Sample records for year case study

  1. Selective single blastocyst transfer study: 604 cases in 6 years

    PubMed Central

    Sadasivam, Nirmala; Sadasivam, Narayanan M.

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the credibility of single blastocyst transfer (SBT) method in selected group of patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of SBT cases based on computerized data in a private Fertility research centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 604 cases of SBTs, done during June 2000 to June 2006, have been analyzed retrospectively to assess the credibility of the method as a method of choice in selective high fertile group of patients. Women between 28 and 42 years have been included in the retrospective analysis, who had adequate number of eggs for fertilization, between 6 and 12. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Grade I blastocyst transfer resulted in 46.6% of clinical pregnancy and grade II blastocyst transfer resulted in 17.4% of clinical pregnancy rates. Overall pregnancy rate was 64%. Pregnancy loss, as early and late fetal wastages, was 11.06%. PMID:19562057

  2. Internal Revision: Case Studies of First Year College Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wall, Susan V.

    Case studies of six college freshmen enrolled in freshman composition courses that used sequenced assignments addressed to the same topic all term were used to investigate how students define revision, how their teachers define it, and what is important about the differences in these definitions. The students possessed a common theory of revision…

  3. SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management HDFS 44192 Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall below #12;SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management

  4. SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies Case Management

    E-print Network

    Sheridan, Scott

    SUGGESTED THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management Internship in Human Development and Family Studies: Case Management I 3-6 Offered in fall only; fulfills THREE-YEAR GRADUATION PLAN Human Development and Family Studies ­Case Management for Individuals

  5. 30 years of ergonomics at 3M: a case study.

    PubMed

    Larson, N; Wick, H

    2012-01-01

    The added value of the Ergonomics Program at 3M was found to be improved employee safety, compliance with regulations and reduction of work-related illness, increases in productivity, and quality and operating efficiency. This paper describes the thirty years of existence of this program. For the first twenty years, the program objectives were to: respond to requests for assistance related to work-related musculoskeletal disorder (WMSD) concerns, raise employee awareness of MSDs and ergonomics; educate engineers in ergonomics design; and develop ergonomics teams at manufacturing locations. Since the year 2000, 3M's Ergonomics Program has been in transition from a US-centric and corporate-based technical-expertled program to a global program applying participatory ergonomics strategies within a macroergonomics framework. During that transition, the existing program requirements were revised, new methods and program tools were created, and expectations for implementation at the manufacturing locations clarified. This paper focuses on the company's manufacturing ergonomics program activities during the past ten years and includes specifics of the program's objectives, risk assessment reduction process, and ergonomics technical expertise development. The main benefit achieved throughout the company is reducing employee injury while also increasing productivity and operating efficiency. PMID:22317510

  6. Three Years of Intensive Applied Behavior Analysis: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healy, Olive; O'Connor, Jennifer; Leader, Geraldine; Kenny, Neil

    2008-01-01

    A 2 years and 10 months old child receiving an early intensive teaching program using the Comprehensive Application of Behavior Analysis to Schooling (CABAS[R]) was taught using evidence-based teaching strategies and curricula based on existing research in both the applied and basic sciences. Progress was measured using behavioral assessment tools…

  7. Successful Aging in a 70-Year-Old Man with Down Syndrome: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krinsky-McHale, Sharon J.; Devenny, Darlynne A.; Gu, Hong; Jenkins, Edmund C.; Kittler, Phyllis; Murty, Vundavalli V.; Schupf, Nicole; Scotto, Luigi; Tycko, Benjamin; Urv, Tiina K.; Ye, Lingling; Zigman, Warren B.; Silverman, Wayne

    2008-01-01

    The authors present a case study of a 70-year-old man with Down syndrome ("Mr. C.") who they followed for 16 years and who does not exhibit declines in cognitive or functional capacities indicative of dementia, despite having well-documented, complete trisomy 21. The authors describe the age-associated changes that occurred over 16 years as well…

  8. Science of Materials: A Case Study of Intentional Teaching in the Early Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackling, Mark; Barratt-Pugh, Caroline

    2012-01-01

    Australia's Early Years Learning Framework and leading international researchers argue for more intentional and purposeful teaching of science in the early years. This case study of exemplary practice illustrates intentional teaching of science materials which opened-up learning opportunities in literacy and number. Student-led hands-on…

  9. Pathology Case Study: A 25-Year-Old Female with a Liver Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    Eric Schubert, MD contributed this case to the online case studies collection at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. In this case, images of a liver mass in a 25-year-old woman are presented for diagnosis. Students can use the gross and microscopic images and information provided to test their diagnostic skills. The official conclusion is provided in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

  10. Pathology Case Study: A 41-Year-Old Female with Liver Failure

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richert, Charles A.

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 41-year-old female has been diagnosed with a Tylenol overdose and liver failure. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

  11. The Asset-Burden Paradox of Giftedness: A 15-Year Phenomenological, Longitudinal Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Jean Sunde

    2012-01-01

    A 15-year phenomenological case study of an exceptional female from age 15 through 30 was focused on exploring the subjective experience of development during adolescence and young adulthood, with attention to how giftedness and context interacted. The main focus became her response to trauma, which was revealed early in the study. Data, including…

  12. Screencasting for mathematics online learning a case study of a first year

    E-print Network

    Loch, Birgit

    Screencasting for mathematics online learning ­ a case study of a first year Operations Research demonstrates how screencasting is used effectively in online learning. Its objective is to share good practice of online multi-media learning objects and the encouragement of collaborative learning of students

  13. Pearls and Pitfalls in Evaluating a Student Assistance Program: A Five-Year Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilburn, Sharon T.; Wilburn, Kenneth T.; Weaver, Dax M.; Bowles, Kathy

    2007-01-01

    This article presents data from a five-year evaluation-research case study of a large urban schools district's internal Student Assistance Program (SAP). The district employed specially trained and licensed school-based counselors to implement an internal SAP expanded to include tertiary prevention, and modeled after an employee assistance program…

  14. Pathology Case Study: Bladder Mass in a 73-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hakam, Ardeshir

    This case study, from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology, presents information about a 73-year-old male patient. According to the patient's history, he has a "history of invasive papillary transitional cell carcinoma with excessive muscular invasion and angiolymphatic invasion." Both gross and microscopic images of the prostate, bladder, pelvic lymph nodes, and the right and left pelvic ureter are provided in this case. Using these images and the provided patient history, students can test their knowledge of pathology and compare their diagnostic findings with the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Osteolytic Lesion of the Tibia in a 12-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    In this case study from the Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, a 12-year-old male is presented with "an osteolytic lesion of the proximal left tibia." Gross and microscopic images of the bone are provided, and the diagnosis is relayed in the "Final Diagnosis" section. A discussion of the diagnosis, including the pathogenesis and morphology of the disease, is included in the final section.

  16. The Epidemiology and Clinical Spectrum of Melioidosis: 540 Cases from the 20 Year Darwin Prospective Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bart J. Currie; Linda Ward; Allen C. Cheng

    2010-01-01

    BackgroundOver 20 years, from October 1989, the Darwin prospective melioidosis study has documented 540 cases from tropical Australia, providing new insights into epidemiology and the clinical spectrum.Principal FindingsThe principal presentation was pneumonia in 278 (51%), genitourinary infection in 76 (14%), skin infection in 68 (13%), bacteremia without evident focus in 59 (11%), septic arthritis\\/osteomyelitis in 20 (4%) and neurological melioidosis

  17. Pathology Case Study: A 54-Year-Old Man with a Right Cheek Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 54-year-old man has a recurrent neoplasm in his right cheek. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology

  18. Pathology Case Study: A 33-Year-Old Man with a Testicular Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Horn, Kevin D.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 33-year-old morbidly obese man has a testicular lesion. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

  19. Pathology Case Study: Maxillary Cyst in a 36-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has a maxillary cyst. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology.

  20. Pathology Case Study: A 73-Year-Old Jewish Female with Anemia of Unknown Etiology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Goldblatt, Curtis

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 73-year-old Jewish woman has anemia of unknown etiology and a low reticulocyte count. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  1. Pathology Case Study:A 52-Year-Old Male with "Cholelithiasis"

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a gastrointestinal pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 52-year-old female has â??cholelithiasis,â?ť intermittant jaundice, recent pancreatitis and gallbladder polyps. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Renal Tumor in a 44-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richert, Charles A.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 44-year-old male has hypernephroma, left renal tumor. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

  3. Pathology Case Study: 15 Year Old Male With a Left Testicular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    This genitourinary pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 15-year-old male with a left testicular mass is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  4. [Spinal muscular atrophy. A 4-year prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study (168 cases)].

    PubMed

    Barois, Annie; Mayer, Michčle; Desguerre, Isabelle; Chabrol, Brigitte; Berard, Carole; Cuisset, Jean-Marie; Leclair-Richard, Danielle; Visconti-Lougovoy, Jacqueline; Hatton, Françoise; Estournet-Mathiaud, Brigitte

    2005-06-01

    Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterised by motoneuron degeneration in the anterior horn of the spinal cord and in the bulbar nuclei. The various types of SMA are linked to the 5q13 locus in 95 % of cases. In the absence of an effective specific treatment, orthopaedic and respiratory management can significantly improve the prognosis. To study the contemporary natural history of SMA and to identify clinical and non invasive prognostic criteria, 168 patients with SMA were recruited in 6 hospital units (Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Paris) during a 4-year prospective multicenter follow-up study (1998-2002). Follow-up has now lasted at least 4 years in 151 cases (90%), and 24 of these patients have died Disease outcome was appraised by using three criteria: muscle strength, the sum of the motor function and examination index (IFM), the respiratory muscle paralysis index (IMR), and the dorsal decubitus forced vital capacity/theoretical index (ICV/CT). Statistical analysis showed a significant worsening (about 20%) of the three criteria during follow-up. The motor function and examination index (IFM) is particularly interesting: the difference between initial and final status was significant in all age groups and in all three types of the disease. The IFM may thus be useful as the main outcome measure during therapeutic trials. PMID:16433443

  5. What Account of Science Shall We Give? a Case Study of Scientists Teaching First-Year University Subjects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Dorothy V.; Mulhall, Pamela J.; Gunstone, Richard F.; Hart, Christina E.

    2015-01-01

    This article presents a case study of four academic scientists. These academics teach in the first year of a Bachelor of Science degree at a large research-focused Australian university that has demanded and supported a greater focus on undergraduate learning. Taken as a whole, the accounts of science that the first-year academics in this case

  6. Epidemiological, clinical and laboratorial profile of renal amyloidosis: a 12-year retrospective study of 37 cases

    PubMed Central

    da Fonseca, Elissa Oliveira; Filho, Porphirio Jose Soares; da Silva, Licinio Esmeraldo; Caldas, Maria Lucia Ribeiro

    2015-01-01

    Background: Renal amyloidosis is one of the main differential diagnoses in the investigation of nephrotic proteinuria in adults, especially elderly patients. Objectives: The aim of this article is to contribute to international research with epidemiologic data of renal amyloidosis, given the lack of uniformity described in the literature. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of 37 cases of renal amyloidosis diagnosed by kidney biopsy, between 2000 and 2011, considering epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data. Results: Subjects aged between 32 and 80 years. Of the 37 cases, 21 (56.8%) were diagnosed as non-light chain (non-AL) renal amyloidosis and 16 (43.2%) as light chain amyloidosis (AL). There was seen an increase in number of both AL and non-AL cases, with a slight predominance in non-AL. The mean 24-hour proteinuria was 5839.0 mg/day. Hematuria was present in 75% of patients. Hypertension was reported in 34% of patients. Acute renal failure, occurred in about 10% of patients, and chronic loss of renal function was present in about 5% at diagnosis. Conclusions: Renal amyloidosis is a disease of increasing incidence. The forms of clinical presentation proved to be variable, but the presence of proteinuria or nephrotic syndrome in elderly patients should always prompt the suspicion of renal amyloidosis and is a formal indication of renal biopsy. PMID:25657979

  7. Energy-water analysis of the 10-year WECC transmission planning study cases.

    SciTech Connect

    Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Passell, Howard David; Castillo, Cesar; Moreland, Barbara

    2011-11-01

    In 2011 the Department of Energy's Office of Electricity embarked on a comprehensive program to assist our Nation's three primary electric interconnections with long term transmission planning. Given the growing concern over water resources in the western U.S. the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) requested assistance with integrating water resource considerations into their broader electric transmission planning. The result is a project with three overarching objectives: (1) Develop an integrated Energy-Water Decision Support System (DSS) that will enable planners in the Western Interconnection to analyze the potential implications of water stress for transmission and resource planning. (2) Pursue the formulation and development of the Energy-Water DSS through a strongly collaborative process between the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Western Governors Association (WGA), the Western States Water Council (WSWC) and their associated stakeholder teams. (3) Exercise the Energy-Water DSS to investigate water stress implications of the transmission planning scenarios put forward by WECC, WGA, and WSWC. The foundation for the Energy-Water DSS is Sandia National Laboratories Energy-Power-Water Simulation (EPWSim) model (Tidwell et al. 2009). The modeling framework targets the shared needs of energy and water producers, resource managers, regulators, and decision makers at the federal, state and local levels. This framework provides an interactive environment to explore trade-offs, and 'best' alternatives among a broad list of energy/water options and objectives. The decision support framework is formulated in a modular architecture, facilitating tailored analyses over different geographical regions and scales (e.g., state, county, watershed, interconnection). An interactive interface allows direct control of the model and access to real-time results displayed as charts, graphs and maps. The framework currently supports modules for calculating water withdrawal and consumption for current and planned electric power generation; projected water demand from competing use sectors; and, surface and groundwater availability. WECC's long range planning is organized according to two target planning horizons, a 10-year and a 20-year. This study supports WECC in the 10-year planning endeavor. In this case the water implications associated with four of WECC's alternative future study cases (described below) are calculated and reported. In future phases of planning we will work with WECC to craft study cases that aim to reduce the thermoelectric footprint of the interconnection and/or limit production in the most water stressed regions of the West.

  8. Designed for Learning: A Case Study in Rethinking Teaching and Learning for a Large First Year Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldacre, Lisa; Bolt, Susan; Lambiris, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a case study in which the principles of scholarship were applied to designing an approach to learning suitable for large classes. While this case study describes an Australian first year Business Law unit, the findings presented in this paper would be relevant to a wide range of teachers faced with large enrollments in first…

  9. Pathology Case Study: Intermittent Fevers in a 43-Year-Old Black Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dorvault, Christine

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help students and instructors. In this particular study the patient is complaining of intermittent fevers. The case provides test results and data as well as microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis as well as treatment.

  10. 4-Block Scheduling: A Case Study of Data Analysis of One High School After Two Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Snyder, Dave

    This paper describes the 2-year outcomes of one high school's implementation of an intensive 4-block schedule. The study at Angola High School (Indiana) compared schoolwide grade-point averages (GPAs), standardized test scores, attendance data, and disciplinary records to school-baseline data from the 2 years prior to implementation of the block…

  11. Identifying with Science: A Case Study of Two 13-Year-Old "High Achieving Working Class" British Asian Girls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Billy

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides an in-depth, "case study" style analysis of the experiences of two 13-year-old British Asian girls from a larger qualitative study investigating minority ethnic students' aspirations in science. Through the lens of identity as performativity and Bourdieu's notions of "habitus" and capital, the ways in which two girls engage…

  12. Suicide attempts amongst elderly schizophrenia patients: a 10-year case-control study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yoram Barak; Chaim Y. Knobler; Dov Aizenberg

    2004-01-01

    Background: Suicide is frequent amongst the elderly. Schizophrenia is one of the disorders in which suicide attempts and death by suicide are pronounced. However, there is paucity of data regarding suicide attempts by elderly schizophrenia patients. The aim of the present study was to characterize elderly schizophrenia patients who had attempted suicide (AS). Method: Over a 10-year period, all computerized

  13. Learning Interdependence: A Case Study of the International/Intercultural Education of First-Year College Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachner, David J.; Malone, Laurence J.; Snider, Mary C.

    This volume asserts that international and intercultural experiences are powerful vehicles for first-year college students to learn the perspectives and skills necessary to function interdependently in a rapidly changing and complex world. This thesis is developed through an in-depth case study of efforts to provide such learning opportunities in…

  14. Biography of the first year: A case study integrating psychoanalytic, cognitive?developmental and mother?infant systems perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc D. Lewis

    1988-01-01

    A case study of a normal infant's first year of life is interpreted in terms of psychoanalytic, cognitive?developmental and mother?infant systems perspectives. While each of these approaches highlights different aspects of the developmental process, a complementary relationship is established among them on the basis of important conceptual convergences and mutually compatible predictions. After the models themselves are reviewed and compared,

  15. Thermal stress in Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus broodstock: a 28 year case study.

    PubMed

    Jeuthe, H; Brännäs, E; Nilsson, J

    2015-03-01

    Temperature and egg viability data from an Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus hatchery covering a period of 28 years were analysed. During the study period, there was a significant increase in the mean water temperature in May, July, August and September of c. 2° C. Independent of year, the egg viability showed a negative correlation with the mean monthly temperatures in July, August and September as well as with the temperature difference between October and November. The negative effect of high summer temperatures was further supported by a comparison of egg viability from replicate broodstock reared at two sites differing mainly in summer water temperature. The eggs from the colder site were, on average, significantly larger (4·4 mm compared with 4·0 mm) and had higher hatching rates (57% compared with 37%). These results suggest that unfavourable temperature conditions during the summer and autumn can explain much of the excessive egg mortality experienced at the main facility used for the Swedish S. alpinus breeding programme. The main effect was supra-optimal temperatures during the period July to September, but there also appears to have been an effect from the temperature regime before and during spawning (October to November) that was unrelated to the summer temperatures. These findings emphasize the importance of site selection and sustainable management of aquaculture hatcheries in the light of the ongoing climate change. PMID:25683742

  16. Chinese and Australian Year 3 Children's Conceptual Understanding of Science: A Multiple Comparative Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tao, Ying; Oliver, Mary Colette; Venville, Grady Jane

    2012-01-01

    Children have formal science instruction from kindergarten in Australia and from Year 3 in China. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact that different approaches to primary science curricula in China and Australia have on children's conceptual understanding of science. Participants were Year 3 children from three schools of high,…

  17. Chinese and Australian Year 3 Children's Conceptual Understanding of Science: A multiple comparative case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ying Tao; Mary Colette Oliver; Grady Jane Venville

    2012-01-01

    Children have formal science instruction from kindergarten in Australia and from Year 3 in China. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact that different approaches to primary science curricula in China and Australia have on children's conceptual understanding of science. Participants were Year 3 children from three schools of high, medium and low socio-economic status in Hunan

  18. Improving Student Engagement in 3rd Year Condensed Matter Physics: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. F. Wilson; D. J. Goossens

    In 2004, PHYS3032, Condensed Matter Physics (CMP) was a typical third year physics course at the ANU, with an enrolment of 10 students. In 2005 the enrolment doubled to 20 students, and in 2006 a total of 41 students completed the course, the highest of any third year physics course at the ANU. The course is the only solid-state-physics taught

  19. A 5-year study on DNA recovered from fingernail clippings in homicide cases in Milan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Piccinini

    2003-01-01

    In 1996, the collection of fingernail clippings on a routine basis started in cases of homicide from stab wounds at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University of Milan. A total of 179 homicides was observed in the period 1996–2000 and a Court order for the examination of fingernail debris (DNA typing) was issued in 31 of them. The

  20. Looking Beyond the Valley: A Five-Year Case Study of Course Innovation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Gary K.; Wedman, John F.; Folk, Lillian C.

    2001-01-01

    Examined longitudinal changes in student course evaluations throughout the process of implementing information technology-enhanced delivery of a veterinary immunology course. Found that student ratings of almost all aspects of the course and instruction declined significantly during the five-year period of technology implementation and then…

  1. Attitude and CAS Use in Senior Secondary Mathematics: A Case Study of Seven Year 11 Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Scott; Ball, Lynda

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates the possible influence of attitude on seven Year 11 students' use of a Computer Algebra System (CAS) during a class activity where students could choose to use CAS or pen-and-paper in solving a range of problems. Investigation of anxiety, confidence, liking and usefulness through a survey and interview revealed that these…

  2. The Development of Writing Habitus: A Ten-Year Case Study of a Young Writer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Compton-Lilly, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    Peter, an African American writer from a low-income community, is followed across a 10-year period as he progresses from first grade through high school. Drawing on writing samples and interviews, the author identifies a set of interrelated dispositions that contribute to his development of "habitus" as a writer. This article considers…

  3. Neonatal Infection with Neisseria meningitidis: Analysis of a 97-Year Period Plus Case Study

    PubMed Central

    Bülbül, Ali; Cömert, Serdar; Uslu, Sinan; Arslan, Selda; Nuhoglu, Asiye

    2014-01-01

    Neisseria meningitidis is one of the major causes of meningitis in children and adolescents, but it is rarely found during the neonatal period. Here, we describe a neonate with meningococcal sepsis who was admitted to the hospital on postnatal day 10, and we discuss the clinical features of neonatal infection with N. meningitidis in relation to the literature (analysis of a 97-year period). PMID:25031437

  4. Cognitive function fifty-six years after surgical treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy: A case study?

    PubMed Central

    Banks, Sarah Jane; Feindel, William; Milner, Brenda; Jones-Gotman, Marilyn

    2014-01-01

    We report a long-term follow-up investigation of a patient who was operated in 1954 to relieve intractable temporal lobe seizures characterized by automatism and amnesia. Neuropsychological review at 16 months after surgery showed a slight residual impairment of verbal comprehension and verbal recall and good nonverbal skills. Seizure-free since the operation except for two attacks in the early postoperative years, the patient has been off medication for 25 years and has pursued a successful career as an artist. Our investigation at 56 postoperative years focused on cognitive skills, with some emphasis on learning and memory; a clinical examination was also performed, and the anatomical extent of the resection was determined on 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging. Four age- and IQ-appropriate women were tested as healthy control subjects. The patient showed material-specific impairments in language and verbal memory compared with the control subjects and also compared with her own earlier performance, but her performance on other cognitive tasks did not differ from that of the control subjects. Thus, her specific deficits had worsened over time, and she was also impaired compared with healthy individuals of her age, but her deficits remained confined to the verbal sphere, consistent with her temporal lobe seizure focus and surgery. PMID:25667864

  5. Clinical characteristics of hereditary multiple exostoses: a retrospective study of mainland chinese cases in recent 23 years.

    PubMed

    Guo, Xue-ling; Deng, Yan; Liu, Hui-guo

    2014-02-01

    Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) are an autosomal dominant skeletal disease with wide variations in clinical manifestations among different ethnic groups. This study investigated the epidemiology, clinical presentations, pathogenetic features and treatment strategies of HME in mainland China. We searched and reviewed the related cases published since 1990 by searching electronic databases, namely SinoMed database, Wanfang database, CNKI, Web of Science and PubMed as well as Google search engines. A total of 1051 cases of HME (male-to-female ratio 1.5:1) were investigated and the diagnosis was made in 83% before the age of 10 years. Approximately 96% patients had a family history. Long bones, ribs, scapula and pelvis were the frequently affected sites. Most patients were asymptomatic with multiple palpable masses. Common complications included angular deformities, impingement on neighbouring tissues and impaired articular function. Chondrosarcomas transformation occurred in 2% Chinese cases. Among the cases examined, about 18% had mutations in EXT1 and 28% in EXT2. Frameshift, nonsense and missense mutations represented the majority of HME-causing mutations. Diagnosis of HME was made based on the clinical presentations and radiological documentations. Most patients needed no treatment. Surgical treatment was often directed to remove symptomatic exostoses, particularly those of suspected malignancy degeneration, and correction of skeletal deformities. This study shows some variance from current literature regarding other ethnic populations and may provide valuable baseline assessment of the natural history of HME in mainland China. PMID:24496678

  6. Interracial Friendships across the College Years: Evidence from a Longitudinal Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Nathan D.; Tobin, William; Spenner, Kenneth I.

    2014-01-01

    In this study the authors explored factors that influence the degree to which students' campus friends are of a different race or ethnicity. They focused on relationships that were more sustained and that involved greater trust than routine interactions on campus, but were less intimate than best or closest friends. Recent studies show that…

  7. Consistent codling moth population decline by two years of mating disruption in apple: a Flemish case study.

    PubMed

    Bangels, E; Beliën, T

    2012-01-01

    Codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is one of the most important pests in apple and pear. In 2010 mating disruption became a key pest management tactic in Flemish pip fruit orchards, largely due to a government subsidy and demonstrating projects aiming to widen the area treated by pheromones as large as possible. As a consequence, the mating disruption strategy was applied at approximately 7.500 ha, or half of the pip fruit area, in 2010 and 2011. The sudden large-scale implementation of this technique changed the codling moth management landscape. Here we present a case study of a commercially managed orchard that suffered from high codling moth pressures for many years, as did the surrounding area. The RAK3 mating disruption system was introduced at this location in 2010, and was continued in 2011. Systematic detailed codling moth flight data for this location are available for many years. In addition, comprehensive data on damage levels of chemically untreated windows spread all over the test orchard in a randomized block design were obtained in successive years, enabling us to thoroughly evaluate the effect of the changed codling moth management strategy. Data from 2011 included damage levels in chemically treated windows when the entire orchard was applied once at the flight peak of Cydia pomonella. In 2009, before introduction of mating disruption, a mean of 8.25 +/- 5.54% of the fruits were infested at harvest when assessed in completely untreated windows. After two years of mating disruption, supported with a full chemical support in 2010, except for the untreated assessment windows, and only one application on the flight peak of 2011, damage was reduced to less than 0.03% at harvest. This is a valuable case study to demonstrate the benefits of the mating disruption approach. PMID:23885433

  8. A 20-Year Examination of the Perceptions of Business School Interns: A Longitudinal Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Sherry James; Stokes, Amy; Parker, Richard Stephen

    2015-01-01

    The authors examined students' attitudes toward specific elements of an ongoing internship program. The study sample consisted of 816 student interns from 25 different colleges and universities. Results indicate that despite significant changes in instructional design and the incorporation of new technologies into the learning environment,…

  9. Teachers' and Children's Personal Epistemologies for Moral Education: Case Studies in Early Years Elementary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brownlee, Jo; Syu, Jia-Jia; Mascadri, Julia; Cobb-Moore, Charlotte; Walker, Sue; Johansson, Eva; Boulton-Lewis, Gillian; Ailwood, Jo

    2012-01-01

    While there is strong interest in teaching values in Australia and internationally there is little focus on young children's moral values learning in the classroom. Research shows that personal epistemology influences teaching and learning in a range of education contexts, including moral education. This study examines relationships between…

  10. Azo dyes and related compounds as important aquatic contaminants: a ten-year case study

    EPA Science Inventory

    Mutagenicity has been found in several aquatic systems in the world; however, this activity usually is not associated with any of the compounds that are currently regulated. Attempting to identify these hazardous compounds, an integrated study was conducted, employing several dif...

  11. Building Strong Geoscience Departments: Case Studies and Findings from Six Years of Programming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iverson, E. A.; Lee, S.; Ormand, C. J.; Feiss, P. G.; Macdonald, H.; Manduca, C. A.; Richardson, R. M.

    2011-12-01

    Begun in 2005, the Building Strong Geoscience Departments project sought to help geoscience departments respond to changes in geosciences research, academic pressures, and the changing face of the geosciences workforce by working as a team, planning strategically, and learning from the experiences of other geoscience departments. Key strategies included becoming more central to their institution's mission and goals; articulating the department's learning goals for students; designing coordinated curricula, co-curricular activities, and assessments to meet these goals; and recruiting students effectively. A series of topical workshops identified effective practices in use in the U.S. and Canada. These practices were documented on the project website and disseminated through a national workshop for teams of faculty, through activities at the AGU Heads and Chairs workshops, and in a visiting workshop program bringing leaders to campuses. The program has now involved over 450 participants from 185 departments. To understand the impact of the program, we engaged in ongoing discussion with five departments of various sizes and institutional types, and facing a variety of immediate challenges. In aggregate they made use of the full spectrum of project offerings. These departments all reported that the project brought an important new perspective to their ability to work as a department: they have a better understanding of how their departments' issues relate to the national scene, have more strategies for making the case for the entire department to college administrators, and are better poised to make use of campus resources including the external review process. These results were consistent with findings from end-of-workshop surveys. Further they developed the ability to work together as a team to address departmental challenges through collective problem solving. As a result of their workshop participation, two of the departments who considered their department to be vulnerable to elimination believe they are in a better position to survive and thrive. All five departments reported changes to their curriculum that addressed goals such as attracting more majors, recruiting students from underrepresented groups and integrating initiatives such as service learning. Three departments reported making strides to increase their visibility by implementing new community activities, involving alumni, and using social networking. Two departments became more intentional in collecting data for assessment/external review. As one department member shared, they learned that it was not enough to just teach and to do good research, they became their own advocates for change and believe it made a significant difference in their success on campus.

  12. Autoimmune haemolysis: an 18-year study of 865 cases referred to a regional transfusion centre.

    PubMed Central

    Sokol, R J; Hewitt, S; Stamps, B K

    1981-01-01

    Clinical and serological records of 865 patients with confirmed autoimmune haemolysis (AIH)--a much larger series than any previously reported--were critically reviewed nd analysed. A proposed new classification for AIH based on serological findings differs from traditional classifications in that a new category of "mixed" AIH has been defined in which both "warm" and "cold" autoantibodies are present, and both are capable of causing haemolysis. Patients in this mixed group tend to have severe disease that may run a chronic intermittent course. The presentation of cold agglutinin disease is much more variable than has been seen in previous studies, haemolysis due to low titre autoantibodies being common. The AIH associated with pregnancy, usually considered as being of bad prognosis, is often mild and self limiting in the absence of other associated disorders. PMID:6788179

  13. Epidemiology of pediatric facial trauma in Chile: A retrospective study of 7,617 cases in 3 years

    PubMed Central

    Carrasco-Labra, Alonso; Sung-Hsieh, Hsiao H.; Cortés-Araya, Juan

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: To describe the epidemiology of facial trauma injuries in a group of Chilean children aged 15 years or less. Study Design: Retrospective study of case series. Between 2006 and 2009, clinical records of 293,090 patients were reviewed. Data of patients with trauma injuries to the face were collected and evaluated for: age, sex, day and month of hospital admission, cause of injury, anatomical location, type of injury and presence of associated injuries. Results: A total of 7,617 patients with 8,944 injuries were found. Boy to girl ratio was 1,7:1. Preschool age children were most frequently affected. Main cause of injury were falls, soft tissue injuries the most common type of injury. Associated injuries occurred in 11% of cases. Conclusions: Facial trauma presents a significant frequency in the group of Chilean children studied. Preeschool age boys were prone to present facial trauma of mild severity associated to falls. Key words:Facial trauma, pediatric trauma, epidemiology, pediatrics. PMID:23986019

  14. Cognitive and Learning Strategies for Longstanding Temporal Lobe Lesions in a Child Who Suffered from "Herpes Simplex" Virus Encephalitis: A Case Study over 10 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Schoor, A. N.; Naude, H.; van Rensburg, M.; Pretorius, E.; Boon, J. M.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a case study indicating that "Herpes simplex" virus (HSV) encephalitis may cause permanent learning disabilities due to damage to the temporal lobes as it discusses the results of a case study extending over 10 years to determine the long-term effects on both the anatomy of the brain and the intellectual functioning of the…

  15. Cognitive and Learning Strategies for Longstanding Temporal Lobe Lesions in a Child Who Suffered from "Herpes Simplex" Virus Encephalitis: A Case Study over 10 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Schoor, A. N.; Naude, H.; van Rensburg, M.; Pretorius, E.; Boon, J. M.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents a case study indicating that "Herpes simplex" virus (HSV) encephalitis may cause permanent learning disabilities due to damage to the temporal lobes, as it discusses the results of a case study extending over 10 years to determine the long-term effects on both the anatomy of the brain and the intellectual functioning of the…

  16. Exposure to air pollutants and mortality in hypertensive patients according to demography: a 10 year case-crossover study.

    PubMed

    Wong, Martin C S; Tam, Wilson W S; Wang, Harry H X; Lao, X Q; Zhang, Daisy Dexing; Chan, Sky W M; Kwan, Mandy W M; Fan, Carmen K M; Cheung, Clement S K; Tong, Ellen L H; Cheung, N T; Tse, L A; Yu, Ignatius T S

    2014-09-01

    This study evaluated whether short term exposures to NO2, O3, particulate matter <10 mm in diameter (PM10) were associated with higher risk of mortality. A total of 223,287 hypertensive patients attended public health-care services and newly prescribed at least 1 antihypertensive agent were followed-up for up to 5 years. A time-stratified, bi-directional case-crossover design was adopted. For all-cause mortality, significant positive associations were observed for NO2 and PM10 at lag 0-3 days per 10 ?g/m(3) increase in concentration (excess risks 1.187%-2.501%). Significant positive associations were found for O3 at lag 1 and 2 days and the excess risks were 1.654% and 1.207%, respectively. We found similarly positive associations between these pollutants and respiratory disease mortality. These results were significant among those aged ?65 years and in cold seasons only. Older hypertensive patients are susceptible to all-cause and respiratory disease-specific deaths from these air pollutants in cold weather. PMID:24953346

  17. The Effectiveness of a Case Study-Based First-Year Biology Class at a Black Women's College

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Aditi Pai

    2010-11-01

    The authors used a case study-based approach in the introductory biology course at Spelman College. The course taught to entering freshmen was divided into three modules--ecology, evolution, and biodiversity, each designed around a case study. They noted t

  18. Biography of the First Year: A Case Study Integrating Psychoanalytic, Cognitive-Developmental and Mother-Infant Systems Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Marc D.

    1988-01-01

    Describes the personality development of a normal infant during the child's first year. Development is interpreted in terms of psychoanalytic, cognitive-developmental, and mother-infant systems perspectives. A working relationship among the theories is demonstrated through analysis of case material. (RJC)

  19. PRE-SERVICE TO IN-SERVICE: A THREE-YEAR CASE STUDY OF PRIMARY LITERACY TEACHERS

    E-print Network

    Segebrecht, Lynn Elaine

    2010-07-27

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this emic collective case study was to investigate the transitions of three effective teachers of literacy from pre-service to in-service teaching. As their university supervisor, I selected these ...

  20. Ambient Heat and Sudden Infant Death: A Case-Crossover Study Spanning 30 Years in Montreal, Canada

    PubMed Central

    Fraser, William D.; Smargiassi, Audrey; Kosatsky, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Background Climate change may lead to more severe and extreme heat waves in the future, but its potential impact on sudden infant death—a leading cause of infant mortality—is unclear. Objectives We sought to determine whether risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is elevated during hot weather. Methods We undertook a case-crossover analysis of all sudden infant deaths during warm periods in metropolitan Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from 1981 through 2010. Our analysis included a total of 196 certified cases of SIDS, including 89 deaths at 1–2 months of age, and 94 at 3–12 months. We estimated associations between maximum outdoor temperatures and SIDS by comparing outdoor temperatures on the day of or day before a SIDS event with temperatures on control days during the same month, using cubic splines to model temperature and adjusting for relative humidity. Results Maximum daily temperatures of ? 29°C on the same day were associated with 2.78 times greater odds of sudden infant death relative to 20°C (95% CI: 1.64, 4.70). The likelihood of sudden death increased steadily with higher temperature. Associations were stronger for infants 3–12 months of age than for infants 1–2 months of age, with odds ratios of 3.90 (95% CI: 1.87, 8.13) and 1.73 (95% CI: 0.80, 3.73), respectively, for 29°C compared with 20°C on the day of the event. Conclusions High ambient temperature may be a novel risk factor for SIDS, especially at ? 3 months of age. Climate change and the higher temperatures that result may account for a potentially greater proportion of sudden infant deaths in the future. Citation Auger N, Fraser WD, Smargiassi A, Kosatsky T. 2015. Ambient heat and sudden infant death: a case-crossover study spanning 30 years in Montreal, Canada. Environ Health Perspect 123:712–716;?http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307960 PMID:25748025

  1. The university college center and the freshman year experience: a case study at a selected historically black university in Texas 

    E-print Network

    Garrett, Carla Anne

    2005-08-29

    The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze activities, perceptions, and behaviors associated with the university college program at a historically Black University which contribute to a successful freshman year ...

  2. Sudden Unexpected Deaths and Vaccinations during the First Two Years of Life in Italy: A Case Series Study

    PubMed Central

    Traversa, Giuseppe; Spila-Alegiani, Stefania; Bianchi, Clara; Ciofi degli Atti, Marta; Frova, Luisa; Massari, Marco; Raschetti, Roberto; Salmaso, Stefania; Scalia Tomba, Gianpaolo

    2011-01-01

    Background The signal of an association between vaccination in the second year of life with a hexavalent vaccine and sudden unexpected deaths (SUD) in the two days following vaccination was reported in Germany in 2003. A study to establish whether the immunisation with hexavalent vaccines increased the short term risk of SUD in infants was conducted in Italy. Methodology/Principal Findings The reference population comprises around 3 million infants vaccinated in Italy in the study period 1999–2004 (1.5 million received hexavalent vaccines). Events of SUD in infants aged 1–23 months were identified through the death certificates. Vaccination history was retrieved from immunisation registries. Association between immunisation and death was assessed adopting a case series design focusing on the risk periods 0–1, 0–7, and 0–14 days after immunisation. Among the 604 infants who died of SUD, 244 (40%) had received at least one vaccination. Four deaths occurred within two days from vaccination with the hexavalent vaccines (RR?=?1.5; 95% CI 0.6 to 4.2). The RRs for the risk periods 0–7 and 0–14 were 2.0 (95% CI 1.2 to 3.5) and 1.5 (95% CI 0.9 to 2.4). The increased risk was limited to the first dose (RR?=?2.2; 95% CI 1.1 to 4.4), whereas no increase was observed for the second and third doses combined. Conclusions The RRs of SUD for any vaccines and any risk periods, even when greater than 1, were almost an order of magnitude lower than the estimates in Germany. The limited increase in RRs found in Italy appears confined to the first dose and may be partly explained by a residual uncontrolled confounding effect of age. PMID:21298113

  3. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy with a Six-Year-Old Boy with Separation Anxiety Disorder: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dia, David A.

    2001-01-01

    This study examines the use of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for the treatment of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) in a six-year-old boy who was having at least one panic attack a day. It uses a four-phased program that includes a psychoeducational approach. The outcome studies demonstrated how CBT shows promise as a treatment modality with…

  4. Designing Meaning with Multiple Media Sources: A Case Study of an Eight-Year-Old Student's Writing Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranker, Jason

    2007-01-01

    This case study closely examines how John (a former student of mine, age eight, second grade) composed during an informal writing group at school. Using qualitative research methods, I found that John selectively took up conventions, characters, story grammars, themes, and motifs from video games, television, Web pages, and comics. Likening his…

  5. A Case Study of Information-Seeking Behavior in 7-Year-Old Children in a Semistructured Situation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Linda Z.

    2002-01-01

    This case study of information-seeking behavior of second grade children in their school library media center focuses on how young children learning to read cope with searching for information in a largely textual corpus. Discusses children's search strategies; computer versus shelf searching; textual versus visual searching; and comparisons with…

  6. Case Study of Employment Trends across 25 Years of Graduates of a Japanese Science and Technology University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakayama, Minoru

    2014-01-01

    Graduates in the areas of Science and Technology are believed to have traditionally been employed in a number of specific industries, but the recent restructuring of some industries may have affected this phenomenon. In order to examine the trends concerning employment issues in more detail, a case study was conducted by surveying employment…

  7. The Prediction of Academic Performance in the First-Year: A Case Study at the National University of Lesotho.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayaya, Onesmus Ongulu

    1996-01-01

    A study of 90 first-year business students at the National University of Lesotho investigated predictors of academic success. Of 29 student characteristics or attributes considered, educational attainment at the secondary level, communication skills, understanding of introductory economics, introductory instruction in law and legal method, and…

  8. Academic failure of first-year engineering and technological students in India and assessment of motivation factors – a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Reena Cheruvalath

    2012-01-01

    This study has been conducted to show that there is a recent trend in engineering colleges in India that students who are considered to be highly intelligent show poor academic performance during their 1st year. This article is proposed to examine the role of motivation factors such as teaching methods and learning material in the academic performance of engineering and

  9. Fifteen years of child drowning--a 1967-1981 analysis of all fatal cases from the Brisbane Drowning Study and an 11 year study of consecutive near-drowning cases.

    PubMed

    Nixon, J; Pearn, J; Wilkey, I; Corcoran, A

    1986-06-01

    A total population study of childhood fresh water drowning accidents (fatalities) for the 15 year period, 1967-1981, is reported. These data are from the ongoing Brisbane Drowning Study which has now also analysed 255 fresh water child immersions (both fatalities and near-fatalities) over the eleven year period, 1978-1981, and as such forms a consecutive unselected series for over one decade. The annual fatality (drowning) rate is 3.53 per 100,000. Details of immersion accidents by site, sex and by outcome (survivors versus fatalities) are presented. An analysis of secular trends revealed that one epidemic peak of child drownings in swimming pools and domestic baths (noted in the mid 1970s in Australia and other countries) is now passed. Evidence is presented to suggest that a vigorous education, and public awareness campaign can reduce the incidence of serious child immersion accidents by one-third. Such a campaign may have influence on all types of childhood household drownings (pools, baths, garden ponds), irrespective of site. Survival rates for unsupervised children who lose consciousness in fresh water are site-dependent, only 21% of such potential victims surviving after losing consciousness in rivers and creeks, compared with the survival rate of 65% for those in potential drowning incidents in their own backyard. Violent death continues to account for more than half of all deaths in childhood up to the age of 14 years [Gratz, 1979; Mayer, Walker and Johnson et al., 1981].(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:3730093

  10. The home environment and asthma symptoms in childhood: two population based case-control studies 13 years apart

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. K. Butland; D. P. Strachan; H. R. Anderson

    1997-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Prevalence surveys of asthma and\\/or wheezing among all children aged between 7 1\\/2 and 8 1\\/2 attending state and private schools in the London Borough of Croydon were conducted in February 1978 and February 1991. Two population based case-control studies drawn from the survey responders were used to investigate the association between childhood wheeze and characteristics of the home

  11. Geothermal Case Studies

    DOE Data Explorer

    Young, Katherine

    database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  12. Two ways to assess problems of evaluating third- and fourth-year medical students: a case study.

    PubMed

    Edwards, J C; Plauché, W C; Vial, R H; Tonesk, X; Buchanan, R

    1989-08-01

    Clinical faculty commonly acknowledge that they have difficulty evaluating third- and fourth-year medical students. The faculty and administration of the Louisiana State University (LSU) School of Medicine in New Orleans conducted pilot tests of two types of materials to assess these problems as part of the Clinical Evaluation Program undertaken by the Association of American Medical Colleges in 1984-1985. The two types of materials--questionnaires and the Problem-Case Analysis--were developed by the staff of the AAMC program and used by the LSU Department of Medicine and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology to identify problems in the process of evaluating clerks. Furthermore, the two methods proved complementary: both methods identified some of the same problems and each identified problems not identified by the other. Handling difficult students was the single problem identified by both methods in both departments. The questionnaires permit a simple method of collecting data about a broad range of problems. The Problem-Case Analysis, on the other hand, requires more time but evokes possible causes and alternative solutions, as well as identifying the problems. Improvement plans were developed by each department to address the problems that surfaced. PMID:2751786

  13. Freshman year mental health symptoms and level of adaptation as predictors of Internet addiction: a retrospective nested case-control study of male Chinese college students.

    PubMed

    Yao, Bin; Han, Wei; Zeng, Lingxia; Guo, Xiong

    2013-12-15

    A retrospective nested case-control study was designed to explore whether freshman year mental health status and level of adaptation are predictors of Internet addiction. The study cohort was 977 college students at a university in northwest China. In the first college year, the students' mental health status and adaptation level were assessed using the Chinese College Student Mental Health Scale (CCSMHS) and the Chinese College Student Adjustment Scale (CCSAS). In the following 1-3 years, 62 Internet-addicted subjects were identified using Young's 8-item diagnostic questionnaire. Controls were matched for demographic characteristics. Using logistic regression analysis, freshman year mental health status, including factors such as somatization, anxiety, depression and self-contempt, and freshman year adaptive problems were found to be causal factors and predictors of Internet addiction. Freshman with features of depression, learning maladaptation and dissatisfaction could be an important target-intervention population for reducing Internet addiction. PMID:23896352

  14. First- and fifth-year medical students' intention for emigration and practice abroad: a case study of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Santric-Milicevic, Milena M; Terzic-Supic, Zorica J; Matejic, Bojana R; Vasic, Vladimir; Ricketts, Thomas C

    2014-11-01

    Health worker migration is causing profound health, safety, social, economic and political challenges to countries without special policies for health professionals' mobility. This study describes the prevalence of migration intentions among medical undergraduates, identifies underlying factors related to migration intention and describes subsequent actions in Serbia. Data were captured by survey of 938 medical students from Belgrade University (94% response rate), representing two thirds of matching students in Serbia stated their intentions, reasons and obstacles regarding work abroad. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics and a sequential multivariate logistic regression. Based on descriptive and inferential statistics we were able to predict the profile of first and fifth year medical students who intend or have plans to work abroad. This study contributes to our understanding of the causes and correlates of intent to migrate and could serve to raise awareness and point to the valuable policy options to manage migration. PMID:25458972

  15. Spatial analysis of rockfall activity, bounce heights and geomorphic changes over the last 50 years A case study using dendrogeomorphology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schneuwly, D. M.; Stoffel, M.

    2008-12-01

    Tree-ring series have been used to reconstruct 50 years of rockfall behavior on a slope near Saas Balen (Swiss Alps). A total of 796 cores and 141 cross sections from 191 severely injured conifer trees ( Larix decidua Mill., Picea abies (L.) Karst. and Pinus cembra L.), combined with a series of aerial photographs, were used to investigate the evolution of the forest stand so as (i) to reconstruct past rockfall rates; (ii) to analyze the spatial behavior of maximum bounce heights; and (iii) to analyze the spatial comportment of rockfall activity over the last five decades. Tree-ring analysis permitted the reconstruction of the age distribution at the study site; results were in perfect agreement with the afforestation process shown in the aerial photographs. The oldest are located in the lower, central part of the study site; the youngest individuals at its uppermost lateral boundaries. Reconstructed rockfall rates reveal strong interannual variations and single event years with increased activity, namely in 1960/1961 and 1995. Spatial analysis of the maximum bounce heights indicate highest values at the lateral boundaries and lowest heights in the lower central part of the forest stand, where a big boulder seems to shield trees growing below it. The spatial analysis of past rockfall activity shows high active zones at the uppermost north-facing boundaries of the forest and least active zones in the lowermost central part of the studied stand. The high rockfall activity at the slope is expressed by a mean rockfall rate of > 1 event m - 1 y - 1 .

  16. Pathology Case Study: Seizures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology of a 51 year-old man with epilepsy. Images and results from a neurological examination are provided in this case. The patientâ??s diagnosis is found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section, which also includes a detailed description of the condition from the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Fevers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kulich, Scott

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors in the health sciences field. In this case, a 68-year-old male patient experiencing fevers, chills, an associated non-productive cough, and weight loss was admitted to the hospital for examination. The â??Gross Description,â?ť â??Microscopic Description,â?ť and â?? Microbiologyâ?ť sections provide key information and images that contributed to the patientâ??s diagnosis. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment from the contributing doctors.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Headache

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 79 year old male with headaches and sinus problems is evaluated. The patient previously had "an inverted papilloma resected." Using the gross description, microscopic description, and images provided, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical problem. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

  19. The Swedish childhood diabetes study — results from a nine year case register and a one year case-referent study indicating that Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is associated with both Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and autoimmune disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Dahlquist; L. Blom; T. Tuvemo; L. Nyström; A. Sandström; S. Wall

    1989-01-01

    Summary  From July 1, 1977 to July 1, 1986, 3,503 incident cases of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus were registered in the Swedish childhood diabetes study. Using data from this register and from a case-referent study, including all incident Type 1 diabetic children in Sweden during one year and, for each patient, two referent children matched according to age, sex and

  20. Pathology Case Study: Epilepsy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    French, Jacqueline A.

    This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 27-year-old female presents with a history of seizures. A detailed patient history along with gross and microscopic images of the patientâ??s brain are included in this case study. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  1. Acute mastoiditis: a 10 year retrospective study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Tarantino; R D'Agostino; G. Taborelli; A. Melagrana; A. Porcu; M. Stura

    2002-01-01

    This retrospective study reviews our experience in the management of acute otomastoiditis over 10 years. During the study period we identified 40 cases in children aged 3 months–15 years with a peak incidence in the second year of life. Sixty per cent of them had a history of acute otitis media (AOM). All the children were already receiving oral antibiotic

  2. Family-Based Treatment of a 17-Year-Old Twin Presenting with Emerging Anorexia Nervosa: A Case Study Using the “Maudsley Method”

    PubMed Central

    Loeb, Katharine L.; Hirsch, Alicia M.; Greif, Rebecca; Hildebrandt, Thomas B.

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the successful application of family-based treatment (FBT) for a 17-year-old identical twin presenting with a four-month history of clinically significant symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN). FBT is a manualized treatment that has been studied in randomized controlled trials for adolescents with AN. This case study illustrates the administration of this evidence-based intervention in a clinical setting, highlighting how the best available research was used to make clinical decisions at each stage of treatment delivery. PMID:19130366

  3. The association between malaria parasitaemia, erythrocyte polymorphisms, malnutrition and anaemia in children less than 10 years in Senegal: a case control study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Malaria and anaemia (Haemoglobin <11 g/dl) remain frequent in tropical regions and are closely associated. Although anaemia aetiologies are known to be multi-factorial, most studies in malaria endemic areas have been confined to analysis of possible associations between anaemia and individual factors such as malaria. A case control study involving children aged from 1 to 10 years was conducted to assess some assumed contributors to anaemia in the area of Bonconto Health post in Senegal. Methods Study participants were randomly selected from a list of children who participated in a survey in December 2010. Children aged from 1 to 10 years with haemoglobin level below 11 g/dl represented cases (anaemic children). Control participants were eligible if of same age group and their haemoglobin level was >= 11 g/dl. For each participant, a physical examination was done and anthropometric data collected prior to a biological assessment which included: malaria parasitaemia infection, intestinal worm carriage, G6PD deficiency, sickle cell disorders, and alpha-talassaemia. Results Three hundred and fifty two children < 10 years of age were enrolled (176 case and 176 controls). In a logistic regression analysis, anaemia was significantly associated with malaria parasitaemia (aOR=5.23, 95%CI[1.1-28.48]), sickle cell disorders (aOR=2.89, 95%CI[1,32-6.34]), alpha-thalassemia (aOR=1.82, 95%CI[1.2-3.35]), stunting (aOR=3.37, 95%CI[1.93-5.88], age ranged from 2 to 4 years (aOR=0.13, 95%CI[0.05-0.31]) and age > 5 years (aOR=0.03, 95%CI[0.01-0.08]). Stratified by age group, anaemia was significantly associated with stunting in children less than 5 years (aOR=3.1 95%CI[1.4 – 6.8]), with, sickle cell disorders (aOR=3.5 95%CI [1.4 – 9.0]), alpha-thalassemia (or=2.4 95%CI[1.1–5.3]) and stunting (aOR=3.6 95%CI [1.6–8.2]) for children above 5 years. No association was found between G6PD deficiency, intestinal worm carriage and children’s gender. Conclusion Malaria parasitaemia, stunting and haemoglobin genetic disorders represented the major causes of anaemia among study participants. Anaemia control in this area could be achieved by developing integrated interventions targeting both malaria and malnutrition. PMID:23057857

  4. Student Effort Expectations and Their Learning in First-Year Introductory Physics: A Case Study in Thailand

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wutchana, U.; Emarat, N.

    2011-01-01

    The Maryland Physics Expectations (MPEX) survey was designed to probe students' expectations about their understanding of the process of learning physics and the structure of physics knowledge--cognitive expectations. This survey was administered to first-year university students in Thailand in the first semester of an introductory calculus-based…

  5. Laying a Foundation for Lifelong Learning: Case Studies of E-Assessment in Large 1st-Year Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicol, David

    2007-01-01

    Concerns about noncompletion and the quality of the 1st-year student experience have been linked to recent changes in higher education such as modularisation, increased class sizes, greater diversity in the student intake and reduced resources. Improving formative assessment and feedback processes is seen as one way of addressing academic failure,…

  6. The Acquisition of Passive, Causative, and "te moraw" Constructions in Japanese: A Case Study on a Two-Year-Old.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harada, Kazuko I.

    The development of production and comprehension by one two-year-old girl of three Japanese constructions (passives, causatives, and "te moraw"), which have similar surface configurations "NP ga NP ni V ("rare"/ "sase"/ "te moraw") TENSE," is investigated through elicited imitations and responses to the investigator's questions about the content of…

  7. An Atypical Eating Disorder with Crohn's Disease in a Fifteen-Year-Old Male: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holaday, Margot; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Discusses how 6 months after psychological intervention for an eating disorder, a 15-year-old male was diagnosed with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Addresses need for additional training for those from traditional school and counseling psychology programs. Advocates a team approach and consultations. (RJM)

  8. Case Study: Ellen's Choice

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elizabeth Harper (New York University Steinhardt School of Education Department of Health Studies)

    2001-04-03

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores spinal anatomy, aging of bone, and explores the basic physiology of inflammation. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  9. Case Study: Shark Attack

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Herbert House (Elon University Biology)

    2002-05-24

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy or anatomy lab. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the upper extremity. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  10. Case Study: Missing Link

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Elizabeth Strasser (Sacramento State Anthropology)

    2000-09-02

    This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in physical anthropology. In particular this case study explores skull anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  11. Brazilian Report on Primary Immunodeficiencies in Children: 166 Cases Studied Over a Follow-up Time of 15 Years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anete S. Grumach; Alberto J. S. Duarte; Raquel Bellinati-Pires; Antonio C. Pastorino; Cristina M. A. Jacob; Constância L. Diogo; Antonio Condino-Neto; Michael Kirschfink; Magda M. S. Carneiro-Sampaio

    1997-01-01

    One hundred sixty-six cases of primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) (95 males, 71 females), diagnosed according to WHO criteria, have been registered at the Children's Hospital, University of Săo Paulo, Brazil. The following frequencies were found: predominantly humoral defects, 60.8% (n = 101); T cell defects, 4.9% (n = 8); combined ID, 9.6% (n = 16); phagocyte disorders, 18.7% (n =

  12. Geothermal Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Young, Katherine

    2014-09-30

    The US Geological Survey (USGS) resource assessment (Williams et al., 2009) outlined a mean 30GWe of undiscovered hydrothermal resource in the western US. One goal of the Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) is to accelerate the development of this undiscovered resource. The Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) Blue Ribbon Panel (GTO, 2011) recommended that DOE focus efforts on helping industry identify hidden geothermal resources to increase geothermal capacity in the near term. Increased exploration activity will produce more prospects, more discoveries, and more readily developable resources. Detailed exploration case studies akin to those found in oil and gas (e.g. Beaumont, et al, 1990) will give operators a single point of information to gather clean, unbiased information on which to build geothermal drilling prospects. To support this effort, the National Renewable Energy laboratory (NREL) has been working with the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop a template for geothermal case studies on the Geothermal Gateway on OpenEI. In fiscal year 2013, the template was developed and tested with two case studies: Raft River Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Raft_River_Geothermal_Area) and Coso Geothermal Area (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Coso_Geothermal_Area). In fiscal year 2014, ten additional case studies were completed, and additional features were added to the template to allow for more data and the direct citations of data. The template allows for: Data - a variety of data can be collected for each area, including power production information, well field information, geologic information, reservoir information, and geochemistry information. Narratives ? general (e.g. area overview, history and infrastructure), technical (e.g. exploration history, well field description, R&D activities) and geologic narratives (e.g. area geology, hydrothermal system, heat source, geochemistry.) Exploration Activity Catalog - catalog of exploration activities conducted in the area (with dates and references.) NEPA Analysis ? a query of NEPA analyses conducted in the area (that have been catalogued in the OpenEI NEPA database.) In fiscal year 2015, NREL is working with universities to populate additional case studies on OpenEI. The goal is to provide a large enough dataset to start conducting analyses of exploration programs to identify correlations between successful exploration plans for areas with similar geologic occurrence models.

  13. Native American Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Evergreen State College

    The Native American Case Studies collection includes more than 80 original, research-based teaching cases focusing on contemporary issues in Indian Country. Teaching notes accompany each case. These can be downloaded and used at no cost. Additional website resources include information on teaching with cases and assessment. Guidelines for submitting cases are also available.

  14. Peat, Water and Plant Tissue Chemistry Monitoring: A Seven-Year CaseStudy in a Restored Peatland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roxane Andersen; Line Rochefort; Monique Poulin

    2010-01-01

    Following ecosystem-scale restoration of a post-harvested bog in Eastern Canada, a long term monitoring program was set up.\\u000a Peat, water and plant chemistry data were collected during 7 years in a restored peatland, an adjoining post-harvested non-restored\\u000a peatland, and in a neighboring natural peatland to determine the potential of chemistry data for evaluating of restoration\\u000a success over time. We used a

  15. Hispanic Students' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Learning Communities: A Case Study of First-Year University Students

    E-print Network

    Kazen, Hayley D.

    2010-01-15

    colleges; there were 6,791 African- Americans. In contrast, the one year retention rate for African-Americans was 70.3 % but only 68.06% for Hispanics (Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2003). Learning communities may benefit Hispanic students.... 3 A comparison of Hispanic male and female college graduation rates will show that Hispanics lag behind their White, Asian and Black counterparts in attainment of a Bachelor?s degree. Within this group, however, females graduate at higher levels...

  16. Pathology Case Study: Hemoptysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Holst, Valerie

    This is a pulmonary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55 year old female has spontaneously occurring hemoptysis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, radiology, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Peritonitis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 70-year-old man has peritonitis. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  18. The case study approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sarah Crowe; Kathrin Cresswell; Ann Robertson; Guro Huby; Anthony Avery; Aziz Sheikh

    2011-01-01

    The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value\\u000a of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services\\u000a research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of\\u000a case study

  19. Case Study: Football Fanaticism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Dayton J Ford (St. Louis College of Pharmacy Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

    2003-07-03

    This is a case study for undergraduate and professional degree students in anatomy, physiology and/or pharmaceutical sciences. In particular this case study explores the anatomy of the central nervous system, major motor and sensory tracts. Integrative physiology courses may use this case to incorporate the immune, nervous and cardiovascular systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  20. Tropical Rainforests: A Case Study of UK, 13-Year-Olds' Knowledge and Understanding of These Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dove, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Tropical rainforests are biologically rich ecosystems, which are threatened by a variety of different human activities. This study focuses on students' knowledge and understanding of rainforest locations, their reasons for protecting these environments and their familiarity with selected concepts about rainforest vegetation and soil. These…

  1. LITEE Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The LITEE team has developed case studies designed to enhance student learning through direct participation in the decision-making process and development of higher-level cognitive skills. Case studies increase student interest in the engineering field and improve retention in engineering programs. Case Studies include lessons incorporating several different types of business models and are available to view online for free.

  2. Redefining Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob VanWynsberghe; Samia Khan

    In this paper the authors propose a more precise and encompass- ing definition of case study than is usually found. They support their defini- tion by clarifying that case study is neither a method nor a methodology nor a research design as suggested by others. They use a case study prototype of their own design to propose common properties of

  3. Case study research.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Ruth; Thomas-Gregory, Annette

    2015-06-10

    This article describes case study research for nursing and healthcare practice. Case study research offers the researcher an approach by which a phenomenon can be investigated from multiple perspectives within a bounded context, allowing the researcher to provide a 'thick' description of the phenomenon. Although case study research is a flexible approach for the investigation of complex nursing and healthcare issues, it has methodological challenges, often associated with the multiple methods used in individual studies. These are explored through examples of case study research carried out in practice and education settings. An overview of what constitutes 'good' case study research is proposed. PMID:26058651

  4. The university college center and the freshman year experience: a case study at a selected historically black university in Texas

    E-print Network

    Garrett, Carla Anne

    2005-08-29

    theoretical schools of thought from cognitive and developmental psychology (Chickering, 1969; Erickson, 1968: Kohlberg, 1975; & Perry, 1970). It encompasses a variety of services put together to encourage personal and academic development (Boylan, 1995...- confidence, study habits, social competence and personal autonomy have a greater effect on grades and student retention than do reading, writing and mathematics (Astin, 1977, Chickering, 1969, Sedlacek, 1987). Once these factors were uncovered...

  5. Five year spinning study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The USDA-ARS Cotton Quality Research Station (CQRS) has complete a comprehensive study of the relationship of cotton fiber properties to the quality of ring spun yarn. Cottons in this study demonstrated fiber quality traits that allow them to operate at high speeds on the latest generation of ring ...

  6. Scaling up specialist training in developing countries: lessons learned from the first 12?years of regional postgraduate training in Fiji – a case study

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background In 1997, regional specialist training was established in Fiji, consisting of one-year Postgraduate Diplomas followed by three-year master’s degree programs in anesthesia, internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, pediatrics and surgery. The evolution of these programs during the first 12?years is presented. Case description A case study utilizing mixed methods was carried out, including a prospective collection of enrolment and employment data, supplemented by semi-structured interviews. Between 1997 and 2009, 207 doctors (113 from Fiji and 94 from 13 other countries or territories in the Pacific) trained to at least the Postgraduate Diploma level. For Fiji graduates, 29.2% migrated permanently to developed countries, compared to only 8.5% for regional graduates (P <0.001). Early years of the program were characterized by large intakes and enthusiasm, but also uncertainty. Many resignations took place following a coup d’etat in 2000. By 2005, interviews suggested a dynamic of political instability initially leading to resignations, leading to even heavier workloads, compounded by academic studies that seemed unlikely to lead to career benefit. This was associated with loss of hope and downward spirals of further resignations. After 2006, however, Master’s graduates generally returned from overseas placements, had variable success in career progression, and were able to engage in limited private practice. Enrolments and retention stabilized and increased. Discussion and evaluation Over time, all specialties have had years when the viability and future of the programs were in question, but all have recovered to varying degrees, and the programs continue to evolve and strengthen. Prospective clarification of expected career outcomes for graduates, establishment of career pathways for diploma-only graduates, and balancing desires for academic excellence with workloads that trainees were able to bear may have lessened ongoing losses of trainees and graduates. Conclusions Despite early losses of trainees, the establishment of regional postgraduate training in Fiji is having an increasingly positive impact on the specialist workforce in the Pacific. With forethought, many of the difficulties we encountered may have been avoidable. Our experiences may help others who are establishing or expanding postgraduate training in developing countries to optimize the benefit of postgraduate training on their national and regional workforces. PMID:23270525

  7. A Ten Year Retrospective Study on Adult Tetanus at the Epidemic Disease (ED) Hospital, Mysore in Southern India: A Review of 512 Cases

    PubMed Central

    Marulappa, Vamadeva Giriyapura; Manjunath, Renuka; Mahesh Babu, Nakul; Maligegowda, Laxman

    2012-01-01

    Background Tetanus still remains a major public health problem in India like in most other developing countries, with a high morbidity and mortality. Objectives To study the socio-demographic profile and the clinical profile that they presented with, as well as the outcome of the tetanus patients who were admitted to the E.D Hospital, Mysore in India. Methodology The data of all the patients of tetanus who were above the age of 15 years, who were admitted from January 2001 to December 2010, were collected, compiled and analyzed from the Medical Records Department of the Hospital. Results Out of the 512 cases of tetanus, 379 (74%) were males and 133 (26%) were females. Their ages varied from 15 to 81 years, with a mean and a standard deviation respectively of 47.7 and 15.0 years. The overall mortality rate was 42.2%. The most common presenting symptoms were trismus (95.7%), neck stiffness (89.3%), body spasms/stiffness (73%) and dysphagia (38.9%). The ages of the patients and the presence of complications had a statistically significant relationship with respect to the outcome (survival versus death). PMID:23205351

  8. Pathology Case Study: Lymphocytosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Contis, Lydia C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 72-year-old white male who presented to an outside facility with chest pain of 24 hours duration." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, peripheral blood and bone marrow findings, including images. They are also given flow cytometry and cytogenic data as well as molecular genetics, with images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  9. HURI SURI: Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The HURI SURI project is developing a regional biotechnology workforce pipeline by expanding and supporting biotechnology research experiences for Jamestown Community College (JCC) undergraduates and disseminating these research experiences and materials to area high school teachers and students. This page includes two case studies, "Mosquito and walbachia" and "Heartworm Experimental Design." Students will examine these case studies and then complete the worksheet for the SCA in class case study

  10. Intrinsic Case Study of Advisors’ Perceptions of Advising International Transfer Students Transitioning from a Two-Year College to a Land-Grant University in the Southwest Region of the United States

    E-print Network

    De Sousa, David Alexandre

    2014-12-15

    This qualitative intrinsic case study examined advisor’s perceptions of advising transitioning international transfer students transferring from a two-year college to a land-grant institution in the southwest region on the United States. Literature...

  11. Case study evaluation.

    PubMed Central

    Keen, J.; Packwood, T.

    1995-01-01

    Case study evaluations, using one or more qualitative methods, have been used to investigate important practical and policy questions in health care. This paper describes the features of a well designed case study and gives examples showing how qualitative methods are used in evaluations of health services and health policy. Images p446-a PMID:7640596

  12. SETDA Case Studies 2012

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Educational Technology Directors Association, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) published a series of case studies from 28 states to showcase examples of how ARRA EETT ("American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Enhancing Education Through Technology") grant funds have impacted teaching and learning. SETDA collected data for the case studies through a variety…

  13. Suggestive Evidence for an Involvement of the Right Hemisphere in the Recovery from Childhood Aphasia: A 3Year Follow-Up Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Peru; V. Moro; P. Tellini; G. Tassinari

    2006-01-01

    We describe the case of an 11-year-old, previously healthy, pre-puberal, right-handed girl with acquired aphasia following an extensive cerebral hemorrhage into a left hemisphere brain tumor. A 3-year follow-up evaluation of the girl's communicative performance showed an incomplete recovery of linguistic abilities with a good recovery of comprehensive components, but persisting severe impairment in expressive language. At the end of

  14. Pathology Case Study: Postmenopausal Bleeding

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chen, Lei

    This gynecologic pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 57-year-old female with postmenopausal bleeding. The patientâ??s history, and results from a pelvic ultrasound are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  15. Case Study: A Case of a Pheochromocytoma

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2004-10-29

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores endocrinology mechanisms. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  16. Case Study: Case of the Crying Baby

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kari Mergenhagen (James J. Peters Veterans Affairs Medical Center Infectious Disease)

    2003-09-15

    This is a case study for undergraduate, graduate and professional students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the renal anatomy and physiology. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  17. Case Study: Trigger Cases Versus Capstone Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2008-12-01

    Is it better to use a case at the beginning of a topic or at the end? To answer this, we need to examine both trigger and capstone cases in terms of their goals. The answer is not so inscrutable--it clearly depends upon your goal. Both trigger and capstone cases have their place, but the author would contend that if you wish to really engage a student in a subject, one can hardly do better than to start with an interesting, current, and controversial topic. And even if you sneak in a bunch of scientific lingo that initially doesn't make sense, a trigger case can surely prompt a student to want to learn more about the topic. And that is one heck of a great way to begin a day.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Hydrocephalus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study an otherwise healthy 9 month old infant is presented with hydrocephalus. The case study provides test results and images along with microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis and treatment.

  19. Adapting Japanese Lesson Study to Enhance the Teaching and Learning of Geometry and Spatial Reasoning in Early Years Classrooms: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moss, Joan; Hawes, Zachary; Naqvi, Sarah; Caswell, Beverly

    2015-01-01

    Increased efforts are needed to meet the demand for high quality mathematics in early years classrooms. Despite the foundational role of geometry and spatial reasoning for later mathematics success, the strand receives inadequate instructional time and is limited to concepts of static geometry. Moreover, early years teachers typically lack both…

  20. Case Studies in Broadcast Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Howard W.

    This collection of case studies, based on factual situations which have challenged broadcast managers in recent years, is designed to stimulate thinking about and solving of "real world" problems in commercial radio and television operations. Topics of a serious, long-run nature include enlarging the radio audience; station revenue and economy;…

  1. MULTIPLE CONTAMINANTS CASE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    The presentation provides information taken from the arsenic demonstration program projects that have treatment systems removing multiply contaminants from drinking water. The case studies sited in the presentation consist of projects that have arsenic along with either nitrate, ...

  2. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  3. Pathology Case Study: Sensory Abnormalities

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Duggal, Neil

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. This particular case focuses on a 30-year-old man with a history of focal numbness, bladder and bowel dysfunction, and progressive sensory abnormalities. The patientâ??s history, images from an MRI, microscopic images of a specimen collected during his laminectomy, and final diagnosis are provided in this case for your review. Students will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

  4. Is Every Child's Voice Heard? Case Studies of 3-Year Old Children's Talk at Home and in a Pre-School Playgroup. Occasional Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flewitt, Rosie

    This study examined patterns and developments in the communicative strategies of 3-year-old children over the course of their first year in a small, rural playgroup. It also: identified factors in the dynamics of children's playgroup experiences that correlated with the developments observed, investigated mothers' and playgroup staffs' perceptions…

  5. Can a Summer Bridge Program Impact First-Year Persistence and Performance?: A Case Study of the New Start Summer Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabrera, Nolan L.; Miner, Danielle D.; Milem, Jeffrey F.

    2013-01-01

    This longitudinal study assesses the impact of the University of Arizona's New Start Summer Program (NSSP) on participants' first year GPA and retention, controlling for incoming student characteristics. While programmatic participation significantly predicted first-year GPA and retention, this relationship became insignificant when…

  6. Distance Learning Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barker, Bruce O.

    The Office of Technology Assessment authorized a series of case studies in 1989 to investigate how technologies, services, and programs are implemented in distance education projects. The studies were also intended to look at the role of local, state, and federal agencies, and other public and private entities in providing educational services to…

  7. Nuclear medicine case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Wagner, H.N. Jr.

    1986-01-01

    This text presents case studies in nuclear medicine which emphasize the diagnosis of the patient's problem rather than the technical performance of the procedure. The book is arranged by organ systems and each section begins with a description of the technique and findings in a normal study.

  8. The Meanings Assigned to Some Economic Terms: A Case Study of Some 13-14 Year Old Pupils. Research Papers in Economics Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, David J.

    A research study designed to measure understanding of economic terms among 13- and 14-year olds is summarized. For purposes of the study, two tests were constructed: a 10-item questionnaire focusing on definitions of words such as banking, production, costs, money, and wealth, and a compilation of drawings and photographs developed to reflect…

  9. Suggestive evidence for an involvement of the right hemisphere in the recovery from childhood aphasia: a 3-year follow-up case study.

    PubMed

    Peru, A; Moro, V; Tellini, P; Tassinari, G

    2006-06-01

    We describe the case of an 11-year-old, previously healthy, pre-puberal, right-handed girl with acquired aphasia following an extensive cerebral hemorrhage into a left hemisphere brain tumor. A 3-year follow-up evaluation of the girl's communicative performance showed an incomplete recovery of linguistic abilities with a good recovery of comprehensive components, but persisting severe impairment in expressive language. At the end of the follow-up period, with the aim of assessing the lateralization of some linguistic abilities, we carried out an experimental investigation using tachistoscopic reading and object naming tests along with a dichotic listening test. All these tests showed a clear left field/left ear-right hemisphere advantage. We discuss both clinical and experimental results with regard to implications for the linguistic abilities of the right hemisphere in late versus early childhood and its interaction with aetiology in the recovery from acquired childhood aphasia. PMID:16801153

  10. Creeping Attachment Involving Dental Implants: Two Case Reports with a Two-Year Follow-Up from an Ongoing Clinical Study

    PubMed Central

    Pereira Neto, Armando R. Lopes; Passoni, Bernardo Born; de Souza, José Moisés

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. This paper describes case reports where coronal growth of soft tissue on implant threads was observed after surgery for soft tissue graft. This phenomenon is known as “creeping attachment.” Methods. Two patients were submitted to gingival graft procedure including subepithelial connective tissue graft and masticatory mucosal graft. A two-year follow-up appointment was performed. Results. After a two-year follow-up gingival growth over titanium surfaces characterizing the “creeping attachment” phenomenon was observed. This gingival growth happened over abutment and threads surfaces. Conclusion. The creeping attachment phenomenon is possible over titanium surfaces and has not yet been reported in the relevant literature over this kind of structure. PMID:25276440

  11. The Role of Gestures in Making Connections between Space and Shape Aspects and Their Verbal Representations in the Early Years: Findings from a Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elia, Iliada; Gagatsis, Athanasios; van den Heuvel-Panhuizen, Marja

    2014-01-01

    In recent educational research, it is well acknowledged that gestures are an important source of developing abstract thinking in early childhood and can serve as an additional window to the mind of the developing child. The present paper reports on a case study which explores the function of gestures in a geometrical activity at kindergarten…

  12. Case Study: Ecosystem Transformations

    E-print Network

    Nippert, Jesse

    142 Chapter 15 Case Study: Ecosystem Transformations Along The Colorado Front Range: Prairie Dog-tailed prairie dog. Directional changes in climate and atmospheric chemistry are altering the environment foothills and mixed-grass to short-grass prairie. Among these direc- tional changes are elevated average

  13. Case Studies in Biology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeakes, Samuel J.

    1989-01-01

    A case study writing exercise used in a course on parasitology was found to be a powerful learning experience for students because it involved discipline-based technical writing and terminology, brought the students in as evaluators, applied current learning, caused interaction among all students, and simulated real professional activities. (MSE)

  14. Remedial Reading: Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bentall, Grace

    1972-01-01

    This monograph discusses actual case studies which demonstrate that children learn in many different ways. The methods used are discussed, and wherever possible, the results of the work are cited. The pamphlet also points out that team work among the medical professions, the parents, the child, and the teacher is needed. The areas covered by the…

  15. Unionfining: Technical case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Nguyen, T.A.; Skripek, M. [Unocal Fred L. Hartley Research Center, Brea, CA (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Hydrotreating improves the quality of FCC feeds by reducing sulfur, nitrogen, metals, asphaltenes, and polynuclear aromatic content. Four case studies presented in this paper show the benefits of hydrotreating FCC feeds: higher conversion and gasoline yield, better quality products, and lower SO{sub x} emissions.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Petechiae

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lopez-Plaza, Iliana

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 6-hour-old baby was found to have petechiae. Visitors are given the case description and the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Cystic Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dunn, Jean

    This cytogenetics case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves 21-year-old male presented with a mass in his right thigh. Prior to this, the patient was healthy and had no major health concerns. The tumor was removed and the attending doctor ordered a cytogenetic analysis of the specimen. The results from that analysis along with microscopic images and electron photomicrographs of the tumor are included in the case study to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  18. Case Study: Variation in fatty acid profiles in milk from adjacent organic and conventional dairy farms over a 3-year period

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Measuring the seasonal variability of fatty acids (FAs) in milk improves our understanding of the nutritional and health values of milk. In collaboration with the Rodale Institute, Kutztown, PA, a 3-year study evaluated the seasonal variation of FA profiles of milk obtained from two farms adjacent t...

  19. Second Language Acquisition at the Early Childhood Level: A 5-Year Longitudinal Case Study of Pre-Kindergarten through First-Grade Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Billak, Bonnie

    2013-01-01

    This 5-year longitudinal study investigated the English language acquisition and development of students in pre-Kindergarten through Grade 1 at a U.S.-accredited international school. Of the 1,509 students tested, the overwhelming majority were nonnative English speakers. The data provide valuable insight into the rate of second language…

  20. Learning about environmental issues in engineering programmes : A case study of first-year civil engineering students’ contextualisation of an ecology course

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cecilia Lundholm

    2004-01-01

    Describes how first-year civil engineering students interpreted the content and structure of an ecology course. Students’ learning processes were analysed from an intentional perspective, i.e. a perspective that takes into account the students’ educational aims and conceptions of the study situation. Interviews were carried out with six civil engineering students who had taken the ecology course. Classroom observations were carried

  1. Flash Flood Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    COMET

    2007-06-26

    This module takes the learner through seven case studies of flash flood events that occurred in the conterminous U.S. between 2003 and 2006. The cases covered include: * 30-31 August 2003: Chase & Lyon Counties, KS * 16-17 September 2004: Macon County, NC * 31 July 2006: Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson, AZ * 25 December 2003: Fire burn area near San Bernardino, CA * 30 August 2004: Urban flash flood in Richmond, VA * 19-20 August 2003: Urban flash flood in Las Vegas, NV * 9 October 2005: Cheshire County, NH This module assists the learner in applying the concepts covered in the foundation topics of the Basic Hydrologic Sciences course. Some of the specific topics pertinent to these cases are the physical characteristics that make a basin prone to flash floods, basin response to precipitation, flash flood guidance (FFG), the relationship between wildfire and flash floods, and the relationship between urban development and flash floods. Related topics brought out in the cases include radar quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE), the National Weather Service Flash Flood Monitoring and Prediction (NWS FFMP) products, debris flows, impounded water, and interagency communications. The core foundation topics are recommended prerequisite materials since this module assumes some pre-existing knowledge of hydrologic principles. In particular, the Runoff Processes and Flash Flood Processes modules contain material directly related to these cases.

  2. Primary sigmoid adenocarcinoma metastasis to the breast in a 28-year-old female: a case study and a review of literature.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, Amna; Baiden-Amissah, Kweku; Oyegade, Adegoke; Absar, Mohammed; Swainson, Kate; Titi, Sami

    2014-02-01

    Metastasis to the breast from colorectal carcinoma is rare, only a few cases have been reported in the literature, and no cases have been reported in a young, 28-year-old patient. This report confirms the occurrence of the disease in a younger age group. The patient was referred to the Breast Clinic with a history of a gradually increasing lump in her right breast for two weeks' duration. On clinical examination, a 2-cm firm lump was noted in the upper inner quadrant of the right breast, which was clinically benign; however, histological examination of the breast core biopsy together with immunohistochemistry confirmed metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma. The primary colorectal carcinoma was later confirmed to be a stage pT4N2M1 tumor, and the Duke stage was C1. Histology with immunohistochemistry is very important in the diagnosis of cases of this nature, but the clinical correlation should be taken into consideration at multidisciplinary team meetings to decide the final management of the patient. PMID:24627697

  3. Suicidal electrocution in Sydney: a 10-year case review.

    PubMed

    Chan, Peter; Duflou, Johan

    2008-03-01

    A retrospective study was undertaken of all cases of death due to suicidal electrocution in Sydney, Australia between 1996 and 2005. A total of 25 cases were identified with 20 cases (80%) as a result of direct attachment to an electrical outlet and five cases (20%) as a result of immersion in a body of water with an electrical appliance. Twenty of the 25 individuals were men (mean age = 57 years, range 22-90) and five were women (mean age 67, range 53-88). At least 35% of decedents were either currently working or had worked as electricians. Electrical timers had been used in eight (32%) cases, the fuse blown in one case, but the remaining 16 (64%) bodies were "live" on arrival of witnesses or electricity personnel. This study demonstrates the phenomenon of electrical suicide as a regular occurrence in Sydney. We highlight the need for investigators and emergency workers to remain vigilant upon discovery of electrical suicides, due to the fact that most bodies remain electrically active after death. PMID:18366579

  4. Coastal Management case study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anne Jefferson

    To prepare for the case study, lecture material on coastal landforms and processes is presented. Particular attention is paid to barrier islands, such as the Outer Banks. During the lecture, typical coastal engineering structures, such as groins, breakwaters, and jetties, are introduced. The case study is introduced with a brief overview of North Carolina's coastal management laws, Figure Eight Island's geography, and the current controversy over whether to build a terminal groin. Students are then broken down into small groups and presented with two opposing editorials. The groups are instructed to try to come to consensus as to whether the terminal groin should be allowed or disallowed or to suggest a third alternative. After approximately 25 minutes, each group informally reports out to the rest of the class.

  5. Diagnosis of cardiac metastasis from cervical cancer in a 33-year-old patient using multimodal imaging studies: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Hoksch, Beatrix; Schwerzmann, Markus; Puig, Stefan; Klink, Thorsten

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a 33-year-old woman with emergency admission due to dyspnoea and fever. History included squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in complete remission. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning of the chest, which was indicated to rule out pneumonia, revealed an infiltrative cardiac mass. Further assessment of the tumour by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed transmural infiltration of the apical interventricular septum with a mass extending into the left and right ventricle cavities. The mass was highly suspicious for a cardiac metastasis. Cardiac metastases from cervical cancer are extremely rare. Recurrence of cervical carcinoma involving the heart should be considered even after a curative therapy approach. Non-invasive imaging plays a paramount role in investigating cardiac masses. Echocardiography, CT and MRI are complementary imaging modalities for complete work-up of intracardiac lesions. PMID:25346849

  6. Conservative care of temporomandibular joint disorder in a 35-year-old patient with spinal muscular atrophy type III: a case study?

    PubMed Central

    Houle, Sébastien; Descarreaux, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Objective This article describes the chiropractic clinical management and therapeutic benefits accruing to a patient with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder and spinal muscular atrophy type III. Clinical Features A 35-year-old white man presented at the university chiropractic outpatient clinic with a complaint of masseter muscle pain and mouth-opening restriction. Temporomandibular joint range of motion evaluation revealed restricted opening (11 mm interincisival), and pain was rated by the patient at an intensity of 5 on a pain scale of 0 to 10. Intervention and Outcome Chiropractic care was provided and included TMJ mobilization, myofascial therapy, trigger point therapy, and light spinal mobilizations of the upper cervical vertebrae. Final evaluation of TMJ range of motion showed active opening of 12 mm with absence of pain and muscle tenderness of the jaw. Conclusion This case suggests that a patient with musculoskeletal disorders related to underlying neurodegenerative pathologies may benefit from chiropractic management adapted to their condition. In the present case, chiropractic treatment of the TMJ represented a viable, low-cost approach with limited adverse effects compared with surgery. PMID:19948309

  7. UCLA Statistics Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Draper, David

    Created by the Department of Statistics at UCLA, this collection of case studies includes the following topics: stock prices; breast cancer research; effect of fitness program; water use in Los Angeles; oral hygiene in the ICS-II project; Brinks v. New York City; effect of exercise on heart disease; national assessment of educational progress; The London Underground; suicides of women and men; temperature in San Francisco; lead intake; voting for Johnson; salaries of Yale men; K-Mart cookie sales; skeleton differences between tribes; advertising for detergents; did Mendel fudge his data; rainfall in the United Kingdom; jury selection in Alameda County; racial bias in jury selection: Swain v. Alabama; gender bias in jury selection: the case of Dr. Spock; the ELISA test for the AIDS virus; school careers in the Netherlands in 1959; the Northridge Earthquake of January 1994 and the trial of the Pix. This large collection is great for anyone in the field of statistics.

  8. Outcome of combined unicompartmental knee replacement and combined or sequential anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a study of 52 cases with mean follow-up of five years.

    PubMed

    Weston-Simons, J S; Pandit, H; Jenkins, C; Jackson, W F M; Price, A J; Gill, H S; Dodd, C A F; Murray, D W

    2012-09-01

    The Oxford unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is an established treatment option in the management of symptomatic end-stage medial compartmental osteoarthritis (MCOA), which works well in the young and active patient. However, previous studies have shown that it is reliable only in the presence of a functionally intact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). This review reports the outcomes, at a mean of five years and a maximum of ten years, of 52 consecutive patients with a mean age of 51 years (36 to 57) who underwent staged or simultaneous ACL reconstruction and Oxford UKR. At the last follow-up (with one patient lost to follow-up), the mean Oxford knee score was 41 (sd 6.3; 17 to 48). Two patients required conversion to TKR: one for progression of lateral compartment osteoarthritis and one for infection. Implant survival at five years was 93% (95% CI 83 to 100). All but one patient reported being satisfied with the procedure. The outcome was not significantly influenced by age, gender, femoral or tibial tunnel placement, or whether the procedure was undertaken at one- or two-stages. In summary, ACL reconstruction and Oxford UKR gives good results in patients with end-stage MCOA secondary to ACL deficiency. PMID:22933493

  9. Transforming research case studies into teaching cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavel Štrach; André M. Everett

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to encourage consideration of the multiple factors affecting dual use of case studies for both research and teaching, and conversion between the two types; to encourage development of a case transformation protocol to add rigor to this process. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature review with discussion. Findings – Noting that insularity diminishes the potential

  10. Precocity of the acquisition of language and type II spinal muscular atrophy in 3-4-year-old children: a study of 12 cases.

    PubMed

    Bénony, Christelle; Bénony, Hervé

    2005-01-01

    We studied the development of language in 3-4-year-old children with type II spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) (10 boys and two girls), aged 36-47 months (mean age 39.83+/-4.68 months) and compared our findings to a control group of 26 healthy children (mean age 40.00+/-4.43 months, 22 boys and four girls). We carried out a lexicogrammatical analysis of the data and we observed significant differences in the "vocabulary", "nouns", "verbs", "words" and "adverbs" variables between the children with SMA and the controls. Three- to four-year-old children suffering from type II spinal muscular atrophy, an autosomal genetic disease causing severe physical handicap (motor, functional, respiratory), presented a higher level of lexical and semantic development than the controls, demonstrating the precocity of development of morphosyntax in these children. PMID:15843072

  11. Pathology Case Study: Hyperammonemia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Diven, Warren

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a female neonate only two days old became lethargic and developed focal seizures. Visitors are given the high performance liquid chromatography, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

  12. Pathology Case Study: Seizures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dickman, Paul S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 24-day-old baby is failing to thrive and experiencing seizures. Visitors are given the microscopic description, with images, the results of the postmortem examination, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

  13. Pathology Case Study: Lymphoplasmacytic Infiltrate

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Whisnant, Richard

    This hematopathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 40-year-old woman presenting with a nodule in the skin on the left jaw line. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of these images, and the patientâ??s immunohistochemistry and molecular studies are also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  14. Conducting and Reporting Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lichtman, Merilyn; Taylor, Satomi Izumi

    Issues and elements of case study research are explored and illustrated with the example of a case study of a kindergarten in a suburb of Tokyo (Japan). Case study research is a type of qualitative research that concentrates on a single unit or entity, with boundaries established by the researcher. The case is an example drawn from a larger class,…

  15. Case Study: A Typical Cold?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Brent JF Hill (University of Central Arkansas Biology)

    2005-02-02

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with cell physiology and tissue anatomy. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  16. Case Study: Ice Hockey Injury

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

    2004-04-19

    This is a case study for high school and/or undergraduate students in anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores the anatomy and physiology of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Hypertension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Horn, Kevin D.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 20-year-old man has a history of pulmonary hypertension. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Chronic Hypertension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a clinical chemistry case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 57-year-old female has longstanding hypertension and peripheral vascular disease. Visitors are given catheterization procedure data and retroperitoneal ultrasound findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

  19. Pathology Case Study: Intraventricular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bilbao, Juan M., 1938-

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 22-year-old previously healthy woman was admitted to the hospital following a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Visitors are given admission data, CT scan images as well as microscopic description and images in order to provide the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  20. Pathology Case Study: Lung Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in learning. A 59-year-old patient with a history of smoking was admitted for a biopsy of his recently transplanted liver. Laboratory results, X-ray images, microscopic descriptions and images are provided to aid in the understanding of the final diagnosis. The doctor's official conclusions and references are included in the "Final Diagnosis" section. Students entering health sciences fields will find this resource very helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

  1. Pathology Case Study: Testicular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Fowler, Jason C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 18-year-old male with "painless enlargement of the right testes over a period of several months, initially attributed to a sports injury." Visitors are given admission data along with gross and microscopic description, including images and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Hepatitis C

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richert, Charles A.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old male with Hepatitis C has had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in transplant pathology.

  3. Pathology Case Study: Pigmented Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ejadi, Samuel

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man has a pigmented lesion on his right ear. Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

  4. Pathology Case Study: Cervical Lymphadenopathy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Contis, Lydia C.

    This is a hematopathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 17-year-old female has cervical lymphadenopathy. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  5. Neurodevelopment until the adjusted age of 2 years in extremely low birth weight infants after early intervention--a case-control study.

    PubMed

    Salokorpi, T; Sajaniemi, N; Rajantie, I; Hällback, H; Hämäläinen, T; Rita, H; Von Wendt, L

    1998-01-01

    A total of 104 infants with birth weights of less than 1000 grams were enrolled in this prospective case-control study in order to examine the effect of occupational therapy based on sensory integration (SI) and neurodevelopmental therapy (NDT) on neurological development. The children were grouped as matched pairs on the basis of a set of developmental risks assessed at the age of 3 months. The intervention children had a weekly session of 60 minutes of occupational therapy from the corrected age of 6 months up to 12 months. All the children were examined at the corrected age of 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 and 24 months. The neurodevelopment of the cases and the controls did not differ essentially and the only significant difference was found in the social development of the children at the age of 12 months to the advantage of the intervention group. It is concluded that this amount of occupational therapy in at-risk children does not have a relevant effect on neurological development. PMID:10048099

  6. PREDICT : A CASE STUDY.

    SciTech Connect

    Kerscher, W. J. (William J.) III; Booker, J. M. (Jane M.); Meyer, Mary A.

    2001-01-01

    Delphi Automotive Systems and the Los Alamos National Laboratory worked together to develop PREDICT, a new methodology to characterize the reliability of a new product during its development program. Rather than conducting testing after hardware has been built, and developing statistical confidence bands around the results, this updating approach starts with an early reliability estimate characterized by large uncertainty, and then proceeds to reduce the uncertainty by folding in fresh information in a Bayesian framework. A considerable amount of knowledge is available at the beginning of a program in the form of expert judgment which helps to provide the initial estimate. This estimate is then continually updated as substantial and varied information becomes available during the course of the development program. This paper presents a case study of the application of PREDICT, with the objective of further describing the methodology. PREDICT has been honored with an R&D 100 Award presented by R&D Magazine.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Nodules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Arnold, Sonya

    This pediatric pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. The learning objectives located at the top of the page are a great way for students to evaluate their learning progress. This case involves a 12-year-old girl presenting with recurrent lung nodules. Images from chest x-rays and a lung biopsy provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of these images is also provided. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  8. Case Study: The Business End of Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2005-11-01

    This article takes a retrospective look at how the folks in business schools look at the case method. The legacy of cases in business may seem short in the eyes of some but it is positively ancient when compared to the use of the case study in the sciences, which began to take hold in the 1990s. Surprisingly, in spite of its impeccable academic pedigree, there seems to be little literature on the success of the method; virtually no assessment data in business, law, or public policy teaching seems to exist.

  9. Case studies for software engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dewayne E. Perry; Susan Elliott Sim; Steve Easterbrook

    2006-01-01

    The topic of this full-day tutorial was the correct use and interpretation of case studies as an empirical research method. Using an equal blend of lecture and discussion, it gave attendees a foundation for conducting, reviewing, and reading case studies. There were lessons for software engineers as researchers who conduct and report case studies, reviewers who evaluate papers, and practitioners

  10. Case Studies for Software Engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dewayne E. Perry; Susan Elliott Sim; Steve M. Easterbrook

    2004-01-01

    The topic of this full-day tutorial was the correct useand interpretation of case studies as an empiricalresearch method. Using an equal blend of lecture anddiscussion, it gave attendees a foundation for conducting,reviewing, and reading case studies. There were lessonsfor software engineers as researchers who conduct andreport case studies, reviewers who evaluate papers, andpractitioners who are attempting to apply results frompapers.

  11. Big Sky Geophysics: Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clark Jorgenson

    This site from the website of Big Sky Geophysics presents four case studies in geophysical exploration. Each case study examines the use of a particular exploration method: electrical, GPR, gravity, and magnetic/EM. The case studies lay out the circumstances of the exploration, the science behind the method and then displays the data that was gathered during the exploration.

  12. UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/

    E-print Network

    UBC CASE STUDY / Social, Ecological, Economical Developmental Studies (SEEDS) UBC CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Sustainability Office CASE STUDY/ SOCIAL, ECOLOCIAL, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (SEEDS) UBC Campus Sustainability Office #12;UBC CASE STUDY / Social

  13. Distribution of yeast isolates from invasive infections and their in vitro susceptibility to antifungal agents: evidence from 299 cases in a 3-year (2010 to 2012) surveillance study.

    PubMed

    Li, Wei; Hu, Yu-An; Li, Fang-Qiu; Shi, Li-Ning; Shao, Hai-Feng; Huang, Mei; Wang, Ying; Han, Dan-Dan; Liao, Hong; Ma, Chun-Fang; Zhang, Guo-Yong

    2015-06-01

    Invasive yeast infections cause significant morbidity and mortality. Surveillance for the infection is necessary to detect trends in species distribution and antifungal resistance. We performed this retrospective study of yeast infection at Jinling Hospital, Nanjing in China, from year of 2010 to 2012. A total of 341 yeast isolates were obtained from patients with invasive infections in the period. Among these isolates, Candida spp. comprised of the highest percentage of yeast strains (91.8 %), followed by Cryptococcus neoformans (5.9 %) and other non-Candida yeast strains (2.3 %). Bloodstream isolates made up 41.3 % of yeast strains and the isolates from CVC made up 17.3 %. Among Candida spp., C. albicans was the most common species identified from non-blood clinical specimens (42.9 %), but appeared in only 20.8 % of blood isolates (P < 0.001). C. tropicalis was the most prevalent Candida species in the blood samples (28.5 %). Candida spp. was mainly isolated from specimens of the ICU patients, while C. neoformans was mainly isolated from specimens in medical wards. Resistance to FLC occurred in 3.7 % of C. albicans, 9.9 % of C. tropicalis, 74.0 % of C. glabrata, and 4.4 % of C. parapsilosis. Most (>92 %) isolates of C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, and C. neoformans strains were susceptible to VRC; However, 26.7 % of isolates of C. glabrata were VRC resistant. PMID:25588889

  14. Exploring impacts of multi-year, community-based care programs for orphans and vulnerable children: A case study from Kenya

    PubMed Central

    Larson, Bruce A.; Wambua, Nancy; Masila, Juliana; Wangai, Susan; Rohr, Julia; Brooks, Mohamad; Bryant, Malcolm

    2013-01-01

    The Community-Based Care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children (CBCO) program operated in Kenya during 2006–2010. In Eastern Province, the program provided support to approximately 3000 orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) living in 1500 households. A primary focus of the program was to support savings and loan associations composed of OVC caregivers (typically elderly women) to improve household and OVC welfare. Cross-sectional data were collected in 2011 from 1500 randomly selected households from 3 populations: program participants (CBCO group, n = 500), households in the same villages as program participants but not in the program (the local-community-group = Group L, n = 300), and households living in nearby villages where the program did not operate (the adjacent-community-group, Group A, n = 700). Primary welfare outcomes evaluated are household food security, as measured by the Household Food Insecurity Access instrument, and OVC educational attainment. We compared outcomes between the CBCO and the subset of Group L not meeting program eligibility criteria (L-N) to investigate disparities within local communities. We compared outcomes between the CBCO group and the subset of Group A meeting eligibility criteria (A-E) to consider program impact. We compared outcomes between households not eligible for the program in the local and adjacent community groups (L-N and A-N) to consider if the adjacent communities are similar to the local communities. In May-June 2011, at the end of the OVC program, the majority of CBCO households continued to be severely food insecure, with rates similar to other households living in nearby communities. Participation rates in primary school are high, reflecting free primary education. Among the 18–22 year olds who were “children” during the program years, relatively few children completed secondary school across all study groups. Although the CBCO program likely provided useful services and benefits to program participants, disparities continued to exist in food security and educational outcomes between program participants and their non-OVC peers in the local community. Outcomes for CBCO households were similar to those observed for OVC households in adjacent communities. PMID:23745629

  15. Teaching Pharmacology by Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Sue

    1997-01-01

    Using pharmacology case studies with nursing students encourages theory-practice links and infuses real-life content. Cases provide rich qualitative data for evaluating curriculum. However, they are not a substitute for evidence-based practice. (SK)

  16. The Case Study: Senior Seminar

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patrick R. Field

    2003-02-01

    Incorporating a case study format into a senior seminar course is a novel method of teaching the components of a successful seminar. Within this format, seminar presenters familiarize their audience with relevant background information, present a case stu

  17. Twenty-three Years of Evolving "State-of-the-Art" CORK Borehole Geophysical Monitoring: A Review of Technologies and Case Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Davis, E. E.; Becker, K.; Meldrum, R.; Heesemann, M.; Villinger, H. W.; Kinoshita, M.; Paros, J. M.; Inderbitzen, K. E.

    2014-12-01

    The first successful attempt to instrument an Ocean Drilling Program borehole for formation pressure and temperature monitoring and fluid sampling was accomplished in 1991 in Hole 857D, and the system there has been in nearly continuous operation since that time. This hole and others that followed have provided many new insights into ocean crustal and subduction zone hydrogeology and geodynamics, while at the same time being the "proving ground" for a number of technological advances in ocean borehole monitoring, including 1) the CORK scheme itself for sealing holes for hydrologic recovery to natural-state conditions after drilling; 2) the use of absolute pressure sensors for monitoring both relative formation pressures and changes in seafloor depth; 3) multi-level completions for pressure monitoring that leave cased borehole interiors open for other instrumentation; 4) the development of ultra-high-precision, low-power digital recording systems for examining the effects on the formation of seismic and microseismic loading; and 5) the proof-of-concept of an optical communications system that eliminates dependence on submersibles or ROVs for data download operations (see Tivey et al., this session). Relatively low-sample-rate data spanning the first part of the more than two decades of operations have shown how large anomalous pressures generated thermally and by deformation can be; how seafloor tidal loading influences formation pressure and can drive an "a.c." component of flow; and how seismogenic and slow strain can be observed by way of formation-fluid pressure transients. More recent instrumentation has allowed much higher fidelity observations (1 Hz sampling at a resolution of 10-8 of full-scale), and thus is permitting complementary studies of hydrologic, oceanographic, seismic, and microseismic phenomena. Plans for the future include connections to shore via observatory cable systems, such as those of NEPTUNE Canada and DONET, for unlimited power supply and real-time data acquisition (the first having been connected in 2009), and incorporation of quartz sensors, under development at Paroscientific Inc. and Quartz Seismic Sensors Inc., that are coupled to acceleration for monitoring tilt and ground motion.

  18. Firework injuries: a ten-year study.

    PubMed

    Puri, Vinita; Mahendru, Sanjay; Rana, Roshani; Deshpande, Manish

    2009-09-01

    Fireworks are used worldwide to celebrate popular events (e.g. festivals, official celebrations, weddings). The festival of lights (Diwali) is celebrated with fireworks in India. During this period, many patients from all age groups present to hospital with injuries due to fireworks. Prevalence, period of occurrence, sex and age variation, adult supervision, causative fireworks, mode of lighting, age groups prone to injury, patterns of injury caused by individual fireworks, and the body parts injured were studied. One hundred and fifty-seven cases (92 retrospective, 65 prospective) with injury due to fireworks presenting to the Department of Plastic Surgery at KEM Hospital between 1997 and 2006 were studied. The prevalence of injuries has decreased steadily over the last 10 years (41 cases in 1997, 3 cases in 2006). The maximum number of injuries (35%) was seen in the age group 5-14 years; 92% of these children were unsupervised. The commonest cause of injury was firework misuse (41% of cases), followed by device failure (35%). Device failure was commonest with flares/fountains (ground firework emitting sparks upwards) and aerial devices. Flare/fountains caused most injury (39%), sparklers the least (0.6%). Flare/fountains, ground spinners, sparklers, and gunpowder (explosive material from cracker, obtained by tearing paper wrapper and obtaining chemicals) caused only soft tissue burns; stringbombs (high-intensity fire cracker made by wrapping chemicals with jute strings/coir in layers) and rockets (aerial device that zooms upwards and bursts) caused blast injuries, leading to soft tissue disruption and bony injuries. Emergency surgery was done if indicated: tendon and/or neurovascular repair, fracture fixation, flap cover or amputation. Superficial burns were treated with dressings. Certain wounds needed only thorough cleansing of the wound and primary suturing. We concluded that, over a 10-year period, the prevalence of firework injury decreased due to increased awareness in the community. Aggressive awareness campaigns by government and non-government organisations was the cause. We can minimise the number and severity of accidents by raising awareness regarding safety precautions, encouraging professional displays and motivating manufacturers to adhere to strict quality control. PMID:18603491

  19. A One-Year Case Study: Understanding the Rich Potential of Project-Based Learning in a Virtual Reality Class for High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morales, Teresa M.; Bang, EunJin; Andre, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a qualitative case analysis of a new and unique, high school, student-directed, project-based learning (PBL), virtual reality (VR) class. In order to create projects, students learned, on an independent basis, how to program an industrial-level VR machine. A constraint was that students were required to produce at least one…

  20. Pathology Case Study: Dog Bites

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Driscoll, Eileen

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old male with a past medical history significant for lymphoma (in remission). The patient is a health care worker who presented to the emergency room because of a dog bite. Visitors are given a patient history and culture findings, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

  1. Pathology Case Study: Stillborn Fetus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Klatt, Edward C., 1951-

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a 29 year old Hispanic woman who delivered a stillborn fetus with a estimated gestation of 29 weeks. Visitors are provided with patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in perinatal pathology.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Distention

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rao, Uma N. M.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 60-year-old woman who presented with a history of marked abdominal distention lasted for several months with associated progressive fatigue, progressive weight loss and fever. Visitors are given patient history along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in soft tissue pathology.

  3. Pathology Case Study: Immunoglobulin Deficiency

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lopez-Plaza, Iliana

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 60-year-old man was admitted to the Emergency Department with severe back pain. The patientâ??s medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. Results from laboratory tests are also provided in a table. After looking at the â??Patient Historyâ?ť and â??Laboratory Investigationsâ?ť sections, students should proceed on to the â??Questionsâ?ť section, where they can test their knowledge of diagnostics. Then test your answers with the official findings in the â??Diagnosisâ?ť section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of transfusion medicine.

  4. Pathology Case Study: Bilateral Pneumonia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Davie, James

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 75 year old woman "with a past medical history of significant for a 6 month history of cryoglobulinemia with vasculitis, congestive heart failure, hypertension, cryptogenic cirrhosis, peripheral vascular disease, chronic renal insufficiency, anemia, degenerative joint disease, and diverticulitis." Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, and microscopic findings (lung), including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Pulmonary Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gregorio, Remigio

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes "a 46-year-old gentleman with a persistent right lower lobe pulmonary mass after a successfully treated cavitary pneumonia 5 months ago." Visitors are given patient history along with radiology findings and images. They are also given gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

  6. The Use of Native Language in L2 Teaching: A Case Study of English Department and Preparatory Year, Najran University, Saudi Arabia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Dera, Abdullah Saad

    2011-01-01

    Despite many ELT experts' opinions that while teaching a foreign language one should not use the mother tongue in the classroom, new researches show that sparing use of the mother tongue can be effective for the L2 learners. It is true that the 6- year compulsory English education of the school graduates of Saudi Arabia is not quite up to the…

  7. Figuring out How to Be a Teacher in a High-Stakes Context: A Case Study of First-Year Teachers' Conceptual and Practical Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Christopher P.; Bay-Borelli, Debra E.; Scott, Jill

    2015-01-01

    High-stakes education reforms across the United States and the globe continue to alter the landscape of teaching and teacher education. One key but understudied aspect of this reform process is the experiences of first-year teachers, particularly those who participated in these high-stakes education systems as students and as a…

  8. Kindergarteners Can Do It--So Can You: A Case Study of a Constructionist Technology-Rich First Year Seminar for Undergraduate College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beisser, Sally; Gillespie, Catherine

    2003-01-01

    "Constructionism" is a theory of learning proposed by Seymour Papert of MIT. Co-instructors for a first year seminar for undergraduate students provided education students with a one-semester constructionist experience to learn by engaging with technology. Students used LEGO[R] construction bricks and pieces to solve problems by building, working…

  9. Chapter 14 -- Case studies

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Production and use of bioenergy have increased significantly during the past few years, motivated by the global need to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, ensure energy security, and strengthen rural economies. Public policies have been created to enable bioenergy expansion by indicating to inve...

  10. Case Studies in Economic Sanctions

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    From the Institute for International Economics, Case Studies in Economic Sanctions presents, at present, eight in-depth case studies of the effects of economic sanctions in countries including Cuba, Libya, Pakistan, Iran, India, and Myanmar. Each case study is presented in three compact pages beginning with a detailed timeline of the history of the sanctions. The second page offers more information, including the chronological goals of the sender country, response of the target country, attitude of other countries, and legal notes. The final page contains economic statistics, assessments by economists, and concise authors's summaries. Worthy of note are the lengthy bibliographies that accompany each case study.

  11. A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study

    E-print Network

    Köbben, Barend

    A New Zealand case study A New Zealand case study Open Source, Open Standards, Open Data by Brent Alexander Wood NIWA, New Zealand. pcreso@pcreso.com Abstract The National Institute for Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) is New Zealand's leading agency providing freshwater, ocean, climate, atmosphere

  12. Case Study: Case Studies and the Flipped Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herreid, Clyde Freeman; Schiller, Nancy A.

    2013-01-01

    This column provides original articles on innovations in case study teaching, assessment of the method, as well as case studies with teaching notes. This month's issue discusses the positive and negative aspects of the "flipped classroom." In the flipped classroom model, what is normally done in class and what is normally done as…

  13. A Case Study: A New Course on Engineering Project and Management for First-Year Graduate Students in Electrical and Computer Engineering

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lee, Wookwon

    The electrical and computer engineering (ECE) department at the University offers a graduate curriculum that is designed to help students develop skills for system integration and acquire effective business and technology practices, as well as, fundamental knowledge in the ECE field. As part of the curriculum, a new course on engineering project and management has been recently introduced to first-year graduate students. This new course guides students through a complete design cycle from inception to completion with a pre-defined project of a complex system. This paper focuses on the experience and lessons learned from offering the Capstone like, project-based design course to first-year ECE graduate students. It reports details of the course and pedagogical approaches to achieving the course objectives. Evaluation results are also presented on course outcomes and learning experience of students.

  14. Case Study: Interventions for an ADHD Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartlep, Nicholas Daniel

    2009-01-01

    This case study was done in partial fulfillment of a Master of Science in Education (M.S.Ed.) Graduate Course the participant-observer was completing. The participant-observer learned a lot about Dmitrov, the child in this study. Dmitrov was a 2nd-grade student who was diagnosed (late in the school year) with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity…

  15. POST - CATARACTOMY DELIRIUM : A TWO YEAR PROSPECTIVE STUDY

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhury, S.; Mahar, R.S.; Augustine, M.

    1992-01-01

    A two year prospective study of 221 consecutive inpatients undergoing cataractomy revealed the incidence of post-cataractomy delirium to be 1.8%. While in one case the delirium was due to anticholinergic toxicity, in the remaining three cases no organic cause was evident. Sensory deprivation was present in two patients. Preventive measures for the condition are discussed. PMID:21776117

  16. Calendar Year study term 1

    E-print Network

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    and biomass. Carleton University's program in Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering provides you and Renewable Energy Engineering offers: a problem-solving approach to learning, as well as a professional focus on sustainability and renewable energy technologies; the opportunity to follow one of two study

  17. The Big Read: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Endowment for the Arts, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The Big Read evaluation included a series of 35 case studies designed to gather more in-depth information on the program's implementation and impact. The case studies gave readers a valuable first-hand look at The Big Read in context. Both formal and informal interviews, focus groups, attendance at a wide range of events--all showed how…

  18. Determinants of short stature in normal children at the age of two years: a case-control study in a community in Jerusalem.

    PubMed Central

    Geefhuysen, J; Adler, B; Palti, H

    1980-01-01

    Differences were analysed between growth patterns and determinants of physical growth in two groups of normal infants at 24 months. Longitudinal data routinely collected in a mother and child clinic were analysed. At 24 months, 26% of cohort infants were at or below the 10th percentile for length (= 'small' infants); 98 of these were compared with 83 'medium' infants (between the 50th and the 75th percentile, for example). Excessive downward deviation of length percentiles was seen in 80% of 'small' infants. In 20% their birthweight was on the 10th percentile or below; 50% had a mother less than 155 cm tall; maternal stature was closely linked with socioeconomic factors. Of mothers with less than nine years of schooling, 70% had 'small' infants. In 95% of both groups growth attainment at two years could be predicted from data at 12 months. The known factors influencing deviant physical growth overlap with those of mental and social development. Growth deviation by itself may identify infants open to multiple risks, especially if their mothers have a low educational level. Further narrowing of the target group for specialised intervention strategies should be attempted. PMID:7241029

  19. Acute mastoiditis in children: A 12-year retrospective study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EARL H. HARLEY; THEO SDRALIS; ROBERT G. BERKOWITZ

    1997-01-01

    We undertook a retrospective study to examine our experience with acute mastoiditis over a 12-year period. Fifty-eight cases were identified in children aged 3 months to 15 years. Acute mastoiditis was the first evidence of otitis media in 54% of our patients. Pain and fever lasting for more than a median period of 4 days were most likely to be

  20. A Study on Mental Disorders: 5-year Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Celine, Thalappillil Mathew; Antony, Jimmy

    2014-01-01

    Background: “Mental disorder” is the most common used term in the modern life and the main reason behind this may be the mechanical way of life or stress and strain among youth. Aim: To find the pattern of mental disorders of hospitalized patients in a medical college hospital from 1st April 2005 to 31st March 2010. Settings and Design: A retrospective study conducted among the patients admitted with mental disorders in a medical college hospital from 1st April 2005 to 31st March 2010. Materials and Methods: Data collected from the registers maintained in the medical records department. Statistical Analysis: Z test is used for the comparison of proportions. Results: A total of 7908 mental disorder cases reported in the medical college hospital, 5564 (70.36%) were males and 2344 (29.64%) were females. Most cases occurred in the age group of 30-44 years. Mental disorder was more among females than males in 0-29 years and ? 60 years, but in 30-59 years males were more. In each year, mental disorders were reported more in males than females. Of the cases, most of them were mood disorders. Mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use were more among males but schizophrenia, delusional disorders, mood disorders, stress-related disorders, mental retardation, and so on were more among females. Conclusion: Mood disorder was the most occurred mental disorder and the next leading mental disorder was mental and behavioral disorders due to psychoactive substance use. Counseling can be helpful for preventing most of the mental disorders. Improve the mental health care facilities will be the solution for controlling the mental disorders. PMID:24791229

  1. Using Case Studies to Teach Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2006-01-01

    Storytelling as a formal educational device arguably entered the didactic scene about 100 years ago with case study teaching at Harvard (Herreid 1994). There in the law and business schools, instructors and students analyzed realistic stories as exemplars of good and bad practice. Today, however, storytelling does not have to be limited to the traditional discussion formula advocated in these schools. This chapter describes various types of case study methods, reviews their virtues and weaknesses, and discusses the impact of case-based instruction in science education.

  2. Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study

    E-print Network

    Residential Refrigerator Recycling Ninth Year Retention Study Study ID Nos. 546B, 563 Prepared RECYCLING PROGRAMS Study ID Nos. 546B and 563 Prepared for Southern California Edison Rosemead, California

  3. DBMS conversion case study

    SciTech Connect

    Dale, B.C.

    1984-01-01

    The Integrated Procurement System (IPS) is a very large data base application that supports purchasing, accounts payable and cost accounting for materials and services at Sandia National Laboratories. The system was the first data base application installed as a production system and has been around since the early 1970s. The size of the network data base is approximately 130 million characters and there are approximately 20 separate production jobs that run against it to perform various functions. In all, there are about 80 programs with a total of around 120,000 lines of COBOL source code. Several years ago, a redevelopment effort was launched to design and program a new Integrated Procurement System which would incorporate several features that were not available in the old version, including the capability to account for line item details on purchase orders and to perform our receiving function in an automated fashion rather than manually. It was also a goal to have all data input via screen programs, i.e., terminal input rather than keypunch and batched. The development of this conversion is described.

  4. Potential role of vegetation feedback in the climate sensitivity of high-latitude regions: A case study at 6000 years B.P.

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kutzbach, J.-E.; Bartlein, P.J.; Foley, J.A.; Harrison, S.P.; Hosteller, S.W.; Liu, Z.; Prentice, I.C.; Webb, T., III

    1996-01-01

    Previous climate model simulations have shown that the configuration of the Earth's orbit during the early to mid-Holocene (approximately 10-5 kyr) can account for the generally warmer-than-present conditions experienced by the high latitudes of the northern hemisphere. New simulations for 6 kyr with two atmospheric/mixed-layer ocean models (Community Climate Model, version 1, CCM1, and Global ENvironmental and Ecological Simulation of Interactive Systems, version 2, GENESIS 2) are presented here and compared with results from two previous simulations with GENESIS 1 that were obtained with and without the albedo feedback due to climate-induced poleward expansion of the boreal forest. The climate model results are summarized in the form of potential vegetation maps obtained with the global BIOME model, which facilitates visual comparisons both among models and with pollen and plant macrofossil data recording shifts of the forest-tundra boundary. A preliminary synthesis shows that the forest limit was shifted 100-200 km north in most sectors. Both CCM1 and GENESIS 2 produced a shift of this magnitude. GENESIS 1 however produced too small a shift, except when the boreal forest albedo feedback was included. The feedback in this case was estimated to have amplified forest expansion by approximately 50%. The forest limit changes also show meridional patterns (greatest expansion in central Siberia and little or none in Alaska and Labrador) which have yet to be reproduced by models. Further progress in understanding of the processes involved in the response of climate and vegetation to orbital forcing will require both the deployment of coupled atmosphere-biosphere-ocean models and the development of more comprehensive observational data sets.

  5. Bone cement with reduced proportion of monomer in total hip arthroplasty: Preclinical evaluation and randomized study of 47 cases with 5 years' follow-up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bo Nivbrant; Johan Kärrholm; Stefan Röhrl; Helén Hassander; Bengt Wesslén

    2001-01-01

    Bone cement with reduced amount of monomer and low curing temperature may improve implant fixation due to reduced toxicity. We analyzed the mechanical, chemical and thermal properties of such a cement (Cemex Rx) using Palacos R as control. The in vivo performance of the 2 cements was also evaluated in a prospective randomized study of 47 hips, where either of

  6. Releasing the digital elevation model for the whole Italian territory: a case study reporting two years of core-data dissemination for Earth Sciences communities and other stakeholders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tarquini, Simone; Nannipieri, Luca

    2014-05-01

    EPOS (European Plate Observing System) is the European initiative for the implementation and integration of European Research Infrastructures in the field of Solid Earth Sciences. In particular, EPOS is aimed at creating a common environment for data exchange for both the scientific community and relevant stakeholders interested in Earth Sciences. In such a context, a service providing access to the complete topography of one of the countries participating in EPOS represents a step forward towards the realization of the EPOS mission. Here we report about two years of activity of a data dissemination service which released (for free) a digital elevation model (DEM) of the whole Italian territory at 10 m-resolution named TINTALY/01. The new TINITALY/01 DEM for the whole Italian territory was completed and presented by INGV in 2007. This DEM was the final result of a project funded by the Italian Ministry of the Environment. TINITALY/01 was completed in two phases: in a first phase, independent elevation models for single regions were derived, and in a second phase, all the regional models were merged into a single, seamless model covering the whole territory of Italy. In early 2012, a web portal was published (http://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/) through which the above DEM is open for a full web-GIS navigation (3-D navigation in anaglyph mode or standard 2-D hillshade), and where internet navigators can ask for the download of the DEM dataset (in grid format, 10 m-resolution) through the compilation of an online form (http://tinitaly.pi.ingv.it/account_request_form.html). Submission of the form implies stating the destination of use for the data, and acceptance of the policy of use (i.e. no-profit use). After nearly two years from the opening of the portal, the DEM is still browsed by up to 10-20 users per day (about 3000 visits throughout 2013). As of 31 December 2013, about 220 users affiliated to nearly 150 different institutions or associations (i.e. universities, research institutes, local administrations, etc..) based on 20 different countries (10% of the users from outside Europe) have been accredited for the download of the DEM. The analysis of the destinations of use declared by users shows that they have very different interests, ranging from any branch within Earth Sciences (e.g. Gravimetry, Volcanology, Seismics, Geomorphology etc..) to applied Physics, Archaeology and History, Zoology, Forestry Sciences, Remote Sensing, Civil Protection, Land Use Planning and Environmental Management etc. Although this service was originally designed and set up outside the EPOS umbrella, the present report illustrates the utility and need of even relatively small infrastructures for the dissemination of core data in the field of Earth Sciences. This experience shows that a similar service can attract the interest of a large variety of scientific communities and private and public stakeholders, which can largely benefit from the availability of similar core-data. To date, TINITALY/01 is the DEM with the highest resolution freely accessible for the whole Italian territory.

  7. A case of cough variant asthma undiagnosed for 16 years

    PubMed Central

    Sridaran, Sankar; Gonzalez-Estrada, Alexei; Aronica, Mark A.

    2014-01-01

    A 64-year-old female patient presented with a 16-year history of persistent dry cough that was undiagnosed after workups at several healthcare facilities. The patient denies wheezing, shortness of breath or sputum production. Previous workups include chest imaging, transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE), laryngoscopy, spirometry and bronchoscopy, all of which were unremarkable. During her current evaluation, spirometry was ordered again for the patient, which showed a post-bronchodilator improvement in the FEV1 by 13%, strongly suggestive of asthma. The patient was started on pharmacological therapy for severe persistent asthma, which led to sustained symptomatic improvement per evaluation at follow-up after 2 months. Spirometric findings, clinical presentation and resolution of symptoms with adequate therapy for asthma suggest that this is a case of cough variant asthma that went undiagnosed for several years. This case report summarizes the workup for chronic cough and how the diagnosis of cough variant asthma can be missed. PMID:25988016

  8. Changes in relative sea-level and coastal morphology during the last 5000 years - a case study from the island of Samsř, Denmark

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ulfeldt Hede, Mikkel; Sander, Lasse; Clemmensen, Lars B.; Kroon, Aart; Pejrup, Morten; Nielsen, Lars

    2015-04-01

    Changes in relative sea-level (RSL) during the mid- to late Holocene are reconstructed based on internal beach ridge geometry imaged by ground-penetrating radar. Data were collected across a raised beach-ridge system on the island of Samsř, Denmark. The internal architecture of the beach-ridge system is divided into characteristic radar facies. We identify downlap points interpreted to mark the transition from the beachface to the upper shoreface, which we assume to represent actual sea-level at the time of deposition. The absolute vertical level of the identified downlap points are combined with an age-distance model based on optically stimulated luminescence dated samples to construct a RSL curve for the past c. 5000 years. To our knowledge, this is the longest RSL reconstruction based on this proxy. The dataset shows that the period between c. 4800-3800 yr BP was characterized by relatively high RSL values of c. 2.3 m above mean sea level. A marked decrease in RSL of c. 1.3 m occurred between c. 3800-3600 yr BP at a rate of c. 5 mm/yr. After c. 3500 yr BP the RSL curve shows a gradually decrease at a rate of c. 0.6 mm/yr. This new data set further revealed reflections interpreted as beach steps. In combination with estimated changes in dip values of interpreted beachface reflectors, these observations may provide information about changes in the morphodynamic conditions of beach-ridge construction and progradation through time.

  9. Hydrological change during the last 600 years as observed from landscape analysis and historical maps: a case study from the Nete catchment, Campine area, NE-Belgium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beerten, Koen; Leterme, Bertrand

    2015-04-01

    Reliably predicting the future state of the hydrological system under transient climate and land use conditions is a major challenge. Hydrological models are usually calibrated and validated for a short time period (e.g. 30 years), for conditions that are similar to today's. In order to test model performance for future (unverifiable) projections, palaeohydrological modelling is first needed to build confidence in model output under different conditions. One of the major challenges of palaeohydrological modelling is the acquisition of verification data that is representative for the past state(s) of the hydrological system. Here, we present the reconstructed evolution of the groundwater table depth over the last six centuries, in a sandy interfluvium (20 km˛ with altitude varying between 16 m and 28 m a.s.l.) of the Nete catchment. For periods before 1770 AD, the altitude (depth) of blown-out surfaces in the drift sand landscape is used as a proxy for the average highest groundwater level. These surfaces are generally interpreted as the lower limit for wind erosion. Soil profiles investigations where these surfaces are overblown by younger drift sand show that they were created in the time period between ca. 1400 AD and 1600 AD. For younger periods, historical maps were analysed for the presence of surface water features, such as fens (shallow lakes that are groundwater fed in this sandy landscape under temperate climate), marshes and wetlands. The results clearly show declining water levels in the second half of the 19th century, i.e., between 1854 AD and 1909 AD. The decline is most pronounced for the higher areas of the interfluve (drift sand landscape) and becomes less clear towards the floodplains. The amount of groundwater level decline is 1-2 m on average. The cause for the synchronous groundwater level drop seems to be linked to land use and land cover changes during that period. In the time interval between 1854 AD and 1909 AD, the total length of drains increased from 2 km to 25 km, while land cover changed from 80% heathland and almost no trees to only 20% heathland and 50% coniferous forest. Available palaeoclimate records suggest that there is no correlation between groundwater level change and average annual temperature or precipitation. Furthermore, population density seems to be uncorrelated with the observed hydrological changes. Internal consistency checks are performed and found satisfactory. For example, the high groundwater levels predicted by the blown-out surfaces for 1400-1600 AD are confirmed by surface water features on younger historical maps (~1770 AD and ~1850 AD). Indeed, pollen analysis, topographical maps and climate records show that land cover and climate did not change significantly throughout the period 1400 AD to 1850 AD. We conclude that the proposed methods are useful tools to gather verification data (i.e., groundwater table depth) for palaeohydrological modelling in the European sand belt during the last millenium.

  10. Selective eaters: a retrospective case note study.

    PubMed

    Timimi, S; Douglas, J; Tsiftsopoulou, K

    1997-05-01

    The literature on children who present with selective eating is limited to single case studies. This study aims to provide a descriptive clinical profile for these children. Case notes of 33 patients between 4 and 14 years of age, seen in two clinics over a 4-year-period were studied. Over two-thirds of the cases were boys. A significant minority had poor growth or weight gain. The children suffered from anxiety, obsessive compulsive symptoms, both food and non-food related and often had social and school difficulties. Mealtimes caused immense anxiety for family members and frequent mealtime battles was reported by the parents of the younger selective eaters, whereas parents of older children seemed to have given up trying to change their child's eating habits. A history of depression in at least one parent was found in a third of the parental couples. PMID:9158914

  11. Hydrogeologic Case Studies (Seattle, WA)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  12. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (DENVER PRESENTATION)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  13. HYDROGEOLOGIC CASE STUDIES (CHICAGO, IL)

    EPA Science Inventory

    Hydrogeology is the foundation of subsurface site characterization for evaluations of monitored natural attenuation (MNA). Three case studies are presented. Examples of the potentially detrimental effects of drilling additives on ground-water samples from monitoring wells are d...

  14. Root Resorption a 6-Year Follow-up Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Dias, Caroline; Closs, Luciane; Barletta, Fernando; Reston, Eduardo; Tovo, Maximiano F; Lambert, Paula

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the clinical course of a pediatric patient developing cervical external root resorption (CERR). An 11-year old male patient had sustained dental trauma and was diagnosed with crown fracture affecting the incisal and middle thirds of the maxillary right permanent central incisor and the maxillary right permanent lateral incisor with pulp exposure and CERR after 24 months. Diagnosis and treatment of CERR are a challenge for dental practitioners. In this case, preservation of natural dentition is shown as a successful treatment in a 6-year follow-up. PMID:25870717

  15. Cardiac rehabilitation with a nurse case manager (GoHeart) across local and regional health authorities improves risk factors, self-care and psychosocial outcomes. A one-year follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    Maindal, Helle Terkildsen

    2014-01-01

    Objectives In Denmark, the local and regional health authorities share responsibility for cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The objective was to assess effectiveness of CR across sectors coordinated by a nurse case manager (NCM). Design A one-year follow-up study. Setting A CR programme (GoHeart) was evaluated in a cohort at Lillebaelt Hospital Vejle, DK from 2010 to 2011. Participants Consecutive patients admitted to CR were included. The inclusion criteria were the event of acute myocardial infarction or stable angina and invasive revascularization (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ?45%). Main outcome measures Cardiac risk factors, stratified self-care and self-reported psychosocial factors (SF12 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)) were assessed at admission (phase IIa), at three months at discharge (phase IIb) and at one-year follow-up (phase III). Intention-to-treat and predefined subgroup analysis on sex was performed. Results Of 241 patients, 183 (75.9%) were included (mean age 63.8 years). At discharge improvements were found in total-cholesterol (p?year follow-up these outcomes were maintained; additionally there was improvement in body mass index (BMI; p?year follow-up. PMID:25396055

  16. The Case Study: Professional Development Cases

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dava Coleman

    2006-09-01

    A professional development case in college science teaching bridges the gap between educational theory and practice. A good case poses an interesting dilemma involving instructors, students, and administrators. Case discussions can help instructors take charge of their own professional development and create a community of shared professional support within their colleges. These discussions help overcome the sense of isolation that many instructors, particularly new ones, can experience.

  17. Teaching Case: Enterprise Architecture Specification Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steenkamp, Annette Lerine; Alawdah, Amal; Almasri, Osama; Gai, Keke; Khattab, Nidal; Swaby, Carval; Abaas, Ramy

    2013-01-01

    A graduate course in enterprise architecture had a team project component in which a real-world business case, provided by an industry sponsor, formed the basis of the project charter and the architecture statement of work. The paper aims to share the team project experience on developing the architecture specifications based on the business case

  18. Case Study: Sex and Vaccination

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid

    2008-05-01

    This case study is centered upon the recent debate concerning the decision by Texas Governor Rick Perry to mandate the compulsory vaccination of girls in the Texas public school system against the human papillomavirus (HPV) prior to entering the sixth grade. The interrupted case method is particularly appropriate for this subject with the case sections providing a general overview of the disease, the reasons for such a mandatory vaccination program, the reasons against such a program, and finally a disclosure of what ultimately transpired in Texas.

  19. Five years with a rectal foreign body: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Ozbilgin, Mücahit; Arslan, Baha; Yakut, Mehmet Can; Aksoy, Süleyman Ozkan; Terzi, Mustafa Cem

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Rectal foreign bodies are rare colorectal emergencies. They are important for the complications that may occur. Delayed response causes a wide range of complications or may even result in death. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 22 years old male patient was seen at our hospital with anal pain, discharge, and complaining of incontinence. The patient stated that a bottle of beverage was placed into his anal canal in an inverted manner for sexual satisfaction 5 years previously. DISCUSSION After clinical and radiological assessment under general anaesthesia in the lithotomy position the object was removed by a laparotomy. He was advised to seek legal help and he received psychiatric treatment in the postoperative period prior to his discharge. CONCLUSION Complications such as abscess, perianal fistula complicated by severe pelvic sepsis and osteomyelitis were expected complications in this case. As in this case, a surgical approach may eliminate dissection planes, increasing morbidity and mortality related to the injuring of surrounding bodies during object extraction. PMID:25553525

  20. A case of premature ovarian failure in a 33-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F M; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

  1. A Case of Premature Ovarian Failure in a 33-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F. M.; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

  2. The spectrum of acquired cognitive disturbances in children with partial epilepsy and continuous spike-waves during sleep. A 4-year follow-up case study with prolonged reversible learning arrest and dysfluency.

    PubMed

    Deonna, T; Davidoff, V; Maeder-Ingvar, M; Zesiger, P; Marcoz, J P

    1997-01-01

    We report a longitudinal study (7-11 years) of a previously normal boy (MR) who presented from the age of 5 years with rare partial motor seizures and atypical 'absences'. The history revealed a stagnation in development and speech difficulties a few months before onset of his epilepsy. The first waking electroencephalogram (EEG) showed rare generalized discharges during hyperventilation. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an arachnoid cyst in the frontotemporal region. Although his epilepsy never became severe, he experienced important learning difficulties. Subsequent EEGs became increasingly active with left focal epileptic activity and continuous spike-waves during sleep (CSWS) present from the first sleep EEG. The first neuropsychological evaluation (7 years) showed a speech dysfluency, word finding and naming problems, inattention and low intelligence quotient. Carbamazepine was changed to clobazam and later ethosuximide was added with a rapid improvement (within 1 month) in linguistic and cognitive performances as well as in behaviour. Furthermore, the patient showed considerable progress in acquisition over the next months whereas learning to read had previously been very difficult. The epileptic activity gradually disappeared and he was able to follow regular school at an age-appropriate level. This case adds a new facet to the already recognized more obvious acquired neuropsychological disturbances known to occur in some partial childhood epilepsy syndromes with CSWS (aphasia, dementia). It manifested as prolonged insidious stagnation in learning and subtle language disability. This study documents rapid specific language improvement with change in anti-epileptic drugs and a restored immediate and long-term learning capacity, suggesting a direct but 'hidden' role of epilepsy. PMID:10728188

  3. Case Study Research in School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kratochwill, Thomas R.

    1985-01-01

    Case study investigation refers to the relatively uncontrolled and subjectively described study of a single case. Several different types of case studies are reviewed including nontherapeutic, assessment, and therapeutic/intervention. Suggestions for improving case study investigations and recommendations for future case study research in school…

  4. Double J stent forgotten for 7 years: a case report.

    PubMed

    Chen, Chun-Kai; Li, Ching-Chia; Ke, Hung-Lung; Chou, Yii-Her; Huang, Chun-Hsiung; Shih, Ming-Chen

    2003-02-01

    Ureteral stents are an integral part of urologic practices. Nonetheless, stents that migrate, fragment, or are forgotten pose management and legal dilemmas. We report the case of a "forgotten" stent, which migrated upward into the right renal pelvis, concomitant with a ureteral stone. The "forgotten" stent was placed 7 years previously during right ureteral stone treatment. The patient finally underwent nephroscopic stent retrieval and ureteroscopic ureteral stone removal. The final plain X-ray demonstrated no stone fragment or residual double J stent fragment. The patient withstood the procedure well and was free of symptoms thereafter. PMID:12751603

  5. Pathology Case Study: Sore Throat and Leukocytosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Holst, Valerie

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. A 68 year old female with a sore throat is the focus of this particular case. The patient's history reveals an increased white blood cell count, anemia and thrombocytopenia. A list of the her current medication, as well as the microscopic description, cell images, and flow cytometry are also included in the case file. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics. Students are encouraged to examine each aspect of the case and test their diagnostic skills against the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

  6. Global Hakka: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jessieca Jones

    2010-01-01

    This paper is based on a case study of a small group of Hakkas who have left the village-town of Beruas in the state of Perak on the west coast of the Malaysian Peninsula to make their homes overseas – mostly in cultures which are very different from the Hakka environment in which they grew up. It looks at: the

  7. Case studies of uncommon headaches.

    PubMed

    Evans, Randolph W

    2006-05-01

    The following interesting and uncommon headache disorders are presented through case studies: exploding head syndrome, hypnic headache, neck-tongue syndrome, "Alice in Wonderland" syndrome, nummular headache, red ear syndrome, burning mouth syndrome, spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome, and cardiac cephalalgia. PMID:16684636

  8. Case study: Maritime domain awareness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. E. White; S. K. Semy

    2010-01-01

    We show how sharing of maritime information available from various data producers can strengthen marine domain awareness across agency boundaries and therefore enhance homeland security. This is based on a 2006-2007 pilot project implementing information sharing in the maritime domain which was documented in a Harvard Kennedy School case study. We emphasize those instances where complex systems engineering principles apply

  9. Case Studies in Applied Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathematical Association of America, Washington, DC.

    This collection of nine case studies in applied mathematics was written primarily for the use of the instructor by a Conference sponsored by the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM). Each chapter contains exercises of varying degrees of difficulty and several include student projects. The materials were used on a trial…

  10. Pathology Case Study: Post-operative bleeding

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kiss, Joseph

    This transfusion medicine case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves an 83-year-old woman with post-operative bleeding and anemia. Laboratory values are provided in Table 1. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  11. Pathology Case Study: Right Neck Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Craig, Fiona

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 79-year-old man with "cervical, axillary, inguinal, and abdominal lymphadenopathy whose case was sent for consultation." Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  12. Pediatric drowning: a 20-year review of autopsied cases: I. Demographic features.

    PubMed

    Somers, Gino R; Chiasson, David A; Smith, Charles R

    2005-12-01

    Drowning is a significant cause of childhood mortality in the developed world. Males and preschool-aged children are overrepresented in most series of pediatric drowning. To obtain a better understanding of age- and gender-related factors, a retrospective review of autopsy records over a 20-year period (1984-2003) for cases of drowning (exclusive of bathtub drownings) was performed. Sixty-three consecutive cases of drowning were identified in 45 males and 18 females (ratio 2.5; P = 0.0007). The ages ranged from 9 months to 17 years, and most cases occurred in the 0- to 4-year age group (57%). Boys tended to be older than girls (5 years 9 months versus 4 years 4 months; P = 0.2133). Sites of drowning were open water (48%) and pools (44%), with children drowning in open water being significantly older than those drowning in pools (6 years 6 months versus 4 years 6 months; P = 0.0462). Most boys drowned in open water (53%), whereas most girls drowned in pools (50%). Resuscitation was attempted after the drowning episode in 84% of cases, with children aged 4 years or less having significantly higher rates than older children (P = 0.0346). The present study highlights differences in the pattern of drowning according to age and sex and may aid in developing targeted educational and preventative campaigns. PMID:16304462

  13. A Story of High School Inclusion: An Ethnographic Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKee, Ann Marie

    2011-01-01

    This is an ethnographic case study of the inclusion of a fifteen-year-old male with severe disabilities in general education classes in a four-year high school in a medium-sized Midwestern city. The study took place during the student's freshman and sophomore years. The investigator interviewed 17 of the participants in the student's inclusion;…

  14. Pathology Case Study: Parotid Gland Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dacic, Sanja

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 53-year-old woman was treated for a â??progressively enlarging, painless mass in the area of the left parotid gland.â?ť Gross and microscopic images and descriptions of the specimen removed from the patient are included in the case study. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of head and neck pathology.

  15. Department of Pathology-Case Studies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Students in the health sciences learn from case studies, patient histories, and a variety of other means. In recent years, a number of medical schools in the United States have contributed to medical education by placing slide collections, pathology reports, and other related materials online. The University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine is part of this delightful trend, and they have placed a number of case studies culled from their Department of Pathology's files here on this site. Visitors can look over these files by patient history or diagnosis, and all told, there are well over 500 cases offered here. Visitors can read the pathology reports, view selections of related medical images and scans, and also read the final diagnosis report.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Prolonged Oral Bleeding

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bontempo, Franklin

    This transfusion medicine case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 2-year-old boy presenting with prolonged oral bleeding. Images from a biopsy of the nodule provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. A description of the patientâ??s physical exam, as well as lab test results and additional workup are all included in the case study. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  17. Autogenous bonding of lower incisors: case report and 17-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Lima, Marina Deus Moura; Lima, Cacilda Castelo Branco; Dantos-Neta, Neusa Barros; Moura, Marcoeli Silva; de Moura, Carmem Dolores Vilarinho Soares; Moura, Lucia Fatima Almeida Deus

    2013-01-01

    Among injuries that affect permanent teeth, the most prevalent is an uncomplicated crown fracture. Currently, autogenous bonding of the fragments is still the procedure of choice to restore fractured anterior teeth if the fragments are recovered by the patient and taken to a dental office within a reasonable time in an appropriate storage medium. There is no study or case report in the literature regarding autogenous bonding of lower incisors. This study presents a case with a 17-year follow-up for a 9-year-old patient who underwent uncomplicated crown fractures of the permanent mandibular central incisors and was treated by autogenous bonding of the tooth fragments. After 17 years, clinical and radiographic dental elements present vitality, and the restorations remain without major cosmetic changes. This case shows that autogenous bonding can be considered as a treatment option in the management of fractured lower incisors. PMID:23649586

  18. Contribution of stable isotopes (C,N,S) in collagen of late Pleistocene large mammal trophic ecology and landscape use: a case study in Goyet and Scladina cave (30-40,000 years BP)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bocherens, Hervé; Germonpré, Mietje

    2010-05-01

    Two Belgian caves yielded very rich large mammal associations dating around 30 to 40,000 years ago: Goyet and Scladina cave (layer 1A). These sites are only 5 km apart but the cave entrances open on different valleys, in a quite diverse landscape ranging between open, unprotected uplands, steep cliffs and sheltered sun-exposed gorges, with the larger Meuse valley nearby. This mosaic scenery permitted during the Last Glacial a rich diversity of fossil flora and fauna. The faunal association includes a large diversity of taxa including Aurochs Bos primigenius, steppe bison Bison priscus, reindeer Rangifer tarandus, giant deer Megaloceros giganteus, horse Equus ferus, woolly rhinoceros Coelodonta antiquitatis, woolly mammoth Mammuthus primigenius, cave bear Ursus spelaeus, brown bear Ursus arctos, wolf Canis lupus, cave lion Panthera leo spelaea, and cave hyaena Crocuta crocuta spelaea. All the 90 studied bones and teeth yielded collagen with excellent collagen preservation, allowing reliable investigations of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur isotopic biogeochemistry. The combination of three different isotopic tracers allows to deciphering the effects of food selection and landscape use by different herbivorous and carnivorous taxa. This is the first study to include sulfur isotopic signatures in the study of late Quaternary large mammal palaeobiology. This new tracer yields evidence on mobility and differences in pasture areas, as different geological bedrock may exhibit various sulfur isotopic signatures that will pass on the herbivores and further on their predators. Using this feature in addition to the trophic information provided by carbon and nitrogen isotopic signatures, it appears that for some species present in both sites, such as horse and woolly rhinoceros, the individuals found in each site probably did not use the same pasture areas. This seems to also the case for the overwhelmingly vegetarian cave bears. In addition, individuals from the same species found in one site sometimes exhibit clear isotopic differences in the three isotopic tracers that suggest different pasture grounds as well, and therefore the possibility of different herds in the vicinity of the cave site. In the case of cave hyeanas, the isotopic signatures of individuals from both caves are not significantly different and suggest that these predators obtained their prey from a large territory including the pasture grounds of herbivores from both caves. In addition, direct radiocarbon dating of some of the studied collagen allows to investigating possible chronological trends. This study shows how new isotopic tracers can provide invaluable information on late Quaternary large mammal palaeobiology.

  19. Eco Audit Bottle Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ashby, Mike

    2011-02-01

    10 minute excerpt from a web seminar with Mike Ashby (February 2011) describes a case study that can be used to introduce sustainability concepts to introductory level students. Based on Powerpoint lecture unit 12 which can also be found on the Granta Design site at http://teaching.grantadesign.com/open/eco.htm or on MatDL at http://matdl.org/repository/view/matdl:1058.

  20. Stochastic efficiency: five case studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Proesmans, Karel; Van den Broeck, Christian

    2015-06-01

    Stochastic efficiency is evaluated in five case studies: driven Brownian motion, effusion with a thermo-chemical and thermo-velocity gradient, a quantum dot and a model for information to work conversion. The salient features of stochastic efficiency, including the maximum of the large deviation function at the reversible efficiency, are reproduced. The approach to and extrapolation into the asymptotic time regime are documented.

  1. Use of personalized decision analysis in decision making for Palliative vs. surgical management of the oldest-old patients with localized skin cancer in a culturally sensitive environment: a case study of a 96-year-old male Taiwanese patient.

    PubMed

    Chien, Chun-Ru; Shih, Ya-Chen Tina

    2013-04-01

    Clinical management of older cancer patients is challenging, especially for those in the oldest-old age group. In the Chinese culture, the preference toward noninvasive care for patients in this age group may create a difficult situation for clinicians when the cancer is potentially curable. Palliative care may not always be the obvious choice, especially if patients suffer from quality-of-life impairment because of symptoms related to progression of the untreated cancer. Balancing between higher rates of toxicities and potential gains in quality of life from anticancer therapies among the oldest old presents a real challenge in clinical practice. Decision analysis is an analytical tool that has a long history of successful application in clinical decision making. In this case study of a 96-year-old male with localized skin cancer, we demonstrate that personalized decision analysis can be a helpful tool to assist decision making in the clinical management of cancer patients in the oldest-old age group, especially in situations in which the evidence-based literature provides little guidance. This was achieved by providing information to help the key decision makers to better understand the risk-benefit trade offs and make an informed decision. We found that the option of surgical management was associated with higher expected quality-adjusted life years (0.894) than best supportive care (0.853). Based on this finding and various scenarios explored in sensitivity analyses, the family members recommended surgery for the patient. The patient recovered well from surgery and there is no evidence of recurrence to date. PMID:22917709

  2. Intensive ketamine use for multiple years: A case report.

    PubMed

    Liu, James X; Zerbo, Erin; Ross, Stephen

    2015-01-01

    Ketamine is known within the medical field for its anesthetic properties, yet its unique psychedelic and antidepressant properties are being increasingly recognized. We document the case of a patient with bipolar I disorder and an extensive history of substance dependence who used large doses of ketamine (1-3 g) on a daily basis over a period of 5 years, and described acute antidepressant effects as well as diminished cravings for alcohol. While his use was untenable and ultimately led to an inpatient admission, it is notable that he did not experience a withdrawal syndrome nor did he have any observable cognitive deficits upon cessation of use. Such a unique drug profile suggests that further exploration of its risks and therapeutic potential in treating mood and addiction disorders is warranted. PMID:25823629

  3. [A twelve-years-old girl with multiloculated gynandroblastoma CD99 negative: case report].

    PubMed

    Sierra-Avendańo, Jairo Alonso; García-Pino, Ricardo; Pérez-García, Gabriel Eduardo

    2014-08-01

    The ginandroblastoma is an extremely rare ovarian tumor which shows components of granulosa cells and Sertoli/Leydig cells. We describe a case of a twelve-years-old girl who presented abnormal uterine bleeding and progressively growing intraabdominal mass associated with menorrhagia, CA-125 60.4 UI/mL and extension studies reporting cystic mass in the left ovary. She underwent oophorectomy. Pathological study shows a multilocular tumor filled with serous material. Many Call-Exner bodies were observed in the histopathological analysis, 45% of Sertoli/Leydig cells. Immunohistochemistry was reactive for inhibin, calretinin and pCK while AE1/AE3 and CD99 markers were negative. This is the first case report about a multiloculated gynandroblastoma, negative for CD99 in a 12-years-old girl. Thus, the study of this clinical case represents a systematic approach for tumors of the sex cord cells. PMID:24955913

  4. Case Study Research and Theory Building

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Larry M. Dooley

    2002-01-01

    The problem and the solution. This chapter overviews case study research and proposes a manner in which case study research can contribute to theory building in applied disciplines. Although theory building using case study research has been discussed previously in the literature, there is no clarity as to how case study research can be used to build theory. Moreover, it

  5. Specific sublingual immunotherapy with peach LTP (Pru p 3). One year treatment: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Celso Pereira; Borja Bartolomé; Juan Andrés Asturias; Ińaki Ibarrola; Beatriz Tavares; Graça Loureiro; Daniel Machado; Celso Chieira

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Food allergy is an increasing problem with limited therapeutic approaches apart from to the eviction diet. CASE PRESENTATION: A 40-year-old female patient with food allergy symptoms was polysensitized to almost all vegetable food since the age of 36; the onset of symptoms was during pregnancy. The allergological study demonstrated positive skin prick tests (SPT) to nuts, legumes, cereals, spices,

  6. Case Report: Homicide by a 10-Year-Old Girl with Autistic Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mukaddes, Nahit Motavalli; Topcu, Zerrin

    2006-01-01

    This case study presents a 10-year-old girl with a diagnosis of Autistic Disorder, who killed her 6-month-old sister by throwing her out of a window. Her aggressive-impulsive behavior had a persistent pattern. She had a history of epilepsy, and was frequently exposed to physical abuse. She never attended a structured treatment program. Here, we…

  7. Case Study: A Case of Seasonal Affective Disorder

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2004-10-29

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with seasonal affective disorder (retina, pineal gland, melatonin). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  8. Case Study: A Case of Spinal Cord Injury

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    David Dean (Spring Hill College Biology)

    2005-12-02

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with spinal cord injury (plegia, neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, dermatome, stretch reflex). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  9. A case for case studies: exploring the use of case study design in community nursing research.

    PubMed

    Bergen, A; While, A

    2000-04-01

    The case study has become an accepted vehicle for conducting research in a variety of disciplines. However, the meaning behind the term is not always made explicit by researchers and this has given rise to a number of assumptions which are open to challenge, and to questions about the robustness of the method. This paper explores some of the issues arising from one particular definition of case study research, used in a study by Yin which examined the practice of case management in community nursing. Four main areas are discussed. First, defining 'case' is seen to pose questions about the relationship of the phenomenon to its context, the degree of researcher control over case definition, the limits to what may constitute a 'case' and what is meant by the term 'unit of analysis'. Second, the relevance of external validity to case study research is supported through the use of a number of tactics, in particular Yin's concept of replication logic, which involves generalizing to theory, rather than to empirical data. Third, the use of method triangulation (multiple methods of data collection) is advanced as a means of enhancing construct validity in research where data converge around a particular theory. Finally, the relationship of the case study to theory construction, through the prior development of 'propositions' is discussed. Each of these issues is applied to the design and conduct of a research study based closely on Yin's multiple case study framework. Thirteen 'cases' were selected of case management practice and data were collected through interviews and examination of literature and documentation, to explore the suitability of community nurses for the role. It is concluded that, given the appropriate subject matter, context and research aims, the case study method may be seen as a credible option in nursing research. PMID:10759989

  10. Kawasaki disease in children: Epidemiology, clinical symptoms and diagnostics of 231 cases in 10 years

    PubMed Central

    ZHU, HUA; YU, SHAO-FEI; BAI, YU-XIN; LIANG, YAN-YAN; SU, XUE-WEN; PAN, JING-YING

    2015-01-01

    The present study was a retrospective analysis of the dynamic changes and clinical characteristics of 231 cases of Kawasaki disease (KD) in pediatric patients admitted to the People's Hospital of Inner Mongolia between January 2003 and December 2012. A total of 37.23% of the cases occurred in the first 5 years, compared with 62.77% in the latter 5 years. The age distribution ranged from 3 months to 10 years, with a peak age of <1 year. The male-to-female ratio was 2.12:1, and the reoccurrence rate was 1.3%. Among the patient cohort, 7.8% were Mongolian children. The most common clinical symptom was fever (87.6%), while perianal skin peeling was the most rare (14.1%). With regard to the analyzed biomarkers, 90.4% of patients had abnormal platelet (PLT) counts; the next highest abnormality rates were associated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (74.46%) and white blood cell (WBC) counts (59.74%), followed by levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (57.58%), creatinine kinase-MB (40.26%) and hemoglobin (Hb) (38.53%). In conclusion, the present study has found that approximately two-thirds of cases of KD over a 10-year period occurred in the latter 5 years. Changes in a number of experimental indicators, including PLT, ESR and WBC, could be used in the diagnosis of the condition and to reflect the success of the clinical treatment. PMID:26170962

  11. Pathology Case Study: Flank Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Ohori, N. Paul

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man noticed a large and painful mass on his right flank. A previous mass had been removed surgically but developed a post- operation fever and related difficulties. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of clinical microbiology.

  12. Pathology Case Study: Macrocytic Anemia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bahler, David

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older man suffering from chronic bronchitis and macrocytic anemia also developed persistent flu symptoms. Visitors view the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  13. Pathology Case Study: Chronic Sinusitis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Becich, Michael J.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man reported a history of chronic sinusitis that was not responding to nasal and antibiotic treatments. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of head and neck pathology.

  14. Pathology Case Study: Metastasizing Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rao, Uma N. M.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with a low-grade sarcoma with features of plexiform fibrohistiocytic tumor in the subcutaneous soft tissue of left posterior thigh. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hardy, Hunter T.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which an older woman developed a renal mass without evidence of angiomyolipoma. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Mediastinal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Fowler, Jason C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of diaphoresis nausea and substernal chest pain through his left arm. Subsequent tests revealed a mediastinal mass with both fatty and solid components. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Renal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Christakos, Peter

    This is a pediatric pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 19-month-old boy has a renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    DeFrances, Marie C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with a large range of symptoms from chills and fever to underdeveloped calf muscles. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  19. Pathology Case Study: Skin Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Holst, Valerie

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman with uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma with focal squamous differentiation arising in complex atypical hyperplasia. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in dermatologic pathology.

  20. Rumination Syndrome in Ethiopia: A Case Study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Eating disorders are commonly believed to be rare or nonexistent in Africa. However, due to exposure to Western culture, a rise in eating disorders among African women is reported in the literature. This case study describes a 17-year-old Ethiopian girl who meets the DSM-IV-TR and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa and the Rome III Diagnostic Criteria for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders criteria for rumination syndrome. The article discusses the diagnostic delays, the difficulties in terms of therapy, and the context determinants that—combined with individual psychopathological features—are thought to contribute to the disorders. Health professionals should be informed about the prevalence of eating disorders in Africa and, more specifically, of rumination syndrome in young women with normal intelligence. In light of this case study, it seems necessary to raise awareness with regard to the insufficient evidence on effective therapies for rumination syndrome in individuals without intellectual impairment. PMID:25667799

  1. Pathology Case Study: Right Upper Quadrant Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dorvault, Christine

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology where a two-year-old white female was seen for a routine well child exam. On physical examination, a right upper quadrant mass was palpable. The case study provides radiologic findings, gross description and microscopic description in order to allow the user the opportunity to diagnose the patient. Clicking on the final diagnosis link will provide users with a discussion of the actual diagnosis along with important learning points as well as a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to develop a diagnosis. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pediatric pathology.

  2. Theory-Testing Using Case Studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bas Hillebrand; Robert A. W. Kok; Wim G. Biemans

    2001-01-01

    In a recent issue of Industrial Marketing Management, Johnston, Leach, and Liu made a strong case for the use of case studies. Although they convincingly argued that researchers should follow a rigorous and systematic approach in conducting case studies, they failed to address the most important criticism of case studies, i.e., their alleged lack of generalizability. In this reaction to

  3. Mastoiditis in adults: a 19-year retrospective study.

    PubMed

    Palma, S; Bovo, R; Benatti, A; Aimoni, C; Rosignoli, M; Libanore, M; Martini, A

    2014-05-01

    The objective of our study was to review retrospectively the clinical, radiological and therapeutic findings in 62 adults with acute mastoiditis treated at the ENT Department of Ferrara from 1992 to 2010. 62 adult cases fulfilled the following inclusion criteria: otoscopical evidence of co-existent or recent otitis media; postauricular swelling, erythema or tenderness; protrusion of the auricle; fever and/or significant radiological findings of mastoiditis. Conservative treatment comprehended antibiotic ± ventilation tube. Surgical procedures comprehended mastoidectomy or mastoido-tympanoplasty. The incidence of adult's mastoiditis in our district (0.99 cases/year/100.000 inhabitants) has maintained quite stable during the considered 19-year period. The typical clinical presentation was observed in 48% of cases. Complications were meningitis (15 cases), meningo-encephalitis (1), meningitis associated with lateral sinus thrombosis (1), facial nerve paralysis (11), and labyrinthitis (8). In all cases except one, the facial palsy recovered completely and no mortality was observed due to these complications. Complete cure was obtained with conservative treatment in 69% of uncomplicated cases and in 24% of patients with intracranial complications. Mastoiditis in adults may present as the acute classical form, as well as latent forms which often have prolonged and insidious development followed by a rapid clinical deterioration. Clinical features are frequently atypical, while incidence of meningitis and other complications is still high particularly in the most elderly. Thus, great care is required from clinicians to make an early diagnosis in order to promote adequate treatment. PMID:23589156

  4. An Examination of the Shared Challenges That Impede Success in the Lives of Single, Multi-Cultural Mothers Enrolled at a Two-Year Community College: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    Single mothers struggle with balancing life challenges and childcare necessities while attending college. Consequently, students who are single mothers experience psychological distress. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine the common, life and resiliency factors shared by single mothers who are students. The study was…

  5. Case Study: Brain vs. Spinal Cord

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Patrick Field (Kean University Department of Biological Sciences)

    2001-10-01

    This is a case study for undergraduate and graduate students in anatomy. In particular this case study explores anatomy of the nervous system. Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  6. Case Study: Wearing on Her Nerves

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kathleen Brown (CUNY Queensborough Community College Nursing/Massage Therapy)

    2011-05-23

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in anatomy and/or physiology. In particular this case study explores the nervous and muscular system . Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  7. The Verbotonal Method of Aural Rehabilitation: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eisenberg, Diane; Santore, Frances

    1976-01-01

    A case study is presented of a 12-year-old child with a congenital profound bilateral sensori-neural hearing loss, who received rehabilitative audio-therapy according to the verbotonal method. (Author/LS)

  8. Analysis of Academic Ties: A Case Study of Mathematics Genealogy

    E-print Network

    Gunes, Mehmet Hadi

    Analysis of Academic Ties: A Case Study of Mathematics Genealogy Engin Arslan, Mehmet Hadi Gunes the Mathematics Genealogy Project data. Additionally, using university and nation information of mathematicians over the years. Keywords - Academic ties, mathematics genealogy, social network. 1. INTRODUCTION

  9. Intracranial Subdural Empyema: A 10-Year Case Series

    PubMed Central

    French, Heath; Schaefer, Nathan; Keijzers, Gerben; Barison, David; Olson, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Background Intracranial subdural empyema (ISDE) is a pyogenic infection located in the space between the dura and arachnoid mater. Early diagnosis, prompt initiation of antimicrobial therapy, and surgical drainage are essential to reduce morbidity and mortality. This case series analyzes the presentation and management of ISDE in Queensland, Australia, over a 10-year period. Methods Thirty-six patients with ISDE were treated at Gold Coast University Hospital, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Townsville Hospital, and Royal Brisbane Hospital. The patients' medical records were analyzed to ascertain patient demographics, etiology, presentation, and management. Results A slight male preponderance occurred in the cohort of 36 patients with ISDE. The most common source of infection was a neurosurgical procedure, followed by sinusitis and otogenic sources. Headache, fever, and altered sensorium were the most common clinical triad of symptoms, present in 19 (53%) patients. Craniotomy was performed as the initial surgical procedure in 28 (88%) of the 32 patients who required surgery. Seizure prophylaxis was given to 25 (69%) patients, with 8 (32%) of those patients having seizures during their hospitalizations despite this therapy. Five (14%) patients required readmission and a second craniotomy because of failed resolution of the ISDE. Conclusion Altered sensorium, fever, vomiting, and headache should alert the clinician to the possibility of ISDE. A history of neurosurgery, sinusitis, otitis media, or skull trauma increases the likelihood of this differential. Management includes sensitive antibiotic therapy and surgical drainage. Compared with burr hole, craniotomy is associated with less recurrence of ISDE. PMID:24940128

  10. Factors Negatively Affecting University Adjustment from the Views of First-Year University Students: The Case of Mersin University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevinç, Seda; Gizir, Cem Ali

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative case study aims to investigate the most common factors that negatively affect adjustment to university and coping strategies used by first-year university students in the adaptation process from the viewpoint of first-year university students. The participants were 25 first-year university students from various faculties at Mersin…

  11. The curious case of case study: a viewpoint

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malcolm Tight

    2010-01-01

    Case study is widely referred to and applied within social research, but its status remains unclear. Is it a method, a methodology, a strategy, a design, an approach or what? What does its employment in social research signify? This article critically reviews both the generic social research methods literature, and the work of two of case study’s most fervent recent

  12. Giftedness, Trauma, and Development: A Qualitative, Longitudinal Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Jean Sunde

    2014-01-01

    A qualitative, longitudinal, phenomenological case study explored how a gifted female experienced various life events and aspects of development during adolescence and young adulthood (ages 15-30 years), particularly as related to multiple traumatic experiences, which were revealed late in the first year of the study. Additional experiences, well…

  13. The biplanar oncoplastic technique case series: a 2-year review

    PubMed Central

    Kaminsky, Alexander J.; Patel, Ketan M.; Cocilovo, Costanza; Nahabedian, Maurice Y.

    2015-01-01

    Background Oncoplastic techniques for breast reconstruction following partial mastectomy are now commonly included in the armamentarium of most reconstructive plastic surgeons. These techniques have been frequently used for women with large breast volume and less frequently used form women with small to moderate breast volume. Most women with smaller breast volumes have been typically considered for mastectomy. As an alternative to mastectomy, the biplanar technique was designed and described as an oncoplastic option. The purpose of this manuscript is to review our 2-year experience using this technique in a series of women with small to moderate breast volume. Methods A retrospective review of patients who underwent oncoplastic surgery from 2011-2012 by the senior authors (RM and MYN) was completed. Ten patients were identified that had the biplanar technique involving glandular tissue rearrangement in conjunction with the immediate placement of a submuscular implant or tissue expander. Patient demographics, perioperative details, and post-operative outcomes were evaluated. Results The mean age and BMI of the ten patients in the study was 56 years (range, 40-68 years) and 24.1 years (range, 20.3-28.6 years) respectively. The mean resection volume was 76.5 g (range, 25-164 g). Eight patients had placement of a permanent implant and two patients had placement of a tissue expander. The average volume of the implanted devices was 138 cc (range, 90-300 cc). In eight patients, a sheet of acellular dermal matrix was used. Immediate biplanar reconstruction was performed in seven patients and a staged-immediate biplanar reconstruction was performed in three patients. Complications included a positive margin on final pathology requiring mastectomy (n=1), infection (n=1), incisional dehiscence following radiation (n=1), and loss of nipple sensation (n=2). Follow-up ranged from 4.5-27 months (mean of 19.5 months). Conclusions The biplanar oncoplastic technique may represent a valuable option in women with small to moderate breast volumes that choose to have breast conservation therapy (BCT). This technique has demonstrated success with minimizing contour irregularities and maintaining breast volume. Based on our early experience, patient satisfaction is favorable. PMID:26161310

  14. Cerebral venous thrombosis: a Moroccan retrospective study of 30 cases

    PubMed Central

    Souirti, Zouhayr; Messouak, Ouafae; Belahsen, Faouzi

    2014-01-01

    Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is a rare origin of stroke, the clinical presentation and etiologies vary. The prognosis is shown to be better than arterial thrombosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and MR Venograpgy (MRV) are currently important tools for the diagnosis. We studied 30 cases of CVT diagnosed in the department of neurology at the University Hospital of Fez (Morocco). Patients diagnosed with CVT signs between January 2003 and October 2007 were included in the study. Cerebral CT-scan was performed in 27 cases (90%) while the MRI examination was done in 18 patients (67%); and most patients (90%) received anticoagulant therapy. The mean age of our patients was of 29 years (age range between 18 days and 65 years). A female predominance was observed (70%). The clinical presentation of patients was dominated by: headache in 24 cases (80%), motor and sensory disability in 15 cases (50%), seizures in 10 cases (33%), consciousness disorder in 10 cases (33%). CVT was associated to post-partum in 10 cases (33%), infectious origin in 8 cases (26%), Behçet disease in 2 cases (7%), pulmonary carcinoma in 1 case, thrombocytemia in 1 case and idiopathic in 7 cases (23%). The evolution was good in 20 cases (67%), minor squelaes were observed in 6 patients (20%), while major squelaes were observed in 2 cases. Two cases of death were registered. The CVT is a pathology of good prognosis once the diagnosis is promptly established and early heparin treatment initiated. PMID:25317229

  15. Pathology Case Study: Postoperative Abdominal Discomfort

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kulich, Scott

    This is a clinical microbiology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 22 year old male is experiencing postoperative abdominal discomfort. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology and related medicine.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Pineal Gland Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dezube, Bruce J.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 72-year-old diabetic woman presents to the hospital a two-week history of confusion, disorientation, and short-term memory loss. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: History of Colonic Adenocarcinoma

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Grant, Maurice R.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 69-year-old man with a history of colonic adenocarcinoma has metastasis to the liver, bladder and rectum. Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Parasites in the Blood

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Navina, Sarah

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 58-year-old presents to emergency care with "fever, malaise and bodyache noted after returning from a two-day trip to Brazil." Visitors are given the patient history and hospital course description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology. [ASC

  19. Pathology Case Study: Hypertension of Unknown Etiology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dallasta, Linda

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a sixty-nine year old woman has renal mass. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

  20. Pathology Case Study: Progressive Hearing Loss

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Böker, Dieter-Karsten

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman sought help for an progressive eight-year diminished sense of hearing, which developed with vertigo and left-side tinnitus. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of Neuropathology.

  1. Pathology Case Study: Confusion, Agitation and Unresponsiveness

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Aronica, Patricia

    This is a clinical chemistry case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 20-year-old male has confusion, agitation and unresponsiveness after ingesting a handful of â??seeds.â?ť Visitors are given laboratory data and are granted the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Elevated Tricyclic Antidepressant Levels

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Harrison, James

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 38-year-old woman was found to have "elevated tricyclic antidepressant levels during a routine clinic visit." Visitors are given the physical exam notes, electrocardiography, and laboratory tests, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

  3. Pathology Case Study: Girl in Coma

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Najjar, Hazim

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 15-year-old girl found unresponsive near her bed. Visitors are given patient history, admission data, along with laboratory findings, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

  4. Pathology Case Study: Progressive Left Proptosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a woman presented with gradually increasing protrusion of her left eye over a one-year period. Visitors can view both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of neuropathology.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Dura Based Masses

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Barba, David

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 26-year-old man with AIDS is bothered by intermittent headaches and increasing neck pain. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  6. Pathology Case Study: Systemic Lupus Erythematosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kelly, Robert

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 45-year-old woman has a history of proteinuria, skin rash, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, and Waldenstromâ??s Macroglobulinemia. Visitors are given the patient history and serum electrophoresis, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical immunology.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Severe Headache and Fever

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anhalt, John P.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55-year-old male transplant patient is suffering severe headaches. Visitors are given the hospital course record, radiographic and histologic findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical microbiology and transplant pathology.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Fever and Hemoptysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Geraldino, Nelson

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 29-year-old woman with chronic myelogenous leukemia has been coughing up blood. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in clinical chemistry.

  9. Pathology Case Study: Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Halpern, Melissa B.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 3-year old presented to the hospital with a history of thrombocytopenia, nosebleeds, and easy bruising for two weeks . Visitors are given the peripheral blood and bone marrow description and diagnosis, family history, and hemoglobin electrophoresis, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  10. Pathology Case Study: Permanent Intravascular Catheter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Baxter, Carla

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 33-year-old man diagnosed with Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia has developed a fever following chemotherapy and stem cell transplant. Visitors are given the patient's gram stain, cultures, biochemical profile, and susceptibility, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical microbiology.

  11. Pathology Case Study: Jaundice and Weight Loss

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 35-year-old man from Thailand has presented to the hospital with "jaundice, fatigue and weight loss of 10 to 15 pounds over the past few months." Visitors are given the patient history and microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

  12. Pathology Case Study: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Finkelstein, Sidney

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 64-year-old woman with a long history of IBS presents with a recent "exacerbation of diarrhea, increased abdominal cramping, and weight loss." Visitors are given both the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  13. Pathology Case Study: Nausea, Vomiting and Hydrocephalus

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hamilton, Ronald

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 9-year-old girl has nausea, vomiting and hydrocephalus. Visitors are given both the radiologic and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  14. Pathology Case Study: Extremely Labored Breathing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Johnson, Douglas R.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 68-year-old white female with a "history of coronary artery disease, angina, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease presented with marked respiratory distress." Visitors are given admission data along with laboratory workup in order to give them the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical immunology.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Left Thyroid Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hari, Raj

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 66 year old man who presented with a left thyroid mass. Visitors are given patient history, admission data, and gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in endocrine pathology.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Hyperglycosuria and Normoglycemia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which man came in with a history of coronary artery disease, presenting with proteinuria of approximately 2-years duration and hyperglycosuria with normoglycemia. Visitors can view microscopic descriptions, including images, and blood tests in order to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of genitourinary pathology.

  17. Pathology Case Study: Large Right Lung Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Melhem, Mona

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man presented with chest pain after 25 years of smoking. Tests revealed significant problems with the heart and lungs before the man suddenly went into cardiac arrest and died. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students learning autopsy pathology.

  18. Pathology Case Study: Palpable Breast Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Flanagan, Melina

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 43-year-old woman has, over the last two months, noticed a palpable and enlarging breast mass. Visitors are given the gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

  19. Pathology Case Study: Chronic Myalgias After Exercise

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Giuliani, Michael J.

    This is a skeletal muscle pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 48 year old women has chronic myalgias. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in skeletal muscle pathology medicine.

  20. Pathology Case Study: Left Flank Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Whisnant, Richard

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a man complained of a mildly painful mass in his left flank that had been present for six years. Visitors can view both microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and have the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to introduce or test students of soft tissue pathology.

  1. Pathology Case Study: Elevated Ammonia Levels

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chikwava, Kudakwashe

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 15-year-old boy presents to the hospital with a five-day history of nausea, vomiting, and low-grade fever. Visitors are given the examination and laboratory results, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and clinical chemistry.

  2. Pathology Case Study: Bladder Outlet Obstruction

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chung, Wen-Wei

    This is a genitourinary pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 84-year-old man has a bladder outlet obstruction. Visitors are given microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

  3. Pathology Case Study: Anterior Cervical Neck Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a head & neck pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 55-year-old male has an increasing neck mass with a choking feeling. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology.

  4. Pathology Case Study: Progressive Visual Deficits

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hamilton, Ronald

    This is a neuropathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 82 year old man has progressive visual deficits. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology medicine.

  5. 7000 year-old tuberculosis cases from Hungary - Osteological and biomolecular evidence.

    PubMed

    Masson, Muriel; Bereczki, Zsolt; Molnár, Erika; Donoghue, Helen D; Minnikin, David E; Lee, Oona Y-C; Wu, Houdini H T; Besra, Gurdyal S; Bull, Ian D; Pálfi, György

    2015-06-01

    This study derives from the macroscopic analysis of a Late Neolithic population from Hungary. Remains were recovered from a tell settlement at Hódmez?vásárhely-Gorzsa from graves within the settlement as well as pits, ditches, houses and as stray finds. One of the most important discoveries from these remains was evidence of tuberculosis. Pathological analysis of the seventy-one individuals revealed numerous cases of infections and non-specific stress indicators on juveniles and adults, metabolic diseases on juveniles, and evidence of trauma and mechanical changes on adults. Several cases showed potential signs of tuberculosis and further analyses were undertaken, including biomolecular studies. The five individuals were all very young adults and included a striking case of Hypertrophic Pulmonary Osteopathy (HPO) with rib changes, one case with resorptive lesions on the vertebrae, two cases with hypervascularisation on the vertebrae and periosteal remodelling on the ribs, and one case with abnormal blood vessel impressions and a possible lesion on the endocranial surface of the skull. The initial macroscopic diagnosis of these five cases was confirmed by lipid biomarker analyses, and three of them were corroborated by DNA analysis. At present, these 7000-year-old individuals are among the oldest palaeopathological and palaeomicrobiological cases of tuberculosis worldwide. PMID:25736538

  6. Pediatric sepsis: a case study.

    PubMed

    Umbriaco, Francesco; Andreoni, Colleen

    2013-01-01

    Abdominal pain with vomiting is a common pediatric complaint in the emergency department setting that can lead to a more insidious disease state. The article depicts a case study of a 21-month-old male child presenting with these signs and symptoms that ultimately resulted in a diagnosis of septic shock. The importance of physical assessment, rapid response to findings with time-constrained empirical interventions, the relevance of pediatric sepsis to the provider, the consideration of access to health care, and a holistic approach to treatment of the patient and the family are highlighted. The application and explanation of evidence-based guidelines is also depicted in the management of the patient. PMID:24176830

  7. Pathology Case Study: Parietal Lobe Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dolenc-Strazar, Zvezdana

    This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This case involves a 15-year-old girl admitted to the hospital because of a seizure attack. Images from a CT scan and MRI, and microscopic results provide conclusive information that contributes to the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Recent Onset Seizures

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Biernat, Wojciech

    This neuropathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent learning tool for students and instructors in the health science fields. In this case, a 12-year-old boy presents with a history of headaches, â??and a recent onset of right-sided seizures followed by the loss of consciousnessâ?ť. Visitors are shown CT scan images of the patientâ??s brain, along with microscopic images. The official diagnosis found in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  9. Pathology Case Study: Fever, Purpura and Hypotension

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anhalt, John P.

    The Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center has compiled a wide range of pathology case studies to aid students and instructors in the medical/health science field. In this case, a 20 year old male college student is admitted to the emergency room with "general malaise, low-grade fever, and purplish discoloration on his face. Using the information provided, which includes patient and social history, images and descriptions from his physical exam, the hospital course and microscopic images, students are encouraged to test their knowledge of pathology and diagnose the patient's medical condition. You can check your diagnosis against the official conclusions in the "Final Diagnosis" section. This is an excellent resource for providing students experience with patient history, lab results and diagnostics.

  10. Pathology Case Study: An Adrenal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Finkelstein, Sidney

    This endocrine pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 71-year-old female experiencing â??fainting spellsâ?ť is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of endocrine pathology.

  11. A Case Study of a Three-Year Pilot Program on One District's Attempt to Increase the Gifted Identification of Diverse Elementary School Students by Having a Talent Development Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Robin Kesterson

    2009-01-01

    This case study examined ways elementary school students from diverse populations (minorities and children from low socioeconomic status environments) were included in a talent development program, and determined if that inclusion proved to be beneficial for gifted identification. With intentional regard for the idea of talent development, this…

  12. A 5-year retrospective evaluation of snakebite cases in Hatay, Turkey.

    PubMed

    Karakus, Ali; Zeren, Cem; Celik, M Murat; Arica, Secil; Ozden, Raif; Duru, Mehmet; Tas?n, Veyis

    2015-02-01

    Snakebites are relatively rare medical emergency cases that might lead to serious consequences. This study aims to evaluate snakebite cases in terms of medical follow-up, antivenom therapy and antivenom reactions. Medical records of patients admitted to emergency department between January 1, 2006 and December 31, 2010 were retrospectively investigated. Snakebite-related cases of a total of 125 patients were included in the scope of the study. Of the total 125 cases, 54.4% were male and 45.6% were female. Most of cases (n: 65, 52%) were aged over 30 years, while the mean age was 34.87 ± 19.29 years. Snakebite-related applications to the emergency department were mostly seen in June with 27 cases. Upon admitting, all patients were recorded to be conscious and showing good general conditions; however, they suffered from pain and edema at the site of bite. Of all, 25 patients only suffered from bite injury and ecchymosis due to snakebite. The site of bite was upper extremities in 66 patients (52.8%), whereas it was lower extremities in 58 (46.4%). Of all, antivenom was unnecessary in 25 (20%) patients, while four antivenoms were administered to each of the 23 (18.4%) patients. Furthermore, six (4.8%) patients needed nine antivenom administrations for each. Anaphylaxis (n: 2, 1.6%), compartment syndrome (n: 2, 1.6%) and serum sickness (n: 1, 0.8%) encountered in remaining cases. Of all, 86 (68.8%) patients were hospitalized in the emergency department, while 25 (20.0%) patients were followed up by observation in emergency service. Only one patient was treated and followed up in intensive care unit. Implementation of antivenom therapy is considered unnecessary for the treatment of all snakebite cases. Antivenom reactions and number of related cases might be reduced by continuous close monitoring, appropriate prophylaxis and controlled slow infusion administration of medications. PMID:23299192

  13. Pathology Case Study: Post Transfusion Hemolysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hari, Raj

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 56-year-old female with a 20 year history of systemic lupus erythematosis with a history of deep venous thrombosis and a recent myocardial infarct. Visitors are given patient history and admission data along with data results from the resulting transfusion reaction investigation. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology and transfusion medicine.

  14. Pathology Case Study: Flu-Like Symptoms

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Klionsky, Bernard

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which presents a "37-year-old white female who was in excellent health until three years prior, when she developed flu-like symptoms." Visitors are given an extensive patient history along with pathologic findings, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  15. Pathology Case Study: Large Anterior Abdominal Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Pushkar, Irina

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology which describes a 72 year old woman who presents with a three day history of constipation and a five year history of a large anterior abdominal mass in the right lower quadrant. Visitors are provided with patient history, admission data, hospital treatment course, and gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in surgical pathology.

  16. An Ethics Primer: Case Studies Teaching Background

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2008-01-01

    This resource is a PDF that provides a short introduction to case studies and strategies having to do with Ethics instruction. The PDF describes an overview of case study methodology that can be used with a wide variety of scenarios.

  17. The case for case studies in management research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Patton; Steven H. Appelbaum

    2003-01-01

    It is commonly asserted that qualitative research in the organizational sciences lacks the rigor and objectivity of the quantitative approach. Case studies, while commonly used for educational purposes, have been viewed in a less favorable light in terms of research. This paper suggests that case studies represent an important research track in organizational science, not only as a method of

  18. Regional radiotherapy versus an axillary lymph node dissection after lumpectomy: a safe alternative for an axillary lymph node dissection in a clinically uninvolved axilla in breast cancer. A case control study with 10 years follow up

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Patty H Spruit; Sabine Siesling; Marloes AG Elferink; Ernest JA Vonk; Carel JM Hoekstra

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The standard treatment of the axilla in breast cancer used to be an axillary lymph node dissection. An axillary lymph node dissection is known to give substantial risks of morbidity. In recent years the sentinel node biopsy has become common practice. Future randomized study results will determine whether the expected decrease in morbidity can be proven. METHODS: Before the

  19. Breaking the Glass Ceiling in Oklahoma Higher Education: A Case Study of Kate Galt Zaneis, the First Woman President of a Public Four-Year College or University in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smarr, Debbie L.

    2011-01-01

    Women's leadership within higher education continues to be the focus of research and essays. A look into the lives of past women leaders in higher education can provide a potential "road-map" for aspiring women to follow as they develop their leadership style to aid in their upward mobility. The study of the first woman to lead a public four-year

  20. Ten Years of Treatment With Tacrolimus Is Related to an Excellent Renal Function, Allowing Monotherapy in a Large Proportion of Cases: Unicentric Results of the Tacrolimus Versus Cyclosporine A European Multicentric Study in Kidney Transplant Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Morales; A. Andrés; B. Dominguez-Gil; M. Arriola; M. J. Gutiérrez; E. Hernández; T. Ortuńo; M. Praga

    2005-01-01

    Tacrolimus (Tac) is the most frequently used base inmunosuppressant for transplantation in Spain and the United States. However, long-term data on its use in renal transplant patients are lacking. The aim of this study was to analyze the 10-year outcome of patients from our institution treated with Tac or cyclosporine (CsA) who were included in the European Multicenter Study of

  1. Economics of a Nordic paper mill: case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esa Hämäläinen; Ulla Tapaninen

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reveal how the prices, costs, and logistics develop in the case mill and how these variables correlate with profits, and finally to give suggestions for improvements. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A typical Finnish paper mill is selected for the basis of the case study. The complete data for the mill for the years

  2. Pathology Case Study: Acute Renal Failure

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Johnson, Douglas R.

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular case, a 71-year-old man was admitted with â??acute renal failure with heavy proteinuria following a several month history of ill-defined renal diseaseâ?ť. The patientâ??s detailed history, which includes creatinine and urine protein levels is found in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. The following tests were performed on the patient: renal core biopsies, bone marrow biopsy, renal ultrasonography, and an abdominal CT scan. Those test results are all included in the case study to aid in your understanding of the patientâ??s diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section provides the official final diagnosis of the patient and a detailed description provided by the contributing doctors. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of renal pathology.

  3. Alcohol Intoxication in Pediatric Age: Ten-year Retrospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Bitunjac, Kristina; Saraga, Marijan

    2009-01-01

    Aim To examine the changes in the number of children younger than 18 who were hospitalized due to alcohol intoxication at the Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Split, from November 1, 1997 to October 31, 2007. Methods Data on children hospitalized due to intoxication were retrieved from hospital medical records. Children were classified into 4 age groups: 0-5, 6-9, 10-13, and 14-18 years, and their sex and type of intoxication were recorded. For children with alcohol intoxication, data on time of intoxication, reason for drinking, presence of injuries or suspected suicide attempts, and possible presence of other drugs in the organism were collected. Results Out of 29?506 hospitalized children, 594 were hospitalized due to intoxications. Out of these, 239 (40.2%) were hospitalized due to intoxication by alcohol. More boys than girls were hospitalized (71.1%). The proportion of alcohol intoxication cases among all types of intoxication cases increased from 16.7% in 1997/98 to 66.3% in 2006/07. The proportion of patients hospitalized due to alcohol intoxication increased from 0.3% of all hospitalized children in the first year to 1.7% in the last year of the study (P?=?0.015, z test for comparison of two proportions). Eighty two per cent of cases of alcohol intoxication were in the 14-18 age-group. The number of alcohol intoxication cases increased among girls from 1 case (6.3% of all intoxication cases among girls) in 1997/98 to 15 cases (45.5%) in 2006/07, while among boys it increased from 6 cases (23.1% of all intoxicated boys) in 1997/98 to 44 cases (78.6%) in 2006/07. Children usually drank outside their homes (79.4%) and mostly on weekends and holidays (73.2%). Conclusion The alarming increase in the number of hospitalizations due to alcohol intoxication in children, especially among girls and in the adolescent age group, represents a serious problem, which requires further attention and research. PMID:19399948

  4. Anthrax outbreak in a Swedish beef cattle herd--1st case in 27 years: Case report.

    PubMed

    Lewerin, Susanna Sternberg; Elvander, Marianne; Westermark, Therese; Hartzell, Lisbeth Nisu; Norström, Agneta Karlsson; Ehrs, Sara; Knutsson, Rickard; Englund, Stina; Andersson, Ann-Christin; Granberg, Malin; Bäckman, Stina; Wikström, Per; Sandstedt, Karin

    2010-01-01

    After 27 years with no detected cases, an outbreak of anthrax occurred in a beef cattle herd in the south of Sweden. The outbreak was unusual as it occurred in winter, in animals not exposed to meat-and-bone meal, in a non-endemic country. The affected herd consisted of 90 animals, including calves and young stock. The animals were kept in a barn on deep straw bedding and fed only roughage. Seven animals died during 10 days, with no typical previous clinical signs except fever. The carcasses were reportedly normal in appearance, particularly as regards rigor mortis, bleeding and coagulation of the blood. Subsequently, three more animals died and anthrax was suspected at necropsy and confirmed by culture and PCR on blood samples. The isolated strain was susceptible to tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and ampicillin. Subtyping by MLVA showed the strain to cluster with isolates in the A lineage of Bacillus anthracis. Environmental samples from the holding were all negative except for two soil samples taken from a spot where infected carcasses had been kept until they were picked up for transport. The most likely source of the infection was concluded to be contaminated roughage, although this could not be substantiated by laboratory analysis. The suspected feed was mixed with soil and dust and originated from fields where flooding occurred the previous year, followed by a dry summer with a very low water level in the river allowing for the harvesting on soil usually not exposed. In the early 1900s, animal carcasses are said to have been dumped in this river during anthrax outbreaks and it is most likely that some anthrax spores could remain in the area. The case indicates that untypical cases in non-endemic areas may be missed to a larger extent than previously thought. Field tests allowing a preliminary risk assessment of animal carcasses would be helpful for increased sensitivity of detection and prevention of further exposure to the causative agent. PMID:20122147

  5. Benign osteoblastoma of the mandible in a 12-year-old female: A case report.

    PubMed

    Mardaleishvili, Konstantine; Kakabadze, Zurab; Machavariani, Avtandil; Grdzelidze, Teimuraz; Kakabadze, Anna; Sukhitashvili, Natia; Kurashvili, Tamar; Shonia, Nestan; Menabde, Giorgi; Abiatari, Ivane

    2014-12-01

    Benign osteoblastoma refers to a benign tumor of the bone. Osteoblastoma most commonly affects the vertebrae and long tubular bones, however, in rare cases is observed in the facial bones. The current study presents the case of a 12-year-old female patient with a tumor in the mandibular body. Radiological imaging revealed a lesion with regular contours. The lesion was radically resected and histological analysis of the specimen demonstrated features that are typical of a benign osteoblastoma. The consequential defects of the jaw were reconstructed using titanium implants and autologous bone transplantation. The patient remains disease free subsequent to a five-month follow-up period. The aim of the present report is to present a rare case of benign osteoblastoma of the mandible. This study demonstrated that correct diagnosis and complete surgical excision are important to reduce the risk of recurrence of a benign osteoblastoma. PMID:25364451

  6. Primary Cutaneous Melanoma: An 18-Year Study

    PubMed Central

    Anger, Moris; Friedhofer, Henri; Fukutaki, Marina Fussae; Ferreira, Marcus Castro; Landman, Gilles

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous melanoma still constitutes the main cause of skin cancer death in developed countries, and its incidence in recent years has been increasing in a steady, worrisome manner. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the clinical, epidemiological and demographic aspects of this disease, and correlated them with patient prognosis. METHODS: Using epidemiologic and clinical data, we analyzed 84 patients with mild to severe primary cutaneous melanoma treated between 1990 and 2007. Slides containing surgical specimens were analyzed, and new slides were made from archived paraffin sections when necessary. RESULTS: The melanoma incidence was higher in areas of sun exposure, with lesions commonly observed in the trunk for males, and lower limbs for females. In addition to Breslow’s thickness and ulceration (p = 0.043 and p < 0.001, respectively), the mitotic rate per mm2 also correlated with worse patient outcome (p = 0.0007). The sum of ulceration (0 when absent or 1 when present), the Breslow index (1 when <1 mm, 2 when >1 mm and <4 mm, 3 when >4 mm) and the mitotic index (0 when absent or 1 when ?1 per mm2) allowed the establishment of a prognostic score: if the sum was equal to or over three, nearly all (91.7%) patients had systemic disease. The 5-year survival was approximately seventy percent. CONCLUSION: Because American Join Committee of Cancer Staging will update the classification of malignant tumors (TNM) staging in the near future, and introduce mitosis as a prognostic factor, our results show the importance of such a feature. Additional studies are necessary to confirm the importance of a prognostic score as proposed herein. PMID:20360915

  7. The Case Study: An Open or Shut Case? Contrasting Approaches to Case Study Design

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Leslie M. Nesbitt

    2005-01-01

    The hallmark of an open-ended case study is the possibility of multiple outcomes to the problem at hand. This adds to its realism, provokes higher-order thought, and attracts many instructors to case analysis. Yet, there are circumstances in which a closed-ended approach, having a single correct answer, may be preferred. This article weighs the advantages and disadvantages of both approaches.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Arthralgia and Myalgia

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Chung, Wen-Wei

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help both students and instructors. In this particular study a 35-year-old woman with a history of arthralgia, Raynaud's phenomenon and myalgia is treated for progressive weakness, shortness of breath and a dry cough. Detailed observations examinations are available along with X-ray images and gross and microscopic descriptions of the patientâ??s condition. Clicking on the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť link will take you to the patientâ??s official diagnosis and notes from the contributing doctors. Students in the health sciences will find this resource especially helpful, as it provides experience with patient history, lab results, and diagnostics.

  9. Number of mammography cases read per year is a strong predictor of sensitivity

    PubMed Central

    Suleiman, Wasfi I.; Lewis, Sarah J.; Georgian-Smith, Dianne; Evanoff, Michael G.; McEntee, Mark F.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract. Early detection of breast cancers affects the 5-year recurrence rates and treatment options for diagnosed patients, and consequently, many countries have instituted nationwide screening programs. This study compared the performance of expert radiologists from Australia and the United States in detection of breast cancer. Forty-one radiologists, 21 from Australia and 20 from the United States, reviewed 30 mammographic cases containing two-view mammograms. Twenty cases had abnormal findings and 10 cases had normal findings. Radiologists were asked to locate malignancies and assign a level of confidence. A jackknife free-response receiver operating characteristic, figure of merit (JAFROC, FOM), inferred receiver operating characteristic, area under curve (ROC, AUC), specificity, sensitivity, and location sensitivity were calculated using Ziltron software and JAFROC v4.1. A Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the performance of Australian and U.S. radiologists. The results showed that when experience and the number of mammograms read per year were taken into account, the Australian radiologists sampled showed significantly higher sensitivity and location sensitivity (p?0.001). JAFROC (FOM) and inferred ROC (AUC) analysis showed no difference between the overall performance of the two countries. ROC (AUC) and location sensitivity were higher for the Australian radiologists who read the most cases per year.

  10. Regional case studies--India.

    PubMed

    Reddy, K Srinath

    2009-01-01

    As a proportion of all deaths in India, cardiovascular disease (CVD) will be the largest cause of disability and death, by the year 2020. At the present stage of India's health transition, an estimated 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life-years lost are contributed to chronic diseases. India also has the largest number of people with diabetes in the world, with an estimated 19.3 million in 1995 and projected 57.2 million in 2025. The prevalence of hypertension has been reported to range from 20 to 40% in urban adults and 12-17% among rural adults. The number of people with hypertension is expected to increase from 118.2 million in 2000 to 213.5 million in 2025, with nearly equal numbers of men and women. Over the coming decade, until 2015, CVD and diabetes will contribute to a cumulative loss of USD237 billion for the Indian economy. Much of this enormous burden is already evident in urban as well as semi-urban and slum dwellings across India, where increasing lifespan and rapid acquisition of adverse lifestyles related to the demographic transition contribute to the rising prevalence of CVDs and its risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. The underlying determinants are sociobehavioral factors such as smoking, physical inactivity, improper diet and stress. The changes in diet and physical activity have resulted largely from the epidemiological transition that is underway in most low income countries including India. The main driving forces of these epidemiological shifts are the globalized world, rapid and uneven urbanization, demographic shifts and inter- and intra-country migrations--all of which result in alterations in dietary practices and decreased physical activity. While these changes are global, India has several unique features. The transitions in India are uneven with several states in India still battling the ill effects of undernutrition and infectious diseases, while in other states with better indices of development, chronic diseases including diabetes are emerging as a major area of concern. Regional and urban-rural differences in the occurrence of CVD are the hallmark. All these differences result in a differing prevalence of CVD and its risk factors. Therefore while studying nutrition and physical activity shifts in India, the marked heterogeneity and secular changes in dietary and physical activity practices should be taken into account. This principle should also apply to strategies, policies and nutrition and physical activity guidelines so that they take the regional differences into account. PMID:19346764

  11. Racism in the Classroom: Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duhon, Gwendolyn M.

    This book presents 20 cases that address racism in one form or another. Many of the cases are from actual experience. They are intended to bring out actual or possible solutions so that student teachers, novice teachers, and seasoned teachers can find ideas for solving racist problems in their classrooms. The first part focuses on the early years,…

  12. Case Study: Camptocormia, a Rare Conversion Disorder.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rajmohan, Velayudhan; Thomas, Biju; Sreekumar, Kumaran

    2004-01-01

    Camptocormia is a condition characterized by severe frontal flexion of the spinal cord and knees, with passive drooping of both arms. It occurs as a form of conversion disorder. Some cases are associated with behavioral problems. A case of camptocormia of 2-year duration in a south Indian adolescent girl with oppositional defiant disorder and…

  13. Case Study: Anyone Who Had a Heart

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Philip J Stephens (Villanova University Biology)

    2004-12-04

    This is a case study for undergraduate students in animal physiology and can be adapted for anatomy, physiology, and/or anatomy and physiology courses. In particular this case study explores anatomy and physiology associated with the cardiovascular system (fetal and adult). Users of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science will be required to register (free) to gain access to the answer key (and must be of teaching status to receive the key). Included in the resource are the case overview, objectives, case study, teaching notes and answer key.

  14. Five years MIQE guidelines: the case of the Arabian countries.

    PubMed

    Abdel Nour, Afif M; Azhar, Esam; Damanhouri, Ghazi; Bustin, Stephen A

    2014-01-01

    The quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) has become a key molecular enabling technology with an immense range of research, clinical, forensic as well as diagnostic applications. Its relatively moderate instrumentation and reagent requirements have led to its adoption by numerous laboratories, including those located in the Arabian world, where qPCR, which targets DNA, and reverse transcription qPCR (RT-qPCR), which targets RNA, are widely used for region-specific biotechnology, agricultural and human genetic studies. However, it has become increasingly apparent that there are significant problems with both the quality of qPCR-based data as well as the transparency of reporting. This realisation led to the publication of the Minimum Information for Publication of Quantitative Real-Time PCR Experiments (MIQE) guidelines in 2009 and their more widespread adoption in the last couple of years. An analysis of the performance of biomedical research in the Arabian world between 2001-2005 suggests that the Arabian world is producing fewer biomedical publications of lower quality than other Middle Eastern countries. Hence we have analysed specifically the quality of RT-qPCR-based peer-reviewed papers published since 2009 from Arabian researchers using a bespoke iOS/Android app developed by one of the authors. Our results show that compliance with 15 essential MIQE criteria was low (median of 40%, range 0-93%) and few details on RNA quality controls (22% compliance), assays design (12%), RT strategies (32%), amplification efficiencies (30%) and the normalisation process (3%). These data indicate that one of the reasons for the poor performance of Arabian world biomedical research may be the low standard of any supporting qPCR experiments and identify which aspects of qPCR experiments require significant improvements. PMID:24505456

  15. Using Case Studies to Teach Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Clyde Freeman Herreid (University at Buffalo, State University of New York; )

    2005-05-01

    This article inspires educators to understand how case study teaching has gained a strong foothold in science education. Advances in the field include variations on methodology, from whole class discussion to the jigsaw approach, an increase in educational resources on the topic, over a thousand studies that show improved learning when case studies are used, and a survey that illustrates students enjoy and benefit from case studies.

  16. Natural history of chagasic cardiopathy in Chile. Follow-up of 71 cases after 4 years.

    PubMed

    Apt, W; Arribada, A; Cabrera, L; Sandoval, J

    1983-12-01

    As part of study of Chagasic cardiopathy in Chile we report a follow-up study of 100 cardiopathic patients from two endemic areas who had been diagnosed 4 years earlier during an epidemiological and clinical survey. The follow-up consisted of a clinical, serological and electrocardiographic examination, and a continuous ECG recording for 60 min to detect possible arrhythmias. From the original 100 cases, three had died: one of a gastric cancer and the other two due to probable chagasic cardiopathy. Twenty-six had migrated to other areas and were lost to our study. From the remaining 71 patients, 48 were asymptomatic and 23 had complaints including palpitations, dyspnoea and Stokes-Adams crisis. In most cases, seropositivity by indirect haemagglutination did not change, but in six cases the titres decreased, becoming negative in three of them. Xeno-diagnosis was positive in 19.3% of seropositive patients. The ECG had returned to normal in 18 cases (17%) but showed a higher degree of blockades in others, three of which reached complete A-V block. The 60 min ECG was very important as it showed alterations in 93% of the cases, revealing arrhythmias that the ECG alone did not show. This work demonstrates that chagasic cardiopathy in Chile is a slow, progressive disease, that attacks the heart as a whole, but with special damage to the conducting tissues. PMID:6672230

  17. PUREX transition project case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jasen

    1996-01-01

    In December 1992, the US Department of Energy (DOE) directed that the Plutonium-Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Plant be shut down and deactivated because it was no longer needed to support the nation`s production of weapons-grade plutonium. The PUREX\\/UOâ Deactivation Project will establish a safe and environmentally secure configuration for the facility and preserve that configuration for 10 years. The 10-year span

  18. Nine Years with Munchausen Syndrome: A Case of Psychogenic Dystonia

    PubMed Central

    Cakmak, Mirac A.; Sahin, Sevki; Cinar, Nilgun; Tiyekli, Utkan; Karsidag, Sibel

    2015-01-01

    Background Munchausen syndrome presenting with psychogenic dystonia is a rare condition. Phenomenology Shown A psychogenic dystonia case presenting with an acute onset of retrocollis, lower limb dystonia and bizarre gait was diagnosed as Munchausen syndrome. Educational Value Recognizing psychogenic dystonia avoids unnecessary investigations and provides successful treatment.

  19. Bullets in the mandible over 12 years: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Fernandes; F. A. Fernandes

    2007-01-01

    Foreign bodies that enter a patient as a result of trauma are contaminated and produce a range of symptoms. We report a case in which radiographic evidence of foreign bodies in the mandible exposed a history involving a gunshot injury to the chin. The patient did not have any major complaints relating to the bullets lodged in his mandible or

  20. Fatal burns in Manipal area: a 10 year study.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Virendra; Mohanty, Manoj Kumar; Kanth, Sarita

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to record and evaluate the causes and the magnitude of the fatal burn injuries retrospectively. An analysis of autopsy records revealed 19.4% cases of burn injuries amongst the total autopsies done over 10years period (1993-2002) in the mortuary of the department of Forensic Medicine of Kasturba medical College, Manipal. The majority of deaths (78.5%) occurred between 11 and 40years of age group with preponderance of females (74.8%). The flame burns were seen in 94.1% of the victims followed by scalds and electrical burns in 2.8% and 2.5% cases, respectively. The majority of burn incidents were accidental (75.8%) in nature followed by suicidal (11.5%) and homicidal (3.1%) deaths. The percentage of burn (TBSA) over 40% were observed in most of the cases (92.5%). The majority of deaths occurred within a week (69.87%) and most the victims died because of septicemia (50.9%). PMID:17046310

  1. Case Study: Solar science communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Sánchez-Andrade Nuńo

    2008-01-01

    The gap between scientific research and society is obvious. Unfortunately in most cases we are not able or don't pay enough attention to communicating the marvels of the Universe in which we all live to the public. In solar physics we are living in a privileged era, not only because we are pushing our observational limits further, but also because

  2. Unraveling phonological conspiracies: A case study.

    PubMed

    Dinnsen, Daniel A; Gierut, Judith A; Morrisette, Michele L; Rose, Darcy E

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on three seemingly unrelated error patterns in the sound system of a child with a phonological delay, Child 218 (male, age 4 years 6 months) and ascribes those error patterns to a larger conspiracy to eliminate fricatives from the phonetic inventory. Employing Optimality Theory for its advantages in characterizing conspiracies, our analysis offers a unified account of the observed repairs. The contextual restrictions on those repairs are, moreover, attributed to early developmental prominence effects, which are independently manifested in another error pattern involving rhotic consonants. Comparisons are made with a published case study involving a different implementation of the same conspiracy, the intent being to disambiguate the force behind certain error patterns. The clinical implications of the account are also considered. PMID:25000372

  3. Pathology Case Study: Destructive Palate Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dacic, Sanja

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which examines " a 46-year-old HIV-positive man with a history of substance abuse who presented with a destructive palate lesion that eroded into nasal cavity and maxillary sinus." Visitors are given microscopic description, including images, as well as immunohistochemistry and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  4. Case Studies in Primary Health Care

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Perry, Henry

    2011-01-01

    The Johns Hopkins University's Bloomberg School of Public Health has participated in the OpenCourseWare program for a number of years, and this course is one of their most recent offerings. Created by Henry Taylor and Henry Perry, these course materials introduce "students to the origins, concepts, and development of community-based primary health care through case studies from both developing and developed countries." On this course site, visitors can read through the syllabus, examine the course schedule, and look over the lecture materials. In the lecture materials area, visitors will find lecture slides and their corresponding audio files. Some of the topics covered here include the roots of community-based primary health care and women's empowerment in Afghanistan. Finally, visitors can check out some of the course readings, which are offered in the pdf format.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Progressive Shortness of Breath

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Gregorio, Remigio

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 67-year-old man who presented to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea and cough for 8 months and new onset chest pain. Visitors are given patient history, immunohistochemistry, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pulmonary pathology.

  6. Pathology Case Study: Cystic Intracerebral Tumor

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Arora, R.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 21-year-old man experienced an episode of seizures. The patientâ??s medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. Results from a cranial MRI along with microscopic description and images from a frontal lobectomy are provided here to help aid in understanding the diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section contains the attending doctorâ??s final diagnosis of the patient with commentary, and a detailed pathology. References are also included in this section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

  7. Pathology Case Study: Enlarged Axillary Lymph Node

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Contis, Lydia C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 73 year old female who had a history of thyroidectomy for benign nodules who presented with a lump in her thyroidectomy scar. Visitors are given a patient history, microscopic description, and immunohistochemistry, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopatholgy.

  8. Pathology Case Study: Enlarging Right Parotid Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lopes, M. Beatriz S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 35-year-old man with no significant past medical history who developed a firm mass below the right ear over the past several months. Visitors are given patient history, radiology findings, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are also given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in pathology.

  9. Pathology Case Study: Abdominal Bloating and Discomfort

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dunn, Jean

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which describes a 64-year-old woman initially diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia. Visitors are given an extensive patient history, radiology findings, and both gross and microscopic descriptions, including images. They are also given an opportunity to diagnose the patient using the findings before clicking on the "Final Diagnosis" section, which provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in autopsy pathology.

  10. Pathology Case Study: Dementia with Motor Dysfunction

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Spencer, David C.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, which a "77-year-old Hispanic-American man with a history of alcoholism and hepatitis C infection suffered severe bouts of recurrent hepatic encephalopathy." Visitors are given patient history, admission data, along with gross and microscopic descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. A "Final Diagnosis" section provides a discussion of the findings as well as references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in neuropathology.

  11. [Methods of psychotherapy case studies: current perspectives].

    PubMed

    Kramer, Ueli

    2011-01-01

    There is a renewal of interest among psychotherapy researchers and psychotherapists towards psychotherapy case studies. This article presents two paradigms that have greatly influenced this increasing interest in psychotherapy case studies : the pragmatic case study and the theory-building case study paradigm. The origins, developments and key-concepts of both paradigms are presented, as well as their methodological and ethical specificities. Examples of case studies, along with models developed, are cited. The differential influence of the post-modern schools on both paradigms are presented, as well as their contribution to the field of methods of psychotherapy case studies discussed and assessed in terms of relevance for the researcher and the psychotherapist. PMID:21983911

  12. Why breed every other year? The case of albatrosses.

    PubMed Central

    Jouventin, Pierre; Dobson, F Stephen

    2002-01-01

    Albatrosses exhibit extremely low reproductive rates, each pair brooding only one egg and subsequent chick at a time. Furthermore, in several of the species, the majority of successful pairs breed only once every second year (termed 'biennial' breeding). Thus, on average, these latter species have an annual fecundity of about half an offspring per year, while other albatrosses produce an egg and chick every year. Using our 40-year bank of demographic data, we compared 12 species of albatrosses according to these two breeding strategies to examine potential causes of biennial breeding. Biennial breeding could be due to physiological constraints, larger animals breeding more slowly, or ecological constraints, more distant pelagic feeding trips being energetically costly, or both. We tested these hypotheses by looking for predicted associations between the duration of the rearing period, the distance to the oceanic feeding zone and breeding frequency. We also looked for associations of these variables with other life-history traits. Body size had a strong influence on the duration of the rearing period, but not on the distance that birds travelled to the feeding zone. Both the duration of the rearing period and distance to the feeding zone appeared to have direct influences on breeding frequency, as revealed by a path analysis, and thus both hypotheses to explain biennial breeding were supported. Finally, breeding frequency exhibited a strong trade-off with adult survival and age at maturity, indicating that slower breeders live through more breeding seasons, perhaps mitigating their lower annual reproductive output. PMID:12350259

  13. National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science (University at Buffalo)

    2012-01-04

    One of the primary goals of the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science is to develop and maintain a nationally accessible refereed collection of exemplary case studies in all areas of science for use at the undergraduate, graduate, and high school level. We have been working toward this goal for over 10 years and our collection of more than 380 peer-reviewed cases has become the centerpiece of our website. The cases in our collection are written by science faculty primarily from the U.S. and Canada, although our authors also hail from Sweden, Egypt, and Australia. Cases on our site are published after undergoing a rigorous process of peer review and revision. All of them have teaching notes. Many also have answer keys, which are password protected. Copyright for these materials is held by the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science. They may be used by teachers subject to our usage guidelines.

  14. Academic Planning: Four Institutional Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kieft, Raymond N.

    As part of a project studying intrainstitutional planning, management, and evaluation, four case studies were undertaken in 1976 of academic planning at Villa Maria College, Kansas City Metropolitan Community College District, West Virginia University, and Western Washington University. The case studies were part of an ongoing project, the…

  15. Case Study: Online Banking Security

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kjell Jřrgen Hole; Vebjřrn Moen; Thomas Tjřstheim

    2006-01-01

    A description of attack scenarios over a two-year period illustrates several key security issues with Internet banking systems in Norway. Given the banks' security-by-obscurity policy, online customers knew little about security levels and falsely believed their assets were safe

  16. Cochlear Implants in the Inclusive Classroom: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jachova, Zora; Kovacevic, Jasmina

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a case study of a child aged 12 years with a cochlear implant who is attending a mainstream educational setting in Skopje, FYR Macedonia. The study, which uses both qualitative and quantitative data, took place over a period of 12 months. It illustrates the importance of professional development and training of teachers and a…

  17. Aging in Prison: A Case Study of New Elderly Offenders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald H. Aday

    1994-01-01

    This exploratory study focuses on the experience of aging in prison among those classified as the new elderly offenders. Using a case study approach, in-depth interviews were conducted in the summer of 1992 at a maximum-security reception center in the Southeast. The sample consisted of 25 new elderly offenders, with a mean age of 68 years. Major variables assessed in

  18. The Bureaucratising of Lesson Study: A Javanese Case

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kusanagi, Kanako N.

    2014-01-01

    Lesson study developed organically in Japan over a period of 140 years, whereas in Indonesia, lesson study was introduced as a top-down initiative. This research explores beyond general cultural differences by illustrating how the daily concerns of teachers and their social interactions differ in Japan and in the case of an Indonesian school, the…

  19. A History and Case Study at a Selected Tribal College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oltrogge, Micheal P.

    2010-01-01

    "A History and Case Study at a Selected Tribal College" focuses on a tribally chartered two-year institution of higher education. The selected Tribal College serves Native American and non-Native American populations on two separate and distinct reservations and one urban location. This study surveys the history to answer basic foundational and…

  20. Vasovagal Syncope Case Study/Laboratory Supplement

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Jan Foster (North Greenville University Biology)

    2012-05-01

    This is a case study emphasizing neural control of the cardiovascular system. This study was designed to be completed during an undergraduate anatomy and physiology laboratory period on the study of blood pressure and hemodynamics. This case study involves guided student exploration in understanding of the autonomic nervous system, heart rate, total peripheral resistance, cardiac output, blood pressure, and autoregulatory range. This study also includes an optional section on cardiovascular responses in pregnancy.

  1. Composites in manufacturing - Case studies

    SciTech Connect

    Strong, A.B. (Brigham Young University, Provo, UT (United States))

    1991-01-01

    The papers presented in this volume focus on 19 cases of applied technology in composites design and manufacturing, all of them dealing with specific products. Topics covered include design using composite in aerospace, innovative materials and processing, tooling, fasteners and adhesives, finishing, repair, specialty applications of composites, and applications in the automotive industry. Papers are presented on the filament winding of isogrid fuselage structures; design and use of aramid fiber in aircraft structures; resin transfer molding of a complex composite aircraft structure; and field repair of an advanced helicopter vertical fin structure.

  2. The Junior Year at Douglass Program in Women's Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burstyn, Joan N.; Hartman, Mary S.

    In 1983, Douglass College and the Women's Studies Program of the Faculty Arts and Sciences at Rutgers University were awarded a 3-year Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE) grant to develop a junior year at Douglass Program in Women's Studies. It allowed students from other four-year colleges to spend their junior year at…

  3. Education R and D Information. Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of Europe, Strasbourg (France). Documentation Center for Education in Europe.

    The Council of Europe's Documentation Center for Education in Europe sponsored case studies of research and development information systems for education in Finland, France, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The resulting case studies are each divided into the following six sections: (1) the problem of information and documentation in…

  4. Successful Principal Leadership: Australian Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gurr, David; Drysdale, Lawrie; Mulford, Bill

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to provide an Australian perspective on successful school leadership. Design/methodology/approach: The paper focuses on case studies in two Australian states (Tasmania and Victoria). Case studies for each state were developed independently and are reported separately. Findings: The findings show a remarkable degree of…

  5. Track and Trace Case Studies Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Kelepouris; Tom Baynham; Duncan McFarlane

    2006-01-01

    Report Abstract: As part of the track and trace theme of the Aero-ID programme, a series of case studies are being undertaken to establish the role of identification technologies can play in improving tracking and tracing. This report presents some initial results from two case studies focused on track and trace operations, which took place at a distribution centre for

  6. A Constructive Controversy Approach to "Case Studies"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Sharon R.; Erickson, Karla A.

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of analysis of student responses to a case study titled "Drinks and Dinner," the authors evaluate the pedagogical potential of using constructive controversy case studies to teach about inequality. "Drinks and Dinner" is designed to capture the complexity of social interactions that defy simple solutions to engage students in…

  7. Case-Control Study of Writer's Cramp

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roze, E.; Soumare, A.; Pironneau, I.; Sangla, S.; de Cock, V. Cochen; Teixeira, A.; Astorquiza, A.; Bonnet, C.; Bleton, J. P.; Vidailhet, M.; Elbaz, A.

    2009-01-01

    Task-specific focal dystonias are thought to be due to a combination of individual vulnerability and environmental factors. There are no case-control studies of risk factors for writer's cramp. We undertook a case-control study of 104 consecutive patients and matched controls to identify risk factors for the condition. We collected detailed data…

  8. Crowdsourcing for e-governance: case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neeta Shah; Ashutosh Dhanesha; Dravida Seetharam

    2009-01-01

    In this case study, we share our experience with creating and running a large scale initiative in the state of Gujarat in India wherein Crowdsourcing [1] was used to develop e-Governance applications. The case study provides details on the methodology used, lessons learnt, key success factors, challenges faced, and recommendations for future usage of crowdsourcing for building e-Governance applications. In

  9. Twenty Techniques for Teaching with Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sudzina, Mary R.

    2005-01-01

    Problem-based learning and teaching with case studies are instructional approaches that are increasingly being applied in a variety of disciplines, such as business, law, medicine, and education. Instructors who have experienced traditional, teacher-centered instruction are often looking for ways to successfully integrate case studies, a…

  10. Academic year 2014-2015 Study Programme

    E-print Network

    60 180 5 Materials Science Thermodynamics Iris De Graeve TW10 6 1 2 1 60 180 6 Composites Joris 2 30 120 7 Welding Metallurgy [nl] Dirk Vanderschueren TW04 3 2 22.5 90 8 Metal Processing Valid as from the academic year 2014-2015 Master of Science in Sustainable Materials Engineering (v1

  11. Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and

    E-print Network

    Zheng, Chunmiao

    Case Study/ Ground Water Sustainability: Methodology and Application to the North China Plain this study focuses on the NCP, it illustrates a general modeling framework for analyzing the sustainability

  12. Are nested case-control studies biased?

    PubMed

    Langholz, Bryan; Richardson, David

    2009-05-01

    It has been recently asserted that the nested case-control study design, in which case-control sets are sampled from cohort risk sets, can introduce bias ("study design bias") when there are lagged exposures. The bases for this claim include a theoretical and an "empirical evaluation" argument. We examined both of these arguments and found them to be incorrect. We describe an appropriate empirical evaluation method to explore the performance of nested case-control study designs and analysis methods from an existing cohort. This empirical evaluation approach relies on simulating case-control outcomes from risk sets in the cohort from which the case-control study is to be performed. Because it is based on the underlying cohort structure, the empirical evaluation can provide an assessment that is tailored to the specific characteristics of the study under consideration. The methods are illustrated using samples from the Colorado Plateau uranium miners cohort. PMID:19289963

  13. Three-Year Reproducibility of Natural Head Position; A Longitudinal Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Nouri; M. Mir; A. Akbarzadeh; A. Marami

    2006-01-01

    Statement of problem: Few longitudinal studies have evaluated the reproducibility of natural head position (NHP) with more than six months follow-up. Purpose: The present investigation was conducted to estimate the reproducibility of NHP in adult cases after three years. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 27 volunteer dental students, 19-29 years of age. One radiograph and two

  14. Palpitations following regular ibuprofen dosing in a 13-year-old girl: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert J Douglas

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The sensation of palpitations may either be the initial or the only symptom of cardiac arrhythmia. We describe a case of an apparent clear temporal relationship between standard ibuprofen dosing and palpitations. A review of the medical literature revealed this to be, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of this type. CASE PRESENTATION: A 13-year-old

  15. Pathology Case Sstudy: A 59-Year-Old Female with a Right Atrial Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a cardiovascular pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 59-year-old black female has diffuse large cell lymphoma (i.e. right atrial mass). Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  16. Design for All: Consumer Needs Assessment Project Year 2. Results of the Second Year of a Five Year Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Carolyn

    This paper describes the second year of a 5-year study of the needs of individuals with disabilities as they relate to consumer products. The study employed focus group research techniques in which group members responded to issues and raised their own concerns regarding general products and equipment specially designed for persons with…

  17. Congenital lobar emphysema: 30-year case series in two university hospitals*

    PubMed Central

    Cataneo, Daniele Cristina; Rodrigues, Olavo Ribeiro; Hasimoto, Erica Nishida; Schmidt, Aurelino Fernandes; Cataneo, Antonio José Maria

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To review the cases of patients with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) submitted to surgical treatment at two university hospitals over a 30-year period. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of children with CLE undergoing surgical treatment between 1979 and 2009 at the Botucatu School of Medicine Hospital das Clínicas or the Mogi das Cruzes University Hospital. We analyzed data regarding symptoms, physical examination, radiographic findings, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and postoperative follow-up. RESULTS: During the period studied, 20 children with CLE underwent surgery. The mean age at the time of surgery was 6.9 months (range, 9 days to 4 years). All of the cases presented with symptoms at birth or during the first months of life. In all cases, chest X-rays were useful in defining the diagnosis. In cases of moderate respiratory distress, chest CT facilitated the diagnosis. One patient with severe respiratory distress was misdiagnosed with hypertensive pneumothorax and underwent chest tube drainage. Only patients with moderate respiratory distress were submitted to bronchoscopy, which revealed no tracheobronchial abnormalities. The surgical approach was lateral muscle-sparing thoracotomy. The left upper and middle lobes were the most often affected, followed by the right upper lobe. Lobectomy was performed in 18 cases, whereas bilobectomy was performed in 2 (together with bronchogenic cyst resection in 1 of those). No postoperative complications were observed. Postoperative follow-up time was at least 24 months (mean, 60 months), and no late complications were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Although CLE is an uncommon, still neglected disease of uncertain etiology, the radiological diagnosis is easily made and surgical treatment is effective. PMID:24068262

  18. Presentation of case: Bladder cancer in an 18 year old female patient

    PubMed Central

    Sheehan, Lisa; Anwar, Adeel; Kommu, Sashi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Bladder cancers are not very common in the young population below 20 years of age, especially in those who have not been exposed to chemotherapy, bladder augmentation surgery and other known risk factors. By highlighting this case we hope to raise awareness in the medical community, that the symptom of visible haematuria can potentially be due to a bladder malignancy and therefore this should be thoroughly investigated. Presentation of case An 18-year-old female presented with intermittent macroscopic haematuria and non-specific abdominal pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal. An ultrasound scan initially showed a bladder wall lesion, which a flexible cystoscopy confirmed. Histology revealed grade 2 papillary transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with no invasion into the lamina propria (G2pTa TCCB). Discussion We recognise through our literature review that paediatric bladder cancers are not commonly reported in the UK. In our paper we highlight the relevant major studies that have been carried out world-wide, the reported incidence so far and gaps in the evidence base. Conclusion Despite the dearth of data about paediatric bladder malignancies there is enough case-based evidence, from world-wide sources, to support that bladder cancer must be suspected in the event of macroscopic haematuria. Ultrasound and cystoscopy are the standard diagnostic tools for bladder tumours. Endoscopic resection of the tumour followed up by interval ultrasound scans and flexible cystoscopy checks remain the mainstay of treatment hitherto. PMID:25574770

  19. Elementary Social Studies, Years 1-7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Columbia Dept. of Education, Victoria.

    The guide presents elementary social studies units investigating man as a social and cultural being in studies of widening social units, beginning with the family and ending with the world. Objectives are to encourage the child to organize his inquiry using social studies skills, to provide him with a means of understanding the world around him,…

  20. [Burn injuries due to fireworks during New Year holiday. A 10-year case load].

    PubMed

    Udesen, A; Ovesen, O C

    1991-04-15

    Minor burns due to fireworks which are treated in the Casualty Department have remained constant during the past ten years. The injured patients are boys and young men between 7-19 years. Boys are injured ten times as frequently as girls. The commonest sites of injuries are the upper limbs, the head and neck. The number of patients admitted to hospital on account of serious burns has increased. These are most frequently caused by clothes catching fire from fireworks which have been hidden under outer clothes or in trouser pockets. In order to avoid the serious burns caused by burning clothes, it is recommended that fireworks should not be concealed under clothes but carried away from the body possibly in a container made of non-inflammable material. PMID:2024348

  1. Fall--First Year Liberal Studies Program (LSP)

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    SPANISH Fall--First Year · SPAN 101 · Liberal Studies Program (LSP) coursework Fall--Second Year · SPAN 201 · Liberal Studies Program (LSP) coursework · Class towards minor or area of interest Fall--Third Year · SPAN 330 · Liberal Studies Program (LSP) coursework · Class towards minor or area of interest

  2. From single-case studies to practice-based knowledge: Aggregating and synthesizing case studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shigeru Iwakabe; Nicola Gazzola

    2009-01-01

    Recent developments in case study methodology reflect a rising interest that clinicians and researchers share in building a clinically useful and empirically sound knowledge base from single-case studies. The present article describes three types of single-case studies (clinical, experimental, systematic) and examines their potential contributions to psychotherapy research. It then lays out three ways in which single-case studies can be

  3. Stuttering, Cluttering, and Phonological Complexity: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaSalle, Lisa R.; Wolk, Lesley

    2011-01-01

    The phonological complexity of dysfluencies in those who clutter and/or stutter may help us better understand phonetic factors in these two types of fluency disorders. In this preliminary investigation, cases were three 14-year-old males, diagnosed as a Stutterer, a Clutterer, and a Stutterer-Clutterer. Spontaneous speech samples were transcribed,…

  4. Case Studies in Literacy Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purvis, Don

    The report details results of a research project to monitor and map the literacy development of three learners of English as a Second Language (ESL) studying in an Australian English program for adult migrants. The objective was to gain a longitudinal picture of their reading and writing development over a period of nine months. Five additional…

  5. Courseware Validation: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Persico, D.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses summative and formative evaluation methods used and problems encountered in the study of LOGICLANDIA, a courseware package for the teaching and learning of predicate logic in Italian secondary schools. The evaluation process had three phases: subjective, in-house prototypes, and field testing. Results produced revisions in courseware…

  6. Thiamin Deficiency: A Directed Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dhar, Preeti

    This case study will stimulate students' interest in biochemistry by examining dietary preferences and practices and how they relate to vitamin deficiencies. The lesson demonstrates how biochemistry links metabolism and health. The material would be appropriate for lower level undergraduate students, particularly when studying biochemistry or nutrition. The case study and teaching notes may be downloaded in PDF format. The site also includes a section for instructor feedback where general comments may be read and contributed.

  7. Case study: inoculation herpes barbae.

    PubMed

    Parlette, Eric C; Polo, James M

    2005-01-01

    A 21-year-old white man in otherwise excellent general health was referred for a painful, progressive, facial eruption with associated fever, malaise, and cervicofacial lymphadenopathy. The patient reported that a vesicular eruption progressed from the left side of his face to also involve the right side of his face over the 48 hours preceding his clinic visit. He also reported some lesions in his throat and the back of his mouth causing pain and difficulty swallowing. Four to 7 days before presentation to us, the patient noted exposure to his girlfriend's cold sore. Additionally, he complained of a personal history of cold sores, but had no recent outbreaks. Physical examination revealed a somewhat ill man with numerous vesicles and donut-shaped, 2-4 mm, crusted erosions predominantly on the left side of the bearded facial skin. There were fewer, but similar-appearing lesions, on the right-bearded skin. The lesions appeared folliculocentric (Figure). Cervical and submandibular lymphadenopathy was present. Oral exam showed shallow erosions on the tonsillar pillars and soft palate. Genital examination was normal. The remainder of the physical exam was unremarkable. A Tzanck smear of vesicular lesions was positive for balloon cells and many multinucleated giant cells with nuclear molding. A viral culture was performed which, in several days, came back positive for herpes simplex virus. The complete blood cell count documented a white blood cell count of 8000/mm3 with 82.6% neutrophils and 9.0% lymphocytes. Based on the clinical presentation and the positive Tzanck smear, the patient was diagnosed with herpes simplex barbae, most likely spread by shaving. The patient was started on acyclovir 200 mg p.o. five times daily for 10 days. Oxycodone 5 mg in addition to acetaminophen 325 mg (Percocet; Endo Pharmaceuticals, Chadds Ford, PA) was prescribed for pain relief. A 1:1:1 suspension of viscous lidocaine (Xylocaine; AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP, Wilmington, DE), diphenhydramine (Benadryl; Pfizer Inc., New York, NY), and attapulgite (Kaopectate; Pfizer Inc., New York, NY) was given as a swish and spit to relieve the oral discomfort. Good hygiene, no skin-to-skin contact with others, and no further shaving to prevent autoinoculation were stressed. He was advised to discard his old razor. PMID:15891258

  8. A Singapore Case of Lesson Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Lu Pien; Yee, Lee Peng

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we present a case study of six Singaporean elementary school teachers working in a Lesson Study team that prepared them for problem solving instruction. The Lesson Study process included preparing, observing, and critiquing mathematics lessons in the context of solving fractions tasks. By conducting Lesson Study, we anticipated…

  9. Case studies for teaching usability engineering

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Beth Rosson; John M. Carroll; Con M. Rodi

    2004-01-01

    A challenge in teaching usability engineering is providing appropriate hands-on project experience. Students need projects that are realistic enough to address meaningful issues, but manageable within one semester. We describe our use of online case studies to motivate and model course projects in usability engineering. The cases illustrate scenario-based usability methods, and are accessed via a custom browser. We summarize

  10. Case Studies on Educational Administration. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kowalski, Theodore J.

    This book contains 24 case studies selected to demonstrate the different types of challenges in contemporary educational leadership. It is intended to help prospective administrators develop decision-making skills. The cases are quite complex with multiple viewpoints and aspects. They represent a range of problems encountered by practitioners in…

  11. Case Studies of Environmental Risks to Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldman, Lynn R.

    1995-01-01

    Presents case studies on children's exposure to pesticides, including risks through the use of the insecticide aldicarb on bananas, the home use of diazinon, and the use of interior house paint containing mercury. These cases illustrate how regulatory agencies, parents, health-care providers, and others who come into contact with children have…

  12. JPL Fault Protection Experiences - Case Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barltrop, Kevin; Dvorak, Dan

    2008-01-01

    This slide presentation shows several case studies for fault protection. The cases involve a discovery-class mission to excavate material from a comet, rendezvous with two asteroids and develop a prototype system for a next-generation Deep Space Network consisting of ndca large array of small antennas.

  13. Case Studies in School Library Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coburn, Louis

    Twenty-one case studies, representative of an area of concern in school library administration, are presented as a classroom technique for students of school library management. Analysis and interpretation of these cases by students provide a vehicle for teaching library administration. (AB)

  14. Case Studies in Elementary and Secondary Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boboc, Marius; Nordgren, R. D.

    2010-01-01

    Practical and engaging, this book contains 21 case studies that help students apply curriculum theory to classroom reality. Each case is authored by an in-service teacher, reflecting on ways to improve instruction by making changes to various aspects of the curriculum. These real-life examples investigate up-to-date curricular issues ranging from…

  15. The presence of cariogenic and periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of one-year-old infants delivered pre-term with very low birthweights: a case control study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Recently, the dental literature has focused mainly on the microbial colonization of healthy full-term infants and their mothers or caretakers. However, oral microbial acquisition by premature infants has not been adequately investigated, and the correlation between pre-term birth and the presence of cariogenic and periodontal pathogens has not been determined. The aim of this study was to identify the presence and quantities of representative cariogenic and periodontal pathogens in the oral cavities of 12-month-old infants and compare the occurrence of these microbes between a cohort of pre-term infants with very low birthweights and a control cohort comprising full-term infants. Methods The research cohort was composed of 69 one-year-old infants, of whom 24 were born prematurely with very low birthweights and 45 of whom were carried to full term. Information regarding the infants’ gestational age, mode of delivery, general health status, birthweight and antibiotic use were obtained from hospital records and through oral interviews. At 12 months of age, both groups of infants were examined, and unstimulated saliva samples from the dorsum of the tongue and dental plaque samples were collected. The microorganisms (Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus spp., Actinomyces spp., Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Peptostreptococcus micros, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum) were identified and their quantities were evaluated using a PCR-based method. The chi-squared and Fisher’s factorial tests were used for the statistical evaluations. Results The infants had a high prevalence of cariogenic microbes and of Fusosbacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans. Cariogenic microbes were detected in 91.7% of the very low birthweight infants and in all full-term infants. Periodontal pathogens were present in 83% of the pre-term infants and in 96% of the full-term infants. A significant difference was found between the cohorts in terms of the presence of S. mutans. Most of the very low birthweight infants had negative values of this microbe, while the full-term infants had positive values. Conclusions This study confirms the early transmission of representative cariogenic and periodontal pathogens to the oral cavity of one-year-old infants and a higher prevalence of S. mutans in full-term infants than in premature infants. PMID:25178742

  16. Secretory breast carcinoma in a 12-year-old girl: A case report

    PubMed Central

    WANG, YA-QI; WANG, YU; ZHANG, JING-HUA; LI, YU-FENG; LI, HONG-MIN; WANG, LEI; YAO, YUAN

    2014-01-01

    Secretory breast carcinoma (SBC) is a rare tumor that was originally described in children and adolescent women, with a characteristic morphology and controversy regarding the choice of treatment. This unusual breast cancer subtype generally has a favorable prognosis, although several cases have been described in adults with increased tumor aggressiveness and a risk of metastases. Surgery is considered the most appropriate treatment for this pathology. The present study describes the case of a 12-year-old female who presented with a painless lump in the left breast, and subsequently underwent a biopsy of the sentinel lymph node and a partial resection of the left breast (breast-conserving therapy). Periodic follow-up examinations after completion of the surgical and chemotherapeutic treatment have shown no evidence of either local regression or distant metastases and, one year later, the patient remains free of the disease. This study suggests that local excision with sentinel lymph node mapping may be a suitable therapeutic approach for children with SBC PMID:25202382

  17. Secretory breast carcinoma in a 12-year-old girl: A case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ya-Qi; Wang, Yu; Zhang, Jing-Hua; Li, Yu-Feng; Li, Hong-Min; Wang, Lei; Yao, Yuan

    2014-10-01

    Secretory breast carcinoma (SBC) is a rare tumor that was originally described in children and adolescent women, with a characteristic morphology and controversy regarding the choice of treatment. This unusual breast cancer subtype generally has a favorable prognosis, although several cases have been described in adults with increased tumor aggressiveness and a risk of metastases. Surgery is considered the most appropriate treatment for this pathology. The present study describes the case of a 12-year-old female who presented with a painless lump in the left breast, and subsequently underwent a biopsy of the sentinel lymph node and a partial resection of the left breast (breast-conserving therapy). Periodic follow-up examinations after completion of the surgical and chemotherapeutic treatment have shown no evidence of either local regression or distant metastases and, one year later, the patient remains free of the disease. This study suggests that local excision with sentinel lymph node mapping may be a suitable therapeutic approach for children with SBC. PMID:25202382

  18. Implementing RTI in a High School: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Douglas; Frey, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    This case study chronicles the efforts of a small high school over a 2-year period as it designed and implemented a response to intervention (RTI) program for students at the school. Their efforts were largely successful, with improved achievement, attendance, and grade point averages and a decrease in special education referrals. Major themes…

  19. Farmers' Markets in Rural Communities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alfonso, Moya L.; Nickelson, Jen; Cohen, Danielle

    2012-01-01

    Background: Although the potential health benefits of farmers markets have been discussed for years, there is a dearth of literature to aid health educators in advocating for the development of local farmers markets. Purpose: The purpose of this manuscript is to present a case study of a rural farmers market in southeast Georgia with emphasis on…

  20. A Literacy Program for Fathers: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saracho, Olivia N.

    2008-01-01

    A case study approach was used to document the literacy experiences of 25 fathers and their children who participated in a family literacy program. It explored the effects of a literacy intervention that was designed to assist fathers of five-year-old children to develop their children's literacy learning in a family environment. The findings…

  1. A Case (Study) For Usability in Secure Email Communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Apu Kapadia

    2007-01-01

    As a network security researcher, the author finds it very disappointing that most users can't, or simply don't, secure their everyday Internet communications. For good reason, usability in security has received a fair deal of attention in the past few years. To push the issue further, the author decided to initiate his own informal case study on the usability and

  2. Primary Datasets for Case Studies of River-Water Quality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goulder, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    Level 6 (final-year BSc) students undertook case studies on between-site and temporal variation in river-water quality. They used professionally-collected datasets supplied by the Environment Agency. The exercise gave students the experience of working with large, real-world datasets and led to their understanding how the quality of river water is…

  3. Service-Learning and Interior Design: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sterling, Mary

    2007-01-01

    The case study approach was used to analyze experiential learning through its three components: knowledge, action, and reflection. Two interior design courses were integrated through a university service-learning project. The restoration/adaptive reuse of a 95-year-old library building was to serve as a prototype for future off-campus…

  4. Netflix in an Academic Library: A Personal Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ciara Healy

    2010-01-01

    This is a personal case study of the implementation of a Netflix subscription to augment a media collection at a community college. The implementation process is explained against the backdrop of a particular collection development crisis that gripped the college media collection that year. In these particular circumstances, Netflix turned out to be an excellent, cost-effective solution.

  5. Suicide behind bars: A 10-year retrospective study

    PubMed Central

    Bardale, Rajesh V.; Dixit, Pradeep G.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Studies conducted in several countries have found an increase in suicide rates in custody than the general population. Aims: The aim was to assess the trends of suicide in custody and to identify characteristics. Materials and Methods: We examined all available files of the death of people in custody through 2001 to 2010. Information collected included age, sex, type of custody, place of death, presence of any associated disease, history of any psychiatric illness, substance abuse, and cause of death. Results: A total 173 autopsies was performed out of which 14 cases were of suicide. The mean age was 31.71 years. 71.42% deaths were noted in police lock-ups while 28.57% were recorded in prison. Hanging was the common method of suicide followed by poisoning. Conclusion: Suicide in custodial setting is preventable problem in India. Preventing suicide in custody needs cooperation and coordination from various agencies. PMID:25657462

  6. One Year Later: The Influence of Short-Term Study Abroad Experiences on Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowan-Kenyon, Heather T.; Niehaus, Elizabeth K.

    2011-01-01

    Using transformational learning as a framework and a case study approach, this study explored how students make meaning of their experiences 1 year after a weeklong study abroad experience and examines how they integrate their study abroad experience into their lives. The findings include that students who had engaged in subsequent learning…

  7. The abundance and diversity of legume-nodulating rhizobia in 28-year-old plantations of tropical, subtropical, and exotic tree species: a case study from the Forest Reserve of Bandia, Senegal.

    PubMed

    Sene, Godar; Thiao, Mansour; Samba-Mbaye, Ramatoulaye; Khasa, Damase; Kane, Aboubacry; Mbaye, Mame Samba; Beaulieu, Marie-Čve; Manga, Anicet; Sylla, Samba Ndao

    2013-01-01

    Several fast-growing and multipurpose tree species have been widely used in West Africa to both reverse the tendency of land degradation and restore soil productivity. Although beneficial effects have been reported on soil stabilization, there still remains a lack of information about their impact on soil microorganisms. Our investigation has been carried out in exotic and native tree plantations of 28 years and aimed to survey and compare the abundance and genetic diversity of natural legume-nodulating rhizobia (LNR). The study of LNR is supported by the phylogenetic analysis which clustered the isolates into three genera: Bradyrhizobium, Mesorhizobium, and Sinorhizobium. The results showed close positive correlations between the sizes of LNR populations estimated both in the dry and rainy seasons and the presence of legume tree hosts. There were significant increases in Rhizobium spp. population densities in response to planting with Acacia spp., and high genetic diversities and richness of genotypes were fittest in these tree plantations. This suggests that enrichment of soil Rhizobium spp. populations is host specific. The results indicated also that species of genera Mesorhizobium and Sinorhizobium were lacking in plantations of non-host species. By contrast, there was a widespread distribution of Bradyrhizobium spp. strains across the tree plantations, with no evident specialization in regard to plantation type. Finally, the study provides information about the LNR communities associated with a range of old tree plantations and some aspects of their relationships to soil factors, which may facilitate the management of man-made forest systems that target ecosystem rehabilitation and preservation of soil biota. PMID:22864803

  8. Implementing CHP in Louisiana: A Case Study 

    E-print Network

    Kozman, T. A.; Carriere, J. L.; Lee, J.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this research is to evaluate issues related to implementing CHP systems in Louisiana. A case study is used to show the system design, economic analysis and permitting process. The implementation process will focus on the air...

  9. The TAMU Outdoors Program: a case study

    E-print Network

    Kott, Patsy L

    1990-01-01

    (Chairman, Advisory Committee) Dr. Louis Hodges (Committee Member) Dr. Camille Bun ing (Committe ember) May, 1990 ABSTRACT 111 The TANU Outdoors Program: A Case Study (Nay 1990) Patsy L. Kott, B. S. , Southwest Texas State University Chairman...

  10. A case study of Vioxx using STAMP

    E-print Network

    Couturier, Matthieu (Matthieu Jean)

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this thesis is to investigate and demonstrate the application of a systems approach to drug safety. The recall of the prescription drug Vioxx (Rofecoxib) was used as a test case to study whether STAMP (Systems ...

  11. Student Outcomes Study. Year One, Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slark, Julie; And Others

    A study was conducted by the Learning Assessment Retention Consortium (LARC) to describe the outcomes (i.e., goal satisfaction, retention, and skills acquisition) of students enrolled in remedial English writing courses in a sample of California community colleges, and to develop an evaluation model which could be used in community colleges to…

  12. Academic year 2014-2015 Study Programme

    E-print Network

    37.5 180 9 Heating, Ventilation, Air-conditioning and Refrigeration Michel De Paepe TW03 3 1 45 90 3 period 1. MT1 SemesterCourse name MT2CRDT RefNo. Contact StudyLecturer (dept.) 1 Controlled Electrical

  13. Academic year 2014-2015 Study Programme

    E-print Network

    by the faculty. The course 'Safety of Electrical and Mechanical Installations' is compulsory. MT1 SemesterCourse name MT2CRDT RefNo. Contact StudyLecturer (dept.) 1 Safety of Electrical and Mechanical Installations Gielen TW05 3 1 15 90 13 Movement and Sports: Now and Later [nl] Dirk De Clercq GE25 3 2 30 90 14

  14. A TEN-YEAR STUDY OF ANENCEPHALY

    PubMed Central

    Smilkstein, Gabriel

    1962-01-01

    The incidence of anencephaly at the Los Angeles County General Hospital during the period of July, 1948 through June, 1958 was 0.049 per cent. Worldwide the range of reported incidence is 0.012 per cent to 0.671 per cent. In this study 65 per cent of the total number of anencephalics delivered were females, a predominance agreeing with reports by other investigators. Polyhydramnios appeared in 38 per cent of the anencephalic pregnancies of this study, while 15 per cent of the deliveries were complicated by placenta praevia. A significant number (48 per cent) of the multiparae gave a history of previous stillbirths or abortions. The present study does not support observations by other investigators which indicated an increase in anencephalic births during the winter months. Evidence from stillbirth statistics would seem to indicate that anencephaly is primarily a genetically induced phenomenon. Further evaluation and analysis of the predominance of females in anencephalic stillbirths and abortions is suggested, in order to study whether the observed secondary or birth sex ratio (in which males predominate) is, in fact, due to genetic effect. PMID:13914041

  15. Cross-Domain Interoperability: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jukka Honkola; Hannu Laine; Ronald Brown; Ian Oliver

    2009-01-01

    We describe a case study of the behaviour of four agents using a space based communication architecture. We demonstrate that\\u000a interoperability may be achieved by the agents merely describing information about themselves using an agreed upon common\\u000a ontology. The case study consists of an exercise logger, a game, a mood rendered attached to audio player and phone status\\u000a observing agents.

  16. Pathology Case Study: Left Facial Numbness

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Heyman, Rock A.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 56-year-old woman developed left facial numbness, followed by right peripheral facial weakness, left hand weakness, and left side hearing loss and tinnitus. The patientâ??s medical history and detailed description of her symptoms after admittance to the hospital are included in the â??Patient Historyâ?ť section. Results from a cranial magnetic resonance (MR) scan along with a microscopic description and images of a sural nerve biopsy are provided here to help aid in understanding the diagnosis. The â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section contains the attending doctorâ??s notes on the patient with commentary, and a detailed pathology. References are also included in this section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

  17. Research Paper: A Randomized Trial Comparing Telemedicine Case Management with Usual Care in Older, Ethnically Diverse, Medically Underserved Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: 5 Year Results of the IDEATel Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Shea; Ruth S. Weinstock; Jeanne A. Teresi; Walter Palmas; Justin Starren; James J. Cimino; Albert M. Lai; Lesley Fields; Philip C. Morin; Robin Goland; Roberto E. Izquierdo; Susana Ebner; Stephanie Silver; Eva Petkova; Jian Kong; Joseph P. Eimicke

    2009-01-01

    ContextTelemedicine is a promising but largely unproven technology for providing case management services to patients with chronic conditions and lower access to care.ObjectivesTo examine the effectiveness of a telemedicine intervention to achieve clinical management goals in older, ethnically diverse, medically underserved patients with diabetes.Design, Setting, and PatientsA randomized controlled trial was conducted, comparing telemedicine case management to usual care, with

  18. Academic Year and/or Summer Foreign Language & Area Studies

    E-print Network

    Indiana University

    Academic Year and/or Summer Foreign Language & Area Studies FLAS Fellowships 201 -201 Academic Year Kurdish Kyrgyz Modern Hebrew Mongolian Pashto (Pushto) Persian Polish Portuguese Quechua Romanian Russian

  19. Academic year 2014-2015 Study Programme

    E-print Network

    of Electrical and Mechanical Installations' is compulsory. MT1 SemesterCourse name MT2CRDT RefNo. Contact StudyLecturer (dept.) 1 Safety of Electrical and Mechanical Installations [nl] Alex Van den Bossche TW08 3 2 30 90 2 EB09 4 2 30 120 12 Dare to Start Frank Gielen TW05 3 1 15 90 13 Movement and Sports: Now and Later

  20. Assurance Case Driven Case Study Design for Requirements Engineering Research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robin A. Gandhi; Seok-Won Lee

    2009-01-01

    \\u000a [Context and motivation] Case studies have the potential to be an essential bridge between the constructive (build new theories, algorithms, or methods\\u000a to address practical problems) and the empirical (develop evidence through observation of or experience with existing methods\\u000a or artifacts in practice) approaches to requirements engineering research. [Question\\/problem] To realize this potential, our aim is to provide representational guidance

  1. A Case Study about Communication Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lin, Grace Hui Chin

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this case study was to identify what were Taiwanese University English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners' perceptions about learning communication strategies. This study collected qualitative data about students' beliefs and attitudes as they learned communication strategies. The research question guiding the study was:…

  2. 26 CFR 301.9100-14T - Individual's election to terminate taxable year when case commences.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Example. (1) Assume that husband and wife are calendar-year taxpayers...bankruptcy case involving only the husband commences on March 1, 1982, and...October 10, 1982. (2) If the husband does not make an election,...

  3. Teaching Business Demography Using Case Studies.

    PubMed

    Swanson, David A; Morrison, Peter A

    2010-02-01

    Many faculty members consider using case studies but not all end up using them. We provide a brief review of what cases are intended to do and identify three ways in which they can be used. We then use an example to illustrate how we have used the case study method in teaching business demography. Among other benefits, we note that the case studies method not only encourages the acquisition of skills by students, but can be used to promote "deep structure learning," an approach naturally accommodates other features associated with the case studies method-the development of critical thinking skills, the use of real world problems, the emphasis of concepts over mechanics, writing and presentation skills, active cooperative learning and the "worthwhileness" of a course. As noted by others, we understand the limitations of the case study method. However, given its strengths, we believe it has a place in the instructional toolbox for courses in business demography. The fact that courses we teach is a testament to our perceived efficacy of this tool. PMID:20190858

  4. Pancreatic tail schwannoma in a 44-year-old male: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Abu-Zaid, Ahmed; Azzam, Ayman; Abou Al-Shaar, Hussam; Alshammari, Abdullah M; Amin, Tarek; Mohammed, Shamayel

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic schwannomas are exceedingly uncommon neoplasms. According to a recent study in 2012, less than 50 cases of pancreatic schwannoma have been described in the English literature over the past thirty years. The vast majority of pancreatic schwannomas take place in the head and body of pancreas, respectively. Herein, we report the case of pancreatic tail ancient schwannoma in a 44-year-old man who presented with a 4-month history of epigastric pain. On physical examination, epigastric region was moderately tender to palpation without evidence of a palpable mass. All laboratory tests were normal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 9.2 × 9.5 × 11.5?cm, huge, and well-defined left suprarenal mass arising either from adrenal gland, pancreas, or retroperitoneum. The mass demonstrated mild heterogeneous enhancement with central cystic/necrotic area. No evidence of distant metastasis was identified. At laparoscopy, the mass was noticed to originate from pancreatic tail. Patient underwent surgical resection of pancreatic tail. Microscopic and immunohistochemical examination of the pancreatic tail specimen showed ancient schwannoma. Patient received no adjuvant therapy. At a postoperative 6-month followup, patient was completely asymptomatic and CT scan imaging showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Moreover, a literature review on pancreatic schwannomas is presented. PMID:24371534

  5. Pancreatic Tail Schwannoma in a 44-Year-Old Male: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Alshammari, Abdullah M.; Mohammed, Shamayel

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic schwannomas are exceedingly uncommon neoplasms. According to a recent study in 2012, less than 50 cases of pancreatic schwannoma have been described in the English literature over the past thirty years. The vast majority of pancreatic schwannomas take place in the head and body of pancreas, respectively. Herein, we report the case of pancreatic tail ancient schwannoma in a 44-year-old man who presented with a 4-month history of epigastric pain. On physical examination, epigastric region was moderately tender to palpation without evidence of a palpable mass. All laboratory tests were normal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 9.2 × 9.5 × 11.5?cm, huge, and well-defined left suprarenal mass arising either from adrenal gland, pancreas, or retroperitoneum. The mass demonstrated mild heterogeneous enhancement with central cystic/necrotic area. No evidence of distant metastasis was identified. At laparoscopy, the mass was noticed to originate from pancreatic tail. Patient underwent surgical resection of pancreatic tail. Microscopic and immunohistochemical examination of the pancreatic tail specimen showed ancient schwannoma. Patient received no adjuvant therapy. At a postoperative 6-month followup, patient was completely asymptomatic and CT scan imaging showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Moreover, a literature review on pancreatic schwannomas is presented. PMID:24371534

  6. Hepatopulmonary hydatidosis in a ten-year-old girl: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus and is characterised by cystic lesions in the liver and lungs. Concomitant pulmonary and hepatic localization of hydatid cysts in childhood is unusual and represents a distinct clinical entity called hepatopulmonary hydatidosis. Case presentation A ten-year-old Caucasian girl, a permanent resident of rural Greece, was admitted to hospital reporting a nonspecific symptomatology compatible with a diagnosis of viral infection. Chest radiography revealed a large homogenous circular opacity in the right lung field. On the basis of imaging studies, a diagnosis of hydatidosis was made with synchronous hepatic and pulmonary involvement, successfully managed through a single-stage transthoracic surgical approach. Conclusion This case report highlights the necessity of realizing that hydatid disease continues to be a public health problem, which often remains asymptomatic for years. Therefore, the presence of any homogeneous cystic spherical opacity on routine chest radiography should raise the suspicion of hydatid disease, mainly in endemic areas such as Greece. General practitioners and physicians involved in pediatric care need to be familiar with the diagnosis and management of the variable clinical manifestations of hydatid disease. Taking into consideration that hepatopulmonary hydatidosis represents a special entity that requires a different therapeutic approach may positively affect its economic and social-related burden. PMID:20598122

  7. Childhood Trauma and Multiple Personality Disorder: The Case of a 9-Year-Old Girl.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LaPorta, Lauren D.

    1992-01-01

    This paper reports the case of a nine-year-old female victim of sexual abuse, evaluated and diagnosed with multiple personality disorder over a six-month period. Included is a description of the child's presentation with historical and developmental data. A discussion of the dynamic and predisposing features of the case follows, along with…

  8. Virtual Health Care Team: Near Drowning Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Weber-Hardy, Lorilie A.

    Published by the Virtual Health Care Team at the University of Missouri â?? Columbia School of Health Professions and created by Lorilie A. Weber-Hardy, the purpose of this case is to "test the knowledge and to build confidence in the advanced respiratory care practitioner's ability to critically think and perform in the care of a pediatric near-drown patient." In this case, a six-year-old boy has fallen into a freshwater lake and users are guided through the case in order to identify what equipment and procedures are needed for intubation and to raise the child's body temperature. The "Bibliography" section leads users to further online resources for more information. This case study along with all the cases available from the Virtual Health Care Team, are excellent additions to a classroom activity or assessment in order to help students prepare for health care careers.

  9. Ureteral injury due to external violence: 49 cases over 5 years

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. G. Guerriero; C. B. Harrison

    1990-01-01

    Summary A total of 49 cases of ureteral trauma secondary to external violence occurring over 5 years were reviewed with regard to etiology, diagnosis, associated injury, management, and follow-up. In all, 47 cases (95.9%) of penetrating and 2 (4.1%) of blunt trauma occurred; 45 cases (91.8%) occurred in men and 4 (8.2%), in women. Both blunt ureteral injuries were secondary

  10. NWCC Transmission Case Study Conclusions Summary

    SciTech Connect

    Steve Wiese, Terry Allison

    2000-09-01

    OAK-B135 The NWCC Transmission Case Studies Conclusions Summary In the spring of 1999, the Utility Wind Interest Group (UWIG), with the cooperation of the National Wind Coordinating Committee (NWCC), conducted a forum on transmission issues associated with the production of energy from wind. As a result of this forum, a number of issues were identified which, if successfully resolved, could help reduce barriers to the future expansion of wind power. The NWCC, being a multi-stakeholder group, was in an ideal position to conduct follow-up activities among a cross-section of the interested parties. The follow-up activities took the form of three case studies in the areas of interest identified by forum participants: (1) Transmission policy and pricing; (2) ''Virtual wheeling'' arrangements; and, (3) Transmission system improvements. The case studies provide an interesting snapshot in time dealing with a range of issues associated with scheduled or planned regulatory and restructuring proceedings related to energy transmission. The NWCC Transmission Subcommittee and the UWIG reviewed early drafts of the case studies in November 1999. The case studies were conducted through a questionnaire and interview process with interested parties. In writing each case study, NWCC staff attempted to identify all stakeholder groups with an interest in each topic and solicit their input. While all parties do not agree on every issue presented, a serious effort has been made to present all views in an unbiased fashion. At the end of each case study, relevant conclusions are drawn and recommendations for next steps are provided where appropriate.

  11. Vehicle Model Year and Crash Outcomes: A CIREN Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriel E. Ryb; Patricia C. Dischinger; Shiu Ho

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To quantify the effect of model year (MY) on the occurrence of severe injuries and death after involvement in motor vehicle crashes.Methods: Cases involving adult front seat occupants of vehicles MY ? 1994 equipped with frontal airbags were selected from the Crash Injury Research and Engineering Network (CIREN) database. Cases were grouped by MY: 1994–1997, 1998–2004, and 2005–2007 (MY

  12. Chronic autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura. A 3-year study.

    PubMed

    Fotos, P G; Graham, W L; Bowers, D C; Perfetto, S P

    1983-06-01

    Idiopathic (autoimmune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ATP) is accepted to be a disorder resulting from accelerated platelet destruction attributed to an autoimmune process. The patient whose case is presented in this article was first seen by a dentist. The oral findings have been documented as the case was followed for 3 years through acute exacerbations, pregnancy, and delivery of an infant with thrombocytopenia. The patient was managed with intermittent steroid therapy and splenectomy. PMID:6576288

  13. The Sample-Study: An Inquiry-Oriented, Case Study Approach in Geography Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Leeuw, Gary J.

    The use of the case study in geography instruction has at least a 100 year history, but sample studies are relatively new. They are widely used in some British Commonwealth countries, but none are published or used in America. Sample studies deal with small regions by presenting maps, photography, charts, graphs, accounts of interviews with…

  14. Childhood OsteomyelitisA Five-year Analysis of 118 Cases in Nigerian Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edwin O. Okoroma; Daniel C. Agbo

    1984-01-01

    During the years 1976 through 1980, 118 children with osteomyelitis were seen at our hospital, an incidence of almost 24 cases per year. Twenty-eight of these had sickle cell disease. Males were more commonly affected than females, with a ratio of 2.1 to 1, and bones of the lower extremities were more commonly involved, than those of the upper extremities

  15. A fifty-year production and economic assessment of common property-based management of marine living common resources: A case study for the women divers communities in Jeju, South Korea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jae-Young Ko; Glenn A. Jones; Moon-Soo Heo; Young-Su Kang; Sang-Hyuck Kang

    2010-01-01

    We examined the conditions of successful common property-based management for coastal marine living resources, using a case of historically and anthropologically well established women divers communities on Jeju Island, South Korea, focusing on their decentralized work rules and production records. Due to their tight social network and work rule, the women divers have harvested coastal marine living resources with limited

  16. Wildland fire management and air quality in the southern Sierra Nevada: using the Lion Fire as a case study with a multi-year perspective on PM(2.5) impacts and fire policy.

    PubMed

    Schweizer, Don; Cisneros, Ricardo

    2014-11-01

    Management of fire is an important and controversial policy issue. Active fire suppression has led to a backlog of fuels, limited the ecological benefits of fire, and reduced short-term smoke impacts likely delaying these emissions to future generations over a larger spatial extent. Smoke impacts can be expected to increase as fire size and intensity increase and the fuel backlog is consumed; whether through reintroduction of fire under desirable conditions or through stand replacing fire. Land Management Agencies would like to increase the use of naturally ignited fires to burn during favorable conditions as a way to reduce catastrophic fires. This study provides information about the levels of air quality impacts expected from these types of fires and discusses some of the policy controversies of managed fire that propagate inconsistencies between agencies and enter the public discourse. The Lion Fire, a primarily low intensity 8,370 ha fire that was extensively monitored for Particulate Matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5), is used to quantify impacts to air quality. PM2.5 monitoring sites are used to assess exposure, public health impacts, and subsequently quantify annual air quality during a year with a fire that is within the historic normal fire size and intensity for this area. Ground level PM2.5 impacts were found to be localized with 99% of the hourly Air Quality Index readings in the moderate or good category for the sites impacted by the fire. PM2.5 concentrations at sites nearest the fire were below annual federal air quality standards for PM2.5 with annual 98th percentile at the most impacted sites (Johnsondale, Kernville, and Camp Nelson) of 35.0, 34.0, and 28.0 ?g m(-3) respectively. Smoke impacts to PM2.5 concentrations were not found to reach the populated Central Valley. The findings suggest that this type of fire can be implemented with minimal public health impacts thus allowing an opportunity for air and fire managers to alter policy to allow additional burning in an area with severe anthropogenic air pollution and where frequent widespread fire is both beneficial and inevitable. The more extensive air quality impacts documented with large high intensity fire may be averted by embracing the use of fire to prevent unwanted high intensity burns. A widespread increase in the use of fire for ecological benefit may provide the resiliency needed in Sierra Nevada forests as well as be the most beneficial to public health through the reduction of single dose exposure to smoke and limiting impacts spatially. PMID:24973615

  17. Bilingualism in Paraguay: Forty Years after Rubin's Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Jinny K.

    2005-01-01

    Nearly 40 years have passed since the publication of Rubin's renowned study on Paraguayan bilingualism. The present study compares the results of surveys conducted in the years 2000-2001 with data from Rubin's 1960-1961 investigation. The main objective of this study is to examine the linguistic changes that have occurred in four decades and the…

  18. Assessing the Effects of Collaborative Professional Learning: Efficacy Shifts in a Three-Year Mathematics Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bruce, Catherine D.; Flynn, Tara

    2012-01-01

    Researchers examine the outcomes of professional collaborative inquiry in mathematics on teacher efficacy in a three-year study of teacher professional learning in Canada. The study applies a mixed methods approach involving over 200 teachers and 1000 students as well as case study sites in English and French. The collaborative inquiry-based…

  19. Leadership Coaching in an Induction Program for Novice Principals: A 3-Year Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lochmiller, Chad R.

    2014-01-01

    This article presents results from a study of leadership coaches who worked with novice principals in a university-based induction program for a 3-year period. The qualitative case study describes how the support the coaches provided to the novice principals changed over time. The study reveals that coaches adapted their leadership coaching…

  20. Predicting success in a first-year unit of study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane M Dancer; Patty Kamvounias

    In this paper, we show that success in a first year unit of study has a substantial and statistically significant gender difference. Using a sample of first year students in an Australian university, we investigate the key characteristics affecting performance in a first year introductory law unit in a non-law degree. The major interests centre on the effectiveness of the

  1. Longitudinal cerebrovascular reactivity during pregnancy: a case study.

    PubMed

    Steinback, Craig D; King, Emily C; Davenport, Margie H

    2015-06-01

    Normal cerebrovascular adaptation during pregnancy is poorly understood. We document a case study of progressively increased cerebrovascular reactivity to CO2, despite no change in resting blood flow, from prepregnancy to late gestation in a 36-year-old normotensive participant. Increased cerebral reactivity was related to progressive chronic respiratory alkalosis and specifically elevated pH and reduced HCO3(-). These novel data serve as important indicators of normative maternal cerebral adaptation and highlight novel areas of future study. PMID:25923578

  2. Those Old Kentucky Blues An Interrupted Case Study

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Celeste A. Leander

    2008-01-01

    This interrupted case study begins with the construction of a pedigree following an initial encounter with a clan of “blue people.” After constructing a pedigree, students decide whether the condition (methemoglobinemia) is a heritable trait. Students are then exposed to a different perspective of this condition and have to re-evaluate the inheritance pattern. This case study was written for a first year honors course in general biology. It could be modified for most general science majors’ biology, genetics, biochemistry, and cell biology courses.

  3. CASE STUDY: DIELDRIN ATTACK IN DALYAN LAGOON

    EPA Science Inventory

    During the first two weeks of December 2005, NATO sponsored an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) in Istanbul, Turkey. Part of this ASI involved a case study of a terrorist attack, where a chemical was assumed to be dumped into Sulunger Lake in Turkey. This chapter documents the re...

  4. Undergraduate Research Program Assessment Case Study

    E-print Network

    Taber, Douglass

    : What could we learn from these studies that would benefit our own future student and faculty program assistant Program Facility: Student reading & computing room/presentation practice space Conference roomUndergraduate Research Program 1 Assessment Case Study: University of Delaware's Undergraduate

  5. Educational supply chain management: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonio K. W. Lau

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to implement the philosophy of supply chain management in the current higher education environment so as to suggest innovative management ideas in higher education management. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper conducted an in-depth case study approach in a university. This study follows Yin's approach to interview the personnel of a supply chain department

  6. The Library Settlement Partnership: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan L. MacDonald

    2010-01-01

    This in-progress doctoral dissertation research is a qualitative exploratory case study of the Library Settlement Partnerships, a federal government program that consists of partnerships among service providing organizations and public libraries in Ontario. The study explores the ways that service provision in cross-sectoral collaborations is being negotiated among the various stakeholders. Résumé : Cette étude doctorale en cours repose sur

  7. A Multiple Case Study of Innovation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zheng, Wei; Khoury, Anne E.

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to explore how leadership and contextual factors influence innovation in R&D teams in national laboratories, using the approach of multiple case studies. This paper provides some preliminary findings from two highly innovative teams residing in two national laboratories in the US. The preliminary results suggested several common…

  8. Selforganizing Systems Case Study: peertopeer systems ?

    E-print Network

    Roy, Matthieu

    variants as self­configuration, self­healing or reconfiguration was studied in [19] or [18]. The former work proposes the concepts of self­healing and self­configuration in wireless networks, whileSelf­organizing Systems Case Study: peer­to­peer systems ? Emmanuelle Anceaume, Maria Gradinariu

  9. Trends in patterns of dengue transmission over four years of a pediatric cohort study in Nicaragua

    PubMed Central

    Balmaseda, Angel; Standish, Katherine; Mercado, Juan Carlos; Matute, Juan Carlos; Tellez, Yolanda; Saborío, Saira; Hammond, Samantha N.; Nuńez, Andrea; Avilés, William; Henn, Matthew R.; Holmes, Edward C.; Gordon, Aubree; Coloma, Josefina; Kuan, Guillermina; Harris, Eva

    2013-01-01

    Background Dengue is the most prevalent mosquito-borne viral disease in humans and a major urban public health problem worldwide. Methods A prospective cohort study of ~3,800 children initially aged 2-9 years old was established in Managua, Nicaragua, in 2004 to study the natural history of dengue transmission in an urban pediatric population. Blood samples from healthy subjects were collected annually prior to the dengue season, and identification of dengue cases occurred via enhanced passive surveillance at the study health center. Results Over the first four years of the study, seroprevalence of anti-dengue virus (DENV) antibodies increased from 22-40% in the 2-year-old cohort and 90-95% in the 9-year-old cohort. The incidence of symptomatic dengue cases and the ratio of inapparent to symptomatic DENV infection varied substantially year-to-year. The switch in dominant transmission from DENV-1 to DENV-2 was accompanied by an increase in disease severity but, paradoxically, a decrease in transmission. Phylogeographic analysis of full-length DENV-2 sequences revealed strong geographic clustering of dengue cases. Conclusions This large-scale cohort study of dengue in the Americas demonstrates year-to-year variation of dengue within a pediatric population, revealing expected patterns in transmission while highlighting the impact of interventions, climate, and viral evolution. PMID:19929380

  10. Spectrum of fungal keratitis: clinicopathologic study of 44 cases

    PubMed Central

    Punia, Rajpal Singh; Kundu, Reetu; Chander, Jagdish; Arya, Sudesh Kumar; Handa, Uma; Mohan, Harsh

    2014-01-01

    AIM To determine the causative agents of fungal keratitis and study the predisposing factors over a period of ten years in a single tertiary care hospital. METHODS A retrospective analysis of fungal corneal ulcers was done from 2003-2012. Patients' clinical data were noted from the file records. Correlation of histopathological diagnosis was done with the report on fungal culture. RESULTS Mycotic keratitis was established in 44 cases by a positive fungal culture. Direct microscopic examination of potassium hydroxide (KOH) mounts revealed fungal elements in 39 cases while 40 cases showed fungus on Gram stained smears. Males (54.55%) were more commonly affected than the females (45.45%). The age ranged from 18 to 82 years. Most common age group to be involved was 41-60 years. Predisposing risk factors were seen in 34 (77.27%) cases. Most common findings on clinical examination were anterior chamber reaction and conjunctival injection seen in all the cases. Other common findings were stromal infiltration and hypopyon seen in 20 (45.45%) and 18 (40.91%) cases respectively. On histopathological examination the fungus was typed, as aspergillus in 34 cases while no definite typing was possible in 10 cases. The predominant isolate was aspergillus flavus (59.09%) followed by fusarium (15.91%). Mixed fungal and bacterial infection was seen in 3 (6.82%) cases. CONCLUSION Although culture is the gold standard for definitive diagnosis of fungal keratitis, direct microscopic examination of corneal scrapings or histomorphological evaluation of biopsies allow a rapid preliminary diagnosis. Early administration of antifungal treatment helps in preventing dreadful complications. PMID:24634875

  11. Pharyngoesophageal perforation 3 years after anterior cervical spine surgery: a rare case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Yin, Dan-Hui; Yang, Xin-Ming; Huang, Qi; Yang, Mi; Tang, Qin-Lai; Wang, Shu-Hui; Wang, Shuang; Liu, Jia-Jia; Yang, Tao; Li, Shi-Sheng

    2015-08-01

    Pharyngoesophageal perforation after anterior cervical spine surgery is rare and the delayed cases were more rarely reported but potentially life-threatening. We report a case of pharyngoesophageal perforation 3 years after anterior cervical spine surgery. The patient presented with dysphagia, fever, left cervical mass and developing dyspnea 3 years after cervical spine surgery for trauma. After careful examinations, he underwent an emergency tracheostomy, neck exploration, hardware removal, abscess drainage and infected tissue debridement. 14 days after surgery, CT of the neck with oral contrast demonstrated no contrast extravasation from the esophagus. Upon review of literature, only 14 cases of pharyngoesophageal perforation more than 1 year after anterior cervical spine surgery were found. We discussed possible etiology, diagnosis and management and concluded that in cases of dysphagia, dyspnea, cervical pain, swelling and edema of the cervical area even long time after anterior cervical spine surgery, potential pharyngoesophageal damage should be considered. PMID:25559465

  12. Rapid improvement in visual loss with cabergoline treatment in a giant prolactinoma case: 5 years survey.

    PubMed

    Tasan, Ertugrul; Hanimoglu, Hakan; Turgut, Seda; Ilhan, Mahmut Muzaffer; Evran, Sevket; Kaynar, Mehmet Yasar

    2015-01-01

    Giant prolactinoma is a rare subset of macroadenomas. Limited studies demonstrated which therapy could be successfully used in the first-line therapy of giant prolactinoma. We presented a case with a 54 × 40 × 40 mm pituitary adenoma and optic chiasmatic compression with left sphenoid sinus invasion. The tumor caused a loss of visual field of the right side. Cabergoline treatment was started with dose of 1.5 mg/week. Fifteen days later, the clinical visual acuity examination showed a significant improvement in the patient with visual field defect. After the five years follow-up magnetic resonance imagining showed reduction of the adenoma size (17 × 12 mm) was significant. Our findings suggest that, cabergoline can be used as a first-line therapy in giant prolactinomas because tumoral shrinkage without a surgical procedure and rapid improvement in visual field defect is achieved with this medical treatment. PMID:25789596

  13. Torpedo maculopathy with an anisometropic amblyopia in a 5-year-old Caucasian girl: case report.

    PubMed

    Dutra-Medeiros, Marco; Leităo, Paula; Magriço, Ana; Toscano, Alcina

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to report a clinical case of asymptomatic female Caucasian children with torpedo maculopathy. A 5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic for routine evaluation. The ophthalmic examination revealed best-corrected visual acuity of 20/20 in both eyes, without any changes in the biomicroscopy. Fundus examination showed normal findings in one eye, whereas in the contralateral eye it disclosed, in the temporal sector of the macular region, a whitish, atrophic, oval chorioretinal lesion with clearly defined margins. Posterior evaluations documented the stability of the lesion. Torpedo maculopathy diagnosis is based on its characteristic shape and peculiar location. The differential diagnosis has to be established versus choroidal lesions (melanoma and nevus), congenital or iatrogenic hyperplasia of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and particularly versus the congenital pigmented lesions associated with Gardner's syndrome. PMID:24061841

  14. Contribution of stable isotopes (C,N,S) in collagen of late Pleistocene large mammal trophic ecology and landscape use: a case study in Goyet and Scladina cave (30-40,000 years BP)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hervé Bocherens; Mietje Germonpré

    2010-01-01

    Two Belgian caves yielded very rich large mammal associations dating around 30 to 40,000 years ago: Goyet and Scladina cave (layer 1A). These sites are only 5 km apart but the cave entrances open on different valleys, in a quite diverse landscape ranging between open, unprotected uplands, steep cliffs and sheltered sun-exposed gorges, with the larger Meuse valley nearby. This

  15. Michael's Story A Case Study in Autism

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kristen N. Hausmann

    2011-01-01

    This interdisciplinary case study is designed to interest general biology students as well as students of psychology and health studies. The study introduces us to the Greens, a family with a recently diagnosed autistic child. Students engage in a variety of activities to learn about the possible causative explanation for autism, its diagnosis, and treatment. A final activity is an optional writing exercise exploring the idea that there is intrinsic value in all persons' experiences, including those who are "different."

  16. The Science Manager's Guide to Case Studies

    SciTech Connect

    Branch, Kristi M.; Peffers, Melissa S.; Ruegg, Rosalie T.; Vallario, Robert W.

    2001-09-24

    This guide takes the science manager through the steps of planning, implementing, validating, communicating, and using case studies. It outlines the major methods of analysis, describing their relative merits and applicability while providing relevant examples and sources of additional information. Well-designed case studies can provide a combination of rich qualitative and quantitative information, offering valuable insights into the nature, outputs, and longer-term impacts of the research. An objective, systematic, and credible approach to the evaluation of U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science programs adds value to the research process and is the subject of this guide.

  17. UTEP Computer Science Suggested 4 Year Plan of Study

    E-print Network

    Ward, Karen

    _precalc_090707_2007781.xls 14 17 Second Year Fall Hours Spring Hours Summer Hours Calculus II 3 Data Structures 3Study-Suggested4Yr_2008-120_hr_precalc_090707_2007781.xls #12;UTEP Computer Science Suggested 4 Year Plan of Study_2007781.xls 16 14 Fourth Year Fall Hours Spring Hours Summer Hours Software Eng. I 3 Software Eng. II 3 Design

  18. Case?control study of dietary etiological factors: The Melbourne colorectal cancer study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan Kune; Gabriel A. Kune; Lyndsey F. Watson

    1987-01-01

    As part of a large?scale investigation of colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence, etiology, and survival, a case?control study was conducted to identify dietary factors associated with the risk of CRC. The study compared 715 cases with 727 age? and sex?matched community controls. A quantitative diet history, assessed to be the most representative of the previous 20 years, was obtained from each

  19. Case Studies, Make-Your-Case Studies, and Case Stories: A Critique of Case-Study Methodology in Sustainability in Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Peter Blaze; Walker, Kim E.; Wals, Arjen E.J.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we raise serious concerns about existing case-study research on sustainability in higher education. Our key concern is that the research does not live up to its potential for improving the field of sustainability in higher education. We have argued that case-study research in the field falls short of its promise due to a lack of…

  20. Unpredictable Evolution in a 30-Year Study of Darwin's

    E-print Network

    Janzen, Fredric

    Unpredictable Evolution in a 30-Year Study of Darwin's Finches Peter R. Grant and B. Rosemary Grant the results of a 30-year study of evolution of size and shape traits in two populations of Darwin's finches Evolution can be predicted in the short term from a knowledge of selection and inheritance. However

  1. [Accidental caustic ingestion in Tunisian child. Study of 330 cases].

    PubMed

    Chemli, Jalel; Bouguila, Jihen; Harbi, Abdelaziz; Essoussi, Ahmed Sahloul; Himida, Ridha Bel; Bouzouita, Hichem

    2004-05-01

    We studied retrospectively 330 cases of caustic product ingestion at the child collected in the pediatric department of Sousse (CHU Sahloul and CHU Farhat Hached) during eight years (1993-2000). It is about 194 boys and 136 girls (sex-ratio to 1.42/1) aged of 4 months at 14 years (middle age at 3 years and 5 months). Concerned products are dominated by the water of bleach (55.7%) dilute essentially (49%), caustic soda (27.9%), diluent of painting (8.5%), potash (2.7%) and the acidic products (2.2%). Endoscopy showed oeso-gastric lesions in 89% of cases: oesophagitis stage I (73.5%), stage IIa (11%), stage IIb (4%), stage III (11.2%) and an inflammatory sténose case of straightaway. The associated gastric lesions have been found in 15.1% of the cases. The recovery was the rule for all patient presenting a benign oesophagitis. The 46 cases of severe oesophogitis have been treated according two protocols: --A group (n=1 ), treated by parenteral food with treatment by antibiotics (1993-1994). --B group (n=35), treated by high dose of corticosteroids (Méthyl-prednisolone) aiming to warn esophageal sténosis (1995-2000). Three patients of the A group and five of the B group developed stenosis with statistically meaningful difference (p=0.44). Among these eight patients, six required oesophagoplasty and two had a good evolution after esophageal dilation. PMID:15453042

  2. The incidence of Wernicke's encephalopathy in Australia--a neuropathological study of 131 cases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Harper

    1983-01-01

    In a nine year necropsy study in Western Australia, the incidence of Wernicke's encephalopathy was 2.8%. The incidence appears to be increasing. Although Wernicke's encephalopathy is a nutritional disorder, the majority of cases occur in the alcoholic population. Only 20% of the 131 cases studied had been diagnosed clinically as Wernicke's encephalopathy. This large discrepancy between numbers of cases diagnosed

  3. Transient Hypothyroidism at 3-Year Follow-Up among Cases of Congenital Hypothyroidism Detected by Newborn Screening

    PubMed Central

    Korzeniewski, Steven J.; Grigorescu, Violanda; Kleyn, Mary; Young, William I.; Birbeck, Gretchen; Todem, David; Romero, Roberto; Paneth, Nigel

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the rate of transient thyroid deficiency and treatment compliance among cases with congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed and followed-up after age 3 years by newborn screening (NBS). Study design Cases detected by Michigan NBS between October 1, 2003, and December 31, 2007, and followed-up after age 3 years were included. The X2 and Fisher exact tests were used to test differences among followed and lost cases. Logistic regression models were used to investigate predictors of treatment cessation. Results Roughly 45% of eligible cases were lost to follow-up, and disease state (transient or permanent congenital hypothyroidism) could not be determined for 12 cases (7.9%). Of the 72 followed cases, 34 (47%) were considered permanent congenital hypothyroidism based on thyroid imaging findings (n = 7) or an increase in medication dosage over time (n = 27). One-quarter of followed cases with congenital hypothyroidism were no longer being treated, and of these, just over 83% stopped treatment without medical supervision. Of 23 cases that underwent a medically supervised trial without thyroid hormone medication, treatment was reinstated in 20. Laboratory confirmation of euthyroidism was available for 6 of 18 cases clinically deemed transient. After adjustment, black race was the strongest predictor of treatment cessation (OR, 9.86; 95% CI, 1.82–53.31). Treatment cessation was also more common among low birth weight infants and those admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit at birth. Conclusion We recommend that NBS programs include long-term follow-up through at least age 3 years to determine treatment compliance and disease permanence. Further research is needed to determine ideal follow-up program operations and reassessment methods for congenital hypothyroidism disease permanence. Guidelines that provide evidence-based reassessment methods would be beneficial for the healthcare providers of children with congenital hypothyroidism. PMID:22878110

  4. Pathology Case Study: Left Internal Carotid Artery Thrombosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bontempo, Franklin

    This â??Transfusion Medicineâ?ť case study provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This particular case involves the diagnosis of a 36-year-old male admitted to the hospitalâ??s emergency room â??in an altered state of consciousness.â?ť Laboratory results including drug/alcohol screens, an MRI, CT scan and EEG were used to diagnose the patient in this case. The official diagnosis of this patient is provided in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section, and is accompanied by a discussion of the case and a short list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  5. Pathology Case Study: Anemia, Thrombocytopenia and Renal Insufficiency

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Najjar, Hazim

    This clinical immunology case study provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. This particular case involves the diagnosis of a 68-year-old female admitted due to â??worsening anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal insufficiency.â?ť Additional information on the patientâ??s history as well as laboratory results including urine protein electrophoresis, blood tests, and a biopsy were used to diagnose the patient in this case. The official diagnosis of this patient is provided in the â??Final Diagnosisâ?ť section, and is accompanied by a discussion of the case and a short list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of clinical immunology.

  6. The Case Study: Using a Case-Study Article to Effectively Introduce Mitosis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Doug Van Hoewyk

    2007-05-01

    Community college students in a nonmajors biology class are introduced to mitosis by reading a case-study article that allows them to gauge how many times various parts of their bodies have been regenerated. The case-study article allows students to develop a conceptual framework of the cell cycle prior to a lecture on mitosis.

  7. Introduction Case Study (1) Case Study (2) Conclusion USE: UML-based Specification Environment

    E-print Network

    Gogolla, Martin - Fachbereich 3

    Introduction Case Study (1) Case Study (2) Conclusion USE: UML-based Specification Environment Environment for Validating UML and OCL Mirco Kuhlmann Database Systems Group Department for Mathematics and Computer Science Bremen University July 10, 2007 Mirco Kuhlmann USE: UML-based Specification Environment

  8. [Pseudomonas stutzeri osteitis: A case study].

    PubMed

    Elouennass, M; Frikh, M; Raissouni, Z; Bajjou, T; Ouaaline, M

    2006-10-01

    We report a case of osteitis in a 46-year-old patient, caused by Pseudomonas stutzeri following an open fracture of the left femur. The patient was treated with 1g ceftazidime every 8 hours for two weeks combined with 160 mg/day of amikacin for 10 days. A second-line ofloxacin oral treatment at 400 mg/day was then given during 4 weeks. Surgical treatment consisted in debridement of the fracture region. Sterilization of the fracture region led to an osteosynthesis by blade plate and bone graft. The result was favorable. PMID:17010550

  9. Training for Integrated Manufacturing: Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayton, Geoff; Loveder, Philip

    This report gives an overview of the primary issues identified through case studies on exemplary training programs for integrated manufacturing. Following an introduction, Chapter 2 outlines the key elements of integrated manufacturing. Chapter 3 describes the context of integrated manufacturing with reference to Australian and worldwide trends: a…

  10. Discovering Identity Problems: A Case Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Gang Wang; Homa Atabakhsh; Tim Petersen; Hsinchun Chen

    2005-01-01

    Identity resolution is central to fighting against crime and terrorist activities in various ways. Current information systems and technologies deployed in law enforcement agencies are neither adequate nor effective for identity resolution. In this research we conducted a case study in a local police department on problems that produce difficulties in retrieving identity information. We found that more than half

  11. Physics Courses--Some Suggested Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swetman, T. P.

    1972-01-01

    To communicate the relevance and excitement of science activity to students, the use of more imaginative, and even openly speculative, case studies in physics courses is suggested. Some useful examples are Magnetic Monopoles, Constants, Black Holes, Antimatter, Zero Mass Particles, Tachyons, and the Bootstrap Hypothesis. (DF)

  12. Computer Based Forensics -A Case Study -

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Computer Based Forensics - A Case Study - U.S Support To The U.N. Capt Kevin J. Ziese AF&D Directions s Generate Potential COTS Opportunities s Improve Overall Forensics Process #12;Computer Forensics, CHEMICAL, AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES #12;Valid Tools & Techniques TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES THAT CAN BE APPLIED

  13. 23 Case Study 1: Function Approximation

    E-print Network

    Hagan, Martin

    , which uses the voltages coming from two solar cells to produce an estimate of the location of an object for this case study. An ob- ject is suspended between a light source and two solar cells. The object casts a shadow on the solar cells, which causes the voltage out of the solar cells to decrease. Figure 23

  14. Making Mentoring Stick: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karallis, Takis; Sandelands, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to provide a case study of the mentoring process within Kentz Engineers & Constructors. Design/methodology/approach: The paper reflects the experiences of those leading the mentoring process within Kentz with insights extracted from a process of action, reflection and live experimentation. Findings: The paper concludes…

  15. Grade One: Math Computation. Case Study #1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Sarah R.; Seethaler, Pamela M.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to highlight the integral role that progress monitoring (PM) plays throughout any Response to Intervention (RTI) process. This example uses a three-level, responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI) method for identifying students with learning difficulties. Using a fictional first-grade classroom as the setting for…

  16. GUIDE and CASE STUDIES FOR THE DVD

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    GUIDE and CASE STUDIES FOR THE DVD "IN THE LAB: MENTORS AND STUDENTS BEHIND THE SCENES" Edited by S TO THE DVD "IN THE LAB" GOALS AND IDEAS The goal of this small book and accompanying DVD is to help you is involved in making progress in the laboratory. In this book and DVD, we look at personal relationships

  17. Phonological Precedence in Dyslexia: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider-Zioga, Patricia

    2012-01-01

    Developmental dyslexia is believed to involve a phonological deficit of which the exact properties have not been clearly established. This article presents the findings of a longitudinal case study that suggest that, at least for some people with dyslexia, the fundamental problem involves a disturbance of temporal-spatial ordering abilities. A…

  18. Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives

    E-print Network

    Auerbach, Scott M.

    Oil To Biofuels Case Study Objectives - Critically evaluate the nature of certain societal", and the consequences of various sources. - How could this diagram be modified through the use of biofuels? Research. - What are biomass and biofuels? How are they used, what are their benefits and negative consequences

  19. Three Case Studies in Green Cleaning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Education Standard, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This article presents case studies from three districts implementing green cleaning. In 2008, Missouri passed legislation requiring state education officials to convene a committee of stakeholders with the purpose of developing green cleaning guidelines and specifications for schools. The guide, published by the Department of Elementary and…

  20. MASS overshoots: a case study A. Tokovinin

    E-print Network

    Tokovinin, Andrei A.

    MASS overshoots: a case study A. Tokovinin Version 2. Oct. 1, 2004 (sep26.tex) 1 The problem in 2002 when Multi-Aperture Scintillation Sensor (MASS) became operational. MASS measures turbulence seeing) in the whole atmosphere. The "DIMM seeing" must always be less or equal to the "MASS seeing

  1. The Interim Superintendent: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bigham, Gary; Nix, Susan J.

    2011-01-01

    Considering the vitally important role that the superintendent plays in the overall functioning and wellbeing of any school district, the filling of that position should never be done in haste. Due to the importance of this process and the time it requires, school districts often employ an interim superintendent. In this single case study, one…

  2. Study of Fatal Cases of Friedreich's Ataxia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard L. Hewer

    1968-01-01

    A study of 82 fatal cases of Friedreich's ataxia showed that over half the patients died of heart failure while nearly three-quarters had evidence of cardiac dysfunction during life. A high incidence of diabetes mellitus (23%) was another finding, and four patients developed diabetic ketosis terminally.

  3. CASE STUDIES COLLEGIATE LICENSING CS-3

    E-print Network

    CASE STUDIES #12;#12;COLLEGIATE LICENSING CS-3 COLLEGIATE LICENSING Intellectual property accounts helping colleges and universities maximize revenue through licensing deals. Given and colleges should naturally be attuned to the potential that exists in these activities related to intellec

  4. The Case Study: Avogadro Goes to Court

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Frank J. Dinan

    1999-11-01

    The case study that follows was inspired by a novel assignment that Pace University Professor Carroll Zahn gave to his introductory computer class. The result of this assignment was certainly far different than anything that either the professor or his cl

  5. Smart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann

    E-print Network

    Smart Energy Case Study Christof Baumann ETH Zurich, Switzerland christof@boumann.ch Stephan Holzer and Subject Descriptors H.4 [Information Systems Applications:]: Process con- trol systems General Terms Smart energy-aware devices and appliances, Demand- response technologies for smart-meter/smart-grid integration

  6. Cooperative Training in Telecommunications: Case Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilton, Margaret; Straw, Ronnie

    1987-01-01

    The authors present two case studies of collaborative efforts between the American Telephone and Telegraph Company and the Communications Workers of America to provide inservice training that enhances productivity, competitiveness, and individual career development. The effort was facilitated by the quality-of-worklife process. (CH)

  7. Case Study: Not an Old Person's Disease

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Anne Galbraith

    2002-12-01

    This article describes a case study done in sections. Students first read a scenario and then write down and discuss answers to questions provided by the professor. After discussion, they continue reading, learn a little more about the scenario, and then

  8. Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Economics

    E-print Network

    Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Economics Utilizing an LID approach that featured porous asphalt and a gravel wetland, a cost-competitive drainage system was designed for a large retail development. Greenland in Greenland, N.H. The development is located on a 56-acre parcel and includes three, one-story retail

  9. Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Water Quality

    E-print Network

    Greenland Meadows LID Case Study: Water Quality Greenland Meadows is a retail shopping center built in 2008 by Newton, Mass.- based New England Development in Greenland, N.H. The development is located Development and Community Decisions can be found at http://www.unh.edu/unhsc/ftl/ Greenland Meadows features

  10. Aerospace Mechanisms and Tribology Technology: Case Studies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Miyoshi, Kazuhisa

    1999-01-01

    This chapter focuses attention on tribology technology practice related to vacuum tribology and space tribology. Two case studies describe aspects of real problems in sufficient detail for the engineer and the scientist to understand the tribological situations and the failures. The nature of the problems is analyzed and the range of potential solutions is evaluated. Courses of action are recommended.

  11. Biometrics in banking security: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sitalakshmi Venkatraman; Indika Delpachitra

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – To identify and discuss the issues and success factors surrounding biometrics, especially in the context of user authentication and controls in the banking sector, using a case study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The literature survey and analysis of the security models of the present information systems and biometric technologies in the banking sector provide the theoretical and practical background for

  12. Williams 'elfin facies' Syndrome: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Stanley L.

    A review of the research literature related to Williams 'elfin facies' Syndrome (a condition including mental retardation and cardiac anomalies), a case study, and the results of an early intervention program, are reported. The medical aspects of the syndrome have been reported with sufficient consistency for a profile to emerge. Psychological…

  13. New Case Studies of Citizen Action

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanner, Thomas

    1977-01-01

    Describes a six-unit case study curriculum package designed for secondary and college-level courses relating to environmental education. The units deal with nuclear power, stream channelization, a river dam project, overgrazing of public lands, agribusiness versus the family farm, and swamp preservation. (Author/DB)

  14. Delivering Online Examinations: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howarth, Jason; Messing, John; Altas, Irfan

    2004-01-01

    This paper represents a brief case study of delivering online examinations to a worldwide audience. These examinations are delivered in partnership with a commercial online testing company as part of the Industry Master's degree at Charles Sturt University (CSU). The Industry Master's degree is an academic program for students currently employed…

  15. Acoustical case studies of three green buildings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siebein, Gary; Lilkendey, Robert; Skorski, Stephen

    2005-04-01

    Case studies of 3 green buildings with LEED certifications that required extensive acoustical retrofit work to become satisfactory work environments for their intended user groups will be used to define areas where green building design concepts and acoustical design concepts require reconciliation. Case study 1 is an office and conference center for a city environmental education agency. Large open spaces intended to collect daylight through clerestory windows provided large, reverberant volumes with few acoustic finishes that rendered them unsuitable as open office space and a conference room/auditorium. Case Study 2 describes one of the first gold LEED buildings in the southeast whose primary design concepts were so narrowly focused on thermal and lighting issues that they often worked directly against basic acoustical requirements resulting in sound levels of NC 50-55 in classrooms and faculty offices, crosstalk between classrooms and poor room acoustics. Case study 3 is an environmental education and conference center with open public areas, very high ceilings, and all reflective surfaces made from wood and other environmentally friendly materials that result in excessive loudness when the building is used by the numbers of people which it was intended to serve.

  16. Firefighter Workplace Learning: An Exploratory Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tracey, Edward A.

    2014-01-01

    Despite there being a significant amount of research investigating workplace learning, research exploring firefighter workplace learning is almost nonexistent. The purpose of this qualitative multi-case study was to explore how firefighters conceptualize, report, and practice workplace learning. The researcher also investigated how firefighters…

  17. Value for Money Case Studies. Mendip Papers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kedney, Bob, Ed.

    In response to a shift from the management of curriculum to the management of scarce resources to deliver a changing curriculum, this paper brings together three "value for money" case studies in college administration. The papers identify three levels of activity, ranging from the one-time opportunity for good housekeeping through tactical…

  18. Semantically Redundant Language--A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rizza, Chris

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I discuss the concept of semantically redundant language through a case study of the Te Rauparaha Maori haka. I suggest that current linguistic theories cannot give a full account of ritualized speech events, of which the haka is an example, as these theories are based on a traditional dyadic model of interaction involving a…

  19. Physical Science Connected Classrooms: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving, Karen; Sanalan, Vehbi; Shirley, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    Case-study descriptions of secondary and middle school classrooms in diverse contexts provide examples of how teachers implement connected classroom technology to facilitate formative assessment in science instruction. Connected classroom technology refers to a networked system of handheld devices designed for classroom use. Teachers were…

  20. Information security curriculum creation: a case study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bradley Bogolea; Kay Wijekumar

    2004-01-01

    Information Security is a critical part of the technology infrastructure. A survey of undergraduate degree programs in Computer Science, Information Technology, Management Information Science, and others show a lack of emphasis on security issues in their curriculum. The purpose of this paper is to present a case study on our approach to creating an undergraduate curriculum that will enhance existing