrate that…

Wodon, Quentin T.

165

Implementing Educational Policies in Zambia. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 90. Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the time of independence from Britain in 1964, the educational system in Zambia was, as elsewhere in Africa, racially segregated and heavily biased against Africans. This paper briefly reviews the situation at independence before enumerating post-independence educational policy landmarks through both acts of Parliament and national development…

Achola, Paul Pius Waw

166

Financing, Efficiency, and Equity in Albanian Education. World Bank Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Albania began its transition to a market economy, its education was geared to meeting the productive needs of a controlled economy and the social and ideological needs of a socialist state. Expanding the economy's long-term productive capacity in a market environment and building a democratic system called for thorough reform of the…

Palomba, Geremia; Vodopivec, Milan

167

Implementing Educational Policies in Tanzania. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 86. Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of the three East African British colonies (Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania), Tanzania was the least well off at the time of independence in 1961. At that time, only 16,691 students were enrolled in secondary schools, and all general education at higher levels was provided outside the country. Thus, the goals of post-independence educational policy…

Galabawa, C. J.

168

Implementing Educational Policies in Tanzania. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 86. Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the three East African British colonies (Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania), Tanzania was the least well off at the time of independence in 1961. At that time, only 16,691 students were enrolled in secondary schools, and all general education at higher levels was provided outside the country. Thus, the goals of post-independence educational policy…

Galabawa, C. J.

169

Maintenance of the Coal Sample Bank and Database. Quarterly technical progress report, January 1, 1996--March 31, 1996  

SciTech Connect

This five year project is intended to ensure the availability of well- characterized, high-quality coal samples for public and private coal research. It continues support of the DOE Coal Sample Bank and Database at The Pennsylvania State University. Eleven coal samples will be collected, processed, packaged, and analyzed, and a resulting database will be maintained. These samples and data, as well as 45 samples collected under previous contracts, will be distributed to DOE contractors and others performing coal research. Samples will be chosen to maintain a sample bank of 56 coals representing the major US coal fields and a variety of coal ranks and compositions. In addition to standard analyses, liquefaction tests and organic geochemical analyses will be performed. The samples will be stored to minimize deterioration, and 10 samples will be monitored annually by proximate, sulfur forms, and gaseous oxygen analysis to evaluate their condition. Technical progress is summarized for the following tasks: storage and inventory of samples; monitoring of sample quality; collection and processing of replacement samples; basic characterization of coal samples; liquefaction testing; organic geochemistry (nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy); distribution of coal samples to users; data entry; and distribution of data to users.

Davis, A.; Glick, D.C.

1996-04-25

170

Antigen and vaccine banks: technical requirements and the role of the European antigen bank in emergency foot and mouth disease vaccination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Antigen and vaccine banks are stocks of immunogenic materials ready to be formulated into vaccines (bulk antigens) or ready to use (vaccines) in case of need by one or more of the parties of the bank. These stocks were primarily developed by foot and mouth disease (FMD) free European countries to control unexpected severe FMD episodes after the cessation

M. Lombard; A.-E. Füssel

2007-01-01

171

Efficiency in European banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper extends the established literature on modelling the cost characteristics of banking markets by applying the flexible Fourier functional form and stochastic cost frontier methodologies to estimate scale economies, X-inefficiencies and technical change for a large sample of European banks between 1989 and 1997. The results reveal that scale economies are widespread for smallest banks and those in the

Y. Altunba?; E. P. M. Gardener; P. Molyneux; B. Moore

2001-01-01

172

Banking on Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Few organizations have as racially and culturally diverse a work force as the organizations that make up the World Bank Group. Of its 13,000 employees, nearly 60 percent of whom are located in downtown Washington, D.C., and the rest scattered across 160 offices around the globe, nearly every nation in the world is represented in the World Bank

Roach, Ronald

2010-01-01

173

Assessing Engineering Education in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank Technical Paper Number 197, Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide to assessing engineering education in Sub-Saharan Africa consists of three sections, covering: (1) assessment of qualitative and quantitative needs; (2) assessment of the engineering education institution in developing countries; and (3) methods of forecasting demand for engineers; assessment of the efficiency of engineering training…

Zymelman, Manuel, Ed.

174

The effects of mid-career military enlistment on civilian career prospects: evidence from the Australian banking industry during World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses personnel records of employees from an Australian bank to analyse the labour market consequences of career\\u000a interruptions due to voluntary military service during the Second World War. The records contain the employees’ career position\\u000a and pay histories, and pre-war outcomes are used to control for selection bias caused by non-random enlistment. It is shown\\u000a that, despite losing

Andrew J. Seltzer

2007-01-01

175

77 FR 5258 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...committee management activities, for both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and...

2012-02-02

176

77 FR 8877 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory...committee management activities, for both the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,...

2012-02-15

177

JOINT WORLD BANK INSTITUTE/EPA CHINA WORKSHOP ON ENFORCEMENT AND COMPLIANCE - E&C ROLES IN DEALING WITH CURRENT AND PROJECTED MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN CHINA'S ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

The World Bank Institute (WBI) provides funding for economic development in China. Modules of this funding are specifically dedicated for environmental protection projects. One of these modules is the development of compliance and enforcement. This is broken down into identifi...

178

Government Ownership of Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate a neglected aspect of financial systems of many countries around the world: government ownership of banks. We assemble data which establish four findings. First, government ownership of banks is large and pervasive around the world. Second, such ownership is greater in countries with low levels of per capita income, backward financial systems, interventionist and inefficient

Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

2001-01-01

179

Government Ownership of Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate a neglected aspect of financial systems of many countries around the world: government ownership of banks. We assemble data which establish four findings. First, government ownership of banks is large and pervasive around the world. Second, such ownership is particularly significant in countries with low levels of per capita income, underdeveloped financial systems, interventionist and

Rafael La Porta; Andrei Shleifer

2000-01-01

180

Life and miracles of bank: Stories and metaphors in-between narrated worlds and acts of narrating  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of metaphors and stories by organizational and management researchers and provides examples from research on the internationalization of a bank. I will show the limits of the coupling of metaphors and stories, by highlighting the tension present in research between structure and closure of stabilized forms of determinacy produced and the always open and contingent

Anna Linda Musacchio Adorisio

2011-01-01

181

Informed Consent or Inappropriate Bondage? Central Bank Independence and Democratic Governance in the Post-Communist World1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the late 1980s an international consensus emerged on the desirability of formally insulating domestic monetary authorities from direct government influence, on the grounds that an independent monetary authority can best take the sometimes unpopular measures necessary to keep inflation low. Acting on the consensus typically meant passing legislation protecting a country's central bank from political interference in monetary policy

Juliet Johnson

182

World Development Report 2005  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This annual report released by the World Bank draws on surveys of over 30,000 firms in 53 developing countries, along with various country case studies sponsored by the World Bank. Released in September 2004, the 288-page report highlights opportunities to improve its investment climates by expanding the opportunities and incentives for firms of all types. Throughout its rather broad scope, the report suggests that governments remove barriers to competition, along with placing a premium on delivering the basic foundations for increased investment, such as creating a stable infrastructure and securing property rights. The report also details what the international community can do to assist in this long-term process and also provides some helpful indicators of world development, along with technical and methodological notes. It is worth noting that the report is available in a number of different languages.

183

Socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries: the roles of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.  

PubMed

This paper explores the socioeconomic obstacles to HIV prevention and treatment in developing countries. The opening sections explain the historical origins of structural adjustment programs and their characteristics. Structural adjustment programs undermine the social fabric of many developing countries, and potentially promote behaviors which place people at increased risk of HIV infection. The authors discuss the declining sustainability of the rural subsistence economy, development of a transportation infrastructure, migration and urbanization, and reductions in spending on health and social services. Social and economic interventions are needed to stem the spread of HIV and care for those who are already infected. While a substantial amount of biomedical research has been conducted, socioeconomic aspects of the AIDS epidemic have often been ignored. For HIV transmission in developing countries to be substantially reduced, economic policies which may have promoted the spread of disease must be modified. An alternative development strategy consists of satisfying people's basic human needs, shifting from an export-driven economy to diversified agricultural production in the interest of securing regional self-sufficiency, supporting marginal producers and subsistence farmers, and placing greater emphasis upon human resource development in developing countries. Moreover, the IMF and World Bank need to change their policy to one which is truly about cooperative development, while the charters of the IMF and World Bank need to be altered to permit the cancellation or rescheduling of debt. These institutions should also play a leading role in the restructuring of debt owed to private lenders. PMID:7662190

Lurie, P; Hintzen, P; Lowe, R A

1995-06-01

184

Evaluating Anti-Corruption InitiativesUnderlying Logic and MidTerm Impact of a World Bank Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a mid-term evaluation of the impact of a recent anticorruption program developed by the Bank's Economic Development Institute (EDI). Central in EDI's approach is helping to develop and\\/or reinvigorate a country's National Integrity System (NIS). Integrity pillars, amongst others, are administrative reforms, watchdog agencies, Parliament, civil society, public awareness, the judiciary, the media and political will.The

Frans L. Leeuw; GÈR H. C. Van Gils; Cora Kreft

1999-01-01

185

How banks go abroad: Branches or subsidiaries?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the factors influencing international banks’ organizational form, using an original database on the operations in Latin America and Eastern Europe of the world’s top 100 banks. We find that banks are more likely to operate as branches in countries that have higher taxes and lower regulatory restrictions on bank entry and on foreign branches. Subsidiary operations are preferred

Eugenio Cerutti; Giovanni Dell’Ariccia; Maria Soledad Martínez Pería

2007-01-01

186

Core 4: Image Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Image Bank supplements the coursework for Core 4: The Shaping of the Modern World, an introductory course offered by the History Department of Brooklyn College. The Image Bank indexes numerous historical images spanning from the Scientific Revolution to the present. The images are divided into eight major topic indexes: Ancien Regime and Critics; Age of Revolutions; Industry and Society; Liberalism and Nationalism; Varieties of Imperialism; The World Turned Upside Down; Fascism, Depression & WWII; and, The World Since 1945. Indexes for major topics contain clustered subtopics, allowing users to locate relevant images quickly. This Image Bank presents students and educators with a valuable, visual method for understanding Modern Western History.

187

umbilical cord blood banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current therapeutic uses of umbilical cord blood stem cells and the promise of these cells for the treatment of degenerative diseases in the future have led to the establishment of cord blood banks in many parts of the world. Although umbilical cord blood banking raises many ethical and legal issues, this article focuses on the controversy created by the coexistence

Sylvie Bordet; Linda Kharaboyan; André Lebrun

2007-01-01

188

Role of scientific and technical cooperation in the identification and assessment of world energy and mineral resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

International scientific cooperation to mobilize expertise and technology in identifying resources, and technical cooperation to strengthen earth-science programs and institutions in the developing countries are both necessary for a comprehensive assessment of world-wide energy and mineral resources. Such cooperation is inherent in the concept of economic interdependence and is essential for the effective transfer of technology. The critical need for

Reinemund

1977-01-01

189

WHO\\/CONRAD Technical Consultation on Nonoxynol-9, World Health Organization, Geneva, 9–10 October 2001: Summary Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarises the evidence presented to a technical consultation on the safety of N-9 and its effectiveness for protection against pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections and HIV, organized by the World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research with CONRAD in October 2001. Key conclusions from the meeting include: 1. Although Nonoxynol-9 has been shown to increase the risk

2002-01-01

190

Investigating the Concept of Consumers as Producers in Virtual Worlds: Looking through Social, Technical, Economic, and Legal Lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual worlds such as World of Warcraft and Second Life enable consumers as producers, that is users can choose to be passive consumers of content, active producers of content, or both. Consumers as producers poses unique challenges and opportunities for both operators and users of virtual worlds. While the degrees of freedom for user-generated content differ depending on the world, instances of consumers as producers can be found in many virtual worlds. In this paper we characterize consumers as producers with the help of four "lenses"—social, technical, economic, and legal—and use the lenses to discuss implications for operators and users. These lenses provide a complementary analysis of consumers as producers from different angels and shows that an understanding of it requires a holistic approach.

Kienle, Holger M.; Lober, Andreas; Vasiliu, Crina A.; Müller, Hausi A.

191

Secondary Education in Africa: Strategies for Renewal. World Bank Presentations at the UNESCO/BREDA-World Bank Regional Workshop on the Renewal of Secondary Education in Africa (Mauritius, Africa, December 2001). Africa Region Human Development Working Paper Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the last 3 decades secondary education has become universal in most industrialized countries. Sub-Saharan African countries face special challenges to benefit from this international trend. The gap between these countries and the rest of the world in coverage, quality, and relevance of secondary education is widening. To address these…

Mastri, Lawrence, Ed.

192

The IAEA technical cooperation programme and nuclear medicine in the developing world: objectives, trends, and contributions.  

PubMed

The International Atomic Energy Agency's technical cooperation (TC) programme helps Member States in the developing world with limited infrastructure and human resource capacity to harness the potential of nuclear technologies in meeting socioeconomic development challenges. As a part of its human health TC initiatives, the Agency, through the TC mechanism, has the unique role of promoting nuclear medicine applications of fellowships, scientific visits, and training courses, via technology procurement, and in the past decade has contributed nearly $54 million through 180 projects in supporting technology procurement and human resource capacity development among Member States from the developing world (low- and middle-income countries). There has been a growing demand in nuclear medicine TC, particularly in Africa and ex-Soviet Union States where limited infrastructure presently exists, based on cancer and cardiovascular disease management projects. African Member States received the greatest allocation of TC funds in the past 10 years dedicated to building new or rehabilitating obsolete nuclear medicine infrastructure through procurement support of single-photon emission computed tomography machines. Agency support in Asia and Latin America has emphasized human resource capacity building, as Member States in these regions have already acquired positron emission tomography and hybrid modalities (positron emission tomography/computed tomography and single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography) in their health systems. The strengthening of national nuclear medicine capacities among Member States across different regions has enabled stronger regional cooperation among developing countries who through the Agency's support and within the framework of regional cooperative agreements are sharing expertise and fostering the sustainability and productive integration of nuclear medicine within their health systems. PMID:23561454

Casas-Zamora, Juan Antonio; Kashyap, Ridhi

2013-05-01

193

The Magic of Money and Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter analyzes the banking system in the wizarding world of Harry Potter and compares it to the salient features of the banking system in the Muggle world. The chapter begins with a brief history of money. Although the economies in both the wizarding world and the Muggle world use money, there are striking differences between those worlds on this

Eric J. Gouvin

2010-01-01

194

The Common Pool Dilemma of Global Public Goods: Lessons from the World Bank's Net Income and Reserves  

Microsoft Academic Search

The function of international organizations (IOs) as suppliers of international or global public goods (GPGs) has received increasing attention in recent years. But in a world with many claimants and limited resources, GPGs are more likely to have common pool properties than be pure public goods. The paper develops a joint-products model of public goods supply by international organizations, examining

Devesh Kapur

2002-01-01

195

Family Planning Programs: The Clients' Perspective. World Bank Staff Working Papers No. 676 and Population and Development Series No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lowering fertility will require both a reduction in desired family size and provision of family planning services that respond to clients' needs. The World Fertility Survey and the Contraceptive Prevalence Survey found sizable groups of women with an "unmet need" for contraception. Investigators have also found evidence of unanswered need among…

Ainsworth, Martha

196

Technical Cooperation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bank's nonreimbursable technical cooperation (TC) program is a key instrument in complementing borrowing member countries' efforts to address social and economic development challenges. Through the mobilization of nonreimbursable resources, the Bank seeks to strengthen economic and social reform pro- grams as well as address poverty-related issues. The program also encourages the transfer of technical ad- vice and knowledge, and

197

Conserving biological diversity: A strategy for protected areas in the Asia-Pacific region. World Bank technical paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper acknowledges the importance of biodiversity conservation and suggests that policy change coupled with the establishment of protected area systems will be critical to success. A wide range of interventions will be needed to support these efforts toward conserving biodiversity-interventions involving national and local governments, national and international nongovernmental organizations and, most importantly, local people. The strategy defined in the paper is intended to complement existing national and international initiatives and to build partnerships in conservation for the 1990s.

Braatz, S.; Davis, G.; Shen, S.; Rees, C.

1992-01-01

198

Poverty and Ethnicity: A Cross-Country Study of Roma Poverty in Central Europe. World Bank Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Roma, or "gypsies," are the main poverty risk group in many countries of central and eastern Europe. Living standards for the Roma have deteriorated more severely during the region's transition to a market economy than they have for other population groups, and Roma have been poorly positioned to take advantage of emerging economic and civic…

Revenga, Ana; Ringold, Dena; Tracy, William Martin

199

Medical Laboratory Technician--Hematology, Serology, Blood Banking & Immunohematology, 10-4. Military Curriculum Materials for Vocational and Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course, the third of three courses in the medical laboratory technician field adapted from military curriculum materials for use in vocational and technical education, was designed as a refresher course for student self-study and evaluation. It is suitable for use by advanced students or beginning students participating in a supervised…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

200

A World without People Using the Personal Pronoun to Improve Technical Writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We shall never improve the general quality of technical and scientific writing until it is liberated from the unwritten rule that prohibits the use of personal pronouns. This superstition made possible¿if not inevitable¿the development of the \\

Gerald I. Cohen

1969-01-01

201

Tumour Banking: The Spanish Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decade the technical advances in high throughput techniques to analyze DNA, RNA and proteins have had a potential major impact on prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of many human diseases. Key pieces in this process, mainly thinking about the future, are tumour banks and tumour bank networks. To face these challenges, diverse suitable models and designs can

M. M. Morente; E. de Alava; P. L. Fernandez

2007-01-01

202

Internet Banking Adoption in Thailand: A Delphi Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, the Internet is playing a major role for the world of business including the banking industry. Technology has become an important part of corporations. Banks have been using the Internet as one of their distribution channels because Internet Banking services benefit both the banks and their customers. It has become the most profitable distribution channel of the banks because

Boonyarat Samphanwattanachai

203

The determinants of efficiency of publicly listed Chinese banks: evidence from two-stage banking models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper attempts to investigate the long-term trend in the efficiency of the Chinese banking sector over the period 1997–2006 by employing the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) window analysis method. We find that the small banks have exhibited the lowest mean technical efficiency compared to their medium and large bank peers, while the medium-sized banks were relatively more technically efficient

Fadzlan Sufian

2009-01-01

204

E-Banking: Risk Management Practices of the Estonian Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last years the development of e-banking in Estonia has been very significant. According to the report of the World Economic Forum, the Estonian IT-development has been substantial. The success of e-banking in Estonia can be compared to the corresponding success of the Nordic countries. According to the Deutsche Bank Research, around 70-80% of the Internet users in Estonia

Dmitri Sokolov

2007-01-01

205

Featured Research: Bank of America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bank of America has made available its collection of economic and technical research reports. The reports include a weekly economic briefing on the US economy, a survey of Wall Street economists, an analysis of payroll employment and CPI; and occasional reports on business and economics. Bank of America also provides a weekly international economic briefing; a technical analyses of the yen, mark and pound exchange rates; and the Stock and Bond Investment Overview & Strategy.

1999-01-01

206

World  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural forests store vast amounts of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere, and play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Given the significance of natural forests, there is a lack of carbon accounting of primary forests that are undisturbed by human activities. One reason for this lack of interest stems from ecological orthodoxy that suggests that primary forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, in that Net Ecosystem Production (NEP) approaches zero. However, recent results from the northern hemisphere and tropics, using eddy covariance flux towers, indicate that primary forests are a greater sink than first thought. The role of evergreen primary forests in Australian carbon balance studies remain uncertain and hence may function differently to their deciduous counterparts in the Northern Hemisphere. In order to address the lack of baseline carbon accounts, an undisturbed, 300 year old Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) ecosystem, located in the Central Highlands of Victoria (Australia) was selected as a permanent study site to investigate carbon and water budgets over diurnal, seasonal and annual cycles. Mountain Ash trees are the world's tallest angiosperms (flowering plants), and one of the largest carbon reservoirs in the biosphere, with an estimated 1900 tC ha-1. A 110 m tall micrometeorological tower that includes eddy covariance instrumentation was installed in August 2005. An independent biometric approach quantifying the annual net gain or loss of carbon was also made within close proximity to the flux tower. Analysis of NEP in 2006 suggests that the ecosystem acted as a carbon sink of 2.5 tC ha-1 yr-1. Woody and soil biomass increment for the same year was estimated to be 2.8 tC ha-1yr-1, in which nearly half of the biomass production was partitioned into the aboveground woody tissue. These results indicate that temperate primary forests act as carbon sinks, and are able to maintain their carbon sink status due to their uneven stand structure. Such baseline carbon accounts are essential if we are to accurately value and predict the carbon stored in natural forests. Clearly more emphasis should be placed on the sustainable management of natural forests as they may represent a long term sink of carbon.

Kilinc, M.; Beringer, J.; Hutley, L.; Kurioka, K.; Wood, S.; D'Argent, N.; Martin, D.; McHugh, I.; Tapper, N.; McGuire, D.

2009-04-01

207

Designing Agricultural Development Projects for the Small Scale Farmers: Some Lessons from the World Bank Assistance Small Holder Oil Palm Development Scheme in Nigeria  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study was carried out to investigate farmers reasons for intercropping their oil palm farms with food and other cash crops rather than the sole oil palm planting arrangement specified for participation in the World Bank Assistance Smallholder Oil Palm development project financed during the 1975-83 period. The study was conducted at the Ekuku-Agbor Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the East) and Mosogar Tree Crop Unit Zone (to the Southwest) of the old Bendel State of Nigeria. A total of 35 oil palm farmers were randomly selected from each zone for the study. The study tried to identify the size of oil palm cultivated, types of food and cash crops planted and the proportion consumed and sold and the sufficiency of labour for various farm activities. The study showed that the average oil palm farm size at Ekuku-Agbor zone was smaller (about 1.57 ha) and more fragmented while for Mosogar zone it was 2.28 ha. However a greater percentage (over 65%) of the farms at both locations were within 0.01-2.00 ha farm size range which could be said to be relatively small. The study revealed that among other factors the farmers desire to ensure adequate family food needs which equates to food security and some cash to meet regular family financial needs necessitated their intercropping of the oil palm farms. Others include the need to maximize the returns from the use of labour which they considered a major limiting factor in farm maintenance and to take advantage of the relative high unit price of cassava and its products that prevailed then by cultivating on any available land space including the palm plantations and thereby increasing their farm income.

Orewa, S. I.

208

Entering the World of Work: A Curriculum for Two-Year Technical Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that students in two-year technical programs need courses that train them in job and job-hunting skills. The transition from school to work can be difficult, and a job-skills class can prepare them for some of the changes inherent in the process. Itemizes job search strategies. (NB)|

McClung, Xavier V.

2002-01-01

209

Green Bank Telescope: an overview  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Green Bank Telescope, now under construction at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, WV, will be the world's largest fully-steerable telescope upon its completion in 1999. This article describes the general features of the telescope including its site, optics, surface, expected performance, and some of the areas of astronomy to which it will contribute.

Lockman, Felix J.

1998-07-01

210

An Atlas of Nuclear Energy. A Non-Technical World Portrait of Commercial Nuclear Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This atlas is a nontechnical presentation of the geography and history of world commercial nuclear power with particular emphasis on the United States. Neither pro- nor antinuclear, it presents commercial nuclear power data in a series of specially prepared, easily read maps, tables, and text. The first section (United States) includes…

Ball, John M.

211

Joint US\\/UK Epoch World Magnetic Model 1995. Technical report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report contains a detailed summary of the data used, analyses performed, modeling techniques employed, and results obtained during the course of the 1995 Epoch World Magnetic Modeling effort. This report also contains the GEOMAG algorithm and describes its uses and limitations. Charts derived from the WMM-95 model and the GEOMAG algorithm for both the main geomagnetic field components and

J. M. Quinn; R. J. Coleman; D. L. Shiel

1995-01-01

212

Development of Scales on Attitudes towards the World of Work. Technical Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was commissioned to develop and validate a test to assess the attitudes of Alberta (Canada) students toward the world of work. An instrument was needed to examine the following five areas of concern: (1) attitudes toward earning a living; (2) perceptions about employer expectations; (3) perceptions about available opportunities; (4)…

Maguire, Thomas O.; And Others

213

An Atlas of Nuclear Energy. A Non-Technical World Portrait of Commercial Nuclear Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This atlas is a nontechnical presentation of the geography and history of world commercial nuclear power with particular emphasis on the United States. Neither pro- nor antinuclear, it presents commercial nuclear power data in a series of specially prepared, easily read maps, tables, and text. The first section (United States) includes information…

Ball, John M.

214

Using Examinations To Improve Education: A Study in Fourteen African Countries. World Bank Technical Paper Number 165. Africa Technical Department Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A detailed description is presented of the types, functions, performance levels, governance, administration, and funding of public examinations in 14 Sub-Saharan African countries with different educational traditions, based on English, French, or other backgrounds. The countries are: (1) Kenya; (2) Lesotho; (3) Mauritius; (4) Swaziland; (5)…

Kellaghan, Thomas; Greaney, Vincent

215

WTO challenges and efficiency of Chinese banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

After joining the World Trade Organisation (WTO) in December 2001, China was given 5 years to completely open up its banking market for international competition. Chinese banks have been renowned for their mounting nonperforming loans and low efficiency. Despite gradual reforms, the banking system is still dominated by state ownership and encapsulated monopolistic control. How to raise efficiency is a

Shujie Yao; Chunxia Jiang; Genfu Feng; Dirk Willenbockel

2007-01-01

216

Central Bank Communication and Policy Effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

A notable change in central banking over the past 15 years has been a world-wide movement toward increased communication by central banks about their policy decisions, the targets that they seek to achieve through those decisions, and the central bank's view of the economy's likely future evolution. This paper considers the role of such communication in the successful conduct of

Michael Woodford

2005-01-01

217

World mussel watch database. National status and trends program for marine environmental quality: Technical memo  

SciTech Connect

The Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) is an internationally cooordinated system for systematic operational data collection and analysis. This contribution to GOOS is an attempt to determine the levels of contaminants in mussels and oysters collected worldwide and to compare the results with the long-term Mussel Watch programs of the United States and France. A comprehensive literature search of studies using any species of mussels and/or oysters worldwide to monitor the levels of trace metals and organic contaminants was conducted and the data compiled into the World Mussel Watch database. Data sources and statistics of the database are included. Results of the World Mussel Watch and the US and France Mussel Watch programs were compared and typical levels of some trace metals in uncontaminated mussels and oysters were calculated.

Cantillo, A.Y.

1997-04-01

218

Ionospheric characteristics for archiving at the World Data Centers. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

A database structure for archiving ionospheric characteristics at uneven data rates was developed at the July 1989 Ionospheric Informatics Working Group (IIWG) Lowell Workshop in Digital Ionogram Data Formats for World Data Center Archiving. This structure is proposed as a new URSI standard and is being employed by the World Data Center A for solar terrestrial physics for archiving characteristics. Here the database has been slightly refined for the application and programs written to generate these database files using as input Digisonde 256 ARTIST data, post processed by the ULCAR ADEP (ARTIST Data Editing Program) system. The characteristics program as well as supplemental programs developed for this task are described here. The new software will make it possible to archive the ionospheric characteristics from the Geophysics Laboratory high latitude Digisonde network, the AWS DISS and the international Digisonde networks, and other ionospheric sounding networks.

Gamache, R.R.; Reinisch, B.W.

1990-12-01

219

Joint US/UK Epoch World Magnetic Model 1995. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a detailed summary of the data used, analyses performed, modeling techniques employed, and results obtained during the course of the 1995 Epoch World Magnetic Modeling effort. This report also contains the GEOMAG algorithm and describes its uses and limitations. Charts derived from the WMM-95 model and the GEOMAG algorithm for both the main geomagnetic field components and their secular variations are presented on Mercator and polar stereographic projections. Additionally, the numerical values of the main geomagnetic field components and their secular variations are tabulated on a 5-degree worldwide grid.

Quinn, J.M.; Coleman, R.J.; Shiel, D.L.

1995-04-01

220

The impact of Islamic banking on the cost efficiency and productivity change of Malaysian commercial banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study employs Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) to analyse Malaysian commercial banks during 1996–2002, and particularly focuses on determining the impact of Islamic banking on performance. We derive both net and gross efficiency estimates, thereby demonstrating that differences in operating characteristics explain much of the difference in costs between Malaysian banks. We also decompose productivity change into efficiency, technical, and

Mariani Abdul-Majid; David S. Saal; Giuliana Battisti

2011-01-01

221

DNA Banking  

SciTech Connect

The author is involved in the ethical, legal, and social issues of banking of DNA and data from DNA analysis. In his attempt to determine the extent of DNA banking in the U.S., the author surveyed some commercial companies performing DNA banking services. This article summarizes the results of that survey, with special emphasis on the procedures the companies use to protect the privacy of individuals. 4 refs.

Reilly, P.R. (Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center for Mental Retardation, Waltham, MA (United States))

1992-11-01

222

Hybrid imaging worldwide-challenges and opportunities for the developing world: a report of a Technical Meeting organized by IAEA.  

PubMed

The growth in nuclear medicine, in the past decade, is largely due to hybrid imaging, specifically single-photon emission tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) and positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT). Introduction and use of hybrid imaging has been growing at a fast pace. This has led to many challenges and opportunities to the personnel dealing with it. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) keeps a close watch on the trends in applications of nuclear techniques in health by many ways, including obtaining inputs from member states and professional societies. In 2012, a Technical Meeting on trends in hybrid imaging was organized by IAEA to understand the current status and trends of hybrid imaging using nuclear techniques, its role in clinical practice, and associated educational needs and challenges. Perspective of scientific societies and professionals from all the regions of the world was obtained. Heterogeneity in value, educational needs, and access was noted and the drivers of this heterogeneity were discussed. This article presents the key points shared during the technical meeting, focusing primarily on SPECT-CT and PET-CT, and shares the action plan for IAEA to deal with heterogeneity as suggested by the participants. PMID:23561459

Kashyap, Ravi; Dondi, Maurizio; Paez, Diana; Mariani, Guliano

2013-05-01

223

Government Ownership of Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT We assemble,data,on government,ownership,of banks,around,the world. The data show that such ownership is large and pervasive, and higher in countries with low levels of per capita income, backward financial systems, interventionist and inef- ficient governments, and poor protection of property rights. Higher government ownership,of banks,in 1970 is associated,with,slower,subsequent,financial,devel- opment,and,lower,growth,of per capita,income,and,productivity. This evidence supports,“political” theories,of the effects of government,ownership,of firms.

Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-De-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer

2002-01-01

224

THE EFFECTS OF WORLD WIDE WEB INSTRUCTION AND TRADITIONAL INSTRUCTION AND LEARNING STYLES ON ACHIEVEMENT AND CHANGES IN STUDENT ATTITUDES IN A TECHNICAL WRITING IN AN AGRICOMMUNICATION COURSE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the effects of types of instruction and learning styles in a three-credit hour, technical writing in an agricommunication course on their achievement and attitudes towards writing, learning about writing, computers and the Internet .The two methods of instruction were traditional instruction without a laboratory and World Wide Web instruction with a

Tina M. Day

225

77 FR 14017 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program...that the public comment period ends at the time indicated above...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC)...

2012-03-08

226

77 FR 4820 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program...that the public comment periods end at the times indicated above...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC)...

2012-01-31

227

George Bank  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book provides a rich feast for anyone who has a hunger to learn more about Georges Bank! Its 593 large pages provide articles on a wide variety of scientific and resource management topics. Many human interest features are also included. Among the latter are a photograph demonstrating the only proper way for a seagoing chemist to imbibe, and articles entitled, “My First Trip on Georges Bank,” and “‘Bait Up!’: Dory Fishing on Georges Bank.”Proving that every cloud has a silver lining, interest in producing this book was driven by the climate of controversy that surrounded Georges Bank in the latter 1970s and early 1980s. This was a time when exploratory wells were being driven to search for oil and when disputes between Canada and the United States about jurisdiction over the Bank were reaching their peak. As Backus notes in the Foreword, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass., set up a Coastal Research Center in 1979 when “the oil/fish dispute on Georges Bank was hot.” The direct costs of publishing this book were, in turn, supported by the Coastal Research Center.

Codispoti, L. A.

228

A fundamental shift in the approach to international health by WHO, UNICEF, and the World Bank: instances of the practice of "intellectual fascism" and totalitarianism in some Asian countries.  

PubMed

Navarro has used the term "intellectual fascism" to depict the intellectual situation in the McCarthy era. Intellectual fascism is now more malignant in the poor countries of the world. The Indian Subcontinent, China, and some other Asian countries provide the context. The struggles of the working class culminated in the Alma-Ata Declaration of self-reliance in health by the peoples of the world. To protect their commercial and political interests, retribution from the rich countries was sharp and swift, they "invented" Selective Primary Health Care and used WHO, UNICEF, the World Bank, and other agencies to let loose on poor countries a barrage of "international initiatives" as global programs on immunization, AIDS, and tuberculosis. These programs were astonishingly defective in concept, design, and implementation. The agencies refused to take note of such criticisms when they were published by others. They have been fascistic, ahistorical, grossly unscientific, and Goebbelsian propagandists. The conscience keepers of public health have mostly kept quiet. PMID:10379453

Banerji, D

1999-01-01

229

ELECTRONIC BANKING - ADVANTAGES FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES DELIVERY  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-banking is a fully automatic service for traditionally banking customer's products based on information technology platforms. E-banking services provide customer access to accounts, the ability to move their money between different accounts or making payments via e-channels. The advantages generated by this services have determined an accelerate developing of this industry over the entire world. This paper examines some of

Bojan Daniela; Mutu Simona; Paun Dragos

2010-01-01

230

76 FR 64088 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket Number NIOSH-248] World Trade Center Health Program...that the public comment period ends at the times indicated or following...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC)...

2011-10-17

231

76 FR 81947 - World Trade Center Health Program Scientific/Technical Advisory Committee (WTCHP STAC or Advisory...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention World Trade Center Health Program...that the public comment period ends at the time indicated or following...make recommendations to the World Trade Center (WTC) Program...Human Services (HHS), the World Trade Center (WTC)...

2011-12-29

232

Georges Bank conflict resolved  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Court of Justice has resolved the long-term conflict between the United States and Canada over claims to mineral and living resources lying along the countries' common Atlantic maritime border. On October 12, in a 4-1 decision, the World Court rejected the United States' claim to the entire Georges Bank area, a region of the Continental Shelf off Massachusetts and Nova Scotia that is a prime fishing ground and is believed to have good potential for oil and gas deposits as well. The disputed area is roughly the top third of the Georges Bank area. The court awarded each country approximately half of this disputed area. No appeals are allowed under this decision.

Robb, David W.

1984-04-01

233

The Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Upon its completion in 1997, the Green Bank Telescope will be the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope. It is located at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank WV within the boundaries of the National Radio Quiet Zone, an area within which astronomers have some control over transmitters which might be harmful to radio astronomy. The GBT will be 100 meters in diameter, have a solid surface whose panels are accurate to nearly 100mu , and have motorized actuators supporting the panels which can be adjusted continually to compensate for gravitational and other distortions. The optics is that of an unblocked paraboloid whose focal point is outside of the aperture to reduce the effects of interference and standing waves. An innovative laser metrology system will monitor the position of many parts of the telescope to allow accurate focus and pointing. The initial suite of receivers will cover 25 MHz to 50 GHz.

Lockman, F. J.

1996-05-01

234

Early Childhood Development through an Integrated Program: Evidence from the Philippines. Impact Evaluation Series No. 2. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3922-IE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More attention and resources have been devoted in recent years to early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Rigorous studies on the effectiveness of ECD-related programs for improving children's development in various dimensions in the developing world are scant. The authors evaluate an important ECD initiative of the…

Armecin, Graeme; Behrman, Jere R.; Ghuman, Sharon; Gultiano, Socorro; King, Elizabeth M.; Lee, Nanette

2006-01-01

235

Banking Theory, Deposit Insurance, and Bank Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

I. Introduction The last several years have seen extensive change in the U.S. banking industry. ' In the 1950s and 1960s the banking industry was a symbol of stability. By contrast, recent years have seen the greatest frequency of bank failures since the Great Depression. During the same period, the banking environment has undergone the most significant changes since 1933,

Douglas W. Diamond; Philip H. Dybvig

1986-01-01

236

Simulating Retail Banking for Banking Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the implementation flow and development of retail bank management simulation based training system which could provide a comprehensive knowledge about the operations and management of banks for the banking students. The prototype of a Retail banking simulation based training system was developed based on…

Supramaniam, Mahadevan; Shanmugam, Bala

2009-01-01

237

For several years Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, has been left out of the World Bank's "Heavily Indebted Poor Country" (HIPC) debt relief initiative. At last, Haiti may soon see some of its IMF and World Bank debt cancelled. (1) (Haiti also has $550 million in Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) debt ? 13% of its GDP - and this too is expected to be cancelled)  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. Representative Maxine Waters hopes to fast track Haiti's debt relief process with legislation she recently introduced that would instruct the U.S. Treasury to push for full cancellation of Haiti's debt without conditions at the Multilateral Development Banks. The Bush Administration and some Latin American countries (including Chile as well as debtors like Bolivia) have encouraged the IDB to be

Dan Beeton

238

Microfinance in Indian banking industry and its future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indian banking system, which is among the largest banking networks in the world, did not reach most of the rural poor in India. About 70% of the Indian population from rural areas accounted for only 30% of bank deposits. In the early 1990s, to provide credit and savings services to the poor, microfinance was envisaged. By the mid 1990s, several

Nandita Mishra; Munesh Chandra

2010-01-01

239

Media ownership, concentration and corruption in bank lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on the pioneering study by Beck, Demirguc-Kunt, and Levine (2006), this study examines the effects of media ownership and concentration on corruption in bank lending using a unique World Bank data set covering more than 5,000 firms across 59 countries. We find strong evidence that state ownership of media is associated with higher levels of bank corruption. We also

Joel F. Houston; Chen Lin; Yue Ma

2011-01-01

240

Customer switching behaviour in the Chinese retail banking industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – There is intense competition and increasing globalisation in financial markets. Bank management must develop customer-oriented strategies in order to compete successfully in the competitive retail banking environment. The longer a bank can retain a customer, the greater revenue and cost savings from that customer. China's accession to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) has resulted in the liberalisation and

Michael D. Clemes; Christopher Gan; Dongmei Zhang

2010-01-01

241

Measurement and Meaning: Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Methods for the Analysis of Poverty and Social Exclusion in Latin America. World Bank Technical Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report consists of a collection of case studies from Latin America combining qualitative and quantitative research methods for the analysis of poverty within a social exclusion framework. The first chapter provides an overview of the differences between quantitative and qualitative methods, and the gains from using both types of methods in…

Gacitua-Mario, Estanislao, Ed.; Wodon, Quentin, Ed.

242

Educacion Tecnica y Formacion Profesional. Documento de Politica del Banco Mundial (Vocational and Technical Education and Training. A World Bank Policy Paper).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A competent and flexible work force, one that can acquire new skills as economies change, is a necessary prerequisite for economic and social development. In the modern wage sector, skilled workers and technicians enhance the efficiency and quality of pro...

J. Middleton A. Ziderman A. Van Adams

1992-01-01

243

Human Resources Planning in the Republic of Korea. Improving Technical Education and Vocational Training. World Bank Staff Working Papers Number 554.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the 1980s the Korean economy will have to undergo far-reaching structural changes. The major problems faced by the Korean labor market continue to be an excessive demand for college graduates and an excessive supply of high school graduates. Their solution requires a renewed national commitment to human resource development with emphasis…

Lee, Kye-Woo

244

Access to Education for the Poor in Europe and Central Asia: Preliminary Evidence and Policy Implications. World Bank Technical Paper No. 511.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Europe and Central Asia, the poor face three problems: (1) the education system as a whole does not work well, and hence fails to meet their needs; (2) the private cost of education has risen, so that "education," as a commodity, competes with other consumption goods in shrinking household budgets; and (3) the perceived benefits of education…

Vandycke, Nancy

245

Armenia: Restructuring To Sustain Universal General Education. World Bank Technical Paper No. 498. Europe and Central Asia Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Before the break-up of the Soviet Union, Armenia had a highly developed and expensive education system, matching the needs of the command economy. The government is now facing an enormous challenge to sustain universal coverage and performance standards in primary-secondary education with a small fraction of the former budget, while reorienting…

Perkins, Gillian; Yemtsov, Ruslan

246

A Better World for All  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to this new report from the World Bank, 1.2 billion people worldwide live on less than $1 a day; another 1.6 billion people live on less than $2 a day. "A Better World for All" outlines the concerns and goals for setting the groundwork to reduce global poverty. Loaded with charts, graphs, and images, this 28-page report, available in HTML and .pdf formats, allows readers to understand the basic goals of the World Bank. Here readers will find an overview of seven of the World Bank's main issues including poverty, education, infant and child mortality, and the environment. Also included are a questions and answers section, links, and goals and indicators. While "A Better World for All" doesn't offer the kind of in-depth information that experts in development seek, it gives an excellent, easy-to-understand introduction to the kinds of global problems the World Bank studies and strives to solve.

247

Bridging the Gap between the Technical Communication Classroom and the Internship: Teaching Social Consciousness and Real-World Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Service-learning projects and traditional internships both prepare the student of technical communication for the workforce in many ways. What is lacking in the scholarship is a discussion of how to successfully link these two ideas. To help teachers implement courses that bridge the gap between service-learning projects and internships, I…

Bourelle, Tiffany

2012-01-01

248

The Technical Report and Its Impact on Post-World War II Information Systems: Two Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hundreds of thousands of reports generated by wartime and postwar scientific and technical research, together with several hundred tons of captured enemy documents, challenged tradi- tional methods of information organization, dissemination, and retrieval. In the interests of maintaining military superiority and jump-starting the economy, U.S. government policy favored maximum declassification and speedy dissemination of infor- mation to business and industry.

Jana Varlejs

249

78 FR 64598 - Bank Enterprise Award (BEA) Program; Programmatic and Administrative Aspects; Public Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and other forms of financial and technical assistance...efforts to service the banking needs of low- and...Fund considers a financial institution's CRA...Appropriate Federal Banking Regulatory Agency? B. Financial Health: The...

2013-10-29

250

Denying Foreign Bank Entry: Implications for Bank Interest Margins  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of restricting foreign bank entry on bank net interest margins while controlling for (a) impediments to domestic bank entry, (b) the degree of foreign bank ownership of the domestic banking industry, (c) an array of bank-specific characteristics, (c) banking sectorconcentration, and (d) various country traits. Using data on almost 1200 banks across 47 countries, the

Ross Levine

2003-01-01

251

Bank deregulation and acquisition activity: the cases of the US, Italy and Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Bank regulators across the world have recently lifted restrictions on where banks can operate and what type of activities they can perform. Following the deregulation of the sector, bank mergers and acquisitions have grown substantially. The purpose of this paper is to outline bank deregulation and acquisition activity, focusing on the USA, Italy and Germany. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The

Jens Hagendorff; Michael Collins; Kevin Keasey

2007-01-01

252

United States Participation in the Multilateral Development Banks in the 1980s.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study focuses on four institutions--the World Bank Group, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and the African Development Bank. The first part of the assessment discusses the role of the MDBs in the international economic ...

1982-01-01

253

Why Do Banks Need a Central Bank?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conventional view is that the joint provision of payments' services together with portfolio management functions by banks exposes the monetary system to contagious failure, which a Central Bank should prevent. The author argues, however, that the joint provision of payments' services and portfolio management could be safely conducted by mutual collective investment intermediaries without such Central Bank support, and

C. A. E. GOODHART

1987-01-01

254

Is bank supervision central to central banking?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, several central banks have lost their bank supervisory responsibilities, in part because it has not been shown that supervisory authority improves the conduct of monetary policy. This paper finds that confidential bank supervisory information could help the Board staff more accurately forecast important macroeconomic variables and is used by FOMC members to guide monetary policy. These findings suggest that

Joe Peek; Eric S. Rosengren; Geoffrey M. B. Tootell

1999-01-01

255

THE EMPLOYMENT OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL ENEMY ALIENS (ESTEA) SCHEME IN AUSTRALIA: A REPARATION FOR WORLD WAR II?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The new fields of atomic and nuclear science represented a weapon of immense power which, following 1945, became the key to military and economic activity precipitating the post-war arms race. Antipodean Australia was not unaffected by these advances in scientific knowledge. The Australian government, impressed by the technological changes elsewhere in the world and confident in the belief that the

Uta v. Homeyer

1994-01-01

256

Multimedia Courseware Development for World Heritage Sites and Its Trial Integration into Instruction in Higher Technical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on creative ways of using technology in the classroom, specifically the development of multimedia courseware on World Heritage through which learners are able to upgrade their knowledge and cognition regarding historical and cultural legacies from the past, and to improve English skills. The content of the pilot courseware…

Tsai, Shu-Chiao

2011-01-01

257

Asian Development Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1966, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) is headquartered in Manila. Their operations extend across 67 countries, and their primary mission is "to help its developing member countries reduce poverty and improve the quality of life of their people." In order to achieve this goal, ADB offers loans, technical assistance, grants, advice, and knowledge. Along the top of their homepage, visitors can make their way through the following sections: "Projects", "Countries", "News & Events", "Topics", and "Publications". The "Topics" area is a good place to start, as it contains information about some of their signature programs, which range from work on preventing bird flu outbreaks to law and policy reform throughout the region. Moving on, the "Publications" area is a real treat for policy types, and visitors can look at recent documents like "Revitalization of Historic Inner-City Areas in Asia".

258

World Development Indicators  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by the World Bank Group, World Development Indicators is an annual report containing statistical data on global topics such as people, environment, the economy, and states and markets. The Website for World Development Indicators provides all of the text of the report, but it only contains a small selection of the tables offered in the actual report, which is available on CD ROM for purchasing.

259

Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

December 1996Do well-functioning stock markets and banks promote long-term economic growth? Yes, but stock markets and banks differ in the financial services they provide.Using data on 49 countries from 1976 to 1993, the authors investigate whether measures of stock market liquidity, size, volatility, and integration in world capital markets predict future rates of economic growth, capital accumulation, productivity improvements, and

Ross Levine; Sara Zervos

1999-01-01

260

Bank incentives, contract design and bank runs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the Diamond–Dybvig [Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity, J. Polit. Econ. 91 (1983) 401–419] model as developed in Green and Lin [Implementing efficient allocations in a model of financial intermediation, J. Econ. Theory 109 (2003) 1–23] and Peck and Shell [Equilibrium bank runs, J. Polit. Econ. 111 (2003) 103–123]. We dispense with the notion of a bank as

David Andolfatto; Ed Nosal

2008-01-01

261

Banking efficiency and stock market performance: an analysis of listed Indonesian banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this paper is to examine the monthly profit-based technical efficiency and productivity of listed Indonesian\\u000a banks and their market performance. We examined the banks through the prism of two modelling techniques, efficiency and super-efficiency,\\u000a over the period January 2003 to end-July 2007. Within this research strategy we employed Tone’s (2001) non-parametric, Slacks-Based Model (SBM) and Tone’s

Muliaman D. Hadad; Maximilian J. B. Hall; Karligash A. Kenjegalieva; Wimboh Santoso; Richard Simper

2011-01-01

262

Women's water polo World Championships: technical and tactical aspects of winning and losing teams in close and unbalanced games.  

PubMed

This study aimed to compare the technical and tactical aspects between winning and losing teams in close (i.e., 1-3 goals of difference) and unbalanced (i.e., > 3 goals of difference) elite women's water polo games. A notational analysis was performed on 45 games to evaluate: occurrence of action, mean duration, action outcome, origin and execution of shot, offensive and defensive role and arrangement ofEven, Counterattack, Power-play, and Transition situations. Independent 2-sided t-tests were applied to show differences (p < 0.05) between teams. Regarding close games, effects emerged for action outcome (Counterattack: lost possessions; Power-play: goals, no goal shots), origin (Even: zone 1, zone 4; Counterattack: zone 1, zone 5) and execution (Even: off-the-water shots; Counterattack: shots after > than 2 fakes; Power-play: drive shots) of shots, Offensive Even arrangements (6vs6/5vs5; 2vs2/1vs1) and role. Regarding unbalanced games, differences emerged for the occurrence of action (Even; Counterattack), duration (Even; Power-play), action outcome (Even: goals, penalties; Counterattack: goals, no goal shots, penalties; Power-play: goals, no goal shots;Transition: lost possessions), origin (Even: zone 2, zone 4; Counterattack: zone 5) and execution (Even: free throws, drive shots; Counterattack: drive shots,shots after > 2 fakes; Power-play: drive shots,shots after 1 fake) of shots; Offensive Even arrangements (2vs2/1vs1) and role; and Defensive Even arrangements (pressing, zone 1-2, zone M, zone 2-3-4). Differences between close and unbalanced games underline that water polo performance should be analyzed in relation to specific margins of victory. Therefore, water polo coaches and physical trainers can plan a sound training sessions according to the most important aspects of close (opponent's exclusion, centre forward play, Power-play actions) and unbalanced (defensive skills) games. PMID:23588481

Lupo, Corrado; Condello, Giancarlo; Tessitore, Antonio

2013-04-12

263

The technical basis for air pathway assessment of resuspended radioactive aerosols: LLNL experiences at seven sites around the world  

SciTech Connect

There is a large uncertainty in quantifying the inhalation pathway and the aerosol emission rate in human health assessments of radioactive-contamination sites. The need for site-specific assessments led to formation of our team of specialists at LLNL, who have participated in numerous field campaigns around the world. Our goal was to obtain all the information necessary for determining potential human exposures and to estimate source terms for turbulent transport of the emissions during both normal and disturbed soil conditions. That is, measurements were made of the key variables to quantify the suspended aerosols at the actual contamination sites, but different scenarios for habitation, site management, and site cleanup were included. The most notable locations of these site-investigations were the Marshall Islands (Bikini, Enewetak, and Rongelap), Nevada Test Site (GMX, Little Feller, Palanquin, and Plutonium Valley), Tonopah (Nevada--site of Roller Coaster), Savannah River Lab (South Carolina--H-Area site), Johnston Island (cleanup of rocket-impact site), Chernobyl (Ukraine--grass field end sandy beach sites near Nuclear Power Plant Unit 4), and Palomares (Spain--site of aircraft accident). This discussion will review the variables quantified, methods developed, general results, uncertainty of estimations, and recommendations for future research that are a result of our experience in these field studies.

Shinn, J.H.

1993-09-01

264

Impact of non-traditional activities on the efficiency of Indian banks: an empirical investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the relevance of the inclusion of non-traditional activities in the specification of banks' output on the efficiency of Indian banks. The results indicate that the exclusion of non-traditional activities not only understates the cost, technical and allocative efficiencies of individual banks but also affects the ranking of ownership groups in the industry. In particular, when a proxy

Rachita Gulati; Sunil Kumar

2011-01-01

265

Lessons from internet banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus on new technologies in service situations is growing and is of particular importance in financial services contexts. It is argued that there is mutuality of benefit for both bank and customer through the adoption of self-service technologies (SSTs), of which e-banking is but one example. While the economic imperative for banks' adoption of e-banking solutions is clear, the

Mark Durkin

266

Bank of Japan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bank of Japan serves as Japan's central bank. The web site contains publications such as Quarterly Economic Outlook, Balance of Payments Monthly, and Economic Statistics Monthly. Visitors can also find press releases, Governor's speeches and statistics on prices, money, interest rates, exchange rates, and the Bank of Japan accounts.

267

European Central Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Together with the national central banks of the European Union, the European Central Bank (ECB) collects statistical information and governs the European System of Central Banks (ESCB). Legal texts about the ECB, the ESCB, and the European Monetary Union (EMI) are provided in addition to press releases, speeches, euro area statistics and selected publications of the EMI (in eleven European languages).

268

Salt River Salt Banks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Salt River Salt Banks are located on the north shore of the Salt River on the Fort Apache Indian Reservation. Three small springs emerge above and flow over the salt banks resulting in the formation of stalactites. The mechanism by which the banks wer...

E. L. Smith G. L. Bender

1973-01-01

269

The Evolution of Central Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

November 1995What have we learned about central banks? The principal factors affecting central bank autonomy in the past two centuries have been prevailing political conditions, a laissez faire environment, and the exchange rate regime (whether fixed or floating).Institutions we know as central banks emerged or were established as commercial banks or government banks. Their evolution into central banks came with

Forrest Capie

1999-01-01

270

78 FR 12360 - PNC Bank, National Association, Retail Bank Franklin, PA; PNC Bank, National Association, Retail...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...National Association, Retail Bank Franklin, PA; PNC Bank, National Association...National Association, Retail Bank, Franklin, Pennsylvania (TA-W-82,188...separations at PNC's Retail Banks in Franklin, Pennsylvania and West Chester,...

2013-02-22

271

A World-Class University-Industry Consortium for Wind Energy Research, Education, and Workforce Development: Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

During the two-year project period, the consortium members have developed control algorithms for enhancing the reliability of wind turbine components. The consortium members have developed advanced operation and planning tools for accommodating the high penetration of variable wind energy. The consortium members have developed extensive education and research programs for educating the stakeholders on critical issues related to the wind energy research and development. In summary, The Consortium procured one utility-grade wind unit and two small wind units. Specifically, the Consortium procured a 1.5MW GE wind unit by working with the world leading wind energy developer, Invenergy, which is headquartered in Chicago, in September 2010. The Consortium also installed advanced instrumentation on the turbine and performed relevant turbine reliability studies. The site for the wind unit is Invenergy�������¢����������������s Grand Ridge wind farmin Illinois. The Consortium, by working with Viryd Technologies, installed an 8kW Viryd wind unit (the Lab Unit) at an engineering lab at IIT in September 2010 and an 8kW Viryd wind unit (the Field Unit) at the Stuart Field on IIT�������¢����������������s main campus in July 2011, and performed relevant turbine reliability studies. The operation of the Field Unit is also monitored by the Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU) in the nearby Stuart Building. The Consortium commemorated the installations at the July 20, 2011 ribbon-cutting ceremony. The Consortium�������¢����������������s researches on turbine reliability included (1) Predictive Analytics to Improve Wind Turbine Reliability; (2) Improve Wind Turbine Power Output and Reduce Dynamic Stress Loading Through Advanced Wind Sensing Technology; (3) Use High Magnetic Density Turbine Generator as Non-rare Earth Power Dense Alternative; (4) Survivable Operation of Three Phase AC Drives in Wind Generator Systems; (5) Localization of Wind Turbine Noise Sources Using a Compact Microphone Array; (6) Wind Turbine Acoustics - Numerical Studies; and (7) Performance of Wind Turbines in Rainy Conditions. The Consortium�������¢����������������s researches on wind integration included (1) Analysis of 2030 Large-Scale Wind Energy Integration in the Eastern Interconnection; (2) Large-scale Analysis of 2018 Wind Energy Integration in the Eastern U.S. Interconnection; (3) Integration of Non-dispatchable Resources in Electricity Markets; (4) Integration of Wind Unit with Microgrid. The Consortium�������¢����������������s education and outreach activities on wind energy included (1) Wind Energy Training Facility Development; (2) Wind Energy Course Development; (3) Wind Energy Outreach.

Shahidehpour, Mohammad

2012-10-30

272

Technical and editorial administration of a World-Wide-Web site during a period of rapid growth: the OncoLink experience.  

PubMed

OncoLink is a cancer information resource on the World-Wide-Web (WWW) that provides a wide variety of information for cancer patients and healthcare providers. Since its introduction in March, 1994 it has enjoyed success as demonstrated by an over 31-fold increase in usage as of February, 1996. Current utilization exceeds 1.1 million accesses per month. The content of OncoLink has also expanded greatly, with new items being added daily. In addition, OncoLink has been the recipient of numerous awards from a variety of agencies and organizations. During this period of rapid growth, the complexity of managing and maintaining OncoLink has likewise increased. This work may be divided into three categories: content editing, technical (or production) editing, and web site maintenance. Consequently, we have developed numerous administrative procedures to handle this workload. After implementing these new administrative strategies, we were able to greatly reduce the need for face-to-face meetings of our Editorial and Production Staffs. This paper describes our experience with developing efficient strategies for managing the daily operation of OncoLink during a period of rapid growth. PMID:8947696

Benjamin, I; Dilling, T J; Campbell, K C; Maraqa, A; Liang, B; Medbery, R; Goldwein, J W

1996-01-01

273

Green Bank (National Radio Astronomical Observatory)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Located in Green Bank, Pocahontas County, West Virginia. The site of the world's largest fully steerable radio telescope, which was under construction during 1999 and 2000. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) is a facility of the US National Science Foundation, and is operated under a cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI)....

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

274

Factors Influencing the Adoption of Internet Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

A research framework based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen 1985) and the diffusion of innovations theory (Rogers 1983) was used to identify the attitudinal, social and perceived behavioral control factors that would influence the adoption of Internet banking. An online questionnaire was designed on the World Wide Web (WWW). Respondents participated through extensive personalized e- mail invitations as

Margaret Tan; Thompson S. H. Teo

2000-01-01

275

Community banks in Australia: an innovative approach to social and economic wealth creation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community banks in Australia are a recent new phenomenon. Their ownership structure and operational model, however, suggest an innovative approach to social and economic wealth creation is different from that typical of community and cooperative banks elsewhere in the world. In this paper we explain and discuss distinctive features of these community banks and how their business model may be

Graeme Byrne; Maureen Rogers; Earl Jobling; Rhett H. Walker; Lester W. Johnson

2005-01-01

276

The UK Stem Cell Bank: Securing the Past, Validating the Present, Protecting the Future1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004 the United Kingdom opened the world's first stem cell bank. The UK Stem Cell Bank takes donations of ethically approved stem cell lines, tests them, grows larger stocks, and re-distributes the material internationally. As such the Bank has an important guardianship role in the international movement of human embryonic stem cell lines. It also enacts a particular future

Neil Stephens; Paul Atkinson; Peter Glasner

2008-01-01

277

The measurement of end-user computing satisfaction of online banking services: empirical evidence from Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Although research into the adoption and use of online banking services has grown in many parts of the world, the centre of attention has been largely on determinants of online banking adoption, not on users' satisfaction with use. This paper aims to test and validate the End-User Computing Satisfaction (EUCS) model in order to investigate online banking users'

Kari Pikkarainen; Tero Pikkarainen; Heikki Karjaluoto; Seppo Pahnila

2006-01-01

278

Universal Banks and Corporate Control - Evidence from the Global Syndicated Loan Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks play a role in the corporate governance of firms as well as acting as debt financiers around the world. Universal banks can have control over borrowing firms by representation on the board of directors or by holding shares through direct stakes or institutional holdings. We investigate the effects of these bank-firm governance links on the global syndicated loan market.

Miguel A. Ferreira; Pedro Matos

2009-01-01

279

Investigating bank structure of an open petroleum economy: the case of Saudi Arabia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates concentration, efficiency, and profitability of commercial banks operating in Saudi Arabia, which is considering acceding to the World Trade Organisation whose rules on financial services liberalisation could pose a competitive challenge to local banks. We use regression analysis to investigate the underlying determinants of Saudi bank concentration, efficiency, and profitability. The significance of the study stems from

Musa Essayyad; Haider Madani

2003-01-01

280

Ownership Reform, Foreign Competition and Efficiency of Chinese Commercial Banks: A Non-parametric Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, the pressure for bank reforms has mounted as China ought to have fully opened up its financial market to foreign competition by 2006. Efficiency is key for domestic banks to survive in a liberalised environment, but it appears that the last hope for raising bank efficiency is through ownership reform. Whether

Shujie Yao; Zhongwei Han; Genfu Feng

2008-01-01

281

U.S. Derails Energy Plan for Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reagan's budget policy has cut support for an international energy agency planned to channel $30 billion into oil-poor Third World countries. The funds would finance energy projects over a five-year period and would more than double World Bank development aid. The US representative to the World Bank called the action ill-advised for its effect on both the Bank and global

Colin Norman

1981-01-01

282

EDUCATION FOR A CHANGING WORLD OF WORK, REPORT OF THE PANEL OF CONSULTANTS ON VOCATIONAL EDUCATION. APPENDIX I, TECHNICAL TRAINING IN THE UNITED STATES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS REPORT DEALS WITH TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND THE PART IT PLAYS IN PROVIDING TRAINED TECHNICIANS AND OTHER TECHNICAL WORKERS FOR AMERICAN INDUSTRY. RAPID TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE IS INCREASING THE PROPORTION OF BOTH MALE AND FEMALE SEMIPROFESSIONAL TECHNICAL WORKERS IN INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURE, BUSINESS, MEDICINE, AND HEALTH. THE GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY OF…

EMERSON, LYNN A.

283

The Origins of Banking Panics: Models, Facts, and Bank Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banking panics are the central event informing and rationalizing government intervention into the banking industry. In the last decade progress has been made in understanding the origins of panics. This essay reviews recent theoretical and empirical work on the origins of banking panics. New evidence on the causes of banking panics is introduced. Banking panics do not appear to have

Charles W. Calomiris; Gary Gorton

1991-01-01

284

Bank and near-bank processes in an incised channel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gravitational forces acting on in situ bank material act in concert with hydraulic forces at the bank toe to determine rates of bank erosion. The interaction of these forces control streambank mechanics. Hydraulic forces exerted by flowing water on in situ bank-toe material and failed cohesive material at the bank toe are often sufficient to entrain materials at relatively frequent

Andrew Simon; Andrea Curini; Stephen E. Darby; Eddy J. Langendoen

2000-01-01

285

International accounting harmonization, banking regulation, and Islamic banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islamic banks perform both commercial and investment banking services but do not establish firewalls to separate these two services legally, financially, and managerially. Unlike conventional commercial banks, Islamic banks are prohibited from charging or paying of interest. Instead, Islamic banks offer profit-sharing investment accounts, such that investors' return depends on the return on the assets financed by the investors' funds.

Rifaat Ahmed Abdel Karim

2001-01-01

286

Banking Intelligence: Application of data warehouse in bank operations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Along with the development of information technology, business intelligence plays an important role in the bank operation process. Bank Intelligence is a method of storing and presenting key bank business data so that anyone in the bank can quickly and easily ask questions of accurate and timely data. In a bank network, hundreds of millions of customer data records are

Zhonglin Lin; Minghua Zhu; Wenjun Yin; Jin Dong

2008-01-01

287

The Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory Green Bank Telescope (GBT) is the world's largest fully steerable telescope. The GBT has now been in routine operation for over two years, observing at frequencies up to 50 GHz. In order to deliver the tracking accuracies required at 50 GHz, we solve simultaneously for gravitational and thermal effects in the development of the static pointing and focus tracking models. A precision temperature sensor system then generates additional real-time corrections to compensate for varying thermal gradients in the antenna. Collimation and surface accuracy requirements are met by an active surface control system which combines initial corrections derived from a finite element model of the antenna with additional terms derived from astronomical phase-retrieval holography measurements. The GBT has a rich suite of instrumentation including receivers which cover almost the complete frequency range from ~ 290 MHz to 50 GHz, and backends for spectroscopy, pulsar observing, broadband continuum, very long baseline interferometry and planetary radar reception. A 64-pixel bolometer camera is under development by a consortium including UPenn, NASA-GSFC, NIST, UCardiff and NRAO. Recent software developments include an extremely flexible application which combines traditional interactive observing, scheduling-block based observing and real-time monitoring and data display in a single, convenient interface. In this paper I will summarize the current performance of the GBT, and review some recent science results. I will also describe how plans changed with time, and review some of the lessons learned in the development of the telescope.

Prestage, R. M.

2006-07-01

288

Employee occupational stress in banking.  

PubMed

Occupational stress literature emphasizes the importance of assessment and management of work related stress. The recognition of the harmful physical and psychological effects of stress on both individuals and organizations is widely studied in many parts of the world. However, in other regions such research is only at the introductory stages. The present study examines occupational stress of employees in the banking sector. A sample of 60 bank employees at different organizational levels and educational backgrounds was used. Data collection utilized the Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI). Results of data analysis provided evidence that employees' educational levels affect the degree of stress they experience in various ways. Bank employees cannot afford the time to relax and "wind down" when they are faced with work variety, discrimination, favoritism, delegation and conflicting tasks. The study also shows the degree to which some employees tend to bring work-related problems home (and take family problems to work) depends on their educational background, the strength of the employees' family support, and the amount of time available for them to relax. Finally, the drinking habits (alcohol) of the employees were found to play a significant role in determining the levels of occupational stress. PMID:15860902

Michailidis, Maria; Georgiou, Yiota

2005-01-01

289

World Development Report 2004  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently released, this annual report on the state of world development (written by staff members at the World Bank) is an important document that adopts as its main thesis that broad improvements in human welfare around the globe will not occur unless "poor people receive wider access to affordable, better quality services in health, education, water, sanitation, and electricity." From this main site, visitors can download an executive summary of the report's findings, or download any of the work's chapters, which range in content from the importance of government action and the framework for social provision. Equally compelling are the sections that detail how the World Bank worked with a wide range of stakeholders about the report's content and main ideas, and still another section that contains the transcription of an electronic discussion held about the draft edition of the report in the spring of 2003.

290

GenBank  

Microsoft Academic Search

GenBank1 is a comprehensive database that con- tains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 165000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web- based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the

Dennis A. Benson; Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi; David J. Lipman; James Ostell; David L. Wheeler

2003-01-01

291

GenBank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The GenBank ® sequence database incorporates publicly available DNA sequences of >55 000 different organisms, primarily through direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (Web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA

Dennis A. Benson; Ilene Karsch-Mizrachi; David J. Lipman; James Ostell; Barbara A. Rapp; David L. Wheeler

2000-01-01

292

Bank Failure and Bank-Specific Factors: A  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys recent empirical literature to identify what are the bank-specific factors of banking failure. It shows that the five elements of the CAMEL framework are the principal bank-specific factors of banking failure. The results of selected papers suggest that capital level and earnings are the most relevant bank-specific factors. Nevertheless, because all the other bank-specific factors rely on

Raulin Lincifort Cadet

293

40 CFR Banking - General Information  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false General Information Banking Averaging, Banking and Trading (ABT) Program Protection of Environment...at 67 FR 40183, June 12, 2002] Averaging, Banking and Trading (ABT) ProgramâGeneral...

2010-07-01

294

GenBank.  

PubMed

GenBank® (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available nucleotide sequences for almost 260 000 formally described species. These sequences are obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects, including whole-genome shotgun (WGS) and environmental sampling projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs, and GenBank staff assigns accession numbers upon data receipt. Daily data exchange with the European Nucleotide Archive (ENA) and the DNA Data Bank of Japan (DDBJ) ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through the NCBI Entrez retrieval system, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, begin at the NCBI home page: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. PMID:23193287

Benson, Dennis A; Cavanaugh, Mark; Clark, Karen; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J; Ostell, James; Sayers, Eric W

2012-11-27

295

Physics and banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum atomic models and kinetic theory of gases prove suitable for studying dynamic structures such as a bank's balance-sheet. The bank is considered to be a complex economical system which is segmented by different units, whereas it interacts with the economic environment and thus, it can be studied according to the complex networks methodology. The application of Fair Value according

Stella Stamataki Smyrnaki; Titos Smyrnakis

2008-01-01

296

GenBank  

PubMed Central

GenBank® is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 165?000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in the UK and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps to ensure worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI Homepage at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Benson, Dennis A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J.; Ostell, James; Wheeler, David L.

2005-01-01

297

GenBank  

PubMed Central

GenBank (R) is a comprehensive database that contains publicly available DNA sequences for more than 205?000 named organisms, obtained primarily through submissions from individual laboratories and batch submissions from large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the Web-based BankIt or standalone Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Daily data exchange with the EMBL Data Library in Europe and the DNA Data Bank of Japan ensures worldwide coverage. GenBank is accessible through NCBI's retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping, protein structure and domain information, and the biomedical journal literature via PubMed. BLAST provides sequence similarity searches of GenBank and other sequence databases. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. To access GenBank and its related retrieval and analysis services, go to the NCBI Homepage at .

Benson, Dennis A.; Karsch-Mizrachi, Ilene; Lipman, David J.; Ostell, James; Wheeler, David L.

2006-01-01

298

Banking (Conservatively) with Optimists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Commercial banks frequently encounter optimistic entrepreneurs whose perceptions are biased by wishful thinking. Bankers are left with a difficult screening problem: separating realistic entrepreneurs from optimists who may be clever, knowledgeable, and completely sincere. We build a game-theoretic model of the screening process. We show that although entrepreneurs may practice self-restraint to signal realism, competition may lead banks to be

Michael Manove; A. Jorge Padilla

1999-01-01

299

Oversampled filter banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perfect reconstruction oversampled filter banks are equivalent to a particular class of frames in l2(Z). These frames are the subject of this paper. First, the necessary and sufficient conditions of a filter bank for implementing a frame or a tight frame expansion are established, as well as a necessary and sufficient condition for perfect reconstruction using FIR filters after an

Z. Cvetkovic; M. Vetterli

1998-01-01

300

Soviet Banks and Bankers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A brief description of the organization of the Soviet banking system and the functions performed by it, as well as some glimpses of the role which Soviet bankers play in the economy of the Soviet Union are presented. The history of the Soviet banking syst...

E. Neuberger

1964-01-01

301

GenBank.  

PubMed

The GenBank((R))sequence database incorporates publicly available DNA sequences of >55 000 different organisms, primarily through direct submission of sequence data from individual laboratories and large-scale sequencing projects. Most submissions are made using the BankIt (Web) or Sequin programs and accession numbers are assigned by GenBank staff upon receipt. Data exchange with the EMBL Data Library and the DNA Data Bank of Japan helps ensure comprehensive worldwide coverage. GenBank data is accessible through NCBI's integrated retrieval system, Entrez, which integrates data from the major DNA and protein sequence databases along with taxonomy, genome, mapping and protein structure information, plus the biomedical literature via PubMed. Sequence similarity searching is provided by the BLAST family of programs. Complete bimonthly releases and daily updates of the GenBank database are available by FTP. NCBI also offers a wide range of WWW retrieval and analysis services based on GenBank data. The GenBank database and related resources are freely accessible via the NCBI home page at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov PMID:10592170

Benson, D A; Karsch-Mizrachi, I; Lipman, D J; Ostell, J; Rapp, B A; Wheeler, D L

2000-01-01

302

The Green Bank Telescope  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Green Bank Telescope The 100-m NRAO Green Bank Telescope will be completed in early 2000. The GBT has a large number of unique design and performance features that will give it unprecedented scientific capability. This poster display will review those features, which include an offset feed (clear aperture) design, an active surface, a closed-loop laser metrology system for surface

P. R. Jewell

1999-01-01

303

FED: Our Central Bank.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States. Congress created the Federal Reserve through a law passed in 1913, charging it with a responsibility to foster a sound banking system and healthy economy. This remains, today, the broad ...

2000-01-01

304

Central Bank Transparency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank transparency has become one of the key features of monetary policy recently. This survey article provides a structured review of the theoretical literature on the consequences of transparency of monetary policy, proposing a distinction between uncertainty and incentive effects of transparency. The theoretical insights are compared to the various ways in which central banks have become transparent in

Petra M. Geraats

2002-01-01

305

Banking. Teaching Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of consumer education materials for teenagers, this document focuses on banking and banking services. The series is based on the philosophy that teens need the training and guidance to develop the skills needed to become competent consumers. Developed for 4-H Club members, the material is designed to acquaint students with the…

Florida Univ., Gainesville. Florida Cooperative Extension Service.

306

Religious perspectives on umbilical cord blood banking.  

PubMed

Umbilical cord blood is a valuable source of haematopoietic stem cells. There is little information about whether religious affiliations have any bearing on attitudes to and decisions about its collection, donation and storage. The authors provided information about umbilical cord blood banking to expert commentators from six major world religions (Catholicism, Anglicanism, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Buddhism) and asked them to address a specific set of questions in a commentary. The commentaries suggest there is considerable support for umbilical cord blood banking in these religions. Four commentaries provide moral grounds for favouring public donation over private storage. None attach any particular religious significance to the umbilical cord or to the blood within it, nor place restrictions on the ethnicity or religion of donors and recipients. Views on ownership of umbilical cord blood vary. The authors offer a series of general points for those who seek a better understanding of religious perspectives on umbilical cord blood banking. PMID:22558902

Jordens, Christopher F C; O'Connor, Michelle A C; Kerridge, Ian H; Stewart, Cameron; Cameron, Andrew; Keown, Damien; Lawrence, Rabbi Jeremy; McGarrity, Andrew; Sachedina, Abdulaziz; Tobin, Bernadette

2012-03-01

307

Exploring the Determinant Factors of Bank’s Net Earnings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the determinants of bank net earnings defined as profit after tax and deductibles in selected banks in Nigeria. Data used were extracted from balance sheets and income statement accounts and analyzed with the Ordinary Least square regression model. The results confirmed that customer’s deposits and reserves all impacted positively on the net earnings but only one bank’s

Okoli Margaret Nnenna

2012-01-01

308

Electronic Money Free Banking and Some Implications for Central Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses electronic money, its relation to free banking and some implications for central banking. It begins by introducing its conceptual framework for modern central banking, in terms of which it then rehearses the free banking argument. It then reviews the development of e-money in terms of both electronic payment methods and electronic issue, with special attention paid to

Yuksel Gormez; Christopher Houghton Budd

2004-01-01

309

Explaining Bank Efficiency: Bank Size or Ownership Structure?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses cost and profit functions to estimate efficiency at the bank level for the 90s in Chile. Using these measures we explained cross-bank differences over time, which are related to bank size, ownership structure and other relevant variables. Our main findings are 1) banks that are established as open corporations in Chile tend to show higher level of

Rodrigo Fuentes; Marcos Vergara

310

Banks’ Internationalization Strategies: The Role of Bank Capital Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies how capital requirements influence a bank’s mode of entry into foreign financial markets. We develop a model of an internationally operating bank that creates and allocates liquidity across countries and argue that the advantage of multinational banking over offering cross-border financial services depends on the benefit and the cost of intimacy with local markets. The benefit is

Diemo Dietrich; Uwe Vollmer

2006-01-01

311

Understanding Attitudes Towards Internet Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer attitudes towards the adoption of Internet Banking have been identified in this paper. This study provides an early analysis of the impediments users perceive as inhibiting non-users adoption of Internet banking Internet Banking has been broadly defined in this paper as as the ability of the customer to transact business with the bank through the use of the Internet.

Danielle Hain; Holly Tootell; Carole Alcock

312

Bank Risk and Deposit Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguing that a relatively high cost of deposit insurance indicates that a bank takes excessive risks, this article estimates the cost of deposit insurance for a large sample of banks in 14 economies to assess the relationship between the risk-taking behavior of banks and their corporate governance structure. The results suggest that banks with concentrated ownership tend to take the

Luc Laeven

2002-01-01

313

Why do banks provide leasing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks are engaging in leasing activities at an increasing rate which is shown by aggregated data for European as well as for US banking companies. However, little is known about leasing activities at the bank level. The contribution of this paper is to introduce the nexus of leasing in banking. Starting from an institutional base, it shows key features of

Dilek Bülbül; Felix Noth

314

The Evolution of Central Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Evolution of Central Banks employs a wide range of historical evidence and reassesses current monetary analysis to argue that the development of non-profit-maximizing and noncompetitive central banks to supervise and regulate the commercial banking system fulfils a necessary and natural function. Goodhart surveys the case for free banking, examines the key role of the clearing house in the evolution

Charles Goodhart

1988-01-01

315

Can Relationship Banking Survive Competition?  

Microsoft Academic Search

How will banks evolve as competition increases from other banks and from the capital market? Will banks become more like capital market underwriters and offer passive transaction loans or return to their roots as relationship lending experts? These are the questions we address. Our key result is that as interbank competition increases, banks make \\

Arnoud W. A. Boot; Anjan V. Thakor

2000-01-01

316

Can Relationship Banking Survive Competition?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a model of the banking firm that is intended to reflect contemporary trends in the evolution of banks. In particular, we focus on the effects of both interbank and capital market competition on the role of banks in funding corporations. In our model, banks can choose to provide loans that are similar to capital market funding (transaction loans)

Arnoud W A Boot; Anjan Thakor

1997-01-01

317

Swiss Bank Dormant Accounts Web Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Swiss Bankers Association provides this site, listing "all currently known dormant [bank] accounts" that were opened prior to the end of World War II by non-Swiss Citizens. The list can be browsed alphabetically, and contains only name and available information on last reported town and country. Also included is a listing of those given power of attorney by the account holders, as well as information on the individuals who gave power of attorney. This site provides information on how to file a claim, a claim form, and a list of contact offices for Ernst & Young, creators of this site. This list is an attempt by the SBA to "find the rightful owners of dormant accounts that were opened in Swiss banks prior to and during World War II." It is important in light of the recent news about the whereabouts of Holocaust victims' assets (discussed in the May 16, 1997 Scout Report).

1997-01-01

318

Water Bank Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Water Bank Program provides incentive payments to landowners and operators for conserving waters, preserving or improving migratory waterfowl habitat and other wildlife resources. The program will help in reducing the loss of wetlands in the Nation. T...

1972-01-01

319

Milk Banking in California  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Milk Banking in California Presented by: Jan Otey, Examiner II ... Page 2. California Health & Safety Code §1635 – 1644.5 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

320

Towards end-to-end security in branchless banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile-based branchless banking has become one of the key mechanisms for extending financial services to low-income populations in the world's developing regions. One shortcoming of today's branchless banking systems is that they rely largely on network-layer services for securing transactions and do not implement any application-layer security. Recent results show that several of these systems are, in fact, not end-to-end

Saurabh Panjwani

2011-01-01

321

An integrated framework for eChain bank accounting systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The eChain type of bank accounting information system (eCBAS) is proposed to facilitate standard business document electronic exchanges between banks, central factories, and their satellite vendors in the virtual world. This framework integrates various software applications, running on a variety of platforms and\\/or frameworks facilitating the electronic exchange of standard business documents. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Instead of scrapping legacy

Fengyi Lin; Olivia R. L. Sheng; Soushan Wu

2005-01-01

322

Our World Their World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Build, create, make, blog, develop, organize, structure, perform. These are just a few verbs that illustrate the visual world. These words create images that allow students to respond to their environment. Visual culture studies recognize the predominance of visual forms of media, communication, and information in the postmodern world. This…

Brisco, Nicole

2011-01-01

323

Our World Their World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Build, create, make, blog, develop, organize, structure, perform. These are just a few verbs that illustrate the visual world. These words create images that allow students to respond to their environment. Visual culture studies recognize the predominance of visual forms of media, communication, and information in the postmodern world. This…

Brisco, Nicole

2011-01-01

324

Emissions Trading: Technical/Scientific Requirements.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the institutional, scientific, and technical issues in the Environmental Protection Agency regulatory reform proposal for rulemaking entitled: 'Emissions Trading Policy Statement: General Principles for the Creation, Banking, and Use o...

G. L. Brady

1982-01-01

325

Tissue banking training courses: Polish experience.  

PubMed

Personnel directly involved in the donation, procurement, testing, processing, preservation, storage and distribution of human tissues and cells should be appropriately qualified and provided with timely and relevant training according to EU directives. In the time of new tissue and cells regulations implementation such a training system existed in Poland only at a local level. The first training programme outlines for various groups of health professionals engaged in tissue banking practice was created in co-operation with the Institute for LifeLong Learning at University of Barcelona in 2006. This initial training courses were financially supported by EU Transition Facility Programme 2004. Then, starting from 2006, based on previous experience, system of advanced training courses was created. This training programme was financially supported by the National Programme for the Development of Transplantation Medicine 2006-2009-POLGRAFT financed by Polish Ministry of Health. During 2006 and 2007 first set of tissue banking initial training courses were provided according to TF 2004 project. Over 200 pathologists, forensic medicine specialists and other medical doctors responsible for donor screening and classification, medical directors of tissue establishments, technical staff; tissue graft users: orthopaedic surgeons, neurosurgeons, cardiosurgeons and ophthalmologists were trained. Between 2006 and 2009 there were organized 8 advanced tissue banking training courses according to POLGRAFT programme. There were organized both theoretical and practical courses on various aspects of tissue for over 350 persons. We present our experience in organisation of international and national tissue banking training courses. PMID:22318653

Kaminski, Artur; Gut, Grzegorz; Uhrynowska-Tyszkiewicz, Izabela; Olender, Ewa

2012-02-09

326

Ownership and technical efficiency of microfinance institutions: Empirical evidence from Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

â–º We examine technical efficiency of microfinance institutions in Latin America. â–º We tested whether ownership type determines differences in technical efficiency. â–º Non-governmental organizations and cooperatives have low technical efficiency. â–º Inter- and intrafirm efficiencies of banks and non-bank institutions is high.

Roselia Servin; Robert Lensink; Marrit van den Berg

2012-01-01

327

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume III. Technical Papers on the Future of the Food Service Industry. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third and final volume of a study on the future of the food service industry contains the technical papers on which the information in the previous two volumes was based. The papers were written by various members of the Pennsylvania State University departments of economics, food science, nutrition, social psychology, and engineering and by…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

328

Forecasting the Future Food Service World of Work. Final Report. Volume III. Technical Papers on the Future of the Food Service Industry. Service Management Reports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This third and final volume of a study on the future of the food service industry contains the technical papers on which the information in the previous two volumes was based. The papers were written by various members of the Pennsylvania State University departments of economics, food science, nutrition, social psychology, and engineering and by…

Powers, Thomas F., Ed.; Swinton, John R., Ed.

329

Bank Governance Contracts: Establishing Goals and Accountability in Bank Restructuring.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper provides a comprehensive annotated model contract to assist policy makers and ban regulators, owners and managers in their efforts to impose discipline on troubled banks. The consequent improvements in these banks should improve the efficient a...

R. P. Roulier

1995-01-01

330

Statistical methods in analysing health inequalities among the world citizens  

Microsoft Academic Search

While many international and national institutions world over, such as, World Health Organisation (WHO), the World Bank and national\\/ state health institutions, strive to promote health, prevent and control disease, formulate policies, programmes and evaluate interventions, and mobilise resources, all of these with an ultimate aim to prolong life of the world citizens as well as increase access to health

W. Claster

331

31 CFR 103.187 - Special measures against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank. 103.187 Section 103.187...against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank. (a) Definitions. For purposes...or in any jurisdiction. (4) Asia Wealth Bank means all headquarters,...

2010-07-01

332

31 CFR 103.187 - Special measures against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank. 103.187 Section 103.187...against Myanmar Mayflower Bank and Asia Wealth Bank. (a) Definitions. For purposes...or in any jurisdiction. (4) Asia Wealth Bank means all headquarters,...

2009-07-01

333

Nuclear Plant Data Bank  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Plant Data Bank (NPDB) is being developed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to assist analysts in the rapid and accurate creation of input decks for reactor transient analysis. The NPDB will reduce the time and cost of the creation or modification of a typical input deck. This data bank will be an invaluable tool in the timely investigation of recent and ongoing nuclear reactor safety analysis. This paper discusses the status and plans for the NPDB development and describes its anticipated structure and capabilities.

Booker, C.P.; Turner, M.R.; Spore, J.W.

1986-01-01

334

Banking productivity: an overview of the Greek banking system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine the productivity of the Greek banking sector for the time period 2004-2006. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Standard ratio measures of bank financial performance have been used as output measures in a data envelopment analysis model in combination with efficiency ratios’ analysis. Findings – The Greek banking efficiency remains relatively constant throughout the

Prodromos D. Chatzoglou; Anastasios D. Diamantidis; Eftichia Vraimaki; Elena Polychrou; Kyriakos Chatzitheodorou

2010-01-01

335

SoftBank II 22  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... SoftBank II 22. Applicant: Soft Computer Consultants, Inc. 510(k) number: BK020021. Product: SoftBank II 22. Date: 09/11/2002. -. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

336

BANKING, RISK AND FINANCIAL MARKETS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the question of financial risk in the relation between the banks and the firms: a problem of great significance for Euroland, a recent monetary union largely dominated by banking (\\

Pasquale Lucio Scandizzo

337

Banks in industrial networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Banks are important institutions by reason of their role as intermediaries between the holders of surplus capital and those in need of financial resources. They are therefore often mentioned as vital nodes in modern economies, with substantial power positions in relation to their clients. In recent years deregulation and the development of information technology have prompted several observers to conclude

Lars Engwall; Jan Johanson

1990-01-01

338

Pasture seed banks  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In our surveys of northeastern pastures, we found the equivalent of more than 8 million seeds per acre in the surface soil (the top four inches) from the seed bank study. These seeds came from 58 species of plants. The annual forbs (all broadleaf plants with the exception of legumes and trees) domin...

339

Personalized Electronic Banking Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalization is without a doubt a promising area that might be able to answer some of the burning questions that Internet banking must deal with today and even more in the days to come. The possibilities of personalization are not yet fully utilized, nor is there sufficient hands-on experience or research-based knowledge about the most advanced ideas of how to

Mika Hiltunen; Leo Heng; Linda Helgesen

340

Snow Bank Detectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the city where the authors live, located on the shore of Lake Ontario, children have ample opportunity to interact with snow. Water vapor rising from the relatively warm lake surface produces tremendous "lake effect" snowfalls when frigid winter winds blow. Snow piles along roadways after each passing storm, creating impressive snow banks.…

Olson, Eric A.; Rule, Audrey C.; Dehm, Janet

2005-01-01

341

Blood Bank Inventory Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Essentially, blood banks are facilities which procure, store, process, and dispense blood. To operate effectively in the face of both random supply and random demand, sizable buffer stocks of blood are maintained. The resulting inventory control problem is an extremely complex one for several reasons: (1) both supply and demand are random; (2) approximately 50 percent of all bloods demanded,

John B. Jennings

1973-01-01

342

National Trade Data Bank  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

National Trade Data Bank, U. S. Department of Commerce: Over 300,000 documents which include over 130 information programs from over 20 federal sources such as the Department's Foreign Trader's Index, the Export Yellow Pages, the Trade Opportunities Program, and Market Research Reports.

343

Risk Management Strategies for Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze optimal risk management strategies of a bank financed with deposits and equity in a one period model. The bank's motivation for risk management comes from deposits which can lead to bank runs. In the event of such a run, liquidation costs arise. The hedging strategy that maximizes the value of equity is derived. We identify conditions under which

Wolfgang Bauer; Marc Ryser

2002-01-01

344

Commitment and Equilibrium Bank Runs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the role of commitment in a version of the Diamond and Dybvig (JPE, 1983) model with no aggregate uncertainty. As is well known, the banking authority can eliminate the possibility of a bank run by committing to suspend payments to depositors if a run were to start. We show, however, that in an environment without commitment, the banking

Huberto M. Ennis; Todd Keister

2008-01-01

345

Banks' Corporate Governance and Merger  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to explore what corporate governance characteristics are associated with mergers in the banking industry, the sample of publicly traded banks in different countries between 2005 and 2007 and a variety of empirical methods are used in this paper. By introducing matched sample comparison, univariate comparison and multivariate comparison, the differences between the sample banks that do and do

Junxun Dai

2009-01-01

346

Bank Regulation, Compliance and Enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is presented where the question of bank regulation is developed under a principal-agent scenario in a regime where the regulator has limited resources and banks may have an incentive to act ultra virus the regulatory standards. If banks are subject to random audit, then compliance is achieved through a system of fines determined according to the extent of

Rupinder Singh

2000-01-01

347

On the uniqueness of community banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

To the public, all banks seem alike. But banking insiders make important distinctions between community banks and all other banks. Policymakers worry that community banks’ unique characteristics threaten their survival in the face of industry consolidation. However, despite dramatic regulatory and technological changes in the industry in the past two decades, community banks have not only survived but often prospered.

Scott E. Hein; Timothy W. Koch; S. Scott MacDonald

2005-01-01

348

The Informative Contents of Bank Debt Concentration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the concentration of corporate bank debt. In an economy with asymmetric information, we show that the bank debt concentration with a main bank possessing informational monopoly is a reliable signal of the firm's quality for the secondary banks. Precisely, the firm's choice of the parts lent by the main bank and the secondary banks allows use

Frederic Lobez; Jean-Christophe Statnik

2003-01-01

349

Green Bank Telescope and the Millimeter Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is engaged in two major new telescope projects. Each requires technological advances to meet the scientific requirements. The Green Bank Telescope is a fully steerable 100 m diameter filled aperture telescope for operation over the frequency range 300 MHz to 100 GHz. The Millimeter Array is a forty element interferometer of 8 m diameter antennas, with a goal of using 10 m or even 12 m antennas, for operation over the frequency range 30 - 850 GHz. The technical features being used to achieve the performance specifications are presented together with examples of the science that calls for these specifications. The current status of each project is also discussed.

Vanden Bout, Paul A.

1998-07-01

350

Risk exposure during the global financial crisis: the case of Islamic banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the way Islamic financial institutions dealt with the recent financial problems in terms of risk management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In total, 27 Islamic banks and the same number of conventional banks selected from a wide range of countries around the world were analyzed. The capital ratios, based on the Basel Committee,

Abdelaziz Chazi; Lateef A. M. Syed

2010-01-01

351

Does the Future of the Indian Public Sector Banks lie in Mergers and Acquisitions?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future Indian banking industry structure will undergo some basic changes in respect of overall growth capability, risk management potential and competitive pressures. These changes, taken together, will imply an enhanced complexity in the banking industry structure and performance. In the medium and long run the Indian economy is expected to become a Global player with significant presence in World

Indrajit Mallick

2004-01-01

352

The Implications of WTO and GATS for the Banking Sector in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we assess the implications of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) for the banking sector in African signatory countries. With emphasis on the free trade element, we first review the relevant provisions of the GATS for banking services and the main exemptions held by African countries. We then analyse

Victor Murinde; Cillian Ryan

2003-01-01

353

The Determinants of Multinational Banking during the First Globalization, 1870-1914  

Microsoft Academic Search

What determined the multinational expansion of European banks in the pre1914 era of globalization? And how were banks’ foreign investments related to other facets of the globalizing world economy such as trade and capital flows? The paper reviews both the contemporary and historical literature, and empirically investigates these issues by using an original panel data based on a sample of

Stefano Battilossi

2005-01-01

354

On Determinants of User Acceptance of Internet Banking: A Theoretical Framework and Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet banking is a hot financial field all over the world these days. According to the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT), performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and social influence are believed to be fundamental in determining the acceptance of various information technologies. In the context of Internet banking, however, these beliefs may not fully explain user's adoption

Dong Cheng; Gang Liu; Cheng Qian

2008-01-01

355

A global analysis of culture and imperfect competition in banking systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high concentration of the banking sector is a cross-border phenomenon that has a strong impact on local and global economies. The primary goal of this paper is to analyse the factors that affect concentration in banking systems around the world. The innovation of this paper is that it combines economic, 'economic environment' and cultural variables as explanatory factors in

Miki Malul; Amir Shoham

2008-01-01

356

The Impact of Bank Regulations, Concentration, and Institutions on Bank Margins  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of bank regulations, concentration, inflation, and national institutions on bank net interest margins using data from over 1,400 banks across 72 countries while controlling for bank-specific characteristics. The data indicate that tighter regulations on bank entry and bank activities boost net interest margins. Inflation also exerts a robust, positive impact on bank margins. While concentration

Luc Laeven; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

357

Banking relationships and access to equity capital markets: Evidence from Japan’s main bank system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the role of banking relationships in IPO underwriting. When a firm in Japan goes public, it can engage an investment bank that is related through a common main bank, or can select an alternative investment bank. The main bank relationship can be an efficient way for the investment bank to acquire information generated by the main bank, but

Kenji Kutsuna; Janet Kiholm Smith; Richard L. Smith

2007-01-01

358

Nationwide branch banking and the presence of large banks in rural areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relaxation of government restrictions on multi- office banking (interstate banking and branching by banks) in recent years has facilitated substantial consolidation of the banking industry in the United States. In this article, R. Alton Gilbert examines the impact of this consolidation on the presence of large banking organizations in rural banking markets. Changes in the presence of large banking organizations

R. Alton Gilbert

2000-01-01

359

Technical writing by distance: Refocusing the pedagogy of technical communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advancing technology, demands for cost control, and world?wide expansion in distance education programs challenge technical communication teachers to find ways of delivering quality technical writing courses by distance. One distance platform, described here, is working successfully at Texas A&M University. Examining, applying, and testing existing distance theory in developing distance versions of technical writing courses is an emerging research field

Elizabeth Tebeaux

1995-01-01

360

Cheap food and feeding the world sustainably  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feeding the world requires local, national and global solutions in view of the expected world population of 10 billion by 2050. Sustainability must characterize the socio-economic infrastructures as well the scientific and technical components. Today almost half the world population lives on two dollars a day or less and although poor, most are not hungry. WTO objectives for world trade

John Hodges

2005-01-01

361

GenBank.  

PubMed

The GenBank nucleotide sequence database now contains sequence data and associated annotation corresponding to 85,000,000 nucleotides in 67,000 entries from a total of 3,000 organisms. The input stream of data coming into the database is primarily as direct submissions from the scientific community on electronic media, with little or no data being keyboarded from the printed page by the databank staff. The data are maintained in a relational database management system and are made available in flatfile form through on-line access, and through various network and off-line computer-readable media. The data are also distributed in relational form through satellite copies at a number of institutions in the U.S. and elsewhere. In addition, GenBank provides the U.S. distribution center for the BIOSCI electronic bulletin board service. PMID:1598235

Burks, C; Cinkosky, M J; Fischer, W M; Gilna, P; Hayden, J E; Keen, G M; Kelly, M; Kristofferson, D; Lawrence, J

1992-05-11

362

Commercial Banks and Microfinance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the past 30 years, microfinance has proven to be a viable solution for the alleviation of poverty through international organizations, voluntary work and donations. Today, the challenge facing microfinance institutions is self-sufficiency. Consequently, the integration of microfinance with commercial banks will provide the necessary scale and outreach in making microfinance a self-sufficient and thus long-term solution for the alleviation

Zeynep Ugur

2006-01-01

363

The Green Bank Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is located in the small town of Green Bank in eastern West Virginia. The site is the home to many historical artifacts and is itself a part of the culture of radio astronomy as well as a significant player in current radio astronomy research. Photographs of the site will supplement a verbal description of the on-site activities and tools.

Sullivan, James

2000-05-01

364

Corporate social responsibility activity reportage on bank websites in Ghana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has witnessed a resurgence in the management literature in recent years. This might be due to a renewed focus on corporate governance and ethical practices of companies the world over. This current study seeks to focus on how banks operating in Ghana communicate their CSR programmes and intentions via their corporate

Robert Hinson; Richard Boateng; Nnamdi Madichie

2010-01-01

365

Research on the banking organizational operation crisis management in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial problems are not only a significant research topic in the field of crisis management, but they also influence people's daily life and the operation of enterprises. To the great extent, finance crisis severely affects social stability and economic development and has a profound negative influence over the entire world. At present, China's banking industry has come to a critical

Ping He; Ang Liu

2011-01-01

366

WHAT EXPLAINS DIFFERENCES IN THE EFFICIENCY OF NONCOMMERCIAL BANK FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES? EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM MALAYSIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the performance of Malaysian Non-Commercial Bank Financial Institutions (NCBFIs) during the period of 2000 to 2004. The efficiency estimates of individual NCBFIs are evaluated using the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method. The method allows us to distinguish individual NCBFIs technical efficiency (TE) along with its mutually exhaustive components of pure technical efficiency (PTE), and scale efficiency

Fadzlan Sufian

2007-01-01

367

Sustainable Development and the Role of the Financial World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incapacity to finance sustainable development through philanthropic official assistance turned the Johannesburg Summit to business world and the financial industry. Pioneering financial institutions – including development banks and private banks – have developed a wide range of innovations that can support sustainable development. This article highlights a few innovative products and markets and focuses on the progress made by

Herwig Peeters

2003-01-01

368

12 CFR 615.5452 - Law governing rights and obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...obligations of Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation; rights...person against Federal Reserve Banks, Farm Credit banks, and Funding Corporation. 615...615.5452 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT...

2013-01-01

369

PDBe: Protein Data Bank in Europe.  

PubMed

The Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe) (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/pdbe/) is actively working with its Worldwide Protein Data Bank partners to enhance the quality and consistency of the international archive of bio-macromolecular structure data, the Protein Data Bank (PDB). PDBe also works closely with its collaborators at the European Bioinformatics Institute and the scientific community around the world to enhance its databases and services by adding curated and actively maintained derived data to the existing structural data in the PDB. We have developed a new database infrastructure based on the remediated PDB archive data and a specially designed database for storing information on interactions between proteins and bound molecules. The group has developed new services that allow users to carry out simple textual queries or more complex 3D structure-based queries. The newly designed 'PDBeView Atlas pages' provide an overview of an individual PDB entry in a user-friendly layout and serve as a starting point to further explore the information available in the PDBe database. PDBe's active involvement with the X-ray crystallography, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy and cryo-Electron Microscopy communities have resulted in improved tools for structure deposition and analysis. PMID:19858099

Velankar, S; Best, C; Beuth, B; Boutselakis, C H; Cobley, N; Sousa Da Silva, A W; Dimitropoulos, D; Golovin, A; Hirshberg, M; John, M; Krissinel, E B; Newman, R; Oldfield, T; Pajon, A; Penkett, C J; Pineda-Castillo, J; Sahni, G; Sen, S; Slowley, R; Suarez-Uruena, A; Swaminathan, J; van Ginkel, G; Vranken, W F; Henrick, K; Kleywegt, G J

2009-10-25

370

The Anatomy of Banking Crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a Binary Classification Tree (BCT) model to analyze banking crises in 50 emerging market and developing countries during 1990-2005. The BCT identifies key indicators and their threshold values at which vulnerability to banking crisis increases. The three conditions identified as crisis-prone-(i) very high inflation, (ii) highly dollarized bank deposits combined with nominal depreciation or low liquidity, and

Paul Cashin; Rupa Duttagupta

2008-01-01

371

Bank stability, transparency and the safety net  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using bank-level data for over 500 banks in 32 different countries over the years 1994-2000, we relate the likelihood of a severe banking problem - as indicated by a dramatic decline in a bank's stock price - to both the existence of a deposit insurance scheme and to bank transparency. The new approach presented to address the issue also controls

Erlend W. Nier

372

Electronic Banking in Bulgaria – State and Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this publication is making analyses and evaluation of the current situation of the electronic banking, offered by the commercial banks in Bulgaria, and to draw the perspectives of its future development. A detailed inquiry was made of the basic forms of the electronic banking – telephone, PC-, Internet and GSM-banking, offered by the commercial banks. The distribution

Silvia Parusheva

2005-01-01

373

Banks and Corporate Control in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a large sample of Japanese firm level data, we find that Japanese banks act primarily in the short term interests of creditors when dealing with firms outside bank groups. Corporate control mechanisms other than bank oversight appear necessary in these firms. When dealing with firms in bank groups, banks may act in the broader interests of a range of

Randall Morck; Masao Nakamura

1999-01-01

374

Bank Governance, Regulation, and Risk Taking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper conducts the first empirical assessment of theories concerning relationships among risk taking by banks, their ownership structures, and national bank regulations. We focus on conflicts between bank managers and owners over risk, and show that bank risk taking varies positively with the comparative power of shareholders within the corporate governance structure of each bank. Moreover, we show that

Luc Laeven; Ross Levine

2008-01-01

375

Swiss Banking: Reserve Fund and Regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall purpose of my Richter project is to explore the relationship between Switzerland?s banking regulation, focusing on the roles of the Swiss Federal Banking Commission, the government financial regulator, and the Swiss Banking Association, the banks? self-regulatory organization. Specifically, I aimed to uncover how the Swiss banking system maintains its depositor confidence despite lacking any formal government insurance, such

Jonathan Brogaard

2005-01-01

376

The Political Science of Regulating Bank Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

The leading edge issue in banking law today is-or ought to be-bank risk. Every issue in banking law, whether it be bank failure policy, entry restrictions, geographic restrictions on the location of branches, product market restrictions on the scope of bank activities, minimum capital requirements or lending limits, was, at least ostensibly, promulgated in order to mitigate the problem of

Jonathan R Macey

1989-01-01

377

Assessment of Catalysts for Control of NOx from Stationary Power Plants. Phase 1, Volume II -- Data Bank Citation Indices.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume is comprised of three computer printouts representing three indices of the 'Catalytic NOx Abatement Data Bank' developed for the 'Technical and Economic Assessment of Catalysts for Control of NOx from Stationary Power Plants' Program. The data...

E. P. Koutsoukos J. L. Blumenthal M. Ghassemi G. Bauerle

1975-01-01

378

76 FR 59396 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Inc., and thereby indirectly retain control of Bank of Odessa, both in Odessa, Missouri, Commercial Bank of Oak Grove, Oak Grove, Missouri, and LaMonte Community Bank, LaMonte, Missouri. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve...

2011-09-26

379

77 FR 65382 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Jill M. Frei Trust, Wagner, South Dakota, (Security National Bank of South...acquire voting shares of Commercial State Bank of Wagner, both in Wagner, South Dakota. B. Federal Reserve Bank of...

2012-10-26

380

78 FR 21367 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RESERVE SYSTEM Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares...applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j...Inc., and thereby indirectly control IAB Financial Bank, both of Fort Wayne,...

2013-04-10

381

77 FR 46762 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corp., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of The Middlefield Banking Company, both in Middlefield, Ohio, and Emerald Bank, Dublin; Ohio. B. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (Chapelle Davis, Assistant Vice President) 1000 Peachtree...

2012-08-06

382

78 FR 53457 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...voting shares of Firstsecure Bank and Trust Company, Palos Hills, Illinois. C. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City (Dennis Denney...Yukon, Oklahoma; and Tammy Key, Sulphur, Oklahoma, as shareholders...retain voting shares of Vision Bank, National Association,...

2013-08-29

383

78 FR 18340 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...both of Huron, South Dakota; and American Bank & Trust, Wessington Springs...of Trusts, to retain or acquire voting shares of Leackco Bank Holding Company...retain and acquire voting shares of American Bank & Trust, Wessington...

2013-03-26

384

Australian Item Bank Program: Social Science Item Bank.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After vigorous review, editing, and trial testing, this item bank was compiled to help secondary school teachers construct objective tests in the social sciences. Anthropology, economics, ethnic and cultural studies, geography, history, legal studies, politics, and sociology are among the topics represented. The bank consists of multiple choice…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

385

Effects of Bank Consolidation on the Bank Insurance Fraud.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Consolidation in the banking industry has increased at record levels during recent years. At year-end 1990, the 25 largest banking organizations held approximately 22 percent of industry assets; by year-end 1998, this figure had increased by more than two...

R. Oshinsky

1999-01-01

386

Bank Money Shields: Workplaced Victimisation, Moral Dilemmas and Crisis in the Bank Profession  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the experience of Brazilian bank employees who have been victims of armed robberies and related crimes such as bank robbery and extortion-related kidnapping. The research is based on 42 interviews with bank employees (18) and their spouses (3), bank security officers (7), bank health officers (6), employee union representatives (5), a bank representative (1), a journalist (1)

Eduardo Paes-Machado; Ana Márcia Nascimento

2006-01-01

387

On the compensation implications of commercial bank entry into investment banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

We provide evidence regarding the extent to which commercial banking organizations that have entered investment banking have adopted pay-performance compensation systems that are like those used by investment banks. We find that pay-performance sensitivities for these banks once they begin securities underwriting are very similar to the sensitivities for commercial banks that have chosen not to enter investment banking. We

L. Paige Fields; Donald R. Fraser

1999-01-01

388

The impact of bank regulations, supervision, market structure, and bank characteristics on individual bank ratings: A cross-country analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use country level data and bank level data from 71 countries and 857 banks to investigate the impact of bank regulations,\\u000a supervision, market structure, and bank characteristics on individual bank ratings. The results indicate that less cost efficient\\u000a banks, with higher than average levels of provisions relatively to their income, and lower liquidity tend to have lower ratings.\\u000a Larger

Fotios Pasiouras; Chrysovalantis Gaganis; Constantin Zopounidis

2006-01-01

389

The Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Green Bank Telescope The 100-m NRAO Green Bank Telescope will be completed in early 2000. The GBT has a large number of unique design and performance features that will give it unprecedented scientific capability. This poster display will review those features, which include an offset feed (clear aperture) design, an active surface, a closed-loop laser metrology system for surface figure and pointing control, broad frequency coverage from 100 MHz to 115 GHz, a versatile receiver selection mechanism, and a new multi-input, 256k-channel autocorrelation spectrometer. The status of the project, the commissioning schedule, plans for early operations, the initial instrumentation suite, and plans for future instrumentation will be reviewed. Scientific areas for which the GBT will have a large impact will be discussed, including observations of young galaxies at extreme redshifts, pulsars, HI and molecular spectroscopy, VLBI work, and millimeter-wave spectroscopy and continuum studies. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation, operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

Jewell, P. R.

1999-12-01

390

THE EFFICIENCY OF MERCHANT BANKS AND FINANCE COMPANIES IN AN EMERGING MARKET: DETERMINANTS AND POLICY ISSUES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to investigate ef?ciency changes of Malaysian Non-Bank Financial Institutions (NBFIs), during the period of 2000-2004, by applying the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) method which allows us to distinguish between three different types of ef?ciency, such as technical, pure technical and scale ef?ciencies. We have found that the mean overall or technical ef?ciency has been 78.1% and

FADZLAN SUFIAN; MUHD-ZULKHIBRI ABDUL MAJID

2007-01-01

391

11 CFR 100.142 - Bank loans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Expenditures § 100.142 Bank loans. (a) General...political committee by a State bank, a federally chartered...including a national bank) or a depository...the usual and customary interest rate of the lending...

2012-01-01

392

77 FR 65999 - Assessments, Large Bank Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...large banks \\3\\ and created two scorecards, one for highly complex banks and another for all other large banks, that combine CAMELS ratings and certain forward-looking financial ratios. The scorecards calculate a total score for each...

2012-10-31

393

75 FR 73983 - Assessments, Large Bank Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RIN 3064-AD66 Assessments, Large Bank Pricing AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation...2010, regarding Assessments, Large Bank Pricing. This correction clarifies that the comment period for the Assessments, Large Bank Pricing ends January 3, 2011. FOR FURTHER...

2010-11-30

394

12 CFR 2.5 - Bank compensation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...an affiliate operating under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, 12...shareholders, provided that the bank receives reasonable compensation...20 percent of the affiliate's net income attributable to the bank's credit life insurance...

2013-01-01

395

Legal Aspects of Tissue Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

There exists no clear national or international consensus in key issues of tissue banking. This holds especially true for the fundamental concept of informed consent. During recent years, the harmonization of norms needed for international collaboration has made crucial progress solely in Europe, namely through legal framing. The norms relating to tissue banking are, however, under permanent construction not only

Ulrich M. Gassner

2007-01-01

396

Communication Skills for Banking Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The communications skills course was developed for bank employees who are non-native speakers of English, to assist them in improving their English and knowledge of the American workplace culture and to increase productivity. It consists of three instructional levels. Topics covered in level 1 reflect concerns of bank managers about basic…

Fairfax County Public Schools, Falls Church, VA. Office of Adult and Community Education.

397

Fast electronically tunable filter bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows a new electronically tunable filter bank. The main characteristics are: wide frequency range, 6 to 18GHz, compact size and fast response within the temperature range of -40° C to 75° C. To achieve these objectives the filter bank is built using HMIC and MMIC technology. The purpose of the system is to act as a fast tunable

M. S. Ruiperez; Daniel Amor; J. Gonzalez; J. I. Alonso

2005-01-01

398

Filter banks in digital communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital signal processing has played a key role in the development of telecommunication systems over the last two decades. In recent years digital filter banks have been occupying an increasingly important role in both wireless and wireline communication systems. In this paper we review some of these applications of filter banks with special emphasis on discrete multitone modulation which has

P. P. Vaidyanathan

2001-01-01

399

Precommitment by central bank independence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper addresses the issue of central bank independence. The central argument is that government can precommit to the objective of price stability by providing a constitutional status of independence to the central bank. A sufficient set of institutional elements and the problem of incentive compatibility are discussed. It is argued that the solution is superior to a constitutional money

Manfred J. M. Neumann

1991-01-01

400

How transparent are central banks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central bank transparency has become the topic of a lively public and academic debate on monetary policy. However, this has been complicated by the fact that transparency is a qualitative concept that is hard to measure. This paper proposes an index for the transparency of monetary policy that comprises the political, economic, procedural, policy and operational aspects of central banking.

Sylvester C. W. Eijffinger; Petra M. Geraats

2006-01-01

401

Why do central banks intervene?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intervention by central banks, in terms of buying and selling foreign currency, has been a major activity in recent years. This paper investigates the motivations for such policy and the evidence for its effectiveness. We use high quality daily data on the dollar amounts of intervention by the central banks of the US and Germany. We also use information on

William P. Osterberg

1997-01-01

402

Regulating the Shadow Banking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shadow banking system played a major role in the recent financial crisis but remains largely unregulated. We propose principles for its regulation and describe a specific proposal to implement those principles. We document how the rise of shadow banking was helped by regulatory and legal changes that gave advantages to three main institutions: money-market mutual funds (MMMFs) to capture

Gary Gorton; Andrew Metrick

2011-01-01

403

Regulating the Shadow Banking System  

Microsoft Academic Search

:The shadow banking system played a major role in the recent financial crisis but remains largely unregulated. We propose principles for its regulation and describe a specific proposal to implement those principles. We document how the rise of shadow banking was helped by regulatory and legal changes that gave advantages to three main institutions: money-market mutual funds (MMMFs) to capture

Gary Gorton; Andrew Metrick

2011-01-01

404

Needs assessment in depth: Professional training at Wells Fargo Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Assessment of Technical Credit Skills project at Wells Fargo Bank employed a three-phase needs assessment approach that\\u000a began at the corporate level and ended with job-relevant assessment of individual employees’ skills. This program was developed\\u000a to identify and assess the lending skills and knowledge that Wells Fargo loan officers require for successful job performance.\\u000a Tests were designed based on

Ann Deden-Parker

1980-01-01

405

Securing the banking ecosystem: A quantum leap? Italian open panel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ernesto Damiani (Professor of Service Security at the Dept. of Information Technology, University of Milan) and Claudio Santacesaria (Rototype) have promoted a non-profit initiative to deal with technical aspects of the banking ecosystem security. The kick off takes place at Campione d???Italia in the location of 2012 IEEE DEST-CEE Conference on the afternoon of June 18th with an open panel.

Ernesto Damiani; Claudio Santacesaria; Raoul Chiesa; Giorgio Fedon; Marco Tempra; Mario Monitillo

2012-01-01

406

Ectopic banking of amputated parts: a clinical review.  

PubMed

Since its first clinical description by Marco Godina in 1986, the technique of temporary ectopic banking of amputated parts has been employed in a growing body of reported cases. This installment provides a review of the reported cases in the international literature to date, focusing on our evolving understanding of clinical indications, operative timing, and surgical technical consideration. Two illustrative cases are provided to highlight these concepts. PMID:22036286

Higgins, James P

2011-11-01

407

Durability of optically variable devices on bank notes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Currency producers are facing dual marketplace demands to increase bank note circulation life and to employ increasingly effective security features against counterfeiting. Diffractive optically variable devices such as foil patches, stripes and windowed thread have become popular security features used for bank notes throughout the world, but historically have suffered in their ability to match the durability of the bank note substrate itself. A study to find a durable, diffractive OVD led to the development of a windowed-thread feature designed to pass stringent durability criteria for laundry, chemical soak and other performance tests. Diffractive-film production methods, demetallization techniques, thread construction and applied coatings were key factors in achieving this durability.

Bartz, William J.

2002-04-01

408

Large data bank improves crude physical property correlations  

SciTech Connect

New empirical correlations, based on a large data bank, estimate crude oil physical properties better than previously published industry-standard correlations. The new correlations are for: oil formation volume factor, solution GOR, bubble point pressure, viscosity of gas-free oil, viscosity of gas-saturated oil, viscosity of undersaturated oil, isothermal compressibility of saturated oil, gas gravity correction factor, and conversion factor for changing flash oil formation volume factor to the differential oil formation volume factor. These correlations are a function of such field-measurable parameters as temperature, pressure, separated gas gravity, and tank oil gravity. They were developed from a large data bank covering a broad range of the world's oil. In addition, another data bank of published data verified the correlations.

Kartoatmodjo, T. (Petamina, Jakarta (Indonesia)); Schmidt, Z. (Univ. of Tulsa, OK (United States))

1994-07-04

409

Telomeres and seed banks.  

PubMed

We have found that a progressive loss of telomeric sequences occurs from high molecular weight DNA with an increasing appearance at low molecular weight as the periods of storage in the dry state were extended in time to provide seed germination loss from 98 to 0%. Telomere distribution would appear to follow the general pattern of DNA random fragmentation that occurs in the embryos of seeds stored in the dry state, but there are also indications of an overall telomere loss from DNA as a consequence of storage. There is a need for a convenient "equality marker" for the seeds that can be monitored over time. Reviewing the implications of our results very carefully we believe that there is considerable potential in the use of telomere sequences to mark embryo ageing of seeds held in Seed Banks. PMID:17427414

Boubriak, I; Pouschuk, V; Grodzinsky, A; Osborne, Daphne J

410

Consolidation and efficiency: Evidence from non-bank financial institutions in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the efficiency changes of finance and merchant banking institutions in Malaysia, during and post-consolidation periods by applying the non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The evidence suggests that pure technical efficiency is more related to overall efficiency than scale efficiency. On average, 28.7% of finance and merchant banking institutions are operating at CRS, while the majority are scale

Fadzlan Sufian; Muhamed Zulkhibri Abdul Majid

2007-01-01

411

Hydraulic design of Three Gorges right bank powerhouse turbine for improvement of hydraulic stability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents the hydraulic design of Three Gorges Right Bank Powerhouse turbine for improvement of hydraulic stability. The technical challenges faced in the hydraulic design of the turbine are given. The method of hydraulic design for improving the hydraulic stability and particularly for eliminating the upper part load pressure pulsations is clarified. The final hydraulic design results of Three Gorges Right Bank Powerhouse turbine based on modern hydraulic design techniques are presented.

Shi, Q.

2010-08-01

412

Instrument Development for the Green Bank Solar Radio Burst Spectrometer (GB/SRBS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Details of two on-going technical development projects for the Green Bank Solar Radio Burst Spectrometer (GB/SRBS) are presented. One is a high dynamic range active balun covering 20-350 MHz. The other is a log periodic array feed for the Green Bank 45-Foot radio telescope covering 300-3000 MHz. Basic design, fabrication, and evaluation information are included for both projects.

Bradley, R.; Parashare, C.; White, S. M.; Bastian, T. S.

2005-12-01

413

The adoption of virtual banking: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual banking is broadly defined in this paper as the provision of banking services via means other than traditional physical branches. Currently, virtual banking exists in the forms of ATM, phone banking, home banking and Internet banking. Understanding people’s adoption intention of virtual banking can help financial institutions to formulate appropriate marketing strategies for new forms of banking. Theory of

Shaoyi Liao; Yuan Pu Shao; Huaiqing Wang; Ada Chen

1999-01-01

414

A study on Attitude and Intention Towards Internet Banking With Reference to Malaysian Consumers in Klang Valley Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of online banking technology revolution in recent years, and speed of this development is extremely rapid. Online banking technology also spreads widely and influences deeply not only economic activities of business, households and governments but also various areas of people’s daily life. With the liberalization and internalization of financial markets, in terms of the entrance of the World

S. Arunkumar

2008-01-01

415

Monitoring Educational Performance in the Caribbean. World Bank Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study represents a first attempt at providing a comprehensive quantification of educational outcomes in the Caribbean region. Its main objectives are: (1) to define a set of operationally relevant education indicators; (2) to provide a database of comparable education indicators in Caribbean countries where data is available, namely Belize,…

di Gropello, Emanuela

416

Dealing with the Debt Crisis: A World Bank Symposium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings include the following: The extent and causes of the debt crisis of the 1980s; The external debt difficulties of low-income Africa; Dealing with debt: the 1930s and the 1980s; Fiscal adjustment and deficit financing during the debt crisis; ...

I. Husain I. Diwan

1989-01-01

417

Vietnam: Education Financing. A World Bank Country Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the system of education and training in Vietnam and poses the question: what changes in educational policies will ensure that students who pass through the system today will acquire the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed for Vietnam to successfully complete the transition from a planned to a market economy? The report…

World Bank, Washington, DC.

418

Trees, land, and labor. World Bank environment paper  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the results of a research study which investigated the establishment, management and clearance of woodlots by farmers in a densely populated area of Kenya. It analyzes the factors which influenced their decisions to plant or clear their woodlots and shows how these are primarily related to the family lifecycle and the agricultural input and product markets in which they operate.

Dewees, P.A.

1993-12-01

419

The World Bank's Education Sector Policy Paper: A Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This extended summary originally appeared in the September 1979 draft version of the Policy Paper. Several of the contributors to this issue of "Comparative Education" refer to this summary, and the original paragraph numbering has been retained for the convenience of readers. (Editor)

Haddad, Wadi D.

1981-01-01

420

The world bank's new environmental policy for dams and reservoirs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water development schemes are fraught with major environmental problems, especially in the tropics. However, where gains in conservation and use efficiency of energy and water have been substantial, then such schemes can often be more appropriate than alternatives, such as coal and nuclear. But this means that the environmental impacts of water development schemes must be prevented, mitigated or compensated

R. Goodland

1990-01-01

421

Poverty and Nutrition in Bolivia. A World Bank Country Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Bolivia, malnutrition afflicts about 25 percent of children under 3 and 12-24 percent of women. It contributes to high death rates, immune deficiency, learning disabilities, and low work productivity. Malnutrition and its effects are particularly severe among poor, rural, and indigenous populations. Malnutrition is both caused by and causes…

McGuire, Judith; Lopez, Cynthia

422

Nongovernmental Organizations and the World Bank: Cooperation for Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The book is a collection of papers on the role, potential, and limits of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in development. It combines a global review of what NGOs are and what they can do in the development process with an analysis of the experience o...

S. Paul A. Israel

1991-01-01

423

Banking on Immortality? Exploring the Stem Cell Supply Chain from Embryo to Therapeutic Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses a number of difficult and controversial issues surrounding the development of stem cell lines from embryonic stem cells derived from unused embryos during IVF treatment. The UK has recently established the world’s first Stem Cell Bank to be a repository for stem cell lines from the UK and elsewhere, and to make them available for use by

Peter Glasner

2005-01-01

424

An Empirical Study of Internet Usage, Online Shopping, and Online Banking Behavior of Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reviews the global trends in Internet access and concludes the rest of the world is rapidly catching up with the Western world. The study then shifts to the Turkish case and reports the findings of a survey conducted at a Turkish University that focused on Internet usage, online shopping and online banking. The results indicate that a large

Fahri Unsal; Nursel Ruzgar; Bahadtin Ruzgar

2008-01-01

425

12 CFR 614.4000 - Farm Credit Banks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Banks and Banking 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Farm Credit Banks. 614.4000 Section 614.4000 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LOAN POLICIES AND OPERATIONS Lending Authorities §...

2013-01-01

426

12 CFR 225.131 - Activities closely related to banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Activities closely related to banking. 225.131 Section 225.131 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM...REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations...Activities closely related to banking. (a) Bank...

2013-01-01

427

77 FR 17478 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company The notificants listed below have applied...acquire shares of a bank or bank holding company. The factors that are considered in acting...Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Sharon Bauman, Apple Valley, Minnesota; Virginia...

2012-03-26

428

78 FR 41929 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Inc., and indirectly acquire voting shares of Capital Bank, SSB, both in El Paso, Texas; Bank of the Rio Grande, Las Cruces, New Mexico; Mile High Banks, Longmont, Colorado; and First National Bank of Santa Fe, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Board...

2013-07-12

429

Multilateral Developments Banks: Profiles of Selected Multilateral Development Banks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Multilateral Development Banks (MDB) were established to provide financial support for projects and programs designed to promote social and economic progress in developing countries. Under the Fiscal Year 2001 Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Rel...

2001-01-01

430

US Banking in the Last Fifty Years: Growth and Adaptation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released in August 2002, this working paper from the Social Systems Research Institute at the University of Wisconsin provides a broad overview of the dramatic changes within the commercial banking sector of the United States during the past fifty years. Authored by Professor Emeritus Donald D. Hester of the University's economics department, the paper proceeds chronologically from the conclusion of World War II and provides some comparative insights between the banking situation of the 1920s in the United States with those of the past ten years. Throughout the work, Professor Hester focuses his attention on banking practices, portfolio composition, and the changing role of banks as financial intermediaries. In the course of his work, Professor Hester concludes that banks have been increasingly discarding their traditional mode of financing loans and investments with deposits they collect, instead becoming brokers who originate loans and then use securitization to lodge them with other investors who are likely to be less informed and correspondingly more vulnerable to losses.

Hester, Donald D.

2002-01-01

431

Convergence and Divergence in the European Financial Services Sector: The Pace of Diffusion of Banking Technologies and Regulations in European Financial Environments, and Strategic Behaviour of Incumbent Financial Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of technical change on European bank costs and profits between 1992 and 2000. The estimates suggest that technological change reduced the total costs of European banks at an average rate of 3.8% per annum. However, technical change reduced profits by 0.45% annually over the same period. As found in an earlier study by Altunbas et

Bert Flier; Henk W. Volberda

2003-01-01

432

The state of the world's bureaucracies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ranking countries is a popular exercise. Recently, we have seen attempts to internationally compare the performance of countries' public administrations. The number of available indicators and studies is increasing, yet their use has remained limited in the public administration research community. In this article, we critically analyse four of these studies and indicators. Evidence from the World Bank Governance Indicators,

Steven van de Walle

2006-01-01

433

12 CFR Appendix B to Part 225 - Capital Adequacy Guidelines for Bank Holding Companies and State Member Banks: Leverage Measure  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Guidelines for Bank Holding Companies and State Member Banks: Leverage...member banks and bank holding companies. The Federal Reserve...contribute to an organization's profitability and overall financial strength...intangible assets. Bank Holding Companies While the Federal...

2010-01-01

434

A Delphi study of Internet banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation has brought down the boundaries of the banking industry, allowing new entrants and enabling a greater degree of competition. Into this scenario arrived the Internet – another radical technological innovation with the potential to change the structure and nature of banking. Many banks have adopted the Internet as a delivery channel (indeed, some banks have set up as Internet-only

Laura Bradley; Kate Stewart

2003-01-01

435

Determining settings for capacitor bank protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the electric power grid is pushed to its limits, efficiencies can be gained by properly using shunt capacitor banks. Protective relaying must be provided for these banks that will protect the system from abnormal conditions that could be caused by the capacitor bank as well as provide protection to the capacitor bank from abnormal conditions caused by system conditions

T. Smith

2010-01-01

436

Does an Independent Central Bank Violate Democracy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question of central bank independence is one of degree. A completely independent central bank is impossible as long as a country has provisions for altering central bank powers, even if that requires constitutional amendments. On the other hand, any central bank has at least some discretion in monetary policy is effectively determined by the currency board. In the United

David A. Levy

1998-01-01

437

Commercial property prices and bank performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We seek to assess the effect of commercial property price movements on the behaviour and performance of individual banks in a range of industrialised economies, extending the existing micro literature on bank performance. Our results suggest that commercial property prices tend to be positively associated with bank lending and profitability, and negatively associated with banks' net interest margin and bad

E. Philip Davis; Haibin Zhu

2005-01-01

438

Foreign banks: executive jobs for Turkish women?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the employment policies and practices of Turkish banks and how these practices affect the hiring and promotion of women. Turkey's banking sector consists of state-owned, private, and foreign banks. The overall restructuring of this sector along with the increase of foreign banks is an opportunity to enquire whether human resource

Oya Culpan; Toni Marzotto; Nazmi Demir

2007-01-01

439

Corporate governance and control in Russian banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Working Paper examines peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and

Andrei Vernikov

2007-01-01

440

Bank competition and ECB's monetary policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a model of oligopolistic competition in the banking sector, we analyse how the monetary policy rule chosen by the Central Bank can influence the incentive of banks to set high interest rates on loans over the business cycle. We exploit the basic model to investigate the potential impact of EMU implementation on collusion among banks. In particular, we consider

Fabio C. Bagliano; Alberto Dalmazzo; Giancarlo Marini

2000-01-01

441

Managing Confidence in Emerging Market Bank Runs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a rational-expectations framework, we model depositors' confidence as a function of the probability of future bank bailouts. We analyze the effect of alternative bank bailout policies on depositors' confidence in an emerging market setting, where liquidity shortages of banks are revealed sequentially and governments cannot credibly commit to bailing out all potentially distressed banks. Our findings suggest that allowing

Ashoka Mody; Se-Jik Kim

2005-01-01

442

Bank involvement with SMEs: Beyond relationship lending  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “conventional wisdom” in academic and policy circles argues that, while large and foreign banks are generally not interested in serving SMEs, small and niche banks have an advantage because they can overcome SME opaqueness through relationship lending. This paper shows that there is a gap between this view and what banks actually do. Banks perceive SMEs as a core

Augusto de la Torre; María Soledad Martínez Pería; Sergio L. Schmukler

2010-01-01

443

Market Discipline of Banks: The Asset Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the banking business grows more complex, government supervisors of banks seem increasingly willing to share the role of policing bank risk with private investors, especially bondholders. Using spreads on nearly 500 bank bond issues between 1993 and 1998, this paper investigates the relationship between the spreads on those bonds and the full portfolio of assets held by the issuing

Donald P. Morgan; Kevin J. Stiroh

2001-01-01

444

Knowledge Sharing Initiatives at the World Bank: Creating a Knowledge Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge recognized as a valuable resource will behove organizations to develop a mechanism for tapping into the collective intelligence and skills of employees aimed at creating a greater organizational knowledge base. There is no doubt that knowledge as a decisive factor affecting an organization's ability to gain competitive advantage. Therefore, given the importance of knowledge management, there is an increasing

Ye Guanyu; Ye Guocan

2010-01-01

445

Idea Bank: Explaining Biological Phenomena  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Idea Bank, the author provides two classroom activities that integrate argumentation, explanation, and the use of evidence with biology content. The first example fits within an ecology unit; the second works well in one on evolution. These exampl

Levin, Daniel M.

2010-09-01

446

Oeresund experiment. Data bank report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present supplements and extends a previously published magnetic tape containing the complete documented data set of the Oeresund Experiment. The report and the tape together constitute the Oeresund Experiment Data Bank. The report contains information...

N. G. Mortensen S. E. Gryning

1989-01-01

447

Wide Area Technical Report Service: technical reports online  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wide Area Technical Report Service (WATERS) is a distributed database of computer science technical reports. Contributors are departments of computer science that make their reports, stored locally at their sites, available through World-Wide Web and a WAIS search engine. By using WATERS, anyone with access to the Internet can, using a client such as Mosaic browse, search, obtain abstract and

James C. French; Edward A. Fox; Kurt Maly; Alan L. Selman

1995-01-01

448

Do foreign banks increase competition? Evidence from emerging Asian and Latin American banking markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the impact of foreign bank penetration on the competitive structure of domestic banking sectors in host emerging economies. We focus our analysis on Asia and Latin America during the period 1997–2008. Using bank-level panel data to identify foreign banks and to estimate measures of banking competition, we are able to provide robust empirical evidence that

Bang Nam Jeon; María Pía Olivero; Ji Wu

2011-01-01

449

The effects of bank regulations, competition, and financial reforms on banks' performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the influence of bank regulation, concentration, and financial and institutional development on commercial bank margins and profitability across a broad selection of Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. The empirical results suggest that bank-specific characteristics, in particular bank capitalization and credit risk, have a positive and significant impact on banks' net interest margin, cost

Sami Ben Naceur; Mohammed Omran

2011-01-01

450

Role of the Electronic Banking Services on the Profits of Jordanian Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims at examining the effects of electronic banking on bank's profitability in Jordan. How banking sector finds itself before a new fact imposed by technology revolution and digits to change their work mechanisms from traditional means to electronic means and the challenges banks face as a result. Furthermore, this study investigates the reasons behinds providing electronic banking services

Ahmad Zakaria Siam

2006-01-01

451

California Banking in the Nineteenth Century: The Art and Method of the Bank of A. Levy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An 1890s loan book of the Bank A. Levy permits a detailed examination of the lending operations of a private bank in California during the National Banking Era (1864-1914). This period has been intensively analyzed at the macroeconomic level, but there are few microeconomic studies of banks. This unregulated bank was well integrated into national money markets and lent to

Eugene N. White

1999-01-01

452

The Membrane Protein Data Bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

.  The Membrane Protein Data Bank (MPDB) is an online, searchable, relational database of structural and functional information\\u000a on integral, anchored and peripheral membrane proteins and peptides. Data originates from the Protein Data Bank and other\\u000a databases, and from the literature. Structures are based on X-ray and electron diffraction, nuclear magnetic resonance and\\u000a cryoelectron microscopy. The MPDB is searchable online by

P. Raman; V. Cherezov; M. Caffrey

2006-01-01

453

Fast electronically tunable filter bank  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article shows a new electronically tunable filter bank. The main characteristics are: wide frequency range, 6 to 18 GHz, compact size and fast response within the temperature range of -40degC to 75degC. To achieve these objectives the filter bank is built using HMIC and MMIC technology. The purpose of the system is to act as a fast tunable system

M. S. Ruiperez; Daniel Amor; J. Gonzalez; J. I. Alonso

2005-01-01

454

Limited liability and bank safety net procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model is presented of bank behaviour which identifies the factors determining a bank's optimal capital\\/asset ratio, its optimal liquidity ratio, the expected value of non-performing loans and the probability of bank failure. We propose that this last variable can act as an index of bank credit-worthiness. The main factors determining this index are (i) the risk associated with bank

George Mckenzie; Simon Wolfe

1995-01-01

455

The Contradiction in China's Gradualist Banking Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

China’s state-owned banks have historically funded money-losing state enterprises as a way of maintaining employment and social stability, but this practice has led to bank insolvency and bailouts. We survey the Chinese banking industry, focusing on the largest banks, which are being reformed to increase their competitiveness following China’s 2001 commitment to open its domestic banking market. We assemble macroeconomic,

Wendy. Dobson; Anil K. Kashyap

2006-01-01

456

CORE CAPABILITIES FOR EXPLOITING ELECTRONIC BANKING  

Microsoft Academic Search

New information technologies and emerging business forces have triggered a new wave of financial innovation -electronic banking (e-banking). This study utilizes an innovation model to analyze the impact of e-banking on the incumbent banks. The results indicate that the nature of e-banking innovation is disruptive, leading to drastic changes in both technological knowledge and business model. We further identify eight

Tzyh-Li Hsia; Michael S H Heng

2006-01-01

457

The transition to lower fertility in the West Bank and Gaza Strip: evidence from recent surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using recent data from three national-level surveys conducted in 1995, 2000, and 2004, we provide evidence that Palestinian\\u000a fertility rates in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, historically among the highest in the world, began to slow especially in\\u000a the West Bank, but stalled in Gaza during the recent Intifada. The TFR in the early 2000s was 4.6 per woman,

Marwan Khawaja; Shireen Assaf; Yara Jarallah

2009-01-01

458

The Green Bank Telescope  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NRAO Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope is a new 100 meter radio telescope that is now in routine astronomical operation. This paper gives a status report on astronomical performance, operational capabilities, development plans, and early scientific highlights. The telescope is now in regular operation to frequencies of 50 GHz, which achieves the base design goal of the facility. Both the surface and pointing accuracies allow good performance at that frequency. The active surface of 2004 movable panels is in regular use at all frequencies above ~8 GHz and significantly improves both gain and diffraction beam shape at high and low elevation angles. Receivers exist at most primary observing frequencies ranging from ~290 MHz to 50 GHz. A 256k-channel correlation spectrometer with up to 16 independent inputs is in routine use for spectroscopy. Backends for pulsar observing, broadband continuum, Very Long Baseline Interferometry, and planetary radar reception also exist. An advanced development program for enhancing the performance of the GBT is also underway. This program includes the Precision Telescope Control Project that will extend operation to 115 GHz or 2.6 mm wavelength (see the paper by Prestage and Constantikes in this volume), a 26-40 GHz receiver, a 68-92 GHz receiver, a fast sampling continuum backend built by a Caltech/NRAO collaboration, and a 64-pixel bolometer camera developed by a consortium of UPenn, NASA-GSFC, NIST, UCardiff, and NRAO. Software development projects for enhanced user interfaces and data handling are underway, and plans to implement queue-based dynamic scheduling and remote observing are being developed. The status of these projects and their anticipated scientific impact will be discussed.

Jewell, Philip R.; Prestage, Richard M.

2004-10-01

459

Bank Regulation: Analysis of the Failure of Superior Bank, FSB, Hinsdale, Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This reports offers an analysis of the failure of Superior Bank, FSB, a federally chartered savings bank located outside Chicago, Illinois. Shortly after Superior Bank's closure on July 27,2001, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) projected t...

T. J. McCool

2002-01-01

460

E-banking: challenges and opportunities in the Greek banking sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet technologies have a great potential for changing fundamentally the banks and the banking industry. The opportunities,\\u000a which the e-banking services and technologies offer to the banking sector in order to fulfil existing customer needs and to\\u000a attract new prospective customers, are the driving forces for banks in order to design, develop and operate their own e-banking\\u000a systems. This paper

Georgios Angelakopoulos; Athanassios Mihiotis

461

Politicians and banks: Political influences on government-owned banks in emerging markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government ownership of banks is very common in countries other than the United States. This paper provides cross-country, bank-level empirical evidence about political influences on these banks. It shows that government-owned banks increase their lending in election years relative to private banks. This effect is robust to controlling for country-specific macroeconomic and institutional factors as well as bank-specific factors. The

I. Serdar Dinç

2005-01-01

462

Koko's World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Koko's World is provided by the Gorilla Foundation, a nonprofit organization created to "bring interspecies communication to the public, in order to save gorillas from extinction, and inspire our children to create a better future for all the great apes." KokoTV, part of the Koko's World Web site, offers video clips of Koko (the famous signing gorilla) communicating with friends. A recently added clip contains footage of Koko purring, an expression of contentment. In watching this and the eight other available video clips, it's easy to see how Koko has charmed countless people around the world.

2002-01-01

463

Preparation of a cost data bank for DOE\\/Biomass Energy Systems Branch. Fourth quarterly progress report, July 1September 30, 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preparation of a biomass conversion technology and cost data bank for the Biomass Energy Systems Branch (BES) of DOE\\/Solar is described. Technical and economic analyses of a number of BES technology options are currently underway. A total of 22 biomass conversion technology options (14 thermochemical and 8 biochemical) have been selected for inclusion in the data bank. These options

A. Y. Kam; R. L. Dickenson; J. L. Jones; D. C. Bomberger; A. K. Chatterjee; W. S. Fong; P. C. Meagher; D. J. Wilhelm

1979-01-01

464

The World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Any effort to provide high-quality news coverage of events around the world must include a crack team of international correspondents drawn from some of the world's most prominent news organizations. Fortunately, Public Radio International's well-regarded program, The World, draws on correspondents from the BBC and other respected news agencies. On their well-organized site, visitors can listen to each program in its entirety, or move through a number of online-only special reports, which include features on Afghanistan and ethnic conflicts in Africa. The World's site also offers three different podcasts and RSS feeds. Another fine feature of the site is the section where reporters for their program offer journals from their recent investigative excursions to Israel, Mexico, China, and Northern Ireland. Overall, the site is a fine way to stay up to date with current events of importance from Ghana to Goa.

465

Advertising World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Billed as "The Ultimate Marketing Communications Guide," Advertising World has been created by the department of advertising at University of Texas at Austin. Advertising World is a comprehensive directory of marketing communications information ranging from online discussion lists to lists of sites featuring online advertisements for specific products to a page called unconventional media, which includes advertising on hot air balloons, cargo containers, and the roofs of city buses. The Websites are tersely annotated and are organized in alphabetical order.

466

Banking for Beginners: Making Deposits and Using Bank Registers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build their own bank account box and create account numbers for two accounts: one for checking and one for savings. Learners engage in a simulation activity to earn money, save money, and pay bills. They make choices about which account to use when depositing money, use age-appropriate bank registers to track the balance in each account, and use simple addition and subtraction to calculate balances. This activity was intended to precede a museum visit, but can be used on its own. The lesson guide includes background information, key vocabulary words, questions to ask, extensions and resources.

Houston, Children'S M.

2009-01-01

467

Comparing the two cultures in technical writing  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is pointed out that veteran technical writers and editors sometimes suspect that the professors who teach technical writing and editing are too deeply immersed in their academic culture to translate effectively into the classroom the world of work culture in which technical writing and editing are practised. It is argued, however, that the two cultures are remarkably alike, sharing

D. Bush

1991-01-01

468

World Culture and Military Power  

Microsoft Academic Search

World culture shapes the way states generate military power: norms of conventional warfare provide the template for military organization, and norms of humanitarian law define what is morally acceptable in military operations. Sometimes, however, local strategic circumstances can challenge these worldwide technical scripts and moral codes for military action. Accordingly, this article advances an approach—cultural adaptation theory—that accounts for the

Theo Farrell

2005-01-01

469

Nuclear Proliferation and World Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Varying technical deficiencies are likely to characterize the nuclear forces of many new proliferators. Regional interactions within a proliferated world probably would include increased nuclear arms racing, inadvertant or calculated nuclear-weapon use, and outside involvement in domestic nuclear coups d'état. In turn, the possible global repercussions of local proliferation are likely to include: a partial erosion of existing alliances, or,

Lewis A. Dunn

1977-01-01

470

The Expanding World Information Economy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three articles analyze the following aspects of the world information economy: (1) the role of the Soviet Union's information system--VINITI--in the implementation of the State STI (Scientific and Technical Information) system; (2) Britain's information policies; and (3) Europe's expanding market for information technology. (MAB)|

Nesterov, Pyotr V.

1991-01-01

471

Brain banking for neurological disorders.  

PubMed

Brain banks are used to gather, store, and provide human brain tissue for research and have been fundamental to improving our knowledge of the brain in health and disease. To maintain this role, the legal and ethical issues relevant to the operations of brain banks need to be more widely understood. In recent years, researchers have reported that shortages of high-quality brain tissue samples from both healthy and diseased people have impaired their efforts. Closer collaborations between brain banks and improved strategies for brain donation programmes will be essential to overcome these problems as the demand for brain tissue increases and new research techniques become more widespread, with the potential for substantial scientific advances in increasingly common neurological disorders. PMID:24074724

Samarasekera, Neshika; Al-Shahi Salman, Rustam; Huitinga, Inge; Klioueva, Natasja; McLean, Catriona A; Kretzschmar, Hans; Smith, Colin; Ironside, James W

2013-09-25

472

US Credit Conditions: Federal Reserve Bank of New York  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether economic conditions are good or bad, inquiring minds want to know about mortgage delinquencies, foreclosures, and their impacts on communities across the United States. Drawing on data provided by one of the nation's dominant credit agencies, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York has created this dynamic map that tracks credit conditions related to auto loans, bank cards, mortgages, and student loans. On the website's homepage, visitors can zoom in on different counties across the country, and also toggle different data sets on and off on the display map. The site also includes a set of technical notes, a glossary, and a link to subscribe to email alerts. Also, visitors can display information from the current fiscal quarter, or look at year-by-year change.

473

78 FR 38978 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...shares of The Citizens State Bank of Taylor County, Reynolds, Georgia. B. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (Gerald C. Tsai, Director, Applications and Enforcement) 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Jefry Baker,...

2013-06-28

474

76 FR 44914 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G. King, Community Affairs Officer) 90 Hennepin...Minneapolis, Minnesota 55480-0291: 1. Stephen L. Grobel, Tabb, Virginia; to individually...Bank, Glasgow, Montana. In addition, Stephen L. Grobel and Peter J. Grobel,...

2011-07-27

475

78 FR 61988 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Stephanie D. O'Dowd Family Trust, to acquire voting shares of Mansfield Bancshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire voting shares of Community Bank of Louisiana, both in Mansfield, Louisiana. B. Federal Reserve Bank of San...

2013-10-09

476

75 FR 78705 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have applied under the Change in Bank Control Act (12 U.S.C. 1817(j)) and...both of Wichita, Kansas; to retain control of Norcon Financial Corp., and thereby indirectly retain control of Conway Bank, National...

2010-12-16

477

77 FR 32637 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bank Trust, William V. Eckles as Trustee, Blue Earth, Minnesota; to retain control of FNB Bancshares, Inc., and thereby indirectly retain control of First Bank Blue Earth, both in Blue Earth, Minnesota. Board of Governors of the...

2012-06-01

478

76 FR 32361 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1. Teresa L. Keslar, Beatrice, Nebraska, to acquire control of Keystone Investment, Inc., and thereby indirectly acquire control of Bank of Keystone, both in Keystone, Nebraska. B. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco (Kenneth...

2011-06-06

479

76 FR 53900 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jones, individually, all of Key West, Florida; to acquire...voting shares of First State Bank of the Florida Keys Holding Company, and thereby...voting shares of First State Bank of the Florida Keys, both in Key West,...

2011-08-30

480

Why is Bank Debt Senior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This theory can explain why bank debt is universally senior, consistent with the presence,of conflict (lawyers) and,absolute,priority,violations,in financial,distress: Better organized,banks,would,more,strongly,contest,priority,in financial,distress if they,were,junior. Because,“deterrence”,can,reduce,creditors’ total expenses,in a priority contest, the ex-post stronger lobbyist\\/litigant should be senior ex-ante. For equivalent reasons, the theory can advise when public debt should be senior to trade credit and\\/or implicit contracts, and can even

Ivo Welch

481

Australian Item Bank Program: Science Item Bank. Book 3: Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Australian Science Item Bank consists of three volumes of multiple-choice questions. Book 3 contains questions on the biological sciences. The questions are designed to be suitable for high school students (year 8 to year 12 in Australian schools). The questions are classified by the subject content of the question, the cognitive skills…

Australian Council for Educational Research, Hawthorn.

482

Bank Trends: Analysis of Emerging Risks in Banking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation has released Bank Trends No.98-01 -- No. 98-03 analyzing the time series behavior of personal bankruptcy at the federal and state level, and the influence of legal factors on personal bankruptcy filings.

1998-01-01

483

Productive Performance Evaluation of the Banking Sector in India Using Data Envelopment Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper attempts to examine, using data envelopment analysis, the productivity performance trends of the Indian commercial banks for the period: 1997-98 - 2004-05. Our broad empirical findings are indicative in many ways. First, the increasing average annual trends in technical efficiency for all ownership groups indicate an affirmative gesture about the effect of the reform process on the performance

Biresh K. Sahoo; Jati K. Sengupta; Anandadeep Mandal

2007-01-01

484

The impact of liberalization on the productive efficiency of Indian commercial banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the productive efficiency of 70 Indian commercial banks during the early stages (1986–1991) of the ongoing period of liberalization. We use data envelopment analysis to calculate radial technical efficiency scores. We then use stochastic frontier analysis to attribute variation in the calculated efficiency scores to three sources: a temporal component, an ownership component, and a random noise component.

Arunava Bhattacharyya; C. A. K. Lovell; Pankaj Sahay

1997-01-01

485

Bureau of Mines oil shale data bank. Part III. Recent research projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The data bank was created in 1976 to serve as a centralized source for the storage, retrieval, and dissemination of technical literature, patents, and information on research projects in oil shale. Thousands of bibliographic references, patents, and research projects relating to the mining of oil shale have been identified, abstracted, and indexed according to selected keyword topics. The resulting data

R. E. Thill; D. N. West; K. S. Radcliffe; O. M. Peterson

1981-01-01

486

Computer simulations to determine the efficacy of different genome resource banking strategies for maintaining genetic diversity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genome resource banks (GRBs) and assisted reproductive techniques are increasingly recognized as useful tools for the management and conservation of biodiversity, including endangered species. Cryotechnology permits long-term storage of valuable genetic material. Although, the actual application to endangered species management requires technical knowledge about sperm freezing and thawing, a systematic understanding of the quantitative impacts of various germ plasm storage

V. K Harnal; D. E Wildt; D. M Bird; S. L Monfort; J. D Ballou

2002-01-01

487

Skills Conversion Project: Chapter 11, Banking, Finance and Insurance. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Society of Professional Engineers, under contract to the U.S. Department of Labor, conducted a study to investigate the conversion of skills of displaced aerospace defense technical professional to other industries. The Long Island team of the study project investigated the banking, finance, and insurance industries. Approximately 250…

National Society of Professional Engineers, Washington, DC.

488

76 FR 39105 - [Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2011. A. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jacqueline G...Robert Lynn Nelson, Cudjoe Key, Florida; to gain control of...acquire voting shares of Kirkwood Bank and Trust Company, both in...

2011-07-05

489

75 FR 30028 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisition of Shares of Bank or Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...voting shares of Premier Bank of Jacksonville, both...B. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City (Dennis...64198-0001: 1. Christopher Key Jordan and Crystal Lynn...trustees of the Christopher Key Jordan 2008 Trust; and...shares of Farmers State Bank, both in Quinton,...

2010-05-28

490

77 FR 64515 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...views in writing to the Reserve Bank indicated for that notice or...2012. A. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (Chapelle Davis...Garrison Anderson, both of Longboat Key, Florida; to acquire voting...voting shares of First Volunteer Bank, both of Chattanooga,...

2012-10-22

491

A simple model of bank employee compensation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the question, Does the limited liability associated with banking make it necessary for a government to regulate bank employee compensation? It attempts to shed light on this question by considering a mechanism design framework.

Christopher Phelan

2009-01-01

492

76 FR 17521 - Assessments, Large Bank Pricing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CORPORATION 12 CFR Part 327 RIN 3064-AD66 Assessments, Large Bank Pricing AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC). ACTION...2011 (76 FR 10672), regarding Assessments, Large Bank Pricing. This correction clarifies words of amendatory...

2011-03-30

493

40 CFR 97.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRADING PROGRAMS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 97.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2013-07-01

494

40 CFR 96.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 96.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2013-07-01

495

Human Milk Banking: Considerations Related to Human ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Human Milk Banking Procedures to Reduce ... of milk containers-Batch number, name of milk bank ... (donor procedure, HIV testing, PEP electronic links ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

496

Electronic Banking: Safety and Soundness Examination Procedures.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Supplement to DOS Examination Manual; Introduction; Electronic Capabilities; Risks; Risk management; Examination Program; Electronic Banking Examination Procedures; Pre-examination Letter and Request List and Electronic Banking Glossary...

2001-01-01

497

40 CFR 96.355 - Banking.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS CAIR NOX Ozone Season Allowance Tracking System § 96.355 Banking. (a) CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowances may be banked for future...section. (b) Any CAIR NOX Ozone Season allowance that is held in a...

2011-07-01

498

Value to Banks of Small Business Lending.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study investigates the contribution of relationship lending to the value of banks by estimating the market premium placed on the small business loan portfolios of banks. This approach contrasts with the previous literature that has focused almost exc...

J. Peek

2007-01-01

499

7 CFR 761.51 - Establishing a supervised bank account.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Establishing a supervised bank account. 761.51 Section 761.51 Agriculture...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Supervised Bank Accounts § 761.51 Establishing a supervised bank account. (a) Supervised bank accounts...

2013-01-01

500

7 CFR 761.55 - Closing a supervised bank account.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Closing a supervised bank account. 761.55 Section 761.55 Agriculture...PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION Supervised Bank Accounts § 761.55 Closing a supervised bank account. (a) If the supervised bank...

2013-01-01