Sample records for year-old male patient

  1. A 22-year-old male patient with ascites.

    PubMed

    Saraiva, Nadine; Filipe, Carlos; Simăo, Adélia; Carvalho, Armando

    2015-01-01

    A 22-year-old male patient presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. He reported abdominal distention of a couple of weeks' duration. He had been hospitalised 7?months earlier, owing to the same symptoms, however, the cause was never clarified. Initial examination showed abdominal distention and blood tests indicated eosinophilia. An abdominal CT scan showed mild ascites and a diffuse thickening of the small intestinal loops, and a cystic formation 3?cm in diameter on the liver. The differential diagnosis included parasite infection and eosinophilic gastroenteritis. Liver MRI revealed a simple biliary cyst. Microbiological tests, stool and blood cultures as well as stool examination for parasites were negative. The diagnostic paracentesis revealed eosinophilic ascites. An endoscopy was performed and histopathology revealed presence of moderate to marked lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate containing eosinophils, compatible with eosinophilic gastroenteritis. The patient responded well to the initiation of corticosteroids. PMID:26055595

  2. Peroral Endoscopic Myotomy for the Treatment of Achalasia in a 10-Year-Old Male Patient

    PubMed Central

    Filser, Jörg; Dick, Anke; Meyer, Thomas; Germer, Christoph-Thomas; von Rahden, Burkard H.A.

    2014-01-01

    Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a new endoscopic treatment for achalasia with very good short-term results in adults. Data about POEM in pediatric patients are missing. We present the case of a 10-year-old male patient with type I (classic) achalasia, successfully treated with POEM. The procedure was accomplished in a similar fashion to the technique used in adults. Short-term results were fine, with a complete control of dysphagia and absence of reflux. We suggest that POEM is a suitable option in pediatric patients—similar to adults—but long-term results must be awaited. PMID:26171309

  3. 9.1 cm abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 69-year-old male patient.

    PubMed

    Saade, Celine; Pandya, Bhavi; Raza, Muhammad; Meghani, Mustafain; Asti, Deepak; Ghavami, Foad

    2015-03-26

    We are presenting a case of one of the largest un-ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm ever reported. Presented here is a rare case of a 69-year-old active smoker male with history of hypertension and incidental diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm of 6.2 cm in 2003, who refused surgical intervention at the time of diagnosis with continued smoking habit and was managed medically. Patient was subsequently admitted in 2012 to the hospital due to unresponsiveness secondary to hypoglycemia along with diagnosis of massive symptomatic pulmonary embolism and non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. With the further inpatient workup along with known history of abdominal aortic aneurysm, subsequent computed tomography scan of abdomen pelvis revealed increased in size of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm to 9.1 cm of without any signs of rupture. Patient was unable to undergo any surgical intervention this time because of his medical instability and was eventually passed away under hospice care. PMID:25810816

  4. Male Patients Above Age 60 have as Good Outcomes as Male Patients 50–59 Years Old at 1Year Follow-up After Bariatric Surgery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Wool; Nina Bellatorre; Sherry Wren; Dan Eisenberg

    2009-01-01

    Background  It is estimated that 25% of Americans older than 60 years are obese. Male gender and advanced age are indicators of increased\\u000a risk for bariatric surgery. Good results have been shown in patients older than 50, but nearly all published studies include\\u000a a large majority of females, and few include patients >60 years old. In this study, we examined the results of

  5. Primary Antiphospholipid Syndrome Associated with Pneumonia: A Case Report of a 16-Year-Old Male Patient

    PubMed Central

    Yilmaz, Süreyya; Topcu, Fusun; Selimoglu Sen, Hadice; Yildirim, Yasar; Yilmaz, Zülfükar; Kara, Ali Veysel; Akgul Ozmen, Cihan

    2015-01-01

    Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterised by arterial and/or venous thrombosis and/or recurrent pregnancy loss in the presence of antiphospholipid (APL) antibodies. It is evaluated as APS when it develops associated with other systemic autoimmune diseases or primary APS if there is no concomitant disorder. In this study, we present a case of a 16-year-old male patient with primary APS. The patient was admitted with presumptive diagnosis of pneumonia, but multiple pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) was observed on computerized tomography (CT) pulmonary angiography. APL antibodies positivity and thrombocytopenia developed in our patient. The patient was evaluated as primary APS since another etiology that could explain PTE was not found. Primary APS is a rare disease in children along with adolescents, compared with APS associated with other systemic autoimmune diseases. We present here a young male patient with primary APS and PTE to contribute to the literature. The patient initially had pneumonia but later developed PTE and thrombocytopenia. PMID:25874150

  6. Case 1/2013: 69-year-old male patient with sudden back and lower right limb pain and shock.

    PubMed

    Espirito Santo, Carlos Vinícius Abreu do; Franco, Rafael Alves; Benvenuti, Luiz Alberto

    2013-02-01

    The patient, MSM, a 69-year-old man, sought medical care due to left dorsal and right lower limb pain. The chest x-ray showed mediastinal enlargement. He was undergoing examination when he lost consciousness and went into shock. Subcutaneous emphysema was observed in the left hemithorax, as well as abolition of breath sounds at auscultation. Tracheal intubation was performed with draining of blood-tinged fluid from the left hemithorax. Echocardiography showed left ventricle with 44/29 mm; septum, 12 mm; posterior wall, 13 mm; mild aortic root dilation, dissection of the lamina and periaortic hematoma. The valves and pericardium were normal. The patient was transferred to Instituto do Coraçao - InCor. Physical examination (21 Oct 2004: 10:45) showed that the patient was sedated with tracheal intubation, pale, heart rate at 90 bpm, blood pressure 130 x 80 mmHg, bloody drainage in the chest tube. Electrocardiogram - frequency 90 bpm, sinus rhythm, low voltage in the frontal plane and decreased voltage in left leads (Fig. 1). Computed tomography showed bilateral subcutaneous emphysema, thoracic aorta with inaccurate borders in its descending portion (from the subclavian artery to the middle portion), collapsed left lung and extensive collection of hematic characteristics in same hemithorax and middle and posterior mediastinum. Small right pneumothorax; small right pleural effusion with underlying parenchymal alterations. The analysis of the heart was impaired by the presence of hemothorax. While undergoing computed tomography, the patient showed no pulse, mydriasis, with asystole unresponsive to resuscitation and died (21 Oct 2011; 15:00 h). PMID:23503833

  7. Mumps virus encephalomyelitis in a 19-year old male patient with an undefined severe combined immunodeficiency post-haematopoietic bone marrow transplantation: a rare fatal complication.

    PubMed

    Eyre, Toby A; Pelosi, Emanuela; McQuaid, Stephen; Richardson, Deborah; Newman, Joan; Hill, Kate; Veys, Paul; Davies, Graham; Orchard, Kim H

    2013-06-01

    We describe a rare case of fatal mumps encephalomyelitis occurring in 19-year old male following matched unrelated donor peripheral blood haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The indication for HSCT was for an undefined form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). Molecular typing of the mumps viral RNA isolated from neural tissue indicated that the infection was acquired at the time of a mumps outbreak in England and Wales that occurred between 2004 and 2006. This case highlights the importance of considering mumps in the differential diagnosis of central nervous system infection in highly immunosuppressed patients. PMID:23485346

  8. Rubelia Myocarditis in a 9-year-old Patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tony Kriseman

    1984-01-01

    A 9-year-old male with myocarditis is described. A greater than four-fold rise in titers against rubella with a subsequent fall supports the conclusion that his myocarditis was associated with rubella infection. Other than neonates, rubella myocarditis has been reported previously in only six patients, one of whom was a child.

  9. Rubella myocarditis in a 9-year-old patient.

    PubMed

    Kriseman, T

    1984-04-01

    A 9-year-old male with myocarditis is described. A greater than four-fold rise in titers against rubella with a subsequent fall supports the conclusion that his myocarditis was associated with rubella infection. Other than neonates, rubella myocarditis has been reported previously in only six patients, one of whom was a child. PMID:6230194

  10. Decompressive Hemicraniectomy in a 6YearOld Male after Unilateral Hemispheric Stroke

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Max C. Lee; Jeffrey I. Frank; Madelyn Kahana; James H. Tonsgard; David M. Frim

    2003-01-01

    We report the case of a 6-year-old male who underwent a hemicraniectomy after a right-sided middle cerebral arterial infarct. This is the youngest patient reported to have undergone this procedure for stroke-associated brain swelling. This case illustrates that hemicraniectomy for stroke can be performed safely in pediatric patients, with potential brain- and lifesaving benefits.

  11. Treatment of Exhibitionism in a 38YearOld Male by Hypnotically Assisted Covert Sensitization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William M. Polk

    1983-01-01

    This case study reports the successful treatment of a 38-year-old male with a 14-year history of exhibitionism. A multifaceted treatment program was used, involving hypnotically assisted covert sensitization and brief marital therapy. Hypnosis was used to develop psychic aversive and reinforcing stimuli from the patient's past experience. The value of hypnosis in enhancing imagery in cognitive treatment approaches and the

  12. Recurrent cardiac myxoma in a 25 year old male: a DNA study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    We present a 25 year old Caucasian male patient with multiple recurrences of cardiac myxomas after surgical removal of the original tumor. His mother was operated on for right ventricular myxoma. The genetic analyses disclosed an aneuploid DNA content by flow cytometry analysis. The familial form of the cardiac myxomas must be distinguished from Carney complex syndrome. A long- term echocardiographic follow up is recommended to patients and their first degree relatives with cardiac myxomas. PMID:23618320

  13. Pathology Case Study: Bladder Mass in a 73-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Hakam, Ardeshir

    This case study, from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology, presents information about a 73-year-old male patient. According to the patient's history, he has a "history of invasive papillary transitional cell carcinoma with excessive muscular invasion and angiolymphatic invasion." Both gross and microscopic images of the prostate, bladder, pelvic lymph nodes, and the right and left pelvic ureter are provided in this case. Using these images and the provided patient history, students can test their knowledge of pathology and compare their diagnostic findings with the official findings in the "Final Diagnosis" section.

  14. Use of personalized decision analysis in decision making for Palliative vs. surgical management of the oldest-old patients with localized skin cancer in a culturally sensitive environment: a case study of a 96-year-old male Taiwanese patient.

    PubMed

    Chien, Chun-Ru; Shih, Ya-Chen Tina

    2013-04-01

    Clinical management of older cancer patients is challenging, especially for those in the oldest-old age group. In the Chinese culture, the preference toward noninvasive care for patients in this age group may create a difficult situation for clinicians when the cancer is potentially curable. Palliative care may not always be the obvious choice, especially if patients suffer from quality-of-life impairment because of symptoms related to progression of the untreated cancer. Balancing between higher rates of toxicities and potential gains in quality of life from anticancer therapies among the oldest old presents a real challenge in clinical practice. Decision analysis is an analytical tool that has a long history of successful application in clinical decision making. In this case study of a 96-year-old male with localized skin cancer, we demonstrate that personalized decision analysis can be a helpful tool to assist decision making in the clinical management of cancer patients in the oldest-old age group, especially in situations in which the evidence-based literature provides little guidance. This was achieved by providing information to help the key decision makers to better understand the risk-benefit trade offs and make an informed decision. We found that the option of surgical management was associated with higher expected quality-adjusted life years (0.894) than best supportive care (0.853). Based on this finding and various scenarios explored in sensitivity analyses, the family members recommended surgery for the patient. The patient recovered well from surgery and there is no evidence of recurrence to date. PMID:22917709

  15. Pathology Case Study: Renal Tumor in a 44-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Richert, Charles A.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 44-year-old male has hypernephroma, left renal tumor. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in renal pathology.

  16. Bifocal disruption of the knee extensor apparatus ("floating patella") in a 72-year-old patient.

    PubMed

    Chappuis, Julien; Penders, Walter; Cherchel, Alexandra; Lamraski, Guyve

    2011-08-01

    We present the unusual case of a simultaneous ipsilateral rupture of the quadriceps tendon and the patellar ligament in a 72-year-old male patient. No predisposing factors were diagnosed. After surgical treatment, the patient healed with full function and full range of motion. PMID:21954769

  17. A 52-year-old-male patient with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer and recurrent venous thromboembolism in unusual sites despite anticoagulation.

    PubMed

    Matikas, Alexios; Vardakis, Nikolaos; Souglakos, John; Georgoulias, Vassilios

    2013-01-01

    The link between cancer and venous thromboembolism is well known, with an annual incidence rate of venous thromboembolism between 0.5% and 20% depending on the primary site and background risk factors. Current guidelines suggest treatment with low-molecular-weight heparin over oral vitamin K antagonists. However, data regarding the management of recurrent venous thromboembolism when the patient is under treatment with anticoagulants are sparse. In this article we present a patient with multiple thromboembolic events in unusual sites despite anticoagulant treatment and we discuss the management options. PMID:24045761

  18. Multiple aseptic splenic abscesses in a 15 year old patient

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Splenic abscesses in children are rare. In recent years aseptic abscesses have been recognized as a new disease entity, especially in adults. Case presentation We present a rare case of a 15 year old girl with aseptic abscesses, in whom antibiotic therapy comprising metronidazole and meropenem was partly beneficial in improving the patient’s clinical condition and inflammatory parameters. Eventually corticosteroid therapy led to complete and long lasting resolution of symptoms. Further diagnostic work-up revealed autoimmune thyroiditis, but no signs of inflammatory bowel disease. Conclusion Aseptic splenic abscesses should always prompt clinicians to initiate further diagnostics to determine a potential underlying condition and a regular follow-up. Anaerobic bacteria may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease and besides corticosteroid treatment antibiotics covering anaerobes may be beneficial. PMID:24502393

  19. Pathology Case Study: 15 Year Old Male With a Left Testicular Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Bastacky, Sheldon

    This genitourinary pathology case study, provided by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology, is an excellent resource for students and instructors in the health science fields. A 15-year-old male with a left testicular mass is the focus of this case. The patientâ??s history, gross description, and microscopic description of test results are provided to aid readers in understanding the patientâ??s diagnosis. The official final diagnosis is accompanied by a discussion of the contributing doctorâ??s findings and a list of references. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose patientâ??s conditions.

  20. A 26-Year-Old Male with Mesothelioma Due to Asbestos Exposure

    PubMed Central

    Zarogoulidis, P.; Orfanidis, M.; Constadinidis, T. C.; Eleutheriadou, E.; Kontakiotis, T.; Kerenidi, T.; Sakkas, L.; Courcoutsakis, N.; Zarogoulidis, K.

    2011-01-01

    Mesothelioma is a malignancy with poor prognosis, with an average 5-year survival rate being less than 9%. This type of cancer is almost exclusively caused by exposure to asbestos. A long exposure can cause mesothelioma and so can short ones, as each exposure is cumulative. We report a case of a 26-year-old male who was exposed to asbestos during his primary school years from the age of 6 to 12. Although the tumor mainly affects older men who in their youth were occupationally exposed to asbestos, malignant mesothelioma can also occur in young adults. A medical history was carefully taken and asbestos exposure was immediately mentioned by the patient. We conducted biopsy on the right supraclavicular lymph node. The patient was not a candidate for surgery, and chemotherapy treatment was initiated. While patient's chemotherapy is still ongoing, no other similar cases of students or teachers have been traced up to date from his school. The school building was demolished in January 2009. PMID:21776278

  1. Pathology Case Study: Osteolytic Lesion of the Tibia in a 12-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    In this case study from the Department of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, a 12-year-old male is presented with "an osteolytic lesion of the proximal left tibia." Gross and microscopic images of the bone are provided, and the diagnosis is relayed in the "Final Diagnosis" section. A discussion of the diagnosis, including the pathogenesis and morphology of the disease, is included in the final section.

  2. Beneficial effects of chrysin and benzoflavone on virility in 2-year-old male rats.

    PubMed

    Dhawan, Kamaldeep; Kumar, Suresh; Sharma, Anupam

    2002-01-01

    This work describes the potential usefulness of bioflavonoids for countering the deleterious effects of aging on male sexuality in 2-year-old rats. A flavone chrysin from Passiflora caerulea Linn. and a benzoflavone moiety (BZF) recently isolated from Passiflora incarnata Linn. were administered to 2-year-old male rats for a period of 30 days. After cessation of these treatments, there was a significant improvement in overall sexual functions in the rats given bioflavonoids, compared with control rats. The rats receiving chrysin (1 mg/kg) and BZF (10 mg/kg) exhibited increased libido when they were allowed to interact with nonestrous female rats. Additionally, both treated groups had increased sperm count, greater fertilization potential, and greater litter size when they were allowed to interact with proven proestrous female rats of a similar strain. BZF was more potent than chrysin as an antiaromatase agent and exhibited better effects on the sexual system of the 2-year-old male rats. Plant flavonoids have great potential for clinical and therapeutic applications against the physiological and biochemical effects of aging. PMID:12511112

  3. [Panniculitis of the thigh and lung emphysema in a 54-year-old patient].

    PubMed

    Eckhard, M; Kröll, K P; Karrasch, T; Roller, F; Feek, U; Lange, U; Noethe, M; Seeger, W; Ghofrani, S; Schäffler, A

    2015-06-01

    This article reports a case of febrile, symmetrical and painful soft tissue swelling on both thighs in a 54-year-old otherwise healthy male patient. Histologically, necrotizing panniculitis of subcutaneous adipose tissue was described as a marker manifestation of a previously unknown alpha-1-antitrypsin (A1AT) deficiency with pulmonary emphysema and low plasma A1AT levels. The PiZZ homozygous form of A1AT could be diagnosed by gene sequencing. Complete remission of panniculitis could be achieved by A1AT replacement therapy. PMID:25956612

  4. Bifid cardiac apex in a 25-year-old male with sudden cardiac death.

    PubMed

    Wu, Annie; Kay, Deborah; Fishbein, Michael C

    2014-01-01

    Although a bifid cardiac apex is common in certain marine animals, it is an uncommon finding in humans. When present, bifid cardiac apex is usually associated with other congenital heart anomalies. We present a case of bifid cardiac apex that was an incidental finding in a 25-year-old male with sudden cardiac death from combined drug toxicity. On gross examination, there was a bifid cardiac apex with a 2-cm long cleft. There were no other significant gross or microscopic abnormalities. This case represents the very rare occurrence of a bifid cardiac apex as an isolated cardiac anomaly. PMID:23928367

  5. Periappendicitis during adalimumab treatment for ileocecal Crohn's disease in a 29-year-old male.

    PubMed

    Mizuno, Shinta; Nakazawa, Atsushi; Ogawa, Ayumi; Hisamatsu, Tadakazu; Hirose, Shigemichi; Tsukada, Nobuhiro

    2015-06-01

    A 29-year-old male was diagnosed with ileocolic Crohn's disease (CD) approximately 2 years ago. Adalimumab was prescribed as CD remission induction therapy. Three months after beginning adalimumab, watery diarrhea and lower abdominal pain developed. He was admitted under a diagnosis of CD exacerbation. Despite fasting and antibiotic treatment, symptoms of acute panperitonitis appeared. He was diagnosed as acute appendicitis and we performed emergency surgery for peritoneal drainage and ileocecal resection on the fifth hospital day. We diagnosed periappendicitis based on the operative findings. This is the first report of periappendicitis with CD during adalimumab treatment. PMID:26023062

  6. Pathology Case Study: Maxillary Cyst in a 36-Year-Old Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 36-year-old man has a maxillary cyst. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology.

  7. Pathology Case Study:A 52-Year-Old Male with "Cholelithiasis"

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a gastrointestinal pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 52-year-old female has â??cholelithiasis,â?ť intermittant jaundice, recent pancreatitis and gallbladder polyps. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in gastrointestinal pathology.

  8. Dissociative fugue symptoms in a 28-year-old male Nigerian medical student: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Dissociative fugue is a psychiatric disorder characterized by amnesia coupled with sudden unexpected travel away from the individual’s usual surroundings and denial of all memory of his or her whereabouts during the period of wandering. Dissociative fugue is a rare disorder that is infrequently reported. Before now, no case of it had been reported in a medical student. Case presentation This article focuses on the report of a case of dissociative fugue symptoms in a 28-year-old male Nigerian medical student. Conclusion The observation in this case report brings to the fore that dissociative fugue is often related to stressful life events and can comorbid with a depressive disorder. PMID:23724873

  9. Erasmus Syndrome in a 42-Year-Old Male: A Rare Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Pan, Koushik

    2015-01-01

    Erasmus syndrome is a rare entity in which systemic sclerosis develops following exposure to silica with or without silicosis. Few case reports are available in literature. We report here a case of Erasmus syndrome in a 42-year-old manual labourer. The patient presented with arthralgia, Raynoud’s phenomenon, skin tightening and microstomia along with features of Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Evidence of Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) with mediastinal lymphadenopathy as well as pulmonary arterial hypertension with vascular reactivity was found in appropriate investigations. Serological markers of systemic sclerosis were strongly positive. After a diagnosis of Erasmus syndrome was made, a combination of drugs including Prednisone, Cyclophosphamide and Nifedipine was instituted this led to moderate improvement in his symptoms over 6 months.

  10. Case report: transient small bowel intussusception presenting as right lower quadrant pain in a 6-year-old male

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    In children presenting to the emergency room with right lower quadrant pain, ultrasound is the preferred initial modality. In our patient, a 6-year-old male with a sudden onset of severe right lower quadrant pain, the differential is broad, including appendicitis and intussusception. In order to narrow our differential and secure the diagnosis, our first modality was ultrasonography. With the increased use of point-of-care ultrasound in the emergency department, the diagnosis of appendicitis and ileo-colic intussusception has been made more frequently. In addition, other entities such as transient small bowel intussusception may be identified. As in our case, obstruction secondary to intussusception must be ruled out with observation, serial abdominal exams, clinical improvement, or further imaging. PMID:24982750

  11. Pancreatic tail schwannoma in a 44-year-old male: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Abu-Zaid, Ahmed; Azzam, Ayman; Abou Al-Shaar, Hussam; Alshammari, Abdullah M; Amin, Tarek; Mohammed, Shamayel

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic schwannomas are exceedingly uncommon neoplasms. According to a recent study in 2012, less than 50 cases of pancreatic schwannoma have been described in the English literature over the past thirty years. The vast majority of pancreatic schwannomas take place in the head and body of pancreas, respectively. Herein, we report the case of pancreatic tail ancient schwannoma in a 44-year-old man who presented with a 4-month history of epigastric pain. On physical examination, epigastric region was moderately tender to palpation without evidence of a palpable mass. All laboratory tests were normal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 9.2 × 9.5 × 11.5?cm, huge, and well-defined left suprarenal mass arising either from adrenal gland, pancreas, or retroperitoneum. The mass demonstrated mild heterogeneous enhancement with central cystic/necrotic area. No evidence of distant metastasis was identified. At laparoscopy, the mass was noticed to originate from pancreatic tail. Patient underwent surgical resection of pancreatic tail. Microscopic and immunohistochemical examination of the pancreatic tail specimen showed ancient schwannoma. Patient received no adjuvant therapy. At a postoperative 6-month followup, patient was completely asymptomatic and CT scan imaging showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Moreover, a literature review on pancreatic schwannomas is presented. PMID:24371534

  12. Pancreatic Tail Schwannoma in a 44-Year-Old Male: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Alshammari, Abdullah M.; Mohammed, Shamayel

    2013-01-01

    Pancreatic schwannomas are exceedingly uncommon neoplasms. According to a recent study in 2012, less than 50 cases of pancreatic schwannoma have been described in the English literature over the past thirty years. The vast majority of pancreatic schwannomas take place in the head and body of pancreas, respectively. Herein, we report the case of pancreatic tail ancient schwannoma in a 44-year-old man who presented with a 4-month history of epigastric pain. On physical examination, epigastric region was moderately tender to palpation without evidence of a palpable mass. All laboratory tests were normal. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 9.2 × 9.5 × 11.5?cm, huge, and well-defined left suprarenal mass arising either from adrenal gland, pancreas, or retroperitoneum. The mass demonstrated mild heterogeneous enhancement with central cystic/necrotic area. No evidence of distant metastasis was identified. At laparoscopy, the mass was noticed to originate from pancreatic tail. Patient underwent surgical resection of pancreatic tail. Microscopic and immunohistochemical examination of the pancreatic tail specimen showed ancient schwannoma. Patient received no adjuvant therapy. At a postoperative 6-month followup, patient was completely asymptomatic and CT scan imaging showed no evidence of tumor recurrence. Moreover, a literature review on pancreatic schwannomas is presented. PMID:24371534

  13. GH overexpression decreases spermatic parameters and reproductive success in two-years-old transgenic zebrafish males.

    PubMed

    Figueiredo, Marcio A; Fernandes, Raíssa V; Studzinski, Ana L; Rosa, Carlos E; Corcini, Carine D; Junior, Antônio S Varela; Marins, Luis F

    2013-06-01

    Growth hormone (GH) transgenesis has been postulated as a biotechnological tool for improving growth performance in fish aquaculture. However, GH is implied in several other physiological processes, and transgenesis-induced GH excess could lead to unpredictable collateral effects, especially on reproductive traits. Here, we have used two-years-old transgenic zebrafish males to evaluate the effects of GH-transgenesis on spermatic parameters and reproductive success. Transgenic spermatozoa were analyzed in terms of motility, motility period, membrane integrity, mitochondrial functionality, DNA integrity, fertility and hatching rate. We have also performed histological analyses in gonad, in order to verify the presence of characteristic cell types from mature testes. The results obtained have shown that, even in transgenic testes present in all cells in normal mature gonads, a significant general decrease was observed in all spermatic and reproductive parameters analyzed. These outcomes raise concerns about the viability of GH-transgenesis appliance to aquaculture and the environmental risks at the light of Trojan gene hypothesis. PMID:23618946

  14. Case report of multiple sclerosis diagnosis in an 82-year old male.

    PubMed

    Foster, Emma; Tsang, Benjamin K-T; Skibina, Olga; Kam, Anthony; Storey, Elsdon

    2014-05-01

    An 82-year old male, with no significant past medical history, presented with a subacute right foot drop in the setting of a 14-month history of generalised weakness, highly-responsive to steroids. Temporal artery and vastus lateralis biopsies were normal. Vasculitic screen and inflammatory markers were normal. Lumbar puncture revealed elevated cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein without oligoclonal bands. Visual evoked response (VER) was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of his lumbar spine showed compression of exiting L5 nerve root. He had three cerebral MRI scans spaced over the 12 month period, which showed a progressive increase of T2 and fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) hyperintense lesions consistent with active demyelinating plaques. He was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone 1g daily for three days with a weaning regimen of oral prednisolone, resulting in a full return of power and a resolution of his right foot drop. He was diagnosed with late-onset multiple sclerosis (LOMS), and was treated with monthly natalizumab. A literature review of LOMS is discussed. PMID:25876483

  15. Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma of Upper Lid in 15-Year-Old Patient

    PubMed Central

    Sharifi, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common childhood primary malignant tumor of orbit. Most of patients present between the ages of 7 and 8 years. Pure eyelid rhabdomyosarcoma is a very rare tumor with only a few reported cases in the literature. We introduce a pure embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of upper lid in 15-year-old patient and demonstrate successful management of it. PMID:24716058

  16. Primary internal carotid artery aneurysm in a 15-year-old male: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Lopez, Daniel; Sarac, Timur; Lorenz, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysms are a rare entity in the adult population. Very little information is known in the pediatric population. We present a case of a 15-year-old male with an isolated internal carotid artery aneurysm and a review of the literature. PMID:25304909

  17. [Prevalence of anti-HAV antibodies (hepatitis A virus) in 18-year-old males from the Florence area].

    PubMed

    Calabri, G B; Santini, M G; Genovese, F; Bambi, F; Salvi, G; Calabri, G

    1999-01-01

    In 1998 sera from 430 18 year old male subjects living in "Florentina area" have been tested for anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies. 27 out of 430, (6.2%), study samples were found to be positive. Our results confirm the low circulation rate of HAV in Florence area. PMID:10963011

  18. An Atypical Eating Disorder with Crohn's Disease in a Fifteen-Year-Old Male: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holaday, Margot; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Discusses how 6 months after psychological intervention for an eating disorder, a 15-year-old male was diagnosed with Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Addresses need for additional training for those from traditional school and counseling psychology programs. Advocates a team approach and consultations. (RJM)

  19. [Giant simple hepatic cysts as dyspnea symptom in a 93-year-old patient].

    PubMed

    Macho Pérez, O; Gómez Pavón, J; Núńez González, A; Narvaiza Grau, L; Albéniz Aguiriano, L

    2007-03-01

    Giant simple hepatic cysts is generally asymptomatic in the 3% of cases of adult patients. We present a woman case of 93 years old who was diagnoses of giant simple hepatic cyst presented as dysnea. The management of this patient was with percutaneous aspiration and fenol alcohol. It made a review of cystic lesions of the liver and of simple hepatic cysts management. PMID:17590136

  20. Successful Treatment of Retinal Angiomatous Proliferation with Intravitreal Triamcinolone and Ranibizumab Injections in a 67-Year-Old Male

    PubMed Central

    Haq, Adnaan; Kapoor, Bharat; Logendran, Maharatnam; Reddy, Gopinath

    2014-01-01

    A 67-year-old male who presented to the eye casualty department with deterioration in his vision was diagnosed with retinal angiomatous proliferation. After initial deterioration with ranibizumab intravitreal injections, we have demonstrated successful treatment and stabilised vision with ranibizumab and a single intravitreal triamcinolone injection. Stringent follow-up and top-up ranibizumab injections have stabilised his vision and have shown foveal improvement on optical coherence tomography imaging. PMID:25566060

  1. Correlates of weight loss and muscle-gaining behavior in 10- to 14-year-old males and females

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gail McVey; Stacey Tweed; Elizabeth Blackmore

    2005-01-01

    Background. This study examined the influence of appearance and social acceptance esteem, awareness and internalization of media stereotypes, body size acceptance, and teasing on the weight loss and muscle-gaining behaviors of 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls.Methods. Male (n = 670) and female (n = 788) students were drawn from one of four public senior middle schools (grades 6–8) in

  2. Intramuscular dendritic fibromyxolipoma in a 24-year-old male: A case report and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    XU, XIA; XIONG, WEN; ZHENG, LIDUAN; YU, JIE

    2015-01-01

    Dendritic fibromyxolipoma (DFML) is an uncommon, benign soft tumor that usually arises in the subcutis. To date, ~24 cases of DFML have been reported in the literature and only one of these has been in the muscle. The present study reports the case of a 24-year-old male with a slow-growing, painless mass located deep in the triceps brachii in the left shoulder region. The mass was 14.0×8.5×8.0 cm in size, with well-circumscribed margins. Microscopically, the resected mass was characterized by a proliferation of small spindle or stellate cells, prominent abundant myxoid stroma with ropey collagen bundles and admixed mature adipose tissue. Further immunohistochemical staining indicated that the spindle and stellate cells were reactive with cluster of differentiation 34, vimentin and B-cell lymphoma-2, but not with smooth muscle actin and desmin. Fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that the tumor cells did not have the DDIT3 alteration or amplification of MDM2. The tumor was confirmed to be a DFML due to the typical histological, immunophenotypic and genetic findings. To date, subsequent to 4 years of clinical follow-up, there is no sign of recurrence or metastasis. The present study reports a case of DFML in the youngest known patient, and is the second reported case of an intramuscular DFML occurring in the triceps brachii in the left shoulder region. The study discusses the clinicopathological features and the differential diagnosis of DFML, with a review of the literature. PMID:25621027

  3. A treatable metabolic cause of encephalopathy: cobalamin C deficiency in an 8-year-old male.

    PubMed

    Krueger, Jena M; Piantino, Juan; Smith, Craig M; Angle, Brad; Venkatesan, Charu; Wainwright, Mark S

    2015-01-01

    Neurologic regression in a previously healthy child may be caused by metabolic or neurodegenerative disorders, many of which have no definitive treatment. We report a case of a previously healthy 8-year-old boy who presented with a month-long history of waxing and waning encephalopathy and acute regression, followed by seizures. Evaluation for a metabolic disorder revealed methylmalonic acidemia and hyperhomocysteinemia of the cobalamin C type due to a single, presumed homozygous pathogenic c.394 C>T mutation in the MMACHC gene. With the appropriate diet restrictions and vitamin replacement, he improved significantly and returned to his premorbid level of behavior. This case illustrates an unusual presentation of a treatable metabolic disorder and highlights the need to consider cobalamin defects in the differential diagnosis of healthy children with neurologic regression. PMID:25511120

  4. Successful replantation of 2 fingers in an 82-year-old patient: a case report.

    PubMed

    Szlosser, Z; Walaszek, I; Zyluk, A

    2015-02-01

    We present the case of an 82-year-old patient who had successfully replanted 2 of his 4 amputated fingers in the left, non-dominant hand. Amputation was caused by a circular saw and the patient was delivered to the hospital 3?h after injury with amputated part of the hand appropriately stored. The patient's general health status was good, with no serious systemic diseases. He also did not smoke. Post-operative course was uneventful for the replanted fingers, but after his return home the patient developed left-sided pneumonia, treated successfully with i.v. antibiotics. 8 months after replantation the patient presented with slight movement in the replanted fingers (AROM 45°), a total grip strength 8 Kg and the qDASH score 24; however, he could firmly grasp objects due to having an intact, well-functioning thumb. PMID:25531228

  5. Macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel) in a 34-year-old patient.

    PubMed

    Nicolai, Heleen; Wirix, Mieke; Spielberg, Leigh; Leys, Anita

    2014-01-01

    We report macular telangiectasia type 2 (MacTel) in a 34-year-old man, the youngest patient so far published with MacTel type 2. The patient presented with metamorphopsia and impaired reading ability. Diagnosis was based on bilateral abnormal macular autofluorescence, perifoveal telangiectasia with fluorescein angiographic hyperfluorescence without cystoid oedema, a small foveal avascular zone, asymmetric configuration of the foveal pit, disruptions in the inner segment/outer segment layer and hyper-reflective haze and spots in the outer nuclear layer. Although MacTel usually manifests with a slowly progressive decrease in visual acuity in the fifth to seventh decades of life, younger patients may occasionally be diagnosed with the disease. Awareness of subtle signs of the condition is essential for early diagnosis. PMID:25249218

  6. Variegate porphyria in a 46-year-old patient taking sibutramine for weight loss.

    PubMed

    Reiser, M; Eickmann, S; Haverkamp, T; Finckh, U

    2010-04-01

    The acute hepatic porphyrias can cause life-threatening attacks of neurovisceral symptoms that mimic other acute medical conditions. Variegate porphyria caused by mutations in the protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) gene is a latent disorder characterized by exacerbations induced by fasting, alcohol consumption or certain drugs. We describe the case of a 46-year-old female patient presenting with a first episode of symptomatic porphyria after 10 d of sibutramine treatment for weight loss. Genetic analysis showed a heterozygous R168H hot spot mutation in the PPOX gene. A putative effect of sibutramine on the hepatic haem biosynthetic pathway and reduced food intake have likely caused this exacerbation of a porphyria attack. Although this may be the first case report of this kind, the risk of acute porphyria should be considered in patients using pharmacotherapy for obesity. PMID:19845869

  7. Chiropractic care of a 70-year-old female patient with hip osteoarthritis

    PubMed Central

    Strunk, Richard G.; Hanses, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe the response to chiropractic care of a geriatric patient with left hip pain, a history of repetitive falls, poor balance, myofascial dysfunction, and hip osteoarthritis. Clinical Features A 70-year-old, white, female patient presented for chiropractic care with a chief complaint of left hip pain of 1 year's duration and a history of 2 falls within the past 5 years. The patient's initial Lower Extremity Functional Index score was 42%. Important initial examination findings include a body mass index of 45.0, a One Leg Standing Test of 4 seconds, a Timed Up and Go test of 17 seconds, decreased active range of motion findings, and degenerative radiological findings of the left hip joint. Intervention and Outcome Chiropractic treatment primarily consisted of hip and spinal manipulation, mobilization, and passive stretching. The patient was seen 16 times over a 12-week period. After 12 weeks of care, the patient had a significant decrease on the Lower Extremity Functional Index and had demonstrated improvements in left hip internal rotation and in Timed Up and Go and One Leg Standing Test times. The Patient Global Impression of Change scale indicated that the patient was “very much better.” Conclusion This case illustrates a patient who had increased range of motion, improved balance and gait speed, and decreased disability after a 12-week course of chiropractic care. PMID:22027209

  8. Hospice care for 86 year old male with recurrent breast cancer: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Rosaida Gonzalez; Claudia Dolores Marcelo; Matthew Stringer

    2009-01-01

    Terminal illness poses a tremendous challenge to patients, their families and their health care providers. It is often difficult to determine when hospice is appropriate. Timely referrals are beneficial to both patient and caregivers as a way to offer improved care and support at end of life; when multiple, complicated, co-morbid states affect care. This is especially true when a

  9. Pathology Case Study: Intermittent Fevers in a 43-Year-Old Black Male

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dorvault, Christine

    The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine's Department of Pathology has compiled a series of case studies to help students and instructors. In this particular study the patient is complaining of intermittent fevers. The case provides test results and data as well as microscopic photos and description. Clicking on the final diagnosis provides a thorough explanation of the diagnosis as well as treatment.

  10. Rhabdomyolysis and Cardiomyopathy in a 20-Year-Old Patient with CPT II Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Vavlukis, M.; Eftimov, A.; Zafirovska, P.; Caparovska, E.; Pocesta, B.; Kedev, S.; Dimovski, A. J.

    2014-01-01

    Aim. To raise the awareness of adult-onset carnitite palmitoyltransferase II deficiency (CPT II) by describing clinical, biochemical, and genetic features of the disease occurring in early adulthood. Method. Review of the case characteristics and literature review. Results. We report on a 20-year-old man presenting with dyspnea, fatigue, fever, and myoglobinuria. This was the second episode with such symptoms (the previous one being three years earlier). The symptoms occurred after intense physical work, followed by a viral infection resulting in fever treated with NSAIDs. Massive rhabdomyolysis was diagnosed, resulting in acute renal failure necessitating plasmapheresis and hemodialysis, acute hepatic lesion, and respiratory insufficiency. Additionally, our patient had cardiomyopathy with volume overload. After a detailed workup, CPT II deficiency was suspected. We did a sequencing analysis for exons 1, 3, and 4 of the CPT II gene and found that the patient was homozygote for Ser 113 Leu mutation in exon 3 of the CPT II gene. The patient recovery was complete except for the cardiomiopathy with mildly impaired systolic function. Conclusion. Whenever a patient suffers recurrent episodes of myalgia, followed by myoglobinuria due to rhabdomyolysis, we should always consider the possibility of this rare condition. The definitive diagnose of this condition is achieved by genetic testing. PMID:24563797

  11. The Incidence of Problem Gambling in a Representative Cohort of Swedish Female and Male 16-24 Year-Olds by Socio-demographic Characteristics, in Comparison with 25-44 Year-Olds.

    PubMed

    Fröberg, Frida; Rosendahl, Ingvar K; Abbott, Max; Romild, Ulla; Tengström, Anders; Hallqvist, Johan

    2014-03-01

    We aimed to estimate the incidence of a first episode of problem gambling among Swedish 16-24 year-olds by demographic and socio-economic characteristics, and to compare the incidence between 16-24 and 25-44 year-olds, and between young women and men. Other aims were to estimate the proportions of recovery and incidence in recurrent problem gambling, and prevalence of problem gambling among 16-44 year-olds in Sweden. We selected 4,358 participants aged 16-44 from the nationally representative Swedish Longitudinal Gambling Study in 2008/2009 and 2009/2010. The primary outcome measure was a first episode of problem gambling during 12 months before the follow-up as measured by the Problem Gambling Severity Index among participants without a history of problem gambling at baseline. The incidence proportion of a first episode of problem gambling among 16-24 year-olds was 2.26 % (95 % confidence interval 1.52-3.36); three times lower among females (1.14; 0.42-3.07 %) than males (3.32; 2.19-5.01 %). Young age and household financial problems were associated with first episode problem gambling among young women. Among 25-44 year-olds, the incidence proportion of a first episode of problem gambling was 0.81 % (0.41-1.56). Recovery from problem gambling was high, in particular among females. Individual transitions from problem gambling to recovery and to recurrent problem gambling, between baseline and follow-up, were common regardless of age. This study adds further evidence to research suggesting that there is a high mobility in and out of problem gambling over time on an individual level. The high incidence of first episode problem gambling among youth in Sweden stresses the importance of prevention of problem gambling at an early age. PMID:24590609

  12. Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care For A Nine-Year-Old Male With Tourette Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Depression, Asthma, Insomnia, and Headaches: A Case Report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erin L. Elster

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To review the effectiveness of chiropractic care using an upper cervical technique in the case of a nine-year- old male who presented with Tourette Syndrome (TS), Atten- tion Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), depression, asthma, insomnia, and headaches. Clinical Features: This nine-year-old boy suffered from asthma and upper respiratory infections since infancy; head- aches since age 6; TS, ADHD, depression

  13. Unexpected subthreshold autism spectrum in a 25-year-old male stalker hospitalized for delusional disorder: a case report.

    PubMed

    Dell'Osso, Liliana; Dalle Luche, Riccardo; Cerliani, Corrado; Bertelloni, Carlo Antonio; Gesi, Camilla; Carmassi, Claudia

    2015-08-01

    This paper highlights the clinical challenges faced when assessing patients with stalking behaviors with psychotic disorders, suggesting the need for an accurate assessment of adult autism spectrum symptoms. A 25-year-old man with a diagnosis of delusional disorder, erotomanic type, was hospitalized for acute psychotic symptoms occurred in the framework of a repeated stalking behavior towards his ex girlfriend. When assessed for adult autism spectrum symptoms upon an accurate clinical evaluation, he reported elevated scores in the mentalizing deficit and social anxiety domains by means of the 14 item Ritvo Autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale (RAADS-14). Authors discuss a possible role of adult (subthreshold) autism spectrum symptoms, generally disregarded in adult psychiatry, on the type of psychotic features and stalking behavior developed that may help for appropriate diagnosis and treatment. PMID:26031384

  14. A Case of Paraspinal Muscle Rhabdomyolysis in a 22-Year-Old Male After Ingesting a Supplement Containing Higenamine.

    PubMed

    Jeter, Jonathan; DeZee, Kent J; Kennedy, Laura

    2015-07-01

    Rhabdomyolysis is a painful and potentially life-threatening injury in which muscle breaks down in response to an insult. In this case report, we describe the clinical course of a 22-year-old man who developed paraspinal muscle rhabdomyolysis and possible compartment syndrome in association with strenuous activity and the ingestion of an exercise supplement containing the stimulant higenamine. Although he did not experience any renal damage, he did experience a high level of pain acutely and for the next 4 months. A history of exercise supplement intake should increase the index of suspicion for rhabdomyolysis when a patient presents with moderate to severe muscle pain, even if the muscle group is not in a classic location for rhabdomyolysis. PMID:26126260

  15. Males have greater g: Sex differences in general mental ability from 100,000 17- to 18-year-olds on the Scholastic Assessment Test

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas N. Jackson; J. Philippe Rushton

    2006-01-01

    In this study we found that 17- to 18-year old males averaged 3.63 IQ points higher than did their female counterparts on the 1991 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). We analysed 145 item responses from 46,509 males and 56,007 females (total N=102,516) using a principal components procedure. We found (1) the g factor underlies both the SAT Verbal (SAT-V) and the

  16. The impact of young age on locoregional recurrence after doxorubicin-based breast conservation therapy in patients 40 years old or younger: How young is 'young'?

    SciTech Connect

    Oh, Julia L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)]. E-mail: joh@mdanderson.org; Bonnen, Mark [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Outlaw, Elesyia D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Schechter, Naomi R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco Mt. Zion Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Francisco, CA (United States); Perkins, George H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Strom, Eric A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Babiera, Gildy [Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Oswald, Mary Jane [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Allen, Pamela K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Thames, Howard D. [Department of Biostatistics and Applied Mathematics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Buchholz, Thomas A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2006-08-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients <35 years old have similar risk of locoregional recurrence after breast conservation therapy compared with patients 35 to 40 years old. Methods and materials: We retrospectively reviewed records of 196 consecutive patients {<=}40 years old who received breast conservation therapy (BCT) from 1987 to 2000 for breast cancer and compared outcomes between patients <35 years old with patients 35 to 40 years old. The majority of patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy as part of their treatment. Multivariate analysis was performed to assess risk factors for locoregional recurrence. Results: After a median follow-up of 64 months, 22 locoregional recurrences (LRR) were observed. Twenty patients developed locoregional recurrence as their first site of relapse. Two patients had bone-only metastases before their locoregional recurrence. On multivariate analysis, age <35 years was associated with a statistically significant increased risk of locoregional recurrence. The 5-year rate of locoregional control was 87.9% in patients <35 years old compared with 91.7% in patients 35 to 40 years old (p = 0.042). Conclusions: Our finding supports an increased risk of locoregional recurrence as a function of younger age after breast conservation therapy, even among young patients 40 years old and younger.

  17. Mucinous Cystadenoma Arising in a Mature Cystic Teratoma in a 25-Year-Old Patient

    PubMed Central

    Pintea, Michelle D.

    2014-01-01

    Coexistence of a mucinous cystadenoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma is infrequently reported. Herein a case of a 25-year-old woman diagnosed with a right ovarian mucinous cystadenoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma is reported. She presented with lower right abdominal discomfort. Ultrasound showed a 14.8 × 7.9 × 12.5?cm structure on the right adnexa. She underwent a diagnostic laparoscopy, which was converted to exploratory laparotomy, during which a right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. PMID:24891964

  18. Adult-Onset Still's Disease in a Patient Over 80 Years Old Successfully Treated with Low-Dose Methotrexate Therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MIWA KURASAWA; K AZUHIKO KOTANI; G OTARO KURASAWA; K OUSUKE SHIDA; S HIGEKI YAMADA; TOSHIHIKO TAGO

    2006-01-01

    We report on an 83-year-old Japanese woman with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), with marked hypercytokinemia (serum levels of ferritin (Fer) and interleukin (IL)-18 were markedly high). On seeing older patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO), particularly Asians, AOSD should be considered. Reduced doses of oral prednisolone following intravenous methylprednisolone (mPSL) therapy caused a flare-up of AOSD and led to

  19. Adult-onset Still's disease in a patient over 80 years old successfully treated with low-dose methotrexate therapy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MIWA KURASAWA; K AZUHIKO KOTANI; G OTARO KURASAWA; K OUSUKE SHIDA; S HIGEKI YAMADA; TOSHIHIKO TAGO

    We report on an 83-year-old Japanese woman with adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), with marked hypercytokinemia (serum levels of ferritin (Fer) and interleukin (IL)-18 were markedly high). On seeing older patients with fever of unknown origin (FUO), particularly Asians, AOSD should be considered. Reduced doses of oral prednisolone following intravenous methylprednisolone (mPSL) therapy caused a flare-up of AOSD and led to

  20. [Squamous cell carcinoma of the nose and sinuses in a 18-year-old patient: a case report].

    PubMed

    Szmeja, Z; Zdanowicz, E; Wierzbicka, M

    1998-01-01

    A case of squamous cell carcinoma of the nose and paranasal sinuses in an 18-year-old male is presented. Carcinoma of the nose and sinuses is not common and accounts for 3-5% of an all malignancies in the head and neck. Peak incidence of the disease seems to occur in the 6th and 7th decade of life. No cases of nasal carcinoma were observed under the age of thirty. The authors discuss the difficulties in setting the diagnosis--nonspecific symptoms mimic those of chronic sinusitis. PMID:9884596

  1. Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the bladder and ganglioglioma in a 14 year-old male with a germline 22q11.2 deletion.

    PubMed

    Bosse, Kristopher R; Shukla, Aseem R; Pawel, Bruce; Chikwava, Kudakwashe R; Santi, Mariarita; Tooke, Laura; Castagna, Katherine; Biegel, Jaclyn A; Bagatell, Rochelle

    2014-09-01

    Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) are rare pediatric malignancies characterized by clinically aggressive lesions that typically show loss of SMARCB1 expression. We herein describe a case of a malignant rhabdoid tumor of the bladder in a 14-year-old male with an autism spectrum disorder and a de novo 3 Mb germline deletion in chromosome band 22q11.2 that included the SMARCB1 gene. The malignancy developed in the setting of chronic hematuria (>2 years) following the occurrence of two other lesions: a central nervous system ganglioglioma and an intraoral dermoid cyst. MRTs of the bladder are exceedingly rare, and this patient is the oldest child reported with this tumor to date. This case adds to the growing body of literature regarding the recently described, phenotypically diverse, distal 22q11.2 syndrome. Furthermore, this is the first reported case in which an MRT of the bladder appears to have developed from a pre-existing bladder lesion. Finally, this case further supports a rhabdoid tumorigenesis model in which heterozygous loss of SMARCB1 predisposes to initial tumor formation with intact SMARCB1 expression, with subsequent inactivation of the other SMARCB1 allele, which results in transformation into more malignant lesions. PMID:25018128

  2. Presentation of case: Bladder cancer in an 18 year old female patient

    PubMed Central

    Sheehan, Lisa; Anwar, Adeel; Kommu, Sashi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Bladder cancers are not very common in the young population below 20 years of age, especially in those who have not been exposed to chemotherapy, bladder augmentation surgery and other known risk factors. By highlighting this case we hope to raise awareness in the medical community, that the symptom of visible haematuria can potentially be due to a bladder malignancy and therefore this should be thoroughly investigated. Presentation of case An 18-year-old female presented with intermittent macroscopic haematuria and non-specific abdominal pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal. An ultrasound scan initially showed a bladder wall lesion, which a flexible cystoscopy confirmed. Histology revealed grade 2 papillary transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with no invasion into the lamina propria (G2pTa TCCB). Discussion We recognise through our literature review that paediatric bladder cancers are not commonly reported in the UK. In our paper we highlight the relevant major studies that have been carried out world-wide, the reported incidence so far and gaps in the evidence base. Conclusion Despite the dearth of data about paediatric bladder malignancies there is enough case-based evidence, from world-wide sources, to support that bladder cancer must be suspected in the event of macroscopic haematuria. Ultrasound and cystoscopy are the standard diagnostic tools for bladder tumours. Endoscopic resection of the tumour followed up by interval ultrasound scans and flexible cystoscopy checks remain the mainstay of treatment hitherto. PMID:25574770

  3. An 87-year-old patient with repeated oligorecurrences over six years whose disease were treated with radiotherapy alone

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    In the clinical state of oligometastases or oligorecurrence, a transitional state between localized and widespread systemic disease, local control of the disease may yield improved systemic control. Radiotherapy may be a good means for controlling oligometastatic tumors, particularly in very old patients for whom surgery may be infeasible. A combination of systemic therapy and local therapy is necessary to prevent systemic progression. Some kinds of cancers found in the elderly are known to be somewhat indolent for systemic progression. So, for very old patients who refuse or cannot tolerate chemotherapy, the use of radical radiotherapy alone to treat oligorecurrences may be very helpful. We successfully treated an 87-year-old patient who had been diagnosed with oligorecurrences three times over six years with radiotherapy alone. The patient is now, about four years after his first radiotherapy for liver metastasis, alive without any evidence of cancer and with fully active performance status. PMID:25568856

  4. Patient Perspectives on Online Health Information and Communication With Doctors: A Qualitative Study of Patients 50 Years Old and Over

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Background As health care systems around the world shift toward models that emphasize self-care management, there is increasing pressure for patients to obtain health information online. It is critical that patients are able to identify potential problems with using the Internet to diagnose and treat a health issue and that they feel comfortable communicating with their doctor about the health information they acquire from the Internet. Objective Our aim was to examine patient-identified (1) problems with using the Internet to identify and treat a health issue, (2) barriers to communication with a doctor about online health information seeking, and (3) facilitators of communication with a doctor about patient searches for health information on the Internet. Methods For this qualitative exploratory study, semistructured interviews were conducted with a sample of 56 adults age 50 years old and over. General concerns regarding use of the Internet to diagnose and treat a health issue were examined separately for participants based on whether they had ever discussed health information obtained through the Internet with a doctor. Discussions about barriers to and facilitators of communication about patient searches for health information on the Internet with a doctor were analyzed using thematic analysis. Results Six higher-level general concerns emerged: (1) limitations in own ability, (2) credibility/limitations of online information, (3) anxiety, (4) time consumption, (5) conflict, and (6) non-physical harm. The most prevalent concern raised by participants who communicated with a doctor about their online health information seeking related to the credibility or limitations in online information. Participants who had never communicated with a doctor about their online health information seeking most commonly reported concerns about non-physical harm. Four barriers to communication emerged: (1) concerns about embarrassment, (2) concerns that the doctor doesn’t want to hear about it, (3) belief that there is no need to bring it up, and (4) forgetting to bring it up. Facilitators of communication included: (1) having a family member present at doctor visits, (2) doctor-initiated inquiries, and (3) encountering an advertisement that suggested talking with a doctor. Conclusions Overall, participants displayed awareness of potential problems related to online health information seeking. Findings from this study point to a set of barriers as well as facilitators of communication about online health information seeking between patients and doctors. This study highlights the need for enhanced patient communication skills, eHealth literacy assessments that are accompanied by targeted resources pointing individuals to high-quality credible online health information, and the need to remind patients of the importance of consulting a medical professional when they use online health resources to diagnose and treat a health issue. PMID:25586865

  5. Treating hair pulling in a 7-year-old male: modified habit reversal for use in pediatric settings.

    PubMed

    Rosenbaum, M S

    1982-12-01

    In pediatric office settings children with nervous habits, such as hair pulling, are often treated with drugs or referred for psychological treatment. The habit reversal technique, a behavior therapeutic approach to treating nervous habits, has proven cost-efficient in terms of maximal benefit from a minimal therapeutic intervention. However, this technique has not been considered practical to use in pediatric office settings because of the therapist-client contact time required. The present case study focused on treating hair pulling in a 7-year-old boy using a modified version of the habit reversal technique. Following a single 20-minute session, hair pulling was eliminated and did not recur throughout an 18-month follow-up. Although additional data are needed prior to advocating general use of this approach, the preliminary results suggest the feasibility of the modified habit reversal technique for treating nervous habits in children in pediatric office settings. PMID:7153370

  6. Attitudes toward homosexual activity and gays as friends: A national survey of heterosexual 15? to 19?year?old males

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William Marsiglio

    1993-01-01

    Heterosexual adolescent males’ negative attitudes toward gays were examined using data from a 1988 national survey of male youth 15 to 19 years of age. Results indicated that the vast majority of young males, 89%, found sex between two men “disgusting,” and only 12% felt confident that they could befriend a gay person. Multivariate analyses revealed, as expected, that respondents

  7. Operative management of traumatic cervical spine distraction and complete cord transection in a 3-year-old patient.

    PubMed

    Davern, Monica Salazar; Garg, Sumeet; Hankinson, Todd C

    2015-02-01

    This report describes the presentation and operative treatment of a 3-year-old boy who survived a motor vehicle accident that resulted in a C6-7 distraction injury, complete avulsion of the spinal cord, and gross spinal instability. Only 5%-10% of all spinal cord and vertebral column injuries occur in children. Survival after such an injury is exceptionally rare in very young patients and is associated with severe neurological deficits. The authors discuss the substantial ethical challenges involved in the care of a patient with this injury. To their knowledge, only two other cases of survival have been reported in pediatric patients following motor vehicle trauma resulting in complete injury to the lower cervical spinal cord. PMID:25415253

  8. Repair of a large main pulmonary artery aneurysm in a 71-year-old Jehovah's Witness patient.

    PubMed

    Henn, Lucas W; Esmailian, Fardad

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rarely reported and poorly studied entity; most mentions in the literature are in case series and case reports. Cardiac surgery in Jehovah's Witness patients is occurring more frequently because of improved techniques of blood conservation. We report the repair of a large pulmonary artery aneurysm in a 71-year-old woman who was a Jehovah's Witness. Using total cardiopulmonary bypass, we replaced the main pulmonary artery and both branches with Gelweave tube-grafts, because the fragility of a homograft presented possible bleeding problems. The patient recovered rapidly, and her symptoms were greatly improved. We think that a patient's status as a Jehovah's Witness need not preclude potentially life-saving cardiac operations. PMID:23914038

  9. Bee sting envenomation resulting in gross haematuria in an eight-year-old Nigerian male with sickle cell anaemia: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Odinaka, Kelechi Kenneth; Achigbu, Kingsley; Ike, Ifeanyi; Iregbu, Francis

    2015-01-01

    Gross haematuria is an unusual complication of Honey bee stings. Herein, we report a rare case of gross haematuria following multiple honeybees stings in an 8-year-old Nigerian child with sickle cell anaemia. The patient had evidence of massive intravascular haemolysis and was transfused with a unit of fresh whole blood. However, he died within 36 hours on admission despite medical intervention. PMID:25657498

  10. Normal Life Expectancy for Paraganglioma Patients: A 50-Year-Old Cohort Revisited

    PubMed Central

    de Flines, Jeanette; Jansen, Jeroen; Elders, Reinier; Siemers, Maaike; Vriends, Annette; Hes, Frederik; Bayley, Jean-Pierre; van der Mey, Andel; Corssmit, Eleonora

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the long-term survival of patients with a paraganglioma of the head and neck compared with the survival of the general Dutch population. This historic cohort study was conducted using nationwide historical data of paraganglioma patients. We retrieved a cohort of 86 patients diagnosed with a paraganglioma of the head and neck between 1945 and 1960 in the Netherlands. Dates of death were retrieved from the national bureau of genealogy. Survival after diagnosis was compared with age and sex adjusted survival in the general population, by means of Wilcoxon signed rank test and Kaplan-Meier actuarial survival curves. Although surgery had more complications in the studied era than today and the death of five patients with carotid body tumors caused immediate excess mortality, the survival of the followed cohort was not significantly reduced if compared with the general population. Paragangliomas of the head and neck do not reduce life expectancy. PMID:22547965

  11. Condom use behaviours among 18–24 year-old urban African American males: a qualitative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. B. Kennedy; S. Nolen; J. Applewhite; E. Waiters; J. Vanderhoff

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot project was to develop, administer and assess a brief male-focused and behavioural-driven condom promotion programme for young adult African American males in an urban setting. To achieve the aims of this study, linkages with local community centres were initially fostered and both quantitative and qualitative research methods were employed. Based on relevant tenets of the

  12. Life-Threatening Abnormal Behavior Incidence in 10–19 Year Old Patients Administered Neuraminidase Inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Nakamura, Yuuki; Sugawara, Tamie; Ohkusa, Yasushi; Taniguchi, Kiyosu; Miyazaki, Chiaki; Momoi, Mariko; Okabe, Nobuhiko

    2015-01-01

    Much discussion has surrounded the association between the administration of neuraminidase inhibitors (NI) and severe abnormal behaviors, including sudden running away and jumping from a high place, which can be life-threatening if no one intervenes. Using data on the number of abnormal behaviors and patients who had been prescribed NI in Japan, we calculated the incidence rate of severe abnormal behaviors among influenza patients who had been prescribed NI. Then, we evaluated the relative risk between the four types of NI on severe abnormal behavior. We found no significant difference in the incidence rates of abnormal behavior by the type of NI. Results implicate that the current policy of package inserts, which warn physicians that patients who were administered ANY type of NI might exhibit abnormal behavior, seems to be appropriate. PMID:26132729

  13. Cobalamin F disease detected by newborn screening and follow-up on a 14-year-old patient.

    PubMed

    Oladipo, Olajumoke; Rosenblatt, David S; Watkins, David; Miousse, Isabelle Racine; Sprietsma, Laurie; Dietzen, Dennis J; Shinawi, Marwan

    2011-12-01

    The cobalamin F (cblF) defect is caused by disturbed lysosomal release of cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) into the cytoplasm caused by mutations in the LMBRD1 gene. We present the clinical and biochemical characterization of a patient with newly diagnosed cblF disease and a follow-up on a 14-year-old patient. The new patient presented with elevation of propionyl carnitine found on a newborn screen. The patient was small for gestational age, exhibited dysmorphic features and mild developmental delay, and had trigonocephaly and ventricular septal defect. There was biochemical normalization and clinical improvement within 3 weeks of parenteral cobalamin treatment. The other patient presented at 4 weeks of life with failure to thrive and feeding difficulties. She was treated only with monthly cyanocobalamin shots. The patient has never experienced metabolic decompensation. She had short stature and was an average student with no behavioral concerns. Her metabolic derangements normalized after switching to weekly hydroxycobalamin. The available data on 14 patients with confirmed cblF disease suggest variability in age of onset, presenting symptoms, response to treatment, and long-term complications. Common clinical findings include small for gestational age, feeding difficulties, growth failure, and developmental delays. Some patients have congenital heart defects, dysmorphic features, and other congenital anomalies. PMID:22065268

  14. Perinatal care for incarcerated patients: a 25-year-old woman pregnant in jail.

    PubMed

    Clarke, Jennifer G; Adashi, Eli Y

    2011-03-01

    More than 6 million men and 1 million women are under US correctional control, be it jail, prison, probation, or parole. On any given day, about 250,000 women and adolescent girls are behind bars, a number well in excess of those documented for all other sovereign nations. Moreover, women and girls represent the fastest-growing segment of the prison and jail populations. Approximately 75% of these women are mothers of minor children (leaving 200,000 children "motherless") and as many as 10,000 may be pregnant. Primarily designed for male offenders, the US correctional system is struggling to meet the specialized needs of its female inmates. Although incarceration during pregnancy is both stressful and dehumanizing, most studies paradoxically document better outcomes for pregnancies managed behind bars than for women of similar socioeconomic status whose pregnancies are managed in the community. Using the case of Ms A as a springboard for discussion, the issues, benefits, and challenges of caring for an incarcerated pregnant woman are addressed, as is the importance of family planning services to those about to be released. PMID:21304069

  15. Unprotected Left Main Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in a 108-Year-Old Patient

    PubMed Central

    Rahman, Afzalur

    2014-01-01

    With the increase in life expectancy, the proportion of very elderly people is increasing. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is an important cause of mortality and morbidity in this age group, for which myocardial revascularization is often indicated. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the very elderly bears the inherent risks of complications and mortality, but the potential benefits may outweigh these risks. A number of observational studies, registries, and few randomized controlled trials have shown the safety and feasibility of PCI in octogenarians and nonagenarians. However, PCI is only rarely done in centenarians; so, the outcome of percutaneous coronary revascularization in this age group is largely unknown. PCI in a centenarian with complex CAD is described here; the patient presented with unstable angina despite optimum medical therapy, and surgery was declined. Good angiographic success was followed by non-cardiac complications, which were managed with a multidisciplinary approach. PMID:24653741

  16. Appendectomy during the third trimester of pregnancy in a 27-year old patient: case report of a "near miss" complication

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    The management of acute appendicitis during pregnancy is not fully established, especially regarding the choice between open and laparoscopic surgery during the third trimester. We report herein the case of a major uterine variecele hemorrhage during a laparoscopic appendectomy in a 27-year old pregnant patient at 33 weeks of amenorrhea. After conversion to a Pfannenstiel incision, the baby was delivered, the bleeding stopped and the appendectomy completed. While both mother and child fully recovered, this «near miss» complication underlines the challenges linked to the management of acute appendicitis during pregnancy. Based on a literature review, we propose an algorithm favoring the laparoscopic approach during the first and second trimesters, and the open approach during the third trimester (especially after the 26th week of amenorrhea). In case of unclear pre-operative diagnosis, a laparoscopy should be conducted even during the third trimester with a Mc Burney conversion when the diagnosis of appendicitis is confirmed. PMID:21575272

  17. Recurrent small bowel obstruction in a 60-year-old celiac patient: a rare entity of a common disease

    PubMed Central

    Har-Noy, Ofir; Amitai, Michal; Carter, Dan

    2014-01-01

    AbstractA 60-year-old woman with a medical history of celiac disease was evaluated due to recurrent episodes of small bowel obstruction. Upper and lower endoscopies were normal. The small bowel pathology consisted of celiac disease, and the anti-endomysial antibody was positive. Dilatation of small bowel loops was demonstrated on abdominal computed tomography. Further evaluation was conducted using video capsule endoscopy that demonstrated regional narrowing and severe ulceration in the middle of the small bowel. Upper and lower double balloon endoscopies failed to demonstrate the lesion. On explorative laparotomy a small bowel mass in the proximal ileum was excised. Pathology revealed ulcerated, well to moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma without regional nodal involvement. We discuss the etiology and treatment of small bowel carcinoma. This case emphasizes that a high level of suspicion is required in order to diagnose early stage small bowel adenocarcinoma in celiac patients. PMID:24733274

  18. Preoperative FeNO as a screening indicator of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery in patients over 60?years old.

    PubMed

    Pi, Xin; Wang, Changsong; Li, Yue; Zheng, Juanjuan; Cui, Yinghua; Guo, Lei; Lin, Ziwei; Zhang, Xin; Li, Enyou

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of pulmonary complications after abdominal surgery is higher than that of cardiac complications. The perioperative factors currently used to assess the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) are imperfect. FeNO is a marker of respiratory system disease related to the airway inflammatory response and bronchial hyperresponsiveness; it may be a new indicator to screen PPCs. A total of 162 patients over 60?years old scheduled for major abdominal surgery under general anesthesia were chosen to measure their preoperative FeNO level. Statistical analyses including the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and general linear regression were used to analyze the relationships of FeNO with PPCs and other parameters. The medians and quartiles of preoperative FeNO were 14.33 (9.67-21.10) ppb; the geometric mean was 14.25 ppb. Preoperative FeNO correlated to age (P??patients over 60?years old undergoing abdominal surgery with a lower probability to suffer PPCs whoes FeNO values less than 30.2?ppb. PMID:25992977

  19. Death after an accidental fall of a 101 year old hospitalized patient. Medico-legal implication of falling in geriatrics

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The case presented by the authors gives the opportunity to discuss the medico-legal issues related to lack of prevention of falls in elderly hospitalized patients. Case presentation A 101 year old Caucasian female was admitted to a surgery division for evaluation of abdominal pain of uncertain origin. During hospitalization, after bilateral bed rails were raised, she fell and reported a femoral fracture. Before surgical treatment of the fracture, scheduled for the day after injury, the patient reported a slight reduction in hemoglobin. She received blood transfusion but her general condition suddenly worsened; heart failure was observed and pulseless electrical activity was documented. The patient died 1 day after the fall. Patient relatives requested a judicial evaluation of the case. The case was studied with a methodological approach based on the following steps: 1) examination of clinical records; 2) autopsy; 3) evaluation of clinicians’ behavior, in the light of necroscopic findings and a review of the literature. Conclusions The case shows that an accurate evaluation of clinical and environmental risk factors should be always performed at the moment of admission also in surgery divisions. A multidisciplinary approach is always recommended also with the involvement of the family members. In some cases, as in this one a fall of the patient is expectable but not always avoidable. Physical restraint use should be avoided when not necessary and used only if there are no practical alternatives. PMID:23173622

  20. A 16YearOld Male with Noonan’s Syndrome Develops Progressive Scoliosis and Deteriorating Gait

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert A. Sanford; Robin Bowman; Tadanori Tomita; Guillermo De Leon; Peter Palka

    1999-01-01

    Robin Bowman, MD: This is a male aged 16˝ years, with a complex past medical history involving multiple diagnoses, who was admitted for work-up after presenting with decreased muscle function in his lower extremities, requiring assistance to walk, and decreased endurance with dyspnea. He was born at full term via a normal vaginal delivery. He is a second twin of

  1. Chiropractic Management of a 46-Year-Old Type 1 Diabetic Patient with Upper Crossed Syndrome and Adhesive Capsulitis

    PubMed Central

    Valli, Joseph

    2004-01-01

    Abstract Objective To discuss the treatment of a patient with type 1 diabetes presenting with chronic neck and shoulder pain by using chiropractic manipulation and an active rehabilitation program with emphasis on correcting postural imbalances. Clinical Features A 46-year-old insulin dependant (type1) diabetic female presented with neck and right shoulder pain of 6 to 8 months duration. Her history included similar left-sided complaints 2 years prior at which time she underwent 3 months of rehabilitation at a local medical center, which improved her condition. Over time her pain resolved but the residuals of restricted left shoulder range of motion remained. The patient had postural changes consisting of forward head posture, rounded shoulders and internally rotated arms. Intervention and Outcome Treatment included spinal manipulation, ultrasound and active rehabilitation consisting of at home exercises initially and followed with in office low-tech rehabilitation. Rehabilitation was primarily aimed at improving postural abnormalities, muscle imbalances and abnormal movement patterns. The patient improved with this course of treatment. Conclusion Chiropractic care including active rehabilitation may be helpful in treating diabetic patients suffering from chronic neck and shoulder problems. PMID:19674636

  2. Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorder Symptomatology: A Latent Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of Moderating Variables in 18-to-28-Year-Old Males.

    PubMed

    Dakanalis, Antonios; Favagrossa, Laura; Clerici, Massimo; Prunas, Antonio; Colmegna, Fabrizia; Zanetti, M Assunta; Riva, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT. Although body dissatisfaction is recognized as the strongest risk factor for eating disturbances, a majority of young males are body dissatisfied, but do not concomitantly report severe levels of eating disorder symptomatology. The present investigation was designed to examine five theoretically relevant variables (i.e., body checking, emotional dysregulation, perfectionism, insecure-anxious attachment, and self-esteem) as potential moderators of the relationship between body dissatisfaction and two critical components of male eating disorder symptomatology: drive for muscularity and bulimic behaviors. Data collected from 551 Italian males between 18 and 28 years old were analyzed using latent structural equation modeling. The authors found that emotional dysregulation, body checking, insecure-anxious attachment and perfectionism intensified the relationship between body dissatisfaction and each criterion variable representing male eating disorder symptomatology; the interactions accounted respectively for an additional 2%, 7%, 4% and 5% of variance in drive for muscularity and for an additional 6%, 4%, 5%, and 2% of the variance in bulimic behaviors. By contrast self-esteem weakened this relationship and the interactions accounted for an additional 3% of the variance in both drive for muscularity and bulimic behaviors. Implications of these findings for prevention and treatment of male eating disturbances are discussed. PMID:25495164

  3. Quantification of biological tissue and construction of patient equivalent phantom (skull and chest) for infants (1-5 years old)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alves, A. F.; Pina, D. R.; Bacchim Neto, F. A.; Ribeiro, S. M.; Miranda, J. R. A.

    2014-03-01

    Our main purpose in this study was to quantify biological tissue in computed tomography (CT) examinations with the aim of developing a skull and a chest patient equivalent phantom (PEP), both specific to infants, aged between 1 and 5 years old. This type of phantom is widely used in the development of optimization procedures for radiographic techniques, especially in computed radiography (CR) systems. In order to classify and quantify the biological tissue, we used a computational algorithm developed in Matlab ®. The algorithm performed a histogram of each CT slice followed by a Gaussian fitting of each tissue type. The algorithm determined the mean thickness for the biological tissues (bone, soft, fat, and lung) and also converted them into the corresponding thicknesses of the simulator material (aluminum, PMMA, and air). We retrospectively analyzed 148 CT examinations of infant patients, 56 for skull exams and 92 were for chest. The results provided sufficient data to construct a phantom to simulate the infant chest and skull in the posterior-anterior or anterior-posterior (PA/AP) view. Both patient equivalent phantoms developed in this study can be used to assess physical variables such as noise power spectrum (NPS) and signal to noise ratio (SNR) or perform dosimetric control specific to pediatric protocols.

  4. Condom use behaviours among 18–24 year-old urban African American males: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    KENNEDY, S. B.; NOLEN, S.; APPLEWHITE, J.; WAITERS, E.; VANDERHOFF, J.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this pilot project was to develop, administer and assess a brief male-focused and behavioural-driven condom promotion programme for young adult African American males in an urban setting. To achieve the aims of this study, linkages with local community centres were initially fostered and both quantitative and qualitative research methods were employed. Based on relevant tenets of the social cognitive theory and the stages of change model, a series of focus groups were conducted among the target population, recruited from non-traditional urban settings, to identify and further explore their perceived condom use barriers and facilitators in order to support programme development. Specifically, the topical items addressed those young men’s perceptions of sexuality and condom use within three broad contexts: general sexual behaviours, condom use behaviours, and the relationship between condoms and substance use. The focus group discussions were audiotaped and the transcribed data summarized and analysed based on those thematic topics. The findings revealed that significant myths, misconceptions and knowledge gaps exist regarding HIV/STD-related prevention, condom promotion and substance use. The findings imply that there is a critical need to develop target group suitable condom promotion programmes in order to successfully promote, foster and sustain condom use among high-risk populations. PMID:17852001

  5. Changes in caries risk and activity of a 9-year-old patient with niemann-pick disease type C.

    PubMed

    Mesquita-Guimarăes, Késsia Suęnia Fidelis; De Rossi, Andiara; Freitas, Aldevina Campos; Nelson-Filho, Paulo; da Silva, Raquel Assed; de Queiroz, Alexandra Mussolino

    2015-01-01

    Objective. This case report describes the changes in caries risk and activity and dental treatment of a 9-year-old patient who presented with signs and symptoms of Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC). Treatment. The preventive dental treatment included instructions to caregivers for oral hygiene and diet. A calcium hydroxide pulpotomy and restorative dental treatments were performed in a dental office with desensitization techniques and behavioral management. The patient was attended every 3 months for the control of dental plaque biofilm, for topical fluoride application, and for observing the pulpotomized tooth. Results. The bacterial plaque biofilm was being adequately controlled by the caregiver. After 2 years, the clinical and radiographic examination of the pulpotomized tooth showed the absence of internal root resorption and bone rarefaction, and clinical examination showed tooth sensitivity, dental pain, and gingival swelling. Conclusion. The pulpotomy prevented clinical and radiographic success. Dentists must be aware of and be able to identify systemic and local aspects associated with caries risk of children with NPC disease. Furthermore, dentists must employ stringent preventive measures and provide instructions to caregivers to reduce caries risk. PMID:25685563

  6. A rare case of delayed subarachnoid anesthetic blockade effects in a 103-year-old female patient

    PubMed Central

    Ghaly, Ramsis F.; Anantamongkol, Utchariya; Candido, Kenneth D.; Knezevic, Nebojsa Nick

    2015-01-01

    Background: The elderly represent a unique challenge for the effects of regional anesthesia, and very few cases of block onset delay have been described. Their delayed response is attributed to a number of factors that include: Physiologic deterioration, musculoskeletal contractures, degenerative joint disease, autonomic regulatory dysfunction, cognitive dysfunction, altered pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of local anesthetics and adjuvants. Case Description: In this report we present the rare case of 45-min delay between the administration and onset of action of a subarachnoid blockade in a 103-year-old female, who was scheduled for left hip pinning, for repair of a femoral neck fracture. Patient received an injection of hyperbaric bupivacaine, 1.5 ml of 0.75% (11.25 mg), with 15 mcg of fentanyl into the subarachnoidal space and underwent the surgical procedure without complications. Conclusions: Delayed responses to subarachnoid anesthesia can be expected in extremely elderly patients. Anesthetic procedures should be monitored and managed on a case-by-case basis.

  7. Relationship between Body Mass Index, Skeletal Maturation and Dental Development in 6- to 15- Year Old Orthodontic Patients in a Sample of Iranian Population

    PubMed Central

    Hedayati, Zohreh; Khalafinejad, Fatemeh

    2014-01-01

    Statement of the Problem: The prevalence of overweight and obesity has been increasing markedly in recent years. It may influence growth in pre pubertal children. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether increased Body Mass Index (BMI) is associated with accelerated skeletal maturation and dental maturation in six to fifteen years old orthodontic patients in Shiraz, Iran. Materials and Method: Skeletal maturation and dental development of 95 orthodontic patients (65 females and 30 males), aged 6 to 15 years, were determined. Dental development was assessed using the Demerjian method and skeletal maturation was evaluated by cervical vertebral method as presented by Bacetti. The BMI was determined for each patient. T-test was applied to compare the mean difference between chronologic and dental age among the study groups. A regression model was used to assess the relationship between BMI percentile, skeletal maturation, and dental development. Results: 18.9% of subjects were overweight and obese. The mean differences between dental age and chronologic age were 0.73±1.3 for underweight and normal weight children and 1.8±1.08 for overweight and obese children. These results highlighted the correlation between accelerated dental maturity and increasing BMI percentile (p= 0.002). A new formula was introduced for this relationship. There was not any significant relationship between BMI percentile and skeletal maturation. Conclusion: Children who were overweight or obese had accelerated dental development whereas they did not have accelerated skeletal maturation significantly after being adjusted for age and gender. PMID:25469357

  8. A rare case of a 39 year old male with a parasite called Dioctophyma renale mimicking renal cancer at the computed tomography of the right kidney. A case report.

    PubMed

    Katafigiotis, Ioannis; Fragkiadis, Evangelos; Pournaras, Christos; Nonni, Afrodite; Stravodimos, Konstantinos G

    2013-10-01

    We present a very rare case of a 39 year old patient with Dioctophyma renale depicted as a Bosniak cyst IV of the right kidney who was finally subjected to a robotic assisted radical nephrectomy. PMID:23811203

  9. Screening colonoscopy in 40- to 50-year-old first-degree relatives of patients with colorectal cancer is efficient: a controlled multicentre study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Markus Menges; Johannes Fischinger; Barbara Gärtner; Thomas Georg; Dietrich Woerdehoff; Matthias Maier; Matthias Harloff; Christa Stegmaier; Jochen Raedle; Martin Zeitz

    2006-01-01

    Background and aims  Persons with a familial risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) account for about 25% of all CRC cases. The adenoma prevalence in relatives of CRC patients 50–60 years of age is 17–34%; data on younger individuals are scarce. Our aim was to prospectively define the adenoma prevalence in 40- to 50-year-old first-degree relatives of CRC patients compared to controls.Patients

  10. Effect of Postmastectomy Radiotherapy in Patients <35 Years Old With Stage II-III Breast Cancer Treated With Doxorubicin-Based Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Mastectomy

    SciTech Connect

    Garg, Amit K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Oh, Julia L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)], E-mail: joh@mdanderson.org; Oswald, Mary Jane; Huang, Eugene; Strom, Eric A.; Perkins, George H.; Woodward, Wendy A.; Yu, T. Kuan; Tereffe, Welela [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Meric-Bernstam, Funda [Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Hahn, Karin [Department of Breast Medical Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Buchholz, Thomas A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Purpose: Postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) improves locoregional control (LRC) in patients with high-risk features after mastectomy. Young age continues to evolve as a potentially important risk factor. The objective of this study was to assess the benefits of PMRT in patients <35 years old treated with doxorubicin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy for Stage II-III breast cancer. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 107 consecutive breast cancer patients <35 years old with Stage IIA-IIIC disease treated at our institution with doxorubicin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy and mastectomy, with or without PMRT. The treatment groups were compared in terms of LRC and overall survival. Results: Despite more advanced disease stages, the patients who received PMRT (n = 80) had greater rates of LRC (5-year rate, 88% vs. 63%, p = 0.001) and better overall survival (5-year rate, 67% vs. 48%, p = 0.03) than patients who did not receive PMRT (n = 27). Conclusion: Among breast cancer patients <35 years old at diagnosis, the use of PMRT after doxorubicin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy and mastectomy led to a statistically greater rate of LRC and overall survival compared with patients without PMRT. The benefit seen for PMRT in young patients provides valuable data to better tailor adjuvant, age-specific treatment decisions after mastectomy.

  11. The diagnostic value of circulating microRNAs for middle-aged (40–60-year-old) coronary artery disease patients

    PubMed Central

    Md Sayed, Ali Sheikh; Xia, Ke; Li, Fei; Deng, Xu; Salma, Umme; Li, Tingbo; Deng, Hai; Yang, Dafeng; Haoyang, Zhou; Yang, TianLun; Peng, Jun

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Circulating microRNAs have been recognized as promising biomarkers for various diseases. The present study aimed to explore the potential roles of circulating miR-149, miR-424 and miR-765 as non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in middle-aged (40–60-year-old) patients. METHODS: Sixty-five stable coronary artery disease patients (49–57 years old), 30 unstable coronary artery disease patients (49–58 years old), and 32 non-coronary artery disease patients (49–-57 years old) who were matched for age, sex, smoking habits, hypertension and diabetes were enrolled in this study. Total RNA was isolated from plasma with TRIzol reagent. Circulating miRNA levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Circulating miR-149 levels were decreased 4.49-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.84) and 5.09-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (1.04 ± 0.65) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (5.30 ± 2.57) (p<0.001). Circulating miR-424 levels were reduced 3.6-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (1.18 ± 0.60) and 5-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (0.86 ± 0.54) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (4.35 ± 2.20) (p<0.001). In contrast, circulating miR-765 levels were elevated 3.98-fold in stable coronary artery disease patients (6.09 ± 2.27) and 5.33-fold in unstable coronary artery disease patients (8.17 ± 2.77) compared with non-coronary artery disease patients (1.53 ± 0.99) (p<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the respective areas under the curve for circulating miR-149, miR-424 and miR-765 were 0.938, 0.919 and 0.968 in stable CAD patients and 0.951, 0.960 and 0.977 in unstable coronary artery disease patients compared with non-coronary artery disease patients. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that circulating miR-149, miR-424 and miR-765 might be novel, non-invasive biomarkers for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease in middle-aged patients. However, future prospective trials in large patient cohorts are necessary before reaching a solid conclusion. PMID:26017792

  12. A two-year-old patient with an atypical expression of G M1 -?-galactosidase deficiency: Biochemical, immunological, and cell genetic studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. J. J. Reuser; G. Andria; E. de Wit-Verbeek; A. Hoogeveen; E. del Giudice; D. Halley

    1979-01-01

    Cultured skin fibroblasts from a 2-year-old boy with an atypical form of ß-galactosidase deficiency have been studied. With the artificial substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl-ß-D-galactopyranoside, 5–15% residual activity was found in fibroblasts from this patient. Most of this activity was in the monomeric A form of the enzyme, very little in the multimeric B form. Km value, pH profile, and heat lability of

  13. Minimum Five-Year Wear Analysis of First-Generation Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene in Patients ? 65 Years Old: A Comparison of Roman and Martell Methods

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amar S. Ranawat; Panagiotis Tsailis; Morteza Meftah; Trevor W. Koob; Jose A. Rodriguez; Chitranjan S. Ranawat

    The purpose of this study was to analyze wear rates of HCLPE comparing the Martell and the Roman methods in 112 total hip replacements in patients ? 65 years old, with a mean follow up of 5.7 years. The mean wear rates in the Martell and Roman methods were 0.014 ± 0.05 mm\\/yr and 0.011 ± 0.04 mm\\/yr when including

  14. [Thoracoscopic partial lung resection using staplers and polyglycolic acid (PGA) felts in an 85-year-old patient].

    PubMed

    Yoshiya, K; Togashi, K; Sato, Y

    1995-09-01

    An 85-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with complaints of dyspnea and palpitations. His chest roentgenogram and CT scan showed emphysematous lung and a right pneumothorax with bulla. In cases of emphysematous lung disease, it is well-known that postoperative pulmonary leakage tend to be prolonged, and that control of such leakage is often difficult. A felt-like bioabsorbable prosthesis (polyglycolic acid sheet: NEOVEIL) was used for partial lung resection under thoracoscopic guidance. On each side of the stapler, PGA strips (1 cm wide x 3.5 cm long) were fixed with absorbable sutures. We found that it was difficult to cut with the stapler knife and that the second staple line could not easily cut across the first. However, there was no postoperative air-leakage and his postoperative course was uneventful. PMID:7474581

  15. A 5YearOld Boy with Cryptorchidism and Pubic Hair: Investigation and Management of Apparent Male Disorders of Sex Development in Mid-Childhood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. S. Keir; S. O’Toole; A. L. Robertson; A. M. Wallace; S. F. Ahmed

    2009-01-01

    Background: Late presentation of congenital adrenal hyperplasia as a 46,XX disorder of sex development due to 11-? hydroxylase deficiency is uncommon. Such a case raises issues regarding appropriate investigation and management. Case History: A 5-year-old boy who had recently moved to the United Kingdom presented at the endocrinology clinic with recurrent abdominal pain. He was normotensive and had a history

  16. Delaying Shoulder Motion and Strengthening and Increasing Achilles Allograft Thickness for Glenoid Resurfacing Did Not Improve the Outcome for a 30-Year-Old Patient with Postarthroscopic Glenohumeral Chondrolysis

    PubMed Central

    Skedros, John G.; Henrie, Tanner R.; Mears, Chad S.

    2014-01-01

    Although interposition soft-tissue (biologic) resurfacing of the glenoid with humeral hemiarthroplasty has been considered an option for end-stage glenohumeral arthritis, the results of this procedure are highly unsatisfactory in patients less than 40 years old. Achilles tendon allograft is popular for glenoid resurfacing because it can be made robust by folding it. But one reason that the procedure might fail in younger patients is that the graft is not initially thick enough for the young active patient. Most authors report folding the graft only once to achieve two-layer thickness. We report the case of a 30-year-old male who had postarthroscopic glenohumeral chondrolysis that was treated with Achilles tendon allograft resurfacing of the glenoid and humeral hemiarthroplasty. An important aspect of our case is that the tendon was folded so that it was 50–100% thicker than most allograft constructs reported previously. We also used additional measures to enhance allograft resiliency and bone incorporation: (1) multiple nonresorbable sutures to attach the adjacent graft layers, (2) additional resorbable suture anchors and nonresorbable sutures in order to more robustly secure the graft to the glenoid, and (3) delaying postoperative motion and strengthening. However, despite these additional measures, our patient did not have an improved outcome. PMID:25580331

  17. Repetitive Complete Molar Pregnancy in a 54-Year-Old Patient in a Time Distance of Eighteen Years from the First Incident: Case Report and Mini Review

    PubMed Central

    Oikonomidis, Polychronis; Pergialiotis, Basileios; Pitsouni, Elina; Natsis, Stavros; Lagkadas, Antonios; Giannakopoulos, Konstantinos

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of complete hydatidiform mole in a 54-year-old patient referred to Gynecology department of General Hospital of Athens “Laiko”, with history of previous molar pregnancy at the age of thirty-six. Our purpose was to indicate the advanced maternal age beside the long recurrence distance of the disease, which was eighteen years after the first molar pregnancy. Our diagnostic approach was through measurement of serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (?-HCG) and pelvic ultrasound evaluation, and the chosen therapeutic approach was abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoophorectomy. PMID:22110509

  18. Multimodal endovascular management of acute ischemic stroke in patients over 75 years old is safe and effective

    PubMed Central

    Ghobrial, George M; Chalouhi, Nohra; Rivers, Lana; Witte, Samantha; Davanzo, Justin; Dalyai, Richard; Gardecki, Michelle L; Jabbour, Pascal; Gonzalez, Fernando; Dumont, Aaron S; Rosenwasser, Robert H; Tjoumakaris, Stavropoula

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Greater attention has been directed to endovascular recanalization of acute ischemic stroke in septuagenarians and above. Technique A retrospective chart review was conducted to include patients treated for acute ischemic stroke from 2006 to 2012. All patients underwent initial neurological assessment and non-contrast head CT. Patients treated from 2009 to 2012 additionally received emergent CT angiogram and CT perfusion. 51 patients met the clinical and radiographic criteria and underwent multimodal endovascular revascularization for acute ischemic events. Results All patients underwent cerebral angiography and met angiographic criteria for endovascular thrombolysis. 34 patients (67%) were older than 80?years of age. 23 patients (45%) received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator prior to admission. Eight (16%) patients underwent stent placement after intra-arterial thrombolysis, 10 (20%) underwent balloon angioplasty and seven (14%) underwent both angioplasty and stent placement. 21 (41%) required only intra-arterial thrombolytics. An improvement in Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction score was noted in 34 patients (67%). The average modified Rankin Scale score on discharge was 3.9. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in three patients (6%); none required surgery. One patient (1.9%) had a postoperative retroperitoneal hematoma, which was managed conservatively. Two fatalities resulted from intraoperative vessel rupture (3.9%), with a combined morbidity and mortality of 27.5%. Conclusions Multimodal endovascular recanalization of acute ischemic stroke is a relatively safe treatment option in patients older than 75?years of age. Careful patient selection by clinical and radiographic inclusion criteria is necessary for the successful management of stroke in this age group. PMID:22791182

  19. Short-Term Outcomes of Hip Fractures in Patients Aged 90 Years Old and Over Receiving Surgical Intervention

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Wei-Ting; Chao, Chien-Ming; Liu, Hsuan-Chih; Li, Yi-Ju; Lee, Wei-Jing; Lai, Chih-Cheng

    2015-01-01

    Background The knowledge about short-term outcomes of nonagenarians undergoing surgery for hip fracture in Asian is limited. Methods The patients with hip fractures who underwent hip hemiarthroplasty and open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) for management during the period from 2008 to 2012 were identified and their medical record was retrospectively reviewed. Results During the study period, a total of 101 patients underwent surgery for management of hip fractures, and the age of patients ranged from 90 to 96 years. The sites of hip fracture were intertrochanteric (n = 57, 56.4%) and the neck of the femur (n = 44, 43.6%). Most of the patients had American Society of Anesthesiologists scores of 3(n = 55) or 4 (in 44 patients). 80.2% (n = 81) underwent the operation within one day after admission; however, there were 13 patients (12.9%) that underwent surgery 48 or more hours later. ORIF and hemiarthroplasty were performed for 63 (62.4%) and 38 (37.6%) patients, respectively. Overall, the 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 9.9% (10/101) and 17.3% (13/75), respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that the 30-day mortality was significantly associated only with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (Odds ratio, 11.13, 95% confidence interval, 1.275–97.881, P = .029). Conclusions The short-term outcome of surgical management for Asian nonagenarians with hip fractures is favorable in selected patients. PMID:25978368

  20. Comparison of epigenetic versus standard induction chemotherapy for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients ?60 years old.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Neha; Miller, Austin; Gandhi, Shipra; Ford, Laurie A; Vigil, Carlos E; Griffiths, Elizabeth A; Thompson, James E; Wetzler, Meir; Wang, Eunice S

    2015-07-01

    Older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have poor outcomes with standard induction chemotherapy. We retrospectively reviewed our institute's experience with epigenetic (Epi) versus cytarabine- and anthracycline-based intensive chemotherapy (IC) as induction in newly diagnosed AML patients aged 60 years and older. One hundred sixty-seven patients (n?=?84, IC; n?=?83, Epi) were assessed; 69 patients received decitabine and 14 azacitidine. Baseline characteristics between the IC and Epi patient cohorts were not statistically different except for age, initial white blood cell count, and comorbidity index. Overall response rate (ORR, 50% vs. 28%, respectively, P?patients with secondary, poor cytogenetic risk, FLT-3 mutated AML, or relapsed/refractory disease after IC or Epi were not significantly different. Outcomes of patients receiving IC versus a 10-day decitabine regimen (n?=?63) also were not significantly different. Our results suggest that IC and Epi therapy are clinically equivalent approaches for upfront treatment of older patients with AML and that other factors (feasibility, toxicity, cost, etc.) should drive treatment decisions. Prospective randomized trials to determine the optimal induction approach for specific patient subsets are needed. Am. J. Hematol. 90:639-646, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25808347

  1. FH Tulsa-1 and -2: Two unique alleles for familial hypercholesterolemia presenting in an affected two-year-old African-American male

    SciTech Connect

    Blackett, P.R.; Altmiller, D.H. [Univ. of Oklahoma Health Services Center, Oklahoma City, OK (United States); Jelley, D. [Childrens Medical Center, Tulsa, OK (United States); Wilson, D.P. [Driscoll Children`s Hospital, Corpus Christi, TX (United States)

    1995-11-20

    A two-year-old African American boy presented with cutaneous xanthomata and extreme hypercholesterolemia. Subsequent studies revealed that the LDL-cholesterol was 1,001 mg/dl and apoB 507 mg/dl. LDL-receptor activity was almost undetectable, which is compatible with the finding of two newly described defective alleles on exon 4 of the LDL-receptor gene coding for part of the ligand-binding domain. One allele contained a 21 base-pair insertion from codon 200 to 207 whereas the other had a point mutation at codon 207. The rarity of genes for FH reported in individuals of African ancestry is discussed. 16 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Prevalence and Impact of Anxiety and Depression on Type 2 Diabetes in Tunisian Patients over Sixty Years Old

    PubMed Central

    Masmoudi, Jawaher; Damak, Rahma; Zouari, Hela; Ouali, Uta; Mechri, Anouar; Zouari, Nouri; Jaoua, Abdelaziz

    2013-01-01

    Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in a population aged over sixty years with type 2 diabetes and to study the impact of anxiety and depression on glycemic balance and disease outcome. Results. The prevalence of anxiety and depression in the 62 subjects included in the study was, respectively, 40.3% and 22.6%. We found a relationship between these disorders and complicated diabetes. The subjects having an imperfectly balanced diabetes had a higher average anxiety score than those having a good glycemic control (9.1 ± 4.2 versus 6.5 ± 3.1; P = 0.017). No relationship was found between diabetes balance and depression. Conclusion. Association between anxiety and depressive disorders and diabetes is frequent and worsens patients' outcome, in terms of diabetes imbalance as well as in terms of diabetic complications. Our study shows that there is need for physicians to detect, confirm, and treat anxiety and depressive disorders in elderly diabetic patients. PMID:23853718

  3. Postinfectious Opsoclonus-Myoclonus Syndrome in a 41-Year-Old Patient-Visualizing Hyperactivation in Deep Cerebellar Nuclei by Cerebral [(18) F]-FDG- PET.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, Mona; Levin, Johannes; Schöberl, Florian; Rominger, Axel

    2015-07-01

    A 41-year-old woman presented with acute onset headache, vertigo, nausea, and gait disorder, initially interpreted as a common cold. Within 2 weeks, she developed a severe opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome with truncal ataxia. Cerebrospinal fluid examination and serological findings suggested a recent infection with Coxsackie B3 virus. [(18) F]-FDG-PET proved to be the only imaging tool to identify the underlying pathology depicting hyperactivation in the vestibulo- and spinocerebellum as well as hyperactivation of the ocular muscles. At the clinical follow-up 4 months later, the patient's symptoms were considerably improved with only intermittent low-frequency opsoclonus. Corresponding PET findings were able to depict the response to therapy in the ocular muscles and the inferior vermis, whereas the deep cerebellar nuclei were still hyperactivated, however, to a lesser extent. This finding highlights the usefulness of functional/metabolic brain imaging to study the pathophysiology of this type of disorder. PMID:25510336

  4. Language Development: 2 Year Olds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Stages Listen Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 2 Year Olds Article Body Your two-year-old not only understands most of what you say to him, but also speaks with a rapidly growing vocabulary of fifty ... how he also is using language to describe ideas and information and to express ...

  5. Conservative care of temporomandibular joint disorder in a 35-year-old patient with spinal muscular atrophy type III: a case study?

    PubMed Central

    Houle, Sébastien; Descarreaux, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Objective This article describes the chiropractic clinical management and therapeutic benefits accruing to a patient with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder and spinal muscular atrophy type III. Clinical Features A 35-year-old white man presented at the university chiropractic outpatient clinic with a complaint of masseter muscle pain and mouth-opening restriction. Temporomandibular joint range of motion evaluation revealed restricted opening (11 mm interincisival), and pain was rated by the patient at an intensity of 5 on a pain scale of 0 to 10. Intervention and Outcome Chiropractic care was provided and included TMJ mobilization, myofascial therapy, trigger point therapy, and light spinal mobilizations of the upper cervical vertebrae. Final evaluation of TMJ range of motion showed active opening of 12 mm with absence of pain and muscle tenderness of the jaw. Conclusion This case suggests that a patient with musculoskeletal disorders related to underlying neurodegenerative pathologies may benefit from chiropractic management adapted to their condition. In the present case, chiropractic treatment of the TMJ represented a viable, low-cost approach with limited adverse effects compared with surgery. PMID:19948309

  6. 70-year old female patient with mismatch between hematocrit and hemoglobin values: the effects of cold agglutinin on complete blood count

    PubMed Central

    Ercan, ?erif; Çal??kan, Mustafa; Koptur, Erhan

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: There are a number of pre-analytical and analytical factors, which cause false results in the complete blood count. The present case identifies cold agglutinins as the cause for the mismatch between hematocrit and hemoglobin values. Materials and methods: 70-year old female patient had a history of cerebrovascular diseases and rheumatoid arthritis. During routine laboratory examination, the patient had normal leukocyte and platelet counts; however, the hemoglobin (Hb: 105 g/L) and hematocrit (HCT: 0.214 L/L) results were discordant. Hemolysis, lipemia and cold agglutinin were evaluated as possible reasons for the mismatch between hematocrit and hemoglobin values. Results: First blood sample was slightly hemolysed. Redrawn sample without hemolysis or lipemia was analyzed but the mismatch became even more distinct (Hb: 104 g/L and HCT: 0.08 L/L). In this sample, the titration of the cold agglutinin was determined and found to be positive at 1:64 dilution ratios. After an incubation of the sample at 37°C for 2 hours, reversibility of agglutination was observed. Conclusion: We conclude that cold agglutinins may interfere with the analysis of erythrocyte and erythrocyte-related parameters (HCT, MCV, MCH and MCHC); however, Hb, leukocyte and platelet counts are not affected. PMID:25351358

  7. A 44-year-old patient with a new-onset seizure disorder after vaccination against Japanese encephalitis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Seizure disorders can have a wide variety of causes. In many cases, however, the underlying cause remains unknown. Vaccinations, for example, can trigger seizures, especially during childhood. In the literature, many cases have been reported in which febrile convulsions occurred after the administration of different types of vaccines, such as the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine or the tetanus and diphtheria vaccine. Only a few cases of epilepsy after vaccination have thus far been described in adults. Case presentation In the case reported here, a 44-year-old German Caucasian man working as a soldier had a seizure the day after he received a third dose of Japanese encephalitis vaccine. Before this vaccination, he had received multiple vaccines that he had tolerated well. He underwent several drug therapies at various institutions but has continued to experience different forms of seizures for more than 18 months. The intervals between seizures were approximately six weeks in length. The present work discusses our patient’s history, including all diagnostic procedures and results, as well as treatment approaches. None of the examinations revealed a possible cause for the seizures. Since no structural or genetic causes were detected, the seizures were deemed most likely to have been caused by the vaccinations, especially vaccination against Japanese encephalitis. To date, no medication has prevented our patient from having repeated attacks. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge there have been no previous cases reported in the literature where seizures occurred after multiple vaccinations in general or after vaccinations against Japanese encephalitis in particular. Although vaccines are tested before release, the appearance of new adverse reactions cannot be prevented in all cases. Seizure after vaccination is difficult to treat. In our patient’s case, different approaches have not led to a satisfying result to date. PMID:23497732

  8. Social Development:: 2 Year Olds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Stages Listen Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Social Development: 2 Year Olds Article Body By nature, ... and they serve as valuable rehearsals for future social encounters. They’ll also help you appreciate the ...

  9. Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds Article Body Throughout her second year, your ... for shelter. She may seem to change from one moment to the next, or she may seem ...

  10. "Apraxic dysgraphia" in a 15-year-old left-handed patient: disruption of the cerebello-cerebral network involved in the planning and execution of graphomotor movements.

    PubMed

    Mariën, Peter; de Smet, Eric; de Smet, Hyo Jung; Wackenier, Peggy; Dobbeleir, Andre; Verhoeven, Jo

    2013-02-01

    Apraxic agraphia is a peripheral writing disorder caused by neurological damage. It induces a lack or loss of access to the motor engrams that plan and programme the graphomotor movements necessary to produce written output. The neural network subserving handwriting includes the superior parietal region, the dorsolateral and medial premotor cortex and the thalamus of the dominant hemisphere. Recent studies indicate that the cerebellum may be involved as well. To the best of our knowledge, apraxic agraphia has not been described on a developmental basis. This paper reports the clinical, neurocognitive and (functional) neuroimaging findings of a 15-year-old left-handed patient with an isolated, non-progressive developmental handwriting disorder consistent with a diagnosis of "apraxic dysgraphia". Gross motor coordination problems were objectified as well but no signs of cerebellar, sensorimotor or extrapyramidal dysfunction of the writing limb were found to explain the apraxic phenomena. Brain MRI revealed no supra- and infratentorial damage but quantified Tc-99m-ECD SPECT disclosed decreased perfusion in the anatomoclinically suspected prefrontal and cerebellar brain regions crucially involved in the planning and execution of skilled motor actions. This pattern of functional depression seems to support the hypothesis that "apraxic dysgraphia" might reflect incomplete maturation of the cerebello-cerebral network involved in handwriting. In addition, it is hypothesized that "apraxic dysgraphia" may have to be considered to represent a distinct nosological category within the group of the developmental dyspraxias following dysfunction of the cerebello-cerebral network involved in planned actions. PMID:22752975

  11. Vagus nerve stimulation in children less than 5 years old

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey P. Blount; R. Shane Tubbs; Pongkiat Kankirawatana; Sarah Kiel; Robert Knowlton; Paul A. Grabb; Martina Bebin

    2006-01-01

    Introduction  Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been used in both adults and older children with varying success.Materials and methods  We retrospectively reviewed our experience with VNS in very young children (below 5 years old). The mean age at stimulator implantation was 20.5 months. Two patients were below 2 years old at implantation and two patients were below 1 year old at their initial surgery. The average

  12. Acute lower respiratory infections in ?5 year -old hospitalized patients in Cambodia, a low-income tropical country: clinical characteristics and pathogenic etiology

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Few data exist on viral and bacterial etiology of acute lower respiratory infections (ALRI) in ?5 yearold persons in the tropics. Methods We conducted active surveillance of community-acquired ALRI in two hospitals in Cambodia, a low-income tropical country. Patients were tested for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) by direct sputum examination, other bacteria by blood and/or sputum cultures, and respiratory viruses using molecular techniques on nasopharyngeal/throat swabs. Pulmonologists reviewed clinical/laboratory data and interpreted chest X-rays (CXR) to confirm ALRI. Results Between April 2007 - December 2009, 1,904 patients aged ?5 years were admitted with acute pneumonia (50.4%), lung sequelae-associated ALRI (24.3%), isolated pleural effusions (8.9%) or normal CXR-related ALRI (17.1%); 61 (3.2%) died during hospitalization. The two former diagnoses were predominantly due to bacterial etiologies while viral detection was more frequent in the two latter diagnoses. AFB-positive accounted for 25.6% of acute pneumonia. Of the positive cultures (16.8%), abscess-prone Gram-negative bacteria (39.6%) and Haemophilus influenzae (38.0%) were most frequent, followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (17.7%). Of the identified viruses, the three most common viruses included rhinoviruses (49.5%), respiratory syncytial virus (17.7%) and influenza viruses (12.1%) regardless of the diagnostic groups. Wheezing was associated with viral identification (31.9% vs. 13.8%, p?patients with acute pneumonia, requiring further investigation. The relationship between respiratory viruses and wheezing merits further studies. PMID:23432906

  13. Language Development: 1 Year Olds

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Stages Listen Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Language Development: 1 Year Olds Article Body Early in the second year, your toddler will ... Teach him the correct names of objects and body parts, and stop using cute substitutes ... By providing a good language model, you’ll help him learn to talk ...

  14. Sleep and sleep-wake cycle in an 81-year-old patient with de novo ultra-rapid cycling bipolar disorder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ralph Schreiner; Stephan Mirisch; Zdenko Vesely; Michael H. Wiegand

    2001-01-01

    This is a case report of an 81-year-old man who developed de novo bipolar disorder with ultra-rapid cycling at the age of\\u000a 80. Mood was self-rated daily over a period of ten weeks; in addition, polysomnographic and motor activity recordings were\\u000a performed during a drug-free baseline period. Both depressive and hypomanic episodes had an average duration of about 30 hours;

  15. Umbilical cord blood transplantation in hematologic diseases in patients over 15 years old: long-term experience at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.

    PubMed

    Ramirez, P; Nervi, B; Bertin, P; Poggi, H; Lagos, M; Selman, C; Pizarro, I; Jara, V; Wiestruck, A; Barriga, F

    2013-01-01

    Most patients who require a sibling stem cell transplantation do not have a matched donor. In our experience, only 1/3 patients have a matched unrelated donor (MUD); therefore, the majority of the patients will require umbilical cord blood (UCB). Patients treated for hematologic diseases with UCB transplants were included. UCB selection and conditioning regimens were performed according to the Minnesota group. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, infection prevention, and patient care were performed according to institutional guidelines. We analyzed patients and graft demography, neutrophil and platelet recovery, chimerism kinetics, GVHD incidence, overall (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and transplant-related mortality (TRM). We included 29 patients with a median age of 34.8 years (range 15-55). Eighteen were male and the median weight was 72.6 kg (range 54-100). Nineteen patients had acute leukemia. Myeloablative (MA) conditioning was used in 27 patients. Seventeen received double UCB (DUCB) grafts. Median total nucleated cell (10(7)/kg) was 4.2 (range 3.9-4.9) and 4.4 (range 2.8-6.3) for single UCB (SUCB) and DUCB transplants, respectively. Median time for neutrophil engraftment was 24.7 (range 14-43) and 25.8 days (range 14-52) after SUCB and DUCB transplants, respectively. Median time for platelet engraftment was 147 (range 30-516) and 81 days (range 37-200) after SUCB and DUCB transplants, respectively. All the patients receiving MA conditioning had >95% chimerism shortly after transplant. Cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD was 41% and 20%, respectively. Localized chronic GVHD was seen in 14% of the patients. Median follow-up was 16.7 months (range 1-63). Five-year OS and PFS were 38% and 39%, respectively. One-year TRM was 42%. UCB transplantation is associated with potential cure of hematologic malignancies and our results are similar to other series. Studies are needed to decrease mortality and improve immune reconstitution. PMID:24315012

  16. 3-D printout of a DICOM file to aid surgical planning in a 6 year old patient with a large scapular osteochondroma complicating congenital diaphyseal aclasia.

    PubMed

    Tam, Matthew D; Laycock, Stephen D; Bell, Duncan; Chojnowski, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    A 6 year old girl presented with a large osteochondroma arising from the scapula. Radiographs, CT and MRI were performed to assess the lesion and to determine whether the lesion could be safely resected. A model of the scapula was created by post-processing the DICOM file and using a 3-D printer. The CT images were segmented and the images were then manually edited using a graphics tablet, and then an STL-file was generated and a 3-D plaster model printed. The model allowed better anatomical understanding of the lesion and helped plan surgical management. PMID:22690278

  17. Free tendon grafts in elder patients, a case report of repair of flexor pollicis longus tendon with a free palmaris longus graft in an 89-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    de Panafieu, E; Upex, P; Doursounian, L; Robert, N

    2014-10-22

    Flexor tendon rupture is a potential complication after volar plating of distal radius fracture. Palliative procedures such as tenodesis and arthrodesis are usually employed in elder patients with imperfect results. We report a case of delayed flexor pollicis longus rupture seven years after volar plating of a distal radius fracture occurring in an 89-year-old woman. The repair with a free tendon graft of palmaris longus was successful in terms of strength and range of motion. Free tendon grafts should not be limited to younger patients and could be used in elder patients after careful selection. PMID:25447212

  18. Diagnosis of cardiac metastasis from cervical cancer in a 33-year-old patient using multimodal imaging studies: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Hoksch, Beatrix; Schwerzmann, Markus; Puig, Stefan; Klink, Thorsten

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of a 33-year-old woman with emergency admission due to dyspnoea and fever. History included squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix in complete remission. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning of the chest, which was indicated to rule out pneumonia, revealed an infiltrative cardiac mass. Further assessment of the tumour by echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed transmural infiltration of the apical interventricular septum with a mass extending into the left and right ventricle cavities. The mass was highly suspicious for a cardiac metastasis. Cardiac metastases from cervical cancer are extremely rare. Recurrence of cervical carcinoma involving the heart should be considered even after a curative therapy approach. Non-invasive imaging plays a paramount role in investigating cardiac masses. Echocardiography, CT and MRI are complementary imaging modalities for complete work-up of intracardiac lesions. PMID:25346849

  19. TP53 mutation p.R337H in gastric cancer tissues of a 12-year-old male child - evidence for chimerism involving a common mutant founder haplotype: case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Gastric adenocarcinoma is rare in children and adolescents, with about 17 cases under age 21 in the world's literature. We report a case of invasive well-differentiated metastatic gastric cancer in a Brazilian 12-year-old boy without documented familial history of cancer. Case presentation The patient, diagnosed with metastatic disease, died seven months after surgery. DNA from intra-surgical specimens revealed a TP53 mutation at codon 337 (p.R337H) in samples with neoplastic cells (dysplasia, tumor and metastasis) but not in non-transformed cells (incomplete intestinal metaplasia and non-involved celiac lymph node). In all mutation-positive tissues, p.R337H occurred on the same background, a founder allele identified by a specific haplotype previously described in Brazilian Li-Fraumeni syndrome patients. The same mutant haplotype, corresponding to a founder mutation present in 0.3% of the general population in Southern Brazil, was found in the genome of the father. Presence of this inherited haplotype in the tumor as well as in the father's germline, suggests a rare case of microchimerism in this patient, who may have harbored a small number of mutant cells originating in another individual, perhaps a dizygotic twin that died early in gestation. Conclusion This case represents one of the earliest ages at diagnosis of gastric cancer ever reported. It shows that cancer inheritance can occur in the absence of an obvious germline mutation, calling for caution in assessing early cancers in populations with common founder mutations such as p.R337H in Southern Brazil. PMID:22004116

  20. Pulmonary Hernia in a Two-Year-Old Child

    PubMed Central

    Walters, Bryan S.; Agnoni, Alysia A.; Coppola, Christopher P.; Scorpio, Ronald J.; Kennedy, Alfred P.

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary hernia, also known as lung herniation or intercostal herniation, is best explained as the lung parenchyma protruding beyond the confines of the thoracic wall. This rare finding can be classified as congenital or acquired. Acquired pulmonary herniations are often the complication of blunt or penetrating trauma to the chest wall. This report describes a two-year-old male who fell onto a rigid post, striking his left lower chest. Imaging studies demonstrated a small pneumothorax as well as pulmonary herniation. The patient underwent a diagnostic thoracoscopy and repair of a pulmonary hernia within the 7th intercostal space without complication. In this case report, we aim to add to the limited body of existing literature on the surgical management of pulmonary hernias. PMID:25328752

  1. Thyroidectomy in a two-year old for graves’ disease

    PubMed Central

    Shakhsheer, Baddr A; Bordini, Brian; Abdulrasool, Layth; Grogan, Raymon; Kaplan, Edwin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The most common cause of hyperthyroidism in children is graves’ disease – an autoimmune disorder in which antibodies stimulate the thyrotropin receptor to signal growth thyroid gland by increasing thyroid hormone synthesis and release. It can be treated with medical therapy, radioactive iodine, or surgery. Presentation of case JD was a two year old male who presented with severe diarrhea and diffuse neck enlargement. Laboratory work up was consistent with graves’ disease. Discussion Despite maximal outpatient and inpatient treatment with methimazole, atenolol, prednisone, and SSKI, he suffered persistent thyrotoxicosis. He underwent near-total thyroidectomy without complication. Conclusion This case is notable as it may represent the youngest patient in the literature who has undergone thyroidectomy for graves’ disease. PMID:25661638

  2. Recurrent hemoptysis in a 62-year-old smoker

    PubMed Central

    Gowrinath, Karanam; Ramakrishna, Baddukonda Appala; Shanthi, Vissa; Sujatha, Gogineni

    2013-01-01

    Tracheal papillary adenoma is a rare benign tumor. We report a case of papillary adenoma in a 62-year-old male smoker who presented with recurrent hemoptysis. The tumor was located in the upper third of trachea and forceps biopsy through flexible bronchoscopy was uncomplicated and diagnostic. PMID:23741099

  3. Fatal Case of Brucellosis Misdiagnosed in Early Stages of Brucella suis Infection in a 46-Year-Old Patient with Marfan Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Carrington, M.; Choe, U.; Ubillos, S.; Stanek, D.; Campbell, M.; Wansbrough, L.; Lee, P.; Churchwell, G.; Rosas, K.; Zaki, S. R.; Drew, C.; Paddock, C. D.; DeLeon-Carnes, M.; Guerra, M.; Hoffmaster, A. R.; Tiller, R. V.

    2012-01-01

    We report a fatal case of Brucella suis endocarditis initially misdiagnosed by automated identification systems as Ochrobactrum anthropi infection in a patient with a history of Marfan syndrome and recreational feral swine hunting. This report emphasizes the need to consider brucellosis as a part of the differential diagnosis of acute febrile illness, particularly in patients with known risk of exposure. PMID:22495564

  4. Fatal case of brucellosis misdiagnosed in early stages of Brucella suis infection in a 46-year-old patient with Marfan syndrome.

    PubMed

    Carrington, M; Choe, U; Ubillos, S; Stanek, D; Campbell, M; Wansbrough, L; Lee, P; Churchwell, G; Rosas, K; Zaki, S R; Drew, C; Paddock, C D; Deleon-Carnes, M; Guerra, M; Hoffmaster, A R; Tiller, R V; De, B K

    2012-06-01

    We report a fatal case of Brucella suis endocarditis initially misdiagnosed by automated identification systems as Ochrobactrum anthropi infection in a patient with a history of Marfan syndrome and recreational feral swine hunting. This report emphasizes the need to consider brucellosis as a part of the differential diagnosis of acute febrile illness, particularly in patients with known risk of exposure. PMID:22495564

  5. Prevalence and Prognostic Influence of Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients ?40 Years Old Admitted into Hospital Following an Acute Coronary Event

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Bertomeu; P. Morillas; J. R. Gonzalez-Juanatey; J. Quiles; J. Guindo; F. Soria; A. Llacer; I. Lekuona; P. Mazón; C. Martín-Luengo; L. Rodriguez-Padial

    2008-01-01

    ObjectiveA significant proportion of patients with ischemic heart disease have associated peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but many are asymptomatic and this condition remains underdiagnosed. We aimed to study the prevalence of PAD in patients with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to evaluate its influence in hospital clinical outcomes.

  6. Pace Maker Implantation for Elderly Individuals Over 90 Years Old

    PubMed Central

    Shiheido, Eika; Shimada, Yasuyuki

    2013-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this report was to discuss validity of pacemaker surgery for elderly individuals over 90 years old. Patient: We operated on 12 individuals over 90 years old who had syncope or congestive heart failure in association with bradycardia, between January 2005 and November 2012. Methods: All 12 patients were referred to us by the cardiology department of our hospital for pacemaker surgery. We applied our routine technique: cutdown of the cephalic vein, creation of a subpectoral pocket, use of screw-in leads, and use of generators with an automatic output control system. Results: All of the patients received a dual chamber system with atrial and ventricular leads and recovered uneventfully. The follow-up period was between 1 month and 7 years. Conclusion: An advanced age over 90 years old is not a contraindication for pacemaker surgery. PMID:25649073

  7. Not 2 old 2 TXT: there is potential to use email and SMS text message healthcare reminders for rheumatology patients up to 65 years old.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Lyndsay D; Done, John; Young, Adam

    2011-12-01

    Short message service (SMS) and email reminders have the potential to improve adherence to appointments and medication taking. Within the UK, information and communication technology (ICT) is widely used with a very high proportion of people having access to the internet and mobile phones. Little is known about ICT use by older adults and those with chronic illness. A feasibility survey was carried out with 112 rheumatology patients in Hertfordshire, UK to determine their current use of the internet, email and SMS and their willingness to receive electronic reminders in the future. A high proportion of patients up to age 65 are successfully using ICT despite older age or functional disability caused by rheumatic disease. Forty-four percent would be willing to receive an electronic appointment reminder and 25% a medication reminder. The results suggest that reminders would be welcomed by some patients and extensive patient training would not be needed before implementation. PMID:22193827

  8. Trends in arthroscopy-documented cartilage injuries of the knee and repair procedures among 15-60-year-old patients.

    PubMed

    Mor, A; Grijota, M; Nřrgaard, M; Munthe, J; Lind, M; Déruaz, A; Pedersen, A B

    2015-08-01

    We validated a registry-based method of identifying patients with knee cartilage injury and estimated temporal changes in the incidence of arthroscopy-documented cartilage injuries of the knee and the proportion leading to repair procedures in Denmark. After excluding patients with diagnosed osteoarthritis, we identified 21?392 patients aged 15-60 years with a first recorded procedure code indicating knee cartilage injury in the Danish National Registry of Patients (DNRP) from 1996 to 2011. Using the surgical descriptions of arthroscopy findings in medical records as gold standard, the positive and negative predictive value of procedure codes for knee cartilage injury was 88% and 99%, respectively. The arthroscopy-documented overall incidence of cartilage injury of the knee was 40/100?000 person-years (py) [95% confidence interval (CI): 39.5-40.6] during the period 1996-2011. The arthroscopy-documented age-standardized annual incidence of knee cartilage injury increased from 22 (95% CI: 20.5-23.7) in 1996 to 61 (95% CI: 58.7-64.0) in 2011, per 100?000?py. An increase occurred in all age groups and both sexes. Only 1/6 (17%) patients with knee cartilage injury had a repair procedure. The validity of procedure codes for knee cartilage injury in the DNRP is high. The arthroscopy-documented incidence of knee cartilage injuries increased substantially during the 15-year period. PMID:25262959

  9. Primary Vesical Actinomycosis in a 23-Year-Old Man

    PubMed Central

    Ziypak, Tevfik; Adanur, Senol; Ozkaya, Fatih; Cal?k, Muhammet; Polat, Ozkan; Ozbey, Isa

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Actinomycosis can affect any organ of the body, although cutaneous fistulas are common in actinomycotic infections, and other organs such as the bladder are only rarely involved. Case Presentation. Herein we report and discuss a young male patient with primary vesical actinomycosis. A 23-year-old man was hospitalized complaining of intermittent gross hematuria over a 6-month duration. The patient underwent a cystoscopic examination under general anesthesia; an edematous, hyperemic, wide-based mass, which protruded from the dome of the bladder, was seen and incompletely resected. The histopathological examination of the material showed Actinomyces organisms surrounded by inflammation and a photomicrograph showed the microorganism. After confirmation of bladder actinomycosis, the patient received penicillin. A CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed no evidence of the mass at the postoperative 6th month. Cystoscopic examination showed complete healing of the transurethral resection area at the dome of the bladder. Conclusion. In conclusion, we believe that the gold standard treatment for vesical actinomycosis should include the combination of a transurethral resection of the mass and long-term penicillin treatment. PMID:25045573

  10. Association of incipient disc degeneration and instability in spondylolisthesis. A magnetic resonance and flexion-extension radiographic study of 20-year-old low back pain patients.

    PubMed

    Paajanen, H; Tertti, M

    1991-01-01

    The concurrence of early disc degeneration and abnormal segmental motion in spondylolysis of young low back pain patients (n = 14) was investigated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and flexion-extension radiography. Seven patients with L5 spondylolisthesis had normal discs on MRI and 7 had disc degeneration below the slipped vertebra. The parallel motion, angular mobility and centre of motion were similar in the degenerated discs and in normal discs. The present study shows that in adolescents the motion pattern and hydration of discs associated with spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are not always abnormal. The early dehydration and degeneration of lumbar discs observed on MRI are not always associated with abnormal mobility of the corresponding motion segment. PMID:1837728

  11. Anti-Ri antibody positive opsoclonus-myoclonus in a male patient with breast carcinoma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul W. Wirtz; Peter A. E. Sillevis Smitt; Jorrit I. Hoff; Bertie de Leeuw; Gert Jan Lammers; Sjoerd G. van Duinen; Jan J. Verschuuren

    2002-01-01

    .   A 65-year-old male patient developed truncal ataxia, opsoclonus and myoclonus. In the serum anti-Ri antibodies were found,\\u000a which led to the detection of a small adenocarcinoma of the breast. Other prominent clinical features were an excessive startle\\u000a response and behavioral disorders, such as anxiety and impatience. These features suggest an immune response against both\\u000a Nova-1 and Nova-2 antigens throughout

  12. Active functional restoration and work hardening program returns patient with 2˝-year-old elbow fracture-dislocation to work after 6 months: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Teperman, Lorne J

    2002-01-01

    The rehabilitation of elbow fracture and dislocation is not generally considered a mainstream chiropractic concern. The clinician who is able to successfully manage the elbow articulation will rely upon his/her knowledge of functional anatomy, pathobiomechanics, history and examination principles, when selecting the appropriate treatment available. A case is presented of an individual that sustained a radial head fracture and dislocation following a motor vehicle accident. Subsequent to receiving 1˝ years of physiotherapy for post-surgical complications (decreased range of motion, pain, stiffness and tingling to the 4th and 5th fingers), the patient was referred to a multidisciplinary clinic for a Work Hardening/Conditioning Program. This article discusses the need for active functional restoration vs. passive therapy, work hardening regimens and outcome measures. After 6 months of rehabilitation and 3 years following his motor vehicle accident, the patient has successfully returned to his previous work environment. A summary of the sequential steps in providing appropriate management has been provided.

  13. Cognitive Development: One-Year-Old

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Espańol Text Size Email Print Share Cognitive Development: One-Year-Old Article Body As you watch your toddler ... range of activities, and she’ll select the ones that are challenging but not completely beyond her ...

  14. [13-Year old boy with abdominal pain].

    PubMed

    Thomassen, Irene; Klinkhamer, Paul J J M; van de Poll, Marcel C G

    2012-01-01

    A 13-year old boy presents with pain in the lower right abdomen, showing clinical signs of appendicitis. During McBurney' incision an appendix sana was seen. Histologic examination showed penetrating enterobiasis. This was treated with mebendazol. PMID:22551758

  15. HMSNL in a 13-year-old Bulgarian girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martina Baethmann; Gudrun Göhlich-Ratmann; Johann M Schröder; Luba Kalaydjieva; Thomas Voit

    1998-01-01

    We present a 13-year-old Bulgarian girl with a new form of demyelinating neuropathy with hearing loss. The clinical and neuropathological features of the patient were similar to those of the recently described hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type Lom (HMSNL), first identified in a large Bulgarian Gypsy population. Neuropathological examination of a peripheral nerve biopsy revealed an excess of nerve

  16. Giant appendix or an appendiceal mucocele? Case report of an 11-year-old child

    PubMed Central

    Nad, Marta; Kiraly, Adrienn; Bali, Ottilia; Rashed, Adel; Vizsy, Laszlo

    2014-01-01

    We present an 11-year-old male child with an enormous appendix that was regarded as an appendiceal mucocele. The disorder is very rare and usually appears in middle aged patients. It is a clinical diagnosis. It could cause a variety of symptoms, especially, acute appendicitis and unidentified lesion in the right iliac fossa. According to the reasons, it could be just a curiosity without any relevancy or the sign of a malignant lesion with bad prognostic factors. The histopathological findings prove the origin. PMID:25598994

  17. Treatment of a TIPS-Biliary Fistula by Stent-Graft in a 9-Year-Old Boy

    SciTech Connect

    Boyvat, Fatih [Department of Radiology, Baskent University, Medical School, Fevzi Cakmak Cad. 10., Sok. No:45, Bahcelievler-Ankara (Turkey); Cekirge, Saruhan; Balkanci, Ferhun; Besim, Aytekin [Department of Radiology, Hacettepe University, Medical School, Samanpazari-Ankara (Turkey)

    1999-01-15

    We report a 9-year-old male cirrhotic patient with acute occlusion of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) due to a biliary-to-TIPS fistula which occurred 9 hr after the TIPS procedure. Immediate TIPS revision was performed and the fistula was treated by placement of an endoluminal stent-graft. At 12-month follow-up color Doppler examination demonstrated a patent shunt.

  18. Sebaceous trichofolliculoma of the cheek in a 65-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Abdou, Asmaa Gaber; Asaad, Nancy Youssef

    2014-10-01

    Sebaceous trichofolliculoma is considered as hamartomatous lesion with follicular differentiation. In this study, we demonstrated a classic histopathologic picture of sebaceous trichofolliculoma in a 65-year-old male presented with large sized right cheek swelling. PMID:25372425

  19. Author: 17 years old Idea of essay

    E-print Network

    Borissova, Daniela

    Caves Author: 17 years old Idea of essay My essay is about caves and karst areas. I deal with our work at the JZD, enviroment and importance of this topics. Places Moravian Karst is the biggest karst karst, near the town Blansko. I was looking forward to this event for a long time. A month before I

  20. 100-Year Old Adobe Building Destroyed

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    A one hundred year old adobe building in Talca, Chile suffered near-total collapse during the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. Adobe, which is made of clay, sand and straw, is no longer used as a building material in Chile, but ancient structures are still common and can pose a hazard to their occ...

  1. Thirteen for Thirteen-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Instructor, 2011

    2011-01-01

    What does it take to reach a middle school reader? Literacy expert Laura Robb recently shared her top strategies in a webcast for Scholastic fans. This article presents Robb's 13 strategies for thirteen-year-olds. These are: (1) Respect students' search for self; (2) Embrace blogging; (3) Send texts in class; (4) Take words apart; (5) Build…

  2. [An epidemiological survey of cardiovascular disease risk factors in 18-year-old males during their medical check-up at an Army recruiting center in the province of Verona].

    PubMed

    Tomei, R; Rossi, L; Consigliere, F; Carbonieri, E; Franceschini, L; Molon, G; Marelli, C; Zardini, P

    1995-05-01

    Between January and December 1992 an epidemiological survey on the risk factors for cardiovascular disease in eighteen-year old boys during call-up has been performed in Verona. The study involved 3426 subjects: 100% of the boys coming from the metropolitan area and 65% of those coming from the non-metropolitan areas. A family history of hypertension was found in 9.54% of the subjects and a family history of myocardial infarction or sudden death was found in 4.54% of the subjects. 0.18% of the population reported diabetes and 2% hypertension. Prevalence of smoke addiction was 39.1% and in this group 17.54% smoked > or = 20 cigarettes/day. Prevalence of smoke addiction was significantly greater in the boys having one or both smoking parents (p < 0.001), in working people in respect to students (p < 0.001), in boys from metropolitan in respect to those from non-metropolitan areas (p = 0.033), and among those not practising sport activity (p < 0.001). Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 130.16 +/- 13/74.48 +/- 9 mm Hg and 90th percentile was 149/87 mm Hg. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly lower in boys from metropolitan in respect to those from non-metropolitan areas and in smokers in respect to non smokers. A body mass index > or = 30 was found in 3.04% of the subjects, the body mass index being directly related to systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.001). Total cholesterol performed on a voluntary basis from capillary blood samples by Reflotron System was determined in 80.06% of the subjects. Mean blood cholesterol was 139.1 +/- 28 mg/dL and 90th percentile's value was 182 mg/dL. Mean blood cholesterol was significantly lower in non-metropolitan in respect to metropolitan areas (p = 0.033). 44.48% of the subjects had one or more risk factors, 5.22% had two risk factors and 0.67% three or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This study shows that 1) in this population of young people a significant part is exposed to one or more cardiovascular risk factors; 2) social and environmental factors affect, sometimes deeply, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors; 3) The visit for call-up appears to be important in the setting-up of a strategy of primary prevention for cardiovascular disease. PMID:7642062

  3. Anal Canal Duplication in an 11-Year-Old-Child

    PubMed Central

    Van Biervliet, S.; Maris, E.; Vande Velde, S.; Vande Putte, D.; Meerschaut, V.; Herregods, N.; De Bruyne, R.; Van Winckel, M.; Van Renterghem, K.

    2013-01-01

    Anal canal duplication (ACD) is the least frequent digestive duplication. Symptoms are often absent but tend to increase with age. Recognition is, however, important as almost half of the patients with ACD have concomitant malformations. We present the clinical history of an eleven-year-old girl with ACD followed by a review of symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis based on all the reported cases in English literature. PMID:24151565

  4. Recurrent Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma in Children Under Ten Years Old: Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Noh, Byeong-Joo; Sung, Ji-Youn; Kim, Youn-Wha

    2014-01-01

    Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in children under ten years old is very rare. To date, 18 cases of PTC in children under ten years old (including our two cases) have been reported in Korea. Here, we describe two cases of recurrent PTC with follicular variant and conventional type in an 8-year-old boy and a 7-year-old boy, respectively, and discuss clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics that differ in pediatric patients from adults. PMID:25214862

  5. 16YearOld Female with Amenorrhea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael D. Partington; Mary Ann Radkowski; Tadanori Tomita

    1998-01-01

    Tadanori Tomita, MD: A 16.5-year-old girl was referred to the endocrinology service for evaluation of primary amenorrhea. She had not noticed any breast development, axillary or pubic hair. She had never had a menses. Upon questioning, she was found to be suffering from a 7-year history of enuresis, polydipsia, and polyuria. She stated that her urine was always light in

  6. Sporadic acute hepatitis E of a 47-year-old man whose pet cat was positive for antibody to hepatitis E virus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Akiko Kuno; Kenichi Ido; Norio Isoda; Yoshiaki Satoh; Kazunori Ono; Shin Satoh; Hideaki Inamori; Kentaro Sugano; Nobuyuki Kanai; Tsutomu Nishizawa; Hiroaki Okamoto

    2003-01-01

    We encountered a patient with sporadic acute hepatitis E who had not traveled to areas endemic for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection and may have been infected in Japan. The patient was a 47-year-old male who had no history of blood transfusion or contact with travelers to hepatitis E-endemic regions or unspecified individuals. The disease presented with general malaise, fever,

  7. Fifty-five-year-old man with chronic yeast infections

    PubMed Central

    Schroeder, Nikhila; Palacios, Thamiris; Rosen, Lindsey B.; Martinez, Bianca; Browne, Sarah; Borish, Larry

    2014-01-01

    As immunologists, we are frequently asked to evaluate patients with recurrent infections. These infections can provide us with clues regarding what pathways might be aberrant in a given patient, e.g., specific pyogenic bacteria with Toll-like receptor problems, atypical mycobacteria with interferon gamma receptor autoantibodies, and Candida/staphylococcal infections with cellular immune abnormalities. We present a 55-year-old man who presented to our immunology clinic with onychodystrophy of the toenails and fingernails and recurrent oral–esophageal candidiasis. The differential diagnosis for recurrent yeast infections is complex and includes usual suspects as well as some that are not as straightforward. PMID:25295810

  8. Fasciolopsiasis in a five year old girl.

    PubMed

    Naher, B S; Shahid, A T; Khan, K A; Nargis, S; Hoque, M M

    2013-04-01

    A 5 year old girl hailing from Keraniganj, presented with the complaints of fever, periumbilical pain and vomiting. In vomitus, Fasciolopsis buski worm in adult form was identified by naked eye examination. In stool, ova of Fasciolopsis buski were also observed under microscope. Clinically she was pale and had hepatomegaly. Microcytic hypochromic anaemia with normal liver function test was found on lab investigation. She was diagnosed as a case of Fasciolopsiasis and treated with Praziquantel and on follow up visit she was found to be free of symptom. PMID:23715369

  9. Interstitial lung disease preceding primary biliary cirrhosis in a male patient.

    PubMed

    Franco, I; Dubini, A; Piciucchi, S; Casoni, G; Poletti, V

    2015-01-01

    A 47-year-old male was admitted with subacute onset of dry cough and fever. Chest tomography demonstrated multifocal areas of consolidation and ground glass attenuation. Cytological analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage revealed lymphocytosis and eosinophilia and anatomopathological exam of transbronchial cryobiopsy showed poorly formed non-caseous granulomas associated to interstitial lympho-plasmocitary infiltrate. The diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous lung disease (GLD) was assumed and the patient started oral prednisolone, presenting clinical, functional and radiological improvement. Two years later, the patient was diagnosed with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). At this time, it was possible to associate GLD with the autoimmune hepatobiliary disease. Clinical, epidemiological and pathological aspects of this uncommon case of interstitial lung disease as first presentation of PBC in a male patient are discussed. PMID:25998779

  10. Traumatic Dental Injuries Among 12-15-Year-Old-School Children in Panchkula

    PubMed Central

    Chopra, Amandeep; Lakhanpal, Manav; Rao, NC; Gupta, Nidhi; Vashisth, Shelja

    2014-01-01

    Background: Traumatic dental injury (TDI) in children and adolescents has become one of the most serious dental public health problems. Despite such a high prevalence of dental trauma, very less attention has been paid to TDI, its etiology, and prevention. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anterior tooth traumatic dental injuries in 12-15-year-old school children of Panchkula district, India, and to find any correlation with the cause, gender, extent of overbite as well as over-jet, and previous treatment. Patients and Methods: A multistage sample of 12-15-year-old school children (n = 810) in Panchkula district, Haryana, was selected. The children were screened using WHO criteria for oral examination and a trained dental surgeon examined the children. Those with clinical TDI were examined further for the type of traumatic injuries using Elis classification modified by Holland. Overjet and overbite were recorded. After examination, questions regarding the cause of trauma and its treatment were asked. Data were subjected to statistical analysis using the Chi square and Mantel-Haenszel tests by SPSS version 20.0. Results: The results showed that out of 810 children, 86 (10.2 %) had TDI. Males had higher prevalence of trauma than females (P < 0.05). The common cause of trauma was fall (51.11%) followed by sports injuries (41.86%). Enamel-dentin fracture without pulpal involvement was the most common type of trauma and the most frequent involved teeth were maxillary central incisors. A significant association was observed between overjet and overbite and trauma. Only 3.5% of the children affected with trauma had received treatment. Conclusions: The prevalence of traumatic injuries to permanent incisors in 12-15-year-old Panchkula school children was relatively high. TDI was associated with gender, overjet, and lip competence. There was a great unmet treatment need. PMID:25032172

  11. Acoustic emphasis in four year olds

    PubMed Central

    Wonnacott, Elizabeth; Watson, Duane G.

    2008-01-01

    Acoustic emphasis may convey a range of subtle discourse distinctions, yet little is known about how this complex ability develops in children. This paper presents a first investigation of the factors which influence the production of acoustic prominence in young children’s spontaneous speech. In a production experiment, SVO sentences were elicited from 4 year olds who were asked to describe events in a video. Children were found to place more acoustic prominence both on ‘new’ words and on words which were ‘given’ but had shifted to a more accessible position within the discourse. This effect of accessibility concurs with recent studies of adult speech (Dahan, Tanenhaus, & Chambers, 2002, Watson, Arnold & Tanenhaus 2005). We conclude that, by age four, children show appropriate, adult-like use of acoustic prominence, suggesting sensitivity to a variety of discourse distinctions. PMID:18070621

  12. 60-year old woman with extra-axial frontal mass.

    PubMed

    Arakaki, Naomi; Riudavets, Miguel A; Cervio, Andrés; Ferreira, Marcelo; Sevlever, Gustavo

    2009-01-01

    We describe a 60 year-old woman presenting with visual loss of her left eye. No lymphadenopathies, fever, or weight loss were detected. Neuroimaging studies revealed an extra-axial mass along the posterior aspect of the left optic nerve. The mass was resected and showed xanthomatous histiocytes that were positive for CD-68, occasionally positive for S-100, and negative for CD-1. The lesion was diagnosed as Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) affecting the CNS. The patient is under systemic evaluation in order to discover other ECD lesions. Microscopic findings and differential diagnoses are discussed. PMID:19076782

  13. Malignant lymphoma of the breast in a male patient: ultrasound imaging features.

    PubMed

    Ikeda, Tatsuhiko; Bando, Hiroko; Iguchi, Akiko; Tanaka, Yuko; Tohno, Eriko; Hara, Hisato

    2015-03-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the breast is a rare disease. Herein, we report a rare case of secondary involvement of the breast by NHL in a male patient and the ultrasound imaging findings. A 70-year-old man noticed an induration of the subareolar region of the right breast. He had been diagnosed as having mantle cell lymphoma 5 years before and treated with several series of chemoradiotherapy. On supine examination, palpation revealed bilateral breast enlargement, but detection of a lump was difficult. Ultrasonography showed a hypoechoic non-mass image-forming lesion in the subareolar region of the right breast. The final pathological diagnosis was recurrence of mantle cell lymphoma in the right breast. The diagnosis of malignant lymphoma of the breast by imaging modalities is difficult because there are no specific features. Breast lymphoma should be included with gynecomastia and breast cancer in the differential diagnosis of male patients with breast enlargement. PMID:22396322

  14. Size of external genital organs and somatometric parameters among physically normal men younger than 40 years old

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evangelos Spyropoulos; Dimitrios Borousas; Stamatios Mavrikos; Athanasios Dellis; Michael Bourounis; Sotirios Athanasiadis

    2002-01-01

    Objectives. To estimate the sizes of the external genital organs in physically normal adult males younger than 40 years old, as well as to correlate the resulting values with age and a number of somatometric parameters, to provide data that could be clinically applicable by the practicing urologist.Methods. Fifty-two physically normal men, 19 to 38 years old, underwent tape measurements

  15. Multifocal tumoral calcinosis in a 4-year-old girl

    PubMed Central

    Sayar, Ilyas; Peker, Kemal; Kap?s?z, Alparslan; Bostanc?, Is?l Esen; Gürbüzel, Mehmet; Isik, Arda; Peker, Necla Ayd?n

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Female, 4 Final Diagnosis: Tumoral calcinosis Symptoms: Hard immobile mass Medication: — Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Surgery Objective: Congenital defects Background: Tumoral calcinosis is an uncommon condition associated with the deposition of painless calcific masses. It is more common in childhood or early adolescence of African-American females. Case Report: We present a case of a 4-year-old girl with tumoral calcinosis treated surgically. The case is rather rare in terms of the age of the patient and the localization of the masses (gluteal site). In our patient, the biochemical findings were normal, except for hyperphosphatemia and elevated alkaline phosphatase. Conclusions: Total excision appears to lead to a good clinical outcome and a low incidence of local relapse. PMID:24644527

  16. Diagnostic uncertainty in a severely demented male patient: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Maiovis, Pantelis; Gavopoulou, Evgenia; Eleftheriou, Marina; Tsokanari, Ioanna; Tsolaki, Magda

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Current trends in dementia research focus on early and accurate diagnosis. In clinical practice however, this is not always possible, as multiple underlying pathologies produce mixed dementia syndromes. Furthermore, patients with severe dementia are often underestimated. Case presentation We present a case of a 71 year old Caucasian male with severe Alzheimer's Disease, bedridden and fully dependent in activities of everyday living, whose general cognitive function is almost intact. We emphasize on the diverse underlying pathologies contributing to this intriguing clinical presentation and to diagnostic uncertainty. Conclusion Understanding the complexity of the dementia process in every patient using a multidimensional approach, contributes to more rational management strategies and finally to high quality care for patients and caregivers. PMID:18928571

  17. Choline associated hypersexuality in a 79-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Calabrň, Rocco Salvatore; Cordici, Francesco; Genovese, Carmelo; Bramanti, Placido

    2014-01-01

    Hypersexuality, also referred to as sexually inappropriate behavior and sexual disinhibition, involves persistent, uninhibited sexual behaviors directed at oneself or at others, sometimes associated with neurodegenerative disorders. Choline is a water-soluble essential nutrient, used as a dietary supplement in different diseases. This report was aimed at considering choline intake as a possible cause of iatrogenic hypersexuality. After an evaluation, a 79-year-old man affected by memory loss was diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment and treated with oral choline. After 6 weeks of regular choline assumption, the patient showed a pathological increase in libido with sexual urges. As choline was withdrawn, the hypersexuality disappeared within 5 days. Since hypersexuality may be an underreported and overlooked adverse effect of drugs and dietary supplements acting on the cholinergic pathway, this should be considered when treating and counselling patients with inappropriate sexual behavior. PMID:23733158

  18. The national trend of blood lead levels among Chinese children aged 0-18 years old, 1990-2012.

    PubMed

    Li, Min-ming; Cao, Jia; Xu, Jian; Cai, Shi-zhong; Shen, Xiao-ming; Yan, Chong-huai

    2014-10-01

    We analyzed the epidemiological data during 1990-2012 that investigated the blood lead level (BLL) in the population aged 0-18 years old in China mainland and provided evidence of the benefits of implementing policies to prevent lead pollution based on the dynamic changes of BLL. Data were collected through databases including China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database (CNKI), CBM disc, Wanfang Data, Pubmed and Medline. The inclusion criteria were: 1. Epidemiological study in healthy population not included studies limited to specific patient; 2. Study subject was not the specific lead exposure population; 3. Sample size should be no less than 100 (for neonatal, no less than 50); 4. BLL detection was under strict quality control; and 5. Results should be presented as BLL (arithmetic mean level or geometric mean level). 62 articles were included in this study. All the surveys in these articles contained 189,352 subjects in 19 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities. Linear regression analysis showed a significant decrease between 1990 and 2012 with an estimated regression coefficient of 3.05/year (SE=0.01, p<0.001). BLL gradually declined since early 21st century. Median levels of BLL among the three economic zones were 51.4 ?g/L in the eastern zone, 52.72 ?g/L in the central zone and 46.2 ?g/L in the western zone respectively. Median BLLs in male and female population aged 0-18 years old of China were 48.8 ?g/L and 46.1?g/L. Median levels of BLL among the different age ranges were 74.9 ?g/L in newborn, 46.4 ?g/L in 0 to 3 years old, 57.6 ?g/L in 3 to 7 years old and 55.6 ?g/L in above 7 years old respectively. In conclusion, the BLL in the Chinese population of 0-18 years old has gradually dropped in the past 10 years. The decline in temporal trend still remains under potential impacts of several factors such as economical level, gender and age difference. Although, China has made significant achievements in the control prevention of lead pollution, concerted efforts are still warranted to reduce children lead poisoning. PMID:25000556

  19. Primary Mature Cyst?c Teratoma Mimick?ng an Adrenal Mass in an Adult Male Patient

    PubMed Central

    Ener, Kemal; Aldemir, Mustafa; Isik, Evren; Irkkan, Cigdem; Kayigil, Onder

    2014-01-01

    Teratomas are bizarre neoplasms derived from embryonic tissues that are typically found only in the gonadal and sacrococcygeal regions of adults. Primary retroperitoneal teratomas are rare and present challenging management options. We report a case of a unilateral primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma mimicking an adrenal mass in a 54-year-old male patient. Complete resection of the adrenal mass was performed by the flank approach by using the 11th rib resection. Because of the risk of malignancy, follow-up radiographic studies were performed to ensure the oncologic efficacy of resection. The patient has been free of recurrence for longer than 12 months. PMID:24578814

  20. A Case of Pulmonary Cryptococcosis in an Immunocompetent Male Patient Diagnosed by a Percutaneous Supraclavicular Lymph Node Biopsy

    PubMed Central

    Sung, Ji Hee; Oh, Mi-Jung; Lee, Kyoung Ju; Bae, Young A; Kwon, Kye Won; Lee, Seung Min; Kang, Ho Joon; Choi, Jinyoung

    2015-01-01

    Cryptococcal pneumonia usually occurs in immunocompromised patients with malignancy, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, organ transplantations, immunosuppressive chemotherapies, catheter insertion, or dialysis. It can be diagnosed by gaining tissues in lung parenchyma or detecting antigen in blood or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Here we report an immunocompetent 32-year-old male patient with diabetes mellitus diagnosed with cryptococcal pneumonia after a ultrasound-guided percutaneous supraclavicular lymph node core needle biopsy. We treated him with fluconazole at 400 mg/day for 9 months according to the guideline. This is the first case that cryptococcal pneumonia was diagnosed from a percutaneous lymph node biopsy in South Korea.

  1. Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma with Involvement of the Breast and Testis in a Male Patient.

    PubMed

    Choi, Eunji; Jo, Jae-Cheol; Yoon, Dok Hyun; Kim, Shin; Lee, Kyoungmin; Huh, Jooryung; Park, Chan-Sik; Lee, Sang Wook; Suh, Cheolwon

    2015-07-01

    Here we report a case of a 76-year-old man with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with simultaneous involvement of the right breast and left testicle. The patient underwent complete resection of the involved testis, followed by immunochemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) and prophylactic radiotherapy to the contralateral testis. Following this multimodal therapy, he achieved a complete response. This is a rare case of DLBCL involving both the breast and the testis in a male patient. PMID:25544585

  2. Dental Management of a 14-Year-Old with Cockayne Syndrome under General Anesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Gaddam, Divya; Thakur, Mukesh Singh; Krothapalli, Niranjani; Kaniti, Saujanya

    2014-01-01

    Cockayne's syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized clinically by cachectic dwarfism, cutaneous photosensitivity, loss of adipose tissue, mental retardation, skeletal and neurological abnormalities, and pigmentary degeneration of the retina. Dental caries is a common finding. Dental rehabilitation of a 14-year-old male with Cockayne's syndrome is presented. PMID:25574402

  3. A case of accessory mammary cancer in a male patient and a literature review.

    PubMed

    Gao, Y G; Zhang, S H; Wang, Y

    2014-01-01

    A 68-year-old Chinese male patient was referred to the present hospital because of a right axillary lump in May 2011. Physical examination showed a rigid movable mass measuring 35 mm in diameter in the right axilla. No mass was palpable in either breast. Mammograms were normal. Physical and imaging examination of the head and neck region, lung, and upper and lower gastrointestinal tract also revealed no evidence of a primary tumor. Ultrasonography and resonance imaging (MRI) revealed no evidence of tumors in the bilateral mammary glands. Fine needle histological biopsy for suspected malignancy was performed, and the patient underwent tumor resection with axillary lymph node dissection on Jun 2011. Moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma in ectopic breast tissue was diagnosed based on the pathologic result, the tumor was immunohistochemically positive for ER, PR, and HER-2. PMID:25118491

  4. [Cerebellar gangliocytoma in an 11-year-old child].

    PubMed

    Joly, Marie; Valmary-Degano, Séverine; Cattin, Françoise; Vasiljevic, Alexandre; Jouvet, Anne; Viennet, Gabriel

    2014-12-01

    Cerebellar gangliocytoma can correspond to Lhermitte-Duclos disease, a benign hamartomatous malformation encountered in young adults. It can also be a part of gangliogliomas/gangliocytomas family, which usually encompasses temporal pediatric neoplasms associated with longstanding seizures. We report a case of a young 11-year-old patient who presented with a gangliocytoma of the cerebellum revealed by neurologic manifestations (headache, dyspraxia, equilibrium and gait disturbances). Diagnosis was made on surgical material. Tumour was characterized by dysplastic mature ganglion cells, perivascular lymphocytic infiltrates and no glial neoplastic component. By immunohistochemistry, ganglion cells expressed neurofilaments, MAP2 protein, synaptophysin, chromogranin A and S100 protein. BRAF V600E mutation was absent. Clinical characteristics, radiology, histopathology of the two main diagnoses are discussed. PMID:25499864

  5. [Circumscript myositis ossificans in a four-year-old boy].

    PubMed

    Cabello García, D; Rodríguez Fernández, A; Gómez Río, M; Moreno, M J; Rebollo Aguirre, A C; Martín Castro, A; Llamas Elvira, J M

    2008-01-01

    We present the case of a 4 year old boy with no previous personal or family history of interest, who attended the Paediatric Department of our hospital after a physical examination revealed a painful induration in the left arm which had increased in size; imaging tests were consistent with a calcified mass in soft tissues, without cortical involvement, suspected of being malignant. Two-phase bone scintigraphy was requested in which a soft tissue lesion, not suggestive of malignancy, was detected. The biopsy was negative for malignant cells. However, in view of the progressive increase in size of the lesion, FDG positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was performed, showing a hypermetabolic mass consistent with malignancy in the left arm, for which the patient underwent surgery for suspected possible parosteal osteosarcoma. PMID:18817666

  6. Neuropsychological profile of a male psychiatric patient with a Morgagni-Stewart-Morel syndrome.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Aksel; Engelhardt, Liliana; Pleschutznig, Wolfgang; Dammann, Gerhard; Vietze, Stephanie

    2015-02-01

    In 1765 Giovanni Morgagni described a syndrome consisting of hyperostosis frontalis interna (HFI), obesity and hirsutism. In 1928 Stewart and in 1930 Morel added neuropsychiatric symptoms, e.g. depression and dementia, which led to the definition of the Morgagni-Stewart-Morel Syndrome (MSM). Although mostly women were characterized in literature no gender specifity is demanded. This case report presents the rare case of a 66 year old male psychiatric patient with Morgagni-Stewart-Morel Syndrome. The patient complained of loss of concentration and difficulties with activities of daily living. Admission diagnosis was an opioid misuse on the basis of a chronic pain syndrome. In this case report we are describing clinical features, the patient history and technical (MRI) and neuropsychological tests. Although severe psychiatric symptoms and neuropsychological deficits are commonly seen in these patients, our patient showed only mild symptoms. This case reports shows the possibility of a male patient with MSM. If MSM is a separate entity or just an epiphenomena of hormone dysregulation should be investigated in further studies. PMID:25382447

  7. A male patient from the West Indies with invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast: A case report and literature review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rizwan Ahmad; Sharlon Lewis; Dale Maharaj

    2010-01-01

    Background: Men with breast carcinoma have a poor prognosis, especially in the younger age group (30–40 years of age), because most breast enlargements in young men are dismissed as gynecomastia, resulting in an unnecessary delay in treatment.Objective: We describe the case of a young male patient with invasive ductal breast carcinoma.Case summary: In November 2005, a 30-year-old Afro-Caribbean man presented

  8. True or False: Do 5-Year-Olds Understand Belief?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fabricius, William V.; Boyer, Ty W.; Weimer, Amy A.; Carroll, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    In 3 studies (N = 188) we tested the hypothesis that children use a perceptual access approach to reason about mental states before they understand beliefs. The perceptual access hypothesis predicts a U-shaped developmental pattern of performance in true belief tasks, in which 3-year-olds who reason about reality should succeed, 4- to 5-year-olds

  9. Male patient with mild cognitive impairment and extremely high P300 and Slow-wave latencies: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    We present a case of a 74-year-old Greek male who suffered from paraphasias, memory and orientation problems. The patient was assessed with neuropsychometric tests, auditory event-related potentials and cerebrospinal fluid proteins and was diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment. The emphasis on the case is on the unexplained high levels of P300 and Slow wave of the auditory event-related potentials. P300 is believed to be delayed in Alzheimer's Disease (AD), however in our case it was extremely prolonged in baseline and follow-up examinations without AD being diagnosed. This might suggest that AD is a complex and multifactorial disease. PMID:19829769

  10. Breast cancer in male-to-female (MtF) transgender patients: is hormone receptor negativity a feature?

    PubMed

    Teoh, Zhi Hao; Archampong, David; Gate, Tim

    2015-01-01

    A 41-year-old male-to-female (MtF) transgender patient presented with a symptomatic tender lump in the left breast. There was no family history of breast cancer. She had been receiving estrogen therapy for 14?years to maintain her secondary sexual characteristics. Triple assessment revealed a 13?mm triple-negative grade 3 invasive ductal carcinoma. The tumour was completely excised following a left wide local excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy. There was no regional lymph node involvement. She was referred to the oncologist for adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. PMID:25994431

  11. A 78-Year-Old Man with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and Acute Renal Failure

    PubMed Central

    Tapper, Elliot B.; Luptakova, Katarina; Joyce, Robin M.; Tzachanis, Dimitrios

    2014-01-01

    Patient: Male, 78 Final Diagnosis: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) Symptoms: Dyspnea • fatigue Medication: Idarubicin followed by cytarabine Clinical Procedure: Chemotherapy Specialty: Hematology Objective: Unusual clinical course Background: Renal failure is a common presentation of acute myelomonocytic and monocytic leukemia. It is usually the result of a combined glomerular and tubular dysfunction and is associated with a poor prognosis. No guidelines exist for treatment. Case Report: We herein describe the case of a 78-year-old Caucasian man who presented with acute myeloid leukemia M5, leukostasis with a white count of 340 000/ml, and acute renal failure with a creatinine of 7.7/dL. The patient was initially treated with leukapheresis and 3 days of idarubicin in the setting of continuous renal replacement therapy that resulted in rapid reversal of his renal failure. He then received 7 days of continuous infusion cytarabine and went into a complete remission. Conclusions: Renal failure may complicate the presentation of AML but can be reversible with treatment. Dose adjustment of the chemotherapy is not needed and the treatment can be greatly facilitated with the use of continuous renal replacement therapy, as indicated in our case report. In addition, we emphasize that organ dysfunction, even in elderly patients, is not necessarily a contraindication to aggressive treatment if it is felt to be disease-related and reversible. PMID:25184701

  12. Relapsing autoimmune pancreatitis in a 14-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Takase, Masato; Imai, Takehide; Nozaki, Fumiko

    2010-02-01

    We present a case of acute pancreatitis in a 14-year-old girl which fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and responded to corticosteroid therapy. Imaging studies revealed that the main pancreatic duct was narrow in the head of the pancreas but had been dilated in the body at an earlier stage. The pancreatitis recurred twice when the prednisolone dose was reduced to 10 mg or less but responded each time to an increased dose and has been kept under control with low-dose prednisolone therapy for 3 years since onset. Repeated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography during steroid therapy revealed an improvement of the narrowing of the main pancreatic duct in the head and dilation of the duct in the body. AIP in younger patients has distinct clinical features, such as presentation with epigastralgia, back pain without jaundice, and elevated serum amylase levels. The serum level of IgG4 is rarely increased in young patients, indicating a different disease mechanism than for cases in elderly patients. Given the excellent response of this condition to steroid therapy, AIP should be considered even in young children and adolescents when the diagnosis of idiopathic pancreatitis is suggested. PMID:20154455

  13. Ischiofemoral impingement in an 11-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Tosun, Özg?r; Çay, Nurdan; Bozkurt, Murat; Arslan, Halil

    2012-01-01

    Ischiofemoral impingement (IFI) is the entrapment of the quadratus femoris muscle (QFM) between the trochanter minor of the femur and the ischium-hamstring tendon. Patients with IFI generally present with hip pain, which may radiate toward the knee. Although there is no specific diagnostic clinical test for this disorder, the presence of QFM edema/fatty replacement and narrowing of the ischiofemoral space and the quadratus femoris space on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are suggestive of IFI. The optimal treatment strategy of this syndrome remains obscure. Patients may benefit from a conservative treatment regimen that includes rest, activity restriction, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and rehabilitation procedures, just as with other impingement syndromes. Herein we report an 11-year-old girl with IFI who was successfully treated conservatively. To our knowledge, our case is the youngest patient reported in the English literature. MRI remains an important tool in the diagnosis of IFI, and radiologists should be aware of the specific features of this entity. PMID:22684486

  14. Unexplained weight loss in an 80-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Imogen Aleksandra; Gill, Isaac; Harripaul, Azad

    2015-01-01

    An 80-year-old woman presented with long-standing history of weight loss and malnutrition, which had caused her to become reliant on the use of a wheelchair. Her symptoms were initially attributed to her medical comorbidities, however, during admission it became apparent that she had been suffering from depression and had gone on to develop an eating disorder. Eating disorders are most common in young adults but can affect all age groups, including the elderly population. The diagnosis is rarely considered in such patients and easily overlooked, especially when in the presence of chronic conditions and cognitive decline. A pre-existing psychiatric issue, most often depression, may also be present in this age group. There are no current treatment methods targeting patients in this population, who may not respond as effectively to the available strategies directed at young adults. It is important to always consider an eating disorder as a contributor or direct cause of unexplained weight loss in elderly patients. PMID:25618876

  15. Puzzlemaking and Part-Whole Perception of Two-Year-Old and Four-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montford, Emily I. Purvis; Readdick, Christine A.

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between preschoolers' puzzlemaking strategies and part-whole perception was investigated in the present study. Forty-eight two year olds and 48 four year olds were randomly selected from eight licensed childcare centers. Puzzlemaking strategies (image, form, color, and trial and error) were measured by performance in the…

  16. Bulbourethral gland adenocarcinoma in a 25-year-old man without comorbidities: radical resection of proximal urethrae with Mitrofanoff-type appendicovesicostomy.

    PubMed

    Syvänen, Kari T; Taimen, Pekka; Salminen, Antti; Kuusisto, Kimmo; Boström, Peter J

    2014-08-01

    Adenocarcinoma of the paraurethral gland is a rare tumour with no published prevalence in male patients. This report presents a case of bulbourethral gland adenocarcinoma in a 25-year-old man without comorbidities. After resection of the proximal urethra, sphincter and prostate, Mitrofanoff-type appendicovesicostomy was performed. In this case, chemotherapy or radiation was not included in the treatment as the surgery was estimated to be radical. The patient achieved good surgical and quality of life results. This case shows that macroscopic haematuria should be examined even in young age groups without comorbidities. PMID:24215360

  17. Anal phyllodes tumor in a male patient: a unique case presentation and literature review

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Lesions of anogenital mammary-like glands are rare, and only 44 female cases have been reported. Herein, we describe a particularly rare case of phyllodes tumor of anogenital mammary-like glands in a 41-year-old male presenting anal bleeding. Papillectomy was performed. The excised tumor was circumscribed in shape, and after it was sliced into sections, it was noted that there were leaf-like slits on the surface of cut side. Under the microscope, the tumor was found to be biphasic, with a bland glandular epithelium and low-to-intermediate cellular stroma, which together created the leaf-like slits. Gynecomastoid hyperplasia was evident at the periphery. The epithelium showed immuno-activity for ER, PR(focal), AR, and GCDFP-15. The stromal cells showed positive staining for CD34 and vimentin. The morphology and immunophenotype were similar to benign phyllodes tumors of breast. To the best of our knowledge, this case report represents the first case of phyllodes tumor of anogenital mammary-like glands with gynecomastoid hyperplasia at the periphery in a male patient. To make a diagnosis, we had to differentiate this lesion from hidradenoma papilliferum of skin appendage, phyllodes tumor of ectopic prostatic tissue, and other tumors of anogenital mammary-like glands analogous to the breast tumor (e.g., fibroadenoma phyllodes, periductal stromal sarcoma, and spindle cell carcinoma). While gynecomastia of male breast is usually a result of hormone imbalance, our patient’s tumor did not seem to be related to peripheral hormone status in the anogenital mammary-like glands. Nevertheless, because hormone imbalance has been strongly related to male breast cancer, hormone levels may need to be followed in male patients who have this rare malady. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1509145815899177 PMID:23531415

  18. All-cause mortality from obstructive sleep apnea in male and female patients with and without continuous positive airway pressure treatment: a registry study with 10 years of follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Jennum, Poul; Třnnesen, Philip; Ibsen, Rikke; Kjellberg, Jakob

    2015-01-01

    Background More information is needed about the effect on mortality of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), especially in women. Methods We employed a historical cohort study design, using data from 25,389 patients with a diagnosis of OSA selected from the Danish National Patient Registry for the period 1999–2009. We used Cox proportional hazard function to evaluate the all-cause mortality from OSA in middle-aged and elderly males and females who were treated, or not, with CPAP. Results Female OSA patients had a lower mortality than males, irrespective of whether they received CPAP treatment. CPAP treatment improved survival, as illustrated by the hazard ratio of 0.62 (P<0.001). This effect was dependent on gender: CPAP had no significant effect on 20- to 39-year-old males and females, but the overall mortality in this age group was small. Survival was increased by CPAP in 40- to 59-year-old and ?60-year-old males, but no such effect was observed in females. Positive predictors of survival were young age, female gender, higher educational level, and low 3-year prior comorbidity as estimated by the Charlson Comorbidity Index. Negative predictors for survival were male gender, age ?60 years, no CPAP treatment, prior comorbidity, and low educational level. Conclusion CPAP therapy is associated with reduced all-cause mortality in middle-aged and elderly males, but no significant effect was found in females. PMID:25914563

  19. Primary hyperoxaluria in a 27-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Bogle, Melissa A; Teller, Craig F; Tschen, Jaime A; Smith, Carolyn A; Wang, Alun

    2003-10-01

    Primary hyperoxaluria is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting in precipitation of insoluble oxalate crystals in the joints, kidneys, heart, eyes, and skin. Two thirds of patients have calcium oxalate nephrolithiasis by age 5 years and 80% die of renal failure by age 20 years. Rarely, the disease will present in adulthood, with the onset of symptoms occurring as late as the sixth decade. We present a 27-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease who presented to the dermatology department for the evaluation of a reticular rash shortly after beginning peritoneal dialysis. Associated symptoms included arthralgias and episodic acral cyanosis. Previous kidney and skin biopsy specimens revealed crystalline deposition, however, the diagnosis of primary hyperoxaluria was not entertained until an atrial mass was found to have the same crystalline material. This report reviews primary hyperoxaluria and underscores the importance of recognizing the disease as a cause of renal failure in a patient with livedo reticularis and skin lesions resembling calciphylaxis. Early recognition of the disease is important because combined liver-kidney transplantation may achieve long-term survival. PMID:14512927

  20. [Case of successful prevention of multiple organ dysfunctions in 74 years old patient with sepsis after Crawford surgery complicated with pleural empyema, chest wall tissues infection and osteomyelitis of ribs].

    PubMed

    Babaev, M A; Eremenko, A A; Charchian, É R; Kononets, P V; Bazarov, D V; Ziuliaeva, T P; Oreshkina, T D; Bogopol'skaia, O M; Kim, S Iu; Titova, I V; Fedorov, D S

    2014-01-01

    The article deals with a clinical case demonstrating that patient's elderly age is not an absolute contraindication for complex surgery in spite of high risk of postoperative complications. Early diagnostics, target treatment of the infection cite with vacuum-assisted therapy for wounds and the treatment of infectious complications based on individual characteristics of elderly patient with sepsis as an outcome of prosthetic thoracoabdominal aortic repair allowed avoiding multiple organ dysfunctions in the patient. PMID:24749312

  1. Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in a 6 year old child.

    PubMed

    Suessmuth, Sandra; Bange, Franz-Christoph; Gappa, Monika

    2007-09-01

    The case is reported of a 6 year old girl whose mother had multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB). The diagnostic algorithm and the pros and cons of treatment of MDR TB in a child are discussed. PMID:17868926

  2. Medical Care and Your 2- to 3-Year-Old

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sports: Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Medical Care and Your 2- to 3-Year-Old ... that often seen with an ear infection Common Medical Problems On average, young children have 6 to ...

  3. Trisomy 18 in a 13 year old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L Mehta; R S Shannon; D P Duckett; I D Young

    1986-01-01

    A 13 year old girl with trisomy 18 is described. She showed profound mental and growth retardation, severe kyphoscoliosis, and unusual ocular features including discontinuous eyebrows, distichiasis, and blue sclerae.

  4. Communication and Your 13-to 18-Year-Old

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Sports: Keeping Kids Safe Concussions: What to Know Communication and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old KidsHealth > ... games, and talking about current events. Vocabulary and Communication Teens essentially communicate as adults, with increasing maturity ...

  5. A case of premature ovarian failure in a 33-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F M; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

  6. A Case of Premature Ovarian Failure in a 33-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Colao, Emma; Granata, Teresa; Vismara, Marco F. M.; Bombardiere, Francesco; Nocera, Donatella; Luciano, Elisa; Perrotti, Nicola; Malatesta, Paola

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To assess aetiology of a POF in a 33-year-old woman and, if possible, plan a cure. Design. Case report. Setting. medical genetics diagnostic unit in a university hospital. Patient. A 33-year-old woman with premature ovarian failure (POF). Intervention(s). Genetic counseling, karyotyping, FISH study. Result(s). Turner-like diagnosis. Conclusion(s). Most cases of POF remain idiopathic. Turner syndrome can occur in very different phenotypes; cytogenetic and molecular profiling can provide a definitive diagnosis in cases with nonclassical phenotype. PMID:23509644

  7. Erotized Transference in the Male Patient–Female Therapist Dyad

    PubMed Central

    Koo, Martha B.

    2001-01-01

    Little has been published regarding male patients' erotic transferences to female therapists. It has been suggested that male patients do not develop full erotic transferences and rarely experience erotized transferences. The author presents a case report documenting erotization in a male patient–female therapist dyad and reviews current theories on the etiology, therapeutic significance, and treatment strategies indicated for such a transference. PMID:11121005

  8. V1-distributed Herpes Zoster and Meningitis in a Two-year Old.

    PubMed

    Wang, Audrey S; Ann Nguyen, Tuyet; Krakowski, Andrew C

    2015-05-01

    Since the advent of the varicella vaccine, occurrence of herpes zoster in children has been rare. However, a subset of patients may develop herpes zoster after receiving the vaccine. Herein the authors report a case of a two-year-old boy who developed herpes zoster in the V1 distribution and meningitis following a single dose of varicella vaccine. PMID:26029337

  9. Huge Mediastinal Lipoblastoma in a Nine Year-old Boy Successfully Removed Surgically.

    PubMed

    Ziegler, Alexander C; Karplus, Gideon; Serour, Francis; Peer, Michael

    2015-07-01

    A nine year-old boy presented with symptoms of dyspnoea. The chest radiograph and computed tomography scan revealed a large mediastinal tumour. A decision to operate on the patient was made. A huge 2.45kg mediastinal lipoblastoma was successfully removed from the boy's chest. At three years no evidence of recurrence was found. PMID:25800538

  10. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour in mandible in a 14-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Bhatt, Rohan; Dave, Jay; Nalawade, Triveni M; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old boy reported with a painless swelling over the right anterior mandible with missing right canine tooth. The lesion was diagnosed as 'central follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumour' and excised surgically under general anaesthesia. The patient was on a year-long clinical and radiographical follow-up. PMID:23839612

  11. Traumatic rupture of the brachialis muscle in a 52-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Costa, Jorge Homero; Marques, Tiago Paiva

    2015-01-01

    The authors report an isolated rupture of the brachialis muscle in a 52-year-old man who suffered a hyperextension injury to his left elbow after a fall. Clinical examination combined with conventional radiographs, ultrasound and MRI, confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was treated conservatively and had a return to full function. PMID:26163553

  12. Giant omental lipoma in a 13-year-old adolescent girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Auwal Mohammed Abubakar; Ahmad A. Mayun; Umaru H. Pindiga; John Y. Chinda; Sani A. Adamu

    2009-01-01

    Although lipoma is a common benign mesenchymal tumor, its occurrence in the omentum is a rare finding. We report an unusual case of omental lipoma in a 13-year-old adolescent girl. The mass was completely excised and weighed 12.3 kg. The patient is alive and well with no evidence of recurrence at 4 months of follow-up.

  13. Renal artery thrombosis and hypertension in a 13 year old girl with antiphospholipid syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P A Ostuni; P Lazzarin; V Pengo; A Ruffatti; F Schiavon; P Gambari

    1990-01-01

    The case of a 13 year old girl with renal artery thrombosis and hypertension is described. A cerebrovascular accident and a probable occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery also occurred. Very high levels of 'lupus anticoagulant', anticardiolipin antibodies as well as false positive Venereal Disease Research Laboratory tests were repeatedly shown. Moreover, the patient fulfilled at least four classification criteria

  14. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour in mandible in a 14-year-old boy

    PubMed Central

    Bhatt, Rohan; Dave, Jay; Nalawade, Triveni M; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old boy reported with a painless swelling over the right anterior mandible with missing right canine tooth. The lesion was diagnosed as ‘central follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumour’ and excised surgically under general anaesthesia. The patient was on a year-long clinical and radiographical follow-up. PMID:23839612

  15. Cosmetic clitoridectomy in a 33-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Veale, David; Daniels, Joe

    2012-06-01

    The Female Genital Mutilation Act (2003) in England allows for mental health exceptions for cosmetic surgery resulting from perceived abnormality. Similar legislation exists in other countries. There are no reported cases of clitoridectomy for cosmetic reasons or any discussion in the literature of mental health exceptions to the Act. This is a single case report on a 33-year-old married, heterosexual woman who had already had a cosmetic labiaplasty and was seeking a clitoridectomy for aesthetic reasons. At assessment, there were no psychiatric contra-indications or unrealistic expectations and the patient proceeded with a clitoridectomy. At 9 and 22 months follow-up, she was reassessed and was very pleased with the outcome. There were improvements in the satisfaction with her genital appearance, sexual satisfaction, and quality of life related to body image. Assessments for cosmetic clitoridectomy will continue to be rare, but this case may provide some guidance for practitioners who are confronted with such requests for body modification. However there remains only limited understanding of the motivation for such a request. PMID:21837517

  16. Epiploic appendagitis in a 27-year-old man

    PubMed Central

    Uehara, Ryohei; Isomoto, Hajime; Yamaguchi, Naoyuki; Ohnita, Ken; Fujita, Fumihiko; Ichikawa, Tatsuki; Takeshima, Fuminao; Yamaguchi, Tetsuji; Uetani, Masataka; Nakao, Kazuhiko

    2011-01-01

    Summary Background Epiploic appendagitis is an ischemic infarction of an epiploic appendage caused by torsion or spontaneous thrombosis of the central draining vein. Epiploic appendagitis is self-limited without surgery, and it is imperative for clinicians to be familiar with this entity. Case Report A healthy 27-year-old man was admitted due to acute right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Physical examination showed focal abdominal tenderness with slight rebound tenderness. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis and an increased serum C-reactive protein level. Computed tomography (CT) showed a fatty ovoid pericolonic mass measuring 12 mm in diameter, with a circumferential hyperdense ring that abutted on the ascending colon and was surrounded by ill-defined fat stranding with a hyperdense ring. These findings were diagnostic of primary epiploic appendagitis. The patient was given high-dose antibiotics due to the secondary inflammation involving the parietal peritoneum. Conclusions Epiploic appendagitis presents with an abrupt onset of focal abdominal pain and tenderness without significant guarding or rigidity; it is an uncommon and difficult diagnosis. With awareness of this condition, however, evaluation by CT can provide an accurate diagnosis of epiploic appendagitis, distinguishing it from conditions with clinically overlapping manifestations. PMID:21959616

  17. A 15-year-old boy with snoring and molar tooth sign.

    PubMed

    El-Kersh, Karim; Senthilvel, Egambaram

    2015-04-01

    A 15-year-old boy presented for evaluation of snoring and sleep-disordered breathing. The parents noted that the patient snored every night and that he had episodes when he stopped breathing, ending with gasping for air. He had no history of sleep walking, night terrors, tongue biting, or seizures. The patient had two healthy siblings, but he had a history of intellectual disability and developmental delay. The patient had a history of adenotonsillectomy. PMID:25846539

  18. Clostridium perfringens Bacteremia in an 85-Year-Old Diabetic Man

    PubMed Central

    Mirrakhimov, Aibek E.; Chandra, Gopika; Voore, Prakruthi; Khan, Maliha; Halytskyy, Oleksandr; Elhassan, Ahmed; Ali, Alaa M.

    2014-01-01

    Emphysematous cholecystitis is an uncommon and dangerous complication of acute cholecystitis. Common risk factors for this disease include male gender, old age, presence of diabetes mellitus and cholelithiasis. The disease is best treated with emergent surgery and parenteral antibiotics. We present the case of an 85-year-old nursing home resident who presented to our institution with a 3-day history of gradually worsening abdominal discomfort. PMID:25685130

  19. Youth, unemployment, and male gender predict mortality in AIDS patients started on HAART in Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    DeSilva, Malini B.; Merry, Stephen P.; Fischer, Philip R.; Rohrer, James E.; Isichei, Christian O.; Cha, Stephen S.

    2010-01-01

    This retrospective study identifies risk factors for mortality in a cohort of HIV-positive adult patients treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in Jos, Nigeria. We analyzed clinical data from a cohort of 1552 patients enrolled in a HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome treatment program and started on HAART between December 2004 and 30 April 2006. Death was our study endpoint. Patients were followed in the study until death, being lost to follow-up, or the end of data collection, 1 December 2006. Baseline patient characteristics were compared using Wilcoxon Rank Sum Test for continuous variables and Pearson Chi-Square test for categorical variables to determine if certain demographic factors were associated with more rapid progression to death. The Cox proportional hazard multivariate model analysis was used to find risk factors. As of 1 December 2006, a total of 104 cases progressed to death. In addition to the expected association of CD4 count less than 50 at initiation of therapy and active tuberculosis with mortality, the patient characteristics independently associated with a more rapid progression to death after initiation of HAART were male gender, age less than 30 years old, and unemployment or unknown occupation status. Future research is needed to identify the confounding variables that may be amenable to targeted interventions aimed at ameliorating these health disparities. PMID:19085222

  20. [Sexuality in children 9-14 years old].

    PubMed

    Ballester Arnal, Rafael; Gil Llario, María Dolores

    2006-02-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze sexual behaviors and attitudes of children 9-14 years old in Spain. In this article we present data from 470 children of which 52% are boys and 48% girls. In order to evaluate the sample, Information, Attitudes and Behaviors related to Health Questionnaire (CIACS-II) was used. Results evidence that boys 9 years old already show behaviors that evidence their interest towards sexuality. 8% have sometimes masturbated and 9% have used pornography for becoming excited. 14% of children 11-12 years old have already had sexual relations and 38% state to have sexual fantasies. Girls start to masturbate and to have sexual relations later than boys and show a prevalence of sexual fantasies and use of pornography very lower. It is necessary sexual education programs to be implanted since early ages in schools. PMID:17296005

  1. Two-Year-Old with Post-Surgical Hypoglossal Nerve Injury and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    PubMed Central

    DelRosso, Lourdes M.; Hoque, Romy; Gonzalez-Toledo, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    Background: Airway patency in both children and adults depends on the tonic and phasic activation of muscles of the tongue and pharynx supplied by the hypoglossal nerve arising at the medullary level Methods/Patient: We report a case of a 2-year-old who after resection of fourth ventricle anaplastic ependymoma developed severe sleep disordered breathing and tongue fasciculation. Results: Polysomnography showed severe obstructive sleep apnea with oxygen desaturation to 33%. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed post-surgical effacement of the dorsal lateral medulla. Conclusions: We postulate that damage to the hypoglossal nerve at the level of the medulla contributed to the patient's severe obstructive sleep apnea. Patient was treated with tracheostomy. Citation: DelRosso LM; Hoque R; Gonzalez-Toledo E. Two-year-old with post-surgical hypoglossal nerve injury and obstructive sleep apnea. J Clin Sleep Med 2014;10(1):97-98. PMID:24426827

  2. Differences in the clinical spectrum of two adolescent male patients with Alström syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Kuburovi?, Vladimir; Marshall, Jan D.; Collin, Gayle B.; Nykamp, Keith; Kuburovi?, Nina; Milenkovi?, Tatjana; Raki?, Sanja; Djuric, Milena; Je?menica, Jovana; Milenkovi?, Svetislav; Naggert, Jürgen K.

    2013-01-01

    Alström syndrome is a rare disorder typified by early childhood obesity, neurosensory deficits, cardiomyopathy, progressive renal and hepatic dysfunction, and endocrinological features such as severe insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypogonadism. Widespread fibrosis leads to multiple organ failure. Mutations in ALMS1 cause Alström’s syndrome. Two age-matched, unrelated adolescent males of Serbian descent with Alström syndrome underwent an extensive workup of blood chemistries, and ophthalmological, audiological, and genetic evaluations. Although both showed typical features of Alström syndrome in childhood, several differences were observed that have not been reported previously. Patient 1 was first studied at the age of 13 years for multisystemic disease and re-evaluated at the age of 15.5 years. Patient 2 is a 15-year-old boy who presented at birth with epilepsy and psychomotor developmental delay and generalized tonic–clonic seizures with severe cognitive impairment, features not documented previously in this syndrome. Sequencing analysis indicated two novel ALMS1 mutations in exon 8: p.E1055GfsX4 and p.T1386NfsX15. Metabolic and physiological similarities were observed in both patients, including severe insulin resistance, and truncal obesity with fat loss suggestive of partial lipodystrophy, supporting evidence for a role for ALMS1 in adipose tissue function. The unusual phenotypes of clonic–tonic seizures and severe cognitive abnormalities and lipodystrophy-like adiposity pattern have not been documented previously in Alström syndrome and may be an under-reported abnormality. PMID:23188138

  3. Meaning from Syntax: Evidence from 2-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R.

    2010-01-01

    When toddlers view an event while hearing a novel verb, the verb's syntactic context has been shown to help them identify its meaning. The current work takes this finding one step further to reveal that even in the absence of an accompanying event, syntactic information supports toddlers' identification of verb meaning. Two-year-olds were first…

  4. Similarity Predicts Liking in 3-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fawcett, Christine A.; Markson, Lori

    2010-01-01

    Two studies examined the influence of similarity on 3-year-old children's initial liking of their peers. Children were presented with pairs of childlike puppets who were either similar or dissimilar to them on a specified dimension and then were asked to choose one of the puppets to play with as a measure of liking. Children selected the puppet…

  5. Five and Six-Year Olds' Views of Friendship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craft, Anna

    1994-01-01

    Reports on a study of views of friendship among 20 5- and 6-year-old British students. Finds that boys and girls were able to interpret friendships as transactions. Also finds differences between boys and girls on their understanding of "bad friends." (CFR)

  6. Early Childhood Program Standards for Three and Four Year Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, Sandra Putnam; Lamana, Annette; Van Thiel, Lisa

    This document presents the Massachusetts Early Childhood Program Standards and Learning Guidelines for Three- and Four-Year-Olds, required for programs receiving funding through Community Partnerships for Children (CPC). The standards were developed in accord with the accreditation process of the National Association for the Education of Young…

  7. Triadic Interaction among Newly Acquainted 2-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishikawa, Fumiko; Hay, Dale F.

    2006-01-01

    Are children as young as 2 years old able to interact in groups of three? The study applied the family triad model first introduced by Parke, Power, and Gottman (1979) to the case of peer interaction. In Experiment 1, the model was refined for use in studies of peer interaction and applied to an existing dataset of 16 triads of newly acquainted…

  8. Localized secondary erythromelalgia in an 11-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Wu, Hui-Hui; Wang, Ming-Jun; Luo, Di-Qing; Lin, Qing

    2013-01-01

    We report an 11-year-old boy with localized secondary erythromelalgia on his left medial thigh. The episodes responded well to indomethacin and prednisone but recurred after the medications were stopped. The disease was stable after being treated for 5 months. PMID:22612394

  9. Repetitive Behaviours in Typically Developing 2-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leekam, Susan; Tandos, Jonathan; McConachie, Helen; Meins, Elizabeth; Parkinson, Kathryn; Wright, Charlotte; Turner, Michelle; Arnott, Bronia; Vittorini, Lucia; Le Couteur, Ann

    2007-01-01

    Background: Repetitive behaviours are an essential part of the diagnosis of autism but are also commonly seen in typically developing children. The current study investigated the frequency and factor structure of repetitive behaviours in a large community sample of 2-year-olds. Methods: A new measure, the Repetitive Behaviour Questionnaire (RBQ-2)…

  10. Massive bilateral nephroblastomatosis in a 13-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Pichler; O. A. Jfirgenssen; E. Balzar; W. F. Pinggera; A. Wolf; O. Wagner; G. Reinartz; H. Czembirek; G. Syré

    1982-01-01

    A 13-year-old girl on chronic hemodialysis with renal failure thought to be due to polycystic renal disease, underwent bilateral nephrectomy as a pretransplant procedure. Microscopic examination of the grossly enlarged nodular kidneys revealed a bilateral diffuse tumor infiltration which was not Wilms tumor. Eventually the diagnosis of bilateral nephroblastomatosis was established. This is apparently unique at this age without coexistent

  11. Four-Year-Olds and Public Schooling. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lubeck, Sally

    This ERIC Digest discusses public schooling for 4-year-old children and other preschoolers. Sections concern: (1) conditions presently creating a need for child care and early education; (2) the population to be served; (3) program types, including the traditional preschool, the academic preschool, and a hybrid form; (4) program sites; and (5)…

  12. Predictive Testing of Eighteen Year Olds: Counseling Challenges

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clara L. Gaff; Elly Lynch; Lesley Spencer

    2006-01-01

    Genetic counseling of teenagers is challenging and complex. The ability to think abstractly, a sense of self and independence from family all develop during adolescence. Predictive genetic testing counseling protocols presuppose that these qualities exist, requiring the at-risk individual to consider the short and long term consequences of testing as well as their motivations. Eighteen year olds are in transition

  13. 20-year-old injury: an unusual cause of stroke

    PubMed Central

    Lim, V W L; Flynn, C A; O'Connor, M; Lyons, D

    2013-01-01

    A 62-year-old man presented with a 2-day history of headache, nausea and dizziness on a background of recently diagnosed stage 2c prostate carcinoma and controlled hypertension. Imaging confirmed bilateral cerebellar strokes; on further investigations, he was found to have undiagnosed subclavian steal syndrome following severe injury to his left arm more than 20?years earlier. PMID:23606391

  14. Mathematics Skills of Nine-Year-Olds: 1978 to 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kloosterman, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Using recently released data from the Long-Term Trend Assessment of the National Assessment of Educational Progress, this study analyzed the mathematics performance of 9-year-old students between 1978 and 2004. The study goes beyond overall results by describing the assessment items and the change over time on each of those items. The data…

  15. Rhinoscleroma in a 5-year-old Portuguese Child.

    PubMed

    Simăo, Inęs; Gaspar, Iuri; Faustino, Rosário; Brito, Maria Joăo Rocha

    2014-07-01

    Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous infectious disease that is rare in Western Europe. We report the case of a 5-year-old Portuguese boy diagnosed with rhinoscleroma in the context of recurrent epistaxis. He had a 6-month course of antibiotic (amoxicillin plus clavulanate) therapy with full recovery. PMID:24445824

  16. Development of a Three-Year-Old Child FE Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Koji Mizuno; Kazuya Iwata; Takashi Deguchi; Takashi Ikami; Masami Kubota

    2005-01-01

    Objective. Child crash dummies are conventionally used for safety performance evaluations of the child restraint system (CRS) in vehicle crash tests. To investigate injuries to various body regions of a child in detail, mathematical models are useful, and provide information that cannot be analyzed by crash dummies. Therefore, in the present research, a finite element (FE) model of a 3-year-old

  17. Enterobius vermicularis in a 14-Year-Old Girl's Eye ?

    PubMed Central

    Babady, N. Esther; Awender, Erich; Geller, Robert; Miller, Terry; Scheetz, Gayle; Arguello, Heather; Weisenberg, Scott A.; Pritt, Bobbi

    2011-01-01

    We report an unusual case of extraintestinal infection with adult Enterobius vermicularis worms in the nares and ocular orbit of a 14-year-old girl in Illinois. Only one other similar case has been reported in the English-language literature. PMID:21956983

  18. Attachment and Reciprocity in the Two-Year-Old Child.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvin, Robert S., II

    This paper reported a pilot study on issues relevant to the social development of the 2-year-old child and discussed the results within the framework of the evolutionary-control-systems theory proposed by Bowlby (1958, 1969) and Ainsworth (1967, 1969). The issues examined were (1) attachment and (2) reciprocity, or the ability of the child-mother…

  19. 043. A 28-year-old woman with hemoptysis

    PubMed Central

    Galanou, Artemis; Markopoulou, Katerina; Renesis, Basileios; Karaiskos, Theodoros; Dimitriadis, Ioannis; Tryfon, Stavros; Tsara, Venetia

    2015-01-01

    Objective To describe a rare case of bronchogenic cyst of the lung. Case report ? 28-year-old female presented with hemoptysis over the past few hours and left-sided chest pain for the past four days. Past medical history was notable for treated compulsive disorder, peptic ulcer [2000] and ovarian and mammary cysts under observation. She was a smoker with nine p-y history. The chest X-ray (CXR) showed a large fluid level over the left hemidiaphragm. A year ago CXR was normal. Chest computed tomography revealed an abscess with fluid level supradiaphragmatically at the left lower lobe (LLL), with bronchiectases and peribronchiectatic lesions in the same lobe. During bronchoscopy there was hemorrhage from B9 with signs of pressure from outside, without endobronchial lesions. Cytology of bronchial fluid was negative for malignancy and antibodies for echinococcus were also negative. During hospitalization the patient was afebrile and without respiratory insufficiency. Because of continuing hemoptysis and worsening chest pain she was referred for surgery. A stemmed mediastinal cyst arising from the diaphragmatic surface of the LLL was found and it was excised with sparing of the lung parenchyma. Pathology was consistent was bronchogenic cyst. A month later the patient has a normal CXR and is symptom-free. Discussion Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital cystic malformations arising from the embryonic foregut and are located in the mediastinum or the lungs as fluid-filled formations that do not communicate with the tracheobronchial tree except if they are infected (when they enlarge suddenly due to a valve mechanism). They usually present with chest pain. Hemoptysis is rare and is thought to be due to pressure effects. Diagnosis is possible by determining the density of the cyst content (by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging). Stalks that connect the cyst to various intrathoracic structures have been described in up to 46% of cases. In our case, due to the fluid level, an abscess was included in the differential diagnosis. Treatment involves observation, fine needle aspiration of the contents and surgical excision. Due to the low complication rate the latter is recommended more often, before cyst complications, such as in our case, develop.

  20. Quality of Life in Male Hemodialysis Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Süleyman Türk; Ibrahim Guney; Lutfullah Altintepe; Zeki Tonbul; Alaattin Yildiz; Mehdi Yeksan

    2004-01-01

    Background: Health-related quality of life (QOL) is affected in hemodialysis patients (HD). A number of factors such as age, anemia, and comorbidity had been implicated in decreased QOL. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a frequent and potentially treatable complication in HD patients. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the possible relation between the QOL and ED in HD patients.

  1. Traction alopecia in Sikh male patients.

    PubMed

    James, Jinny; Saladi, Rao N; Fox, Joshua L

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on traction alopecia among Sikh males as a result of stress on the hair from wearing a turban. Treatment for this condition in such a population is difficult. Permanent removal of the turban is religiously forbidden. Therefore, the traction continues, as will the alopecia, possibly accompanied by seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis. PMID:17823469

  2. A case report of urethral prolapse in a 38 year old female with 46XY karyotype.

    PubMed

    Watson, Helena; Stasiowska, Ewa

    2014-06-01

    A 38-year old female presented with the acute onset of a vulval mass associated with pain and vaginal bleeding. She is female phenotype but has 46XY karyotype and Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS). At 15 years old she had a laparotomy and bilateral orchidectomy. Following admission, an examination under anaesthesia and cystoscopy was performed. A diagnosis of strangulated complete urethral prolapse was made. The lesion was excised with diathermy and the meatal skin was reanastomosed to the urethra. At follow-up, the urethra was well healed. The patient now attends Menopause Clinic for oestrogen-replacement therapy. We hope this case raises awareness of the possibility of urethral prolapse in younger women who are oestrogen deficient. It provides further incentive for compliance with hormone replacement therapy for patients with CAIS following gonadectomy, or other women with premature menopause. PMID:25017598

  3. Are Story Preferences Sex-Linked for 2 and 3 Year Olds and for 4 and 5 Year Olds?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Martha

    This study attempted to determine: (1) whether 2-, 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children have sex typed story preferences; and (2) whether an attempt on the part of parents to prevent sex stereotyping would affect sex typed preferences. A review of previous research discusses measures used to determine sex linked responses and the implications of…

  4. Communicative Gestures of the Hand and Arm when 4-Year-Old Sons and Their Mothers Interact.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmslie, Tom J.; Brooke, John D.

    1982-01-01

    Investigates a wide range of communicative hand/arm gestures of four-year-old males interacting with their mothers. One trained observer coded videotaped behavior for the incidence of "deictic,""pantomimic," and "semantic-modifying and relational" hand or arm gestures. Results are viewed as demonstrating the link between cognitive development and…

  5. Primary cutaneous tuberculosis in a 27-year-old medical intern from needle-stick injury: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Karoney, Mercy Jelagat; Kaumbuki, Erastus Kanake; Koech, Mathew Kiptonui; Lelei, Lectary Kibor

    2015-01-01

    Key Clinical Message The authors report a case of cutaneous tuberculosis in a 27-year-old African male medical intern who contracted primary cutaneous from a needle-stick injury. Cultures of pus aspirated from the finger initially grew Staphylococcus aureus that led to a delay in the diagnosis. PMID:25678972

  6. The magnetism of surgery: small bowel obstruction in an 8-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Clarke, R; Everett, T; Watts, A; Qureshi, T

    2010-01-01

    An 8-year-old boy with Asperger's syndrome presented with right-sided abdominal pain, which was consistent with a probable appendicitis, but revisiting the history with a high index of suspicion confirmed multiple foreign body ingestion to be the cause of his symptoms. An emergency laparotomy was performed. Multiple toy magnets and other metal objects were found, which were causing small bowel obstruction with interloop fistulation. Following removal and repair, the patient made an excellent recovery. PMID:22789732

  7. Renal Cell Carcinoma in a 3 year-old Girl: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fei-Shih Ya ng; Shin-Lin Shih; Chung Shan

    2008-01-01

    A 3-year-old girl presented with vomiting for two days. Abdominal ultrasonogram revealed a mass at the lower pole of left kidney. Non-contrast enhanced abdominal computed tomography(CT) scan revealed high attenuation of the tumor and calcified lymphadenopathies in the retroperito - neum. On a contrast-enhanced CT scan, the mass was enhanced heterogenously. The patient under - went left radical nephrectomy and

  8. Trisomy 18 mosaicism in a 15-year-old boy with normal intelligence and short stature

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-05-08

    We report a 15-year-old boy with mosaicism for trisomy 18 and normal intelligence. Approximately 50% of his leukocytes are trisomic. This patient represents the sixth report of an individual with trisomy 18 mosaicism and normal intelligence. Those individuals with trisomy 18 mosaicism and normal intelligence need to be advised of increased risks for offspring with chromosome abnormalities and offered the option of prenatal diagnosis for cytogenetic anomalies. 6 refs.

  9. Coronary artery bypass grafting in a 12-year-old girl with familial hypercholesterolemia.

    PubMed

    Göksel, O S; Tireli, E; El, H; Oflaz, H; Dayio?lu, E

    2009-01-01

    We present the case of a 12-year-old girl with familial hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease. She underwent triple-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting with bilateral pedicled internal mammary artery grafting without adverse events. Pediatric patients with familial hypercholesterolemia may present with premature coronary atherosclerosis requiring coronary artery bypass grafting. In situ internal mammary artery grafts should be the graft of choice. PMID:19341213

  10. Vaginal calculi secondary to urethrovaginal fistula with vaginal stenosis in a 14-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ben Liu; Xiao Huang; Junjie Lu; Zhigen Zhang; Ping Wang; Zheng Huang

    2008-01-01

    The author reports a case of vaginal calculi secondary to urethrovaginal fistula with vaginal stenosis in a 14-year-old girl.\\u000a The initial urethrovaginal fistula and vaginal stenosis resulted from pelvic trauma after a traffic accident, with subsequent\\u000a surgical urethral realignment and anterior colporrhaphy without success. The patient had continuous urinary incontinence for\\u000a a duration of 11 years after surgery, and was finally

  11. Parotid fistula secondary to suppurative parotitis in a 13-year-old girl: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amith I Naragund; Vijayanand B Halli; Ramesh S Mudhol; Smita S Sonoli

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of parotid fistula is trauma, followed by malignancy, operative complications (parotidectomy or rhytidectomy) and infection. Acute suppurative parotitis can rarely produce parotid fistula. There are various treatment options available, however it is necessary to standardize the treatment according to the duration of history and the patient's general condition. CASE REPORT: A 13-year-old Indo-Caucasian girl presented

  12. A 13-year-old girl with a cystic cerebellar lesion: Consider the hydatid cyst

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ferruh Gezen; Fevzullah Akyuz; Hikmet Aytekin; Murat Dosoglu

    2009-01-01

    We report a 13-year-old girl with a hydatid cyst located in the posterior fossa. The pre-operative diagnosis was a cerebellar tumour; the cyst was operated on using puncture, aspiration, irrigation and resection. Sixteen months post-operatively, the patient is in a good health. A hydatid cyst must always be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic lesions of the cranium, especially

  13. Idiopathic Choroidal Neovascularization in a 23-Year-Old Girl.

    PubMed

    Mohammadpour, Mehrdad; Lashay, Alireza; Saeedi Anari, Ghasem; Abdi, Fatemeh; Kermanshahani, Abbas

    2015-07-01

    A 23-year-old girl presented with blurred vision in her left eye since 2 months ago. Her past medical history was unremarkable. On presentation, her left best corrected visual acuity was 20/80. Anterior segment exam was unremarkable. Posterior segment exam showed an ill-defined green gray elevation in the fovea with surrounding subretinal fluid. The right eye exam was normal. Fluorescein Angiography and Optic Coherence Tomography of the left eye was compatible with Choroidal Neovascularization (CNV). PMID:26161712

  14. Autoimmune pancreatitis in an 11-year-old boy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rania Refaat; Marc Harth; Petra Proschek; Sebastian Lindemayr; Thomas J. Vogl

    2009-01-01

    We report a case of histopathologically proven autoimmune pancreatitis in an 11-year-old boy. Abdominal US and MRI showed\\u000a a focal swelling of the pancreatic head, the latter also showing delayed contrast enhancement. There was diffuse irregular\\u000a pancreatic duct narrowing, compression of the intrapancreatic common bile duct, and mild proximal biliary dilatation on MR\\u000a cholangiopancreatography. Laboratory results revealed normal serum IgG

  15. West nile poliomyelitis in a 7-year-old child.

    PubMed

    Hainline, Margaret L; Kincaid, John C; Carpenter, Denise L; Golomb, Meredith R

    2008-11-01

    West Nile poliomyelitis is a well-described neurologic manifestation of West Nile viral infection in adults. However, few reports have described this manifestation in children infected with West Nile virus. We describe a 7-year-old boy who developed West Nile poliomyelitis with flaccid paralysis of his left leg. Electrodiagnostic testing and radiologic imaging confirmed anterior horn cell injury. We report on his course clinically and electrodiagnostically over 20 months. PMID:18940559

  16. Treatment of a four-year-old victim of incest

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith V. Becker; Linda J. Skinner; Gene G. Abel

    1982-01-01

    A case study describing the use of behavior techniques in the treatment of a four—year—old sexual assault victim is presented. The target behaviors included eating, phobic behaviors, self—injurious behaviors, and comments made about the father (the perpetrator) and the paternal grandmother. The child's mother served as both data collector and therapist. The study demonstrates that child victims can experience a

  17. Emerging Understanding of Patterning in Four Year Olds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bethany Rittle-Johnson; Emily R. Fyfe; Laura E. McLean; Katherine L. McEldoon

    2012-01-01

    Young children have an impressive amount of mathematics knowledge, but past psychological research has focused primarily on their number knowledge. Preschoolers also spontaneously engage in a form of early algebraic thinking—patterning. In the current study, we assessed four-year-old children's knowledge of repeating patterns on two occasions (N = 66). Children could duplicate and extend patterns, and some showed a deeper understanding of

  18. Poor Stroop performances in 15-year-old dyslexic teenagers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zoď Kapoula; Thanh-Thuan Lę; Audrey Bonnet; Pauline Bourtoire; Emilie Demule; Caroline Fauvel; Catherine Quilicci; Qing Yang

    2010-01-01

    The Stroop test enables interference between color naming and reading to be studied. Protopapas et al. (2007) reported more errors in an interference task and longer reaction times in 12.5-year-old dyslexics; also more Stroop interference\\u000a with lower reading skills. The present study uses a version of the Stroop with four color cards and aims to test interference\\u000a and flexibility in

  19. Heart Health...Your Choice. 11-14 Year Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    The purpose of this illustrated booklet is to teach 11-14 year old students that all healthy Americans, 2 years of age or older, should eat in a way that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol to help reduce the risk of heart disease. The guide is designed to promote changes in eating patterns, to show children how to switch to good eating…

  20. Three Years Old Child Neck Finite Element Modelisation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raphaël Dupuis; Frank Meyer; Rémy Willinger

    Despite of recent progresses in occupant safety, the protection of children is still not optimal. To offer a better comprehension\\u000a of child injury mechanisms, we developed a human-like finite element of a three years old child's neck. The subject was scanned\\u000a with a medical scanner. The images were first semiautomatically segmented in order to extract the soft tissues and the

  1. Similarity predicts liking in 3-year-old children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine A. Fawcett; Lori Markson

    2010-01-01

    Two studies examined the influence of similarity on 3-year-old children’s initial liking of their peers. Children were presented with pairs of childlike puppets who were either similar or dissimilar to them on a specified dimension and then were asked to choose one of the puppets to play with as a measure of liking. Children selected the puppet whose food preferences

  2. Malignant pleural mesothelioma in a 13-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Goyal; K. F. Swanson; O. Konez; D. Patel; P. K. Vyas

    2000-01-01

    Pleural mesothelioma is an uncommon tumor in all age groups, but is especially rare in childhood. We describe the clinical\\u000a and radiological features of malignant pleural mesothelioma in a 13-year-old girl. The chest radiograph showed nearly complete\\u000a opacification and loss of volume in the left hemithorax. Computed tomography demonstrated a large pleural effusion centrally\\u000a surrounded by a thick enhancing rind

  3. Isolated tracheoesophageal fistula in a 10-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iris De Schutter; Françoise Vermeulen; Elke De Wachter; Caroline Ernst; Anne Malfroot

    2007-01-01

    Isolated tracheoesophageal fistula (H-TOF) is a rare type of tracheoesophageal anomaly and is in most cases diagnosed in the\\u000a neonatal period because of choking and cyanosis during feeding. Diagnosis may be delayed even until adulthood because of nonspecific\\u000a and sometimes intermittent symptoms, and because false-negative results of all diagnostic tools are not uncommon. We report\\u000a a 10-year-old child with H-TOF,

  4. A 5YearOld Boy with Headache and Vomiting

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Victoria LaMarca; V. Michelle Silvera; Elpidio Jimenez; George I. Jallo

    2001-01-01

    Victoria LaMarca: This 5-year-old left-handed boy presented to an emergency room with headache and vomiting for 72 h following a trivial fall at school. He had had occasional headaches for 2 months prior to presentation. Prior to the fall, the headaches were easily treated with tylenol. A computed tomography (CT) was performed which revealed a posterior fossa lesion without hydrocephalus

  5. Dirofilariasis in a 22-year-old airman deployed to the Mediterranean.

    PubMed

    Udall, Don N

    2011-09-01

    A 22-year-old male U.S. Navy airman with new nontender subcutaneous, 4-cm mass inferior to the right anterior costal margin was sent for routine biopsy. Sudden appearance of axillary lymph nodes prompted immediate excisional biopsy of the primary mass. Pathological evaluation was initially read as Onchocerca volvulus, the filarial nematode classically responsible for river blindness. Subsequent evaluation by Armed Forces Institute of Pathology resulted in a change of diagnosis to Dirofilaria species, not pathogenic in humans. The author discusses the literature of Dirofilaria infestations in humans, and how they may affect U.S. servicemen and women traveling to endemic areas. PMID:21987970

  6. A 70-Year-Old Man With Large Cervical and Mediastinal Lymphadenopathies.

    PubMed

    Narechania, Shraddha; Valent, Jason; Farver, Carol; Tonelli, Adriano R

    2015-07-01

    We present a case of a 70-year-old man with enlarged mediastinal and cervical lymph nodes that provided interesting radiologic and pathologic observations. The 70-year-old black man was found to have enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes. He had symptoms of atypical chest pain and generalized weakness for 2 weeks prior to the diagnosis. He denied shortness of breath, fever, chills, or night sweats. He was treated for hypertension and onychomycosis. Basic laboratory findings were within normal limits. Pulmonary function tests at the time of presentation showed FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC ratio of 123% predicted, 133% predicted, and 0.7, respectively. Meanwhile, total lung capacity and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity were 103% and 107% predicted, respectively. Two weeks before he presented to our institution, the patient underwent bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsies of the right lower lobe and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration of the right hilar lymph nodes. PMID:26149568

  7. A rare case report of tracheal leech infestation in a 40-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Rui; Zou, Jian; Zhu, Tao

    2014-01-01

    Leeches are the very rare types of airway foreign body. Here we report a rare case of a 40-year-old woman with tracheal leech infestation. A 40-year-old woman presented 2-month history of dyspnea, occasional haemoptysis. There were foreign body sensation in throat, cough and hoarseness. Computed Tomography (CT) revealed some soft tissue shadow in the upper trachea. Eventually a 5 cm long living leech was smoothly removed from trachea by rigid bronchoscopy under sevoflurane general anesthesia. The airway leech infestation should be kept in mind especially in patients presenting with unexplained haemoptysis, dyspnea, hoarseness and a foreign body sensation in the throat and a history of drinking infested water from streams, pools and spring. General anesthesia might be necessary for the removal of the leech. PMID:25419405

  8. Sperm banking: fertility preservation for male patients with cancer.

    PubMed

    Frankel Kelvin, Joanne

    2015-02-01

    Sperm banking (SB) involves collecting and freezing sperm for potential future use. It is a simple, noninvasive way for male patients with cancer to preserve their ability to have biologic children. This article provides the information needed by nurses to effectively discuss SB with their patients. PMID:25689656

  9. How to Be 80 Year Old and Have a VO2max of a 35 Year Old

    PubMed Central

    Karlsen, Trine; Leinan, Ingeborg Megĺrd; Bćkkerud, Fredrik Hjulstad; Lundgren, Kari Margrethe; Tari, Atefe; Steinshamn, Sigurd Loe; Střylen, Asbjřrn; Rognmo, Řivind

    2015-01-01

    Background. To discuss the cardiovascular and pulmonary physiology and common risk factors of an 80-year-old man with a world record maximal oxygen uptake of 50?mL·kg?1·min?1. Methods. Case report. Results. His maximal oxygen uptake of 3.31?L·min?1, maximal heart rate of 175?beats·min?1, and maximal oxygen pulse of 19?mL·beats?1 are high. He is lean (66.6?kg) and muscular (49% skeletal muscle mass). His echo parameters of mitral flow (left ventricular filling, E = 82?cm·s?1 and E/A = 1.2) were normal for 40- to 60-year-old men. Systolic and diastolic function increased adequately during exercise, with no increase in left ventricular filling pressure. He has excellent pulmonary function (FVC = 4.31?L, FEV1 = 3.41, FEV1/FVC = 0.79, and DLCO = 12.0?Si1) and normal FMD and blood volumes (5.8?L). He has a high level of daily activity (10,900?steps·day?1 and 2:51?hours·day?1 of physical activity) and a lifelong history of physical activity. Conclusion. The man is in excellent cardiopulmonary fitness and is highly physically active. His cardiac and pulmonary functions are above expectations for his age, and his VO2max is comparable to that of an inactive 25-year-old and of a normal, active 35-year-old Norwegian man. PMID:25788946

  10. Community Approaches to Serving Four-Year-Old Children in Wisconsin: Lessons Learned from Wisconsin Communities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers-Rhyme, Anne; Wright, Arlene

    The Wisconsin Forces for Four-Year-Olds Project promotes a collaborative community approach to offering universal access to four-year-old kindergarten services for Wisconsin 4-year-olds. Presented in three major sections, this report offers an overview of a community approach to serving 4-year-olds, summarizes experiences in seven communities…

  11. An 81-year-old man with an abnormal right-sided heart shadow on chest radiograph.

    PubMed

    Shah, Rahman; Khan, M Rehan; Fan, Tai-Hwang M; Ruff, Genina; Ramanathan, Kodangudi B

    2015-02-01

    An 81-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of dry cough. He also complained of mild dyspnea, wheezing, and low-grade fever. He denied hemoptysis, fever, rashes, or chest pain. The patient's medical history included coronary artery bypass surgery, hypertension, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and COPD. The patient was a retired welder and an ex-smoker. PMID:25644917

  12. Sex Ratio and Sex Reversal in Two-year-old Class of Oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Bivalvia: Ostreidae)

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jung Jun; Kim, Hyejin; Kang, Seung Wan; An, Cheul Min; Lee, Sung-Ho; Gye, Myung Chan; Lee, Jung Sick

    2012-01-01

    The sex ratio (F:M) in the same population of oyster, Crassostrea gigas at the commencement of the study (2007) was 1:1.0, but changed to 1:2.8 by the end of the study (2008). The sex reversal rate in two-year-old oysters was 40.2%. Specifically, female to male sex reversal rate was 66.1%, which is higher than the male to female sex reversal rate of 21.1%. The sex reversal pattern of C. gigas appears to go from male?female?male, and as such is determined to be rhythmical hermaphroditism. PMID:25949114

  13. Development of 1-year-old computational phantom and calculation of organ doses during CT scans using Monte Carlo simulation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pan, Yuxi; Qiu, Rui; Gao, Linfeng; Ge, Chaoyong; Zheng, Junzheng; Xie, Wenzhang; Li, Junli

    2014-09-01

    With the rapidly growing number of CT examinations, the consequential radiation risk has aroused more and more attention. The average dose in each organ during CT scans can only be obtained by using Monte Carlo simulation with computational phantoms. Since children tend to have higher radiation sensitivity than adults, the radiation dose of pediatric CT examinations requires special attention and needs to be assessed accurately. So far, studies on organ doses from CT exposures for pediatric patients are still limited. In this work, a 1-year-old computational phantom was constructed. The body contour was obtained from the CT images of a 1-year-old physical phantom and the internal organs were deformed from an existing Chinese reference adult phantom. To ensure the organ locations in the 1-year-old computational phantom were consistent with those of the physical phantom, the organ locations in 1-year-old computational phantom were manually adjusted one by one, and the organ masses were adjusted to the corresponding Chinese reference values. Moreover, a CT scanner model was developed using the Monte Carlo technique and the 1-year-old computational phantom was applied to estimate organ doses derived from simulated CT exposures. As a result, a database including doses to 36 organs and tissues from 47 single axial scans was built. It has been verified by calculation that doses of axial scans are close to those of helical scans; therefore, this database could be applied to helical scans as well. Organ doses were calculated using the database and compared with those obtained from the measurements made in the physical phantom for helical scans. The differences between simulation and measurement were less than 25% for all organs. The result shows that the 1-year-old phantom developed in this work can be used to calculate organ doses in CT exposures, and the dose database provides a method for the estimation of 1-year-old patient doses in a variety of CT examinations.

  14. A 30-year-old industrial worker with upper back pain.

    PubMed

    Perrin, Angela; Bergman, Cheryl; Hart, Leigh

    2013-01-01

    This column presents the case of a 30-year-old man seeking care for upper back pain at a freestanding emergency center. His occupation involved carrying 50-lb buckets of chemicals up ladders to the rooftops of industrial buildings. Back pain is a common complaint in emergency departments and most often musculoskeletal in nature. In this case, the back pain was not musculoskeletal but resulted from bilateral pulmonary emboli. The patient did not know that he had Factor V Leiden disorder. This column emphasizes the importance of ruling out serious life-threatening conditions in patients who present with common complaints and no traditional red flag symptoms. PMID:23636041

  15. Pathology Case Study: A 54-Year-Old Man with a Right Cheek Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nine, Jeff S.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 54-year-old man has a recurrent neoplasm in his right cheek. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in head and neck pathology

  16. Recurrent Sigmoid Volvulus Associated With Eventration of Diaphragm in a Twenty-Six-Year-Old Man

    PubMed Central

    Prabhu, Shailesh Mukund; Venkatesan, Bhuvaneswari; Shetty, Gurucharan; Narula, Mahender Kaur; Chauhan, Udit; Udiya, Alok Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Recurrent sigmoid volvulus is a clinical entity characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete sigmoid volvulus. Although it is commonly seen in the elderly, it can be occasionally seen in younger patients. Patients with recurrent partial sigmoid volvulus are relatively asymptomatic or present with mild abdominal pain. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential to prevent conversion to acute gangrenous volvulus. We present a case of recurrent partial sigmoid volvulus in association with eventration of diaphragm in a 26-year-old man. PMID:25901269

  17. Gender identity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in a 23-year-old female.

    PubMed

    Lemaire, Mathieu; Thomazeau, Barbara; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique

    2014-02-01

    We describe the case of a 23-year-old woman with Gender Identity Disorder (GID) asking for a cross-sex hormonal treatment with sex reassignment surgery and who was recently diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Gender identity clinics are now reporting an overrepresentation of individuals with ASD among GID patients. The prevalence of ASD is 10-fold higher among GID patients than in general population. However, few case reports or studies have explored the co-occurrence of ASD and GID. This co-occurrence is relevant for diagnostic and clinical management and also raises important theoretical issues. PMID:23835847

  18. Pathology Case Study: A 33-Year-Old Man with a Testicular Lesion

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Horn, Kevin D.

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 33-year-old morbidly obese man has a testicular lesion. Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in genitourinary pathology.

  19. A 70-year-old man with intraoperative hypoxia and hypotension during total hip replacement.

    PubMed

    Alansari, Mariam A; Abdulmomen, Ahmed A

    2014-11-01

    A 70-year-old man underwent total hip replacement surgery under general anesthesia, endotracheal intubation, and controlled ventilation, with the patient in left lateral position. Intraoperatively, the patient was hemodynamically stable, with a normal range of pulse, ECG trace, oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (Spo2), and end-tidal CO2 (etco2). Five minutes after insertion of the hip prosthesis, his heart rate dropped to 30 beats/min, BP to 40/30 mm Hg, Spo2 to 70%, and etco2 to 10 mm Hg. PMID:25367483

  20. Pathology Case Study: A 73-Year-Old Jewish Female with Anemia of Unknown Etiology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Goldblatt, Curtis

    This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 73-year-old Jewish woman has anemia of unknown etiology and a low reticulocyte count. Visitors are given the microscopic description, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in hematopathology.

  1. Pathology Case Sstudy: A 59-Year-Old Female with a Right Atrial Mass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Schubert, Eric

    This is a cardiovascular pathology case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 59-year-old black female has diffuse large cell lymphoma (i.e. right atrial mass). Visitors are given both the microscopic and gross descriptions, including images, and are given the opportunity to diagnose the patient. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student learning in cardiovascular pathology.

  2. Chronic ischaemic colitis in a 48 year old man: an unusual presentation.

    PubMed

    Lau, Kimberley; Oommen, Chitakattil

    2013-06-01

    Ischaemic colitis typically presents with an acute abdominal pain and distension with bloody diarrhoea. However, this can vary and the condition is frequently missed or misdiagnosed, especially if the patient presents with chronic symptoms. Herein, we report a case of chronic presentation of ischaemic colitis in a 48-year-old man with a history of myocardial infarction. This report highlights the importance of having ischaemic colitis as a differential diagnosis whenever a patient with a history of arteriosclerosis presents with atypical chronic abdominal pain. PMID:24426515

  3. Traumatic myelopathy in a seventeen-year-old child with cervical spinal stenosis (without fracture or dislocation) and a C2-C3 Klippel-Feil fusion. A case report.

    PubMed

    Epstein, N E; Epstein, J A; Zilkha, A

    1984-01-01

    A 17-year-old white male patient sustained a cervical hyperextension injury while body surfing. Plain cervical radiographs, tomography, and CAT scan showed neither fracture nor subluxation, but congenital narrowing of the spinal canal and fusion of C2-C3 (Klippel-Feil). Clinically, he had a central cord syndrome, characterized by a motor dominant myelopathy. The conservative management of this patient with a central cord injury in the presence of spinal stenosis and a Klippel-Feil syndrome resulted in almost full recovery although he was quadriplegic initially. This constellation of findings rarely has been reported in adolescence. PMID:6474247

  4. Bronchopulmonary sequestration in a 60 year old man

    PubMed Central

    Naffaa, Lena; Tank, Jay; Ali, Sara; Ong, Cesar

    2014-01-01

    We report a case of bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) in a 60 year old man with recurrent cough. After failed antibiotic therapy for presumed left lower lobe (LLL) pneumonia seen on chest radiographs, bronchoscopy was performed revealing cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. Further work-up with thoracic imaging demonstrates a feeding artery from the thoracic aorta to the LLL consolidation indicating the presence of BPS. A brief review of the clinical and radiological features and management options of BPS are listed, with particular emphasis on the various imaging modalities and techniques in the diagnosis and pre-surgical planning of intralobar sequestration. PMID:25426223

  5. Bronchopulmonary sequestration in a 60 year old man.

    PubMed

    Naffaa, Lena; Tank, Jay; Ali, Sara; Ong, Cesar

    2014-10-01

    We report a case of bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) in a 60 year old man with recurrent cough. After failed antibiotic therapy for presumed left lower lobe (LLL) pneumonia seen on chest radiographs, bronchoscopy was performed revealing cryptogenic organizing pneumonia. Further work-up with thoracic imaging demonstrates a feeding artery from the thoracic aorta to the LLL consolidation indicating the presence of BPS. A brief review of the clinical and radiological features and management options of BPS are listed, with particular emphasis on the various imaging modalities and techniques in the diagnosis and pre-surgical planning of intralobar sequestration. PMID:25426223

  6. NASA Administrator Dan Goldin greets 10-year-old VIP.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    NASA Administrator Dan Goldin (left) shares a light moment during his meeting with 10-year-old Jonathan Pierce (right), who is garbed in a protective cooling suit designed by NASA. Behind Goldin is astronaut Doug Wheelock; behind Jonathan is his mother, Penny. Jonathan suffers from erythropoietic protoporphyria, a rare condition that makes his body unable to withstand ultraviolet rays. The suit allows him to be outside during the day, which would otherwise be impossible. Jonathan's trip was funded by the Make-A-Wish Foundation and included a visit to Disney World. He and his family were among a dozen VIPs at KSC to view the launch of STS-99.

  7. A 50-Year-Old Woman Addicted to Heroin

    PubMed Central

    O’Brien, Charles P.

    2011-01-01

    Heroin addiction is a complicated medical and psychiatric issue, with well-established as well as newer modes of treatment. The case of Ms W, a 50-year-old woman with a long history of opiate addiction who has been treated successfully with methadone for 9 years and who now would like to consider newer alternatives, illustrates the complex issues of heroin addiction. The treatment of heroin addiction as a chronic disease is reviewed, including social, medical, and cultural issues and pharmacologic treatment with methadone and the more experimental medication options of buprenorphine and naltrexone. PMID:18594026

  8. Stridor in an 11-year-old child.

    PubMed

    Abraham, Deepu; Karuvattil, Rajesh; Fitzpatrick, Maggie

    2013-01-01

    Stridor in older children can be due to diverse aetiology that includes infections, anaphylaxis and rarely systemic conditions leading to hypocalcaemia. We report the case of a previously asymptomatic 11-year-old girl who presented to the casualty with stridor due to hypocalcaemia. The aetiological investigations for hypocalcaemia uncovered previously undetected chronic renal failure, possibly due to a rare autosomal recessive condition called nephronophthisis. We report this case to highlight the importance of widening the diagnostic focus for children presenting with stridor, especially when they fall outside the usual age group for infections like croup, or when the history is atypical. PMID:24326434

  9. Growth Disorders Among 6-Year-Old Iranian Children

    PubMed Central

    Kelishadi, Roya; Amiri, Masoud; Motlagh, Mohammad Esmaeil; Taslimi, Mahnaz; Ardalan, Gelayol; Rouzbahani, Reza; Poursafa, Parinaz

    2014-01-01

    Background: Sociodemographic factors are important determinants of weight disorders. National representative studies provide a view on this health problem at national and regional levels. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the distribution of growth disorders in terms of body mass index (BMI) and height in 6-year-old Iranian children using geographical information system (GIS). Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional nationwide survey, all Iranian children entering public and private elementary schools were examined in a mandatory national screening program in 2009. Descriptive analysis was used to calculate the prevalence of underweight, overweight, obesity, and short stature. Then, ArcGIS software was used to draw the figures. Results: The study population consisted of 955388 children (48.5% girls and 76.5% urban). Overall, 20% of children were underweight, and 14.3% had high BMI, consisted of 10.9% overweight and 3.4% obese. The corresponding figure for short stature was 6.6%; however, these growth disorders were not equally distributed across various provinces. Conclusions: Our results confirmed unequal distribution of BMI and height of 6-year-old children in Iran generally and in most of its provinces particularly. The differences among provinces cannot be fully explained by the socioeconomic pattern. These findings necessitate a comprehensive national policy with provincial evidence-based programs. PMID:25068062

  10. Aging in Place in a Retirement Community: 90+ Year Olds

    PubMed Central

    Paganini-Hill, Annlia

    2014-01-01

    Aging in place, an image of growing old in one’s home and maintaining one’s daily routine, is desired by most older adults. To identify variables promoting such independent living in the oldest-old, we examined the association between living situation of a population-based cohort of 90+ year olds with health and lifestyle variables. Of 1485 participants, 53% still lived in their home at a retirement community designed to foster wellness. Those living at home tended to be healthier, with smaller proportions having chronic diseases or hospitalizations in the preceding year and a greater proportion having normal functional ability. Dementia was the chronic disease most significantly related to living situation. In addition to not having dementia, not using a wheelchair or bath aid, receiving meals on wheels, and being married were jointly related to living at home. With the help of family and friends and with a medical and social support system, many 90+ year olds can age in place. This is often because they have a caregiving spouse or paid caregiver. PMID:25288828

  11. True or false: do 5-year-olds understand belief?

    PubMed

    Fabricius, William V; Boyer, Ty W; Weimer, Amy A; Carroll, Kathleen

    2010-11-01

    In 3 studies (N = 188) we tested the hypothesis that children use a perceptual access approach to reason about mental states before they understand beliefs. The perceptual access hypothesis predicts a U-shaped developmental pattern of performance in true belief tasks, in which 3-year-olds who reason about reality should succeed, 4- to 5-year-olds who use perceptual access reasoning should fail, and older children who use belief reasoning should succeed. The results of Study 1 revealed the predicted pattern in 2 different true belief tasks. The results of Study 2 disconfirmed several alternate explanations based on possible pragmatic and inhibitory demands of the true belief tasks. In Study 3, we compared 2 methods of classifying individuals according to which 1 of the 3 reasoning strategies (reality reasoning, perceptual access reasoning, belief reasoning) they used. The 2 methods gave converging results. Both methods indicated that the majority of children used the same approach across tasks and that it was not until after 6 years of age that most children reasoned about beliefs. We conclude that because most prior studies have failed to detect young children's use of perceptual access reasoning, they have overestimated their understanding of false beliefs. We outline several theoretical implications that follow from the perceptual access hypothesis. PMID:21058830

  12. Two patients with proatlas segmentation malformation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shangchen Xu; Qi Pang; Kaining Zhang; Hu Zhang

    2010-01-01

    A 58-year-old female and an 18-year-old male patient had progressive spastic quadriparesis of 10 years and 6 months duration, respectively. Proatlas segmentation malformation (PSM) was confirmed using three-dimensional (3D) reconstructive CT scans and MRI. Surgical procedures in one patient involved anterior decompression via a transoropharyngeal approach, cranial traction, and posterior occipital–cervical fixation and fusion. His postoperative neurological status had improved

  13. Impulsivity, Aggression and Suicide Risk among Male Schizophrenia Patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Iulian Iancu; Ehud Bodner; Suzana Roitman; Anna Piccone Sapir; Amir Poreh; Moshe Kotler

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Impulsivity has been shown to be a major variable in the etiology of suicide and aggression, but has not been researched as much in the schizophrenic population, which is characterized by serious suicide and aggression risks. Methods: 68 male schizophrenia patients responded to a battery of measures including the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the impulsivity control scale

  14. A 51-year-old man with seizures and progressive behavioral changes.

    PubMed

    Cable, Casey A; Freeman, William D; Rubin, Mark N; Khoor, Andras; Karnatovskaia, Lioudmila V

    2015-03-01

    A 51-year-old man was admitted for evaluation of new-onset generalized seizures in the context of progressive and significant behavioral change. His medical history was only notable for previous outbreaks of genital herpes. He took no medications. He had occasional social alcohol use and no illicit drug use but was a 35-pack-year current smoker. The patient had no relevant occupational exposure history but had recently traveled to Panama. Initially, the patient's significant other noticed a progressive flattening of his affect. The patient then started to experience episodes of "passing out" that led to injuries prompting ED visits. He was prescribed antiseizure medications and scheduled for an outpatient workup. However, with progressive gait instability, lethargy, and an increase in frequency of generalized seizures, the patient was admitted for treatment of suspected viral encephalitis. Despite initiation of antimicrobial and antiviral therapy, the patient's level of alertness continued to decline, ultimately leading to intubation for airway protection. PMID:25732477

  15. Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery for Ewing's Sarcoma of the Mediastinum in a 3-year-old Girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kiyoshi Koizumi; Shuji Haraguchi; Iwao Mikami; Hirotoshi Kubokura; Daisuke Okada; Shigeki Yamagishi; Hiroyasu Kinoshita; Yutaka Enomoto; Kazuo Shimizu; Miho Maeda

    We report of the experience of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for a Ewing's sarcoma at the posterior mediastinum in a 3 year old girl. The patient developed common cold like symp- toms and developed rapid lower limb paraplegia. A chest computed tomography (CT) showed a solid mass adjacent to the vertebrae. This was diagnosed as a Ewing's sarcoma histopathologi- cally

  16. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Presenting as Sclerodactylia, Nail Dystrophy and AcroOsteolysis in a 60YearOld Woman

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Romaní; L. Puig; G. de Miguel; J. M. de Moragas

    1997-01-01

    Skin changes associated with carpal tunnel syndrome have rarely been reported. A 60-year-old patient was referred to our Department of Dermatology for evaluation of an aseptic gangrene of the distal phalanx of the third finger of her left hand, progressive nail dystrophy, sclerodactylia and spontaneous uleerations. These features were seen on the digits with sensory supply from the median nerve.

  17. Successful management of concommitant blunt injury to the trachea, esophagus, and cervical spine in a 6-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oscar D Guillamondegui; Michael L Nance; J. William Gaynor; John M Flynn; Perry W Stafford; Timothy M Crombleholme

    2004-01-01

    A 6-year-old girl sustained an unusual constellation of injuries after blunt trauma sustained in a motor vehicle accident. Transection of the trachea and esophagus were managed successfully by repair through a median sternotomy while the patient was on cardiopulmonary bypass. A cervical spinal injury was fixated with halo traction and a femur fracture with internal fixation.

  18. The structure of executive function in 3-year-olds.

    PubMed

    Wiebe, Sandra A; Sheffield, Tiffany; Nelson, Jennifer Mize; Clark, Caron A C; Chevalier, Nicolas; Espy, Kimberly Andrews

    2011-03-01

    Although the structure of executive function (EF) during adulthood is characterized by both unity and diversity, recent evidence suggests that preschool EF may be best described by a single factor. The latent structure of EF was examined in 228 3-year-olds using confirmatory factor analysis. Children completed a battery of executive tasks that differed in format and response requirements and in putative working memory and inhibitory control demands. Tasks appeared to be age appropriate, with adequate sensitivity across the range of performance and without floor or ceiling effects. Tests of the relative fit of several alternative models supported a single latent EF construct. Measurement invariance testing revealed less proficient EF in children at higher sociodemographic risk relative to those at lower risk and no differences between boys and girls. At 3years of age, when EF skills are emerging, EF appears to be a unitary, more domain-general process. PMID:20884004

  19. A 31-year-old pregnant woman with angioedema.

    PubMed

    Speck, Aimee L; Killen, Paul D; Greenhawt, Matthew J

    2015-01-01

    Angioedema is swelling of the deep layers of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue due to an increase in vascular permeability. Angioedema sometimes occurs concomitantly with urticaria and represents an allergic disease. In other cases, angioedema is not associated with an allergic condition. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman with new-onset angioedema in the setting of her first pregnancy. After detailed history, physical examination, and laboratory evaluation, a cause for her angioedema was found that had not been considered previously and had significant implications for future management, particularly in light of her current pregnancy. Because allergists are commonly called on to evaluate and treat angioedema, we should be aware of the many disease processes that can present with this symptom and be well-versed in the workup of new-onset angioedema. PMID:25715245

  20. Pulmonary dirofilariasis in a 59-year-old man

    PubMed Central

    So, Tetsuya; Mitsueda, Reiko; Miyata, Takeaki; Sekimura, Atsushi; Yoshimatsu, Takashi; Nose, Naohiro; Itoh, Hiroshi; Nakano, Shigeo; Yasumoto, Kosei

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of a human pulmonary dirofilariasis in a 59-year-old man. At the medical examination, a chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a mass, measuring 18 × 15 mm in diameter, with an irregular margin on the bottom of the right lower lobe. We could not neglect the possibility of a primary lung cancer, and therefore, a lung partial resection was performed under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The intra-operative pathological findings revealed inflammatory granuloma with coagulation necrosis and no malignant cells. The permanent pathological examination showed occlusion of the peripheral pulmonary artery by worms and formation of a necrotic mass surrounded by reactive inflammation and hemorrhage. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis is an extremely rare zoonotic infection, and sometimes it is difficult to distinguish it from a primary lung cancer on radiographic findings. PMID:25168854

  1. Similarity predicts liking in 3-year-old children.

    PubMed

    Fawcett, Christine A; Markson, Lori

    2010-04-01

    Two studies examined the influence of similarity on 3-year-old children's initial liking of their peers. Children were presented with pairs of childlike puppets who were either similar or dissimilar to them on a specified dimension and then were asked to choose one of the puppets to play with as a measure of liking. Children selected the puppet whose food preferences or physical appearance matched their own. Unpacking the physical appearance finding revealed that the stable similarity of hair color may influence liking more strongly than the transient similarity of shirt color. A second study showed that children also prefer to play with a peer who shares their toy preferences, yet importantly, show no bias toward a peer who is similar on an arbitrary dimension. The findings provide insight into the earliest development of peer relations in young children. PMID:20092828

  2. Renovascular hypertension in an 8-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Cabral, Antonio Jorge; Silvestre, Catarina; Loureiro, Helena; Almeida, Helena Isabel

    2013-01-01

    Secondary hypertension is the most common form of hypertension in childhood, particularly in the young age group: parenchymal disease and lesions of the renal artery account for the majority of such cases. Renal artery aneurysms (RAA) are rare and are usually diagnosed by Doppler ultrasonography or angiography performed in the investigation of specific clinical symptoms. We report herein a case of severe arterial hypertension in an 8-year-old girl arising from a large saccular RAA. Intravenous antihypertensive drugs were necessary to achieve blood pressure control and the final diagnosis was obtained from angio-CT scan and selective angiography that demonstrated a large saccular aneurysm of the left renal artery with parietal calcification. After confirmation of inexistent function of the entire left kidney by Tc99m-MAG3 renal isotope scan, nephrectomy was performed. The child's blood pressure further normalised and, 1 month after surgery, she had ceased any antihypertensive therapy. PMID:23645701

  3. Nonunion of the pisiform bone in a 9-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Brouwers, Lars; Hannemann, Pascal F W; Brink, Peter R G

    2015-06-01

    An isolated fracture of the pisiform bone is a rare condition, especially in children. The fracture may be missed in the emergency department because of the complex anatomy of the carpal region. Early diagnosis and treatment are, however, important for the functional outcome of the patient, since untreated dislocated carpal fractures may result in nonunion. We report one case of a 9-year-old boy with an unrecognized fracture of the pisiform bone who underwent a pisiformectomy 10 months after injury due to a nonunion of the pisiform bone. Good results were obtained and the wrist did not show any functional impairment. PMID:26034450

  4. Brain and Lung Abscesses in a 48-year-old Man with Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis

    PubMed Central

    Momeni, Ali; Rahmani, Fereidoon

    2015-01-01

    Focal segmental sclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in the adult population. A patient aged 48- year-old was admitted for evaluation of azotemia. Renal biopsy showed tip lesion FSGS and acute tubular necrosis. After methyl prednisolone pulse therapy, partial remission occurred, and he was stable with oral prednisolone and cyclosporine. Few months later two serious complications including lung and brain abscess occurred. We describe a case of FSGS with lung and brain abscess, who responded to medical management. PMID:25954654

  5. Longstanding Hypoparathyroidism in a Fifty-Two-Year-Old Woman Misdiagnosed as Spondyloarthropathy

    PubMed Central

    Zabihiyeganeh, Mozhdeh; Jahed, Seyed Adel; Akbari, Hounaz

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Hypoparathyroidism might cause various musculoskeletal findings, resembling Spondyloarthropathies. Case Presentation: We described a 52-year-old woman, diagnosed as a case of undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy for ten years, who was unresponsive to classic anti-inflammatory therapies. She developed anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and had elevated muscle enzymes during the course of disease. On a routine checkup, marked hypocalcemia and suppressed parathyroid hormone levels were found. Calcium and calcitriol therapy led to clinical and laboratory improvement. Conclusions: This case emphasizes the importance of recognizing rheumatic manifestations of hypoparathyroidism to preclude unnecessary treatments. Serum calcium should be included in the diagnostic workup of these patients. PMID:25763244

  6. A 14-year old girl with reversible hypoglycemic episodes: the role of ASVS.

    PubMed

    Smith, Alisha; Thornton, Paul S; Galliani, Carlos A; Miller, James P; Dykes, Jennifer; Leung-Pineda, Van

    2015-01-01

    We present the case of a 14-year-old female who experienced several episodes of reversible altered mental status triggered by hypoglycemia. Following endocrine investigation, she was diagnosed with insulinoma. Insulinoma, a rare, differentiated, and functioning neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas overproduces insulin, thus leading to hypoglycemic episodes. Conventional imaging failed to detect the lesion; therefore, arterial calcium stimulation with venous sampling (ASVS) was used for preoperative localization. The patient recovered without complications after surgical enucleation of the tumor. The ASVS is a useful method for localizing insulinomas when conventional imaging techniques fail, and can help reduce morbidities associated with surgical excision. PMID:25437309

  7. Brain and Lung Abscesses in a 48-year-old Man with Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis.

    PubMed

    Momeni, Ali; Rahmani, Fereidoon; Nasri, Hamid

    2015-03-01

    Focal segmental sclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in the adult population. A patient aged 48- year-old was admitted for evaluation of azotemia. Renal biopsy showed tip lesion FSGS and acute tubular necrosis. After methyl prednisolone pulse therapy, partial remission occurred, and he was stable with oral prednisolone and cyclosporine. Few months later two serious complications including lung and brain abscess occurred. We describe a case of FSGS with lung and brain abscess, who responded to medical management. PMID:25954654

  8. A Unique Case of Hematemesis in a 17-Year-Old Female

    PubMed Central

    Alsheik, Eva; Bhandari, Bhavik; Ringold, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Hemosuccus pancreaticus (HP) is a rare cause of gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) that should be considered in a patient with a history of pancreatitis and GIB. A 17-year-old female presented with nausea followed by an episode of hematemesis. Fourteen weeks prior to presentation, she had 3 episodes of vomiting within a week. Six weeks prior to presentation, she developed abdominal pain and was diagnosed with acute idiopathic pancreatitis. Computed tomography (CT) revealed a cystic lesion arising in the gastroduodenal artery (GDA), and coil embolization was performed. There are no reported cases of HP in an adolescent with acute idiopathic pancreatitis.

  9. Urethral Duplication in a 15-Year-Old: Case Report With Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Baid, Mayank; Dutta, Arindam

    2014-01-01

    Urethral duplication is a rare congenital malformation mainly affecting men and boys. Although a number of theories have been proposed to describe this condition, the actual mechanism of this disorder is still not clear. This article highlights a case of urethral duplication in a 15-year-old boy. The malformation was characterized by the presence of continent epispadic and normal apical urethra. Retrograde urethrogram through both urethral tracts simultaneously revealed the malformation as Effmann type IIA2. The patient was not offered surgical intervention as he was asymptomatic and had no problems except for a double stream of urine. PMID:25337048

  10. A 38-year-old hairdresser with irritant-associated vocal cord dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Herin, F; Poussel, M; Renaudin, J-M; Leininger, A; Moreau-Colson, C; Menard, O; Paris, C

    2012-01-01

    The present case study reports the first case of a 38-year-old hairdresser with irritant-associated vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) due to alkaline persulfate, who was referred on suspicion of occupational asthma. Several tests were performed, including specific inhalation challenge and upper airway endoscopy. During the specific inhalation challenge to alkaline persulfate, the patient experienced dysphonia and a non-significant decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second on spirometry. Upper airway endoscopy was then performed and revealed VCD. A specific inhalation challenge test is therefore essential in cases of VCD to exclude possible concomitant occupational asthma. PMID:22236860

  11. Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy in a 5-Year-Old Child with Congenital Kyphosis

    PubMed Central

    Omidi-Kashani, Farzad

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral anomalies may also distort the normal regional or global spinal alignment and necessitate some therapeutic interventions. Hemiepiphysiodesis is a traditional procedure usually described for these young patients but in more severe cases some type of osteotomy seems to be necessary. In this technical note, we describe a 5-year-old boy with failed previous hemiepiphysiodesis surgery, who was successfully treated with one level pedicle subtraction osteotomy. This procedure not only corrects the kyphotic deformity at the time of the procedure (not relying on future spinal growth), but also avoids more hazardous anterior approach.

  12. [A 61-year-old man with jaundice following stomach cancer].

    PubMed

    Schünemann, M; Haes, J; Oette, M

    2015-07-01

    A 61-year-old man with occlusion of the common bile duct due to metachronous metastases after surgery for adenocarcinoma of the stomach underwent a bile drainage intervention using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS). A self-expanding metal stent was inserted into the common bile duct of the liver via the esophagus. Successful drainage of the bile fluid into the duodenum was achieved for 14 months until the death of the patient. EUS interventions are becoming increasingly common. Although many questions such as the methodological details still remain, EUS interventions have the potential to become standard procedures especially in the situation of malignant stenoses of the bile or pancreatic duct. PMID:26036656

  13. [Jaundice after Herbage Walking Tour of a 44 Year Old Man].

    PubMed

    Sawatzki, Mikael; Haller, Christoph; Henz, Samuel

    2015-06-01

    We report about a 44-year old patient with severe acute hepatitis E after herbage walking-to ur. Transmission occurred with ingestion of contaminated herbs. Symptoms were jaundice, dark urine, rheumatic pains and distinctive fatigue. We could document a benign self-limiting course under regular clinical controls. Hepatitis Eisa worldwide common cause for acute hepatitis with jaundice. In Switzerland contamination of this autochthonic infection is aquired by consumption of pork and venison (seroprevalence up to 22%). Infection can be without symptoms but also can result in acute liver failure. Extrahepatic symptoms are not uncommon. PMID:26098240

  14. [Photodynamic therapy of a cholangiocarcinoma in an 80-year-old man].

    PubMed

    Ulstrup, Thomas; Pedersen, Finn Mřller

    2013-02-25

    70% of cholangiocarcinomas (CC) are perihilar lesions. At the time of diagnosis few are candidates for complete resection, and the standard palliative therapy has been biliary stenting. Studies have shown that photodynamic therapy (PDT) improves survival time. In this case report we describe an 80-year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis and perihilar CC classified as Bismuth-Corlette type II who successfully underwent PDT as the first patient in Denmark. The treatment was well tolerated with no phototoxic skin reaction, and a subsequent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed reduction of tumour. PMID:23608010

  15. Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy in a 20-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis.

    PubMed

    Dohi, Kaoru; Nakamori, Shiro; Kurita, Tairo; Omoto, Youichi; Ishida, Masaki; Nakamura, Mashio; Imanaka-Yoshida, Kyoko; Sakuma, Hajime; Mizutani, Hitoshi; Ito, Masaaki

    2014-01-01

    A 20-year-old Japanese woman with systemic sclerosis was evaluated for the progressive aggravation of chest pain, palpitations and dyspnea. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging revealed diffuse wall thinning, segmental dyskinesis and late gadolinium enhancement of the right ventricular (RV) myocardium. Cardiac catheterization demonstrated no pulmonary hypertension. 24-hour electrocardiography monitoring showed non-sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT). Pulseless VT was induced via programmed ventricular stimulation. An endomyocardial biopsy of the right side of the interventricular septum was performed, the histological specimen of which demonstrated massive myocardial atrophy and fibro-fatty replacement with predominant fibrotic changes. The patient was ultimately diagnosed with arrhythmogenic RV cardiomyopathy. PMID:24785889

  16. Vulva Fibroadenoma Associated with Lactating Adenoma in a 26-Year-Old Nigerian Female

    PubMed Central

    Anunobi, C. C.; Obiajulu, F. J. N.; Banjo, A. A. F.; Okonkwo, A. O. E.

    2013-01-01

    Background. Vulva lactating adenoma is rare and may be misdiagnosed as adenocarcinoma in frozen section and aspiration cytology if breast tissue is not anticipated. Objective. To raise the awareness of lactating vulva ectopic breast lesion among clinicians and pathologists. Case Report. We present a case of vulva fibroadenoma associated with lactating adenoma in a 26-year-old Nigerian female. Conclusion. The rarity of vulva ectopic breast tissue can present a diagnostic challenge for both the clinician and the anatomical pathologist. Once excisional biopsy is done and the lesion confirmed histologically, the anxious patient can be reassured. PMID:24062962

  17. [Sex chromosome aberration screening among male psychiatric patients (author's transl)].

    PubMed

    Trixler, M; Kosztolányl, G; Méhes, K

    1976-04-30

    The authors report of sex chromosome aberration screenings among the patients of the male psychiatric department, University Medical School, Pecs. 310 patients were investigated. The X-chromatin was detected in buccal smears with thionin-staining and the Y-chromatin in peripheric blood smears with quinacrin-staining by the help of fluorescentoptical technique. Two Klinefelter-patients and one YY-patient were diagnostized. The Klinefelter-patients were psychopaths and mentally subnormal, the YY-patient was a paranoid schizophrenic. The incidence of Klinefelter syndrome is 0.64%, that of the YY syndrome is 0.32%. Mental relations of sex chromosome aberrations are discussed in detail. PMID:962577

  18. [Uremic neuropathy is more frequent in male patients].

    PubMed

    Jedras, M; Zakrzewska-Pniewska, B; Gellert, R; Debowska, M; Wojtaszek, E; Wardyn, K

    2001-05-01

    The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between clinical and electrophysiological features of somatic and autonomic neuropathy and gender of 51 patients on chronic hemodialysis. Apart from basic neurological examination, conduction velocities in peripheral nerves were determined, and the function of the autonomic nervous system was assessed with the help of two tests: R-R interval variation (RRIV) and sympathetic skin response (SSR). The incidence and intensity of clinical and electrophysiological signs of sensomotor neuropathy were statistically significantly more prevalent among male patients, whereas the symptoms suggesting autonomic involvement were more frequent in women. Results of parasympathetic electrophysiological tests were similar in both groups, but abnormal SSR results prevailed in male patients. PMID:11865591

  19. Prevalence and Correlates of Early Onset Asthma and Wheezing in a Healthy Birth Cohort of 2- to 3Year Olds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer Bender Berz; Alice S. Carter; Robert L. Wagmiller; Sarah M. Horwitz; Karla Klein Murdock; Margaret Briggs-Gowan

    2007-01-01

    1,158 ethnically and socioeconomically diverse parents of 2- and 3-year olds who completed mailed questionnaires. Results Asthma and wheezing prevalence was 8.4 and 8.1%, respectively. Asthma during pregnancy, smoking in the home, and being male increased risk for asthma diagnosis and wheezing whereas social support minimized risk for both. Shorter gestational age, exposure to violence, and maternal anxiety increased risk

  20. Looking for a better future: Identity construction in socio-economically deprived 16-year olds considering a career in medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nadia Robb; Lisa Dunkley; Petra Boynton; Trisha Greenhalgh

    2007-01-01

    The medical profession has traditionally been dominated by middle-class white males in the UK, but it is a political priority to widen access to all socio-economic and ethnic groups. This paper describes an empirical study based on biographical life narrative interviews with 45 16-year olds from inner London who were considering applying to medical school, drawn mainly from the most

  1. Acute free perforation of gall bladder encountered at initial presentation in a 51 years old man: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdul R Alvi; Saad Ajmal; Taimur Saleem

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder perforation is a rare but life threatening event. We describe a case of gallbladder perforation encountered at initial presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51 years old male, without any known medical co-morbidity, presented with a 1-day history of sudden-onset abdominal pain and abdominal distension. On examination, his abdomen was distended with generalized tenderness on palpation. Abdominal x-ray showed no

  2. Intelligence and Visual Motor Integration in 5-Year-Old Children with 22q11-Deletion Syndrome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duijff, Sasja; Klaassen, Petra; Beemer, Frits; Swanenburg de Veye, Henriette; Vorstman, Jacob; Sinnema, Gerben

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between intelligence and visual motor integration skills in 5-year-old children with 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS) (N = 65, 43 females, 22 males; mean age 5.6 years (SD 0.2), range 5.23-5.99 years). Sufficient VMI skills seem a prerequisite for IQ testing. Since problems related to…

  3. Evaluating Estradiol Levels in Male Patients with Colorectal Carcinoma

    PubMed Central

    Seth, Shashi; Arora, Kanchan; Verma, Monica

    2015-01-01

    Background: Globally more than 1 million people suffer from colorectal cancer (CRC) per annum, resulting in about 0.5 million deaths. The role of estrogen in CRC is being researched with great interest; expression of estrogen receptors (alfa and beta) is being explored. Aims and Objective: Our objective was to compare the serum estradiol levels in diagnosed male patients of CRC, with age-matched controls; and to study the estradiol levels across the different stages of CRC. Setting and design: A cross-sectional study was conducted from January, 2012 to March, 2013 at a tertiary care hospital in north India. Materials and Methods: Fifty one male preoperative CRC patients were enrolled along with 50 age-matched male controls. Ethical approval and informed written consent from each participant were duly obtained. CRC patients were staged as per TNM (T- Tumour, N- Node, M- Metastasis; I, II, III and IV) criteria. Serum estradiol level was measured by Chemiimmunofluroscence method (normal = 11.6 - 41.2 pg/ml). Statistical analysis used: We used student’s t test and ANOVA (analysis of variance) to analyse the data (SPSS version 17.0, SPSS, Inc., Chicago, Illinois) Result: The mean serum estradiol level among CRC patients (43.4, sd=27.1) was significantly more than that among controls (mean=24.7, sd=17.5), (p<0.0001). Across the four TNM stages of CRC patients, mean estradiol level was highest in Stage II (55.9, sd=15.5); followed by Stages III (44.1, sd=24.9), IV (36.3, sd=30.0) and I (26.4, sd=38.8). However, significant difference was obtained only between Stages I and II. Conclusion: Our study revealed increased levels of serum estradiol in Indian male CRC patients. Further research is warranted to corroborate this finding, and to understand the role of estradiol across different TNM stages of CRC. PMID:25737973

  4. Dose estimations for Iranian 11-year-old pediatric phantoms undergoing computed tomography examinations

    PubMed Central

    Akhlaghi, Parisa; Miri-Hakimabad, Hashem; Rafat-Motavalli, Laleh

    2015-01-01

    In order to establish an organ and effective dose database for Iranian children undergoing computed tomography (CT) examinations, in the first step, two Iranian 11-year-old phantoms were constructed from image series obtained from CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Organ and effective doses for these phantoms were calculated for head, chest, abdomen–pelvis and chest–abdomen–pelvis (CAP) scans at tube voltages of 80, 100 and 120 kVp, and then they were compared with those of the University of Florida (UF) 11-year-old male phantom. Depth distributions of the organs and the mass of the surrounding tissues located in the beam path, which shield the internal organs, were determined for all phantoms. From the results, it was determined that the main organs of the UF phantom receive smaller doses than the two Iranian phantoms, except for the urinary bladder of the Iranian girl phantom. In addition, the relationship between the anatomical differences and the size of the dose delivered was also investigated and the discrepancies between the results were examined and justified. PMID:25972393

  5. In urban South Africa, 16 year old adolescents experience greater health equality than children.

    PubMed

    Griffiths, Paula L; Johnson, William; Cameron, Noël; Pettifor, John M; Norris, Shane A

    2013-12-01

    Despite the strongly established link between socio-economic status (SES) and health across most stages of the life-course, the evidence for a socio-economic gradient in adolescent health outcomes is less consistent. This paper examines associations between household, school, and neighbourhood SES measures with body composition outcomes in 16 year old South African Black urban adolescents from the 1990 born Birth to Twenty (Bt20) cohort. Multivariable regression analyses were applied to data from a sub-sample of the Bt20 cohort (n=346, 53% male) with measures taken at birth and 16 years of age to establish socio-economic, biological, and demographic predictors of fat mass, lean mass, and body mass index (BMI). Results were compared with earlier published evidence of health inequality at ages 9-10 years in Bt20. Consistent predictors of higher fat mass and BMI in fully adjusted models were being female, born post term, having a mother with post secondary school education, and having an obese mother. Most measures of SES were only weakly associated with body composition, with an inconsistent direction of association. This is in contrast to earlier findings with Bt20 9-10 year olds where SES inequalities in body composition were observed. Findings suggest targeting obesity interventions at females in households where a mother has a high BMI. PMID:23876525

  6. [Unusual clinical picture of Meckel's diverticulum intussusception in 19-year-old man - a case report].

    PubMed

    Lubszczyk, Micha?; Kaliszewski, Krzysztof; Struty?ska-Karpi?ska, Marta

    2015-06-22

    Meckel diverticulum is the most common congenital defect of samll intestine. In most cases it remains asymptomatic, however in some patients it may be the cause of many nonspecific signs and symptoms. In this paper we would like to present a case of intestinal obstruction caused by Meckel diverticulum intussusception in the ileum in 19- year-old patient. The patient complaint of dull abdominal pain which have been subsiding for hours and vomiting. Results of laboratory test were within normal limits. Abdomian X-ray suggested mechanic obstruction of small intestine. Patient was qualified for urgent surgery. During the operation intussusception of 10 cm of small intestine was found. The leading point of intussusception was long Meckel diverticulum with single, small connection with omentum. The authors wish to note that in the differential diagnosis of non-specific, recurrent pain and mechanical small bowel obstruction, regardless of age, the presence of Meckel diverticulum should always be taken into consideration. PMID:26098653

  7. Distinct Molecular Phenotypes in Male and Female Schizophrenia Patients

    PubMed Central

    Ramsey, Jordan M.; Schwarz, Emanuel; Guest, Paul C.; van Beveren, Nico J. M.; Leweke, F. Markus; Rothermundt, Matthias; Bogerts, Bernhard; Steiner, Johann; Bahn, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    Background In schizophrenia, sex specific dimorphisms related to age of onset, course of illness and response to antipsychotic treatment may be mirrored by sex-related differences in the underlying molecular pathways. Methodology/Principal Findings Here, we have carried out multiplex immunoassay profiling of sera from 4 independent cohorts of first episode antipsychotic naive schizophrenia patients (n?=?133) and controls (n?=?133) to identify such sex-specific illness processes in the periphery. The concentrations of 16 molecules associated with hormonal, inflammation and growth factor pathways showed significant sex differences in schizophrenia patients compared with controls. In female patients, the inflammation-related analytes alpha-1-antitrypsin, B lymphocyte chemoattractant BLC and interleukin-15 showed negative associations with positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) scores. In male patients, the hormones prolactin and testosterone were negatively associated with PANSS ratings. In addition, we investigated molecular changes in a subset of 33 patients before and after 6 weeks of treatment with antipsychotics and found that treatment induced sex-specific changes in the levels of testosterone, serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, follicle stimulating hormone, interleukin-13 and macrophage-derived chemokine. Finally, we evaluated overlapping and distinct biomarkers in the sex-specific molecular signatures in schizophrenia, major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder. Conclusions/Significance We propose that future studies should investigate the common and sex-specific aetiologies of schizophrenia, as the current findings suggest that different therapeutic strategies may be required for male and female patients. PMID:24244349

  8. Acute Liver Failure in an Antimitochondrial Antibody-Positive 63-Year-Old Man

    PubMed Central

    Wakamatsu, Toru; Kanda, Tatsuo; Tawada, Akinobu; Miyamura, Tatsuo; Takahashi, Masanori; Chiba, Tetsuhiro; Arai, Makoto; Maruyama, Hitoshi; Fujiwara, Keiichi; Imazeki, Fumio; Yokosuka, Osamu

    2012-01-01

    Antimitochondrial antibody (AMA) is one of the representative features of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). PBC is a female-dominant disease usually presenting intrahepatic bile duct destruction, cholestasis and fibrosis with or without chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis. We presented the case of a 63-year-old man with acute liver failure who had AMA, pronounced alanine aminotransferase elevation and high bilirubinemia. We administered corticosteroids and rescued this patient without liver transplantation. It is well known that some patients within the spectrum of autoimmune liver disease present with characteristics of both PBC and autoimmune hepatitis. Although corticosteroids may be associated with a significant worsening of adverse events in patients with PBC, if acute liver failure in AMA-positive cases is progressive, the administration of corticosteroids has to be considered, as well as the preparation of urgent liver transplantation. PMID:22933985

  9. Shortness of breath, fever and abdominal pain in a 21-year-old student.

    PubMed

    Whalley, Hugh James; Remoundos, Dionysios-Dennis; Webster, Jonathan; Silva, Michael Anthony

    2013-01-01

    A 21-year-old patient presented with a 3-day history of shortness of breath, productive cough, fatigue, fevers and night sweats, associated with right upper quadrant pain. He had an appendicectomy 3 months previously. The CT images showed a right subphrenic collection, which was indenting the right lobe of the liver, with an appendicolith in the middle. He underwent laparoscopic surgery where the abscess was drained and the appendicolith was retrieved. The patient had an uncomplicated postoperative period and was discharged soon afterwards. Complications from spilled appendicoliths have been reported previously. Retained appendicoliths and gallstones can act as niduses for infection, and thus cause symptoms at a later stage. Surgical notes should include the findings of appendicoliths, and in the event where retrieval is not possible, a clear record of this must be made, and the patient along with the general practitioner need to be informed. PMID:24127375

  10. A 38-Year-Old Man With Obesity, Intermittent Tachycardia, and One Episode of Syncope.

    PubMed

    Marinescu, Karolina K; Khan, Mazhar; Rowley, James A; Mitiku, Teferi Y

    2015-07-01

    A 38-year-old man with history of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity was referred to the electrophysiology clinic for evaluation of infrequent palpitations and remote history of syncope. The patient described a sensation of racing of the heart, which lasted about 30 min to 1 h and occurred several times over the past year. This was associated with a sense of anxiety and shortness of breath and appeared to resolve spontaneously. The patient also experienced one episode of syncope in the past while enjoying a barbecue on a hot summer day. He did not recall if this episode was accompanied by palpitations, however, the previously mentioned symptoms prompted the consultation. Upon further questioning the patient also reported experiencing fatigue. He stated that he noted decreased energy and frequent daytime sleepiness. PMID:26149558

  11. Successful management of the superior mesenteric artery occlusion in 86-year-old female: case report.

    PubMed

    Boban, Marko; Car, Boris; Schmidt, Sasa; Krpan, Tomislav; Krcmar, Tomislav; Deli?-Brkljaci?, Diana; Brki?, Petar; Vukeli?, Milan

    2013-06-01

    Chronic superior mesentery ischemia often presents a clinically asymptomatic diffuse atherosclerotic process. There are no compelling recommendations on the benefits of early revascularization strategy besides antithrombotic prophylaxis and statin treatment. Conversely, long-term prevalence of symptomatic cases in surgical patient cohorts is rarely reported in the literature. Acutization of chronic ischemia has a severe clinical course, so timely recognition may be considered lifesaving. We present a case of an 86-year-old woman hospitalized for acutized atherosclerotic narrowing of superior mesenteric artery. The patient was urgently operated on by aorto-mesenteric ring prosthesis revascularization. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient regained 10 kilograms in the next few months. PMID:24053088

  12. Pericardial cyst in a 2-year-old Maine Coon cat following peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia repair.

    PubMed

    Hodgkiss-Geere, Hannah M; Palermo, Valentina; Liuti, Tiziana; Philbey, Adrian W; Marques, Ana

    2015-04-01

    A pericardial cyst developed in a 2-year-old male neutered Maine Coon cat following surgery for an incidentally diagnosed congenital peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia. The cyst caused no clinical signs in the cat, although clinical findings included positional right-sided cardiac tamponade and compression of thoracic structures, associated with a cardiac arrhythmia and axis deviation on electrocardiography. Extensive assessment of the cyst included radiography, echocardiography, computed tomography, exploratory thoracotomy, electrocardiography, histopathology and fluid analysis. Surgical removal of the cyst was curative, and the arrhythmia and axis deviation resolved. This report details case management from initial diagnosis to long-term follow-up, adding to the limited body of literature available on feline pericardial cysts. This is also the first report to associate cardiac arrhythmia with a pericardial cyst. PMID:24966244

  13. First report of Actinomyces europaeus bacteraemia result from a breast abscess in a 53-year-old man.

    PubMed

    Nielsen, H L

    2015-09-01

    This is the first report of Actinomyces europaeus bacteraemia in a 53-year-old man. The bacteraemia was the result of a breast abscess. Identification was established by matrix-assisted desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry and confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient was treated with surgical drainage and penicillin for 4 weeks; the patient did not experience any relapse during 6 months of follow-up. PMID:26110063

  14. First report of Actinomyces europaeus bacteraemia result from a breast abscess in a 53-year-old man

    PubMed Central

    Nielsen, H.L.

    2015-01-01

    This is the first report of Actinomyces europaeus bacteraemia in a 53-year-old man. The bacteraemia was the result of a breast abscess. Identification was established by matrix-assisted desorption ionization–time of flight mass spectrometry and confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The patient was treated with surgical drainage and penicillin for 4 weeks; the patient did not experience any relapse during 6 months of follow-up.

  15. [Osteoporosis fracture in a male patient secondary to hypogonadism due to androgen deprivation treatment for prostate cancer].

    PubMed

    Verdú Solans, J; Roig Grau, I; Almirall Banqué, C

    2014-01-01

    A 84 year-old patient, in therapy with androgen deprivation during the last 5 years due a prostate cancer, is presented with a osteoporotic fracture of the first lumbar vertebra. The pivotal role of the primary care physician, in the prevention of the osteoporosis secondary to the hypogonadism in these patients, is highlighted. PMID:23768568

  16. The Case of an Elderly Male Patient with Unknown Primary Mucinous Adenocarcinoma within Presacral Teratoma (Teratoma with Malignant Transformation)

    PubMed Central

    Cokmert, Suna; Koca, Emine; Bulut, Naki; Gul, Suha; Yilmaz, Nevin

    2015-01-01

    Teratomas are rarely seen in adults, and presacral region is an area where they rarely settle in. Similarly, only about 1% of teratomas show malignant transformation. Malignant transformation is often associated with the area where teratoma settles in. Malignant transformation of mediastinal teratomas is more frequent than the ones located in retroperitoneal area and gonad. They most commonly show rhabdomyosarcoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, enteric adenocarcinoma, and leukemia transformation. In teratomas showing malignant transformation, the clinical course is aggressive; and survival of patients with metastatic disease is very low. The primary treatment of teratomas with malignant transformations is surgical. Effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is not clear in patients, to whom surgical operation cannot be applied, or those who are with residual tumor, even if surgical operation can be applied to them, or those who are at metastatic stage. In this paper, we presented a 76-year-old male patient due to the histologic diagnosis of mucinous adenocarcinoma within teratoma, in whom approximately 7?cm presacral mass was found during the radiographic examination made by the reason of low back pain and pelvic pain. PMID:25874143

  17. Non-intubated single port thoracoscopic procedure under local anesthesia with sedation for a 5-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Jinwook; Min, Too Jae; Kim, Dong Jun; Shin, Jae Seung

    2014-07-01

    Medical thoracoscopy is a feasible procedure for the diagnosis or treatment of thoracic diseases, and it can be performed under local anesthesia without tracheal intubation in cooperative adult patients. However, for younger than school aged patients, even simple procedures require general anesthesia with tracheal intubation. In this case report, we demonstrated the safe performance of a single port thoracoscopic procedure without tracheal intubation in a 5-year-old girl under local anesthesia and sedation. Local anesthesia around the site of a previous chest tube and sedation with intravenous (IV) dexmedetomidine and ketamine were applied. In the aspect of not only minimal injection of local anesthetics but also enhanced visualization of the thoracic structures, the non-intubated single port thoracoscopic surgery under local anesthesia with sedation was a good option for performing a simple thoracoscopic procedure in this 5-year-old patient. PMID:25093102

  18. Effectiveness of Saikokaryukotsuboreito (Herbal Medicine) for Antipsychotic-Induced Sexual Dysfunction in Male Patients with Schizophrenia: A Description of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Takashi, Tsuboi; Uchida, Hiroyuki

    2014-01-01

    Antipsychotics sometimes cause sexual dysfunction in people with schizophrenia. The authors report the effectiveness of Saikokaryukotsuboreito (Japanese traditional herbal medicine, Chai-Hu-Jia-Long-Gu-Mu-Li-Tang in Chinese) for antipsychotic-induced sexual dysfunction in two male patients with schizophrenia. The first patient was a 28-year-old man with schizophrenia who suffered erectile dysfunction induced by olanzapine 10?mg/day; the erectile dysfunction significantly improved following the treatment of Saikokaryukotsuboreito 7.5?g/day. The other case was a 43-year-old man with schizophrenia who was receiving fluphenazine decanoate at 50?mg/month and had difficulties in ejaculation; add-on of Saikokaryukotsuboreito 7.5?g/day recovered his ejaculatory function. There has been no report on the effectiveness of Japanese herbal medicine formulations for antipsychotic-induced sexual dysfunction. Although the effectiveness of Saikokaryukotsuboreito needs to be tested in systematic clinical trials, this herbal medicine may be a treatment option to consider for this annoying side effect. PMID:24587934

  19. Nonsyndromic Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia With PTPN11 Mutation in a 9-Year-old Girl.

    PubMed

    Sarper, Nazan; Gelen, Sema Aylan; Zengin, Emine; Demirsoy, U?ur; Erçin, Cengiz

    2015-08-01

    A 9.5-year-old girl with malaise, fever, massive hepatosplenomegaly, anemia, leukocytosis (37.9×10/L), monocytosis (1.48×10/L), and thrombocytopenia is presented. Hemoglobin F was increased (18%). Bone marrow erythroid/myeloid ratio was 40/1 with 7% myeloblast and 5% monocyte suggesting erythroleukemia or juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). The patient had a fulminant course with respiratory compromise and died in 2 weeks before heterozygous somatic mutation in the PTPN11 gene was shown. JMML must be considered also in the patients older than 6 years. A cytopenic phase may precede JMML. Leucocytosis may be transient and there may be predominance of erythroid precursors in the bone marrow. PMID:26181421

  20. Rhabdomyosarcoma of spermatic cord in a 65-year-old man presenting as a groin swelling

    PubMed Central

    Prabhu, Raghunath; Natarajan, Arjun; Shenoy, Rajgopal; Vaidya, Kuldeep

    2013-01-01

    A 65-year-old man presented with a swelling in the right groin of 6?months duration. The swelling was associated with dull aching pain and the patient reported of increase in size of the swelling during lifting of heavy weights. The swelling was 6×5?cm, hard in consistency, mobile and there was no impulse of cough. Ultrasonography showed a solid mass measuring 5.3×1.5×5.2?cm arising from the spermatic cord. High-inguinal orchiectomy was performed. Histopathology revealed rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the spermatic cord. Patient was advised adjuvant chemotherapy but he refused. Spermatic cord RMS is a rare tumour derived from the undifferentiated mesoderm. It is most often observed in children and adolescents. It rarely appears after the second decade of life. It usually manifests as a painless, firm to hard mass in the inguinal canal or scrotum. Radical high-inguinal orchiectomy is the treatment of choice. PMID:23814027

  1. Cardiomyopathy Induced by Pulmonary Sequestration in a 50-Year-Old Man

    PubMed Central

    Chatelain, Shaun; Comp, Robert A.; Grace, R. Randal

    2015-01-01

    A 50-year-old black man presented at the emergency department with midsternal, nonradiating chest pressure and chronic dyspnea on exertion. Four years before the current admission, he had been diagnosed with nonischemic cardiomyopathy at another facility. After our complete evaluation, we suspected that his symptoms arose from left-to-left shunting in association with pulmonary sequestration, a congenital malformation. Our preliminary diagnosis of secondary dilated cardiomyopathy was confirmed by normalization of the patient's ventricular size and function after lobectomy. To our knowledge, this patient is the oldest on record to present with cardiomyopathy consequent to pulmonary sequestration. His case is highly unusual because of his age and the rapid resolution of his symptoms after lobectomy. We believe that pulmonary sequestration should be included in the differential diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy. PMID:25873803

  2. Cough syncope in a 43-year-old woman with glomus jugulare tumor.

    PubMed

    Bandyopadhyay, Susanta; Sonmezturk, Hasan; Abou-Khalil, Bassel; Haas, Kevin F

    2014-01-01

    We present an unusual case of recurrent cough syncope in a 43-year-old woman, which was initially thought to be seizures. Syncopal episodes were triggered by paroxysms of cough and were characterized by unresponsiveness and myoclonic jerks in her extremities. She had a left-sided glomus jugulare tumor that extended into the posterior cranial fossa with evidence of worsening communicating hydrocephalus on brain imaging. We postulate that bouts of cough produced increased intracranial pressure both by raising intrathoracic and intraabdominal pressures as well as by transient obstruction to cerebrospinal fluid flow secondary to intermittent tonsillar herniation during cough. This resulted in diffuse decrease in cerebral blood flow causing syncope. The patient's syncopal episodes decreased in frequency once an external ventricular drain was placed followed by a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Search for factors that can increase intracranial pressure seems warranted in patients with recurrent cough syncope. PMID:25667888

  3. Cough syncope in a 43-year-old woman with glomus jugulare tumor?

    PubMed Central

    Bandyopadhyay, Susanta; Sonmezturk, Hasan; Abou-Khalil, Bassel; Haas, Kevin F.

    2014-01-01

    We present an unusual case of recurrent cough syncope in a 43-year-old woman, which was initially thought to be seizures. Syncopal episodes were triggered by paroxysms of cough and were characterized by unresponsiveness and myoclonic jerks in her extremities. She had a left-sided glomus jugulare tumor that extended into the posterior cranial fossa with evidence of worsening communicating hydrocephalus on brain imaging. We postulate that bouts of cough produced increased intracranial pressure both by raising intrathoracic and intraabdominal pressures as well as by transient obstruction to cerebrospinal fluid flow secondary to intermittent tonsillar herniation during cough. This resulted in diffuse decrease in cerebral blood flow causing syncope. The patient's syncopal episodes decreased in frequency once an external ventricular drain was placed followed by a ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Search for factors that can increase intracranial pressure seems warranted in patients with recurrent cough syncope. PMID:25667888

  4. Unilateral hypoplasia of the trapezius muscle in a 10-year-old boy: a case report.

    PubMed

    Witbreuk, Melinda M; Lambert, Simon M; Eastwood, Deborah M

    2007-05-01

    We present a 10-year-old boy with a partial absence of or a hypoplastic right trapezius. At present, his only concern is shoulder asymmetry. No family history of significance and no history of trauma exist. His radiographs confirm changes in bony anatomy secondary to the altered balance of muscle forces on the skeleton. We have not identified any other clinical report of a partial or total absence of the trapezius although it has been defined in cadaveric cases. Similarly, some papers have described an absence of trapezius in combination with other abnormalities. In these cases, an abnormal blood supply has been described in contrast to the normal neurovascular anatomy identified in the cadaveric cases with partial absence. If this patient develops painful disability, the Eden-Lange procedure may be an appropriate treatment as for patients with spinal accessory nerve palsies. PMID:17414789

  5. [A case of gynandroblastoma in a 16-year old girl and review of literature].

    PubMed

    Marinova, P; Ivanova, R; Veselinova, T; Jordanova, B

    2015-01-01

    An ovarian tumor (gynandroblastoma) in a 16-year old girl is reported. Clinical presentation include abdominal pain, signs of virilization and irregular menstrual cycles. Ultrasound scan examination reveals a cystic mass in a left ovary. The patient underwent a left ovariosalpingectomy. Grossly, a cystic mass (73 x 42 x 36 mm) with smooth outer surface and with many cysts was found in the left ovary. The intraoperative diagnosis was ovarian adenocarcinoma. Postoperative histological examination reveals that the tumor was presented by two patterns- nodules and nests of juvenile granulose cell pattern admixed with Sertoli-Leydig pattern as tubules and cyst and scanty Sertoli cells. On immunohistochemical staining the Granulosa cells were negative for cytokeratin AE1-AE3 and positive for Vimentin. The Sertoli cells were androgen receptor positive. A year after operation the patient had no abdominal pain, the menstrual cycles are regular but the virilization persist. Histogenesis and differential diagnosis are discussed. PMID:25909131

  6. Cockroach allergy and asthma in a 30-year-old man.

    PubMed Central

    O'Connor, G T; Gold, D R

    1999-01-01

    A growing body of evidence has implicated allergens derived from cockroaches as an important environmental factor that may aggravate asthma in sensitized persons. We present the case of a 30-year-old man with asthma and a cockroach allergy. Allergy skin testing confirmed hypersensitivity to cockroach extract, and a home visit revealed visual evidence of infestation and the presence of Bla g 1 German cockroach allergen in vacuumed dust. As is typical of patients with a cockroach allergy and asthma, multiple factors in addition to cockroach allergen appeared to aggravate the patient's asthma. A multimodality therapeutic regimen, which included medications as well as cleaning of the home, integrated pest management, and professional application of chemical controls, resulted in substantial clinical improvement. The pathophysiology, epidemiology, and clinical features of cockroach-allergic asthma are reviewed, and an approach to diagnosis and management is suggested. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:10064555

  7. Subclavian vein thrombosis in an otherwise healthy 9-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Young, Katie; Tunstall, Oliver; Mumford, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    We report a previously well 9-year-old boy who presented with an acutely swollen left arm after horse riding. Left subclavian vein thrombosis was demonstrated by MR venography but there was no evidence of an underlying anatomical abnormality. The child was successfully treated with catheter directed thrombolysis and anticoagulation with intravenous unfractionated heparin and warfarin. We have identified 75 previously published case reports of effort-induced upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) and surveyed patient characteristics and precipitating activities. In this case and literature review, we demonstrate that individuals with effort-induced UEDVT show demographic characteristics and presenting features that are distinct from other patient groups with venous thromboembolic disease. We also highlight the difficulties in counselling affected individuals about modifying occupational and recreational activities to minimise the risk of recurrent thrombosis. PMID:24855075

  8. Cor Triatriatum Dexter and Atrial Septal Defect in a 43-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Kosevic, Dragana; Milicic, Miroslav; Jovovic, Ljiljana; Stojanovic, Ivan; Micovic, Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare congenital heart anomaly in which a membrane divides the right atrium into 2 chambers. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who had cor triatriatum dexter and a large atrial septal defect. During attempted percutaneous closure, the balloon disrupted the membrane and revealed that the defect had no inferior rim, precluding secure placement of an Amplatzer Septal Occluder. Surgical treatment subsequently proved to be successful. In patients with an incomplete membrane and a septal defect with well-defined rims, percutaneous treatment can be the first choice. In patients who have cor triatriatum dexter and unfavorable anatomic features or concomitant complex heart anomalies, open-heart surgery remains the gold standard for treatment. PMID:25120397

  9. Cor triatriatum dexter and atrial septal defect in a 43-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Vukovic, Petar M; Kosevic, Dragana; Milicic, Miroslav; Jovovic, Ljiljana; Stojanovic, Ivan; Micovic, Slobodan

    2014-08-01

    Cor triatriatum dexter is a rare congenital heart anomaly in which a membrane divides the right atrium into 2 chambers. We report the case of a 43-year-old woman who had cor triatriatum dexter and a large atrial septal defect. During attempted percutaneous closure, the balloon disrupted the membrane and revealed that the defect had no inferior rim, precluding secure placement of an Amplatzer Septal Occluder. Surgical treatment subsequently proved to be successful. In patients with an incomplete membrane and a septal defect with well-defined rims, percutaneous treatment can be the first choice. In patients who have cor triatriatum dexter and unfavorable anatomic features or concomitant complex heart anomalies, open-heart surgery remains the gold standard for treatment. PMID:25120397

  10. A new form of shoulder dysplasia in an 11-year-old boy

    PubMed Central

    Bichler, Jennifer; Arbogast, Martin; Krumrey-Langkammerer, Manuela; Hugle, Boris

    2014-01-01

    Pain and impaired function in the shoulder can result from a variety of conditions. Dysplasias of the shoulder girdle are usually asymptomatic; previous literature reports on shoulder malformation have focused on glenoid dysplasia or complete agenesis of the clavicle. We report the case of an 11 year old patient with severe shoulder pain after strenuous physical exercise. Physical inspection showed a prominent clavicle and anteriorly displaced humerus. X-ray demonstrated an abnormally shortened clavicle and a hypoplastic acromion; MRI imaging revealed an elongated deltoid muscle leading over the humeral head. The patient recovered with analgesics and careful mobilization. This is the first reported case of a dysplasia of both the acromion and the clavicle. This developmental abnormality can lead to significant pain, but apparently responds well to conservative treatment. It is possible that this condition is underdiagnosed or represents significantly delayed development. PMID:25426235

  11. Oral submucous fibrosis: a premalignant condition in a 14-year-old Indian girl.

    PubMed

    Deshpande, Anshula; Kiran, Shital; Dhillon, Steffi; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old Indian girl presented with difficulty in mouth opening and burning sensation while eating. On examination, blanching of the oral mucosa with diffuse white pigmented lesion of size 3.5 to 2 cm along with melanotic pigmentation was seen on the left buccal mucosa posteriorly. The patient was diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis. A comprehensive treatment plan was made based on conservative management that included motivation and intense counselling of the patient and her parents so that she quits the habit of chewing areca nut and tobacco, along with systemic treatment of vitamin B complex supplements, antioxidants, multivitamins and oral physiotherapy. We present this case to highlight the difficulties faced by the clinical practitioners in providing treatment because of the taboos and myths associated with surgical treatment modality in rural population as well as to emphasise the menace of increasing consumption and availability of tobacco and areca nut to children. PMID:24334472

  12. [Perioperative management of off-pump CABG for a 93-year-old man].

    PubMed

    Yara, Miki; Tomino, Mikiko; Miyata, Kazuto; Ishida, Yusuke; Saiki, Iwao; Seta, Nayuko; Hara, Naomi; Uchino, Hiroyuki

    2014-10-01

    In recent years, the aging population has been growing, and the operative techniques and anesthetic methods have advanced. With these developments and medical support, the number of operations on very elderly patients has been increasing. We report the perioperative management of off-pump CABG for a 93-year-old man. When the heart was displaced during the operation, hypotension was induced and a marked reduction of his bispectral index (BIS) to "1" appeared. During the perioperative period, the patient developed delirium that was difficult to manage, but he was discharged from the hospital without any complications on POD 21. As part of the perioperative management, intraoperative cerebral circulatory management with attention to cerebral perfusion and prevention of postoperative delirium is crucial. PMID:25693348

  13. Open posterior dislocation of hip in a 6-year-old boy: a rare case report.

    PubMed

    Mahindra, Pankaj; Soni, Ashwani; Yamin, Mohd; Selhi, Harpal S; Soni, Vimlesh

    2015-07-01

    Open hip dislocation in pediatric patients is a rare injury. Open posterior dislocation because of soft tissue damage is unstable after reduction. There is no treatment protocol in the literature for this injury in pediatric patients. We treated a 6-year-old boy presented with open posterior hip dislocation. Thorough debridement was performed and antibiotics were administered to prevent infection, and fixation of reduction with Kirschner-wires (K-wires) was performed. Nonthreaded K-wires were used under an image intensifier to minimize the risk of physeal injury. A hip spica cast was used to prevent the breakage of K-wires into the joint because of movements at the hip. PMID:25521259

  14. A 26-year-old female with metastatic primary gastrointestinal malignancy presenting as menorrhagia.

    PubMed

    Khan, Maliha; Bhatti, Ravinder Pal; Mukherjee, Sarbajit; Ali, Alaa M; Gilman, Alan D; Mirrakhimov, Aibek E; Iroegbu, Nkemakolam

    2015-04-01

    Krukenberg tumor is a metastatic malignant tumor of the ovary arising from a wide variety of primary sources, with the stomach being the most common. The presenting symptoms are non-specific and the primary source is often un-identified. Here, we describe a case of a 26-year-old Hispanic gravida 4, para 3 female who presented to our hospital with dysuria, pelvic pain and irregular, heavy menstrual cycles for three months duration. An endometrial biopsy was suggestive of carcinosarcoma. The patient underwent debulking surgery with partial cystectomy and bladder repair. A week later, she presented with hematemesis and an endoscopic biopsy revealed a diagnosis of poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinoma. The tissue specimen obtained during the initial surgery was identified as Krukenberg tumor. The patient underwent adjuvant chemotherapy with FOLFOX along with gastrectomy with intraperitoneal chemotherapy. PMID:25830046

  15. [An 80-year-old female with pneumopericardium due to gastric perforation].

    PubMed

    Mukai, M; Ninomiya, T; Ochi, N; Hamada, M

    1995-02-01

    An 80-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of chest oppression and general malaise. On admission, auscultation of the heart revealed friction rub, so-called water-wheel like murmur. Chest X-ray film and computed tomography showed cardiomegaly and free air in the pericardium. Electrocardiogram showed low voltage with ST elevation in II, III, aVF and V1-V4. These findings suggested that the patient had pneumopericardium with pericarditis. Wenchebach type A-V block and atrial bradycardia appeared. Thus, the ventricular pacing was performed. However, patient died of multiple organ failure. The postmortempericardiography showed the gastro-pericardial fistula with hiatus hernia. PMID:7776535

  16. Benign osteoblastoma of the mandible in a 12-year-old female: A case report.

    PubMed

    Mardaleishvili, Konstantine; Kakabadze, Zurab; Machavariani, Avtandil; Grdzelidze, Teimuraz; Kakabadze, Anna; Sukhitashvili, Natia; Kurashvili, Tamar; Shonia, Nestan; Menabde, Giorgi; Abiatari, Ivane

    2014-12-01

    Benign osteoblastoma refers to a benign tumor of the bone. Osteoblastoma most commonly affects the vertebrae and long tubular bones, however, in rare cases is observed in the facial bones. The current study presents the case of a 12-year-old female patient with a tumor in the mandibular body. Radiological imaging revealed a lesion with regular contours. The lesion was radically resected and histological analysis of the specimen demonstrated features that are typical of a benign osteoblastoma. The consequential defects of the jaw were reconstructed using titanium implants and autologous bone transplantation. The patient remains disease free subsequent to a five-month follow-up period. The aim of the present report is to present a rare case of benign osteoblastoma of the mandible. This study demonstrated that correct diagnosis and complete surgical excision are important to reduce the risk of recurrence of a benign osteoblastoma. PMID:25364451

  17. Social anxiety and dissociation among male patients with alcohol dependency.

    PubMed

    Evren, Cuneyt; Sar, Vedat; Dalbudak, Ercan; Oncu, Fatih; Cakmak, Duran

    2009-02-28

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between social anxiety and dissociation among male patients with alcohol dependency. Participants were 176 male patients consecutively admitted to an alcohol dependency treatment unit. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale, the Dissociative Experiences Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, the Spielberger State and Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised were administered to all participants. The dissociative (N=58, 33.0%) group had significantly higher social anxiety scores than the non-dissociative participants. Patients with a history of suicide attempt or childhood abuse had elevated social anxiety scores compared to those without. In multivariate analysis, dissociative taxon membership predicted both of the two social anxiety subscale scores consisting of fear/anxiety and avoidance in a highly significant level while trait anxiety was a significant covariant for these subscales. Among dissociative symptoms, only depersonalization and amnesia/fugue were predictors of social anxiety. Dissociation and social anxiety are interrelated among alcohol-dependent men. This relationship may have implications for prevention and treatment of alcohol dependency among men with a childhood trauma history in particular. PMID:19162331

  18. Reduced expression of ELAVL4 in male meningioma patients.

    PubMed

    Stawski, Robert; Piaskowski, Sylwester; Stoczynska-Fidelus, Ewelina; Wozniak, Krystyna; Bienkowski, Michal; Zakrzewska, Magdalena; Witusik-Perkowska, Monika; Jaskolski, Dariusz J; Och, Waldemar; Papierz, Wielislaw; Sikorska, Beata; Rieske, Piotr; Liberski, Pawel P

    2013-07-01

    Meningioma is a frequently occurring tumor of the central nervous system. Among many genetic alternations, the loss of the short arm of chromosome 1 is the second most frequent chromosomal abnormality observed in these tumors. Here, we focused on the previously described and well-established minimal deletion regions of chromosome 1. In accordance with the Knudson suppressor theory, we designed an analysis of putative suppressor genes localized in the described minimal deletion regions. The purpose was to determine the molecular background of the gender-specific occurrence of meningiomas. A total of 149 samples were examined for loss of heterozygosity (LOH). In addition, 57 tumor samples were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction. We examined the association between the expression of selected genes and patient age, gender, tumor grade and presence of 1p loss. Furthermore, we performed an analysis of the most stable internal control for real-time analysis in meningiomas. LOH analysis revealed gender-specific discrepancies in the frequency of 1p aberrations. Moreover, statistical correlation between the gene expression level and gender was significant for the ELAVL4 gene as we found it to be lower in males than in females. We conclude that meningiomas present different features depending on patient gender. We suggest that ELAVL4 can be involved in the pathogenesis of meningiomas in male patients. PMID:22965691

  19. T8 spinal cord transection in a 6-year-old child

    PubMed Central

    St Clair, Selvon F.; Silverstein, Michael; Lieberman, Isador

    2012-01-01

    Study design:?Case report. Objective:?To describe a case of spinal cord transection in a 6-year-old child. Background information:?Non-missile injury of the spinal cord is not common and its incidence varies according to the country. In addition, to our knowledge, there are no published reports of spinal cord injury (SCI) from a penetrating nail. Here, we report the case of a child who developed complete SCI because of cord transection by a nail. Methods:?A detailed history and physical examination were performed along with careful review of the patient's medical records. In addition, a review of the literature was conducted to assess the incidence and treatment of similar injuries. Case description:?A 6-year-old boy was admitted to the hospital after falling from a tree and landing on a nail. His physical examination revealed an emaciated child with multiple decubitus ulcers, lying on his side in bed. Visible was a well-healed posterior puncture wound at the T8 vertebral level. On neurological examination, the patient had 0/5 muscle strength in his lower extremities, symmetrical areflexia, and hypoesthesia below the T8 level. Plain x-ray of the thoracolumbar spine was normal. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a transected spinal cord at the T8 vertebra, consistent with his nail puncture wound. Discussion:?This report describes an unusual case of a complete SCI in a pediatric patient caused by penetrating trauma from a nail. To our knowledge, this is the first case to report on complete SCI due to trauma from a nail. PMID:23526907

  20. Sperm counts and sperm sex ratio in male infertility patients.

    PubMed

    Eisenberg, Michael L; Murthy, Lata; Hwang, Kathleen; Lamb, Dolores J; Lipshultz, Larry I

    2012-09-01

    In recent years, investigators have noted a trend toward a declining proportion of male births in many industrialized nations. While men bear the sex-determining chromosome, the role of the female partner as it pertains to fertilization or miscarriage may also alter the gender ratio. We attempted to determine a man's secondary sex ratio (F1 generation) by directly examining the sex chromosomes of his sperm. We examined our male infertility clinic database for all men who had undergone a semen fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Patient demographic and semen parameters were recorded. Chi-squared analysis was used to compare gender ratios (Y chromosomes/total chromosomes). Multivariable logistic regression was used to predict the odds of possessing a Y-bearing sperm after accounting for demographic and semen parameters. A total of 185 men underwent sperm FISH. For the entire cohort, the proportion of Y chromosome-bearing sperm was 51.5%. Men with less than five million motile sperm had a significantly lower proportion of Y chromosome-bearing sperm (50.8%) compared to men with higher sperm counts (51.6%; P=0.02). After multivariable adjustment, a higher sperm concentration, total motile sperm count and semen volume significantly increased the odds of having a Y chromosome-bearing sperm (P<0.01). As a man's sperm production declines, so does the proportion of Y chromosome-bearing sperm. Thus, a man's reproductive potential may predict his ability to sire male offspring. PMID:22842703

  1. 75 FR 76636 - Anthropomorphic Test Devices; Hybrid III 6-Year-Old Child Test Dummy, Hybrid III 6-Year-Old...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-09

    This final rule makes two changes to the agency's specifications for the Hybrid III six-year-old child dummy, and the Hybrid III six-year-old weighted child test dummy. First, to improve the durability of the dummies' femurs we are changing the design of and material used for the femur assembly. Second, we correct the drawings for the abdomen insert so that the abdominal insert dimensions on the......

  2. Prolonged QT Syndrome in a 27-Year-Old Female Presenting as a Cardiac Arrest after Elective Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Mirrakhimov, Aibek E.; Voore, Prakruthi; Ali, Alaa M.

    2014-01-01

    Cardiac arrest is a true medical emergency and clinicians should base the management on American Heart Association advanced cardiac life support algorithm. The potential triggers of cardiac arrest should be sought. We present a case of a 27-year-old female who developed cardiac arrest and was later found to have congenital long QT syndrome. The patient's outcome was favorable. Discussion of the key management options will be discussed in the text. PMID:25431685

  3. Laparoscope-assisted distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer in a 76-year-old man with situs inversus totalis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Yamaguchi; H. Orita; T. Yamaoka; S. Mii; H. Sakata; M. Hashizume

    We report a case of a 76-year-old man with situs inversus totalis (SIT) who developed early gastric cancer. He was successfully treated by laparoscope-assisted distal gastrectomy for the gastric cancer. This case suggests that patients with SIT with malignancy could also undergo laparoscopic surgery. To the best of our knowledge, no case of laparoscopic surgery for malignant neoplasms associated with

  4. Rupture of the abdominal aorta in a 13-year-old girl secondary to Behçet disease: a case report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Veysel Kutay; Cevat Yakut; Hasan Ekim

    2004-01-01

    Behçet disease is a multisystemic vasculitis of unknown origin. The vascular complications as a result of the disease are rare in the pediatric age group. We report a 13-year-old patient with vasculo–Behçet disease with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm without a formerly known history of Behçet disease. Urgent aortoiliac bypass with a polytetrafluoroethylene graft was performed with success, and the

  5. Effect of thymectomy on myasthenia gravis and autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura in a 13-year-old girl

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. H. P. Jansen; W. O. Renier; G. de Vaan; P. Reekers; D. M. Vingerhoets; F. J. M. Gabreëls

    1987-01-01

    We report the association of myasthenia gravis (MG) and autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura (AITP) in a 13-year-old girl.\\u000a The co-existence of these autoimmune diseases is rare in adults and, to our knowledge, never described in children. In our\\u000a patient thymectomy had a therapeutic effect on both MG and AITP, suggesting a altered T-cell function as a pathogenic factor\\u000a of major importance

  6. Early attachment predicts emotion recognition at 6 and 11 years old

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Steele; Miriam Steele; Carla Croft

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on findings from a sample of 63 children at 6 years old, and 49 children at 11 years old, all from the same cohort who had been observed with mother in the Strange Situation at 1-year-old. At 6 and 11 years, the children responded to the task of providing verbal labels for line-drawn (caricatures of) emotion faces.

  7. Unexplained refractory iron-deficiency anaemia in a 41-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    de Matthaeis, N; Rapaccini, G L; Riccardi, L; Pugliese, D

    2010-01-01

    The clinical and instrumental findings revealed a case of autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome (APS) type 3B+C in a 41-year-old Caucasian woman with unexplained refractory iron-deficiency anaemia secondary to autoimmune atrophic gastritis and a long-term history of two different autoimmune diseases—Hashimoto's disease and vitiligo. Indeed the occurrence in the same patient of three or more autoimmune diseases defines APS. The first classification of APS was suggested by Neufeld and Blizzard in 1980 and it included four main types of APS on the basis of clinical features. The only case of APS type 3B+C was described by Amerio et al in 2006. PMID:22766574

  8. Acute acalculous cholecystitis in a 17-year-old girl with Epstein-Barr virus infection

    PubMed Central

    Paw?owska-Kamieniak, Agnieszka; Go?yska, Dorota; Kominek, Katarzyna; Pac-Kozuchowska, El?bieta

    2015-01-01

    Acute cholecystitis is most frequently concomitant with cholelithiasis, whereas acute acalculous cholecystitis is usually of an infectious aetiology. Among the aetiological factors, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is also mentioned. The case of a 17-year-old girl is described, hospitalised in the Children's Clinical Hospital, Paediatric Clinic, at the Medical University in Lublin, due to fever, upper abdomen pain lasting for a week, and nausea for several days. Based on the diagnostic – laboratory tests performed and ultrasonographic examination, acute acalculous cholecystitis was diagnosed, taking course with elevated aminotransferase activity and features of cholestasis. Serological tests confirmed an acute infection with Epstein-Barr virus. After 2 weeks of hospitalisation, the patient, receiving conservative treatment, was discharged home in good condition. A follow-up examination performed 2 weeks later did not show deviation from normal. PMID:25960817

  9. 29-year-old man presenting with progressive dyspnea, oculocutaneous albinism, and epistaxis.

    PubMed

    Asefi, Golriz; Lahiji, Arta; Kamangar, Nader

    2015-06-01

    A 29-year-old man with a history of oculocutaneous albinism presented to the ED complaining of progressive dyspnea on exertion. One month prior to admission, the patient had begun to experience worsening dyspnea provoked by routine household activities. Additionally, he had developed a nonproductive cough, exacerbated by cold weather. He denied associated chest pain, hemoptysis, fever, chills, or night sweats. He denied any new exposures or sick contacts in the recent past. A review of systems was significant for a history of epistaxis and frequent bruising. Born in Honduras, he had immigrated to the United States approximately 10 years prior to his presentation to our facility. Furthermore, there was no family history of albinism, bleeding disorders, or pulmonary disease. PMID:26033137

  10. Leiomyosarcoma of the Spermatic Cord in a Seventy-Five-Year-Old man

    PubMed Central

    Dehghan, Arash; Sami, Ghazal; Eskandari, Nika

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Leiomyosarcoma is a malignant soft tissue tumor that can arise from any tissue containing smooth muscle. Leiomyosarcomas of the spermatic cord are rare tumors of non-testicular origin, which drain into the retroperitoneal lymph nodes and have been reported in less than 150 cases in the literature until now. Radical inguinal orchiectomy and high ligation of the cord is the standard primary surgical procedure in spermatic cord leiomyosarcoma. Case Presentation: Here we reported a 75-year-old man who presented with a painless lump in the right hemiscrotum. A right radical orchiectomy was performed. Histopathology confirmed a neoplastic tissue with mesenchymal origin in spermatic cord; further evaluation revealed a leiomyosarcoma of the spermatic cord. The patient was followed up for 1-year and shows no signs of recurrence Conclusions: Preoperative diagnosis of spermatic cord leiomyosarcma is difficult and commonly made by histological examination and immunochemical staining. PMID:25738126

  11. Pesticide-induced quadriplegia in a 55-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Beavers, Charles T; Parker, Joseph J; Flinchum, Dane A; Weakley-Jones, Barbara A; Jortani, Saeed A

    2014-12-01

    Acephate is a commercial organophosphate pesticide formerly used in households and now used primarily for agriculture. Poisoning symptoms include salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation, gastrointestinal illness, and emesis. In addition to these classic symptoms, neurodegeneration can result from increased and continued exposure of organophosphates. This 55-year-old woman presented with organophosphate-induced delayed neuropathy in the form of quadriplegia due to the commonly used pesticide acephate. She was exposed to this pesticide through multiple sprayings in her work office with underrecognized poisoning symptoms. She presented to her primary care physician with neuropathic pain and paralysis in her arm following the sprayings and eventual complete paralysis. The patient lived for 2 years following her toxic exposure and quadriplegia. A complete autopsy after her death confirmed a transverse myelitis in her spinal cord. We conclude that in susceptible individuals, acephate in excessive amounts can produce severe delayed neurotoxicity as demonstrated in animal studies. PMID:25354225

  12. Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita in a 17-year-old boy with Crohn's disease.

    PubMed

    Russo, Irene; Ferrazzi, Anna; Zanetti, Irene; Alaibac, Mauro

    2015-01-01

    Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is a rare, acquired, autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease of the skin, characterised by blisters and erosions, especially in trauma-prone sites and extensor skin surface, scarring with formation of milia, skin fragility and nail dystrophy. Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita is extremely rare in childhood and it has been reported to be frequently associated with Crohn's disease. Furthermore, autoantibodies against type VII collagen have been found in a large number of patients with Crohn's disease without epidermolysis bullosa acquisita. We report a case of a 17-year-old boy affected by Crohn's disease who presented with milia on infiltrated erythematous plaques over the back of the hands. The diagnosis of epidermolysis bullosa acquisita was confirmed by histopathology, direct and indirect immunofluorescence analysis and ELISA. PMID:26163555

  13. Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation for a 7-year-old girl with choledocholithiasis.

    PubMed

    Sogo, Tsuyoshi; Kondo, Takeo; Tsunoda, Tomoyuki; Murayama, Akitoshi; Komatsu, Haruki; Inui, Ayano; Fujisawa, Tomoo

    2013-04-01

    A 7-year-old girl was referred to our hospital for severe abdominal pain and elevated serum levels of amylase and aminotransferase. Radiological examinations revealed choledocholithiasis. EPBD was performed under intravenous anesthesia using midazolam and ketamine chloride. After fluoroscopic confirmation of a bile duct stone, a dilation balloon (30 mm-long, 8 mm-diameter) was passed over the guidewire and placed across the papilla. The balloon was gradually inflated until the notch created by the papillary sphincter disappeared. At 4 atm, the notch disappeared and the pressure was maintained for 15 s. Stone extraction was performed by using a retrieval balloon catheter. Abdominal pain disappeared immediately after EPBD, and she resumed oral intake 2 days after EPBD. In conclusion, EPBD may be a safe and effective technique for the treatment of choledocholithiasis in pediatric patients. EPDB should be selected as a treatment for pediatric choledocholithiasis in view of its advantages of preserving papillary function. PMID:23679173

  14. A 79-year-old-man with a 'niveau' on a chest radiograph.

    PubMed

    Suu, Kanae; Kato, Takao; Inoko, Moriaki

    2015-01-01

    A 79-year-old man was referred to the emergency room following a sudden episode of 'spitting blood', with a blood pressure of 128 (systolic) and 75?mm?Hg (diastolic) and a heart rate of 60?bpm. His medical history included the treatment of gastric cancer and untreated hypertension. At that time, his symptoms were limited without any chest, back or abdominal pain. After a presentation of haemoptysis was confirmed, a chest radiograph revealed an air-fluid level (a 'niveau') that was continuous towards the enlarged thoracic aorta and the thoracic cavity. Contrast-enhanced CT was subsequently performed, and revealed an aortic dissection and a pneumothorax adjacent to the dissection, accompanied by blood pooling in the thoracic cavity. The patient died 40?min after the admission to the emergency room due to an additional haemoptysis. The autopsy confirmed the diagnosis of a ruptured aortic dissection with pneumothorax. PMID:26150617

  15. A 46-year-old woman with left shoulder pain and worsening dyspnea.

    PubMed

    Liu, Shuang; Li, Xiaoyun; Huang, Xiaoyong; Li, Tiezheng; Yang, Ya; Qiao, Renli

    2014-09-01

    A 46-year-old woman presented with worsening dyspnea and palpitations for 3 days following an episode of left shoulder pain. The patient had received a diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus with Eisenmenger syndrome in childhood but had been inconsistently taking digoxin and diuretics since then. She was married but had never been pregnant. Over the previous 2 to 3 years, her exercise capacity had decreased significantly, with frequent episodes of near syncope and chest pain. She had developed bilateral leg edema. Three days prior to admission, she noticed an episode of severe, sharp pain in her left shoulder that was nonradiating but associated with palpitations and sweating and that lasted for about 20 min. The shoulder pain subsided spontaneously but her dyspnea worsened significantly, which prompted her to present to the ED. PMID:25180748

  16. A 33-year-old Haitian immigrant with 7 months of abdominal pain and progressive distension

    PubMed Central

    Farhadian, Shelli; Shenoi, Sheela V; Villanueva, Merceditas S

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY We report a case of a 33-year-old previously healthy Haitian immigrant with a 7-month history of abdominal pain, fever and ascites. He had a history of positive tuberculin skin test but never underwent treatment for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection. Initial examination showed abdominal distension. Abdominal CT scan showed mild ascites, abnormal soft tissue in the greater omentum and small bowel mesentery, retroperitoneal adenopathy, peritoneal thickening and dilated loops of small bowel. Paracentesis and thoracentesis were initially non-diagnostic. HIV testing was negative. The differential diagnosis included lymphoma and TB peritonitis. The omental mass was biopsied under ultrasound guidance, and histopathology revealed non-necrotising granulomas. Sputum cultures and omental biopsy cultures subsequently grew Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and a diagnosis was made of pulmonary TB with TB peritonitis. The patient responded well to the initiation of anti-TB treatment. PMID:25008341

  17. Effect of Patients' Sex, Physicians' Attributes, and Patients' Complaint on Patients' Preference for Male vs Female Physicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, F. Susan Ackerman; Sochat N.

    In view of the dramatic increase in the number of women graduating from medical school in each of the past five years, this study explored patients' preferences for male versus female physicians. A questionnaire was designed to determine the patients' physician preferences in regard to each of the following areas: the sex of patient; the physician…

  18. Benign Breast Cyst without Associated Gynecomastia in a Male Patient: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Parsian, Sana; Rahbar, Habib; Rendi, Mara H.; Lehman, Constance D.

    2011-01-01

    Benign simple breast cysts are commonly seen in female breasts and can present as palpable masses. They are distinctly uncommon, however, in the male breast. We report a case of simple benign cyst of the breast in a 58-year-old man newly diagnosed with mantel cell lymphoma. The cyst was first identified incidentally on a staging contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography. Further evaluation with mammography and ultrasound revealed a mass that would be typically characterized as a benign simple cyst, but was biopsied since cysts are not known to occur in male breasts. Pathology results from ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy revealed benign cyst and focal fibrosis which was concordant with the imaging findings. In this case report, we will briefly discuss breast cysts in men and their imaging features including mammography and ultrasound. PMID:22470772

  19. Neurologic aspects of MECP2 gene duplication in male patients.

    PubMed

    Echenne, Bernard; Roubertie, Agathe; Lugtenberg, Dorien; Kleefstra, Titske; Hamel, Ben C J; Van Bokhoven, Hans; Lacombe, Didier; Philippe, Christophe; Jonveaux, Philippe; de Brouwer, Arjan P M

    2009-09-01

    Duplications in Xq28 involving the methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) have been described in male patients with severe mental disability, delayed milestones, absence of language, hypotonia replaced by spasticity and retractions, and recurrent and often severe infections. In a study involving five patients in two families, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification was used to screen the Xq28 region that includes MECP2, focusing on the presence of gene duplications. Some manifestations of the disease observed in these patients may occur less regularly than the classical abnormalities. Epilepsy with frequent seizures of the myoclonic-astatic type was observed in these patients and was associated with a slowing of the background electroencephalographic activity, rather than the generalized spike-waves or polyspike-waves usually observed in this type of seizure. In addition, cerebral abnormalities were observed with magnetic resonance imaging that were inconstant and nonspecific but that could nonetheless assist in diagnosis of this genetic pathology. PMID:19664534

  20. From coitus to concurrency: sexual partnership characteristics and risk behaviors of 15–19 year old men recruited from urban venues in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    Yamanis, Thespina J.; Doherty, Irene A.; Weir, Sharon S.; Bowling, James M.; Kajula, Lusajo J.; Mbwambo, Jessie K.; Maman, Suzanne

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the uptake and patterns of sexual partnerships of adolescent males reveals their risky behaviors that could persist into adulthood. Using venue-based sampling, we surveyed 671 male youth ages 15–19 from an urban Tanzanian neighborhood about their sexual partnerships during the past six months. The proportion of males who had ever had sex increased with age (21% at age 15; 70% at age 17; 94% at age 19), as did the proportion who engaged in concurrency (5% at age 15; 28% at age 17; 44% at age 19). Attendance at ?2 social venues per day and meeting a sexual partner at a venue was associated with concurrency. Concurrency was associated with alcohol consumption before sex among 18–19 year olds and with not being in school among 15–17 year olds. We find that concurrency becomes normative over male adolescence. Venue-based sampling may reach youth vulnerable to developing risky sexual partnership patterns. PMID:22990763

  1. From coitus to concurrency: sexual partnership characteristics and risk behaviors of 15-19 year old men recruited from urban venues in Tanzania.

    PubMed

    Yamanis, Thespina J; Doherty, Irene A; Weir, Sharon S; Bowling, James M; Kajula, Lusajo J; Mbwambo, Jessie K; Maman, Suzanne

    2013-09-01

    Understanding the uptake and patterns of sexual partnerships of adolescent males reveals their risky behaviors that could persist into adulthood. Using venue-based sampling, we surveyed 671 male youth ages 15-19 from an urban Tanzanian neighborhood about their sexual partnerships during the past 6 months. The proportion of males who had ever had sex increased with age (21 % at age 15; 70 % at age 17; 94 % at age 19), as did the proportion who engaged in concurrency (5 % at age 15; 28 % at age 17; 44 % at age 19). Attendance at ?2 social venues per day and meeting a sexual partner at a venue was associated with concurrency. Concurrency was associated with alcohol consumption before sex among 18-19 year olds and with not being in school among 15-17 year olds. We find that concurrency becomes normative over male adolescence. Venue-based sampling may reach youth vulnerable to developing risky sexual partnership patterns. PMID:22990763

  2. The prevalence of middle ear diseases among 7- to 13-year-old primary school students in Yozgat province.

    PubMed

    Ozkiri?, Mahmut; Kapusuz, Zeliha; Saydam, Levent

    2012-01-01

    External and/or middle ear pathologies are commonly encountered by otolaryngologists, family practitioners and pediatricians. If left undiagnosed, these conditions may result in significant irreversible damage such as varying degree of hearing loss that can affect the social or professional performance of the individuals in later stages of life. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of several external and/or middle ear diseases among 7-13-year-old primary school students in Yozgat province. The province of Yozgat serves as a transition point between the Central Anatolian and Black Sea regions of Turkey. Nine hundred and seventy-eight primary school students were included in the study between March 1, 2012 and March 15, 2012. All subjects underwent a routine ear examination in school with a diagnostic otoscope. The students with pathologic ear findings were further evaluated to identify the underlying process. The age range of 978 students (527 males, 451 females) was 7 to 13 (mean: 10.5) years. Tympanic membrane (TM) pathology was detected in 33 (3.37%) of the cases overall. Of the cases, 3 (0.30%) had TM perforation, 11 (1.12%) had myringosclerosis (MS), 13 (1.32%) had serous otitis media, 1 (0.10%) had atresia of the left ear, and 4 (0.40%) had retraction pocket. One patient (0.10%) had undergone a left cochlear implantation procedure. The results of our study seem to be comparable with the other studies reported in the literature. Routine periodic ear examinations during the primary school ages are mandatory to obtain the exact prevalence of these pathologies in the entire population. We believe that early childhood screening of middle ear disease will have a positive effect on treatment. PMID:23427512

  3. Lipid-rich carcinoma of male breast in Chinese: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Shujian; Zhao, Cui; Meng, Kai; Wang, Xilong; Jia, Zhongming; Han, Yong; Zhang, Guoqiang; Yang, Zhenlin

    2015-01-01

    Lipid-rich carcinoma of the breast is a rare variant of breast cancer, especially in males. Herein we report a case occurring in a 54-year-old male patient, who presented with a noticed painless, pea-sized lump in his left breast. Clinical examination and mammography suggested malignancy. Subsequent modified radical mastectomy revealed the diagnosis of lipid-rich carcinoma. To our knowledge, this subtype of mammary carcinoma is unprecedented in Chinese males in literature.

  4. Lipid-rich carcinoma of male breast in Chinese: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Xu, Shujian; Zhao, Cui; Meng, Kai; Wang, Xilong; Jia, Zhongming; Han, Yong; Zhang, Guoqiang; Yang, Zhenlin

    2015-01-01

    Lipid-rich carcinoma of the breast is a rare variant of breast cancer, especially in males. Herein we report a case occurring in a 54-year-old male patient, who presented with a noticed painless, pea-sized lump in his left breast. Clinical examination and mammography suggested malignancy. Subsequent modified radical mastectomy revealed the diagnosis of lipid-rich carcinoma. To our knowledge, this subtype of mammary carcinoma is unprecedented in Chinese males in literature. PMID:26064365

  5. A 94-year-old man with recurrent hypoglycemia caused by non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH)

    PubMed Central

    Alharbi, Mariam S.

    2014-01-01

    Non-islet cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a rare but serious paraneoplastic syndrome in which a tumor secretes the high molecular weight form of IGF-II, causing hypoglycemia and requiring early diagnosis and management. Here, I report a rare case of NICTH caused by fibrosarcoma in a 94-year-old male with recurrent hypoglycemia. This case report describes the clinical presentation and diagnostic and management issues involved in a case of NICTH that was diagnosed at a tertiary care institute. PMID:25780362

  6. Approach to the male patient with sexual dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Lundberg, P O

    2015-01-01

    The management of the male patient with sexual dysfunction (SD) requires special knowledge and abilities. Generally, SD is best approached from the physiologic perspective, keeping in mind that sexual functioning has important psychosocial dimensions. The history obtained from the patient and, if possible, from his partner should seek information not only on the SD, but also on coexisting neurologic or medical disorders. A list of drugs should be obtained, as many prescription drugs, even in low doses, can influence sexual function. The clinical examination, including sensory, motor, and reflex testing of the lumbosacral segments, may reveal pertinent somatic abnormalities, which in the case of a suspected peripheral nervous system lesion may be supported by clinical neurophysiologic testing. The first-line diagnostic approach includes defining the type of sexual dysfunction to allow the most appropriate therapy. Metabolic and other systemic diseases need to be ruled out. Patients suspected of having psychologic, structural, urologic, endocrinologic, or vascular etiology of SD should be referred to the appropriate specialist. PMID:26003242

  7. Coumadin-induced skin necrosis in a 64 year-old female despite LMWH bridging therapy

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Mehandar; Abrina, Vanessa Mae; Chittimireddy, Sasikala

    2012-01-01

    Summary Background: Coumadin is the standard oral anticoagulant used in a variety of clinical conditions. Coumadin inhibits the vitamin-K dependent gamma-carboxylation of coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X and the anticoagulant proteins C and S. Rarely, skin necrosis occurs when the resultant initial procoagulant state in the first few days of starting coumadin leads to thrombosis and formation of blood clots tin the dermal capillaries. This in turn causes skin necrosis due to interruption in blood supply to the skin. Case Report: We are presenting the case of a 64 year-old female admitted for acute respiratory distress secondary to newly-diagnosed pulmonary embolism. The patient was started on therapeutic doses of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and coumadin. After 5 days of treatment, the patient started complaining of pain and numbness in both upper extremities. Overnight, this rapidly progressed to manifest hemorrhagic bullae with necrotic areas. This was immediately recognized as coumadin-induced skin necrosis. Coumadin was stopped immediately. Vitamin K was administered and local wound care was provided. Therapeutic LMWH was continued. The skin lesions began to show improvement after 3 days. Conclusions: In coumadin-induced skin necrosis, the patient initially presents with pain and erythema, followed by petechial lesions which progress to become purpuric. Hemorrhagic bullae with necrosis and eschar formation may soon develop. Once it is suspected, coumadin should be stopped and the patient should be given Vitamin K and FFP to reverse the effects of coumadin. PMID:23569516

  8. Iron autointoxication in a 16-year-old girl: a protective role for hepcidin?

    PubMed

    Simonse, E; Valk-Swinkels, C G H; van 't Veer, N E; Ermens, A A M; Veldkamp, E J M

    2013-01-01

    Intentional iron overdose appears to be an increasingly common form of attempted suicide. We present a case of iron overdose in a 16-year-old girl who was found unconscious in her bed and brought to our emergency department. The most remarkable diagnostic findings were the patient's comatose condition, divergent eye position and positive Babinski foot pad reflexes. Laboratory tests showed hyperglycaemia and mild metabolic acidosis. A computed tomography scan of the cerebrum showed no signs of intracerebral haemorrhage or elevated intracerebral pressure. Toxicology screening showed no use of acetaminophen, ethanol or drugs of abuse. The patient was stabilized and monitored on the intensive care ward. When she woke up, she confessed to having taken Fero-Gradumet(®). Retrospectively analysed, the serum iron concentration in the first blood sample (seven hours after ingestion) was 62 ?mol/L which corresponds with moderate iron intoxication. The patient received whole bowel irrigation with 2 L polyethyleneglycol solution and de-ironing treatment with intravenous deferoxamine 20 mg/kg in eight hours. She was discharged from the hospital after three days in a good clinical condition. Retrospectively, serum hepcidin concentrations were determined and evaluated in conjunction with serum iron concentrations and the installed treatment. Before medical de-ironing interventions were started, we saw that the serum iron concentration in our patient was already declining. At the same time, we observed a sharp increase in the serum hepcidin concentration. After normalization of serum iron concentrations, hepcidin normalized as well. PMID:23108765

  9. Appendicitis in children less than five years old: A challenge for the general practitioner

    PubMed Central

    Marzuillo, Pierluigi; Germani, Claudio; Krauss, Baruch S; Barbi, Egidio

    2015-01-01

    Acute appendicitis is one of the most common indications for abdominal surgery in pediatrics with peak incidence in the second decade of life. Acute appendicitis in the first years of life is an uncommon event. The clinical presentation is often varied and the diagnosis may be overshadowed by other medical conditions. Gastroenteritis is the most common misdiagnosis, with a history of diarrhea present in 33% to 41% of patients. Pain is the most common presenting symptom in children less than 5 years old, followed by vomiting, fever, anorexia and diarrhea. The most common physical sign is focal tenderness (61% of the patients) followed by guarding (55%), diffuse tenderness (39%), rebound (32%), and mass (6%). Neonatal appendicitis is a very rare disease with high mortality; presenting symptoms are nonspecific with abdominal distension representing the main clinical presentation. The younger the patient, the earlier perforation occurs: 70% of patients less than 3 years develop a perforation within 48 h of onset of symptoms. A timely diagnosis reduces the risk of complications. We highlight the epidemiology, pathophysiology, clinical signs and laboratory clues of appendicitis in young children and suggest an algorithm for early diagnosis. PMID:26015876

  10. Creating a Community Approach to Serving Four-Year-Old Children in Wisconsin. Public Awareness Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landsverk, Ruth Anne

    The Wisconsin Forces for Four-Year-Olds Project promotes the community approach to offering universal access to quality care and learning services for Wisconsin 4-year-olds. Based on the view that quality early education opportunities have life-long benefits for children and the communities in which they live, this public awareness packet…

  11. Parental Aggression Related to Behavior Problems in Three-Year-Old Sons of Alcoholics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fitzgerald, Hiram E.; And Others

    Findings from a study of the etiology of alcoholism and conduct disorders that involved 3-year-old sons of alcoholic fathers are reported. The study focused on intact nuclear families with a son who was 3 years old at the time of initial data collection and a father who was diagnosed as definitely or probably alcoholic. Alcoholic families were…

  12. Effect of Core Training on 16 Year-Old Soccer Players

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Afyon, Yakup Akif

    2014-01-01

    Core trainings have been widely used by trainers recently in order to improve performance of soccer players. In this context, the aim of this study is to examine the effect of core training on some motoric capabilities of 16 years old soccer players. Thirty certified soccer players who were 16 years old from B.B. Bodrumspor Club in 2013-2014…

  13. The Relationship Between Visual Information Processing and Motor Proficiency in Five-Year-Old Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skovran, Sandra K.

    The purpose of this study was to determine if five-year-old children displaying high or low ability to process visual information exhibited the same high-low ability in proficiency of motor tasks which were dependent upon visual information for successful completion. The subjects were 40 five-year-old children who were required to pass a visual…

  14. 77 FR 11651 - Hybrid III 10-Year-Old Child Test Dummy

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-27

    ...2127-AJ49 Hybrid III 10-Year-Old Child Test Dummy AGENCY: National Highway Traffic...a Hybrid III 10-year- old size child test dummy (HIII-10C). In a companion document...NHTSA is adopting use of the dummy to test child restraints recommended for...

  15. Five- to Twelve-Year-Olds' Control of Movement Velocity in a Dynamic Collision Avoidance Task

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    te Velde, Arenda F.; van der Kamp, John; Savelsbergh, Geert J. P.

    2008-01-01

    We investigated age-related differences in a dynamic collision avoidance task that bears a resemblance to pedestrian road crossing. Five- to seven-year-old children, ten- to twelve-year-old children and adults were instructed to push a doll across a small-scale road between two toy vehicles, which approached one after the other. We analysed the…

  16. How did a 9-year-old boy outwit the Nazis? By STACI STURROCK

    E-print Network

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    How did a 9-year-old boy outwit the Nazis? By STACI STURROCK Palm Beach Post Staff Writer Posted: 4-sufficient 13-year-old whose father had died of a respiratory ailment when Ginsburg was a toddler, and whose." One of the men raised his revolver. "He cocked it and put it to my forehead and said, 'If anyone is up

  17. Usability of the Primary Measures of Music Audiation (PMMA) with 5-Year-Old Korean Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Jooyoung

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether a standardized test of music aptitude developed for American children yields results, which may have valid interpretation when used with 5-year-old Korean children. The specific questions regarding the Primary Measures of Music Audiation (PMMA) norms were: (1) Does PMMA when used with 5-year-old

  18. Preparatory adjustments during gait initiation in 4–6-year-old children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Francine Malouin; Carol L. Richards

    2000-01-01

    The preparatory adjustments related to gait initiation in a group of six children (4–6 years old) were studied in comparison to a group of six adults (50–61 years old). Muscle activity, ground reaction forces and body kinematics were recorded during the initiation of gait in subjects standing with one foot on each of two forceplates. Like adults, children had consistent

  19. Electromyographic Responses to Emotional Facial Expressions in 6-7 Year Olds with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deschamps, P. K. H.; Coppes, L.; Kenemans, J. L.; Schutter, D. J. L. G.; Matthys, W.

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to examine facial mimicry in 6-7 year old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and to explore whether facial mimicry was related to the severity of impairment in social responsiveness. Facial electromyographic activity in response to angry, fearful, sad and happy facial expressions was recorded in twenty 6-7 year old

  20. Case Report: 16-Year-Old Male with Autistic Disorder with Preoccupation with Female Feet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Early, Maureen C.; Erickson, Craig A.; Wink, Logan K.; McDougle, Christopher J.; Scott, Eric L.

    2012-01-01

    This paper highlights clinical challenges faced when diagnosing and then treating an individual presenting to a child and adolescent psychiatry clinic because of unwelcome comments he made to female peers about their feet. Novel use of exposure therapy helped him effectively decrease his comments from 1 to 2 times per month to once every 6 months.…

  1. Case Discussion of Treatment of an 83YearOld Gay White Male

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel W. Hicks

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses a case presented at the AGLP Symposium on Mental Health Issues in LGBT Seniors and reviews the psychiatric, physical, social, emotional, and spiritual components of mental health in this population. Working with aging lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons requires a broad conception of the role of psychotherapy and the psychotherapist; this includes an awareness of

  2. A Doctor Talks to 9-to-12-Year Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larrigo, Marion O.; Cassidy, Michael A.

    As a part of a series of books written by physicians for their patients, this publication explains heredity, birth, and growth patterns to pre-teen children. The chapters are written in language appropriate for children moving from childhood into their teens and deal with topics like: cells, conception, prenatal development, puberty, and changing…

  3. [Hepatitis C virus: 25 years-old, the end?].

    PubMed

    Pol, Stanislas

    2013-11-01

    The treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection markedly progressed these two last decades. Since 15 years, the combination of pegylated interferon ? and ribavirin led to a sustained virologic response (SVR) which corresponds to a complete recovery in around 45 % of patients with HCV genotype 1, 65 % with HCV genotype 4, 70 % with HCV genotype 3 and around 85 % with HCV genotype 2. A better understanding of the HCV life-cycle recently resulted in the development of several potential direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAA) targeting viral proteins (NS3/4A protease inhibitors, NS5B nucleosidic and non nucleosidic polymerase inhibitors, NS5A replication complex inhibitors). A lot of data has been reported with the combinations of pegylated interferon ?/ribavirin and the first generation oral DAA, Telaprevir and Boceprevir. These regimens have demonstrated a high level of antiviral efficacy (75 % of SVR) and an acceptable safety profile. After this first major step, the combination of the second generation DAA with pegylated interferon ?/ribavirin will impact antiviral potency (75 to 90 % of SVR) and tolerance and will reduce the duration of therapies and the pill burden. The next step, which is an actual revolution, will be the oral combination of new DAA which is likely to become the standard of care for chronic HCV after 2015. Most studies have been conducted in small numbers of "easy-to-treat" patients with short post-treatment period with outstanding results but we are now waiting for confirming these results in more difficult-to-treat patients (experienced genotype 3-infected or genotype 1-infected patients who failed to first generation protease inhibitors, cirrhotic, HIV co-infected patients, allograft recipients or candidates to transplantation). PMID:24280503

  4. A 27-year-old woman presenting with refractory hypoxaemic respiratory failure, haemoptysis and thyrotoxicosis: a rare manifestation of propylthiouracil therapy.

    PubMed

    Ortiz-Diaz, Enrique O

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary manifestations of hyperthyroidism not only include pulmonary hypertension and hydrostatic pulmonary oedema, but also treatment/drug-associated pulmonary diseases have to be considered as an exclusion diagnosis. A 27-year-old woman with hypoxaemic respiratory failure under an arterial-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenator (AV-ECMO) was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The patient had progressive dyspnoea with haemoptysis, palpitations and failure to thrive. The patient had Graves' disease treated previously with propylthiouracil (PTU). Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage is a non-specific syndrome characterised by evidence of diffuse alveolar damage, exclusion of infectious aetiology and progressively bloodier bronchoalveolar lavage (and/or 20% hemosiderin laden macrophages on cytological examination). PTU associated perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA) vasculitis appears to be more common in younger female patients presenting with leukocytoclastic vasculitis, myalgias and arthralgias. The latter compared to non-drug associated ANCA vasculitis which are more common in older males with visceral involvement. PTU-induced ANCA vasculitis prognosis appears to be better compared to primary ANCA syndromes. PMID:25150234

  5. Mercury poisoning in two 13-year-old twin sisters.

    PubMed

    Khodashenas, Ezzat; Aelami, Mohammadhassan; Balali-Mood, Mahdi

    2015-03-01

    Mercury (Hg) is a toxic agent that evaporates in room temperature and its inhalation may cause poisoning. Due to the nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis is difficult in special circumstances with no initial history of Hg exposure. We report two such cases of Hg poisoning. The patients were two sisters, presenting with pain in extremities, itchy rashes, sweating, salivation, weakness, and mood changes. They have used a compound that contains mercury, for treatment of pedicullosis three months before admission. This compound was purchased from a herbal shop and was applied locally on the scalps for 2 days. Their urinary mercury concentrations were 50 and 70 mg/L. They were successfully treated by D-penicillamine and gabapentin. In a patient with any kind of bone and joint pain, skin rash erythema and peripheral neuropathy, mercury poisoning should be considered as a differential diagnosis. PMID:26109979

  6. An 8-year-old boy with altered mental status.

    PubMed

    High, Kevin; Van Meter, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Management of an acutely ill pediatric patient with undifferentiated altered mental status is a common challenge facing air medical crewmembers. The transport team is often the vital link between the referring agency and a tertiary care center; it is incumbent upon the team to be able to meet the challenges of patient management including airway management, providing hemodynamic support, and addressing presenting symptoms. This case presents a child with altered mental status and seizure activity requiring advanced interventions and support. His hospital course is described and reveals an encephalopathy caused by the Bartonella henselae bacterium also known as cat-scratch disease. This case shows the pathology, symptomology, and management along with the importance of proper management and interventions by air medical crewmembers to maximize outcomes. PMID:25934240

  7. A 44-year-old man with bilateral eyelid swelling.

    PubMed

    Ricketti, Anthony J; Cleri, Dennis J; Moser, Robert L; Bilyk, Jurij R; Vernaleo, John R; Unkle, David W

    2012-01-01

    Swollen eyelids are commonly ascribed to allergic conjunctivitis, contact dermatitis, eczema, angioedema, or acute sinusitis. The differential diagnosis extends to thyroid eye disease; blepharitis; Sjögren's syndrome; Churg-Strauss vasculitis; Wegener's granulomatosis; Gleich syndrome; orbital and ocular lymphoid hyperplasia or adnexal lymphoma; idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease/idiopathic sclerosing orbital inflammation; rarely, orbital parasitosis; and IgG4-related diseases. The likely diagnosis proceeds from the more to the less common in patients without a history of allergy or infection. Both ocular lymphoid hyperplasia and ocular adnexal lymphoma must be considered in the differential diagnosis of persistent disease, and neither of these entities can be recognized or differentiated from one another clinically or radiologically. Early diagnosis is essential because therapy may consist of frequent follow-up and/or active intervention. Outcomes in patients treated early and appropriately are often favorable. PMID:22525399

  8. Mercury poisoning in two 13-year-old twin sisters

    PubMed Central

    Khodashenas, Ezzat; Aelami, Mohammadhassan; Balali-Mood, Mahdi

    2015-01-01

    Mercury (Hg) is a toxic agent that evaporates in room temperature and its inhalation may cause poisoning. Due to the nonspecific symptoms, diagnosis is difficult in special circumstances with no initial history of Hg exposure. We report two such cases of Hg poisoning. The patients were two sisters, presenting with pain in extremities, itchy rashes, sweating, salivation, weakness, and mood changes. They have used a compound that contains mercury, for treatment of pedicullosis three months before admission. This compound was purchased from a herbal shop and was applied locally on the scalps for 2 days. Their urinary mercury concentrations were 50 and 70 mg/L. They were successfully treated by D-penicillamine and gabapentin. In a patient with any kind of bone and joint pain, skin rash erythema and peripheral neuropathy, mercury poisoning should be considered as a differential diagnosis.

  9. 14-year-old boy with painful nail changes.

    PubMed

    Nag, Shudeshna; Weinstein, Miriam; Greenberg, Saul

    2015-03-01

    Doxycycline is a classically implicated cause of phototoxic reactions. Photo-onycholysis is a rare manifestation of phototoxicity. Nail changes may typically include nail pain, subungual hemorrhages, or distal onycholysis. Self-resolution can be expected in 3 to 6 months. Patients prescribed doxycycline should be counseled about the potential for phototoxicity and the need for appropriate sun protection while taking the medication. PMID:25733769

  10. Dental Caries and Their Treatment Needs in 3-5 Year Old Preschool Children in a Rural District of India

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Devanand; Momin, Rizwan K; Mathur, Ayush; Srinivas, Kavuri Teja; Jain, Ankita; Dommaraju, Neelima; Dalai, Deepak Ranjan; Gupta, Rajendra Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Background: Dental problems in the preschool children are neglected by their parents as the deciduous teeth are going to shed off, and hence considered to be of no importance and more of economic burden if attended to them. Aims: This study was to determine the caries prevalence in preschool children (3-5-year-old) of rural Moradabad district, to analyze the specific pattern of dental caries experience in this population and to assess the treatment needs among them. Material and Methods: Children within the age group of 3-5 years attending Anganwadi centers of rural Moradabad district were included in the study. Caries diagnosis was based on decayed, extracted, filled surface (defs) and the treatment needs were recorded using World Health Organization (WHO) oral health assessment form 1997. Results: Out of 1,500 children examined, 48.7% males and 52.6% females did not require any treatment. The mean decayed, extracted, filled teeth (deft) value was found to be significantly high in 5-year-old participants when compared to 3-year-old participants (P < 0.01). Majority of the children required one surface filling followed by two surface fillings, caries arresting sealant care, extraction, crown bridge element, pulp care, and space maintainer. Conclusion: The most common pattern was pit and fissure, then maxillary anterior pattern, posterior proximal pattern, and posterior buccal lingual smooth surface pattern. The mean deft value was higher in males as compared to females. There is a greater need for oral health education among parents and teachers. PMID:25973401

  11. A 52-year-old man with palpitations and a solitary pulmonary nodule.

    PubMed

    Kayani, Arooj S; Sue, Richard D

    2015-06-01

    A 52-year-old white man presented to a pulmonary clinic for evaluation of a 2.3?×?1.7 cm lung nodule. The patient had originally presented to his cardiologist for palpitations. The palpitations were described as a "fluttering" sensation, occurring daily, more often at rest, but not associated with syncope. At the time, he denied dyspnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, or orthopnea. The patient had a coronary artery calcium scoring test done, which revealed a lobulated, well-circumscribed, smoothly marginated lower lobe nodule, and he was sent to a pulmonary clinic for further evaluation. The patient denied shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, wheezing, or hemoptysis. He denied fatigue, night sweats, or weight loss. He had a 1 pack-year smoking history and stopped cigarettes 30 years ago but still smoked two to three cigars monthly. His family history was only significant for early coronary artery disease. He was an avid marathon runner who worked as an athletic equipment manager for a prominent sports team in Arizona. PMID:26033136

  12. Traumatic central cord syndrome in a 2-year-old child: minor trauma but major complication

    PubMed Central

    Yücel, Neslihan; Ertan, Cem; Pepele, Mustafa S.; Sigirci, Ahmet

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Traumatic central cord syndrome (TCCS) is the most frequently encountered incomplete spinal cord injury, and it is a relatively rare situation in children younger than 15 years, but may have serious consequences. METHODS: We report the case of a 2-year-old female child with upper extremity weakness following a simple fall. All vitals and systemic examination findings were normal, except for 2/5 muscular strength in the upper extremities. While radiographic imaging showed no pathologic findings, MRI exposed spinal injury. The patient was treated conservatively with medication only. The medical treatment of the patient consisted of anti-edema treatment with methylprednisolone in the first 24 hours; 330 mg of methylprednisolone infused in the first hour, followed by 59 mg per hour during the next 23 hours. Along with pharmacological treatment, she received physiotherapy sessions during her 11-day hospitalization period. RESULTS: The child had full recovery within 6 months after conservative treatment. CONCLUSION: Neurological deficit without plain radiographic evidence in pediatric spinal trauma patients is a rare but significant incident. PMID:25215167

  13. Right Ventricular Thrombus in a 36-Year-Old Man with Factor V Leiden

    PubMed Central

    Hajsadeghi, Shokoufeh; Naghshin, Roozbeh; Hejrati, Maral; Kerman, Scott Reza Jafarian

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Factor V Leiden deficiency is the most common hereditary hypercoagulable disease in the United States and involves 5% of the Caucasian population. Up to 30% of patients who present with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary thromboembolism present with this condition. This is a case report of a 36-year-old man who experienced one episode of DVT within the previous year and was admitted to our hospital due to productive coughs and hemoptysis. Paraclinical studies demonstrated a right ventricular thrombus. Additional investigation was done to find the underlying cause. Laboratory tests were positive for Factor V Leiden mutation. Other factors for hypercoagulability states were normal. Given that Factor V Leiden mutation is a life-threatening condition with a relatively high prevalence and considering its thrombogenesis, screening tests are necessary in young patients without obvious reasons for recurrent thrombus formation. It seems that medical noninvasive treatments can be an alternative therapy to surgery when a ventricular thrombus is suspected in these patients. PMID:26157463

  14. Unrecognized magic mushroom abuse in a 28-year-old man.

    PubMed

    McClintock, Ryan L; Watts, David J; Melanson, Scott

    2008-10-01

    A 28-year-old man with a history of drug and alcohol abuse presented multiple times to the hospital over 2 months with an elusive constellation of symptoms, resolving spontaneously in each instance. This patient required a high level of care for management and stabilization, including 3 emergency department visits, 2 medical floor admissions, and 1 intensive care unit admission. In both the emergency department and inpatient setting, all laboratory and imaging study results, including gas chromatography/mass spectrophotometry of the urine, were negative/normal. A definitive diagnosis eluded multiple emergency medicine, critical care, and consulting physicians. His symptoms included altered mental status, vomiting, diaphoresis, and mydriasis. The patient later admitted using mushrooms to a nurse. In the absence of confirmatory testing, but supported by exclusionary and anecdotal data, we believe that our patient's symptoms are consistent with Psilocybe mushroom toxicity. We feel that had this been considered initially, the correct diagnosis would have led to a better utilization of resources, and we want to remind emergency physicians of the possibility of mushroom abuse in any similar clinical setting. PMID:18926381

  15. Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia.

    PubMed

    Fu, Qiaomei; Li, Heng; Moorjani, Priya; Jay, Flora; Slepchenko, Sergey M; Bondarev, Aleksei A; Johnson, Philip L F; Aximu-Petri, Ayinuer; Prüfer, Kay; de Filippo, Cesare; Meyer, Matthias; Zwyns, Nicolas; Salazar-García, Domingo C; Kuzmin, Yaroslav V; Keates, Susan G; Kosintsev, Pavel A; Razhev, Dmitry I; Richards, Michael P; Peristov, Nikolai V; Lachmann, Michael; Douka, Katerina; Higham, Thomas F G; Slatkin, Montgomery; Hublin, Jean-Jacques; Reich, David; Kelso, Janet; Viola, T Bence; Pääbo, Svante

    2014-10-23

    We present the high-quality genome sequence of a ?45,000-year-old modern human male from Siberia. This individual derives from a population that lived before-or simultaneously with-the separation of the populations in western and eastern Eurasia and carries a similar amount of Neanderthal ancestry as present-day Eurasians. However, the genomic segments of Neanderthal ancestry are substantially longer than those observed in present-day individuals, indicating that Neanderthal gene flow into the ancestors of this individual occurred 7,000-13,000 years before he lived. We estimate an autosomal mutation rate of 0.4 × 10(-9) to 0.6 × 10(-9) per site per year, a Y chromosomal mutation rate of 0.7 × 10(-9) to 0.9 × 10(-9) per site per year based on the additional substitutions that have occurred in present-day non-Africans compared to this genome, and a mitochondrial mutation rate of 1.8 × 10(-8) to 3.2 × 10(-8) per site per year based on the age of the bone. PMID:25341783

  16. Approach to the male patient with lower urinary tract dysfunction.

    PubMed

    Wyndaele, Jean Jacques; Vodušek, David B

    2015-01-01

    History and physical examination are the cornerstones of evaluation of the male patient with lower urinary tract (LUT) symptoms and (suspected) neurologic disorder, both to diagnose the nervous system lesion, and to get insight into the type of LUT dysfunction (LUTD). Non-neurologic LUTD needs to be ruled out. Laboratory testing is necessary to diagnose urinary infection. In those in whom neurogenic LUTD is probable, postvoid residual urine and urinary flow measurement generally rule out significant outflow obstruction and allow for basic symptomatic management. If symptomatology is complex or severe, or the pathophysiology uncertain, or invasive treatment planned, urodynamic or videourodynamic measurements should be performed to inform on bladder sensation, detrusor contractility, pressures generated in the bladder, as well as the behavior of bladder neck, the striated urethral sphincter, and urinary flow. This information is paramount to the clinician to plan management and consider prognosis. Assessment needs to be repeated, as chronic neurogenic LUTD is not a stable condition; in progressive neurologic diseases the nature of LUTD itself may change. The upper urinary tract needs to be checked and followed up regularly, particularly in patient groups in which high intravesical pressures may be generated. PMID:26003243

  17. A rare case of spontaneous Aspergillus spondylodiscitis with epidural abscess in a 45-year-old immunocompetent female

    PubMed Central

    Raj, K. Ambedkar; Srinivasamurthy, Banushree C.; Nagarajan, Krishnan; Sinduja, M. G. Ilavarasi

    2013-01-01

    Vertebral osteomyelitis and discitis are mainly due to bacterial infections though fungal infections are one of the important causes of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Aspergillus involving intervertebral disc space is extremely rare. We report a case of aspergillosis of intervertebral L5-S1 disc space with spinal epidural abscess in an immunocompetent 45-year-old female which can add on to a few case reports described in literature as well as an insight for clinicians regarding this rare spontaneous infection in an immunocompetent patient. PMID:24744568

  18. A 17 year old with isolated proximal tibiofibular joint arthritis

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    The proximal tibiofibular joint (TFJ) is rarely affected in rheumatic diseases, and we frequently interpret pain of the lateral knee as the result of overuse or trauma. Nonetheless, the TFJ is a synovial joint that communicates with the tibiofemoral joint in a proportion of patients. While proximal TFJ arthritis has been rarely associated with existing spondyloarthritis, isolated TFJ arthritis as the presenting manifestation of spondyloarthritis has not yet been described. Here, we report the clinical and radiographic presentation of an adolescent with chronic proximal TFJ arthritis heralding spondyloarthritis highly suggestive of ankylosing spondylitis. PMID:23302539

  19. Primary bronchial granular cell tumor in an adult male.

    PubMed

    Kim, Ho Jin; An, Soyeon; Kim, Hyeong Ryul

    2014-04-01

    We report a rare case of granular cell tumor arising in the left lower lobe (LLL) bronchus with secondary obstructive change in a 60-year-old male. The patient was found to have a nodule in the LLL on a computed tomography scan, three months prior to his presentation to the Asan Medical Center. Bronchoscopic biopsies revealed a granular cell tumor. After undergoing LLL lobectomy with bronchoplasty, the patient has not experienced any tumor recurrence. PMID:24782979

  20. Cerebral infarction in a 24-year-old pilot.

    PubMed

    Ohashi, Koichiro; Nakanishi, Kuniaki; Miyajima, Daijiro; Fukushima, Koji; Shirotani, Toshiki; Kuwamura, Keiichi; Tong, Andrew

    2003-10-01

    Ischemic stroke is a rare event in young adults. We report on a 24-yr-old pilot with cerebral infarction of undetermined etiology, temporally associated with chain smoking. The patient exhibited dysphasia, stupor (confused consciousness), and right facial-nerve palsy. Computed-tomography revealed a low-density area in the left insular cortex. Cerebroangiography showed severe stenosis in a branch of the left middle cerebral artery. After admission, the patient made a rapid and uneventful recovery within 72 h. MRI showed an area of hyperintensity on T2-weighted images 2 mo after the attack. Based on the hyperintense area on FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequence) images obtained in MRI performed 10 mo after the attack, we diagnosed a cerebral infarction. In the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, cerebral infarction is an aeromedically disqualifying condition. However, in the evaluation 2 mo after the attack, differentiation from reversible ischemic neurological deficit was difficult. We discuss the criteria used for diagnosis and the risk factors for cerebral infarction in young adults, as well as the aeromedical disposition of young pilots. PMID:14556575

  1. The Validity of Male Patients' Self-Reports Regarding Prostate Cancer Screening

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy R. Jordan; James H. Price; Keith A. King; Tatiana Masyk; Archie W. Bedell

    1999-01-01

    Background.Despite the high rate of prostate cancer screening, the accuracy of male patients' self-reports of screening has not been investigated. This study assessed the concordance between patients' self-reports of prostate screening and the medical record.Methods.Focus groups were conducted to obtain male patients' perceptions of prostate cancer screening and salient terminology. A sample of males (n= 276), 40 years of age

  2. A 61-year-old man with cough and white sputum

    PubMed Central

    Yao, Yanwen; Yin, Jie; Xiao, Xinwu; Lv, Tangfeng; Sun, Wenkui

    2015-01-01

    A 61-year-old man with cough and white sputum had an abnormal pulmonary mass in the left lower lobe in the computed tomography (CT) imaging. According to the lung cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussion, the patient took the left lower lobe resection and lymphadenectomy and finally diagnosed as left lung adenocarcinoma with TNM stage IIIA (pT3N2M0). After four cycles of postoperative chemotherapy with pemetrexed and nedaplatin and 10-month release, a solitary pulmonary nodule (SPN) appeared in the middle lobe of right lung in CT scanning. The patient took a second operation “the right middle lobe resection” and was diagnosed as left lung adenocarcinoma at TNM stage IV (pT3N2M1a, two lungs) with neither EGFR mutation nor ALK-EML4 fusion gene. After operation, the patient took another four cycles of postoperative chemotherapy with Docetaxel and Nedaplatin. During the follow-up, another PET/CT scanning reported that several enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes, a SPN in left upper lobe and lesion in cerebellum and the brain metastasis was also proved in MRI. The patient was now diagnosed as left lung adenocarcinoma at TNM stage IV (pT3N2M1b, brain). In the third-line therapy, the patient took the stereotactic radiotherapy for metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes and took erlotinib once a day after the radiotherapy. However, the number of small lesions on lungs was increased and the brain metastasis was enlarged. The stereotactic radiotherapy for the single brain metastasis and single agent chemotherapy of abraxane were taken. The whole body examination suggested that there was progression-free after two cycles of chemo. The patient is now took five cycles of single agent chemotherapy of abraxane. The latest whole body examination showed disease was stable with no new lesions and metastasis, performance status (PS) score is 0 and the overall survival (OS) time is 34 months. PMID:25806349

  3. Prevalence of dental caries among 12–14 year old children in Qatar

    PubMed Central

    Al-Darwish, Mohammed; El Ansari, Walid; Bener, Abdulbari

    2014-01-01

    Background To ensure the oral health of a population, clinicians must deliver appropriate dental services, and local communities need to have access to dental care facilities. However, establishment of this infrastructure must be based on reliable information regarding disease prevalence and severity in the target population. Objectives The aims of this study were to measure the incidence of dental caries in school children aged 12–14 throughout Qatar, including the influence of socio-demographic factors. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Qatar from October 2011 to March 2012. A total of 2113 children aged 12–14 were randomly selected from 16 schools located in different geographic areas. Three calibrated examiners using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria to diagnose dental caries performed the clinical examinations. Data analyses were subsequently conducted. Results The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth index values were respectively 4.62 (±3.2), 4.79 (±3.5), and 5.5 (±3.7), for 12, 13, and 14 year-old subjects. Caries prevalence was 85%. The mandibular incisors and canines were least affected by dental caries, while maxillary and mandibular molars exhibited the highest incidence of dental caries. Dental caries were affected by socio-demographic factors; significant differences were detected between female and male children, where more female children showed dental caries than male children. In addition, children residing in semi-urban areas showed more dental caries than in urban areas. Conclusion Results indicated that dental caries prevalence among school children in Qatar has reached critical levels, and is influenced by socio-demographic factors. The mean decayed, missing, and filled teeth values obtained in this study were the second highest detected in the Eastern Mediterranean region. PMID:25057232

  4. Knee extensor strength differences in obese and healthy-weight 10-to 13-year-olds.

    PubMed

    Tsiros, Margarita D; Coates, Alison M; Howe, Peter R C; Grimshaw, Paul N; Walkley, Jeff; Shield, Anthony; Mallows, Richard; Hills, Andrew P; Kagawa, Masaharu; Shultz, Sarah; Buckley, Jonathan D

    2013-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if obese children have reduced knee extensor (KE) strength and to explore the relationship between adiposity and KE strength. An observational case-control study was conducted in three Australian states, recruiting obese [N = 107 (51 female, 56 male)] and healthy-weight [N = 132 (56 female, 76 male)] 10- to 13-year-old children. Body mass index, body composition (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry), isokinetic/isometric peak KE torques (dynamometry) and physical activity (accelerometry) were assessed. Results revealed that compared with their healthy-weight peers, obese children had higher absolute KE torques (P ? 0.005), equivocal KE torques when allometrically normalized for fat-free mass (FFM) (P ? 0.448) but lower relative KE torques when allometrically normalized for body mass (P ? 0.008). Adjustments for maternal education, income and accelerometry had little impact on group differences, except for isometric KE torques relative to body mass which were no longer significantly lower in obese children (P ? 0.013, not significant after controlling for multiple comparisons). Percent body fat was inversely related to KE torques relative to body mass (r = -0.22 to -0.35, P ? 0.002), irrespective of maternal education, income or accelerometry. In conclusion, while obese children have higher absolute KE strength and FFM, they have less functional KE strength (relative to mass) available for weight-bearing activities than healthy-weight children. The finding that FFM-normalized KE torques did not differ suggests that the intrinsic contractile properties of the KE muscles are unaffected by obesity. Future research is needed to see if deficits in KE strength relative to mass translate into functional limitations in weight-bearing activities. PMID:23232709

  5. Forty-Year-Old Foam Springs Back With New Benefits

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    The most recognized and widely used NASA spinoff is at it again. Temper foam, whose origins date back to 1966 when it was developed to absorb shock and, thus, offer improved protection and comfort in NASA s airplane seats, has paid its dividends to Earth repeatedly, and in many different ways. It has padded the helmets of the Dallas Cowboys throughout the 1970s and 1980s, protected bedridden patients from bedsores, and comforted the feet of thousands wearing stylish shoes that incorporate the cushioning material in their insoles. Four decades later, the world has come to realize that there are no bounds to temper foam s benefits. Though the rights to the technology have been shared amongst various manufacturers, the original product maker is still going strong, pushing temper foam into new arenas, including automotives, amusement parks, prosthetics, and modern art.

  6. A case report of male breast cancer in a very young patient: what is changing?

    PubMed

    Madeira, Marcelo; Mattar, André; Passos, Rodrigo José Barata; Mora, Caroline Dornelles; Mamede, Luiz Henrique Beralde Vilar; Kishino, Viviane Hatsumi; Torres, Thomas Zurga Markus; de Sá, Andressa Fernandes Rodrigues; dos Santos, Roberto Euzébio; Gebrim, Luiz Henrique

    2011-01-01

    Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancer cases, and men tend to be diagnosed at an older age than women (mean age is about 67 years). Several risk factors have been identified, such as genetic and hormonal abnormalities. The present study reported the case of a 25-year-old man who was diagnosed with an advanced invasive ductal carcinoma; however, he did not have any important risk factors. Even though more data is emerging about this disease, more efforts to understand risk factors, treatment options and survival benefits are needed. In this case, we discussed the risk factors as well as the impaired fertility associated with breast cancer therapies. PMID:21291532

  7. Multidetector CT imaging features of solid pseudopapillary tumours of the pancreas in male patients: distinctive imaging features with female patients

    PubMed Central

    Park, M J; Kim, J K; Kim, Y C; Park, M-S; Yu, J-S; Kim, Y B; Lee, D

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To describe multidetector CT imaging features of solid pseudopapillary tumours (SPTs) in male patients and to compare these imaging features with those found in female patients. Methods: The institutional review board approved this retrospective study. We included the CT images of 72 patients (M:F?=?12:60; mean age, 35.0 years) diagnosed with SPT by histology. CT images were reviewed on the following: location of the tumour, maximal diameter, shape, margin and the fraction of the tumour composition. Statistical differences in CT imaging features were analysed. Results: Male patients with SPTs were significantly older than female patients (42.4 years vs 33.4 years, p?=?0.0408) and the mean size of the SPTs in male patients was larger (6.3?cm vs 4.6?cm, p?=?0.0413) than that of SPTs in female patients. Lobulated shape of the SPTs was most frequent in male patients, whereas oval shape was most frequent in female patients (p?=?0.0133). SPTs in male patients tended to have a solid component (p?=?0.0434). Progressive enhancement in the solid portion of the tumour was seen in 9 (81.8%) of 11 SPTs in male patients and in 30 (79.0%) of 38 SPTs in female patients on multiphasic CT. Conclusion: The imaging features of SPTs in male patients usually appeared as a somewhat large-sized solid mass with a lobulated margin and progressive enhancement. These imaging features may help to differentiate SPTs from other pancreatic tumours for their proper management. Advances in knowledge: SPTs in male patients appear as somewhat large-sized solid masses with lobulated margins, and this form occurs more frequently in older male patients than in female patients. PMID:24472726

  8. Nocardia brasiliensis infection mimicking juvenile idiopathic arthritis in a 4-year-old girl.

    PubMed

    Kapur, Nitin; Adib, Navid; Grimwood, Keith

    2013-11-01

    Nocardia are ubiquitous environmental saprophytes that cause pneumonia and disseminated disease in immunocompromised patients. They can also cause localized cutaneous and soft tissue infections in healthy people after direct percutaneous inoculation. Nocardia arthritis is rare in both forms of the disease. Here we present the first published case of a child with septic arthritis caused by N brasiliensis. Importantly, this otherwise well 4-year-old girl had no known history of trauma but presented with transient cutaneous lesions and a 6-week history of arthritis involving the right fourth digit proximal interphalangeal joint without accompanying fever or raised systemic inflammatory markers. She received a diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis and underwent antiinflammatory and immunosuppressant therapy. After 2 months she developed frank septic arthritis, which necessitated a surgical joint washout, from which an intraoperative swab grew N brasiliensis. The patient received 6 months of high-dose trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and remains well more than 4 years after treatment. This unusual case highlights the importance of considering an indolent infection from slow-growing organisms, including Nocardia, when diagnosing the oligoarthritis subtype of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. This is especially relevant when a single joint is involved and response to antiinflammatory therapy is suboptimal because antiinflammatory agents may mask evolving signs of infection. PMID:24127474

  9. A 35-year-old woman with influenza A-associated thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

    PubMed

    Jonsson, Maria K; Hammenfors, Daniel; Oppegaard, Oddvar; Bruserud, Řystein; Kittang, Astrid Olsnes

    2015-06-01

    A previously healthy 35-year-old woman presented with severe thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) affecting several organs and concomitant influenza A infection. On admission to hospital, haemoglobin was 5.4?g/dl, platelet count 6?×?10/l, Schistocyte count in peripheral blood 5%, and throat swab positive for influenza A RNA. The patient was treated with antiviral medication and transfusions of fresh frozen plasma before plasma exchange therapy with excellent response. Plasmaphereses were attenuated after 5 days, resulting in TTP relapse 3 days later. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13 (ADAMTS13) protein was very low (<0.04?U/l) and anti-ADAMTS13 elevated (>2?U/l), consistent with acquired TTP. Platelet counts normalized after five additional plasma exchanges and oral corticosteroids. Antinuclear antibodies and subgroup anti-Ro/Sjögren's syndrome A antigen (SSA) were detected in serum and have remained borderline-elevated, although evaluation during TTP, recovery and follow-up have lacked clinical manifestations of connective tissue disease. Influenza A infection induced production of ADAMTS13 inhibitor, which resulted in TTP in a patient with circulating antinuclear antibodies, lacking other manifestations of connective tissue disease. PMID:25688460

  10. Delivery of Huge Bladder Stone in a Thirty-Five-Year-Old Man

    PubMed Central

    Farshi, Alireza; Sari Motlagh, Reza; Jafari Arismani, Rasole

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Bladder stone is the most common form of lower urinary tract stones and constitutes 5% of all urinary tract stones. The giant bladder stones are very rare and our report was the first one in Iran and in the world. Case Presentation: The patient was a 35-year-old man who was referred to our urology clinic with the lower urinary tract symptoms. Irritative symptoms were dominant without obstructive symptoms. During a physical examination, hard mass was palpated in suprapubic area. On ultrasonography, a huge stone with 110-mm diameter was revealed in the bladder. Conclusions: A unique point in this patient was the absence of any history or current conditions such as bladder outlet obstruction or foreign body, which might predispose bladder to stone formation. Another unique point was the heavy weight (826 g) of one-piece-stone filling all bladder space. In majority of reported bladder stones, the weight was lower and the stones were in multiple pieces. PMID:25738111

  11. Nonpigmented Metastatic Melanoma in a Two-Year-Old Girl: A Serious Diagnostic Dilemma

    PubMed Central

    Diniz, Gulden; Tosun Yildirim, Hulya; Yamaci, Selcen

    2015-01-01

    Although rare, malignant melanoma may occur in children. Childhood melanomas account for only 0.3–3% of all melanomas. In particular the presence of congenital melanocytic nevi is associated with an increased risk of development of melanoma. We herein report a case of malignant melanoma that developed on a giant congenital melanocytic nevus and made a metastasis to the subcutaneous tissue of neck in a two-year-old girl. The patient was hospitalized for differential diagnosis and treatment of cervical mass with a suspicion of hematological malignancy, because the malignant transformation of congenital nevus was not noticed before. In this case, we found out a nonpigmented malignant tumor of pleomorphic cells after the microscopic examination of subcutaneous lesion. Nonpigmented metastatic melanoma was diagnosed by several immunohistochemical and flow cytometric studies. She was offered palliative chemotherapy; however, her parents did not accept treatment. The patient died within 9 months of diagnosis. We emphasized here that the possibility of malignant melanoma in the differential diagnosis of childhood tumors should be kept in mind. PMID:25763285

  12. Chiropractic Management of a 24-Year-Old Woman With Idiopathic, Intermittent Right-Sided Hemiparesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Bova, Joseph; Sergent, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient with idiopathic, intermittent right-sided hemiparesthesia. Clinical Features A 24-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of intermittent idiopathic right arm paresthesia. She also had a 3-month history of intermittent idiopathic right leg/face paresthesia. These symptoms were strongest at night and caused insomnia and worsened over time. She rated her discomfort at 5/10 on a numeric scale. Intervention and Outcome Care included vibration stimulation therapy, spinal manipulation and cold laser therapy. She had a noticeable reduction in her paresthesia both subjectively and objectively. She showed improvement in paresthesia on the right side of her body after the first visit. The following week, after 2 visits she returned and stated that she was symptom free with 0/10 discomfort on a numeric scale. Conclusion This patient's symptoms of idiopathic, intermittent right-sided hemi-paresthesia seemed to improve with a short course of chiropractic care using manipulation, vibration therapy and cold laser therapy. PMID:25435843

  13. Bilateral isolated Epididymal Agenesis in a 32 year old man.

    PubMed

    Salvarci, Ahmet; Agrali, Yunus

    2015-01-01

    Laparoscopy began to be used widely since the second half of 1990s as an alternative to laparotomy or vaginal approaches in incontinence and pelvic diseases in women, based on its claimed better success rates. Injuries were reported in the bladder, gastrointestinal system and the entry of the Verress cannula in early and late laparoscopic applications. De-novo urging, voiding dysfunctions, marked recurrences and surgical inefficiencies were observed in 5-year follow-ups after laparoscopic incontinence surgery. Although tension-free midurethral sling operations replaced open laparoscopic colposuspensions nowadays, laparoscopic colposuspension is still preferred in cases where simultaneous laparoscopic paravaginal repair or sacrocolpopexy is considered or where synthetic graft implantation is contraindicated. Moreover, meshes and endotackers are still frequently used in many laparoscopic applications in various clinics. The migration of the tacker used in mesh fixation in a patient where retroperitoneal laparoscopic Burch was performed 7 years ago due to stress urinary incontinence and the extraction of the ossified tacker from the bladder will be presented. PMID:26005984

  14. The effects of forced exercise prior to race training on two-year-old racehorses 

    E-print Network

    Hiney, Kristina Marie

    1998-01-01

    The effects of forced exercise prior to race training hics. were investigated in two-year-old horses. of two treatment groups-one which received forced exercise and the other which served as a non-exercised control group. ...

  15. Enhancing the executive functions of 3-year-olds in the Dimensional Change Card Sort task.

    PubMed

    Perone, Sammy; Molitor, Stephen J; Buss, Aaron T; Spencer, John P; Samuelson, Larissa K

    2015-01-01

    Executive functions enable flexible thinking, something young children are notoriously bad at. For instance, in the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task, 3-year-olds can sort cards by one dimension (shape), but continue to sort by this dimension when asked to switch (to color). This study tests a prediction of a dynamic neural field model that prior experience with the postswitch dimension can enhance 3-year-olds' performance in the DCCS. In Experiment 1A, a matching game was used to preexpose 3-year-olds (n = 36) to color. This facilitated switching from sorting by shape to color. In , 3-year-olds (n = 18) were preexposed to shape. This did not facilitate switching from sorting by color to shape. The model was used to explain this asymmetry. PMID:25441395

  16. A 13-year-old girl with karyotype 47,XX,+i(22)(qll)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arabella Smith; Ian S Fraser; Rodney P Shearman

    1981-01-01

    A 13-year-old girl presented because of abnormal pubertal development. She was found to have an isochromosome of 22 in addition to a normal female chromosome complement. Investigation also showed moderate mental retardation.

  17. Body composition and body mass index in 5-year-old children

    E-print Network

    Rogg, Elizabeth (Betsy)

    2013-05-31

    . Objective: Describe body composition in 5-year- old children; examine if BMI and maternal characteristics correlate with adiposity in children. Methods: Fifty children provided BMI, body composition by air displacement plethysmography (ADP) (Bod...

  18. An Investigation into Understanding of Geological Time among 10- and 11-Year-Old Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trend, Roger

    1998-01-01

    Focuses on the understanding of British children (N=189) of geologic time as they participate in related activities. Indicates that 10- and 11-year-old children lack a clear chronology of geologic events. Contains 22 references. (DDR)

  19. [Headaches in a 21-year-old man with Goodpasture disease].

    PubMed

    Petit, J-S; Murat, O; Perrier, S; Lepouse, C; Jaussaud, M; Léon, A

    2009-09-01

    The case of a 21-year old man who died due to an intracranial thrombosis just after diagnosis of Goodpasture's disease, is reported. Discussion deals with the putative mechanisms, which could be responsible for the thrombosis. PMID:19682834

  20. Persuasion from an Eighteen-Year-Old's Perspective: Perry and Piaget.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dinitz, Sue; Kiedaisch, Jean

    1990-01-01

    Looks at how the theories of William Perry and Jean Piaget explain choices students made in writing persuasive essays. Examines the implications of their theories for teaching persuasion to eighteen-year olds. (SR)

  1. Incidental finding of synchronous bilateral ductal carcinoma in situ associated with gynecomastia in a 15-year-old obese boy: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Lemoine, Caroline; Mayer, Sandeep K; Beaunoyer, Mona; Mongeau, Charles; Ouimet, Alain

    2011-09-01

    Carcinoma of the breast is rarely encountered in the male population and is even less prevalent in the pediatric male population. Studies have suggested an association between male breast carcinoma and gynecomastia, but conflicting results have been shown. Only 3 cases of carcinoma in situ associated with bilateral gynecomastia during puberty have been described in the literature. Here, we present the case of a 15-year-old boy with bilateral gynecomastia who was found to have synchronous bilateral ductal carcinoma in situ. PMID:21929970

  2. Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas in male patients: Report of 16 cases

    PubMed Central

    Cai, Yun-Qiang; Xie, Si-Ming; Ran, Xun; Wang, Xing; Mai, Gang; Liu, Xu-Bao

    2014-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the clinical characteristics, surgical strategies and prognosis of solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) of the pancreas in male patients. METHODS: From July 2003 to March 2013, 116 patients were diagnosed with SPT of the pancreas in our institution. Of these patients, 16 were male. The patients were divided into two groups based on gender: female (group 1) and male (group 2). The groups were compared with regard to demographic characteristics, clinical presentations, surgical strategies, complications and follow-up outcomes. RESULTS: Male patients were older than female patients (43.1 ± 12.3 years vs 33.1 ± 11.5 years, P = 0.04). Tumor size, location, and symptoms were comparable between the two groups. All patients, with the exception of one, underwent complete surgical resection. The patients were regularly followed up. The mean follow-up period was 58 mo. Two female patients (1.7%) developed tumor recurrence or metastases and required a second resection, and two female patients (1.7%) died during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Male patients with SPT of the pancreas are older than female patients. There are no significant differences between male and female patients regarding surgical strategies and prognosis. PMID:24944486

  3. A 13-year-old caucasian boy with cleidocranial dysplasia: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare congenital autosomal dominant skeletal disorder. The disorder is caused by heterozygosity of mutations in human RUNX2, which is present on the short arm of chromosome 6p21. The incidence of CCD is one per million births. CCD appears spontaneously with no apparent genetic cause in approximately 40% of affected patients, and one in three patients has unaffected parents. The most prevalent features associated with CCD are aplastic or hypoplastic clavicles, supernumerary teeth, failed eruption of permanent teeth, and a hypoplastic maxilla. Case presentation A 13-year-old Caucasian boy presented with a chief complaint of delayed eruption of the permanent anterior teeth. The patient was subsequently diagnosed with CCD based on the clinical examination, panoramic X-ray, anterior-posterior and lateral cephalogram, and chest radiograph findings. The details of this case are herein reported because of the extremely low incidence of this disorder. Conclusions CCD is of clinical importance in dentistry and medicine because it affects the bones and teeth and is characterized by many changes in skeletal patterning and growth. Particularly in dentistry, CCD is of great clinical significance because is associated with delayed ossification of the skull sutures, delayed exfoliation of the primary teeth, lack of permanent teeth eruption, multiple supernumerary teeth, and morphological abnormalities of the maxilla and mandible. Patients with CCD seek treatment mainly for dental problems. Knowledge of the pathogenesis, clinical characteristics, and diagnostic tools of CCD will enable clinicians to render the appropriate treatment to improve function and aesthetics. Early diagnosis of CCD is crucial for timely initiation of an appropriate treatment approach. PMID:23289840

  4. Two-Year-Olds' Search Strategies and Visual Tracking in a Hidden Displacement Task.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Samantha C.; Berthier, Neil E.; Clifton, Rachel K.

    2002-01-01

    Provided 2- and 2.5-year-olds with partial visual information about a ball's path as it moved toward a hiding place. Found that both age groups were equally proficient at tracking the ball as it rolled behind a transparent screen with 4 opaque doors, but 2.5-year-olds were more likely to reach to the correct door when asked to find the ball.…

  5. Physiological and Behavioral Regulation in Two-Year-Old Children with Aggressive\\/Destructive Behavior Problems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan D. Calkins; Susan E. Dedmon

    2000-01-01

    A sample of 99 two-year-old children was selected on the basis of parents' responses to two administrations of the Child Behavior Checklist for two- to three-year-olds. Forty-nine of these children displayed symptoms of aggressive\\/destructive (externalizing) problems that were in the borderline clinical range (labelled “high risk”) and 50 children displayed few such symptoms (“low risk”). The children were assessed in

  6. Prediction of Dental Caries Development in 1YearOld Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Grindefjord; G. Dahllöf; B. Nilsson; T. Modéer

    1995-01-01

    Dietary habits, oral hygiene, fluoride exposure and occurrence of mutans streptococci were studied in 1-year-old children (n = 786) as well as the socio-economic and immigrant background of their parents. The purpose was to evaluate the predictive ability of variables studied in 1-year-old children that could be used to identify children at risk for early caries development. In a multivariate

  7. Reference Values for Craniofacial Structures in Children 4 to 6 Years Old: Review of the Literature

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirjam Hönn; Gernot Göz

    2007-01-01

    This review article addresses the question as to what methods can be used to investigate cranial structure and growth development\\u000a in children 4 to 6 years old, and what the relevant reference values are for this age group.\\u000a \\u000a We screened the literature for epidemiological, longitudinal and cross-sectional studies investigating healthy children 4\\u000a to 6 years old without abnormalities and orthodontic

  8. 46,XY/47,XYY/48,XYYY karyotype in a 3-year-old boy ascertained because of radioulnar synostosis

    SciTech Connect

    James, C.; Robson, L.; Jackson, J. [Children`s Hospital, Sydney (Australia)] [and others

    1995-05-08

    Chromosome analysis was performed on a 3-year-old boy because of bilateral radioulnar synostosis and demonstrated a mosaic karyotype 46,XY/47,XYY/48,XYYY. He had minor facial anomalies and mild intellectual delay. He appears to be the youngest patient reported with this rare chromosome complement. His father, mother, and brother had normal chromosomes. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was performed on the propositus and his father with the Y chromosome heterochromatic probe (pHY3.4) to add to the evaluation of mosaicism. 17 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. “The Clock Is Ticking”: The Timely Management of a Painful Skin Rash in a Seventy-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Vijaykumar G.; Nichols, Michelle L.

    2014-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon but a potentially fatal condition and can affect any part of the body. Most patients have pre-existing conditions that render them susceptible to infection, although etiology is unclear. Diagnosis is primarily clinical and is often delayed because of the unfamiliarity of the condition among clinicians. Management consists of immediate resuscitation, early surgical debridement, and administration of broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics. We report a case of a 70 year old woman who presented with a painful erythematous rash, was admitted as a case of cellulitis, later developed worsening of symptoms and septic shock, and was diagnosed as necrotizing fasciitis. PMID:24715917

  10. Incidence of prostate cancer in male breast cancer patients: a risk factor for prostate cancer screening

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U J Lee; J S Jones

    2009-01-01

    Synchronous or metachronous occurrences of both prostate cancer and male breast cancer are rarely reported, but provide insight into their hormonal and genetic biology. We sought to determine the incidence of prostate cancer in male breast cancer patients at our institution, and to examine estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and HER-2\\/neu receptor (HR) status in these patients. A retrospective

  11. Developing a New Narrative: The Woman Therapist and the Male Patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa K. Gornick

    1986-01-01

    The dominant narrative of psychoanalysis or psychoanalytically oriented therapy has concerned the male analyst or therapist and the female patient. When one turns, however, to the work of women therapists with male patients—a relationship that reverses many of the assumed orderings between men and women—the impact of the gender of the participants on the therapeutic dialogue becomes more salient. In

  12. Erotic Transference Through Countertransference: The Female Therapist and the Male Patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helene Russ

    1993-01-01

    Although sexual drama infuses therapy, and the sexual transference and countertransference reactions between female clinician and male patient are rich with potential, few theorists address the reactions publicly for myriad reasons. Parallel to the dearth of literature is the lingering belief that male patients develop only muted sexual transferences, which they have difficulty articulating. This article explores the prevailing theories

  13. Illness, disability, and drugs among 25 to 75 year olds living at home.

    PubMed Central

    Peach, H; Charlton, J R

    1986-01-01

    A survey in a London borough showed that 15% of adults living at home were restricted in one or more areas of their lives because of illness. A sample of these adults aged 25 to 75 years was interviewed using a validated medical questionnaire, and the severity of their restrictions was also assessed using a separate instrument. Many symptoms were found which had not been reported to a doctor and many were not being treated. When the disability scores were regressed on symptoms classified as reported to a doctor, unreported, or absent, with a few exceptions it was the reported symptoms that were significantly associated with disability. Similarly, when symptoms were classified as treated (by doctor or respondent), untreated, or absent, treated symptoms were associated with disability. Some disabling symptoms were similar to the effects, mainly adverse, of commonly prescribed drugs, and these symptoms were reported more frequently by respondents taking the possible offending drug than by those not taking the drug. It appears that making general practitioners aware of unreported and untreated symptoms among their 25 to 75 year old patients will not reduce the overall level of disability in the community. However, the iatrogenic component of disability needs to be studied further. PMID:2940310

  14. A 2-year-old with 4 weeks of daily Fever.

    PubMed

    Darby, John B; Liddell, Lucette; DeGuzman, Marietta; McClain, Kenneth L; Rubenstein, Jared; Chase, Lindsay; Marquez, Lucila

    2015-05-01

    A 2-year-old female presents for evaluation of 4 weeks of daily fevers. When the fevers began, she had mild upper respiratory tract symptoms, which quickly resolved. The fevers persisted, however, with a maximum of 40°C. The child's review of symptoms was significant for a 1-kg weight loss over the past month. Ten months before presentation, she had moved from Saudi Arabia with her family. One week before the onset of symptoms, she had visited a petting zoo. During episodes of fever, the patient was ill-appearing and had an elevated heart rate and respiratory rate. On examination, she was found to be thin, febrile, tachycardic, and with scattered lymphadenopathy. Results of laboratory tests were remarkable for an elevated white blood cell count of 16?100 cells per uL with a neutrophilic predominance. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were elevated at 99 mm/h and 27 mg/dL, respectively. A chest radiograph indicated a small amount of fluid in the interlobar fissures. Our expert panel examines her case, offers a definition of fever of unknown origin, and makes diagnostic considerations. PMID:25917994

  15. Varicella Myopericarditis Mimicking Myocardial Infarction in a 17-Year-Old Boy

    PubMed Central

    De, Aliva; Myridakis, Dorothy; Kerrigan, Margot; Kiblawi, Fuad

    2011-01-01

    Varicella (chickenpox), a common childhood infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, is self-limiting and usually benign. Although atypical manifestations of the virus are occasionally seen, it rarely presents with cardiovascular sequelae. Cardiovascular complications of varicella can include pericarditis, myocarditis, or endocarditis. Herein, we report the case of a 17-year-old boy who had varicella infection and severe chest pain. Examination revealed atypical electrocardiographic findings of pericarditis and remarkably elevated cardiac biomarker levels: peak cardiac troponin I, 37.2 ng/mL; total creatine kinase, 1,209 U/L; and creatine kinase–MB fraction, 133.6 ng/mL. After results of coronary angiography reliably excluded ischemia and myocardial infarction, the diagnosis was varicella myopericarditis. The patient was placed on a medical regimen during and after 5 days of hospitalization. In 2 weeks, he was asymptomatic, and at 6 months, he was doing well and had normal electrocardiographic and echocardiographic results. To our knowledge, cardiac enzyme elevations to these levels have not been reported in cases of cardiovascular sequelae of varicella. We discuss the diagnostic challenges of this atypical case and suggest that clinicians be aware that varicella disease is most often, but not always, benign. PMID:21720475

  16. Secretory breast carcinoma in a 12-year-old girl: A case report

    PubMed Central

    WANG, YA-QI; WANG, YU; ZHANG, JING-HUA; LI, YU-FENG; LI, HONG-MIN; WANG, LEI; YAO, YUAN

    2014-01-01

    Secretory breast carcinoma (SBC) is a rare tumor that was originally described in children and adolescent women, with a characteristic morphology and controversy regarding the choice of treatment. This unusual breast cancer subtype generally has a favorable prognosis, although several cases have been described in adults with increased tumor aggressiveness and a risk of metastases. Surgery is considered the most appropriate treatment for this pathology. The present study describes the case of a 12-year-old female who presented with a painless lump in the left breast, and subsequently underwent a biopsy of the sentinel lymph node and a partial resection of the left breast (breast-conserving therapy). Periodic follow-up examinations after completion of the surgical and chemotherapeutic treatment have shown no evidence of either local regression or distant metastases and, one year later, the patient remains free of the disease. This study suggests that local excision with sentinel lymph node mapping may be a suitable therapeutic approach for children with SBC PMID:25202382

  17. Amorphous basophilic deposit in the superficial dermis of the lip in an 80 year old.

    PubMed

    Anatelli, Florencia; Chapman, M Shane; Brennick, Jeoffry

    2010-05-01

    An 80-year-old woman presented with a 3 mm pearly, translucent papule in her left upper cutaneous lip of 2 months duration which was biopsied to rule out basal cell carcinoma. Histopathologic examination revealed acellular, basophilic material in the superficial dermis, extending to the base of the biopsy. There was neither an epithelial component nor an inflammatory reaction associated with it. The amorphous, nonpolarizable material stained with Alcian Blue (pH 2.5) and with colloidal iron, but was negative with a Periodic acid-Schiff stain, indicative of an acidic mucin, such as weakly sulfated mucin of salivary gland origin or a dermal-origin mucin. The material was digested with hyaluronidase, consistent with the mesenchymal-origin mucin hyaluronic acid (HA). Additional clinical history was obtained; the patient had previous HA (Restylane) injections at another institution. We report a case of superficially applied HA and consider the histopathologic differential diagnosis of endogenous and injected mucin in the dermis. PMID:20110796

  18. Monogenic Diabetes Secondary to Congenital Lipodystrophy in a 14?year?old Yemeni Girl

    PubMed Central

    Nair, Sri; Kumar, An?l

    2010-01-01

    A 14?year?old female from Yemen presented with intense abdominal pain and headache. She was born at term to distant cousins, developmentally delayed and significantly dysmorphic. Four years ago, she was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and undiagnosed hepatic, cardiac, genetic, neurologic, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal disorders. No therapy was prescribed. Admission laboratory data showed blood glucose = 391 mg/dl, hemoglobin A1c= 12.2%, C?peptide = 3.5ng/ml, insulin = 6.8 uIU/ml, triglyceride =385mg/dl, and serum leptin <0.5ng/ml, (1.1?27.5). Chromosome analysis (46, XX) was normal and serology for Glutamic acid Decarboxylase (GAD), hepatitis and HIV were negative. Clinical examination and laboratory data suggested congenital generalized lipodystrophy (CGL, type BSCL?2). This case illustrates that CGL should be in the differential diagnosis for non?obese patients with diabetes and insulin resistance. Conflict of interest:None declared. PMID:21274320

  19. [Hypothalamic GH Deficiency and gelastic seizures in a 10-year-old girl with MELAS].

    PubMed

    Matsuzaki, M; Izumi, T; Ebato, K; Suzuki, H; Shishikura, K; Osawa, M; Fukuyama, Y; Shimizu, N

    1991-07-01

    A case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes, in which a pituitary growth hormone (GH) secretion deficiency of hypothalamic origin was revealed through neuro-endocrinological examinations, was described. The case was a 10-year-old girl, who had been suffering from generalized tonic seizures since age 5, four episodes of alternating hemiplegia since age 6, stunted growth since age 7, and simple partial motor seizures as well as gelastic seizures since age 8. Marked elevation of lactate and pyruvate in both serum and CSF, abundant ragged red fibers in biopsied muscle, and low density areas in the left occipital lobe and bilateral globus pallidus in addition to diffuse brain atrophy on CT scan and MRI of the head were demonstrated, although the activities of muscle enzymes complex I-IV were within normal ranges. Pituitary GH secretion was deficient under the loadings with insulin, L-DOPA, sleep, and a single growth hormone releasing factor (GRF) administration, but normal GH response was registered under the repetitive stimulation with GRF. Activities of other hormonal axes were normal. It is likely that short stature commonly observed in MELAS patients is due to hypothalamic dysfunction, which might be brought out by chronic ischemia and energy deficiency of the diencephalon based upon mitochondrial abnormality of that region. It is likely that gelastic seizure in this case is due to hypothalamic dysfunction. PMID:1873057

  20. Pseudoclavibacter otitis media in a 3-year-old boy with pulmonary and spinal tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Ayuthaya, Satja Issaranggoon Na; Leelaporn, Amornrut; Kiratisin, Pattarachai; Oberdorfer, Peninnah

    2015-05-01

    Pseudoclavibacter has rarely been documented as an etiologic agent of infection in humans. We presented the first case report of Pseudoclavibacter otitis media in a boy with pulmonary and spinal tuberculosis.A 3-year-old boy was referred to our hospital due to prolonged fever and progressive paraplegia for 3 months. He had yellowish discharge from both ear canals. The pleural fluid culture was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The discharge from both ears culture yielded yellow colonies of gram-positive bacilli with branching. This organism was positive for modified acid-fast bacilli stain but negative for acid-fast bacilli stain. Biochemical characteristics of this isolate were positive for catalase test but negative for oxidase, nitrate, esculin, and sugar utilization tests. The organism was further subjected to be identified by 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid gene sequencing. The result yielded Pseudoclavibacter species (99.4% identical), which could be most likely a potential pathogen in immunocompromised host like this patient. He responded well with intravenous trimetroprim-sulfamethoxazole for 6 weeks.This is the first case report of Pseudoclavibacter otitis media in children, and this case could emphasize Pseudoclavibacter species as a potential pathogen in immunocompromised host. PMID:25929901

  1. A 61-year-old man with instability of gait and right hand clumsiness.

    PubMed

    Vital, Anne; Ellie, Emmanuel; Loiseau, Hugues

    2010-01-01

    60 year-old man, without relevant medical history, noted a slight and progressive instability of gait for one month and right hand clumsiness. Brain MRI showed a cerebellar lesion, posterior to the middle cerebellar peduncle. This lesion was heterogeneous and hyperintense on FLAIR sequences, isointense on T1-weighted images, and showed gadolinium enhancement. Hematological and biological serum analyses were normal as were plasma and urine immunoelectrophoresis. CSF analysis including protein electrophoresis was unremarkable. CT scans of the abdomen, chest and pelvis were normal as were cervical echography and bone scintigraphy. A yellowish and firm lesion was surgically resected. The patient's recovery was good, with normal total body PET scan and bone marrow biopsy. Pathological study evidenced kappa light chain deposits and kappa-immunopositive mature plasma-cells in the vicinity. The deposits failed to show any birefringence in polarized light microscopy after Congo red staining, and electron microscopy revealed their granular ultrastructure. Light chains are well known for their amyloidogenic properties, but in a few cases, they are non amyloidogenic and may cause tissue deposits histologically similar to amyloid but Congo red-negative and non fibrillary at ultrastructural examination. Occurrence of light chain deposits in the brain is rare and the tumor-like MRI presentation is reminiscent of primary intracerebral amyloidoma presenting as a mass lesion. This is the first report of intracerebral kappa light chain deposits which presumably derived from local synthesis by mature plasma cells. PMID:20438489

  2. Secretory breast carcinoma in a 12-year-old girl: A case report.

    PubMed

    Wang, Ya-Qi; Wang, Yu; Zhang, Jing-Hua; Li, Yu-Feng; Li, Hong-Min; Wang, Lei; Yao, Yuan

    2014-10-01

    Secretory breast carcinoma (SBC) is a rare tumor that was originally described in children and adolescent women, with a characteristic morphology and controversy regarding the choice of treatment. This unusual breast cancer subtype generally has a favorable prognosis, although several cases have been described in adults with increased tumor aggressiveness and a risk of metastases. Surgery is considered the most appropriate treatment for this pathology. The present study describes the case of a 12-year-old female who presented with a painless lump in the left breast, and subsequently underwent a biopsy of the sentinel lymph node and a partial resection of the left breast (breast-conserving therapy). Periodic follow-up examinations after completion of the surgical and chemotherapeutic treatment have shown no evidence of either local regression or distant metastases and, one year later, the patient remains free of the disease. This study suggests that local excision with sentinel lymph node mapping may be a suitable therapeutic approach for children with SBC. PMID:25202382

  3. X-Linked Recessive form of Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus in a 7-Year-Old Boy.

    PubMed

    Janchevska, A; Tasic; Gucev, Z; Krstevska-Konstantinova, M; Cheong, H I

    2014-12-01

    Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is caused by the inability of renal collecting duct cells to respond to arginine vasopressin (AVP)/antidiuretic hormone (ADH). We present the case of a 7-year-old boy with a history of excretion of large amounts of dilute urine and polydipsia since infancy. The boy had several vomiting episodes with mild dehydration during the first 3 years of life. There was no evidence of headaches, dizziness or visual problems. He drinks between 2 and 3 L/day and has 24-hour diuresis of 2 liters, now. He has prepubertal appearance with appropriate weight [+0.85 standard deviation score (SDS)] and height (+0.15 SDS) for his age. His intelligence was also normal. The water deprivation test showed low urine osmolality after 8 hours of dehydration. After desmopressin administration, urine osmolality remained low. Serum osmolality was in the normal range for sex and age before and after desmopressin administration. This indicated a nephrogenic form of diabetes insipidus. Molecular analyses revealed a P286L [p.Pro(CCC)286Leu(CTC)] mutation in the AVPR2 gene, that was inherited from his mother. This patient is the first case with genetically confirmed X-linked inherited form of NDI in the Republic of Macedonia. Molecular analysis confirmed the clinical diagnosis and enabled genetic advice for this family. PMID:25937802

  4. Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease in an 8-year-old boy

    PubMed Central

    Karfiati, Feti; Ghrahani, Reni; Sapartini, Gartika; Sahril, Indra

    2011-01-01

    Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is an autoimmune disease involving pigmented tissue in eyes, auditory system, skin, and central nervous system. The pathogenesis is a result of T cell lymphocyte reaction against melanocyte component, tyrosinase and tyrosinase-related protein. This disease uniquely affected pigmented race in Asia and native America, mostly women aged 20-50. We reported an 8-years-old boy complained for visual disturbance since 6 weeks prior admission. Two years earlier, the parents noted the patient eyes were looked red when photographed (suggesting a dilated pupil) preceded by whitened on the right forehead and nose and whitened hair, eyebrow and eyelashes. The examination showed a vitiligo and skin atrophy on right frontal and right nasal, poliosis on the eyebrows, eyelids and hair. The diameter of right pupil was 8 mm, with a paresis on 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 9th nerves. Fundus examination revealed sunset glow appearance. The visual acuity on the right eye: 2/60, left eye: 1-0. There's positive serology for antitoxoplasma IgG, anti Rubella IgG, anti CMV IgG. The patient was diagnosed with a VKH disease and then prescribed with methylprednisolone 1 mg/kg/day. The patient also had further follow up with dermatovenerologist and ophthalmologist. The eye examination revealed an improvement on right eye panuveitis, with a remaining keratic precipitate in the endothelium, and minimal flare and cell on the anterior chamber. ENT consultation revealed no ear inflammation or hearing disturbance. PMID:22053304

  5. Occlusal Status among 12-16 Year-Old School Children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

    PubMed Central

    Asiry, Moshabab A

    2015-01-01

    Background: Identifying occlusal status in a particular population will be valuable in planning the appropriate preventive and treatment programs. The purpose of this study was to assess the status of occlusion among school children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from September 2012 to June 2013. A total of 1825 Saudis (1007 males and 818 females) of 12-16 years old were randomly selected from 20 schools in different areas of Riyadh city to determine the status of their occlusion. The examiners assessed molar and canine relationships, spacing and crowding, overjet, overbite, anterior and posterior cross bite. These occlusal parameters were examined by two experienced examiners using a mouth mirror, small light source and calibrated fiber ruler. Results: About 60.11% of Saudis presented with Class I molar relationship while 7.12% and 10.13% of the subjects had Class II and III molar relationship, respectively. The most prevalent canine relationship was Class I (54.13%), followed by Class II (12.4%) and Class III (11.2). Normal overjet and overbite were observed in 76% and 67% of the sample, respectively. The prevalence of malocclusion traits were crowding (45.4%), Spacing (26.9%), excessive over jet (16.4%), posterior cross bite (8.9%), anterior open bite (8.4%) and excessive overbite (6.68%). No statistically significant differences were found between the genders about the prevalence of any occlusion traits (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Class I molar relationship, normal overbite, and normal overjet were dominant features among Saudis. Crowding was the most prevalent malocclusion trait, followed by spacing. These findings will help in understanding the occlusion status in order to plan for prevention and treatment of malocclusion in Riyadh city. PMID:26028897

  6. [Left atrial myxoma in a patient with heart failure after myocardial infarction - a case report].

    PubMed

    Detko-Barczy?ska, Joanna; Dabrowski, Rafa?; Kraska, Alicja; Szwed, Hanna

    2008-06-01

    A case of a 54-year-old male patient with left atrial myxoma, coronary heart disease, heart failure and multiple cardiovascular risk factors is described. The patient did not present typical symptoms of myxoma. Diagnosis and treatment of cardiac myxoma as well as the importance of echocardiographic examination in every patient with decompensated chronic heart failure are discussed. PMID:18626835

  7. Severe periodontal disease manifested in chronic disseminated type of langerhans cell histiocytosis in a 3-year old child.

    PubMed

    Bansal, Monika; Srivastava, Vinay Kumar; Bansal, Rajesh; Gupta, Vineeta; Bansal, Manish; Patne, Shashikant

    2014-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), previously known as histio-cytosis X, is a rare idiopathic disorder of reticulo-endothelial system with abnormal proliferation of bone marrow derived Langerhans cells along with a variable number of leukocytes, such as eosinophils, neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells. Three years old male child presented with multifocal osteolytic lesions and papulosquamous skin lesions. Clinical and radio-graphic features, such as severe alveolar bone loss, mobility of teeth, precocious eruption of teeth, foating appearance of teeth in orthopantomogram (OPG), osteolytic lesion in skull and cutaneous lesions were highly suggestive of LCH disease. Skin biopsy confirmed a diagnosis of LCH. Induction chemotherapy with oral prednisolone and intravenous vinblastine was started. Child responded well to chemotherapy. The clinical significance of the presented case is to diagnose the case of LCH on the basis of the manifestation of severe periodontal disease as this can be first or only manifestation of LCH. A dentist plays a major role in the multidisciplinary treatment of LCH through routine examination and periodic follow-up. How to cite this article: Bansal M, Srivastava VK, Bansal R, Gupta V, Bansal M, Patne S. Severe Periodontal Disease Manifested in Chronic Disseminated Type of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis in a 3-Year Old Child. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):217-219. PMID:25709306

  8. Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in a patient with angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy.

    PubMed Central

    Uwaydah, A. K.; al Qadah, F.

    1992-01-01

    A 29 year old Bengali male patient on chemotherapy for angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy developed Strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome 3 months after being treated with a single 3 day course of thiabendazole. His complicated hospitalization and successful management are described. Prevention of this potentially fatal disease in immunocompromised patients by early diagnosis and proper management of intestinal strongyloidiasis is emphasized. PMID:1494529

  9. Primary Cytomegalovirus-Related Eosinophilic Pneumonia in a Three-year-old Child with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

    PubMed Central

    Reesi, Mohammed Al; Al-Maani, Amal; Paul, George; Al-Arimi, Sumaiah

    2014-01-01

    A diagnosis of eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is rare in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). We report a case of EP in association with a primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in a three-year-old Omani child with ALL. The patient presented with fever while undergoing maintenance chemotherapy. He was admitted to the Child Health Department of Royal Hospital, in Muscat, Oman, in November 2011. He was initially thought to have sepsis but failed to respond to antibiotics. Chest computed tomography showed diffuse ground glass lung opacification. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cytology was consistent with the diagnosis of EP. Polymerase chain reaction tests for CMV were performed on the BAL and blood samples and were both markedly elevated. The patient made a full recovery after treatment with prednisolone and ganciclovir. The association between CMV infection and EP as well as the management of this combination in immunocompromised patients has never been reported in the English literature. PMID:25364562

  10. [A 64-year-old woman with progressive gait disturbance and dementia for one year].

    PubMed

    Sugita, Y; Matsumine, H; Wakiya, M; Mori, H; Suda, K; Kondo, T; Mizuno, Y

    1998-09-01

    We report a 64-year-old Japanese woman who died one year after the onset of progressive gait disturbance and dementia. She noted a difficulty in holding a glass and hand tremor in June of 1996 when she was 63 years old. In July of 1996, she tended to lean toward left when she walked. She also noted truncal titubation. In November of 1996, she started to have visual hallucination and delusion in which she said "I see something is flying on the wall.", "Somebody has come into my room", and things like that. She was admitted to our service on November 22, 1996. On admission, she was alert and general physical examination was unremarkable. Neurologic examination revealed disturbance in recent memory. Hasegawa's dementia rating scale was 22/30. She showed vivid visual hallucination with colors in which she saw faces of dwarfs and angels, a space ship, and others. Higher cerebral functions were normal. She showed left oculomotor palsy which was a sequel of an aneurysm and subarachnoid hemorrhage nine years before. Otherwise cranial nerves were unremarkable. She showed ataxic gait, limb ataxia, truncal titubation, and postural hand tremor. She had no weakness and no muscle atrophy. Deep tendon reflexes were within normal limits. Plantar response was flexor. Sensation was intact. Laboratory examination was also unremarkable. Complete survey for occult malignancy was negative. CSF was under a normal pressure and cell count was 1/microliter, total protein 27 mg/dl, and sugar 68 mg/dl. Cranial CT scan was unremarkable. MRI was not obtained because of the presence of an aneurysm clip in the left internal carotid-posterior communication artery junction. She showed progressive deterioration in her mental function. By January 1997, she became unable to stand or walk with marked dementia. Repeated CSF exams and cranial CT scans were unremarkable. She suffered from several episodes of aspiration pneumonia. A trial of three days methylprednisolone pulse therapy was given starting on March 7, 1997, which was of no effect on her neurologic status. On March 28, 1997, she was intubated because of acute respiratory distress syndrome. In April 2, her body temperature rose to 38 degrees C. On April 9, 1997, her blood pressure dropped and resuscitation was unsuccessful. She was pronounced dead on the same day. The patient was discussed in a neurologic CPC and the chief discussant arrived at the conclusion that the patient had primary leptomeningeal lymphoma. Other possibilities entertained among the audience included brain stem encephalitis of unknown type, carcinomatous cerebellar degeneration plus limbic encephalitis, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, thalamic degeneration, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. Post-mortem examination revealed thickening and clouding of the leptomeninges; Gram-positive diplococci were found in the leptomeninges. This meningitis appeared to have been an complication in the terminal stage of her illness. Microscopic examination revealed astrocytosis in the midbrain tegmentum. Cerebral cortices showed only mild astrtocytosis. No cerebellar atrophy was seen and Purkinje cells were retained which excluded paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration. Neuropathologic diagnosis was bacterial meningitis, however, the presence of brain stem encephalitis prior to the onset of bacterial meningitis could not be excluded. It is interesting to note that the diagnosis of the primary neurologic disease of this patient was not easy even after autopsy. As autopsy permission was obtained only for the brain, it was not clear whether or not this patient had an occult malignancy somewhere in her body, however, there was no evidence to indicate paraneoplastic degeneration of the central nervous system. As the patient did not have meningeal signs until one month before her death, it is difficult to ascribe her entire neurologic problems to her meningitis. Finally, her visual hallucination was vivid and colorful; we thought this might have been PMID:9789311

  11. Mucinous carcinoma in a male breast.

    PubMed

    Aggarwal, Roopak; Rajni; Khanna, Geetika; Beg, Shaham

    2011-04-01

    Male breast cancer is rare as compared to female counterpart. Pure mucinous carcinoma is an extremely rare histological subtype representing less than 1% of male breast cancers. So far very few cases of pure mucinous carcinoma of male breast have been reported in the literature, most of which were diagnosed after surgical resection. Fine-needle aspiration cytology is a well-established procedure for the evaluation of female breast masses but the diagnosis of malignancy in aspirates from male breast masses is rare. We herein present one case of mucinous carcinoma of breast in a 75-year-old male diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration and confirmed by histopathology. After a follow-up of 12 months the patient is free of any recurrence or metastasis. PMID:21713154

  12. Effects of perceptual variables on numerosity comparison in 5–6-year-olds and adults

    PubMed Central

    Tokita, Midori; Ishiguchi, Akira

    2013-01-01

    Although a critical issue in the debate over the existence of abstract numerical representation, it remains unclear whether and how perceptual variables affect numerosity judgment and how they change across development stages. In this research, we examine the effects of perceptual variables on approximate numerosity comparison in 5–6-year-olds and adults using the identical experimental procedure. In the assessment of the effect of the perceptual variables, we measured precision (i.e., Weber fraction) and accuracy (i.e., point of subjective equality; PSE) of the numerosity comparison. In Study 1, we tested how the manipulation of the cumulative element area would affect approximate numerosity comparison. The results showed that Weber fractions increased and the size of bias enlarged in the large element condition in both adults and 5–6-year-olds. In study 2, we tested how the manipulation of the array area would affect the precision and accuracy of approximate numerosity comparison. The results demonstrated that Weber fractions increased and the size of bias enlarged in the large array condition in both adults and 5–6-year-olds. Overall, our results suggest that the effect of perceptual variables on 5–6-year-olds is qualitatively similar to that on adults. In addition, we also tested whether the performance of approximate comparison correlated with the initial numerical skill in 5–6-year-olds to reveal least relationship between them. PMID:23898308

  13. Reproductive suppression in male alpine marmots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    WALTER ARNOLD; JOHN DITTAMI

    1997-01-01

    Social groups of alpine marmots,Marmota marmotaoften contain several adult males only one of which is a dominant territorial male. How reproductive competition may be expressed among adult group males during mating was investigated, in particular whether reproduction is suppressed in subordinate males. Among adult subordinate males at least 3 years old, potential offspring of the territorial male (‘sons’) had androgen

  14. Orthopedic Correction of Growing Retrognathic Hyperdivergent Patients 

    E-print Network

    Carrillo, Roberto

    2014-05-13

    males and 10 females) consecutively treated patients who were 13.2 ±1.1 years old at the start of treatment (T1) and treated for 25.3 ± 9.3 months (T2). The maxillary posterior teeth (premolars and molars) were all intruded using a rigid segmental...

  15. Colonic lymphoma in the transplant patient

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel L. Phillips; Emmet B. Keeffe; Kent G. Benner; Rita M. Braziel

    1989-01-01

    Summary A 64-year-old male renal transplant recipient developed rectal bleeding caused by a primary lymphoma of the colon, an unusual site for initial disease involvement. Renal transplant recipients may be at increased risk for the development of primary colonic lymphoma, a diagnosis that should be considered in transplant patients who develop abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, or intestinal perforation. The unique

  16. [An 81-year-old woman with progressive motor disturbance, extrapyramidal features, dementia, and oculomotor palsy].

    PubMed

    Urabe, T; Mori, H; Sumino, S; Miwa, H; Wakiya, M; Shirai, T; Takubo, H; Mizuno, Y

    1998-03-01

    We report an 81-year-old woman who presented with motor disturbance in her right hand which was followed by parkinsonism, dementia, and supranuclear gaze palsy. She was well until her age of 73 (1989) when she had an onset of difficulty in using her right hand; she did not have weakness. She also developed small step gait. These symptoms had progressively become worse. She was admitted to our hospital in July of 1992 when she was 75 years old. On admission, she was alert and oriented, but she showed some difficulty in recent memory. She did not have aphasia or ideomotor apraxia, but she showed limb-kinetic apraxia in her right hand, ideational apraxia, dressing apraxia, constructional apraxia, tactile agnosia, and left-right disorientation. Alien-hand syndrome was observed in her right hand. Ocular movement was within normal limit for her age. She had oro-lingual dyskinesia. Otherwise, cranial nerves were intact. She walked in small-steps. She had rigidity and fine myoclonic movements in her right upper extremity. Deep reflexes were within normal limits and symmetric. Superficial and deep sensations were intact. Laboratory findings were unremarkable. She was discharged on August 15, 1992 for outpatient follow-up. Her motor and mental symptoms were progressive. By October of 1992, she developed supranuclear vertical gaze palsy, marked rigidity in the neck, and astereognosis. By June 1993, she became unable to walk without support. MRI taken in May of 1994 revealed atrophy of insular cortices, temporal lobe tips and parietal lobes more on the left side; the third ventricle was slightly dilated. She was admitted to another hospital on June 30, 1994. She had become a bed-ridden state with marked dementia and dysphagia. She developed fever on November 5, 1996 and expired on December 16 of the same year. She was discussed in a neurological CPC and the chief discussant arrived at the conclusion that the patient had corticobasal degeneration. Other diagnoses entertained included progressive supranuclear palsy, pallidonigroluysian atrophy, diffuse Lewy body disease, and Pick's disease. But the most of the participants agreed with the chief discussant's diagnosis. Post-mortem examination revealed aspiration pneumonia in the lungs and liver fibrosis apparently due to viral hepatitis. In the central nervous system, frontal and parietal lobes were atrophic more on the left side. Atrophy was accentuated in the superior frontal gyri, precentral and postcentral gyri, and superior and inferior parietal lobuli. Neuronal loss and astrocytosis were seen in these regions with scattered ballooned neurons. The substantia nigra showed marked neuronal loss and gliosis; neuronal loss was also seen in the pars reticulata. The outer and inner segments of globus pallidus and the periacqueductal gray matter showed gliosis, however, no apparent neuronal loss was seen. Putamen, subthalamic nucleus, and the dentate nucleus were preserved. Pathologic changes were consistent with the diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration. It was interesting to note that anti-tau immunostaining and Gallyas staining revealed neuropil threads and astrocytic plaques in the cortical areas, and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies in the cortical neurons; these inclusions were not stained by Bodian stain. Tuft-shaped astrocytes which may be seen in progressive supranuclear palsy were not observed in this patient. Although corticobasal degeneration and progressive supranuclear palsy share some neurological features in common, this patient showed typical pathologic changes of corticobasal degeneration. PMID:9566008

  17. Still dizzy after all these years: a 90-year-old woman with a 54-year history of dizziness

    PubMed Central

    Smirnova, Alina; Bell, Stephanie H; Tracy, C Shawn; Upshur, Ross EG

    2011-01-01

    This report presents the case of a 90-year-old female with a 54-year history of dizziness, which has been exhaustively investigated. Over the years, the patient made 59 visits to her family doctor and 18 visits to various specialists, as well as emergency department visits and hospitalisations. In detailing the exhaustive investigations and referrals that the patient has undergone over many years (with inconclusive results), this case illustrates the myriad challenges in diagnosing and treating chronic dizziness in the older. The authors suggest that, in complex cases characterised by multimorbidity and polypharmacy, a function-oriented approach is indicated. In place of the conventional ‘diagnose and treat’ model, a functional approach to ongoing care emphasises the symptom management, improvement of function and quality of life. To optimise patient outcomes, an interprofessional team approach is preferred. PMID:22679229

  18. Primary Cutaneous Gamma-Delta T-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder in a 3-Year-Old Boy.

    PubMed

    Soon, Christopher W M; Link, Michael; Kim, Youn H; Kim, Jinah

    2015-07-01

    Primary cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma (PCGD-TCL) is a rare disorder, constituting less than 1% of primary cutaneous lymphomas. Most cases occur in adults and may present as plaques or nodules with ulceration. Here we describe an unusual case of PCGD-TCL in a 3-year-old boy who presented with asymptomatic subcutaneous nodules. To our knowledge, this report represents one of the youngest reported patients with gamma-delta lymphoma/lymphoproliferative disorder. In addition, our patient has an indolent clinical presentation with greater than 1 year clinical follow-up. Because gamma-delta T-cell lymphomas are exceedingly rare in children, we acknowledge that the clinical course/outcome in young patients is still unclear. We hope to add to the recognition that PCGD-TCLs demonstrate a wide clinical spectrum of disease with relatively indolent presentations in some cases. PMID:25072685

  19. Schizophrenia or neurodegenerative disease prodrome? Outcome of a first psychotic episode in a 35-year old woman

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Baber K.; Woolley, Josh D.; Chao, Steven; See, Tricia; Karydas, Anna M.; Miller, Bruce L.; Rankin, Katherine P.

    2011-01-01

    Background Patients with early onset neurodegenerative disease can present with a clinical syndrome that overlaps with schizophrenia, and it is not uncommon for these patients to undergo long-term care in psychiatric settings rather than receiving more appropriate care by neurologists specializing in their disease. Case report A 35-year old woman who presented with new-onset delusions, eating abnormalities, disorganized behavior, lack of insight, disinhibition, and stereotypical motor behaviors was diagnosed with schizophrenia and institutionalized. Later she was found to have a MAPT tau S356T mutation and a focal pattern of brain atrophy consistent with frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Conclusion Physicians should be aware of the potential overlap in symptoms and age of onset between some forms of FTD and schizophrenia, and should include FTD in the diagnostic differential for adult patients with new onset, rapidly progressive personality changes or behavioral symptoms such as binge eating, high levels of social disinhibition, or progressive mutism. PMID:22284422

  20. Prune-belly syndrome associated with extra-abdominal abnormalities in a 7-year-old boy.

    PubMed

    Kabaku?, N; Serhatlio?lu, S; Akfirat, M; Kazez, A; Aydino?lu, H; Ozercan, I; Aygün, A D

    2000-01-01

    Prune-belly syndrome (PBS) is an association of abdominal wall deficiency, genitourinary anomalies, and in males, cryptorchidism. Other congenital anomalies are associated with PBS, particularly musculoskeletal deformities and gastrointestinal tract anomalies. In this report, a seven-year-old boy with PBS had mega cisterna magna variant, microcornea, aortic stenosis with bicuspid aortic valves, cholelithiasis, and Hirschsprung's disease. Coexistence of these abnormalities with PBS supports the concept of PBS being caused by an early disturbance of not only mesodermal development but also of the other germ layers. There was maternal ingestion of drugs in the 1st month of gestation. All cases with PBS should be evaluated thoroughly for extra-abdominal abnormalities resulting from disturbances of ectodermal and endodermal development. Even though disturbances related to ectodermal and endodermal development may be asymptomatic, early diagnosis of the disturbances may help in preventing possible future problems. PMID:10936985

  1. Brief report: exposure and response prevention for obsessive compulsive disorder in a 12-year-old with autism.

    PubMed

    Lehmkuhl, Heather D; Storch, Eric A; Bodfish, James W; Geffken, Gary R

    2008-05-01

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) involves exaggerated or excessive worry about threatening and non-threatening stimuli coupled with impairing rituals believed to reduce anxiety. Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairment in social and communicative activities as well as restricted and repetitive behaviors. Approximately 2% of children with ASD are also diagnosed with OCD. Although there is extensive research demonstrating the effectiveness of behavioral interventions for pediatric OCD, little is known about how effective these treatments are for children who have a dual diagnosis of OCD and ASD. This report describes a 12-year-old male with Autism who was treated successfully with cognitive behavioral therapy with exposure and response prevention. This case study provides initial support that cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in symptom reduction for children with comorbid autism and OCD. PMID:17885801

  2. Verbal and nonverbal interactions of four- and five-year-old friends in potential conflict situations.

    PubMed

    Tomada, Giovanna; Schneider, Barry H; Fonzi, Ada

    2002-09-01

    Dyads of 4- and 5-year-old friends and nonfriends attending preschools in central Italy were identified by friendship nominations. The 217 dyads of friends and non-friends participated in 2 closed-field tasks designed to simulate real-life situations of potential conflict. In the 4-year-old cohort, there were no significant differences in the behavior of the partners in either of the situations. However, at age 5 years, friends respected the rules of a fast-paced competitive game significantly more than did nonfriends. In discussing how to share a single object (a chocolate egg with a toy inside), 5-year-old friends were more likely to reach agreement than were nonfriends. The results suggest important developmental changes in the processes of negotiation and sharing within the preschool years. PMID:12230153

  3. Early attachment predicts emotion recognition at 6 and 11 years old.

    PubMed

    Steele, Howard; Steele, Miriam; Croft, Carla

    2008-12-01

    This paper reports on findings from a sample of 63 children at 6 years old, and 49 children at 11 years old, all from the same cohort who had been observed with mother in the Strange Situation at 1-year-old. At 6 and 11 years, the children responded to the task of providing verbal labels for line-drawn (caricatures of) emotion faces. The faces comprised the six basic emotions identified as such by Darwin (sadness, happiness, anger, fear, surprise, and disgust) as well as a neutral face and two more complex (blended) emotions (mischievousness and disappointment). Infant-mother attachment was linked significantly with children's emotion judgments 5 years and, to a lesser extent, 10 years after the Strange Situation assessment. Results are discussed in terms of the long-term but attenuating influence of early learning experiences in the relationship with mother, and implications for how we think about the functioning of internal working models of attachment. PMID:19016048

  4. Discoidal impressions and trace-like fossils more than 1200 million years old.

    PubMed

    Rasmussen, Birger; Bengtson, Stefan; Fletcher, Ian R; McNaughton, Neal J

    2002-05-10

    The Stirling Range Formation of southwestern Australia contains discoidal impressions and trace-like fossils in tidal sandstones. The various disks have previously been linked to the Ediacaran biota, younger than 600 million years old. From this unit, we report U-Th-Pb geochronology of detrital zircon and monazite, as well as low-grade metamorphic monazite, constraining the depositional age to between 2016 +/- 6 and 1215 +/- 20 million years old. Although nonbiological origins for the discoidal impressions cannot be completely discounted, the structures resembling trace fossils clearly have a biological origin and suggest the presence of vermiform, mucus-producing, motile organisms. PMID:12004128

  5. Radiographic Evaluation of Third Molar Development in 5- to 25 Year Olds in Tehran, Iran

    PubMed Central

    Jafari, A.; Mohebbi, SZ.; Khami, MR.; Shahabi, M. Shakur; Naseh, M.; Elhami, F.; Shamshiri, AR.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Radiographic evaluation of the third molar tooth to determine its position and degree of development is an important part in diagnosis and treatment planning, as well as in forensic dentistry procedures. The objective was to investigate the developmental stages of third molars in relation to chronologic age, gender and location (maxillary/mandibular) in an Iranian population. Materials and Methods: The data were collected in departments of pediatric dentistry and orthodontics, Tehran Faculty of Dentistry and four private offices. Three calibrated observers visited the centers to examine panoramic radiographs and corresponded patients documents in each age cohort in the range of 5- to-25-years old. Data were analyzed by Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) in the linear mode and exchangeable correlation structure. The significance level was defined as 0.05. Results: The mean age of emerging third molars’ follicle was 9.29±1.65 years. Early calcification was seen at the mean age of 10.28±1.66 years. The GEE model controlling for age, gender and tooth location (maxillary/mandibular) revealed that besides age (?=0.43, p<0.001), the tooth location had association with the developmental stage (?=0.11, p<0.001) so that maxillary teeth were prior in calcification stages, but no relationship between gender and developmental stages was seen (?=0.03, p=0.69). Conclusion: Maxillary teeth were ahead of mandibular teeth in calcification stages with no gender difference. The present study may provide a reference for oral surgeons, pediatric dentists and orthodontists practicing in Iran and may have implications for the neighboring countries especially those with Caucasian populations. PMID:23066475

  6. Erotic terror: Male patients’ horror of the early maternal erotic transference

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harriet Kimble Wrye

    1993-01-01

    There is a particular terror that many male patients experience and often flee from as they approach feelings associated with the early maternal erotic transference. While pre- oedipal regression stirs degrees of anxiety in all men (Tyson, 1982), the primal fear of intimacy experienced by schizoid males may provoke the terror of annihilation. In this paper, I will review and

  7. For Immediate Release --Wednesday, March 20, 2013 Treating male and female cancer patients with radiation

    E-print Network

    Seldin, Jonathan P.

    ? · gender differences in cancer treatment rarely explored · consequences of radiation with radiation treatment of cancer cells and the difference between female and male and female cancer patients with radiation ­ are their brains affected differently

  8. Simultaneous Inflatable Penile Prosthesis (IPP) and Male Sling Placement: Aiding in a Faster Return to Patient ...

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    Simultaneous Inflatable Penile Prosthesis (IPP) and Male Sling Placement: Aiding in a Faster Return to Patient Quality-of-Life You must have Javascript enabled in your web browser. View Program Transcript ...

  9. Budget impact analysis of a pneumococcal vaccination programme in the 65-year-old Spanish cohort using a dynamic model

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background This study aimed to assess the costs and clinical benefits of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) administered annually to the 65-year-old cohort in Spain versus the alternative of not vaccinating patients and treating them only when infected. Methods Cases of pneumococcal disease avoided were calculated through a dynamic model based on the work of Anderson and May (1999). Sixty-six percent of the 65-year-old cohort was assumed to have been vaccinated with one PCV13 dose (304,492 subjects). Base-case estimated vaccine effectiveness and serotype coverage were 58% and 60%, respectively. Disease-related costs were calculated based on published data. Results Over the 5-year period, a total of 125,906 cases of pneumococcal disease would be avoided. Net savings of €102 million would be obtained. The cost-saving distribution was not homogeneous, starting in the 2nd year and increasing through the 5th. To demonstrate model robustness, an additional scenario analysis was performed using extreme values of model parameters (vaccination programme coverage, vaccine effectiveness, discount rate and disease costs). Under those scenarios, net savings were always achieved. Conclusions Based on the assumptions of the model, the 65-year-cohort pneumococcal vaccination campaign appears to be a cost-saving intervention in the Spanish population under different scenarios. PMID:23578307

  10. A reference skeletal dosimetry model for an adult male radionuclide therapy patient based on three-dimensional imaging and paired-image radiation transport

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shah, Amish P.

    The need for improved patient-specificity of skeletal dose estimates is widely recognized in radionuclide therapy. Current clinical models for marrow dose are based on skeletal mass estimates from a variety of sources and linear chord-length distributions that do not account for particle escape into cortical bone. To predict marrow dose, these clinical models use a scheme that requires separate calculations of cumulated activity and radionuclide S values. Selection of an appropriate S value is generally limited to one of only three sources, all of which use as input the trabecular microstructure of an individual measured 25 years ago, and the tissue mass derived from different individuals measured 75 years ago. Our study proposed a new modeling approach to marrow dosimetry---the Paired Image Radiation Transport (PIRT) model---that properly accounts for both the trabecular microstructure and the cortical macrostructure of each skeletal site in a reference male radionuclide patient. The PIRT model, as applied within EGSnrc, requires two sets of input geometry: (1) an infinite voxel array of segmented microimages of the spongiosa acquired via microCT; and (2) a segmented ex-vivo CT image of the bone site macrostructure defining both the spongiosa (marrow, endosteum, and trabeculae) and the cortical bone cortex. Our study also proposed revising reference skeletal dosimetry models for the adult male cancer patient. Skeletal site-specific radionuclide S values were obtained for a 66-year-old male reference patient. The derivation for total skeletal S values were unique in that the necessary skeletal mass and electron dosimetry calculations were formulated from the same source bone site over the entire skeleton. We conclude that paired-image radiation-transport techniques provide an adoptable method by which the intricate, anisotropic trabecular microstructure of the skeletal site; and the physical size and shape of the bone can be handled together, for improved compilation of reference radionuclide S values. We also conclude that this comprehensive model for the adult male cancer patient should be implemented for use in patient-specific calculations for radionuclide dosimetry of the skeleton.

  11. An eye for an I: a 35-year-old woman with fluctuating oculomotor deficits and dissociative identity disorder.

    PubMed

    Bhuvaneswar, Chaya; Spiegel, David

    2013-01-01

    Physiologic changes, including neurological or pseudo-neurological symptoms, occur across identity states in dissociative identity disorder DID) and can be objectively measured. The idea that dissociative phenomena might be associated with changes in brain function is consistent with research on the brain effects of hypnosis. The authors report a case of psycho-physiologic differences among 4 alter personalities manifested by a 35-year-old woman with DID. Differences in visual acuity, frequency of pendular nystagmus, and handedness were observed in this patient both when the alter personalities appeared spontaneously and when elicited under hypnosis. The authors consider several diagnostic possibilities for these findings and discuss whether prevailing treatment recommendations for DID patients could possibly be modified to ameliorate such visual and neurologic symptoms. PMID:23679117

  12. Intracerebral Schwannoma in a 16-Year-Old Girl: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Srinivas, R.; Krupashankar, D.; Shasi, V.

    2013-01-01

    Intracerebral schwannomas are rare tumors of the CNS. We report a rare case of intracerebral schwannoma, presenting as a cystic and solid frontoparietal mass, arising in a 16-year-old girl. The patient presented seizures and headache. Neuroradiologic findings showed a left frontoparietal lesion with cystic and tissular components. The tumor was removed through a left frontoparietal craniotomy. Histological features confirmed the diagnosis of intracerebral schwannoma. Intracerebral schwannomas, unrelated to cranial nerves, are rare. The Schwann cells are not indigenous to brain substance, and hence histogenesis of these tumours has attracted a lot of speculation, but because most reported cases have involved young patients, a developmental origin has been suggested. The theories and literature related to this case are reviewed. PMID:24187635

  13. Case Report: Primary dural based diffuse large B-Cell lymphoma in a 14 year-old boy

    PubMed Central

    Munakomi, Sunil; Bhattarai, Binod; Srinivas, Balaji; Cherian, Iype

    2015-01-01

    Primary dural lymphoma is a subentity of primary leptomeningeal lymphoma which represents 0.1% of all non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Only five cases have been reported so far. We report a very rare case of primary dural-based lymphoma in a 14 year-old boy presenting with mass effect. The patient was managed with excision of the lesion and removal of the involved bone. Post-operatively, the patient showed good recovery. He was then referred to the oncology unit for further chemo- and radiation therapy. A high index of suspicion should therefore be kept in order to diagnose the condition in a timely fashion and then plan for appropriate management since diffuse large cell lymphoma has a relatively benign clinical prognosis.

  14. Backstroke Technical Characterization of 11-13 Year-Old Swimmers

    PubMed Central

    Silva, Ana Filipa; Figueiredo, Pedro; Seifert, Ludovic; Soares, Susana; Vilas-Boas, Joăo Paulo; Fernandes, Ricardo J.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to characterize the backstroke swimming technique of 11-13 year-old swimmers when performing at very high intensity. A sample of 114 swimmers was divided into four groups regarding maturational and gender effect, who performed 25- m backstroke swimming at 50-m pace. Using two underwater cameras the general biomechanical parameters (speed, stroke rate, stroke length and stroke index), the arm stroke phases and two indexes of arm coordination (Index of Coordination 1, which characterizes the continuity between propulsive phases of each arm and Index of Coordination 2 that evaluates the simultaneity between the beginning of the pull of one arm and of the recovery of the other arm) were measured. Post- pubertal swimmers achieved higher values of speed (1.06 ± 0.14 and 1.18 ± 0.14 m·s-1 for pubertal and 1.13 ± 0.14 and 1.24 ± 0.12 m·s-1 for post-pubertal girl and boy swimmers, respectively), stroke length (1.64 ± 0.26 and 1.68 ± 0.25 m·cycle-1 for pubertal and 1.79 ± 0.22 and 1.75 ± 0.27 m·cycle-1 for post-pubertal girls and boys, respectively) and stroke index. Regar-ding genders, male were faster than female swimmers. Boys also showed a higher stroke rate and stroke index than girls, who achieved higher results in the ratio between stroke length and arm span. As it was expected, no hand lag time was noticed in young swimmers. Although no differences were noticed between genders, the Index of Coordination 1 was in catch-up mode (-9.89 ± 3.16 and -10.16 ± 3.60 % for girls and -9.77 ± 2.93 and -10.39 ± 2.44 % for boys pubertal and post-pubertal, respectively) and the Index of Coordination 2 was in superposition mode (1.86 ± 4.39 and 2.25 ± 2.25 % from girls and 1.72 ± 2.62 and 1.95 ± 2.95 % for boys, pubertal and post-pubertal, respectively). Key Points Young swimmers adopt the catch-up arm coordina-tion when swimming backstroke. These swimmers present lower stroking parameters then those published for older and higher level swimmers. No hand lag time at the thigh was noticed, meaning that young swimmers perform the final phase of their arm cycle without inducing discontinuity be-tween the propulsive actions of the two arms. PMID:24421720

  15. Analysis of FOXG1 Is Highly Recommended in Male and Female Patients with Rett Syndrome

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Van der Aa; M. Van den Bergh; N. Ponomarenko; L. Verstraete; B. Ceulemans; K. Storm

    2010-01-01

    We screened a cohort of 5 male and 20 female patients with a Rett spectrum disorder for mutations in the coding region of FOXG1, previously shown to cause the congenital variant of Rett syndrome. Two de novo mutations were identified. The first was a novel missense mutation, p.Ala193Thr (c.577G>A), in a male patient with congenital Rett syndrome, and the second

  16. Structural gray matter change early in male patients with HIV

    PubMed Central

    Li, Yunfang; Li, Hongjun; Gao, Quansheng; Yuan, Da; Zhao, Jing

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to characterize brain gray matter volumetric changes in HIV seropositive without neurocognitive impairment and seronegative men in Asia. We investigate 36 males with HIV seropositive (mean age 34.5±9.1 years) and 33 age- and gender-matched seronegative controls (mean age 31.4±7.6 years) in Asia. The cognitive competence of 36 males with HIV seropositive has no impaired based on performance in the international HIV dementia scale. High-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging is performed on a 3.0 T MR system using a standard 32-channel birdcage head coil. Voxel-based morphometry is used to derive volumetric measurements at the level of the individual voxel (p < 0.001, none corrected for multiple comparisons). Compared to the control group, HIV seropositive male lower gray matter volumes are found in left inferior frontal gyrus triangular part and orbital part, left superior temporal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus and ant cingulum; significant increases gray matter volumes can be seen in Periaqueductal gray and gray around lateral ventricle. HIV infection can change the gray matter volume early without cognitive competence impaired and MR can recognize that changes. PMID:25419369

  17. Development of Face Recognition in 5- to 15-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kinnunen, Suna; Korkman, Marit; Laasonen, Marja; Lahti-Nuuttila, Pekka

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on the development of face recognition in typically developing preschool- and school-aged children (aged 5 to 15 years old, "n" = 611, 336 girls). Social predictors include sex differences and own-sex bias. At younger ages, the development of face recognition was rapid and became more gradual as the age increased up…

  18. A 21-year-old woman with mediastinal mass and cardiac arrest

    PubMed Central

    Al-Sanouri, Ibrahim; Shaban, Mohammad; Al-Shahid, Maie; Abdulaziz, Salman

    2013-01-01

    Mediastinal mass syndrome (MMS) is a devastating respiratory and haemodynamic condition that might be encountered postintubation if special precautions are not carefully undertaken. We describe a case of MMS in a 21-year-old woman with a fatal outcome following emergency intubation for acute respiratory failure. PMID:23784759

  19. Collaboration between 3- and 4-Year-Olds in Self-Initiated Play on Instruments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Susan

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on a study of collaborative music-making on instruments among 3- and 4-year-old children. An area equipped with musical instruments was provided as a free-choice play option in an early childhood setting and a fixed camera recorded the children's play continuously during a number of visits. From the total 17 h of data five…

  20. Wakefulness (Not Sleep) Promotes Generalization of Word Learning in 2.5-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Werchan, Denise M.; Gómez, Rebecca L.

    2014-01-01

    Sleep enhances generalization in adults, but this has not been examined in toddlers. This study examined the impact of napping versus wakefulness on the generalization of word learning in toddlers when the contextual background changes during learning. Thirty 2.5-year-old children (M = 32.94, SE = 0.46) learned labels for novel categories of…

  1. The Influence of Three Emergent Literacy Skills on the Invented Spellings of 4-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niessen, Nicole L.; Strattman, Kathy; Scudder, Rosalind

    2011-01-01

    This study of 40 4-year-olds investigated whether tests of phonological sensitivity, print awareness, or word awareness accounted for a significant amount of variability in preschool children's invented spellings. Subtest results from the "Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening-PreKindergarten" and two measures of individual word awareness were…

  2. Primary synovial sarcoma of the parotid gland in 15-year-old boy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivica Lukši?; Mišo Virag; Spomenka Manojlovi?; Bojan Obradovi?; Darko Macan; Jasminka Stepan

    2011-01-01

    Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a malignant mesenchymal tumour, predominantly found in the deep soft tissues of lower extremities, whereas only 3% occur in the head and neck region. Primary synovial sarcoma of the parotid gland is exceptionally uncommon. This is a report of a 15-year-old boy with a synovial sarcoma arising in the parotid gland, and, to the best of

  3. Markers for Persistent Specific Expressive Language Delay in 3-4-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Everitt, Andrea; Hannaford, Philip; Conti-Ramsden, Gina

    2013-01-01

    Background: Identifying 3-4-year-olds who are most at risk of persisting language difficulties, and possibly specific language impairment (SLI), is difficult due to the natural variation of language in young children. In older children, markers for SLI have been identified that differentiate between children with and without SLI. It is not known…

  4. Ensemble Perception of Size in 4-5-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sweeny, Timothy D.; Wurnitsch, Nicole; Gopnik, Alison; Whitney, David

    2015-01-01

    Groups of objects are nearly everywhere we look. Adults can perceive and understand the "gist" of multiple objects at once, engaging ensemble-coding mechanisms that summarize a group's overall appearance. Are these group-perception mechanisms in place early in childhood? Here, we provide the first evidence that 4-5-year-old children use…

  5. Antecedents of Compliance in 2-Year-Olds From a High-Risk Sample.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Erickson, Martha Farrell; Crichton, Leslie

    In order to identify antecedents of infant's compliance with mothers' directions on how to solve four tasks (graded in terms of stressfulness to the infant), 194 high-risk mothers and their 2-year-old children were observed on videotape and assessed with a six-point rating scale. Data collected prenatally and postnatally at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months…

  6. 14- to 16-Year-Olds in Further Education Colleges: Lessons for Learning and Leadership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lumby, Jacky

    2007-01-01

    The views of 14- to 16-year-olds who have undertaken vocational courses in further education, and those of parents and staff, raise issues regarding the ways in which schools and colleges support learning. Staff differ in how they understand vocational education, reflecting not only conceptual differences but also differences in the market…

  7. Words, Shape, Visual Search and Visual Working Memory in 3-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vales, Catarina; Smith, Linda B.

    2015-01-01

    Do words cue children's visual attention, and if so, what are the relevant mechanisms? Across four experiments, 3-year-old children (N = 163) were tested in visual search tasks in which targets were cued with only a visual preview versus a visual preview and a spoken name. The experiments were designed to determine whether labels facilitated…

  8. Parental Strategies and Trajectories of Peer Victimization in 4 to 5 Year Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Marielle; Goossens, Frits A.; Schuengel, Carlo

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to examine how parental strategies contribute to explaining trajectories of peer victimization in young children. A total of 73 4 and 5 year old children identified as victims of peer aggression in the fall semester and their parents were recruited from 46 classrooms in 18 schools in the Netherlands. All children were…

  9. One- to Three-Year-Old Children's Experience of Subjective Wellbeing in Day Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seland, Monica; Sandseter, Ellen Beate Hansen; Bratterud, Ĺse

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study on which this paper is based was to explore in which situations and contexts Norwegian 1-3-year-olds experience subjective wellbeing in day care. The data in this study was collected through qualitative phenomenological observations of 18 children, and an inductive process of analysis was conducted. The results show that…

  10. Lullaby Light Shows: Everyday Musical Experience among Under-Two-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Susan

    2008-01-01

    This article reports on information gathered from a set of interviews carried out with 88 mothers of under-two-year-olds. The interviews enquired about the everyday musical experiences of their babies and very young children in the home. From the process of analysis, the responses to the interviews were grouped into three main areas: musical…

  11. Developing Number Knowledge: Assessment, Teaching and Intervention with 7-11 Year Olds. Math Recovery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Robert J.; Ellemor-Collins, David; Tabor, Pamela D.

    2011-01-01

    This fourth book in the Mathematics Recovery series equips teachers with detailed pedagogical knowledge and resources for teaching number to 7 to 11-year olds. Drawing on extensive programs of research, curriculum development, and teacher development, the book offers a coherent, up-to-date approach emphasizing computational fluency and the…

  12. Slowly but Surely: Adverbs Support Verb Learning in 2-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Syrett, Kristen; Arunachalam, Sudha; Waxman, Sandra R.

    2014-01-01

    To acquire the meanings of verbs, toddlers make use of the surrounding linguistic information. For example, 2-year-olds successfully acquire novel transitive verbs that appear in semantically rich frames containing content nouns ("The boy is gonna pilk a balloon"), but they have difficulty with pronominal frames ("He is gonna pilk…

  13. Knowledge of Love: Narratives of Romance Told by 12-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haldar, Marit

    2013-01-01

    This article reports research on young people's conceptualisations of love and romance through a gender perspective. The data are stories written by 12-year-old girls and boys in Norway who were asked to fantasise about their future love life. Their narratives are explored through discourse analysis and semiotics and analysed within a…

  14. Hands as Companions of the Mind: Essential Practical Life for the 5-Year-Old

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilder, Sharon Allen

    2012-01-01

    Numerous observations in Montessori classrooms led veteran Montessorians Pamela W. Trumble and Eleni Bokas to the conclusion that a universal need exists to bring integrity back to Practical Life, especially for 5-year-olds. Maria Montessori's observations over a century ago revealed the importance of Practical Life and its relationship to the…

  15. Meaning-Making with Colour in Multimodal Texts: An 11-Year-Old Student's Purposeful "Doing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pantaleo, Sylvia

    2012-01-01

    Colour, a visual element of art and design, is a semiotic mode that is used strategically by sign-makers to communicate meaning. Understanding the meaning-making potential of colour can enhance students' understanding, appreciation, interpretation and composition of multimodal texts. This article features a case study of Anya, an 11-year-old

  16. Diverse Food Items Are Similarly Categorized by 8- to 13-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beltran, Alicia; Knight Sepulveda, Karina; Watson, Kathy; Baranowski, Tom; Baranowski, Janice; Islam, Noemi; Missaghian, Mariam

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Assess how 8- to 13-year-old children categorized and labeled food items for possible use as part of a food search strategy in a computerized 24-hour dietary recall. Design: A set of 62 cards with pictures and names of food items from 18 professionally defined food groups was sorted by each child into piles of similar food items.…

  17. The USA National Lesbian Family Study: Interviews with Mothers of 10-Year-Olds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nanette Gartrell; Carla Rodas; Amalia Deck; Heidi Peyser; Amy Banks

    2006-01-01

    This report from a prospective, qualitative, longitudinal study of 78 USA lesbian families presents data from interviews with 137 mothers of 10-year-old children conceived by donor insemination (DI). Half of the 37 couples who had remained together since the index child's birth reported that the child was equally bonded to both mothers. Among the 30 separated couples, custody was more

  18. Heartwood production in a 35-year-old black walnut progeny test

    E-print Network

    -year-old black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) progeny test was evaluated for growth and production ont été évaluées dans un test de descendance de noyers noirs (Juglans nigra L.) âgés de 35 ans. Les speculation that faster growing black wal- nut (Juglans nigra L.) genotypes being developed for short

  19. Phenotypic relationship between test results of Swedish Warmblood horses as 4-year-olds and longevity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lena Wallin; Erling Strandberg; Jan Philipsson

    2001-01-01

    The relationship between longevity and different traits scored in the Swedish Riding Horse Quality Test (RHQT) was studied to evaluate their use as predictors of survival. Data comprised 1815 Warmblood horses born between 1969 and 1982 that had participated in the RHQT as 4-year-olds. Survival information was obtained via a questionnaire sent to owners of horses that had participated in

  20. Seasonal and Daily Variation in Physical Activity among Three-Year-Old Finnish Preschool Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soini, Anne; Tammelin, Tuija; Sääkslahti, Arja; Watt, Anthony; Villberg, Jari; Kettunen, Tarja; Mehtälä, Anette; Poskiparta, Marita

    2014-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to assess seasonal, daily, and gender variations in children's physical activity (PA). ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers were used to record the three-year-old children's PA levels for five consecutive days in autumn and winter. Complete data for both seasons were obtained for 47 children. Despite a…