Note: This page contains sample records for the topic world economic crisis from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

The World Economic Crisis and the Quality of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a result of the economic crisis following the Arab/Israeli war of 1973, many developing countries cannot adequately finance quality education systems. Adjustment options in the education sector include increasing resources, improving the efficiency of current resources, developing cost efficiencies, and retrenchment. A foreign aid fund…

Heyneman, Stephen Paul

1990-01-01

2

World Economic Crisis and Scenarios of Post-crisis Development: Marxist Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Implications of the modern Marxist theory create the opportunity to show the inevitability, the reasons and the main features of the first world crisis of the XXI century. It has been generated by deregulation of economy, which caused the classical crisis of overproduction, and by the new contradictions of late capitalism, in particular, by persistent over-accumulation of capital and by

A. BUZGALIN; A. KOLGANOV

2009-01-01

3

Can the U.S. Prevent a World Economic Crisis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three questions are discussed: Is the world heading toward a new depression? Is there an alternative set of policies which could significantly minimize such risks and promise a return to stable growth? Can the United States restore acceptable economic growth at home without worldwide recovery? (RM)|

Bergsten, C. Fred

1983-01-01

4

Economics of oil crisis: the cause of the world oil crisis of 1973-74  

SciTech Connect

It is demonstrated that the oil crisis of 1973 to 1974 was the outcome of the increase in the value magnitude of the least-productive oil region. This implies that the production and formation of value and prices have become integrated at the level of the international oil industry. It is also argued that the increasing socialization of production on the one hand, and the reciprocal relations of capitals, through intra-industry competition, on the other hand, have led to the formation of differential rates of profit at the global level. The material basis of these differential profit rates is the existence of differential productivity in the oil industry. In addition, due to the predominance of oil property relation, the resultant differential profitability tends to be transformed into differential oil rent on a permanent basis. As a result, it is due to competition, rather than monopoly, that the least- and most-productive oil regions can stand in reciprocal relation and lead to the formation of differential oil rent. Thus, it is the regulating capital in the least-productive oil region that tends to determine the market value of oil internationally. It is established that the United States and the Middle East are the least- and most-productive oil regions of the world, respectively. In addition, it is demonstrated that there has been a significant decline in the productivity of the value-determining United States oil fields since the beginning of the 1970s. At the same time, econometric tests reveal that the oil price increase and the cost increase and the cost increase were associated with each other during the crisis.

Bina, C.

1983-01-01

5

The Characteristics Of Preferred Strategic Postures By Bulgarian Industrial Companies In The World Financial And Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a survey of Bulgarian industrial organizations with respect to their clashes with the world financial and economic crisis’s effects on local economy. The crisis manifestations under business environment specificity factors and important cultural aspects of dominating managerial behavior in these companies are described and analyzed. The concrete research encompasses two groups of industrial companies,

Kiril Dimitrov

2011-01-01

6

Influenza H1N1 and the world wide economic crisis--a model of coherence?  

PubMed

A recent published model described the phenomenon of a global panic reaction (GPR) on the stock markets based on two remarkable stock market crashes in the months of January and March [Sperling W, Bleich S, Reulbach U, Black Monday on stock markets throughout the world - a new phenomenon of collective panic disorder? A psychiatric approach. Med Hypotheses; 2008]. This model was completed by a therapeutic approach following typical elements of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) [Sperling W, Biermann T, Maler JM, Global panic reaction - a therapeutic approach to a world-wide economic crisis. Med Hypotheses; 2009]. The phenomenon of a global panic reaction due to economic crises seems to have even larger implications on human health as well. It is well known that acute and chronic distress is competent to suppress the immune system by various mechanisms that are discussed in detail. This global panic reaction - that has also been observed in former times - might therefore be responsible for the new variation of recent influenza pandemic coming from Mexico. PMID:19515500

Sperling, W; Biermann, T

2009-06-09

7

Economic Crisis in Japan  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines Japan's struggle against economic recession. The nine resources discussed provide an overview on various aspects of the topic. Due to economic crisis throughout Asia, the Japanese economy was severely strained this week as the yen continued to fall against the dollar in Tokyo trading. A "weak domestic financial sector" and shrinking private-sector investments and exports also contributed to Japanese economic woes, according to Economic Planning Minister Shimpei Nukaya. Although many top Japanese governmental officials believe their nation's economy can be revived through financial reform and international monetary support, some United States analysts remain uncertain. With a weak GDP, a weak yen, and ownership of over half the world's savings, international concern for Japanese impact on other economies is growing. To alleviate these fears, President Clinton bolstered the yen with US dollar sales on June 17, 1998. The long-term effects of this intervention remain to be seen.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

8

Issues in the International Economics of Industrial Mobilization and Surge for Crisis in an Interdependent World.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to present aspects of international trade which are important for industrial mobilization in time of crisis, such as war, famine and natural disasters, in an interdependent world. We will first present an overview of the inter...

P. Sullivan

1989-01-01

9

The Effects of Economic Crisis on Democratization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does the global economic crisis negatively impact the prospects of democratization around the world? This is a time-series, cross-national study that tests the effects of the economic meltdown on the level of democratization for new democracies around the world for 2007 to 2009. It tests economic growth measured as the quarterly economic rate growth against different indexes of democracy, and

Cristina Nicolescu Waggonner

10

Economic Crisis in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing deep economic crisis. A situation has reached where there is total stagnation with zero per cent growth rate and no hope of recovery. Hunger is hovering over vast areas of Africa threatening the lives of 150 million people and every day people are dying of starvation. It is said, that nature and international economic relations are

Vijay Gupta

1985-01-01

11

The World Trade Organization's legitimacy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the successful launch of a new round of multilateral trade negotiations at Doha, the World Trade Organization faces a legitimacy crisis. Protests continue to rock major international economic meetings, and the WTO s role in globalization is being questioned by many observers. This paper examines the contours of this crisis and explores the possibility that the WTO s indirect

DANIEL C. ESTY

2002-01-01

12

Facing the Crisis: Third World Agriculture in the 1980s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines how developing nations' agrarian economy fared in the 1980s in the wake of the world economic crisis. Discusses how the economic crisis affected agricultural development and whether the performance of the agrarian economy was responsible for the economic crisis. (JOW)|

Singh, Ajit; Tabatabai, Hamid

1990-01-01

13

ECONOMIC CRISIS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Real estate crisis, financial crisis and economic crisis will necessarily bring about also a lifestyle crisis. It will be essential to adapt. Conception of sustainable progression was frequently understood (and still is understood) as permanently sustainable growth. Practically speaking it is impossible, limitations will necessarily come. The perception of a sustainable growth and a sustainable lifestyle level and wealth increase

Petr Nemecek; Alena Kocmanova

14

Foreign debt, economic growth and economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between foreign debt, economic growth and economic crisis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper constructs a Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans model theoretically and examines empirically the relationship between foreign debt, economic growth and economic crisis using US data over the period of 2003 and 2008. Findings – The paper finds that if the

Xuan Changyong; Sun Jun; Yan Chen

2012-01-01

15

Leadership, Inequality, and Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to investigate the effects of inequality on the current economic crisis. Inequality is defined as unequal opportunities for economical and educational activities among people of a nation and among nations. In this paper, it is argued that, most of the current economic crisis are generated by the income and wealth inequality through contemporary leadership

Asim Sen

16

Addressing the world water crisis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The world is facing an impinging crisis on water as population growth continues, energy use increases, and affluence (standard of living) increases all requiring more water. Agriculture must find ways to use water more productively while improving the impact of agriculture on the environment. Agri...

17

Worldwide spreading of economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We model the spreading of a crisis by constructing a global economic network and applying the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR) epidemic model with a variable probability of infection. The probability of infection depends on the strength of economic relations between a given pair of countries and the strength of the target country. It is expected that a crisis that originates in a large country, such as the USA, has the potential to spread globally, such as the recent crisis. Surprisingly, we also show that countries with a much lower GDP, such as Belgium, are able to initiate a global crisis. Using the k-shell decomposition method to quantify the spreading power (of a node), we obtain a measure of 'centrality' as a spreader of each country in the economic network. We thus rank the different countries according to the shell they belong to, and find the 12 most central ones. These countries are the most likely to spread a crisis globally. Of these 12, only six are large economies, while the other six are medium/small ones, a result that could not have been otherwise anticipated. Furthermore, we use our model to predict the crisis spreading potential of countries belonging to different shells according to the crisis magnitude.

Garas, Antonios; Argyrakis, Panos; Rozenblat, Céline; Tomassini, Marco; Havlin, Shlomo

2010-11-01

18

Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

Richardson, Dominic

2010-01-01

19

Distribution, 'financialisation' and the financial and economic crisis: Implications for post-crisis economic policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severity of the financial and economic crisis which started in 2007 cannot be understood without examining the medium- to long-run developments in the world economy since the early 1980s. The following long-run causes for the crisis can be identified: inefficient regulation of financial markets, increasing inequality in the distribution of income, and rising imbalances at the global (and at

Eckhard Hein

2011-01-01

20

Distribution, ‘Financialisation’ and the Financial and Economic Crisis – Implications for Post-crisis Economic Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The severity of the financial and economic crisis which started in 2007 cannot be understood without examining the medium- to long-run developments in the world economy since the early 1980s. The following long-run causes for the crisis can be identified: inefficient regulation of financial markets, increasing inequality in the distribution of income, and rising imbalances at the global (and at

Eckhard Hein

2011-01-01

21

China – Usa Relation within the Context of World Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

We ask ourselves whether behind economic and financial globalization there is a crisis of international political relations. The answer is YES! This crisis confirms the existence of two main actors in the global geopolitical: America and China. America came in office after its complete affirmation at the end of the Cold War as the only world leader and China, although

Dorel Dumitru CHIRITESCU; Maria VASILESCU

2010-01-01

22

Suicides Rose Worldwide After 2008 Economic Crisis  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Suicides Rose Worldwide After 2008 Economic Crisis: Study About 5,000 more men killed ... 17 (HealthDay News) -- Effects of the 2008 global economic crisis could be to blame for increased suicide ...

23

Framing the 2009 Economic Crisis: The White House Website Blog  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2009 economic crisis put the United States and the world into turmoil. This study analyzed blog posts on the White House website to determine how the crisis was framed during President Barack Obama's first 300 days in office. It also examined how political communication was affected and driven by new technologies and how news influencers, such as President Obama,

Caitlin Helen Cassady

2010-01-01

24

Energy-economic-international crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This overview of the energy crisis concludes that the U.S. must reverse present anti-energy policies that have slowed development of domestic sources and reduced world confidence in the dollar--and should adopt new policies that combine conservation and reduce foreign oil dependency while making imports more reliable during the interim. The public must be helped to understand the situation and to

2009-01-01

25

Social dialogue during the financial and economic crisis - Results from the ILO\\/World Bank Inventory using a Boolean analysis on 44 countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using information collected by the ILO\\/WB Inventory of policy responses to the financial and economic crisis on 44 countries, this paper identified conditions under which there was a social dialogue response to the financial crisis between 2008 and 2010. For that purpose, they use a particular definition of social dialogue, e.g. the emergence of tripartite national-level agreements or major agreements

Lucio Baccaro; Stefan Heeb

2011-01-01

26

Crisis stability in the new world order  

SciTech Connect

This report gives a preliminary discussion of the crisis stability characteristics of the new world order through calculations calibrated for the current order. If finds that crisis stability indices have qualitatively similar behavior in the new order, but significantly more comforting values than in the old. The recent summit proposed significant cuts in MIRVed and heavy intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), and strategic weapons generally, that take the world into an apparently new order. This report gives a preliminary discussion of the crisis stability characteristics of that new order and of the interaction of offenses and defenses with stability indices in it.

Canavan, G.H.

1992-07-01

27

World Economic Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

World Economic Forum is a nonprofit organization dedicated to "economic growth and social progress." The forum is located in Geneva, Switzerland, and its members include those in business, politics, and the academic world. The World Economic Forum Website contains a variety of information about the Forum as well as information about global economics. Latest news is highlighted, with reports from several recent economic summits including photographs and Webcasts. A menu at the top left corner of the site directs users to the rest of the site, including resources about regional networks, reports and publications, and centers and projects.

28

Common crisis North-South: cooperation for world recovery  

SciTech Connect

Expanding upon an earlier report of the Brandt Commission that spelled out the extent of the mutual interests between north and south and appealed for a program to avert disaster for the poorest countries, a longer-term reorganization of the global economic system, and a summit meeting of world leaders, the 1983 revision addresses how to deal with the common crisis. The book describes the different elements of crisis in trade, energy, and food, and concentrates on the overriding problem of how to compensate for the decline in liquidity, how to reverse the decline in trade, and how to revive the world economy. 42 references, 21 figures, 1 table.

Not Available

1983-01-01

29

World Economic Outlook: 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Recently published by the International Monetary Fund, the World Economic Outlook (WEO) is a semi-annual examination of recent world economic developments and future prospects. Responding to recent financial turbulence around the world, the report highlights monetary policy issues in Asia as well as development strategies in emerging market countries and Russia. A 28-page statistical appendix is also included with financial growth indicators by region.

1998-01-01

30

Crisis of a crowded world.  

PubMed

The debate ranges on about whether population growth is good or bad or neutral. Population experts have a new focus on the environment, education, and women's health, while giving continued attention to population control. Solutions are not apparent from Marxist or capitalist perspectives. The question is not free market and limits, but what lifestyles will be adopted by the mass population in developing countries. The Malthusian dilemma of balancing population and resources will remain. The problems of world population growth, natural resource conservation, and economic development are of such a magnitude that it will take international cooperation to provide solutions. The Cairo UN International Conference on Population and Development will begin to lay the foundation for a workable consensus. If 119 million people from Bangladesh or the 1.2 billion Chinese adopt Western life styles, there will be a devastating impact on environmental quality, not only from the numbers, but from the outdated and inefficient technologies. For example, in Mexico, cars do not have catalytic converters, which lack contributes to sever air pollution problems. In the United States, population growth is the 3rd fastest after Canada and Australia, and each American consumes vast amounts of natural resources. Environmental conservation might be better served if American population growth were curbed. It is the style of life and the level of life that is important, rather than sheer numbers. Population has grown from 1.7 billion in the world in 1900 to 5.7 billion at present. Population will double again by 2050. The increase in numbers is accompanied by longer life expectancy, even with AIDS and the diseases. Africa has some of the fastest growing populations, and there is considerable poverty, disease, and lack of social services. There is ample evidence of environmental destruction and industrial pollution. PMID:12318863

Chen, V

1994-08-01

31

World Economic Outlook: 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication has recently been made available by the International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook is a semi-annual report that provides "IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term." It also surveys the creation of the European Monetary Union (EMU), exchange rate arrangements and economic performance in developing countries, and monetary policies in the transition economies. WEO contains a statistical appendix on various global macroeconomic variables.

1997-01-01

32

Leaders Urge Colleges to Think Globally Despite Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The global economic crisis has accelerated the fear that the United States' international power is fading. It has also made clear the need for American higher education to engage more deeply with the rest of the world, not run from it. That was the consensus among a group of presidents and provosts who met in New York this month as part of "Higher…

McMurtrie, Beth; Wheeler, David

2008-01-01

33

Global Financial and Economic Crisis: Analysis and Policy Implications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What began as a bursting of the U.S. housing market bubble and a rise in foreclosures has ballooned into a global financial and economic crisis. The world now appears to have entered a global recession that is causing widespread business contraction, incr...

D. K. Nanto

2009-01-01

34

Economic inequality and economic crisis: a challenge for social workers.  

PubMed

To social workers, extreme economic inequality is primarily a violation of social justice, but this article shows how growing economic inequality since the mid-1970s was not only unjust, but also dysfunctional to the U.S. economy and linked to the recent economic crisis with its devastating effects, particularly on the social work clientele. The article identifies interrelated changes in ideology, the market economy, and government policies since the mid-1970s; contrasts the political economy of this period with the preceding post-World War II decades when the trend was toward a "shared prosperity"; and shows how increased economic inequality and political consequences that undermined democracy itself contributed to the economic meltdown. The analysis has implications for the direction of social reform and for broadening the constituency of social movements in pursuit of the social work mission of social justice. How social workers can contribute to such movements and to a reduction of economic and political inequality is explored. PMID:23252313

Goldberg, Gertrude Schaffner

2012-07-01

35

Economic Inequality and Economic Crisis: A Challenge for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To social workers, extreme economic inequality is primarily a violation of social justice, but this article shows how growing economic inequality since the mid-1970s was not only unjust, but also dysfunctional to the U.S. economy and linked to the recent economic crisis with its devastating effects, particularly on the social work clientele. The…

Goldberg, Gertrude Schaffner

2012-01-01

36

Economic crisis and accounting evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study changes in financial reporting around economic crises from a historical perspective through the lens of punctuated equilibrium evolution. Historical evidence and contemporary economic analyses indicate that corporate financial reporting plays a minor role in precipitating economic crises but might amplify them. Economic crises likely play a role similar to major shocks in biological environments by selecting accounting practices,

Gregory Waymire; Sudipta Basu

2011-01-01

37

A Postscript to the Asian Financial Crisis: The Fragile International Economic Order  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article situates the East Asian financial\\/economic crisis among other key economic events of the post-Cold-War world, assessing its significance alongside that of America's extraordinary economic growth in the 1990s and the collapse of the 1999 World Trade Organization meeting in Seattle. According to the author, the financial crisis could not have been avoided merely by removing national governments and

Robert Gilpin

2003-01-01

38

Peruvian higher education: expansions amid economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the university system in Peru is described and attention drawn to the periods of rapid expansion. The economic crisis of the 1980s led to some doubts about the wisdom of maintaining such a high growth rate. The fall in the number of university entrants in the period 1974 to 1978 is analyzed in the context of the

David Post

1991-01-01

39

Inflation Game Redistributions and Economic Crisis Path  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from the effects of the socially redistribution of wealth generated by inflation, the authors aim to identify the system of interests that supports this process, namely the connections with the economic crisis. In this aim, this work launches the hypothesis that the contagious disease of the market imbalances represents the basis for the manifestation of the inflationary process. By

Dorel AILENEI; Amalia CRISTESCU

2012-01-01

40

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

2013-01-01

41

Why the Economic Crisis Was Not Anticipated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article in the October 11 "New York Times" attributed the almost universal failure to anticipate the current economic crisis to "insanity"--more precisely, to a psychological inability to give proper weight to past events, so that if there is prosperity today people assume that it will last forever, even though they know that in the past booms…

Posner, Richard A.

2009-01-01

42

Is Responsible Consumption Compatible with Economic Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market economy intrinsically features mass consumption. Individual consumption decisions should be free and it would be desirable they were carried out in an ethical and responsible way. On the other hand, taking into account that in economic crisis periods authorities ask citizens to keep on consuming so as to stem the private consumption reduction, some natural questions arise: What is

Clementina Galera Casquet; Montserrat Diaz-Mendez

2010-01-01

43

Understanding North Korea's Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an overview of the current economic situation in North Korea and suggests some possible strategies for recovery, including ways of mobilizing financing and implementing essential market reforms. Throughout the 1990s, North Korea suffered a severe economic downturn after the abrupt collapse of the cooperative network of socialist countries. Because the needs of the military had been given

Deok Ryong Yoon; Bradley O. Babson

2002-01-01

44

Protecting Pakistan's health during the global economic crisis.  

PubMed

The world is facing an unprecedented global economic crisis, with many countries needing to reconsider their level of health care spending. This paper explores the many consequences of the global economic turndown on Pakistan's health, including reduced government and donor spending and increased poverty with the consequent diversion of funds away from health. Nevertheless, these challenges may provide opportunities not only to mitigate the adverse effects of the economic crisis but also to institute some much-needed reforms that may not receive political support during more affluent times. Our suggestions focus on setting priorities based on the national disease burden, prioritizing prevention interventions, demanding results, curbing corruption, experimenting with innovative funding mechanisms, advocating for increased funding by presenting health spending as an investment rather than an expense and by selected recourse to civil society interventions and philanthropy to bridge the gap between available and needed resources. PMID:22574485

Jooma, R; Khan, A; Khan, A A

2012-03-01

45

Everglades: The Catalyst to Combat the World Water Crisis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Life including mankind will not survive on earth without sufficient clean fresh water. The world is facing a water crisis of apocalyptic proportion. In part, the crisis was created by well-intended actions, waste, and ambivalence of mankind. The crisis is...

J. A. Pantano

2009-01-01

46

Sustaining China's Economic Growth after the Global Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis and ensuing economic downturn has raised many questions concerning the future of global economic growth. Prior to the financial crisis, global growth was characterized by growing imbalances, reflected primarily in large trade surpluses in China, Japan, Germany, and the oil exporting countries and rapidly growing deficits, primarily in the United States. The global crisis raises the

Nicholas R. Lardy

47

An Historical and Cultural Perspective on the World Ecological Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The population of the world is growing, food production is stagnating, oil is running out, and we are destroying the resource base we depend on for life. These are all related in interlocking ways that are sure to result in a global crisis in the easily foreseeable future; the compound crisis of population, food, oil, soil, and water. Politics and

Antony F. F. Boys

1997-01-01

48

World Hunger Crisis Kit. Hope for the Hungry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet introduces the problem of world hunger and provides information, facts, and perspectives about the crisis. Section one presents the reader with the basic facts of the hunger crisis through a self-survey, a statistical study of the developed Oil Producing Export Countries (OPEC), and a one-page indication of what one would have to…

Woito, Robert, Ed.

49

Implications of the global economic crisis for the Bangladesh economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no denying the fact that the recent global economic crisis has profound implications for the developing countries like Bangladesh. This paper has explored the impacts of global economic crisis on the economy of Bangladesh in a general equilibrium framework. The CGE model for Bangladesh economy is developed with a Social Accounting Matrix for the year 2007 as the

Selim Raihan

2012-01-01

50

World History. Focus on Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book opens with an exploration of the first economic revolution, which set the stage for the dramatic unfolding of the role economics has played in world history. The lessons focus on two topics: (1) why some economies grew and prospered while others remained stagnant or declined; and (2) what causes people to make choices that help or hinder…

Caldwell, Jean; Clark, James; Herscher, Walter

51

September 11 and the World Airline Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the post?September 11, 2001, rhetoric has focussed on the idea that the terrorist attacks in the USA catapulted the world airline industry into a financial crisis. But are the current problems in the world airline industry so readily attributable to the events of September 11? Was the shock to the industry sufficient to create the current situation, or

JAMES F. NOLAN; PAMELA RITCHIE; JOHN ROWCROFT

2004-01-01

52

Debt crisis, accumulation crisis and economic restructuring in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The policy debate over the Latin American debt crisis has shifted from the issue of short-term adjustment to that of long-term restructuring. The history of import substituting industrialization (IS) is reviewed in order to establish a context for the current restructuring debates. We argue that the demise of the IS model was primarily due to narrow domestic markets, heavy imports

Robert Pollin; Diana Alarcon

1988-01-01

53

International Comparison of Crisis Management Policies: For theories of economic policies for crisis response (Japanese)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the details and characteristics of disclosures of crisis management scenarios and simulations of countries and regions based on some of the information collected in research activities for a project on constructing a new macroeconomic model and identifying the right economic policies to take in times of crisis. The paper also identifies some of the implications to Japan's

KOBAYASHI Keiichiro; OSAWA Jun; YAOITA Shumpei; KIKUCHI Yona; JIBIKI Yasuhito; ITO Koutaro; OGURI Yusuke; HARADA Tomoyo

2008-01-01

54

World Economic Outlook (WEO): 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) released the May 1999 issue of the World Economic Outlook, a biannual assessment of the world economic situation. Overall, the IMF predicts a few years of slow growth, but no dramatic global recession. The full text of the 255-page report is available in .pdf format in six parts at the IMF site. Users can also access the WEO Database, which contains data in nine categories in comma delimited, .csv text file format. Explanatory notes on each data set and tips on viewing and saving data tables are provided.

55

Analysis of strategic faults in distribution adjustment of Chinese state-own corporation reforming under influence of world wide economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

With continuous increase of the Gini coefficient to polarization, Beijing is facing critical challenges in both political and economical aspects. Although Chinese government has always expressed wishes to achieve ldquoprosperity in commonrdquo, things have gone contrary to current statistical severe wealth polarization, which is the result of improper system transition path. Deepening the reform of income distribution system for rapid

Sui Shou-xin; Sang Bai-chuan; Xu Zi-jian

2009-01-01

56

Pulp and paper demand deteriorates as global economic crisis ...  

Treesearch

... Fire and Aviation, International Forestry, Just for Kids, Maps and Brochures, Passes ... Negative impacts of the economic crisis on importers of Russia's timber ... marketing, market surveys, statistics, commerce, paperboard industry, supply, ...

57

The Economic Crisis and its Humanitarian Impact on Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The economic crisis that continues to affect countries across the world has taken a hard toll on humanitarian organizations in Europe. In October 2009, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released this 20-page report on just that subject. The report looks at 52 countries across the region (including several in Central Asia), and it is primarily focused on presenting findings from long-form interviews, rather than large statistical data sets. The report has some troubling findings, including the observation that "there seems to be an increasing trend of insecurity, leading to increases in mental health problems, alcohol and substance abuse, social isolation and generalized stress." Visitors will appreciate the fact that the report draws on a number of case studies and the first-hand observations of social service providers and administrators.

58

Rhetorics of Regulation in Education after the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Economic crises such as those of 1929, 1973 and 2008 appear to associate with shifts in the rhetorics of management. These dates mark the end of expansionary phases within an economic cycle, and they portend what James O'Connor has called a "fiscal crisis of the state". It is argued, speculatively, that immediately before and after an economic

Hartley, David

2010-01-01

59

Rhetorics of Regulation in Education after the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic crises such as those of 1929, 1973 and 2008 appear to associate with shifts in the rhetorics of management. These dates mark the end of expansionary phases within an economic cycle, and they portend what James O'Connor has called a "fiscal crisis of the state". It is argued, speculatively, that immediately before and after an economic

Hartley, David

2010-01-01

60

Succesful Companies' Immunization to Global Economic Crisis: Understanding Strategic Role of NGOs  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most important secrets of succesful companies is the fact that cooperation with NGOs will create a good reputation for them so that they can be immunized to economic crisis. The performance of the most admired companies in the world based on the ratings of Forbes and Fortune show us that most of these firms also have close

Suleyman Gokhan Gunay; Gulsevim Yumuk Gunay

2009-01-01

61

World Health Organization: Health Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organization (WHO) has created this site to provide the general public with high-quality information about their various research initiatives and reports related to the field of health economics. Given the nature of the WHO's mission, the work focuses on key challenges facing global health financing, with particular attention paid to healthcare systems in the developing world. The materials here include a nice fact sheet that provides a global overview of current spending on health care, along with links to related sites that deal with health financing policy and national healthcare systems. In the "Related Links" area, visitors can browse on over to a specialized site dedicated to the health economics of the European Union.

62

The Crisis of Economic Theory in the Middle of the Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keynesian economics has lost much of its effectiveness as a paradigm of world capitalism as a whole, or as a paradigm of individual developed capitalist economies. The decline of the United States as a hegemonic power capable of imposing its will over others has seen to the erosion of the relevance of the Keynesian doctrine on the global scale. The

Silvia M?RGINEAN; Roberta Mihaela STANEF; Alina ?tefania CRE?U

2011-01-01

63

Reconstructing Economics in Light of the 2007-? Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lessons learned from the recent financial crisis should significantly reshape the economics profession's thinking, including, importantly, what we teach our students. Five such lessons are that we live in a monetary economy and therefore aggregate demand and policies that affect aggregate demand are determinants of real economic outcomes; that…

Friedman, Benjamin M.

2010-01-01

64

Reconstructing Economics in Light of the 2007-? Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lessons learned from the recent financial crisis should significantly reshape the economics profession's thinking, including, importantly, what we teach our students. Five such lessons are that we live in a monetary economy and therefore aggregate demand and policies that affect aggregate demand are determinants of real economic outcomes;…

Friedman, Benjamin M.

2010-01-01

65

INVESTMENT STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION IN THE CONTEXT OF ECONOMIC CRISIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scope of this article is the evolution analysis of net investment in Romania between economic growth and international economic crisis. The analysis captures both the evolution of net investment by structure elements (buildings, outfits, other investments) and the structure and evolution of investments by sources of financing. Also there is an analysis of the foreign direct investment (FDI) share

CODAU CIPRIAN-CRACIUN

2011-01-01

66

Economics of export taxation in a context of food crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to assess the rationales for the use of export taxes, in particular in the context of a food crisis. First, we summarize the effects of export taxes using both partial and general equilibrium theoretical models. When large countries have an objective of constant food domestic prices, in the event of an increase in world agricultural prices the

Antoine Bouet; David Laborde Debucquet

2010-01-01

67

University Presidential Rhetoric and the 2008-2009 Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a study of Association of American Universities university presidents' public communications in response to the 2008-2009 economic crisis. The authors present findings from a thematic analysis of 111 letters. The authors highlighted 22 themes and present them within three major categories: factors external to the university;…

Vitullo, Elizabeth; Johnson, Jason

2010-01-01

68

University presidential rhetoric and the 2008–2009 economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study of Association of American Universities university presidents' public communications in response to the 2008–2009 economic crisis. The authors present findings from a thematic analysis of 111 letters. The authors highlighted 22 themes and present them within three major categories: factors external to the university; factors reflecting the internal workings of the university; and the

Elizabeth Vitullo; Jason Johnson

2010-01-01

69

Fischer correspondence principle of equilibrium thermodynamics and economics. Debt crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The law of correspondence between economics and the Irving Fischer thermodynamics is extended by including the notions of\\u000a fluid and the Zeno line in thermodynamics. The moment of a debt crisis corresponds to the point of limit negative pressure.

V. P. Maslov

2011-01-01

70

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on the Indian Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sub-prime crisis that started in 2007 and limited to the US economy has created systemic problem throughout the global financial system following the collapse of a big investment bank. The real economic impact of this financial turmoil is expected to be very large. It has been officially stated that developed economies such as the US and the European Union

N. R. Bhanumurthy

2009-01-01

71

Economic Leverage and the North Korean Nuclear Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Almost a decade ago, as the last nuclear crisis with North Korea was reaching a peak, I concluded the following about the potential utility of economic sanctions: The debate over US policy toward North Korea boils down to one deceptively simple question: what does Kim Il-sung want? No one can be sure of the answer and different interpretations have quite

Kimberly Ann Elliott

2003-01-01

72

The Current Economic Crisis: Causes, Cures and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis has brought about an economic recession which is more severe and widespread than any decline in production in the past 50 years. In the USA and Europe the decline in production over the entire economy was, however, much less than during the Great Depression of the 1930s. Only in manufacturing has the decline in some quarters of

Karl Aiginger

2009-01-01

73

Economic Crisis and Recovery in El Salvador, 1978-1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper begins by briefly tracing the dimensions of El Salvador's economic crisis; discussing the domestic and external factors that made the decline in per capita GDP the second most severe in the region (after Nicaragua's); and examining the policy m...

C. Zuvekas

1993-01-01

74

The Impact of the Global Economic Crisis on Cambodia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We numerically examine the impact of the global economic crisis on the Cambodian garment exports as well as its economy by using the conventional CGE model. A seminal aspect of the paper is that we have successfully estimated the curvature of the CET and CES production functions for the Cambodian economy, by using the time series regression method. One of

Pisey Khin; Ryuta Ray Kato

2010-01-01

75

The impacts of economic crisis on green consumption in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is aimed to analyze how Taiwanese consumer attitudes and behavior towards green products would change due to the ongoing economic crisis of 2008. From the survey results, we found about 70 percent of respondents know about green consumerism and eco-labeling system. About 80 percent of respondents have an attitude and belief that one can positively influence environmental quality

Yau-Yuh Tsay

2009-01-01

76

The Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Older Population  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effects of the 2007-2009 recession on the population age 55 and older. Households in and near retirement have suffered sizeable losses in assets as a result of the economic crisis. There are a number of ways in which households might respond: reduce spending and with that increase saving, work longer, and\\/or bequeath less. Using longitudinal data from

Michael D. Hurd; Susann Rohwedder

2010-01-01

77

Economic Crisis and Asean States' Security.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the late 20th century, no region of the world has been more successful in improving the standard of living of its populations than the Asia-Pacific. If national security is in large part a function of national well- being, then East Asia has enjoyed an...

S. W. Simon

1998-01-01

78

World financial crisis and the rise of Chinese commercial banks: an efficiency analysis using DEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current financial crisis has hit the banking giants of the world really hard. It is striking to note that some of the large Chinese commercial banks have emerged to be the biggest winners as a result of the crisis, thanks to reforms over the past 10 years. The most significant reform before the crisis was ownership diversification, aiming to

Dan Luo; Shujie Yao

2010-01-01

79

Impact of the Economic Crisis and Increase in Food Prices on Child Mortality: Exploring Nutritional Pathways1–3  

PubMed Central

The current economic crisis and food price increase may have a widespread impact on the nutritional and health status of populations, especially in the developing world. Gains in child survival over the past few decades are likely to be threatened and millennium development goals will be harder to achieve. Beyond starvation, which is one of the causes of death in famine situations, there are numerous nutritional pathways by which childhood mortality can increase. These include increases in childhood wasting and stunting, intrauterine growth restriction, and micronutrient deficiencies such as that of vitamin A, iron, and zinc when faced with a food crisis and decreased food availability. These pathways are elucidated and described. Although estimates of the impact of the current crisis on child mortality are yet to be made, data from previous economic crises provide evidence of an increase in childhood mortality that we review. The current situation also emphasizes that there are vast segments of the world's population living in a situation of chronic food insecurity that are likely to be disproportionately affected by an economic crisis. Nutritional and health surveillance data are urgently needed in such populations to monitor both the impacts of a crisis and of interventions. Addressing the nutritional needs of children and women in response to the present crisis is urgent. But, ensuring that vulnerable populations are also targeted with known nutritional interventions at all times is likely to have a substantial impact on child mortality.

Christian, Parul

2010-01-01

80

Cold hearths and barren slopes: The woodfuel crisis in the Third World  

SciTech Connect

With depleting forests and rapidly shrinking supplies of firewood and charcoal, a vast section of the Third World population, still dependent primarily and often solely on such woodfuels for its domestic energy, is facing a crisis. Drawing upon evidence from across Asia, Africa and parts of Latin America, Dr. Bina Agarwal analyses the scale of this other energy crisis, its complex causes, its consequences, and the solutions being offered for its alleviation. Most attempts by governments and international agencies to promote afforestation and improved woodburning stoves as solutions, are found to have had little success. In particular, they seldom reach and benefit the rural poor who are the principal sufferers. Why have these efforts failed. The socio-economic inequalities and poverty that characterize most Third World societies, impinge both on the causes of the crisis and on the effectiveness of schemes to alleviate it. Class and gender biases usually underlie such schemes, which are also typified by a tip-down method of planning and implementation.

Agarwal, B.

1986-01-01

81

Competitive market for multiple firms and economic crisis.  

PubMed

The origin of economic crises is a key problem for economics. We present a model of long-run competitive markets to show that the multiplicity of behaviors in an economic system, over a long time scale, emerge as statistical regularities (perfectly competitive markets obey Bose-Einstein statistics and purely monopolistic-competitive markets obey Boltzmann statistics) and that how interaction among firms influences the evolutionary of competitive markets. It has been widely accepted that perfect competition is most efficient. Our study shows that the perfectly competitive system, as an extreme case of competitive markets, is most efficient but not stable, and gives rise to economic crises as society reaches full employment. In the economic crisis revealed by our model, many firms condense (collapse) into the lowest supply level (zero supply, namely, bankruptcy status), in analogy to Bose-Einstein condensation. This curious phenomenon arises because perfect competition (homogeneous competitions) equals symmetric (indistinguishable) investment direction, a fact abhorred by nature. Therefore, we urge the promotion of monopolistic competition (heterogeneous competitions) rather than perfect competition. To provide early warning of economic crises, we introduce a resolving index of investment, which approaches zero in the run-up to an economic crisis. On the other hand, our model discloses, as a profound conclusion, that the technological level for a long-run social or economic system is proportional to the freedom (disorder) of this system; in other words, technology equals the entropy of system. As an application of this concept, we give a possible answer to the Needham question: "Why was it that despite the immense achievements of traditional China it had been in Europe and not in China that the scientific and industrial revolutions occurred?" PMID:21230150

Tao, Yong

2010-09-28

82

Competitive market for multiple firms and economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The origin of economic crises is a key problem for economics. We present a model of long-run competitive markets to show that the multiplicity of behaviors in an economic system, over a long time scale, emerge as statistical regularities (perfectly competitive markets obey Bose-Einstein statistics and purely monopolistic-competitive markets obey Boltzmann statistics) and that how interaction among firms influences the evolutionary of competitive markets. It has been widely accepted that perfect competition is most efficient. Our study shows that the perfectly competitive system, as an extreme case of competitive markets, is most efficient but not stable, and gives rise to economic crises as society reaches full employment. In the economic crisis revealed by our model, many firms condense (collapse) into the lowest supply level (zero supply, namely, bankruptcy status), in analogy to Bose-Einstein condensation. This curious phenomenon arises because perfect competition (homogeneous competitions) equals symmetric (indistinguishable) investment direction, a fact abhorred by nature. Therefore, we urge the promotion of monopolistic competition (heterogeneous competitions) rather than perfect competition. To provide early warning of economic crises, we introduce a resolving index of investment, which approaches zero in the run-up to an economic crisis. On the other hand, our model discloses, as a profound conclusion, that the technological level for a long-run social or economic system is proportional to the freedom (disorder) of this system; in other words, technology equals the entropy of system. As an application of this concept, we give a possible answer to the Needham question: “Why was it that despite the immense achievements of traditional China it had been in Europe and not in China that the scientific and industrial revolutions occurred?”

Tao, Yong

2010-09-01

83

Stock markets and criticality in the current economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the current economic crisis has led the market to exhibit a non-critical behavior. We do so by analyzing the quantitative parameters of time series from the main assets of the Brazilian Stock Market BOVESPA. By monitoring global persistence we show a deviation of power law behavior during the crisis in a strong analogy with spin systems (from where this concept was originally conceived). Such behavior is corroborated by an emergent heavy tail of absolute return distribution and also by the magnitude autocorrelation exponent. Comparisons with universal exponents obtained in the international stock markets are also performed. This suggests how a thorough analysis of suitable exponents can bring a possible way of forecasting market crises characterized by non-criticality.

da Silva, Roberto; Zembrzuski, Marcelo; Correa, Fabio C.; Lamb, Luis C.

2010-12-01

84

Impact of the Venezuelan economic crisis on wild populations of animals and plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the relatively well-defined starting date of Venezuela's current economic crisis (early 1983), it provides an ideal model for exploring the effect of worsening economic conditions on biodiversity use. I focus on changing harvest intensities of wood, wildlife and fish, by comparing harvest patterns prior to and after the onset of the economic crisis (pre- and post-1983). Specifically, I

Jon Paul Rodr??guez

2000-01-01

85

The Economic Crisis, A Vector of Corporate Governance`s Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global economic crisis is a nowadays problem, settled since 2007, the United States of America and extending worldwide since anul2008. This things has got the economy going unprepared. Therefore solutions must be found embedded in the current international economic context, especially in terms of financial accounting regulations. The literature on the global economic crisis field is not yet

Mihaela DUMITRASCU

2011-01-01

86

World economics for mankind's frontier  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Acta Astronautica, Vol. 56, No. 5, March 2006, at ISSN0094-5765 there appears the article entitled “Will space actually be the Final Frontier of humankind?” written by Giancarlo Genta, and Michael Rycroft. This Acta Astronautica article requires amplification on the economic side. The writer of this article was personally present at the Apollo 11th launchings for the first landing on

Edward R. Finch Jr.

2007-01-01

87

World economics for mankind's frontier  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Acta Astronautica, Vol. 56, No. 5, March 2006, at ISSN0094-5765 there appears the article entitled ``Will space actually be the Final Frontier of humankind?'' written by Giancarlo Genta, and Michael Rycroft. This Acta Astronautica article requires amplification on the economic side. The writer of this article was personally present at the Apollo 11th launchings for the first landing on

Edward R. Finch

2007-01-01

88

Proactive Communication in a Crisis-Driven World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Administrators can prepare for crisis situations by conducting safety assessments at all schools and district facilities, involving community resources, updating district and school discipline and crisis-communication plans, establishing a crisis-intervention team, providing staff training, establishing "suspicious behavior" reporting procedures,…

Kleinz, Karen H.

1999-01-01

89

Peace Corps and the Third-World forestry crisis  

SciTech Connect

Forests provide the primary source of food, animal fodder, energy and shelter in much of the Third World. However, forests are being depleted in the Third World at a much faster rate than they are being replanted. The Peace Corps is one of very few agencies providing forestry assistance to developing countries. Basic forestry techniques are being taught, and the economic sense which underlies sound forest management is used as the incentive to change forestry practice in these countries. The social and cultural problems which affect this transfer of knowledge are discussed.

DePasse, D.B.

1985-07-01

90

World economics for mankind's frontier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Acta Astronautica, Vol. 56, No. 5, March 2006, at ISSN0094-5765 there appears the article entitled “Will space actually be the Final Frontier of humankind?” written by Giancarlo Genta, and Michael Rycroft. This Acta Astronautica article requires amplification on the economic side. The writer of this article was personally present at the Apollo 11th launchings for the first landing on the Moon, by Buzz Aldrin and others. The Apollo 11 take off to the Moon, from Cape Carnival, did not leave the situation “so humankind seems forever to be bound to its own planet!” There was nothing pessimistic about the launch of Apollo 11. It is written that there was a lack of vision at that time, which is also not correct. The ‘Final Frontier’ myth was never mentioned on that occasion. At Apollo 11 we did take planet earth's “first faltering step for mankind” on the path towards a space faring civilization, exactly as these two authors later correctly mention. Now with the US Presidential initiatives “Moon, Mars and Beyond,” the authors suggested that it “will depend on social, political and economic issues rather than technological and scientific ones.” This Academy Note respectfully submits that all of these factors social, political and economic issues, plus psychological and scientific ones, instead of, “rather than technical and scientific ones” are going to be the determining factors of the speed of progress of the exploration of the entire universe, and particularly the sun in our Milky Way Galaxy. Russia and Ukraine are now on same, deep-space policy directions. The attention of the readers of this Academy Note is called to the current “Cosmic Collision” excellent presentation at the Hayden Planetarium, located at the Museum of National History in the City of New York. It shows the past, the present and the future of international humankind in exploring space and the creation of the universe, with particular reference to the protons of our sun, for our Milky Way Galaxy.

Finch, Edward R.

2007-04-01

91

Economic crisis and smoking behaviour: prospective cohort study in Iceland  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the associations between the 2008 economic collapse in Iceland and smoking behaviour at the national and individual levels. Design A population-based, prospective cohort study based on a mail survey (Health and Wellbeing in Iceland) assessed in 2007 and 2009. Setting National mail survey. Participants Representative cohort (n=3755) of Icelandic adults. Main outcome measure Smoking status. Results A significant reduction in the prevalence of smoking was observed from 2007 (pre-economic collapse) to 2009 (postcollapse) in both males (17.4–14.8%; p 0.01) and females (20.0–17.5%; p 0.01) in the cohort (n=3755). At the individual level of analysis, male former smokers experiencing a reduction in income during the same period were less likely to relapse (OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.16 to 0.85). Female smokers were less likely to quit over time compared to males (OR 0.65; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.93). Among male former smokers who experienced an increase in income between 2007 and 2009, we observed an elevated risk of smoking relapse (OR 4.02; 95% CI 1.15 to 14.00). Conclusions The national prevalence of smoking in Iceland declined following the 2008 economic crisis. This could be due to the procyclical relationship between macro-economic conditions and smoking behaviour (ie, hard times lead to less smoking because of lower affordability), or it may simply reflect a continuation of trends already in place prior to the crisis. In individual-level analysis, we find that former smokers who experienced a decline in income were less likely to relapse; and conversely, an increase in income raises the risk. However, caution is warranted since these findings are based on small numbers.

McClure, Christopher Bruce; Valdimarsdottir, Unnur A; Hauksdottir, Arna; Kawachi, Ichiro

2012-01-01

92

Crisis Speeches Delivered during World War II: A Historical and Rhetorical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rhetorical analyses of speeches made by United States presidents and world leaders abound, particularly studies about addresses to nations in times of crisis. These are important because what presidents say amidst uncertainty and chaos defines their leadership in the eyes of the public. But with new forms of crisis rhetoric, our understanding of…

Ramos, Tomas E.

2010-01-01

93

The Global Financial Crisis, LDC Exports and Welfare: Analysis with a World Trade Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in international trade flows and world prices are major channels through which the global financial crisis will hit developing countries. The recession in the ‘global North’ triggered by the financial crisis and the resulting slowdown of growth in China and other major emerging economies will generate declines in demand for exports from developing countries, along with a reversal of

Dirk Willenbockel; Sherman Robinson

2009-01-01

94

The Global Financial Crisis and the Arab World: Impact, Reactions and Consequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much has been written on the impact of the global financial crisis on Europe, Asia and the Americas but only little on the Arab states. This article makes an early attempt to take stock of recent developments in the Arab world and offers a systematic approach to disentangle the various inter-linkages and effects of the crisis on the region. It

Juliane Brach; Markus Loewe

2010-01-01

95

The Economic Crisis and Other Challenges in Accessing Science and Technological Information in Asia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses access to scientific and technical information in Asia. The first section considers the economic crisis, including the growth in information service as a major indicator of the success or failure of the economies of developing countries. Libraries' response to the economic crisis is addressed in the second section, including…

Stueart, Robert D.

96

Asian economic crisis and the long-term global food situation  

Microsoft Academic Search

After two decades of rapid economic growth, several East and Southeast Asian economies entered a period of serious economic and financial crisis in 1997. This paper explores the impacts of this crisis on global food supply, demand, and trade and food prices under alternative scenarios to 2020 using IFPRI's IMPACT global food model. The role of Asia as a major

Mark W. Rosegrant; Claudia Ringler

2000-01-01

97

The Economic Consequences of the Iraqi Crisis on the Mashreq Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the economic consequences of the Iraqi crisis on the Mashreq countries. The first part analyses the economic fruits reaped by these countries from the Iraqi crisis through a sharp increase in both the scale of trade with Iraq and oil revenues. The second part deals with the effects of the end of Saddam Hussein's regime on the

Onn Winckler

2006-01-01

98

Dealing with the Debt Crisis: A World Bank Symposium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proceedings include the following: The extent and causes of the debt crisis of the 1980s; The external debt difficulties of low-income Africa; Dealing with debt: the 1930s and the 1980s; Fiscal adjustment and deficit financing during the debt crisis; ...

I. Husain I. Diwan

1989-01-01

99

The Global Economic Crisis and Scenarios for Postcrisis Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implications of modern Marxist theory reveal the inevitability, the causes, and the main features of the first global crisis of the twenty-first century. The crisis has been generated by deregulation of economyâwhich caused the \\

A. Buzgalin; A. Kolganov

2009-01-01

100

The New Global Crisis Makers: Economic Intervention and the Loss of Strategic Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “crisis exaggerators” are telling us that current economic conditions amount to an “unprecedented” global economic recession. This is historically incorrect. What is unprecedented is the degree to which economic commentators and political leaders are talking up economic downturn. What is their agenda? Could it be an attempt to prepare the way for an “unprecedented” degree of government intervention in

Graeme Donald Snooks

2009-01-01

101

Global Financial\\/Economic Crisis and Tourist Arrival Forecasts for Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the impact of the global financial\\/economic crisis on the demand for Hong Kong tourism by residents of 10 major source markets for the period 2009–2012. To capture the influence of this crisis, the Autoregressive Distributed Lag Model (ADLM) is used to calculate the demand elasticities, and four scenarios (ranging from the most pessimistic to the most optimistic)

Haiyan Song; Shanshan Lin; Xinyan Zhang; Zixuan Gao

2010-01-01

102

Financial Crisis, Economic Recovery and Banking Development in Former Soviet Union Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Paper explains both the onset of the financial crisis in 1998 and the striking economic recovery afterwards in Russia and other Former Soviet Union (FSU) economies. Before the crisis banks do not lend to the real sector of the economy, and firms use non-bank finance - including trade credits and barter trade - to finance production. The banking failure

Haizhou Huang; Dalia Marin; Cheng-Gang Xu

2003-01-01

103

Financial Crisis, Economic Recovery and Banking Development in Former Soviet Union Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a unified theory to explain the onset of the financial crisis in 1998 and the striking economic recovery in Russia and the former Soviet Union afterwards. Before the crisis, the banking sector in these economies was stuck in a development trap in which the banking sector is separated from the real sector of the economy. The separation

Dalia Marin; Haizhou Huang; Chenggang Xu

2002-01-01

104

Financial Crisis, Economic Recovery and Banking Development in Former Soviet Union Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains both the onset of the financial crisis in 1998 and the striking economic recovery afterwards in Russia and other Former Soviet Union (FSU) economies. Before the crisis banks do not lend to the real sector of the economy and firms use non-bank finance, including trade credits and barter trade, to finance production. The banking failure arises due

Haizhou Huang; Dalia Marin; Chenggang Xu

2003-01-01

105

Financial Crisis, Economic Recovery, and Banking Development in Russia, Ukraine and Other FSU Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a unified analysis for the onset of the 1998 financial crisis and the strong economic recovery afterward in Russia and other former Soviet Union countries. Before the crisis a banking failure arose owing to the coexistence of a lemons credit market and high government borrowing. In a lemons credit market low credit risk firms switched from bank

Haizhou Huang; Dalia Marin; Chenggang Xu

2004-01-01

106

Similar but different: Health and economic crisis in 1990s Cuba and Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collapse of the Soviet Bloc caused devastating economic crises in Cuba and in the Russian Federation but triggered remarkably different public health responses: while mortality rates in Russia increased substantially the crisis was barely visible in Cuban public health statistics. Fundamental social, political and cultural differences in the two countries and the respective specificities of the crisis in either

Iris Borowy

2011-01-01

107

Deforestation and Land Use Changes Induced by the East Asian Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

East Asia is one of the most important areas of tropical forests worldwide. Considerable concern has arisen that the East Asian economic crisis would result in a further worsening of the already high pressures experienced by the region’s forests. This report examines the available evidence on the impacts of the crisis on deforestation and land use in the affected countries.

Stefano Pagiola

2004-01-01

108

Between two worlds: The psychospiritual crisis of a dying adolescent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary.Clinical social workers are ill?prepared by education or practice experience to deal with spiritual issues, in particular those surrounding the death of a young client. This paper presents a case study of the work of a clinical social worker through the psychospiritual crisis of the dying and death of her adolescent client. The study employs extensive clinical material to trace

Barbara Peo Early

1998-01-01

109

The World Economy in Crisis The Return of Keynesianism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The International Lender of Last Resort (ILLR), in the IMF's body, and the Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism (SDRM) of Anne Krueger have been given up, despite the seniority of the former and the successful design of the latter. Instead, the Collective Action Clauses (CACs) have been chosen as the only way to settle a sovereign debt crisis, in spite of

Claire Barraud

110

Risk perception and the economic crisis: a longitudinal study of the trajectory of perceived risk.  

PubMed

We conducted a longitudinal survey of public response to the economic crisis to understand the trajectory of risk perception amidst an ongoing crisis. A nation-wide panel responded to seven surveys beginning in late September 2008 at the peak of the crisis and concluded in October 2009. At least 600 respondents participated in each survey, with 413 completing all seven surveys. Our online survey focused on perceptions of risk (savings, investments, retirement, job), negative emotions toward the financial crisis (sadness, anxiety, fear, anger, worry, stress), confidence in national leaders to manage the crisis (President Obama, Congress, Treasury Secretary, business leaders), and belief in one's ability to realize personal objectives despite the crisis. We employed latent growth curve modeling to analyze change in risk perception throughout the crisis. Our results suggest that, in general, people's perceptions of risk appear to decrease most rapidly during the initial phase of a crisis and then begin to level off. Negative emotion about the crisis was the most predictive of increased risk perception, supporting the notion of risk as feelings. Belief in one's ability to realize personal objectives was also predictive. Confidence in national leaders, however, was not predictive of perceived risk. Finally, our results demonstrate that groups may experience a crisis differently depending on a combination of personal characteristics such as gender, income, numeracy, and political attitude. Risk management and communication should work in sync with these mechanisms and differences across groups. PMID:22150242

Burns, William J; Peters, Ellen; Slovic, Paul

2011-12-09

111

The Economic Crisis Hits Home: The Unfolding Increase in Child & Youth Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While the economic downturn has appropriately become the top priority of policy makers, one element of the crisis has gone largely unnoticed: its impact on children and youth. Largely due to the economic and housing crises, many school districts across the country report increases in the number of homeless students in the classroom. "The Economic

Duffield, Barbara; Lovell, Phillip

2008-01-01

112

Economic hardship, religion and mental health during the midwestern farm crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Macro-level economic decline is usually assumed to affect the mental health of individuals but the process by which this occurs and factors that moderate are still not well understood. This study builds from three bodies of literature to address how economic hardship, religion and psychosocial variables affect mental health outcomes in the context of widespread economic crisis in the farm

Katherine Meyer; Linda Lobao

2003-01-01

113

Globalization and World financial Turmoil - A Test for Israel's Economic Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World financial turmoil,that beset emerging economies during much of 1997 and culminated after the Russian crisis in the second half of 1998,presents an interesting test case for economic policy in an open economy.Israel's policy response was radical,and -with the benefit of hindsight -successful in maintaining and reinforcing stability,when the odds of many emerging economies,such as Israel,were clearly at risk.Indeed

Daniel Gottlieb

2000-01-01

114

The Effect of an Economic Crisis on Educational Outcomes: An Economic Framework and Review of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article first provides an economic framework for understanding how an economic crisis affects children's educational outcomes; this framework shows that there are both negative (harmful) effects and positive (beneficial) effects on educational outcomes. A review of the empirical evidence suggests that the negative effects are typically…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

115

World Financial Crisis and Efficiency of Chinese Commercial Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe US credit crunch generated substantial turmoil in the global financial markets and directly caused the collapse of several world banking giants. Nonetheless, Chinese commercial banks, decoupled from the rest of the world, achieved remarkable results because of their risk?averse nature and banking reform during the past 10 years. To improve corporate governance and efficiency, the latest reform was focused

Dan Luo; Shujie Yao; Jian Chen; Jianling Wang

2011-01-01

116

Global economic restructuring and the world of labor in Brazil: the challenges to trade unions and social movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis and challenges faced by labor, including the trade unions and social movements have proportions not yet fully understood. The repercussions, owing to globalization, also reached Third World countries, especially intermediate countries that hold important industrial estates such as Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, etc. Brazil is part of an economic, social, political and cultural context which has universal traces of

Ricardo Antunes

2001-01-01

117

Euro Area Crisis Dampens Global Growth. Medium-term Forecast of the World Economy Until 2016  

Microsoft Academic Search

The forecast of the world economy until 2016 is based on a global econometric model (Oxford Model). The forecast rests on the assumption that the uncertainty with respect to the solution of the interest rate and debt crisis in the euro area will persist for some time. Therefore, the euro's exchange rate vis-à-vis the dollar is expected to weaken slightly

Stephan Schulmeister

2012-01-01

118

Limits of Policy Intervention in a World of Neoliberal Mechanism Designs: Paradoxes of the Global Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global context poses several paradoxes: the recovery from the 2009 recession was not a recovery; investment, normally driven by profit rates, is lagging and not leading economic activity; the crisis is global but debate involves sub-global levels; and public safety-nets, which have helped to stabilize national income, are being cut. These paradoxes can be traced, in part, to

Gary A. Dymski

2011-01-01

119

Managing More than the Money: Superintendents' Perceptions of Their Leadership during Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on the process and effects of school budget development by superintendents during the current economic crisis is limited. This study sought to determine the job satisfaction, efficacy, and longevity of school superintendents during economic crises. Using data from an original survey instrument TRIPLEM (Managing More than the Money…

Taibi-Lewis, Constance

2011-01-01

120

"Doing Gender," Ensuring Survival: Mexican Migration and Economic Crisis in the Rural Mountain West  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article draws on ethnographic research to explore the impacts of the current economic crisis on Mexican migrant families in rural Montana. It looks specifically at the ways rural families negotiate gender roles and expectations as they devise survival strategies in response to major economic shifts. My analysis suggests that traditional…

Schmalzbauer, Leah

2011-01-01

121

Euro Area Debt Crisis Weighing Increasingly on Domestic Activity. Economic Outlook for 2012 and 2013  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic policy in the euro area is confronted with major challenges. Against this background it is extremely difficult to project international and domestic economic developments. The present forecast is based on highly benign assumptions concerning the resolution of the current crisis. Subject to these assumptions, Austria's GDP should grow by 0.6 percent this year and by 1.3 percent in 2013,

Marcus Scheiblecker

2012-01-01

122

Sectoral and welfare effects of the global economic crisis on Uganda: a recursive dynamic CGE analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on Uganda notably on macro-economic aggregates, sectoral output and household welfare, and the potential role of fiscal policy and reform in mitigating the impacts. We find that second round effects from a reduction in financial inflows such as remittances, foreign direct investments and overseas development assistance, as well

Evarist P. Twimukye; John Mary Matovu; Sebastian Levine; Patrick Birungi

2010-01-01

123

Prevailing During the Periods of Economical Crisis and Recession through Business Model Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a consensus among economists on the measures to be taken in economical means during an economic recession and crisis. In this context, these measures include establishing and managing capital structure in a way to cover costs of long term losses and expensive loan payments, avoiding borrowing to finance the losses, being cautious on the use of long-term bank

Ahmet Ucaktürk; Mustafa Bekmezci; Tülay Ucaktürk

2011-01-01

124

Slowdown in World Economy Dampens Economic Activity in Austria  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a growth rate of 3.3 percent, Austria's economy performed well in 1998. The driving force of the economic upswing in the first half of the year was the boom in exports; in the early fall, however, export growth weakened considerably as a result of the international financial crisis. Even though consumer spending picked up markedly in the course of

Marcus Scheiblecker

1999-01-01

125

The Crisis of Economic Theory and a New Approach to the Crisis of Regulation in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Paper Is Divided Into Two Parts. in the First Part, We Demonstrate That the General Equilibrium Theory Explains the Crisis As Deviations From Equilibrium. the Two Main Causes of These Deviations Are Uncertainty and Erratic State Intervention. the Return to Equilibrium Is Guaranteed by Effcient Markets and the Theoretical Solution for Efficiency Is the Rational Expectation Hypothesis. Self-Regulation (Or

A. Errouaki; J. G. Loranger

1984-01-01

126

Mutual funds in the context of current economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a theoretical approach of managing open-ended investment funds (mutual funds) in the current crisis. This concerns the organization and operation of a mutual fund, the investment decision in the environment and certainly uncertain direction and placement of funds by mutual funds investments conceptualization. This approach, knowledge and use of concepts related to open-ended investment funds, is especially

Marin Dumitru; Dumitru Nica; Brindusa Covaci; Cristinel Claudiu Cocosatu

2009-01-01

127

The Economic Crisis and Organized Labor: Resentment over Solidarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The onset of the Great Recession raised hopes among union supporters that organized labor would be able to use the downturn to gain greater political influence and new members. But despite Democratic Party victories in 2008, unions found it quite difficult to take advantage of the crisis. No revival of union organizing occurred, and membership continued to decline. Moreover, unions

Taylor E. Dark III

2011-01-01

128

Systems Thinking in the Management of Korean Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the unanticipated financial crisis of Korea in 1997, lots of debates have been held on why and how it came upon. Most of debates including hearings of National Assembly focused their attention on why policy makers could not forecast and avoid the financial cirsis. No one, if any, asks whether or not there were systems thinking in the mind

Dong-Hwan Kim; Naeri Daeduck-Myun

129

Energy crisis and SPS for third world future  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The benefits that the third world may reap in various areas from the development of satellite technology, including Solar Power Satellites (SPS), are examined. The areas considered include disaster warning, environmental monitoring, agriculture, education, communications, resource surveying, medicine, new materials, and energy development.

Mayur, Rashmi

130

The demographic response to economic crisis in historical and contemporary populations.  

PubMed

A review of the impact of economic fluctuations on demographic factors suggests remarkable similarities between the pre-20th century experience of European populations and the current experience of poor developing countries. Studies of pre-industrial European population consistently show a negative association of both nuptiality and marital fertility with grain prices and a positive mortality-price association in time of economic crisis. Mortality generally remains elevated for at least 2 years after the crisis, while fertility is lowest in the year following the crisis and then rebounds to above-normal levels before restabilizing. Recent data on major famines in Bangladesh and China, and on less catastrophic food production short falls or price increases of relatively brief duration in India, Japan, and Taiwan, allow further analysis of the impact of economic conditions. In all 5 scenarios, the timing effects are consistent with the pre-industrial European pattern. However, when the crisis is exceptionally severe (as in the case of China), the mortality response is more immediate. Overall, as Caldwell and Caldwell have hypothesized, increases in mortality and decreases in fertility are equally responsible for population loss in times of economic crises--although mortality plays a larger role in poorer settings. Even in the case of catastrophic events such as famine, the demographic response to an economic crisis rarely has a qualitatively important impact on population trends. For example, the massive famine of 1959-61 in China represented a loss of only a few years of natural increase. Studies of contemporary developed societies such as the US have produced contradictory findings. It is speculated that the research will eventually uncover a pattern of a decline in fertility and perhaps nuptiality after an economic crisis, but little effect on mortality. PMID:12343055

Lee, R

1990-01-01

131

Japan and the Energy Crisis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The energy crisis in Japan is discussed in terms of market reliance on petroleum imports. Retrospective treatment is given the energy situation as it has existed in the economic milieu since the second World War. The requirements, possibilities, and diffi...

Y. K. Sergeyev

1974-01-01

132

Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy Responses on Children in West and Central Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global financial and economic crisis, which exacerbates the impacts of the energy and food crises that immediately preceded it, has spread to the developing countries endangering recent gains in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. The effects of the crisis are likely to vary substantially between countries and between individuals within the same country. Children are among

John Cockburn; Luca Tiberti; Ismaël Fofana

2010-01-01

133

Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy. Responses on Children in West and Central Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global financial and economic crisis, which exacerbates the impacts of the energy and food crises that immediately preceded it, has spread to the developing countries endangering recent gains in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. The effects of the crisis are likely to vary substantially between countries and between individuals within the same country. Children are among

John Cockburn; Ismaël Fofana; Luca Tiberti

2010-01-01

134

Actions to alleviate the mental health impact of the economic crisis.  

PubMed

The current global economic crisis is expected to produce adverse mental health effects that may increase suicide and alcohol-related death rates in affected countries. In nations with greater social safety nets, the health impacts of the economic downturn may be less pronounced. Research indicates that the mental health impact of the economic crisis can be offset by various policy measures. This paper aims to outline how countries can safeguard and support mental health in times of economic downturn. It indicates that good mental health cannot be achieved by the health sector alone. The determinants of mental health often lie outside of the remits of the health system, and all sectors of society have to be involved in the promotion of mental health. Accessible and responsive primary care services support people at risk and can prevent mental health consequences. Any austerity measures imposed on mental health services need to be geared to support the modernization of mental health care provision. Social welfare supports and active labour market programmes aiming at helping people retain or re-gain jobs can counteract the mental health effects of the economic crisis. Family support programmes can also make a difference. Alcohol pricing and restrictions of alcohol availability reduce alcohol harms and save lives. Support to tackle unmanageable debt will also help to reduce the mental health impact of the crisis. While the current economic crisis may have a major impact on mental health and increase mortality due to suicides and alcohol-related disorders, it is also a window of opportunity to reform mental health care and promote a mentally healthy lifestyle. PMID:23024664

Wahlbeck, Kristian; McDaid, David

2012-10-01

135

Building a World-Class System in Ireland’s Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Irish higher education faces particular difficulties given the severity of its economic crisis. Like other countries, it is engaged in significant system restructuring coupled with managed policy direction. Where Ireland does differ is in its emphasis on a 'whole of country strategy' and commitment that teaching and research go hand-in-hand. This paper looks at the fortunes and mis-fortunes of Irish

Ellen Hazelkorn

2011-01-01

136

Is the world's economic centre of gravity already in Asia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a simple measure of the World's Economic Center of Gravity (WECG) based on national GDP figures and the geographical location of the world's most important cities. This measure makes it pos- sible to characterize the location of economic activity around the globe. It turns out that, over the 1975-2004 period, the WECG has shifted to- wards Asia,

Jean-Marie Grether; Nicole A. Mathys

2010-01-01

137

Is the World's Economic Center of Gravity Already in Asia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a simple measure of the World's Economic Center of Gravity (WECG) based on national GDP figures and the geographical location of the world's most important cities. This measure makes it possible to characterize the location of economic activity around the globe. It turns out that, over the 1975-2004 period, the WECG has shifted towards Asia, and the

Jean-Marie GRETHER; Nicole Mathys

2008-01-01

138

The Economic Progress of American Black Workers in a Period of Crisis and Change, 1916 1950  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first half of the twentieth century was a period of major crisis and change. The Unites States economy experienced unprecedented business cycle activity as the nation faced two world wars and the Great Depression. Strikes were relatively frequent, turnover rates were high, and turbulence and institutional change marked the growth of organized labor. The racial landscape of northern labor

RYAN S. JOHNSON

2004-01-01

139

Research on Development Model and Countermeasure of Bamboo Industry in China on International Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global economy is facing economic crisis at present. And all the industries are face to serious problem relative to their fates. In addition, the bamboo industry in China is not relating to ecological environment construction for low utilization rate of raw materials, high energy consumption and low products extra value. therefore, the development model and countermeasure is urgent to

Peng Wan-xi; Zhang Xu; Zhang Zhong-feng; Wu Yi-qiang; Deng He-ping; Qi Hong-chen

2009-01-01

140

The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Elementary and Secondary Education Funding: Ontario  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Fall 2008, the Ontario government's ability to maintain and enhance a school system was tested as the economy suffered one of its most extreme downturns. This paper discusses the action adopted by the government. The unique measures undertaken by the government to lessen the impact of the economic crisis on students' learning is highlighted.|

Jefferson, Anne L.

2010-01-01

141

From `global city’ to `city of crisis': Jakarta metropolitan region under economic turmoil  

Microsoft Academic Search

By mid-1990s the development of Jakarta Metropolitan Region (JMR) appeared to be heading towards global city status. However, the current economic crisis has largely squeezed the JMR economy which in turn rapidly increased unemployment and poverty incidence in the region. Meanwhile, the capacity of local government to provide urban public service and infrastructure largely declined as the city revenues decreased

Tommy Firman

1999-01-01

142

Travel agency employees' career commitment and turnover intention during the recent global economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and eighty-four travel agency employees in South Korea participated in this study to examine (1) the effect of career commitment (CC) on employee turnover and (2) the moderating effect of job insecurity on the relationship between CC and turnover intention. This study was conducted during the recent global economic crisis and found that the participants of this study

Young-Gook Kim; Soo Kim; Jung-Lim Yoo

2011-01-01

143

Travel agency employees' career commitment and turnover intention during the recent global economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and eighty-four travel agency employees in South Korea participated in this study to examine (1) the effect of career commitment (CC) on employee turnover and (2) the moderating effect of job insecurity on the relationship between CC and turnover intention. This study was conducted during the recent global economic crisis and found that the participants of this study

Young-Gook Kim; Soo Kim; Jung-Lim Yoo

2012-01-01

144

Accelerating and Braking in Times of Economic Crisis: Organisational Learning in a Top Management Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of an industrial company's top management team (TMT) that fought to survive an economic crisis. Specifically, the article seeks to focus on describing the TMT's composition, group processes, and work during a period of high external pressure; analysing the TMT's work in…

Wallo, Andreas; Kock, Henrik; Nilsson, Peter

2012-01-01

145

As the Economic Crisis Hits Home, Colleges Seek Help from Congress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Congress is crafting a second economic-stimulus bill, and the nation's colleges, hit by the deepening fiscal crisis, want a share of the money. Over the last few weeks, colleges and their lobbyists have bombarded members of Congress with letters and phone calls seeking money for research, student aid, and infrastructure. However, Congress is…

Field, Kelly

2008-01-01

146

The Global Economic Crisis and Educational Development: Responses and Coping Strategies in Asia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article critically examines how Asian countries have responded to the global economic crisis which started in late 2008, with particular reference to explore what major coping strategies have been adopted by these Asian governments to continue educational development. This comparative study highlights the significant role of the state in…

Mok, Ka Ho

2010-01-01

147

Accelerating and Braking in Times of Economic Crisis: Organisational Learning in a Top Management Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of an industrial company's top management team (TMT) that fought to survive an economic crisis. Specifically, the article seeks to focus on describing the TMT's composition, group processes, and work during a period of high external pressure; analysing the TMT's work in…

Wallo, Andreas; Kock, Henrik; Nilsson, Peter

2012-01-01

148

Capital Flows and Economic Growth in the Era of Financial Integration and Crisis, 1990-2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the relationship between economic growth and lagged international capital flows, disaggregated into FDI, portfolio investment, equity investment, and short-term debt. We follow about 100 countries during 1990-2010 when emerging markets became more integrated into the international financial system. We look at the relationship both before and after the global crisis. Our study reveals a complex and mixed picture.

Joshua Aizenman; Yothin Jinjarak; Donghyun Park

2011-01-01

149

Relationship-Based Lending and Its Contribution to the East Asian Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1997, efforts to explain the East Asian economic crisis have proliferated with most analyses focusing on government profligacy, weak monetary policy, inadequate regulation of the region's financial services industry, too much speculative borrowing, unsustainable trade imbalances financed with easily withdrawn short-term financing, and both private sector and government corruption. Unfortunately, what has proven especially difficult for analysts and government

Darryl G. Waldron

2004-01-01

150

Recovery of Tourism Demand in Hong Kong From the Global Financial and Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to predict the recovery of the Hong Kong tourism industry from the current global financial and economic crisis. Based on the latest statistics available, this study provides updated forecasts of tourist arrivals to Hong Kong from 10 key source markets over the period 2010–2015. The forecasts include annual and quarterly forecasts of tourist arrivals and the market

Kaye Chon; Gang Li; Shanshan Lin; Zixuan Gao

2010-01-01

151

China's economic recovery and the China model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting with the US subprime crisis, the world has fallen into the most severe economic crisis since the Great Depression. Unlike other major nations, China was the first to recover from the economic downturn. Researchers and policymakers have begun to wonder if China could actually bring the world out of the financial crisis. This paper intends to contribute to the

Baocheng Ji

2010-01-01

152

Psychology in the Three Worlds: As Reflected by the Crisis in Social Psychology and the Move Toward Indigenous Third-World Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The three worlds in which psychologists research and practice are distinguished: The first consists of the United States, the second comprises the other developed nations, and the third is made up of the developing countries. The three worlds have unequal capacities for producing and disseminating psychological knowledge and for shaping psychology; the dominant power is the first world. The crisis

Fathali M. Moghaddam

1987-01-01

153

The Crisis in Scholarly Communication: an Economic Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes a systems approach to describing and scoping the system of scholarly communication in Australia and exploring the economics that govern it. It examines: the relationships between players in the system; the scope of activities within Australia; the cost and incentive structures underpinning the creation, production and distribution of scholarly content; and the underlying economics of scholarly communication.

John Houghton

154

Complex economic dynamics: Chaotic saddle, crisis and intermittency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Complex economic dynamics is studied by a forced oscillator model of business cycles. The technique of numerical modeling is applied to characterize the fundamental properties of complex economic systems which exhibit multiscale and multistability behaviors, as well as coexistence of order and chaos. In particular, we focus on the dynamics and structure of unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles within

Abraham C.-L. Chian; Erico L. Rempel; Colin Rogers

2006-01-01

155

Forecasting and uncertainty in the economic and business world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forecasts are crucial for practically all economic and business decisions. However, there is a mounting body of empirical evidence showing that accurate forecasting in the economic and business world is usually not possible. In addition, there is huge uncertainty, as practically all economic and business activities are subject to events we are unable to predict. The fact that forecasts can

Spyros Makridakis; Robin M. Hogarth; Anil Gaba

2009-01-01

156

Trends in suicidality amid the economic crisis in Greece.  

PubMed

For the decade 2000-2010, suicidal rates appear to be both low and stable in Greece and unrelated to the socioeconomic environment. It is highly possible that the recent crisis caused a significant increase in dysphoria, stress, depression and maybe suicidal ideation in the general population, but completed suicides do not seem to have increased so far. Measures are needed to make sure there will be no increase in completed suicides in the near future, since historically, periods of socioeconomic instability might be related to increased suicidality. Community interventions reduce stigma and enhance help-seeking. However, only those including the creation of social support networks are essential in the fight against suicidality. PMID:23223905

Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N; Savopoulos, Christos; Siamouli, Melina; Zaggelidou, Eleni; Mageiria, Stamatia; Iacovides, Apostolos; Hatzitolios, Apostolos I

2012-12-06

157

Health protection in times of economic crisis: Challenges and opportunities for Europe.  

PubMed

STOA, the European Parliament's technology assessment body, and the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies recently organised a workshop on the impacts of the economic crisis on European health systems. Evidence of the impact of the recent financial crisis on health outcomes is only just beginning to emerge. Data suggests that this latest recession has led to more frequent poor health status, rising incidence of some communicable diseases, and higher suicide rates. Further, available data are likely to underestimate the broader mental health crisis linked to increased rates of stress, anxiety, and depression among the economically vulnerable. Not only does recession affect factors that determine health, but it also affects the financial capacity to respond. Many European governments have reduced public expenditure on health services during the financial crisis, while introducing or increasing user charges. The recession has driven structural reforms, and has affected the priority given to public policies that could be used to help protect population health. The current economic climate, while challenging, presents an opportunity for reforming and restructuring health promotion actions and taking a long-term perspective. PMID:23986120

McDaid, David; Quaglio, Gianluca; Correia de Campos, António; Dario, Claudio; Van Woensel, Lieve; Karapiperis, Theodoros; Reeves, Aaron

2013-08-29

158

The savings crisis and China's future growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – It is very important to understand the current (2007-2009) economic crisis because it is the most severe since the Second World War and is having a tremendous impact on global and national economic environments. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explain the main factors (savings attributes and cultural factors) that created the crisis and better understand

Amir Shoham; Miki Malul; Mosi Rosenboim

2010-01-01

159

Economic incentives, social norms, and the crisis of fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This year’s Kyoto prize signals the long overdue recognition of the fundamental interdependence of economic and ecologic systems\\u000a for the protection and maintenance of ecosystem services and human well-being. Levin (2006) and Vincent (2007) point to several of the more important ways that interdisciplinary approaches will be essential to the better quantification\\u000a and understanding of the economic contributions of ecosystem

Jeremy B. C. Jackson

2007-01-01

160

AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA – THE MAIN MODALITIES TO ATTENUATE THE CRISIS EFFECTS AND TO RESUME ECONOMIC GROWTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the main modalities and solutions by which agriculture and rural development can represent factors of economic-financial crisis shock attenuation and resuming economic growth. It is without doubt that the main modality to increase agriculture contribution to the general economic growth is the capital injection into economic factors (investments that create jobs, increase production and productivity on the

Paun Ion Otiman; Filon Toderoiu; Violeta Florian; Cecilia Alexandri; Camelia Gavrilescu; Iuliana Ionel; Mariana Grodea; Cornelia Alboiu; Minodora Moldovan; Vasile Gosa; Andreea Nagy

2010-01-01

161

Agriculture and rural development in Romania. The main modalities to attenuate the crisis effects and to resume economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the main modalities and solutions by which agriculture and rural development can represent factors of economic-financial crisis shock attenuation and resuming economic growth. It is without doubt that the main modality to increase agriculture contribution to the general economic growth is the capital injection into economic factors (investments that create jobs, increase production and productivity on the

Paun Ion OTIMAN; Filon TODEROIU; Violeta FLORIAN; Cecilia ALEXANDRI; Camelia GAVRILESCU; Iuliana IONEL; Mariana GRODEA; Cornelia ALBOIU; Minodora MOLDOVAN; Vasile GOSA; Andrea NAGY

2010-01-01

162

Financial crisis - US versus Asian. Factors and policy response  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis which erupted in the United States of America in 2007 drove the real economic sector into a crisis that has diminshed the world’s economic growth thereafter. There is no single theory that can explain what has happened in the US. Eventhough there were a few financial crises models, however all the models are “meaningless”. Traditional macroeconomic policies

Mohamed Aslam Gulam Hassan

2012-01-01

163

Educational Reform and Planning in the Current Economic Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that economic constraints for educational planners and the political/ideological context in which educational decisions are made have changed despite the demand for educational expansion with reduced spending. Suggests development of new strategies to increase public spending and improve educational quality. (Author/TRS)|

Carnoy, Martin

1986-01-01

164

Impact of the Economic Crisis on Higher Education in East Asia: Country Experiences. Policy Forum on Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 8 papers presented at the January 2001 United Nations Policy Forum. The first paper provides an overview of major changes in the higher education sector in the selected countries consequent upon the economic crisis in the region. The subsequent papers analyze the crisis and its impact on higher education in individual…

Varghese, N. V., Ed.

165

Impact of the Economic Crisis on Higher Education in East Asia: Country Experiences. Policy Forum on Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains 8 papers presented at the January 2001 United Nations Policy Forum. The first paper provides an overview of major changes in the higher education sector in the selected countries consequent upon the economic crisis in the region. The subsequent papers analyze the crisis and its impact on higher education in individual…

Varghese, N. V., Ed.

166

What Good Is World Literature?: World Literature Pedagogy and the Rhetoric of Moral Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The past decade has seen a resurgence of scholarship on world literature. The best-selling successes of "Great Books" arguments contained in Azar Nafisi's memoir "Reading Lolita in Tehran" and in Dai Sijie's novel "Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress" seem to mirror, on the popular front, this scholarly return to the question of world

Smith, Karen R.

2011-01-01

167

Economic Problems of the World Ocean.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On the basis of physical, energetic and biological properties of the ocean, the main methodological principles of the economy of the ocean are formulated and the ways to develop an economical mechanism of rational use of its natural resources are shown.

M. T. Meleshkin

1973-01-01

168

Health, Family Planning and Well-Being in Indonesia during an Economic Crisis: Early Results from the Indonesian Family Life Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

After almost three decades of sustained economic growth, Indonesia is currently in the midst of a major economic and financial crisis. This paper seeks to contribute new evidence on three questions: who has been affected most by the crisis, how they have been affected and how they have responded to the crisis.

Elizabeth Frankenberg; Kathleen Beegle; Bondan Sikoki; Duncan Thomas

1999-01-01

169

Financial Bubbles, Real Estate Bubbles, Derivative Bubbles, and the Financial and Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The financial crisis of 2008, which started with an initially well-defined epicenter focused on mortgage backed securities\\u000a (MBS), has been cascading into a global economic recession, whose increasing severity and uncertain duration has led and is\\u000a continuing to lead to massive losses and damage for billions of people. Heavy central bank interventions and government spending\\u000a programs have been launched worldwide

Didier Sornette; Ryan Woodard

2009-01-01

170

Barriers and Incentives to Orphan Care in a Time of AIDS and Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans within their extended families. Lack of stable care is putting thousands of children at heightened risk of malnourishment, emotional underdevelopment, illiteracy, poverty, sexual exploitation, and HIV infection,

Brian H. Howard; Carl V. Phillips; Nelia Matinhure; Karen J. Goodman; Sheryl A. McCurdy; Cary A. Johnson

2008-01-01

171

Global economic and financial crisis: India’s trade potential and future prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the trade potential for India using the augmented gravity model and then attempts to determine the importance of trade remedies. Based on panel data, this gravity model is the first-ever attempt to estimate India’s trade potential in the pre- and post- global economic and financial crisis period. The estimates of India’s global trade potential reveal that the

Prabir De

2009-01-01

172

THE ECONOMICS OF WORLD WAR I: A COMPARATIVE QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

We draw on the experience of the major combatant countries in World War I to analyse the role of economic factors in determining the outcome of the war and the effects of the war on subsequent economic performance. We demonstrate that the degree of mobilisation for war can be explained largely by differences in the level of development of each

Stephen Broadberry; Mark Harrison

173

New probability theory compatible with the new conception of modern thermodynamics. Economics and crisis of debts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that Gödel's negative results concerning arithmetic, which date back to the 1930s, and the ancient "sand pile" paradox (known also as "sorites paradox") pose the questions of the use of fuzzy sets and of the effect of a measuring device on the experiment. The consideration of these facts led, in thermodynamics, to a new one-parameter family of ideal gases. In turn, this leads to a new approach to probability theory (including the new notion of independent events). As applied to economics, this gives the correction, based on Friedman's rule, to Irving Fisher's "Main Law of Economics" and enables us to consider the theory of debt crisis.

Maslov, V. P.

2012-03-01

174

World mineral exploration trends and economic issues  

SciTech Connect

The subjects and methodologies presented in this book vary from the presentation of a heretofore unavailable collection of data on worldwide mineral exploration to case studies of mineral exploration in the developing countries of Botswana and Papua New Guinea to a study of the economic productivity of base metal exploration in Australia and Canada. Some authors concentrate on particular actors or participants in the exploration process, such as major mining companies, while other focus on a particular country such as the Soviet Union, France, or South Africa. Most chapters deal with exploration for nonfuel minerals, and particularly metals, although some take in uranium and coal exploration; oil and gas exploration is specifically excluded.

Tilton, J.E.; Eggert, R.G. (Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (USA). Dept. of Mineral Economics); Landsberg, H.H. (Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (USA))

1988-01-01

175

Was the economic crisis of 2008 good for Icelanders? Impact on health behaviors.  

PubMed

This study uses the 2008 economic crisis in Iceland to identify the effects of a macroeconomic downturn on a range of health behaviors. We use longitudinal survey data that include pre- and post-reports from the same individuals on a range of health-compromising and health-promoting behaviors. We find that the crisis led to large and significant reductions in health-compromising behaviors (such as smoking, drinking alcohol or soft drinks, and eating sweets) and certain health-promoting behaviors (consumption of fruits and vegetables), but to increases in other health-promoting behaviors (consumption of fish oil and recommended sleep). The magnitudes of effects for smoking are somewhat larger than what has been found in past research in other contexts, while those for alcohol, fruits, and vegetables are in line with estimates from other studies. Changes in work hours, real income, financial assets, mortgage debt, and mental health, together, explain the effects of the crisis on some behaviors (such as consumption of sweets and fast food), while the effects of the crisis on most other behaviors appear to have operated largely through price increases. PMID:23659821

Asgeirsdóttir, Tinna Laufey; Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Olafsdóttir, Thornórhildur; Reichman, Nancy E

2013-04-01

176

Energy use in the developing world: A crisis of rising expectations  

SciTech Connect

The world is facing a serious short-run energy supply problem. The Persian Gulf crisis has not caused this problem, but it does serve to underline its seriousness. The expectation is that in the longer term the energy situation will ease because of new technical developments, which will assist in the transformation out of the current fuels cycle to a radically new one. The short-run problem is particularly difficult because the societies most affected are those that can least afford to be without the energy essential for their climb out of mass poverty. There appears to be a potentially severe shortage of liquid fuels that will become progressively worse over the next 20 years. The rich countries will be able to command their share with ease. It is the Third World countries that will suffer the most.

Rogers, P. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1991-04-01

177

Economic crisis detected from space: Air quality observations over Athens/Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using both satellite observations of tropospheric NO2 columns and a number of economic metrics, we investigate the impact of the economic crisis (from 2008 onward) on air quality over Greece, and Athens in particular. The multiannual analysis shows that NO2 columns over Athens have been significantly reduced in the range 30-40%. This decline is further supported by surface measurements of atmospheric NO2 mixing ratios. Additionally, the declining local concentrations of NO, CO, and SO2 are associated with an increase in ozone due to reduced titration by NO. In particular, regression analysis revealed that the reduction of NO2 (0.3 ± 0.2 ppbv y-1) and SO2 (0.2 ± 0.1 ppbv y-1) during the period 2000-2007, significantly accelerated during the economic crisis period (from 2008 onward), reaching 2.3 ± 0.2 ppbv y-1 and 0.7 ± 0.1 ppbv y-1, respectively. The strong correlations between pollutant concentrations and economic indicators show that the economic recession has resulted in proportionally lower levels of pollutants in large parts of Greece.

Vrekoussis, M.; Richter, A.; Hilboll, A.; Burrows, J. P.; Gerasopoulos, E.; Lelieveld, J.; Barrie, L.; Zerefos, C.; Mihalopoulos, N.

2013-01-01

178

Responding to the economic crisis: a primer for public health professionals.  

PubMed

Does the current economic crisis require the deep cuts in public spending announced in the June 2010 emergency budget, with potential implications for public health? The arguments for and against such cuts in response to economic recession are complex, but if public health professionals are to engage in debates about future public spending, they should be informed by relevant evidence. In this perspective, we note that opinions among politicians and economists about how to respond to economic downturns are divided, while other EU countries, many with greater levels of debt than the UK, are protecting public expenditure unless required to do so by the International Monetary Fund. Current UK debt may in fact be viewed as sustainable given current information about interest rates, inflation and economic growth. Before accepting large cuts in public spending, it is important to contrast the lack of evidence for such short-term fixes with potentially dire repercussions for population health and welfare. PMID:20729376

Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; McKee, Martin; Suhrcke, Marc

2010-09-01

179

Economic change, crime, and mortality crisis in Russia: regional analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To identify which aspects of socioeconomic change were associated with the steep decline in life expectancy in Russia between 1990 and 1994. Design: Regression analysis of regional data, with percentage fall in male life expectancy as dependent variable and a range of socioeconomic measures reflecting transition, change in income, inequity, and social cohesion as independent variables. Determination of contribution of deaths from major causes and in each age group to changes in both male and female life expectancy at birth in regions with the smallest and largest declines. Setting: Regions (oblasts) of European Russia (excluding Siberia and those in the Caucasus affected by the Chechen war). Subjects: The population of European Russia. Results: The fall in life expectancy at birth varied widely between regions, with declines for men and women highly correlated. The regions with the largest falls were predominantly urban, with high rates of labour turnover, large increases in recorded crime, and a higher average but unequal distribution of household income. For both men and women increasing rates of death between the ages of 30 and 60 years accounted for most of the fall in life expectancy, with the greatest contributions being from conditions directly or indirectly associated with heavy alcohol consumption. Conclusions: The decline in life expectancy in Russia in the 1990s cannot be attributed simply to impoverishment. Instead, the impact of social and economic transition, exacerbated by a lack of social cohesion, seems to have played a major part. The evidence that alcohol is an important proximate cause of premature death in Russia is strengthened. Key messages The fall in life expectancy in Russia in the 1990s has not affected all parts of the country equally The greatest falls have been in some of the wealthiest regions, suggesting that impoverishment is not a sufficient explanation Much of the deterioration can be explained by labour force turnover, crime rates (which can be considered a proxy measure of social cohesion), and income inequality Alcohol is a major factor in many of the additional deaths Understanding changes in mortality in central and eastern Europe during the transition (from a communist to a capitalist system) may shed light on determinants of health in the West

Walberg, Peder; McKee, Martin; Shkolnikov, Vladimir; Chenet, Laurent; Leon, David A

1998-01-01

180

Growth After the Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

How hospitable will the global environment be for economic growth in the developing world as we come out of the present financial crisis? The answer depends on how well we manage the following tension. On the one hand, global macro stability requires that we prevent external imbalances from getting too large. On the other hand, growth in poor nations requires

Dani Rodrik

2009-01-01

181

A Propensity Score Analysis of Brief Worksite Crisis Interventions after the World Trade Center Disaster  

PubMed Central

Background Postdisaster crisis interventions have been viewed by some as appropriate to enhance the mental health status of persons affected by large-scale traumatic events. However, studies and systematic reviews have challenged the effectiveness of these efforts. Objectives The focus of this study was to examine the impact of brief mental health interventions received by employees at the worksite after the World Trade Center disaster (WTCD) among workers in New York City (NYC). Research Design The data for the present study come from a prospective cohort study of 1121 employed adults interviewed by telephone in a household survey 1 year and 2 years after the WTCD. All study participants were living in NYC at the time of the attacks. For the current study, we used propensity scores to match intervention cases (n = 150) to nonintervention controls (n = 971) using a 1:5 matching ratio based on a bias-corrected nearest-neighbor algorithm. Results Approximately 7% of NYC adults (~425,000 persons) reported receiving employer-sponsored, worksite crisis interventions related to the WTCD provided by mental health professionals. In addition, analyses indicated that attending 1 to 3 brief worksite sessions was associated with positive outcomes up to 2 years after the WTCD across a spectrum of results, including reduced alcohol dependence, binge drinking, depression, PTSD severity, and reduced anxiety symptoms. Conclusions Although our study had limitations, it is one of the few to suggest that brief postdisaster crisis interventions may be effective for employees after mass exposure to psychologically traumatic events. The reasons for the effectiveness of these interventions are unclear at this time and warrant further investigation.

Boscarino, Joseph A.; Adams, Richard E.; Foa, Edna B.; Landrigan, Philip J.

2006-01-01

182

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 1998/99: Beyond Financial Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On December 2 the World Bank released a new 200 page annual report on the global economy which contained thinly veiled criticism of the International Monetary Fund and US Treasury's handling of the Asian financial crisis. The crucial mistake, the report maintains, was their decision to push Asian nations into easing their interest rates, which set off the almost-worldwide recession. While it warns that a substantial danger remains that the world could fall into recession in 1999, the report predicts that the economies of most of the distressed nations will improve into 2000. In addition to an analysis of the short- and long-term prospects of the developing world, the report offers policy suggestions for preventing or managing future crises. At the site, the users will find the full text of the report, a summary, the foreword, press releases in multiple languages, and a PowerPoint slide show.

Dasgupta, Dipak.

1998-01-01

183

The Economic Crisis, Capitalism and Islam: The Making of a New Economic Order?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Islamic economics is compatible with modern capitalism, in its support of free markets, economic globalisation and profit, it has clear fundamental rules on the ethics and morality of economic transactions—it denies interest or riba, the principle of ‘making money from money’ and forbids the transference of risk from the financier to entrepreneur. There must be shared appreciation over real

Wazir Jahan Karim

2010-01-01

184

ECONOMIC CRISIS AND ACCESS TO CARE: CUBA'S HEALTH CARE SYSTEM SINCE THE COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET UNION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the effects on access to health care in Cuba of the severe economic crisis that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the monetary and market reforms adopted to confront it. Economic crises under- mine health and well-being. Widespread scarcities and self-seeking attitudes fostered by monetary and market relations could result in differential access to health

Kamran Nayeri; CÁndido M. LÓpez-Pardo

2005-01-01

185

Oil, the Suez canal, and sterling reserves: economic factors determining British decisionmaking during the 1967 Arab–Israeli crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the importance of economic factors for the development of British Middle Eastern policy during the 1967 Arab-Israeli crisis, based on newly declassified government documents. Policy shifted from threatening unilateral action against Nasser to multilateralism and neutraliry shortly before the June war. Economic considerations will be put in the context of anti-interventionist voices in the cabinet, in the

Gernot Klantschnig

2003-01-01

186

When the collective acts on its components: economic crisis autocatalytic percolation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Agent-based models have improved the standards for empirical support and validation criteria in social, biological, cognitive and human sciences. Yet, the inclusion, in these models, of vertical interactions between various aggregation levels remains a challenge. We study analytically, numerically and by simulation the generic consequences of interactions between the collective and its individual components: the appearance of an autocatalytic loop between the dynamics of the collective and its components; the system, which is dominated by a limited number of factors amplified by this collective<-->individuals autocatalytic loop; the microscopic features, which are not involved in the autocatalytic loop and are irrelevant at the systemic level; and how the above clarify the interplay between macroscopic predictable features and the ones dependent on random unpredictable individual events. Using the social and market percolation framework, we study the dramatic effects of the collective<-->individuals autocatalytic loop on economic crisis propagation: the percolation transition becomes discontinuous; there are a few relevant regions and regimes corresponding to a quite diverse range of response policy options; there are stability ranges where appropriate policies can help to avoid macroscopic crisis percolation; and beyond those regions the systemic crisis might become unstoppable.

Cantono, S.; Solomon, S.

2010-07-01

187

China and the World Trade Organization: An Economic Balance Sheet  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) would affect the fundamental economic interests of both the United States and China. American opportunities to export to and invest in China would increase significantly. The United States would continue to apply the same, normal tariffs it has applied to imports from China continuously since 1980, but on a permanent basis instead

Daniel H. Rosen

1999-01-01

188

The World Social Forum and the Lessons for Economic Geography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the development of the World Social Forum (WSF) using theoretical arguments that have emerged from the new economic geog- raphy. In particular, it draws on the critique of economistic accounts of globaliza- tion by Richa Nagar, Victoria Lawson, Linda McDowell, and Susan Hanson to evaluate how far the WSF serves to move beyond institutional, spatial, and personal

Matthew Sparke; Elizabeth Brown; Dominic Corva; Heather Day; Caroline Faria; Tony Sparks; Kirsten Varg

2009-01-01

189

Providing Crisis Counseling to New Yorkers after the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of two crisis intervention techniques used by a marriage and family counselor who served as a crisis counselor in New York City after the September 11th terrorist attack. The intervention techniques described are Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and one-on-one crisis counseling. An overview of both techniques…

Jordan, Karin

2002-01-01

190

World futures and the global financial crisis: narratives that define and scenarios that create  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper using causal layered analysis, the underlying stories of the global financial crisis (gfc) are explored. The seven narratives presented are the GFC as: 1) a mortgage crisis, 2) a global banking crisis, 3) as part of the natural creative destruction cycle of the capitalist system, 4) a geopolitical shift from the USA to Chindia, 5) part of

Sohail Inayatullah

2011-01-01

191

Providing Crisis Counseling to New Yorkers after the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an overview of two crisis intervention techniques used by a marriage and family counselor who served as a crisis counselor in New York City after the September 11th terrorist attack. The intervention techniques described are Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and one-on-one crisis counseling. An overview of both techniques…

Jordan, Karin

2002-01-01

192

[Transnationalization, the development crisis and the end of the Third World].  

PubMed

This work argues that transnational corporations, by their internal dynamics, disturb the pace of development in Third World countries. There is little consensus on what should constitute a national economy, despite the fact that the idea of economic nationalism has a long history. The concept that a geographic area should show a minimal degree of economic vitality as a condition for emergence into a nation state is largely foreign to political scientists and politicians. Similarly, economists do not base their analyses on nations. The developed western countries between about 1950-80 to some extent became models of national economies. Their economic complexity, strong interdependence between economic sectors, and developed industrial infrastructures were seen as the necessary complements of national sovereignty. But the most important factor in economic growth and development, capital, by its very nature is not tied to any country. The dynamics of capital of transnational firms, and more generally the movement of modern economy and society, tend to destroy the sense of economic nationality. The deterritorialization of the economy is not limited to growth of transnational firms. Such arrangements as joint ventures, licensing contracts, and agreements to share production blur the lines between nation states. Deterritorialization affects culture and power relations as well as economics. The Third World as a conceptual entity is destined to come to an end not only because of the transnationalization of productive processes and financial circuits but because of internal cleavages. The factors originally believed to be common to Third World countries have not proven to be as enduring as once thought. The ideology of a unified Third World has crumbled in the face of internal conflicts, the powerlessness of the Organization of African Unity, the rise of Islamic fundamentalism, and other forces. The great division between countries is not fundamentally into 3 but into 2: the developed and the underdeveloped. The impact of multinationals on development in the Third World is likely to include both increasing homogenization due to the weakening of state borders and increasing differentiation, which is the traditional consequence of capital accumulation. The growth in importance of services and the development of the informal sector are 2 exceptions that may avoid the impact of transnational firms. PMID:12315734

Latouche, S

193

Economic crisis, restrictive policies, and the population's health and health care: the Greek case.  

PubMed

The global economic crisis has affected the Greek economy with unprecedented severity, making Greece an important test of the relationship between socioeconomic determinants and a population's well-being. Suicide and homicide mortality rates among men increased by 22.7% and 27.6%, respectively, between 2007 and 2009, and mental disorders, substance abuse, and infectious disease morbidity showed deteriorating trends during 2010 and 2011. Utilization of public inpatient and primary care services rose by 6.2% and 21.9%, respectively, between 2010 and 2011, while the Ministry of Health's total expenditures fell by 23.7% between 2009 and 2011. In a time of economic turmoil, rising health care needs and increasing demand for public services collide with austerity and privatization policies, exposing Greece's population health to further risks. PMID:23597358

Kondilis, Elias; Giannakopoulos, Stathis; Gavana, Magda; Ierodiakonou, Ioanna; Waitzkin, Howard; Benos, Alexis

2013-04-18

194

A "More General Crisis": Hannah Arendt, World-Alienation, and the Challenges of Teaching for the World as It Is  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background/Context: This article is part of a special issue on the 50th anniversary of the publication of Hannah Arendt's essay, "The Crisis in Education" and her book The Human Condition. Despite the proliferation of books and articles on Arendt's work since the mid-90s, "The Crisis in Education" does not figure all that much in writing on…

Levinson, Natasha

2010-01-01

195

Euro Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued the current eurozone crisis is neither new nor surprising. Fiscal discipline in the eurozone was weak from its creation in 1999, but ongoing economic prosperity limited the damage. Economic recession deepened the impact of crisis on public finance and pushed some eurozone countries to the edge of bankruptcy. Options available now are costly and painful: foreign bailouts,

Miroslav Prokopijevi?

2010-01-01

196

A Short Economic History of the Post Second World War World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by John Birchall, a senior Economics and Business examiner and author, (as well as the author of Biz/ed's "In the Know" column), this is intended to be a first-person view of economic history in the time period directly after World War II. The history is divided into an introduction and four sections. The author explains that, as an economics teacher, he found the most difficult aspect of his job was the fact that his students lacked a general awareness of economic history, and with this document, he has attempted to show the ways in which this period of economic history affected his life. Birchall's casual writing style makes this article a fascinating and engaging read.

Birchall, John.

197

Tracking Major Economic Indicators on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tracking Major Economic Indicators on the World Wide Web is a business research guide from the Reeves School of Business at Methodist College in Fayetteville, NC. Twelve topical pages point users to Websites where they can find balance of trade, capacity utilization, foreign exchange rates, and gross domestic product, among other figures. Note: selected for-fee services such as the Wall Street Journal Interactive are included in many resource lists.

198

First World-Third World linkages: external relations and economic development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linkages between underdeveloped countries and the world economy are analyzed, and the effects of these linkages on the underdeveloped country are examined. The study replicates and modifies the work of Bornischer and others and oges on to explore the negative long-term effect of foreign investment on economic growth, finding the short-term effects to be positive. Further analysis is made of

M. B. Dolan; B. W. Tomlin

2009-01-01

199

The Growing Global Threat of Cyber-crime given the Current Economic Crisis: A Study regarding Internet Malicious Activities in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer crime, also referred as cyber-crime, is considered today one of the main leading problems in the ongoing global economic crisis and an impediment in the development of many countries. Objectives of this work are: to determine the evolution of cyber-crime during the current economic crisis, to emphasize the severity of this problem and the urgent need to limit its

Ana Maria Tuluc

2011-01-01

200

World economic integration and the revolution in information technology  

SciTech Connect

Growth in world commerce has entailed an evolutionary change in the composition of economic flows, leading to increased economic interaction. One can distinguish five lawyers of integration: natural resources, manufactured goods, direct investment, portfolio investment, information services and telecommunications. Government policy has responded along two dimensions: subject matter regulation and expanded geographic scope of policy. For the first half of the 20th century, the dominant policy theme was protection. Beginning in the 1960s, a new theme emerged, especially in Fast Asia, that could be termed managed export-oriented growth. More recently, a new theme of total elimination of barriers and the widest possible scope for competitive forces among designated partner nations is taking integration a step further. Information services and telecommunications permeate and facilitate all layers of world commerce but give promise of revolutionizing world commerce. Advances in productivity powered by information technology, will send shock waves through labor forces all over the world and stimulate new government policy responses. Labor content in a large array of fields will be reduced, skill requirements will be selectively reduced, but new industries and new jobs will be created. Downward pressure on wages in the lower quartile of jobs resulting from {open_quotes}dumbing flown{close_quotes} will be accompanied by increased competition among well paid professionals from counterparts in India, China, and elsewhere. The challenge for policy makers to respond in ways that capitalize on opportunities for growth rather than seek to protect what ultimately be unprotectable will be enormous. 3 refs.

Hufbauer, G.

1996-12-31

201

Governance without government or: The Euro Crisis and what went wrong with European Economic Governance?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Great Recession after 2008 did not turn out to be as deep and severe as the Great Depression of the 1930s. According to the European Commission, this positive result is due to the fact that economic policy-makers around the world learnt their lessons from the Great Depression in stabilizing their financial systems and, moreover, that particularly the European Union

Arne Heise

2012-01-01

202

China’s Economic Growth, Global Economic Crisis and China’s Policy Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of opening and reform, China has maintained an annual average growth rate of 9.8 percent for nearly three decades. China’s growth is based on high savings and high investment. Its export promotion policy has also played a very important role in promoting economic growth. However, as a result of China’s growth pattern characterised by investmentdriven and export

Yu Yongding

2008-01-01

203

The Global Financial Crisis: New Implications and Perspectives for Emerging Economies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global financial crisis offers a number of valuable lessons and perspectives. Most importantly, the current crisis shows us that globalization requires more prudential supervision and regulation not less. In other words, the role of governments is critical in this world environment where currency and financial crisis are a recurring phenomenon. Ironically, the institutions we created and conventional economic

Kap-Young Jeong; Euysung Kim

2010-01-01

204

Did Social Safety Net Scholarships Reduce Drop-Out Rates during the Indonesian Economic Crisis? Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper uses regression and matching techniques to evaluate Indonesia's Social Safety Net Scholarships Program. The program aimed to prevent large numbers of children from dropping out of school as a result of the Asian economic crisis of 1998. It was expected that families would find it difficult to keep their children in school and that…

Cameron, Lisa A.

205

The Global Economic Crisis: Setbacks to the Educational Agenda for the Minority in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures the impact of the Global Economic Crisis on educational programs serving minority groups in developing countries. It has been established that the most vulnerable groupings include nomadic and pastoralist communities, slum dwellers, children in war zones, and women. Various educational interventions such as mobile schooling,…

Ingubu, Moses Shiasha

2010-01-01

206

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States. Updated June 3, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past several years, China has enjoyed one of the world's fastest growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth. However, the current global financial crisis threatens to significantly slow China's economy. Several Ch...

W. M. Morrison

2009-01-01

207

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States, April 2, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past several years, China has enjoyed one of the worlds fastest growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth. However, the current global financial crisis threatens to significantly slow Chinas economy. Several Chin...

W. M. Morrison

2009-01-01

208

China and the Global Financial Crisis: Implications for the United States. Updated February 9, 2009.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Over the past several years, China has enjoyed one of the worlds fastest growing economies and has been a major contributor to world economic growth. However, the current global financial crisis threatens to significantly slow China's economy. Several Chi...

W. M. Morrison

2009-01-01

209

"A Watchman on the Walls of World Freedom": The International Crisis Speaking of John F. Kennedy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary goal of presidential crisis rhetoric appears to be the unification of the people of the United States in support of presidential policy. John F. Kennedy's crisis speaking corresponded both to his conceptions of presidential leadership and to those of the people. If the President of the United States is seen as the personification of…

Kahl, Mary L.

210

The First-World Debt Crisis of 2007-2010 in Global Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

We do not yet know how bad the current credit crisis will get. But we do know that policies in rich nations, dominated by the United States, were often the opposite of corrective. As the author writes in this incisive review of the events that led to the crisis, while boom times rolled on, the cost of credit fell, generating

Robert Wade

2008-01-01

211

G2 in G20: China, the United States and the World after the Global Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The post-global financial crisis world will be increasingly dominated by China and the United States. What the de facto G2 do, together, independently or in conflict, will increasingly define the global bounds of the possible. Both countries want to embed their bilateral diplomacy in the multilateralism of the G20. The problem for the emergent G2 in G20 global architecture is

Geoffrey Garrett

2010-01-01

212

Global economic crisis 2007?2010: Is it really so recent? Implications for the future from the lessons of economic history  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates that the current economic crisis has its roots in the evolution of the global economy during the 1960s. The gradual increase of US debt from the 1960s accompanied by the deficit in the US trade balance due to international competition from EU, Japan, and later from China and the other emerging economies had played a pivotal role

Ioannis-Dionysios Salavrakos

2011-01-01

213

Research on the banking organizational operation crisis management in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Financial problems are not only a significant research topic in the field of crisis management, but they also influence people's daily life and the operation of enterprises. To the great extent, finance crisis severely affects social stability and economic development and has a profound negative influence over the entire world. At present, China's banking industry has come to a critical

Ping He; Ang Liu

2011-01-01

214

The Impact of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis on Central Eastern and SouthEastern Europe (CESEE) and Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the impact of the global economic and financial crisis on two distinct emerging market regions: Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) and Latin America. Similar to other emerging economies, both regions were initially surprisingly resilient as the crisis gathered momentum. They were, however, both strongly affected by the sharp retrenchment in capital inflows and the collapse of

Sonsoles Gallego; Sándor Gardó; Reiner Martin; Luis Molina; José María Serena

2010-01-01

215

World without end: Economics, environment, and sustainable development  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed freely from the existing literature. In at least two respects, however, the volume is unique. First, it uses a great deal of material, such as background papers and research conducted for the World Bank, that is not readily available to the wider public. Some of the chapters overlap. This is deliberate and, in fact, unavoidable. Since many readers may only want to read about a specific subject, such as population, poverty, market-based incentives, or tropical forests, the authors have attempted to make each chapter self-contained. The authors experimented with several sequences for the chapters and found that, regardless of the overall structure, the authors frequently had to share information among chapters to make each story coherent.

Pearce, D.W.; Warford, J.J.

1993-01-01

216

Trade crisis and recovery : restructuring of global value chains  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent large and rapid slowdown in economic activity has resulted in even larger and more rapid declines in international trade. As world trade is set to rebound, this paper addresses three questions: (i) Will trade volumes rebound in a symmetric fashion as world economic growth rebounds? (ii) Will the crisis result in a change in the structure of trade,

William Milberg; Deborah Winkler

2010-01-01

217

Coping strategies of health personnel during economic crisis: A case study from cameroon  

PubMed

objectives Severe economic crisis compelled many governments in Sub-Saharan Africa to adopt structural adjustment programmes. This was accompanied by price increases and cuts in the salaries of civil servants. We explored how health personnel in one province of Cameroon coped with this situation, and what the perceived effects on service quality were. methods Key informant and focus group interviews with government and mission (church) health personnel; interviews with service users to validate the findings. results Government health personnel had experienced larger cuts in salaries than their mission counterparts; they no longer received allowances and incentives still available to mission personnel and appeared more demotivated. Most government and mission personnel reported legal after-hours income raising activities. Government personnel frequently reported additional 'survival strategies' such as parallel selling of drugs, requesting extra charges for services, and running private practices during work hours. There was a high level of self criticism among government personnel indicating a dissonance between their attitude and practices. They considered these practices negative and harmful for service users. conclusion Remedial action is urgent. Options include reinstating allowances for good performance and ensuring regular supervision without blaming individual health workers for problems caused by the state of the health system. PMID:10810028

Israr

2000-04-01

218

Impact of the 2007–09 global economic crisis on human resource management among Chinese export-oriented enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study examines the impact of the 2007–09 global economic crisis on human resource management (HRM) practices among export-oriented enterprises in China's coastal regions. Data were obtained from 184 firms in the first phase of the study, using a structured questionnaire. In the second phase, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 firms. The findings of our study indicate

Jie Shen; Brian DNetto

2012-01-01

219

Impact of the 2007–09 global economic crisis on human resource management among Chinese export-oriented enterprises  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research study examines the impact of the 2007–09 global economic crisis on human resource management (HRM) practices among export-oriented enterprises in China's coastal regions. Data were obtained from 184 firms in the first phase of the study, using a structured questionnaire. In the second phase, in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 firms. The findings of our study indicate

Jie Shen; Brian DNetto

2011-01-01

220

Global Economic and Financial Crisis: India’s Trade Potential and Prospects, and Implications for Asian Regional Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the trade potential for India using an augmented Gravity model and then attempts to determine the importance of trade remedies. Based on the panel data, this Gravity model is the first-ever attempt to estimate India’s trade potential in the pre- and post- global economic and financial crisis period. The estimates of India’s global trade potential reveal that

Prabir De

2010-01-01

221

Economic crisis and access to care: Cuba's health care system since the collapse of the Soviet Union.  

PubMed

This article explores the effects on access to health care in Cuba of the severe economic crisis that followed the collapse of the Soviet Union and the monetary and market reforms adopted to confront it. Economic crises undermine health and well-being. Widespread scarcities and self-seeking attitudes fostered by monetary and market relations could result in differential access to health services and resources, but the authors found no evidence of such differential access in Cuba. While Cubans generally complain about many shortages, including shortages of health services and resources before the economic recovery began in 1995, no interviewees reported systemic shortages or unequal access to health care services or resources; interviewees were particularly happy with their primary care services. These findings are consistent with official health care statistics, which show that, while secondary and tertiary care suffered in the early years of the crisis because of interruptions in access to medical technologies, primary care services expanded unabated, resulting in improved health outcomes. The combined effects of the well-functioning universal and equitable health care system in place before the crisis, the government's steadfast support for the system, and the network of social solidarity based on grassroots organizations mitigated the corrosive effects of monetary and market relations in the context of severe scarcities and an intensified U.S. embargo against the Cuban people. PMID:16320905

Nayeri, Kamran; López-Pardo, Cándido M

2005-01-01

222

ECONOMIC POLICY AND THE FINANCIAL CRISIS: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF WHAT WENT WRONG  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis was in large part caused, prolonged, and worsened by a series of government actions and interventions. The housing boom and bust that precipitated the crisis were enabled by extraordinarily loose monetary policy. After the housing boom came to an end, the Federal Reserve misdiagnosed financial markets' uncertainty about the location and value of risky subprime mortgage?backed securities

John B. Taylor

2009-01-01

223

Financial Crisis and Spike in Commodity Prices Dampen Growth and Fuel Inflation - Economic Outlook for Austria from 2008 to 2010 (June 2008)  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the June 2008 economic outlook of the Oesterreichische Nationalbank (OeNB), economic growth in Austria is projected to weaken compared with the economic boom years of 2006 and 2007 owing to the international financial crisis and the spike in commodity prices. Real GDP growth is projected to come to 2.2% in 2008 and then dip to a low of

Gerhard Fenz; Martin Schneider

2008-01-01

224

Inequality and Instability: A Study of the World Economy Just Before the Great Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inequality is a charged topic. Measures of income inequality rose in the USA in the 1990s to levels not seen since 1929 and gave rise to a suspicion, not for the first time, of a link between radical inequality and financial instability with a resulting crisis under capitalism. Professional macroeconomists have generally taken little interest in inequality because, within the

James K. Galbraith

225

Research in the Real World: Studying Chicago Police Department's Crisis Intervention Team Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Police agencies across the country are struggling to respond to significant number of persons with serious mental illness, who are landing on their doorsteps with sometimes tragic consequences. Arguably, the most widely adopted approach, the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model, is a specialized police-based program designed to improve officers'…

Watson, Amy C.

2010-01-01

226

Plagues, Pestilence and Pathogens: The Ethical Implications of News Reporting of a World Health Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the ethics issues raised by SARS coverage and places them in the context of the history of pandemics. Building on earlier work, I suggest that health crises, at their onset, induce journalists to change their role from normal, critical reporting to news coverage that has the goal of saving life. Once the immediate crisis has passed, however,

Lee Wilkins

2005-01-01

227

Research in the Real World: Studying Chicago Police Department's Crisis Intervention Team Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Police agencies across the country are struggling to respond to significant number of persons with serious mental illness, who are landing on their doorsteps with sometimes tragic consequences. Arguably, the most widely adopted approach, the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) model, is a specialized police-based program designed to improve officers'…

Watson, Amy C.

2010-01-01

228

World-System Mobility and Economic Growth, 1980-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|World-system scholars have traditionally emphasized the stability of the core/periphery hierarchy. However, prior network studies employing both categorical and continuous measures of world-system position reveal substantial mobility across time, whereby a number of developing states have become more integrated in the world economy over the past…

Clark, Rob

2010-01-01

229

The Linguistic Representation of Economical Breakdowns in the Mass Media Language as Inverted Rhetoric of Vivity. On Crisis in News and Editorial Writings in The New York Times Online 2008-2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the description of economic crisis in The New York Times with examples of articles that appeared in the years 2008 and 2009. There are three dimensions the crisis as an event is described; one of them is the description of crisis as a movement or a development of international and global extension (spatial dimension). The second is

Fee-Alexandra Haase

230

Latin American adjustments to the OPEC crisis and the world recession  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developing countries of Latin America suffered more serious economic and political impacts from the 1973 oil price increases than did the industrialized nations at whom the embargo was directed. For many countries, the long-term effects of the emergency measures will impede political stability and economic growth. The author reviews the shocks brought on by inflation, market interruptions, and increased

1978-01-01

231

In Order to Save the World for Human Habitation, We Must Stop Teaching Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews 11 normative principles of capitalist economics. Contends that these principles form the basis for much of economics education in the United States and Western society. Argues that to save the world from massive environmental degradation, economics education must be completely restructured to focus on ecological concerns. (CFR)|

Miller, Raymond C.

1993-01-01

232

In Order to Save the World for Human Habitation, We Must Stop Teaching Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 normative principles of capitalist economics. Contends that these principles form the basis for much of economics education in the United States and Western society. Argues that to save the world from massive environmental degradation, economics education must be completely restructured to focus on ecological concerns. (CFR)

Miller, Raymond C.

1993-01-01

233

Similarity and Differences of the Economic Crisis in the United States and Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyzes the causes of the crisis in the United States and Russia and their anticrisis policies. The author notes that, despite similarities in the two countries' efforts to actively support their banks, major differences exist between their respective anticrisis policies in other areas. The U.S. administration is especially supportive of consumer demand, which accounts for the largest part

A. S. Bulatov

2010-01-01

234

Socio economic crisis and mortality. Epidemiological testimony of the financial collapse of Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, war, and terrorist attacks, have been linked to cardiac mortality. We sought to investigate whether a major financial crisis may impact on the medical management and outcomes of acute coronary syndromes. METHODS: We analyzed the Argentine cohort of the international multicenter Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE). The primary objective was to estimate if there was

Enrique P Gurfinkel; Gerardo E Bozovich; Omar Dabbous; Branco Mautner; Frederick Anderson

2005-01-01

235

The Economic Crisis of 1968 and the Waning of the "American Century."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Maintains that the escalating costs of international commitments (primarily the Vietnam War) and domestic programs resulted in a chronic balance-of-payments deficit that signaled the end of "growth liberalism." Provides an in-depth look at Lyndon Johnson's efforts to address this crisis amidst growing political opposition. (MJP)|

Collins, Robert M.

1996-01-01

236

Economic simulation of a poultry supply chain facing a sanitary crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to study the behaviour of a food supply chain possessing two originalities, i.e. a singular structure (40-day upstream push and 24-hour downstream pull) and one that suffers from simultaneous fluctuations in raw material supply capacities (due to epizooty) and customer demand (due to customer anxieties and fears) caused by a sanitary crisis.

Thi Le Hoa Vo; Daniel Thiel

2011-01-01

237

Corporate governance and firm profitability: evidence from Korea before the economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how ownership structure and conflicts of interest among shareholders under a poor corporate governance system affected firm performance before the crisis. Using 5,829 Korean firms subject to outside auditing during 1993–1997, the paper finds that firms with low ownership concentration show low firm profitability, controlling for firm and industry characteristics. Controlling shareholders expropriated firm resources even when

Sung Wook Joh

2003-01-01

238

Bank Loans to Distressed Firms: Cronyism, bank governance and economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Loans to financially distressed firms contributed to Korea's 1997 crisis. Possible explanations for these loans include bank's better inside information on borrowing firms, crony lending, and financial institutions' (FI) moral hazards (FIs' poor governance). We examined 6474 non-financial firms' capital structures during 1990-2000. Firms in distress or with higher leverage growth rates tended to show lower expost ability to pay

Ming Ming Chiu; Sung Wook Joh

2004-01-01

239

The Impact of the financial and Economic Crisis on Central America: An Expenditure GDP approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2009 conferences will provide many opportunities for the presentation of important new research and for productive, structured dialogue on the major challenges facing the global response to the financial crisis. Conference organisers are developing a wide variety of session types that meet the needs of various participants and support collective efforts to communities worldwide. Central to many of these

Carlos Alberto Zuniga Gonzalez

2009-01-01

240

Euro area fiscal policies and the crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In mid-September 2008, a global financial crisis erupted which was followed by the most serious worldwide economic recession for decades. As in many other regions of the world, governments in the euro area stepped in with a wide range of emergency measures to stabilise the financial sector and to cushion the negative consequences for their economies. This paper examines how

Ad van Riet

2010-01-01

241

Latin America and the global financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current world economic crisis has hit Latin America very hard. Although financial conditions have deteriorated, particularly since September 2008, the financial shock has been less severe than during the two previous crises. Thanks to improvements in external balance sheets, there has been room for counter-cyclical credit and monetary policies. The decision to absorb large capital inflows during the boom

José Antonio Ocampo

2009-01-01

242

A World Bazaar: Learning about Community, Geography, and Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how teachers, students, and other community members collaborated in the planning and preparation of World Bazaar, a project aimed to immerse elementary students into modern and ancient cultures through reading, writing, researching, using maps, and seeing videos. On the day of the World Bazaar, the courtyard…

Guerrero, Karen

2007-01-01

243

Comparison of the financial performance of Islamic and conventional bank in Malaysia during and after economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a continuation of our former work. In this paper, we compare the financial performance of the two banking systems that exist in Malaysia over two periods of time, during economic crisis (1997-1999) and after economic crisis (2001-2003). In order to see the conventional as well as Islamic bank's performance over these two periods of time, the study uses 10 financial ratios which are broadly categorized into 4 groups: (a) profitability ratios; (b) liquidity ratios; (c) risk and solvency ratios; and (d) efficiency ratios. Next, the study used T-test in determining the significance of the differential performance of the two banks over two periods of time. By using inter-bank comparison, the study found that, conventional bank has better performance, efficient, more profitable and has greater risk as compared to Islamic bank. However, in terms of utilizing asset, Islamic bank is better than conventional bank. As an overall, conventional bank is better in much aspect due to the longer history and experience in the industry than Islamic bank that start their operation in 1983.

Kadir, Norhidayah A.; Jaffar, Aidatullaini; Abdullah, Nur Lina; Harun, Nurzalina

2013-09-01

244

After the Spring: Economic Transitions in the Arab World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arab Spring constitutes perhaps the most far-reaching political and economic transition since the end of communism in Europe. For too long, the economic aspirations of the people in the region, especially young people, have been ignored by leaders in Arab countries and abroad. Competing views as to how best to meet these aspirations are now being debated in the

Magdi Amin; Ragui Assaad; Nazar al-Baharna; Kemal Dervis; Raj M. Desai; Navtej S. Dhillon; Ahmed Galal; Hafez Ghanem; Carol Graham; Daniel Kaufmann

245

The Seoul Olympics: Economic Miracle Meets the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul were a coming out party for South Korea – a culmination of its efforts to be recognized as an accomplished economic power and a serious international actor. The South Korean leadership undoubtedly looked for accelerated economic growth as well as heightened national consciousness (including awareness of sporting cultures). Yet, the run-up to and the actual hosting

Brian Bridges

2008-01-01

246

Leadership in a (permanent) crisis.  

PubMed

The current economic crisis is not just another rough spell. Today's mix of urgency, high stakes, and uncertainty will continue even after the recession ends. The immediate crisis--which we will get through with policy makers' expert technical adjustments--sets the stage for a sustained, or even permanent, crisis, a relentless series of challenges no one has encountered before. Instead of hunkering down and relying on their familiar expertise to deal with the sustained crisis, people in positions of authority--whether they are CEOs or managers heading up a company initiative--must practice what the authors call adaptive leadership. They must, of course, tackle the underlying causes of the crisis, but they must also simultaneously make the changes that will allow their organizations to thrive in turbulent environments. Adaptive leadership is an improvisational and experimental art, requiring some new practices. Like Julie Gilbert, who overcame internal resistance to reorient Best Buy toward female purchasers, adaptive leaders get things done to meet today's challenges and then modify those things to thrive in tomorrow's world. They also embrace disequilibrium, using turbulence as an opportunity to build crucial new capacities, as Paul Levy did to rescue Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center from a profound financial crisis. Finally, adaptive leaders, such as Egon Zehnder, the founder of an executive search firm, draw out the leadership skills that reside deep in the organization, recognizing the interdependence of all employees and mobilizing everyone to generate solutions. PMID:19630256

Heifetz, Ronald; Grashow, Alexander; Linsky, Marty

247

Bourgeois dignity and liberty: Why economics can’t explain the modern world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two centuries ago the world’s economy stood at the present level of Chad. Two centuries later the world supports more than six-and-half times more people. Starvation worldwide is at an all-time low, and falling. Literacy and life expectancy are at all-time highs, and rising. How did average income in the world move from $3 to $30 a day? Economics mattered

Deirdre McCloskey

2009-01-01

248

The Quest for the Cup: Assessing the Economic Impact of the World Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baade R. A. and Matheson V. A. (2004) The quest for the cup: assessing the economic impact of the World Cup, Reg. Studies38, 343–354. Hosting the World Cup, the world’s second largest sporting event, is a potentially expensive affair. The co-hosts of the 2002 games, Japan and South Korea, spent a combined US$4 billion building new facilities or refurbishing old

Robert A. Baade; Victor A. Matheson

2004-01-01

249

Structural Adjustment Programs and the Delivery of Health Care in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

World Bank and International Monetary Fund became involved in the 1982 Third World debt crisis in order to solve global economic difficulties. While these institutions were not created for this purpose, after a series of economic shocks in the 1970s, they swept in order to alleviate the economic difficulties Third World countries faced. By following a strict regime of neoliberal

Bianca Brunelli

2007-01-01

250

Oil supply limits and the continuing financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 2005, (1) world oil supply has not increased, and (2) the world has undergone its most severe economic crisis since the Depression. In this paper, logical arguments and direct evidence are presented suggesting that a reduction in oil supply can be expected to reduce the ability of economies to use debt for leverage. The expected impact of reduced oil

Gail E. Tverberg

251

Buying for Armageddon: Factors influencing post-World War II weapons purchases since the Cuban Missile Crisis  

SciTech Connect

The central problem of this study is the role that the economy and economic interests play in decisions about US weapons-systems acquisition. Despite a voluminous literature discussing the formation of military policy, journalistic accounts of business influence on military policy dominate the literature. A notable exception to this pattern is Griffin, Devine, and Wallace's use of time-series data on military expenditures to assess Baran and Sweezy's thesis that military expenditures are necessary to the good health of the monopoly sector of the US economy. Using similar techniques and an expanded data set, the effect of business political action and major economic forces on the quantity and types of weapons purchased since the Cuban Missile Crisis are investigated. Findings indicate that defense contractor rates of profit have a positive relationship to procurement expenditures of most types. This is opposite of the effect posited by most of the literature. Elite political mobilization, measured by the activity of the Committee on the Present Danger, a group at the core of the New Right Social Movement, has a positive effect on expenditures.

Boies, J.L.

1991-01-01

252

The Russian Labor Market in the Statistics of the Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The social and economic development of the country was subjected to serious trials in 2009. The world financial and economic crisis had a negative effect on the main basic indicators of the economy. This had an immediate impact on the social labor sphere. Many social indicators went downhill. In particular, that led to a decline in real wages and…

Gertsii, Iu. V.; Malyshev, M. L.

2012-01-01

253

World without End: Economics, Environment, and Sustainable Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed free...

D. W. Pearce J. J. Warford

1993-01-01

254

Financial Instability, Banking Crisis, and Growth Volatility in Thailand: An Investigation of BiDirectional Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the second half of the 1990s, financial markets around the world captured strong attention because financial stability started to tremble in several countries as a result of formidable macroeconomic imbalance amid the atmosphere, which had been liberalized a few years earlier. Thailand experienced a severe economic crisis in 1997, which had the combined effects of a currency crisis and

Piriya Pholphirul

255

¿Crisis Financiera o Crisis de Hegemonía? Un análisis geoeconómico de las relaciones internacionales Desde lo coyuntural hacia lo estructural  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The so-called financial crisis evidences the economic tensions that have being developing for decades with the double deficits that the United States presents. The major world creditor of the western superpower is China, buying dollars and bonds, aid to maintain the value of the hegemonic currency, budgets and more expenditures - from end of World War Two - in

Pablo Alejandro Nacht

256

Financial Constraints to Trade and Growth: The World Debt Crisis and Its Aftermath.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The debt problems of developing countries will severely limit their ability to purchase goods in the world market for at least the next 5 years. Resolutions of these debt problems could increase potential U.S. agricultural exports by as much as 20 percent...

M. D. Shane D. Stallings

1984-01-01

257

The world water crisis: ramifications of politics trumping basic responsibilities of the international community  

Microsoft Academic Search

The international community has limited support for Third World countries that apply politically unacceptable measures to their water crises. For political reasons, the community also selectively dismisses international instruments governing military actions, the United Nations Charter and the International Law on Water, worsening the crises. The Middle East conflict offers testimony where instruments have been continuously violated, allowing expropriation of

Harald D. Frederiksen

2003-01-01

258

World Water Day: A global awareness campaign to tackle the water crisis.  

PubMed

World Water Day (WWD) has been celebrated on 22 March every year since 1993. It is an opportunity to learn more about water and its centrality in our lives and for the environment, and promote sustainable behaviours and actions towards this precious resource. PMID:22378747

Neno, Stéfanie

2012-02-29

259

The limits of branding: the World Trade Center, fiscal crisis and the marketing of recovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the branding of New York's World Trade Center, and the city itself, as both financial center and entertainment destination between the 1960s and 1990s. After addressing the symbolic as well as material damage caused by the terrorist attacks of September 11th, the article traces the history behind the towers' design and ultimate use in marketing. It first

Miriam Greenberg

2003-01-01

260

Soil Erosion: Quiet Crisis in the World Economy. Worldwatch Paper 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although soil erosion is a natural process, it has increased to the point where it far exceeds the natural formation of new soil. However, with only occasional exceptions, national agricultural and population policies have failed to take soil depletion into account. Projections of world food production always incorporate estimates of future…

Brown, Lester R.; Wolf, Edward C.

261

Decline in tropospheric NO2 and the effects of the 2008-09 economic crisis observed by OMI over Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a trend analysis of tropospheric NO2 for the time period of 2004-2010. Necessary for monitoring pollution abatement strategies, NO2 trends analyses are often based on surface networks, which suffer from high NO2 biases and spatial representativity issues inherent to the standard monitoring method (thermal reduction of NO2 followed by reaction with ozone and chemiluminescence). Space based NO2 trends are unbiased and self-consistent, but over Europe they have not been as obvious as those observed over North America and East Asia. In this work we exploit the daily NO2 column observations from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) in order to isolate long-term (timescales greater than one year) variability in NO2 over Europe without imposing a parametric fit to the data. In general, we find between 2005 and 2008, 1-5% per year declines in NO2 concentration in many polluted regions (e.g. Germany, Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, Spain), but also 1-5% per year increases over the English Channel and the southern North Sea (a major shipping channel), as well as the United Kingdom, northern France and Eastern Europe. In 2009, NO2 almost exclusively decreased over Europe at a rate of 5-10% per year, coinciding with the abrupt decrease in industrial production and construction prompted by the global economic crisis. By 2010, in many areas the NO2 rate of change returned to pre-2009 levels suggesting economic recovery. We employ a simple fitting model to separate the forcing by meteorological variability, which can influence apparent NO2 trends, from that of NOx emissions. We calculate 1-3% per year NOx emissions reduction rates over most of Europe and an additional 15-30% per year decrease in NOx emissions during the economic crisis time period.

Castellanos, P.; Boersma, F. F.

2011-12-01

262

Water Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water crisis was not considered seriously at the Dublin and Rio conferences. It was put on the world agenda primarily by the Stockholm Water Symposia. Water management is likely to change more during the next twenty years compared to the past 2,000 years. The paper reviews the global water situtation based on the latest data available. In terms of water

Asit K. Biswas

1999-01-01

263

WebEc: World Wide Web Resources in Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebEc is "...an effort to categorize free information in economics on the WWW." Bill Goffe, author of Resources for Economists on the Internet (discussed in the May 31, 1996 Scout Report) notes WebEc is "...a particularly good place to look for a broader array of business and economic resources." In addition to every known facet of economics, other supporting sections are also listed. Produced as a joint and volunteer effort, the intended audience is academic economists. WebEc is a part of NetEc, which also provides information on printed working papers (BibEc), on electronic working papers (WoPEc) and code for econometrics (CodEc).

1995-01-01

264

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy, December 2, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2007-2009 recession was long and deep, and according to several indicators was the most severe economic contraction since the 1930s (but still much less severe than the Great Depression). The slowdown of economic activity was moderate through the firs...

C. K. Elwell

2010-01-01

265

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy, December 1, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2007-2009 recession was long and deep, and according to several indicators was the most severe economic contraction since the 1930s (but still much less severe than the Great Depression). The slowdown of economic activity was moderate through the firs...

C. K. Elwell

2011-01-01

266

Future Oil and Gas Resources of the World: A Coming Supply Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is the world running out of oil? Where will future oil and gas supplies come from? To help answer these questions, the U.S. Geological Survey completed in 2000 a new assessment of the undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources and potential additions to reserves from field growth. One hundred and twenty-eight provinces were assessed in a 100 man-year effort from

T. S. Ahlbrandt

2002-01-01

267

Entrepreneurship Economic Development and Quality of Life in Third-World Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with perhaps the greatest problem of our time, the ever increasing world’s neglected and ignored poor.\\u000a I argue here that economic development can be cultivated by endogenously from the bottom up (implemented through entrepreneurship)\\u000a and that the economic output to be exported globally. Unique characteristics of entrepreneurs and their contribution to the\\u000a economy can make it possible

A. Coskun Samli

2008-01-01

268

Social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of economic crisis (1993-2010) in Korea  

PubMed Central

Backgrounds This study examines social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of the Korean economic crisis (1993–2010) among Korean adults aged 40 and over. Methods Data from the census and the national death file from the Statistics Korea are employed to calculate life expectancy and age-specific-death-rates (ASDR) by age, gender, and educational attainment for five years: 1993, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010. Absolute and relative differences in life expectancy and Age-Specific Death Rates by educational attainment were utilized as proxy measures of social inequality. Results Clear educational gradient of life expectancy was observed at age 40 by both sexes and across five time periods (1993, 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010). The gradient became notably worse in females between 1993 and 2010 compared to the trend in males. The educational gradient was also found for ASDR in all five years, but it was more pronounced in working age groups (40s and 50s) than in elderly groups. The relative disadvantage of ASDR among working age Korean adults, both males and females, became substantially worse over time. Conclusions Social inequalities in life expectancy and ASDR of the working age group across socioeconomic status over time were closely related to the widening of the social difference created by the macroeconomic crisis and the expansion of neo-liberalism in Korea.

2012-01-01

269

Institutions and Economic Growth: Europe After World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

European economic growth in the quarter of a century that ended in 1973 outstripped growth in any period of comparable length before or since. The elements of Europe's growth miracle -- wage moderation, high investment and rapid export growth -- were delivered by a tailor-made set of domestic and international arrangements -- on the domestic side the social market economy,

Barry Eichengreen

1994-01-01

270

An Empirical Approach to Economic Intelligence in World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

In early 1943 the Economic Warfare Division of the American Embassy in London started to analyze markings and serial numbers obtained from captured German equipment in order to obtain estimates of German war production and strength. This report is the story of the development of this technique in terms of the problems which arose and the ways in which they

Richard Ruggles; Henry Brodie

1947-01-01

271

Stalinist Labour Coercion during World War II: An Economic Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a study of Soviet legal practices, the article examines the enforcement of coercive laws and their limitations in the Soviet command economy. New archival documentation shows the scale and scope of Stalin's coercive machinery. Firstly, we show why labour legislation assumed its specific form, based on an economic analysis of the command economy. Secondly, we identify four specific limits

Martin Kragh

2011-01-01

272

The United States and the World Economy: Foreign Economic Policy for the Next Decade  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the key foreign economic policy issues facing the United States in the second half of this decade? How can the administration and Congress meet the economic challenges that lie ahead? This new book analyzes the dramatic importance of the world economy to both the domestic prosperity and overall foreign policy of the United States, describes the new global

C. Fred Bergsten

273

The home team scores! A first assessment of the economic impact of World Cup 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The FIFA World Cup hosted in South Africa during June\\/July 2010 was a much anticipated sport spectacle, but also widely expected to yield lasting and considerable economic benefits for the host country. Optimistic scenarios have encouraged these expectations, but there have also been cautionary studies based on the economic impact of earlier mega sport events. There are three dimensions to

Stan du Plessis; Cobus Venter

2010-01-01

274

Meeting the needs of the new millennium: passenger space travel and world economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without doubt, humans’ most urgent need at the start of the new millennium is the continuation of economic growth, which is the only means by which the great majority of the world population can lift themselves out of the poverty in which they live. A sine qua non for continuing economic growth is for the rich countries to continue to

Patrick Collins

2002-01-01

275

Third World: important for US security and economic well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problems of the industrialized countries are now so intertwined with those of the Third World that global attention is needed to resolve matters of economic importance for rich and poor alike. Policies beneficial to developing countries are not necessarily detrimental to industrial countries. Cooperative policies serve developed countries in the area of trade by simulating economic efficiency, financial systems

1980-01-01

276

A model of the world oil market for project LINK Integrating economics, geology and politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new model of the world oil market for Project LINK that integrates the effect of changes in the economic, geological and political environment. The model forecasts non-OPEC oil production using a new technique that quantifies the effect of geological, economic and political variables. The model forecasts real oil prices based on changes in market conditions and

Robert K. Kaufmann

1995-01-01

277

Transitory Shocks, Permanent Effects: Impact of the Economic Crisis on the Well-Being of Households in Latin America and The Caribbean  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to measure the impact of the global crisis on social indicators child health, mortality, education and poverty in five Latin American countries. The results suggest that economic downturns have a negative impact on child mortality, child health, and both overall and child poverty. Child poverty increases at higher rates than overall poverty. Results on education indicators are

Almudena Fernández; Luis F. López-Calva

2010-01-01

278

Impact of the global economic crisis on academic libraries in Malawi : A case study of University of Malawi and Mzuzu University libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to determine the impact of the global economic crisis on University of Malawi Libraries and Mzuzu University Library. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A case study methodology was adopted, and data were collected using both interview guides and questionnaires. Findings – Findings show that libraries in this study were not affected much by the global

Aubrey Harvey Chaputula

2011-01-01

279

WP 2010-2 After T-Bills and T-Shirts: China’s Role in “High” and “Low” Fashion after the Global Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural changes in the macroeconomy, brought about by the economic crisis, have profound implications for the Chinese textile and apparel sector, since firms will have to shift from mainly serving global brands in foreign markets to serving domestic Chinese consumers. This paper takes up the issue of how design, and fashion design in particular, might mold the future of Chinese

William Millberg Hazel Clark

2010-01-01

280

The role of the chinese dollar peg for macroeconomic stability in China and the world economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1997\\/98 Asian crisis and the 2007-2010 world financial and economic crisis, China has proved to be a stabilizer for East Asia and the world. The paper stresses the crucial role of the dollar peg for macroeconomic stability in China. The paper explores the current role of China's nominal exchange rate stabilization as stabilizing factor for China, East Asia

Gunther Schnabl

2011-01-01

281

A library management response model against the economic crisis : The case of public libraries in Greece  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Libraries in Greece are mostly financed by public sources, with private funding covering only a very small proportion of their budget. The deteriorating, slowly growing economic environment in Greece places additional pressure on the already understaffed and underfinanced public libraries. This paper aims at demonstrating that the tough economic conditions may provide a setting for innovation and quality

Petros Kostagiolas; Anastasia Margiola; Anastasia Avramidou

2011-01-01

282

Crisis or opportunity? Economic degrowth for social equity and ecological sustainability. Introduction to this special issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the burgeoning emerging literature on sustainable degrowth. This is defined as an equitable downscaling of production and consumption that increases human well-being and enhances ecological conditions at the local and global level, in the short and long term. The paradigmatic propositions of degrowth are that economic growth is not sustainable and that human progress without economic growth

François Schneider; Giorgos Kallis; Joan Martinez-Alier

2010-01-01

283

North Korea after the Nuclear Crisis: the Future of the Economic Reforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

A few years ago North Korea took the first steps to reform its economic system. These reforms have been characterised by the introduction of some basic monetisation into the economy and reduction of the role of government in setting prices and controlling the distribution system. The changes in North Korea's economic management and operational measures showed similarities to the processes

RALPH M. WROBEL

2007-01-01

284

More than One Bag for the World Fishery Crisis and Keys for Co-management Successes in Selected Artisanal Latin American Shellfisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global concerns about the depletion of marine stocks have been widely documented in industrial fisheries. However, small-scale\\u000a artisanal fisheries constitute a second component for the world fishery crisis, normally ignored or erroneously lumped into\\u000a the industrial component. In this paper we first present a brief comparison between industrial and artisanal fisheries, highlighting\\u000a the differences between them and the differential feasibility

Omar Defeo; Juan Carlos Castilla

2005-01-01

285

ECONLinks: A Source of Economic Information on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scott Simkins, Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics at North Carolina A & T State University, created this metasite to provide easy access to basic economic and financial information for students. Links to US government publications, economic statistics, and financial market information, among others, are clearly organized and annotated. A "Student Resources" list provides links to economic textbooks (full text), while a "Current News" directory of Internet news sources encourages students to stay abreast of the latest world developments. Educators may also find a "Teacher Resources" list of discussion group and course material links useful.

Simkins, Scott.

1998-01-01

286

Relevance of the economic crisis in chemical PM10 changes in a semi-arid industrial environment.  

PubMed

This paper shows the changes in PM(10) levels and chemical composition in a region in southeast Spain between two periods: September 2005-August 2006 and June 2008-May 2009. PM(10) levels in this arid region, with a great number of cement, ceramic and related industries, have decreased in the second period in concordance with the reduction of industrial production due to the economic crisis and the closure of a cement plant. Annual average levels of PM(10) decreased from 41 ?g m(-3) in 2005 to 30 ?g m(-3) in 2008 (27%) and to 23 ?g m(-3) in 2009 (23%). The relative contribution of the different sources has not changed in the area in the latter period and the elements with mineral origin are the main components of the PM(10) composition. There is a reduction in the concentration of the components that have soil-related industries and crustal material resuspension as their main sources, mainly in the case of CO(3) (2-), Ca, Sr, Tl and Pb, but the seasonal patterns were the same in both periods. As a particular case, there is an uncoupling between the seasonal evolution of SO(2) and sulphates in the two study periods, which remarks the existence of a sulphate regional background that does not depend on SO(2) local emissions. The decrease of V, Ni and Tl levels reflects the reduction of the industrial activity during the crisis period, affecting mainly the ceramic sector characterised by a great decrease of Tl levels. PMID:22146821

Santacatalina, Milagros; Yubero, Eduardo; Mantilla, Enrique; Carratalá, Adoración

2011-12-03

287

The Quiet Crisis: The Impact of the Economic Downturn on the Nonprofit Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was written to shine a spotlight on the under-reported plight of America's nonprofit organizations and to make recommendations for how the nation can respond. In the wake of the economic downturn, hospitals, nursing homes, nursery schools, senior centers, soup kitchens, and other nonprofit organizations have been hit by a triple…

Bridgeland, John M.; McNaught, Mary; Reed, Bruce; Dunkelman, Marc

2009-01-01

288

THE RUSSIAN ECONOMIC CRISIS: IMPACT ON AGRICULTURE AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE CHELYABINSK OBLAST, URAL REGION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic conditions in Russia are having a drastic impact on higher education. Chelyabinsk Agricultural Engineering University is typical of many regional Russian universities in transition. While faculty have freedom to determine curriculum and degree requirements, their teaching loads are excessive, requiring up to six courses per year. The future of higher education in the agricultural sciences is at risk in

Alexei A. Koptchenov; Glenn C. W. Ames

1999-01-01

289

Other energy crisis and economic development: the role of noncommercial fuels in Indian subsistence agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

A neglected aspect in the study of energy and economic development in LDCs is the role of noncommercial fuels, such as fuelwood, dung, and crop wastes, in the subsistence household's decision-making process. This dissertation attempts to redress this deficiency and in the process fill the gap between studies on discussing and evaluating the impact of oil crises on LDCs and

Kotamraju

1985-01-01

290

Analyzing the Main Changes in New Consumer Buying Behavior during Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The negative social effects caused by consumerism and especially hiperconsumerism leaded, in the recent years, to the emergence and rapid growth of economic importance of new types of consumer - the new consumer - whose attitudes, aspirations and purchasing patterns are different from those existing in the past. The paper outlines at first, a portrait of the new consumer, highlighting

Lelia Voinea; Alina Filip

2011-01-01

291

The Economic Crisis and the Scientific, Technical and Cultural Information Services in Mexico.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the effects of economic factors on information services in Mexico. Topics discussed include librarians' salaries; inadequate library budgets; acquisitions in academic libraries; the development of public libraries; library networks; national databases; microcomputers and library automation; library research; effects of devaluation; and…

Fernandez de Zamora, Rosa Maria

1990-01-01

292

The 2010 Regional Election in Catalonia: A Multilevel Account in an Age of Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the context, actors, campaign, and results of the Catalan election of 2010, which took place in a context of economic recession and growing political discontent. I argue that certain circumstances concurred in this particular contest to enhance the influence of factors pertaining to the first-order (i.e. national) arena as compared with the influence of second-order (i.e. region

Guillem Rico

2011-01-01

293

Illegal Drugs in Colombia: From Illegal Economic Boom to Social Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the past thirty years, the illegal drug industry has marked Colombia's development. In no other country has the illegal drug industry had such dramatic social, political, and economic effects. This short article provides a synthesis of the development of the marijuana, coca-cocaine, and poppy-opium-heroin illegal industries. It studies the development of the drug cartels and marketing networks and the

Francisco E. Thoumi

2002-01-01

294

How the poor in a developing country view business' contribution to quality-of-life 5 years after a national economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study proposes and tests a three-step model of business' contribution to quality of life 5years after a devastating national economic crisis in a developing country. The model incorporates both a beneficent dimension of the marketplace (represented by consumer attitude toward marketing — CATM) and a non-maleficent dimension (represented by consumer trust for market-related institutions — CTMRI). This study compares

Mark Peterson; Ahmet Ekici; David M. Hunt

2010-01-01

295

The American science pipeline: sustaining innovation in a time of economic crisis.  

PubMed

Significant limitations have emerged in America's science training pipeline, including inaccessibility, inflexibility, financial limitations, and lack of diversity. We present three effective programs that collectively address these challenges. The programs are grounded in rigorous science and integrate through diverse disciplines across undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral students, and resonate with the broader community. We discuss these models in the context of current economic constraints on higher education and the urgent need for our institutions to recruit and retain diverse student populations and sustain the successful American record in scientific education and innovation. PMID:21123689

Hue, Gillian; Sales, Jessica; Comeau, Dawn; Lynn, David G; Eisen, Arri

2010-01-01

296

The Economic Impacts of Government Financing of the 2010 FIFA World Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents estimates of the economic impacts of financing the hosting of the 2010 FIFA World Cup by the government of South Africa. Ex ante analysis using a fiscal social accounting matrix model indicates that hosting of the event impacts positively on gross domestic product and imports. The positive impact on imports will, inter alia, lead to deterioration in

Ramos Mabugu; Ahmed Mohamed

2008-01-01

297

Rule and policy spaces and economic progress: Lessons for Third World countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite greater rates of capital accumulation, per capita growth rates among Third World nations (particularly, Africa) are much lower than among the advanced, capitalist nations. In this paper I examine the critical roles of the rule space and policy on economic growth. Empirically, nations with poor institutions and policies grow at about a fifth of the rate of nations with

Gerald W. Scully

1997-01-01

298

Economic Aspects of Higher Education Taken Under the World War II Bill of Rights. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this thesis is to bring to bear the concepts, tools, and theories of human capital and human resources economics to evaluate the Federal Government's massive involvement in higher education under the World War II GI Bill of Rights. The major findings include estimates of total human capital formation by education, both during and after…

Eggertsson, Thrainn

299

One year later: A re-appraisal of the economics of the 2006 soccer World Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

No two ways about it: the soccer World Cup competition in June 2006 in Germany was a great experience, not only for the soccer fans, and it still resonates far and wide. The various commentaries have all concluded that the economic effects were positive. Emphasis has often been placed on increased turnover in the retail trade, overnight accommodation, receipts from

Wolfgang Maennig

2007-01-01

300

Selective Immigration and Ethnic Economic Achievement: Japanese Americans before World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the determinants of Japanese immigrant economic achievement in the continental United States before World War II. Japanese immigrants to the United States were a select group in terms of their occupational background and education relative to the Japanese population as a whole because of the restrictions imposed on Japanese immigration by both the Japanese and U.S. governments.

Masao Suzuki

2002-01-01

301

Growth without pain: the world can achieve sustained economic growth by reducing waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

The case is presented for eliminating America's wasteful methods of manufacturing, distributing, and consuming goods as a prerequisite for continuing world economic growth. While waste is difficult to define, there is a growing awareness that it is costly and that some external discipline is required to effect a change in lifestyles. A cost\\/benefit analysis of waste management would indicate the

van Dam

1978-01-01

302

The socio-economic impact of the FIA World Rally Championship 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central to this research paper are findings from a major international collaborative study into the social and economic impact of the World Rally Championship (WRC) during 2007. Scholarship in the field of motorsport is rare, which is remarkable against the backdrop of a discipline that has truly global appeal. The analysis contained herein unfolds within extant research into the staging

David Hassan; Sean O Connor

2009-01-01

303

Fossil fuel consumption and economic growth: causality relationship in the world  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes cointegration and causality between fossil fuel consumption and economic growth in the world over the period 1971--2008. The estimation results indicate that fossil fuel consumption and GDP are cointegrated and there exists long-run unidirectional causality from fossil fuel consumption to GDP. This paper also investigates the nexus between nonfossil energy consumption and GDP, and shows that there

Hazuki Ishida

2012-01-01

304

Economic Aspects of Higher Education Taken Under the World War II GI Bill of Rights.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aim of the thesis is to bring to bear the concepts, tools and theories of human capital and human resources economics to evaluate the Federal Government's massive involvement in higher education under the World War II GI Bill of Rights. The major find...

T. Eggertsson

1972-01-01

305

Was the Great War a Watershed ? The economics of World War One in France  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a broad, quantitatively documented, overview of the French economy during World War One, trying to answer the question of whether the war was a turning point in French economic history. It first describes the various shocks the war imposed to the economy, from invasion to labour and capital mobilisation. It then studies macroeconomic policies, especially the finance

Pierre-Cyrille Hautcoeur

2003-01-01

306

The impact of the economic crisis and the US embargo on health in Cuba.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the combined effects of a severe economic decline since 1989 and a tightening of the US embargo in 1992 on health and health care in Cuba. METHODS: Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were reviewed. These sources were supplemented with utilization data from the national health system and interviews with health leaders. RESULTS: Changes in Cuba include declining nutritional levels, rising rates of infectious diseases and violent death, and a deteriorating public health infrastructure. But despite these threats, mortality levels for children and women remain low. Instead, much of the health impact of the economic decline of Cuba has fallen on adult men and the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: To be consistent with international humanitarian law, embargoes must not impede access to essential humanitarian goods. Yet this embargo has raised the cost of medical supplies and food Rationing, universal access to primary health services, a highly educated population, and preferential access to scarce goods for women and children help protect most Cubans from what otherwise might have been a health disaster.

Garfield, R; Santana, S

1997-01-01

307

Can Australia capitalise on the post-crisis opportunity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Asian Economic Crisis presents perhaps a final opportunity for Australia's IT&T industry to make its presence felt on the world stage. As a centre of innovation and a desirable location for IT&T facilities, Australia has often been overlooked as its near neighbours to the north gain all the attention. This paper summarises the main obstacles Australia has to overcome

B. Hayward

1999-01-01

308

CESEE Households amid the Financial Crisis: Euro Survey Shows Darkened Economic Sentiment and Changes in Savings Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper utilizes information from the OeNB Euro Survey, which was launched in 2007 and is conducted twice a year in ten CESEE countries. The most recent survey wave of May to June 2009 focused on the impact of the financial crisis on CESEE households. Results show, first, that the financial crisis is in fact severely felt throughout the region:

Sandra Dvorsky; Thomas Scheiber; Helmut Stix

2009-01-01

309

The UN's Unnecessary Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As heads of state and government prepare to mark the 60 anniversary of the UN with a grand meeting in New York in September 2005, the sense of crisis and uncertainty that has surrounded the world body since the start of the war in Iraq is still very much present. The enduring nature of the crisis has contributed to the

Mats Berdal

2005-01-01

310

Economic voting and economic revolutionizing? The economics of incumbency changes in European democracies and revolutionary events in the Arab World  

Microsoft Academic Search

While people in democracies can vote their government out when they are discontent with its policies, those in dictatorships cannot do so. They can only attempt to expel the dictator via mass protests or revolutions. Based on a general cause-and-effect mechanism, the author analyzes whether such mass protests are more likely when the economic situation is poor and vote outs

Marie Möller

2011-01-01

311

The global capitalist crisis and youth: from Tunisia and Egypt to Europe and the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Departing from the recent revolutionary upsurge in the Arab world, this article focuses on the links between youth protest and the current economic crisis. Although its levels in Arab countries have in recent months reached spectacular heights, such protest has also been significant in other parts of the capitalist world, notably Europe. Interpreting youth protest as a manifestation of global

Costas Panayotakis

2011-01-01

312

Mastering the crisis? Sustaining governance in the Argentine Complementary Currency Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Redes de Trueque (RT) thrived during the economic crisis of 2001 - 2002 in Argentina and still stand out as the largest Complementary Currency System in the world. These are local exchange networks in which members create and abide by their own institutions, including their own non-state currency. They adopt a large scale during times of severe economic distress,

Georgina M. Gomez

313

Mastering the crisis? Sustaining governance in the Argentine Redes de Trueque  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The Redes de Trueque (RT) thrived during the economic crisis of 2001 – 2002 in Argentina and still stand out as the largest Complementary Currency System in the world. These local exchange networks reach a large scale during times of severe economic distress, but as large non-state initiatives, they pose a governance problem. Four types of governance systems were

G. M. Gomez

2011-01-01

314

Economic Feasibility of a New Method to Estimate Mortality in Crisis-Affected and Resource-Poor Settings  

PubMed Central

Introduction Mortality data provide essential evidence on the health status of populations in crisis-affected and resource-poor settings and to guide and assess relief operations. Retrospective surveys are commonly used to collect mortality data in such populations, but require substantial resources and have important methodological limitations. We evaluated the feasibility of an alternative method for rapidly quantifying mortality (the informant method). The study objective was to assess the economic feasibility of the informant method. Methods The informant method captures deaths through an exhaustive search for all deaths occurring in a population over a defined and recent recall period, using key community informants and next-of-kin of decedents. Between July and October 2008, we implemented and evaluated the informant method in: Kabul, Afghanistan; Mae La camp for Karen refugees, Thai-Burma border; Chiradzulu District, Malawi; and Lugufu and Mtabila refugee camps, Tanzania. We documented the time and cost inputs for the informant method in each site, and compared these with projections for hypothetical retrospective mortality surveys implemented in the same site with a 6 month recall period and with a 30 day recall period. Findings The informant method was estimated to require an average of 29% less time inputs and 33% less monetary inputs across all four study sites when compared with retrospective surveys with a 6 month recall period, and 88% less time inputs and 86% less monetary inputs when compared with retrospective surveys with a 1 month recall period. Verbal autopsy questionnaires were feasible and efficient, constituting only 4% of total person-time for the informant method's implementation in Chiradzulu District. Conclusions The informant method requires fewer resources and incurs less respondent burden. The method's generally impressive feasibility and the near real-time mortality data it provides warrant further work to develop the method given the importance of mortality measurement in such settings.

Roberts, Bayard; Morgan, Oliver W.; Sultani, Mohammed Ghaus; Nyasulu, Peter; Rwebangila, Sunday; Sondorp, Egbert; Chandramohan, Daniel; Checchi, Francesco

2011-01-01

315

Integrate, innovate, imitate: surviving and thriving in the world of breast cancer economics.  

PubMed

The pursuit of excellence in the breast care delivery process involves a program of integration, innovation, and imitation designed to yield sustained quality and economic improvement. Many stand-alone breast centers in the United States have adopted this approach and have become financially successful while delivering very high quality care. This article reviews basic economic principles governing breast care as a business enterprise. It then provides recommendations for the development of world-class breast centers that can also deliver financially responsible care. PMID:15725111

Kolb, Gerald R

316

Corporate Governance, Crony capitalism and Economic Crisis: Should the US Business Model replace the Asian Way of 'Doing Business'?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the Greenspan\\/Summers\\/IMF (GSI) argument that the Asian way of doing business was the deep cause of the Asian crisis. The IMF reform programme for the crisis-affected Asian countries suggested they should abandon the Asian business model and adopt the US corporate model. The main findings are: a) contrary to GSI doctrine, poor corporate governance and lack of

Ajit Singh; Ann Zammit

2006-01-01

317

Redefining Beijing Consensus: ten economic principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that, owing to the conspicuous failure of Washington Consensus-guided reforms in most parts of the developing world in the 1990s and the outbreak of the current global financial crisis, the Washington Consensus, as a general term of neoliberal free market economic thinking, has been withering. In the meantime, the Chinese economic model has gained wide recognition and praise

Xin Li; Kjeld Erik Brødsgaard; Michael Jacobsen

2010-01-01

318

The Global Financial Crisis and Islamic Banking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global credit crunch, food crisis and oil crisis has once again highlighted the fragility of capitalism, as the fallout from the credit crunch and the wider economic crisis continues, demands for alternatives are certain to grow. This paper focuses on financial crisis in the global conventional financial market and points out the various factors that have contributed to the

Abul Hassan

319

Predicting the economic impact of the 2010 FIFA World Cup on South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: The impact ,of the ,sporting industry on economic ,decision ,making ,has ,increased dramatically,since the global media,explosion in,the 1980s. Tourism and advertising revenues generated,by mega-events,such as World Cups or Olympic Games,have,become,a major boost to the economies of hosting nations. In addition,globalisation has placed great emphasis on the importance of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), especially to developing countries. This paper ,seeks

Heinrich R. Bohlmann; Jan H. Van Heerden

2008-01-01

320

Reconsidering Expectations of Economic Growth After World War II from the Perspective of 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the close of World War II, the future of economic development was the subject of wide-ranging debates. Historical experience has since shown that these forecasts were uniformly too pessimistic. Expectations for the American economy focused on the likelihood of secular stagnation, which continued to be debated throughout the post-war period. Concerns raised during the late 1960s and early 1970s

Robert W. Fogel

2005-01-01

321

The social impact of energy, telecommunications, and civil aviation of Third World economic development  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation shows that the telecommunications plays an important part in the development of a country's economy. Dealing strictly with the Third World or developing nations, inferences were made at the national level as to how improved communications should be a requirement for all countries. As the technology improves, greater achievements will be forthcoming, especially if the social issues of education, social services, health care, and income distribution are addressed. Several social issues need special attention if the Third World is to become a major player in the world economy. Starting with the large population base, methods to control the birth rate are essential. Lead and lag studies were done to appraise the state of the business cycle through the peaks or valleys of economic activity. Leading indicators measure anticipation of economic climate whereas lagging indicators are sluggish to reactions and used to confirm changes. Coincident indicators show economic performance and the strength of a country's output. These indicators were done for savings, investment, energy, telecommunications, and civil aviation.

Carr, G.W.

1989-01-01

322

The New Mercantilism and the Crisis of the Global Knowledge Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

How to understand the current crisis at the World level? Following Joan Robinson, we present the definition of ‘new mercantilism’,\\u000a and explain how mercantilist practices have supported what we commonly call globalization. The current economic crisis can\\u000a be linked with mercantilist practices: globalization, because of the internal and external barriers that capitalism had to\\u000a face, has quickly been driven by

Dimitri Uzunidis; Blandine Laperche

2011-01-01

323

An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Latin America. Edited by Enrique C rdenas, Jos Antonio Ocampo, and Rosemary Thorp. New York: Palgrave, 2000. Volume I: The Export Age: The Latin American Economies in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries. Pp. 329. $75.00. Volume II: Latin America in the 1930s: The Role of the Periphery in World Crisis. Pp. 297. $69.95. Volume III: Industrialization and the State in Latin America: The Postwar Years. Pp. 345. $75.00  

Microsoft Academic Search

These three volumes bring together a set of very useful essays on Latin American economic growth since the late nineteenth century. The first volume focuses on the so-called export age, the period 1870 1930. The second (a reprint of a volume originally published in 1984) focuses on the impact of the Great Depression and the process of recovery throughout the

Stephen Haber

2002-01-01

324

The Study of Geography in an Interdependent World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of restructuring the discipline of geography and enhancing its role in the precollege curriculum as part of a global approach to education is emphasized in this paper. International education is seen as an essential part of high school and college education in an increasingly interdependent world. The oil crisis, the world economic

Saueressig-Schreuder, Yda

325

The Rise of China: How it will Impact the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

China is rising again, and this time, the change is taking place in response to Beijing's policy responses to an external economic crisis. China has handled domestic economic crises before but this time around the structural impact on the country's economy and its relationship with the outside world will be very different and considerably more profound. How China will change

Shahid Javed Burki

2009-01-01

326

Biofuel: An alternative to fossil fuel for alleviating world energy and economic crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time has come when it is desirable to look for alternative energy resources to confront the global energy crisis. Consideration of the increasing environmental problems and the possible crisis of fossil fuel availability at record high prices dictate that some changes will need to occur sooner rather than later. The recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is

Keshav Bhattarai; Wayne M. Stalick; Scott Mckay; Gija Geme; Nimisha Bhattarai

2011-01-01

327

Large group crisis intervention for law enforcement in response to the September 11 World Trade Center mass disaster.  

PubMed

University Behavioral HealthCare, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in partnership with the New Jersey Department of Personnel established a program entitled "Cop 2 Cop" in 1999 to assist law enforcement personnel within the state. The events of September 11, 2001, demanded an unprecedented response to address the behavioral health care needs of those individuals in New Jersey and New York. Although the Cop 2 Cop program was initiated as a crisis intervention hotline, the legislature which established the program also identified facilitating Critical Incident Stress Management services for New Jersey law enforcement and their families as needed to be within the scope of function. This paper describes the Cop 2 Cop program interventions with the Port Authority Police Department (PAPD) which involved service provision to over 1,200 PAPD officers and an intensified process entitled an "Acute Stress Management Reentry Program" created for over 200 officers with unprecedented exposure to traumatic events. PMID:14730762

Castellano, Cherie

2003-01-01

328

Dark energy crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In cosmology we are facing the dark energy crisis: How can we survive huge vacuum energy, meanwhile living with tiny dark energy? For the solution to this crisis, we raise several clues and hints, in particular, supersymmetry and the double hierarchy, Mp-MSM-MDE (Planck-Standard Model-dark energy scales). These two clues naturally lead to a solution with a supersymmetry-breaking brane-world. The train of thought from the clues to the solution is elucidated.

Gu, Je-An

2010-11-01

329

Structural Position in the World System and Economic Growth, 1955-1970: A Multiple-Network Analysis of Transactional Interactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Addresses world-system/dependency theories of differential economic growth among nations and identifies reservations concerning the current empirical status of these theories. Presents a model which relates the world system to blockmodel analysis by considering four types of international networks--trade flows, military interventions, diplomatic…

Snyder, David; Kick, Edward L.

1979-01-01

330

WORLD CUP 2010: SOUTH AFRICAN ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES AND POLICY CHALLENGES INFORMED BY THE EXPERIENCE OF GERMANY 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an ex post analysis of the financial burden and economic benefits of the World Cup (WC) in Germany 2006. Based on the usual cost-benefit measures, the experience of WC 2006 appears to be in line with existing empirical research on large sporting events and sports stadiums, which have rarely identified significant net economic benefits. The lessons from

WOLFGANG MAENNIG; STAN du PLESSIS

2007-01-01

331

Dalla crisi finanziaria alla crisi reale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis of 2008 is put in relation with two bubbles, financial and housing. Easy credit is at the origin of both bubbles. Risky bonds were issued to mobilize mortgages originated in the housing market, and bad bonds entered a fantastic number of institutional and private portfolios all over the world without any perception of the their risk. Unfortunately,

Carlo DAdda

2010-01-01

332

Politics and economics of American arms transfers in the post World War Two era  

SciTech Connect

The major economic and political theories about arms transfers are extracted from the literature. These theories are then tested to see how accurate they are in explaining arms transfers. The method used for this testing is to create analytic measures for each theory and then to compare actual data on arms transfers with the assumptions and predictions of each theory. Results of this study indicate that none of the economic or political theories on American arms transfers provide a sufficient explanation for the developments in arms transfers since World War II. To explain arms transfers in the face of the failure of commonly accepted theories, an alternative view is suggested. This alternative theory argues that arms transfers must be viewed in the light of a broad understanding of the evolution of American foreign policy and political ideology since World War II. In support of this theory the history of the arms trade and the relationship between the arms trade and American foreign policy are examined.

Johnson, S.M.

1987-01-01

333

Socio-economic environment of technology underdevelopment in the Third World: the case of East Africa  

SciTech Connect

The literature review first reveals a wide range of views regarding what is meant by technology, what approaches lead to technological development, and what accounts for the technological lag of the LTCs. Differences also emerge regarding proper technologies and the proper techno-economic roles of countries. This study represents an attempt to identify the conditions that give rise to technology underdevelopment and to examine the implication of such technological underdevelopment to social and economic prospects in a representative corner of the underdeveloped world, the East African region. The research is guided by the question, What are the major causes of technology underdevelopment in the East African Countries. State more specifically, the question becomes, What relationships exist between (1) a society's structure of economic production and its technological development. and (2) the patterns and compositions of international trade, on the one hand, and technology (under)development, on the other. The research utilizes as its analytical points of departure the theories of Comparative Advantage, Factor Endowments, and the political economy theory of Dependency, with the aim of both surfacing the underlying assumptions and critically analyzing the models that have shaped the current state of the LTCs' technologies.

Felleke, G.

1986-01-01

334

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

335

Low Income Russian Families Adopt Effective Behavioral Strategies to Maintain Dietary Stability in Times of Economic Crisis1,2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social, political and economic reforms of 1992 in Russia led to a decade of rising income inequality, unemployment and economic crises, the most severe of which occurred in 1998. This study assesses dietary trends for children in low and high income households during this politically and economically unstable period from 1994 to 2000. Several possible food-related behaviors were also

Anna R. Dore; Linda S. Adair; Barry M. Popkin

336

Buying for Armageddon: Factors influencing post-World War II weapons purchases since the Cuban Missile Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central problem of this study is the role that the economy and economic interests play in decisions about US weapons-systems acquisition. Despite a voluminous literature discussing the formation of military policy, journalistic accounts of business influence on military policy dominate the literature. A notable exception to this pattern is Griffin, Devine, and Wallace's use of time-series data on military

Boies

1991-01-01

337

Mandela calls for greater commitment and leadership in fighting AIDS. The World Economic Forum -- Policy and business in a world of HIV / AIDS.  

PubMed

The 27th annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, on February 3, 1997, was attended by 2000 political and financial leaders of countries and businesses around the world. The forum is the world's largest annual gathering of economic and political dignitaries. In his address to the forum, Nelson Mandela, president of South Africa, called for a global effort against AIDS and a strengthening of the world's political and business leaders' commitment against HIV/AIDS. The disease is creating global economic problems by affecting people in their prime productive and reproductive years. Mandela criticized political leaders for their limited actions in addressing the AIDS pandemic and called upon the world's business community to support government AIDS programs and help people affected by AIDS. All sectors and all spheres of society must be involved as equal partners in the war against HIV/AIDS, for neither the health sector nor government can meet the challenge on its own. If current HIV/AIDS trends continue in South Africa, AIDS will cost the country 1% of its domestic gross product by the year 2005, and up to 75% of the country's budget will be consumed by direct health costs related to HIV/AIDS. At a panel discussion preceding President Mandela's address, Dr. Peter Piot, executive director of UNAIDS, argued that the AIDS pandemic could have a devastating effect upon the global economy and urged business leaders to take strong action against the disease. PMID:12321752

Macinnis R

338

Universities and Colleges as Economic Drivers: Measuring Higher Education's Role in Economic Development. Critical Issues in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Local, state, and national economies are facing unprecedented levels of international competition. The current fiscal crisis has hampered the ability of many governments in the developed world to directly facilitate economic growth. At the same time, many governments in the developing world are investing significant new resources into local…

Lane, Jason E., Ed.; Johnstone, D. Bruce, Ed.

2012-01-01

339

Crisis events in tourism: subjects of crisis in tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial and economic downturn that affected tourism from 2007 through to 2010 and beyond has cast substantial attention on the role that crisis events play in tourism. These concerns have only been exacerbated by natural disasters, such as the 2010 Icelandic volcanic plume, pandemics, and the potential of future global change. The potential effects of crisis events on

C. Michael Hall

2010-01-01

340

Stability, Crisis, and Other Reasons for Optimism: University Foreign Language Education in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a brief overview of the state of university language education in the United States. Despite the impact of the world economic crisis on university language education in the United States, the profession has not yet been impacted to the extent many believe it has. Current scholarly debates allow for both a sober assessment of…

Levine, Glenn S.

2011-01-01

341

The health crisis in the former Soviet Union: A report from the ‘post-war’ zone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observers of the Soviet health and demographic scene have noted that many of the phenomena (particularly mortality) were unprecedented in ‘peace time.’ In fact, the Cold War (or Third World War) was ‘war time,’ although not in the conventional military sense (it was ideological, political and economic warfare). The health crisis in the former Soviet Union is partly the result

Mark G. Field

1995-01-01

342

School Buildings in Today's Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To get a picture of the impact of the current economic and financial crisis on educational building programmes so far, the OECD Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) has been conducting a survey of member countries and regions. The survey focuses on three main issues: the impact of the crisis on publicly funded projects, the impact on…

Blyth, Alastair

2009-01-01

343

[Economic activity of Third World women and perspectives on the decline of their fertility].  

PubMed

Despite recent efforts to achieve a better understanding of the economic roles of women throughout the world, progress has been impeded by the lack of available statistical material concerning their employment. The importance of women's productive activity remains unrecognized in most of the Third World because it is largely accomplished outside the cash sector and is not included in any statistics. 72% of women in developing countries live in rural zones, where they are occupied in production, processing, storage, and preparation of foodstuffs. Many also assist the family budget by selling foodstuffs and craft products. The role of women in agriculture and commerce varies in different regions; it is estimated that 60-80% of agricultural labor in Africa and about 40% in Latin America is female. Third World women have also found employment in labor intensive industries such as electronics and textiles. The active female population grew from 1950-75 at 2.5%/1year in Asia, 1.9% in Africa, and 3.2% in Latin America. Major variations are seen in the female participation rates of countries within the same regions. The number of women working in the nonorganized sector is not known. Particularly in cities, most new jobs have been in the service sector. Prior to the spread of the capitalist mode of production, the productive and reproductive roles of women were equally significant and compatible, and women had a greater weight in family and community. With the separation of the cash and subsistence sectors, women were increasingly relegated to the least prestigious and least remunerative sectors. When forced to seek work in the modern sector, their lack of education and the persistence of traditional sexist practices allowed them to find only the least qualified, most poorly paid, and least secure jobs in the primary, secondary, or tertiary sectors. The introduction of technical development into Third World countries benefitted women very little, since it was usually addressed only to men. Although migration for many women had a fertility dampening effect, for many others it reinforced their attachment to reproductive traditions. The maintenance of high levels of fertility among Third World women, despite their participation in paid labor, can be explained in part by tradition and religious values and productive roles of children, but also by dissatisfaction with the low level employment conditions available to them. PMID:12312445

Samman, M L

344

Mental health, duration of unemployment, and coping strategy: a cross-sectional study of unemployed migrant workers in eastern china during the economic crisis  

PubMed Central

Background 20 million migrant workers in China lost their jobs during the economic crisis of 2008. Both urban migration and unemployment have long been documented to be associated with vulnerability to mental problems. This study aims to examine the mental health of unemployed migrant workers in Eastern China and its relation to duration of unemployment and coping strategy during the recent economic crisis. Methods The data were collected through interview-based survey with a sample of 210 unemployed migrant workers in Zhejiang Province of China from 2008 to 2009. Symptom Checklist-90-Revised, Coping Strategies Questionnaire, and seven short demographic questions were used. Results The majority of the unemployed migrant workers were found to be young male manufacturing industry workers with short-term unemployment and a relatively low education level. Nearly 50% of unemployed migrant workers were classified as mentally unhealthy and the most frequently reported symptom was depression. Compared with the adult norm of 1986, 2003, and 2007 in China, unemployed migrants had more mental problems. Long-term unemployed migrant workers had more psychiatric symptoms than the short-term unemployed workers and employed migrant workers. Unemployed migrant workers with immature coping strategies expressed significantly more psychiatric symptoms than those with mixed and mature coping strategies. Duration of unemployment and two coping strategies, problem-solving and self-blaming, predicted the mental problems of unemployed migrant workers. Conclusions The results indicated that mental health status of unemployed migrant workers in Eastern China was poorer than the national adult norm. More psychiatric symptoms are evidenced among unemployed migrant workers who lost their jobs for a long term and who had immature coping strategies. These findings can be used for prevention and intervention of mental illness among unemployed migrant workers.

2012-01-01

345

Economic Sanctions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Institute for International Economics (IIE) (reviewed in the December 4, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this site is a useful resource for Economics or International Relations courses. Using testimony, speeches, articles, working papers, and an interesting case study (of Myanmar), the site explains and explores the economic and political goals and impact of sanctions. Additional Hot Topics features include the Japan Crisis, the Asian Financial Crisis, and the Euro Conversion.

1999-01-01

346

Improving Indonesia's Cities: A Case Study of Economic Development, Including a Teaching Guide and An Economic Summary of Indonesia. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is designed to teach secondary school social studies students the impact of rapid urbanization on Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a filmstrip, and a teacher's guide. The pamphlet, "An Economic Summary of Indonesia" provides students with the structure, recent…

Baldwin, Harriet, Ed.; Rosen, Carol, Ed.

347

Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

2012-01-01

348

Economic Stabilization and Debt in Developing Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on preliminary results from a massive study conducted by the World Bank to probe the links between stabilization and growth, Cooper examines the experience of developing countries faced by the oil shocks of the 1970s and the debt crisis of the 1980s. He points out that a global slowdown in growth has shifted the main economic concern in developing

Richard N. Cooper

349

Building Regional Economic Growth and Innovation Capacity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Like many states at the turn of the century, Wisconsin was faced with a multibillion-dollar deficit due to a sagging economy brought on by the dotcom bubble burst and the economic impact of the 9/11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. As the state legislature grappled with the budget crisis, blame was freely assigned. The state was at…

Rafn, H. Jeffrey

2012-01-01

350

Seemingly Irrelevant Events Affect Economic Perceptions and Expectations: The FIFA World Cup 2006 as a Natural Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seemingly Irrelevant Events Affect\\u000aEconomic Perceptions and Expectations:\\u000aThe FIFA World Cup 2006 as a Natural Experiment\\u000aProminent economic theories have emphasized the role of commonly held perceptions and\\u000aexpectations for determining macroeconomic outcomes. A key empirical question is how\\u000asuch collectively held beliefs are formed. We use the FIFA World Cup 2006 as a natural\\u000aexperiment. We provide direct

Thomas Dohmen; Armin Falk; David Huffman; Uwe Sunde

2006-01-01

351

From the transatlantic banking crisis to the euro crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Transatlantic Banking Crisis has strongly raised debt-GDP ratios in many OECD countries and this is undermining the economic\\u000a recovery. As regards the euro zone there are special problems which are partly related to lack of fiscal discipline in Greece\\u000a and to the Irish economic crisis which—largely unknown—basically reflects total failure of prudential supervision to apply\\u000a EU directives and legislation,

Paul J. J. Welfens

2011-01-01

352

Was the IMF's Imposition of Economic Regime Change Justified? A Critique of the IMF's Economic and Political Role in Korea During and After the Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As late as October 1997 the IMF declared that the Korean economy was experiencing a temporary liquidity squeeze, not a solvency problem. Yet in December 1997 Deputy Managing Director Stanley Fischer declared that Korea suffered from a systemic “breakdown of economic relations” so complete that only radical economic restructuring could restore prosperity. The IMF attached what it called “extreme structural

Kang-Kook Lee; James Crotty

2004-01-01

353

Helping Each Other in Times of Need: Financial Help as a Means of Coping with the Economic Crisis [pdf  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Susann Rohwedder of the RAND Corporation recently asked an important question: "How are U.S. households coping in these difficult times?" The results of her investigations were published in the Fall of 2009 as part of the RAND Labor and Population group's Occasional Paper series. Her work was based on two Internet surveys conducted by the RAND Corporation in late 2008 and in early 2009 which sought to probe the extent to which U.S. households have been affected by the crisis and patterns of giving and receiving financial help during this period. The findings included the observation that many more households are giving financial help than receiving it and that help most frequently flows from parents to children. All in all, the paper will be most useful for policy scholars and others working in related fields.

Rohwedder, Susann

2009-01-01

354

Crisis Mapping in Action: How Open Source Software and Global Volunteer Networks Are Changing the World, One Map at a Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to share the stories behind some extraordinary maps—live crisis maps. The paper begins by investigating what types of live communication technologies existed prior to social media technologies. The development of live crisis maps is then discussed, beginning with the Ushahidi project, which utilized live collaborative mapping during post-election violence in Kenya in 2008. Via

Patrick Meier

2012-01-01

355

International economic theory and politics: world structure before, during and after the early 21st Century Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations Adam Smith (1776) considered the phenomenon of division of labor so enormously significant for the creation of a nation’s wealth that he devoted the first three chapters of his book to an investigation of this process. This is an ongoing process of greater and greater specialization, and

Nadeem Naqvi

2010-01-01

356

Transboundary crisis management practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The SARS epidemic will be remembered for being the closest the world has been in the 21st century to a real outbreak of a deadly disease at the global level. Using a process tracing method applied to the study of crisis management from a cognitive-institutional perspective, this article draws in particular from case studies on the management of SARS in

Eva-Karin Olsson; Kaibin Zhong

2010-01-01

357

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

2010-01-01

358

Learning Sustainability from Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the Asian economic crisis and media messages about it. Promotes education for sustainability, which has broader goals of social transformation. Describes new forms of social learning that are necessary to resolve the global crises of the environment and development. (SK)

Serrano, Isagani

2000-01-01

359

The 2015 Debt Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the London G20 Summit, participants reaffirmed their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to increasing official development assistance (ODA). This aid will be important in helping the poorest countries meet the MDGs that were agreed before the crisis, but it will probably be insufficient to tackle the additional problems caused by the current economic downturn. (...)

Paul Ladd

2009-01-01

360

Learning Sustainability from Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the Asian economic crisis and media messages about it. Promotes education for sustainability, which has broader goals of social transformation. Describes new forms of social learning that are necessary to resolve the global crises of the environment and development. (SK)|

Serrano, Isagani

2000-01-01

361

Crisis during recovery: lessons from 1904 Baltimore fire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – A recovery crisis is an occasion when there is a subsequent calamity after a major crisis such as the recovery crisis following the 9\\/11 World Trade Center tragedy or the recovery crisis following the devastation in New Orleans caused by Hurricane Katrina. Consequently, this paper seeks to focus on what can be done to prevent or limit the

Peter B. Petersen

2010-01-01

362

Agrofuels, Food Sovereignty, and the Contemporary Food Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, agrofuels are examined in the context of the world food price crisis and the "food sovereignty" proposal for addressing the crisis. Both short- and long-term causes of the crisis are examined, and while agrofuels are presently not a prime causal factor they are clearly contraindicated by the crisis. Food sovereignty, including a…

Rosset, Peter

2009-01-01

363

Education and Development: Evidence for New Priorities. World Bank Discussion Papers No. 95.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education has been recognized as the cornerstone of economic and social development. Now it is even more important as technological change and new methods of production transform the world economy. Development will depend more and more on knowledge-intensive industries, agriculture, and services. The continuing economic crisis, however, is…

Haddad, Wadi D.; And Others

364

Investigating the Concept of Consumers as Producers in Virtual Worlds: Looking through Social, Technical, Economic, and Legal Lenses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual worlds such as World of Warcraft and Second Life enable consumers as producers, that is users can choose to be passive consumers of content, active producers of content, or both. Consumers as producers poses unique challenges and opportunities for both operators and users of virtual worlds. While the degrees of freedom for user-generated content differ depending on the world, instances of consumers as producers can be found in many virtual worlds. In this paper we characterize consumers as producers with the help of four "lenses"—social, technical, economic, and legal—and use the lenses to discuss implications for operators and users. These lenses provide a complementary analysis of consumers as producers from different angels and shows that an understanding of it requires a holistic approach.

Kienle, Holger M.; Lober, Andreas; Vasiliu, Crina A.; Müller, Hausi A.

365

Programmatic Principles of the Economic and Social Policy in the Czechoslovak Resistance Movement during the Second World War  

Microsoft Academic Search

The antifascist movement in Czechoslovakia during the Second World War paid considerable attention to conceptualizing economic and social policy after the liberation of the country. Between 1939 and 1945 the resistance movement consisted of several mainstreams. Czechoslovak political representation abroad was concentrated partly around President Edvard Beneš and the internationally accredited government-in-exile in London and partly around the foreign leadership

Václav Pr?cha; Lenka Kalinová

2005-01-01

366

The Rajasthan Canal Project: A Case Study of Economic Development. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is designed to teach secondary school social studies students about the Rajasthan (India) Canal Project and the impact it has had on the state of Rajasthan and its population. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a sound filmstrip, and a teacher's guide. The pamphlet, "Economic Summary: India," places the…

Baldwin, Harriet; Ross-Larson, Bruce, Ed.

367

The Rajasthan Canal Project: A Case Study of Economic Development. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is designed to teach secondary school social studies students about the Rajasthan (India) Canal Project and the impact it has had on the state of Rajasthan and its population. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a sound filmstrip, and a teacher's guide. The pamphlet, "Economic Summary: India," places the…

Baldwin, Harriet; Ross-Larson, Bruce, Ed.

368

Economic Research Between Empirics, Theory and Politics. WIFO's Repositioning after World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical economic research obtains its raison d'être from its function of bridging economic theory, empirical evidence and economic policy. In order to provide the underpinnings of an evidence-based economic policy it is necessary to have reliable data, an intelligent context-controlled approach to interpretation and a receptive inclination on the part of economic policy decision-makers as key prerequisites. Over time, the

Hans Seidel

2012-01-01

369

Internationalization of a Company’s Activities as a Means of Survival and Growth in the Global Economic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the explanations of developments favorable to companies or for their failures throughout the world lies in including the organization of activities outside the country of origin, the management practiced by headquarters, the parent company and its subsidiaries in the countries they were created and their conducting business. The relations between centralization and decentralization, between central unit and subsidiaries

Eugen BURDUS

2009-01-01

370

Agriculture for Sustainable Economic Development: A Global R&D Initiative to Avoid a Deep and Complex Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

World agriculture has entered a new, unsustainable, and politically risky period. Agriculture— and the natural resources it depends on—has been overexploited ecologically, has suffered from underinvestment, has recently been exposed to ill-designed bioenergy programs, and has been politically sidelined for too long. It is now at a critical point. Appropriate responses to the food and agriculture price and productivity crises

Joachim von Braun; Charles Valentine Riley

371

Impacts of the Global Economic Crisis on Child Poverty and Options for a Policy Response in Cameroon. Incidences de la crise économique mondiale de 2008\\/09 et des options de politiques de réponse sur la pauvreté des enfants au Cameroun  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to evaluate the potential impacts of the 2008\\/09 global economic crisis on child poverty in Cameroon. It also explores the potential effects that policy responses to such a crisis could have on children. In order to do this, the study uses a macro-micro methodology. A dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is used to simulate various scenarios

Christian Arnault Emini; Paul Ningaye; Sami Bibi; John Cockburn; Ismaël Fofana; Luca Tiberti

2010-01-01

372

Evaluation of Financial Crisis in Thailand..  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After implementation of the National Economic and Social Development Plan (1961-1966), Thailand experienced increasing high rates of economic growth. However by mid 1997, Thailand's economy was slipping into the so-called 'Thailand financial crisis': fall...

W. Pusit

1998-01-01

373

Politics, the State and the Impulse for Social Protection: The implications of Karl Polanyi's ideas for understanding development and crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this short paper I want to discuss how some of Karl Polanyi's key ideas can help shed light on the processes of development and crisis in the world today. I will first take up the role of economic liberalisation and the state. Then I want to discu ss Polanyi's identification of the \\

James Putzel

374

Whither the TARGET2 System? Taking a Glance at the Real Economic Facets of the Euro-Area Debt Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The TARGET2-system impedes economic recovery within the EMU. Hard budget constraints are a key to kick-start structural reforms in some EMU-member countries. However, the TARGET2-system is not only aggravating real misalignments but also softening budget constraints. The authors argue that the European settlement system is not only a monetary issue but of real concern for the survival of the euro

Christian Fahrholz; Andreas Freytag

2011-01-01

375

MONETARY POLICY UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modern economies are characterized by endemic financial crisis, a good performance of the financial systems requiring the guarantee of the deposits and the regulating authority of the central bank. The current economic and financial crisis has as real causes the increase in the prices of certain goods, such as food products, the global economic conjuncture, which preceded the crisis, characterized

Gheorghe Manolescu

2009-01-01

376

Natural Resource Economics. Teacher's Guide to World Resources. Comprehensive Coursework on the Global Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide presents teaching suggestions and presentation materials about natural resources as economic assets contributing to national economic productivity. The term "natural resource accounting" or "green accounting" is introduced for valuing natural resources as capital in economic systems. The lesson is divided into five parts and…

Snyder, Sarah A.

377

Natural Resource Economics. Teacher's Guide to World Resources. Comprehensive Coursework on the Global Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's guide presents teaching suggestions and presentation materials about natural resources as economic assets contributing to national economic productivity. The term "natural resource accounting" or "green accounting" is introduced for valuing natural resources as capital in economic systems. The lesson is divided into five parts and…

Snyder, Sarah A.

378

Economic superpowers and the environment: the United States, the Soviet Union, and Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Among the world's nations, the three countries chosen are clearly the leading producers, consumers, and polluters. Moreover, their political, economic, and social institutions exhibit important differences. National sovereignties constitute the framework within which solutions to the environmental crisis must be found, barring the sudden and improbable emergence of effective world government. An attempt is made to provide some insight into

D. R. Kelley; K. R. Stunkel; R. R. Wescott

1976-01-01

379

Barriers and incentives to orphan care in a time of AIDS and economic crisis: a cross-sectional survey of caregivers in rural Zimbabwe  

PubMed Central

Background Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans within their extended families. Lack of stable care is putting thousands of children at heightened risk of malnourishment, emotional underdevelopment, illiteracy, poverty, sexual exploitation, and HIV infection, endangering the future health of the society they are expected to sustain. Methods To explore barriers and possible incentives to orphan care, a quantitative cross-sectional survey in rural eastern Zimbabwe asked 371 adults caring for children, including 212 caring for double orphans, about their well-being, needs, resources, and perceptions and experiences of orphan care. Results Survey responses indicate that: 1) foster caregivers are disproportionately female, older, poor, and without a spouse; 2) 98% of non-foster caregivers are willing to foster orphans, many from outside their kinship network; 3) poverty is the primary barrier to fostering; 4) financial, physical, and emotional stress levels are high among current and potential fosterers; 5) financial need may be greatest in single-orphan AIDS-impoverished households; and 6) struggling families lack external support. Conclusion Incentives for sustainable orphan care should focus on financial assistance, starting with free schooling, and development of community mechanisms to identify and support children in need, to evaluate and strengthen families' capacity to provide orphan care, and to initiate and support placement outside the family when necessary.

Howard, Brian H; Phillips, Carl V; Matinhure, Nelia; Goodman, Karen J; McCurdy, Sheryl A; Johnson, Cary A

2006-01-01

380

Technology Use in Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author focuses on technology use related to campus crisis and shows the impact that newer technologies have on making the world seem much smaller and united. When crises occur, such as at Virginia Tech shootings or Hurricane Katrina, students across the United States and even the world reach out to one another through new…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna

2008-01-01

381

[Manpower migrations in the Arab world: the reverse of the New Economic Order].  

PubMed

Population and petroleum, 2 essential factors in the development of the Arab world, are unequally distributed in the 18 Arab countries. The abstract possibility of mutually beneficial cooperation between the countries with large populations and no oil and those with oil but small populations is far from being realized; on the contrary, growing inequality and deterioration of human and productive resources can be observed in the Arab world. The apparent economic progress of the oil producing states is illusory, because it has permitted them to defer development of their own internal resources such as agriculture, industry, professional training and education in favor of greater dependence on the temporary palliative of petroleum revenues. In 1980, over 3 million Arabs had emigrated toward other Arab countries, where they were joined by approximately 1.8 million non-Arabs. 4 types of Arab migration have been important: movement from the countryside to cities within countries, movement of Arab migrants to non-Arab countries, movement from 1 Arab state to another because of political factors and especially to earn high wages in the oil producing states, and immigration of non-Arabs and especially Asians to Arab countries. 6 of the principal manpower importing countries, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar, had total labor forces of about 5.2 million in 1985, of which only 41% were nationals. There have been 4 main consequences for the states importing manpower: 1) petroleum production is very capital intensive and creates few jobs; the jobs filled by migrants are mostly in construction and services funded by oil revenues 2) the expansion is temporary because petroleum is a nonrenewable resource; the manpower transfers will therefore not be permanent 3) the migrants represent a large proportion of the labor force and populations of the Gulf oil-producing states, and 4) the migrants are systematically excluded from the political and social life of the countries in which they work, have no juridical protection or political rights, and are the objects of growing hostility in the countries where they work. The most important consequence may be the least visible: because of the petroleum income and the migratory flows the local populations are less and less motivated to work. The immigrants are almost all single or unaccompanied men who send most of their earnings to their home countries. Thus far there has been little apparent political activity or labor unrest among them in the host countries, but it is unclear how long the apparent calm can be sustained. The most obvious consequence of the migration for the sending countries is the massive flow of remittances. In 1980, such transfers between Arab countries were estimated to total around $3 billion, not counting income in kind. The remittances do not appear to be invested in productive enterprises with any frequency but rather to be used for purchases of mostly imported consumer goods and in speculation. Few migrants learn useful job skills, and some countries have lost large proportions of their skilled workers to migration. Migrant earnings have depressed local production by encouraging imports, especially of foodstuffs, and have fostered inflation by stimulating demand for land and wage increases. PMID:12280381

Halliday, F

382

Resolving the International Debt Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since August 1982 the international debt crisis has dominated economic policymaking in the developing countries, economic relations between the debtor and creditor countries, the attention of the multilateral institutions in their dealings with the debtor nations, and private sector decisions on lending to the developing countries. The period since 1982 has seen some progress. Neither the commercial nor central banks

Stanley Fischer

1987-01-01

383

Review of Studies of the Economic Impact of the September 11, 2001, Terrorists Attacks on the World Trade Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A General Accounting Office (GAO) publication, this 40-page document identifies and assesses the studies of ten key reports from nine different organizations regarding the economic impact of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center buildings in New York City (NYC). The organizations included in this review are the NYC Office of the Comptroller, NY Governor and State Division of the Budget, NYC Partnership and Chamber of Commerce, Fiscal Policy Institute, NY State Senate Finance Committee, Milken Institute, NY State Assembly Ways and Means Committee, NYC Independent Budget Office, and the Federal Reserve Bank of NY. This document objectively explores the studies and estimations of each organization's report, and determines if they meet standard economic criteria for analyzing economic impacts. Overall, the review finds that the study by the NYC Partnership provided "the most comprehensive estimates."

2002-01-01

384

Money and the World Economic Growth. Extremely Fragile International Monetary System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is focusing on the world financial framework deterioration, as an adverse cost of the accelerated globalization of international goods & capital flows. The inclining of world monetary axis towards East by the accumulation of huge international reserves (in a few Asian countries) in contrast with the fast increase in Western twin deficits (mainly in the USA and more

George Georgescu

2006-01-01

385

Mongolia: Financing Education during Economic Transition. World Bank Discussion Papers 226. East Asia & Pacific Region Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews the changing compositions of public expenditures on education in Mongolia during recent economic transitions. It also assesses the impact of economic transition in Mongolia. The study recommends three complementary strategies to provide a more stable resource base to finance education: (1) rationalize public expenditures on…

Wu, Kin Bing

386

Economic justice in an unfair world: towards a level playing field By Ethan B. Kapstein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kapstein begins by stating that If any norm characterizes international economic relations, it is probably that they should be carried out on a level playing field p. xi . He then sets out to offer his vision of what such leveling would amount to. The book offers what he calls a liberal internationalist perspective on global economic justice, a view

MATHIAS RISSE

2007-01-01

387

Engaging with Economic Geography in the "Real" World: A Central Role for Field Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Debates concerning how to engage students with economic geography have ignored the important role of field teaching. This paper argues that fieldwork must remain a key component of economic geographical teaching and that it offers a variety of advantages to overcoming student disinterest in the sub-discipline. It goes on to argue that field…

Jones, Andrew

2006-01-01

388

Climate change impacts on the biophysics and economics of world fisheries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global marine fisheries are underperforming economically because of overfishing, pollution and habitat degradation. Added to these threats is the looming challenge of climate change. Observations, experiments and simulation models show that climate change would result in changes in primary productivity, shifts in distribution and changes in the potential yield of exploited marine species, resulting in impacts on the economics of

William W. L. Cheung; Vicky W. Y. Lam; Daniel Pauly; Samuel Herrick; U. Rashid Sumaila

2011-01-01

389

Economic systems and the Buddhist world view: the 21st century nexus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The possibility of a fruitful dialogue between Buddhism and economics has generally been repudiated in Western social science discourse. This situation is now changing in recognition of the key role of both social norms and beliefs, and economic matters, in current global political and military tensions, environmental problems, and efforts to change institutions and economies to bring higher levels of

Peter L. Daniels

2005-01-01

390

Crisis Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multiple recent disasters have put crisis management in the limelight. Consequently, many IT-related research efforts are under way to bring transformational changes to first responder and response organizations’ ability to contain and mitigate crises.

Sharad Mehrotra; Taieb Znati; Craig W. Thompson

2008-01-01

391

Crisis communications.  

PubMed

Whether healthcare security is directly or indirectly involved in a crisis that will involve the media, it will pay to better familiarize yourself with the kind of planned responses discussed in this article to mitigate negative outcomes. PMID:18409459

Niewenhous, Daria; Sterling, Nancy

2008-01-01

392

Economic developmentism and change within the Brazilian urban system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The crisis and challenges faced by labour, including the trade unions and social movements have proportions not yet fully understood. The repercussions, owing to globalisation, also reached Third World countries, especially intermediate countries that hold important industrial estates such as Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, etc. Brazil is part of an economic, social, political and cultural context which has universal traces of

Ana Cristina Fernandes; Rovena Negreiros

2001-01-01

393

Global Water Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As mentioned in this Web site -- a free Web Focus from the journal Nature -- over one billion people in the world already lack access to clean water, a crisis that will only intensify as the global population swells and freshwater resource continue to dwindle. Nature offers an analysis of the situation with news stories, features and editorials, interactive graphics, and an archived article from the journal.

2003-01-01

394

Women and Work in the Third World: The Impact of Industrialization and Global Economic Interdependence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research presented at two conferences on women and work in the Third World indicates that the number of women workers in national and international industries has increased dramatically, thus increasing not only women's wage-earning capacity but also thei...

N. M. El-Sanabary M. Nagat

1983-01-01

395

Towards a One-World Economic Order. The Symposium's Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the working paper from an International Labour Office (ILO) symposium on international development and the role of workers' education. Covers the state of the world, poverty, worker education, labor unions, program planning, and the role of the ILO. (JOW)

Labour Education, 1987

1987-01-01

396

PRISTINE EQUATIONS, TAINTED ECONOMICS AND THE POST-WAR ORDER Or how the Cold War fashioned a formalist economics whose dominance remains inversely proportional to its explanatory power and functional to an irrational global order  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economics was in deep crisis well before the world economy buckled in 2008. Students had been turned off in droves by its relentless formalism; economists of renown were lambasting its irrelevance; and the informed public grew increasingly indifferent to the profession's intellectual output. And yet, a delicious paradox hovers over formalist economics: The greater its theoretical failure the stronger its

Yanis Varoufakis

397

Long Memory and Economic Growth in the World Economy Since the 19th Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

We discuss the relevance of long memory for the investigation of long-term economic growth and then briefly review the state-of-the-art\\u000a of statistical estimators of long memory on small samples and their application to economic datasets. We discuss theoretical\\u000a mechanisms for long memory such as cross-sectional heterogeneity. We argue that this endogeneity should be explained endogenously\\u000a and not simply assumed. Evolutionary

Gerald Silverberg; Bart Verspagen

2003-01-01

398

The Economic Effects of the Soccer World Cup 2006 in Germany with Regard to Different Financing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some results using the sport-economic simulation model SPORT. This model is based on a sport-specific input-output table for the year 1993, which has been integrated into the German INFORGE model. The performance of this model founded on the INFORUM philosophy. The results illustrate the importance of modelling sport-economic activities in deep detail, especially the integration of the

Gerd Ahlert

2001-01-01

399

Economic policy trends in post-World War II Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent economic disturbances in Latin America-particularly the currency crises in Mexico in 1994-95 and Brazil in 1998-99-have prompted significant research and debate over financial sector reforms and appropriate monetary and fiscal policy for the region. The recent discussion over dollarization is but one of many such debates. ; As the author of this article demonstrates, the current rethinking of economic

Carlos Lozada

1999-01-01

400

Capital regulation of financial institutions, the role of ratings and the tension field between regulation and economic reality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capital regulation of financial institutions, the role of ratings and the tension field between regulation and economic realityOver the past decade, the economic environment has been characterised by high-profile business scandals and failures, in which different company stakeholders were involved. In July 2007, the world entered the most profound and disruptive crisis since 1929. Initially originating in the US,

Elisabeth Van Laere

2011-01-01

401

World  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Natural forests store vast amounts of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere, and play an important role in the global carbon cycle. Given the significance of natural forests, there is a lack of carbon accounting of primary forests that are undisturbed by human activities. One reason for this lack of interest stems from ecological orthodoxy that suggests that primary forests should be close to dynamic equilibrium, in that Net Ecosystem Production (NEP) approaches zero. However, recent results from the northern hemisphere and tropics, using eddy covariance flux towers, indicate that primary forests are a greater sink than first thought. The role of evergreen primary forests in Australian carbon balance studies remain uncertain and hence may function differently to their deciduous counterparts in the Northern Hemisphere. In order to address the lack of baseline carbon accounts, an undisturbed, 300 year old Mountain Ash (Eucalyptus regnans) ecosystem, located in the Central Highlands of Victoria (Australia) was selected as a permanent study site to investigate carbon and water budgets over diurnal, seasonal and annual cycles. Mountain Ash trees are the world's tallest angiosperms (flowering plants), and one of the largest carbon reservoirs in the biosphere, with an estimated 1900 tC ha-1. A 110 m tall micrometeorological tower that includes eddy covariance instrumentation was installed in August 2005. An independent biometric approach quantifying the annual net gain or loss of carbon was also made within close proximity to the flux tower. Analysis of NEP in 2006 suggests that the ecosystem acted as a carbon sink of 2.5 tC ha-1 yr-1. Woody and soil biomass increment for the same year was estimated to be 2.8 tC ha-1yr-1, in which nearly half of the biomass production was partitioned into the aboveground woody tissue. These results indicate that temperate primary forests act as carbon sinks, and are able to maintain their carbon sink status due to their uneven stand structure. Such baseline carbon accounts are essential if we are to accurately value and predict the carbon stored in natural forests. Clearly more emphasis should be placed on the sustainable management of natural forests as they may represent a long term sink of carbon.

Kilinc, M.; Beringer, J.; Hutley, L.; Kurioka, K.; Wood, S.; D'Argent, N.; Martin, D.; McHugh, I.; Tapper, N.; McGuire, D.

2009-04-01

402

The economics of abundance: coal and cotton in Lancashire and the world.  

PubMed

As a subterranean, highly elastic energy source, coal played a vital role in the cotton industry revolution. Coal was also vital to Lancashire's primacy in this revolution, because it was necessary both to the original accumulation of agglomeration economies before the steam age and to their reinforcement during the steam age. In no other part of the world was the cotton industry situated on a coalfield, and the response of other parts of the world cotton industry to Lancashire's agglomeration advantages was dispersal in search of cheap water and/or labour power. Lancashire coal helped to shape the global pattern of cotton production. PMID:20617581

Balderston, Theo

2010-01-01

403

Proceedings of the World Bank Annual Conference on Development Economics, 1990. Held in Washington, DC. on April 26-27, 1990. Supplement to the World Bank Economic Review and the World Bank Research Observer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: A Perspective on Economic Transition in Czechoslovakia and Eastern Europe; Policies to Move from Stabilization to Growth; Macroeconomic Policy and Growth: Some Lessons of Experience; The Environment and Emerging Development Issues; Regional Sust...

S. Fischer D. de Tray S. Shah

1991-01-01

404

Climate change impacts on the biophysics and economics of world fisheries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global marine fisheries are underperforming economically because of overfishing, pollution and habitat degradation. Added to these threats is the looming challenge of climate change. Observations, experiments and simulation models show that climate change would result in changes in primary productivity, shifts in distribution and changes in the potential yield of exploited marine species, resulting in impacts on the economics of fisheries worldwide. Despite the gaps in understanding climate change effects on fisheries, there is sufficient scientific information that highlights the need to implement climate change mitigation and adaptation policies to minimize impacts on fisheries.

Sumaila, U. Rashid; Cheung, William W. L.; Lam, Vicky W. Y.; Pauly, Daniel; Herrick, Samuel

2011-12-01

405

The evaluation of research papers in the XXI century. The Open Peer Discussion system of the World Economics Association  

PubMed Central

The paper starts with a brief discussion of the traditional peer review (TPR) system of research evaluation, its role, and the criticisms levelled at it. An analysis of specific problems in economics leads to a full discussion of the Open Peer Review (OPR) system developed by the World Economics Association (WEA) and the principles behind it. The system is open in the following two respects: (a) disclosure of names of authors and reviewers; and (b) inclusivity of potential reviewers in terms of paradigmatic approaches, country, and community. The paper then discusses the applicability of the same system to other disciplines. In doing so, it stressed the aims of various evaluation systems and the possible pitfalls of rating systems. It also speculates on the future of journal publication.

Ietto-Gillies, Grazia

2012-01-01

406

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2013-01-01

407

The New Configuration of the Asia-Pacific Economy and Sino-American Economic Relations I. Position of the Asia-Pacific Region in the World Economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in the 1990s, post-cold war global politics and economics shaped a new configuration. The formerly antagonistic bipolar environment was replaced by a multipolar one. This was concretely manifested in the fact that the three large economic groups of Western Europe, North America, and East Asia were dominating the world economy, making up two-thirds of the world's manufacture and trade.

Yang Sizheng

1994-01-01

408

Governing the Irish Economy: A Triple Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The international economic crisis hit Ireland hard from 2007 on. Ireland’s membership of the Euro had a significant effect on the policy configuration in the run-up to the crisis, as this had shaped credit availability, bank incentives, fiscal priorities, and wage bargaining practices in a variety of ways. But domestic political choices shaped the terms on which Ireland experienced the

Sebastian Dellepiane; Niamh Hardiman

2011-01-01

409

Debtor States and the World Market: Explaining Mexican and Brazilian Foreign Economic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ways in which world market instabilities affect indebted developing countries and explanations of their differential policy responses are the central issues addressed in this paper. The development of Brazil and Mexico is examined as examples of middle-income developing nations whose economies have assumed dependent development. Dependent…

Gayle, Dennis John

410

Investment in Stadia and Regional Economic Development—Evidence from FIFA World Cup 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the case of the new stadiums for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany, this paper is the first multivariate work that examines the potential income and employment effects of new stadiums outside of the USA. This study is also the first work on this topic that conducts tests on the basis of a (serial correlation consistent) Difference-in-Difference model

Arne Feddersen; André Leão Grötzinger; Wolfgang Maennig

2009-01-01

411

Investment in Stadia and Regional Economic Development - Evidence from FIFA World Cup 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the case of the new stadiums for the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany, this paper is the first multivariate work that examines the potential income and employment effects of new stadiums outside of the USA. This study is also the first work on this topic that conducts tests on the basis of a (serial correlation consistent) Difference-in-Difference model

Arne Feddersen; André Grötzinger; Wolfgang Maennig

2008-01-01

412

Predicting the Economic Impact of the 2010 FIFA World Cup on South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following paper is an excerpt from my essay on the impact of the 2010 FIFA World Cup. The sections presented here focus on the literature relevant to South Africa’s hosting of the 2010 tournament, and on the lessons that have been learnt in preparing for previous mega-events. Factors that make South Africa’s situation unique are also considered.

Heinrich R. Bohlmann

2006-01-01

413

Resources and development: natural resource policies and economic development in an interdependent world  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural resources are distributed very unevenly among the countries of the world, and there is often little relationship between the location of strategic resources and population densities or between resources and developmental aspirations and current levels of living and consumption patterns. Consequently, substantial quantities of most natural resources or their immediate products move in international trade. There is a renewed

P. Dorner; M. A. El-Shafie

1980-01-01

414

Why Was the Arab World Poised for Revolution? Schooling, Economic Opportunities, and the Arab Spring  

Microsoft Academic Search

What underlying long-term conditions set the stage for the Arab Spring? In recent decades, the Arab region has been characterized by an expansion in schooling coupled with weak labor market conditions. This pattern is especially pronounced in those countries that saw significant upheaval during the first year of the Arab Spring uprisings. We argue that the lack of adequate economic

Filipe R. Campante; Davin Chor

2012-01-01

415

Preparing Tanzania's Young Children for the Economic World: Possibilities for Collaboration with Other Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is a critical analysis of the role of the Tanzanian education system in enhancing young children's awareness of economic aspects around them. The major factors the paper considers are: the poverty of the country; the prominence of the education system as a socializing agent for children; the aim of early education in Tanzania; and…

Mushi, Selina L. P.

416

Facing the Second World War: Strategy, Politics, and Economics in Britain and France 1938-1940  

Microsoft Academic Search

Covering the period from the late 1930s up to the spring of 1940, this book offers the first systematic comparison of how two countries, Britain and France, responded to the possibility and then reality of total war by examining developments in three dimensions: strategic, domestic political, and political economic. To date, studies of French and British policies during this period

Talbot C. Imlay

417

Politics and economics of American arms transfers in the post World War Two era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major economic and political theories about arms transfers are extracted from the literature. These theories are then tested to see how accurate they are in explaining arms transfers. The method used for this testing is to create analytic measures for each theory and then to compare actual data on arms transfers with the assumptions and predictions of each theory.

Johnson

1987-01-01

418

Serving the world's poor: innovation at the base of the economic pyramid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the hypothesis that there are common challenges and approaches in serving low-income customers in developing markets, and that these can be articulated and refined to get better business results. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This article derives from research on serving customers at the bottom of the economic pyramid in industries such as

Jamie Anderson; Niels Billou

2007-01-01

419

Contagion of a Crisis, Corporate Governance and Credit Rationing  

Microsoft Academic Search

My dissertation aims at understanding three critical issues confronting the financial world: contagion of a crisis, corporate governance, and credit rating. It contains four chapters. Through examining the contagion of a crisis, Chapter 1 presents a model in which the contagion of a liquidity crisis between two non-financial institutions occurs due to the learning within a common creditor pool. After

Dong Chuhl Oh

2011-01-01

420

The Asian currency crisis and the Australian health industry.  

PubMed

This article identifies linkages between the Australian health industry and the global economy. It discusses some of the consequences of the Asian currency crisis of 1997-98 for the Australian economy and health industry, with special emphasis upon exports. Devaluation of the Australian dollar will increase the cost of most pharmaceutical and medical imports, but may offer competitive advantages to some Australian exporters. The nascent engagement with Asia of many health industry enterprises is likely to be stifled. It is therefore important for Australian governments, as well as the Australian health industry, to provide intelligence and encouragement to those enterprises that wish to continue their engagement with Asia or resume it when economic equilibrium returns. Markets throughout the world must also be further developed. The crisis may therefore provide the stimulus for re-thinking and re-stating Australian health export policy. PMID:10537568

Barraclough, S

1998-01-01

421

Crisis and Recovery 1997-99 East Asia Revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper provides an overview of salient features of the Asian currency crisis and its resolution; seeks to explain the different phases of the crisis in terms of the underlying economic mechanism and operation of exogenous factors; and draws some preventive as also prescriptive policy conclusions. The Asian crisis, it appears, was characterised by a single cycle in the real

MIHIR RAKSHIT

2000-01-01

422

The financial crisis: What is there to learn?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many are currently studying the origins of the financial crisis in an attempt to answer two seemingly simple questions: why did it happen, and can another crisis be prevented? Those two questions have proved incredibly divisive. The majority opinion of The United States Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission was submitted with two dissenting positions. Furthermore, The 2010 Economic Report of the

Tadeusz Kowalski; Yochanan Shachmurove

2011-01-01

423

The World Food Problem. A Case Study of a Home Economics Teaching Unit in Development Education. Development Education Paper No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed as a means of fostering concern for world issues within an Eltham College (Australia) Year 12 home economics course, "Human Development and Society," this teaching unit has five broad topics: (1) the social significance of food; (2) Australian food patterns; (3) the world food problem; (4) detailed study of nutrients; and (5) human…

Dunstan, Carol

424

Education, Production, and Economic Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a theory of the relationship between education and the economy that attempts to go beyond those theories that posit either that education is autonomous of the production structure or that stress is a functional correspondence between the nature of education and the workplace. (Editor/CT)|

Carnoy, Martin

1985-01-01

425

International Crisis Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 100 staff members on five continents, the International Crisis Group is an independent non-profit organization that is dedicated to utilizing field-based analysis and advocacy "to prevent and resolve deadly conflict". The Group is well-known for its various efforts, and visitors can learn about the current organization and its latest annual report in the "About Crisis Group" section of the site. The homepage of the site is organized in an efficient manner, and also provides direct access to the Group's latest reports and briefings, such as "Coca, Drugs and Social Protest in Bolivia and Peru" and "Macedonia: Not out of the Woods Yet". Visitors may also want to browse the Group's current outreach efforts by looking through the "Programs" area, which lists activities and publications from different parts of the world. Visitors may also elect to sign up to receive email updates about the Group's work as well.

426

Korea's Trade, Growth of Trade and the World Economy in Post-crisis ASEAN+3 Free Trade Agreement: An Econometric and Policy Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Korean economy had achieved economic 'miracles' in the past, but it currently faces many challenges, economically and politically (Tran Van Hoa, 2002), compounded by a global economic slowdown with hesitant recovery (IMF, 2004), terrorist attacks, regional wars, the SARS and avian flu outbreaks in Asia, and domestic and global uncertainty ahead. The paper introduces the extended gravity theory to

Tran Van Hoa

2004-01-01

427

Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2011-01-01

428

Hypertensive Crisis  

MedlinePLUS

... considered a hypertensive crisis. To reduce morbidity and mortality in this situation, early evaluation of organ function ... not wait to see if your pressure comes down on its own. Seek emergency medical ... away. This content was last reviewed on 04/04/2012.

429

Long Memory and Economic Growth in the World Economy Since the 19th Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the relevance of long memory for the investigation of long-term economic growth and then briefly review the state-of-the-art of statistical estimators of long memory on small samples and their application to economic datasets. We discuss theoretical mechanisms for long memory such as cross-sectional heterogeneity. We argue that this endogeneity should be explained endogenously and not simply assumed. Evolutionary models of growth appear to offer one natural explanation of such heterogeneity. Using the Maddison (1995) [1] data on 16 countries starting in 1870, supplemented by more recent data down to the year 2001, we then apply different estimators to test the hypothesis of long memory on individual country GDP and GDP per capita. These estimators are Beran's FGN nonparametric test based on an approximate Whittle ML estimator, Robinson's semiparametric log periodogram regressor, Sowell's parametric ML ARFIMA estimator and the ML FAR estimator. The results are mixed and somewhat ambiguous between methods. Moving from the nonparametric to the parametric methods (i.e., controlling for short memory) we find less evidence of long memory. We find that Robinson's semiparametric method also suffers from severe sensitivity to the cutoff parameters. We compare our results with those of Michelacci and Zaffaroni [2] and criticize their methodology. We conclude that the lack until now of a single test that deals successfully with all known problems (small sample bias, short memory contamination, specification error, parameter sensitivity) precludes the formulation of a definitive statement about long memory in economic growth.

Silverberg, G.; Verspagen, B.

430

Leveraging World Bank Resources for the Poorest: IDA Blended Financing Facility Proposal - Working Paper 214  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the Millennium Development Goals deadline only five years away, the international donor community faces significant challenges due to the global economic crisis, record government deficits, and simultaneous funding requests from nearly every multilateral development institution. This paper proposes a new World Bank financing model for creditworthy emerging economies, such as India and Vietnam, which currently receive billions of dollars

Benjamin Leo

2010-01-01

431

The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)|

Bockris, J. O'M.

1974-01-01

432

The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

Bockris, J. O'M.

1974-01-01

433

The Energy Crisis: A Continuing Disaster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To school business managers, the energy crisis is a continuing economic disaster as energy costs continue to climb and schools are without money to make necessary renovations to reduce energy consumption. (Author/IRT)

Savage, David

1976-01-01

434

The euro crisis and crisis management: big lessons from a small island  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following an overview of the economics of the current financial crisis, and the phenomenon of the Irish ‘Celtic Tiger’, this\\u000a article argues that the current Irish-crisis and purported Euro-crisis are specific examples of the failure of banks internationally\\u000a to exercise appropriate prudential care when making loans to both individuals and governments. The policy issue is thus one\\u000a of banking supervision

Cillian Ryan

2011-01-01

435

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)|

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

436

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

437

Quali valutazioni economiche in tempo di crisi?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global situation of economic crisis is also an opportunity to reflect on the evaluation tools used for cultural activities. From one side, especially the economic impact analyses are crucial to assess the economical effects of the cultural activities in order to show the benefits on a local society; from the other one - due to the lack of other

Dal Pozzolo Luca; Bollo Alessandro

2009-01-01

438

Financial Crisis with Global Banks  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this presentation, the authors argue that not all developing countries are innocent victims of the current global financial-economic crisis. In the case of Latin America, the structural transformations of the last decades have left the region highly exposed to changes in the global economy. In this sense, Mexico offers a noteworthy extreme. While many Latin American countries have made

Gregorio Vidal; Wesley Marshall

439

The Impact of Life Events on Perceived Financial Stress, Clothing-Specific Lifestyle, and Retail Patronage: The Recent IMF Economic Crisis in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Andreasen’s Model of Life Change Effects as a theoretical framework, the purpose of this study was to develop and test a model that depicts the direct and indirect influence of a life event, the Korean International Monetary Fund (IMF) crisis, on financial stress, clothing-specific lifestyle, and retail patronage behavior. A total of 502 females from two major metropolitan cities

Soyeon Shim; Pil Gyo Cho

2000-01-01

440

City crisis response system based on mesh wireless self-organization network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays the international world is full of dormant enormous crisis, so the crisis response system is to be more thought of. This paper introduces how to use the mesh wireless self-organization network to monitor the city when the crisis happens and establishes the system network structure. The crisis response system adopts the access\\/one as the mainly wireless communication means and

Jingwen Tian; Shiru Zhou; Meijuan Gao

2008-01-01

441

Research on construction of small and medium-sized enterprise crisis management system  

Microsoft Academic Search

China's SME have to build a scientific crisis management system under the context of knowledge economy era in economic globalization and international competition. SME crisis management system consists of three parts: warning management system mechanism-based of prevention to early pre-crisis, control processing system, whose core is to communicate when a crisis occurs, recovery management system to summarize and assess the

MO Qil; Guo-yuan Han; Na Fu

2011-01-01

442

euro zone crisis 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

The euro zone crisis is commonly regarded as a sovereign debt crisis. This definition certainly applies to Greece, but the Irish case represents an almost pure specimen of a banking crisis voluntarily transformed into a sovereign crisis. A debt crisis in two small, peripheral economies could become systemic because the financial system of the euro area is overstretched and highly

Daniel Gros; Cinzia Alcidi

443

Crisis behavior  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Defense has rules and procedures to minimize the opportunity for error and improper behavior among those with access to strategic weapons, but no psychiatric screening system can predict with assurance who will or will not behave rationally during a crisis. Personal problems and institutional decision-making pressures may destroy nuclear deterrence. Certain features of military life, including drug and alcohol abuse, heavy responsibility, tension, and group decision making, can destreoy rationality. 12 references.

Grinspoon, L.

1984-04-01

444

Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The twelfth edition of this classic text has built upon the success of previous editions and has been thoroughly updated and revised to give students a deeper understanding and appreciation of the core principles of Economics. Suitable for beginners, Economics is accessible but has a rigour that will stretch readers to achieve their full potential. In-depth explanations of key theoretical

Richard G. Lipsey; Gordon R. Sparks; Peter O. Steiner

1979-01-01

445

Crisis in the church, church in crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

iting from the anthropological perspective, hilip Jenkins cogently argues that to take the proper measure of the sexual scandals that have been rocking the American Catholic Church we should place them in global context. American Catholics, he reminds us constitute a mere sixth of the world's Catholic population, which is ever more likely to live in the non-Western, less economically

Elizabeth Fox-Genovese

2003-01-01

446

Statistical Physics of Economic Systems: a Survey for Open Economies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We extend the theoretical framework of an independent economy developed by Tao [Phys. Rev. E 82 (2010) 036118] so as to include multiple economies. Since the starting point of our framework is on the basis of the theory of the competitive markets of traditional economics, this framework shall be suitable for any free market. Our study shows that integration of world economies can decrease trade friction among economic systems, but may also cause a global economic crisis whenever economy disequilibrium occurs in any one of these economic systems.

Tao, Yong; Chen, Xun

2012-05-01

447

Economic growth and obesity: an interesting relationship with world-wide implications.  

PubMed

The prosperity of a country, commonly measured in terms of its annual per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), has different relationships with population levels of body weight and happiness, as well as environmental impacts such as carbon emissions. The aim of this study was to examine these relationships and to try to find a level of GDP, which provides for sustainable economic activity, optimal happiness and healthy levels of mean body mass index (BMI). Spline regression analyses were conducted using national indices from 175 countries: GDP, adult BMI, mean happiness scores, and carbon footprint per capita for the year 2007. Results showed that GDP was positively related to BMI and happiness up to ?$US3000 and ?$5000 per capita respectively, with no significant relationships beyond these levels. GDP was also positively related to CO(2) emissions with a recognised sustainable carbon footprint of less than 5 tonnes per capita occurring at a GDP of <$US15,000. These findings show that a GDP between $US5 and $15,000 is associated with greater population happiness and environmental stability. A mean BMI of 21-23 kg/m(2), which minimises the prevalence of underweight and overweight in the population then helps to define an ideal position in relation to growth, which few countries appear to have obtained. Within a group of wealthy countries (GDP>$US30,000), those with lower income inequalities and more regulated (less liberal) market systems had lower mean BMIs. PMID:22305524

Egger, Garry; Swinburn, Boyd; Islam, F M Amirul

2012-01-20

448

Availability of palliative care services for children with cancer in economically diverse regions of the world  

PubMed Central

Purpose We assessed the availability and quality of palliative care for children with cancer according to national income per capita. Methods We surveyed physicians who care for children with cancer using the Cure4Kids website (http://www.cure4kids.org). Queries addressed oncology practice site; reimbursement; specialized palliative care, pain management, and bereavement care; location of death; decision-making support; and perceived quality of care. Responses were categorized by low -, middle-, and high-income country (LIC, MIC, HIC). Results Of 262 completed questionnaires from 58 countries (response rate, 59.8%), 242 were evaluable (55%). Out-of-pocket payment for oncology (14.8%), palliative care (21.9%), and comfort care medications (24.3%) was most likely to be required in LIC (p<0.001). Availability of specialized palliative care services, pain management, bereavement care, and institutional or national decision-making support was inversely related to income level. Availability of high-potency opioids (p=0.018) and adjuvant drugs (p=0.006) was significantly less likely in LIC. Physicians in LIC were significantly less likely than others to report high-quality pain control (p<0.001), non-pain symptom control (p=0.003), and emotional support (p=0.001); bereavement support (p=0.035); interdisciplinary care (p<0.001); and parental participation in decisions (p=0.013). Conclusion Specialized palliative care services are unavailable to children with cancer in economically diverse regions, but particularly in LIC. Access to adequate palliation is associated with national income. Program development strategies and collaborations less dependent on a single country’s economy are suggested.

Delgado, Eduardo; Barfield, Raymond C.; Baker, Justin N.; Hinds, Pamela S.; Yang, Jie; Nambayan, Ayda; Quintana, Yuri; Kane, Javier R

2010-01-01

449

Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)|

James, L. D.

1978-01-01

450

Reclaiming and Championing Human Dignity @ Anti-Globalization Protests? RePositioning New Advocacies for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Global Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thanks to recent global fi nancial crisis, the profi t-maximization modus operandi for capitalism is likely structurally collapsed, if not dead. And humanist ideals for social development are being rediscovered, echoing the decade-long glocal callings from anti-globalization protests: transnational advocacies for human dignity are visibly infl uential, shaping the 2005 (21st March) United Nations' calling for In Larger Freedom: Towards

On-Kwok Lai

451

Overpopulation crisis.  

PubMed

This article reviews field research on the violent response on the part of animals to conditions of crowding. Monkey species in zoos have consistently been noted to be more quarrelsome and violent than their counterparts in the wild. Up to a certain critical population density various animal species form cooperative social units; however, a surplus population upsets this balance. In addition, under conditions of intense crowding, mammal's care and protection of the young is transformed into indifference, neglect, competition, domination, and ultimately murder. The reversal of social behavior under crowded conditions can be understood as a means of response to a population crisis, in which population is in danger of outrunning resources. In the absence of confinement, tensions among monkeys lead to war between bands. A community weakened by crowding also is more likely to succumb to certain stress diseases and to have less resilience against parasites. Under various special conditions, tolerance may evolve to permit temporary compression without violence; on the other hand, when a violent response is suppressed, the response tends to be explosive when it does occur. If population reduction is delayed too long, the result may be violence, famine, and permanent damage to the environment from overgrazing. In human society there has generally been a lag in the full development of the violent response to crowding. Given the power of modern military technology, it is imperative that human populations avert a population crisis response by substituting voluntary fertility control for involuntary mortality control. PMID:12340737

Russell, C; Russell Wms

1984-01-01

452

Officers in Crisis: New York City Police Officers Who Assisted the Families of Victims of the World Trade Center Terrorist Attack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following September 11, 2001, considerable research focused on the well-being of disaster and recovery workers at the World Trade Center in New York. Yet police officers who assisted the families of victims have been neglected. These officers worked long shifts escorting families to the site of the attack, reviewing lists of the deceased, distributing death certificates and memorial urns, and

Chaya S. Piotrkowski; Grace A. Telesco

2011-01-01

453

The Social Functions of Iranian Education: An Historical Survey Related to the Current Political Crisis. 1979 World Education Monograph Series, Number Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the Shah of Iran should be admired for his efforts to use education to deal with formidable social challenges, his goal of producing a modern state in a single generation was unrealistic. Entrenched traditional values and unpredicted economic changes such as the need in 1977 to slow down Iran's rate of growth in the face of runaway…

Woolman, David C.

454

The Social Functions of Iranian Education: An Historical Survey Related to the Current Political Crisis. 1979 World Education Monograph Series, Number Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the Shah of Iran should be admired for his efforts to use education to deal with formidable social challenges, his goal of producing a modern state in a single generation was unrealistic. Entrenched traditional values and unpredicted economic changes such as the need in 1977 to slow down Iran's rate of growth in the face of runaway…

Woolman, David C.

455

Shared Mental Models, Catch-up Development and Economic PolicyMaking: The Case of Germany after World War II and Its Significance for Contemporary Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the connection between politically induced catch-up development, cultural and intellectual traditions and economic order in Germany and Russia. It is argued that in the history of both countries we encounter significant structural parallels, including the totalitarian experience. After World War II the German political elite managed to implement capitalism in a country, the population of which

Joachim Zweynert

2004-01-01

456

Shared Mental Models, Catch-up Development and Economic PolicyMaking: The Case of Germany after World War II and its Significance for Contemporary Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the connection between politically induced catch-up development, cultural and intellectual traditions and economic order in Germany and Russia. It is argued that in the history of both countries we encounter significant structural parallels, including the totalitarian experience. After World War II the German political élite managed to implement capitalism in a country, the population of which

Joachim Zweynert

2006-01-01

457

Small-Scale Industries in Kenya: A Case Study of Economic Development. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is a case study designed to introduce secondary school social studies students to a project in Kenya established to strengthen small-scale industries. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a sound filmstrip, and a teacher's guide. The pamphlet, "Economic Summary: Kenya," points out the severe problems…

Baldwin, Harriet; Ross-Larson, Bruce, Ed.

458

NEW MOTIVATION APPROACHES DURING THE CRISIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economic crisis has brought significant changes not only in the organization but also in the way of thinking and perception of employees. There are a few cases in which, for a signifiant number of employees, motivation meant more than physiological or secure needs (according to Maslow's theory). Nowadays, as a result of the existing economic situation, some of those

Loredana Iordache; Radu Criveanu

2010-01-01

459

Valuation in insurance and financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the course of the recent financial crisis, the issue of asset valuation has regularly moved to center stage, due both to the sharp fluctuations observed in numerous assets, making economic measurement difficult, but also to the impact that fluctuations can have on the behaviour of economic agents that are required to submit annual financial statements –or even interim or

P. Trainar

2008-01-01

460

The Identity Crisis of Educational Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational planning is presently confronted by an identity crisis. As long as it was believed that educational expansion was a principal ingredient for securing economic growth, democratic political processes, and greater equality of economics and social participation, the tenets and practice of educational planning were rarely questioned.…

Levin, Henry M.

461

Scanning Our Future. A Report from the NGO Forum on the World Economic Order in Support of the Seventh Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Development and International Economic Cooperation (September 1-12, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of the Seventh Special Session at the Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) presents an account of the Forum on World Economic Order. Its purpose is to gain public awareness of the issues debated. The core of this report is the unique exchange of over 50 opinions which provide a compendium of ideas and judgments in the…

Archer, Angus, Ed.

462

Scanning Our Future. A Report from the NGO Forum on the World Economic Order in Support of the Seventh Special Session of the UN General Assembly on Development and International Economic Cooperation (September 1-12, 1975).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report of the Seventh Special Session at the Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) presents an account of the Forum on World Economic Order. Its purpose is to gain public awareness of the issues debated. The core of this report is the unique exchange of over 50 opinions which provide a compendium of ideas and judgments in the…

Archer, Angus, Ed.

463

Principal-principal conflicts during crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores principal-principal conflicts in corporate governance during times of economic crisis. We address the\\u000a question: What external and internal governance mechanisms can best protect minority shareholders? Drawing on 877 publicly\\u000a listed large corporations with concentrated ownership in seven Asian countries and regions, we compare different control structures\\u000a between family firms and non-family firms during crisis. We find that

Yi Jiang; Mike W. Peng

2011-01-01

464

From Coffee Beans to Microchips: Export Diversification and Economic Growth in Costa Rica  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the early 1980s Costa Rica experienced its worst economic crisis since World War II, which led to the abandonment of the import substitution model of development adopted in the 1960s. This severe economic downturn also spurred the implementation of a series of new policies supporting foreign investment in high-value-added industries and the diversification of the nation’s exports. As a

Gustavo F. C. Ferreira

2009-01-01

465

Handbook of Monetary Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We develop a canonical framework to think about credit market frictions and aggregate economic activity in the context of the current crisis. We use the framework to address two issues in particular: first, how disruptions in financial intermediation can induce a crisis that affects real activity; and second, how various credit market interventions by the central bank and the Treasury

Mark Gertler; Nobuhiro Kiyotaki

466

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

467

Global imbalances and prospects for the world economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most explanations of the current economic and financial crisis focus on its financial causes. Often missing in these explanations is a discussion of how the seeds of the crisis were sown by economic policies in major countries that fostered the growth of global imbalances during the 2000s. Moreover, just as these imbalances created the current crisis, exactly how they are

Steven Dunaway

2009-01-01

468

Regional aspects of the energy crisis: East European case study  

SciTech Connect

The energy crisis occurring in Eastern Europe owes much to the Stalinist model of energy-intensive industrialization applied to a basically energy short region still partially isolated from the world energy market. Systemic factors are thus much more important than in the West. Due to this, solutions to the energy crisis in the East of Europe, be it through supply augmentation or conservation, belong as much in the sphere of politics and ideology as they do in the sphere of economics. The dissertation examines in a systematic manner the evolution and prospects of the energy economy in the region (Chapter 1), the present sectoral pattern of energy consumption (Chapter 2), and conversion (thermo-electric conversion in Chapter 3 and oil refining in Chapter 4). Four subsequent chapters are devoted to individual energy-consuming sectors such as industry, transportation, agriculture, and households. Finally, the potential and problems of energy conservation in Eastern Europe are analyzed in the context of broader economic policies and concerns of the states of the region. In the conclusion, topics in the energy economy of Eastern Europe requiring further study are outlined.

Merkin, V.O.

1985-01-01

469

Surviving a Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses crisis-management planning for college and university campuses that can contribute to effective and rapid response and wise decision making during not only natural disasters, but also those that are manmade. Crisis-management tips are highlighted. (GR)|

Kennedy, Mike

1999-01-01

470

The Management of the Costs of Crisis Management Eurozone, EU 2020 and the Future of European Integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the European Union (EU) was not the main source of the global financial and economic crisis, as one of the leading economic players, it was fundamentally affected by the immediate and longer-term consequences of the crisis. Similarly, it is expected that it would play an important role in how to get out of the crisis (not yet clear, whether

András Inotai

2011-01-01

471

Financial liberalization and economy crisis: macromodelling the Thai economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introductory part of this thesis identifies developments in world financial markets, and then focuses upon the financial crisis that afflicted East Asia and Thailand in particular. The crisis in Thailand that began in mid 1997 occurred due to a loss of intemational and domestic confidence in the Thai economy arising from the weakness of its financial sector. This in

Wilai Auepiyachut

2000-01-01

472

The Political Economy of the Asian Financial Crisis: Korea and Thailand Compared  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussion of the causes of Asia's economic crisis has been dominated by a focus on economic and especially international economic factors. To the extent attention has been paid to the role of the domestic and the political, it has been in relatively broad terms, such as crony capitalism, weak leadership, or autocratic government. Given the spread of the crisis across

Stephan Haggard; Andrew MacIntyre

473

Warfare, Economic Performance And The Struggle For World Hegemony In The Early Modern Period: Guns Versus Butter In Eighteenth-Century Britain And Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing the existence of budgetary trade-offs in eighteenth-century Britain and Spain can contribute to resolve the debate on the economic impact of warfare and its relationships with the military potential of nations and the struggle for world supremacy during the early modern period. We have constructed several empirical models to search for trade-offs in order to show which country had

José Jurado-Sánchez; Miguel Jerez-Méndez

2012-01-01

474

Warfare, Economic Performance And The Struggle For World Hegemony In The Early Modern Period: Guns Versus Butter In Eighteenth-Century Britain And Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing the existence of budgetary trade-offs in eighteenth-century Britain and Spain can contribute to resolve the debate on the economic impact of warfare and its relationships with the military potential of nations and the struggle for world supremacy during the early modern period. We have constructed several empirical models to search for trade-offs in order to show which country had

José Jurado-Sánchez; Miguel Jerez-Méndez

2011-01-01

475

Trade Globalization, Economic Performance, and Social Protection: Nineteenth-Century British Laissez-Faire and Post World War II U.S.Embedded Liberalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

How have market and state shaped the long-term coevolution of economic performance and social protection during the nineteenth century and post World War II waves of globalization associated with British laissez-faire liberalism and U.S.-embedded liberalism? Under the impulse of seemingly ever-intensifying globalization, this question is emerging at the core of a novel body of political economy research that seeks to

Salvatore Pitruzzello

2004-01-01

476

Consumerism and the Crisis: Wither ‘the American Dream’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting with an inquiry into the socio-material foundations of American-style consumer capitalism as it emerged under Fordism and evolved under neoliberalism, this article seeks to outline the origins of the present economic crisis and the possible implications for the future of consumerism. The article argues that the ongoing crisis in the USA is not a regular cyclical downturn but signifies

Maria N. Ivanova

2011-01-01

477

The Failed Political Economy of the Euro Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The euro crisis has been extensively discussed in terms of economics, finance, political intrigues, and European institutions, but a key aspect—the political economy of the crisis—has received little attention. Politicians and social scientists from emerging economies, especially Eastern Europe, look with amazement at this oversight.

Anders Aslund

2011-01-01

478

Not just a mortgage crisis: how finance maimed society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mortgage meltdown that began in 2007 quickly transformed into a credit crisis and then into a broader economic crisis. The dramatic rise in home prices over the previous decade was unprece- dented in American history, as during the century prior to 1998 house prices had merely kept pace with inflation (Shiller, 2006). Yet the expectations of home owners and

Gerald F. Davis

2010-01-01

479

The role of the IMF in the European debt crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of the role of the IMF in the European debt crisis. It describes the rescue packages and the involvement of the IMF. The main part discusses the pros and cons of the participation of the IMF in elaborating and monitoring the economic adjustment programs for the countries in crisis. A last section concludes and tries

Franz Seitz; Thomas Jost

2012-01-01

480

Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California long enjoyed rapid growth, abundant jobs, and expanding college opportunity--key elements of the California dream. Now the state is struggling to recover from its worst economic crisis in generations, a demographic slowdown, a devastating collapse of the wealth of the state' families from the housing crisis, and severe cutbacks in…

Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

2011-01-01

481

Crisis Discourse in Ireland: Enterprise Discourse on an Edge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2007 international economic crisis may have begun in capitalism’s heartland with credit default swops and sub-prime mortages, nevertheless some of its most dramatic manifestations have been at the edge. In Europe, the peripheral economies of Iceland, Greece and Ireland have manifested crises that have shaken Europe to the core, and generated crisis discourse that may well prove central. Certainly

Brendan ORourke

2011-01-01

482

The Credit Crisis and Recession as a Paradigm Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the debate on what economics can learn from the credit crisis and recession. It asks what are the elements in the mainstream paradigm that caused many economists to misjudge the state of the economy so dramatically in the years leading up to the 2007 credit crisis and the 2008-2009 recession. It scrutinizes the work of twelve

Dirk J. Bezemer

2011-01-01

483

A Second Stage of the Crisis Characterized by Uncertainty  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the second quarter of 2009, global economic activity began to show signs of recovery after the recession caused by the subprime crisis. However, the optimism of late 2009 has given way to greater caution on the speed of the recovery, particularly in developed countries. This marks a second stage of the crisis characterized by uncertainty about the chances of

Jorge Carrera; Federico Grillo

2010-01-01

484

Policing the New World Order: An Alternative Strategy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The United States responded decisively in the recent Persian Gulf crisis. The Bush Administration considered successful resolution of this crisis a precursor to the 'new world order.' Many questions now confront policy makers as America approaches the 21s...

L. D. Huddleston

1991-01-01

485

Simulating crisis communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the need for simulation of voice and data communication demands during civil and military crisis events. Modeling of federal, state, and local civilian agencies in addition to military forces can lead to better planning and execution decisions during the crisis. The need has become particularly acute following recent terrorists attacks on the United States. Preliminary crisis communication

William S. Murphy Jr; Mark A. Flournoy

2002-01-01

486

Korea: The misunderstood crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article argues, against the conventional wisdom, that the current Korean crisis is a crisis from underregulation, rather than from overregulation. It argues that ill-managed financial liberalization, abandonment of investment coordination, and poor exchange rate management were the underlying causes of the crisis. It then argues that, while certain structural changes made such policy shifts somewhat inevitable, there were also

Ha-Joon Chang

1998-01-01

487

When a Crisis Strikes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Urges Catholic educators to develop a crisis communication plan to ensure that all communication with the press and public is handled promptly and thoroughly by a designated spokesperson. Describes workshops which simulate real-life challenges as a means of testing crisis management plans. Offers guidelines for the development of a crisis

Keebler, Barbara A.

1989-01-01

488

Crisis management - public relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers management of information and effective communication at times of crisis. Examines recent crises to illustrate how and why poor management of information and communication has had disastrous effects. Discusses basic rules together with preparation and training for crisis management, including a crisis checklist, phone lines, spokespersons, conveying the message and training support staff. Comments on the need for the

Linda S. Ashcroft

1997-01-01

489

Analysis of Chinese Enterprise Financial Crisis Prewarning Based on BP Neural Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the economic development of the emerging market countries, bankruptcy and financial crisis occur more and more frequently in business, credit and savings institutions, and thus the demand for enterprise financial crisis prewarning is rapidly growing. The main purpose of this paper to build a business financial crisis prewarning model based on BP neural network to conduct empirical analysis of

Shen Xiangguang; Song Xiaozhong

2010-01-01

490

The Limits of Minsky’s Financial Instability Hypothesis as an Explanation of the Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The financial crisis has been widely interpreted as a Minsky crisis. This paper argues that interpretation is misleading. The processes identified in Minsky's financial instability hypothesis played a critical role in the crisis, but that role was part of a larger economic drama involving the neoliberal growth model. The neoliberal model inaugurated an era of wage stagnation. In place of

Thomas I. Palley

2009-01-01

491

Linking External Sector Imbalances and Changing Financial Instability before the 2008 Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The G20 Framework for Strong, Sustainable and Balanced Growth builds on the claim that growing imbalances before the 2008 Financial Crisis were a major cause of the crisis, and the further claim that reducing imbalances post crisis must be a central part of any effort to prevent a further occurrence. Analytical literature in economics seemingly does not provide satisfactory measures

John Whalley; Manmohan Agarwal; Jing Wang; Sean Walsh; Chen Yan

2011-01-01

492

Energy and Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts how energy and economics mingle at many levels and offers social studies lessons which teach students about economic concepts through examination of the energy crisis. Concepts stressed are scarcity, economic growth, supply and demand, and opportunity cost. Lessons are intended for secondary school students. (DB)

Banaszak, Ronald A.

1980-01-01

493

Critical reflections on the economic impact assessment of a mega-event: the case of 2002 FIFA World Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sport tourism has received growing attention as a source of generating significant revenue and contributing major economic benefits to host cities, regions, and countries. However, current methods for assessing economic impact have had variable success in estimating tourist numbers and expenditure directly attributable to a sport tourism mega event. This paper reports on the assessment of one such event, the

Choong-Ki Lee; Tracy Taylor

2005-01-01

494

Refugee Crisis in the Balkans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News returns to Kosovo, where humanitarian workers and government officials warn that the refugee crisis is rapidly spinning out of control. What appears to be an organized and systematic expulsion of the ethnic Albanian population from Kosovo has created the worst humanitarian disaster in Europe since World War II. According to UN refugee officials, over 220,000 persons have fled or been expelled from Kosovo over the last ten days, to Albania, Macedonia, or Montenegro. With entry into Macedonia ground to an almost complete halt, Albania swollen with over 120,000 refugees, and thousands still behind them, the Kosovo-Macedonia border in particular has become a humanitarian nightmare; little food, shelter, or sanitation is available for people who have been forced from their homes with almost nothing. The sites listed provide information about this refugee crisis.

De Nie, Michael W.

1999-01-01

495

Approaching water-supply crisis  

SciTech Connect

Experts warn that US per capita use of 2000 gallons of water per day may lead to a resource crisis in the 1990s comparable to the energy crisis of the 70s. The drain on groundwater and the Ogallala and other aquifers for irrigation and industry is causing water tables to drop, ground to subside, seawater contamination, and other problems. Wornout and rusted water systems in the Northeast waste as much as 40% of the water they carry. Conservation efforts include user fees designed to increase awareness of the value of water, water recycling, and coordinated efforts to prevent pollution. Geologists blame the recent drop in water consumption on economic conditions, and warn that public policy must still come to grips with a program to manage supply and demand. Some farmers and businesses, however, are already employing water-saving techniques. 6 figures. (DCK)

Eason, H.

1983-08-01

496

Coral reefs in crisis.  

PubMed

This article reports on the crisis facing reefs throughout the world and the struggle to save them. Coral reefs, one of the biological wonders of the world, are among the largest and oldest living communities of plants and animals on earth, having been evolved between 200 and 450 million years ago. Located mostly in the Pacific region, most established coral reefs are now dead and only the upper layer is covered by a thin changeable skin of living coral. Reefs, over the years, have been the main source of animal protein for over 1 billion people in Asia. Countries near the coastlines, which relied on the seas, have resorted to dynamite fishing, poisoning and other illegal and dangerous techniques. Overpopulation and pollution has caused the deteriorating conditions of the 600,000 sq. km of coral reefs worldwide. Despite these conditions, the government has ignored this problem as they struggle to develop their economies at the expense of common resources. In addition, this article narrates the efforts that are exerted by governments in promoting coral reef protection and management of these coastal resources, setting the Apo Island in the Philippines as an example of good management and sustainability. PMID:12295817

Hinrichsen, D

1997-01-01

497

Economics and Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Economic matters are often entangled with interventions. Aid agencies need to understand where they can have the highest leverage,\\u000a and where aid may cause harmful economic distortions. Humanitarian interventions in crises will be more effective if the economic\\u000a and social root causes of the crisis are addressed as well. The root causes of insurgencies often include economic issues,\\u000a particularly economic

Alan K. Graham

498

Crisis and Threat in the International Setting: Some Relational Concepts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report summarizes recent research and theory on international political/military crises in world politics. Advances new concepts on the relationship between the theory of threat to national security and the theory of severe crisis responses. Outlines ...

C. A. McClelland

1975-01-01

499

World Tables, 1994. (World Bank).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1994 edition of the World Tables updates core socio-economic indicators given on country and topical pages in the 1993 edition. The data cover the period 1972 to 1992. This edition of World Tables contains data for 160 economies in the country pages, ...

1994-01-01

500

Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis

Eramo, Eric M.

2009-01-01