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1

Hunting for eruption ages in accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A primary goal in geochronology is to provide precise and accurate ages for tephras that serve as chronostratigraphic markers for constraining the timing and rates of volcanism, sedimentation, climate change, and catastrophic events in Earth history. Zircon remains the most versatile accessory mineral for dating silicic tephras due to its common preservation in distal pyroclastic deposits, as well as the robustness of its U-Pb and U-series systems even after host materials have been hydrothermally altered or weathered. Countless studies document that zircon may be complexly zoned in age due to inheritance, contamination, recycling of antecrysts, protracted crystallization in long-lived magma reservoirs, or any combination of these. Other accessory minerals such as allanite or chevkinite can retain similar records of protracted crystallization. If the goal is to date the durations of magmatic crystallization, differentiation, and/or magma residence, then these protracted chronologies within and between accessory minerals are a blessing. However, if the goal is to date the timing of eruption with high precision, i.e., absolute ages with millennial-scale uncertainties, then this age zoning is a curse. Observations from ion microprobe 238U-230Th dating of Pleistocene zircon and allanite provide insight into the record of near-eruption crystallization in accessory minerals and serve as a guide for high-precision whole-crystal dating. Although imprecise relative to conventional techniques, ion probe analysis allows high-spatial resolution 238U-230Th dating that can document multi-millennial age distributions at the crystal scale. Analysis of unpolished rims and continuous depth profiling of zircon from small and large volume eruptions (e.g., Coso, Mono Craters, Yellowstone) reveals that the final several micrometers of crystallization often yield ages that are indistinguishable from associated eruption ages from the 40Ar/39Ar or (U-Th)/He methods. Using this approach, we have derived relatively precise (± ~ 5%, 2?) U-Th isochron ages from the unpolished rims of pumice-derived allanite and zircon from late Pleistocene Wilson Creek Formation tephras in eastern California, whose ages are controversial and have been difficult to resolve via 40Ar/39Ar and radiocarbon dating. Allanite and zircon rims from Ashes 7-19 in the lower portion of Wilson Creek sediments yield stratigraphically consistent ages of ca. 27 ka to ca. 62 ka, with a minority of crystals identifiable as xenocrysts from early Mono Craters rhyolites. Model ages for the interiors of allanite crystals are mostly < 10 k.y. older than their rims. Tephra deposited during the geomagnetic excursion debated to be either the Mono Lake or Laschamp event yields a rim isochron age of ca. 41 ka. This age is indistinguishable from an independent age of 41 ka derived at the latter excursion's type locality in France (Singer et al., 2009) as well as from age-models for deep-sea sediments. The results are in excellent agreement with a previously determined chronology derived from magnetostratigraphy (Zimmerman et al., 2006). Refs: Singer et al., 2009, EPSL 286: 80-88; Zimmerman et al., 2006, EPSL 252: 94-106

Vazquez, J. A.

2012-12-01

2

Evolution of the continental crust as recorded in accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in precise in situ isotopic analysis by LA-ICPMS and SIMS allow correlating multiple isotopic systems within single grains of accessory minerals such as zircon and monazite. The combined isotope systematics have provided valuable insights into the evolution of the continental crust. Zircon, a common accessory phase in granitoids, can be precisely dated by the U-Pb system. Zircon Lu-Hf isotopic composition is a function of crustal residence time of the magmatic protolith, whereas the O isotopic composition is a sensitive record of reworking of mature sediments such as pelite. An integration of U-Pb, Lu-Hf and O isotopic data for detrital zircons from modern large rivers indicates that: (1) the preserved continental crust dominantly formed between 3.6 and 1.0 Ga, (2) the major mode of crustal development would change during the supercontinent cycle, i.e., the generation of juvenile crust during supercontinent fragmentation versus the stabilization of the generated crust via crustal remelting during supercontinent fragmentation, and (3) reworking of mature sediments increased abruptly at ca. 2.1 Ga. No granitoids are known to have survived since 4.03 Ga. Yet evidence of an even older evolved crust is provided by detrital zircons with ages up to 4.4 Ga from Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Recently, such Hadean zircons have been found from outside the Yilgarn Craton, indicating that the young Earth had widespread granitoid crust. In addition, another accessory phase, monazite, in the Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks offers an unique opportunity to advance our knowledge of early crustal evolution. Monazite, a light rare earth element phosphate mineral, occurs as an igneous accessory phase particularly in low-Ca granitoids, in contrast to the occurrence of igneous zircon in a wide range of granitoids. U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotope systematic of monazite are analogous to U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope systematics of zircon in that they define the timing of the crystallization and magmatic protolith formation (model age), respectively. The lack of monazites having >3.6 Ga crystallization ages as well as >4.0 Ga Nd model ages in the Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks suggests that the source rocks of the Hadean detrital zircons are not low-Ca granitoids and therefore contained few monazites. Given that low-Ca granitoid magmas generated mainly by melting of pre-existing mid-lower crust, this finding may indicate minor intra-crustal melting and, by extension, crustal stabilization until ca. 3.6 Ga. This is consistent with the picture portrayed by the detrital zircons from modern rivers. Presumably, the hotter and rheologically weaker lithospheric mantle fostered many small plates and island arcs early in Earth's history, and the young arc crust was efficiently returned to the mantle via subduction. Accordingly, net growth of continental crust was essentially minor in early Earth's history despite high rates of crust generation.

Iizuka, Tsuyoshi

2013-04-01

3

Next steps in using accessory minerals to date the evolution of silicic magmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, 238U-230Th-206Pb isotopic dating of accessory minerals using the high spatial resolution and sensitivity of ion microprobe analysis has provided new insights into the longevity and thermochemical evolution of silicic magmas, but has also created new questions about the generation, differentiation, and construction of silicic magma chambers. An important conclusion from in situ dating is that accessory minerals such as zircon and allanite in silicic magmas may be 10's to 100's of thousands of years older than their age of eruption. Whether these relatively "old" crystals are derived from long-lived crystal-rich magma reservoirs or inherited due to remelting of frozen intrusions remains a difficult question to answer because long-lived centers of magmatism are characteristically dynamic and are open systems. Nevertheless, not all rhyolites from loci of repeated silicic magmatism carry a dominant "cargo" of antecrystic zircon (or other accessory minerals). Crystal-poor high-silica rhyolites from Coso volcanic field, eastern California, contain a bimodal population of young zircon that yield 238U-230Th ages concordant with their respective late Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar eruption ages, and a population of Mesozoic zircon that are obvious xenocrysts derived from wallrocks. Rhyolites erupted from La Primavera caldera, Mexico, contain zircon and chevkinite that yield 238U-230Th ages that are within 10's of k.y. of their corresponding eruption ages between ca. 125-85 ka. Antecrysts from intrusions related to older episodes of rhyolitic magmatism appear absent or exceedingly rare. The relatively short timescales between crystallization and eruption suggest that these rhyolites, unlike otherwise similar rhyolites from other systems, were tapped shortly after highly effective differentiation and/or reheating. It is apparent that zircon ages alone are insufficient for resolving the thermochemical and differentiation histories of silicic magmas, and need to be keyed to crystal-scale variations in trace element and isotopic composition, and geothermometry, as well as the compositions and ages of associated major and other accessory phases. Combination of accessory mineral dating and geospeedomety may yield unique information because these methods resolve different aspects of magma evolution over long and short timescales. Zircon crystals from a ca. 260 ka post-collapse rhyolite at Yellowstone caldera yield U-Pb ages that are 10's to 100's of k.y. older than their eruption age, whereas diffusion profiles derived from relatively high temperature rims on sanidine and pyroxenes indicate 10's of k.y. residence since heating and rim growth. These contrasting timescales reflect different aspects of magma evolution. The range of zircon ages is likely to reflect a mixture of recycled crystal residue and renewed crystallization, which is supported by petrographic evidence for inherited plutonic cores in pyroxenes. This combined dating may provide a way to test whether any "old" crystals reflect freeze-thaw thermal cycles in the subvolcanic environment or protracted storage of magma in mushy or melt rich reservoirs.

Vazquez, J. A.

2011-12-01

4

Composition variations of accessory lamprophyllite in Lovozero massif: hidden layering of non-cumulus mineral.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Composition variations of accessory lamprophyllite in Lovozero massif: hidden layering of non-cumulus mineral. Lovozero massif is a beautiful sample of layered agpaitic intrusion. Rhythmic modal layering is visible in mountainsides and drill-cores. Recently cryptic layering was found in composition of cumulus minerals: loparite (Kogarko et al., 2002), clinopyroxen (Kogarko, Williams, 2005, Zaitsev, Senin 2006) and eudialite (Kogarko, Williams, 2008). We studied chemical variation of lamprophyllite - a principal accessory mineral of eudialite lujavrites and porthyritic lujavrites of Lovozero massif. Three varieties of compositions discovered in rocks of Lovozero massif: Sr-lamprophyllite, contain <0.2 Ba and ~ 0.08 K(f.u), Ba-Sr lamprophyllite, contain 0.4-0.9 Ba and 0.10-0.20 K (f.u) and baritolamprophyllite, contain 1.4 and more f.u. Ba. Sr lamprophyllite is the most abounded. Sometimes it is corroded by the Ba-lamprophyllite. In crossection of eudialite lugavrite complex Fe content in Sr lamprophyllite increase and Ca content - decrease upward. In porphyritic lujavrites Sr lamprophyllite upward increase Mn content whereas Mg, Ca and Fe content decrease. Ba/Sr ratio does not show any tendency in both cases. Experimental study of lamprophyllite-nepheline diagram and melting of lamprophyllite group minerals show that paragenesys nepheline + lamprophyllite might exist below 833°C and lamprophyllite fractionation must increase Ba/Sr ratio in melt (Zaitsev et al., 2013). Lamprophyllite composition evolution inside one rock (namely from lamprophyllite to barytolamprophyllite) is in agreement with experimentally founded. From other hand, independence of Ba/Sr ration in lamprophyllite from the vertical position of sample shows that lamrophyllite wasn't cumulative mineral during crystallization of magma of Lovozero massif. From these data, features of lamprophyllite composition variations strictly locate they place in crystallization history as a crystallized from interstitial melt. Vertical variations of lamprophyllite composition is conform to variations of pyroxene composition: in clinopyroxen of differentiated and eudialite complex Na,Fe and Ti content increase upward and Ca, Mg - decrease (Kogarko Williams, 2005) in porphyritic lujavrites Na, Ti, Mn content increase and Ca, Mn - decrease (Zaitsev, Senin 2006). These patterns can be explained if we assume that at each level of the lamprophyllite crystallized from melt, equilibrated with pyroxene, formed primarily cumulative matrix of rocks. Thus, the composition of lamprophyllite changes systematically upwards because it inherits patterns composition of primary magmatic clinopyroxene.

Zaitsev, Victor; Kogarko, Lia

2014-05-01

5

Distinctive Accessory Minerals, Textures and Crystal Habits in Biofilm Associated Gypsum Deposits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gypsum-depositing environments near Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico were investigated in order to differentiate the influence of microbial activity versus nonbiological processes upon sedimentary fabrics and minerals. Field sites were located in sabkhas (mudflats and anchialine pools) and in seawater concentration ponds in the salt production facility operated by Exportadora de Sal, S. A. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was classified according to sedimentary environment (e.g., mudflats, anchialine pools, saltern ponds, surface and subsurface sediments), sedimentary texture, mineral composition, crystal habit, brine composition and other geochemical and biological factors. Gypsum types that develop in the absence of biofilms include water column precipitates (pelagic grains) and subsedimentary crystalline discs that form from phreatic brine ripening. Subsedimentary gypsum forming in sabkha environments had a sinuous axial microtexture and poikilitically enclosed detrital particles whereas water column precipitates exhibited euhedral prismatic habits and extensive penetrative twinning. Gypsum that was influenced by biofilms included cumulate crusts and gypsooids / gypsolite developing in anchialine pools and in saltern concentration ponds. Gypsum precipitating within subaqueous benthic microbial mats, or biofilm/sediment surfaces offered compelling evidence of biofilm influence on crystal textures and habits. Biofilm effects include irregular high relief surface textures, accessory minerals (elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, Sr/Ca-sulfate, Mg-oxide and Mg- sulfate) and distinctive crystal habits. Elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, and Sr/Ca-sulfate are known byproducts of bacterially mediated sulfate reduction (BSR). Populations of gypsum crystals within biofilms exhibited euhedral to lensoidal morphologies with unique equant and distorted prismatic forms. These forms had been shown to arise from form- and face-specific inhibition by bioorganic functional groups (Cody, 1991; Cody and Cody 1991). Biofilms therefore may play an active role in influencing brine chemistry, inducing crystallization and modifying crystal habits, evidence of which is preserved in grain morphologies.

Vogel, M.; Des Marais, D.; Jahnke, L.; Parenteau, M.

2008-12-01

6

Accessory Mineral Records of Early Earth Crust-Mantle Systematics: an Example From West Greenland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conditions for the formation and the nature of Earth's early crust are enigmatic due to poor preservation. Before c.4 Ga the only archives are detrital minerals eroded from earlier crust, such as the Jack Hills zircons in western Australia, or extinct isotope systematics. Zircons are particularly powerful since they retain precise records of their ages of crystallisation, and the Lu-Hf radiogenic isotope and O stable isotope systematics of the reservoir from which they crystallised. In principle, this allows insight into the nature of the crust, the mantle reservoir from which the melt was extracted and any reworked material incorporated into that melt. We have used in situ methods to measure U-Pb, O and Lu-Hf within single zircon crystals from tonalitic gneisses from West Greenland in the vicinity of the Isua Supracrustal Belt. They have little disturbed ages of c.3.8 Ga, mantle-like O isotope signatures and Lu-Hf isotope signatures that lie on the CHUR evolution line at 3.8 Ga. These samples have previously been subjected to Pb isotope feldspar and 142Nd whole rock analysis and have helped constrain models in which early differentiation of a proto-crust must have occurred. The CHUR-like Lu-Hf signature, along with mantle-like O signature from these zircons suggests juvenile melt production at 3.8 Ga from undifferentiated mantle, yet the other isotope systems preclude this possibility. Alternatively, this is further strong evidence for a heterogeneous mantle in the early Earth. Whilst zircons afford insight into the nature of the early crust and mantle, it is through the Sm-Nd system that the mantle has traditionally been viewed. Titanite often contains several thousand ppm Nd, making it amenable to precise analysis, and is a common accessory phase. It has a reasonably high closure temperature for Pb and O, and it can retain cores with older ages and distinct REE chemistry. It is often the main accessory phase alongside zircon, and it is the main carrier of Nd within the whole rock such that Nd isotope analysis of titanite may be able to see-through later alteration that may have partially reset the whole rock system. We present new in-situ U-Pb, O and Sm-Nd and high-precision U-Pb ID-TIMS and Sm-Nd MC- ICPMS data from individual or fragmented titanite grains. We discuss how these data complement the zircon data and may help to resolve long-standing debates in ancient gneiss terranes, with utility to the nature and formation of crust on the early Earth.

Storey, C. D.; Hawkesworth, C. J.

2008-12-01

7

Growth, Transport, And/or Breakdown of Accessory Minerals in Migmatites from the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extraction of melts from the lower crust and their subsequent emplacement at higher structural levels is an important differentiation mechanism that leads to the transfer of major and trace elements, volatiles and heat through the crust. Residual migmatites and granulites exposed at the Earth’s surface represent former melt-bearing crust and preserve evidence for melt transport on the micro- and meso-scale. The study of accessory phases, in particular their stabilities in melt-bearing systems and interactions with major minerals, is key to understanding the fluxes of trace and heat-producing elements during crustal anatexis. The Larsemann Hills of Prydz Bay, east Antarctica provide excellent 2-D exposure of granulite facies (c. 7 kbar and 800 °C) metasedimentary rocks and leucognesisses that preserve evidence for in situ partial melting, melt mobilization and connectivity. Leucosome found here contains K-feldspar, quartz, plagioclase, and minor garnet and biotite. Domains of residuum include: a) garnet (with aligned acicular sillimanite inclusions)-cordierite-spinel-ilmenite melanosome, the inferred assemblage remaining after melting and the extraction of some or all of the melt fraction; and b) coarse-grained garnet-sillimanite-cordierite ± biotite selvage zones that formed during melt-wall rock interaction. Petrographic analysis of melanosome, selvage, and leucosome domains has characterized mineral assemblages, structural fabrics and/or reaction textures that reflect the process of melt generation and in some cases reaction between residuum and crystallizing melts. In particular, focus on the textural context of accessory phases (zircon, monazite, apatite) has found that these phases occur as inclusions in and along grain boundaries of major minerals (e.g. garnet). This suggests that these accessory phases grew along with major minerals during partial melting. Detailed trace element characterization of major and accessory phases is being integrated with in situ U-Pb geochronology, and will provide further petrologic and age constraints on the growth, breakdown, or transport (as xenocrysts) of trace-element carriers in the melt system. Our results indicate that zircon growth in migmatitic granulites predominately will occur early during the progression of partial melting, at close to peak temperature conditions. In contrast, late zircon growth during crystallization of partial melts (leucosomes) and leucognesisses may be more limited than typically inferred, with zircon in some crustal melts reflecting entrainment from a source and not in situ crystallization. The results from this study will allow quantification of trace element budgets during partial melting, importantly those that are still residing in residual granulites, and thereby contribute further to our understanding of chemical differentiation of the continental crust.

Matthews, J. A.; Kelly, N. M.

2010-12-01

8

Chemical and spectroscopic characterization of some phosphate accessory minerals from pegmatites of the Sowie Góry Mts, SW Poland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aggregates of phosphate accessory minerals from the Micha?kowa pegmatite in the Sowie Góry Mts, Lower Silesia, southwestern Poland were studied by means of electron microprobe, IR and Raman spectroscopies. Samples of phosphate minerals were collected from the Micha?kowa type locality. Precise chemical analyses in microarea indicate that studied samples are not pure chemical phases, but lamellar intergrowths of various phosphate minerals. These aggregates consist mostly of sarcopside (Fe 2+,Mn 2+,Mg) 3(PO 4) 2 and graftonite (Fe 2+,Mn 2+,Ca) 3(PO 4) 2 with minor amounts of other phosphates. The aims of our study are detailed spectroscopic investigations of sarcopside and graftonite from the Micha?kowa site combined with precise chemical analyses. The authors provide a full spectroscopic characterization of these minerals in the ranges from 1400 to 400 cm -1 - IR investigations and from 1300 to 250 cm -1 - Raman investigations. Spectra of pure sarcopside, pure graftonite and mixture of these minerals are compiled. The results show that Raman microspectroscopy allows discerning sarcopside from graftonite in an easy, non-destructive and fast way. Micro-Raman method is proper to distinguish phases in solid solutions as it allows discerning end-members basing on shifted bands in a spectrum. Spectroscopic characterization is also useful in investigation of the presence of H 2O and OH molecules in structure of studied phosphates. Increased content of such molecules can confirm a higher level of phosphate alterations.

?odzi?ski, M.; Sitarz, M.

2009-04-01

9

Water-compacted Na-bentonite interaction in simulated nuclear fuel disposal conditions: The role of accessory minerals  

SciTech Connect

In an earlier laboratory study, ion exchange processes and smectite alteration were investigated through the interaction between compacted Na-bentonite (Volclay MX-80) and simulated granitic groundwater solutions. In the water, a concentration decrease in Ca, Mg and K, and an increase in Na, HCO{sub 3} and SO{sub 4} were recorded. The total amount of Ca available in the water, however, was found insufficient to account for the recorded formation of Ca-smectite, and it is therefore assumed that the accessory Ca-bearing minerals in the bentonite provide the fundamental source of these cations. X-ray powder diffraction analyses and microscope observations of the bentonite samples were re-conducted. Quartz, feldspars, pyrite, calcite and traces of gypsum were revealed as the primary accessories. In reacted samples, goethite and siderite are found as the secondary mineral products in association with corroded pyrite grains, while calcite and gypsum tend to disappear. From these results it is assumed that the oxygen present in the water and bentonite pore space promotes the oxidation of pyrite (dissolved) and the precipitation of goethite. The pore water pH decreases and calcite is partly dissolved. Through the dissolution, the bulk amount of Ca ions in addition to those arising by diffusion from the water is provided. Some of the reaction-released bicarbonate and Fe{sup 2+} re-precipitate in the bentonite as siderite, while the rest (as also SO{sub 4} ions) diffuse into the water. Though the relative oxygen content in the experiment may be considered higher than that of the repository concept for nuclear fuel disposal (interaction in a semi-closed system with high water/bentonite ratio), the near field geochemistry predictions imply limited oxidizing conditions, which will be characterized by the above-described processes in sulphide-bearing bentonite and occur for some time after the sealing of the repository.

Melamed, A.; Pitkaenen, P. [Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)

1994-12-31

10

Mineral Dissolution and Precipitation due to Carbon Dioxide-Water-Rock Interactions: The Significance of Accessory Minerals in Carbonate Reservoirs (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accessory minerals in carbonate reservoirs, and in the caprocks that seal these reservoirs, can provide insight into multiphase fluid (CO2 + H2O)-rock interactions and the behavior of CO2 that resides in these water-rock systems. Our program integrates field data, hydrothermal experiments, and geochemical modeling to evaluate CO2-water-rock reactions and processes in a variety of carbonate reservoirs in the Rocky Mountain region of the US. These studies provide insights into a wide range of geologic environments, including natural CO2 reservoirs, geologic carbon sequestration, engineered geothermal systems, enhanced oil and gas recovery, and unconventional hydrocarbon resources. One suite of experiments evaluates the Madison Limestone on the Moxa Arch, Southwest Wyoming, a sulfur-rich natural CO2 reservoir. Mineral textures and geochemical features developed in the experiments suggest that carbonate minerals which constitute the natural reservoir will initially dissolve in response to emplacement of CO2. Euhedral, bladed anhydrite concomitantly precipitates in response to injected CO2. Analogous anhydrite is observed in drill core, suggesting that secondary anhydrite in the natural reservoir may be related to emplacement of CO2 into the Madison Limestone. Carbonate minerals ultimately re-precipitate, and anhydrite dissolves, as the rock buffers the acidity and reasserts geochemical control. Another suite of experiments emulates injection of CO2 for enhanced oil recovery in the Desert Creek Limestone (Paradox Formation), Paradox Basin, Southeast Utah. Euhedral iron oxyhydroxides (hematite) precipitate at pH 4.5 to 5 and low Eh (approximately -0.1 V) as a consequence of water-rock reaction. Injection of CO2 decreases pH to approximately 3.5 and increases Eh by approximately 0.1 V, yielding secondary mineralization of euhedral pyrite instead of iron oxyhydroxides. Carbonate minerals also dissolve and ultimately re-precipitate, as determined by experiments in the Madison Limestone, but pyrite will persist and iron oxyhydroxides will not recrystallize.

Kaszuba, J. P.; Marcon, V.; Chopping, C.

2013-12-01

11

Uranium-rich accessory minerals in the peraluminous and perphosphorous Belvís de Monroy pluton (Iberian Variscan belt)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The strongly peraluminous, perphosphorous (<0.85 wt% P2O5) and low-Ca granites from the Belvís de Monroy pluton contain the most U-rich monazite-(Ce) and xenotime known in igneous rocks. Along with these accessory minerals, P-rich zircon occurs, reaching uncommon compositions particularly in the more fractionated units of this zoned pluton. Monazite displays a wide compositional variation of UO2 (<23.13 wt%) and ThO2 (<19.58 wt%), positively correlated with Ca, Si, P, Y and REE. Xenotime shows a high UO2 content (2.37-13.34 wt%) with parallel increases of LREE, Ca and Si. Zircon contains comparatively much lower UO2 (<1.53 wt%) but high P2O5 (<14.91 wt%), Al2O3 (<6.96 wt%), FeO (<2.93 wt%) and CaO (<2.24 wt%) contents. The main mechanism of incorporating large U and Th amounts in studied monazite and U in xenotime is the cheralite-type [(Th,U)4+ + Ca2+ = 2(Y,REE)3+] substitution. Zircon requires several coupled mechanisms to charge balance the P substitution, resulting in non-stoichiometric compositions with low analytical totals. Compositional variations in the studied accessory phases indicate that the substitution mechanisms during crystal growth depend on the availability of non-formula elements. The strong P-rich character of the studied granites increases monazite crystallization, triggering a progressive impoverishment in Th and LREE in the residual melts, and consequently increasing extraordinarily the U content in monazite and xenotime. This is in marked contrast to other peraluminous (I-type or P-poor S-type) granite series. The P-rich and low-Ca peraluminous melt inhibits uraninite crystallization, so contributing to the U availability for monazite and xenotime.

Pérez-Soba, Cecilia; Villaseca, Carlos; Orejana, David; Jeffries, Teresa

2014-05-01

12

Accessory minerals and subduction zone metasomatism: a geochemical comparison of two me??langes (Washington and California, U.S.A.)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The ability of a subducted slab or subducted sediment to contribute many incompatible trace elements to arc source regions may depend on the stabilities of accessory minerals within these rocks, which can only be studied indirectly. In contrast, the role of accessory minerals in lower-T and -P metasomatic processes within paleo-subduction zones can be studied directly in subduction-zone metamorphic terranes. The Gee Point-Iron Mountain locality of the Shuksan Metamorphic Suite, North Cascades, Washington State, is a high-T me??lange of metamafic blocks in a matrix of meta-ultramafic rocks. This me??lange is similar in geologic setting and petrology to the upper part of an unnamed amphibolite unit of the Catalina Schist, Santa Catalina Island, southern California. Both are interpreted as shear zones between mantle and slab rocks that formed during the early stages of subduction. Some garnet amphibolite blocks from the Gee Point-Iron Mountain locality display trace-element enrichments similar to those in counterparts from the Catalina Schist. Some Catalina blocks are highly enriched in Th, rare-earth elements (REE), the high-field-strength elements Ti, Nb, Ta, Zr and Hf (HFSE), U and Sr compared to mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB), and to other garnet amphibolite blocks in the same unit. Textural and geochemical data indicate that accessory minerals of metamorphic origin control the enrichment of Th, REE and HFSE in blocks from both areas. The Mg-rich rinds around blocks and the meta-ultramafic matrix from both me??langes are highly enriched in a large number of trace elements compared to harzburgites, dunites and serpentinites. Evidence for recrystallization or formation of accessory minerals in the former rocks suggests that these minerals control some of the trace-element enrichments. Data from the Gee Point and Catalina me??langes suggest that the accessory minerals titanite, rutile, apatite, zircon and REE-rich epidote play a significant role in the enrichment of trace elements in both mafic and ultramafic rocks during subduction-related fluid-rock interaction. Mobilization of incompatible elements, and deposition of such elements in the accessory minerals of mafic and ultramafic rocks may be fairly common in fluid-rich metamorphic environments in subduction zones. ?? 1993.

Sorensen, S.S.; Grossman, J.N.

1993-01-01

13

Using the potential of accessory minerals: detailed reconstruction of emplacement and crystallization sequence in the Southern Adamello Batholith, N. Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in U-Pb zircon geochronology have revealed the complexities of pluton construction, by multiple injections on 10-100 ka to Ma timescales (Michel et al., 2008, Schaltegger et al., 2009). Using high precision U-Pb dating we are potentially able to describe the duration and evolution of magmatic systems, their crystallization and emplacement within the crust. The potential exists to better understand these processes by detailed study of accessory minerals. The trace element and isotopic characteristics of accessory minerals makes them important information carriers for tracking changes in a magma through time. High precision U-Pb dating, using CA-ID-TIMS and employing the ET2535 tracer solution for <0.1% precision and accuracy on 206Pb/238U zircon and titanite dates, and trace element analyses of zircon and titanite, combined with Hf isotope analysis of zircon are presented for the investigation of a complex magmatic system. This study focuses on the Val Fredda Complex (VFC) in the southern tip of the 43 to 32 Ma Adamello batholith, N. Italy. The VFC displays complex relationships among mafic melts that were injected into solidifying felsic magmas. The mafic units crystallized potential autocrystic zircons over a duration of 100 ka, with the majority of zircons co-crystallizing with titanite. The TIMS-TEA method (Schoene et al., 2010) allows us to analyze trace elements on the same volume of zircon/titanite used for U-Pb dating. Mafic zircon and titanite trace elements (e.g., Eu/Eu* and Sr) suggest that these accessory minerals crystallized prior to plagioclase fractionation. Based on experiments (Ulmer et al., 1983) and the trace element data from this study, we suggest that the mafic zircons and titanites do not represent in situ crystallization and therefore are more likely antecrystic. Data from the VFC felsic units show more complex zircon populations, including xenocrystic, antecrystic and autocrystic zircons. These felsic units have apparent autocrystic zircon growth over 100 to 200 ka, with zircons co-crystallizing with titanites during the final 20 to 50 ka. While zircon/chondrite normalized REE patterns do not vary with differentiation, titanite REE patterns reveal changes with differentiation, mostly within the LREEs and Eu/Eu*. Based on trace element fractionation we suggest that felsic zircons and titanites crystallized in situ and represent autocrystic growth. The oldest autocrystic zircon may approximate the injection of the respective magma pulses into the host rock, whereas the youngest zircon and titanite indicate final crystallization at the solidus in a stagnant interstitial melt. We acknowledge funding of FNS in the frame of ProDoc Adamello 4-D. Michel et al., 2008, Geol. 36 : 459-462 ; Schaltegger et al., 2009, Earth Planet. Sci.Lett. 286: 208-218; Schoene et al., 2010, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 7144-7159; Ulmer et al., 1983, Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 26 : 171-222

Broderick, C. A.; Schaltegger, U.; Frick, D.; Guenther, D.; Brack, P.

2011-12-01

14

Distinctive Accessory Minerals, Textures and Crystal Habits in Biofilm Associated Gypsum Deposits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gypsum-depositing environments near Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico were investigated in order to differentiate the influence of microbial activity versus nonbiological processes upon sedimentary fabrics and minerals. Field sites were located in sabkhas (mudflats and anchialine pools) and in seawater concentration ponds in the salt production facility operated by Exportadora de Sal, S. A. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was classified according

M. Vogel; D. Des Marais; L. Jahnke; M. Parenteau

2008-01-01

15

Yo-yo subduction recorded by accessory minerals in the Italian Western Alps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-pressure metamorphic rocks form during subduction of Earth's crust to mantle depths at convergent plate margins. Their exposure at the surface of Earth today provides a record of the subduction zone process. In general, such metamorphic rocks record only a single cycle of subduction and exhumation, yet tectonic models suggest that individual rock units should undergo multiple subduction-exhumation cycles. Here we investigate the microstructure and chemical composition of metamorphic minerals in high-pressure rocks exposed in the Sesia zone in the Italian Western Alps. We find that the minerals white mica, garnet, allanite and zircon each exhibit multiple generations of mineral overgrowths. In particular, two generations of white mica with high-silicon content, indicative of formation at high pressure, are separated by an overgrowth with low-silicon content that formed during exhumation at low pressures. Furthermore, the trace-element signatures of distinct zones within zircon and allanite also reveal two episodes of high-pressure metamorphism, separated by a period of rapid exhumation. We use uranium-lead dating of zircon and allanite overgrowths to constrain the timing of this subduction-exhumation-subduction cycle to 79-65Myr ago. We conclude that slices of the Sesia zone crust experienced two cycles of burial to mantle depths in less than 20million years. The yo-yo subduction occurred during oblique convergence between the African and European plates, which involved a continental margin.

Rubatto, Daniela; Regis, Daniele; Hermann, Jörg; Boston, Katherine; Engi, Martin; Beltrando, Marco; McAlpine, Sarlae R. B.

2011-05-01

16

Dating widespread tephras and their proximal equivalents by SIMS analysis of accessory mineral rims and by argon geochronology (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dating the deposition of regionally distributed ash beds whose vent-proximal equivalents are unknown, eroded, or buried by the products of younger eruptions may be challenging because the potassium-rich minerals necessary for high-precision argon geochronology are absent, too small, or altered. Where correlative proximal deposits can be identified, juvenile pyroclasts can be sampled to date their coarse-grained crystals. Zircon is the premier mineral for dating via the U-Pb system, and is commonly present in distal ash beds produced by eruption of silicic magma. However, zircon often yields ages older than eruption due to protracted crystallization in subvolcanic magma chambers, recycling of antecrysts, and/or inheritance. High-spatial resolution sampling of unpolished crystal faces on indium-mounted zircon and other accessory minerals via SIMS (ion microprobe) analysis provides U-Pb or 238U-230Th ages for the final few micrometers of rim crystallization, and represents an alternative technique for avoiding, or at least minimizing, the aforementioned problems. To explore the utility of this technique for dating distal tephras erupted from Quaternary volcanoes in the western United States, we performed U-Pb and U-Th dating of unpolished rims on zircon and allanite in tandem with sanidine 40Ar/39Ar dating for rhyolitic ash beds and proximal pyroclastic deposits or lava associated with a variety of Pleistocene eruptions. Tephra beds generated by late Pleistocene eruptions from Mono Craters, east-central California, are distributed over a significant area of the Great Basin, but their ages have been difficult to resolve due to contamination by sanidine xenocrysts and accidental lithic clasts. Rims on zircon and allanite from a regionally distributed tephra and its correlative rhyolite dome in the Mono Craters both yield U-Th isochron ages of ca. 21 ka, which are indistinguishable from the 40Ar/39Ar age for sanidine from the dome. A distinct tephra that erupted from Mono Craters during a pronounced geomagnetic excursion yields a zircon-allanite rim isochron age of ca. 42 ka [1], which matches the independent 40Ar/39Ar [2] and astronomical [3] age for the Laschamp Excursion. U-Pb dating of rims on zircon from proximal and distal Lava Creek Tuff, which erupted during the formation of Yellowstone caldera and blanketed much of the western United States, yields crystallization ages that match the 40Ar/39Ar age for associated sanidine. Postcaldera rhyolites that erupted within Yellowstone caldera between ca. 260 ka and ca. 70 ka exhibit similar concordance between U-Pb or U-Th ages for rims and their respective 40Ar/39Ar ages for sanidine, although variable amounts of crystal recycling are observed. Our results for various rhyolites indicate that high-spatial resolution dating of unpolished rims from zircon × allanite can effectively resolve eruption ages for distal tephras that elude dating by other techniques because of crystal recycling. [1] Vazquez and Lidzbarski, 2012, EPSL 357-358: 54, [2] Singer et al., 2009, EPSL 286: 80, [3] Channell et al., 2012, G-cubed 13: 1

Vazquez, J. A.; Calvert, A. T.; Matthews, N. E.; Till, C.; Stelten, M. E.; Cooper, K. M.; Marcaida, M.; Lidzbarski, M. I.; Coble, M. A.

2013-12-01

17

A new method fingerprinting magmatic processes using combined U/Pb ID-TIMS geochronology and accessory mineral geochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zircon is commonly used as a recorder of magmatic processes because of its utility in geochronology and ability to retain primary growth information at prolonged magmatic conditions. Recent applications of U-Pb ID-TIMS geochronology have shown that precision on dates of single zircons are often far smaller than the time-scales of magmatic systems. The result is that dates on such grains record various processes occurring over an interval of time during the production, mobilisation, and emplacement of magmas. Combining age information with geochemical data from the same zircons has proved a useful tool, but thus far has been restricted to low-precision in situ dating techniques. Furthermore, these techniques have been unable to combine age data with trace element geochemistry on the same volume of zircon. We have developed a new technique that combines high-precision ID-TIMS dating with geochemical characterization on the exact same material. U and Pb are commonly separated from the other chemical constituents by ion exchange chemistry during sample preparation. We retain this fraction and analyse it using solution nebulization ICP-SFMS with matrix-matched external liquid calibration. We measured elements such as Zr, Hf, Y, Sc, and the REE, which are present in solution at between 10 and >105 ppt; Hf isotopes are subsequently measured on the same solution. Data obtained using this approach allow us to distinguish between models for melt generation, transport, and assembly of the ca. 40 Ma composite mafic to felsic Re di Castello pluton, Adamello batholith, northern Italy. Coupled with age uncertainties on single zircons as low as 10,000 years, zircon geochemistry preserves a rich record of fractional crystallization, crustal assimilation and magma mixing over timescales of <20,000 to >400,000 years. These data can also be used to distinguish between auto-, xeno-, and antecrystic zircon. Combined with field observation and U-Pb sphene thermochronology, we show that this pluton was assembled through the incremental intrusion of small magmatic pulses in the upper crust following the storage and modification of larger magma batches at depth. Application of our method to a wider range of U-Pb accessory minerals combined with analytical improvements will widen the breadth of its application and contribute to our understanding of magmatic processes as a function of time.

Schoene, B.; Schaltegger, U.; Latkoczy, C.; Günther, D.

2009-12-01

18

Enhancing in-situ U-series accessory mineral chronometry to constrain pace and processes of magma accumulation, storage, and eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, deciphering absolute crystallization ages at micro-scales through in-situ U-series dating has spearheaded conceptual changes in the understanding of how magmas evolve en route to the surface. U-Th and U-Pb zircon geochronology by secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) now routinely accesses a continuous age spectrum extending well into the Holocene with ka precision for individual analysis spots ~25 - 40 ?m in diameter. SIMS depth profiling further increases spatial resolution at least tenfold. These developments are epitomized by studies that document multiple generations of zircon growth, predating eruptions by 10's to 100's of ka, as common features in silicic volcanics. Recently, these methods have been enhanced by (1) linking ages to Ti-in-zircon thermometry and trace element or oxygen isotopic fingerprinting; (2) tracking compositional changes with age in accessory minerals sensitive to magma differentiation, such as allanite; and (3) combining U-Th zircon ages with other chronometers, such as (U-Th)/He zircon or 226Ra-230Th-238U plagioclase dating. The emerging picture reveals a wide gamut of processes acting in magma bodies, including piecemeal, compartmentalized magma aggregation, protracted and thermally retrograde crystal storage coupled with magma differentiation, thermal rejuvenation and recycling of crystal mushes and solidified intrusions or magma chamber rinds, and wall rock assimilation. For the future, experimental constraints on accessory mineral-melt partitioning (e.g., Ayers and Luo, 2008: Geochim Cosmochim Acta, v. 72, p. A39) promise to put interpretation of zircon compositions on firmer footing, as is the case for additional accessory mineral saturation calibrations and improved modeling of existing ones (e.g., Harrison et al., 2007: Geology, v. 35, p. 635-638). By the same token, new experimental constraints on U-series element partitioning (e.g., Miller et al., 2007: Am Min, v. 92, p. 1535-1538) should enhance precision and applicability of mineral chronometers. Moreover, analytical advances in high spatial resolution SIMS hold promise for utilizing melt inclusions in zircon as an additional repository for constraining the chemical and thermal evolution of magmas.

Schmitt, A. K.

2008-12-01

19

REE, Zr, and Th-rich titanite and associated accessory minerals from a kersantite in the Frankenwald, Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The mineral chemistry of a Variscan lamprophyre (kersantite) from the Frankenwald, Germany, has been investigated by electron\\u000a microprobe. This potassic, Si-saturated, mafic rock contains an assemblage of different generations of titanite and allanite-(Ce),\\u000a Th-rich zircon, and metamict REE–Ti–Zr–Th silicates. The primary ferroan-ceroan titanite contains unusually high contents\\u000a of REE2O3 (max. (?La to Sm)+Y = 36.8 oxide wt.%), ZrO2 (max. 5.4?wt.%),

W. Seifert

2005-01-01

20

REE-, Zr-, and Th-rich titanite and associated accessory minerals from a kersantite in the Frankenwald, Germany  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mineral chemistry of a Variscan lamprophyre (kersantite) from the Frankenwald, Germany, has been investigated by electron microprobe. This potassic, Si-saturated, mafic rock contains an assemblage of different generations of titanite and allanite-(Ce), Th-rich zircon, and metamict REE Ti Zr Th silicates. The primary ferroan-ceroan titanite contains unusually high contents of REE2O3 (max. (?La to Sm)+Y = 36.8 oxide wt.%), ZrO2 (max. 5.4 wt.%), and ThO2 (max. 3.1 wt.%). Its empirical formula averages to (Ca0.31 La0.17 Ce0.30 Pr0.03 Nd0.08 Sm0.01 Y0.01 Fe2+ 0.06 Th0.02 Mn0.01)?1.00 (Ti0.60 Fe2+ 0.22 Al0.06 Zr0.07 Mg0.04 Nb0.01)?1.00 O1.00(Si0.93 Al0.07)?1.00 O4. Element correlations reveal operation of the complex substitution Ca2++Ti4++Th4+ ? REE3++Al3++Zr4+. In comparison to allanite-(Ce), ferroan-ceroan titanite preferentially incorporated the LREE and Th. This finding is inconsistent with previous experimental studies and suggests that both minerals are not cogenetic. High Zr contents in titanite, usually known only from Si-undersaturated alkaline rocks, and the predominance of Fe2+ suggest that the ferroan-ceroan titanite crystallized from an alkali-rich, low- fO2 residual melt.

Seifert, W.

2005-07-01

21

Matching Accessories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Heterodimerization enhances the complexity of ligand recognition and diversity of signaling responses of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Many accessory proteins (for ion channels or GPCRs) appear to associate with their partners relatively early in the process whereby proteins are transported to the cell surface; their roles in modulating function may have evolved out of simple proximity to a protein that once upon a time they either facilitated or accompanied through the maturation process. The receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) are a family of single-transmembrane accessory proteins that heterodimerize with GPCRs and, thereby, allow individual GPCRs to recognize multiple ligands and to activate various signaling pathways in response to ligand binding. The M10 family of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class 1b proteins has recently been shown to associate with murine vomeronasal V2R receptors, as well as to escort them to the cell surface. The exact role of M10 in modulating V2R function (or vice versa) remains to be determined.

Steven M. Foord (Stevenage;Target Bioinformatics, GlaxoSmithKline Medicine Research Centre REV)

2003-07-08

22

Fatigue properties for the fracture strength of columnar accessory minerals embedded within metamorphic tectonites: implications for stress magnitude in continental crust at the depth of the brittle-plastic transition zone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Introduction Previous studies have compiled yield-strength profiles of continental lithosphere based on the results of laboratory measurements and numerical calculations; however, yield-strength values remain poorly constrained, especially at depths below the brittle-plastic transition zone. Recent studies by the authors have refined the microboudin technique for estimating palaeostress magnitude in the deep crust (> 10 km depth). This technique has the potential to provide important information on stress levels in the deep continental crust, an environment to which available in situ stress measurements and palaeopiezometric methods cannot be applied. In applying the microboudinage technique, obtaining an estimate of the palaeostress magnitude requires knowledge of the fracture strength of columnar accessory minerals (e.g., tourmaline, amphibole, and epidote) that are subjected to brittle fracturing during plastic deformation of the surrounding matrix minerals. The absolute magnitude of fracture strength is known to show a marked reduction in the case of fatigue fracture. Fatigue fracture falls into two categories: static fatigue and cyclic fatigue. In the field of experimental rock deformation, stress corrosion by water molecules (static fatigue) is commonly invoked as the mechanism of fatigue fracture; however, evidence of both static and cyclic fatigue has been reported from studies of natural geological samples. The present study focused on the fatigue properties of columnar accessory minerals at high temperatures, with the aim of improving the accuracy of estimates of natural palaeostress magnitude at depth in the crust. 2. Constant stress-rate test A constant stress-rate test was performed to determine the influence of static fatigue on the strength of columnar accessory minerals. The test was conducted under three-point bending with a span distance of 10 mm. Temperature conditions and the crosshead speed were set in the ranges of ambient to 600°C, and 0.0005 to 0.2 mm/min, respectively. Pressure and relative humidity were set to room conditions. Tourmaline was chosen for testing (as representative of columnar accessory minerals embedded within metamorphic tectonites) because this is the only mineral for which crystals are available of sufficient size and quality. A total of 120 prism-shaped tourmaline test pieces (dimensions, 2×2×12 mm) were prepared from a single tourmaline block collected from Minas Gerais, Brazil. The flexural strength of tourmaline shows a clear decrease with decreasing crosshead speed at ambient temperature (with n ? 15 as the static fatigue parameter); however, this trend weakens with increasing temperature (n > 50); that is, the influence of static fatigue on the strength of tourmaline decreases with increasing temperature. A comparable result has been reported for glass materials because of difficulties in the absorption of moisture on sample surfaces under high-temperature conditions. The fabric pattern of fracture planes developed in tourmaline specimens in the present study, which show rectilinear scratches, arrests, or Wallner lines on smooth surfaces, is similar to that observed for glass materials. 3. Fractography of naturally deformed minerals A ‘striation-like' pattern resulting from cyclic fatigue fracture was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of a natural fracture plane developed within marble-hosted amphibole. The sample was collected from the eastern flank of the Red River shear zone (Luc Yen district), northern Vietnam. The brittle fracturing of amphibole (open fractures were filled by calcite, which deforms plastically) is considered to have occurred at 6 km depth at 25 Ma, based on geological criteria. 4. Order of stress magnitude in continental crust at the depth of the brittle-plastic transition zone Assuming that the fracture behaviour of columnar accessory minerals during the development of microboudinage is independent of the mineral species, the above results raise the possibility that the fracturing of columnar accessory mineral

Kimura, N.; Iwashita, N.; Masuda, T.

2009-04-01

23

Rare-element granitic pegmatite of Miocene age emplaced in UHP rocks from Visole, Pohorje Mountains (Eastern Alps, Slovenia): accessory minerals, monazite and uraninite chemical dating  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The granitic pegmatite dike intruded the Cretaceous UHP rocks at Visole, near Slovenska Bistrica, in the Pohorje Mountains (Slovenia). The rock consists mainly of K-feldspar, albite and quartz, subordinate muscovite and biotite, while the accessory minerals include spessartine-almandine, zircon, ferrocolumbite, fluorapatite, monazite- (Ce), uraninite, and magnetite. Compositions of garnet (Sps48-49Alm45-46Grs + And3-4 Prp1.5-2), metamict zircon with 3.5 to 7.8 wt. % HfO2 [atom. 100Hf/(Hf + Zr) = 3.3-7.7] and ferrocolumbite [atom. Mn/(Mn + Fe) = 0.27-0.43, Ta/(Ta + Nb) = 0.03-0.46] indicate a relatively low to medium degree of magmatic fractionation, characteristic of the muscovite - rare-element class or beryl-columbite subtype of the rare-element class pegmatites. Monazite-(Ce) reveals elevated Th and U contents (?11 wt. % ThO2, ?5 wt. % UO2). The monazite-garnet geothermometer shows a possible precipitation temperature of ~495 ± 30 °C at P~4 to 5 kbar. Chemical U-Th-Pb dating of the monazite yielded a Miocene age (17.2 ± 1.8 Ma), whereas uraninite gave a younger (~14 Ma) age. These ages are comtemporaneous with the main crystallization and emplacement of the Pohorje pluton and adjacent volcanic rocks (20 to 15 Ma), providing the first documented evidence of Neogene granitic pegmatites in the Eastern Alps. Consequently, the Visole pegmatite belongs to the youngest rare-element granitic pegmatite populations in Europe, together with the Paleogene pegmatite occurrences along the Periadriatic (Insubric) Fault System in the Alps and in the Rhodope Massif, as well as the Late Miocene to Pliocene pegmatites in the Tuscany magmatic province (mainly on the Island of Elba).

Uher, Pavel; Janák, Marian; Kone?ný, Patrik; Vrabec, Mirijam

2014-04-01

24

Tracking hydrothermal alteration and mineralization in rock-forming and accessory minerals from the Lyon Mountain Granite and related iron oxide apatite (IOA) ores from the Adirondack Mountains, New York State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lyon Mountain granite (LMG) is located in the northeastern Adirondack Mountains in New York State and hosts several low-titanium iron oxide apatite (IOA) ore deposits. The ores are predominately hosted by perthite bearing granite, which has been extensively altered to albite and microcline granite by Na and K metasomatism. This alteration results in several distinct groups of rocks that are dominated by either K or Na addition and a group composed of mixed Na and K addition. The different groups of altered perthite also lie on a trend suggestive of addition of Fe to each, consistent with a secondary mineralization origin. Previous work showed that the host rocks of the IOA ores have zircon with ~1150 Ma cores and 1060-1050 Ma rims and whole grains. This study aims to further constrain the timing of LMG emplacement, subsequent hydrothermal alteration, and Fe mineralization through geochemical analysis of the major, minor, and accessory phases and geochronology of accessory phases. SIMS analyses of zircon from several of the IOA ores reveal at least two periods of growth after LMG magmatism, at 1039 +/- 4.4 Ma and 1016 +/- 7 Ma to 1000 +/- 9 Ma. In situ EMPA and LA-ICPMS trace element analyses of the zircon rims and cores reveal that in two samples the zircon rims are enriched in rare earth elements (REE) compared to their cores, potentially pointing to a hydrothermal origin. Apatite has unusually high REE and Y concentrations (some total REE2O3 > 20 wt. % oxide and up to 8 wt. % oxide Y2O3), as does titanite, which allowed for the in situ analysis of Sm-Nd in apatite and titanite by LA-MC-ICP-MS. Initial Nd isotopic composition of both ore and host rock apatite and host rock titanite are consistent with published Adirondack initial Nd whole rock data, suggesting a local source for REE in these ores. EMPA and LA-ICPMS trace-element analyses of the major rock-forming minerals indicate that the feldspar have undergone Na-metasomatism and are depleted in REEs, perhaps signifying the "local source" and the mechanism of the REE enrichment in the LMG apatite in the IOA ores and host rocks. In contrast, the minor- and trace-element compositions of the other major rock-forming minerals (e.g., clinopyroxene and fayalite) as well as the zircon, and fluorite in the LMG have average igneous granitic trace- and minor-element compositions. To better understand the timing and origin of these post ~1050 Ma events, U-Pb ID-TIMS dating of apatite and titanite, and in situ LA-MC-ICPMS Sm-Nd analysis were done on the ore and host rock samples. Apatite dates range from 1050 to 850 Ma and titanite dates range from ~1015 to 970 Ma. There is significant age variation within samples and within grains. Titanite does not have sufficient spread for accurate Sm-Nd isochron dating and two ore-apatite samples have homogenous initial Nd isotopic and Sm-Nd elemental ratios, precluding calculation of Sm-Nd dates. A third ore sample shows a large spread in Sm-Nd and yields a Sm-Nd isochron date of ~850 Ma, in close agreement with U-Pb apatite dates. The Sm-Nd isochron and U-Pb apatite dates may reflect cooling recorded in these minerals or a younger hydrothermal mineralization event.

Buchanan, A.; Hanchar, J. M.; Steele-MacInnis, M. J.; Crowley, J. L.; Valley, P. M.; Fisher, C. M.; Fedo, C.; Piccoli, P. M.; Fournelle, J.

2012-12-01

25

Zr-rich layers electrodeposited onto stainless steel cladding during the electrorefining of EBR-II fuel  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Argonne National Laboratory is developing an electrometallurgical treatment for spent nuclear fuels. The initial demonstration of this process is being conducted on U-Zr alloy fuel elements irradiated in the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II). We report the first metallographic characterization of cladding hull remains for the electrometallurgical treatment of spent metallic fuel. During the electrorefining process, Zr-rich layers, with some U, deposit on all exposed surfaces of irradiated cladding segments (hulls) that originally contained the fuel alloy that was being treated. In some cases, not only was residual Zr (and U) found inside the cladding hulls, but a Zr-rind was also observed near the interior cladding hull surface. The Zr-rind was originally formed during the fuel casting process on the fuel slug. The observation of Zr deposits on all exposed cladding surfaces is explained with thermodynamic principles, when two conditions are met. These conditions are partial oxidation of Zr and the presence of residual uranium in the hulls when the electrorefining experiment is terminated. Comparisons are made between the structure of the initial irradiated fuel before electrorefining and the morphology of the material remaining in the cladding hulls after electrorefining.

Keiser, Dennis D., Jr.; Mariani, Robert D.

26

Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

Minerals are important for your body to stay healthy. Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including building bones, making ... regulating your heartbeat. There are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals are minerals your ...

27

The Laser Accessory Market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wandering through the exhibit hall yesterday, I noticed that if you look at the laser companies and if you look at the accessory companies, there are pretty much the same number of accessory booths as well as the laser companies. There was one difference. Laser company booths are all sexy looking, very flashy, big booths. Whereas if you look at the accessories booths, they were small, not so prominent.

Desai, Ashvin

1988-09-01

28

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive lesson on minerals starts with a definition of minerals and compares crystalline and amorphous minerals. The composition is discussed and a chart shows the relative amounts of elements in minerals. Next, there is a discussion of the characteristics by which minerals are identified including luster, color, streak, hardness, and cleavage and fracture along with special properties such as magnetism. The characteristics of calcite, talc, hematite, magnetite, and galena are then observed.

29

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is from James Madison University's Department of Geology and Environmental Science. It provides an introduction to minerals, an alphabetical list of minerals and dichotomous keys to identifying minerals in PDF. There are also links to other department pages on igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

Fichter, Lynn S.

2000-09-13

30

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This slide show provides students with basic information on mineralogy. It explains how the term "mineral" is defined, the properties that are used to identify minerals, their importance in daily life, and some general facts. For each identifying property, an example mineral and photograph are provided. Addresses to websites with additional information are also included.

Passow, Michael

31

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Create a poster about minerals! Directions: Make a poster about minerals. (20 points) Include at least (1) large picture (15 points) on your poster complete with labels of every part (10 points). (15 points) Include at least three (3) facts about minerals. (5 points each) (15 points) Write at ...

Walls, Mrs.

2011-01-30

32

Male accessory gland infection.  

PubMed

Male accessory gland infection (MAGI) is a consequence of canalicular spreading of agents via urethra, prostate gland, seminal vesicles, deferent duct, epididymis and testis. Haematogenous infections are rare. The main infectious agents are Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis, and also enterobacteriae at a lesser frequency. Characteristic symptoms of MAGI are leukocytospermia, enhanced concentration of cytokines and reactive oxygen species. As complications, obstruction of the ductus epididymidis and/or another duct section, impairment of spermatogenesis in orchitis, impairment of sperm function, and dysfunctions of the male accessory glands may occur. Reduction of male fertility is a rare consequence. The treatment has to consider specific antibiotics. PMID:18336461

Krause, W

2008-04-01

33

Mineralogy and petrogenesis of a Ba-Ti-Zr-rich peralkaline dyke from Šebkovice (Czech Republic): Recognition of the most lamproitic Variscan intrusion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A peralkaline, ultrapotassic dyke found at Šebkovice (T?ebí? district, western Moravia) is a mineralogically extreme member of a dyke swarm occurring along the south-eastern border of the Moldanubian Region of the Bohemian Massif. The dyke shows a simple zoning, with a very fine-grained marginal zone grading into a medium-grained central zone. It has a primary mineral assemblage of microcline and potassic amphiboles, with accessory apatite and altered phlogopite. The microcline exhibits an unusual red luminescence colour and pronounced substitution of Fe3+ for Al, with measured contents of Fe2O3 up to 8.5 wt.% (0.31 apfu Fe3+). Amphiboles have very high K (up to 0.99 apfu) and Si contents; their compositions follow an alkaline fractionation trend from potassic-richterite to potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite, characterized by an increase of Na/K and a decrease of Ca, Mg, Fe2+ and Ti via heterovalent substitutions [B]Ca + [C](Mg,Fe2+) ? [B]Na + [C]Fe3+ and Ti + Mg ? 2Fe3+. The most evolved apatite is significantly enriched in SrO (up to 9.7 wt.%; 0.49 apfu Sr). The core of the dyke and late veinlets contain unique late- to post-magmatic Ba-Ti-Zr-bearing mineral assemblages of baotite, henrymeyerite, titanite, rutile, benitoite and bazirite. Anhedral baotite fills interstices distributed inhomogeneously in the dyke centre; it is locally replaced by a Ba-bearing titanite + henrymeyerite + rutile + quartz assemblage. Henrymeyerite (the second record in a lamproite) shows variable Fe/Ti ratios and represents a solid solution of the hepta- and hexatitanate components. Euhedral crystals of benitoite and bazirite are enclosed in the late-stage quartz-titanite-apatite veinlets in the fine-grained margin of the intrusion. In terms of a mineralogical-genetic classification, the Šebkovice dyke can be considered as a new high-silica (~ 57 wt.% SiO2) variety of lamproite (variety Šebkovice), and represents a unique expression of post-collisional potassic magmatism on the south-eastern border of the Bohemian Massif. The peralkaline dykes from this area show mineralogical and geochemical features similar to those of silica-rich orogenic lamproites emplaced at destructive plate margins. In terms of the modern classification of lamproites, the Šebkovice dyke is the first lamproite recognised in the Variscan orogenic belt.

Krmí?ek, Lukáš; Cempírek, Jan; Havlín, Aleš; P?ichystal, Antonín; Houzar, Stanislav; Krmí?ková, Michaela; Gadas, Petr

2011-01-01

34

Crystallization of accessory phases in magmas by local saturation adjacent to phenocrysts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Accessory minerals commonly occur attached to or included in the major crystalline phases of felsic and some intermediate igneous rocks. Apatite is particularly common as inclusions, but Fe-Ti oxides, pyrrhotite, zircon, monazite, chevkinite and xenotime are also known from silicic rocks. Accessories may nucleate near the host crystal/ liquid interface as a result of local saturation owing to formation of a differentiated chemical boundary layer in which accessory mineral solubility would be lower than in the surrounding liquid. Differentiation of this boundary layer would be greatest adjacent to ferromagnesian phenocrysts, especially Fe-Ti oxides; it is with oxides that accessories are most commonly associated in rocks. A boundary layer may develop if the crystal grows more rapidly than diffusion can transport incorporated and rejected elements to and from the phenocryst. Diffusion must dominate over convection as a mode of mass transfer near the advancing crystal/liquid interface in order for a boundary layer to exist. Accumulation of essential structural constituent elements of accessory minerals owing to their slow diffusion in evolved silicate melt also may force local saturation, but this is not a process that applies to all cases. Local saturation is an attractive mechanism for enhancing fractionation during crystallization differentiation. If accessory minerals attached to or included in phenocrysts formed because of local saturation, their host phenocrysts must have grown rapidly when accessories nucleated in comparison to lifetimes of magma reservoirs. Some inconsistencies remain in a local saturation origin for accessory phases that cannot be evaluated without additional information. ?? 1989.

Bacon, C.R.

1989-01-01

35

Accessories Around the Clock.  

E-print Network

Accessories Around the Clock RHEBA MERLE BOYLES GRAHAM HARD NENA ROBERSON FANNIE BROWN EATON Extension Clothing Specialists k. The Texas A. a M. College System 2? well-dressed woman of today believes a wardrobe of fewer q, well chosen... for a short time and are adapfed- by only a few. Some fads can be practical but often they grade you down on appearance. Good taste is realizing the importance of wearing the right clothes for the occasion and the individual. Acc on l m o HINTS...

Boyles, Rheba Merle; Hard, Graham; Roberson, Nena; Eaton, Fannie Brown

1958-01-01

36

Accessory scrotum in the perineum  

PubMed Central

A case of accessory scrotum in a 2-day-old male infant is reported because of its rarity. An overview of sequences during the normal development of male external genitalia has been provided and the deranged mechanism resulting in this anomaly has been reviewed with hypotheses regarding etiology of accessory scrotum. PMID:22121322

Kumar, Pananghat A.; Arunachalam, Pavai; Kumar, Prasanna N.

2011-01-01

37

minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polarized electronic absorption spectra of colourless chalcocyanite, CuSO4, have been measured using microscope-spectrometric techniques. The spectra are characterized by a structured and clearly polarized band system in the near-infrared spectral range with components centred at 11,720, 10,545, 9,100, and 7,320 cm-1, which have been assigned to crystal field d- d transitions of Cu2+ cations in pseudo-tetragonally elongated CuO6 polyhedra with point symmetry C i (). The polarization behaviour is interpreted based on a D 2( C 2?) pseudo-symmetry. Crystal field calculations were performed for the actual triclinic point symmetry by applying the Superposition Model of crystal fields, as well as in terms of a `classic' pseudo-tetragonal crystal field approach yielding the parameters Dq (eq) = 910, Dt = 395, and Ds = 1,336 cm-1, corresponding to a cubically averaged Dq cub = 679 cm-1. A comparative survey on crystal fields in Cu2+ minerals shows that the low overall crystal field strength in chalcocyanite, combined with a comparatively weak pseudo-tetragonal splitting of energy levels, is responsible for its unique colourless appearance among oxygen-based Cu2+ minerals. The weak crystal field in CuSO4 can be related to the lower position of the SO4 2- anion compared to, e.g. the H2O molecule in the spectrochemical series of ligands.

Wildner, Manfred; Giester, Gerald; Kersten, Monika; Langer, Klaus

2014-10-01

38

news update Fashion Accessory Design  

E-print Network

. Her work was inspired by the patterns of floor tiles, and she incorporated domestic knittingnews update let's talk Fashion Accessory Design Fashion Design Fashion Knitwear Design and Knitted-year Fashion Knitwear Design and Knitted Textiles student Thea Sanders won the top knitwear prize at the event

Evans, Paul

39

Recent insights into HIV accessory proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV produces structural, regulatory, and accessory proteins during viral replication in host cells. The accessory proteins\\u000a include Nef, viral infectivity factor (Vif), viral protein R, and viral protein U or viral protein X. Although these accessory\\u000a proteins are generally dispensable for viral replication in vitro, they are essential for viral pathogenesis in vivo. Consequently,\\u000a there has been much interest in

Jenny L. Anderson; Thomas J. Hope

2003-01-01

40

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

41

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

42

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

43

Advanced Accessory Power Supply Topologies  

SciTech Connect

This Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) began December 8, 2000 and ended September 30, 2009. The total funding provided by the Participant (General Motors Advanced Technology Vehicles [GM]) during the course of the CRADA totaled $1.2M enabling the Contractor (UT-Battelle, LLC [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a.k.a. ORNL]) to contribute significantly to the joint project. The initial task was to work with GM on the feasibility of developing their conceptual approach of modifying major components of the existing traction inverter/drive to develop low cost, robust, accessory power. Two alternate methods for implementation were suggested by ORNL and both were proven successful through simulations and then extensive testing of prototypes designed and fabricated during the project. This validated the GM overall concept. Moreover, three joint U.S. patents were issued and subsequently licensed by GM. After successfully fulfilling the initial objective, the direction and duration of the CRADA was modified and GM provided funding for two additional tasks. The first new task was to provide the basic development for implementing a cascaded inverter technology into hybrid vehicles (including plug-in hybrid, fuel cell, and electric). The second new task was to continue the basic development for implementing inverter and converter topologies and new technology assessments for hybrid vehicle applications. Additionally, this task was to address the use of high temperature components in drive systems. Under this CRADA, ORNL conducted further research based on GM’s idea of using the motor magnetic core and windings to produce bidirectional accessory power supply that is nongalvanically coupled to the terminals of the high voltage dc-link battery of hybrid vehicles. In order not to interfere with the motor’s torque, ORNL suggested to use the zero-sequence, highfrequency harmonics carried by the main fundamental motor current for producing the accessory power. Two studies were conducted at ORNL. One was to put an additional winding in the motor slots to magnetically link with the high frequency of the controllable zero-sequence stator currents that do not produce any zero-sequence harmonic torques. The second approach was to utilize the corners of the square stator punching for the high-frequency transformers of the dc/dc inverter. Both approaches were successful. This CRADA validated the feasibility of GM’s desire to use the motor’s magnetic core and windings to produce bidirectional accessory power supply. Three joint U.S. patents with GM were issued to ORNL and GM by the U.S. Patent Office for the research results produced by this CRADA.

Marlino, L.D.

2010-06-15

44

49 CFR 393.3 - Additional equipment and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Additional equipment and accessories. 393.3 Section 393.3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to...ACCESSORIES NECESSARY FOR SAFE OPERATION General § 393.3 Additional equipment and accessories....

2010-10-01

45

21 CFR 872.6010 - Abrasive device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Abrasive device and accessories. 872.6010...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6010 Abrasive device and accessories. (a) Identification. An abrasive device and accessories is a device...

2010-04-01

46

An accessory limb with an imperforate anus  

PubMed Central

Congenital accessory limbs are very rare anomalies with many causative factors. We describe the case of a 1-day-old female neonate-born to a healthy, 27-year-old mother-who presented with an accessory limb (foot) attached to the buttock and an imperforate anus. We also provide a review of the relevant literature. PMID:25317418

Park, Kun-Bo; Kim, Yeon-Mee; Park, Ji-Yong; Chung, Mi-Lim; Jung, Yu-Jin

2014-01-01

47

The accessory fallopian tube: A rare anomaly.  

PubMed

This paper presents a rare anatomical variation in the form of accessory fallopian tube on right side. The duplication of fallopian tube was observed in a 34-year-old female during routine undergraduate dissection in our department. Fallopian tube is the part of uterus that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus. Accessory fallopian tube is the congenital anomaly attached to the ampullary part of main tube. This accessory tube is common site of pyosalpinx, hydrosalpinx, cystic swelling and torsion. The ovum released by the ovary may also be captured by the blind accessory tube leading to infertility or ectopic pregnancy. Hence, all patients of infertility or pelvic inflammatory disease should be screened to rule out the presence of accessory fallopian tube and if encountered should be removed. PMID:23532389

Gandhi, Kusum R; Siddiqui, Abu U; Wabale, Rajendra N; Daimi, Syed R

2012-09-01

48

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

...DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Pathology Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

49

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Pathology Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

50

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Pathology Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

51

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Pathology Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

52

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES HEMATOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY DEVICES Pathology Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

53

Epifascial accessory palmaris longus muscle.  

PubMed

In hand reconstructive surgery the palmaris longus muscle is one of the most utilized donor site for tendon reconstruction procedures. However, its anatomic position is variable and anatomic variations may be responsible for median nerve compression. We report the case of a 40-year-old, right-handed woman, who presented with numbness and paresthesias in the palm and in the flexor aspect of the first, second, and third fingers of her right hand for the preceding 5 months, coinciding with increase of office work (typing). The clinical examination and radiological investigations (ultrasound and magnetic resonance) revealed a subcutaneous mass (15 mm x 2.3 mm x 6 cm), with a lenticular shape and definite edges at the level of the volar aspect of the distal third of the forearm. The fine-needle aspiration biopsy revealed the presence of striated muscle fibers. During surgery, a muscle belly was found in the epifascial plane. This muscle originated from subcutaneous septa in the middle forearm and inserted on to the superficial palmar aponeurosis with fine short tendon fibers. Exposure of the antebrachial fascia did not reveal any area of weakness or muscle herniation. The palmaris longus tendon, flexor digitorum superficialis tendons, and flexor carpi radialis tendon showed usual topography under the antebrachial fascia. The accessory muscle was excised and histology revealed unremarkable striated muscle fibers, limited by a thin connective sheath. The presence of an accessory palmaris longus (APL) located in the epifascial plane could be ascribed to an unusual migration of myoblasts during the morphogenesis. Although extremely rare, APL is worth bearing in mind as a possible cause of median nerve compression and etiology of a volar mass in the distal forearm. PMID:16917822

Tiengo, Cesare; Macchi, Veronica; Stecco, Carla; Bassetto, Franco; De Caro, Raffaele

2006-09-01

54

Adaptable infrared surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy accessory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A second generation prototype enabling surface plasmon resonance spectroscopic measurements in the infrared (IR) range is described. The new design (v2) uses the optical train (optics and detector) within conventional FT-IR spectrometers by confining dimensions of the accessory to space available within the sample compartment of the spectrometer. The v2 accessory builds upon knowledge gained from a previous version that was based on a modified commercial variable angle spectroscopic accessory and addresses observed limitations of the original design—improved temporal stability and measurement acquisition speed, crucial to biomolecular binding studies, as well as optical flexibility, a requirement for investigations of novel plasmon-supporting materials. Different aspects of the accessory, including temporal stability, mechanical resilience, and sensitivity to changes in refractive index of a sample were evaluated and presented in this contribution.

Menegazzo, Nicola; Kegel, Laurel L.; Kim, Yoon-Chang; Allen, Derrick L.; Booksh, Karl S.

2012-09-01

55

21 CFR 890.5925 - Traction accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5925 Traction accessory...powered traction equipment to aid in exerting therapeutic pulling forces on the patient's...

2013-04-01

56

21 CFR 890.5925 - Traction accessory.  

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5925 Traction accessory...powered traction equipment to aid in exerting therapeutic pulling forces on the patient's...

2014-04-01

57

21 CFR 890.5925 - Traction accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5925 Traction accessory...powered traction equipment to aid in exerting therapeutic pulling forces on the patient's...

2012-04-01

58

21 CFR 890.5925 - Traction accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5925 Traction accessory...powered traction equipment to aid in exerting therapeutic pulling forces on the patient's...

2011-04-01

59

ORIGINAL PAPER Accessory mineral UThPb ages and 40  

E-print Network

) to voluminous, dominantly silicic caldera systems (e.g., Long Valley). The existence of numerous small caldera-related eruption presents the opportunity to study the evolution of an end-member among long of eight extrusions from the Pleistocene Coso volcanic field, a long- lived series of small volume

60

Accessory breast tissue mimicking pedunculated lipoma.  

PubMed

Accessory breast tissue is an uncommon condition which occurs in 0.4-6% of women. It is mostly located in the axilla where it can cause diagnostic difficulty, especially if it is unilateral and large. Usually it is bilateral and presents as an asymptomatic mass during pregnancy or lactation. The diagnosis of ectopic breast tissue is important as it can undergo the same pathological changes that occur in a normal breast, such as mastitis, fibrocystic disease and carcinoma. We present a case of a large right-sided accessory breast in a 32-year-old woman that was clinically diagnosed as pedunculated lipoma. However, subsequent histopathological examination proved it to be an accessory breast tissue with lactational changes. PMID:25006058

Husain, Musharraf; Khan, Sabina; Bhat, Ashraf; Hajini, Firdoos

2014-01-01

61

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive demonstration program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Controlled Speed Accessory Drive System was examined in an effort to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars. Concept feasibility and the performance of a typical system during actual road driving conditions were demonstrated. The CSAD system is described as a mechanical device which limits engine accessory speeds, thereby reducing parasitic horsepower losses and improving overall vehicle fuel economy. Fuel consumption data were compiled for fleets of GSA vehicles. Various motor pool locations were selected, each representing different climatic conditions. On the basis of a total accumulated fleet usage of nearly three million miles, an overall fuel economy improvement of 6 percent to 7 percent was demonstrated. Coincident chassis dynamometer tests were accomplished on selected vehicles to establish the effect of different accessory drive systems on exhaust emissions, and to evaluate the magnitude of the mileage benefits which could be derived.

Hoehn, F. W.

1981-01-01

62

Accessory Mental Nerve: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

The presence of an Accessory Mental Nerve (AMN) is rare. The mental foramen is an important landmark in the mandible for administration of local anaesthesia and mental nerve identification and its preservation is of paramount importance in various surgical procedures. This article presents a case of an incidental finding of accessory mental nerves during open reduction and fixation of a compound fracture of left body of mandible. Knowledge on anatomic variations is helpful in diagnosis, treatment planning and management during surgical procedures. PMID:24179949

N.S., Mamatha; N.S., Kedarnath; Singh, Madhumathi; Patel, Gourav

2013-01-01

63

14 CFR 23.1437 - Accessories for multiengine airplanes.  

... false Accessories for multiengine airplanes. 23.1437 Section 23.1437 ...UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Miscellaneous Equipment § 23.1437 Accessories for multiengine airplanes. For multiengine airplanes,...

2014-01-01

64

14 CFR 23.1437 - Accessories for multiengine airplanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Accessories for multiengine airplanes. 23.1437 Section 23.1437 ...UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Miscellaneous Equipment § 23.1437 Accessories for multiengine airplanes. For multiengine airplanes,...

2012-01-01

65

14 CFR 23.1437 - Accessories for multiengine airplanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Accessories for multiengine airplanes. 23.1437 Section 23.1437 ...UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Miscellaneous Equipment § 23.1437 Accessories for multiengine airplanes. For multiengine airplanes,...

2010-01-01

66

14 CFR 23.1437 - Accessories for multiengine airplanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Accessories for multiengine airplanes. 23.1437 Section 23.1437 ...UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Miscellaneous Equipment § 23.1437 Accessories for multiengine airplanes. For multiengine airplanes,...

2011-01-01

67

14 CFR 23.1437 - Accessories for multiengine airplanes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Accessories for multiengine airplanes. 23.1437 Section 23.1437 ...UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Equipment Miscellaneous Equipment § 23.1437 Accessories for multiengine airplanes. For multiengine airplanes,...

2013-01-01

68

26 CFR 48.4161(a)-3 - Parts and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Parts and accessories. 48.4161(a)-3 Section 48.4161(a)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Sporting Goods § 48.4161(a)-3 Parts and accessories. (a) In...

2013-04-01

69

26 CFR 48.4161(a)-3 - Parts and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Parts and accessories. 48.4161(a)-3 Section 48.4161(a)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Sporting Goods § 48.4161(a)-3 Parts and accessories. (a) In...

2011-04-01

70

26 CFR 48.4161(a)-3 - Parts and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 false Parts and accessories. 48.4161(a)-3 Section 48.4161(a)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE...RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Sporting Goods § 48.4161(a)-3 Parts and accessories. (a) In...

2012-04-01

71

Peculiarities of accessory zircon from the carter seamount tuffs (Sierra Leone Rise in the East Atlantic)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In volcanic tuffs, dredged during Cruise 23 of the R/V Akademik Nikolaj Strakhov, accessory zircon was found; except for the mineral-forming components, there were ˜2% of ThO2 and 0.75% of Ce2O3 in zircon. During rapid uplift of magmatic masses to the ocean bottom surface, admixture elements isolated into specific minerals. As a result, destruction structures were formed in the rim parts of primary zircon crystals, and the new-formed association of zircon + thorite + cerite + thoriante + baddeleyite appeared.

Petrova, V. V.; Skolotnev, S. G.; Chistyakova, N. I.

2010-03-01

72

Removal of Accessory Breasts: A Novel Tumescent Liposuction Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Accessory breasts, usually with a protuberant appearance, are composed of both the central accessory breast tissue and adjacent\\u000a fat tissue. They are a palpable convexity and cosmetically unsightly. Consequently, patients often desire cosmetic improvement.\\u000a The traditional general surgical treatment for accessory breasts is removal of the accessory breast tissue, fat tissue, and\\u000a covering skin as a whole unit. A rather

Jufeng Fan

2009-01-01

73

Electronic Position Sensor for Power Operated Accessory  

DOEpatents

An electronic position sensor for use with a power operated vehicle accessory, such as a power liftgate. The position sensor includes an elongated resistive circuit that is mounted such that it is stationary and extends along the path of a track portion of the power operated accessory. The position sensor further includes a contact nub mounted to a link member that moves within the track portion such that the contact nub is slidingly biased against the elongated circuit. As the link member moves under the force of a motor-driven output gear, the contact nub slides along the surface of the resistive circuit, thereby affecting the overall resistance of the circuit. The position sensor uses the overall resistance to provide an electronic position signal to an ECU, wherein the signal is indicative of the absolute position of the power operated accessory. Accordingly, the electronic position sensor is capable of providing an electronic signal that enables the ECU to track the absolute position of the power operated accessory.

Haag, Ronald H.; Chia, Michael I.

2005-05-31

74

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and...

2014-04-01

75

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair...

2012-04-01

76

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair...

2014-04-01

77

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and...

2013-04-01

78

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair...

2013-04-01

79

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and...

2011-04-01

80

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair...

2011-04-01

81

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and...

2012-04-01

82

HIV accessory proteins versus host restriction factors.  

PubMed

Primate immunodeficiency viruses, including HIV-1, are characterized by the presence of accessory genes such as vif, vpr, vpx, vpu, and nef. Current knowledge indicates that none of the primate lentiviral accessory proteins has enzymatic activity. Instead, these proteins interact with cellular ligands to either act as adapter molecules to redirect the normal function of host factors for virus-specific purposes or to inhibit a normal host function by mediating degradation or causing intracellular mislocalization/sequestration of the factors involved. This review aims at providing an update of our current understanding of how Vif, Vpu, and Vpx control the cellular restriction factors APOBEC3G, BST-2, and SAMHD1, respectively. PMID:24246762

Strebel, Klaus

2013-12-01

83

Algal Accessory Pigment Detection Using AVIRIS Image-Derived Spectral Radiance Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Visual and derivative analyses of AVIRIS spectral data can be used to detect algal accessory pigments in aquatic communities. This capability extends the use of remote sensing for the study of aquatic ecosystems by allowing detection of taxonomically significant pigment signatures which yield information about the type of algae present. Such information allows remote sensing-based assessment of aquatic ecosystem health, as in the detection of nuisance blooms of cyanobacteria or toxic blooms of dinoflagellates. Remote sensing of aquatic systems has traditionally focused on quantification of chlorophyll a, a photoreactive (and light-harvesting) pigment which is common to all algae as well as cyanobacteria (bluegreen algae). Due to the ubiquitousness of this pigment within algae, chl a is routinely measured to estimate algal biomass both during ground-truthing and using various airborne or satellite based sensors, including AVIRIS. Within the remote sensing and aquatic sciences communities, ongoing research has been performed to detect algal accessory pigments for assessment of algal population composition. This research is based on the fact that many algal accessory pigments are taxonomically significant, and all are spectrally unique. Aquatic scientists have been refining pigment analysis techniques, primarily high performance liquid chromatography, or HPLC, to detect specific pigments as a time-saving alternative to individual algal cell identifications and counts. Remote sensing scientists are investigating the use of pigment signatures to construct pigment libraries analogous to mineral spectral libraries used in geological remote sensing applications. The accessory pigment approach has been used successfully in remote sensing using data from the Thematic Mapper, low-altitude, multiple channel scanners, field spectroradiometers and the AVIRIS hyperspectral scanner. Due to spectral and spatial resolution capabilities, AVIRIS is the sensor of choice for such studies. We present here our results on detection of algal accessory pigments using AVIRIS data.

Richardson, Laurie L.; Ambrosia, Vincent G.

1996-01-01

84

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

85

21 CFR 876.1500 - Endoscope and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 876.1500 Endoscope and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2014-04-01

86

21 CFR 876.4300 - Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

87

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

88

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

89

21 CFR 876.5630 - Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5630 Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

90

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

91

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

92

21 CFR 876.4300 - Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

93

21 CFR 876.5630 - Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5630 Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

94

21 CFR 876.4300 - Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

95

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

96

21 CFR 876.4300 - Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

97

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5980 Gastrointestinal tube and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

98

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

99

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5980 Gastrointestinal tube and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

100

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

101

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

102

21 CFR 876.5630 - Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5630 Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

103

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

104

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

105

21 CFR 876.1500 - Endoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 876.1500 Endoscope and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2010-04-01

106

21 CFR 876.4300 - Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4300 Endoscopic electrosurgical unit and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

107

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5980 Gastrointestinal tube and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

108

21 CFR 876.5630 - Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5630 Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

109

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5980 Gastrointestinal tube and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

110

21 CFR 876.1500 - Endoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 876.1500 Endoscope and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2011-04-01

111

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

112

21 CFR 876.1500 - Endoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 876.1500 Endoscope and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2013-04-01

113

21 CFR 876.1500 - Endoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 876.1500 Endoscope and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2012-04-01

114

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

115

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

116

21 CFR 876.5630 - Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5630 Peritoneal dialysis system and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

117

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5980 Gastrointestinal tube and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

118

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

119

New Genes for Male Accessory Gland Proteins in Drosophila melanogaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory gland of male insects produces components of the seminal fluid that alter the behavior, physiology and life span of the mated female, and contribute to her efficient storage and utilization of sperm. As a step towards understanding how this occurs, we have isolated genes encoding 12 previously unreported accessory gland-specific mRNAs from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We

Mariana F. Wolfner; Heidi A. Harada; Michael J. Bertram; Thomas J. Stelick; Kevin W. Kraus; John M. Kalb; Y. Oliver Lung; Deborah M. Neubaum; Morgan Park; Uyen Tram

1997-01-01

120

Morphological characteristics of the cranial root of the accessory nerve.  

PubMed

There has been the controversy surrounding the cranial root (CR) of the accessory nerve. This study was performed to clarify the morphological characteristics of the CR in the cranial cavity. Fifty sides of 25 adult cadaver heads were used. The accessory nerve was easily distinguished from the vagus nerve by the dura mater in the jugular foramen in 80% of 50 specimens. The trunk of the accessory nerve from the spinal cord penetrated the dura mater at various distances before entering the jugular foramen. In 20% of the specimens there was no dural boundary. In these cases, the uppermost cranial rootlet of the accessory nerve could be identified by removing the dura mater around the jugular foramen where it joined to the trunk of the accessory nerve at the superior vagal ganglion. The cranial rootlet was formed by union of two to four short filaments emerging from the medulla oblongata (66%) and emerged single, without filament (34%), and usually joined the trunk of the accessory nerve directly before the jugular foramen. The mean number of rootlets of the CR was 4.9 (range 2-9) above the cervicomedullary junction. The CR of the accessory nerve was composed of two to nine rootlets, which were formed by the union of two to four short filaments and joined the spinal root of the accessory nerve. The CR is morphologically distinct from the vagus nerve, confirming its existence. Clin. Anat. 27:1167-1173, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25131313

Liu, Hong-Fu; Won, Hyung-Sun; Chung, In-Hyuk; Kim, In-Beom; Han, Seung-Ho

2014-11-01

121

A rare case of chronic sialadenitis of accessory parotid gland.  

PubMed

The accessory parotid gland is salivary tissue adjacent to stenson's duct that is separated from the main parotid gland and lying on masseter muscle. It has secondary duct empting into the stenson's duct. The differential diagnosis of mid-cheek masses include pathology arising from normal anatomic structures or from variations of normal accessory parotid gland tissue. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice for the accessory parotid gland tumor. We report a case of accessory parotid gland with chronic sialadenitis in a 26 years old male with the diagnosis and treatment. Accessory parotid gland pathologies should be included in the differential diagnosis of a patient presently with a mid-cheek mass. PMID:24533418

Sathe, Nilam Uttam; Thakare, Samir; Wadkar, Gaurav; Gaikwad, Ninad

2014-01-01

122

Accessory gene regulator locus of Staphylococcus intermedius.  

PubMed

The accessory gene regulator (agr) locus, a candidate system for the regulation of the production of virulence factors in Staphylococcus intermedius, has been characterized. Using PCR-based genome walking, we have obtained the first complete sequence (3,436 bp) of the accessory gene regulator (agr) gene in this organism. Sequence analysis of the agr gene has identified five open reading frames (ORFs), agrB, agrD, agrC, agrA, and hld. The translated ORF contained amino acid motifs characteristic of the response regulator and histidine protein kinase signal transducer of the classic two-component regulatory system. Sequencing of the agrD PCR products amplified from DNA from 20 different isolates has facilitated detection of genetic variation in the putative autoinducing peptide (AIP) within the agr gene of S. intermedius, revealing the presence of at least three agr specificity groups within this species. Classification of the agr gene from S. intermedius was supported by phylogenetic analysis. Real-time PCR also revealed that the effector molecule of the agr system, RNAIII, was regulated in an autocrine manner in S. intermedius and demonstrated positive correlation with the temporal gene expression patterns of luk and entC. Transcription of RNAIII was also dependent on self secreted cues. Cyclic self and nonself peptides were synthesized on the basis of the novel AIPs produced by S. intermedius, which lack the cysteine necessary to form the thiolactone ring in analogous peptides from Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Experiments with these synthetic cyclic peptides indicated that self peptides led to up-regulation of RNAIII--findings in support of the assumption that activation of the agr gene is initiated by growth- and species-specific factors generated during bacterial growth. PMID:16622233

Sung, Julia M L; Chantler, Peter D; Lloyd, David H

2006-05-01

123

Considerations for successful cosmogenic 3He dating in accessory phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have been working to develop cosmogenic 3He dating of phases other than the commonly dated olivine and pyroxene, especially apatite and zircon. Recent work by Dunai et al. underscores that cosmogenic 3He dating is complicated by 3He production via 6Li(n,?) 3H --> 3He. The reacting thermal neutrons can be produced from three distinct sources; nucleogenic processes (3Henuc), muon interactions (3Hemu), and by high-energy "cosmogenic" neutrons (3Hecn). Accurate cosmogenic 3He dating requires determination of the relative fractions of Li-derived and spallation derived 3He. An important complication for the fine-grained phases we are investigating is that both spallation and the 6Li reaction eject high energy particles, with consequences for redistribution of 3He among phases in a rock. Although shielded samples can be used to estimate 3Henuc, they do not conatin the 3Hecn component produced in the near surface. To calculate this component, we propose a procedure in which the bulk rock chemistry, helium closure age, 3He concentration, grain size and Li content of the target mineral are measured in a shielded sample. The average Li content of the adjacent minerals can then be calculated, which in turn allows calculation of the 3Hecn component in surface exposed samples of the same lithology. If identical grain sizes are used in the shielded and surface exposed samples, then "effective" Li can be calculated directly from the shielded sample, and it may not be necessary to measure Li at all. To help validate our theoretical understanding of Li-3He production, and to constrain the geologic contexts in which cosmogenic 3He dating with zircon and apatite is likely to be successful, results are presented from four different field locations. For example, results from ~18 Ky old moraines in the Sierra Nevada show that the combination of low Li contents and high closure ages (>50 My) creates a small 3Hecn component (2%) but a large 3Henuc component (40-70%) for zircon and apatite. In contrast the combination of high Li contents and a young closure age (0.6 My) in rhyolite from the Coso volcanic field leads to a large 3Hecn component (30%) and small 3Henuc component (5%) in zircon. Analysis of samples from a variety of lithologies shows that zircon and apatite tend to be low in Li (1-10 ppm), but are vulnerable to implantation of 3He from adjacent minerals due to their small grain size, especially from minerals like biotite and hornblende. This point is well illustrated by data from both the Sierra Nevada and Coso examples, in which there is a strong correlation between grain size and 3He concentration for zircons due to implantation. In contrast, very large zircons (150>125 um width) obtained from shielded samples of the Shoshone Falls rhyolite (SW Idaho) do not contain a significant implanted component. Thus, successful 3He dating of accessory phases requires low Li content (<10 ppm) in the target mineral and either 1) low Li in adjacent minerals, or 2) the use of large grain sizes (>100 um). In high-Li cases, the fraction of 3Henuc is minimized in samples with young helium closure ages or longer duration of exposure. However because the 3Hecn/3Hespall ratio is fixed for a given Li content, longer exposure will not reduce the fraction of 3Hecn.

Amidon, W. H.; Farley, K. A.; Rood, D. H.

2008-12-01

124

Accessory spleens: Clinical significance with particular reference to the recurrence of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the important stages during splenectomy is the search for accessory spleens. The average frequency of accessory spleens is an estimated 11%. In our own material in 611 patients who had splenectomy in hematological disorders, accessory spleens were found in 110 patients (18%). The surgical anatomy, embryology, and clinical significance of the accessory spleens, with particular reference to the

Witold J. Rudowski

1985-01-01

125

Adenosine and Its Derivatives Control Human Monocyte Differentiation Into Highly Accessory Cells Versus Macrophages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human peripheral blood monocytes have been found to undergo a transitory state of high accessory activity before they fully become macrophages. Time kinetics were done to follow this accessory potential. Studying the regulation of accessory activity, we have found that monocyte-derived accessory cells (m-AC) pass through two phases of devel- opment, which both are adversely controlled by cyclic nucleotides. Phase

Hossain Motieian Najar; Stephan Ruhi; Anne Christine Bru-Capdeville; Johann Hinrich Peters

126

21 CFR 884.1640 - Culdoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...portals for electrosurgical, laser, or other power sources. Such culdoscope accessory instruments include: lens cleaning brush, biopsy brush, clip applier (without clips), applicator, cannula (without trocar or valves), ligature carrier/needle...

2010-04-01

127

21 CFR 884.1720 - Gynecologic laparoscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...electrosurgical, lasers, or other power sources. Such gynecologic laparosope accessory instruments include: the lens cleaning brush, biopsy brush, clip applier (without clips), applicator, cannula (without trocar or valves), ligature carrier/needle...

2010-04-01

128

46 CFR 98.25-40 - Valves, fittings, and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...copper, copper alloys and aluminum alloys, shall not be used in the construction of valves, fittings or accessory equipment. Brazed joints are prohibited. (b) Each tank shall be provided with the necessary fill and discharge liquid and vapor...

2010-10-01

129

21 CFR 886.1930 - Tonometer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flat disk to the cornea). Accessories for the device may include a tonometer calibrator or a tonograph recording system. The device is intended for use in the diagnosis of glaucoma. (b) Classification. Class...

2011-04-01

130

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

131

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2011-04-01

132

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

133

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5250 Urine collector and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

134

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2010-04-01

135

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2010-04-01

136

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

137

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2014-04-01

138

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2013-04-01

139

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2012-04-01

140

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

141

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

142

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2011-04-01

143

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2014-04-01

144

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2010-04-01

145

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5250 Urine collector and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

146

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. (a) Identification. An...

2010-04-01

147

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

148

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

149

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5250 Urine collector and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2010-04-01

150

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5250 Urine collector and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

151

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5250 Urine collector and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

152

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2012-04-01

153

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

154

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

155

Hormones, Sex Accessory Structures, and Secondary Sexual Characteristics  

E-print Network

Chapter 5 Hormones, Sex Accessory Structures, and Secondary Sexual Characteristics in Amphibians University, Spokane, WA, USA SUMMARY Gonadal steroid hormones, particularly testosterone (T) and related hormones, such as prolactin, have been found to be necessary in conjunction with gonadal steroids

Sever, David M.

156

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

157

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

158

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2014-04-01

159

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

160

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2012-04-01

161

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

162

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

163

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2011-04-01

164

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome and Accessory Pathways  

MedlinePLUS

Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome and Accessory Pathways James Kulig , PA-C ; Bruce A. Koplan , MD, MPH From the Cardiovascular ... rate, which can be dangerous. What is Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome? Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) is ...

165

What next for accessory dwellings? : getting from bylaws to buildings  

E-print Network

Accessory dwellings-secondary, self-contained housing units on the same property as a primary residence, either attached to or detached from the main dwelling, and subordinate in size, location and appearance-are recognized ...

Stege, Elinor Hope

2009-01-01

166

Reducing Exposure: Hands-free Kits and Other Accessories  

MedlinePLUS

... Phones Current Research Results Radiofrequency Background Reducing Exposure: Hands-free Kits and Other Accessories Steps to reduce ... distance between your head and the cell phone. Hands-free kits Hand-free kits may include audio ...

167

Bone marrow accessory cells regulate human bone precursor cell development  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveMuch remains to be learned about the intimate relationship between bone marrow and its surrounding tissue: the bone. We hypothesized that bone marrow accessory cell populations might regulate the development of human bone precursor cells.

Peter G Eipers; Sujata Kale; Russell S Taichman; George G Pipia; Nancy A Swords; Kenneth G Mann; Michael W Long

2000-01-01

168

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

...surgery kit and accessories is a device intended to be used to reconstruct maxillofacial deficiencies. The kit contains surgical instruments and materials used to make maxillofacial impressions before molding an external prosthesis. (b)...

2014-04-01

169

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...surgery kit and accessories is a device intended to be used to reconstruct maxillofacial deficiencies. The kit contains surgical instruments and materials used to make maxillofacial impressions before molding an external prosthesis. (b)...

2010-04-01

170

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...surgery kit and accessories is a device intended to be used to reconstruct maxillofacial deficiencies. The kit contains surgical instruments and materials used to make maxillofacial impressions before molding an external prosthesis. (b)...

2013-04-01

171

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...surgery kit and accessories is a device intended to be used to reconstruct maxillofacial deficiencies. The kit contains surgical instruments and materials used to make maxillofacial impressions before molding an external prosthesis. (b)...

2012-04-01

172

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...surgery kit and accessories is a device intended to be used to reconstruct maxillofacial deficiencies. The kit contains surgical instruments and materials used to make maxillofacial impressions before molding an external prosthesis. (b)...

2011-04-01

173

21 CFR 886.1930 - Tonometer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...flat disk to the cornea). Accessories for the device may include a tonometer calibrator or a tonograph recording system. The device is intended for use in the diagnosis of glaucoma. (b) Classification. Class...

2010-04-01

174

Alternative delivery of male accessory gland products  

PubMed Central

To increase fertilization success, males transfer accessory gland products (Acps). Several species have evolved unconventional Acps transfer modes, meaning that Acps are transferred separately from the sperm. By surveying the sperm-free Acps transfer cases, we show that these animals have evolved a common strategy to deliver Acps: they all inject Acps directly through the partner’s body wall into the hemolymph. Our review of this mode of Acps transfer reveals another striking similarity: they all transfer sperm in packages or via the skin, which may leave little room for Acps transfer via the conventional route in seminal fluid. We synthesise the knowledge about the function, and the effects in the recipients, of the Acps found in the widely diverse taxa (including earthworms, sea slugs, terrestrial snails, scorpions and salamanders) that inject these substances. Despite the clearly independent evolution of the injection devices, these animals have evolved a common alternative strategy to get their partners to accept and/or use their sperm. Most importantly, the evolution of the injection devices for the delivery of Acps highlights how the latter are pivotal for male reproductive success and, hence, strongly influence sexual selection. PMID:24708537

2014-01-01

175

Mineral Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site will help you to learn minerals! This module has two modes: an overview that takes you through some of the fundamentals of minerals and an interactive model that allows you to build your own virtual minerals.

2010-01-01

176

Minerals Yearbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to the Minerals Yearbook Web site, the US Geological Survey Minerals Information Team's mission is to collect, analyze, and disseminate information on the domestic and international supply of and demand for minerals and mineral materials essential to the US economy and national security. The yearbook reviews the mineral and material industries of the United States and foreign countries, contains statistical data on materials and minerals, and includes information on economic and technical trends and development. Volume I contains metals and minerals information, volume II US area reports, and volume III international reports. A lot of data is presented in the various documents; thankfully, the site is organized well and easy to navigate.

177

Ore Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This three part lab introduces sulfides and other ore minerals. Part one - Ore Minerals: Students fill in a table giving the metal, formula, and mineral group of several ore minerals. Part two - Box of Rocks: Students examine trays of ore minerals and record their physical properties, composition, habit, occurence, economic value, and use and answer questions about color, luster, density, transparency, and availability. Part three - Famous Digs: Students answer a series of questions related to famous ore deposits.

Perkins, Dexter

178

Accessory tragus: a possible sign of Goldenhar syndrome.  

PubMed

The accessory tragus is a relatively common benign congenital anomaly. The tragus is a cartilaginous projection that normally occurs anterior to the external auditory meatus. Although aberrancy of the tragus may occur in isolation and is exclusively derived from the first branchial arch, it may occasionally signal a defect in the first or second branchial arches. Thus it may be a sign of other syndromes, such as oculoauricularvertebral dysplasia (Goldenhar syndrome). In fact, accessory tragus is a constant feature of this syndrome and may be associated with other syndromes. Accessory tragi are polypoid and should be distinguished from acrochordon (skin tags), as the shave excision commonly employed for skin tags may expose cartilage and cause slow healing or chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis. PMID:21916271

Rankin, James S; Schwartz, Robert A

2011-08-01

179

Axillary accessory breast associated with galactorrhea in an adolescent girl  

PubMed Central

We present herein a case of right axillary accessory breast associated with galactorrhea in an adolescent girl. A 14-year-old Japanese girl presented with an 11-month history of a tender, subcutaneous lesion in the right axillary fossa. Seven months later, she experienced menarche. Subsequently, the patient noticed pressure-induced galactorrhea from both nipples. Physical examination revealed an elastic, firm and well-demarcated subcutaneous tumor 3 × 2 cm in size. A biopsy specimen showed proliferation of mammary gland tissue in the stroma located below the subcutaneous fat tissue. On the basis of these findings the patient was diagnosed with an accessory breast. Interestingly, the galactorrhea ceased after surgical removal of the accessory breast. PMID:21547148

Kyo, Akemi; Sasaki, Yoshihito; Fukunaga, Atsushi; Nagano, Tohru; Funasaka, Yoko; Nishigori, Chikako

2010-01-01

180

Reinnervation of avulsed brachial plexus using the spinal accessory nerve.  

PubMed

The use of the accessory nerve as a donor is one of the possibilities for the reinnervation of the brachial plexus in cases of paralysis due to root avulsion. In this paper, an analysis of the reinnervation of the musculocutaneous or axillary nerve using the spinal accessory nerve is made on 13 cases, 8 of total and 5 of upper partial avulsion. In all cases, Allieu's technique was used, but in seven cases reinnervation was supplemented by upper intercostal nerves when there was total avulsion and/or by the medial pectoral nerve when there was partial avulsion. The methods are discussed and compared with the intercostobrachial anastomosis. PMID:2154041

Samardzic, M; Grujicic, D; Antunovic, V; Joksimovic, M

1990-01-01

181

22 CFR 121.8 - End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. 121.8 Section 121...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. (a) An end-item...is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed. (f)...

2011-04-01

182

22 CFR 121.8 - End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. 121.8 Section 121...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. (a) An end-item...is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed. (f)...

2012-04-01

183

22 CFR 121.8 - End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. 121.8 Section 121...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. (a) An end-item...is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed. (f)...

2013-04-01

184

29 CFR 1919.27 - Unit proof tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Unit proof tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto...Persons § 1919.27 Unit proof tests—winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto. (a) Winches, with the whole of the gear...

2010-07-01

185

77 FR 15390 - Certain Handbags, Luggage, Accessories, and Packaging Thereof; Notice of Request for Statements...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Luggage, Accessories, and Packaging Thereof; Notice of Request...luggage, accessories, and packaging thereof that infringe U...accessed on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at http...viewed on the Commission's electronic docket (EDIS) at...

2012-03-15

186

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

... 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. 884.6190 Section... Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

187

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. 884.6190 Section... Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

188

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. 884.6190 Section... Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

189

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. 884.6190 Section... Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

190

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. 884.6190 Section... Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

191

Management of bile duct injuries combined with accessory hepatic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy  

PubMed Central

Bile duct injuries (BDIs) are difficult to avoid absolutely when the biliary tract has a malformation, such as accessory hepatic duct. Here, we investigated the management strategies for BDI combined with accessory hepatic duct during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PMID:25232275

Ren, Pei-Tu; Lu, Bao-Chun; Yu, Jian-Hua; Zhu, Xin

2014-01-01

192

21 CFR 888.3030 - Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories.  

... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and...

2014-04-01

193

21 CFR 888.3030 - Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and...

2013-04-01

194

21 CFR 888.3030 - Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and...

2011-04-01

195

21 CFR 888.3030 - Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and accessories... Single/multiple component metallic bone fixation appliances and...

2012-04-01

196

Accessory lobes of the liver: A report of 3 cases and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Summary This article is about 3 cases of accessory lobes of the liver. Case One involved a pedunculated accessory lobe of the liver (ALL), Case Two involved a true ectopic liver, and Case Three involved a sessile accessory lobe of the liver. All 3 cases were diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and confirmed by surgical and histological examination. The pertinent literature on accessory lobes of the liver is also reviewed.

Wang, Chenglin; Cheng, Lin; Zhang, Ziqin; Xie, Tingting; Ding, Heyu; Deng, Qianhua; Yuan, Zhidong

2012-01-01

197

A rare accessory coracobrachialis muscle: a review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

During previous dissections to investigate the incidence of the third head of the biceps brachii in neonate cadavers an accessory coracobrachialis muscle was unilaterally found in a neonate male cadaver. This muscle originated from the coracoid process and the capsule of the shoulder joint. It was inserted into the antebrachial fascia and the medial epicondyle of the humerus. The coracobrachialis

C. Kopuz; N. ?çten; M. Yildirim

2002-01-01

198

Reliability of accessory motion testing at the carpal joints.  

PubMed

The testing of accessory motion has become a very important part of manual therapy practice. Its value is in assessing whether joint mobility is ideal or impaired. Despite its use, there is little evidence in the literature to support the reliability of such testing. Most of the research carried out on accessory motion testing has focused on the spine. In view of this we decided to evaluate the intra- and interrater reliability of accessory motion testing of carpal joints. Two skilled therapists tested the available motion and the end-feel response of carpal joints in 30 students and 15 patients on two separate occasions. Pain scores were also obtained. In students a moderate to good percentage of agreement [67-97%] was obtained for motion testing. In patients the percentage of agreement ranged from 60% to 100% and weighted kappa values were between 0.33 and 1.0. Intrarater reliability was better than interrater reliability in both groups. Intra- and interrater agreement on end-feel was very good. Overall, the reliability of accessory motion testing of carpal joints was acceptable. The results suggest that this form of testing can be valuable in the training of manual therapists and in clinical practice. PMID:18555731

Staes, Filip Ferdinand; Banks, Kevin James; De Smet, Luc; Daniels, Kim Josefine; Carels, Pieter

2009-06-01

199

Clothing/Apparel and Accessories Merchandising. A Suggested Interdisciplinary Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains three sections: introduction, curriculum material, and an annotated bibliography. Introductory information provides an overview of the clothing/apparel and accessories merchandising area, aptitudes needed, and career opportunities; discusses potential career ladders, which are divided into entry level, middle…

Wray, Ralph D.; Hayden, Margaret B.

200

Evolutionary dynamics of the accessory genome of Listeria monocytogenes.  

PubMed

Listeria monocytogenes, a foodborne bacterial pathogen, is comprised of four phylogenetic lineages that vary with regard to their serotypes and distribution among sources. In order to characterize lineage-specific genomic diversity within L. monocytogenes, we sequenced the genomes of eight strains from several lineages and serotypes, and characterized the accessory genome, which was hypothesized to contribute to phenotypic differences across lineages. The eight L. monocytogenes genomes sequenced range in size from 2.85-3.14 Mb, encode 2,822-3,187 genes, and include the first publicly available sequenced representatives of serotypes 1/2c, 3a and 4c. Mapping of the distribution of accessory genes revealed two distinct regions of the L. monocytogenes chromosome: an accessory-rich region in the first 65° adjacent to the origin of replication and a more stable region in the remaining 295°. This pattern of genome organization is distinct from that of related bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The accessory genome of all lineages is enriched for cell surface-related genes and phosphotransferase systems, and transcriptional regulators, highlighting the selective pressures faced by contemporary strains from their hosts, other microbes, and their environment. Phylogenetic analysis of O-antigen genes and gene clusters predicts that serotype 4 was ancestral in L. monocytogenes and serotype 1/2 associated gene clusters were putatively introduced through horizontal gene transfer in the ancestral population of L. monocytogenes lineage I and II. PMID:23825666

den Bakker, Henk C; Desjardins, Christopher A; Griggs, Allison D; Peters, Joseph E; Zeng, Qiandong; Young, Sarah K; Kodira, Chinnappa D; Yandava, Chandri; Hepburn, Theresa A; Haas, Brian J; Birren, Bruce W; Wiedmann, Martin

2013-01-01

201

Evolutionary Dynamics of the Accessory Genome of Listeria monocytogenes  

PubMed Central

Listeria monocytogenes, a foodborne bacterial pathogen, is comprised of four phylogenetic lineages that vary with regard to their serotypes and distribution among sources. In order to characterize lineage-specific genomic diversity within L. monocytogenes, we sequenced the genomes of eight strains from several lineages and serotypes, and characterized the accessory genome, which was hypothesized to contribute to phenotypic differences across lineages. The eight L. monocytogenes genomes sequenced range in size from 2.85–3.14 Mb, encode 2,822–3,187 genes, and include the first publicly available sequenced representatives of serotypes 1/2c, 3a and 4c. Mapping of the distribution of accessory genes revealed two distinct regions of the L. monocytogenes chromosome: an accessory-rich region in the first 65° adjacent to the origin of replication and a more stable region in the remaining 295°. This pattern of genome organization is distinct from that of related bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The accessory genome of all lineages is enriched for cell surface-related genes and phosphotransferase systems, and transcriptional regulators, highlighting the selective pressures faced by contemporary strains from their hosts, other microbes, and their environment. Phylogenetic analysis of O-antigen genes and gene clusters predicts that serotype 4 was ancestral in L. monocytogenes and serotype 1/2 associated gene clusters were putatively introduced through horizontal gene transfer in the ancestral population of L. monocytogenes lineage I and II. PMID:23825666

den Bakker, Henk C.; Desjardins, Christopher A.; Griggs, Allison D.; Peters, Joseph E.; Zeng, Qiandong; Young, Sarah K.; Kodira, Chinnappa D.; Yandava, Chandri; Hepburn, Theresa A.; Haas, Brian J.; Birren, Bruce W.; Wiedmann, Martin

2013-01-01

202

The inheritance of accessory buds in Rubus idaeus L  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the red raspberry cultivar Lloyd George, accessory (secondary) bud formation is controlled by two complementary genesBd\\u000a 1 andBd\\u000a 2, whose expression is markedly influenced by homozygosity, minor genes, and environment.

Elizabeth Keep

1968-01-01

203

49 CFR 192.147 - Flanges and flange accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flange or flange accessory (other than cast iron) must meet the minimum requirements...c) Each flange on a flanged joint in cast iron pipe must conform in dimensions...gasket design to ASME/ANSI B16.1 and be cast integrally with the pipe, valve, or...

2011-10-01

204

Oscillatory-zoned crystals of pyrochlore-group minerals from the Guaniamo kimberlites, Venezuela  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oscillatory-zoned crystals of pyrochlore-group minerals are found in the La Ceniza diamondiferous kimberlites, Guaniamo region, Venezuela. This is the first known occurrence of the pyrochlore-group minerals in kimberlites worldwide. The minerals occur in the kimberlite groundmass in association with olivine, zoned spinel, phlogopite, carbonates (dolomite, calcite, magnesite), apatite, tetraferriphlogopite, Fe-Ni-Cu-sulfides and serpentine. They form discrete octahedral crystals or intergrowths (up to 50 ?m) with a red-brown core and light brown rim. Individual zones in the cores are remarkably enriched in TiO 2 (up to 14.3 wt.%), Ta 2O 5 (up to 10.1 wt.%), ZrO 2 (up to 23.7 wt.%), ThO 2 (up to 22.3 wt.%) and UO 2 (up to 8.0 wt.%) at moderate Nb 2O 5 contents, whereas the outer regions contain significant CaO (up to 17.5 wt.%), Na 2O (up to 5.7 wt.%), Nb 2O 5 (up to 58.9 wt.%) and F (up to 4.6 wt.%), approaching the ideal formula (Na,Ca) 2Nb 2O 6F. Following the IMA recommendations and the "50% rule", the interior is classified as uranoan Zr-rich thoriobetafite/thoriopyrochlore or thorian Zr-rich betafite/pyrochlore, and the outer part as pyrochlore or thorian pyrochlore. Strong compositional zoning is consistent with two substitutions: 2(Th,U) 4+ + ? + (Ti,Zr) 4+ + O 2- ? 3Ca 2+ + Nb 5+ + (F,OH) - and 2(Th,U) 4+ + ? + 2(Ti,Zr) 4+ + O 2- ? 2Ca 2+ + Na + + 2Nb 5+ + (F,OH) -. The zoning patterns and the absence of perovskite indicate the dominant role of F among fluid components and relatively high alkalinity during crystallization of the silicate-carbonate groundmass of the La Ceniza kimberlite. The composition and zoning of the La Ceniza pyrochlore-group minerals are very specific, but in general strongly resemble those of some pyrochlores from carbonatites.

Sharygin, Victor V.; Sobolev, Nikolai V.; Channer, Dominic M. DeR.

2009-11-01

205

mineral sorters  

SciTech Connect

This article describes different types of mineral sorters used to preconcentrate run-of-mine ore. This method of preconcentration is feasible when the mineralized particles are liberated at a relatively coarse rock size, suitable for sorter processing, and when there is a reliable difference in a specific physical property between the valuable minerals and waste. This article reviews some of the latest models and applications of mineral sorting equipment, including those operating on photometric, radiometric, electrostatic and conductivity-magnetic principles.

Sassos, M.P.

1985-06-01

206

Results of simple excision technique in the surgical treatment of symptomatic accessory navicular bones  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionAccessory navicular bones might cause not only cosmetic problems but also be a reason of discomfort and pain. In case of inefficient conservative treatment symptomatic accessory naviculars are treated surgically.Aim of paper: Presentation of results of simple excision of symptomatic accessory navicular.

Barbara Jasiewicz; Tomasz Potaczek; Wojciech K?cki; Maciej T?siorowski; Ewa Lipik

2008-01-01

207

WagTag: A Dog Collar Accessory for Monitoring Canine Activity Levels  

E-print Network

accessories with such apps are now emerging for the pet market. In this paper we describe WagTag, an accessory corporations are now actively working to bring new accessories to market, or to refine the ones already on the market. The corporations involved include computing giants such as Apple and Google, startups

Weiss, Gary

208

An accessory belly of the abductor digiti minimi muscle: a case report and embryologic aspects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory fasciculi of the hypothenar muscles have been involved in vascular and nerve compressions. During a routine dissection an accessory belly of the abductor digiti minimi muscle arising from the tendon of the palmaris longus muscle was found in the lower third of the forearm. The accessory fasciculus ran through Guyon’s canal enclosing the ulnar nerve and vessels. It was

F. Soldado-Carrera; N. Vilar-Coromina; A. Rodríguez-Baeza

2000-01-01

209

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Consumers’ Conspicuous Consumption of Branded Fashion Accessories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study attempts to (1) demonstrate whether the purchase of branded fashion accessories is motivated by consumers’ desire to reflect their social status, convey their self-image, and boost their self-esteem; (2) find whether the purchase of luxury fashion accessories may fall under the umbrella of conspicuous consumption; and (3) examine whether conspicuous consumption of branded fashion accessories varies across cultures.

Nizar Souiden; Bouthaina M’Saad; Frank Pons

2011-01-01

210

A research on the market of Chinese brands of sportswear accessories and their designs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In sportswear accessories market in China, the competition is in keen environment. The famous brands having stationed in foreign countries, occupy a large market share, and are in domination, although some Chinese sportswear accessories brands promote faster and have made significant improvement in this business conditions. But on the whole, China sportswear accessories enterprises are still vulnerable. This article, basis

Lizhen Yang

2010-01-01

211

Mineral Properties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will learn about the properties that will help you identify minerals. If you closed your eyes and tasted different foods, you could probably determine what the foods are by noting properties such as saltiness or sweetness. You can also determine the identity of a mineral by noting different properties. Some properties that help us determine the identy of a mineral are: COLOR, ...

Wood, Mr.

2010-11-14

212

Mineral Properties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Mineralogical Society of America describes the physical properties of minerals in terms that kids will understand. The site also includes the definition of a mineral, an identification chart, and links to descriptions of the physical properties used to identify minerals.

Mineralogy 4 Kids; America, Mineralogical S.

213

Mineral oils  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The characteristics of lubricants made from mineral oils are discussed. Types and compositions of base stocks are reviewed and the product demands and compositions of typical products are outlined. Processes for commercial production of mineral oils are examined. Tables of data are included to show examples of product types and requirements. A chemical analysis of three types of mineral oils is reported.

Furby, N. W.

1973-01-01

214

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine you are hiking with your family and this shiney looking crystal catches your eye. You bring it home and no one in your family is able to tell you what it is. How do you find out? First you need to practice. Identifying minerals. Click on the following link. Identify all five minerals. On your peice of paper tell me their Name Color Luster Cleavage/Fracture Hardness Glenco simple mineral identification Now try and identify 7 real minerals using a virtual key. Answer the following questions What properties do you use to identify the mineral? Which ...

Rmesser

2010-11-16

215

Sorbitol in the accessory glands of the diabetic male rat.  

PubMed

Diabetes was induced in rats by i.v. injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg body weight). Diabetes was accompanied by infertility and atrophy of the male accessory glands. Blood glucose rose above 500 mg% (post-prandial) and blood testosterone decreased to 14% of the level found in normoglycemic rats. Diabetes was followed by increased levels of sorbitol in the male accessory glands, prostate, seminal vesicle and coagulating gland, and in the eyes and sciatic nerves. Insulin treatment of the diabetic rats prevented sorbitol accumulation in the above tissues. AY-22, 284, and inhibitor of aldose reductase given in the food (1 g/kg body weight/day) for 3 weeks, did not prevent sorbitol accumulation in the organs mentioned. The changes in sorbitol metabolism in the diabetic rat and their possible involvement in male fertility are discussed. PMID:7223308

Paz, G F; Drasnin, N; Homonnai, Z T

1980-01-01

216

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the question 'What is a mineral?' in the context of the guessing game 'Animal, Vegetable, or Mineral?'. It introduces a definition of the term, discusses the criteria used in the definition, and presents the common physical properties used in mineral identification. The lesson includes an activity in which students observe and record the physical properties of ten specimens and attempt to identify them using an online reference for practice.

Pratte, John

217

Accessory molecule regulation of naive CD4 T cell activation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Naive CD4 T cell activation is a complex process involving many steps. T cell receptor (TCR) signals, provided by interaction\\u000a with peptide\\/MHC on antigen-presenting cells (APC), control many events associated with activation. The extent of TCR signaling\\u000a and the magnitude of the T cell response is in turn controlled by accessory molecules on APC, which stabilize T-APC interactions.\\u000a Full T

Caroline Dubey; Michael Croft

1996-01-01

218

Detailed anatomy of a left accessory aberrant colic artery  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an aged human female cadaver a left accessory aberrant colic artery (LAACA) was observed and studied. It originated from\\u000a the superior mesenteric artery at 3 cm proximal to the middle colic artery, at the inferior border of pancreas, passing over\\u000a Treitz’s muscle and continued covered by the superior duodenal fold where it crossed the inferior mesenteric vein. Further,\\u000a it continued

M. C. Rusu; M. Vlad; L. M. Voinea; G. C. Curc?; A. M. ?i?u

2008-01-01

219

Mineral slurries  

SciTech Connect

A pumpable slurry of mineral particles, e.g., coal, in water contains 50 to 85% by weight of mineral particles based on the combined weight of mineral particles and water. The mineral component contains at least 30% by weight of coarse particles having a particle size in the range 5 to 50 mm, 10 to 40% by weight of fine particles having a particle size less than 200 micron and the balance to 100% of intermediate sized particles. The slurry is stable without the use of additives and can be pumped through a pipeline.

Baker, P.J.; Brookes, D.A.; Johnson, M.

1985-06-25

220

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use written and online materials to answer a set of questions on the general properties and identification of minerals. They will learn about physical properties such as color, hardness, and cleavage; special properties such as fluorescence and effervescence; and complete a chart listing properties for a selection of minerals. Links to the necessary information are provided.

Passow, Michael

221

Mystery Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will discover that minerals have specific characteristics that help to identify them. They will learn that minerals are formed by inorganic processes, are crystalline solids with an internal orderly arrangement of atoms, have specific chemical compositions, and have specific physical and chemical characteristics. They will also learn that minerals are commonly identified by the physical properties they possess, such as hardness, color, crystal shape, specific gravity, and streak. In addition, they will discover some other useful properties such as reaction with hydrochloric acid or a characteristic taste. They should also understand that color is not always a useful property for identifying minerals because it can vary. The students will also develop listening and observational skills and learn the uses of a few common minerals.

Morgan, Susan

222

Accessory silicate mineral assemblages in the Bilanga diogenite: A petrographic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The petrographic relationships in diogenites between orthopyroxene and minor phases such as chromite, troilite, diopside, plagioclase, and silica are often obscured by the intense brecciation that characterizes these meteorites. Although brecciated, Bilanga preserves numerous clasts displaying primary textural relations between orthopyroxene and these minor phases that are large enough to analyze by electron microprobe. In this study, we focus on

Kenneth Domanik; Serena Kolar; Donald Musselwhite; Michael J. Drake

2004-01-01

223

Accessory minerals of the Cínovec (Zinnwald) granite cupola, Czech Republic: indicators of petrogenetic evolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A fully cored drillhole was drilled to 1596 m by the Czech Geological Survey in 1961 1963 in the central part of the Cínovec (Zinnwald) granite cupola. Two types of granite were intersected: zinnwaldite granite (ZG), observed down to a depth of 730 m, and protolithionite granite (PG), occurring to the end of the hole. The core was used to study the distribution and chemistry of: zircon, thorite, xenotime, monazite, bastnäsite, synchysite, REE oxyfluorides and hydroxyfluorides. Zircon occurs throughout the drillcore; it is strongly hydrated and fluorinated with about 18.5 wt.% H2O content in the apical part of the cupola. Its F-content reaches 2.41 wt.%. Within the PG, the F concentration in zircon is low. Zircon is poor in Th and U and its HfO2 contents vary from 1.01 to 5.24 wt.%. Thorite is common in the PG, becoming rare in the ZG. It is strongly hydrated (up to 14 wt.% H2O) and fluorinated (up to 2.04 wt.% F). Extensive solid solution between ThSiO4 and YPO4 was observed. Xenotime is strongly hydrated (up to 16 wt.% H2O), but its F content is low (<0.31 wt.%). Two types of monazite were identified: Th-rich (up to 9.3 wt.% ThO2) in the ZG, and Th-poor (<2.5 wt.% ThO2) in the PG. Monazite remained stable during the hydration and fluorination process. Its REE chondrite-normalized distribution patterns show negative anomalies for La and Nd and a pronounced negative anomaly for Eu. Chemical compositions of several REE oxyfluorides and hydroxyfluorides were studied. REE fluorocarbonates are represented by bastnäsite and synchysite. Bastnäsite is abundant in the ZG. Its chondrite-normalized REE patterns are characterized by an important negative Eu anomaly and downward kinks at La and Nd. Synchysite-(Ce) and synchysite-(Y) are particularly well developed in the deeper parts of the cupola, and exhibit REE distribution patterns characterized by a weak negative Eu anomaly (synchysite-(Ce)), or a weak positive Eu anomaly (synchysite-(Y)).

Johan, Z.; Johan, V.

2005-01-01

224

Gahnite in the metamorphosed stratiform massive sulfide deposits of the Mineral District, Virginia, U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Ferroan-gahnite, (Zn,Fe)Al2O4, is a common accessory mineral found in association with the metamorphosed volcanogenic massive sulfide ore bodies of the Mineral District, Virginia. Gahnite is present throughout the mineralized zones that contain pyrite, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and sulfosalts. Although constituting only 1–2 modal percent of most samples and displaying not well-defined distribution pattern, gahnite is especially abundant at the margins

D. J. Sandhaus; J. R. Craig

1986-01-01

225

Extraperitoneal Pelvic laparoscopic disconnection of accessory urethra from normal urethra in a case of urethral duplication.  

PubMed

We report an extraperitoneal pelvic laparoscopic approach to disconnect accessory urethra from normal urethra in complete urethral duplication. First stage consisted of chordee correction, partial excision of the accessory urethra and glansplasty. In the second stage the remaining accessory urethra was disconnected from the normal urethra through a pre-peritoneal minimal access approach to the retropubic space. The remaining distal mucosa was ablated using monopolar cautery. PMID:24741219

Pant, Nitin; Aggarwal, Satish Kumar

2014-04-01

226

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2012-04-01

227

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2011-04-01

228

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2010-04-01

229

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2014-04-01

230

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2013-04-01

231

An investigation of accessory chromosomes in Panicum Coloratum L  

E-print Network

Collection Self Rrrtilitp of the Cloccl Picots Somctic Accessory Chromosome Hamber Eelaticnthij -between Phenotyg4c Cbsracrerietice end Accesccry Cbromocome Numbere. Rybridimation Techahpaas I . 36 3. . Cha'omcsams ~ of cj, onsX plsnCs og P eoiemcum... sslmhaa6 Sxv. ~ 2 Aeccscozy chromosome ~ax' M P ~ca ~rs puamca and Chs&m 8 g pi ogtglg 3. ms'-forciUcp of P. ceio~va gender giaM~XCions, %953 &~o COZUQlktniUQU Qf C4S mcsplB4OQROQX Chc?&CCSRLQCCCB QQd Qeees serg ehvamssccm nnchac of open po11ins...

Burson, Byron Lynn

2012-06-07

232

Thermomechanical milling of accessory lithics in volcanic conduits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accessory lithic clasts recovered from pyroclastic deposits commonly result from the failure of conduit wall rocks, and represent an underutilized resource for constraining conduit processes during explosive volcanic eruptions. The morphological features of lithic clasts provide distinctive 'textural fingerprints' of processes that have reshaped them during transport in the conduit. Here, we present the first study focused on accessory lithic clast morphology and show how the shapes and surfaces of these accessory pyroclasts can inform on conduit processes. We use two main types of accessory lithic clasts from pyroclastic fallout deposits of the 2360 B.P. subplinian eruption of Mount Meager, British Columbia, as a case study: (i) rough and subangular dacite clasts, and (ii) variably rounded and smoothed monzogranite clasts. The quantitative morphological data collected on these lithics include: mass, volume, density, 2-D image analysis of convexity (C), and 3-D laser scans for sphericity (?) and smoothness (S). Shaping and comminution (i.e. milling) of clasts within the conduit are ascribed to three processes: (1) disruptive fragmentation due to high-energy impacts between clasts or between clasts and conduit walls, (2) ash-blasting of clasts suspended within the volcanic flux, and (3) thermal effects. We use a simplified conduit eruption model to predict ash-blasting velocities and lithic residence times as a function of clast size and source depth, thereby constraining the lithic milling processes. The extent of shape and surface modification (i.e. rounding and honing) is directly proportional to clast residence times within the conduit prior to evacuation. We postulate that the shallow-seated dacite clasts remain subangular and rough due to short (<2 min) residence times, whereas monzogranite clasts are much more rounded and smoothed due to deeper source depths and consequently longer residence times (up to ˜1 h). Larger monzogranite clasts are smoother than smaller clasts due to longer residence times and to greater differential velocities within the ash-laden jet. Lastly, our model residence times and mass loss estimates for rounded clasts are used to estimate minimum attrition rates due to volcanic ash-blasting within the conduit (e.g., 12 cm3?s-1 for 25 cm clasts, sourced at 2500 m depth).

Campbell, Michelle E.; Russell, James K.; Porritt, Lucy A.

2013-09-01

233

Decontamination of minimally invasive surgical endoscopes and accessories.  

PubMed

(1) Infections following invasive endoscopy are rare and are usually of endogenous origin. Nevertheless, infections do occur due to inadequate cleaning and disinfection and the use of contaminated rinse water and processing equipment. (2) Rigid and flexible operative endoscopes and accessories should be thoroughly cleaned and preferably sterilized using properly validated processes. (3) Heat tolerant operative endoscopes and accessories should be sterilized using a vacuum assisted steam sterilizer. Use autoclavable instrument trays or containers to protect equipment during transit and processing. Small bench top sterilizers without vacuum assisted air removal are unsuitable for packaged and lumened devices. (4) Heat sensitive rigid and flexible endoscopes and accessories should preferably be sterilized using ethylene oxide, low temperature steam and formaldehyde (rigid only) or gas plasma (if appropriate). (5) If there are insufficient instruments or time to sterilize invasive endoscopes, or if no suitable method is available locally, they may be disinfected by immersion in 2% glutaraldehyde or a suitable alternative. An immersion time of at least 10 min should be adopted for glutaraldehyde. This is sufficient to inactivate most vegetative bacteria and viruses including HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV). Longer contact times of 20 min or more may be necessary if a mycobacterial infection is known or suspected. At least 3 h immersion in glutaraldehyde is required to kill spores. (6) Glutaraldehyde is irritant and sensitizing to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. Measures must be taken to ensure glutaraldehyde is used in a safe manner, i.e., total containment and/or extraction of harmful vapour and the provision of suitable personal protective equipment, i.e., gloves, apron and eye protection if splashing could occur. Health surveillance of staff is recommended and should include a pre-employment enquiry regarding asthma, skin and mucosal sensitivity problems and lung function testing by spirometry. (7) Possible alternative disinfectants to glutaraldehyde include peracetic acid (0.2-0.35%), chlorine dioxide (700-1100 ppm) and superoxidized water. These are very effective, killing vegetative bacteria, including mycobacteria, and viruses in 5 min and bacterial spores in 10 min. An endorsement of compatibility with endoscopes, accessories and processing equipment is required from both the solution/device manufacturer and the endoscope manufacturer. Other important considerations are stability, cost and safety from the user and environmental standpoints. (8) Cleaning and disinfection or sterilization should be undertaken by trained staff in a dedicated area, e.g., SSD or TSSU. A suitable training programme is described. (9) If endoscopes are processed by immersion in disinfectants, harmful residues must be removed by thorough rinsing. Sterile or bacteria free water is essential for rinsing all invasive endoscopes and accessories to prevent recontamination. (10) If an automated washer disinfector is used it must be effective, non-damaging, reliable, easy to use and its performance regularly monitored. (11) If used, washer disinfectors and other processing equipment should be disinfected on a regular basis, i.e., between patients or at the start of each session. This will prevent biofilm formation and recontamination of instruments during rinsing. Disinfection should include the water treatment system, if present. (12) To comply with the Medical Devices Directive, manufacturers are obliged to provide full details on how to decontaminate the reusable devices they supply. This should include details of compatibility with heat, pressure, moisture, processing chemicals and ultrasonics. (13) The Infection Control Team should always be involved in the formulation and implementation of decontamination policies. Wherever possible, the national good practice guidelines produced by the Medical Devices Agency and/or professional societies shoul PMID:10973743

Ayliffe, G

2000-08-01

234

Efferents and Centrifugal Afferents of the Main and Accessory Olfactory Bulbs in the Snake Thamnophis sirtalis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reinvestigates the efferent projections of the main and accessory olfactory bulbs and describes for the first time the centrifugal projections to the main and accessory olfactory bulbs in the snake Thamnophis sirtalis, using the intraaxonal transport of the anterograde and retrograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine and the retrograde tracer horseradish peroxidase. The olfactory projection consists of three tracts:

Enrique Lanuza; Mimi Halpern

1998-01-01

235

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...Persons § 1919.28 Unit proof tests—cranes and gear accessory thereto. (a...noted in paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines,...

2010-07-01

236

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...Persons § 1919.28 Unit proof tests—cranes and gear accessory thereto. (a...noted in paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines,...

2013-07-01

237

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...Persons § 1919.28 Unit proof tests—cranes and gear accessory thereto. (a...noted in paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines,...

2012-07-01

238

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...Persons § 1919.28 Unit proof tests—cranes and gear accessory thereto. (a...noted in paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines,...

2011-07-01

239

Effect of accessory in notch in bow on ship resistance performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the effect of the accessory in notch in bow on ship resistance performance is studied based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculation in respect to a self-propelled cutter suction dredger. This research finds the ship resistance performance of the ship with notch in bow changes a lot because of the accessory in notch in bow. And there

Shi Xun; Chen Xin-quan; Tan Jia-hua

2011-01-01

240

Health warning labelling practices on narghile (shisha, hookah) waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories  

PubMed Central

Background Waterpipe tobacco smoking prevalence is increasing around the globe despite current evidence that smoke emissions are toxic and contain carcinogenic compounds. Objective To evaluate current health warning labelling practices on waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories. Methods All waterpipe tobacco products, as well as waterpipe accessories, were purchased from Lebanon and a convenience sample was obtained from Dubai (United Arab Emirates), Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Bahrain, Canada, Germany and South Africa. Findings Of the total number of waterpipe tobacco products collected from Lebanon, the majority had textual health warning labels covering on average only 3.5% of total surface area of the package. Misleading descriptors were commonplace on waterpipe tobacco packages and related accessories. Conclusions There are no WHO FCTC compliant waterpipe-specific health warning labels on waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories. Introducing health warnings on waterpipe tobacco products and accessories will probably have worldwide public health benefits. PMID:20501497

Khalil, Joanna

2010-01-01

241

Problems concerning assessment of anatomical site of accessory pathway in Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.  

PubMed Central

Twp patients with type B WPW syndrome and reciprocal tachycardias have been studied using intracardiac electrograms and programmed electrical stimulation of the heart. One patient, who had a right-sided accessory pathway giving the surface electrocardiographic appearances of type B WPW syndrome, was shown to have an additional left-sided accessory pathway as occurs in type A WPW syndrome. This concealed left-sided atrioventricular connexion formed the retrograde pathway during reciprocal tachycardia. In the second patient the appearances of type B WPW syndrome were shown to be caused by an accessory pathway between the atrial septum and the right side of the interventricular septum rather than an accessory pathway in the right atrioventricular groove. The significance of these findings when considering surgical interruption of an accessory atrioventricular conduction pathway is discussed. PMID:1122270

Spurrell, R A; Krikler, D M; Sowton, E

1975-01-01

242

[An epidermoid cyst derived from an intrapancreatic accessory spleen].  

PubMed

A 43-year-old female patient had high levels of CA19-9 marker; an abdominal ultrasound revealed a cyst. Further investigations with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, and endoscopic ultrasound CT identified a multilocular cystic lesion on the pancreatic tail. An abnormal wall was noted, and different signal strengths were measured in each cyst. Thus, a mucinous cystic tumor was diagnosed, and distal pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy was performed. During the surgery, we identified a multilocular pancreatic cyst with internal bleeding at its distal end. The lesion was ultimately diagnosed as an epidermoid cyst of an intrapancreatic accessory spleen. This diagnosis was based on the histological observation that the vascular construction of the cystic wall was equivalent to that of the spleen, and that its internal tissue was covered by squamous epithelium. PMID:24598102

Shinohara, Fumi; Furukawa, Yoshinari; Itsuki, Hiroshi; Sakano, Ayaka; Hananoki, Mutsumi; Kurushima, Hitoshi; Matsumoto, Nori; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Fujihara, Megumu

2014-03-01

243

Simultaneous Accessory Pathway and AV Node Mechanical Block  

PubMed Central

We report a clinical case of a 22-year-old female referred to our institution due to palpitations and preexcitation. Her ECG suggested a right superior paraseptal accessory pathway (AP), which was localised during the electrophysiological study at the superior paraseptal region in close proximity to the His recordings. Reproducible orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia was induced by atrial pacing with extrastimuli. Cryo-mapping performed in the area of earliest atrial activation was not able to terminate the tachycardia. A second attempt, slightly more posterior, caused mechanical block of the AP, which rendered the tachycardia non-inducible. More pressure with the ablation catheter determined a Wenckebach type supra-hisian AV block, which was transient but reproducible. Given this finding no ablation was done. Simultaneous block to the AP and the atrioventricular node has rarely been reported using radiofrequency energy. However, to our knowledge this phenomenon has not been previously reported in large series using cryo-thermal energy. PMID:24130429

Garofalo, Daniel; Gallanti, Alfonso Gomez; Rama, David Filgueiras; Peinado, Rafael Peinado

2013-01-01

244

Simultaneous Accessory Pathway and AV Node Mechanical Block.  

PubMed

We report a clinical case of a 22-year-old female referred to our institution due to palpitations and preexcitation. Her ECG suggested a right superior paraseptal accessory pathway (AP), which was localised during the electrophysiological study at the superior paraseptal region in close proximity to the His recordings. Reproducible orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia was induced by atrial pacing with extrastimuli. Cryo-mapping performed in the area of earliest atrial activation was not able to terminate the tachycardia. A second attempt, slightly more posterior, caused mechanical block of the AP, which rendered the tachycardia non-inducible. More pressure with the ablation catheter determined a Wenckebach type supra-hisian AV block, which was transient but reproducible. Given this finding no ablation was done. Simultaneous block to the AP and the atrioventricular node has rarely been reported using radiofrequency energy. However, to our knowledge this phenomenon has not been previously reported in large series using cryo-thermal energy. PMID:24130429

Garofalo, Daniel; Gallanti, Alfonso Gomez; Rama, David Filgueiras; Peinado, Rafael Peinado

2013-01-01

245

Development of Heat-resistant XLPE Cable and Accessories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have developed heat-resistant XLPE cable and accessories that can be operated at 105°C as the maximum permissible conductor temperature in normal operation. Through this cable system, greater transmission capacity can be achieved using existing cable ducts and without increasing the conductor size of the cable. We have developed heat-resistant XLPE insulation material which has a higher melting point than that of conventional XLPE. The breakdown strength of heat-resistant XLPE cable at 105°C is almost the same as that of conventional XLPE cable at 90°C. The heat deformation of the new cable at 105°C is almost the same as that of conventional XLPE cable at 90°C. Conventional self-pressurized rubber joints can be applied to heat-resistant cable lines with the new waterproof joint compound with low heat resistivity.

Yamada, Hiroyuki; Nakagawa, Shinichi; Murata, Yoshinao; Kishi, Kouji; Katakai, Shoshi

246

Dermoscopy of accessory nipples in authors’ own study  

PubMed Central

Introduction The accessory nipple (AN) is characterised by its network-like structures, which may suggest the diagnosis of a melanocytic lesion. The knowledge about additional dermoscopic features of AN may greatly minimise the risk of unnecessary surgical excisions. Aim To analyse and present different clinical and dermoscopic forms, in which the AN may appear. Material and methods Ninety AN with dermoscopic features were evaluated in the study, detected in 14 patients between the years 2008 and 2014. Results The most common dermoscopic features of the AN were central, scar-like areas (15/19) and peripheral network-like structures (12/19). A number of cleft-like appearances (8/19) and central network-like structures (7/19) had also been observed. Moreover, among the dermoscopic features, white cobblestone-like structures (7/19), a central round dimpling with a plug (6/19) and fisheye-like structures resembling comedo-like openings (9/19) have all also been noted. There is a statistical significance in the occurrence of white cobblestone-like structures with central network-like structures (Fisher's exact test p = 0.0449). The presence of peripheral network-like structures with the occurrence of central scar-like areas was statistically highly significant (p = 0.0091). The central round dimpling was never observed alongside any central network-like structures in any of the lesions (p = 0.0436). Conclusions Accessory nipples are most commonly characterised by the occurrence of a peripheral network-like structure accompanied by the presence of a scar-like area. PMID:25097482

Szymszal, Jan; Silny, Wojciech

2014-01-01

247

Geomorphic mapping of floodplain accessory channels with implications for floodplain morphodynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Floodplain morphology plays a key role in routing of floodwaters, sediment transport during floods, and the mechanics of the main channel. High-resolution topographic data (e.g., LiDAR) reveal a wealth of previously unappreciated geomorphic floodplain features. Using 1.5-m LiDAR data from Indiana, we found that the floodplains of Indiana rivers often contain a large number of secondary accessory channels. Accessory channels are subordinate to the main channel and are only active during flood stage, which is confirmed by Landsat images of inundated floodplains. Individual accessory channels are linear to sinuous, having widths ranging from 15 to 35% of the main channel, and lengths ranging from 500 to 3500 meters. On the White River, for example, the accessory channels account for ~25% of the floodplain area and these accessory channels are numerous and wide enough that during a ~10-year flood they conveyed all the flood discharge, leaving the inter-channel areas dry. To assess the pervasiveness of floodplain accessory channels, we inventoried all the floodplains of Indiana rivers having channel widths greater than 20 m. We constrained the mapping to the modern floodplains of each river, avoiding terraced floodplains related to the last glacial maximum. In total, we mapped 1100 km2 of floodplain; 55% of that area showed evidence for floodplain accessory channels. Moreover, there is a high concentration of floodplains exhibiting floodplain accessory channels in south-central Indiana occurring along the transition from glacial till into bedrock. Our preliminary hypothesis for the formation of floodplain accessory channels is that the channels form by connecting preexisting topographic lows, such as abandoned meander loops. Geomorphic mapping of a 7-km stretch of the floodplain along the White River reveals that the concave portions of accessory channels are associated with scroll-bar topography and abandoned meander loops from the main channel. In fact, 73% of the accessory channels annexed abandoned meander loops. Based on this, we conclude that accessory channels are associated with meandering rivers because frequent meander-loop cutoffs of the main channel create preexisting conduits that are then linked together during floods. These long coherent down-valley accessory channels have important implications for the morphodynamics of floodplains and flood-wave propagation.

David, S. R.; Edmonds, D. A.; Letsinger, S. L.; Hajek, E. A.

2013-12-01

248

Mineral bioprocessing  

SciTech Connect

In the last 25 years, the introduction of biotechnological methods in hydrometallurgy has created new opportunities and challenges for the mineral processing industry. This was especially true for the production of metal values from mining wastes and low-and-complex-grade mineral resources, which were considered economically not amenable for processing by conventional extraction methods. Using bio-assisted heap, dump and in-situ leaching technologies, copper and uranium extractions gained their first industrial applications. The precious metal industries were the next to adopt the bio-preoxidation technique in the extraction of gold from refractory sulfide-bearing ores and concentrates. A variety of other bioleaching opportunities exist for nickel, cobalt, cadmium and zinc sulfide leaching. Recently developed bioremediation methods and biosorption technologies have shown a good potential for industrial applications to remove trace heavy metal and radionuclide concentrations from contaminated soils, and mining and processing effluents.

Torma, A.E.

1993-05-01

249

Mineral Commodities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise introduces mineral commodities (elements). Students consider the elements aluminum, iron, copper, nickel, zinc, uranium, lead, gold, mercury and tin and match them with their definintions in a table. Then they use minable grade (minable weight percent) and normal crustal abundance (crustal weight percent) to calculate the concentration factor for several commodities to determine their economic minability. Students then graph their calculations and explain their trend.

Perkins, Dexter

250

Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Paraná Basin carbonatites, South America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strontian-loparite is recognized at Sarambi and Chiriguelo, Paraguay and at Salitre I, Brazil as an accessory mineral in rheomorphic sanidine-aegirine-nepheline dikes associated with carbonatite plugs. Strontio-chevkinite is recognized only at Sarambi in the same rheomorphic fenites hosting Strontian-loparite, with lamprophyllite as an additional strontium-bearing mineral. Electron microbeam analyses of strontian-loparite yield fairly constant TiO2 contents (-40 wt.%), with REE (25

Stephen E. Haggerty; Anthony N. Mariano

1983-01-01

251

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rock Cycle Mineralogy 4 Kids Mineralogy 4 kids : rockin Internet site : the best place to learn about rocks and minerals Rock Cycle Map Rocks and Minerals Rocks and Minerals Pictures Rocks and Minerals Slide Show Rocks and Minerals Slide Show Earth Science Earth Science Uses for Minerals Metamorphic Rock Forming Sedimentary Rocks Observation ...

Richrigby

2010-02-23

252

26 CFR 48.4062(a)-1 - Specific parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4062(a)-1 Specific parts or accessories. Spark plugs, storage batteries, leaf springs, coils, timers, and tire chains, which are suitable for use on or in connection with, or as...

2010-04-01

253

26 CFR 48.4062(a)-1 - Specific parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4062(a)-1 Specific parts or accessories. Spark plugs, storage batteries, leaf springs, coils, timers, and tire chains, which are suitable for use on or in connection with, or as...

2012-04-01

254

26 CFR 48.4062(a)-1 - Specific parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4062(a)-1 Specific parts or accessories. Spark plugs, storage batteries, leaf springs, coils, timers, and tire chains, which are suitable for use on or in connection with, or as...

2011-04-01

255

Successful radiofrequency ablation of a true paraHissian accessory pathway.  

PubMed

Radiofrequency catheter ablation seems to become a first-line therapy for patients with paroxysmal tachycardias using an accessory pathway. We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who suffered from drug-resistant recurrent reciprocating tachycardia, using an uncommon accessory pathway. The 12-lead electrocardiogram in sinus rhythm showed the following characteristics: a positive delta waves in leads I, II, aVL, aVF, QRS axis = 0 degrees, R/S in lead V1 < 1, and a special QRS pattern in the precordial leads (QS or Qr in V1-V3 and QRS transition > V3). A deep septal parahissian accessory pathway has been localized using classic endocardial mapping procedures and has been confirmed during successful radiofrequency catheter ablation. Normal auriculo-ventricular conduction has been totally preserved. No complications or recurrence were observed during the follow-up. We have reviewed the electrophysiologic criteria to confirm this rare accessory pathway location. PMID:8540273

de Meester, A; de Jonghe, D; de Roy, L

1995-01-01

256

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

257

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

258

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

259

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

260

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

261

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories....

2013-04-01

262

21 CFR 878.4200 - Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4200 Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories. (a)...

2012-04-01

263

21 CFR 878.4200 - Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4200 Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

264

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories....

2014-04-01

265

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2013-04-01

266

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2012-04-01

267

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories....

2011-04-01

268

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2011-04-01

269

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories....

2012-04-01

270

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2014-04-01

271

21 CFR 878.4200 - Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories.  

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4200 Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories. (a)...

2014-04-01

272

21 CFR 878.4200 - Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4200 Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories. (a)...

2011-04-01

273

One nose, one brain: contribution of the main and accessory olfactory system to chemosensation  

PubMed Central

The accessory olfactory system is present in most tetrapods. It is involved in the perception of chemical stimuli, being implicated also in the detection of pheromones. However, it is sensitive also to some common odorant molecules, which have no clear implication in intraspecific chemical communication. The accessory olfactory system may complement the main olfactory system and may contribute different perceptual features to the construction of a unitary representation, which merges the different chemosensory qualities. Crosstalk between the main and accessory olfactory systems occurs at different levels of central processing, in brain areas where the inputs from the two systems converge. Interestingly, centrifugal projections from more caudal brain areas are deeply involved in modulating both main and accessory sensory processing. A high degree of interaction between the two systems may be conceived and partial overlapping appears to occur in many functions. Therefore, the central chemosensory projections merge inputs from different organs to obtain a complex chemosensory picture. PMID:23162438

Mucignat-Caretta, Carla; Redaelli, Marco; Caretta, Antonio

2012-01-01

274

Extraretinal modulation of accessory optic units in the pigeon.  

PubMed

1. Electrophysiological methods were used to investigate the pretectal and telencephalic control of units within the nucleus of the basal optic root (nBOR) of the accessory optic system of pigeons. 2. Electrical stimulation of the pretectal lentiform nucleus mainly produced excitatory effects on nBOR units with temporal-to-nasal directional preference (among 109 cells, 51% were excited, 23% were inhibited and 23% were not affected) and inhibitory effects on units with nasal-to-temporal preferences (among 88 cells, 43% were inhibited, 38% were not affected, and 19% were excited). 3. Electrical stimulation of the visual Wulst (considered to be the equivalent of the visual cortex) produced mainly inhibitory effects on units with downward preferences (among 123 units, 47% were inhibited, 24% were excited and 29% were not affected), and mixed effects on units with upward preferences (among 70 cells, 30% were excited, 36% were inhibited and 34% were not affected). 4. Excitatory effects of LM stimulation had first-spike latencies ranging from 2-20 ms (mean +/- SEM, 5.5 +/- 0.7 ms), whereas latencies of W stimulation ranged from 6 to 30 ms (13.0 +/- 0.9 ms). 5. These results provide additional information about the neural substrates of the optokinetic nystagmus. PMID:1823282

Nogueira, M I; Britto, L R

1991-01-01

275

Comparative morphology of the accessory olfactory bulb in bats.  

PubMed Central

Bouin-perfused brains of 148 bats (76 species, 48 genera, 8 families) were examined in serial sections for the presence of an accessory olfactory bulb. A moderate to well developed AOB was identified in 26 species. However, absence of an AOB in a particular species does not preclude its presence in some other species of that genus. Descriptions and measurements of the AOBs of each species are reported. The unmyelinated vomeronasal nerve enters the bulb medially and posteriorly. The glomeruli, variable in diameter, appear better circumscribed than previously described. Mitral cells often form thick layers, up to five cells deep, which sometimes reach the dorsolateral surface of the bulb formation. Both external and internal plexiform layers are thin. The latter, however is seen only in a few species. The internal granular layer, reaching the ventricular ependyma in some species, is a prominent component of the bulb. The pars dorsalis of the lateral olfactory tract usually courses between the mitral and internal granular layers. The chiropteran AOB does not differ in significant detail from that of insectivores, primates and other mammals. The occurrence of a functional vomeronasal system in the frugivorous, nectarivorous, and sanguivorous Phyllosotomatidae points to a primary functional role of this system in feeding strategy, at least in bats. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 Fig. 7 Fig. 8 Fig. 9 Fig. 10 Fig. 11 Fig. 12 Fig. 13 Fig. 14 PMID:7400042

Frahm, H D; Bhatnagar, K P

1980-01-01

276

Macaque accessory optic system: II. Connections with the pretectum.  

PubMed

Connections of the accessory optic system (AOS) with the pretectum are described in the macaque monkey. Injections of tritiated amino acids in the pretectum demonstrate a major contralateral projection to the dorsal (DTN), lateral (LTN), and medial (MTN) terminal nuclei of the AOS and a sparser projection to the ipsilateral LTN. Injections of retrograde tracers, Fast Blue (FB), or wheat germ agglutinin horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) plus nonconjugated horseradish peroxidase (HRP) in the LTN show that the pretectal-LTN projection originates from two nuclei. The main source of pretectal efferents to the LTN is from the pretectal olivary nucleus (OPN) and is entirely contralateral. This projection, which appears unique to primates, originates from the large multipolar cells of the OPN. In addition to this projection, the nucleus of the optic tract (NOT) projects to the ipsilateral LTN, as in nonprimates. Injection of WGA-HRP in the pretectum shows a reciprocal predominantely ipsilateral projection from the LTN to the pretectum. Retinas were observed after injection of FB in the LTN. The retinal ganglion cells projecting to the AOS are mainly distributed near the fovea and in the nasal region of the contralateral eye, suggesting a nasotemporal pattern of decussation. The demonstration of a direct connection between LTN and OPN forces to a reconsideration of the functional role of the AOS. Previous descriptions of luminance responsive cells in the LTN support a possible participation of this nucleus in the control of the pupillary light reflex. PMID:1705270

Baleydier, C; Magnin, M; Cooper, H M

1990-12-01

277

Male Accessory Gland Infection: Relevance of Serum Total Testosterone Levels  

PubMed Central

Aim of the present study was to evaluate the different ultrasound characterization of fertile symptomatic patients with MAGI (male accessory gland infection) according to different serum concentrations of total T (TT). We analyzed the ultrasound and hormonal data of 200 patients aged between 24.0 and 67.0 years. Patients were divided into six groups according to the sextile distribution of TT. Patients with serum concentrations of TT < 3.6?ng?mL?1 had a higher mean duration of symptoms compared to the other examined groups. Patients with serum concentrations of TT > 6.6?ng?mL?1 showed a frequency of ultrasound criteria suggestive for bilateral form of prostatitis and prostate-vesiculo-epididymitis and significantly lower compared to the other examined groups. At multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and BMI, TT was an independent predictive factor of prostatovesiculitis (OR = 0.818 [95% CI: 0.675–0.992]; P < 0.01) and prostate-vesiculo-epididymitis (OR = 0.714 [95% CI: 0.578–0.880]; P < 0.01), which represent the main forms of complicated MAGI. The results of this study suggest that male hypogonadism could be associated with a different ultrasound characterization of these patients. PMID:25276133

Condorelli, R. A.; Calogero, A. E.; Vicari, E.; Favilla, V.; Cimino, S.; Russo, G. I.; Morgia, G.; La Vignera, S.

2014-01-01

278

Gene Expression in Human Accessory Lacrimal Glands of Wolfring  

PubMed Central

Purpose. The accessory lacrimal glands are assumed to contribute to the production of tear fluid, but little is known about their function. The goal of this study was to conduct an analysis of gene expression by glands of Wolfring that would provide a more complete picture of the function of these glands. Methods. Glands of Wolfring were isolated from frozen sections of human eyelids by laser microdissection. RNA was extracted from the cells and hybridized to gene expression arrays. The expression of several of the major genes was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Results. Of the 24 most highly expressed genes, 9 were of direct relevance to lacrimal function. These included lysozyme, lactoferrin, tear lipocalin, and lacritin. The glands of Wolfring are enriched in genes related to protein synthesis, targeting, and secretion, and a large number of genes for proteins with antimicrobial activity were detected. Ion channels and transporters, carbonic anhydrase, and aquaporins were abundantly expressed. Genes for control of lacrimal function, including cholinergic, adrenergic, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, purinergic, androgen, and prolactin receptors were also expressed in gland of Wolfring. Conclusions. The data suggest that the function of glands of Wolfring is similar to that of main lacrimal glands and are consistent with secretion electrolytes, fluid, and protein under nervous and hormonal control. Since these glands secrete directly onto the ocular surface, their location may allow rapid response to exogenous stimuli and makes them readily accessible to topical drugs. PMID:22956620

Ubels, John L.; Gipson, Ilene K.; Spurr-Michaud, Sandra J.; Tisdale, Ann S.; Van Dyken, Rachel E.; Hatton, Mark P.

2012-01-01

279

Accessory nipple reconstruction following a central quadrantectomy: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction nipple dichotomy (or intra-areolar polythelia) is a rare congenital malformation in which one or more supernumerary nipples are located within the same areola. A case of a woman undergoing a central quadrantectomy with a contralateral supernumerary nipple used for reconstruction is reported. No other report in the Literature, according to our search, has focused on reconstructive use of an accessory nipple after breast conserving surgery. Case presentation the patient is a 73 year-old Caucasian woman, who two years earlier underwent a lower-outer left Quadrantectomy plus axillary sampling and radiation therapy for a 2,2 cm lobular carcinoma with no lymph node involvement. A routine follow-up assessment showed an important fibrotic change on the operated breast, just across the infra-mammary fold; at a breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging, a 1,5 cm area in retroareolar position, suspicious for local recurrence, was evident. An open biopsy was therefore performed, under local anaesthesia, including the nipple-areolar complex to realize a central Quadrantectomy with a Grisotti procedure; a congenital dichotomic nipple in the contralateral breast was then used to repair the defect through a "nipple-sharing" technique. The final histological examination reported a fibrotic mastopathy without atypias. Conclusion in this case, the "nipple-sharing" technique has allowed in the same time the correction of a rare congenital defect and provided the surgeon with a supernumerary nipple to be used in the immediate reconstruction after breast conserving surgery. PMID:19133154

2009-01-01

280

Accessory Atrioventricular Myocardial Connections in the Developing Human Heart Relevance for Perinatal Supraventricular Tachycardias  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background—Fetal and neonatal atrioventricular (AV) reentrant tachycardias can be life-threatening but resolve in most cases during the first year of life. The transient presence of accessory AV myocardial connections during annulus fibrosus development may explain this phenomenon. Methods and Results—A total of 45 human embryonic, fetal, and neonatal sectioned hearts (4 to 36 weeks of development) were studied immunohistochemically. Accessory

Nathan D. Hahurij; Adriana C. Gittenberger-De Groot; Denise P. Kolditz; Regina Bökenkamp; Martin J. Schalij; Robert E. Poelmann; Nico A. Blom

281

Morphology and connections of the abdominal accessory neurons of the crayfish Cherax destructor.  

PubMed

Associated with the abdominal muscle receptor organs of crayfish are accessory neurons that inhibit the activity of the stretch receptors. Cobalt infusion into their cut axons reveals four accessory somata associated with each hemiganglion in the abdomen of the crayfish Cherax destructor. These conform to the pattern described previously for these neurons: The cell bodies are in the ganglion posterior to the one from which they exit. We recorded intracellularly from the largest accessory neurons, Acc-1 and Acc-2, and stained them with intracellular dye to establish unambiguously the characteristics defining their identity and structure. We describe their branching patterns in the ganglion of origin and the ganglion of exit. This morphological information permitted us to distinguish all four accessory neurons in preparations with dye infused through their cut axons, and we propose a revised, unambiguous nomenclature for the two smaller ones. Our intracelluar recordings allowed us to reexamine the physiological relationships of Acc-1 and Acc-2, the only accessory neurons for which there are data in the literature. In general, the connections and inputs described in previous studies were substantiated, although there has clearly been confusion between the two, and they differ in a number of significant ways. We found that they are seldom active together, have different firing patterns, and may operate with different clusters of extensor and flexor motorneurons. The results illustrate the level at which the accessory neurons operate within the abdominal control system but do not distinguish between competing hypotheses concerning their role in behavior. The data are consistent with the view that accessory neurons assist in timing between adjacent segments. PMID:14755535

Drummond, Joanne M; Macmillan, David L

2004-02-16

282

Efferents and centrifugal afferents of the main and accessory olfactory bulbs in the snake Thamnophis sirtalis.  

PubMed

This study reinvestigates the efferent projections of the main and accessory olfactory bulbs and describes for the first time the centrifugal projections to the main and accessory olfactory bulbs in the snake Thamnophis sirtalis, using the intraaxonal transport of the anterograde and retrograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine and the retrograde tracer horseradish peroxidase. The olfactory projection consists of three tracts: the lateral olfactory tract, which projects bilaterally to the lateral cortex and the rostral amygdala, crossing the midline through the stria medullaris-habenular commissure system; the intermediate olfactory tract, which projects ipsilaterally to the olfactory tubercle and contributes to the contralateral projection; and the medial olfactory tract, which projects ipsilaterally to the dorsomedial retrobulbar formation. The vomeronasal projection is formed by a single tract, the accessory olfactory tract, that projects ipsilaterally to the nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract, the medial amygdala and the nucleus sphericus. The centrifugal projections to the main and accessory olfactory bulb are composed of two components: one that arises in areas that receive the olfactory or vomeronasal input (neurons in the olfactory tubercle, retrobulbar formation and lateral cortex project to the main olfactory bulb; and neurons in the nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract, the medial amygdala and the nucleus sphericus project to the accessory olfactory bulb), and another that arises in areas not directly implicated in processing the chemosensory information (the nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca and the dorsal cortex). These data allow the recognition of the general pattern of organization of the reptilian olfactory and vomeronasal systems. PMID:9435967

Lanuza, E; Halpern, M

1998-01-01

283

Mineral Sands Down Under  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes what mineral sands are, and discusses the heavy, dark-colored minerals that they contain (rutile, ilmenite, zircon, monazite). A map shows locations of mineral sands deposits in Australia.

284

Vitamins and Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Nutrition for Everyone Nutrition Topics Share Compartir Vitamins and Minerals Vitamins are organic substances (made by plants or animals), ... humans absorb minerals from the plants they eat. Vitamins and minerals are nutrients that your body needs ...

285

Properties of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine a number of key mineral properties and how they are displayed by different minerals. Mineral properties examined include crystal habit, cleavage, parting, fracture, hardness, tenacity, specific gravity, luster, color, and streak.

Perkins, Dexter

286

Accessory cell function in the Con A response: role of Ia-positive and Ia-negative accessory cells.  

PubMed

We have examined the role of Ia-positive and Ia-negative accessory cells (AC) and soluble factors in Con A-stimulated murine T cell activation. Supernatant fluids containing interleukin 1 (IL 1) derived from the P388D1 macrophage cell line and from a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated macrophage hybridoma provided only partial reconstitution of the response of purified T cells (18 to 27%). The complete reconstitution obtained with gamma-irradiated spleen cells or LPS-activated B cells was inhibited by approximately 60 to 77% when anti-Ia antibody was included in the culture. Despite this apparent involvement of Ia+ spleen AC, Ia-negative L cell AC could also reconstitute the response of both Class I-restricted Lyt-2+ T cells and Class II-restricted L3T4+ T cells. When the Ia-negative AC were employed, the L3T4 antigen on L3T4+ T cells played a critical role because addition of anti-L3T4 antibody to the culture inhibited the response by 85 to 90%. In contrast, anti-L3T4 did not inhibit the response in the presence of spleen AC. These results suggest that the molecules involved in T cell-AC interactions may vary depending on the AC source. Moreover, at least one of the putative target ligands for L3T4 presumably is not Ia, because anti-L3T4 inhibited T cell stimulation when Ia-negative AC were used. PMID:3881521

Bekoff, M; Kakiuchi, T; Grey, H M

1985-03-01

287

Concealed left superior accessory pathway. Distinctive features of retrograde atrial activation and successful ablation using transseptal approach.  

PubMed

Concealed left superior accessory pathways are very infrequent and can be difficult to diagnose and ablate. We describe here the case of a patient presenting with reciprocating tachycardia involving superior and inferior left accessory pathways. Left superior accessory pathway was suspected because of the simultaneous retrograde atrial activation at the distal coronary sinus (CS) and His bundle lead and could be successfully ablated using transseptal catheterization. PMID:19966325

Maury, Philippe; Duparc, Alexandre; Graffeille, Alain; Hebrard, Aurelien; Mondoly, Pierre; Rollin, Anne; Delay, Marc

2010-04-01

288

Studies on the accessory requirement for T lymphocyte activation by concanavalin A.  

PubMed Central

In this study we have examined the interactions between accessory cells (AC) and T cells in response to Con A. Highly purified peripheral blood T cells and AC exposed to a variety of treatments were used. We found that untreated AC provided optimal help for T cell proliferation and this was not mediated by soluble factors since whole cells could not be replaced with supernatants from activated AC. Furthermore, cycloheximide-treated AC were able to supply the accessory signal although unable to elaborate soluble activation factors. To find out more about the accessory signal, we examined the ability of monocytes mildly fixed with glutaraldehyde to supply help. These cells were completely unable to perform as AC, although they were viable and had unaltered surface antigen expression. They could not secrete activation factors, but this alone could not explain their inability to supply help because this function was not restored with the addition of soluble activation factors. This indicated that AC-T cell contact was of prime importance to accessory function. To investigate the possibility that AC work by cross-linking structures on the lymphocyte surface, we attempted to substitute for the soluble Con A plus AC with Con A bound to the surface of erythrocytes. Comparable stimulation was observed, suggesting that the cross-linking of Con A-bound structures on the lymphocyte surface generates the accessory signal. PMID:3100115

Gallagher, R B; Whelan, A; Feighery, C

1986-01-01

289

Intracisternal Cranial Root Accessory Nerve Schwannoma Associated with Recurrent Laryngeal Neuropathy  

PubMed Central

Intracisternal accessory nerve schwannomas are very rare; only 18 cases have been reported in the literature. In the majority of cases, the tumor origin was the spinal root of the accessory nerve and the tumors usually presented with symptoms and signs of intracranial hypertension, cerebellar ataxia, and myelopathy. Here, we report a unique case of an intracisternal schwannoma arising from the cranial root of the accessory nerve in a 58-year-old woman. The patient presented with the atypical symptom of hoarseness associated with recurrent laryngeal neuropathy which is noted by needle electromyography, and mild hypesthesia on the left side of her body. The tumor was completely removed with sacrifice of the originating nerve rootlet, but no additional neurological deficits. In this report, we describe the anatomical basis for the patient's unusual clinical symptoms and discuss the feasibility and safety of sacrificing the cranial rootlet of the accessory nerve in an effort to achieve total tumor resection. To our knowledge, this is the first case of schwannoma originating from the cranial root of the accessory nerve that has been associated with the symptoms of recurrent laryngeal neuropathy. PMID:25328655

Jin, Sung-Won; Park, Dong-Hyuk; Kang, Shin-Hyuk

2014-01-01

290

Male Breast Cancer Originating in an Accessory Mammary Gland in the Axilla: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Carcinoma of an accessory mammary gland is an extremely rare tumor. A 61-year-old male patient presented with a hard mass measuring 85?mm × 51?mm in the left axilla. Incisional biopsy histopathologically showed an adenocarcinoma compatible with breast carcinoma originating in an accessory mammary gland. Systemic examinations revealed no evidence of malignant or occult primary lesion in the bilateral mammary glands or in other organs. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was performed for the locally advanced axillary tumor and reduced the tumor to 55?mm in size, and, then, he could undergo complete resection with a negative surgical margin in combination with reconstructive surgery to fill the resulting skin defect with a local flap of the latissimus dorsi muscle. The patient has presented with no metastatic lesion in four years since the operation. This unusual case shows that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is an effective and tolerated therapy for advanced accessory breast cancer in the axilla. PMID:23251170

Yamamura, Jun; Masuda, Norikazu; Kodama, Yoshinori; Yasojima, Hiroyuki; Mizutani, Makiko; Kuriyama, Keiko; Mano, Masayuki; Nakamori, Shoji; Sekimoto, Mitsugu

2012-01-01

291

Mineralization of Bacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of viable and nonviable bacteria became mineralized with hydroxyapatite when implanted in dialysis bags in the peritoneal cavities of rats. The microscopic pattern of mineral deposition appeared analogous to that in the formation of oral calculus. Since nonviable organisms were mineralized at an accelerated rate, bacterial metabolic processes may not be essential for mineralization.

A. A. Rizzo; G. R. Martin; D. B. Scott; S. E. Mergenhagen

1962-01-01

292

Introduction to Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity can be used as the introduction for a unit on mineral or crystal structure. It requires the students to create shapes cooperatively and put them together. This is analogous to individual crystals forming or to minerals forming. They will understand that minerals are made up of structures in certain patterns, and that these structures determine some of the properties of the minerals.

293

Earth's Mineral Evolution  

E-print Network

Earth's Mineral Evolution :: Astrobiology Magazine - earth science - evol...rth science evolution Extreme Life Mars Life Outer Planets Earth's Mineral Evolution Summary (Nov 14, 2008): New research. Display Options: Earth's Mineral Evolution Based on a CIW news release Mineral Kingdom Has Co

Downs, Robert T.

294

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Accessory Protein 4a Is a Type I Interferon Antagonist  

PubMed Central

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe acute respiratory infection with as yet unclear epidemiology. We previously showed that MERS-CoV counteracts parts of the innate immune response in human bronchiolar cells. Here we analyzed accessory proteins 3, 4a, 4b, and 5 for their abilities to inhibit the type I interferon response. Accessory protein 4a was found to block interferon induction at the level of melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) activation presumably by direct interaction with double-stranded RNA. PMID:24027320

Niemeyer, Daniela; Zillinger, Thomas; Muth, Doreen; Zielecki, Florian; Horvath, Gabor; Suliman, Tasnim; Barchet, Winfried; Weber, Friedemann

2013-01-01

295

Peroneus quartus, an accessory muscle in human: case report and its clinical importance.  

PubMed

The peroneus quartus is an accessory peroneal muscle seen in man. The term 'peroneus quartus' is often used to refer one or several of the accessory peroneal muscles. In this case, we report an unusual type of peroneus quartus which was originating from the muscular portion of the peroneus brevis and inserting onto the peroneus longus tendon. The clinical implications are emphasized with the morphological significance and literature review. The orthopedic surgeons and radiologists should be aware of the possible presence of this muscle not only because of its associated pathology, but also for its potential use in plastic surgeries. PMID:23007814

Murlimanju, B V; D'Souza, P S; Prabhu, L V; Saralaya, V V; David, S J

2012-07-01

296

ESF GROUND SUPPORT - MATERIAL DEDICATION ANALYSIS FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL AND ACCESSORIES FROM A COMMERCIAL GRADE SOURCE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to select the critical characteristics to be verified for steel sets and accessories and the verification methods to be implemented through a material dedication process for the procurement and use of commercial grade structural steel sets and accessories (which have a nuclear safety function) to be used in ground support (with the exception of alcove ground support and alcove opening framing, which are not addressed in this analysis) for the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) Topopah Spring (TS) Loop. The ESF TS Loop includes the North Ramp, Main Drift, and South Ramp underground openings.

M.D. Stine

1996-01-23

297

Desmotomy for treatment of chronic desmitis of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon in a horse.  

PubMed Central

Chronic lameness was determined to be caused by desmitis of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon and adhesions associated with these 2 structures. Desmotomy of the accessory ligament, resection of adhesions, and controlled exercise during convalescence resulted in return to normal use without apparent lameness. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. PMID:9332748

Todhunter, P G; Schumacher, J; Finn-Bodner, S T

1997-01-01

298

Progress in the clinical imaging research of bone diseases on ankle and foot sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles  

PubMed Central

Summary Sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles are research focuses of foot and ankle surgery. Pains of the foot and ankle are related to sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles. The specific anatomical and functional relationship of sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles can cause such bone diseases as the dislocation of sesamoid bones and accessory bones, infection, inflammation and necrosis of sesamoid bones, cartilage softening, tenosynovitis of sesamoid bones and the sesamoid bone syndrome. However, these bone diseases are often misdiagnosed or mistreated. In patients with trauma history, relevant diseases of sesamoid bones and accessory ossicles as above mentioned are highly probable to be misdiagnosed as avulsion fractures. In such cases, radiographic findings may provide a basis for clinical diagnosis.

Li, Xiaozhong; Shi, Lenian; Liu, Taiyun; Wang, Lin

2012-01-01

299

A rare case of hemangiomatosis of the spleen and intrapancreatic accessory spleen.  

PubMed

We presented a very rare case of hemangiomatosis of the spleen and intrapancreatic accessory spleen in the tail of the pancreas. A previously healthy 45-year-old woman felt left back pain and received CT scan. Multiple splenic masses and a pancreatic mass in the tail were detected. Both the lesions presented gradual and weak enhancement and pooling of the contrast medium until very late phase on dynamic MRI. Since the lesions in the spleen and the pancreas presented the same characteristics on dynamic CT/MRI, ultrasonography, and positron emission tomography using fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose, we suspected these lesions as hemangiomatosis of the spleen and intrapancreatic accessory spleen. We performed distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy, and pathological diagnosis was hemangiomatosis of the spleen and intrapancreatic accessory spleen. We should consider the possibility of splenic tumors arising from the spleen and intrapancreatic accessory spleen when we find similar lesions in the spleen and the tail of the pancreas. Gradual and weak enhancement and pooling of the contrast medium until very late phase may be important findings for diagnosing splenic hemangiomatosis. PMID:24811762

Makino, Isamu; Tajima, Hidehiro; Kitagawa, Hirohisa; Nakagawara, Hisatoshi; Ohta, Tetsuo

2014-12-01

300

Complementary use of computerized tomography and technetium scanning in the diagnosis of accessory spleen  

SciTech Connect

A patient with a previous splenectomy presented with acute gastrointestinal bleeding. He was found to have a benign gastric ulcer, esophagogastric varices, and a mass indenting the gastric fundus. Abdominal computerized tomography and technetium liver-spleen scanning established the diagnosis of an accessory spleen as cause for the mass effect. This diagnostic approach obviated the need for arteriography and exploratory laparotomy.

Joshi, S.N.; Wolverson, M.K.; Cusworth, R.B.; Nair, S.G.; Perrillo, R.P.

1980-11-01

301

Dermal fibroblasts contribute to multiple tissues in the accessory limb model.  

PubMed

The accessory limb model has become an alternative model for performing investigations of limb regeneration in an amputated limb. In the accessory limb model, a complete patterned limb can be induced as a result of an interaction between the wound epithelium, a nerve and dermal fibroblasts in the skin. Studies should therefore focus on examining these tissues. To date, however, a study of cellular contributions in the accessory limb model has not been reported. By using green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic axolotl tissues, we can trace cell fate at the tissue level. Therefore, in the present study, we transgrafted GFP skin onto the limb of a non-GFP host and induced an accessory limb to investigate cellular contributions. Previous studies of cell contribution to amputation-induced blastemas have demonstrated that dermal cells are the progenitors of many of the early blastema cells, and that these cells contribute to regeneration of the connective tissues, including cartilage. In the present study, we have determined that this same population of progenitor cells responds to signaling from the nerve and wound epithelium in the absence of limb amputation to form an ectopic blastema and regenerate the connective tissues of an ectopic limb. Blastema cells from dermal fibroblasts, however, did not differentiate into either muscle or neural cells, and we conclude that dermal fibroblasts are dedifferentiated along its developmental lineage. PMID:20148925

Hirata, Ayako; Gardiner, David M; Satoh, Akira

2010-05-01

302

[Migration of eight harmful elements from metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake].  

PubMed

The International Standard ISO 8124-3:2010 "Safety of toys--Part 3: Migration of certain elements" controls the levels of migrated eight harmful elements (antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, mercury and selenium) from infants toys. Moreover, the Japanese Food Sanitation Law controls the levels of migrated lead from metal accessory toys. However, the levels of migrated harmful elements from metal accessories that are not infants toys are not controlled, since they are not covered by the ISO Standard or the Food Sanitation Law. Therefore, we investigated the level of eight harmful elements migrated from metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake. The extraction test of ISO 8124-3:2010 was executed in 117 products (total 184 specimens), and the concentration of these eight elements was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP-MS). As a result, 28 and one products released lead and cadmium beyond the maximum acceptable levels of the ISO standard, respectively. Metal accessories that infants may swallow by mistake should ideally not release harmful elements such as lead and cadmium. PMID:22864356

Isama, Kazuo; Kawakami, Tsuyoshi; Nishimura, Tetsuji

2012-01-01

303

DETERMINING SEX IN POSTHATCHLING LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLES USING MULTIPLE GONADAL AND ACCESSORY  

E-print Network

DETERMINING SEX IN POSTHATCHLING LOGGERHEAD SEA TURTLES USING MULTIPLE GONADAL AND ACCESSORY DUCT of the Environment and Earth Sciences, 135 Duke Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, NC 28516, USA ABSTRACT: The sex of young and heteromorphic sex chromosomes, yet internal dimorphic morphology is defined at hatching. We tested

Wyneken, Wyneken Jeanette

304

Cite this: Lab Chip, 2013, 13, 3232 Smartphone based health accessory for colorimetric  

E-print Network

.rsc.org/loc Vlad Oncescu,{a Dakota O'Dell{b and David Erickson*a The mobile health market is rapidly expanding of consumer mobile health accessories that integrate with smartphones such as Nike FuelBand, Fitbit One in mobile health technologies, however, the vast majority of devices on the market focus exclusively

Erickson, David

305

41 CFR 101-39.304 - Modification or installation of accessory equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...consideration. Accessory equipment or other after-market items which project an inappropriate appearance, such as radar detectors, will not be used on GSA IFMS vehicles. Decorative items (i.e., bumper stickers and decals) will not be used on IFMS vehicles...

2013-07-01

306

41 CFR 101-39.304 - Modification or installation of accessory equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...consideration. Accessory equipment or other after-market items which project an inappropriate appearance, such as radar detectors, will not be used on GSA IFMS vehicles. Decorative items (i.e., bumper stickers and decals) will not be used on IFMS vehicles...

2012-07-01

307

41 CFR 101-39.304 - Modification or installation of accessory equipment.  

...consideration. Accessory equipment or other after-market items which project an inappropriate appearance, such as radar detectors, will not be used on GSA IFMS vehicles. Decorative items (i.e., bumper stickers and decals) will not be used on IFMS vehicles...

2014-07-01

308

41 CFR 101-39.304 - Modification or installation of accessory equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...consideration. Accessory equipment or other after-market items which project an inappropriate appearance, such as radar detectors, will not be used on GSA IFMS vehicles. Decorative items (i.e., bumper stickers and decals) will not be used on IFMS vehicles...

2010-07-01

309

41 CFR 101-39.304 - Modification or installation of accessory equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...consideration. Accessory equipment or other after-market items which project an inappropriate appearance, such as radar detectors, will not be used on GSA IFMS vehicles. Decorative items (i.e., bumper stickers and decals) will not be used on IFMS vehicles...

2011-07-01

310

Assessment of exposure to manganese in welding operations during the assembly of heavy excavation machinery accessories.  

PubMed

Welder exposure to metals in various industrial sectors is poorly characterized. We had the opportunity to carry out an exploratory study to characterize manganese exposure in welding operations in a recently established Quebec factory that assembled accessories for heavy excavation machinery. Ten workers were sampled for total manganese for at least two consecutive days out of three followed by two consecutive days for respirable manganese (with a size selective sampler with a median cut-off of 4 microns), during a typical week in the summer of 1998. Parts being welded were characterized as large or small. Small parts were those being welded on tables during subassembly. Workers were divided into two groups according to the parts they were welding. Seventy-eight percent of the total manganese exposure levels of welding operations during the assembly of large accessories of heavy excavation machinery exceeded the manganese American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) threshold limit value (TLV) of 0.20 mg/m3 (GM 0.24 mg/m3, n = 14) while none exceeded the TLV during the assembly of small pieces (GM 0.06 mg/m3, n = 8). Welding operations during the assembly of large heavy excavation machinery accessories may pose a significant health hazard. Considering the importance of task-related variables affecting exposure among workers, further studies are needed to better characterize exposure determinants of welding operations during the assembly of heavy excavation machinery accessories. PMID:11036725

Smargiassi, A; Baldwin, M; Savard, S; Kennedy, G; Mergler, D; Zayed, J

2000-10-01

311

Type II Endoleaks Involving an Accessory Renal Artery and the Inferior Mesenteric Artery  

SciTech Connect

Two patients are described with type II endoleaks involving an accessory renal artery and the inferior mesenteric artery. One patient was successfully embolized via the translumbar route. The other continues to be observed; the endoleak is expected to close spontaneously because both the inflow and outflow are significantly compromised.

Martin, E. C., E-mail: emartin@chpnet.org [St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Todd, George J. [St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Surgery (United States)

2011-02-15

312

One-Stop Outpatient Management of Accessory Auricle in Children with Titanium Clip  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Literature on ideal management of accessory auricles is limited. Traditionally, accessory auricles are managed by paediatricians with suture ligation at the base of the accessory auricle to induce ischaemic necrosis (Mehmi et al, 2007). This method can be associated with complications and poor cosmesis thus leading to the vogue of surgical excision ( Frieden et al, 1995; Sebben, 1989). We present our experience in managing these lesions in children with the application of a titanium clip in a one-stop outpatient setting. Methods. Data was collected retrospectively through review of patient records and telephone questionnaire identifying outcomes from the parents' perspective. Results. Of 42 patients, 24 (57.1%) responded. Eleven (26.2%) underwent surgical excision, 6 (14.3%) had no intervention, and 1 (2.4%) was not contactable. All parents were happy with the outcome and would recommend this management to other parents. Twenty-three (96%) had no complications apart from a tiny residual nubbin, which was considered cosmetically acceptable. One child had a residual nubbin that grew in size requiring surgical excision at later stage. Conclusion. Management of accessory auricles by the application of a titanium clip in one-stop outpatient setting is safe, simple, quick, and well tolerated with no need for admission, anaesthesia, or followup due to the low complication rate. PMID:24800069

Laing, Tereze; Milroy, Catherine

2014-01-01

313

Mineral spirits poisoning  

MedlinePLUS

... the harmful effects from swallowing or breathing in mineral spirits. This is for information only and not ... The poisonous ingredients in mineral spirits are hydrocarbons, which ... only hydrogen and carbon. Examples are benzene and methane.

314

Ohio Mineral Resources Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provides information about Mineral Resources in Ohio and management. Mine safety, oil and gas, coal mining, industrial minerals, and abandoned mined lands are related subheadings for the site. Good for finding history, factual reports, programs, regulations and policies.

2008-10-06

315

Bartering for Minerals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an activity in which students are assigned occupations that rely on specific minerals. To obtain the needed minerals, students learn how to trade services and commodities. Includes details on preparation, modeling behaviors, and printed materials. (DDR)

May, Kathie

2002-01-01

316

Vitamins and Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

... or mineral supplements. If your diet includes a wide variety of foods, including whole-grain products, fresh ... and minerals you need is to eat a wide variety of healthy foods and skip the vitamin ...

317

Minerals in Sports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of articles describes the uses of mineral products in sports and sporting equipment. The site also explores minerals use in safety applications in the workplace. A series of reading material sheets are included in PDF format.

2011-07-06

318

Seaweed minerals as nutraceuticals.  

PubMed

Seaweed is known as an abundant source of minerals. Mineral composition of seaweed is very changeable because of many exogenous and endogenous factors and differs also within the same species. Principally, seaweed is an excellent source of some essential elements. Mainly, iron and iodine are in high concentration. Seaweeds could be prospective as functional foods and also producers of mineral nutraceuticals. PMID:22054962

Mišurcová, Ladislava; Mach?, Ludmila; Orsavová, Jana

2011-01-01

319

American Strategic Minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

American Strategic Minerals brings together seven contributors in the fields of marine studies, mining engineering, earth sciences, and economics to discuss and analyze strategic minerals. The future demands of the United States upon limited sources of supply are examined and there is an analysis of alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed, including copper, nickel, manganese, and cobalt. The

Mangone

1984-01-01

320

INTRODUCTION TO MINERALS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DESK Standard: Understand the basic properties of minerals. . DATES: You can begin this activity on December 11. You should complete it by December 15. OBJECTIVE: You will visit Web sites to learn more about minerals. You will record 10 interesting facts about minerals on a blank sheet of paper. After visiting the last Web ...

Hughes, Mr.

2005-10-23

321

Helicobacter pylori hydrogenase accessory protein HypA and urease accessory protein UreG compete with each other for UreE recognition  

PubMed Central

Background The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori relies on nickel-containing urease and hydrogenase enzymes in order to colonize the host. Incorporation of Ni2+ into urease is essential for the function of the enzyme and requires the action of several accessory proteins, including the hydrogenase accessory proteins HypA and HypB and the urease accessory proteins UreE, UreF, UreG and UreH. Methods Optical biosensing methods (biolayer interferometry and plasmon surface resonance) were used to screen for interactions between HypA, HypB, UreE and UreG. Results Using both methods, affinity constants were found to be 5 nM and 13 nM for HypA–UreE and 8 µM and 14 µM for UreG-UreE. Neither Zn2+ nor Ni2+ had an effect on the kinetics or stability of the HypA–UreE complex. By contrast, addition of Zn2+, but not Ni2+, altered the kinetics and greatly increased the stability of the UreE–UreG complex, likely due in part to Zn2+-mediated oligomerization of UreE. Finally our results unambiguously show that HypA, UreE and UreG cannot form a heterotrimeric protein complex in vitro; instead, HypA and UreG compete with each other for UreE recognition. General significance Factors influencing the pathogen's nickel budget are important to understand pathogenesis and for future drug design. PMID:22698670

Benoit, Stéphane L.; McMurry, Jonathan L.; Hill, Stephanie A.; Maier, Robert J.

2014-01-01

322

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit provides younger students with an introduction to rocks and minerals. Topics include the definition of a mineral, the physical properties of minerals and how they are measured, and a discussion of quartz, the most basic silicate mineral and one of the most abundant minerals in the Earth's crust. The discussion on rocks includes the rock cycle, the three rock types (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic), and how they are formed. There is also a vocabulary list and downloadable, printable worksheets for each major topic.

Medina, Philip

2010-09-08

323

Epidermoid cyst of an intrapancreatic accessory spleen: a case report and literature review  

PubMed Central

Background An epidermoid cyst in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen is a rare lesion. Despite advances in radiologic techniques, in most cases it has been diagnosed preoperatively as a possible pancreatic neoplasm. Case presentation Herein, we present a 63-year-old Caucasian woman, diagnosed preoperatively with enhanced-contrast abdominal computed tomography, as having a potential cystic tumor in the tail of the pancreas. The patient underwent a distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy, and the histological examination revealed the presence of an epidermoid cyst of an accessory intrapancreatic spleen. Conclusions Familiarity with the imaging features, the clinical presentation and the location of the cyst are important to consider if this rare entity is to be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic neoplasms of the pancreas. PMID:24721745

2014-01-01

324

Functional organization of glomerular maps in the mouse accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

The mammalian accessory olfactory system extracts information about species, sex and individual identity from social odors, but its functional organization remains unclear. We imaged presynaptic Ca(2+) signals in vomeronasal inputs to the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) during peripheral stimulation using light sheet microscopy. Urine- and steroid-responsive glomeruli densely innervated the anterior AOB. Glomerular activity maps for sexually mature female mouse urine overlapped maps for juvenile and/or gonadectomized urine of both sexes, whereas maps for sexually mature male urine were highly distinct. Further spatial analysis revealed a complicated organization involving selective juxtaposition and dispersal of functionally grouped glomerular classes. Glomeruli that were similarly tuned to urines were often closely associated, whereas more disparately tuned glomeruli were selectively dispersed. Maps to a panel of sulfated steroid odorants identified tightly juxtaposed groups that were disparately tuned and dispersed groups that were similarly tuned. These results reveal a modular, nonchemotopic spatial organization in the AOB. PMID:24880215

Hammen, Gary F; Turaga, Diwakar; Holy, Timothy E; Meeks, Julian P

2014-07-01

325

A New Integrated Onboard Charger and Accessory Power Converter for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a new approach is presented for integrating the function of onboard battery charging into the traction drive system and accessory dc-dc converter of a plug-in electric vehicle (PEV). The idea is to utilize the segmented traction drive system of a PEV as the frond converter of the charging circuit and the transformer and high voltage converter of the 14 V accessory dc-dc converter to form a galvanically isolated onboard charger. Moreover, a control method is presented for suppressing the battery current ripple component of twice the grid frequency with the reduced dc bus capacitor in the segmented inverter. The resultant integrated charger has lower cost, weight, and volume than a standalone charger due to a substantially reduced component count. The proposed integrated charger topology was verified by modeling and experimental results on a 5.8 kW charger prototype.

Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL; Tang, Lixin [ORNL

2014-01-01

326

Interaction of Proteus mirabilis Urease Apoenzyme and Accessory Proteins Identified with Yeast Two-Hybrid Technology  

PubMed Central

Proteus mirabilis, a gram-negative bacterium associated with complicated urinary tract infections, produces a metalloenzyme urease which hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and carbon dioxide. The apourease is comprised of three structural subunits, UreA, UreB, and UreC, assembled as a homotrimer of individual UreABC heterotrimers (UreABC)3. To become catalytically active, apourease acquires divalent nickel ions through a poorly understood process involving four accessory proteins, UreD, UreE, UreF, and UreG. While homologues of UreD, UreF, and UreG have been copurified with apourease, it remains unclear specifically how these polypeptides associate with the apourease or each other. To identify interactions among P. mirabilis accessory proteins, in vitro immunoprecipitation and in vivo yeast two-hybrid assays were employed. A complex containing accessory protein UreD and structural protein UreC was isolated by immunoprecipitation and characterized with immunoblots. This association occurs independently of coaccessory proteins UreE, UreF, and UreG and structural protein UreA. In a yeast two-hybrid screen, UreD was found to directly interact in vivo with coaccessory protein UreF. Unique homomultimeric interactions of UreD and UreF were also detected in vivo. To substantiate the study of urease proteins with a yeast two-hybrid assay, previously described UreE dimers and homomultimeric UreA interactions among apourease trimers were confirmed in vivo. Similarly, a known structural interaction involving UreA and UreC was also verified. This report suggests that in vivo, P. mirabilis UreD may be important for recruitment of UreF to the apourease and that crucial homomultimeric associations occur among these accessory proteins. PMID:11157956

Heimer, Susan R.; Mobley, Harry L. T.

2001-01-01

327

Cross-Talk with Myeloid Accessory Cells Regulates Human Natural Killer Cell Interferon-? Responses to Malaria  

PubMed Central

Data from a variety of experimental models suggest that natural killer (NK) cells require signals from accessory cells in order to respond optimally to pathogens, but the precise identity of the cells able to provide such signals depends upon the nature of the infectious organism. Here we show that the ability of human NK cells to produce interferon-? in response to stimulation by Plasmodium falciparum–infected red blood cells (iRBCs) is strictly dependent upon multiple, contact-dependent and cytokine-mediated signals derived from both monocytes and myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs). Contrary to some previous reports, we find that both monocytes and mDCs express an activated phenotype following short-term incubation with iRBCs and secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines. The magnitude of the NK cell response (and of the KIR? CD56bright NK cell population in particular) is tightly correlated with resting levels of accessory cell maturation, indicating that heterogeneity of the NK response to malaria is a reflection of deep-rooted heterogeneity in the human innate immune system. Moreover, we show that NK cells are required to maintain the maturation status of resting mDCs and monocytes, providing additional evidence for reciprocal regulation of NK cells and accessory cells. However, NK cell–derived signals are not required for activation of accessory cells by either iRBCs or bacterial lipolysaccharide. Together, these data suggest that there may be differences in the sequence of events required for activation of NK cells by non-viral pathogens compared to the classical model of NK activation by virus-infected or major histocompatibility complex–deficient cells. These findings have far-reaching implications for the study of immunity to infection in human populations. PMID:17154717

Hafalla, Julius C; Riley, Eleanor M

2006-01-01

328

Receptor accessory folding helper enzymes: the functional role of peptidyl prolyl cis\\/ trans isomerases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Receptor accessory peptidyl prolyl cis\\/trans isomerases (PPIases) of the FKBP and cyclophilin types form receptor heterocomplexes with different stabilities. PPIases have been found to associate with other receptor heterocomplex constituents via either proline-directed active sites or additional domains of the enzymes. The single-domain PPIases FKBP12 and FKBP12.6 are shown to interact with receptor protein kinases and calcium channels at their

Cordelia Schiene-Fischer; Chao Yu

2001-01-01

329

Dressed to merge — small fits fine: M&A success in the fashion and accessories industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we examine the value implications of 192 M&A transactions in the fashion and leather accessories industry during the period from 1994 to 2009. Contrary to general cross-country evidence we find highly significant, positive abnormal returns to acquiring shareholders. Cross-sectional analysis further reveals that the key value drivers are diversifying fashion M&A transactions for smaller, profitable companies that

Steffen Meinshausen; Dirk Schiereck

2011-01-01

330

The medial terminal nucleus of the monkey: evidence for a 'complete' accessory optic system.  

PubMed

The retinal projection to the medial terminal nucleus of the accessory optic system of the monkey was examined in several primate species which had received intraocular injections of [3H]proline or [3H]fucose. These data show that the medial terminal nuclei of the slow loris, marmoset monkey, and squirrel monkey all receive a sparse input from the contralateral retina. PMID:3947982

Weber, J T; Giolli, R A

1986-02-12

331

Accessory phases in Karelian Province sanukitoids (Finland): Towards understanding temporal changes in subduction style?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Archean-Proterozoic transition is marked by the appearance of sanukitoids, which have been found on every continent, whose occurrence is believed to be a consequence of the initiation of the so called "Modern Plate Tectonics". Whole rock geochemistry and experimental petrology have suggested that they result from the interaction between a mantle wedge and a metasomatism agent (either oceanic crust melt or sediments). Sanukitoids from the Karelian Province (Finland) have been dated at ~ 2.7 Ga (U-Pb on zircon; Heilimo et al., 2011), and whole rock geochemical data, oxygen and hafnium isotopes in zircons have been interpreted as the result of the interaction between a depleted mantle wedge and a recycled crustal component during a slab-breakoff event at the end stage of the subduction (Heilimo et al., 2010, Heilimo et al., 2012). Geochemistry of accessory phases can give additional information about the petrogenesis and the sources of their host rocks (e.g. Hoskin et al., 2000; Chu et al., 2002). In this contribution, we present new geochemical data on the accessory phases (titanite, apatite, zircon) of the Karelian Province sanukitoids. We demonstrate that trace elements analysis and a detailed petrographic work on these phases give us a direct access to their petrogenesis. These data are compared to new data obtained on "modern" sanukitoids (High Ba-Sr suite, Scotland) and on a BADR suite (Guernsey, Channel Islands) in order to highlight potential geochemical signatures of each. This study will be followed by a systematic analysis of accessory phases in TTG, in order to have a whole record of accessory phases chemistry in plutonic rocks through the crustal evolution.

Bruand, Emilie; Fowler, Mike; Storey, Craig; Heilimo, Esa

2013-04-01

332

Effect of an indigenous drug (Speman) on accessory reproductive functions of mice.  

PubMed

The effects of an indigenous drug preparation, Speman (Himalaya Drug Company), on the accessory reproductive organs were studied in castrated adult mice and immature intact mice. Oral administration of Speman to castrated adults markedly increased the weights of the seminal vesicles and ventral prostate, as well as the level of fructose and maltase activity. These increases were dose-dependent and highly significant (p less than .001). The results indicate that Speman possesses both androgenic and anaboliclike activities. PMID:992734

Jayatilak, P G; Pardanani, D S; Dattatreya, B; Sheth, A R

1976-03-01

333

Three-dimensional imaging identified the accessory bile duct in a patient with cholangiocarcinoma  

PubMed Central

The development of diagnostic imaging technology, such as multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), has made it possible to obtain detailed images of the bile duct. Recent reports have indicated that a 3-dimensional (3D) reconstructed imaging system would be useful for understanding the liver anatomy before surgery. We have investigated a novel method that fuses MDCT and MRCP images. This novel system easily made it possible to detect the anatomical relationship between the vessels and bile duct in the portal hepatis. In this report, we describe a very rare case of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma associated with an accessory bile duct from the caudate lobe connecting with the intrapancreatic bile duct. We were unable to preoperatively detect this accessory bile duct using MDCT and MRCP. However, prior to the second operation, we were able to clearly visualise the injured accessory bile duct using our novel 3D imaging modality. In this report, we suggest that this imaging technique can be considered a novel and useful modality for understanding the anatomy of the portal hepatis, including the hilar bile duct. PMID:25170235

Miyamoto, Ryoichi; Oshiro, Yukio; Hashimoto, Shinji; Kohno, Keisuke; Fukunaga, Kiyoshi; Oda, Tatsuya; Ohkohchi, Nobuhiro

2014-01-01

334

Histologic confirmation of neuronal cell bodies along the spinal accessory nerve.  

PubMed

Abstract Introduction. Most sources conclude that the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) is a purely motor nerve. There are some reports that suggest a sensory component, although the exact nature of such sensory fibers has yet to be elucidated. With such discrepancies in the literature and with well-established pain syndromes of unknown etiology following SAN injury, the authors performed the present study to better clarify this anatomy. Materials and methods. The entire accessory nerve was harvested from 10 adult cadavers. Samples were then submitted for immunohistochemical analyses. Results. Occasional microganglia cells were identified along the SAN in all specimens. These ganglia were most numerous along the intracranial segment of the SAN, but none was found along the cranial rootlets of the accessory nerve. Conclusions. Neuronal cell bodies were identified along the course of the SAN in human cadavers. Although the function is not certain, such cells have been found in other animals to be nocioceptive in nature. Pending further study, these cells may be found to be involved in enigmatic pain syndromes thought to arise in the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles. PMID:24902994

Tubbs, R Shane; Sorenson, Edward P; Watanabe, Koichi; Loukas, Marios; Hattab, Eyas; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

2014-12-01

335

Facial nerve parasympathetic preganglionic afferents to the accessory otic ganglia by way of the chorda tympani nerve in the cat  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of accessory otic ganglia and connections between the ganglia and the chorda tympani nerve were investigated\\u000a in the cat in order to determine the parasympathetic preganglionic facial nerve afferents to the otic ganglia using whole\\u000a mount acetylthiocholinesterase (WATChE) histochemistry. The otic ganglia consist of a sigle main prominent ganglion and many\\u000a small accessory ganglia lying on a plexus

Satoshi Kuchiiwa; T. Kuchiiwa; Satoru Nonaka; Shiro Nakagawa

1998-01-01

336

American Strategic Minerals  

SciTech Connect

American Strategic Minerals brings together seven contributors in the fields of marine studies, mining engineering, earth sciences, and economics to discuss and analyze strategic minerals. The future demands of the United States upon limited sources of supply are examined and there is an analysis of alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed, including copper, nickel, manganese, and cobalt. The book contains an examination of the investments that the United States has made in developing countries that could affect both the national security and national economy of America in the years ahead. After a review of minerals policy in the United States, the conflicting interests that influence the President and Congress in making decisions about strategic minerals, and other dimensions of strategic minerals, are exposed to clarify both the facts and myths about supply and demand, security and danger, and high and low prices.

Mangone, G.

1984-01-01

337

Weathering of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students determine the % change in mass of mineral samples that have been placed in a rock tumbler. They graph the relationship between the hardness of the mineral and the % change in mass. They then consider why some of the mineral samples do not conform the the relationship they graphed. They investigate the physical properties of the outliers and consider how the physical properties contributed to the rate of weathering, and what kind of weathering occured in the rock tumbler.

Van Norden, Wendy

338

Mineral winning installations  

SciTech Connect

A mineral winning installation employs a plurality of plough bodies spaced apart along the mineral face and interconnected to form a common plough train which is moved in unison back and forth along the face. The plough bodies have high-pressure fluid emission nozzles and a high-pressure pipe line extending between the bodies supplies high pressure fluid to the nozzles, which discharge the fluid for impact with the mineral face.

Lobbe, A.

1980-04-15

339

Minerals Under the Microscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the basics of optical mineralogy. Topics include the polarized light microscope, mineral shape and cleavage, relief, color and pleochroism, interference colors, extinction angles, twinning, opacity, vibration directions and mineral identification. The site features short, clear descriptions accompanied by photographs and drawings. This website would be useful as a concise introduction to the use of a petrographic microscope in identifying minerals.

Browning, Paul; Gladstone, Charlotte

2011-03-02

340

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Minerals are all around us. They're in our kitchens and bathrooms, our classrooms and school buildings, and our cars and bicycles. This interactive feature lets users discover which minerals are found in items they probably encounter every day. Rolling the cursor over items in an illustrated room accesses pop-ups that describe what mineral products may be found in them. A background essay and list of discussion questions are also provided.

2008-01-01

341

Mineral Classification Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise is designed to help students think about the properties of minerals that are most useful for mineral classification and identification. Students are given a set of minerals and asked to come up with a hierarchical classification scheme (a "key") that can be used to identify different mineral species. They compare their results with the products of other groups. They test the various schemes by applying them to unknown samples. While doing this exercise, the students develop observational and interpretational skill. They also begin to think about the nature of classification systems.

Perkins, Dexter

342

Reagan issues mineral policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Materials and Minerals Program plan and report that President Reagan sent to Congress on April 5 aims to ‘decrease America's minerals vulnerability’ while reducing future dependence on potentially unstable foreign sources of minerals. These goals would be accomplished by taking inventory of federal lands to determine mineral potential; by meeting the stockpile goals set by the Strategic and Critical Material Stockpiling Act; and by establishing a business and political climate that would encourage private-sector research and development on minerals.Now that the Administration has issued its plan, the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will consider the National Minerals Security Act (NMSA), which was introduced 1 year ago by subcommittee chairman Jim Santini (D-Nev.) [Eos, May 19, 1981, p. 497]. The bill calls for establishing a three-member White-House-level council to coordinate the development of a national minerals policy; amending tax laws to assist the mining industry to make capital investments to locate and produce strategic materials; and creating a revolving fund for the sale and purchase of strategic minerals. In addition, the NMSA bill would allow the secretary of the interior to make previously withdrawn public lands available for mineral development. The subcommittee will hold a hearing on the Administration's plan on May 11. Interior Secretary James Watt has been invited to testify.

343

MINERAL COMMODITY SUMMARIES 2002  

E-print Network

Thallium Thorium Tin Titanium Tungsten Vanadium Vermiculite Yttrium Zinc Zirconium #12;U.S. DEPARTMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Appendix C--A Resource/Reserve Classification for Minerals

Torgersen, Christian

344

Canadian Minerals Yearbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of Natural Resources Canada Minerals and Metals Sector, the Canadian Minerals Yearbook Web site provides mineral industry information from 1994 to 2001. Downloadable files from each year include a Year in Review, Reserves of Selected Major Metals, Recent Production Decisions, and a Mineral and Metal Commodity Review. An example of the information provided comes from the 2001 Review: "In 2000, Canadian reserves of copper, nickel, lead, zinc, molybdenum, silver and gold decreased because there were no decisions to bring new mines into production and the amount of new ore discovered at existing mining operations was insufficient to replace the quantity of ore that was mined during the year."

2001-01-01

345

Mineral Industry Surveys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Surveys Mineral Industry Survey's Web site provides "periodic on-line statistical and economic publications designed to provide timely statistical data on production, distribution, stocks, and consumption of significant mineral commodities." Visitors to the site will find an alphabetical listing of minerals that includes everything from Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, and Asbestos, to Zeolite, Zinc, and Zirconium. Once clicked, a brief description of the mineral is provided along with links to yearly information publications as well as special publications such as its historical statistics, other agency links, contact information, and more.

346

USGS: Mineral Resources Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Mineral Resources Program funds science to provide and communicate current, impartial information on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources." This website divides the mineral resource information, project descriptions, and products for the United States into four main regional categories: Eastern, Central, Western, and Alaska. Researchers can discover new grant opportunities and can obtain access to the National Geochemical Survey's database. Students and educators can find statistics and information on how the United State's supply-and-demand for minerals and materials affects the economy, security, and environment.

347

Minerals by Chemical Composition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive periodic table displays a listing of minerals by element, sorted by percent of the element. Clicking on a symbol on the table leads users to information on the element (atomic mass and number, name origin, year of discovery, and a brief description), and to a table listing each mineral known to contain the element in decreasing order by percentage. Each mineral name in the table is linked to additional information on the mineral, such as formula and composition, images, crystallography, physical properties, and many others.

348

Minerals, Crystals and Gems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module introduces students to minerals, crystals, and gems by using pictures and discussions of some of the extraordinary specimens residing in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. It includes three lessons in which they draw pictures of specimens, grow their own crystals of magnesium sulfate, and perform a scavenger hunt in which they look for minerals in commonly used objects and products.

349

Reducing Miner Absenteeism.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Bureau of Mines has prepared the report on strategies for maintaining high job attendance among underground coal miners because high absenteeism is a threat to miners' safety and seriously hampers productivity. A substantial number of research st...

R. H. Peters, M. R. Clingan, R. F. Randolph

1988-01-01

350

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position

Lyday

1990-01-01

351

What is a Mineral?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, from the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), gives a description of minerals and the growth of crystals. The site offers various links with examples of different compositions and classifications of common minerals. The site provides three different levels of explanation--beginner, intermediate, and advanced.

2008-08-04

352

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This color poster shows how we use minerals in our everyday life. It depicts common household items (furniture, appliances, plumbing fixtures, personal products, etc.) which are keyed by number to short descriptions that provide information on the minerals used in the manufacture of these items.

353

The Miner's Canary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miners used canaries as early warning signals: when a canary gasped for breath, the miners knew there was a problem with the atmosphere in the mine. The experience of people of color in higher education can be used similarly as a diagnostic tool.

Guinier, Lani

2005-01-01

354

Vitamins, Minerals, and Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors explore the breadth and depth of published research linking dietary vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) to mood. Since the 1920s, there have been many studies on individual vitamins (especially B vitamins and Vitamins C, D, and E), minerals (calcium, chromium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium), and vitamin-like…

Kaplan, Bonnie J.; Crawford, Susan G.; Field, Catherine J.; Simpson, J. Steven A.

2007-01-01

355

Vitamin and mineral requirements  

E-print Network

Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition Second edition Please go to the Table/WHO Expert Consultation on Human Vitamin and Mineral Requirements (1998 : Bangkok, Thailand). Vitamin, 21­30 September 1998. 1.Vitamins -- standards 2.Micronutrients -- standards 3.Trace elements

Laughlin, Robert B.

356

VITAMINS AND MINERALS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DESK Standard: Specify key vitamins and minerals and their functions. . DATES: You can begin this activity on May 21. You should complete it by May 25. OBJECTIVE: A healthy body needs vitamins and minerals. You\\'ve probably heard these words before, but do you really know what they mean? This activity will help you better understand the ...

Hughes, Mr.

2006-03-05

357

Atoms and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains 23 questions on the topic of atoms and minerals, which covers mineral types and characteristics. This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answers and are provided immediate verification.

Heaton, Timothy

358

PSC 424: Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a webpage designed to give students access to basic information about rocks and minerals. Rocks and Minerals Introduction Video Basic Definitions- Mineral: a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence Rock: a mixture of minerals Ways to identify a mineral: Hardness Luster (metallic/nonmetallic) Streak Color Rock Song Three basic rock types: Igneous Metamorphic Sedimentary Rock Cycle Animation ...

Graham, Ms.

2011-10-13

359

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Mineral Yearbook discusses the performance of the worlwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume 1, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapters on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

360

Vitamins and Minerals during Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... It's been added to your dashboard . Vitamins and minerals during pregnancy Vitamins and minerals help give your body the nutrients it needs ... for some people to get enough vitamins and minerals in their foods. They may need to take ...

361

Accessory Gland as a Site for Prothoracicotropic Hormone Controlled Ecdysone Synthesis in Adult Male Insects  

PubMed Central

Insect steroid hormones (ecdysteroids) are important for female reproduction in many insect species and are required for the initiation and coordination of vital developmental processes. Ecdysteroids are also important for adult male physiology and behavior, but their exact function and site of synthesis remains unclear, although previous studies suggest that the reproductive system may be their source. We have examined expression profiles of the ecdysteroidogenic Halloween genes, during development and in adults of the flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Genes required for the biosynthesis of ecdysone (E), the precursor of the molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), are expressed in the tubular accessory glands (TAGs) of adult males. In contrast, expression of the gene encoding the enzyme mediating 20E synthesis was detected in the ovaries of females. Further, Spookiest (Spot), an enzyme presumably required for endowing tissues with competence to produce ecdysteroids, is male specific and predominantly expressed in the TAGs. We also show that prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), a regulator of E synthesis during larval development, regulates ecdysteroid levels in the adult stage in Drosophila melanogaster and the gene for its receptor Torso seems to be expressed specifically in the accessory glands of males. The composite results suggest strongly that the accessory glands of adult male insects are the main source of E, but not 20E. The finding of a possible male-specific source of E raises the possibility that E and 20E have sex-specific roles analogous to the vertebrate sex steroids, where males produce primarily testosterone, the precursor of estradiol. Furthermore this study provides the first evidence that PTTH regulates ecdysteroid synthesis in the adult stage and could explain the original finding that some adult insects are a rich source of PTTH. PMID:23383307

Hentze, Julie L.; Moeller, Morten E.; J?rgensen, Anne F.; Bengtsson, Meghan S.; Bordoy, Anna M.; Warren, James T.; Gilbert, Lawrence I.; Andersen, Ole; Rewitz, Kim F.

2013-01-01

362

Synthesis and regulation of accessory/proinflammatory cytokines by intestinal epithelial cells.  

PubMed Central

Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) have been shown to act as antigen-presenting cells (APC) in vitro and may have this capacity in vivo. In order to determine whether IEC, like other APC, are able to produce accessory cytokines which may play a role in T cell activation, we assessed the accessory cytokine profile of IEC constitutively or after stimulation. We measured expression, production and regulation of accessory cytokines (IL-1 beta, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) by the presence of mRNA as well as secreted protein. Freshly isolated IEC from surgical specimens were cultured in the presence or absence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), IL-1 beta or TNF-alpha. mRNA was assessed by a specific RNAse protection assay which controlled for contaminating cell populations while protein secretion was measured by ELISA (IL-1) or bioassay (TNF and IL-6). Neither IL-1 beta nor TNF-alpha were detectable in cultured IEC supernatants, supporting the lack of macrophage contamination. All IEC spontaneously secreted IL-6 at levels comparable to those of macrophages. IEC IL-6 mRNA also increased approximately 200-fold during the first 24 h of culture. LPS, IFN-gamma or TNF-alpha had no effect on spontaneous IL-6 production, and neither resulted in the secretion of IL-1 beta or TNF-alpha. However, IL-1 beta up-regulated IL-6 synthesis by 6-7-fold. IEC express a profile of cytokine mRNAs distinct from conventional APC (low level constitutive IL-6 expression but no detectable IL-1 beta, TGF-beta or TNF-alpha), adding to their uniqueness as APC. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 PMID:7743669

Panja, A; Siden, E; Mayer, L

1995-01-01

363

Elastic properties of minerals  

SciTech Connect

Investigations of the elastic properties of the main rock-forming minerals were begun by T.V. Ryzhova and K.S. Aleksandrov over 30 years ago on the initiative of B.P. Belikov. At the time, information on the elasticity of single crystals in general, and especially of minerals, was very scanty. In the surveys of that time there was information on the elasticity of 20 or 30 minerals. These, as a rule, did not include the main rock-forming minerals; silicates were represented only by garnets, quartz, topaz, tourmaline, zircon, beryl, and staurolite, which are often found in nature in the form of large and fairly high-quality crystals. Then and even much later it was still necessary to prove a supposition which now seems obvious: The elastic properties of rocks, and hence the velocities of elastic (seismic) waves in the earth`s crust, are primarily determined by the elastic characteristics of the minerals composing these rocks. Proof of this assertion, with rare exceptions of mono-mineralic rocks (marble, quartzite, etc.) cannot be obtained without information on the elasticities of a sufficiently large number of minerals, primarily framework, layer, and chain silicates which constitute the basis of most rocks. This also served as the starting point and main problem of the undertakings of Aleksandrov, Ryzhova, and Belikov - systematic investigations of the elastic properties of minerals and then of various rocks. 108 refs., 7 tabs.

Aleksandrov, K.S.; Prodaivoda, G.T.

1993-09-01

364

Technetium-99m-HIDA visualization of an obstructed gallbladder via an accessory hepatic duct  

SciTech Connect

Technetium-99m-labeled iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) and paraisopropyliminodiacetic acid (PIPIDA) scintigraphy after sonographic evaluation of the gallbladder have been advocated recently for the diagnosis of acute obstructive cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Several authors have stated or inferred that gallbladder visualization with /sup 99m/Tc-HIDA excludes acute cholecystitis and cystic duct obstruction. We describe a patient with surgically proven cystic duct obstruction whose gallbladder visualized on a /sup 99m/Tc-HIDA scan via an accessory hepatic duct which directly entered the gallbladder.

Reimer, D.E.; Donald, J.W.

1981-09-01

365

Catheter Ablation of a Left Free-Wall Accessory Pathway via the Radial Artery Approach  

PubMed Central

Catheter ablation of the left free-wall accessory pathways (APs) is normally performed by the retrograde transaortic approach via a femoral artery or the transseptal approach. Here we report a case of an overt left free-wall AP, which was successfully ablated with a retrograde transaortic approach via the radial artery without any vascular complications. The patient has remained free of any symptoms or pre-excitation observed on the ECG during a 10-month post-ablation follow-up. PMID:18159601

Lee, Dong Won; Lee, Han-Cheol; Kim, June Hong; Chun, Kook Jin; Hong, Taek Jong; Shin, Yung Woo

2007-01-01

366

Staphylococcal enterotoxin A gene (sea) expression is not affected by the accessory gene regulator (agr).  

PubMed Central

The goal of this work was to determine whether staphylococcal enterotoxin type A gene (sea) expression is regulated by an accessory gene regulator (agr). The Tn551 insertionally inactivated agr allele of Staphylococcus aureus ISP546 was transferred to three Sea+ S. aureus strains. Each of the Agr- strains produced as much staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) as its parent strain. These results suggest that sea expression is regulated differently from that of seb, sec, and sed, which previously have been shown to require a functional agr system for maximal expression. Images PMID:7678101

Tremaine, M T; Brockman, D K; Betley, M J

1993-01-01

367

Exploitation of Antarctic minerals  

SciTech Connect

Exploitation of minerals either from continental shelves or land areas free of ice has yet to take place in the Antarctic. The paper considers pressures, commercial, strategic, and possible depletion of resources elsewhere that might encourage moves towards exploitation. A brief review is given of technical developments that will be required to allow minerals operators to establish themselves in the hostile Antarctic environment. Finally, the issues that arise in the control of mineral exploitation in a region not subject to conventional national authority are noticed and the necessary conditions for the supervision of such activity, and the protection of the Antarctic environment are outlined.

Crockett, R.N.; Clarkson, P.D.

1987-01-01

368

Mineral resources of Antarctica  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Although the existence of mineral deposits in Antarctica is highly probable, the chances of finding them are quite small. Minerals have been found there in great variety but only as occurrences. Manganese nodules, water (as ice), geothermal energy, coal, petroleum, and natural gas are potential resources that could perhaps be exploited in the future. On the basis of known mineral occurrences in Antarctica and relationships between geologic provinces of Antarctica and those of neighboring Gondwana continents, the best discovery probability for a base-metal deposit in any part of Antarctica is in the Andean orogen; it is estimated to be 0.075 (75 chances in 1,000).

Compiled and edited by Wright, Nancy A.; Williams, Paul L.

1974-01-01

369

Digging into Minnesota Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digging into Minnesota Minerals Web site is part of the larger Minnesota State Department of Natural Resources site. These fun and interesting pages explain how Minnesota came to acquire its most common minerals over geologic time, what the basic types of rocks are, mining history of the state, the geology found in state parks, and much more. Included are basic descriptions, photographs, illustrations, and even educational activities for teachers related to the minerals. This well-designed site would be a great addition to any grade school or high school science curriculum.

370

The Density of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will learn to measure the density of various minerals. The activity will reinforce the usefulness of density as a physical test for identification of minerals. Using a selection of mineral specimens of varying densities, they will weigh each one in air, immerse it in a graduated cylinder of water, and measure the amount of water displaced by the specimen. Dividing the weight of the specimen by the volume of displaced water yields the density of the specimen. A student worksheet and discussion questions are provided.

2005-10-06

371

Phytohaemagglutinin-induced proliferation of human T lymphocytes: differences between neonate and adults in accessory cell requirements.  

PubMed Central

The accessory cell requirements of human neonatal T lymphocytes were compared with those of adult T lymphocytes in lectin-induced polyclonal activation. It was found that purified neonatal Esh rosette positive lymphocytes were not activated into a proliferative response by the lectin phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), by phorbol ester (TPA) or by conditioned medium containing T cell growth factor activity (TCGF-CM). A proliferative response to PHA was obtained in the presence of a suitable accessory cell (AC) such as the plastic adherent, monocyte enriched population or the sIg positive lymphocyte population, both of which were shown by cellular titrations to be equally effective. Optimal proliferative responses to PHA could also be obtained, in the absence of accessory cells, by addition of TPA or TCGF-CM. Neonatal T lymphocytes gave highly reproducible responses and this could be achieved effectively by simple separation procedures not involving further subfractionation of the responding Esh+ lymphocyte population. The exquisite accessory cell dependence of these cells demonstrated in this investigation provides a readily available human model system for the evaluation of the variables involved in T lymphocyte activation and a sensitive assay for measuring accessory cell activity. PMID:6602678

Hutchins, D; Steel, C M

1983-01-01

372

Ken's Fluorescent Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site provides photos of fluorescent minerals photographed under long wave (LW) or short wave (SW) ultraviolet light. Links to additional resources, and a list of books and information sources are also included.

Colosky, Kenneth

373

Private Mineral Gallery Walk  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students make and display posters of the mineral they researched throughout the semester. The instructor and TA review the posters while students answer questions as they walk around and examine each other's posters.

Perkins, Dexter

374

Australian Mineral Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides details on the philosophy and operation of the Australian Mineral Foundation, established in 1970 to update professionals in the mining and petroleum industries. Services in continuing education courses and to secondary school teachers and students are described. (CS)

Crowe, D. S.

1980-01-01

375

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a review of literature published in 1995 on the subject of wastewater related to minerals and mine drainage. Topics covered include: environmental regulations and impacts; and characterization, prevention, treatment and reclamation. 65 refs.

Thomson, B.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Turney, W.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-11-01

376

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

This paper briefly lists the various literature reviews dealing with (a) Environmental regulations and impacts, and (b) Characterization, prevention, treatment and reclamation, with respect to minerals and mine drainage. 47 refs.

Thomson, B.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Turney, W.R. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-06-01

377

Ice is a Mineral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about the characteristics of ice as a mineral and how it compares to other minerals with respect to hardness. Learners will observe ice crystals, develop a hardness scale and position ice on it. Learners will also practice working collaboratively in a team. Activities include small group miming, speaking, drawing, and/or writing. This is lesson 3 of 12 in the unit, Exploring Ice in the Solar System.

378

Mineral prospecting manual  

SciTech Connect

This book: provides the mineral prospector with a series of essential guidelines for the work he must do and the precautions he will have to take; shows how successful mineral prospecting is dependent on the critical examination of technical, economic and financial data examined during each phase of the operation; and provides information on physical preparations for prospecting, hammer prospecting, prospecting in coastal formations, drilling techniques and equipment, sampling procedures, and current research methods (e.g.: remote sensing and geochemistry).

Chaussier, J.B.; Morer, J.

1986-01-01

379

36 CFR 293.14 - Mineral leases and mineral permits.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Mineral leases and mineral permits. 293.14 Section 293.14 Parks...AGRICULTURE WILDERNESS-PRIMITIVE AREAS § 293.14 Mineral leases and mineral permits. (a) All laws...

2010-07-01

380

Biomineralization of magnetic minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New developments and discoveries in biomineralization have occurred almost continuously in the intervening decade since the previous IUGG quadrennial report on biomineralization and biomagnetism was published [Kirschvink, 1983]. Biomineralization is widespread in the biosphere and over 60 different inorganic minerals are produced by a variety of organisms from bacteria to humans [Lowenstam and Weiner, 1989]. The literature on biomineralization is interdisplinary, combining research in microbiology, biotechnology, physics, geology, and paleomagnetism. For paleomagnetism and rock magnetism, iron biomineralization of magnetic minerals is of prime importance. From a paleomagnetism perspective, biogenic magnetic minerals can be deposited in sediments and acquire a natural remanent magnetization that preserves a record of the ancient geomagnetic field. From a rock magnetism perspective, biogenic magnetic minerals provide novel sources of magnetic material for experimental studies in fine particle magnetism. Both perspectives are interrelated through a common goal of developing magnetic techniques to detect biogenic magnetic minerals in sediments and soils. For example, the extent to which iron biominerals contribute to the fine-grained magnetic mineral assemblages in freshwater and marine sediments is important for identifying and interpreting the magnetic record of environmental change [Oldfield, 1992; Reynolds and King, this issue].

Moskowitz, Bruce M.

1995-07-01

381

On the presence of ganglion cells in the intracranial portion of the accessory nerve (XI cranial nerve) in some mammals.  

PubMed

The intracranial tract of the accessory nerve (XI cranial nerve) was studied in some mammals (equines, domestic and wild ruminants, pig, carnivores, rabbit, nutria, guinea pig, hamster, hedgehog). The specimens were embedded in paraffin or paraplast, the sections were stained with cresyl violet, haematoxylin and eosin, or submitted to argentic impregnation. Pseudounipolar ganglion cells were found in all the mammals examined, with the exception of the cat. The number of cells and their variability in the different species and subjects were related. The topography and morphology of the cells were described. This comparative study has demonstrated that the accessory nerve is not a entirely motor nerve, but it is a mixed, motor and sensitive, nerve. Nevertheless, we think further studies are necessary in order to establish the peripheral distribution, the central pathway and the functional role of the pseudounipolar neurons found in the intracranial tract of the accessory nerve. PMID:10684182

Panu, R; Bo Minelli, L; Acone, F; Gazza, F; Cacchioli, A; Botti, M; Palmieri, G

1999-01-01

382

Structures of benzylsuccinate synthase elucidate roles of accessory subunits in glycyl radical enzyme activation and activity.  

PubMed

Anaerobic degradation of the environmental pollutant toluene is initiated by the glycyl radical enzyme benzylsuccinate synthase (BSS), which catalyzes the radical addition of toluene to fumarate, forming benzylsuccinate. We have determined crystal structures of the catalytic ?-subunit of BSS with its accessory subunits ? and ?, which both bind a [4Fe-4S] cluster and are essential for BSS activity in vivo. We find that BSS? has the common glycyl radical enzyme fold, a 10-stranded ?/?-barrel that surrounds the glycyl radical cofactor and active site. Both accessory subunits ? and ? display folds related to high potential iron-sulfur proteins but differ substantially from each other in how they interact with the ?-subunit. BSS? binds distally to the active site, burying a hydrophobic region of BSS?, whereas BSS? binds to a hydrophilic surface of BSS? that is proximal to the active site. To further investigate the function of BSS?, we determined the structure of a BSS?? complex. Remarkably, we find that the barrel partially opens, allowing the C-terminal region of BSS? that houses the glycyl radical to shift within the barrel toward an exit pathway. The structural changes that we observe in the BSS?? complex center around the crucial glycyl radical domain, thus suggesting a role for BSS? in modulating the conformational dynamics required for enzyme activity. Accompanying proteolysis experiments support these structural observations. PMID:24982148

Funk, Michael A; Judd, Evan T; Marsh, E Neil G; Elliott, Sean J; Drennan, Catherine L

2014-07-15

383

[Relation between neck accessory inspiratory muscle electromyographic activity and lung volume].  

PubMed

Years ago it was reported that, as lung volume increased, there was a corresponding increase in scalene EMG activity (Raper et al. J Appl Physiol 21: 497-502, 1966). Otherwise, the relationship between changing lung volume and the EMG of the respiratory muscles has not been defined. We therefore inserted fine wire electrodes into the scalene (SCLN), sternocleidomastoid (STERNO), and trapezius (TRAPEZ) muscles in 6 healthy subjects under direct vision using high-resolution ultrasound. Maximum EMG activity (EMGmax) was obtained for each muscle by a variety of respiratory and postural maneuvers. Then, in the standing posture, air flow, raw and moving average EMG signals were sampled and input to a computer during quasi-static inspiration from functional residual capacity (FRC) to total lung capacity (TLC). We found that the relationship between EMG and lung volume for SCLN, but not for STERNO or TRAPEZ, was expressed by exponential curves. The onset of SCLN, STERNO and TRAPEZ EMG occurred at 13.3 +/- 7.4 (mean +/- SE), 67.8 +/- 14.6, and 89.2 +/- 3.9% of inspiratory capacity. The EMG of SCLN, STERNO, TRAPEZ, reached 85.7 +/- 2.6, 60.7 +/- 8.6, and 11.8 +/- 5.2% of EMGmax, respectively, at TLC. We conclude that: 1) SCLN is the most, and TRAPEZ the least, active neck accessory inspiratory muscle, while STERNO is intermediate, and 2) there is a lung volume dependency of the neck accessory muscle EMG activity. PMID:11481822

Masubuchi, Y; Abe, T; Yokoba, M; Yamada, T; Katagiri, M; Tomita, T

2001-04-01

384

[The radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways. The initial experience in Mexico].  

PubMed

Thirteen patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) due to an accessory pathway were submitted to an electrophysiological study and radiofrequency ablation of the Kent bundle. There were 9 males and 4 females. The mean age was 22 years. Other than their SVT, none had any structural heart disease. Ten of them had Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, and three had concealed accessory pathways. Two different types of radiofrequency devices were used: one generating damped sinusoid waves, and two other generators producing pure continuous sinusoid waves. With the first type, two attempts were made: one patient with a concealed pathway and one with overt preexcitation. The successful ablation was not achieved because this wave type is 100 times more powerful, it desiccates the tissue, and thus does not produce the right kind of lesion. The other eleven patients were divided in three groups: I) With left overt preexcitation (7 pts) II) Concealed left Kent bundles (2 pts) III) Right Kent bundles. Ablation was 100% successful in group I, while in the other two groups, only one patient of each was successfully ablated. The overall successful rate of these 3 groups was 81.8%. Of the two patients that could not be treated, one had an anterior septal Kent bundle and the other had a concealed left Kent bundle. We believe that catheter ablation is a very promising therapeutic procedure for patients with SVT, besides being a extraordinary instrument that will enable us to be able to understand further clinical electrophysiology. PMID:8466363

Molina, L; Morales, A; Alvarez, L M; Avila, L

1993-01-01

385

Postnatal characterization of cells in the accessory olfactory bulb of wild type and reeler mice  

PubMed Central

Olfaction is the most relevant chemosensory sense of the rodents. General odors are primarily detected by the main olfactory system while most pheromonal signals are received by the accessory olfactory system. The first relay in the brain occurs in the olfactory bulb, which is subdivided in the main and accessory olfactory bulb (MOB/AOB). Given that the cell generation time is different between AOB and MOB, and the cell characterization of AOB remains limited, the goal of this work was first, the definition of the layering of AOB/MOB and second, the determination of cellular phenotypes in the AOB in a time window corresponding to the early postnatal development. Moreover, since reelin (Reln) deficiency has been related to olfactory learning deficits, we analyzed reeler mice. First, we compared the layering between AOB and MOB at early embryonic stages. Then, cell phenotypes were established using specific neuronal and glial markers as well as the Reln adaptor protein Dab1 to analyse differences in both genetic backgrounds. There was no apparent difference in the cell phenotypes among AOB and MOB or between wild type (wt) and reeler animals. However, a disruption in the granular cell layer of reeler with respect to wt mice was observed. In conclusion, the AOB in Reln-deficient mice showed similar neuronal and glial cell types being only affected the organization of granular neurons. PMID:22661929

Martin-Lopez, Eduardo; Corona, Rebeca; Lopez-Mascaraque, Laura

2012-01-01

386

A single vesicle-vesicle fusion assay for in vitro studies of SNAREs and accessory proteins.  

PubMed

SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) proteins are a highly regulated class of membrane proteins that drive the efficient merger of two distinct lipid bilayers into one interconnected structure. This protocol describes our fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based single vesicle-vesicle fusion assays for SNAREs and accessory proteins. Both lipid-mixing (with FRET pairs acting as lipophilic dyes in the membranes) and content-mixing assays (with FRET pairs present on a DNA hairpin that becomes linear via hybridization to a complementary DNA) are described. These assays can be used to detect substages such as docking, hemifusion, and pore expansion and full fusion. The details of flow cell preparation, protein-reconstituted vesicle preparation, data acquisition and analysis are described. These assays can be used to study the roles of various SNARE proteins, accessory proteins and effects of different lipid compositions on specific fusion steps. The total time required to finish one round of this protocol is 3–6 d. PMID:22582418

Diao, Jiajie; Ishitsuka, Yuji; Lee, Hanki; Joo, Chirlmin; Su, Zengliu; Syed, Salman; Shin, Yeon-Kyun; Yoon, Tae-Young; Ha, Taekjip

2012-05-01

387

The mineral economy of Brazil--Economia mineral do Brasil  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study depicts the Brazilian government structure, mineral legislation and investment policy, taxation, foreign investment policies, environmental laws and regulations, and conditions in which the mineral industry operates. The report underlines Brazil's large and diversified mineral endowment. A total of 37 mineral commodities, or groups of closely related commodities, is discussed. An overview of the geologic setting of the major mineral deposits is presented. This report is presented in English and Portuguese in pdf format.

Gurmendi, Alfredo C.; Barboza, Frederico Lopes; Thorman, Charles H.

1999-01-01

388

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. It contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

389

Minerals yearbook, 1994. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1994 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. The volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. The volume also contains chapters on Survey Methods, a Statistical Summary of Nonfuel Minerals, and Trends in Mining and Quarrying.

NONE

1994-12-31

390

MINERAL RESOURCES POTENTIAL IN MOZAMBIQUE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lehto, T. & Gonçalves, R. 2008. Mineral resources potential in Mozambique. Geo- logical Survey of Finland, Special Paper 48, 307-321, 9 figures. The metallic mineral, industrial mineral and construction material resources in Mo- zambique have been mapped as part of the Mineral Resources Management Capacity Building Project, financed by a grant provided by the Nordic Development Fund. A da- tabase

Tapio Lehto; Reinaldo Gonçalves

391

Mineral Physical Properties and Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Physical Geology 101 lab consists of a chart which defines the physical properties and provides the means for determining the physical property of a mineral sample. Also presented is a table listing some of the aspects of the common lab minerals. Armed with an image of a mineral and a series of physical properties tests, students are asked to identify each mineral.

Harwood, Richard

2011-01-01

392

The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom" allows one to sort and search for minerals and gemstones by alphabetical, chemical group, color, streak, hardness, crystal group, elemental affiliations, and dana classification. Includes image galleries of rocks, minerals and gemstones: pictures accompanied with physical descriptions of the rock or mineral. Also includes a glossary of terms.

2008-08-21

393

The JMU Mineral Museum - Observing Physical Properties of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mineral museums provide a resourse for students to explore beautiful examples of minerals. During the exploration process, they can also apply or reinforce visual observation skills they have learned in lab. The James Madison University Mineral Museum (http://csm.jmu.edu/minerals/) provides educational opportunities for both introductory geology and earth science courses as well as advanced major. In this exercise, students have possibly their first opportunity to enjoy the wonderous world of minerals in an exhilerating display. During the exploration process, students are provided a reinforcment of visual observation skills previously experienced in lab and an introduction to mineral names and classifications.

Kearns, Cynthia A.

394

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

SciTech Connect

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position as a source of sodium borate products and boric acid exported to foreign markets. Supplementary U.S. imports of Turkish calcium borate and calcium-sodium borate ores, borax, and boric acid, primarily for various glass uses, continued.

Lyday, P.A.

1990-08-01

395

Cutaneous application of an accessory-gland secretion after sperm exchange in a terrestrial slug (Mollusca: Pulmonata)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competition for fertilisation in hermaphroditic animals seems to have led to many odd behaviours and complex morphologies involved in the transfer of accessory-gland products to the partner. Terrestrial slugs of the genus Deroceras show remarkably elaborate and interspecifically diverse penis morphologies and mating behaviours. Most species have an appending penial gland, which in Deroceras panormitanum consists of a few long

Mandy Benke; Heike Reise; Kora Montagne-Wajer; Joris M. Koene

2010-01-01

396

The structural organization of glomerular neuropile in the olfactory and accessory lobes of an Australian freshwater crayfish, Cherax destructor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The olfactory and accessory lobes of the crayfish, Cherax destructor contain glomeruli. Light microscope and electron microscope studies show that these glomeruli are the only regions of synaptic activity in the lobes and that at least four separate sets of axons meet within the glomeruli. The olfactory glomeruli are column shaped, complex structures with no large single pre- or postsynaptic

D. C. Sandeman; S. E. Luff

1973-01-01

397

Burning A Disc Using InfraRecorder On the PC desktop, double click on the Accessories and Utilities folder.  

E-print Network

finished selecting files to be burned you may select Actions, Burn Compilation, To a Compact Disc. The nextBurning A Disc Using InfraRecorder On the PC desktop, double click on the Accessories and Utilities to burn. For Word, Excel, PDFs, etc., select Data Disc and CD or DVD as appropriate. At the next screen

Kim, Duck O.

398

The relation between reactive oxygen species and cytokines in andrological patients with or without male accessory gland infection.  

PubMed

The presence of various cytokines, namely hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1 RA), and interleukins (IL-1 alpha, IL-6, and IL-8), as well as the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was investigated in seminal plasma of fertile and infertile patients in order to evaluate the possible value of measuring these substances for the diagnosis of male accessory gland infection, and to assess the possible relationship between oxidative stress and cytokines during leucocytospermia and male accessory gland infection (MAGI). Our findings indicate that all of the measured cytokines seem to be produced locally as well as by white blood cells (WBC) and that, due to the presence of higher numbers of WBC, accessory gland infection may exert a deleterious effect on sperm quality through the production of ROS and/or of particular cytokines such as IL-1 alpha, IL-1 RA, and IL-8. The most specific marker for a sensitivity of 95% in discriminating between cases with or without MAGI is the measurement of IL-6 in seminal plasma. In the absence of WBC several cytokines are constitutively produced and correlate with sperm concentration (HGF, IL-8), alpha-glucosidase (IL-6), and gamma-glutamyltransferase activity (HGF). The measurement of these cytokines in semen may provide clinically useful information for the diagnosis of male accessory gland infection, as well as in the absence of WBC where it can provide information about certain mechanisms of male reproductive function and dysfunction. PMID:9016401

Depuydt, C E; Bosmans, E; Zalata, A; Schoonjans, F; Comhaire, F H

1996-01-01

399

Draft Genome of Phaeobacter gallaeciensis ANG1, a Dominant Member of the Accessory Nidamental Gland of Euprymna scolopes?  

PubMed Central

Phaeobacter gallaeciensis strain ANG1 represents the dominant member of the bacterial consortium within the reproductive accessory nidamental gland (ANG) of the squid Euprymna scolopes. We present a 4.59-Mb assembly of its genome, which may provide clues as to how it benefits its host. PMID:21551313

Collins, Andrew J.; Nyholm, Spencer V.

2011-01-01

400

Discovery of a Novel Accessory Structure of the Pitviper Infrared Receptor Organ (Serpentes: Viperidae)  

PubMed Central

The facial pits of rattlesnakes, copperheads, lanceheads, bushmasters and other American and Asian pitvipers (Crotalinae) are highly innervated and densely vascularized infrared (IR) receptor organs. For over a century, studies have focused on a small sample of model species from North America and Asia. Based on an expanded survey of Central and South American crotalines, we report a conspicuous accessory structure composed of well-defined papillae that project from the anterior orbital adnexa. The papillae are continuous with the inner chamber of the IR receptor organ and our histological and ultrastructural data suggest that they possess a well-developed nervous network and extensive vascularization; however, they lack the characteristic IR-sensitive terminal nerve masses found in the IR-receptive pit membrane. The function of the IR receptor organ papillae is unknown. PMID:24595025

Bolívar-G, Wilmar; Antoniazzi, Marta M.; Grant, Taran; Jared, Carlos

2014-01-01

401

Accessory cleido-occipitalis muscle: case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

An aberrant muscular fascicle, the so-called "accessory cleido-occipital muscle", originated from the anterior border of the cleido-occipital portion of the right trapezius muscle, was detected during a routine dissection of a female cadaver. The aforementioned muscular bundle coursing in the posterior cervical triangle, almost parallel to the anterior border of the trapezius muscle, inserted ultimately to the clavicle's medial third. In addition, prior to its insertion, the muscle provided a fibrous arch attached to the midportion of clavicle, overlying the main trunk of supraclavicular nerves. We noted that during abduction of the right arm, the fibrous arch entrapped the supraclavicular nerve trunk, presumably leading to sensory disturbances in nerve's area distribution. We review the relative restricted data in the available literature concerning that muscular variant and elucidate its importance during differential diagnosis of a mass and surgical exploration of the posterior cervical triangle. PMID:24322047

Paraskevas, G K; Natsis, K; Ioannidis, O

2013-01-01

402

Complementary roles of the main and accessory olfactory systems in mammalian mate recognition.  

PubMed

We review studies conducted in mouse and ferret that have specified roles of both the main and the accessory olfactory nervous systems in the detection and processing of body odorants (e.g., urinary pheromones, extraorbital lacrimal gland secretions, major histocompatibility complex peptide ligands, and anal scent gland secretions) that play an essential role in sex discrimination and attraction between males and females leading to mate choice and successful reproduction. We also review literature that compares the forebrain processing of inputs from the two olfactory systems in the two sexes that underlies heterosexual partner preferences. Finally, we review experiments that raise the possibility that body odorants detected by the main olfactory system contribute to mate recognition in humans. PMID:18817511

Baum, Michael J; Kelliher, Kevin R

2009-01-01

403

Research on the Application of New Accessory Ingredient in Cashmere Hank Yarn Dyeing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exist many problems in the process of cashmere yarn dyeing such as great difficulty in dyeing, large damage to yarn, low strength, and lack of brightness in color. Currently the technologies of hank yarn dyeing in foreign countries are very advanced, but most of them aim for hank yarn dyeing of cotton and silk with few reports on the research about hank dyeing of cashmere. In this paper, we will use reactive dyes to dye cashmere yarn, do comparative experiment on pre-treatment lotion Kierlon OL and Da ai wen, and add a smooth anti-creasing agent Primasol JET and cashmere protective agent WSM in the dyeing process and analyze their impact on the performance of cashmere hank yarn dyeing to determine a reasonable dose of accessory ingredient. This dyeing program can be applied to guide the actual production, achieving the effects of improving the performance of cashmere hank yarn dyeing and enhancing the quality of dyed yarn

Wang, Li-ping; Wang, Cun-tao

404

A software tool to evaluate crystal types and morphological developments of accessory zircon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer programs for an appropriate visualization of crystal types and morphological developments of accessory zircon are not available hitherto. Usually, typological computations are conducted by using simple calculation tools or spread-sheet programs. In practice, however, high numbers of data sets including information of numerous zircon populations have to be processed and stored. The paper describes the software ZIRCTYP, which is a macro-driven program within the Microsoft Access database management system. It allows the computation of zircon morphologies occurring in specific rock samples and their presentation in typology diagrams. In addition, morphological developments within a given zircon population are presented (1) statistically and (2) graphically as crystal sequences showing initial, intermediate, and final growth stages.

Sturm, Robert

2014-08-01

405

Intraperitoneal accessory spleen and adrenal myelolipoma: removal by simultaneous bilateral posterior retroperitoneoscopy.  

PubMed

Posterior retroperitoneoscopic approach (PRA) has become an established procedure for retroperitoneal lesions. The authors encountered a 30-year-old male patient who had ?-thalassemia major and received splenectomy 15 years previously. Bilateral suprarenal tumors were noted on follow-up sonography. Subsequent computed tomography of the abdomen showed a right adrenal tumor and a left intraperitoneal lesion with homogenous enhancement. Successful bilateral PRA was performed, and histology confirmed the diagnosis of right adrenal myelolipoma and an accessory spleen. For the present case who had a large abdominal scar, PRA is technically feasible for treating patients with intraperitoneal and/or retroperitoneal suprarenal lesions while eliminating the necessity of dissection for intra-abdominal adhesions and patient repositioning for bilateral lesions. PMID:23386169

Wu, Zong-Syun; Chiou, Shyh-Shin; Lee, Jui-Ying; Chang, Yu-Tang

2013-02-01

406

Accessory proteins and the assembly of human class I MHC molecules: a molecular and structural perspective.  

PubMed

The cell-surface presentation of antigenic peptides by class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules to CD8+ T-cell receptors is part of an immune surveillance mechanism aimed at detecting foreign antigens. This process is initiated in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with the folding and assembly of class I MHC molecules which are then transported to the cell surface via the secretory pathway. In recent years, several accessory proteins have been identified as key components of the class I maturation process in the ER. These proteins include the lectin chaperones calnexin (CNX) and calreticulin (CRT), the thiol-dependent oxidoreductase ERp57, the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), and the protein tapasin. This review presents the most recent advances made in characterizing the biochemical and structural properties of these proteins, and discusses how this knowledge advances our current understanding of the molecular events underlying the folding and assembly of human class I MHC molecules in the ER. PMID:12531281

Bouvier, Marlene

2003-01-01

407

Segmentation of cardiac magnetic resonance cine images of single ventricle: including or excluding the accessorial ventricle?  

PubMed

Our aim was to compare two different approaches for segmentation of single ventricle (SV) on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) cine images. We retrospectively studied 30 consecutive patients (23 males; aged 27 ± 10 years) with a treated SV who underwent 1.5-T CMR using ECG-triggered axial true-FISP, HASTE and cine true-FISP sequences. We classified patients for visceroatrial situs, cardiac axis orientation, ventricular loop, morphology of SV and position of great arteries. One experienced reader segmented cine images twice, firstly including only the systemic ventricle, secondly including both systemic and accessorial ventricles. Ejection fraction (EF), indexed end-diastolic volume (EDVI), end-systolic volume (ESVI), and stroke volume (SVI) were calculated. Data were presented as medians and interquartile intervals. Four patients presented dextrocardia and one patient mesocardia. Two had situs ambiguus with asplenia and one situs ambiguus with polisplenia. Four patients showed right morphology of the SV and three levo-ventricle loop. We found 14 levo-trasposition of great arteries (TGA), 4 levo-malposition of great arteries (MGA), four dextro-MGA, two dextro-TGA, and one inverted vessel position. When segmenting only the systemic ventricle, EDVI (mL/m2) was 65 (50-91), when segmenting both ventricles 76 (58-110) (P < 0.001); ESVI (mL/m2) was 32 (24-45) and 45 (33-60), respectively (P < 0.001); EF (%) was 49 (43-57) and 33 (24-47), respectively (P = 0.003); SVI (mL/m2) was 34 (17-48) and 33 (24-47) (P = 0.070). The inclusion of the accessorial ventricle in the segmentation of SV produce a biased lower EF showing a very low contribution to the pump function. PMID:24801178

Secchi, Francesco; Resta, Elda Chiara; Di Leo, Giovanni; Petrini, Marcello; Messina, Carmelo; Carminati, Mario; Sardanelli, Francesco

2014-08-01

408

Multiple Accessory Pathways in the Young: The Impact of Structural Heart Disease  

PubMed Central

Background The presence of multiple accessory pathways (multAP) is described in structural heart disease (SHD) such as Ebstein’s anomaly and cardiomyopathies. Structural defects can impact the tolerability of tachyarrhythmia and can complicate both medical management and ablation. In a large cohort of pediatric patients with and without SHD undergoing invasive electrophysiology study, we examined the prevalence of multAP and the effect of both multAP and SHD on ablation outcomes. Methods Accessory pathway number and location, presence of SHD, ablation success, and recurrence were analyzed in consecutive patients from our center over a 16 year period. Results In 1088 patients, 1228 pathways (36% retrograde only) were mapped to the right side (TV) in 18%, septum(S) in 39%, and left side (MV) in 43%. MultAP were present in 111 pts (10%), involving 250 distinct pathways. SHD tripled the risk of multAP (26% SHD vs 8% no SHD, p<0.001). Multivariable adjusted risk factors for multAP included Ebstein’s(OR 8.7[4.4–17.5],p<0.001) and cardiomyopathy (OR13.3[5.1–34.5], p<0.001). Of 1306 ablation attempts, 94% were acutely successful with an 8% recurrence rate. Ablation success was affected by SHD (85% vs 95% for no SHD, p<0.01) but not by multAP (91% vs. 94% for single, p= 0.24). Recurrence rate was higher for SHD (17% SHD vs 8% no SHD, p<0.05) and multAP (19% multAP vs. 8% single, p<0.001). Conclusions MultAP are found in 10% of pediatric patients, and are more common in SHD compared to those with normal hearts. Both the presence of multAP and SHD negatively influence ablation outcomes. PMID:23237138

Zachariah, Justin P; Walsh, Edward P; Triedman, John K; Berul, Charles I; Cecchin, Frank; Alexander, Mark E; Bevilacqua, Laura M

2012-01-01

409

Identification of a yeast artificial chromosome clone encoding an accessory factor for the human interferon [gamma] receptor: Evidence for multiple accessory factors  

SciTech Connect

Human chromosomes 6 and 21 are both necessary to confer sensitivity to human interferon [gamma](Hu-IFN-[gamma]), as measured by the induction of human HLA class I antigen. Human chromosome 6 encodes the receptor for Hu-IFN-[gamma], and human chromosome 21 encodes accessory factors for generating biological activity through the Hu-IFN-[gamma] receptor. A small region of human chromosome 21 that is responsible for encoding such factors was localized with hamster-human somatic cell hybrids carrying an irradiation-reduced fragment of human chromosome 21. The cell line with the minimum chromosome 21-specific DNA is Chinese hamster ovary 3x1S. To localize the genes further, 10 different yeast artificial chromosome clones from six different loci in the vicinity of the 3x1S region were fused to a human-hamster hybrid cell line (designated 16-9) that contains human chromosome 6q (supplying the Hy-IFN-[gamma] receptor) and the human HLA-B7 gene. These transformed 16-9 cells were assayed for induction of class I HLA antigens upon treatment with Hu-IFN-[gamma]. Here the authors report that a 540-kb yeast artificial chromosome encodes the necessary species-specific factor(s) and can substitute for human chromosome 21 to reconstitute the Hu-IFN-[gamma]-receptor-mediated induction of class I HLA antigens. However, the factor encoded on the yeast artificial chromosome does not confer antiviral protection against encephalomyocarditis virus, demonstrating that an additional factor encoded on human chromosome 21 is required for the antiviral activity. 51 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Soh, J.; Donnelly, R.J.; Mariano, T.M.; Cook, J.R.; Schwartz, B.; Pestka, S. (Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry, Piscataway, NJ (United States))

1993-09-15

410

Síndrome de Wolff-Parkinson-White e outras Vias Acessórias Atrioventriculares em 1465 Pacientes Submetidos à Ablação por Radiofreqüência Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome and other Atrioventricular Accessory Pathways in 1,465 Patients Undergoing Radio-Frequency Ablation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Several studies analyzed clinical and electrophysiological data for patients with accessory pathways, most of them not Brazilian and based on a relatively small number of patients. Objective: To describe the number and location of the accessory pathways in Brazilian patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 1,465 consecutive patients with accessory pathways who u n

Iara Atié; Washington Maciel; Eduardo Andréa; Nilson Araújo; Hecio Carvalho; Luís Belo; Leonardo Siqueira; Cláudio Munhoz; Rodrigo Cosenza; Fabiana Mitidieri; Lara Fonseca; Cristiane Bortoluzzo; Tarik Arcoverde; Bruno Andréa; Jacob Atié

411

Breakage-fusion-bridge Cycles and Large Insertions Contribute to the Rapid Evolution of Accessory Chromosomes in a Fungal Pathogen  

PubMed Central

Chromosomal rearrangements are a major driver of eukaryotic genome evolution, affecting speciation, pathogenicity and cancer progression. Changes in chromosome structure are often initiated by mis-repair of double-strand breaks in the DNA. Mis-repair is particularly likely when telomeres are lost or when dispersed repeats misalign during crossing-over. Fungi carry highly polymorphic chromosomal complements showing substantial variation in chromosome length and number. The mechanisms driving chromosome polymorphism in fungi are poorly understood. We aimed to identify mechanisms of chromosomal rearrangements in the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. We combined population genomic resequencing and chromosomal segment PCR assays with electrophoretic karyotyping and resequencing of parents and offspring from experimental crosses to show that this pathogen harbors a highly diverse complement of accessory chromosomes that exhibits strong global geographic differentiation in numbers and lengths of chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes carried highly differentiated gene contents due to numerous insertions and deletions. The largest accessory chromosome recently doubled in length through insertions totaling 380 kb. Based on comparative genomics, we identified the precise breakpoint locations of these insertions. Nondisjunction during meiosis led to chromosome losses in progeny of three different crosses. We showed that a new accessory chromosome emerged in two viable offspring through a fusion between sister chromatids. Such chromosome fusion is likely to initiate a breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle that can rapidly degenerate chromosomal structure. We suggest that the accessory chromosomes of Z. tritici originated mainly from ancient core chromosomes through a degeneration process that included BFB cycles, nondisjunction and mutational decay of duplicated sequences. The rapidly evolving accessory chromosome complement may serve as a cradle for adaptive evolution in this and other fungal pathogens. PMID:23785303

Croll, Daniel; Zala, Marcello; McDonald, Bruce A.

2013-01-01

412

Introduction to Mineral Equilibria  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is short problem set to be used in class. It helps focus discussion, while providing a starting point for discussing mineral reactions and phase diagrams. Students are exposed to ternary composition diagrams and to phase diagrams. They are also introduced to the phase rule, although in quite a superficial way.

Perkins, Dexter

413

Bioleaching of Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Bioleaching is the term used to describe the microbial dissolution of metals from minerals. The commercial bioleaching of metals, particularly those hosted in sulfide minerals, is supported by the technical disciplines of biohydrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, chemistry, electrochemistry, and chemical engineering. The study of the natural weathering of these same minerals, above and below ground, is also linked to the fields of geomicrobiology and biogeochemistry. Studies of abandoned and disused mines indicate that the alterations of the natural environment due to man's activities leave as remnants microbiological activity that continues the biologically mediated release of metals from the host rock (acid rock drainage; ARD). A significant fraction of the world's copper, gold and uranium is now recovered by exploiting native or introduced microbial communities. While some members of these unique communities have been extensively studied for the past 50 years, our knowledge of the composition of these communities, and the function of the individual species present remains relatively limited. Nevertheless, bioleaching represents a major strategy in mineral resource recovery whose importance will increase as ore reserves decline in quality, become more difficult to process (due to increased depth, increased need for comminution, for example), and as environmental considerations eliminate traditional physical processes such as smelting, which have served the mining industry for hundreds of years.

F. Roberto

2002-02-01

414

Minerals and foreign policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no such thing as a purely domestic or foreign minerals issue. Domestic policies, such as the setting aside of public lands as wilderness regions or enforcement of stringent clean air standards on smelters, may link directly to our world trade and supply position and affect foreign-policy interests. Conversely, economic and political events in far corners of the world

Calingaert

1980-01-01

415

Oxidants from Pulverized Minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Joel Hurowitz (previously at State University of New York at Stony Brook and now at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Nick Tosca, Scott McLennan, and Martin Schoonen (SUNY at Stony Brook) studied the production of hydrogen peroxide from freshly pulverized minerals in solution. Their experiments focused on olivine, augite, and labradorite; silicate minerals of basaltic planetary surfaces, such as the Moon and Mars, that are exposed to the intense crushing and grinding of impact cratering processes. The hydrogen peroxide produced in the experiments was enough to adequately explain the oxidizing nature of Martian regolith first determined by the Viking Landers and the results suggest, for the first time, that mechanically activated mineral surfaces may be an important part of the overall explanation for the Viking Lander biology experiment results. Hurowitz and coauthors further showed that when the pulverized minerals are heat-treated to high temperature under vacuum (to cause dehydroxylation) there is almost a 20 times increase in hydrogen peroxide production, a result which may be highly relevant to lunar dust. These careful studies demonstrate the importance of and concern about reactive dusts on planetary surfaces from two standpoints: the health of astronauts on surface maneuvers who may inadvertently breath it and the viability of possible Martian organic species to survive in such a corrosive, antiseptic surface environment.

Martel, L. M. V.

2007-06-01

416

Universal ripper miner  

Microsoft Academic Search

A universal ripper miner used to cut, collect and transfer material from an underground mine working face includes a cutter head that is vertically movable in an arcuate cutting cycle by means of drive members, such as hydraulically actuated pistons. The cutter head may support a circular cutter bit having a circular cutting edge that may be indexed to incrementally

Roger J. Morrell; David A. Larson

1991-01-01

417

Mineral mining equipment  

SciTech Connect

A mineral mining machine hauls itself along a working face by engaging a round link chain. The links of the chain are fed sequentially from link-retaining pockets in a track component arranged around the working face, around a driven sprocket assembly on the machine and returned to the pockets.

Monks, H.

1980-11-25

418

Fossils and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Black Hills Institute features information about different types of fossils, minerals, meteorites, and geology in general. Each topic has a brief description, with links to a more detailed explanation. Various samples and books are abailable for purchase on the site.

Research, Inc. B.

419

Energy and Mineral Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains 16 questions on the topic of energy and mineral resources, which covers energy sources, resource types, and uses of resources. This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answers and are provided immediate verification.

Heaton, Timothy

420

Minerals bioprocessing: R & D needs in mineral biobeneficiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microorganisms have a tremendous influence on their environment through the transfer of energy, charge, and materials across a complex biotic mineral–solution interface. The biomodification of mineral surfaces involves the complex action of microorganism on the mineral surface. The manner, in which bacteria affect the surface reactivity and the mechanism of bacteria adsorption, is still unknown and accumulation of the primary

K. Hanumantha Rao; A. Vilinska; I. V. Chernyshova

2010-01-01

421

Advances and limitations on interpreting the erosional record from isotopic analysis of single detrital mineral grains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The analysis of provenance of clastic sediments is useful for reconstructing the characteristics and rates of exhumation of source areas, and sometimes placing minimum age constraints on depositional age. Due largely to increased availability and ease of access to LA-ICP-MS instrumentation, the analysis of provenance using single detrital accessory minerals has grown very rapidly over recent years. With this however is a culture of casual users who may not fully appreciate subtleties of measurement and isotope interpretation. The isotopic provenance literature is dominated by zircon-centric studies that use U-Pb dating and Hf isotope measurements of single zircons, but unfortunately an increasing number of these studies appear to lack sufficient understanding of U-Pb and Hf systematics; misleading interpretations are increasingly common. The inherent information contained in detrital accessory minerals is potentially immense, scientifically, but comprehensive interpretations attempting to reconstruct the geological make-up and evolution of sources require dating of multiple types of accessory minerals (i.e. zircon, titanite, monazite, garnet inclusions, micas, allanite, rutile, apatite) by various methods (U-Pb, fission track, Ar-Ar…) at times accompanied by isotope geochemical data (Lu-Hf, Sm-Nd, Rb-Sr) of phases where Sr, Hf, or REE comprise a major element (?0.5%). Many approaches have been demonstrated but the mix of methodologies needs to be tailored to the problem, in view of the variable effort and expense needed to acquire good datasets. To date there are few comprehensive multi-mineral, multi-isotope system applications, and too many studies that follow a prescriptive cookbook that lacks innovation and fails to address a problem. The field needs to focus effort on the approaches that can solve a problem well rather than doing either just the easy methods or too many methods only moderately well. Zircon studies require strategies that reduce or eliminate discordance, collect sufficient data on each grain to make a robust age interpretation, improve accuracy of data by more attention to standards and uncertainties, can analyze thin overgrowths that reveal the magmatic or metamorphic age, and minimize sample consumption, not an easy task for the vast majority of laboratories doing provenance applications. Detrital monazite, monazite-in garnet, titanite and rutile can reveal much of the higher temperature metamorphic time-temperature path, and coupled U-Pb and fission track studies of single zircon and apatite grains can be useful for determining lower temperature exhumation rates. Isotope geochemistry (Hf-Nd-Sr-O) is more time consuming but can be pivotal to distinguish subtle differences in sources and to test specific hypotheses. Examples of improved methods and applications will be presented to illustrate the presentation.

Parrish, Randall

2010-05-01

422

Mineral oil soluble borate compositions  

SciTech Connect

Alkali metal borates are reacted with fatty acids or oils in the presence of a low hlb value surfactant to give a stable mineral oil-soluble product. Mineral oil containing the borate can be used as a cutting fluid.

Dulat, J.

1981-09-15

423

Mineral Transformations by Mycorrhizal Fungi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses the significance and the mechanisms of mineral weathering by mycorrhizal fungi, and the role of this process in plant nutrition and protection from metal toxicity. The fact that mycorrhizal mycelia may actively release nutrients from mineral particles through weathering is raising an increasing interest and the uptake of mineral-derived nutrients by the host plants has been reported.

Elena Martino; Silvia Perotto

2010-01-01

424

The Indian Mineral Development Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the objectives of the Indian Mineral Development Act of 1982 (IMDA) and the possible effects it may have on Indian mineral development. Explains how the provisions of IMDA work to provide Indian tribes with greater flexibility for the development and sale of their mineral resources. (ML)

Houle, Antoinette

1986-01-01

425

Common Rock-Forming Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of images of the common rock-forming minerals. Along with the image, the physical and chemical properties of each mineral are listed. These include: metallic or nonmetallic luster, light or dark color, chemical formula, mineral group, cleavage, general color, hardness, and other characteristics.

Weiland, Tom

426

Raman Spectroscopy for Mineral Identification and Quantification for in situ Planetary Surface Analysis: A Point Count Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification of mineral proportions in rocks and soils by Raman spectroscopy on a planetary surface is best done by taking many narrow-beam spectra from different locations on the rock or soil, with each spectrum yielding peaks from only one or two minerals. The proportion of each mineral in the rock or soil can then be determined from the fraction of the spectra that contain its peaks, in analogy with the standard petrographic technique of point counting. The method can also be used for nondestructive laboratory characterization of rock samples. Although Raman peaks for different minerals seldom overlap each other, it is impractical to obtain proportions of constituent minerals by Raman spectroscopy through analysis of peak intensities in a spectrum obtained by broad-beam sensing of a representative area of the target material. That is because the Raman signal strength produced by a mineral in a rock or soil is not related in a simple way through the Raman scattering cross section of that mineral to its proportion in the rock, and the signal-to-noise ratio of a Raman spectrum is poor when a sample is stimulated by a low-power laser beam of broad diameter. Results obtained by the Raman point-count method are demonstrated for a lunar thin section (14161,7062) and a rock fragment (15273,7039). Major minerals (plagioclase and pyroxene), minor minerals (cristobalite and K-feldspar), and accessory minerals (whitlockite, apatite, and baddeleyite) were easily identified. Identification of the rock types, KREEP basalt or melt rock, from the 100-location spectra was straightforward.

Haskin, Larry A.; Wang, Alian; Rockow, Kaylynn M.; Jolliff, Bradley L.; Korotev, Randy L.; Viskupic, Karen M.

1997-08-01

427

Raman Spectroscopy for Mineral Identification and Quantification for in situ Planetary Surface Analysis: A Point Count Method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantification of mineral proportions in rocks and soils by Raman spectroscopy on a planetary surface is best done by taking many narrow-beam spectra from different locations on the rock or soil, with each spectrum yielding peaks from only one or two minerals. The proportion of each mineral in the rock or soil can then be determined from the fraction of the spectra that contain its peaks, in analogy with the standard petrographic technique of point counting. The method can also be used for nondestructive laboratory characterization of rock samples. Although Raman peaks for different minerals seldom overlap each other, it is impractical to obtain proportions of constituent minerals by Raman spectroscopy through analysis of peak intensities in a spectrum obtained by broad-beam sensing of a representative area of the target material. That is because the Raman signal strength produced by a mineral in a rock or soil is not related in a simple way through the Raman scattering cross section of that mineral to its proportion in the rock, and the signal-to-noise ratio of a Raman spectrum is poor when a sample is stimulated by a low-power laser beam of broad diameter. Results obtained by the Raman point-count method are demonstrated for a lunar thin section (14161,7062) and a rock fragment (15273,7039). Major minerals (plagioclase and pyroxene), minor minerals (cristobalite and K-feldspar), and accessory minerals (whitlockite, apatite, and baddeleyite) were easily identified. Identification of the rock types, KREEP basalt or melt rock, from the 100-location spectra was straightforward.

Haskin, Larry A.; Wang, Alian; Rockow, Kaylynn M.; Jolliff, Bradley L.; Korotev, Randy L.; Viskupic, Karen M.

1997-01-01

428

Minerals yearbook, 1992. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide mineral and materials industry during 1992 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Content of the individual Yearbook volumes follows: Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on advanced materials, nonrenewable organic materials, and nonferrous metals recycling also were added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989, 1990, and 1991 volumes, respectively. A new chapter on materials recycling has been initiated in this 1992 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

Not Available

1992-01-01

429

Mineral mining installation  

SciTech Connect

A mineral mining installation comprises a mechanical mining machine (such as a plough or a shearer) and a hydraulic winning machine. The hydraulic winning machine has a plurality of high pressure nozzles and a high-pressure pump for supplying the nozzles with high-pressure water (or other hydraulic fluid). Means are provided for driving each of the two winning machines independently of the other along a mineral face. This permits the mechanical winning machine to operate at its optimum, high speed rate without interference from the slower moving hydraulic winning machine. The pump is preferably a multiple radial-piston pump powered by an electric motor. Both electric power and water may be supplied to the hydraulic winning machine via pick-up arms on the machine and supply channels extending along the face.

Beckmann, K.; Grisebach, H.

1981-02-17

430

Gillespie Museum of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Gillespie Museum, located on the campus of Stetson University, houses an extensive rock and mineral collection, and provides visitors and students a place in which curiosity, interest and creativity can be explored. Programs are provided for families, special interest groups, and school groups. The Museum programs focus on using the educational collections to help students learn basic science skills such as observation, classification, communication, investigation and interpretation. The Museum also provides off-site outreach programs by participating in community events such as EarthFest and Earth Day celebrations, local festivals, and scouting programs. Traveling exhibits are developed for loan to other Museums, Chambers of Commerce and Rock and Mineral Clubs. In an effort to present an Earth science museum in a natural setting, a Florida Native Landscape garden has been added to the grounds. The landscape provides an opportunity for individuals to learn alternative ways in which to establish a garden without the use of excess water and pesticides.

2010-11-16

431

Silicosis in barium miners.  

PubMed Central

Four men who mined barytes in Scotland and who developed pneumoconiosis are described. Three developed progressive massive fibrosis, from which two died; and one developed a nodular simple pneumoconiosis after leaving the industry. The radiological and pathological features of the men's lungs were those of silicosis and high proportions of quartz were found in two of them post mortem. The quartz was inhaled from rocks associated with the barytes in the mines. The features of silicosis in barium miners are contrasted with the benign pneumoconiosis, baritosis, that occurs in workers exposed to crushed and ground insoluble barium salts. Diagnostic difficulties arise when silicosis develops in workers mining minerals known to cause a separate and benign pneumoconiosis. These difficulties are compounded when, as not infrequently happens, the silicotic lesions develop or progress after exposure to quartz has ceased. Images PMID:3787542

Seaton, A; Ruckley, V A; Addison, J; Brown, W R

1986-01-01

432

Taxation of mineral resources  

SciTech Connect

There has been a substantial increase in recent years in the level of taxation imposed on mining firms by state and local governments. This increase can be attributed to three factors: (1) a heightened awareness that resources are limited in quantity; (2) environmental damage resulting from mining operations has brought demands for just compensations; and (3) significant price increases for some minerals have often been viewed by states as an opportunity to collect additional tax revenue. The broad aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive economic analysis of the effects of mining taxation on the extraction of mineral resources and to offer a set of recommendations for tax policy. The primary objective of this design is to minimize the distortionary incentives created by the taxation. From a practical standpoint, however, one must also recognize the degrees of difficulty in the administration of the various taxes. 90 references, 1 figure, 14 tables.

Conrad, R.F.; Hool, R.B.

1980-01-01

433

The Clay Minerals Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Clay Minerals Society (CMS) is an international community of scientists who promote research in and disseminate information on clay science and technology." The website provides downloads of materials dealing with various aspects of mineralogy, geochemistry, and petrology. Researchers can find out about annual meetings, awards and grants, and publications. Students and educators can find information on teaching materials, clay science workshops, and games. The website offers physical and chemical data for Source and Special Clays.

434

Clay Mineral: Radiological Characterization  

SciTech Connect

Since the early days, clays have been used for therapeutic purposes. Nowadays, most minerals applied as anti-inflammatory, pharmaceutics and cosmetic are the clay minerals that are used as the active ingredient or, as the excipient, in formulations. Although their large use, few information is available in literature on the content of the radionuclide concentrations of uranium and thorium natural series and {sup 40}K in these clay minerals.The objective of this work is to determine the concentrations of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th, {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228}Ra, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 40}K in commercial samples of clay minerals used for pharmaceutical or cosmetic purposes. Two kinds of clays samples were obtained in pharmacies, named green clay and white clay.Measurement for the determination of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th activity concentration was made by alpha spectrometry and gamma spectrometry was used for {sup 226}Ra, {sup 228}Ra, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 40}K determination. Some physical-chemical parameters were also determined as organic carbon and pH. The average activity concentration obtained was 906{+-}340 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 40}K, 40{+-}9 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra, 75{+-}9 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 228}Ra, 197{+-}38 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 210}Pb, 51{+-}26 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 238}U and 55{+-}24 Bq kg{sup -1} for {sup 232}Th, considering both kinds of clay.

Cotomacio, J. G. [Centro Universitario Nove de Julho, R: Diamantina, 602-Vila Maria, CEP: 02117-0101, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Silva, P. S. C. [Centro de Metrologia das Radiacoes-Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes 2242-Cidade Universitaria-CEP 05508 000 Sao Paulo-Brazil (Brazil); Mazzilli, B. P

2008-08-07

435

Exploring Bone Mineral Density  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will explore two given websites to gather information on Bone Mineral Density and how it is measured. They will also learn about X-rays in general, how they work and their different uses, along with other imaging modalities. They will answer guiding questions as they explore the websites and take a short quiz after to test the knowledge they gained while reading the articles.

Vu Bioengineering Ret Program

436

Green Clay Minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Color is a problem for scientific study. One aspect is the vocabulary one used to describe color. Mint green, bottle green, and Kelly green are nice names but not of great utility in that people's physical perception of color is not always the same. In some industries, such as colored fabric manufacture, current use is to send a set of standard colors which are matched by the producer. This is similar to the use of the Munsell color charts in geology. None of these processes makes use of physical optical spectral studies. The reason is that they are difficult to obtain and interpret. For a geologist, color is very important but we rarely have the possibility to standardize the method of our color perception. One reason is that color is both a reflective and transmission phenomenon. The thickness of the sample is critical to any transmission characteristics. Hence, a field color determination is different from one made by using a petrographic microscope. Green glauconite in a hand specimen is not the same color in 30 ?m thick thin section seen with a microscope using transmitted light.A second problem is that color in a spectral identification is the result of several absorption emissions,with overlapping signal, forming a complicated spectrum. Interpretation depends very greatly on the spectrum of the light source and the conditions of transmission-reflection of the sample. As a result, for this text, we will not attempt to analyze the physical aspect of green in green clays. In the discussion which follows, reference is made concerning color, to thin section microscopic perception.Very briefly, green clay minerals are green, because they contain iron. This is perhaps not a great revelation to mineralogists, but it is the key to understanding the origin and stability of green clay minerals. In fact, iron can color minerals either red or green or in various shades of orange and brown. The color most likely depends upon the relative abundance of the iron ion valence in the silicate (clay mineral in our case) structure, the specific bonding of these ions, and other factors. In fact, the reasons for coloration are not known completely, but it is certain that a combination of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions is necessary to give a nice green color to clays. In the green clay minerals discussed here, the colors vary greatly as seen under the optical microscope (not always the same as the one seen in hand specimen). Yellow to blue-green hues can be found. However, for the moment, no clear relation between iron content, iron valence ratio, or other factors such as minor transition element concentrations can be found to explain the greenness of green clay minerals. The fact that a clay is green just indicates a combination of the two oxidation states of iron. The color, however, indicates the key to the formation in nature of green clay minerals.Green clay minerals are in general the product of "mixed valence" conditions of formation, most often in a situation where some iron is reduced from Fe3+ and enters into a silicate mineral structure. In general, iron would rather be an oxide when it is in the trivalent state. The moment iron is reduced to a divalent state under surface or near-surface conditions, it looks for a silicate, sulfide, or carbonate to hide in. The reverse is also true, of course. When a silicate is oxidized, Fe2+ becoming Fe3+, the iron begins to group together in oxide clumps and eventually exits the silicate structure. This is seen in thin section in altered rocks (weathering or hydrothermal action). The production of trivalent, oxidized iron usually results in a brownish or orange mineral.If the geology of the formation of green silicate minerals is relatively well defined, especially at near surface or surface conditions, the question remains how much of the iron is in a reduced oxidation state and how? In the case of reduction of iron in surface environments: if most of the iron goes to Fe2+, one mineral is formed; if only part of it is reduced, another is formed. This is the fundamental geochemical aspect of

Velde, B.

2003-12-01

437

B cell dependence on and response to accessory signals in murine lupus strains  

PubMed Central

B cell hyperactivity, a feature common to all lupus-prone murine strains, may be caused by hyperresponsiveness to, overproduction of, or bypassing of certain signals required for B cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation. In this study, we have compared the responses of B cells from three lupus-prone strains of mice (BXSB males, MRL and NZB/W females) and normal strains in a number of assays for which two or more signals are required to obtain a response. In medium to low density cultures of B cells from BXSB and NZB/W but not MRL/l lupus mice, the cells' proliferation induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or anti-mu antibody was much higher than that of B cells from normal controls. At low B cell density, polyclonal activation by these substances and subsequent Ig secretion were dependent on accessory signals present in supernatants of concanavalin A-treated normal lymphocytes (CAS) or on the MRL/l proliferating T cell- derived B cell differentiation factor (L-BCDF) in both lupus-prone and immunologically normal mice. However, the responses of B cells from BXSB and NZB/W, but not MRL/l, mice to these accessory signals were higher than those of normal mice. Ig synthesis by fresh B cells of BXSB and NZB/W mice cultured in the absence of mitogens but in the presence of CAS or L-BCDF was higher than by similar cells from other strains, suggesting an increased frequency of B cells activated in vivo in these two autoimmune strains of mice. The patterns of IgG subclass secretion in response to LPS (without added CAS or L-BCDF) were abnormal in all lupus strains, with a predominance of IgG2b and/or IgG2a and low levels of IgG3, contrary to normal B cells for which IgG3 synthesis predominated. However, IgG1 synthesis in vitro by autoimmune and normal B cells alike was highly dependent on T cell-derived soluble mediators. Antigen-specific responses to SRBC in vitro of B cells from all lupus strains, like those of B cells from normal strains, required a minimum of three signals (antigen, LPS, T cell-derived antigen nonspecific helper factors). Yet, once triggered, B cells of BXSB and NZB/W mice gave higher responses than those of the other strains. We conclude that B cells of lupus mice have signal requirements similar to those of normal mice. Nevertheless, B cells of BXSB and NZB/W, but not MRL/l, lupus mice hyperrespond or process some accessory signals abnormally. PMID:6406639

1983-01-01

438

43 CFR 3815.1 - Mineral locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Mineral locations. 3815.1 Section 3815.1...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LANDS AND MINERALS SUBJECT TO LOCATION Mineral Locations...

2011-10-01

439

43 CFR 3816.1 - Mineral locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Mineral locations. 3816.1 Section 3816.1...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LANDS AND MINERALS SUBJECT TO LOCATION Mineral Locations...

2011-10-01

440

Physical, chemical, and mineral properties of the Polonnaruwa stones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the physical, chemical and mineral properties of a series of stone fragments recovered from the North Central Province of Sri Lanka following a witnessed fireball event on 29 December 2012. The stones exhibit highly porous poikilitic textures comprising of isotropic silica-rich/plagioclase-like hosts. Inclusions range in size and shape from mm-sized to smaller subangular grains frequently more fractured than the surrounding host and include ilmenite, olivine (fayalitic), quartz and accessory zircon. Bulk mineral compositions include accessory cristobalite, hercynite, anorthite, wuestite, albite, anorthoclase and the high pressure olivine polymorph wadsleyite, suggesting previous endurance of a shock pressure of ~20 GPa. Further evidence of shock is confirmed by the conversion of all plagioclase to maskelynite. Here the infrared absorption spectra in the region 580 cm-1 to 380 cm-1 due to the Si-O-Si or Si-O-Al absorption band shows a partial shift in the peak at 380 cm-1 towards 480 cm-1 indicating an intermediate position between crystalline and amorphous phase. Host matrix chemical compositions vary between samples, but all are rich in SiO2. Silica-rich melts display a heterogeneous K-enrichment comparable to that reported in a range of non-terrestrial material from rare iron meteorites to LL chondritic breccias and Lunar granites. Bulk chemical compositions of plagioclase-like samples are comparable to reported data e.g. Miller Ranger 05035 (Lunar), while Si-rich samples accord well with mafic and felsic glasses reported in NWA 1664 (Howardite) as well as data for fusion crust present in a variety of meteoritic samples. Triple oxygen isotope results show ?17O = -0.335 with ?18O (‰ rel. SMOW) values of 17.816 +/- 0.100 and compare well with those of known CI chondrites and are within the range of CI-like (Meta-C) chondrites. Rare earth elemental abundances show a profound Europium anomaly of between 0.7 and 0.9 ppm while CI normalized REE patterns accord well with those of high potassium and high aluminium glasses found in lunar and 4 Vesta samples. Twoelement discrimination maps of FeO vs SiO2, FeO vs TiO2, FeO vs Al2O3 and FeO vs Na2O similarly match those of impact glasses present in lunar samples and remain within relatively close proximity of the KREEP component. Iridium levels of between 1-7ppm, approximately 104 times that of terrestrial crustal rocks, were detected in all samples.

Wallis, Jamie; Wickramasinghe, N. C.; Wallis, Daryl H.; Miyake, Nori; Wallis, M. K.; Hoover, Richard B.; Samaranayake, Anil; Wickramarathne, Keerthi; Oldroyd, Anthony

2013-09-01

441

Systems genetics of mineral metabolism.  

PubMed

Minerals are essential and toxic elements that have an impact on human health. Although we have learned a tremendous amount about the metabolism, biological roles, and health effects of minerals with the tools of biochemistry, cell biology, and molecular genetics, there are gaps in our knowledge of mineral biology that will benefit from new approaches. Forward genetics, whereby variations in phenotypes are mapped to natural genetic variation in the genome, has been successfully used to increase our understanding of many biologically important traits but has not yet been used extensively for mineral metabolism. In addition, the well-appreciated existence of interactions between minerals justifies a broader, systems approach to the study of mineral metabolism, i.e., ionomics. This short review will explain the value of forward genetics and ionomics as tools for exploring mammalian mineral metabolism. PMID:21270371

Fleet, James C; Replogle, Rebecca; Salt, David E

2011-03-01

442

Spiral CT During Selective Accessory Renal Artery Angiography: Assessment of Vascular Territory Before Aortic Stent-Grafting  

SciTech Connect

We evaluated the vascular territory of accessory renal arteries in cases where the vessel might be overlapped by an aortic stent-graft. Spiral CT during selective accessory renal artery angiography was performed in four patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (including one with a horseshoe kidney). The volume of the vascular territory of each renal artery was measured using a software program provided by the CT unit manufacturer. The supernumerary renal arteries perfused 32%, 37%, 15%, and 16% of the total renal mass, respectively. In two patients, stent-grafts were implanted, which resulted in occlusion of the supernumerary renal artery. The volume of the renal infarction was equal to the volume perfused by the artery as calculated before implantation of the stent-graft.The method proposed is accurate for estimating the size of the expected renal infarction. It might help to determine whether placement of a stent-graft is acceptable.

Dorffner, Roland; Thurnher, Siegfried; Prokesch, Rupert; Youssefzadeh, Soraya [Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Hoelzenbein, Thomas [Department of Vascular Surgery, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Lammer, Johannes [Department of Radiology, University of Vienna, AKH, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

1998-03-15

443

Optokinetic nystagmus in the pigeon ( Columba livia ) II. Role of the pretectal nucleus of the accessory optic system (AOS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In birds, the accessory optic system (AOS) includes two nuclei: the nucleus ectomamillaris (nEM) and the pretectal nucleus superficialis synencephali (nSS). The role of the nSS in the production of a horizontal optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) was studied in the pigeon, by comparing the OKN before and after a unilateral lesion of this nucleus. The lesions were performed either by electrolysis

H. Gioanni; J. Rey; J. Villalobos; D. Richard; A. Dalbera

1983-01-01

444

Accessory sperm as an indication of fertilizing ability of rabbit spermatozoa frozen in egg yolk-acetamide with detergent.  

PubMed

Many factors besides initial semen quality affect fertilization rates as sperm interact with the environment of the female reproductive tract. One of these factors is sperm transport, which can be evaluated by accessory sperm counts. Dutch rabbits were used to test the effects on sperm transport, fertilization, and production of young when sodium and triethanolamine lauryl sulfate (STLS) detergent was added to a medium for sperm cryopreservation. When STLS was added in 10 concentrations ranging from 0% to 2.0% (vol/vol) to an egg yolk-acetamide semen extender, optimal post-thaw motility of rabbit sperm occurred when 0.2% to 0.7% STLS was included. However, when 0%, 0.2%, and 0.7% STLS was included to cryopreserve sperm used for insemination, the fertilization rates were 95%, 68%, and 75%, and the corresponding mean numbers of accessory sperm per embryo were 13.1, 1.7, and 0.4 (P < .05). In another experiment, increasing the acetamide concentration from 0.75 M to 1.25 M decreased fertilization rates from 66% to 35%, and was associated with 4.5 and 0.6 accessory sperm per embryo (P < .05). In the final experiment, 48 does inseminated with sperm cryopreserved with 0%, 0.35%, and 0.70% STLS were allowed to produce young. Corresponding pregnancy rates were 56%, 56%, and 31% (P < .05), and litter sizes were 5.6, 4.1, and 4.2 (P > .05). In these studies, low concentrations of STLS improved motility of frozen-thawed sperm, but fertilization and pregnancy rates were reduced. Sperm transport was correspondingly reduced, and the accessory sperm count provided a reliable measure of the effect of STLS on fertility in contrast to the assessment of the percentage of motile sperm. PMID:11330646

Arriola, J; Foote, R H

2001-01-01

445

HIV-1 accessory proteins VPR and Vif modulate antiviral response by targeting IRF-3 for degradation  

SciTech Connect

The activation of IRF-3 during the early stages of viral infection is critical for the initiation of the antiviral response; however the activation of IRF-3 in HIV-1 infected cells has not yet been characterized. We demonstrate that the early steps of HIV-1 infection do not lead to the activation and nuclear translocation of IRF-3; instead, the relative levels of IRF-3 protein are decreased due to the ubiquitin-associated proteosome degradation. Addressing the molecular mechanism of this effect we show that the degradation is independent of HIV-1 replication and that virion-associated accessory proteins Vif and Vpr can independently degrade IRF-3. The null mutation of these two genes reduced the capacity of the HIV-1 virus to down modulate IRF-3 levels. The degradation was associated with Vif- and Vpr-mediated ubiquitination of IRF-3 and was independent of the activation of IRF-3. N-terminal lysine residues were shown to play a critical role in the Vif- and Vpr-mediated degradation of IRF-3. These data implicate Vif and Vpr in the disruption of the initial antiviral response and point to the need of HIV-1 to circumvent the antiviral response during the very early phase of replication.

Okumura, Atsushi; Alce, Tim; Lubyova, Barbora [The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Ezelle, Heather [University of Maryland, School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Strebel, Klaus [Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892 (United States); Pitha, Paula M. [Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States); Department of Biology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21231 (United States)], E-mail: parowe@jhmi.edu

2008-03-30

446

Structural And Biological Analysis of the Metal Sites of Escherichia Coli Hydrogenase Accessory Protein  

SciTech Connect

The [NiFe]-hydrogenase protein produced by many types of bacteria contains a dinuclear metal center that is required for enzymatic activity. Assembly of this metal cluster involves the coordinated activity of a number of helper proteins including the accessory protein, HypB, which is necessary for Ni(II) incorporation into the hydrogenase proteins. The HypB protein from Escherichia coli has two metal-binding sites, a high-affinity Ni(II) site that includes ligands from the N-terminal domain and a low-affinity metal site located within the C-terminal GTPase domain. In order to determine the physiological relevance of the two separate sites, hydrogenase production was assessed in strains of E. coli expressing wild-type HypB, the isolated GTPase domain, or site-directed mutants of metal-binding residues. These experiments demonstrate that both metal sites of HypB are critical for the maturation of the hydrogenase enzymes in E. coli. X-ray absorption spectroscopy of purified proteins was used to examine the detailed coordination spheres of each nickel-loaded site. In addition, because the low-affinity metal site has a stronger preference for Zn(II) than Ni(II), the ligands and geometry for this metal were also resolved. The results from these experiments are discussed in the context of a mechanism for Ni(II) insertion into the hydrogenase protein.

Dias, A.V.; Mulvihill, C.M.; Leach, M.R.; Pickering, I.J.; George, G.N.; Zamble, D.B.

2009-05-12

447

Accessory mitral valve tissue: an unusual cause of congenital mitral stenosis  

PubMed Central

Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) is a rare congenital anomaly of endocardial cushion. Usually, it arises from the anterior mitral leaflet and causes the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We report here the first and a rarest presentation of the AMVT in a 19-year old female patient diagnosed to have double outlet right ventricle, ventricular septal defect (VSD), infundibular stenosis and congenital mitral stenosis (MS). She presented with a history of shortness of breath and chest pain over 3 years. Diagnosis was made by chest X-ray, transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography, which was confirmed by cardiac catheterization, and angiography. A successful closure of the VSD with excision of the right ventricular bundle and excision of the AMVT was done. Post-operative course was uneventful and an echocardiogram before the discharge showed no residual shunt, no right ventricular outflow gradient or mitral regurgitation, and the gradient across the mitral valve was 5/3 mmHg. We emphasize that, although AMVT commonly produces left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, it should be considered a rare but an important cause of congenital MS. PMID:22108926

Rao, Nageswar; Gajjar, Trushar; Desai, Neelam

2012-01-01

448

Accessory mitral valve tissue: an unusual cause of congenital mitral stenosis.  

PubMed

Accessory mitral valve tissue (AMVT) is a rare congenital anomaly of endocardial cushion. Usually, it arises from the anterior mitral leaflet and causes the left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We report here the first and a rarest presentation of the AMVT in a 19-year old female patient diagnosed to have double outlet right ventricle, ventricular septal defect (VSD), infundibular stenosis and congenital mitral stenosis (MS). She presented with a history of shortness of breath and chest pain over 3 years. Diagnosis was made by chest X-ray, transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography, which was confirmed by cardiac catheterization, and angiography. A successful closure of the VSD with excision of the right ventricular bundle and excision of the AMVT was done. Post-operative course was uneventful and an echocardiogram before the discharge showed no residual shunt, no right ventricular outflow gradient or mitral regurgitation, and the gradient across the mitral valve was 5/3 mmHg. We emphasize that, although AMVT commonly produces left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, it should be considered a rare but an important cause of congenital MS. PMID:22108926

Rao, Nageswar; Gajjar, Trushar; Desai, Neelam

2012-01-01

449

Accessory lymph sacs and body fluid partitioning in the lizard, Sauromalus hispidus.  

PubMed

Chuckwalla lizards (genus Sauromalus) may accumulate substantial quantities of body fluid in extracoelomic, lateral abdominal spaces called accessory lymph sacs. The lymph sac fluid (LSF) of S. hispidus is similar to that of serum in Na+, K+ and Cl- concentrations, but the total protein content (3.58 +/- 0.20 g dl-1) is only half that measured in serum (7.05 +/- 0.26 g dl-1). These analyses confirm that LSF is an extravascular form of extracellular fluid, similar in composition to true lymph. Measurements of body fluid partitioning by dilution analysis indicate that Sauromalus hispidus Stejnejer possesses a comparatively large (38.9% body mass) and labile extracellular fluid volume (ECFV), and that the volume of LSF is dependent on the ECFV. Expansion of the ECFV (and subsequent accumulation of LSF) is observed following large, intercompartmental fluid shifts from intracellular to extracellular locations when lizards are kept inactive in simulated hibernation, are injected with KCl in amounts similar to those found in their field diet, and are hydrated with NaCl that is isotonic to their body fluids. These data collectively suggest that the lymph sacs of chuckwallas facilitate expansion of the ECFV, and may be adaptive not only as a means to store body water, but to accommodate transient shifts in body fluid from intracellular to extracellular locations. PMID:3958676

Smits, A W

1986-03-01

450

Brain-specific interleukin-1 receptor accessory protein in sleep regulation.  

PubMed

Interleukin (IL)-1? is involved in several brain functions, including sleep regulation. It promotes non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep via the IL-1 type I receptor. IL-1?/IL-1 receptor complex signaling requires adaptor proteins, e.g., the IL-1 receptor brain-specific accessory protein (AcPb). We have cloned and characterized rat AcPb, which shares substantial homologies with mouse AcPb and, compared with AcP, is preferentially expressed in the brain. Furthermore, rat somatosensory cortex AcPb mRNA varied across the day with sleep propensity, increased after sleep deprivation, and was induced by somnogenic doses of IL-1?. Duration of NREM sleep was slightly shorter and duration of REM sleep was slightly longer in AcPb knockout than wild-type mice. In response to lipopolysaccharide, which is used to induce IL-1?, sleep responses were exaggerated in AcPb knockout mice, suggesting that, in normal mice, inflammation-mediated sleep responses are attenuated by AcPb. We conclude that AcPb has a role in sleep responses to inflammatory stimuli and, possibly, in physiological sleep regulation. PMID:22174404

Taishi, Ping; Davis, Christopher J; Bayomy, Omar; Zielinski, Mark R; Liao, Fan; Clinton, James M; Smith, Dirk E; Krueger, James M

2012-03-01

451

Laa1p, a Conserved AP-1 Accessory Protein Important for AP-1 Localization in Yeast  

PubMed Central

AP-1 and Gga adaptors participate in clathrin-mediated protein transport between the trans-Golgi network and endosomes. Both adaptors contain homologous domains that act to recruit accessory proteins involved in clathrin-coated vesicle formation, but the spectrum of known adaptor-binding partners is limited. This study describes an evolutionarily conserved protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Laa1p (Yjl207cp), that interacts and functions specifically with AP-1. Deletion of LAA1, when combined with a conditional mutation in clathrin heavy chain or deletion of GGA genes, accentuated growth defects and increased disruption of clathrin-dependent ?-factor maturation and transport of carboxypeptidase Y to the vacuole. In contrast, such genetic interactions were not observed between deletions of LAA1 and AP-1 subunit genes. Laa1p preferentially interacted with AP-1 compared with Gga proteins by glutathione S-transferase-fusion affinity binding and coimmunoprecipitations. Localization of AP-1 and Laa1p, but not Gga proteins, was highly sensitive to brefeldin A, an inhibitor of ADP-ribosylation factor (Arf) activation. Importantly, deletion of LAA1 caused mislocalization of AP-1, especially in cells at high density (postdiauxic shift), but it did not affect Gga protein distribution. Our results identify Laa1p as a new determinant of AP-1 localization, suggesting a model in which Laa1p and Arf cooperate to direct stable association of AP-1 with appropriate intracellular membranes. PMID:16687571

Fernandez, G. Esteban

2006-01-01

452

A Novel Accessory Molecule Trim59 Involved in Cytotoxicity of BCG-Activated Macrophages  

PubMed Central

BCG-activated macrophages (BAM) could kill the tumor cells through cell-cell contact. In this process membrane proteins play an important role. However, up to date, few membrane proteins were revealed. In this study, we selected a surface molecule named Trim59, which was specifically expressed on BAM membrane (compared with the negative control). We cloned and prokaryoticly expressed the extracellular domain of Trim59, purified the recombinant protein and generated polyclonal antibodies. Immunohistochemistry showed that Trim59 abundantly expressed in spleen, stomach and ovary; intermediately expressed in brain, lung, kidney, muscle and intestine; but not in thymus, liver, heart, uterus. Using the antibodies to block Trim59 on BAM significantly reduced BAM cytotoxicity against MCA207 cells. This demonstrated that Trim59 serves as an indispensable molecule in maintaining BAM activity. Overexpression of Trim59 in Raw264.7 cell line failed to lyse target MCA207 cells, which potentiated Trim59 per se could not enhance macrophage cytotoxicity; on another hand, overexpression of Trim59 enhance the pinocytosis and Phagocytosis activity of Raw-264.7, which imply Trim59 might mediate the cell-molecule interaction. Our results indicate Trim59 might be an essential accessory molecule in mediating BAM tumoricidal functions; and Trim59 is a phagocytosis-correlated molecule. PMID:22949172

Zhao, Xiangfeng; Liu, Qihui; Du, Baiqiu; Li, Peng; Cui, Qu; Han, Xiao; Du, Bairong; Yan, Dongmei; Zhu, Xun

2012-01-01

453

Subcellular Localization of the Bovine Leukemia Virus R3 and G4 Accessory Proteins  

PubMed Central

Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) is a complex retrovirus that belongs to the Deltaretrovirus genus, which also includes Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1). Both viruses contain an X region coding for at least four proteins: Tax and Rex, which are involved in transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation, respectively, and the accessory proteins R3 and G4 (for BLV) and p12I, p13II, and p30II (for HTLV-1). The present study was aimed at characterizing the subcellular localization of BLV R3 and G4. The results of immunofluorescence experiments on transfected HeLa Tat cells demonstrated that R3 is located in the nucleus and in cellular membranes, as previously reported for HTLV-1 p12I. In contrast, G4, like p13II, is localized both in the nucleus and in mitochondria. In addition, we have shown that G4 harbors a mitochondrial targeting signal consisting of a hydrophobic region and an amphipathic ?-helix. Thus, despite a lack of significant primary sequence homology, R3 and p12I and G4 and p13II exhibit similar targeting properties, suggesting possible overlap in their functional properties. PMID:12097596

Lefebvre, Laurent; Ciminale, Vincenzo; Vanderplasschen, Alain; D'Agostino, Donna; Burny, Arsene; Willems, Luc; Kettmann, Richard

2002-01-01

454

Male accessory gland inflammation prevalence in type 2 diabetic patients with symptoms possibly reflecting autonomic neuropathy  

PubMed Central

Male accessory gland inflammation or infection (MAGI) is a potentially underdiagnosed complication of type 2 diabetes (DM2); specifically, we reported in a recent study that the frequency of MAGI was 43% among DM2 patients. In previous studies, we have demonstrated that diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is associated with a peculiar ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles (SVs) in DM2 patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of MAGI in two different categories of DM2 patients (i.e. patients with and without symptoms that possibly reflect DAN) and the respective ultrasound characterizations. Sixty DM2 patients with a mean (± s.e.m.) age of 42.0 ± 6.0 years (range: 34–47 years) were classified according to the presence or the absence of symptoms that could possibly reflect DAN (group A: DM2 with symptoms possibly reflecting DAN, n = 28 patients and group B: DM2 without symptoms possibly reflecting DAN, n = 32 patients). The patients in Group A exhibited a significantly higher frequency of MAGI compared with those in group B patients (P < 0.05); moreover, the Group A patients exhibited a significantly higher frequency of ultrasound signs suggestive of vesiculitis (P < 0.05). Finally, the concentrations of lymphocytes but not the concentrations of the leukocytes in the semen were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in group A compared with group B. PMID:24799635

Condorelli, Rosita A; Vicari, Enzo; Calogero, Aldo E; La Vignera, Sandro

2014-01-01

455

Regucalcin Expression in Bovine Tissues and Its Regulation by Sex Steroid Hormones in Accessory Sex Glands  

PubMed Central

Regucalcin (RGN) is a mammalian Ca2+-binding protein that plays an important role in intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis. Recently, RGN has been identified as a target gene for sex steroid hormones in the prostate glands and testis of rats and humans, but no studies have focused on RGN expression in bovine tissues. Thus, in the present study, we examined RGN mRNA and protein expression in the different tissues and organs of veal calves and beef cattle. Moreover, we investigated whether RGN expression is controlled through sex steroid hormones in bovine target tissues, namely the bulbo-urethral and prostate glands and the testis. Sex steroid hormones are still illegally used in bovine husbandry to increase muscle mass. The screening of the regulation and function of anabolic sex steroids via modified gene expression levels in various tissues represents a new approach for the detection of illicit drug treatments. Herein, we used quantitative PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry analyses to demonstrate RGN mRNA and protein expression in bovine tissues. In addition, estrogen administration down-regulated RGN gene expression in the accessory sex glands of veal calves and beef cattle, while androgen treatment reduced RGN gene expression only in the testis. The confirmation of the regulation of RGN gene expression through sex steroid hormones might facilitate the potential detection of hormone abuse in bovine husbandry. Particularly, the specific response in the testis suggests that this tissue is ideal for the detection of illicit androgen administration in veal calves and beef cattle. PMID:25415588

Starvaggi Cucuzza, Laura; Divari, Sara; Mulasso, Chiara; Biolatti, Bartolomeo; Cannizzo, Francesca T.

2014-01-01

456

Male accessory gland substances from Aedes albopictus affect the locomotor activity of Aedes aegypti females  

PubMed Central

Dengue is one of the world’s most important mosquito-borne diseases and is usually transmitted by one of two vector species: Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus . These two diurnal mosquitoes are frequently found coexisting in similar habitats, enabling interactions between adults, such as cross-mating. The objective of this study was to assess cross-mating between Ae. aegypti females and Ae. albopictus males under artificial conditions and evaluate the locomotor activity of Ae. aegypti virgin females injected with male accessory gland (MAG) homogenates to infer the physiological and behavioural responses to interspecific mating. After seven days of exposure, 3.3-16% of Ae. aegypti females mated with Ae. albopictus males. Virgin Ae. aegypti females injected with conspecific and heterospecific MAGs showed a general decrease in locomotor activity compared to controls and were refractory to mating with conspecific males. The reduction in diurnal locomotor activity induced by injections of conspecific or heterospecific MAGs is consistent with regulation of female reproductive activities by male substances, which are capable of sterilising female Ae. aegypti through satyrisation by Ae. albopictus . PMID:24473799

Lima-Camara, Tamara Nunes; Codeco, Claudia Torres; Honorio, Nildimar Alves; Bruno, Rafaela Vieira; Peixoto, Alexandre Afranio; Lounibos, Leon Philip

2013-01-01

457

Newborn Interneurons in the Accessory Olfactory Bulb Promote Mate Recognition in Female Mice  

PubMed Central

In the olfactory bulb of adult rodents, local interneurons are constantly replaced by immature precursors derived from the subventricular zone. Whether any olfactory sensory process specifically relies on this cell renewal remains largely unclear. By using the well known model of mating-induced imprinting to avoid pregnancy block, which requires accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) function, we demonstrate that this olfactory memory formation critically depends on the presence of newborn granule neurons in this brain region. We show that, in adult female mice, exposure to the male urine compounds involved in mate recognition increases the number of new granule cells surviving in the AOB. This process is modulated by male signals sensed through the vomeronasal organ and, in turn, changes the activity of the downstream amygdaloid and hypothalamic nuclei involved in the pregnancy block response. Chemical depletion of newly generated bulbar interneurons causes strong impairment in mate recognition, thus resulting in a high pregnancy failure rate to familiar mating male odors. Taken together, our results indicate that adult neurogenesis is essential for specific brain functions such as persistent odor learning and mate recognition. PMID:21994486

Oboti, Livio; Schellino, Roberta; Giachino, Claudio; Chamero, Pablo; Pyrski, Martina; Leinders-Zufall, Trese; Zufall, Frank; Fasolo, Aldo; Peretto, Paolo

2011-01-01

458

A novel accessory role of neutrophils in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis.  

PubMed

Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis has been investigated as a model of T cell-mediated liver injury, in which IFN-gamma plays an essential role by inducing apoptosis of liver cells. Since a large number of neutrophils infiltrate into the liver in the model, the role of neutrophils was investigated in this study. Con A hardly caused liver injury in neutrophil-depleted mice, as assessed as to the plasma alanine aminotransferase level as well as histochemistry. Neutrophil-depleted mice also failed to produce IFN-gamma. Intracellular IFN-gamma staining revealed that, among liver leukocytes, T and NK cells but not neutrophils are the main producers of IFN-gamma. Nylon wool-purified "T cells", however, failed to produce IFN-gamma in response to Con A in vitro, while the production was restored by the addition of neutrophils. Overall, this study suggests that neutrophils play a novel accessory role in IFN-gamma production in Con A-induced hepatitis. PMID:15893298

Hatada, Sachiyo; Ohta, Toshie; Shiratsuchi, Yoshiko; Hatano, Masayo; Kobayashi, Yoshiro

2005-01-01

459

Epithelioid Myoepithelioma of the Accessory Parotid Gland: Pathological and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings  

PubMed Central

Tumors of the accessory parotid gland (APG) are rare, and pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign APG tumor subtype. Myoepithelioma of the APG is much rarer than PA, and to date, only 5 cases have been sporadically reported in the English literature. We describe the clinicopathological and MRI findings of an epithelioid myoepithelioma of the APG that was treated in our hospital. The patient's only clinical symptom was a slow-growing and painless mid-cheek mass. The tumor was suspected to be PA before surgery based on the following MRI findings: (1) a well-circumscribed and lobulated contour, (2) isointensity and hyperintensity relative to the muscle on T1- and T2-weighted images (WIs), respectively, (3) good enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-WIs, (4) peripheral hypointensity on T2-WIs, and (5) a gradual time-signal intensity curve enhancement pattern on gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MRI. The tumor was completely resected via a standard parotidectomy approach, and the postoperative pathological examination of the tumor, including immunohistochemistry, confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid myoepithelioma. As it is hardly possible to distinguish myoepithelioma from PA and low-grade malignant tumors preoperatively, a pathological examination using frozen sections is helpful for surgical strategy-related decisions. PMID:24932173

Iguchi, Hiroyoshi; Yamada, Kei; Yamane, Hideo; Hashimoto, Shigeo

2014-01-01

460

Epithelioid myoepithelioma of the accessory parotid gland: pathological and magnetic resonance imaging findings.  

PubMed

Tumors of the accessory parotid gland (APG) are rare, and pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign APG tumor subtype. Myoepithelioma of the APG is much rarer than PA, and to date, only 5 cases have been sporadically reported in the English literature. We describe the clinicopathological and MRI findings of an epithelioid myoepithelioma of the APG that was treated in our hospital. The patient's only clinical symptom was a slow-growing and painless mid-cheek mass. The tumor was suspected to be PA before surgery based on the following MRI findings: (1) a well-circumscribed and lobulated contour, (2) isointensity and hyperintensity relative to the muscle on T1- and T2-weighted images (WIs), respectively, (3) good enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-WIs, (4) peripheral hypointensity on T2-WIs, and (5) a gradual time-signal intensity curve enhancement pattern on gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MRI. The tumor was completely resected via a standard parotidectomy approach, and the postoperative pathological examination of the tumor, including immunohistochemistry, confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid myoepithelioma. As it is hardly possible to distinguish myoepithelioma from PA and low-grade malignant tumors preoperatively, a pathological examination using frozen sections is helpful for surgical strategy-related decisions. PMID:24932173

Iguchi, Hiroyoshi; Yamada, Kei; Yamane, Hideo; Hashimoto, Shigeo

2014-05-01

461

Induction of rainbow trout MH class I and accessory proteins by viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus.  

PubMed

Major histocompatibility (MH) class I receptors are glycoproteins which play a critical role during responses to intracellular pathogens by presenting endogenous peptides to cytotoxic T cell lymphocytes (CD8+). To date, little is known about MH class I regulation at the protein level during viral infections in fish. In this study, we characterised the MH class I pathway response to polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly I:C) and upon infection with viral haemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) genotype IVa using the rainbow trout monocyte/macrophage cell line RTS11. A 14-day challenge with VHSV IVa at 14°C demonstrated enhanced expression of the class I heavy chain, ?2 microglobulin (?2M) and tapasin, while the expression of other accessory molecules ERp57 and calreticulin remained unchanged. However, when infection occurred at 2°C no change in expression levels of any of these molecules was observed. ?2M accumulated in the media of RTS11 over time, however the ?2M concentrations were 2 fold higher in cultures infected with VHSV 14 days post infection. Strikingly, when cells were maintained at 2°C the secretion of ?2M was significantly reduced in both infected and non-infected cultures. These results indicate that VHSV infection alters the kinetics of ?2M release as well as the expression of MH class I and suggests that cellular immunity against VHSV can be compromised at low temperatures which may increase host susceptibility to this virus during the winter. PMID:24607971

Sever, Lital; Vo, Nguyen T K; Lumsden, John; Bols, Niels C; Dixon, Brian

2014-06-01

462

Transcriptional activation of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein by PPAR? in adipocytes  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •MRAP enhanced HSL expression. •ACTH-mediated MRAP reduced glycerol release. •PPAR? induced MRAP expression. •PPAR? bound to the MRAP promoter. -- Abstract: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in rodents decreases lipid accumulation and body weight. Melanocortin receptor 2 (MC2R) and MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) are specific receptors for ACTH in adipocytes. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) plays a role in the transcriptional regulation of metabolic pathways such as adipogenesis and ?-oxidation of fatty acids. In this study we investigated the transcriptional regulation of MRAP expression during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Stimulation with ACTH affected lipolysis in murine mature adipocytes via MRAP. Putative peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) was identified in the MRAP promoter region. In chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter assays, we observed binding of PPAR? to the MRAP promoter. The mutagenesis experiments showed that the ?1209/?1198 region of the MRAP promoter could function as a PPRE site. These results suggest that PPAR? is required for transcriptional activation of the MRAP gene during adipogenesis, which contributes to understanding of the molecular mechanism of lipolysis in adipocytes.

Kim, Nam Soo; Kim, Yoon-Jin [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Si Young [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of)] [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Tae Ryong, E-mail: trlee@amorepacific.com [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Hoon, E-mail: shkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-27

463

Male accessory gland inflammation prevalence in type 2 diabetic patients with symptoms possibly reflecting autonomic neuropathy.  

PubMed

Male accessory gland inflammation or infection (MAGI) is a potentially underdiagnosed complication of type 2 diabetes (DM2); specifically, we reported in a recent study that the frequency of MAGI was 43% among DM2 patients. In previous studies, we have demonstrated that diabetic autonomic neuropathy (DAN) is associated with a peculiar ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles (SVs) in DM2 patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the frequency of MAGI in two different categories of DM2 patients (i.e. patients with and without symptoms that possibly reflect DAN) and the respective ultrasound characterizations. Sixty DM2 patients with a mean (± s.e.m.) age of 42.0 ± 6.0 years (range: 34-47 years) were classified according to the presence or the absence of symptoms that could possibly reflect DAN (group A: DM2 with symptoms possibly reflecting DAN, n = 28 patients and group B: DM2 without symptoms possibly reflecting DAN, n = 32 patients). The patients in Group A exhibited a significantly higher frequency of MAGI compared with those in group B patients (P < 0.05); moreover, the Group A patients exhibited a significantly higher frequency of ultrasound signs suggestive of vesiculitis (P < 0.05). Finally, the concentrations of lymphocytes but not the concentrations of the leukocytes in the semen were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in group A compared with group B. PMID:24799635

Condorelli, Rosita A; Vicari, Enzo; Calogero, Aldo E; La Vignera, Sandro

2014-01-01

464

Alkaline pH decreases expression of the accessory gene regulator (agr) in Staphylococcus aureus.  

PubMed Central

The effect of alkaline pH on expression of the accessory gene regulator (agr) in Staphylococcus aureus was examined. agr, a global regulator, affects the expression of numerous exoproteins, including alpha-hemolysin, toxic shock syndrome toxin 1, protein A, and staphylococcal enterotoxins types B, C, and D. agr contains two major, divergent transcripts, designated RNAII and RNAIII. In this study, the level of RNAIII was used to monitor agr expression because this transcript and/or its protein product(s) appears to be responsible for altering target gene expression. S. aureus FRI1230 and its Agr- derivative were examined in a fermentor system which allowed batch cultures to be maintained at a constant pH. FRI1230 cultures were grown at pH 6.5, 7.0, 7.5, and 8.0. Northern (RNA blot) analysis of samples revealed that maximal agr expression occurred at pH 7.0, with virtually no RNAIII observed at pH 8.0. The effect of alkaline pH on an agr target gene, sec, was also evaluated. sec expression was reduced at alkaline pH in strain FRI1230 (Agr+) but not in its Agr- derivative, indicating that an intact agr allele is required for the pH effect on sec. Examination of batch cultures under conditions of nonmaintained pH gave results that were also consistent with a role for alkaline pH in repressing agr expression. Images PMID:1629166

Regassa, L B; Betley, M J

1992-01-01

465

Efficient transduction of myeloid cells by a lentiviral vector that packages the Vpx accessory protein  

PubMed Central

Lentiviral vectors are widely used for the stable expression of genes and shRNA-mediated knockdown and are currently under development for clinical use in gene therapy. Pseudotyping of the vectors with VSV-G allows them to infect a wide range of cell-types. However, myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells and macrophages are relatively refractory to lentiviral vector transduction as a result of the myeloid-specific restriction factor, SAMHD1. SIVmac/HIV-2 and related viruses relieve the SAMHD1-mediated restriction by encoding Vpx, a virion-packaged accessory protein that induces the degradation of SAMHD1 upon infection. HIV-1 does not encode Vpx and cannot package the protein. We report the development of an HIV-1-based lentiviral vector in which the Vpx packaging motif has been placed in the p6 region of the Gag/Pol expression vector that is used to generate the lentiviral vector virions. The virions package Vpx in high copy number and infect myeloid cells with a two-log increase in titer. Transduction of dentritic cells with an shRNA against transportin-3 resulted in >90% knock-down of the encoding mRNA. The system can be applied to any HIV-based lentiviral vector and is useful for laboratory and clinical applications where the efficient transduction of myeloid cells is required. PMID:22895508

Bobadilla, Susanne; Sunseri, Nicole; Landau, Nathaniel R.

2014-01-01

466

The efferent connections of the olfactory bulb and accessory olfactory bulb in the snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis and Thamnophis radix.  

PubMed

The efferent connections of the olfactory bulb and accessory olfactory bulb of two species of garter snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis and T. radix were studied with experimental anterograde degeneration techniques. Axons of cells located in the olfactory bulb terminate ipsilaterally in all parts of the anterior olfactory nucleus, olfactory tubercle and lateral pallium. In addition, some axons enter the ipsilateral stria medullaris thalami, cross the midline in the habenular commissure, enter the contralateral stria medullaris thalami and terminate in the contralateral lateral pallium. The axons of cells in the accessory olfactory bulb course through the telencephalon completely separated from the fibers of olfactory bulb origin and terminate predominantly in the nucleus sphericus. These results confirm previous reports of the separation between the central projections of the olfactory and vomeronasal systems in a variety of vertebrates. The totality of the separation between these two systems coupled with the extensive development of the vomeronasal-accessory bulb system in these snakes suggests that they may be ideal subjects for further research on the functional significance of the vomeronasal system. PMID:994189

Halpern, M

1976-10-01

467

Congenital tri-cavernous hemangiomas of the right buccal region, right accessory parotid gland, and masseter muscle region.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of congenital tri-cavernous hemangiomas of the right buccal region, right accessory parotid gland, and masseter muscle region in an adult. The patient, a 25-year-old woman, complained of 3 masses in her right midcheek. Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic findings showed an irregular-shaped mass (multiple calcifications) with a well-defined margin in the masseter muscle region, an ellipse-shaped mass (multiple calcifications) with a well-defined margin in the right buccal region, and a comma-shaped mass (no calcifications) with a well-defined margin separate from the parotid gland in the right accessory parotid gland region. These iconographic findings suggested that the masses were all hemangiomas separately originating from the parotid gland, accessory parotid gland, and masseter muscle. The masses were completely removed through a standard parotid incision without postoperative facial palsy, skin deformity, and difficulty in secreting saliva. Findings from histologic examination of the tumor revealed multiple, thin-walled, and dilated blood vessels, confirming the diagnosis of cavernous hemangiomas. Ultrasonographic and computed tomographic findings were extremely useful in diagnosing the mass/masses as hemangioma before surgery, clarifying relationships between the mass and adjacent structures, and determining the surgical approach to the mass/masses. PMID:24621721

Yang, Tao; Gu, Yongchun; Zhang, Li; Hua, Zequan

2014-03-01

468

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page offers a simple illustrated guide to the three rock types- igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic; and the most common rock-forming mineral groups: quartz, plagioclase feldspars, potassium feldspars, micas, amphiboles, olivine, and calcite. The rock types include extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks, clastic, biologic, and chemical sedimentary rocks, and both foliated and non-foliated metamorphic rocks. A section is included on naming igneous rocks. The igneous rocks tuff and basalt are also discussed, as is sediment. Users are directed to related resources and may print out a simplified rock classification chart.

469

Hearing protection for miners  

SciTech Connect

A NIOSH analysis showed that at age 50 approximately 90% of coal miners have a hearing impairment, yet noise included hearing loss is 100% preventable. The article discusses requirements of the MSHA regulations, 30 CFR Part 62 - occupational noise exposure (2000) and a 2008-MSHA document describing technologically achievable and promising controls for several types of mining machinery. Hearing protection is still required for exposure to greater than 90 dBA. These are now commercially available ways to determine how much attenuation an individual gets from a given hearing protector, known as 'fit testing'. 3 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab., 1 photo.

Schulz, T. [Sperian Hearing Protection (United States)

2008-10-15

470

Mineral Requirements of Sheep.  

E-print Network

TEXAS Al A31 5-81 &6m LTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION BULLETIN NO. 232 AUGUST, 1918 -- DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY MINERAL REQUIREMENTS OF SHEEP B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR OOUEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAIS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION... B YOUNGBLOOD M S Director E. 0. SIECKE, M. F., Forester in Charge; A' I3 CONNER 6 S' ?ice Director State Forester cLAS. A. FEL~E~ chief Clerk A. S. WARE. Secretary DIVISION OF PLANT BREEDING W T BRINK B. S. Execufioe Assistant in E. P. HUMBERT...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

1918-01-01

471

Mineral winning plough  

SciTech Connect

A mineral winning plough is disclosed, such as a coal plough, which has a plough body adapted to be moved to and fro alongside a mineral face on a plough guide. The plough body is provided with a pair of vertically-adjustable carriers, each of which is provided with floor cutters. The plough body is provided with setting means for raising and lowering the carriers into rest and working positions respectively. The setting means comprises a slide plate, and an intermediate member. The slide plate is mounted in an aperture in the plough body for limited movement relative thereto. The slide plate is attachable to a plough drive chain. The intermediate member forms a mechanical operative connection between the slide plate and the two carriers. The intermediate member is rotatably mounted on the plough body, and is positioned between the two carriers. The arrangement is such that movement of the slide plate relative to the plough body in a given direction forces one of the carriers to be lowered into its working position, and causes the other carrier to be raised into its rest position.

Hauschopp, A.; Brever, O.; Steinkuhl, B.

1983-09-13

472

Spectroscopic characterization of manganese minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Manganese minerals ardenite, alleghanyite and leucopoenicite originated from Madhya Pradesh, India, Nagano prefecture Japan, Sussex Country and Parker Shaft Franklin, Sussex Country, New Jersey respectively are used in the present work. In these minerals manganese is the major constituent and iron if present is in traces only. An EPR study of on all of the above samples confirms the presence of Mn(II) with g around 2.0. Optical absorption spectrum of the mineral alleghanyite indicates that Mn(II) is present in two different octahedral sites and in leucophoenicite Mn(II) is also in octahedral geometry. Ardenite mineral gives only a few Mn(II) bands. NIR results of the minerals ardenite, leucophoenicite and alleghanyite are due to hydroxyl and silicate anions which confirming the formulae of the minerals.

Lakshmi Reddy, S.; Padma Suvarna, K.; Udayabhaska Reddy, G.; Endo, Tamio; Frost, R. L.

2014-01-01

473

Mineral Time Capsules on Mars?  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Like dinosaur-age insects trapped in amber, biomolecules sequestered in million-year-old sulfate minerals could provide a glimpse into the past, say researchers who've recently analyzed such minerals from N orth America. The same minerals have recently been discovered on Mars , so they may be a good place to look for traces of past life on the red planet, the researchers say.

Schirber, Michael

2006-01-01

474

Microelectrophoresis of selected mineral particles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Particle mobilities of ilmenite, labradorite plagioclase, enstatite pyroxene, and olivine were measured with a Rank microelectrophoresis system to evaluate indicated mineral separability. Sodium bicarbonate buffer suspension media with and without additives (0.0001 M DTAB and 5 percent v/v ethylene glycol) were used to determine differential adsorption by mineral particles and modification of relative mobilities. Good separability between some minerals was indicated; additives did not enhance separability.

Herren, B. J.; Tipps, R. W.; Alexander, K. D.

1982-01-01

475

MICROBIOLOGY: How Bacteria Respire Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to the article is free, however registration and sign-in are required: Some bacteria respire minerals; that is, they harvest energy from minerals through using them as electron acceptors. Many details of this respiration process have remained obscure. In her Perspective, Newman highlights the study by Lower et al., who have used a customized atomic force microscope to observe bacteria during mineral respiration.

Dianne K. Newman (California Institute of Technology;Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences)

2001-05-18

476

Mineral nutrition and bone mineralization in full-term infants.  

PubMed

Bone mineralization is an intricate and tightly regulated process. Calcium, magnesium and phosphorus are the main minerals and play a principal role in skeletal mineralization. The following conclusions can be derived from different clinical studies. The large differences in Ca/P ratio between different formulas and between formulas and human milk suggest that most healthy full-term infants can adjust to a wide range of Ca/P ratio in their diet. The differences in serum levels of mineral and of mineral-regulating hormones are rarely clinically significant and most probably reflect continued compensatory mechanisms activated in response to dietary differences to maintain these levels within clinically normal ranges. Thus in most cases, these compensatory mechanisms are sufficient to reverse both short-term and long-term consequences and to prevent clinical disease. In the case of neonatal tetany, the compensatory mechanisms are overwhelmed, resulting in clinical signs and disease. Vitamin D is known to play an essential role in bone mineralization. Our studies have shown significant differences in vitamin D status in breast-fed infants with and without vitamin D supplementation and in infants fed various "humanized" formulas, whether cow milk-based or soy protein-based. The major variables affecting bone mineralization are Ca/P ratio and mineral-regulating hormones. However, factors such as season, geography (i.e. sun exposure), race and sex may have a significant long-term influence on bone mineralization and mineral metabolism. Some biological differences such as differences in serum vitamin D metabolite level may directly effect Ca/P absorption and retention and thus bone mineralization and growth.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1435822

Steichen, J J; Koo, W W

1992-09-01

477

Rocks and Minerals Slide Show  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive slide show of common rocks and minerals allows students to choose from two sets of minerals and click on a thumbnail to see a larger photograph with a full description of the mineral including color, streak, hardness, cleavage/fracture, and chemical composition. Also included are its use and where it is found. The rocks are divided into igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic and can be accessed in the same manner. They are described on the basis of crystal size and mineral composition as well as use.

478

Minerals Bill introduced in House  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A bill that aims to strengthen a national minerals policy and to establish a three-member White-House-level council to coordinate the development of this policy was introduced in the House of Representatives on April 30 by James D. Santini (D-Nev.). Entitled the National Minerals Security Act (NMSA), the legislation, if passed, also would amend tax laws to assist the mining industry to make capital investments to locate and produce strategic minerals; it would provide the means for the Secretary of the Interior to make withdrawn public lands available for mineral development; and it would create a revolving fund for the sale and purchase of strategic minerals.Santini estimates that 4 billion tons of minerals are needed annually to sustain the nation's economy. Much of the minerals are supplied by other nations, however; Santini wants to see an end to the United States' dependence on foreign countries, especially those that seem relatively unstable politically. ‘The U.S. has placed its national security in the hands of a few foreign nations,’ Santini said in a recent press conference. ‘We are heavily dependent on the region of southern Africa for 76% of our cobalt, 93% of our platinum, 48% of our chromium, and a host of other strategic and critical minerals. Without these minerals, we cannot build jet aircraft, weapons, or other military hardware vitally important to our national security.’

Richman, Barbara T.

479

Accessory Gene Regulator Types of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated in Gorgan, North of Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive bacterium that has remained a persistent pathogen, causing infections such as endocarditis, meningitis, and toxic shock syndrome in humans. The accessory gene regulator (agr) system of Staphylococcus aureus is responsible for controlling the expression of many genes that code for virulence factors. In this study, we assessed the S. aureus agr Group, based on their source of isolation, in Gorgan, North of Iran. Materials and Methods: DNA of 194 S. aureus isolates was extracted by lysozyme-phenol chloroform method, which included 85 clinical samples, 58 samples which were isolated from noses of health care workers and 51 cases which were obtained from food products in Gorgan, northern Iran. PCR-based assays were used to evaluate agr locus nucleotide polymorphism for the identification of agr specificity Group. Distributions of each agr Group were determined and comparison between different sources was assessed by X2. A p-value of <0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The majority of isolates belonged to agr Group I (43.3%), followed by agr Group III (28.87%), agr Group II (22.68%), and agr Group IV (5.15%). In our study, a majority of S. aureus isolates were recovered from health care workers and food product specimens were of agr Group I and isolates which were recovered from patients were of agr Group III. These differences were statistically significant (P=0.005). There was no statistical difference between the source of isolation of clinical samples of S. aureus and agr type. Conclusion: Agr Group I was predominant among health care workers and food product specimens in Gorgan, North of Iran, but in strains which were isolated from patients, agr Group III was predominant. Investigating the possible role of agr Group III in Staphylococcus aureus infection in future studies is recommended. PMID:24959440

Bibalan, Meysam Hasannejad; Shakeri, Fatemeh; Javid, Naeme; Ghaemi, Amir

2014-01-01

480

Variation in sperm displacement and its association with accessory gland protein loci in Drosophila melanogaster  

SciTech Connect

Genes that influence mating and/or fertilization success may be targets for strong natural selection. If females remate frequently relative to the duration of sperm storage and rate of sperm use, sperm displacement may be an important component of male reproductive success. Although it has long been known that mutant laboratory stocks of Drosophila differ in sperm displacement, the magnitude of the naturally occurring genetic variation in this character has not been systematically quantified. Here we report the results of a screen for variation in sperm displacement among 152 lines of Drosophila melanogaster that were made homozygous for second and/or third chromosomes recovered from natural populations. Sperm displacement was assayed by scoring the progeny of cn;bw females that had been mated sequentially to cn;bw and tested males in either order. Highly significant differences were seen in both the ability to displace sperm that is resident in the female`s reproductive tract and in the ability to resist displacement by subsequent sperm. Most lines exhibited nearly complete displacement, having nearly all progeny sired by the second male, but several lines had as few as half the progeny fathered by the second male. Lines that were identified in the screen for naturally occurring variation in sperm displacement were also characterized for single-strand conformation polymorphisms (SSCP) at seven accessory gland protein (Acp) genes. Significant associations were found between particular Acp alleles at four different loci (Acp26Aa/Ab, Acp29B, Acp36DE and Acp53E) and the ability of males to resist displacement by subsequent sperm. There was no correlation between the ability to displace resident sperm and the ability to resist being displaced by subsequent sperm. This lack of correlation, and the association of Acp alleles with resisting subsequent sperm only, suggests that different mechanisms mediate the two components of sperm displacement. 36 refs., 4 figs., 7 tabs.

Clark, A.G. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Prout, T.; Harshman, L.G. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States)] [and others

1995-01-01

481

Does breathing type influence electromyographic activity of obligatory and accessory respiratory muscles?  

PubMed

Craniomandibular electromyographic (EMG) studies frequently include several parameters, e.g. resting, chewing and tooth-clenching. EMG activity during these parameters has been recorded in the elevator muscles, but little is known about the respiratory muscles. The aim of this study was to compare EMG activity in obligatory and accessory respiratory muscles between subjects with different breathing types. Forty male subjects were classified according to their breathing type into two groups of 20 each: costo-diaphragmatic breathing type and upper costal breathing type. Bipolar surface electrodes were placed on the sternocleidomastoid, diaphragm, external intercostal and latissimus dorsi muscles. EMG activity was recorded during the following tasks: (i) normal quiet breathing, (ii) maximal voluntary clenching in intercuspal position, (iii) natural rate chewing until swallowing threshold, (iv) short-time chewing. Diaphragm EMG activity was significantly higher in the upper costal breathing type than in the costo-diaphragmatic breathing type in all tasks (P < 0·05). External intercostal EMG activity was significantly higher in the upper costal breathing type than in the costo-diaphragmatic breathing type in tasks 3 and 4 (P < 0·05). Sternocleidomastoid and latissimus dorsi EMG activity did not show significant differences between breathing types in the tasks studied (P > 0·05). The significantly higher EMG activity observed in subjects with upper costal breathing than in the costo-diaphragmatic breathing type suggests that there could be differences in motor unit recruitment strategies depending on the breathing type. This may be an expression of the adaptive capability of muscle chains in subjects who clinically have a different thoraco-abdominal expansion during inspiration at rest. PMID:25040551

Gutiérrez, M F; Valenzuela, S; Miralles, R; Portus, C; Santander, H; Fuentes, A D; Celhay, I

2014-11-01

482

Macaque accessory optic system: I. Definition of the medial terminal nucleus  

SciTech Connect

The organization of the accessory optic system (AOS) has been studied in the macaque monkey following intravitreal injections of tritiated amino acids in one eye. Retinal projections to the dorsal (DTN) and the lateral (LTN) terminal nuclei are identical to those previously described in other primate species. We observed an additional group of retinorecipient cells of the AOS, located between the cerebral peduncle and the substantia nigra, which we define as the interstitial nucleus of the superior fasiculus, medial fibers. In this report, we focus our attention on the medial terminal nucleus (MTN). Although a ventral division of this nucleus (MTNv) was not observed in the macaque, the retina projects to a group of cells in the midbrain reticular formation (MRF), which we argue to be homologous to the dorsal division of the MTN (MTNd). To provide evidence in support of this homology, the retinal projection to the MTNv and MTNd was also examined in 21 additional species from 11 orders of mammals including carnivores, marsupials, lagomorphs, rodents, bats, insectivores, tree shrews, hyraxes, pholidotes, edentates, and five additional species of primates. Whereas the retina project