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1

Pregnancy and Mental Health of Young Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

Pregnancy rates among women in the U.S. who are homeless are much higher than rates among women who are housed (Greene & Ringwalt, 1998). Yet little research has addressed mental health, risk and resilience among young mothers who are homeless. This study utilizes a sample of women from the Midwest Longitudinal Study of Homeless Adolescents (MLSHA) to investigate pregnancy and motherhood over three years among unaccompanied homeless young mothers. Our data are supplemented by in-depth interviews with a subset of these women. Results show that almost half of sexually active young women (n = 222, µ age = 17.2) had been pregnant at baseline (46.4%), and among the longitudinal subsample of 171 women (µ age = 17.2), almost 70.0% had been pregnant by the end of the study. Among young mothers who are homeless, only half reported that they helped to care for their children consistently over time, and one-fifth of the women reported never seeing their children. Of the young women with children in their care at the last interview of the study (Wave 13), almost one-third met criteria for lifetime major depressive episode (MDE), lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and lifetime drug abuse, and one-half met criteria for lifetime antisocial personality disorder (APD). Twelve-month diagnoses are also reported. The impacts of homelessness on maternal and child outcomes are discussed, including the implications for practice, policy, and research. PMID:21486259

Crawford, Devan M.; Trotter, Emily C.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner; Whitbeck, Les B.

2012-01-01

2

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition Out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness. Our objective was to

Lia Ruttan; Patricia Laboucane-Benson; Brenda Munro

2012-01-01

3

Does a Baby Help Young Women Transition out of Homelessness? Motivation, Coping, and Parenting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homeless young women experience high levels of stress, challenges to mental health, substance use and abuse, and a lack of housing or of secure housing. This article explores one of the findings from a longitudinal qualitative study designed to follow homeless young women for a 2-year period as they make efforts to transition out of homelessness.…

Ruttan, Lia; Laboucane-Benson, Patricia; Munro, Brenda

2012-01-01

4

Coming of age on the streets: survival sex among homeless young women in Hollywood.  

PubMed

This study examined childhood physical or sexual abuse, involvement in dependency or delinquency systems, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide as possible risk factors for survival sex among homeless young women. Homeless young women were found to have similarly high rates of childhood sexual abuse, dependency and delinquency systems involvement, and psychiatric hospitalization. Homeless young women involved in survival sex disclosed higher rates of attempted suicide and reported marginally higher rates of childhood physical abuse. Analysis of qualitative data showed that those engaged in survival sex were motivated primarily by desperation to meet basic needs including a place to stay, food and money, and one third mentioned that peers commonly were influential in decisions to engage in survival sex. Others were influenced by coercion (10%) or pursuit of drugs (10%). Young women engaged in survival sex generally experienced regret and shame about their experience. PMID:24215967

Warf, Curren W; Clark, Leslie F; Desai, Mona; Rabinovitz, Susan J; Agahi, Golnaz; Calvo, Richard; Hoffmann, Jenny

2013-12-01

5

A pilot of a tripartite prevention program for homeless young women in the transition to adulthood  

PubMed Central

Background Among young women who are impoverished and homeless, the transition to adulthood (ages 18 through 25) is associated with alcohol and drug (AOD) use, risky sexual activity, and increased risk of being victimized by intimate partner violence (IPV). Methods “The Power of YOU”, a program using motivational interviewing, was designed to address these problems. We tested the “Power of YOU” with 31 homeless women (ages 18 - 25) in seven focus groups. Women completed questionnaires assessing background characteristics and satisfaction at the end of each group. Each group was followed by a feedback session which was audiorecorded and transcribed. Key themes were identified. Results During a past-6 month period, 38.7% of women reported alcohol intoxication, 19.3% reported two to three male sex partners, and 22.2% reported major physical violence from a partner. Women expressed satisfaction and provided consistently positive feedback on the intervention, reporting, for example, that it was “helpful to know how to put a condom on” and that they appreciated the attention paid to safety planning. Conclusions Results from this pilot suggest that “The Power of YOU” may hold promise in helping homeless young women in the transition to adulthood make healthier choices and plan and prepare for high risk situations, and that the non-confrontational, non-judgmental approach of motivational interviewing appeared appropriate for this population. PMID:19345588

Wenzel, Suzanne L.; D'Amico, Elizabeth J.; Barnes, Dionne; Gilbert, Mary Lou

2009-01-01

6

Homeless Young People and Technology: Ordinary  

E-print Network

consequences for the U.S. By one estimate, 3 million young people experience homelessness annu- ally; that is, about 1 percent of the U.S. population is both young and homeless at some point each year [1- munity of homeless young people in Seattle, Washington, allowing us to explore ordinary uses of digital

Anderson, Richard

7

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

Donna L. Washington; Elizabeth M. Yano; James McGuire; Vivian Hines; Martin Lee; Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

8

Risk Factors for Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Women veterans are three to four times more likely than non-veteran women to become homeless. However, their risk factors for homelessness have not been defined. Methods. Case-control study of non-institutionalized homeless women veterans (n533) and age-matched housed women veterans (n=165). Health, health care, and factors associated with homelessness were assessed using multiple logistic regression with a Monte Carlo algorithm

MPH Elizabeth M. Yano MSPH Donna L. Washington; MSPH Lillian Gelberg

2010-01-01

9

Sheltered versus nonsheltered homeless women  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To contrast sociodemographic characteristics, physical and mental health status, substance use, sexual behaviors, victimization,\\u000a and utilization of health services between homeless women residing in sheltered and nonsheltered environments.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. A structured scale was used to measure mental health status. Physical health status, substance use,\\u000a sexual behavior, history of adult victimization, and health services utilization were measured by

Adeline M. Nyamathi; Barbara Leake; Lillian Gelberg

2000-01-01

10

Barriers to Psychosocial Services Among Homeless Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Veterans make up a disproportionate fraction of the nation's homeless population, with women veterans up to 4 times more likely to be homeless than nonveteran women. This article provides a grounded description of barriers to psychosocial services among homeless women veterans. Three focus groups were held in Los Angeles, California, with a total of 29 homeless women veterans. These women

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Vivian Hines; Donna L. Washington

2012-01-01

11

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing  

E-print Network

Designing for Homeless Young People: Precaution in Ubiquitous Computing Abstract How should ubiquitous access to information through computing be shaped to improve the lives of homeless young people? Drawing on social and material considerations of homeless young people and service agencies, uncovered

Anderson, Richard

12

Homelessness and Trauma Go Hand-in-Hand”: Pathways to Homelessness among Women Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundVeterans comprise a disproportionate fraction of the nation’s homeless population, with women veterans up to four times more likely to be homeless than non-veteran women. This paper provides a grounded description of women veterans’ pathways into homelessness.

Alison B. Hamilton; Ines Poza; Donna L. Washington

2011-01-01

13

Exploring the Lived Experiences of Homeless Families with Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study researched the experiences of homeless families with young children between the ages of four and eight. Many families experience homelessness every year; therefore, it is important for early childhood educators to have an understanding of how homelessness affects families with young children so that educators can effectively serve the…

Hinton, Stephanie; Cassel, Darlinda

2013-01-01

14

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People and Living with Personal Digital Artifacts Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G}@uw.edu ABSTRACT This paper reports on an investigation of how homeless young people hold themselves in relation the ordinary and extraordinary circumstances of homelessness. The paper concludes with a discussion

Anderson, Richard

15

Homeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work  

E-print Network

,12,16]. For people and communities living under conditions of relative poverty or homelessness, what is it likeHomeless Young People's Experiences with Information Systems: Life and Work in a Community Seattle, WA 98195-2840 {woelfj, dhendry}@u.washington.edu ABSTRACT This paper explores how homeless young

Anderson, Richard

16

Evaluation of supportive services for homeless women  

E-print Network

Every evening over 20 women are bused to a basement of a schoolhouse, where they will spend the night and wake up at 5:00 a.m. to face the streets as a homeless woman. These women feel as if they are invisible and their ...

Mullins, Leslie Marie

2005-01-01

17

Homeless alcoholic women on skid row.  

PubMed

Studies of homeless alcoholic women remain rare. Women on Skid Row in New York City were sought out at the Women's Shelter for a study of homeless women alcoholics. The findings in this study of 31 homeless alcoholic women tend to confirm an earlier study by Garrett and Bahr in most respects. A major difference relates to the population's lack of homogeneity. A life-long pattern of marginality does not exist for most of the women. All judged to be alcoholic, some lived with their families, husbands, or a male partner prior to coming to the shelter. Almost a third lived alone. Sometimes the death of someone close or other crisis precipitated homelessness. In many instances there was no apparent crisis. For a substantial group of these women there did seem to be a long-standing pattern of instability and transient living in the two years preceding their move to the shelter. Public resources invested in shelter care are much needed either for individuals whose limited resources run out or where a crisis results in the loss of safe, adequate shelter. PMID:6085449

Corrigan, E M; Anderson, S C

1984-01-01

18

Homeless Young Adults and Behavioral HealthAn Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young adults (ages 18-24) are especially vulnerable to homelessness in the United States, and those experiencing homelessness exhibit high prevalence for many kinds of abuse and negative health outcomes. This article reviews common behavioral health issues facing homeless youth and assesses collective wisdom on effective treatments and services for this vulnerable population. On the whole, the research remains focused on

Suzanne Zerger; Aaron J. Strehlow; Adi V. Gundlapalli

2008-01-01

19

Homeless women's experiences of service provider encounters.  

PubMed

Service providers are gatekeepers to health-sustaining services and resources, although little is known about service encounters from the perspective of homeless women. We conducted in-depth semistructured interviews with 15 homeless women to better understand their experiences of service encounters. Using a phenomenological method, 160 significant statements were extracted from participant transcripts; more positive than negative interactions were reported. The 10 themes that emerged fall along a dehumanizing/humanizing continuum primarily separated by the power participants experienced in the interaction and the trust they felt in the service provider. Implications for nursing practice and research are offered. PMID:24528122

Biederman, Donna J; Nichols, Tracy R

2014-01-01

20

The Relationship Between Homelessness and Women’s Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women are increasingly experiencing poverty in Canada (Townson, 2000). This study seeks to gain an understanding of how women experience an extreme form of poverty—homelessness—within Kitchener, a mid-sized city located within the Waterloo region in southern Ontario, and the relationship of this experience to health.\\u000aEmploying social determinants of health (SDOH) theory, this study examines the relationship between homelessness in

Christine Paramonczyk

2007-01-01

21

Homeless Women, Street Smarts, and Their Survival  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights a dissertation study designed to examine how homeless women learned to survive in their daily lives. Their relationships contributed to many years of unsettling experiences and continuous transitional situations. Each woman followed a progression of sophisticated street smarts, but each eventually faced a devastating decision that served as the impetus for a learning experience that resulted in

Carole Pearce

2001-01-01

22

Factors Associated with Substance Use Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder, the role of future time expectancies

Rebecca Gomez; Sanna J. Thompson; Amanda N. Barczyk

2010-01-01

23

Strengthening At-Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Strengthening At Risk and Homeless Young Mothers and Children Initiative, funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, aims to improve the housing, health, and development of homeless and at-risk young families. This article describes the services provided in four program sites (Pomona, CA; Antelope Valley, CA; Minneapolis, MN; and Chicago, IL)…

Medeiros, Debra; Vaulton, Wendy

2010-01-01

24

Young People, Drug Use and Family Conflict: Pathways into Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young people who experience homelessness, in Australia and in other western contexts (US, Canada, England), are widely perceived to use and abuse alcohol and drugs. The available research indicates that homeless young people use all drug types, whether injected or otherwise, more frequently than their home-based peers. Debate exists in the…

Mallett, Shelley; Rosenthal, Doreen; Keys, Deborah

2005-01-01

25

Factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with substance use among homeless young adults. Multinomial logistic regression analyses examined the influence of social networks and economic factors among a group of homeless young adults with differing levels of alcohol and drug use. In addition, for those with an alcohol use disorder the role of future time expectancies was examined. A sample (n=185) of homeless young adults aged 18-23 were recruited from a community drop-in center and interviewed utilizing self-report instruments. Findings suggest that social networks, economic factors, and future expectancies are significant predictors of the level of substance use among homeless young adults. Being able to identify those areas that place homeless young adults at risk for substance abuse and dependence has implications for effective intervention. PMID:20391267

Gomez, Rebecca; Thompson, Sanna J.; Barczyk, Amanda N.

2010-01-01

26

Pregnancy and sexual health among homeless young injection drug users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of prenatal care, and histories of sexual victimization are described. A total of

Dodi Hathazi; Stephen E. Lankenau; Bill Sanders; Jennifer Jackson Bloom

2009-01-01

27

Pregnancy and Sexual Health among Homeless Young Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on pregnancy and sexual health among homeless youth is limited. In this study, qualitative interviews were conducted with 41 homeless young injection drug users (IDUs) in Los Angeles with a history of pregnancy. The relationship between recent pregnancy outcomes, contraception practices, housing status, substance use, utilization of…

Hathazi, Dodi; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Sanders, Bill; Bloom, Jennifer Jackson

2009-01-01

28

Fear, romance and transience in the lives of homeless women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper takes up the question of what it means to be a woman who lives on the streets and in hostels as a homeless person in London. Using qualitative data from three women respondents, the analysis focuses upon their reasons for becoming and staying homeless. We address issues concerning the women's perceptions of danger and safety on the streets,

Alan Radley; Darrin Hodgetts; Andrea Cullen

2006-01-01

29

The Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

and social (psycho-social) aspects of homeless young people in Canada and the U.S. has found that these youngThe Role of Music in the Lives of Homeless Young People in Seattle WA and Vancouver BC Abstract I outline my proposed dissertation study of music in the lives of homeless young people. Participants

Anderson, Richard

30

The Health Circumstances of Homeless Women in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women have become the fastest growing segment of the homeless population in the United States, yet very little is known about their sociodemographic profile, health status, use of health services, or the relation between their homeless condition to these social and health factors. This study draws on descriptive statistics and the multivariate results from nine major papers produced using data

Lisa Arangua; Ronald Andersen; Lillian Gelberg

2005-01-01

31

Formerly homeless, older women's experiences with health, housing, and aging.  

PubMed

The perspectives of formerly homeless, older women are absent in the academic literature on aging and homelessness. In this study, a group of formerly homeless women, aged 45 years and older were surveyed (N = 15) and interviewed (n = 11) about their experiences with health, housing, and aging. The qualitative themes to be explored include the women's perceptions of their current health, coping with low incomes, dealing with addictions to alcohol and drugs, and the importance of supportive housing and other community services. The female participants' views on adapting to home, planning for their elderly years, and views on growing older are also explored. PMID:24116994

Waldbrook, Natalie

2013-01-01

32

Correlates of Depressive Symptoms among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Adolescent homelessness has received increasing attention due to its fast growth throughout the United States and the poor mental outcomes experienced by homeless young people. This cross-sectional study (N = 156) identified correlates of depressive symptomatology among homeless young adults and investigated how depressive symptoms are influenced by the coping strategies these young adults employ. The findings are based on analysis of baseline data collected for a hepatitis vaccination intervention pilot study conducted in partnership with a young adult’s drop-in center in Santa Monica, California. Standardized tools assessed drug use history, coping ability, and psychiatric symptomatology. Linear regression modeling was used to identify correlates of depressive symptom severity. Poor perceived physical health, recent crack cocaine use and recent use of tranquilizers were significantly associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. Self-destructive escape, non-disclosure/avoidance, passive problem-solving and thoughts of harming self were also associated with increased severity of depressive symptoms. PMID:21131507

Nyamathi, Adeline; Marfisee, Mary; Slagle, Alexandra; Greengold, Barbara; Liu, Yihang; Leake, Barbara

2013-01-01

33

Enabling Older Homeless Minority Women to Overcome Homelessness by Using a Life Management Enhancement Group Intervention  

PubMed Central

This paper describes the importance of a life management enhancement (LME) group intervention for older minority women in developing personal control and self-confidence in social relationships as they overcome homelessness. Women in the treatment group showed significantly greater personal control and higher levels of self-confidence following the six-week intervention than women in the control group. Increasing personal control and developing self-confidence in social relationships can help individuals achieve desired outcomes as a result of their actions, efforts, and abilities. These attributes can help women increase and sustain appropriate coping methods and overcome homelessness. PMID:19212866

Washington, Olivia G. M.; Moxley, David P.; Taylor, Jacquelyn Y.

2010-01-01

34

The experience of homeless women: An exploration of housing histories and the meaning of home  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exploratory study with homeless women presented in this paper aims to highlight two shortcomings in the current literature on homelessness, which accompany the predominant conceptualisation of ‘home’ as a place of safety and security, and homelessness as a primarily structural issue characterised by ‘residential instability’. The first is the paucity of research on homeless women in their own right

Annabel Tomas; Helga Dittmar

1995-01-01

35

Family Dynamics, Housing, and Recurring Homelessness Among Women in New York City Homeless Shelters  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study looks at two sets of women who stayed in New York City homeless shelters in 1992—one set as part of a family and the other set as individuals—and at factors associated with an increased risk of their experiencing repeat shelter stays. Descriptive statistics and event history analysis indicate that regardless of whether the women stay in shelters with

STEPHEN METRAUX; DENNIS P. CULHANE

1999-01-01

36

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry  

E-print Network

Homeless Young People on Social Network Sites Jill Palzkill Woelfer and David G. Hendry This paper reports on the use of social network sites (MySpace and Facebook) by homeless young people, deeply human experiences that have become associated with social network sites. Author Keywords Homeless

Anderson, Richard

37

Value Considerations in an Information Ecology: Printed Materials, Service Providers and Homeless Young People  

E-print Network

Value Considerations in an Information Ecology: Printed Materials, Service Providers and Homeless ecology that has emerged to help homeless young people. We studied the information ecology of service agencies that assist homeless young people, age 13 to 25. We focused on printed materials used

Anderson, Richard

38

The Dynamics of Violence and Homelessness among Young Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence is one of the most prevalent elements in the lives of homeless families with young children. This violence may come in various forms: domestic violence, street violence, violence in one's childhood, witnessing violence, and other avenues and modes. Violence disrupts the normal bonding between parent and child. It isolates and degrades…

Swick, Kevin James

2008-01-01

39

Health and Health Care Disparities among Homeless Women  

PubMed Central

While disparities in health and health care between vulnerable (e.g., minorities, low income) and majority populations are well documented, less is known about disparities within these special populations that are large and diverse. Such knowledge is essential to determine the most needy within these generally needy populations and to plan interventions to reduce their health and health care disparities. With data from 1,331 women residing in Los Angeles County, in one of the largest, most comprehensive studies of the health of homeless women to date, we examined the health and health care disparities among homeless African American, Latina and white women. We further explored if race/ethnicity and other factors that predispose homeless women to poor health or enable them to obtain better health care were associated with their unmet need for medical care. We found that white, non-Latina women were more likely to report unmet need than African Americans and Latinas, and women suffering from drug abuse, violence, or depression were most in need of care. These findings should be considered in targeting and addressing the special needs of homeless women of different racial/ethnic groups. PMID:21170815

Teruya, Cheryl; Longshore, Douglas; Andersen, Ronald M.; Arangua, Lisa; Nyamathi, Adeline; Leake, Barbara; Gelberg, Lillian

2011-01-01

40

Family Histories and Multiple Transitions Among Homeless Young Adults: Pathways to Homelessness  

PubMed Central

This study explored the early family histories of homeless young adults, the types and number of transitions they experienced, and their pathways to the street. Intensive qualitative interviews were audio taped and transcribed with 40 homeless young adults 19 to 21 years of age in the Midwest. Findings show that family backgrounds were generally characterized by substance use, child maltreatment, and witnessing violence, all of which provide social context for understanding why so many of these young people opted to leave home in search of an alternative living situation. The current findings also reveal that while some young adults ran away from home as adolescents, others were “pushed out” (i.e., told to leave), or removed by state agencies. Current study findings illustrate that young adults’ trajectories are marked by multiple living arrangements such as home, foster care, detention facility, and drug rehabilitation. Overall, study results show that young adults’ family histories place them on trajectories for early independence marked by multiple transitions and numerous living situations, culminating in a lack of a permanent residence to call home. PMID:24151346

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Schmitz, Rachel M.

2013-01-01

41

Building Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young I am a PhD Candidate in Information Science at the Information School here  

E-print Network

are homeless each year in the U.S. and 50,000 ­ 60,000 young people experience homelessness annually in CanadaBuilding Canada-U.S. Collaborations through Research with Homeless Young People I am a Ph Facebook. Prior research with homeless young people Homelessness among young people, up to age 30

Anderson, Richard

42

The HIV Risk Reduction Needs of Homeless Women in Los Angeles  

PubMed Central

Background Substance use, housing instability, and transactional sex all contribute to HIV risk engagement among homeless women. Because of the increased risk of HIV among homeless women, this study sought to understand the context of sexual behaviors and condom use among homeless women and elucidate modifiable factors that can be targeted by interventions. Methods Homeless women (n = 45) participated in focus groups (n = 6) at shelters throughout Los Angeles County. Thematic analyses revealed that similar to other high-risk women, homeless women engage in sex with multiple types of partners (steady, casual, and transactional). Findings Our findings indicate that, similar to use among other high-risk women, condom use by homeless women varied by type of partner. Substance use also contributed to condom non-use. In a departure from previous research, homeless women reported overarching feelings of hopelessness. Participants spoke of hopelessness contributing to risk engagement, specifically the number of ongoing stressors experienced because of homelessness contributing to despair. Without acknowledgement of this unique quality of homelessness, women felt their risk reduction needs would never truly be understood. Conclusions Interventions involving homeless women should include self-esteem building, acknowledgment and use of inherent resilience qualities gained during homelessness, respect for current knowledge and skills, and an exploration of when women choose to trust their partners and how they make safer sex choices. PMID:23541392

Cederbaum, Julie A.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Gilbert, Mary Lou; Chereji, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

43

Homeless and Disabled: Rights, Responsibilities, and Recommendations for Serving Young Children with Special Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness is a growing social problem in the United States. Especially vulnerable to this phenomenon are young children because homelessness is viewed as a breeding ground for disabilities. Despite federal legislation ensuring educational opportunities, the educational needs of children who are homeless are frequently unfulfilled. This article…

Gargiulo, Richard M.

2006-01-01

44

Feminisation of poverty among the street homeless women in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article gives an overview of poverty, deprivation and homelessness as a social ill that is eating deep into the society's fabric. It affirms that these concepts are inextricably linked, illustrating this with the case of the street homeless women. Furthermore, it describes the characteristics of street homeless women in Johannesburg inner city and their perception of poverty. It also

Olusola Olufemi

2000-01-01

45

Risk of death among homeless women: a cohort study and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Background Homeless people are at high risk for illness and have higher death rates than the general population. Patterns of mortality among homeless men have been investigated, but less attention has been given to mortality rates among homeless women. We report mortality rates and causes of death in a cohort of women who used homeless shelters in Toronto. We also compare our results with those of other published studies of homeless women and with data for women in the general population. Methods A cohort of 1981 women not accompanied by dependent children who used homeless shelters in Toronto in 1995 was observed for death over a mean of 2.6 years. In addition, we analyzed data from published studies of mortality rates among homeless women in 6 other cities (Montreal, Copenhagen, Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Brighton, UK). Results In Toronto, mortality rates were 515 per 100 000 person-years among homeless women 18–44 years of age and 438 per 100 000 person-years among those 45–64 years of age. Homeless women 18–44 years of age were 10 times more likely to die than women in the general population of Toronto. In studies from a total of 7 cities, the risk of death among homeless women was greater than that among women in the general population by a factor of 4.6 to 31.2 in the younger age group and 1.0 to 2.0 in the older age group. In 6 of the 7 cities, the mortality rates among younger homeless women and younger homeless men were not significantly different. In contrast, in 4 of the 6 cities, the mortality rates were significantly lower among older homeless women than among older homeless men. Interpretation Excess mortality is far greater among homeless women under age 45 years than among older homeless women. Mortality rates among younger homeless women often approach or equal those of younger homeless men. Efforts to reduce deaths of homeless women should focus on those under age 45. PMID:15078846

Cheung, Angela M.; Hwang, Stephen W.

2004-01-01

46

Homelessness, behavioral health disorders and intimate partner violence: barriers to services for women.  

PubMed

Homeless women comprise a significant portion of the homeless population and may encounter multiple life stressors including mental illness, substance abuse, and trauma. Women who are homeless may experience difficulty gaining access to resources such as shelter and health care. In addition, the interaction of behavioral health problems with intimate partner violence (IPV) may create extraordinary barriers to their engagement in services. This paper explores the co-occurrence of homelessness, behavioral health problems, and IPV and lessons learned through a gender-specific homeless services program designed to reach women who are unengaged in traditional services. Recommendations for providing gender-responsive services are discussed. PMID:24566559

Ponce, Allison N; Lawless, Martha Staeheli; Rowe, Michael

2014-10-01

47

Improving the Safety of Homeless Young People with Mobile Phones: Values, Form and Function  

E-print Network

this proposition, 43 participants, from four stakeholder groups (homeless young people, service providers, police officers, and community members), were asked to consider how homeless young people could use mobile phones included value sketches, written value scenarios, and semi- structured discussion, led to specific design

Anderson, Richard

48

Use of a mobile health van by a vulnerable population: Homeless sheltered women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the health status of homeless women. In this study, we examined the health problems of and services provided to sheltered, homeless, Midwestern women who used a mobile health van. Our objectives were to document these women's ages, self?reported past medical histories, self?reported histories of addictions and hospitalizations, presenting concerns, diagnoses, and visit patterns. To this end,

Diane McGee; Martha Morgan; Mary J. McNamee; Jean Krajicek Bartek

1995-01-01

49

Women negotiating sexual identity in the face of homelessness: from silence to satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women confront unique challenges when faced with homelessness, not the least of which is negotiating how to express their sexuality. Research has tended to look at the sexuality of women who are homeless pathologically, yet in housed women a healthy sex life is an important predictor of happiness and well-being. The complex relationship between health and sexuality is significant, yet

Mandy Loates; Christine A. Walsh

2010-01-01

50

Issues and Strategies Involved in Helping Homeless Parents of Young Children Strengthen Their Self-Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homeless parents of young children face many stressors that erode their self-esteem. This article articulates these stressors\\u000a and how they negatively impact homeless parents and their children. Strategies for helping parents empower themselves and\\u000a their children are explained.

Kevin J. Swick

2009-01-01

51

Poor Parenting and Antisocial Behavior among Homeless Young Adults: Links to Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2012-01-01

52

Direct and Indirect Effects of Parenting on the Academic Functioning of Young Homeless Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: Effects of parenting quality on the academic functioning of young homeless children were examined using data from 58 children ages 4 to 7 and their parents during their stay at an emergency homeless shelter. Parenting quality, child executive function, child intellectual functioning, and risk status were assessed in the shelter, and teacher reports of academic functioning were obtained

Janette E. Herbers; J. J. Cutuli; Theresa L. Lafavor; Danielle Vrieze; Cari Leibel; Jelena Obradovi?; Ann S. Masten

2011-01-01

53

Older Women in the Homeless Shelter: Personal Perspectives and Practice Ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on the themes generated by interviews conducted with 10 women over the age of 50, currently homeless and residing in an overnight homeless shelter. In-depth interviews were conducted asking women to tell their stories, talk about their lives in the shelter, and speak about their needs, hopes, and dreams. Based on an analysis of these interviews, the

Jennifer Davis-Berman

2011-01-01

54

Dietary Intake of Homeless Women Residing at a Transitional Living Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women who are homeless experience health problems due to many factors, including poor nutrition. This paper describes a nutritional assessment of women who are homeless living at a transitional living center in an urban setting. A rapid food screener was used to assess fat, fruit and vegetable, and fiber intake, and focus group analysis was used to assess nutritional attitudes

Lisa R. Davis; Warren L. Holleman; Nancy F. Weller; Monika Jadhav

2008-01-01

55

Mortality and Life Expectancy in Homeless Men and Women in Rotterdam: 2001-2010  

PubMed Central

Background Data on mortality among homeless people are limited. Therefore, this study aimed to describe mortality patterns within a cohort of homeless adults in Rotterdam (the Netherlands) and to assess excess mortality as compared to the general population in that city. Methods Based on 10-year follow-up of homeless adults aged ? 20 years who visited services for homeless people in Rotterdam in 2001, and on vital statistics, we assessed the association of mortality with age, sex and type of service used (e.g. only day care, convalescence care, other) within the homeless cohort, and also compared mortality between the homeless and general population using Poisson regression. Life tables and decomposition methods were used to examine differences in life expectancy. Results During follow-up, of the 2096 adult homeless 265 died. Among the homeless, at age 30 years no significant sex differences were found in overall mortality rates and life expectancy. Compared with the general Rotterdam population, mortality rates were 3.5 times higher in the homeless cohort. Excess mortality was larger in women (rate ratio [RR] RR 5.56, 95% CI 3.95–7.82) as compared to men (RR 3.31, 95% CI 2.91–3.77), and decreased with age (RR 7.67, 95% CI 6.87–8.56 for the age group 20–44 and RR 1.63, 95% CI 1.41–1.88 for the age group 60+ years). Life expectancy at age 30 years was 11.0 (95% CI 9.1–12.9) and 15.9 (95% CI 10.3–21.5) years lower for homeless men and women compared to men and women in the general population respectively. Conclusion Homeless adults face excessive losses in life expectancy, with greatest disadvantages among homeless women and the younger age groups. PMID:24098329

Nusselder, Wilma J.; Slockers, Marcel T.; Krol, Luuk; Slockers, Colette T.; Looman, Caspar W. N.; van Beeck, Ed F.

2013-01-01

56

Social Networks in Time and Space: Homeless Women in Skid Row, Los Angeles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks operate within a specific time-space fabric. This paper develops a theoretical framework for understanding the role of social networks among the homeless. The concept of time-space discontinuity is offered as a way to conceptualize the impacts of homelessness on social network formation, daily paths, life paths, personal identity and self-esteem. Ethnographic research among homeless women in Skid Row,

Stacy Rowe; Jennifer Wolch

1990-01-01

57

When the Bough Breaks: The Effects of Homelessness on Young Children. Early Childhood Highlights. Volume 3, Issue 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Living without permanent, long-term housing creates a number of stressors for children and families, but being homeless can be particularly detrimental to the healthy development of young children. The National Center on Family Homelessness reports that more than 1.6 million children--or one in 45 children--were homeless annually in America…

McCoy-Roth, Marci; Mackintosh, Bonnie B.; Murphey, David

2012-01-01

58

Breast Cancer in Young Women  

MedlinePLUS

... Podcasts Health-e-Cards Web Badges Infographics Twitter Breast Cancer in Young Women Share Compartir Most breast cancers ... lower your risk. What Is CDC Doing about Breast Cancer in Young Women? CDC works with public, non- ...

59

Sustaining dignity? Food insecurity in homeless young people in urban Australia.  

PubMed

Issue addressed Food insecurity is recognised as an increasing problem in disadvantaged and marginalised groups. The aim of this study was to investigate issues associated with food insecurity and nutrition in young people experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness in metropolitan Australia. Methods Eight focus group discussions were conducted with 48 young people (aged between 15 and 25 years) in specialist homelessness services in central and south-western Sydney. Results Participants described daily experiences of food insecurity, persistent hunger and poverty. Structural barriers to food security and nutrition were identified and included poverty and reduced physical access to fresh foods. Participants also described a desire to save time, for convenience and to be socially connected. Despite the hardships and the chaos of youth homelessness, the groups were defined by their strength of character, resilience and hope for the future. Conclusion Homeless young people within central and south-western Sydney report varying degrees of food insecurity, despite being supported by specialist youth homelessness services. So what? A collaborative, multistrategic approach with youth participation is required to further enhance the capacity of youth services to improve food security, food access and the availability of nutritious foods for homeless young people. A greater focus on advocacy and policy action is also required to bring food security and nutrition to the forefront of national efforts to improve the health and welfare of disadvantaged groups. PMID:25131381

Crawford, Belinda; Yamazaki, Rowena; Franke, Elise; Amanatidis, Sue; Ravulo, Jioji; Steinbeck, Kate; Ritchie, Jan; Torvaldsen, Siranda

2014-09-01

60

Adapting an Evidence-Based Intervention for Homeless Women: Engaging the Community in Shared Decision-making  

PubMed Central

As interest grows in the diffusion of evidence-based interventions (EBIs), there is increasing concern about how to mitigate implementation challenges; this paper concerns adapting an EBI for homeless women. Complementing earlier focus groups with homeless women, homeless service providers (n = 32) were engaged in focus groups to assess capacity, needs, and barriers with implementation of EBIs. Deductive analyses of data led to the selection of four EBIs. Six consensus groups were then undertaken; three each with homeless women (n = 24) and homeless service providers (n = 21). The selected EBI was adapted and pretested with homeless women (n = 9) and service providers (n = 6). The structured consensus group process provided great utility and affirmed the expertise of homeless women and service providers as experts in their domain. Engaging providers in the selection process reduced the structural barriers within agencies as obstacles to diffusion. PMID:25418227

Cederbaum, Julie A.; Song, Ahyoung; Hsu, Hsun-Ta; Tucker, Joan S.; Wenzel, Suzanne L.

2014-01-01

61

Designing ubiquitous information systems for a community of homeless young people: precaution and a way forward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon and distinguishing themselves from domestic, public, work, and natural settings, homeless communities offer new\\u000a cultural frontiers into which ubiquitous computing could diffuse. We report on one such frontier, a community of homeless\\u000a young people, located in Seattle, WA, seeking both to foresee the consequences of pervasive access to digital media and communications\\u000a and to prepare for its seemingly

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; David G. Hendry

62

Five Dimensions of Faith and Spiritually of Older African American Women Transitioning Out of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Homelessness among older African American women is emerging as a serious social problem. The increasing cost of living, diminishing\\u000a community resources, and shrinking retirement benefits, as well as reduced social services are resulting in greater numbers\\u000a of older minority women becoming homeless. Aims This investigation explores the relevance of faith and spirituality to an advocacy assessment designed to help

Olivia G. M. Washington; David P. Moxley; Lois Garriott; Jennifer P. Weinberger

2009-01-01

63

Welfare Indignities: Homeless Women, Domestic Violence, and Welfare Reform in San Francisco  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data collected during a 4 year ethnography, this paper examines how the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity\\u000a Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) has impacted homeless women in San Francisco who are also victims of domestic violence. Specifically\\u000a this paper looks at how the behavior of abusive men prevents homeless women from successfully navigating the new welfare-to-work\\u000a requirements and maintaining stable employment.

Anne R. Roschelle

2008-01-01

64

Applying the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to Health Services Utilization in Homeless Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We applied the Gelberg-Andersen Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations to predict health services utilization (HSU) in 875 homeless US women. Structural models assessed the impact of predisposing (demographics, psychological distress, alcohol\\/drug problems, homelessness severity), enabling (health insurance, source of care, barriers) and need (illness) variables on HSU (preventive care, outpatient visits, hospitalizations). Homelessness severity predicted illness, barriers and less insurance.

Judith A. Stein; Ronald Andersen; Lillian Gelberg

2007-01-01

65

Psychiatric disorders and treatment among newly homeless young adults with histories of foster care  

PubMed Central

Objective While foster care placement is often preceded by stressful events such as childhood abuse, foster care itself often exposes children to additional severe stressors. A history of foster care, as well as the childhood abuse that often precedes it, is common among homeless young adults. However, whether a history of foster care elevates the likelihood of psychiatric disorders and treatment among homeless young adults, after adjustment for childhood abuse, is unknown. This study examined whether a history of foster care was associated with psychiatric disorders, prior psychiatric counseling, prescription of psychiatric medications, and prior psychiatric hospitalization among newly homeless young adults, controlling for childhood abuse and other covariates. Methods Among a consecutive sample of 424 newly homeless young adults (18 to 21 years) in a crisis shelter, logistic regression analyses determined the associations between foster care and any psychiatric disorder (affective, anxiety, personality, psychotic) and psychiatric treatment, adjusted for demographics, childhood abuse, substance abuse, prior arrest, unemployment, lack of high school diploma, and histories of psychiatric disorders and drug abuse among biological relatives. Results Homeless young adults with histories of foster care were 70% more likely to report any psychiatric disorder (AOR=1.70) and twice as likely to have received mental health counseling for a psychiatric disorder (AOR=2.17), been prescribed psychiatric medication (AOR=2.26), and been hospitalized for psychiatric problems (AOR=2.15) than those without such histories. Conclusions Histories of foster care should trigger screening for psychiatric disorders among homeless young adults to aid in the provision of treatment (counseling, medication, hospitalization) tailored to their psychiatric needs. PMID:22706986

Thompson, Ronald G.; Hasin, Deborah S.

2013-01-01

66

Correlates of Depressed Mood among Young Stimulant-Using Homeless Gay and Bisexual Men  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for reporting suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to be experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support while persons who reported severe body pain were almost 6 times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steve; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2013-01-01

67

Correlates of depressed mood among young stimulant-using homeless gay and bisexual men.  

PubMed

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) men are at risk for suicide attempts and have high risk of depressed mood, defined as elevated level of depressive symptoms. This study describes baseline socio-demographic, cognitive, psychosocial, and health- and drug-related correlates of depressed mood in 267 stimulant-using homeless G/B young men who entered a study designed to reduce drug use. G/B men without social support were 11 times more likely to experience depressed mood than their counterparts who had support; those who reported severe body pain were almost six times more likely to report depressed mood than those without pain. Other factors that increased risk of depressed mood included being homeless in the last four months, injecting drugs, reporting poor or fair health status, and high levels of internalized homophobia. This study is one of the first studies to draw a link between pain experienced and depressed mood in homeless young G/B men. Understanding the correlates of depressed mood among homeless G/B young men can help service providers design more targeted treatment plans and provide more appropriate referrals to ancillary care services. PMID:23017039

Nyamathi, Adeline; Branson, Catherine; Idemundia, Faith; Reback, Cathy; Shoptaw, Steven; Marfisee, Mary; Keenan, Colleen; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Liu, Yihang; Yadav, Kartik

2012-10-01

68

The Impact of Homelessness on Recent Sex Trade among Pregnant Women in Drug Treatment.  

PubMed

This study is a secondary data analysis aimed to examine the influence of recent homelessness on recent sex trade among pregnant women in drug treatment after controlling for psychiatric comorbidity, age, education, and race. Eighty-one pregnant women from a drug treatment program in Baltimore, Maryland attended an in-person interview and completed the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV for Axis I disorders, the HIV Risk Behavior Interview, and demographic questionnaires, which assessed psychiatric symptoms, recent homelessness, and sexual risk behavior respectively. Women who experienced recent homelessness had a 4.74 greater odds of having recently traded sex than women who had not been recently homeless, suggesting that homelessness uniquely influences sex trade beyond psychiatric status, which was also a significant correlate of recent sex trade. Addressing both homelessness and psychiatric problems may effectively reduce sex trade and risk for infectious diseases, which could adversely impact maternal and child health outcomes. PMID:22754382

Brown, Qiana L; Cavanaugh, Courtenay E; Penniman, Typhanye V; Latimer, William W

2012-01-01

69

The Impact of Homelessness on Recent Sex Trade among Pregnant Women in Drug Treatment  

PubMed Central

This study is a secondary data analysis aimed to examine the influence of recent homelessness on recent sex trade among pregnant women in drug treatment after controlling for psychiatric comorbidity, age, education, and race. Eighty-one pregnant women from a drug treatment program in Baltimore, Maryland attended an in-person interview and completed the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders-IV for Axis I disorders, the HIV Risk Behavior Interview, and demographic questionnaires, which assessed psychiatric symptoms, recent homelessness, and sexual risk behavior respectively. Women who experienced recent homelessness had a 4.74 greater odds of having recently traded sex than women who had not been recently homeless, suggesting that homelessness uniquely influences sex trade beyond psychiatric status, which was also a significant correlate of recent sex trade. Addressing both homelessness and psychiatric problems may effectively reduce sex trade and risk for infectious diseases, which could adversely impact maternal and child health outcomes. PMID:22754382

Brown, Qiana L.; Cavanaugh, Courtenay E.; Penniman, Typhanye V.; Latimer, William W.

2012-01-01

70

Perceived competency and resolution of homelessness among women with substance abuse problems.  

PubMed

Using a metasynthesis approach, our aim was to articulate new insights relating to the most efficient and effective means of helping homeless women with substance abuse problems to enhance their well-being and become more stably housed. Distorted perceptions of competency, which are shaped by dysfunctional relationships and mental health problems, make it challenging for women with substance abuse problems to resolve homelessness. Women with particularly low or high levels of perceived competency tend to grapple with challenges related to structure and control, trust, and hopelessness. Therapeutic strategies for approaching these women include careful assessment, caring, personalized structure and control, development of interpersonal trust, instillation of hope, and the targeted use of psychotherapeutic agents and counseling. Framing care for homeless women within the context of perceived competency offers a new way of understanding their plight and shaping interventions to more expeditiously move them toward healthy and stable lives. PMID:21890717

Finfgeld-Connett, Deborah; Bloom, Tina L; Johnson, E Diane

2012-03-01

71

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships between youth and adults  

E-print Network

How to integrate digital media into a drop-in for homeless young people for deepening relationships 2010 Keywords: Homeless youth Community drop-ins Digital media Curriculum design Life-skills training for homeless young people, aged 13­25. Motivated by the ordinariness of digital media and its importance

Anderson, Richard

72

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2009-01-01

73

Correlates of Engaging in Survival Sex among Homeless Youth and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 1,625 homeless youth and young adults aged 10 to 25 from 28 different states in the United States, this study examines the correlates of having engaged in survival sex. Findings suggest that differences exist based on demographic variables (gender, age, race, and sexual orientation), lifetime drug use (inhalants, Valium™, crack cocaine, alcohol, Coricidin™, and morphine), recent

N. Eugene Walls; Stephanie Bell

2010-01-01

74

Discrepancies in Reporting of Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated risk factors for discrepant reporting of physical and sexual abuse among 172 homeless young adults. Discrepant reporting includes situations in which a respondent denies experiencing abuse in general but reports being a victim of specific forms of maltreatment. The results revealed that discrepant reporting rates tended to be highest for minor physical assault and for noncontact sexual

Kimberly A. Tyler; Lisa A. Melander

2009-01-01

75

The Psychosocial Context of Homeless Mothers with Young Children: Program and Policy Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study explores the psychosocial difficulties facing homeless mothers with young children. Variables include impulse control, emotional tonality, social relationships, morality, goal orientation, coping, psychopathology, social adjustment, and sense of fatalism or control. Addresses value of results for designing social intervention programs for…

Dail, Paula W.

1990-01-01

76

Homeless young people's experiences with information systems: life and work in a community technology center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how homeless young people, aged 13-25, make use of information systems in daily life. Observed in a community technology center, four different examples of uses are described: i) Using digital tools to find employment, ii) Telling stories with representations of the built world, iii) Portraying life on the street with video, and iv) Constructing online identities. From

Jill Palzkill Woelfer; David G. Hendry

2010-01-01

77

Correlates of HIV Risk Behaviors Among Homeless and Unstably Housed Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Objectives Homeless young adults are exposed to multiple risk factors for HIV infection. We identified HIV risk behaviors and their correlates among homeless young adults in Portland, Oregon. Methods We conducted a community-based, cross-sectional survey of HIV risk behaviors among homeless young adults aged 18–25 years in 2010. Participants completed three study components: (1) an interviewer-administered survey of HIV risk behaviors; (2) a brief, client-centered HIV risk-based counseling session; and (3) rapid HIV testing. Results Among 208 participants, 45.8% identified as racial/ethnic minority groups, 63.8% were male, and 35.7% self-identified as nonheterosexual. Six participants, all from sexual minority groups, had positive HIV screening results (two newly identified, four previously known) for a seropositivity rate of 2.9%. Female sex, belonging to a sexual minority group, frequent traveling between cities, depression, and alcohol use to intoxication were significantly associated with unprotected sex in univariate analysis. Female sex and high perceived risk of HIV were significantly associated with unprotected sex in multivariate analysis. Conclusions Our findings support the need for enhanced HIV prevention interventions for homeless young adults. PMID:23633730

Logan, Jennifer L.; Frye, Alison; Pursell, Haley O.; Anderson-Nathe, Michael; Scholl, Juliana E.

2013-01-01

78

Poor parenting and antisocial behavior among homeless young adults: links to dating violence perpetration and victimization.  

PubMed

Though research has examined risk factors associated with street victimization among homeless young people, little is known about dating violence experiences among this group. Given homeless youths' elevated rates of child maltreatment, it is likely that they are at high risk for dating violence. As such, the current study examined the association between child maltreatment and parental warmth with dating violence perpetration and victimization through substance use and delinquency among a sample of 172 homeless males and females. Results from path analysis revealed that physical abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect were all significant correlates of both substance use and delinquency, whereas lack of parental warmth was only associated with substance use. Neglect and substance use had direct effects on dating violence and substance use and was found to mediate the relationship between physical abuse and dating violence. Finally, females, older youth, and non-Whites had significantly higher levels of dating violence compared with their counterparts. PMID:22080581

Tyler, Kimberly A; Melander, Lisa A

2012-05-01

79

Community Women's Circle: A Partnership Program Developed to Connect and Serve Homeless, Poor and Socially Marginalized Women with Developmental Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

For approximately three years Street Health Nursing Foundation, Regent Park Community Health Centre and Surrey Place Centre (SPC) have been conducting a drop- in, support group for women who have developmental disabilities and are homeless, poor, and socially marginalized. We found that these women came from a different culture and shared some increased vulnerabilities not shared by the clients we

Cheryl Bedard; Caroll Drummond; Josie Ricciardi; Fiona Husband

80

The Relationship of Victimization Experiences to Psychological Well-Being among Homeless Women and Low-Income Housed Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of stressful experiences on the psychological well-being of 113 homeless women and 116 low-income housed women were investigated. Measures of victimization assessed multiple dimensions of this construct, including criminal victimization, sexual harassment, and sexual abuse. Measures of daily environmental hassles and quality of family…

Ingram, Kathleen M.; And Others

1996-01-01

81

Sexual Abuse as a Precursor to Prostitution and Victimization among Adolescent and Adult Homeless Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied 40 adolescent runaways and 95 homeless women to examine impact of early sexual abuse on prostitution and victimization. Findings suggest that early sexual abuse increases probability of involvement in prostitution irrespective of influence of running away, substance abuse, and other deviant acts; only indirectly affects chances of…

Simons, Ronald L.; Whitbeck, Les B.

1991-01-01

82

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway\\/Homeless Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Homeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low- birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national

Sanna J. Thompson; Kimberly A. Bender; Carol M. Lewis; Rita Watkins

83

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

PubMed Central

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting and negative outcomes including depression, delinquency, physical and sexual victimization, and substance use, are similar for these two groups. The sample consisted of 172 homeless young adults from the Midwestern United States. Multivariate results revealed that among those previously in foster care, a history of physical abuse and neglect were positively associated with more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse and neglect were related to delinquency and physical victimization. Additionally, lower caretaker monitoring was linked to greater delinquent participation. Among those without a history of foster care, physical abuse was related to more depressive symptoms whereas sexual abuse was positively correlated with delinquency, sexual victimization, and substance use. Furthermore, lower monitoring was related to more substance use. Our findings are discussed in terms of a social stress framework and we review the implications of foster care placement for homeless young adults. PMID:21243115

Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

84

Perceived Factors Influencing the Initiation of Drug and Alcohol Use Among Homeless Women and Reported Consequences of Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative research approach was used to explore the factors that influence the initiation of drug and alcohol use among homeless women and the health and social consequences of drug and alcohol use. The sample consisted of 238 women; of whom 209 women reported drug and\\/or alcohol use in the past month and 29 women reported no history of drug

Adeline Nyamathi; Linda Bayley; Nancy Anderson; Colleen Keenan; Barbara Leake

1999-01-01

85

Life Experiences and Vulnerabilities of Homeless Women: A Comparison of Women Unaccompanied Versus Accompanied by Minor Children, and Correlates with Children's Emotional Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

The histories and service needs of 2 groups of homeless women, those unaccompanied by minor children (n = 46) and those accompanied by minor children (n = 22), were compared, on the basis of their responses to a biennial survey of homeless people in a midsize city in the southeast United States. Mothers of children aged 2–10 also completed a

Timothy Page; Roger M. Nooe

2002-01-01

86

Breast cancer in young women  

PubMed Central

Although uncommon, breast cancer in young women is worthy of special attention due to the unique and complex issues that are raised. This article reviews specific challenges associated with the care of younger breast cancer patients, which include fertility preservation, management of inherited breast cancer syndromes, maintenance of bone health, secondary prevention, and attention to psychosocial issues. PMID:21067532

2010-01-01

87

Breast cancer in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast surgery in young women is associated with a significant impact on the patient’s health-related quality of life due\\u000a to changes in body image and sexuality. These perceptions are being increasingly considered as integral to understanding health\\u000a outcomes. Of the available surgical techniques, mastectomy is associated with the highest psychosocial morbidity, and breast-conserving\\u000a surgery with the least. If breast-conserving surgery

Agustí Barnadas; Carlos Vázquez

2010-01-01

88

Relative contributions of parent substance use and childhood maltreatment to chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems among homeless women: mediating roles of self-esteem and abuse in adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study, using latent variable methodology, explores simultaneously the relative effects of childhood abuse and early parental substance abuse on later chronic homelessness, depression, and substance abuse problems in a sample of homeless women. We also examine whether self-esteem and recent violence can serve as mediators between the childhood predictors and the dysfunctional outcomes.Method: The sample consists of 581

Judith A Stein; Michelle Burden Leslie; Adeline Nyamathi

2002-01-01

89

Impact of nursing intervention on improving HIV, hepatitis knowledge and mental health among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

In a prospective two-group pilot study of a convenient sample of 156 young adults, we assessed improvement in HIV cognitive and transmission knowledge, hepatitis knowledge, and mental health at six-month follow-up. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed higher six-month scores in total HIV/AIDS knowledge, HIV/AIDS cognitive knowledge, HIV transmission knowledge and HBV and HCV knowledge at 6 months in the Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP) group compared to the Art Messaging (AM) group. Moreover, homeless young participants who reported having significant others in their lives, and excellent or very good health did better than their counterparts. Youth who were attempting to get their lives together had higher scores for all types of knowledge except HBV. Hallucinogen users had significantly worse scores on all knowledge measures than non-users. Lastly, the HHP group revealed an improvement in psychological well-being compared to the AM group. PMID:22797748

Nyamathi, Adeline; Kennedy, Barbara; Branson, Catherine; Salem, Benissa; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Getzoff, Daniel; Leake, Barbara

2013-04-01

90

Young women and politics: an oxymoron?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building upon the literature that examines young people and politics, this article examines the extent to which young women are interested in politics. The hypothesis is that young women might not necessarily be interested in mainstream party politics but that, when questioned, they are actually interested in political issues. This ties in with the findings of the burgeoning literature on

Jacqueline Ellen Briggs

2008-01-01

91

Young Women and Politics: An Oxymoron?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building upon the literature that examines young people and politics, this article examines the extent to which young women are interested in politics. The hypothesis is that young women might not necessarily be interested in mainstream party politics but that, when questioned, they are actually interested in political issues. This ties in with…

Briggs, Jacqueline Ellen

2008-01-01

92

The effect of victimization, mental health, and protective factors on crime and illicit drug use among homeless young adults.  

PubMed

Although research has found high rates of child maltreatment, widespread victimization, and other negative outcomes among homeless youth and young adults, resiliency among this population has largely been understudied. Specifically, a gap remains in terms of how protective factors such as self-efficacy, low deviant beliefs, and religiosity operate among homeless youth and young adults. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between various forms of victimization, mental health, and protective factors with property and violent crime and illicit drug use among homeless young adults. Results from regression analyses indicate that running away from home more frequently, experiencing more physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs were associated with greater property crime. Significant correlates of violent crime included being male, running away from home more frequently, greater sexual and physical victimization on the street, higher levels of self-efficacy, and more deviant beliefs. Finally, being male, running away more frequently from home, greater child physical abuse and partner victimization, and more deviant beliefs were all associated with greater illicit drug use. Self-efficacy was positively related to both property and violent crime, suggesting that it may not operate for homeless young adults in the same manner as it does for normative populations. PMID:24834752

Tyler, Kimberly A; Kort-Butler, Lisa A; Swendener, Alexis

2014-01-01

93

Street careers: homelessness, drug use, and sex work among young men who have sex with men (YMSM)  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Hustling” or sex work is a common means of surviving on the streets and paying for drugs among homeless youth. In this article, we formulate the concepts of “street capital” and “street competencies” to describe how 10 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) in New York City accumulated various knowledge and skills throughout their childhood and adolescence, and

Stephen E. Lankenau; Michael C. Clatts; Dorinda Welle; Lloyd A. Goldsamt; Marya Viost Gwadz

2005-01-01

94

Modeling minority stress effects on homelessness and health disparities among young men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

Sexual minority youth are more likely to experience homelessness, and homeless sexual minority youth report greater risk for mental health and substance abuse symptoms than homeless heterosexual youth, yet few studies have assessed determinants that help explain the disparities. Minority stress theory proposes that physical and mental health disparities among sexual minority populations may be explained by the stress produced by living in heterosexist social environments characterized by stigma and discrimination directed toward sexual minority persons. We used data from a sample of 200 young men who have sex with men (YMSM) (38 % African American, 26.5 % Latino/Hispanic, 23.5 % White, 12 % multiracial/other) to develop an exploratory path model measuring the effects of experience and internalization of sexual orientation stigma on depression and substance use via being kicked out of home due to sexual orientation and current homelessness. Direct significant paths were found from experience of sexual orientation-related stigma to internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma, having been kicked out of one's home, experiencing homelessness during the past year, and major depressive symptoms during the past week. Having been kicked out of one's home had a direct significant effect on experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months and on daily marijuana use. Internalization of sexual orientation-related stigma and experiencing homelessness during the past 12 months partially mediated the direct effect of experience of sexual orientation-related stigma on major depressive symptoms. Our empirical testing of the effects of minority stress on health of YMSM advances minority stress theory as a framework for investigating health disparities among this population. PMID:24807702

Bruce, Douglas; Stall, Ron; Fata, Aimee; Campbell, Richard T

2014-06-01

95

HPV Vaccine Information for Young Women  

MedlinePLUS

... STDs) Share Compartir HPV Vaccine Information For Young Women - Fact Sheet Two vaccines are available to prevent ... warts at any point in time. Which girls/women should receive HPV vaccination? HPV vaccination is recommended ...

96

Unwritten: Young Women Faculty in Educational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: As women professors of educational leadership who are involved with feminist research and the preparation of k-12 women leaders, the authors came to the realization that while they have dedicated their professional lives to advancing women leaders in the k-12 environment, they have neglected women like themselves, particularly young

Sherman, Whitney H.; Beaty, Danna M.; Crum, Karen S.; Peters, April

2010-01-01

97

Embodied Subjectivities: Nine Young Women Talking Dance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to examine nine Australian young women's embodied experiences of dance. The young women were all amateur dancers involved in weekly jazz, tap, and ballet dance classes at the same dance studio. In this paper, embodiment is defined as multidimensional (Burkitt 1999). The authors explore the ways the corporeal and…

O'Flynn, Gabrielle; Pryor, Zoe; Gray, Tonia

2013-01-01

98

Supporting Homeless Youth: Perspectives and Preferences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homelessness among adolescents and young adults is a growing concern in Canada and other countries, yet little is known about their support needs and support intervention preferences from the perspectives of homeless youth or youth at risk of homelessness. The authors assessed these needs and preferences through individual and group interviews with homeless adolescents and young adults (n = 35)

Miriam Stewart; Linda Reutter; Nicole Letourneau; Edward Makwarimba; Krista Hungler

2010-01-01

99

The Impact of Childhood Foster Care and Other Out-Of-Home Placement on Homeless Women and Their Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 179 homeless women found that the variables associated with their children living in foster care or other out-of-home placements were: school-aged children, mother was age 35 or older, mother had a current alcohol or drug use disorder, mother experienced childhood sexual abuse, and mother had been a runaway. (Author/CR)

Zlotnick, Cheryl; Robertson, Marjorie J.; Wright, Marguerite A.

1999-01-01

100

Runaway and Pregnant: Risk Factors Associated with Pregnancy in a National Sample of Runaway\\/Homeless Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeHomeless youth are at particularly high risk for teen pregnancy; research indicates as many as 20% of homeless young women become pregnant. These pregnant and homeless teens lack financial resources and adequate health care, resulting in increased risk for low–birth-weight babies and high infant mortality. This study investigated individual and family-level predictors of teen pregnancy among a national sample of

Sanna J. Thompson; Kimberly A. Bender; Carol M. Lewis; Rita Watkins

2008-01-01

101

Homelessness among a cohort of women in street-based sex work: the need for safer environment interventions  

PubMed Central

Background Drawing on data from a community-based prospective cohort study in Vancouver, Canada, we examined the prevalence and individual, interpersonal and work environment correlates of homelessness among 252 women in street-based sex work. Methods Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression using generalized estimating equations (GEE) was used to examine the individual, interpersonal and work environment factors that were associated with homelessness among street-based sex workers. Results Among 252 women, 43.3% reported homelessness over an 18-month follow-up period. In the multivariable GEE logistic regression analysis, younger age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 0.93; 95%confidence interval [95%CI] 0.93-0.98), sexual violence by non-commercial partners (aOR = 2.14; 95%CI 1.06-4.34), servicing a higher number of clients (10+ per week vs < 10) (aOR = 1.68; 95%CI 1.05-2.69), intensive, daily crack use (aOR = 1.65; 95%CI 1.11-2.45), and servicing clients in public spaces (aOR = 1.52; CI 1.00-2.31) were independently associated with sleeping on the street. Conclusions These findings indicate a critical need for safer environment interventions that mitigate the social and physical risks faced by homeless FSWs and increase access to safe, secure housing for women. PMID:21838894

2011-01-01

102

The Age of Confusion. Why So Many Teens Are Getting Pregnant, Turning to Welfare and Ending up Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report documents a history of unintended pregnancy, premature motherhood, and failure to plan for the future. Research indicates that most homeless young women are aware of birth control, but few of those who became pregnant were able to translate this knowledge into practice. The failure of homeless mothers to engage in family planning is…

Homes for the Homeless, Inc., New York, NY.

103

Predictors of Change in Self-Reported Social Networks among Homeless Young People  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigates changes in social network size and composition of 351 homeless adolescents over 3 years. Findings show that network size decreases over time. Homeless youth with a conduct disorder begin street life with small networks that remain small over time. Caregiver abuse is associated with smaller emotional networks due to fewer…

Falci, Christina D.; Whitbeck, Les B.; Hoyt, Dan R.; Rose, Trina

2011-01-01

104

Using Social Justice Group Work with Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility…

Coker, Angela D.; Meyer, Dixie; Smith, Rachelle; Price, Amber

2010-01-01

105

Using Social Justice Group Work With Young Mothers Who Experience Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates (e.g., Bassuk et al., 1997) that women and children make up a large percentage of the total number of individuals living without permanent shelter. This article represents a reflective analysis of our work as group facilitators who conducted a series of personal growth groups for young mothers living in a residential facility located in a Midwestern city in

Angela D. Coker; Dixie Meyer; Rachelle Smith; Amber Price

2010-01-01

106

Correlates of Hepatitis B Virus and HIV Knowledge among Gay and Bisexual Homeless Young Adults in Hollywood  

PubMed Central

Homeless gay and bisexual (G/B) young men have multiple risk factors which increase their risk of contracting hepatitis B virus (HBV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This study used baseline information from structured instruments to assess correlates of knowledge to HIV and HBV infection from a 267 young (18–39 year old) gay/bisexual (G/B) active methamphetamine, cocaine and crack-using homeless men enrolled in a longitudinal trial. The study is designed to reduce drug use and improve knowledge of hepatitis and HIV/AIDS in a community center in Hollywood California. Regression modeling revealed that previous hepatitis education delivered to G/B men was associated with higher levels of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis knowledge. Moreover, higher HIV/AIDS knowledge was associated with combining sex and drinking alcohol. Associations with hepatitis B knowledge was found among G/B men who were engaging in sex while under the influence of marijuana, who were receiving support from non-drug users, and who had been homeless in the last four months. While being informed about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis did not preclude risky sexual and drug use behavior, knowledge about the dangers of concurrent sex with substance use is important. As higher levels of knowledge of hepatitis was associated with more moderate drug use, early access to testing and teaching harm reduction strategies remains critical to reduce exposure and infection of HBV and HIV in this population. PMID:22879650

Nyamathi, Adeline; Salem, Benissa; Reback, Cathy J.; Shoptaw, Steven; Branson, Catherine M.; Idemundia, Faith E.; Kennedy, Barbara; Khalilifard, Farinaz; Marfisee, Mary; Liu, Yihang

2013-01-01

107

Young Women Online: Collaboratively Constructing Identities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I examine how young women construct their identities with others in online communities. I argue that the proliferation of social networking and its popularity among young people means that performed identities are increasingly collaboratively constructed, with the individual having less control over their public image than was…

Paechter, Carrie

2013-01-01

108

Fear of a black (and working-class) planet: young women and the racialization of reproductive politics.  

PubMed

Racialized and class specific as well as gendered heterosexuality is compulsory for young women. Substantial academic literature addressed the incidence of premarital adolescent heterosexual intercourse paying particular attention to young working-class women and (especially in the US) to young women of color. During the 1980s, journals and academic texts in the US debated the so-called black underclass disregarding the effects of Reaganomics: increasing poverty, homelessness, ill health, and unemployment, which affected young African-American women. From a traditional (hetero)patriarchal standpoint, any teenage pregnancy is a problem. Hence pregnancy avoidance and planned parenthood focus on young working-class women and young women of color presumed to constitute the problem of the (hetero)sexually active teenager. The ideology of fetal rights as used in anti-abortion and pro-life arguments represents the life of a pregnant woman as in direct opposition to that of her fetus. The ideology of adolescence constructs all young people as inherently prone to irresponsibility, especially if they are female, working-class, and black. In the Third World, young women considered as irresponsible mothers more likely face enforced sterilization than access to abortion in the guise of genetic counseling for disabilities or without explicit consent during other gynecological operations. Feminists point out that under current legislation in England and Wales, fetuses defined as seriously handicapped can be aborted up to the moment of birth. The legacy of eugenicist ideas lives on in assumptions about the inherent deficiencies of young working-class women, young women of color, and young women with disabilities as potential mothers. Yet despite the institutional, cultural, and ideological force of appropriate heterosexual and reproductive activity, young women continue to challenge common sense definitions of normality and deviance. PMID:12287096

Griffin, C

1992-10-01

109

In their own words: trauma and substance abuse in the lives of formerly homeless women with serious mental illness.  

PubMed

In-depth interviews were conducted with 13 formerly homeless mentally ill women to capture their individual life trajectories of mental illness, substance abuse, and trauma in their own words. Cross-case analyses produced 5 themes: (a) betrayals of trust, (b) graphic or gratuitous nature of traumatic events, (c) anxiety about leaving their immediate surroundings (including attending group treatment programs), (d) desire for one's own space, and (e) gender-related status loss and stigmatization. Findings suggest formerly homeless mentally ill women need (and want) autonomy, protection from further victimization, and assistance in restoring status and devalued identity. Avenues for intervention include enhanced provider training, addressing experiences of betrayal and trauma, and more focused attention to current symptoms rather than previous diagnoses. PMID:17209714

Padgett, Deborah K; Hawkins, Robert Leibson; Abrams, Courtney; Davis, Andrew

2006-10-01

110

Successes and challenges of feminist arts-based participatory methodologies with homeless\\/street-involved women in Victoria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This feminist arts-based participatory research project with a group of homeless\\/street-involved women used group interviews and the creation of collective and individual artworks to explore their personal and political realities and share these with a larger audience. The project built trust and a sense of community, encouraged artistic skills development, and allowed to emerge an artistic identity to combat the

Darlene Clover

2011-01-01

111

Perceptions of Students about Younger and Older Men and Women who May Be Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future human service providers will interact with homeless persons in health, mental health, and social service practice contexts. This study investigated the perceptions of students enrolled in social work courses who are pursuing degrees in human service programs toward older and younger female and male homeless individuals. Respondents (N = 207) were given one of four vignettes in which a

Michael N. Kane; Diane Green; Robin J. Jacobs

2010-01-01

112

Sexual concurrency among young African American women.  

PubMed

Young African-American women are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) sexually transmitted infections (STI), and engage in greater sexual concurrency than other race/ethnicities. It is important to evaluate behaviors and characteristics associated with the risk of sexual concurrency, so that interventions can target factors most likely to affect positive change. An emphasis on correlates of concurrency beyond individual-level factors has been suggested. The purpose of this study, therefore, was to identify individual- and partner-level characteristics associated with sexual concurrency among high-risk, young African-American women. Data were collected from 570 African-American adolescent women (aged 15-21) recruited from a STI clinic, a family planning clinic, and a teen clinic located in Atlanta, GA from March 2002 through August 2004. Logistic regression analysis was conducted in 2012 to evaluate correlates of sexual concurrency. Results show that almost one-quarter of participants reported sexually concurrent partnerships and 28.4% suspected male partner concurrency. Logistic regression results indicated the number of lifetime sexual partners and relationship factors were the primary contributors to engaging in concurrency in this sample. These findings suggest relationship factors may be important contributors to the prevalence of sexual concurrency among young African-American women. Interventions targeted toward sexual health among young African-American women may need to specifically address partner/relationship factors. Through these findings, we hope to better understand sexual risk taking and develop strategies that would overcome barriers to existing interventions aimed at improving the sexual health outcomes of young African-American women. PMID:23363034

Waldrop-Valverde, Drenna G; Davis, Teaniese L; Sales, Jessica M; Rose, Eve S; Wingood, Gina M; DiClemente, Ralph J

2013-01-01

113

Young Men and Young Women. Vulnerable Youth and the Transition to Adulthood. ASPE Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fact sheet considers differences in behaviors and outcomes between young men and young women as they transition to adulthood. It also considers whether differences between young men and young women are related to the fact that some women are caring for children. Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997, the analysis compares…

Zielewski, Erica H.

2009-01-01

114

Sensual Sexuality Education with Young Parenting Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive sexuality education curricula that incorporate sex positive and integrated approaches go beyond a presentation of facts and strategies for prevention to emphasize the promotion of sexual subjectivity and wellbeing. A pilot sensual sexuality education program was planned, implemented and informally evaluated with young parenting women

Gubrium, Aline C.; Shafer, Miriam B.

2014-01-01

115

Gender Differences in the Residential Origins of the Homeless: Identification of Areas with High Risk of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a gender perspective on homelessness concerning residential origins. Data were obtained through the 2005 homelessness survey in Miami-Dade County, Florida. The residential origins of homeless women are more widespread and less concentrated in the neighborhoods of high poverty than those of homeless men. Areas with lack of low-rent housing units are at greatest risk of generating homeless

Deden Rukmana

2010-01-01

116

The Baltimore Leadership School for Young Women BLSYW Teacher  

E-print Network

The Baltimore Leadership School for Young Women BLSYW Teacher Baltimore Leadership School for Young Women (BLSYW) is a college preparatory, all girls and support system, 3) Tons of leadership and enrichment opportunities. BLSYW

117

Does pornography influence young women’s sexual behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young women (n = 1,000), visiting a family planning clinic in Stockholm, Sweden, answered a questionnaire about their sexual behavior and if they had seen pornography. Four out of five had consumed pornography, and one-third of these believed that pornography had impacted their sexual behavior. As many as 47% had experienced anal intercourse, which was significantly more common among older

Christina Rogala; Tanja Tydén

2003-01-01

118

Young Women and the Co-Construction of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Young women's leadership is an area frequently overlooked in educational leadership development. This paper aims to bring young women's voices into educational leadership conversations and illustrate an alternative approach to young women's leadership development. Design/methodology/approach: This qualitative action research study was…

McNae, Rachel

2010-01-01

119

Supporting Positive Parenting for Young Children Experiencing Homelessness: The PACT Therapeutic Nursery  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sensitive parenting and secure attachment can serve as protective factors against developmental risks associated with high-risk environments such as homelessness and shelter living. This article describes a program for mothers with children from birth to 3 years old whose families are living in shelters and who are enrolled in PACT: Helping…

Melley, Alison Heinhold; Cosgrove, Kim; Norris-Shortle, Carole; Kiser, Laurel J.; Levey, Eric B.; Coble, Catherine A.; Leviton, Audrey

2010-01-01

120

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes among Homeless Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Melander, Lisa A.

2010-01-01

121

Executive Function Skills and School Success in Young Children Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the role of executive function (EF) skills as a predictor of kindergarten or first-grade adjustment in 138 children living in shelters for homeless families. During the summer, children completed a battery of six EF tasks and three IQ measures. Teachers later rated children's school adjustment in five domains of achievement…

Masten, Ann S.; Herbers, Janette E.; Desjardins, Christopher David; Cutuli, J. J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Sapienza, Julianna K.; Long, Jeffrey D.; Zelazo, Philip David

2012-01-01

122

Homeless Children and Youth: A New American Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These 11 reports focus on policy responses to the needs of very young children who are part of a homeless family, and older young people who are homeless but on their own. The following chapters are included: (1) J. M. Molnar's introduction to the relationship between chronic poverty and homelessness; (2) "Beyond the Numbers: Homeless Families…

Kryder-Coe, Julee H., Ed.; And Others

123

The effectiveness of critical time intervention for abused women and homeless people leaving Dutch shelters: study protocol of two randomised controlled trials  

PubMed Central

Background One of the main priorities of Dutch organisations providing shelter services is to develop evidence-based interventions in the care for abused women and homeless people. To date, most of these organisations have not used specific intervention models and the interventions which have been implemented rarely have an empirical and theoretical foundation. The present studies aim to examine the effectiveness of critical time intervention (CTI) for abused women and homeless people. Methods In two multi-centre randomised controlled trials we investigate whether CTI, a time-limited (nine month) outreach intervention, is more effective than care-as-usual for abused women and homeless people making the transition from shelter facilities to supported or independent housing. Participants were recruited in 19 women’s shelter facilities and 22 homeless shelter facilities across The Netherlands and randomly allocated to the intervention group (CTI) or the control group (care-as-usual). They were interviewed four times in nine months: once before leaving the shelter, and then at three, six and nine months after leaving the shelter. Quality of life (primary outcome for abused women) and recurrent loss of housing (primary outcome for homeless people) as well as secondary outcomes (e.g. care needs, self-esteem, loneliness, social support, substance use, psychological distress and service use) were assessed during the interviews. In addition, the model integrity of CTI was investigated during the data collection period. Discussion Based on international research CTI is expected to be an appropriate intervention for clients making the transition from institutional to community living. If CTI proves to be effective for abused women and homeless people, shelter services could include this case management model in their professional standards and improve the (quality of) services for clients. Trial registration NTR3463 and NTR3425

2013-01-01

124

Center for Young Women's Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Children's Hospital Boston has created a health information site for teen girls that teaches them about important topics ranging from "Health & Development" to "Driving Safety" to "Emotional Health". Visitors will find that the "Ask Us!" feature is one that's vitally important for easily embarrassed teens, because it allows them to ask a health question without asking for their name or e-mail. This website also features three teen "Youth Advisors", participants in the Youth Advisory Program at the Children's Hospital Boston, who have been trained to educate their peers on health topics. They write and publish "Teen Talk", a quarterly newsletter with health information, and visit schools to give health presentations. Visitors will find that Children's Hospital Boston hasn't forgotten about teen boys' health, as they have their own site called "Young Men's Health", which can be accessed from this site by clicking on the "Guys' Guides" link on the left hand menu, near the bottom of the page.

125

Center for Young Women's Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Children's Hospital Boston has created a health information site for teen girls that teaches them about important topics ranging from "Health & Development" to "Driving Safety" to "Emotional Health". Visitors will find that the "Ask Us!" feature is one that's vitally important for easily embarrassed teens, because it allows them to ask a health question without asking for their name or e-mail. This website also features three teen "Youth Advisors", participants in the Youth Advisory Program at the Children's Hospital Boston, who have been trained to educate their peers on health topics. They write and publish "Teen Talk", a quarterly newsletter with health information, and visit schools to give health presentations. Visitors will find that Children's Hospital Boston hasn't forgotten about teen boys' health, as they have their own site called "Young Men's Health", which can be accessed from this site by clicking on the "Guys' Guides" link on the left hand menu, near the bottom of the page.

2010-08-20

126

Low prospects and high risk: structural determinants of health associated with sexual risk among young african american women residing in resource-poor communities in the South.  

PubMed

African American women at increased risk of HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) may engage in risky sex as a coping mechanism for depressed economic conditions. This study examines the association between high-risk sexual behavior and structural determinants of sexual health among a sample of young African American women. 237 young African American women (16-19 years old) from economically disadvantaged neighborhoods in North Carolina were enrolled into a randomized trial testing the efficacy of an adapted HIV/STI prevention intervention. Logistic regression analyses predicted the likelihood that young women reporting lack of food at home, homelessness and low future prospects would also report sexual risk behaviors. Young women reporting a lack of food at home (22 %), homelessness (27 %), and low perceived education/employment prospects (19 %) had between 2.2 and 4.7 times the odds as those not reporting these risk factors of reporting multiple sex partners, risky sex partners including older men and partners involved in gangs, substance use prior to sex, and exchange sex. Self-reported structural determinants of sexual health were associated with myriad sexual risk behaviors. Diminished economic conditions among these young women may lead to sexual risk due to hopelessness, the need for survival or other factors. PMID:25134798

Raiford, Jerris L; Herbst, Jeffrey H; Carry, Monique; Browne, Felicia A; Doherty, Irene; Wechsberg, Wendee M

2014-12-01

127

Specific phobia predicts psychopathology in young women  

PubMed Central

Background Although specific phobia is characterized by an early age at onset and by high rates of comorbidity, few studies have examined comorbid relationships prospectively. Objectives The present study investigated the association between specific phobia and the risk of a broad range of psychopathology among young women in the community. Method Data came from the Dresden Predictor Study in which 1,538 German women (18–25 years) completed a diagnostic interview at two time points. Results Women with specific phobia had a twofold increase in odds of developing any anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, and any somatoform disorder during 17 months, compared to women without specific phobia. Except for depression, these associations persisted after adjustment for all comorbid mental disorders. Conclusions Specific phobia thus appears to be a risk factor for a variety of problems. The result further underpins the necessity for early intervention for specific phobia to prevent later mental health problems. PMID:19888542

Margraf, Jürgen; Vriends, Noortje; Meyer, Andrea H.; Becker, Eni S.

2009-01-01

128

Sensual sexuality education with young parenting women.  

PubMed

Comprehensive sexuality education curricula that incorporate sex positive and integrated approaches go beyond a presentation of facts and strategies for prevention to emphasize the promotion of sexual subjectivity and wellbeing. A pilot sensual sexuality education program was planned, implemented and informally evaluated with young parenting women at an alternative General Educational Development test preparation center. The program prioritized a sex positive framework, including topics such as pleasure, desire and sexual entitlement, and invited participants to explore sexuality through a multisensory orientation. Participants took part in small group discussions and activities that engaged their senses through arts-based methods. Grounded in holism, program topics were integrated with a focus on participants' everyday experiences. The pilot curriculum serves as a promising program for re-positioning young parenting women as sexual subjects, which is key to the promotion of health and wellbeing. PMID:24572457

Gubrium, Aline C; Shafer, Miriam B

2014-08-01

129

Gendered Racial Identity of Black Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to understand the experience and identity development of Black adolescents and young women, it is important to understand\\u000a the intersection of race and gender, or gendered racial identity development. The study sought to unpack aspects of social\\u000a identity particularly gendered racial identity from the phenomenological perspective of participants. This study included\\u000a dyadic focus groups of 17 African American

Anita Jones Thomas; Jason Daniel Hacker; Denada Hoxha

2011-01-01

130

Foster Care Placement, Poor Parenting, and Negative Outcomes Among Homeless Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although homeless youth with and without foster care histories both face adverse life circumstances, little is known about\\u000a how these two groups compare in terms of their early histories and whether they face similar outcomes. As such, we compared\\u000a those with and without a history of foster care placement to determine if the associations between a history of poor parenting

Kimberly A. TylerLisa; Lisa A. Melander

2010-01-01

131

pynk : Breast Cancer Program for Young Women  

PubMed Central

Consider this scenario: A 35-year-old recently married woman is referred to a surgeon because of a growing breast lump. After a core biopsy shows cancer, she undergoes mastectomy for a 6-cm invasive lobular cancer that has spread to 8 axillary nodes. By the time she sees the medical oncologist, she is told that it is too late for a fertility consultation, and she receives a course of chemotherapy. At clinic appointments, she seems depressed and admits that her husband has been less supportive than she had hoped. After tamoxifen is started, treatment-related sexuality problems and the probability of infertility contribute to increasing strain on the couple’s relationship. Their marriage ends two years after the woman’s diagnosis. Six years after her diagnosis, this woman has completed all treatment, is disease-free, and is feeling extremely well physically. However, she is upset about being postmenopausal, and she is having difficulty adopting a child as a single woman with a history of breast cancer. Could this woman and her husband have been offered additional personalized interventions that might have helped them better cope with the breast cancer diagnosis and the effects of treatment? Compared with their older counterparts, young women with breast cancer often have greater and more complex supportive care needs. The present article describes the goals, achievements, and future plans of a specialized interdisciplinary program—the first of its kind in Canada—for women 40 years of age and younger newly diagnosed with breast cancer. The program was created to optimize the complex clinical care and support needs of this population, to promote research specifically targeting issues unique to young women, and to educate the public and health care professionals about early detection of breast cancer in young women and about the special needs of those women after their diagnosis. PMID:23443036

Ali, A.; Warner, E.

2013-01-01

132

The Everyday Violence of Hepatitis C Among Young Women Who Inject Drugs in San Francisco  

PubMed Central

A theoretical understanding of the gendered contours of structural, everyday and symbolic violence suggests that young addicted women are particularly vulnerable to the infectious diseases caused by injection drug use—especially hepatitis C. Participant-observation fieldwork among heroin and speed addicts in San Francisco’s Haight Ashbury neighborhood reveals that extreme levels of violence against women are normalized in the common sense of street-youth drug culture. Physical, sexual and emotional violence, as well as the pragmatics of income generation, including drug and resource sharing in the moral economy of street addicts, oblige most young homeless women to enter into relationships with older men. These relationships are usually abusive and economically parasitical to the women. Sexual objectification and a patriarchal romantic discourse of love and moral worth leads to the misrecognition of gender power inequities by both the men and women who are embroiled in them, as well as by many of the public services and research projects designed to help or control substance abusers. Despite deep epistemological, theoretical and logistical gulfs between quantitative and qualitative methods, applied public health research and the interventions they inform can benefit from the insights provided by a theoretical and cross-methodological focus on how social power contexts shape the spread of infectious disease and promote disproportional levels of social suffering in vulnerable populations. PMID:16685288

Bourgois, Philippe; Prince, Bridget; Moss, Andrew

2005-01-01

133

When, Where, Why and with Whom Homeless Women Engage in Risky Sexual Behaviors: A Framework for Understanding Complex and Varied Decision-Making Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Impoverished women worldwide are at high risk for contracting HIV\\/AIDS. This study explores how homeless women make risky\\u000a sex decisions and the role that alcohol and drugs play in this process. We analyze 56 in-depth qualitative descriptions of\\u000a recent sexual episodes among 28 women living in shelters in Los Angeles, California, USA. The sample (age 18–63) was 46% African\\u000a American,

Gery W. Ryan; Stefanie A. Stern; Lara Hilton; Joan S. Tucker; David P. Kennedy; Daniela Golinelli; Suzanne L. Wenzel

2009-01-01

134

Life experiences and expectations of young women in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to explore the life experiences and expectations of young women of Busoga in Eastern Uganda. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using qualitative methods, a small group of young women drew, wrote stories and made videos together. The data which emerged from this exercise were analysed alongside the researcher's own observations. Findings – Basoga society's main expectation of young

Natasha Lovell

2010-01-01

135

Healthy Weight in Young Perinatal Women: Exploring Beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this brief is to explore beliefs about health and body weight in young perinatal women. Thirty-two women were\\u000a interviewed. Findings point to the importance of young women receiving education related to physical activity, nutrition,\\u000a and the link between these components and a healthy weight during reproductive years.

Jennifer Huberty; Jessica Meendering; Mary Balluff; Sarah Schram; Sara Roberts; Michelle Mason

2010-01-01

136

Breast Cancer in Young Women: Poor Survival Despite Intensive Treatment  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundBreast cancer is uncommon in young women and correlates with a less favourable prognosis; still it is the most frequent cancer in women under 40, accounting for 30–40% of all incident female cancer. The aim of this study was to study prognosis in young women, quantifying how much stage at diagnosis and management on the one hand, and tumour biology

Hanna Fredholm; Sonja Eaker; Jan Frisell; Lars Holmberg; Irma Fredriksson; Henrik Lindman; Syed A. Aziz

2009-01-01

137

ORIGINAL PAPER Predictors of Genital Pain in Young Women  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL PAPER Predictors of Genital Pain in Young Women Melissa A. Farmer Ã? Cindy M. Meston pain in healthy young adult women, limited research has addressed genital pain during intercourse using) to identify differences in sexual functioning in women who experience genital pain com- pared to pain free

Meston, Cindy

138

Work with Girls and Young Women at Risk.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of outdoor education activities with adolescent at-risk girls. Many young women in this age group unconsciously adopt stereotypical female roles and perceive their identities in terms of their relationships to males. A women-only group provides space in which girls and young women can search for their identities,…

Baker-Graham, Abigail

139

A TYPOLOGY OF DRUG-RELATED OFFENDING AMONG YOUNG HOMELESS INJECTION DRUG USERS  

PubMed Central

Research indicates a link between drug use and offending, particularly amongst high-risk individuals, such as homeless youth. The extent to which such youth interpret their offending as being related to their drug use, though, is understudied. This manuscript investigates the interpretations of drug-related offenses offered by 151 primarily white, male, homeless IDUs aged 16–29 years. Youth were asked specific questions about their drug-related offenses during in-depth interviews as part of a larger study investigating health risks surrounding drug injection between 2004 and 2006. The first section of the manuscript outlines offenses youth revealed committing either in pursuit of or after using a variety of substances. The second part of the manuscript examines the overall context (motivation, environment), and provides a seven-tiered typology of drug-related offending based on youth's interpretations, linking certain drugs to specific offenses within particular contexts. From here, some theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:21423855

Sanders, Bill; Lankenau, Stephen E.; Jackson Bloom, Jennifer; Hathaz, Dodi S.

2011-01-01

140

Shifting Motivations: Young Women’s Reflections on Physical Activity Over Time and Across Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research analyzes motivations expressed by young, healthy, sedentary women before and after an exercise intervention. Young women (aged 18-30, n = 39) participated in focus groups or interviews during a 4-month exercise intervention. Afterward, 22 of these women and 20 controls completed physical activity diaries for 6 months and were interviewed. For the majority of women (n = 24),

Maureen ODougherty; Mindy S. Kurzer; Kathryn H. Schmitz

2010-01-01

141

Youth Homelessness and Individualised Subjectivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to contribute to understandings of youth homelessness and subjectivity by analysing identity construction in terms of young people's negotiation of the structural and institutional environment of youth homelessness. I suggest that while existing literature on this topic concentrates mainly on micro-social encounters, the…

Farrugia, David

2011-01-01

142

Homeless Youths and Young Adults in Los Angeles: Prevalence of Mental Health Problems and the Relationship Between Mental Health and Substance Abuse Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although understanding of the subsistence patterns, service utilization, and HIV-risk behaviors of homeless youths and young adults is increasing, relatively little is known about the epidemiology of mental health problems in this group or the relationships between mental health problems and substance use. This study measured symptoms of depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, suicidality, self-injurious behavior (SIB), and drug and alcohol

Jennifer B. Unger; Michele D. Kipke; Thomas R. Simon; Susanne B. Montgomery; Christine J. Johnson

1997-01-01

143

Wildfires: Information for Pregnant Women and Parents of Young Infants  

MedlinePLUS

... Healthy Pregnancy Healthy Baby Wildfires: Information for Pregnant Women and Parents of Young Infants If you’re ... Florida Department of Health) Preparedness Information for Pregnant Women Pregnancy and Disaster Information from the March of ...

144

Homelessness and Its Effects on Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Homelessness influences every facet of children's lives, inhibiting their physical, emotional, cognitive, social, and behavioral development. Homeless women face such obstacles to healthy pregnancies as chemical abuse, chronic health problems, and lack of prenatal care. Homeless infants are more likely to have low birth weights and are at greater…

Hart-Shegos, Ellen

145

Cardiac condition in young chagasic women  

PubMed Central

Rationale: Chagas disease is a complex disorder caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. Most patients remain asymptomatic for several years and 30% of them progress quietly to developing cardiomyopathy. The factors that lead to chronic myocardial lesions are not fully understood. Objective: To investigate the association between clinical symptoms and single nucleotide polymorphisms in chagasic and non-chagasic women younger and older than 55 years of age. Methods and Results: we analyzed Ala-9Val and Ile58Thr polymorphisms of the SOD-Mn gene, 138ex1ins/del A of the endothelin-1 gene (ET-1) and H323H (T/C) of the endothelin receptor A gene (ETA), by PCR-RFLP using genomic DNA from leukocyte of 85 women. We also evaluated serum lipid profile, renal and liver function, chest X-rays, electrocardiograms (ECGs) and echocardiography (EchoCG). Biochemical profiling did not show differences between chagasic and non-chagasic patients. The polymorphisms analyses showed a significant association in the distribution of frequencies of the Mn-SOD Ile58Thr gene between both groups. Young chagasic patients had a significantly higher prevalence of abnormalities in X-rays, in ECGs and they showed grade II and III of NYHA functional classes. The chance of having an abnormal EchoCG was 5.87 higher in young chagasic patients (OR=5.87, 95% CI 1.47-23.4). Discussion: We concluded that the parasite affects young females by accelerating the deterioration of cardiac function, independent of other cardiovascular risk factors and the cardioprotective action of estrogens present in the premenopausal stage. PMID:23904881

Lassen, O; Dotto, G; Ojeda, S; Garutti, A; Bertolotto, P; Tabares, S; Gallerano, R; Sembaj, A

2013-01-01

146

School Exclusion and Educational Inclusion of Pregnant Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the school exclusion and subsequent educational inclusion of pregnant young women participating in a course of antenatal and key skills education at an alternative educational setting. It examines the young women's transitions from "failure" in school to "success" in motherhood and re-engagement with…

Rudoe, Naomi

2014-01-01

147

Religious and ethnic identity among young Muslim women in Bradford  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between aspects of religious and ethnic identity for a group of young Muslim women from a school in Bradford. Previous work has tended to give a thematic account of such young women's attitudes to home, education, work, religion, marriage and relationships, and has often concluded that they are either ‘betwixt and between’ or the synthesisers

Kim Knott; Sajda Khokher

1993-01-01

148

Poverty and young women's employment: Linkages in Kerala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores one of the key issues in current research on gender and development: the links between poverty and young women's employment. Specifically, the following questions were addressed, in the context of Kerala: Which young women work for pay and why? To what extent is a woman's household economic status -- especially poverty status -- an important determinant of

Pradeep Kumar Panda

1999-01-01

149

Synthetic sling for genital prolapse in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim is to repair uterine prolapse in young women, utilizing synthetic tape (Merselene). It is a prospective study demonstrating an operative procedure for correction of uterine prolapse in young women. This procedure was performed in three post-graduate teaching hospitals: Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Gandhi Hospital and Niloufer Hospital, Hyderabad, India. Method: Through an abdominal approach, the Merselene

L. F. Banu

1997-01-01

150

Young Women's Responses to Smoking and Breast Cancer Risk Information  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current evidence confirms that young women who smoke or who have regular long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) have an increased risk of developing premenopausal breast cancer. The aim of this research was to examine the responses of young women to health information about the links between active smoking and SHS exposure and breast cancer…

Bottorff, Joan L.; McKeown, Stephanie Barclay; Carey, Joanne; Haines, Rebecca; Okoli, Chizimuzo; Johnson, Kenneth C.; Easley, Julie; Ferrence, Roberta; Baillie, Lynne; Ptolemy, Erin

2010-01-01

151

Exercise and bone mass in young and premenopausal women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The studies that investigate exercise effects on bone mass in young and premenopausal women are sparse. This population of women represents three distinct subgroups: the young woman just at the end of longitudinal growth, the adult woman who is beginning to lose bone, and the competitive female athlete. The mojority of research has focused on the female athlete and most

C. M. Snow

1996-01-01

152

76 FR 9577 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women: Notice of Charter Amendment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women: Notice of Charter...that the Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, National Center...Officer, Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, National...

2011-02-18

153

Between Poverty and a Lifestyle: The Leisure Activities of Homeless People in Las Vegas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Housed people judge homeless people, and in particular their leisure activities, as indicators of whether that person has chosen a “homeless lifestyle” and therefore deserves homelessness. To achieve a more complex understanding of contemporary homelessness, the author conducted ethnographic fieldwork over ten months in Las Vegas, Nevada, interviewing and participant observing dozens of homeless men and women, including observations of

Kurt Borchard

2010-01-01

154

Brief Report: Young Adult Women Resolving Interpersonal Conflicts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the social cognitive development of young adults. Furthermore, existing studies of young adults tend to rely on college-age participants. A study of social cognition during interpersonal conflict was conducted with 100 young adult women (mean age = 25 years). The relationship of contextual variables to conflict-resolution strategy was examined. Strategy coding was done according to Selman's

Patricia Flynn Weitzman

2001-01-01

155

Romantic Relationships and Body Satisfaction Among Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study we examined associations between young women's romantic relationships and their body image. Ninety-five heterosexual couples (women's mean age=22.46 and men's mean age=24.38) participated in this study. We examined young women's satisfaction with their own bodies, their perceptions of their significant others’ satisfaction with their bodies, and their significant others’ actual satisfaction with their bodies using the

Charlotte N. Markey; Patrick M. Markey

2006-01-01

156

Basic Subsistence Needs and Overall Health Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected Homeless and Unstably Housed Women  

PubMed Central

Some gender differences in the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have been attributed to delayed treatment among women and the social context of poverty. Recent economic difficulties have led to multiple service cuts, highlighting the need to identify factors with the most influence on health in order to prioritize scarce resources. The aim of this study was to empirically rank factors that longitudinally impact the health status of HIV-infected homeless and unstably housed women. Study participants were recruited between 2002 and 2008 from community-based venues in San Francisco, California, and followed over time; marginal structural models and targeted variable importance were used to rank factors by their influence. In adjusted analysis, the factor with the strongest effect on overall mental health was unmet subsistence needs (i.e., food, hygiene, and shelter needs), followed by poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy, not having a close friend, and the use of crack cocaine. Factors with the strongest effects on physical health and gynecologic symptoms followed similar patterns. Within this population, an inability to meet basic subsistence needs has at least as much of an effect on overall health as adherence to antiretroviral therapy, suggesting that advances in HIV medicine will not fully benefit indigent women until their subsistence needs are met. PMID:21749972

Riley, Elise D.; Moore, Kelly; Sorensen, James L.; Tulsky, Jacqueline P.; Bangsberg, David R.; Neilands, Torsten B.

2011-01-01

157

Young Muslim Women and Sport: the Impact of Identity Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on the relationship between young Muslim women’s identity work and their involvement in sport and physical activities. The concept of ‘identity work’ is used to underline the dynamic aspect of identity construction. The study is based on life?history interviews with 21 Muslim women with immigrant backgrounds living in Norway, aged between 16 and 25 years. The study

Kristin Walseth

2006-01-01

158

Femininity and sexual agency among young unmarried women in Hanoi  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contemporary Vietnam, young, unmarried, educated women are struggling to negotiate the contradictory expectations of femininity. Qualitative research conducted in Hanoi with 13 unmarried, educated women, aged from 25 to 34 years, explored women's sexual agency in a context of changing discourses on sexuality and gender roles. Interviews were conducted several times with each woman to enable in?depth understanding of

Trang Quach

2008-01-01

159

Social capital in the experience of homeless mothers  

E-print Network

Fall 2012 – Spring 2013 | 1 Social capital in the experience of homeless mothers D. Adam Nicholson Homelessness in the United States affects many different people. In 2012, of the estimated 633,782 people experiencing homelessness... in the United States (National Alliance to End Homelessness), an estimated 37.8% were homeless families. Of this group, an increasing number are women and children. These numbers may underestimate reality, as at any given moment it is nearly impossible...

Nicholson, Adam

2013-04-01

160

Impact of Poverty, Homelessness, and Drugs on Hispanic Women at Risk for HIV Infection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence of AIDS among Hispanic women has been increasing more rapidly than among non-Hispanic women. Yet little is known about the crisesHispanic women at risk may experience and the ways they deal with their most immediate concerns. The purpose of this study was to assess the concerns and stresses experienced by Hispanic women, the coping responses commonly used, perceivedfeelings

Adeline Nyamathi; Rose Vasquez

1989-01-01

161

Increasing Access to Higher Education for Unaccompanied Youth: Information for Colleges and Universities. Best Practices in Homeless Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, more than a million young people in the United States experience homelessness; some of these young people, known as unaccompanied homeless youth, will face the challenges of homelessness while living on their own without the support of a caring adult. Unaccompanied homeless youth face the same struggles as other young people: trying to…

National Center for Homeless Education at SERVE, 2010

2010-01-01

162

Landscapes on the Margins: Gender and homelessness in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This introductory article examines the issue of gendered homelessness and asks why so little academic feminist writing addresses this theme. The article begins with reference to a feminist novel—The Longings of Women by Marge Piercy—that does tackle this matter. The invisibility of the novel's homeless character is used as a way of introducing some distinctions between women's and men's homelessness.

FRAN KLODAWSKY

2006-01-01

163

Technology Camp for 6-8th Grade Young Women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the need for technical talent grows, the number of young women pursuing technical degrees in the US is declining in spite of the fact that the number of young women earning degrees is at a record high. The attitudes of young people towards math and science are formed very early, and are strongly influenced by their personal experiences. The recommended science and math curricula for elementary education strongly encourage the use of hands-on experiences, coupled with linking the concepts being studied to real world situations, in an effort to overcome the perception that science is for the "brainy". Data indicates that this alone is insufficient for young women to overcome the widely held stereotypical view that science and technology are strictly white male domains. IBM created an initiative to reach out to middle school young women who have the potential to become scientists and engineers. The Technology Camp for Young Women was designed to provide a challenging, hands-on exposure to science, engineering and applied mathematics in a supportive environment. IBM scientists and engineers led the sessions and also serve as mentors during the school year. The program significantly improved the perceptions of the young women toward technical fields of study.

Chess, Catherine

2001-04-01

164

Generalized anxiety disorder and clinical worry episodes in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. This article presents epidemiological data on the prevalence of DSM-IV generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and sub-threshold GAD (fulfilling three out of four GAD criteria) in young women together with data on co-morbidity and psychosocial functioning. The prevalence of clinically relevant worry and its predictive validity for the diagnosis of GAD were also examined. Method. Young women (N fl 2064),

J. Hoyer; J. Margraf

2002-01-01

165

Salience of physical appearance characteristics among young women in Thailand.  

PubMed

Our aim in the present study was to identify key components of physical appearance among young Thai women. Free listings, focus groups and pile sorting were used. One-hundred twenty young women generated 78 unique physical appearance characteristics. Ninety-four nursing students validated these characteristics in focus groups and then sorted them into piles that reflected separate domains of physical appearance and labeled them. Salience analysis revealed that facial appearance (e.g., bright facial skin, high nose bridge, big eyes) was the most important domain, followed by body weight and shape, skin color and texture, hair (color, texture, length), and 'other' physical appearance (e.g., slender neck, slim fingers). This is the first study to identify aspects of physical appearance that are most salient to young Thai women and that may differ from women in other cultural contexts. These findings could be used to develop culturally grounded measures of physical appearance in Thai women. PMID:21768001

Rongmuang, Daravan; Corte, Colleen; McCreary, Linda L; Park, Chang G; Miller, Arlene; Gallo, Agatha

2011-09-01

166

Crossing the Great Divide: Predicting Productive Engagement for Young Women with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research suggests that young women with disabilities are less likely then young men to be engaged productively in postschool employment and education activities. This study explored factors associated with better employment and education outcomes for both young women and young men with disabilities, and factors associated uniquely with better outcomes for young women. Findings indicated that three factors predicted

Michael R. Benz; Bonnie Doren; Paul Yovanoff

1998-01-01

167

Marriage and Suicide among Chinese Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suicides by young females in rural China contribute substantially to the high rate of suicide and the total number of suicides in China. Given the traditional familial structure that remains largely intact in rural China, this research focuses on whether being married is a risk or protective factor for suicide by young women. I examined 168 rural…

Zhang, Jie

2010-01-01

168

Being, Becoming and Belonging: Young Muslim Women in Contemporary Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is based on a piece of inter-generational research that follows up the young Muslim girls and their families who took part in my PhD research 15 years previously. In this paper I present the ‘everydayness’ of these same young Muslim women, many of whom now work and some have children of their own. The theme threading through the

Kaye Haw

2010-01-01

169

Promoting the Educational Achievement of Mexican American Young Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces a framework for high school retention efforts based on the findings from a study of 84 young Mexican American women who were first in their families to attend college. The framework provides the means for bridging educational gaps by supporting the strengths of these young people and by reducing barriers to educational achievement.…

Aguilar, Marian A.

1996-01-01

170

Women's Status and Violence against Young Married Women in Rural Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Studies conducted around the world consistently show the existence of violence against women. Despite the increasing number\\u000a of studies being conducted on violence against young married women elsewhere, this subject has received little attention from\\u000a researchers and policy makers in Nepal. This paper assesses the prevalence of violence among young married women in rural\\u000a Nepal. Specifically, it examines [factors related

Prabhat Lamichhane; Mahesh Puri; Jyotsna Tamang; Bishnu Dulal

2011-01-01

171

Young Asian Women Experiences of the Summer Activities Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews and observations focused on experiences of 15 young Asian women at a 5-day summer adventure program in southern England. Participants seemed bored with presentations about future career options, activities lost their challenge through repetition, and debriefing was weak. However, the women connected with the transferable skills of trust…

Kirby, Laura

2002-01-01

172

Psychopathology and personality of young women who experience food cravings  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to investigate the psychopathology and personality characteristics of women who experience food cravings. A total of 101 young women selected at random from the community completed the Diagnostic Interview for Genetic Studies with a trained interviewer. The interview included a section about food-craving experiences and associated factors. Subjects also completed a self-report questionnaire

Cynthia M. Bulik

1997-01-01

173

Scaffolding young Australian women's journey to motherhood: a narrative understanding.  

PubMed

Pregnant and young mothers' stories often go untold within community social and health service policy, planning and practice. Consequently, there is a significant gap between young women's experiences of motherhood and current service provision. This study was undertaken in response to a paucity of observational and contextually rich research that explores young women's experiences of pregnancy and motherhood, including the role a community service played in scaffolding their motherhood journeys. Fundamental to this study's purpose was the premise that to improve planning and delivery of more appropriate services for this group, we need to listen, consult and consider what life is like for young mothers. The purpose of this paper is to describe the role a community service played in scaffolding young women's experiences as they transitioned to motherhood. Using a narrative approach, this study draws on data collected from contextual observations of 31 informants and 11 in-depth interviews over 7 months of fieldwork in 2010 at a community service in the Peel region of Western Australia. The integral role a community service played in the young women's transition to motherhood was analysed thematically and captured in three metaphorical themes, finding a circle of friends, weaving a tapestry and turning the page. The young women's storied experiences of motherhood present a strong argument for radical re-visioning of community and social health policy, practice and service delivery for young mothers. The findings revealed that judgement-free services that foster social and supportive relationships were integral in developing positive motherhood identities. The power of narrative and social learning when working with young mothers suggests that social models of health that foster a relational, narrative approach to practice are fundamental to young mothers finding their own voices and solutions and becoming active agents in re-authoring future narratives of hope, autonomy and agency. PMID:24703272

Brand, Gabrielle; Morrison, Paul; Down, Barry; WestBrook, Be

2014-09-01

174

Leaving violent relationships and avoiding homelessness - providing a choice for women and their children.  

PubMed

The report Staying Home/Leaving Violence describes a research study that explores how women, leaving a relationship where they experience domestic violence, can remain safely in their own homes with their children, with the violent offender being removed. In this qualitative study, 29 women were interviewed about their experiences of leaving a violent relationship. Of these 29 women, nine remained in their own home. This article describes the factors that enabled these nine women to remain in their homes and comments on the policy and practice implications for health workers. PMID:17651663

Breckenridge, Jan; Mulroney, Jane

2007-01-01

175

Work with Girls and Young Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex adventure education programs for adolescent women give them space to challenge traditional feminine roles, relate to other women without the pressures of mixed-sex groups, and examine issues such as personal relationships and health within a safe environment. If there are insufficient women facilitators, male staff should have awareness…

Baker-Graham, Abi

176

Caffeine Use and Young Adult Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed college women and men and found that caffeine was consumed by a large proportion of the respondents. Women consumed a larger amount of caffeine and used more substances containing this drug. An increase in caffeine usage with increased psychic stress was observed for women only. (Author)

Vener, Arthur M.; Krupka, Lawrence R.

1982-01-01

177

Food insecurity and increased BMI in young adult women  

PubMed Central

Food insecurity has been associated with weight status in children and adults although results have been mixed. We aimed to identify whether food insecurity was associated with BMI in young adults and whether this association differed by gender and was modified by food stamp use and the presence of children in the home. Cross-sectional data from Wave 4 (2007–2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was used to investigate the association between food insecurity and BMI in gender stratified models of young adult women (n=7116) and men (n=6604) controlling for age, race/ethnicity, income, education, physical activity, smoking, alcohol use, the presence of children in the home, and food stamp use in young adulthood and/or adolescence. Food insecurity was more common in young adult women (14%) than young adult men (9%). After controlling for a variety of individual variables, food insecure women had a BMI that was on average 0.9kg/m2 units higher than women who were food secure. This difference in BMI persisted after controlling for recent or past food stamp use and was not different among women with or without children in the household. No relationship was found between food insecurity and BMI in young adult men. Providers should inquire about food insecurity, especially when treating obesity, and policy initiatives should address the role of access to healthy food in those facing food insecurity. PMID:21779092

Gooding, Holly C; Walls, Courtney E; Richmond, Tracy K

2014-01-01

178

Young women's responses to smoking and breast cancer risk information.  

PubMed

Current evidence confirms that young women who smoke or who have regular long-term exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) have an increased risk of developing premenopausal breast cancer. The aim of this research was to examine the responses of young women to health information about the links between active smoking and SHS exposure and breast cancer and obtain their advice about messaging approaches. Data were collected in focus groups with 46 women, divided in three age cohorts: 15-17, 18-19 and 20-24 and organized according to smoking status (smoking, non-smoking and mixed smoking status groups). The discussion questions were preceded by information about passive and active smoking and its associated breast cancer risk. The study findings show young women's interest in this risk factor for breast cancer. Three themes were drawn from the analysis: making sense of the information on smoking and breast cancer, personal susceptibility and tobacco exposure and suggestions for increasing awareness about tobacco exposure and breast cancer. There was general consensus on framing public awareness messages about this risk factor on 'protecting others' from breast cancer to catch smokers' attention, providing young women with the facts and personal stories of breast cancer to help establish a personal connection with this information and overcome desensitization related to tobacco messages, and targeting all smokers who may place young women at risk. Cautions were also raised about the potential for stigmatization. Implications for raising awareness about this modifiable risk factor for breast cancer are discussed. PMID:20080807

Bottorff, Joan L; McKeown, Stephanie Barclay; Carey, Joanne; Haines, Rebecca; Okoli, Chizimuzo; Johnson, Kenneth C; Easley, Julie; Ferrence, Roberta; Baillie, Lynne; Ptolemy, Erin

2010-08-01

179

The Challenge of Pregnancy among Homeless Youth: Reclaiming a Lost Opportunity  

PubMed Central

Young, homeless women often become pregnant, but little is known about how street youth experience their pregnancies. We documented 26 pregnancy outcomes among 13 homeless women (ages 18–26) and eight homeless men through interviews and participant-observation. Eight pregnancies were voluntarily terminated, three were miscarried, and fifteen were carried to term. Regardless of pregnancy outcome, street youths’ narratives focused on ambivalence about parenting, traumatic childhood experiences, and current challenges. Despite significant obstacles, almost all were convinced of their personal capacity to change their lives. While most wanted to be parents, the majority lost custody of their newborns and consequently associated contact with medical and social services with punitive outcomes. Most of the youth who chose to terminate successfully sought safe medical care. We offer recommendations for changing the approach of services to take full advantage of pregnancy as a potential catalyst event for change in this highly vulnerable and underserved population. PMID:20453382

Smid, Marcela; Bourgois, Philippe; Auerswald, Colette L.

2011-01-01

180

Young women’s experiences with complementary therapies during cancer described through illness blogs  

PubMed Central

Many young women with cancer have a high symptom burden and negative psychosocial consequences as a result of their disease. To offset some of these experiences, a growing number of young women with cancer are writing about their experience with complementary therapies through online illness blogs. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine descriptions of complementary therapy use among young women (diagnosed between 20–39 years) who maintained an online cancer blog. Women’s narratives describe several themes of the experience of using complementary therapies including: awakening, new identities (that incorporate loss), the good stuff, and release. Online illness blogs allow researchers to understand the complete experience of the patient through personal accounts and substantially contributes to the body of knowledge surrounding cancer in young adulthood and complementary therapy use. PMID:23820874

Keim-Malpass, Jessica; Albrecht, Tara A.; Steeves, Richard H.; Danhauer, Suzanne C.

2013-01-01

181

Correlates of homeless episodes among indigenous people.  

PubMed

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview and differentiate correlates of "near homelessness" (i.e., doubling up) and "homeless episodes" (periods of actual homelessness). Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one-fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study. PMID:21656303

Whitbeck, Les B; Crawford, Devan M; Sittner Hartshorn, Kelley J

2012-03-01

182

Psychosocial issues confronting young women with breast cancer.  

PubMed

The current paper reviews the literature regarding psychosocial issues confronting young women with breast cancer. The findings indicate that younger women with breast cancer experience a lower quality of life after cancer compared to older women. In part, this lower quality of life results from the effects of medical treatment. The effects of surgery and removal of the breast result in more negative feelings regarding body image, particularly for young women. With systemic treatment, many younger women experience the sudden onset of menopause, with the attendant symptoms of hot flashes, decreased sexual desire, and vaginal dryness. These physical effects along with a variety of relationship issues contribute to a high level of sexual concerns for young women. From a psychosocial perspective, breast cancer affects both females and their male partners. Both partners experience psychological distress including depression and anxiety. Within the relationship, emotional support from the partner is important in women's adjustment. In terms of psychosocial interventions for breast cancer, findings suggest that the most frequently employed interventions, which treat the woman without her partner, are not optimal. Initial findings provide encouraging evidence that couple-based psychosocial interventions for women and their partners might be of particular assistance to both partners. PMID:16823173

Baucom, Donald H; Porter, Laura S; Kirby, Jennifer S; Gremore, Tina M; Keefe, Francis J

183

Pathways to youth homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research documents high levels of psychopathology among homeless youth. Most research, however, has not distinguished between disorders that are present prior to homelessness and those that develop following homelessness. Hence whether psychological disorders are the cause or consequence of homelessness has not been established. The aim of this study is to investigate causal pathways to homelessness amongst currently homeless youth

Claudine Martijn; Louise Sharpe

2006-01-01

184

The Markers and Meanings of Growing UpContemporary Young Women's Transition From Adolescence to Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

Growing up in the shadow of the women's movement dramatically influences how young women think about their life course transitions. Although prior research has examined the objective markers of adulthood, we know little about how young women themselves perceive these markers. This article examines the subjective meanings of the transition to adulthood among 42 young women who were part of

Pamela Aronson

2008-01-01

185

Predictors of Consistent Condom Use Among Young African American Women  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of selected factors to the consistent use of condoms among high-risk young African American women. A clinic-based, prospective, study of 242 young, African-American women (ages 15–21) was conducted. In multivariate analysis, consistent condom use was predicted by having greater perceptions of condom negotiation self-efficacy, lower fear of negotiating condom use, and having communicated with sex partners (during the recall period) about condom use. Relational variables were predictive of consistent condom use among young African American women. STD/HIV preventive interventions should target these factors, perhaps in dyad-level interventions. PMID:21796442

DiClemente, Ralph J.; Salazar, Laura F.; Wingood, Gina M.; McDermott-Sales, Jessica; Young, April M.; Rose, Eve

2012-01-01

186

Impact of Poverty, Homelessness, and Drugs on Hispanic Women at Risk for HIV Infection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overwhelming focus of the lives of 43 poor, at-risk Hispanic women was coping with threats to their role as providers for their children. Threats included poverty, potential loss of health, drug addiction, lack of social support, low self-esteem, helplessness, and loss of control. Contains 27 references. (SV)

Nyamathi, Adeline; Vasquez, Rose

1989-01-01

187

Psychological pathways from childhood sexual and physical abuse to HIV/sexually transmitted infection outcomes among homeless women: the role of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder symptoms.  

PubMed

This study examines the psychological factors linking childhood abuse and HIV/sexually transmitted infection outcomes among 190 single homeless women in New York City. Participants were assessed for mental health symptoms, sexually transmitted infections, and exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse. Findings indicate that the relationship between childhood abuse and HIV/sexually transmitted infection diagnoses during adulthood is mediated by a combination of posttraumatic stress disorder and borderline personality disorder symptoms. Screening single homeless women who report childhood abuse histories for symptoms of both disorders may aid in the identification of individuals particularly vulnerable for HIV infection. Implications for clinical interventions are discussed. PMID:23180873

Houston, Eric; Sandfort, Theo G M; Watson, Kalycia T; Caton, Carol L M

2013-10-01

188

Mycoplasma genitalium among Young, Urban Pregnant Women  

PubMed Central

Objective. As the consequences of Mycoplasma genitalium in pregnant women are unknown, we examined the relationship between prenatal M. genitalium infection and SAB. Methods. The presence of M. genitalium was determined by PCR in urine from 82 women who subsequently experienced a SAB and 134 women who maintained their pregnancies past 22 weeks gestation. The relationships between M. genitalium and subsequent SAB, demographic, current pregnancy, and reproductive health history characteristics were evaluated. Results. Compared to women without M. genitalium, women with M. genitalium were more likely to report nulliparity (41.7% versus 17.4%, P = .04), history of pelvic inflammatory disease (27.3% versus 8.8%, P = .08), prior C. trachomatis infection (63.6% versus 36.9%, P = .11,) and problems getting pregnant (18.2% versus 4.4%, P = .10). M. genitalium was not associated with SAB (AOR 0.9, 95% CI 0.2–3.8). Conclusions. Pregnant women who test positive for M. genitalium do not have an increased risk of SAB but report a history of reproductive morbidities. PMID:20379360

Short, Vanessa L.; Jensen, J?rgen S.; Nelson, Deborah B.; Murray, Pamela J.; Ness, Roberta B.; Haggerty, Catherine L.

2010-01-01

189

Psychosocial Correlates of Sunburn among Young Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Skin cancer is an increasingly common disease, particularly among young adult women. Sunburn early in life is a risk factor for skin cancer. Few studies have reported on psychosocial correlates of sunburn. The current study consisted of an online survey of undergraduate women from a university in the northeastern part of the USA. A logistic regression demonstrated that young women who reported a history of four or more sunburns were significantly more likely to report fair skin, higher perceived susceptibility to skin cancer, greater perceived benefits of tanning (e.g., appearance enhancement), lower perceived control over skin protection, and more frequent sunscreen use. Sunbathing was not associated with a greater number of sunburns. These results suggest that young women who sunburn more often possess other skin cancer risk factors, are aware of their susceptibility to skin cancer, and try to use sunscreen, but feel limited control over their skin protection behavior and are not less likely to sunbathe than others. Therefore, interventions are needed to assist high risk young women in asserting more control over their sun protection behavior and perhaps improve the effectiveness of the sunscreen or other skin protection methods they do employ. PMID:22829801

Heckman, Carolyn J.; Darlow, Susan; Cohen-Filipic, Jessye; Kloss, Jacqueline D.; Munshi, Teja; Perlis, Clifford S.

2012-01-01

190

Prevalence and Risk Factors for LSD Use among Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Study Objective: To report the lifetime prevalence of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and to identify unique correlates of using this substance in the last year among a large multiethnic sample of sexually active adolescent and young adult women aged 14 to 26 yrs.Design, Setting, Participants: A cross-sectional survey, administered at university-based ambulatory reproductive health clinics, was completed by 904 women

Vaughn I Rickert; Lorena M Siqueira; Travis Dale; Constance M Wiemann

2003-01-01

191

Antiabortion positions and young women's life plans in contemporary Ireland.  

PubMed

At a critical time when Ireland's abortion ban faces legal challenges and the number of women obtaining abortions abroad each year continues to climb, some antiabortion advocates have turned their attention toward the social factors that influence women's abortion decision-making. Through an analysis of articles carried in the Irish mainstream and Catholic presses, this article examines how antiabortion advocates since the late 1990s have promoted an "antiabortion, pro-motherhood" message in response to trends that they identify as indicating that Irish reproduction has "gone awry". Antiabortion activists have focused in particular on the life plans of young, middle-class, career-oriented women, many of whom have benefited from increased employment opportunities within Ireland. These women are more likely than young women in past generations to postpone childbearing or opt for abortion in the face of an unwanted pregnancy, and thus, symbolize for antiabortion advocates the devaluation of a "traditional" Irish culture centered on the privileging of motherhood and married family life. This article examines antiabortion ideologies deployed around motherhood, work, and childcare, and argues that antiabortion advocates' "pro-motherhood" campaign fails to adequately respond to the changing realities of young, middle-class Irish women's life opportunities and expectations. PMID:12650733

Oaks, Laury

2003-05-01

192

Young women's attitudes towards agriculture and women's new roles in the greek countryside: A first approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years the employment situation in urban areas has deteriorated, particularly for women, while in countryside new kinds of work are being promoted in the framework of endogenous development. The purpose of the present article in the light of these conditions is to examine the attitude of young women to employment in farming and the prospect of living in

Isabella Gidarakou

1999-01-01

193

Civic Engagement among Young Men and Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political scientists and sociologists have long established significant differences in civic engagement between women and men. Utilizing data from the 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey, and several other sources, new information is provided on the civic engagement of youth, confidence in government, and following public affairs…

Marcelo, Karlo Barrios; Lopez, Mark Hugo; Kirby, Emily Hoban

2007-01-01

194

Precursors of Young Women's Family Formation Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used latent class analysis to create family formation pathways for women between the ages of 18 and 23. Input variables included cohabitation, marriage, parenthood, full-time employment, and attending school. Data (n = 2,290) came from Waves I and III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). The analysis revealed…

Amato, Paul R.; Landale, Nancy S.; Havasevich-Brooks, Tara C.; Booth, Alan; Eggebeen, David J.; Schoen, Robert; McHale, Susan M.

2008-01-01

195

77 FR 41188 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, Centers for Disease...that the Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, Centers for Disease...Officer, Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women, HHS, CDC,...

2012-07-12

196

Challenges and dilemmas in counselling young women on pregnancy options  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about counselling young women up to 21 years of age who have an unintended pregnancy and need to decide whether to continue the pregnancy, have an abortion or give the baby up for adoption. What is important for a counsellor is to be able to respond appropriately to the issues they raise and support them to make

Emmy Surman

2001-01-01

197

Mild Cutaneous Manifestation in Two Young Women with Extraordinary Hyperandrogenemia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hyperandrogenism with hyperandrogenemia should be considered in those with severe acne of sudden onset or conspicuous male-pattern baldness with hairline recession, although the majority of female patients with acne or androgenetic alopecia possess no endocrine disorder. Herein we describe on the contrary 2 young women with primary amenorrhea displaying prominent hyperandrogenemia but subtle cutaneous manifestation. The first one presenting vertical

WenChieh Chen; Guan-Yu Chen; Shaw-Jenq Tsai; Pei-Wen Wang; Hamm-Ming Sheu; Yen-Sheng Shen; Fen-Fen Chen

2005-01-01

198

"Singing into Language": Sudanese Australian Young Women Create Public Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the ethnocinematic research project "Cross-Marked: Sudanese Australian Young Women Talk Education", and its relationship to the evolving notion of public pedagogies. The project explores the potential of alternative pedagogies, which include popular culture, especially audiovisual forms, to engage teachers and learners with…

Harris, Anne

2011-01-01

199

Becoming Accomplished: Concerted Cultivation among Privately Educated Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper takes as its starting point the concept of concerted cultivation as coined by Annette Lareau. It examines whether a focus on concerted cultivation adequately captures the various practices observed in young women's experiences of being privately educated in four schools in one area of England. We suggest that a variety of practices of…

Maxwell, Claire; Aggleton, Peter

2013-01-01

200

Dieting Behaviors of Young Women Post-College Graduation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Obesity is a major public health epidemic in the United States. During the past decade, obesity has increased across all education levels, including college graduates. The purpose of this research was to study the health decisions that young women, post-college graduation make regarding their food intake. The subjects in this study completed a…

Soliah, LuAnn; Walter, Janelle; Antosh, Deeanna

2007-01-01

201

Adolescent Fertility and the Educational Attainment of Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

then public policies that focus on reduc- ing teenage pregnancy and childbearing may do little to improve the life chances of many disadvantaged young women. Proving, or disproving, the theory that teenage childbearing undermines a wom- an's chances of social and economic suc- cess in adulthood is essential if policies to reduce poverty and welfare dependence are to be grounded

Daniel H. Klepinger; Shelly Lundberg; Robert D. Plotnick

1995-01-01

202

Spirituality and Young Women in Transition: A Preliminary Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study contributes to the growing body of knowledge about spirituality and life transitions. Through qualitative investigation, 9 young women in professional education programs described their definition of spirituality, their spiritual activities, and how they used their spirituality to cope with life transitions as they prepared to enter the…

Livingston, Kimberly A.; Cummings, Anne L.

2009-01-01

203

Hyperandrogenemia, psychological distress, and food cravings in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive disorders and psychological distress are common co-morbidities of obesity in young women. Psychological and reproductive disturbances may also be associated with increased food cravings but the relationships between these factors have not been explored. This study aimed to explore the pattern of food cravings and to determine the relationship between psychological distress, reproductive health and food cravings in overweight

Siew S. Lim; Robert J. Norman; Peter M. Clifton; Manny Noakes

2009-01-01

204

Physical Activity Patterns of Young Women Post-College Graduation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Americans need more physical activity in their daily routines. There are numerous physical as well as psychological benefits that can be credited to regular physical activity. The purpose of this research was to examine the physical activity patterns of young women, post-college graduation. The average woman in this study exercised 22 minutes per…

Soliah, LuAnn; Walter, Janelle; Antosh, Deeanna

2008-01-01

205

General Prospectus of Agricultural Education for Young Men and Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to acquaint young men and women with the agricultural education programs currently available in Ireland's institutions of vocational and higher education, this prospectus describes the educational requirements, facilities, and programs under the auspices of Ireland's Department of Agriculture and Fisheries. Specifically, this document…

Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Dublin (Ireland).

206

76 FR 787 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those at...and the public health aspects of breast cancer in young women including...

2011-01-06

207

76 FR 47590 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those at...tools and resources related to breast cancer in young women including...

2011-08-05

208

78 FR 75923 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those at...and emerging topics related to breast cancer in young women. These may...

2013-12-13

209

78 FR 57391 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those at...and emerging topics related to breast cancer in young women. These may...

2013-09-18

210

77 FR 16232 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those at...diagnosis, and treatment of breast cancer in young women; and...

2012-03-20

211

Orthostatic intolerance: a disorder of young women  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Orthostatic intolerance (OI) is a cause of significant disability in otherwise healthy women seen by gynecologists. Orthostatic tachycardia is often the most obvious hemodynamic abnormality found in OI patients, but symptoms may include dizziness, visual changes, discomfort in the head or neck, poor concentration, fatigue, palpitations, tremulousness, anxiety, and, in some cases, fainting (syncope). It is the most common disorder of blood pressure regulation after essential hypertension, and patients with OI are traditionally women of childbearing age. Estimates suggest that at least 500,000 Americans suffer from some form of OI, and such patients comprise the largest group referred to centers specialized in autonomic disorders. This article reviews recent advances made in the understanding of this condition, potential pathophysiological mechanisms contributing to orthostatic intolerance, and therapeutic alternatives currently available for the management of these patients.

Ali, Y. S.; Daamen, N.; Jacob, G.; Jordan, J.; Shannon, J. R.; Biaggioni, I.; Robertson, D.

2000-01-01

212

High school physical education and physical activity in young women.  

PubMed

This study assessed if high school physical education experiences were related to physical activity behaviors of young women in college. Undergraduate women from three universities (N = 949) were surveyed concerning their experiences in high school physical education and their physical activity in six areas, aquatics, individual activities, physical conditioning, outdoor adventure, rhythmic activities, and team activities. Analysis indicated that women who completed courses with a diverse curriculum containing content from four of the six categories investigated reported significantly more cardiovascular endurance activities and individual/team sports participation than respondents who completed courses with low curriculum diversity. Results indicate that providing diverse curricular experiences for girls in high school physical education is associated with higher physical activity as young adults. PMID:17688140

Mears, Derrick

2007-06-01

213

What Young African American Women Want in a Healthcare Provider  

PubMed Central

The Institute of Medicine’s report on racial and ethnic disparities in health care encourages enhancing patient provider relationships by building trust. We explored factors important to 19–24 year old African American women (N=40) in choosing a health care provider. Eight focus groups were held in seven Ohio counties. Discussion was aided by photographs of client-provider interactions: two African American and two White providers (man or woman in each); in similar settings, attire, and pose; with a young African American woman client. Participants commented on what was happening in the photographs, how the woman felt, and their perceptions of each provider. Fongwa’s Quality of Care model guided analysis. Women providers were favored; race was not of primary concern. Provider proximity, perceived interest, and understandability were persistent preferences. Trust, awareness of body language, interest in client, and clearly conveying information clearly are critical for providers caring for young African American women. PMID:20562249

Dale, Helen E.; Polivka, Barbara J.; Chaudry, Rosemary V.; Simmonds, Gwenneth C.

2013-01-01

214

Young women's preferences for market work: responses to marital events.  

PubMed

A causal model of changes in women's longrun tastes for paid employment was developed. It is based on the premise that women have a certain preference for market versus home work at the beginning of a year and that during the year some women experience a marital event, which may be a 1st marriage, a 1st birth, or the breakup of an existing marriage. This marital event may then cause some of the women experiencing it to revise their relative tastes for employment and work in the home. It is argued that changes in the level of such resources as time and money and changes in feelings of personal fulfillment that occur as a result of marriage, 1st birth, or divorce are responsible for alterations in market work preferences. Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women were used to examine how women's relative preference for market work and home work are affected by the transitions of 1st marriage, marital dissolution, and 1st birth. This survey includes yearly data on over 5000 young women over a recent 5 year period. Personal interviews were conducted with a national probability sample of the noninstitutionalized female population age 14-24 in 1968, with yearly reinterviews through 1973. The impact of a 1st marriage during a year on preference for market work at the end of that year was consistently negative from ages 14 through 23. The likelihood that a young woman prefers market to home work at age 35 decreases from 10-20 percentage points upon 1st marriage. Women who first marry beyond age 24 experience no change in preferences for labor force participation. The positive impact of marital dissolution on a young woman's preference for labor force participation was substantial--between 18 and 29 percentage points--and tended to be higher the later it occurred. The experience of marital dissolution causes women to need to prepare for work. The results suggest that it also increases their desire to work. A 1st birth had no immediate impact but was followed 1-2 years later by striking upward revisions in market work preferences. For women between ages 16-27 who experienced a 1st birth, the probability that they prefer paid employment to home was increased by 10-15 percentage points. This effect was consistently positive and was significant for 6 out of 7 age groups. The occurrence of a 1st birth continued to have an impact on a woman's preference for labor force participation up to about age 25; marriage had no impact beyond age 23. PMID:12265058

Spitze, G D; Waite, L J

1981-01-01

215

Daughters of IslamFamily Influences on Muslim Young Women's Participation in Sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the significance of family influence on young women from minority (Muslim) communities who have participated in a combined sport and education programme designed to encourage access to further and higher education. The study explores how family expectations about the roles of young women affect the participants' responses to the programme. The research examines young women's understanding of

Tess Kay

2006-01-01

216

Physical activity correlates in young women with depressive symptoms: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Young women are at high risk for developing depression and participation in physical activity may prevent or treat the disorder. However, the influences on physical activity behaviors of young women with depression are not well understood. The aim of this study was to gather in-depth information about the correlates of physical activity among young women with and without depressive

Denise Azar; Kylie Ball; Jo Salmon; Verity J Cleland

2010-01-01

217

NON-AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT FOR YOUNG WOMEN IN INDIA STATUS, OPPORTUNITIES AND WAYS FORWARD  

Microsoft Academic Search

The issue of whether young women can undertake non-agricultural activities has been analysed in the paper with the help of data obtained from young women and key stakeholders in Krishna district in Andhra Pradesh through survey, participatory rural appraisal and discussions. Nearly three-fourths of the households, characterized by larger dependency ratio and unemployment, stated that their young women were in

D Rajasekhar

218

Changing Times, Future Bodies? The Significance of Health in Young Women's Imagined Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of authors recognise the increasing expectations placed on young women as the vanguard of economic, social and cultural change. This paper explores how these imaginings have come to bear upon young women's bodies, as part of a special issue on pedagogical responses to the changing position of girls and young women. In examining…

Rich, Emma; Evans, John

2013-01-01

219

Accuracy of combined breast imaging in young women.  

PubMed

This is a study of the accuracy of combined breast imaging (mammography and ultrasound) in young women with breast symptoms. We performed an appraisal of the literature, and improved our study design by avoiding biases identified in published work. Our study presents the sensitivity and specificity of mammography and breast ultrasound, individually and in combination, using different thresholds for categorizing test results, in a population of consecutive women. We show that combining the two imaging tests does improve sensitivity without significantly reducing test specificity. However, the number of additional cancers correctly identified using combined imaging, relative to the number of false positives, is highly dependent on breast cancer prevalence. PMID:14965643

Houssami, N; Irwig, L; Loy, C

2002-02-01

220

The Feminist Identity Development Model: Relevant for Young Women Today?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored whether the Downing and Roush model of feminist identity development is relevant for young women today. Two-hundred\\u000a seventeen older and younger feminists and non-feminists were recruited on a college campus and online in the United States.\\u000a They completed, online, the Feminist Identity Composite and reported whether they would have endorsed items for each stage\\u000a more strongly in the

Mindy J. Erchull; Miriam Liss; Katherine A. Wilson; Lindsey Bateman; Ashleigh Peterson; Clare E. Sanchez

2009-01-01

221

From sexism to sexy: Challenging young adults’ ageism about older women’s sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study that explored young adults’ perceptions of sexual expression among older women in the context\\u000a of confronting ageism and sexism from a feminist perspective. Deirdre Fishel’s educational film about aging and sexuality,Still Doing It: The Intimate Lives of Women Over 65, was shown to 277 undergraduate students (82 male and 1 95 female) enrolled in

Katherine R. Allen; Karen A. Roberto

2009-01-01

222

Young women's construction of their post-cancer fertility.  

PubMed

Younger women diagnosed with cancer often face compromised fertility as a result of their treatment. However, previous research has adopted a biomedical model of fertility and utilised hypothetico-deductive research methods which have not allowed for full exploration of women's subjectivity. This study explored younger women's construction of their fertility post-cancer, and their discussions of fertility with healthcare professionals, from a social constructionist epistemology. Semi-structured one-to-one interviews were conducted with eight women aged 18-26, across a variety of cancer types. Foucaultian Discourse Analysis identified three subject positions associated with fertility concerns: 'Inadequate woman: Accepting the motherhood mandate'; 'Adequate woman: Resisting the motherhood mandate'; and 'Survival of the fittest: Woman as genetically defective'. Implications of these subject positions included feelings of inadequacy, fear and devastation; feeling undesirable to romantic partners; and concern about passing on cancer-positive genes. In describing healthcare professional interactions, women adopted positions of 'Satisfied patient'; 'Passive recipient patient'; or 'Resisting the passive patient position'. Accounts of inadequate information provision were associated with anger and frustration, whereas feeling adequately informed was associated with satisfaction at making decisions about fertility preservation. These results suggest that fertility is of importance to young women cancer survivors, and that compromised fertility can negatively impact subjectivity. PMID:24916140

Dryden, Amy; Ussher, Jane M; Perz, Janette

2014-11-01

223

76 FR 48204 - Fund Availability Under VA's Homeless Providers Grant and Per Diem Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...centers for the following homeless veteran populations: Women...NOFA for the VA's Homeless Providers Grant and...among our nation's veterans. Funding applied for...children, especially for health care and...

2011-08-08

224

Homeless Women and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many changes have occurred in this country that influence personalities, values, and institutions which bring about a marked change in the functioning of society as a whole. These changes have been most dramatic within the institution of the family where they have had a most telling effect on personal lives. Poverty as an independent factor is arguably the single most

Stanley F. Battle

1990-01-01

225

Homeless persons and health care.  

PubMed

Health care is generally unavailable for the homeless. This heterogeneous group of men and women, including long-term street dwellers, residents of shelters, the chronically mentally ill, the economically debased, and alienated youth, are subject to a broad range of acute and chronic diseases, intensified by unsuitable living conditions, stress, and sociopathic behavior. Trauma, pulmonary tuberculosis, infestations, and peripheral vascular disease are common problems among the homeless; incomplete and fragmentary medical care permits exacerbation of chronic disorders. Outreach programs imaginatively constructed by teams of physicians, nurses, and social workers can effectively reestablish and maintain health services for these disenfranchised persons. PMID:3511826

Brickner, P W; Scanlan, B C; Conanan, B; Elvy, A; McAdam, J; Scharer, L K; Vicic, W J

1986-03-01

226

Complicating the public: enabling young women's participation in public engagement initiatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite growing attention to both public engagement in policy development, and youth civic engagement, the engagement of young women and young mothers receives little attention. This article proposes guidelines for engaging with young women in provincial public policy development via their participation in public engagement initiatives. Developed in the context of a small Canadian province, the guidelines are based on

Leah R. E. Levac

2012-01-01

227

Losing self to the future? Young women's strategic responses to adulthood transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The multiple and conflicting identity pressures that young women in western society face have been remarked upon in the literature. Adolescence is a time when identity development activity intensifies, and this process can present young people with challenges. In this paper a social constructionist and interpretive frame is applied to such challenges faced by young women, arguing that they are

Jackie Sanders; Robyn Munford

2008-01-01

228

Complicating the "Public": Enabling Young Women's Participation in Public Engagement Initiatives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite growing attention to both public engagement in policy development, and youth civic engagement, the engagement of young women and young mothers receives little attention. This article proposes guidelines for engaging with young women in provincial public policy development via their participation in public engagement initiatives. Developed…

Levac, Leah R. E.

2013-01-01

229

The Formative Years: Pathways to Substance Abuse among Girls and Young Women Ages 8-22.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents a comprehensive analysis of the reasons why girls and young women smoke, drink and use drugs, and what increases or lowers their risk of substance abuse. It demonstrates that certain key risk factors for substance abuse are unique to girls and young women and pose a greater threat to them than to boys and young men. This…

Columbia Univ., New York, NY. National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

230

Correlates of Homeless Episodes among Indigenous People  

PubMed Central

This study reports the correlates of homeless episodes among 873 Indigenous adults who are part of an ongoing longitudinal study on four reservations in the Northern Midwest and four Canadian First Nation reserves. Descriptive analyses depict differences between those who have and have not experienced an episode of homelessness in their lifetimes. Multivariate analyses assess factors associated with a history of homeless episodes at the time of their first interview. Results show that individuals with a history of homeless episodes had significantly more individual and family health, mental health, and substance abuse problems. Periods of homelessness also were associated with financial problems. Among the female caretakers who experienced episodes of homelessness over the course of the study, the majority had been homeless at least once prior to the start of the study and approximately one–fifth met criteria for lifetime alcohol dependence, drug abuse, or major depression. Family adversity during childhood was also common for women experiencing homelessness during the study. PMID:21656303

Whitbeck, Les B.; Crawford, Devan M.; Hartshorn, Kelley J. Sittner

2011-01-01

231

Bone mineral loss in young women with amenorrhoea.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To examine the impact of amenorrhoea on bone mineral density in women of reproductive age. DESIGN--Cross sectional study of 200 amenorrhoeic women compared with normally menstruating controls. SETTING--Teaching hospital outpatient clinic specialising in reproductive medicine. SUBJECTS--200 Women aged 16-40 with a past or current history of amenorrhoea from various causes and of a median duration of three years, and a control group of 57 age matched normal volunteers with no history of menstrual disorder. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Bone mineral density in the lumbar spine (L1-L4) as measured by dual energy x ray absorptiometry. RESULTS--The amenorrhoeic group showed a mean reduction in bone mineral density of 15% (95% confidence interval 12% to 18%) as compared with controls (mean bone mineral density 0.89 (SD 0.12) g/cm2 v 1.05 (0.09) g/cm2 in controls). Bone loss was related to the duration of amenorrhoea and the severity of oestrogen deficiency rather than to the underlying diagnosis. Patients with a history of fracture had significantly lower bone density than those without a history of fracture. Ten patients had suffered an apparently atraumatic fracture. CONCLUSIONS--Amenorrhoea in young women should be investigated and treated to prevent bone mineral loss. Menopausal women with a past history of amenorrhoea should be considered to be at high risk of osteoporosis. PMID:2224267

Davies, M C; Hall, M L; Jacobs, H S

1990-01-01

232

Homelessness in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book about homelessness in the United States offers 16 chapters in three parts. Part 1, "History Definitions, and Causes," includes: (1) "Redefining the Cursed Word: A Historical Interpretation of American Homelessness" (Kim Hopper and Jim Baumohl); (2) "Homelessness: Definitions and Counts" (Martha R. Burt); (3) "The Causes of Homelessness"…

Baumohl, Jim, Ed.

233

Rent control and homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this paper are to produce more precise estimates of the effect of rent control on homelessness using microdata on housed and homeless households and to provide evidence concerning the mechanisms through which rent control might affect homelessness. Our results suggest that rent control does increase homelessness by decreasing the rental vacancy rate and increasing the rental price

Dirk W. Early; Edgar O. Olsen

1998-01-01

234

The Ecology of Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes an ecological model of homelessness drawn from a broad review of the research and practice literature. The spectrum of biopsychosocial risks associated with pathways into homelessness is reviewed, followed by examination of social and individual consequences resulting from periods of homelessness. The temporal dimensions of homelessness, including “first-time,” “episodic,” and “chronic,” are defined and discussed along with

Roger M. Nooe; David A. Patterson

2010-01-01

235

Understanding the Process: How Mediated and Peer Norms Affect Young Women's Body Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the contribution of interpersonal and mediated perceived norms to young women's body esteem among first-year college women. In addition, we examined the role of social comparison as a mediator for the relationship between norms and body esteem. Several findings were notable. First, interpersonal norms do have a significant relationship with esteem. Young women who perceived that their

Marina Krcmar; Steve Giles; Donald Helme

2008-01-01

236

Attitudes Toward the Vaginal Ring and Transdermal Patch Among Adolescents and Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeThe vaginal ring and the transdermal patch offer important contraceptive options for women at high risk for unintended pregnancy. Little is known about what adolescents and young women think about these methods and why use of the ring has been relatively low compared with the patch. We sought to examine young women's attitudes and perceptions about the ring and the

Tina R. Raine; Laura B. Epstein; Cynthia C. Harper; Beth A. Brown; Cherrie B. Boyer

2009-01-01

237

Is There a Trend of Increased Unwanted Childbearing Among Young Women in the United States?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The majority of births to young women are unintended (either mistimed or unwanted), bearing an increased risk of poor health outcomes for both mother and child. In this analysis, we describe trends of unwanted, mistimed, and intended births reported by all women and specifically by young women in the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Methods: Using data from

Dmitry M. Kissin; John E. Anderson; Joan Marie Kraft; Lee Warner; Denise J. Jamieson

238

Shifting Motivations: Young Women's Reflections on Physical Activity over Time and across Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research analyzes motivations expressed by young, healthy, sedentary women before and after an exercise intervention. Young women (aged 18-30, n = 39) participated in focus groups or interviews during a 4-month exercise intervention. Afterward, 22 of these women and 20 controls completed physical activity diaries for 6 months and were…

O'Dougherty, Maureen; Kurzer, Mindy S.; Schmitz, Kathryn H.

2010-01-01

239

Perceived personal, social and environmental barriers to weight maintenance among young women: A community survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Young women are a group at high risk of weight gain. This study examined a range of perceived personal, social and environmental barriers to physical activity and healthy eating for weight maintenance among young women, and how these varied by socioeconomic status (SES), overweight status and domestic situation. METHODS: In October-December 2001, a total of 445 women aged 18–32

Sari Andajani-Sutjahjo; Kylie Ball; Narelle Warren; Victoria Inglis; David Crawford

2004-01-01

240

Fertility and adjuvant treatment in young women with breast cancer.  

PubMed

Women of childbearing age with breast cancer are often concerned about whether they will become infertile after treatment, and for those who wish to bear children, whether a subsequent pregnancy will alter their risk of disease recurrence. The risk of chemotherapy-related amenorrhea (CRA), menopause, and infertility appear to be related to patient age and type of treatment received, though data regarding actual fertility following treatment are limited. There are options available for fertility preservation for young women who wish to have a biologic child after breast cancer and are at risk for infertility. Options include cryopreservation of embryos, oocytes, ovarian tissue prior to treatment, and ovarian suppression through chemotherapy. However, most of these are considered experimental, and there are limited data regarding the safety of such strategies. There has been concern that pregnancy after breast cancer may worsen prognosis in light of the endocrine manipulations used to treat breast cancer, particularly for women with hormone sensitive disease. Several studies addressing the potential risk of pregnancy after breast cancer have not revealed any negative effect on prognosis. However, these studies have significant limitations, and concerns about a negative impact for some remain. Ongoing and future prospective studies evaluating fertility and pregnancy issues for young breast cancer survivors are warranted for this vulnerable population facing this difficult issue. PMID:17804236

Partridge, Ann H; Ruddy, Kathryn J

2007-12-01

241

Breast cancer in young women: special considerations in multidisciplinary care  

PubMed Central

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in females, and 5%–7% of breast cancer cases occur in women under 40 years of age. Breast cancer in the young has gained increased attention with an attempt to improve diagnosis and prognosis. Young patients tend to have different epidemiology, presenting with later stages and more aggressive phenotypes. Diagnostic imaging is also more difficult in this age group. Multidisciplinary care generally encompasses surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and social workers. Other special considerations include reconstruction options, fertility, genetics, and psychosocial issues. These concerns enlarge the already diverse multidisciplinary team to incorporate new expertise, such as reproductive specialists and genetic counselors. This review encompasses an overview of the current multimodal treatment regimens and the unique challenges in treating this special population. Integration of diagnosis, treatment, and quality of life issues should be addressed and understood by each member in the interdisciplinary team in order to optimize outcomes. PMID:25300196

Reyna, Chantal; Lee, Marie Catherine

2014-01-01

242

Preventing victimization among young women: The SafeNights intervention  

PubMed Central

Objective We examined the effect of a brief intervention, titled SafeNights, to reduce victimization among young college-aged females. Participants A total of 1,048 women participated; 496 participants in the control and 552 in the experimental condition. Method Young Americans crossing the U.S. border to patronize Tijuana bars were randomly assigned to an intervention as they traveled into Tijuana. Upon returning to the United States, participants provided a breath sample and were interviewed. Results SafeNights was significantly associated with reductions in reported victimization independent of alcohol consumption. Conclusions The intervention will be refined for a broader spectrum of collegiate settings at high risk for heavy drinking and potential victimization. PMID:24634576

Kelley-Baker, Tara; Johnson, Mark B.; Romano, Eduardo; Mumford, Elizabeth A.; Miller, Brenda A.

2012-01-01

243

Postfeminist advertising laid bare: Young women’s talk about the sexually agentic woman of ‘midriff ’ advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a feminist Foucauldian analysis of women’s interpretations of images of women in post-feminist advertising. Building on Ros Gill’s analysis of post-feminist advertising images of women, and more specifically the figure of ‘the midriff ’, the paper presents an analysis of focus group discussions with seven young women who were asked to discuss ‘midriff’ advertising images. Whilst participants

Helen Malson; Emma Halliwell; Irmgard Tischner; Annadís Rúdólfsdóttir

2011-01-01

244

Oral Contraceptives Impair Muscle Gains In Young Women  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an APS press release on the findings of a new study entitled 'Oral Contraceptive Use Impairs Muscle Gains in Young Women'. It was conducted by Chang-Woock Lee and Steven E. Riechman, Department of Health and Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX; and Mark A. Newman, Human Energy Research Laboratory, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA. The researchers will present their findings at the 122nd Annual Meeting of the American Physiological Society (APS; www.the-aps.org/press), which is part of the Experimental Biology 2009 scientific conference. The meeting was held April 18-22, 2009 in New Orleans.

APS Communications Office (American Physiological Society Communications Office)

2006-04-17

245

Pharmacologic ovarian preservation in young women undergoing chemotherapy.  

PubMed

The prognosis of malignancies in young women undergoing chemotherapy has dramatically improved recently, and more attention is given to the long term quality of life, including fertility and reproductive function preservation. Some chemotherapeutic drugs are known to be associated with gonadal toxicity (cyclophosphamide, L-phenylanine mustard, busulfan and nitrogen mustard) and others have less or un-quantified effects (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinca alkaloids, as vincristine and vinblastin, cisplatin, nitrosoureas, cytosine arabinoside). Women are in need to identify best options to minimize ovarian damage during chemotherapy through the administration of protective drugs, better choice of therapy and with advocating oncofertility preservation. We reviewed the possible options focusing on the most studied gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRH-a) and the psychologically promising oral contraceptives (OC). Controversy exist on the benefit of gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) or combined oral contraceptive administered at time of cancer therapy in preventing premature ovarian failure in women and the available data from both human and animal studies have been mixed. The best way to preserve fertility and ovarian function in young women undergoing chemotherapy still remains to be determined. In the absence of a best approach, each case should be evaluated individually, considering patient's wishes and expectations, the type of chemotherapy, age, obstetric history, ovarian reserve (combining multiple indicators such as basal hormone profile, anti müllerian hormone -AMH- and antral follicle count), family history of premature ovarian failure. We present a review of the available evidence on the value of administering GnRH-a and OC use to minimize or prevent the effect of chemotherapy agents on reproductive function. PMID:24164203

Chahvar, S T; Al-Shawaf, T; Tranquilli, A L

2014-01-01

246

Characterizing Alcohol Use Disorders and Suicidal Ideation in Young Women  

PubMed Central

Objective: Alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and suicidal ideation (SI) co-occur, yet few studies have investigated the risk and protective factors that influence their comorbidity. Method: Data from 3,787 twin women ages 18—27 years were analyzed. AUD was defined as a lifetime history of alcohol abuse or dependence as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition. SI was coded as a lifetime report of any SI, and all subjects were queried about SI. Subjects were divided into those with neither AUD nor SI (AUD?SI?), those with AUD but no SI (AUD+SI?), those with SI but no AUD (AUD?SI+), and those with comorbid AUD and SI (AUD+SI+). Association with multiple measures of psychopathology, negative life events, personality, and family history was assessed using multinomial logistic regression. Results: Women with AUD were at 3.1 (95% confidence interval [2.5, 3.8]) odds of also reporting a lifetime history of SI. Psychopathology and negative life events were consistently high in the AUD+SI+ group. AUD+SI+ women also were more likely to report drinking to cope. Substance use was more common in the AUD+SI? versus the AUD?SI+ women, whereas major depressive disorder, social phobia, and panic attacks were more commonly reported by the AUD?SI+ versus the AUD+SI? women. Conclusions: The comorbidity between AUD and SI is characterized in young women by co-occurring psychopathology, drinking to cope, and negative life events. PMID:23490569

Agrawal, Arpana; Constantino, Anna M.; Bucholz, Kathleen K.; Glowinski, Anne; Madden, Pamela A. F.; Heath, Andrew C.; Lynskey, Michael T.

2013-01-01

247

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gathered descriptive data on 163 telephone applicants to residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared data with general veteran and homeless populations. Found subjects to be young, educated group of homeless men with histories of relatively high, stable functioning and high rates of medical, substance abuse, psychiatric,…

Seidner, Andrea L.; And Others

1990-01-01

248

Correlates of Young Women’s Interest in Obtaining Cosmetic Surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined predictors of young women’s interest in obtaining cosmetic surgery. The sample investigated was comprised\\u000a of 101 college undergraduates residing in the northeastern U.S. (M age?=?19.99, SD?=?4.79). Participants’ weight status (M\\u000a BMI?=?24.52, SD?=?5.69), body dissatisfaction, internalization of media messages, reports of physical appearance teasing,\\u000a and interest in obtaining cosmetic surgery were assessed. Results indicated that all of the

Charlotte N. Markey; Patrick M. Markey

2009-01-01

249

Unbearable weight: young adult women's experiences of being overweight.  

PubMed

Being overweight is a hazard to health. Overweight people have a very negative image due to the marketing strategies for weight reduction and beauty products. Young women establishing self-image, seeking affirmation of social peers, and looking for potential mates are usually concerned about their weight and figure. To investigate the experience of young women who think they are overweight, how they come to think in this way, and the impact of this thinking, this qualitative pilot study conducted semi-structured interviews with five participants. On the basis of the qualitative method, data was subjected to constant comparison and content analysis. The phenomenon can thus be described in three major categories: (1) Social labeling of the overweight - a slim image is overwhelmingly preferred; (2) Pursuing attractiveness or health - a self-struggling process; (3) Weight reduction and self control - an endless struggle. The result of the study suggests there is a need for a competitive image to counter current obsessions with painfully slender figures in society. To protect the public's mental and physical health, nurses should play an active role in weight education based on a deeper and more dynamic understanding of being overweight. PMID:15208779

Yu-Jen, Chang; Yiing-Mei, Liou; Shuh-Jen, Sheu; Mei-Yen, Chen

2004-06-01

250

Effects of Contraceptive Use on Bone Biochemical Markers in Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to compare biochemical markers of bone resorption and formation in young women using different hor- monal contraceptive methods. Women aged 18 -39 yr who were using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) contraception were re- cruited for the study; comparison women were matched by age and clinic location. There were 116 women using DMPA, 39 using

SUSAN M. OTT; DELIA SCHOLES; ANDREA Z. LACROIX; LAURA E. ICHIKAWA; CATHLEEN K. YOSHIDA; WILLIAM E. BARLOW

251

Stress fracture injury in young military men and women.  

PubMed

Approximately 5% of all military recruits incur stress fracture injuries during intense physical training, predominately in the lower extremity. We compared young men and women with stress fracture injury (subjects) to a matched group of uninjured volunteers (controls) during a summer training program at the United States Naval Academy to identify possible risk factors for stress fracture injury. The subject group was composed of 13 female and 18 male plebes with training-induced stress fracture injury verified by plain radiographs and/or nuclear bone scan. The control group was composed of 13 female and 18 male plebes who remained without injury during plebe summer training but who were matched with the 31 injured plebes for the Initial Strength Test (1-mi run time, means: women, 7.9 min; men, 6.4 min) and body mass index (means: women, 23.4; men, 23.8). We found that the subjects lost significant body weight (mean, 2.63 +/- 0.54 kg) between Day 1 and the date of their diagnosis of a stress fracture (mean, Day 35) and that they continued to lose weight until the date of their DEXA scan (mean, Day 49). Among female plebes, there was no evidence of the female athlete triad (eating disorders, menstrual dysfunction, or low bone density). Thigh girth was significantly smaller in female subjects than in female controls and trended to be lower in male subjects than in male controls. Total body bone mineral content was significantly lower in the male subjects than in male controls. Bone mineral density of the distal tibia and femoral neck were not significantly different between the groups. DEXA-derived structural geometric properties were not different between subjects and controls. Because, on average, tibias were significantly longer in male subjects than in male controls, the mean bone strength index in male subjects was significantly lower than that of male controls. We conclude that significant, acute weight loss combined with regular daily physical training among young military recruits may be a significant contributing risk factor for stress fracture injuries in young military men and women. PMID:15336620

Armstrong, David W; Rue, John-Paul H; Wilckens, John H; Frassica, Frank J

2004-09-01

252

Keloids and Ultrasound Detected Fibroids in Young African American Women  

PubMed Central

Objective Keloids and fibroids share a number of biologic and demographic similarities however there are no published reports of the association between them. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between self-reported keloids and ultrasound detected fibroids in a population of young African American women. Study Design The Study of Environment, Life-style & Fibroids (SELF), is a volunteer cohort of over 1600 African American women aged 23-34 years recruited in Detroit, Michigan. Enrollment occurred between December 2010 and December 2012. Data are available for the first 1196 participants. Participants self-reported a history of raised (hypertrophic) scars or scars extending beyond the limits of the original injury (keloid) and had an enrollment pelvic ultrasound examination to detect prevalent fibroids. Log linear regression was used to model the association between abnormal scars and prevalent fibroids controlling for possible covariates. Among women with fibroids, associations between particular fibroid characteristics (tumor location, size or number) and scarring were assessed using chi-square and Mann Whitney U-tests. Results Both abnormal scarring (keloids, 9.0%; hypertrophic scars, 28.3%) and fibroids (23.3%) were common in this cohort. There was no indication [adjusted Risk Ratio (95% Confidence Interval): 0.7 (0.5-1.1)] of an association between self-reported keloids and prevalent fibroids. Nor was there any association with hypertrophic scars. Specific characteristics of the prevalent fibroids were not associated with abnormal scarring. Conclusion Despite similarly dysregulated extracellular matrices in keloids and fibroids, these conditions did not tend to co-occur in this young African American population. PMID:24386410

Harmon, Quaker E.; Laughlin, Shannon K.; Baird, Donna D.

2013-01-01

253

Young African women must have empowering and receptive social environments for HIV prevention.  

PubMed

This paper describes a study which explored the lives of young Ugandan women through their voices, and related the findings to HIV prevention paradigms. The research was conducted in the context of the continuing vulnerability of young Ugandan women to HIV; reflected in disproportionately high prevalence compared to young men. The participants of the study were 15 young women aged 15-19 years, from Busoga Region in Eastern Uganda. Given the focus on young women's voices within norms of gender inequality, a narrative methodology was used as a safe space for participants to speak about their lives, expanding on research experiences with young people. The methods used included drawing; written stories and drama; aspirational writing and diary keeping. Forty-eight narratives, in image and word form, represented everyday experiences in young women's lives, as well as difficult experiences of inequality and resistance. Young women portrayed considerable social barriers to empowerment, and a challenging environment of poverty and educational limitations. Young women's representations were analysed using a gender empowerment and positive sexuality framework. The resulting analysis was then critically applied to HIV prevention paradigms. Evidence from the study showed that prevailing HIV prevention paradigms reinforce the difficulties faced by young women in their sexual lives. This research adds to calls for alternative and wider approaches to HIV prevention, underpinned by gender empowerment. Alternative approaches need to build young African women's voices in the spaces of homes, schools and communities. It is vital, however, that such efforts are embedded in more radical change leading to social environments receptive to the needs of young women. PMID:22908853

Conn, Cath

2013-01-01

254

Body height affects the strength of immune response in young men, but not young women.  

PubMed

Body height and other body attributes of humans may be associated with a diverse range of social outcomes such as attractiveness to potential mates. Despite evidence that each parameter plays a role in mate choice, we have little understanding of the relative role of each, and relationships between indices of physical appearance and general health. In this study we tested relationships between immune function and body height of young men and women. In men, we report a non-linear relationship between antibody response to a hepatitis-B vaccine and body height, with a positive relationship up to a height of 185?cm, but an inverse relationship in taller men. We did not find any significant relationship between body height and immune function in women. Our results demonstrate the potential of vaccination research to reveal costly traits that govern evolution of mate choice in humans and the importance of trade-offs among these traits. PMID:25164474

Krams, Indrikis A; Skrinda, Ilona; Kecko, Sanita; Moore, Fhionna R; Krama, Tatjana; Kaasik, Ants; Meija, Laila; Lietuvietis, Vilnis; Rantala, Markus J

2014-01-01

255

Education for Homeless Adults: The First Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Adult Education for the Homeless programs implemented by the states followed one of four approaches. The Development/Capacity-Building approach emphasized program structure and model-building. The Urban Focus approach was tailored to reach the maximum number of students. The Services to Women approach tried to meet women's special needs. A…

Office of Vocational and Adult Education (ED), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education and Literacy.

256

Creating a space for young women's voices: using ‘participatory video drama’ in Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article draws upon research that explored the experiences of young women in relation to sexual health in Uganda with a view to enhancing gender-sensitive strategies. We have coined the phrase ‘participatory video drama’ to describe the exploratory methodology that the young women participants in our research used to present stories about their lives. The aim of this article is

Louise Waite; Cath Conn

2011-01-01

257

Relationship between Self-Actualisation and Employment for At-Risk Young Unemployed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used drawing and semi-structured interviews to access the visions of self-actualisation of a group of at-risk young women in an employment support group in Israel. The findings point to the synergetic relationship between the self-defined goals of the young women such as inner peace, self-regulation, assertiveness, good relationships…

Huss, Ephrat; Magos, Michal

2014-01-01

258

The Causes of Marital Disruption among Young American Women: An Interdisciplinary Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the National Longitudinal Survey of young women aged 14 to 24 in 1968 who were interviewed annually over a five-year period, a study was conducted to examine the relative importance of economic and noneconomic factors in determining the likelihood of marital disruption for young black and white women. A literature review showed that previous…

Mott, Frank L.; Moore, Sylvia F.

259

Kujichagalia! Self-Determination in Young African American Women with Disabilities during the Transition Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the role that self-determination played in the transition process for young African American women with disabilities who exited high school with a special diploma and participated in a local transition program. Factors under study included the young women's autonomy, self-regulation, psychological…

Gillis, La Tonya L.

2011-01-01

260

Agency in Action--Young Women and Their Sexual Relationships in a Private School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agency among young women is often understood as fleeting in nature, and studies rarely offer insights into how agency could become a more sustained position. Using data from 54 young women discussing their sexual and intimate relationships, this paper suggests a new way of understanding agency beyond that found in work which stresses agentic…

Maxwell, Claire; Aggleton, Peter

2010-01-01

261

Empowered Positions? Listening to Sexually Experienced Young Women Talking about Sex, Disappointments, and Compromise  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to discuss how sex and relationship education (SRE) could benefit from considering current levels of young women's empowerment in (hetero)sexual relationships and challenge popular notions of twenty-first century young women "having it all" and occupying powerful relational and sexual positions.…

Sieg, Ellen

2008-01-01

262

Birth Expectations and Working Plans of Young Women: Changes in Role Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report presents an analysis of changes in childbearing plans of young women and the implications of these plans for understanding labor force behavior as well as predicting fertility levels of the population. Data used were derived from the National Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative survey of 5,000 young women born between…

Suter, Larry E.; And Others

263

Worker, Housewife, Mother: Role Decisions of Young Women (A Longitudinal Study of Birth Expectations).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early 1970's was a period of rapid decline for all fertility indicators in the United States. This paper explores some of the reasons for this decline. Data from a National longitudinal survey of young women are used to examine changes in expectations for lifetime births from 1971 to 1973. These young women decreased their birth expectations…

Suter, Larry E.; Waite, Linda J.

264

Why do young women drop out of sport and physical activity? A social ecological approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored significant individual, social, and environmental factors and how they interact to influence participation in physical activity for adolescent young women. These factors were explored at two transitional life stages: from primary to secondary school and from middle to upper years at secondary school. Ten focus groups with young women and 10 interviews with teachers were conducted and

Melinda J. Craike; Caroline Symons; Jo An M. Zimmermann

2009-01-01

265

The ‘good life’ and the ‘rich portfolio’: young women, schooling and neoliberal subjectification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ways two young women, living in Australia, make sense of themselves, their activities, and futures. The two young women come from two different schooling contexts—a prestigious private school and a government school. We analyse their self?narratives in relation to neoliberal discourse, and consider how, and with what effects, their school contexts privilege and make available neoliberal

Gabrielle OFlynn; Eva Bendix Petersen

2007-01-01

266

Agency in action – young women and their sexual relationships in a private school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Agency among young women is often understood as fleeting in nature, and studies rarely offer insights into how agency could become a more sustained position. Using data from 54 young women discussing their sexual and intimate relationships, this paper suggests a new way of understanding agency beyond that found in work which stresses agentic practice as resistance or the challenging

Claire Maxwell; Peter Aggleton

2010-01-01

267

Girls and young women's participation in physical activity: psychological and social influences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of increasing young women's level of physical activity is recognized as a prior- ity within the United Kingdom and other West- ernized nations. This study, conducted in two distinct geographical locations in the United Kingdom, explores the leading influences upon levels of physical activity participation among 75 young women aged 15-19. Through in-depth interviews, this study explores the

Lester Coleman; Louise Cox; Debi Roker

2008-01-01

268

"Are They Just Checking Our Obesity or What?" The Healthism Discourse and Rural Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper makes use of critical discourse analysis and Bourdieu's theoretical framework to explore rural young women's meanings of health and fitness and how the healthism discourse is perpetuated through their experiences in school physical education (PE). The young women's own meanings are explored alongside interview data from their school PE…

Lee, Jessica; Macdonald, Doune

2010-01-01

269

Waiting for the Right Time: How and Why Young Thai Women Manage to Avoid Heterosexual Intercourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nineteen young Thai women were purposively selected from networks of nongovernmental organizations involving children and youths in Bangkok. Our grounded theory findings indicated that these young women used the basic social process they called “waiting for the right time” in order to maintain heterosexual abstinence. Waiting for the right time involved one overarching condition, honoring parental love, and included three

Pinhatai Supametaporn; Phyllis Noerager Stern; Branom Rodcumdee; Waraporn Chaiyawat

2010-01-01

270

Uptake of Free HPV Vaccination among Young Women: A Comparison of Rural versus Urban Rates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: To contrast rates of initial HPV vaccine uptake, offered at no cost, between a rural clinic, a rural community college, and an urban college clinic and to identify rural versus urban differences in uptake of free booster doses. Methods: Young rural women attending rural clinics (n = 246), young women attending a rural community college (n…

Crosby, Richard A.; Casey, Baretta R.; Vanderpool, Robin; Collins, Tom; Moore, Gregory R.

2011-01-01

271

Lower peripheral circulation in eumenorrheic young women with premenstrual symptoms  

PubMed Central

Background A majority of women from all cultures and socioeconomic levels experience diverse psychosomatic and behavioral symptoms premenstrually, a phenomenon commonly termed premenstrual syndrome, although symptoms and discomfort levels vary from woman to woman. The underlying pathological mechanisms of premenstrual syndrome remain unknown; however, altered function or even slight disorder of the blood circulation system, which contributes to the orchestrations of the human internal environment, could cause bio-psychological changes leading to complaints and ultimately compromising a woman's overall health. The present study, therefore, investigates to what extent and how the menstrual cyclicity of peripheral circulation is associated with premenstrual symptomatology. Methods Twenty-one eumenorrheic young women participated in this study. All subjects were investigated during the follicular and late luteal phases. Cycle phase was determined by the onset of menstruation and oral temperature and was verified by concentrations of ovarian hormones, estrone, and pregnanediol in a urine sample taken early in the morning. Peripheral circulation was evaluated with the Astrim (Sysmex, Kobe), a portable non-invasive monitoring device using the principle of near-infrared spectroscopy, which calculates the venous oxygenation index (VOI) based on the ratio of light absorption of oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin, a proven reliable indicator of peripheral blood circulation. The Menstrual Distress Questionnaire was applied to measure physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms accompanying the menstrual cycle of the subjects. Results The oral temperature and urinary ovarian hormones adjusted for creatinine significantly increased in the late luteal phase in all subjects. While 10 subjects experienced no symptoms during the menstrual cycle, 11 subjects had apparent physical and psychological discomfort in the late luteal phase. We found that VOI decreased more significantly in the late luteal phase than in the follicular phase only in women with premenstrual discomfort although the symptoms were not unbearable enough to cause the disruption of daily activities. Conclusion Several models have tried to explain the etiopathogenesis of premenstrual syndrome. Although causes and consequences remain enigmatic, our data suggest that the peripheral circulation could alter in the luteal phase, which might be partly associated with premenstrual psychosomatic symptoms in eumenorrheic young women. PMID:17391537

Matsumoto, Tamaki; Ushiroyama, Takahisa; Tatsumi, Noriyuki

2007-01-01

272

From Marginalized to Mainstreamed: The HEART Project Empowers the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A demonstration project providing job skills training for the homeless was conducted to evaluate the potential for moving the homeless into the mainstream. Of the 30 men and women who participated in the project, 26 successfully completed the program. Intensive case management contributed to program success. (RJM)

Goetz, Kathryn W.; Schmiege, Cynthia J.

1996-01-01

273

Parenting while Being Homeless  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the dynamics of parenting while being in a homeless context. The mosaic of stressors involved in this homeless parenting process are explicated and discussed. In addition, resources and strategies that may support parenting are presented and discussed.

Swick, Kevin J.; Williams, Reginald; Fields, Evelyn

2014-01-01

274

Life Shocks and Homelessness  

PubMed Central

We exploited an exogenous health shock—namely, the birth of a child with a severe health condition—to investigate the effect of a life shock on homelessness in large cities in the United States as well as the interactive effects of the shock with housing market characteristics. We considered a traditional measure of homelessness, two measures of housing instability thought to be precursors to homelessness, and a combined measure that approximates the broadened conceptualization of homelessness under the 2009 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act (2010). We found that the shock substantially increases the likelihood of family homelessness, particularly in cities with high housing costs. The findings are consistent with the economic theory of homelessness, which posits that homelessness results from a conjunction of adverse circumstances in which housing markets and individual characteristics collide. PMID:23868747

Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Reichman, Nancy E.

2014-01-01

275

Life shocks and homelessness.  

PubMed

We exploited an exogenous health shock-namely, the birth of a child with a severe health condition-to investigate the effect of a life shock on homelessness in large cities in the United States as well as the interactive effects of the shock with housing market characteristics. We considered a traditional measure of homelessness, two measures of housing instability thought to be precursors to homelessness, and a combined measure that approximates the broadened conceptualization of homelessness under the 2009 Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing Act (2010). We found that the shock substantially increases the likelihood of family homelessness, particularly in cities with high housing costs. The findings are consistent with the economic theory of homelessness, which posits that homelessness results from a conjunction of adverse circumstances in which housing markets and individual characteristics collide. PMID:23868747

Curtis, Marah A; Corman, Hope; Noonan, Kelly; Reichman, Nancy E

2013-12-01

276

Reconstructive surgery in young women with breast cancer.  

PubMed

Recovery of body image after mastectomy is essential for physical and mental quality of life. Partial or total mastectomy deformities can be reversed by reconstructive surgical procedures. Young women with breast cancer have specific characteristics related to the age of onset of the disease, prognosis and reconstructive expectations. Patient individualization is the key to a successful breast reconstruction. Autologous and prosthetic reconstruction are the two main techniques used for breast reconstruction. Each reconstructive technique has its own indications, advantages and limitations. Timing of the surgery is primarily determined by the requirement for adjuvant radiotherapy, so an immediate or a delayed approach can be recommended. In patients in whom the need for adjuvant radiotherapy is in doubt, a delayed-immediate approach is the best to optimize aesthetic and oncologic outcomes. Prophylactic mastectomy is also being indicated in a growing number of patients. In these patients it is important to choose a similar reconstructive procedure on both sides to achieve breast symmetry. PMID:20721689

Marín-Gutzke, Martina; Sánchez-Olaso, Alberto

2010-09-01

277

Careers in Drug and Alcohol Research: AN Innovative Program for Young Appalachian Women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the University of Kentucky's Center on Drug and Alcohol Research developed the Young Women in Science Program to encourage young women from Appalachia to pursue scientific careers ?? drug and alcohol research. This 3-year program, which involved 26 young women entering the ninth grade in 13 counties in southeastern Kentucky, included a summer residential program, community educational sessions, and matching students with mentors. When participants' scores prior to and after the 3-week residential program were compared, it was found that participants increased their science knowledge and improved their scores on confidence in science. Other significant changes occurred as well. These preliminary data indicated that some positive changes resulted from the program, even though contact time with the young women has been modest to date. The program shows considerable promise for providing the encouragement and skills needed for these young women to pursue careers in drug and alcohol research.

Noland, Melody Powers; Leukefeld, Carl; Reid, Caroline

278

Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya.  

PubMed

Transactional sex, or the exchange of money and gifts for sexual activities within nonmarital relationships, has been widely considered a contributing factor to the disproportionate prevalence of HIV/AIDS among young women in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applied social exchange theory to premarital relationships in order to investigate the linkages between a variety of young women's resources-including employment and material transfers from male partners-and sexual behaviors. Data on the first month of premarital relationships (N=551 relationships) were collected from a random sample of young adult women ages 18-24 in Kisumu, Kenya, using a retrospective life history calendar. Consistent with the hypotheses, results showed that young women's income increases the likelihood of safer sexual activities, including delaying sex and using condoms consistently. Material transfers from the male partner displayed the opposite effect, supporting the view that resources obtained from within the relationship decrease young women's negotiating power. PMID:22180665

Luke, Nancy; Goldberg, Rachel E; Mberu, Blessing U; Zulu, Eliya M

2011-10-01

279

Predictors of ovarian reserve in young women with breast cancer  

PubMed Central

Ovarian reserve can be diminished following treatment for breast cancer. This study evaluated biochemical and biophysical parameters of ovarian reserve in these patients. Biochemical and biophysical tests of ovarian reserve were performed simultaneously in young (age 22–42 years), regularly menstruating women with breast cancer (n=22) and age-matched controls (n=24). All tests were performed before (baseline) and after transient ovarian stimulation in the early follicular phase. Patients were recruited both before and after completion of chemotherapy, with some patients being followed up prospectively. Serum samples were analysed for follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinising hormone (LH), oestradiol (E2), inhibins A and B, and antimullerian hormone (AMH). Biophysical (ultrasound) tests included ovarian volume, antral follicle count (AFC), ovarian stromal blood flow and uterine dimensions. Significant differences were revealed (when compared with the controls) for basal FSH (11.32±1.48 vs 6.62±0.42?mIU?ml?1, P<0.001), basal AMH (0.95±0.34 vs 7.89±1.62?ng?ml?1, P<0.001) and basal inhibin B (19.24±4.56 vs 83.61±13.45?pg?ml?1, P<0.001). Following transient ovarian stimulation, there were significant differences in the increment change (?) for inhibin B (3.02±2.3 vs 96.82±16.38?pg?ml?1, P<0.001) and E2 (107.8±23.95 vs 283.2±40.34?pg?ml?1, P<0.01). AFC was the only biophysical parameter that was significantly different between patients and the controls (7.80±0.85 vs 16.77±1.11, P<0.001). Basal and stimulated biochemical (serum AMH, FSH, inhibin B and E2) and biophysical (AFC) tests may be potential markers of ovarian reserve in young women with breast cancer. PMID:17533402

Lutchman Singh, K; Muttukrishna, S; Stein, R C; McGarrigle, H H; Patel, A; Parikh, B; Groome, N P; Davies, M C; Chatterjee, R

2007-01-01

280

HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT  

E-print Network

HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT H A W A I ` I 2 0 11 #12;State 2007 2,136 2,201 2,204 2,069 2) Hawai`i, Kaua`i and Maui Counties 2 HOMELESS SERVICE UTILIZATION REPORT The 2011 Homeless Service of Hawai`i and the Homeless Programs Office of the Hawai`i State Department of Human Services (DHS

281

Experience seeking abortion among unmarried young women in Bihar and Jharkhand, India: delays and disadvantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies suggest that the experiences of unmarried young women seeking abortion in India differ from those of their married counterparts, but the evidence is limited. Research was undertaken among nulliparous young women aged 15–24 who had abortions at the clinics of a leading NGO in Bihar and Jharkhand. Over a 14-month period in 2007–08, 246 married and 549 unmarried young

Shireen J Jejeebhoy; Shveta Kalyanwala; AJ Francis Zavier; Rajesh Kumar; Nita Jha

2010-01-01

282

12Step Involvement and Treatment Outcomes Among Young Women With Substance Use Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extent to which young women with substance use disorders (SUDs) affiliate with Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or other 12-Step groups is currently unclear. This administrative data analysis examined 12-Step involvement and its impact on outcome during the first 6 months following treatment among a sample of young adults attending 12-step–based residential treatment. Young women were just as likely as similar-aged

Audrey A. Klein; Valerie J. Slaymaker

2011-01-01

283

Educating Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade, the number of homeless children in America has more than doubled. Educators, however, are still legally obligated to enroll and support them, because of the passage of the "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001, which reauthorized the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act. Although schools cannot solve homelessness, they can…

Berliner, BethAnn

2002-01-01

284

BRITISH HOMELESSNESS: THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the years many theories about homelessness have developed in the UK. The theories have both contributed to the understanding of homelessness and fuelled the homeless industry's push for more research. The research methods used and the outcomes of that research depend, to some degree, on the theoretical framework used. This paper argues that no single theoretical framework seems to

Megan Ravenhill

285

Pennsylvania's Rural Homeless Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Center for Rural Pennsylvania analyzed data from the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare concerning rural homelessness for fiscal years 1997 through 1999. Findings indicate that rural Pennsylvania has a homeless population and it is growing. In 1999, more than 21,700 clients received homeless assistance in rural areas, 44 percent of whom…

Center for Rural Pennsylvania, Harrisburg.

286

Teaching Our Homeless Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses some of the major concerns associated with the instructional process of our homeless children. The reader is provided with a brief overview of the prevalence of this population. According to the National Center on Family Homelessness the number of school children who are homeless is growing rapidly with 1.4 to 1.5 million…

Sheldon, George H.

2011-01-01

287

Japan's “New Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the mid-1990s, homelessness has become a major issue of public discussion in Japan, and is often viewed as a new social problem facing Japanese society. The issue of homelessness contrasts images of the absence of poverty and homelessness in postwar Japan, often explained based on the unique features of Japanese-style employment and welfare, containing poverty and unemployment. This paper

Aya Ezawa

2002-01-01

288

8- Rural Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the 1998 Symposium on Homelessness Research, rural homelessness was not assigned as a paper topic in its own right. Due to its increasing significance, the authors prepared a paper on rural homelessness for the 2007 Symposium. Given the somewhat limited formal research available, the authors supplemented their literature review with information from government documents and technical assistance materials as

Marjorie Robertson; Nancy Fritz; Rebecca Noftsinger; Pamela Fischer

289

Homeless Families with Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies of homelessness have not adequately addressed the relationship between deteriorating living conditions of inner-city neighborhoods and family homelessness. Interviews with 50 families with children who were residents of homeless shelters in two large cities in New York reveal that substandard housing, unscrupulous landlords, and drug-related violence and crime in neighborhoods, as well as nonpayment of rent and domestic

Namkee G. Choi; Lidia J. Snyder

1999-01-01

290

Homelessness: An Overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The homelessness crisis in the United States has reached epidemic proportions as the diversity of the homeless population expands to the point where it resembles the general population. The deepest and most long-standing cause of homelessness is poverty, but there are other forces as well, including the severe shortage of affordable housing (particularly due to urban renewal); deep funding cuts

Jim Tull

1992-01-01

291

UCSF study finds few young women with cancer take steps to preserve fertility during treatments  

Cancer.gov

A new study has found that very few young women with cancer take steps to preserve their fertility while undergoing cancer therapy. Also, certain groups of young women are more likely to do so than others. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study indicates that efforts are needed to provide counseling on fertility preservation in reproductive-aged women diagnosed with cancer.

292

Why so few young women in mathematics, science, and technology classes?  

SciTech Connect

Many factors influence the success of women in scientific and technical careers. Women represent over 50% of the U.S. population, yet less than 16% of women are employed in scientific and technical careers. Research over the last decade makes it clear that disparities exist in the participation, achievement, and attitudes of young men and young women in science classes. Young women are as interested in science experiences as young men up until age nine. After that age, the number of young women interested in science, mathematics, and technology classes drops. Not enrolling in science and mathematics classes in high school limits career options for young women, and their chance to succeed in a scientific or technical field becomes remote. Why is this happening? What can we, as educators, scientists, and parents do to address this problem? The literature identifies three principal factors that relate to the lack of female involvement in science classes: culture, attitude, and education. This paper reviews these factors and provides examples of programs that Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) and others have developed to increase the number of young women entering college ready and wanting to pursue a career in a scientific or technical field.

Wieda, K.J.

1995-06-01

293

Sourcing homelessness: How journalists use sources to frame homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a content and qualitative analysis of quotations from sources in Canadian newspaper items on homelessness. Experts dominate as sources on homelessness. Homeless people are not completely deprived of a voice, but are limited to the devalued voice of experience. Quotes from homeless people themselves promote a narrative of homelessness that marginalizes the people who experience it and

Barbara Schneider

2012-01-01

294

A Population-Based Inquiry of Homeless Episode Characteristics and Early Educational Well-Being  

PubMed Central

Child homelessness and educational well-being is an area of national research that requires more precise investigation to address mixed findings. The aim of this study was to extend the investigation of the relations between homelessness and educational well-being by determining if timing and frequency of homeless episodes are differentially associated with children’s academic and classroom engagement outcomes. This investigation used a comprehensive research model to study the effects of these homeless episode characteristics within a large urban student cohort. Additionally, this study accounted for co-occurring early risk factors. Findings indicated that having a first homeless episode in early childhood was associated with non-proficiency in mathematics and academic engagement problems. Also more frequent homeless episodes were related to truancy in third grade. These results stress the importance of early intervention for homeless children and underscore the need to further understand the variation in young children’s homeless experiences. PMID:24072948

Fantuzzo, John; LeBoeuf, Whitney; Brumley, Benjamin; Perlman, Staci

2013-01-01

295

HIV/AIDS among African Americans and US women: minority and young women.  

PubMed

The HIV/AIDS pandemic continues to be a major health crisis facing the African American community. Although African Americans make up only about twelve percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for half of the new HIV infections reported in the United States in 2001. Numerous studies suggest that many new infections occur among young African Americans. In the early 1980s, HIV/AIDS was considered mostly a gay white male disease in the United States. Today, the pandemic has expanded and the disease is also a major health problem in the African American community, where men and women of every age and sexual orientation are affected. PMID:14752893

Brown, Geraldine

2003-01-01

296

Homeless In America, Homeless In California  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally believed that the increased incidence of homelessness in the United States has arisen from broad societal factors, such as changes in the institutionalization of the mentally ill, increases in drug addiction and alcohol usage, and so forth. This paper presents a comprehensive test of the alternate hypothesis that variations in homelessness arise from changed circumstances in the

John M. Quigley; Steven Raphael; Eugene Smolensky

2001-01-01

297

Prevalence of human papillomavirus infection among young women in North India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The number of women infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) and the distribution of the HPV genotypes vary across populations and with age. Objective: To determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV in young married women aged 16–24 years. Methods: 1300 women residing in an urban slum in Delhi donated samples of exfoliated cervical cells that were collected by

Palika Datta; Neerja Bhatla; Lalit Dar; A. Rajkumar Patro; Arti Gulati; Alka Kriplani; Neeta Singh

2010-01-01

298

Nontraditional, Nongender Stereotyped Experiences: Do They Make a Difference for Young Women?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What impact did a nontraditional work experience have on subsequent life decisions in older women's lives, and what can be learned from these experiences that could have an impact on the educational and career decisions of girls and young women? This paper presents data from a collaborative research project with a group of eight older adult women

Hensley, Beth H.

299

Syndemic Theory and HIV-Related Risk Among Young Transgender Women: The Role of Multiple, Co-Occurring Health Problems and Social Marginalization  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We assessed whether multiple psychosocial factors are additive in their relationship to sexual risk behavior and self-reported HIV status (i.e., can be characterized as a syndemic) among young transgender women and the relationship of indicators of social marginalization to psychosocial factors. Methods. Participants (n?=?151) were aged 15 to 24 years and lived in Chicago or Los Angeles. We collected data on psychosocial factors (low self-esteem, polysubstance use, victimization related to transgender identity, and intimate partner violence) and social marginalization indicators (history of commercial sex work, homelessness, and incarceration) through an interviewer-administered survey. Results. Syndemic factors were positively and additively related to sexual risk behavior and self-reported HIV infection. In addition, our syndemic index was significantly related to 2 indicators of social marginalization: a history of sex work and previous incarceration. Conclusions. These findings provide evidence for a syndemic of co-occurring psychosocial and health problems in young transgender women, taking place in a context of social marginalization. PMID:22873480

Brennan, Julia; Kuhns, Lisa M.; Johnson, Amy K.; Belzer, Marvin; Wilson, Erin C.

2012-01-01

300

Obesity, school obesity prevalence, and adolescent childbearing among U.S. young women  

PubMed Central

In the United States, adolescent obesity reduces young women’s odds of forming romantic and sexual partnerships but increases the likelihood of risky sexual behavior when partnerships occur. This led us to conduct a study examining the relationship between adolescent obesity and adolescent childbearing. Our study has two aims. We draw from prior research to develop and test competing hypotheses about the association between adolescent obesity and young women’s risk of an adolescent birth. Drawing from risk regulation theory, we also examine whether the association between obesity and young women’s risk of an adolescent birth may vary across high schools with different proportions of obese adolescents. Multilevel logistic regression models are used to analyze data from 4242 female students in 102 U.S. high schools who participated in Wave I (1994–1995) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Results are the first to show that obesity reduces female adolescents’ odds of childbearing, but that this association is not uniform across schools with different proportions of obese students. As the obesity prevalence in a school increases, so do obese young women’s odds of childbearing. We conclude that understanding whether and how obesity is associated with young women’s odds of having an adolescent birth requires attention to the weight context of high schools. PMID:23702216

Kane, Jennifer B.; Frisco, Michelle L.

2013-01-01

301

The New Homelessness Revisited  

PubMed Central

The ‘new homelessness’ has drawn sustained attention from scholars over the past three decades. Definitional inconsistencies and data limitations rendered early work during this period largely speculative in nature. Thanks to conceptual, theoretical, and methodological progress, however, the research literature now provides a fuller understanding of homelessness. Contributions by sociologists and other social scientists since the mid-1990s differentiate among types of homelessness, provide credible demographic estimates, and show how being homeless affects a person's life chances and coping strategies. Agreement also exists about the main macro- and micro-level causes of homelessness. Active lines of inquiry examine public, media, and governmental responses to the problem as well as homeless people's efforts to mobilize on their own behalf. Despite the obstacles faced when studying a stigmatized population marked by high turnover and weak anchors to place, recent investigations have significantly influenced homelessness policy. A greater emphasis on prevention should further strengthen the research-policy nexus. PMID:24910495

Lee, Barrett A.; Tyler, Kimberly A.; Wright, James D.

2014-01-01

302

What HIV-positive young women want from behavioral interventions: a qualitative approach.  

PubMed

Young women living with HIV in the United States face many social and psychological challenges, including involvement in health care and secondary prevention efforts. The factors that put these young women at risk for HIV acquisition initially, such as poverty, gender roles, cultural norms, and limited perceived control over sexual relationships, continue to place them at risk for both adverse mental and physical health outcomes that impact their daily lives and secondary prevention efforts. This study utilized focus groups with young HIV-positive women in order to better understand their perceived problems and pressures and to inform a developmentally appropriate secondary prevention intervention for young HIV-positive women that could be implemented in clinical care settings. Focus groups with young HIV-positive women were convened in three U.S. cities: Baltimore, Chicago, and Tampa. A total of 17 young, HIV-positive women, age range 17–24 (mean age=21), participated in the focus groups. This article describes the psychological and social challenges these young women face as well as their suggestions regarding secondary HIV prevention intervention components. PMID:22675725

Hosek, Sybil; Brothers, Jennifer; Lemos, Diana

2012-05-01

303

What HIV-Positive Young Women Want from Behavioral Interventions: A Qualitative Approach  

PubMed Central

Abstract Young women living with HIV in the United States face many social and psychological challenges, including involvement in health care and secondary prevention efforts. The factors that put these young women at risk for HIV acquisition initially, such as poverty, gender roles, cultural norms, and limited perceived control over sexual relationships, continue to place them at risk for both adverse mental and physical health outcomes that impact their daily lives and secondary prevention efforts. This study utilized focus groups with young HIV-positive women in order to better understand their perceived problems and pressures and to inform a developmentally appropriate secondary prevention intervention for young HIV-positive women that could be implemented in clinical care settings. Focus groups with young HIV-positive women were convened in three U.S. cities: Baltimore, Chicago, and Tampa. A total of 17 young, HIV-positive women, age range 17–24 (mean age=21), participated in the focus groups. This article describes the psychological and social challenges these young women face as well as their suggestions regarding secondary HIV prevention intervention components. PMID:22675725

Brothers, Jennifer; Lemos, Diana

2012-01-01

304

Individual and Situational Factors Related to Young Women’s Likelihood of Confronting Sexism in Their Everyday Lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors related to young women’s reported likelihood of confronting sexism were investigated. Participants were 338 U.S. female\\u000a undergraduates (M?=?19 years) attending a California university. They were asked to complete questionnaire measures and to write a personal\\u000a narrative about an experience with sexism. Approximately half (46%) the women reported confronting the perpetrator. Individual\\u000a factors (prior experience with sexism, feminist identification, collective action)

Melanie M. Ayres; Carly K. Friedman; Campbell Leaper

2009-01-01

305

PHYSIOLOGICAL DEMANDS OF YOUNG WOMEN'S COMPETITIVE GYMNASTIC ROUTINES  

PubMed Central

The objective of this study was to investigate the physiological indices of competitive routines in women's artistic gymnastics by characterizing post-exercise heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake (VO2) and peak blood lactate concentration (Lmax) in a group of eight young elite-oriented female gymnasts. HR was continuously monitored with Polar RS400 monitors during the test event simulating a competition environment. Within 5 s of the end of each routine, the breath-by-breath gas analyser mask was placed on the face to record VO2. VO2max was calculated by the backward extrapolation method of the VO2 recovery curve. Lmax was obtained during recovery (min 1, 3, 5, 7 and 10) subsequent to each event. One week later, HR, VO2 and Lmax were measured during an incremental continuous treadmill test. The treadmill test was confirmed as the assessment with the highest physiological demand. The gymnasts reached their highest values of HR (183-199 beats · min-1), VO2/Bm (33-44 ml · kg-1 · min-1) and Lmax (7-9 mmol · l-1) in the floor and uneven bars exercises. The vault was the event with the lowest HR (154-166 beats · min-1) and Lmax (2.4-2.6 mmol · l-1), and the balance beam had the lowest VO2 (27-35 ml · kg-1 · min-1). The mean relative peak intensities attained in the different events, which ranged from 65 to 85% of the individual VO2max and HRmax recorded in the laboratory, suggest that cardiorespiratory and metabolic demands are higher than previously indicated. The high percentage of VO2 measured, particularly after the floor event, suggests that aerobic power training should not be neglected in women's artistic gymnastics. PMID:25177100

Rodriguez, F.A.

2014-01-01

306

Increased Substance Use and Risky Sexual Behavior among Migratory Homeless Youth: Exploring the Role of Social Network Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Travelers are a migratory subgroup of homeless youth who may be especially prone to engaging in risky behavior. This study compared the substance use and sexual behavior of young homeless travelers and non-travelers to evaluate the extent and possible sources of travelers' increased risk. Data came from face-to-face interviews with 419 homeless

Martino, Steven C.; Tucker, Joan S.; Ryan, Gery; Wenzel, Suzanne L.; Golinelli, Daniela; Munjas, Brett

2011-01-01

307

Who's There to Help? Assessment of Social Supports Received by Homeless and Unaccompanied Youth in High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine how urban, young adults assessed received social supports (Vaux, 1988) during homelessness in high school. According to the National Alliance to End Homelessness (2007), approximately 1 to 1.5 million youth under the age of 18 in America experience at least one incident of homelessness each…

Brase, Monica Kay

2011-01-01

308

Perceived health status among the new urban homeless.  

PubMed

Homelessness may be the leading social problem in the United States in the mid 1980s. While there may be anywhere from 250,000 to three million homeless persons, few empirically based published studies are available concerning the correlates of mental and physical health status among the homeless. Los Angeles, where the present study was conducted, has been designated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to have one of the largest homeless populations (34,000-50,000) in the U.S. The current study is based on 269 in-depth interviews with homeless men and women in Los Angeles County, California. The homeless were found to be younger, better educated and disproportionately non-white compared to the profiles of the skidrow homeless of the past decades. Nearly half the men were veterans of military services, including 30% who were veterans of the Vietnam War. Respiratory infections and hypertension were the most prevalent health problems. The data suggest that a large segment of the homeless persons were depressed, 15.6% reported lifetime prevalence of hospitalization for emotional or nervous problems, and 12.6% reported hospitalization for substance abuse disorders. Multiple regression was utilized to test the validity of a perceived health status index as measured among the homeless and to identify the correlates of health. The health index reflect primarily an affliction by a chronic disease, the severity of an acute condition, the duration of depressed mood, and the alcoholism symptomatology. Length of unemployment, education, gender, and number of nights spent in a shelter were the best predictors of poor health in this population. Evidence from this study, as well as others, suggests that efforts should be made to avoid using the term homeless metaphorically. The causes of homelessness are multiple and complex and the resulting subgroups among the homeless population have different problems which require a variety of strategies to meet their needs. PMID:3603089

Ropers, R H; Boyer, R

1987-01-01

309

Helping the Homeless in School and Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

However much the recession might be receding, the effects remain deep and cruel to families living in poverty. Many have fallen through their communities' social safety nets. Today, families with young children comprise 41% of the nation's homeless population. According to the Institute of Children and Poverty, more than 1.35 million kids in the…

Holgersson-Shorter, Helena

2010-01-01

310

Attitudes Towards the Vaginal Ring and Transdermal Patch Among Adolescents and Young Women  

PubMed Central

Purpose The vaginal ring and the transdermal patch offer important contraceptive options for women at high risk of unintended pregnancy. Little is known about what adolescents and young women think about these methods and why use of the ring has been relatively low compared to the patch. We sought to examine young women’s attitudes and perceptions about the ring and the patch to better understand the relationship between perceptions of these methods and decisions to use them. Methods Sixteen focus groups of young women aged 15–26 years (n=113) from family planning clinics in the San Francisco Bay Area were convened. Data from the focus groups were analyzed using standard content analysis. Results While young women expressed apprehension and doubt about both methods, for the most part women expressed more positive attitudes about the patch. Two related themes for the ring and the patch were identified: “lack of trust in effectiveness,” and “method use concerns. Two themes unique to the ring: “concerns regarding vaginal insertion” and “sexual partner perceptions” and three themes unique to the patch: “ease of remembering”, “visibility issues”, and “perceived health risk” were identified. Conclusions Increased provider education about apprehensions related to the ring and the patch may lead to increased use of the ring and counter recent declines in use of the patch. It would be unfortunate if these safe and effective options for young women are underutilized because negative attitudes and perceptions about these methods act as barriers to adoption. PMID:19699422

Raine, Tina R.; Epstein, Laura B.; Harper, Cynthia C.; Brown, Beth A.; Boyer, Cherrie B.

2009-01-01

311

78 FR 18601 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/what_cdc_is_doing/conference...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those...

2013-03-27

312

77 FR 22788 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW); Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW); Correction Correction: This notice was published in the Federal Register on March...

2012-04-17

313

77 FR 68782 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) In accordance...http://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/what_cdc_is_doing/conference...activities designed to prevent breast cancer (particularly among those...

2012-11-16

314

78 FR 64504 - Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Disease Control and Prevention Advisory Committee on Breast Cancer in Young Women (ACBCYW) Cancellation: This notice...Federal Official, Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, CDC, 5770 Buford Hwy...

2013-10-29

315

The Continued Illegalization of Compassion: United States v. Millis and its Effects on Humanitarian Work with the Homeless  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year, more cities enact food sharing restrictions that punish individuals who try to feed the homeless. These laws are often part of a general scheme to solve a city’s homelessness problem by making life so unbearable for homeless men and women that they will be forced to move elsewhere. Humanitarian aid like food sharing, however, is a form of

Matthew M. Cummings

2011-01-01

316

The unique health needs of young women: application for occupational health professionals.  

PubMed

This article presents some alternate views on how young women maintain health and how occupational health nurses can intervene with illness. These interventions are based on relational theories that address the importance of healthy connections for health and growth, and propose disconnections as what (Miller & Stiver, 1977): underlies many of the problems common to women in particular, including depression, various forms of anxiety, eating problems, and so-called personality disorders." (p. 81) Interventions outlined include teaching young women and families how to deconstruct damaging media images and creating groups for young women or parents as a venue to learn (e.g., signs of healthy and unhealthy relationships and knowing how interaction in the group can be an intervention in itself). Offering parents and other adults support and resources to help them discuss health issues with young women will provide a way for young women to examine healthy choices more accurately. The occupational health nurse can teach the importance of keeping connected during an illness and refer clients to an EAP for additional support. Knowing that some young women do not have homes where they receive adequate safe and healthy messages reinforces the value of a nurse and managers to create a caring and respectful climate in the workplace. The effectiveness of applying relational theories to health care is evidenced when professionals offer young women a resonant relationship, with mutuality and respect which fosters a safe environment for voicing health concerns (Slater, Guthrie, & Boyd, 2001). Occupational health nurses can also make a difference for young women within their own communities. Whether taking social action in a town meeting, addressing media influences, writing a letter when offended, or supporting local and national girls' organizations, nurses' input is valuable. Interactions with girls outside the workplace are also important. Young women often consider relationships with the older women in their lives (e.g., mothers, aunts, parents for whom they babysit) to be among the most valuable. With cultural messages normalizing unhealthy behaviors and health consequences, young women can benefit greatly from their relationships with adult relatives and friends who care enough to stay connected. PMID:16097106

Graves, Virginia A

2005-07-01

317

The educational attainment of young women: Role model effects of female high school faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

To test for the presence of role model effects of female high school faculty and professional staff on young women in high\\u000a school, we estimate several models of educational attainment for young women using data from the National Longitudinal Survey\\u000a of Youth. Exposure to female high school faculty and professional staff has a positive impact on the educational attainment\\u000a of

Lucia A. Nixon; Michael D. Robinson

1999-01-01

318

Disordered eating behaviours and cognitions in young women with obesity: relationship with psychological status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To examine levels of eating disorder behaviours and cognitions of young women with obesity in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia and assess the impact upon psychological status.Design:General population cross-sectional survey.Subjects:A total of 4891 young women from the community aged 18–42 years, of which 630 were in the obese weight range.Measurements:Body mass index (BMI), eating disorder psychopathology (eating disorder examination questionnaire),

A Darby; P Hay; J Mond; B Rodgers; C Owen

2007-01-01

319

Comparison of Thermogenic Sympathetic Response to Food Intake between Obese and Non-obese Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Sympathetic nervous system abnormality in humans is still a matter of debate. The present study was designed to examine diet-induced autonomic nervous system activity and metabolic change in obese and non-obese young women.Research Methods and Procedures: Sixteen age- and height-matched obese and non-obese young women participated in this study. Sympathovagal activities were assessed by means of our newly developed

Tamaki Matsumoto; Chiemi Miyawaki; Hidetoshi Ue; Tomo Kanda; Yasuhide Yoshitake; Toshio Moritani

2001-01-01

320

women  

Microsoft Academic Search

background: More than 15 million women, many of reproductive age, were infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at the end of 2007. As the HIV epidemic evolves, heterosexual intercourse is increasingly risky: the risk of infection in exposed young women is 4- to 7-fold higher than in young men and nearly half a million newborns annually have HIV. This review

Oskari Heikinheimo; Pekka Lahteenmaki

2002-01-01

321

Weight Change and Depression Among US Young Women During the Transition to Adulthood  

PubMed Central

By using data from wave 2 (in 1996) and wave 3 (in 2000–2001) of the US-based National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we investigated the association between young women's body weight and depression during the transition to adulthood. Respondents (n = 5,243) were 13–18 years of age during wave 2 and 19–25 years of age during wave 3. We used Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale scores to classify young women as never depressed, consistently depressed, experiencing depression onset, or experiencing depression recovery from wave 2 to wave 3. Results from adjusted multinomial logistic regression models indicated that respondents who experienced significant weight gain were at risk of depression onset. Normal weight (adjusted odds ratio = 2.10, 95% confidence interval: 1.14, 3.84) and overweight (adjusted odds ratio = 1.86, 95% confidence interval: 1.15, 2.99) adolescent girls who were obese by young adulthood, as well as young women who were consistently obese during adolescence and young adulthood (adjusted odds ratio = 1.97, 95% confidence interval: 1.19, 3.26), had roughly twice the odds of depression onset as did young women who were never overweight. We concluded that weight gain and obesity are risk factors for depression onset during the transition to adulthood. Policies prioritizing healthy weight maintenance may help improve young women's mental health as they begin their adult lives. PMID:23752915

Frisco, Michelle L.; Houle, Jason N.; Lippert, Adam M.

2013-01-01

322

Losing Self to the Future? Young Women's Strategic Responses to Adulthood Transitions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The multiple and conflicting identity pressures that young women in western society face have been remarked upon in the literature. Adolescence is a time when identity development activity intensifies, and this process can present young people with challenges. In this paper a social constructionist and interpretive frame is applied to such…

Sanders, Jackie; Munford, Robyn

2008-01-01

323

Life Transitions and Mental Health in a National Cohort of Young Australian Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young adulthood, a time of major life transitions and risk of poor mental health, may affect emotional well-being throughout adult life. This article uses longitudinal survey data to examine young Australian women's transitions across 4 domains: residential independence, relationships, work and study, and motherhood. Changes over 3 years in…

Lee, Christiana; Gramotnev, Helen

2007-01-01

324

Transactional sex amongst young people in rural northern Tanzania: an ethnography of young women's motivations and negotiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Material exchange for sex (transactional sex) may be important to sexual relationships and health in certain cultures, yet the motivations for transactional sex, its scale and consequences are still little understood. The aim of this paper is to examine young women's motivations to exchange sex for gifts or money, the way in which they negotiate transactional sex throughout their

Joyce Wamoyi; Daniel Wight; Mary Plummer; Gerry Hilary Mshana; David Ross

2010-01-01

325

Correlates of service utilization among homeless youth  

PubMed Central

Though few studies exist on service utilization among homeless youth in the U.S., services are important because without them, many of these young people may resort to delinquent strategies in order to meet their daily survival needs. The current study examines frequency and correlates of service utilization (i.e., shelters, food programs, street outreach, counseling, STI and HIV testing) among a sample of 249 homeless youth ages 14 to 21. Multivariate analysis revealed significant differences in service usage by sex, age, and sexual orientation. Experiencing family physical and/or sexual abuse, being kicked out of the family home, spending more nights per week sleeping on the street, and having ever stayed in a group home facility were significant correlates of homeless youths’ service usage. PMID:24496226

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Akinyemi, Sarah L.; Kort-Butler, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

326

Adverse perinatal outcomes associated with homelessness and substance use in pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Women who are homeless during pregnancy may be exposed to poor nutrition, violence and substance use, yet the health status of their newborn infants has not been systematically evaluated. We undertook a study to provide preliminary estimates of the risk of adverse perinatal out- comes among Canadian women who are homeless or mar- ginally housed during pregnancy, and the

Merry Little; Rajiv Shah; Marian J. Vermeulen; Alice Gorman; Darlene Dzendoletas; Joel G. Ray

2005-01-01

327

As Time Goes by We Improve a Little More: Relationship Expectations of Young Women in Mexico  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this qualitative narrative study I explore expectations regarding male–female relationships and perceptions about intimate partner violence (IPV) with young urban women in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. Carol Gilligan's work informed the analysis of the narratives. Themes identified follow: violence at home, resistance, and relational autonomy. The collective story these women tell is that they are familiar with violence

Ruth Ann Belknap

2010-01-01

328

Physical activity recommendations and cardiovascular disease risk factors in young Hispanic women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the benefits associated with regular physical activity, there is little epidemiological evidence to support positive health outcomes when meeting physical activity guidelines in high-risk ethnic groups, such as Hispanic women. We compared cardiovascular disease risk factors between young Hispanic women who meet and those who do not meet current physical activity guidelines. Height, weight, waist circumference, and blood pressure

Chantal A. Vella; Diana Ontiveros; Raul Y. Zubia; Lance Dalleck

2011-01-01

329

Young Sexual Minority Women's Perceptions of Cross-Generational Friendships with Older Lesbians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perspectives on cross-generational friendships with older lesbians were explored using informal group interviews with two groups of young sexual minority women (N = 16), ages 15 to 25. A majority of the participants were women of color; all were regular members of weekly discussion groups at two lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered centers on the East Coast. About half of

Jeanne L. Stanley

2002-01-01

330

Robocamp: Encouraging Young Women to Embrace STEM Dr. Robert Akl, Associate Professor  

E-print Network

Robocamp: Encouraging Young Women to Embrace STEM Dr. Robert Akl, Associate Professor David Keathly-school women students that is described and evaluated herein. The Problem Strong math and science education in math and science achievement, point to an urgent need for improvements in the education process

Akl, Robert

331

Do Labor Market Opportunities Affect Young Women's Work and Family Decisions? Experimental Evidence from India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do labor market opportunities for women affect marriage and fertility decisions? We provided three years of recruiting services to help young women in randomly selected rural Indian villages get jobs in the business process outsourcing industry. Because the industry was so new at the time of the study, there was almost no awareness of these jobs, allowing us in effect

Robert Jensen

2012-01-01

332

Son preference and sterilisation use among young married women in two slums in Bengaluru city, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the ways in which women's sterilisation decisions are influenced by the combination of a preference for male children and a desire for smaller family size among young married women in two urban slums in Bengaluru, India. While both son preference and an emphasis on sterilisation are well-known demographic characteristics of most South Asian countries, relatively little research

Jeffrey Edmeades; Rohini Prabha Pande; Tina Falle; Suneeta Krishnan

2011-01-01

333

Prevalence and correlates of bacterial vaginosis among young women of reproductive age in Mysore, India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of abnormal vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age and is associated with STI\\/HIV and adverse birth outcomes. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of BV among young women of reproductive age in Mysore, India. Methods: Between October 2005 and December 2006, 898 sexually active

P Madhivanan; K Krupp; V Chandrasekaran; C Karat; A Arun; CR Cohen; AL Reingold; JD Klausner

2008-01-01

334

Emotion Communication Skills in Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed the effectiveness of an emotion induction procedure for the study of emotional communication in adults; we also gathered preliminary age-comparative data on the expressive and receptive capacities of a sample of adult women. Young, middle-aged, and older women (encoders) related emotional experiences following mood induction and then assessed the intensity of their affective experiences. Videotapes of these sessions

Carol Zander Malatesta; Carol E. Izard; Clayton Culver; Mark Nicolich

1987-01-01

335

Job Stability among Young Women: A Comparison of Traditional and Nontraditional Occupations. A Rand Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores young women's retention in sex-atypical jobs in the military and in civilian firms. It tests the hypothesis that women tend to leave stereotypically male jobs at higher rates than they leave stereotypically female jobs. The study models job turnover over a one-year period as a function of (1) the sex composition of an…

Waite, Linda J.; Berryman, Sue E.

336

Temporal Changes in Anthropometric Measurements of Idealized Females and Young Women in General  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the temporal anthropometric changes in idealized female body images in the media (i.e., Playboy magazine Playmates of the Year, Miss America Pageant Winners, and Fashion Models) and Young Women in general across eight decades. Overall, all anthropometric measures differed significantly over time. Body mass index (BMI) for all women in the idealized groups tended to decline significantly

Carol Byrd-Bredbenner; Jessica Murray; Yvette R. Schlussel

2005-01-01

337

Physical Activity in Women with Young Children: How Can We Assess “Anything That's Not Sitting”?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current physical activity (PA) questionnaires fail to assess accurately daily activities typically undertaken by women, particularly women with young children (WYC). The aims of this study were to explore perceptions of PA and daily activities, and to identify methods for improving self-report PA questionnaires for WYC. Data were collected from 69 WYC (mean age = 35 ± 5 yrs) via

Brianna S. Collins; Alison L. Marshall; Yvette D. Miller

2007-01-01

338

Managing Meaning and Belonging: Young Women's Negotiation of Authenticity in Body Art  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a common-sense ideology that appearance is vertically representative, in that the outer surface reflects the inner self. This paper explores the impact of this ideology on women's understandings of their Body Art. Meaning and belonging were identified as central themes in accounts produced from two focus groups with young women in Glasgow, Scotland who had piercings and tattoos.

Sarah C. E. Riley; Sharon Cahill

2005-01-01

339

Dietary Disinhibition, Perceived Stress, and Glucose Control in Young, Type 1 Diabetic Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examining the relationship of stress, dietary disinhibition, and blood glucose control in diabetic young women was the goal of this study. Sixty-five diabetic girls and women, ranging in age from 12 to 26 years, completed eating behaviors and perceived stress scales during regular clinic visits. Blood glucose control was assessed by concurrent glycosylated hemoglobin measurements. Multiple regression analyses indicated that

Louise Balfour; Donna Romano White; Alicia Schiffrin; Geoffrey Dougherty; Jackie Dufresne

1993-01-01

340

Body image as a leisure constraint: Examining the experience of aerobic exercise classes for young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research has shown that women, and especially young women, in this culture experience pressure to be thin. Although considerable research has been directed toward the investigation of body image and its relationship to psychological health and self?image, the impact of body image on leisure behavior has not been adequately addressed, nor has body image received much attention as a

C. Jody Frederick; Susan M. Shaw

1995-01-01

341

Orientation and Familiarization to 1RM Strength Testing in Old and Young Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared the number of testing sessions required to achieve consistent 1 repetition maximum (1RM) strength measurements in untrained old and young women. Participants were repeatedly strength-tested for bilateral concentric knee extension 1RM strength. Older women required significantly more testing sessions to achieve the same absolute…

Ploutz-Snyder, Lori L.; Giamis, E. L.

2001-01-01

342

Impact of Definition on Prevalence of Food Cravings in a Random Sample of Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of food cravings in a random sample of young women and to evaluate the impact of the definition used in food craving research. The Diagnostic interview for Genetic Studies and a questionnaire about food craving experiences were completed by 101 women aged between 18 and 45 years. Of this sample,

KELLY A. GENDALL; PETER R. JOYCE; PATRICK F. SULLIVAN

1997-01-01

343

Family planning (re)defined: how young Nepalese women understand and negotiate contraceptive choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominant framework of health communication constitutes family planning under the framework of Third World pathology, writing over the bodies of women of the Third with a script of modernity. This manuscript engages the culture-centered approach to co-construct the narratives of young Nepalese women living under poverty, seeking to create entry points for cultural voices that have been rendered silent

Iccha Basnyat; Mohan J. Dutta

2011-01-01

344

Young women's struggle for sexual agency: the role of parental messages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study examined 14 young women's view of their sexual agency and sexual experiences. In particular the women discuss the messages communicated about female sexuality from their parents. Previous research results were supported, such as that parents do not communicate about sex frequently, when they do refer to it they cover only limited topics and that mothers communicate more

Paige Averett; Mark Benson; Kourtney Vaillancourt

2008-01-01

345

Life-Course Pathways and the Psychosocial Adjustment of Young Adult Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined 7 life-course pathways from adolescence through the early adult years and their links with general health and psychosocial adjustment among 2,290 women from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. Young women who followed a pathway involving college attendance to full-time employment with no family-formation transitions…

Amato, Paul R.; Kane, Jennifer B.

2011-01-01

346

Working to Close the Gap: Identifying Predictors of HPV Vaccine Uptake among Young African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Factors associated with greater likelihood of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among women who experience excess cervical cancer incidence and mortality requires further study. The purpose of this study was to assess factors associated with HPV vaccine uptake among young African American women. Three hundred sixty-three African American women aged 18–26 were recruited from Historically Black Colleges\\/Universities to complete a questionnaire

Shalanda A. Bynum; Jelani C. Kerr; Michelle S. Williams; Patricia A. Sharpe; Heather M. Brandt

2011-01-01

347

Working to Close the Gap: Identifying Predictors of HPV Vaccine Uptake among Young African American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Factors associated with greater likelihood of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among women who experience excess cervical cancer incidence and mortality requires further study. The purpose of this study was to assess factors associated with HPV vaccine uptake among young African American women. Three hundred sixty-three African American women aged 18–26 were recruited from Historically Black Colleges\\/Universities to complete a questionnaire

Shalanda A. Bynum; Jelani C. Kerr; Michelle S. Williams; Patricia A. Sharpe; Heather M. Brandt

2011-01-01

348

Young Women's Narratives of Same-Sex Sexual Desire in Adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate young women's retrospective narratives of their experiences of same-sex sexual desire in adolescence. Seven women aged 19–25 were interviewed. An across-narrative analysis was conducted, producing five major themes. It is anticipated that this research will help to redress the missing discourse of desire in social constructions of younger women's sexuality and contribute

Corinne Logan; Marla Buchanan

2008-01-01

349

Factors influencing milk and milk product consumption in young and elderly women with low calcium intakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to investigate factors influencing milk and milk product consumption in young and elderly women consuming less than two-thirds of the RDA for calcium. Semi-structured, open-ended interviews were conducted with 71 women over 70 years and 22 women aged 19–23 years. Questions addressed changes in milk and milk product intake, and reasons for changes; perceptions

Caroline C. Horwath; Christine H. Govan; A. John Campbell; Wendy Busby; Vicky Scott

1995-01-01

350

Knowledge, attitudes and experiences of sex trafficking by young women in Benin City, South-South Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benin City, the headquarters of Edo State, is known to have one of the highest rates of international sex trafficking of young women in Nigeria. This study was designed to determine the knowledge, attitudes and experiences of young women in Benin City, towards international sex trafficking. A random household sample of 1456 women aged 15–25 years was interviewed with a

F. E. Okonofua; S. M. Ogbomwan; A. N. Alutu; Okop Kufre; Aghahowa Eghosa

2004-01-01

351

Masturbation among young women and associations with sexual health: an exploratory study.  

PubMed

Much research into young people's developing sexuality is concerned with risk avoidance and the reduction of negative outcomes. Little research has been conducted into sexual self-exploration and, in particular, masturbation among young people, and this has generally been concerned merely with its prevalence. Little is known about the potential role of masturbation in relation to young people's developing sexuality, especially among young women. This study aimed to explore, using a qualitative approach, how young women reported their experiences of masturbation and whether and how these related to other aspects of their sexual activity. Thematic analysis of interview transcripts was employed to identify the range of reported experiences across participants, as well as the relations between various aspects of sexual development and experiences within participants. The findings revealed a broad continuum of views and opinions on female masturbation, which had strong links with parent and partner communication and the young women's beliefs and values concerning their sexual selves. The article concludes by drawing attention to the apparent relation between positive early childhood communication, young women's positive views of their sexual self, and their subsequent sexual activity. PMID:19350442

Hogarth, Harriet; Ingham, Roger

2009-01-01

352

Physical and sexual violence and symptoms of gynaecological morbidity among married young women in India.  

PubMed

Evidence from India about young women's experience of physical and sexual violence within marriage and its sexual and reproductive health consequences is limited. Data, drawn from 12,220 married women ages 15-24 years old from six Indian states, were used to identify associations between the experience of violence and recent symptoms of gynaecological morbidity, using logistic regression analysis. Young women who had experienced physical, sexual, or both forms of violence in the 12 months preceding the interview were more likely than others to report symptoms of gynaecological morbidity (odds ratios, 1.8-2.1); associations were evident in all six states. However, associations were weak between those who had experienced violence earlier in marriage but not in the 12 months preceding the interview and those who had never experienced violence. Findings highlight the need for the health system to play a proactive role in recognising and responding to the needs of young women experiencing marital violence. PMID:24295049

Jejeebhoy, Shireen J; Santhya, K G; Acharya, Rajib

2013-01-01

353

Child Abuse in Young, HIV-Positive Women: Linkages to Risk  

PubMed Central

In this article we explore the lives of young women living with HIV who experienced physical and/or sexual abuse in childhood. Using a modified version of the Life Story Interview, 40 women recruited from HIV clinics in three different states participated in a qualitative interview. Interviews covered abuse experiences, cognitive and emotional consequences of abuse, coping strategies, and sexual behavior and relationships. Overall, these young women had complex abuse histories, often experiencing more than one type of abuse in the context of other difficult life events. Avoidance and substance use were frequently utilized as coping strategies for abuse-related distress. Young women reported sexual and relationship concerns, including avoidance of sex, sexual dysfunction, sex as a trigger for abuse memories, and difficulty establishing intimacy and trust. Relationships between abuse-related reactions and sexual risk behavior, as well as recommendations for interventions, are discussed. PMID:19949224

Clum, Gretchen A.; Andrinopoulos, Katherine; Muessig, Kathryn; Ellen, Jonathan M.

2010-01-01

354

Homelessness: A General Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains documents that provide general information about homelessness and the need for both Federal and local action to help the homeless people in America. Sections 1 and 2 contain the following articles released by the Homelessness Information Exchange: (1) "The Problem of Homelessness Nationwide"; and "Alternative Family Housing…

Homelessness Exchange, Washington, DC.

355

Homeless in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way public authorities presently define the homeless in the United States carries forward a complex historical legacy. The causal and moral assessments of the homeless, grounded in the work ethic of our capitalist society, have left behind four interpretations of the homeless as vagrant, deviant, sick or victim. Analysis of recent studies of the homeless, while uncovering the presence

Charles Hoch

1986-01-01

356

The Rights of Homeless Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents information concerning homelessness and the education of homeless children nationwide and in Illinois. Estimates of the number of homeless children vary widely. Reasons for homeless children's failure to attend school include school residency requirements, delays in transfer of documents, and lack of transportation. The…

Strong, Penny

357

Treatment of breast cancer in young women: do we need more aggressive therapies?  

PubMed

Breast cancer diagnosed in young patients has been reported to have a more aggressive biologic behaviour and to be associated with a more unfavorable prognosis compared with the disease in older patients. However controversies exist regarding the optimal treatment and if more aggressive therapies are really crucial in this population. Very young women with this disease are faced with personal, family, professional, and quality-of-life issues that further complicate the phase of treatment decision-making. Moreover it's mandatory in young patients to consider the impact of acute but also late toxicities in relation to long life-expectancy, too. Dose-dense and high-dose chemotherapy are two examples of more aggressive therapies that failed to show a clear beneficial in a feasible way compared to standard regimens also in young patients. The benefit evidenced in patients with ER-positive disease raises the hypothesis that efficacy of dose-intensive chemotherapy might simply be related to its endocrine effects. The study of the biology and of the oncogenic pathways should be a research priority so to aid management of young patients with breast cancer, and more important, to better tailor treatments that could be offered to young women or, simply to use better the modalities available today. For the time being, young age alone should not be a reason to prescribe more aggressive therapies and there are no evidence to recommend a specific chemotherapy regimen for young women. PMID:23819027

Cancello, Giuseppe; Montagna, Emilia

2013-06-01

358

Homelessness in California  

E-print Network

among the poor--is forcing lower-income families to "buy down" as a result of higher housing prices--California. 2. Homeless persons--Housing--California. 3. Homeless persons--Services for--California. 4. Low-income housing-- California. 5. Housing policy--California. I. Raphael, Steven, 1968­. II. Smolensky, Eugene. III

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

359

TRANSITIONAL SETTLEMENTS Planning Homeless  

E-print Network

TRANSITIONAL SETTLEMENTS 1 Planning Homeless Settlement Communities Western Washington University- came clear that their presence among us was not the result of some aberration in the socio- economic the living conditions faced by our fellow citizens who live in Homeless camps, public resources are necessary

Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

360

Life Shocks and Homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

We exploit an exogenous health shock—the birth of a child with a severe health condition—to investigate the causal effect of a life shock on homelessness. Using survey data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing study that have been augmented with information from hospital medical records, we find that the health shock increases the likelihood of homelessness three years later,

Marah A. Curtis; Hope Corman; Kelly Noonan; Nancy Reichman

2011-01-01

361

Homeless Families and Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

ublic concern about homelessness in the United States has increased in recent years. A late 1995 Gallup poll found that 86% of Americans feel sympathy for the homeless, and 33% report that they feel more sympathy now than they did five years ago. According to the same poll, one reason for this apparent increase in sympathy is that 17% of

Eugene M. Lewit; Linda Schuurmann Baker; Linda Schuurmann

362

SPRING 2004 the Homeless  

E-print Network

TrumanScholarship,establishedbytheUnitedStatesCongressin1975asamemo- rialtoHarryS.Truman.Witha$26SPRING 2004 Hope for the Homeless U of M Alumni Making a Difference #12;Above: Spring and all its play key roles in getting homeless people back on track as Memphis and Shelby County push to end

Dasgupta, Dipankar

363

Homeless service Utilization report  

E-print Network

Utilization Report to present a data-based perspective on the state's homeless people. Since 2006, there has been a significant increase in funds and facilities for the homeless: 601 new units of transitional the state's current inventory to a total of 1,188 units and 785 beds. Moreover, 110 new beds on Maui and 24

364

Intellectual Disability and Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association between poverty and intellectual disability (ID) has been well documented. However, little is known about persons with ID who face circumstances of extreme poverty, such as homelessness. This paper describes the situation of persons with ID who were or are homeless in Montreal and are currently receiving services from a…

Mercier, C.; Picard, S.

2011-01-01

365

Lost in translation: Why civic online efforts in Britain have failed to engage young women from low socioeconomic backgrounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Politicians, academia and media are concerned about young people’s apparent disengagement from institutional politics. To address this malaise, politicians have invited young citizens to join the public sphere through civic websites — with mixed results. Among young people in Britain, young women from low socioeconomic status backgrounds are among the least politically engaged. They use new media differently than other

Anne Geniets

2010-01-01

366

Bone mineral loss in young women with amenorrhoea  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To examine the impact of amenorrhoea on bone mineral density in women of reproductive age. DESIGN--Cross sectional study of 200 amenorrhoeic women compared with normally menstruating controls. SETTING--Teaching hospital outpatient clinic specialising in reproductive medicine. SUBJECTS--200 Women aged 16-40 with a past or current history of amenorrhoea from various causes and of a median duration of three years, and a

M C Davies; M L Hall; H S Jacobs

1990-01-01

367

Characteristics of Telephone Applicants to a Residential Rehabilitation Program for Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study gathered descriptive data on 163 individuals who applied by telephone to a residential rehabilitation program for homeless veterans and compared these data with general veteran and homeless populations. Ss were a young (M = 40.82 years) and educated (M = 13.34 years of schooling) subgroup of homeless men (98.16%) with histories of relatively high, stable functioning (e.g., previous

Andrea L. Seidner; Thomas A. Burling; Lisa M. Fisher; T. Richard Blair

1990-01-01

368

Take the sex out of STI screening! Views of young women on implementing chlamydia screening in General Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Australia is developing a chlamydia screening program. This study aimed to determine the attitudes of young women to the introduction of chlamydia screening in Australian General Practice. METHODS: In-depth face-to-face interviews with 24 young women from across Victoria, Australia, attending a randomly selected sample of general practices. RESULTS: Young women reported that they would accept age-based screening for chlamydia

Natasha L Pavlin; Rhian Parker; Christopher K Fairley; Jane M Gunn; Jane Hocking

2008-01-01

369

The prevalence and determinants of sexual violence against young married women by husbands in rural Nepal  

PubMed Central

Background Sexual violence within marriage is a public health and human rights issue; yet it remains a much neglected research area, especially in Nepal. This paper represents one of the first attempts to quantify the extent of sexual violence and its determinants among young married women in Nepal. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1,296 married women aged 15–24?years in four major ethnic groups in rural Nepal. The survey data were used to estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of sexual violence. The relative importance of different correlates of sexual violence in the past 12?months at the individual, household and community levels were examined by using a multi-level multivariate statistical approach. Results Of the young women surveyed 46% had experienced sexual violence at some point and 31% had experienced sexual violence in the past 12?months. Women’s autonomy was found to be particularly protective against sexual violence both at the individual and community level. Women’s educational level was not found to be protective, while the educational level of the husband was found to be highly protective. Conclusions The high prevalence of sexual violence against young women by husbands found in this study is a matter for serious concern and underscores the need for a comprehensive response by policymakers. PMID:22695085

2012-01-01

370

Intersection of suicidality and substance abuse among young Asian-American women: implications for developing interventions in young adulthood  

PubMed Central

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of the current literature uncovering specific factors associated with self-harm and suicidality among young Asian American women, as well as to present the Fractured Identity Model as a framework for understanding these factors. This paper offers concrete suggestions for the development of culturally competent interventions to target suicidality, substance abuse, and mental illness among young Asian American women. Design/methodology/approach Empirical studies and theory-based papers featured in peer-reviewed journals between 1990 and 2014 were identified through scholarly databases, such as PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, JSTOR, and Google Scholar. Findings We identified several factors associated with suicidality among young Asian American women: (1) family dynamics, or having lived in a household where parents practice “disempowering parenting styles,” (2) substance use/abuse, and (3) untreated mental illness(es), which are exacerbated by the stigma and shame attached to seeking out mental health services. The Fractured Identity Model by Hahm et al. (2014) is presented as a possible pathway from disempowering parenting to suicidal and self-harm behaviors among this population, with substance abuse playing a significant mediating role. Research limitations/implications – Our review focused on Asian American women, substance use among Asian Americans, and mental health among Asian Americans. Literature that focused on Asians living in Asia or elsewhere outside of the USA was excluded from this review; the review was limited to research conducted in the USA and written in the English language. Practical implications The complex interplay among Asian American culture, family dynamics, gender roles/expectations, and mental health justifies the development of a suicide and substance abuse intervention that is tailored to the culture- and gender-specific needs of Asian Pacific Islander young women. It is imperative for professionals in the fields of public health, mental health, medicine, and substance abuse to proactively combat the “model minority” myth and to design and implement interventions targeting family dynamics, coping with immigration/acculturative stresses, mental illnesses, suicidal behaviors, and substance abuse among Asian-American populations across the developmental lifespan. Originality/value This paper provides specific suggestions for interventions to adequately respond to the mental health needs of young Asian-American women. These include addressing the cultural stigma and shame of seeking help, underlying family origin issues, and excessive alcohol and drug use as unsafe coping, as well as incorporating empowerment-based and mind-body components to foster an intervention targeting suicidality among Asian-American women in early adulthood. PMID:25031627

Hahm, Hyeouk Chris; Chang, Stephanie Tzu-Han; Tong, Hui Qi; Meneses, Michelle Ann; Yuzbasioglu, Rojda Filiz; Hien, Denise

2014-01-01

371

Position-Specific HIV Risk in a Large Network of Homeless Youths  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined interconnections among runaway and homeless youths (RHYs) and how aggregated network structure position was associated with HIV risk in this population. Methods. We collected individual and social network data from 136 RHYs. On the basis of these data, we generated a sociomatrix, accomplished network visualization with a “spring embedder,” and examined k-cores. We used multivariate logistic regression models to assess associations between peripheral and nonperipheral network position and recent unprotected sexual intercourse. Results. Small numbers of nominations at the individual level aggregated into a large social network with a visible core, periphery, and small clusters. Female youths were more likely to be in the core, as were youths who had been homeless for 2 years or more. Youths at the periphery were less likely to report unprotected intercourse and had been homeless for a shorter duration. Conclusions. HIV risk was a function of risk-taking youths' connections with one another and was associated with position in the overall network structure. Social network–based prevention programs, young women's housing and health programs, and housing-first programs for peripheral youths could be effective strategies for preventing HIV among this population. PMID:22095350

Barman-Adhikari, Anamika; Milburn, Norweeta G.; Monro, William

2012-01-01

372

Fertility Preservation in Young Women Undergoing Breast Cancer Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer accounts for one third of all neoplasms seen in reproductive-age women and affects tens of thousands of women each year in that age group. The adjuvant chemotherapy regimens used for the treat- ment commonly affect fertility and cause premature ovarian failure. There have been recent advances in the field of fertility preservation, which can allow many of these

Murat Sonmezer; Kutluk Oktay

373

Computer Equity for Young Women in Rural Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes four external and internal barriers regarding computer literacy that are limiting rural women: institutionalized sexism, females' negative self-concepts concerning computer technology, lack of knowledge about the technology, and rural women's sex-stereotyped attitudes about computer-related careers. Outlines actions rural schools can…

Mathews, Walter M.; Winkle, Linda Wyrick

1982-01-01

374

Temporal changes in anthropometric measurements of idealized females and young women in general.  

PubMed

This study examined the temporal anthropometric changes in idealized female body images in the media (i.e., Playboy magazine Playmates of the Year, Miss America Pageant winners, and fashion models) and young women in general across eight decades. Overall, all anthropometric measures differed significantly over time. BMI for all women in the idealized groups tended to decline significantly over time, while the BMI for YoungWomen increased significantly. Models tended to have the smallest bust and hips, Playmates the largest bust, and young women in general the largest waist and hips. The general trend for all groups was to move from a less curvaceous body shape in the early part of the twentieth century to a more curvaceous shape at mid-century and returning to a less curvaceous shape at the end of the century. Idealized women have a body size unlike that of Young Women and the chasm between the media- defined ideal and reality is continuing to diverge. PMID:16219585

Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Murray, Jessica; Schlussel, Yvette R

2005-01-01

375

Romance and sex: pre-marital partnership formation among young women and men, Pune district, India.  

PubMed

Using qualitative and survey data in a rural and an urban slum setting in Pune district, India, this paper describes patterns of pre-marital romantic partnerships among young people aged 15-24, in spite of norms that discourage opposite-sex interaction before marriage. 25-40% of young men and 14-17% of young women reported opposite-sex friends. Most young people devised strategies to interact with others, largely from the same neighbourhood. There were wide gender differences with regard to making or receiving romantic proposals, having a romantic partner and experiencing hand-holding, kissing and sexual relations. For those who engaged in sexual relations, the time from the onset of the partnership to having sexual relations was short. Sex most often took place without protection or communication, and for a disturbing minority of young women only after persuasion or without consent. Among those who were unmarried, a large percentage had expected to marry their romantic partner, but for a third of young women and half of young men the relationship had been discontinued. Partnership formation often leads to physical intimacy, but intimacy should be wanted, informed and safe. Findings call for programmes that inform youth in non-threatening, non-judgmental and confidential ways, respect their sexual rights and equip them to make safe choices and negotiate wanted outcomes. PMID:17101433

Alexander, Mallika; Garda, Laila; Kanade, Savita; Jejeebhoy, Shireen; Ganatra, Bela

2006-11-01

376

Factors affecting decision making of low-income young women with unplanned pregnancies in Bangkok, Thailand.  

PubMed

Unplanned pregnancy is one of the most difficult life experiences for young women. Women are often confused and seek help and support. When the problem occurs, a woman has three choices: parenting the baby, planning for adoption, or terminating the pregnancy. Choosing one of these three options is often difficult. This study aimed to identify the factors (variables) influencing women's decision making when choosing the options available to them. The study was conducted in five shelters and low-income communities in the Bangkok area. Data were collected for five months, November 2003 to March 2004. Young women, age 13-24, who experienced an unplanned pregnancy at least once, or currently experiencing an unplanned pregnancy, were recruited into the study. One hundred and twenty volunteer cases were recruited. Discriminant analysis was used to determine the factors that affecting the choices of young women with unplanned pregnancies. There were 6 potential influencing variables, in three broad categories of factors that influenced their choices. In this study, the influencing factors from the personal history variables were, age of the most recent unplanned pregnancy. The individual psychosocial variables were: attitude towards unplanned pregnancy, attitude towards contraception, and making a decision without consultation. The relationship variables were: relationship with partner, and consulting partner when having a problem. The results from discriminant analysis yielded 68.3% predictive accuracy. This result was satisfactory compared with a 33% chance of accuracy (classified as chance alone would yield a 33% accuracy). Knowing the influencing factors for the choices of young women with unplanned pregnancies allows us to understand the women's decisions and their utilization of services with some degree of confidence. The program managers or implementers should do as much as possible to support the decision making process in these young women in order to provide better information and services to reduce the impact, both physical and mental, of the selected choice. PMID:16124455

Naravage, Wanapa; Vichit-Vadakan, Nuntavarn; Sakulbumrungsil, Rungpetch C; Van der Putten, Marc

2005-05-01

377

Influence of a support group for young women with disabilities on sense of belonging.  

PubMed

Women and girls with disabilities face obstacles to community participation and social acceptance. Consequently, as adolescent women with disabilities mature into adulthood, they may have difficulty feeling that they belong both in the general community and in the community of all women. The positive impact of peer support groups for young women with disabilities on their sense of belonging has been underinvestigated. We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with 9 members of a well-established empowerment support group for young women with disabilities to explore how the group might foster a sense of belonging to the general community as well as a sense of shared womanhood. Results revealed that self-confidence and disability pride stemming from participation in the group were essential in helping the women counteract exclusionary messages from the outside world. The group provided an opportunity to develop a positive disability identity and to gain new information regarding the ability and right to identify as women. Reciprocal bonds with other group members helped cultivate feelings of belonging. In turn, the women communicated their empowered identities and the disability rights information they learned in the group to their friends, family, and community members. The group offered the women various platforms to assert their right to belong and, therefore, to participate in the world as women and as independent members of their broader communities. These results show how peer support groups for young women with disabilities can positively influence their sense of belonging both within the group and in the world outside the group. PMID:24660692

Mejias, Norma J; Gill, Carol J; Shpigelman, Carmit-Noa

2014-04-01

378

A risk-amplification model of victimization and depressive symptoms among runaway and homeless adolescents.  

PubMed

This report is an examination of a theoretical model of risk amplification within a sample of 255 homeless and runaway adolescents. The young people were interviewed on the streets and in shelters in urban centers of four Midwestern states. Separate models were examined for males (n = 102) and females (n = 153). Results indicated that street experiences such as affiliation with deviant peers, deviant subsistence strategies, risky sexual behaviors, and drug and/or alcohol use amplified the effects of early family abuse on victimization and depressive symptoms for young women. These street adaptations significantly increased the likelihood of serious victimization over and above the effects of early family history for both young men and women. Similarly, street behaviors and experiences increased the likelihood of depressive symptoms for young women over the effects of early family abuse, but not for young men. The risk-amplification model from the life course theoretical perspective is discussed as an example of the cumulative continuity of maladaptive behaviors. PMID:10425702

Whitbeck, L B; Hoyt, D R; Yoder, K A

1999-04-01

379

Model program to improve care for a unique cancer population: young women with breast cancer.  

PubMed

Young women with breast cancer face a variety of problems unique to or accentuated by their age. Attention to these concerns is warranted, yet research has revealed inadequacies in care and that the needs of these patients are not being met. To address these critical issues, we have developed a comprehensive program to provide additional support and education for young women with breast cancer and their providers. On the basis of the preliminary success of the program, we have developed and pilot tested an exportable version that may serve as a national model for care of this unique population. We believe this work will not only improve care for young women with breast cancer, but also may serve as a paradigm to overcome barriers to delivering optimal care for unique groups of patients in other settings. PMID:23277772

Partridge, Ann H; Ruddy, Kathryn J; Kennedy, Jamie; Winer, Eric P

2012-09-01

380

Intergenerational Systems Theory and Identity Development in Young Adult Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored via questionnaires how intergenerational family systems theory is related to identity development in 164 undergraduate women. Found intergenerational factors of intimacy, intimidation, and individuation along with autonomy versus fusion, contributed variance to various identity statuses. (Author/DLH)

Perosa, Linda M.; Perosa, Sandra L.; Tam, Hak Ping

2002-01-01

381

Disordered eating among young Jewish American women: exploring religion's role  

E-print Network

There has been little scientific work exploring eating pathology among Jewish women in the United States, even though research has suggested that body image and eating behavior may be especially problematic within this group. Research has also...

Tartakovsky, Margarita

2009-05-15

382

Recognizing the Needs of the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes reports and research on the homeless in the United States, presents findings of a survey of Red Cross chapters on services to the homeless, and describes programs for the homeless of selected Red Cross chapters. Section 1 discusses definitions of homelessness and methodologies used to count homeless people. The homeless are…

France, Joseph B.

383

Recruitment and retention of young women into nutrition research studies: practical considerations  

PubMed Central

Background Successful recruitment and retention of participants into research studies is critical for optimising internal and external validity. Research into diet and lifestyle of young women is important due to the physiological transitions experienced at this life stage. This paper aims to evaluate data related to recruitment and retention across three research studies with young women, and present practical advice related to recruiting and retaining young women in order to optimise study quality within nutrition research. Methods Recruitment and retention strategies used in three nutrition studies that targeted young women (18 to 35 years) were critiqued. A randomised controlled trial (RCT), a crossover validation study and a cross-sectional survey were conducted at the University of Newcastle, Australia between 2010 and 2013Successful recruitment was defined as maximum recruitment relative to time. Retention was assessed as maximum participants remaining enrolled at study completion. Results Recruitment approaches included notice boards, web and social network sites (Facebook and Twitter), with social media most successful in recruitment. The online survey had the highest recruitment in the shortest time-frame (751 participants in one month). Email, phone and text message were used in study one (RCT) and study two (crossover validation) and assisted in low attrition rates, with 93% and 75.7% completing the RCT and crossover validation study respectively. Of those who did not complete the RCT, reported reasons were: being too busy; and having an unrelated illness. Conclusion Recruiting young women into nutrition research is challenging. Use of social media enhances recruitment, while Email, phone and text message contact improves retention within interventions. Further research comparing strategies to optimise recruitment and retention in young women, including flexible testing times, reminders and incentives is warranted. PMID:24433229

2014-01-01

384

HIV Risk, Partner Violence, and Relationship Power Among Filipino Young Women: Testing a Structural Model  

PubMed Central

A person’s ability to minimize HIV risk is embedded in a complex, multidimensional context. In this study, we tested a model of how relationship power impacts IPV victimization, which in turn impacts HIV risk behaviors. We analyzed data from 474 young adult women (aged 15–31) in Cebu Province, Philippines, using structural equation modeling, and demonstrated good fit for the models. High relationship power is directly associated with increased IPV victimization, and IPV victimization is positively associated with increased HIV risk. We highlight in this article the complex dynamics to consider in HIV risk prevention among these young women. PMID:22420674

LUCEA, MARGUERITE B.; HINDIN, MICHELLE J.; KUB, JOAN; CAMPBELL, JACQUELYN C.

2012-01-01

385

Autonomic responsiveness to acute cold exposure in obese and non-obese young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Conflicting results have emerged over the nature of autonomic nervous system abnormalities in human obesity. This present study was designed to investigate the sympatho-vagal activities and their responsiveness to acute cold exposure in age- and height-matched obese and non-obese young women.SUBJECTS: Twenty-four age- and height-matched obese (Weight: 68.1±2.64 kg, BMI: 26.3±0.74 kg\\/m2, %Fat: 39.9± 1.23%) and non-obese young women

T Matsumoto; T Miyawaki; H Ue; T Kanda; C Zenji; T Moritani

1999-01-01

386

Correlates of intimate partner physical violence among young reproductive age women in Mysore, India.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined intimate partner physical violence (IPPV) in south India. This article examines the frequency and correlates of IPPV among 898 young married women from urban, rural, and periurban areas of Mysore, India. Most (69.2%) of the participants were Hindus and 28.7% were Muslims. Overall, 50% of participants reported some type of IPPV. Factors that were independently associated with IPPV included being younger than 18 years at the time of marriage, contributing some household income, having anal sex, reporting sexual violence, and having a sex partner who drinks alcohol and smokes cigarettes. Women with skilled occupation were at reduced odds of experiencing IPPV compared with women who did not work. These findings suggest that IPPV is highly prevalent in this setting and that additional interventions are needed to reduce morbidity particularly among young women. These data also suggest that more studies are needed among men who perpetrate IPPV in south India. PMID:22186382

Madhivanan, Purnima; Krupp, Karl; Reingold, Arthur

2014-03-01

387

Young Sexual Minority Women's Perceptions of Cross-Generational Friendships with Older Lesbians.  

PubMed

Abstract Perspectives on cross-generational friendships with older lesbians were explored using informal group interviews with two groups of young sexual minority women (N = 16), ages 15 to 25. A majority of the participants were women of color; all were regular members of weekly discussion groups at two lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered centers on the East Coast. About half of the young women were interested in having friendships with older lesbians, citing the importance of such relationships for helping younger women cope with coming out, providing a sense of community, and serving as role models and mentors. Others were less interested in becoming friends with older lesbians, citing the generation gap as being an insurmountable obstacle. The participants also perceived that many older lesbians were not interested in cross-generational friendships. Ways to create opportunities for forming cross-generational friendships were identified. PMID:24803056

Stanley, Jeanne L

2002-01-01

388

Cardiac abnormalities in young women with anorexia nervosa.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To identify the characteristics of cardiac involvement in the self-induced starvation phase of anorexia nervosa. METHODS--Doppler echocardiographic indices of left ventricular geometry, function, and filling were examined in 21 white women (mean (SD) 22 (5) years) with anorexia nervosa according to the DSMIII (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) criteria, 19 women (23 (2) years) of normal weight, and 22 constitutionally thin women (21 (4) years) with body mass index < 20. RESULTS--13 patients (62%) had abnormalities of mitral valve motion compared with one normal weight woman and two thin women (p < 0.001) v both control groups). Left ventricular chamber dimension and mass were significantly less in women with anorexia nervosa than in either the women of normal weight or the thin women, even after standardisation for body size or after controlling for blood pressure. There were no substantial changes in left ventricular shape. Midwall shortening as a percentage of the values predicted from end systolic stress was significantly lower in the starving patients than in women of normal weight: when endocardial shortening was used as the index this difference was overestimated. The cardiac index was also significantly reduced in anorexia nervosa because of a low stroke index and heart rate. The total peripheral resistance was significantly higher in starving patients than in both control groups. The left atrial dimension was significantly smaller in anorexia than in the women of normal weight and the thin women, independently of body size. The transmitral flow velocity E/A ratio was significantly higher in anorexia than in both the control groups because of the reduction of peak velocity A. When data from all three groups were pooled the flow velocity E/A ratio was inversely related to left atrial dimension (r = -0.43, p < 0.0001) and cardiac output (r = -0.64, p < 0.0001) independently of body size. CONCLUSIONS--Anorexia nervosa caused demonstrable abnormalities of mitral valve motion and reduced left ventricular mass and filling associated with systolic dysfunction. PMID:8142200

de Simone, G.; Scalfi, L.; Galderisi, M.; Celentano, A.; Di Biase, G.; Tammaro, P.; Garofalo, M.; Mureddu, G. F.; de Divitiis, O.; Contaldo, F.

1994-01-01

389

The link between substance use and reproductive health service utilization among young U.S. women  

PubMed Central

Background We sought to investigate associations between young women's use of alcohol and other substances and their sexual and reproductive health (SRH) service utilization. Methods We used data from 4,421 young women ages 15-24yrs in the nationally-representative study, National Survey of Family Growth, 2002-2008. We examined frequency of tobacco, alcohol, marijuana and illicit drug use and SRH service use in the past year with logistic regression. Results Over half (59%) young women used SRH services including contraception (48%), gynecological exam (47%), and STI testing/treatment (17%) services. Proportions of SRH service use increased with higher frequencies of substance use (all p-values<0.001); service use was particularly common among daily substance users (range: 72% of daily marijuana users to 83% of daily binge drinkers). In multivariable analyses, associations between substance and SRH service use varied by substance and service type: weekly marijuana (OR 2.5,CI 1.4-4.3,p=0.002) and alcohol (OR 1.7,CI 1.1-2.4,p=0.01) use were positively associated with gynecological service use. All substances were positively associated with STI service use. However, daily smoking was negatively associated with contraceptive service use (OR 0.6,CI 0.4-0.8,p=0.001). Conclusion SRH service use was common among women reporting frequent substance use. SRH settings provide an opportunity to deliver substance use screening and preventive care to young women. PMID:23844960

Hall, Kelli Stidham; Moreau, Caroline; Trussell, James

2013-01-01

390

Use of the Carolina HPV Immunization Attitudes and Beliefs Scale (CHIAS) in Young Adult Women  

PubMed Central

Background Validated measures that can accurate describe young adults’ HPV vaccination attitudes and how these relate to vaccination intention and receipt are needed for developing interventions to improve low HPV vaccination levels. The Carolina HPV Immunization Attitudes Scale (CHIAS) is a validated measure of these outcomes that was originally designed for parents. Objective To assess the performance of the CHIAS among young adult women using an exploratory factor analysis. Methods A convenience sample of 139 young adult women (age 18–26 years) were given the CHIAS measure at baseline. Factor analysis was used to determine attitudinal factor groupings and the association of these factors with HPV vaccination intention. A 6-month follow up assessment examined the stability of the CHIAS over time and the association of baseline vaccine factors with vaccine receipt. Results Five factors loaded on to the CHIAS in young adults - “Barriers,” “Harms,” “Effectiveness,” “Risk Denial” and “Uncertainty,” - which was similar to the factor loadings of CHIAS for parents. “Harms” was the factor most consistently associated with vaccination intention at all time points assessed. Only 5 women had received or made an appointment to receive the vaccine at the 6-month follow-up. Conclusions In terms of categorizing HPV vaccination attitudes, the CHIAS appears to have similar performance among young adults as in parents. However, additional studies are needed to assess the utility of the CHIAS for predicting HPV vaccine receipt among the young adult population. PMID:24945630

Dempsey, Amanda F.; Fuhrel-Forbis, Andrea; Konrath, Sara

2014-01-01

391

How Runaway and Homeless Youth Navigate Troubled Waters: The Role of Formal and Informal Helpers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most adolescents navigate the transition from adolescence to young adulthood with relative success. However, runaway and homeless youth experience formidable obstacles in their paths and engage in dangerous behaviors that threaten their well being and long-term prospects. This study is part of a larger exploratory research effort aimed at understanding how runaway and homeless adolescents navigate the troubled waters of

P. David Kurtz; Elizabeth W. Lindsey; Sara Jarvis; Larry Nackerud

2000-01-01

392

Undertaking Qualitative Research amongst Homeless Populations in the UK - Contrasting Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is in three parts. The first part briefly discusses the impact of qualitative methods on homelessness research in the UK. The second describes a particular ten-year research programme into the family background of homeless young people and discusses the relationship between qualitative research and quantitative research in this programme. The third part describes an alternative approach to researching

Joan Smith; Megan Ravenhill

393

Pathways In and Out of Substance Use among Homeless-Emerging Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although high rates of alcohol and drug use have been found among homeless young people, less is known about who is responsible for their initiation, the reasons for their continued use, and why some individuals eventually transition out of using whereas others do not. Based on qualitative interviews with 40 homeless individuals 19 to 21 years of…

Tyler, Kimberly A.; Johnson, Katherine A.

2006-01-01

394

A Home Away: Meeting the Needs of Infants, Toddlers, and Families Experiencing Homelessness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families are one of the fastest-growing groups affected by homelessness in the U.S. Very young children are profoundly affected by the loss of a consistent living situation, most especially in the first 3 years when routine and familiarity confer a sense of safety and security. The stress of homelessness--and the multiple traumas that frequently…

Parlakian, Rebecca

2010-01-01

395

Oral contraceptive use among young women in southern Sweden.  

PubMed Central

STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to survey oral contraceptive usage among women under 25 years of age. DESIGN--This was a cross sectional population study based on information collected by questionnaire mailed to randomly selected individuals. SETTING--The study population consisted of Swedish women born between 1960 and 1964 and living in the southern Swedish health care region which has about one and a half million inhabitants. PARTICIPANTS--The sample consisted of 3477 women, of whom 2573 or 74% agreed to participate in the study and were interviewed between November 1990 and April 1991. MAIN RESULTS--Of the 2573 women participating, 2254 (88%) reported having used oral contraceptives at some time, 77% of them having started during their teens. Teenage start of oral contraceptive use was found to be related to a lower age at menarche, a higher marriage/cohabitation rate, a lower rate of teenage full term pregnancy, a higher rate of spontaneous abortion, a lower frequency of teetotalism, and a higher frequency of smoking. Longterm use of antipsychotic drugs appeared to be less common among women who started oral contraceptive use early, but no relationship with other pharmaceutical drug usage was found. No relationship was found between oral contraceptive use and the presence of a first degree relative with cancer. CONCLUSIONS--A large proportion of Swedish women start using oral contraceptives during their teens, and report long duration of usage both before their first full term pregnancy and before the age of 25 years. The few women who have never used oral contraceptives do not appear to be representative of the general population. PMID:8436889

Ranstam, J; Olsson, H

1993-01-01

396

From partying to parenthood: young women's perceptions of cigarette smoking across life transitions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored influences on adoption, maintenance and cessation of smoking among young women as they experienced life transi- tions: leaving home, gaining employment or attending college\\/university, marriage and par- enthood. Standardized, open-ended telephone interviews were conducted with 80 women (in- cluding never smokers, continuing smokers, recent adopters and quitters) aged 24-29 years, recruited from participants in the Australian Longitudinal

Liane J. McDermott; A. J. Dobson; N. Owen

2006-01-01

397

Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): Norms for young adult women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to establish norms for the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) among young adult women, the questionnaire was administered to a large general population sample of women aged 18–42 yr in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) region of Australia. Normative data were derived for EDE-Q subscales and for the occurrence of specific eating disorder behaviours, for each of five

J. M. Mond; P. J. Hay; B. Rodgers; C. Owen

2006-01-01

398

Psychological Effects of Prescriptive vs General Lifestyle Advice for Weight Loss in Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to investigate the effects of prescriptive lifestyle advice with quantifiable dietary and physical goals compared to general lifestyle advice on weight and psychological outcomes in young women with overweight or obesity. A total of 203 women (body mass index 33.3±0.3, age 28±0.3 years) received either prescriptive or general lifestyle advice for weight loss over 12 weeks. Linear

Siew S. Lim; Robert J. Norman; Peter M. Clifton; Manny Noakes

2009-01-01

399

Personality trait risk factors for attempted suicide among young women with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. – Clinical observations and a review of the literature led us to hypothesize that certain personality and character traits could provide improved understanding, and thus improved prevention, of suicidal behaviour among young women with eating disorders.Method. – The clinical group consisted of 152 women aged between 18 and 24 years, with DSM-IV anorexia nervosa\\/restrictive type (AN-R = 66), anorexia nervosa\\/purging type (AN-P = 37), bulimia nervosa\\/non-purging

G. Youssef; B. Plancherel; J. Laget; M. Corcos; M. F. Flament; O. Halfon

2004-01-01

400

Emerging adulthood and patterns of physical activity among Young Australian women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is associated with a sharp decline in physical activity, particularly for\\u000a women. This article explores the relations between physical activity status and change and status and change in four life\\u000a domains: residential independence, employment status, relationship status, and motherhood. Two waves of survey data from a\\u000a representative sample of 8,545 Australian women, aged

Sandra Bell; Christina Lee

2005-01-01

401

Sociocultural Predictors of Physical Appearance Concerns among Adolescent Girls and Young Women from China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research assessed the extent to which sociocultural predictors of body dissatisfaction implicated in Western studies\\u000a extend to the prediction of physical appearance concerns among young women and adolescent girls in Southwest China. In Study\\u000a 1, 408 Chinese university-age women completed measures of fatness concern (FC), facial appearance concerns (FAC), sociocultural\\u000a influence (i.e., appearance pressure, comparison, teasing), and demographics. In

Todd Jackson; Hong Chen

2008-01-01

402

Acculturation and Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors in Young Mexican and Mexican–American Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about effects of acculturation on disease risk in young Mexican and Mexican–American women living in a border\\u000a community. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between acculturation and features of metabolic syndrome\\u000a (MetS) in Mexican and Mexican–American women (n = 60) living in the largest US-Mexico border community. Acculturation was measured by the short acculturation scale for

Chantal A. Vella; Diana Ontiveros; Raul Y. Zubia; Julia O. Bader

2011-01-01

403

"Young women": the meaning of a collaborative program supporting young women's rehabilitation and reintegration into the labor market.  

PubMed

Women are at a higher risk for long-term sick leaves and mental ill health. The aim of this study was to explore a supportive program's meaning for women with anxiety/stress/depression problems that are unemployed and/or on a sick leave, and for the personnel involved. Seven women and the personnel (n = 5) were interviewed individually pre- and post-intervention. Data was analyzed using content analysis. The program appeared to provide participants with tools to handle their physical and mental health, and occupational support, improving their social situation. Collaboration between organizations appears to be beneficial for all parties involved. PMID:24074131

Stjernswärd, Sigrid; Bernce, Richard; Östman, Margareta

2013-01-01

404

Evaluation of lifestyle of underweight, normal weight and overweight young women.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to compare eating and lifestyle habits between underweight, normal weight and overweight young women. Data obtained from a survey of 1129 students of the three higher education institutions in Kielce, Kraków and Opole (Southern Poland) were analysed. BMI was used to define underweight, overweight and obesity. Eating and lifestyle habits were assessed based on the information received from surveyed students. The study group consisted of women of childbearing-age and a special attention was paid to analyse habits correlated with the risk factor for pregnant women (low consumption of dairy products, meat, fish, fruits and vegetables, cigarette smoking, alcohol and caffeine intake). In the studied group, the prevalence of underweight was higher than the prevalence of overweight and obesity (11.1% vs. 7.0%). There were no significant differences in nutritional habits between the three weight groups. The responding students, regardless their weight status, presented numerous unhealthy eating habits. Underweight students more frequently took multivitamin supplements, less frequently followed an alternative diet, smoked cigarettes or drank larger amounts of coffee than normal weight and overweight women. Underweight and normal weight women more frequently participated in sports activities than overweight and obese women. However, 39.2 percent of the surveyed women declared that they seldom or never perform any sport activities. The results show that majority of young women present numerous unhealthy behaviours. Unhealthy habits occur with the same frequency among underweight students as among normal weight students or overweight ones. PMID:23940975

Wronka, Iwona; Suliga, Edyta; Pawliñska-Chmara, Romana

2013-06-01

405

Response to resistance training in young women and men.  

PubMed

Six women and 6 men trained the elbow flexors 3 days per week for 20 wks, one arm performing in each session 3-5 sets of 10 maximal concentric actions on an accommodating resistance device, the other arm 3-5 sets of 8-12 coupled eccentric/concentric actions on a weight training device. With results collapsed across the two training modes, the women made significantly (p < 0.05) greater relative increases than men in strength measured on the weight (116 vs. 46%) and accommodating (99 vs. 46%) resistance devices, and greater absolute (3.5 vs. -1.3 N.m) and relative (13.7 vs. -3.2%) increases in strength measured on an isokinetic dynamometer. Absolute (cm2) and relative (%) biceps, brachialis, and total elbow flexor cross-sectional area (from CT scans) increased significantly; however, the women's vs. men's respective relative and absolute increases did not differ significantly: biceps (13 vs. 7%, 0.9 vs. 1.0 cm2), brachialis (53 vs. 31%, 2.1 vs. 2.3 cm2), and total (26 vs. 15%, 3.1 vs. 3.3 cm2) flexor area. Biceps type I and II fiber area, and the II/I area ratio did not increase significantly. The data indicate that in response to the same short-term training program, muscle size increases similarly in women and men but women make greater relative increases in strength. PMID:7558529

O'Hagan, F T; Sale, D G; MacDougall, J D; Garner, S H

1995-07-01

406

Obstacles in Advancement of Young Female Geoscientists: Research Results from the Earth Science Women's Network (ESWN)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While the number of women receiving advanced degrees in the geosciences has been rising, the faces of scientific leaders in academia remain dominantly male. Women are currently underrepresented in tenure-track positions in Earth science departments at research universities. Additionally, women are less likely to have more senior positions within their academic institutions. ESWN is a peer-mentoring network of early career women in the Earth sciences. We conducted a survey of ESWN members as part of an evaluation-with-research study that aims to determine the career needs of young female geoscientists. We also conducted a survey of the co-ed Earth Science Jobs list also run by ESWN and used its male and female members as comparison samples. The survey data provide insight into critical career junctures for women in geosciences and identify salient issues that institutions will need to address to successfully recruit, retain and promote women scientists. Prior research has shown that women are subjected to unintended and unrecognized biases that can have an ultimate impact on their productivity, advancement, and success. Our data corroborate these findings: women consistently rated the professional atmosphere in their departments and their interactions with colleagues less favorably than men. Moreover, women indicated lower rates of collaboration with colleagues in their unit compared to their male peers. Possibly due to this discrepancy in collaboration, women also reported lower research productivity than men in our study. Attaining work/life balance is a particular concern to early-career scientists, especially since tenure clock and the biological clock can coincide and reduce the opportunity for women to achieve tenure and have children. Family issues may impact the success of women in academic careers, such as travel to meetings and field work. Our research shows that women's partners more often worked in STEM fields, potentially complicating women's careers by requiring couples to consider two STEM careers when making career decisions. Women's partners more often worked full time than did the partners of men. This may limit the possibility of work-related travel for female geoscientists and increase the burden of household duties on two working partners. In fact, women did report doing significantly more household upkeep and more parenting than men. Another barrier to retention and promotion of women includes a lack of mentors and role models. The example of women in senior positions is especially important, justifying young women's aspiration to be successful geoscientists. In our data, young female geoscientists less often saw women as adequately represented in senior roles than did male respondents. While ESWN cannot solve these problems for individuals, ESWN activities do seem to address these concerns. In discussions on the ESWN listserv, women share ideas and strategies for navigating these obstacles. Young female geoscientists may also find role models among the more experienced members. Knowledge of these obstacles also provides ESWN and other organizations aiming to advance women in science with the potential best practices in supporting women through these challenges.

Kogan, M.; Laursen, S. L.

2011-12-01

407

Persisting young age at first marriage among women in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to examine the determinants of age at first marriage in India, and to identify the most influential variables. Identifying key determinants is critical in a country like India, which has young ages at marriage and immense regional and residential diversity. It is also an important policy issue with both individual and societal consequences. I

Gitanjali Pande

2004-01-01

408

Eating Disorders in Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disordered eating attitudes and behavior are common and persistent in adolescent and young adult females with type 1 diabetes, and are associated with impaired metabolic control and a higher risk of diabetes-related complications. Specific aspects of diabetes and its management, e.g. weight gain associated with initiation of insulin treatment or improved metabolic control, and dietary restraint, may trigger the body

Denis Daneman; Marion Olmsted; Anne Rydall; Sherry Maharaj; Gary Rodin

1998-01-01

409

Families Experiencing Homelessness  

MedlinePLUS

... 4]Culhane, JF et al. (2003). Prevalence of child welfare services involvement among homeless and low-income mothers: A five year birth cohort study. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare, 30 (3). [5] Bassuk, EL ...

410

[Acute appendicitis: avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in young women].  

PubMed

Eighty-eight consecutive patients undergoing surgery for clinical diagnosis of appendicitis are reviewed. The diagnosis was correct in 71 (85%), incorrect in 17 (15%). Of these 17 patients 5 suffered from other diseases demanding surgical treatment (diverticulitis, cholecystitis, torsion of ovarian cyst, pyosalpinx). Pain migration, local tenderness and WBC greater than 10,000/mm3 were significantly associated with appendicitis, whereas duration of pain, défense musculaire and body temperature did not allow any discrimination. In men, the diagnosis was correct in 42 out of 43, whereas in women only in 34 out of 45. All 11 women with incorrect diagnosis were less than 35 years old. We conclude that the diagnosis of appendicitis is particularly difficult in women younger than 35 years. PMID:2228682

Häner, C; Inderbitzi, R; Kurath, J; Teuscher, J

1990-06-01

411

5.1.1 VAGINAL EXAMINATION IN GIRLS AND YOUNG WOMEN  

E-print Network

To guide medical and nursing / midwifery practitioners in relation to the indications for and the conduct of, vaginal examination in girls and young women. KEY POINTS 1. The girl’s / young woman’s best interest (their physical and psychological health and wellbeing) are paramount and should guide all decision making. 1 2. Best practice includes effective communication. Medical officers, nurses and midwives should take the utmost care in explaining the procedure to the girl or young woman (and parent / 1, 2 guardian). 3. Examinations should be conducted so as to minimise discomfort and distress. 1 4. The girls / young woman’s dignity and privacy shall be maintained throughout the examination regardless of the presence of others. 5. An appropriate adult witness, support person or chaperone shall be present when examining a child. 6. When examining a young woman, the presence of a chaperone should be encouraged and

Authorised Ogccu; King Edward; Memorial Hospital; Key Words

2015-01-01

412

Determinants of plasma parathyroid hormone levels in young women.  

PubMed

While the effects of calcium, phosphorus intake, and vitamin D on parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been well studied, less is known about other factors that impact PTH. Our goal was to delineate associations between demographic, dietary, and plasma factors and PTH. We conducted a cross-sectional study of intact PTH among 1,288 nonblack women in the Nurses Health Study II aged 33-53 with BMI <30 kg/m2 and eGFR > or = 60 ml/min/1.73 m2. Median PTH was 30.7 pg/ml. After adjusting for 25-hydroxyvitamin D and other factors, PTH was 4.1 pg/ml lower (95% CI -7.7 to -0.5) in women who smoked 1-14 cigarettes/day and 6.4 pg/ml lower (95% CI -11.2 to -1.7) in women who smoked >15 cigarettes/day compared to nonsmokers. After multivariate adjustment, women whose BMI was 27-29 kg/m2 had PTH levels 2.0 pg/ml higher (95% CI 0.2-3.9) compared to BMI of 21-22 kg/m2 and women in the highest quartile of plasma phosphorus had PTH levels 4.1 pg/ml lower (95% CI -5.8 to -2.4) than women in the lowest quartile. Higher vitamin A intake was independently associated with lower PTH, whereas lower calcium intake, lower plasma calcium, lower plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D, and winter blood draw were associated with higher PTH. Intakes of phosphorus, animal protein, magnesium, alcohol, and caffeine were not associated with PTH. Factors not classically associated with calcium-phosphorus metabolism impact PTH. Additional research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms whereby smoking, vitamin A, and phosphorus affect PTH and to examine how body size and season may affect PTH independent of 25(OH)D. PMID:20631996

Paik, Julie M; Curhan, Gary C; Forman, John P; Taylor, Eric N

2010-09-01

413

Alcoholism and homelessness.  

PubMed

A prospective study was carried out over a three-year period to assess the incidence of alcoholism and its effect on the homeless. Of 423 homeless people interviewed, 48.7 per cent were found to be alcoholics. Alcoholism was common in Celts and Roman Catholics but showed no correlation with educational achievement or school-leaving age. It was strongly associated with the use of casualty departments and criminal activity. PMID:2616506

Shanks, N

1989-10-22

414

‘Race’ and ‘culture’ in the gendering of labour markets: South Asian young Muslim women and the labour market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article attempts to develop an analytical framework for understanding the racialised gendering of labour markets. It is offered as part of an effort to theorise more adequately the place of paid work in the lives of Asian young Muslim women in Britain. Based upon in?depth interviews with individual young Muslim women of Pakistani origin as well as group interviews

Avtar Brah

1993-01-01

415

A relational self model of gender role identity of young Taiwanese women within their cultural context (China)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims both to investigate the gender role identity characteristics of young Taiwanese women who grew up in the post-Martial Law era and to develop a gender role identity model of young Taiwanese women. A grounded theory approach and in-depth interviews were employed. Open sampling, variational sampling, and discriminate sampling, along with open coding, axial coding, and selective coding

Chu-Li Julie Liu

2002-01-01

416

Risk Factors for Chlamydia Among Young Women in a Northern California Juvenile Detention Facility: Implications for Community Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives\\/Goal: Chlamydia infections are increasing in California, with rates highest in young women aged 15 to 24. Juvenile detention facilities are important venues for screening high-risk youth who may not otherwise access care. We, therefore, sought to identify risk factors for urogenital chlamydia among young women in a county juvenile detention facility between 2002 and 2005. Study Design: With the

Diana D. Mcdonnell; Vivian Levy; Theresa J. M. Morton

2009-01-01

417

Breast cancer in young women and its impact on reproductive function  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women in developed countries, and 12% of breast cancer occurs in women 20–34 years. Survival from breast cancer has significantly improved, and the potential late effects of treatment and the impact on quality of life have become increasingly important. Young women constitute a minority of breast cancer patients, but commonly have distinct concerns and issues compared with older women, including queries regarding fertility, contraception and pregnancy. Further, they are more likely than older women to have questions regarding potential side effects of therapy and risk of relapse or a new primary. In addition, many will have symptoms associated with treatment and they present a management challenge. Reproductive medicine specialists and gynaecologists commonly see these women either shortly after initial diagnosis or following adjuvant therapy and should be aware of current management of breast cancer, the options for women at increased genetic risk, the prognosis of patients with early stage breast cancer and how adjuvant systemic treatments may impact reproductive function. METHODS No systematic literature search was done. The review focuses on the current management of breast cancer in young women and the impact of treatment on reproductive function and subsequent management. With reference to key studies and meta-analyses, we highlight controversies and current unanswered questions regarding patient management. RESULTS Chemotherapy for breast cancer is likely to negatively impact on reproductive function. A number of interventions are available which may increase the likelihood of future successful pregnancy, but the relative safety of these interventions is not well established. For those who do conceive following breast cancer, there is no good evidence that pregnancy is detrimental to survival. We review current treatment; effects on reproductive function; preservation of fertility; contraception; pregnancy; breastfeeding and management of menopausal symptoms following breast cancer. CONCLUSION This paper provides an update on the management of breast cancer in young women and is targeted at reproductive medicine specialists and gynaecologists. PMID:19174449

Hickey, M.; Peate, M.; Saunders, C.M.; Friedlander, M.

2009-01-01

418

Gender Differences in Homeless Persons with Schizophrenia and Substance Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to test thegeneralizability of previous research on genderdifferences between men and women with co-occurringschizophrenia and substance abuse. One hundred eightpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorderinvolved in a study of treatment for homeless personswere interviewed for information regarding substanceuse, social functioning and support, comorbid disorders, victimization, medical illness, and legaltroubles. We found that women had

Mary Brunette; Robert E. Drake

1998-01-01

419

Lower peripheral circulation in eumenorrheic young women with premenstrual symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A majority of women from all cultures and socioeconomic levels experience diverse psychosomatic and behavioral symptoms premenstrually, a phenomenon commonly termed premenstrual syndrome, although symptoms and discomfort levels vary from woman to woman. The underlying pathological mechanisms of premenstrual syndrome remain unknown; however, altered function or even slight disorder of the blood circulation system, which contributes to the orchestrations

Tamaki Matsumoto; Takahisa Ushiroyama; Noriyuki Tatsumi

2007-01-01

420

Interactions between risky decisions, impulsiveness and smoking in young tattooed women  

PubMed Central

Background According to previous studies, one of the common problems of everyday life of persons with tattoos is risky behavior. However, direct examination of the decision making process, as well as factors which determine women’s risk-taking decisions to get tattoos, have not been conducted. This study investigates whether risk taking decision-making is associated with the self-assessment impulsiveness in tattooed women. Methods Young women (aged 18–35 years) with (N?=?60) and without (N?=?60) tattoos, performed the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), as a measure of decision-making processes, as well as completing the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11). Results Tattooed women showed significantly higher scores in the BIS-11 and preference for disadvantageous decks on the IGT compared to non-tattooed women. There was no significant correlation between risky decision-making in the IGT and BIS-11 impulsivity measures. A significantly higher rate of smoking was observed in the tattooed women. However, the analysis did not reveal a group effect after adjustment for smoking in the IGT and the BIS-11 measures. Conclusions The present study was specifically designed to resolve questions regarding associations between impulsiveness and risky decision-making in tattooed women. It shows that in tattooed women, risky decisions are not a direct result of their self-reported impulsiveness. Smoking does not explain the psychometric differences between tattooed women and controls. PMID:24180254

2013-01-01

421

Time out from Stress: Camp Program and Parenting Groups for Homeless Mothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a camp program for homeless families and parenting groups aimed at discussing issues related to parenting while homeless. In groups and individual interviews, the women shared stories about multiple problems that negatively impacted parent\\/child relationships and their ability to maintain employment and residential stability. These problems included domestic violence, sexual abuse, and substance abuse. Evaluation of the

Kris Kissman

1999-01-01

422

A Study of Substance Abuse, Traumata, and Social Support Systems Among Homeless Veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of 310 women and 315 men, homeless veterans, who abuse substances is designed to examine predictors of readmission to inpatient drug treatment in a two-year follow-up. It appears to be the first study of gender differences in predictors of readmission among homeless veterans, and it examines the possibilities that various social support systems mediate or moderate the relationships

Brent B. Benda

2005-01-01

423

Sexual abuse and reproductive health among unmarried young women seeking abortion in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To investigate sexual violence and its impact on reproductive health in unmarried young women seeking abortion in China. Methods: A total of 2002 participants were surveyed by questionnaire, gynecologic examination, and laboratory tests for sexually transmitted disease (STD). Results: Overall, 14% of participants had experienced sexual violence and 43.4% were diagnosed with STD. Among victims of sexual abuse, 8.6%

Jiuling Wu; L?nhong Wang; Gengli Zhao; Xiaosong Zhang

2006-01-01

424

Young children and women's labour force participation in Russia, 1992–2004 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractWe document the changing labour force participation patterns of women with young children in Russia during 1992–2004. In this period maternity leave benefits became less generous, and childcare was privatized and became increasingly scarce. Using nationally representative household survey data it is shown that in 1992, there was essentially no association between the probability of a woman being a labour

Louise Grogan; Katerina Koka

2010-01-01

425

Home Journeys: Im/mobilities in Young Refugee and Asylum-Seeking Women's Negotiations of Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research with refugees and asylum seekers tends to be divided into research with adults or research with children under the age of 18. This is despite relational approaches to studying age that contest such dichotomous and fixed understandings of "life-stages". This article seeks to provide an insight into the experiences of young women who in…

Sirriyeh, Ala

2010-01-01

426

Young women's decisions to accept chlamydia screening: influences of stigma and doctor-patient interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An understanding of the factors that encourage young women to accept, and discourage them from accepting, STI (sexually transmitted infection) testing is needed to underpin opportunistic screening programs for the STI Chlamydia trachomatis (opportunistic screening involves healthcare professionals offering chlamydia tests to people while they are attending health services for reasons that are usually unrelated to their sexual health).

Myles Balfe; Ruairi Brugha; Diarmuid O'Donovan; Emer O'Connell; Deirdre Vaughan

2010-01-01

427

"Too Pretty to Do Math!" Young Women in Movement and Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article points out some pedagogical challenges in supporting girls and young women in their emancipatory movements today. It spotlights a specific section in gender pedagogy by focusing on the aim of self-determination (rather than achievement) in the field of social-pedagogy and it refers to the concept of "girls work" in Germany. A critical…

Graff, Ulrike

2013-01-01

428

Osteoporosis Prevention Among Young Women: Psychosocial Models of Calcium Consumption and Weight-Bearing Exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the putative determinants of two osteoporosis-preventive behaviors, calcium consumption and weight-bearing exercise, in 2 samples of young women (Sample 1, n = 202; Sample 2, n = 209). A common psychosocial model of both behaviors, comprising the health belief model and augmented with constructs drawn from social cognitive theory and the theory of planned behavior, was developed,

Sarah J. Schmiege; Leona S. Aiken; Jennifer L. Sander; Mary A. Gerend

2007-01-01

429

The impact of infant crying on young women: A randomized controlled study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Infant crying is a common source of distress in parents. This study used an experimental paradigm to explore the impact of infant crying on mood, perceptions of temperament and caregiving behaviours in young women. The use of a life?like programmable baby doll with a real infant's cry sound recorded within it enabled rigorous control of the amount and intensity of

Sharon Bruning; Catherine McMahon

2009-01-01

430

Gender, Spatiality and Fear: Young women's experiences of outdoor physical activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper seeks to explore gender, spatiality and fear relations, previously established in geography, leisure and tourism research, through young women's experiences of outdoor physical activity. The aim of this paper is threefold. Firstly it will explore what is meant by ‘safe and unsafe’, with particular focus on the environment(s) where outdoor physical activity does or could occur. Secondly, it

Lindsey Kilgour

2007-01-01

431

Relationships and Betrayal among Young Women: Theoretical Perspectives on Adolescent Dating Abuse  

PubMed Central

AIMS Adolescent dating abuse is not specifically described by any current nursing theory, and this paper presents discussion of some existing theories that could inform a nursing theory of adolescent dating abuse. To account for the effects of gender, this discussion is limited to young women. BACKGROUND Adolescent dating abuse is an important and understudied international issue for nursing. Theoretical frameworks can support development of nursing scholarship for such issues. No single theory yet exists within nursing to explain the experiences and health ramifications of dating abuse among young women. DATA SOURCES A summary table of theories is provided. Literature was gathered via database search and bibliographic snowballing from reference lists of relevant articles. Included literature dates from 1982 through 2010. DISCUSSION Theories of relationship formation and function are discussed, including attachment, investment, feminist and gender role conflict theories. Betrayal trauma theory is considered as a mechanism of injury following an abusive dating experience. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING Gender, relationship, and adolescence combine in a complex developmental moment for young women. To improve nursing care for those at risk for or in the throes of abusive relationships, it is critical to develop specific nursing approaches to understanding these relationships. CONCLUSION Existing theories related to relationship and traumatic experiences can be combined in the development of a nursing theory of adolescent dating abuse among young women. PMID:21261691

Burton, Candace W.; Halpern-Felsher, Bonnie; Rankin, Sally H.; Rehm, Roberta S.; Humphreys, Janice C.

2010-01-01

432

Suffering in silence: consequences of sexual violence within marriage among young women in Nepal  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Despite the grave consequences of sexual violence, and it's persistence both within and outside marriages, this subject has received relatively little attention from researchers, policy makers, and programme managers in Nepal. This paper explores the definition of sexual violence and its various forms and consequences as reported by young married women in Nepal. In addition, it describes the coping

Mahesh Puri; Jyotsna Tamang; Iqbal Shah

2011-01-01

433

Early Pubertal Timing and the Union Formation Behaviors of Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined whether the transition into adolescence, proxied by pubertal timing, shaped the transition into adulthood, proxied by union formation behaviors, among contemporary American women. In a sample drawn from Add Health (n = 7,523), early maturing girls reported an accelerated transition to marriage and cohabitation in young adulthood, net of family structure history, academic achievement in high school,

Shannon E. Cavanagh

2011-01-01

434

Contradictions of community: questions of identity for young British Muslim women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author addresses contradictions of community through a case study which explores how young British Muslim women construct and contest their identities. Drawing upon the work of Hall, and others,in their theorisation of 'new ethnicities' or 'hybrid identities', she examines the possibilities for reworking the idea of community as a dynamic process which has a discursive and political effectivity. Through

C Dwyer

1999-01-01

435

Non-Traditional School-to-Work Opportunities for Young Women. Resource Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin presents an overview of strategies that practitioners identify as methods of increasing young women's access to and success in school-to-work programs in nontraditional occupations. These strategies are discussed: outreach to female students; career information and advising; training for teachers and counselors; math and science…

National School-to-Work Opportunities Office, Washington, DC.

436

Changes in Young Women's Awareness, Attitudes, and Perceived Barriers to Using Emergency Contraception  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundIn a 1996 survey, most young women ages 13–20 years from an urban, hospital-based clinic and a drug treatment center had inadequate awareness of emergency contraception (EC), and perceived several barriers to its use. Since that time, the FDA has approved two products for EC, media coverage has increased, and physicians have provided more counseling about EC.

Allison M. Aiken; Melanie A. Gold; Andrew M. Parker

2005-01-01

437

Transnational audience reception as a theater of struggle: young Filipino women's reception of Korean television dramas  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the ‘theater of struggle’ in young Filipino women's reception of Korean television dramas in view of the American cultural imperialism that is deeply entrenched in the Philippine society. Mainly anchored on Gramsci's concept of hegemony and Stuart Hall's encoding-decoding theory, the researcher conducted a reception analysis through a textual analysis of selected Korean television comedy-dramas and focus

Belinda Flores Espiritu

2011-01-01

438

Ideal Body Shape in Young Japanese Women and Assessment of Excessive Leanness Based on Allometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study is aimed to clarify the degree of leanness desired by contemporary young Japanese women using questionnaires and to use allometry to define the body weight boundary between the excessively lean and the others for a given height. Questionnaires on ideal body shape were distributed to female college students living in Akita and the suburbs of Tokyo. Data

Yuji Takasaki; Tokiko Fukuda; Yumi Watanabe; Tomoko Kurosawa; Keizo Shigekawa

2003-01-01

439

Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transactional sex, or the exchange of money and gifts for sexual activities within nonmarital relationships, has been widely considered a contributing factor to the disproportionate prevalence of HIV/AIDS among young women in sub-Saharan Africa. This study applied social exchange theory to premarital relationships in order to investigate the…

Luke, Nancy; Goldberg, Rachel E.; Mberu, Blessing U.; Zulu, Eliya M.

2011-01-01

440

The Influence of Maternal Loss on Young Women's Experience of Identity Development in Emerging Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

A qualitative approach was used to study the influence of adolescent maternal loss on identity development in 6 young women. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed for recurrent themes. Three metathemes emerged from the narratives: Loss of Mother Impacts Identity, Relatedness on the Path of Identity Development, and Integration of Loss into Emergent Identity. Findings indicate that the

Lara E. Schultz

2007-01-01

441

‘Two's up and poncing fags’: young women's smoking practices, reciprocity and friendship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade much has been written by journalists, policy makers, and academics, about young women's leisure time pursuits. A great deal of this interest has focused around a concern that teenage girls in the UK are taking up smoking in larger numbers than their male peers. This paper draws on findings from my small?scale doctoral research into teenage

Fin Cullen

2010-01-01

442

Salmon cycles: Influences of a science field study immersion experience with Native American young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Native Americans, and particularly Native women, are not proportionally represented in higher education, or in science, mathematics, technology, and engineering fields. This study examined an out-of-school science education program which combined traditional Native American cultural and ecological knowledge with Western science in conducting authentic field studies. A qualitative, embedded case study approach was used to explore how young Native American

Phyllis Campbell Ault

2008-01-01

443

Treatment helps young women preserve their fertility during breast cancer chemotherapy  

Cancer.gov

Researchers have found that young women with breast cancer were able to better preserve their fertility during cancer treatments by using hormone-blocking drug injections that put them into temporary menopause. The results announced today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology in Chicago are from the Prevention of Early Menopause Study (POEMS), a clinical trial sponsored by NCI.

444

The Self-Injury Experiences of Young Adult Women: Implications for Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many counselors lack a clear understanding of the phenomenon of self-injury. This article presents results of a qualitative study examining the experiences of young adult women who engage in self-injurious behaviors. Interpretation of the participants' narrative data offers insight into the value of a humanistic approach to counseling this…

Craigen, Laurie M.; Milliken, Tammi F.

2010-01-01

445

Use of oral contraceptives and risk of breast cancer in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have shown that oral contraceptive (OC) use increases a young woman's risk of breast cancer, although some studies suggest that the risk may be limited to recent use. The objective of this study was to determine what particular aspects of OC use could be important for breast cancer development at an early age in the cohort of women

Giske Ursin; Ronald K. Ross; Jane Sullivan-Halley; Rosemarie Hanisch; Brian Henderson; Leslie Bernstein

1998-01-01

446

Cultural Orientation as a Protective Factor against Tobacco and Marijuana Smoking for African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined cultural orientation as a protective factor against tobacco and marijuana smoking for African American young women (ages 18 to 25). African American college students (N = 145) from a predominantly White university were administered subscales from the African American Acculturation Scale-Revised (AAAS-R); the shortened…

Nasim, Aashir; Corona, Rosalie; Belgrave, Faye; Utsey, Shawn O.; Fallah, Niloofar

2007-01-01

447

Finding New Harmony, Then and Now: Young Women's Rites of Passage (Books for the Teenage Reader).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 books that were selected by teenagers as their favorites. Notes that most of the titles selected represent rite-of-passage stories about young women. States that all of the books are well within the interests and reading abilities of junior high and early senior high school students. (PRA)

Belden, Elizabeth A.; Beckman, Judith M.

1991-01-01

448

"Two's up and Poncing Fags": Young Women's Smoking Practices, Reciprocity and Friendship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past decade much has been written by journalists, policy makers, and academics, about young women's leisure time pursuits. A great deal of this interest has focused around a concern that teenage girls in the UK are taking up smoking in larger numbers than their male peers. This paper draws on findings from my small-scale doctoral research…

Cullen, Fin

2010-01-01

449

Nutritional Intervention in Young Women with Eating Disorders: A Brief Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eating disorders in young women are often associated with a number of comorbid conditions, including mood disorders and cognitive problems. Although group therapy is often used as part of overall treatment for eating disorders in many types of settings, specific nutritional interventions used in such settings have rarely been evaluated. In this…

McAleavey, Kristen

2010-01-01

450

Contextual Influences on Gendered Racial Identity Development of African American Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study was to identify the contextual factors and socialization experiences most salient to the identity development of African American girls. Seventeen African American young women participated in dyadic focus groups. Themes that emerged included exposure to stereotypes, negative classroom environments, and parental and peer…

Thomas, Anita Jones; Hoxha, Denada; Hacker, Jason Daniel

2013-01-01

451

Early Pubertal Timing and the Union Formation Behaviors of Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether the transition into adolescence, proxied by pubertal timing, shaped the transition into adulthood, proxied by union formation behaviors, among contemporary American women. In a sample drawn from Add Health (n = 7,523), early maturing girls reported an accelerated transition to marriage and cohabitation in young

Cavanagh, Shannon E.

2011-01-01

452

A Qualitative Exploration of Autonomy and Engagement for Young Women of Color in Community College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the nationwide concern about college persistence and graduation rates, this article reviews pertinent literature related to autonomous learning as well as social and academic engagement. It also presents findings of a qualitative study of young community college women of color, an understudied population. The article, part of a larger…

Rose, Lisa Hale; Sellars-Mulhern, Precious; Jones, Cynthia; Trinidad, America; Pierre-Louis, Joanne; Okomba, Adhiambo

2014-01-01

453

Evaluation of a Computer-Tailored Osteoporosis Prevention Intervention in Young Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a theory-based computer-tailored osteoporosis prevention program on calcium and vitamin D intake and osteoporosis health beliefs in young women. Additionally, this study tested whether adding bone density testing to the intervention improved the outcomes. Methods: One hundred…

Lein, Donald H., Jr.; Clark, Diane; Turner, Lori W.; Kohler, Connie L.; Snyder, Scott; Morgan, Sarah L.; Schoenberger, Yu-Mei M.

2014-01-01

454

"Planned" Teenage Pregnancy: Perspectives of Young Women from Disadvantaged Backgrounds in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reduction of teenage pregnancy has attracted much interest in research, practice and social policy. Little is known about teenagers who report their pregnancies as "planned." Forty-one in-depth interviews were undertaken, in six different parts of England, among young women who reported their pregnancy as "planned". The mean age at conception…

Coleman, Lester; Cater, Suzanne

2006-01-01

455

Melanoma Incidence Among Young Women in the U.S. Is Rising  

Cancer.gov

The annual incidence of invasive cutaneous melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, increased among young Caucasian women in the U.S. by 50 percent between 1980 and 2004, according to an article published online July 10, 2008, by the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

456

Ideas for Action: Helping Girls and Young Women in Your Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This idea book is a resource to help individuals focus their good will and energy on helping girls and young women in their communities. After a brief introduction to each of seven advocacy strategies, ideas for action are listed under each. The first advocacy strategy focuses on organizing your community for action. Ideas for action include…

Hernandez, Barbara K.

457

The relationship of self-esteem and risky sexual behaviors in young African-American women.  

PubMed

In the United States, African-American women are at disproportionate risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and face the most profound burden of HIV infection. Reducing the risk of exposure to HIV in African-American women is a priority for health-care providers. The findings of this study add to the existing literature by examining the relationship of self-esteem and risky sexual behaviors in young African-American women. Lack of self-esteem was one of the themes that emerged from a larger study that investigated how African-American women define HIV-risky behavior. In the current study, quantitative and qualitative data were collected from a convenience sample of 33 African-American women (N = 33) from three metropolitan regions within Michigan. Findings highlight the importance of understanding the relationship between self-esteem and its implications for HIV/sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention. PMID:23061165

Pittiglio, Laura; Jackson, Frances; Florio, Ann

2012-07-01

458

Alcohol Outlet Density and Young Women's Perpetration of Violence Toward Male Intimate Partners  

PubMed Central

This paper examines the relationships between alcohol outlet density, alcohol use, and perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adult women in the US. Data were from Wave III of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health; N = 4,430 in present analyses). Multinomial logistic regression was used to examine occurrence of past year IPV perpetration toward a male partner based on tract-level on-premise and off-premise alcohol outlet density, controlling for individuals’ demographic, alcohol use, and childhood abuse characteristics and neighborhood socio-demographic factors. Higher off-premise alcohol outlet density was found to be associated with young women’s perpetration of physical only IPV, controlling for individual-level and ecological factors. Alcohol use had an independent association with IPV perpetration but was not a mediator of the outlet density-IPV relationship. Findings suggest that considering alcohol-related environmental factors may help efforts aimed at preventing young women’s use of physical violence toward partners. PMID:23914050

Iritani, Bonita J.; Waller, Martha W.; Halpern, Carolyn Tucker; Moracco, Kathryn E.; Christ, Sharon L.; Flewelling, Robert L.

2013-01-01

459

Determinants of Plasma Parathyroid Hormone Levels in Young Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the effects of calcium, phosphorus intake, and vitamin D on parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been well studied, less is\\u000a known about other factors that impact PTH. Our goal was to delineate associations between demographic, dietary, and plasma\\u000a factors and PTH. We conducted a cross-sectional study of intact PTH among 1,288 nonblack women in the Nurses Health Study\\u000a II aged

Julie M. PaikGary; Gary C. Curhan; John P. Forman; Eric N. Taylor

2010-01-01

460

Risk factors for myocardial infarction in young women.  

PubMed

The interim results of a case-control study of myocardial infarction in women below age 55 years conducted in northern Italy since January 1983 are presented, based on 168 cases of acute myocardial infarction and 251 hospital controls. Cigarette smoking was strongly related to myocardial infarction, with risk estimates elevated more than 10-fold for heavy (more than 25 cigarettes per day) smokers. Smoking-related relative risks were of similar magnitude in younger (less than 45 years) and in perimenopausal (45-54 years) women and were largely unaffected by allowance for several potential distorting factors. Other factors independently and strongly related to the risk of myocardial infarction were diabetes, hypertension, and history of coronary heart disease in more than one first-degree relative. Relative risks were also elevated in women who gave birth to their first child earlier (below age 20 years) and in oral contraceptive users. However, these estimates were not significant. The apparent positive associations with clinical history of hyperlipidemia, hypertension in pregnancy, and heavy coffee consumption could be explained largely in terms of confounding, but the protection conveyed by moderate alcohol consumption remained after multivariate analysis. Thus, the interim results of this investigation in a low incidence population confirm the importance of several risk factors previously described in data collected in Northern Europe and the United States. Furthermore, possibly because of the low baseline risk, the proportion of cases attributable to smoking in middle-aged women in this population may be even larger than that previously reported from higher incidence areas. PMID:3565357

La Vecchia, C; Franceschi, S; Decarli, A; Pampallona, S; Tognoni, G

1987-05-01

461

Fertility preservation in young women undergoing breast cancer therapy.  

PubMed

Breast cancer accounts for one third of all neoplasms seen in reproductive-age women and affects tens of thousands of women each year in that age group. The adjuvant chemotherapy regimens used for the treatment commonly affect fertility and cause premature ovarian failure. There have been recent advances in the field of fertility preservation, which can allow many of these breast cancer survivors to have children in the future. The most established option is embryo cryopreservation; oocyte cryopreservation can be considered in single women. Both of these approaches require approximately 2 weeks of ovarian stimulation beginning with the onset of the patient's menstrual cycle. Thus, it is crucial that these patients are referred to appropriate assisted reproduction centers as soon as they are diagnosed with breast cancer. Recently developed ovarian stimulation protocols using tamoxifen and letrozole can be used to increase the margin of safety in these patients. When and if a breast cancer patient does not have time to undergo ovarian stimulation prior to chemotherapy, ovarian cryopreservation for future autotransplantation can be offered as the last resort. The benefit of ovarian protection by gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues is unproven and unlikely, and thus this treatment should not be offered as the sole method of fertility preservation. PMID:16720842

Sonmezer, Murat; Oktay, Kutluk

2006-05-01

462

75 FR 61860 - Advisory Committee on Women Veterans; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...readjustment counseling, women Veterans' legislative issues, special health initiatives, women Veterans' research, rural health, and homeless initiatives for women Veterans. Interested persons may attend, appear before, or file...

2010-10-06

463

Sexting behaviors among young Hispanic women: incidence and association with other high-risk sexual behaviors.  

PubMed

Several legal cases in the United States in which adolescents were charged with child pornography distribution after sharing nude photographs of themselves with romantic partners or others have highlighted the issue of sexting behaviors among youth. Although policy makers, mental health workers, educators and parents have all expressed concern regarding the potential harm of sexting behaviors, little to no research has examined this phenomenon empirically. The current study presents some preliminary data on the incidence of sexting behavior and associated high risk sexual behaviors in a sample of 207 predominantly Hispanic young women age 16-25. Approximately 20% of young women reported engaging in sexting behavior. Sexting behaviors were not associated with most other high-risk sexual behaviors, but were slightly more common in women who found sex to be highly pleasurable or who displayed histrionic personality traits. PMID:21153441

Ferguson, Christopher J

2011-09-01

464

Oral contraceptive use and association with glucose, insulin, and diabetes in young adult women: the CARDIA Study. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: We studied the associations between 1) current use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and 2) glucose levels, insulin levels, and diabetes in young women.\\u000aRESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects were women (n = 1,940) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a prospective observational study of African-Americans and whites aged 18-30 years at enrollment in 1985-1986.

Catherine Kim; David S. Siscovick; Stephen Sidney; Cora E. Lewis; Catarina I. Kiefe; Thomas D. Koepsell

2002-01-01

465

Homeless Veterans Need your help!!  

E-print Network

Homeless Veterans Need your help!! "1-1-1" Event Please bring: 1 ­ Gently used item of MEN United Veterans who run a shelter for homeless veterans in Yaphank. Please go through your closets adopting-a-shelter or adopt-a-house where the homeless veterans live. For more details please go

Johnson, Peter D.

466

Civil society responses to homelessness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores how faith-based organisations in South Africa respond to homelessness, using research performed in 2005 with 12 religious organisations that provide services to homeless people in Johannesburg and Pretoria. It describes the organisations' histories, funding schemes and relationships with other organisations, and considers the complexities of defining homelessness. The background to the study was broader and more in-depth

Diana Sanchez

2010-01-01

467

Community-Driven Homeless Housing  

E-print Network

that are at or below the poverty level. This portion of the population is at risk of becoming homeless becauseCommunity-Driven Homeless Housing Programs: Best Practices Report Prepared for City of Champaign Anne Householder Latonya Jones Maria Kaidas Rebecca Long Huong Phu #12;Homeless Housing Best Practices

Frank, Thomas D.

468

High School Completion for Young WomenEffects of Low Income and Living with a Single Parent  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effects of living in a single-parent family on the high school completion of young women after controlling for the effects of family income. For white women, living with a single parent has no effect on high school completion once the generally lower income of single-parent families is taken into account. For black women, both low income

LOIS B. SHAW

1982-01-01

469

Why don't young women go for Chlamydia testing? A qualitative study employing Goffman's stigma framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many women who might be at risk of having the sexually transmitted infection (STI) Chlamydia trachomatis either delay going, or do not go, for testing. We aimed to examine the factors that either prevent or discourage Irish young women from going for Chlamydia testing. We conducted in-depth interviews with 35 women in the Republic of Ireland who were between 18

Myles Balfe; Ruairi Brugha; Emer OConnell; Hannah McGee; Diarmuid ODonovan; Deirdre Vaughan

2010-01-01

470

Coffee consumption may influence hippocampal volume in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caffeine is the most often used psychoactive substance. Caffeine may influence neuroplasticity in animals. We investigated\\u000a the relationship between caffeine intake (coffee consumption) and brain morphology. Forty-five healthy, non-smoking women\\u000a aged 19–30 were included in the present study. We used semi-automatic user-independent MR volumetry and voxel-based morphometry.\\u000a We investigated the relationship between caffeine intake (coffee consumption) and the volumes of

Gabor Perlaki; Gergely Orsi; Norbert Kovacs; Attila Schwarcz; Zilia Pap; Zsuzsanna Kalmar; Eniko Plozer; Arpad Csatho; Robert Gabriel; Samuel Komoly; Imre Janszky; József Janszky

471

The Other America: Homeless Families in the Shadow of the New Economy. Family Homelessness in Kentucky, Tennessee and the Carolinas. A Report of Homes for the Homeless.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a survey of homeless families from shelters in Kentucky, Tennessee, and the Carolinas. The typical family included a 32-year-old single woman with two young children who was more likely to be African American, had a high school education, and had a 50-50 chance of being employed. Most children attended preschool, most were…

Institute for Children and Poverty, New York, NY.

472

Unsafe abortion differentials in 2008 by age and developing country region: high burden among young women.  

PubMed

Each year, nearly 22 million women worldwide have an unsafe abortion, almost all of which occur in developing countries. This paper estimates the incidence and rates of unsafe abortion by five-year age groups among women aged 15-44 years in developing country regions in 2008. Forty-one per cent of unsafe abortions in developing regions are among young women aged 15-24 years, 15% among those aged 15-19 years and 26% among those aged 20-24 years. Among the 3.2 million unsafe abortions in young women 15-19 years old, almost 50% are in the Africa region. 22% of all unsafe abortions in Africa compared to 11% of those in Asia (excluding Eastern Asia) and 16% of those in Latin America and the Caribbean are among adolescents aged 15-19 years. The number of adolescent women globally is approaching 300 million. Adolescents suffer the most from the negative consequences of unsafe abortion. Efforts are urgently needed to provide contraceptive information and services to adolescents, who have a high unmet need for family planning, and to women of all ages, with interventions tailored by age group. Efforts to make abortion safe in developing countries are also urgently needed. PMID:22789095

Shah, Iqbal H; Ahman, Elisabeth

2012-06-01

473

Physical attractiveness, attitudes toward career, and mate preferences among young Chinese women.  

PubMed

We examined young Chinese women's mate preferences as a function of their self-perceived attractiveness and career attitudes. A total of 264 young Chinese women rated their own attractiveness, reported their attitudes toward career, and rated the importance of 20 mate characteristics. The characteristics encompassed four facets that individuals typically consider when seeking a long-term mate: good-genes indicators, good investment ability indicators, good parenting indicators, and good partner indicators. We found that both self-perceived attractiveness and attitudes toward career were positively associated with the importance attached to several of the characteristics. Moreover, women who had high career focus but low self-perceived attractiveness attached more value to intelligence, ambition, and industriousness than women who had low career focus but high self-perceived attractiveness; women with low career focus but high self-perceived attractiveness attached more value to physical attractiveness in a mate than women with high career focus but low self-perceived attractiveness. We discussed the limitations of our research and directions for future research. PMID:24525338

Zhang, Hong; Teng, Fei; Chan, Darius K-S; Zhang, Denghao

2014-01-01

474

Transactional sex amongst young people in rural northern Tanzania: an ethnography of young women's motivations and negotiation  

PubMed Central

Background Material exchange for sex (transactional sex) may be important to sexual relationships and health in certain cultures, yet the motivations for transactional sex, its scale and consequences are still little understood. The aim of this paper is to examine young women's motivations to exchange sex for gifts or money, the way in which they negotiate transactional sex throughout their relationships, and the implications of these negotiations for the HIV epidemic. Method An ethnographic research design was used, with information collected primarily using participant observation and in-depth interviews in a rural community in North Western Tanzania. The qualitative approach was complemented by an innovative assisted self-completion questionnaire. Findings Transactional sex underlay most non-marital relationships and was not, per se, perceived as immoral. However, women's motivations varied, for instance: escaping intense poverty, seeking beauty products or accumulating business capital. There was also strong pressure from peers to engage in transactional sex, in particular to consume like others and avoid ridicule for inadequate remuneration. Macro-level factors shaping transactional sex (e.g. economic, kinship and normative factors) overwhelmingly benefited men, but at a micro-level there were different dimensions of power, stemming from individual attributes and immediate circumstances, some of which benefited women. Young women actively used their sexuality as an economic resource, often entering into relationships primarily for economic gain. Conclusion Transactional sex is likely to increase the risk of HIV by providing a dynamic for partner change, making more affluent, higher risk men more desirable, and creating further barriers to condom use. Behavioural interventions should directly address how embedded transactional sex is in sexual culture. PMID:20429913

2010-01-01

475

Transitions in living arrangements are associated with changes in dietary patterns in young women.  

PubMed

Household composition influences people's diet, so typical transitions in young women's lives, including cohabitation, marriage, and motherhood, might be expected to influence their subsequent dietary behavior. The objective was to examine associations between transitions in living arrangements and changes in energy intake and dietary patterns for women in their 20s and 30s using longitudinal data collected in 2003 and 2009. FFQ were collected twice from 6534 women born in 1973-1978 participating in the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. Transition groups were defined from changes in their living arrangements. Factor analysis was used to identify dietary patterns. Associations between transitions in living arrangements and changes in energy intake and dietary pattern scores were analyzed using multiple linear regression. Women living with children had greater energy intake than other women initially and those who started a family had the greatest increases over time. Five similar dietary patterns were derived from both surveys. Women living in a family at both times had higher scores on the high-fat and sugar, meat, and cooked vegetables patterns and lower scores on the Mediterranean-style and fruit patterns than other women. Women starting a family increased their consumption of the high-fat and sugar, fruit, and cooked vegetables patterns. Women not living with children at both times had increased scores on the Mediterranean-style pattern and decreased scores on the high-fat and sugar and cooked vegetables patterns compared with other women. In conclusion, starting a family is associated with changes in women's diet that are mainly unhealthy. PMID:22739375

Elstgeest, Liset E M; Mishra, Gita D; Dobson, Annette J

2012-08-01

476

"Red tips for hot lips": advertising cigarettes for young women in Britain, 1920-70.  

PubMed

The girl or woman smoker is a twentieth-century phenomenon. In 1900, smoking was invariably associated with sexually deviant womanhood. Today, smoking is firmly, if contentiously, established as a feminine practice in British society. This article examines one aspect of the twentieth-century feminisation of smoking in Britain, namely, the ways in which smoking practices have been presented as appropriate for young women in the period 1920-70. Advertisements featured in magazines for young women aged 15-29 years have been chosen as a particularly apt medium through which to explore some of the ways in which cigarettes and smoking practices have been delineated and infused with meaning. These advertisements constituted a discourse for the circulation of messages about the relationship of women to cigarettes. Findings reveal a number of shifts in cigarette advertisements featured in Women's magazines from 1920 to 1970. Firstly, during the 1930s and early 1940s, advertisements were, in contrast to later counterparts, preoccupied with establishing smoking as a feminine practice. Key to processes by which smoking was feminised were various mechanisms whereby the cigarette was depicted as part of the presentation of a heterosexual identity and where smoking practices were embedded in heterosexual relations and rituals. Secondly, there was a discernible shift in the way women were addressed by advertisements, from potential women smokers in the 1930s to more general consumers in the 1960s. Thirdly and relatedly, the significance attached to women smoking changed between 1920 and 1970. In the 1930s, smoking was utilised to signify that women were "modern"; in the period 1960-70, smoking served to indicate that women were recognised, and accorded status, as consumers. PMID:19673158

Tinkler, P

2001-01-01

477

Young Thai women who use methamphetamine: Intersection of sexual partnerships, drug use, and social networks  

PubMed Central

Background Given high rates of methamphetamine (MA) use among young people in Thailand and evidence of an association between MA and increased sexual risk behavior, we examined the association between women’s recent sexual partnerships, social network characteristics and drug and alcohol use. Methods Female participants (n=320) in an HIV behavioral trial among young (18–25 years) MA users in Chiang Mai completed a drug and sexual behavior survey and social network inventory. Multinomial regression analyses accounting for clustered data examined individual and network characteristics associated with recent sexual partnership category. We compared women with only one male partner in the past year (39%) to those with multiple male partners (37%) and those with only female partners (24%). Results Differences in levels of drug and alcohol use and social and sexual network characteristics were dependent on recent sexual partnership profiles. The multiple partner group reported an average of five male partners in the past year; 12% reported consistent condom use in the past 30 days. Compared to both groups, women with multiple male partners used MA more frequently, had larger non-sex networks with more MA users, were more likely to have an MA-using sex partner, and received less emotional support from their partners. Women with multiple male partners and only female partners reported more frequent alcohol use. Conclusions Policy and intervention efforts targeting drug use and sexual behavior among young Thai women are drastically needed and may benefit from consideration of the diversity within the population. These data point to the need for targeted prevention approaches that take into account the varying characteristics and social influences of these different groups of women. PMID:18191393

German, Danielle; Sherman, Susan A.; Latkin, Carl A.; Sirirojn, Bangorn; Thomson, Nick; Sutcliffe, Catherine G.; Aramrattana, Apinun; Celentano, David D.

2009-01-01

478

Pathways into homelessness: recently homeless adults problems and service use before and after becoming homeless in Amsterdam  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: To improve homelessness prevention practice, we met with recently homeless adults, to explore their pathways into homelessness, problems and service use, before and after becoming homeless. METHODS: Recently homeless adults (last housing lost up to two years ago and legally staying in the Netherlands) were sampled in the streets, day centres and overnight shelters in Amsterdam. In April and

Igor R van Laere; Matty A de Wit; Niek S Klazinga

2009-01-01

479

Pathways into homelessness: recently homeless adults - problems and service use before and after becoming homeless in Amsterdam  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To improve homelessness prevention practice, we met with recently homeless adults, to explore their pathways into homelessness, problems and service use, before and after becoming homeless. METHODS: Recently homeless adults (last housing lost up to two years ago and legally staying in the Netherlands) were sampled in the streets, day centres and overnight shelters in Amsterdam. In April

Laere van I. R; Wit de M. A; N. S. Klazinga

2009-01-01

480

A burden and a blessing--young Swedish women's experience of fertility. A study among women lacking experience of pregnancy and parenthood.  

PubMed

We used phenomenological method to describe fertility as it was experienced by young women who have chosen to take contraceptive pills. The women lacked experience from pregnancy and parenthood. We interviewed ten women aged 23-27 years. We found that fertility was experienced as paradoxical, as follows: fertility as a power that has to be suppressed, experiencing fertility in the present time and as a future finite possibility, and having one's own fertile responsibility governed by society. Striving for a perfect life was a central aspect of fertility. Expectations on female fertility seem to influence young women's planning in life. PMID:21476160

Soderberg, Malin; Lundgren, Ingela; Olsson, Pia; Christensson, Kyllike

2011-05-01