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Sample records for xlpe cable insulation

  1. The influence of water in XLPE cable conductor on XLPE insulation breakdown voltage and partial discharge

    SciTech Connect

    Nikolajevic, S.V.; Stojanovic, B.B.

    1996-12-31

    This paper presents the results of a continuing investigation into degradation of the crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) cable insulation. The paper deals with the changing of water absorption of various types of XLPE cable insulations: steam and nitrogen-dry cured crosslinked polyethylene (XL) and steam and nitrogen-dry cured water tree retardant crosslinked polyethylene (WTR-XL). The results of the study into effect of water absorption on breakdown stress (AC BDS) and partial discharge for different XLPE cable insulations are also given. During the aging tests, the cable conductor was poured with the tap water and the cable ends were properly closed.

  2. Analysis of electrical tree propagation in XLPE power cable insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bao, Minghui; Yin, Xiaogen; He, Junjia

    2011-04-01

    Electrical treeing is one of the major breakdown mechanisms for solid dielectrics subjected to high electrical stress. In this paper, the characteristics of electrical tree growth in XLPE samples have been investigated. XLPE samples are obtained from a commercial XLPE power cable, in which electrical trees have been grown from pin to plane in the frequency range of 4000-10,000 Hz, voltage range of 4-10 kV, and the distances between electrodes of 1 and 2 mm. Images of trees and their growing processes were taken by a CCD camera. The fractal dimensions of electric trees were obtained by using a simple box-counting technique. The results show that the tree growth rate and fractal dimension was bigger when the frequency or voltage was higher, or the distance between electrodes was smaller. Contrary to our expectation, it has been found that when the distance between electrodes changed from 1 to 2 mm, the required voltage of the similar electrical trees decreased only 1or 2 kV. In order to evaluate the difficulties of electrical tree propagation in different conditions, a simple energy threshold analysis method has been proposed. The threshold energy, which presents the minimum energy that a charge carrier in the well at the top of the tree should have to make the tree grow, has been computed considering the length of electrical tree, the fractal dimension, and the growth time. The computed results indicate that when one of the three parameters of voltage, frequency, and local electric field increase, the trends of energy threshold can be split into 3 regions.

  3. Understanding Electrical Treeing Phenomena in XLPE Cable Insulation Adopting UHF Technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarathi, Ramanujam; Nandini, Arya; Danikas, Michael G.

    2011-03-01

    A major cause for failure of underground cables is due to formation of electrical trees in the cable insulation. A variety of tree structure can form from a defect site in cable insulation viz bush-type trees, tree-like trees, fibrillar type trees, intrinsic type, depending on the applied voltage. Weibull studies indicate that a higher applied voltage enhances the rate of tree propagation thereby reducing the life of cable insulation. Measurements of injected current during tree propagation indicates that the rise time and fall time of the signal is of few nano seconds. In the present study, an attempt has been made to identify the partial discharges caused due to inception and propagation of electrical trees adopting UHF technique. It is realized that UHF signal generated during tree growth have signal bandwidth in the range of 0.5-2.0 GHz. The formation of streamer type discharge and Townsend type discharges during tree inception and propagation alters the shape of the tree formed. The UHF signal generated due to partial discharges formed during tree growth were analyzed adopting Ternary plot, which can allow one to classify the shape of tree structure formed.

  4. Long term pre-qualification testing program on a 230kV XLPE cable system

    SciTech Connect

    Champion, T.C.; Agostinelli, F.M.; Rosevear, R.D.

    1994-12-31

    this paper describes the installation, testing, and results of a long term, full scale laboratory evaluation of a 230kV XLPE insulated cable system. System components included two innovative, pre-molded splices a 128 meter (420 foot) cable run, and two silicone oil filled, porcelain cable terminations. Load cycle aging was performed on the cable system over a four year period. After successfully completing the outdoor aging program, the system was exposed to a final impulses breakdown test. Results demonstrated the importance of considering thermomechanical bending in aluminum conductor, XLPE insulated designs. The influence on cable ampacity of solar heating at riser transitions was also demonstrated.

  5. Long term pre-qualification testing program on a 230kV XLPE cable system

    SciTech Connect

    Champion, T.C.; Agostinelli, F.M.; Rosevear, R.D.

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes the installation, testing, and results of a long term, full scale laboratory evaluation of a 230kV XLPE insulated cable system. System components included two innovative, pre-molded splices, a 128 meter (420 foot) cable run, and two silicone oil filled, porcelain cable terminations. Load cycle aging was performed on the cable system over a four year period. After successfully completing the outdoor aging program, the system was exposed to a final impulse breakdown test. Results demonstrated the importance or considering thermomechanical bending in aluminum conductor, XLPE insulated designs. The influence on cable ampacity of solar beating at riser transitions was also demonstrated.

  6. Approach for Wide Use of Diagnostic Method for XLPE Cables Using Harmonics in AC Loss Current

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsujimoto, Tomiyuki; Nakade, Masahiko; Yagi, Yukihiro; Ishii, Noboru

    Water tree is one of the degradation aspects of XLPE cables used for under-ground distribution or transmission lines. We have developed the loss current method using 3rd harmonic in AC loss current for cable diagnosis. Harmonic components in loss current arise as a result of the non-linear voltage-current characteristics of water trees. We confirmed that the 3rd harmonic in AC loss current had good correlation with water tree growth and break down strength. After that, we have applied this method to the actual 66kV XLPE cable lines. Up to now, the number of the application results is more than 130 lines. In case of cable lines terminated at gas-insulated switchgear (GIS), we have to remove the lightning arrestor (LA) and the potential transformer (PT) out of the test circuit. The reason is that we are afraid that each of LA and PT disturbs the degradation signal from cable lines. It takes extra time (1 or 2 days) and costs more to remove LA and PT in GIS out of a circuit. In order to achieve easy and reasonable diagnosis, we have developed a new method for cable lines terminated at GIS, by utilizing a technique, which enables to reduce signal of LA and PT from disturbed signal of cable lines. We confirmed the effect of the new method by experiments with actual cables.

  7. Analysis of the XLPE Insulation of Distribution Covered Conductors in Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nóbrega, A. M.; Martinez, M. L. B.; de Queiroz, Alvaro Antonio Alencar

    2014-03-01

    Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) has been the most common insulation applied to medium voltage covered conductors (MVCCs) in Brazil. The results of accelerated aging tests carried out at high voltage laboratory of UNIFEI (LAT-EFEI), combining the stresses of heat and voltage to ground aiming at enhancing surface corona activity assays, have identified the early failures in XLPE insulations of the Brazilian MVCCs. The observed failures indicate that complementary studies should be performed to better understand the degradation mechanisms of the MVCCs insulations manufactured in Brazil. In this paper, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), contact angle analysis (CA), photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements on samples of five Brazilian national/regional MVCCs are reported. XPS, CA, and PAS analysis indicated that a large variety of oxygen-containing groups associated to the oxidation of the XLPE insulations appear to be related to the manufacturing conditions. AFM analysis indicated that the average surface roughness and topography of the XLPE insulation changed significantly and depend on the selected manufacturer. XRD analysis indicates a strong heterogeneity of crystals nucleation that results into different degrees of crystallinity of the Brazilian MVCCs cables. The results of this work indicate strong evidences of manufacturing defects in the XLPE insulation of Brazilian's MVCCs. The origin of these defects seems to be inherent to the technology used by manufacturers to the production of the MVCCs. The production-related defects are not detectable by the standard tests as partial discharges or even the standard routine—acceptance power frequency assays routinely used in dielectric compatibility tests at high voltage laboratories.

  8. Development of Techniques for Separating Waterproof Layer from XLPE Cable Sheath by Hot Water Heating

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okazaki, Masato; Nakade, Masahiko; Okashita, Minoru; Tanimoto, Mihoko

    Waterproof layer is used to prevent penetration of water which is one of the factors of dielectric breakdown in XLPE cables more than 66kV class. A XLPE cable sheath with waterproof layer is done landfill disposal as industrial waste because separation of waterproof layer is difficult for technology and cost. However, around 20 years passes after waterproof layer was introduced, and social consciousness for environment changes during these 20 years, and responsibility of company for environment of a society grows bigger. We report the result that examined techniques for separating waterproof layer.

  9. Performance of ethylene-propylene rubber insulation in medium and high voltage power cable

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, M.

    1983-02-01

    A new class of EPR insulations having significantly improved electrical loss properties is described. These elastomeric insulations are compared in a number of key properties vs. XLPE which are believed significant in certain failure modes of power cables. Laboratory studies have shown that this new class of EPR's is extremely resistant to the initiation and growth of water and electrical trees. Data from the AEIC Accelerated Water/Electrochemical Tree Test are presented for high molecular weight thermoplastic PE, XLPE and EPR. In this test EPR shows a significant improvement in performance vs. PE and XLPE which is particularly evident in the high temperature (high current load) test mode.

  10. Development of 66kV XLPE submarine cable using optical fiber as a mechanical-damage-detection-sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Nishimoto, Toshio; Miyahara, Tsutomu; Takehana, Hajime; Tateno, Fuminori

    1995-10-01

    Submarine cables are exposed to great risk of serious mechanical damage by ship anchors or equipment used for fishing. Detection of such damage in a submarine cable is a very useful technology for improving the reliability of a submarine cable transmission line. A mechanical-damage-detection-sensor using optical fiber was developed. A prototype 66kV XLPE submarine cable incorporating the sensor was manufactured for trial, and the ability of a sensor was confirmed by compression test. Actual 66kV XLPE submarine cable incorporating the sensor was manufactured for trial, and the ability of a sensor was confirmed by compression test. Actual 66kV XLPE submarine cable with the sensor was manufactured and installed as an operating transmission line in Japan.

  11. Determination of threshold and maximum operating electric stresses for selected high voltage insulations: Investigation of aged polymeric dielectric cable. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Eager, G.S. Jr.; Seman, G.W.; Fryszczyn, B.

    1995-11-01

    Based on the successful completion of the extensive research project DOE/ET/29303-1 February 1982 to develop a new method for the determination of threshold voltage in XLPE and EPR insulated cables, tests were initiated to establish the maximum safe operating voltage stresses of crosslinked polyethylene insulated cables that become wet when they operate in a moist environment. The present report covers the measurement of the threshold voltage, the a.c. breakdown voltage and the impulse breakdown voltage of XLPE cable after undergoing accelerated laboratory aging in water. Model and 15 kV XLPE cables were manufactured in commercial equipment using state-of-the-art semiconducting shields and XLPE insulation. The threshold voltage, a.c. voltage breakdown and impulse voltage breakdown of the model cables were determined before aging, after aging one week and after aging 26 weeks. The model cable, following 26 weeks aging, was dried by passing dry gas through the conductor interstices which removed moisture from the cable. The threshold voltage, the a.c. voltage breakdown and the impulse voltage breakdown of the XLPE model cable after drying was measured.

  12. Flexible Ceramic-Insulated Cable

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bouquet, Frank L.

    1988-01-01

    Cable withstands heat, radiation, and oxidation. Ceramic beads electrically insulate copper conductor from sheath of copper tape. Also suitable for furnaces, nuclear reactors, and robots operating in hot, radioactive environments.

  13. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    DOEpatents

    Forsyth, Eric B.; Muller, Albert C.

    1984-01-01

    A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

  14. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    SciTech Connect

    Forsyth, E. B.; Muller, A. C.

    1984-12-11

    A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

  15. 6.6kV XLPE submarine cable with optical fiber sensors to detect anchor damage and defacement of wire armor

    SciTech Connect

    Tayama, Hirohumi; Fukuda, Osamu; Yamamoto, Kenichi; Inoue, Yosimasa; Koike, Yohji

    1995-10-01

    The Kansai Electric Power Co., Inc. and Fujikura Ltd. have developed a 6.6kV XLPE submarine cable with optical fiber sensors to detect anchor damage and defacement of wire armor. The cable was installed between Kata and Tomogashima island in Wakayama prefecture, Japan. The ability to detect cable damage was confirmed by compression test, curved tensile test using CIGRE-recommended method, and loop tests. Also, in this power cable, the distributed optical fiber sensor was built-in to measure cable temperature. This report shows the results of these tests and the outline of the cable installation.

  16. Fully synthetic taped insulation cables

    DOEpatents

    Forsyth, E.B.; Muller, A.C.

    1983-07-15

    The present invention is a cable which, although constructed from inexpensive polyolefin tapes and using typical impregnating oils, furnishes high voltage capability up to 765 kV, and has such excellent dielectric characteristics and heat transfer properties that it is capable of operation at capacities equal to or higher than presently available cables at a given voltage. This is accomplished by using polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene insulating tape which has been specially processed to attain properties which are not generally found in these materials, but are required for their use in impregnated electrical cables. Chief among these properties is compatibility with impregnating oil.

  17. Pulse Response Measurement Aiming for Locating Water Tree Degradation in XLPE Cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiei, Susumu; Hozumi, Naohiro; Kurihara, Takashi; Okamoto, Tatsuki; Uchida, Katsumi; Tsuji, Taizo

    Water treeing is a degradation mode of power cable with polymeric insulation. A water tree is composed of small droplets filled with water. As the conductivity in water tree is very high, it leads to dielectric breakdown when it grows up. As inside of the water tree is filled with trap sites, it is polarized with a certain distribution of relaxation time when a DC poling voltage is applied. Although its depolarization process after removing the poling voltage is determined by ambient temperature, applying a “depolarizing voltage” with the opposite polarity can accelerate the process. If a short pulse propagating through the cable is employed as a depolarization voltage, we may locate the water tree through looking at the time-resolved pulse response. This would lead to a diagnosing method with spatial resolution. In order to retain 100 m of spatial resolution, the response should be as sharp as 1 μs. As a preliminary study, a coaxial communication cable was aged to form water trees. A DC poling voltage was applied followed by a pulse voltage with opposite polarity. The rising time of the pulse was several hundreds of microseconds. A sharp pulse current response with 50 μs in width was observed, suggesting that a rapid depolarization took place. No such response was seen when the cable specimen was not aged. We concluded that the technique is quite feasible. As the response was found to be as quick as several microseconds, an experiment using 405 m-long cable, with 5 m of degraded length in the middle, was performed. It was shown that the degraded point was successfully located.

  18. Installation of 66kV XLPE power-optical fiber composite submarine cable and water pipe for the Trans-Tokyo Bay Highway

    SciTech Connect

    Nakamura, Y.; Kuroshima, T.; Takeuchi, M.; Sanpei, T.; Suzuki, S.; Ishikura, S.; Inoue, H.; Uematsu, T.

    1995-07-01

    The manufacturing and the installation of the optical fiber composite submarine cable and water pipe for the Trans-Tokyo Bay Highway were completed in 1993. It was the Japanese longest 66kV XLPE power-optical fiber composite submarine cable and the first application of optical fiber composite submarine water pipe composed of two hollow galvanized steel armor wires inserted with optical fiber to monitor and control of construction sites. This paper describes the application and development of the hollow steel armor wire with optical fiber ribbon and the features of construction and installation of the optical fiber composite submarine cable and water pipe.

  19. The Application of Novel Polypropylene to the Insulation of Electric Power Cable (3)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurahashi, Kiyoshi; Matsuda, Yoshiji; Miyashita, Yoshitsugu; Demura, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Asakiyo; Yoshino, Katsumi

    Having higher melting temperature than polyethylene, polypropylene has been expected as insulation material for power cable. But isotactic polypropylene used generally is unsuitable as cable insulation because it shows poor flexibility, low breakdown strength due to growing spherulites, and so on. But stereoregular syndiotactic polypropylene (s-PP) newly developed with metallocene catalyst shows quite different properties from i-PP. The authors had investigated the basic properties of s-PP and the initial properties as a cable which was manufactured using s-PP insulation, in the previous paper. As the results of this, it was revealed that s-PP had superior thermal and electrical properties to cross-linked polyethylene and the s-PP insulation cable showed satisfactory initial properties. However, in order to apply to an actual cable, the properties must be maintainable over 30 years after construction. In this paper, we estimated the long term and remaining properties for s-PP insulation cable. A series of experiments on long term properties gave following results. (1) S-PP cable shows longer life over 30 years. (2) The breakdown strength of s-PP cable after long term experiment equal to 30 years is slightly lower than initial breakdown strength, but it’s sufficient as remaining property. Furthermore, water-tree resistivity of s-PP was investigated and it was revealed that s-PP significantly suppressed the water tree propagation compared with XLPE. These results suggested that s-PP cable would be available as next generation cable.

  20. Tool for cutting insulation from electrical cables

    DOEpatents

    Harless, Charles E.; Taylor, Ward G.

    1978-01-01

    This invention is an efficient hand tool for precisely slitting the sheath of insulation on an electrical cable--e.g., a cable two inches in diameter--in a manner facilitating subsequent peeling or stripping of the insulation. The tool includes a rigid frame which is slidably fitted on an end section of the cable. The frame carries a rigidly affixed handle and an opposed, elongated blade-and-handle assembly. The blade-and-handle assembly is pivotally supported by a bracket which is slidably mounted on the frame for movement toward and away from the cable, thus providing an adjustment for the depth of cut. The blade-and-handle assembly is mountable to the bracket in two pivotable positions. With the assembly mounted in the first position, the tool is turned about the cable to slit the insulation circumferentially. With the assembly mounted in the second position, the tool is drawn along the cable to slit the insulation axially. When cut both circumferentially and axially, the insulation can easily be peeled from the cable.

  1. The Application of Novel Polypropylene to the Insulation of Electric Power Cable (2)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miyashita, Yoshitsugu; Demura, Tsuyoshi; Ueda, Asakiyo; Someya, Akira; Kawahigashi, Masaki; Murakami, Tsuyoshi; Matsuda, Yoshiji; Kurahashi, Kiyoshi; Yoshino, Katsumi

    The authors had investigated the basic properties of newly developed stereoregular syndiotactic polypropylene (s-PP) which had been synthesized with homogeneous metallocene catalyst, in the previous paper. As the result of this, it was revealed that s-PP had superior thermal and electrical properties to cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) which was adopted as conventional insulating material for high voltage power cable. In this paper, we estimated the possibility to apply s-PP to the actual power cable from the viewpoint of long-term thermal durability and processability. Consequently, it was found that the thermal stability of s-PP could be significantly improved by adding both hindered phenol and sulfur antioxidants, and wide molecular weight distribution of s-PP contributed to good processability during extrusion. On the basis of these results, 600V and 22kV class cables with insulation of s-PP were manufactured. Successfully manufactured cables proposed that s-PP could be available to electric power cable. Lightning Impulse and AC breakdown strength of both cables at the temperature range of RT to 120°C will be discussed.

  2. ESP cable insulation: Selection for performance

    SciTech Connect

    Schultz, R.E.; MacKenzie, B.T.; Marefai, K.

    1985-01-01

    Electrical cable for submersible pumping systems must be of high quality and reliability. Because of this, careful selection must be made of materials which will optimize performance in a wet electrically stressed environment. Polypropylene is the insulation used in lower temperature cables which is a major part of this cable market. Over the past eight years a major engineering effort has been placed on the evaluation of polypropylene resins and their wet electrical properties. Test methods were selected which distinguish between resins based on long term electrical stability. Properties of most extrusion grade resins available together with some experimental resins will be reviewed. Dielectric breakdown, insulation resistance, dielectric constant and power factor all versus time will be presented. The data will demonstrate the need for long term evaluations prior to the selection of a polypropylene insulation for ESP cable applications.

  3. Propylene based systems for high voltage cable insulation applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hosier, I. L.; Cozzarini, L.; Vaughan, A. S.; Swingler, S. G.

    2009-08-01

    Crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) remains the material of choice for extruded high voltage cables, possessing excellent thermo-mechanical and electrical properties. However, it is not easily recyclable posing questions as to its long term sustainability. Whilst both polyethylene and polypropylene are widely recycled and provide excellent dielectric properties, polypropylene has significantly better mechanical integrity at high temperatures than polyethylene. However, while isotactic polypropylene is too stiff at room temperature for incorporation into a cable system, previous studies by the authors have indicated that this limitation can be overcome by using a propylene-ethylene copolymer. Whilst these previous studies considered unrelated systems, the current study aims to quantify the usefulness of a series of related random propylene-ethylene co-polymers and assesses their potential for replacing XLPE.

  4. Development of radiation resistant electrical cable insulations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, B. S.; Soo, P.; Mackenzie, D. R.

    1994-01-01

    Two new polyethylene cable insulations have been formulated for nuclear applications and have been tested under gamma radiation. Both insulations are based on low density polyethylene, one with PbO and the other with Sb2O3 as additives. The test results show that the concept of using inorganic antioxidants to retard radiation initiated oxidation (RIO) is viable. PbO is more effective than Sb2O3 in minimizing RIO.

  5. Development of radiation resistant electrical cable insulations

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, B.S.; Soo, P.; MacKenzie, D.R.

    1993-12-31

    Two new polyethylene cable insulations have been formulated for nuclear applications, and have been tested under gamma radiation. Both insulations are based on low density polyethylene, one with PbO and the other with Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} as additives. The test results show that the concept of using inorganic antioxidants to retard radiation initiated oxidation (RIO) is viable. PbO is more effective than Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} in minimizing RIO.

  6. Improved cable insulation for superconducting magnets

    SciTech Connect

    Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A.K.; Kelly, E.; Schmalzle, J.; Willen, E.; Fraivillig, J.; Ochsner, J.; Parish, D.J.

    1993-09-01

    Several years ago, Brookhaven joined with DuPont in a cooperative effort to develop improved cable insulation for SSC superconducting dipole magnets. The effort was supported by the SSC Central Design Group and later the SSC Laboratory. It was undertaken because turn-to-turn and midplane shorts were routinely being experienced during the assembly of magnets with coils made of the existing Kapton/Fiberglass (K/FG) system of Kapton film overwrapped with epoxy-impregnated fiberglass tape. Dissection of failed magnets showed that insulation disruption and punch-through was occurring near the inner edges of turns close to the magnet midplane. Coil pressures of greater than 17 kpsi were sufficient to disrupt the insulation at local high spots where wires in neighboring turns crossed one another and where the cable had been strongly compacted in the keystoning operation during cable manufacture. In the joint development program, numerous combinations of polyimide films manufactured by DuPont with varying configurations and properties (including thickness) were subjected to tests at Brookhaven. Early tests were bench trials using wrapped cable samples. The most promising candidates were used in coils and many of these assembled and tested as magnets in both the SSC and RHIC magnet programs currently underway. The Kapton CI (CI) system that has been adopted represents a suitable compromise of numerous competing factors. It exhibits improved performance in the critical parameter of compressive punch-through resistance as well as other advantages over the K/FG system.

  7. Insulation system for high temperature superconductor cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Michael, P. C.; Haight, A. E.; Bromberg, L.; Kano, K.

    2015-12-01

    Large-scale superconductor applications, like fusion magnets, require high-current capacity conductors to limit system inductance and peak operating voltage. Several cabling methods using high temperature superconductor (HTS) tapes are presently under development so that the unique high-field, high-current-density, high operating temperature characteristics of 2nd generation REBCO coated conductors can be utilized in next generation fusion devices. Large-scale magnets are generally epoxy impregnated to support and distribute electromagnetic stresses through the magnet volume. However, the present generation of REBCO coated conductors are prone to delamination when tensile stresses are applied to the broad surface of REBCO tapes; this can occur during epoxy cure, cooldown, or magnet energization. We present the development of an insulation system which effectively insulates HTS cabled conductors at high withstand voltage while simultaneously preventing the intrusion of the epoxy impregnant into the cable, eliminating degradation due to conductor delamination. We also describe a small-scale coil test program to demonstrate the cable insulation scheme and present preliminary test results.

  8. 46 CFR 111.60-21 - Cable insulation tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... IEEE 45-2002 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 110.10-1). ... 46 Shipping 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cable insulation tests. 111.60-21 Section 111.60-21...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-21 Cable insulation tests. All cable...

  9. 46 CFR 111.60-21 - Cable insulation tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... IEEE 45-2002 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 110.10-1). ... 46 Shipping 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cable insulation tests. 111.60-21 Section 111.60-21...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-21 Cable insulation tests. All cable...

  10. 46 CFR 111.60-21 - Cable insulation tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... IEEE 45-2002 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 110.10-1). ... 46 Shipping 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cable insulation tests. 111.60-21 Section 111.60-21...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-21 Cable insulation tests. All cable...

  11. 46 CFR 111.60-21 - Cable insulation tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... IEEE 45-2002 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 110.10-1). ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable insulation tests. 111.60-21 Section 111.60-21...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-21 Cable insulation tests. All cable...

  12. 46 CFR 111.60-21 - Cable insulation tests.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... IEEE 45-2002 (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 110.10-1). ... 46 Shipping 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cable insulation tests. 111.60-21 Section 111.60-21...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-21 Cable insulation tests. All cable...

  13. Investigation of dielectric behavior of water and thermally aged of XLPE/BaTiO3 composites in the low-frequency range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Madani, Lakhdar; Belkhiat, Saad; Berrag, Amine; Nemdili, Saad

    2015-10-01

    Cross-Linked Polyethylene (XLPE) is widely used as insulation in electrical engineering, especially as cable insulation sheaths. In order to improve the dielectric properties susceptible to be modified under the effects of thermal aging and water in an absorption environment, polymers are mixed with ceramics. In this paper, the influence of barium titanate (BaTiO3), on the dielectric properties of XLPE has been studied. Dielectric parameters have been measured using an impedance analyzer RLC (WAYNE KERR 6420 type). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used as characterization techniques. The study has been carried out on two samples of XLPE. A pure sample of each were studied as a unloaded samples to be compared with samples of 5%wt, 10%wt, 15%wt and 20%wt. BaTiO3 loaded XLPE. Afterwards, the composites were subject to humidity and to thermal aging. The incorporation of BaTiO3 1∘C does not modify the crystallinity and morphology of the XLPE and 2∘C reduces the space charges therefore the dielectric losses. tgδ, ɛr and loss index are measured. Frequency response analysis has been followed in the frequency range (20-300 Hz). Experimental results show well that BaTiO3 as nano-filler improves the dielectric properties of XLPE but in excessive content can drive to the cracking and therefore to absorption of water.

  14. Problems of Automatic Test of Insulation in Cable Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Red'ko, V. V.; Leonov, A. P.; Red'ko, L. A.; Bolgova, V. A.

    2016-01-01

    The article presents a qualitative and quantitative assessment of cable products insulation defects that can be reliably detected by means of the electrosparking control during the cable production process. The performance potential of technological control is evaluated: the limit of reliable detection of defective places in insulation taking into account the technical capabilities of modern control devices is marked.

  15. Basic study of transient breakdown voltage in solid dielectric cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahder, G.; Sosnowski, M.; Katz, C.

    1980-09-01

    A comprehensive review of the technical and scientific publications relating to crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE) and ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) insulated cables revealed that there is very little known with respect to the life expectancy, the final factory voltage test background and the mechanism of voltage breakdown of these cables. A new methodology for the investigation of breakdown voltages of XLPE and EPR insulated cables was developed which is based on the investigation of breakdown voltages at various voltage transients such as unipolarity pulses and dual-polarity pulses, and a.c. voltage at power and high frequency. Also, a new approach to statistical testing was developed which allows one to establish a correlation among the breakdown voltages obtained with various voltage transients. Finally, a method for the determination of threshold voltage regardless of the magnitude of apparent charge was developed. A model of breakdown and electrical aging of XLPE and EPR insulated cables was developed as well as life expectancy characteristics for high voltage stress XLPE insulated cables operated in a dry environment at room temperature and at 900 C.

  16. Cable aging and condition monitoring of radiation resistant nano-dielectrics in advanced reactor applications

    SciTech Connect

    Duckworth, Robert C; Aytug, Tolga; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans; Kidder, Michelle; Polyzos, Georgios; Leonard, Keith J

    2015-01-01

    Cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) nanocomposites have been developed in an effort to improve cable insulation lifetime to serve in both instrument cables and auxiliary power systems in advanced reactor applications as well as to provide an alternative for new or retro-fit cable insulation installations. Nano-dielectrics composed of different weight percentages of MgO & SiO2 have been subjected to radiation at accumulated doses approaching 20 MRad and thermal aging temperatures exceeding 100 C. Depending on the composition, the performance of the nanodielectric insulation was influenced, both positively and negatively, when quantified with respect to its electrical and mechanical properties. For virgin unradiated or thermally aged samples, XLPE nanocomposites with 1wt.% SiO2 showed improvement in breakdown strength and reduction in its dissipation factor when compared to pure undoped XLPE, while XLPE 3wt.% SiO2 resulted in lower breakdown strength. When aged in air at 120 C, retention of electrical breakdown strength and dissipation factor was observed for XLPE 3wt.% MgO nanocomposites. Irrespective of the nanoparticle species, XLPE nanocomposites that were gamma irradiated up to the accumulated dose of 18 MRad showed a significant drop in breakdown strength especially for particle concentrations greater than 3 wt.%. Additional attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy measurements suggest changes in the structure of the XLPE SiO2 nanocomposites associated with the interaction of silicon and oxygen. Discussion on the relevance of property changes with respect to cable aging and condition monitoring is presented.

  17. 49 CFR 236.108 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance of wires and cables, except wires connected directly to track rails, shall be tested when wires, cables, and insulation...

  18. 49 CFR 236.108 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance of wires and cables, except wires connected directly to track rails, shall be tested when wires, cables, and insulation...

  19. 49 CFR 236.108 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance of wires and cables, except wires connected directly to track rails, shall be tested when wires, cables, and insulation...

  20. 49 CFR 236.108 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance of wires and cables, except wires connected directly to track rails, shall be tested when wires, cables, and insulation...

  1. 49 CFR 236.108 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance of wires and cables, except wires connected directly to track rails, shall be tested when wires, cables, and insulation...

  2. Dielectric insulation characteristics of liquid-nitrogen-impregnated laminated paper-insulated cable

    SciTech Connect

    Suzuki, H.; Ishihara, K.; Akita, S. )

    1992-10-01

    This paper reports that the electric characteristics and insulation design strength of a liquid-nitrogen-impregnated synthetic insulation was considered. It found to detect the impregnation of liquid nitrogen by measuring the electrostatic capacitance of the cable [epsilon] [center dot] tan [delta] an index of the dielectric loss, was 0.31% for cellulose paper and 0.18% for semisynthetic paper, PPLP and OPPL. It is found that the decline of the thickness dependence of the breakdown strength of the liquid-nitrogen-impregnated insulating cable is steeper than that of the OF cables. It is possible to design the insulation strength of the 66 kV cable to 10 kV/mm.

  3. Tester automatically checks insulation of individual conductors in multiple-strand cables

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shaw, J.; Vuckovich, M.

    1967-01-01

    Insulation tester checks multiple-strand electrical cables in nuclear rocket reactors. It has both manual and automatic capabilities and can check the insulation of a cable with 200 or more conductors in a few minutes.

  4. Evaluation of a glass insulated cable system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1982-04-01

    A cable system for underground power transmission at 230 to 345 kV was developed. This cable has the copper conductor bundles encased in glass tubes. Gas passes through the interior of the glass tubes to cool the conductors. Pressurized water cools the outside of glass tube clusters. The whole assembly is encased in a 10 in. OD coated steel pipe. This evaluation program was undertaken to determine the loss and breakdown characteristics of the borosilicate glass used for the cable tubes, to optimize methods for sealing tubing lengths, and to evaluate methods for fabricating and installing the cable tubing. The testing procedures are described. The results showed that the glass has good high-temperature electrical properties with especially high dc resistivity, but that the tubing seals were unacceptable electrically. It was concluded that the system as presently envisioned is not suitable as an underground cable because of the poor electrical performance of glass seals. The glass may have other applications such as entrance bushings to high-temperature test chambers.

  5. 30 CFR 75.517-1 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and...-General § 75.517-1 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables installed on or after March 30, 1970, shall have insulation with a dielectric strength at least equal to...

  6. 30 CFR 75.517-1 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and...-General § 75.517-1 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables installed on or after March 30, 1970, shall have insulation with a dielectric strength at least equal to...

  7. 30 CFR 75.517-1 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and...-General § 75.517-1 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables installed on or after March 30, 1970, shall have insulation with a dielectric strength at least equal to...

  8. 30 CFR 75.517-1 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and...-General § 75.517-1 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables installed on or after March 30, 1970, shall have insulation with a dielectric strength at least equal to...

  9. 30 CFR 75.517-1 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and...-General § 75.517-1 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables installed on or after March 30, 1970, shall have insulation with a dielectric strength at least equal to...

  10. Radiation Resistance of XLPE Nano-dielectrics for Advanced Reactor Applications

    SciTech Connect

    Duckworth, Robert C; Polyzos, Georgios; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans; Aytug, Tolga; Leonard, Keith J; Sauers, Isidor

    2014-01-01

    Recently there has been renewed interest in nuclear reactor safety, particularly as commercial reactors are approaching 40 years service and lifetime extensions are considered, as well as for new reactor building projects around the world. The materials that are currently used in cabling for instrumentation, reactor control, and communications include cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), ethylene propylene rubber (EPR), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), neoprene, and chlorosulfonated polyethylene. While these materials show suitable radiation tolerance in laboratory tests, failures before their useful lifetime occur due to the combined environmental effects of radiation, temperature and moisture, or operation under abnormal conditions. In addition, the extended use of commercial reactors beyond their original service life places a greater demand on insulating materials to perform beyond their current ratings in these nuclear environments. Nanocomposite materials that are based on XLPE and other epoxy resins incorporating TiO2, MgO, SiO2, and Al2O3 nanoparticles are being fabricated using a novel in-situ method established at ORNL to demonstrate materials with increased resistance to radiation. As novel nanocomposite dielectric materials are developed, characterization of the non-irradiated and irradiated nanodielectrics will lead to a knowledge base that allow for dielectric materials to be engineered with specific nanoparticle additions for maximum benefit to wide-variety of radiation environments found in nuclear reactors. This paper presents the initial findings on the development of XLPE-based SiO2 nano-composite dielectrics in the context of electrical performance and radiation degradation.

  11. Flexible gas insulated cable for high power transmission

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Artbauer, J.; Renftel, W.

    1982-07-01

    The dielectric losses which increase as the square of voltage and limit power transmission capacity of paper/oil impregnated isolated cables were studied. This limitation disappears by using gas insulation. Tube transmission lines isolated with SF6 gas were developed. Their conception was paired with a lot of inconveniences: short length, numerous connections, special curved sections and necessity of dilation joints. A test cable was fabricated from Al wire conductors, epoxy resin spacer insulators, and an external sheath of 3 mm thick Al-Mn alloy strip. A special high tension testing device was also constructed. The development of such a cable for 220 kV and of its components involved electric field computations, electrical, mechanical, and thermal measurements, elaboration of test and calculation methods, manufacture and testing of cable samples. Tests show that the transmission capacity of the cable in air surpasses 1000 MVA. Due to the limits set by the sheath diameter and the gas pressure, the 380 kV level cannot be attained with the design.

  12. He II heat transfer through superconducting cables electrical insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baudouy, B.; François, M. X.; Juster, F.-P.; Meuris, C.

    2000-02-01

    For NbTi magnets cooled by superfluid helium (He II), the most severe heat barrier comes from the electrical insulation of the cables. Tests on electrical multi-layer insulations, made of Kapton ®, dry fiber and epoxy resin impregnated fiberglass tapes, indicate that heat transfer is influenced by He II contained in the insulation. Electrical insulation can be considered as a composite material made of a solid matrix with a complicated helium channels network. For several insulations, this network is characterized by steady-state heat transfer experiment through an elementary insulation pattern. Measurements in Landau regime for low temperature difference (10 -5-10 -3 K) and in Gorter-Mellink (GM) regime for higher temperature differences permit to determine an equivalent He II channel cross-section (10 -6 m 2) with an equivalent channel thickness (25 μm). We use the assumptions that He II heat transfer through the channels network and conduction in the insulation are decoupled and that the channels length is determined from the insulation overlap. It is observed that He II heat transfer is competing with conduction in the insulation. Furthermore, the measurements reveal an anomaly of heat transfer in the vicinity of the λ temperature which is associated to the phenomenon of λ-point depression.

  13. Optimization of electron beam crosslinking of wire and cable insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zimek, Zbigniew; Przybytniak, Grażyna; Nowicki, Andrzej

    2012-09-01

    The computer simulations based on Monte Carlo (MC) method and the ModeCEB software were carried out in connection with electron beam (EB) radiation set-up for crosslinking of electric wire and cable insulation. The theoretical predictions for absorbed dose distribution in irradiated electric insulation induced by scanned EB were compared to the experimental results of irradiation that was carried out in the experimental set-up based on ILU 6 electron accelerator with electron energy 0.5-2.0 MeV. The computer simulation of the dose distributions in two-sided irradiation system by a scanned electron beam in multilayer circular objects was performed for various process parameters, namely electric wire and cable geometry (thickness of insulation layers and copper wire diameter), type of polymer insulation, electron energy, energy spread and geometry of electron beam, electric wire and cable layout in irradiation zone. The geometry of electron beam distribution in the irradiation zone was measured using CTA and PVC foil dosimeters for available electron energy range. The temperature rise of the irradiated electric wire and irradiation homogeneity were evaluated for different experimental conditions to optimize technological process parameters. The results of computer simulation are consistent with the experimental data of dose distribution evaluated by gel-fraction measurements. Such conformity indicates that ModeCEB computer simulation is reliable and sufficient for optimization absorbed dose distribution in the multi-layer circular objects irradiated with scanned electron beams.

  14. Riser-cable development for ocean-thermal-energy conversion plants. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1982-12-01

    Developmental testing and analysis of OTEC riser cables and component materials has been undertaken. Two full-size riser cables have been manufactured and tested, one using cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) insulation, the other using self-contained, oil filled (SCOF) insulation. These cables and their components have been subjected to testing which simulates handling and insulation prior to OTEC service, as well as the electrical and mechanical loads predicted in service. Results of testing and analyses to date indicate that the XLPE cable has significant potential in the OTEC riser application. The cable has performed well in mechanical and electrical testing. The results for the SCOF cable are mixed. The SCOF cable collapses due to pressure at depths typical of OTEC service; slippage may occur within the insulation or between the conductor and insulation which could result in early cable failure. Particular attention must be paid to alleviating these problems in future cable design efforts. Implications of these findings for cable and system development are presented for use by OTEC platform designers. These findings are subject to change as additional test data are obtained.

  15. 30 CFR 75.517 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. 75.517 Section 75.517 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...-General § 75.517 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables, except...

  16. 30 CFR 75.517 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. 75.517 Section 75.517 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...-General § 75.517 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables, except...

  17. 30 CFR 75.517 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. 75.517 Section 75.517 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...-General § 75.517 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables, except...

  18. 30 CFR 75.517 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. 75.517 Section 75.517 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...-General § 75.517 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables, except...

  19. 30 CFR 75.517 - Power wires and cables; insulation and protection.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. 75.517 Section 75.517 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...-General § 75.517 Power wires and cables; insulation and protection. Power wires and cables, except...

  20. Cost-Effective Cable Insulation: Nanoclay Reinforced Ethylene-Propylene-Rubber for Low-Cost HVDC Cabling

    SciTech Connect

    2012-02-24

    GENI Project: GE is developing new, low-cost insulation for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) electricity transmission cables. The current material used to insulate HVDC transmission cables is very expensive and can account for as much as 1/3 of the total cost of a high-voltage transmission system. GE is embedding nanomaterials into specialty rubber to create its insulation. Not only are these materials less expensive than those used in conventional HVDC insulation, but also they will help suppress excess charge accumulation. The excess charge left behind on a cable poses a major challenge for high-voltage insulation—if it’s not kept to a low level, it could ultimately lead the insulation to fail. GE’s low-cost insulation is compatible with existing U.S. cable manufacturing processes, further enhancing its cost effectiveness.

  1. 30 CFR 75.517-2 - Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Plans for insulation of existing bare power... Equipment-General § 75.517-2 Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables. (a) On or before December 31, 1970, plans for the insulation of existing bare power wires and cables installed prior...

  2. 30 CFR 75.517-2 - Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Plans for insulation of existing bare power... Equipment-General § 75.517-2 Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables. (a) On or before December 31, 1970, plans for the insulation of existing bare power wires and cables installed prior...

  3. 30 CFR 75.517-2 - Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Plans for insulation of existing bare power... Equipment-General § 75.517-2 Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables. (a) On or before December 31, 1970, plans for the insulation of existing bare power wires and cables installed prior...

  4. 30 CFR 75.517-2 - Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Plans for insulation of existing bare power... Equipment-General § 75.517-2 Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables. (a) On or before December 31, 1970, plans for the insulation of existing bare power wires and cables installed prior...

  5. 30 CFR 75.517-2 - Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Plans for insulation of existing bare power... Equipment-General § 75.517-2 Plans for insulation of existing bare power wires and cables. (a) On or before December 31, 1970, plans for the insulation of existing bare power wires and cables installed prior...

  6. Studies on electrical cable insulation for nuclear applications

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, B.S.; Soo, P.; MacKenzie, D.R.; Blackburn, P.

    1989-12-01

    Two new polyethylene cable insulations have been formulated for nuclear applications, and have been tested under gamma radiation. Both insulations are based on low density polyethylene, one with PbO and the other with Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} as additives. The test results show that the concept of using inorganic anti-oxidants to retard radiation initiated oxidation is viable, and PbO is more effective than Sb{sub 2}O{sub 3} in slowing down radiation initiated oxidation (RIO). Also, radiation degradation data for polyethylene and polyvinyl chloride at 60{degrees}C have been generated, which will be used to understand radiation initiated oxidation process on these materials combined with the 25{degrees}C data that will be generated in the future. 14 refs., 41 figs., 3 tabs.

  7. 49 CFR 234.267 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Inspections and Tests § 234.267 Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation... thereafter. (b) Insulation resistance tests shall be made between all conductors and ground,...

  8. 49 CFR 234.267 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Inspections and Tests § 234.267 Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation... thereafter. (b) Insulation resistance tests shall be made between all conductors and ground,...

  9. 49 CFR 234.267 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... Inspections and Tests § 234.267 Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation... thereafter. (b) Insulation resistance tests shall be made between all conductors and ground,...

  10. 30 CFR 56.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 56.12008 Section 56.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... MINES Electricity § 56.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. Power wires and...

  11. 30 CFR 56.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 56.12008 Section 56.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... MINES Electricity § 56.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. Power wires and...

  12. 30 CFR 56.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 56.12008 Section 56.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... MINES Electricity § 56.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. Power wires and...

  13. 30 CFR 56.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 56.12008 Section 56.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... MINES Electricity § 56.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. Power wires and...

  14. 30 CFR 56.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 56.12008 Section 56.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... MINES Electricity § 56.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. Power wires and...

  15. 30 CFR 75.818 - Use of insulated cable handling equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Use of insulated cable handling equipment. 75... Distribution High-Voltage Longwalls § 75.818 Use of insulated cable handling equipment. (a) Energized...

  16. 30 CFR 75.818 - Use of insulated cable handling equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Use of insulated cable handling equipment. 75... Distribution High-Voltage Longwalls § 75.818 Use of insulated cable handling equipment. (a) Energized...

  17. 30 CFR 75.818 - Use of insulated cable handling equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Use of insulated cable handling equipment. 75... Distribution High-Voltage Longwalls § 75.818 Use of insulated cable handling equipment. (a) Energized...

  18. 30 CFR 75.818 - Use of insulated cable handling equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Use of insulated cable handling equipment. 75... Distribution High-Voltage Longwalls § 75.818 Use of insulated cable handling equipment. (a) Energized...

  19. Research on insulation design method of a cold dielectric type superconducting cable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kwag, D. S.; Choi, J. W.; Kim, H. J.; Cho, J. W.; Kim, S. H.

    2008-09-01

    It is important that study on cryogenic electrical insulation design to develop the cold dielectric (CD) type high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable because the cable is operated under the high-voltage environment in cryogenic temperature. Therefore, this paper describes a design method for the electrical insulation layer of the CD type HTS cable adopting the partial discharge (PD)-free design under ac stress, based on the experimental results such a partial discharge inception stress (PDIE) and V- t characteristics, and an impulse breakdown strength of liquid nitrogen (LN 2)/laminated polypropylene paper (LPP) composite insulation system in which the mini-model cable is immersed into pressurized LN 2.

  20. The insulation coordination and surge arrester design for HTS cable system in Icheon substation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Hansang; Yoon, Dong-Hee; Lee, Seung-Ryul; Yang, Byeong-Mo; Jang, Gilsoo

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes an insulation coordination and surge arrester design for HTS (High-Temperature Superconducting) cable system in Icheon substation in Korea. In the aspect of the economic analysis, since the HTS cable is very expensive, the insulation coordination to prevent the dielectric breakdown caused by the lightning surge should be considered carefully. Also, in the aspect of the power system reliability, since the HTS cable has much more capacity compared than conventional power cables and the ripple effect from the HTS cable failure may lead to the wide area blackout, an intensive study for insulation coordination from lightning surge is one of the most important considerations. In this paper, the insulation coordination for lightning surge is verified using HTS cable and power equipment models and the design of the proper surge arrester is proposed.

  1. 30 CFR 75.516-2 - Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...; insulation; support. 75.516-2 Section 75.516-2 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... Equipment-General § 75.516-2 Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support. (a) All... wires and trolley feeder wires. Additional insulation shall be provided for communication circuits...

  2. 30 CFR 75.516-2 - Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...; insulation; support. 75.516-2 Section 75.516-2 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... Equipment-General § 75.516-2 Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support. (a) All... wires and trolley feeder wires. Additional insulation shall be provided for communication circuits...

  3. 30 CFR 75.516-2 - Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...; insulation; support. 75.516-2 Section 75.516-2 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... Equipment-General § 75.516-2 Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support. (a) All... wires and trolley feeder wires. Additional insulation shall be provided for communication circuits...

  4. 30 CFR 75.516-2 - Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...; insulation; support. 75.516-2 Section 75.516-2 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... Equipment-General § 75.516-2 Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support. (a) All... wires and trolley feeder wires. Additional insulation shall be provided for communication circuits...

  5. 49 CFR 234.267 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... STATE ACTION PLANS Maintenance, Inspection, and Testing Inspections and Tests § 234.267 Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance tests shall be made when wires...

  6. 30 CFR 75.516-2 - Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...; insulation; support. 75.516-2 Section 75.516-2 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION... Equipment-General § 75.516-2 Communication wires and cables; installation; insulation; support. (a) All... wires and trolley feeder wires. Additional insulation shall be provided for communication circuits...

  7. 49 CFR 234.267 - Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and... STATE ACTION PLANS Maintenance, Inspection, and Testing Inspections and Tests § 234.267 Insulation resistance tests, wires in trunking and cables. (a) Insulation resistance tests shall be made when wires...

  8. 30 CFR 57.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 57.12008 Section 57.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires...

  9. 30 CFR 57.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 57.12008 Section 57.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires...

  10. 30 CFR 57.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 57.12008 Section 57.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires...

  11. 30 CFR 57.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 57.12008 Section 57.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires...

  12. 30 CFR 57.12008 - Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Insulation and fittings for power wires and cables. 57.12008 Section 57.12008 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... NONMETAL MINES Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12008 Insulation and fittings for power wires...

  13. Development of optimized PPP insulated pipe-cable systems in the commercial voltage range. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Allam, E.M.; McKean, A.L.

    1992-05-01

    The primary objectives of this project included the development of an alternate domestic source of Paper-Polypropylene-Paper (PPP) laminate and the development of optimized designs for PPP-insulated pipe-type cable systems in the commercial voltage range. The development of a domestic source of PPP laminate was successfully completed. This laminate was utilized throughout the program for fabrication of full-size prototype cables submitted for laboratory qualification tests. Selected cables at rated voltages of 138, 230 and 345kV have been designed, fabricated and subjected to the series of qualification tests leading to full laboratory qualification. An optimized design of 2000 kcmil, 345kV cable insulated with 600 mils of domestic PPP laminate was fabricated and successfully passed all laboratory qualification tests. This cable design was subsequently installed at Waltz Mill to undergo the series of field tests leading to full commercial qualification.

  14. Development of optimized PPP insulated pipe-cable systems in the commercial voltage range

    SciTech Connect

    Allam, E.M.; McKean, A.L. )

    1992-05-01

    The primary objectives of this project included the development of an alternate domestic source of Paper-Polypropylene-Paper (PPP) laminate and the development of optimized designs for PPP-insulated pipe-type cable systems in the commercial voltage range. The development of a domestic source of PPP laminate was successfully completed. This laminate was utilized throughout the program for fabrication of full-size prototype cables submitted for laboratory qualification tests. Selected cables at rated voltages of 138, 230 and 345kV have been designed, fabricated and subjected to the series of qualification tests leading to full laboratory qualification. An optimized design of 2000 kcmil, 345kV cable insulated with 600 mils of domestic PPP laminate was fabricated and successfully passed all laboratory qualification tests. This cable design was subsequently installed at Waltz Mill to undergo the series of field tests leading to full commercial qualification.

  15. A polytetrafluorethylene insulated cable for high temperature oxygen aerospace applications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sheppard, A. T.; Webber, R. G.

    1983-01-01

    For electrical cables to function and survive in the severe high temperature oxygen environment that will be experienced in the external tanks of the space shuttle, extreme cleanliness and material purity is required. A flexible light weight cable has been developed for use in pure oxygen at worst case temperatures of -190 to +260 degrees Centigrade and pressures as high as 44 pounds per square inch absolute. A comprehensive series of tests were performed on cables manufactured to the best commercial practices in order to establish the basic guidelines for control of build configuration as well as each material used in construction of the cable.

  16. Improved conventional testing of power plant cables. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Anadakumaran, K.; Braun, J.M.; DiPaul, J.A. |

    1995-09-01

    The objective of the project is to develop improved condition monitoring techniques to assess the condition of power plant cables, particularly the unshielded cables found in older thermal plants. The cables of interest were insulated with PVC, butyl rubber, SBR (styrene butadiene rubber), EPR (ethylene propylene rubber), PE and XLPE (crosslinked polyethylene) as either single conductor, twisted pair, shielded and unshielded. The cables were thermally aged to embrittlement and characterized by physical, chemical and electrical tests. Physical characterization included, in addition to reference tensile elongation, tests performed on microscopic samples for quasi-nondestructive examination. Different tests proved particularly suited to different types of insulation. The dielectric characterization underlined the value of performing tests at other than power frequency and/or dc. Electric field calculations were carried out to develop a field testing strategy for unshielded cables and notably to investigate the feasibility of providing a suitable ground plane by testing conductor to grounded conductors(s). Two major electrical diagnostic test techniques were investigated in detail, low frequency insulation analysis to probe the bulk condition of insulations and partial discharge (PD) testing to detect cracks and defects. PD testing is well established but more challenging to perform with unshielded cables. Because of the attenuation properties of typical plant cables, a dual ended detector configuration is necessary. Two novel techniques were developed to provide dual ended detection without need for a second cable as the return path from the far end detector.

  17. Development of 500-kV AC cable employing laminar insulation of other than conventional cellulosic paper. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Bahder, G.; Eager, G.S. Jr.; Walker, J.J.; Dima, A.F.

    1980-09-01

    The results of an investigation to develop a 500 kV ac laminar dielectric power cable and joint having insulation with lower losses than conventional cellulosic paper insulation are presented. Background information is presented on proposed low-loss synthetic and composite synthetic/cellulosic paper insulations. From these studies, fibrous polypropylene paper tape and cellulosic paper-polypropylene film-cellulosic paper composite paper (PPP) were chosen. Extensive testing of hand-wrapped cable models fabricated with each type of tape served to eliminate the fibrous polypropylene paper tape from further consideration. Cable model tests indicate that the PPP tape is satisfactory for insulation in 500 kV ac cable, and that oil impregnants now used in conventional cellulosic paper insulated cables are unsuitable, but that silicone oil with an additive is satisfactory for PPP tapes. Laboratory data indicate that it may be necessary with the PPP tapes to use a significantly lower viscosity impregnating oil which has a greater tendency to drain from pipe-type cables than conventional oil. This may require a modification of the moisture seal. Four final pipe-type cables having a conventional moisture seal were manufactured for possible future field testing. The dielectric loss of the final cables is one-fifth that of conventional cellulosic paper insulated cables. The estimated installed cost per MVA-mile of the PPP insulated cable, neglecting losses, is higher than cellulosic insulated cables impregnated with conventional mineral oil. However, the capacitance of the cable insulated with PPP tape is 25% lower than conventional cable, and therefore, the reactance necessary to compensate for the cable charging current is significantly reduced.

  18. Adhesives for laminating polyimide insulated flat conductor cable

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Montermoso, J. C.; Saxton, T. R.; Taylor, R. L.

    1967-01-01

    Polymer adhesive laminates polyimide-film flat conductor cable. It is obtained by reacting an appropriate diamine with a dianhydride. The adhesive has also been used in the lamination of copper to copper for the preparation of multilayer circuit boards.

  19. Thermal insulation performance of flexible piping for use in HTS power cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fesmire, J. E.; Augustynowicz, S. D.; Demko, J. A.

    2002-05-01

    High-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables that typically operate at temperatures below 80 kelvin (K) are being developed for power transmission. The practical application of HTS power cables will require the use of flexible piping to contain the cable and the liquid nitrogen coolant. A study of thermal performance of multilayer insulation (MLI) was conducted in geometries representing both rigid and flexible piping. This experimental study performed at the Cryogenics Test Laboratory of NASA Kennedy Space Center provides a framework for the development of cost-effective, efficient thermal insulation systems that will support these long-distance flexible lines containing HTS power cables. The overall thermal performance of the insulation system for a rigid configuration and for a flexible configuration, simulating a flexible HTS power cable, was determined by the steady-state liquid nitrogen boiloff method under the full range of vacuum levels. Two different cylindrically rolled material systems were tested: a standard MLI and a layered composite insulation (LCI). Comparisons of ideal MLI, MLI on rigid piping, and MLI between flexible piping are presented.

  20. Thermal Insulation Performance of Flexible Piping for Use in HTS Power Cables

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fesmire, James E.; Augustynowicz, S. D.; Demko, J. A.; Thompson, Karen (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    High-temperature superconducting (HTS) cables that typically operate at temperatures below 80 K are being developed for power transmission. The practical application of HTS power cables will require the use of flexible piping to contain the cable and the liquid nitrogen coolant. A study of thermal performance of multilayer insulation (MLI) was conducted in geometries representing both rigid and flexible piping. This experimental study performed at the Cryogenics Test Laboratory of NASA Kennedy Space Center provides a framework for the development of cost-effective, efficient thermal insulation systems that will support these long-distance flexible lines containing HTS power cables. The overall thermal performance of the insulation system for a rigid configuration and for a flexible configuration, simulating a flexible HTS power cable, was determined by the steady-state liquid nitrogen boiloff method under the full range of vacuum levels. Two different cylindrically rolled material systems were tested: a standard MLI and a layered composite insulation (LCI). Comparisons of ideal MLI, MLI on rigid piping, and MLI between flexible piping are presented.

  1. Development of 500 kV DC PPLP-insulated oil-filled submarine cable

    SciTech Connect

    Fujimori, A.; Tanaka, T.; Takashima, H.; Imajo, T.; Hata, R.; Tanabe, T.; Yoshida, S.; Kakihana, T.

    1996-01-01

    This paper outlines the development of a 500 kV DC oil-filled submarine cable capable of transmitting 2,800 MW with {+-} 500 kV 2800A bipole system. Polypropylene Laminated Paper (PPL) was employed as the insulation material, which is the worlds first application to DC cables. The conductor size is 3,000 mm{sup 2}, which is the largest size for submarine cables ever put into practical use. Through various fundamental and prototype tests, the cable proved to have excellent electrical characteristics for DC voltage as well as transient overvoltage. The cable and accessories are currently undergoing a long-term accelerated aging test as the final confirmation of their reliability and stability.

  2. Safety research of insulating materials of cable for nuclear power generating station

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, C. K.; Choi, J. H.; Kong, Y. K.; Chang, H. S.

    1988-01-01

    The polymers PE, EPR, PVC, Neoprene, CSP, CLPE, EP and other similar substances are frequently used as insulation and protective covering for cables used in nuclear power generating stations. In order to test these materials for flame retardation, environmental resistance, and cable specifications, they were given the cable normal test, flame test, chemical tests, and subjected to design analysis and loss of coolant accident tests. Material was collected on spark tests and actual experience standards were established through these contributions and technology was accumulated.

  3. Economics of PPP-insulated pipe-type cable: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Ernst, A.

    1987-10-01

    This study has been designed to establish the economic range of application and the potential cost advantage of PPP-insulated pipe-type cable compared with presently utilized paper-insulated designs. The study is in two parts. In the first part the electrical and thermal characteristics of a range of cable sizes are tabulated. This data can be utilized for planning and economic comparison purposes. In the second part 12 transmission load scenarios are studied to determine the relative cost of various designs considering materials, installation and the losses over a wide range of assumptions.

  4. Assessment of the insulation degradation of cables used in nuclear power plants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bartoníc̆ek, B.; Hnát, V.; Plac̆ek, V.

    1999-05-01

    Cable insulating materials are usually, during their operational lifetime, exposed to a high number of various deteriorative enviromental effects resulting in their degradation. In the case of cables used in the nuclear power plant (NPP) hermetic zone these factors consist predominantly of long-term irradiation (at rather low dose rates, in the presence of oxygen) and enhanced temperature. Hence, all cables assigned for use in NPP have to be qualified for use under such severe conditions. However, not only the initial qualification but also monitoring of the actual state of the installed cables in regular intervals is now recommended. Monitoring of the actual state of the cable insulation and the prediction of their residual service life (i.e., the on-going qualification) consist of the measurement of the properties that are directly proportional to the functionality of the cables (usually the elongation at break is used as the critical parameter). For the cables installed in the NPP hermetic zone a method based on the measurement of the thermo-oxidative stability by the differential scanning calorimetry has been developed.

  5. Effect of processing conditions on the reliability of cross-linked polyethylene cable insulation. First year report

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, P J

    1980-01-01

    Progress is reported in crystallization and morphology, treed cables, and cable production on the reliability of cross-linked polyethylene cable insulation. Scanning electron microscopy of polished surfaces etched with carbon tetrachloride vapor, differential scanning calorimetry and x-ray diffraction were used for morphological investigations until recently when good results have been obtained using the technique of permanganic acid etching. (FS)

  6. On the use of doped polyethylene as an insulating material for HVDC cables

    SciTech Connect

    Khalil, M.S.

    1996-12-31

    The merits of HVDC cables with polymeric insulation are well recognized. However, the development of such cables is still hampered due to the problems resulting from the complicated dependence of the electrical conductivity of the polymer on the temperature and the dc electric field and the effects of space charge accumulation in this material. Different methods have been suggested to solve these problems yet none of these methods seem to give a conclusive solution. The present report provides, firstly a critical review of the previous works reported in the literature concerning the development of HVDC cables with polymeric insulation. Different aspects of those works are examined and discussed. Secondly, an account is given on an investigation using low density polyethylene (LDPE) doped with an inorganic additive as a candidate insulating material for HVDC cables. Preliminary results from measurements of dc breakdown strength and insulation resistivity of both the undoped and the doped materials are presented. It is shown that the incorporation of an inorganic additive into LDPE has improved the performance of the doped material under polarity reversal dc conditions at room temperature. Moreover, the dependency of the insulation resistivity on temperature for the doped material appears to be beneficially modified.

  7. TSDC study of XLPE recrystallization effects in the melting range of temperatures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diego, J. A.; Belana, J.; Òrrit, J.; Sellarès, J.; Mudarra, M.; Cañadas, J. C.

    2006-05-01

    The electrical properties of crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE), employed in mid-voltage cable insulation are studied using thermally stimulated depolarization currents (TSDC), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and x-ray diffraction. A complex heteropolar peak appears by TSDC between 50 and 110 °C, with a maximum at 105 °C. These measurements reveal that there is an optimal polarization temperature (Tpo) around 90 °C. For this polarization temperature, the measured discharge peak area is maximum. Although the presence of a Tpo is common in the study of relaxations by TSDC, in this case one would expect a monotonic decrease in the TSDC response with increasing polarization temperatures due to the decrease in the total crystalline fraction. In this paper, TSDC curves obtained under several conditions are interpreted in terms of recrystallization processes in XLPE during the polarization stage, if the sample is polarized in the melting temperature range. In this case, the recrystallization of a fraction of the material molten at this temperature promotes the formation of more stable and defect-free crystals. The presence of recrystallization processes is detected by DSC and confirmed by x-ray diffractometry. TSDC measurements have been performed with samples polarized at several temperatures (Tp) cooling from the melt or heating from room temperature. Also, TSDC results are obtained with previous annealing or with several cooling rates. These results allow us to infer that crystalline material grown from recrystallization processes that take place in the polarization stage attains a particularly stable polarization. Possible microscopical causes of this effect are discussed.

  8. "Flexible aerogel as a superior thermal insulation for high temperature superconductor cable applications"

    SciTech Connect

    White, Shannon O.; Demko, Jonathan A; Tomich, A.

    2010-01-01

    High temperature superconducting (HTS) cables are an advanced technology that can both strengthen and improve the national electrical distribution infrastructure. HTS cables require sufficient cooling to overcome inherent low temperature heat loading. Heat loads are minimized by the use of cryogenic envelopes or cryostats. Cryostats require improvement in efficiency, reliability, and cost reduction to meet the demanding needs of HTS conductors (1G and 2G wires). Aspen Aerogels has developed a compression resistant aerogel thermal insulation package to replace compression sensitive multi-layer insulation (MLI), the incumbent thermal insulation, in flexible cryostats for HTS cables. Oak Ridge National Laboratory tested a prototype aerogel package in a lab-scale pipe apparatus to measure the rate of heat invasion. The lab-scale pipe test results of the aerogel solution will be presented and directly compared to MLI. A compatibility assessment of the aerogel material with HTS system components will also be presented. The aerogel thermal insulation solution presented will meet the demanding needs of HTS cables.

  9. On the Degradation Mechanism of Low-Voltage Underground Cable with Poly(Vinyl Chloride) Insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tawancy, H. M.; Hassan, M.

    2016-06-01

    A study has been undertaken to determine the degradation mechanism leading to localized short-circuit failures of an underground low-voltage cable with PVC insulation. It is shown that that the insulation of outer sheath and conductor cores has been cracked by thermal degradation involving dehydrochlorination, oxidation, and loss of plasticizers leading to current leakage between the cores. Most evidence points out that overheating due to poor connection of copper wires as well as a chemically active soil has caused the observed degradation.

  10. Steady-state heat transfer in He II through porous superconducting cable insulation

    SciTech Connect

    Baudouy, B.J.P.; Juster, F.P.; Meuris, C.; Vieillard, L.

    1996-12-31

    The LHC program includes the study of thermal behavior of the superconducting cables wound in the dipole magnet cooled by superfluid helium (He II). Insulation of these superconducting cables forms the major thermal shield hindering the He II cooling. This is particularly a problem in magnets which are subjected to thermal loads. To investigate He II heat transfer processes an experimental model has been realized which creates a one-dimensional heat transfer in such media. Insulation is generally realized by wrapping around the superconducting cable a combination of different kind of Kapton{reg_sign} tapes, fiber-glass impregnated by epoxy resin or Kevlar{reg_sign} fiber tapes. Steady-state heat transfer in He II through these multi-layer porous slabs has been analyzed. Experimental results for a range of heat flux show the existence of different thermal regimes related to He II. It is shown that the parameters of importance are a global geometrical factor which could be considered as an equivalent {open_quotes}permeability{close_quotes} related to He II heat transfer, the transfer function f(T) of He II and the thermal conductivity of the slab. The authors present and analyze results for different insulations as a function of the temperature.

  11. Long-term aging and loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) testing of electrical cables

    SciTech Connect

    Nelson, C.F.; Gauthier, G.; Carlin, F.

    1996-10-01

    Experiments were performed to assess the aging degradation and loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) behavior of electrical cables subjected to long-term aging exposures. Four different cable types were tested in both the U.S. and France: (1) U.S. 2 conductor with ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) insulation and a Hypalon jacket. (2) U.S. 3 conductor with cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE) insulation and a Hypalon jacket. (3) French 3 conductor with EPR insulation and a Hypalon jacket. (4) French coaxial with polyethylene (PE) insulation and a PE jacket. The data represent up to 5 years of simultaneous aging where the cables were exposed to identical aging radiation doses at either 40{degrees}C or 70{degrees}C; however, the dose rate used for the aging irradiation was varied over a wide range (2-100 Gy/hr). Aging was followed by exposure to simulated French LOCA conditions. Several mechanical, electrical, and physical-chemical condition monitoring techniques were used to investigate the degradation behavior of the cables. All the cables, except for the French PE cable, performed acceptably during the aging and LOCA simulations. In general, cable degradation at a given dose was highest for the lowest dose rate, and the amount of degradation decreased as the dose rate was increased.

  12. Techniques for the protection of gas-insulated substation to cable interfaces

    SciTech Connect

    Fujimoto, N.; Croall, S.J.; Foty, S.M. )

    1988-10-01

    Line-to-ground faults in gas-insulated substations (GIS) generate fast nanosecond risetime transients which cause sparkovers across the insulated flange of high pressure oil filled cable/GIS interfaces. The ionized path formed by the sparkovers creates a low-impedance path for power frequency fault current, resulting in flange damage with potentially serious consequences. Various techniques for protecting the insulating flange from such damage are investigated and discussed, both in terms of new designs and in terms of retrofits for existing installations. In order to be effective, each protection scheme must adequately deal with the fast transients generated by breakdown in the GIS. As the frequencies of these transients are 1 to 2 orders of magnitude higher than for ''conventional'' power system transients, special considerations are necessary in the protection scheme chosen.

  13. Theory of inception mechanism and growth of defect-induced damage in polyethylene cable insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Serra, S.; Montanari, G. C.; Mazzanti, G.

    2005-08-01

    We have investigated theoretically the inception mechanism and growth of the damage inside the insulation system of a polymeric cable under working conditions. We focused, in particular, our attention on damage originating from microscopic defects such as voids. In order to clarify the implications of these defects for cable failure, we have developed a theoretical model based on the theory of electrical avalanche solving numerically its basic equations. Calculations of the ionization rates of atmospheric gas filling the voids are done as a function of the applied electric stress and void dimensions. Estimates of the energy release and local damage in polyethylene produced by the resulting hot-electron discharge are given. The developed physical model of damage growth compares reasonably well with known experimental data.

  14. Chlorine Release from Hypalon Cable Insulation During Severe Nuclear Reactor Accidents

    SciTech Connect

    Auvinen, Ari; Zilliacus, Riitta; Jokiniemi, Jorma

    2005-02-15

    Pyrolytic dehydrochlorination of the electrical cable insulation Hypalon was studied as a function of time and temperature. The chlorine evolution was determined separately by means of on-line activity measurements and by neutron activation analysis in the temperature range 200 deg. C to 300 deg. C, with one test conducted at 500 deg. C. The object of the research was to determine the chlorine release and the chlorine release fraction as a function of temperature. The data obtained were needed to formulate conclusions regarding the release mechanisms of chlorine. Estimates of the amount of hydrochloric acid released to the containment building in a severe reactor accident were also calculated. It can be concluded that the amount of chlorine release from the Hypalon cable is significant and will have an effect on iodine behavior in a severe accident.

  15. A Novel Electrical Insulating Material for 275 kV High-Voltage HTS Cable with Low Dielectric Loss

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hayakawa, N.; Nishimachi, S.; Maruyama, O.; Ohkuma, T.; Liu, J.; Yagi, M.

    2014-05-01

    In the case of high temperature superconducting (HTS) power transmission cables at high voltage operation, the electrical insulation technique in consideration of the dielectric loss reduction becomes crucial. In this paper, we focused on a Tyvek/polyethylene (PE) sheet, instead of the conventional polypropylene laminated paper (PPLP). We obtained the dielectric characteristics (epsilonr, tanδ) and partial discharge inception strength (PDIE) of PPLP, Tyvek and Tyvek/PE. We pointed out that the dielectric loss of 275 kV HTS cable with Tyvek/PE insulation will be reduced to 21 % of that with PPLP, and the total electrical loss including the AC loss will be reduced to 41 %.

  16. Induced Surge Characteristics on a Control Cable in a Gas-Insulated Substation due to Switching Operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ametani, Akihiro; Goto, Takahiro; Nagaoka, Naoto; Omura, Hiroshi

    This paper has investigated the basic characteristics of switching surges in a gas-insulated substation and induced surges to a control cable based on EMTP simulations. It has been found that a switching surge voltage on the core conductor of a gas-insulated bus (GIB) tends to increase and the oscillating frequency becomes lower as the number of spacers increases. The maximum switching overvoltages become greater at the nodes nearby an operating disconnector (DS)/circuit breaker (CB) and become smaller at the source side. An induced surge to a control cable tends to increase as the parallel length of the GIB and the control cable increases. However, in the case of an open-circuited GIB, there exists a length which gives the highest voltage. A transient current becomes very large if a voltage transformer (VT) or a spacer is installed right next to an operating CB or DS, although this current does not affect the induced and VT transferred surge to the control cable. Also it is observed that a ramp wave voltage causes polarity reversing of a transient voltage on the GIB tank and the control cable.

  17. Technologies for Improved Reliability of Shielded Power Cable and Characterization of Capacitor Film Energy Density

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shu, Wen

    Partial Discharge (PD), a partial breakdown of insulation between high voltage electrodes, reduces cable reliability. Understanding electromagnetic propagation of PD-induced pulses in shielded power cable, including attenuation and dispersion, is essential to the application of PD diagnostics and, especially, PD location. Dispersion is caused by the transition of cable semicon-ducting layers (between the cable conductors and dielectric) from "resistive" at low frequency to "capacitive" at high frequency. Methods are presented to compute dispersion as a function of semiconducting material properties and evaluate the effect of dispersion on pulse characteristics (amplitude, shape, and width, etc.) as a function of distance propagated, the results of which are applied to investigate the effects of dispersion for PD detection and location. The location error induced by dispersion can be compensated from calibration. Electrochemical degradation of cable dielectrics, known as "water treeing", is one of the leading cause of premature failures in underground shielded power cable. Silane-based fluid has been used successfully for decades to rejuvenate HMWPE and XLPE dielectric cables to "cure" existing water trees and extend cable life. However the ability of the treatment to inhibit future water tree initiation is not known. A method for silane fluid treatment of un-aged cable insulation and semicon was developed based on the use of GC/MS to determine curing of the fluid within the dielectric. A wet electrical aging test at 5 kV/mm (127 V/mil) based on a sample which includes semicon electrodes on both sides of the XLPE insulation with a water electrode in contact with one semicon layer was used to age untreated samples, samples treated prior to the test, and samples treated at the mid-time of the test (3500 hrs). The result of aging is analyzed by microscopic examination to determine the number, length and types of water trees. The mechanism by which the silane

  18. Influence of γ-irradiation and temperature on the mechanical properties of EPDM cable insulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šarac, T.; Quiévy, N.; Gusarov, A.; Konstantinović, M. J.

    2016-08-01

    The mechanical properties of EPDM polymers, degraded as a result of extensive thermal and radiochemical aging treatment, are studied. The focus is given to dose rate effects in polymer insulation materials extracted from industrial cables in use in Belgian nuclear power plants. All studied mechanical characteristics such as the ultimate tensile stress, the Young's modulus, and the total elongation (or elongation at break) are found to be strongly affected by the irradiation dose. The ultimate tensile stress and Young's modulus are clearly exhibiting the dose rate effect, which originated from oxidation mediated interplay of polymer cross-linking and chain scission processes. The change of crossover between these two processes is found to be gradual, without critical dose rate or temperature values. On the contrary, the total elongation is observed not to be sensitive neither to irradiation temperature nor to the dose rate. Both cross-linking and chain scission seem to affect the total elongation in a similar way by reducing the average polymers chain length. This idea is confirmed by the model which shows that all total elongation data as a function of irradiation time can be reproduced by varying a single parameter, the pre-exponential factor of the irradiation rate constant.

  19. The influence of macrofouling on two polymers used as insulation on submarine high voltage cables in Cozumel, Mexico

    SciTech Connect

    Ramirez-Delgado, R.; Valero-Huerta, M.A.

    1995-11-01

    Macrofouling is a major source of problems causing poor power plant availability and efficiency. A variety of macrofouling control technologies has been developed for use at power plants, however, only one control technology has been designed to protect submarine cables used for electric transmission. The selection of materials possessing antifouling properties is the method used to control the growth of marine fouling organisms. Such methodology is applied in this study with the purpose of evaluating the behavior of two polymers. This practice will permit choosing the polymer that presents the better antifouling properties. In this study are presented the results obtained from the tension and elongation tests accomplished on two kinds of plastic materials: high density polyethylene (PE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), both of which were exposed to bio-degradation during 106 and 162 days, at different depths in the Caribbean Sea. The proven materials will be used as electrical insulation in submarine cables of high voltage: 115 kV.

  20. Cable insulation development (1). Superconducting power transmission system development (2). Semiannual report, 1 April 1985-30 September 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-04-07

    Objective of the program is to develop an undergound superconducting power transmission system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. The system would be capable of carrying very large blocks of electric power, thus enabling it to supplant overhead lines in urban and suburban areas and regions of natural beauty. the program consisted initially of work in the laboratory to develop suitable materials, cryostats and cable concepts. The materials work covers the development and testing of suitable superconductors and dielectric insulation. The laboratory work has now been extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. The facility allows cables several hundred feet long to be tested under realistic conditions. Six operating runs of two to four weeks duration each have been accomplished.

  1. Comparative gamma radiation and temperature effects on SiO/sub 2/, MgO and Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ insulated nuclear instrument cable

    SciTech Connect

    Cannon, C.P.

    1981-05-01

    The relative merits of SiO/sub 2/, MgO and Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ as insulation for nuclear instrument cables are investigated. Insulation resistance, voltage breakdown phenomena, capacitance, dissipation factors, and spurious voltage and current signals have been investigated on nuclear instrument cables under the combined effects of gamma irradiation (10/sup 5/ R/h) and temperature (to 450/sup 0/C). The SiO/sub 2/, MgO and Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ cables tested were all fabricated to procedures that controlled insulation and backfill gas impurities. The SiO/sub 2/ cables possessed insulation resistances greater than 10/sup 10/ ..cap omega...ft at 450/sup 0/C and 10/sup 5/ R/h - nearly two decades higher than MgO or Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ cables. Spontaneously generated currents as high as 250 nA dc were observed on some cables during thermal cycling tests.

  2. Negative differential mobility for negative carriers as revealed by space charge measurements on crosslinked polyethylene insulated model cables

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Teyssedre, G.; Vu, T. T. N.; Laurent, C.

    2015-12-01

    Among features observed in polyethylene materials under relatively high field, space charge packets, consisting in a pulse of net charge that remains in the form of a pulse as it crosses the insulation, are repeatedly observed but without complete theory explaining their formation and propagation. Positive charge packets are more often reported, and the models based on negative differential mobility(NDM) for the transport of holes could account for some charge packets phenomenology. Conversely, NDM for electrons transport has never been reported so far. The present contribution reports space charge measurements by pulsed electroacoustic method on miniature cables that are model of HVDC cables. The measurements were realized at room temperature or with a temperature gradient of 10 °C through the insulation under DC fields on the order 30-60 kV/mm. Space charge results reveal systematic occurrence of a negative front of charges generated at the inner electrode that moves toward the outer electrode at the beginning of the polarization step. It is observed that the transit time of the front of negative charge increases, and therefore the mobility decreases, with the applied voltage. Further, the estimated mobility, in the range 10-14-10-13 m2 V-1 s-1 for the present results, increases when the temperature increases for the same condition of applied voltage. The features substantiate the hypothesis of negative differential mobility used for modelling space charge packets.

  3. Cable insulation development (1): Superconducting power transmission system development (2): Annual report for the period 1 October 1985-30 September 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-02-09

    Progress is reported for two projects, the development of a superconducting power transmission system and an ambient temperature high stress power cable. The objective of the superconducting power transmission cable program is to develop a system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. Laboratory work in this project has extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. Ambient temperature high stress cable development has involved development of a fully synthetic polyethylene or polypropylene dielectric tape for use as electrical insulation. 12 figs., 5 tabs.

  4. Control of Cable Insulation Quality by Changing of Electrical Capacitance Per Unit During High Voltage Testing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Starikova, N. S.; Redko, V. V.; Vavilova, G. V.

    2016-01-01

    The paper describes the complex method of insulation quality control. It was found that electrical contact between bead chain electrodes and insulation surface can be provided by surface discharges along the entire length of the controlled zone. The pattern of electromagnetic field was developed by using Comsol Myltiphysics software.

  5. Effects of processing conditions on the reliability of cross-linked polyethylene cable insulation. Progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Phillips, P.J.

    1981-03-01

    Crystallization and morphology were investigated in cross-linked PE. /sup 13/C NMR was used to quantify the cross-links. Production of cable is being studied. Dielectric constant and loss of cross-linked PE are being measured. (DLC)

  6. Negative differential mobility for negative carriers as revealed by space charge measurements on crosslinked polyethylene insulated model cables

    SciTech Connect

    Teyssedre, G. Laurent, C.; Vu, T. T. N.

    2015-12-21

    Among features observed in polyethylene materials under relatively high field, space charge packets, consisting in a pulse of net charge that remains in the form of a pulse as it crosses the insulation, are repeatedly observed but without complete theory explaining their formation and propagation. Positive charge packets are more often reported, and the models based on negative differential mobility(NDM) for the transport of holes could account for some charge packets phenomenology. Conversely, NDM for electrons transport has never been reported so far. The present contribution reports space charge measurements by pulsed electroacoustic method on miniature cables that are model of HVDC cables. The measurements were realized at room temperature or with a temperature gradient of 10 °C through the insulation under DC fields on the order 30–60 kV/mm. Space charge results reveal systematic occurrence of a negative front of charges generated at the inner electrode that moves toward the outer electrode at the beginning of the polarization step. It is observed that the transit time of the front of negative charge increases, and therefore the mobility decreases, with the applied voltage. Further, the estimated mobility, in the range 10{sup −14}–10{sup −13} m{sup 2} V{sup −1} s{sup −1} for the present results, increases when the temperature increases for the same condition of applied voltage. The features substantiate the hypothesis of negative differential mobility used for modelling space charge packets.

  7. Prediction of [3-(14)C]phenyldodecane biodegradation in cable insulating oil-spiked soil using selected extraction techniques.

    PubMed

    Dew, Nadia M; Paton, Graeme I; Semple, Kirk T

    2005-11-01

    This study investigated the use of an aqueous hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HPCD) shake extraction in predicting microbial mineralisation and total loss of [3-(14)C]phenyldodecane associated activity in soils spiked with cable insulating oil; phenyldodecane represents a major constituent of cable insulating oil. Direct comparisons were made between freshly spiked and aged soils, and following composting. Soil was spiked with [3-(14)C]phenyldodecane (10mg kg(-1)) and stored in microcosms and aged for 1, 23, 44, 65, 90 and 153 d. At each sample time point, a variety of analyses were performed to assess the relationship between chemical and biological techniques in determining mineralisation and loss of (14)C-activity in soils under composting and non-composting conditions. Methods included determination of total (14)C-activity remaining, dichloromethane (DCM) and HPCD extractions. Mineralisation assays were also carried out to quantify the fraction of (14)C-phenyldodecane associated activity available for degradation in the soil at each time point. DCM and HPCD extractability were compared to contaminant mineralisation and to total loss of (14)C-phenyldodecane associated activity from the microcosms, after 153 d incubation. Poor relationships were found between (i) the amount of (14)C-activity mineralised and the fraction removed from the soils using DCM extraction and (ii) DCM extraction and total loss of [(14)C]phenyldodecane associated activity from the soil systems. Good relationships were observed between (i) the amount of (14)C-activity mineralised and the fraction removed from the soils using the HPCD extraction and (ii) HPCD extraction and total loss of [(14)C]phenyldodecane associated activity from the soil systems. The results of this study indicate that an aqueous HPCD extraction may be a useful tool in assessing the microbial availability of phenyldodecane in freshly and aged spiked soils. PMID:15949878

  8. Heat transfer through the flat surface of Rutherford superconducting cable samples with novel pattern of electrical insulation immersed in He II

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Strychalski, M.; Chorowski, M.; Polinski, J.

    2014-05-01

    Future accelerator magnets will be exposed to heat loads that exceed even by an order of magnitude presently observed heat fluxes transferred to superconducting magnet coils. To avoid the resistive transition of the superconducting cables, the efficiency of heat transfer between the magnet structure and the helium must be significantly increased. This can be achieved through the use of novel concepts of the cable’s electrical insulation wrapping, characterized by an enhanced permeability to helium while retaining sufficient electrical resistivity. This paper presents measurement results of the heat transfer through Rutherford NbTi cable samples immersed in a He II bath and subjected to the pressure loads simulating the counteracting of the Lorentz forces observed in powered magnets. The Rutherford cable samples that were tested used different electrical insulation wrapping schemes, including the scheme that is presently used and the proposed scheme for future LHC magnets. A new porous polyimide cable insulation with enhanced helium permeability was proposed in order to improve the evacuation of heat form the NbTi coil to He II bath. These tests were performed in a dedicated Claudet-type cryostat in pressurized He II at 1.9 K and 1 bar.

  9. 30 CFR 75.818 - Use of insulated cable handling equipment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ... personal protective equipment capable of providing protection against shock hazard must be used to prevent... ASTM F496-97, “Standard Specification for In-Service Care of Insulating Gloves and Sleeves” (1997)....

  10. Superconductor cable

    DOEpatents

    Allais, Arnaud; Schmidt, Frank (Langenhagen, DE

    2009-12-15

    A superconductor cable includes a superconductive cable core (1) and a cryostat (2) enclosing the same. The cable core (1) has a superconductive conductor (3), an insulation (4) surrounding the same and a shielding (5) surrounding the insulation (4). A layer (3b) of a dielectric or semiconducting material is applied to a central element (3a) formed from a normally conducting material as a strand or tube and a layer (3c) of at least one wire or strip of superconductive material is placed helically on top. The central element (3a) and the layer (3c) are connected to each other in an electrically conducting manner at the ends of the cable core (1).

  11. Selected developments in laser wire stripping. [cutting insulation from aerospace-type wires and cables

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    The operation of mechanical and thermal strippers and the early development of laser wire strippers are reviewed. NASA sponsored development of laser wire stripping for space shuttle includes bench-type strippers as well as an advanced portable hand-held stripper which incorporates a miniaturized carbon dioxide laser and a rotating optics unit with a gas-jet assist and debris exhaust. Drives and controls girdle the wire and slit the remaining slug without manual assistance. This unit can strip wire sizes 26 through 12 gage. A larger-capacity hand-held unit for wire sizes through 1/0 gage was built using a neodynium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser. The hand-held units have a flexible umbilical cable to an accompanying cart that carries the power supply, gas supply, cooling unit, and the controls.

  12. Development of New-type Outdoor Termination using Composite Insulator with SF6 Gas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kusuda, Yusuke; Fukuda, Kinya; Matsumura, Masao; Hagisawa, Kazuhisa; Okamoto, Gaku; Nakanishi, Tatsuo; Inoue, Yoshiyuki

    Recently, composite insulators have been increasingly employed mainly from the economic viewpoint. We have been developed new type outdoor termination with composite insulator, which can be installed horizontally on the steel tower, in order to reduce the construction cost. In this outdoor termination, SF6 gas is filled in the composite insulator and a cold shrinkable pre-molded rubber unit is applied instead of the combinational use of rubber-molded stress relief cone, epoxy resin insulator and spring unit. The application of composite insulator, SF6 gas and cold shrinkable pre-molded rubber unit lights the total weight and makes it possible to install horizontally on the tower. The composite insulator type outdoor termination for 77kV XLPE cable has already applied as commercial use and enabled to reduce the construction cost of power transmission lines. A 154kV new type outdoor termination has been developed and successfully completed the initial electrical test. This paper describes the design and performance of both 77kV and 154kV new type outdoor termination, and the follow-up survey of 77kV outdoor termination in the commercial power transmission line.

  13. Development of a method for evaluation of the life curve of the HV and EHV cable polymeric insulation: The first results and fields of application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peshkov, I. B.; Ovsienko, V. L.; Shuvalov, M. Yu.

    2015-12-01

    A test procedure and an experimental setup are presented that enable derivation of the "life curve," i.e., the electrical tree induction period vs. applied voltage dependence for the low-density crosslinked polyethylene insulation. The developed equipment allows testing samples of materials both made in a laboratory and cut out from commercially manufactured cables at room temperature and at long-term permissible and overload temperatures. The fact of the electrical tree inception is established by light microscopy directly during simultaneous high-voltage test of ten samples. The optical system and the applied micromanipulation technique provide spatial resolution of approximately 1.5 μm, high-precision delivery of the microelectrode to the area of interest inside the sample, a permanent and reliable contact between the microelectrode and the material, and preservation of the residual mechanical stress field. The obtained results can be applied to development of new high-voltage cables with polymer insulation. The derived "life curve" enabled—using the corresponding mathematical model—calculation of the electric insulation thickness, which reaches 19-20 mm for the 220-kV cables.

  14. 30 CFR 18.40 - Cable clamps and grips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Requirements § 18.40 Cable clamps and grips. Insulated clamps shall be provided for all portable (trailing) cables to prevent strain on the cable terminals of a machine. Also insulated clamps shall be provided to... mounted component. Cable grips anchored to the cable may be used in lieu of insulated strain...

  15. 30 CFR 18.40 - Cable clamps and grips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Requirements § 18.40 Cable clamps and grips. Insulated clamps shall be provided for all portable (trailing) cables to prevent strain on the cable terminals of a machine. Also insulated clamps shall be provided to... mounted component. Cable grips anchored to the cable may be used in lieu of insulated strain...

  16. 30 CFR 18.40 - Cable clamps and grips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Requirements § 18.40 Cable clamps and grips. Insulated clamps shall be provided for all portable (trailing) cables to prevent strain on the cable terminals of a machine. Also insulated clamps shall be provided to... mounted component. Cable grips anchored to the cable may be used in lieu of insulated strain...

  17. 30 CFR 18.40 - Cable clamps and grips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Requirements § 18.40 Cable clamps and grips. Insulated clamps shall be provided for all portable (trailing) cables to prevent strain on the cable terminals of a machine. Also insulated clamps shall be provided to... mounted component. Cable grips anchored to the cable may be used in lieu of insulated strain...

  18. Molds for cable dielectrics

    DOEpatents

    Roose, L.D.

    1996-12-10

    Molds for use in making end moldings for high-voltage cables are described wherein the dielectric insulator of a cable is heated and molded to conform to a desired shape. As a consequence, high quality substantially bubble-free cable connectors suitable for mating to premanufactured fittings are made. 5 figs.

  19. Molds for cable dielectrics

    DOEpatents

    Roose, Lars D.

    1996-01-01

    Molds for use in making end moldings for high-voltage cables are described wherein the dielectric insulator of a cable is heated and molded to conform to a desired shape. As a consequence, high quality substantially bubble-free cable connectors suitable for mating to premanufactured fittings are made.

  20. Electronically controlled cable wrapper

    DOEpatents

    Young, T.M.

    1982-08-17

    A spindle assembly engages and moves along a length of cable to be wrapped with insulating tape. Reels of insulating tape are mounted on a outer rotatable spindle which revolves around the cable to dispense insulating tape. The rate of movement of the spindle assembly along the length of the cable is controlled by a stepper motor which is programmably synchronized to the rate at which rotatable spindle wraps the cable. The stepper motor drives a roller which engages the cable and moves the spindle assembly along the length of the cable as it is being wrapped. The spindle assembly is mounted at the end of an articulated arm which allows free movement of the spindle assembly and allows the spindle assembly to follow lateral movement of the cable.

  1. Electronically controlled cable wrapper

    DOEpatents

    Young, Thomas M.

    1984-01-01

    A spindle assembly engages and moves along a length of cable to be wrapped with insulating tape. Reels of insulating tape are mounted on a outer rotatable spindle which revolves around the cable to dispense insulating tape. The rate of movement of the spindle assembly along the length of the cable is controlled by a stepper motor which is programmably synchronized to the rate at which rotatable spindle wraps the cable. The stepper motor drives a roller which engages the cable and moves the spindle assembly along the length of the cable as it is being wrapped. The spindle assembly is mounted at the end of an articulated arm which allows free movement of the spindle assembly and allows the spindle assembly to follow lateral movement of the cable.

  2. Comparison of currents predicted by NASCAP/LEO model simulations with elementary Langmuir-type bare probe models for an insulated cable containing a single pinhole

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Galofaro, Joel T.

    1990-01-01

    The behavior of a defect in the insulation of a short biased section of cable in a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) space environment was examined. Such studies are of the utmost importance for large space power systems where great quantities of cabling will be deployed. An insulated probe containing a pinhole was placed into a hypothetical high speed LEO plasma. The NASA Charging Analyzer Program (NASCAP/LEO) was used to explore sheath growth about the probe as a function of applied voltage and to predict I-V behavior. A set of independent current calculations using Langmuir's formulations for concentric spheres and coaxial cylinders were also performed. The case of concentric spheres was here extended to include the case of concentric hemispheres. Several simple Langmuir-type models were then constructed to bracket the current collected by the cable. The space-charge sheath radius and impact parameters were used to determine the proper current regime. I-V curves were plotted for the models and comparisons were made with NASCAP/LEO results. Finally, NASCAP/LEO potential contours and surface cell potential plots were examined to explain interesting features in the NASCAP/LEO I-V curve.

  3. 30 CFR 57.12014 - Handling energized power cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., insulated from such equipment, are used. When such energized cables are moved manually, insulated hooks... physically attached to the equipment by suitable mechanical devices, and the cable is insulated from...

  4. 30 CFR 57.12014 - Handling energized power cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., insulated from such equipment, are used. When such energized cables are moved manually, insulated hooks... physically attached to the equipment by suitable mechanical devices, and the cable is insulated from...

  5. 30 CFR 57.12014 - Handling energized power cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., insulated from such equipment, are used. When such energized cables are moved manually, insulated hooks... physically attached to the equipment by suitable mechanical devices, and the cable is insulated from...

  6. 30 CFR 57.12014 - Handling energized power cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., insulated from such equipment, are used. When such energized cables are moved manually, insulated hooks... physically attached to the equipment by suitable mechanical devices, and the cable is insulated from...

  7. End moldings for cable dielectrics

    DOEpatents

    Roose, Lars D.

    2000-01-01

    End moldings for high-voltage cables are described wherein the dielectric insulator of the cable is heated and molded to conform to a desired shape. As a consequence, high quality substantially bubble-free cable connectors suitable for mating to premanufactured fittings are made. Disclosed is a method for making the cable connectors either in the field or in a factory, molds suitable for use with the method, and the molded cable connectors, themselves.

  8. Submerged Medium Voltage Cable Systems at Nuclear Power Plants. A Review of Research Efforts Relevant to Aging Mechanisms and Condition Monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Brown, Jason; Bernstein, Robert; White, II, Gregory Von; Glover, Steven F.; Neely, Jason C.; Pena, Gary; Williamson, Kenneth Martin; Zutavern, Fred J.; Gelbard, Fred

    2015-03-01

    In a submerged environment, power cables may experience accelerated insulation degradation due to water - related aging mechanisms . Direct contact with water or moisture intrusion in the cable insulation s ystem has been identified in the literature as a significant aging stressor that can affect performance and lifetime of electric cables . Progressive reduction of the dielectric strength is commonly a result of water treeing which involves the development of permanent hydrophilic structures in the insulation coinciding with the absorption of water into the cable . Water treeing is a phenomenon in which dendritic microvoids are formed in electric cable insulation due to electrochemic al reactions , electromechanical forces , and diffusion of contaminants over time . These reactions are caused by the combined effect s of water presence and high electrical stress es in the material . Water tree growth follow s a tree - like branching pattern , i ncreasing in volume and length over time . Although these cables can be "dried out," water tree degradation , specifically the growth of hydrophilic regions, is believed to be permanent and typically worsens over time. Based on established research , water treeing or water induced damage can occur in a variety of electric cables including XLPE, TR - XLPE and other insulating materials, such as EPR and butyl rubber . Once water trees or water induced damage form, the dielectric strength of an insulation materia l will decrease gradually with time as the water trees grow in length, which could eventually result in failure of the insulating material . Under wet conditions or i n submerged environments , several environmental and operational parameters can influence w ater tree initiation and affect water tree growth . These parameters include voltage cycling, field frequency, temperature, ion concentration and chemistry, type of insula tion material , and the characteristics of its defects. In this effort, a review of academic

  9. Initial Acceptance Criteria Concepts and Data for Assessing Longevity of Low-Voltage Cable Insulations and Jackets

    SciTech Connect

    Gary toman

    2005-03-30

    This report establishes a basis for acceptance criteria, provides a method for estimating remaining low-voltage cable life, and provides aging profiles under various thermal and radiation conditions for available cable polymer condition-monitoring techniques. This report is not meant to be the final comprehensive source of acceptance criteria, but rather is intended for trial usage so that it can be further refined for easier reference in the future.

  10. Insulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhea, Dennis

    This instructional unit is one of 10 developed by students on various energy-related areas that deals specifically with insulation. Its objective is for the student to be able to determine insulation needs of new or existing structures, select type to use, use installation techniques, calculate costs, and apply safety factors. Some topics covered…

  11. 30 CFR 75.516-1 - Installed insulators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... insulators. Well-insulated insulators is interpreted to mean well-installed insulators. Insulated J-hooks may be used to suspend insulated power cables for temporary installation not exceeding 6 months and...

  12. 30 CFR 75.516-1 - Installed insulators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... insulators. Well-insulated insulators is interpreted to mean well-installed insulators. Insulated J-hooks may be used to suspend insulated power cables for temporary installation not exceeding 6 months and...

  13. 30 CFR 75.516-1 - Installed insulators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... insulators. Well-insulated insulators is interpreted to mean well-installed insulators. Insulated J-hooks may be used to suspend insulated power cables for temporary installation not exceeding 6 months and...

  14. 30 CFR 75.516-1 - Installed insulators.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... insulators. Well-insulated insulators is interpreted to mean well-installed insulators. Insulated J-hooks may be used to suspend insulated power cables for temporary installation not exceeding 6 months and...

  15. 30 CFR 77.505 - Cable fittings; suitability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ..., splice boxes, and electric compartments only through proper fittings. When insulated wires, other than cables, pass through metal frames, the holes shall be substantially bushed with insulated bushings....

  16. 30 CFR 77.505 - Cable fittings; suitability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., splice boxes, and electric compartments only through proper fittings. When insulated wires, other than cables, pass through metal frames, the holes shall be substantially bushed with insulated bushings....

  17. 30 CFR 77.505 - Cable fittings; suitability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., splice boxes, and electric compartments only through proper fittings. When insulated wires, other than cables, pass through metal frames, the holes shall be substantially bushed with insulated bushings....

  18. 30 CFR 77.505 - Cable fittings; suitability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ..., splice boxes, and electric compartments only through proper fittings. When insulated wires, other than cables, pass through metal frames, the holes shall be substantially bushed with insulated bushings....

  19. 30 CFR 57.12014 - Handling energized power cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Handling energized power cables. 57.12014... Electricity Surface and Underground § 57.12014 Handling energized power cables. Power cables energized to..., insulated from such equipment, are used. When such energized cables are moved manually, insulated...

  20. Joints and terminations for pipe-type cable insulated with paper-polypropylene-paper tapes: Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Engelhardt, J.S.; Ernst, A.; Gear, R.B.

    1988-10-01

    This work developed optimized joint and terminal options for 138--550 kV paper-polypropylene-paper (PPP) cables using conventional materials. In the process, the state of the art of conventional jointing and terminating techniques worldwide was examined and a design process formulated and presented. Test data available on hand-taped joints suggested a maximum radial design stress level of 1750 V/mil at impulse for hand-taped PPP splices. Additional testing is recommended to confirm the maximum axial stress level, but available data indicate that levels much greater than present US practice are acceptable. 86 refs., 78 figs., 16 tabs.

  1. Cable Diagnostic Focused Initiative

    SciTech Connect

    Hartlein, R.A.; Hampton, R.N.

    2010-12-30

    This report summarizes an extensive effort made to understand how to effectively use the various diagnostic technologies to establish the condition of medium voltage underground cable circuits. These circuits make up an extensive portion of the electric delivery infrastructure in the United States. Much of this infrastructure is old and experiencing unacceptable failure rates. By deploying efficient diagnostic testing programs, electric utilities can replace or repair circuits that are about to fail, providing an optimal approach to improving electric system reliability. This is an intrinsically complex topic. Underground cable systems are not homogeneous. Cable circuits often contain multiple branches with different cable designs and a range of insulation materials. In addition, each insulation material ages differently as a function of time, temperature and operating environment. To complicate matters further, there are a wide variety of diagnostic technologies available for assessing the condition of cable circuits with a diversity of claims about the effectiveness of each approach. As a result, the benefits of deploying cable diagnostic testing programs have been difficult to establish, leading many utilities to avoid the their use altogether. This project was designed to help address these issues. The information provided is the result of a collaborative effort between Georgia Tech NEETRAC staff, Georgia Tech academic faculty, electric utility industry participants, as well as cable system diagnostic testing service providers and test equipment providers. Report topics include: •How cable systems age and fail, •The various technologies available for detecting potential failure sites, •The advantages and disadvantages of different diagnostic technologies, •Different approaches for utilities to employ cable system diagnostics. The primary deliverables of this project are this report, a Cable Diagnostic Handbook (a subset of this report) and an online

  2. Process of modifying a cable end

    DOEpatents

    Roose, L.D.

    1995-08-01

    End moldings for high-voltage cables are described wherein the dielectric insulator of the cable is heated and molded to conform to a desired shape. As a consequence, high quality substantially bubble-free cable connectors suitable for mating to premanufactured fittings are made. Disclosed are a method for making the cable connectors either in the field or in a factory, molds suitable for use with the method, and the molded cable connectors, themselves. 5 figs.

  3. Process of modifying a cable end

    DOEpatents

    Roose, Lars D.

    1995-01-01

    End moldings for high-voltage cables are described wherein the dielectric insulator of the cable is heated and molded to conform to a desired shape. As a consequence, high quality substantially bubble-free cable connectors suitable for mating to premanufactured fittings are made. Disclosed are a method for making the cable connectors either in the field or in a factory, molds suitable for use with the method, and the molded cable connectors, themselves.

  4. Effect on de-greasing solvents on conductive separable connector shields and semiconductive cable shields

    SciTech Connect

    Perry, D.D.; Bolcar, J.P. . Elastimold Div.)

    1990-04-01

    A study has been conducted to determine the effects of commercial degreasing solvents on the conductivity of an EPDM separable connector shield and two types of cable shields based on EPR and XLPE, respectively. Solvents tested included a chlorinated solvent based on 1,1,1-trichloroethane and several so-called citrus solvents consisting of the natural terpene, limonene, or blends of limonene with other hydrocarbons. All the solvents significantly degraded the conductivity of the EPR and EPDM materials, but had little effect on the XLPE cable shield. The solvents differed, however, in the extent of their effects, the rate of recovery of conductivity after removal of the solvent, and the degree to which the original conductivity of the material was restored. The consequences of these results in terms of appropriate field use of these types of solvents by utility personnel are discussed.

  5. Effect of water on the space charge formation in XLPE

    SciTech Connect

    Miyata, Hiroyuki; Yokoyama, Ayako; Takahashi, Tohru; Yamamaoto, Syuji

    1996-12-31

    In this paper, the authors describe the effect of water on the space charge in crosslinked polyethylene (XLPE). In order to study the effects of water and by-products of crosslinking, they prepared two types of samples. The water in the first one (Type A) is controlled by immersing in water after removing the by-products, and the water in the other type (Type B) of samples is controlled by the water from the decomposition of cumyl-alcohol by heating. The authors measured the space charge formation by pulsed electro-acoustic (PEA) method. A large difference was observed between Type A and Type B. In Type A samples (containing only water) the space charge distribution changes from homogeneous to heterogeneous as the water content increases, whereas in Type B (containing water and by-product) all samples exhibit heterogeneous space charge distribution. However, merely the effect of water for both types was almost the same, including peculiar space charge behavior near the water solubility limit.

  6. Polyethylene Nanocomposites for the Next Generation of Ultralow-Transmission-Loss HVDC Cables: Insulation Containing Moisture-Resistant MgO Nanoparticles.

    PubMed

    Pourrahimi, Amir Masoud; Pallon, Love K H; Liu, Dongming; Hoang, Tuan Anh; Gubanski, Stanislaw; Hedenqvist, Mikael S; Olsson, Richard T; Gedde, Ulf W

    2016-06-15

    The use of MgO nanoparticles in polyethylene for cable insulation has attracted considerable interest, although in humid media the surface regions of the nanoparticles undergo a conversion to a hydroxide phase. A facile method to obtain MgO nanoparticles with a large surface area and remarkable inertness to humidity is presented. The method involves (a) low temperature (400 °C) thermal decomposition of Mg(OH)2, (b) a silicone oxide coating to conceal the nanoparticles and prevent interparticle sintering upon exposure to high temperatures, and (c) heat treatment at 1000 °C. The formation of the hydroxide phase on these silicone oxide-coated MgO nanoparticles after extended exposure to humid air was assessed by thermogravimetry, infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The nanoparticles showed essentially no sign of any hydroxide phase compared to particles prepared by the conventional single-step thermal decomposition of Mg(OH)2. The moisture-resistant MgO nanoparticles showed improved dispersion and interfacial adhesion in the LDPE matrix with smaller nanosized particle clusters compared with conventionally prepared MgO. The addition of 1 wt % moisture-resistant MgO nanoparticles was sufficient to decrease the conductivity of polyethylene 30 times. The reduction in conductivity is discussed in terms of defect concentration on the surface of the moisture-resistant MgO nanoparticles at the polymer/nanoparticle interface. PMID:27203860

  7. Nuclear instrumentation cable end seal

    DOEpatents

    Cannon, Collins P.; Brown, Donald P.

    1979-01-01

    An improved coaxial end seal for hermetically sealed nuclear instrumentation cable exhibiting an improved breakdown pulse noise characteristic under high voltage, high temperature conditions. A tubular insulator body has metallized interior and exterior surface portions which are braze sealed to a center conductor and an outer conductive sheath. The end surface of the insulator body which is directed toward the coaxial cable to which it is sealed has a recessed surface portion within which the braze seal material terminates.

  8. Investigation Of Dielectric Behaviors Of Nanoclay Filled Epoxy And PP/NYLON66 Nanocomposites For Cable Insulation Application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rashmi, Renukappa, N. M.; Siddaramaiah

    2010-10-01

    High performance polymer nanocomposites are emerging as a new class of materials for its demanding applications as insulating material. The outstanding properties of nanoclay make them an attractive candidate for preparing advanced composite materials with multi functional features for electrical and electronics applications. A series of nanoclay incorporated epoxy and polypropylene/nylon66 (50/50 blend) nanocomposites have been prepared via chemical and melt mixing methods respectively. The fabricated nanocomposites have been characterized for dielectric behaviors such as dielectric constant (ɛ r ) and dissipation factor (tan δ). The effect of filler content, frequency, temperature and sea water ageing on dielectric behavior of nanocomposites has been investigated. The variation in the diffusion coefficient (D) of the material aged in water at different temperature with different percentage of nanoclay loaded epoxy and PP/nylon66 nanocomposites were calculated. It is observed that at increase in ageing temperature relatively increases the diffusion coefficient of the material. The measured dielectric results of the nanocomposites reveals that a significant influence of frequency and sea water ageing and marginal change with temperature. Higher dielectric constant was noticed for epoxy nanocomposites as compared to PP/nylon66 composites

  9. COPPER CABLE RECYCLING TECHNOLOGY

    SciTech Connect

    Chelsea Hubbard

    2001-05-01

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE) continually seeks safer and more cost-effective technologies for use in deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of nuclear facilities. The Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area (DDFA) of the DOE's Office of Science and Technology (OST) sponsors large-scale demonstration and deployment projects (LSDDPs). At these LSDDPs, developers and vendors of improved or innovative technologies showcase products that are potentially beneficial to the DOE's projects and to others in the D&D community. Benefits sought include decreased health and safety risks to personnel and the environment, increased productivity, and decreased costs of operation. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) generated a list of statements defining specific needs and problems where improved technology could be incorporated into ongoing D&D tasks. One such need is to reduce the volume of waste copper wire and cable generated by D&D. Deactivation and decommissioning activities of nuclear facilities generates hundreds of tons of contaminated copper cable, which are sent to radioactive waste disposal sites. The Copper Cable Recycling Technology separates the clean copper from contaminated insulation and dust materials in these cables. The recovered copper can then be reclaimed and, more importantly, landfill disposal volumes can be reduced. The existing baseline technology for disposing radioactively contaminated cables is to package the cables in wooden storage boxes and dispose of the cables in radioactive waste disposal sites. The Copper Cable Recycling Technology is applicable to facility decommissioning projects at many Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear facilities and commercial nuclear power plants undergoing decommissioning activities. The INEEL Copper Cable Recycling Technology Demonstration investigated the effectiveness and efficiency to recycle 13.5 tons of copper cable. To determine the effectiveness of separating

  10. Semiannual report for the period October 1, 1979-March 31, 1980 of work on: (1) superconducting power transmission system development; (2) cable insulation development. Power Transmission Project Technical Note No. 106

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-07-07

    Progress is reported in a program whose objective is to develop an underground superconducting power transmission system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. The system would be capable of carrying very large blocks of electric power, and would supplant overhead lines in urban and suburban areas and regions of natural beauty. The program consisted initially of work in the laboratory to develop suitable materials, cryostats, and cable concepts. The materials work covers the development and testing of suitable superconductors and dielectric insulation. The laboratory work has now been extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. The facility will allow cables several hundred feet long to be tested under realistic conditions. In addition, the refrigerator has been designed for optimum service for utility applications.

  11. Semiannual report for the period April 1-September 30, 1979 of work on: (1) Superconducting power transmission development; (2) Cable insulation development. Power Transmission Project Technical Note No. 99

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-01-15

    The objective of the program is to develop an underground superconducting power transmission system which is economical and technically attractive to the utility industry. The system would be capable of carrying very large blocks of electric power, thus enabling it to supplant overhead lines in urban and suburban areas and regions of natural beauty. The program consisted initially of work in the laboratory to develop suitable materials, cryostats, and cable concepts. The materials work covers the development and testing of suitable superconductors and dielectric insulation. The laboratory work has now been extended to an outside test facility which represents an intermediate step between the laboratory scale and a full-scale system. The facility will allow cables several hundred feet long to be tested under realistic conditions. In addition, the refrigerator has been designed for optimum service for utility applications.

  12. 30 CFR 77.505 - Cable fittings; suitability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cable fittings; suitability. 77.505 Section 77... Electrical Equipment-General § 77.505 Cable fittings; suitability. Cables shall enter metal frames of motors... cables, pass through metal frames, the holes shall be substantially bushed with insulated bushings....

  13. Effect of Antioxidants on DC Tree and Grounded DC Tree in XLPE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kawanami, Hiroshi; Komatsu, Isao; Sekii, Yasuo; Saito, Mitsugu; Sugi, Kazuyuki

    To study the effects of antioxidants on the initiation of the DC tree and the grounded DC tree, experiments were conducted using XLPE specimens containing phenolic and sulfur type antioxidants. Experimental results showed that sulfur type antioxidants in XLPE have the effect of increasing inception voltages of both the DC tree and the grounded DC tree. Based on results of those experiments, the mechanism of increase in the inception voltage of the DC tree and the grounded DC tree by antioxidants was examined along with the mechanism of polarity effects on those trees. Results showed a promotional effect of charge injection from a needle electrode by antioxidants, which are responsible for the increased inception voltages of the DC tree. Charge trapping by antioxidants explains the increase of inception voltages of the grounded DC tree.

  14. Cable Economics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cable Television Information Center, Washington, DC.

    A guide to the economic factors that influence cable television systems is presented. Designed for local officials who must have some familiarity with cable operations in order to make optimum decisions, the guide analyzes the financial framework of a cable system, not only from the operators viewpoint, but also from the perspective of the…

  15. Superconductor cable

    DOEpatents

    Allais, Arnaud; Schmidt, Frank; Marzahn, Erik

    2010-05-04

    A superconductor cable is described, having a superconductive flexible cable core (1) , which is laid in a cryostat (2, 3, 4), in which the cable core (1) runs in the cryostat (2, 3, 4) in the form of a wave or helix at room temperature.

  16. Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) presents a brief description of cable television and explains some basic regulations pertaining to it. The history of cable regulation covers the initial jurisdiction, economic considerations of the regulation, court tests, and the holding of public hearings. The major provisions of new cable rules are…

  17. High conductance surge cable

    DOEpatents

    Murray, Matthew M.; Wilfong, Dennis H.; Lomax, Ralph E.

    1998-01-01

    An electrical cable for connecting transient voltage surge suppressers to ectrical power panels. A strip of electrically conductive foil defines a longitudinal axis, with a length of an electrical conductor electrically attached to the metallic foil along the longitudinal axis. The strip of electrically conductive foil and the length of an electrical conductor are covered by an insulating material. For impedance matching purposes, triangular sections can be removed from the ends of the electrically conductive foil at the time of installation.

  18. High conductance surge cable

    DOEpatents

    Murray, M.M.; Wilfong, D.H.; Lomax, R.E.

    1998-12-08

    An electrical cable for connecting transient voltage surge suppressors to electrical power panels. A strip of electrically conductive foil defines a longitudinal axis, with a length of an electrical conductor electrically attached to the metallic foil along the longitudinal axis. The strip of electrically conductive foil and the length of an electrical conductor are covered by an insulating material. For impedance matching purposes, triangular sections can be removed from the ends of the electrically conductive foil at the time of installation. 6 figs.

  19. Superconducting Cable Termination

    DOEpatents

    Sinha, Uday K.; Tolbert, Jerry

    2005-08-30

    Disclosed is a termination that connects high temperature superconducting (HTS) cable immersed in pressurized liquid nitrogen to high voltage and neutral (shield) external bushings at ambient temperature and pressure. The termination consists of a splice between the HTS power (inner) and shield (outer) conductors and concentric copper pipes which are the conductors in the termination. There is also a transition from the dielectric tape insulator used in the HTS cable to the insulators used between and around the copper pipe conductors in the termination. At the warm end of the termination the copper pipes are connected via copper braided straps to the conventional warm external bushings which have low thermal stresses. This termination allows for a natural temperature gradient in the copper pipe conductors inside the termination which enables the controlled flashing of the pressurized liquid coolant (nitrogen) to the gaseous state. Thus the entire termination is near the coolant supply pressure and the high voltage and shield cold bushings, a highly stressed component used in most HTS cables, are eliminated. A sliding seal allows for cable contraction as it is cooled from room temperature to ˜72-82 K. Seals, static vacuum, and multi-layer superinsulation minimize radial heat leak to the environment.

  20. Modified Spot Welder Solders Flat Cables

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Haehner, Carl L.

    1992-01-01

    Soldering device, essentially modified spot welder, melts high-melting-temperature solders without damaging plastic insulation on flat electrical cables. Solder preform rests on exposed conductor of cable, under connector pin. Electrodes press pin/preform/conductor sandwich together and supply pulse of current to melt preform, bonding pin to conductor. Anvil acts as support and heat sink. Device used to solder flexible ribbon cables to subminiature pin connectors.

  1. Electrically-Conductive Polyaramid Cable And Fabric

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Orban, Ralph F.

    1988-01-01

    Tows coated with metal provide strength and conductance. Cable suitable for use underwater made of electrically conductive tows of metal-coated polyaramid filaments surrounded by electrically insulating jacket. Conductive tows used to make conductive fabrics. Tension borne by metal-coated filaments, so upon release, entire cable springs back to nearly original length without damage.

  2. Cable compliance

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kerley, J.; Eklund, W.; Burkhardt, R.; Rossoni, P.

    1992-01-01

    The object of the investigation was to solve mechanical problems using cable-in-bending and cable-in-torsion. These problems included robotic contacts, targets, and controls using cable compliance. Studies continued in the use of cable compliance for the handicapped and the elderly. These included work stations, walkers, prosthetic knee joints, elbow joints, and wrist joints. More than half of these objects were met, and models were made and studies completed on most of the others. It was concluded that the many different and versatile solutions obtained only opened the door to many future challenges.

  3. Cable compliance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerley, J.; Eklund, W.; Burkhardt, R.; Rossoni, P.

    1992-06-01

    The object of the investigation was to solve mechanical problems using cable-in-bending and cable-in-torsion. These problems included robotic contacts, targets, and controls using cable compliance. Studies continued in the use of cable compliance for the handicapped and the elderly. These included work stations, walkers, prosthetic knee joints, elbow joints, and wrist joints. More than half of these objects were met, and models were made and studies completed on most of the others. It was concluded that the many different and versatile solutions obtained only opened the door to many future challenges.

  4. 30 CFR 18.40 - Cable clamps and grips.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... APPROVAL OF MINING PRODUCTS ELECTRIC MOTOR-DRIVEN MINE EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES Construction and Design...) cables to prevent strain on the cable terminals of a machine. Also insulated clamps shall be provided to prevent strain on both ends of each cable or cord leading from a machine to a detached or...

  5. 46 CFR 129.340 - Cable and wiring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Power Sources and Distribution Systems § 129.340 Cable and wiring. (a) If individual wires, rather than... tank, unless it supplies power to equipment in the tank; and (9) Have sheathing or wire insulation...) Cable and wire in power and lighting circuits must be #14 AWG or larger. Cable and wire in control...

  6. LOW-LOSS CABLE AND METHOD OF FABRICATION

    DOEpatents

    McCarthy, R.L. et al.

    1960-09-27

    A radiation-resistant coaxial electrical cable capable of carrying very small currents at high voltages with little leakage is described. The cable comprises an inner axial conductor separated from an outer coaxial tubular conductor by annular layer of fibrous silica insulation. The silica insulation is formed by leaching boron from spun horosilicate glass and then heat treating the silica at a high temperature.

  7. Cable manufacture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gamble, P.

    1972-01-01

    A survey is presented of flat electrical cable manufacturing, with particular reference to patented processes. The economics of manufacture based on an analysis of material and operating costs is considered for the various methods. Attention is given to the competitive advantages of the several processes and their resulting products. The historical area of flat cable manufacture is presented to give a frame of reference for the survey.

  8. Cable aging phenomena under accelerated aging conditions

    SciTech Connect

    Behera, A.K.; Beck, C.E.; Alsammarae, A.

    1996-06-01

    A test program was conducted to determine the impact of accelerated (temperature and radiation) aging on the insulation of power cables. The intent was to develop a more realistic model for cable degradation mechanisms, and a more realistic technique for determining a cable`s qualified life. Samples of new cables and samples of cables obtained from an operating plant were subjected to a series of tests. The test showed that the order of imposing the harsh conditions, the presence of oxygen, and the use of a compressive measurement technique each had a significant impact on the results. This paper discusses the test methodology and test samples, the order of imposing artificial aging, and the results. Also presented are issues planned to be addressed in future testing.

  9. Curing system for high voltage cross linked cables

    DOEpatents

    Bahder, George; Katz, Carlos; Bopp, Louis A.

    1978-01-01

    This invention makes extruded, vulcanized, high voltage cables insulated with thermosetting compounds at much higher rates of production and with superior insulation of reduced thickness and with reduced cavities or voids in the insulation. As the cable comes from an extruder, it passes into a curing chamber with a heat booster that quickly raises the insulation to a temperature at which it is cured much more quickly than with steam heating of the prior art. A high temperature liquid in contact with the insulation maintains the high temperature; and because of the greater curing heat, the cable can travel through the curing chamber at a faster rate and into a cooling tube where it contacts with a cooling liquid under high pressure. The insulation compound is treated to reduce the size of cavities; and the high pressure maintained by the curing and cooling mediums prevent expansion of cavities before the insulation is set.

  10. Condition Monitoring of Cables Task 3 Report: Condition Monitoring Techniques for Electric Cables

    SciTech Connect

    Villaran, M.; Lofaro, R.; na

    2009-11-30

    For more than 20 years the NRC has sponsored research studying electric cable aging degradation, condition monitoring, and environmental qualification testing practices for electric cables used in nuclear power plants. This report summarizes several of the most effective and commonly used condition monitoring techniques available to detect damage and measure the extent of degradation in electric cable insulation. The technical basis for each technique is summarized, along with its application, trendability of test data, ease of performing the technique, advantages and limitations, and the usefulness of the test results to characterize and assess the condition of electric cables.

  11. Armored instrumentation cable for geothermal well logging

    SciTech Connect

    Dennis, B.R.; Johnson, J.; Todd, B.

    1981-01-01

    Multiconductor armored well-logging cable is used extensively by the oil and natural gas industry to lower various instruments used to measure the geological and geophysical parameters into deep wellbores. Advanced technology in oil-well drilling makes it possible to achieve borehole depths of 9 km (30,000 ft). The higher temperatures in these deeper boreholes demand advancements in the design and manufacturing of wireline cable and in the electrical insulating and armoring materials used as integral components. If geothermal energy is proved an abundant economic resource, drilling temperatures approaching and exceeding 300/sup 0/C will become commonplace. The adaptation of teflons as electrical insulating material permitted use of armored cable in geothermal wellbores where temperatures are slightly in excess of 200/sup 0/C, and where the concentrations of corrosive minerals and gases are high. Teflon materials presently used in wireline cables, however, are not capable of continuous operation at the anticipated higher temperatures.

  12. Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report provides information about cable television and the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) responsibilities in regulating its operation. The initial jurisdiction and rules covered in this report pertain to the court test, public hearing, certificate of compliance, franchising, signal carriage, leapfrogging, access and origination…

  13. Wire and Cable Cold Bending Test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colozza, Anthony

    2010-01-01

    One of the factors in assessing the applicability of wire or cable on the lunar surface is its flexibility under extreme cold conditions. Existing wire specifications did not address their mechanical behavior under cold, cryogenic temperature conditions. Therefore tests were performed to provide this information. To assess this characteristic 35 different insulated wire and cable pieces were cold soaked in liquid nitrogen. The segments were then subjected to bending and the force was recorded. Any failure of the insulation or jacketing was also documented for each sample tested. The bending force tests were performed at room temperature to provide a comparison to the change in force needed to bend the samples due to the low temperature conditions. The results from the bending tests were plotted and showed how various types of insulated wire and cable responded to bending under cold conditions. These results were then used to estimate the torque needed to unroll the wire under these low temperature conditions.

  14. Analysis of Surveyor 3 television cable

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gross, F. C.; Park, J. J.

    1972-01-01

    A sample of cable described as four inches of TV cable, fabric wrapped, which had been exposed to the atmosphere for an unknown period of time, was subjected to extensive chemical analyses for the various components. The fabric was tested using attenuated total reflectance, chloroform extract, aqueous extraction, pyrolysis infrared, and reflectance spectroscopy. The wire insulation was tested using pyrolysis infrared, pyrolysis gas chromatography, differential thermal analysis, attenuated total reflectance subsurface, and tensile tests. Corrosion was also observed in parts of certain wires.

  15. Hot-blade stripper for polyester insulation on FCC

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Angele, W.; Chambers, C. M.

    1971-01-01

    Stripper incorporates a blade which is electrically heated to a controlled temperature. Heated blade softens and strips insulation from cable while paper ribbon removes insulation material and keeps blade clean for next operation.

  16. Elements of a specification for superconducting cable and why they are important for magnet construction

    SciTech Connect

    Greene, A.F.; Scanlan, R.M.

    1989-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to point out several features of the specification for SSC superconducting cable and its insulation that are important for fabrication of dipole magnet coils. Among these are the dimensions of the cable and insulation and their relevance for obtaining coils with appropriate overall dimensions, Other important cable properties are related to the twist direction of wire used to fabricate it and the opposite twist (or lay) direction of the cable. For some coils it is easier to work with cable of a particular lay direction. In conjunction with the ease of coil winding comes the requirement in the specification for superconducting cable which restricts the cable surface condition. The ease of winding coils is governed by the ability to bend and twist the cable at the coil ends without having wires come out of place, possibly later leading to insulation damage and a turn-to-turn short. 5 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  17. Electrohydrodynamic pumping in cable pipes. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Crowley, J.M.; Chato, J.C.

    1983-02-01

    Many oil-insulated electric power cables are limited by heat buildup caused in part by the low thermal conductivity of the oil. Circulation of the oil is known to reduce the cable temperature, but can lead to excessive pressure buildup on long cables when using conventional pumping methods. An alternate pumping method using distributed electric fields to avoid this pressure buildup is described. Electrohydrodynamic (EHD) pumping was studied both theoretically and experimentally for possible application in underground cable cooling. Theoretical studies included both analytical and finite-element analysis of the flow patterns driven by travelling electric fields. Experimentally, flow rates in a cable-pipe model were measured under a wide variety of operating conditions. Theory and experiment are in agreement for velocities below 10 cm/s, but higher velocities could not be reached in the experiment, due to increased electroconvection and, possibly, turbulence.

  18. System and method for sub-sea cable termination

    DOEpatents

    Chen, Qin; Yin, Weijun; Zhang, Lili

    2016-04-05

    An electrical connector includes a first cable termination chamber configured to receive a first power cable having at least a first conductor sheathed at least in part by a first insulating layer and a first insulation screen layer. Also, the electrical connector includes a first non-linear resistive layer configured to be coupled to a portion of the first conductor unsheathed by at least the first insulation screen layer and configured to control a direct current electric field generated in the first cable termination chamber. In addition, the electrical connector includes a first deflector configured to be coupled to the first power cable and control an alternating current electric field generated in the first cable termination chamber.

  19. Superconducting Cable

    DOEpatents

    Hughey, Raburn L.; Sinha, Uday K.; Reece, David S.; Muller, Albert C.

    2005-03-08

    In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

  20. Superconducting Cable

    DOEpatents

    Hughey, Raburn L.; Sinha, Uday K.; Reece, David S.; Muller, Albert C.

    2005-07-22

    In order to provide a flexible oxide superconducting cable which is reduced in AC loss, tape-shaped superconducting wires covered with a stabilizing metal are wound on a flexible former. The superconducting wires are preferably laid on the former at a bending strain of not more than 0.2%. In laying on the former, a number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on a core member in a side-by-side manner, to form a first layer. A prescribed number of tape-shaped superconducting wires are laid on top of the first layer in a side-by-side manner, to form a second layer. The former may be made of a metal, plastic, reinforced plastic, polymer, or a composite and provides flexibility to the superconducting wires and the cable formed therewith.

  1. CABLE CONNECTOR

    DOEpatents

    Caller, J.M.

    1962-05-01

    An electrical connector is designed for utilization in connection with either round or flat coaxial cables. The connector comprises a bayonet-type coupling arrangement with a splined movable locking sleeve adapted to lock together components of the connector. A compression spring is attached to one of the connector components and functions to forcibly separate mating components when the locking sleeve is in an unlocked condition so as to minimize the possibility of leaving the conductors electrically coupled. (AEC)

  2. Superconductor cable

    DOEpatents

    Smith, Jr., Darrell F.; Lake, Bill L.; Ballinger, Ronald G.

    1988-01-01

    A superconducting cable comprising an in-situ-formed type II superconductor, e.g. Nb.sub.3 Sn, in association with a stabilizing conductor both in heat transfer relationship with at least one passage adapted to carry liquified gaseous refrigerant. The conductor and said at least one passage are enclosed by a sheath comprising an alloy consisting essentially of about 49% nickel, about 4% chromium, about 3% niobium, about 1.4% titanium, about 1% aluminum, balance essentially iron.

  3. Overload characteristics of paper-polypropylene-paper cable

    SciTech Connect

    Ernst, A. )

    1990-09-01

    The short-time rating of PPP pipe-type cable may be lower than the equivalent paper cable sized to carry the same normal load. The ratings depend on the relative conductor sizes and the maximum allowable conductor temperatures of the insulation. The insulation thermal resistivity may be a significant parameter for overload times of approximately one hour and should be verified for PPP insulation. The thermal capacitance temperature characteristic of PPP insulation is not known. However, the overload ratings are not very sensitive to this parameter. Overload ratings are given for maximum conductor temperatures from 105 C to 130 C. Use of ratings based on temperatures greater than 105 C would require testing to determine the extent of degradation of the insulation at these higher temperatures. PPP-insulated cable will be thermally stable over a wider range of operating conditions (voltage and current) compared with paper-insulated cable. The short-circuit ratings of PPP- and paper-insulated cable systems and the positive/negative and zero sequence impedances are compared. 21 refs., 22 figs., 5 tabs.

  4. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... of ABYC E-8 and paragraph 15.h of ABYC E-9 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) are... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be used... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) or other standard specified by the Commandant. The use of...

  5. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... of ABYC E-8 and paragraph 15.h of ABYC E-9 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) are... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be used... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) or other standard specified by the Commandant. The use of...

  6. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... of ABYC E-8 and paragraph 15.h of ABYC E-9 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) are... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be used... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) or other standard specified by the Commandant. The use of...

  7. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... of ABYC E-8 and paragraph 15.h of ABYC E-9 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) are... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be used... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) or other standard specified by the Commandant. The use of...

  8. 46 CFR 183.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... of ABYC E-8 and paragraph 15.h of ABYC E-9 (both incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) are... reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) except that asbestos insulated cable and dry location cables may not be used... (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 175.600) or other standard specified by the Commandant. The use of...

  9. 46 CFR 120.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... INSTALLATION Power Sources and Distribution Systems § 120.340 Cable and wiring requirements. (a) If individual... compartments; (8) Not be located in a tank unless the cable provides power to equipment in the tank; and (9) Have sheathing or wire insulation compatible with the fluid in a tank when installed as allowed...

  10. 46 CFR 120.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... INSTALLATION Power Sources and Distribution Systems § 120.340 Cable and wiring requirements. (a) If individual... compartments; (8) Not be located in a tank unless the cable provides power to equipment in the tank; and (9) Have sheathing or wire insulation compatible with the fluid in a tank when installed as allowed...

  11. 46 CFR 120.340 - Cable and wiring requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... INSTALLATION Power Sources and Distribution Systems § 120.340 Cable and wiring requirements. (a) If individual... compartments; (8) Not be located in a tank unless the cable provides power to equipment in the tank; and (9) Have sheathing or wire insulation compatible with the fluid in a tank when installed as allowed...

  12. 30 CFR 75.833 - Handling high-voltage trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ASTM F496-02a may be obtained... must not handle energized trailing cables unless they are wearing high-voltage insulating gloves, which include the rubber gloves and leather outer protector gloves, or are using insulated cable handling...

  13. 30 CFR 75.833 - Handling high-voltage trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ASTM F496-02a may be obtained... must not handle energized trailing cables unless they are wearing high-voltage insulating gloves, which include the rubber gloves and leather outer protector gloves, or are using insulated cable handling...

  14. 30 CFR 75.833 - Handling high-voltage trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ASTM F496-02a may be obtained... must not handle energized trailing cables unless they are wearing high-voltage insulating gloves, which include the rubber gloves and leather outer protector gloves, or are using insulated cable handling...

  15. 30 CFR 75.833 - Handling high-voltage trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ASTM F496-02a may be obtained... must not handle energized trailing cables unless they are wearing high-voltage insulating gloves, which include the rubber gloves and leather outer protector gloves, or are using insulated cable handling...

  16. 30 CFR 75.833 - Handling high-voltage trailing cables.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 522(a) and 1 CFR part 51. ASTM F496-02a may be obtained... must not handle energized trailing cables unless they are wearing high-voltage insulating gloves, which include the rubber gloves and leather outer protector gloves, or are using insulated cable handling...

  17. High power cable with internal water cooling 400 kV

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rasquin, W.; Harjes, B.

    1982-08-01

    Due to the concentration of electricity production in large power plants, the need of higher power transmissions, and the protection of environment, developement of a 400 kV water cooled cable in the power range of 1 to 5 GVA was undertaken. The fabrication and testing of equipment, engineering of cable components, fabrication of a test cable, development of cable terminal laboratory, testing of test cable, field testing of test cable, fabrication of industrial cable laboratory, testing of industrial cable, field testing of industrial cable, and system analysis for optimization were prepared. The field testing was impossible to realize. However, it is proved that a cable consisting of an internal stainless steel water cooled tube, covered by stranded copper profiles, insulated with heavy high quality paper, and protected by an aluminum cover can be produced, withstand tests accordingly to IEC/VDE recommendations, and is able to fulfill all exploitation conditions.

  18. An Internal Coaxial Cable Electrical Connector For Use In Downhole Tools

    DOEpatents

    Hall, David R.; Hall, Jr., H. Tracy; Pixton, David S.; Dahlgren, Scott; Fox, Joe; Sneddon, Cameron; Briscoe, Michael

    2005-11-29

    A coaxial cable electrical connector more specifically an internal coaxial cable connector placed within a coaxial cable and its constituent components. A coaxial cable connector is in electrical communcation with an inductive transformer and a coaxial cable. The connector is in electrical communication with the outer housing of the inductive transfonner. A generally coaxial center conductor, a portion of which could be the coil in the inductive transformer, passes through the connector, is electrically insulated from the connector, and is in electrical communication with the conductive care of the coaxial cable. A plurality of bulbous pliant tabs on the coaxial cable connector mechanically engage the inside diameter of the coaxial cable thus grounding the transformer to the coaxial cable. The coaxial cable and inductive transformer are disposed within downhole tools to transmit electrical signals between downhole tools within a drill string.

  19. Cable Television Service; Cable Television Relay Service.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Register, 1972

    1972-01-01

    The rules and regulations of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) concerning cable television service and cable relay service are presented along with the comments of the National Cable Television Association, the National Association of Broadcasters, the Association of Maximum Service Telecasters, and a major group of program suppliers.…

  20. Screening of flexible cables by nonlinear resistance measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stupian, G. W.

    1994-01-01

    Two traces in flexible cables used in the Milstar agile beam antenna system failed during acceptance testing. The cables, essentially printed circuit boards fabricated on flexible substrates, are composed of copper-foil conductors sandwiched between insulating Kapton layers. The cables carry current pulses used in the steering circuitry for the antenna beam. Upon sectioning and inspection of the suspect cables, substantial thinning of the copper foil conductors at feedthrough connections was noted. Other cables examined also exhibited thinning of metallization. Cables with degraded metallization develop anomalously high electrical resistances or can fail 'open'. The difficulties encountered with these cables resulted from poor workmanship, and the cable manufacturer subsequently lost certification from the Defense Electronics Supply Center. However, a large number of the cables had already been installed in satellites, and the reliability of the cables is critically important to mission success. A considerable effort was, therefore, mounted by the contractors, with the support of Aerospace, to assess the extent of the problem and determine whether a suitable screening procedure could be developed so that only selective, rather than total, replacement of the cables installed on the first Milstar satellite, DFS 1, might be necessary. In the course of this investigation, a screening test based on nonlinearities in cable resistance was developed. This test was originally intended to be applied to the cables in flight hardware. In fact, the application of this test to cables still in stores uncovered additional defective cables and led to a decision to replace all flexible cables with those from another manufacturer.

  1. Sound cable crossing brings inexpensive electric power to Long Island

    SciTech Connect

    Grzan, J. ); Goyette, R. )

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports that while many electric-utility customers in New York State benefit from inexpensive hydroelectric power from Canada and upstate New York, lack of sufficient transmission connections have prevented this electricity from reaching Long Island. However, a newly constructed underground/underwater link capable of carrying 700-MW now transmits low-cost electricity to the island, saving money for customers. The self-contained fluid-filled cable used for the underwater portion of the project is the largest underwater cable in the world. The use of high-pressure, fluid-filled pipe-type cable on the land portion represents the largest application of paper-polypropylene-paper (PPP) insulated cable in the United States. State-of-the-art technologies were implemented in the use of temperature monitoring and leak detection systems, SF{sub 6} gas-insulated substation, and underwater cable laying and embedment techniques.

  2. Seismic cable compass system

    SciTech Connect

    Burrage, E.C.

    1984-11-06

    An apparatus for determining the azimuthal direction of a marine streamer cable at selected points along the cable. The apparatus comprises a pod that is clamped to the cable and contains a gimbaled magnetic compass and mean for establishing two-way communication between the pod and the cable.

  3. Cable Tensiometer for Aircraft

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nunnelee, Mark (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    The invention is a cable tensiometer that can be used on aircraft for real-time, in-flight cable tension measurements. The invention can be used on any aircraft cables with high precision. The invention is extremely light-weight, hangs on the cable being tested and uses a dual bending beam design with a high mill-volt output to determine tension.

  4. Process for making RF shielded cable connector assemblies and the products formed thereby

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fisher, A.; Clatterbuck, C. H. (Inventor)

    1973-01-01

    A process for making RF shielded cable connector assemblies and the resulting structures is described. The process basically consists of potting wires of a shielded cable between the cable shield and a connector housing to fill in, support, regidize, and insulate the individual wires contained in the cable. The formed potting is coated with an electrically conductive material so as to form an entirely encompassing adhering conductive path between the cable shield and the metallic connector housing. A protective jacket is thereby formed over the conductive coating between the cable shield and the connector housing.

  5. Study on the Fault Location Method for Power Cables using the Time-frequency Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kobayashi, Shin'ichi; Morimoto, Nozomi; Miyajima, Kazuhisa; Hozumi, Naohiro

    The pulse radar method is one of fault location methods for power cables. It locates the breakdown point by measuring the delay time of the echo or the discharge signal coming from the breakdown point. The equipment for the pulse radar method is more compact compared with the Murray loop bridge, and its operation is more simple because sensitive adjustments of proportion are not needed. However the signal propagating through the cable is distorted depending on the distance and frequency, leading to a poor accuracy for the location. In this report, signal processing in the time-frequency domain is proposed to solve this problem. The pulse waveforms received at two different terminals of the cable were extracted by a window function, and subsequently Fourier transformed in order to calculate the phase difference at an appropriate frequency. A special care was taken for un-wrapping the folded phase spectrum. The phase difference was interpreted as the time lag at an identical frequency. The technique was applied to the fault location for a full size XLPE cable line.

  6. Marine cable location system

    SciTech Connect

    Zachariadis, R.G.

    1984-05-01

    An acoustic positioning system locates a marine cable at an exploration site, such cable employing a plurality of hydrophones at spaced-apart positions along the cable. A marine vessel measures water depth to the cable as the vessel passes over the cable and interrogates the hydrophones with sonar pulses along a slant range as the vessel travels in a parallel and horizontally offset path to the cable. The location of the hydrophones is determined from the recordings of water depth and slant range.

  7. Dielectric and Insulating Technology 2006 : Review & Forecast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okamoto, Tatsuki

    This article reports the state-of-art of TC-DEI ( Technical Committee of Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation of IEEJ) activites. The activiteis are basically based on the activites of 8-10 investigation committees under TC-DEI. Recent activites were categorized into three functions in this article and remarkable activity or trend for each category is mentioned as was seen in the articles of 2005. Those are activities on asset management (AI application and insulation diagnosis), activities on new insulating and functional materials (Nano composite) and activities on new insulation technology for power tansmission (high Tc superconducting cable insulation).

  8. Dielectric and Insulating Technology 2005 : Reviews & Forecasts

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okamoto, Tatsuki

    This article reports the state-of-art of TC-DEI ( Technical Committee of Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation of IEEJ) activites. The activiteis are basically based on the activites of 8-10 investigation committees under TC-DEI. Recent activites were categorized into three functions in this article and remarkable activity or trend for each category is mentioned as was done in the article of 2003. Thoese are activities on asset management (AI application and insulation diagnosis), activities on new insulating and functional materials (Nano composite) and activities on new insulation technology for power tansmission (high Tc superconducting cable insulation).

  9. Cable load sensing device

    DOEpatents

    Beus, Michael J.; McCoy, William G.

    1998-01-01

    Apparatus for sensing the magnitude of a load on a cable as the cable is employed to support the load includes a beam structure clamped to the cable so that a length of the cable lies along the beam structure. A spacer associated with the beam structure forces a slight curvature in a portion of the length of cable under a cable "no-load" condition so that the portion of the length of cable is spaced from the beam structure to define a cable curved portion. A strain gauge circuit including strain gauges is secured to the beam structure by welding. As the cable is employed to support a load the load causes the cable curved portion to exert a force normal to the cable through the spacer and on the beam structure to deform the beam structure as the cable curved portion attempts to straighten under the load. As this deformation takes place, the resistance of the strain gauges is set to a value proportional to the magnitude of the normal strain on the beam structure during such deformation. The magnitude of the normal strain is manipulated in a control device to generate a value equal to the magnitude or weight of the load supported by the cable.

  10. Cable load sensing device

    SciTech Connect

    Beus, M.J.; McCoy, W.G.

    1996-12-31

    Apparatus for sensing the magnitude of a load on a cable as the cable is employed to support the load includes a beam structure clamped to the cable so that a length of the cable lies along the beam structure. A spacer associated with the beam structure forces a slight curvature in a portion of the length of cable under a cable no-load condition so that the portion of the length of cable is spaced from the beam structure to define a cable curved portion. A strain gauge circuit including strain gauges is secured to the beam structure by welding. As the cable is employed to support a load the load causes the cable curved portion to exert a force normal to the cable through the spacer and on the beam structure to deform the beam structure as the cable curved portion attempts to straighten under the load. As this deformation takes place, the resistance of the strain gauges is set to a value proportional to the magnitude of the normal strain on the beam structure during such deformation. The magnitude of the normal strain is manipulated in a control device to generate a value equal to the magnitude or weight of the load supported by the cable.

  11. Cutting Edge Cable Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peach, Roger

    1997-01-01

    Describes how one school district was able to efficiently install fragile telecommunication cabling throughout its high school and save thousands of dollars. Discusses solutions to some common cable-management problems. (GR)

  12. Cable-fault locator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cason, R. L.; Mcstay, J. J.; Heymann, A. P., Sr.

    1979-01-01

    Inexpensive system automatically indicates location of short-circuited section of power cable. Monitor does not require that cable be disconnected from its power source or that test signals be applied. Instead, ground-current sensors are installed in manholes or at other selected locations along cable run. When fault occurs, sensors transmit information about fault location to control center. Repair crew can be sent to location and cable can be returned to service with minimum of downtime.

  13. Vertex Detector Cable Considerations

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, William E.; /Fermilab

    2009-02-01

    Vertex detector cable requirements are considered within the context of the SiD concept. Cable material should be limited so that the number of radiation lengths represented is consistent with the material budget. In order to take advantage of the proposed accelerator beam structure and allow cooling by flow of dry gas, 'pulsed power' is assumed. Potential approaches to power distribution, cable paths, and cable design for operation in a 5 T magnetic field are described.

  14. Marine cable location system

    SciTech Connect

    Ottsen, H.; Barker, Th.

    1985-04-23

    An acoustic positioning system for locating a marine cable at an exploration site employs a plurality of acoustic transponders, each having a characteristic frequency, at spaced-apart positions along the cable. A marine vessel measures the depth to the transponders as the vessel passes over the cable and measures the slant range from the vessel to each of the acoustic transponders as the vessel travels in a parallel and horizontally offset path to the cable.

  15. Colleges and Cable Franchising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenn, Neal D.

    After noting issues of audience appeal and financial and philosophical support for educational broadcasting, this paper urges community colleges to play an active role in the process of cable franchising. The paper first describes a cable franchise as a contract between a government unit and the cable television (CATV) company which specifies what…

  16. Cables and fire hazards

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zanelli, C.; Philbrick, S.; Beretta, G.

    1986-01-01

    Besides describing the experiments conducted to develop a nonflammable cable, this article discusses several considerations regarding other hazards which might result from cable fires, particularly the toxicity and opacity of the fumes emitted by the burning cable. In addition, this article examines the effects of using the Oxygen Index as a gauge of quality control during manufacture.

  17. Modeling vibration response and damping of cables and cabled structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spak, Kaitlin S.; Agnes, Gregory S.; Inman, Daniel J.

    2015-02-01

    In an effort to model the vibration response of cabled structures, the distributed transfer function method is developed to model cables and a simple cabled structure. The model includes shear effects, tension, and hysteretic damping for modeling of helical stranded cables, and includes a method for modeling cable attachment points using both linear and rotational damping and stiffness. The damped cable model shows agreement with experimental data for four types of stranded cables, and the damped cabled beam model shows agreement with experimental data for the cables attached to a beam structure, as well as improvement over the distributed mass method for cabled structure modeling.

  18. Cable Polymer Aging Database, Version 1.0

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas Hencey

    2002-12-24

    OAK B139 The database contains electrical-cable jacket and insulation aging data from nine U.S. and international research institutions. The institutions have provided condition monitoring results from numerous accelerated aging test programs for cable materials including neoprene, Hypalon, ethylene propylene rubber, cross-linked polyethylene, and polyvinyl chloride. The condition monitoring techniques include elongation at break, indenter modulus, oxygen induction time, density , swell/gel, and nuclear magnetic resonance in solution.

  19. Continuous On-Line Partial Discharge Monitor for Medium-Voltage Cable Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect

    M. Fenger

    2005-11-30

    Partial discharge (PD) assessment is one method of detecting cable conditions that predict approaching failure. While not all PDs in cable systems lead to failure, PDs within the cable's insulation can lead to relatively rapid failure. Accordingly, on-line PD assessment may be more useful than periodic PD assessment because the period of partial discharging at the end of a cable's life may be quite short. The research described in this report studied the feasibility of developing an on-line PD monitor for assessing both shielded and unshielded MV cables.

  20. Aging, Loss-of-Coolant Accident (LOCA), and high potential testing of damaged cables

    SciTech Connect

    Vigil, R.A.; Jacobus, M.J.

    1994-04-01

    Experiments were conducted to assess the effects of high potential testing of cables and to assess the survivability of aged and damaged cables under Loss-of-Coolant Accident (LOCA) conditions. High potential testing at 240 Vdc/mil on undamaged cables suggested that no damage was incurred on the selected virgin cables. During aging and LOCA testing, Okonite ethylene propylene rubber (EPR) cables with a bonded jacket experienced unexpected failures. The failures appear to be primarily related to the level of thermal aging and the presence of a bonded jacket that ages more rapidly than the insulation. For Brand Rex crosslinked polyolefin (XLPO) cables, the results suggest that 7 mils of insulation remaining should give the cables a high probability of surviving accident exposure following aging. The voltage necessary to detect when 7 mils of insulation remain on unaged Brand Rex cables is approximately 35 kVdc. This voltage level would almost certainly be unacceptable to a utility for use as a damage assessment tool. However, additional tests indicated that a 35 kvdc voltage application would not damage virgin Brand Rex cables when tested in water. Although two damaged Rockbestos silicone rubber cables also failed during the accident test, no correlation between failures and level of damage was apparent.

  1. New MV cable design for wet environments in underground distribution systems

    SciTech Connect

    Teixeira, M.D.R. Jr. )

    1990-04-01

    This paper describes the development of new wet design MV power cables, up to 35 kV, using EPDM compound as insulation and longitudinal water tightness. The combination of the cable design and the type of insulation compound allow for reduction of the insulation thickness in such a way, as to have an electrical stress at the conductor of 4 kV/mm which is significantly greater than used in MV distribution cables. Following a methodology established, at the author's company, the reliability of this design, cable and EPDM's formulation, in wet location, without metallic water barriers, was well demonstrated. Mini-installation of model cables in service-like conditions, to estimate the ageing rate, are presented and discussed.

  2. Magnet cable manufacturing

    SciTech Connect

    Royet, J.

    1990-10-01

    The cable is the heart of a superconducting accelerator magnet. Since the initial development of the Rutherford Cable more than twenty years ago, many improvements in manufacturing techniques have increased the current carrying capacity. When the Tevatron cable was specified fifteen years ago the current carrying capacity was 1800 A/mm{sup 2} at a field of 5.3T. During the intervening years it has been increased to 3000 A/mm{sup 2}. These improvements were due to refinements in the fabrication of the strands and the formation of the cable from the strands. The metallurgists were able to impart significant gains in performance by improving the homogeneity of the conductor. The engineers and technicians who designed and built the modern cabling machines made an enormous contribution by significantly reducing the degradation of wire performance that occurs when the wire was cabled. The fact that these gains were made while increasing the speed of cabling is one of the technological advances that made accelerators like the SSC possible. This article describes the cabling machines that were built to manufacture the cable for the full scale SSC prototype magnets and the low beta quadrupoles for the Fermilab Tevatron. This article also presents a compendium of the knowledge that was gained in the struggle to make high performance cable to exacting dimensional standards and at the throughput needed for the SSC. The material is an important part of the technology transfer from the Department of energy Laboratories to Industry.

  3. HALAR fluoropolymer: A versatile insulation material

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robertson, A. B.

    1972-01-01

    Research directed toward developing materials for the wire and cable industry has resulted in a new product, E-CTFE copolymer, which has an outstanding combination of electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties. The properties of E-CTFE are discussed and compared with those of other commercial fluoropolymers. Particular attention is given to the utility of E-CTFE as a wire and cable insulation.

  4. Cable Tester Box

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Jason H.

    2011-01-01

    Cables are very important electrical devices that carry power and signals across multiple instruments. Any fault in a cable can easily result in a catastrophic outcome. Therefore, verifying that all cables are built to spec is a very important part of Electrical Integration Procedures. Currently, there are two methods used in lab for verifying cable connectivity. (1) Using a Break-Out Box and an ohmmeter this method is time-consuming but effective for custom cables and (2) Commercial Automated Cable Tester Boxes this method is fast, but to test custom cables often requires pre-programmed configuration files, and cables used on spacecraft are often uniquely designed for specific purposes. The idea is to develop a semi-automatic continuity tester that reduces human effort in cable testing, speeds up the electrical integration process, and ensures system safety. The JPL-Cable Tester Box is developed to check every single possible electrical connection in a cable in parallel. This system indicates connectivity through LED (light emitting diode) circuits. Users can choose to test any pin/shell (test node) with a single push of a button, and any other nodes that are shorted to the test node, even if they are in the same connector, will light up with the test node. The JPL-Cable Tester Boxes offers the following advantages: 1. Easy to use: The architecture is simple enough that it only takes 5 minutes for anyone to learn how operate the Cable Tester Box. No pre-programming and calibration are required, since this box only checks continuity. 2. Fast: The cable tester box checks all the possible electrical connections in parallel at a push of a button. If a cable normally takes half an hour to test, using the Cable Tester Box will improve the speed to as little as 60 seconds to complete. 3. Versatile: Multiple cable tester boxes can be used together. As long as all the boxes share the same electrical potential, any number of connectors can be tested together.

  5. Design, development, fabrication and testing of high temperature Flat Conductor Cable (FCC)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rigling, W. S.

    1974-01-01

    The results are presented of a development program for a flat, 25-conductor signal cable and a flat, 3-conductor power cable. Flat cables employ conductors made of strips or flattened round copper conductors insulated with polyimide films. It is shown that conductor thickness ranges from 0.003 to 0.010 inch, and begins to soften and loose mechanical strength at temperatures above 200 C.

  6. Dielectric and Insulating Technology 2004 : Review & Forecast

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okamoto, Tatsuki

    This article reports the state-of-art of DEIS activites. DEIS activiteis are basically based on the activites of 8-10 investigation committees’ under DEIS committee. Recent DEIS activites are categlized into three functions in this article and remarkable activity or trend of each category is mentioned. Those are activities on insulation diagnosis (AI application and asset management), activities on new insulation technology for power tansmission (high Tc super conducting cable insulation and all solid sinulated substation), and activities on new insulating materials (Nanocomposite).

  7. Testing of flat conductor cable to Underwriters Laboratory standards UL719 and UL83

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Loggins, R. W.; Herndon, R. H.

    1974-01-01

    The flat conductor cable (FCC) which was tested consisted of three AWG No. 12 flat copper conductors laminated between two films of polyethylene terephthalate (Mylar) insulation with a self-extinguishing polyester adhesive. Results of the tests conducted on this cable, according to specifications, warrants the use of this FCC for electrical interconnections in a surface nonmetallic protective covering.

  8. Cable suspended windmill

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Farmer, Moses G. (Inventor)

    1990-01-01

    A windmill is disclosed which includes an airframe having an upwind end and a downwind end. The first rotor is rotatably connected to the airframe, and a generator is supported by the airframe and driven by the rotor. The airframe is supported vertically in an elevated disposition by poles which extend vertically upwardly from the ground and support cables which extend between the vertical poles. Suspension cables suspend the airframe from the support cable.

  9. Cable fault locator research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cole, C. A.; Honey, S. K.; Petro, J. P.; Phillips, A. C.

    1982-07-01

    Cable fault location and the construction of four field test units are discussed. Swept frequency sounding of mine cables with RF signals was the technique most thoroughly investigated. The swept frequency technique is supplemented with a form of moving target indication to provide a method for locating the position of a technician along a cable and relative to a suspected fault. Separate, more limited investigations involved high voltage time domain reflectometry and acoustical probing of mine cables. Particular areas of research included microprocessor-based control of the swept frequency system, a microprocessor based fast Fourier transform for spectral analysis, and RF synthesizers.

  10. Evaluation of flammability for cable-like polymers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mikado, Tuneo; Akita, Kazuo

    1988-01-01

    A new test method is developed for the flammability of insulated electric cables as well as polymers formed in the cables. The rate of downward flame spread along the polymer surface is measured by a technique in which the flame is stopped at a particular position by winding up the cable at the same speed as the flame spreading rate, with external preheating by an electric furnace having oxidative gas flow. The polymer burns continuously without change of flame condition and the rate is obtained from the winding speed of the cable. A flame spread equation relates the flame spreading rate (V) of the cable-like polymer to O concentration (Yo) and the atmosphere, the preheating temperature, and the pyrolysis temperature for polymer burning. Plotting log V vs. log Yo for experimental results allows evaluation of the flammability of polymers, with discrimination between the effects of O concentration, heating temperature, and specimen shape. Results with various types of PVC electrical cable indicated the validity of the method. Application of the method to the cables in groups showed a flame retardation behavior different from the case of a single cable, in a atmosphere of high O concentration.