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1

Young Adult Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Poses the question of why coming-of-age stories about girls are usually published as juveniles while those about boys originate on adult book lists. Challenges the conventional wisdom on how best to market young adult literature. (FL)|

Epstein, Connie C.

1987-01-01

2

Young Adult Smoking Behavior  

PubMed Central

Background Young adults have the highest smoking rate of any age group in the U.S., and new strategies to decrease young adult smoking are needed. The objective of the current study was to identify psychographic and demographic factors associated with current smoking and quitting behaviors among young adults. Methods Attitudes, social groups, and self-descriptors, including supporting action against the tobacco industry, advertising receptivity, depression, alcohol use, and other factors associated with smoking were tested for associations with smoking behaviors in a 2005 cross-sectional survey of 1528 young adults (aged 18–25 years) from a web-enabled panel. Analyses were conducted in 2007. Results Being older was associated with current smoking, whereas having some higher education and being African American or Hispanic were negatively associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was negatively associated with smoking (AOR=0.34 [95% CI=0.22, 0.52]). Perceived usefulness of smoking, exposure to smokers, increased perceived smoking prevalence, receptivity to tobacco advertising, binge drinking, and exposure to tobacco advertising in bars and clubs were associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was associated with intentions to quit smoking (AOR= 4.43 [95% CI=2.18, 8.60]). Conclusions Young adults are vulnerable to tobacco-industry advertising. Media campaigns that denormalize the tobacco industry and appeal to young adults appear to be a powerful intervention to decrease young adult smoking.

Ling, Pamela M.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Glantz, Stanton A.

2009-01-01

3

Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... Trials Cancer Statistics Research & Funding News About NCI Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer Adolescents and Young ... Young Adult (AYA) Cancers Quiz Cancer Research Now: Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers You will need Adobe ...

4

Children's and Young Adult Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Yolith Omnibus Bill passed during he WHLIS in July 1991, includes oprovisions for six separate grants for children's, school, and young adult services in libraries. Funding cuts have made developing alternate sources of revenue vital for the survival of existing librarv services and the develooment of new ones. Are children's and young adult librarians trained in writing grant proposals?

Patricia J. Davis

1994-01-01

5

Snapshot of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... servingpeople/cancer-statistics/snapshots Selected Advances in AYA Cancer Research • • • • • • Melanoma in adolescents and young adults (ages 15– ... a Diagnosis, Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer. Cancer Research Now: Fertility Issues for Adolescents and Young Adults ...

6

Young Adult Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Applies the idea of the theme booktalk to "Wuthering Heights," which serves as a springboard for talking about themes of family rage, confrontation, quarrel and rebellion in other works of literature with relevance to contemporary young people. (JK)|

Rochman, Hazel

1986-01-01

7

Young Adult Books: Childhood Terror.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Refutes the myth that young adults won't read about protagonists younger than themselves. Describes novels from which adolescents can benefit that contain candid treatment of the loss of innocence, the search for home, and the complexities of independence, love, and self-knowledge. (EL)|

Rochman, Hazel

1985-01-01

8

TRICARE Young Adult. Final rule.  

PubMed

This final rule implements Section 702 of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (NDAA for FY11). It establishes the TRICARE Young Adult (TYA) program to provide an extended TRICARE Program coverage opportunity to most unmarried children under the age of 26 of uniformed services sponsors. The TYA program is a premium-based program. PMID:23724426

2013-05-29

9

Young Adults' Marital and Family Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only a few small studies have examined the effects of recent parental divorce on young adults, including how it influences attitudes toward marriage and divorce. Results from studies using parental marital status as a predictor of young adults' attitudes have been inconsistent. Other studies have suggested that parental and family conflict would be stronger predictors of young adults' marital and

Patricia Kozuch; Teresa M. Cooney

1995-01-01

10

Young adult suicide and exposure to television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adult suicide rates tripled following the introduction of television into the United States and Canada. To assess whether exposure to television is a risk factor for young adult suicide (ages 15–24), suicide trends were compared between the U. S., Canada, and South Africa, 1949–1985. Major increases in young adult suicide rates occurred in all three countries, even though there

B. S. Centerwall

1990-01-01

11

Raising "Hot Topics" through Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While young adult literature increases adolescents' motivation to read, and adolescents choose to read young adult novels over more canonical works when given opportunities to choose, the authors present yet another reason for teaching young adult literature in the middle school classroom: it provides a medium through which adolescents and their…

Groenke, Susan; Maples, Joellen; Henderson, Jill

2010-01-01

12

Myocardial infarction in young adults  

PubMed Central

Although myocardial infarction (MI) mainly occurs in patients older than 45, young men or women can suffer MI. Fortunately, its incidence is not common in patients younger than 45 years. However, the disease carries a significant morbidity, psychological effects, and financial constraints for the person and the family when it occurs at a young age. The causes of MI among patients aged less than 45 can be divided into four groups: (1) atheromatous coronary artery disease; (2) non-atheromatous coronary artery disease; (2) hyper-coagulable states; (4) MI related to substance misuse. There is a considerable overlap between all the groups. This article reviews the literature and highlights the practical issues involved in the management of young adults with MI.

Egred, M; Viswanathan, G; Davis, G

2005-01-01

13

Just How Adult Is This Young Adult Book: Young Adult Books for the Junior High Readers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses young adult novels and presents a bibliography to acquaint librarians with titles and authors that are suitable for emerging young adult readers in grades five through nine. Subject categories include realistic fiction, in the news, historical fiction, short stories, legendary characters, mysteries, science fiction/fantasy/horror, and…

Decker, Charlotte

1999-01-01

14

Personality Profiles of Physically Impaired Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Different forms of chronic observable disability may have differing impacts on adult personality adjustment. Young adults with cleft lip/palate display fewer personality adjustment problems than those with orthopedic impairment. (Author)|

Richman, Lynn C.; Harper, Dennis C.

1980-01-01

15

Reading Their World: The Young Adult Novel in the Classroom. Second Edition. Young Adult Literature Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was born of a desire to provide students, teachers, and all interested readers with a collection of essays that address issues of selection, pedagogy, and worth of the young adult novel. A primary purpose of the book is to enter the world of young adult readers through a literary form they know well, the modern young adult novel.…

Monseau, Virginia R., Ed.; Salvner, Gary M., Ed.

16

Do young children have adult syntactic competence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developmental psycholinguists assume that young children have adult syntactic competence, this assumption being operationalized in the use of adult-like grammars to describe young children's language. This “continuity assumption” has never had strong empirical support, but recently a number of new findings have emerged - both from systematic analyses of children's spontaneous speech and from controlled experiments - that contradict

Michael Tomasello

2000-01-01

17

Do young children have adult syntactic competence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many developmental psycholinguists assume that young children have adult syntactic competence, this assumption being operationalized in the use of adult-like grammars to describe young children's language. This ''continuity assumption'' has never had strong empirical support, but recently a number of new findings have emerged - both from systematic analyses of children's spontaneous speech and from controlled experiments - that contradict

18

Multicultural Literature for Children and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the selection of multicultural literature for children and young adults, educators and researchers focus on two main controversial issues--authority and authenticity--that the authors portray in their writing. What type of author can accurately portray realistic pictures of minority cultures in multicultural literature for young adults? Must…

Bista, Krishna

2012-01-01

19

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use.Objectives: The purpose of this study was to

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

20

Art Messaging to Engage Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Art has been shown to be an empowering and engaging entity with numerous benefits to vulnerable populations, including the homeless persons and young adults. However, little is known how homeless young adults perceive the use of art as messages that can communicate the danger of initiating or continuing drug and alcohol use. Objectives: The purpose of this study was

Manuel Cuchilla; Farinaz Kahilifard; Alexandra Slagle; Julie Orser; Glenna Avila; Alexandra Thomas; Adeline Nyamathi; Angela Hudson

2011-01-01

21

Long term changes in the ecosystem in the northern South China Sea during 1976-2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physical and chemical oceanographic data were obtained by seasonal monitoring along a transect (Transect N) in the northern South China Sea (nSCS) during 1976-2004. Fluctuations of DIN (dissolved inorganic nitrogen), seawater temperature (SST and Tav - average temperature of the water column), N:P ratio and salinity (Sav and S200 - salinity at the 200 m layer) exhibited an increasing trend, while those of T200, DO, P, Si, Si:N and SSS exhibited a decreasing trend. The annual rates of change in DIN, DO, T and S revealed pronounced changes, and the climate trend coefficients, which was defined as the correlation coefficient between the time series of an environmental parameter and the nature number (namely 1,2,3,......n), were 0.38 to 0.89 and significant (p?0.01 to 0.05). Our results also showed that the ecosystem has obviously been influenced by the positive trends of both SST and DIN, and negative trends of both DO and P. For example, before 1997, DIN concentrations in the upper layer were very low and N:P ratios were less than half of the Redfield ratio of 16, indicating potential N limitation. However after 1997, all Si:P ratios were >22 and the Nav:Pav was close to the Redfield ratio, indicating potential P limitation, and therefore N limitation has been reduced after 1997. Ecological investigation shows that there have been some obvious responses of the ecosystems to the long-term environmental changes in the nSCS. Chlorophyll-a concentration, primary production, phytoplankton abundance, benthic biomass, cephalopod catch and demersal trawl catch have increased. But phosphorus depletion in upper layer may be related to the shift in the dominant species from diatoms to dinoflagellates and cyanophytes. The ecosystem response was induced by not only anthropogenic activities, but also global climate change, e.g. ENSO. The effects of climate change on the nSCS were mainly through changes in the monsoon winds, and physical-biological oceanography coupling processes. In this study physical-chemical parameters were systemic maintained, but the contemporaneous biological data were collected from various sources. Regional response to global climate change is clearly a complicated issue, which is far from well understood. This study was made an attempt to tackle this important issue. For the aim these data were valuable.

Ning, X.; Lin, C.; Hao, Q.; Liu, C.; Le, F.; Shi, J.

2009-10-01

22

Long term changes in the ecosystem in the northern South China Sea during 1976 2004  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Physical and chemical oceanographic data were obtained by seasonal monitoring along Transect N in the northern South China Sea (nSCS) during 1976 2004. Fluctuations of DIN (dissolved inorganic nitrogen), seawater temperature (SST and Tav average temperature of the water column), N:P ratio and salinity (Sav and S200 salinity at the 200 m layer) exhibited an increasing trend, while those of T200, DO, P, Si, Si:N and SSS exhibited a decreasing trend. The annual rates of change in DIN, DO, T and S revealed pronounced changes, and the climate trend coefficients Rxt, which was defined as the correlation coefficient between the time series of an environmental parameter and the nature number, were 0.38 to 0.89 and significant (p?0.01 to 0.05). Our results also showed that the ecosystem has obviously been influenced by the positive trends of both SST and DIN, and negative trends of both DO and P, e.g. before 1997, DIN concentrations in the upper layer were very low and N:P ratios were less than half of the Redfield ratio of 16, indicating potential N limitation. However, after 1997, all Si:P ratios were >22 and the Nav:Pav was close to the Redfield ratio, indicating potential P limitation, and therefore N limitation has been reduced after 1997. Ecological investigation shows that there have been some improved responses of the ecosystems to the long-term environmental changes in the nSCS, and chlorophyll-a concentration, primary production, phytoplankton abundance, benthic biomass, cephalopod catch and demersal trawl catch have increased. But phosphorus depletion in upper layer may be related to the shift in the dominant species from diatoms to dinoflagellates and cyanophytes. The ecosystem response was induced by not only anthropogenic activities, but also global climate change, e.g. pronounced responses to ENSO. The effects of climate change on the nSCS were mainly through changes in the monsoon winds, and physical-biological oceanography coupling processes.

Ning, X.; Lin, C.; Hao, Q.; Liu, C.; Le, F.; Shi, J.

2008-09-01

23

Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Cancers Quiz  

MedlinePLUS

... its first issue in March 2011. The journal was created by the Society for Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology. You can learn more about cancer literature in PubMed , a database maintained by the National ...

24

Readings on Young Adult Materials and Services.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 108 articles and books cited in this annotated bibliography are listed under seven major topic headings: (1) training and personality of the young adult librarian, (2) adolescent psychology and sexuality, (3) sex roles, (4) literature and reading, (5)...

J. Atkinson G. T. Graves

1978-01-01

25

Effective Smallpox Immunization of Young Adults.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study defines the adverse reactions associated with primary immunization of young adults, their frequency and resulting morbidity, develops effective immunizing techniques associated with minimal morbidity, and develops diagnostic techniques permittin...

A. S. Benenson I. A. Phillips

1976-01-01

26

Lifestyle of Young Australian Adults With Asthma.  

PubMed

Asthma is a highly prevalent disease that may affect the lifestyle adopted by young adults. This study investigated whether asthma status influences fruit and vegetable consumption, physical activity level, tobacco smoking, and alcohol drinking behavior of young adults in Australia. Information of 2619 participants aged 18 to 29 years was extracted from the 2007-2008 Australian National Health Survey database. The level of physical activity and fruit consumption were found to be similar between young adults with and without asthma. Participants with asthma symptoms in the past 12 months were more likely to achieve the dietary recommendation for vegetable intake, but they tended to smoke tobacco and consume alcohol above safe levels. It may be necessary to develop prevention strategies targeting young adults with asthma that include screening for harmful use of substances. PMID:22426565

Liang, Wenbin; Chikritzhs, Tanya; Lee, Andy H

2012-03-16

27

Communicating with young adults with cystic fibrosis.  

PubMed

The care of the young adult with cystic fibrosis is complex, requiring a multidisciplinary input from different carers. Communication with and education of patients covers many areas; topics may include medical and personal problems, transplantation, survival, current scientific breakthroughs and the future. Communicating in these areas with knowledgeable young adults requires skill, tact and self-education upon the part of the cystic fibrosis team. PMID:7567727

Webb, A K

1995-07-01

28

Minimally invasive aesthetic procedures in young adults  

PubMed Central

Age is a significant factor in modifying specific needs when it comes to medical aesthetic procedures. In this review we will focus on young adults in their third decade of life and review minimally invasive aesthetic procedures other than cosmetics and cosmeceuticals. Correction of asymmetries, correction after body modifying procedures, and facial sculpturing are important issues for young adults. The implication of aesthetic medicine as part of preventive medicine is a major ethical challenge that differentiates aesthetic medicine from fashion.

Wollina, Uwe; Goldman, Alberto

2011-01-01

29

Meeting the needs of young adults.  

PubMed

As they mature and become sexually active, more young people face serious health risks. Most face these risks with too little factual information, too little guidance about sexual responsibility, and too little access to health care. Meeting young adults' diverse needs challenges parents, communities, health care providers, and educators. Despite urgent needs, program efforts have been slight and slowed by controversy. PMID:8654883

McCauley, A P; Salter, C; Kiragu, K; Senderowitz, J

1995-10-01

30

Health care of physically handicapped young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the health needs of physically handicapped young adults after they become too old for the paediatric service. To assess these needs 104 young people with physical handicaps were given a medical examination and interviewed. They had diverse physical handicaps, many of which were rare (41 subjects); 45 had cerebral palsy and 18 spina bifida. Mental handicap

Martin C O Bax; Diane P L Smyth; Andrew P Thomas

1988-01-01

31

Environmental sustainability: Understanding young adults' learning, thinking, and actions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores the ways in which young-adults' environmental learning and experiences influence their decision to live sustainably. In particular, this thesis focuses on young adults' environmental and sustainability learning. It elaborates on young peoples' views about environmental and sustainability issues, such as climate change, the sources for their learning about these issues, and how young adults' learning encounters, in

Anthony O. Kola-Olusanya

2008-01-01

32

Nutrition support programs for young adult athletes.  

PubMed

After graduating from college and entering the work force, young adult athletes often struggle with the task of fueling themselves optimally for top performance and weight control. The stresses and time constraints of work, family, and social responsibilities often result in eating fast foods on the run. These young adults can benefit from nutrition education programs in the worksite, at health clubs, in the community, and via the media. Dietitians who specialize in sport nutrition have particular appeal to these athletes, who are struggling to each well, exercise well, and stay lean yet put little time or effort into their food program. This article includes two case studies of young adults and the dietary recommendations that taught them how to make wise food choices, fuel themselves well for high energy, and control their weight. PMID:9841961

Clark, N

1998-12-01

33

Young adults remain worse off than adolescents.  

PubMed

On a broad range of indicators pertaining to risk taking and access to care, young adults fare worse than younger adolescents or older adults. Vulnerable groups, such as those facing chronic illness and those with unstable living arrangements, fare especially poorly as they transition to adulthood. Fortunately, a confluence of factors, particularly the changing nature of the transition to adulthood in modern society, has led to renewed interest in this critical period of the life cycle. Health science research is increasingly focused on issues faced by young adults, and public health policies designed specifically to address the health and well-being of young adults-notably the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in the United States-are now being implemented. Successful efforts at improving the health and well-being of adolescents should be mirrored in efforts to support young adults. A new report based on a broad range of United States national datasets lays out the challenges that must be addressed in these efforts. PMID:24138763

Neinstein, Lawrence S; Irwin, Charles E

2013-11-01

34

Informal mentoring and young adult employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the role of informal mentoring (i.e., developing an important relationship with a non-parental adult) in the transition to full time employment among young adults (age 23–28). Multivariate analysis of the Add Health data reveals that mentoring is positively related to the likelihood of full time employment, and the relationship involves both selection and causation processes. Entrance into

Steve McDonald; Lance D. Erickson; Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson; Glen H. Elder

2007-01-01

35

Caffeine Pharmacokinetics in Young and Adult Dogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pharmacokinetics of caffeine were studied in young (age: 1 day, 7 days, 14 days, 30–45 days) and adult dogs following a single intravenous dose of 50 mg\\/kg. Mean ( ± SE) plasma elimination half life (T½ was 47.5 ( ± 5.35) h in 1-day-old puppies, as opposed to 6.66 ( ± 0.85) h in adult dogs. A rapid decrease

Ditsa Warszawski; Rafael Gorodischer; Shimon W. Moses; Hylton Bark

1977-01-01

36

Marriage and Mental Health among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marriage is widely thought to confer mental health benefits, but little is known about how this apparent benefit may vary across the life course. Early marriage, which is nonnormative, could have no, or even negative, mental health consequences for young adults. Using survey data from waves 1 and 3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 11,695),

Jeremy E. Uecker

2012-01-01

37

Young Adult Literature and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the body of high quality young adult literature (YAL) continues to grow, what role might these texts play in professional development for educators? This article describes ways in which schools can develop book study programs that use this literature to promote meaningful dialogue and understanding of contemporary adolescent issues. Based on…

Bach, Jacqueline; Choate, Laura Hensley; Parker, Bruce

2011-01-01

38

Reading our Bodies in Young Adult Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

What does teenage fiction suggest to us about being a body in time and space? Six popular young adult novels are used to approach this question in this paper. If in the act of reading, the language and text leak into our lives and become an organic part of our relationships, then what happens to us when we read different

Jackie Seidel

39

Young Adult Literature and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the body of high quality young adult literature (YAL) continues to grow, what role might these texts play in professional development for educators? This article describes ways in which schools can develop book study programs that use this literature to promote meaningful dialogue and understanding of contemporary adolescent issues. Based on…

Bach, Jacqueline; Choate, Laura Hensley; Parker, Bruce

2011-01-01

40

Young Adult Literature: From Romance to Realism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's young adult (YA) literature is every bit as complex as the audience it's written for, unflinchingly addressing such topics as homosexuality, mental illness, AIDS and drug abuse. In this much expanded revision of his 1996 book, veteran author Michael Cart shows how the best of contemporary YA lit has evolved to tackle such daunting subjects…

Cart, Michael

2010-01-01

41

Young Adult Literature 2.0  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Web 2.0 tools enable today's writers to connect with their audience in unprecedented ways. The advent of social networking and other Web 2.0 tools have changed the rules for how authors and book publishers market and communicate with their audience. Through tools like blogs, Twitter, MySpace, and Facebook, Young Adult (YA) lit authors can choose…

Hamilton, Buffy

2009-01-01

42

Physical Education Waivers and Young Adult Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physical education versus those who completed courses in states requiring physical education teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three…

Mears, Derrick

2010-01-01

43

Sexual Experiences in Childhood: Young Adults' Recollections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Childhood sexuality and children's sexual experiences have become increasingly important to study because our knowledge on the impact of sexually abusive experiences on children's developing sexuality has increased. The main aim of this paper was to study aspects of young adults' recollections of their sexual experiences before the age of 13, solitary and shared, mutual as well as coercive. Anonymous

IngBeth Larsson; Carl-Göran Svedin

2002-01-01

44

Classic Readers Theatre for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents 16 original scripts that have been adapted from classic works of literature for use for readers theatre with young adults and ESL (English as a Second Language) students. Adaptations of the following works are included: "Little Women" (Louisa May Alcott); episodes from "Don Quixote" (Miguel de Cervantes; "The Necklace" (Guy de…

Barchers, Suzanne I.; Kroll, Jennifer L.

45

Alcohol Use Among Adolescents and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

National surveys of adolescents, college students, and other young adults in the United States reveal high rates of alcohol use among these age groups as well as high rates of dangerous drinking practices such as binge drinking and daily drinking. Additional health-compromising behaviors such as tobacco use and drinking and driving often co-occur with alcohol use in these populations. The

Michael Windle

2003-01-01

46

Young Adult Literature: From Romance to Realism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today's young adult (YA) literature is every bit as complex as the audience it's written for, unflinchingly addressing such topics as homosexuality, mental illness, AIDS and drug abuse. In this much expanded revision of his 1996 book, veteran author Michael Cart shows how the best of contemporary YA lit has evolved to tackle such daunting…

Cart, Michael

2010-01-01

47

Young Adult Literature and Alternative Assessment Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The principal purpose of assessment, regardless of teaching level, should be to guide instruction. Unlike evaluation, the goal of assessment is not to arrive at a grade for students. Rather, it is to inform the educator as to what needs to be addressed in the classroom. Assessment in a young adult literature (YAL) curriculum is no different. Its…

Comer, Melissa

2011-01-01

48

Physical Education Waivers and Young Adult Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was to evaluate the relationship between physical activity of young adults who were granted waivers from high school physical education versus those who completed courses in states requiring physical education teacher certification, with curriculum standards and credit requirements for graduation. University students from three…

Mears, Derrick

2010-01-01

49

[Mycoplasma pneumoniae meningoencephalitis in a young adult].  

PubMed

Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections have extrapulmonary complications that involve the nervous system. The neurologic manifestations are diverse. Although the prognosis is usually favorable, the patients can undergo severe permanent sequelae. We present a young female adult with acute meningoencephalitis as a complication of a lower respiratory infection, which followed a benign course without neurologic sequelae. PMID:16193713

Del Castillo, Marcelo; D'Giano, Carlos; Goicoechea, María Teresa; Morello, Fernando; Salsamendi, Paz; Mora, Andrea

2005-01-01

50

The Health Status of Young Adults in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The health issues of young adulthood have received relatively little attention compared with those of adolescence, although the critical issues in young adulthood parallel those of adolescence. Young adults often fare worse than adolescents on health indicators, with many measures of negative outcomes—including rates of injury, homicide, and substance use—peaking during the young adult years. The contextual factors shaping health

M. Jane Park; Tina Paul Mulye; Sally H. Adams; Claire D. Brindis; Charles E. Irwin

2006-01-01

51

Value Preferences Predicting Narcissistic Personality Traits in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed at showing how the value preferences of young adults could predict the narcissistic characteristics of young adults according to structural equation modeling. 133 female (59.6%) and 90 male (40.4%), total 223 young adults participated the study (average age: 25.66, ranging from 20 to 38). Ratio group sampling method was used while…

Gungor, Ibrahim Halil; Eksi, Halil; Aricak, Osman Tolga

2012-01-01

52

Financial Literacy of Young Adults: The Importance of Parental Socialization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article tests a conceptual model of perceived parental influence on the financial literacy of young adults. Structural equation modeling was used to test whether (a) parents were perceived to influence young adults' financial knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors and (b) the degree to which young adults' financial attitudes mediated financial…

Jorgensen, Bryce L.; Savla, Jyoti

2010-01-01

53

2009 YALSA Fabulous Films & Amazing Audiobooks for Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA), a division of the American Library Association (ALA), announced its 2009 annual lists of Fabulous Films for Young Adults and Amazing Audiobooks for Young Adults ages 12 to 18. This article presents the titles that were released in January 2009 during the ALA Midwinter Meeting in Denver,…

School Library Journal, 2009

2009-01-01

54

2010 YALSA Fabulous Films and Amazing Audiobooks for Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA), a division of the American Library Association (ALA), announced its 2010 annual lists of Fabulous Films for Young Adults and Amazing Audiobooks for Young Adults ages 12 to 18. This article presents the list of titles that were released in January 2010 during the ALA Midwinter Meeting in…

School Library Journal, 2010

2010-01-01

55

Brief Report: Young Adult Women Resolving Interpersonal Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the social cognitive development of young adults. Furthermore, existing studies of young adults tend to rely on college-age participants. A study of social cognition during interpersonal conflict was conducted with 100 young adult women (mean age = 25 years). The relationship of contextual variables to conflict-resolution strategy was examined. Strategy coding was done according to Selman's

Patricia Flynn Weitzman

2001-01-01

56

Advertisements: interpreting images used to sell to young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify images used in advertising directed toward young adults, investigate what young adults thought of these images, and explore how young adults used these images. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A content analysis of 674 apparel and cosmetic advertisements located in four fashion magazines (Elle Girl, Seventeen, YM, and TeenVogue) resulted in eight categories.

Alyssa Dana Adomaitis; Kim P. Johnson

2008-01-01

57

Access to dental care by young South Australian adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite reported concern over the dental care of young adults little research has been done on their use of dental services in Australia. The aim of this study was to investigate the patterns of dental utilization of young South Australian adults aged 20-24 years. Methods: A random sample of 2300 young adults was selected from the electoral roll. Partial

KF Roberts-Thomson; JF Stewart

2003-01-01

58

Young Adults Deserve the Best: YALSA's Competencies in Action  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As high school enrollment continues to rise, the need for effective librarianship serving young adults is greater than ever before. "Young Adults Deserve the Best: Competencies for Librarians Serving Youth," developed by Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA), is a document outlining areas of focus for providing quality library service…

Flowers, Sarah

2010-01-01

59

Young Adult Smokers: Are They Different?  

Microsoft Academic Search

increased more than those of their non-college peers, but the less well- educated young adults still have the highest rates in this age group. The Prevention Priorities Project has demonstrated that smoking-cessation assistance is one of the most important and cost-effective clinical preven- tive services.4 However, efforts to reduce smoking overall will be unsuc- cessful unless a way can be

Leif I. Solberg; Raymond G. Boyle; Maribet McCarty; Stephen E. Asche; Merry Jo Thoele

60

Methamphetamine use and violence among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research analyzed the relationship between methamphetamine use and violence among young adults eighteen to twenty-five years old. Interviews were conducted with a sample of 106 respondents. The research was based primarily on in-depth, life-history interviews with individuals who used methamphetamine for a minimum of three months and who resided in Los Angeles County.Of the 106 respondents, 37 (34.9

Arielle Baskin-Sommers; Ira Sommers

2006-01-01

61

Generativity Among Young, Midlife, and Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generativity is conceived as a configuration of psychosocial features constellated around the goal of providing for the next generation. This study used a stratified random sampling of young (ages 22–27), midlife (ages 37–42), and older (ages 67–72) adults to examine age–cohort differences in 4 generativity features: generative concern, commitments, actions, and narration. Although prevailing views on generativity (e.g., Erikson, 1963)

Dan P. McAdams; Ed de St. Aubin; Regina L. Logan

1993-01-01

62

Water turnover in children and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water homeostasis is essential for life and optimal function and considerable interest surrounds the issue of recommendations\\u000a for water consumption in healthy individuals. Objective data on water turnover in free-living individuals are limited, however.\\u000a The aim of the present work was to measure water turnover in children and young adults using isotopically labeled water to\\u000a provide objective data on magnitude

Elaine C. Rush; Purvi Chhichhia; Andrew E. Kilding; Lindsay D. Plank

2010-01-01

63

Young Adult Outcome of Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

To learn about the lives of young adults with ASD, families with children born 1974–1984, diagnosed as preschoolers and followed\\u000a into adolescence were contacted by mail. Of 76 eligible, 48 (63%) participated in a telephone interview. Global outcome scores\\u000a were assigned based on work, friendships and independence. At mean age 24, half had good to fair outcome and 46% poor.

Linda C. Eaves; Helena H. Ho

2008-01-01

64

Informal Mentoring and Young Adult Employment  

PubMed Central

This study explores the role of informal mentoring (i.e., developing an important relationship with a non-parental adult) in the transition to full time employment among young adults (age 23-28). Multivariate analysis of the Add Health data reveals that mentoring is positively related to the likelihood of full time employment, and the relationship involves both selection and causation processes. Entrance into the world of work facilitates the development of mentoring relationships, especially among youth who identify work-related mentors after adolescence. These relationships have the potential for promoting attachment to the labor force. Mentoring relationships that develop outside of work settings and during adolescence have a positive impact on the odds of full time employment. The receipt of guidance and advice from mentors, as well as access to weak-tied mentoring relationships, teacher mentors, and friend mentors all contribute to the increased odds of employment in young adulthood. However, adolescent mentoring may be less effective among young women than it is among young men.

2007-01-01

65

Informal Mentoring and Young Adult Employment.  

PubMed

This study explores the role of informal mentoring (i.e., developing an important relationship with a non-parental adult) in the transition to full time employment among young adults (age 23-28). Multivariate analysis of the Add Health data reveals that mentoring is positively related to the likelihood of full time employment, and the relationship involves both selection and causation processes. Entrance into the world of work facilitates the development of mentoring relationships, especially among youth who identify work-related mentors after adolescence. These relationships have the potential for promoting attachment to the labor force. Mentoring relationships that develop outside of work settings and during adolescence have a positive impact on the odds of full time employment. The receipt of guidance and advice from mentors, as well as access to weak-tied mentoring relationships, teacher mentors, and friend mentors all contribute to the increased odds of employment in young adulthood. However, adolescent mentoring may be less effective among young women than it is among young men. PMID:19050736

2007-12-01

66

Young Adult Intimate Partner FemicideAn Exploratory Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study identified risk factors for young adult intimate partner femicide. Secondary analysis of proxies of 23 young adult (ages 18-20 years) femicide victims identified from police or medical examiner records in 11 U.S. cities were interviewed using the Danger Assessment Scale. The femicide cases were compared with 53 abused young women (ages 18-20). Risk factors for young adult intimate

Nancy Glass; Kathryn Laughon; Cynthia Rutto; Jennifer Bevacqua; Jacquelyn C. Campbell

2008-01-01

67

Demographic Demise: The Declining Young Adult Population in New England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young adult workers provide businesses with the dynamic labor force and fresh ideas they need to innovate and grow. With their contributions to cultural, intellectual and social life, young adults also make New England a vibrant and interesting place to live. Young families support local schools and demand a strong educational system. Yet New…

Gittell, Ross

2007-01-01

68

Adolescents' and Young Adults' Expectations of Parental Responsibilities in Stepfamilies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This current study investigates adolescents' and young adults' expectations of parenting by mothers following remarriage. Based on an earlier qualitative study of parent-child relationships, it was hypothesized that young people expect parents to maintain parenting responsibilities, including warmth\\/support and discipline behaviors, towards children following remarriage. It was also hypothesized that adolescents and young adults expect parents to give them priority

Sharon Moore; Claire Cartwright

2005-01-01

69

Treatment seeking for smoking cessation among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adult smokers (18–24 year olds) do not seek treatment for smoking cessation as often as older smokers. Two commonly hypothesized reasons for this are that younger smokers are not aware of treatments or cannot afford them. The State of Vermont provides free smoking cessation treatment, and most young smokers are aware of this; thus, we tested whether young adult

John R. Hughes; Bevin Cohen; Peter W. Callas

2009-01-01

70

Defining Cigarette Smoking Status in Young Adults: A Comparison of Adolescent vs Adult Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To determine the agreement between 2 measures (adult vs adolescent) of current cigarette smoking among young adults. Methods: We examined data from 1007 young adults from the New Jersey Adult Tobacco Survey. The adult measure incorporates lifetime and present use, whereas the adolescent measure assesses past 30-day use. The kappa…

Delnevo, Cristine D.; Lewis, M. Jane; Kaufman, Ira; Abatemarco, Diane J.

2004-01-01

71

Healthy Older Adults Better Tolerate Sleep Deprivation Than Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine whether healthy aging is associated with increased sleepiness, and whether healthy older adults experience more sleepiness when acutely sleep deprived. Design A 5-day inpatient circadian rhythm-sleep study consisting of 3 baseline nights, followed by an extended 26-hour wake episode in constant conditions. Setting Intensive Physiological Monitoring Unit, General Clinical Research Center, Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Participants 37 healthy participants without medical, psychological, and sleep disorders: 26 young (7 women, 19 men; mean age 21.9 ± 3.3 years, range 18–29) and 11 “young-old” adults (3 women, 8 men; mean age 68.1 ± 3.6 years, range 65–76). Intervention An extended 26-hour wake episode in constant conditions. Measurements Electro-encephalographic-verified wakefulness, slow eye movements, sustained attention, subjective sleepiness. Results Across the first 16 hours corresponding to the usual waking day, both groups rated themselves as alert, had similar levels of vigilance, and little evidence of sleepiness. As the wake episode continued, the older subjects were less impaired, showing faster reaction times, fewer performance lapses and attentional failures, and less frequent unintentional sleep episodes. Conclusion This small study suggests that excessive sleepiness is not normal in healthy “young-old” adults. Symptoms of excessive sleepiness in this population, including reliance on caffeine to maintain alertness, should be evaluated and treated. Further study is needed to determine whether increased daytime sleepiness in middle-old (75–84 years) and old-old (85+) adults is normal, or is instead associated with sleep restriction, undiagnosed sleep disorders, medication side effects, mood disorders, and/or other medical disorders that disrupt sleep.

Duffy, Jeanne F.; Willson, Hannah J.; Wang, Wei; Czeisler, Charles A.

2011-01-01

72

Preventing Weight Gain in Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Context Weight gain in young adults is an important public health problem and few interventions have been successful. Background This pilot study evaluated the preliminary efficacy of two self-regulation approaches to weight-gain prevention: Small Changes (changes in energy balance of roughly 200 kcal/day) and Large Changes (initial weight loss of 5–10 lbs to buffer against future weight gains). Intervention Participants were enrolled in 8-week programs teaching Small or Large Changes (SC; LC). Both approaches were presented in a self-regulation framework, emphasizing daily self-weighing. Design Randomized controlled pilot study. Setting/participants Young adults (N=52) aged 18–35 years (25.6±4.7 years, BMI of 26.7±2.4 kg/m2) were recruited in Providence RI and Chapel Hill NC. Main outcome measures Adherence to intervention, weight change, and satisfaction/confidence in approach assessed at 0, 8, and 16 weeks. Data were collected in 2008 and analyzed in 2008–2009. Results Participants attended 84% of sessions, and 86.5% and 84.5% of participants completed post-treatment and follow-up assessments, respectively. Participants adhered to their prescriptions. Daily weighing increased markedly in both groups, whereas the eating and exercise changes observed in the SC and LC reflected the specific approach taught. Weight changes were significantly different between groups at 8 weeks (SC= ?0.68±1.5 kg, LC= ?3.2±2.5 kg, p<0.001) and 16 weeks (SC = ?1.5±1.8 kg, LC= ?3.5±3.1 kg, p=0.006). Participants in both groups reported high levels of satisfaction and confidence in the efficacy of the approach they were taught. Conclusions Both Small and Large Change approaches hold promise for weight-gain prevention in young adults; a fully powered trial comparing the long-term efficacy of these approaches is warranted.

LaRose, Jessica Gokee; Tate, Deborah F.; Gorin, Amy A.; Wing, Rena R.

2011-01-01

73

Young Adults and Parental Divorce: Exploring Important Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the potential impact ofparental divorce on the lives of young adult offspring is discussed. Parental divorce may upset both social and psychological aspects of the transition to adulthood process. The family roles young adults are expected to assume could be altered by the break-up, as could opportunities for particularyoung adult pursuits, such as advanced education. Heightened adjustment

Teresa M. Cooney

1988-01-01

74

Secondary Level Re-Entry of Young Canadian Adult Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper illuminates and details some of the traits, pressures and semi-autonomy of the young adult between the ages of 18 and 24 who must confront the barriers and challenges upon returning to secondary school within the high school and the adult education centre context. Focusing on these young adults is fundamentally important to begin to…

MacGregor, Cassandra; Ryan, Thomas G.

2011-01-01

75

Efficacy of Smoking-Cessation Interventions for Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Context Approximately 22% of U.S. young adults (aged 18–24 years) are smokers.1 Young adults typically display an interest in quitting,1,2 but it is unknown whether the evidence-based cessation programs designed for adults will be equally effective for young adults. Purpose This meta-analysis investigated the efficacy of smoking-cessation programs for this population. Evidence acquisition In 2009–2011, studies published between 2004 and 2008 that investigated smoking cessation were first found through the DHHS Clinical Practice Guidelines for Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence3 as well as a PubMed search (2009–2010) and were then subjected to a rigorous inclusion process. Authors were contacted to glean young adult raw data. Fourteen studies provided data that were coded for descriptive information and aggregated using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis Version 2.04. Evidence synthesis Among young adults, any type of intervention was more effective in producing successful smoking cessation than the control. This was the case for intent-to-treat analyses as well as complete cases. When interventions were effective for the larger adult sample, they were also effective for the younger adult sample. Conclusions While young adults tend to underutilize evidence-based cessation treatments, the current meta-analysis showed that these treatments should be as effective for young adults as they are for the general adult population. Thus, it may be useful to focus on motivating young adults to seek cessation treatment to increase utilization.

Suls, Jerry M.; Luger, Tana M.; Curry, Susan J.; Mermelstein, Robin J.; Sporer, Amy K.; An, Larry C.

2013-01-01

76

Risky Driving in Adolescents and Young Adults with Childhood ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To examine risky driving behaviors and negative driving outcomes in a large sample of adolescents and adults diagnosed in childhood with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) compared with demographically similar controls without ADHD. Methods 355 adolescents and young adults of the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS) (n ¼203 probands; n ¼152 controls) were administered the Young Adult Driving Questionnaire.

Amanda L. Thompson; Brooke S. G. Molina; William Pelham Jr; Elizabeth M. Gnagy

2007-01-01

77

Sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults.  

PubMed

Sexual prejudice is linked to hate crimes, mental health, risk behaviors, and stigma. Few studies have examined sexual prejudice among Latinos. We surveyed 382 college students in Puerto Rico. A structural model tested whether contact and positive experiences with homosexuals, perceived similarities with peers' attitudes toward homosexuality, and religiosity were predictive of sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican young adults. Sex differences in the structural model were explored. With the exception of peers' attitudes toward homosexuality, all study variables predict sexual prejudice. No sex differences were found. Implications for decreasing sexual prejudice among Puerto Rican youth in a college setting are discussed. PMID:18689195

Bauermeister, José A; Morales, Mercedes; Seda, Gretchen; González-Rivera, Milagritos

2007-01-01

78

Merchandising Library Materials to Young Adults. Libraries Unlimited Professional Guides for Young Adult Librarians Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By addressing the concept of merchandising, this handbook shows librarians how to turn their young adult collection into one that will attract teenagers. Delivering an introduction to marketing and merchandising concepts, the author shares years of experience as a teen services librarian, combined with the latest studies and research findings on…

Nichols, Mary Anne

79

Merchandising Library Materials to Young Adults. Libraries Unlimited Professional Guides for Young Adult Librarians Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By addressing the concept of merchandising, this handbook shows librarians how to turn their young adult collection into one that will attract teenagers. Delivering an introduction to marketing and merchandising concepts, the author shares years of experience as a teen services librarian, combined with the latest studies and research findings on…

Nichols, Mary Anne

80

The Many Faces of Life Satisfaction among Finnish Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to measure the levels of general life satisfaction among Finnish young adults, and to clarify the\\u000a way in which life satisfaction is constructed. In order to explore these aims, the following research questions were specified:\\u000a (1) What is the level of general life satisfaction among young Finnish adults?, (2) Which factors in young adults

Liisa Martikainen

2009-01-01

81

Borderline personality traits in nonclinical young adults.  

PubMed

The main purpose of this study was to explore the dimensionality of the borderline personality disorder in nonclinical young adults by means of the Borderline Personality Questionnaire (BPQ; Poreh et al., 2006). We also studied the phenotypic expression of the borderline personality traits as a function of participants' gender and age, and the relationship between BPQ subscales and measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety, stress, hallucinatory predisposition, and paranoid ideation. The sample comprised 809 young adults, 562 (69.5%) were women, with a mean age of 20.2 years (SD = 2.9). The results indicate that the BPQ self-report has adequate psychometric properties. The levels of internal consistency for the BPQ subscales ranged between .78 and .93. Analysis of the internal structure of the BPQ subscales yielded a one-dimensional solution. In contrast, second-order principal components analysis at the item level yielded a five-dimensional solution. Likewise, statistically significant differences in the mean scores of the borderline personality traits as a function of participants' gender and age were found. The BPQ subscales correlated significantly with measures of depression, anxiety, stress, paranoid ideation, and hallucinatory predisposition. These results help to improve our understanding of the dimensional structure of the borderline personality in the general population. Future research should continue to identify participants who are at risk for the development of borderline personality disorder and facilitating the development of early detection and prevention programs. PMID:21838568

Fonseca-Pedrero, Eduardo; Paino, Mercedes; Lemos-Giráldez, Serafín; Sierra-Baigrie, Susana; González, Maria Paz García-Portilla; Bobes, Julio; Mu?iz, José

2011-08-01

82

Young adult smoking cessation: predictors of quit attempts and abstinence.  

PubMed

We examined young adult smoking cessation behaviors, coding cessation behavior as no attempt, quit attempt (< 30 days), or abstinence (? 30 days) during follow-up from July 2005 through December 2008, observed in 592 young adult smokers from the Ontario Tobacco Survey. One in 4 young adults made an attempt; 14% obtained 30-day abstinence. Cessation resources, prior attempts, and intention predicted quit attempts, whereas high self-efficacy, using resources, having support, and low addiction predicted abstinence, indicating that young adult smokers require effective and appropriate cessation resources. PMID:23327264

Diemert, Lori M; Bondy, Susan J; Brown, K Stephen; Manske, Steve

2013-01-17

83

Differences among Adolescent, Young Adult, and Adult Callers of Suicide Help Lines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examined data on 165 adolescents, 65 young adults, and 175 adults who called 2 suicide help lines. Adults and young adults reported depression as primary reason for contemplating suicide; adolescents reported interpersonal problems. Although callers reported suicide ideation, very small percentage fell into high-risk categories with regard to…

de Anda, Diane; Smith, Melanie A.

1993-01-01

84

The Growing Problem of Stroke among Young Adults.  

PubMed

Although overall stroke incidence has been declining in developed countries, there is evidence that stroke in the young is increasing. Increasing incidence may be particularly pronounced among minorities in whom historically a higher burden of stroke has been reported. Compared with older adults, time spent with disability is longer for those affected at younger ages, and new data suggests that among 30-day young adult stroke survivors, increased mortality persists for as long as 20 years. Stroke in young adults is often missed by less experienced clinicians due to its unexpectedness, leading to lost opportunities for intervention. The causes and risk factors for stroke in the young are often rare or undetermined, but young adults with stroke also have a high burden of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and substance abuse. Disseminating awareness and promoting research on young adult stroke are steps towards reducing the burden of stroke. PMID:24105640

Sultan, Sally; Elkind, Mitchell S V

2013-12-01

85

HEALTH INDICATORS AMONG UNEMPLOYED AND EMPLOYED YOUNG ADULTS  

PubMed Central

Research on the prevalence of health indicators by employment status among young US adults is limited. We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18 to 24 years to document the prevalence of five health behaviors (cigarette smoking, risky drinking, leisure-time physical activity, and fruit and French fries consumption) by employment status. Unemployed young adults reported higher levels of risky drinking and nonengagement in leisure-time physical activity, while employed young adults had higher levels of smoking, French fries consumption, and low fruit/vegetable consumption. Transportation/material-moving young adult workers reported the highest level of risky drinking (13.5%), and precision production/craft/repair workers reported the highest smoking rates (39.7%). We found an elevated prevalence of risk factors, which places young workers at increased risk for the development of chronic conditions later in life.

Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.; Lee, David J.; Goodman, Elizabeth; Davila, Evelyn P.; Fleming, Lora E.; LeBlanc, William G.; Arheart, Kristopher L.; McCollister, Kathryn E.; Christ, Sharon L.; Zimmerman, Frederick J.; Muntaner, Carles; Hollenbeck, Julie A

2011-01-01

86

Adult-Young Ratio, a Major Factor Regulating Social Behaviour of Young: A Horse Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundAdults play an important role in regulating the social behaviour of young individuals. However, a few pioneer studies suggest that, more than the mere presence of adults, their proportions in social groups affect the social development of young. Here, we hypothesized that aggression rates and social cohesion were correlated to adult-young ratios. Our biological model was naturally-formed groups of Przewalski

Marie Bourjade; Alice de Boyer Des Roches; Martine Hausberger; Martin Giurfa

2009-01-01

87

Weight status misperception among Mexican young adults.  

PubMed

Individuals who misperceive their body size are at risk for eating disorders, unhealthy weight control practices, and obesity-related diseases. This study assessed the prevalence and demographic, behavioral, and psychosocial correlates of agreement between perceived (self-reported) and actual (measured) body mass index categories in a sample of Mexican college applicants aged 18-20 years (N=3622; 52% female). Under two thirds (63.1%) accurately reported their weight status categories. Reporting accuracy was lower among overweight and obese participants. In multivariate analyses, overestimating was associated with female gender, younger age, lower level of parent education, and more hours of daily TV viewing; underestimating was associated with male gender and older age. In within-gender analyses, overestimating was associated with hours of TV among men and underestimating was positively associated with depressive symptoms among women. This study adds to a growing international literature on body weight status misperception among adolescents and young adults. PMID:22104126

Andrade, Flavia Cristina Drumond; Raffaelli, Marcela; Teran-Garcia, Margarita; Jerman, Jilber A; Garcia, Celia Aradillas

2011-11-21

88

Using Young Adult Literature with Adolescent Learners of English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses (1) a rationale for using young adult literature with adolescent English-as-a-Second-Language learners; (2) an approach to teaching the novel "Make Lemonade" by Virginia Euwer Wolff; (3) activities in which students engaged and samples of their work; and (4) implications for teachers who explore young adult literature with adolescent…

Watts, Elizabeth L.

1999-01-01

89

Intergenerational Relationships and Affectual Solidarity between Grandparents and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines whether both parents' relationships with their offspring, parents, and parents-in-law matter for young adults' perceptions of closeness to grandparents. This study focuses on two groups of grandchildren (ages 18-23) in Wave 2 of the National Survey of Families and Households: young adults with married biological parents (N =…

Monserud, Maria A.

2008-01-01

90

Masseter muscule activity during the whole day in young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to evaluate the biting function during the entire day in young adults by measuring the masseter muscle activity with a 24-hour electromyography (EMG) system. With this system, the masseter muscle activity for 24 hours was recorded in 20 male and 10 female young adult subjects with acceptable occlusion. For the male subjects, means of the number

Keisuke Miyamoto; Kenjiro Yamada; Yasuo Ishizuka; Noriaki Morimoto; Kazuo Tanne

1996-01-01

91

The Young Adult Novels in the Classroom Series  

Microsoft Academic Search

When former Heinemann-Boynton\\/Cook editor Peter Stillman first conceived the Young Adult Literature (YAL) series in 1990 and asked me to be the series editor, I was excited to be part of such an innovative endeavor. At that time there were few professional books available for teachers who wanted to bring young adult literature into their classrooms, and Heinemann was the

VIRGINIA R. MONSEAU

92

Identifying Correlates of Young Adults' Weight Behavior: Survey Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the development and psychometric properties of survey measures relevant to eating, physical activity, and weight-related behaviors among young adults. Methods: Focus groups and reliability testing guided the development of the Project EAT-III survey. The final survey was completed by 2287 young adults. Results: The…

Larson, Nicole; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Story, Mary; van den Berg, Patricia; Hannan, Peter J.

2011-01-01

93

Identifying Correlates of Young Adults' Weight Behavior: Survey Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the development and psychometric properties of survey measures relevant to eating, physical activity, and weight-related behaviors among young adults. Methods: Focus groups and reliability testing guided the development of the Project EAT-III survey. The final survey was completed by 2287 young adults. Results: The…

Larson, Nicole; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Story, Mary; van den Berg, Patricia; Hannan, Peter J.

2011-01-01

94

Economic Socialization, Saving and Assets in European Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We analyze the role economic socialization plays in the economic behavior and asset accumulation of young adults by parents using data from European young adults and teenagers. We study the role of four distinct strands of economic socialization (providing pocket money, jobs at home, work for others, and parental encouragement) using a Dutch…

Webley, Paul; Nyhus, Ellen K.

2013-01-01

95

Dental Care among Young Adults with Intellectual Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Dental care among young adults with intellectual disability (ID) is poorly documented and largely unmet. By using population-based data from the Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Follow-Up Study, we assessed factors associated with at least one or two dental visits per year among young adults with and without ID. Significantly fewer…

Kancherla, Vijaya; Van Naarden Braun, Kim; Yeargin-Allsopp, Marshalyn

2013-01-01

96

Intergenerational Relationships and Affectual Solidarity between Grandparents and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines whether both parents' relationships with their offspring, parents, and parents-in-law matter for young adults' perceptions of closeness to grandparents. This study focuses on two groups of grandchildren (ages 18-23) in Wave 2 of the National Survey of Families and Households: young adults with married biological parents (N =…

Monserud, Maria A.

2008-01-01

97

Suicide Prevention Public Service Announcements: Perceptions of Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Determining optimal methods for preventing suicide continues to be an elusive goal. Aims: The study examines benefits and possible untoward effects of public service announcements (PSAs) for young adults. Methods: Young adult participants (N = 279) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: (a) a billboard simulation, (b) a 30-s TV ad simulation, and (c) a no-information condition.

Bonnie Klimes-Dougan; Chih-Yuan Steven Lee

2010-01-01

98

Leaving home: Food choice behavior of young German adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like other western countries, Germany too reports record numbers of overweight and obese individuals with young German adults in a particularly high-risk position. As such, this study sought to investigate if food choice varied by the place of residence (dependent or independent) of these young adults. Using a self-administered questionnaire, analyses of quantitative data from 305 German students between the

Debra Harker; Bishnu Sharma; Michael Harker; Karin Reinhard

2010-01-01

99

Young adults' food motives: an Australian social marketing perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Understanding the drivers of young adults' healthy food choices is vital to addressing the public health issue of obesity. The healthy eating motives that underlay such consumer choice behavior are particularly important to the well-being of society. This research is novel in that it aims to investigate the food motives of young Australian adults in relation to five

Tegan Piggford; Maria Raciti; Debra Harker; Michael Harker

2008-01-01

100

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank, Seeberger, & O'Reilly, 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic…

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

101

Reinforcement Learning in Young Adults with Developmental Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to examine reinforcement learning (RL) in young adults with developmental language impairment (DLI) within the context of a neurocomputational model of the basal ganglia-dopamine system (Frank, Seeberger, & O'Reilly, 2004). Two groups of young adults, one with DLI and the other without, were recruited. A probabilistic…

Lee, Joanna C.; Tomblin, J. Bruce

2012-01-01

102

The respiratory effects of cannabis dependence in young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim. To evaluate the relationship between cannabis dependence and respiratory symptoms and lung function in young adults, while controlling for the effects of tobacco smoking. Setting and participants. Nine hundred and forty-three young adults from a birth cohort of 1037 subjects born in Dunedin, New Zealand in 1972\\/1973 were studied at age 21. Measurements. Standardized respiratory symptom questionnaires were administered.

D. Robin Taylor; Richie Poulton; Terrie E. Moffitt; Padmaja Ramankutty; Malcolm R. Sears

2000-01-01

103

Correlates of Home Smoking Bans Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Multivariable regression in 1,858 young adults 18-25 years of age was carried out to identify correlates of household smoking bans. Knowledge of tobacco health effects, higher educational attainment, and no reported cigarette smoking were independently associated with smoking bans. Educational interventions to increase household smoking bans in young adults are needed.

Noella A. Dietz; David J. Lee; Kristopher L. Arheart; James D. Wilkinson; John D. Clark; Alberto J. Caban-Martinez

104

Current lifestyle of young adults treated for cancer in childhood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to look at the current lifestyle of young adult survivors of childhood cancer between the ages of 16 and 30 years to document their achievements and expose any psychosocial problems. Sixty six young adult survivors were contacted and asked if they and their siblings (16-30 years) would take part in a lifestyle study; 48

S E Evans; M Radford

1995-01-01

105

Are Two Parent Families Disproportionately Represented in Young Adult Literature?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is an evaluation of a cross-section of literature for young adults published in the United States. The books were selected from "Best Books for Young Adults" for the years 1970 to 1990 inclusive. This study shows that when compared to United States census data, there is a disproportionate number of nontraditional family settings in…

Collins, Patricia L.

106

Psychological adjustment and adaptive impairments in young adults with ADHD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study compared a group of 25 young adults with ADHD to 23 young adults drawn from the community equated for age (Mean = 25 yrs.) and educational level (Mean 13 yrs.) using a structured psychiatric interview (non-blinded), self-report ratings of psychological distress, and psychological tests of inattention, impulsive responding, working memory, verbal fluency, sense of time, and creativity.

R. A. Barkley; K. Murphy; D. Kwasnik

1996-01-01

107

Smoking behaviour among young adults: beyond youth prevention  

PubMed Central

Objective: There is a widespread assumption that smoking behaviour is largely established by the age of 18 years. As a result, smoking prevention has focused almost exclusively upon youth. However, recent trends suggest that young adulthood may be an important—and largely overlooked—period in the development of regular smoking behaviour. The current study sought to examine patterns of tobacco use among young adults (aged 18–29 years) and to address the implications for tobacco control policy. Design: Data are presented from the 2003 Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey, a national survey of smoking behaviour (n = 10 559, response rate 89%). Main outcome measures: Measures of smoking behaviour, smoking initiation, susceptibility to smoking, and occupational status. Results: A total of 1.4 million or 28% of young adults in Canada currently smoke, the highest proportion among all age groups. The prevalence of daily smoking rose from 8% among youth to 22% among young adults, and approximately one fifth of smokers tried their first cigarette after the age of 18 years. Smoking behaviour among young adults was also distinct from older smokers: young adults were more likely to be occasional smokers and reported lower daily consumption. Finally, smoking prevalence and cessation rates varied substantially within subgroups of young adults, as characterised by occupational setting. Conclusions: Dramatic increases in the proportion and intensity of smoking occurs after the age of 18 years. Smoking behaviour among young adults is distinct from both youth and older adults, and warrants immediate attention from the public health community.

Hammond, D

2005-01-01

108

Examining Work Delay in Young Adults with Schizophrenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Work delay as a dimension of work restoration in young adults with schizophrenia has not been explored with much frequency in the vocational rehabilitation literature; and it has never been explored and analyzed from the subjective experience of the person with the disorder. In this exploratory, mixed-method study of 20 first-episode young adults diagnosed with schizophrenia who returned to work,

DEBORAH GIOIA

2006-01-01

109

Social Cognitive Correlates of Young Adult Sport Competitors' Sunscreen Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young adults participating in outdoor sports represent a high-risk group for excessive sun exposure. The purpose of this study was to identify modifiable social cognitive correlates of sunscreen use among young adult competitors. Participants aged 18 to 30 years who competed in soccer (n = 65), surf-lifesaving (n = 63), hockey (n = 61), and…

Berndt, Nadine C.; O'Riordan, David L.; Winkler, Elisabeth; McDermott, Liane; Spathonis, Kym; Owen, Neville

2011-01-01

110

Young Adults of India-Online Surfers or Online Shoppers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the online behavior of young adults of India. A total of 115 Internet users from 18 to 25 years of age were surveyed from the National Capital Region of Delhi, India. Results showed that young adults of India are mainly online surfers and not online shoppers. These people have a lack of

Nirupma Gupta; Meenakshi Handa; Bharat Gupta

2008-01-01

111

Prescription drug misuse among club drug-using young adults.  

PubMed

Nonmedical prescription (Rx) drug use has recently increased, particularly among young adults. Using time-space sampling to generate a probability-based sample of club-going young adults (18-29), 400 subjects provided data on Rx drug misuse. Club-going young adults misuse Rx drugs at high rates. An overwhelming majority of the sample indicated lifetime use of pain killers, sedatives, and stimulants. A majority indicated recent pain killer use. Variations by gender and sexuality exist in this population. Young lesbian/bisexual women emerged as the group most likely to abuse Rx drugs. Research into the contexts influencing these patterns is imperative. PMID:17994483

Kelly, Brian C; Parsons, Jeffrey T

2007-01-01

112

Prescription Drug Misuse Among Club Drug-Using Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Nonmedical prescription (Rx) drug use has recently increased, particularly among young adults. Using time-space sampling to generate a probability-based sample of club-going young adults (18–29), 400 subjects provided data on Rx drug misuse. Club-going young adults misuse Rx drugs at high rates. An overwhelming majority of the sample indicated lifetime use of pain killers, sedatives, and stimulants. A majority indicated recent pain killer use. Variations by gender and sexuality exist in this population. Young lesbian/bisexual women emerged as the group most likely to abuse Rx drugs. Research into the contexts influencing these patterns is imperative.

Kelly, Brian C.; Parsons, Jeffrey T.

2009-01-01

113

Quality Books about Bullying in the Young Adult Tradition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Anti-bullying experts employ trade books in dealing with contemporary issues facing young people, including bullying. At least three conceptual strands underpin the application of young adult literature (YAL) in such enterprises: (1) reliance on tested voices appealing to young readers; (2) the potential effect of quality YAL on literacy…

Larson, Joanne; Hoover, John H.

2012-01-01

114

Parents and Their Young Adult Children: Transitions to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how parents are affected by and play a role in the lives of their young adult children. The years during which young people make the transition to adulthood has changed significantly in recent years--this transition now takes place over a longer period of time. We describe how young people experience these years; how they…

Gitelson, Idy Barasch; McDermott, Dana

2006-01-01

115

Quality Books about Bullying in the Young Adult Tradition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anti-bullying experts employ trade books in dealing with contemporary issues facing young people, including bullying. At least three conceptual strands underpin the application of young adult literature (YAL) in such enterprises: (1) reliance on tested voices appealing to young readers; (2) the potential effect of quality YAL on literacy…

Larson, Joanne; Hoover, John H.

2012-01-01

116

Parents and Their Young Adult Children: Transitions to Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers how parents are affected by and play a role in the lives of their young adult children. The years during which young people make the transition to adulthood has changed significantly in recent years--this transition now takes place over a longer period of time. We describe how young people experience these years; how they…

Gitelson, Idy Barasch; McDermott, Dana

2006-01-01

117

Factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder the role of future time expectancies was examined. A sample (n=185) of homeless young adults aged 18-23 were recruited from a community drop-in center and interviewed utilizing self-report instruments. Findings suggest that social networks, economic factors, and future expectancies are significant predictors of the level of substance use among homeless young adults. Being able to identify those areas that place homeless young adults at risk for substance abuse and dependence has implications for effective intervention.

Gomez, Rebecca; Thompson, Sanna J.; Barczyk, Amanda N.

2010-01-01

118

78 FR 58290 - TRICARE; Calendar Year 2014 TRICARE Young Adult Program Premium Update  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEFENSE Office of the Secretary TRICARE; Calendar Year 2014 TRICARE Young Adult Program...Updated TRICARE Young Adult Premiums for Calendar Year 2014...TRICARE Young Adult program premiums for Calendar Year (CY) 2014. DATES: The CY...

2013-09-23

119

Bidi cigarette use among young adults in 15 states  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. There is a paucity of research on bidi use in the US and the few studies conducted have focused solely on adolescents. This article describes patterns and explores factors associated with bidi use among young adults, aged 18–24.Methods. Data from 63,728 adults, including 5,324 young adults, aged 18–24, were derived from an optional tobacco module on the 2001 Behavioral

Cristine D Delnevo; Eric S Pevzner; Mary Hrywna; M. Jane Lewis

2004-01-01

120

Religion, identity and community relations among adults and young adults in Northern Ireland  

Microsoft Academic Search

While much has been written on national identity in Northern Ireland, the identity preferences of adults and the young have rarely been compared directly. This paper addresses this omission by examining the relationship between national identity and community relations within both the adult (aged 18 years and above) and the young adult (aged 16 years) population. This study used the

Bernadette C. Hayes; Ian McAllister

2009-01-01

121

Psychological Maturity of At-Risk Juveniles, Young Adults and Adults: Implications for the Justice System  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the justice system assumes adulthood is reached by the age of 18 and given the increase in the number of juveniles being tried within adult court, it is imperative to understand whether young people are as criminally culpable for their actions as adults and where differences may lie in the maturity of young people and their adult counterparts. Psychological

Claire Bryan-Hancock; Sharon Casey

2010-01-01

122

Social participation among young adults with an autism spectrum disorder.  

PubMed

Investigating social participation of young adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is important given the increasing number of youth aging into young adulthood. Social participation is an indicator of life quality and overall functioning. Using data from the National Longitudinal Transition Study 2, we examined rates of participation in social activities among young adults who received special education services for autism (ASD group), compared to young adults who received special education for intellectual disability, emotional/behavioral disability, or a learning disability. Young adults with an ASD were significantly more likely to never see friends, never get called by friends, never be invited to activities, and be socially isolated. Among those with an ASD, lower conversation ability, lower functional skills, and living with a parent were predictors of less social participation. PMID:23615687

Orsmond, Gael I; Shattuck, Paul T; Cooper, Benjamin P; Sterzing, Paul R; Anderson, Kristy A

2013-11-01

123

The health status of young adults in the United States.  

PubMed

The health issues of young adulthood have received relatively little attention compared with those of adolescence, although the critical issues in young adulthood parallel those of adolescence. Young adults often fare worse than adolescents on health indicators, with many measures of negative outcomes--including rates of injury, homicide, and substance use--peaking during the young adult years. The contextual factors shaping health status and access to care in young adulthood differ significantly from the context of adolescence. This article synthesizes national data to present a health profile of young adults, reviewing social indicators that describe the context of young adulthood and presenting measures of health status. We examine mortality, morbidity, risky behaviors, and health care access and utilization, identifying the most significant gender and racial/ethnic disparities. The article also identifies limitations of existing data and offers suggestions for future research and health monitoring in this area. We conclude with a discussion of current efforts to address the health and well-being of young adults and argue for creating a national health agenda for young adults that includes research, programs and policies to address health issues during this period of the lifespan. PMID:16919791

Park, M Jane; Paul Mulye, Tina; Adams, Sally H; Brindis, Claire D; Irwin, Charles E

2006-07-10

124

Patterns of Smoking Among Minnesota’s Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey was conducted between November 2002 and June 2003. Findings are based on interviews with 8,821 adults, including 1,205 young adults between 18 and 24 years of age. The purpose of this report is to draw the attention of policy makers, the medical and public health communities, and the general public to the high smoking rates

2004-01-01

125

32 CFR 199.26 - TRICARE Young Adult.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Establishment. The TRICARE Young Adult (TYA) program offers the...Program to qualified unmarried adult children of TRICARE-eligible...provides over 50 percent of the student's financial support), and...for purchase by any qualified adult child as that term is...

2013-07-01

126

Implicit and Explicit Learning in Aged and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a wealth of evidence that learning ability declines with age. In almost all of the studies however, the performance measures employed are explicit, even though research has consistently indicated that aged adults have well preserved implicit learning ability. This suggests that under certain circumstances aged adults should be at no great learning disadvantage in comparison to young adults.

Richard Midford; Kim Kirsner

2005-01-01

127

Concussion Symptoms May Not Differ in Teen, Young Adult Athletes  

MedlinePLUS

... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Concussion Symptoms May Not Differ in Teen, Young Adult ... Preidt Tuesday, September 24, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Concussion Sports Injuries Teen Health TUESDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay ...

128

Nothing by Net: Basketball Books for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 69 brief annotated bibliographies of books (published between 1978 and 1996) on the subject of basketball, available for young adults. Includes autobiography and biography, fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and reference. (SR)

Sullivan, Edward T.

1997-01-01

129

Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention due to its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults employ. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult’s drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, non-disclosure/avoidance, passive problem-solving and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms.

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

130

Trends in Lung Cancer Mortality Among Young Adults in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Trends in lung cancer mortality among young adults, which are important for projecting future trends, have not been explored previously in Japan. Methods: Using data from the National Vital Statistics between 1958 and 2003, we compiled lung cancer mortality by sex and 5-year birth cohort among young adults aged 20-49. Results: Mortality among those aged 20-29 has consistently decreased

Tomomi Marugame; Itsuro Yoshimi; Ken-ichi Kamo; Yuka Imamura; Satoshi Kaneko; Shoichi Mizuno; Tomotaka Sobue

131

The Disabled Young Adult: Ready to Leave Home?  

PubMed Central

The disabled young adult strives to be independent when preparing to leave home and family. This article provides a checklist that can help the disabled young adult and his/her family to make this transition. In some cases, a transitional rehabilitation program may also be of help. The family physician who is familiar with the issues that pertain to adolescent development can play a central part in addressing patient and family problems that present at this time.

Tervo, Raymond; O'Leary, Donal

1986-01-01

132

Intentional weight loss and smoking in young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether current smoking and lifetime snuff use are associated with a lifetime history of major (?5 kg) intentional weight loss in young adults, and to examine the dependence of this association on familial factors.DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based questionnaire survey of young adult Finnish twins participating in the fourth wave of the longitudinal FinnTwin-16-study in 2000–2002.SUBJECTS: A total of

S E Saarni; K Silventoinen; A Rissanen; S Sarlio-Lähteenkorva; J Kaprio

2004-01-01

133

Motion Sensor Reactivity in Physically Active Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine whether young adults changed their physical activity (PA) behavior when wearing motion sensors. PA patterns of 119 young adults (M age = 20.82 years, SD = 1.50, M body mass index = 23.93 kg/m[superscript 2] , SD = 4.05) were assessed during 2 consecutive weeks. In Week 1, participants wore an…

Behrens, Timothy K.; Dinger, Mary K.

2007-01-01

134

Parents and their young adult children: transitions to adulthood.  

PubMed

This paper considers how parents are affected by and play a role in the lives of their young adult children. The years during which young people make the transition to adulthood has changed significantly in recent years--this transition now takes place over a longer period of time. We describe how young people experience these years; how they affect their parents and parent-child relationships; and how this time period is experienced by vulnerable youth. PMID:17168458

Gitelson, Idy Barasch; McDermott, Dana

135

Mortality Decreases among Young Adults in Southern Central Ethiopia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Despite the anticipated high impact of HIV and AIDS among young people, AIDS related mortality is not well documented because of the lack of death registration systems in Ethiopia. The objective of this analysis was to investigate the trends in mortality among young adults (aged 10-24 years) in the era of the AIDS epidemic. Methods: We analyzed data for

Mitike Molla; Peter Byass; Yemane Berhane; Bernt Lindtjorn

136

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Adolescents and Young Adults with Autism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports the findings of a study investigating rates and types of comorbid mental disorder evident in adolescents and young adults with autism. A sample of 84 young people (M = 19.5 years, SD = 4.6) with "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association,…

Moseley, David S.; Tonge, Bruce J.; Brereton, Avril V.; Einfeld, Stewart L.

2011-01-01

137

Differences Among Aging and Young Adults in Attitudes and Cognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although much is known about aging adults in nursing homes, little is known about the attitudes and cognitive skills of those who are psychologically, physically, and financially independent. This study compared 57 aging and 51 young men and women. The young groups attended colleges or participated in college audiences. The seniors, ages 64 to 95, lived independently in separate households

Rawley Silver

1999-01-01

138

Reduced coronary flow reserve in young adults with renal transplant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Some degree of cardiovascular disease should be suspected in young adults who have been paediatric renal transplant recipients also if no systematic data collection is routinely performed in clinical setting. The aim of our work was to evaluate the degree of cardiovascular damage in these young patients, using a minimally invasive technique. We then evaluated coronary flow reserve (CFR)

Maurizio Turiel; Valentina Martina; Elisa Meregalli; Livio Tomasoni; Giuseppe De Blasio; Luigi Delfino; Alberto Edefonti; Paolo Grillo; Mirella Procaccio; Daniele Cusi; Luciana Ghio

2007-01-01

139

SeatBelt Use and Related Behaviors Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seat-belt use among young adults was examined to identify factors associated with nonuse. This research was part of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, which is a study of the health, development, and behavior of a birth cohort of young New Zealanders (n = 1037). At age 21 years, 948 (93%) members of this cohort were administered a face-to-face

Dorothy J. Begg; John D. Langley

2000-01-01

140

Growing up with Dyslexia: Interviews with Teenagers and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Interviews with 75 teenagers and young adults were performed to investigate how young people with dyslexia experienced school in terms of well-being, educational achievement, self-esteem, peer relations and belief in their future. Results from earlier studies suggest that secondary emotional problems are common. The first six grades in school…

Ingesson, S. Gunnel

2007-01-01

141

Environmental sustainability: Understanding young adults' learning, thinking, and actions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis explores the ways in which young-adults' environmental learning and experiences influence their decision to live sustainably. In particular, this thesis focuses on young adults' environmental and sustainability learning. It elaborates on young peoples' views about environmental and sustainability issues, such as climate change, the sources for their learning about these issues, and how young adults' learning encounters, in turn, affect their actions toward environmental protection and decision-making. Through a series of in-depth individual interviews with 18 young adults from three universities in southeastern Ontario, this qualitative study provides in-depth insight into young adults' understanding, learning experiences, and actions in relation to environmental and sustainability issues. Employing a Contextual Model of Learning framework the narratives of the young adults in this study are analyzed and discussed within three overlapping environmental learning contexts: personal, sociocultural, and physical settings. This framework allows for an examination of the complex interactions and relationships that shape how and where environmental learning occurs. The findings in this study suggest that the three overlapping learning contexts, that is the personal, sociocultural, and physical play an important role in shaping young adults' learning about environmental and sustainability issues. The data reveal that despite the unavailability or near-absence of environmental studies and education within the formal school curriculum (particularly at the elementary and high school levels), the young adults rely on other locations for learning, such as the internet, environmental non-governmental organisations (ENGOs), television, and family. In light of this, the research participants suggest the re-introduction of environmental programs and content in the school curriculum. Finally, the results of this study demonstrate the centrality of knowledge and experience in relation to environmental and sustainability issues in the actions and thoughts of the young adult research participants. This study makes an important contribution to the field of environmental and sustainability education by demonstrating the critical role of learning in a knowledge society. It illuminates the implications of various learning contexts for a sustainable global environment and future. Furthermore, it provides insight into the views of young adults regarding the future of the global environment and current sustainability initiatives in a world that faces ever-greater challenges.

Kola-Olusanya, Anthony O.

142

Life Course Status and Exchanges of Support between Young Adults and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigated intergenerational support exchanges in relation to young adults' life course status. In a sample of 2,022 young adults (ages 18-34 years) in The Netherlands, single young adults reported receiving more advice from parents than married young adults, and those with children of their own received more practical support.…

Bucx, Freek; van Wel, Frits; Knijn, Trudie

2012-01-01

143

Reference and Information Services for Young Adults: A Research Study of Public Libraries in New Jersey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discussion of young adult library services focuses on the results of a survey of New Jersey public libraries. Highlights include job titles; population served; job responsibilities; young adult services; young adult staff; policy of information provision; young adult research preferences; and recommendations for future research. (LRW)|

Winston, Mark; Paone, Kimberly Lione

2001-01-01

144

Life Course Status and Exchanges of Support between Young Adults and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors investigated intergenerational support exchanges in relation to young adults' life course status. In a sample of 2,022 young adults (ages 18-34 years) in The Netherlands, single young adults reported receiving more advice from parents than married young adults, and those with children of their own received more practical support.…

Bucx, Freek; van Wel, Frits; Knijn, Trudie

2012-01-01

145

Family of Origin Environment and Adolescent Bullying Predict Young Adult Loneliness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested parental loneliness, family of origin environment, and a history of being bullied as predictors of loneliness in young adults. The role of social skills in young adults’ loneliness was also examined. Participants were 111 young-adult–parent dyads who completed measures of loneliness and the family communication environment. In addition, young adults completed measures of social skills and history

Chris Segrin; Natalie Nevarez; Analisa Arroyo; Jake Harwood

2012-01-01

146

Advocacy skills training for young adult cancer survivors: the Young Adult Survivors Conference at Camp M?k-a-Dream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goals of the work  This manuscript reports on the design, implementation, and evaluation of the Young Adult Survivor Conference (YASC)—a 4-day retreat designed to provide an educational and support experience for cancer survivors diagnosed as children, adolescents, and young adults. The goals of the program were to address issues of survivorship, provide cancer education and tools for self-advocacy, and build bridges

B. J. Zebrack; K. C. Oeffinger; P. Hou; S. Kaplan

2006-01-01

147

Hypertension in the Young Adult - Come Feel the Pulse  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Hypertension occurring in teenagers and young adults is uncommon. Though the most common form is still essential hypertension, secondary causes are more commonly found here than in older adults. Renal, cardiovascular and endocrine diseases constitute most of these causes. Coarctation of the aorta is the most common cardiovascular cause of hypertension, and its importance lies in the fact that

L F Hsu; K N Sin; Fai Lam; L S Chew

148

Mature Young Adult Books Are Given a Bad Reputation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the viewpoints of a tenth grader on novels for young adults that portray troubled teens dealing with alcoholism, drugs, depression, suicide, sexual abuse, and violence. Suggests that contrary to adult opinions that these novels are not always age-appropriate, they in fact broaden teens' outlooks and prepare them for the real world. (LRW)

Rosen, Julia

1998-01-01

149

Approximate Quantification in Young, Healthy Older Adults', and Alzheimer Patients  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Forty young adults, 40 healthy older adults, and 39 probable AD patients were asked to estimate small (e.g., 25) and large (e.g., 60) collections of dots in a choice condition and in two no-choice conditions. Participants could choose between benchmark and anchoring strategies on each collection of dots in the choice condition and were required…

Gandini, Delphine; Lemaire, Patrick; Michel, Bernard Francois

2009-01-01

150

Mature Young Adult Books Are Given a Bad Reputation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the viewpoints of a tenth grader on novels for young adults that portray troubled teens dealing with alcoholism, drugs, depression, suicide, sexual abuse, and violence. Suggests that contrary to adult opinions that these novels are not always age-appropriate, they in fact broaden teens' outlooks and prepare them for the real world. (LRW)|

Rosen, Julia

1998-01-01

151

Timing of reflexive visuospatial orienting in young, young-old, and old-old adults.  

PubMed

This study examined adult age differences in reflexive orienting to two types of uninformative spatial cues: central arrows and peripheral onsets. In two experiments using a Posner cuing task, young adults (ages 18-28 years), young-old adults (60-74 years), and old-old adults (75-92 years) responded to targets that were preceded 100-1,000 ms earlier by a central arrow or a peripheral abrupt onset. In Experiment 1, the cue remained present upon target onset. Facilitation effects at short cue-target stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) were prolonged in duration for the two older groups relative to the young adults. At longer cue-target SOAs, inhibition of return (IOR) that was initiated by peripheral onset cues was observed in the performance of young adults but not in that of the two older groups. In Experiment 2, the cue was presented briefly and removed prior to target onset. The change in cue duration minimized age differences (particularly for young-old adults) in facilitation effects and led to IOR for all three age groups. The findings are consistent with the idea that attentional control settings change with age, with higher settings for older adults leading to delayed disengagement from spatial cues. PMID:21394555

Langley, Linda K; Friesen, Chris Kelland; Saville, Alyson L; Ciernia, Annie T

2011-07-01

152

Timing of Reflexive Visuospatial Orienting in Young, Young-Old, and Old-Old Adults  

PubMed Central

This study examined adult age differences in reflexive orienting to two types of uninformative spatial cues: central arrows and peripheral onsets. In two experiments using a Posner cuing task, young adults (ages 18 – 28 yrs), young-old adults (ages 60 – 74 yrs), and old-old adults (ages 75 – 92 yrs) responded to targets that were preceded 100–1,000 ms earlier by a central arrow or a peripheral abrupt onset. In Experiment 1, the cue remained present upon target onset. Facilitation effects at early cue-target stimulus onset asynchronies (SOAs) were prolonged in duration for the two older groups relative to the young adults. At later cue-target SOAs, inhibition of return (IOR) that was initiated by peripheral onset cues was observed in the performance of young adults but not in that of the two older groups. In Experiment 2, the cue was presented briefly and removed prior to target onset. The change in cue duration minimized age differences (particularly for young-old adults) in facilitation effects and led to IOR for all three age groups. The findings are consistent with the idea that attentional control settings change with age, with higher settings for older adults leading to delayed disengagement from spatial cues.

Langley, Linda K.; Friesen, Chris Kelland; Saville, Alyson L.; Ciernia, Annie T.

2012-01-01

153

Sexist Attitudes towards Reading and Writing in the Young Adult and Adult Learner Population.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study examined the masculinity/femininity attitude of students toward reading and writing. Subjects, 91 young adults and adults in high school, adult high school, and community college remedial classes in the fall and spring of the 1994-1995 school year, completed the Mazurkiewicz Masculine Feminine Attitude Survey. Results indicated no…

Winchock, J. M.

154

Evaluation of young and adult dogs' reactivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many authors have tested puppies' behavior early to detect adult behavioral disorders. Our pilot study aims to investigate puppies' reactivity toward tolerance of new situations and the consistency of behavior between puppy and adult dog. Seven tests (tunnel, direct looking, sudden noise, retrieving buster-ball, problem solving, bowl removal, and approaching) were used to evaluate the reactivity of 32 German shepherd

E. Sforzini; M. Michelazzi; E. Spada; C. Ricci; C. Carenzi; S. Milani; F. Luzi; M. Verga

2009-01-01

155

Reverse correlating trustworthy faces in young and older adults  

PubMed Central

Little is known about how older persons determine if someone deserves their trust or not based on their facial appearance, a process referred to as “facial trustworthiness.”In the past few years, Todorov and colleagues have argued that, in young adults, trustworthiness judgments are an extension of emotional judgments, and therefore, that trust judgments are made based on a continuum between anger and happiness (Todorov, 2008; Engell et al., 2010). Evidence from the literature on emotion processing suggest that older adults tend to be less efficient than younger adults in the recognition of negative facial expressions (Calder et al., 2003; Firestone et al., 2007; Ruffman et al., 2008; Chaby and Narme, 2009). Based on Todorov';s theory and the fact that older adults seem to be less efficient than younger adults in identifying emotional expressions, one could expect that older individuals would have different representations of trustworthy faces and that they would use different cues than younger adults in order to make such judgments. We verified this hypothesis using a variation of Mangini and Biederman's (2004) reverse correlation method in order to test and compare classification images resulting from trustworthiness (in the context of money investment), from happiness, and from anger judgments in two groups of participants: young adults and older healthy adults. Our results show that for elderly participants, both happy and angry representations are correlated with trustworthiness judgments. However, in young adults, trustworthiness judgments are mainly correlated with happiness representations. These results suggest that young and older adults differ in their way of judging trustworthiness.

Ethier-Majcher, Catherine; Joubert, Sven; Gosselin, Frederic

2013-01-01

156

Reverse correlating trustworthy faces in young and older adults.  

PubMed

Little is known about how older persons determine if someone deserves their trust or not based on their facial appearance, a process referred to as "facial trustworthiness."In the past few years, Todorov and colleagues have argued that, in young adults, trustworthiness judgments are an extension of emotional judgments, and therefore, that trust judgments are made based on a continuum between anger and happiness (Todorov, 2008; Engell et al., 2010). Evidence from the literature on emotion processing suggest that older adults tend to be less efficient than younger adults in the recognition of negative facial expressions (Calder et al., 2003; Firestone et al., 2007; Ruffman et al., 2008; Chaby and Narme, 2009). Based on Todorov';s theory and the fact that older adults seem to be less efficient than younger adults in identifying emotional expressions, one could expect that older individuals would have different representations of trustworthy faces and that they would use different cues than younger adults in order to make such judgments. We verified this hypothesis using a variation of Mangini and Biederman's (2004) reverse correlation method in order to test and compare classification images resulting from trustworthiness (in the context of money investment), from happiness, and from anger judgments in two groups of participants: young adults and older healthy adults. Our results show that for elderly participants, both happy and angry representations are correlated with trustworthiness judgments. However, in young adults, trustworthiness judgments are mainly correlated with happiness representations. These results suggest that young and older adults differ in their way of judging trustworthiness. PMID:24046755

Ethier-Majcher, Catherine; Joubert, Sven; Gosselin, Frédéric

2013-09-05

157

Characterizing upper limb muscle volume and strength in older adults: A comparison with young adults  

PubMed Central

Aging is associated with loss of muscle volume (MV) and force leading to difficulties with activities of daily living. However, the relationship between upper limb MV and joint strength has not been characterized for older adults. Quantifying this relationship may help our understanding of the functional upper limb declines older adults experience. Our objective was to assess the relationship between upper limb MV and maximal isometric joint moment-generating capacity (IJM) in a single cohort of healthy older adults (age?65 years) for 6 major functional groups (32 muscles). MV was determined from MRI for 18 participants (75.1±4.3 years). IJM at the shoulder (abduction/adduction), elbow (flexion/extension), and wrist (flexion/extension) was measured. MV and IJM measurements were compared to previous reports for young adults (28.6±4.5 years). On average older adults had 16.5% less total upper limb MV compared to young adults. Additionally, older adult wrist extensors composed a significantly increased percentage of upper limb MV. Older adult IJM was reduced across all joints, with significant differences for shoulder abductors (p<0.0001), adductors (p=0.01), and wrist flexors (p<0.0001). Young adults were strongest at the shoulder, which was not the case for older adults. In older adults, 40.6% of the variation in IJM was accounted for by MV changes (p?0.027), compared to 81.0% in young adults. We conclude that for older adults, MV and IJM are, on average, reduced but the significant linear relationship between MV and IJM is maintained. These results suggest that older adult MV and IJM cannot be simply scaled from young adults.

Vidt, Meghan E.; Daly, Melissa; Miller, Michael E.; Davis, Cralen C.; Marsh, Anthony P.; Saul, Katherine R.

2011-01-01

158

Characterizing upper limb muscle volume and strength in older adults: a comparison with young adults.  

PubMed

Aging is associated with the loss of muscle volume (MV) and force leading to difficulties with activities of daily living. However, the relationship between upper limb MV and joint strength has not been characterized for older adults. Quantifying this relationship may help our understanding of the functional declines of the upper limb that older adults experience. Our objective was to assess the relationship between upper limb MV and maximal isometric joint moment-generating capacity (IJM) in a single cohort of healthy older adults (age ? 65 years) for 6 major functional groups (32 muscles). MV was determined from MRI for 18 participants (75.1±4.3 years). IJM at the shoulder (abduction/adduction), elbow (flexion/extension), and wrist (flexion/extension) was measured. MV and IJM measurements were compared to previous reports for young adults (28.6±4.5 years). On average older adults had 16.5% less total upper limb MV compared to young adults. Additionally, older adult wrist extensors composed a significantly increased percentage of upper limb MV. Older adult IJM was reduced across all joints, with significant differences for shoulder abductors (p<0.0001), adductors (p=0.01), and wrist flexors (p<0.0001). Young adults were strongest at the shoulder, which was not the case for older adults. In older adults, 40.6% of the variation in IJM was accounted for by MV changes (p?0.027), compared to 81.0% in young adults. We conclude that for older adults, MV and IJM are, on average, reduced but the significant linear relationship between MV and IJM is maintained. These results suggest that older adult MV and IJM cannot be simply scaled from young adults. PMID:22047782

Vidt, Meghan E; Daly, Melissa; Miller, Michael E; Davis, Cralen C; Marsh, Anthony P; Saul, Katherine R

2011-11-01

159

Early childhood temperament predicts substance use in young adults  

PubMed Central

Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an important early childhood marker of risk for later psychiatric problems. The current 20-year prospective, longitudinal study focused on individual differences in this early temperament and adolescent brain function. As adolescents, 83 participants initially identified in infancy with the temperament of BI were assessed using functional imaging to examine striatal responses to incentives. Five years later, as young adults, these participants provided self-report of their substance use. Our findings show that children's early temperament interacts with their striatal sensitivity to incentives in adolescence to predict their level of substance use in young adulthood. Those young adults who, as children, showed the highest levels of BI reported the greatest substance use if, as adolescents, they also exhibited striatal hypersensitivity to incentives. These longitudinal data delineate one developmental pathway involving early biology and brain mechanisms for substance use in young adulthood.

Lahat, A; Perez-Edgar, K; Degnan, K A; Guyer, A E; Lejuez, C W; Ernst, M; Pine, D S; Fox, N A

2012-01-01

160

Early childhood temperament predicts substance use in young adults.  

PubMed

Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an important early childhood marker of risk for later psychiatric problems. The current 20-year prospective, longitudinal study focused on individual differences in this early temperament and adolescent brain function. As adolescents, 83 participants initially identified in infancy with the temperament of BI were assessed using functional imaging to examine striatal responses to incentives. Five years later, as young adults, these participants provided self-report of their substance use. Our findings show that children's early temperament interacts with their striatal sensitivity to incentives in adolescence to predict their level of substance use in young adulthood. Those young adults who, as children, showed the highest levels of BI reported the greatest substance use if, as adolescents, they also exhibited striatal hypersensitivity to incentives. These longitudinal data delineate one developmental pathway involving early biology and brain mechanisms for substance use in young adulthood. PMID:22948382

Lahat, A; Pérez-Edgar, K; Degnan, K A; Guyer, A E; Lejuez, C W; Ernst, M; Pine, D S; Fox, N A

2012-09-04

161

Cardiac pacing and defibrillation in children and young adults.  

PubMed

The population of children and young adults requiring a cardiac pacing device has been consistently increasing. The current generation of devices are small with a longer battery life, programming capabilities that can cater to the demands of the young patients and ability to treat brady and tachyarrhythmias as well as heart failure. This has increased the scope and clinical indications of using these devices. As patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) comprise majority of these patients requiring devices, the knowledge of indications, pacing leads and devices, anatomical variations and the technical skills required are different than that required in the adult population. In this review we attempt to discuss these specific points in detail to improve the understanding of cardiac pacing in children and young adults. PMID:23329870

Singh, Harinder R; Batra, Anjan S; Balaji, Seshadri

2013-01-01

162

Perceptions of supportive behavior by young adults with bipolar disorder.  

PubMed

Bipolar disorder is a mental illness with a significant negative impact on quality of life. People with bipolar disorder benefit when family and friends provide social support, but quantity and quality of support are often lacking. We present an exploration of the types of behaviors from support network members that young adults (ages 18 to 30) with bipolar disorder perceived as helpful in coping with the illness. We conducted semistructured ethnographic interviews with young adults (N = 30) with bipolar disorder and analyzed them using qualitative coding methods. We found that young adults with bipolar disorder considered a wide variety of emotion-focused and instrumental behaviors helpful, with some behaviors tailored to the unique characteristics of the illness. These findings also indicate the types of behavior support providers might use to help network members cope with bipolar disorder, and the research needed to better understand social support in the context of chronic mental illness. PMID:23202479

Doherty, Eileen F; MacGeorge, Erina L

2012-11-30

163

Adolescent alcohol use development and young adult outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used latent growth modeling to examine the effects of level of alcohol use and development of alcohol use during adolescence, on young adult outcomes for males and females. Adolescents (N=480; mean=13.03 years, S.D.=1.44; 264 female) were assessed annually over a 4-year period and then 5–6 years later in young adulthood (mean=22.49 years, S.D.=1.50). Chronicity of alcohol use in

Susan C Duncan; Anthony Alpert; Terry E Duncan; Hyman Hops

1997-01-01

164

Psychiatric Comorbidity in Adolescents and Young Adults With Autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the findings of a study investigating rates and types of comorbid mental disorder evident in adolescents and young adults with autism. A sample of 84 young people (M?=?19.5 years, SD?=?4.6) with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) autistic disorder participated in the study. Comorbid mental disorder was

David S. Moseley; Bruce J. Tonge; Avril V. Brereton; Stewart L. Einfeld

2011-01-01

165

[Differential diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders in young adults].  

PubMed

Neurodegenerative diseases are relatively common and usually occur in older patients. In young adulthood, neurodegeneration is less common and more frequent due to underlying inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) that typically have a wide range of clinical presentations. In the following overview, we present a case of SSPE and NBIA. The main differential diagnoses, cardinal symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options of neurodegenerative-like disesase in young adults are presented. PMID:19890775

Weih, M; Schaller, G; Degirmenci, U; Hufnagel, M; Kornhuber, J

2009-11-03

166

Young Adult Authors on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses publishing on the Internet by young authors. Describes "fan-fiction" Web sites where fans write passages that link to characters in popular books, television shows, or movies; fan-fiction inspired by the Disney film "Newsies"; posting short stories on Web pages; poetry, book reviews, and other publications; the attraction of the…

Flench, Chris Ebert

1999-01-01

167

Developmental Antecedents of Young Adult Civic Engagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Civic engagement was studied in relation to overall development in adolescence, emerging adulthood, and young adulthood to examine how earlier activity involvement and success in prior and concurrent age-salient domains of competence may contribute to 2 forms of civic engagement in adulthood (citizenship and volunteering). Data on 163 youth were drawn from a longitudinal study of competence in a normative,

Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2007-01-01

168

Young at Heart: Tips for Older Adults  

MedlinePLUS

... adults should do four types of activities regularly: aerobic (or endurance) exercise and activities to strengthen muscles, ... give you more than just one benefit! Water aerobics with weights gives you strengthening and aerobic benefits. ...

169

Spatial pattern separation in cognitively normal young and older adults.  

PubMed

This study examined the ability of cognitively normal young adults (n = 30) and older adults (n = 30) to perform a delayed match-to-sample task involving varying degrees of spatial interference to assess spatial pattern separation. Each trial consisted of a sample phase followed by a choice phase. During the sample phase, a circle appeared briefly on a computer screen. The participant was instructed to remember the location of the circle on the screen. During the choice phase, two circles were displayed simultaneously, and the participant was asked to indicate which circle was in the same location as the sample phase circle. The two circles on choice phase trials were separated by one of four possible spatial separations: 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 cm. Smaller separations are likely to create increased overlap among memory representations, which may result in heightened interference and a greater need for pattern separation. Consistent with this hypothesis, performance increased as a function of increased spatial separation in both young and older adults. However, young adults outperformed older adults, suggesting that spatial pattern separation may be less efficient in older adults due to potential age-related changes in the dentate gyrus and CA3 hippocampal subregions. Older adults also were divided into older impaired and older unimpaired groups based on their performance on a standardized test of verbal memory. The older impaired group was significantly impaired relative to both the older unimpaired and young groups, suggesting that pattern separation deficits may be variable in older adults. The present findings may have important implications for designing behavioral interventions for older adults that structure daily living tasks to reduce interference, thus improving memory function. PMID:22467270

Holden, Heather M; Hoebel, Calhuei; Loftis, Kelly; Gilbert, Paul E

2012-03-30

170

Scotopic spatiotemporal sensitivity differences between young and old adults  

PubMed Central

Background Our lab has previously demonstrated losses in contrast sensitivity to low spatial frequencies under scotopic conditions with older adults. It is not clear, however, whether the temporal frequency of a stimulus alters the relation between age and the spatial contrast sensitivity function (sCSF) under scotopic conditions. Methods A maximum-likelihood, two-alternative, temporal forced-choice QUEST procedure was used to measure threshold to spatially and temporally modulated stimuli in both young (mean = 26 years) and old (mean = 75 years) adults. Results In general, the shapes of the spatial and temporal CSFs were low-pass for both young and old observers; contrast sensitivity decreased at approximately the same rate with increasing spatial frequency and temporal frequency for both age groups, although the overall sensitivity of the old group was lower than that of the young group. The high-frequency resolution limit was lower for the old group compared to the young group. Conclusions The differences in contrast sensitivity between the young and old groups suggest a uniform loss in sensitivity of the channels mediating spatial and temporal vision. Because of this loss, the spatial and temporal window of visibility for the older adults is compromised relative to the younger adults.

Clark, Cynthia L.; Hardy, Joseph L.; Volbrecht, Vicki J.; Werner, John S.

2010-01-01

171

Perceived Neighborhood Fear and Drug Use Among Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives To examine the association between perceptions of neighborhood safety and drug use, as well as mediation by depression and self-esteem. Methods The sample included 210 inner-city young adults (18 to 25 years) recruited from the Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Results Respondents who indicated greater fear of their neighborhood environment also had significantly greater levels of drug use than did those with lower perceived fear. However, this relationship was not a result of lower self-esteem or higher levels of depressive symptoms. Conclusions Exploratory results point to the need to consider the broader role of the community environment and its impact on drug use among young adults.

Theall, Katherine P.; Sterk, Claire E.; Elifson, Kirk W.

2013-01-01

172

Pulmonary function in healthy young adult Indians in Madras.  

PubMed Central

Forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in one second, functional residual capacity, residual volume, total lung capacity, and single breath diffusing capacity measurements (effective alveolar volume, carbon monoxide transfer factor, and transfer coefficient) were measured in 247 young healthy adults (130 male, 117 female) aged 15-40 years living in Madras. Subjects were of Dravidian stock, living at sea level with rice as their staple diet. Regression equations were derived for men and women for predicting normal pulmonary function for young adults in South India. The values were similar to those reported for subjects from Western India and lower than those reported for North Indians and caucasians.

Vijayan, V K; Kuppurao, K V; Venkatesan, P; Sankaran, K; Prabhakar, R

1990-01-01

173

Functional Literacy of Young Guyanese Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the rationale, development, and administration of the test used for measuring levels of achievement in functional literacy in Guyana. Draws attention to the difficulty of attracting funding for literacy programmes from international aid agencies, given the inflated adult literacy rate that is reported for Guyana in international…

Jennings, Zellyne

2000-01-01

174

Functional Literacy of Young Guyanese Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the rationale, development, and administration of the test used for measuring levels of achievement in functional literacy in Guyana. Draws attention to the difficulty of attracting funding for literacy programmes from international aid agencies, given the inflated adult literacy rate that is reported for Guyana in international…

Jennings, Zellyne

2000-01-01

175

College Selectivity and Young Adult Health Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Large literatures have shown important links between the quantity of completed education and health outcomes on one hand and the quality or selectivity of schooling on a host of adult outcomes, such as wages, on the other hand. However, little research attempts to produce evidence of the link between school quality and health. The paper presents…

Fletcher, Jason M.; Frisvold, David E.

2011-01-01

176

Abdominal aortic occlusion of young adults  

PubMed Central

The occlusion of the infrarenal aorta is a rare event, which is potentially life threatening. We present the case of a heavy smoking, 35-year-old woman who was referred to the emergency department of our hospital because of sudden abdominal pain and urinary incontinence. She also complained of a two-year history of bilateral intermittent claudication. A computerized tomography revealed the thrombosis of the abdominal aorta and of both iliac arteries. Treatment consists of an aortoiliac thromboendarterectomy (AITE). For young patients with atheromatous occlusive disease of the infrarenal aorta, AITE is an attractive alternative to bypass grafting.

Bucci, Federico; Fiengo, Leslie; Hamati, Samer; Plagnol, Philippe

2012-01-01

177

Future HIV Vaccine Acceptability among Young Adults in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing and disseminating a preventive HIV vaccine is a primary scientific and public health objective. However, little is known about HIV vaccine acceptability in the high-prevalence setting of South Africa--where young adults are likely to be targeted in early dissemination efforts. This study reports on six focus groups (n = 42) conducted…

Sayles, Jennifer N.; Macphail, Catherine L.; Newman, Peter A.; Cunningham, William E.

2010-01-01

178

Cover Art, Consumerism, and YA [Young Adult] Reading Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Cover art has long been used as a marketing device for books, particularly with books aimed at young adults (YAs) aged 12 to 18. An examination of some of the teen thrillers published by novelist Lois Duncan since the 1970s yields several discoveries about changes in cover art that come with various editions. Many covers have been resigned to…

Kies, Cosette

179

Moving Out and Marriage: What Do Young Adults Expect?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living independently before marriage is part of a broader pattern of family and demographic change characterizing modern societies since World War II. This study examined expectations about premarital residential independence among young adults. Data were obtained from 28,240 high school seniors who participated in the High School and Beyond study…

Goldscheider, Calvin; Goldscheider, Frances K.

180

Does cannabis use affect prospective memory in young adults?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to examine prospective memory impairments associated with cannabis use in young adults. An independent measures design utilising pre-existing groups of users and non-users was employed in which an opportunity sample of 90 undergraduates studying at universities in the north east of England participated. The number of prospective memory failures reported on the Prospective

Janice Bartholomew; Steve Holroyd; Thomas M Heffernan

2010-01-01

181

Alcohol Consumption and Its Consequences among Adolescents and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol consumption among adolescents and young adults occurs at high rates, with such use resulting in potentially adverse consequences in many critical domains of life, such as academic and occupational achievement, family and peer relationships, and physical and mental health. A recent economic analysis of alcohol consumption estimated that underage drinkers (aged 12-20 years) account for 19.7% of consumer expenditures

Michael Windle; Rebecca C. Windle

182

Young adult interaction with wine in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to investigate how the 18- to 30-age group currently interacts with wine in a variety of settings. It seeks to establish how young adults in the UK currently perceive, use, purchase and consume wine. This is the next generation of UK wine consumers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A total of seven focus groups were held throughout England

Caroline Ritchie

2011-01-01

183

Smoking in Movies and Increased Smoking Among Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objective This study assessed whether smoking in the movies was associated with smoking in young adults. Methods A national web-enabled cross-sectional survey of 1528 young adults, aged 18–25, was performed between September and November 2005. Logistic regression and path analysis using probit regression were used to assess relationships between exposure to smoking in the movies and smoking behavior. Analysis was completed in December 2006. Results Exposure to smoking in the movies predicted current smoking. The adjusted odds of current smoking increased by a factor of 1.21 for each quartile increase in exposure to smoking (p<0.01) in the movies, reaching 1.77 for the top exposure quartile. The unadjusted odds of established smoking (100+ cigarettes with current smoking) increased by 1.23 per quartile (p<0.001) of exposure, reaching 1.86 for the top quartile. This effect on established smoking was mediated by two factors related to smoking in the movies: positive expectations about smoking and exposure to friends and relatives who smoked, with positive expectations accounting for about two thirds of the effect. Conclusions The association between smoking in the movies and young adult smoking behavior exhibited a dose–response relationship; the more a young adult was exposed to smoking in the movies, the more likely he or she would have smoked in the past 30 days or have become an established smoker.

Song, Anna V.; Ling, Pamela M.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Glantz, Stanton A.

2010-01-01

184

Recognition of Emotion by Mentally Retarded Adolescents and Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study found that mildly mentally retarded adolescents and young adults (N=21) were not able to correctly match photographs of faces to emotionally expressive voices. Results suggest that mentally retarded individuals may have specific deficits in recognizing how bodily expressions of emotion are coordinated with each other. (Author/DB)|

Hobson, R. P.; And Others

1989-01-01

185

Young Adults' Perceptions and Memories of a Televised Woman Hero  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and thirty-nine young adults viewed one of three episodes of a television program about a female action hero titled Xena: Warrior Princess. Programs varied in portrayals of Xena's shadow, the dark but also life-preserving facet of the personality. Participants of both genders who had higher levels of traditionally masculine personality characteristics were most likely to perceive Xena as

Sandra L. Calvert; Tracy A. Kondla; Karen A. Ertel; Douglas S. Meisel

2001-01-01

186

Hit List: Frequently Challenged Books for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents descriptions of 26 young adult titles that have been frequent targets of censorship attempts. Each entry provides an annotation for the book in question; examples of recent challenges; citations to reviews of the book and background articles; a list of awards garnered by the book or its author; references about the author;…

Monks, Merri M.; Pistolis, Donna Reidy

187

Recognize the Signs: Reading Young Adult Literature to Address Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article summarizes preservice teachers' experiences in a book club that read young adult literature focused on issues related to bullying. Preservice teachers learned to recognize various incidents of bullying in the books. They also began to consider how they might handle incidents of bullying in their future classrooms. (Contains 2 figures.)

Pytash, Kristine E.; Morgan, Denise N.; Batchelor, Katherine E.

2013-01-01

188

Connecting with Texts: Teacher Candidates Reading Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preparing teachers to understand their students' reading processes so that they can guide their students toward connecting with texts in meaningful and personal ways are goals that can be met through the study of young adult literature. Twenty-first century learners live in an increasingly interconnected world and have access to countless texts…

Bull, Kelly Byrne

2011-01-01

189

CALCIUM INTAKES IN OVERWEIGHT YOUNG ADULTS: THE BOGALUSA HEART STUDY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The youth/adolescent food frequency questionnaire was administered to 1307 young adults ages 20-38 years (73% Euro American (EA) and 27% African American (AA); 39% male and 61 % female). Overweight was calculated as body mass index (BMI) >= 25, waist circumference (WC) > 102 cm in men and > 88 cm i...

190

Recognize the Signs: Reading Young Adult Literature to Address Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes preservice teachers' experiences in a book club that read young adult literature focused on issues related to bullying. Preservice teachers learned to recognize various incidents of bullying in the books. They also began to consider how they might handle incidents of bullying in their future classrooms. (Contains 2…

Pytash, Kristine E.; Morgan, Denise N.; Batchelor, Katherine E.

2013-01-01

191

Young Adult Capacity Initiative Cross-Site Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This cross-site analysis presents findings about the implementation, impact, and outcomes of the Young Adult Capacity Initiative (YACI), at 13 community-based organizations in New York City. These agencies received technical assistance and small incentive grants from the Fund for the City of New York Youth Development Institute (YDI) to build…

Academy for Educational Development, 2012

2012-01-01

192

Initial College Attendance of Low-Income Young Adults. Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More than 2.3 million low-income young adults began postsecondary education in 2008. Where these students initially enroll is of greater consequence than it is to their economically better-off peers because the likelihood of completing college for students from low-income backgrounds depends strongly on where they start their studies. This brief…

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2011

2011-01-01

193

Nonfiction for Young Adults: From Delight to Wisdom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggesting that the vital element nonfiction lacks is professional attention, this book shows the literary qualities of nonfiction as well as defining its importance for young adults. The book discusses seven issues related to information books, each issue making up a single chapter. The first chapter addresses the reading interests of teenagers,…

Carter, Betty; Abrahamson, Richard F.

194

Ways to Join the Living Conversation about Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rarely do students and teachers see themselves as people who have the authority to talk back to the gatekeepers; instead, they are on the receiving end of a conversation begun by others. But the conversation about young adult (YA) books--like the authors who write them--is a living thing. Students and teachers can help to shape it. In this…

Buehler, Jennifer

2009-01-01

195

Programs for Children and Young Adults in USA and Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reports on programs for children and young adults in public libraries in Canada and the United States and discusses implications for Australian libraries. Highlights include budgets; volunteers; government funding; and summer reading programs, including registration, measurements of reading, and programming. (LRW)|

Fisher, Heather

1998-01-01

196

External and Internal Sport Motivations of Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Study aim: To determine and evaluate the spectrum of sport motivation of young adults. Material and methods: A group of 600 subjects, aged 17-19 years, participated in the study. An "ad hoc" questionnaire was applied to assess the 4 motivational factors: competition and success-oriented motivation, external accommodation, physical fitness and…

Bollok, Sandor; Takacs, Johanna; Kalmar, Zsuzsanna; Dobay, Beata

2011-01-01

197

Disability in young adults: the role of injuries  

Microsoft Academic Search

STUDY OBJECTIVES--To describe the prevalence of disability in young adults and estimate the contribution that injuries make to disability. DESIGN--The study uses data from a British longitudinal survey, the National Child Development Study (1958 cohort). Disability at age 23 was ascertained from three questions asked in an interview with cohort members in 1981: these related to longstanding illness that limits

M Barker; C Power

1993-01-01

198

Development of Food Safety Psychosocial Questionnaires for Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Food mishandling is thought to be more acute among young adults; yet little is known about why they may engage in risky food handling behaviors. The purpose of this study was to create valid, reliable instruments for assessing key food safety psychosocial measures. Development of the measures began by examining published studies and behavior…

Byrd-Bredbenner, C.; Wheatley, V.; Schaffner, D.; Bruhn, C.; Blalock, L.; Maurer, J.

2007-01-01

199

Rewriting Eve: Reinserting Ideology in Young Adult Fiction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literature for older children and young adults (YA fiction) has long been identified as having a didactic tendency to moralise and instruct readers (see, for example, the work of John Stephens, Robyn McCallum, Peter Hollindale and others). Although the didactic tenor of YA fiction has softened in the last several decades, in line with a general decrease in literary didacticism

Georgina Ledvinka

2012-01-01

200

Negotiating Understanding through the Young Adult Literature of Muslim Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although United States citizens generally pride themselves on their understanding and acceptance of diversity, all too many of them harbor a fear of Muslims, which transformed into widespread bigotry after September 11, 2001. Knowing that young adult literature can be a powerful means of negotiating understanding of the other, this article…

Baer, Allison L.; Glasgow, Jacqueline N.

2010-01-01

201

The distinctive biology of cancer in adolescents and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

One explanation for the relative lack of progress in treating cancer in adolescents and young adults is that the biology of malignant diseases in this age group is different than in younger and older persons, not only in the spectrum of cancers but also within individual cancer types and within the patient (host). Molecular, epidemiological and therapeutic outcome comparisons offer

Ronald Barr; Brandon Hayes-Lattin; David Thomas; Chad Ellis; Barry Anderson; Archie Bleyer

2008-01-01

202

Attitudes and self-efficacy in young adults' computing autobiographies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the formation of people's first perceptions about computers and computer code, yet it is likely that these impressions have a lasting effect on peoples' use of technology in their lives and careers. Brief autobiographical essays about these first impressions were solicited from a diverse population of young adults and these essays were analyzed for factors that

Andrew J. Ko

2009-01-01

203

“Coming Out” Stories of Gay and Lesbian Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gay and lesbian young adults (N = 53) were interviewed about coming out to their parents. Analyses of memory content were conducted. Hypotheses related to disclosure were largely supported. Participants typically first disclosed their sexual orientation to a friend. More participants came out to their mother than their father. When disclosure was made to both parents, mothers were told prior

Nicole E. Rossi

2010-01-01

204

Sex Differences in Relationship Aggression Among Young Adults in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the prevalence of physical aggression in the relationships of young adults in Germany. A convenience sample of 248 women and 400 men aged between 17 and 29 years provided reports of physical aggression shown toward and experienced by a partner using the revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2). Sex differences were found for several physically aggressive behaviors measured

Barbara Krahé; Anja Berger

2005-01-01

205

Experiences of overcoming depression in young adults in psychoanalytic psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aims to explore the process of overcoming depression as experienced by young adult psychotherapy patients. Seventeen patients in individual or group psychotherapy with diagnoses within the depression spectrum were interviewed at termination of psychotherapy and at 1.5 years’ follow-up. Grounded theory analysis of transcripts resulted in 15 distinct categories, organized into five general domains: experiences of positive change,

Andrzej Werbart; Susanna Rehnberg

2010-01-01

206

Demand for Cigarettes by Teenagers and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper will provide the first comprehensive analysis of the effects of cigarette prices, cigarette excise taxes, smoke-free air laws, youth access laws, state spending on comprehensive tobacco control programs, socio-economic factors, and demographic characteristics on measures of demand for smoking, especially light and intermittent smoking by teenagers and young adults in a long panel. I will also employ the

Ce Shang

2010-01-01

207

Price, Tobacco Control Policies and Smoking Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of cigarette prices and tobacco control policies (including restrictions on smoking in public places and limits on the availability of tobacco products to youths) on cigarette smoking among youths and young adults are estimated using data from a nationally representative survey of students in U.S. colleges and universities. Smoking participation rates, the quantity of cigarettes smoked by smokers,

Frank J. Chaloupka; Henry Wechsler

1995-01-01

208

Internet Use, Identity Development and Social Anxiety Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contradictory evidence exists regarding the benefit of the Internet for social and personal wellbeing, with some studies indicating deleterious effects and others possible social enrichment. The potential for increased social isolation from 'over- involvement' in online activities or, conversely, the Internet's possibilities for enhancing social relationships, may be particularly salient during young adult- hood and adolescence because of the special

Dennis Mazalin; Susan Moore

2004-01-01

209

The Effects of Divorce on Young Adults' Relationship Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship competence of young adults was investigated to determine if those who experienced family disruption in childhood, namely divorce or conflict, differed on measures of self esteem, fear of intimacy, romantic relationship satisfaction, and beliefs about marriage. The potential moderating effect and contribution of intimate friendships on relationship competence was examined. The study compared youth who had experienced family

Allison Kirk

2002-01-01

210

Exposure to Interparental Conflict and Psychological Disorder Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effect of exposure to interparental conflict on the mental health of young adults. Based on a diverse sample of 649 students from three New England colleges, the authors investigate the association between nonviolent interparental conflict during childhood, subsequent distress and disorder, and identified factors that mediate the relationship. Results indicate that exposure to interparental conflict significantly

Heather A. Turner; Kathleen Kopiec

2006-01-01

211

Exposure to Interparental Conflict and Psychological Disorder among Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the effect of exposure to interparental conflict on the mental health of young adults. Based on a diverse sample of 649 students from three New England colleges, the authors investigate the association between nonviolent interparental conflict during childhood, subsequent distress and disorder, and identified factors that…

Turner, Heather A.; Kopiec, Kathleen

2006-01-01

212

Connecting With Texts: Teacher Candidates Reading Young Adult Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Preparing teachers to understand their students' reading processes so that they can guide their students toward connecting with texts in meaningful and personal ways are goals that can be met through the study of young adult literature. Twenty-first century learners live in an increasingly interconnected world and have access to countless texts thanks to continual improvements in technologies. Being able

Kelly Byrne Bull

2011-01-01

213

Quality of life in young adult survivors of childhood cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years the necessity of measuring quality of life in childhood cancer survivors has been stressed. This paper gives an overview of the results of studies into the quality of life (QL) of young adult survivors of childhood cancer and suggest areas for future research. The review located 30 empirical studies published up to 2001. The results are described

N. E. Langeveld; H. Stam; M. A. Grootenhuis; B. F. Last

2002-01-01

214

Monstrous Acts: Problematizing Violence in Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite a growing body of work that draws attention to the presence of violence in the mass media and its effects on youth, little critical attention has been paid to the role of violence in young adult literature. The authors believe that by bringing violence to the foreground in the study of texts, they can enrich and deepen what these stories…

Franzak, Judith; Noll, Elizabeth

2006-01-01

215

Computing experiences of young adults: An empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The High School Beyond study provides the data for an analysis of the computing experiences of young adults. Five types of computing experiences-general, personal and recreational, job, general educational and high school computer usage are examined with respect to selected socio-economic and demographic characteristics. The results suggest that computing experience is related to gender, race, SES, father's education and family

Adele Platter

1988-01-01

216

Exploring Notions of Freedom in and through Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article offers teachers a critical framework for use and adaptation in organizing class discussions focused on notions of freedom in young adult literature. The authors open by discussing the notion of freedom, including concepts related to negative and positive freedom and to arguments advocating critical discussion of common assumptions…

Bean, Thomas W.; Harper, Helen J.

2006-01-01

217

Young Adults with Gambling Problems: The Impact of Childhood Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Childhood maltreatment has been thought to be a significant risk factor in the development of gambling problems. Incorporating a developmental psychopathology perspective, 1,324 adolescents and young adults, age 17-22 years completed self-report measures on gambling behaviors, gambling severity, and childhood maltreatment. Problem gamblers…

Felsher, Jennifer R.; Derevensky, Jeffrey L.; Gupta, Rina

2010-01-01

218

Motivations for parenthood among young adult college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hundred and sixty three young adult college students responded to openended questions assessing their specific intentions, motives, and plans for having children. The most commonly stated motives for childbearing reflected a strong interest in establishing an identity and social network. Financial, marital, and emotional stability were identified as important factors influencing the timing of parenthood. Several significant sex differences

Anne V. Gormly; John B. Gormly; Helen Weiss

1987-01-01

219

Makeover Madness: Tips for Revamping your Young Adult Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents tips from a project that made modest but significant improvements to the young adult areas and services of 11 rural libraries in the Pioneer Library System in upstate New York. Discusses floor plans, layout and location; furniture and fixtures; collections and displays; technology; and staff. Illustrates changes with before-and-after…

Bolan, Kimberly; Wemett, Lisa C.

1999-01-01

220

Makeover Madness: Tips for Revamping your Young Adult Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents tips from a project that made modest but significant improvements to the young adult areas and services of 11 rural libraries in the Pioneer Library System in upstate New York. Discusses floor plans, layout and location; furniture and fixtures; collections and displays; technology; and staff. Illustrates changes with before-and-after…

Bolan, Kimberly; Wemett, Lisa C.

1999-01-01

221

Relations between Identity Formation and Family Characteristics among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between identity formation and family characteristics among young adults were examined. The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales II and the Ego Process Questionnaire were administered to 57 male and 94 female college students between the ages of 18 and 25. There were 78 Caucasian and 73 African American youth. Significant relations were found between identity exploration and commitment,

Ronald L. Mullis; John C. Brailsford; Ann K. Mullis

2003-01-01

222

Cancer Research Now: Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Conversation with Matthew Zachary: The Young Adult Cancer Movement HIGHLIGHTS Breast Cancer Cells Found by Immunochemistry in Sentinel Nodes Not Associated with Survival Radiation Plus Short-Term Hormone Therapy Improves Survival of Men with Early-Stage Prostate Cancer In Hodgkin Lymphoma ...

223

Adolescent/Young Adult Literature Titles/Holocaust.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents descriptions of the 10 best young adult novels (and teaching suggestions) appropriate for studying the Holocaust in the middle school. Each description begins with a summary and "hook" that can be used with students, and then ends with discussion for the teacher about reading abilities and applications in the classroom.…

Jones, Darolyn Lyn

224

Investigating the News Seeking Behavior of Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the news-seeking and browsing behaviours of young adults, partly in the context of everyday life information seeking (ELIS), in order to explore their perceptions of and attitudes towards print and online news media. The study is significant because traditional print newspapers face a steady decline in their readership…

Qayyum, M. Asim; Williamson, Kirsty; Liu, Ying-Hsang; Hider, Philip

2010-01-01

225

Speaking Up for Vocabulary: Reading Skill Differences in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is part of a broader project aimed at developing cognitive and neurocognitive profiles of adolescent and young adult readers whose educational and occupational prospects are constrained by their limited literacy skills. We explore the relationships among reading-related abilities in participants ages 16 to 24 years spanning a wide…

Braze, David; Tabor, Whitney; Shankweiler, Donald P.; Mencl, W. Einar

2007-01-01

226

Miranda Rights Comprehension in Young Adults with Specific Language Impairment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether citizens with language impairment understand legal rights as conveyed in Miranda warnings. Method: Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights (1998) was administered to 34 young adults, half of whom met the diagnostic criteria for specific…

Rost, Gwyneth C.; McGregor, Karla K.

2012-01-01

227

Perceived Effectiveness of Tobacco Countermarketing Advertisements among Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objectives: To measure relative effectiveness of tobacco countermarketing advertisements by category and emotive execution style among young adults. Methods: Participants (n = 1011) from 2 US 4-year colleges, one southern and one northern were surveyed before and after viewing advertisements in one of 3 categories: social norms, health…

Murphy-Hoefer, Rebecca; Hyland, Andrew; Higbee, Cheryl

2008-01-01

228

Substance Abuse by Youth and Young Adults in Rural America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Addressing substance abuse in rural America requires extending our understanding beyond urban-rural comparisons to how substance abuse varies across rural communities of different sizes. We address this gap by examining substance abuse prevalence across 4 geographic levels, focusing on youth (age 12-17 years) and young adults (age 18-25…

Lambert, David; Gale, John A.; Hartley, David

2008-01-01

229

Developing the Social Skills of Young Adult Special Olympics Athletes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine if young adult Special Olympics participants could develop, generalize, and maintain target social skills (eye contact, contributing relevant information, and turn taking) as a result of a 14-week Social Skills and Sports (S[superscript 3]) Program that combined classroom instruction with soccer…

Alexander, Melissa G. F.; Dummer, Gail M.; Smeltzer, Ashley; Denton, Stephen J.

2011-01-01

230

Homeless Young Adults and Behavioral HealthAn Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults (ages 18-24) are especially vulnerable to homelessness in the United States, and those experiencing homelessness exhibit high prevalence for many kinds of abuse and negative health outcomes. This article reviews common behavioral health issues facing homeless youth and assesses collective wisdom on effective treatments and services for this vulnerable population. On the whole, the research remains focused on

Suzanne Zerger; Aaron J. Strehlow; Adi V. Gundlapalli

2008-01-01

231

Hedonic and utilitarian shopping motivations among Portuguese young adult consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the main factors that explained the shopping motivations among Portuguese consumers and to categorize possible groups based on those dimensions. The paper also intends to confirm the results obtained in previous studies carried out in the USA, applying their measure instruments to a sample of young adult Portuguese consumers. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Paulo Ribeiro Cardoso; Sara Carvalho Pinto

2010-01-01

232

Imitation or Exploration? Young Infants' Matching of Adults' Oral Gestures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three studies examined the tongue protrusion (TP) behaviors of young infants in response to visual stimuli. Infants produced TPs in response to objects within reach before but not after the onset of reaching behavior. The results suggest that infants' TPs in response to a tongue-protruding adult reflect very early attempts at oral exploration of…

Jones, Susan S.

1996-01-01

233

Parental Attachment, Interparental Conflict, and Young Adults' Emotional Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study extends Engels et al.'s model of emotional adjustment to young adults and includes the constructs of interparental conflict and conflict resolution. Results indicate that parental attachment is better conceived as a two-factor construct of mother and father attachment and that although attachment to both mothers and fathers directly…

Ross, Jennifer; Fuertes, Jairo

2010-01-01

234

Off the Shelves: Poetry and Verse Novels for Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of all the material in the English language arts curricula, poetry seems to cause the most consternation among teachers. For a number of teachers, and many students, poetry continues to be a difficult topic to teach and learn. In this article, the author focuses on the ways that young adult literature can help teachers expose their students to…

Letcher, Mark, Ed.

2010-01-01

235

Using Young Adult Literature To End Discrimination against Mental Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to inform junior and senior high school students about mental illness, this document provides educators with an annotated bibliography of young adult fiction and a set of supporting activities. Included in the bibliography are nearly 100 current fiction titles, grouped according to the following topics: anorexia, drugs and alcohol,…

Perez, Kathy

236

Muscle dissatisfaction in young adult men  

PubMed Central

Backround Appearance concerns are of increasing importance in young men's lives. We investigated whether muscle dissatisfaction is associated with psychological symptoms, dietary supplement or anabolic steroid use, or physical activity in young men. Methods As a part of a questionnaire assessment of health-related behaviors in the population-based FinnTwin16 study, we assessed factors associated with muscle dissatisfaction in 1245 men aged 22–27 using logistic regression models. Results Of men, 30% experienced high muscle dissatisfaction, while 12% used supplements/steroids. Of highly muscle-dissatisfied men, 21.5% used supplements/steroids. Mean body mass index, waist circumference, or leisure aerobic activity index did not differ between individuals with high/low muscle dissatisfaction. Muscle dissatisfaction was significantly associated with a psychological and psychosomatic problems, alcohol and drug use, lower height satisfaction, sedentary lifestyle, poor subjective physical fitness, and lower life satisfaction. Conclusion Muscle dissatisfaction and supplement/steroid use are relatively common, and are associated with psychological distress and markers of sedentary lifestyle.

2006-01-01

237

Recruiting young adult cancer survivors for behavioral research.  

PubMed

Young adults have been dramatically underrepresented in cancer survivorship research. One contributing factor is the difficulty recruiting this population. To identify effective recruitment strategies, the current study assessed the yield of strategies used to recruit young survivors for an exercise intervention including: clinic-based recruitment, recruitment at cancer-related events, mailings, telephone-based recruitment, advertising on the internet, radio, television and social networking media, distributing brochures and word-of-mouth referrals. When taking into account the strategies for which we could track the number of survivors approached, recruitment at an oncology clinic was the most productive: 38 % of those approached were screened and 8 % enrolled. When evaluating which strategy yielded the greatest percentage of the sample, however, mailings were the most productive. Given widespread use of the internet and social networking by young adults, investigators should also consider these low-cost recruitment strategies. PMID:22810954

Rabin, Carolyn; Horowitz, Santina; Marcus, Bess

2013-03-01

238

The experience of uncertainty in young adults with cancer.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the experience of uncertainty in young adults with cancer. A purposeful sample of 6 young adults between the ages of 19 and 30 years undergoing chemotherapy treatment was recruited. Participants were interviewed twice using semistructured interviews. The investigators used constant comparison to examine the content of the transcript for common words, phrases, statements, or units of text that related to uncertainty. Findings revealed 3 major emerging themes. The first one being "types of uncertainty," which includes uncertainty and efforts at the right place, uncertainty and aspects of treatment, uncertainty and personal abilities, and uncertainty and the feasibility of plans related to life goals. Uncertainty was also found to trigger the development of certainties, which led to the second theme, "certainties: helpful or not?" A third emerging theme, dealing with uncertainty, described a variety of strategies used by young adults that included living on a day-to-day basis, being selfish, believing, getting information, trusting the physician, concentrating on positive things, keeping energy by pacing oneself, choosing social support, and trying to live a normal life. A consequence of dealing with the uncertainty and the cancer journey is the "enlightened path." It emerged and revealed how the cancer journey changed their lives. A number of implications for nursing practice therefore warrant consideration, especially fostering a sense of normalcy by identifying common behaviors, feelings, or needs among these young adults with cancer. Sharing this information and facilitating interactions with other young adults with cancer has the potential to promote coping with uncertainty. PMID:19661789

Corbeil, Amélie; Laizner, Andréa Maria; Hunter, Patricia; Hutchison, Nancy

239

Extraordinary moral commitment: young adults involved in social organizations.  

PubMed

The personality of exemplary young adults was studied in an effort to paint a portrait of moral excellence that expanded upon the traditional emphasis on moral reasoning maturity. These young adults were nominated based on their extraordinary moral commitment towards various social organizations. The sample included 40 moral exemplars and 40 matched comparison individuals who responded to a battery of questionnaires and participated in a semistructured interview. It was found that moral exemplars, in contrast to comparison individuals, were more agreeable, more advanced in their faith and moral reasoning development, further along in forming an adult identity, and more willing to enter into close relationships. These findings are discussed in the context of describing moral excellence from a multifaceted, personality perspective. PMID:15016070

Matsuba, M Kyle; Walker, Lawrence J

2004-04-01

240

Smallpox Vaccination is Not Associated with Infertility in a Healthy Young Adult Population.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Concerns exist regarding reproductive health, including potential infertility, among young adults with military-related occupational exposures. This study evaluated infertility diagnoses in a large population of healthy young adults in relation to prior s...

C. J. Sevick G. R. Gumbs I. G. Jacobson M. A. Ryan T. C. Smith

2008-01-01

241

Relationship Between Cigarette Smoking and Other Poor Health Behaviors in a Young Adult Population.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study examines the relationship between smoking and other poor health behaviors in a young adult population. This study hypothesizes that, for a young adult population, there is no correlation between smoking and other bad health behaviors. The popul...

W. M. Matthews

2000-01-01

242

Beliefs and attitudes regarding smoking among young adult Latinos: A pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundTobacco use interventions for young adult Latinos have not yet been developed. This qualitative pilot study employed semistructured interviews to assess beliefs and attitudes regarding tobacco use interventions among young adult Latinos.

Randi E. Foraker; Christi A. Patten; Keila N. Lopez; Ivana T. Croghan; Janet L. Thomas

2005-01-01

243

Glucose enhancement of a facial recognition task in young adults.  

PubMed

Numerous studies have reported that glucose administration enhances memory processes in both elderly and young adult subjects. Although these studies have utilized a variety of procedures and paradigms, investigations of both young and elderly subjects have typically used verbal tasks (word list recall, paragraph recall, etc.). In the present study, the effect of glucose consumption on a nonverbal, facial recognition task in young adults was examined. Lemonade sweetened with either glucose (50 g) or saccharin (23.7 mg) was consumed by college students (mean age of 21.1 years) 15 min prior to a facial recognition task. The task consisted of a familiarization phase in which subjects were presented with "target" faces, followed immediately by a recognition phase in which subjects had to identify the targets among a random array of familiar target and novel "distractor" faces. Statistical analysis indicated that there were no differences on hit rate (target identification) for subjects who consumed either saccharin or glucose prior to the test. However, further analyses revealed that subjects who consumed glucose committed significantly fewer false alarms and had (marginally) higher d-prime scores (a signal detection measure) compared to subjects who consumed saccharin prior to the test. These results parallel a previous report demonstrating glucose enhancement of a facial recognition task in probable Alzheimer's patients; however, this is believed to be the first demonstration of glucose enhancement for a facial recognition task in healthy, young adults. PMID:10713296

Metzger, M M

2000-02-01

244

Psychological, social, and behavioral issues for young adults with cancer.  

PubMed

Theories of human development suggest that, although all cancer patients experience a common set of life disruptions, they experience them differently, focus on different issues, and attach different levels of importance to different aspects of the experience depending on the time in life at which they were diagnosed. During the critical developmental transition from childhood to adulthood, older adolescents and young adults in particular have typical concerns with establishing identity, developing a positive body image and sexual identity, separating from parents, increasing involvement with peers and dating, and beginning to make decisions about careers or employment, higher education, and/or family. Accordingly, cancer-related issues such as premature confrontation with mortality, changes in physical appearance, increased dependence on parents, disruptions in social life and school/employment because of treatment, loss of reproductive capacity, and health-related concerns about the future may be particularly distressing for adolescents and young adults. Psychosocial and behavioral interventions for young adult cancer patients and survivors often involve assisting these individuals in retaining or returning to function in significant social roles, such as spouse, parent, student, worker, or friend. Successful interventions will enable these young people to overcome the detrimental impact of a health crisis and strengthen the internal and external coping resources available to them. PMID:21523748

Zebrack, Brad J

2011-05-15

245

Young adult weight trajectories through midlife by body mass category.  

PubMed

Objective: To estimate the expected weight gain through midlife for those in a given BMI category in young adulthood. Design and Methods: Group-based trajectory modeling and National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 data from 1990 to 2008 were used to quantify weight trajectories through midlife for 10,038 young adult men and women stratified by BMI category. Logistic regression was used to assess the association of trajectory membership with obesity-related conditions (hypertension, diabetes, arthritis) in middle age. Results: Annual weight gain averaged 0.53 kg (1.17 lb) across the entire sample. However, there was considerable variation by and within BMI categories. More than 98% of men and 92% of women were on upward-sloping trajectories, generally moving into a higher BMI category by middle age. Those who experienced early and rapid weight gain during young adulthood were most likely to be on a steeper trajectory and had greater risks for obesity-related conditions. Conclusion: This study points to the health and weight benefits of entering young adulthood with a normal BMI, but further reveals that this is no guarantee of maintaining a healthy weight through midlife. For those who are young adults today, weight maintenance is unlikely to occur without significant environmental or technical innovation. PMID:23408493

Malhotra, Rahul; Ostbye, Truls; Riley, Crystal M; Finkelstein, Eric A

2013-05-24

246

Addiction Treatment Experience among a Cohort of Street-Involved Youths and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Very little is known about the accessibility and potential barriers to addiction treatment among street youths and young adults. We sought to examine the prevalence and correlates of enrollment in addiction treatment among a cohort of street-involved youths and young adults in Vancouver, Canada. Street-involved youths and young adults who use…

Wong, Jellena; Marshall, Brandon D. L.; Kerr, Thomas; Lai, Calvin; Wood, Evan

2009-01-01

247

The choice between a married or unmarried first union by young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the choice between marriage and unmarried cohabitation as a first union by young adults is studied. A hazard analysis is performed on a sample of 590 26-year-old men and women from the Netherlands. Students are much less likely to start a union in general, and marriage in particular, than are other categories of young adults. Young adults

Aart C. Liefbroer

1991-01-01

248

The Effects of Framing Vocational Choices on Young Adults' Sets of Career Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The present paper examines the effects of two decision-framing inductions on young adults' set of career options: first, whether young adults use abilities or interests as the grounds for their vocational choices and, second, whether young adults approach the decision-making task by including all career options to which they feel…

Feldman, Daniel C.; Whitcomb, Kathleen M.

2005-01-01

249

The Musical Culture of Young Adults and Its Relevance to Education for Librarianship.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Because of the important role music plays in the lives of young adults, the graduate education of young adult librarians should include a study of the music and the musical behavior of young adults. A formal course might include reviews of research in the...

G. Stevenson

1978-01-01

250

Direct Effects of Assets and Savings on the College Progress of Black Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Descriptive data indicate that 62% of White young adults between the ages of 17 and 23 years were on course (i.e., either in college or have graduated from college) in 2007, compared with only 37% of Black young adults. Given this, finding novel and promising ways to promote college progress among Black young adults, in particular, is a growing…

Elliott, William; Nam, Ilsung

2012-01-01

251

The Effect of Support for Action Against the Tobacco Industry on Smoking Among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. We investigated associations between tobacco industry denor- malization attitudes and the smoking behavior of young adults (aged 18 to 29 years). Methods. We analyzed data from 9455 young adults in the 2002 California Tobacco Survey. Results. The data showed that 27.4% of young adults were \\

Pamela M. Ling; Torsten B. Neilands; Stanton A. Glantz

2007-01-01

252

Tobacco industry research on smoking cessation - Recapturing young adults and other recent quitters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Smoking rates are declining in the United States, except for young adults (age 18 to 24). Few organized programs target smoking cessation specifically for young adults, except programs for pregnant women. In contrast, the tobacco industry has invested much time and money studying young adult smoking patterns. Some of these data are now available in documents released through litigation.

P M Ling; S A Glantz

2004-01-01

253

Motorsports involvement among adolescents and young adults with childhood ADHD.  

PubMed

Although children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at risk for impulsive, health-endangering behavior, few studies have examined nonsubstance, use-related risk-taking behaviors. This study examined whether adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories were more likely than those without ADHD histories to report frequent engagement in motorsports, a collection of risky driving-related activities associated with elevated rates of physical injury. Path analyses tested whether persistent impulsivity, comorbid conduct disorder or antisocial personality disorder (CD/ASP), and heavy alcohol use mediated this association. Analyses also explored whether frequent motorsporting was associated with unsafe and alcohol-influenced driving. Two hundred twenty-one adolescent and young adult males (16-25 years old) diagnosed with ADHD in childhood and 139 demographically similar males without ADHD histories reported their motorsports involvement. Persistent impulsivity, CD/ASP, heavy drinking, and hazardous driving were also measured in adolescence/young adulthood. Adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories were more likely to report frequent motorsports involvement than those without childhood ADHD. Impulsivity, CD/ASP, and heavy drinking partially mediated this association, such that individuals with ADHD histories, who had persistent impulsivity or CD/ASP diagnoses, were more likely to engage in heavy drinking, which was positively associated with frequent motorsporting. Motorsports involvement was associated with more unsafe and alcohol-influenced driving, and this association was more often found among those with, than without, ADHD histories. Adolescents and young adults with ADHD histories, especially those with persisting impulsivity, comorbid CD/ASP and heavy drinking tendencies, are more likely to engage in motorsports, which may heighten risk of injury. PMID:23347139

Wymbs, Brian T; Molina, Brooke S G; Belendiuk, Katherine A; Pedersen, Sarah L; Walther, Christine A P; Cheong, Jee Won; McGinley, James S; Marshal, Michael P; Gnagy, Elizabeth M; Pelham, William E

2013-01-25

254

“You’re too young for this”: adolescent and young adults’ perspectives on cancer survivorship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors face unique challenges not systematically addressed by cancer clinicians. Four focus groups and two individual interviews were conducted with 19 survivors to profile experiences and identify key concerns for future interventions. The resultant themes reflect cancer care continuum challenges (such as delays in diagnosis, problems with adherence), psychosocial concerns (such as infertility and

Erin E. Kent; Carla Parry; Michael J. Montoya; Leonard S. Sender; Rebecca A. Morris; Hoda Anton-Culver

2012-01-01

255

A young adult Jehovah's Witness with severe anemia.  

PubMed

Two of the most ethically complex situations in pediatrics are those involving families whose religious beliefs preclude the provision of life-sustaining treatment and those involving young adults who have reached the age of legal majority and who face decisions about life-sustaining treatment. This month's "Ethics Rounds" presents a case in which these 2 complexities overlapped. An 18-year-old Jehovah's Witness with sickle cell disease has life-threatening anemia. She is going into heart failure. Her doctors urgently recommend blood transfusions. The young woman and her family adamantly refuse. Should the doctors let her die? Is there any alternative? PMID:23958767

Ukachi, Nnenna; Morrison, Wynne; Vanhorn, Samantha; Sundaram, Revathy; Lantos, John D

2013-08-19

256

Caring for young adults on a paediatric ward.  

PubMed

The need for adolescents and young adults (AYA) to have suitable age-specific inpatient facilities has been recognised for many years, yet has received relatively little attention. This article reports the successful introduction of an inpatient facility for AYA, aged 17-24 years, on a general paediatric ward in a small district general hospital. From December 2010, a young person's unit (YPU) consisting of an 8-bed area was opened within a 24-bed children's ward. Nursing care was provided by the ward staff, all of whom had been trained in the care of young adults. Policies regarding admission criteria, safeguarding, patient choice, visiting and 'house rules' were drafted, implemented and modified as necessary. Discussions with the adult clinicians (for medical care) and site managers were held to ensure smooth running of the system, and to address any concerns or difficulties. Paediatric patients had priority of admission at times of bed crisis. During 2012, there were a total of 2351 inpatient admissions to the paediatric ward, of whom 379 (16%) were YPU patients aged from 17-24 years. Median length of stay was 2 days for patients aged 17-24 years as compared with 1 day for patients aged less than or equal to 16 years. Patients who chose admission to the paediatric ward tended to be younger, in transition from paediatric to adult services for chronic conditions, or with special needs. Patient surveys showed a high level of satisfaction with the facility. Young adults can be cared for safely and effectively on a paediatric ward with minimal additional costs. The essential ingredients for success include discussion with affected parties to address specific concerns, and the establishment of a clear, simple and unambiguous admission policy. PMID:24165407

Aj Heaton, Paul; Routley, Christine; Prosad Paul, Siba

2013-10-23

257

Multisensory integration across the senses in young and old adults  

PubMed Central

Stimuli are processed concurrently and across multiple sensory inputs. Here we directly compared the effect of multisensory integration (MSI) on reaction time across three paired sensory inputs in eighteen young (M=19.17 yrs) and eighteen old (M=76.44 yrs) individuals. Participants were determined to be non-demented and without any medical or psychiatric conditions that would affect their performance. Participants responded to randomly presented unisensory (auditory, visual, somatosensory) stimuli and three paired sensory inputs consisting of auditory-somatosensory (AS) auditory-visual (AV) and visual-somatosensory (VS) stimuli. Results revealed that reaction time (RT) to all multisensory pairings was significantly faster than those elicited to the constituent unisensory conditions across age groups; findings that could not be accounted for by simple probability summation. Both young and old participants responded the fastest to multisensory pairings containing somatosensory input. Compared to younger adults, older adults demonstrated a significantly greater RT benefit when processing concurrent VS information. In terms of co-activation, older adults demonstrated a significant increase in the magnitude of visual-somatosensory co-activation (i.e., multisensory integration), while younger adults demonstrated a significant increase in the magnitude of auditory-visual and auditory-somatosensory co-activation. This study provides first evidence in support of the facilitative effect of pairing somatosensory with visual stimuli in older adults.

Mahoney, Jeannette R.; Li, Po Ching Clara; Oh-Park, Mooyeon; Verghese, Joe; Holtzer, Roee

2011-01-01

258

Binge Drinking Effects on EEG in Young Adult Humans  

PubMed Central

Young adult (N = 96) university students who varied in their binge drinking history were assessed by electroencephalography (EEG) recording during passive viewing. Groups consisted of male and female non-binge drinkers (>1 to 5/4 drinks/ounces in under two hours), low-binge drinkers (5/4–7/6 drinks/ounces in under two hours), and high-binge drinkers (? 10 drinks/ounces in under two hours), who had been drinking alcohol at their respective levels for an average of 3 years. The non- and low-binge drinkers exhibited less spectral power than the high-binge drinkers in the delta (0–4 Hz) and fast-beta (20–35 Hz) bands. Binge drinking appears to be associated with a specific pattern of brain electrical activity in young adults that may reflect the future development of alcoholism.

Courtney, Kelly E.; Polich, John

2010-01-01

259

Contextual profiles of young adult Ecstasy users: a multisite study  

PubMed Central

These analyses assess contextual profiles of 612 young adult Ecstasy users, 18–30 years of age, from St. Louis (USA), Miami (USA) and Sydney (Australia). Bivariate analyses revealed different contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use. Friends were the most common sources of Ecstasy at all sites and most used with friends. St. Louis and Miami use mostly occurred in residences, whereas in Sydney use was mostly at clubs, bars or restaurants. Ecstasy consumption at public places and in cars, trains or ferries was significantly higher in Miami (89% and 77%) than in St. Louis (67% and 65%) and Sydney (67% and 61%). At all sites, simultaneous use of LSD/mushroom and nitrous oxide with Ecstasy was common; concurrent amphetamines predominated in Sydney and heroin/opiates in St. Louis Contextual factors influencing Ecstasy use among young adults vary by geographic region. Their inclusion may help tailor effective prevention programs to reduce or ameliorate Ecstasy use.

Ramtekkar, Ujjwal P.; Striley, Catherine W; Cottler, Linda B

2010-01-01

260

Body piercings and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in young adults.  

PubMed

Body piercing, which is prevalent in young adults, has been suggested to be associated with features usually related to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) such as high-risk behaviours and psychopathological symptoms and might be motivated by a wish to deal with prior traumatic experiences. However, to date, no research has investigated the relationship between this practice and PTSD symptoms. The present research aims to investigate the possible relationship between body piercing and PTSD symptoms in French-speaking young adults. According to our results, having two or more body piercings was associated with a twofold increased risk for scoring above the cut-off score for PTSD on the PTSD checklist. Our findings suggest that two or more body piercings might serve as an identifiable marker for PTSD symptoms and may have important implications for clinical screening. PMID:22499241

Bui, Eric; Rodgers, Rachel; Simon, Naomi M; Jehel, Louis; Metcalf, Christina A; Birmes, Philippe; Schmitt, Laurent

2012-04-12

261

Daily activities and sleep quality in young adults.  

PubMed

Daily activity levels were investigated as related to sleep quality in young adult college students aged 18 to 30 years. 85 participants (20 men, 65 women) completed the Young Adult Daily Activity Scale (YADAS). This 37-item checklist has 34 items based on focus group discussion points of college students' typical daily activities and three blank items for students to include their daily activities if not in the listing. The tabulation of type and amount of waking daily activities represents a unique measurement of factors that may affect sleep quality. The participants also rated their typical sleep quality using a standard 5-point scale (low indicating poor sleep). Correlations of sleep ratings and activities were not significant. PMID:21667753

Sexton-Radek, Kathy; Pichler-Mowry, Rene

2011-04-01

262

Violence and delayed social independence among young adult British men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To explain why a subgroup of young men aged 20–24 years do not follow the general trend within the adult general population,\\u000a of declining violence with age.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  A cross-sectional survey of 8,397 adults in households in Great Britain in 2000. Computer-assisted interviews to measure self-reported\\u000a violence and psychiatric morbidity.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Young men age 20–24 years had the same high prevalence of self-reported violence

Jeremy Coid; Min Yang

2010-01-01

263

Adolescent alcohol use, sociability and income as a young adult.  

PubMed

We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health) to study how sociability and adolescent alcohol use impact personal income as a young adult. We find that factors which enhance not only individual sociability but also social interaction at the community level are positively linked to future earnings of adolescents. Adolescents whose friends and friends of friends have greater sociability reap long-term labor market rewards into adulthood. After adjusting for individual and community sociability, the effect of teenage alcohol consumption on labor market earnings as young adults is reduced. Our results suggest that earnings premiums associated with adolescent alcohol consumption may be partially explained by social network dynamics. PMID:22984291

Mundt, Marlon P; French, Michael T

2012-08-01

264

Abdominal obesity and coronary artery calcification in young adults: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Whether abdominal obesity is related to coronary artery calcification (CAC) is not known. Objective:Weinvestigatedtherelationsofwaistgirthandwaist-hip ratio (WHR) to CAC in 2951 African American and white young adultsfromtheCoronaryArteryRiskDevelopmentinYoungAdults Study. Design: The present study was a cross-sectional and observational cohort study. Using standardized protocols, we measured CAC in 2001-2002byusingcomputedtomographyandmeasuredwaistand hipgirthsin1985-1986(baseline),1995-1996(year10),and2001- 2002 (year 15, waist girth only). CAC was classified as present or

Chong-Do Lee; David R Jacobs Jr; Pamela J Schreiner; Carlos Iribarren; Arlene Hankinson

265

Sudden unexpected death in young adults with chronic hydrocephalus  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present four cases of sudden unexpected death in young adults with chronic hydrocephalus. The patients were between 20\\u000a and 28 years of age and had suffered from aqueduct stenosis (two patients), spina bifida in combination with Arnold-Chiari\\u000a malformation (type II) and fragile X-syndrome. The patients suddenly collapsed with cardiorespiratory failure and could not\\u000a be resuscitated and none had a

C. H. Rickert; F. Grabellus; K. Varchmin-Schultheiß; H. Stöß; W. Paulus

2001-01-01

266

Does young adult suicide cluster geographically in Scotland?  

PubMed Central

Background Suicide rose dramatically among young adults in Scotland between 1980–1982 and 1999–2001, especially among those living in deprived areas. Objective To determine whether there are statistically significant geographical clusters of suicide and undetermined deaths among those aged 15 to 44 years in Scotland, and whether these persist through time. Methods Deaths from suicide and undetermined causes by young adults in Scotland for three periods—1980 to 1982, 1990 to 1992, and 1999 to 2001—were aggregated into 10?058 small areas for Scotland. Tests for significant (p<0.05) geographical clustering of suicide were carried out for each period separately. Methods of suicide inside the identified clusters were compared with those in the rest of Scotland. Results A significant geographical cluster of suicide among young adults was identified in east Glasgow in all three time periods (involving 92, 159, and 245 cases). Compared with the rest of Scotland, significantly more deaths in these clusters were caused by poisoning from liquids or solids over the entire period, but this was not the case in the most recent period (1999 to 2001). All three clusters could be explained by the concentration of socioeconomic deprivation in this part of Scotland. Conclusions One interpretation of this large, persistent, and statistically significant cluster of suicides among young adults in east Glasgow is that suicide is geographically contagious, but the present results suggest that it is explained by the concentration of deprivation in this area. Suicide prevention strategies targeting at?risk populations living in east Glasgow are necessary to reduce the suicide burden in Scotland.

Exeter, Daniel J; Boyle, Paul J

2007-01-01

267

Vegetarian and Weight-Loss Diets among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Young adults frequently experiment with vegetarian and weight-loss diets. Comparisons of their experiences on these two different diets may help in the development of approaches to improve long-term adherence to weight-loss regimens. In the current study vegetarian and weight-loss diets were compared on how long and how strictly they were followed, and reasons why they were initiated and discontinued.Research

Cheryl F. Smith; Lora E. Burke; Rena R. Wing

2000-01-01

268

Ecstasy-induced recurrent toxic hepatitis in a young adult  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), otherwise known as “ecstasy,” is a synthetic amphetamine that produces euphoria, increases sociability and energy, and is often used as a “weekend” recreational drug by young adults.CASE SUMMARY: A 23-year-old male (height, 184 cm; weight, 68 kg) presented to the emergency department of Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, with jaundice and nausea lasting for 6

Ozlem Guneysel; Ozge Ecmel Onur; Haldun Akoglu; Arzu Denizbasi

2008-01-01

269

Effects of glucose on memory processes in young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies suggest that glucose enhances memory in rodents and humans. The present experiment investigated the effects of glucose on memory performance and blood glucose changes in young adults (19–25 years). Subjects ingested (300 ml beverage) three doses of glucose (0, 30, 100 g) in a random, double-blind, triple crossover design. Thirty minutes post-glucose, subjects were shown nouns on a

Nina P. Azari

1991-01-01

270

Ototoxicity of Tobramycin in Young Adult and Old Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the possible age-dependent ototoxic effects of tobramycin a subacute toxicity study was performed. To young adult (3 months) and old (27–30 months) female Wag-Rij rats 0, 10, 40, and 160 mg tobramycin sulfate\\/kg was administered subcutaneously in two doses a day. After 14 days all animals were autopsied. The cochlea was fixed by perfusion through the opened oval

J. A. M. A. Dormans; G. W. M. Peters-Volleberg; P. M. Dortant; G. J. A. Speijers

1996-01-01

271

Head-in-motion contusions in young adults.  

PubMed

The pathogenesis of contusions was studied in a series of acute fatal closed head injuries. Important factors include: 1. whether the head was in motion or stationary; 2. the direction and magnitude of the force; 3. the presence of depressed fractures and lacerations; and 4. roughness of the overlying bone. In the young adult group, the frequent high velocity motor vehicle accidents create a dominant pattern of injury to the frontal and temporal lobes, usually sparing the occipital lobes and cerebellum. PMID:6581699

Kirkpatrick, J B

1983-01-01

272

Delay of gratification in young adults with Down syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-one young adults (17-23 years of age) with Down syndrome participated in two self-imposed delay of gratifi cation trials. Thirty-six and forty-eight percent waited for the experimenter to return (15 minutes) on Trials 1 and 2 respectively, and thirty-six percent waited for the experimenter on both occasions. Expressive language differentiated those who waited from those who did not. A discriminant

Monica Cuskelly; Maria Einam; Anne Jobling

2001-01-01

273

Genetic susceptibility of intervertebral disc degeneration among young Finnish adults  

PubMed Central

Background Disc degeneration (DD) is a common condition that progresses with aging. Although the events leading to DD are not well understood, a significant genetic influence has been found. This study was undertaken to assess the association between relevant candidate gene polymorphisms and moderate DD in a well-defined and characterized cohort of young adults. Focusing on young age can be valuable in determining genetic predisposition to DD. Methods We investigated the associations of existing candidate genes for DD among 538 young adults with a mean age of 19 belonging to the 1986 Northern Finland Birth Cohort. Nineteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in 16 genes were genotyped. We evaluated lumbar DD using the modified Pfirrmann classification and a 1.5-T magnetic resonance scanner for imaging. Results Of the 538 individuals studied, 46% had no degeneration, while 54% had DD and 51% of these had moderate DD. The risk of DD was significantly higher in subjects with an allele G of IL6 SNPs rs1800795 (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.07-1.96) and rs1800797 (OR 1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.85) in the additive inheritance model. The role of IL6 was further supported by the haplotype analysis, which resulted in an association between the GGG haplotype (SNPs rs1800797, rs1800796 and rs1800795) and DD with an OR of 1.51 (95% CI 1.11-2.04). In addition, we observed an association between DD and two other polymorphisms, SKT rs16924573 (OR 0.27 95% CI 0.07-0.96) and CILP rs2073711 in women (OR 2.04, 95% CI 1.07-3.89). Conclusion Our results indicate that IL6, SKT and CILP are involved in the etiology of DD among young adults.

2011-01-01

274

Personality predictors of intelligence: Differences between young and cognitively healthy older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous investigations of personality–intelligence relationships have sampled mainly young adults. The present study compared young and older groups in identifying personality predictors of cognitive abilities. A sample of 381 adults was administered the Woodcock–Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities and the Big Five Inventory-44. Participants were separated into three groups: young adults (aged 19–60), older adults that were cognitively comparable

Thomas J. Baker; Jacqueline Bichsel

2006-01-01

275

Coronary risk factors measured in childhood and young adult life are associated with coronary artery calcification in young adults: The muscatine study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of coronary artery calcification in young adult men and women and to examine the association between the presence of coronary artery calcification and coronary risk factors measured in childhood and young adult life.Background. Electron beam computed tomography is a sensitive, noninvasive method for detecting coronary artery calcification, a marker of the

Larry T. Mahoney; Trudy L. Burns; William Stanford; Brad H. Thompson; John D. Witt; Catherine A. Rost; Ronald M. Lauer

1996-01-01

276

Ultimate erythropoietic repopulating abilities of fetal, young adult, and old adult cells compared using repeated irradiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erythropoietic repopulating abilities of fetal liver cells and young and old adult marrow cells were compared as follows: Equal numbers of cells from a donor of each age were mixed with a constant portion of cells pooled from genetically distinguishable competitors. These mixtures were transplanted into stem cell-depleted recipients, and the proportions of recipient hemoglobin that were donor type measured

DAVID E. HARRISON; CLINTON M. ASTLE; CHARLES LERNER

1984-01-01

277

Vowel perception by noise masked normal-hearing young adults  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined vowel perception by young normal-hearing (YNH) adults, in various listening conditions designed to simulate mild-to-moderate sloping sensorineural hearing loss. YNH listeners were individually age- and gender-matched to young hearing-impaired (YHI) listeners tested in a previous study [Richie et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114, 2923-2933 (2003)]. YNH listeners were tested in three conditions designed to create equal audibility with the YHI listeners; a low signal level with and without a simulated hearing loss, and a high signal level with a simulated hearing loss. Listeners discriminated changes in synthetic vowel tokens /smcapi e ? invv æ/ when F1 or F2 varied in frequency. Comparison of YNH with YHI results failed to reveal significant differences between groups in terms of performance on vowel discrimination, in conditions of similar audibility by using both noise masking to elevate the hearing thresholds of the YNH and applying frequency-specific gain to the YHI listeners. Further, analysis of learning curves suggests that while the YHI listeners completed an average of 46% more test blocks than YNH listeners, the YHI achieved a level of discrimination similar to that of the YNH within the same number of blocks. Apparently, when age and gender are closely matched between young hearing-impaired and normal-hearing adults, performance on vowel tasks may be explained by audibility alone.

Richie, Carolyn; Kewley-Port, Diane; Coughlin, Maureen

2005-08-01

278

Drinking motives, drinking restraint and drinking behaviour among young adults.  

PubMed

Motives to drink alcohol are widely thought to be the proximal cognitive factors involved in the decision to consume alcohol beverages. However it has also been argued that the ability to restrain drinking may be a more proximal predictor of drinking behaviour. The current study aimed to examine the relationships between drinking motives, drinking restraint and both alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in a sample of young adults. A sample of 221 young adults (aged 17-34 years) completed self-report measures assessing drinking behaviour, motives for drinking and drinking restraint. Multiple regression analyses revealed that coping, enhancement and social motives were related to alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems, while Cognitive and Emotional Preoccupation with drinking was related to all criterion variables. Further, the relationship between coping motives and drinking behaviour was mediated by preoccupation with drinking. The results are discussed in light of the roles of drinking motives and drinking restraint in risky drinking among young people, and implications for prevention and early intervention are presented. PMID:19775821

Lyvers, Michael; Hasking, Penelope; Hani, Riana; Rhodes, Madolyn; Trew, Emily

2009-09-11

279

Moon orientation in adult and young sandhoppers under artificial light  

PubMed Central

Our experiments, carried out at night and during the day on adults and laboratory-born young of the sandhopper Talitrus saltator, deal with the identification and use of the moon as an orientating factor. Sandhoppers were released in an apparatus (a Plexiglas dome) that produced a scenario similar to the natural one (with artificial sky, moon or sun illuminated at different intensities). When tested at night, the adult and young sandhoppers used the artificial moon like the natural one, independently of the intensity of illumination of the artificial sky and moon. In other words, sandhoppers tested at night always identified the artificial moon as the moon and never as the sun. In daytime releases, the seaward orientation failed at low intensities of artificial sky and sun illumination (3.07 and 1.55??W?cm2, respectively), whereas the sun compass was used effectively at higher levels of artificial sun and sky illumination. The innate ability of moon compass orientation in inexpert young sandhoppers was demonstrated even under artificial light.

Ugolini, Alberto; Boddi, Vieri; Mercatelli, Luca; Castellini, Carlo

2005-01-01

280

Psychiatric and Addictive Symptoms of Young Adult Female Indoor Tanners.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose . Indoor tanning (IT) increases risk for melanoma and is particularly common among young adult women. IT has also been linked with some psychiatric symptoms, and frequent tanning may indicate tanning dependence (addiction) associated with endorphin release during ultraviolet radiation exposure. The objective of the current study was to investigate associations between IT, tanning dependence, and psychiatric and substance use symptoms in young adult women. Design . Cross-sectional survey and psychiatric interview. Setting . Online, except for the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI), which was completed over the telephone. Subjects . Participants were 306 female university students aged 18 to 25 years. Measures . MINI, Seasonal Scale Index, tanning dependence scales, reporting ever having used a tanning bed or booth with tanning lamps (single item), reporting smoking a cigarette in the last 30 days (single item). Analysis . Descriptive statistics, ?(2) analysis, multivariate logistic regression. Results . Forty-six percent of the sample reported a history of IT, and 25% were classified as tanning dependent. Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed that IT was significantly associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders, generalized anxiety, and not having social anxiety. Tanning dependence was associated with symptoms of alcohol use disorders. Conclusion . Tanning is of concern not only for its association with skin cancer but for its association with psychiatric and substance use symptoms. Young women with certain psychological problems may seek relief from their symptoms by IT. These findings suggest that indoor tanners may benefit from health behavior and other psychosocial interventions. PMID:23621780

Heckman, Carolyn J; Cohen-Filipic, Jessye; Darlow, Susan; Kloss, Jacqueline D; Manne, Sharon L; Munshi, Teja

2013-04-26

281

Overwhelmed and Immobilized: Raising the Consciousness of Privileged Young Adults about World Hunger and Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, I compared the shifts in worldview of affluent young adults participating in a course on social justice issues to a control group of similar young adults. In this course, participating students learned about the size, scope, causes, and impact of world hunger and global poverty. However, an analysis of pre- and postsurvey data revealed that the young

Scott Seider

2009-01-01

282

School Ecologies and Attitudes about Exclusionary Behavior among Adolescents and Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of 643 adolescents and 474 young adults explored relationships among young people's observations and opinions of exclusionary behavior and their reports of whether exclusion affects their social and academic adjustment. Findings indicated that, unlike young adults, adolescents' perceptions of, and attitudes about, school ecologies…

Thorkildsen, Theresa A.; Reese, Deborah; Corsino, Alison

2002-01-01

283

Elder respect among young adults: A cross-cultural study of Americans and Koreans  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been little research on the way in which the young respect the elderly, let alone on the issue of cross-cultural differences in elder respect. This study, comparing young adults in the United States and young Korean adults in East Asia, explores the specific behavioral forms of elder respect that are cross-culturally equivalent and other forms that are culture

Kyu-taik Sung

2004-01-01

284

Young adults with learning disabilities: a study of psychosocial functioning at transition to adult services.  

PubMed

A study of the psychosocial functioning of young adults with a history of learning disability (LD) in childhood is reported. The design was a non-clinic community follow-up investigation of a cohort of children who had received special education, the sample frame for which was a birth-period cohort survey. Participants were 149 young adults (89 males and 60 females derived from a survey of the 33,800 children born in the Cambridge Health District between 1967 and 1973) at the stage of transition to adult services (age 18-22y), whose measured IQ scores in childhood were <80, and who had received special education during school years. Most of the young adults were living at home (n=108) and many were in full-time employment (independent employment n=41, sheltered employment n=20), this survey having been carried out in an area of high employment. A strong correlation was found between the child IQ score and subsequent adult Vineland Scale Score. Greater efforts should be made to detect and assess LD and its attendant problems in children in order to plan future care and transition to adulthood, especially for those with more severe disabilities. PMID:16483395

O'Brien, Gregory

2006-03-01

285

Psychosocial Correlates of Sunburn among Young Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Skin cancer is an increasingly common disease, particularly among young adult women. Sunburn early in life is a risk factor for skin cancer. Few studies have reported on psychosocial correlates of sunburn. The current study consisted of an online survey of undergraduate women from a university in the northeastern part of the USA. A logistic regression demonstrated that young women who reported a history of four or more sunburns were significantly more likely to report fair skin, higher perceived susceptibility to skin cancer, greater perceived benefits of tanning (e.g., appearance enhancement), lower perceived control over skin protection, and more frequent sunscreen use. Sunbathing was not associated with a greater number of sunburns. These results suggest that young women who sunburn more often possess other skin cancer risk factors, are aware of their susceptibility to skin cancer, and try to use sunscreen, but feel limited control over their skin protection behavior and are not less likely to sunbathe than others. Therefore, interventions are needed to assist high risk young women in asserting more control over their sun protection behavior and perhaps improve the effectiveness of the sunscreen or other skin protection methods they do employ.

Heckman, Carolyn J.; Darlow, Susan; Cohen-Filipic, Jessye; Kloss, Jacqueline D.; Munshi, Teja; Perlis, Clifford S.

2012-01-01

286

Transitioning to adult health care facilities for young adults with a chronic condition.  

PubMed

Youth with chronic conditions and special health care needs are surviving into adulthood. In certain circumstances, these youth may choose to remain with their pediatricians for their health care needs. However, most youth will require complex coordinated care in order for them to live full and productive lives to the best that they are able. Issues such as independence and dependence, educational and vocational choices, and insurance are important in transitioning to an adult-focused system of health care. This article addresses strategies that will assist young adults with the process of transitioning from pediatric care centers to adult health care centers. Despite the importance of providing a transition program, few transition programs exist for young people with chronic conditions (Sawyer, Blair, & Bowes, 1997). This article will also discuss barriers to the transition process. PMID:12025316

Lewis-Gary, M D

287

Personal motivation, exercise, and smoking behaviors among young adults.  

PubMed

This study explored the motivational factors that influence individuals across the stages of change for exercise. The authors compared physically active nonsmokers with physically active smokers in a college student population. Half of regular exercisers identified themselves as smokers. Compared with their nonsmoking peers, young smokers have higher rates of physical and emotional distress. Those participants who exercise and do not smoke are more likely to exhibit intrinsic factors for exercise. Undergraduate psychology students (N = 614) completed an Internet survey on exercise and smoking behavior as well as motivational factors for exercise. Multivariate analyses of variance revealed that intrinsic motivational factors for exercise were significantly higher for the active nonsmokers than for the active smokers. Interventions promoting consistent exercise and smoking abstinence should continue to be directed toward young adults, focusing on fostering intrinsic motivational factors for exercise. PMID:19433377

Scioli, Erica Rose; Biller, Henry; Rossi, Joseph; Riebe, Deborah

2009-01-01

288

Sedative Music Facilitates Deep Sleep in Young Adults.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives: To investigate the effect of sedative music on the different stages of the sleep cycle in young adults with various sleep latencies by using polysomnography (PSG). Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled, crossover study. Setting: Sleep center of a teaching hospital. Participants: Young adults with different sleep latencies. Poor sleepers (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score ?5) were excluded. Interventions: Each participant stayed one night in the sleep center for adaptation and on each of the following two nights was assigned to (1) music and (2) control (without music) conditions in random order. In the music condition, sedative music composed by certified music therapists was played on a compact disc player for the first hour the participant was in bed. Outcome measures: Sleep measures recorded with PSG, including sleep latency and durations of sleep stages. Results: Twenty-four young adults (mean±standard deviation, 24.5±2.6 years) participated. They were classified into the short sleep latency (SL) group if the baseline SL of the adaptation night was shorter than 10 minutes or into the long SL group if the baseline SL was 10 minutes or longer. Sedative music did not alter the SL in either group. Sedative music reduced stage II sleep in both SL groups (main effect of music, p=0.03; interaction effect, p=0.87) but increased the duration of deep sleep (stages III and IV) only in the long SL group (main effect of music, p=0.15; interaction effect, p=0.02). Conclusions: In participants with long SL, sedative music improved the quality of sleep by prolonging the duration of deep sleep. This effect provides an alternative and noninvasive way to improve sleep in selected persons experiencing sleep problems. PMID:23663079

Chen, Chih-Kuang; Pei, Yu-Cheng; Chen, Ning-Hung; Huang, Li-Ting; Chou, Shih-Wei; Wu, Katie P; Ko, Pei-Chih; Wong, Alice M K; Wu, Chih-Kuan

2013-05-10

289

Dimensions of Self-Report about Everyday Memory in Young and Older Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigated relationship between aspects of memory self-report, objective memory, attitude toward intellectual aging, self-rated health, and self-rated depression in young and older adults. Older adults reported significantly more frequent failures in everyday memory, but less discomfort with failures, than did young adults. Frequency,…

Erber, Joan T.; And Others

1992-01-01

290

Math and Numeracy in Young Adults With Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmental stability of poor math skill was studied in 31 young adults with spina bifida and hydrocephalus (SBH), a neurodevelopmental disorder involving mal- formations of the brain and spinal cord. Longitudinally, individuals with poor math problem solving as children grew into adults with poor problem solving and limited functional numeracy. As a group, young adults with SBH had poor

Maureen Dennis; Marcia Barnes

2002-01-01

291

Dimensions of Self-Report about Everyday Memory in Young and Older Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated relationship between aspects of memory self-report, objective memory, attitude toward intellectual aging, self-rated health, and self-rated depression in young and older adults. Older adults reported significantly more frequent failures in everyday memory, but less discomfort with failures, than did young adults. Frequency,…

Erber, Joan T.; And Others

1992-01-01

292

Recollections of Being Loved: Implications of Childhood Experiences with Parents for Young Adults' Romantic Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the extent to which young adults recollections of their childhood experiences with parents were associated with their reported feelings and behavior in romantic relationships. Participants were 205 young adults. Based on a question from the Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan, & Main, 1996), participants wrote…

Black, Katherine A.; Schutte, Emily D.

2006-01-01

293

Young Adults with Behavioral DisordersA Comparison with Peers with Mild Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adult adjustment 3 years after graduation of individuals with mild disabilities, with specific emphasis on individuals with behavioral disorders, was investigated in this study. Of the initial statewide random sample of 561 graduates from resource programs, 473 were interviewed: 24 young adults with behavioral disorders, 374 young adults with learning disabilities, and 75 individuals with mental disabilities. Data are

Alan R. Frank; Patricia L. Sitlington; Rori R. Carson

1995-01-01

294

National Survey Results on Drug Use from the Monitoring the Future Study, 1975-1995. Volume 2. College Students and Young Adults.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Introduction to Volume II; Overview of Key Findings; Study Design and Procedures; Prevalence of Drug Use Among Young Adults; Trends in Drug Use among Young Adults; Attitudes and Beliefs About Drugs Among Young Adults; The Social Milieu for Young...

L. D. Johnston P. M. O'Malley J. G. Bachman

1997-01-01

295

Need for Health Behavior Interventions for Young Adult Cancer Survivors  

PubMed Central

Objectives To assess the relationship between modifiable health risks (eg, unhealthy diet) and interest in interventions in a sample of young adult cancer survivors (YACS). Methods Sixty YACS, aged 18 to 40, completed surveys. Results Few met recommendations for diet, exercise, or weight (ie, body mass index, BMI). Participants expressed interest in several health behavior programs, and there was a significant relationship between BMI and interest in weight loss. Conclusions Findings suggest that YACS are interested in and may benefit from healthy lifestyle interventions.

Rabin, Carolyn; Politi, Mary

2010-01-01

296

Celiac Disease: Similar Presentations in the Elderly and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aims  Studies have shown that celiac disease can affect individuals in all age groups. However, few studies have described the disease\\u000a in the elderly. The goal of this study is to characterize celiac disease in the elderly by comparing to a population of young\\u000a adults with celiac disease.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Review of a tertiary center database of patients with celiac disease was performed

Rupa Mukherjee; Ikenna Egbuna; Pardeep Brar; Lincoln Hernandez; Donald J. McMahon; Elizabeth J. Shane; Govind Bhagat; Peter H. R. Green

2010-01-01

297

Melanoma in Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Patients  

PubMed Central

The family practitioner, pediatrician, and dermatologist each have potential roles in the primary prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of localized thin melanomas. Surgical and medical oncologists are often involved when controversy arises over the nature of the skin lesion or whether sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsies and adjuvant therapy are to be contemplated. This overview of melanoma will deal with the primary and nodal pathology, surgery, and medical therapy of melanoma in pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients—and will raise areas of controversy that are only recently being addressed in databases of cases from this age group.

Kirkwood, John M.; Jukic, Drazen; Averbook, Bruce J.; Sender, Leonard S.

2009-01-01

298

Factors associated with condom use among young adult ecstasy users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This paper examines the prevalence of and the factors associated with condom use in a sample of 283 young adult ecstasy users.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The study, which relied upon targeted sampling and ethnographic mapping, took place between 2002 and 2004. It entailed conducting\\u000a two-hour-long, face-to-face interviews in the Atlanta, Georgia metropolitan area.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Condom use was inconsistent; only 35.2% of all sex acts

Kirk W. Elifson; Hugh Klein; Claire E. Sterk

2010-01-01

299

Conservative Management of a Young Adult with Hip Arthrosis  

PubMed Central

Study Design Case report Background Clinical practice guidelines regarding the conservative management of degenerative hip conditions in older adults routinely incorporate therapeutic exercise and manual therapy. However, the application of these recommendations to young, active adults is less clear. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of a young adult with advanced hip arthrosis using a multi-faceted rehabilitation program. Case Description A 28-year old female with severe left hip degeneration per diagnostic imaging was referred to physical therapy. Reduced hip range of motion and strength, sacroiliac joint asymmetries, and a modified Harris Hip Score of 76 were observed. She was seen for 12 visits over a 3-month period and treated with an individualized program including manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and neuromuscular re-education. Outcome Substantial improvements were noted in pain, hip range of motion and strength and function (modified Harris Hip Score of 97). In addition, she discontinued the use of anti-inflammatory medications and returned to her prior level of activity. Improvements were maintained at a 3 month follow up, with symptom recurrence managed using a self mobilization technique to the left hip and massage to the left iliopsoas. Discussion Degenerative hip conditions are common among older adults but are relatively rare in the younger population. Although it is likely that this patient will experience a return of her symptoms and functional limitations as her hip disease progresses, the immediate improvements may delay the need for eventual surgical management. These outcomes suggest that physical therapy management should be considered in those with an early onset of degenerative hip disease and are consistent with results previously reported in the older population. Level of Evidence Therapy, Level 4

Cook, Kyle M.; Heiderscheit, Bryan

2010-01-01

300

Impact of Breakfast Consumption on Nutritional Adequacy of the Diets of Young Adults in Bogalusa, Louisiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To evaluate the impact of breakfast consumption patterns on the nutritional adequacy of diets of young adults and determine possible ethnic and gender differences.Design and setting Cross-sectional survey of young adults in Bogalusa, La.Subjects Twenty-four-hour dietary recalls were collected from October 1988 through October 1991 on 504 young adults (mean age=23 years, 58% women, 70% white).Statistics Analysis of variance

THERESA A NICKLAS; LEANN MYERS; CHRISTINA REGER; BETTINA BEECH; GERALD S BERENSON

1998-01-01

301

Does Breakfast Consumption Affect Nutritional Adequacy of the Diets of Young Adults?  

Microsoft Academic Search

LEARNING OUTCOME: To describe the impact of breakfast consumption on the nutritional adequacy of the diets of young adults.Breakfast consumption patterns of 504 young adults (x age: 23yrs.; 58% female, 70% white) were examined using the 24-hour dietary recall. Consumption patterns were then related to mean daily nutrient intake. Thirty-seven percent of young adults skipped breakfast. For those who ate

C. Reger; T. Nicklas; L. Myers; B. Beech; G. Berenson

1997-01-01

302

Examining Representations of Young Adult Female Protagonists through Critical Race Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the ways in which the professional literature—by scholars, educators and reviewers—represents young adult female protagonists and approaches sexism. Drawing on critical race feminist theory, the author finds that recommended young adult female protagonists are still overwhelmingly white, middle?class and heterosexual. Despite descriptors such as ‘strong’, ‘gutsy’, ‘feisty’ and ‘independent’, the young adult female protagonists that are recommended

2007-01-01

303

Cognitive Flexibility as a Mediator of Family Communication Environments and Young Adults' Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, cognitive flexibility was tested as a mediator of family communication environments (i.e., family expressiveness, structural traditionalism, and avoidance of conflict) and young adults' well-being (i.e., self-esteem, mental health, and physical health). Participants included 395 young adults from first-marriage and postdivorce families. Using structural equation modeling, the results revealed that family expressiveness positively predicted young adults' cognitive flexibility,

Joy Koesten; Paul Schrodt; Debra J. Ford

2009-01-01

304

Perceived History of Anaphylaxis and Parental Overprotection, Autonomy, Anxiety, and Depression in Food Allergic Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined autonomy, anxiety, depression, and perceptions of parental behavior in 86 food allergic young adults and\\u000a 344 healthy young adults between the ages of 18 and 22. Participants completed an online survey measuring self-reported autonomy,\\u000a anxiety, depression, and perceptions of parental behavior. Results indicated that, as a group, food allergic young adults\\u000a did not differ from healthy peers.

Linda J. Herbert; Lynnda M. Dahlquist

2008-01-01

305

Young adult stimulant users' increased striatal activation during uncertainty is related to impulsivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Young adults who use stimulants (e.g., cocaine, amphetamines) are at particular risk of transitioning to dependence. Previously, we demonstrated increased risk-taking in young adults who had used stimulants (Leland, D.S., Paulus, M.P., 2005. Increased risk-taking decision-making but not altered response to punishment in stimulant-using young adults. Drug. Alcohol Depend. 78, 83-90). Since outcome uncertainty is a critical element of

David S. Leland; Estibaliz Arce; Justin S. Feinstein; Martin P. Paulus

2006-01-01

306

Major depressive disorder symptoms in male and female young adults.  

PubMed

This research aimed to compare the prevalence rates of major depressive disorder (MDD) and to differentiate the presence and severity of depressive symptoms between women and men aged 18-24?years. In this population-based, cross-sectional study (n?=?1560), young adults were screened with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for MDD (n?=?137). Participants then completed a self-report questionnaire to gather sociodemographic data, and the presence of each symptom of depression was assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory. The proportion of women (12.2%) with MDD was higher than that of men (5.3%). The symptoms of depression found to be significantly more prevalent in women were sadness, crying, difficulty making decisions, and lack of energy, as well as self-criticism, irritability, changes in self-image, work difficulty, and loss of interest in sex. Sadness and self-criticism were significantly more severe in women than in men. The presentation of depressive symptoms in young adults with MDD differed between men and women. PMID:23651450

Molina, Mariane Acosta Lopez; Jansen, Karen; Drews, Cláudio; Pinheiro, Ricardo; Silva, Ricardo; Souza, Luciano

2013-05-01

307

The Role of Personality Characteristics in Young Adult Driving  

PubMed Central

Background Motor vehicle injury is the major cause of mortality among young adults. Information about the individual characteristics of those who drive dangerously could enhance traffic safety programs. The goal of this research was to examine the association between various personality-related characteristics and risky driving behaviors. Methods Young adults in Michigan, USA (n = 5,362) were surveyed by telephone regarding several personality factors (risk-taking, hostility, aggression, tolerance of deviance, achievement expectations) and driving behaviors (competitive driving, risk-taking driving, high-risk driving, aggressive driving, and drink/driving). Michigan driver records were obtained to examine offenses, serious offenses, driving offense points, crashes and serious crashes in the three pre-interview years. Multivariate regression analyses, adjusting for age, race, and marital status were conducted separately by sex to identify personality factors related to driving. Results For men and women, greater risk-taking propensity, physical/verbal hostility, aggression, and tolerance of deviance were significant predictors of a competitive attitude toward driving, risk-taking driving, high-risk driving, driving aggression, and drink/driving. Greater risk-taking propensity, physical/verbal hostility, aggression, and to a small degree, expectations for achievement predicted higher numbers of offenses, serious offenses, and points. Conclusion Traffic safety policies and programs could be enhanced through recognition of the role personality factors play in driving behavior and the incorporation of this knowledge into the design and implementation of interventions that modify the behaviors associated with them.

PATIL, SUJATA M.; SHOPE, JEAN THATCHER; RAGHUNATHAN, TRIVELLORE E.; BINGHAM, C. RAYMOND

2007-01-01

308

Young adult drinking-driving: behavioral and psychosocial correlates.  

PubMed

Behavioral and psychosocial correlates of drinking and driving were examined in two independent samples of licensed drivers aged 18 to 25 selected from the Colorado Division of Motor Vehicles database. Mail questionnaires were returned by 2,300 young adults (1,196 in Sample 1; 1,104 in Sample 2). Structural equation modeling was used to examine the relation of a latent-variable measure of drinking-driving to latent-variable measures of other driving behaviors, problem behaviors and psychosocial variables. Drinking-driving, drug-driving and risky driving were found to comprise a more general, second-order factor of problem driving behavior. Drinking-driving was also found to constitute one aspect of a larger second-order latent variable that included problem drinking, marijuana use, other illicit drug use and delinquent-type behavior. In combination, the variables of problem driving, other problem behaviors, psychosocial unconventionality, risk-taking and hostility/aggression accounted for 57% of the variance in young adult drinking-driving. All of these Sample 1 findings were buttressed by confirmatory analyses in the independent Sample 2 data. The conclusion can be drawn that drinking-driving is part of a more general lifestyle involving behavior and psychosocial unconventionality. PMID:8412150

Donovan, J E

1993-09-01

309

Motivational and mindfulness intervention for young adult female marijuana users.  

PubMed

This pilot study tested the efficacy of a brief intervention using motivational interviewing (MI) plus mindfulness meditation (MM) to reduce marijuana use among young adult females. Thirty-four female marijuana users between the ages of 18 and 29 were randomized to either the intervention group (n = 22), consisting of two sessions of MI-MM, or an assessment-only control group (n = 12). The participants' marijuana use was assessed at baseline and at 1, 2, and 3 months posttreatment. Fixed-effects regression modeling was used to analyze treatment effects. Participants randomized to the intervention group were found to use marijuana on 6.15 (z = -2.42, p = .015), 7.81 (z = -2.78, p = .005), and 6.83 (z = -2.23, p = .026) fewer days at Months 1, 2, and 3, respectively, than controls. Findings from this pilot study provide preliminary evidence for the feasibility and effectiveness of a brief MI-MM for young adult female marijuana users. PMID:21940136

de Dios, Marcel A; Herman, Debra S; Britton, Willoughby B; Hagerty, Claire E; Anderson, Bradley J; Stein, Michael D

2011-09-21

310

Psychological predictors of young adults' use of social networking sites.  

PubMed

Young people are increasingly using social networking sites (SNSs) like MySpace and Facebook to engage with others. The use of SNSs can have both positive and negative effects on the individual; however, few studies identify the types of people who frequent these Internet sites. This study sought to predict young adults' use of SNSs and addictive tendency toward the use of SNSs from their personality characteristics and levels of self-esteem. University students (N = 201), aged 17 to 24 years, reported their use of SNSs and addictive tendencies for SNSs use and completed the NEO Five-Factor Personality Inventory and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Multiple regression analyses revealed that, as a group, the personality and self-esteem factors significantly predicted both level of SNS use and addictive tendency but did not explain a large amount of variance in either outcome measure. The findings indicated that extroverted and unconscientious individuals reported higher levels of both SNS use and addictive tendencies. Future research should attempt to identify which other psychosocial characteristics explain young people's level of use and propensity for addictive tendencies for these popular Internet sites. PMID:20528274

Wilson, Kathryn; Fornasier, Stephanie; White, Katherine M

2010-04-01

311

A Closer Look at Smoking Among Young Adults: Where Tobacco Control Should Focus Its Attention  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We sought to fill gaps in knowledge of smoking behaviors among college-educated and non–college-educated young adults. Methods. We used data from the 2003 Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey to analyze smoking behaviors among young adults aged 18–24 years and older young adults aged 25–34 years by college status (enrolled, or with a degree, but not enrolled) and other measures of socioeconomic position. Results. Current smoking prevalence among US young adults aged 18–24 years who are not enrolled in college or who do not have a college degree was 30%. This was more than twice the current smoking prevalence among college-educated young adults (14%). Non–college-educated young adults were more likely than were college-educated young adults to start smoking at a younger age and were less likely to have made a quit attempt, although no differences were found in their intentions to quit. Higher rates of smoking in the non–college-educated population were also evident in the slightly older age group. Conclusions. Non–college-educated young adults smoke at more than twice the rate of their college-educated counterparts. Targeted prevention and cessation efforts are needed for non–college-educated young adults to prevent excess morbidity and mortality in later years.

Green, Molly P.; McCausland, Kristen L.; Xiao, Haijun; Duke, Jennifer C.; Vallone, Donna M.; Healton, Cheryl G.

2007-01-01

312

Educational and Recreational Services of the Public Library for Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the concept of young adult services in public libraries, concentrating on lack of adequate professional personnel and training, administrative rigidity, and future directions for these services. (CWM)|

Chelton, Mary K.

1978-01-01

313

Ischemic stroke in young adults: classification and risk factors.  

PubMed

Our aim was to analyze an important subgroup represented by young adult patients (19-45 years) with acute ischemic stroke according to stroke classification (including the novel ASCO score), infarct types and risk factors. All patients up to 45 years of age with an acute ischemic stroke confirmed by MRI and treated in our stroke unit from 2006 to 2009 were recruited for this study. Patients were neurologically examined and underwent thorough stroke work-up. One hundred four patients (58 women, 46 men) with a mean age of 38 ± 6.9 years were evaluated. The mean NIHSS score (±SD) was 3 ± 5 on admission and 1 ± 4 on discharge. The classification using TOAST/ASCO (grade 1) was as follows: Macroangiopathic 10.6%/8.7%, cardiac origin 21.2%/10.6%, microangiopathic 9.6%/9.6%, other causes 19.2%/13.5% and undetermined 39.4%/19.2% (for A0S0C0O0). The most common risk factors were smoking (55.2%), hypertension (31.4%) and hyperlipidemia (27.6%). Twenty nine of 74 patients with TEE (39.2%) had a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Hypoplastic posterior circulation (21.9%) and migraine (21.0%) were also quite common. Young adult ischemic stroke patients share many of the characteristic risk factors with the general elderly ischemic stroke population. If regular work-up includes TEE, a high percentage of young patients reveal comorbidities with PFO, hypoplasia of the posterior circulation and migraine. The ASCO classification should be favored for a better classification of coexisting stroke subtypes and lower number of undetermined etiologies in this patient group. PMID:21927959

Chatzikonstantinou, Anastasios; Wolf, Marc E; Hennerici, Michael G

2011-09-17

314

Young Adult Eating and Food-Purchasing Patterns  

PubMed Central

Background Young adulthood is a critical age for weight gain, yet scant research has examined modifiable contextual influences on weight that could inform age-appropriate interventions. Purpose The aims of this research included: (1) describing where young adults eat and purchase food, including distance from home, and (2) estimating the percentage of eating/purchasing locations contained within GIS-generated buffers traditionally used in research. Methods Forty-eight participants (aged 18–23 years, n=27 women) represented diverse lifestyle groups. Participants logged characteristics of all eating/drinking occasions (including location) occurring over 7 days (n=1237) using PDAs. Participants recorded addresses for stores where they purchased food to bring home. Using GIS, estimates were made of distances between participants’ homes and eating/purchasing locations. Data collection occurred in 2008–2009 and data analysis occurred in 2010. Results Among participants living independently or with family (n=36), 59.1% of eating occasions were at home. Away-from-home eating locations averaged 6.7 miles from home; food- shopping locations averaged 3.1 miles from home. Only 12% of away-from-home eating occasions fell within ½-mile residential buffers, versus 17% within 1 mile and 34% within 2 miles. Additionally, 12%, 19%, and 58% of shopping trips fell within these buffers, respectively. Results were similar for participants residing in dormitories. Conclusions Young adults often purchase and eat food outside of commonly used GIS-generated buffers around their homes. This suggests the need for a broader understanding of their food environments.

Laska, Melissa Nelson; Graham, Dan J.; Moe, Stacey G.; Van Riper, David

2010-01-01

315

Battle on the Gender Homefront: Depictions of the American Civil War in Contemporary Young-Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The American Civil War has been a popular topic for young-adult writers for years, with new books now being written from young women's perspectives. In this paper, I will examine the gender ideologies that infiltrate contemporary Civil War books for young adults. I will examine four recent young-adult Civil-War novels: G. Clifton Wisler's "Mr.…

Clapp-Itnyre, Alisa

2007-01-01

316

Daily family interactions among young adults in the United States from Latin American, Filipino, East Asian, and European backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast to the abundant research on family relationships during adolescence, the nature of family interactions during young adulthood remains comparatively unexamined. The current study explored ethnic differences in young adults’ interactions with parents and siblings, the role of other activities in young adults’ family interactions, and the association of family interactions with young adults’ psychological distress and well-being. A

Andrew Fuligni; Carrie L. Masten

2010-01-01

317

Discordance in National Estimates of Hypertension Among Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Background In the U.S., where coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of mortality, CHD risk assessment is a priority and accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement is essential. Methods Hypertension estimates in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), Wave IV (2008)—a nationally-representative field study of 15,701 participants aged 24–32—was referenced against NHANES (2007–2008) participants of the same age. We examined discordances in hypertension, and estimated the accuracy and reliability of blood pressure in the Add Health study. Results Hypertension rates (BP ? 140/90 mm Hg) were higher in Add Health compared with NHANES (19% versus 4%), but self-reported history was similar (11% versus 9%) among adults aged 24–32. Survey weights and adjustments for differences in participant characteristics, examination time, use of anti-hypertensive medications, and consumption of food/caffeine/cigarettes before blood pressure measurement had little effect on between-study differences in hypertension estimates. Among Add Health participants interviewed and examined twice (full and abbreviated interviews), blood pressure was similar, as was blood pressure at the in-home and in-clinic exams conducted by NHANES III (1988–1994). In Add Health, there was minimal digit preference in blood pressure measurements; mean bias never exceeded 2 mm Hg; and reliability (estimated as intra-class correlation coefficients) was 0.81 and 0.68 for systolic and diastolic BPs, respectively. Conclusions The proportion of young adults in NHANES reporting a history of hypertension was twice that with measured hypertension, whereas the reverse was found in Add Health. Between-survey differences were not explained by digit preference, low validity, or reliability of Add Health blood pressure data, or by salient differences in participant selection, measurement context, or interview content. The prevalence of hypertension among Add Health Wave IV participants suggests an unexpectedly high risk of cardiovascular disease among U.S. young adults and warrants further scrutiny.

Nguyen, Quynh C.; Tabor, Joyce W.; Entzel, Pamela P.; Lau, Yan; Suchindran, Chirayath; Hussey, Jon M.; Halpern, Carolyn T.; Harris, Kathleen Mullan; Whitsel, Eric A.

2011-01-01

318

Neuroimaging in children, adolescents and young adults with psychological trauma.  

PubMed

Childhood psychological trauma is a strong predictor of psychopathology. Preclinical research points to the influence of this type of trauma on brain development. However, the effects of psychological trauma on the developing human brain are less known and a challenging question is whether the effects can be reversed or even prevented. The aim of this review is to give an overview of neuroimaging studies in traumatized juveniles and young adults up till 2012. Neuroimaging studies in children and adolescents with traumatic experiences were found to be scarce. Most studies were performed by a small number of research groups in the United States and examined structural abnormalities. The reduction in hippocampal volume reported in adults with PTSD could not be confirmed in juveniles. The most consistent finding in children and adolescents, who experienced psychological trauma are structural abnormalities of the corpus callosum. We could not identify any studies investigating treatment effects. Neuroimaging studies in traumatized children and adolescents clearly lag behind studies in traumatized adults as well as studies on ADHD and autism. PMID:23553572

Rinne-Albers, Mirjam A W; van der Wee, Nic J A; Lamers-Winkelman, Francien; Vermeiren, Robert R J M

2013-04-01

319

Expanding dependent coverage for young adults: lessons from state initiatives.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) requires that adults up to age twenty-six be permitted to enroll as dependents on their parents' health plans. This article examines the experiences of states that enacted dependent expansion laws. Drawing on public information from thirty-one enacting states and case studies of four diverse reform states, it derives lessons that are pertinent to the implementation of this ACA provision. Dependent coverage laws vary across the states, but most impose residency, marital status, and other restrictions. The federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act further limits the reach of state laws. Eligibility for expanded coverage under the ACA is much broader. Rules in some states requiring or allowing separate premiums for adult dependents may also discourage enrollment compared with rules in other states (and the ACA), where these costs must be factored into family premiums. Business opposition in some states led to more restrictive regulations, especially for how premiums are charged, which in turn raised greater implementation challenges. Case study states did not report substantial young adult dependent coverage take-up, but early enrollment experience under ACA appears to be more positive. Long-term questions remain about the implications of this policy for risk pooling and the distribution of premium costs. PMID:22273776

Cantor, Joel C; Belloff, Dina; Monheit, Alan C; Delia, Derek; Koller, Margaret

2012-02-01

320

Adolescents with Hodgkin lymphoma: old children or young adults?  

PubMed

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a malignancy of the lymphatic system with an incidence of 2-3/100,000/year in Europe and North America. The disease generally occurs in all age groups, but young adults are most often affected. Thus, adolescents aged 15 or 16 to 21 represent a relevant portion of patients. The optimum treatment for this age group is undefined. Both pediatric protocols such as OEPA (vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, adriamycin) or ABVE-PC (adriamycin, bleomycin, vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, cyclophosphamide) and adult regimens such as ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) or BEACOPP (bleomycin, etoposide, adriamycin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone) have been shown to be safe and active, resulting in long-term survival rates of 80% and more. However, a prospective comparison of pediatric and adult treatment strategies in terms of efficacy and other important questions such as treatment-related acute and long-term toxicity has not been undertaken so far. This review aims at shedding some light on potential treatment approaches for adolescents with HL and includes more recent analyses in this patient group. PMID:22168275

Eichenauer, Dennis A; Borchmann, Peter; Engert, Andreas

2012-01-31

321

Patterns of Tobacco Use and Dual Use in US Young Adults: The Missing Link between Youth Prevention and Adult Cessation  

PubMed Central

Few studies address the developmental transition from youth tobacco use uptake to regular adulthood use, especially for noncigarette tobacco products. The current study uses online panel data from the Legacy Young Adult Cohort Study to describe the prevalence of cigarette, other tobacco product, and dual use in a nationally representative sample of young adults aged 18–34 (N = 4,201). Of the 23% of young adults who were current tobacco users, 30% reported dual use. Ever use, first product used, and current use were highest for cigarettes, cigars, little cigars, and hookah. Thirty-two percent of ever tobacco users reported tobacco product initiation after the age of 18 and 39% of regular users reported progressing to regular use during young adulthood. This study highlights the need for improved monitoring of polytobacco use across the life course and developing tailored efforts for young adults to prevent progression and further reduce overall population prevalence.

Rath, Jessica M.; Villanti, Andrea C.; Abrams, David B.; Vallone, Donna M.

2012-01-01

322

The Experiences of Mothers of Young Adults with an Intellectual Disability Transitioning from Secondary School to Adult Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The transition from school to adulthood for young adults with an intellectual disability involves movement from a generally secure and supported school environment to an emerging adult life that may be characterised by a wide variation in adoption of adult roles related to employment, independent living, friendships, and day…

Dyke, Paula; Bourke, Jenny; Llewellyn, Gwynnyth; Leonard, Helen

2013-01-01

323

The Experiences of Mothers of Young Adults with an Intellectual Disability Transitioning from Secondary School to Adult Life  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The transition from school to adulthood for young adults with an intellectual disability involves movement from a generally secure and supported school environment to an emerging adult life that may be characterised by a wide variation in adoption of adult roles related to employment, independent living, friendships, and day…

Dyke, Paula; Bourke, Jenny; Llewellyn, Gwynnyth; Leonard, Helen

2013-01-01

324

PERSONAL MEANINGS OF DEATH IN OLDER ADULTS AND YOUNG ADULTS IN RELATION TO THEIR FEARS OF DEATH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Age and gender differences in personal meanings of death have been noted from late childhood to middle adulthood but have been little studied in older adults, for whom death is less remote. Also, such meanings have not been related to their fears of death. Groups of 78 young adults (aged 19–29) and 68 older adults (aged 70–97) were compared on

VICTOR G. CICIRELLI

2001-01-01

325

Illicit drug use in young adults and subsequent decline in general health: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The long-term health consequences of drug use among healthy young adults in the general population are not well described. We assessed whether drug use predicted decline in general self-rated health (GSRH) in a community-based cohort, healthy at baseline.\\u000aMETHODS: A prospective cohort of 3124 young adults (20-32 years old) from four US cities, the Coronary Artery Risk Development in

Stefan G. Kertesz; Mark J. Pletcher; Monika M. Safford; Jewell H. Halanych; Katharine Kirk; Joseph Schumacher; Stephen Sidney; Catarina I. Kiefe

2006-01-01

326

Parental smoking and vascular damage in young adult offspring: is early life exposure critical? The Atherosclerosis Risk in Young Adults study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective—Our purpose was to study the association between familial and particularly fetal tobacco smoke exposure and vascular damage in young adulthood. Methods and Results—From a cohort of 732 young adults, birth data were collected and in young adulthood ultrasound measurement of common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CIMT) was performed. Data on parental smoking were obtained by standardized questionnaires. Twenty-nine percent

Caroline C. Geerts; D. E. Grobbee; M. L. Bots; Cuno S. P. M. Uiterwaal

2007-01-01

327

Neuropsychological rehabilitation after closed head injury in young adults.  

PubMed Central

Cognitive and personality disturbances following severe closed head injury in young adults are associated with poor rehabilitation outcome. Yet systematic programmes for dealing with these disturbances have generally not appeared. The present report briefly describes the Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Program (NRP) at Presbyterian Hospital in Oklahoma City and the initial outcome data on eighteen closed head injury patients and seventeen untreated controls. Greater improvement in neuropsychological functioning occurred in the NRP patient group on selected variables, but generally the effects were modest. Emotional distress, however, substantially decreased in treated patients. Fifty percent of the NRP patients maintained productivity 75% of the time or more following rehabilitation, compared to 36% of the controls. Treatment successes showed less personality disturbances than treatment failures and better learning and memory scores post-treatment.

Prigatano, G P; Fordyce, D J; Zeiner, H K; Roueche, J R; Pepping, M; Wood, B C

1984-01-01

328

Future HIV Vaccine Acceptability Among Young Adults in South Africa  

PubMed Central

Developing and disseminating a preventive HIV vaccine is a primary scientific and public health objective. However, little is known about HIV vaccine acceptability in the high prevalence setting of South Africa—where young adults are likely to be targeted in early dissemination efforts. In 2007, we conducted six focus groups (n=42) with South Africans aged 18-24 years old. We used a deductive framework approach to identify key motivators and barriers to future HIV vaccine uptake. Participants identified HIV testing, HIV stigma, mistrust of the health care system, and concerns about sexual disinhibition as barriers to vaccine uptake. For women, family members and friends were strong motivators for vaccine uptake, while men were more likely to see vaccines as an opportunity to stop using HIV prevention strategies such as condoms and partner reductions. Implications of these findings for developing HIV vaccine dissemination strategies and policy in South Africa are discussed.

Sayles, Jennifer N.; Macphail, Catherine L.; Newman, Peter A.; Cunningham, William E.

2010-01-01

329

Miranda Rights Comprehension in Young Adults With Specific Language Impairment  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine whether citizens with language impairment understand legal rights as conveyed in Miranda warnings. Method Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights (1998) was administered to 34 young adults, half of whom met the diagnostic criteria for specific language impairment (SLI). A correlational analysis of the relationship between language scores and Miranda rights comprehension was conducted, as were tests of differences between individuals with SLI (n = 17) and individuals without SLI. Results Language ability was positively correlated with overall performance on the Miranda measure. As a group, individuals with SLI were significantly poorer than their peers with normal language at defining Miranda vocabulary and applying Miranda rights in hypothetical situations. The group with SLI was also marginally less able to paraphrase Miranda sentences. Conclusion Language impairment limits comprehension of Miranda warnings. As a result, citizens with language impairment are at risk of being denied their constitutional rights.

Rost, Gwyneth C.; McGregor, Karla K.

2013-01-01

330

Evaluation of an AIDS education programme for young adults.  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVES--To evaluate the impact of an AIDS education programme designed for young adults. DESIGN--A randomised trial with a pre-post test design. SETTING--Participants were drawn from six youth training centres in the city of Nottingham, England. STUDY POPULATION--All trainees aged 16-19 years attending the six centres were included in the sample and centres were randomly allocated to experimental (n = 173) and control (n = 164) groups. The response rate to both questionnaires was high (71%). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--Data on sexual behaviour, knowledge, and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS were obtained by confidential questionnaire. Two thirds of the sample were sexually active. There were no differences between groups at pre-test and no differences by sex. The experimental group had a significantly higher level of knowledge than the control group post-test. Significantly more experimental than control trainees knew post-test that HIV could be transmitted via anal sex and through broken skin. In addition, twice as many experimental (53%) as control trainees (25%; p < 0.001) were aware that a cure for AIDS was unlikely in the near future. There were no observed effects on sexual behaviour, intentions, or attitudes. CONCLUSIONS--The Streetwize UK educational programme had a significant impact on young adults' knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention in the short term. If community based AIDS education is to do more than merely inform, however, resources must be made available for peer led interventions and skills training.

Bellingham, K; Gillies, P

1993-01-01

331

Physical activity, fitness, and metabolic syndrome in young adults.  

PubMed

Purpose: Our objective was to analyze the association between different intensities of physical activity (PA), physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome (MS) in young adults. Methods: Cross-sectional study including 275 university students, 18-30 years old, from Cuenca, Spain. We evaluated (a) physical activity using accelerometry, (b) aerobic capacity (VO2max), and (c) muscle strength, by a muscle strength index calculated as the sum of the standardized z score of handgrip dynamometry/weight and standing broad jump. An MS index was estimated by summing standardized z scores of waist circumference, ratio of triglycerides to high-density lipoprotein, mean arterial blood pressure, and HOMA-IR. Results: The mean scores of MS index and HOMA-IR were significantly higher and the VO2max significantly lower for individuals who did not perform 20 min or more per week of vigorous physical activity. However, those who performed 250 min/week of moderate physical activity showed no significant differences in either VO2max or the MS index when compared with individuals who did not perform this level of activity. The MS index was lower in those with medium-high levels of aerobic capacity. In addition, individuals with medium-high levels of muscular fitness showed lower waist circumference and a lower MS index. Conclusions: VO2max and muscle strength are negatively associated with metabolic risk. 20-min/week of vigorous physical activity was associated with lower cardiometabolic risk in young adults; moderate physical activity did not show association with lower cardiometabolic risk. PMID:23994896

López-Martínez, Sara; Sánchez-López, Mairena; Solera-Martinez, Montserrat; Arias-Palencia, Natalia; Fuentes-Chacón, Rosa M; Martínez-Vizcaíno, Vicente

2013-08-01

332

The Cultural Work of Magical Realism in Three Young Adult Novels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Magical realism as a literary mode is often subversive and transgressive, questioning the values and assumptions of the dominant society that it depicts. Young adult literature, by contrast, is typically thought to serve a socializing function, helping to integrate young readers into adult society. What then is the cultural work of magical realism…

Latham, Don

2007-01-01

333

The Learning Needs of Young Adults with Mental Health Difficulties. NIACE Briefing Sheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A 1996 report recognized the benefits of effective learning provision and the impact that mental health difficulties can have on quality of life of young adults in the United Kingdom. The range of mental health difficulties experienced by young adults in the United Kingdom and elsewhere is similar to that experienced by the older population and…

National Inst. of Adult Continuing Education, Leicester (England).

334

Reactive and Proactive Control in Incarcerated and Community Adolescents and Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study compared the cognitive control skills of male incarcerated adolescents (n = 44), male control adolescents (n = 33), male incarcerated young adults (n = 41), and male control young adults (n = 35) using the AX-continuous performance test (AX-CPT). This test measures proactive control (the ability to maintain a mental representation of…

Iselin, Anne-Marie R.; DeCoster, Jamie

2009-01-01

335

Effectiveness of a Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Young Adults with Cystic Fibrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral intervention for young adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Four young adults were referred for the therapy by medical staff because of perceived problems with anxiety, anger, or coping. Treatment impact was assessed on measures of anxiety, anger, perceptions of functional disability, and coping. A multiple baseline design across subjects was used.

Anthony A. Hains; W. Hobart Davies; Darcia Behrens; Mary Ellen Freeman; Julie A. Biller

2001-01-01

336

Risk Perceptions and Behavioral Intentions for Hepatitis B: How Do Young Adults Fare?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Young adults are at risk for Hepatitis B infection. Little is known about their attitudes and beliefs concerning Hepatitis B, which are determinants of getting immunized. This investigation examined risk perceptions and behavioral intentions concerning Hepatitis B among a convenience sample of 1070 young adults, 18-24 years old who participated…

Gonzales, R. M.; Glik, D. C.; Prelip, M.; Bourque, L.; Yuen, J.; Ang, A.; Jones, M. C.

2006-01-01

337

UK young adults' safety awareness online – is it a ‘girl thing’?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a recent research project undertaken in the UK that investigated young adults' perception of potentially risky behaviour online. The research was undertaken through the use of an online survey associated with the UK teen soap opera Being Victor. The findings of the project suggest that this sample of British young adults was mostly aware of the

Sarah Pedersen

2012-01-01

338

On the Border: Young Adults with LGBQ Parents Navigate LGBTQ Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Little research has examined the perspectives of young adults with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) parents, particularly in relation to their identification with the LGBTQ community. To address this gap, we conducted a qualitative study of 42 young adults (ages 18-29) who were raised by LGBQ parents. We found that…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Kinkler, Lori A.; Richardson, Hannah B.; Downing, Jordan B.

2012-01-01

339

Leadership Ability of Young Rural Adults in North Dakota. Report No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived leadership abilities of young adults residing in rural areas of North Dakota were assessed. Data were collected by use of a mail questionnaire sent to 578 young adults aged 18 to 40 residing in cities with a population of fewer than 2,500 and in those areas outside of towns and cities. About three-fourths of the respondents were…

Luft, Vernon D.

340

Relationships Between Certain Background Factors of Young Adults and Their Expressed Attitudes Toward Selected Ethical Values.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between background characteristics of young adults such as sex, marital status, parenthood, income level, age, educational background, occupational level, and church participation were studied as to their influence on the ethical values of marital fidelity, honesty, and goodwill. Of 400 young adults in 52 Protestant congregations…

Johnstone, William Milton

341

Restitution of ATP and Creatine Phosphate after Experimental Depletion in Young, Adult, and Old Rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rates of restitution of skeletal muscle, heart, and brain creatine phosphate and brain ATP, following experimental depletion, were compared in young (3–5 month), adult (12 month) and old (24 month) rats. In skeletal muscle, restitution of creatine phosphate after 3 min of recovery was greatest in the young rats, minimal in the adult animals, and absent in the old

M. C. McNamara; A. L. Shen; J. J. Wood

1978-01-01

342

Renal, cardiovascular and hormonal characteristics of young adults with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renal, cardiovascular and hormonal characteristics of young adults with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. We studied young adults with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) to determine the characteristics that precede renal impairment. Nineteen affected (A) and 20 unaffected (U) offspring from families with ADPKD showed no significant differences in basal glomerular filtration rate (A: mean 97, SD 19; U:

Stephen B Harrap; David L Davies; Ann M Macnicol; Anna F Dominiczak; Robert Fraser; Alan F Wright; Michael L Watson; J Douglas Briggs

1991-01-01

343

Healthy Behaviors and Lifestyles in Young Adults with a History of Developmental Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Measure select Healthy People 2010 Leading Health Indicators in young adults with and without a history of developmental disabilities (DD) using a population-based cohort. Methods: Young adults were interviewed to assess the prevalence of seven Leading Health Indicators: physical activity, overweight and obesity, tobacco use, substance…

Rurangirwa, Jacqueline; Braun, Kim Van Naarden; Schendel, Diana; Yeargin-Allsopp, Marshalyn

2006-01-01

344

Education, Employment, and Independent Living of Young Adults Who Are Deaf and Hard of Hearing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little information is available on the education, employment, and independent living status of young deaf and hard of hearing adults who have transitioned from high school. The present article reports post-secondary outcomes of 46 young adults who had attended for at least 4 years a non–public agency school in the northwestern United States specializing in deaf education. School administrators had

Karen I. Appelman; Judy Ottren Callahan; Margaret H. Mayer; Barbara S. Luetke; Deborah S. Stryker

2012-01-01

345

Cannabis and Anxiety and Depression in Young Adults: A Large Prospective Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine whether age of first use or frequency of use of cannabis is associated with anxiety and depression (AD) in young adults, independent of known potential confounders, including the use of other illicit drugs. Method: A cohort of 3,239 Australian young adults was followed from birth to the age of 21 when data on AD were…

Hayatbakhsh, Mohammad R.; Najman, Jake M.; Jamrozik, Konrad; Mamun, Abdullah A.; Alati, Rosa; Bor, William

2007-01-01

346

The Longitudinal Relationships between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While many adolescents and young adults experiment with substances (e.g., alcohol, cigarette smoking, marijuana), recent research suggests that rural youth and young adults may be more at risk for substance use than their urban counterparts. This study was designed to examine the longitudinal relationships between rural adolescents' prosocial…

Carlo, Gustavo; Crockett, Lisa J.; Wilkinson, Jamie L.; Beal, Sarah J.

2011-01-01

347

FOOD PATTERNS ASSOCIATED WITH COMPONENTS OF METABOLIC SYNDROME IN YOUNG ADULTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Young adults are a nutritionally vulnerable, poorly studied group; little is known about their risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Dietary intake data were collected in 1995-1996 on 1,012 young adults (20-38 years) (61% female; 21% black) using the youth/adolescent questionnaire, a semi-quantitativ...

348

Macrostructural Narrative Language of Adolescents and Young Adults with Down Syndrome or Fragile X Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: To gain a better understanding of language abilities, the expressive macrostructural narrative language abilities of verbally expressive adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (DS) and those with fragile X syndrome (FXS) were examined. Method: The authors evaluated 24 adolescents and young adults with DS, 12 male adolescents and…

Finestack, Lizbeth H.; Palmer, Meghan; Abbeduto, Leonard

2012-01-01

349

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HEALTH ENHANCING DIETARY BEHAVIORS IN YOUNG ADULTS: BOGALUSA HEART STUDY  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Obesity results from energy imbalance. This study used data from the Bogalusa Heart Study to examine relationships between the dietary and physical activity behaviors of young adults. One thousand one hundred ninety-one young adults (76% Euro-American, 24% African-American, 61% female) completed a f...

350

Reading for a Better World: Teaching for Social Responsibility with Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching for social responsibility should be one of the vital aims of our schools. Young adult literature offers an authentic, meaningful, and critical way to teach for social responsibility. This article offers an overview of the different elements of social responsibility and some young adult novels and graphic novels that could be used to…

Wolk, Steven

2009-01-01

351

The Relationship among Alcohol Consumption, Dietery Intake, and Body Mass Index in Young Adults  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Little is known about the relationship of diet and weight to alcohol consumption in young adults. Dietary intake data were collected in 1995–1996 on 1,335 young adults (20–38 years) (62% female; 27% black) using a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire (YAQ), and the Health Lifestyle-Behavio...

352

Transitions from School for Young Adults with Intellectual Disability: Parental Perspectives on "Life as an Adjustment"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Few studies have investigated transition programs and outcomes for young adults with disabilities as viewed from the parent perspective. The current Australian study provided a voice for parents to report on the experiences of and outcomes for young adults following their recent transition from school into post-school life. Method: A…

Davies, Michael D.; Beamish, Wendi

2009-01-01

353

Predictors of Work Participation of Young Adults with Mild Intellectual Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are three to four times less often employed compared to their non-disabled peers. Evidence for factors associated with work participation of young adults with ID is limited. Furthermore, studies on predictors for sustainable work participation among young adults with ID is lacking altogether.…

Holwerda, Anja; van der Klink, Jac J. L.; de Boer, Michiel R.; Groothoff, Johan W.; Brouwer, Sandra

2013-01-01

354

Intergenerational Contact and the Life Course Status of Young Adult Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how the life course status of young adults--whether they have a romantic partner and whether they have children--is related to how often they have contact with their parents. Hypotheses were tested using recent data from the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study. The main sample included 1,911 young adults between the ages of 18 and…

Bucx, Freek; van Wel, Frits; Knijn, Trudie; Hagendoorn, Louk

2008-01-01

355

Career Interests and Self-Estimated Abilities of Young Adults with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to ascertain vocational interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities of young adults with disabilities. Results showed that young adults with both low incidence and high incidence disabilities have a wide range of interests and self-estimated work-relevant abilities that are comparable to those in the general…

Turner, Sherri; Unkefer, Lesley Craig; Cichy, Bryan Ervin; Peper, Christine; Juang, Ju-Ping

2011-01-01

356

Adolescent Dating Violence Prevention and Intervention in a Community Setting: Perspectives of Young Adults and Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescent dating violence (ADV) is a significant community problem. In this study, we examine the perspectives of two groups (young adults who experienced ADV as teens and professionals who work with teens) on ADV prevention/intervention in a community context. We interviewed 88 young adults and 20 professionals. Our research team used Thorne's…

Martsolf, Donna S.; Colbert, Crystal; Draucker, Claire B.

2012-01-01

357

Sexual Activity of Young Adults Who Are Visually Impaired and the Need for Effective Sex Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Little research has been reported on all aspects of sexuality as it pertains to individuals with visual impairments. This article analyzes data on the sexual experiences of young adults who are visually impaired and young adults without disabilities. Methods: The authors conducted a secondary analysis of the National Longitudinal…

Kelly, Stacy M.; Kapperman, Gaylen

2012-01-01

358

Adapting the Individual Placement and Support Model with Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Prior research reveals high unemployment rates among homeless young adults. The literature offers many examples of using evidence-based supported employment models with vulnerable populations to assist them in obtaining and maintaining competitive employment; yet few examples exist to date with homeless young adults with mental…

Ferguson, Kristin M.; Xie, Bin; Glynn, Shirley

2012-01-01

359

Civic Engagement in Relation to Outcome Expectations among African American Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study examined civic engagement--volunteering and political activism--among 129 African American young adults from an urban community. The proposed model considered factors that motivate young adults to participate in civic activities as well as barriers that might inhibit involvement. Drawing upon social cognitive theory, this study…

Chung, He Len; Probert, Stephanie

2011-01-01

360

Sexual behavior and drug consumption among young adults in a shantytown in Lima, Peru  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors of young adults have received increasing attention during the last decades. However, few studies have focused on the sexual behavior of young adults in shantytowns of Latin America. Specifically, studies on the association between sexual behaviors and other risk factors for sexually transmitted infections (STI) and HIV\\/AIDS transmission, such as the consumption of illicit drugs or

Juan A Gálvez-Buccollini; Suzanne DeLea; Phabiola M Herrera; Robert H Gilman; Valerie Paz-Soldan

2009-01-01

361

Being Close and Being Social: Peer Ratings of Distinct Aspects of Young Adult Social Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study had three main objectives: (1) to develop and validate scales of young adult social competence in two domains, close relationships and social groups, using peer ratings of California Q-sort (Block, 1974; Kremen & Block, 2002) items; (2) to test the hypothesis that social competence is associated with young adult well-being and ego development; (3) to test the

Justine J. Larson; Sarah W. Whitton; Stuart T. Hauser; Joseph P. Allen

2007-01-01

362

Meanings of Good Nonresidential Fathering: The Recollections of Young Adults with a Childhood Experience of Divorce  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to describe the meanings of good nonresidential fathering from the recollections of young adults with a childhood experience of divorce. An additional purpose was to identify barriers and contributions to good nonresidential fathering from the viewpoint of young adults. A phenomenological perspective was used to…

Wages, Alan, Jr.

2010-01-01

363

Factors Associated with herb and dietary supplement use by young adults in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between use of herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) and lifestyle\\/behavior factors in young adults in the US. METHODS: Analyzing the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we examined the patterns of HDS (excluding vitamins\\/minerals) use among young adults in the United States using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. RESULTS: In our sample of

Paula Gardiner; Kathi J Kemper; Anna Legedza; Russell S Phillips

2007-01-01

364

Parents Raising Young Adults on the Autism Spectrum: Perspectives on Advocacy and Occupational Balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an investigation of parents’ perspectives on advocacy actions and occupational balance raising young adults on the autism spectrum. Previous findings on parent advocacy have focused on mothers (1) and young children with autism (2); however data are sparse regarding parenting the older adult child on the autism spectrum. As children transition to adulthood, at

SherwinAndreaB

2009-01-01

365

Childhood Behavioral Problems Predict Young Adults' BMI and Obesity: Evidence From a Birth Cohort Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined whether behavioral problems in childhood and adolescence are associated with young adults' BMI and obesity, and tested whether childhood behavioral problems have a greater impact on young adults' obesity than adolescent behavioral problems. The data were from the Mater-University of Queensland Study of Pregnancy (MUSP) and Its Outcomes, a population-based birth cohort study commenced in Brisbane, Australia, in

Abdullah A. Mamun; Michael J. O'Callaghan; Susanna M. Cramb; Jake M. Najman; Gail M. Williams; William Bor

2009-01-01

366

Reading for a Better World: Teaching for Social Responsibility with Young Adult Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching for social responsibility should be one of the vital aims of our schools. Young adult literature offers an authentic, meaningful, and critical way to teach for social responsibility. This article offers an overview of the different elements of social responsibility and some young adult novels and graphic novels that could be used to teach…

Wolk, Steven

2009-01-01

367

Tensions in Teaching Adolescence/ts: Analyzing Resistances in a Young Adult Literature Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Identifying English Education courses focused on young adult literature as apposite sites for exploring teacher conceptions of youth and the texts aimed for youths' consumptions, this article addresses the multiple sources of tension--and pedagogical potential--of teaching a young adult literature course centrally framed around controversial…

Sarigianides, Sophia Tatiana

2012-01-01

368

Smoking and Attitudes on Smoke-Free Air Laws Among Club-Going Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report assesses smoking rates and support for indoor smoking bans among club-going young adults in New York City. Nearly half of the sample were smokers. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual young adults were more likely to smoke than were heterosexual participants. No differences in smoking rates were found between sexes or between Whites and non-Whites. Support for the smoking ban

Jonathan Weiser; Jeffrey Parsons

2009-01-01

369

PASSIVE SMOKING AND IMPAIRED ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT ARTERIAL DILATATION IN HEALTHY YOUNG ADULTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Passive smoking has been linked to an increased risk of dying from atherosclerotic heart disease. Since endothelial dysfunction is an early feature of atherogenesis and occurs in young adults who actively smoke cigarettes, we hypothesized that passive smoking might also be associated with endothelial dam- age in healthy young-adult nonsmokers. Methods. We studied 78 healthy subjects (39 male and

D AVID S. C ELERMAJER; M ARK R. A DAMS; P ETER C LARKSON; J ACQUI R OBINSON; J OHN

2010-01-01

370

Variables related to tobacco use among young adults: Are there differences between males and females?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We sought to determine the association of four categories (chunks) of variables: (1) demographic characteristics, (2) family and friends smoking and other drug use, (3) psychosocial factors and attitude, and (4) lifestyle factors to current smoking as compared to never smoking among Canadian young adults. A cohort of 1270 young adults, followed for 10 years, completed a self-administered questionnaire. In multivariable

Linda L. Pederson; John J. Koval; Stella S. H. Chan; Xiaohe Zhang

2007-01-01

371

Prevalence of alternative forms of tobacco use in a population of young adult military recruits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent evidence suggests that the popularity of certain alternative forms of tobacco may be increasing in adolescents. Little is known, however, about the use of these products among young adults. This study examined the use of alternative tobacco products including bidis, cigars, kreteks (clove cigarettes), pipes, and smokeless tobacco in a large sample of young adult military recruits (N=31107). Overall,

Mark W. Vander Weg; Alan L. Peterson; Jon O. Ebbert; Margaret DeBon; Robert C. Klesges; C. Keith Haddock

2008-01-01

372

Young adults with head and neck cancer express increased susceptibility to mutagen-induced chromosome damage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors that contribute to an increased prevalence of squamous cell carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract among young adults in the United States remain unknown. A potential etiologic factor may relate to a genetically controlled sensitivity to environmental carcinogens. This study, therefore, examined 20 young adult patients who had squamous cell carcinoma for mutagen-induced chromosome sensitivity. Lymphocytes from respective patients

S. P. Schantz; T. C. Hsu; N. Ainslie; R. P. Moser

1989-01-01

373

Purchase of clothing and its linkage to family communication and lifestyles among young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how family communication patterns and lifestyles are linked to purchases of sports shoes and casual clothing for young adults. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The survey was conducted in 2005, and total valid samples were 576. Differences in purchasing decisions among various segments of young adults are analysed for two product categories: sports

Jane Lu Hsu; Kai-Ming Chang

2008-01-01

374

Characteristics and psychological correlates of young adult men's and women's subjective age  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined young adult men's and women's subjective perceptions of their age along several dimensions including how old they felt, looked, acted, desired to be, and thought they were regarded by others. The relationship between young adults' subjective age identities and other perceptions of the self were also examined. It was found that both men and women felt and

Joann M. Montepare

1991-01-01

375

Risk perceptions and behavioral intentions for Hepatitis B: how do young adults fare?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults are at risk for Hepatitis B in- fection. Little is known about their attitudes and beliefs concerning Hepatitis B, which are determinants of getting immunized. This inves- tigation examined risk perceptions and behav- ioral intentions concerning Hepatitis B among a convenience sample of 1070 young adults, 18-24 years old who participated in a Hepati- tis B campaign that

R. M. Gonzales; D. C. Glik; M. Prelip; L. Bourque; J. Yuen; A. Ang; M. C. Jones

2006-01-01

376

Young Adult Follow-Up of Hyperactive Children: Antisocial Activities and Drug Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Hyperactive/ADHD children are believed to be a greater risk for adolescent and young adult antisocial activity and drug use/abuse, particularly that subset having comorbid conduct problems/disorder. Method: We report on the lifetime antisocial activities and illegal drug use self-reported at young adult follow-up (mean age 20-21…

Barkley, Russell A.; Fischer, Mariellen; Smallish, Lori; Fletcher, Kenneth

2004-01-01

377

More Than Kids Stuff: Can News and Information Web Sites Mobilize Young Adults?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many young adults are not politically active. Since 1972, their participation and interest levels have declined not only in absolute terms but also relative to other voting-age groups. This paper examines how the Internet can reverse this trend. It focuses on how leading news and political information Web sites affected young adults during the…

Lupia, Arthur; Philpot, Tasha S.

378

Funding Challenges During Transition to Adulthood for Young Adults Who Use Medical Technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes some issues related to financing school and postschool needs for young adults who use medical technology, and the challenges families, professionals, and students face in planning for life after school. These descriptions are based on a study of young adults who use ventilators and gastrostomy tubes (g-tubes) as medical technologies to replace or supplement lost physiological functions.

Gardner T. Umbarger; H. Rutherford Turnbull; Mary E. Morningstar; Amanda Reichard; Rebecca L. Moberly

2001-01-01

379

Perception of asthma as a factor in career choice among young adults with asthma  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND/AIM: Asthma is a common chronic condition that can be aggravated by workplace exposures. Young adults with asthma should know how their future occupation might affect their asthma, and potentially, their quality of life. The aim of the present study was to assess the awareness of young adults to occupational risks for asthma and high-risk occupations, as well as their perception of the role of asthma in career choice. METHODS: Young adults 16 to 22 years of age with reported physician-diagnosed asthma were recruited to complete a questionnaire eliciting information regarding asthma control, career choice and awareness of occupational exposure risks. RESULTS: A small majority of the study cohort (56.4%) could identify occupations that cause or exacerbate asthma, and 34.7% indicated that asthma was an important factor in their career plans. Family physicians were most responsible for asthma management (80.2%), but young adults were more likely to discuss asthma and career plans with their parents (43.6%) or friends (29.7%) than with their family physician (13.9%; P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Young adults with asthma have suboptimal awareness of potential work-related asthma risks. Family physicians most commonly provide asthma care to these young adults. However, few young adults are talking to their family physicians about career choices and asthma. This observation represents an area of asthma care that needs to be explored in young adults with asthma.

Bhinder, Sacha; Cicutto, Lisa; Abdel-Qadir, Husam M; Tarlo, Susan M

2009-01-01

380

Identifying Clinically Distinct Subgroups of Self-Injurers among Young Adults: A Latent Class Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|High rates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; 14%-17%) in adolescents and young adults suggest that some self-injurers may exhibit more or different psychiatric problems than others. In the present study, the authors utilized a latent class analysis to identify clinically distinct subgroups of self-injurers. Participants were 205 young adults with…

Klonsky, E. David; Olino, Thomas M.

2008-01-01

381

INTERGENERATIONAL SHARING SEMINARS: THEIR IMPACT ON YOUNG ADULT COLLEGE STUDENTS AND SENIOR GUEST STUDENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3?month intergenerational program was developed on the premise that it is important for young adults, who are in the formative period of career development and direction, to experience the benefits of positive interaction with older persons. Program evaluation findings showed that participation not only influenced the young adults’ interest in gerontology, but also increased their willingness to accept older

Lynda Fowler; Donna Lambert; Dorothy Fruit; Rhonda Richardson

1994-01-01

382

Physical activity levels and determinants of change in young adults: a longitudinal panel study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is growing concern about physical inactivity in adolescents and young adults. Identifying determinants that are associated with low levels of physical activity and with changes in physical activity levels will help to develop specific prevention strategies. The present study describes the prevalence and potential determinants of physical activity behavior and behavior changes of young adults. The study is

Dorith Zimmermann-Sloutskis; Miriam Wanner; Erwin Zimmermann; Brian W Martin

2010-01-01

383

The Learning Needs of Young Adults with Mental Health Difficulties. NIACE Briefing Sheet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1996 report recognized the benefits of effective learning provision and the impact that mental health difficulties can have on quality of life of young adults in the United Kingdom. The range of mental health difficulties experienced by young adults in the United Kingdom and elsewhere is similar to that experienced by the older population and…

National Inst. of Adult Continuing Education, Leicester (England).

384

What Do Young Adult Novels Say about HIV/AIDS? A Second Look  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young adult information needs related to HIV/AIDS persist. However, in recent years, little has been written in either the research or the professional literature in library and information science about the HIV/AIDS information needs of youth. This article reports on a content analysis of young adult novels written in English between 1995 and…

Gross, Melissa; Goldsmith, Annette; Carruth, Debi

2008-01-01

385

My Scars Tell a Story: Self-Mutilation in Young Adult Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The problem novel has long been a staple of young adult literature, so it is no surprise that the issue of “cutting,” a primarily adolescent affliction, is addressed in this literature. Adolescents who purposely cut themselves with sharp objects in order to feel pleasure, to deal with pain, or to feel release have appeared in young adult fiction since the

Jennifer. Miskec; Chris. McGee

2007-01-01

386

Teaching Adolescent/Young Adult Literature: Course Handbook II--Education L535.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents two core units for a distance education course that provides an introduction to the genre of texts targeted for adolescent/young adult readers. The first core unit in the handbook discusses the teaching of literary aspects of using adolescent/young adult literature. The second core unit addresses alternative approaches to…

Mikulecky, Larry, Comp.; And Others

387

Social Influences Are Associated With BMI and Weight Loss Intentions in Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Christakis and colleagues have shown that health behaviors cluster in social networks and suggest social norms may account for the clustering. This study examined: (i) whether obesity clusters among young adults and whether social norms do in fact account for the clustering, and (ii) among overweight\\/obese (OW\\/OB) young adults, whether number of social contacts trying to lose weight is associated

Tricia M. Leahey; Jessica Gokee LaRose; Joseph L. Fava; Rena R. Wing

2011-01-01

388

Determinants of body fatness in young adults living in a Dutch community  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1979, the Department of Human Nutrition of the Agricultural University at Wageningen began a research project on obesity in young adults. The main objectives of this project are the investigation of aetiological aspects and health consequences of obesity. It is a prospective study and is being carried out in a young adult population of three age groups (19-21, 24-26

J. A. H. Baecke

1982-01-01

389

The Influence of Changes in Marital Status on Developmental Trajectories of Alcohol Use in Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. Objective. Multiple group latent curve analysis was used to assess the impact of changes in marital status on alcohol use trajecto- ries in young adults and to test if these effects varied across ethnicity and gender. Method: Four years of data were obtained from a sample of young adults (N = 4,052; 54% male) drawn from the National Longitudinal

Patrick J. Curran; Bengt O. Muthin; Thomas C. Harford

390

Using Alcohol to Sell Cigarettes to Young Adults: A Content Analysis of Cigarette Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Advertising influences the health-related behaviors of college-aged individuals. Cigarette manufacturers aggressively market to young adults and may exploit their affinity for alcohol when creating advertisements designed to increase cigarettes' appeal. Internal tobacco industry documents reveal that cigarette manufacturers understood the popularity of alcohol among young adults and sought to produce pertinent marketing strategies. Methods: The authors conducted a content

Sarah A. Belstock; Gregory N. Connolly; Carrie M. Carpenter; Lindsey Tucker

2008-01-01

391

Stuttering, attractiveness and romantic relationships: The perception of adolescents and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible negative impact of stuttering on romantic opportunities for adolescents and young adults who stutter. The first part of the study investigated if being a person who stutters affects the attractiveness of adolescents and young adults to their peers. To this end, 343 males and 393 females were shown age-matched pictures

John Van Borsel; Marie Brepoels; Janne De Coene

2011-01-01

392

The employment situation of young Chinese adults in the British labour market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese participation in the catering industry is conspicuous in Britain, but there also appears to be an emergence of young Chinese adults diversifying into other occupations and sectors in the British labour market. This paper seeks to gain an understanding of where young Chinese adults are positioned in the occupational structure, why they are situated there, and their attitudes towards

Mary Pang

1999-01-01

393

On the Question of Integrating Young Adult Literature into the Mainstream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Uses the author's own novels and those of Chris Crutcher to explore the harm that is sometimes done to literature labeled Young Adult. Explores a disturbing trend in the publishing, packaging, and attitudes toward such novels: packaging and cover art which panders, and the refusal to hold young adult literature to high standards. (SR)|

Davis, Terry

1997-01-01

394

Physical Fitness Performance of Young Adults with and without Cognitive Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the physical fitness performance of young adults with and without cognitive impairments. Participants were 75 young adults, including 41 without disabilities (23 females, 18 males; M of age = 21.88) and 34 with mild cognitive impairments (14 females, 20 males; M of age = 21.79). They received…

Zhang, Jiabei; Piwowar, Nathan; Reilly, Coleen Jennifer

2009-01-01

395

Trends in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease–related Hospitalizations in US Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate temporal trends of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and obesity among hospitalized US children, adolescents, and young adults over the past 2 decades and to examine potential sex disparities in NAFLD hospitalizations. Methods: Hospitalization discharges with NAFLD or obesity were identified among children and young adults (6-25 years, weighted n ¼ 91,687,413) from the 1986 to 2006

Corinna Koebnick; Darios Getahun; Kristi Reynolds; Karen J. Coleman; Amy H. Porter; Jean M. Lawrence; Mark Punyanitya; Virginia P. Quinn; Steven J Jacobsen

2009-01-01

396

Exploring the Psychosocial and Behavioral Adjustment Outcomes of Multi-Type Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article explores the psychosocial and behavioral adjustment outcomes associated with verbal, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse among homeless young adults as well as the associations among abuse types. Convenience sampling was used to select 28 homeless young adults (ages 18 to 24) from one drop-in center. Overall, subjects experienced…

Ferguson, Kristin M.

2009-01-01

397

Serum Predictors of Percent Lean Mass in Young Adults.  

PubMed

Elevatedlean (skeletal muscle)mass is associated with increased muscle strength and anaerobic exercise performance, whereas low levels of lean mass are associated with insulin resistance and, sarcopenia. Therefore, studies aimed at obtaining an improved understanding of mechanisms related to the quantity of lean mass are of interest. Percent lean mass (total lean mass/body weight x 100) in 77 young subjects (18-35y) was measured withdual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Twenty analytes and two-hundred ninety six metabolites were evaluated with use of the standard chemistry screen and mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomic profiling, respectively. Sex-adjusted multivariable linear regression was used to determine serum analytes and metabolites significantly (p?0.05 and q?0.30) associated with percent lean mass.Two enzymes (ALP and SGOT) and, twenty-nine metaboliteswere found to be significantly associated with percent lean mass, including metabolites related to microbial metabolism, uremia, inflammation, oxidative stress, branched chain and amino acid metabolism, insulin sensitivity, glycerolipid metabolism and xenobiotics. Use of sex-adjusted stepwise regressionto obtain a final covariate predictor model identified the combination of five analytes and metabolites as overall predictors of percent lean mass (model R =82.5%). Collectively, these data suggest that a complex interplay of various metabolic processes underlies the maintenance of lean mass in young, healthy adults. PMID:23774283

Lustgarten, Michael S; Price, Lori Lyn; Phillips, Edward M; Kirn, Dylan; Mills, John; Fielding, Roger A

2013-06-14

398

Personalised electronic messages to improve sun protection in young adults.  

PubMed

We studied the acceptability and feasibility of delivering sun protection messages via electronic media such as short message services (SMS) to people aged 18-40 years. An online survey was conducted using a pre-established panel of volunteers. We compared the characteristics of those who indicated that they would like to be alerted to the UV index, with those who would not, using bivariate logistic regression. Characteristics found to be associated with a desire to receive such advice were entered into a multivariate logistic regression analysis. The median age of the 141 participants was 34 years. Overall, 80% of participants agreed that they would like to receive some form of sun protection advice. Of these, 20% preferred to receive it via SMS and 42% via email. Willingness to receive electronic messages about the UV index was associated with being unsure about whether a suntanned person would look healthy and greater use of sun protection in the past. Careful attention to message framing and timing of message delivery, and focus on the short-term effects of sun exposure such as sunburn and skin ageing should increase the acceptability of such messages to young people. Sun protection messages delivered to young adults via electronic media appear to be feasible and acceptable. PMID:22302765

Mair, Sarah; Soyer, H Peter; Youl, Philippa; Hurst, Cameron; Marshall, Alison; Janda, Monika

2012-02-02

399

Priorities for young adults when accessing UK primary care: literature review.  

PubMed

This literature review focuses on what matters to young adults when they access primary care services in the United Kingdom. Patients' access to and experience of primary care services differs across age groups. Existing research has largely focused on the needs and experiences of children, adolescents, and adults. There is some evidence to suggest the views of young adults (aged 18-25 years) that may differ from the views of other age groups, and research has not previously reported specifically on the views of this group of the population. The literature was reviewed to identify the views and priorities of young UK adults regarding primary healthcare provision, and furthermore, to identify those related topics that would benefit from further research. Relevant academic publications and grey literature published from 2000 onwards was reviewed and synthesised. We identified and reported emerging themes that were of importance to young adults in respect of the UK primary care provision. A total of 19 papers met our inclusion criteria. Young adults access primary care services less frequently than other age groups; this may be because of their experience of primary care throughout childhood and adolescence. Five aspects of primary care provision emerged as being of importance to young adults--the accessibility and availability of services, the confidentiality of health-related information, issues relating to communication with healthcare professionals, continuity of care, and behaviours and attitudes expressed towards young adults by healthcare professionals. There is a lack of focus of current research on the expectations, needs, and primary healthcare experiences of young adults. Young adults may hold views that are distinct from other age groups. Further research is needed to better understand the needs of a young adult population as their needs may impact the future use of services. PMID:23092551

Davey, Antoinette; Carter, Mary; Campbell, John L

2012-10-23

400

Cancer incidence, hospital morbidity, and mortality in young adults in Brazil.  

PubMed

There are still relatively few studies in the world on cancer incidence and mortality in young adults. The current study aimed to explore cancer distribution in young adults in Brazil. A descriptive study was conducted on cancer incidence (selected State capitals), hospital morbidity, and mortality (Brazil and selected capitals) in the 20-24-year age strata in 2000-2002, and trends in cancer mortality rates in Brazil in 1980-2008 in the same population. Testicular cancer was the principal anatomical site in young adult males; in young adult women, the main sites were thyroid, uterine cervix, and Hodgkin disease. Brain cancer was the principal cause of death from cancer in both sexes, and time trends in mortality showed an increase in mortality from brain cancer in men and from lymphocytic leukemia in both sexes. As a whole, the results show an epidemiological pattern of cancer in young adults with regional distribution characteristics. PMID:23703008

Santos, Sabrina da Silva; Melo, Leticia Rodrigues; Koifman, Rosalina Jorge; Koifman, Sergio

2013-05-01

401

HIV\\/AIDS-Related Knowledge Among Malaysian Young Adults: Findings From a Nationwide Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: HIV\\/AIDS poses a serious threat to young people, both in Malaysia and throughout the world. A nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV\\/AIDS among the Malaysian public. This article reports the findings of knowledge about HIV\\/AIDS among young adults. METHODS: A total of 1075 young adult respondents aged 15–24 years participated in

Li-Ping Wong; Caroline-Kwong Leng Chin; Wah-Yun Low; Nasruddin Jaafar

2008-01-01

402

Factors determining participation in young adults with a physical disability: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To evaluate in a pilot study the usefulness of measures of health and psychosocial status for use with young people with physical and complex disability. Also to test empirically a conceptual model of the factors determining key outcomes in young disabled adults, in particular, participation (handicap).Design: A cross-sectional study involving face-to-face interviews with young adults aged 16–28 years (n

N. Bent; A. Jones; I. Molloy; M. A. Chamberlain; A. Tennant

2001-01-01

403

Direct and indirect measures of memory for modality in young and older adults.  

PubMed

In 2 experiments, young and older adults demonstrated modality effects of similar magnitude in perceptual identification tasks. That is, both young and older adults demonstrated more repetition priming when study and test modalities matched than when they were different, suggesting that contextual information was equally available across age. However, when asked explicitly to retrieve modality information, older adults were less accurate than young adults. These results constitute evidence for a dissociation between direct and indirect measures of memory for modality information. They call into question hypotheses that memory impairment in old age is due to deficient encoding of contextual information and challenge current accounts of modality effects in repetition priming. PMID:1447552

Light, L L; LaVoie, D; Valencia-Laver, D; Owens, S A; Mead, G

1992-11-01

404

Everyday life of young adults with intellectual disabilities: inclusionary and exclusionary processes among young adults of parents with intellectual disability.  

PubMed

Ten young adults with an intellectual disability whose parents, too, have an intellectual disability were interviewed and completed questionnaires for this exploratory study aimed at charting their experiences of everyday life. Most of the participants reported high life satisfaction, especially with the domains of friends, leisure time, and family, and considered their families as a resource for their empowerment and development of resilience. The study participants' informal networks were composed of only a few individuals who, moreover, were mostly of dissimilar age and also included support professionals. The participants typically described themselves as excluded from others, an experience that was articulated most conspicuously in their narratives about the special schools they were attending. PMID:23834213

Starke, Mikaela

2013-06-01

405

The Effects of Emotional Content on Reality-Monitoring Performance in Young and Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reality monitoring refers to a person's ability to distinguish between perceived and imagined events. Prior research has demonstrated that young adults show a reality-monitoring advantage for negative arousing information as compared with neutral information. The present research examined whether this reality-monitoring benefit extends to positive information in young adults and whether older adults show a reality-monitoring advantage for emotional information

Elizabeth A. Kensinger; Jacqueline L. OBrien; Kelley Swanberg; Rachel J. Garoff-Eaton; Daniel L. Schacter

2007-01-01

406

Comparison of three-dimensional lower extremity running kinematics of young adult and elderly runners  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to compare the three-dimensional lower extremity running kinematics of young adult runners and elderly runners. Seventeen elderly adults (age 67–73 years) and 17 young adults (age 26–36 years) ran at 3.1 m · s on a treadmill while the movements of the lower extremity during the stance phase were recorded at 120 Hz using three-dimensional video. The three-dimensional

Reginaldo K. Fukuchi; Marcos Duarte

2008-01-01

407

Trunk sway reductions in young and older adults using multi-modal biofeedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated whether real-time biofeedback of angular trunk displacement could alter balance performance among healthy older and young adults. Healthy community-dwelling older adults (n=32) and healthy young adults (n=32) were included in the randomized control trial study. The intervention group received combined vibrotactile, auditory and visual biofeedback of angular trunk displacement in real-time during training on a battery of

Justin R. Davis; Mark G. Carpenter; Roger Tschanz; Simon Meyes; Daniel Debrunner; Juergen Burger; John H. J. Allum

2010-01-01

408

Health-promoting life styles of older adults: comparisons with young and middle-aged adults, correlates and patterns.  

PubMed

The purposes of the study presented were to compare the health-promoting behaviors of older adults with those of young and middle-aged adults, to examine the relationship of age and other sociodemographic characteristics to life style throughout adulthood, and to identify differing life-style patterns among older adults. Six dimensions of life style were measured by the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile in 452 adults aged 18 to 88. Older adults had higher scores in overall health-promoting life style and in the dimensions of health responsibility, nutrition, and stress management than both young and middle-aged adults. Sociodemographic variables accounted for only 13.4% of the variance in life style and for 5.2% to 18.6% in its six dimensions. Five major health-promoting life-style patterns were identified among older adults, depicting a heterogeneous group with varying needs for health promotion programming. PMID:3140723

Walker, S N; Volkan, K; Sechrist, K R; Pender, N J

1988-10-01

409

Beyond false belief: theory of mind in young, young-old, and old-old adults.  

PubMed

Theory of mind (ToM) refers to humans' ability to recognize the existence of mental states, such as beliefs, emotions, and desires. The literature on ToM in aging and on the relationship between ToM and other cognitive functions, like executive functions, is not homogenous. The aim of the present study was to explore the course of ToM and to investigate the role of working memory, inhibition, and language on the possible age differences in ToM. To address these issues, we examined ToM using the Strange Stories task and executive function task in three age groups. Results showed that young adults outperform both old groups on the ToM stories. This difference remains significant also when controlling for working memory and inhibitory control. Our findings suggest a specific impairment in inferring mental states starting from 60 years of age that seems to be independent of changes in executive functions. PMID:23781702

Cavallini, Elena; Lecce, Serena; Bottiroli, Sara; Palladino, Paola; Pagnin, Adriano

2013-01-01

410

Labor market participation among young adults: an event history analysis.  

PubMed

This study models culture of poverty explanations, earlier experiences that tend to restrict opportunities, demographic effects representing differential rates of participation by social groups, and health and marijuana use variables indicating the influence of individual life- style differences as predictors of the rate of labor market entry, promotion, and dismissal among subjects from early adolescence to young adulthood. The data are drawn from the 1st and 4th waves of a 4-wave panel of half the 1971 Houston, Texas, Independent School District 7th grade born in 1958. The findings indicate that those who believe most in the efficacy of alternatives to conventional social and economic institutions and those who expect to benefit least are most likely to have higher rates of participation. This higher rate of participation is significantly greater for earlier years and contradicts predictions of a culture of poverty theory. 1 opportunity-structure variable, poor grades, significantly increases the rate of entry into the labor market primarily because it represents the inability of individuals to pursue advanced education prior to labor market entry. Education reduces overall rates of labor market entry for a young adult cohort by delaying labor market entry. The strong relationship between drug use and unemployment may be due to motivation, impaired ability, probability of failure, or increased time to use drugs. The findings also indicate that females are more capable overall of performing their jobs and getting along with co-workers but are less likely to be promoted. Finally, those who have been sanctioned or disadvantaged within the institutions that define and enforce the norms of the economic opportunity structure are significantly more likely to enter the labor market earlier and continue to have higher rates of negative experiences, such as dismissal, within those institutions. PMID:12316383

Johnson, R J; Herring, C

1989-09-01

411

Association of Calcium Intake, Dairy Product Consumption with Overweight Status in Young Adults (1995-1996): The Bogalusa Heart Study  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The objective is to examine the association between calcium intake and dairy product consumption with overweight and obesity in young adults. The sample used in this study consisted of 1306 young adults, ages 19–38 years, who participated in the 1995–1996 young adult survey. Analysis was performed w...

412

Racial Differences in Incident Heart Failure among Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Background The epidemiology of heart failure (HF) in young adults is poorly understood. Methods The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study evaluated 5115 black and white men and women, age 18–30 at baseline, for the development of heart disease over 20 years. We examined predictors of hospitalization or death from HF using Cox models. Results In 20 years, 27 participants developed HF (mean age, 39±6). All but one were black, with a cumulative incidence before age 50 in black women of 1.1% (0.6–1.7%), black men=0.9% (0.5–1.4%), white women=0.08% (0.0–0.5%), white men=0.0% (0.0–0.4%; p=0.001 for blacks vs. whites). In blacks, independent predictors at age 18–30 of HF occurring 15 years later included higher diastolic blood pressure (HR per 10.0 mmHg=2.1, 1.4–3.1), higher body mass index (HR per 5.7 kg/m2=1.4, 1.0–1.9), lower HDL cholesterol (HR per 13.3 mg/dL=0.6, 0.4–1.0), and kidney disease (HR 20, 4.5–87). Three quarters of those who subsequently developed HF had hypertension by age 40; one quarter had depressed systolic function on study echocardiogram at age 23–35. Systolic function was associated with subsequent HF 10 years later (abnormal: HR=37, 6.9–200; borderline: HR=3.5, 1.2–10). Myocardial infarction, drug use, or alcohol use were not associated with HF risk. Conclusions Incident HF before age 50 is substantially more common among blacks than whites and is not rare. Hypertension, obesity, kidney disease, and systolic dysfunction before age 35 are antecedents of HF 1–2 decades later and may be important for screening and treatment aimed at HF prevention.

Bibbins-Domingo, Kirsten; Pletcher, Mark J.; Lin, Feng; Vittinghoff, Eric; Gardin, Julius M.; Arynchyn, Alexander; Lewis, Cora; Williams, O. Dale; Hulley, Stephen B.

2009-01-01

413

PTSD Contributes to Teen and Young Adult Cannabis Use Disorders  

PubMed Central

Background Previous studies involving adults suggest that Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) increases the prevalence of cannabis use disorders (CUD)(cannabis dependence and cannabis abuse). However, little work with PTSD and CUD has been conducted involving adolescents, despite the fact that CUD typically have their onset during adolescence. This study addresses the effect of PTSD on CUD among teenagers transitioning to young adulthood. Method The subjects in this ongoing study were the offspring of adult men with a lifetime history of a Substance Use Disorder (SUD) (SUD + probands, N=343) versus those with no lifetime history of a SUD (SUD ? probands, N=350). The participants were initially recruited when the index sons of these fathers were 10-12 years of age, and subsequent assessments were conducted at age 12-14, 16, 19, 22, and 25. Other variable examined were an index of behavioral undercontrol associated with future risk for developing SUD, known as the Transmissible Liability Index, or TLI, and affiliation with deviant peers. Multivariate logistic regression and path analyses were conducted. Results Of these 693 subjects, 31 subjects were diagnosed with PTSD, and 161 were diagnosed with a CUD. The CUD subjects included 136 male participants and 25 female participants, including 103 (64%) Caucasian participants and 58 (36%) participants of other races. Logistic regression demonstrated that the development of a CUD was associated with deviance of peers (Wald=63.4, p=0.000), the TLI (Wald=28.8, p=0.000), African American race (Wald=14.2, p=0.000), PTSD (Wald=12.7, p=0.000), male gender (Wald=12.0, p=0.001), household SES (Wald=9.2, p=0.002), and being an offspring of a SUD+ proband (Wald=6.9, 0.009). Path analyses demonstrated that PTSD is directly associated with the presence of a CUD and with peer deviance, that higher peer deviance is associated with the presence of a CUD, and that PTSD mediated the association between peer deviance and CUD. Conclusions These findings suggest that PTSD contributes to the etiology of CUD among teenagers making the transition to young adulthood beyond the effects of deviant peers, the TLI (Transmissible Liability Index, a measure of risk for SUD), and demographic factors.

Cornelius, Jack R.; Kirisci, Levent; Reynolds, Maureen; Clark, Duncan B.; Hayes, Jeanine; Tarter, Ralph

2009-01-01

414

Functional analysis of cilia and ciliated epithelial ultrastructure in healthy children and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: There are very few data on normal ciliary beat frequency, beat pattern, and ultrastructure in healthy children and adults. A study was undertaken to define ciliary structure, beat frequency and beat pattern in a healthy paediatric and young adult population.Methods: Ciliated epithelial samples were obtained from 76 children and adult volunteers aged 6 months to 43 years by brushing

M A Chilvers; A Rutman; C OCallaghan

2003-01-01

415

Young Adults, Partners and Parents: Individual Agency and the Problems of Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although young adults in the United Kingdom increasingly defer economic independence, they are still "adult" in other respects. Family and household formation often occur before economic independence is achieved. Parents have increased power to influence their adult children's early partnership behaviour, by providing or withholding economic…

Jones, Gill; O'Sullivan, Ann; Rouse, Julia

2006-01-01

416

Comparison of gastrointestinal adverse effects of ketoprofen between adult and young cats.  

PubMed

This study elucidated differences in predisposition to the gastrointestinal adverse effects of ketoprofen between young and adult cats. Ketoprofen was administered subcutaneously (2.0 mg/kg, s.c.) once a day for 3 days. The animals were sacrificed 24 hr after final injection to allow examination of gastrointestinal mucosal lesions. Ketoprofen caused gastric lesions in adult cats (>6 months) but not in young cats (<3 months). Ketoprofen caused more severe small intestinal lesions in adult cats than in young cats. In the study of prevention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced hyperthermia using ketoprofen, young and adult cats of both sexes were administered LPS (0.3 ?g/kg, intravenously), and body temperature was measured 24 hr later. Ketoprofen was administered subcutaneously 30 min before LPS injection. LPS-induced hyperthermia was almost completely inhibited by pretreatment with ketoprofen in both adult and young cats. In the pharmacokinetics of ketoprofen, plasma concentrations were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. No significant differences were observed in plasma concentrations of two mirror-image R(-) and S(+) ketoprofen between young and adult cats from 0.5-4 hr after injection. As observed in a previous study using flunixin, the degree of gastrointestinal damage was unrelated to plasma concentrations of ketoprofen. The results of this study demonstrated that ketoprofen is safer for use in young cats than in adult cats from the viewpoint of gastrointestinal adverse effects. PMID:22785617

Takata, Kenji; Hikasa, Yoshiaki; Satoh, Hiroshi

2012-07-10

417

Young adults' performance in a low intensity weight loss campaign  

PubMed Central

Young adults (YA) are underrepresented in behavioral weight loss programs and achieve poorer outcomes than older adults (OA). There has been a call to develop programs specifically targeting this age group. This study examined the performance of YA enrolled in a low intensity, team-based weight loss campaign and compared their outcomes to OA to determine the utility of such an approach for weight loss in this population. Shape Up Rhode Island 2009 was a 12-week online team-based weight loss and exercise competition (N=6795, 81% female, 94% White, age=44.7±11.2, BMI=29.4±5.9). YA was defined as 18–35 years and OA as >35 years; YA and OA were compared on enrollment, retention, weight loss and change in steps. A total of 1562 YA enrolled and 715 completed the program. Fewer YA completed compared with OA (46% vs. 62%, p<.001). However, among completers, YA achieved greater percent weight loss (?4.5±4.0% vs. ?3.8±3.2%) and greater daily step change (+1578.2±3877.2 vs. +1342.2±3645.7) than OA (p’s<.001). Further, more YA completers achieved a ?5% weight loss (40% vs. 29%, p<.001). Findings were consistent in the overweight/obese subsample, and using ?25 years of age as the cut off for YA. Weight losses among YA in this low-intensity weight loss campaign were quite promising, with over 700 YA completing the program and on average achieving a 4.5% weight loss. Indeed, the potential public health impact of such an approach is substantial; future efforts to develop programs for this age group may benefit from using a low intensity, team-based approach.

LaRose, Jessica Gokee; Leahey, Tricia M.; Weinberg, Brad M.; Kumar, Rajiv; Wing, Rena R.

2013-01-01

418

BODY MASS INDEX AND REGULAR SMOKING IN YOUNG ADULT WOMEN  

PubMed Central

Little is known about the relationship between relative body weight and transition from experimentation to regular smoking in young adult women. In the current study, data from 2494 participants in wave 4 of the Missouri Adolescent Female Twin Study (aged 18-29 years) who reported ever smoking a cigarette were analyzed using logistic regression. Body mass index (BMI) at time of interview was categorized according to CDC adult guidelines, and regular smoking was defined as having ever smoked 100 or more cigarettes and having smoked at least once a week for two months in a row. Since the OR’s for the overweight and obese groups did not differ significantly from one another in any model tested, these groups were combined. Forty-five percent of women who had ever smoked had become regular smokers. Testing of interactions between potential covariates and levels of the categorical BMI variable revealed a significant interaction between overweight/obesity and childhood sexual abuse (CSA; p<0.001) associated with regular smoking. Among women reporting CSA, the association between overweight/obesity and having become a regular smoker was negative (n=374; OR=0.48, 95% CI: 0.28-0.81). Both underweight and overweight/obesity were positively associated with transition to regular smoking among women who did not report CSA (n=2076; OR=1.57, 95% CI: 1.05-2.35 and OR=1.73, 95% CI: 1.35-2.20, respectively). These results suggest that experiencing CSA alters the association between BMI and regular smoking in women who have experimented with cigarettes.

Duncan, Alexis E.; Lessov-Schlaggar, Christina N.; Nelson, Elliot C.; Pergadia, Michele L.; Madden, Pamela A.F.; Heath, Andrew C.

2010-01-01

419

Integrated Smoking Cessation and Binge Drinking Intervention for Young Adults: a Pilot Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Alcohol consumption is strongly associated with cigarette smoking in young adults.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Purpose  The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability and estimate the magnitude of the effect of a novel-integrated smoking\\u000a cessation and binge-drinking intervention for young adults compared with standard treatment control.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Participants were 41 young adult smokers (?10 cigarettes per day) who regularly (?2 times per month)

Steven C. Ames; Chudley E. Werch; Gretchen E. Ames; Lori J. Lange; Darrell R. Schroeder; Andrew C. Hanson; Christi A. Patten

2010-01-01

420

Dilated cardiomyopathy in young adult Africans: a sequel to infections?  

PubMed

Over a period of 6 years, only twelve cases of dilated cardiomyopathy were clinically diagnosed in Nigerians between the ages of 11-30 years at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. Eleven presented with heart failure, while the twelfth patient presented with a cerebrovascular accident. Two other patients also had a cerebrovascular accident. A history of febrile illness was obtained in seven, but in only three was fever unresponsive to antimalarials, documented on admission. Antistreptolysin-O titre was normal and erythrocyte sedimentation rates elevated in each of the patients. Leucocytosis was present in six, three had a four-fold rise or fall in antibody titres against Coxsackie-B viruses and one, a four-fold rise or fall against Toxoplasma gondii. Histological evidences of myopericarditis were found in three of the six patients who died. It is concluded that dilated cardiomyopathy is rare in young adult Nigerians, and that constitutional upset is common, as in children, but prognosis is poorer. Infections by Coxsackie-B viruses, T. gondii and possibly other viruses appear to be of major aetiological factors PMID:6291352

Falase, A O; Sekoni, G A; Adenle, A D

1982-03-01

421

Diallyl disulfide impairs hippocampal neurogenesis in the young adult brain.  

PubMed

Garlic and garlic extracts are used as seasonings and are generally considered beneficial to human health, which include antioxidant and neuroprotective properties in neurological disorders. In the present study, we examined the effects of garlic sulfur components on the proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and hippocampal neurogenesis. Of the sulfur compounds extracted, diallyl disulfide (DADS) significantly suppressed the proliferation of NPCs, whereas other sulfur containing components had no effect. In order to investigate the effect of DADS on adult hippocampal neurogenesis, DADS was administered orally to young (6 week-old) male C57BL/6 mice for 2 weeks. It was found that 10 mg/kg of DADS significantly decreased the proliferation of NPCs in the dentate gyrus without affecting the survival of newly generated cells. Furthermore, DADS decreased levels of hippocampal BDNF, phosphorylated CREB signaling, and phosphorylated ERKs, which are known to be related to hippocampal neurogenesis and NPCs proliferation. In addition, DADS induced significant memory defects as compared with controls. We report that DADS may have adverse effects on hippocampal neurogenesis and neurocognitive functions by modulating ERK and BDNF-CREB signaling, and suggest that the advisability of consuming large amounts of garlic products should be considered, particularly during the period of neural growth. PMID:23732363

Ji, Seung Taek; Kim, Min-Sun; Park, Hee Ra; Lee, Eunjin; Lee, Yujeong; Jang, Young Jung; Kim, Hyung Sik; Lee, Jaewon

2013-05-31

422

Political Orientations Are Correlated with Brain Structure in Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Summary Substantial differences exist in the cognitive styles of liberals and conservatives on psychological measures [1]. Variability in political attitudes reflects genetic influences and their interaction with environmental factors [2, 3]. Recent work has shown a correlation between liberalism and conflict-related activity measured by event-related potentials originating in the anterior cingulate cortex [4]. Here we show that this functional correlate of political attitudes has a counterpart in brain structure. In a large sample of young adults, we related self-reported political attitudes to gray matter volume using structural MRI. We found that greater liberalism was associated with increased gray matter volume in the anterior cingulate cortex, whereas greater conservatism was associated with increased volume of the right amygdala. These results were replicated in an independent sample of additional participants. Our findings extend previous observations that political attitudes reflect differences in self-regulatory conflict monitoring [4] and recognition of emotional faces [5] by showing that such attitudes are reflected in human brain structure. Although our data do not determine whether these regions play a causal role in the formation of political attitudes, they converge with previous work [4, 6] to suggest a possible link between brain structure and psychological mechanisms that mediate political attitudes.

Kanai, Ryota; Feilden, Tom; Firth, Colin; Rees, Geraint

2011-01-01

423

Acute Myocardial Infarction in Young Adults Who Abuse Amphetamines  

PubMed Central

Background Case reports suggest a link between methamphetamine abuse and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but no epidemiologic studies have examined this link. Our objective was to test the hypothesis that young adults who abuse amphetamines are at higher risk for AMI. Methods In this study of 3,148,165 discharges from Texas hospitals in a quality indicators database during 2000 to 2003, among persons aged 18 to 44 years we identified 11,011 AMIs, defined according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality’s AMI mortality inpatient quality indicator. Results In a multiple logistic regression analysis—while controlling for cocaine abuse, alcohol abuse, tobacco use, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, lipid disorders, obesity, congenital defects, and coagulation defects—amphetamine abuse was significantly associated with AMI (adjusted odds ratio = 1.61; 95% confidence interval = 1.24—2.04, p=0.0004). The rate of AMIs among amphetamine abusers increased significantly from 2000 to 2003. The population attributable risk suggests that amphetamine abuse is responsible for 0.2% of AMIs in the state of Texas. The geographical distribution of amphetamine abuse varied by region, with the prevalence being highest in the North Texas and Panhandle regions of Texas. Conclusions This modest, though statistically robust, association suggests that amphetamine abuse may play a role in AMI.

Westover, Arthur N.; Nakonezny, Paul A.; Haley, Robert W.

2008-01-01

424

Recurrent acute coronary events in a young adult.  

PubMed

Acute myocardial infarction (MI) in young adults is rare. Clinicopathological conditions such as nephrotic syndrome, antiphospholipid syndrome, spontaneous coronary artery spasms or embolism can be attributed to such events. In this case report, we present a 30-year-old male who had his first MI at the age of 20 years. He received percutaneous intervention as initial treatment. Despite aggressive risk factor management, he continued to have acute coronary events and was later diagnosed with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). At the same time, he was diagnosed with severe chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension and severe tricuspid regurgitation. He underwent pulmonary endartererectomy, tricuspid annuloplasty and radial artery bypass graft to the first obtuse marginal artery. Warfarin therapy was initiated upon the diagnosis of APS. Despite being therapeutic on warfarin and aggressive risk factor management, he had yet another MI. Coronary angiogram at this time showed fresh occlusion of the right coronary artery at the mid-segment, and the patient received two overlapping stents that achieved a good effect. This case emphasizes the importance of awareness, early recognition and aggressive management of patients with APS presenting chest pain or acute coronary events. Despite appropriate treatment, such as risk factor management and percutaneous interventions, recurrence of an acute coronary event is high. The presentation of younger patients with recurrent coronary events but no significant risk factors of atherosclerosis should evoke the suspicion of APS-related coronary artery disease, and all risk factors should be aggressively managed. PMID:22932774

Thapamagar, Suman B; Aung, Thein T; Mascarenhas, Daniel

2013-02-01

425

Development of behavioral competence in young Drosophila melanogaster adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have monitored the ontogeny of several behaviors performed by young Drosophila melanogasteradults. Very young flies are less active than older flies and are less responsive to gravity, light, an odorant, and sucrose applied to their tarsi. In addition, very young males do not consume sucrose or perform any courtship behaviors in response to virgin females, which provide chemical and

Suzanne C. Ford; Lisa M. Napolitano; Scott P. McRobert; Laurie Tompkins

1989-01-01

426

Young Adult Identities and Their Pathways: A Developmental and Life Course Model  

PubMed Central

Developmental and life course studies of young adult identities have focused on two dimensions, subjective age and psychosocial maturity. This study examines the developmental synchrony of these two processes. In a longitudinal sample of young adults from Add Health (18 to 22), a person-centered analysis of indicators of these dimensions identified four identity profiles. Two depict early and late patterns of identity; the others represent contrasting types of discordance, “pseudo-adult”, subjective age more advanced than maturation level and “anticipatory”, with subjective age less advanced than maturational level. The profiles vary by gender, socioeconomic status, and race-ethnicity as well as by adolescent (ages12–16) pubertal maturation, psychosocial adjustment, and family context. These results provide support for a more holistic, interdisciplinary understanding of adult identity, and show that young adult identities in the Add Health sample follow differentiated paths into the adult years, with largely unknown consequences for the subsequent life course.

Benson, Janel E.; Elder, Glen H.

2013-01-01

427

Defining Adult Experiences: Perspectives of a Diverse Sample of Young Adults  

PubMed Central

This study explored the roles and psychological experiences identified as defining adult moments using mixed methods with a racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse sample of young adults both enrolled and not enrolled in college (N = 726; ages 18-35). First, we evaluated results from a single survey item that asked participants to rate how adult they feel. Consistent with previous research, the majority of participants (56.9%) reported feeling “somewhat like an adult,” and older participants had significantly higher subjective adulthood, controlling for other demographic variables. Next, we analyzed responses from an open-ended question asking participants to describe instances in which they felt like an adult. Responses covered both traditional roles (e.g., marriage, childbearing; 36.1%) and nontraditional social roles and experiences (e.g., moving out of parent’s home, cohabitation; 55.6%). Although we found no differences by age and college status in the likelihood of citing a traditional or nontraditional role, participants who had achieved more traditional roles were more likely to cite them in their responses. In addition, responses were coded for psychological experiences, including responsibility for self (19.0%), responsibility for others (15.3%), self-regulation (31.1%), and reflected appraisals (5.1%). Older participants were significantly more likely to include self-regulation and reflected appraisals, whereas younger participants were more likely to include responsibility for self. College students were more likely than noncollege students to include self-regulation and reflected appraisals. Implications for research and practice are discussed.

Lowe, Sarah R.; Dillon, Colleen O.; Rhodes, Jean E.; Zwiebach, Liza

2013-01-01

428

Neural control of the lips differs for young and older adults following a perturbation  

PubMed Central

Aging impairs the control of many skilled movements including speech. The purpose of this paper was to investigate whether young and older adults adapt to lower lip perturbations during speech differently. Twenty men (10 young, 26 ± 3 years of age; 10 older, 60 ± 9 years of age) were requested to repeat the word (“papa”) 300 times. In 15% of the trials, the subjects experienced a mechanical perturbation on the lower lip. Displacement and neural activation (EMG) of the upper and lower lips were evaluated. Perturbations to the lower lip caused a greater increase in the maximum displacement of the lower lip for older adults compared with young adults (34.7 ± 19% vs. 13.4 ± 17%; P = 0.017). Furthermore, young adults exhibited significantly greater 30–100 Hz normalized EMG power for the lower lip compared to the upper lip (P < 0.005). In young adults, changes from normal to perturbed trials in the 30–50 Hz frequency band of the EMG were negatively correlated to the changes from normal to perturbed trials in the lower lip maximum displacement (R2 = 0.48; P = 0.025). It is concluded that young adults adapt better to lower lip perturbations compared with older adults and that the associated neural activation strategy of the involved muscle is different for the two age groups.

de Miranda Marzullo, Ana Carolina; Neto, Osmar Pinto; Ballard, Kirrie J.; Robin, Donald A.; Chaitow, Lauren

2011-01-01

429

Determining the Needs, Priorities, and Desired Rehabilitation Outcomes of Young Adults Who Have Had a Stroke  

PubMed Central

Background. Guidelines state that young adults' (aged 18–55 years) rehabilitation needs and priorities following stroke are different from older adults'. However, there is a lack of evidence regarding young adults' perspectives of their needs and priorities. Aim. To gain an understanding of young adults' experience of stroke and associated rehabilitation needs, priorities, and desired outcomes. Methods. A qualitative approach was adopted, based on the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty. Longitudinal data were gathered using unstructured interviews and analysed using phenomenological reduction. Results. Ten young adults took part in up to four interviews over two years. An overarching theme, Embodied Disorientation, and three subthemes: Mortal Body, Situated Body, and Embodied Perception of Difference, described the young adults' experience. A subsequent iterative process enabled tabulation of patient-centred rehabilitation needs, priorities, and outcomes. Conclusion. Rehabilitation professionals can use the evidence-based outcomes table to work with young adults to develop meaningful patient-centred goals and select appropriate interventions which align with identified needs and outcomes throughout the stroke recovery trajectory.

Lawrence, Maggie; Kinn, Sue

2012-01-01

430

Microrna profiling analysis of differences between the melanoma of young adults and older adults  

PubMed Central

Background This study represents the first attempt to perform a profiling analysis of the intergenerational differences in the microRNAs (miRNAs) of primary cutaneous melanocytic neoplasms in young adult and older age groups. The data emphasize the importance of these master regulators in the transcriptional machinery of melanocytic neoplasms and suggest that differential levels of expressions of these miRs may contribute to differences in phenotypic and pathologic presentation of melanocytic neoplasms at different ages. Methods An exploratory miRNA analysis of 666 miRs by low density microRNA arrays was conducted on formalin fixed and paraffin embedded tissues (FFPE) from 10 older adults and 10 young adults including conventional melanoma and melanocytic neoplasms of uncertain biological significance. Age-matched benign melanocytic nevi were used as controls. Results Primary melanoma in patients greater than 60 years old was characterized by the increased expression of miRs regulating TLR-MyD88-NF-kappaB pathway (hsa-miR-199a), RAS/RAB22A pathway (hsa-miR-204); growth differentiation and migration (hsa-miR337), epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) (let-7b, hsa-miR-10b/10b*), invasion and metastasis (hsa-miR-10b/10b*), hsa-miR-30a/e*, hsa-miR-29c*; cellular matrix components (hsa-miR-29c*); invasion-cytokinesis (hsa-miR-99b*) compared to melanoma of younger patients. MiR-211 was dramatically downregulated compared to nevi controls, decreased with increasing age and was among the miRs linked to metastatic processes. Melanoma in young adult patients had increased expression of hsa-miR-449a and decreased expression of hsa-miR-146b, hsa-miR-214*. MiR-30a* in clinical stages I-II adult and pediatric melanoma could predict classification of melanoma tissue in the two extremes of age groups. Although the number of cases is small, positive lymph node status in the two age groups was characterized by the statistically significant expression of hsa-miR-30a* and hsa-miR-204 (F-test, p-value < 0.001). Conclusions Our findings, although preliminary, support the notion that the differential biology of melanoma at the extremes of age is driven, in part, by deregulation of microRNA expression and by fine tuning of miRs that are already known to regulate cell cycle, inflammation, Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT)/stroma and more specifically genes known to be altered in melanoma. Our analysis reveals that miR expression differences create unique patterns of frequently affected biological processes that clearly distinguish old age from young age melanomas. This is a novel characterization of the miRnomes of melanocytic neoplasms at two extremes of age and identifies potential diagnostic and clinico-pathologic biomarkers that may serve as novel miR-based targeted modalities in melanoma diagnosis and treatment.

2010-01-01

431

Hostility and health behaviors in young adults: the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study.  

PubMed

Hostility has been associated with coronary heart disease mortality. To assess possible mechanisms linking hostility to coronary heart disease risk, the authors conducted analyses in a cross-sectional study from data collected in 1985 and 1986 on 5,115 young adults, aged 18-30 years, black and white, male and female, in four large urban areas of the United States. The results show that higher levels of hostility as determined by the Cook-Medley Hostility Scale were strongly associated with tobacco and marijuana smoking, increased alcohol consumption, and greater caloric intake in both blacks and whites and in both men and women. The increased caloric consumption was evident in the higher waist/hip ratios, particularly in men (p less than 0.05). The associations were particularly strong (p less than 0.001) for tobacco cigarette smoking and marijuana smoking, with roughly a 1.5 times higher prevalence in the top hostility quartile compared with the bottom quartile after adjusting for age and education. Hostility levels were not related to the percentage of calories from fat or from sucrose intake, to plasma cholesterol levels, or to physical fitness (except for a weak association in the latter in white women). The results describe relations between hostility and health behaviors that may be detrimental to health. The findings provide a possible explanation for the association between hostility and coronary heart disease mortality. PMID:1415137

Scherwitz, L W; Perkins, L L; Chesney, M A; Hughes, G H; Sidney, S; Manolio, T A

1992-07-15

432

76 FR 56263 - Titles II and XVI: Documenting and Evaluating Disability in Young Adults  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Evaluating Disability in Young Adults AGENCY: Social Security Administration...Notice of Social Security Ruling (SSR...SUMMARY: In accordance with...benefits was provided in Section 301 of the Social Security Disability...

2011-09-12

433

Adolescent and young adult women's knowledge of and attitudes toward the intrauterine device  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis study aimed to assess adolescent (aged 14–18 years) and young adult (aged 19–24 years) women's knowledge of and attitudes toward intrauterine devices (IUDs) before and after a brief educational intervention.

Amy K. Whitaker; Lisa M. Johnson; Bryna Harwood; Laurel Chiappetta; Mitchell D. Creinin; Melanie A. Gold

2008-01-01

434

Medication usage among young adult women: a comparison between Sweden, the USA, and Greece.  

PubMed

This study evaluated whether or not medication usage among young adult women differed across three countries. An additional aim was to evaluate the association between medication use and sociodemographic factors and exercise habits. A sample of 1098 young adult women were selected in Sweden, the USA, and Greece. Consistent medication usage by young adult women in the three countries related to oral contraceptives and vitamins; nevertheless, there were differences. The main differences were found in the use of laxatives, iron supplements, analgesics, antidepressants, and antacid medication. The most outstanding differences were the frequent use of laxatives in Sweden and vitamins in the USA. Different association patterns were found between medication use and culture, sociodemographic factors, and exercise. The assessment of medication use among young adult women can be performed very easily and provides an immediate indication of their well-being and needs for preventative care. PMID:18257825

Lidell, Evy; Luepker, Russell; Baigi, Amir; Lagiou, Areti; Hildingh, Cathrine

2008-03-01

435

Literacy through Literature: A Reading Club with Imprisoned Youth and Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A prison reading club can provide motivation to learn to read and write, reinforce conventional learning, and support individual development. The literate environment created is a tool for resocialization of incarcerated youth and young adults. (SK)

Budweg, Peter; Schins, Marie-Therese

1991-01-01

436

Intergenerational transmission of gambling: links between young adult and perceived grandparent gambling attitudes and behavior.  

PubMed

This study examined associations between the gambling attitudes and behavior of 213 young adults and their perceptions of the gambling attitudes and behavior of their closest grandparent. Regression analyses showed that young adult gambling attitudes mediated the relations between perceived grandparent gambling attitudes and behavior and young adult gambling behavior. Grandparent-grandchild relationship quality experienced while growing up did not moderate the relations between young adult and perceived grandparent gambling attitudes and behavior. Men experienced gambling at a younger age and reported more positive gambling attitudes, more frequent gambling activity, higher levels of gambling pathology, and higher levels of gambling affinity than women. Implications of results and suggestions for future research are discussed. PMID:22628170

Lang, Andrea M; Randall, Brandy A

2013-09-01

437

A Retrospective Look at Young Adult Literature of the 1980's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents an annotated list of the 10 best fiction and the 10 best nonfiction young adult literature published in the 1980s. Notes that the books mix popularity and quality into a cake of reading motivation. (RS)|

Abrahamson, Richard F.

1992-01-01

438

Life events, perceived stress and antibody response to influenza vaccination in young, healthy adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveChronic stress has been associated with impaired response to influenza vaccination in the elderly. This study investigated whether mild, intermittent stress experienced by young, healthy adults has a similar effect.

Victoria E Burns; Douglas Carroll; Mark Drayson; Martin Whitham; Christopher Ring

2003-01-01

439

Battle on the Gender Homefront: Depictions of the American Civil War in Contemporary Young-Adult Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Civil War has been a popular topic for young-adult writers for years, with new books now being written from young\\u000a women’s perspectives. In this paper, I will examine the gender ideologies that infiltrate contemporary Civil War books for\\u000a young adults. I will examine four recent young-adult Civil-War novels: G. Clifton Wisler’s Mr. Lincoln’s Drummer (1995); Maureen Stack Sappy’s

Alisa Clapp-Itnyre

2007-01-01

440

The use of mental health services among young adults with emotional and behavioural problems: equal use for equal needs?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  Mental health problems are highly prevalent in young adults. Despite possibilities for effective treatment, only about one-third\\u000a of young adults with mental health problems seek professional help. Little knowledge exists of which groups of young adults\\u000a are underusing mental health services and for what reasons. The present study examined socio-demographic inequalities in the\\u000a use of mental health services by young

Kathleen Vanheusden; Jan van der Ende; Cornelis L. Mulder; Frank J. van Lenthe; Frank C. Verhulst; Johan P. Mackenbach

2008-01-01

441

Wine preference and related health determinants in a U.S. national sample of young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined relationships between wine preference and selected health determinants in a U.S. national sample of young adults to improve understanding of the association between light-moderate wine consumption and long-term morbidity and mortality risk. Interview data collected from 12,958 young adults who participated in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed to determine whether wine preference was

Mallie Paschall; Robert I. Lipton

2005-01-01

442

P-031 Endovascular treatment in young adults with acute ischemic stroke: a single center experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo assess the safety and efficacy of different endovascular treatment modalities in young adults with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).BackgroundStroke in young adults is less common compared to the elderly but forms a significant burden in terms of morbidity and mortality. Endovascular therapies for AIS are relatively new modalities showing great promise. Data regarding their efficacy in this population is scant.Design\\/MethodsRetrospective

S Mehta; J Sharma; H Masoud; S Chowdhry; A Nanda; C Sila; K Blackham

2011-01-01

443

Assessment of Sickle Cell Pain in Children and Young Adults Using the Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objectives of this study were to describe and compare the characteristics of pain experienced by children and young adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) in inpatient and outpatient settings. The Adolescent Pediatric Pain Tool (APPT), a multidimensional self-report pain assessment, was completed by African American children and young adults (mean age 15.39 ± 4.32) with SCD during a clinic

Linda S Franck; Marsha Treadwell; Eufemia Jacob; Elliott Vichinsky

2002-01-01

444

Risky Eating Behaviors of Young Adults—Implications for Food Safety Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults engage in risky eating behaviors like eating raw\\/undercooked foods of animal origin that put them at increased risk for foodborne disease. This cross-sectional survey assessed the self-reported risky eating behaviors of young adults enrolled in higher education as a part of a large-scale survey administered over 10 months. Par- ticipants (N4,343) completed a risky eating question- naire by

CAROL BYRD-BREDBENNER; JACLYN MAURER ABBOT; VIRGINIA WHEATLEY; DONALD SCHAFFNER; CHRISTINE BRUHN; LYDIA BLALOCK

445

Reliability and Validity of Self-Reported Smoking in an Anonymous Online Survey With Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The Internet offers many potential benefits to conducting smoking and other health behavior research with young adults. Questions, however, remain regarding the psychometric properties of online self-reported smoking behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of self-reported smoking and smoking-related cognitions obtained from an online survey. Methods: Young adults (N = 248) age

Danielle E. Ramo; Sharon M. Hall; Judith J. Prochaska

2011-01-01

446

High prevalence of glucose intolerance even among young adults in south India  

Microsoft Academic Search

India is experiencing an epidemic of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in young adults. This study reports the prevalence of glucose intolerance, and insulin profiles, and their relationship to lifestyle factors in 2218 young adults (aged 26–32 years; 997 urban, 1221 rural) in south India. They were drawn from a cohort of 10,691 individuals born during 1969–1973 in Vellore and

Palany Raghupathy; Belavendra Antonisamy; Caroline H. D. Fall; Finney S. Geethanjali; Samantha D. Leary; Julia Saperia; G. Priya; Abel Rajaratnam; Joseph Richard

2007-01-01

447

Tobacco use among young adults in Norway, 1973-95: has the decrease levelled out?  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of tobacco use among young Norwegian adults, 1973-1995. DESIGN: Cross sectional personal and telephone surveys. SETTING: Norway, 1973-1995. PARTICIPANTS: Population based samples of Norwegians aged 16-74 years. RESULTS: A trend to a decline in tobacco use among young adult Norwegians during the 1960s and 1970s levelled out during the 1980s. Hence, the total prevalence of

P. Kraft; T. Svendsen

1997-01-01

448

Sweet and sour preferences in young children and adults: role of repeated exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the influence of repeated exposure to orangeades with added sucrose and different concentrations of citric acid, on the taste preferences of 6- to-11-year-old children and young adults.During an intervention study of 8 days, 59 children (9.2±0.9 years) and 46 young adults (22±2.0 years) received, each day, either an orangeade with a sweet taste, a sour taste, or no

Djin Gie Liem; Cees de Graaf

2004-01-01

449

The knowledge and practice of food safety by young and adult consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Each year, millions of people worldwide suffer from food-borne diseases and illnesses. Therefore, food-related infection is an important health problem in many countries. The study was conducted in Ankara Province of Turkey to determine food safety and food preparation practices of young and adult consumers. The sampling group was composed of randomly-selected 646 young and 815 adult individuals and questionnaires

Nevin sanlier

2009-01-01

450

Eating disorders in young adults with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: a controlled study  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To determine the prevalence of clinical eating disorders and lesser degrees of disturbed eating in young adults with insulin dependent diabetes and a matched sample of non-diabetic female controls. DESIGN--Cross sectional survey of eating habits and attitudes in diabetic and non-diabetic subjects. SETTING--Outpatient clinic catering for young adults with diabetes; community sample of non-diabetic women drawn from the lists of

C G Fairburn; R C Peveler; B Davies; J I Mann; R A Mayou

1991-01-01

451

Hemispheric differences in use-dependent corticomotor plasticity in young and old adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine corticomotor excitability and plasticity following repetitive thumb abduction training\\u000a in left and right hands of young and old adults. Electromyographic recordings were obtained from the abductor pollicis brevis\\u000a (APB) muscle of 12 young (aged 18–27 years) and 14 old (aged 63–75 years) adults. Motor training consisted of 300 ballistic\\u000a abductions of the thumb to

John Cirillo; Nigel C. Rogasch; John G. Semmler

2010-01-01

452

Review of health behaviors and their correlates among young adult cancer survivors  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is imperative that young adult cancer survivors address any modifiable risk factors, given their increased health risks.\\u000a Unfortunately, few behavioral interventions have been developed for this population. The literature on physical activity,\\u000a smoking, and alcohol and drug use among young adult cancer survivors was reviewed in order to identify the behaviors most\\u000a in need of intervention, the most vulnerable

Carolyn Rabin

2011-01-01

453

Behavioral self-regulation for weight loss in young adults: a randomized controlled trial  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining young adults in a brief behavioral weight loss intervention tailored for this age group, and to assess the preliminary efficacy of an intervention that emphasizes daily self-weighing within the context of a self-regulation model. METHODS: Forty young adults (29.1 ± 3.9 years, range 21–35, average BMI of 33.36 ± 3.4) were

Jessica Gokee-LaRose; Amy A Gorin; Rena R Wing

2009-01-01

454

Advanced Coronary and Carotid Arteriopathy in Young Adults With Childhood-Onset Chronic Renal Failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Cardiovascular mortality is excessive in young adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The factors contributing to ESRD-related vascular disease are incompletely understood. Young adults with childhood-onset chronic renal failure (CRF) are uniquely suited for risk factor assessment because of their long-term exposure at an age when vascular pathology in the general population is still minimal. Methods and Results—We used novel

Jun Oh; Rainer Wunsch; Martin Turzer; Malte Bahner; Paolo Raggi; Uwe Querfeld; Otto Mehls; Franz Schaefer

2002-01-01

455

Knowledge of young African American adults about heart disease: a cross-sectional survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  African Americans have higher rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality than other ethnic groups. Young adults are prime\\u000a targets for intervention strategies to prevent and reduce disease risk. The study purpose was to determine the level of knowledge\\u000a of lifestyle risk factors for CVD among young African American adults in Phoenix. The results will be used to guide the development

Donna M Winham; Kathleen M Jones

2011-01-01

456

Young adult smoking: What factors differentiate ex-smokers, smoking cessation treatment seekers and nontreatment seekers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study investigated demographic and psychosocial correlates of smoking status and predictors of smoking cessation among young adults, ages 18–30years old. Young adults (n=294) completed a self-report survey regarding their health habits and smokers were offered the opportunity to enroll in a smoking cessation program. Substitute reinforcers were greater among ex-smokers compared to nontreatment-seeking smokers, treatment-seeking smokers who did

Janet Audrain-McGovern; Daniel Rodriguez; Leonard H. Epstein; Kelli Rodgers; Jocelyn Cuevas; E. Paul Wileyto

2009-01-01

457

Identifying Clinically Distinct Subgroups of Self-Injurers Among Young Adults: A Latent Class Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

High rates of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI; 14%–17%) in adolescents and young adults suggest that some self-injurers may exhibit more or different psychiatric problems than others. In the present study, the authors utilized a latent class analysis to identify clinically distinct subgroups of self-injurers. Participants were 205 young adults with a history of 1 or more NSSI behaviors. Latent classes were

E. David Klonsky; Thomas M. Olino

2008-01-01

458

Acquired limb deficiencies. 1. Acquired limb deficiencies in children and young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bryant PR, Pandian G. Acquired limb deficiencies. 1. Acquired limb deficiencies in children and young adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82 Suppl 1:S3-8. This self-directed learning module highlights prosthetic treatment considerations and challenges in children and young adults. It is part of the chapter on acquired limb deficiencies in the Self-Directed Physiatric Education Program for practitioners and trainees in physical

Phillip R. Bryant; Geetha Pandian

2001-01-01

459

[Subjective memory complaints, personality and prefrontal symptomatology in young adults].  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION. This work explores two issues related with the appearance of subjective memory complaints in young adults: on the one hand, the possibility of the complaints being a result of attentional and executive deficits and, on the other, whether certain characteristics of the personality favour and modulate the clinical expression of these complaints. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. The Memory Failures of Everyday questionnaire, Spanish version, the Prefrontal Syndromes Inventory and the Revised Temperament and Character Inventory were administered to a sample of 1132 participants (900 from the general population and 232 on treatment for drug addiction). The correlation among the variables of the memory complaints, of prefrontal functioning in daily life and of the dimensions of personality proposed by Cloninger was explored. The causal relationships among the variables were studied using structural methods. RESULTS. A strong correlation was observed between cognitive complaints and prefrontal symptoms, suggesting that the complaints are, in fact, a result of an inadequate management of the attentional and executive functions that favours daily errors. A relationship with a large effect size is also observed between the cognitive complaints and low self-management. This dimension of the personality offers an important predictive capacity regarding the appearance and the intensity of the complaints, either directly or modulated by other dimensions, especially harm avoidance. CONCLUSIONS. The data back the idea that memory complaints are the result of the self-perception of daily faults and errors that are produced at the attentional and executive level -although they are taken as instances of mnemonic oversight- and that the clinical expression of these complaints is modulated by a profile of the personality. PMID:24052439

Pedrero-Perez, E J; Ruiz-Sanchez de Leon, J M

2013-10-01

460

Otoacoustic emissions in 28 young adults exposed to amplified music.  

PubMed

Popular concern about widespread damage to the hearing from exposure to amplified music continues, although there has been little firm evidence of permanent effects in casual listeners. Measurement of transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs) provides a sensitive technique for testing outer hair cell (OHC) function, and was used in this study of 28 young adults aged 18-25 years, whose only significant source of noise exposure was loud music, to look for evidence of poorer cochlear function in those of greater exposure; they provided 27 right ears and 27 left ears suitable for measurement of TEOAE strength. Estimates of subjects' total noise dose were obtained from self-reports of the duration and intensity of their exposure to music and other sources of noise. Ears with greater exposure to loud music showed significantly weaker TEOAEs than less exposed ears in response to a 4 kHz tone burst, or in response to a saturating (82 dBSPL) click if the response was treated with a high-frequency bandpass filter (2-4 kHz) (p<0.05). Differences between more exposed and less exposed groups of ears were most marked in the 2 kHz half-octave band for right ears, and in the 2.8 kHz half-octave band for left ears. A hypothesis is proposed that weakness in TEOAEs as a result of exposure to loud music is seen first in the 2 kHz region of the emission spectrum, and later at higher frequencies; and that for a given amount of exposure, TEOAE weakness (or OHC damage) is more advanced in left ears than in right. PMID:10509856

Mansfield, J D; Baghurst, P A; Newton, V E

1999-08-01

461

Anterior segment parameters in Indian young adults using the Pentacam.  

PubMed

To evaluate Pentacam-Scheimpflug imaging of anterior segment parameters in young Indian adults. In this prospective study 120 eyes of 60 normal Indian subjects with a mean age of 25.93 ± 6.58 years (range 17-39 years) were assessed by Pentacam. Main outcome measures were central corneal thickness (CCT), thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), apex corneal thickness (apex CT), peripheral corneal thickness at 2, 4, 6 and 8 mm from the thinnest point, location of the thinnest pachymetry, corneal volume (CV), anterior chamber depth (ACD), anterior chamber volume (ACV) and anterior chamber angle (ACA). Independent samples t test, dependent samples t test, ANOVA and Pearson correlation test were used for statistical analysis. The mean CCT, TCT, Apex CT and CV were 544.95 ± 35.42, 542 ± 35.19, 545.43 ± 35.45 and 61.64 ± 4.17 ?m, respectively. There was a gradual increase in CT from the thinnest point to the periphery. The mean ACD was 3.14 ± 0.33 mm, mean ACV was 177.77 ± 29.02 mm(3), and mean ACA was 39.36° ± 5.42°. There was no significant difference between CCT, TCT and Apex CT. A significant positive correlation was found between CCT and peripheral CT and also between anterior chamber parameters. TCT was mainly located in the inferotemporal and superotemporal zone. No significant difference was found in parameters between the right and left eyes and also between genders. This study provided information about a wide range of parameters in the anterior segment of healthy Indian eyes. These results could be helpful in assessment of patients with corneal diseases, glaucoma and screening for refractive surgeries. PMID:23456513

Ahmadi Hosseini, Seyed Mahdi; Abolbashari, Fereshteh; Mohidin, Norhani

2013-03-01

462

Secondary impairments in young adults with spina bifida.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of secondary impairments in young adults with spina bifida and to relate the prevalence to the type of spina bifida and the level of lesion. This cross-sectional study is part of the ASPINE (Adolescents with Spina Bifida in the Netherlands) study. Data were collected on medical history, hydrocephalus (shunt: yes/no), neurological level of lesion (International Standards for Neurological and Functional Classification of Spinal Cord Injury), visual acuity (Landolt rings), spasticity (Modified Ashworth Scale), contractures (range of motion), scoliosis (deviation from perpendicular), ambulation (Hoffer criteria), pressure sores and blood pressure (physical examination), epilepsy, pain, incontinence and sexuality (questionnaire), and cognitive functioning (Raven Standard Progressive Matrices). In total, 179 patients with spina bifida participated (41% male, age range 16 to 25 years, mean 20 years 9 months, SD 2 years 11 months). These were 37 patients with spina bifida occulta, 119 patients with spina bifida aperta and hydrocephalus (AHC+) and 23 patients with spina bifida aperta without hydrocephalus (AHC-). Of our patient group, 73 had a high-level lesion (L2 and above), 68 a mid-level lesion (L3 to L5), and 38 a low-level lesion (S1 and below). Both subdivisions were strongly related with patients with higher lesions more often having hydrocephalus. Most secondary impairments were found for patients with AHC+, and patients with AHC- were mostly comparable to patients with spina bifida occulta. According to level of lesion, most medical problems were found in the high-level lesion group. However, all subgroups suffered from health problems. PMID:15174535

Verhoef, M; Barf, H A; Post, M W M; van Asbeck, F W A; Gooskens, R H J M; Prevo, A J H

2004-06-01

463

Two Studies of Mass Media Use by Contemporary Young Adults. News Research Bulletin No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This issue of the "News Research Bulletin" contains reports on two studies of media use by contemporary young adults. The first study analyzes the media behavior of 447 randomly selected respondents in Virginia Beach, Virginia in the summer of 1973. Some of the highlights of the study were that about 90 percent of the young people report doing at…

American Newspaper Publishers Association, Washington, DC.

464

Financial Success for Young Adults and Recent Graduates: Managing Money, Credit, and Your Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are numerous financial planning and money management handbooks, but few focus on the needs of young adults between 16 and 25 years of age. Colleges and some high schools are increasingly offering courses covering money management, but the materials are more "economics-focused" than "real-world" focused. Young people are huge consumers who…

Arrowood, Janet C.

2006-01-01

465

Maternal EmploymentRelations With Young Adults' Work and Family Expectations and Self-Efficacy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relations between maternal employment and young adults' work and family expectations, and self-efficacy were examined with 721 college students (mean age = 21 years). Young men expected more work hours per day and older retirement age, whereas women expected full-time work at a younger age and more time with spouse and children each week. Individuals with employed mothers reported less

Heidi R. Riggio; Stephan J. Desrochers

2006-01-01

466

Physical Appearance and Control Beliefs in Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigated whether general and domain-specific control beliefs were related to stigmatizing physical appearance qualities in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Being babyfaced, unattractive, or short was associated with dimin- ished control beliefs in young and middle adulthood, whereas being overweight was not. Those who were less attractive, more babyfaced, shorter, or heavier sometimes perceived more rather than less

Carrie Andreoletti; Leslie A. Zebrowitz; Margie E. Lachman

2001-01-01

467

Nurturing Social and Emotional Development in Gifted Teenagers through Young Adult Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines how developmental bibliotherapy featuring young adult literature can be an effective strategy to address emotional issues of gifted teenagers. It describes how one high school English class responded to the novel, "The Mosquito Test," in a bibliotherapeutic fashion. Also provided is an annotated bibliography of current young

Hebert, Thomas P.; Kent, Richard

2000-01-01

468

The Effects of Verbalization on Face Recognition in Young and Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY To explore the forensic implications of 'verbal overshadowing' in young and older eyewitnesses, we examined the effects of providing a verbal face description on subsequent performance in a lineup task. Young (18-30 years) and older (60-80 years) adults viewed a videotaped crime and performed some unrelated cognitive tasks. Participants in the experimental condition were then asked to supply a

AMINA MEMON; JAMES BARTLETT

2002-01-01

469

African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains a collection of 14 original essays. The purpose of the book is to inform teachers, librarians, and other professionals working with young people about aspects of African-American literature and to stimulate further thinking about this literature. After an introduction, chapters in the book are: (1) "African-American Young Adult

Smith, Karen Patricia, Ed.

470

The History and Timing of Depression Onset as Predictors of Young Adult Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Depression often emerges early in the lifecourse and is consistently shown to be associated with poor self-esteem. The 3 main objectives of the current study are to (1) evaluate the association between a history major depression and self-esteem in young adulthood, (2) assess the relationship between timing of depression onset and young adult

Gayman, Mathew D.; Lloyd, Donald A.; Ueno, Koji

2011-01-01

471

Young Adult Literature and the Common Core: A Surprisingly Good Fit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Advocates have long argued that an increased role for young adult literature in the classroom would help students' reading development. At first glance, the widely adopted Common Core State Standards might seem in opposition to an increased role for such literature. A closer examination of the common core documents suggests, however, that young

Ostenson, Jonathan; Wadham, Rachel

2012-01-01

472

A Portrait of Low-Income Young Adults in Education. Portraits  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief takes a broad look at low-income young adults in an effort to contribute to the national discussion on improving degree completion by increasing participation among all disadvantaged populations--especially those who attempt to succeed in postsecondary settings under financial stress. Understanding the linkages between low-income young

Institute for Higher Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

473

Functional Changes in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children with multiple handicaps, including cerebral palsy (CP), often lose or regress in their functional ability through adolescence and young adulthood. The purpose of this study was to examine functional and psychosocial changes in children, adolescents, and young adults with CP. A retrospective chart review and a prospective telephone…

Krakovsky, Gina; Huth, Myra Martz; Lin, Li; Levin, Ron S.

2007-01-01

474

Association between Depression and Intima–media Thickness of Carotid Bulb in Asymptomatic Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveAlthough there is growing evidence that symptoms of depression influence the development of coronary artery disease, information on the underlying subclinical atherosclerotic process is scant in young adults. The study examined the association between symptoms of depression and subclinical atherosclerosis, determined by carotid intima–media thickness in asymptomatic young individuals.

Azad A. Kabir; Sathanur R. Srinivasan; Aqfa Sultana; Wei Chen; Christine Y. Wei; Gerald S. Berenson

2009-01-01

475

Using the Identity Processing Style Q-Sort to Examine Identity Styles of Turkish Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on two studies with Turkish young adults that used the Turkish version of the Identity Processing Style Q-Sort (IPSQ). The IPSQ is based on Berzonsky's informational, normative, and diffused identity styles. Participants sort descriptors of the styles into columns ranging from most to least like them. Patterns in Turkish young

Eryigit, Suna; Kerpelman, Jennifer

2009-01-01

476

Looking Back: The Experience of First Sexual Intercourse and Current Sexual Adjustment in Young Heterosexual Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

A young person's first consensual sexual intercourse experience is often a remarkable and memorable experience. However, little systematic information exists regarding contextual factors of first intercourse, the affective salience of the experience, possible effects on sexual attitudes and beliefs, and subsequent sexual development and adjustment. This retrospective study aimed to examine these in a sample of 475 young adults. Overall,

Elke D. Reissing; Heather L. Andruff; Jocelyn J. Wentland

2012-01-01

477

Looking Back: The Experience of First Sexual Intercourse and Current Sexual Adjustment in Young Heterosexual Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

A young person's first consensual sexual intercourse experience is often a remarkable and memorable experience. However, little systematic information exists regarding contextual factors of first intercourse, the affective salience of the experience, possible effects on sexual attitudes and beliefs, and subsequent sexual development and adjustment. This retrospective study aimed to examine these in a sample of 475 young adults. Overall,

Elke D. Reissing; Heather L. Andruff; Jocelyn J. Wentland

2010-01-01

478

Financial Success for Young Adults and Recent Graduates: Managing Money, Credit, and Your Future  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are numerous financial planning and money management handbooks, but few focus on the needs of young adults between 16 and 25 years of age. Colleges and some high schools are increasingly offering courses covering money management, but the materials are more "economics-focused" than "real-world" focused. Young people are huge consumers who…

Arrowood, Janet C.

2006-01-01

479

Young Adults’ Accounts of Scientific Knowledge When Responding to a Television News Report of Contested Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports one aspect of a study of 28 young adults (18–26 years) engaging with the uncertain (contested) science of a television news report about recent research into mobile phone health risks. The aim of the study was to examine these young people’s ‘accounts of scientific knowledge’ in this context. Seven groups of friends responded to the news report,

Clare Karen Christensen

2011-01-01

480

“Following the yellow brick road” – young adults’ experiences of the information superhighway  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses the metaphor of the movie classic the Wizard of Oz to represent the online experiences of young adults. Just like the twister that turns Dorothy’s world upside, down the Internet has arrived to transform our black and white lives into the Technicolor hyper-reality of the Land of Oz. What are the consequences for young Dorothies of today

Ian C. Grant; Kathryn Waite

2003-01-01

481

Recycling and Ambivalence: Quantitative and Qualitative Analyses of Household Recycling among Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Theories about ambivalence, as well as quantitative and qualitative empirical approaches, are applied to obtain an understanding of recycling among young adults. A questionnaire was mailed to 422 Swedish young people. Regression analyses showed that a mix of negative emotions (worry) and positive emotions (hope and joy) about the environmental…

Ojala, Maria

2008-01-01

482

Personal and situational influences on drink driving and sober driving among a cohort of young adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to examine personal and situational influences on drink-drive and sober-drive incidents among young adults. This study was part of a multidisciplinary, longitudinal study of the health and development of a birth cohort of young New Zealanders. Traffic safety has been included in this study, and when the cohort was aged 26 years, 969 (95%)

L Morrison; J Langley

2002-01-01

483

Between “Science” and “Superstition”: Moral Perceptions of Induced Abortion Among Young Adults in Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the increasing use ofreproductive technologies the world over,anthropological studies have paid remarkablylimited attention to the ethical dilemmasinvolved in people's choices of suchtechnologies. Against this background, theauthor analyzes moral perceptions of inducedabortion among unmarried young adults in urbanNorth Vietnam. While the ethical aspects ofabortion are shrouded in silence in public lifein Vietnam, the young people participating inthe study expressed strong

Tine Gammeltoft

2002-01-01

484

Exploring older adolescents' and young adults' attitudes regarding male hormonal contraception: applications for clinical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Male hormonal contraceptive methods (HCM) are in Phase I clinical trials in the USA. Interna- tional studies report that adults have positive attitudes regarding male HCM, but little is known about US minority young peoples' attitudes—a population that experiences high unintended pregnancy rates. METHODS: Thirty urban African American young persons (50% males; mean age = 18.8 (SD = 2.5))

Arik V. Marcell; Keith Plowden; Shameeka M. Bowman

2005-01-01

485

Familial Antecedents of Young Adult Health Risk Behavior: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

With a sample of 116, the authors asked how characteristics of the family, rated by adolescents, predicted health risk behavior at young adulthood 6 years later and whether adolescent and young adult personal and emotional functioning mediated these relationships. The authors also explored the consistency of relationships among these variables across 4 types of families: balanced, traditional, disconnected, and emotionally

Lawrence Fisher; S. Shirley Feldman

1998-01-01

486

The Implications of Adult Identity for Educational and Work Attainment in Young Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the relation of young adult identities (ages 18-22 years), reflecting subjective age and psychosocial maturity, to educational and career attainment in young adulthood (ages 25-29 years). Add Health data show that having an older subjective age alone does not curtail attainment; the critical issue is the level of…

Benson, Janel E.; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Elder, Glen H., Jr.

2012-01-01

487

Active Citizens or Passive Recipients: How Australian Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy Define Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Citizenship participation by young adults has reciprocal benefits both for the individual and for society. This paper provides an insight into the ways young people with cerebral palsy (CP) perceive their citizenship experiences, and also examines factors which may influence citizenship participation for this group. Method: Qualitative…

Yeung, Polly H. Y.; Passmore, Anne E.; Packer, Tanya L.

2008-01-01

488

Making Time for Meals: Meal Structure and Associations with Dietary Intake in Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Prior studies have found that family meals and other aspects of meal structure are associated with dietary intake during adolescence, but little research has characterized meals in young adulthood. Objective This study was designed to describe attitudes regarding the social nature of meals, time constraints on meals, and meal regularity in young adults. In addition, this study aimed to

NICOLE I. LARSON; MELISSA C. NELSON; DIANNE NEUMARK-SZTAINER; MARY STORY; PETER J. HANNAN

489

A Reason, a Season, or a Lifetime: "Relational Permanence among Young Adults with Foster Care Backgrounds"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The phenomenon called "aging out" includes approximately 20,000 young people who enter adulthood directly from foster care each year (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2005). The number of youth and young adults who aged out of care in the U.S. in 2005, the year for which the most current statistics are available, increased 48 percent…

Samuels, Gina Miranda

2008-01-01

490

Prenatal cigarette smoking: Long-term effects on young adult behavior problems and smoking behavior.  

PubMed

We examined the long-term effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure (PCSE) on the behavior problems and smoking behavior of 22-year-old offspring. The mothers of these offspring were interviewed about their tobacco and other drug use during pregnancy at the fourth and seventh gestational months, and at delivery. Data on the offspring are from interviews at age 22 (n=608). Behavior problems were measured by the Adult Self-Report (ASR) with the following outcome scales: total behavior problems, externalizing, internalizing, attention, anxiety/depression, withdrawn, thought, intrusive, aggression, somatic and rule breaking behavioral problems. Young adult smoking behavior was measured using self-reported average daily cigarettes, and was validated with urine cotinine. Nicotine dependence was measured with the Fagerström Tobacco and Nicotine Dependence (FTND) scale. Regression analyses tested the relations between trimester-specific PCSE and young adult's behavioral problems and smoking behavior, adjusting for demographic and maternal psychological characteristics, and other prenatal substance exposures. Exposed young adults had significantly higher scores on the externalizing, internalizing, aggression, and somatic scales of the ASR. These young adults were also more likely to have a history of arrests. Young adults with PCSE also had a higher rate of smoking and nicotine dependence. Our previous findings of the relations between PCSE and aggressive behavior in early childhood and PCSE and smoking behavior in early adolescence extend into young adulthood. PMID:23000289

Cornelius, Marie D; Goldschmidt, Lidush; Day, Nancy L

2012-09-18

491

Atherosclerotic involvement of the coronary arteries of adolescents and young adults.  

PubMed

Coronary atherosclerotic plaques were revealed by light microscopy in 12% of adolescents and in 28% of young adults. All the plaques of adolescents and one-third of the plaques of young adults escaped recognition on ordinary gross inspection, even after Sudan staining. A centrifugal extention of plaques, from the branching areas to the proximal segment of the main coronary arteries took place, starting from adolscence. During early adulthood this centrifugal extension continued involving the intermediate segments of the anterior descending and right coronary arteries. In undistended vessels, the coronary atherosclerotic plaques narrowed the lumenal diameter up to 55% in adolescents and up to 65% in young adults. Histologically, the mucoid type of plaque, rich in areas of edema, insudate and depolymerized ground substance, prevailed in the coronary arteries of adolescents; in young adults, the prevalent plaque was the lipid-rich variety, containing many clusters of lipid-filled and foam cells. In addition, necrotic plaques or atheromas have been revealed for the first time in young adults. A positive association appeared on our material between cigarette smoking and the presence of mucoid plaques in the proximal segment of the main coronary arteries of adolescents. On the other hand, no relation could be established between risk factors and the accumulation of lipid-filled and foam cells in the atherosclerotic plaques of young adults. PMID:7417364

Velican, D; Velican, C

1980-08-01

492

Health care access and weight change among young adults: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Health care access is associated with improved control of multiple chronic diseases, but the association between health care access and weight change is unclear. This study aims to test the association between health care access and weight change. Design The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study is a multi-center population-based prospective study. Weight change was calculated at 3 and 13 years after CARDIA year 7 (1992–1993). Health care access was defined as no barriers or one or more barriers to access (health insurance gap, no usual source of care, not seeking care due to expense). Intermediary variables evaluated included history of dieting, and use of diet pills, meal replacements, or weight control programs. Setting Four cities in the United States. Subjects Participants were aged 18–30 years at baseline (1985–1986). Analyses include 3922 black and white men and women with relevant data from CARDIA years 7, 10, and 20 (1992–1993, 1995–1996, and 2005–2006, respectively). Results Mean weight change was +4.9 pounds by 3 years and +18.7 pounds by 13 years, with no differences by health care access. Being on a weight-reducing diet was not consistently associated with health care access across examinati