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1

Economic Crisis in Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sub-Saharan Africa is facing deep economic crisis. A situation has reached where there is total stagnation with zero per cent growth rate and no hope of recovery. Hunger is hovering over vast areas of Africa threatening the lives of 150 million people and every day people are dying of starvation. It is said, that nature and international economic relations are

Vijay Gupta

1985-01-01

2

Addressing the world water crisis  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The world is facing an impinging crisis on water as population growth continues, energy use increases, and affluence (standard of living) increases all requiring more water. Agriculture must find ways to use water more productively while improving the impact of agriculture on the environment. Agri...

3

Child and Family Policies in a Time of Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the beginning of 2008, a number of the world's major economies began to experience the effects of the biggest economic financial crisis in history. By the end of that year, the financial crisis was a global recession, and governments responded with changes to a suite of social and economic policies. Two broad stages of government response are…

Richardson, Dominic

2010-01-01

4

Economic crisis, downsizing and “layoff survivor's syndrome”  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with layoff survivor's syndrome following the 1997 economic crisis in South Korea. South Korea has been credited with quickly recovering from its economic crisis by implementing policies aimed at economic restructuring. However, researchers have discovered that, in addition to those directly affected by a lay-off, layoff survivors as well suffer from impacts on their mental health —

Wang-Bae Kim

2003-01-01

5

Economic Inequality and Economic Crisis: A Challenge for Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To social workers, extreme economic inequality is primarily a violation of social justice, but this article shows how growing economic inequality since the mid-1970s was not only unjust, but also dysfunctional to the U.S. economy and linked to the recent economic crisis with its devastating effects, particularly on the social work clientele. The…

Goldberg, Gertrude Schaffner

2012-01-01

6

World Economic Outlook: 1997  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This publication has recently been made available by the International Monetary Fund. World Economic Outlook is a semi-annual report that provides "IMF staff economists' analyses of global economic developments during the near and medium term." It also surveys the creation of the European Monetary Union (EMU), exchange rate arrangements and economic performance in developing countries, and monetary policies in the transition economies. WEO contains a statistical appendix on various global macroeconomic variables.

1997-01-01

7

Why the Economic Crisis Was Not Anticipated  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An article in the October 11 "New York Times" attributed the almost universal failure to anticipate the current economic crisis to "insanity"--more precisely, to a psychological inability to give proper weight to past events, so that if there is prosperity today people assume that it will last forever, even though they know that in the past booms…

Posner, Richard A.

2009-01-01

8

The Impact of Economic Crisis on Happiness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a common belief that economic crisis will lead to a decrease in subjective wellbeing. Previous studies indicate that income is correlated with happiness and unemployment with unhappiness. The relationship between increased income and happiness is well documented while the impact of decreased income has been less explored. The aim of this…

Gudmundsdottir, Dora Gudrun

2013-01-01

9

Crisis Informatics: Studying Crisis in a Networked World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serious crises and disasters have micro and macro social arrangements that differ from routine situations, as the field of disaster studies has described over its 100-year history. With increasingly pervasive information and communications technology (ICT) and a changing political arena where terrorism is perceived as a major threat, the attention to crisis is high. Some of these new features of

Leysia Palen; Sarah Vieweg; Jeannette Sutton; Sophia B. Liu; Amanda Hughes

2007-01-01

10

Contribution to a Holistic Response to the International Financial and Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The response to the ongoing international crisis is a holistic response due to the multiple effects impacting on the various segments of societies around the world. Since 1945, the world has to perform again, a new leap in terms of development process based on the pressing need for socio-economic reconstruction. The level of globalisation and…

Camara, Boubacar

2009-01-01

11

Political and Economic Crisis in Russia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the tumultuous state of affairs in Russia. The ten resources discussed offer background, news, analysis, and commentary. In recent weeks, political turmoil and economic chaos have severely threatened Russia's stability as an emerging free-market democracy, prompting regional governor and former general Alexander Lebed to say that "the situation in Russia is catastrophic--worse than in 1917." Russia's latest political upheaval began on August 23 when the unpredictable President Boris Yeltsin discharged his prime minister, Sergei Kiriyenko, and reinstalled the previous prime minister, Viktor Chernomyrdin (see the April 7, 1998 Scout Report for Social Sciences). Chernomyrdin plans to create an "economic dictatorship" in Russia and to print billions of rubles to avoid total economic collapse. Yesterday, in an approval ballot to reinstate Chernomyrdin as prime minister, the Duma rejected his appointment for the second time in two weeks. Analysts predict that next week a subsequent ballot for approval will fail, the Duma will dissolve, and Yeltsin will rule by decree, without a functioning government, until new parliamentary elections are held. Russian political dissension has been induced by the country's severe financial crisis. On September 6, the Russia economy suffered a blow when the European Union decided not to offer money to Russia and spurned a moratorium on debts Russia owes to EU members. Today in another setback, chairman of the central bank, Sergei Dubinin, tendered his resignation. These events, compounded by ruble devaluation, limited tax revenue, and skittish foreign investments, have left the economy in shambles, despite the recent receipt of an enormous loan from the International Monetary Fund (discussed in the July 16, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics).

Osmond, Andrew.

1998-01-01

12

Financial and Economic Crisis: Theoretical Explanations of the Global Sunset  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors identify and examine the most promising political science theories for explaining the financial and economic crisis that started in 2007. Surveying the literature on lobbying, elite integration, ideological hegemony, structural state dependence and varieties of capitalism, they review the potential contributions of these different theoretical perspectives to our understanding of the causes of the current crisis specifically, and

Patrick Bernhagen; Raj Chari

2011-01-01

13

The Economic Crisis and its Humanitarian Impact on Europe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The economic crisis that continues to affect countries across the world has taken a hard toll on humanitarian organizations in Europe. In October 2009, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released this 20-page report on just that subject. The report looks at 52 countries across the region (including several in Central Asia), and it is primarily focused on presenting findings from long-form interviews, rather than large statistical data sets. The report has some troubling findings, including the observation that "there seems to be an increasing trend of insecurity, leading to increases in mental health problems, alcohol and substance abuse, social isolation and generalized stress." Visitors will appreciate the fact that the report draws on a number of case studies and the first-hand observations of social service providers and administrators.

14

World History. Focus on Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book opens with an exploration of the first economic revolution, which set the stage for the dramatic unfolding of the role economics has played in world history. The lessons focus on two topics: (1) why some economies grew and prospered while others remained stagnant or declined; and (2) what causes people to make choices that help or hinder…

Caldwell, Jean; Clark, James; Herscher, Walter

15

Understanding World Economic History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One joy of studying history is discovering people living meaningful lives and behaving in unusual ways that are startling to the modern reader--young or old. Why did pre-modern people living hundreds or even thousands of years ago do things so differently than we do? Robert Whaples states that Economic historians conclude that the key difference…

Whaples, Robert

2013-01-01

16

Reconstructing Economics in Light of the 2007-? Financial Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lessons learned from the recent financial crisis should significantly reshape the economics profession's thinking, including, importantly, what we teach our students. Five such lessons are that we live in a monetary economy and therefore aggregate demand and policies that affect aggregate demand are determinants of real economic outcomes; that…

Friedman, Benjamin M.

2010-01-01

17

The Financial Crisis and the Systemic Failure of Academic Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The economics profession appears to have been unaware of the long build-up to the current worldwide financial crisis and to have significantly underestimated its dimensions once it started to unfold. In our view, this lack of understanding is due to a misallocation of research efforts in economics. We trace the deeper roots of this failure to the profession’s insistence on

David Colander; Hans Föllmer; Armin Haas; Michael Goldberg; Katarina Juselius; Alan Kirman; Thomas Lux; Brigitte Sloth

2009-01-01

18

[Public health in major socio-economic crisis].  

PubMed

The term "crisis" in different cultures (such as ancient Greece or China) can have a positive meaning, since it indicates a time of growth, change and opportunity. Over the centuries there have been times of severe economic and social crisis that led to the implementation of major reforms and improved population health. Nowadays, despite the new economic crisis which has also affected health care for its rising costs, health economics does not hesitate to affirm the importance of key objectives such as prevention and medical assistance. Prevention is not prediction. Prevention means "going upstream" and fixing a problem at the source; the goal is to reduce diseases' effects, causes and risk factors, thereby reducing the prevalence of costly medical conditions. PMID:25486685

Cosmacini, G

2014-01-01

19

Competition in the economic crisis: Analysis of procurement auctions  

PubMed Central

We study the effects of the recent economic crisis on firms? bidding behavior and markups in sealed bid auctions. Using data from Austrian construction procurements, we estimate bidders? construction costs within a private value auction model. We find that markups of all bids submitted decrease by 1.5 percentage points in the recent economic crisis, markups of winning bids decrease by 3.3 percentage points. We also find that without the government stimulus package this decrease would have been larger. These two pieces of evidence point to pro-cyclical markups.

Gugler, Klaus; Weichselbaumer, Michael; Zulehner, Christine

2015-01-01

20

[Population and crisis. Economic inflexibility or demographic subordination].  

PubMed

Much speculation, fact-based and subjective, has centered on the links between population and economic crisis, and between population and progress. In the past, famines directly affected the size and dynamics of population in affected regions, and such cycles inspired theories that regarded subsistence as the adjustment mechanism for demographic regimes. Population has alternatively been viewed as a crucial factor of production and a force for modernization and progress. After World War I and the Great Depression, many economists believed that population growth would be indispensable for renewing economic expansion. The favorable view of population growth in Mexico led to measures to repatriate emigrants, attract immigrants, and improve health conditions. The gross national product grew by around 6.0% annually on average between 1940 and 1960, and the per capita GNP by about 3%. Demographic dynamics acquired momentum by the 1960s, with high growth rates, a young age structure, considerable demographic inertia, and relative predominance of the urban population. Indications began to appear that a primarily economic solution to achieving full development would be unlikely. The polarization of development, distributive insufficiency, distortions in exchange relations for agricultural products, and incorporation of inappropriate technologies were factors decreasing the ability of the economy to respond adequately to population demands. National development was insufficient to meet growing demographic pressures in the labor market, educational system, housing, and urban services. The adjustment programs reduced even further the flexibility of the government to respond to pressures. Expectations for the future have been seriously compromised by the fall of real incomes. PMID:12158103

Morelos, J B

1989-01-01

21

World Health Organization: Health Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organization (WHO) has created this site to provide the general public with high-quality information about their various research initiatives and reports related to the field of health economics. Given the nature of the WHO's mission, the work focuses on key challenges facing global health financing, with particular attention paid to healthcare systems in the developing world. The materials here include a nice fact sheet that provides a global overview of current spending on health care, along with links to related sites that deal with health financing policy and national healthcare systems. In the "Related Links" area, visitors can browse on over to a specialized site dedicated to the health economics of the European Union.

22

Health without wealth? Costa Rica's health system under economic crisis.  

PubMed

The recent history of Costa Rica's health system is reviewed, emphasizing the health-related effects of the economic crisis of the 1980s. This economic crisis has stopped and in some instances reversed the marked health improvements Costa Rica realized during the decade of the 1970s. The effects of the economic crisis emerge in 4 areas: deterioration in health status, as poverty contributed to higher disease rates; reductions in the government's ability to maintain public health and medical services; increased reliance on foreign aid to finance the health system; and growing national debate over the role of the state in health care. The result of the economic crisis was a reduction in health services and a questioning of the Costa Rican health model. This occurred following the implementation of an expensive health infrastructure and at a time when people most needed health services. During the 1941-70 period, domestic initiative can account for much of the expansion of Costa Rica's social security system, but also at this time international agencies such as the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Inter-American Development began to assist in the expansion of the health system. In 1971 a plan was initiated to create a nationalized health system. By 1980 the success of the health sector reorganization was evident in the statistics: marked improvements in life expectancy, infant mortality, and infectious disease mortality had surpassed the goals set by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the Ministry of Health. Costa Rica's success was a vindication of both policy goals and funding priorities, for it has been "proved" that primary health care was capable of improving health indices, particularly where the agencies had the active and conscientious support of the national government. By 1977, foreign contracts for aid had expired, and the Ministry declared that the rural health program would be supported totally by the government. The Minister of Health continued in 1982 to champion self-sufficiency despite a changed economic climate, but by early 1984 Costa Rica had to abandon its plan to wean the health sector from outside aid. In 1982 the health sector became the center of a nationwide debate. Representatives of the large agricultural export sector, who usually support free-market solutions to economic problems, lobbied for "reprivatization" of medical care. Those committed to expansion of the welfare state argued from the other extreme. The government offered concessions to both groups. The debate did end in 1986, most likely because of the overall easing of the economic crisis. The government needs to maintain state control over the health system while not exceeding its austerity budget and not reducing health services. PMID:3108317

Morgan, L M

1987-01-01

23

Global Health and the Global Economic Crisis  

PubMed Central

Although the resources and knowledge for achieving improved global health exist, a new, critical paradigm on health as an aspect of human development, human security, and human rights is needed. Such a shift is required to sufficiently modify and credibly reduce the present dominance of perverse market forces on global health. New scientific discoveries can make wide-ranging contributions to improved health; however, improved global health depends on achieving greater social justice, economic redistribution, and enhanced democratization of production, caring social institutions for essential health care, education, and other public goods. As with the quest for an HIV vaccine, the challenge of improved global health requires an ambitious multidisciplinary research program. PMID:21330597

Gill, Stephen; Bakker, Isabella

2011-01-01

24

Global health and the global economic crisis.  

PubMed

Although the resources and knowledge for achieving improved global health exist, a new, critical paradigm on health as an aspect of human development, human security, and human rights is needed. Such a shift is required to sufficiently modify and credibly reduce the present dominance of perverse market forces on global health. New scientific discoveries can make wide-ranging contributions to improved health; however, improved global health depends on achieving greater social justice, economic redistribution, and enhanced democratization of production, caring social institutions for essential health care, education, and other public goods. As with the quest for an HIV vaccine, the challenge of improved global health requires an ambitious multidisciplinary research program. PMID:21330597

Benatar, Solomon R; Gill, Stephen; Bakker, Isabella

2011-04-01

25

Global Implications of the Asian Financial Crisis: Banking, Economic Integration, and Crisis Management in the New Century  

E-print Network

[...] My thesis, in a nutshell, is this: the Asian financial crisis has revealed some deep fault lines in our international economy, and for years to come we shall look back on it as a turning point in economic history. The crisis will have...

Head, John W.

1999-01-01

26

Cold hearths and barren slopes: The woodfuel crisis in the Third World  

SciTech Connect

With depleting forests and rapidly shrinking supplies of firewood and charcoal, a vast section of the Third World population, still dependent primarily and often solely on such woodfuels for its domestic energy, is facing a crisis. Drawing upon evidence from across Asia, Africa and parts of Latin America, Dr. Bina Agarwal analyses the scale of this other energy crisis, its complex causes, its consequences, and the solutions being offered for its alleviation. Most attempts by governments and international agencies to promote afforestation and improved woodburning stoves as solutions, are found to have had little success. In particular, they seldom reach and benefit the rural poor who are the principal sufferers. Why have these efforts failed. The socio-economic inequalities and poverty that characterize most Third World societies, impinge both on the causes of the crisis and on the effectiveness of schemes to alleviate it. Class and gender biases usually underlie such schemes, which are also typified by a tip-down method of planning and implementation.

Agarwal, B.

1986-01-01

27

[Trends in environmental risks in the context of the economic crisis. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

This article aims to analyze the impact of the economic and financial crisis on environmental determinants of health. The World Health Organization estimates that between 13% and 27% of the disease burden in countries could be prevented by improving the environment. These effects are larger in vulnerable populations, especially among the poorest. In the last decade, outdoor air pollution (the most significant environmental health risk in most European countries) has declined, mostly due to the European policy of reducing emissions and to the decrease in activity following the economic crisis. During the last few years, this improvement in air quality has occurred simultaneously with a reduction in investment in environmental protection and could therefore be offset in the medium-term. The economic crisis has not reduced the trend for higher temperatures in Spain and Europe because climate change is a global phenomenon that is not directly related to local emissions. To reduce the risk of an increase in the health impact of environmental factors, certain key aspects should be considered, such as the need to maintain or develop adequate monitoring and control systems and the opportunity to implement policies that help improve the quality of the environment and reduce the vulnerability of different population groups in a cross-disciplinary framework of transparency and citizen participation. PMID:24863994

Ballester, Ferran; Llop, Sabrina; Querol, Xavier; Esplugues, Ana

2014-06-01

28

Ukrainean crisis: History, demography, economics, science, personal impressions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview of the Economic and Demographic situation in Ukraine has been given. Some historical-scientific aspects of the actual crisis has been revealed. Between them: The soveitization of the Science, when scientists of Ukrainean origin work outside its borders, while the most influent and proliferous scientists inside the Country are of Russian origin. The percentage of astronomers of Russian origin is as great as ~40% while the percentage of the Russian population in Ukraine is about 20%. Another problem consist in low knowledge of the Ukrainean language by scientists working inside the Country.

Gaina, Alex

29

Summary of the June 2009 Educationtoday Crisis Survey: Initial Reflections on the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Education. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 43  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides initial reflections on the impact of the economic crisis on education across the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) area by analysing the OECD educationtoday crisis survey responses of June 2009. It first looks at the impact of the crisis on education demand and participation, after which the focus…

Karkkainen, Kiira

2010-01-01

30

Proactive Communication in a Crisis-Driven World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators can prepare for crisis situations by conducting safety assessments at all schools and district facilities, involving community resources, updating district and school discipline and crisis-communication plans, establishing a crisis-intervention team, providing staff training, establishing "suspicious behavior" reporting procedures,…

Kleinz, Karen H.

1999-01-01

31

Impact of 2008 global economic crisis on suicide: time trend study in 54 countries  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the impact of the 2008 global economic crisis on international trends in suicide and to identify sex/age groups and countries most affected. Design Time trend analysis comparing the actual number of suicides in 2009 with the number that would be expected based on trends before the crisis (2000-07). Setting Suicide data from 54 countries; for 53 data were available in the World Health Organization mortality database and for one (the United States) data came the CDC online database. Population People aged 15 or above. Main outcome measures Suicide rate and number of excess suicides in 2009. Results There were an estimated 4884 (95% confidence interval 3907 to 5860) excess suicides in 2009 compared with the number expected based on previous trends (2000-07). The increases in suicide mainly occurred in men in the 27 European and 18 American countries; the suicide rates were 4.2% (3.4% to 5.1%) and 6.4% (5.4% to 7.5%) higher, respectively, in 2009 than expected if earlier trends had continued. For women, there was no change in European countries and the increase in the Americas was smaller than in men (2.3%). Rises in European men were highest in those aged 15-24 (11.7%), while in American countries men aged 45-64 showed the largest increase (5.2%). Rises in national suicide rates in men seemed to be associated with the magnitude of increases in unemployment, particularly in countries with low levels of unemployment before the crisis (Spearman’s rs=0.48). Conclusions After the 2008 economic crisis, rates of suicide increased in the European and American countries studied, particularly in men and in countries with higher levels of job loss. PMID:24046155

2013-01-01

32

Entropy analysis in foreign exchange markets and economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We investigate the relative market efficiency in 11 foreign exchange markets by using the Lempel-Ziv (LZ) complexity algorithm and several entropy values such as the Shannon entropy, the approximate entropy, and the sample entropy. With daily data in 11 foreign exchange markets from Jan. 2000 to Sep. 2011, we observe that mature markets have higher LZ complexities and entropy values than emerging markets. Furthermore, with sliding time windows, we also investigate the temporal evolutions of those entropies from Jan. 1994 to Sep. 2011, and we find that, after an economic crisis, the approximate entropy and the sample entropy of mature markets such as Japan, Europe and the United Kingdom suddenly become lower.

Ha, Jin-Gi; Yim, Kyubin; Kim, Seunghwan; Jung, Woo-Sung

2012-08-01

33

Crisis Speeches Delivered during World War II: A Historical and Rhetorical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rhetorical analyses of speeches made by United States presidents and world leaders abound, particularly studies about addresses to nations in times of crisis. These are important because what presidents say amidst uncertainty and chaos defines their leadership in the eyes of the public. But with new forms of crisis rhetoric, our understanding of…

Ramos, Tomas E.

2010-01-01

34

World economics for mankind's frontier  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Acta Astronautica, Vol. 56, No. 5, March 2006, at ISSN0094-5765 there appears the article entitled “Will space actually be the Final Frontier of humankind?” written by Giancarlo Genta, and Michael Rycroft. This Acta Astronautica article requires amplification on the economic side. The writer of this article was personally present at the Apollo 11th launchings for the first landing on the Moon, by Buzz Aldrin and others. The Apollo 11 take off to the Moon, from Cape Carnival, did not leave the situation “so humankind seems forever to be bound to its own planet!” There was nothing pessimistic about the launch of Apollo 11. It is written that there was a lack of vision at that time, which is also not correct. The ‘Final Frontier’ myth was never mentioned on that occasion. At Apollo 11 we did take planet earth's “first faltering step for mankind” on the path towards a space faring civilization, exactly as these two authors later correctly mention. Now with the US Presidential initiatives “Moon, Mars and Beyond,” the authors suggested that it “will depend on social, political and economic issues rather than technological and scientific ones.” This Academy Note respectfully submits that all of these factors social, political and economic issues, plus psychological and scientific ones, instead of, “rather than technical and scientific ones” are going to be the determining factors of the speed of progress of the exploration of the entire universe, and particularly the sun in our Milky Way Galaxy. Russia and Ukraine are now on same, deep-space policy directions. The attention of the readers of this Academy Note is called to the current “Cosmic Collision” excellent presentation at the Hayden Planetarium, located at the Museum of National History in the City of New York. It shows the past, the present and the future of international humankind in exploring space and the creation of the universe, with particular reference to the protons of our sun, for our Milky Way Galaxy.

Finch, Edward R.

2007-04-01

35

Coral reefs in crisis The alarming rate of deterioration of the world's  

E-print Network

Coral reefs in crisis The alarming rate of deterioration of the world's coral reefs was brought% of the world's coral reefs have already been destroyed, and nearly 50% more are close to collapse. The meeting the greatest diversity of species of coral and reef fishes in the world. Let EAFA entertain you page 2 New

Feigon, Brooke

36

The Effect of an Economic Crisis on Educational Outcomes: An Economic Framework and Review of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article first provides an economic framework for understanding how an economic crisis affects children's educational outcomes; this framework shows that there are both negative (harmful) effects and positive (beneficial) effects on educational outcomes. A review of the empirical evidence suggests that the negative effects are typically…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb

2010-01-01

37

Indonesian heath care and the economic crisis: is managed care the needed reform?  

PubMed

The ramifications of the current economic crisis are being felt throughout Asia, but problems are particularly acute in Indonesia; in the midst of high inflation and unemployment the government is considering expanding managed care reform. In this paper, we discuss the impact of the recent economic crisis on the health sector in Indonesia, and analyze the potential for implementing effective reform following the managed care model. The health sector is discussed, highlighting pre-existing problems in the health care supply environment. The determinants of the economic crisis are summarized, and the broad impacts of the crisis to date on the health sector are assessed. Next the prospects for success of current managed-care reform proposals are examined in some detail: viability of expanded managed care reform measures are assessed in light of the continuing crisis and its likely impacts on the consumers and suppliers of health care. Analysis of the potential impact of the continuing crisis focuses on key participants in health care reform: households, the government, and private health care providers. In conclusion the potential viability of managed care appears poor, given the current economic, political, and institutional conditions and likely future impacts, and suggest some alternative reform measures. PMID:10351668

Hotchkiss, D R; Jacobalis, S

1999-03-01

38

"Doing Gender," Ensuring Survival: Mexican Migration and Economic Crisis in the Rural Mountain West  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on ethnographic research to explore the impacts of the current economic crisis on Mexican migrant families in rural Montana. It looks specifically at the ways rural families negotiate gender roles and expectations as they devise survival strategies in response to major economic shifts. My analysis suggests that traditional…

Schmalzbauer, Leah

2011-01-01

39

Prevailing During the Periods of Economical Crisis and Recession through Business Model Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a consensus among economists on the measures to be taken in economical means during an economic recession and crisis. In this context, these measures include establishing and managing capital structure in a way to cover costs of long term losses and expensive loan payments, avoiding borrowing to finance the losses, being cautious on the use of long-term bank

Ahmet Ucaktürk; Mustafa Bekmezci; Tülay Ucaktürk

2011-01-01

40

Managing More than the Money: Superintendents' Perceptions of Their Leadership during Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the process and effects of school budget development by superintendents during the current economic crisis is limited. This study sought to determine the job satisfaction, efficacy, and longevity of school superintendents during economic crises. Using data from an original survey instrument TRIPLEM (Managing More than the Money…

Taibi-Lewis, Constance

2011-01-01

41

Fractured elites : the politics of economic crisis in Mexico  

E-print Network

Economic crises are such powerful socioeconomic disasters that, not surprisingly, they are usually explained by powerful socioeconomic pressures, such as global financial speculation, structural economic failure, or populist ...

Schlefer, Jonathan King

2003-01-01

42

Neoliberalism and Domestic Capital: The Political Outcomes of the Economic Crisis in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1997 economic crisis in Thailand provided an opportunity for a reinvigoration of neo-liberal economic policies. International financial institutions, together with Thailand's Democrat-led government, emphasised further market reforms, liberalisation, deregulation, decentralisation, privatisation and a reduced role for the state. The deep economic downturn saw a popular rejection of such policies, meaning that the neo-liberal interregnum was short-lived. The 2001 landslide

Kevin Hewison

2005-01-01

43

The true cost of the economic crisis on psychological well-being: a review  

PubMed Central

The recent economic crisis has led to many negative consequences, not the least having to do with the mental health and well-being of the populations involved. Although some researchers say it is still too early to speak about a relationship between the economic crisis and a rise in mental health problems resulting in suicides, there is solid evidence for the existence of such a relationship. However, several moderating or mediating mechanisms can also play a role. The main reactions of most policy makers to the economic crisis are (severe) austerity measures. These measures seem to have, however, a detrimental effect on the mental health of the population: Just when people have the highest need for mental help, cost-cutting measures in the health care sector lead to a (substantial) drop in the supply of services for the prevention, early detection, and cure of mental health problems. Policy makers should support moderating mechanisms such as financial and psychological coping and acculturation and the role of primary health care workers in the early detection of suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and suicide in times of economic recession. Several examples show that the countries best off regarding the mental health of their populations during the economic crisis are those countries with the strongest social safety net. Therefore, instead of cutting back on health care and social welfare measures, policy makers should in the future invest even more in social protection measures during economic crises. PMID:25657601

Van Hal, Guido

2015-01-01

44

European economies in crisis: A multifractal analysis of disruptive economic events and the effects of financial assistance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the complexity of rare economic events in troubled European economies. The economic crisis initiated at the end of 2009, forced a number of European economies to request financial assistance from world organizations. By employing the stock market index as a leading indicator of the economic activity, we test whether the financial assistance programs altered the statistical properties of the index. The effects of major financial program agreements on the economies can be best illustrated by the comparison of the multifractal spectra of the time series before and after the agreement. We reveal that the returns of the time series exhibit strong multifractal properties for all periods under investigation. In two of the three investigated economies, financial assistance along with governments’ initiatives appear to have altered the statistical properties of the stock market indexes increasing the width of the multifractal spectra and thus the complexity of the market.

Siokis, Fotios M.

2014-02-01

45

Engineering water for the world: Texas A&M University tackles a water crisis  

E-print Network

.wordpress.com/, and to read about international efforts of potters visit http://www.pottersforpeace.org/. For more infor- mation about the Colonias Program, go to http://chud.tamu.edu. Engineering water for the world ...Story by Caitlin Churchill Engineering water for the world Texas A&M University tackles a water crisis 3 3. Dr. Stephen Carpenter and Dr. Bryan Boulanger combine the mixture. tx H2O | pg. 14 Texas A&M University students and profes- sors...

Churchill, Caitlin

2009-01-01

46

Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy. Responses on Children in West and Central Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global financial and economic crisis, which exacerbates the impacts of the energy and food crises that immediately preceded it, has spread to the developing countries endangering recent gains in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. The effects of the crisis are likely to vary substantially between countries and between individuals within the same country. Children are among

John Cockburn; Ismaël Fofana; Luca Tiberti

2010-01-01

47

Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy Responses on Children in West and Central Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current global financial and economic crisis, which exacerbates the impacts of the energy and food crises that immediately preceded it, has spread to the developing countries endangering recent gains in terms of economic growth and poverty reduction. The effects of the crisis are likely to vary substantially between countries and between individuals within the same country. Children are among

John Cockburn; Luca Tiberti; Ismaël Fofana

2010-01-01

48

[Impact of the economic crisis on the right to a healthy diet. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The present article analyzes the impact of the economic crisis on food consumption in Spain, the most affected social profiles, and the consequences of changing patterns of food consumption on health. This article is based on official reports and previous empirical studies. The crisis has affected diet and food consumption. Families are attempting to spend less money on food. Food insecurity is rising and the most affected groups are those spending a higher proportion of their income on food. Cuts in food spending run parallel with unhealthy eating habits that encourage obesity. Consequently, the crisis contributes to undermining the right to a healthy diet, recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the United Nations. PMID:24863995

Antentas, Josep Maria; Vivas, Esther

2014-06-01

49

Population: The U.S. Problem--The World Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Population problems in both the United States and throughout the world are summarized and analyzed, pictorially and narratively, in this special newspaper supplement to "The New York Times", April 30, 1972. Part I presents the U. S. problem, with the following contributions: excerpts from President Richard Nixon's message to Congress on…

Kegan, Lawrence R., Ed.

1972-01-01

50

Actions to alleviate the mental health impact of the economic crisis  

PubMed Central

The current global economic crisis is expected to produce adverse mental health effects that may increase suicide and alcohol-related death rates in affected countries. In nations with greater social safety nets, the health impacts of the economic downturn may be less pronounced. Research indicates that the mental health impact of the economic crisis can be offset by various policy measures. This paper aims to outline how countries can safeguard and support mental health in times of economic downturn. It indicates that good mental health cannot be achieved by the health sector alone. The determinants of mental health often lie outside of the remits of the health system, and all sectors of society have to be involved in the promotion of mental health. Accessible and responsive primary care services support people at risk and can prevent mental health consequences. Any austerity measures imposed on mental health services need to be geared to support the modernization of mental health care provision. Social welfare supports and active labour market programmes aiming at helping people retain or re-gain jobs can counteract the mental health effects of the economic crisis. Family support programmes can also make a difference. Alcohol pricing and restrictions of alcohol availability reduce alcohol harms and save lives. Support to tackle unmanageable debt will also help to reduce the mental health impact of the crisis. While the current economic crisis may have a major impact on mental health and increase mortality due to suicides and alcohol-related disorders, it is also a window of opportunity to reform mental health care and promote a mentally healthy lifestyle. PMID:23024664

WAHLBECK, KRISTIAN; MCDAID, DAVID

2012-01-01

51

Economic crisis and public attitudes toward science: A study of regional differences in Spain.  

PubMed

Although there is little theory about the effects of economic conditions on public support for science and technology (S&T), some evidence suggests that an economic crisis could produce a decline in support for S&T because of more pressing priorities, such as jobs and social services. But the public may also view S&T as a strategic pathway out of an economic slump. We test these competing hypotheses employing two national surveys from Spain, implemented before (2006) and after (2010) the onset of a severe economic crisis. We find that, in regions hit hardest by the crisis (compared to less-affected regions), trust in the benefits of S&T increased substantially, as did general public interest in S&T. Similarly, residents of the hardest-hit regions were more likely after the crisis to choose S&T (out of a list of policy areas) as a priority for government, and somewhat more likely to express support for increases in government S&T spending. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed. PMID:23825295

Sanz-Menéndez, Luis; Van Ryzin, Gregg G

2015-02-01

52

Accelerating and Braking in Times of Economic Crisis: Organisational Learning in a Top Management Team  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of an industrial company's top management team (TMT) that fought to survive an economic crisis. Specifically, the article seeks to focus on describing the TMT's composition, group processes, and work during a period of high external pressure; analysing the TMT's work in…

Wallo, Andreas; Kock, Henrik; Nilsson, Peter

2012-01-01

53

As the Economic Crisis Hits Home, Colleges Seek Help from Congress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Congress is crafting a second economic-stimulus bill, and the nation's colleges, hit by the deepening fiscal crisis, want a share of the money. Over the last few weeks, colleges and their lobbyists have bombarded members of Congress with letters and phone calls seeking money for research, student aid, and infrastructure. However, Congress is…

Field, Kelly

2008-01-01

54

Accelerating the green transformation in the USA: new deal for the economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the United Nations called for a 'Global Green New Deal' and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) includes green incentives, there is far from a consensus on whether the Green New Deal will be a key solution to the economic crisis. To inform the debate, we investigate the relationship between carbon consumption and three major problems facing the

2011-01-01

55

The Toyota crisis: an economic, operational and strategic analysis of the massive recall  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to provide an in-depth analysis of the economic, operational and strategic aspects of the Toyota recall crisis, as well as its implications for the global auto industry and its competitive dynamics in the future. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provided a literature review (of both academic literature, company reports, and popular press). Findings – Toyota's recent

Anthony P. Andrews; John Simon; Feng Tian; Jun Zhao

2011-01-01

56

Economic Performance in Post-Crisis Korea: A Critical Perspective on Neo-Liberal Restructuring  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper evaluates the neoliberal economic,restructuring process implemented,in Korea following the 1997 Asian financial crisis. We first argue that the austerity macroeconomic,policy of late 1997 and early 1998 was the main cause of the economic collapse in 1998, and that the decision of the IMF and President Kim Dae Jung to impose a radical neoliberal transformation of financial markets

James R. Crotty; Kang-Kook Lee

2003-01-01

57

Women's roundtable discussion on the economic, social and political impacts of the Southeast Asian financial crisis.  

PubMed

This article summarizes the main issues revealed at a women's roundtable discussion on the Economic, Social, and Political Impacts of the Southeast Asian Financial Crisis. The discussion was organized by the Development Alternatives of Women for the New Era (DAWN) and was held during April 12-14, 1998, in Manila, the Philippines. The aim was to explore the effects of the financial crisis and its management by states and multilateral agencies on women's political, economic, cultural, and social status; and to reach regional understanding of new issues for the women's movement in Asia and to identify areas of advocacy. Participants included women scholars and activists from Southeast, East, and South Asia; Africa; the Caribbean; Latin America; and the Pacific. Participants came from a wide variety of backgrounds. Nine issues were emphasized. For example, some predicted the currency devaluation before July 1997. The financial crisis is linked with globalization. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the primary institution for addressing the financial crisis. IMF conditions on inflation rates and budget surpluses are recessionary and government budget oriented. The crisis has exposed cronyism and corruption within capitalism. Patriarchal values have reemerged as Asian values. Women have lost jobs and income, while the cost of living continues to increase. Prostitution has become more acceptable as legitimate work. Women's human rights are not legally protected. State ideology assumes domestic and sex roles. Issues in each region are identified. 14 key issues pertain to all regions. PMID:12179933

Kelkar, G

1998-01-01

58

Community-based school feeding during Indonesia's economic crisis: implementation, benefits, and sustainability.  

PubMed

The Indonesian Government initiated a community-based national school-feeding program in 1996. Implementation was decentralized and involved multiple participants. In 1998 we evaluated the implementation of the program and the perceived benefits for community stakeholders using a survey of principals in 143 randomly selected schools and follow-up with in-depth interviews and observations in a subsample of 16 communities. The evaluation covered the period of the 1998 Asian economic crisis, affording the opportunity to assess its impact on the program. The program was implemented in all targeted schools, with excellent community participation. Feeding was sustained through the crisis, in spite of a dramatic escalation in food costs. The families of schoolchildren, farmers, and those who prepared food received economic benefits. The snacks replaced those sold at schools and were of better nutritional value. The children benefited because the snacks compensated for losses in the home diet resulting from the economic crisis. Characteristics of the program that may be important in explaining its success include the involvement of a range of community stakeholders, engagement with existing village administrative structures, scope for local community adaptation and innovation, and the use of local foods that dispersed benefits and ensured sustained implementation during the crisis. PMID:15214261

Studdert, Lisa J; Soekirman; Rasmussen, Kathleen M; Habicht, Jean-Pierre

2004-06-01

59

[Economic expansion and the health crisis in Paraguay].  

PubMed

In spite of the rapid economic development experienced by Paraguay during recent years, the country's health conditions remain among the poorest in Latin America. This article strives to explain, by presenting a model of Paraguay's economic and health care systems, why health care and economic growth have not advanced at the same rate. By examining various economic and health care indicators, hospital registries, family planning activities, and statistics on drinking-water and health care services distribution among central departments with established populations, as well as recently populated peripheral areas, the conclusion is reached that the country's poor health conditions might be the direct result of accelerated expansion of the agricultural frontier. In closing, recommendations are made for updating health statistics via new health survey, improved training for rural health care personnel, and closer coordination among the four public hospital systems in the cities. PMID:8373530

Weisskoff, R

1993-06-01

60

Economics for a Creative World1 ROGER KOPPL  

E-print Network

Economics for a Creative World1 ROGER KOPPL Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University Economics, 2015, to appear. #12;#12;Abstract Drawing on current biology, we argue that the phase space of economic evolution is not stable. Thus, there are no entailing laws of economic dynamics. In this sense

Longo, Giuseppe

61

What Caused Asia's Economic and Currency Crisis and Its Global Contagion?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nouriel Roubini, Associate Professor of Economics and International Business, Stern School of Business, New York University, has put together an impressive collection of articles relating to the Asian economic and currency crisis. The articles include news reports, International Monetary Fund (IMF) reports, National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) working papers and also research articles by Professor Roubini himself. The site is divided into several sections including basic readings, global effects, country analyses, the role of the IMF, systemic risk and short-term capital flows, case studies of exchange rate collapse, and the debate over flexible and fixed exchange rates.

Roubini, Nouriel.

1998-01-01

62

The importance of eating rice: changing food habits among pregnant Indonesian women during the economic crisis.  

PubMed

This article presents qualitative and quantitative research findings on food habits of pregnant Indonesian women in relation to the economic crisis that arose in 1997. Between 1996 and 1998, dietary intakes were estimated for 450 pregnant women in Central Java. Between January and June 1999, four focus group discussions, 16 in-depth interviews and four non-participant observations were held with women, two in-depth interviews were held with traditional birth attendants, and four with midwives. Women were categorized as urban or rural, rich or poor, and according to rice field ownership. The women reported that before the crisis they bought more foods and cooked more meals and snacks. During the crisis, cooking methods became simpler and cooking tasty foods was more important than cooking nutritious foods. This involved using plenty of spices and cooking oil, but reducing the use of expensive nutritious foods. The herbal drink jamu was drunk by 15% of pregnant women; its consumption was lower during than before the economic crisis. Twenty-six percent of the women avoided certain foods due to food taboos, and most of these women avoided beneficial foods; this phenomenon decreased during the crisis among the rich and the rural, poor, landless women. In spite of increased prices for rice, women did not decrease their rice consumption during the crisis because rice was believed to have the highest value for survival, to provide strength during pregnancy and delivery, and to be easier to store and cook. Finally, children and husbands had highest priority in being served food, and women were the last to eat. PMID:15847972

Hartini, T Ninuk S; Padmawati, R Siwi; Lindholm, Lars; Surjono, Achmad; Winkvist, Anna

2005-07-01

63

Economic crisis and suicidal behaviour: the role of unemployment, sex and age in Andalusia, Southern Spain  

PubMed Central

Introduction Although suicide rates have increased in some European countries in relation to the current economic crisis and austerity policies, that trend has not been observed in Spain. This study examines the impact of the economic crisis on suicide attempts, the previously neglected endpoint of the suicidal process, and its relation to unemployment, age and sex. Methods The study was carried out in Andalusia, the most populated region of Spain, and which has a high level of unemployment. Information on suicide attempts attended by emergency services was extracted from the Health Emergencies Public Enterprise Information System (SIEPES). Suicide attempts occurring between 2003 and 2012 were included, in order to cover five years prior to the crisis (2003–2007) and five years after its onset (2008–2012). Information was retrieved from 24,380 cases (11,494 men and 12,886 women) on sex, age, address, and type of attention provided. Age-adjusted suicide attempt rates were calculated. Excess numbers of attempts from 2008 to 2012 were estimated for each sex using historical trends of the five previous years, through time regression models using negative binomial regression analysis. To assess the association between unemployment and suicide attempts rates, linear regression models with fixed effects were performed. Results A sharp increase in suicide attempt rates in Andalusia was detected after the onset of the crisis, both in men and in women. Adults aged 35 to 54 years were the most affected in both sexes. Suicide attempt rates were associated with unemployment rates in men, accounting for almost half of the cases during the five initial years of the crisis. Women were also affected during the recession period but this association could not be specifically attributed to unemployment. Conclusions This study enhances our understanding of the potential effects of the economic crisis on the rapidly increasing suicide attempt rates in women and men, and the association of unemployment with growing suicidal behaviour in men. Research on the suicide effects of the economic crisis may need to take into account earlier stages of the suicidal process, and that this effect may differ by age and sex. PMID:25062772

2014-01-01

64

From Social Data Mining to Forecasting SocioEconomic Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Socio-economic data mining has a great potential in terms of gaining a better understanding of problems that our economy and society are facing, such as financial instability, shortages of resources, or conflicts. Without large-scale data mining, progress in these areas seems hard or impossible. Therefore, a suitable, distributed data mining infrastructure and research centers should be built in Europe. It

Dirk Helbing; Stefano Balietti

2010-01-01

65

ECONOMIC CRISIS AND INTERNATIONAL LABOR MIGRATION: COSTS AND BENEFITS IN GERMANY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany, which for decades has experienced large-scale workforce in-migra- tion, is increasingly turning into a country of out-migrants. Since the early 1990s it has found itself in economic crisis and unemployment has turned into a mass phenomenon, seizing almost all skill and educational levels. Unemployment rates of more than 10 percent, worsening working conditions, and little hope for improvement are

BÉATRICE KNERR

66

Greek economic crisis and health care reforms: correcting the wrong prescription.  

PubMed

In an era of economic crisis in Greece and with many uninsured citizens, the Troika (lenders of Greece) suggests reforms and promotes the internal market, resulting in a public-private system becoming more privatized. This article contradicts these proposals and attempts to suggest the necessary reforms to achieve equity of access for all and to promote efficiency, taking into account the existing needs of the population and the recession of the Greek economy. PMID:24397229

Niakas, Dimitris

2013-01-01

67

Impact of the 2008 Economic and Financial Crisis on Child Health: A Systematic Review  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to provide an overview of studies in which the impact of the 2008 economic crisis on child health was reported. Structured searches of PubMed, and ISI Web of Knowledge, were conducted. Quantitative and qualitative studies reporting health outcomes on children, published since 2007 and related to the 2008 economic crisis were included. Two reviewers independently assessed studies for inclusion. Data were synthesised as a narrative review. Five hundred and six titles and abstracts were reviewed, from which 22 studies were included. The risk of bias for quantitative studies was mixed while qualitative studies showed low risk of bias. An excess of 28,000–50,000 infant deaths in 2009 was estimated in sub-Saharan African countries, and increased infant mortality in Greece was reported. Increased price of foods was related to worsening nutrition habits in disadvantaged families worldwide. An increase in violence against children was reported in the U.S., and inequalities in health-related quality of life appeared in some countries. Most studies suggest that the economic crisis has harmed children’s health, and disproportionately affected the most vulnerable groups. There is an urgent need for further studies to monitor the child health effects of the global recession and to inform appropriate public policy responses. PMID:25019121

Rajmil, Luis; Fernandez de Sanmamed, María-José; Choonara, Imti; Faresjö, Tomas; Hjern, Anders; Kozyrskyj, Anita L.; Lucas, Patricia J.; Raat, Hein; Séguin, Louise; Spencer, Nick; Taylor-Robinson, David

2014-01-01

68

On the dynamics of the world demographic transition and financial-economic crises forecasts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The article considers dynamic processes involving non-linear power-law behavior in such apparently diverse spheres, as demographic dynamics and dynamics of prices of highly liquid commodities such as oil and gold. All the respective variables exhibit features of explosive growth containing precursors indicating approaching phase transitions/catastrophes/crises. The first part of the article analyzes mathematical models of demographic dynamics that describe various scenarios of demographic development in the post-phase-transition period, including a model that takes the limitedness of the Earth carrying capacity into account. This model points to a critical point in the early 2050s, when the world population, after reaching its maximum value may decrease afterward stabilizing then at a certain stationary level. The article presents an analysis of the influence of the demographic transition (directly connected with the hyperexponential growth of the world population) on the global socioeconomic and geopolitical development. The second part deals with the phenomenon of explosive growth of prices of such highly liquid commodities as oil and gold. It is demonstrated that at present the respective processes could be regarded as precursors of waves of the global financial-economic crisis that will demand the change of the current global economic and political system. It is also shown that the moments of the start of the first and second waves of the current global crisis could have been forecasted with a model of accelerating log-periodic fluctuations superimposed over a power-law trend with a finite singularity developed by Didier Sornette and collaborators. With respect to the oil prices, it is shown that it was possible to forecast the 2008 crisis with a precision up to a month already in 2007. The gold price dynamics was used to calculate the possible time of the start of the second wave of the global crisis (July-August 2011); note that this forecast has turned out to be quite correct.

Akaev, A.; Sadovnichy, V.; Korotayev, A.

2012-05-01

69

What Good Is World Literature?: World Literature Pedagogy and the Rhetoric of Moral Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has seen a resurgence of scholarship on world literature. The best-selling successes of "Great Books" arguments contained in Azar Nafisi's memoir "Reading Lolita in Tehran" and in Dai Sijie's novel "Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress" seem to mirror, on the popular front, this scholarly return to the question of world

Smith, Karen R.

2011-01-01

70

Economic change, crime, and mortality crisis in Russia: regional analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective: To identify which aspects of socioeconomic change were associated with the steep decline in life expectancy in Russia between 1990 and 1994. Design: Regression analysis of regional data, with percentage fall in male life expectancy as dependent variable and a range of socioeconomic measures reflecting transition, change in income, inequity, and social cohesion as independent variables. Determination of contribution of deaths from major causes and in each age group to changes in both male and female life expectancy at birth in regions with the smallest and largest declines. Setting: Regions (oblasts) of European Russia (excluding Siberia and those in the Caucasus affected by the Chechen war). Subjects: The population of European Russia. Results: The fall in life expectancy at birth varied widely between regions, with declines for men and women highly correlated. The regions with the largest falls were predominantly urban, with high rates of labour turnover, large increases in recorded crime, and a higher average but unequal distribution of household income. For both men and women increasing rates of death between the ages of 30 and 60 years accounted for most of the fall in life expectancy, with the greatest contributions being from conditions directly or indirectly associated with heavy alcohol consumption. Conclusions: The decline in life expectancy in Russia in the 1990s cannot be attributed simply to impoverishment. Instead, the impact of social and economic transition, exacerbated by a lack of social cohesion, seems to have played a major part. The evidence that alcohol is an important proximate cause of premature death in Russia is strengthened. Key messages The fall in life expectancy in Russia in the 1990s has not affected all parts of the country equally The greatest falls have been in some of the wealthiest regions, suggesting that impoverishment is not a sufficient explanation Much of the deterioration can be explained by labour force turnover, crime rates (which can be considered a proxy measure of social cohesion), and income inequality Alcohol is a major factor in many of the additional deaths Understanding changes in mortality in central and eastern Europe during the transition (from a communist to a capitalist system) may shed light on determinants of health in the West PMID:9685275

Walberg, Peder; McKee, Martin; Shkolnikov, Vladimir; Chenet, Laurent; Leon, David A

1998-01-01

71

Energy use in the developing world: A crisis of rising expectations  

SciTech Connect

The world is facing a serious short-run energy supply problem. The Persian Gulf crisis has not caused this problem, but it does serve to underline its seriousness. The expectation is that in the longer term the energy situation will ease because of new technical developments, which will assist in the transformation out of the current fuels cycle to a radically new one. The short-run problem is particularly difficult because the societies most affected are those that can least afford to be without the energy essential for their climb out of mass poverty. There appears to be a potentially severe shortage of liquid fuels that will become progressively worse over the next 20 years. The rich countries will be able to command their share with ease. It is the Third World countries that will suffer the most.

Rogers, P. (Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States))

1991-04-01

72

The Economics of Slums in the Developing World  

E-print Network

The global expansion of urban slums poses questions for economic research as well as problems for policymakers. We provide evidence that the type of poverty observed in contemporary slums of the developing world is ...

Marx, Benjamin

73

Soviet woes, Middle East crisis cut first half world crude oil production  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that the Persian Gulf crisis and the faltering Soviet oil industry spawned a 2.8% dive in world oil production during first half 1991 compared with the same period a year ago. Total world flow averaged 59.781 million b/d, down 1.728 million b/d from first half 1990. First half Soviet production fell 1.13 million b/d from a year ago to 10.6 million b/d. Production among members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries in the first half averaged 22.927 million b/d, down 1.099 million b/d. Non-OPEC production averaged 36.854 million b/d, down from the 1990 first half average of 37.483 million b/d. OPEC's share of total world production fell to 38.4% for first half 1991 from 39.1% for first half last year. In 1979 OPEC production was 49.1% of total world production. OPEC's share dropped to 29.9% of the world total in 1985 and had been moving back up since then. OPEC set new production quotas totaling 22.31 million b/d, reflecting the curtailment of production from Kuwait and Iraq. Production in the first half of 1991 was 2.8% above quota.

Beck, R.J.

1991-09-16

74

Economical crisis detected from space: Trends in air quality of Athens in Greece  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from three satellite spectrometers (SCIAMACHY, GOME2 and OMI) have been analyzed together with a number of economic metrics to investigate the impact of the economic crisis (from 2008 onward) on air quality over Greece, and Athens in particular. Athens is a heavily polluted city due to the extensive number of registered vehicles, the presence of industrial regions close to the city, the complex topography of the area favouring pollutant accumulation, the intense photochemical processes favoured by high temperature and insolation and the reception of transboundary pollution. The multiannual analysis shows a significant 30-40% reduction of primary gaseous pollutants in the form of NO2 tropospheric columnar densities observed over Athens, during the economic recession period, indicating large reductions in pollutant emissions. This decline is further supported by surface measurements of atmospheric NO2 mixing ratios. Additionally, the declining local concentrations of NO, CO, SO2 are associated with an increase in ozone due to reduced titration by NO. In particular, regression analysis revealed that the reduction of NO2 (0.3±0.2 ppbv y-1) and SO2 (0.2±0.1ppbv y-1) during the period 2000-2007, significantly accelerated during the economic crisis period (from 2008 onward), reaching 2.3±0.2 ppbv y-1 and 0.7±0.1 ppbv y-1, respectively. The strong correlations between pollutant concentrations and economic indicators show that economic recession has resulted in proportionally lower levels of pollutants not only in Athens but also in large parts of Greece.

Vrekoussis, Mihalis; Richter, Andreas; Hilboll, Andreas; Burrows, John P.; Zerefos, Christos; Gerasopoulos, Evangelos; Lelieveld, Jos; Barrie, Leonard; Mihalopoulos, Nikos

2013-04-01

75

Oil, the Suez canal, and sterling reserves: economic factors determining British decisionmaking during the 1967 Arab–Israeli crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article assesses the importance of economic factors for the development of British Middle Eastern policy during the 1967 Arab-Israeli crisis, based on newly declassified government documents. Policy shifted from threatening unilateral action against Nasser to multilateralism and neutraliry shortly before the June war. Economic considerations will be put in the context of anti-interventionist voices in the cabinet, in the

Gernot Klantschnig

2003-01-01

76

Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 1998/99: Beyond Financial Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On December 2 the World Bank released a new 200 page annual report on the global economy which contained thinly veiled criticism of the International Monetary Fund and US Treasury's handling of the Asian financial crisis. The crucial mistake, the report maintains, was their decision to push Asian nations into easing their interest rates, which set off the almost-worldwide recession. While it warns that a substantial danger remains that the world could fall into recession in 1999, the report predicts that the economies of most of the distressed nations will improve into 2000. In addition to an analysis of the short- and long-term prospects of the developing world, the report offers policy suggestions for preventing or managing future crises. At the site, the users will find the full text of the report, a summary, the foreword, press releases in multiple languages, and a PowerPoint slide show.

Dasgupta, Dipak.

1998-01-01

77

Economic Freedom and Beauty Pageant Success in the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beauty pageants are ubiquitous around the world, and their importance in many cultures is indisputable. This paper empirically examines those factors that contribute to beauty pageant success in a cross-national setting. Our analysis pays particular attention to the role of market liberalism, i.e., economic freedom, in the process. The results indicate that nations with higher economic freedom scores are underrepresented

Robert Lawson; Justin Ross

2010-01-01

78

Food patterns during an economic crisis among pregnant women in Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was conducted between 1996 and 1998. Six 24-hour recalls were performed during the second trimester of pregnancy among 450 women in Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia. The objectives of the study were to assess the food intake and food pattern among pregnant women before and during the economic crisis. Before the crisis, rich women had the highest intakes of animal foods, fats and oils, and sugar. Food intake among the urban poor and the rural landless poor subgroups was influenced by the emerging economic crisis. Although the price of rice increased, the intake of rice also increased among all subgroups. Rural poor women with access to rice fields increased their intake of rice and decreased their intake of nonrice staple foods (p < .05). There were significant decreases in the consumption of chicken by rich women and rural poor women with access to rice fields (p < .05). Rice was a strongly inferior good and remained an important supplier of energy, protein, and carbohydrate. Nuts and pulses were important suppliers of calcium and iron, and vegetables were an important supplier of vitamin A. Rich women increased their intake of nuts and pulses, vegetables, fats and oils, and sugar when their intake of rice increased (p < .05). The food patterns were based on rice, nuts and pulses, and vegetables, i.e., plant food. All but the rich women decreased their intake of nutritious foods such as meat, chicken, and fruits. The intake of nuts and pulses and of vegetables increased, whereas the intake of cooking oil and sugar remained constant. PMID:14564930

Hartini, Theresia Ninuk; Winkvist, Anna; Lindholm, Lars; Stenlund, Hans; Surjono, Achmad

2003-09-01

79

Impact of the east Asian economic crisis on health and health care: Malaysia's response.  

PubMed

In the wake of the east Asian economic crisis, the health budget for the public sector in Malaysia was cut by 12%. The Ministry of Health responded swiftly with a series of broad-based and specific strategies. There was a careful examination of the operating expenditure and where possible measures were taken to minimise the effects of the budget constraints at the service interface. The MOH reprioritised the development of health projects. Important projects such as rural health projects and training facilities, and committed projects, were continued. In public health, population-based preventive and promotive activities were expected to experience some form of curtailment. There is a need to refocus priorities, maximise the utilisation of resources, and increase productivity at all levels and in all sectors, both public and private, in order to minimise the impact of the economic downturn on health. PMID:10050200

Suleiman, A B; Lye, M S; Yon, R; Teoh, S C; Alias, M

1998-01-01

80

Hardship and Hope: Stories of the economic crisis on Tobacco Road  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2009, a group of talented photojournalism students from North Carolina fanned out across the landscape "to document the human face of the economic crisis in North Carolina's Triangle region." It's a fascinating project, and given the power of images, it's an excellent way to examine the circumstances of the region. Visitors can click through the photographic essays via the "Featured" section. Each of these profiles looks at a different aspect of the economic struggles faced by area residents, and there are a few extra features, including poems, essays, and interviews. First-time visitors to the site might want to look at "Adopting a Neighborhood" and "My Homeless Children" as they start their journey. Overall, this is a thoughtful project and one that might inspire others to take a closer look at their own communities.

81

[The Spanish economic crisis and its consequences on social spending. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

This article offers a brief summary of the factors that the author believes should be considered when analyzing the multiple interrelations between the economic crisis and its effects on public finances, social spending, and the health and welfare of Spaniards. For the sake of brevity, a linear argument is followed, with the basic contents of the message, leaving some of the more controversial issues whose interpretation may be heavily influenced by ideology to the discussion. The core of the argument is that, despite the double dip of the Spanish recession, healthcare has survived the consequences of the crisis fairly well. This is particularly the case when the situation is analyzed in terms of the share of public expenditure to GDP and in per capita terms, given the evolution of these ratios, although the final effect is unknown in terms of the actual and potential beneficiaries. This relatively low incidence so far on the health of Spaniards is basically due to family networks, pooling their incomes, and to the acceptance by Spanish health professionals of budget cuts, which have allowed services and their apparent quality to be maintained, contrasting with private employment and public finances. Obviously, this is not a guarantee of sustainability unless economic growth recovers. Even if the Spanish economy and public finances improve, the composition of health care delivery needs to be reevaluated to achieve a new allocation between public and private responsibilities for healthcare in accordance with the social development of the 21st century. PMID:24863990

López-Casasnovas, Guillem

2014-06-01

82

Providing Crisis Counseling to New Yorkers after the Terrorist Attack on the World Trade Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of two crisis intervention techniques used by a marriage and family counselor who served as a crisis counselor in New York City after the September 11th terrorist attack. The intervention techniques described are Critical Incident Stress Debriefing and one-on-one crisis counseling. An overview of both techniques…

Jordan, Karin

2002-01-01

83

A "More General Crisis": Hannah Arendt, World-Alienation, and the Challenges of Teaching for the World as It Is  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: This article is part of a special issue on the 50th anniversary of the publication of Hannah Arendt's essay, "The Crisis in Education" and her book The Human Condition. Despite the proliferation of books and articles on Arendt's work since the mid-90s, "The Crisis in Education" does not figure all that much in writing on…

Levinson, Natasha

2010-01-01

84

The Global Economic Crisis: Setbacks to the Educational Agenda for the Minority in Sub-Saharan Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper captures the impact of the Global Economic Crisis on educational programs serving minority groups in developing countries. It has been established that the most vulnerable groupings include nomadic and pastoralist communities, slum dwellers, children in war zones, and women. Various educational interventions such as mobile schooling,…

Ingubu, Moses Shiasha

2010-01-01

85

Did Social Safety Net Scholarships Reduce Drop-Out Rates during the Indonesian Economic Crisis? Policy Research Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses regression and matching techniques to evaluate Indonesia's Social Safety Net Scholarships Program. The program aimed to prevent large numbers of children from dropping out of school as a result of the Asian economic crisis of 1998. It was expected that families would find it difficult to keep their children in school and that…

Cameron, Lisa A.

86

Emergence of Informal Educative Space out of an Anonymous Online Bulletin Board in Korea during the Global Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to understand how people learn and teach informally in an anonymous online bulletin board, the primary purpose of which is not learning and teaching. We conducted a qualitative analysis of comments and replies tagged to the most popular postings of an anonymous online bulletin board, during the global economic crisis in 2008-2009.…

Kang, Dae Joong; Choi, Seon Joo; Lee, SeungHyeop

2013-01-01

87

Specialty choice in times of economic crisis: a cross-sectional survey of Spanish medical students  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate the determinants of specialty choice among graduating medical students in Spain, a country that entered into a severe, ongoing economic crisis in 2008. Setting Since 2008, the percentage of Spanish medical school graduates electing Family and Community Medicine (FCM) has experienced a reversal after more than a decade of decline. Design A nationwide cross-sectional survey conducted online in April 2011. Participants We invited all students in their final year before graduation from each of Spain's 27 public and private medical schools to participate. Main outcome measures Respondents’ preferred specialty in relation to their perceptions of: (1) the probability of obtaining employment; (2) lifestyle and work hours; (3) recognition by patients; (4) prestige among colleagues; (5) opportunity for professional development; (6) annual remuneration and (7) the proportion of the physician's compensation from private practice. Results 978 medical students (25% of the nationwide population of students in their final year) participated. Perceived job availability had the largest impact on specialty preference. Each 10% increment in the probability of obtaining employment increased the odds of preferring a specialty by 33.7% (95% CI 27.2% to 40.5%). Job availability was four times as important as compensation from private practice in determining specialty choice (95% CI 1.7 to 6.8). We observed considerable heterogeneity in the influence of lifestyle and work hours, with students who preferred such specialties as Cardiovascular Surgery and Obstetrics and Gynaecology valuing longer rather than shorter workdays. Conclusions In the midst of an ongoing economic crisis, job availability has assumed critical importance as a determinant of specialty preference among Spanish medical students. In view of the shortage of practitioners of FCM, public policies that take advantage of the enhanced perceived job availability of FCM may help steer medical school graduates into this specialty. PMID:23408072

Harris, Jeffrey E; González López-Valcárcel, Beatriz; Ortún, Vicente; Barber, Patricia

2013-01-01

88

The global economic crisis, its gender and ethnic implications, and policy responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis that began in 2008 has resulted in the widespread destruction of jobs and livelihoods. Among the factors that precipitated the crisis, growing inequality both within and between countries contributed to low levels of aggregate demand and the reliance of low-income households on unsustainable borrowing to maintain living standards. The crisis provides the opportunity to rethink macroeconomic

Stephanie Seguino

2010-01-01

89

The impact of the 1997-98 East Asian economic crisis on health and health care in Indonesia.  

PubMed

This article identifies the effects of the 1997-98 East Asian economic crisis on health care use and health status in Indonesia. The article places the findings in the context of a framework showing the complex cause and effect relationships underlying the effects of economic downturns on health and health care. The results are based on primary analysis of Indonesian household survey data and review of a wide range of sources from the Indonesian government and international organizations. Comparisons are drawn with the effects of the crisis in Thailand. The devaluation of the Indonesian currency, the Rupiah, led to inflation and reduced real public expenditures on health. Households' expenditures on health also decreased, both in absolute terms and as a percentage of overall spending. Self-reported morbidity increased sharply from 1997 to 1998 in both rural and urban areas of Indonesia. The crisis led to a substantial reduction in health service utilization during the same time period, as the proportion of household survey respondents reporting an illness or injury that sought care from a modern health care provider declined by 25%. In contrast to Indonesia, health care utilization in Thailand actually increased during the crisis, corresponding to expansion in health insurance coverage. The results suggest that social protection programmes play a critical role in protecting populations against the adverse effects of economic downturns on health and health care. PMID:12740322

Waters, Hugh; Saadah, Fadia; Pradhan, Menno

2003-06-01

90

Biofuel: an alternative to fossil fuel for alleviating world energy and economic crises.  

PubMed

The time has come when it is desirable to look for alternative energy resources to confront the global energy crisis. Consideration of the increasing environmental problems and the possible crisis of fossil fuel availability at record high prices dictate that some changes will need to occur sooner rather than later. The recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is just another example of the environmental threats that fossil fuels pose. This paper is an attempt to explore various bio-resources such as corn, barley, oat, rice, wheat, sorghum, sugar, safflower, and coniferous and non-coniferous species for the production of biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel). In order to assess the potential production of biofuel, in this paper, countries are organized into three groups based on: (a) geographic areas; (b) economic development; and(c) lending types, as classified by the World Bank. First, the total fossil fuel energy consumption and supply and possible carbon emission from burning fossil fuel is projected for these three groups of countries. Second, the possibility of production of biofuel from grains and vegetative product is projected. Third, a comparison of fossil fuel and biofuel is done to examine energy sustainability issues. PMID:21942396

Bhattarai, Keshav; Stalick, Wayne M; McKay, Scott; Geme, Gija; Bhattarai, Nimisha

2011-01-01

91

Dynamical analogy between economical crisis and earthquake dynamics within the nonextensive statistical mechanics framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of study of complex systems considers that the dynamics of complex systems are founded on universal principles that may be used to describe a great variety of scientific and technological approaches of different types of natural, artificial, and social systems. Several authors have suggested that earthquake dynamics and the dynamics of economic (financial) systems can be analyzed within similar mathematical frameworks. We apply concepts of the nonextensive statistical physics, on time-series data of observable manifestations of the underlying complex processes ending up with these different extreme events, in order to support the suggestion that a dynamical analogy exists between a financial crisis (in the form of share or index price collapse) and a single earthquake. We also investigate the existence of such an analogy by means of scale-free statistics (the Gutenberg-Richter distribution of event sizes). We show that the populations of: (i) fracto-electromagnetic events rooted in the activation of a single fault, emerging prior to a significant earthquake, (ii) the trade volume events of different shares/economic indices, prior to a collapse, and (iii) the price fluctuation (considered as the difference of maximum minus minimum price within a day) events of different shares/economic indices, prior to a collapse, follow both the traditional Gutenberg-Richter law as well as a nonextensive model for earthquake dynamics, with similar parameter values. The obtained results imply the existence of a dynamic analogy between earthquakes and economic crises, which moreover follow the dynamics of seizures, magnetic storms and solar flares.

Potirakis, Stelios M.; Zitis, Pavlos I.; Eftaxias, Konstantinos

2013-07-01

92

The World Population Crisis. What It Is and Where to Get Information About It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present and future outlines of the population crisis are described in an article by Philip Hauser, and the role of responsible citizens in this crisis is the topic of an article by John D. Rockefeller III. Following this introduction is a complete resource guide for teachers. All classes of materials are reviewed, including background…

Intercom, 1968

1968-01-01

93

The World - Socio-economically and politically: What you need to know.  

PubMed

The gravest challenge facing the USA and the nations of the world is the coming economic crisis of the world economies, if present policies are pursued. Few are aware or believe that this event could happen. The spread of centralized government control of the economies, the growth of the welfare state worldwide, the expenditures on entitlements beyond what any nation or even most states can afford, the cost of wars, the rapidly climbing debt of the USA and other countries and their inability to pay for these excessive expenses, the actions of many countries to print "fiat" (false) money to pay for their debts, the raising of taxes to pay for these debts, the rise in immigration to developed countries from the undeveloped world, the associated costs to their societies of this immigration, the promises made by politicians to get elected that cannot be fulfilled, and the desire of the public to have what they want, now, paid for by credit cards (debt), are all contributing to the coming economic crisis. The unfunded promised benefits to the citizens of the USA in Medicare, Medicaid, Social Security, and pensions plus the USA debt amount to about $140 trillion. The total value of all the assets of all the people in the USA is $99 trillion dollars. So, one can see that the people of the USA do not have the resources to pay their expenses. Besides, these entitlements, the rest of the expenses are paid for with borrowed or printed (fiat) money that has little chance of being repaid unless perhaps by subsequent generations or by increases in taxes. Efforts to correct this coming economic crisis by austerity and sacrifice have been rejected by the public and the politicians worldwide. The Governments and the Press have participated in deception of the public about these issues in order to maintain their positions of power, for the truth would destroy them. No solution is in sight except more spending and valueless money printing. This unchecked desire for more of everything without the responsibility to work or pay for these entitlements, has touched many countries and people with a few exceptions. This problem is the result of a worldwide breakdown of ethics and morality in society and a desire of the few for centralized control and power over the people. No country has instituted a solution to these problems that results in reducing expenditures or the growing debts. As many have stated in this paper, this policy cannot be sustained. The result of this scenario will be a worldwide economic crisis. Fundamental to this impending economic crisis is the failure of centrally controlled economies and socialistic programs. Those selected groups, who benefit from having control, are the politicians, bankers, some selected industry leaders, and socialist planners, who will stop at nothing to maintain power and control over the people. Liberty of the people is in jeopardy worldwide. Read the evidence presented and decide if this summary is correct. The troubling question is, "What will happen if the world economy collapses?" Will this crisis be a time for the few to take more control of the people through fear, crisis decisions, misinformation, prevention of the public from protecting themselves with guns, and pervasive spying technology on each citizen or will more democratic governments arise from the failure of centralized control, the welfare state, and the loss of liberty? Such crises have been repeated throughout 4000 years of recorded history. What happened in those past times? Read the quotations of Vladimir Lenin, developer of Marxism-Leninism, the foundation of Communism and judge what you have read from his statements. An alternative to this dismal scenario is little discussed also in the Press. Why not? In the past 150 years, the alternative has happened with a rapid growth in democracy, communications technology, and life expectancy from advances in science and medicine. To unleash this huge human potential, at this time, will require individual freedom to create and innovate with the opportunity for risk

Ausman, James I

2013-01-01

94

A Short Economic History of the Post Second World War World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Written by John Birchall, a senior Economics and Business examiner and author, (as well as the author of Biz/ed's "In the Know" column), this is intended to be a first-person view of economic history in the time period directly after World War II. The history is divided into an introduction and four sections. The author explains that, as an economics teacher, he found the most difficult aspect of his job was the fact that his students lacked a general awareness of economic history, and with this document, he has attempted to show the ways in which this period of economic history affected his life. Birchall's casual writing style makes this article a fascinating and engaging read.

Birchall, John.

95

Tracking Major Economic Indicators on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tracking Major Economic Indicators on the World Wide Web is a business research guide from the Reeves School of Business at Methodist College in Fayetteville, NC. Twelve topical pages point users to Websites where they can find balance of trade, capacity utilization, foreign exchange rates, and gross domestic product, among other figures. Note: selected for-fee services such as the Wall Street Journal Interactive are included in many resource lists.

96

Evolving post-World War II UK economic performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses tests for multiple structural breaks at unknown points in the sample period, and band-pass filtering techniques, to investigate changes in UK economic performance since the end of World War II. Empirical evidence suggests that the most recent decade, associated with the introduction of an inflation-targeting regime, has been significantly more stable than the previous post-WWII era. For

Luca Benati

2004-01-01

97

1 When the Third World Fell Behind 1.1 The World Economic Order in 1960  

E-print Network

for it must be before the industrial revolution. And we see it over the long century 1700 to 1820, where capita income and living standards between what this book will call the rich industrial core and the poor pre-industrial periphery. The second characteristic of the world economic order was that the poor

98

Economic stability and health status: evidence from East Asia before and after the 1990s economic crisis.  

PubMed

The East Asian economies of Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand suffered declines in their economic growth rates in 1997. The Indonesian and Thai government followed the World Bank prescription for adjustment, which included a cut-back in government spending at a time when there were significant job losses. Malaysia chose its own path to adjustment. Evidence presented in this paper shows that although the declines were short-lived that there was an impact on the health status measured by mortality rates for the populations of Indonesia and Thailand. There was little apparent impact on the health status of Malaysians. The lessons for other developing economies include the importance of social safety nets and the maintenance of government expenditure in minimising the impact of economic shocks on health. PMID:15896870

Hopkins, Sandra

2006-02-01

99

World Economic Growth and Oil: a Producers' Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper examines the following assertions: * A high share of oil price in GDP limits economic growth, * Oil Price shocks trigger recession, * These effects will be escalated by peaked oil supply and rising developing world demand and together with increasing contributions to climate change will result in a global emergency. The role of energy in societal development and economic growth, from primitive man through the industrial revolution and the oil age to the present and the evolution of energy intensity are described. The principle role of oil as a transport fuel and the possibilities of alternatives are examined. It is concluded that oil dependence will continue for the foreseeable future. The history of the industry, market behavior and its economic effects are presented to establish precedent and the assertions are then examined. It is shown that rising oil prices are an unavoidable consequence of economic growth, that they have stimulated efficient minimum functional use and made more difficult conventional and unconventional sources economic. It is then argued that potentially these additional resources eliminate the possibility of supply shortage and that diversification of supply lessens the possibility of shock, together rendering a global emergency less likely than could have been previously envisaged.

Shihab-Eldin, Adnan

2014-07-01

100

Marine research in the Iberian Peninsula: A pledge for better times after an economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The “17th Iberian Symposium of Marine Biology Studies” took place in San Sebastian (Spain), in September 2012. This contribution is an introduction to a special issue collating the most challenging papers submitted by Portuguese and Spanish scientists to the symposium. The text was structured as a novel, with the three main parts of a novel: (i) Setup: a historical context, from old times to the 1970's. This part presents the main Iberian scientific contribution to marine science, since the 15th Century, as a precedent to modern scientific research; (ii) Conflict: from the 1970's to the economic crisis. This part presents the evolution of Iberian research production, based upon a bibliometric study, from 1974 to 2012; and (iii) Resolution: what for the future?, which shows the main challenges, proposed by the authors, to the European research initiative 'Horizon 2020', including aspects such as the need of knowledge-base for marine management, the marine research as a potential source of jobs, the ecosystem-based approach, human activities and Marine Spatial Planning, moving from fisheries to aquaculture, or global change issues, among others.

Borja, Angel; Marques, Joao-Carlos; Olabarria, Celia; Quintino, Victor

2013-10-01

101

A political-economic analysis of the failure of neo-liberal restructuring in post-crisis Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates IMF-led neo-liberal restructuring in post-crisis Korea. The main conclusions are that: the economic rebound in 1999--2000 was both incomplete and unsustainable; restructuring created a ongoing credit crunch that continues to constrain investment spending; Korea may have been pushed onto a long-term low-investment, low-growth trajectory; insecurity and inequality have risen substantially; and the influence of foreign capital has

James Crotty; Kang-Kook Lee

2002-01-01

102

Socio economic crisis and mortality. Epidemiological testimony of the financial collapse of Argentina  

PubMed Central

Background Natural disasters, war, and terrorist attacks, have been linked to cardiac mortality. We sought to investigate whether a major financial crisis may impact on the medical management and outcomes of acute coronary syndromes. Methods We analyzed the Argentine cohort of the international multicenter Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE). The primary objective was to estimate if there was an association between the financial crisis period (April 1999 to December 2002) and in- hospital cardiovascular mortality, with the post-crisis period (January 2003 to September 2004) as the referent. Each period was defined according to the evolution of the Gross Domestic Product. We investigated the demographic characteristics, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, morbidity and mortality. Results We analyzed data from 3220 patients, 2246 (69.8%) patients in the crisis period and 974 (30.2%) in the post-crisis frame. The distribution of demographic and clinical baseline characteristics were not significantly different between both periods. During the crisis period the incidence of in-hospital myocardial infarction was higher (6.9% Vs 2.9%; p value < 0.0001), as well as congestive heart failure (16% Vs 11%; p value < 0.0001). Time to intervention with angioplasty was longer during the crisis, especially among public sites (median 190 min Vs 27 min). The incidence proportion of mortality during hospitalization was 6.2% Vs 5.1% after crisis. The crude OR for mortality was 1.2 (95% C.I. 0.87, 1.7). The odds for mortality were higher among private institutions {1.9 (95% C.I. 0.9, 3.8)} than for public centers {1.2 (95% C.I. 0.83, 1.79)}. We did not observe a significant interaction between type of hospital and crisis. Conclusion Our findings suggest that the financial crisis may have had a negative impact on cardiovascular mortality during hospitalization, and higher incidence of medical complications. PMID:16351728

Gurfinkel, Enrique P; Bozovich, Gerardo E; Dabbous, Omar; Mautner, Branco; Anderson, Frederick

2005-01-01

103

Economic crisis, immigrant women and changing availability of intimate partner violence services: a qualitative study of professionals¿ perceptions in Spain.  

PubMed

IntroductionSince 2008, Spain has been in the throes of an economic crisis. This recession particularly affects the living conditions of vulnerable populations, and has also led to a reversal in social policies and a reduction in resources. In this context, the aim of this study was to explore intimate partner violence (IPV) service providers¿ perceptions of the impact of the current economic crisis on these resources in Spain and on their capacity to respond to immigrant women¿s needs experiencing IPV.MethodsA qualitative study was performed based on 43 semi-structured in-depth interviews to social workers, psychologists, intercultural mediators, judges, lawyers, police officers and health professionals from different services dealing with IPV (both, public and NGO¿s) and cities in Spain (Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia and Alicante) in 2011. Transcripts were imported into qualitative analysis software (Atlas.ti), and analysed using qualitative content analysis.ResultsWe identified four categories related to the perceived impact of the current economic crisis: a) ¿Immigrant women have it harder now¿, b) ¿IPV and immigration resources are the first in line for cuts¿, c) ¿ Fewer staff means a less effective service¿ and d) ¿Equality and IPV policies are no longer a government priority¿. A cross-cutting theme emerged from these categories: immigrant women are triply affected; by IPV, by the crisis, and by structural violence.ConclusionThe professionals interviewed felt that present resources in Spain are insufficient to meet the needs of immigrant women, and that the situation might worsen in the future. PMID:25205287

Briones-Vozmediano, Erica; Agudelo-Suarez, Andres A; Goicolea, Isabel; Vives-Cases, Carmen

2014-09-10

104

Enduring an Economic Crisis: The Effect of Macroeconomic Shocks on Intragenerational Mobility in Japan  

PubMed Central

After the burst of its “bubble” economy in 1989, Japan experienced an astonishingly long economic recession whose gravity surpassed any seen in the industrialized world since the 1930s. While this recession is likely to have important consequences on the well-known workplace arrangements and career mobility patterns in that country, systematic analyses of such consequences are nearly absent. This study examines changes in the rates and directions of job mobility in Japan using work history data collected in 2005 from a nationally representative sample of men and women. I find evidence that Japanese firms have largely retained the core elements of the permanent employment system. The norm that stresses men’s loyalty to their employers, however, appears to have weakened, resulting in higher voluntary job turnover among male workers. In addition, the gender gap in lifetime mobility processes has narrowed, but not because Japanese women have gained opportunities in the workplace. Rather, economic stagnation has led to greater fluctuations in employment and wages over men’s life course, thereby closing the gender gap. Beyond illustrating the changing stratification process in Japan, the findings have general implications for understanding how economic crises impact employment relations, institutional transformations, and social change in advanced industrialized countries. PMID:21278839

Yu, Wei-hsin

2010-01-01

105

Economic recession and fertility in the developed world.  

PubMed

This article reviews research on the effects of economic recessions on fertility in the developed world. We study how economic downturns, as measured by various indicators, especially by declining GDP levels, falling consumer confidence, and rising unemployment, were found to affect fertility. We also discuss particular mechanisms through which the recession may have influenced fertility behavior, including the effects of economic uncertainty, falling income, changes in the housing market, and rising enrollment in higher education, and also factors that influence fertility indirectly such as declining marriage rates. Most studies find that fertility tends to be pro-cyclical and often rises and declines with the ups and downs of the business cycle. Usually, these aggregate effects are relatively small (typically, a few percentage points) and of short durations; in addition they often influence especially the timing of childbearing and in most cases do not leave an imprint on cohort fertility levels. Therefore, major long-term fertility shifts often continue seemingly uninterrupted during the recession—including the fertility declines before and during the Great Depression of the 1930s and before and during the oil shock crises of the 1970s. Changes in the opportunity costs of childbearing and fertility behavior during economic downturn vary by sex, age, social status, and number of children; childless young adults are usually most affected. Furthermore, various policies and institutions may modify or even reverse the relationship between recessions and fertility. The first evidence pertaining to the recent recession falls in line with these findings. In most countries, the recession has brought a decline in the number of births and fertility rates, often marking a sharp halt to the previous decade of rising fertility rates. PMID:22066128

Sobotka, Tomáš; Skirbekk, Vegard; Philipov, Dimiter

2011-01-01

106

The world economic system and international migration in less developed countries: an ecological approach.  

PubMed

"This paper analysed net migration within the context of [the] world economic system and urban ecological framework using the structural equation model." The author "employs linear structural equation modelling to examine determinants of international migration, using data from the World Bank World Tables, World Development Reports and the World Bank." (SUMMARY IN FRE AND SPA) PMID:12346351

Amankwaa, A A

1995-01-01

107

World without end: Economics, environment, and sustainable development  

SciTech Connect

The volume is the outcome of several years of research, fieldwork, and policy advice concerned with the rapidly growing subject of environmental economics in developing countries. The authors make no claim to originality of research and have borrowed freely from the existing literature. In at least two respects, however, the volume is unique. First, it uses a great deal of material, such as background papers and research conducted for the World Bank, that is not readily available to the wider public. Some of the chapters overlap. This is deliberate and, in fact, unavoidable. Since many readers may only want to read about a specific subject, such as population, poverty, market-based incentives, or tropical forests, the authors have attempted to make each chapter self-contained. The authors experimented with several sequences for the chapters and found that, regardless of the overall structure, the authors frequently had to share information among chapters to make each story coherent.

Pearce, D.W.; Warford, J.J.

1993-01-01

108

Participation in crisis decision making  

E-print Network

was found for each combination. The strategic military crisis was the Cuban Missile. Crisis, the strategic non-military crisis was the U-2 crisis, the nonistrategic non-m515. tary crisis was the seizure of the Pueblo, and the non-strategic military crisis... narrative materials concerning four political events since the end of World War II that are generally considered foreign policy crises: the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U-2 Crisis, the Korean Decision, and the Pueblo Crisis. Thi. s research investigates...

Marsico, Dale Joseph

1973-01-01

109

Economic consequences of the financial crisis -A Keynesian point of view Angel Asensio  

E-print Network

as competitive distortions in financial markets are going to be removed, at least partially. Interest rate crisis' (in the sense of a durable slump in markets performances given the degree of competition should therefore predict (but all do not dare) that market will spontaneously rejoin `fundamentals', once

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

110

GREENING FOR SURVIVAL: THE ECONOMIC CRISIS, URBAN GREENING, AND SUSTAINABILITY IN HAVANA, CUBA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The collapse ofthe Soviet Union in the early 1990.1' eliminated important markets and subsidies for the Cuban economy. throwing the country into a crisis. The Cuban government's response to the food and fuel shortage was to implement a unique national program to increase food production. A vital part of this program was the development of the Department of Urban Agriculture,

Elin Zurbrigg

111

Randomised Controlled Trial of Joint Crisis Plans to Reduce Compulsory Treatment for People with Psychosis: Economic Outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Compulsory admission to psychiatric hospitals may be distressing, disruptive to patients and families, and associated with considerable cost to the health service. Improved patient experience and cost reductions could be realised by providing cost-effective crisis planning services. Methods Economic evaluation within a multi-centre randomised controlled trial comparing Joint Crisis Plans (JCP) plus treatment as usual (TAU) to TAU alone for patients aged over 16, with at least one psychiatric hospital admission in the previous two years and on the Enhanced Care Programme Approach register. JCPs, containing the patient's treatment preferences for any future psychiatric emergency, are a form of crisis intervention that aim to mitigate the negative consequences of relapse, including hospital admission and use of coercion. Data were collected at baseline and 18-months after randomisation. The primary outcome was admission to hospital under the Mental Health Act. The economic evaluation took a service perspective (health, social care and criminal justice services) and a societal perspective (additionally including criminal activity and productivity losses). Findings The addition of JCPs to TAU had no significant effect on compulsory admissions or total societal cost per participant over 18-months follow-up. From the service cost perspective, however, evidence suggests a higher probability (80%) of JCPs being the more cost-effective option. Exploration by ethnic group highlights distinct patterns of costs and effects. Whilst the evidence does not support the cost-effectiveness of JCPs for White or Asian ethnic groups, there is at least a 90% probability of the JCP intervention being the more cost-effective option in the Black ethnic group. Interpretation The results by ethnic group are sufficiently striking to warrant further investigation into the potential for patient gain from JCPs among black patient groups. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11501328 PMID:24282495

Farrelly, Simone; Birchwood, Max; Dunn, Graham; Flach, Clare; Henderson, Claire; Leese, Morven; Marshall, Max; Rose, Diana; Sutherby, Kim; Szmukler, George; Thornicroft, Graham; Byford, Sarah

2013-01-01

112

Comparison of the financial performance of Islamic and conventional bank in Malaysia during and after economic crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is a continuation of our former work. In this paper, we compare the financial performance of the two banking systems that exist in Malaysia over two periods of time, during economic crisis (1997-1999) and after economic crisis (2001-2003). In order to see the conventional as well as Islamic bank's performance over these two periods of time, the study uses 10 financial ratios which are broadly categorized into 4 groups: (a) profitability ratios; (b) liquidity ratios; (c) risk and solvency ratios; and (d) efficiency ratios. Next, the study used T-test in determining the significance of the differential performance of the two banks over two periods of time. By using inter-bank comparison, the study found that, conventional bank has better performance, efficient, more profitable and has greater risk as compared to Islamic bank. However, in terms of utilizing asset, Islamic bank is better than conventional bank. As an overall, conventional bank is better in much aspect due to the longer history and experience in the industry than Islamic bank that start their operation in 1983.

Kadir, Norhidayah A.; Jaffar, Aidatullaini; Abdullah, Nur Lina; Harun, Nurzalina

2013-09-01

113

Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis  

E-print Network

Lay perception Crisis 1 Running head: Lay perception Financial Crisis Human Foibles or Systemic Failure -- Lay Perceptions of the 2008-09 Financial Crisis David Leiser Ben-Gurion University Sacha-39" #12;Lay perception Crisis 2 Abstract We examined lay perceptions of the recent financial and economic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

114

[Prevention in times of economic crisis and spending review. The Lazio Region as a study case].  

PubMed

With cutbacks being implemented across a wide range of social and government programs throughout Europe and the rest of the world, preventive services have become more vulnerable. In this context, it is essential to properly focus the debate on public healthcare expenditure, stressing that financing preventive services is not merely a cost, but an investment in citizen well-being as well as economic stability and development. In Italy indeed all seem to agree on three priorities: i) strengthening prevention activities; ii) reorganization of hospital care; and iii) reinforcement of primary care. A plenty of data are available in Italy from some recently published authoritative reports. Given that health policies should be driven by a solid evidence base, it is important to look at the available data to understand if these priorities are justified. The Lazio Region, which is particularly under pressure since it is one of the regions with a formal regional recovery plan (Piano di Rientro), was chosen as a case-study. In the Lazio Region public health care expenditure is particularly high, but the health care expenditure for prevention activities is among the lowest of the Italian Regions. Major weakness points documented by the essential levels of care indicators included recommended vaccinations coverage, oncological screening programs, residential beds for the elderly and persons with disability and hospital care efficiency. Avoidable mortality is higher in the Lazio than in the rest of the country, as well as the prevalence of some major behavioral risk factors. Even if all data available support the choice to consider prevention activities as a priority, it is essential to increasing the value of prevention, investing money in preventive interventions of proven effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and promoting synergies with institutions outside the health care sector, implementing in a more efficient way the principle of Health in All Policies. PMID:24548905

Di Marco, Marco; Marzuillo, Carolina; De Vito, Corrado; Matarazzo, Azzurra; Massimi, Azzurra; Villari, Paolo

2013-01-01

115

Buying for Armageddon: Factors influencing post-World War II weapons purchases since the Cuban Missile Crisis  

SciTech Connect

The central problem of this study is the role that the economy and economic interests play in decisions about US weapons-systems acquisition. Despite a voluminous literature discussing the formation of military policy, journalistic accounts of business influence on military policy dominate the literature. A notable exception to this pattern is Griffin, Devine, and Wallace's use of time-series data on military expenditures to assess Baran and Sweezy's thesis that military expenditures are necessary to the good health of the monopoly sector of the US economy. Using similar techniques and an expanded data set, the effect of business political action and major economic forces on the quantity and types of weapons purchased since the Cuban Missile Crisis are investigated. Findings indicate that defense contractor rates of profit have a positive relationship to procurement expenditures of most types. This is opposite of the effect posited by most of the literature. Elite political mobilization, measured by the activity of the Committee on the Present Danger, a group at the core of the New Right Social Movement, has a positive effect on expenditures.

Boies, J.L.

1991-01-01

116

[Economic crisis and employment conditions: gender differences and the response of social and employment policies. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

The economic crisis has had an impact across the European Union (EU), but has had a devastating impact on the labor market in Spain, which has become the country within the EU-15 with the worst employment indicators. The situation is worse in younger people, half of whom were unemployed in 2012, with a slightly higher rate in men (54.4%) than in women (51.8%). This high unemployment rate will be even more difficult to redress because of the decrease in public spending on active employment per percentage point of unemployment in 2012 compared with 2007. Furthermore, the decrease in spending on passive employment policies will worsen the health of the unemployed population. PMID:24863992

Escribà-Agüir, Vicenta; Fons-Martinez, Jaime

2014-06-01

117

Barriers and Incentives to Orphan Care in a Time of AIDS and Economic Crisis: A Cross-Sectional Survey of Caregivers in Rural Zimbabwe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans within their extended families. Lack of stable care is putting thousands of children at heightened risk of malnourishment,…

Howard, Brian H.; Phillips, Carl V.; Matinhure, Nelia; Goodman, Karen J.; McCurdy, Sheryl A; Johnson, Cary A.

2007-01-01

118

Urban agriculture in Dar es Salaam: Its contribution to solving the economic crisis and the damage it does to the environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses urban agriculture in the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and how it helps people to cope with the country's economic crisis. Urban agriculture is also associated with environmental degradation. The article identifies factors that encourage urban agriculture at four different levels and suggests that to check further environmental degradation, concerted efforts should be made at all

Malongo RS Mlozi

1996-01-01

119

World politics Business & finance Economics Science & technology Culture Blogs Debate & discuss Multimedia Print edition  

E-print Network

World politics Business & finance Economics Science & technology Culture Blogs Debate & discuss Multimedia Print edition May 26th 2011 | from the print edition Enlarge The Anthropocene A man-made world to make human activity central to its conception of the world, rather than a distraction, would mark

Reiners, Peter W.

120

Soil Erosion: Quiet Crisis in the World Economy. Worldwatch Paper 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although soil erosion is a natural process, it has increased to the point where it far exceeds the natural formation of new soil. However, with only occasional exceptions, national agricultural and population policies have failed to take soil depletion into account. Projections of world food production always incorporate estimates of future…

Brown, Lester R.; Wolf, Edward C.

121

Women and the environment: A reader - crisis and development in the Third World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sontheimer's collection of essays explores the complex interrelationships between Third World women and their ecological base of survival. Designed to bring together a broad selection of information from available literature, this volume provides an overview of current situations. Divided into four sections - women's use and management of land, forests, and water; and women's initiatives to repair environmental damage -

Sontheimer

1992-01-01

122

Receiving and Discovering Information: Two Role-Playing Simulations of the World War I Conscription Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes two approaches to using role-playing in the history classroom: (1) providing factual information to the students; and (2) allowing them to discover the experiences of historical actors. Expounds that the recommended role-playing simulations help students discover why Canadians were divided over the conscription issue in World War I. (CMK)

MacFarlane, John

1999-01-01

123

Women and the environment: A reader - crisis and development in the Third World  

SciTech Connect

Sontheimer's collection of essays explores the complex interrelationships between Third World women and their ecological base of survival. Designed to bring together a broad selection of information from available literature, this volume provides an overview of current situations. Divided into four sections - women's use and management of land, forests, and water; and women's initiatives to repair environmental damage - the book may help erase misconceptions and show the important role of women in international environmental matters.

Sontheimer, S. (ed.)

1992-01-01

124

The Quest for the Cup: Assessing the Economic Impact of the World Cup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Baade R. A. and Matheson V. A. (2004) The quest for the cup: assessing the economic impact of the World Cup, Reg. Studies38, 343–354. Hosting the World Cup, the world’s second largest sporting event, is a potentially expensive affair. The co-hosts of the 2002 games, Japan and South Korea, spent a combined US$4 billion building new facilities or refurbishing old

Robert A. Baade; Victor A. Matheson

2004-01-01

125

A World Bazaar: Learning about Community, Geography, and Economics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes how teachers, students, and other community members collaborated in the planning and preparation of World Bazaar, a project aimed to immerse elementary students into modern and ancient cultures through reading, writing, researching, using maps, and seeing videos. On the day of the World Bazaar, the courtyard…

Guerrero, Karen

2007-01-01

126

The Economics of the Duration of the Baseball World Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This note examines some statistical features of the major league baseball World Series. We show that, based upon actual historical data, we cannot reject the hypothesis that the two World Series teams are evenly matched. Yet, we can also calculate the relative strengths of the teams that would best match the actual outcomes, and we find that those…

Cassuto, Alexander E.; Lowenthal, Franklin

2007-01-01

127

Nanotechnology and Innovation, Recent status and the strategic implication for the formation of high tech clusters in Greece, in between a global economic crisis  

E-print Network

Nanotechnology is the first major worldwide research initiative of the 21st century and probably is the solution vector in the economic environment. Also, innovation is widely recognized as a key factor in the economic development of nations, and is essential for the competitiveness of the industrial firms as well. Policy and management of innovation are necessary in order to develop innovation and it involves processes. It is essential to develop new methods for nanotechnology development for better understanding of nanotechnology based innovation. Nanotechnologies reveal commercialization processes, from start ups to large firms in collaboration with public sector research. In the current paper, a study in the present status of innovation in nanotechnology and the affection of global economic crisis in this section is made and also the potential of increase the innovation via the presence of clusters in a small country like Greece which is in the eye of tornado from the global crisis is studied.

Gkanas, Evangelos I; Makridis, Sofoklis S; Stubos, Athanasios K; Bakouros, Ioannis

2013-01-01

128

Mitigating arsenic crisis in the developing world: role of robust, reusable and selective hybrid anion exchanger (HAIX).  

PubMed

In trying to address the public health crisis from the lack of potable water, millions of tube wells have been installed across the world. From these tube wells, natural groundwater contamination from arsenic regularly puts at risk the health of over 100 million people in South and Southeast Asia. Although there have been many research projects, awards and publications, appropriate treatment technology has not been matched to ground level realities and water solutions have not scaled to reach millions of people. For thousands of people from Nepal to India to Cambodia, hybrid anion exchange (HAIX) resins have provided arsenic-safe water for up to nine years. Synthesis of HAIX resins has been commercialized and they are now available globally. Robust, reusable and arsenic-selective, HAIX has been in operation in rural communities over numerous cycles of exhaustion-regeneration. All necessary testing and system maintenance is organized by community-level water staff. Removed arsenic is safely stored in a scientifically and environmentally appropriate manner to prevent future hazards to animals or people. Recent installations have shown the profitability of HAIX-based arsenic treatment, with capital payback periods of only two years in ideal locations. With an appropriate implementation model, HAIX-based treatment can rapidly scale and provide arsenic-safe water to at-risk populations. PMID:24321388

German, Michael; Seingheng, Hul; SenGupta, Arup K

2014-08-01

129

Impact of the economic crisis on children's health in Catalonia: a before–after approach  

PubMed Central

Objectives To analyse changes in the family living conditions of children in Catalonia between 2006 and the 2010–2012 period, and to study associations between these changes and health outcomes. Design A before–after analysis of two cross-sectional surveys. Setting Population younger than 15?years of age from Catalonia, Spain. Participants Representative samples of children in the 2006 Catalan Health Survey (ESCA), baseline, before the crisis; n=2200) and the first four waves of ESCA 2010–2012 (after start of the crisis, n=1967). Main outcome measures Overweight/obesity, health behaviour, mental health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Logistic regression and multiple linear regression models were used to analyse the influence of changes in family conditions on outcome measures, including interaction terms to describe the potential influence of the study period on the results. Results The percentage of unemployed families rose from 9.1% (2006) to 20.6% (2010–2012), with inequalities by level of education. Overweight/obesity increased from 18.4% (95% CI 16.5% to 20.4%) to 26.9% (24.6% to 29.2%) in 2010–2012, and inequalities related to maternal education and employment status persisted. Eating habits have improved in 2010–2012 in disadvantaged families (ie, junk food consumption improved in families with a maternal primary education level; beta (B)=2.85; 0.83 to 4.88, for the survey interaction by primary education level). An improvement in HRQOL was found in the second survey (B=6.07; 4.15 to 7.99), although children whose mothers had a primary education showed poorer HRQOL scores in this survey than in 2006 (B=?4.14; ?7.17 to ?1.12). Conclusions Although some health-related behaviour improved during the study period, childhood obesity increased and inequalities in HRQOL appeared. Policy measures that fight against these inequalities should be urgently implemented to avoid their negative impact on the health of future generations of Catalans. PMID:23975103

Rajmil, Luis; Medina-Bustos, Antonia; Fernández de Sanmamed, María-José; Mompart-Penina, Anna

2013-01-01

130

14.11 Special Topics in Economics: The Challenge of World Poverty, Fall 2006  

E-print Network

This is a course for those who are interested in the challenge posed by massive and persistent world poverty, have had some economics, and believe that economists might have something useful to say about this question. The ...

Banerjee, Abhijit

131

The Quiet Crisis: The Impact of the Economic Downturn on the Nonprofit Sector  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report was written to shine a spotlight on the under-reported plight of America's nonprofit organizations and to make recommendations for how the nation can respond. In the wake of the economic downturn, hospitals, nursing homes, nursery schools, senior centers, soup kitchens, and other nonprofit organizations have been hit by a triple…

Bridgeland, John M.; McNaught, Mary; Reed, Bruce; Dunkelman, Marc

2009-01-01

132

Ernie Erg's Second Primer on the Economics of the Energy Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is intended to teach about scarce resources and to relate them to basic economics and energy conservation. The content and activities of the unit are introduced through conversation and readings flexible enough for free student expression. The purpose of the study is to provide students with enough information about present and emerging…

Nixon, Ila

133

Urban Youth Economic Enterprise Zones: An Intervention Strategy for Reversing the Gang Crisis in American Cities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that any strategy designed to combat the problem of urban youth groups must (1) have high visibility; (2) be youth intense; and (3) use economic development approaches such as community-based small business enterprises. The proposed youth enterprise zones model is a youth and community revitalization strategy. (SLD)

Ellis, Arthur L.

1992-01-01

134

WebEc: World Wide Web Resources in Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

WebEc is "...an effort to categorize free information in economics on the WWW." Bill Goffe, author of Resources for Economists on the Internet (discussed in the May 31, 1996 Scout Report) notes WebEc is "...a particularly good place to look for a broader array of business and economic resources." In addition to every known facet of economics, other supporting sections are also listed. Produced as a joint and volunteer effort, the intended audience is academic economists. WebEc is a part of NetEc, which also provides information on printed working papers (BibEc), on electronic working papers (WoPEc) and code for econometrics (CodEc).

1995-01-01

135

No Time for Timidity: A "Buffett" Approach to Weathering the Economic Crisis and Coming out Ahead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The counterintuitive approach of the world's greatest value investor, Warren Buffett, may be the best hope for colleges and universities during this recession. Buffett's time-tested philosophy of seeking value and investing for the long term remains a sound approach, even if his short-term returns have declined along with those of the rest of the…

Hesel, Richard A.; Strauss, David W.; Edwards, Benjamin G.

2009-01-01

136

Developing countries and monitoring WTO commitments in response to the global economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the role of the public sector in providing additional information to exporters in developing countries as they seek to monitor and keep open their access to foreign markets by using the rules of the WTO system. It highlights new information generation and dissemination initiatives undertaken by the WTO Secretariat, Global Trade Alert, and the World Bank in

Chad P. Bown

2010-01-01

137

Meeting the needs of the new millennium: passenger space travel and world economic growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Without doubt, humans’ most urgent need at the start of the new millennium is the continuation of economic growth, which is the only means by which the great majority of the world population can lift themselves out of the poverty in which they live. A sine qua non for continuing economic growth is for the rich countries to continue to

Patrick Collins

2002-01-01

138

From Economic Growth to Sustainable Development in a Globalized World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays it is important that developing countries tap themselves fully to a new philosophy of development that is specific to the European Union and widely shared worldwide – namely the philosophy of transition from economic growth to sustainable development. Thus, concrete targets are now pursued, designed to enable transition within a reasonable and realistic time to the development model generating

Craciun Liliana

2011-01-01

139

Institutions and Economic Growth: Europe After World War II  

Microsoft Academic Search

European economic growth in the quarter of a century that ended in 1973 outstripped growth in any period of comparable length before or since. The elements of Europe's growth miracle -- wage moderation, high investment and rapid export growth -- were delivered by a tailor-made set of domestic and international arrangements -- on the domestic side the social market economy,

Barry Eichengreen

1994-01-01

140

Barriers and incentives to orphan care in a time of AIDS and economic crisis: a cross-sectional survey of caregivers in rural Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Africa is in an orphan-care crisis. In Zimbabwe, where one-fourth of adults are HIV-positive and one-fifth of children are orphans, AIDS and economic decline are straining society's ability to care for orphans within their extended families. Lack of stable care is putting thousands of children at heightened risk of malnourishment, emotional underdevelopment, illiteracy, poverty, sexual exploitation, and HIV infection,

Brian H Howard; Carl V Phillips; Nelia Matinhure; Karen J Goodman; Sheryl A McCurdy; Cary A Johnson

2006-01-01

141

The American science pipeline: sustaining innovation in a time of economic crisis.  

PubMed

Significant limitations have emerged in America's science training pipeline, including inaccessibility, inflexibility, financial limitations, and lack of diversity. We present three effective programs that collectively address these challenges. The programs are grounded in rigorous science and integrate through diverse disciplines across undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral students, and resonate with the broader community. We discuss these models in the context of current economic constraints on higher education and the urgent need for our institutions to recruit and retain diverse student populations and sustain the successful American record in scientific education and innovation. PMID:21123689

Hue, Gillian; Sales, Jessica; Comeau, Dawn; Lynn, David G; Eisen, Arri

2010-01-01

142

The influence of the environmental management system on the environmental impact of seaport companies during an economic crisis: Lithuanian case study.  

PubMed

Freight handling in EU ports fell by more than 12 % during the global economic crisis in 2008-2009 after almost a decade of continuous growth. The decrease of freight handling in the Klaipeda seaport, the only port in Lithuania, was 6.7 % and happened due to the dominant outward movement of goods (mainly oil products). The Klaipeda seaport, due to its peculiarity, is the only ice-free port in the northern part of Baltic Sea. The present study explores the environmental impact of Klaipeda seaport activities from 2001 to 2011. Moreover, it compares the environmental effectiveness of environmental protection strategies used in the four biggest companies that, in fact, cover about 88 % of total activities (except general cargo) of the seaport. The first group of targeted companies used an environmental protection strategy to implement an ISO 14001-based environmental management system, and the second group selected to follow environmental management practices without certification. The paper analyses the development of the companies' activities in regard to the change of environmental effectiveness. The paper evaluates the pressure of the economic crisis on the companies' activities and its influence on environmental decisions, with particular interest in the ability of different environmental protection systems to resist and handle the expected performance. The study identified a significant decrease in companies' activities during the crisis period. However, the economic activities and environmental effectiveness demonstrated similar short-term tendencies in regard to the environmental strategy selection but differed in long-term perspective. PMID:25109472

Anne, Olga; Burskyte, Vilma; Stasiskiene, Zaneta; Balciunas, Arunas

2015-01-01

143

The impact of the economic crisis and the US embargo on health in Cuba.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: This paper examines the combined effects of a severe economic decline since 1989 and a tightening of the US embargo in 1992 on health and health care in Cuba. METHODS: Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were reviewed. These sources were supplemented with utilization data from the national health system and interviews with health leaders. RESULTS: Changes in Cuba include declining nutritional levels, rising rates of infectious diseases and violent death, and a deteriorating public health infrastructure. But despite these threats, mortality levels for children and women remain low. Instead, much of the health impact of the economic decline of Cuba has fallen on adult men and the elderly. CONCLUSIONS: To be consistent with international humanitarian law, embargoes must not impede access to essential humanitarian goods. Yet this embargo has raised the cost of medical supplies and food Rationing, universal access to primary health services, a highly educated population, and preferential access to scarce goods for women and children help protect most Cubans from what otherwise might have been a health disaster. PMID:9065219

Garfield, R; Santana, S

1997-01-01

144

Educational Technology in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presentation of the historical epistemological path is needed to understand and reconsider the discipline of Educational Technology in articulation to contributions of rupturistic theorists in order to reach to a critical proposal and a revision of its field. This field is facing a deep crisis within a time of world crisis, specially in the…

Fainholc, Beatriz

2008-01-01

145

Was the economic crisis 1997–1998 responsible for rising suicide rates in East\\/Southeast Asia? A time–trend analysis for Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1997–1998 a widespread economic crisis hit the economies of many East\\/Southeast Asian countries; its impact on suicide rates across the region has not been systematically documented. We investigated the impact of the Asian economic crisis (1997–1998) on suicide in Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Thailand. Suicide and population data for the period 1985–2006 were extracted from

Shu-Sen Chang; David Gunnell; Jonathan A. C. Sterne; Tsung-Hsueh Lu; Andrew T. A. Cheng

2009-01-01

146

ECONLinks: A Source of Economic Information on the World Wide Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Scott Simkins, Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics at North Carolina A & T State University, created this metasite to provide easy access to basic economic and financial information for students. Links to US government publications, economic statistics, and financial market information, among others, are clearly organized and annotated. A "Student Resources" list provides links to economic textbooks (full text), while a "Current News" directory of Internet news sources encourages students to stay abreast of the latest world developments. Educators may also find a "Teacher Resources" list of discussion group and course material links useful.

Simkins, Scott.

1998-01-01

147

[Shifting of emphasis in the world health sector strategy; from political concerns to economic ones].  

PubMed

Primary Health Care, proclaimed by WHO in 1978, is a health strategy that aims to achieve the ultimate objective "Health For All", with underlying political concerns for ideals such as social justice, equity and human rights. Meanwhile, "globalization", urged by the U.S.A., other developed countries and multinational corporations, has since promoted liberalization of trade, capital and finance, which has in the past few decades been sweeping all over the world. With this "new economic liberalism", values that put much emphasis on economic efficiency are now at the forefront. The World Bank, which supports the tendency along with the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization, has become an influential actor in helping developing countries to prosper economically. The World Bank, whose basic idea is that investment in health is basic for economic growth, has in the 1990s also exerted considerable influence on the international health sector with its overwhelming provision of financial assistance. Instead of political concerns like equity and human rights, 'economic concerns' such as fairer budget allocation, cost-effectiveness, cost reduction and efficiency have now become main points for discussion in the international health field. This shift in emphasis poses fundamental questions for the core goal of the World Health Organization; "Health For All". PMID:14699857

Yuasa, Motoyuki; Tateno, Seiki; Wakai, Susumu

2003-11-01

148

Economic Fluctuations and Statistical Physics: Quantifying Extremely Rare Events with Applications to the Present Worldwide Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent analysis of truly huge quantities of empirical data suggests that classic economic theories not only fail for a few outliers, but that there occur similar outliers of every possible size. In fact, if one analyzes only a small data set (say data points), then outliers appear to occur as ``rare events.'' However, when we analyze orders of magnitude more data (200 million data points!), we find orders of magnitude more outliers---so ignoring them is not a responsible option, and studying their properties becomes a realistic goal. We find that the statistical properties of these ``outliers'' are identical to the statistical properties of everyday fluctuations. We report a recent discovery that the same laws govern the formation and bursting of large bubbles as tiny bubbles, over a factor of 1,000,000,000 in time scale. This work was carried out in collaboration with a number of colleagues, chief among whom are T. Preis, J. J. Schneider, X. Gabaix, V. Plerou, and P. Gopikrishnan.

Stanley, H. Eugene

2010-03-01

149

World Development Report 1985. International Capital and Economic Development. World Development Indicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the contribution that international capital makes to economic development, this report shows how countries at different stages of development have used external finance productively; how the institutional and policy environment affects the volume and composition of financial flows to developing countries; and how the international…

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC.

150

OECD Educationtoday Crisis Survey 2010: The Impact of the Economic Recession and Fiscal Crisis on Education in OECD Countries. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 56  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Directorate for Education surveyed the impact of the economic recession on education for the first time in June 2009. Responses were received from seventeen OECD member countries, the Flemish Community of Belgian and two Canadian provinces. The results of the survey reflect the…

Damme, Dirk V.; Karkkainen, Kiira

2011-01-01

151

International Organizations, the "Education-Economic Growth" Black Box, and the Development of World Education Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has four sections. First, the author presents a theoretical discussion of the different explanations regarding the explosion of education after World War II. She explains how the actor-network theory--a theory of knowledge and of agency--enables people to understand the formation of the education-economic growth black box. The…

Resnik, Julia

2006-01-01

152

Analysis of the potential and problems of new institutional economics for third world development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to provide a critical evaluation of the potential of new institutional economics (NIE) in third world development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper reviews various theories under NIE from both conceptual and empirical perspectives. It then reviews the various definitions of institutions and show that institutions are essential to overcome problems of information and

Gamini Herath

2005-01-01

153

A Comparative Study of Electric Load Curve Changes in an Urban Low-Voltage Substation in Spain during the Economic Crisis (2008–2013)  

PubMed Central

This paper presents a comparative study of the electricity consumption (EC) in an urban low-voltage substation before and during the economic crisis (2008–2013). This low-voltage substation supplies electric power to near 400 users. The EC was measured for an 11-year period (2002–2012) with a sampling time of 1 minute. The study described in the paper consists of detecting the changes produced in the load curves of this substation along the time due to changes in the behaviour of consumers. The EC was compared using representative curves per time period (precrisis and crisis). These representative curves were obtained after a computational process, which was based on a search for days with similar curves to the curve of a determined (base) date. This similitude was assessed by the proximity on the calendar, day of the week, daylight time, and outdoor temperature. The last selection parameter was the error between the nearest neighbour curves and the base date curve. The obtained representative curves were linearized to determine changes in their structure (maximum and minimum consumption values, duration of the daily time slot, etc.). The results primarily indicate an increase in the EC in the night slot during the summer months in the crisis period. PMID:24895677

Lara-Santillán, Pedro M.; Mendoza-Villena, Montserrat; Fernández-Jiménez, L. Alfredo; Mañana-Canteli, Mario

2014-01-01

154

Changes in Access to Health Services of the Immigrant and Native-Born Population in Spain in the Context of Economic Crisis  

PubMed Central

Aim: To analyze changes in access to health care and its determinants in the immigrant and native-born populations in Spain, before and during the economic crisis. Methods: Comparative analysis of two iterations of the Spanish National Health Survey (2006 and 2012). Outcome variables were: unmet need and use of different healthcare levels; explanatory variables: need, predisposing and enabling factors. Multivariate models were performed (1) to compare outcome variables in each group between years, (2) to compare outcome variables between both groups within each year, and (3) to determine the factors associated with health service use for each group and year. Results: unmet healthcare needs decreased in 2012 compared to 2006; the use of health services remained constant, with some changes worth highlighting, such as the decline in general practitioner visits among autochthons and a narrowed gap in specialist visits between the two populations. The factors associated with health service use in 2006 remained constant in 2012. Conclusion: Access to healthcare did not worsen, possibly due to the fact that, until 2012, the national health system may have cushioned the deterioration of social determinants as a consequence of the financial crisis. Further studies are necessary to evaluate the effects of health policy responses to the crisis after 2012. PMID:25272078

Garcia-Subirats, Irene; Vargas, Ingrid; Sanz-Barbero, Belén; Malmusi, Davide; Ronda, Elena; Ballesta, Mónica; Vázquez, María Luisa

2014-01-01

155

Economic Crisis, Accountability, and the State's Coercive Assault on Public Education in the USA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines education accountability as a mechanism of coercive neoliberal urban governance in the USA. Drawing on Gramscian theory of the "integral state" as the dialectical synthesis of coercion, consent, and resistance, the author argues that as the crisis gives the state less room to win consent, it intensifies coercion as…

Lipman, Pauline

2013-01-01

156

The Effects of World War II on Economic and Health Outcomes across Europe.  

PubMed

We investigate long-run effects of World War II on socio-economic status and health of older individuals in Europe. We analyze data from SHARELIFE, a retrospective survey conducted as part of SHARE in Europe in 2009. SHARELIFE provides detailed data on events in childhood during and after the war for over 20,000 individuals in 13 European countries. We construct several measures of war exposure-experience of dispossession, persecution, combat in local areas, and hunger periods. Exposure to war and more importantly to individual-level shocks caused by the war significantly predicts economic and health outcomes at older ages. PMID:24850973

Kesternich, Iris; Siflinger, Bettina; Smith, James P; Winter, Joachim K

2014-03-01

157

China's Environmental Challenges and Implications for the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

After three decades of exceptional economic growth, China has become a global economic powerhouse. As the economy has grown, though, so have China's environmental challenges, causing enormous socioeconomic consequences for China and the rest of the world. The global financial crisis has prompted China to create more domestic demand for consumption and implement massive infrastructure construction. Although China has the

JIANGUO LIU; PETER H. RAVEN

2010-01-01

158

Coasts in Crisis  

SciTech Connect

Coastal areas are staggering under an onslaught of human activity. We are presently in the process of destroying 70 percent of the world`s 600,000 square kilometers of coral reefs, an ecosystem containing some 200,000 different species and rivaling tropical rain forests in biodiversity. A combination of pollution, habitat destruction, and gross overfishing has led to the collapse of major fisheries and paved the way for malnutrition and disease in regions where people fish for subsistence. Globally, little is being done to manage the crisis of our coasts. Management strategies, if they exist at all, often deal with economic development along a wafer-thin strip of coastal land. Resource degradation is ignored, and watershed management is mostly rhetoric. Although some 55 countries have drawn up coastal management plans, only a handful have been properly implemented. Coasts must be managed in an integrated manner that takes into account the full range of human activities. Initiating this process is costly, time-consuming, and difficult. Yet we have more than three decades of accumulated experience to draw on.

Hinrichsen, D.

1996-11-01

159

The environmental chemistry track for Youth Slam 2009 is focused on the World Water Crisis. Did you know that over one billion people currently lack access to clean drinking  

E-print Network

, waterborne diseases are the leading cause of death.1 Though the technology exists to provide clean drinking to the world's water problems. However, several factors must be taken into consideration when developing Development Report 2006. Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis, http

160

School Buildings in Today's Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To get a picture of the impact of the current economic and financial crisis on educational building programmes so far, the OECD Centre for Effective Learning Environments (CELE) has been conducting a survey of member countries and regions. The survey focuses on three main issues: the impact of the crisis on publicly funded projects, the impact on…

Blyth, Alastair

2009-01-01

161

Russia's Demographic "Crisis"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rand Organization has recently made available via the Web the full text of Russia's Demographic "Crisis." "This volume is an outgrowth of a June 5-6, 1995 conference at which a group of Russian demographers presented the results of their pioneering research on Russia's demographic 'crisis' to American colleagues from the Rand Organization, the University of California-Los Angeles, the University of Southern California, and the International Programs Center of the US Bureau of the Census." The six papers that make up the volume deal with two broad categories: "(1) fertility and family planning; and (2) issues in the area of health and mortality--health status, health care, and population aging." The scope of a Russian demographic crisis is hotly debated, as well as "the interrelations between economic reforms and demographic trends in Russia." Russia's Demographic "Crisis" should shed some light on this topic.

1996-01-01

162

The Little-Known Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For one-third of the world's people, the energy crisis means the daily scramble to find the wood they need to cook. The accelerating destruction of forests throughout Africa, Asia and Latin America and the utilization of manure as a firewood substitute may produce the most profound ecological crisis of this century. (BT)

Eckholm, Erik P.

1975-01-01

163

Crisis and Employment: The Case of Korea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines Korea's employment dynamics and analyzes how adverse impacts could be mitigated during the recent economic crisis in comparison with the 1997 to 1998 Asian crisis. A clear lesson is that policies to mitigate adverse impacts of financial crisis on the macroeconomic level should be given priority for preserving employment. In…

Cho, Dongchul; Shin, Sukha

2012-01-01

164

Ethical, Political and Societal Implications of the Open Access Journal Movement in the Era of Economic Crisis, with Emphasis on Public Health Pharmacogenomics.  

PubMed

Publication of the research outputs is a vital step of the research processes and a gateway between the laboratory and the global society. Open Access is revolutionizing the dissemination of scientific ideas, particularly in the field of public health pharmacogenomics that examines the ways in which pharmacogenomics impacts health systems and services at a societal level, rather than a narrow bench to bedside model of translation science. This manuscript argues that despite some limitations and drawbacks, open access has profound ethical, political and societal implications especially on underdeveloped and developing countries, and that it provides opportunities for science to grow in these resource-limited countries, particularly in the era of a severe economic and financial crisis that is imposing cuts and restrictions to research. PMID:25045411

Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi

2013-12-01

165

Ethical, Political and Societal Implications of the Open Access Journal Movement in the Era of Economic Crisis, with Emphasis on Public Health Pharmacogenomics  

PubMed Central

Publication of the research outputs is a vital step of the research processes and a gateway between the laboratory and the global society. Open Access is revolutionizing the dissemination of scientific ideas, particularly in the field of public health pharmacogenomics that examines the ways in which pharmacogenomics impacts health systems and services at a societal level, rather than a narrow bench to bedside model of translation science. This manuscript argues that despite some limitations and drawbacks, open access has profound ethical, political and societal implications especially on underdeveloped and developing countries, and that it provides opportunities for science to grow in these resource-limited countries, particularly in the era of a severe economic and financial crisis that is imposing cuts and restrictions to research. PMID:25045411

Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi

2013-01-01

166

Biofuel: An alternative to fossil fuel for alleviating world energy and economic crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

The time has come when it is desirable to look for alternative energy resources to confront the global energy crisis. Consideration of the increasing environmental problems and the possible crisis of fossil fuel availability at record high prices dictate that some changes will need to occur sooner rather than later. The recent oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico is

Keshav Bhattarai; Wayne M. Stalick; Scott Mckay; Gija Geme; Nimisha Bhattarai

2011-01-01

167

The 2015 Debt Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the London G20 Summit, participants reaffirmed their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to increasing official development assistance (ODA). This aid will be important in helping the poorest countries meet the MDGs that were agreed before the crisis, but it will probably be insufficient to tackle the additional problems caused by the current economic downturn. (...)

Paul Ladd

2009-01-01

168

The long-run impact of energy prices on world agricultural markets: The role of macro-economic linkages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The world prices of some food and energy products have followed similar large swings in recent years. We investigate the long-run relationship between these prices using a world Computable General Equilibrium model with detailed representations of food and energy markets. Particular attention is paid to specifying macro-economic linkages which have often been overlooked in recent analysis and debate. We find

A. Gohin; F. Chantret

2010-01-01

169

Economic Sanctions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Institute for International Economics (IIE) (reviewed in the December 4, 1997 Scout Report for Business & Economics), this site is a useful resource for Economics or International Relations courses. Using testimony, speeches, articles, working papers, and an interesting case study (of Myanmar), the site explains and explores the economic and political goals and impact of sanctions. Additional Hot Topics features include the Japan Crisis, the Asian Financial Crisis, and the Euro Conversion.

170

Helping Each Other in Times of Need: Financial Help as a Means of Coping with the Economic Crisis [pdf  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Susann Rohwedder of the RAND Corporation recently asked an important question: "How are U.S. households coping in these difficult times?" The results of her investigations were published in the Fall of 2009 as part of the RAND Labor and Population group's Occasional Paper series. Her work was based on two Internet surveys conducted by the RAND Corporation in late 2008 and in early 2009 which sought to probe the extent to which U.S. households have been affected by the crisis and patterns of giving and receiving financial help during this period. The findings included the observation that many more households are giving financial help than receiving it and that help most frequently flows from parents to children. All in all, the paper will be most useful for policy scholars and others working in related fields.

Rohwedder, Susann

2009-01-01

171

Politics and economics of American arms transfers in the post World War Two era  

SciTech Connect

The major economic and political theories about arms transfers are extracted from the literature. These theories are then tested to see how accurate they are in explaining arms transfers. The method used for this testing is to create analytic measures for each theory and then to compare actual data on arms transfers with the assumptions and predictions of each theory. Results of this study indicate that none of the economic or political theories on American arms transfers provide a sufficient explanation for the developments in arms transfers since World War II. To explain arms transfers in the face of the failure of commonly accepted theories, an alternative view is suggested. This alternative theory argues that arms transfers must be viewed in the light of a broad understanding of the evolution of American foreign policy and political ideology since World War II. In support of this theory the history of the arms trade and the relationship between the arms trade and American foreign policy are examined.

Johnson, S.M.

1987-01-01

172

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a summary of recent crisis management publications. The first research report summarized, "Predictors of PTSD," was a study of predictor variables for responses to the World Trade Center attack. The second paper, "Effective Mental Health Response to Catastrophic Events," looked at effective responses following Hurricane…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Zhe, Elizabeth; Torem, Chris; Comeaux, Natashia; Dempsey, Allison

2010-01-01

173

Socio-economic environment of technology underdevelopment in the Third World: the case of East Africa  

SciTech Connect

The literature review first reveals a wide range of views regarding what is meant by technology, what approaches lead to technological development, and what accounts for the technological lag of the LTCs. Differences also emerge regarding proper technologies and the proper techno-economic roles of countries. This study represents an attempt to identify the conditions that give rise to technology underdevelopment and to examine the implication of such technological underdevelopment to social and economic prospects in a representative corner of the underdeveloped world, the East African region. The research is guided by the question, What are the major causes of technology underdevelopment in the East African Countries. State more specifically, the question becomes, What relationships exist between (1) a society's structure of economic production and its technological development. and (2) the patterns and compositions of international trade, on the one hand, and technology (under)development, on the other. The research utilizes as its analytical points of departure the theories of Comparative Advantage, Factor Endowments, and the political economy theory of Dependency, with the aim of both surfacing the underlying assumptions and critically analyzing the models that have shaped the current state of the LTCs' technologies.

Felleke, G.

1986-01-01

174

[Health services supply and the economic crisis: either we fund goods and services according to their value or we become bankrupt. SESPAS report 2014].  

PubMed

Health policy has reacted to the financial crisis by overemphasising measures targeted at reducing unit costs, increasing barriers to access (waiting lists) or closing premises. It is too soon for scientific assessment of the impact of this reshaping of supply on equity, quality and safety, and on individual and population health. Nevertheless, the emergency measures taken to achieve fiscal stabilization have shifted the focus to resolving budget problems at the expenses of sounder and deeper initiatives aimed at deciding what must be funded and how. This article advocates a policy based on selective funding of services and benefits on the basis of their value. Other countries' experiences can serve as a useful guide, including robust methods to identify technologies (or their uses) of questionable value, prioritization criteria, and careful consideration of limitations associated with the elimination of a certain benefit, especially if it affects the founding values of the system. The necessary tools are available to the Spanish health system: the regulatory framework and technical bodies able to identify lower value care, support for decision-making, and timely evaluation of such decisions. Despite the numerous hurdles, maintaining the status quo is too expensive a choice, given the opportunity costs of effectiveness and safety losses, measured in terms of equity and the economic efficiency of the Spanish health system, which may ultimately translate into worsening of the population's health status. PMID:24666570

Bernal-Delgado, Enrique; Campillo-Artero, Carlos; García-Armesto, Sandra

2014-06-01

175

Implications for air quality and the impact of financial and economic crisis in South Spain: Geochemical evolution of atmospheric aerosol in the ceramic region of Bailén  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A temporal series study of atmospheric aerosol was performed over the last ten years (2003-2012) in an urban background monitoring station with ceramic industrial influence, in Bailén, SE Spain. Temporal trends of major and minor chemical components of PM10 for a long term data series were investigated, showing that PM10 concentrations have been steadily decreasing over almost a decade, with a statistical significance. Measurements indicate a reduction of elements and components related to the industrial activity of brick-ceramic production (V, Cd, Rb, La, Cr, Ni, As, Pb and SO42-). Conversely, Cu levels define an increasing trend from the beginning of the study period but with the highest step trend since 2011-2012, coinciding with the beginning of the financial and economic crisis in 2008. A similar time evolution pattern of Cu and OC, EC, and K levels may be a tracer of domestic local combustion source, and a new biomass burning source has been identified. Chemical composition of olive tree logs suggest as the combustion of wood with high concentration of Cu can imply an increase of Cu concentration in the atmospheric particles compared with other sources such as traffic.

Sánchez de la Campa, A. M.; de la Rosa, J. D.

2014-12-01

176

Integrating developed and developing world knowledge into global discussions and strategies for sustainability. 2. Economics and governance.  

PubMed

Knowledge transfer from the developing to the developed world is described in the domain of economics and governance for sustainable development. Three system areas are explored: the structure of commons governance institutions, the process of community-based participatory action research, and the role of microfinance and microenterprise for the development, adoption, and diffusion of sustainable technologies. Case studies from both the developed and developing world demonstrate the effectiveness of social networks and community cooperative strategies in a wide range of sectors. Developing world experiences are shown to be particularly rich in the application of local knowledge and social capital toward sustainable development. PMID:17547158

Ramaswami, Anu; Zimmerman, Julie B; Mihelcic, James R

2007-05-15

177

Technology Use in Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author focuses on technology use related to campus crisis and shows the impact that newer technologies have on making the world seem much smaller and united. When crises occur, such as at Virginia Tech shootings or Hurricane Katrina, students across the United States and even the world reach out to one another through new…

Mastrodicasa, Jeanna

2008-01-01

178

Protecting human health in a changing world: the role of social and economic development.  

PubMed Central

The biological and physical environment of the planet is changing at an unprecedented rate as a result of human activity, and these changes may have an enormous impact on human health. One of the goals of human development is to protect health in the face of rapid environmental change, but we often fail to do this. The aim in this paper is to distinguish between socioeconomic aspects of development that are likely to be protective and those that are likely to increase vulnerability (the capacity for loss resulting from environmental change). Examples include climate change in the Pacific. We conclude that protecting human health in a changing world requires us to take steps to minimize harmful change wherever possible, and at the same time to be prepared for surprises. The goals of mitigation (reducing or preventing change) and adaptation (response to change) are not mutually exclusive. In fact, steps to make populations more resilient in the face of change are often similar to those that are needed to lighten the load on the environment. We need social policies that convert economic growth into human development. Wider application of sustainable development concepts is part of the solution. In particular, there is a need to promote health as an essential asset of poor and vulnerable populations. It is their key to productivity and to surviving shocks; it is also the key to achieving broader development goals such as universal education. For these reasons it is in the interests of all sectors--economic, social and environmental--to play their particular roles in protecting and improving health. PMID:11019463

Woodward, A.; Hales, S.; Litidamu, N.; Phillips, D.; Martin, J.

2000-01-01

179

Neoliberalism and the World Bank: Economic Discourse and the (Re)Production of Gendered Identity(ies)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the World Bank's discourse of neoliberalism with a view to understanding how this informs and sustains the Bank's policies and practices in particularly gendered ways. "Neoliberalism" is, here, a discursive structure that constitutes a powerful and pervasive contemporary model of economic development, resting on assumptions…

Griffin, Penny

2007-01-01

180

The Rajasthan Canal Project: A Case Study of Economic Development. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is designed to teach secondary school social studies students about the Rajasthan (India) Canal Project and the impact it has had on the state of Rajasthan and its population. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a sound filmstrip, and a teacher's guide. The pamphlet, "Economic Summary: India," places the…

Baldwin, Harriet; Ross-Larson, Bruce, Ed.

181

The management and design of economic development projects: A case study of World Bank electricity projects in Egypt  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with the efficiency of World Bank projects in Egypt. The study seeks improvements in the methods of evaluating public sector projects in Egypt. To approaches are employed: (1) project identification to optimally allocate Egypt's and World Bank's resources; (2) project appraisal to assess the economic viability and efficiency of investments. The electricity sector is compared with the agriculture sector as a means of employing project identification for priority ordering of investment for development in Egypt. The key criteria for evaluation are the impacts of developments of each sector upon Egypt's national objectives and needs. These include employment opportunities, growth, alleviation of poverty, cross comparison of per capita consumption in each sector, economic rate of return, national security, balance of payments and foreign debt. The allocation of scarce investments would have been more efficient in agriculture than in electricity in meeting Egypt's national objectives and needs. World Bank lending programs in Egypt reveal a priority ordering of electricity over agriculture and rural development. World Bank development projects in Egypt have not been optimally identified, and its programs have not followed an efficient allocation of World Bank's and Egypt's resources. The key parameters in evaluating economic viability and efficiency of development projects are: (1) the discount rate (the opportunity cost of public funds); (2) the exchange rate; and (3) the cost of major inputs, as approximated by shadow prices of labor, water, electricity, and transportation for development projects. Alternative approaches to estimating the opportunity cost of public funds are made. The parameters in evaluating the efficiency of projects have not been accurately estimated in the appraisal stage of the World Bank projects in Egypt, resulting in false or misleading information concerning the economic viability and efficiency of the projects.

El Sabaa, S.M.

1992-01-01

182

The Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Crisis is the official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and it was founded by W.E.B. Du Bois in 1910. The title of the magazine is taken from a poem by James Russell Lowell titled "The Present Crisis". In his first editorial written for the magazine, Du Bois remarked that "its editorial page will stand for the rights of men, irrespective of color or race, for the highest ideals of American democracy, and for reasonable but earnest and persistent attempts to gain these rights and realize these ideals." Today, The Crisis continues as a current-affairs journal, and a recent digitization project sponsored by Google has made the complete run of the publication available here. As with many other digitized books and magazines on Google Books, visitors can browse through each issue or perform a more detailed keyword search across the entire collection.

183

Crisis Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents summaries of four articles relevant to school crisis response. The first article, "Peritraumatic Dissociation Predicts Posttraumatic Stress in Youth Following Accidents" summarized by Jim Matthews, suggests that peritraumatic dissociation is a powerful predictor of PTSD symptoms among youth who have been in a car accident. The…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2011-01-01

184

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and…

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2013-01-01

185

Islamic Resurgence and Social Violence During the Indonesian Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether social violence rises or falls with religious intensity is a subject of much debate. This paper exploits dierences in religious intensity across Indonesia before and during the Indonesian …nancial crisis and relative price shocks induced by the crisis to identify the eect of economic distress on the relationship between religious intensity and social violence. Religious intensity before the crisis

Daniel L. Chen

186

New crisis in geometry?  

E-print Network

The first crisis in the geometry arose in the beginning of XIXth century, when the mathematicians rejected the non-Euclidean geometry as a possible geometry of the real world. Now we observe unreasonable rejection of the non-Riemannian geometry by the official representatives of the contemporary geometry. Class of the Riemannian geometries appears to be too narrow for physical applications. The microcosm physics needs expansion of the class of possible geometries appropriate for the role of space-time geometry. In the framework of the non-Riemannian geometry one can construct the space-time geometry, where the motion of free particles is primordially stochastic, and this stochasticity depends on the particle mass. At the same time the geometry in itself is not stochastic in the sense that the space-time intervals are deterministic. Principles of quantum mechanics can be deduced from such a space-time geometry. The crisis situation in geometry appears to be connected with some preconceptions concerning the foundation of the geometry. The preconceptions as well as the crisis generated by them are not purely scientific phenomena. The human factor (social aspect) is rather strong in the crisis phenomena. The preconceptions and the human factor appear to be so strong, that usual logical arguments are not perceived, and the usual formal mathematical language appears to be inappropriate for perception of an analysis of the crisis origin and of a possibility of its overcoming. In the paper the history and motives of the non-Riemannian geometry construction are presented. There is a hope that such a less formal way of presentation helps to understand and to overcome the existing preconceptions.

Yuri A. Rylov

2005-03-14

187

Global Financial Crisis?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines mounting concern for economic well-being around the world. The ten resources discussed provide background information on the global economy, current international market news, and developments in US, IMF, and World Bank reform efforts. In order to curb economic crises in Asia, Russia, and Latin America (reviewed in the September 24, 1998 Scout Report for Business & Economics), President Clinton called for international economic reform at the International Monetary Fund annual meeting, Tuesday, October 6, 1998. According to Clinton, "the global economy simply cannot live with the kinds of vast and systemic disruptions that have occurred in the past year." Disputes among IMF and World Bank officials, however, threaten to undermine relief efforts for struggling economies. Without the monetary support of these and other global lenders, many market watchers expect investor panic to grow world-wide.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

188

The Energy Crisis and Solar Energy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the status of the energy crisis in Australia. Outlines energy alternatives for the 1990's and describes the present status of solar energy research and the economics of solar energy systems. (GS)

Bockris, J. O'M.

1974-01-01

189

Review of Studies of the Economic Impact of the September 11, 2001, Terrorists Attacks on the World Trade Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A General Accounting Office (GAO) publication, this 40-page document identifies and assesses the studies of ten key reports from nine different organizations regarding the economic impact of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center buildings in New York City (NYC). The organizations included in this review are the NYC Office of the Comptroller, NY Governor and State Division of the Budget, NYC Partnership and Chamber of Commerce, Fiscal Policy Institute, NY State Senate Finance Committee, Milken Institute, NY State Assembly Ways and Means Committee, NYC Independent Budget Office, and the Federal Reserve Bank of NY. This document objectively explores the studies and estimations of each organization's report, and determines if they meet standard economic criteria for analyzing economic impacts. Overall, the review finds that the study by the NYC Partnership provided "the most comprehensive estimates."

2002-01-01

190

[Manpower migrations in the Arab world: the reverse of the New Economic Order].  

PubMed

Population and petroleum, 2 essential factors in the development of the Arab world, are unequally distributed in the 18 Arab countries. The abstract possibility of mutually beneficial cooperation between the countries with large populations and no oil and those with oil but small populations is far from being realized; on the contrary, growing inequality and deterioration of human and productive resources can be observed in the Arab world. The apparent economic progress of the oil producing states is illusory, because it has permitted them to defer development of their own internal resources such as agriculture, industry, professional training and education in favor of greater dependence on the temporary palliative of petroleum revenues. In 1980, over 3 million Arabs had emigrated toward other Arab countries, where they were joined by approximately 1.8 million non-Arabs. 4 types of Arab migration have been important: movement from the countryside to cities within countries, movement of Arab migrants to non-Arab countries, movement from 1 Arab state to another because of political factors and especially to earn high wages in the oil producing states, and immigration of non-Arabs and especially Asians to Arab countries. 6 of the principal manpower importing countries, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Libya, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, and Qatar, had total labor forces of about 5.2 million in 1985, of which only 41% were nationals. There have been 4 main consequences for the states importing manpower: 1) petroleum production is very capital intensive and creates few jobs; the jobs filled by migrants are mostly in construction and services funded by oil revenues 2) the expansion is temporary because petroleum is a nonrenewable resource; the manpower transfers will therefore not be permanent 3) the migrants represent a large proportion of the labor force and populations of the Gulf oil-producing states, and 4) the migrants are systematically excluded from the political and social life of the countries in which they work, have no juridical protection or political rights, and are the objects of growing hostility in the countries where they work. The most important consequence may be the least visible: because of the petroleum income and the migratory flows the local populations are less and less motivated to work. The immigrants are almost all single or unaccompanied men who send most of their earnings to their home countries. Thus far there has been little apparent political activity or labor unrest among them in the host countries, but it is unclear how long the apparent calm can be sustained. The most obvious consequence of the migration for the sending countries is the massive flow of remittances. In 1980, such transfers between Arab countries were estimated to total around $3 billion, not counting income in kind. The remittances do not appear to be invested in productive enterprises with any frequency but rather to be used for purchases of mostly imported consumer goods and in speculation. Few migrants learn useful job skills, and some countries have lost large proportions of their skilled workers to migration. Migrant earnings have depressed local production by encouraging imports, especially of foodstuffs, and have fostered inflation by stimulating demand for land and wage increases. PMID:12280381

Halliday, F

1985-01-01

191

The economics and environmental impacts of large-scale wind power in a carbon constrained world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Serious climate change mitigation aimed at stabilizing atmospheric concentrations of CO2 will require a radical shift to a decarbonized energy supply. The electric power sector will be a primary target for deep reductions in CO2 emissions because electric power plants are among the largest and most manageable point sources of emissions. With respect to new capacity, wind power is currently one of the most inexpensive ways to produce electricity without CO2 emissions and it may have a significant role to play in a carbon constrained world. Yet most research in the wind industry remains focused on near term issues, while energy system models that focus on century-long time horizons undervalue wind by imposing exogenous limits on growth. This thesis fills a critical gap in the literature by taking a closer look at the cost and environmental impacts of large-scale wind. Estimates of the average cost of wind generation---now roughly 4¢/kWh---do not address the cons arising from the spatial distribution and intermittency of wind. This thesis develops a theoretical framework for assessing the intermittency cost of wind. In addition, an economic characterization of a wind system is provided in which long-distance electricity transmission, storage, and gas turbines are used to supplement variable wind power output to meet a time-varying load. With somewhat optimistic assumptions about the cost of wind turbines, the use of wind to serve 50% of demand adds ˜1--2¢/kWh to the cost of electricity, a cost comparable to that of other large-scale low carbon technologies. This thesis also explores the environmental impacts posed by large-scale wind. Though avian mortality and noise caused controversy in the early years of wind development, improved technology and exhaustive siting assessments have minimized their impact. The aesthetic valuation of wind farms can be improved significantly with better design, siting, construction, and maintenance procedures, but opposition may increase as wind is developed on a large scale. Finally, this thesis summarizes collaborative work utilizing general circulation models to determine whether wind turbines have an impact of climate. The results suggest that the climatic impact is non-negligible at continental scales, but further research is warranted.

Decarolis, Joseph Frank

192

Behavioural Development Economics: Lessons from Field Labs in the Developing World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explanations of poverty, growth and development depend on the assumptions made about individual preferences and the willingness to engage in strategic behaviour. Economic experiments, especially those conducted in the field, have begun to paint a picture of economic agents in developing communities that is at variance with the traditional portrait. We review this growing literature with an eye towards preference-related

Juan Camilo Cardenas; Jeffrey Carpenter

2008-01-01

193

Two Traditions in Economics: Implications for Teaching U.S. and World History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the neoclassical and the Marxist traditions in economics and the current treatment of capitalist development in history textbooks. Beginning with an overview of the classical economists, Adam Smith, Thomas Malthus, and David Ricardo, the two traditions in economics are then discussed in terms of: (1) scope and focus of…

Helburn, Suzanne

194

Stock network stability in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite many efforts crises on financial markets are in large part still scientific black-boxes. In this paper, we use a winner-take-all approach to construct a longitudinal network of S&P 500 companies and their correlations between 2000 and 2012. A comparison to complex ecosystems is drawn, especially whether the May-Wigner theorem can describe real-world economic phenomena. The results confirm the utility of the May-Wigner theorem as a stability indicator for the US stock market, since its development matches with the two major crises of this period, the dot-com bubble and, particularly, the financial crisis. In those times of financial turmoil, the stock network changes its composition, but unlike ecological systems it tightens and the disassortative structure of prosperous markets transforms into a more centralized topology.

Heiberger, Raphael H.

2014-01-01

195

Economic Transformation, Population Growth, and the Long-Run World Income Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers the long-run evolution of the world economy in a model where countries' opportunities to develop depend on their trade with advanced economies. As developing countries become advanced, they further improve trade opportunities for the remaining developing countries. Whether or not the world economy converges to widespread prosperity depends on the population growth differential between developing and advanced

Marcos Chamon; Michael Kremer

2006-01-01

196

Economic Transformation, Population Growth and the Long-Run World Income Distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We construct and calibrate a model of the world economy in which countries’ opportunities to develop depend on their trade with advanced economies. Trade opportunities in turn depend on the relative population of the advanced and developing world. As developing countries become advanced, they further improve the trade prospects for the remaining developing countries. As long as the population growth

Marcos Chamon; Michael Kremer

2006-01-01

197

Energy Crisis: The Leisurely Solution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of their automotive lifestyles, Americans account for the greatest portion of fossil fuel consumption in the world. The desirable leisure lifestyle traits of the past should be incorporated into contemporary American culture. Americans need to wean themselves away from the automobile if the energy crisis is to be solved. (JN)

Mobily, Ken

1980-01-01

198

The economic impact of global climate and tropospheric oxone on world agricultural production  

E-print Network

The objective of my thesis is to analyze the economic impact on agriculture production from changes in climate and tropospheric ozone, and related policy interventions. The analysis makes use of the Emissions Prediction ...

Wang, Xiaodu

2005-01-01

199

The Crisis of Capitalism and the Marketisation of Health Care: the Implications for Public Health Professionals  

PubMed Central

The current economic crisis in Europe has challenged the basis of the economic model that currently prevails in much of the industrialised world. It has revealed a system that is managed not for the benefit of the people but rather for the corporations and the small elite who lead them, and which is clearly unsustainable in its present form. Yet, there is a hidden consequence of this system: an unfolding crisis in health care, driven by the greed of corporations whose profit-seeking model is also failing. Proponents of commodifying healthcare simultaneously argue that the cost of providing care for ageing populations is unaffordable while working to create demand for their health care products among those who are essentially healthy. Will healthcare be the next profit-fuelled investor bubble? In this paper, we call on health professionals to heed the warnings from the economic crisis and, rather than stand by while a crisis unfolds, act now to redirect increasingly market-oriented health systems to serve the common good. PMID:25170470

McKee, Martin; Stuckler, David

2012-01-01

200

Species-richness patterns of the living collections of the world's botanic gardens: a matter of socio-economics?  

PubMed Central

Background and Aims The botanic gardens of the world are now unmatched ex situ collections of plant biodiversity. They mirror two biogeographical patterns (positive diversity–area and diversity–age relationships) but differ from nature with a positive latitudinal gradient in their richness. Whether these relationships can be explained by socio-economic factors is unknown. Methods Species and taxa richness of a comprehensive sample of botanic gardens were analysed as a function of key ecological and socio-economic factors using (a) multivariate models controlling for spatial autocorrelation and (b) structural equation modelling. Key Results The number of plant species in botanic gardens increases with town human population size and country Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per person. The country flora richness is not related to the species richness of botanic gardens. Botanic gardens in more populous towns tend to have a larger area and can thus host richer living collections. Botanic gardens in richer countries have more species, and this explains the positive latitudinal gradient in botanic gardens' species richness. Conclusions Socio-economic factors contribute to shaping patterns in the species richness of the living collections of the world's botanic gardens. PMID:20237117

Golding, Janice; Güsewell, Sabine; Kreft, Holger; Kuzevanov, Victor Y.; Lehvävirta, Susanna; Parmentier, Ingrid; Pautasso, Marco

2010-01-01

201

The evaluation of research papers in the XXI century. The Open Peer Discussion system of the World Economics Association  

PubMed Central

The paper starts with a brief discussion of the traditional peer review (TPR) system of research evaluation, its role, and the criticisms levelled at it. An analysis of specific problems in economics leads to a full discussion of the Open Peer Review (OPR) system developed by the World Economics Association (WEA) and the principles behind it. The system is open in the following two respects: (a) disclosure of names of authors and reviewers; and (b) inclusivity of potential reviewers in terms of paradigmatic approaches, country, and community. The paper then discusses the applicability of the same system to other disciplines. In doing so, it stressed the aims of various evaluation systems and the possible pitfalls of rating systems. It also speculates on the future of journal publication. PMID:22891057

Ietto-Gillies, Grazia

2012-01-01

202

Public Policy 290-14 -Agricultural and Resource Economics 298 Homework Assignment #4  

E-print Network

-crisis, crisis, and recovery. 2. The pre-crisis period and the causes of the crisis. Document the evolution, interest rate. What was the exchange rate system? Document the evolution of macro-economic indicators. The crisis. Relate the facts: How did the crisis break out: External non-related shock, international related

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

203

Resources and development: Natural resource policies and economic development in an interdependent world  

SciTech Connect

This book provides an integration of the studies and discussions of the seminar that OAPEC cosponsored at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1977-78. The authors offer a multidisciplinary perspective of the economic, legal, social, political, and technological issues inherent in this complex and controversial subject.

Dorner, P.; El-Shafie, M.A.

1984-01-01

204

Great Changes in the World and in Economics Corruption, Development and Institutional Design  

E-print Network

for Economic Growth in the Middle East and North Africa Region?), Susan Rose-Ackerman (Trust and Distrust of the millenium. A fundamental change has been the end of the cold war and the post-socialist transition freely around the globe. With 9-11 and the Iraq war, but also Chechnya, Kosovo, Afghanistan

Sadoulet, Elisabeth

205

Factor Endowments, Inequality, and Paths of Development Among New World Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas traditional explanations of differences in long-run paths of development across the Americas generally point to the significance of differences in national heritage or religion, we highlight the relevance of stark contrasts in the degree of inequality in wealth, human capital, and political power in accounting for how fundamental economic institutions evolved over time. We argue, moreover, that the roots

Stanley L. Engerman; Kenneth Lee Sokoloff

2002-01-01

206

Economic transformation, population growth and the long-run world income distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present and calibrate a model where trade with advanced economies spurs development, and trade opportunities depend on the relative population in advanced and developing countries. As developing countries become advanced, prospects improve for the remaining developing countries. If population growth differentials between developing and advanced economies are small, economic development accelerates over time. Otherwise, long-run global prosperity requires a

Marcos Chamon; Michael Kremer

2009-01-01

207

Debtor States and the World Market: Explaining Mexican and Brazilian Foreign Economic Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ways in which world market instabilities affect indebted developing countries and explanations of their differential policy responses are the central issues addressed in this paper. The development of Brazil and Mexico is examined as examples of middle-income developing nations whose economies have assumed dependent development. Dependent…

Gayle, Dennis John

208

Romania’s economic contribution to making a Long World War II shorter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Romania’s participation in World War II was brought about by political reasons and strategic needs that resulted from the international political situation at the middle of the twentieth century. One can hardly say that Romania did not do its best to avoid becoming involved in the war. From September 1939 to June 1941, the foreign policy laid focus on non-belligerency

Stefan Gheorghe

2006-01-01

209

Assessing the Impacts of Intergovernmental Economic Organizations: The Case of the World Bank and Nonformal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A preliminary investigation into the World Bank's support of non-formal education in less-developed countries discusses the role of education in the development process, the Bank's concern with education, and its funding of non-formal education projects. The Bank's involvement in education projects is described, from support for upper division…

Schechter, Michael G.

210

The Impact of Economic Crises on American Universities: Lessons from the Past  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities around the world have been affected by the recent global economic crisis. Many are challenged by reduced resources, yet they also face greater demands to help spur recovery in their respective countries. This paper explores how colleges and universities in the United States were affected by, and subsequently responded to, several 20th…

El-Khawas, Elaine

2011-01-01

211

Macroeconomics after the Crisis: Time to Deal with the Pretense-of-Knowledge Syndrome  

E-print Network

The recent financial crisis has damaged the reputation of macroeconomics, largely for its inability to predict the impending financial and economic crisis. To be honest, this inability to predict does not concern me much. ...

Caballero, Ricardo J.

2010-01-01

212

The Economics Department of Economics  

E-print Network

The Economics Initiative Department of Economics #12;Economics at LSE The Department of Economics is the top ranked economics department in Europe and among the top 12 worldwide. It is one of the largest economics departments in the world, with over 60 faculty and 1,000 students and a department which makes

213

Principal-principal conflicts during crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores principal-principal conflicts in corporate governance during times of economic crisis. We address the\\u000a question: What external and internal governance mechanisms can best protect minority shareholders? Drawing on 877 publicly\\u000a listed large corporations with concentrated ownership in seven Asian countries and regions, we compare different control structures\\u000a between family firms and non-family firms during crisis. We find that

Yi Jiang; Mike W. Peng

2011-01-01

214

Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of the economic aspects of water pollution control covering publications of 1976-77. This review also includes the policy issues of water management. A list of 77 references is presented. (HM)

James, L. D.

1978-01-01

215

Electronic Gaming and the Obesity Crisis  

PubMed Central

Children and adolescents in the United States and in many countries are projected to have shorter life spans than their parents, partly because of the obesity crisis engulfing the developed world. Exposure to electronic media is often implicated in this crisis because media use, including electronic game play, may promote sedentary behavior and increase consumption of high-calorie foods and beverages that are low in nutritional value. Electronic games, however, may increase children’s physical activity and expose them to healthier foods. We examine the role of electronic games in the pediatric obesity crisis and their contribution to more favorable health outcomes. PMID:23483693

Calvert, Sandra L.; Staiano, Amanda E.; Bond, Bradley J.

2014-01-01

216

Inefficiencies in water project design and operation in the third world: An economic perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water projects in less developed countries (LDCs) frequently are poorly operated and maintained. As a result, project benefits and development impacts fall short of plans. The problems begin in the project identification, design, and construction stages: donor and host country biases lead to inappropriate projects, unsustainable technologies, and shoddy construction. Later operation and maintenance are then difficult or impossible. Causal factors include donor desire to build monuments and sell technology, provision of excessive capital to favored sectors or institutions, and an unwillingness to require a reasonable quid pro quo from the host country. Host country factors include excessive administrative centralization, lack of rewards for good operation and maintenance, and widespread corruption in forms that seriously distort allocative efficiency. Until individual actors on both sides can be motivated to pursue the long-run good of the LDC, Third World water projects will continue to have low or negative net payoffs.

Howe, Charles W.; Dixon, John A.

1993-07-01

217

Effectiveness of psychiatric mental health nurses: can we save the core of the profession in an economically constrained world?  

PubMed

Mental and behavioral disorders are common, affecting more than 25% of all people at some time during their lives. Mental disorders and their burden on society have increased dramatically. This scenario can be an opportunity for psychiatric/mental health (P/MH) nurses. Some literature shows gratifying experiences of care delivered by P/MH nurses, but that can also be a threat if, in a world with an economic dominance such as ours, we are not able to clarify our identity and effectiveness. One implication of this is that we need to identify the contribution of nursing to patient outcomes through nurses' independent, dependent, and interdependent roles. The authors stressed the importance of improving our accountability and fighting against invisibility to policy makers to prioritize the nurse-client relationship and identify our effectiveness. Based on some literature, the authors argue that clinical nurse specialists are in a better position than nurse practitioners to produce nursing-sensitive outcomes. PMID:21978801

Santos, José Carlos; Amaral, António Fernando Salgueiro

2011-10-01

218

Data set of world phosphate mines, deposits, and occurrences: Part A. geologic data; Part B. location and mineral economic data  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An inventory of more than 1,600 world phosphate mines, deposits, and occurrences was compiled from smaller data sets collected as part of multiple research efforts by Carlotta Chernoff, University of Arizona, and Greta Orris, U.S. Geological Survey. These data have been utilized during studies of black shale depositional environments and to construct phosphate deposit models. The compiled data have been edited for consistency and additional location information has been added where possible. The database of compiled phosphate information is being released in two sections; the geologic data in one section and the location and mineral economic data in the second. This report, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02–156–A, contains the geologic data and is best used with the complimentary data contained in Open-File Report 02–156–B. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02–156–B contains commodity data, location and analytical data, a variety of mineral economic data, reference information, and pointers to related records in the U.S. Geological Survey National mineral databases—MASMILS and MRDS.

Chernoff, Carlotta B.; Orris, G.J.

2002-01-01

219

Iron and Zinc Nutrition in the Economically-Developed World: A Review  

PubMed Central

This review compares iron and zinc food sources, dietary intakes, dietary recommendations, nutritional status, bioavailability and interactions, with a focus on adults in economically-developed countries. The main sources of iron and zinc are cereals and meat, with fortificant iron and zinc potentially making an important contribution. Current fortification practices are concerning as there is little regulation or monitoring of intakes. In the countries included in this review, the proportion of individuals with iron intakes below recommendations was similar to the proportion of individuals with suboptimal iron status. Due to a lack of population zinc status information, similar comparisons cannot be made for zinc intakes and status. Significant data indicate that inhibitors of iron absorption include phytate, polyphenols, soy protein and calcium, and enhancers include animal tissue and ascorbic acid. It appears that of these, only phytate and soy protein also inhibit zinc absorption. Most data are derived from single-meal studies, which tend to amplify impacts on iron absorption in contrast to studies that utilize a realistic food matrix. These interactions need to be substantiated by studies that account for whole diets, however in the interim, it may be prudent for those at risk of iron deficiency to maximize absorption by reducing consumption of inhibitors and including enhancers at mealtimes. PMID:23945676

Lim, Karen H. C.; Riddell, Lynn J.; Nowson, Caryl A.; Booth, Alison O.; Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A.

2013-01-01

220

The global economic long-term potential of modern biomass in a climate-constrained world  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Low-stabilization scenarios consistent with the 2 °C target project large-scale deployment of purpose-grown lignocellulosic biomass. In case a GHG price regime integrates emissions from energy conversion and from land-use/land-use change, the strong demand for bioenergy and the pricing of terrestrial emissions are likely to coincide. We explore the global potential of purpose-grown lignocellulosic biomass and ask the question how the supply prices of biomass depend on prices for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the land-use sector. Using the spatially explicit global land-use optimization model MAgPIE, we construct bioenergy supply curves for ten world regions and a global aggregate in two scenarios, with and without a GHG tax. We find that the implementation of GHG taxes is crucial for the slope of the supply function and the GHG emissions from the land-use sector. Global supply prices start at 5 GJ-1 and increase almost linearly, doubling at 150 EJ (in 2055 and 2095). The GHG tax increases bioenergy prices by 5 GJ-1 in 2055 and by 10 GJ-1 in 2095, since it effectively stops deforestation and thus excludes large amounts of high-productivity land. Prices additionally increase due to costs for N2O emissions from fertilizer use. The GHG tax decreases global land-use change emissions by one-third. However, the carbon emissions due to bioenergy production increase by more than 50% from conversion of land that is not under emission control. Average yields required to produce 240 EJ in 2095 are roughly 600 GJ ha-1 yr-1 with and without tax.

Klein, David; Humpenöder, Florian; Bauer, Nico; Dietrich, Jan Philipp; Popp, Alexander; Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon; Bonsch, Markus; Lotze-Campen, Hermann

2014-07-01

221

Regional aspects of the energy crisis: East European case study  

SciTech Connect

The energy crisis occurring in Eastern Europe owes much to the Stalinist model of energy-intensive industrialization applied to a basically energy short region still partially isolated from the world energy market. Systemic factors are thus much more important than in the West. Due to this, solutions to the energy crisis in the East of Europe, be it through supply augmentation or conservation, belong as much in the sphere of politics and ideology as they do in the sphere of economics. The dissertation examines in a systematic manner the evolution and prospects of the energy economy in the region (Chapter 1), the present sectoral pattern of energy consumption (Chapter 2), and conversion (thermo-electric conversion in Chapter 3 and oil refining in Chapter 4). Four subsequent chapters are devoted to individual energy-consuming sectors such as industry, transportation, agriculture, and households. Finally, the potential and problems of energy conservation in Eastern Europe are analyzed in the context of broader economic policies and concerns of the states of the region. In the conclusion, topics in the energy economy of Eastern Europe requiring further study are outlined.

Merkin, V.O.

1985-01-01

222

Crisis Management: Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents summaries of three studies relevant to school crisis response. The first report, "A Framework for International Crisis Intervention" (Sally Dorman), is a review of how existing crisis intervention models (including the NASP PREPaRE model) have been adapted for international use. The second article, "Responding…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.; Dorman, Sally; Anderson, Luke; McNair, Daniel

2013-01-01

223

When a Crisis Strikes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges Catholic educators to develop a crisis communication plan to ensure that all communication with the press and public is handled promptly and thoroughly by a designated spokesperson. Describes workshops which simulate real-life challenges as a means of testing crisis management plans. Offers guidelines for the development of a crisis

Keebler, Barbara A.

1989-01-01

224

Squeezed from All Sides: The CSU Crisis and California's Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California long enjoyed rapid growth, abundant jobs, and expanding college opportunity--key elements of the California dream. Now the state is struggling to recover from its worst economic crisis in generations, a demographic slowdown, a devastating collapse of the wealth of the state' families from the housing crisis, and severe cutbacks in…

Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2011

2011-01-01

225

Crisis and challenges in California restructured electricity market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given as follows. After experiencing two relatively smooth years since the pioneer debut of operating an open access electric market in the United States in March 1998, California State was suddenly confronted with a serious crisis during the summer of 2000 and the spring of 2001. Because such a crisis bears enormous economical impact to the State

Yenren Liu

2002-01-01

226

CSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis  

E-print Network

CSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis Frank A. Wolak Revised May 2003.ucei.org #12;Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis by Frank A. Wolak Department of Economics Stanford be learned about electricity market design and regulating energy markets from the California

California at Berkeley. University of

227

Drought affects virtually all regions of the world and results in significant economic, social, and environmental impacts. The Federal Emergency Management Agency estimates  

E-print Network

Drought affects virtually all regions of the world and results in significant economic, social, and environmental impacts. The Federal Emergency Management Agency estimates annual drought-related losses in the U) and farmers to be more proactive in managing drought risk. TT hrough the NSF's Digital Government Pro- gram

Goddard, Steve

228

Shared Mental Models, Catch-up Development and Economic PolicyMaking: The Case of Germany after World War II and Its Significance for Contemporary Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the connection between politically induced catch-up development, cultural and intellectual traditions and economic order in Germany and Russia. It is argued that in the history of both countries we encounter significant structural parallels, including the totalitarian experience. After World War II the German political elite managed to implement capitalism in a country, the population of which

Joachim Zweynert

2004-01-01

229

Shared Mental Models, Catch-up Development and Economic PolicyMaking: The Case of Germany after World War II and its Significance for Contemporary Russia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper deals with the connection between politically induced catch-up development, cultural and intellectual traditions and economic order in Germany and Russia. It is argued that in the history of both countries we encounter significant structural parallels, including the totalitarian experience. After World War II the German political élite managed to implement capitalism in a country, the population of which

Joachim Zweynert

2006-01-01

230

Refugee Crisis in the Balkans  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News returns to Kosovo, where humanitarian workers and government officials warn that the refugee crisis is rapidly spinning out of control. What appears to be an organized and systematic expulsion of the ethnic Albanian population from Kosovo has created the worst humanitarian disaster in Europe since World War II. According to UN refugee officials, over 220,000 persons have fled or been expelled from Kosovo over the last ten days, to Albania, Macedonia, or Montenegro. With entry into Macedonia ground to an almost complete halt, Albania swollen with over 120,000 refugees, and thousands still behind them, the Kosovo-Macedonia border in particular has become a humanitarian nightmare; little food, shelter, or sanitation is available for people who have been forced from their homes with almost nothing. The sites listed provide information about this refugee crisis.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

1999-01-01

231

Crisis Planning: Survey Results from Hurricane Katrina and Implications for Performance Improvement Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern organizations constantly face unparalleled changes and uncertainty in the competitive world, thus requiring strategic planning to mitigate crisis conditions. Underscoring crisis plans are performance interventions that prepare employees, technological systems, and the organizational culture to effectively respond to a crisis event. However,…

Hutchins, Holly M.; Annulis, Heather; Gaudet, Cyndi

2008-01-01

232

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

233

Inleiding Crisis Wederopbouw Tweede crisis? The limits of reason  

E-print Network

Inleiding Crisis Wederopbouw Tweede crisis? The limits of reason If arithmetic is consistent then it is incomplete Studium Generale Utrecht, 6 april 2005 The limits of reason #12;Inleiding Crisis Wederopbouw to confront experience. The limits of reason #12;Inleiding Crisis Wederopbouw Tweede crisis? Wiskunde One

Beukers, Frits

234

Crisis Communication and Management: Surviving a Public Relations Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis management, or crisis communication, is never a good thing for a business to experience. It is, however, a public relations' professional moment to shine and put their honed skills to good use. A good crisis management plan is not only action during the crisis but preparation and reflection. Hiring a PR firm that deals with crisis

Eramo, Eric M.

2009-01-01

235

Corporate governance in the Asian financial crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “Asian Crisis” of 1997–98 affected all the “emerging markets” open to capital flows. Measures of corporate governance, particularly the effectiveness of protection for minority shareholders, explain the extent of exchange rate depreciation and stock market decline better than do standard macroeconomic measures. A possible explanation is that in countries with weak corporate governance, worse economic prospects result in more

Simon Johnson; Peter Boone; Alasdair Breach; Eric Friedman

2000-01-01

236

Whatever Happened to the Energy Crisis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term energy crisis was apparently first used in the later 1960s, by whom I am not sure. Presumably it means a situation where the available energy supplies are so low as to prevent or even reverse economic growth. The underlying idea is that energy is mostly derived from fossil fuels which will be exhausted within relatively few years. Although

Hendrik S. Houthakker

1983-01-01

237

Crisis in Iraq  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of this week's in the news is the renewed Iraqi crisis. The eleven resources discussed offer information, analysis, and commentary from a variety of political and cultural viewpoints. Despite a noted lack of enthusiasm from neighboring Middle East nations and in the UN, the US and Britain appeared ready to take military action against Iraq to punish Saddam Hussein for once again interfering with the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) inspections. While both governments received strong support from their legislatures, opinion within the US and UK, and certainly within the wider world community, appears to be much more divided on the necessity or effectiveness of air strikes in forcing Iraq to comply to the UN mandate. An agreement reached between Secretary-General Kofi Annan and Saddam Hussein on February 22 appears to be defusing the situation by restoring, free and unfettered inspections by the UN Special Commission, known by its acronym, Unscom. While the US government is clearly relieved by a diplomatic solution, it seems just as clearly prepared to take military action should Iraq fail to honor the agreement.

De Nie, Michael W.

1998-01-01

238

Model Comparison and Robustness: A Proposal for Policy Analysis after the Financial Crisis*  

E-print Network

Model Comparison and Robustness: A Proposal for Policy Analysis after the Financial Crisis* Volker;1 Introduction In the aftermath of the financial crisis the state of macroeconomic modeling and the use or so, may have set back by decades serious investigations of aggregate economic behavior and economic

Tesfatsion, Leigh

239

The crisis of Portugese agriculture in relation to the EEC challenge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper investigates the crisis of Portugese agriculture and the challenges connected with Portugal's integration into the European Economic Community (EEC). An historical overview of the economic and social development of the agricultural sector since the 1950s is provided. Additionally, a discussion of the principal differences between the Portugese agricultural crisis and that of other advanced European countries and the

Manuel Belo Moreira

1989-01-01

240

The Beauty of State Construction: Juan Valdez, Miss Colombia and Crisis Resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Colombian state was in acute crisis in the 1990s. Widely considered a failed state, Colombia suffered from uncontrollable violence and an acute economic crisis that left over half of the population impoverished. Yet shortly after the turn of the century, it was being touted as one of the great successes in crime reduction, economic growth, and democratic stability. In

Stacey Hunt

241

Crisis Management Research Summaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this column, Crisis Management in the Schools Interest Group members summarize recent crisis management publications. The first article summarized was a meta-analysis of the risk factors associated with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among adults. The second study looked at the presence of life stressors among students who were expelled…

Brock, Stephen E., Ed.

2009-01-01

242

La crisis del neoliberalismo  

Microsoft Academic Search

En este artículo se analiza la actual crisis en relación al modelo de gestión neoliberal de las economías capitalistas durante los treinta últimos años. En primer lugar se caracterizan los rasgos básicos de la regulación neoliberal. En segundo lugar se analiza la crisis actual en relación a estos rasgos, en concreto se considera el papel del sector financiero, el funcionamiento

Albert Recio Andreu

2009-01-01

243

Therapeutic Crisis Intervention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Therapeutic Crisis Intervention (TCI) program as providing staff with skills, knowledge, and confidence to manage child in crisis to bring about a "maximum amount of lasting response." Contends that, by applying principles of TCI training, direct care worker can attain therapeutic control and maintain dignity of both adult and child…

Holden, Martha J.; Powers, Jane Levine

1993-01-01

244

Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions Monitoring in Davos, Switzerland, Before, During and After the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions require validation. Atmospheric measurements capture all emissions, and provide a unique and powerful means of continuous validation and feedback. To demonstrate the utility of real time greenhouse gas measurements, in-situ GHG mixing ratio instruments were deployed in Davos, Switzerland to measure emissions from the city before, during and after the World Economic Forum (WEF). Three Instruments were deployed at two separate locations over 3 months (late December 2011 to February 2012). One site was located in the middle of the Davos urban area and a second site was located out of the valley in the surrounding mountains. Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Carbon Monoxide (CO) and water vapor (H2O) were measured continuously by Picarro G2401 instruments at both sites. Additionally, a Picarro flux analyzer was deployed in the city to evaluate the inverse fluxes. The mesoscale atmospheric model, WRF nudged to meteorological observations (WRF-FDDA), was used to simulate the transport of GHG over the valley of Davos at 1.3km resolution. A Mini Micro Pulse LiDAR (MiniMPL) from Sigma Space was deployed to evaluate the simulated planetary boundary layer depth from the WRF-FDDA model. The initial flux estimates for CO2 were constructed based on inventories reported for 2005. CO2 mixing ratio measurements prior to WEF suggest the difference between modeled (real-time) and inventory (annual) emissions to be on the order of +40%. The enhancement is likely due to the increased use of heating fuel in the winter. We present here the temporal variability in the inverse fluxes, which are correlated with a cold wave severely affecting Western Europe during the past winter, as well as changes in anthropogenic activities during the week of the WEF meeting. Also presented are new analyses of composite diurnal cycles of hourly CO/CO2 ratios, which provide additional information on the contributions of traffic relative to heating fuel. The absence of traffic peaks during the WEF meeting, indicate a change in road emissions potentially responsible for the observed decrease in the city emissions during the meeting. Acknowledgments: Calibration tanks were provided by C. Sweeney, NOAA ESRL.

Jacobson, Gloria; Davis, Ken; Richardson, Scott; Miles, Natasha; Lauvaux, Thomas; Deng, Aijun; Calonder, Gian-Paul; Ruesch, Marc; Lehning, Michael; Bals, Andre; DeCola, Phil; Rella, Chris

2013-04-01

245

Asia-Pacific Trade Economists' Conference Trade-Led Growth in Times of Crisis  

E-print Network

Asia-Pacific Trade Economists' Conference Trade-Led Growth in Times of Crisis The World Trade session 2: The Crisis: A Catalyst for More Coherent Trade Policies and Inclusive Growth? Author: Patrick A or carrying the endorsement of the United Nations. #12;1 Policy Brief October 26, 2009 The World Trade Regime

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

246

Species-richness patterns of the living collections of the world's botanic gardens: a matter of socio-economics?  

E-print Network

Species-richness patterns of the living collections of the world's botanic gardens: a matter Garden of Irkutsk State University, PO Box 48, Irkutsk, 664039, Russia, 5 Botanic Garden, Finnish Museum and Aims The botanic gardens of the world are now unmatched ex situ collections of plant biodi- versity

Kreft, Holger

247

Materials production economics : an examination of the variables and relationships that drive materials production and recycling in the world economy  

E-print Network

Introduction: New materials are being developing each year that could revolutionize the world. However, while development of novel materials in the lab brings us one step closer to next latest-and-greatest innovation, the ...

King, Yao-Chung

2006-01-01

248

Interrogating the Crisis in Higher Education Marketing: The CORD Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Higher education (HE) marketing the world over is in a state of crisis that manifests itself on three fronts. First, there continues to be sizeable resistance towards the marketing idea in the academy of many universities across the world. Second, HE itself has failed to identify its core business without which the sector can not have a…

Maringe, Felix

2005-01-01

249

UPF Study Abroad Program 2014 Programa del Curso-CRISIS? POR QU CRISIS? VIVIENDA Y MERCADO LABORAL  

E-print Network

UPF Study Abroad Program 2014 Programa del Curso- ¿CRISIS? ¿POR QU� CRISIS? VIVIENDA Y MERCADO forma intuitiva de algunas características propias de la economía española, especialmente, el mercado de la vivienda y el mercado de trabajo. A través de este conocimiento se conocerán las consecuencias que

250

Russian Financial Crisis of 1998: An Econometric Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims at deriving lessons from the Russian financial crisis through examining the root causes of the crisis based on a probit model incorporating 20 monthly macroeconomic and financial sector indicators spanning the period 1988:1 – 1998:8. The results turned out to be as expected. Strong evidence emerged suggesting that the significant variables are foreign direct investment\\/GDP, inflation, world

Mete Feridun

2004-01-01

251

The production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities in the world. The  

E-print Network

produced and to respond to issues such as irradiation of foods, genetically modified foods, food in cell physiology and biochemistry, genetics and organic chemistry. A Principles of Nutrition (FOOD 2001The production and distribution of food is one of the most important economic activities

Carleton University

252

Conveying the Meaning of the Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late summer of 2008, after the 2007-2008 fiscal year's books had closed, the nation's wealthiest universities were confronted with an unfamiliar sight: single-digit endowment returns. Not since 2003 had Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts), Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey), or Stanford University (Stanford, California)…

Anderson, Luke A.

2010-01-01

253

Surviving the Cycle of Economic Crisis  

E-print Network

at this time. Customers are looking for bargains, which puts even greater pressure on the profit margins of wholesalers and retailers. For coop- eratives and other agribusinesses, failure may seem imminent and growth impossible. *Roy B. Davis Professor...

Park, John; Davis, Roy B.

2009-03-26

254

Germany and America: Crisis of confidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper examines the deterioration in German-American relations. The reasons for this downturn in German-American relations are quite simple. Washington views the Persian Gulf crisis as a defining moment in European-American relations and in the creation of a new world order. It is also the first diplomatic test of a unified Germany and a new German-American relationship. It is a

Asmus

1991-01-01

255

Impetus for Economic Growth and Development. The Federal Republic of Germany Promoting Trade and Industry in the Third World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural development, the strengthening of market-oriented approaches to the economy, and the promotion of private industry in the countries of the Third World are among the stated priorities of West German development policy. A market-oriented approach to the economy contributes to a rise in the standard of living in the developing countries. In…

Schroder, Karsten

1989-01-01

256

Tackling Poverty in Rural Mexico: A Case Study of Economic Development. Toward a Better World Series, Learning Kit No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This World Bank (Washington, D.C.) kit is a case study designed to teach secondary school social studies students about an integrated rural development project in Mexico, and how it is helping to raise the standard of living for six million Mexicans in 131 microregions throughout Mexico. The kit contains a pamphlet, a booklet, a sound filmstrip,…

Baldwin, Harriet; Ross-Larson, Bruce, Ed.

257

[La sanità pubblica nelle grandi crisi economico-sociali].  

PubMed

The term "crisis" in different cultures (such as ancient Greece or China) can have a positive meaning, since it indicates a time of growth, change and opportunity. Over the centuries there have been times of severe economic and social crisis that led to the implementation of major reforms and improved population health. Nowadays, despite the new economic crisis which has also affected health care for its rising costs, health economics does not hesitate to affirm the importance of key objectives such as prevention and medical assistance. Prevention is not prediction. Prevention means "going upstream" and fixing a problem at the source; the goal is to reduce diseases' effects, causes and risk factors, thereby reducing the prevalence of costly medical conditions. PMID:25508827

Cosmacini, G

2014-01-01

258

Does public sector efficiency matter? Revisiting the relation between fiscal size and economic growth in a world sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper revisits the relationship between fiscal size and economic growth. Our work differs from the empirical growth literature because this relationship depends explicitly on the efficiency of the public sector. We use a sample of 64 countries, both developed and developing, in four 5-year time-periods over 1980-2000. Building on the work of Afonso, Schuknecht and Tanzi (2005), we construct

Konstantinos Angelopoulos; Apostolis Philippopoulos; Efthymios Tsionas

2007-01-01

259

Environmental roots of the late bronze age crisis.  

PubMed

The Late Bronze Age world of the Eastern Mediterranean, a rich linkage of Aegean, Egyptian, Syro-Palestinian, and Hittite civilizations, collapsed famously 3200 years ago and has remained one of the mysteries of the ancient world since the event's retrieval began in the late 19(th) century AD/CE. Iconic Egyptian bas-reliefs and graphic hieroglyphic and cuneiform texts portray the proximate cause of the collapse as the invasions of the "Peoples-of-the-Sea" at the Nile Delta, the Turkish coast, and down into the heartlands of Syria and Palestine where armies clashed, famine-ravaged cities abandoned, and countrysides depopulated. Here we report palaeoclimate data from Cyprus for the Late Bronze Age crisis, alongside a radiocarbon-based chronology integrating both archaeological and palaeoclimate proxies, which reveal the effects of abrupt climate change-driven famine and causal linkage with the Sea People invasions in Cyprus and Syria. The statistical analysis of proximate and ultimate features of the sequential collapse reveals the relationships of climate-driven famine, sea-borne-invasion, region-wide warfare, and politico-economic collapse, in whose wake new societies and new ideologies were created. PMID:23967146

Kaniewski, David; Van Campo, Elise; Guiot, Joël; Le Burel, Sabine; Otto, Thierry; Baeteman, Cecile

2013-01-01

260

Mental health in the foreclosure crisis.  

PubMed

Current evidence suggests that the rise in home foreclosures that began in 2007 created feelings of stress, vulnerability, and sapped communities of social and economic resources. Minority and low SES communities were more likely to be exposed to predatory lending and hold subprime mortgages, and were the hardest hit by the foreclosure crisis. Little research has examined whether and how the foreclosure crisis has undermined population mental health. I use data from 2245 counties in 50 U.S. states to examine whether living in high foreclosure areas is associated with residents' mental health and whether the foreclosure crisis has the potential to exacerbate existing disparities in mental health during the recessionary period. I use county-level data from RealtyTrac and other data sources, and individual-level data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey from 2006 to 2011. I find that - net of time invariant unobserved between-county differences, national time trends, and observed confounders - a rise in a county's foreclosure rate is associated with a decline in residents' mental health. This association is especially pronounced in counties with a high concentration of low SES and minority residents, which supports the perspective that the foreclosure crisis has the potential to exacerbate existing social disparities in mental health. PMID:25084488

Houle, Jason N

2014-10-01

261

Is there a species spectrum within the world-wide leaf economics spectrum? Major variations in leaf functional traits in the Mediterranean sclerophyll Quercus ilex.  

PubMed

The leaf economics spectrum is a general concept describing coordinated variation in foliage structural, chemical and physiological traits across resource gradients. Yet, within this concept,the role of within-species variation, including ecotypic and plastic variation components, has been largely neglected. This study hypothesized that there is a within-species economics spectrum within the general spectrum in the evergreen sclerophyll Quercus ilex which dominates low resource ecosystems over an exceptionally wide range. An extensive database of foliage traits covering the full species range was constructed, and improved filtering algorithms were developed. Standardized data filtering was deemed absolutely essential as additional variation sources can result in trait variation of 10–300%,blurring the broad relationships. Strong trait variation, c. two-fold for most traits to up to almost an order of magnitude, was uncovered.Although the Q. ilex spectrum is part of the general spectrum, within-species trait and climatic relationships in this species partly differed from the overall spectrum. Contrary to world-wide trends, Q. ilex does not necessarily have a low nitrogen content per mass and can increase photosynthetic capacity with increasing foliage robustness. This study argues that the within-species economics spectrum needs to be considered in regional- to biome-level analyses. PMID:25580487

Niinemets, Ulo

2015-01-01

262

The Energy Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chip-based electronics in 2010 consumed about 10% of the world's total electric power of ˜2 TW. We have seen throughout the book that all segments, processing, memory and communication, are expected to increase their performance or bandwidth by three orders of magnitude in the decade until 2020. If this progress would be realized, the world semiconductor revenue could grow by 50-100%, and the ICT industry by 43-66% in this decade (Fig. 6.1). Progress sustained at these levels certainly depends on investments and qualified manpower, but energy has become another roadblock almost overnight. In this chapter, we touch upon the life-cycle energy of chips by assessing the energy of Si wafer manufacturing, needed to bring the chips to life, and the power efficiencies in their respective operations. An outstanding segment of power-hungry chip operations is that of operating data centers, often called server farms. Their total operating power was ˜36 GW in 2010, and we look at their evolution under the prospect of a 1,000× growth in performance by 2020. One feasible scenario is that we succeed in improving the power efficiency of Processing 1,000×, Memory 1,000×, Communication 100×, within a decade. In this case, the total required power for the world's data centers would still increase 4× to 144 GW by 2020, equivalent to 40% of the total electrical power available in all of Europe. The power prospects for mobile/wireless as well as long-line cable/radio/satellite are equally serious. Any progression by less than the factors listed above will lead to economic growth smaller than the projections given above. This demands clearly that sustainable nanoelectronics must be minimum-energy (femtojoule) electronics.

Hoefflinger, Bernd

263

Science for Humanity: Giving Generously to Our World  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hardly a week goes by without some reminder that we live in an age of anxiety and a world in environmental crisis. As I write this message, unusual stratospheric wind patterns in the Northern Hemisphere seem to be implicated in tragic floods in Pakistan, landslides in China, and wildfires near Moscow. The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico reminds us of our dependence on oil, the increasing scarcity of natural resources, and the adverse environmental impact of our appetite for these resources. The Haiti earthquake earlier this year demonstrates the vulnerability of human society to the natural world. So does the small volcanic eruption in Iceland that disrupted the travel plans of millions of people and cost the aviation industry billions of dollars. Our vulnerability seems to be increasing as the world's population continues to grow, as globalization and interdependencies advance at a giddy pace, and as human societies strive for economic growth.

Sparks, R. Stephen J.

2010-09-01

264

Tigers in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This artful Tigers in Crisis website was produced by long-time journalist and conservationist Craig Kasnoff to educate people about tigers and the global factors threatening their survival as a species. The site provides information about the tiger crisis, their status in the wild, solutions, and more. Site visitors can also learn about three endangered tiger subspecies -- Bengal, Siberian, and Sumatran -- through information, photos, and videos. Additionally, this site provides visitors access to free endangered tiger photos and images for educational, non-profit, and personal use.

Kasnoff, Craig

265

When Crisis Strikes on Campus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook aids in planning for effective crisis communication at institutions of higher education. The book opens with a behind-the-scenes look at a particular crisis--the 1990 murders of five students at the University of Florida. This first section offers tested advice from a campus communicator, an account of the crisis and the…

Larson, Wendy Ann, Ed.

266

School Crisis Preparedness and Response.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dealing with the impact of crisis on school children and staff is not the primary mission of schools. Therefore, many schools remain unprepared to respond to a crisis affecting students and staff. Too often they respond to each successive crisis in a reflexive manner with little preplanned coordination or structure. This workshop provides an…

Schonfeld, David J.; Newgass, Scott

267

Crisis Management in Catholic Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The way in which a school community deals with a crisis situation is a test of its sense of community. This guidebook, intended for Catholic-school principals, presents a detailed plan to help schools establish crisis-management teams and offers directions for their operation. Chapter 1 presents an overview of crisis management and focuses on how…

Batsis, Thomas M.

268

Keeping Cool in a Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are able to avoid disasters by creating a strong, deliberate crisis plan and knowing how to implement it effectively. Good crisis preparedness requires leadership from the top, a critical mass of trained staff members, careful planning, and excellent communication. This article discusses how to prepare for a crisis.

Padgett, Raven

2006-01-01

269

Contagion in the East: A Look at the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1997-98 Asian financial crisis and its aftermath have brought to light a number of crucial economic lessons. This curriculum unit focuses on some of the purported causes of the crisis, the workings of the International Monetary Fund, and the general nature of economies affected by financial turmoil. Lesson 1, "A Story of Boom and Bust in Asia,…

Lee, Isadora; Lai, Selena; Francis, Gregory; Brunette, Rachel

270

Then and Now: Fundraising during a Fiscal Crisis--Lessons from the 19th Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A housing and municipal construction bubble popped and generated a lending crisis in which interbank lending rates became impossibly high. The banking crisis, which spread across Europe and the United States, eventually impacted other industries, leading to a stock market crash and an economic contraction lasting several years. This was not in…

Muscatelli, Anton; Mackay, Francesca

2011-01-01

271

As Euro Crisis Heightens, Germans Resist Tapping Foreign Students for Revenue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Europe has lurched from one economic crisis to another in recent months, one thing has become clear: Any long-term solution will depend on the willingness of Germany, Europe's largest economy, to shoulder much of the financial burden the debt crisis has created. German taxpayers, known for their thrift, have balked at underwriting what many see…

Labi, Aisha

2012-01-01

272

An overview of crisis management in the coke industry  

SciTech Connect

Members of the American Coke and Coal Chemicals Institute (ACCCI), as responsible corporate citizens, have embraced the concepts of crisis management and progress down the various paths of planning and preparation, monitoring, media communications, community outreach, emergency response, and recovery. Many of the concepts outlined here reflect elements of crisis management guidelines developed by the Chemical Manufacturers Association (CMA). At a coke plant, crises can take the form of fires, chemical releases, labor strikes, feedstock supply disruptions, and excessive snowfall, just to name a few. The CMA defines a crisis as: ``an unplanned event that has the potential to significantly impact a company`s operability or credibility, or to pose a significant environment, economic or legal liability``; and crisis management as: ``those activities undertaken to anticipate or prevent, prepare for, respond to and recover from any incident that has the potential to greatly affect the way a company conducts its business.

Saunders, D.A.

1995-12-01

273

Analyzing the financial crisis using the entropy density function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The risk that is created by nonlinear interactions among subjects in economic systems is assumed to increase during an abnormal state of a financial market. Nevertheless, investigating the systemic risk in financial markets following the global financial crisis is not sufficient. In this paper, we analyze the entropy density function in the return time series for several financial markets, such as the S&P500, KOSPI, and DAX indices, from October 2002 to December 2011 and analyze the variability in the entropy value over time. We find that the entropy density function of the S&P500 index during the subprime crisis exhibits a significant decrease compared to that in other periods, whereas the other markets, such as those in Germany and Korea, exhibit no significant decrease during the market crisis. These findings demonstrate that the S&P500 index generated a regular pattern in the return time series during the financial crisis.

Oh, Gabjin; Kim, Ho-yong; Ahn, Seok-Won; Kwak, Wooseop

2015-02-01

274

Public Health Crisis Preparedness and Response in Korea  

PubMed Central

Since the 2006 Pandemic Influenza Preparedness and Response Plan according to the World Health Organization’s recommendation, the Republic of Korea has prepared and periodically evaluated the plan to respond to various public health crises including pandemic influenza. Korea has stockpiled 13,000,000 doses of antiviral drugs covering 26% of the Korean population and runs 519 isolated beds in 16 medical institutions. The division of public health crisis response in Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are in charge of responding to public health crises caused by emerging infectious diseases including severe acute respiratory syndrome, avian influenza human infection, and pandemic influenza. Its job description includes preparing for emerging infectious diseases, securing medical resources during a crisis, activating the emergency response during the crisis, and fortification of capabilities of public health personnel. It could evolve into a comprehensive national agency to deal with public health crisis based on the experience of previous national emerging infectious diseases. PMID:24298444

Lee, Hye-Young; Oh, Mi-Na; Park, Yong-Shik; Chu, Chaeshin; Son, Tae-Jong

2013-01-01

275

The Phony Funding Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If one relies on newspaper headlines for education funding information, one might conclude that America's schools suffer from a perpetual fiscal crisis, every year perched precariously on the brink of financial ruin, never knowing whether there will be sufficient funding to continue operating. Budgetary shortfalls, school district bankruptcies,…

Guthrie, James W.; Peng, Arthur

2010-01-01

276

Coping with Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School officials put a crisis communications plan into action after two Ohio students died and a third became critically ill from meningitis in May 2001. A mass immunization program prevented a major outbreak, and rumor control helped calm the public's fears. Recounts things learned from the experience. (MLF)

Akenhead, James; Andreani, Alan

2002-01-01

277

Communications and Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time of urban crisis, it becomes essential for people to learn about the special problems and needs of other people in the same community. If not actual experience, then visual experience through television can provide a good view into the perspective of other cultures. Television has an obligation to provide education of this sort,…

Hilliard, Robert L.

278

Reefs in Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from "The Biodiversity Crisis: Losing What Counts", walks students through the risks humans pose to the survival of coral reefs and conservation efforts. It discusses the forces behind damage to the reefs and recent protection efforts, including the creation of sanctuaries, good land management, and public awareness campaigns.

279

Commentary: An Enrollment Crisis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

David Breneman's "The Coming Enrollment Crisis: What Every Trustee Must Know" is discussed by Wharton, L. Edward Allemand, Barbara S. Uehling, Irving J. Spitzberg, Jr., Oscar E. Remick, Thomas V. Litzenburg, Jr., and John W. Pocock. Implications for reversals of social and political policy, student retention, developing compensatory strategies,…

Wharton, Clifton R., Jr.; And Others

1983-01-01

280

Crisis Counseling: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

2009-01-01

281

[Drugs and porphyric crisis].  

PubMed

Life threatening crisis may accompany some varieties of porphyria like the acute intermittent form, coproporphyria, porphyria variegata and that associated to deficiency of porphobilinogen synthetase. Drugs are commonly involved as precipitating factors. A classification of drugs according to their proven or probable triggering effect is offered in this paper. Insufficient information precludes the classification of some drugs. PMID:1341825

Hernández, E; Parraguez, A; Wolff, C; Armas Merino, R

1992-07-01

282

Preparing for a Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To handle unforeseen crises, Albuquerque Public Schools established a critical-incident response team with a simple, understandable chain of command. The group aims to ensure maximum safety and people' well-being, develop a districtwide crisis-response-management plan, coordinate necessary training, and collaborate with community agencies…

Perea, Rosalie D.; Morrison, Shirley

1997-01-01

283

Crisis in the Cafeteria.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because schools are entrusted with children's safety, any crisis (particularly food poisoning) affecting that inviolable trust is fodder for a ravenous media. Proactive school business officials and food-service personnel work together to publicize the school nutrition department's good work. Communicating clearly and assigning a food-service…

White, Patrick

1998-01-01

284

Cuban Missile Crisis Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These documents chronicle the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis. On October 15, 1962, the Soviet Union was discovered attempting to install nuclear missiles in Cuba. These missiles would have been capable of quickly reaching the United States. President Kennedy responded with a naval blockade. After several days of increasing tensions, the Soviet Union finally agreed to remove the missiles.

Griffith, Christopher

285

Confronting a biome crisis: global disparities of habitat loss and protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human impacts on the natural environment have reached such proportions that in addition to an extinction crisis, we now also face a broader biome crisis. Here we identify the world's terrestrial biomes and, at a finer spatial scale, ecoregions in which biodiversity and ecological function are at greatest risk because of extensive habitat conversion and limited habitat protection. Habitat conversion

Jonathan M. Hoekstra; Timothy M. Boucher; Taylor H. Ricketts; Carter Roberts

2005-01-01

286

Economic diplomacy. The political dynamics of oil leverage  

SciTech Connect

This study probes the 1973-1974 Arab oil embargo, detailing its history, the motivations that caused it and its ripple effect on world politics and the international economic order. The authors examine the interruption of oil supplies to Western Europe during the 1956 Suez Canal crisis, the growing momentum of Arab oil leverage beginning with the First Arab Petroleum Congress in 1959, the decline of the oil companies' domination of the petroleum industry, and the Arab political environment between the 1967 Arab defeat and the 1973 Arab oil embargo. The book concludes with a discussion of the lessons to be learned from the recent embargoes.

Daoudi, M.S.; Dajani, M.S.

1985-01-01

287

Ranking the Economic Importance of Countries and Industries  

E-print Network

In the current era of worldwide stock market interdependencies, the global financial village has become increasingly vulnerable to systemic collapse. The recent global financial crisis has highlighted the necessity of understanding and quantifying interdependencies among the world's economies, developing new effective approaches to risk evaluation, and providing mitigating solutions. We present a methodological framework for quantifying interdependencies in the global market and for evaluating risk levels in the world-wide financial network. The resulting information will enable policy and decision makers to better measure, understand, and maintain financial stability. We use the methodology to rank the economic importance of each industry and country according to the global damage that would result from their failure. Our quantitative results shed new light on China's increasing economic dominance over other economies, including that of the USA, to the global economy.

Li, Wei; Yamasaki, Kazuko; Stanley, H Eugene; Havlin, Shlomo

2014-01-01

288

Understanding the importance of an energy crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human development and energy, in general, and electrical energy, specifically, co-exist seamlessly in high HDI countries where reliability and availability is greater than 99%. In numerous low HDI countries, there is 2-50% electric grid availability with reliability at or below 50% due to load shedding and faults. In Africa, solar, wind, biomass and hydroelectric energy production are cited to meet growing demand and increase reliability and availability; however, the capital costs are greater than the ability-to-pay for wide scale implementation. Since the 1970s, the United States has continued to argue over the new sustainable energy infrastructure solution(s); thus resulting in no new infrastructure being built for wide scale implementation. Together the world is facing the daunting task of averting an energy crisis in developed countries and facing energy crises in developing countries. This thesis explores the importance of energy crises: from the past, current, and future. The first part entails arguing that the United States is not on a pathway to prevent an energy crisis based on an analysis of 1986 and 2004 niche and status-quo manufacturing of light-duty vehicles. The second part answers the question of what an energy crisis looks like by exploring and investigating current electrical energy crises in Fort Portal, Uganda. This part used both anthropological and physics education empowerment research to co-design and build for various energy crisis situations in hospitals, schools, and businesses all from locally available materials and expertise. Finally, looking into the US light-duty vehicle's future, I design a new hybrid vehicle powertrain (called transition mode hybrid). This third part describes my new patent as a way to avert an energy crisis in the light-duty transportation sector.

Mechtenberg, Abigail Reid

289

1 INTRODUCTION The word crisis comes from the Greek word "krisis"  

E-print Network

1 INTRODUCTION The word crisis comes from the Greek word "krisis" means "decision". It was originally used in the field of medicine and then expanded in the field of psychology, politics and economics

Boyer, Edmond

290

The Influence of Major Life Events on Economic Attitudes in a World of Gene-Environment Interplay.  

PubMed

The role of "genes" on political attitudes has gained attention across disciplines. However, person-specific experiences have yet to be incorporated into models that consider genetic influences. Relying on a gene-environment interplay approach, this study explicates how life-events, such as losing one's job or suffering a financial loss, influence economic policy attitudes. The results indicate genetic and environmental variance on support for unions, immigration, capitalism, socialism and property tax is moderated by financial risks. Changes in the magnitude of genetic influences, however, are temporary. After two years, the phenotypic effects of the life events remain on most attitudes, but changes in the sources of individual differences do not. Univariate twin models that estimate the independent contributions of genes and environment on the variation of attitudes appear to provide robust baseline indicators of sources of individual differences. These estimates, however, are not event or day specific. In this way, genetic influences add stability, while environment cues change, and this process is continually updated. PMID:24860199

Hatemi, Peter K

2013-10-01

291

Impact of the Topology of Global Macroeconomic Network on the Spreading of Economic Crises  

PubMed Central

Throughout economic history, the global economy has experienced recurring crises. The persistent recurrence of such economic crises calls for an understanding of their generic features rather than treating them as singular events. The global economic system is a highly complex system and can best be viewed in terms of a network of interacting macroeconomic agents. In this regard, from the perspective of collective network dynamics, here we explore how the topology of the global macroeconomic network affects the patterns of spreading of economic crises. Using a simple toy model of crisis spreading, we demonstrate that an individual country's role in crisis spreading is not only dependent on its gross macroeconomic capacities, but also on its local and global connectivity profile in the context of the world economic network. We find that on one hand clustering of weak links at the regional scale can significantly aggravate the spread of crises, but on the other hand the current network structure at the global scale harbors higher tolerance of extreme crises compared to more “globalized” random networks. These results suggest that there can be a potential hidden cost in the ongoing globalization movement towards establishing less-constrained, trans-regional economic links between countries, by increasing vulnerability of the global economic system to extreme crises. PMID:21483794

Lee, Kyu-Min; Yang, Jae-Suk; Kim, Gunn; Lee, Jaesung; Goh, Kwang-Il; Kim, In-mook

2011-01-01

292

The 2007 financial crisis: strategic actors and processes of construction of a concrete system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent financial and economic crisis, defined “a once in a century credit tsunami” by former President of Federal Reserve,\\u000a Alan Greenspan, has produced relevant damages in all economic sectors, making many people much poorer. For this reason, many\\u000a scientific contributions have addressed the causes of the crisis, focusing mostly on the ‘bad practices’ in lending and credit\\u000a securitization procedures

Gemma Carolillo; Piero Mastroberardino; Claudio Nigro

293

CONFIDENCE CRISIS AND EXITING NAIVE REALISM THROUGH INTEGRATIVE THINKING  

Microsoft Academic Search

The confidence crisis invites increasing emphasis on social responsibility as a corporate marketing strategy, adopted by management which cannot choose ethical indifference. We need better rules and people, the virtue that follows science heading us down the right path towards overcoming the paralyzing insecurity of economic blood flow and shaping the complexity of current affairs drastically but correctly, in order

Theodor Valentin Purcarea

2009-01-01

294

Examining U.S. and Spanish Annual Reports: Crisis Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis has affected businesses worldwide. Many international corporations must cope with this turmoil, which affects their economic liability. Firms express their actual financial situation in the annual reports they issue every year. The annual report is a document that combines both promotional and informative features. Our study tries to find…

Palmer-Silveira, Juan C.; Ruiz-Garrido, Miguel F.

2014-01-01

295

The sexual and reproductive rights of internally displaced women: the embodiment of Colombia's crisis.  

PubMed

As of 30 June 2006, more than 3.5 million Colombians are internally displaced persons (IDPs), the second largest IDP population in the world after that of Sudan. While most IDP studies treat the plight of internally displaced women (IDW) as an isolated phenomenon, this paper demonstrates that their situation reflects Colombia's chronic cultural, political and socio-economic crisis. This paper uses a sexual and reproductive rights framework to establish a connection between IDW and Colombia's culture of violence, discrimination and inequality. The effects of this culture of violence, discrimination and inequality are highlighted during a discussion of the rights to health, reproduction, privacy, physical integrity, education, and freedom from violence and sexual exploitation. This paper argues that a holistic understanding of Colombia's humanitarian emergency is essential to improving the lives of IDPs. It ends with some concrete, short-term recommendations to meet some of the needs of IDPs and other vulnerable populations. PMID:18217922

Alzate, Mónica M

2008-03-01

296

Economics and Markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Economic matters are often entangled with interventions. Aid agencies need to understand where they can have the highest leverage, and where aid may cause harmful economic distortions. Humanitarian interventions in crises will be more effective if the economic and social root causes of the crisis are addressed as well. The root causes of insurgencies often include economic issues, particularly economic discrimination. Planners for military operations in a country need to know the economic side effects of military activities, including the effects of withdrawal. Government agencies trying to bring developed-nation investors into a developing country must understand, along with the potential investors, what the economic prospects of the economy are, and how safe an investment is (or is not). Economic modeling and analysis can assist in each of these cases.

Graham, Alan K.

297

Using Emotional Intelligence in Training Crisis Managers: The Pandora Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Multi-agency crisis management represents one of the most complex of real-world situations, requiring rapid negotiation and decision-making under extreme pressure. However, the training offered to strategic planners, called Gold Commanders, does not place them under any such pressure. It takes the form of paper-based, table-top exercises, or…

Mackinnon, Lachian; Bacon, Liz; Cortellessa, Gabriella; Cesta, Amedeo

2013-01-01

298

The Service Society and the Crisis in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since World War II, the U.S. has had an economy primarily based on human services. Human services are labor intensive and produce an intangible product. In the light of the growing environmental crisis, it seems likely that, if we are to survive, increasing numbers of people will be employed in service work that does not deplete our resources and…

Riessman, Frank

299

The World Food Programme By Kristen Lunde  

E-print Network

The World Food Programme By Kristen Lunde The United Nations and Millennium Development Goals Study the world by providing food aid to populations that are struggling with hunger in light of crises. They also their lives after being stricken by a food crisis. As the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

300

Economics focus In defence of the dismal science  

E-print Network

at the University of Chicago, rebuts criticisms that the financial crisis represents a failure of economics by the views of people who have seized on the crisis as an opportunity to restate criticisms they had voiced of conducting sensible economic policy. I think this caricature is nonsense and of no value in thinking about

Tesfatsion, Leigh

301

Nuclear Fusion: A Solution to the GlobalNuclear Fusion: A Solution to the Global Energy CrisisEnergy Crisis  

E-print Network

Nuclear Fusion: A Solution to the GlobalNuclear Fusion: A Solution to the Global Energy Crisis.maclellan@strath.ac.uk Introduction and Motivation What is Nuclear Fusion? Laser Plasma Interactions The world, and particularly is harnessing the power of nuclear fusion. It is however, extremely difficult to sustain a fusion reaction

Strathclyde, University of

302

Germany and America: Crisis of confidence  

SciTech Connect

The paper examines the deterioration in German-American relations. The reasons for this downturn in German-American relations are quite simple. Washington views the Persian Gulf crisis as a defining moment in European-American relations and in the creation of a new world order. It is also the first diplomatic test of a unified Germany and a new German-American relationship. It is a test that Germany is thus far seen as having failed for three reasons. First, from the outset many Americans sensed that Germans did not comprehend what this crisis meant for the United States. A second and, in many ways, more worrying factor was the growing sense that the Germans were not being good Europeans. The third and most serious American concern, however, was the unsettling appearance of a very selective German definition of collective defense and common security. The result has been a crisis of confidence in the performance of the German political elite that goes beyond the problems in German-American relations during the early 1980s and the INF debate.

Asmus, R.D.

1991-02-01

303

Crisis Communication Plans: Poor Predictors of Excellent Crisis Public Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that newly developed theory in crisis public relations suggests a shift is necessary in the way practitioners view crises. Notes that the new paradigm defines excellent crisis public relations very differently from the literature of the past 20 years. (RS)

Marra, Francis J.

1998-01-01

304

Before Crisis Hits: Building a Strategic Crisis Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide offers suggestions to college administrators for dealing with a variety of emergency or crisis situations that could affect a community college's effectiveness. The authors used the Institute for Crisis Management's (ICM) four types of crises in higher education as the framework for the guide. The four types of crises are: (1) sudden;…

Smith, Larry L.; Millar, Dan P.

305

Dissent During Crisis in America  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Dissent during periods of crisis can be a difficult subject to discuss, even among reasonable people, and this thoughtful digital exhibit from the University of California at Irvine illuminates this subject quite nicely. The items in the exhibit are from their Department of Special Collections and Archives, and the focus of this particular collection is to examine "issues of war, peace, dissent and dialogue during critical periods in the 20th century." There are six sections of the exhibit which include "Protest during the Vietnam War", "The Internment of Japanese Americans during WWII", and "McCarthyism during the Cold War". Visitors can click on each of these sections to view digitized images of ephemera (such as artworks, pamphlets, and posters) that are representative of these times of dissent and debate. Visitors should not miss the "Conscientious Objectors in World War II" area, as it contains images from a pacifist handbook published in 1939 and items published by groups like the Quakers and the Mennonites.

MacLeod, Stephen

2008-01-01

306

Biofuel, Economics, and Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Biofuels may be an important economic contributor in the coming decades. Proper biofuel management can provide economical, more environmentally friendly fuel worldwide; decrease world poverty; decrease food insecurity; and increase the environmental performance of the agricultural sector.

Daniel De La Torre Ugarte (Department of Agricultural Economics of the University of Tennessee; )

2010-03-11

307

[Crisis in medical ethics].  

PubMed

There is a disproportion between diagnostic and therapeutic medical achievements and the doctor/patient relationship. Are we allowed to do everything we are able to do in medicine? People are concerned and worried (genetic technology, invasive medicine, embryos in test tubes etc.). The crisis of ethics in medicine is evident. The analysis of the situation shows one of the causes in the shift of the paradigma-modern times to postmodern following scientific positivism-but also a loss of ethics in medicine due to an extreme secularism and to modern philosophical trends (Hans Jonas and the responsibility for the future and on the other hand modern utilitarism). PMID:9036685

Stellamor, K

1996-01-01

308

Correlation of financial markets in times of crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of correlations matrices of some of the main financial market indices in the world, we show that high volatility of markets is directly linked with strong correlations between them. This means that markets tend to behave as one during great crashes. In order to do so, we investigate financial market crises that occurred in the years 1987 (Black Monday), 1998 (Russian crisis), 2001 (Burst of the dot-com bubble and September 11), and 2008 (Subprime Mortgage Crisis), which mark some of the largest downturns of financial markets in the last three decades.

Sandoval, Leonidas; Franca, Italo De Paula

2012-01-01

309

Dilmaya's World  

E-print Network

many clothes, as much food as I needed, a cupboard of drink and another of medicine. Dilmaya had few, and often worn, clothes, often little food and no medicines. I had never gone through the shock of pregnancy and childbirth as Dilmaya had done... remotest of simple hunter-gatherers in an Australian or African desert, it is difficult to think how our worlds could have been further apart – mentally, morally, spiritually, economically, politically, educationally, or in terms of clan, gender, wealth...

Alan, Macfarlane

2014-08-27

310

A Crisis of Legendary Proportions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the activities of Indiana University's crisis communications team during the Bob Knight controversy. Discusses how the school's response was based on four crisis communications principles: create a plan, appoint a single spokesperson, respond with open and continuous communications, and expect the unexpected. (EV)

Simpson, Christopher

2001-01-01

311

Multifractal analysis of Asian markets during 2007-2008 financial crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2007-2008 US financial crisis adversely affected the stock markets all over the world.  Asian markets also came under pressure and were differently affected. As markets under stress could reveal features that remain hidden under normal conditions, we use MF-DFA technique to investigate the multifractal structure of the US and seven Asian stock markets during the crisis period. The overall period of study, from 01 July 2002 to 31 December 2013, is divided into three sub-periods: pre-crisis period, crisis period and post-crisis period. We find during the crisis period markets of the US, Japan, Hong Kong, S. Korea and Indonesia show very strong non-linearity for positive values of the moment q. We calculate the singularity spectra, f(?) for the three sub-periods for all markets. During the crisis period, we observe that the peaks of the f(?) spectra shift to lower values of ? and markets of the US, Japan, Hong Kong, Korea and Indonesia exhibit increased long range correlations of large fluctuations in index returns. We also study the impact of the crisis on the power law exponent in the tail region of the cumulative return distribution and find that by excluding the crisis period from the overall data sets, the tail exponent increases across all markets.

Hasan, Rashid; Mohammad, Salim M.

2015-02-01

312

World Economics Association Conferences, 2013  

E-print Network

of the financial- instability hypothesis which would be able to point up the weaknesses of the dominant market as social distortions. As the lack of proper institutional structures failed to channel capital inflows and exacerbated monetary and financial instabilities. Although the emerging markets seem not to be dragged

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

313

CrisisGroup  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Crisis Group (ICG) is a private, multinational organization "committed to strengthening the capacity of the international community to anticipate, understand and act to prevent and contain conflict." The ICG, which is chaired by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, is headquartered in Brussels and has advocacy offices in Washington DC, New York, and Paris. The organization currently operates field projects in nineteen crisis-affected countries and four continents: Algeria, Burundi, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and Zimbabwe in Africa; Myanmar, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan in Asia; Albania, Bosnia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia in Europe; and Colombia in Latin America. Teams of political analysts gather information from a wide range of sources, assess local conditions, and produce regular analytical reports, containing "practical recommendations targeted at key international decision-takers." For those users interested in exploring publications on issues related to conflict prevention and management, this is definitely a place to start. The heading "Browse by publication type," located on the main website, will allow users to browse a variety of resoures such as reports, briefings, speeches, podcasts and other multimedia and the latest news releases.

314

The Mediterranean salinity crisis  

SciTech Connect

That the Mediterranean Sea underwent a salinity crisis during the Miocene (Messinian) is proven by the 1970 JOIDES deep sea drilling expedition. Subsequent work by ocean drilling and by studies on land have recorded the history of this crisis. Based upon the deep desiccated-basin model, the use of event-stratigraphy, calibrated by strontium-isotope dating and magnetostratigraphy, has enabled them to decipher the following events between 6.0 and 5.1 Ma: (1) deposition of marine diatom-rich sediments in a partially restricted basin, (2) first desiccation of the Mediterranean when Calcare di base was deposited at a time of isolation from the Atlantic because of a glacial eustatic drop of sea level, (3) influx of marine waters through southern Spanish basins to furnish brines for the deposition of the main salt, (4) Intra-Messinian desiccation, as evidenced by the erosional unconformity above the lower evaporite, (5) Intra-Messinian denudation, when reefs grew on Cyprus and marine sediments were deposited in basins, (6) frequency isolations due to oscillating sea level, when the upper evaporite was deposited, (7) Lago mare, formation of freshwater and brackish lakes due to influx of Paratethys water, (8) opening of the Gibraltar and Pliocene inundation of the Mediterranean.

Hsue, K.J.

1988-08-01

315

From Tulip Bulbs to Sub-Prime Mortgages Examining the Sub-Prime Crisis: The Case for a Systemic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The collapse of the sub-prime mortgage market parallels several earlier failures within the financial services sector, begging the question why the lessons of past failures were not learned. Throughout history from the tulip bulb crisis of the 1600s to the most recent economic crisis, decision-makers keep making the same mistakes. This…

Stephens, Alan A.; Atwater, J. Brian; Kannan, Vijay R.

2013-01-01

316

A Strategic and Integrated Labor Market Approach: Essential to Overcome the Crisis and to Assist Structural Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comparing the papers on the Korean and the U.S. situations leads to interesting conclusions. Cho and Shin argue that the recent crisis did not create huge problems in the labor market because Korea was firstly in a fundamentally sound economic situation and secondly took adequate anti-crisis measures, in particular by stabilizing internal demand.…

Caspar, Sigried; Hartwig, Ines; Moench, Barbara

2012-01-01

317

"To Be...or Not To Be": The U.S. Response to the Cuban Missile Crisis. Eleventh Grade Activity. Schools of California Online Resources for Education (SCORE): Connecting California's Classrooms to the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the post-World War II era, the relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union became strained. Both countries feared that one would target the other with atomic warheads placed on missiles. Fear of a nuclear holocaust occupied the thinking of many people as they went about their daily activities. As a member of the Executive…

Krup, Carol

318

California's electricity crisis  

E-print Network

The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2001-01-01

319

INET published a paper, written by John Kay, that deals with the relationship between economics and the world we live in. The Map Is Not the Territory: An Essay on the State of Economics spells out methodological critiques  

E-print Network

diagnosis that economic theory has taken a profoundly wrong path (in fact I will add few further critical toward this draft. Support to the whole enterprise by INET- Institute for New Economic Thinking; FINNOV

Tesfatsion, Leigh

320

Spatial and Financial Fixes and the Global Financial Crisis: Does Labour Have the Knowledge and Power to Meet the Challenge?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five years after the global financial crisis, and trillions of dollars in stimulus spending later, the crisis not only remains unresolved, but risks entering a new deeper phase in southern Europe. The global turbulence, although experienced with differing degrees of intensity and dislocation around the world, manifests as high unemployment,…

Brown, Tony

2013-01-01

321

[Reforms and demographic crisis].  

PubMed

During reformation years all basic medical and demographic indices have undergone negative changes in Russia. Since 1992 there has been a steady-state decrease in the population due to the fact that mortality rates are extremely greater than birth ones. In 2001, the Russian population reduced in number by nearly a million. The birth rates are twice less than that requires for a simple reproduction of generations. Extremely high death rates remain among the population, in able-bodied males. The main reasons for the demographic crisis are the negative consequences of the implemented reforms rather than the transition from traditional to the new present-day reproduction of the population. It is problematic now to correct the situation via active migration of Russian-speaking persons. This requires enormous funds to provide comers with jobs and dwelling. It is unreal to diminish annual departure of 100 thousand persons, mainly young educated professionals from the country, though it is joust not only a demographic, but a strategic problem. In 2001 there was a some rise in birth rates. But this is the most illusive way of solving the demographic crisis. Just in the USSR, the high educational level of the population, the socioeconomic emancipation of females and progress in medicine gave rise to the transition to the present-day reproduction of the population, which is characterized by low birth and death rates. So the population is unlikely to be replenished by high birth rates. The main way of overcoming the demographic crisis is to reduce mortality and not to allow young people to die prematurely. For this it is necessary to know the biological mechanisms responsible for extremely high mortality. It is most likely to be due to breakdown in the dynamic stereotype of higher nervous performance, as stated by I. P. Pavlov. Today it is insufficient to control alcoholism, traumatism, and smoking by healthy lifestyle propaganda in order to reduce death rates in Russian. All these disasters took place after the Great Patriotic War, but an aspiration for long and happy life was prevalent in the consciousness of the people who has won the war. At present, neither the whole able-bodied population nor all young people have an internal aim at living long. To overcome this tragic gap in the consciousness requires primarily a great working motivation. PMID:12187540

Velichkovski?, B T

2002-01-01

322

Economics U$A: 21st Century Edition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The so-called "dismal science" is dismal no longer as the result of this engaging and thoughtful exploration of the world of economics. Created by the Educational Film Center and offered as one of the Annenberg Learner resources, this primer on micro- and macroeconomics includes 28 30-minute programs. These materials were released in 2012, and they cover topics such as Supply and Demand, Economic Efficiency, and Profits and Interest. Educators will be glad to learn that the complete program website includes discussion questions, worksheets, and additional activities for the classroom. The series is quite up to date, and it even includes a discussion of the 2008 banking crisis and technology's broad influence on the economy.

2012-02-17

323

Basketball Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit offers five economics lessons related to basketball. Lessons include: (1) "Money, Money, Money in the Basketball Player's World"; (2) "Take Me to the Basketball Game Lesson"; (3) "What Does It Take?"; (4) "Productivity of a Basketball Player"; and (5) "Congratulations! You Just Won the NBA Championships." Most of the lessons…

Scheinman, Daniel; Scheinman, Ted

324

Emergence and Development of the Government Debt Crisis in the European Monetary Union  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reasons, development and the effects of the crisis on the government debts in the European Monetary Union are analyzed in this article. The conclusion is justified, that a single currency for diverse economies does not result in economic convergence, but on the contrary – economic divergence. The macroeconomic criteria for a nominal convergence, that must be met by each

Yordanka Stateva

2011-01-01

325

Ecological Economics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Taking as its starting point the interdependence of the economy and the natural environment, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of ecological economics. The authors, who have written extensively on the economics of sustainability, build on insights from both mainstream economics and ecological sciences. Part I explores the interdependence of the modern economy and its environment, while Part II focuses mainly on the economy and on economics. Part III looks at how national governments set policy targets and the instruments used to pursue those targets. Part IV examines international trade and institutions, and two major global threats to sustainability - climate change and biodiversity loss. Assuming no prior knowledge of economics, this textbook is well suited for use on interdisciplinary environmental science and management courses. It has extensive student-friendly features including discussion questions and exercises, keyword highlighting, real-world illustrations, further reading and website addresses. A comprehensive introduction to a developing field which will interest students from science, economics and management backgrounds A global approach to the problems of sustainability and sustainable development, issues which are increasingly prominent in political debate and policy making Filled with student-friendly features including focus areas for each chapter, keyword highlighting, real-world illustrations, discussion questions and exercises, further reading and website addresses

Common, Michael; Stagl, Sigrid

2005-10-01

326

The 'Industrial Crisis' of the English Textile Towns, c.1290 - c.1330  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper's thesis is that the chief causes for the well-known `industrial crisis' of the traditional English textile towns during the period c.1290 - c.1340 was not the emergence of supposedly superior, lower-cost rural competition, as is generally supposed, but rather a far-reaching economic crisis that was afflicting their major cloth markets, those in the Mediterranean basin; and furthermore, that

John H. Munro

1998-01-01

327

Financial crisis : through various perspectives  

E-print Network

The 2007 financial crisis can be viewed from various perspectives. First, it can be explained in a wider macroeconomic context, for example by looking at the housing bubble. Monetary policy can be explained according to ...

Kim, Joon Hee

2010-01-01

328

Power and Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses whether the United States possesses sufficient international power to (1) shape its own destiny in the current world economic climate, and (2) influence significantly and constructively the destiny of the world economy as a whole. Argues that the key to America's future economic power lies in ideas and concepts. (Author/GC)

Rostow, W. W.

1981-01-01

329

Pulmonary Edema in Myasthenic Crisis  

PubMed Central

We report a previously asymptomatic 50-year-old lady who came with myasthenic crisis as initial presentation of myasthenia gravis. She developed pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration and had ischemic changes in ECG and left ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography. She improved with diuretics, dobutamine, and fluid restriction alone. This is the first report in English-language medical literature describing the association between myasthenic crisis and likely takotsubo cardiomyopathy-related pulmonary edema following intravenous immunoglobulin administration. PMID:24829832

Anand, Uttara Swati; Arulneyam, Jayanthi

2013-01-01

330

WORLD WATER ASSESSMENT PROGRAMME  

EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of the World Water Assessment Programme is to support the building of global security - food, environment, economic, social and political security -- through an integrated comprehensive freshwater assessment. The specific objectives within the assessment pr...

331

The crisis of neoliberalism and the future of international institutions: A comparison of the IMF and the WTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current crisis of neoliberalism is calling into question the relevance of key international institutions. We analyze the\\u000a origins, nature, and possible impacts of the crisis through comparing two such institutions: the International Monetary Fund\\u000a (IMF) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Both originated in the post-World War II U.S.-led hegemonic order and were transformed\\u000a as part of the transition

Nitsan Chorev; Sarah Babb

2009-01-01

332

Water Crisis, The Environment and Arab Sustainable Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Equally pessimistic and critical of Arab chances in the next century is a 1995 World Bank study titled Global Economic Prospects and Developing Countries. It portrays a pessimistic and bleak outlook for economic growth and development in the Middle East and North Africa. During the 1980s, according to this study, the region's economic growth averaged less than one per cent

Atif Kubursi

333

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics  

E-print Network

Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics BSc Economics and Politics #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching is internationally respected and our students are in demand by employers

Burton, Geoffrey R.

334

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics  

E-print Network

Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics MSc Economics & Finance MSc International Money & Banking #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department offers a range. The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching and research

Burton, Geoffrey R.

335

Thyroid crisis in the maxillofacial trauma patient.  

PubMed

Thyroid crisis, also known as thyroid storm, is a rare complication of thyrotoxicosis that results in a hypermetabolic and hyperadrenergic state. This condition requires prompt recognition and treatment because the mortality from thyroid crisis approaches 30%. Thyrotoxicosis alone will usually not progress to thyroid crisis. Thyroid crisis will typically be precipitated by some concomitant event such as infection, iodine-containing contrast agents, medications such as amiodarone, pregnancy, or surgery. Trauma is a rare precipitator of thyroid crisis. Several published studies have reported thyroid crisis resulting from blunt or penetrating neck trauma. Significant systemic trauma, such as motor vehicle accidents, has also been reported to precipitate thyroid crisis. It is very unusual for minor trauma to precipitate thyroid crisis. In the present study, we report the case of a patient who had incurred relatively minor maxillofacial trauma and developed thyroid crisis 2 weeks after the initial trauma. PMID:25085805

Weinstock, Robert J; Lewis, Tashorn; Miller, Jared; Clarkson, Earl I

2014-11-01

336

Indonesian Crisis Deepens  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

On June 1, 2001, Indonesia's President Wahid announced that he dismissed four members of his Cabinet and the police chief, depicting the move as a peace overture to his main political rival, vice-president Megawati Sukarnoputri. Sukarnoputri's party, the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), is at the forefront of the effort to impeach President Wahid and remove him office. The PDIP won by far the largest number of votes in the last election two years ago, but Ms. Sukarnoputri was unable to broker any deals to secure an outright majority in the parliament and win the presidency for herself. Instead, the job went to Abdurrahman Wahid, a compromise candidate. Wahid's nineteen months in power have seen a number of crises and political spats, culminating in the vote by parliament on Wednesday to hold an impeachment hearing against the president over claims of corruption and incompetence on August 1. Most analysts agree that there is a firm majority in the body in favor of unseating Wahid. In addition to the cabinet reshuffle, Wahid has on several occasions raised the possibility of martial law. Neither move, it seems, is likely to satisfy parliament or Sukarnoputri's supporters. The final outcome of the current crisis is still an open question. If Sukarnoputri does take office and steps into the shoes of her illustrious father Sukarno, Indonesia's first president, she will find that the question at the heart of the present struggle -- the balance of power between the parliament and the president -- remains.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

2001-01-01

337

Might Astrobiological Findings Evoke a Religious Crisis?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What might be the likely impact of confirmed discovery of extraterrestrial life—microbial or intelligent life—on terrestrial religion? Many have speculated that the anthropo-centrism and earth-centrism which allegedly have characterized our religious traditions would be confronted with a crisis. Would new knowledge that we are not alone in the universe lead to a collapse of traditional religious belief? This presentation will summarize the results of the Peters Religious Crisis Survey of 1325 respondents. This survey shows that the majority of adherents to Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism demonstrate little or no anxiety regarding the prospect of contact with extraterrestrial life, even if they express some doubts regarding their respective religious tradition and the traditions of others. This presentation will also show that theological speculation regarding other worlds has sparked lively debate beginning as far back as the middle ages and continuing into our present era. Ted Peters is a research and teaching scholar with the Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences at the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley, California. He is co-editor of the journal, Theology and Science, and author of the books, The Evolution of Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Life (Pandora 2008) and Playing God? Genetic Determinism and Human Freedom (Routledge, rev. ed., 2003).

Peters, T.; Froehlig, J. L.

2009-12-01

338

Benedictine Monk speaks on Making the Most of Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

“A society of stress and anxiety, dragging a ball and chain around through the day” was how Benedictine monk Father Laurence Freeman OSB described some people’s experience of today’s world in his lecture to over 200 people gathered at The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle Campus on Tuesday 16 February.\\u000aEntitled: Making the Most of Crisis: How a Contemplative

Michelle Ebbs

2010-01-01

339

Climate and the Soviet Grain Crisis of 1928  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation tests the premise that peasant hoarding of surplus grain supplies and the refusal of the rural Soviet peasants to sell grain to state procurement apparatus during the late New Economic Policy period, caused the Grain Crisis of 1928. The peasants' reluctance to sell grain and claims of peasant hoarding could only occur if sufficient grain surpluses existed during this period. The existence of these assumed grain surpluses is shown to be highly improbable. First, the large but inconsistent body of 1920s grain statistics was evaluated per se and related to two periods of pre-WWI data, the Witte and Stolypin years, on a practical comparison whenever possible. For both these pre-World War I periods, intensive links between rapid industrialization and agriculture had been established similar to the conditions of the 1920s. The climatic conditions of the two imperial and one Soviet period in the 1920s, especially drought in 1927, was analyzed, and its impact on grain production estimated and interpreted. The conclusion was reached that the cause of drop in grain production in 1927 was due to a long-term and persistent trend of regional drought affecting spring wheat yields, especially in the areas of the Middle Volga and Kazakhstan. Second, the resultant conclusion was reached that there was insufficient bread grain on a national basis in 1927 to meet the essential needs of the rural peasants, much less the increasing demands of the government procurements. Third, the government's 1927 policy of monopolizing all available "surpluses" on the grain market under the false assumption that these surpluses were abundant, demonstrated either naivete and incompetence, or political expediency. This monopolization contributed to a breakdown in the marketing distribution of available grain, and generally exacerbated the poor procurement situation which was publically and incorrectly blamed on the peasants' hoarding.

Welker, Jean Edward

1995-01-01

340

The financial crisis, health and health inequities in Europe: the need for regulations, redistribution and social protection  

PubMed Central

In 2009, Europe was hit by one of the worst debt crises in history. Although the Eurozone crisis is often depicted as an effect of government mismanagement and corruption, it was a consequence of the 2008 U.S. banking crisis which was caused by more than three decades of neoliberal policies, financial deregulation and widening economic inequities. Evidence indicates that the Eurozone crisis disproportionately affected vulnerable populations in society and caused sharp increases of suicides and deaths due to mental and behavioral disorders especially among those who lost their jobs, houses and economic activities because of the crisis. Although little research has, so far, studied the effects of the crisis on health inequities, evidence showed that the 2009 economic downturn increased the number of people living in poverty and widened income inequality especially in European countries severely hit by the debt crisis. Data, however, also suggest favorable health trends and a reduction of traffic deaths fatalities in the general population during the economic recession. Moreover, egalitarian policies protecting the most disadvantaged populations with strong social protections proved to be effective in decoupling the link between job losses and suicides. Unfortunately, policy responses after the crisis in most European countries have mainly consisted in bank bailouts and austerity programs. These reforms have not only exacerbated the debt crisis and widened inequities in wealth but also failed to address the root causes of the crisis. In order to prevent a future financial downturn and promote a more equitable and sustainable society, European governments and international institutions need to adopt new regulations of banking and finance as well as policies of economic redistribution and investment in social protection. These policy changes, however, require the abandonment of the neoliberal ideology to craft a new global political economy where markets and gross domestic product (GDP) are no longer the main national policy goals, but just means to human and health improvements. PMID:25059702

2014-01-01

341

The financial crisis, health and health inequities in Europe: the need for regulations, redistribution and social protection.  

PubMed

In 2009, Europe was hit by one of the worst debt crises in history. Although the Eurozone crisis is often depicted as an effect of government mismanagement and corruption, it was a consequence of the 2008 U.S. banking crisis which was caused by more than three decades of neoliberal policies, financial deregulation and widening economic inequities.Evidence indicates that the Eurozone crisis disproportionately affected vulnerable populations in society and caused sharp increases of suicides and deaths due to mental and behavioral disorders especially among those who lost their jobs, houses and economic activities because of the crisis. Although little research has, so far, studied the effects of the crisis on health inequities, evidence showed that the 2009 economic downturn increased the number of people living in poverty and widened income inequality especially in European countries severely hit by the debt crisis. Data, however, also suggest favorable health trends and a reduction of traffic deaths fatalities in the general population during the economic recession. Moreover, egalitarian policies protecting the most disadvantaged populations with strong social protections proved to be effective in decoupling the link between job losses and suicides.Unfortunately, policy responses after the crisis in most European countries have mainly consisted in bank bailouts and austerity programs. These reforms have not only exacerbated the debt crisis and widened inequities in wealth but also failed to address the root causes of the crisis. In order to prevent a future financial downturn and promote a more equitable and sustainable society, European governments and international institutions need to adopt new regulations of banking and finance as well as policies of economic redistribution and investment in social protection. These policy changes, however, require the abandonment of the neoliberal ideology to craft a new global political economy where markets and gross domestic product (GDP) are no longer the main national policy goals, but just means to human and health improvements. PMID:25059702

De Vogli, Roberto

2014-01-01

342

An American Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today, America faces a shifting and demanding economic and workforce environment. Americans know that the workplace is changing but not where it's heading. Each demonstration of the latest breakthrough technology can have enormous impact on the society, opening up entire new industries and markets and instantly limiting the viability of others. Of…

Padron, Eduardo J.

2009-01-01

343

Energy Crisis Perils Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is the idea that the use of fossil fuels could render Earth uninhabitable long before supplies of them are exhausted. Possible solutions to this problem are described and include a revolution in technology, worldwide economic strategies, and a change in the way people think. (KR)

Clearing, 1990

1990-01-01

344

The health implications of financial crisis: A review of the evidence  

PubMed Central

What will the current economic crisis mean for the health of the people of Northern Ireland? We review the experience of three major economic crises in the 20th century: the Great Depression (1929), the Post-communist Depression (early 1990s) and the East Asian financial crisis (late 1990s). Available evidence suggests that health is at risk in times of rapid economic change, in both booms and busts. However the impact on mortality is exacerbated where people have easy access to the means to harm themselves and is ameliorated by the presence of strong social cohesion and social protection systems. On this basis, Northern Ireland may escape relatively unscathed in the short term but as every crisis also provides an opportunity, this is an appropriate time for the Northern Ireland Executive to reflect on whether they are making a sufficient investment in the long term health of their population. PMID:19907678

Stuckler, David; Basu, Sanjay; Suhrcke, Marc; McKee, Martin

2009-01-01

345

[The University in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The university reflects the revolution in the world. Large numbers of "find out" students are not goal oriented and are affected by malaise; many approve of the use of violence in certain situations. Part of the revolution must be accepted and part rejected. The university is extremely vulnerable to violence and, unless it is contained, American…

Abram, Morris B.

346

World Development Sources (WDS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

World Development Sources is the "digital repository" of World Bank documents. It houses a searchable database of development-related reports produced since 1988 by the World Bank. These include Staff Appraisal Reports (SARs), World Bank President's Reports and Memoranda, Economic and Sector Work, Evaluation Reports and Studies, and Global Environment Facility (GEF) and Montreal Protocol Project documents. It also contains working papers and publications produced by the World Bank since 1993. All of these papers can be viewed online using the TMS Sequoia plug-in (available at the site for Windows and Macintosh).

1997-01-01

347

Economic Value Added: Pros and Cons  

Microsoft Academic Search

In times of uncertainty and crisis the performance measurement instruments should be reanalyzed. Thus, alongside the classic indicators of performance, in business financial analysis can be used modern indicators which offer a greater flexibility and efficiency. Such a measurement indicator for financial results closely correlated with the requirement of maximizing shareholder wealth is the Economic Value Added (EVA). The economic

Laura VASILESCU; Ana POPA

2011-01-01

348

The role of the psychologist in crisis/hostage negotiations.  

PubMed

Over the past three decades, there has been a noted increase in hostage and barricade incidents involving perpetrators with a variety of emotional, economic, and political motives. A hostage incident may be defined as an incident in which (a) perpetrator(s) hold(s) one or more persons against their will in a location known to police. A barricade incident, on the other hand, is an incident without hostages in which a perpetrator is barricaded, also in a location known to police and refusing to surrender. Approximately 25 years ago, a theory of crisis/hostage negotiations was developed which has been continuously refined in field applications. This article will define the goal of crisis/hostage negotiation, review the history of hostage taking from biblical times to the present, review the utilization of psychologists and other mental health consultants by police crisis/hostage negotiation teams, and discuss the four roles and related functions of psychologists on crisis/hostage negotiation teams. PMID:9924767

Hatcher, C; Mohandie, K; Turner, J; Gelles, M G

1998-01-01

349

Using Crisis Simulations in Public Relations Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: Students will demonstrate research, decision making, team building, and public speaking skills, while applying issues management and crisis communication concepts in a realistic setting. Courses: Introduction to Public Relations, Public Relations Cases, Crisis Communication.

Veil, Shari R.

2010-01-01

350

Crisis Communications Plan University of Washington  

E-print Network

's Emergency Management Plan (http://www.washington.edu/emergency/ep/).This Crisis Communications Plan Technology UW Emergency Management Web Communications Human Resources Student Life Environmental HealthCrisis Communications Plan University of Washington Office of Media Relations and Communications

Queitsch, Christine

351

The Antimicrobial Resistance Crisis: Causes, Consequences, and Management  

PubMed Central

The antimicrobial resistance (AMR) crisis is the increasing global incidence of infectious diseases affecting the human population, which are untreatable with any known antimicrobial agent. This crisis will have a devastating cost on human society as both debilitating and lethal diseases increase in frequency and scope. Three major factors determine this crisis: (1) the increasing frequency of AMR phenotypes among microbes is an evolutionary response to the widespread use of antimicrobials; (2) the large and globally connected human population allows pathogens in any environment access to all of humanity; and (3) the extensive and often unnecessary use of antimicrobials by humanity provides the strong selective pressure that is driving the evolutionary response in the microbial world. Of these factors, the size of the human population is least amenable to rapid change. In contrast, the remaining two factors may be affected, so offering a means of managing the crisis: the rate at which AMR, as well as virulence factors evolve in microbial world may be slowed by reducing the applied selective pressure. This may be accomplished by radically reducing the global use of current and prospective antimicrobials. Current management measures to legislate the use of antimicrobials and to educate the healthcare world in the issues, while useful, have not comprehensively addressed the problem of achieving an overall reduction in the human use of antimicrobials. We propose that in addition to current measures and increased research into new antimicrobials and diagnostics, a comprehensive education program will be required to change the public paradigm of antimicrobial usage from that of a first line treatment to that of a last resort when all other therapeutic options have failed. PMID:25279369

Michael, Carolyn Anne; Dominey-Howes, Dale; Labbate, Maurizio

2014-01-01

352

Sociology and the Farm Crisis  

E-print Network

! . SOCIOLOGY AND THE FARM CRISIS Patrick H. Mooney University of Kentucky Mid-American Review of Sociology, 1987, Vol. XII, No. 1:3-14 INTRODUCTION American agriculture is once again in a very serious financial crisis. Information pertaining... portraying the tragedy of the loss of independence and dignity that coincide with the failure of a family farm. The USDA has published a stream of data on the sorry state of· U.S. agriculture, though these often conclude with optimistic expectations for 'next...

Mooney, Patrick H.

1987-04-01

353

Economics 364: Survey of International Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Economics 364: Survey of International Economics web site was developed by Blake LeBaron, Professor of Economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The class aims to explain finance and macroeconomic policies in the world economy and trade patterns among countries. Topics covered include the foreign exchange market, balance of payments accounting, arbitrage in the foreign exchange market, monetary policy, trade models and trade policies. At the site users can find lecture notes, assignments and past exams.

LeBaron, Blake Dean, 1961-.

1998-01-01

354

Impact of global financial crisis on stylized facts between energy markets and stock markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the stylized facts is extremely important and has becomes a hot issue nowadays. However, recent global financial crisis that started from United States had spread all over the world and adversely affected the commodities and financial sectors of both developed and developing countries. This paper tends to examine the impact of crisis on stylized facts between energy and stock markets using ARCH-family models based on the experience over 2008 global financial crisis. Empirical results denote that there is long lasting, persists and positively significant the autocorrelation function of absolute returns and their squares in both markets for before and during crisis. Besides that, leverage effects are found in stock markets whereby bad news has a greater impact on volatility than good news for both before and during crisis. However, crisis does not indicate any impact on risk-return tradeoff for both energy and stock markets. For forecasting evaluations, GARCH model and FIAPARCH model indicate superior out of sample forecasts for before and during crisis respectively.

Leng, Tan Kim; Cheong, Chin Wen; Hooi, Tan Siow

2014-06-01

355

Non-communicable diseases in the Arab world.  

PubMed

According to the results of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010, the burden of non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic lung diseases, and diabetes) in the Arab world has increased, with variations between countries of different income levels. Behavioural risk factors, including tobacco use, unhealthy diets, and physical inactivity are prevalent, and obesity in adults and children has reached an alarming level. Despite epidemiological evidence, the policy response to non-communicable diseases has been weak. So far, Arab governments have not placed a sufficiently high priority on addressing the high prevalence of non-communicable diseases, with variations in policies between countries and overall weak implementation. Cost-effective and evidence-based prevention and treatment interventions have already been identified. The implementation of these interventions, beginning with immediate action on salt reduction and stricter implementation of tobacco control measures, will address the rise in major risk factors. Implementation of an effective response to the non-communicable-disease crisis will need political commitment, multisectoral action, strengthened health systems, and continuous monitoring and assessment of progress. Arab governments should be held accountable for their UN commitments to address the crisis. Engagement in the global monitoring framework for non-communicable diseases should promote accountability for effective action. The human and economic burden leaves no room for inaction. PMID:24452044

Rahim, Hanan F Abdul; Sibai, Abla; Khader, Yousef; Hwalla, Nahla; Fadhil, Ibtihal; Alsiyabi, Huda; Mataria, Awad; Mendis, Shanthi; Mokdad, Ali H; Husseini, Abdullatif

2014-01-25

356

Crisis Management and Media Relations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests guidelines for college administrators who deal with the media. Discusses social responsibility theory and presents suggestions for student affairs personnel in planning for crisis communication. Stresses the need for accurate, honest information which doesn't compromise the institution legally. (JAC)

Jones, James V., Jr.

1983-01-01

357

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis  

E-print Network

Aging in Utah: Avoid Crisis Maximize Opportunity UTAH COMMISSION ON AGING Annual Report 2010-2011 #12;Page 1Utah Commission on Aging 2010-2011 Interim Report The Commission's statutory purpose is to: a. increase public and government understanding of the current and future needs of the state's aging

Tipple, Brett

358

Owl Pellets and Crisis Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a press conference that was used as a "teachable moment" when owl pellets being used for instructional purposes were found to be contaminated with Salmonella. The incident highlighted the need for safe handling of owl pellets, having a crisis management plan, and the importance of conveying accurate information to concerned parents.…

Anderson, Tom

2002-01-01

359

Folk Heritage Collections in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Folklore Society and the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress collaborated on a conference, "Folk Heritage Collections in Crisis," held on December 1-2, 2000, and gathered experts to formulate recommendations for the preservation and access of America's folk heritage sound collections. To facilitate informed discussion…

Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

360

Systematics and the biodiversity crisis  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the importance of systematics in evaluating the global biodiversity crisis. Topics covered include the following: what systematic biology is; the diversity of species and higher taxa; biodiversity undersiege; systematics and conservation; systematics and global climatic change. 28 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Savage, J.M. [Univ. of Miami, Coral Gables, FL (United States)

1995-11-01

361

Crisis and diagnosis: Infantile autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines a theoretical model for presenting diagnoses to parents of autistic children. The model is based on crisis theory. Actual professional practice, as determined by interviews with the parents of 22 autistic children of various ages, is compared with the theoretical model. This, study demonstrated that professional practice did not seem to have given adequate recognition to mourning

Margaret Bonnefil

1976-01-01

362

The Crisis in Extramural Funding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When "crisis" and "extramural funding" are mentioned, most academics think about problems such as the low percentage of proposals funded by federal agencies (now approaching single digits in many fields) or inadequate indirect-cost recovery rates that fail to reimburse universities for all costs of research. These are great problems draining…

Norris, Joel

2011-01-01

363

The New York School Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This analysis of the educational crisis in New York City schools discusses some characteristics of de facto segregation in ghetto schools, the social background of Negro slum children, and the failure of teachers and curriculum to educate these students. A large portion of the article traces the various Board of Education attempts to integrate the…

Larner, Jeremy

364

California Faces a Curriculum Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School administrators in California are getting greater flexibility in how they spend more than $300 million intended for instructional materials, along with encouragement to use some free digital textbooks for high school courses, as a result of cost-cutting measures brought on by the state's budget crisis. Extensive changes to the state's…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy

2009-01-01

365

The Crisis of the Professoriate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The status of the academic profession is discussed: its ambivalent situation of having benefitted from postwar expansion of higher education, but of having been content to maintain the status quo. The worldwide nature of the crisis is noted. Available from AAPSS, 3937 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19104. (MSE)

Altbach, Philip G.

1980-01-01

366

Reflections on the energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the energy crisis began to unfold some 16 years ago, the federal government took a series of steps with the aim of reducing our dependence on oil imports, reducing our use of energy without damage to the economy, and increasing the domestic supply of fuels and alternative energy sources. Reviewing the history of the past 16 years, one finds

Auer

1989-01-01

367

Hungry Kids: The Solvable Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The numbers speak for themselves in terms of the crisis of hunger among kids in the United States: More than 16 million children--one in five--live in households that struggle to put food on the table. Nearly half of all food stamp recipients are children. But, argues Felling, the battle against childhood hunger can be won; the United States has…

Felling, Christy

2013-01-01

368

Education for Today's Ecological Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the university's role in providing education for the ecological crisis, and divides environmental sciences into two major areas: basic and applied. Proposes a curriculum leading to a B.S. degree in physics consisting of a two-year honor physics program followed by specialization in environmental and planetary sciences (EPS). (PR)

Singer, S. Fred

1970-01-01

369

The Global Energy Crisis: Today and Tomorrow. Developing Proactive Action Student Awareness and Understanding About Finite Fuels and Alternative Energy Sources in a Global Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background information and a teaching strategy are provided to help students better understand the global energy crisis and learn to take action. An overview of the energy crisis includes a discussion of the unequal distribution of natural resources throughout the world, the finite nature of fossil fuels, and problems associated with the depletion…

Peters, Richard O.

370

Using Internet Primary Sources To Teach Critical Thinking Skills in Government, Economics, and Contemporary World Issues. Greenwood Professional Guides in School Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers of political science, social studies, and economics, as well as school library media specialists, will find this resource guide invaluable for incorporating the Internet into their classroom lessons. The guide references over 150 primary Web sites and pairs them with questions and activities designed to encourage critical thinking skills.…

Shiveley, James M.; VanFossen, Phillip J.

371

Education for Economic Growth or Human Development? the Capabilities Approach and the World Bank's Basic Education Project in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Turkey's recent development plans suggest that, according to state planners, development is no longer identified with, achieved through or measured by economic growth. These documents evince that Turkey has embraced what is referred to as the capability approach. What remains unclear is whether this embrace is substantive or rhetorical. This…

McClure, Kevin R.

2014-01-01

372

Environmental mutagenesis during the end-Permian ecological crisis.  

PubMed

During the end-Permian ecological crisis, terrestrial ecosystems experienced preferential dieback of woody vegetation. Across the world, surviving herbaceous lycopsids played a pioneering role in repopulating deforested terrain. We document that the microspores of these lycopsids were regularly released in unseparated tetrads indicative of failure to complete the normal process of spore development. Although involvement of mutation has long been hinted at or proposed in theory, this finding provides concrete evidence for chronic environmental mutagenesis at the time of global ecological crisis. Prolonged exposure to enhanced UV radiation could account satisfactorily for a worldwide increase in land plant mutation. At the end of the Permian, a period of raised UV stress may have been the consequence of severe disruption of the stratospheric ozone balance by excessive emission of hydrothermal organohalogens in the vast area of Siberian Traps volcanism. PMID:15282373

Visscher, Henk; Looy, Cindy V; Collinson, Margaret E; Brinkhuis, Henk; van Konijnenburg-van Cittert, Johanna H A; Kürschner, Wolfram M; Sephton, Mark A

2004-08-31

373

The Mission of the University in Economic Development and Environmental Preservation: Management of Local and Regional Resources in an Interdependent World System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This presentation reviews the key dimensions of the environment problem and estimates the probable costs of arresting future environmental damage by expenditures to be undertaken in support of sustainable development during the decade of the 90s. It deals with the problem of pursuing a minimum "socially necessary" growth rate in the world economy…

Jayawardena, Lal

374

Kosovo Crisis Continues  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News discusses the escalating violence in Kosovo and the world's reactions. The ten resources discussed offer commentary, analysis, and news from a variety of political and cultural viewpoints. Despite recent US-led efforts to convince Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic to pursue a political solution in the Yugoslav province of Kosovo, the situation there seems more volatile than ever. A recent large-scale offensive against the ethnic Albanian separatist Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) has forced thousands from their homes and brought universal condemnation on Serbia. In defiance of world opinion and the threat of international intervention Milosevic has begun a renewed campaign to wipe out the separatist movement. Numerous villages have been shelled and razed, mostly in the border region with Albania, in an attempt to deny the KLA supplies and reinforcements. This policy has not only solidified support for the KLA within Kosovo, but also threatens to bring in Albania and Macedonia, creating another Balkan war. NATO and Yugoslavia's European neighbors have demanded an end to the offensive and renewed sanctions against Serbia, but opinion is still divided over the possibility of military action. Unlike Bosnia, Kosovo is not recognized as an independent political entity. Some nations, particularly Russia, are extremely wary of setting a precedent of intervention in an "internal" situation. Others, notably Britain, have argued that the experience of Bosnia highlights both the high cost of delay and the efficacy of a strong show of force. A recent NATO air exercise in Albania and Macedonia is a first step towards such a show of force, but clearly a small one. The next few weeks will be critical not only for the citizens of Kosovo, but also for the evolution of NATO from a self-defense organization into a protector of democracy and peace in Europe.

de Nie, Michael Willem.

375

14.731 Economic History, Fall 2003  

E-print Network

A survey of world economic history, designed to introduce economics graduate students to the subject matter and methodology of economic history. Topics chosen to show a wide variety of historical experience and illuminate ...

Temin, Peter

376

Impact of Global Financial Crisis on IDB Member Countries: The Case of Gulf Cooperation Council and Sub-Saharan Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

2008 was a challenging year for the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) Group as well as its member countries because of unprecedented crises (food, energy, financial and economic crises). In particular, the ongoing global financial and economic crisis is source of concern for the IDB Group because of the magnitude of its impact on member countries. The banking sector faced unexpected

Zafar Iqbal

2008-01-01

377

On Measures of Promoting Independent Innovation of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Context of Financial Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of financial crisis, to strengthen the capacity of independent innovation of small- and medium-sized enterprises, is an important channel of getting rid of economic dilemma and reviving fast economic development. To improve the capacity of independent innovation of small- and medium-sized enterprises, it is imperative to solve three problems as inadequate motivation, poor environment & unhealthy system

Hu Yu-Chen

2009-01-01

378

Theorizing Religion in a Globalizing World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on the globalization theories proposed by Zygmunt Bauman, Ulrich Beck, and Manuel Castells, this article examines the contemporary significance of religious ideas, practises, and discourses. We show that novel patterns of social stratification, identity construction, economic polarization, and the impact of the alleged postmodern ‘crisis’ on the modern paradigm of science provide the context to the manifold contemporary resurgence

Christian Karner; Alan Aldridge

2004-01-01

379

The Simple Analytics of Monetary Policy: A Post-Crisis Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The standard workhorse models of monetary policy now commonly in use, both for teaching macro-economics to students and for supporting policymaking within many central banks, are incapable of incorporating the most widely accepted accounts of how the 2007-9 financial crisis occurred and are incapable too of analyzing the actions that monetary…

Friedman, Benjamin M.

2013-01-01

380

The transformation of human resource management in Indonesian state-owned enterprises since the Asian Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indonesia is facing a rapid institutional change arising from the 1997 Asian Crisis, and state-owned enterprises (SOEs) were forced to undertake a transformation to survive in the increasing market competition and to revive their roles as the engine of economic growth. This included measures to tackle the increasingly vital human-related issues, namely human resource management (HRM). This research focuses on

Sari Sitalaksmi; Ying Zhu

2010-01-01

381

In a Time of Crisis, Colleges Ought to Be Making History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The still-unfolding economic crisis is bigger, more fundamental, and for good or ill, transformational for all of society. Yet the reaction in higher education has been, for the most part, strikingly timid. The timidity could be especially harmful considering all the challenges colleges already face, including the coming demographic shifts in the…

Blumenstyk, Goldie

2009-01-01

382

Resource Economics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resource Economics is a text for students with a background in calculus, intermediate microeconomics, and a familiarity with the spreadsheet software Excel. The book covers basic concepts, shows how to set up spreadsheets to solve dynamic allocation problems, and presents economic models for fisheries, forestry, nonrenewable resources, stock pollutants, option value, and sustainable development. Within the text, numerical examples are posed and solved using Excel's Solver. These problems help make concepts operational, develop economic intuition, and serve as a bridge to the study of real-world problems of resource management. Through these examples and additional exercises at the end of Chapters 1 to 8, students can make dynamic models operational, develop their economic intuition, and learn how to set up spreadsheets for the simulation of optimization of resource and environmental systems. Book is unique in its use of spreadsheet software (Excel) to solve dynamic allocation problems Conrad is co-author of a previous book for the Press on the subject for graduate students Approach is extremely student-friendly; gives students the tools to apply research results to actual environmental issues

Conrad, Jon M.

2000-01-01

383

Economic Overview, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an overview of economic trends and their effect on labor market training needs in Saskatchewan. Following a brief introduction, part 2 provides an overview of international economic trends, including data on world demographics, while part 3 examines the Canadian economy, focusing on job stability and the employment of…

Saskatchewan Inst. of Applied Science and Technology, Saskatoon.

384

Amos World Testing System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

AmosWorld Testing System is developed by Orley M. Amos, Jr., Professor of Economics at Oklahoma State University. The testing system allows users to retrieve up to ten multiple choice questions on various economics topics. Among the topics covered are scarcity, business cycles, GDP, money and unemployment. After the users have answered the multiple choice questions, the testing system will notify the users which of the questions were answered correctly. The site does not provide the correct answer for incorrect choices, however.

Amos, Orley M., 1954-.

1997-01-01

385

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Conceived by the University of Ghent, Belgium, the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics Website is a broad-based collection of resources pertaining to economic and legal issues throughout the world. Showcasing a comprehensive index of searchable bibliographic resources, this site also includes abstracts of recent law and economics reviews. The hefty Law and Economics Web Resources section features working papers, bibliographies, and mailing lists. In addition, the site links to law and economics academic programs, associations, and an array of relevant Websites.

2005-12-15

386

Technology alternatives and the Indian energy crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is pointed out that while the recent concern for the energy crisis resulting from the increase in OPEC oil prices affected the consumption-oriented lifestyle of the urban elite in India, the rural poor have been facing the real energy crisis of surviving on zero-cost non-commercial energy long before 1973. The origins of the recent energy crisis are summarized and

A. K. N. Reddy; K. K. Prasad

1977-01-01

387

Lunar phases and crisis center telephone calls.  

PubMed

The lunar hypothesis, that is, the notion that lunar phases can directly affect human behavior, was tested by time-series analysis of 4,575 crisis center telephone calls (all calls recorded for a 6-month interval). As expected, the lunar hypothesis was not supported. The 28-day lunar cycle accounted for less than 1% of the variance of the frequency of crisis center calls. Also, as hypothesized from an attribution theory framework, crisis center workers reported significantly greater belief in lunar effects than a non-crisis-center-worker comparison group. PMID:2325400

Wilson, J E; Tobacyk, J J

1990-02-01

388

[From war psychiatry to disaster and crisis psychiatry].  

PubMed

Psychiatry has derived much benefit from the combat experience of military medicine. The Allies' military psychiatry during the Second World War established cardinal modes of treatment, such as group therapy, the therapeutic community, and crisis intervention. The principles of field psychiatry consist in that the treatment be administered near the scene of the injury, in an early phase, be of short duration, be focused here and now, and be characterised by prognostic optimism; moreover the victim must retain his group identity. Many of these intervention techniques are now successfully used at disaster and crises in peacetime, e.g. at the recent ferry disaster on the Scandinavian Star. PMID:2367187

Weisaeth, L

1990-01-01

389

Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management  

E-print Network

Understanding Government Contexts in GeoCollaborative Crisis Management Guoray Cai College (GCCM) is facilitated and supported by advanced information technologies in a variety of government government, crisis management, geocollaboration 1. PANEL SUMMARY Extreme crisis events, such as hurricanes

Klippel, Alexander

390

Supervision Experiences of Professional Counselors Providing Crisis Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this phenomenological study, the authors explored supervision experiences of 13 licensed professional counselors in situations requiring crisis counseling. Five themes concerning crisis and supervision were identified from individual interviews. Findings support intensive, immediate crisis supervision and postlicensure clinical supervision.

Dupre, Madeleine; Echterling, Lennis G.; Meixner, Cara; Anderson, Robin; Kielty, Michele

2014-01-01

391

Japan's aging economics.  

PubMed

"Japan's population is aging faster than that of any other country in the world. The unprecedented increase in retirees relative to the size of Japan's work force will force radical change if the nation is to avoid a fiscal crisis, or worse. These seemingly innocent demographic changes will force Japan to shrink its famously high savings rate, reverse its proud trade surplus, send more industry overseas, liberalize its tightly controlled markets, and take on a more active, high-profile foreign policy. Ultimately, these changes will shift the balance of power in East Asia." PMID:12293422

Ezrati, M

1997-01-01

392

From Crisis to Transition: The State of Russian Science Based on Focus Groups with Nuclear Physicists  

SciTech Connect

The collapse of the Soviet system led to a sharp contraction of state funding for science. Formerly privileged scientists suddenly confronted miserly salaries (often paid late), plummeting social prestige, deteriorating research facilities and equipment, and few prospects for improvement. Many departed the field of science for more lucrative opportunities, both within Russia and abroad. The number of inventions, patent applications, and publications by Russian scientists declined. Reports of desperate nuclear physicists seeking work as tram operators and conducting hunger strikes dramatized the rapid collapse of one of the contemporary world's most successful scientific establishments. Even more alarming was the 1996 suicide of Vladimir Nechai, director of the second largest nuclear research center in Russia (Chelyabinsk-70, now known as Snezhinsk). Nechai, a respected theoretical physicist who spent almost 40 years working on Soviet and Russian nuclear programs, killed himself because he could no longer endure his inability to rectify a situation in which his employees had not been paid for more than 5 months and were ''close to starvation.'' The travails of Russia's scientists sparked interest in the West primarily because of the security threat posed by their situation. The seemingly relentless crisis in science raised fears that disgruntled scientists might sell their nuclear weapons expertise to countries or organizations that harbor hostile intentions toward the United States. Such concerns are particularly pressing in the wake of the September 2001 terrorist attacks in the US. At the same time, we should not overlook other critical implications that the state of Russian science has for Russia's long-term economic and political development. It is in the West's interest to see Russia develop a thriving market economy and stable democracy. A successful scientific community can help on both counts. Science and technology can attract foreign investment and fuel renewed economic progress in Russia. Russian scientists could also be an important source of support for democratic norms: sociologists of science have long argued that scientists tend to support democracy because it provides them with the freedom in which their research can flourish. At the same time, a more recent study suggests that funding shortages may override the researcher's need for freedom and drive scientists to align themselves with the economic policies espoused by Nationalists and Communists in order to survive. Therefore, much turns on the question: ''What is the state of science in Russia today?'' The good news is that focus group interviews with Russian nuclear physicists conducted in October 2001 suggest that the ''science in crisis'' image is one-sided and misleading. Though scientists still complained about low salaries, lack of respect in society, and other similar issues, the participants in the focus groups also expressed positive sentiments about recent changes in the field of science. To be sure, the financing of science remains at a considerably lower level than during the heyday of Soviet times. Yet, it is now possible to earn a decent living as a scientist because of the greater availability of foreign and domestic grants and contracts. In addition, state funding has stabilized over the past few years. Thus, it is more accurate to say that Russian science is in a state of transition rather than in a state of crisis.

Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

2001-12-09

393

Ukraine: Crisis on the Basis of Vague Economic Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

For Ukraine, 1993 was a year of major socioeconomic disappointments. Favorable initial prerequisites for the creation of an independent economy immediately after the attainment of political independence that were actively supported in the West were assumed but did not materialize. Moreover, the hopes connected with this were ultimately dashed by the continuous decline of production and the disintegration of the

A. Sekarev

1995-01-01

394

Is The Water Shortage Crisis Really One of the Most Dangerous?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Author of the 1998 book, Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity, Dr. Sandra Postel predicts big water availability problems as populations of so-called “water-stressed” countries jump perhaps six fold over the next 30 years. The author has reported on this in his previous AGU presentations. In the next four decades, more than half of the world’s population will have to deal with sever water shortages. The United States has been blessed with several large fresh water lakes. In spite of having this fresh water supply, some states like Arizona could be facing sever fresh water shortages in the next couple of decades. Sid Wilson, general manager of the Central Arizona Project has indicated "It's not a question of if there is a water shortage anymore. It is in reality, when there will be a water shortage. " Several states share water from the Colorado river. The river has limited water supply to cater to the needs of Arizona, Nevada, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. World Health Organization, NASA, Department of the Interior, NOAA and several organizations have observed that there is a real water shortage crisis. This is because the world’s population has tripled in the twentieth century. This has resulted in a six-fold increase of water usage. Fresh water supply is limited. This is because water cannot be replaced with an alternative. It is important to observe that petroleum can be replaced with alternative fuel resources. It is necessary to recognize that fact that irrigation necessitates almost 65% to 70% of water withdrawal. Industry may utilize about 20% and domestic consumption is about 10% Evaporation from reservoirs is also a major factor, depending upon the climate and environment. Therefore there is an urgent need for all the countries to establish a strong, sound, sensible and sustainable management program for utilizing the available water supplies efficiently (Narayanan, 2008). References: Narayanan, Mysore. (2008). Hydrology, Water Scarcity and Market Economics. 68th AGU International Conference. Eos Transactions: American Geophysical Union, Vol. 89, No. 53, Fall Meeting Supplement, 2009. H11E - 0801. Postel, Sandra L. The Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. New York: W. W. Norton and Company. 1997. Falkenmark, M.J. and Rockström, J. (2004). Balancing Water For Humans and Nature. Sterling, VA. Earthscan. Giordano, M. (2006) Agricultural Groundwater Use and Rural Livelihoods Journal of Hydrogeology. 14, 310 - 318. Allan, J.A. (2003). Virtual Water. Useful Concept or Misleading Metaphor? Water International. 28, 4-11. Vörsömarty, C.J., Douglas, E.M., Green, P.A. and Revenga, C. 2005. Geospatial Indicators of Energing Water Stress. Ambio, 34. 230-236.

Narayanan, M.

2010-12-01

395

Leaving Home: Crisis and Opportunity  

PubMed Central

“Gaudeamus igitur, juvenes dum sumus!” Young people have not quite completed the developmental tasks of adolescence by the time they leave home to attend university. Geographical separation from family offers an opportunity for learning and personal growth, with the ultimate objective the acquisition of an education in the broadest sense of the word. University life with its peer pressures and academic stresses offers its own challenges and rewards. Unless there is close co-operation between family doctors and student-health physicians, the medical care of young adults degenerates into crisis management with loss of all the benefits of continuity of care. PMID:21267231

McSherry, James

1986-01-01

396

Crisis stability during a transition to a deterrence posture reliant on defenses  

SciTech Connect

Issues about the crisis stability during the transition from the present offensive weapon dominated world to one where deterrence is based on competent defenses are discussed. A simple model of a nuclear exchange is introduced and used to highlight the importance making offensive forces survivable before the deployment of wide area defenses. A simple rule is suggested how to build-up area defenses so as to prevent dominance by either side and incentives to strike first in the event of the crisis. 1 ref., 12 figs.

Chrzanowski, P.L.

1985-10-31

397

Children in the World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of charts documents the current situation of children in the less developed regions of the world. Data on population distribution by age and sex, urban growth, social and economic conditions, life expectancy, mortality, health and disease, nutrition, medical care, education, youth participation in the labor force of selected countries…

McHale, Magda Cordell; And Others

398

Eastern's Employee Communication Crisis: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores communication behaviors and reactions of employees during crisis periods, using a qualitative case study of Eastern Airlines pilots. Finds that useful theories for crisis communication can be developed only after sufficient inquiry into the communication needs and behaviors of message receivers. (MS)

Saunders, Martha

1988-01-01

399

Crisis and Loss: Information for Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a crisis, parents can do a great deal to help their child deal with grief and anxiety. This special issue provides information and promising practices that might be helpful in dealing with various crisis situations. Provides the following articles: (1) "Children Killing Children" (Kevin Dwyer); (2) "Disaster: Helping Children Cope" (Debbie…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

400

The Leading Edge: Enduring a Campus Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On June 2003, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) faced a frightening crisis when an employee was diagnosed with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). In this article, the author looks back and identifies four factors that enabled the university to navigate this crisis. These factors were: (1) leadership at every level; (2)…

Moeser, James

2003-01-01

401

Crisis communications between superpowers. Individual study project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ever since the United States and the Soviet Union first possessed the ability to destroy each other with nuclear weapons, they have been looking at means to defuse crisis situations and avoid inadvertent nuclear warfare. One of the means that evolved was the Washington-Moscow Hotline, put into operation on August 31, 1963. This was the first crisis communications system, ever,

1990-01-01

402

Crisis and Loss: Information for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Crisis intervention is a vital component of any comprehensive approach to maintaining psychological well being. An active school-based crisis intervention team can make a powerful contribution to a school's sense of community and commitment to taking care of each other. This special edition presents promising practices that may be helpful to…

Canter, Andrea, Ed.

1999-01-01

403

Crisis Management's New Role in Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From natural disasters to the financial debacle, it is clear to the educational community that crises know no boundaries. Far from a passing fad, crisis planning must be an integrated part of effective school district leadership. Two studies explore the status of crisis management in selected public school systems and offer recommendations for…

Gainey, Barbara S.

2009-01-01

404

Crisis Analysis: Between Normalization and Avoidance  

Microsoft Academic Search

French social science research on crisis has experienced strong evolutions over the past twenty years. Attention shifted from problems that the authorities had in managing industrial accidents and natural disasters, transportation accidents, to crisis associated with the idea of an ‘affair’ or ‘scandal’ (contaminated blood affair, asbestos issue) and to collective risks characterized by a high level of uncertainty and

Claude Gilbert

2007-01-01

405

Toyota in crisis: denial and mismanagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to address the importance of effective crisis management, and the commensurate lessons to be learned from the Toyota Corporation's denial of malfunctions on a number of different Toyota brands of vehicles during the period 2007-2010. The case analysis identifies key opportunities the Toyota Corporation had to minimize the crisis by acknowledging the

Victor L. Heller; John R. Darling

2011-01-01

406

The Midlife Crisis and Educational Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following a brief summary of research relating to midlife crisis, a theory of the midlife crisis is presented that is based on the philosophical insights of Plato and Heidegger: The emotional pain at midlife is associated with a collapse of a person's ontic field (relationships with others, to things, and to institutions) or a stagnation of a…

McKenzie, Leon

407

Responding to crisis through strategic knowledge management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Many managers would like to take a strategic approach to preparing the organisation to avoid impending crisis but instead find themselves fire-fighting to mitigate its impact. This paper seeks to examine an organisation which made major strategic changes in order to respond to the full effect of a crisis which would be realised over a two to three

Duncan Shaw; Matthew Hall; John S. Edwards; Brad Baker

2007-01-01

408

CSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis  

E-print Network

CSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? James Bushnell November 2003.ucei.org #12;California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? November 2003 James Bushnell1 Abstract, a flawed market design, and the venality of electricity producers. However, many of these attributes were

California at Berkeley. University of

409

Rape Crisis Centers: Progress and Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on the crisis and aftermath, particularly the psychological effects of rape. Discusses findings from a national survey of rape crisis centers. Data was gathered in order to identify the nature and extent of services provided, determine number of rape victims treated, and understand problems confronted by service providers.…

King, H. Elizabeth; Webb, Carol

1981-01-01

410

School Crisis Aftermath: Care for the Caregivers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Professional" crisis caregivers (e.g., emergency responders, mental health providers, medical professionals, victim assistance counselors, and faith leaders) are trained to handle exposure to images of destruction and loss and to help victims or survivors cope with the impact of a crisis. They try to help individuals, schools, and communities…

Paine, Cathy Kennedy

2009-01-01

411

Forum on Economic Freedom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Forum on Economic Freedom web site was developed by the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) to build and strengthen democracy around the world through promoting private enterprise. The highlight of the site is Economic Reform Today, a journal published by CIPE to help educate policymakers on successful economic strategies. Recent issues have focused on challenges for policymakers in new democracies, globalization, reshaping government and market solutions to social issues. Other resources available include materials from CIPE "Central and Eastern Europe: Economic Policy Roundtables" and "Women in Business" programs.

412

Economic Hard Times and Electronic Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Library school courses focusing on management and budgeting are as important as ever, as are continuing education opportunities for librarians who may not have encountered a severe economic recession. The journal crisis of the 1990s is still a fresh and unpleasant memory for many. However, for other librarians who may have graduated from library…

Grogg, Jill E.

2009-01-01

413

The impact of New York City's 1975 fiscal crisis on the tuberculosis, HIV, and homicide syndemic.  

PubMed

In 1975, New York City experienced a fiscal crisis rooted in long-term political and economic changes in the city. Budget and policy decisions designed to alleviate this fiscal crisis contributed to the subsequent epidemics of tuberculosis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and homicide in New York City. Because these conditions share underlying social determinants, we consider them a syndemic, i.e., all 3 combined to create an excess disease burden on the population. Cuts in services; the dismantling of health, public safety, and social service infrastructures; and the deterioration of living conditions for vulnerable populations contributed to the amplification of these health conditions over 2 decades. We estimate that the costs incurred in controlling these epidemics exceeded 50 billion US dollars (in 2004 dollars); in contrast, the overall budgetary saving during the fiscal crisis was 10 billion US dollars. This history has implications for public health professionals who must respond to current perceptions of local fiscal crises. PMID:16449588

Freudenberg, Nicholas; Fahs, Marianne; Galea, Sandro; Greenberg, Andrew

2006-03-01

414

The Role Institutional Research Plays in Navigating the Current Economic Uncertainty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nationally, state spending for public higher education has been declining as a proportion of state general fund expenditures. Traditionally state-appropriated budgets for public colleges and universities tend to be cut during times of economic crisis, but often these funds are not always restored once the crisis has passed. As a result "the…

Worley, Mary Beth

2008-01-01

415

The 2010 State New Economy Index: Benchmarking Economic Transformation in the States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While every state continues to experience the impacts of the economic downturn and resulting recession, it will be many years before people understand the full nature and causes of the financial crisis. But it appears that one of the contributing factors to both the crisis and the anemic nature of the recovery has been the weakened position of the…

Atkinson, Robert D.; Andes, Scott

2010-01-01

416

Communicability and Communities in Complex Socio-Economic Networks  

E-print Network

-8505, Japan Abstract The concept of communicability is introduced for complex socio-economic net- works of metal.' We determine the community structure of this network showing that there are 27 communities by these critical situations, i.e., economical crisis. These weakest links are clearly identified and represent

Mottram, Nigel

417

Data access systems in the real world: How distributed environmental and socio-economic data from the Dutch Wadden Sea are being integrated and made accessible through one portal, using the SeaDataNet infrastructure as a basis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Wadden Sea, an UNESCO World Heritage Site along the Northern coasts of The Netherlands, Germany and Denmark, is a very valuable, yet also highly vulnerable tidal flats area. It is noted for its ecological diversity and value, being a stopover for large numbers of migrating birds. The Wadden Sea is also used intensively for economic activities by inhabitants of the surrounding coasts and islands, as well as by the many tourists visiting the area every year. A whole series of monitoring programmes of both ecological and socio-economic parameters is carried out by a range of governmental bodies and institutes, to study the natural processes occuring in the Wadden Sea ecosystems as well as the influence of human activities on those ecosystems. Yet, the monitoring programmes are scattered and it is difficult to get an overview of those monitoring activities or to get access to the data resulting from those monitoring programmes. The Wadden Sea Long Term Ecosystem Research (WaLTER) project aims to: 1. Provide access through one data portal to a base set of consistent, standardized, long-term data on changes in the Wadden Sea ecological and socio-economic systems, in order to model and understand interrelationships with human use, climate variation and possible other drivers. 2. Provide a research infrastructure, open access to commonly shared databases, educational facilities and one or more field sites in which experimental, innovative and process-driven research can be carried out. This presentation will, after a short introduction of the WaLTER-project (2011-2015), focus on the distributed data access infrastructure which is being developed and used for WaLTER. This is based on and makes use of the existing data access infrastructure of the Netherlands National Oceanographic Data Committee (NL-NODC), which has been operational since early 2009. The NL-NODC system is identical to and in fact developed by the European SeaDataNet project, furthering standardisation on a pan-European scale. The WaLTER data portal will provide a centralized overview of all relevant Wadden Sea data, both from environmental as well as socio-economic disciplines and it will provide access to a system of distributed data sources. Much emphasis is given to address the different needs of various groups of users, such as policy makers, scientists and the general public. Benefits and pitfalls (and ways to circumvent the latter) of using this infrastructure with data from widely different disciplines will be addressed.

De Bruin, T.; Thijsse, P.

2013-12-01

418

Ethnography in a Virtual World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article situates the discussion of virtual ethnography within the larger political/economic changes of twenty-first century consumer capitalism and suggests that increasingly our entire social world is a virtual world and that there were very particular utopian and dystopian framings of virtual community growing out of that history. The…

Shumar, Wesley; Madison, Nora

2013-01-01

419

Hunger: The World's Oldest Sorrow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No human problem is older than starvation. Authorities agree that poverty and unequal distribution of resources are the basic causes of hunger. The hungry are ignored by the world because they have no political power and even less economic strength. How to build a world without hunger is discussed. (RM)

Miller, Judith; Miller, Mark

1985-01-01

420

Relationship of suicide rates to economic variables in Europe: 2000-2011.  

PubMed

Background It is unclear whether there is a direct link between economic crises and changes in suicide rates. Aims The Lopez-Ibor Foundation launched an initiative to study the possible impact of the economic crisis on European suicide rates. Method Data was gathered and analysed from 29 European countries and included the number of deaths by suicide in men and women, the unemployment rate, the gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, the annual economic growth rate and inflation. Results There was a strong correlation between suicide rates and all economic indices except GPD per capita in men but only a correlation with unemployment in women. However, the increase in suicide rates occurred several months before the economic crisis emerged. Conclusions Overall, this study confirms a general relationship between the economic environment and suicide rates; however, it does not support there being a clear causal relationship between the current economic crisis and an increase in the suicide rate. PMID:25359926

Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N; Kawohl, Wolfram; Theodorakis, Pavlos N; Kerkhof, Ad J F M; Navickas, Alvydas; Höschl, Cyril; Lecic-Tosevski, Dusica; Sorel, Eliot; Rancans, Elmars; Palova, Eva; Juckel, Georg; Isacsson, Goran; Jagodic, Helena Korosec; Botezat-Antonescu, Ileana; Warnke, Ingeborg; Rybakowski, Janusz; Azorin, Jean Michel; Cookson, John; Waddington, John; Pregelj, Peter; Demyttenaere, Koen; Hranov, Luchezar G; Stevovic, Lidija Injac; Pezawas, Lucas; Adida, Marc; Figuera, Maria Luisa; Pompili, Maurizio; Jakovljevi?, Miro; Vichi, Monica; Perugi, Giulio; Andrasen, Ole; Vukovic, Olivera; Mavrogiorgou, Paraskevi; Varnik, Peeter; Bech, Per; Dome, Peter; Winkler, Petr; Salokangas, Raimo K R; From, Tiina; Danileviciute, Vita; Gonda, Xenia; Rihmer, Zoltan; Benhalima, Jonas Forsman; Grady, Anne; Leadholm, Anne Katrine Kloster; Soendergaard, Susan; Nordt, Carlos; Lopez-Ibor, Juan

2014-12-01

421

Application of oral history to economics: Family Economic History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Application of Oral History to Economics: Family Economic History The assignment will connect an oral history approach to the examination of economic concepts such as opportunity cost of attending school, economic crises (inflation and unemployment, etc.), and standard of living over time. Particularly, students will interview parents, grandparents, or family members from older generations regarding the types of work they performed, economic decisions they have made, and the economic conditions while they were growing up. The project develops a student's ability to understand and integrate these concepts from a variety of perspectives and real world situation.

Manijeh Sabi

422

Communicating through Crisis: A Strategy for Organizational Survival.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that crisis communication should be a part of the larger issues of communication policy and strategy. Builds a case for the need to consider crisis communication in a larger context. Proposes a model of crisis communication content that may serve as a framework for research into the efficacy of communication during crisis episodes. (RS)

Sturges, David L.

1994-01-01

423

The World Bank New Discourse and the 1999 Education Sector Strategy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The climate of growing dissatisfaction in the developing world seems to have led to some changes in the World Bank's main discourse. The current World Bank president, James Wolfensohn, pointed out the existence of a "human crisis," besides the overemphasized financial one. He proposed a new development framework taking into account the widening…

de Siqueira, Angela C.

424

Monetary Policy Strategy: Lessons from the Crisis  

E-print Network

This paper examines what we have learned about monetary policy strategy and considers how we should change our thinking in this regard in the aftermath of the 2007-09 financial crisis. It starts with a discussion of where the science of monetary policy stood before the crisis and how central banks viewed monetary policy strategy. It then examines how the crisis has changed the thinking of both macro/monetary economists and central bankers. Finally, it looks at the extent to which the science of monetary policy needs to be altered and draws implications for monetary policy strategy. 1

S. Mishkin; Graduate School; Of Business

2010-01-01

425

World Bank: Global Challenges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank works to combat poverty and to increase development opportunities around the world, but they also have selected six strategic themes that focus in on global development. First-time visitors to the site can listen to World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick talk about these themes, and they may also wish to follow along with the accompanying slideshow. Themes include global public goods, the Arab world, and middle-income countries. By clicking on one of these themes, visitors can read comprehensive reports, working papers, or take a look at presentations that explore these areas in greater detail. Many of these information sources are contained within a "Highlights" area. Visitors with a penchant for economic development, international political economy, or international affairs will find this site very useful. It's also easy to see how these materials might be used in a classroom setting to spark discussion or debate about some of these very timely matters.

426

World Bank Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Bank has a number of specialized units designed to perform research in order to allow the organization to make informed policy decisions throughout the world. This website happens to provide information on the World Bank Institute, which effectively serves as the capacity development arm of the Bank and also "helps countries share and apply global and local knowledge to meet development challenges". On the Institute's site, visitors can find out about its various programs, which include work on preventing HIV/AIDS risk in the Balkans and scholarships designed to promote knowledge sharing and capacity building in the developing world. Visitors will want to pay close attention to the Publications area, as they may view or download working papers from a wide range of topics, including energy policy, labor force development, and development economics.

427

World Health Report 1999  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The World Health Organization (WHO) released their 1999 report on the state of the World's Health. Citing successes in the decline of mortality and an increase in health and economic productivity for much of the world, the report balances its good news with analysis of continuing problems of malnutrition, infectious diseases, tuberculosis, and tobacco use in much of the developing world. Data provided by the report include mortality rates and the burden of disease by country, sex, cause, and WHO region; demographic characteristics of WHO regions; and statistics on infectious and noncommunicable diseases broken down by region, sex, and age. Users may download the report in its entirety (2135K) or chapter-by-chapter.

428

World Bank: Biodiversity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many people are familiar with the World Bank's work in the areas of international finance and economic development, but they may not be aware of their work in the area of biodiversity. The World Bank happens to be the world's largest financier of biodiversity, and their work includes supporting the sustainable use of biodiversity outside protected areas, eradication of alien species, and land conservation. First-time visitors may wish to start their journey through the site by clicking on the "What's New" area. Here they will find reports on biodiversity, the role of indigenous peoples in biodiversity conservation, and a review of the World Bank's conservation projects during the past twenty years. Another way to look through the materials on the site is by using the drop-down menus that read "Topic", "Country", and "Region/Income". Visitors can also read overview statements that cover the Bank's work on biodiversity and poverty, biosafety, and mountain ecosystems.

429

Industrial policy as an engine of economic growth: A framework of analysis and evidence from South Korea (1960–96)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent financial crisis has raised significant questions about liberal free-markets as a mechanism for generating economic growth compared to those economies where there is greater state intervention. This article develops a theoretical framework for economic development that can explain historical changes in both industrial policy and economic growth where the state actively intervenes to direct economic development. The article

Jongseok Lee; Iain Clacher; Kevin Keasey

2012-01-01

430

Preparing for the Next Rung: Economic Restructuring and Educational Reform in Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines new developments in the global and regional economy and the impact of the East Asian economic crisis on Singapore. Assesses changes being made in the Singaporean educational system to meet the demand for skilled labor. (SK)

Gopinathan, S.

1999-01-01

431

K-12 School Leaders and School Crisis: An Exploration of Principals' School Crisis Competencies and Preparedness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On any given day, principals could find themselves faced with a situation that could define their roles as crisis leaders. This dissertation research offers an exploratory study in the field of crisis response and educational leadership. From experts in the field of crisis response, the author compiled a list of crisis management competencies…

McCarty, Sean P.

2012-01-01

432

An Evaluation of Crisis Hotline Outcomes. Part 1: Nonsuicidal Crisis Callers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of telephone crisis services\\/hotlines, examining proximal outcomes as measured by changes in callers' crisis state from the beginning to the end of their calls to eight centers in the U.S. and intermediate outcomes within 3 weeks of their calls, was evaluated. Between March 2003 and July 2004, 1,617 crisis callers were assessed during their calls and 801 (49.5%)

John Kalafat; Madelyn S. Gould; Jimmie Lou Harris Munfakh; Marjorie Kleinman

2007-01-01

433

Crisis management or crisis response system? : A complexity science approach to organizational crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To offer a complexity-informed framework for the design of an effective organizational crisis response system. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A narrative analysis of the crisis response in a hotel chain facing a major food poisoning outbreak, seen from a complexity theory perspective. Data were collected through 17 in-depth interviews of persons involved in the crisis response and through analysis of

Alexandros Paraskevas

2006-01-01

434

World Population  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access and visualize world population data using the user friendly MyWorld GIS software. Data includes total population, population density, projected population, male and female population, and age specific population, etc.

This starting point example compiled by R.M. MacKay. utilizes the MyWorld (more info) Geographic Information System (GIS) software created at Norhtwestern University.

435

Weather and climate socio-economic impacts in Central America for the management and protection of world heritage sites and the Diquis Delta culture in Costa Rica (a case study)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Central America region hosts a valuable amount of World Heritage Sites (WHS), many of them located in areas of floods, landslides, drought, high winds, intense precipitations, and earthquakes. The effective management of WHS requires the understanding of this type of environmental phenomena and their potential impacts on these sites. The objective of this work is twofold. To make an analysis of some of the atmospheric systems (easterly waves, cold fronts and tropical cyclones [TCs]) hitting Central America, to estimate their effects on socio-economic activities and potential impacts on WHS during the period 2002-2012. The second objective is to identify, for a case study, the potential effects of hydro-meteorological events associated with a tropical storm on the Diquis Delta region in southern Costa Rica. This site, an important unique archeological site of stone spheres, has been proposed by this country as a WHS. To achieve both, public data bases like HURDAT (North Atlantic Hurricane Database), and information from regional newspapers and National Emergency Committees, among other sources, were used for the study of socio-economic impacts caused by these natural hazards. To accomplish the latter, course resolution NCEP/NCAR (National Center for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research) Reanalysis atmospheric data served to initialize version 5 of a numerical atmospheric mesoscale model (MM5). This approach permitted to obtain higher resolution gridded data for a set of atmospheric variables for a case study associated with the formation of tropical storm Alma upon the Pacific basin. The MM5 resulted winds and precipitation, among other variables, were then used to evaluate potential impacts on the WHS region. Among the systems analyzed for Central America, TCs were the ones that most severely impacted regional social life and worsened the already weak regional economies. During the period analyzed, TCs affected regions where WHS are very relevant to cultural life and touristic income. The MM5 derived data shows its potential for providing detailed space-time atmospheric data to help quantify and anticipate impacts for WHS protection and management. The overall results are expected to bring the attention of organizations and governments about the importance of socio-economic and cultural losses associated with the impacts caused by natural hazards near WHS in the region.

Amador, J. A.; Alfaro, E. J.

2014-01-01

436

World oil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Results obtained through the application of 10 prominent world oil or world energy models to 12 scenarios are reported. These scenarios were designed to bound the range of likely future world oil market outcomes. Conclusions relate to oil market trends, impacts of policies on oil prices, security of oil supplies, impacts of policies on oil security problems, use of the oil import premium in policymaking, the transition to oil substitutes, and the state of the art of world oil modeling.

Sweeney, J. L.

1982-06-01

437

Higher selection processes in evolutionary economic change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtually all models of economic change are based on a Darwinian picture of a world where change is gradual, smooth, and where economic survival depends on being more efficient. This paper, drawing from current controversies in evolutionary biology, presents a broader interpretation of evolutionary change in which competitive selection is only one possible reason for economic survival. Economic change is

J. M. Gowdy

1992-01-01

438

Welcome to the Real World! In today's world, financial education is crucial; however,  

E-print Network

Welcome to the Real World! Relevance In today's world, financial education is crucial; however challenges awaiting them in the adult world. More than three-quarters of students report that they wish stress or economic stability. Response The Welcome to the Real World! (WTTRW) program consists of two

439

Energy Crisis Spurs Congress Into Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses legislation recently passed by Congress in response to the energy crisis, and the Nixon Administration's proposal for creating a new Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) and a Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC). (JR)

Chemical and Engineering News, 1973

1973-01-01

440

The causality analysis of climate change and large-scale human crisis  

PubMed Central

Recent studies have shown strong temporal correlations between past climate changes and societal crises. However, the specific causal mechanisms underlying this relation have not been addressed. We explored quantitative responses of 14 fine-grained agro-ecological, socioeconomic, and demographic variables to climate fluctuations from A.D. 1500–1800 in Europe. Results show that cooling from A.D. 1560–1660 caused successive agro-ecological, socioeconomic, and demographic catastrophes, leading to the General Crisis of the Seventeenth Century. We identified a set of causal linkages between climate change and human crisis. Using temperature data and climate-driven economic variables, we simulated the alternation of defined “golden” and “dark” ages in Europe and the Northern Hemisphere during the past millennium. Our findings indicate that climate change was the ultimate cause, and climate-driven economic downturn was the direct cause, of large-scale human crises in preindustrial Europe and the Northern Hemisphere. PMID:21969578

Zhang, David D.; Lee, Harry F.; Wang, Cong; Li, Baosheng; Pei, Qing; Zhang, Jane; An, Yulun

2011-01-01

441

Lunar Phases and Crisis Center Telephone Calls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lunar hypothesis, that is, the notion that lunar phases can directly affect human behavior, was tested by time-series analysis of 4,575 crisis center telephone calls (all calls recorded for a 6-month interval). As expected, the lunar hypothesis was not supported. The 28-day lunar cycle accounted for less than 1% of the variance of the frequency of crisis center calls.

James E. Wilson II; Jerome J. Tobacyk

1990-01-01

442

Urbanization eases water crisis in China  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Socioeconomic development in China has resulted in rapid urbanization, which includes a large amount of people making the transition from rural areas to cities. Many have speculated that this mass migration may have worsened the water crisis in many parts of the country. However, this study shows that the water crisis would be more severe if the rural-to-urban migration did not occur.

Wu, Yiping; Liu, Shuguang; Ji, Chen

2012-01-01

443

The crisis of health in a crisis ridden region.  

PubMed

The overall picture of the Arab world today is dire; no Arab country is free from political strife, foreign intervention, or the threat of terrorism. Continuing instability and the failure of national governments to uphold the rule of law and deliver on development are tearing apart the fabric of Arab societies. Internally, Arab regimes' agendas are shaped by security and their makeup by kinship and loyalty, pushing people to seek refuge within their primordial loyalties. From the outside, foreign meddling in the name of "democracy" is deepening the Arab world's instability, therefore providing justification for opponents of change to discredit the values of human rights and power sharing. In such an environment, the voiceless majority becomes the main victims, with detrimental effects on their physical and mental wellbeing. A domino-like breakdown of the Arab region, with serious consequences for world's stability, is becoming an increasingly likely scenario. PMID:19662333

Maziak, Wasim

2009-01-01

444

Timing crisis information release via television.  

PubMed

When and how often to release information on television are important issues in crisis and emergency risk communication. There is a lot of crisis information, including warnings and news, to which people should have access, but most of it is not significantly urgent to interrupt the broadcasting of television programmes. Hence, the right timing for the release of crisis information should be selected based on the importance of the crisis and any associated communication requirements. Using recursive methods, this paper builds an audience coverage model of crisis information release. Based on 2007 Household Using TV (HUT) data for Hefei City, China, the optimal combination of broadcasting sequence (with frequencies between one and eight times) is obtained using the implicit enumeration method. The developed model is applicable to effective transmission of crisis information, with the aim of reducing interference with the normal television transmission process and decreasing the psychological effect on audiences. The same model can be employed for other purposes, such as news coverage and weather and road information. PMID:20572851

Wei, Jiuchang; Zhao, Dingtao; Yang, Feng; Du, Shaofu; Marinova, Dora

2010-10-01

445

The Rise and Fall of Economic History at MIT  

E-print Network

This paper recalls the unity of economics and economics at MIT before the Second World War, and their divergence thereafter. Economic history at MIT reached its peak in the 1970s with three teachers of the subject to ...

Temin, Peter

2013-06-05

446

The Impact of Global Financial Crisis and Policy ResponsesThe Caucasus, Central Asia and Mongolia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global economic crisis of 2008–09 was transmitted to the Caucasus, Central Asia, and Mongolia through the decline in prices of commodity exports and a slowdown in destination countries—principally the Russian Federation—which buy their exports and employ migrant workers. Unlike the other countries, however, Kazakhstan, which is well-integrated into global financial markets, experienced a sudden stop in capital flows in

Pradeep K. Mitra

2010-01-01

447

Terrorism on the Evening News: An Analysis of Coverage of the TWA Hostage Crisis on "NBC Nightly News."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that television network coverage of hostage crises tends to emphasize the same topics while depicting them in similar ways, and that networks may be unwittingly granting legitimacy to terrorist grievances, a study investigated the nature of "NBC Nightly News" coverage of the Trans World Airline (TWA) hostage crisis. Specific questions…

Atwater, Tony

448

EcoWorld: The Global Environmental Community  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

EcoWorld has reference sections on air, water, Earth, plants, trees, animals, and people. There are maps of ozone, information on several environmental projects and campaigns (such as the Mississippi River Restoration Project, and the Wildlands Project), and statistical information on every country. The energy and technology section includes subsections on global energy, the California energy crisis, photovoltaics, fuel cells, and green (low emission) vehicles. There is also a search form for manufacturers of photovoltaics, fuel cells and windmills.

449

Zimbabwe Land Crisis Turns Violent  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This weekend the land crisis in Zimbabwe was marked by violence as one white farmer was killed and two members of the country's opposition party were the victims of a firebombing. In the past week, Zimbabwe veterans of the country's war for independence began occupying prime farmland owned exclusively by whites. These squatters have demanded that land redistribution promised for years by President Mugabe's government be enacted immediately. Mugabe himself, with an eye on upcoming elections in May, has supported the squatters, warning white farmers that he cannot protect them if they "provoke the war veterans." Early Monday, perhaps in response to international pressure, Mugabe modified his position somewhat, promising to maintain peace in the region, but stopping short of telling squatters to vacate the farms. Land reform has been a major issue in the country since it won its independence from Britain. Currently, about 4,500 white farmers own 11 million hectares of prime agricultural land while one million blacks divide 16 million hectares-typically in drought-prone areas. The political situation in the country also worsened with the firebombing death of two prominent members of the country's opposition party, Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). The killings were an ominous sign for the upcoming elections, especially since Mugabe did not condemn the attacks. Diplomats and observers are concerned that the elections next month may be marred by coercion, corruption, and violence. Not surprisingly, many whites in Zimbabwe have recently sought to reclaim their UK passports in possible preparation for fleeing the country.

Charbonneau, David D.

450

Social media in disaster risk reduction and crisis management.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the actual and potential use of social media in emergency, disaster and crisis situations. This is a field that has generated intense interest. It is characterised by a burgeoning but small and very recent literature. In the emergencies field, social media (blogs, messaging, sites such as Facebook, wikis and so on) are used in seven different ways: listening to public debate, monitoring situations, extending emergency response and management, crowd-sourcing and collaborative development, creating social cohesion, furthering causes (including charitable donation) and enhancing research. Appreciation of the positive side of social media is balanced by their potential for negative developments, such as disseminating rumours, undermining authority and promoting terrorist acts. This leads to an examination of the ethics of social media usage in crisis situations. Despite some clearly identifiable risks, for example regarding the violation of privacy, it appears that public consensus on ethics will tend to override unscrupulous attempts to subvert the media. Moreover, social media are a robust means of exposing corruption and malpractice. In synthesis, the widespread adoption and use of social media by members of the public throughout the world heralds a new age in which it is imperative that emergency managers adapt their working practices to the challenge and potential of this development. At the same time, they must heed the ethical warnings and ensure that social media are not abused or misused when crises and emergencies occur. PMID:24306994

Alexander, David E

2014-09-01

451

Expanding the Crisis Planning Function: Introducing Elements of Risk Communication to Crisis Communication Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests use of elements of risk communication by crisis communication practitioners facing increasing industrial reliance on new technologies which might be associated with potential health/environment harm. Studies a small company crisis which reveals that elements of anticipation, public involvement/trust, technological comparison, and media…

Williams, David E.; Olaniran, Bolanle A.

1998-01-01

452

Chaos and Crisis: Propositions for a General Theory of Crisis Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents key concepts of chaos theory (CT) as a general framework for describing organizational crisis and crisis communication. Discusses principles of predictability, sensitive dependence on initial conditions, bifurcation as system breakdown, emergent self-organization, and fractals and strange attractors as principles of organization. Explores…

Seeger, Matthew W.

2002-01-01

453

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David Roche concerns. In order to determine what makes the zombie movie and the figure of the zombie so productive of political readings, this article examines, first, the classic zombie movies influenced by voodoo lore

Boyer, Edmond

454

Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today  

E-print Network

Article Resisting Bodies: Power Crisis / Meaning Crisis in the Zombie Film from 1932 to Today David George A. Romero. Afin de déterminer ce qui, dans le film de zombie et la figure du zombie, permet ces lectures politiques, cet article examine, d'abord, les films de zombie classiques influencés par le vaudou

Boyer, Edmond

455

A Crisis in Counseling: Questioning the Role of Crisis Counselors Within Police Departments.  

PubMed

This essay highlights the author's personal journey through suicide loss and the subsequent police investigation of her spouse's death. Through a recounting of the loss itself, and details of the police interrogation and attempts at crisis counseling, the author demonstrates how current police protocol and crisis counseling initiatives may (re)victimize trauma survivors. PMID:24171477

Jacobs, Angela S

2014-09-01

456

Helping Crisis Managers Protect Reputational Assets: Initial Tests of the Situational Crisis Communication Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains a comprehensive, prescriptive, situational approach for responding to crises and protecting organizational reputation: the situational crisis communication theory (SCCT). Notes undergraduate students read two crisis case studies from a set of 13 cases and responded to questions following the case. Validates a key assumption in SCCT and…

Coombs, W. Timothy; Holladay, Sherry J.

2002-01-01

457

Citizen communications in crisis: anticipating a future of ICT-supported public participation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent world-wide crisis events have drawn new attention to the role information communication technology (ICT) can play in warning and response activities. Drawing on disaster social science, we consider a critical aspect of post- impact disaster response that does not yet receive much information science research attention. Public participation is an emerging, large-scale arena for computer-mediated interaction that has implications

Leysia Palen; Sophia B. Liu

2007-01-01

458

Neal Lane: Science in a Flat World  

ScienceCinema

Lane discusses the changes that have taken place in the world since World War II that have made it "flatter," referring to Thomas L. Friedman's book, The World is Flat. Friedman's main premise is that inexpensive telecommunications is bringing about unhampered international competition, the demise of economic stability, and a trend toward outsourcing services, such as computer programming, engineering and science research.

Neal Lane

2010-09-01

459

Ghana's education reform 2007: A realistic proposition or a crisis of vision?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ghana's recent "Education Reform 2007" envisions a system that strives to achieve both domestic and internationally-oriented goals emanating (1) from the Education for All (EFA) initiative, (2) from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and (3) from global trends in education. Emboldened by the implementation of foreign-donor-funded programmes such as EFA, the restructuring of the Ghana Education Sector Project (EdSeP) and the Science Resource Centres (SRC) project, both the education reform of 2007 and recent educational policy debates have reiterated the need to emphasise the teaching of science and information and communication technology to make Ghana's students/graduates more competitive in the global labour market. However, the bulk of Ghana's economic activity actually remains domestic or unglobalised. And given a weak economy and declining social spending due to strict adherence to the prescribed structural adjustment policies of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB), there is concern that a focus on international competitiveness may be a crisis of vision. On the basis of the Ghanaian government's failure to meet the stated goals of previous reforms such as that of 1974, and the education system's continuing dependence on foreign donor support, this paper argues that the goals of the new reform may be unachievable on a sustainable basis. It also argues that rather than subjugate national domestic priorities to a mirage of international credibility/competitiveness, Ghana should concentrate on capacitating her students/graduates to make maximum impact at domestic and local community levels.

Kuyini, Ahmed Bawa

2013-07-01

460

Syrian refugees, between rocky crisis in Syria and hard inaccessibility to healthcare services in Lebanon and Jordan  

PubMed Central

Around 3% of the world’s population (n?=?214 million people) has crossed international borders for various reasons. Since March 2011, Syria has been going through state of political crisis and instability resulting in an exodus of Syrians to neighbouring countries. More than 1 million Syrian refugees are residents of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt and North Africa. The international community must step up efforts to support Syrian refugees and their host governments. PMID:24004474

2013-01-01

461

The Japanese University in Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese education has been a focus of comparative studies for the past 20 years. Many scholars have attributed the economic success of this industrialized society to a highly literate and well-educated population. Recent studies, however, have tended to be more critical of, in particular, Japanese higher education (HE). Indeed, most universities…

Amano, Ikuo; Poole, Gregory S.

2005-01-01

462

Urban Education: Crisis or Opportunity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is an outgrowth of the summer institute in urban education conducted by the Division of Urban Education of Fordham University's School of Education in 1970 and 1971. Contents include the following papers: "Education in a Changing World," John Holt; "Changing Power Relationships in Education," Albert Shanker; "Education in an Urban…

Marcus, Sheldon, Ed.; Vairo, Philip D., Ed.

463

Communicating in an Emergency or Issue Crisis A Manual for Twin Cities Campus Communicators  

E-print Network

1 Communicating in an Emergency or Issue Crisis A Manual for Twin Cities Campus Communicators Public safety emergency Issue crisis Potential issue crisis Crisis Communications Procedures-up............................................................................................6 Communications Emergency Plans

Netoff, Theoden

464

The crisis of health in a crisis ridden region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The overall picture of the Arab world today is dire; no Arab country is free from political strife, foreign intervention,\\u000a or the threat of terrorism. Continuing instability and the failure of national governments to uphold the rule of law and deliver\\u000a on development are tearing apart the fabric of Arab societies. Internally, Arab regimes’ agendas are shaped by security and

Wasim Maziak

2009-01-01

465

Economic Growth and the Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Will the world be able to sustain economic growth indefinitely without running into resource constraints or despoiling the environment beyond repair? What is the relationship between steadily increasing incomes and environmental quality? This paper builds on the author's earlier work (1993), in which he argued that the relationship between economic growth and environmental quality – whether inverse or direct --

Theodore Panayotou

2000-01-01

466

Statistical inference of co-movements of stocks during a financial crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to figure out and to forecast the emergence phenomena of social systems, we propose several probabilistic models for the analysis of financial markets, especially around a crisis. We first attempt to visualize the collective behaviour of markets during a financial crisis through cross-correlations between typical Japanese daily stocks by making use of multidimensional scaling. We find that all the two-dimensional points (stocks) shrink into a single small region when a economic crisis takes place. By using the properties of cross-correlations in financial markets especially during a crisis, we next propose a theoretical framework to predict several time-series simultaneously. Our model system is basically described by a variant of the multi-layered Ising model with random fields as non-stationary time series. Hyper-parameters appearing in the probabilistic model are estimated by means of minimizing the 'cumulative error' in the past market history. The justification and validity of our approaches are numerically examined for several empirical data sets.

Ibuki, Takero; Higano, Shunsuke; Suzuki, Sei; Inoue, Jun-ichi; Chakraborti, Anirban

2013-12-01

467

Behavioral economics.  

PubMed

Behavioral economics uses evidence from psychology and other social sciences to create a precise and fruitful alternative to traditional economic theories, which are based on optimization. Behavioral economics may interest some biologists, as it shifts the basis for theories of economic choice away from logical calculation and maximization and toward biologically plausible mechanisms. PMID:25247364

Camerer, Colin F

2014-09-22

468

Teen Girls' Resistance and the Disappearing Social in "Ghost World."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines "Ghost World," a Hollywood film about youth, friendship, alienation, and survival, critically investigating how popular representations of youth signal a particular crisis of the social through a discourse of privatization, which fails to locate youth and problems they face within the related geographies of the social and political. The…

Giroux, Henry A.

2002-01-01

469

Dubai makes plans to build the world's tallest structure (Again)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

New plans for world's tallest building unveiled in Dubaihttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/dubai/3142023/New-plans-for-worlds-tallest-building-unveiled-in-Dubai.htmlBoomtown Feels Effects of a Global Crisis [Free registration may be required]http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/05/world/middleeast/05dubai.html?_r=1&scp=1&sq=dubai&st=cse&oref=loginGeneration Faithful: Young and Arab in Land of Mosques and Bars [Free registration may be required]http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/22/world/middleeast/22dubai.htmlBurj Dubai [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.burjdubai.com/Nakheel: Where Vision Inspires Humanity [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.nakheel.com/Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat [pdf]http://www.ctbuh.org/Throughout history, humans have built monuments to the gods, commerce, and sport. Over the past century, the construction of massive structures stretching towards the sky has grown quite feverish, and in the past decade, the skyline of Dubai has continued to burgeon with dozens of new skyscrapers. One only need to look at a photograph of the view along Sheik Zayed Road running through the heart of this metropolis to get a sense of what the city has become in recent years. This week, despite the growing financial crisis, the Dubai developer Nakheel announced that they would be starting work on what would be the world's tallest structure. It should be noted that Dubai already contains what will shortly be the world's tallest structure in the form of the Burj Dubai, which is scheduled for completion in September 2009. At a press conference this past Sunday, company spokesman Christopher O'Donnell stated that this new building would be the centerpiece of a new development in Dubai's inner harbor. Plans for the building indicate that the structure will be over 200 stories high and over 3200 feet tall. The Nakheel company is already well versed in such mega-projects, as they also recently worked on the massive man-made island project in the shape of a palm tree and the world in Dubai. The first link will take users to a piece from NDTV Arabia which talks about this plan to build a 200-story structure in Dubai. The second link will whisk users to a piece in this Monday's Telegraph which talks about the particulars of this ambitious plan. The third link will take users to an article from this Sunday's New York Times discussing some of the potential financial challenges that may affect economic growth in Dubai. Moving on, the fourth link leads to a recent piece from the New York Times which talks about the challenges and opportunities facing young Muslims in modern Dubai. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the Burj Dubai. Here visitors can learn more about this rather amazing structure and take an online tour. The sixth link leads to the homepage of the Nakheel development company, and visitors can explore and learn about some of their upcoming and recent projects. Finally, the last link leads to the delightful homepage of the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Here visitors will find basic answers to the question, "What is a tall building and how is its height measured?" along with news updates on new construction and a tall building image database.

2008-10-10

470

The Crisis in Doctoral Education: A sociological diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociological thinkers help us understand the crisis in doctoral training. Weber shows us that the crisis is the result of a clash of rationalities. Foucault shows us the highly-developed rationality of policymakers\\/administrators, which emerged in \\

Gavin Kendall

2002-01-01

471

Innovative European Solutions in Managing the Mega-Crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The following sections are included: * INTRODUCTION * PREPAREDNESS LEVEL IN EU MEMBER STATES * OPERATIONAL CHALLENGES DUE TO MEGA-CRISIS * REQUIREMENTS FOR MANAGING A MEGA-CRISIS * INNOVATIVE ENDUSER FRIENDLY SOLUTIONS * CONCLUSIONS

Steinhäusler, Friedrich

2014-07-01

472

On the Epistemological Crisis in Genomics  

PubMed Central

There is an epistemological crisis in genomics. At issue is what constitutes scientific knowledge in genomic science, or systems biology in general. Does this crisis require a new perspective on knowledge heretofore absent from science or is it merely a matter of interpreting new scientific developments in an existing epistemological framework? This paper discusses the manner in which the experimental method, as developed and understood over recent centuries, leads naturally to a scientific epistemology grounded in an experimental-mathematical duality. It places genomics into this epistemological framework and examines the current situation in genomics. Meaning and the constitution of scientific knowledge are key concerns for genomics, and the nature of the epistemological crisis in genomics depends on how these are understood. PMID:19440447

Dougherty, Edward R

2008-01-01

473

Demand-driven energy requirement of world economy 2007: A multi-region input-output network simulation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents a network simulation of the global embodied energy flows in 2007 based on a multi-region input-output model. The world economy is portrayed as a 6384-node network and the energy interactions between any two nodes are calculated and analyzed. According to the results, about 70% of the world's direct energy input is invested in resource, heavy manufacture, and transportation sectors which provide only 30% of the embodied energy to satisfy final demand. By contrast, non-transportation services sectors contribute to 24% of the world's demand-driven energy requirement with only 6% of the direct energy input. Commodity trade is shown to be an important alternative to fuel trade in redistributing energy, as international commodity flows embody 1.74E + 20 J of energy in magnitude up to 89% of the traded fuels. China is the largest embodied energy exporter with a net export of 3.26E + 19 J, in contrast to the United States as the largest importer with a net import of 2.50E + 19 J. The recent economic fluctuations following the financial crisis accelerate the relative expansions of energy requirement by developing countries, as a consequence China will take over the place of the United States as the world's top demand-driven energy consumer in 2022 and India will become the third largest in 2015.

Chen, Zhan-Ming; Chen, G. Q.

2013-07-01

474

World Weather  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What's going on in the world of weather? Are there storms around Sri Lanka? What about the snows of Kilimanjaro? These can be pressing questions, indeed, and the World Weather app is a great way to stay in touch with weather patterns around the globe. Users will find that they can just type in a city name to see the current weather and also zoom around the globe as they see fit. It's a remarkable addition to the world of existing weather tracking apps and is compatible with all operating systems.

Elias, Jaume S.

2014-02-20

475

Koko's World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Koko's World is provided by the Gorilla Foundation, a nonprofit organization created to "bring interspecies communication to the public, in order to save gorillas from extinction, and inspire our children to create a better future for all the great apes." KokoTV, part of the Koko's World Web site, offers video clips of Koko (the famous signing gorilla) communicating with friends. A recently added clip contains footage of Koko purring, an expression of contentment. In watching this and the eight other available video clips, it's easy to see how Koko has charmed countless people around the world.

2002-01-01

476

Community Mental Health Crisis Services for Children and Adolescents  

E-print Network

Research Data 17 TRAINING MODELS EMPHASIZING CRISIS PREVENTION AND DE-ESCALATION 17 RESEARCH ON PRACTITIONER SKILLS AND PERSPECTIVES 19 De-Escalation Study 19 Crisis Team Study 20 DISASTER RESPONSE 21 Debriefing and Crisis Stress... in assessment and intervention, as well as the ability to successfully de-escalate clients to preclude more drastic and risky measures like restraint or seclusion. A crisis for a child is determined by the timing of a child’s behaviors and the resources...

Walter, Uta M.; Park, Stacey; Petr, Chris

2004-12-01

477

Why economics at Sussex? We emphasise the practical application of  

E-print Network

Economics Why economics at Sussex? · We emphasise the practical application of economics to the analysis of contemporary social and economic problems. · We have strong links to the major national and international economic institutions such as the European Commission, the World Bank and the Department

Sussex, University of

478

Beyond prometheus and Bakasura: Elements of an alternative to nuclear power in India's response to the energy-environment crisis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In India, as elsewhere, modern energy-society relations and economic development, metaphorically, Prometheus and the insatiable demon Bakasura, respectively, have produced unprecedented economic growth even as they have ushered in the "energy-environment crisis." Government efforts interpret the crisis as insufficiently advanced modernity. Resulting efforts to redress this crisis reaffirm more economic growth through modern energy-society relations and economic development. The civilian nuclear power renaissance in India, amidst rapidly accelerating economic growth and global climate change, is indicative. It presents the prospect of producing "abundant energy" and being "green" at the same time. This confidence in civilian nuclear power is questioned. It is investigated as proceeding from the modern discourse of "Cornucopianism" and its institutionalization as "modern megamachine organization of society." It is found that civilian nuclear power as energy policy is based on a presumption of overabundance as imperative for viable social and economic development; is predisposed to centralization and secrecy; its institutionalization limits deliberation on energy-society relations to technocratic terms; such deliberation is restrained to venues accessible only to the highest political office and technocratic elite; it fails to redress entrenched "energy injustice;" it embodies "modern technique" fostering the "displaced person" while eclipsing the "complete human personality." Overall, despite its green rhetoric, civilian nuclear power reaffirms the "politics of commodification" and refutes social and political arrangements for sustainability and equity. Alternatives are surveyed as strategies for resistance. They include the DEFENDUS approach for energy planning, the "Human Development and Capability Approach" and the "Sustainable Energy Utility." These alternatives and the synergy between them are offered as avenues to resist nuclear power as a response to the energy-environment crisis and to reclaim human-centered imagination and creativity for charting new realities free of the awe inspired by Prometheus and fear of the insatiable Bakasura.

Mathai, Manu Verghese

479

Social Impact of the Asian Financial Crisis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cross-Departmental Analysis and Reports Team (CD/ART) of the International Labor Organization provide this report, prepared for discussion at the High-Level Tripartite Meeting on Social Responses to the Financial Crisis in East and South-East Asian Countries, held in Bangkok Thailand in April 1998. The four chapter report explains the origins of the crisis; its social impacts in terms of such topics as unemployment, poverty, and women and migrant workers; ameliorative policies; and lessons for future policy. The first chapter is accompanied by numerous references, many of which are hyperlinked to full text.

480

Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis  

E-print Network

1 Jackie (jackiejlh) wrote, 2008-12-24 01:20:00 (FIC) Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis Author's Note: Written with full permission from the lovely mina_de_malfois. Loosely based on this dea from delurker: Mina agonises over what..., this fic ignores most of the newish plot points of Season Three. Merry Christmas, everyone. Mina de Malfois and the Present Crisis I'd been holiday shopping for hours and was thoroughly exhausted—Amazon can take a lot of out of a girl when she...

2008-12-24

481

Managing Organizational Legitimacy: Communication Strategies for Organizations in Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how crisis situations can cause internal and external stakeholders to question the legitimacy of organizations. Notes that when faced with a crisis, organizations are compelled to communicate strategically with stakeholders to manage legitimacy. Synthesizes literature on organizational legitimacy, crisis management, and niche-width…

Massey, Joseph Eric

2001-01-01

482

Wilderness Crisis Management. Explore Magazine Technical Series No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper deals with managing a crisis in a wilderness situation. The terms "crisis" and "turning point" are used to describe what is more traditionally called an accident. Using these terms introduces the idea that crisis events occur as logical consequences of preceding decisions, errors, or omissions, not as the result of chance or fate.…

Raffan, James

483

Responding to the Unthinkable: School Crisis Response and Recovery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mental health implications of crisis exposure have emerged as a critical and challenging facet of school safety and crisis response, expanding our focus to encompass both psychological and physical safety, as well as prevention and recovery. Best practice reflects this evolution in our understanding and encompasses the continuum of crisis and…

Cowan, Katherine C.; Rossen, Eric

2014-01-01

484

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc.  

E-print Network

AFTER A SEXUAL ASSAULT Rape Crisis Center, Inc. Dane County, Wisconsin TABLE OF CONTENTS system. You don't need to receive any medical or legal help alone. A counselor from the Rape Crisis with whom you feel comfortable. Through the Rape Crisis Center, you can call and discuss your feelings

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

485

Who reacts to food safety scares?: Examining the Alar crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1989 Alar crisis developed in the wake of television news reports on the dangers to children from consuming apples treated with Alar. These hazards received extensive media coverage over the following five months. This study investigated public reaction to the crisis. Awareness of the crisis was more common among older adults, those with more formal education, and those who

Robert O. Herrmann; Rex H. Warland; Arthur Sterngold

1997-01-01

486

44 CFR 206.171 - Crisis counseling assistance and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Crisis counseling assistance and training. 206.171...Individual Assistance § 206.171 Crisis counseling assistance and training. (a) Purpose...implementing section 416 of the Act, Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training. FEMA...

2012-10-01

487

44 CFR 206.171 - Crisis counseling assistance and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Crisis counseling assistance and training. 206.171...Individual Assistance § 206.171 Crisis counseling assistance and training. (a) Purpose...implementing section 416 of the Act, Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training. FEMA...

2010-10-01

488

44 CFR 206.171 - Crisis counseling assistance and training.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Crisis counseling assistance and training. 206.171...Individual Assistance § 206.171 Crisis counseling assistance and training. (a) Purpose...implementing section 416 of the Act, Crisis Counseling Assistance and Training. FEMA...

2013-10-01

489

Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication as an Integrative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a model of communication known as crisis and emergency risk communication (CERC). The model is outlined as a merger of many traditional notions of health and risk communication with work in crisis and disaster communication. The specific kinds of communication activities that should be called for at various stages of disaster or crisis development are outlined. Although

BARBARA REYNOLDS; MATTHEW W. SEEGER

2005-01-01

490

Write the Plan before You Have the Crisis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the development process and essential elements of a crisis communication strategy. Key steps include: (1) selecting a spokesperson; (2) publicizing the spokesperson's identity; (3) preparing a crisis notebook; (4) providing cell phones; (5) choosing a news conference location; (6) rehearsing crisis scenarios; and (7) obtaining interview…

Wirth, Eileen

2002-01-01

491

Physics World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Institute of Physics, Physics World brings together "news, views and information for the global physics community." First-time users may wish to wander through the site's blog, which contains compelling entries on how athletes could benefit from an understanding of the physics of their sports. The site is also a fast-moving place to get news from the field, via the Headlines area. Scholars and others should scroll down to the White Papers area, which features compelling new works from a range of institutes and professional organizations. The Multimedia section is quite a pip, as it contains reports on the hunt for the elusive Higgs boson and a report on how plasma applications are shaping the modern world. Finally, the In depth area collects reports from the world's leading physicists and professional science writers on topics from radioactive contamination to modeling the entire universe. Interested visitors can sign up for the Physics World RSS feeds on the site.

2012-07-13

492

The World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Any effort to provide high-quality news coverage of events around the world must include a crack team of international correspondents drawn from some of the world's most prominent news organizations. Fortunately, Public Radio International's well-regarded program, The World, draws on correspondents from the BBC and other respected news agencies. On their well-organized site, visitors can listen to each program in its entirety, or move through a number of online-only special reports, which include features on Afghanistan and ethnic conflicts in Africa. The World's site also offers three different podcasts and RSS feeds. Another fine feature of the site is the section where reporters for their program offer journals from their recent investigative excursions to Israel, Mexico, China, and Northern Ireland. Overall, the site is a fine way to stay up to date with current events of importance from Ghana to Goa.

493

Temperature World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Temperature World.com gives in-depth and varied information on temperature. The site offers links to a temperature converter, world city temperatures, a printable temperature conversion table, temperature forecasts, temperature related product recalls, and information on metal temperature by color. It also contains explanations of earth temperature issues, temperature sensors and controls, organizations and standards, temperature tools, and more. A unique and thorough site, it can be enjoyed by visitors of any age.

494

Advertising World  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Billed as "The Ultimate Marketing Communications Guide," Advertising World has been created by the department of advertising at University of Texas at Austin. Advertising World is a comprehensive directory of marketing communications information ranging from online discussion lists to lists of sites featuring online advertisements for specific products to a page called unconventional media, which includes advertising on hot air balloons, cargo containers, and the roofs of city buses. The Websites are tersely annotated and are organized in alphabetical order.

495

World Health Report 2001  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yesterday, the World Health Organization (WHO) released this year's World Health Report (WHR), which is, for the first time, concentrated on mental health (last year's report was discussed in the June 23, 2000 Scout Report). WHO reports that nearly a third of the disabilities in the world are neuropsychiatric disorders, and WHR 2001 focuses on the status of mental health care and knowledge internationally. The report "aims to raise public and professional awareness of the real burden of mental disorders and their costs in human, social and economic terms. At the same time it intends to help dismantle many of those barriers -- particularly of stigma, discrimination and inadequate services -- which prevent many millions of people worldwide from receiving the treatment they need and deserve." WHO provides ten government recommendations and three "paths of action" depending upon countries' economic situations. The report is available online or in .pdf format in French and English. Users should note that we had trouble accessing the report using Netscape 4.75 on the Mac but no trouble with Internet Explorer 5.

2001-01-01

496

Why is no financial crisis a dress rehearsal for the next? Exploring contagious heterogeneities across major Asian stock markets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Our study attempts to discover pure contagion or interdependence amongst the Asian equity markets (China, India, Taiwan and South Korea) due to the shocks stemming from eleven major crises around the world. We apply wavelet decomposition in both its discrete and continuous forms to unveil the multi-horizon nature of co-movement, volatility and lead-lag relationship. We find that most of the earlier shocks were transmitted via excessive linkages or pure contagion, while the recent subprime crisis appears to have resulted mostly in fundamentals-based contagion or interdependence. This assertion is based mainly on the deepening fundamental integration particularly after the Asian financial crisis period. We also find the relatively dominating role of China and South Korea after this crisis.

Dewandaru, Ginanjar; Masih, Rumi; Masih, A. Mansur M.

2015-02-01

497

A hydrologic-economic modeling approach for analysis of urban water supply dynamics in Chennai, India  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we discuss a challenging water resources problem in a developing world city, Chennai, India. The goal is to reconstruct past system behavior and diagnose the causes of a major water crisis. In order to do this, we develop a hydrologic-engineering-economic model to address the complexity of urban water supply arising from consumers' dependence on multiple interconnected sources of water. We integrate different components of the urban water system: water flowing into the reservoir system; diversion and distribution by the public water utility; groundwater flow in the aquifer beneath the city; supply, demand, and prices in the informal tanker-truck-based water market; and consumer behavior. Both the economic and physical impacts of consumers' dependence on multiple sources of water are quantified. The model is calibrated over the period 2002-2006 using a range of hydrologic and socio-economic data. The model's results highlight the inadequacy of the reservoir system and the buffering role played by the urban aquifer and consumers' coping investments during multiyear droughts.

Srinivasan, Veena; Gorelick, Steven M.; Goulder, Lawrence

2010-07-01

498

Audience-Oriented Approach to Crisis Communication:A Study of Hong Kong Consumers’ Evaluation of an Organizational Crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the responses of consumers to information about an organizational crisis. Three hundred and eighty-five individuals from Hong Kong responded to hypothetical scenarios describing a plane crash. The scenarios manipulated causal attribution (internal and external), the organizations’ crisis response (shifting the blame, minimization, no comment, apology, compensation, and corrective action), and crisis severity (severe and extremely severe). Results

Betty Kaman Lee

2004-01-01

499

The United States and World Energy: A Discussion Paper, Department of State.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a summary of the world energy situation and its impact on the United States. A brief review of some interrelated diplomatic, commercial, and technical aspects of the energy crisis and their implications for the U.S. and its foreign policy is presented first. Next, discussions of world supplies, uses and problems with different…

Smith, Ralph Stuart

500

World Food Supply: A Global Development Studies Case Study. Revised Edition, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in a secondary or undergraduate level course non global development, this case study examines the current crisis in the world food supply. The study is divided into three main parts, each dealing with a key question of world food supply: (1) What Is Hunger? (2) Why Is There Hunger? (3) What Is Being Done? Section 1 defines hunger…

Spivey, J. Carlisle