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1

The Possible Value of a Gap Year: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The taking of a "gap year", immediately after completing their secondary school education, to explore life before embarking on formal studies or starting their career, is a growing phenomenon among young people in South Africa. This research study explores the experiences of three young people who engaged in a gap year and focuses on the influence…

Coetzee, M.; Bester, S.

2009-01-01

2

Case studies of first-year critical science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brent Davis and Dennis Sumara (1997) performed a study of themselves and another professor who took a sabbatical to work in an elementary school for a year. Their intentions, as professors focused on cognition, was to create a change in teaching practices throughout the school that aligned more closely with social cognitive research. However, their experiences did not go as planned. Each found that he could not just simply bring their philosophies into their classrooms independent of the sociocultural context of the school. They found very quickly that none of them could act as fully autonomous agents. They described their experiences as being part of the sociocultural fabric of the school because each of their teaching practices changed in ways that they did not anticipate and in ways that were not philosophically aligned. However, they also found that this was a two-way relationship. They were not describing completely deterministic experiences. Davis and Sumara described observing colleagues changing their practices in ways that did incorporate some of the philosophies that they espoused during their tenure at the elementary school. They explain their experience as one where they were pushed and pulled by the sociocultural context and they also pushed and pulled on the sociocultural context. This dissertation focuses on three first-year science teachers (a 4 th grade teacher and two high school science teachers) who identified as wanting to bring critical, feminist, and ecojustice perspectives into their teaching practices. Each enacts these practices much differently in the context of the sociocultural contexts of their own schools, and often changed their teaching practices in ways that seemed to more closely align with those contexts. Each of the three dealt with external and internal hegemonic pressures that caused them to align more closely with their contexts. The philosophical foundations of their sociocultural contexts were manifested externally through technical controls (i.e. district-wide curriculum, state testing, district-wide common assessments, and state standards) and bureaucratic controls (i.e. mandates from administration that reinforce compliance to the technical controls) (Edwards, 1979; Irwin, 1996), sociocultural cues from administrators, colleagues, and students, and were made seemingly impenetrable via intensification, or high workloads that prevent reflective and critical thinking (Apple, 1988; Irwin, 1996). The internalized hegemonic pressures included their own feelings of internalized domination, surplus powerlessness (driven by feelings of isolation and self-blame) (Irwin, 1996; Lerner, 1986), and internalized dispositional views of their students (driven by feelings that their students were not capable of critical social thinking). Each of their case studies focus on how the philosophical differences between the first-year teachers and the sociocultural contexts contrasted providing constant tension for each of the three teachers in terms of their decision-making and their teaching practices. The technical controls seemed to be at the root of most of the external hegemonic pressures and even their internal hegemonic pressures. This paper will focus on the philosophical underpinnings of the state standards in science, the statewide tests, the district curricula, and district-wide common assessments that drove the teachers' practices. The philosophical foundations of their sociocultural contexts were: (1) knowledge as static and objectified, (2) curricular knowledge as the preferred knowledge, (3) standardized testing as a preferred method of gaining data about students' understandings of content, (4) uniform, decontextualized information as "neutral" facts and preferred knowledge, and (5) the summative view of 1-4 as a schooling process that produces learning that is preferred. The first-year teachers' philosophies together contrasted the philosophies of their sociocultural contexts. The first-year teachers held that: (1) knowledge has a deep connection with power in that knowled

Love, Kurt A.

3

INNOVATIVE CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES CASE STUDIES - SECOND YEAR PROJECT REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The Innovative Clean Technologies Case Studies contained herein are the products of the "Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business" Program (P2SB). The P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution pr...

4

INNOVATIVE CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES CASE STUDIES - SECOND YEAR PROJECT REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

The Innovative Clean Technologies Case Studies contained herein are the products of the "Pollution Prevention by and far Small Business" Program (P2SB). he P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in...

5

Case studies of first-year critical science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brent Davis and Dennis Sumara (1997) performed a study of themselves and another professor who took a sabbatical to work in an elementary school for a year. Their intentions, as professors focused on cognition, was to create a change in teaching practices throughout the school that aligned more closely with social cognitive research. However, their experiences did not go as

Kurt A. Love

2008-01-01

6

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management HDFS 44192 Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall below #12;SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management

Sheridan, Scott

7

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management  

E-print Network

SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall only; fulfills THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management for Individuals

Sheridan, Scott

8

Year-Round School Program: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the year-round school program of Chula Vista City School District. It begins with a discussion of the planning that occurred prior to the implementation of the program that includes descriptions of the problem, the legislation needed, and school relations with teachers and parents. The second section examines the first year of…

Servetter, Leonard, Comp.

9

The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning…

Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

2011-01-01

10

Successful Aging in a 70-Year-Old Man with Down Syndrome: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a case study of a 70-year-old man with Down syndrome ("Mr. C.") who they followed for 16 years and who does not exhibit declines in cognitive or functional capacities indicative of dementia, despite having well-documented, complete trisomy 21. The authors describe the age-associated changes that occurred over 16 years as well…

Krinsky-McHale, Sharon J.; Devenny, Darlynne A.; Gu, Hong; Jenkins, Edmund C.; Kittler, Phyllis; Murty, Vundavalli V.; Schupf, Nicole; Scotto, Luigi; Tycko, Benjamin; Urv, Tiina K.; Ye, Lingling; Zigman, Warren B.; Silverman, Wayne

2008-01-01

11

Diarrhea in Children under 5 Years of Age from Ifakara, Tanzania: a Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A matched case-control study was conducted in the Maternal and Child Health Clinic (MCH) in Ifakara, Tanzania, during the rainy season in order to elucidate the risk factors for and etiology of diarrheal diseases in children under 5 years of age. Cases (103) and controls (206) were matched for sex and age group. Precoded questionnaires with demographic details, clinical history,

J. GASCON; M. VARGAS; D. SCHELLENBERG; H. URASSA; C. CASALS; E. KAHIGWA; J. J. APONTE; H. MSHINDA; J. VILA; Tropical Section; Servei Microbiologia

2000-01-01

12

Pathology Case Study: A 25-Year-Old Female with a Liver Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Eric Schubert, MD contributed this case to the online case studies collection at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. In this case, images of a liver mass in a 25-year-old woman are presented for diagnosis. Students can use the gross and microscopic images and information provided to test their diagnostic skills. The official conclusion is provided in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Schubert, Eric

13

Pathology Case Study: A 41-Year-Old Female with Liver Failure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 41-year-old female has been diagnosed with a Tylenol overdose and liver failure. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

Richert, Charles A.

14

Pathology Case Study: A 45-Year-Old Female with Acute Liver Failure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 45-year-old female patient is suffering from acute liver failure. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

Richert, Charles A.

15

Science of Materials: A Case Study of Intentional Teaching in the Early Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australia's Early Years Learning Framework and leading international researchers argue for more intentional and purposeful teaching of science in the early years. This case study of exemplary practice illustrates intentional teaching of science materials which opened-up learning opportunities in literacy and number. Student-led hands-on…

Hackling, Mark; Barratt-Pugh, Caroline

2012-01-01

16

Pathology Case Study: Brainstem Mass in a 2-Year-Old Female  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine maintains a website with hundreds of case studies and sample diagnoses. These case studies are great learning tools for those studying medicine and planning on entering a medical field. This specific case involves the diagnosis of a 2-year-old female patient suffering from neck pain. A gross description of an MRI scan, and microscopic images are provided. Using the information provided, students are encouraged to make their own diagnosis and then check it against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Nine, Jeff S.

17

Case study of a spinal epidural capillary hemangioma: a 4-year postoperative follow-up.  

PubMed

Study Design?Case study. Objectives?We report the case of a 58-year-old Caucasian man, who presented with a 4-month history of increasing low back pain and gait difficulty. Objective neurologic examination revealed a severe paraparetic symptomatology without any sphincter involvement. Methods?Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an extradural mass formation situated dorsally at the level of thoracic vertebrae T2 to T4. Results?A laminectomy was performed with total removal of the mass; histology suggested a highly vascularized lesion with lobular architecture, which seems a very rare case, compatible with a capillary hemangioma. Conclusions?A careful follow-up for the next 4 years, including control MRIs every postoperative year, showed a very good neurologic condition of the patient and no recurrence on imaging findings. PMID:24494182

Seferi, Arsen; Alimehmeti, Ridvan; Vyshka, Gentian; Bushati, Teona; Petrela, Mentor

2014-02-01

18

Study of desert dust events over the southwestern Iberian Peninsula in year 2000: two case studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Strong desert dust events occurring in 2000 over the southwestern Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula are detected and evaluated by means of the TOMS Aerosol Index (A.I.) at three different sites, Funchal (Madeira Island, Portugal), Lisboa (Portugal) and El Arenosillo (Huelva, Spain). At the El Arenosillo station, measurements from an AERONET Cimel sunphotometer allow a more precise retrieval of the spectral AOD and the derived alpha Ĺngström coefficient. After using different threshold values of these parameters, we conclude that it is difficult to establish reliable and robust criteria for an automatic estimation of the number of dust episodes and the total number of dusty days per year. As a result, additional information, such as airmass trajectories, were used to improve the estimation, from which reasonable results were obtained (although some manual editting was still needed). A detailed characterization of two selected desert dust episodes, a strong event in winter and another of less intensity in summer, was carried out using AOD derived from Brewer spectrometer measurements. Size distribution parameters and radiative properties, such as arefractive index and the aerosol single scattering albedo derived from Cimel data, were analyzed in detail for one of these two case studies. Although specific to this dust episode, the retrieved range of values of these parameters clearly reflect the characteristics of desert aerosols. Back-trajectory analysis, synoptic weather maps and satellite images were also considered together, as supporting data to assess the aerosol desert characterization in this region of study.

Cachorro, V. E.; Vergaz, R.; de Frutos, A. M.; Vilaplana, J. M.; Henriques, D.; Laulainen, N.; Toledano, C.

2006-07-01

19

The Quality-Defining Process in Early Years Services: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we argue, through a case study in a large, urban local authority in England, that local stakeholders in early years provision express a variety of perspectives on quality but are constrained by a national framework which promotes an "official" definition of quality. We offer a quality-defining model that captures the role of both…

Tanner, Emily; Welsh, Elaine; Lewis, Jane

2006-01-01

20

Comprehensive Institutional Planning in Two-Year Colleges: A Planning Process and Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second of two monographs dealing with comprehensive institutional planning is directed at institutional representatives involved in the planning process at two-year colleges. It contains (1) information on a step-by-step approach to developing and implementing a comprehensive planning process (chapters 1-3) and (2) a case study of planning…

Van Ausdle, Steven L.

21

Calculating the Direct Economic Impact of Higher Education Spending: A Two-Year Case Study Example.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study applied an economic impact model to Texas state appropriations for four-year colleges and universities, expressed in terms of impact on gross state product, payrolls, and employment opportunities in the state and at one institution, Texas A & M University. Three alternative impact scenarios are considered in each case, and the utility of…

Carpenter, D. Stanley; And Others

1995-01-01

22

Effective Early Learning: Case Studies in Improvement. 0 to Eight Years Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents nine case studies describing the experiences of practitioners involved in the first, developmental phase of the Effective Early Learning Research Project, providing a topical discussion of criteria and methodologies for evaluating and improving the quality of learning in a variety of early years settings in the United Kingdom.…

Pascal, Christine; Bertram, Tony

23

Pearls and Pitfalls in Evaluating a Student Assistance Program: A Five-Year Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents data from a five-year evaluation-research case study of a large urban schools district's internal Student Assistance Program (SAP). The district employed specially trained and licensed school-based counselors to implement an internal SAP expanded to include tertiary prevention, and modeled after an employee assistance program…

Wilburn, Sharon T.; Wilburn, Kenneth T.; Weaver, Dax M.; Bowles, Kathy

2007-01-01

24

Pathology Case Study: Bladder Mass in a 73-Year-Old Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study, from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology, presents information about a 73-year-old male patient. According to the patient's history, he has a "history of invasive papillary transitional cell carcinoma with excessive muscular invasion and angiolymphatic invasion." Both gross and microscopic images of the prostate, bladder, pelvic lymph nodes, and the right and left pelvic ureter are provided in this case. Using these images and the provided patient history, students can test their knowledge of pathology and compare their diagnostic findings with the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Hakam, Ardeshir

25

Pathology Case Study: Osteolytic Lesion of the Tibia in a 12-Year-Old Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this case study from the Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, a 12-year-old male is presented with "an osteolytic lesion of the proximal left tibia." Gross and microscopic images of the bone are provided, and the diagnosis is relayed in the "Final Diagnosis" section. A discussion of the diagnosis, including the pathogenesis and morphology of the disease, is included in the final section.

Nine, Jeff S.

26

Pathology Case Study: Painful Left Knee Mass in a 58-Year-Old-Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 58-year-old man has a left knee growth which has developed over many years. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in skeletal and soft tissue pathology.

Flynn, Kevin J.

27

Case Studies of Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants: Findings after the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2014-4015  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals'…

Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Birman, Beatrice; O'Day, Jennifer; Hurlburt, Steven; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Goff, Rose; Manship, Karen; Brown, Seth; Therriault, Susan Bowles; Rosenberg, Linda; Angus, Megan Hague; Hulsey, Lara

2014-01-01

28

Pearls and pitfalls in evaluating a Student Assistance Program: a five-year case study.  

PubMed

This article presents data from a five-year evaluation-research case study of a large urban schools district's internal Student Assistance Program (SAP). The district employed specially trained and licensed school-based counselors to implement an internal SAP expanded to include tertiary prevention, and modeled after an employee assistance program established for adults. From the population of more than 10,000 students who received some type of program assistance for at-risk behaviors, a stratified random sample of 2,238 cases, over a five year period, were reviewed. Results indicate a statistically significant decline (p < .05) in students' drug use and a significant improvement in internal locus of control occurred each year. While not statistically significant, the average number of student discipline referrals was less than the year prior to program admission; however, there was no significant change in academic performance. A significant correlation between students' drug use and the amount of time in program, the type of assistance received, and the student's custody status was also found. PMID:18351182

Wilburn, Sharon T; Wilburn, Kenneth T; Weaver, Dax M; Bowles, Kathy

2007-01-01

29

Pathology Case Study: Maxillary Cyst in a 36-Year-Old Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has a maxillary cyst. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology.

Schubert, Eric

30

Pathology Case Study:A 52-Year-Old Male with "Cholelithiasis"  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a gastrointestinal pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 52-year-old female has â??cholelithiasis,â?ť intermittant jaundice, recent pancreatitis and gallbladder polyps. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Schubert, Eric

31

Pathology Case Study: Gastric Mass in a 70-Year-Old Male with Weight Loss  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has a stomach ache, decreased appetite, and weight loss. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology

Richert, Charles A.

32

Pathology Case Study: Hematuria and Azotemia in a 60-Year-Old Male with Aortic Aneurysms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 60-year-old male has an abdominal aortic aneurysm & liver and kidney masses. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

33

Pathology Case Study: A 42-Year-Old Man with Hip Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a genitourinary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 42-year-old male has hip pain and an elevated PSA. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Hakam, Ardeshir

34

Pathology Case Study: A 68-Year-Old Woman with Brain Mass in Temporal Lobe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 68-year-old female has a temporal tumor with extensive edema. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Schubert, Eric

35

Pathology Case Study: Right Cerebellopontine Angle Mass in a 64-Year-Old Woman  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 64-year-old woman is complaining of dizziness and hearing loss. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

36

Pathology Case Study: Brain Mass in a 62-Year-Old Woman  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 62-year-old female has a brain mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Schubert, Eric

37

Pathology Case Study: Mesenteric Adenopathy in a 57-Year-Old Woman  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old woman has had elevated creatinine levels. Visitors are given microscopic and gross descriptions, images, flow cytometry, molecular diagnosis, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Nalesnik, Michael

38

Pathology Case Study: Bladder Mass in a 57-Year-Old Woman  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old woman has a history of bladder tumors. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Hakam, Ardeshir

39

Pathology Case Study: A 54-Year-Old Man with a Right Cheek Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 54-year-old man has a recurrent neoplasm in his right cheek. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology

Nine, Jeff S.

40

Pathology Case Study: A 33-Year-Old Man with a Testicular Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 33-year-old morbidly obese man has a testicular lesion. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Horn, Kevin D.

41

Pathology Case Study: An 80-Year-Old Female with a Neck Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an ear nose & throat case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an 80-year-old female has insular carcinoma of the thyroid (i.e. a neck mass). Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in ear, nose, and throat medicine.

Schubert, Eric

42

Pathology Case Study: Renal Tumor in a 44-Year-Old Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 44-year-old male has hypernephroma, left renal tumor. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

43

Pathology Case Study: 15 Year Old Male With a Left Testicular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This genitourinary pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 15-year-old male with a left testicular mass is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Bastacky, Sheldon

44

Pathology Case Study: 21 Year Old Male With Back Pain and Wobbly Gait  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 21-year-old man presents with a three-week history of thoracic myelopathy, decreased sensation, and a wobbly gait. Visitors are shown MRI images of the patientâ??s spine, along with microscopic images and a gross description of the condition. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions

Krisky, David

45

A Case of Dentin Dysplasia with Full Mouth Rehabilitation: A 3-year Longitudinal Study  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Dentin dysplasia, a rare hereditary disorder of dentin formation, is characterized by normal enamel but atypical dentin formation along with abnormal pulpal morphology. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. It has been divided into two clinical entities: type I (radicular) and type II (coronal). Early diagnosis and initiation of effective regular dental treatments may help the patients with this condition to delay or prevent the loss of the entire dentition and help them in cope up with edentulous state in early ages. The condition undoubtedly has a negative impact on the physical and psychological well-being of the affected individual. Numerous factors have to be considered during the prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with dentin dysplasia. Treatment protocol varies according to clinical case. Although literature reports suggest general guidelines for treatment planning, the present case report describes a full mouth rehabilitation of an 8-year-old female patient with dentin dysplasia. How to cite this article: Khandelwal S, Gupta D, Likhyani L. A Case of Dentin Dysplasia with Full Mouth Rehabilitation: A 3-year Longitudinal Study. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(2): 119-124. PMID:25356011

Gupta, Dheeraj; Likhyani, Lalit

2014-01-01

46

The Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Melioidosis: 540 Cases from the 20 Year Darwin Prospective Study  

E-print Network

Background: Over 20 years, from October 1989, the Darwin prospective melioidosis study has documented 540 cases from tropical Australia, providing new insights into epidemiology and the clinical spectrum. Principal Findings: The principal presentation was pneumonia in 278 (51%), genitourinary infection in 76 (14%), skin infection in 68 (13%), bacteremia without evident focus in 59 (11%), septic arthritis/osteomyelitis in 20 (4%) and neurological melioidosis in 14 (3%). 298 (55%) were bacteremic and 116 (21%) developed septic shock (58 fatal). Internal organ abscesses and secondary foci in lungs and/or joints were common. Prostatic abscesses occurred in 76 (20 % of 372 males). 96 (18%) had occupational exposure to Burkholderia pseudomallei. 118 (22%) had a specific recreational or occupational incident considered the likely infecting event. 436 (81%) presented during the monsoonal wet season. The higher proportion with pneumonia in December to February supports the hypothesis of infection by inhalation during severe weather events. Recurrent melioidosis occurred in 29, mostly attributed to poor adherence to therapy. Mortality decreased from 30 % in the first 5 years to 9 % in the last five years (p,0.001). Risk factors for melioidosis included diabetes (39%), hazardous alcohol use (39%), chronic lung disease (26%) and chronic renal disease (12%). There was no identifiable risk factor in 20%. Of the 77 fatal cases (14%), 75 had at least one risk factor; the other 2 were elderly. On multivariate analysis of risk factors, age, location and season, the only independent predictors of mortality were the presence of at least

Bart J. Currie

47

The Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Melioidosis: 540 Cases from the 20 Year Darwin Prospective Study  

PubMed Central

Background Over 20 years, from October 1989, the Darwin prospective melioidosis study has documented 540 cases from tropical Australia, providing new insights into epidemiology and the clinical spectrum. Principal Findings The principal presentation was pneumonia in 278 (51%), genitourinary infection in 76 (14%), skin infection in 68 (13%), bacteremia without evident focus in 59 (11%), septic arthritis/osteomyelitis in 20 (4%) and neurological melioidosis in 14 (3%). 298 (55%) were bacteremic and 116 (21%) developed septic shock (58 fatal). Internal organ abscesses and secondary foci in lungs and/or joints were common. Prostatic abscesses occurred in 76 (20% of 372 males). 96 (18%) had occupational exposure to Burkholderia pseudomallei. 118 (22%) had a specific recreational or occupational incident considered the likely infecting event. 436 (81%) presented during the monsoonal wet season. The higher proportion with pneumonia in December to February supports the hypothesis of infection by inhalation during severe weather events. Recurrent melioidosis occurred in 29, mostly attributed to poor adherence to therapy. Mortality decreased from 30% in the first 5 years to 9% in the last five years (p<0.001). Risk factors for melioidosis included diabetes (39%), hazardous alcohol use (39%), chronic lung disease (26%) and chronic renal disease (12%). There was no identifiable risk factor in 20%. Of the 77 fatal cases (14%), 75 had at least one risk factor; the other 2 were elderly. On multivariate analysis of risk factors, age, location and season, the only independent predictors of mortality were the presence of at least one risk factor (OR 9.4; 95% CI 2.3–39) and age ?50 years (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.2–2.3). Conclusions Melioidosis should be seen as an opportunistic infection that is unlikely to kill a healthy person, provided infection is diagnosed early and resources are available to provide appropriate antibiotics and critical care. PMID:21152057

Currie, Bart J.; Ward, Linda; Cheng, Allen C.

2010-01-01

48

A six-year monitoring case study of a top-10 cycling Grand Tour finisher.  

PubMed

This study analysed the evolution of the physical potential of a twice top-10 Grand Tour cycling finisher (Tour de France and Vuelta a Espańa) whose training was monitored between the ages of 18 and 23 years. The world-class cyclist's power output (PO) data and training indices were analysed over six years to determine the evolution of his record power profile and training load (TL), which were estimated by using the session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method. The total annual duration and TL increased through six seasons by 79% and 83%, respectively. The record POs in all exercise intensity zones improved over the six years. The increases in TL, monotony (+34%) and strain (+162%) from the junior category to the world-class level significantly correlated with an improvement in his aerobic potential, which was characterised by an increase in the record POs between 5 min and 4 h. This case study of the performance level and training parameters of a world-class cyclist provides comprehensive insight into the evolution of a cyclist to the top level. Furthermore, determining the record power profile of this athlete over six competitive seasons illuminates the maturation of the physical potential of a top-10 Grand Tour finisher. PMID:25357188

Pinot, Julien; Grappe, Frederic

2015-05-01

49

Epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial profile of renal amyloidosis: a 12-year retrospective study of 37 cases  

PubMed Central

Background: Renal amyloidosis is one of the main differential diagnoses in the investigation of nephrotic proteinuria in adults, especially elderly patients. Objectives: The aim of this article is to contribute to international research with epidemiologic data of renal amyloidosis, given the lack of uniformity described in the literature. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 37 cases of renal amyloidosis diagnosed by kidney biopsy, between 2000 and 2011, considering epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data. Results: Subjects aged between 32 and 80 years. Of the 37 cases, 21 (56.8%) were diagnosed as non-light chain (non-AL) renal amyloidosis and 16 (43.2%) as light chain amyloidosis (AL). There was seen an increase in number of both AL and non-AL cases, with a slight predominance in non-AL. The mean 24-hour proteinuria was 5839.0 mg/day. Hematuria was present in 75% of patients. Hypertension was reported in 34% of patients. Acute renal failure, occurred in about 10% of patients, and chronic loss of renal function was present in about 5% at diagnosis. Conclusions: Renal amyloidosis is a disease of increasing incidence. The forms of clinical presentation proved to be variable, but the presence of proteinuria or nephrotic syndrome in elderly patients should always prompt the suspicion of renal amyloidosis and is a formal indication of renal biopsy. PMID:25657979

da Fonseca, Elissa Oliveira; Filho, Porphirio Jose Soares; da Silva, Licinio Esmeraldo; Caldas, Maria Lucia Ribeiro

2015-01-01

50

Energy-water analysis of the 10-year WECC transmission planning study cases.  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity embarked on a comprehensive program to assist our Nation's three primary electric interconnections with long term transmission planning. Given the growing concern over water resources in the western U.S. the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) requested assistance with integrating water resource considerations into their broader electric transmission planning. The result is a project with three overarching objectives: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western Interconnection to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Western States Water Council (WSWC) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and WSWC. The foundation for the Energy-Water DSS is Sandia National Laboratories Energy-Power-Water Simulation (EPWSim) model (Tidwell et al. 2009). The modeling framework targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. This framework provides an interactive environment to explore trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., state, county, watershed, interconnection). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. The framework currently supports modules for calculating water withdrawal and consumption for current and planned electric power generation; projected water demand from competing use sectors; and, surface and groundwater availability. WECC's long range planning is organized according to two target planning horizons, a 10-year and a 20-year. This study supports WECC in the 10-year planning endeavor. In this case the water implications associated with four of WECC's alternative future study cases (described below) are calculated and reported. In future phases of planning we will work with WECC to craft study cases that aim to reduce the thermoelectric footprint of the interconnection and/or limit production in the most water stressed regions of the West.

Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Passell, Howard David; Castillo, Cesar; Moreland, Barbara

2011-11-01

51

A Case Study on the Perspectives of an Optional K-5 Year-Round/Multi-Age Program in Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that the growing popularity of year-round schools (extended calendar without increasing the number of school days) has coincided with an increase in school accountability, this report provides a descriptive case study on one year-round school located within a large elementary school district in central Virginia. An optional year-round…

Morris, Roger N.

52

Pathology Case Study: Intermittent Fevers in a 43-Year-Old Black Male  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help students and instructors. In this particular study the patient is complaining of intermittent fevers. The case provides test results and data as well as microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis as well as treatment.

Dorvault, Christine

53

Reflections on Tutoring Ancient Greek Philosophy: A Case Study of Teaching First-Year Undergraduates in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a case study of my reflections on teaching a first-year undergraduate tutorial on Ancient Greek Philosophy in the UK. This study draws upon the notion of reflective practice as an essential feature of teaching, in this case applied to Higher Education. My aim is to show how a critical engagement with my teaching practices and the overall…

Vázquez, Daniel

2014-01-01

54

Designed for Learning: A Case Study in Rethinking Teaching and Learning for a Large First Year Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a case study in which the principles of scholarship were applied to designing an approach to learning suitable for large classes. While this case study describes an Australian first year Business Law unit, the findings presented in this paper would be relevant to a wide range of teachers faced with large enrollments in first…

Goldacre, Lisa; Bolt, Susan; Lambiris, Michael

2013-01-01

55

Middle Years Students' Experiences in Nature: A Case Study on Nature-Play  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasingly, children today are becoming disconnected from the natural environments resulting in a diminished sense of self, place and community. In an attempt to find out their perceptions, attitudes and values about the natural world, twenty-five Year 6 and 7 students from a northern Adelaide primary school participated in a nature-play case

Francis, Marj; Paige, Kathy; Lloyd, David

2013-01-01

56

YEAR 11 STUDENTS' INFORMAL INFERENTIAL REASONING: A CASE STUDY ABOUT THE INTERPRETATION OF BOX PLOTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Year 11 (15-year-old) students are not exposed to formal statistical inferential methods. When drawing conclusions from data, their reasoning must be based mainly on looking at graph representations. Therefore, a challenge for research is to understand the nature and type of informal inferential reasoning used by students. In this paper two studies are reported. The first study reports on the

Maxine Pfannkuch

2007-01-01

57

Pathology Case Study: A 35-Year-Old Man with Pain in Lower Thigh  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study the patient is complaining of a recurring pain in his left femur. The case provides test results, images, as well as microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis as well as treatment.

Schoedel, Karen

58

Identifying with Science: A Case Study of Two 13-Year-Old "High Achieving Working Class" British Asian Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an in-depth, "case study" style analysis of the experiences of two 13-year-old British Asian girls from a larger qualitative study investigating minority ethnic students' aspirations in science. Through the lens of identity as performativity and Bourdieu's notions of "habitus" and capital, the ways in which two girls engage…

Wong, Billy

2012-01-01

59

Teachers' Perceptions of Role Change through Shared Decision Making: A Two-Year Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the perceptions of teachers in one school as they implemented shared decision making (SDM) over a period of over 2 years. Data from 100 interviews with 54 respondents including teachers, administrators, and other staff are analyzed. The changes the teachers experienced are examined at varying levels of SDM involvement from a…

Smith, William E.

60

YEAR 11 STUDENTS ’ INFORMAL INFERENTIAL REASONING: A CASE STUDY ABOUT THE INTERPRETATION OF BOX PLOTS  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT. Year 11 (15-year-old) students are not exposed to formal statistical inferential methods. When drawing conclusions from data, their reasoning must be based mainly on looking at graph representations. Therefore, a challenge for research is to understand the nature and type of informal inferential reasoning used by students. In this paper two studies are reported. The first study reports on the development of a model for a teacher’s reasoning when drawing informal inferences from the comparison of box plots. Using this model, the second study investigates the type of reasoning her students displayed in response to an assessment task. The resultant analysis produced a conjectured hierarchical model for students ’ reasoning. The implications of the findings for instruction are discussed.

Maxine Pfannkuch

61

Atresia of the Aortic Arch in 4-Year-Old Child: A Clinical Case Study  

PubMed Central

Atresia of the aortic arch is a rare congenital heart defect with a high mortality when associated with other intracardiac defects. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) provides the exact anatomy of the aortic arch and collateral circulation and is useful to diagnose-associated aortic arch anomalies. This report describes the case of a 4-year-old child with atresia of the aortic arch, referred to our institution with the diagnosis of aortic coarctation and bicuspid aortic valve. On clinical exam, the femoral pulses were not palpable and there was a significant differential blood pressure between the upper and lower limbs. The echocardiography showed a severely stenotic bicuspid aortic valve but was limited for the exact description of the aortic arch. CMR showed absence of lumen continuity between the ascending and descending aorta distal to the left subclavian artery, extending over 5?mm, with the presence of a bend in the arch and diverticulum on either side of the zone of discontinuity, suggesting the diagnosis atresia of the aortic arch rather than coarctation or interruption. The patient benefited from a successful surgical commissurotomy of the aortic valve and reconstruction of the aortic arch with a homograft. The post-operative CMR confirmed the good surgical result. This case emphasizes the utility of CMR to provide good anatomical information to establish the exact diagnosis and the operative strategy. PMID:25853109

Nigro Stimato, Vittoria; Didier, Dominique; Beghetti, Maurice; Tissot, Cécile

2015-01-01

62

A Single Case Study of a Three Year Coordinated School Health Program at a Rural North Mississippi Elementary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The single case study presents the story of the implementation of a three year Coordinated School Health Program (CSHP) at a rural North Mississippi school. The school was recognized by the Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Healthy Schools, as one of ten selected model Mississippi healthy schools. An awarded grant of one hundred…

Howell, Sandra Lena

2010-01-01

63

Case Study of the Development of an Infant with Autism from Birth to Two Years of Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes a case study of the development of an infant with autism who was observed closely by professionals from birth and to whom a comprehensive psychological evaluation was administered at approximately 1 and 2 years of age. During the first 6 months of life, this infant displayed difficulties in oral motor coordination and muscle tone that fluctuated between

Geraldine Dawson; Julie Osterling; Andrew N. Meltzoff; Patricia Kuhl

2000-01-01

64

Learning Interdependence: A Case Study of the International/Intercultural Education of First-Year College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume asserts that international and intercultural experiences are powerful vehicles for first-year college students to learn the perspectives and skills necessary to function interdependently in a rapidly changing and complex world. This thesis is developed through an in-depth case study of efforts to provide such learning opportunities in…

Bachner, David J.; Malone, Laurence J.; Snider, Mary C.

65

Pathology Case Study: Disorientation in a 43-Year-Old Woman with Cirrhosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman with alcoholic cirrhosis and a progressive history of weakness on her right side fell four weeks ago. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

66

Black Studies Year One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though Dubois tried to begin a series of scientific studies on the Negro problem in America more than 70 years ago, only recently have attempts been made to present a true history of the Black man in institutions of higher learning. Until that time, the experience of the Black man was defined in Euro-American terms, or in most cases was completely…

Long, Richard A.

67

GCT: What happened after 10 years of curettage and cement? Retrospective study of 46 cases  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To compare the functional outcome of patients with and without arthrosis, and to determine whether the development of arthrosis is related to the distance of the tumor from the subchondral bone. METHODS: Forty six patients treated for Giant-cell tumor (GCT) between 1975 and 1999 met inclusion criteria. GCT was diagnosed by percutaneous biopsy and confirmed after resection, in all cases. Campanacci's and Kellgren's classification, the distance of the cement to the articular surface and MSTS score were obtained throughout the sample. RESULTS: The distance of the cement to the subchondral bone was associated with greater risk of developing arthrosis, but there was no difference in MSTS scores between patients with or without arthrosis. CONCLUSION: We found that the distance from the cement to the subchondral bone has a prognostic value regarding future arthrosis, but it does not impact on the functional outcome. Level of Evidence IV, Therapeutic Study PMID:25538476

Baptista, André Mathias; Camargo, André Ferrari de França; Caiero, Marcelo Tadeu; Rebolledo, Daniel César Seguel; Correia, Luiz Filipe Marques; de Camargo, Olavo Pires

2014-01-01

68

Direct transcatheter aortic valve implantation – one-year outcome of a case control study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Transaortic valve implantation (TAVI) has a well-established position in the treatment of high-risk and inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The TAVI protocol requires a pre-dilatation for native valve preparation. Aim To assess the safety and feasibility of TAVI without pre-dilatation and to compare it with the procedure with pre-dilatation. Material and methods Out of 101 TAVI patients, in 10 the procedure was performed without balloon predilatation, and 8 patients were included in the analysis. The procedural, echocardiographic, and clinical outcomes were compared with a case control matched cohort (1: 2 ratio). A 12-month follow-up was done in all cases. Results The procedure was successfully completed in all patients in the study group (SG), but there was one procedural failure in the control group (CG). All patients received a CoreValve (Medtronic) bioprosthesis. There was a significant immediate decrease in transvalvular gradients (TG) in both study arms after the procedure (SG: mean TG: from 46.0 ±14.0 mm Hg to 10.0 ±4.8 mm Hg, p < 0.001; CG: mean TG: from 55.9 ±12.0 mm Hg to 9.9 ±2.9 mm Hg, p < 0.001). A marked increase in the effective orifice areas was observed in both cohorts (SG: 1.63 ±0.13 cm2 and CG: 1.67 ±0.25 cm2, p = 0.75). The periprocedural complication rate was equally distributed in both arms. The 12-month all-cause mortality was 12.5% in both groups. Conclusions The direct TAVI approach seams to be safe and feasible. The clinical and echocardiographic results are not different from those achieved in patients treated with standard TAVI protocol with pre-dilatation. PMID:25489318

Kochman, Janusz; Huczek, Zenon; Scis?o, Piotr; Bako?, Leopold; Wilimski, Rados?aw; Rymuza, Bartosz; Opolski, Grzegorz

2014-01-01

69

Muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and extreme drive for muscularity in a 23-year-old woman: a case study.  

PubMed

We describe a 23-year-old woman with muscle dysmorphia symptomatology and extreme drive for muscularity. In addition to structured case study interviews, 3 questionnaires and a series of semistructured interview questions were administered for elaboration on key issues. The case studies allowed for triangulation of data garnered from the questionnaires. Responses revealed high scores for drive for muscularity, moderate scores for the Adonis complex, and high scores for symptoms of muscle dysmorphia. Muscle dysmorphia and drive for muscularity are more prevalent in men; however, unique cases such as this need to be further explored both empirically and theoretically. Cross-cultural references are needed to assess the overall impact of global social influences. Instruments measuring muscle dysmorphia need to be devised and validated for women as well as men. The strength and conditioning professional needs to be both aware and vigilant in helping people affected with psychosomatic disorders such as muscle dysmorphia or exercise addiction. PMID:19387376

Leone, James E

2009-05-01

70

Chinese and Australian Year 3 Children's Conceptual Understanding of Science: A Multiple Comparative Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children have formal science instruction from kindergarten in Australia and from Year 3 in China. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact that different approaches to primary science curricula in China and Australia have on children's conceptual understanding of science. Participants were Year 3 children from three schools of high,…

Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary Colette; Venville, Grady Jane

2012-01-01

71

Looking Beyond the Valley: A Five-Year Case Study of Course Innovation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined longitudinal changes in student course evaluations throughout the process of implementing information technology-enhanced delivery of a veterinary immunology course. Found that student ratings of almost all aspects of the course and instruction declined significantly during the five-year period of technology implementation and then…

Allen, Gary K.; Wedman, John F.; Folk, Lillian C.

2001-01-01

72

The Development of Writing Habitus: A Ten-Year Case Study of a Young Writer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peter, an African American writer from a low-income community, is followed across a 10-year period as he progresses from first grade through high school. Drawing on writing samples and interviews, the author identifies a set of interrelated dispositions that contribute to his development of "habitus" as a writer. This article considers…

Compton-Lilly, Catherine

2014-01-01

73

Enabling Metacognition in the Laboratory: A Case Study of Four Second Year University Chemistry Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the Competency Tripod model and flow diagrams as two sources for enabling students' metacognition in a second year undergraduate chemistry laboratory. Results indicate that all four students engaged in metacognitive practices, all believed that flow diagrams are extremely useful, and all understood the Competency Tripod model, but only…

Davidowitz, Bette; Rollnick, Marissa

2003-01-01

74

Establishing psychological services in a community-based, health care setting: A 3-year case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care practitioners are being challenged to reorganize service delivery and psychology providers are emerging as important participants in shaping the development of primary health care practices. The article outlines the 3-year process of a community\\/academic\\/health care center partnership to develop a new model for providing interdisciplinary health care services. The authors describe the process of integrating psychological services into

Kelly Ducheny; Mary R. Talen

1996-01-01

75

High Dental Caries among Adults Aged 35 to 44 Years: Case-Control Study of Distal and Proximal Factors  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to determine whether a high degree of dental caries severity is associated with the distal and proximal determinants of caries in a group of Brazilian adults aged 35 to 44 years. A population-based case-control study was conducted using two groups—a case group with high caries severity (DMFT ? 14) and a control group without high caries severity (DMFT < 14). The sample comprised adults from metropolitan Belo Horizonte, Brazil (180 cases and 180 controls matched for gender and age). The exam was performed by calibrated dentists using the DMFT index. The statistical analysis used the Mann-Whitney test and bivariate and multivariate logistic regression (the conditional backward stepwise method). The mean DMFT was 8.4 ± 3.9 in the control group and 20.1 ± 4.5 in the case group. High caries severity was associated with regular visits to the dentist, low income, use of private/supplementary dental service and not petitioning the authorities for community benefits. The results of the study underscore the importance of considering distal and proximal factors in the assessment of the severity of dental caries. Greater caries severity persists among low-income families and among groups with a low degree of social cohesion. PMID:23749056

Costa, Simone M.; Vasconcelos, Mara; Abreu, Mauro H. N. G.

2013-01-01

76

[Children's drawings: a case study of the psychotherapeutic treatment of a seven year old boy].  

PubMed

The paper explores the meaning of childrens' pictures as a symbol for growing autonomy. The psychotherapy of a 7-years old turkish boy, who came to treatment with a destroyed identity, will be described. The parents failed to support the boy's development by adequate mothering. The aggressive symptomatic as it emerged at the beginning of the psychotherapy is shown in a shipwreck. During therapy he succeeds to develop age-appropriate autonomy that is shown in a series of drawings. PMID:15730151

Stephan, Gabriele

2005-01-01

77

Cognitive function fifty-six years after surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: A case study?  

PubMed Central

We report a long-term follow-up investigation of a patient who was operated in 1954 to relieve intractable temporal lobe seizures characterized by automatism and amnesia. Neuropsychological review at 16 months after surgery showed a slight residual impairment of verbal comprehension and verbal recall and good nonverbal skills. Seizure-free since the operation except for two attacks in the early postoperative years, the patient has been off medication for 25 years and has pursued a successful career as an artist. Our investigation at 56 postoperative years focused on cognitive skills, with some emphasis on learning and memory; a clinical examination was also performed, and the anatomical extent of the resection was determined on 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Four age- and IQ-appropriate women were tested as healthy control subjects. The patient showed material-specific impairments in language and verbal memory compared with the control subjects and also compared with her own earlier performance, but her performance on other cognitive tasks did not differ from that of the control subjects. Thus, her specific deficits had worsened over time, and she was also impaired compared with healthy individuals of her age, but her deficits remained confined to the verbal sphere, consistent with her temporal lobe seizure focus and surgery. PMID:25667864

Banks, Sarah Jane; Feindel, William; Milner, Brenda; Jones-Gotman, Marilyn

2014-01-01

78

Cognitive function fifty-six years after surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: A case study.  

PubMed

We report a long-term follow-up investigation of a patient who was operated in 1954 to relieve intractable temporal lobe seizures characterized by automatism and amnesia. Neuropsychological review at 16 months after surgery showed a slight residual impairment of verbal comprehension and verbal recall and good nonverbal skills. Seizure-free since the operation except for two attacks in the early postoperative years, the patient has been off medication for 25 years and has pursued a successful career as an artist. Our investigation at 56 postoperative years focused on cognitive skills, with some emphasis on learning and memory; a clinical examination was also performed, and the anatomical extent of the resection was determined on 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Four age- and IQ-appropriate women were tested as healthy control subjects. The patient showed material-specific impairments in language and verbal memory compared with the control subjects and also compared with her own earlier performance, but her performance on other cognitive tasks did not differ from that of the control subjects. Thus, her specific deficits had worsened over time, and she was also impaired compared with healthy individuals of her age, but her deficits remained confined to the verbal sphere, consistent with her temporal lobe seizure focus and surgery. PMID:25667864

Banks, Sarah Jane; Feindel, William; Milner, Brenda; Jones-Gotman, Marilyn

2014-01-01

79

Maturation to elite status: a six-year physiological case study of a world champion rowing crew.  

PubMed

This case study reports the results of a 6-year (2005-2010) follow-up study of a world-class rowing crew, the current world champions. The rowers were 15-16 years old and prospective competitors at the junior level when the study began in 2005, and we monitored their physical, physiological, and rowing ergometer performance data annually. Our findings indicated that over the 6-year period gains in stature, averaged across rowers, amounted to only +2 cm (+1%). In contrast, body mass increased by +9 kg (+10%) and fat-free mass by +11 kg (+15%). A significant linear trend (R (2) = 0.998, P < 0.001) and a +26% increase in maximal oxygen uptake (in L min(-1)) was evident from 2005 to 2009, resulting in a leveling-off and a crew average of ~6.6 L min(-1) (~70 mL kg(-1) min(-1)) during the last 2 years of assessment. Power output at anaerobic threshold increased by +23%, subsequently amounting to a crew average of 359 W in 2010. Oxygen uptake at anaerobic threshold, expressed as a percentage of maximal oxygen uptake, changed little and ranged between 82 and 85%. A curvilinear regression provided the best fit to describe the 6-year improvement (+7%) in 2000 m (R (2) = 0.984, P < 0.001) and 6000 m (R (2) = 0.989, P < 0.001) rowing ergometer performance times. Performance-related physical and physiological parameters seem to level-off at about 20 years of age, which may partly explain the corresponding stabilization in ergometer performance times over the last years of assessment. PMID:21336950

Mikulic, Pavle

2011-09-01

80

Training to Use the Scientific Method in a First-Year Physics Laboratory: A Case Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, a specific implementation of a so-called experimental or open-ended laboratory is proposed and evaluated. Keeping in mind the scheduling limitations imposed by the context, first-year engineering physics laboratory practices have been revised in order to facilitate acquisition of the skills that are required in the experimental work. These skills concern different conceptual and procedural abilities related to designing experiments, taking measurements, analyzing the results and reporting properly the whole process. The employed approach is described, and the achieved results are evaluated by a series of tests at the beginning and end of the academic year. Additionally, the students' laboratory reports are used to quantify the evolution of acquiring these scientific skills. The evaluation of the results obtained from the aforementioned tests and laboratory reports gives enlightening information about students' apprehension of the experimental method itself, as well as the difficulties they find in each of the different, complex tasks that they must carry out during this process.

Sarasola, Ane; Rojas, Jose Félix; Okariz, Ana

2015-03-01

81

The Documentation of Extreme Hydrometeorlogical Events: Two Case Studies in Utah, Water Year 2005.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Natural Resources Conservation Service, formerly the Soil Conservation Service, has monitored mountain snowpack and precipitation in the Western United States since 1934. The automation of measurement sites began in the late 1970s and now over 700 snow telemetry (SNOTEL) sites are installed, most reporting hourly. The established length of record and hourly records now make it possible to evaluate and document extreme hydrometeorlogical events. Two recent events brought the documentation of extreme events to the attention of the Utah Snow Survey office. During October 20 - 22, 2004, the twenty four hour precipitation intensities for six Utah sites exceeded the National Weather Service estimated 100 year average return interval, and eleven of seventy seven Utah sites with 15 years or longer record, measured the maximum twenty four hour precipitation intensity of record. A second event, Jan 8 - 12, 2005, ravaged SW Utah with high intensity rains and snow leading to the flooding of the Santa Clara River and the destruction of over twenty homes. This event is particularly relevant to the precipitation form issues of rain, snow, or rain-on-snow. This paper will evaluate the atmospheric circulation conditions that drove these events, and present precipitation intensities, absolute precipitation, snow water equivalent storm totals, and stream flows. The Utah NRCS Snow Survey office is working towards a Snow Survey system wide protocol for the documentation of extreme events recorded by SNOTEL stations that will provide validation and documentation of extreme events, easily accessed by current and future data users.

Bardsley, T.; Losleben, M.; Julander, R.

2005-12-01

82

Interracial Friendships across the College Years: Evidence from a Longitudinal Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study the authors explored factors that influence the degree to which students' campus friends are of a different race or ethnicity. They focused on relationships that were more sustained and that involved greater trust than routine interactions on campus, but were less intimate than best or closest friends. Recent studies show that…

Martin, Nathan D.; Tobin, William; Spenner, Kenneth I.

2014-01-01

83

Endocrine pancreatic tumors with glucagon hypersecretion: a retrospective study of 23 cases during 20 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Glucagon-secreting endocrine pancreatic tumor is a rare disease, hence controlled studies on clinical management are lacking.\\u000a In an attempt to assess the efficacy of diagnostic and therapeutic measures in patients with glucagonoma, a retrospective\\u000a study was performed using the archives of a tertiary care center.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and methods  Records from 340 patients with endocrine pancreatic tumors were reassessed and 23 patients

Henrik Kindmark; Anders Sundin; Dan Granberg; Kristina Dunder; Britt Skogseid; Eva Tiensuu Janson; Staffan Welin; Kjell Öberg; Barbro Eriksson

2007-01-01

84

Teachers' and Children's Personal Epistemologies for Moral Education: Case Studies in Early Years Elementary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While there is strong interest in teaching values in Australia and internationally there is little focus on young children's moral values learning in the classroom. Research shows that personal epistemology influences teaching and learning in a range of education contexts, including moral education. This study examines relationships between…

Brownlee, Jo; Syu, Jia-Jia; Mascadri, Julia; Cobb-Moore, Charlotte; Walker, Sue; Johansson, Eva; Boulton-Lewis, Gillian; Ailwood, Jo

2012-01-01

85

Azo dyes and related compounds as important aquatic contaminants: a ten-year case study  

EPA Science Inventory

Mutagenicity has been found in several aquatic systems in the world; however, this activity usually is not associated with any of the compounds that are currently regulated. Attempting to identify these hazardous compounds, an integrated study was conducted, employing several dif...

86

A 20-Year Examination of the Perceptions of Business School Interns: A Longitudinal Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined students' attitudes toward specific elements of an ongoing internship program. The study sample consisted of 816 student interns from 25 different colleges and universities. Results indicate that despite significant changes in instructional design and the incorporation of new technologies into the learning environment,…

Cook, Sherry James; Stokes, Amy; Parker, Richard Stephen

2015-01-01

87

The Effectiveness of a Case Study-Based First-Year Biology Class at a Black Women's College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors used a case study-based approach in the introductory biology course at Spelman College. The course taught to entering freshmen was divided into three modules--ecology, evolution, and biodiversity, each designed around a case study. They noted that (1) case study teaching was dramatically more effective than the traditional lecture…

Pai, Aditi; Benning, Tracy; Woods, Natasha; McGinnis, Gene; Chu, Joanne; Netherton, Josh; Bauerle, Cynthia

2010-01-01

88

Case Study of the Development of an Infant with Autism from Birth to Two Years of Age  

PubMed Central

This report describes a case study of the development of an infant with autism who was observed closely by professionals from birth and to whom a comprehensive psychological evaluation was administered at approximately 1 and 2 years of age. During the first 6 months of life, this infant displayed difficulties in oral motor coordination and muscle tone that fluctuated between hypotonia and hypertonia. He startled easily, had poor state regulation, and was hypersensitive to touch. Notably, however, during the first 6 months, this infant vocalized and responded socially to others by smiling and cooing. During the second half of the first year, he continued to demonstrate diffuse sensorimotor difficulties and diminished oral motor control. Hypersensitivity now extended to a wider range of stimuli. He had problems in sleep regulation. Motor stereotypies, including rocking, head banging, and toe walking, were observed. Difficulties in the domain of social interaction began to emerge during the second 6 months, including poor eye contact, failure to engage in imitative games, and lack of imitative vocal responses. By a little over 1 year of age, this infant met diagnostic criteria for autism based on the Autism Diagnostic Interview. There were several domains in which this toddler with autism did not show impairments. In the areas of immediate memory for actions, working memory, response inhibition, and speech perception, this 1-year old with autism displayed no evidence of significant impairment on the tests administered. This case study offers clues regarding the nature of autism at its earliest stages. Understanding early development in autism will be important for developing early screening and diagnostic tools. PMID:23667283

Dawson, Geraldine; Osterling, Julie; Meltzoff, Andrew N.; Kuhl, Patricia

2013-01-01

89

Odontogenic tumors: A collaborative study of 218 cases diagnosed over 12 years and comprehensive review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The objective of this study was to analyze the frequency and distribution of odontogenic tumors (OTs) in the Cappadocia region of Turkey, and to compare the findings with those reported in the literature. Study Design: The records of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Pathology Departments at Erciyes University, with histologic diagnosis of odontogenic tumors (based on the World Health Organization classification, 2005), over a 12-year period, were analyzed. The relative frequency of different types of tumors was also analyzed and compared with the literature. Results: OTs in the present study constituted 2.74% of all the 7,942 registered biopsies. A total of 218 cases of OTs were collected and reviewed. Of these, (94.04%) were benign and (5.96%) were malignant. The mandible was the most commonly affected anatomic location, with 170 cases (77.9%). Ameloblastoma with a predilection for the posterior mandible was the most frequent odontogenic tumor (30.28%), followed by keratocystic odontogenic tumor (19.5%), odontoma (13.4%), and odontogenic myxoma (8.5%). Conclusions: OTs are rare neoplasms and appear to show geographic variations in the world. In Cappadocia, Turkey, they are more common in the mandible, with ameloblastoma followed by keratocystic odontogenic tumors with the incidences observed in the present study being similar to those of previous studies from Asia and Africa, and in contrast to those reported from American countries. Key words:Odontogenic tumors, WHO classification, prevalence, jaws. PMID:25481228

Nazl?m, Sinan; Etoz, Meryem; Den?z, Kemal; Yasa, Yasin

2015-01-01

90

Aetiology of burn injuries among children aged 0-4 years: results of a case-control study.  

PubMed

During the year 1987/1988 a case-control study was conducted, by means of a postal questionnaire, among parents of children aged 0-4 years. Cases (n = 122) were 0-4-year-old Dutch children who visited emergency departments with burn injuries. Controls (n = 213) were a sample of the Dutch population of 0-4-year-old children without burn injuries. Odds ratios based on logistic regression (OR-LR) and 90 per cent confidence intervals (CI (90 per cent) were calculated for a number of putative risk factors. The risk of burns was higher for children with other than Dutch (e.g. Turkish) ethnicity (OR-LR = 5.6; CI (90 per cent) = 2.6-11.9). Children who lived in relatively small houses turned out to have a higher risk of burns (OR-LR = 2.5; CI(90 per cent) = 1.3-4.7). To our surprise, children belonging to lower socioeconomic classes were found to have a decreased risk of burns (OR-LR = 0.3; CI (90 per cent) = 0.1-0.6). Furthermore, among several manipulatable risk factors, the use of an oven window which gets hot while in use appeared to have an increased risk of burns (OR-LR = 2.1; CI(90 per cent) 1.3-3.5). The same holds for the storage of hot drinks in their original pots instead of in vacuum flasks (OR-LR = 2.0; CI (90 per cent) 1.2-3.1). Cooking on a gas stove was found to be another risk factor (OR-LR = 2.5; CI(90 per cent) 1.1-10.0). PMID:1892554

van Rijn, O J; Bouter, L M; Kester, A D; Knipschild, P G; Meertens, R M

1991-06-01

91

Decision PBL: A 4-year retrospective case study of the use of virtual patients in problem-based learning.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: In 2009, St George's University of London (SGUL) replaced their paper-based problem-based learning (PBL) cases with virtual patients for intermediate-level undergraduate students. This involved the development of Decision-Problem-Based Learning (D-PBL), a variation on progressive-release PBL that uses virtual patients instead of paper cases, and focuses on patient management decisions and their consequences. Methods: Using a case study method, this paper describes four years of developing and running D-PBL at SGUL from individual activities up to the ways in which D-PBL functioned as an educational system. Results: A number of broad issues were identified: the importance of debates and decision-making in making D-PBL activities engaging and rewarding; the complexities of managing small group dynamics; the time taken to complete D-PBL activities; the changing role of the facilitator; and the erosion of the D-PBL process over time. Conclusions: A key point in understanding this work is the construction and execution of the D-PBL activity, as much of the value of this approach arises from the actions and interactions of students, their facilitators and the virtual patients rather than from the design of the virtual patients alone. At a systems level D-PBL needs to be periodically refreshed to retain its effectiveness. PMID:25313934

Ellaway, Rachel H; Poulton, Terry; Jivram, Trupti

2014-10-14

92

Gorham's disease: a report of a case with mandibular involvement in a 10-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Gorham's disease, or vanishing bone disease, is a rare condition of unknown aetiology. Any bone of the body can be affected, although there is a predilection for the pelvis, humerus, axial skeleton and the mandible. The mandible is the most commonly involved bone in the maxillofacial region. 41 cases have been reported so far in the literature showing involvement of the mandible in Gorham's disease. This paper presents a rare case of Gorham's disease involving the mandible in a 38-year-old male with a 10-year follow-up. PMID:22241873

Reddy, SJ; Jatti, DS

2012-01-01

93

Exposure to air pollutants and mortality in hypertensive patients according to demography: a 10 year case-crossover study.  

PubMed

This study evaluated whether short term exposures to NO2, O3, particulate matter <10 mm in diameter (PM10) were associated with higher risk of mortality. A total of 223,287 hypertensive patients attended public health-care services and newly prescribed at least 1 antihypertensive agent were followed-up for up to 5 years. A time-stratified, bi-directional case-crossover design was adopted. For all-cause mortality, significant positive associations were observed for NO2 and PM10 at lag 0-3 days per 10 ?g/m(3) increase in concentration (excess risks 1.187%-2.501%). Significant positive associations were found for O3 at lag 1 and 2 days and the excess risks were 1.654% and 1.207%, respectively. We found similarly positive associations between these pollutants and respiratory disease mortality. These results were significant among those aged ?65 years and in cold seasons only. Older hypertensive patients are susceptible to all-cause and respiratory disease-specific deaths from these air pollutants in cold weather. PMID:24953346

Wong, Martin C S; Tam, Wilson W S; Wang, Harry H X; Lao, X Q; Zhang, Daisy Dexing; Chan, Sky W M; Kwan, Mandy W M; Fan, Carmen K M; Cheung, Clement S K; Tong, Ellen L H; Cheung, N T; Tse, L A; Yu, Ignatius T S

2014-09-01

94

NCCCP: Comparative Case Studies  

Cancer.gov

For the case studies, RTI will conduct site visits during each of the three years of program implementation to obtain in-depth information about aspects of each program's design, development, and implementation.

95

Circulating Angiopoietin-2 levels predict mortality in kidney transplant recipients: a 4-year prospective case-cohort study.  

PubMed

Angiopoietin 2 (Angpt2) impairs endothelial function by preventing angiopoietin 1 from binding to their common endothelial-specific receptor Tie2. Here, we examined whether circulating Angpt2 predicts outcome in kidney transplant recipients. For this case-cohort study, we selected 130 kidney transplant recipients who had died or returned to dialysis within the first 2 years of follow-up of our cohort study, as well as 130 age- and gender-matched kidney transplant recipients without an event (controls) from a total of 993 kidney transplant recipients. The total of 260 selected patients were followed in median 4 years. Serum Angpt2 at baseline was measured using an in-house immunoluminometric assay. Median Angpt2 concentrations were significantly higher in patients who died [median (interquartile range--IQR) 3.6 (2.8-5.9) ng/ml] as compared to patients who did not die during the study period [2.8 (2.1-4.1) ng/ml; P < 0.001]. Ln (natural log) Angpt2 levels correlated positively with C-reactive protein levels (r = 0.315, P < 0.001) and the Charlson Comorbidity Index (r = 0.188, P = 0.002) and were inversely associated with eGFR (r = -0.301, P < 0.001) hemoglobin (r = -0.269, P < 0.001), and serum albumin concentrations (r = -0.382, P < 0.001). On multivariate analyses, baseline Angpt2 levels independently predicted all-cause mortality (multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio associated with one natural log unit higher Angpt2 level: 1.70 (95% confidence interval: 1.10-2.61)). In our analysis, circulating Angpt2 was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in stable, prevalent kidney transplant recipients. PMID:24628855

Molnar, Miklos Z; Kümpers, Philipp; Kielstein, Jan T; Schiffer, Mario; Czira, Maria E; Ujszaszi, Akos; Kovesdy, Csaba P; Mucsi, Istvan

2014-06-01

96

Early Neuropsychological Tests as Correlates of Productivity 1 Year after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Matched Case-Control Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relative strength of five neuropsychological tests in correlating with productivity 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Six moderate-to-severe TBI patients who returned to work at 1-year post-injury were matched with six controls who were unemployed after 1 year based on age, severity of injury, and Functional…

Ryu, Won Hyung A.; Cullen, Nora K.; Bayley, Mark T.

2010-01-01

97

PRE-SERVICE TO IN-SERVICE: A THREE-YEAR CASE STUDY OF PRIMARY LITERACY TEACHERS  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT The purpose of this emic collective case study was to investigate the transitions of three effective teachers of literacy from pre-service to in-service teaching. As their university supervisor, I selected these ...

Segebrecht, Lynn Elaine

2010-07-27

98

Chronic fatigue syndrome-like caseness as a predictor of work status in fatigued employees on sick leave: four year follow up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess whether CFS-like caseness (meeting the criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)) predicts work status in the long term.Methods: Prospective study in a sample of fatigued employees absent from work. Data were collected at baseline and four years later, and included CFS-like caseness and work status (inactive work status and full work incapacity).Results: CFS-like cases at baseline were

M J H Huibers; S S Leone; IJ Kant; J A Knottnerus

2006-01-01

99

Extension Specialist Case Studies Case Study 1  

E-print Network

Extension Specialist Case Studies Case Study 1: A horticulture extension specialist is located. Case Study 2: A small grains extension specialist is located on campus at OSU. He is housed which way to vote on this case? file: P&T case studies.doc #12;

Tullos, Desiree

100

Hispanic Students' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Learning Communities: A Case Study of First-Year University Students  

E-print Network

-Year Success Program: This term encompasses the mentoring program, learning communities, and the Freshman Seminar course. THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE For this study, I plan to employ both critical theory and sociocultural theory. Traditional lecture... curriculum nor the peer mentoring program as particularly useful. In order to improve the First-Year Success program, these issues must be addressed...

Kazen, Hayley D.

2010-01-15

101

Four Case Studies, Six Years Later: Developing System Thinking Skills in Junior High School and Sustaining Them over Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the process by which system thinking perceptions develop within the context of a water cycle curriculum. Four junior high school students undergoing an especially designed inquiry-based intervention were closely observed before, during, immediately after, and 6 years after completing a year long systems-based learning program.…

Ben-Zvi-Assaraf, Orit; Orion, Nir

2010-01-01

102

Sudden Unexpected Deaths and Vaccinations during the First Two Years of Life in Italy: A Case Series Study  

PubMed Central

Background The signal of an association between vaccination in the second year of life with a hexavalent vaccine and sudden unexpected deaths (SUD) in the two days following vaccination was reported in Germany in 2003. A study to establish whether the immunisation with hexavalent vaccines increased the short term risk of SUD in infants was conducted in Italy. Methodology/Principal Findings The reference population comprises around 3 million infants vaccinated in Italy in the study period 1999–2004 (1.5 million received hexavalent vaccines). Events of SUD in infants aged 1–23 months were identified through the death certificates. Vaccination history was retrieved from immunisation registries. Association between immunisation and death was assessed adopting a case series design focusing on the risk periods 0–1, 0–7, and 0–14 days after immunisation. Among the 604 infants who died of SUD, 244 (40%) had received at least one vaccination. Four deaths occurred within two days from vaccination with the hexavalent vaccines (RR?=?1.5; 95% CI 0.6 to 4.2). The RRs for the risk periods 0–7 and 0–14 were 2.0 (95% CI 1.2 to 3.5) and 1.5 (95% CI 0.9 to 2.4). The increased risk was limited to the first dose (RR?=?2.2; 95% CI 1.1 to 4.4), whereas no increase was observed for the second and third doses combined. Conclusions The RRs of SUD for any vaccines and any risk periods, even when greater than 1, were almost an order of magnitude lower than the estimates in Germany. The limited increase in RRs found in Italy appears confined to the first dose and may be partly explained by a residual uncontrolled confounding effect of age. PMID:21298113

Traversa, Giuseppe; Spila-Alegiani, Stefania; Bianchi, Clara; Ciofi degli Atti, Marta; Frova, Luisa; Massari, Marco; Raschetti, Roberto; Salmaso, Stefania; Scalia Tomba, Gianpaolo

2011-01-01

103

"Growing Up" through the Middle Level Years: A Case Study in Leadership Actions Necessary to Meet Students' Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the journey of a suburban middle level principal, as she led a school through an educational change process. This was a single case study design involving the school leader as principal participant, and the researcher as participant observer. The theoretical model that was developed for this…

Smith, M. Melissa Richard

2010-01-01

104

Case Study of Employment Trends across 25 Years of Graduates of a Japanese Science and Technology University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduates in the areas of Science and Technology are believed to have traditionally been employed in a number of specific industries, but the recent restructuring of some industries may have affected this phenomenon. In order to examine the trends concerning employment issues in more detail, a case study was conducted by surveying employment…

Nakayama, Minoru

2014-01-01

105

Frequency of contact with community-based psychiatric services and the lunar cycle: a 10-year case-register study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between the lunar cycle and the frequency of contact with community-based psychiatric services was assessed using the South Verona Psychiatric Case Register data. For each day of the study period (January 1982–December 1991) we recorded the number of contacts made by South Verona residents with psychiatric services and the corresponding day of the lunar cycle. First, the synodic

F. Amaddeo; G. Bisoffi; R. Micciolo; M. Piccinelli; M. Tansella

1997-01-01

106

Designing Meaning with Multiple Media Sources: A Case Study of an Eight-Year-Old Student's Writing Processes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study closely examines how John (a former student of mine, age eight, second grade) composed during an informal writing group at school. Using qualitative research methods, I found that John selectively took up conventions, characters, story grammars, themes, and motifs from video games, television, Web pages, and comics. Likening his…

Ranker, Jason

2007-01-01

107

Family-Based Treatment of a 17-Year-Old Twin Presenting with Emerging Anorexia Nervosa: A Case Study Using the "Maudsley Method"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the successful application of family-based treatment (FBT) for a 17-year-old identical twin presenting with a 4-month history of clinically significant symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). FBT is a manualized treatment that has been studied in randomized controlled trials for adolescents with AN. This case study illustrates…

Loeb, Katharine L.; Hirsch, Alicia M.; Greif, Rebecca; Hildebrandt, Thomas B.

2009-01-01

108

Building a Community of Scholars: One University's Comparison of "Typical" vs. Open Ended Ethics Case Studies in First-Year Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethics is among the professional skills embedded in the first year engineering curriculum in many institutions. The general format of the study of ethics is similar to many other institutions: student teams review case studies and develop written and oral presentations on the ethical issues encountered. This report investigates whether the use of…

Reid, Kenneth J.

2012-01-01

109

LITEM039: Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This seminar looks at ways in which specific author s\\/works pass into other cultures through translation. This year's set of case studies will i nvolve close textual study of a range of different texts to examine how translators have tackled probl ems of linguistic and cultural difference. The source texts will be taken from a variety of langua ges including

Janet Garton

110

CASE STUDY  

E-print Network

Abstract: The present study indicate that the copper mineralization in the area is of the nature of scattered sporadic occurrences of narrow lenticular and impersistent stringers and veins of copper-ore in vein-quartz and pegmatite traversing the amphibolite and garnetiferous mica schist country

D. B. Sankar; K. S. Sai Prasad

111

Using Conference Submission Data to Uncover Broad Trends in Language Teaching: A Case Study of One Conference over 30 Years  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Submissions to conferences can provide rich material for analysing characteristics and trends within a conference's history and that of similar conferences, as well as the associated field at large. The present study uses data gathered over 30 years from a language teachers' conference in Japan (JALT National) to expound upon patterns related to…

Stapleton, Paul

2013-01-01

112

The Prediction of Academic Performance in the First-Year: A Case Study at the National University of Lesotho.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 90 first-year business students at the National University of Lesotho investigated predictors of academic success. Of 29 student characteristics or attributes considered, educational attainment at the secondary level, communication skills, understanding of introductory economics, introductory instruction in law and legal method, and…

Ayaya, Onesmus Ongulu

1996-01-01

113

THE BLACK-WHITE ACHIEVEMENT GAP IN THE FIRST COLLEGE YEAR: EVIDENCE FROM A NEW LONGITUDINAL CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the United States, an achievement gap between whites and blacks persists at all levels of schooling from elementary school to higher education. Definitive reasons and remedies for minority underperformance remain unclear. This study examines how students acquire and utilize “collegiate capital” which, in turn, relates to their academic achievement in the first year of college. Results indicate that significant

Kenneth I. Spenner; Claudia Buchmann; Lawrence R. Landerman

2004-01-01

114

Tropical rainforests: a case study of UK, 13-year-olds’ knowledge and understanding of these environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tropical rainforests are biologically rich ecosystems, which are threatened by a variety of different human activities. This study focuses on students’ knowledge and understanding of rainforest locations, their reasons for protecting these environments and their familiarity with selected concepts about rainforest vegetation and soil. These questions are addressed, through the analysis of answers about rainforests included in an end-of-year examination

Jane Dove

2012-01-01

115

Pathology Case Study: Dysphagia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. The patient in this particular case is a 64-year-old male with difficulty swallowing anything other than liquids. Patient history and both the gross and microscopic descriptions, which include images, are included in this case study. The contributing doctors provide a detailed discussion of the patientâ??s condition in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Barnes, Leon, 1941-

116

Validation of self-reported start year of mobile phone use in a Swedish case-control study on radiofrequency fields and acoustic neuroma risk.  

PubMed

The possible effect of radiofrequency exposure from mobile phones on tumor risk has been studied since the late 1990s. Yet, empirical information about recall of the start of mobile phone use among adult cases and controls has never been reported. Limited knowledge about recall errors hampers interpretations of the epidemiological evidence. We used network operator data to validate the self-reported start year of mobile phone use in a case-control study of mobile phone use and acoustic neuroma risk. The answers of 96 (29%) cases and 111 (22%) controls could be included in the validation. The larger proportion of cases reflects a more complete and detailed reporting of subscription history. Misclassification was substantial, with large random errors, small systematic errors, and no significant differences between cases and controls. The average difference between self-reported and operator start year was -0.62 (95% confidence interval: -1.42, 0.17) years for cases and -0.71 (-1.50, 0.07) years for controls, standard deviations were 3.92 and 4.17 years, respectively. Agreement between self-reported and operator-recorded data categorized into short, intermediate and long-term use was moderate (kappa statistic: 0.42). Should an association exist, dilution of risk estimates and distortion of exposure-response patterns for time since first mobile phone use could result from the large random errors in self-reported start year. Retrospective collection of operator data likely leads to a selection of "good reporters", with a higher proportion of cases. Thus, differential recall cannot be entirely excluded. PMID:25352163

Pettersson, David; Bottai, Matteo; Mathiesen, Tiit; Prochazka, Michaela; Feychting, Maria

2015-01-01

117

The Acquisition of the English Progressive: A Case Study of a Seven-Year-Old Hebrew Speaker. Working Papers on Bilingualism, No. 18.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper reports on a case study investigating the acquisition of form and function of the English progressive by a seven-year-old Hebrew speaker, learning English as a second language. The paper describes the different elicitation techniques used, and discusses the suitability of such techniques for the investigation of form and…

Olshtain, Elite

118

Risk factors for adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in women aged 20–44 years: the UK National Case–Control Study of Cervical Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report results on risk factors for invasive squamous cell and adenocarcinomas of the cervix in women aged 20–44 years from the UK National Case–Control Study of Cervical Cancer, including 180 women with adenocarcinoma, 391 women with squamous cell carcinoma and 923 population controls. The risk of both squamous cell and adenocarcinoma was strongly related to the lifetime number of

J Green; A Berrington de Gonzalez; S Sweetland; V Beral; C Chilvers; B Crossley; J Deacon; C Hermon; P Jha; D Mant; J Peto; M Pike; M P Vessey

2003-01-01

119

Early Orientation Toward Future Profession: A Case Study of Introduction into Information Systems Development for the First-Year Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The chapter describes an experience of the Institute of Applied Computer Systems of Riga Technical University in the implementation of a business game related to the information system development project within the course “Introduction to study area” for the first-year bachelor-level students. The conception of the business game and its implementation scenario, as well as results of processing of students' questionnaires evaluating organization of the game, and changes in students' knowledge about the information system development are discussed.

Anohina, Alla; Grundspenkis, Janis; Nikitenko, Evita

120

Geothermal Case Studies  

DOE Data Explorer

database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

Young, Katherine

121

CASE STUDY CRITIQUE; UPPER CLINCH CASE STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

Case study critique: Upper Clinch case study (from Research on Methods for Integrating Ecological Economics and Ecological Risk Assessment: A Trade-off Weighted Index Approach to Integrating Economics and Ecological Risk Assessment). This critique answers the questions: 1) does ...

122

The social, educational and cognitive factors of success in the first year of university: A case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main objective of this study, which evaluated a sample of first-year students enrolled at the University of Burgundy, France, in 2010-2011, is to understand the factors determining success in the first year of university. The originality of this research lies in the inclusion of specific indicators of students' skills when they start university within the explanatory models of educational achievement. These indicators include measures of academic performance (written comprehension skills) and cognitive abilities. While the impact of cognitive abilities on educational success has been examined at primary level in France, the present study is among the first to do this at higher education level, with the additional consideration of students' educational and social backgrounds. The results show the significant impact of educational background (repeated years, type of baccalaureate and baccalaureate grade) on success. The researchers also found that written comprehension skills and cognitive abilities alone play a limited role in explaining success, since the impacts of these variables are apparent throughout a student's educational career (and not just in higher education). Another finding was that subject choice based on specific career aspirations is an important factor associated with success - a significant insight which qualifies the impact of educational background.

Morlaix, Sophie; Suchaut, Bruno

2015-01-01

123

Cervical Screening at Age 50–64 Years and the Risk of Cervical Cancer at Age 65 Years and Older: Population-Based Case Control Study  

PubMed Central

Background There is little consensus, and minimal evidence, regarding the age at which to stop cervical screening. We studied the association between screening at age 50–64 y and cervical cancer at age 65–83 y. Methods and Findings Cases were women (n?=?1,341) diagnosed with cervical cancer at age 65–83 y between 1 April 2007 and 31 March 2012 in England and Wales; age-matched controls (n?=?2,646) were randomly selected from population registers. Screening details from 1988 onwards were extracted from national databases. We calculated the odds ratios (OR) for different screening histories and subsequent cervical cancer. Women with adequate negative screening at age 65 y (288 cases, 1,395 controls) were at lowest risk of cervical cancer (20-y risk: 8 cancers per 10,000 women) compared with those (532 cases, 429 controls) not screened at age 50–64 y (20-y risk: 49 cancers per 10,000 women, with OR?=?0.16, 95% CI 0.13–0.19). ORs depended on the age mix of women because of the weakening association with time since last screen: OR?=?0.11, 95% CI 0.08–0.14 at 2.5 to 7.5 y since last screen; OR?=?0.27, 95% CI 0.20–0.36 at 12.5 to 17.5 y since last screen. Screening at least every 5.5 y between the ages 50 and 64 y was associated with a 75% lower risk of cervical cancer between the ages 65 and 79 y (OR?=?0.25, 95% CI 0.21–0.30), and the attributable risk was such that in the absence of screening, cervical cancer rates in women aged 65+ would have been 2.4 (95% CI 2.1–2.7) times higher. In women aged 80–83 y the association was weaker (OR?=?0.49, 95% CI 0.28–0.83) than in those aged 65–69 y (OR?=?0.12, 95% CI 0.09–0.17). This study was limited by an absence of data on confounding factors; additionally, findings based on cytology may not generalise to human papillomavirus testing. Conclusions Women with adequate negative screening at age 50–64 y had one-sixth of the risk of cervical cancer at age 65–83 y compared with women who were not screened. Stopping screening between ages 60 and 69 y in women with adequate negative screening seems sensible, but further screening may be justifiable as life expectancy increases. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary PMID:24453946

Castańón, Alejandra; Landy, Rebecca; Cuzick, Jack; Sasieni, Peter

2014-01-01

124

Oral Health in 4-6 Years Children with Cleft Lip/Palate: A Case Control Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Oro-facial clefts are a major public health problem. Children with clefts rarely escape dental complications. Aims: This study was to determine differences in the dental caries experience, gingival health, and prevalence malocclusion, enamel defects and oral mucosal lesions among 4-6 year old children with and without cleft in Panchkula. Materials and Methods: The sampling frame consisted of 4-6 year old children with clefts visiting Swami Devi Dyal Hospital and Dental College, Panchkula, India. As a control group an age (±3 months) and gender-matched sample from the same geographical areas were recruited. Dental caries status, gingival health status, developmental defect of enamel, malocclusion and oral mucosal health were assessed and compared between the two groups. Results: Significant differences in dental caries and gingival health status were found between children with and without cleft. Anterior open-bite, increased overjet and oral mucosal lesions (P < 0.05) were more prevalent among children with clefts. Children with and without clefts had similar developmental defects of enamel (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Differences of oral health status exist among 4-6 year old children with and without clefts. Children fare worse in terms of dental caries, gingival health, oral mucosal health and malocclusion. PMID:25006561

Chopra, Amandeep; Lakhanpal, Manav; Rao, Nanak Chand; Gupta, Nidhi; Vashisth, Shelja

2014-01-01

125

Two-year changes in quality of life in elderly patients with low-energy hip fractures. A case-control study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The long-term effect of hip fracture on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and global quality of life (GQOL) has not been thoroughly studied in prospective case-control studies. AIMS: a) to explore whether patients with low-energy hip fracture regain their pre-fracture levels in HRQOL and GQOL compared with changes in age- and sex-matched controls over a two year period; b)

Gudrun Rohde; Glenn Haugeberg; Anne Marit Mengshoel; Torbjorn Moum; Astrid K Wahl

2010-01-01

126

Changes in Life-Style in Men Under Sixty Years of Age Before and After Acute Myocardial Infarction: A Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case-control study was conducted to examine the presence of psychosocial factors before, during, and after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Dutch men under sixty years of age. The study included 42 AMI patients and 48 individuals in an age-adjusted sampled control group. The psychological factors included high level of psychological stress, of social isolation, type A1 and A2 behavior,

Ton J. M. Cleophas; Sandra J. de Jong; Menco G. Niemeyer; Piet Tavenier; Koos Zwinderman; Cl. Kuypers

1993-01-01

127

First- and fifth-year medical students' intention for emigration and practice abroad: a case study of Serbia.  

PubMed

Health worker migration is causing profound health, safety, social, economic and political challenges to countries without special policies for health professionals' mobility. This study describes the prevalence of migration intentions among medical undergraduates, identifies underlying factors related to migration intention and describes subsequent actions in Serbia. Data were captured by survey of 938 medical students from Belgrade University (94% response rate), representing two thirds of matching students in Serbia stated their intentions, reasons and obstacles regarding work abroad. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics and a sequential multivariate logistic regression. Based on descriptive and inferential statistics we were able to predict the profile of first and fifth year medical students who intend or have plans to work abroad. This study contributes to our understanding of the causes and correlates of intent to migrate and could serve to raise awareness and point to the valuable policy options to manage migration. PMID:25458972

Santric-Milicevic, Milena M; Terzic-Supic, Zorica J; Matejic, Bojana R; Vasic, Vladimir; Ricketts, Thomas C

2014-11-01

128

A case study of the Physics Enhancement Project for Two Year Colleges, its effects and outcomes on the teaching of undergraduate physics at two year colleges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation reports on a naturalistic evaluation study of a series of NSF grant projects collectively known as PEPTYC -- Physics Enhancement Project for Two Year College Physics Instructors. The project encompassed seven different cycles of professional development occurring during the 1990's via May Institutes, held at Texas A&M University. Follow-up meetings were held at American Association of Physics Teachers - Texas Section Meetings. The research was conducted post hoc. The research evaluated the characteristics of effective professional development under an evaluation frame work designed by D.L. Kirkpatrick (1959) and adapted by the researcher to address issues that are pertinent to the professional development of faculty. This framework was adapted to be viewed through an educator's eye in an effort to ascertain the long term affects of the program and determine how the program affected the participants' attitudes, pedagogical knowledge, and instructional practices. The PEPTYC program philosophy was based on the premise, supported by research, that professional development programs addressing specific teaching practices are more successful than generic programs. Furthermore, professional development is more effective in helping teachers use alternative approaches when teachers are engaged in active learning experiences rather than passively listening to lectures or presentations. The naturalistic study was based on surveys and semi-structured interviews with 14 individuals who participated in PEPTYC workshops, as well as presenters of the PEPTYC program. The interviews were analyzed to describe how the PEPTYC project influenced the participants long after they had completed their training. This project can inform the development of similar evaluation studies of other professional development programs.

Leif, Todd Robert

129

[First permanent molar caries: a case study of Moroccan children between 6 and 15 year-old].  

PubMed

It is a transverse descriptive study realized from clinical files of 100 Moroccan children aged between 6 and 15 year-old having consulted the Rabat Dental Hospital (U.T.H. Ibn Sina) in Morocco between January and December 2009. The criteria of inclusion are age, Moroccan origin, first four permanent molars having made their eruption and a complete clinical file. The criteria of exclusion are the non-eruption of a first permanent molar and an incomplete clinical file. The clinical parameters are: age, sex, tooth brushing, quality of alimentation and the condition of the first permanent molars (caries, extraction, filling). The results showed that 65% of the children between 6 and 15 years have at least a first decayed permanent molar. Eight per cent of the children have at least a filling material on the first permanent molar and 4% of the children have already extracted a first permanent molar. The caries touch both sexes, both right and left sectors and both superior and lower arches without statistically significant difference (p > 0.05). The presence of the caries increased, on the other hand, with the age (p < 0.05). The relation between presence of caries, tooth brushing and quality of alimentation is not significant (p < 0.05). These results are in accordance with numerous studies and show a particular cario-sensibility of the first permanent molar. PMID:23513507

Zouaidi, K; Chala, S; Ameziane, R; Chhoul, H

2012-12-01

130

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology of a 51 year-old man with epilepsy. Images and results from a neurological examination are provided in this case. The patientâ??s diagnosis is found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section, which also includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

131

Pathology Case Study: Fevers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. In this case, a 68-year-old male patient experiencing fevers, chills, an associated non-productive cough, and weight loss was admitted to the hospital for examination. The â??Gross Description,â?ť â??Microscopic Description,â?ť and â?? Microbiologyâ?ť sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientâ??s diagnosis. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment from the contributing doctors.

Kulich, Scott

132

The Swedish childhood diabetes study — results from a nine year case register and a one year case-referent study indicating that Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is associated with both Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and autoimmune disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  From July 1, 1977 to July 1, 1986, 3,503 incident cases of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus were registered in the Swedish childhood diabetes study. Using data from this register and from a case-referent study, including all incident Type 1 diabetic children in Sweden during one year and, for each patient, two referent children matched according to age, sex and

G. Dahlquist; L. Blom; T. Tuvemo; L. Nyström; A. Sandström; S. Wall

1989-01-01

133

Pathology Case Study: Epilepsy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 27-year-old female presents with a history of seizures. A detailed patient history along with gross and microscopic images of the patientâ??s brain are included in this case study. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

French, Jacqueline A.

134

Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 26-year-old woman has had a 13-year history of poorly controlled insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Visitors are given both the patient history and laboratory results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Anhalt, John P.

135

Case Study Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the history of case study teaching, types of cases, and experimental data supporting their effectiveness. It also describes a model for comparing the efficacy of the various case study methods. (Contains 1 figure.)

Herreid, Clyde Freeman

2011-01-01

136

The Impact of the Year-Round School Calendar on the Family Vacation: An Exploratory Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how the family vacation and the family vacation decision process have changed due to the implementation of year-round school in a Midwestern school system in the United States. A total of 96 families responded to a mail survey that dealt with the characteristics of the family vacation before and after the implementation of year-round school. The results

Margaret A. Peercy; Ken W. McCleary

2011-01-01

137

Generalizing from Case studies: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most empirical evaluations of machine learningalgorithms are case studies -- evaluationsof multiple algorithms on multiple databases.Authors of case studies implicitly or explicitlyhypothesize that the pattern of theirresults, which often suggests that one algorithmperforms significantly better thanothers, is not limited to the small numberof databases investigated, but instead holdsfor some general class of learning problems.However, these hypotheses are rarely supportedwith...

David W. Aha

1992-01-01

138

Pathology Case Study: Sepsis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a 74 year old man with a history of diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, inferior wall myocardial infarction, peripheral vascular disease, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia. He was admitted for a left femoral-popliteal bypass graft. The case study provides both gross and microscopic descriptions along with pertinent laboratory studies in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Callahan, Debra L.

139

Exceptions to the rules of oil-spill behavior: Case studies of major oil spills of the past twenty years  

SciTech Connect

Studies of major oil spills over the past 20 yr have allowed an evolution of our understanding of how to respond to and remediate the environmental impacts from such spills. There have been a number of spills for which follow-up research has provided major turning points that allowed the development of certain rules of oil-spill behavior. For example, the spill of over 100,000 tons of crude oil by the tanker Urquiola on the coast of Spain in May 1976 demonstrated the importance of hydrodynamic energy level in natural cleanup processes. Research on the spill of over 200,000 tons of crude oil along the coast of France by the tanker Amoco Cadiz in March 1978 allowed a better understanding of the long-term effects of spilled oil on exposed tidal flats and salt marshes. The oil spilled by the tanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in March 1989 impacted many miles of gravel beaches, which were treated by a number of methods, including some innovative berm-relocation techniques. A thorough understanding of the coastal geomorphology and processes of the spill site was essential for the development of meaningful contingency and response plans. Research on the impacts of intertidal habitats of the coast of Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War spill of 1991 indicates that some previously held concepts on oil behavior and fate on shorelines must be revised. One of the best established rules of oil-spill behavior was that the depth of oil penetration on sand beaches and tidal flats increases with increasing sediment grain size. However, no such correlation was found on the Saudi Arabian coast, primarily due to the presence of secondary porosity (e.g., bubble sand, extensive burrows, and gypsum crystals). The oil penetrated to depths of tens of centimeters, even in fine sand, which has significantly slowed natural removal processes and weathering rates. These sediments remained heavily oiled with incipient asphalt pavements forming two years after the spill.

Hayes, M.O. [Research Planning, Inc., Columbia, SC (United States)

1994-11-01

140

The Acquisition of Passive, Causative, and "te moraw" Constructions in Japanese: A Case Study on a Two-Year-Old.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of production and comprehension by one two-year-old girl of three Japanese constructions (passives, causatives, and "te moraw"), which have similar surface configurations "NP ga NP ni V ("rare"/ "sase"/ "te moraw") TENSE," is investigated through elicited imitations and responses to the investigator's questions about the content of…

Harada, Kazuko I.

141

Long-term robot therapy in a health service facility for the aged - A case study for 5 years -  

Microsoft Academic Search

A long-term experiment of robot therapy for elderly people has been conducted at a health service facility for the aged since Aug. 2003. Three therapeutic seal robots, Paro, were introduced there. This paper describes the results of the experiment for five year. We regularly visited the facility twice or once a month and observed their interaction with the robots. Moreover,

Kazuyoshi Wada; Takanori Shibata; Yukitaka Kawaguchi

2009-01-01

142

An Atypical Eating Disorder with Crohn's Disease in a Fifteen-Year-Old Male: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how 6 months after psychological intervention for an eating disorder, a 15-year-old male was diagnosed with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Addresses need for additional training for those from traditional school and counseling psychology programs. Advocates a team approach and consultations. (RJM)

Holaday, Margot; And Others

1994-01-01

143

The association between malaria parasitaemia, erythrocyte polymorphisms, malnutrition and anaemia in children less than 10 years in Senegal: a case control study  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria and anaemia (Haemoglobin <11 g/dl) remain frequent in tropical regions and are closely associated. Although anaemia aetiologies are known to be multi-factorial, most studies in malaria endemic areas have been confined to analysis of possible associations between anaemia and individual factors such as malaria. A case control study involving children aged from 1 to 10 years was conducted to assess some assumed contributors to anaemia in the area of Bonconto Health post in Senegal. Methods Study participants were randomly selected from a list of children who participated in a survey in December 2010. Children aged from 1 to 10 years with haemoglobin level below 11 g/dl represented cases (anaemic children). Control participants were eligible if of same age group and their haemoglobin level was >= 11 g/dl. For each participant, a physical examination was done and anthropometric data collected prior to a biological assessment which included: malaria parasitaemia infection, intestinal worm carriage, G6PD deficiency, sickle cell disorders, and alpha-talassaemia. Results Three hundred and fifty two children < 10 years of age were enrolled (176 case and 176 controls). In a logistic regression analysis, anaemia was significantly associated with malaria parasitaemia (aOR=5.23, 95%CI[1.1-28.48]), sickle cell disorders (aOR=2.89, 95%CI[1,32-6.34]), alpha-thalassemia (aOR=1.82, 95%CI[1.2-3.35]), stunting (aOR=3.37, 95%CI[1.93-5.88], age ranged from 2 to 4 years (aOR=0.13, 95%CI[0.05-0.31]) and age > 5 years (aOR=0.03, 95%CI[0.01-0.08]). Stratified by age group, anaemia was significantly associated with stunting in children less than 5 years (aOR=3.1 95%CI[1.4 – 6.8]), with, sickle cell disorders (aOR=3.5 95%CI [1.4 – 9.0]), alpha-thalassemia (or=2.4 95%CI[1.1–5.3]) and stunting (aOR=3.6 95%CI [1.6–8.2]) for children above 5 years. No association was found between G6PD deficiency, intestinal worm carriage and children’s gender. Conclusion Malaria parasitaemia, stunting and haemoglobin genetic disorders represented the major causes of anaemia among study participants. Anaemia control in this area could be achieved by developing integrated interventions targeting both malaria and malnutrition. PMID:23057857

2012-01-01

144

Case Study: Ellen's Choice  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)

2001-04-03

145

Case Study: Uretero What?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school, undergraduate and/or professional students in physiology and anatomy. In particular this case study explores reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Laura Lorentzen (Kean University Science and Technology Education)

2008-04-08

146

Case Study: Chemical Eric  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the pituitary and symptoms and diseases associated with pituitary tumors. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Eric Ribbens (Western Illinois University Biological Sciences)

2006-01-06

147

Case Study: Shark Attack  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the upper extremity. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Herbert House (Elon University Biology)

2002-05-24

148

Case Study: Missing Link  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in physical anthropology. In particular this case study explores skull anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Elizabeth Strasser (Sacramento State Anthropology)

2000-09-02

149

[Significant regression of a cavernous hepatic hemangioma to a sclerosed hemangioma over 12 years: a case study].  

PubMed

A sixties woman was found to have diagnosed by abdominal ultrasonography with a tumor in the left lobe of the liver and was referred to our institution in 1998. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a typical, 70×45 mm cavernous hemangioma, which was followed up by annual MRI. In 2006, 8 years after the initial diagnosis, the MRI showed that the tumor had reduced to 30×15 mm. Although atypical of hemangioma, review of the annual observations indicated a diagnosis of regressive hemangioma, which also accorded with clinical observations. In 2009, a liver biopsy was performed by laparotomy during gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Pathological examination of the biopsy revealed sclerosed hemangioma tissue, confirming the diagnosis of regression of a cavernous hemangioma to a sclerosed hemangioma over 12 years. PMID:21646763

Miyaki, Daisuke; Aikata, Hiroshi; Waki, Koji; Murakami, Eisuke; Hashimoto, Yoshimasa; Nagaoki, Yuko; Katamura, Yoshio; Kawaoka, Tomokazu; Takaki, Shintaro; Hiramatsu, Akira; Imamura, Michio; Takahashi, Shoichi; Ohya, Toshihide; Sakimoto, Hideto; Arihiro, Koji; Chayama, Kazuaki

2011-06-01

150

Following-up in strategic environmental assessment: a case study of 20-year forest management planning in Saskatchewan, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) has received considerable attention in recent years; however, the focus has been on the pre-decision stages of policies, plans and programs with much less attention to post-decision follow-up and monitoring. In those instances where SEA follow-up has been addressed, it has been done so much more from a conceptual than a practical perspective.

Maia Gachechiladze; Bram F. Noble; Brent W. Bitter

2009-01-01

151

Five-year study of implant placement in regenerated bone and rehabilitation with telescopic crown retained dentures: a case report.  

PubMed

Various implant-supported restorations have been used successfully for several decades to rehabilitate edentulous patients. Telescopic crowns are a common treatment modality used to connect dentures to natural teeth. Although previous findings indicate that telescopic crowns can be placed successfully on implants to support overdentures, only limited data are available on this treatment approach. Eight months after extraction of all nonsalvageable teeth and socket preservation, 11 implants were inserted into the mandible and maxillae of one patient. These implants were restored 4 months later using telescopic crown-supported dentures. Bleeding on probing (BOP), plaque index (PI), clinical attachment (PAL), and radiographic bone level were evaluated over 5 years. All implants remained in function over the 5-year evaluation period. Radiography showed stable bone levels for all implants. No changes in BOP or PI (range, 2%-4% for both parameters) were observed over this time. The PAL deteriorated by 1.5 mm during the first 3 years, with no subsequent changes. We conclude that telescopic crowns can be used successfully as attachments for overdentures supported by implants in regenerated bone. PMID:20017648

Zafiropoulos, Gregory-George; Hoffmann, Oliver

2009-01-01

152

Native American Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

The Evergreen State College

153

An Evaluation of Anabolic–Androgenic Steroid Abusers Over a Period of 1 Year: Seven Case Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to evaluate anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) abusing adults every 2 weeks with a comprehensive behavioral and clinical assessment battery. The study was conducted at the University of Pennsylvania Treatment Research Center; 10 subjects were enrolled and 7 completed the protocol. AASs and other drugs were obtained and self-administered by subjects through their usual mechanisms. On-study

Paul J. Fudala; Robert M. Weinrieb; Joseph S. Calarco; Kyle M. Kampman; Chris Boardman

2003-01-01

154

Geothermal Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

The US Geological Survey (USGS) resource assessment (Williams et al., 2009) outlined a mean 30GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal resource in the western US. One goal of the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is to accelerate the development of this undiscovered resource. The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) Blue Ribbon Panel (GTO, 2011) recommended that DOE focus efforts on helping industry identify hidden geothermal resources to increase geothermal capacity in the near term. Increased exploration activity will produce more prospects, more discoveries, and more readily developable resources. Detailed exploration case studies akin to those found in oil and gas (e.g. Beaumont, et al, 1990) will give operators a single point of information to gather clean, unbiased information on which to build geothermal drilling prospects. To support this effort, the National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) has been working with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a template for geothermal case studies on the Geothermal Gateway on OpenEI. In fiscal year 2013, the template was developed and tested with two case studies: Raft River Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Raft_River_Geothermal_Area) and Coso Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Coso_Geothermal_Area). In fiscal year 2014, ten additional case studies were completed, and additional features were added to the template to allow for more data and the direct citations of data. The template allows for: Data - a variety of data can be collected for each area, including power production information, well field information, geologic information, reservoir information, and geochemistry information. Narratives ? general (e.g. area overview, history and infrastructure), technical (e.g. exploration history, well field description, R&D activities) and geologic narratives (e.g. area geology, hydrothermal system, heat source, geochemistry.) Exploration Activity Catalog - catalog of exploration activities conducted in the area (with dates and references.) NEPA Analysis ? a query of NEPA analyses conducted in the area (that have been catalogued in the OpenEI NEPA database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

Young, Katherine

2014-09-30

155

Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

156

Pathology Case Study: Hemoptysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a pulmonary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55 year old female has spontaneously occurring hemoptysis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Holst, Valerie

157

Environmental Ethics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Physiological Society (APS) has created a wide range of teaching resources through its collaborative digital library over the past several years. This particular corner of the site brings together a number of environmental ethics case studies which cover everything from GMOS to the fluoridation of drinking water. Currently, the site contains a dozen different resources, including "Food Aid and Population Control," "Reviving Extinct Species," and "Progress vs. Family Tradition." Resources can be filtered by Grade/Age level or even Pedagogy. Additionally, users are encouraged to craft their own resources and submit them for possible inclusion.

158

[Low stage non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: cases studied in 15 years at the HC-FMUSP Children's Institute].  

PubMed

In the recent few years the treatment of the stages I and II of non-Hodgkin lymphomas with the simultaneous use of several drugs showed improvement of results. In the period between 1977 and 1992 three consecutive chemotherapy programs have been developed in the "Instituto da Criança-HC-FMUSP". Between 1977 and 1980 five patients belonging to stage II were treated according to the LSA 2 L-Protocol; complete remission was attained in all of them and three patients have been kept in remission so far. In 1980-1984 period a new regimen (Protocol-I-80) was instituted using the same remission induction strategy as before adding a consolidation with Cyclo and Adria combination and a continuation phase with 6-MP+MTX; five out of six patients have survived free of events till now. In the 1984-1992 period a new protocol was designed (VM-26+ARA-C) replacing Cyclo+Adria. Five patients were included and all of them are disease free survivors. PMID:8284585

Maluf Júnior, P; Assis, M T; Britto, J L; Cristofani, L; Odone Filho, V

1993-01-01

159

Preparing Pre-Service Teachers to Teach Mathematics in Inclusive Classrooms: A Three-Year Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal and state regulations mandating inclusion of students with disabilities in general education classes have made it essential to create pathways for pre-service teachers to develop skills to teach content to diverse groups of students. The study uses a framework suggested by the relationship between teacher attitude and teacher behavior…

Burton, Dolores; Pac, Darra

2009-01-01

160

Exceptions to the rules of oil-spill behavior: Case studies of major oil spills of the past twenty years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of major oil spills over the past 20 yr have allowed an evolution of our understanding of how to respond to and remediate the environmental impacts from such spills. There have been a number of spills for which follow-up research has provided major turning points that allowed the development of certain rules of oil-spill behavior. For example, the spill

Miles O. Hayes

1994-01-01

161

Tropical Rainforests: A Case Study of UK, 13-Year-Olds' Knowledge and Understanding of These Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tropical rainforests are biologically rich ecosystems, which are threatened by a variety of different human activities. This study focuses on students' knowledge and understanding of rainforest locations, their reasons for protecting these environments and their familiarity with selected concepts about rainforest vegetation and soil. These…

Dove, Jane

2012-01-01

162

Punnett Square Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students will gain experience using Punnett Squares. The case study determines the probability of children having freckles from a freckled father and non-freckled mother. Illustrations guide each step of the case study.

2012-06-04

163

Case Study: Football Fanaticism  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

2003-07-03

164

LITEE Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The LITEE team has developed case studies designed to enhance student learning through direct participation in the decision-making process and development of higher-level cognitive skills. Case studies increase student interest in the engineering field and improve retention in engineering programs. Case Studies include lessons incorporating several different types of business models and are available to view online for free.

165

Five year spinning study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The USDA-ARS Cotton Quality Research Station (CQRS) has complete a comprehensive study of the relationship of cotton fiber properties to the quality of ring spun yarn. Cottons in this study demonstrated fiber quality traits that allow them to operate at high speeds on the latest generation of ring ...

166

MC1R genotypes and risk of melanoma before age 40 years: a population-based case-control-family study  

PubMed Central

The contribution of melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene variants to the development of early-onset melanoma is unknown. Using an Australian population-based, case-control-family study, we sequenced MC1R for 565 cases with invasive cutaneous melanoma diagnosed between ages 18–39 years, 409 unrelated controls and 518 sibling controls. Variants were classified a priori into `R' variants (D84E, R142H, R151C, I155T, R160W, D294H) and `r' variants (all other nonsynonymous variants). We estimated odds ratios (OR) for melanoma using unconditional (unrelated controls) and conditional (sibling controls) logistic regression. The prevalence of having at least one R or r variant was 86% for cases, 73% for unrelated controls and 81% for sibling controls. R151C conferred the highest risk (per allele OR 2.57, 95% confidence interval 1.86–3.56 for the case-unrelated-control analysis and 1.70 (1.12–2.60) for the case-sibling-control analysis). When mutually adjusted, the ORs per R allele were 2.23 (1.77–2.80) and 2.06 (1.47–2.88), respectively from the two types of analysis, and the ORs per r allele were 1.69 (1.33–2.13) and 1.25 (0.88–1.79), respectively. The associations were stronger for men and those with none or few nevi or with high childhood sun exposure. Adjustment for phenotype, nevi and sun exposure attenuated the overall log OR for R variants by approximately 18%, but had lesser influence on r variant risk estimates. MC1R variants explained about 21% of the familial aggregation of melanoma. Some MC1R variants are important determinants of early-onset melanoma. The strength of association with melanoma differs according to the type and number of variants. PMID:22095472

Cust, Anne E; Goumas, Chris; Holland, Elizabeth A; Agha-Hamilton, Chantelle; Aitken, Joanne F; Armstrong, Bruce K; Giles, Graham G; Kefford, Richard F; Schmid, Helen; Hopper, John L; Mann, Graham J; Jenkins, Mark A

2011-01-01

167

A Ten Year Retrospective Study on Adult Tetanus at the Epidemic Disease (ED) Hospital, Mysore in Southern India: A Review of 512 Cases  

PubMed Central

Background Tetanus still remains a major public health problem in India like in most other developing countries, with a high morbidity and mortality. Objectives To study the socio-demographic profile and the clinical profile that they presented with, as well as the outcome of the tetanus patients who were admitted to the E.D Hospital, Mysore in India. Methodology The data of all the patients of tetanus who were above the age of 15 years, who were admitted from January 2001 to December 2010, were collected, compiled and analyzed from the Medical Records Department of the Hospital. Results Out of the 512 cases of tetanus, 379 (74%) were males and 133 (26%) were females. Their ages varied from 15 to 81 years, with a mean and a standard deviation respectively of 47.7 and 15.0 years. The overall mortality rate was 42.2%. The most common presenting symptoms were trismus (95.7%), neck stiffness (89.3%), body spasms/stiffness (73%) and dysphagia (38.9%). The ages of the patients and the presence of complications had a statistically significant relationship with respect to the outcome (survival versus death). PMID:23205351

Marulappa, Vamadeva Giriyapura; Manjunath, Renuka; Mahesh Babu, Nakul; Maligegowda, Laxman

2012-01-01

168

The case study approach.  

PubMed

The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of case study design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. The paper concludes with key pointers to aid those designing and appraising proposals for conducting case study research, and a checklist to help readers assess the quality of case study reports. PMID:21707982

Crowe, Sarah; Cresswell, Kathrin; Robertson, Ann; Huby, Guro; Avery, Anthony; Sheikh, Aziz

2011-01-01

169

Pathology Case Study: Lymphocytosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 72-year-old white male who presented to an outside facility with chest pain of 24 hours duration." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, including images. They are also given flow cytometry and cytogenic data as well as molecular genetics, with images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Contis, Lydia C.

170

Materials Failure Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers innovative course materials for teaching engineering design and analysis through failure case studies, supporting the integration of research in forensic engineering into undergraduate education. The site includes an introduction to the overall project and a bibliography as well as typical civil engineering and engineering mechanics courses, with over 50 case studies currently listed. This web site is a companion to the book Beyond Failure: Forensic Case Studies for Civil Engineers, Delatte, Norbert J., ASCE Press. The site is a living document that will supplement the book with web links, additional information, and supplemental illustrations. At this time, not all of the cases have been filled in yet.

Delatte, Norbert J., Jr.

2008-12-12

171

Work Sharing Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide private sector employers with the practical information necessary to select and then to design and implement work sharing arrangements, this book presents case studies of some 36 work sharing programs. Topics covered in the case studies include the circumstances leading to adoption of the program, details of compensation and…

McCarthy, Maureen E.; And Others

172

Enhanced physical health screening for people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong: results from a one-year prospective case series study  

PubMed Central

Background People with severe mental illness have significantly poorer physical health compared to the general population; previous health screening studies conducted outside Asian countries have demonstrated the potential in addressing this issue. This case series aimed to explore the effects and utility of integrating an enhanced physical health screening programme for community dwelling patients with severe mental illness into routine clinical practice in Hong Kong. Method This study utilises a consecutive prospective case series design. The serious mental illness Health Improvement Profile (HIP) was used as a screening tool at baseline and repeated at 12 months follow-up. Results A total of 148 community-based patients with severe mental illness completed the study. At one year follow-up analysis showed a significant improvement in self-reported levels of exercise and a reduction in the numbers of patients prescribed medications for diabetes However, mean waist circumference increased at follow-up. In addition to the statistically significant results some general trends were observed, including: a lack of deterioration in most areas of cardiovascular risk; a reduction in medicines prescribed for physical health problems; and general improvements in health behaviours over the 12 month period. Conclusions The findings demonstrate that using the HIP is feasible and acceptable in Hong Kong. The results of the enhanced physical health-screening programme are promising, but require further testing using a randomised controlled trial design in order to more confidently attribute the improvements in well-being and health behaviours to the HIP. Trial registration Clinical trial registration number: ISRCTN12582470 PMID:24576042

2014-01-01

173

Case Study: Case of the Crying Baby  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate, graduate and professional students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the renal anatomy and physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Kari Mergenhagen (James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Infectious Disease)

2003-09-15

174

Case Study: A Case of a Pheochromocytoma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores endocrinology mechanisms. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2004-10-29

175

Case Study: Trigger Cases Versus Capstone Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Is it better to use a case at the beginning of a topic or at the end? To answer this, we need to examine both trigger and capstone cases in terms of their goals. The answer is not so inscrutable--it clearly depends upon your goal. Both trigger and capstone cases have their place, but the author would contend that if you wish to really engage a student in a subject, one can hardly do better than to start with an interesting, current, and controversial topic. And even if you sneak in a bunch of scientific lingo that initially doesn't make sense, a trigger case can surely prompt a student to want to learn more about the topic. And that is one heck of a great way to begin a day.

Clyde Freeman Herreid

2008-12-01

176

Pathology Case Study: Hydrocephalus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

177

Pathology Case Study: Postmenopausal Bleeding  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gynecologic pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientâ??s history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Chen, Lei

178

MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The case studies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...

179

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

180

A randomized trial comparing telemedicine case management with usual care in older, ethnically diverse, medically underserved patients with diabetes mellitus: 5 year results of the IDEATel study.  

PubMed

CONTEXT Telemedicine is a promising but largely unproven technology for providing case management services to patients with chronic conditions and lower access to care. OBJECTIVES To examine the effectiveness of a telemedicine intervention to achieve clinical management goals in older, ethnically diverse, medically underserved patients with diabetes. DESIGN, Setting, and Patients A randomized controlled trial was conducted, comparing telemedicine case management to usual care, with blinded outcome evaluation, in 1,665 Medicare recipients with diabetes, aged >/= 55 years, residing in federally designated medically underserved areas of New York State. Interventions Home telemedicine unit with nurse case management versus usual care. Main Outcome Measures The primary endpoints assessed over 5 years of follow-up were hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c), low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and blood pressure levels. RESULTS Intention-to-treat mixed models showed that telemedicine achieved net overall reductions over five years of follow-up in the primary endpoints (HgbA1c, p = 0.001; LDL, p < 0.001; systolic and diastolic blood pressure, p = 0.024; p < 0.001). Estimated differences (95% CI) in year 5 were 0.29 (0.12, 0.46)% for HgbA1c, 3.84 (-0.08, 7.77) mg/dL for LDL cholesterol, and 4.32 (1.93, 6.72) mm Hg for systolic and 2.64 (1.53, 3.74) mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure. There were 176 deaths in the intervention group and 169 in the usual care group (hazard ratio 1.01 [0.82, 1.24]). CONCLUSIONS Telemedicine case management resulted in net improvements in HgbA1c, LDL-cholesterol and blood pressure levels over 5 years in medically underserved Medicare beneficiaries. Mortality was not different between the groups, although power was limited. Trial Registration http://clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00271739. PMID:19390093

Shea, Steven; Weinstock, Ruth S; Teresi, Jeanne A; Palmas, Walter; Starren, Justin; Cimino, James J; Lai, Albert M; Field, Lesley; Morin, Philip C; Goland, Robin; Izquierdo, Roberto E; Ebner, Susana; Silver, Stephanie; Petkova, Eva; Kong, Jian; Eimicke, Joseph P

2009-01-01

181

A Randomized Trial Comparing Telemedicine Case Management with Usual Care in Older, Ethnically Diverse, Medically Underserved Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: 5 Year Results of the IDEATel Study  

PubMed Central

Context Telemedicine is a promising but largely unproven technology for providing case management services to patients with chronic conditions and lower access to care. Objectives To examine the effectiveness of a telemedicine intervention to achieve clinical management goals in older, ethnically diverse, medically underserved patients with diabetes. Design, Setting, and Patients A randomized controlled trial was conducted, comparing telemedicine case management to usual care, with blinded outcome evaluation, in 1,665 Medicare recipients with diabetes, aged ? 55 years, residing in federally designated medically underserved areas of New York State. Interventions Home telemedicine unit with nurse case management versus usual care. Main Outcome Measures The primary endpoints assessed over 5 years of follow-up were hemoglobin A1c (HgbA1c), low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and blood pressure levels. Results Intention-to-treat mixed models showed that telemedicine achieved net overall reductions over five years of follow-up in the primary endpoints (HgbA1c, p = 0.001; LDL, p < 0.001; systolic and diastolic blood pressure, p = 0.024; p < 0.001). Estimated differences (95% CI) in year 5 were 0.29 (0.12, 0.46)% for HgbA1c, 3.84 (?0.08, 7.77) mg/dL for LDL cholesterol, and 4.32 (1.93, 6.72) mm Hg for systolic and 2.64 (1.53, 3.74) mm Hg for diastolic blood pressure. There were 176 deaths in the intervention group and 169 in the usual care group (hazard ratio 1.01 [0.82, 1.24]). Conclusions Telemedicine case management resulted in net improvements in HgbA1c, LDL-cholesterol and blood pressure levels over 5 years in medically underserved Medicare beneficiaries. Mortality was not different between the groups, although power was limited. Trial Registration http://clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00271739. PMID:19390093

Shea, Steven; Weinstock, Ruth S.; Teresi, Jeanne A.; Palmas, Walter; Starren, Justin; Cimino, James J.; Lai, Albert M.; Field, Lesley; Morin, Philip C.; Goland, Robin; Izquierdo, Roberto E.; Ebner, Susana; Silver, Stephanie; Petkova, Eva; Kong, Jian; Eimicke, Joseph P.

2009-01-01

182

Restructuring Hong Kong Higher Education: A Case Study of Lingnan University and Its Preparation for the New Four-Year Track in 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its quest for boosting Hong Kong's world-class standing in higher education, the Hong Kong Education and Manpower Bureau implemented the 3+3+4 reform, which represents a major overhaul of higher education curriculum; the addition of one year of studies to create a four-year undergraduate degree track is set to replace its three-year track…

Chong, Sabrina H.

2012-01-01

183

Case Study: Filthy Lucre  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The website presents a case study involving the detection of cocaine on dollar bills. The lesson is intended for use in upper level high school classes or lower level undergraduate education. Students are introduced to concepts in experimental design, sampling, the interpretation of scientific data, and the reliability of results as they design an experiment to determine what percentage of paper currency is contaminated with cocaine. The case includes lab work involving the use of GC/MS techniques and instrumentation. The case was designed for a chemistry course for non-science majors.

Acheson, Ed

184

Goiania incident case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The reasons for wanting to document this case study and present the findings are simple. According to USDOE technical risk assessments (and our own initial work on the Hanford socioeconomic study), the likelihood of a major accident involving exposure to radioactive materials in the process of site characterization, construction, operation, and closure of a high-level waste repository is extremely remote.

Petterson

1988-01-01

185

Distance Learning Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Office of Technology Assessment authorized a series of case studies in 1989 to investigate how technologies, services, and programs are implemented in distance education projects. The studies were also intended to look at the role of local, state, and federal agencies, and other public and private entities in providing educational services to…

Barker, Bruce O.

186

Case Studies in Financial Accounting Software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case studies from Harvard Business Review have been used by MBA students for years. For teaching and research in International Management, Thunderbird University is the known leader. Cranfield University in UK, in conjunction with Babson College, published much work on case studies. Most of the case studies were on management and marketing. Very few of them paid attention to Accounting,

Donald K. Hsu

2007-01-01

187

How International Field Experiences Promote Cross-Cultural Awareness in Preservice Teachers through Experiential Learning: Findings from a Six-Year Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: The article examines how international field experiences promote cross-cultural awareness in U.S. American preservice teachers through experiential learning. The findings presented here are based on a 6-year study of a short-term study abroad program in Honduras that included an international field experience component and took…

Malewski, Erik; Sharma, Suniti; Phillion, JoAnn

2012-01-01

188

A case study of a five-year-old child with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified using sound-based interventions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine the effi cacy of The Listening Program (TLP) in treating a child with pervasive developmental disorder-not other- wise specifi ed (PDD-NOS). Using a single-subject case study design, one child with PDD-NOS was administered a 20-week TLP intervention focused on improving sensory processing and language function. Data collection included pre- and post- evaluations

Amy J Nwora; Bryan M Gee

2009-01-01

189

Case-control study of hospital admission with asthma in children aged 5–14 years: relation with road traffic in north west London  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUNDEvidence for an association between road traffic pollution and asthma is inconclusive. We report a case-control study of hospital admissions for asthma and respiratory illness among children aged 5–14 in relation to proxy markers of traffic related pollution.METHODSThe study was based on routine hospital admissions data in 1992\\/3 and 1993\\/4 for North Thames (West) health region within the M25 motorway.

P Wilkinson; P Elliott; C Grundy; G Shaddick; B Thakrar; P Walls; S Falconer

1999-01-01

190

Case Studies Volunteering  

E-print Network

E, Bishops Estate Project 6 Greenwork Mates, Drumchapel 8 Dunnottar Woodland Park 10 Garden Wood and their locality so creating stronger and safer communities. These case studies show excellent examples of all these benefits of volunteering, which is precisely why Forestry Commission Scotland works to provide

191

Case study: Measuring audience  

E-print Network

be regarded as an accurate measure of whether a particular message is reaching its intended target market metres of the billboard and the software analyses their response. Called TABANAR (Targeted AdvertisingCase study: Measuring audience response to advertising The imagination driving Australia's ICT

Heiser, Gernot

192

Case Study: Lotto Numbers  

E-print Network

Case Study: Lotto Numbers The problem is to write a program that checks if all the input numbers cover 1 to 99. Each ticket for the Pick-10 lotto has 10 unique numbersCovered[98] is set to true (see Figure 6.2e). Figure 6.2 If number i appears in a Lotto ticket, isCovered[i-1

Liang, Y. Daniel

193

Can programme theory be used as a 'translational tool’ to optimise health service delivery in a national early years’ initiative in Scotland: a case study  

PubMed Central

Background Theory-based evaluation (TBE) approaches are heralded as supporting formative evaluation by facilitating increased use of evaluative findings to guide programme improvement. It is essential that learning from programme implementation is better used to improve delivery and to inform other initiatives, if interventions are to be as effective as they have the potential to be. Nonetheless, few studies describe formative feedback methods, or report direct instrumental use of findings resulting from TBE. This paper uses the case of Scotland’s, National Health Service, early years’, oral health improvement initiative (Childsmile) to describe the use of TBE as a framework for providing feedback on delivery to programme staff and to assess its impact on programmatic action. Methods In-depth, semi-structured interviews and focus groups with key stakeholders explored perceived deviations between the Childsmile programme 'as delivered’ and its Programme Theory (PT). The data was thematically analysed using constant comparative methods. Findings were shared with key programme stakeholders and discussions around likely impact and necessary actions were facilitated by the authors. Documentary review and ongoing observations of programme meetings were undertaken to assess the extent to which learning was acted upon. Results On the whole, the activities documented in Childsmile’s PT were implemented as intended. This paper purposefully focuses on those activities where variation in delivery was evident. Differences resulted from the stage of roll-out reached and the flexibility given to individual NHS boards to tailor local implementation. Some adaptations were thought to have diverged from the central features of Childsmile’s PT, to the extent that there was a risk to achieving outcomes. The methods employed prompted national service improvement action, and proposals for local action by individual NHS boards to address this. Conclusions The TBE approach provided a platform, to direct attention to areas of risk within a national health initiative, and to agree which intervention components were 'core’ to its hypothesised success. The study demonstrates that PT can be used as a 'translational tool’ to facilitate instrumental use of evaluative findings to optimise implementation within a complex health improvement programme. PMID:24139309

2013-01-01

194

Pathology Case Study: Petechiae  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

Lopez-Plaza, Iliana

195

Flash Flood Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module takes the learner through seven case studies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.

2014-09-14

196

Second Language Acquisition at the Early Childhood Level: A 5-Year Longitudinal Case Study of Pre-Kindergarten through First-Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 5-year longitudinal study investigated the English language acquisition and development of students in pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1 at a U.S.-accredited international school. Of the 1,509 students tested, the overwhelming majority were nonnative English speakers. The data provide valuable insight into the rate of second language…

Billak, Bonnie

2013-01-01

197

Learning about Environmental Issues in Engineering Programmes: A Case Study of First-Year Civil Engineering Students' Contextualisation of an Ecology Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how first-year civil engineering students interpreted the content and structure of an ecology course. Students' learning processes were analysed from an intentional perspective, i.e. a perspective that takes into account the students' educational aims and conceptions of the study situation. Interviews were carried out with six civil…

Lundholm, Cecilia

2004-01-01

198

Academic Failure of First-Year Engineering and Technological Students in India and Assessment of Motivation Factors--A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has been conducted to show that there is a recent trend in engineering colleges in India that students who are considered to be highly intelligent show poor academic performance during their 1st year. This article is proposed to examine the role of motivation factors such as teaching methods and learning material in the academic…

Cheruvalath, Reena

2012-01-01

199

Pathology Case Study: Cystic Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This cytogenetics case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 21-year-old male presented with a mass in his right thigh. Prior to this, the patient was healthy and had no major health concerns. The tumor was removed and the attending doctor ordered a cytogenetic analysis of the specimen. The results from that analysis along with microscopic images and electron photomicrographs of the tumor are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Dunn, Jean

200

Coastal Management case study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To prepare for the case study, lecture material on coastal landforms and processes is presented. Particular attention is paid to barrier islands, such as the Outer Banks. During the lecture, typical coastal engineering structures, such as groins, breakwaters, and jetties, are introduced. The case study is introduced with a brief overview of North Carolina's coastal management laws, Figure Eight Island's geography, and the current controversy over whether to build a terminal groin. Students are then broken down into small groups and presented with two opposing editorials. The groups are instructed to try to come to consensus as to whether the terminal groin should be allowed or disallowed or to suggest a third alternative. After approximately 25 minutes, each group informally reports out to the rest of the class.

Anne Jefferson

201

Pathology Case Study: Visual Disturbances  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 49 year old woman has visual disturbances. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

202

CHARGE Syndrome-a five case study of the syndrome characteristics and health care consumption during the first year in life.  

PubMed

CHARGE syndrome is characterized by impaired vision and hearing, as well as physical malformations. The aim of this study is to describe the characteristics of the malformations and the health care consumption during the first year, in a Swedish sample having CHARGE syndrome. Three of the five individuals fulfilled all the traditional criteria for a clinical diagnosis of CHARGE syndrome. All infants were hospitalized from 26 to 230 days, subjected to 10-34 different diagnostic procedures and prescribed 10-28 different medications during their first year. Coordinated and individually adapted care is urged, as these infants and their families are in of need multiple health care contacts. PMID:25308400

Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta

2015-01-01

203

Pathology Case Study: Intrasellar Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 59-year-old woman with a three-year history of headache and fatigue is determined to have an intrasellar non contrast-enhancing lesion. Visitors are given the clinical history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Deckert, Martina

204

A 3-year follow-up study of all-ceramic single and multiple crowns performed in a private practice: a prospective case series  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Zirconia-based prostheses are commonly used for aesthetic crown and fixed restorations, although follow-up data are limited, especially for implant-supported crowns. The aim of this study was to evaluate the three-year clinical results of the installation of 463 zirconia core crowns by a general dental private practice. METHODS: This study followed 142 patients (69 men and 73 women; aged 28-82 years) who had received 248 single crowns (202 tooth-supported, 36 implant-supported) and 225 multiple units of up to six elements (81 tooth-supported, 144 implant-supported). Clinical events, including fracture and loss of retention, secondary caries, and marginal integrity, were recorded. The overall failure rate was computed for the fractured and lost prostheses. Aesthetic, functional, and biological properties were rated, and patient satisfaction was investigated. RESULTS: During the three-year follow-up period, four patients were lost from the study (18 crowns, 4% of the total crowns). Three of the zirconia prostheses suffered fractures in more than three units (11 crowns; one- vs. three-year follow-up, p<0.05, Wilcoxon signed-rank test), and the cumulative prosthesis survival rate was 98.2%. Twelve units lost retention and were re-cemented, and no secondary caries of the abutment teeth were reported. The aesthetic, functional, and biological properties were generally well-rated, and there were no differences between tooth- and implant-supported crowns. The lowest scores were given regarding the anatomical form of the crowns, as some minor chipping was reported. Relatively low scores were also given for the periodontal response and the adjacent mucosa. Overall, patient satisfaction was high. CONCLUSIONS: At the three-year follow-up, the zirconia-core crowns appeared to be an effective clinical solution as they had favorable aesthetic and functional properties. Only the marginal fit of the prostheses should be improved upon. PMID:22189731

Tartaglia, Gianluca M.; Sidoti, Ernesto; Sforza, Chiarella

2011-01-01

205

Atypical lipomatous tumor, its variants, and its combined forms: a study of 61 cases, with a minimum follow-up of 10 years.  

PubMed

Sixty-one cases of neoplasms composed wholly or in part of atypical lipomatous tumor were reviewed. Minimum follow-up was 10 years. The cases were divided into 4 groups based on the findings in the initial excision specimen: conventional atypical lipomatous tumor (n=15), cellular atypical lipomatous tumor (n=21), dedifferentiated liposarcoma (n=24), and atypical lipomatous tumor with a pleomorphic liposarcoma-like component (n=1). The term "cellular atypical lipomatous tumor" was applied to atypical lipomatous tumors having areas of increased cellularity that when non-lipogenic lacked the 5 mitotic figures per 10 high-power fields (maximal rate) required for a dedifferentiated component and when lipogenic fell short of being truly pleomorphic liposarcoma-like. Myxoid regions within this spectrum sometimes had prominent or even plexiform vascularity, creating a resemblance to myxoid liposarcoma especially when interspersed small fat cells were present. The most important prognostic factor was tumor location, as none of the 12 patients with a subcutaneous or intramuscular neoplasm died of tumor. Among the 49 patients with neoplasms of central body sites (mostly retroperitoneum), those with dedifferentiated liposarcoma had significantly shorter survival (median 77 mo) than those with cellular (median 142 mo) or conventional (median 209 mo) atypical lipomatous tumor, whereas there was no statistically significant difference between the latter 2 categories. Patients with atypical lipomatous tumor (either cellular or conventional) in central body sites had significantly shorter survival if the tumor transformed into dedifferentiated liposarcoma in recurrence, and, conversely, those with central body site dedifferentiated liposarcoma had significantly longer survival if it recurred as atypical lipomatous tumor. Metastasis (7 cases) occurred only when the initial specimen or a recurrence demonstrated dedifferentiated liposarcoma. PMID:17197914

Evans, Harry L

2007-01-01

206

UCLA Statistics Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of case studies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.

Draper, David

207

Case Studies in Wilderness Medicine, the Sequel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five case studies illustrate evacuation decision making in a wilderness setting. The cases describe medical problems encountered during wilderness trips: (1) a hiker suffering from hypothermia; (2) a 49-year-old man with chest pains; (3) a 19-year-old woman with abdominal pain; (4) a young woman in anaphylactic shock; and (5) a teenager hit on the…

Tarter, Shana Lee; Gray, Melissa

208

Pathology Case Study: Lumbosacral Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a boy aged 2 years presented with a swelling beneath the skin of the lower back, incontinence, bilateral leg weakness and a history of bilateral hip dislocation at birth. The case study provides imaging studies and histopathology in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Ellison, David W.

209

Pathology Case Study: Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 24-day-old baby is failing to thrive and experiencing seizures. Visitors are given the microscopic description, with images, the results of the postmortem examination, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Dickman, Paul S.

210

Conducting and Reporting Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues and elements of case study research are explored and illustrated with the example of a case study of a kindergarten in a suburb of Tokyo (Japan). Case study research is a type of qualitative research that concentrates on a single unit or entity, with boundaries established by the researcher. The case is an example drawn from a larger class,…

Lichtman, Merilyn; Taylor, Satomi Izumi

211

Management of snakebite cases by national treatment protocol at Jalpaiguri District Hospital in West Bengal in the year 2010--a retrospective study.  

PubMed

Snakebite remains a public health problem in India, occurring most frequently in the summer and rainy seasons. Bites are maximal in lower limbs. Victims are typically male and between 17 and 27 years of age. Children and the elderly have higher mortality. The worst affected states are Kerala, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Assam and West Bengal. There was no uniform guideline for treatment of snakebite cases. The five common venomous Indian snakes biting humans are common cobra, krait, Russell's viper, saw scaled viper and the hump nose pit viper. Seventy per cent of all snakebites are non-venomous. Even in bites by venomous snakes, envenomation occurs in only 50% of cases. Immobilisation is much more important than tight ligature, which may cause gangrene. Only a minority need antivenom, which is expensive, short in supply and may cause severe reaction. Antivenom treatment is recommended on the basis of local and systemic signs and symptoms and 20 minutes whole blood clotting test (20WBCT). Delay in starting AVS treatment is the main cause of mortality and morbidity. Skin test is of no value. But antivenom should not be used unless specifically indicated. The "Do it RIGHT" approach of national treatment protocol indicates the initial steps to be taken before reaching a hospital or primary healthcare facility. And it resulted in a 66% decline in the amount of ASV administration and an absolute reduction of mortality by 24%. However first aid treatment of the bitten limb/area with broad-spectrum antibiotics, injection tetanus antitoxin and Supportive treatment with blood transfusion, ventilatory support, anticholinesterase and peritoneal dialysis may also be required. PMID:22315862

Ghosh, Manab Kumar

2011-08-01

212

Case management in oncology rehabilitation (CAMON): The effect of case management on the quality of life in patients with cancer after one year of ambulant rehabilitation. A study protocol for a randomized controlled clinical trial in oncology rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Cancer diseases and their therapies have negative effects on the quality of life. The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness\\u000a of case management in a sample of oncological outpatients with the intent of rehabilitation after cancer treatment. Case management\\u000a wants to support the complex information needs of the patients in addition to the segmented structure of the

Irene Bachmann-Mettler; Claudia Steurer-Stey; Oliver Senn; Mathyas Wang; Katarina Bardheci; Thomas Rosemann

2011-01-01

213

A case study of a five-year-old child with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified using sound-based interventions.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of The Listening Program (TLP) in treating a child with pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). Using a single-subject case study design, one child with PDD-NOS was administered a 20-week TLP intervention focused on improving sensory processing and language function. Data collection included pre- and post-evaluations using video footage, and Sensory Profile and Listening Checklist questionnaires. Results of the study indicated improved behaviour and sensory tolerance in the post-intervention video footage, including active participation in singing and movements to song. Sensory Profile and Listening Checklist questionnaires indicated significant improvements in sensory processing, receptive/expressive listening and language, motor skills, and behavioural/social adjustment at the post-intervention assessment. Although small in scope, this study highlights the need for continued research by occupational therapists into sound-based interventions. Particularly, occupational therapists need to perform larger-scale studies utilizing TLP to verify the efficacy of this alternative treatment method. PMID:19222056

Nwora, Amy J; Gee, Bryan M

2009-01-01

214

Physical activity completed when young has residual bone benefits at 94 years of age: a within-subject controlled case study  

PubMed Central

Physical activity is recommended for skeletal health because bones adapt to mechanical loading. The young skeleton shows greatest plasticity to physical activity-related mechanical loads, but bones are most at risk of failure later in life. The discrepancy raises the question of whether the skeletal benefits of physical activity completed when young persist with aging. Here we present a unique case wherein the cortical bone benefit of physical activity completed over five decades earlier could be established within an individual aged in their tenth decade of life. Specifically, we compared bone properties at the midshaft humerus between the throwing and nonthrowing arms of a 94-year-old former Major League Baseball player who ceased throwing 55 years earlier. By performing analyses within-subject, the long-term skeletal benefit of physical activity completed when young could be assessed independent of inherited and systemic traits. Also, as the subject threw left-handed during his throwing career, but was right-hand dominant in all other activities throughout life, any lasting skeletal benefits in favor of the throwing arm could not be attributable to simple arm dominance. Analyses indicated that any cortical bone mass, area and thickness benefits of throwing-related physical activity completed when young were lost with aging, possibly due to accelerated intracortical remodeling. In contrast, the subject’s throwing (nondominant) arm had greater total cross-sectional area and estimated strength (polar moment of inertia) than in his dominant arm, despite muscle indices favoring the latter. These data indicate that physical activity completed when young can have lasting benefits on bone size and strength, independent of the maintenance of bone mass benefits. PMID:24879028

Warden, Stuart J.; Mantila Roosa, Sara M.

2014-01-01

215

Case Study: A Typical Cold?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with cell physiology and tissue anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Brent JF Hill (University of Central Arkansas Biology)

2005-02-02

216

Case Study: Ice Hockey Injury  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

2004-04-19

217

[Prognostic value of lympho node micrometastases detected by immunohistochemistry. Study of 168 cases of breast cancer with a 10-year follow-up].  

PubMed

The authors reported a retrospective pathological study of 168 patients classified PT2N- treated by Patey mastectomy completed by axillary and internal mammary lymph node removal. The size of micrometastases ranged from 0.012 to 0.87 millimeters. All 2800 lymph nodes were examined, using successively HPS and IHC procedures. Detection of micrometastases has been improved by immunohistochemical staining on paraffin embedded sections using anticytokeratin MAb clone antiKL1. The 168 patients were divided into two groups. The first one included 31 patients IHC+ out of 168 (18.5%); there were 47 micrometastatic nodes with negatives nodes out of 2800 (1,67%). The second group included 137 patients (81.5%) out of 168 with negative nodes. If we consider the PT2N-clinical status, it appears a percentage of 16 to 20% of patients developing recurrence within ten years after surgical treatment. There was no significant difference concerning the disease--free survival at ten years. Variability in metastatic node involvement spread led us to distinguish 3 subgroups of uneven prognostic value. The relative risk of relapse ranged from 1 (ICH + 1) to 1.94 (ICH + 2 and 3) merged. Do PT2N- group with recurrence and ICH + group concern the same patients? We cannot statistically prove that micrometastatic nodes are a bad prognostic factor by further studies which are required. PMID:1804151

Noel, P; Chauvin, F; Michot, J P; Catimel, G; Hesch, M; Groleas, M

1991-01-01

218

The role of gestures in making connections between space and shape aspects and their verbal representations in the early years: findings from a case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent educational research, it is well acknowledged that gestures are an important source of developing abstract thinking in early childhood and can serve as an additional window to the mind of the developing child. The present paper reports on a case study which explores the function of gestures in a geometrical activity at kindergarten level. In the study, the spontaneous gestures of the child are investigated, as well as the influence of the teacher's gestures on the child's gestures. In the first part of the activity, the child under study transforms a spatial array of blocks she has constructed by herself into a verbal description, so that another person, i.e., the teacher, who cannot see what the child has built, makes the same construction. Next, the teacher builds a new construction and describes it so that the child can build it. Hereafter, it is again the turn of the child to build another construction and describe it to the teacher. The child was found to spontaneously use iconic and deictic gestures throughout the whole activity. These gestures, and primarily the iconic ones, helped her make apparent different space and shape aspects of the constructions. Along with her speech, gestures acted as semiotic means of objectification to successfully accomplish the task. The teacher's gestures were found to influence the child's gestures when describing aspects of shapes and spatial relationships between shapes. This influence results in either mimicking or extending the teacher's gestures. These findings are discussed and implications for further research are drawn.

Elia, Iliada; Gagatsis, Athanasios; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja

2014-12-01

219

PREDICT : A CASE STUDY.  

SciTech Connect

Delphi Automotive Systems and the Los Alamos National Laboratory worked together to develop PREDICT, a new methodology to characterize the reliability of a new product during its development program. Rather than conducting testing after hardware has been built, and developing statistical confidence bands around the results, this updating approach starts with an early reliability estimate characterized by large uncertainty, and then proceeds to reduce the uncertainty by folding in fresh information in a Bayesian framework. A considerable amount of knowledge is available at the beginning of a program in the form of expert judgment which helps to provide the initial estimate. This estimate is then continually updated as substantial and varied information becomes available during the course of the development program. This paper presents a case study of the application of PREDICT, with the objective of further describing the methodology. PREDICT has been honored with an R&D 100 Award presented by R&D Magazine.

Kerscher, W. J. (William J.) III; Booker, J. M. (Jane M.); Meyer, Mary A.

2001-01-01

220

Case Study: The Business End of Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article takes a retrospective look at how the folks in business schools look at the case method. The legacy of cases in business may seem short in the eyes of some but it is positively ancient when compared to the use of the case study in the sciences, which began to take hold in the 1990s. Surprisingly, in spite of its impeccable academic pedigree, there seems to be little literature on the success of the method; virtually no assessment data in business, law, or public policy teaching seems to exist.

Clyde Freeman Herreid

2005-11-01

221

Pathology Case Study: Intraventricular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 22-year-old previously healthy woman was admitted to the hospital following a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Visitors are given admission data, CT scan images as well as microscopic description and images in order to provide the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

222

Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Ejadi, Samuel

223

Pathology Case Study: Liver Transplant  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 34-year-old is experiencing complications following a liver transplant. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

224

Pathology Case Study: Maculopapular Rash  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman with a history of morbid obesity and gastric bypass surgery complains of fatigue, sore throat, and rash. Visitors are given the physical examination results and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Flynn, Kevin J.

225

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 65-year-old man is complaining of abdominal pain. Visitors are given the radiology, gross and microscopic descriptions, flow cytometry, and molecular diagnostics, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

LaTulippe, Steven

226

Pathology Case Study: Back Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 62-year-old woman who presented with two months of back pain. Visitors are given patient history, laboratory findings, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Lu, Zhengbin

227

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man has abdominal pain, anorexia, and weight loss but no significant past medical history. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.

Nine, Jeff S.

228

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 65-year-old woman with systemic rheumatoid arthritis has developed renal insufficiency. Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, electron microscopy exam results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

229

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 74-year-old man has been referred to the hospital for renal insufficiency complicating scleroderma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

230

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Hypertension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a clinical chemistry case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old female has longstanding hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Visitors are given catheterization procedure data and retroperitoneal ultrasound findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

Schubert, Eric

231

Pathology Case Study: Pancreatic Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old man with a history of prostatic adenocarcinoma is presented with left flank pain. Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of a needle biopsy of the pancreas are provided in the â??Preoperative Studiesâ?ť section. A â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is also found here, which includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Deal, Karen

232

Pathology Case Study: Testicular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.

233

Pathology Case Study: Rectal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a clinical microbiology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 78-year-old man has rectal adenocarcinoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Horn, Kevin D.

234

Pathology Case Study: Coccygeal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 60-year-old man has a recently enlarging coccygeal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in skeletal and soft tissue pathology.

Horn, Kevin D.

235

Changes in a top-level soccer referee's training, match activities, and physiology over an 8-year period: a case study.  

PubMed

Athlete case studies have often focused on the training outcome and not the training process. Consequently, there is a dearth of information detailing longitudinal training protocols, yet it is the combined assessment of both outcome and process that enhances the interpretation of physical test data. We were provided with a unique opportunity to assess the training load, physical match performance, and physiological fitness of an elite soccer referee from the referee's final season before attaining full-time, professional status (2002) until the season when he refereed the 2010 UEFA Champions League and FIFA World Cup finals. An increased focus on on-field speed and gym-based strength training was observed toward the end of the study period and longitudinal match data showed a tendency for decreased total distances but an increased intensity of movements. Laboratory assessments demonstrated that VO2max remained stable (52.3 vs 50.8 mL·kg-1·min-1), whereas running speed at the lactate threshold (14.0 vs 12.0 km·h-1) and running economy (37.3 vs 43.4 mL·kg-1·min-1) both improved in 2010 compared with 2002. PMID:21725113

Weston, Matthew; Gregson, Warren; Castagna, Carlo; Breivik, Simon; Impellizzeri, Franco M; Lovell, Ric J

2011-06-01

236

Pathology Case Study: Cushing's Syndrome  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This particular case involves a 41 year-old woman experiencing the following symptoms for a period of 18 months: fatigue, weakness, lethargy, and decreased concentration. The patientâ??s history, description of CT scans, and images from histological examinations, which contributed to the conclusive diagnosis, are all provided here for your review. The contributing doctors provide a detailed discussion of the patientâ??s condition in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Dacic, Sanja

237

Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Nodules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This pediatric pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. The learning objectives located at the top of the page are a great way for students to evaluate their learning progress. This case involves a 12-year-old girl presenting with recurrent lung nodules. Images from chest x-rays and a lung biopsy provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of these images is also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Arnold, Sonya

238

Pathology Case Study: Respiratory Distress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This cardiovascular pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 72-year-old female experiencing respiratory distress is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Ariyanayagam-Baksh, Shashi

239

Goiania incident case study  

SciTech Connect

The reasons for wanting to document this case study and present the findings are simple. According to USDOE technical risk assessments (and our own initial work on the Hanford socioeconomic study), the likelihood of a major accident involving exposure to radioactive materials in the process of site characterization, construction, operation, and closure of a high-level waste repository is extremely remote. Most would agree, however, that there is a relatively high probability that a minor accident involving radiological contamination will occur sometime during the lifetime of the repository -- for example, during transport, at an MRS site or at the permanent site itself during repacking and deposition. Thus, one of the major concerns of the Yucca Mountain Socioeconomic Study is the potential impact of a relatively minor radiation-related accident. A large number of potential impact of a relatively minor radiation-related accident. A large number of potential accident scenarios have been under consideration (such as a transportation or other surface accident which results in a significant decline in tourism, the number of conventions, or the selection of Nevada as a retirement residence). The results of the work in Goiania make it clear, however, that such a significant shift in established social patterns and trends is not likely to occur as a direct outcome of a single nuclear-related accident (even, perhaps, a relatively major one), but rather, are likely to occur as a result of the enduring social interpretations of such an accident -- that is, as a result of the process of understanding, communicating, and socially sustaining a particular set of associations with respect to the initial incident.

Petterson, J.S. [Impact Assessment, Inc., La Jolla, CA (USA)

1988-06-01

240

Big Sky Geophysics: Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the website of Big Sky Geophysics presents four case studies in geophysical exploration. Each case study examines the use of a particular exploration method: electrical, GPR, gravity, and magnetic/EM. The case studies lay out the circumstances of the exploration, the science behind the method and then displays the data that was gathered during the exploration.

Clark Jorgenson

241

Bridging Brown County Case Study Bridging Brown County Case Study  

E-print Network

Bridging Brown County Case Study Bridging Brown County Case Study Connecting Communities Capacity 4 Collaboration 4 Networking 4 Community Vitality 4 Social Capital #12;Bridging Brown County Case, in 1998 a tornado caused severe damage in parts of the county. As Katie assisted groups and coordinated

Minnesota, University of

242

Case Studies in Wilderness Medicine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five case studies explore issues in wilderness medicine, with emphasis on evacuation decision making. The cases describe medical problems encountered during wilderness trips involving college or high school students. In each case, the situation and facts of the case are outlined, including the patient's medical history and vital signs, and at…

Gray, Melissa; Tarter, Shana Lee

243

Painful bladder: Case studies  

PubMed Central

As part of the program at the 3rd Annual Canadian Urology Forum (2013), participants engaged in interactive discussions of difficult cases throughout the event. The following is a summary of discussions pertaining to two cases illustrating the difficulties in diagnosis and management of bladder pain symptoms. PMID:24523849

Bailly, Greg

2013-01-01

244

UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/  

E-print Network

UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Sustainability Office CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Campus Sustainability Office #12;UBC CASE STUDY / Social

245

Exploring impacts of multi-year, community-based care programs for orphans and vulnerable children: a case study from Kenya.  

PubMed

The Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) program operated in Kenya during 2006-2010. In Eastern Province, the program provided support to approximately 3000 orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) living in 1500 households. A primary focus of the program was to support savings and loan associations composed of OVC caregivers (typically elderly women) to improve household and OVC welfare. Cross-sectional data were collected in 2011 from 1500 randomly selected households from 3 populations: program participants (CBCO group, n=500), households in the same villages as program participants but not in the program (the local-community-group = Group L, n=300), and households living in nearby villages where the program did not operate (the adjacent-community-group, Group A, n=700). Primary welfare outcomes evaluated are household food security, as measured by the Household Food Insecurity Access instrument, and OVC educational attainment. We compared outcomes between the CBCO and the subset of Group L not meeting program eligibility criteria (L-N) to investigate disparities within local communities. We compared outcomes between the CBCO group and the subset of Group A meeting eligibility criteria (A-E) to consider program impact. We compared outcomes between households not eligible for the program in the local and adjacent community groups (L-N and A-N) to consider if the adjacent communities are similar to the local communities. In May-June 2011, at the end of the OVC program, the majority of CBCO households continued to be severely food insecure, with rates similar to other households living in nearby communities. Participation rates in primary school are high, reflecting free primary education. Among the 18-22 year olds who were "children" during the program years, relatively few children completed secondary school across all study groups. Although the CBCO program likely provided useful services and benefits to program participants, disparities continued to exist in food security and educational outcomes between program participants and their non-OVC peers in the local community. Outcomes for CBCO households were similar to those observed for OVC households in adjacent communities. PMID:23745629

Larson, Bruce A; Wambua, Nancy; Masila, Juliana; Wangai, Susan; Rohr, Julia; Brooks, Mohamad; Bryant, Malcolm

2013-01-01

246

Candida dubliniensis endophthalmitis: five cases over 15 years  

PubMed Central

Background Recent studies have shown that the recently identified organism Candida dubliniensis is less pathogenic than the more common Candida albicans. Due to its rare nature, C. dubliniensis has been previously reported as the causative organism in endophthalmitis in only three cases. We undertook a multicenter, retrospective, consecutive case series to describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients with culture-proven C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis. Medical records were reviewed for all patients with C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis on vitreous/aqueous cultures from June 1998 to June 2013 from all public hospitals throughout Queensland, Australia. Results Six eyes from five patients were identified - four males and one female aged from 21 to 55 years (mean 37 years). Four patients were intravenous drug users and four patients had hepatitis C. All five patients were treated with systemic antifungal therapy and intravitreal antifungal injections, and all required vitrectomy. Two eyes developed retinal detachment over the course of the endophthalmitis. Five eyes had visual outcomes of 20/60 or better, and one eye had a poor outcome with final visual acuity of hand movements only. There was no associated mortality, and no infected eyes required enucleation or evisceration. Conclusions C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis is a rare condition which occurs mainly in intravenous drug users and can occur in both HIV-positive and HIV-negative patients. Unlike C. albicans endophthalmitis, C. dubliniensis endophthalmitis has reasonable visual outcomes and does not appear to be associated with high mortality. PMID:24252588

2013-01-01

247

Five Year Retrospective Case Series of Adnexal Torsion  

PubMed Central

Aims and Objectives: Adnexal torsion is a rare gynaecological emergency that requires an early surgical intervention to save the adnexa from irreversible damage .Our study is about clinical presentation and management approach of adnexal torsion in a tertiary care centre. Study Design: Retrospective study. Materials and Methods: Review of case records during the five years of 2008 November -2013 November in Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, India. Results: Adnexal torsion was found mainly in the reproductive age. Ultrasound was the most commonly used imaging modality. Benign tumours predispose to torsion. Torsion occurred during postovulatory period in many cases. Polycystic ovaries were a risk factor for unexplained torsion in younger age groups. Diagnosis of adnexal torsion was mostly intra operative by direct visualisation of the rotated adnexa. Laparoscopy was the preferred method of surgical intervention. Ovarian conservation was tried in majority of the child bearing age groups. Conclusion: Adnexal torsion is a rare emergency which requires a high index of clinical suspicion for diagnosis as the symptoms are non specific. Imaging helps in diagnosis but most of them are diagnosed intra operatively. Laparoscopic conservative surgery is the preferred surgical approach especially in younger age groups. An early surgical intervention helps in salvaging the adnexa and prevents further complications. PMID:25653994

Joy, Smitha; Nayar, Jayashree

2014-01-01

248

Teaching Pharmacology by Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using pharmacology case studies with nursing students encourages theory-practice links and infuses real-life content. Cases provide rich qualitative data for evaluating curriculum. However, they are not a substitute for evidence-based practice. (SK)

Jordan, Sue

1997-01-01

249

High alpine ponds shift upwards as average temperatures increase: A case study of the Ortles-Cevedale mountain group (Southern Alps, Italy) over the last 50 years  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Alpine ecosystems are especially vulnerable to climate change, and lakes and ponds act as early indicators. Here, we describe our findings for the Ortles-Cevedale mountain group (Stelvio National Park, Southern Alps, Italy), where we used remote sensing to analyze more than 100 water ponds over the last 50 years (1954-2007). We found that since the 1980s, some lower elevation ponds (< 2500 m a.s.l.) have disappeared or experienced surface area reduction. We link this impact to the increased evaporation/precipitation ratio associated with climatic warming. At higher elevations (> 2900 m a.s.l.), we observed that since the 1950s, ponds have increased in size and that new ponds have appeared as a consequence of glacial shrinkage and retreat. However, these new ponds are ephemeral. The appearance of new environments is usually followed by their rapid disappearance and by a concomitant appearance of new ones, which is a clear sign of a transition from a glacial system to a paraglacial system. Surface area changes have been shown to be a highly visible and easily measurable signal of the impact of climate change on the alpine environment, as already demonstrated in other remote areas of the world. There is a clear need to extend this analysis to other sites in the Alps to gain a regional understanding of the phenomenon. The findings of this study make it possible to interpret the variations created by climate change in these environments, in terms of alteration of their ecological role and the loss of ecosystem services.

Salerno, Franco; Gambelli, Sara; Viviano, Gaetano; Thakuri, Sudeep; Guyennon, Nicolas; D'Agata, Carlo; Diolaiuti, Guglielmina; Smiraglia, Claudio; Stefani, Fabrizio; Bocchiola, Daniele; Tartari, Gianni

2014-09-01

250

Liberal Studies: Thirty Years' Retrospect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven critical pressures or influences have modified general education since 1946: (1) three waves of G.I. Bill holders; (2) racial and ethnic integration; (3) television; (4) student protest; (5) demands of the job market; (6) overlap of the secondary school curriculum with that of freshman and sophomore years of college; and (7) changing student…

Willey, Darrell S.

1977-01-01

251

Pathology Case Study: Cerebellar Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 16-year-old female who presented with a seven-month history of headaches and difficulty with gait. Visitors are given examination findings, imaging studies, and pathological findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Diagnosis and Discussion" section provides the findings, discussion of the disease, along with references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Cummings, Thomas J.

252

Introduction of interdisciplinary teaching: two case studies : commentary on "teaching science, technology, and society to engineering students: a sixteen year journey".  

PubMed

Interdisciplinary courses on science, engineering and society have been successfully established in two cases, at Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey, and at the University of Hamburg, Germany. In both cases there were institutional and perceptual barriers that had to be overcome in the primarily disciplinary departments. The ingredients of success included a clear vision of interdisciplinary themes and didactics, and the exploitation of institutional opportunities. Haldun M. Ozaktas in Ankara used the dynamics of an accreditation process to establish courses on engineering and society. At the University of Hamburg the introduction of optional courses into all curricula allowed for the establishment of a seminar series on physics and society, as well as on peace education and peace building. Both of these approaches have a weakness in common: the courses can disappear once their initiators have left, unless the interdisciplinary themes are integrated into compulsory core curricula. PMID:24085355

Spitzer, Hartwig

2013-12-01

253

Emotion, Engagement, and Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three college faculty taught large general biology classes using case studies and personal response systems (clickers). Each instructor taught the same eight cases in two different sections, except the questions within the cases differed. In one section the questions were lower order (LO) factual inquiries, and in the other they were largely…

Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Terry, David R.; Lemons, Paula; Armstrong, Norris; Brickman, Peggy; Ribbens, Eric

2014-01-01

254

Kindergarteners Can Do It--So Can You: A Case Study of a Constructionist Technology-Rich First Year Seminar for Undergraduate College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Constructionism" is a theory of learning proposed by Seymour Papert of MIT. Co-instructors for a first year seminar for undergraduate students provided education students with a one-semester constructionist experience to learn by engaging with technology. Students used LEGO[R] construction bricks and pieces to solve problems by building, working…

Beisser, Sally; Gillespie, Catherine

2003-01-01

255

A Democratic and Student-Centred Approach to Facilitating Teamwork Learning among First-Year Engineering Students: A Learning and Teaching Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This work examines an innovative and evolving approach to facilitating teamwork learning in a generic first-year mechanical engineering course. Principles of inclusive, student-active and democratic pedagogy were utilised to engage students on both the social and personal planes. Learner opportunities to facilitate, direct and lead the learning…

Missingham, Dorothy; Matthews, Robert

2014-01-01

256

Case Studies in Economic Sanctions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Institute for International Economics, Case Studies in Economic Sanctions presents, at present, eight in-depth case studies of the effects of economic sanctions in countries including Cuba, Libya, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Myanmar. Each case study is presented in three compact pages beginning with a detailed timeline of the history of the sanctions. The second page offers more information, including the chronological goals of the sender country, response of the target country, attitude of other countries, and legal notes. The final page contains economic statistics, assessments by economists, and concise authors's summaries. Worthy of note are the lengthy bibliographies that accompany each case study.

257

Project Invert WP6 Case Studies Case studies  

E-print Network

Project Invert ­ WP6 Case Studies Case studies (update, June 2005) Final Report of Work Phase 6 of the project ­ a research project within the Altener Program of the European Commission, DG TREN ­ Contract No Joergensen ­ RISOE Arkadiusz Figorski, Adam Gula, Elzbieta Gula, Beata Sliz, Artur Wyrwa ­ AGH #12;Project

258

A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study  

E-print Network

A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study Open Source, Open Standards, Open Data by Brent Alexander Wood NIWA, New Zealand. pcreso@pcreso.com Abstract The National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) is New Zealand's leading agency providing freshwater, ocean, climate, atmosphere

Köbben, Barend

259

Case Study: Case Studies and the Flipped Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue discusses the positive and negative aspects of the "flipped classroom." In the flipped classroom model, what is normally done in class and what is normally done as…

Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Schiller, Nancy A.

2013-01-01

260

Pathology Case Study: Stillborn Fetus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.

Klatt, Edward C., 1951-

261

Pathology Case Study: Bilateral Pneumonia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Davie, James

262

Pathology Case Study: Dog Bites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Driscoll, Eileen

263

Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 46-year-old gentleman with a persistent right lower lobe pulmonary mass after a successfully treated cavitary pneumonia 5 months ago." Visitors are given patient history along with radiology findings and images. They are also given gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Gregorio, Remigio

264

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Distention  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Rao, Uma N. M.

265

Strategic Collaboration and Retention of First-year Technology Students: An Instrumental Case Study of Woman-Friendly Peer Mentoring in a Mixed-Sex Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 20 years, U.S. colleges and universities have developed numerous programs to attract and retain women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines by addressing their special interests and concerns. However, women-only classes and programs, more widely adopted in the U.S. than in Europe, are now under assault. Facing increasing political and legal pressures, American colleges are

Mara H. Wasburn

266

Integrating an open-source course management system (Moodle) into the teaching of a first-year medical physiology course: a case study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes the use of a popular open-source course management system (CMS) called the modular object-oriented dynamic learning environment (Moodle) to construct an online site (DPhysiol) to facilitate face-to-face teaching of physiology to a group of first-year students in the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery program. The integration of the Moodle site was assessed using online log activity, student examination marks, and feedback from students.

Kumar Seluakumaran (University of Malaya)

2011-12-01

267

A case-control study of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in Switzerland: analysis of potential risk factors with regard to an increased CJD incidence in the years 2001–2004  

PubMed Central

Background In 2001, the observed annual mortality from Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) in Switzerland increased from less than 1.5 to 2.6 per million inhabitants. An underlying cause could not be identified. Methods To analyse potential risk factors for sCJD in Switzerland, close relatives of 69 sCJD-patients and 224 frequency age-matched controls were interviewed in a case-control study using a standardised questionnaire. 135 potential risk factors including socio-demographics, medical history, occupation and diet were analysed by logistic regression adjusting for age, sex and education. Results sCJD patients were more likely to have travelled abroad, worked at an animal laboratory, undergone invasive dental treatment, orthopaedic surgery, ophthalmologic surgery after 1980, regular GP visits, taken medication regularly, and consumed kidney. No differences between patients and controls were found for residency, family history, and exposure to environmental and other dietary factors. Conclusion Although some factors were significantly more frequent among sCJD-cases, this study did not reveal specific explanations for the increased incidence of deaths due to sporadic CJD observed in Switzerland since 2001. Results have to be interpreted with caution due to multiple testing and possible recall bias in association with a long incubation period. The most plausible reason for the increase in Swiss sCJD cases after 2000 is an improved case ascertainment. Therefore, underreporting of cases might well have occurred before the year 2001, and the "real" yearly incidence of sCJD might not be lower than, but rather above 2 per million inhabitants. PMID:19144172

Ruegger, Jessica; Stoeck, Katharina; Amsler, Lorenz; Blaettler, Thomas; Zwahlen, Marcel; Aguzzi, Adriano; Glatzel, Markus; Hess, Klaus; Eckert, Tobias

2009-01-01

268

Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Studies of the  

E-print Network

Curriculum Integration Case Studies 1 Moving Beyond Marketing Study Abroad: Comparative Case Integration Case Studies 2 Contents Acknowledgements....................................................................16 5.) Case Study #1 (University of Minnesota, 2006): Oregon State University 1a.) Impetus & Goals

Amin, S. Massoud

269

Effects of a 3-Year Nurse-Based Case Management in Aged Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction on Rehospitalisation, Mortality, Risk Factors, Physical Functioning and Mental Health. A Secondary Analysis of the Randomized Controlled KORINNA Study  

PubMed Central

Background Home-based secondary prevention programs led by nurses have been proposed to facilitate patients’ adjustment to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The objective of this study was to conduct secondary analyses of the three-year follow-up of a nurse-based case management for elderly patients discharged from hospital after an AMI. Methods In a single-centre randomized two-armed parallel group trial of hospitalized patients with AMI ?65 years, patients hospitalized between September 2008 and May 2010 in the Hospital of Augsburg, Germany, were randomly assigned to case management or usual care. The case-management intervention consisted of a nurse-based follow-up for three years including home visits and telephone calls. Study endpoints were time to first unplanned readmission or death, clinical parameters, functional status, depressive symptoms and malnutrition risk. Persons who assessed three-year outcomes and validated readmission data were blinded. The intention-to-treat approach was applied to the statistical analyses which included Cox Proportional Hazards models. Results Three hundred forty patients were allocated to receive case-management (n = 168) or usual care (n = 172). During three years, in the intervention group there were 80 first unplanned readmissions and 6 deaths, while the control group had 111first unplanned readmissions and 3 deaths. The intervention did not significantly affect time to first unplanned readmission or death (Hazard Ratio 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.67–1.19; p = 0.439), blood pressure, cholesterol level, instrumental activities of daily life (IADL) (only for men), and depressive symptoms. However, patients in the intervention group had a significantly better functional status, as assessed by the HAQ Disability Index, IADL (only for women), and hand grip strength, and better SCREEN-II malnutrition risk scores than patients in the control group. Conclusions A nurse-based management among elderly patients with AMI did not significantly affect time to unplanned readmissions or death during a three-year follow-up. However, the results indicate that functional status and malnutrition risk can be improved. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN02893746 PMID:25811486

Kirchberger, Inge; Hunger, Matthias; Stollenwerk, Björn; Seidl, Hildegard; Burkhardt, Katrin; Kuch, Bernhard; Meisinger, Christa; Holle, Rolf

2015-01-01

270

River Forecasting Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module takes the learner through the considerations for the river forecasting decisions associated with the remnants of Hurricane Ivan on 17-19 September, 2004 for the Susquehanna River system in Pennsylvania and New York. The module assists the learner with applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to this case are soil conditions, the impact of QPF on runoff, runoff models, runoff processes, routed flow and stage-discharge relationships. Observations of upstream conditions and comparisons to historic crests are also examined to assist with operational flood forecast decisions. The core foundation topics are recommended as a prerequisite since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles.

COMET

2007-06-12

271

Three Community College Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents three case studies that focus on specific projects that are underway or have been completed. In the first case study, Joseph Wojtysiak and William J. Sutton, II discuss the Green Center of Central Pennsylvania, which is designed to serve as the state's preeminent source for education, training and public information about…

Wojtysiak, Joseph; Sutton, William J., II; Wright, Tommy; Brantley, Linda

2011-01-01

272

Adding usability - a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a case study that has been performed at the Medical Products Agency (MPA) which is the authority responsible for the whole process of drug approval and control in Sweden. The purpose with this case study was to apply a new approach to user interface design in the development of an information system for employees at the MPA.

273

HEAD Academy PBL Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains case studies relevant to chemistry and related scientific areas, all using problem based learning methods. The case studies are in the form of downloadable pdf files that include materials to give to students as well as instructor guides.

274

The Big Read: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Big Read evaluation included a series of 35 case studies designed to gather more in-depth information on the program's implementation and impact. The case studies gave readers a valuable first-hand look at The Big Read in context. Both formal and informal interviews, focus groups, attendance at a wide range of events--all showed how…

National Endowment for the Arts, 2009

2009-01-01

275

Years of Transition: Times for Change. A Review and Analysis of Pilot Projects Investigating Issues in the Transition Years. Volume Three: The Realities of Restructuring: Case Studies of Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ontario's Transition Years initiatives, designed to change schooling structures and processes and ease early adolescents' transition to high school, seem to place teachers in equally trying and traumatic transitions in their work and careers. Program components challenge teachers' sense of competence and effectiveness and threaten to consume…

Hargreaves, Andy; And Others

276

Reverse Engineering and Software Products Reuse to Teach Collaborative Web Portals: A Case Study with Final-Year Computer Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of collaborative Web applications does not follow a software engineering methodology. This is because when university students study Web applications in general, and collaborative Web portals in particular, they are not being trained in the use of software engineering techniques to develop collaborative Web portals. This paper…

Medina-Dominguez, Fuensanta; Sanchez-Segura, Maria-Isabel; Mora-Soto, Arturo; Amescua, Antonio

2010-01-01

277

A Case Study Using Principal-Agent Theory to Explore How a Public, Four Year University Interacts with a System Office  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this research was to examine the funding relationship between a single public institution of higher education and its accompanying system office. Such a study is important in order to obtain insight into the relationship between a System Office and an institution, and thus how institutions carry out their fiscal responsibilities, not…

Macias, Anaraquel

2012-01-01

278

Migraine aura or transient ischemic attacks? A five-year follow-up case-control study of women with transient central nervous system disorders in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Migraine aura may be difficult to differentiate from transient ischemic attacks and other transient neurological disorders in pregnant women. The aims of the present study were to investigate and diagnose all pregnant women with transient neurological disorders of suspected central nervous system origin, and to compare this group with a control group of pregnant women with regard to vascular

Janne Marit Ertresvg; Lars Jacob Stovner; Lene Ekern Kvavik; Hans-Jorgen Johnsen; John-Anker Zwart; Grethe Helde; Gunnar Bovim

2007-01-01

279

Information Systems in Teacher Preparation Programs: What Can We Learn from a 5-Year Longitudinal Case Study of an Electronic Portfolio Database?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2003, a portfolio system was implemented to manage the data associated with the field experiences in a teacher education program at a research institution in the southeast region of the United States. In this longitudinal study, the implementation trends from usage data extracted from the system are used to discuss the implications for the use…

Swan, Gerry

2009-01-01

280

Prader-Willi Disease: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study focuses on the characteristics and physical management of a 15-year-old with Prader-Willi Syndrome, a birth defect associated with hypotonia, insatiable appetite, hypogonadism, central nervous system dysfunction, and abnormal growth and development . A literature review addresses studies dealing with behavior modification of obesity…

Forbus, William R., III

281

Releasing the digital elevation model for the whole Italian territory: a case study reporting two years of core-data dissemination for Earth Sciences communities and other stakeholders  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EPOS (European Plate Observing System) is the European initiative for the implementation and integration of European Research Infrastructures in the field of Solid Earth Sciences. In particular, EPOS is aimed at creating a common environment for data exchange for both the scientific community and relevant stakeholders interested in Earth Sciences. In such a context, a service providing access to the complete topography of one of the countries participating in EPOS represents a step forward towards the realization of the EPOS mission. Here we report about two years of activity of a data dissemination service which released (for free) a digital elevation model (DEM) of the whole Italian territory at 10 m-resolution named TINTALY/01. The new TINITALY/01 DEM for the whole Italian territory was completed and presented by INGV in 2007. This DEM was the final result of a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment. TINITALY/01 was completed in two phases: in a first phase, independent elevation models for single regions were derived, and in a second phase, all the regional models were merged into a single, seamless model covering the whole territory of Italy. In early 2012, a web portal was published (http://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/) through which the above DEM is open for a full web-GIS navigation (3-D navigation in anaglyph mode or standard 2-D hillshade), and where internet navigators can ask for the download of the DEM dataset (in grid format, 10 m-resolution) through the compilation of an online form (http://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/account_request_form.html). Submission of the form implies stating the destination of use for the data, and acceptance of the policy of use (i.e. no-profit use). After nearly two years from the opening of the portal, the DEM is still browsed by up to 10-20 users per day (about 3000 visits throughout 2013). As of 31 December 2013, about 220 users affiliated to nearly 150 different institutions or associations (i.e. universities, research institutes, local administrations, etc..) based on 20 different countries (10% of the users from outside Europe) have been accredited for the download of the DEM. The analysis of the destinations of use declared by users shows that they have very different interests, ranging from any branch within Earth Sciences (e.g. Gravimetry, Volcanology, Seismics, Geomorphology etc..) to applied Physics, Archaeology and History, Zoology, Forestry Sciences, Remote Sensing, Civil Protection, Land Use Planning and Environmental Management etc. Although this service was originally designed and set up outside the EPOS umbrella, the present report illustrates the utility and need of even relatively small infrastructures for the dissemination of core data in the field of Earth Sciences. This experience shows that a similar service can attract the interest of a large variety of scientific communities and private and public stakeholders, which can largely benefit from the availability of similar core-data. To date, TINITALY/01 is the DEM with the highest resolution freely accessible for the whole Italian territory.

Tarquini, Simone; Nannipieri, Luca

2014-05-01

282

"It'll look good on your personal statement": a multi-case study of self-marketing amongst 16-19 year olds applying to university  

E-print Network

set of ‘soft skills’. Despite being embedded in the experience of many twenty-first century citizens, self-marketing as an object of study for sociologists has been largely overlooked. It is under-researched, under- theorised and under-defined as a... Education (Scott, 1995; Tapper & Palfreyman, 2005; Brooks, 2006); New Labour’s aspirational target of 50 per cent of young people going to university; the persistence of credential inflation; and the growth in importance of ‘soft’ or ‘transferable...

Shuker, Lucie

2010-06-08

283

Central nervous system hemangiopericytoma, retrospective four year pathology case series.  

PubMed

Hemangiopericytomas (HPC) are uncommon, aggressive, difficult to diagnose tumors mostly found in the extremities and pelvis and very rarely within the Central Nervous System(CNS). CNS HPC closely mimics meningioma, which is a much more frequent benign tumor, while HPC is potentially lethal, thus correct diagnosis of HPC is vital. Due to the very low frequency of CNS HPC, local experience with this tumor is very limited. For this reason a retrospective four year review of CNS pathology cases was performed to observe the frequency of CNS HPC, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, correlate the proportion of HPCto meningiomas and compare these with the literature. Results showed that our past pathologic assessment of HPC as well as the incidence is consistent with the literature, while the ratio of HPC to meningioma was above expected. This is the first local study dealing with the pathology of CNS HPC, which discloses an adequate clinic-pathologic assessment within the UPR premises as reflected by pathologic-epidemiologic findings coincident with the literature. A discrepancy of the HPC to meningioma ratio was found. Further studies are warranted to delve into the etiologies of this discrepancy as the issue has major implications due to the benign and malignant behavior respectively of meningioma and HPC. PMID:23038887

Quintero-Aguiló, Mario E

2012-09-01

284

A Qualitative Study of Two-To-Four-Year Transfer Practices in California Community Colleges: An Analysis of Seven Case Studies Featuring Colleges with Consistently Higher-than-Expected Transfer Rates, Fall 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Which factors promote transfer from community colleges to four-year colleges and universities? What can individuals learn about transfer from tracking cohorts of students? What can they learn from studying colleges that have a strong track record of transferring students? These questions are at the center of a study funded in 2007 by the…

Mery, Pamela; Schiorring, Eva

2008-01-01

285

Geostatistical case studies  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this volume of contributed chapters is to present a series of applications of geostatistics. These range from a careful variographic analysis on uranium data, through detailed studies on geologically complex deposits, right up to the latest nonlinear methods applied to deposits with highly skewed data contributions. Applications of new techniques such as the external drift method for combining well data with seismic information have also been included. The volume emphasizes geostatistics in practice. Notation has been kept to a minimum and mathematical details have been relegated to annexes.

Matheron, G.; Armstrong, M.

1987-01-01

286

Case Studies in Science Ethics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Everyone in science should have ethics education training. I have seen graduate students taken advantage of by their mentors. Many of us have seen misconduct...but what should we do about it? Young scientists are often unaware of the rules in science and make mistakes because of their ignorance of the rules in that particular field of study. Then there are an increasing number of cases in the news of overt cases of misrepresentation in science. All are welcome to attend this discussion of case studies. A case study on topics such as: how to treat data properly, how our values in science affect our work, who gets authorship on scientific papers, who is first author on a paper, what you should do if you uncover misconduct or plagiarism in your university, and we will discuss the scientist's role in society. This will be a painless, non-confrontational small group, then large group discussion of each case

Williams, Karen

2010-03-01

287

Using Case Studies to Teach Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Storytelling as a formal educational device arguably entered the didactic scene about 100 years ago with case study teaching at Harvard (Herreid 1994). There in the law and business schools, instructors and students analyzed realistic stories as exemplars of good and bad practice. Today, however, storytelling does not have to be limited to the traditional discussion formula advocated in these schools. This chapter describes various types of case study methods, reviews their virtues and weaknesses, and discusses the impact of case-based instruction in science education.

Clyde Freeman Herreid

2006-01-01

288

Earthquake Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students work in a jigsaw format, they start in an expert group analyzing one particular aspect of the earthquake that occurred (e.g., tsunami, geologic maps, damage assessment). After analyzing the data/information provided, students get into their new groups, which are a "consulting team" to make recommendations to key governmental officials about the earthquake they studied and implications for future development. These are presented in a poster session style event, which then leads to individual papers that are written about the same topic, which are peer reviewed and revised. Students are asked to reflect on their strengths and weaknesses in the process and to consider changes for future opportunities, as well as connect the curriculum to the overall process of science.

Kaatje Kraft

289

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study  

E-print Network

Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California

290

Case studies: iron1234  

PubMed Central

Iron biomarkers were developed to define the size of iron stores and the adequacy of the iron supply required to meet functional needs. Approximately 80% of the iron delivered to tissues through the circulating plasma pool will be incorporated into hemoglobin. Consequently, with the exception of serum ferritin, iron biomarkers are measures of iron sufficiency for erythrocyte production. They have proven to be very valuable in the determination of the cause of anemia in the clinical setting in which additional information about factors that affect the patient's health is available. However, all current biomarkers are affected by factors other than iron status, which limit their utility for the determination of the prevalence of iron deficiency in some populations, particularly in populations who live in developing countries. Furthermore, relations between iron status and functional outcomes such as neonatal and infant mortality; motor, cognitive, and emotional development in infants; and severe morbidity from malaria in young children are inadequately characterized. There is a need to identify and standardize biomarkers that have the highest predictive value for specific functional outcomes in each setting. The most appropriate biomarkers may vary with the setting and be influenced by age, sex, gestational stage of pregnancy, and environmental factors such as repeated or chronic infections. There is also an urgent need for improved technology to permit the use of specific biomarkers in field studies in resource-poor regions. Finally, more research is required to define the potential role of hepcidin and non–transferrin-bound iron assays. PMID:21733878

Lynch, Sean

2011-01-01

291

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (DENVER PRESENTATION)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

292

Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

293

HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (CHICAGO, IL)  

EPA Science Inventory

Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

294

Case Study: del Amo Bioventing  

EPA Science Inventory

The attached presentation discusses the fundamentals of bioventing in the vadose zone. The basics of bioventing are presented. The experience to date with the del Amo Superfund Site is presented as a case study....

295

Nasopharyngeal Case-Control Study  

Cancer.gov

A case-control study conducted in Taiwan between 1991-1994 among approximately 1,000 individuals to examine the role of viral, environmental, and genetic factors associated with the development of nasopharyngeal carcinoma

296

The Case Study: Professional Development Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A professional development case in college science teaching bridges the gap between educational theory and practice. A good case poses an interesting dilemma involving instructors, students, and administrators. Case discussions can help instructors take charge of their own professional development and create a community of shared professional support within their colleges. These discussions help overcome the sense of isolation that many instructors, particularly new ones, can experience.

Dava Coleman

2006-09-01

297

Root Resorption a 6-Year Follow-up Case Report  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the clinical course of a pediatric patient developing cervical external root resorption (CERR). An 11-year old male patient had sustained dental trauma and was diagnosed with crown fracture affecting the incisal and middle thirds of the maxillary right permanent central incisor and the maxillary right permanent lateral incisor with pulp exposure and CERR after 24 months. Diagnosis and treatment of CERR are a challenge for dental practitioners. In this case, preservation of natural dentition is shown as a successful treatment in a 6-year follow-up.

Dias, Caroline; Closs, Luciane; Barletta, Fernando; Reston, Eduardo; Tovo, Maximiano F; Lambert, Paula

2015-01-01

298

Ceramic fabricator quality revolution: A case study  

SciTech Connect

This case study discusses statistical process control and other quality tools in the application of continuous improvement and total quality management programs to a mature ceramic parts manufacturing operation that had been producing quality'' products for many years. By applying these tools, significant incremental improvements in process performance and product quality were achieved.

Martin, S.C. (Advanced Refractory Technologies, Inc., Buffalo, NY (United States))

1993-11-01

299

The Case Study: The Way of Flesch  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 50-year-old book, The Art of Readable Writing , by Linguist Rudolf Flesch, is chock-full of great advice about writing. Here the author shares some of its wisdom because it is useful for any kind of writing, including case studies. Consider th

Clyde Freeman Herreid

2002-02-01

300

The Induction of Marketing Teachers: Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a larger, 5-year national project, case study analyses were conducted of the induction experiences of two beginning teachers of marketing education. One teacher (Mary) entered the profession through a traditional teacher education program in marketing education. The other (Jake) obtained certification based on extensive experience in…

Heath-Camp, Betty; And Others

301

The nontraditional female athlete: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current research presents traditional female college student-athletes as unmarried and childless individuals between 18 and 24 years of age. However, many colleges\\/universities are experiencing increases in the number of nontraditional students returning to higher education following leave from academic involvement. Possibly, this has implications for an increase in nontraditional student athletes. This case study examined a Caucasian female (age 36),

Elizabeth A. Jambor; Esther M. Weekes

1996-01-01

302

Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case

Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

2013-01-01

303

Primary orbital tumors: A review of 122 cases during a 23-year period: A histo-clinical study in material from the ENT Department of the Medical University of Silesia  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of different types of primary orbital tumors, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative complications. Material/Methods We analyzed 122 patients (68 women and 54 men) with orbital tumors, hospitalized in the ENT Department of the Medical University of Silesia in Katowice during 1990–2013. The patients were characterized in terms of anatomic, topographical, histopathological, and clinical parameters. The role of diagnostic imagining such as CT, NMR, and fine-needle aspiration (FNB) in preoperative diagnostics is discussed. Results of FNB, cytological, and histopathological examination of the postoperative specimens were compared. Results There were 56 (46%) patients with malignant tumors, 42 (34%) with benign tumors, 19 (16%) with inflammatory tumors, and 5 patients (4%) had other tumors. In cases of malignant tumors, local recurrence up to 5 years was found in 36 (64.3%) cases. In the other 20 (35.7%) cases of malignant tumors, the patients remained under close follow-up in the outpatient clinic, without signs of local recurrence (follow-up 1–17 years). According to histopathological examination, malignant tumors were detected in 45.9% of patients and non-malignant tumor in 34.4% of patients. In 19.7% of patients, inflammatory and other types of tumors were diagnosed. Conclusions We characterized the occurrence and pathological profiles of orbital tumors. The tumor location, histopathological diagnosis, and postoperative complications give us important information for the diagnosis of tumor prior to biopsy or tumor resection and for the determination of the treatment strategy and possible complications after surgery. PMID:24930391

Markowski, Jaros?aw; Jagosz-Kandziora, Estera; Likus, Wirginia; Paj?k, Jacek; Mrukwa-Kominek, Ewa; Paluch, Jaros?aw; Dziubdziela, W?odzimierz

2014-01-01

304

Case Study: Sex and Vaccination  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.

Clyde Freeman Herreid

2008-05-01

305

Cardiac rehabilitation with a nurse case manager (GoHeart) across local and regional health authorities improves risk factors, self-care and psychosocial outcomes. A one-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Objectives In Denmark, the local and regional health authorities share responsibility for cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The objective was to assess effectiveness of CR across sectors coordinated by a nurse case manager (NCM). Design A one-year follow-up study. Setting A CR programme (GoHeart) was evaluated in a cohort at Lillebaelt Hospital Vejle, DK from 2010 to 2011. Participants Consecutive patients admitted to CR were included. The inclusion criteria were the event of acute myocardial infarction or stable angina and invasive revascularization (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ?45%). Main outcome measures Cardiac risk factors, stratified self-care and self-reported psychosocial factors (SF12 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)) were assessed at admission (phase IIa), at three months at discharge (phase IIb) and at one-year follow-up (phase III). Intention-to-treat and predefined subgroup analysis on sex was performed. Results Of 241 patients, 183 (75.9%) were included (mean age 63.8 years). At discharge improvements were found in total-cholesterol (p?year follow-up these outcomes were maintained; additionally there was improvement in body mass index (BMI; p?year follow-up. PMID:25396055

Maindal, Helle Terkildsen

2014-01-01

306

POLLUTION PREVENTION - CASE STUDIES COMPENDIUM  

EPA Science Inventory

As a major part of the effort to disseminate the results of its research in the area of pollution prevention, EPA's Risk Reduction Engineering Laboratory has produced this compilation of case studies. hese studies are the culmination of some of the major current research efforts ...

307

Case Studies in Business Ethics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The most recent guide from Inc.com offers case studies in business ethics and includes coverage of businesses striving to become more environmentally aware, provide community growth, and activate global change. One of the case studies follows Fetzer Vineyards, a California winery committed to reducing its own waste; another describes the way that the Philadelphia restaurant White Dog Cafe donates ten percent of its $4.4 million profit to a variety of nonprofit organizations. The case studies are generally quite short and easy to read; additionally, they link to several online polls that test users's business ethics skills. For more information on Guides @ Inc.com, see the August 10, 2000 Scout Report for Business and Economics.

308

Case Studies in Climate Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended to be taught in an AP environmental science introductory unit and consists of 5 case studies. APES students choose one case based on their interest and work in a group to complete. Each case study includes an introduction with a news article or op-ed piece to start students thinking about their own opinions on the issue. Students then have time to research and build their background knowledge. Labs or activities are included to introduce students to methods used by scientists to study issues such as dendrochronology or ice core analysis. Students then analyze a real world set of data and create a presentation to present their findings to their class. Presentations include conclusions and recommendations for action to help solve the issue.

2012-01-01

309

Problem-based Case Studies: Model Cases  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These model cases, by The Case Files project of Nashville State Community College, represent the problem-based learning strategy the program has worked to further. Here, visitors will find examples of the strategy applied to many different fields, including HVAC, business analysis, team dynamics, and building design. Many of the modules have videos and interactive resources attached, as well as questions for students to investigate and answer. Visitors can also find documents which explain the pedagogical reasoning behind using this method of teaching and how each module helps students construct meaning.

310

Emergent Creativity: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recognition and analysis of the complexity involved in trying to understand what creativity is and how the creative process works is the essence of this paper. I chose to record as a case study the creative process involved in developing a children’s book based upon the achievements and experiences of three Massachusetts women who participated in the All American

Kathleen Bertrand

1997-01-01

311

Case Study: Goose Creek CISD  

E-print Network

GOOSE CREEK CISD FINANCIALS • $4,866,124 project • $600k annual savings • 5,954,383 kWh annual savings IMPROVEMENTS • Lighting and water efficiency, computer power management, HVAC, controls redesign case study McKinstry first worked with Goose...

White, D.

2014-01-01

312

Due Process Hearing Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a due process hearing case study of a mother who contended that his son, D.J., has been denied of a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) of his School District after being suspended from school. D.J., an elementary student, had been described as hyperactive, inattentive, defiant, and often volatile. He was identified…

Bateman, David F.; Jones, Marni Gail

2010-01-01

313

Case Studies in Applied Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine case studies in applied mathematics was written primarily for the use of the instructor by a Conference sponsored by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). Each chapter contains exercises of varying degrees of difficulty and several include student projects. The materials were used on a trial…

Mathematical Association of America, Washington, DC.

314

INNOVATIVE CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES CASE STUDIES  

EPA Science Inventory

The Innovative Clean Technologies case studies contained herein are the products of the "Pollution Prevention by and for Small Business" Program (P2SB). he P2SB was an outreach program directed to small businesses that had developed innovative concepts for pollution prevention in...

315

A Case of Premature Ovarian Failure in a 33-Year-Old Woman  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F. M.; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

2013-01-01

316

Avio case study: the MRO process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter presents the case study of the Avio Brindisi plant where a profound process of change has been in progress for a number of years. We use the TEKNE Project methodology of change to analyze the different aspects of the case, highlighting the firm's strategic, organizational and technological characteristics and the environment it operates in. In particular, we envisage a change in the plant's business model in response to the expansion of its client segments and a potential new approach to MRO operations based on advanced fleet management practices that would radically change the firm's organization and value network with respect to its MRO service offering, thereby yielding extensive global market opportunities.

Corallo, Angelo; Dimartino, Angelo; Errico, Fabrizio; Giangreco, Enza

317

A prospective study of acute cerebrovascular disease in the community: the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project1981-86. 2. Incidence, case fatality rates and overall outcome at one year of cerebral infarction, primary intracerebral and subarachnoid haemorrhage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The age and sex specific incidence rates for cerebral infarction, primary intracerebral haemorrhage and subarachnoid haemorrhage in a population of approximately 105,000 are presented. Over four years 675 patients with a first-ever stroke were registered with the Oxfordshire Community Stroke Project. The pathological diagnosis was confirmed by computerised tomography (CT) scan, necropsy or lumbar puncture (cases of subarachnoid haemorrhage only)

J Bamford; P Sandercock; M Dennis; J Burn; C Warlow

1990-01-01

318

Five Misunderstandings About CaseStudy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific development; (c) the case study is most useful for generating hypotheses, whereas other methods are more suitable for hypotheses testing and theory building; (d) the case

Bent Flyvbjerg; M S Sridhar

2006-01-01

319

Pathology Case Study: Two Weeks in Africa  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicineâ??s Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this clinical microbiology case, a 16-year-old male developed symptoms of fatigue, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting after returning to the United States from a two-week trip to Sudan. Laboratory test results and information from a microscopic examination are included in the case study. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section will take you to a detailed discussion of the patientâ??s condition from the contributing doctor. A list of references, which students could use to get more background information, is also included at the bottom of the section.

Contis, Lydia C.

320

Pathology Case Study: Fatigue and Weight Loss  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 39-year-old woman presents with a history of weight loss and fatigue in the past several months. The following tests were performed on the patient: peripheral blood smear, bone marrow aspirate and biopsy, flow cytometry, and molecular cytogenetic analysis. Those test results are all included in the case study to aid in your understanding of the patientâ??s diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official final diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease.

Gollin, Susanne M.

321

Pathology Case Study: Man in Coma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 67-year-old man in a post-operative coma, which required prolonged mechanical ventilation. The results from a CT scan, MRI, and EEG along with microscopic images are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Al-Gahtany, Mubarak

322

Department of Pathology-Case Studies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students in the health sciences learn from case studies, patient histories, and a variety of other means. In recent years, a number of medical schools in the United States have contributed to medical education by placing slide collections, pathology reports, and other related materials online. The University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine is part of this delightful trend, and they have placed a number of case studies culled from their Department of Pathology's files here on this site. Visitors can look over these files by patient history or diagnosis, and all told, there are well over 500 cases offered here. Visitors can read the pathology reports, view selections of related medical images and scans, and also read the final diagnosis report.

323

Pathology Case Study: Parotid Gland Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 53-year-old woman was treated for a â??progressively enlarging, painless mass in the area of the left parotid gland.â?ť Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of the specimen removed from the patient are included in the case study. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of head and neck pathology.

Dacic, Sanja

324

Contribution of stable isotopes (C,N,S) in collagen of late Pleistocene large mammal trophic ecology and landscape use: a case study in Goyet and Scladina cave (30-40,000 years BP)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two Belgian caves yielded very rich large mammal associations dating around 30 to 40,000 years ago: Goyet and Scladina cave (layer 1A). These sites are only 5 km apart but the cave entrances open on different valleys, in a quite diverse landscape ranging between open, unprotected uplands, steep cliffs and sheltered sun-exposed gorges, with the larger Meuse valley nearby. This mosaic scenery permitted during the Last Glacial a rich diversity of fossil flora and fauna. The faunal association includes a large diversity of taxa including Aurochs Bos primigenius, steppe bison Bison priscus, reindeer Rangifer tarandus, giant deer Megaloceros giganteus, horse Equus ferus, woolly rhinoceros Coelodonta antiquitatis, woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius, cave bear Ursus spelaeus, brown bear Ursus arctos, wolf Canis lupus, cave lion Panthera leo spelaea, and cave hyaena Crocuta crocuta spelaea. All the 90 studied bones and teeth yielded collagen with excellent collagen preservation, allowing reliable investigations of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur isotopic biogeochemistry. The combination of three different isotopic tracers allows to deciphering the effects of food selection and landscape use by different herbivorous and carnivorous taxa. This is the first study to include sulfur isotopic signatures in the study of late Quaternary large mammal palaeobiology. This new tracer yields evidence on mobility and differences in pasture areas, as different geological bedrock may exhibit various sulfur isotopic signatures that will pass on the herbivores and further on their predators. Using this feature in addition to the trophic information provided by carbon and nitrogen isotopic signatures, it appears that for some species present in both sites, such as horse and woolly rhinoceros, the individuals found in each site probably did not use the same pasture areas. This seems to also the case for the overwhelmingly vegetarian cave bears. In addition, individuals from the same species found in one site sometimes exhibit clear isotopic differences in the three isotopic tracers that suggest different pasture grounds as well, and therefore the possibility of different herds in the vicinity of the cave site. In the case of cave hyeanas, the isotopic signatures of individuals from both caves are not significantly different and suggest that these predators obtained their prey from a large territory including the pasture grounds of herbivores from both caves. In addition, direct radiocarbon dating of some of the studied collagen allows to investigating possible chronological trends. This study shows how new isotopic tracers can provide invaluable information on late Quaternary large mammal palaeobiology.

Bocherens, Hervé; Germonpré, Mietje

2010-05-01

325

Eco Audit Bottle Case Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

10 minute excerpt from a web seminar with Mike Ashby (February 2011) describes a case study that can be used to introduce sustainability concepts to introductory level students. Based on Powerpoint lecture unit 12 which can also be found on the Granta Design site at http://teaching.grantadesign.com/open/eco.htm or on MatDL at http://matdl.org/repository/view/matdl:1058.

Ashby, Mike

2011-02-01

326

Urinary amino acid alterations in 3-year-old children with neurodevelopmental effects due to perinatal dioxin exposure in Vietnam: a nested case-control study for neurobiomarker discovery.  

PubMed

In our previous study of 3-year-old children in a dioxin contamination hot spot in Vietnam, the high total dioxin toxic equivalent (TEQ-PCDDs/Fs)-exposed group during the perinatal period displayed lower Bayley III neurodevelopmental scores, whereas the high 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-exposed group displayed increased autistic traits. In autistic children, urinary amino acid profiles have revealed metabolic alterations in the amino acids that serve as neurotransmitters in the developing brain. Therefore, our present study aimed to investigate the use of alterations in urinary amino acid excretion as biomarkers of dioxin exposure-induced neurodevelopmental deficits in highly exposed 3-year-old children in Vietnam. A nested case-control study of urinary analyses was performed for 26 children who were selected from 111 3-year-old children whose perinatal dioxin exposure levels and neurodevelopmental status were examined in follow-up surveys conducted in a dioxin contaminated hot spot. We compared urinary amino acid levels between the following 4 groups: (1) a high TEQ-PCDDs/Fs and high TCDD-exposed group; (2) a high TEQ-PCDDs/Fs but low TCDD-exposed group; (3) a low TEQ-PCDDs/Fs exposed and poorly developed group; and (4) a low TEQ-PCDDs/Fs exposed and well-developed group. Urinary levels of histidine and tryptophan were significantly decreased in the high TEQ-PCDDs/Fs and high TCDD group, as well as in the high TEQ-PCDDs/Fs but low TCDD group, compared with the low TEQ-PCDDs/Fs and well-developed group. However, the ratio of histidine to glycine was significantly lower only in the high TEQ-PCDDs/Fs and high TCDD group. Furthermore, urinary histidine levels and the ratio of histidine to glycine were significantly correlated with neurodevelopmental scores, particularly for language and fine motor skills. These results indicate that urinary histidine is specifically associated with dioxin exposure-induced neurodevelopmental deficits, suggesting that urinary histidine may be a useful marker of dioxin-induced neurodevelopmental deficits and that histaminergic neurotransmission may be an important pathological contributor to dioxin-mediated neurotoxicity. PMID:25584822

Nishijo, Muneko; Tai, Pham The; Anh, Nguyen Thi Nguyet; Nghi, Tran Ngoc; Nakagawa, Hideaki; Van Luong, Hoang; Anh, Tran Hai; Morikawa, Yuko; Waseda, Tomoo; Kido, Teruhiko; Nishijo, Hisao

2015-01-01

327

Pathology Case Study: Left Neck Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which six-year-old girl has neck mass five years after a liver transplant for biliary atresia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Cohen, Lance

328

Pathology Case Study: White Matter Lesions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 22-year-old man, treated years ago for Lyme disease, is showing deep white matter lesions on MRI. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical immunology.

Kelly, Robert

329

Intensive ketamine use for multiple years: A case report.  

PubMed

Ketamine is known within the medical field for its anesthetic properties, yet its unique psychedelic and antidepressant properties are being increasingly recognized. We document the case of a patient with bipolar I disorder and an extensive history of substance dependence who used large doses of ketamine (1-3?g) on a daily basis over a period of 5 years, and described acute antidepressant effects as well as diminished cravings for alcohol. While his use was untenable and ultimately led to an inpatient admission, it is notable that he did not experience a withdrawal syndrome nor did he have any observable cognitive deficits upon cessation of use. Such a unique drug profile suggests that further exploration of its risks and therapeutic potential in treating mood and addiction disorders is warranted. (Am J Addict 2014;XX:1-3). PMID:25318850

Liu, James X; Zerbo, Erin; Ross, Stephen

2014-10-15

330

Intensive ketamine use for multiple years: A case report.  

PubMed

Ketamine is known within the medical field for its anesthetic properties, yet its unique psychedelic and antidepressant properties are being increasingly recognized. We document the case of a patient with bipolar I disorder and an extensive history of substance dependence who used large doses of ketamine (1-3?g) on a daily basis over a period of 5 years, and described acute antidepressant effects as well as diminished cravings for alcohol. While his use was untenable and ultimately led to an inpatient admission, it is notable that he did not experience a withdrawal syndrome nor did he have any observable cognitive deficits upon cessation of use. Such a unique drug profile suggests that further exploration of its risks and therapeutic potential in treating mood and addiction disorders is warranted. (Am J Addict 2015;24:7-9). PMID:25823629

Liu, James X; Zerbo, Erin; Ross, Stephen

2015-01-01

331

Sexual function changes during the 5 years after high-dose treatment and hematopoietic cell transplantation for malignancy, with case-matched controls at 5 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective study evaluated sexual function through 5 years after myeloabla- tive allogeneic hematopoietic cell trans- plantation (HCT) for cancer to determine sexual function recovery and residual problems. Adults completed measures before HCT (N 161), with survivors fol- lowed at 6 months and at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years.At 5 years case-matched controls also completed assessments. Analyses indicated that

Karen L. Syrjala; Brenda F. Kurland; Janet R. Abrams; Jean E. Sanders; Julia R. Heiman; L. R. Solomon; C. Bossen; T. G. Cachero; A. Tardivel; K. Ingold; L. Willen; M. Dobles; M. L. Scott; A. Maquelin; E. Belnoue; K. M. Elias; A. Laurence; T. S. Davidson; G. Stephens; Y. Kanno; E. M. Shevach; J. J. O'Shea; B. Rabe; A. Chalaris; G. H. Waetzig; D. Seegert; A. S. Williams; S. A. Jones; S. Rose-John; J. Scheller

2008-01-01

332

Giant adrenal cyst: case study  

PubMed Central

One of the rarest situations regarding an adrenal incidentaloma is an adrenal cyst. We present the case of a 61Z–year old male patient diagnosed with peritonitis. During surgery, a right adrenal tumor of 2 cm is discovered. The patient was referred to endocrinology. 6 months later the diameter of the tumor is 7 times bigger than the initial stage. It has no secretory phenotype, except for the small increase of serum aldosterone and the 24–h 17–ketosteroids. Open right adrenalectomy is performed and a cyst of 15 cm is removed. The evolution after surgery is good. The pathological exam reveals an adrenal cyst with calcifications and osteoid metaplasia. The immunohistochemistry showed a positive reaction for CD34 and ACT in the vessels and VIM in the stroma. The adrenal cysts are not frequent and represent a challenge regarding the preoperative diagnostic and surgical procedure of resection. The pathological exam highlights the major aspects. PMID:20945822

Carsote, M; Chirita, P; Terzea, D; Paun, S; Beuran, M

2010-01-01

333

Pathology Case Study: Cervicomedullary Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in learning. This neuropathology case is centered on a 22-month-old female patient with a history of posterior neck discomfort, episodic crying, scratching, and hard coughing. MRI images of the patient along with the patient's history and microscopic descriptions allow readers to test their diagnostic skills and develop an understanding of the patient's condition. The "Final Diagnosis" section contains the official conclusions of the patient's condition. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Hamilton, Ronald

334

Head Start Impact Study: First Year Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Congressionally-mandated Head Start Impact Study is being conducted across 84 nationally representative grantee/delegate agencies. Approximately 5,000 newly entering 3- and 4-year-old children applying for Head Start were randomly assigned to either a Head Start group that had access to Head Start program services or to a non-Head Start group…

Puma, Michael; Bell, Stephen; Cook, Ronna; Heid, Camilla; Lopez, Michael

2005-01-01

335

Good Practice case studies New Forest District  

E-print Network

Good Practice case studies MOSAIC New Forest District 1. Protected Characteristic category Race://www.mosaicnationalparks.org/ 1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 visits to key FC recreational

336

Good Practice case studies Interpreted practical  

E-print Network

Good Practice case studies Interpreted practical conservation Sherwood Forest District 1. Protected wellbeing. It is hoped 1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 the group

337

Case study research: design and methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin's bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25\\\\% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative

Robert K. Yin; M S Sridhar

2009-01-01

338

The Case: Generalisation, Theory and Phronesis in Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments for the value of case study are vitiated by assumptions about the need for generalisation in the warrant of social scientific inquiry--and little generalisation is legitimate from case study, although an argument exists for the role of the case in the establishment of a form of generalisation in a certain kind of theory, a line of…

Thomas, Gary

2011-01-01

339

Case Study: A Case of Seasonal Affective Disorder  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with seasonal affective disorder (retina, pineal gland, melatonin). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2004-10-29

340

Case Study: An Unusual Case of Animal Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in biology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with reproductive biology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Joann B Powell (Clark Atlanta University Biological Sciences)

2011-12-08

341

Case Study: A Case of Spinal Cord Injury  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with spinal cord injury (plegia, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, dermatome, stretch reflex). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

2005-12-02

342

First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook First-Year English and Cultural Studies  

E-print Network

First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook Department of English & Cultural Studies Contents Checklist for Essay Writing 1 Essay Format 3 Essay Documentation 3 Plagiarism 6 Essay Policies 7 Essay Grading Criteria 7 Who to Contact with Problems 8 English

Haykin, Simon

343

First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook First-Year English and Cultural Studies  

E-print Network

First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook First-Year English and Cultural Studies Handbook Department of English & Cultural Studies 2010-11 Contents Checklist for Essay Writing 1 Essay Format 3 Essay Documentation 3 Plagiarism 6 Essay Policies 7 Essay Grading Criteria 7 Who to Contact with Problems 8 English

Thompson, Michael

344

Pathology Case Study: Right Neck Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case from the collection documents a sixty-five year old female patient with enlarged lymph nodes in the jugular region, and a nodule of the thyroid. The patient's history is presented, as well as the gross and microscopic descriptions of her thyroid and lymph nodes (including images). Images from an electron microscopic examination are also included to aid in diagnosis. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics. Students are encouraged to examine each aspect of the case and test their diagnostic skills against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

Barnes, Leon, 1941-

345

Electronic Messaging Between Primary and Secondary Care : A Four-year Case Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo observe how electronic messaging between a hospital consultant and general practitioners (GPs) in 15 practices about patients suffering from diabetes evolved over a 3-year period after an initial 1-year study.DesignCase report. Electronic messages between a hospital consultant and GPs were counted. The authors determined whether a message sent by the consultant was integrated into the receiving GP's electronic medical

Peter W Moorman; Peter J Branger; Wouter J van der Kam; Johan van der Lei

2001-01-01

346

[A twelve-years-old girl with multiloculated gynandroblastoma CD99 negative: case report].  

PubMed

The ginandroblastoma is an extremely rare ovarian tumor which shows components of granulosa cells and Sertoli/Leydig cells. We describe a case of a twelve-years-old girl who presented abnormal uterine bleeding and progressively growing intraabdominal mass associated with menorrhagia, CA-125 60.4 UI/mL and extension studies reporting cystic mass in the left ovary. She underwent oophorectomy. Pathological study shows a multilocular tumor filled with serous material. Many Call-Exner bodies were observed in the histopathological analysis, 45% of Sertoli/Leydig cells. Immunohistochemistry was reactive for inhibin, calretinin and pCK while AE1/AE3 and CD99 markers were negative. This is the first case report about a multiloculated gynandroblastoma, negative for CD99 in a 12-years-old girl. Thus, the study of this clinical case represents a systematic approach for tumors of the sex cord cells. PMID:24955913

Sierra-Avendańo, Jairo Alonso; García-Pino, Ricardo; Pérez-García, Gabriel Eduardo

2014-08-01

347

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Sinusitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.

Becich, Michael J.

348

Pathology Case Study: Renal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a pediatric pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Christakos, Peter

349

Pathology Case Study: Renal Insufficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chronic renal insufficiency, congestive heart failure, and diarrhea. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

350

Pathology Case Study: Dilated Cardiomyopathy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

DeFrances, Marie C.

351

Pathology Case Study: Pancreatic Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Utah Department of Pathology in which a woman developed jaundice while on vacation. Subsequent testing revealed a pancreatic mass. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of autopsy pathology.

Klatt, Edward C., 1951-

352

Pathology Case Study: Flank Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man noticed a large and painful mass on his right flank. A previous mass had been removed surgically but developed a post- operation fever and related difficulties. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of clinical microbiology.

Ohori, N. Paul

353

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

Hardy, Hunter T.

354

Pathology Case Study: Transfusion Reaction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man with a history of renal failure complained of hemorrhoidal bleeding. Visitors are given charts, test results, transfusion information and patient history, to provide the opportunity for viewers to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transfusion pathology.

Kohler, Lisa J.

355

Pathology Case Study: Metastasizing Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Rao, Uma N. M.

356

Pathology Case Study: Mediastinal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Fowler, Jason C.

357

A 37-year-old spinal cord-injured female patient, transplanted of multipotent stem cells from human UC blood, with improved sensory perception and mobility, both functionally and morphologically: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

HLA-matched UC blood-derived multipotent stem cells were directly transplanted into the injured spinal cord site of a 37-year-old female patient suffering from spinal cord injury (SPI). In this case, human cord blood (UCB)-derived multipotent stem cells improved sensory perception and movement in the SPI patient's hips and thighs within 41 days of cell transplantation. CT and MRI results also showed

K-S Kang; SW Kim; YH Oh; JW Yu; K-Y Kim; C-H Song; H Han

2005-01-01

358

An Examination of the Shared Challenges That Impede Success in the Lives of Single, Multi-Cultural Mothers Enrolled at a Two-Year Community College: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single mothers struggle with balancing life challenges and childcare necessities while attending college. Consequently, students who are single mothers experience psychological distress. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the common, life and resiliency factors shared by single mothers who are students. The study was…

Gibson, Cheryl

2012-01-01

359

Pathology Case Study: Right Adrenal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 27-year-old white male has an unremarkable medical history until being recently diagnosed with hypertension. He then developed bilateral gynecomastia and began experiencing sever right flank pain while working. A sonogram and computerized tomography were performed and the images are available here along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

Finkelstein, Sidney

360

Birth year distribution in reported hepatitis C cases in Switzerland.  

PubMed

Data of the national hepatitis C virus (HCV) notification system and the Swiss hepatitis C cohort study have been analysed for birth year distribution. Persons born between 1955 and 1974 are disproportionally affected by HCV, accounting for 61% of all reported infections. Over the course of the reporting period from 1988 to 2012, the majority of affected persons were born in the mid-60s and a sharply increasing proportion between 1975 and 1984 (from 0.6 to 19.5%). To enhance the so far insufficient HCV detection rates in Switzerland, additional testing strategies such as birth cohort screening must be further evaluated and discussed. PMID:25061230

Bruggmann, Philip; Richard, Jean-Luc

2015-02-01

361

Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in anatomy. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the nervous system. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Patrick Field (Kean University Department of Biological Sciences)

2001-10-01

362

Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the cardiovascular and muscular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Michael Hudecki (University of Buffalo Biological Sciences)

2000-08-31

363

Case Study: Wearing on Her Nerves  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)

2011-05-23

364

Case Study: What Happened to 28 Days?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores female reproductive physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Tamar Goulet (University of Mississippi Biology)

2011-08-29

365

Case Study: Wake-up Call  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the cardiovascular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Lisa Marie Rubin (VA Western New York Health System Formulary Management)

2002-09-16

366

Case Study: What Killed Leah Miller  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores brain anatomy and physiology, hemostasis and blood clotting. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Sheri Boyce (Messiah College Biological Sciences)

2010-03-19

367

Pathology Case Study: Right Upper Quadrant Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a two-year-old white female was seen for a routine well child exam. On physical examination, a right upper quadrant mass was palpable. The case study provides radiologic findings, gross description and microscopic description in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

Dorvault, Christine

368

Rumination Syndrome in Ethiopia: A Case Study  

PubMed Central

Eating disorders are commonly believed to be rare or nonexistent in Africa. However, due to exposure to Western culture, a rise in eating disorders among African women is reported in the literature. This case study describes a 17-year-old Ethiopian girl who meets the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa and the Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders criteria for rumination syndrome. The article discusses the diagnostic delays, the difficulties in terms of therapy, and the context determinants that—combined with individual psychopathological features—are thought to contribute to the disorders. Health professionals should be informed about the prevalence of eating disorders in Africa and, more specifically, of rumination syndrome in young women with normal intelligence. In light of this case study, it seems necessary to raise awareness with regard to the insufficient evidence on effective therapies for rumination syndrome in individuals without intellectual impairment. PMID:25667799

2014-01-01

369

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Mental Status Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a 36-year-old white male had end-stage renal disease due to sclerosing glomerulonephritis. The case study provides radiologic findings, gross neuropathologic findings, and microscopic description in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Martinez, A. Julio (Augusto Julio)

370

Four case studies were selected to examine GHCC GOES-8 Imager and Sounder skin temperature retrievals. The case studies were selected from times throughout the  

E-print Network

CHAPTER IV RESULTS Four case studies were selected to examine GHCC GOES-8 Imager and Sounder skin temperature retrievals. The case studies were selected from times throughout the calendar year to study the relatively clear days from those periods were used for the case studies. The exception is the case study

Haines, Stephanie L.

371

Case Study: A Picture Worth a Thousand Words? Making a Case for Video Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A picture, they say, is worth a thousand words. If a mere picture is worth a thousand words, how much more are "moving pictures" or videos worth? The author poses this not merely as a rhetorical question, but because she wishes to make a case for using videos in the traditional case study method. She recommends four main approaches of…

Pai, Aditi

2014-01-01

372

Pathology Case Study: Retroperitoneal Masses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains two case studies presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology: one in which a man was experiencing increased pain in his left flank over the course of three weeks, and the second one in which a women experiencing persistent right lower quadrant pain shows a retroperitoneal lesion on CT scan. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patients. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Dorvault, Christine

373

STS Case Study Development Support  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Shuttle Case Study Collection (SCSC) has been developed using lessons learned documented by NASA engineers, analysts, and contractors. The SCSC provides educators with a new tool to teach real-world engineering processes with the goal of providing unique educational materials that enhance critical thinking, decision-making and problem-solving skills. During this third phase of the project, responsibilities included: the revision of the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) source code to ensure all pages follow World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) standards, and the addition and edition of website content, including text, documents, and images. Basic HTML knowledge was required, as was basic knowledge of photo editing software, and training to learn how to use NASA's Content Management System for website design. The outcome of this project was its release to the public.

Rosa de Jesus, Dan A.; Johnson, Grace K.

2013-01-01

374

Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Started in 2005, the peer-reviewed, open-access journal Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy (PCSP) provides "innovative, quantitative and qualitative knowledge about psychotherapy process and outcome, for both researchers and practitioners." The publication is sponsored by the Rutgers University Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology, and first-time visitors can get a feel for their work by looking over the table of contents of the current issue on the right-hand side of their homepage. Visitors should also feel free to browse through the archives, register to receive the latest edition of PCSP via email, and also learn about their submission policies. Additionally, visitors can also sign up for their RSS feed and create their own collection of PCSP articles.

375

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies  

E-print Network

1 | Good practice case studies | Equality and Diversity | 14/02/2012 Good Practice case studies Tika Limbu and Kishor Dangol of the Nepalese community #12;Good Practice case studies 2 | Good practice of different faiths and cultures. #12;Good Practice case studies 3 | Good practice case studies | Equality

376

A Multi-Level Case Study Analysis of Campus-Based Male Initiatives Programs and Practices and the Impact of Participation on the Perceptions of First-Year African American Male Community College Students in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the differences in engagement among entering African American male students at two community colleges in the State of Texas. Three research questions provided the foundation for this study: (1) Is there a significant difference in the engagement levels among first-year male community college students by age group, (2) From the…

Dabney-Smith, Valschkia Lisette

2009-01-01

377

A Case Study of a Three-Year Pilot Program on One District's Attempt to Increase the Gifted Identification of Diverse Elementary School Students by Having a Talent Development Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study examined ways elementary school students from diverse populations (minorities and children from low socioeconomic status environments) were included in a talent development program, and determined if that inclusion proved to be beneficial for gifted identification. With intentional regard for the idea of talent development, this…

Franklin, Robin Kesterson

2009-01-01

378

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's  

E-print Network

Better Buildings Case Competition 2014 Stanford participated for the first time this year to The Better Buildings Case Competition's third edition generation in multifamily affordable housing. For this competition organized

Prinz, Friedrich B.

379

Cerebral venous thrombosis: a Moroccan retrospective study of 30 cases  

PubMed Central

Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare origin of stroke, the clinical presentation and etiologies vary. The prognosis is shown to be better than arterial thrombosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and MR Venograpgy (MRV) are currently important tools for the diagnosis. We studied 30 cases of CVT diagnosed in the department of neurology at the University Hospital of Fez (Morocco). Patients diagnosed with CVT signs between January 2003 and October 2007 were included in the study. Cerebral CT-scan was performed in 27 cases (90%) while the MRI examination was done in 18 patients (67%); and most patients (90%) received anticoagulant therapy. The mean age of our patients was of 29 years (age range between 18 days and 65 years). A female predominance was observed (70%). The clinical presentation of patients was dominated by: headache in 24 cases (80%), motor and sensory disability in 15 cases (50%), seizures in 10 cases (33%), consciousness disorder in 10 cases (33%). CVT was associated to post-partum in 10 cases (33%), infectious origin in 8 cases (26%), Behçet disease in 2 cases (7%), pulmonary carcinoma in 1 case, thrombocytemia in 1 case and idiopathic in 7 cases (23%). The evolution was good in 20 cases (67%), minor squelaes were observed in 6 patients (20%), while major squelaes were observed in 2 cases. Two cases of death were registered. The CVT is a pathology of good prognosis once the diagnosis is promptly established and early heparin treatment initiated. PMID:25317229

Souirti, Zouhayr; Messouak, Ouafae; Belahsen, Faouzi

2014-01-01

380

Pathology Case Study: Systemic Lupus Erythematosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 45-year-old woman has a history of proteinuria, skin rash, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and Waldenstromâ??s Macroglobulinemia. Visitors are given the patient history and serum electrophoresis, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical immunology.

Kelly, Robert

381

Pathology Case Study: New Onset Weakness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 32-year-old woman with anorexia nervosa and depression has also developed severe weakness, fatigue, and myalgias for several weeks, and can no longer walk. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Lacomis, David

382

Pathology Case Study: Fatigue and Malaise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 62-year-old man is suffering a four-week history of fatigue and malaise. Visitors are given the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Lyons, Valerie

383

Pathology Case Study: History of Hodgkin's Disease  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 37-year-old man, previously diagnosed with stage III nodular sclerosing Hodgkin's Disease has recently had a brief episode of syncope. Visitors are given the gross descriptions and radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Brown, Henry G.

384

Pathology Case Study: Extremely Labored Breathing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 68-year-old white female with a "history of coronary artery disease, angina, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with marked respiratory distress." Visitors are given admission data along with laboratory workup in order to give them the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical immunology.

Johnson, Douglas R.

385

Pathology Case Study: Nausea, Vomiting and Hydrocephalus  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 9-year-old girl has nausea, vomiting and hydrocephalus. Visitors are given both the radiologic and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Hamilton, Ronald

386

Pathology Case Study: Palpable Breast Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old woman has, over the last two months, noticed a palpable and enlarging breast mass. Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

Flanagan, Melina

387

Pathology Case Study: Left Thyroid Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 66 year old man who presented with a left thyroid mass. Visitors are given patient history, admission data, and gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

Hari, Raj

388

Pathology Case Study: Anterior Cervical Neck Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a head & neck pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55-year-old male has an increasing neck mass with a choking feeling. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology.

Schubert, Eric

389

Pathology Case Study: Left Flank Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of a mildly painful mass in his left flank that had been present for six years. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

Whisnant, Richard

390

Pathology Case Study: Bladder Outlet Obstruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a genitourinary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 84-year-old man has a bladder outlet obstruction. Visitors are given microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Chung, Wen-Wei

391

Pathology Case Study: Hyperglycosuria and Normoglycemia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which man came in with a history of coronary artery disease, presenting with proteinuria of approximately 2-years duration and hyperglycosuria with normoglycemia. Visitors can view microscopic descriptions, including images, and blood tests in order to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of genitourinary pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

392

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Hearing Loss  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman sought help for an progressive eight-year diminished sense of hearing, which developed with vertigo and left-side tinnitus. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of Neuropathology.

Böker, Dieter-Karsten

393

Pathology Case Study: Low Grade Astrocytoma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 16-year-old young man presented with headache, nausea, and vomiting. Visitors are given MRI images from the first and subsequent admissions. In addition, visitors are given microscopic descriptions, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Graupner, Hagen

394

Pathology Case Study: Bleeding Intracerebral Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 44-year-old male presents with a 3-month history of progressive headache and a 2 week history of left-hand clumsiness and mild speech impairment. Visitors are given admission data along with CT imaging and microscopic description with images. Visitors are then given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

395

Pathology Case Study: Repeat Heart Transplantation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 47-year-old woman has developed coronary disease following a heart transplant. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

Richert, Charles A.

396

Pathology Case Study: History of Colonic Adenocarcinoma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man with a history of colonic adenocarcinoma has metastasis to the liver, bladder and rectum. Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Grant, Maurice R.

397

Pathology Case Study: Jaundice and Weight Loss  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 35-year-old man from Thailand has presented to the hospital with "jaundice, fatigue and weight loss of 10 to 15 pounds over the past few months." Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

Bastacky, Sheldon

398

Pathology Case Study: Right Flank Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 74-year-old male smoker presents with a month-long history of right flank pain. Visitors are given both microscopic and gross descriptions, immunohistochemistry, including images, and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

Dhir, Rajiv

399

Pathology Case Study: Seizures and Progressive Dementia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old female has seizures and progressive dementia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Friese, Michael

400

Pathology Case Study: Pineal Gland Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old diabetic woman presents to the hospital a two-week history of confusion, disorientation, and short-term memory loss. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Dezube, Bruce J.

401

Pathology Case Study: Cutaneous Nodules and Ulcers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which presents "a 67 year old white male who underwent orthotopic cardiac transplantation in 1986 for cardiomyopathy." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, and pathological findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

Abernethy, John

402

Pathology Case Study: Large Right Lung Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chest pain after 25 years of smoking. Tests revealed significant problems with the heart and lungs before the man suddenly went into cardiac arrest and died. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students learning autopsy pathology.

Melhem, Mona

403

Pathology Case Study: Girl in Coma  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 15-year-old girl found unresponsive near her bed. Visitors are given patient history, admission data, along with laboratory findings, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

Najjar, Hazim

404

Pathology Case Study: Elevated Ammonia Levels  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 15-year-old boy presents to the hospital with a five-day history of nausea, vomiting, and low-grade fever. Visitors are given the examination and laboratory results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

Chikwava, Kudakwashe

405

Pathology Case Study: Permanent Intravascular Catheter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 33-year-old man diagnosed with Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia has developed a fever following chemotherapy and stem cell transplant. Visitors are given the patient's gram stain, cultures, biochemical profile, and susceptibility, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Baxter, Carla

406

Pathology Case Study: Severe Headache and Fever  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55-year-old male transplant patient is suffering severe headaches. Visitors are given the hospital course record, radiographic and histologic findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology and transplant pathology.

Anhalt, John P.

407

Pathology Case Study: Fever and Hemoptysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 29-year-old woman with chronic myelogenous leukemia has been coughing up blood. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

Geraldino, Nelson

408

Pathology Case Study: Parasites in the Blood  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 58-year-old presents to emergency care with "fever, malaise and bodyache noted after returning from a two-day trip to Brazil." Visitors are given the patient history and hospital course description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology. [ASC

Navina, Sarah

409

Pathology Case Study: Skin Rash and Proteinuria  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 8-year-old boy has a history of skin rash with concurrent hematuria and proteinuria. Visitors are given the microscopic and gross descriptions, immunoflourescent and electron microscopy findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Dickman, Paul S.

410

Pathology Case Study: Hypertension of Unknown Etiology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a sixty-nine year old woman has renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

Dallasta, Linda

411

Pathology Case Study: Right Upper Quadrant Cyst  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 31-year-old pregnant woman was diagnosed with a liver cyst. Visitors are given both the gross and microscopic description and radiology results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

412

Pathology Case Study: Oligoarthritis and Localized Swellings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 75-year-old man has been admitted to the hospital with chest pain radiating to his left arm, elbow, and wrist. Visitors are given the clinical history and radiology findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

Chung, Wen-Wei

413

Pathology Case Study: Multiple Brain Masses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old man has an eight-week history of headaches and has recently developed visual disturbances. Visitors are given the microscopic description, radiology results, and immunohistochemistry, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Medina-Flores, Rafael

414

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Left Proptosis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with gradually increasing protrusion of her left eye over a one-year period. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of neuropathology.

415

Pathology Case Study: Left Supraclavicular Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 62-year-old man presents with a left supraclavicular mass. Visitors are given both the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

Crowley, Rebecca

416

Pathology Case Study: Elevated Tricyclic Antidepressant Levels  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman was found to have "elevated tricyclic antidepressant levels during a routine clinic visit." Visitors are given the physical exam notes, electrocardiography, and laboratory tests, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

Harrison, James

417

Pathology Case Study: New Onset Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 26-year-old nurse is experiencing headaches and seizures. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including neuroimaging results, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Hamilton, Ronald

418

Pathology Case Study: Chronic Myalgias After Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a skeletal muscle pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 48 year old women has chronic myalgias. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in skeletal muscle pathology medicine.

Giuliani, Michael J.

419

Fatal poisonings in Oslo: a one-year observational study  

PubMed Central

Background Acute poisonings are common and are treated at different levels of the health care system. Since most fatal poisonings occur outside hospital, these must be included when studying characteristics of such deaths. The pattern of toxic agents differs between fatal and non-fatal poisonings. By including all poisoning episodes, cause-fatality rates can be calculated. Methods Fatal and non-fatal acute poisonings in subjects aged ?16 years in Oslo (428 198 inhabitants) were included consecutively in an observational multi-centre study including the ambulance services, the Oslo Emergency Ward (outpatient clinic), and hospitals, as well as medico-legal autopsies from 1st April 2003 to 31st March 2004. Characteristics of fatal poisonings were examined, and a comparison of toxic agents was made between fatal and non-fatal acute poisoning. Results In Oslo, during the one-year period studied, 103 subjects aged ?16 years died of acute poisoning. The annual mortality rate was 24 per 100 000. The male-female ratio was 2:1, and the mean age was 44 years (range 19-86 years). In 92 cases (89%), death occurred outside hospital. The main toxic agents were opiates or opioids (65% of cases), followed by ethanol (9%), tricyclic anti-depressants (TCAs) (4%), benzodiazepines (4%), and zopiclone (4%). Seventy-one (69%) were evaluated as accidental deaths and 32 (31%) as suicides. In 70% of all cases, and in 34% of suicides, the deceased was classified as drug or alcohol dependent. When compared with the 2981 non-fatal acute poisonings registered during the study period, the case fatality rate was 3% (95% C.I., 0.03-0.04). Methanol, TCAs, and antihistamines had the highest case fatality rates; 33% (95% C.I., 0.008-0.91), 14% (95% C.I., 0.04-0.33), and 10% (95% C.I., 0.02-0.27), respectively. Conclusions Three per cent of all acute poisonings were fatal, and nine out of ten deaths by acute poisonings occurred outside hospital. Two-thirds were evaluated as accidental deaths. Although case fatality rates were highest for methanol, TCAs, and antihistamines, most deaths were caused by opiates or opioids. PMID:20525396

2010-01-01

420

Gas Cylinders and Safety A Case Study in Chemistry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study, developed for an introductory chemistry course as part of a two-year dental hygiene curriculum, teaches students how to apply gas properties and gas storage identification systems to identify a mishandled or mislabeled gas cylinder.

Melinda Box

2006-01-01

421

NWCC Transmission Case Study III  

SciTech Connect

OAK-B135 Transmission System Improvements for Wind Energy Development in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains: Opportunities and Obstacles. This case study set out to ascertain the validity of three assumptions from the perspectives of stakeholders involved in wind energy and transmission issues in the Upper Midwest and Great Plains. The assumptions, and the stakeholders' reactions to each, are summarized below: Assumption 1--Transmission system improvements would provide significant benefits to the electricity network and its customers. Respondents acknowledge the potential for overall system benefits in the form of reduced line losses, improved grid stability and reliability, and enhanced ability to conduct spot market transactions. They also agree that these benefits relate to specific regional needs. However, there is disagreement over the extent of other benefits such as efficiency gains and cost savings from reduced line losses. Further, environmental and community interest groups point out that none of these benefits are realized without significant financial, environmental and social costs. Assumption 2--The benefits of transmission improvements would be helpful, but not confined, to wind power. All respondents agree that wind energy could benefit from transmission system improvements. But they also acknowledge, reluctantly, in the case of environmental stakeholders, that the benefits of an improved transmission system cannot be limited to environmentally preferable forms of generation. Some environmental and community advocate respondents also feel that transmission system improvement projects can be avoided altogether through energy conservation and efficiency measures, and by substituting wind energy for fossil generation. Assumption 3--Transmission alliances among stakeholders within and external to the wind community can provide benefits in the public interest. The fractured, multi-jurisdictional governance of the regional transmission system, and the distrust and diversity of perspectives among affected stakeholders, may make the formation of multi-stakeholder alliances necessary to accomplishing transmission goals. If the wind industry and utilities want to partner with environmental and community advocate groups in supporting a transmission project, they may have to convince these groups that the project would result in a net environmental benefit. The project proponents would have to make the case that the benefits of the additional wind energy will at least offset the emissions of any additional fossil generation made possible by the transmission project, as well as offset the environmental impact of the transmission project itself.

Terry Allison, Steve Wiese

2000-03-01

422

An Ethics Primer: Case Studies Teaching Background  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to case studies and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of case study methodology that can be used with a wide variety of scenarios.

2008-01-01

423

A 5-year retrospective evaluation of snakebite cases in Hatay, Turkey.  

PubMed

Snakebites are relatively rare medical emergency cases that might lead to serious consequences. This study aims to evaluate snakebite cases in terms of medical follow-up, antivenom therapy and antivenom reactions. Medical records of patients admitted to emergency department between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2010 were retrospectively investigated. Snakebite-related cases of a total of 125 patients were included in the scope of the study. Of the total 125 cases, 54.4% were male and 45.6% were female. Most of cases (n: 65, 52%) were aged over 30 years, while the mean age was 34.87 ± 19.29 years. Snakebite-related applications to the emergency department were mostly seen in June with 27 cases. Upon admitting, all patients were recorded to be conscious and showing good general conditions; however, they suffered from pain and edema at the site of bite. Of all, 25 patients only suffered from bite injury and ecchymosis due to snakebite. The site of bite was upper extremities in 66 patients (52.8%), whereas it was lower extremities in 58 (46.4%). Of all, antivenom was unnecessary in 25 (20%) patients, while four antivenoms were administered to each of the 23 (18.4%) patients. Furthermore, six (4.8%) patients needed nine antivenom administrations for each. Anaphylaxis (n: 2, 1.6%), compartment syndrome (n: 2, 1.6%) and serum sickness (n: 1, 0.8%) encountered in remaining cases. Of all, 86 (68.8%) patients were hospitalized in the emergency department, while 25 (20.0%) patients were followed up by observation in emergency service. Only one patient was treated and followed up in intensive care unit. Implementation of antivenom therapy is considered unnecessary for the treatment of all snakebite cases. Antivenom reactions and number of related cases might be reduced by continuous close monitoring, appropriate prophylaxis and controlled slow infusion administration of medications. PMID:23299192

Karakus, Ali; Zeren, Cem; Celik, M Murat; Arica, Secil; Ozden, Raif; Duru, Mehmet; Tas?n, Veyis

2015-02-01

424

Pathology Case Study: Recent Onset Seizures  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 12-year-old boy presents with a history of headaches, â??and a recent onset of right-sided seizures followed by the loss of consciousnessâ?ť. Visitors are shown CT scan images of the patientâ??s brain, along with microscopic images. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

Biernat, Wojciech

425

Pathology Case Study: Parietal Lobe Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 15-year-old girl admitted to the hospital because of a seizure attack. Images from a CT scan and MRI, and microscopic results provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

Dolenc-Strazar, Zvezdana

426

Pathology Case Study: An Adrenal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This endocrine pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 71-year-old female experiencing â??fainting spellsâ?ť is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of endocrine pathology.

Finkelstein, Sidney

427

Pathology Case Study: Lung and Liver Disease  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. The patient in this case is a 24 year-old man â??admitted for acute worsening of his respiratory status and liver failure.â?ť The patientâ??s history includes end-stage restrictive lung disease and end-stage liver disease. The â??Gross Descriptionâ?ť and â??Microscopic Descriptionâ?ť sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientâ??s diagnosis. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and illness from the contributing doctors.

Johnson, Douglas R.

428

Pathology Case Study: Anterior Mediastinal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This specific case involves the evaluation of a fifty-seven year old female patient with an anterior mediastinal mass. From the patient's history we are aware of family history of Zollinger Ellison syndrome, and gastrinoma. It is also known that the patient has hyperparathyroidism and a 2 cm prolactin secreting pituitary adenoma. Clinical laboratory data, FNA cytology results, gross and microscopic descriptions, and images are all included to aid in the diagnosis. The official diagnosis is also included, which allows students to check their own conclusions. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Nine, Jeff S.

429

Pathology Case Study: Fever, Purpura and Hypotension  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 20 year old male college student is admitted to the emergency room with "general malaise, low-grade fever, and purplish discoloration on his face. Using the information provided, which includes patient and social history, images and descriptions from his physical exam, the hospital course and microscopic images, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical condition. You can check your diagnosis against the official conclusions in the "Final Diagnosis" section. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

Anhalt, John P.

430

Factors Negatively Affecting University Adjustment from the Views of First-Year University Students: The Case of Mersin University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study aims to investigate the most common factors that negatively affect adjustment to university and coping strategies used by first-year university students in the adaptation process from the viewpoint of first-year university students. The participants were 25 first-year university students from various faculties at Mersin…

Sevinç, Seda; Gizir, Cem Ali

2014-01-01

431

Real-Life Case Studies for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case studies described in this book reflect conditions present in today's public schools. Situations described in these case studies are intended to introduce education students to the variety of problems existing in today's schools. The 38 case studies highlight: student cheating; teacher's observation by administrator; inclusion; contract…

Hayes, William

432

Case Study: The Chemistry of Cocaine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's case study focuses on the chemistry of cocaine to teach a number of core concepts in organic chemistry. It also requires that students read and analyze an original research paper on…

Dewprashad, Brahmadeo

2011-01-01

433

The Case Study Approach to Scenario Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scenario planning is a strategic planning method that organizations use to develop flexible long-term plans. The authors, experienced in case study design, development, and method for teaching in an MBA program, used the case study approach to create a scenario planning strategy to analyze a company's product and move the company through its decision-making dilemmas. The case study is a

A. Gregory Stone

2006-01-01

434

Qualitative Case Study in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From case study articles drawn from four journals in gifted education, two are identified as exemplars of qualitative case study research. The works of Coleman (2001) and Hebert and Beardsley (2001) are used to illustrate how researchers can plan qualitative case studies so that the perspectives of gifted students are included. (Contains…

Mendaglio, Sal

2003-01-01

435

Case Studies for Method and Tool Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case studies help industry evaluate the benefits of methods and tools and provide a cost-effective way to ensure that process changes provide the desired results. However, unlike formal experiments and surveys, case studies do not have a well-understood theoretical basis. This article provides guidelines for organizing and analyzing case studies so that they produce meaningful results

Barbara Kitchenham; Lesley Pickard; Shari Lawrence Pfleeger

1995-01-01

436

Pathology Case Study: Flu-Like Symptoms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a "37-year-old white female who was in excellent health until three years prior, when she developed flu-like symptoms." Visitors are given an extensive patient history along with pathologic findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Klionsky, Bernard

437

Pathology Case Study: Post Transfusion Hemolysis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old female with a 20 year history of systemic lupus erythematosis with a history of deep venous thrombosis and a recent myocardial infarct. Visitors are given patient history and admission data along with data results from the resulting transfusion reaction investigation. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

Hari, Raj

438

Pathology Case Study: Large Anterior Abdominal Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 72 year old woman who presents with a three day history of constipation and a five year history of a large anterior abdominal mass in the right lower quadrant. Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, hospital treatment course, and gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

Pushkar, Irina

439

Multifocal Meningioangiomatosis: Case report of a 3 year old patient.  

PubMed Central

Meningioangiomatosis consists of benign hamartomatous lesions of the brain and the leptomeninges, which typically present with seizure. Management is predicated on resection and control of seizures with medication. Lesions are typically solitary. Multifocal meningioangiomatosis is extremely rare, with only 2 cases reported in adults and none in children. The authors report the first case, to their knowledge, of multifocal meningioangiomatosis in a child. This unique case highlights therapeutic challenges associated with these lesions and demonstrates that multifocality is possible in the pediatric population. This finding has implications for diagnosis and follow-up for children afflicted with these tumors. PMID:23020197

Jamil, Osama; Ramkissoon, Shakti; Folkerth, Rebecca; Smith, Edward

2013-01-01

440

Anthrax outbreak in a Swedish beef cattle herd - 1st case in 27 years: Case report  

PubMed Central

After 27 years with no detected cases, an outbreak of anthrax occurred in a beef cattle herd in the south of Sweden. The outbreak was unusual as it occurred in winter, in animals not exposed to meat-and-bone meal, in a non-endemic country. The affected herd consisted of 90 animals, including calves and young stock. The animals were kept in a barn on deep straw bedding and fed only roughage. Seven animals died during 10 days, with no typical previous clinical signs except fever. The carcasses were reportedly normal in appearance, particularly as regards rigor mortis, bleeding and coagulation of the blood. Subsequently, three more animals died and anthrax was suspected at necropsy and confirmed by culture and PCR on blood samples. The isolated strain was susceptible to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and ampicillin. Subtyping by MLVA showed the strain to cluster with isolates in the A lineage of Bacillus anthracis. Environmental samples from the holding were all negative except for two soil samples taken from a spot where infected carcasses had been kept until they were picked up for transport. The most likely source of the infection was concluded to be contaminated roughage, although this could not be substantiated by laboratory analysis. The suspected feed was mixed with soil and dust and originated from fields where flooding occurred the previous year, followed by a dry summer with a very low water level in the river allowing for the harvesting on soil usually not exposed. In the early 1900s, animal carcasses are said to have been dumped in this river during anthrax outbreaks and it is most likely that some anthrax spores could remain in the area. The case indicates that untypical cases in non-endemic areas may be missed to a larger extent than previously thought. Field tests allowing a preliminary risk assessment of animal carcasses would be helpful for increased sensitivity of detection and prevention of further exposure to the causative agent. PMID:20122147

2010-01-01

441

Concentrated photovoltaics, a case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concentrated Photovoltaics (CPV), once a niche technology, has now reached the maturity and reliability for large scale power generation. Especially in regions where temperatures are very high, the use of high efficiency triple junction solar cells with concentrating optics allows stable energy yield. Thus CPV can be seen as complementary and not in concurrence with silicon photovoltaics. The state of the art, the advantages and limitations of this technology will be shown. Among the main advantages of CPV is the possibility of a much higher energy supply, when compared to silicon photovoltaics, both comparing CPV and silicon with same area or the same installed power. The use of recycled and recyclable materials allows a more environmentally friendly production. The possibility to couple CPV with desalination facilities, energy storage will be analysed. As an example a case study of a CPV installation in Northern Italy is discussed. Here the use of mature technologies, derived from automotive and lighting sectors resulted in a simple and efficient module.

Antonini, Piergiorgio; Centro, Sandro; Golfetto, Stelvio; Saccŕ, Alessandro

2014-12-01

442

(Buffalo Grove, IL). A case study authored by Alain M.J. Desaulniers credits regular chiropractic care with helping a 46-year old man overcome his major depression and increase his quality of life  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 15 million American adults are diagnosed with mood disorders every year, which include major depression, Dysthymia and Bipolar Disorder. The disease is usually treated with antidepressants, according to the study, but the quality of life of people who are clinically depressed is subdued by the medications' many unwanted side effects.

Gregg Stern

443

Breaking the Glass Ceiling in Oklahoma Higher Education: A Case Study of Kate Galt Zaneis, the First Woman President of a Public Four-Year College or University in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Women's leadership within higher education continues to be the focus of research and essays. A look into the lives of past women leaders in higher education can provide a potential "road-map" for aspiring women to follow as they develop their leadership style to aid in their upward mobility. The study of the first woman to lead a public four-year

Smarr, Debbie L.

2011-01-01

444

Municipal water supply project analysis: case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents: General case studies; Sector studies, master plans and demand forecasting; Discounting and its applications; Accounting and finance; Water rate structures and pricing; Economic analysis; Project management.

F. H. Jr Lamson-Scribner; J. W. Huang

1977-01-01

445

The Case Study: An Open or Shut Case? Contrasting Approaches to Case Study Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The hallmark of an open-ended case study is the possibility of multiple outcomes to the problem at hand. This adds to its realism, provokes higher-order thought, and attracts many instructors to case analysis. Yet, there are circumstances in which a closed-ended approach, having a single correct answer, may be preferred. This article weighs the advantages and disadvantages of both approaches.

Leslie M. Nesbitt

2005-01-01

446

Pathology Case Study: Acute Renal Failure  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 71-year-old man was admitted with â??acute renal failure with heavy proteinuria following a several month history of ill-defined renal diseaseâ?ť. The patientâ??s detailed history, which includes creatinine and urine protein levels is found in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. The following tests were performed on the patient: renal core biopsies, bone marrow biopsy, renal ultrasonography, and an abdominal CT scan. Those test results are all included in the case study to aid in your understanding of the patientâ??s diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official final diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of renal pathology.

Johnson, Douglas R.

447

Demystifying Instructional Innovation: The Case of Teaching with Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues emerging from instructional innovation are inevitable, yet basing any curriculum shift on a theoretical framework is paramount. This paper grounds the case-based pedagogy in three learning theories: behaviorism, cognitivism, and constructivism. The three theories are described and situated in relation to the case study method. An…

Kantar, Lina D.

2013-01-01

448

Case Report: Homicide by a 10YearOld Girl with Autistic Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case study presents a 10-year-old girl with a diagnosis of Autistic Disorder, who killed her 6-month-old sister by throwing her out of a window. Her aggressive–impulsive behavior had a persistent pattern. She had a history of epilepsy, and was frequently exposed to physical abuse. She never attended a structured treatment program. Here, we discuss the possible risk factors including

Nahit Motavalli Mukaddes; Zerrin Topcu

2006-01-01

449

Reflection on Four Multisite Evaluation Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What do the findings of four National Science Foundation evaluation case studies suggest to an evaluation scholar who was not part of the research team that created them? This chapter carefully reviews the cases and summarizes their comparative findings. The four Beyond Use case studies add to the literature on levels of evaluation use, with the…

Brandon, Paul R.

2011-01-01

450

Five years MIQE guidelines: the case of the Arabian countries.  

PubMed

The quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) has become a key molecular enabling technology with an immense range of research, clinical, forensic as well as diagnostic applications. Its relatively moderate instrumentation and reagent requirements have led to its adoption by numerous laboratories, including those located in the Arabian world, where qPCR, which targets DNA, and reverse transcription qPCR (RT-qPCR), which targets RNA, are widely used for region-specific biotechnology, agricultural and human genetic studies. However, it has become increasingly apparent that there are significant problems with both the quality of qPCR-based data as well as the transparency of reporting. This realisation led to the publication of the Minimum Information for Publication of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Experiments (MIQE) guidelines in 2009 and their more widespread adoption in the last couple of years. An analysis of the performance of biomedical research in the Arabian world between 2001-2005 suggests that the Arabian world is producing fewer biomedical publications of lower quality than other Middle Eastern countries. Hence we have analysed specifically the quality of RT-qPCR-based peer-reviewed papers published since 2009 from Arabian researchers using a bespoke iOS/Android app developed by one of the authors. Our results show that compliance with 15 essential MIQE criteria was low (median of 40%, range 0-93%) and few details on RNA quality controls (22% compliance), assays design (12%), RT strategies (32%), amplification efficiencies (30%) and the normalisation process (3%). These data indicate that one of the reasons for the poor performance of Arabian world biomedical research may be the low standard of any supporting qPCR experiments and identify which aspects of qPCR experiments require significant improvements. PMID:24505456

Abdel Nour, Afif M; Azhar, Esam; Damanhouri, Ghazi; Bustin, Stephen A

2014-01-01

451

Case Study: Anyone Who Had a Heart  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for undergraduate students in animal physiology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with the cardiovascular system (fetal and adult). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

2004-12-04

452

Case Study: A Spill at Parsenn Bowl  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with thermoregulation, inflammation and structures of the knee. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

PhD Elaine S Chapman (Illinois College Biology)

2005-12-02

453

Plasma advanced glycation end products are associated with incident cardiovascular events in individuals with type 2 diabetes: a case-cohort study with a median follow-up of 10 years (EPIC-NL).  

PubMed

Experimental data suggest a role for advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, epidemiological evidence of an association between high plasma AGEs and increased cardiovascular risk remains inconclusive. Therefore, in a case-cohort study comprising 134 cardiovascular case subjects and a random subcohort of 218 individuals (including 65 cardiovascular case subjects), all with T2DM and nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition in the Netherlands (EPIC-NL) study, plasma levels of protein-bound N?-(carboxymethyl)lysine, N?-(carboxyethyl)lysine, and pentosidine were measured with liquid chromatography. AGEs were loge-transformed, combined in a z-score, and the association with incident cardiovascular events was analyzed with Cox proportional hazard regression, adapted for case-cohort design (Prentice method). After multivariable adjustment (sex, age, cohort status, diabetes duration, total cholesterol to HDL-cholesterol ratio, smoking, systolic blood pressure, BMI, blood pressure-, cholesterol- and glucose-lowering treatment, prior cardiovascular events, and triglycerides), higher plasma AGE z-scores were associated with higher risk of incident cardiovascular events in individuals without prior cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 1.31 [95% CI: 1.06-1.61]). A similar trend was observed in individuals with prior cardiovascular events (1.37 [0.63-2.98]). In conclusion, high plasma AGEs were associated with incident cardiovascular events in individuals with T2DM. These results underline the potential importance of AGEs in development of CVD. PMID:24848072

Hanssen, Nordin M J; Beulens, Joline W J; van Dieren, Susan; Scheijen, Jean L J M; van der A, Daphne L; Spijkerman, Annemieke M W; van der Schouw, Yvonne T; Stehouwer, Coen D A; Schalkwijk, Casper G

2015-01-01

454

Jane: A Case Study in Anorexia Nervosa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reports the case history of a 15-year-old Australian girl with anorexia nervosa. Information is also given on prevalence, causes, definitions, and treatments including hospitalization, co-therapy, psychotherapy, behavior modification, family therapy, and counseling. (DB)

Willingham, Barbara

1988-01-01

455

Self-Instructional Training: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses self-instructional training used as a cognitive restructuring strategy which has been a successful intervention strategy with elementary school-aged children. Provides case illustration of the strategy used with a withdrawn 14-year-old-girl. (ABL)

Groenewold, G. Frank; Der, Du-Fay

1987-01-01

456

Due Process Hearing Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

William is 9 years of age, residing with his parent within the boundaries of an unnamed district ("the District"). As a student with autism he is eligible for special education programming and services. There was one issue presented for this due process hearing: What was the appropriate program and placement for him for the 2008-2009 school year?…

Bateman, David F.

2009-01-01

457

[Myocardial infarction in a 27-year-old woman--five years follow-up. A case report].  

PubMed

A case of a 27-year-old female, who developed acute myocardial infarction is presented. The first ECG revealed T-waves changes. Coronary angiography revealed a critical stenosis of the left descending coronary artery and a successful angioplasty was performed. A five-year follow-up was uneventful. PMID:19784889

Kucharczyk-Foltyn, Aneta; Janion, Marianna; Dymek, Maciej

2009-08-01

458

Duration of effectiveness of pertussis vaccine: evidence from a 10 year community study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 10 year study of whooping cough in a discrete general practice community was performed to assess longitudinally the efficacy of pertussis vaccine from one to seven years after immunisation. Of the 436 cases of whooping cough over 10 years, 326 occurred in children aged 1-7 years. The rate of immunisation was known for each cohort of children born during

Douglas Jenkinson

1988-01-01

459

Pathology Case Study: Arthralgia and Myalgia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 35-year-old woman with a history of arthralgia, Raynaud's phenomenon and myalgia is treated for progressive weakness, shortness of breath and a dry cough. Detailed observations examinations are available along with X-ray images and gross and microscopic descriptions of the patientâ??s condition. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť link will take you to the patientâ??s official diagnosis and notes from the contributing doctors. Students in the health sciences will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

Chung, Wen-Wei

460

French brain tumor database: 5-year histological results on 25 756 cases.  

PubMed

This work aimed to prospectively record all primary central nervous system tumor (PCNST) cases in France, for which histological diagnosis is available. The objectives were to (i) create a national registry and a network to perform epidemiological studies; (ii) implement clinical and basic research protocols; and (iii) harmonize the health care of patients affected by PCNST. For 5 years, 25?756 cases of newly diagnosed and histologically confirmed PCNST have been recorded. Histological diagnoses included glioma (48.9%), all other neuroepithelial tumors (5%), meningioma (28.8%), nerve sheath tumors (8.4%), lymphoma (3.2%) and others (5.7%). Cryopreservation was reported for 6018 PCNST specimens. Tumor resections (R) were performed in 78% cases, while biopsies accounted for 22%. Median age (MA), sex, percentage R and number of cryopreserved tumors were detailed for each histology; for example, out of 6053 glioblastomas (MA 63 years, male 59.4%, R 62%, 1611 were cryopreserved), and out of 37 atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (MA 2 years, male 56.8%, R 94%, 17 were cryopreserved). This database or databank dedicated to PCNST cases contains detailed data on clinical, histological and other characteristics, such as the inclusion of data on cryopreserved specimens that are not available in other European registries. Therefore, this is a valuable resource that can be used for planning future epidemiological and clinical research. PMID:21554472

Rigau, Valérie; Zouaoui, Sonia; Mathieu-Daudé, Hélčne; Darlix, Amélie; Maran, Aurélie; Trétarre, Brigitte; Bessaoud, Faiza; Bauchet, Fabienne; Attaoua, Redha; Fabbro-Peray, Pascale; Fabbro, Michel; Kerr, Christine; Taillandier, Luc; Duffau, Hugues; Figarella-Branger, Dominique; Costes, Valérie; Bauchet, Luc

2011-11-01

461

Case Study: Camptocormia, a Rare Conversion Disorder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Camptocormia is a condition characterized by severe frontal flexion of the spinal cord and knees, with passive drooping of both arms. It occurs as a form of conversion disorder. Some cases are associated with behavioral problems. A case of camptocormia of 2-year duration in a south Indian adolescent girl with oppositional defiant disorder and…

Rajmohan, Velayudhan; Thomas, Biju; Sreekumar, Kumaran

2004-01-01

462

Lymphangioma tonsil—Rare case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eight year-old boy reported to ENT, OPD with a large swelling in the oral cavity arising from his left tonsil. The mass was\\u000a excised by transoral approach and histopathological examination proved to be a case of lymphangioma tonsil. This case is reported\\u000a for its rarity.

Orina Raha; Vikram Singh; Prabhati Purkayastha

2005-01-01

463

Racism in the Classroom: Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents 20 cases that address racism in one form or another. Many of the cases are from actual experience. They are intended to bring out actual or possible solutions so that student teachers, novice teachers, and seasoned teachers can find ideas for solving racist problems in their classrooms. The first part focuses on the early years,…

Duhon, Gwendolyn M.

464

Case-control study of late onset "probable Alzheimer's disease".  

PubMed

A case-control study was conducted on 64 cases of "probable Alzheimer's disease" with late onset of illness (after age 70 years) and 64 controls matched by age (+/- 3 years), race, and sex. Information was obtained on birth order, lifetime medical and surgical history, personal characteristics, exposure to toxins and animals, and a family history of various illnesses. None of the variables studied, including family history of dementia, reached statistical significance. An antecedent history of head trauma with loss of consciousness, though not statistically significant, was more frequently found in cases than in controls. PMID:3614650

Chandra, V; Philipose, V; Bell, P A; Lazaroff, A; Schoenberg, B S

1987-08-01

465

Hypnotic Dream Therapy with a Borderline Schizophrenic: A Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a case study of a borderline schizophrenic patient (whom I will call Roy) who had made little progress with traditional insight-oriented therapy and who subsequently achieved significant therapeutic growth with auto-hypnosis. After two years of minimal progress with traditional therapy, I treated him for approximately one year utilizing intensive hypnotic dream work. In weekly therapy sessions he discussed

Joan Scagnelli

1977-01-01

466

Implementation of the Chelsea School Project: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study was done of the Boston University management and operation of the Chelsea (Massachusetts) school system including perceptions of key participants and outcomes of the first year of the partnership. Despite unanticipated levels of hostility between various groups and slow funding, which slowed some first year objectives, the project…

Pelavin, Diane; And Others

467

Home Start Evaluation Study. Interim Case Studies IIb.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The eight interim case study summaries included in this booklet are part of "Report II" of the "Home Start Evaluation Study." Each case study was developed after field visits to each of the demonstration programs by case study workers from the evaluation agencies. The summaries are divided into six areas: (1) a statistical description of the…

High/Scope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI.

468

Increasing tendency in caustic esophageal burns and long-term polytetraflourethylene stenting in severe cases: 10 years experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, lye products have come into common household use in Turkey. Unfortunately, we have noted more cases of serious corrosive esophagitis owing to accidental caustic agent ingestion. The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate our experience with these cases and (2) investigate the effects of long-term intraesophageal polytetraflourethylene stenting on esophageal remodeling and its impact upon

Cuneyt Atabek; Ilhami Surer; Suzi Demirbag; Bahadir Caliskan; Haluk Ozturk; Salih Cetinkursun

2007-01-01

469

Case Studies for Management Development in Bangladesh.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight case studies appropriate for use in a course in management development were prepared and are provided in this document. The typical case describes a real business situation in which a real manager had to reach a decision. The case gives quantitative and qualitative information that is, or may be, relevant to that decision. Questions for…

McLean, Gary N.

470

Using Case Studies to Teach Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case study teaching has gained a strong foothold in science education. The author discusses: (1) variations on methodology, from whole class discussion to the jigsaw approach; (2) an increase in educational resources on the topic; (3) over a thousand studies that show improved learning when case studies are used; and (4) a survey that illustrates…

Herreid, Clyde Freeman

2005-01-01

471

Pathology Case Study: Substernal Chest Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology featuring a 49-year-old married white male school teacher was a 2 pack/day smoker with a history of diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and obesity, and a family history of coronary artery disease. He was awakened from his sleep at 03:00 with crushing substernal chest pain which radiated to his left arm and was accompanied by shortness of breath. This case study provides learning objectives along with autopsy findings both gross and microscopic in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

Nichols, Larry

472

Domestic product failures – Case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year in the UK more than 4000 people die in accidents in and around the home and nearly three million turn up at accident and emergency departments seeking treatment. Intrinsic in this number are many incidents of injury or death directly attributable to poor product design or manufacture of domestic products. In and around the home, commodities that dominate

C. Gagg

2005-01-01

473

Case Study: Online Banking Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

A description of attack scenarios over a two-year period illustrates several key security issues with Internet banking systems in Norway. Given the banks' security-by-obscurity policy, online customers knew little about security levels and falsely believed their assets were safe

Kjell Jřrgen Hole; Vebjřrn Moen; Thomas Tjřstheim

2006-01-01

474

A Qualitative Study of Tribal Colleges and Universities that Have Transitioned: From Two-Year Associate Degree Granting Institutions to Targeted Four-Year Bachelor Degree Granting Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to analyze how tribal colleges and Universities have transitioned from two-year associate degree granting institutions to offering four-year bachelor degree granting institutions. This case study includes three tribal colleges: Sitting Bull College, Salish Kootenai College and Turtle Mountain…

Chandler, Lynette

2010-01-01

475

Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Bloating and Discomfort  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 64-year-old woman initially diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia. Visitors are given an extensive patient history, radiology findings, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient using the findings before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.

Dunn, Jean

476

Pathology Case Study: Enlarged Axillary Lymph Node  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 73 year old female who had a history of thyroidectomy for benign nodules who presented with a lump in her thyroidectomy scar. Visitors are given a patient history, microscopic description, and immunohistochemistry, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopatholgy.

Contis, Lydia C.

477

Pathology Case Study: Progressive Shortness of Breath  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 67-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea and cough for 8 months and new onset chest pain. Visitors are given patient history, immunohistochemistry, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

Gregorio, Remigio

478

Pathology Case Study: Destructive Palate Lesion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which examines " a 46-year-old HIV-positive man with a history of substance abuse who presented with a destructive palate lesion that eroded into nasal cavity and maxillary sinus." Visitors are given microscopic description, including images, as well as immunohistochemistry and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

Dacic, Sanja

479

Pathology Case Study: Severe Abdominal Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 16 year old boy returns after a diagnosis of presumptive gastroenteritis. During his return visit he complained of unremitting severe sharp, crampy pain in the lower abdomen, with occasional radiation in the back. Visitors are given admission data, surgical notes, gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

Davie, James

480

Pathology Case Study: Neck and Back Pain  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 28-year-old female who, after a car accident, complained of a sharp pain of the anterior and posterior base of the neck on expiration and with exertion. Visitors are given patient history, radiology results, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology.

Benjamin, Vallo

481

Case Studies in Primary Health Care  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health has participated in the OpenCourseWare program for a number of years, and this course is one of their most recent offerings. Created by Henry Taylor and Henry Perry, these course materials introduce "students to the origins, concepts, and development of community-based primary health care through case studies from both developing and developed countries." On this course site, visitors can read through the syllabus, examine the course schedule, and look over the lecture materials. In the lecture materials area, visitors will find lecture slides and their corresponding audio files. Some of the topics covered here include the roots of community-based primary health care and women's empowerment in Afghanistan. Finally, visitors can check out some of the course readings, which are offered in the pdf format.

Perry, Henry

2011-01-01

482

Pathology Case Study: Dementia with Motor Dysfunction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which a "77-year-old Hispanic-American man with a history of alcoholism and hepatitis C infection suffered severe bouts of recurrent hepatic encephalopathy." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

Spencer, David C.

483

Pathology Case Study: Cystic Intracerebral Tumor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 21-year-old man experienced an episode of seizures. The patientâ??s medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. Results from a cranial MRI along with microscopic description and images from a frontal lobectomy are provided here to help aid in understanding the diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section contains the attending doctorâ??s final diagnosis of the patient with commentary, and a detailed pathology. References are also included in this section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

Arora, R.

484

Pathology Case Study: Enlarging Right Parotid Mass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 35-year-old man with no significant past medical history who developed a firm mass below the right ear over the past several months. Visitors are given patient history, radiology findings, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology.

Lopes, M. Beatriz S.

485

Pathology Case Study: Diarrhea and Urinary Frequency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 42-year-old African male who presented to the emergency department with "intermittent fevers, up to 104 degrees, occasional chills, night sweats and rigors, periods of diarrhea, dysuria, and generalized malaise." Visitors are given patient history, admission and laboratory data, along with radiology, microscopic, and microbiological findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

Pasculle, A. William

486

Composites in manufacturing - Case studies  

SciTech Connect

The papers presented in this volume focus on 19 cases of applied technology in composites design and manufacturing, all of them dealing with specific products. Topics covered include design using composite in aerospace, innovative materials and processing, tooling, fasteners and adhesives, finishing, repair, specialty applications of composites, and applications in the automotive industry. Papers are presented on the filament winding of isogrid fuselage structures; design and use of aramid fiber in aircraft structures; resin transfer molding of a complex composite aircraft structure; and field repair of an advanced helicopter vertical fin structure.

Strong, A.B. (Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States))

1991-01-01

487

[Thyroid nodule. Study of 88 cases].  

PubMed

We present a prospective study of 88 patients with thyroid nodules seen in our institution in 1985-86 and the results of a 5 year follow up. The algorithm for resolution among different therapeutic options was established in regard to the clinical characteristics, imaging and particularly the histopathologic studies. Their age ranged from 18 to 79 years; 94% of the patients were females. Most of the nodules were solid (69%) and measured 1-4 cm in diameter. The image of 62% of the thyroid scans was of a non-functioning nodule and 13% were hyperfunctioning. In 80% the ultrasonographic pattern was solid or mixed. Surgery was undertaken in 19 patients (21%). In 58%, a diagnosis of malignancy was established. The biopsy (aspiration and tru-cut) suggested the presence of the malignant tumors when taken together in 90% of the cases. Hormonal treatment was given to 62 patients; in 40-45% of them there was a significant reduction in the size of the nodule. Aspiration and sclerosis of cystic nodules were performed in 19 patients with significant shrinkage in 82%. Radioactive iodine was used in 11 patients. Our algorithm reduces costs and precludes unnecessary morbidity in patients with thyroid nodules. PMID:8484067

González Trevińo, O; Bolańos Gil, F; Lerman Garber, I; García-Rubí, E; Maisterrena Fernández, J A

1993-01-01

488

National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the primary goals of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science is to develop and maintain a nationally accessible refereed collection of exemplary case studies in all areas of science for use at the undergraduate, graduate, and high school level. We have been working toward this goal for over 10 years and our collection of more than 380 peer-reviewed cases has become the centerpiece of our website. The cases in our collection are written by science faculty primarily from the U.S. and Canada, although our authors also hail from Sweden, Egypt, and Australia. Cases on our site are published after undergoing a rigorous process of peer review and revision. All of them have teaching notes. Many also have answer keys, which are password protected. Copyright for these materials is held by the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science. They may be used by teachers subject to our usage guidelines.

National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science (University at Buffalo)

2012-01-04

489

Vasovagal Syncope Case Study/Laboratory Supplement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study emphasizing neural control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to be completed during an undergraduate anatomy and physiology laboratory period on the study of blood pressure and hemodynamics. This case study involves guided student exploration in understanding of the autonomic nervous system, heart rate, total peripheral resistance, cardiac output, blood pressure, and autoregulatory range. This study also includes an optional section on cardiovascular responses in pregnancy.

PhD Jan Foster (North Greenville University Biology)

2012-05-01

490

Case studies in conservation science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The research presented in this dissertation covers three separate topics of conservation as defined by the National Science Foundation: 1) Materials Stabilization, Strengthening, Monitoring, and Repair; 2. Understanding Material Degradation and Aging; and 3) Materials and Structural Characterization of Cultural Heritage Objects (the 'technical study'). The first topic is addressed through a study to assess the consolidant tetraethoxysilane for the stabilization of alum treated wood. Falling under materials degradation studies is a study published in American Museum Novitates to understand how environmental conditions affect the aging of fossil resins from five different deposits. Two separate studies are included in technical study of cultural heritage objects which comprises the third research area of materials characterization. The first is a survey of red dyes used in Chinese paintings from the Ming Dynasty to the Early Republic (1364-1911). The second is a study of the pigments, dyes and binders used in Hawaiian barkcloth (kapa) from the 19th century.

Bisulca, Christina

491

A 12-year study of menarcheal age  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data on menarcheal age were collected on girls admitted to the University College of Swansea over a 12-year period. It appears that the downward trend in menarcheal age ceased in girls born about 1946 (the 1965 student intake) and that an upward swing may have since occurred. This change in the secular trend is not due to the association of

D F Roberts; T C Dann

1975-01-01

492

A 20-Year Study of Mathematics Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monitoring educational changes over many years is problematic when there are differences in curricula, the nature of the variables being measured, and the selection of participants. Rasch measurement techniques provide a procedure that enables each of these issues to be examined. Using archived and specially collected data, tests of numeracy…

Griffin, Patrick; Callingham, Rosemary

2006-01-01

493

Case Studies in Middle Management Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter presents a series of supervision-related case studies of situations that midlevel managers might face. Individuals enrolled in a midlevel management professional development course recommended the topics selected for this chapter. Drawing upon her experience teaching the course, the author selected four case studies that individuals…

White, Lori S.

2011-01-01

494

Implementing Career Academies Schoolwide: Four Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents four case studies illustrating how selected high schools from across the country have implemented the career academy model schoolwide. The case studies profile the career academies of the following schools: (1) Ben Franklin High School (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania); (2) Oak Grove High School (San Jose, California); (3) South…

Stern, David; Dayton, Charles; Lenz, Robert; Tidyman, Susan

495

Case Study: While you were sleeping...  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A case study designed for undergraduate biology majors enrolled in a two semester A&P course on an aspect of respiratory physiology. The case study on Obstructive Sleep Apnea is intended to stimulate critical thinking on the part of the students and to assist students in understanding the role of the chemoreceptors and their influence on the respiratory center in the medulla oblongata.

Ms. Jeannette K Hafey (Springfield College Biology/Chemistry)

2010-05-24

496

A Constructive Controversy Approach to "Case Studies"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of analysis of student responses to a case study titled "Drinks and Dinner," the authors evaluate the pedagogical potential of using constructive controversy case studies to teach about inequality. "Drinks and Dinner" is designed to capture the complexity of social interactions that defy simple solutions to engage students in…

Bird, Sharon R.; Erickson, Karla A.

2010-01-01

497

A Case Study of "Empathetic Teaching Artistry"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case study is one of twenty cases derived from Anderson and Risner's international study of teaching artists in dance, and theatre, which investigated participants' (n=172) artistic and academic preparation in dance, and theatre, initial entry into the teaching artist field, rewards, challenges, and obstacles in participants'…

Risner, Doug

2014-01-01