Note: This page contains sample records for the topic zr-rich accessory minerals from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Hunting for eruption ages in accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A primary goal in geochronology is to provide precise and accurate ages for tephras that serve as chronostratigraphic markers for constraining the timing and rates of volcanism, sedimentation, climate change, and catastrophic events in Earth history. Zircon remains the most versatile accessory mineral for dating silicic tephras due to its common preservation in distal pyroclastic deposits, as well as the robustness of its U-Pb and U-series systems even after host materials have been hydrothermally altered or weathered. Countless studies document that zircon may be complexly zoned in age due to inheritance, contamination, recycling of antecrysts, protracted crystallization in long-lived magma reservoirs, or any combination of these. Other accessory minerals such as allanite or chevkinite can retain similar records of protracted crystallization. If the goal is to date the durations of magmatic crystallization, differentiation, and/or magma residence, then these protracted chronologies within and between accessory minerals are a blessing. However, if the goal is to date the timing of eruption with high precision, i.e., absolute ages with millennial-scale uncertainties, then this age zoning is a curse. Observations from ion microprobe 238U-230Th dating of Pleistocene zircon and allanite provide insight into the record of near-eruption crystallization in accessory minerals and serve as a guide for high-precision whole-crystal dating. Although imprecise relative to conventional techniques, ion probe analysis allows high-spatial resolution 238U-230Th dating that can document multi-millennial age distributions at the crystal scale. Analysis of unpolished rims and continuous depth profiling of zircon from small and large volume eruptions (e.g., Coso, Mono Craters, Yellowstone) reveals that the final several micrometers of crystallization often yield ages that are indistinguishable from associated eruption ages from the 40Ar/39Ar or (U-Th)/He methods. Using this approach, we have derived relatively precise (± ~ 5%, 2?) U-Th isochron ages from the unpolished rims of pumice-derived allanite and zircon from late Pleistocene Wilson Creek Formation tephras in eastern California, whose ages are controversial and have been difficult to resolve via 40Ar/39Ar and radiocarbon dating. Allanite and zircon rims from Ashes 7-19 in the lower portion of Wilson Creek sediments yield stratigraphically consistent ages of ca. 27 ka to ca. 62 ka, with a minority of crystals identifiable as xenocrysts from early Mono Craters rhyolites. Model ages for the interiors of allanite crystals are mostly < 10 k.y. older than their rims. Tephra deposited during the geomagnetic excursion debated to be either the Mono Lake or Laschamp event yields a rim isochron age of ca. 41 ka. This age is indistinguishable from an independent age of 41 ka derived at the latter excursion's type locality in France (Singer et al., 2009) as well as from age-models for deep-sea sediments. The results are in excellent agreement with a previously determined chronology derived from magnetostratigraphy (Zimmerman et al., 2006). Refs: Singer et al., 2009, EPSL 286: 80-88; Zimmerman et al., 2006, EPSL 252: 94-106

Vazquez, J. A.

2012-12-01

2

Identification and significance of accessory minerals from a bituminous coal  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A scanning electron microscope (SEM) has been used to study the in situ accessory minerals in polished blocks and pellets of petrographically analysed samples of the Waynesburg coal (hvb). Individual grains from the low-temperature ash (LTA) of the same coal were also studied. The visual resolution of the SEM permitted the detection of submicron mineral grains, which could then be analysed by the attached energy-dispersive system. Emphasis was placed on the highly reflective grains in the carbominerite bands. Among the most abundant accessory minerals observed were rutile, zircon, and rare-earth-bearing minerals. Small (1-5 ??m) particles of what may be authigenic iron-rich chromite and a nickel silicate form rims on quartz grains. The SEM also permits the observation of grain morphology and mineral intergrowths. These data are useful in determining authigenicity and diagenic alteration. Substances in density splits of LTA include authigenic, detrital, extraterrestrial magnetite, tourmaline, and evaporite (?) minerals, and a fluorine-bearing amphibole. This analytical approach allows the determination of specific sites for many of the trace elements in coals. In the Waynesburg coal, most of the chromium is in the iron-chromium rims, the fluorine is in the amphibole, and the rare-earth elements are in rare-earth-bearing minerals. The ability to relate trace-element data to specific minerals will aid in predicting the behaviour of elements in coal during combustion, liquefaction, gasification, weathering, and leaching processes. This ability also permits insight into the degree of mobility of these elements in coal and provides clues to sedimentological and diagenetic conditions. ?? 1978.

Finkelman, R. B.; Stanton, R. W.

1978-01-01

3

Accessory Mineral Geochronology and Trace Element Fingerprinting of Metamorphic Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zircon and monazite are the most versatile tools for geochronological studies in magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks. New trace element techniques are now used to link growth and modification to pressure and temperature evolution of magmatic and metamorphic rocks and to coexisting minerals. Studies on the distribution of rare earth elements (REE) have mainly focused on garnet and zircon relationships and which distribution patterns constitute equilibrium under different metamorphic conditions. But a more detailed understanding of the growth and modification processes of accessory phases is needed to provide better constraints for genetic models and multiple method datasets (U-Pb, REE, trace element thermometry, imaging) is essential. We use this approach on examples from high-temperature low-pressure granulites of Rogaland (SW Norway) and UHT medium pressure granulites from the Labwor Hills (Uganda) to illustrate the influence of major and accessory mineral reactions on the trace element signature of zircon and monazite. Relatively flat zircon HREE patterns, often associated with coexisting garnet, can also be found in orthopyroxene-bearing, garnet free assemblages. The zircon-opx distribution patterns are similar to zircon-garnet pairs from UHT leucosomes and granulites. Some garnet-bearing granulites are characterized by zircon overgrowths with xenotime inclusions and elevated Y- and HREE-contents, interpreted to reflect garnet breakdown at high T. Zircon and monazite in Labwor Hills metasedimentary granulites both have modified domains. Monazite has low Th rims that yield erroneous high chemical ages, interpreted to be due to loss of Th, while remnants of radiogenic Pb remain during the recrystallization process. Zircon in contrast has high Th rims and domains along sealed cracks that are characterized by anomalously high Th/U ratios (not previously associated with metamorphic growth or modification) and unusual REE patterns. These features are interpreted to result from fluid-influenced recrystallization that lead to coeval leaching of Th from monazite and precipitation of high Th zircon. These results can also help reevaluate the interpretation of detrital zircon, i.e. the practice of invoking metamorphic zircon growth based only on low Th/U or granulite conditions on flat HREE patterns should be abandoned.

Moller, A.

2009-05-01

4

Accessory Minerals and Potentially Toxic Elements in Tanzanian Vermiculites with Respect to Agricultural Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study assessed accessory minerals and metals in Tanzanian vermiculites with respect to their potential suitability for agricultural applications. Mineral and chemical analyses were involved. Pot experiments were also conducted to assess plant uptake of metals from soil with vermiculites. Fibrous sepiolite and amphiboles were minerals of health concern found in some samples. The sepiolite fibers had aspect ratios similar

Ernest M. M. Marwa; Andrew A. Meharg; Clive M. Rice

2011-01-01

5

Partition coefficients for rare earth elements in mafic minerals of high silica rhyolites: the importance of accessory mineral inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

REE concentrations of mafic mineral separates from high-silica rhyolites measured by INAA are high and variable compared to electron microprobe analyses of the minerals themselves. The mafic phases commonly contain inclusions or have adhering grains of accessory rare earth element (REE)-rich minerals. Optical and electron microscopic observation revealed discrete grains of chevkinite (rare earth titano-silicate) included within clinopyroxenes from the

P MICHAEL

1988-01-01

6

Partition coefficients for rare earth elements in mafic minerals of high silica rhyolites: The importance of accessory mineral inclusions  

Microsoft Academic Search

REE concentrations of mafic mineral separates from high-silica rhyolites measured by INAA are high and variable compared to electron microprobe analyses of the minerals themselves. The mafic phases commonly contain inclusions or have adhering grains of accessory rare earth element (REE)-rich minerals. Optical and electron microscopic observation revealed discrete grains of chevkinite (rare earth titano-silicate) included within clinopyroxenes from the

Peter J. Michael

1988-01-01

7

The effect of accessory minerals on the redistribution of lead isotopes during crustal anatexis: A model  

SciTech Connect

The initial Pb isotopic composition of anatectic granites is modelled as a mixture of Pb derived from major minerals that have characteristically low {sup 238}U/{sup 204}Pb and {sup 232}Th/{sup 204}Pb ratios, with Pb contributed from dissolved accessory minerals with characteristically high {sup 238}U/{sup 204}Pb and {sup 232}Th/{sup 204}Pb ratios. The initial Pb isotopic composition of anatectic granites is a function of (a) the age, type, modal distribution, and heterogeneity in the initial U and Th content of the accessory minerals, (b) variation in melt composition and temperature during anatexis, (c) the fraction of the source melted, and (d) the extent to which the melt was homogenized prior to crystallization. The differential behavior of accessory minerals during anatexis can explain the common yet enigmatic decoupling of the Pb isotopes from other chemical and isotopic systems in granite rocks. Granitic plutons derived by anatexis of the same source material are not required to have the same initial Pb isotopic composition. Low temperature, peraluminous granites are more likely to exhibit homogeneous initial Pb isotopic compositions dominated by the Pb contained within the major mineral assemblage of the source material. In contrast, the initial Pb isotopic composition of higher temperature, metaluminous or peralkaline anatectic granites is more likely to be heterogeneous, unless the melts are homogenized during emplacement, and will record a larger fraction of the radiogenic Pb component contained in the accessory mineral assemblage of the source material.

Hogan, J.P.; Sinha, A.K. (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univ., Blacksburg (USA))

1991-01-01

8

Next steps in using accessory minerals to date the evolution of silicic magmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, 238U-230Th-206Pb isotopic dating of accessory minerals using the high spatial resolution and sensitivity of ion microprobe analysis has provided new insights into the longevity and thermochemical evolution of silicic magmas, but has also created new questions about the generation, differentiation, and construction of silicic magma chambers. An important conclusion from in situ dating is that accessory minerals such as zircon and allanite in silicic magmas may be 10's to 100's of thousands of years older than their age of eruption. Whether these relatively "old" crystals are derived from long-lived crystal-rich magma reservoirs or inherited due to remelting of frozen intrusions remains a difficult question to answer because long-lived centers of magmatism are characteristically dynamic and are open systems. Nevertheless, not all rhyolites from loci of repeated silicic magmatism carry a dominant "cargo" of antecrystic zircon (or other accessory minerals). Crystal-poor high-silica rhyolites from Coso volcanic field, eastern California, contain a bimodal population of young zircon that yield 238U-230Th ages concordant with their respective late Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar eruption ages, and a population of Mesozoic zircon that are obvious xenocrysts derived from wallrocks. Rhyolites erupted from La Primavera caldera, Mexico, contain zircon and chevkinite that yield 238U-230Th ages that are within 10's of k.y. of their corresponding eruption ages between ca. 125-85 ka. Antecrysts from intrusions related to older episodes of rhyolitic magmatism appear absent or exceedingly rare. The relatively short timescales between crystallization and eruption suggest that these rhyolites, unlike otherwise similar rhyolites from other systems, were tapped shortly after highly effective differentiation and/or reheating. It is apparent that zircon ages alone are insufficient for resolving the thermochemical and differentiation histories of silicic magmas, and need to be keyed to crystal-scale variations in trace element and isotopic composition, and geothermometry, as well as the compositions and ages of associated major and other accessory phases. Combination of accessory mineral dating and geospeedomety may yield unique information because these methods resolve different aspects of magma evolution over long and short timescales. Zircon crystals from a ca. 260 ka post-collapse rhyolite at Yellowstone caldera yield U-Pb ages that are 10's to 100's of k.y. older than their eruption age, whereas diffusion profiles derived from relatively high temperature rims on sanidine and pyroxenes indicate 10's of k.y. residence since heating and rim growth. These contrasting timescales reflect different aspects of magma evolution. The range of zircon ages is likely to reflect a mixture of recycled crystal residue and renewed crystallization, which is supported by petrographic evidence for inherited plutonic cores in pyroxenes. This combined dating may provide a way to test whether any "old" crystals reflect freeze-thaw thermal cycles in the subvolcanic environment or protracted storage of magma in mushy or melt rich reservoirs.

Vazquez, J. A.

2011-12-01

9

Distinctive Accessory Minerals, Textures and Crystal Habits in Biofilm Associated Gypsum Deposits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gypsum-depositing environments near Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico were investigated in order to differentiate the influence of microbial activity versus nonbiological processes upon sedimentary fabrics and minerals. Field sites were located in sabkhas (mudflats and anchialine pools) and in seawater concentration ponds in the salt production facility operated by Exportadora de Sal, S. A. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was classified according to sedimentary environment (e.g., mudflats, anchialine pools, saltern ponds, surface and subsurface sediments), sedimentary texture, mineral composition, crystal habit, brine composition and other geochemical and biological factors. Gypsum types that develop in the absence of biofilms include water column precipitates (pelagic grains) and subsedimentary crystalline discs that form from phreatic brine ripening. Subsedimentary gypsum forming in sabkha environments had a sinuous axial microtexture and poikilitically enclosed detrital particles whereas water column precipitates exhibited euhedral prismatic habits and extensive penetrative twinning. Gypsum that was influenced by biofilms included cumulate crusts and gypsooids / gypsolite developing in anchialine pools and in saltern concentration ponds. Gypsum precipitating within subaqueous benthic microbial mats, or biofilm/sediment surfaces offered compelling evidence of biofilm influence on crystal textures and habits. Biofilm effects include irregular high relief surface textures, accessory minerals (elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, Sr/Ca-sulfate, Mg-oxide and Mg- sulfate) and distinctive crystal habits. Elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, and Sr/Ca-sulfate are known byproducts of bacterially mediated sulfate reduction (BSR). Populations of gypsum crystals within biofilms exhibited euhedral to lensoidal morphologies with unique equant and distorted prismatic forms. These forms had been shown to arise from form- and face-specific inhibition by bioorganic functional groups (Cody, 1991; Cody and Cody 1991). Biofilms therefore may play an active role in influencing brine chemistry, inducing crystallization and modifying crystal habits, evidence of which is preserved in grain morphologies.

Vogel, M.; Des Marais, D.; Jahnke, L.; Parenteau, M.

2008-12-01

10

Growth, Transport, And/or Breakdown of Accessory Minerals in Migmatites from the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extraction of melts from the lower crust and their subsequent emplacement at higher structural levels is an important differentiation mechanism that leads to the transfer of major and trace elements, volatiles and heat through the crust. Residual migmatites and granulites exposed at the Earth’s surface represent former melt-bearing crust and preserve evidence for melt transport on the micro- and meso-scale. The study of accessory phases, in particular their stabilities in melt-bearing systems and interactions with major minerals, is key to understanding the fluxes of trace and heat-producing elements during crustal anatexis. The Larsemann Hills of Prydz Bay, east Antarctica provide excellent 2-D exposure of granulite facies (c. 7 kbar and 800 °C) metasedimentary rocks and leucognesisses that preserve evidence for in situ partial melting, melt mobilization and connectivity. Leucosome found here contains K-feldspar, quartz, plagioclase, and minor garnet and biotite. Domains of residuum include: a) garnet (with aligned acicular sillimanite inclusions)-cordierite-spinel-ilmenite melanosome, the inferred assemblage remaining after melting and the extraction of some or all of the melt fraction; and b) coarse-grained garnet-sillimanite-cordierite ± biotite selvage zones that formed during melt-wall rock interaction. Petrographic analysis of melanosome, selvage, and leucosome domains has characterized mineral assemblages, structural fabrics and/or reaction textures that reflect the process of melt generation and in some cases reaction between residuum and crystallizing melts. In particular, focus on the textural context of accessory phases (zircon, monazite, apatite) has found that these phases occur as inclusions in and along grain boundaries of major minerals (e.g. garnet). This suggests that these accessory phases grew along with major minerals during partial melting. Detailed trace element characterization of major and accessory phases is being integrated with in situ U-Pb geochronology, and will provide further petrologic and age constraints on the growth, breakdown, or transport (as xenocrysts) of trace-element carriers in the melt system. Our results indicate that zircon growth in migmatitic granulites predominately will occur early during the progression of partial melting, at close to peak temperature conditions. In contrast, late zircon growth during crystallization of partial melts (leucosomes) and leucognesisses may be more limited than typically inferred, with zircon in some crustal melts reflecting entrainment from a source and not in situ crystallization. The results from this study will allow quantification of trace element budgets during partial melting, importantly those that are still residing in residual granulites, and thereby contribute further to our understanding of chemical differentiation of the continental crust.

Matthews, J. A.; Kelly, N. M.

2010-12-01

11

Is the clogging process in Maqarin natural analogue controlled by accessory clay minerals? A reactive transport study with new data.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The safety of nuclear waste repositories is based on the functionality of multiple natural and engineered barriers for very long time. The barrier system typically combines geochemically different materials that might interact with each other. One example is the long term alteration of sedimentary host rocks by the interaction with high pH pore water from cement materials used for tunnel support, seals and as backfill material. Within this context the Maqarin site in Jordan was investigated since more than 20 years as a natural analogue for rock alterations and pore clogging due to ingress of high pH solutions. In this work we examine the geochemical evolution of Maqarin marl rock in contact with a fracture through which a hyper-alkaline groundwater is circulating. The new reactive transport calculations were performed with the code OpenGeoSys-GEMS and utilize a state-of-the-art geochemical model for cement-clay interactions. The simulations reveal that the precipitation of ettringite, and to a smaller extent the precipitation of calcium-silicate-hydrate (CSH), is responsible for pore clogging in the rock matrix. Clogging of the pore space effectively seals the rock matrix on a centimeter scale after some hundreds of years and suppresses mass transfer of solutes from the fracture into the adjacent rock. In our Maqarin marl rock model typical clay minerals like kaolinite and illite are present in accessory mineral quantities only. A sensitivity analysis reveals that in this setup clay minerals are the main source for Al, necessary for the formation of ettringite-type solid solutions. It is thus the clay mineral content and the dissolution reactions that to a large degree control the spatial and temporal precipitation of ettringites and the associated pore clogging. Recently collected mineralogy and porosity data will be used to re-calibrate the model and to verify our improved findings that overall Maqarin system is controlled by accessory clay minerals.

Shao, H.; Kosakowski, G.; Berner, U.; Kulik, D.; Mäder, U.; Kolditz, O.

2012-04-01

12

The evolution of the Peach Spring Tuff magmatic system as revealed by accessory mineral textures and compositions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Peach Spring Tuff (PST), a large Miocene ignimbrite located in the southwestern USA, is distinctive in its abundance of U, Th, and REE concentrating accessory minerals (zircon, sphene, allanite, chevkinite). We have examined textures and compositions of these accessory minerals and magnetite, as well as glasses, in pumice clasts and fiamme from the PST outflow and intracaldera by a variety of methods. Textures of crystal populations were assessed qualitatively in thin sections and crystal separates, and quantitatively by differential absorption x-ray tomography (DAT) to obtain quantitative textural information (i.e. crystal size distributions, CSDs). We have also analyzed REE compositions of glasses by LA-ICPMS and zircon and sphene by SHRIMP-RG. Pumice clasts and fiamme from the outflow sheet and intracaldera deposits range in composition and crystal content, from relatively crystal-poor rhyolites to crystal-rich trachytes, with intracaldera fiamme on the less silicic end of this spectrum. REE trends in zircon and sphene grains reveal a simple fractionation history in rhyolites, but MREE enrichment in sphene edges in trachytes suggest final growth from a less evolved melt. Ti-in-zircon and Zr-in-sphene thermometry reveals lower temperature growth at edges of grains from rhyolites (down to ~730 °C), while edges from trachytes record warmer temperatures (up to ~980 °C). Trace element variations and estimated temperatures also suggest that zircon has a more protracted history of growth than other accessory phases. Textures are consistent with the geochemical results. Phenocrysts in rhyolites tend to be euhedral, while those from intracaldera trachytes display resorption features. Zircon and allanite+chevkinite size distributions in outflow pumice clasts and intracaldera fiamme generally display exponential CSDs, consistent with a simple growth and nucleation history. Sphene and magnetite size distributions in outflow samples are generally kinked, with large numbers of small (<100 µm) crystals, suggestive of enhanced nucleation due to rapid decompression. In intracaldera fiamme, the abundance of large sphene crystals (>200 µm) is considerably lower than what is found for the other accessory phases, and sphene CSDs have concave-down shapes for crystals <100 µm. These features are consistent with resorption. The lack of a concave-down section in zircon and allanite+chevkinite CSDs is likely due to comparatively slower growth rates of these phases. These results suggest that the PST was a zoned system affected by a late-stage heating event, which may have triggered eruption, followed by eruptive decompression. Timescales of crystallization calculated from magnetite size distributions suggest this decompression event occurred at most months to a year before eruption. One outflow pumice clast of trachyte composition follows compositional trends of intracaldera trachytes and textural trends of outflow rhyolites, suggesting that these events affected different regions of the chamber to different extents.

Pamukcu, A. S.; Gualda, G. A.; Miller, C. F.; Wooden, J. L.

2010-12-01

13

Accessory minerals and subduction zone metasomatism: a geochemical comparison of two me??langes (Washington and California, U.S.A.)  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The ability of a subducted slab or subducted sediment to contribute many incompatible trace elements to arc source regions may depend on the stabilities of accessory minerals within these rocks, which can only be studied indirectly. In contrast, the role of accessory minerals in lower-T and -P metasomatic processes within paleo-subduction zones can be studied directly in subduction-zone metamorphic terranes. The Gee Point-Iron Mountain locality of the Shuksan Metamorphic Suite, North Cascades, Washington State, is a high-T me??lange of metamafic blocks in a matrix of meta-ultramafic rocks. This me??lange is similar in geologic setting and petrology to the upper part of an unnamed amphibolite unit of the Catalina Schist, Santa Catalina Island, southern California. Both are interpreted as shear zones between mantle and slab rocks that formed during the early stages of subduction. Some garnet amphibolite blocks from the Gee Point-Iron Mountain locality display trace-element enrichments similar to those in counterparts from the Catalina Schist. Some Catalina blocks are highly enriched in Th, rare-earth elements (REE), the high-field-strength elements Ti, Nb, Ta, Zr and Hf (HFSE), U and Sr compared to mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB), and to other garnet amphibolite blocks in the same unit. Textural and geochemical data indicate that accessory minerals of metamorphic origin control the enrichment of Th, REE and HFSE in blocks from both areas. The Mg-rich rinds around blocks and the meta-ultramafic matrix from both me??langes are highly enriched in a large number of trace elements compared to harzburgites, dunites and serpentinites. Evidence for recrystallization or formation of accessory minerals in the former rocks suggests that these minerals control some of the trace-element enrichments. Data from the Gee Point and Catalina me??langes suggest that the accessory minerals titanite, rutile, apatite, zircon and REE-rich epidote play a significant role in the enrichment of trace elements in both mafic and ultramafic rocks during subduction-related fluid-rock interaction. Mobilization of incompatible elements, and deposition of such elements in the accessory minerals of mafic and ultramafic rocks may be fairly common in fluid-rich metamorphic environments in subduction zones. ?? 1993.

Sorensen, S. S.; Grossman, J. N.

1993-01-01

14

Uranium-rich accessory minerals in the peraluminous and perphosphorous Belvís de Monroy pluton (Iberian Variscan belt)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The strongly peraluminous, perphosphorous (<0.85 wt% P2O5) and low-Ca granites from the Belvís de Monroy pluton contain the most U-rich monazite-(Ce) and xenotime known in igneous rocks. Along with these accessory minerals, P-rich zircon occurs, reaching uncommon compositions particularly in the more fractionated units of this zoned pluton. Monazite displays a wide compositional variation of UO2 (<23.13 wt%) and ThO2 (<19.58 wt%), positively correlated with Ca, Si, P, Y and REE. Xenotime shows a high UO2 content (2.37-13.34 wt%) with parallel increases of LREE, Ca and Si. Zircon contains comparatively much lower UO2 (<1.53 wt%) but high P2O5 (<14.91 wt%), Al2O3 (<6.96 wt%), FeO (<2.93 wt%) and CaO (<2.24 wt%) contents. The main mechanism of incorporating large U and Th amounts in studied monazite and U in xenotime is the cheralite-type [(Th,U)4+ + Ca2+ = 2(Y,REE)3+] substitution. Zircon requires several coupled mechanisms to charge balance the P substitution, resulting in non-stoichiometric compositions with low analytical totals. Compositional variations in the studied accessory phases indicate that the substitution mechanisms during crystal growth depend on the availability of non-formula elements. The strong P-rich character of the studied granites increases monazite crystallization, triggering a progressive impoverishment in Th and LREE in the residual melts, and consequently increasing extraordinarily the U content in monazite and xenotime. This is in marked contrast to other peraluminous (I-type or P-poor S-type) granite series. The P-rich and low-Ca peraluminous melt inhibits uraninite crystallization, so contributing to the U availability for monazite and xenotime.

Pérez-Soba, Cecilia; Villaseca, Carlos; Orejana, David; Jeffries, Teresa

2014-05-01

15

Effective LA-ICP-MS dating of common-Pb bearing accessory minerals with new data reduction schemes in Iolite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Compared to non-destructive geochemical analyses, LA-ICP-MS consumes ca. 0.1 ?m of material per ablation pulse. It is therefore to be expected that the combined analyses of ca. 200 pulses will encounter geochemical and isotopic complexities in all but the most perfect minerals. Experienced LA-ICP-MS analysts spot down-hole complexities and choose signal integration areas accordingly. In U-Pb geochronology, the task of signal integration choice is complex as the analyst wants to avoid areas of common Pb and Pb-loss and separate true (concordant) age complexity. Petrus and Kamber (2012) developed VizualAge as a tool for reducing and visualising, in real time, U-Pb geochronology data obtained by LA-ICP-MS as an add-on for the freely available U-Pb geochronology data reduction scheme of Paton et al. (2010) in Iolite. The most important feature of VizualAge is its ability to display a live concordia diagram, allowing users to inspect the data of a signal on a concordia diagram as the integration area it is being adjusted, thus providing immediate visual feedback regarding discordance, uncertainty, and common lead for different regions of the signal. It can also be used to construct histograms and probability distributions, standard and Tera-Wasserburg style concordia diagrams, as well as 3D U-Th-Pb and total U-Pb concordia diagrams. More recently, Chew et al. (2014) presented a new data reduction scheme (VizualAge_UcomPbine) with much improved common Pb correction functionality. Common Pb is a problem for many U-bearing accessory minerals and an under-appreciated difficulty is the potential presence of (possibly unevenly distributed) common Pb in calibration standards, introducing systematic inaccuracy into entire datasets. One key feature of the new method is that it can correct for variable amounts of common Pb in any U-Pb accessory mineral standard as long as the standard is concordant in the U/Pb (and Th/Pb) systems after common Pb correction. Common Pb correction can be undertaken using either the 204Pb, 207Pb or 208Pb(no Th) methods. After common Pb correction to the user-selected age standard integrations, the scheme fits session-wide model U-Pb fractionation curves to the time-resolved U-Pb standard data. This down hole fractionation model is next applied to the unknowns and sample-standard bracketing (using a user specified interpolation method) is used to calculate final isotopic ratios and ages. 204Pb- and 208Pb(no Th)-corrected concordia diagrams and 204Pb-, 207Pb- and 208Pb(no Th)-corrected age channels can be calculated for user-specified initial Pb ratio(s). All other conventional common Pb correction methods (e.g. intercept or isochron methods on co-genetic analyses) can be performed offline. Apatite, titanite, rutile and very young zircon data will be presented, obtained using a Thermo Scientific iCAP-Qc (Q-ICP-MS) coupled to a Photon Machines Analyte Excite 193 nm ArF Excimer laser with a novel signal smoothing device Chew, D.M., Petrus, J.A., and Kamber, B.S. (2014); Chemical Geology, 363, 185-199. Paton C., Woodhead J.D., Hellstrom J.C., Hergt J.M., Greig A. and Maas R. (2010); Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 11, 1-36. Petrus, J.A. and Kamber, B.S. (2012): Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 36, 247-270.

Kamber, Balz S.; Chew, David M.; Petrus, Joseph A.

2014-05-01

16

238U/235U determinations of some commonly used reference materials and U-bearing accessory minerals (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have determined 238U/235U ratios for a suite of commonly used natural (CRM 112a, SRM 950a, HU-1) and synthetic (IRMM 184 and CRM U500) uranium reference materials in addition to several U-bearing accessory phases (zircon and monazite) by thermal ionisation mass-spectrometry (TIMS) using the IRMM 3636 233U-236U double spike to accurately correct for mass fractionation. The 238U/235U values for the natural uranium reference materials differ, by up to 0.1%, from the widely used ‘consensus’ value (137.88) with all having 238U/235U values less than 137.88. Similarly, initial 238U/235U data from zircon and monazite yield 238U/235U values that are lower than the ‘consensus’ value. The data obtained from U-bearing minerals is used to assess how the uncertainty in the 238U/235U ratio contributes to the systematic discordance observed in 238U/206Pb and 235U/207Pb dates (Mattinson, 2000; Schoene et al., 2006) which has traditionally been wholly attributed to error in the U decay constants. The 238U/235U determinations made on the synthetic reference materials yield results that are considerably more precise and accurate than the certified values (0.02% vs. 0.1% for CRM U500). The calibration of isotopic tracers used for U-daughter geochronology that are partially based upon these reference materials, and the resultant age determinations, will benefit from increased accuracy and precision. Mattinson, J.M., 2000. Revising the “gold standard”—the uranium decay constants of Jaffey et al., 1971. Eos Trans. AGU, Spring Meet. Suppl., Abstract V61A-02. Schoene B., Crowley J.L., Condon D.C., Schmitz M.D., Bowring S.A., 2006, Reassessing the uranium decay constants for geochronology using ID-TIMS U-Pb data. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70: 426-445

Condon, D.; Noble, S.; McLean, N.; Bowring, S. A.

2009-12-01

17

Progress integrating ID-TIMS U-Pb geochronology with accessory mineral geochemistry: towards better accuracy and higher precision time  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is increasingly common that hand samples of plutonic and volcanic rocks contain zircon with dates that span between zero and >100 ka. This recognition comes from the increased application of U-series geochronology on young volcanic rocks and the increased precision to better than 0.1% on single zircons by the U-Pb ID-TIMS method. It has thus become more difficult to interpret such complicated datasets in terms of ashbed eruption or magma emplacement, which are critical constraints for geochronologic applications ranging from biotic evolution and the stratigraphic record to magmatic and metamorphic processes in orogenic belts. It is important, therefore, to develop methods that aid in interpreting which minerals, if any, date the targeted process. One promising tactic is to better integrate accessory mineral geochemistry with high-precision ID-TIMS U-Pb geochronology. These dual constraints can 1) identify cogenetic populations of minerals, and 2) record magmatic or metamorphic fluid evolution through time. Goal (1) has been widely sought with in situ geochronology and geochemical analysis but is limited by low-precision dates. Recent work has attempted to bridge this gap by retrieving the typically discarded elution from ion exchange chemistry that precedes ID-TIMS U-Pb geochronology and analyzing it by ICP-MS (U-Pb TIMS-TEA). The result integrates geochemistry and high-precision geochronology from the exact same volume of material. The limitation of this method is the relatively coarse spatial resolution compared to in situ techniques, and thus averages potentially complicated trace element profiles through single minerals or mineral fragments. In continued work, we test the effect of this on zircon by beginning with CL imaging to reveal internal zonation and growth histories. This is followed by in situ LA-ICPMS trace element transects of imaged grains to reveal internal geochemical zonation. The same grains are then removed from grain-mount, fragmented, and analyzed by U-Pb TIMS-TEA. In situ trace element transects are used to model predicted TIMS-TEA trace element concentrations to test whether complicated trace element profiles undermine U-Pb TIMS-TEA data. We find good agreement between predicted and measured TIMS-TEA data, and can argue that the measured ID-TIMS U-Pb date corresponds to the time at which the geochemical signature measured by TIMS-TEA was acquired. Thus, in a hypothetical magma that is differentiating through AFC processes on timescales resolvable by geochronology, U-Pb TIMS-TEA should usually be a robust indicator of magma evolution through time. We present data from two ca. 40-30 Ma alpine intrusions from northern Italy: the southern Adamello batholith and the Bergell intrusion. The relatively young age of these intrusions permits uncertainties on individual zircon or zircon fragments as good as 10 ka, while zircon populations from individual hand samples often record zircon growth of >200 ka. Using the methodologies described above, we explore whether these zircons record in situ magmatic differentiation or introduction of antecrystic zircon to magma batches, and integrate these data to gain a better understanding of magma storage, differentiation and emplacement as a function of pressure, temperature, and time. These methods are a promising step towards interpreting complicated geochronologic data in ashbed samples as well through a better understanding of magmatic processes that precede eruption.

Schoene, B.; Samperton, K. M.; Crowley, J. L.; Cottle, J. M.

2012-12-01

18

Enhancing in-situ U-series accessory mineral chronometry to constrain pace and processes of magma accumulation, storage, and eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, deciphering absolute crystallization ages at micro-scales through in-situ U-series dating has spearheaded conceptual changes in the understanding of how magmas evolve en route to the surface. U-Th and U-Pb zircon geochronology by secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) now routinely accesses a continuous age spectrum extending well into the Holocene with ka precision for individual analysis spots ~25 - 40 ?m in diameter. SIMS depth profiling further increases spatial resolution at least tenfold. These developments are epitomized by studies that document multiple generations of zircon growth, predating eruptions by 10's to 100's of ka, as common features in silicic volcanics. Recently, these methods have been enhanced by (1) linking ages to Ti-in-zircon thermometry and trace element or oxygen isotopic fingerprinting; (2) tracking compositional changes with age in accessory minerals sensitive to magma differentiation, such as allanite; and (3) combining U-Th zircon ages with other chronometers, such as (U-Th)/He zircon or 226Ra-230Th-238U plagioclase dating. The emerging picture reveals a wide gamut of processes acting in magma bodies, including piecemeal, compartmentalized magma aggregation, protracted and thermally retrograde crystal storage coupled with magma differentiation, thermal rejuvenation and recycling of crystal mushes and solidified intrusions or magma chamber rinds, and wall rock assimilation. For the future, experimental constraints on accessory mineral-melt partitioning (e.g., Ayers and Luo, 2008: Geochim Cosmochim Acta, v. 72, p. A39) promise to put interpretation of zircon compositions on firmer footing, as is the case for additional accessory mineral saturation calibrations and improved modeling of existing ones (e.g., Harrison et al., 2007: Geology, v. 35, p. 635-638). By the same token, new experimental constraints on U-series element partitioning (e.g., Miller et al., 2007: Am Min, v. 92, p. 1535-1538) should enhance precision and applicability of mineral chronometers. Moreover, analytical advances in high spatial resolution SIMS hold promise for utilizing melt inclusions in zircon as an additional repository for constraining the chemical and thermal evolution of magmas.

Schmitt, A. K.

2008-12-01

19

Mineral dissolution in the Cape Cod aquifer, Massachusetts, USA: I . Reaction stoichiometry and impact of accessory feldspar and glauconite on strontium isotopes, solute concentrations, and REY distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To compare relative reaction rates of mineral dissolution in a mineralogically simple groundwater aquifer, we studied the controls on solute concentrations, Sr isotopes, and rare earth element and yttrium (REY) systematics in the Cape Cod aquifer. This aquifer comprises mostly carbonate-free Pleistocene sediments that are about 90% quartz with minor K-feldspar, plagioclase, glauconite, and Fe-oxides. Silica concentrations and pH in the groundwater increase systematically with increasing depth, while Sr isotopic ratios decrease. No clear relationship between 87Sr/ 86Sr and Sr concentration is observed. At all depths, the 87Sr/ 86Sr ratio of the groundwater is considerably lower than the Sr isotopic ratio of the bulk sediment or its K-feldspar component, but similar to that of a plagioclase-rich accessory separate obtained from the sediment. The Si- 87Sr/ 86Sr-depth relationships are consistent with dissolution of accessory plagioclase. In addition, solutes such as Sr, Ca, and particularly K show concentration spikes superimposed on their respective general trends. The K-Sr- 87Sr/ 86Sr systematics suggests that accessory glauconite is another major solute source to Cape Cod groundwater. Although the authigenic glauconite in the Cape Cod sediment is rich in Rb, it is low in in-grown radiogenic 87Sr because of its young Pleistocene age. The low 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios are consistent with equilibration of glauconite with seawater. The impact of glauconite is inferred to vary due to its variable abundance in the sediments. In the Cape Cod groundwater, the variation of REY concentrations with sampling depth resembles that of K and Rb, but differs from that of Ca and Sr. Shale-normalized REY patterns are light REY depleted, show negative Ce anomalies and super-chondritic Y/Ho ratios, but no Eu anomalies. REY input from feldspar, therefore, is insignificant compared to input from a K-Rb-bearing phase, inferred to be glauconite. These results emphasize that interpretation of groundwater chemistry, even in relatively simple aquifers, may be complicated by solute contributions from "exotic" accessory minerals such as glauconite. To detect such peculiarities, groundwater studies should combine the study of elemental concentration and isotopic composition of several solutes that show different geochemical behavior.

Bau, Michael; Alexander, Brian; Chesley, John T.; Dulski, Peter; Brantley, Susan L.

2004-03-01

20

PAC investigation on the Zr-rich region of the PZT phase diagram  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies using perturbed angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy in the PbZr 1-xTi xO 3 (PZT) family of compounds show that whereas PbZrO 3 is characterized by a single probes site with a very well-defined hyperfine interaction, in PZT with x?0.1 the probes occupy two distributed sites. In this work, we investigate the Zr-rich region of the PZT phase diagram from x=0.02 up to x=0.08 using PAC in order to correlate the hyperfine parameters with the antiferroelectric-ferroelectric phase transition reported to occur at x=0.05. Two static electric quadrupole interactions, one of them fairly distributed, were detected over the whole Ti concentration range, and an abrupt change in the hyperfine parameters for 0.02< x<0.04 is observed. The behaviour of these parameters and the existence of two probe sites is discussed.

Alonso, R. E.; Ayala, A. P.; López García, A. R.; Eiras, J. A.

2007-02-01

21

Gahnite, chrysoberyl and beryl co-occurrence as accessory minerals in a highly evolved peraluminous pluton: The Belvís de Monroy leucogranite (Cáceres, Spain)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gahnite (ZnAl2O4), chrysoberyl (BeAl2O4) and beryl (Be3Al2Si6O18) have been found as accessory minerals in the external, highly fractionated, leucogranitic unit within the Hercynian reversely zoned Belvís de Monroy pluton (westernmost part of the Montes de Toledo batholith, Cáceres, Spain). The highly felsic (SiO2 > 72 wt.%) and peraluminous (ACNK > 1.2) character of this leucogranite, together with the high content of some incompatible elements (F, Li, B, and P), seems to be a primary consequence of fractional crystallization in a magmatic closed-system. The high Be contents and Zn/FeTotal ratio (> 0.01) are relevant factors which have favoured the precipitation of these minerals. Moreover, the Si, Al, P, B, and F activities might be high, favouring the magmatic crystallization of such exotic mineral phases together with Be-rich cordierite, F-rich micas, sillimanite and Al-rich phosphates. In fact, the interplay between the silica and alumina activities likely controls the stabilization and the preferential crystallization of gahnite + chrysoberyl or beryl + chrysoberyl assemblages in mm-sized microdomains. The P-T crystallization conditions are constrained by the muscovite and sillimanite stability fields and the minimum granite Al2O3-saturated solidus, and have been estimated at temperatures between 670 and 700 °C, and pressures between 1 and 2 kbar.

Merino, E.; Villaseca, C.; Orejana, D.; Jeffries, T.

2013-10-01

22

Micro-Raman spectroscopy studies of some accessory minerals from pegmatites of the Sowie Mts and Strzegom-Sobótka massif, Lower Silesia, Poland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of Raman microprobe is given for identification of natural, accessory minerals from pegmatites of the Sudety Mts (south-west Poland). Micro-Raman spectroscopy is also used by mineralogist to investigation of micro-areas inside zoned crystals and to determination of composition of solid inclusion inside the bigger objects. This method is non-destructive, easy as well as fast in use and also allows obtaining little information about elements composition. Natural minerals are heavy objects in Raman investigation, because they are not homogenous and contain many fractures. More than 60 crystals have been chosen to studies. The single-crystal polarized Raman spectra at room temperature of zircon, titanite, andalusite, topaz, beryl, cordierite, laumontite and stilbite are described in detail. Influence of later alternations of zircon is visible on Raman spectrum. The presence of water molecules in structure of studied beryl and cordierite is quickly discerned by Raman spectroscopy. Due to that it is possible to obtain precisely a content of alkalis and so called channel water.

?odzi?ski, M.; Wrzalik, R.; Sitarz, M.

2005-06-01

23

Mineral chemistry of accessory phases in a High Ba-Sr suite: Scottish Caledonian appinites and granites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crustal evolution is currently governed by plate tectonics and it has been shown that between the Archean and the Phanerozoic major changes in subduction styles occured. Among others, the chemistry of different plutonic rocks through time and the understanding of their petrogenesis have helped to define different stages in the evolution of plate tectonics. An important change around 2.7 Ga led to the genesis of rocks that are the result of a metasomatized mantle wedge: the sanukitoids. This event is interpreted as the result of the evolution from a shallow to a steep subduction style. Modern plate tectonics is now generally generating calc-alkaline suites but exceptions can occur such as the Caledonian (Palaeozoic) high Ba-Sr plutons in northern Scotland. The latter have been interpreted as a modern analogue of the sanukitoids [1]. In this contribution, we aim to study this Caledonian sanukitoid-like suite from northern Scotland. Whole rock chemistry (trace elements and stable isotopes) of these rocks ranging from appinitic to granitoid in composition are well constrained [1] but it has been argued that careful study of accessory phases can give more information on the petrogenesis of the plutons [2]. The incorporation of trace elements and more particularly rare earth elements (REE) into their structures make them ideal to understand petrogenetic processes. Here, we present a detailed petrographic study and systematic analysis of trace elements of apatite, titanite and zircon in a range of plutonic rocks from appinitic to granitoid compositions. Trace elements in these accessory phases give direct access to the crystallisation history of these plutons. With these data, we suggest that apatite and titanite record in-situ crystal fractionation and mixing processes. Whole-rock reverse modelling, using single grain apatite or titanite trace element compositions, give reliable results. These results also highlight the relationship between the appinite and granitoid rocks and their petrogenetic history. [1] Fowler et al. (2008) Lithos 105, 129-148. [2] Hoskin et al. (2000) Journal of Petrology 41, 1365-1396.

Bruand, Emilie; Fowler, Mike; Storey, Craig

2013-04-01

24

Redistribution of rare earth elements, thorium, and uranium over accessory minerals in the course of amphibolite to granulite facies metamorphism: The role of apatite and monazite in orthogneisses from southwestern Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amphibolite to granulite facies transition has been studied in a high-K calc-alkaline, hornblende-biotite, K-feldspar megacrystic augen gneiss series from the Rogaland-Vest-Agder (Rog-VA) sector of the Sveconorwegian province (southwest Norway). Hornblende begins to break down mainly to clinopyroxene at the Cpx-in isograd and biotite mainly to orthopyroxene at the Opx-in isograd (abbreviations for minerals following Kretz, 1983). The magmatic accessory

Bernard Bingen; Daniel Demaiffe; Jan Hertogen

1996-01-01

25

Matching Accessories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Heterodimerization enhances the complexity of ligand recognition and diversity of signaling responses of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Many accessory proteins (for ion channels or GPCRs) appear to associate with their partners relatively early in the process whereby proteins are transported to the cell surface; their roles in modulating function may have evolved out of simple proximity to a protein that once upon a time they either facilitated or accompanied through the maturation process. The receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) are a family of single-transmembrane accessory proteins that heterodimerize with GPCRs and, thereby, allow individual GPCRs to recognize multiple ligands and to activate various signaling pathways in response to ligand binding. The M10 family of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class 1b proteins has recently been shown to associate with murine vomeronasal V2R receptors, as well as to escort them to the cell surface. The exact role of M10 in modulating V2R function (or vice versa) remains to be determined.

Steven M. Foord (Stevenage;Target Bioinformatics, GlaxoSmithKline Medicine Research Centre REV)

2003-07-08

26

Mineral dissolution in the Cape Cod aquifer, Massachusetts, USA: I . Reaction stoichiometry and impact of accessory feldspar and glauconite on strontium isotopes, solute concentrations, and REY distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

To compare relative reaction rates of mineral dissolution in a mineralogically simple groundwater aquifer, we studied the controls on solute concentrations, Sr isotopes, and rare earth element and yttrium (REY) systematics in the Cape Cod aquifer. This aquifer comprises mostly carbonate-free Pleistocene sediments that are about 90% quartz with minor K-feldspar, plagioclase, glauconite, and Fe-oxides. Silica concentrations and pH in

Michael Bau; Brian Alexander; J. T. Chesley; Peter Dulski; S. L. Brantley

2004-01-01

27

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This slide show provides students with basic information on mineralogy. It explains how the term "mineral" is defined, the properties that are used to identify minerals, their importance in daily life, and some general facts. For each identifying property, an example mineral and photograph are provided. Addresses to websites with additional information are also included.

Passow, Michael

28

14 CFR 23.1163 - Powerplant accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: NORMAL, UTILITY, ACROBATIC, AND COMMUTER CATEGORY AIRPLANES Powerplant Powerplant Controls and Accessories § 23.1163 Powerplant accessories. (a) Each engine mounted accessory...

2014-01-01

29

14 CFR 25.1163 - Powerplant accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Powerplant Powerplant Controls and Accessories § 25.1163 Powerplant accessories. (a) Each engine mounted accessory...

2014-01-01

30

Accessory oral cavity.  

PubMed

This is a rare case report of a patient around 11 years with the complaint of extra mouth who reported to the hospital for removal of that extra mouth. On examination there was accessory oral cavity with small upper and lower lips, seven teeth and saliva was drooling out. Under general anesthesia crevicular incision from 32 to 43 was put and labial gingiva with alveolar mucosa was reflected completely and bone exposed to lower border of mandible. There were seven teeth resembling lower permanent anterior teeth in the accessory mouth, which was excised with the accessory lips. 41 extracted and osteotomy carried out extending the incision from the extracted site and osteotomy carried out. Dermoid cyst both below and above the mylohyoid muscle and rudimentary tongue found and excised and the specimen sent for histopathological examination. The wound was closed and uneventful healing noted to the satisfaction of the patient. This is a rare and interesting case which has been documented. PMID:23833508

Gnaneswaran, Manica Ramamoorthy; Varadarajan, Usha; Srinivasan, Ramesh; Kamatchi, Sangeetha

2012-07-01

31

Differential response of U-Pb systems in coexisting accessory minerals, Winnipeg River Subprovince, Canadian Shield: implications for Archean crustal growth and stabilization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U-Pb isotopic systems of zircon, monazite, titanite and some apatite and the Pb isotopic composition of K-feldspar have been investigated in three areas of the Winnipeg River Subprovince (WRS) of the Superior Province, Canada, in order to define the timing of magmatic and metamorphic processes in this Archean gneissic-granitoid terrain. The new data together with published results define the following stages in the evolution of the WRS: (1) an extended period of early crustal growth punctuated by the episodic generation of tonalite. New ages include 3170+20/s-5 Ma, 2875+20/s-5 Ma and 2840+20/s-5 Ma for tonalitic gneisses at Cedar Lake, Kenora and Daniels Lake, respectively. (2) This early evolution was concluded by about 2760 Ma after emplacement of tonalite-granodiorite at Cliff Lake and was followed by a period of magmatic quiescence between about 2760 and 2710 Ma that contrasts with the intensive igneous activity characterizing the evolution of neighbouring greenstone belts. (3) A major episode of magmatism, deformation and metamorphism affected the Kenora and Daniels Lake areas between about 2710 and 2700 Ma. (4) A younger event caused deformation, metasomatism and amphibolite to granulite grade metamorphism at Cedar Lake and Daniels Lake at about 2680 Ma. (5) A subsequent, protracted period of low grade activity reset or (re-)crystallized titanite and apatite defining ages that scatter between about 2640 and 2520 Ma at Cedar and Daniels Lake but not in Kenora where titanite closed by about 2690 Ma. The 2680 Ma metamorphism may have been triggered in part by crustal thickening due to nappe thrusting but the subsequent period of lower grade activity requires the protracted addition of heat and/or fluids probably derived from magmatic and metamorphic processes continuing deep in the crust. The isotopic compositions of K-feldspars are relatively homogeneous and indicate mixing of Pb evolved in different reservoirs. The general enrichment in 207Pb with respect to normal terrestrial Pb reflects the protracted Archean evolution of the terrain. Now-coexisting minerals were formed and closed isotopically at different stages of the complex evolution and were selectively involved or excluded from isotopic equilibration with each other or with external systems such as hydrothermal fluids. This cautions against the indiscriminate interpretation of isotopic values obtained from whole rock systems in such complex terrains.

Corfu, F.

1988-03-01

32

Accessory parotid gland tumors  

PubMed Central

Tumors of accessory parotid gland are considered in the differential diagnosis of a mid cheek mass. Parotidectomy is the procedure of choice. All pathological types of parotid main gland tumors occur in the accessory parotid gland also. Presenting as a mid cheek or infrazygomatic mass, the tumors of this accessory parotid gland are notorious for recurrences, if adequate margins are not achieved. We describe two such cases of such a tumor. 40-year-old male with a slowly progressive mid cheek mass was operated by a mid cheek incision. Histopathology of the tumor was pleomorphic adenoma. Facial nerve paresis recovered complelety in 6 months. A 52-year-old female with progressive mid cheek mass who underwent parotidectomy and neck dissection by a modified Blair's incision was diagnosed with extranodal marginal zone lymphoma with focal transformation to a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Chemotherapy with CHOP regime was initiated. There was no recurrence at 6 months of follow-up. Lymphoma of accessory parotid gland is a very rare tumor. Standard parotidectomy incision is advocated to prevent damage to facial nerve branches.

Ramachar, Sreevathsa M.; Huliyappa, Harsha A.

2012-01-01

33

Accessory olfactory learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning in the accessory olfactory bulb is modelled mathematically by means of a set of coupled oscillator equations to describe the ongoing activity. The modification of this activity by experience is shown to lead to a change of the transfer function of the AOB as an input-output device. This leads both to a test of the model and a means

J. G. Taylor; E. B. Keverne

1991-01-01

34

Uranium Series Accessory Crystal Dating of Magmatic Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Complex and protracted crystallization histories over geologic timescales are recorded in accessory minerals (e.g., zircon, allanite). Although magmatic crystallization was traditionally assumed to occur essentially instantaneously for the purposes of interpreting mineral geochronometers with low absolute time resolution for ancient samples, it emerged relatively recently that magmatic crystallization can occur over extended durations. This discovery arose from applying high-spatial-resolution accessory mineral dating techniques for uranium series isotopes to young volcanic and cognate plutonic rocks. The emerging pattern from these studies is that individual crystals and crystal populations record crystallization episodes lasting from <1,000 to many hundreds of thousands of years. Accessory mineral dating of volcanic rocks and cognate plutonic xenoliths opens new research avenues for crystal age fingerprinting that correlates pyroclastic deposits, lavas, and plutonic rocks by using characteristic age distributions. It also provides direct observations on magmatic accumulation and residence times, and the preeruptive configuration of subterraneous magma bodies and intrusive complexes with implications for the forecasting of volcanic eruptions. Awareness of potentially protracted crystallization in igneous rocks should guide the interpretation of accessory mineral ages.

Schmitt, Axel K.

2011-05-01

35

Crystallization of accessory phases in magmas by local saturation adjacent to phenocrysts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Accessory minerals commonly occur attached to or included in the major crystalline phases of felsic and some intermediate igneous rocks. Apatite is particularly common as inclusions, but Fe-Ti oxides, pyrrhotite, zircon, monazite, chevkinite and xenotime are also known from silicic rocks. Accessories may nucleate near the host crystal/ liquid interface as a result of local saturation owing to formation of a differentiated chemical boundary layer in which accessory mineral solubility would be lower than in the surrounding liquid. Differentiation of this boundary layer would be greatest adjacent to ferromagnesian phenocrysts, especially Fe-Ti oxides; it is with oxides that accessories are most commonly associated in rocks. A boundary layer may develop if the crystal grows more rapidly than diffusion can transport incorporated and rejected elements to and from the phenocryst. Diffusion must dominate over convection as a mode of mass transfer near the advancing crystal/liquid interface in order for a boundary layer to exist. Accumulation of essential structural constituent elements of accessory minerals owing to their slow diffusion in evolved silicate melt also may force local saturation, but this is not a process that applies to all cases. Local saturation is an attractive mechanism for enhancing fractionation during crystallization differentiation. If accessory minerals attached to or included in phenocrysts formed because of local saturation, their host phenocrysts must have grown rapidly when accessories nucleated in comparison to lifetimes of magma reservoirs. Some inconsistencies remain in a local saturation origin for accessory phases that cannot be evaluated without additional information. ?? 1989.

Bacon, C. R.

1989-01-01

36

14 CFR 25.1167 - Accessory gearboxes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION AIRCRAFT AIRWORTHINESS STANDARDS: TRANSPORT CATEGORY AIRPLANES Powerplant Powerplant Controls and Accessories § 25.1167 Accessory gearboxes. For airplanes equipped with an accessory gearbox that is not certificated as...

2014-01-01

37

Crystallization of accessory phases in magmas by local saturation adjacent to phenocrysts  

SciTech Connect

Accessory minerals commonly occur attached to or included in the major crystalline phases of felsic and some intermediate igneous rocks. Apatite is particularly common an inclusions, but Fe-Ti oxides, pyrrhotite, zircon, monazite, chevkinite and xenotime are also known from silicic rocks. Accessories may nucleate near the host crystal/liquid interface as a result of local saturation owing to formation of a differentiated chemical boundary layer in which accessory mineral solubility would be lower than in the surrounding liquid. Diffusion must dominate over convection as a mode of mass transfer near the advancing crystal/liquid interface in order for a boundary layer to exist. Accumulation of essential structural constituent elements of accessory minerals owing to their slow diffusion in evolved silicate melt also may force local saturation, but this is not a process that applies to all cases. Local saturation is an attractive mechanism for enhancing fractionation during crystallization differentiation. If accessory minerals attached to or included in phenocrysts formed because of local saturation, their host phenocrysts must have grown rapidly when accessories nucleated in comparison to lifetimes of magma reservoirs. Some inconsistencies remain in a local saturation origin for accessory phases that cannot be evaluated without additional information.

Bacon, C.R. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA))

1989-05-01

38

Container Handling and Accessory Equipment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document describes a method for test and evaluation of handling and accessory equipment for oversized cargo containers. It discusses test planning, preparations for test, inspection, technical performance, beach mobility, logistics-over-the-shore, te...

1978-01-01

39

Teaching Techniques for Accessory Percussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Everyone is familiar with the main percussion instruments of the contemporary orchestra: bass drum, snare drum, suspended cymbal, vibraphone, and timpani. But as source material broadens, so do the demands placed on the percussion section. Accessory, or auxiliary percussion, can make the difference between a typical rendition of a well-known piece…

Micallef, Ken

2007-01-01

40

Accessory origin of the piriformis muscle.  

PubMed

Incidental finding of an accessory slip of the piriformis muscle in the gluteal region is reported. Following routine dissection of the gluteal region in three formalin-fixed cadavers, an accessory slip of the piriformis was observed. The accessory slip was cleaned, attachments were identified, and dimensions were measured in two parts as fleshy and tendinous parts with a graduated scale to the nearest millimetre. The accessory slip was innervated by a small twig from the sciatic nerve. Having considered the available literature, the accessory slip of piriformis is rare, and if found, could be a cause for the undiagnosed chronic pain in the back and gluteal region, as this accessory slip may compress the sciatic nerve. PMID:18756338

Ravindranath, Y; Manjunath, K Y; Ravindranath, R

2008-08-01

41

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories....

2013-04-01

42

Stretch-induced spinal accessory nerve palsy.  

PubMed

Left spinal accessory nerve palsy occurred in a young man when he quickly turned his head to the right while his shoulders were pulled down by heavy hand-held objects. Electrophysiologic studies demonstrated partial axonotmesis of the spinal accessory nerve branches innervating the sternocleidomastoid and upper and middle trapezius and complete axonotmesis of spinal accessory branches to the lower trapezius. There was a separate, although functionally minor, cervical plexus innervation of the lower trapezius. PMID:3343990

Logigian, E L; McInnes, J M; Berger, A R; Busis, N A; Lehrich, J R; Shahani, B T

1988-02-01

43

Melanocortin receptors and their accessory proteins.  

PubMed

The melanocortin receptor family consists of 5 members which belong to the GPCR superfamily. Their specific ligands, the melanocortins are peptide hormones which are formed by the proteolytic cleavage of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) protein. It is now recognised that certain GPCRs require accessory proteins for their function. Like these GPCRs the melanocortin receptor family is also known to be associated with accessory proteins that regulate their function. In this review we will summarise the accessory proteins involved in the function of the 5 melanocortin receptors and in particular focus on the melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein (MRAP) which is crucial for the function of the MC2R. PMID:20654690

Cooray, Sadani N; Clark, Adrian J L

2011-01-15

44

Mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators  

SciTech Connect

The choice of optimum mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators involves matching the criteria for emergency response with the available technology. This paper presents a general background to teleoperations, a potpourri of the manipulator systems available, and an argument for force reflecting manipulation. The theme presented is that the accomplishment of humanlike endeavors in hostile environments will be most successful when man model capabilities are utilized. The application of recent electronic technology to manipulator development has made new tools available to be applied to emergency response activities. The development activities described are products of the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 13 refs., 7 figs.

Feldman, M.J.; Herndon, J.N.

1985-01-01

45

21 CFR 872.5410 - Orthodontic appliance and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Orthodontic appliance and accessories. 872...Therapeutic Devices § 872.5410 Orthodontic appliance and accessories. (a) Identification. An orthodontic appliance and accessories is a...

2009-04-01

46

21 CFR 872.5410 - Orthodontic appliance and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Orthodontic appliance and accessories. 872...Therapeutic Devices § 872.5410 Orthodontic appliance and accessories. (a) Identification. An orthodontic appliance and accessories is a...

2010-04-01

47

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01...2010-04-01 false Ostomy pouch and accessories. ...876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. ...Identification. An ostomy pouch and accessories...but excludes ostomy pouches which incorporate...

2010-04-01

48

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 8 2009-04-01...2009-04-01 false Ostomy pouch and accessories. ...876.5900 Ostomy pouch and accessories. ...Identification. An ostomy pouch and accessories...but excludes ostomy pouches which incorporate...

2009-04-01

49

21 CFR 872.6010 - Abrasive device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Abrasive device and accessories. 872.6010...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6010 Abrasive device and accessories. (a) Identification. An abrasive device and accessories is a device...

2010-04-01

50

21 CFR 872.6010 - Abrasive device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Abrasive device and accessories. 872.6010...Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6010 Abrasive device and accessories. (a) Identification. An abrasive device and accessories is a device...

2009-04-01

51

21 CFR 872.6300 - Rubber dam and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Rubber dam and accessories. 872.6300 Section... Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6300 Rubber dam and accessories. (a) Identification. A rubber dam and accessories is a device...

2013-04-01

52

Accessory Gene Regulator Locus of Staphylococcus intermedius  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory gene regulator (agr) locus, a candidate system for the regulation of the production of virulence factors in Staphylococcus intermedius, has been characterized. Using PCR-based genome walking, we have obtained the first complete sequence (3,436 bp) of the accessory gene regulator (agr) gene in this organism. Sequence analysis of the agr gene has identified five open reading frames (ORFs),

Julia M. L. Sung; Peter D. Chantler; David H. Lloyd

2006-01-01

53

Accessory Mental Nerve: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

The presence of an Accessory Mental Nerve (AMN) is rare. The mental foramen is an important landmark in the mandible for administration of local anaesthesia and mental nerve identification and its preservation is of paramount importance in various surgical procedures. This article presents a case of an incidental finding of accessory mental nerves during open reduction and fixation of a compound fracture of left body of mandible. Knowledge on anatomic variations is helpful in diagnosis, treatment planning and management during surgical procedures.

N.S., Mamatha; N.S., Kedarnath; Singh, Madhumathi; Patel, Gourav

2013-01-01

54

The accessory costotransverse foramen: a radioanatomical study.  

PubMed

One hundred fifty-six anatomical specimens of cervical vertebrae and 55 C1 and 53 C2 vertebrae were examined for the presence of an accessory costotransverse foramen. We also reviewed 60 cervical spine computed tomographic (CT) scans. The variations of the costotransverse and accessory foramen are discussed. The frequency of the latter is 19% in the anatomical specimens and 45% in CT scans. The local anatomy and the excellent visualization on axial transverse CT are stressed. PMID:6690492

De Boeck, M; Potvliege, R; Roels, F; De Smedt, E

1984-02-01

55

Unmasking of the trigemino-accessory reflex in accessory facial anastomosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo evaluate the possible blink reflex responses in facial muscles reinnervated by the accessory nerve.METHODEleven patients with a complete facial palsy were submitted to a surgical repair by an accessory facial nerve anastomosis (AFA). In this pathological group, blink reflex was studied by means of percutaneous electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve and recording from the orbicularis oculi muscle. A

Angel Esteban; Julio Prieto

1999-01-01

56

[Clinical features of accessory parotid gland tumors].  

PubMed

Accessory parotid gland tumors are relatively rare; hence, adequately detailed clinical analyses of these tumors are difficult to perform at a single institution. In this report, we describe the findings for 65 patients [29 men, 36 women; median age, 51 (9-81) years] with accessory parotid gland tumors, consisting of 4 cases documented by us and 61 cases previously reported by other Japanese authors. Approximately 50% of the patients were treated in an otolaryngology department, while the remaining patients were treated in plastic surgery, oral surgery, or dermatology departments. In 4 patients, the results of preoperative fine-needle aspiration cytology indicated that the tumor was benign; however, the postoperative histopathology results revealed malignant tumors. The frequencies of malignant and benign tumors were 44.6% (n = 29) and 55.4% (n = 36), respectively. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma and pleomorphic adenoma were the most frequent types of malignant and benign accessory parotid gland tumors, respectively. Among the various surgical methods that were used, such as direct cheek and intraoral incisions, a standard parotidectomy incision was the most preferred treatment approach for these tumors. Recently, an endoscopic approach has also been found to yield satisfactory results. An optimal approach should be selected after evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of these methods. No definite guidelines are available regarding the choice of elective neck dissection and postoperative radiation therapy for malignant accessory parotid gland tumors. Although tumor resection (plus elective neck dissection) and postoperative radiation therapy have been frequently performed for various kinds of malignant accessory parotid gland tumors to date, additional studies are needed regarding the criteria for selecting elective neck dissection and postoperative radiation therapy. Since the malignancy rate for accessory parotid gland tumors is higher than that for parotid gland tumors, the possibility of malignancy (especially mucoepidermoid carcinoma and carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma) should be considered when resecting accessory parotid gland tumors, even if the results of preoperative fine-needle aspiration cytology indicate that the tumor is benign. PMID:24558945

Iguchi, Hiroyoshi; Wada, Tadashi; Yamamoto, Hidefumi; Yamada, Kei; Matsushita, Naoki; Okamoto, Sachimi; Teranishi, Yuichi; Koda, Yuki; Kosugi, Yuki; Yamane, Hideo

2013-12-01

57

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive demonstration program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Controlled Speed Accessory Drive System was examined in an effort to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars. Concept feasibility and the performance of a typical system during actual road driving conditions were demonstrated. The CSAD system is described as a mechanical device which limits engine accessory speeds, thereby reducing parasitic horsepower losses and improving overall vehicle fuel economy. Fuel consumption data were compiled for fleets of GSA vehicles. Various motor pool locations were selected, each representing different climatic conditions. On the basis of a total accumulated fleet usage of nearly three million miles, an overall fuel economy improvement of 6 percent to 7 percent was demonstrated. Coincident chassis dynamometer tests were accomplished on selected vehicles to establish the effect of different accessory drive systems on exhaust emissions, and to evaluate the magnitude of the mileage benefits which could be derived.

Hoehn, F. W.

1981-01-01

58

Accessory breast tissue mimicking pedunculated lipoma.  

PubMed

Accessory breast tissue is an uncommon condition which occurs in 0.4-6% of women. It is mostly located in the axilla where it can cause diagnostic difficulty, especially if it is unilateral and large. Usually it is bilateral and presents as an asymptomatic mass during pregnancy or lactation. The diagnosis of ectopic breast tissue is important as it can undergo the same pathological changes that occur in a normal breast, such as mastitis, fibrocystic disease and carcinoma. We present a case of a large right-sided accessory breast in a 32-year-old woman that was clinically diagnosed as pedunculated lipoma. However, subsequent histopathological examination proved it to be an accessory breast tissue with lactational changes. PMID:25006058

Husain, Musharraf; Khan, Sabina; Bhat, Ashraf; Hajini, Firdoos

2014-01-01

59

The melanocortin receptors and their accessory proteins.  

PubMed

The five melanocortin receptors (MCRs) named MC1R-MC5R have diverse physiological roles encompassing pigmentation, steroidogenesis, energy homeostasis and feeding behavior as well as exocrine function. Since their identification almost 20 years ago much has been learnt about these receptors. As well as interacting with their endogenous ligands the melanocortin peptides, there is now a growing list of important peptides that can modulate the way these receptors signal, acting as agonists, antagonists, and inverse agonists. The discovery of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory proteins as a novel accessory factor to the MCRs provides further insight into the regulation of these important G protein-coupled receptor. PMID:23404466

Ramachandrappa, Shwetha; Gorrigan, Rebecca J; Clark, Adrian J L; Chan, Li F

2013-01-01

60

21 CFR 884.2660 - Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. 884...Monitoring Devices § 884.2660 Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. A fetal ultrasonic monitor is a device designed to...

2010-04-01

61

21 CFR 884.2660 - Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. 884...Monitoring Devices § 884.2660 Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. A fetal ultrasonic monitor is a device designed to...

2009-04-01

62

21 CFR 884.2960 - Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. 884...Devices § 884.2960 Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric ultrasonic transducer is a device used to...

2009-04-01

63

21 CFR 884.2960 - Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. 884...Devices § 884.2960 Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric ultrasonic transducer is a device used to...

2010-04-01

64

21 CFR 884.6120 - Assisted reproduction accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Assisted reproduction accessories. 884.6120 Section...OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6120 Assisted reproduction accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

65

21 CFR 884.6120 - Assisted reproduction accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Assisted reproduction accessories. 884.6120 Section...OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6120 Assisted reproduction accessories. (a)...

2009-04-01

66

21 CFR 884.4900 - Obstetric table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Obstetric table and accessories. 884.4900...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4900 Obstetric table and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric table is a device with adjustable...

2009-04-01

67

21 CFR 884.4900 - Obstetric table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Obstetric table and accessories. 884.4900...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4900 Obstetric table and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric table is a device with adjustable...

2010-04-01

68

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878.3925 ...MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

69

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878.3925 ...MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

70

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878.3925 ...MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories. (a)...

2009-04-01

71

21 CFR 884.2960 - Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. 884...Devices § 884.2960 Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric ultrasonic transducer is a device used to...

2013-04-01

72

21 CFR 884.2660 - Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. 884...Monitoring Devices § 884.2660 Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. A fetal ultrasonic monitor is a device designed to...

2013-04-01

73

Removal of Accessory Breasts: A Novel Tumescent Liposuction Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Accessory breasts, usually with a protuberant appearance, are composed of both the central accessory breast tissue and adjacent\\u000a fat tissue. They are a palpable convexity and cosmetically unsightly. Consequently, patients often desire cosmetic improvement.\\u000a The traditional general surgical treatment for accessory breasts is removal of the accessory breast tissue, fat tissue, and\\u000a covering skin as a whole unit. A rather

Jufeng Fan

2009-01-01

74

Electronic Position Sensor for Power Operated Accessory  

DOEpatents

An electronic position sensor for use with a power operated vehicle accessory, such as a power liftgate. The position sensor includes an elongated resistive circuit that is mounted such that it is stationary and extends along the path of a track portion of the power operated accessory. The position sensor further includes a contact nub mounted to a link member that moves within the track portion such that the contact nub is slidingly biased against the elongated circuit. As the link member moves under the force of a motor-driven output gear, the contact nub slides along the surface of the resistive circuit, thereby affecting the overall resistance of the circuit. The position sensor uses the overall resistance to provide an electronic position signal to an ECU, wherein the signal is indicative of the absolute position of the power operated accessory. Accordingly, the electronic position sensor is capable of providing an electronic signal that enables the ECU to track the absolute position of the power operated accessory.

Haag, Ronald H.; Chia, Michael I.

2005-05-31

75

Biting palsy of the accessory nerve.  

PubMed

A young man was bitten by his girl friend at the anterior border of the left trapezius muscle. Weakness of the trapezius resulted and a longstanding ache in the shoulder developed. Clinically and neurophysiologically, an axonotmesis type crush injury of the accessory nerve was verified. PMID:7431036

Paljärvi, L; Partanen, J

1980-08-01

76

19 CFR 10.456 - Accessories, spare parts or tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Accessories, spare parts or tools. 10.456 Section 10.456 ...Rules of Origin § 10.456 Accessories, spare parts or tools. Accessories, spare parts or tools that form part of the good's...

2009-04-01

77

19 CFR 10.456 - Accessories, spare parts or tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accessories, spare parts or tools. 10.456 Section 10.456 ...Rules of Origin § 10.456 Accessories, spare parts or tools. Accessories, spare parts or tools that form part of the good's...

2010-04-01

78

Detection of accessory spleens with indium 111-labeled autologous platelets  

SciTech Connect

In two patients with recurrent immune thrombocytopenia, accessory splenic tissue was demonstrated by radionuclide imaging following administration of indium 111-labeled autologous platelets. In one of these patients, no accessory splenic tissue was seen on images obtained with technetium 99m sulfur colloid. This new technique provides a simple means for demonstrating accessory spleens and simultaneously evaluating the life-span of autologous platelets.

Davis, H.H., II; Varki, A.; Heaton, W.A.; Siegel, B.A.

1980-01-01

79

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and...

2013-04-01

80

Algal Accessory Pigment Detection Using AVIRIS Image-Derived Spectral Radiance Data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Visual and derivative analyses of AVIRIS spectral data can be used to detect algal accessory pigments in aquatic communities. This capability extends the use of remote sensing for the study of aquatic ecosystems by allowing detection of taxonomically significant pigment signatures which yield information about the type of algae present. Such information allows remote sensing-based assessment of aquatic ecosystem health, as in the detection of nuisance blooms of cyanobacteria or toxic blooms of dinoflagellates. Remote sensing of aquatic systems has traditionally focused on quantification of chlorophyll a, a photoreactive (and light-harvesting) pigment which is common to all algae as well as cyanobacteria (bluegreen algae). Due to the ubiquitousness of this pigment within algae, chl a is routinely measured to estimate algal biomass both during ground-truthing and using various airborne or satellite based sensors, including AVIRIS. Within the remote sensing and aquatic sciences communities, ongoing research has been performed to detect algal accessory pigments for assessment of algal population composition. This research is based on the fact that many algal accessory pigments are taxonomically significant, and all are spectrally unique. Aquatic scientists have been refining pigment analysis techniques, primarily high performance liquid chromatography, or HPLC, to detect specific pigments as a time-saving alternative to individual algal cell identifications and counts. Remote sensing scientists are investigating the use of pigment signatures to construct pigment libraries analogous to mineral spectral libraries used in geological remote sensing applications. The accessory pigment approach has been used successfully in remote sensing using data from the Thematic Mapper, low-altitude, multiple channel scanners, field spectroradiometers and the AVIRIS hyperspectral scanner. Due to spectral and spatial resolution capabilities, AVIRIS is the sensor of choice for such studies. We present here our results on detection of algal accessory pigments using AVIRIS data.

Richardson, Laurie L.; Ambrosia, Vincent G.

1996-01-01

81

Unusual accessory tendon connecting the hallucal extensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

During routine dissection of an adult human cadaver, a suite of tendinous anomalies was discovered in the left hallucal region.\\u000a Whereas the main tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle inserted normally, two accessory tendons were found coursing\\u000a medial and lateral to the main tendon. The most lateral tendon originated from a supernumerary muscle belly and merged with\\u000a the tendon

Robert V. Hill; Luke Gerges

2008-01-01

82

URANIUM IN ROCK MINERALS OF THE INTRUSION OF KYZL-OMPUL MOUNTAINS (NORTH KIRGISIA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The uranium distribution in rock minerals (syenites, granosyenites, and ; alaskite granites) of the Kyzyl-Ompul raassif is studied. Alaskite granites are ; characterized by the granite type of uranium distribution in minerals, about 50 ; percent of this element being connected with rockforming and about 50 percent ; with accessory uranium minerals. ln syenites uranium (about 70 percent) is bound

L. L. Leonova; L. S. Pogiblova

1961-01-01

83

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle.  

PubMed

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle (M. flexor digitorum longus accessorius) in a 60-year-old male cadaver was encountered during routine dissections in our laboratory. The muscle originated from the deep transverse fascia of the leg, covering flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, and tibialis posterior muscles, and additionally from some fibres of these muscles. After the tendon of the muscle passed behind the medial malleolus, it inserted into the tendon of the flexor digitorum longus muscle where the latter separated into four digital tendons. PMID:8273449

Yüksel, M; Ondero?lu, S; Yener, N; Yüksel, E

1993-01-01

84

Reviewing prescription spending and accessory usage.  

PubMed

This article aims to explore the role of the stoma nurse specialist in the community and how recent initiatives within the NHS have impacted on the roles in stoma care to react to the rising prescription costs in the specialty. The article will explore how the stoma care nurse conducted her prescription reviews within her own clinical commissioning group (CCG). The findings of the reviews will be highlighted by a small case history and a mini audit that reveals that some stoma patients may be using their stoma care accessories inappropriately, which may contribute to the rise in stoma prescription spending. To prevent the incorrect use of stoma appliances it may necessitate an annual review of ostomates (individuals who have a stoma), as the author's reviews revealed that inappropriate usage was particularly commonplace when a patient may have not been reviewed by a stoma care specialist for some considerable amount of time. Initial education of the ostomate and ongoing education of how stoma products work is essential to prevent the misuse of stoma appliances, particularly accessories, as the reviews revealed that often patients were not always aware of how their products worked in practice. PMID:24642774

Oxenham, Julie

85

Where to Find Hair Loss Accessories and Breast Cancer Products  

MedlinePLUS

Where to Find Hair Loss Accessories and Breast Cancer Products Cancer treatments can cause major changes in the way you look – like surgery that ... to find a retailer near you. Wigs and hair loss accessories This is a list of retailers that ...

86

21 CFR 872.6250 - Dental chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...872.6250 Dental chair and accessories. ...Identification. A dental chair and accessories is a...AC-powered, in which a patient sits. The device is...to properly position a patient to perform dental procedures... Class I. The dental chair without the...

2010-04-01

87

21 CFR 872.6250 - Dental chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...872.6250 Dental chair and accessories. ...Identification. A dental chair and accessories is a...AC-powered, in which a patient sits. The device is...to properly position a patient to perform dental procedures... Class I. The dental chair without the...

2009-04-01

88

21 CFR 872.6250 - Dental chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...872.6250 Dental chair and accessories. ...Identification. A dental chair and accessories is a...AC-powered, in which a patient sits. The device is...to properly position a patient to perform dental procedures... Class I. The dental chair without the...

2013-04-01

89

Accessory mental foramen: a rare anatomical finding  

PubMed Central

Accessory mental foramen (AMF) is a rare anatomical variation with a prevalence ranging from 1.4 to 10%. Even so, in order to avoid neurovascular complications, particular attention should be paid to the possible occurrence of one or more AMF during surgical procedures involving the mandible. Careful surgical dissection should be performed in the region so that the presence of AMF can be detected and the occurrence of a neurosensory disturbance or haemorrhage can be avoided. Although this anatomical variation is rare, it should be kept in mind that an AMF may exist. Trigeminal neuralgia was diagnosed. On the basis of diagnostic test results, peripheral neurectomy of mental nerve was planned. Failure to do neurectomy of mental nerve branch in the reported case, coming out from AMF, would have resulted in recurrence of pain and eventually failure of the procedure.

Thakur, Gagan; Thomas, Shaji; Thayil, Sumeeth Cyriac; Nair, Preeti P

2011-01-01

90

Unusual accessory tendon connecting the hallucal extensors.  

PubMed

During routine dissection of an adult human cadaver, a suite of tendinous anomalies was discovered in the left hallucal region. Whereas the main tendon of the extensor hallucis longus muscle inserted normally, two accessory tendons were found coursing medial and lateral to the main tendon. The most lateral tendon originated from a supernumerary muscle belly and merged with the tendon of extensor hallucis brevis to form a composite tendon. The most medial tendon crossed the metatarsophalangeal joint and joined the composite tendon deep to the tendon of extensor hallucis longus. A terminal tendon, consisting of these three contributions, inserted upon the proximal hallucal phalanx. This variant likely arose due to atypical differentiation of the common extensor muscle mass during development, and is of particular significance to clinicians performing arthroscopy, tendon transfers, and other surgical procedures. PMID:19159364

Hill, Robert V; Gerges, Luke

2008-12-01

91

[Juxtabulbar neurinoma of the spinal accessory nerve].  

PubMed

A 27-year-old woman presented with right spinal accessory juxtabulbar schwannoma, associated with hydrocephalus. The only specific clinical symptom was long-standing weakness of the right trapezius. C.T. scan evoked a cerebellar tumor, whilst the jugular foramen appeared normal. Vertebral angiography was not decisive. M.R.I. suggested an extra-axial tumor. Post-operative evolution was entirely favourable. Schwannomas of the 9th, 10th and 11th cranial nerves are generally located at the level of the jugular foramen but can also be observed along the extracranial path of these nerves. An intracranial paramedial, or so-called "intracisternal" localization is rare and is best diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging. PMID:1461336

Fransen, P; Dooms, G; Mathurin, P; Thauvoy, C; Stroobandt, G

1992-01-01

92

Unmasking of the trigemino-accessory reflex in accessory facial anastomosis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To evaluate the possible blink reflex responses in facial muscles reinnervated by the accessory nerve.?METHOD—Eleven patients with a complete facial palsy were submitted to a surgical repair by an accessory facial nerve anastomosis (AFA). In this pathological group, blink reflex was studied by means of percutaneous electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve and recording from the orbicularis oculi muscle. A control group comprised seven normal people and seven patients with a complete Bell's facial palsy; in this group, responses on the sternocleidomastoideus (SCM) muscles were studied after supraorbital nerve stimulation.?RESULTS—All the patients with AFA showed a consistent degree of facial reinnervation. Ten out of the 11 patients with AFA showed reflex responses; in six, responses were configured by a double component pattern, resembling the R1 and R2 components of the blink reflex; three patients had an R1-like response and one patient showed a unique R2 component. Mean values of latencies were 15.2 (SD 4.6) ms for the R1 and 85.3 (SD 9.6) ms for the R2. In the control group, eight out of 14 people had evidence of reflex responses in the SCM muscles; these were almost exclusively configured by a bilateral late component (mean latency 63.5 (SD15.9) ms) and only one of the subjects showed an early response at 11ms.?CONCLUSION—The trigemino-accessory reflex response in the pathological group was more complex and of a significantly higher incidence than in the control group. These differences could be tentatively explained by a mechanism of synaptic plasticity induced by the impairment of the efferent portion of the reflex. This could unmask the central linking between the trigeminal and the accessory limbs of the reflex. The findings described could be a demonstration of neurobionomic function in the repairing process of the nervous system.??

Esteban, A.; Prieto, J.

1999-01-01

93

Considerations for successful cosmogenic 3He dating in accessory phases  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have been working to develop cosmogenic 3He dating of phases other than the commonly dated olivine and pyroxene, especially apatite and zircon. Recent work by Dunai et al. underscores that cosmogenic 3He dating is complicated by 3He production via 6Li(n,?) 3H --> 3He. The reacting thermal neutrons can be produced from three distinct sources; nucleogenic processes (3Henuc), muon interactions (3Hemu), and by high-energy "cosmogenic" neutrons (3Hecn). Accurate cosmogenic 3He dating requires determination of the relative fractions of Li-derived and spallation derived 3He. An important complication for the fine-grained phases we are investigating is that both spallation and the 6Li reaction eject high energy particles, with consequences for redistribution of 3He among phases in a rock. Although shielded samples can be used to estimate 3Henuc, they do not conatin the 3Hecn component produced in the near surface. To calculate this component, we propose a procedure in which the bulk rock chemistry, helium closure age, 3He concentration, grain size and Li content of the target mineral are measured in a shielded sample. The average Li content of the adjacent minerals can then be calculated, which in turn allows calculation of the 3Hecn component in surface exposed samples of the same lithology. If identical grain sizes are used in the shielded and surface exposed samples, then "effective" Li can be calculated directly from the shielded sample, and it may not be necessary to measure Li at all. To help validate our theoretical understanding of Li-3He production, and to constrain the geologic contexts in which cosmogenic 3He dating with zircon and apatite is likely to be successful, results are presented from four different field locations. For example, results from ~18 Ky old moraines in the Sierra Nevada show that the combination of low Li contents and high closure ages (>50 My) creates a small 3Hecn component (2%) but a large 3Henuc component (40-70%) for zircon and apatite. In contrast the combination of high Li contents and a young closure age (0.6 My) in rhyolite from the Coso volcanic field leads to a large 3Hecn component (30%) and small 3Henuc component (5%) in zircon. Analysis of samples from a variety of lithologies shows that zircon and apatite tend to be low in Li (1-10 ppm), but are vulnerable to implantation of 3He from adjacent minerals due to their small grain size, especially from minerals like biotite and hornblende. This point is well illustrated by data from both the Sierra Nevada and Coso examples, in which there is a strong correlation between grain size and 3He concentration for zircons due to implantation. In contrast, very large zircons (150>125 um width) obtained from shielded samples of the Shoshone Falls rhyolite (SW Idaho) do not contain a significant implanted component. Thus, successful 3He dating of accessory phases requires low Li content (<10 ppm) in the target mineral and either 1) low Li in adjacent minerals, or 2) the use of large grain sizes (>100 um). In high-Li cases, the fraction of 3Henuc is minimized in samples with young helium closure ages or longer duration of exposure. However because the 3Hecn/3Hespall ratio is fixed for a given Li content, longer exposure will not reduce the fraction of 3Hecn.

Amidon, W. H.; Farley, K. A.; Rood, D. H.

2008-12-01

94

Perineal Accessory Scrotum with Congenital Lipoma: A Rare Case Report  

PubMed Central

A case of accessory scrotum in a 1-year-old boy is reported because of its rarity. A boy presented with a tumor mass attached with scrotum-like skin on its tip in the right side of perineum between the scrotum and anus. Both testes had descended into the scrotum. There was no other urological anomaly. Histological findings of the tumor indicated perineal lipoma, and the scrotum-like portion accessory scrotum. An overview of sequences during the normal development of male external genitalia has been provided and the deranged mechanism resulting in this anomaly has been reviewed with hypothesis regarding etiology of accessory scrotum.

Chatterjee, Souvik; Gajbhiye, Vishal; Nath, Sasanka; Ghosh, Dipak; Chattopadhyay, Sarbani; Das, Sukanta Kumar

2012-01-01

95

21 CFR 878.4350 - Cryosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4350 Cryosurgical unit and accessories. (a) Identification â(1)...

2013-04-01

96

21 CFR 878.4370 - Surgical drape and drape accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4370 Surgical drape and drape accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

97

21 CFR 878.4700 - Surgical microscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4700 Surgical microscope...accessories is an AC-powered device intended for use during surgery to provide a magnified view of the surgical field....

2013-04-01

98

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A surgical...

2013-04-01

99

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A speculum is a...

2013-04-01

100

21 CFR 884.2700 - Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... § 884.2700 Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. An intrauterine pressure monitor is a device designed to detect and measure intrauterine and amniotic fluid pressure with a catheter placed...

2013-04-01

101

Accessory cardiac bronchus: 3D CT demonstration in nine cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

.   Accessory cardiac bronchus (ACB) has been described mainly as isolated case reports in the literature. We report nine consecutive\\u000a cases of ACB, which occurred in five males and four females and were detected in 11,159 routine spiral CT examinations of\\u000a the chest, performed between 1994 and 1998. Frequency of the anomaly was 0.08 %. Accessory cardiac bronchus originated from

B. Ghaye; X. Kos; R. F. Dondelinger

1999-01-01

102

Alternative delivery of male accessory gland products.  

PubMed

To increase fertilization success, males transfer accessory gland products (Acps). Several species have evolved unconventional Acps transfer modes, meaning that Acps are transferred separately from the sperm. By surveying the sperm-free Acps transfer cases, we show that these animals have evolved a common strategy to deliver Acps: they all inject Acps directly through the partner's body wall into the hemolymph. Our review of this mode of Acps transfer reveals another striking similarity: they all transfer sperm in packages or via the skin, which may leave little room for Acps transfer via the conventional route in seminal fluid. We synthesise the knowledge about the function, and the effects in the recipients, of the Acps found in the widely diverse taxa (including earthworms, sea slugs, terrestrial snails, scorpions and salamanders) that inject these substances. Despite the clearly independent evolution of the injection devices, these animals have evolved a common alternative strategy to get their partners to accept and/or use their sperm. Most importantly, the evolution of the injection devices for the delivery of Acps highlights how the latter are pivotal for male reproductive success and, hence, strongly influence sexual selection. PMID:24708537

Zizzari, Z Valentina; Smolders, Irene; Koene, Joris M

2014-01-01

103

Accessory soleus muscle: a problem of awareness.  

PubMed

Reports of accessory soleus muscle are rare, perhaps as a result of it often remaining unrecognized. It presents as a swelling behind the ankle and may be mistaken for a tumour or inflammatory lesion, as occurred in the first of a series of three cases. The other two were incidental findings, one in a 30 year old man with an open tibial fracture and the other in a 9 month old child with a club foot. Patients present with either pain or a diagnostic problem. When large, it may make wearing of footwear difficult. Computerized tomography with electromyography enables confirmation of the diagnosis. Pain is relieved by epimysiotomy and when encountered incidentally during surgery, incision of the epimysium is all that is needed. Excision of the muscle may be considered only if wearing of footwear is difficult. The significance of its presence in a case of club foot is unknown. Disinsertion of its insertion was all that was required to obtain surgical correction of the deformity in the present case. Awareness of the condition will prevent unnecessary surgery in asymptomatic cases. PMID:8010925

Chittaranjan, B S; Babu, N V; Abraham, G

1994-07-01

104

Alternative delivery of male accessory gland products  

PubMed Central

To increase fertilization success, males transfer accessory gland products (Acps). Several species have evolved unconventional Acps transfer modes, meaning that Acps are transferred separately from the sperm. By surveying the sperm-free Acps transfer cases, we show that these animals have evolved a common strategy to deliver Acps: they all inject Acps directly through the partner’s body wall into the hemolymph. Our review of this mode of Acps transfer reveals another striking similarity: they all transfer sperm in packages or via the skin, which may leave little room for Acps transfer via the conventional route in seminal fluid. We synthesise the knowledge about the function, and the effects in the recipients, of the Acps found in the widely diverse taxa (including earthworms, sea slugs, terrestrial snails, scorpions and salamanders) that inject these substances. Despite the clearly independent evolution of the injection devices, these animals have evolved a common alternative strategy to get their partners to accept and/or use their sperm. Most importantly, the evolution of the injection devices for the delivery of Acps highlights how the latter are pivotal for male reproductive success and, hence, strongly influence sexual selection.

2014-01-01

105

Accessory brachialis muscle: a case report.  

PubMed

Variations of arm flexors are not uncommon with the exception of brachialis muscle. The role of brachialis is critical as it is the primary flexor of the elbow joint. Variations of brachialis are rare in literature. We present a case of an accessory-brachialis muscle (AcBr), found during routine cadaveric dissection. The AcBr originated from the lateral aspect of the brachialis muscle and lateral intermuscular septum. During its course towards the elbow, it crossed over the radial nerve and the distal tendon splits into two. The medial slip ran over the ulnar artery and merged with the deep fascia covering the pronator teres muscle, whereas lateral slip was inserted to the fascia covering the supinator. In the ipsilateral arm, an additional lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm (LCNF) was found coursing over the brachialis muscle medial to the LCNF. Clinical consideration of the present variations has been discussed. The present variation should be considered in the etiology of radial-tunnel syndrome (RTS). PMID:18487066

Pai, M M; Nayak, S R; Vadgaonkar, R; Ranade, A V; Prabhu, L V; Thomas, M; Sugavasi, R

2008-03-01

106

Zonal organization of the mammalian main and accessory olfactory systems.  

PubMed Central

Zonal organization is one of the characteristic features observed in both main and accessory olfactory systems. In the main olfactory system, most of the odorant receptors are classified into four groups according to their zonal expression patterns in the olfactory epithelium. Each group of odorant receptors is expressed by sensory neurons distributed within one of four circumscribed zones. Olfactory sensory neurons in a given zone of the epithelium project their axons to the glomeruli in a corresponding zone of the main olfactory bulb. Glomeruli in the same zone tend to represent similar odorant receptors having similar tuning specificity to odorants. Vomeronasal receptors (or pheromone receptors) are classified into two groups in the accessory olfactory system. Each group of receptors is expressed by vomeronasal sensory neurons in either the apical or basal zone of the vomeronasal epithelium. Sensory neurons in the apical zone project their axons to the rostral zone of the accessory olfactory bulb and form synaptic connections with mitral tufted cells belonging to the rostral zone. Signals originated from basal zone sensory neurons are sent to mitral tufted cells in the caudal zone of the accessory olfactory bulb. We discuss functional implications of the zonal organization in both main and accessory olfactory systems.

Mori, K; von Campenhause, H; Yoshihara, Y

2000-01-01

107

Accessory tragus: a possible sign of Goldenhar syndrome.  

PubMed

The accessory tragus is a relatively common benign congenital anomaly. The tragus is a cartilaginous projection that normally occurs anterior to the external auditory meatus. Although aberrancy of the tragus may occur in isolation and is exclusively derived from the first branchial arch, it may occasionally signal a defect in the first or second branchial arches. Thus it may be a sign of other syndromes, such as oculoauricularvertebral dysplasia (Goldenhar syndrome). In fact, accessory tragus is a constant feature of this syndrome and may be associated with other syndromes. Accessory tragi are polypoid and should be distinguished from acrochordon (skin tags), as the shave excision commonly employed for skin tags may expose cartilage and cause slow healing or chondrodermatitis nodularis chronica helicis. PMID:21916271

Rankin, James S; Schwartz, Robert A

2011-08-01

108

Atypical course of the rare accessory extensor carpi radialis muscle.  

PubMed Central

The description of a bilaterally well developed, bicipital and bipennate accessory extensor carpi radialis muscle is reported. The muscle arose between the origins of the long and short radial carpal extensor muscles and inserted by 2 tendons into the 1st 2 metacarpal bones. The ulnar tendinous insertion was simultaneously the origin of abductor pollicis brevis. Both heads of the accessory extensor carpi radialis muscle were innervated by a branch of the deep branch of the radial nerve. The present observation supplements our knowledge on variations in the antebrachial and carpal regions, which are important in hand surgery. Images Fig. 1

Khaledpour, C; Schindelmeiser, J

1994-01-01

109

An Accessory Peroneocalcaneus Internus Muscle with MRI and US Correlation  

PubMed Central

The peroneocalcaneus internus (PCI) is a rare accessory muscle of the medial ankle with typical MRI anatomic features allowing differentiation from the more common accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle. To our knowledge, there have been no previously published sonographic images of the peroneocalcaneus internus. A PCI is typically an incidental, asymptomatic finding, but knowledge of the entity may avoid confusion when initially encountered by diagnostic ultrasound. We review the anatomic imaging features which allow for a confident imaging diagnosis and the clinical relevance of this anomaly.

Howe, Benjamin Matthew; Murthy, Naveen Srinivasa

2012-01-01

110

21 CFR 884.4150 - Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4150 Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories. (a) Identification. A bipolar endoscopic...

2010-04-01

111

21 CFR 884.4150 - Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4150 Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories. (a) Identification. A bipolar endoscopic...

2009-04-01

112

22 CFR 121.8 - End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. 121.8 Section 121...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. (a) An end-item...is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed. (f)...

2013-04-01

113

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons ...proof testsâcranes and gear accessory...

2010-07-01

114

29 CFR 1919.27 - Unit proof tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto. 1919...OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons ...winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto....

2009-07-01

115

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto. 1919...OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons ...proof testsâcranes and gear accessory...

2009-07-01

116

29 CFR 1919.27 - Unit proof tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tests-winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto. 1919...OF LABOR (CONTINUED) GEAR CERTIFICATION Certification...Tests and Proof Loads; Heat Treatment; Competent Persons ...winches, derricks and gear accessory thereto....

2010-07-01

117

Study of Reduction of Accessory Horsepower Requirements. Seventh Quarterly Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Progress is reported for a program whose objective is to evolve and define an accessory drive system that will minimize system power consumption of driven accessories on an internal combustion engine in a passenger automobile. Although the primary goal is...

1976-01-01

118

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...devices intended for use during surgical procedures to provide power to operate various accessories or attachments to cut hard tissue or bone and soft tissue. Accessories or attachments may include a bur, chisel (osteotome), dermabrasion...

2010-04-01

119

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...devices intended for use during surgical procedures to provide power to operate various accessories or attachments to cut hard tissue or bone and soft tissue. Accessories or attachments may include a bur, chisel (osteotome), dermabrasion...

2009-04-01

120

Mineral Properties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will learn about the properties that will help you identify minerals. If you closed your eyes and tasted different foods, you could probably determine what the foods are by noting properties such as saltiness or sweetness. You can also determine the identity of a mineral by noting different properties. Some properties that help us determine the identy of a mineral are: COLOR, ...

Wood, Mr.

2010-11-14

121

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine you are hiking with your family and this shiney looking crystal catches your eye. You bring it home and no one in your family is able to tell you what it is. How do you find out? First you need to practice. Identifying minerals. Click on the following link. Identify all five minerals. On your peice of paper tell me their Name Color Luster Cleavage/Fracture Hardness Glenco simple mineral identification Now try and identify 7 real minerals using a virtual key. Answer the following questions What properties do you use to identify the mineral? Which ...

Rmesser

2010-11-16

122

49 CFR 192.147 - Flanges and flange accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...flange accessory (other than cast iron) must meet the minimum...able to withstand the maximum pressure at which the pipeline is...flange on a flanged joint in cast iron pipe must conform in dimensions...to ASME/ANSI B16.1 and be cast integrally with the pipe,...

2013-10-01

123

Evolutionary dynamics of the accessory genome of Listeria monocytogenes.  

PubMed

Listeria monocytogenes, a foodborne bacterial pathogen, is comprised of four phylogenetic lineages that vary with regard to their serotypes and distribution among sources. In order to characterize lineage-specific genomic diversity within L. monocytogenes, we sequenced the genomes of eight strains from several lineages and serotypes, and characterized the accessory genome, which was hypothesized to contribute to phenotypic differences across lineages. The eight L. monocytogenes genomes sequenced range in size from 2.85-3.14 Mb, encode 2,822-3,187 genes, and include the first publicly available sequenced representatives of serotypes 1/2c, 3a and 4c. Mapping of the distribution of accessory genes revealed two distinct regions of the L. monocytogenes chromosome: an accessory-rich region in the first 65° adjacent to the origin of replication and a more stable region in the remaining 295°. This pattern of genome organization is distinct from that of related bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The accessory genome of all lineages is enriched for cell surface-related genes and phosphotransferase systems, and transcriptional regulators, highlighting the selective pressures faced by contemporary strains from their hosts, other microbes, and their environment. Phylogenetic analysis of O-antigen genes and gene clusters predicts that serotype 4 was ancestral in L. monocytogenes and serotype 1/2 associated gene clusters were putatively introduced through horizontal gene transfer in the ancestral population of L. monocytogenes lineage I and II. PMID:23825666

den Bakker, Henk C; Desjardins, Christopher A; Griggs, Allison D; Peters, Joseph E; Zeng, Qiandong; Young, Sarah K; Kodira, Chinnappa D; Yandava, Chandri; Hepburn, Theresa A; Haas, Brian J; Birren, Bruce W; Wiedmann, Martin

2013-01-01

124

Hearing Aid Accessories for Adults: The Remote FM Microphone  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The primary goal was to determine the benefits and limitations of a remote FM microphone as a hearing aid accessory. A secondary goal was to determine the predictors of aided and FM-assisted speech perception by adults with hearing loss, in quiet and in noise, using methods derived from Articulation Index theory. Design: Twelve adults with mild to severe hearing

Arthur Boothroyd

2004-01-01

125

Schwannoma of the Spinal Accessory Nerve: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

We are reporting a rare case of a schwannoma which originated from the cervical portion of the spinal accessory nerve, which was located in the left posterior triangle of the neck and did not have any neurological deficit, which was diagnosed by the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan and confirmed histopathologically after surgery.

Kohli, Ritesh; Singh, Surinder; Gupta, Sahwani K.; Matreja, Prithpal S.

2013-01-01

126

The sea lamprey has a primordial accessory olfactory system  

PubMed Central

Background A dual olfactory system, represented by two anatomically distinct but spatially proximate chemosensory epithelia that project to separate areas of the forebrain, is known in several classes of tetrapods. Lungfish are the earliest evolving vertebrates known to have this dual system, comprising a main olfactory and a vomeronasal system (VNO). Lampreys, a group of jawless vertebrates, have a single nasal capsule containing two anatomically distinct epithelia, the main (MOE) and the accessory olfactory epithelia (AOE). We speculated that lamprey AOE projects to specific telencephalic regions as a precursor to the tetrapod vomeronasal system. Results To test this hypothesis, we characterized the neural circuits and molecular profiles of the accessory olfactory epithelium in the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus). Neural tract-tracing revealed direct and reciprocal connections with the dorsomedial telencephalic neuropil (DTN) which in turn projects directly to the dorsal pallium and the rostral hypothalamus. High-throughput sequencing demonstrated that the main and the accessory olfactory epithelia have virtually identical profiles of expressed genes. Real time quantitative PCR confirmed expression of representatives of all 3 chemoreceptor gene families identified in the sea lamprey genome. Conclusion Anatomical and molecular evidence shows that the sea lamprey has a primordial accessory olfactory system that may serve a chemosensory function.

2013-01-01

127

Clothing/Apparel and Accessories Merchandising. A Suggested Interdisciplinary Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains three sections: introduction, curriculum material, and an annotated bibliography. Introductory information provides an overview of the clothing/apparel and accessories merchandising area, aptitudes needed, and career opportunities; discusses potential career ladders, which are divided into entry level, middle…

Wray, Ralph D.; Hayden, Margaret B.

128

The Effects of Accessory Stimuli on Information Processing: Evidence from Electrophysiology and a Diffusion Model Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

People typically respond faster to a stimulus when it is accompanied by a task-irrelevant accessory stimulus presented in another perceptual modality. However, the mechanisms responsible for this accessory-stimulus effect are still poorly understood. We examined the effects of auditory accessory stimulation on the processing of visual stimuli using scalp electrophysiology (Experiment 1) and a diffusion model analysis (Experiment 2). In

Marieke Jepma; Eric-Jan Wagenmakers; Guido P. H. Band; Sander Nieuwenhuis

2008-01-01

129

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive Program: Programmatic environmental assessment  

SciTech Connect

This document is a programmatic environmental assessment of the Department of Energy's Controlled Speed Accessory Drive (CSAD) program and alternatives. Its purpose is to evaluate CSAD alternatives to assure that environmental priorities are considered at the earliest meaningful point in the decision-making process, and to facilitate the choice of preferable options. This document accords with both the letter and the spirit of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requirements as interpreted and standardized by the Council on Environmental Quality. The major conclusions reached in this assessment are as follows: (1) controlled speed accessory drive bolted onto existing automobile designs may not provide adequate engine cooling when operated at high ambient temperatures or under heavy loading; (2) when the CSAD is adopted for production, the emissions effect of controlled speed accessory drive will not be a problem. Auto emissions are already controlled by existing regulations, and automobiles with a CSAD must meet the same emission standards as non-CSAD vehicles; (3) the nature of the impact is such that significant expansion of the market will not affect it. The one adverse environmental concern, the engine cooling problem, will probably be remedied by proper optimization of automobiles for controlled speed accessory drive, or, until the problem can be alleviated, it will delay commercialization of the drive. No safety hazard will be introduced to the American roadways. In addition, no adverse environmental concerns directly related to the Controlled Speed Accessory Drive demonstration program are anticipated. Therefore, it is recommended that a finding of no significant impact be prepared.

Not Available

1980-04-14

130

Mineral slurries  

SciTech Connect

A pumpable slurry of mineral particles, e.g., coal, in water contains 50 to 85% by weight of mineral particles based on the combined weight of mineral particles and water. The mineral component contains at least 30% by weight of coarse particles having a particle size in the range 5 to 50 mm, 10 to 40% by weight of fine particles having a particle size less than 200 micron and the balance to 100% of intermediate sized particles. The slurry is stable without the use of additives and can be pumped through a pipeline.

Baker, P.J.; Brookes, D.A.; Johnson, M.

1985-06-25

131

The ubiquitous nature of accessory calcite in granitoid rocks: Implications for weathering, solute evolution, and petrogenesis  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Calcite is frequently cited as a source of excess Ca, Sr and alkalinity in solutes discharging from silicate terrains yet, no previous effort has been made to assess systematically the overall abundance, composition and petrogenesis of accessory calcite in granitoid rocks. This study addresses this issue by analyzing a worldwide distribution of more than 100 granitoid rocks. Calcite is found to be universally present in a concentration range between 0.028 to 18.8 g kg-1 (mean = 2.52 g kg-1). Calcite occurrences include small to large isolated anhedral grains, fracture and cavity infillings, and sericitized cores of plagioclase. No correlation exists between the amount of calcite present and major rock oxide compositions, including CaO. Ion microprobe analyses of in situ calcite grains indicate relatively low Sr (120 to 660 ppm), negligible Rb and 87Sr/86Sr ratios equal to or higher than those of coexisting plagioclase. Solutes, including Ca and alkalinity produced by batch leaching of the granitoid rocks (5% CO2 in DI water for 75 d at 25??C), are dominated by the dissolution of calcite relative to silicate minerals. The correlation of these parameters with higher calcite concentrations decreases as leachates approach thermodynamic saturation. In longer term column experiments (1.5 yr), reactive calcite becomes exhausted, solute Ca and Sr become controlled by feldspar dissolution and 87Sr/ 86Sr by biotite oxidation. Some accessory calcite in granitoid rocks is related to intrusion into carbonate wall rock or produced by later hydrothermal alteration. However, the ubiquitous occurrence of calcite also suggests formation during late stage (subsolidus) magmatic processes. This conclusion is supported by petrographic observations and 87Sr/86Sr analyses. A review of thermodynamic data indicates that at moderate pressures and reasonable CO2 fugacities, calcite is a stable phase at temperatures of 400 to 700??C. Copyright ?? 2005 Elsevier Ltd.

White, A. F.; Schulz, M. S.; Lowenstern, J. B.; Vivit, D. V.; Bullen, T. D.

2005-01-01

132

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students use written and online materials to answer a set of questions on the general properties and identification of minerals. They will learn about physical properties such as color, hardness, and cleavage; special properties such as fluorescence and effervescence; and complete a chart listing properties for a selection of minerals. Links to the necessary information are provided.

Passow, Michael

133

Flourescent Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page, hosted by Microscopy-UK, provides illustrations of flourescent minerals, each with accompanying text that shows how the color identifies the mineral. The site offers a brief explanation of flourescence and uses examples of calcite, willemite, and flourite to demonstrate this phenomenon. Numerous images, diagrams, and links are provided.

2009-01-28

134

Mineral Densities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are given cubic cell edge dimensions and asked to calculate mineral densities and vice versa. The final question of this homework assignment provides students with a mineral density and unit cell edge length in order to determine the number of formula units per cell.

135

Relationship between Male Age, Accessory Gland, Sperm Transferred, and Fitness Traits in Drosophila bipectinata  

PubMed Central

The number of cells and the size of the cells in the male accessory gland, the quantity of accessory gland proteins, and their effects on fitness in males of different ages were studied in Drosophila bipectinata Duda (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Male age was significantly positively correlated with the size of accessory gland, the number of main cells of the accessory gland, the quantity of protein in unmated males, the duration of copulation, the transferred quantity of protein and sperm to the mated female, fecundity, and fertility, while male age was significantly negatively correlated with the size of main cell in the accessory gland and the quantity of protein in mated males. The size of the main cells was significantly positively correlated with the quantity of protein in unmated males but significantly negatively correlated with the size of the accessory gland and the number of main cells in the accessory gland. These results suggest that D. bipectinata young males, with their smaller size of their accessory glands and having fewer and larger main cells in their accessory glands, produced the least quantity of protein and transferred significantly less protein and sperm to the mated female than did middle and old age males. Thus, this study suggests that in D. bipectinata, male age affects the number of accessory gland cells and the quantity of protein in the accessory gland. The size and number of main cells in the accessory gland and the size of the accessory gland were related to the production of protein. Females who mated with old males obtained a fitness benefit.

Santhosh, H. T.; Krishna, M. S.

2013-01-01

136

Djerfisherite, alkali copper-iron sulfide: a new mineral from enstatite chondrites.  

PubMed

A new mineral, essentially a potassium-copper-iron sulfide, occurs in accessory amounts in the enstatite chondrites Kota Kota (a find) and St. Marks (a fall), and has been identified visually in the enstatite achondrite Pena Blanca Springs (a fall). The x-ray diffraction pattern, electron-microprobe analysis, and its appearance in polished sections all serve to identify it. PMID:17831500

Fuchs, L H

1966-07-01

137

Evidence from borehole samples for the role of accessory minerals in lower-crustal conductivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE high electrical conductivity of the lower continental crust, as inferred from geophysical measurements1, has defied a simple explanation. Both pore-saturating brines2 and interconnected carbon films3-5 have been proposed as conducting pathways, but their relative importance remains uncertain, and may vary from place to place6. So far, attempts to address this question in the laboratory have had to rely on

A. Duba; S. Heikamp; W. Meurer; G. Mover; G. Will

1994-01-01

138

Mineral bioprocessing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the last 25 years, the introduction of biotechnological methods in hydrometallurgy has created new opportunities and challenges for the mineral processing industry. This was especially true for the production of metal values from mining wastes and low-...

A. E. Torma

1993-01-01

139

A rare cause of chronic abdominal pain: recurrent sub-torsions of an accessory spleen.  

PubMed

Accessory spleen is defined as one, two, or three nodules of additional ectopic splenic parenchyma hung by a vascular pedicle generally near the spleen. Despite a relatively high frequency (from 10 to 30 % of the population based on autopsy studies), most accessory spleens are asymptomatic. Although cases of accessory spleen were clearly described in the literature, this perplexing diagnosis is often delayed and rarely made preoperatively. We report episodic recurrences of abdominal pain in a 66-year-old man attributed to iterative sub-torsions of an accessory spleen, as well as a comprehensive review of the literature. PMID:23760734

Lhuaire, Martin; Sommacale, Daniele; Piardi, Tullio; Grenier, Philippe; Diebold, Marie-Danièle; Avisse, Claude; Kianmanesh, Reza

2013-10-01

140

New genes for male accessory gland proteins in Drosophila melanogaster.  

PubMed

The accessory gland of male insects produces components of the seminal fluid that alter the behavior, physiology and life span of the mated female, and contribute to her efficient storage and utilization of sperm. As a step towards understanding how this occurs, we have isolated genes encoding 12 previously unreported accessory gland-specific mRNAs from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We report here the restriction maps of the new genes, the chromosome positions--which are all autosomal--of the 11 non-repetitive genes, their expression patterns, and the sequences of the accessory gland proteins (Acps) encoded by nine of the genes. Eight of the proteins predicted from these sequences begin with putative secretion signals. Following their signal sequences, three of the predicted molecules are peptides and the other five are larger polypeptides with characteristics of cleavable prohormones. The ninth molecule, which has an N-terminal hydrophobic region but no consensus signal peptide cleavage site, is predicted to be a 716 amino acid glycoprotein. Of the nine proteins, two have intriguing similarities to sequences in protein databases. Acp76A is a 388 amino acid pro-protein which contains a signature sequence for the serpin class of protease inhibitors. The 115 amino acid Acp62F has a 28 amino acid region of high sequence similarity to a neurotoxin of the Brazilian armed spider Phoneutria nigriventer. Models are discussed in which Acp76A plays a role in the observed regulation of Acp proteolysis and/or in the coagulation of seminal fluid to form a mating plug, and in which Acp62F contributes to the reported toxicity of Drosophila seminal fluid. PMID:9474779

Wolfner, M F; Harada, H A; Bertram, M J; Stelick, T J; Kraus, K W; Kalb, J M; Lung, Y O; Neubaum, D M; Park, M; Tram, U

1997-10-01

141

The role of accessory obturator arteries in prostatic arterial embolization.  

PubMed

In 9 of 491 patients (1.8%) who underwent prostatic arterial embolization (PAE) for benign prostatic hyperplasia from March 2009-November 2013, prostatic arteries arose from the external iliac artery via an accessory obturator artery (AOA). Computed tomography angiography performed before the procedure identified the variant and allowed planning before the procedure. The nine AOAs were catheterized from a contralateral femoral approach. Bilateral PAE was technically successful in the nine patients. There was a mean decrease in international prostate symptom score of 6.5 points and a mean prostate volume reduction of 15.1% (mean follow-up, 4.8 mo) in the nine patients. PMID:24857944

Bilhim, Tiago; Pisco, Joao; Pinheiro, Luís Campos; Rio Tinto, Hugo; Fernandes, Lúcia; Pereira, José A

2014-06-01

142

Thermomechanical milling of accessory lithics in volcanic conduits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accessory lithic clasts recovered from pyroclastic deposits commonly result from the failure of conduit wall rocks, and represent an underutilized resource for constraining conduit processes during explosive volcanic eruptions. The morphological features of lithic clasts provide distinctive 'textural fingerprints' of processes that have reshaped them during transport in the conduit. Here, we present the first study focused on accessory lithic clast morphology and show how the shapes and surfaces of these accessory pyroclasts can inform on conduit processes. We use two main types of accessory lithic clasts from pyroclastic fallout deposits of the 2360 B.P. subplinian eruption of Mount Meager, British Columbia, as a case study: (i) rough and subangular dacite clasts, and (ii) variably rounded and smoothed monzogranite clasts. The quantitative morphological data collected on these lithics include: mass, volume, density, 2-D image analysis of convexity (C), and 3-D laser scans for sphericity (?) and smoothness (S). Shaping and comminution (i.e. milling) of clasts within the conduit are ascribed to three processes: (1) disruptive fragmentation due to high-energy impacts between clasts or between clasts and conduit walls, (2) ash-blasting of clasts suspended within the volcanic flux, and (3) thermal effects. We use a simplified conduit eruption model to predict ash-blasting velocities and lithic residence times as a function of clast size and source depth, thereby constraining the lithic milling processes. The extent of shape and surface modification (i.e. rounding and honing) is directly proportional to clast residence times within the conduit prior to evacuation. We postulate that the shallow-seated dacite clasts remain subangular and rough due to short (<2 min) residence times, whereas monzogranite clasts are much more rounded and smoothed due to deeper source depths and consequently longer residence times (up to ˜1 h). Larger monzogranite clasts are smoother than smaller clasts due to longer residence times and to greater differential velocities within the ash-laden jet. Lastly, our model residence times and mass loss estimates for rounded clasts are used to estimate minimum attrition rates due to volcanic ash-blasting within the conduit (e.g., 12 cm3?s-1 for 25 cm clasts, sourced at 2500 m depth).

Campbell, Michelle E.; Russell, James K.; Porritt, Lucy A.

2013-09-01

143

Antegrade or Retrograde Accessory Pathway Conduction: Who Dies First?  

PubMed Central

A 36 year-old man with Wolff Parkinson White syndrome due to a left-sided accessory pathway (AP) was referred for catheter ablation. Whether abolition of antegrade and retrograde AP conduction during ablation therapy occurs simultaneously, is unclear. At the ablation procedure, radiofrequency delivery resulted in loss of preexcitation followed by a short run of orthodromic tachycardia with eccentric atrial activation, demonstrating persistence of retrograde conduction over the AP after abolition of its antegrade conduction. During continued radiofrequency delivery at the same position, the fifth non-preexcitated beat failed to conduct retrogradely and the tachycardia ended. In this case, antegrade AP conduction was abolished earlier than retrograde conduction.

Hadid, Claudio; Di Toro, Dario; Gallino, Sebatian; Labadet, Carlos

2012-01-01

144

Accessory muscular bundles arising from biceps femoris muscle.  

PubMed

Two kinds of accessory muscle bundles arising from the long head of the biceps femoris muscle were encountered in a 20-year-old Turkish female cadaver during routine dissections. The one occurred on both sides, each arising from the lower portion of the long head of the muscle and passed deep to the fascia of the popliteal fossa to be inserted into the crural fascia. The other one which was observed only on the right side, arose from the upper portion of this head to be inserted into the semitendinosus muscle. PMID:7645372

Sinav, A; Gümü?alan, Y; Arifo?lu, Y; Ondero?lu, S

1995-06-01

145

Effect of ipriflavone on accessory sexual organs and bone metabolism in male rats.  

PubMed

Ipriflavone administered for 10 days to orchiectomized rats did not show androgenic or androgen-augmenting activities. The wet weight of the accessory sexual organs, and dry weight, ash content and calcium content of the femur were decreased by orchiectomy and were restored by androgen administration, but were not influenced by ipriflavone administered alone or in combination with androgen for 21 days. In intact rats, ipriflavone increased these variables slightly or definitely. Basal and calcium-stimulated calcitonin levels in orchiectomized rats were not influenced by pretreatment with estrone (0.25, 0.5 and 1 microgram/kg body weight/day) or ipriflavone (100 mg/kg body weight/day) for 42 days but were increased significantly by simultaneous pretreatment with these compounds. Therefore, it might be concluded that the increase in bone variables in intact rats that received ipriflavone resulted, at least in part, from the augmentation by ipriflavone of estrogen, which exists in the peripheral blood of male rats, in addition to intrinsic androgen, which maintains bone mineral content. PMID:3505762

Yamazaki, I

1987-07-01

146

Transvenous radiofrequency catheter ablation of atrioventricular accessory pathways.  

PubMed

Transvenous delivery of radiofrequency energy is an attractive new technique in nonsurgical treatment of cardiac arrhythmias. We used radiofrequency catheter ablation in two patients with tachycardias complicating the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The first patient was a 28-year-old male who had suffered cardiac arrest from rapid preexcited atrial fibrillation (shortest RR interval of 180 ms) due to a left anterolateral free wall accessory pathway. The accessory pathway was mapped by means of positioning a 7F quadripolar catheter with a 4 mm tip to obtain the shortest atrial to ventricular timing during preexcited sinus rhythm. Unmodulated radiofrequency energy (750 KHz) was applied unipolarly between the distal pole of the catheter against an indifferent plate at the back. Using an applied energy of 30W, this resulted in the disappearance of both anterograde and retrograde conduction. The second patient was a 26-year-old man with concealed left posterolateral pathway. This was ablated at the site which corresponded to the shortest ventriculatrial timing during sustained atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia. There was no complication from this procedure and both patients were discharged on the fourth day after the procedure and returned to work soon afterwards. Radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective means for the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias. PMID:1598608

Lau, C P; Tai, Y T

1992-02-01

147

Simon effect with and without awareness of the accessory stimulus.  

PubMed

The authors investigated whether a Simon effect could be observed in an accessory-stimulus Simon task when participants were unaware of the task-irrelevant accessory cue. In Experiment 1A a central visual target was accompanied by a suprathreshold visual lateral cue. A regular Simon effect (i.e., faster cue-response corresponding reaction times [RTs]) was found. Experiment 1B demonstrated that this effect cannot be attributed to perceptual grouping of the target and cue. Experiments 2A, 2B, and 2C showed a reverse Simon effect (i.e., faster noncorresponding RTs) when participants were not aware of the cue. In this condition, the Simon effect would occur relative to the reorientation of attention from the cue, which would initially capture attention, toward the target. This conclusion is supported by the results of Experiments 3A and 3B, in which the reorientation of attention was induced by having the target flash after its onset. With suprathreshold cues either a reverse or regular Simon effect was observed by using a 100-ms or > or = 200-ms onset flashing interval, respectively, whereas with subthreshold cues a reverse Simon effect was found irrespective of the interval length. PMID:16634670

Treccani, Barbara; Umiltà, Carlo; Tagliabue, Mariaelena

2006-04-01

148

Nipple adenoma arising from axillary accessory breast: a case report  

PubMed Central

Nipple adenoma is a relatively rare benign breast neoplasm, and cases of the disease arising from the axillary accessory breast have very seldom been reported in the English literature. We report a case of nipple adenoma arising from axillary accessory breast including clinical and pathological findings. An 82-year-old woman presented with the complaint of a small painful mass in the right axilla. Physical examination confirmed a well-defined eczematous crusted mass that was 8 mm in size. The diagnosis of nipple adenoma was made from an excisional specimen on the basis of characteristic histological findings. Microscopic structural features included a compact proliferation of small tubules lined by epithelial and myoepithelial cells, and the merging of glandular epithelial cells of the adenoma into squamous epithelial cells in the superficial epidermal layer. Because clinically nipple adenoma may resemble Paget’s disease and pathologically can be misinterpreted as tubular carcinoma, the correct identification of nipple adenoma is an important factor in the differential diagnosis for axillary tumor neoplasms. Virtual slides The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1186821489769063

2012-01-01

149

Antagonism of Innate Immunity by Paramyxovirus Accessory Proteins  

PubMed Central

Paramyxovirinae, a subfamily of Paramyxoviridae, are negative strand RNA viruses comprised of many important human and animal pathogens, which share a high degree of genetic and structural homology. The accessory proteins expressed from the P/V/C gene are major factors in the pathogenicity of the viruses, because of their ability to abrogate various facets of type I interferon (IFN) induction and signaling. Most of the paramyxoviruses exhibit a commonality in their ability to antagonize innate immunity by blocking IFN induction and the Jak/STAT pathway. However, the manner in which the accessory proteins inhibit the pathway differs among viruses. Similarly, there are variations in the capability of the viruses to counteract intracellular detectors (RNA helicases, mda-5 and RIG-I). Furthermore, a functional specificity in the antagonism of the IFN response has been reported, suggesting that specificity in the circumvention of innate immunity restricts viral host range. Available evidence indicates that paramyxoviruses employ specific strategies to antagonize the IFN response of their specific hosts, which is one of the major factors that determine viral pathogenicity and host range.

Chambers, Raychel; Takimoto, Toru

2009-01-01

150

Catheter Ablation of Multiple Accessory Pathways in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy  

PubMed Central

A 23-year-old male with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) experienced self-limiting palpitations at age 19 years for the first time. Palpitations recurred not earlier than at age 23 years, and were attributed to narrow complex tachycardia, which could be terminated with adenosine. Since electrocardiography showed a delta-wave, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was diagnosed, ajmaline prescribed and radio-frequency catheter ablation of three accessory pathways carried out one week later. One day after ablation, however, a relapse of the supraventricular tachycardia occurred and was terminated with ajmaline. Re-entry tachycardia occurred a second time six days after ablation, and as before, it was stopped only with ajmaline. Despite administration of verapamil to prevent tachycardia, it occurred a third time four months after ablation. This case shows that cardiac involvement in DMD may manifest also as WPW-syndrome. In these patients, repeated radio-frequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways may be necessary to completely block the re-entry mechanism.

Stollberger, Claudia; Steger, Christine; Gatterer, Edmund

2013-01-01

151

Electrical recordings from the accessory olfactory bulb in VNO-AOB ex vivo preparations.  

PubMed

Electrical recordings from individual accessory olfactory bulb neurons allow exploration of the functional properties of this important pheromonal processing circuit. Several approaches to performing such recordings have been used. Here, we describe ex vivo methods that we have found useful for recording from accessory olfactory bulb neurons using simple extracellular glass electrodes. PMID:24014366

Meeks, Julian P; Holy, Timothy E

2013-01-01

152

Successful Accessory Renal Artery Denervation in a Patient with Resistant Hypertension  

PubMed Central

Renal sympathetic denervation is safe and effective in patients with resistant hypertension. In all of the studies of renal artery denervation, patients with accessory renal arteries are excluded. So there is not any data regarding renal sympathetic denervation applied to the accessory renal arteries. We present a young female patient with resistant hypertension despite use of five different antihypertensive drugs. The patient had a well developed (diameter >4 mm) left renal accessory. We believe that if we omitted the well developed accessory renal artery, we would not have maintained adequate blood pressure control. Thus, we applied radiofrequency ablation to both renal arteries and left accessory artery. Immediately after the procedure, the patient's blood pressure was reduced to 110/60 mmHg and this effect was continued during the first month of follow-up.

Atas, Halil; Durmus, Erdal; Sunbul, Murat; Mutlu, Bulent

2014-01-01

153

Health warning labelling practices on narghile (shisha, hookah) waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories  

PubMed Central

Background Waterpipe tobacco smoking prevalence is increasing around the globe despite current evidence that smoke emissions are toxic and contain carcinogenic compounds. Objective To evaluate current health warning labelling practices on waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories. Methods All waterpipe tobacco products, as well as waterpipe accessories, were purchased from Lebanon and a convenience sample was obtained from Dubai (United Arab Emirates), Palestine, Syria, Jordan, Bahrain, Canada, Germany and South Africa. Findings Of the total number of waterpipe tobacco products collected from Lebanon, the majority had textual health warning labels covering on average only 3.5% of total surface area of the package. Misleading descriptors were commonplace on waterpipe tobacco packages and related accessories. Conclusions There are no WHO FCTC compliant waterpipe-specific health warning labels on waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories. Introducing health warnings on waterpipe tobacco products and accessories will probably have worldwide public health benefits.

Khalil, Joanna

2010-01-01

154

Successful percutaneous epicardial ablation of an accessory pathway located at the right atrial appendage.  

PubMed

In patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, difficulty in ablation of accessory pathways is associated with failures and recurrences. Epicardially located accessory pathways may require different management strategies when conventional ablation attempts fail. In particular, an epicardial accessory pathway communicating the right atrial appendage to the right ventricle is an extraordinary situation resulting in difficulties in ablation. Hereby, we report on a challenging case of percutaneous epicardial ablation of an epicardial accessory pathway located at right atrial appendage in a 28-year-old man with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, who had a prior history of unsuccessful endocardial ablation. Percutaneous epicardial ablation may be a viable option obviating the necessity of surgical ablation procedures for difficult ablation cases with epicardial accessory pathways. PMID:21983769

Köse, Sedat; Ba?ar?c?, Ibrahim; Kabul, Kutsi Hasan; Barç?n, Cem

2011-10-01

155

U, Th, Pb and REE abundances and Pb 207/Pb 206 ages of individual minerals in returned lunar material by ion microprobe mass analysis.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results of ion microprobe analyses of Apollo 11, 12 and 14 material, showing that U, Th, Pb and REE are concentrated in accessory minerals such as apatite, whitlockite, zircon, baddeleyite, zirkelite, and tranquillityite. Th/U ratios are found to vary by over a factor of 40 in these minerals. K, Ba, Rb and Sr have been localized in a K rich, U and Th poor glass phase that is commonly associated with the U and Th bearing accessory minerals. Li is observed to be fairly evenly distributed between the various accessory phases. The phosphates have been found to have REE abundance patterns (normalized to the chondrite abundances) that are fairly flat, while the Zr bearing minerals have patterns that rise steeply, by factors of ten or more, from La to Gd. All the accessory minerals have large negative Eu anomalies. Radiometric age dates (Pb 207/Pb 206) of the individual U and Th bearing minerals compare favorably with the Pb 207/Pb 206 age of the bulk rocks.

Andersen, C. A.; Hinthorne, J. R.

1972-01-01

156

Safety and efficacy of a modified catheter-mediated ablation of accessory pathways.  

PubMed

Fifty-one consecutive patients underwent modified catheter-mediated direct-current ablation of accessory pathways. Energy was delivered through the distal pair of electrodes (dual electrode configuration) of a 6F quadripolar catheter to the internal surface of the right or left atrioventricular (AV) annulus. In an attempt to prevent the later resumption of accessory pathway conduction, one additional shock was given after the initial successful interruption of accessory pathways. A mean of 2.7 shocks with cumulative energy of 453 +/- 32 Joules/patient interrupted the accessory pathways in 47 patients and modified the accessory pathway conduction in 2 patients. Forty-eight patients were asymptomatic and free of any antiarrhythmic agents with a follow-up ranging from 3-20 months (mean 12 +/- 1 months), without early or late serious complications (AV block or tamponade). Conduction characteristics, concealed or manifest, and recording of accessory pathway activity did not affect the outcome. Mean cumulative energy and number of applications of energy to achieve a successful outcome were lower in patients with concealed (376 +/- 31 Joules, 2.4 +/- 0.2 shocks) than manifest accessory pathways (516 +/- 50 Joules, 2.9 +/- 0.2 shocks). At the successful ablation sites, the mean shortest retrograde ventriculoatrial interval during orthodromic reentrant tachycardia (VA') was 80 +/- 3 msec (78% had VA' less than 90 msec) and was not different between concealed and manifest accessory pathways; the mean shortest antegrade AV interval was 47 +/- 3 msec in manifest preexcitation; the mean ratio of atrial to ventricular wave amplitude was not significantly different between left-sided (0.8 +/- 0.1) and right-sided (1.1 +/- 0.2) accessory pathways (p greater than 0.05). A successful outcome was achieved in 94% of 51 patients. This procedure is relatively safe and effective, regardless of the location of the accessory pathway. PMID:1522687

Chen, S A; Tsang, W P; Wang, D C; Hsia, C P; Chen, J W; Chiang, C E; Ting, C T; Wang, S P; Chiang, B N; Chang, M S

1992-05-01

157

Mineral bioprocessing  

SciTech Connect

In the last 25 years, the introduction of biotechnological methods in hydrometallurgy has created new opportunities and challenges for the mineral processing industry. This was especially true for the production of metal values from mining wastes and low-and-complex-grade mineral resources, which were considered economically not amenable for processing by conventional extraction methods. Using bio-assisted heap, dump and in-situ leaching technologies, copper and uranium extractions gained their first industrial applications. The precious metal industries were the next to adopt the bio-preoxidation technique in the extraction of gold from refractory sulfide-bearing ores and concentrates. A variety of other bioleaching opportunities exist for nickel, cobalt, cadmium and zinc sulfide leaching. Recently developed bioremediation methods and biosorption technologies have shown a good potential for industrial applications to remove trace heavy metal and radionuclide concentrations from contaminated soils, and mining and processing effluents.

Torma, A.E.

1993-05-01

158

Mineral Commodities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise introduces mineral commodities (elements). Students consider the elements aluminum, iron, copper, nickel, zinc, uranium, lead, gold, mercury and tin and match them with their definintions in a table. Then they use minable grade (minable weight percent) and normal crustal abundance (crustal weight percent) to calculate the concentration factor for several commodities to determine their economic minability. Students then graph their calculations and explain their trend.

Perkins, Dexter

159

Simultaneous Accessory Pathway and AV Node Mechanical Block  

PubMed Central

We report a clinical case of a 22-year-old female referred to our institution due to palpitations and preexcitation. Her ECG suggested a right superior paraseptal accessory pathway (AP), which was localised during the electrophysiological study at the superior paraseptal region in close proximity to the His recordings. Reproducible orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia was induced by atrial pacing with extrastimuli. Cryo-mapping performed in the area of earliest atrial activation was not able to terminate the tachycardia. A second attempt, slightly more posterior, caused mechanical block of the AP, which rendered the tachycardia non-inducible. More pressure with the ablation catheter determined a Wenckebach type supra-hisian AV block, which was transient but reproducible. Given this finding no ablation was done. Simultaneous block to the AP and the atrioventricular node has rarely been reported using radiofrequency energy. However, to our knowledge this phenomenon has not been previously reported in large series using cryo-thermal energy.

Garofalo, Daniel; Gallanti, Alfonso Gomez; Rama, David Filgueiras; Peinado, Rafael Peinado

2013-01-01

160

[An epidermoid cyst derived from an intrapancreatic accessory spleen].  

PubMed

A 43-year-old female patient had high levels of CA19-9 marker; an abdominal ultrasound revealed a cyst. Further investigations with computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, and endoscopic ultrasound CT identified a multilocular cystic lesion on the pancreatic tail. An abnormal wall was noted, and different signal strengths were measured in each cyst. Thus, a mucinous cystic tumor was diagnosed, and distal pancreatectomy combined with splenectomy was performed. During the surgery, we identified a multilocular pancreatic cyst with internal bleeding at its distal end. The lesion was ultimately diagnosed as an epidermoid cyst of an intrapancreatic accessory spleen. This diagnosis was based on the histological observation that the vascular construction of the cystic wall was equivalent to that of the spleen, and that its internal tissue was covered by squamous epithelium. PMID:24598102

Shinohara, Fumi; Furukawa, Yoshinari; Itsuki, Hiroshi; Sakano, Ayaka; Hananoki, Mutsumi; Kurushima, Hitoshi; Matsumoto, Nori; Yamamoto, Masahiro; Fujihara, Megumu

2014-03-01

161

Congenital anomaly of combined tracheal and accessory cardiac bronchus.  

PubMed

The presence of congenital tracheobronchial abnormalities remain rare and have been reported to range from 0.1% to 2% in the literature. The most commonly described abnormalities are the tracheal bronchus and the accessory cardiac bronchus. We present the case of a 67-year-old man presenting for evaluation of interstitial lung disease, on computed tomography found to have presence of both the anomalies; the findings later confirmed on bronchoscopy. We believe this report is important as it adds more descriptive information regarding this unusual presentation, including bronchoscopic and computed tomographic images. We believe that it is imperative that bronchoscopists are cognizant of these congenital abnormalities and their combinations. Inability to properly characterize these abnormalities has a potential leading to unnecessary investigations of these relatively benign entities. PMID:23328152

Gilbert, Christopher R; Cox, Phillip D; Toth, Jennifer W; Kaifi, Jussuf T; Reed, Michael F

2013-01-01

162

Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins in adrenal gland physiology and beyond.  

PubMed

The melanocortin receptor (MCR) family consists of five G-protein-coupled receptors (MC1R-MC5R) with diverse physiological roles. MC1R controls pigmentation, MC2R is a critical component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, MC3R and MC4R have a vital role in energy homeostasis and MC5R is involved in exocrine function. The melanocortin receptor accessory protein (MRAP) and its paralogue MRAP2 are small single-pass transmembrane proteins that have been shown to regulate MCR expression and function. In the adrenal gland, MRAP is an essential accessory factor for the functional expression of the MC2R/ACTH receptor. The importance of MRAP in adrenal gland physiology is demonstrated by the clinical condition familial glucocorticoid deficiency, where inactivating MRAP mutations account for ?20% of cases. MRAP is highly expressed in both the zona fasciculata and the undifferentiated zone. Expression in the undifferentiated zone suggests that MRAP could also be important in adrenal cell differentiation and/or maintenance. In contrast, the role of adrenal MRAP2, which is highly expressed in the foetal gland, is unclear. The expression of MRAPs outside the adrenal gland is suggestive of a wider physiological purpose, beyond MC2R-mediated adrenal steroidogenesis. In vitro, MRAPs have been shown to reduce surface expression and signalling of all the other MCRs (MC1,3,4,5R). MRAP2 is predominantly expressed in the hypothalamus, a site that also expresses a high level of MC3R and MC4R. This raises the intriguing possibility of a CNS role for the MRAPs. PMID:23418361

Novoselova, T V; Jackson, D; Campbell, D C; Clark, A J L; Chan, L F

2013-04-01

163

Differences in Accessory Pathway Location by Sex and Race  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The etiology of accessory pathway formation (AP) is generally unknown. OBJECTIVE Using sex and race as proxies to distinguish genetically different individuals, we sought to test the hypothesis that AP formation is genetically mediated by examining whether AP location differs by sex and/or race. METHODS This was a single center, retrospective cohort study of 282 consecutive patients undergoing their first electrophysiology study that revealed at least one AP between 2004–2008. Sex and race were compared to AP location determined by the invasive electrophysiology study. RESULTS Eighty-nine males (52%) and 40 (36%) females had a left posterior AP (p=0.006). Sixty-four females (57%) had a right annular AP compared to 55 (32%) males (p<0.001). After adjusting for age and race, females had a 2.8 fold greater odds of having a right annular AP compared to males (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.70–4.65 greater odds, p<0.001). While right anterior (free wall) pathways were rare in all other races (12%), a significantly larger proportion of Asians (n=10, 26%) had a right anterior AP (p=0.017). After adjusting for sex and age, Asians had a 3.8 fold greater odds of having a right anterior accessory pathway compared to other races (95% CI 1.5–9.4 greater odds, p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS Females more commonly had right annular APs, and Asians had right anterior APs substantially more frequently than other races. These findings suggest that the pathogenesis of AP formation may have a genetic component.

Hsu, Jonathan C; Tannel, Ronn E; Lee, Byron K; Scheinman, Melvin M; Badhwar, Nitish; Lee, Randall J; Tseng, Zian H; Olgin, Jeffrey E; Marcus, Gregory M

2009-01-01

164

Invasive Ductal Carcinoma Arising From Dense Accessory Breast Visualized With 99mTc-MIBI Breast-Specific ? Imaging.  

PubMed

Primary accessory breast cancer is extremely rare, and the diagnostic efficacy of Tc-MIBI breast-specific ? imaging (BSGI) has not been reported elsewhere. We present a case of primary carcinoma arising from dense accessory breast that was visualized with BSGI. A 43-year-old female patient with a palpable axillary mass underwent mammography, which showed dense parenchyma on both of the anatomic and accessory breasts with no abnormality. Subsequent BSGI showed no abnormal uptake in bilateral anatomic breasts, but focal abnormal uptake was noted in the accessory breast. Permanent pathologic evaluation confirmed invasive ductal carcinoma (not otherwise specified type) of the accessory breast. PMID:24445272

Yoon, Hai-Jeon; Sung, Sun Hee; Moon, Byung In; Kim, Bom Sahn

2014-08-01

165

The Effects of Accessory Stimuli on Information Processing: Evidence from Electrophysiology and a Diffusion Model Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract & People typically respond,faster to a stimulus,when,it is accompanied,by a task-irrelevant accessory stimulus presented in another perceptual modality. However, the mechanisms responsible,for this accessory-stimulus effect are still poorly understood.,We examined,the effects of auditory,accessory stimulation on the processing,of visual stimuli using scalp elec- trophysiology,(Experiment 1) and,a diffusion model,analysis (Experiment 2). In accordance with previous studies, lateral- ized readiness,potentials indicated that

Marieke Jepma; Eric-jan Wagenmakers; Guido P. H. Band; Sander Nieuwenhuis

2009-01-01

166

21 CFR 884.4160 - Unipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...temperatures by directing a high frequency electrical current through the tissue between an energized...may include the following accessories: an electrical generator, probes and electrical cables, and a patient grounding...

2013-04-01

167

49 CFR 178.255-7 - Protection of valves and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...valves, fittings, accessories, safety devices, gauging devices, and...shall be designed with a minimum factor of safety of four to withstand loadings...

2013-10-01

168

26 CFR 48.4062(b)-1 - Rebuilt parts or accessories sold on an exchange basis.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Motor Vehicles, Tires, Tubes, Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4062(b)-1 Rebuilt parts or accessories...

2013-04-01

169

21 CFR 878.4200 - Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4200 Introduction/drainage catheter and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

170

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

171

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2013-04-01

172

A variation of the extensor hallucis longus muscle (accessory extensor digiti secundus muscle).  

PubMed

An accessory muscle adjacent to the extensor hallucis longus muscle (EHL) was observed between the EHL and the extensor digitorum longus muscle (EDL) in the anterior side of both legs of the cadaver of a 72-year-old male, during educational dissection, and it was observed that the tendon of this muscle extended to the second toe. The tendon of this muscle united with the second toe tendon of the EDL. These common tendons appeared before reaching the toe media phalanxes and extended to the related media phalanxes of toe. However, an additional tendon separating from this accessory muscle tendon united with the EHL tendon at the left foot. This accessory muscle, unlike the variations identified to date, is considered to extend to the second toe, and the name "accessory extensor digiti secundus muscle" is offered. PMID:21559883

Tezer, Murat; Cicekcibasi, Aynur Emine

2012-06-01

173

Pollution Prevention Assessment for a Manufacturer of Automotive Lighting Equipment and Accessories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The WMAC team at the University of Louisville performed an assessment at a plant that manufactures automotive lighting equipment and accessories. Plant operations include plastic injection molding, metal pressing and punching, painting, and assembly. The ...

M. Fleischman B. Couch A. Handmaker G. P. Looby

1995-01-01

174

The ABCs of Accessory Breast Tissue: Basic Information Every Radiologist Should Know.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE. Accessory breast tissue, residual breast tissue persisting from embryologic development, is found in up to 6% of the population, most commonly in the axilla along the "milk line." CONCLUSION. Radiologists should be able to recognize the imaging appearance of this normal variant on multiple modalities, while at the same time understanding that the same spectrum of pathologic processes that occur in normal breast tissue can occur in accessory breast tissue as well. PMID:24758674

Defilippis, Ersilia M; Arleo, Elizabeth Kagan

2014-05-01

175

Health warning labelling practices on narghile (shisha, hookah) waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundWaterpipe tobacco smoking prevalence is increasing around the globe despite current evidence that smoke emissions are toxic and contain carcinogenic compounds.ObjectiveTo evaluate current health warning labelling practices on waterpipe tobacco products and related accessories.MethodsAll waterpipe tobacco products, as well as waterpipe accessories, were purchased from Lebanon and a convenience sample was obtained from Dubai (United Arab Emirates), Palestine, Syria, Jordan,

Rima Nakkash; Joanna Khalil

2010-01-01

176

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle with high division of the tibial nerve.  

PubMed

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle associated with a high division of the tibial nerve was encountered during routine dissection in the right leg of a newborn cadaver. The tibial nerve divided into its two terminal branches at a higher level than normal with a small branch from the tibial nerve contributing to one of the terminal branches. In addition, an accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle was observed to pass between the terminal branches of the tibial nerve. PMID:11370145

Kurtoglu, Z; Uluutku, M H; Can, M A; Onderoglu, S

2001-01-01

177

Two speed accessory transmission with optional neutral mode  

SciTech Connect

An underdrive accessory transmission associated with an engine is described comprising: a planetary gear set comprising a sun gear having an integrally formed shaft planet gears positioned about and drivingly engaging the sun gear, a planet gear carrier, and a ring gear positioned about and drivingly engaging the planet gears, wherein the ring gear provides rotational input to the transmission from the engine; a fixed cover for the transmission; cone clutch slidably affixed on the shaft of the sun gear and being capable of axial movement along the shaft; means for sliding the cone clutch axially along the shaft of the sun gear; an output shaft, the planet gear carrier being affixed about the output shaft; and a one way clutch and support bearing being positioned between the sun gear and the output shaft. The clutch allows the output shaft to rotate only in the direction of engine rotation, wherein the cone clutch provides a direct drive from the engine to the output shaft when it is engaged with the ring gear, the cone clutch provides a neutral mode of operation when it is disengaged from both the ring gear and the transmission cover, and the cone clutch provides an underdrive to the output shaft when it is engaged with the cover.

Sivalingam, R.

1987-11-17

178

Os intermetatarseum: a heritable accessory bone of the human foot.  

PubMed

The os intermetatarseum is a relatively common accessory bone of the human foot located at the tarsometatarsal border between the first and second metatarsals. It can occur as an independent ossicle or as an osseous spur projecting from the proximal ends of the first two metatarsals, or the distal end of the first cuneiform. To determine the frequency of this congenital defect in native North American groups and East Asians from Japan, the skeletons of 846 Native Americans and 125 modern Japanese and Ainu were examined for the presence of the os intermetatarseum. The North American skeletons are from archaeological sites in various parts of Canada and the United States, including the Arctic coast, the Subarctic, the Aleutian Islands, the Northern Plains, the Illinois River area, and the Southwest. Overall frequencies ranged from no occurrence among the Arctic samples to 8% of individuals from Pecos Pueblo. Second metatarsal spurs occurred in particularly high frequencies among American Indians, whereas the East Asians were only found to have os intermetatarseums associated with the first cuneiform. Because pedigrees have shown the os intermetatarseum to be an inherited defect, its high frequency among some Native Americans may be due, in part, to a higher degree of genetic relatedness among the individuals in the North American samples than among the relatively modern East Asians. PMID:9786334

Case, D T; Ossenberg, N S; Burnett, S E

1998-10-01

179

A unipolar coronary sinus mapping study of patients with left-sided atrioventricular accessory pathways.  

PubMed

So-called unipolar 'PQS pattern' is widely accepted as a hallmark of successful catheter ablation of the left-sided atrioventricular accessory pathway. However, the unipolar nature of the electrogram and the site-dependent appearance of this characteristic pattern are poorly understood. Therefore, unipolar coronary sinus (CS) mapping was performed using a multipolar fine electrode in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome associated with an antegrade left-sided accessory pathway (case group) and those with a concealed left-sided accessory pathway or atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (control group) under sinus rhythm and fixed high right atrial, CS ostial, and distal pacing. In both groups, the unipolar CS atrial electrogram showed intrinsic negative deflection (initial positive followed by negative parts) with considerable variation depending on the recording site. This unipolar configuration of the atrial electrogram was not influenced by different activation sequences during pacing at various sites. The case group exhibited a unipolar 'PQS pattern' at successful ablation sites for the left lateral to anterolateral accessory pathway. However, this was not true for the left posteroseptal accessory pathway, possibly because the negative part of the atrial electrogram distorted the 'PQS pattern' as an intervening dip. In conclusion, the site-dependent variations of the unipolar CS atrial electrogram underlie the limited usefulness of the 'PQS pattern' in left posteroseptal accessory pathway localization. PMID:16157957

Kubota, Satoko; Nakasuga, Kazuta; Maruyama, Toru; Ueda, Norihiro; Ito, Hiroyuki; Kaji, Yoshikazu; Harada, Mine

2005-07-01

180

Morphological study of accessory gland of Bothrops jararaca and its secretory cycle.  

PubMed

The venom gland apparatus of Bothrops jararaca is composed of four distinct parts: main venom gland, primary duct, accessory gland and secondary duct. Despite the numerous studies concerning morphology and venom production and secretion in the main venom gland, there are few studies about the accessory gland and its secretion. We characterized the accessory gland of B. jararaca snake and determined the secretion cycle by morphological analysis using light and transmission electron microscopy. Our data showed that the accessory gland of B. jararaca has a simple secretory epithelium with at least six types of cells in the anterior region: two types of secretory cells, mitochondria-rich cells without secretory vesicles, horizontal cells, dark cells and basal cells, and in the posterior region a simple epithelium with two types of cells: seromucous cells and horizontal cells. Furthermore, the mucous secretory cells of the accessory gland show a delayed and massive exocytosis that occurs four days after the extraction of venom. Morphological analysis at different steps after venom extraction showed that the accessory gland has a long cycle of production and secretion, which is not synchronous with the main venom gland secretory cycle. PMID:22227156

Sakai, Fernanda; Carneiro, Sylvia M; Yamanouye, Norma

2012-03-01

181

Characterization of the B6.61 polymerase ribozyme accessory domain  

PubMed Central

The “RNA world” hypothesis rests on the assumption that RNA polymerase ribozymes can replicate RNA without the use of protein. In the laboratory, in vitro selection has been used to create primitive versions of such polymerases. The best variant to date is a ribozyme called B6.61 that can extend a RNA primer template by 20 nucleotides (nt). This polymerase has two domains: the recently crystallized Class I ligase core, responsible for phosphodiester bond formation, and the poorly characterized accessory domain that makes polymerization possible. Here we find that the accessory domain is specified by a 37-nt bulged stem–loop structure. The accessory domain is positioned by a tertiary interaction between the terminal AL4 loop of the accessory and the J3/4 triloop found within the ligase core. This docking interaction is associated with an unwinding of the A3 and A4 helixes that appear to facilitate the correct positioning of an essential 8-nt purine bulge found between the two helices. This, together with other constraints inferred from tethering the accessory domain to a range of sites on the ligase core, indicates that the accessory domain is draped over the vertex of the ligase core tripod structure. This geometry suggests how the purine bulge in the polymerase replaces the P2 helix in the Class I ligase with a new structure that may facilitate the stabilization of incoming nucleotide triphosphates.

Wang, Qing S.; Cheng, Leslie K.L.; Unrau, Peter J.

2011-01-01

182

Identification of Accessory Spleens During Laparoscopic Splenectomy Is Superior to Preoperative Computed Tomography for Detection of Accessory Spleens  

PubMed Central

Background: Missed accessory spleen (AcS) can cause recurrence of hematologic disease after splenectomy. The objective of the study was to determine whether detection of AcS is more accurate with preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan or with exploration during laparoscopic splenectomy. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for 75 adult patients who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy for various hematologic disorders from 1999 to 2009. Preoperative CT scans were performed in all patients. Patients were followed for recurrence of disease, and a scintigraphy scan was performed in those with suspected missed AcS. Results: The most common diagnosis was idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in 29 patients (39%), followed by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 22 patients (29%). Sixteen AcSs were found during surgery in 15 patients (20%), and preoperative CT scan identified 2 of these. Twelve AcSs were located at the splenic hilum (75%). Nine patients experienced recurrence of their disease, and none had a missed AcS on subsequent scintigraphy. Sensitivity of exploratory laparoscopy for detection of AcS was 100%, and for preoperative CT scan was 12.5% (P = .005). Conclusion: Exploratory laparoscopy during splenectomy is more accurate than preoperative imaging with CT scan for detection of AcS. Preoperative CT scan misses AcS frequently and should not be obtained for the purpose of its identification.

Pahuja, Anil K.; Nemeth, Zoltan H.; Abkin, Alexander; Carter, Mitchel S.

2012-01-01

183

Mineral Sands Down Under  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes what mineral sands are, and discusses the heavy, dark-colored minerals that they contain (rutile, ilmenite, zircon, monazite). A map shows locations of mineral sands deposits in Australia.

184

Minerals and Fossils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is dedicated to rock and mineral collecting. It contains information for worldwide mineral and fossil collectors with articles, mineral photos, videos, a search engine and free classified ads.

Mineraltown.com

185

Regulation of the epithelial sodium channel by accessory proteins.  

PubMed Central

The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is of fundamental importance in the control of sodium fluxes in epithelial cells. Modulation of sodium reabsorption through the distal nephron ENaC is an important component in the overall control of sodium balance, blood volume and thereby of blood pressure. This is clearly demonstrated by rare genetic disorders of sodium-channel activity (Liddle's syndrome and pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1), associated with contrasting effects on blood pressure. The mineralocorticoid aldosterone is a well-established modulator of sodium-channel activity. Considerable insight has now been gained into the intracellular signalling pathways linking aldosterone-mediated changes in gene transcription with changes in ion transport. Activating pathways include aldosterone-induced proteins and especially the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (SGK) and the small G-protein, K-Ras 2A. Targeting of the ENaC for endocytosis and degradation is now emerging as a major mechanism for the down-regulation of channel activity. Several proteins acting in concert are an intrinsic part of this process but Nedd4 (neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4) is of central importance. Other mechanisms known to interact with ENaC and affect sodium transport include channel-activating protease 1 (CAP-1), a membrane-anchored protein, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator. The implications of research on accessory factors controlling ENaC activity are wide-ranging. Understanding cellular mechanisms controlling ENaC activity may provide a more detailed insight not only of ion-channel abnormalities in cystic fibrosis but also of the link between abnormal renal sodium transport and essential hypertension.

Gormley, Kelly; Dong, Yanbin; Sagnella, Giuseppe A

2003-01-01

186

The zircon-thorite mineral group in metasomatized granite, Ririwai, Nigeria 1. Geochemistry and metastable solid solution of thorite and coffinite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary At Ririwai, Nigeria, a biotite granite has suffered extensive post-magmatic metasomatism to produce albitized, microclinized, and greisenized rocks; the latter two lithologies form the wallrocks adjacent to tin-zinc vein-style mineralization. All the rock-types carry accessory amounts of thorite, locally accompanied by trace amounts of paragenetically late coffinite and xenotime. Petrographical and electron-microprobe data are presented for these minerals. In

C. M. Pointer; J. R. Ashworth; R. A. Ixer

1988-01-01

187

Batisivite, V 8 Ti 6 [Ba(Si 2 O)]O 28 , a new mineral species from the derbylite group  

Microsoft Academic Search

Batisivite has been found as an accessory mineral in the Cr-V-bearing quartz-diopside metamorphic rocks of the Slyudyanka\\u000a Complex in the southern Baikal region, Russia. A new mineral was named after the major cations in its ideal formula (Ba, Ti,\\u000a Si, V). Associated minerals are quartz, Cr-V-bearing diopside and tremolite; calcite; schreyerite; berdesinskiite; ankangite;\\u000a V-bearing titanite; minerals of the chromite-coulsonite, eskolaite-karelianite,

L. Z. Reznitsky; E. V. Sklyarov; T. Armbruster; E. V. Galuskin; Z. F. Ushchapovskaya; Yu. S. Polekhovsky; N. S. Karmanov; A. A. Kashaev; I. G. Barash

2008-01-01

188

Mineral Scavenger Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners participate in a scavenger hunt, searching for and recognizing minerals and products that contain minerals. They make note of their finds on a Mineral Scavenger Hunt checklist. Learners search for the materials in their classroom, at home, or even in stores. This resource includes discussion questions to encourage learner reflection about how minerals play a role in daily life.

History, National M.

2010-01-01

189

The geologic relationships of industrial mineral deposits and asbestos in the western united states  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In recent years, U.S. regulatory agencies have placed emphasis on identifying and regulating asbestos dust exposures in the mining environment, with a particular focus upon industrial mineral deposits in which asbestos occurs as an accessory mineral. Because asbestos minerals form in specific geologic environments, only certain predictable types of industrial mineral deposits can potentially host asbestos mineralization. By applying a basic knowledge of asbestos geology, the costly and time consuming efforts of asbestos monitoring and analyses can be directed towards those mineral deposit types most likely to contain asbestos mineralogy, while saving efforts on the mineral deposits that are unlikely to contain asbestos. While the vast majority of industrial mineral deposits in the Western United States are asbestos-free, there are several types that can, in some instances, host asbestos mineralization, or be closely associated with it. These industrial mineral deposits include a few types of aggregate, dimension, and decorative stone, and some deposits of chromite-nickel, magnesite, nepheline syenite, olivine, rare earth elements, talc, vermiculite, and wollastonite.

VanGosen, B. S.

2009-01-01

190

Accessory roots in maxillary molar teeth: a review and endodontic considerations.  

PubMed

Maxillary molar teeth may have accessory roots. The aim of this paper is to review and discuss the endodontic implications of this anatomical variation. A review of the literature was undertaken to identify studies and reported cases where accessory roots have been recorded in maxillary molar teeth. The results show that although the prevalence of accessory roots in maxillary molar teeth is low, they can exist in all three types of maxillary molar teeth, and they may be located palatally, buccally, mesially or distally. Hence, it is essential that dentists undertaking root canal treatment thoroughly assess all teeth to determine how many roots are present in order to provide the best possible outcome of treatment for the patient. PMID:22624750

Ahmed, H M A; Abbott, P V

2012-06-01

191

Simultaneous occurrence of an aberrant right subclavian artery and accessory lobe of the liver.  

PubMed

We herein report a case showing the simultaneous occurrence of an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) and accessory lobe of the liver in a 75-year-old female cadaver. In the thorax, the left aortic arch branched into the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery, and ARSA, in that order. The ARSA was dilated at its origin to form Kommerell's diverticulum and coursed behind the esophagus. This diverticulum seemed to press the esophagus. A right-sided thoracic duct was identified that emptied into the angulus venosus. In the right-sided neck, a nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve was found. In the abdominal cavity, an accessory lobe protruded from the anterior margin of the left liver lobe. The accessory lobe was separated from the left lobe by a transverse furrow on the anterior side. We discuss possible common causes of these anomalies during development. PMID:21331760

Kaidoh, Toshiyuki; Inoué, Takao

2011-09-01

192

Meningioma of the accessory nerve extending from the jugular foramen into the parapharyngeal space.  

PubMed

A 35-year-old man presented with pain in the right shoulder and neck for 18 months. The neurological examination revealed complete accessory nerve palsy on the right side without further deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a right parapharyngeal tumour expanding into the posterior fossa through the jugular foramen without dural attachment and absence of invasion into the middle ear cavity or internal auditory meatus. Intraoperative inspection disclosed a tumour originating from the accessory nerve. Histological diagnosis revealed a meningothelial meningioma with invasion of the epineural space. To the knowledge of the authors this is the first report of an accessory nerve meningioma in the jugular foramen associated with a posterior fossa component and extension into the parapharyngeal space. PMID:15877177

Tatagiba, M; Koerbel, A; Bornemann, A; Freudenstein, D

2005-08-01

193

Accessory lateral rectus in a patient with normal ocular motor control.  

PubMed

: Although supernumerary extraocular muscles are common in monkeys and other species, they are relatively rare in humans and typically are noted in the context of childhood strabismus. We present a case of an incidentally found unilateral accessory lateral rectus muscle in a 51-year-old woman with normal ocular motor control. In this patient, the accessory lateral rectus was approximately 10% the size of a normally sized lateral rectus muscle. It originated from the orbital apex, traveled between the optic nerve and the lateral rectus and attached to the superolateral aspect of the globe. This unique case demonstrates that accessory lateral rectus in humans may have no impact on eye movement and ocular alignment. PMID:24796602

Liao, Yaping Joyce; Hwang, Jaclyn J

2014-06-01

194

Epidermoid cyst arising from an intrapancreatic accessory spleen: A case report and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

We describe an epidermoid cyst arising from an accessory spleen of the pancreas. A 56-year-old female with iron deficiency anemia presented with dizziness. During the clinical workup, a 2×4 cm-sized mass was incidentally detected in the tail of the pancreas in a computed tomography (CT) scan. Under a clinical diagnosis of pancreatic cystic malignant tumor, a distal pancreatectomy was carried out. Grossly, the lesion was composed of a solid and cystic portion. Microscopic analysis revealed that the solid portion was an intrapancreatic accessory spleen and the cystic portion was an epidermoid cyst. An epidermoid cyst in an intrapancreatic accessory spleen is extremely rare and hence difficult to diagnose pre-operatively. Taking into account the possibility of such a cyst in the differential diagnosis of intrapancreatic cystic lesion is recommended.

HONG, RAN; CHOI, NAMKYU; SUN, KYUNGHOON; LIM, SHARON; HAN, YUNJU

2013-01-01

195

Male Breast Cancer Originating in an Accessory Mammary Gland in the Axilla: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Carcinoma of an accessory mammary gland is an extremely rare tumor. A 61-year-old male patient presented with a hard mass measuring 85?mm × 51?mm in the left axilla. Incisional biopsy histopathologically showed an adenocarcinoma compatible with breast carcinoma originating in an accessory mammary gland. Systemic examinations revealed no evidence of malignant or occult primary lesion in the bilateral mammary glands or in other organs. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy was performed for the locally advanced axillary tumor and reduced the tumor to 55?mm in size, and, then, he could undergo complete resection with a negative surgical margin in combination with reconstructive surgery to fill the resulting skin defect with a local flap of the latissimus dorsi muscle. The patient has presented with no metastatic lesion in four years since the operation. This unusual case shows that neoadjuvant chemotherapy is an effective and tolerated therapy for advanced accessory breast cancer in the axilla.

Yamamura, Jun; Masuda, Norikazu; Kodama, Yoshinori; Yasojima, Hiroyuki; Mizutani, Makiko; Kuriyama, Keiko; Mano, Masayuki; Nakamori, Shoji; Sekimoto, Mitsugu

2012-01-01

196

The morphometry of the accessory leaflets of the tricuspid valve in a four cuspidal model.  

PubMed

The tricuspid valve is of great importance because of the progress made in operative techniques and invasive cardiology accidents. This structure is more differentiated during evolution than the mitral valve. Accessory leaflets, their frequency and role are still controversial, despite the fact that they have been known from the beginning of the 20th century. The number of leaflets in the tricuspid valve grows in an evolutionary line, but the rules governing their appearance are still not known. The samples were taken from a group of 107 human adult hearts. The four-cuspidal form of the tricuspid valve was used as the simplest model to show the appearance of accessory leaflets for anatomical and statistical examination. On the basis of the results of this study we conclude that the separation of accessory leaflets is a complex process. PMID:18058755

Skwarek, M; Hreczecha, J; Dudziak, M; Jerzemowski, J; Wilk, B; Grzybiak, M

2007-11-01

197

Symptomatic accessory soleus muscle: diagnosis and follow-up on magnetic resonance imaging.  

PubMed

The accessory soleus muscle is a rare anatomical variant which, although congenital in origin, may manifest in the second and third decades of life as a painful ankle mass or an asymptomatic ankle soft tissue swelling. We report a symptomatic accessory soleus muscle in a 21-year-old male soldier that was diagnosed and followed-up on MRI. Initial MRI showed a mass with signal characteristics of normal muscle, but in an abnormal location. There was increased intrafascial fluid and perimuscular oedema around the accessory soleus muscle. Following conservative treatment, repeat MRI showed resolution of this intrafascial fluid collection and perimuscular oedema, concurrent with relief of the patient's painful symptoms. PMID:16980668

Doda, N; Peh, W C G; Chawla, A

2006-10-01

198

Accessory spleen arising from the gastric fundus mimicking gastrointestinal stromal tumor following splenectomy: A case report  

PubMed Central

The current case report presents an accessory spleen mimicking gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of the stomach in a patient who had undergone a splenectomy ~20 years previously. A 61-year-old male, who presented with upper abdominal discomfort lasting three months, underwent gastrointestinal endoscopy. Gastroscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography revealed a smooth, hemispherical mass of ~2 cm in diameter, with homogenous echogenicity originating from the gastric muscular layer. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed that the well-marginated ovoid mass was ~2.6×1.9 cm in size. The patient was diagnosed with GIST. Subsequent therapy consisted of partial gastrectomy. The pathological results indicated the mass contained splenic tissue, which confirmed it to be an accessory spleen. Changes in the postoperative platelet count were noted. The observations of this case study highlight that platelet count should be used as a routine indicator for monitoring accessory spleen arising from gastric fundus lesion.

WANG, GUANGYAO; CHEN, PING; ZONG, LIANG

2014-01-01

199

A case of congenital fistula from an accessory parotid gland: diagnosis and treatment.  

PubMed

The author reports a case of congenital fistula from an accessory parotid gland and describes its diagnosis and treatment. The patient was referred to the author's clinic for evaluation of a continuous serous discharge from a small orifice in the left cheek near the angle of the mouth. A left preauricular appendix was also noted. Fistulography detected an aberrant duct leading to an accessory parotid gland. The main parotid gland and its duct were normal. The anomalous duct was dissected in continuity with a small ellipse of skin and sutured to the buccal mucosa. The patient's recovery was uneventful. The author also discusses the embryologic origin of this rare anomaly. PMID:22278868

Pinto, Fábio Roberto

2012-01-01

200

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy-induced accessory renal artery bleeding in an amyloidosis patient  

PubMed Central

Abstract Ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy is an important technique for diagnosis of glomerular diseases, and the biopsy-induced life-threatening bleeding rarely happens. Primary systemic amyloidosis is a rare disease which may lead to organ dysfunction including arterial stiffness. The accessory renal artery is a kind of renal vascular variation which goes into the renal parenchyma directly or via the renal hilum. Here we reported a rare case of percutaneous renal biopsy-induced accessory renal artery life-threatening bleeding in a renal amyloidosis patient, and our experience of successful rescue in this patient. Virtual Slides http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1524207344817819

2012-01-01

201

Peroneus quartus, an accessory muscle in human: case report and its clinical importance.  

PubMed

The peroneus quartus is an accessory peroneal muscle seen in man. The term 'peroneus quartus' is often used to refer one or several of the accessory peroneal muscles. In this case, we report an unusual type of peroneus quartus which was originating from the muscular portion of the peroneus brevis and inserting onto the peroneus longus tendon. The clinical implications are emphasized with the morphological significance and literature review. The orthopedic surgeons and radiologists should be aware of the possible presence of this muscle not only because of its associated pathology, but also for its potential use in plastic surgeries. PMID:23007814

Murlimanju, B V; D'Souza, P S; Prabhu, L V; Saralaya, V V; David, S J

2012-07-01

202

Lateral facial cleft associated with accessory mandible having teeth, absent parotid gland and peripheral facial weakness.  

PubMed

Transverse facial cleft is a very rare malformation. The Tessier no. 7 cleft is a lateral facial cleft which emanates from oral cavity and extends towards the tragus, involving both soft tissue and skeletal components. Here, we present a case having transverse facial cleft, accessory mandible having teeth, absent parotid gland and ipsilateral peripheral facial nerve weakness. After surgical repair of the cleft in 2-month of age, improvement of the facial nerve function was detected in 3-year of age. Resection of the accessory mandible was planned in 5-6 years of age. PMID:24269646

Ozçelik, D; Toplu, G; Türkseven, A; Senses, D A; Yi?it, B

2014-07-01

203

Imaging diagnosis of accessory and cavitated uterine mass, a rare mullerian anomaly  

PubMed Central

Accessory and Cavitated Uterine Mass (ACUM) is a rare form of developmental Mullerian anomaly seen in young females, which presents as chronic recurrent pelvic pain and severe dysmenorrhea. It is an accessory cavity lying within an otherwise normal uterus. It is lined by functional endometrium and surrounded by myometrium-like smooth muscle cells; hence, it bears striking macroscopic and microscopic resemblance to the uterus. Hysterosalpingography (HSG), Ultrasonography (USG), and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) form the mainstay of diagnostic imaging. The entity is often under diagnosed; therefore, a high index of suspicion combined with HSG and MRI imaging can help in making an accurate diagnosis.

Jain, Nishchint; Verma, Ritu

2014-01-01

204

Littoral cell angioma in main and accessory intrapancreatic spleen presenting as splenic rupture.  

PubMed

We report the incidental finding of a nodular mass in the pancreatic tail on a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan preinterventional to emergency laparotomy for splenic rupture. Because of the past surgical history and radiologic appearance, differential diagnosis included atypical lymphoma in the spleen and regional lymph node, pancreatic adenocarcinoma with splenic metastasis, and intrapancreatic metastase of malignant melanoma; the patient underwent both splenectomy and pancreatic tail resection. A diagnosis of littoral cell angioma in main and accessory intrapancreatic spleen was made. To our knowledge, this is the first description of littoral cell angioma of the spleen involving both main and accessory organ presenting as splenic rupture. PMID:20409532

Pilz, Julia B; Sperschneider, Toralf; Lutz, Thomas; Loosli, Bruno; Maurer, Christoph A

2011-02-01

205

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Accessory Protein 4a Is a Type I Interferon Antagonist  

PubMed Central

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe acute respiratory infection with as yet unclear epidemiology. We previously showed that MERS-CoV counteracts parts of the innate immune response in human bronchiolar cells. Here we analyzed accessory proteins 3, 4a, 4b, and 5 for their abilities to inhibit the type I interferon response. Accessory protein 4a was found to block interferon induction at the level of melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) activation presumably by direct interaction with double-stranded RNA.

Niemeyer, Daniela; Zillinger, Thomas; Muth, Doreen; Zielecki, Florian; Horvath, Gabor; Suliman, Tasnim; Barchet, Winfried; Weber, Friedemann

2013-01-01

206

Mating-induced reduction in accessory reproductive organ size in the stalk-eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni  

PubMed Central

Background Internal reproductive organ size is an important determinant of male reproductive success. While the response of testis length to variation in the intensity of sperm competition is well documented across many taxa, few studies address the importance of testis size in determining other components of male reproductive success (such as mating frequency) or the significance of size variation in accessory reproductive organs. Accessory gland length, but not testis length, is both phenotypically and genetically correlated with male mating frequency in the stalk-eyed fly Cyrtodiopsis dalmanni. Here we directly manipulate male mating status to investigate the effect of copulation on the size of both the testes and the accessory glands of C. dalmanni. Results Accessory gland length was positively correlated with male mating frequency. Copulation induced a significant decrease in accessory gland size. The size of the accessory glands then recovered slowly over the next 8–48 hours. Neither testis length nor testis area was altered by copulation. Conclusion These results reveal that the time course of accessory gland recovery corresponds to field observations of mating behaviour and suggest that accessory gland size may limit male mating frequency in C. dalmanni.

Rogers, David W; Chapman, Tracey; Fowler, Kevin; Pomiankowski, Andrew

2005-01-01

207

Use of an artificial neural network to localize accessory pathways of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with 12-lead electrocardiogram.  

PubMed

Today, radio-frequency ablation has been shown to be a safe and effective method to treat paroxysmal tachycardia with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The many criteria reported for localizing the sites of accessory pathways from a 12-lead electrocardiogram have not proven adequate to differentiate the correct sites of accessory pathways for all situations. This study trained an artificial neural network to differentiate the varied features needed to localize 10 sites of accessory pathways. One hundred fifty patients underwent successful catheter ablation, with manifest single and antegradely conducting accessory pathways. Using the two electrocardiogram features of polarity of delta wave and R wave's share of QRS complex, an artificial neural network learned the characteristics of electrocardiogram waves for each site of the 10 accessory pathways through 90 learning cases, and an applicable network model was developed for testing. In 58 of 60 test cases (96.7%), sites of accessory pathways were localized correctly by the network. Based on the method employed in the present study, it thus becomes possible to predict the sites of accessory pathways with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in more detail by using an artificial neural network with a 12-lead electrocardiogram. In the future, when this method is incorporated into a conventional automatic electrocardiogram system which could analyze delta waves and ORS complex, it will become useful to automatically diagnose the locations of the accessory pathways with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome in clinical practice. PMID:16531354

Huang, Damin; Yamauchi, Kazunobu; Inden, Yasuya; Yang, Jun; Jiang, Zheng; Ida, Hiromasa; Katsuyama, Kimiko; Wang, Kai; Kato, Ken; Kato, Hiroki

2005-12-01

208

Mineral Spectroscopy Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This server is primarily dedicated to providing information about color in minerals and access to data on mineral absorption in the visible, infrared, Raman and Mossbauer spectra. Both data coordinates and images of the spectra are available for selected minerals. Most data on the server were obtained in the Caltech mineral spectroscopy labs, but individuals throughout the world also contribute to this ever growing community resource. In addition to data files, the site provides an extensive list of references to papers on mineral optical spectroscopy. Citations are available sorted both by mineral name and by first authors of papers.

Rossman, George

209

Mineral Resources: Mineral Volume, Value and Revenue.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of the Interior (Interior) administers minerals found in over 700 million acres of federal lands, 57 million acres on Indian lands, and 1.8 billion acres below offshore waters. Operators who lease these lands and extract these minerals pay ...

2012-01-01

210

Heavy Mineral Processing at Richards Bay Minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Located on the eastern shores of South Africa, 180 km north of Durban, Richards Bay Minerals (RBM) produces approximately 2.0 million metric tonnes of product annually making RBM a leading producer of titania slag, high purity pig iron, rutile and zircon. Heavy minerals are extracted from the nearby dunes by dredging and concentration on a floating gravity separation plant, followed

G. E. Williams; J. D. Steenkamp; Richards Bay Minerals; Richards Bay

211

Mineral Commodity Summaries, 2008.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Each chapter of the 2008 edition of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Commodity Summaries (MCS) includes information on events, trends, and issues for each mineral commodity as well as discussions and tabular presentations on domestic industry str...

2008-01-01

212

Ohio Mineral Resources Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provides information about Mineral Resources in Ohio and management. Mine safety, oil and gas, coal mining, industrial minerals, and abandoned mined lands are related subheadings for the site. Good for finding history, factual reports, programs, regulations and policies.

2008-10-06

213

Minerals in Sports  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of articles describes the uses of mineral products in sports and sporting equipment. The site also explores minerals use in safety applications in the workplace. A series of reading material sheets are included in PDF format.

2011-07-06

214

Minerals Yearbook: Cuba, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nickel was the most important mineral commodity to the Cuban economy followed by cobalt, which was produced as a byproduct of nickel mining. Other minerals produced in the country included cement, clays, crushed stone, feldspar, salt, and silica sand. Cub...

O. Bermudez-Lugo

2008-01-01

215

Accessory Cholera Enterotoxin (Ace), the Third Toxin of a Vibrio cholerae Virulence Cassette  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vibrio cholerae causes the potentially lethal disease cholera through the elaboration of the intestinal secretogen cholera toxin. A second toxin of V. cholerae, Zot, decreases intestinal tissue resistance by modifying intercellular tight junctions. In this report, a third toxin of V. cholerae, Ace (accessory cholera enterotoxin), is described. Ace increases short-circuit current in Ussing chambers and causes fluid secretion in

Michele Trucksis; James E. Galen; Jane Michalski; Alessio Fasano; James B. Kaper

1993-01-01

216

Successful Ablation of Resistant Left Lateral Accessory Pathway and Coexisting Atypical Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia  

PubMed Central

A 41-year-old male was presented with drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia. Electrophysiological study confirmed that the supraventricular tachycardia was caused by dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and a left lateral accessory pathway (AP). The left lateral AP was resistant to traditional endocardial ablation, but was successfully eliminated by radiofrequency ablation via the intracoronary sinus approach.

2013-01-01

217

Limelight on two HIV\\/SIV accessory proteins in macrophage infection: Is Vpx overshadowing Vpr?  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV viruses encode a set of accessory proteins, which are important determinants of virulence due to their ability to manipulate the host cell physiology for the benefit of the virus. Although these viral proteins are dispensable for viral growth in many in vitro cell culture systems, they influence the efficiency of viral replication in certain cell types. Macrophages are early

Diana Ayinde; Claire Maudet; Catherine Transy; Florence Margottin-Goguet

2010-01-01

218

The accessory function of B lymphocytes is resistant to the adverse effects of UV radiation.  

PubMed

The effect of UV radiation on the accessory activities of B lymphoblastoid cell lines (B-LCL) was investigated in three types of in vitro T lymphocyte proliferation assay, each of which differed in its accessory requirements. In contrast to monocytes whose accessory function was universally sensitive to UV radiation, B-LCL were resistant to UV in oxidative mitogenesis and staphylococcal enterotoxin B assays, in which stimulus processing was not a requirement. Expression of membrane interleukin (IL) 1 and HLA-DR antigens by B-LCL and monocytes was not affected by UV, nor was surface membrane expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) on B-LCL. These results were in marked contrast to monocytes in which there was a greater than 65% reduction in ICAM-1 expression. When UV-irradiated B-LCL were employed as antigen-presenting cells for tetanus toxoid-dependent T cell stimulation, a reduction in antigen-presenting function was observed. However, pulsing of B-LCL with tetanus toxoid prior to UV irradiation preserved their antigen-presenting capacity in this system also. These findings indicate that there is differential UV sensitivity among accessory cells which may be explained by different effects of UV radiation on antigen processing and adhesion molecule expression. PMID:1671836

Hertl, M; Kaplan, D R; Fayen, J D; Panuska, J R; Ellner, J J; Elmets, C A

1991-02-01

219

Meningioma of the accessory nerve extending from the jugular foramen into the parapharyngeal space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary A 35-year-old man presented with pain in the right shoulder and neck for 18 months. The neurological examination revealed complete accessory nerve palsy on the right side without further deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a right parapharyngeal tumour expanding into the posterior fossa through the jugular foramen without dural attachment and absence of invasion into the middle ear cavity

M. Tatagiba; A. Koerbel; A. Bornemann; D. Freudenstein

2005-01-01

220

Characteristics and radiofrequency ablation in posteroseptal and left free-wall subepicardial accessory pathways  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory pathways (APs) that can only be ablated from the coronary sinus are likely to be located subepicardially. The electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiological characteristics as well as the immediate radiofrequency ablation success rate and the recurrence rate were compared in 15 patients (11 posteroseptal and 4 left free-wall) with subepicardial APs and in 31 control patients with posteroseptal (15) and

Sou Takenaka; San-Jou Yeh; Ming-Shien Wen; Kuan-Hung Yeh; Chun-Chieh Wang; Fun-Chung Lin; Delon Wu

2005-01-01

221

Type II Endoleaks Involving an Accessory Renal Artery and the Inferior Mesenteric Artery  

SciTech Connect

Two patients are described with type II endoleaks involving an accessory renal artery and the inferior mesenteric artery. One patient was successfully embolized via the translumbar route. The other continues to be observed; the endoleak is expected to close spontaneously because both the inflow and outflow are significantly compromised.

Martin, E. C., E-mail: emartin@chpnet.org [St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Todd, George J. [St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, Department of Surgery (United States)

2011-02-15

222

The functional interaction of accessory proteins and voltage-gated sodium channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sodium channels are important transmembrane proteins that underlie membrane excitability, including the excitability of neurons in pain pathways. The biophysical properties and densities of sodium channels are modulated by the presence of accessory ß-subunits, with the intracellular and extracellular binding properties of the ß1- subunit being particularly important in node of Ranvier formation. Other proteins interact with sodium channels, some

Kenji Okuse; Mark D. Baker

223

Accessory atrioventricular pathways and atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in teenagers. Electrophysiologic characteristics and radiofrequency catheter ablation.  

PubMed

Accessory pathway-mediated tachyarrhythmias and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia represent a large portion of supraventricular tachycardia in younger patients. Reports comparing electrophysiologic characteristics and results of radiofrequency ablation between teenagers and adults from the same electrophysiology laboratory are rare, and these deserve further study. This study included 49 teenage patients (mean age 17 +/- 3 years, range from 10 to 20) and 1008 adult patients (mean age 50 +/- 13 years, range from 21 to 92) referred for electrophysiologic study and radiofrequency ablation for treatment of accessory pathway-mediated and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. The results showed that: (1) mean duration of tachyarrhythmia was shorter in teenagers, but incidences of syncope, cardioversion for hemodynamic compromise and associated cardiovascular diseases were similar in both groups; (2) teenagers had a higher incidence of right-sided free wall accessory pathways (34.1% vs 14.9%, p = 0.048) and better conduction properties of accessory pathways and AV nodal pathways; (3) fast-slow and multiple forms of AV nodal reentrant tachycardia were significantly less frequent (p = 0.026) in teenagers, whereas atrial fibrillation with ventricular preexcitation was common in adults; (4) success rate, incidence of recurrent tachycardia, total procedure time, radiation exposure time and number of radiofrequency pulses for successful ablation did not differ significantly between teenagers and adults. In conclusion: (1) different electrophysiologic characteristics were found between teenagers and adults; and (2) radiofrequency ablation was effective and safe in teenagers with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. PMID:7650838

Tai, C T; Chen, S A; Chiang, C E; Wu, T J; Cheng, C C; Chiou, C W; Lee, S H; Ueng, K C; Wang, S P; Chiang, B N

1995-05-01

224

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle with high division of the tibial nerve  

Microsoft Academic Search

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle associated with a high division of the tibial nerve was encountered during routine dissection in the right leg of a newborn cadaver. The tibial nerve divided into its two terminal branches at a higher level than normal with a small branch from the tibial nerve contributing to one of the terminal branches. In addition,

Z. Kurtoglu; M. H. Uluutku; M. A. Çan; S. Önderoglu

2001-01-01

225

Complementary use of computerized tomography and technetium scanning in the diagnosis of accessory spleen  

SciTech Connect

A patient with a previous splenectomy presented with acute gastrointestinal bleeding. He was found to have a benign gastric ulcer, esophagogastric varices, and a mass indenting the gastric fundus. Abdominal computerized tomography and technetium liver-spleen scanning established the diagnosis of an accessory spleen as cause for the mass effect. This diagnostic approach obviated the need for arteriography and exploratory laparotomy.

Joshi, S.N.; Wolverson, M.K.; Cusworth, R.B.; Nair, S.G.; Perrillo, R.P.

1980-11-01

226

Assessment of exposure to manganese in welding operations during the assembly of heavy excavation machinery accessories.  

PubMed

Welder exposure to metals in various industrial sectors is poorly characterized. We had the opportunity to carry out an exploratory study to characterize manganese exposure in welding operations in a recently established Quebec factory that assembled accessories for heavy excavation machinery. Ten workers were sampled for total manganese for at least two consecutive days out of three followed by two consecutive days for respirable manganese (with a size selective sampler with a median cut-off of 4 microns), during a typical week in the summer of 1998. Parts being welded were characterized as large or small. Small parts were those being welded on tables during subassembly. Workers were divided into two groups according to the parts they were welding. Seventy-eight percent of the total manganese exposure levels of welding operations during the assembly of large accessories of heavy excavation machinery exceeded the manganese American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) threshold limit value (TLV) of 0.20 mg/m3 (GM 0.24 mg/m3, n = 14) while none exceeded the TLV during the assembly of small pieces (GM 0.06 mg/m3, n = 8). Welding operations during the assembly of large heavy excavation machinery accessories may pose a significant health hazard. Considering the importance of task-related variables affecting exposure among workers, further studies are needed to better characterize exposure determinants of welding operations during the assembly of heavy excavation machinery accessories. PMID:11036725

Smargiassi, A; Baldwin, M; Savard, S; Kennedy, G; Mergler, D; Zayed, J

2000-10-01

227

Molecular Population Genetics of Male Accessory Gland Proteins in the Drosophila simulans Complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory gland proteins are a major component of Drosophila seminal fluid. These proteins have a variety of functions and may be subject to sexual selection and\\/or antagonistic evolution between the sexes. Most population genetic data from these proteins are from D. melanogaster and D. simulans. Here, we extend the population genetic analysis of Acp genes to the other simulans complex

Andrew D. Kern; Corbin D. Jones; David J. Begun

2004-01-01

228

Structure and molecular organization of the photosynthetic accessory pigments of cyanobacteria and red algae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) and Rhodophyta (red algae) contain high concentrations of photosynthetic accessory pigments (phycobiliproteins) which trap light energy in the region between 400 and 650 nm. The electronic excitation energy is then transferred along a chain of these pigments to the reaction center chlorophyll of Photosystem II by a radiationless induced resonance process.

Alexander N. Glazer

1977-01-01

229

The effect of water on accessory phase solubility in subaluminous and peralkaline granitic melts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The solubilities of columbite, tantalite, wolframite, rutile, zircon and hafnon were determined as a function of the water contents in peralkaline and subaluminous granite melts. All experiments were conducted at 1035 °C and 2 kbar and the water contents of the melts ranged from nominally dry to approximately 6 wt.% H 2O. Accessory phase solubilities are not affected by the water content of the peralkaline melt. By contrast, solubilities are affected by the water content of the subaluminous melt, where the solubilities of all the accessory phases examined increase with the water content of the melt, up to ˜2 wt.% H 2O. At higher water contents, solubilities are nearly constant. It can be concluded that water is not an important control of accessory phase solubility, although the water content will affect diffusivities of components in the melt, thus whether or not accessory phases will be present as restite material. The solubility behaviour in the subaluminous and peralkaline melts supports previous spectroscopic studies, which have observed differences in the coordination of high field strength elements in dry vs. wet subaluminous granitic glasses, but not for peralkaline granitic glasses. Lastly, the fact that wolframite solubility increases with increasing water content in the subaluminous melt suggests that tungsten dissolved as a hexavalent species.

Linnen, Robert L.

2005-03-01

230

One-Stop Outpatient Management of Accessory Auricle in Children with Titanium Clip  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Literature on ideal management of accessory auricles is limited. Traditionally, accessory auricles are managed by paediatricians with suture ligation at the base of the accessory auricle to induce ischaemic necrosis (Mehmi et al, 2007). This method can be associated with complications and poor cosmesis thus leading to the vogue of surgical excision ( Frieden et al, 1995; Sebben, 1989). We present our experience in managing these lesions in children with the application of a titanium clip in a one-stop outpatient setting. Methods. Data was collected retrospectively through review of patient records and telephone questionnaire identifying outcomes from the parents' perspective. Results. Of 42 patients, 24 (57.1%) responded. Eleven (26.2%) underwent surgical excision, 6 (14.3%) had no intervention, and 1 (2.4%) was not contactable. All parents were happy with the outcome and would recommend this management to other parents. Twenty-three (96%) had no complications apart from a tiny residual nubbin, which was considered cosmetically acceptable. One child had a residual nubbin that grew in size requiring surgical excision at later stage. Conclusion. Management of accessory auricles by the application of a titanium clip in one-stop outpatient setting is safe, simple, quick, and well tolerated with no need for admission, anaesthesia, or followup due to the low complication rate.

Laing, Tereze; Milroy, Catherine

2014-01-01

231

Dermal fibroblasts contribute to multiple tissues in the accessory limb model.  

PubMed

The accessory limb model has become an alternative model for performing investigations of limb regeneration in an amputated limb. In the accessory limb model, a complete patterned limb can be induced as a result of an interaction between the wound epithelium, a nerve and dermal fibroblasts in the skin. Studies should therefore focus on examining these tissues. To date, however, a study of cellular contributions in the accessory limb model has not been reported. By using green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic axolotl tissues, we can trace cell fate at the tissue level. Therefore, in the present study, we transgrafted GFP skin onto the limb of a non-GFP host and induced an accessory limb to investigate cellular contributions. Previous studies of cell contribution to amputation-induced blastemas have demonstrated that dermal cells are the progenitors of many of the early blastema cells, and that these cells contribute to regeneration of the connective tissues, including cartilage. In the present study, we have determined that this same population of progenitor cells responds to signaling from the nerve and wound epithelium in the absence of limb amputation to form an ectopic blastema and regenerate the connective tissues of an ectopic limb. Blastema cells from dermal fibroblasts, however, did not differentiate into either muscle or neural cells, and we conclude that dermal fibroblasts are dedifferentiated along its developmental lineage. PMID:20148925

Hirata, Ayako; Gardiner, David M; Satoh, Akira

2010-05-01

232

Functional properties of neurons in the cat gracile nucleus that project to the dorsal accessory olive  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the functional properties of neurons in the gracile nucleus that project to the dorsal accessory portion of the inferior olive (DAO) and compared these with properties of other efferents from the dorsal column nuclei (DCN). Projection neurons were identified in anesthetized cats by microstimulation within DAO. They were further tested to insure that they could not be

H. H. Molinari; J. O. Dostrovsky

1987-01-01

233

Mineral Properties Sheets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These sheets are designed to give students a framework for making observations of minerals in hand specimen and (for selected minerals) in thin section. I place most of the emphasis on the distinguishing properties, rather than requiring an exhaustive list. Students use hand specimen observation, thin section observation (for selected minerals) and references to complete the forms.

Hirsch, Dave

234

Diverse Broad-Host-Range Plasmids from Freshwater Carry Few Accessory Genes  

PubMed Central

Broad-host-range self-transferable plasmids are known to facilitate bacterial adaptation by spreading genes between phylogenetically distinct hosts. These plasmids typically have a conserved backbone region and a variable accessory region that encodes host-beneficial traits. We do not know, however, how well plasmids that do not encode accessory functions can survive in nature. The goal of this study was to characterize the backbone and accessory gene content of plasmids that were captured from freshwater sources without selecting for a particular phenotype or cultivating their host. To do this, triparental matings were used such that the only required phenotype was the plasmid's ability to mobilize a nonconjugative plasmid. Based on complete genome sequences of 10 plasmids, only 5 carried identifiable accessory gene regions, and none carried antibiotic resistance genes. The plasmids belong to four known incompatibility groups (IncN, IncP-1, IncU, and IncW) and two potentially new groups. Eight of the plasmids were shown to have a broad host range, being able to transfer into alpha-, beta-, and gammaproteobacteria. Because of the absence of antibiotic resistance genes, we resampled one of the sites and compared the proportion of captured plasmids that conferred antibiotic resistance to their hosts with the proportion of such plasmids captured from the effluent of a local wastewater treatment plant. Few of the captured plasmids from either site encoded antibiotic resistance. A high diversity of plasmids that encode no or unknown accessory functions is thus readily found in freshwater habitats. The question remains how the plasmids persist in these microbial communities.

Sen, Diya; Yano, Hirokazu; Bauer, Matthew L.; Rogers, Linda M.; Van der Auwera, Geraldine A.

2013-01-01

235

Cranial roots of the accessory nerve exist in the majority of adult humans.  

PubMed

The inclusion of a cranial root as a component of the accessory nerve is controversial with at least one recent study claiming that intracranial rootlets do not exist in humans. In response to this debate, the present study aimed to clarify this anatomy in a large cadaveric sample. In this study, 43 adult cadavers (86 sides) were dissected via a posterior approach to the craniocervical junction. Observations were made for the presence or absence of cranial roots of the accessory nerve, and when present, their lengths and diameters were measured. Relationships of these rootlets were documented. A cranial root of the accessory nerve was identified in 76% of sides. When identified, 1-6 cranial rootlets (mean 4.5) of the accessory nerve were observed. They ranged in diameter from 0.1 to 1.1 mm (mean 0.7 mm). The length of these nerves ranged from 8 to 24 mm with a mean of 17 mm. In general, the more superior rootlets were shorter and the more inferior rootlets were longer. Although there was a slight tendency for the cranial roots to be more numerous and larger on right sides and in males, this did not reach statistical significance. We believe this to be the largest study to date documenting the presence of a cranial root of the accessory nerve. Based on our findings, a cranial root exists in the majority of specimens. Neurosurgical procedures or high quality imaging of this area should enable the physician to see these structures. PMID:22855423

Tubbs, R Shane; Benninger, Brion; Loukas, Marios; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

2014-01-01

236

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit provides younger students with an introduction to rocks and minerals. Topics include the definition of a mineral, the physical properties of minerals and how they are measured, and a discussion of quartz, the most basic silicate mineral and one of the most abundant minerals in the Earth's crust. The discussion on rocks includes the rock cycle, the three rock types (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic), and how they are formed. There is also a vocabulary list and downloadable, printable worksheets for each major topic.

Medina, Philip

2010-09-08

237

Identification of two accessory muscle bundles with anomalous insertions in the flexor side of the right forearm.  

PubMed

During dissection practice held at Kyorin University School of Medicine in 2004, two anomalous muscles were observed on the Rt-forearm-flexor-side of an 83-year-old man. The results of this investigation are reported. One accessory muscle originated from the tendinous insertion of the biceps brachii and medial epicondyle. After passing through the deep layer of the pronator teres, it became tendinous, passing towards the trapezium and second metacarpal base. Its two origins fused superficial to the ulnar artery distal to the cubital fossa, and it merged with the deep region of the pronator teres. More distally, the accessory muscle formed a belly before again becoming tendinous and bifurcated, one branch attaching to the trapezium and the other fusing with the belly of the second accessory muscle. These findings suggested that this accessory muscle was similar to Gantzer's muscle. The other accessory muscle arose distal to the origin of the flexor pollicis longus and inserted onto the second metacarpal base. In addition, from the distal side of its origin, a small muscle bundle was formed and became tendinous. It fused with the insertion tendon of the first accessory muscle to the trapezium. The second accessory muscle was thought to be deep radial carpal flexor. PMID:17654842

Shiraishi, Naoki; Matsumura, George

2007-05-01

238

Helicobacter pylori hydrogenase accessory protein HypA and urease accessory protein UreG compete with each other for UreE recognition  

PubMed Central

Background The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori relies on nickel-containing urease and hydrogenase enzymes in order to colonize the host. Incorporation of Ni2+ into urease is essential for the function of the enzyme and requires the action of several accessory proteins, including the hydrogenase accessory proteins HypA and HypB and the urease accessory proteins UreE, UreF, UreG and UreH. Methods Optical biosensing methods (biolayer interferometry and plasmon surface resonance) were used to screen for interactions between HypA, HypB, UreE and UreG. Results Using both methods, affinity constants were found to be 5 nM and 13 nM for HypA–UreE and 8 µM and 14 µM for UreG-UreE. Neither Zn2+ nor Ni2+ had an effect on the kinetics or stability of the HypA–UreE complex. By contrast, addition of Zn2+, but not Ni2+, altered the kinetics and greatly increased the stability of the UreE–UreG complex, likely due in part to Zn2+-mediated oligomerization of UreE. Finally our results unambiguously show that HypA, UreE and UreG cannot form a heterotrimeric protein complex in vitro; instead, HypA and UreG compete with each other for UreE recognition. General significance Factors influencing the pathogen's nickel budget are important to understand pathogenesis and for future drug design.

Benoit, Stephane L.; McMurry, Jonathan L.; Hill, Stephanie A.; Maier, Robert J.

2014-01-01

239

Virtual Mineral Exhibit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the New York State Museum's virtual exhibit of minerals, which are classified in cases referenced by topic, location, and sponsor. The minerals are presented as a thumbnail image with specifications. Clicking on the thumbnail gives one a large zoomable image. Other exhibitions at the museum site include Splendor in Stone: Photomicrographs of Stone, which is a collection of photomicrographs of thin sections of rocks. A 3D (three-dimensional) index of minerals is also available.

240

Weathering of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students determine the % change in mass of mineral samples that have been placed in a rock tumbler. They graph the relationship between the hardness of the mineral and the % change in mass. They then consider why some of the mineral samples do not conform the the relationship they graphed. They investigate the physical properties of the outliers and consider how the physical properties contributed to the rate of weathering, and what kind of weathering occured in the rock tumbler.

Van Norden, Wendy

241

Minerals Under the Microscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides an easy-to-understand introduction to the basics of optical mineralogy. Topics include the polarized light microscope, mineral shape and cleavage, relief, color and pleochroism, interference colors, extinction angles, twinning, opacity, vibration directions and mineral identification. The site features short, clear descriptions accompanied by photographs and drawings. This website would be useful as a concise introduction to the use of a petrographic microscope in identifying minerals.

Browning, Paul; Gladstone, Charlotte

2011-03-02

242

Functional organization of glomerular maps in the mouse accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

The mammalian accessory olfactory system extracts information about species, sex and individual identity from social odors, but its functional organization remains unclear. We imaged presynaptic Ca(2+) signals in vomeronasal inputs to the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) during peripheral stimulation using light sheet microscopy. Urine- and steroid-responsive glomeruli densely innervated the anterior AOB. Glomerular activity maps for sexually mature female mouse urine overlapped maps for juvenile and/or gonadectomized urine of both sexes, whereas maps for sexually mature male urine were highly distinct. Further spatial analysis revealed a complicated organization involving selective juxtaposition and dispersal of functionally grouped glomerular classes. Glomeruli that were similarly tuned to urines were often closely associated, whereas more disparately tuned glomeruli were selectively dispersed. Maps to a panel of sulfated steroid odorants identified tightly juxtaposed groups that were disparately tuned and dispersed groups that were similarly tuned. These results reveal a modular, nonchemotopic spatial organization in the AOB. PMID:24880215

Hammen, Gary F; Turaga, Diwakar; Holy, Timothy E; Meeks, Julian P

2014-07-01

243

DNA Polymerase ? and ? Switch by Sharing Accessory Subunits of DNA Polymerase ?*  

PubMed Central

Translesion DNA synthesis is an important branch of the DNA damage tolerance pathway that assures genomic integrity of living organisms. The mechanisms of DNA polymerase (Pol) switches during lesion bypass are not known. Here, we show that the C-terminal domain of the Pol ? catalytic subunit interacts with accessory subunits of replicative DNA Pol ?. We also show that, unlike other members of the human B-family of DNA polymerases, the highly conserved and similar C-terminal domains of Pol ? and Pol ? contain a [4Fe-4S] cluster coordinated by four cysteines. Amino acid changes in Pol ? that prevent the assembly of the [4Fe-4S] cluster abrogate Pol ? function in UV mutagenesis. On the basis of these data, we propose that Pol switches at replication-blocking lesions occur by the exchange of the Pol ? and Pol ? catalytic subunits on a preassembled complex of accessory proteins retained on DNA during translesion DNA synthesis.

Baranovskiy, Andrey G.; Lada, Artem G.; Siebler, Hollie M.; Zhang, Yinbo; Pavlov, Youri I.; Tahirov, Tahir H.

2012-01-01

244

[A case of accessory middle cerebral artery associated with internal carotid artery aneurysm (author's transl)].  

PubMed

A case of accessory middle cerebral artery associated with internal carotid artery aneurysm was reported. A 50-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with complaints of headache, nausea, vomiting and conciousness disturbance. Lumbar puncture showed bloody CSF. Right carotid angiogram revealed saccular aneurysm of the internal carotid-posterior communicating artery and accessory middle cerebral artery originating from the horizontal portion of the right anterior cerebral artery. No other vascular lesion was observed on other angiograms. Operation was performed 2 days after admission. The neck of the aneurysm was clipped. Postoperative aseptic meningitis was cured by frequent lumbar punctures, and her course was uneventful. The etiological hypothesis of these cerebral vascular anomalies was briefly discussed. PMID:530368

Munekata, K; Omori, H; Kanazawa, Y; Miyazaki, S; Fukushima, H; Kamata, K

1979-12-01

245

The genetic integrity of bacterial species: the core genome and the accessory genome, two different stories  

PubMed Central

Strains within a bacterial species typically have a set of conserved core genes and a variable set of accessory genes. The accessory genes often appear to move laterally between strains, thereby forming new trait combinations. Sometimes, genetic material also moves laterally between species, thereby resulting in diffuse borders between them. The growing number of genome sequences offers new possibilities to study these processes. Ten species for which abundant genomic data exists were here selected for analysis of the species border integrity. The average core genome similarities and relative core genome sizes (RCGSs) were determined for strain pairs within the species and for strain pairs crossing the species border. The variability within the species as well as the border integrity varies for different bacterial species. Some have very distinct borders while others are more or less indefinable. From the growing amount of genomic data, it becomes even clearer that the concept of bacterial species is, in many cases, far from absolute.

Segerman, Bo

2012-01-01

246

Photosynthetic accessory pigments - Evidence for the influence of phycoerythrin on the submarine light field  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Upwelled water-leaving spectral radiances and the submarine light-field source are theorized to have the physical scattering and absorption effects of photosynthetic accessory pigments. A laser is employed to induce phycoerythrin pigment fluorescence, and the presence of the photosynthetic accessory pigment is measured in oceanic waters with a spectral fluorescence method. Experimental data from active-passive correlation spectroscopy demonstrate that water-leaving spectral radiances of about 600 nm are highly correlated with phycoerythrin pigment fluorescence. Because the data on the phycoerythrin and chlorophyll fluorescences are entered randomly in the correlation the results are considered unambiguous. An estimate of the photopigment is derived that agrees with measurements of its laser-induced fluorescence.

Hoge, Frank E.; Swift, Robert N.

1990-01-01

247

Renal denervation in a patient with two renal accessory arteries: a case report.  

PubMed

Percutaneous renal denervation has emerged as an effective adjunct in the management of resistant hypertension. However, the limits of the renal anatomical criteria that can be successfully treated are still unknown. In this report, we describe the case of a middle-aged man with essential resistant hypertension and two small left accessory renal arteries that underwent renal denervation of both principal renal arteries. He responded well with a progressive reduction in blood pressure measuring of 16/10, 32/17 and 45/24 mmHg at 1, 6 and 12 months, respectively. At 12 months, 94% of ambulatory measurements were below 140/90 mmHg and the number of anti-hypertensive medications had decreased from six to three. Thus, it would appear that the presence of two non-ablated left accessory renal arteries does not influence the response to renal denervation. PMID:23547744

Bertoldi, Letizia; Latib, Azeem; Piraino, Daniela; Regazzoli, Damiano; Sticchi, Alessandro; Pizzetti, Giuseppe; Camici, Paolo G; Colombo, Antonio

2013-10-01

248

The EM structure of human DNA polymerase ? reveals a localized contact between the catalytic and accessory subunits  

PubMed Central

We used electron microscopy to examine the structure of human DNA pol ?, the heterotrimeric mtDNA replicase implicated in certain mitochondrial diseases and aging models. Separate analysis of negatively stained preparations of the catalytic subunit, pol ?A, and of the holoenzyme including a dimeric accessory factor, pol ?B2, permitted unambiguous identification of the position of the accessory factor within the holoenzyme. The model explains protection of a partial chymotryptic cleavage site after residue L549 of pol ?A upon binding of the accessory subunit. This interaction region is near residue 467 of pol ?A, where a disease-related mutation has been reported to impair binding of the B subunit. One pol ?B subunit dominates contacts with the catalytic subunit, while the second B subunit is largely exposed to solvent. A model for pol ? is discussed that considers the effects of known mutations in the accessory subunit and the interaction of the enzyme with DNA.

Yakubovskaya, Elena; Lukin, Mark; Chen, Zhixin; Berriman, John; Wall, Joseph S; Kobayashi, Ryuji; Kisker, Caroline; Bogenhagen, Daniel F

2007-01-01

249

Morphometric analysis and identification of characteristic features in sacra bearing accessory articulations with L5 vertebrae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background contextOccurrence of transitional vertebrae at the lumbosacral junction, especially accessory lumbosacral articulations (partial sacralization of the L5 vertebrae), is not uncommon. These transitional states are frequently associated with low back pain situations requiring surgical intervention.

Niladri Kumar Mahato

2010-01-01

250

Magnetic resonance imaging of anomalous leg muscles: accessory soleus, peroneus quartus and the flexor digitorum longus accessorius.  

PubMed

Since the availability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the suspected diagnosis of an accessory muscle of the lower extremity can now be confirmed without the need for invasive procedures. The accessory soleus, peroneus quartus, and flexor digitorum longus accessorius are anomalous muscles of the lower extremity that can be diagnosed by MRI. These accessory muscles are probably more common than once thought and can now be easily distinguished from other space occupying lesions that can occur around the ankle. MRI of these anomalous muscles enables one to make a definitive diagnosis without a biopsy. In those symptomatic patients, the origins and insertions of these accessory muscles can be accurately evaluated by MRI prior to any anticipated surgical intervention. PMID:1773991

Buschmann, W R; Cheung, Y; Jahss, M H

1991-10-01

251

Permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia involving an atrio-hisian accessory pathway: electrophysiologic and histologic correlations.  

PubMed

We present clinical, electrophysiologic and morphologic correlations of a patient with a permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia, who died from a lung tumor. At electrophysiologic study, the tachycardia circuit was suspected to involve an atrio-Hisian accessory pathway antegradely and the AV node retrogradely; a ventriculo-atrial accessory pathway was excluded. Pathologic examination revealed a right-sided atrio-Hisian accessory pathway and an area of abnormal dispersion in the distal His bundle fibers. This case is consistently different from another previously reported case in which a concealed, serpiginous, septal atrioventricular accessory pathway was demonstrated by anatomic examination. Thus, different substrates seem to be responsible for the permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia. PMID:2446280

Finzi, A; Rossi, L; Pagnoni, F; Matturri, L; Lotto, A

1987-11-01

252

26 CFR 48.4061(a)-4 - Parts or accessories sold on or in connection with chasis, bodies, etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Motor Vehicles, Tires, Tubes, Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4061(a)-4 Parts or accessories sold on...

2013-04-01

253

Mineral Classification Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise is designed to help students think about the properties of minerals that are most useful for mineral classification and identification. Students are given a set of minerals and asked to come up with a hierarchical classification scheme (a "key") that can be used to identify different mineral species. They compare their results with the products of other groups. They test the various schemes by applying them to unknown samples. While doing this exercise, the students develop observational and interpretational skill. They also begin to think about the nature of classification systems.

Perkins, Dexter

254

USGS: Mineral Resources Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Mineral Resources Program funds science to provide and communicate current, impartial information on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources." This website divides the mineral resource information, project descriptions, and products for the United States into four main regional categories: Eastern, Central, Western, and Alaska. Researchers can discover new grant opportunities and can obtain access to the National Geochemical Survey's database. Students and educators can find statistics and information on how the United State's supply-and-demand for minerals and materials affects the economy, security, and environment.

255

IL1 Receptor Accessory Protein and ST2 Comprise the IL33 Receptor Complex  

Microsoft Academic Search

IL-33 (IL-1F11) is a recently described member of the IL-1 family of cytokines that stimulates the generation of cells, cytokines, and Igs characteristic of a type 2 immune response. IL-33 mediates signal transduction through ST2, a receptor expressed on Th2 and mast cells. In this study, we demonstrate that IL-33 and ST2 form a complex with IL-1R accessory protein (IL-1RAcP),

Alissa A. Chackerian; Elizabeth R. Oldham; Erin E. Murphy; Jochen Schmitz; Stefan Pflanz; Robert A. Kastelein

256

Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis peptide pheromones produced by the accessory gene regulator agr system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory gene regulator (agr) system of staphylococci regulates the expression of virulence factors in response to cell density. The extracellular signaling molecule encoded by this system is a thiolactone-containing pheromone peptide whose primary sequence varies among staphylococcal strains. A post-translational modification of the peptide is believed to be carried out by an enzyme with a novel function, AgrB. Staphylococcal

Michael Otto

2001-01-01

257

Intermittently "Pre-Excited" ECG after Accessory Pathway Ablation: Unsuccessful Procedure or a Complication?  

PubMed Central

A 52-year-old woman with previously unsuccessful posteroseptal pathway ablation using radiofrequency energy presented with intermittently occurring short PR followed by a wide QRS complex, and complaining of palpitations with characteristics different from previous history. During a second electrophysiological procedure no signs of preexcitation were found. Ventricular discharges with fusion with sinus beats were revealed, and catheter ablation of premature contractions originating from the proximity to previous accessory pathway was carried out.

Mikhaylov, Evgeny; Voitkovskaya, Elnara; Lebedev, Dmitry

2012-01-01

258

Simultaneous occurrence of an aberrant right subclavian artery and accessory lobe of the liver  

Microsoft Academic Search

We herein report a case showing the simultaneous occurrence of an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) and accessory lobe\\u000a of the liver in a 75-year-old female cadaver. In the thorax, the left aortic arch branched into the right common carotid artery,\\u000a left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery, and ARSA, in that order. The ARSA was dilated at its origin

Toshiyuki KaidohTakao; Takao Inoué

259

Congenital accessory palpebral aperture--an addition to the spectrum of Delleman syndrome.  

PubMed

Delleman syndrome (oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome, MIM 164180) is characterized by orbital cysts, microphthalmia/anophthalmia, focal skin defects, skin appendages and multiple cerebral malformations. We herein describe a case of an 8-month-old male child with features suggestive of Delleman syndrome along with a rare congenital lid anomaly - an accessory palpebral aperture, not reported so far to the best of our knowledge. PMID:23215914

Manudhane, Aditi; Arora, Ritu; Kapoor, Seema; Rastogi, Anju; Goyal, Jawahar Lal

2013-01-01

260

[Intraoperative interruption of an accessory pathway: is it always a long-term cure for arrhythmia?].  

PubMed

We report the case of a male patient who had undergone successful cardiac surgery about 20 years previously for a posteroseptal accessory pathway that caused almost incessant orthodromic AV reentrant tachycardia, but presented again recently with new onset cardiac arrhythmia. 3D mapping demonstrated scar-related reentrant tachycardia in the right atrium with a critical isthmus between the atriotomy scar and terminal crest, which could be successfully treated using irrigated-tip high-frequency catheter ablation. PMID:21533566

Wienemann, H; Pedersen, M; Ernst, S

2012-03-01

261

Intermittent rate-dependent retrograde conduction over a concealed atrioventricular accessory pathway: what is the mechanism?  

PubMed

Intermittent retrograde conduction over an accessory pathway (AP) is quite an uncommon phenomenon. We describe the case of a 60-year-old woman with recurrent episodes of palpitations. Atrioventricular re-entry tachycardia was diagnosed at electrophysiological study. Interestingly, retrograde conduction over the AP was detectable only when ventricular pacing was performed at fast rate. Supernormal retrograde conduction over the AP was considered the most likely explanation of this unusual finding. PMID:19056746

Rordorf, Roberto; Vicentini, Alessandro; Petracci, Barbara; Landolina, Maurizio

2009-02-01

262

Inferior vena cava hypoplasia with right hepatic vein and accessory inferior hepatic vein shunt.  

PubMed

Inferior vena cava (IVC) hypoplasia is a rare condition. Venous blood flow is usually provided through collaterals in the azygos or hemiazygos venous systems. However, portosystemic shunts with intrahepatic venous collateral are extremely rare. The case is presented here of a large shunt between the right hepatic vein, accessory inferior hepatic vein, and inferior vena cava in a 37-year-old female patient with IVC hypoplasia. PMID:24590531

Cullu, N; Yeniçeri, O; Deveer, M; Tetiker, H

2014-01-01

263

Accessory cardiac bronchus and tracheal bronchus anomalies: CT-bronchoscopy and CT-bronchography findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most common developmental anomalies of bronchial tree include accessory cardiac bronchus (ACB) and tracheal bronchus (TB).\\u000a Minor bronchial anomalies include variants of TB, displaced segmental bronchi, and bronchial agenesis. We present CT-bronchoscopy\\u000a and CT-bronchography findings of three cases with either ACB or TB. Recognition of these anomalies is important, as associated\\u000a clinical complications, including recurrent episodes of infection, hemoptysis, and

Harun Yildiz; Sahin Ugurel; Kenan Soylu; Mustafa Tasar; Ibrahim Somuncu

2006-01-01

264

Cross-Talk with Myeloid Accessory Cells Regulates Human Natural Killer Cell Interferon-? Responses to Malaria  

PubMed Central

Data from a variety of experimental models suggest that natural killer (NK) cells require signals from accessory cells in order to respond optimally to pathogens, but the precise identity of the cells able to provide such signals depends upon the nature of the infectious organism. Here we show that the ability of human NK cells to produce interferon-? in response to stimulation by Plasmodium falciparum–infected red blood cells (iRBCs) is strictly dependent upon multiple, contact-dependent and cytokine-mediated signals derived from both monocytes and myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs). Contrary to some previous reports, we find that both monocytes and mDCs express an activated phenotype following short-term incubation with iRBCs and secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines. The magnitude of the NK cell response (and of the KIR? CD56bright NK cell population in particular) is tightly correlated with resting levels of accessory cell maturation, indicating that heterogeneity of the NK response to malaria is a reflection of deep-rooted heterogeneity in the human innate immune system. Moreover, we show that NK cells are required to maintain the maturation status of resting mDCs and monocytes, providing additional evidence for reciprocal regulation of NK cells and accessory cells. However, NK cell–derived signals are not required for activation of accessory cells by either iRBCs or bacterial lipolysaccharide. Together, these data suggest that there may be differences in the sequence of events required for activation of NK cells by non-viral pathogens compared to the classical model of NK activation by virus-infected or major histocompatibility complex–deficient cells. These findings have far-reaching implications for the study of immunity to infection in human populations.

Hafalla, Julius C; Riley, Eleanor M

2006-01-01

265

A case of combined parathracheal air cyst and accessory cardiac bronchus.  

PubMed

Paratracheal air cyst (PTAC) is rather frequently detected on thoracic multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) in daily practice. Accessory cardiac bronchus (ACB) is a rare anomaly; however, the incidence rate is increasing with the use of recent high quality MDCT scanners. We report a case of combined PTAC and ACB that was incidentally detected by MDCT. Three dimensional CT images revealed anatomical details. PMID:25027253

Ichikawa, Tamaki; Ono, Shun; Mori, Naoko; Sekiguchi, Tatsuya; Koizumi, Jun; Imai, Yutaka

2014-01-01

266

A variation of the extensor hallucis longus muscle (accessory extensor digiti secundus muscle)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An accessory muscle adjacent to the extensor hallucis longus muscle (EHL) was observed between the EHL and the extensor digitorum\\u000a longus muscle (EDL) in the anterior side of both legs of the cadaver of a 72-year-old male, during educational dissection,\\u000a and it was observed that the tendon of this muscle extended to the second toe. The tendon of this muscle

Murat TezerAynur; Aynur Emine Cicekcibasi

267

Interaction of CD46 with measles virus: accessory role of CD46 short consensus repeat IV  

Microsoft Academic Search

To define further the accessory role(s) of the CD46 (membrane cofactor protein) short consensus repeat (SCR) III and IV domains in the interaction of CD46 with measles virus (MV), chimeric proteins were generated by substituting domains from the structurally related protein decay accelerating factor (DAF, CD55): ‹3DAF (exchange of CD46 SCR III) and ‹4DAF (exchange of SCR IV). Transfected CHO

Dale Christiansen; Bruce Loveland; Peter Kyriakou; Marc Lanteri; Carine Escoffier; Denis Gerlier

268

Anatomic and clinical rationale of the V-sign to detect accessory axillary breast tissue.  

PubMed

The potential for breast cancer to present with lymphatic metastases, has instilled anxiety when women present with axillary masses. We discuss a simple and reliable clinical sign that can help clinicians to distinguish between axillary nodal metastases and accessory axillary breast tissue. Awareness and recognition of the "V-sign" can allay anxiety in women with accessary axillary breast tissue and prevent costly investigations in most cases. PMID:24591849

Naraynsingh, Vijay; Cawich, Shamir O; Maharaj, Ravi; Dan, Dilip; Hassranah, Dale

2014-01-01

269

Noninvasive electrocardiomapping facilitates previously failed ablation of right appendage diverticulum associated life-threatening accessory pathway.  

PubMed

Combination of structural (CT-scan) and functional (3D electrocardiomapping) imaging methods helped successfully accomplish ablation of a life-threatening manifest accessory pathway in association with a complex right atrial anomaly after previous unsuccessful attempts of endo-epicardial ablation guided by the invasive electroanatomic system in an adolescent female. Such a system has a potential to facilitate the ablation procedure and impact its outcome through accurate localization of the arrhythmogenic substrate. PMID:23252769

Hocini, Mélèze; Shah, Ashok J; Cochet, Hubert; Maury, Philippe; Denis, Arnaud; Haïssaguerre, Michel

2013-05-01

270

Perineal Lipoma With Accessory Labioscrotal Fold and Penis-like Phallus in a Female Infant With Unilateral Renal Agenesis?  

PubMed Central

We present a case of a female 46,XX infant with a perineal lipoma within an accessory labioscrotal fold containing a penis-like phallus, associated with contralateral renal agenesis and complete absence of Müllerian/paramesonephric structures. To our knowledge, this is the first report of perineal lipoma and accessory labioscrotal fold associated with urogenital abnormalities in a female. The case also has an exceptional penis-like phallus in the absence of Y chromosome material or evidence of virilization.

Mifsud, William; Sambandan, Nikola; Humphries, Paul; Sebire, Neil J.; Mushtaq, Imran

2014-01-01

271

Short adrenergic neurons and catecholamine-containing cells in vas deferens and accessory male genital glands of different mammals  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The adrenergic innervation and catecholamine-containing cells in the internal accessory male genital organs of the guinea-pig, rat, rabbit, cat, dog and macaque has been studied with a fluorescence microscopic method for the cellular localization of catecholamines and 5-hydroxytryptamine.2.The vas deferens and most of the accessory genital glands have a very dense supply of adrenergic terminals, which is resistant to hypogastric

Christer Owman; Nils O. Sjöstrand

1965-01-01

272

The UreEF Fusion Protein Provides a Soluble and Functional Form of the UreF Urease Accessory Protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four accessory proteins (UreD, UreE, UreF, and UreG) are typically required to form the nickel-containing active site in the urease apoprotein (UreABC). Among the accessory proteins, UreD and UreF have been elusive targets for biochemical and structural characterization because they are not overproduced as soluble proteins. Using the best-studied urease system, in which the Klebsiella aerogenes genes are expressed in

Jong Kyong Kim; Scott B. Mulrooney; Robert P. Hausinger

2006-01-01

273

Perineal Lipoma With Accessory Labioscrotal Fold and Penis-like Phallus in a Female Infant With Unilateral Renal Agenesis.  

PubMed

We present a case of a female 46,XX infant with a perineal lipoma within an accessory labioscrotal fold containing a penis-like phallus, associated with contralateral renal agenesis and complete absence of Müllerian/paramesonephric structures. To our knowledge, this is the first report of perineal lipoma and accessory labioscrotal fold associated with urogenital abnormalities in a female. The case also has an exceptional penis-like phallus in the absence of Y chromosome material or evidence of virilization. PMID:24857274

Mifsud, William; Sambandan, Nikola; Humphries, Paul; Sebire, Neil J; Mushtaq, Imran

2014-07-01

274

Is radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways always necessary? The case of a variant of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.  

PubMed

A 16-year-old boy was referred for radiofrequency ablation of an accessory pathway. He had not experienced palpitations, but a normal electrocardiogram was a prerequisite for enrollment in a professional soccer school. The electrocardiogram showed a PR interval of 0.10 second and wide QRS complexes suggestive of an accessory pathway. The case of a variant of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is discussed. PMID:19059603

Chevalier, Philippe; Rivard, Léna; Pineau, Julien; De Breyne, Brigitte; Morel, Elodie

2009-01-01

275

Factors affecting Anastrepha fraterculus female receptivity modulation by accessory gland products.  

PubMed

In the context of the sterile insect technique (SIT), mass-rearing and male irradiation are imperative. Post-teneral treatments such as the addition of protein in adult's male diet and male hormonal treatment are used to improve sexual performance and to accelerate sexual maturation. In this work we investigated the effect of male accessory glands products (AGPs) on female receptivity of the South American fruit fly Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann), and the effect of strain rearing history, male irradiation, male diet and hormonal treatment on AGPs. Injections of aqueous extracts of male accessory glands into the abdomen of females reduced their receptivity. The AGPs from laboratory males were more effective in inhibiting female receptivity, compared to AGPs from wild males, irrespective of females' origin. The AGPs from fertile males were more effective than AGPs from sterile males. The AGPs from protein-fed males were more effective than AGPs from sugar-fed males. Finally, the AGPs of males treated with juvenile hormone were less effective in inhibiting female receptivity than AGPs of untreated males. We conclude that inhibition of sexual receptivity of A. fraterculus mated females is mediated by products in male accessory gland's and the way that these products act vary widely according to the effect of extrinsic factors. We discuss the results in the perspective of the SIT application for A. fraterculus. PMID:21907717

Abraham, Solana; Cladera, Jorge; Goane, Lucía; Teresa Vera, M

2012-01-01

276

Analytic and rule-based decision support tool for VDT workstation adjustment and computer accessories arrangement.  

PubMed

One important factor that leads to the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) and cumulative trauma disorders (CTD) among visual display terminal (VDT) users is their work posture. While operating a VDT, a user's body posture is strongly influenced by the task, VDT workstation settings, and layout of computer accessories. This paper presents an analytic and rule-based decision support tool called EQ-DeX (an ergonomics and quantitative design expert system) that is developed to provide valid and practical recommendations regarding the adjustment of a VDT workstation and the arrangement of computer accessories. The paper explains the structure and components of EQ-DeX, input data, rules, and adjustment and arrangement algorithms. From input information such as gender, age, body height, task, etc., EQ-DeX uses analytic and rule-based algorithms to estimate quantitative settings of a computer table and a chair, as well as locations of computer accessories such as monitor, document holder, keyboard, and mouse. With the input and output screens that are designed using the concept of usability, the interactions between the user and EQ-DeX are convenient. Examples are also presented to demonstrate the recommendations generated by EQ-DeX. PMID:17402504

Rurkhamet, Busagarin; Nanthavanij, Suebsak

2004-12-01

277

Complexin Clamps Asynchronous Release by Blocking a Secondary Ca2+-Sensor via its Accessory ?-Helix  

PubMed Central

Complexin activates and clamps neurotransmitter release; impairing complexin function decreases synchronous, but increases spontaneous and asynchronous synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Here, we show that complexin – different from the Ca2+-sensor synaptotagmin-1 – activates synchronous exocytosis by promoting synaptic vesicle priming, but clamps spontaneous and asynchronous exocytosis – similar to synaptotagmin-1 – by blocking a secondary Ca2+-sensor. Activation and clamping functions of complexin depend on distinct, autonomously acting sequences, namely its N-terminal region and accessory ?helix, respectively. Mutations designed to test whether the accessory ?-helix of complexin clamps exocytosis by inserting into SNARE-complexes support this hypothesis, suggesting that the accessory ?-helix blocks completion of trans-SNARE-complex assembly until Ca2+-binding to synaptotagmin relieves this block. Moreover, a juxtamembranous mutation in the SNARE-protein synaptobrevin-2, which presumably impairs force transfer from nascent trans-SNARE complexes onto fusing membranes, also unclamps spontaneous fusion by disinhibiting a secondary Ca2+-sensor. Thus, complexin performs mechanistically distinct activation and clamping functions that operate in conjunction with synaptotagmin-1 by controlling trans-SNARE-complex assembly.

Yang, Xiaofei; Kaeser-Woo, Yea Jin; Pang, Zhiping P.; Xu, Wei; Sudhof, Thomas C.

2010-01-01

278

Complexin clamps asynchronous release by blocking a secondary Ca(2+) sensor via its accessory ? helix.  

PubMed

Complexin activates and clamps neurotransmitter release; impairing complexin function decreases synchronous, but increases spontaneous and asynchronous synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Here, we show that complexin-different from the Ca(2+) sensor synaptotagmin-1-activates synchronous exocytosis by promoting synaptic vesicle priming, but clamps spontaneous and asynchronous exocytosis-similar to synaptotagmin-1-by blocking a secondary Ca(2+) sensor. Activation and clamping functions of complexin depend on distinct, autonomously acting sequences, namely its N-terminal region and accessory ? helix, respectively. Mutations designed to test whether the accessory ? helix of complexin clamps exocytosis by inserting into SNARE-complexes support this hypothesis, suggesting that the accessory ? helix blocks completion of trans-SNARE-complex assembly until Ca(2+) binding to synaptotagmin relieves this block. Moreover, a juxtamembranous mutation in the SNARE-protein synaptobrevin-2, which presumably impairs force transfer from nascent trans-SNARE complexes onto fusing membranes, also unclamps spontaneous fusion by disinhibiting a secondary Ca(2+) sensor. Thus, complexin performs mechanistically distinct activation and clamping functions that operate in conjunction with synaptotagmin-1 by controlling trans-SNARE-complex assembly. PMID:21145004

Yang, Xiaofei; Kaeser-Woo, Yea Jin; Pang, Zhiping P; Xu, Wei; Südhof, Thomas C

2010-12-01

279

Reliable sex and strain discrimination in the mouse vomeronasal organ and accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

Animals modulate their courtship and territorial behaviors in response to olfactory cues produced by other animals. In rodents, detecting these cues is the primary role of the accessory olfactory system (AOS). We sought to systematically investigate the natural stimulus coding logic and robustness in neurons of the first two stages of accessory olfactory processing, the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB). We show that firing rate responses of just a few well-chosen mouse VNO or AOB neurons can be used to reliably encode both sex and strain of other mice from cues contained in urine. Additionally, we show that this population code can generalize to new concentrations of stimuli and appears to represent stimulus identity in terms of diverging paths in coding space. Together, the results indicate that firing rate code on the temporal order of seconds is sufficient for accurate classification of pheromonal patterns at different concentrations and may be used by AOS neural circuitry to discriminate among naturally occurring urine stimuli. PMID:23966710

Tolokh, Illya I; Fu, Xiaoyan; Holy, Timothy E

2013-08-21

280

Reliable Sex and Strain Discrimination in the Mouse Vomeronasal Organ and Accessory Olfactory Bulb  

PubMed Central

Animals modulate their courtship and territorial behaviors in response to olfactory cues produced by other animals. In rodents, detecting these cues is the primary role of the accessory olfactory system (AOS). We sought to systematically investigate the natural stimulus coding logic and robustness in neurons of the first two stages of accessory olfactory processing, the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB). We show that firing rate responses of just a few well-chosen mouse VNO or AOB neurons can be used to reliably encode both sex and strain of other mice from cues contained in urine. Additionally, we show that this population code can generalize to new concentrations of stimuli and appears to represent stimulus identity in terms of diverging paths in coding space. Together, the results indicate that firing rate code on the temporal order of seconds is sufficient for accurate classification of pheromonal patterns at different concentrations and may be used by AOS neural circuitry to discriminate among naturally occurring urine stimuli.

Tolokh, Illya I.; Fu, Xiaoyan

2013-01-01

281

Septal Accessory Pathway: Anatomy, Causes for Difficulty, and an Approach to Ablation  

PubMed Central

Accessory pathway (AP) ablation is one of the most satisfying invasive electrophysiology procedures associated with high success rates and relatively few complications. Nevertheless, when APs are found on the cardiac septum, ablative procedures become complex, and unique pitfalls need to be avoided. These difficulties with septal ablation are magnified in the pediatric population. The relatively small heart, rapid nodal conduction, and proximity of the arterial system specifically complicate septal ablation in children. The electrophysiologist must use every tool in his or her armamentarium, including exact delineation of pathway location, identification of pathway potentials, detection of the presence of pathway slant, etc. In addition, an exact knowledge of the complex anatomy of the cardiac septum, including the posteroseptal space, the aortic cusp region, and the proximity of the AV conduction system and coronary vessels, becomes mandatory. In this review, we describe the developmental anatomy and regional anatomy of septal accessory pathways. We then discuss approaches to map specific to pathways in particularly problematic regions at or near the septum, including venous and aortic cusp related accessory pathways.

Macedo, Paula G; Patel, Sandeep M; Bisco, Susan E; Asirvatham, Samuel J

2010-01-01

282

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathways in children and young adults.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation for reentrant tachyarrhythmias in children and young adults. SETTING--A tertiary cardiac referral centre. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS--Over a 16 month period 22 patients aged less than 20 years (median age 16.5 years) underwent 26 radiofrequency ablation procedures for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia through an accessory pathway. The results of radiofrequency ablation were compared with those in a group of 16 patients (median age 14 years) who had had surgical ablation for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia over a preceding six year period. RESULTS--Ablation of an accessory atrioventricular pathway was accomplished for 18 (76%) of 25 pathways in 16 (73%) of 22 patients. There were no procedure-related complications. Surgery was eventually curative in 15/16 patients (94%). However, three patients required a second open heart surgical procedure because tachyarrhythmia recurred. There were no surgical deaths. Failures for radiofrequency ablation were related to accessory pathway location, and were greater for right free wall and posteroseptal pathways (success rate of 50% and 57% respectively). Recurrence after surgery was also associated with pathways in these locations. CONCLUSIONS--Transcatheter radiofrequency current ablation was safe and achieved a cure with less patient morbidity and improved cost efficiency. It is an attractive alternative to long-term drug therapy or surgery in older children and adolescents. A higher success rate may be expected with increased experience.

Sreeram, N; Smeets, J L; Pulles-Heintzberger, C F; Wellens, H J

1993-01-01

283

Inhibition of human colony-forming-unit erythroid by tumor necrosis factor requires accessory cells.  

PubMed Central

Recombinant tumor necrosis factor (rTNF) inhibits erythropoiesis in vivo and in vitro. To study the mechanism of this inhibition, the effect of rTNF on highly purified human CFU-erythroid (E) (mean purity 63.5%), which were generated from peripheral blood burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E), was compared to its effect on unpurified human marrow CFU-E (mean purity 0.21%). Although growth of colonies from marrow CFU-E was inhibited by rTNF, no significant effect on purified BFU-E-derived CFU-E colony growth was found. Removal of accessory marrow cells by soy bean agglutinin (SBA) ablated the inhibition of marrow CFU-E colonies by rTNF. Inhibition of colony growth was then restored by adding back SBA+ cells, but not by adding T lymphocytes or adherent cells. Conditioned medium prepared from bone marrow mononuclear cells stimulated by rTNF inhibited the growth of colonies from highly purified BFU-E derived CFU-E resistant to direct inhibition by rTNF. These findings indicate that rTNF does not directly inhibit CFU-E, but requires accessory cells to decrease erythropoiesis. These accessory cells reside in the SBA+ cell fraction, but are neither T cells nor adherent cells. Therefore, in order to produce anemia, TNF must induce release or production of a factor that directly inhibits erythroid colony growth.

Means, R T; Dessypris, E N; Krantz, S B

1990-01-01

284

Ultrastructure of male reproductive accessory glands and ejaculatory duct in the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Diptera: Tephritidae).  

PubMed

Ultrastructure of male reproductive accessory glands and ejaculatory duct in the Queensland fruit fly (Q-fly), Bactrocera tryoni, were investigated and compared with those of other tephritid flies. Male accessory glands were found to comprise one pair of mesodermic glands and three pairs of ectodermic glands. The mesodermic accessory glands consist of muscle-lined, binucleate epithelial cells, which are highly microvillated and extrude electron-dense secretions by means of macroapocrine transport into a central lumen. The ectodermic accessory glands consist of muscle-lined epithelial cells which have wide subcuticular cavities, lined with microvilli. The electron-transparent secretions from these glands are first extruded into the cavities and then forced out through small pores of the cuticle into the gland lumen. Secretions from the two types of accessory glands then flow into the ejaculatory duct, which is highly muscular, with epithelial cells rich in rough endoplasmic reticulum and lined with a thick, deeply invaginated cuticle. While there are some notable differences, reproductive accessory glands of male Q-flies generally resemble those of the olive fruitfly, Bactrocera oleae, and to a lesser extent the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. PMID:19026762

Radhakrishnan, Preethi; Marchini, Daniela; Taylor, Phillip W

2009-05-01

285

Optical microscope-cathodoluminescence (OM-CL) imaging as a powerful tool to reveal internal textures of minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical microscope-cathodoluminescence (OM-CL) microscopy is a modern luminescence technique with widespread applications in geosciences. Many rock-forming and accessory minerals show specific CL properties that can be successfully used in geoscience and materials science research. One of the most spectacular applications is the visualization of growth textures, alteration, and other internal textures in minerals that are not discernible with other analytical techniques. These results provide information about the real structure of minerals and materials and can be used for the reconstruction of geological processes of mineral formation and subsequent alteration. The information obtained from CL imaging in combination with spectral measurements of the CL emission allows for a more thorough understanding of structural states of solids and/or trace-element incorporation. Additional information can be obtained when luminescence studies are combined with other analytical techniques with high sensitivity and high spatial resolution.

Götze, Jens; Schertl, Hans-Peter; Neuser, Rolf D.; Kempe, Ulf; Hanchar, John M.

2013-06-01

286

Minerals Yearbook, 1990: Mississippi.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The value of Mississippi's nonfuel mineral production in 1990 totaled $112 million, according to data supplied to the U.S. Bureau of Mines by the State's mineral producers. The 1990 value exceeded that reported by industry in 1989 by $4.7 million and exce...

D. H. White S. C. Knox M. B. E. Bograd

1992-01-01

287

Minerals Yearbook, 1990: Idaho.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1990 Annual Report is on the Mineral Industry of Idaho. Idaho ranked 26th nationally for total mineral production value compared with 28th in 1989. The State was first in the Nation in antimony and garnet production; second in silver and vandaium prod...

R. J. Minarik V. S. Gillerman

1992-01-01

288

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position

Lyday

1990-01-01

289

The Miner's Canary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Miners used canaries as early warning signals: when a canary gasped for breath, the miners knew there was a problem with the atmosphere in the mine. The experience of people of color in higher education can be used similarly as a diagnostic tool.

Guinier, Lani

2005-01-01

290

Mineral storage problems overcome  

SciTech Connect

Reinforced Earth, the method of using precast concrete panels to face a compacted earth embankment for mineral storage and handling, is described. The construction and operation of this type of mineral storage facility are discussed. These facilities are simple to build, durable, and cost-effective in operation.

Not Available

1984-08-01

291

What is a Mineral?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, from the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), gives a description of minerals and the growth of crystals. The site offers various links with examples of different compositions and classifications of common minerals. The site provides three different levels of explanation--beginner, intermediate, and advanced.

2008-08-04

292

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: Oklahoma.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The value of Oklahoma nonfuel mineral production was nearly $252.6 million in 1992, a decrease of $22.9 million from that reported to the U.S. Bureau of Mines by State mineral producers in 1991. The value of the top three commodities produced, crushed sto...

J. E. Zelten R. H. Arndt

1994-01-01

293

Digging into Minnesota Minerals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents students with facts about geology and several learning activities. Topics covered include rocks and minerals, volcanoes and earthquakes, fossils, exploration geology, mining in Minnesota, environmental issues related to mining, mineral uses, mining history, and the geology of Minnesota's state parks. A geologic timetable…

Minnesota State Dept. of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

294

Minerals, Crystals and Gems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module introduces students to minerals, crystals, and gems by using pictures and discussions of some of the extraordinary specimens residing in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. It includes three lessons in which they draw pictures of specimens, grow their own crystals of magnesium sulfate, and perform a scavenger hunt in which they look for minerals in commonly used objects and products.

295

Mineral Image Index  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This image gallery provides pictures of thousands of mineral specimens, arranged alphabetically. For each specimen, a thumbnail and a larger image are provided. Other information includes a brief description of the specimen being shown, scale bar (when available), locality data, and a link to additional information on the mineral.

296

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This description of rocks and minerals includes representatives of all three major groups: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Users can access introductory information about the three major rock types and the minerals that form them. A simple rock classification chart is included, with embedded links to a glossary and more detailed material for advanced learners.

297

Mineral Resources in Afghanistan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Despite Afghanistan's wide variety of mineral resources and long history of small-scale mining of gems, gold, copper, and coal, it was not until the 1950's that the country's mineral resources were subject to systematic exploration. The report documents t...

1992-01-01

298

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Lithium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States led the world in lithium mineral and compound production and consumption. Estimated consumption increased slightly, and world production also grew. Sales increased for domestic producers, who announced price increases for the third consecutive year. Because lithium is electrochemically reactive and has other unique properties, there are many commercial lithium products. Producers sold lithium as mineral concentrate, brine,

Ober

1989-01-01

299

Mineral Gallery - The Physical Properties of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by Amethyst Galleries, Inc., this site introduces users to the physical characteristics of minerals; these includes: color, luster, transparency, cleavage, hardness and many more. A good introduction is what the sites provides, it would be great for any beginning level course involving the topic.

2008-10-07

300

USGS: Energy & Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Energy and Minerals Mission Area of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) "conducts research and assessments on the location, quantity, and quality of material and energy resources, including the economic and environmental effects of resource extraction and use." Visitors to the site can click on thematic sections such as Energy Resources and Mineral Resources. Each of these areas contains information about each program, along with fact sheets, databases, and detailed geospatial maps. The Program News area contains links to documents such as "Understanding the Global Distribution of Nonfuel Mineral Resources" and a host of summary documents on mineral commodities. Finally, the site is rounded out by the Mineral Resources Products area. Here, visitors can look into hundreds of statistical reports, bulletins, and data sets intended for scientists, journalists, and members of the general public.

2013-06-20

301

Role of Accessory Phase Crystallization Within the High-Silica Magma Batches of the Rainier Mesa Tuff, Southwest Nevada Volcanic Field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Compositionally zoned ignimbrites from the Timber Mountain/Oasis Valley magmatic system, Southwest Nevada Volcanic Field (SWNVF), represent open system processes as opposed to in situ differentiation within a single magma chamber. The large chemical variation of the pumice fragments in the ash-flow sheets are due to emplacement of different magma batches into the magma chamber prior to eruption1,2. The 11.6 Ma Rainier Mesa tuff is a large (1200 km3) ignimbrite containing low-silica pumice fragments, and two distinct high-silica rhyolitic pumice fragments, distinguished by the Th/Nb ratios1. Based on trace element modeling, Mills et al. (1997) concluded that these were three separate magma batches. Recent ? 18O data from minerals separated from pumice fragments are consistent with this interpretation for the independent origin of the high- and low-silica magmas, and that these represent distinct magma types that erupted coevally1,3. However, chemical data from melt inclusions and glass matrix from the two high-silica magma types do not support the model that these are unrelated. Melt inclusion and glass matrix compositions were obtained from the high-Th/Nb, high-silica and low-Th/Nb, high-silica pumice fragments. The two groups of pumice fragments have identical glass matrix major and trace element compositions, and both high-silica groups have identical melt inclusion compositions. In both high-silica groups, Th and Th/Nb increase with increasing La within the melt inclusions. The two high-silica magma types have identical major phase minerals of similar compositions, indicating that the trace element signature of the whole pumice is controlled by accessory phase fractionation. Analyses of monazite, apatite, and zircon from both high-silica pumice groups show similar compositions, with La and Th concentrated in the monazite. Our interpretation is that the high-Th/Nb, high-silica magma represents accessory phase (monazite) accumulation, resulting in a compositional zone within a differentiating HSR magma body. References cited: 1. Mills et al., J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 78, 185-208, 1997. 2. Vogel and Aines, JGR 101, no. B3, 5591-5610, 1996. 3. Bindeman and Valley, GSA Bulletin 115, 581-595, 2003.

Tefend, K. S.; Vogel, T. A.; Patino, L. C.

2004-05-01

302

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Mineral Yearbook discusses the performance of the worlwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume 1, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapters on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

303

The 190Pt186Os Decay System Applied to Dating Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in Layered Intrusions, Ophiolites and Detrital Deposits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discrete platinum-group minerals (PGM) occur as accessory phases in mafic-ultamafic intrusions and ophiolitic chromitites, as well as numerous detrital deposits globally. The 190Pt-186Os decay system, measured by laser ablation MC-ICPMS (LA-MC-ICPMS) provides a useful geochronometric tool for direct dating of PGM. Here we present two examples that verify the accuracy of the technique in geologically well constrained situations and demonstrate

J. A. Coggon; G. Nowell; G. Pearson; T. Oberthür; J. Lorand; F. Melcher; S. W. Parman

2010-01-01

304

Mineral Industries of Western Europe.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents a summary of the mineral industries of the nine members of the European Community, the seven members of the European Free Trade association, and three additional countries. Base maps show mineral deposit and mineral processing plant l...

W. F. Keyes R. V. Sondermayer J. B. Huvos

1977-01-01

305

Photosynthesis via Mineral Fluorescence in Harsh UV Radiation Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Before the development of a protective ozone layer about two billion years ago, the surface ultraviolet flux on Earth would have restricted ancient life to environments that offered some protection from direct solar radiation, such as the deep ocean or under or within rocks. In environments where the visible solar radiation would have been reduced to levels too low for photosynthesis, visible fluorescence resulting from UV irradiation of minerals may have provided a useable energy source. We are investigating the possibility that photosynthesis can occur without direct sunlight, if certain minerals are present that can absorb UV radiation and fluoresce in the visible. There are several common minerals(e.g. fluorite, calcite) that emit strong visible radiation under both short- and long-wave UV light, as well as some that only emit visible radiation under specific UV wavelengths. We will test a variety of minerals that fluoresce at wavelengths utilized by microbial chlorophylls and accessory pigments, and by simulating endolithic communities living under a few centimeters or millimeters of rock, we will measure the intensity of fluorescence and UV radiation received at various depths. We plan to simulate a variety of environments where the surface UV radiation may have a significant impact on the survival of life. These include the early Earth and present-day Mars(where the atmosphere would offer little to no protection against biologically damaging UV radiation), as well as extrasolar planets(a terrestrial planet in the habitable zone around an M-type star, for example, would be subject to an intense UV flux due to high flare activity). If mineral fluorescence proves to be a viable survival mechanism for photosynthetic organisms in harsh radiation environments, there are many implications for the study of ancient life on Earth as well as the search for life elsewhere.

Barge, L. M.; Nealson, K.

2005-12-01

306

American Strategic Minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

American Strategic Minerals is a collection of six papers that were presented in December 1982 at a conference organized by the Center for the Study of Marine Policy at the University of Delaware. According to editor Gerard J. Mangone, director of the center, the papers were commissioned “to investigate not only the objective resource situation, but also past United States policy on strategic minerals and future options open to Washington.” The authors and their chapter titles are John C. Kraft, University of Delaware: “Strategic minerals and world stability” V. Anthony Cammarota, Jr., U.S. Bureau of Mines: “America's dependence on strategic minerals” John D. Morgan, U.S. Bureau of Mines: “Future demands of the United States for strategic minerals” J. Robert Moore, University of Texas: “Alternative sources of strategic minerals from the seabed” Allan I. Mendelowitz and John E. Watson, U.S. General Accounting Office: “U.S. mining investments in developing countries” and James W. Curlin, Nautilus Press: “The political dimensions of strategic minerals.”

DeYoung, John H., Jr.; Chidester, Alfred H.

307

Minerals Management Service: Strategic plan  

SciTech Connect

This plan addresses the management of the mineral resources on the Outer Continental Shelf in an environmentally sound and safe manner and the timely collection, verification, and distribution of mineral revenues from Federal and Indian lands. The Minerals Management Service (MMS) manages the Nation`s natural gas, oil and other mineral resources on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), and collects, accounts for, and disburses revenues from offshore federal mineral leases and from onshore mineral leases on Federal and Indian lands.

NONE

1997-09-30

308

43 CFR 19.8 - Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. 19.8 Section 19.8...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. Regulations issued under...and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness are contained in parts...

2013-10-01

309

Multivitamin/Mineral Supplements  

MedlinePLUS

... we know so little about whether MVMs have health benefits is that studies often use different products, making ... vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and other substances that benefit health. Dietary supplements might help in some situations to ...

310

Mineral oil overdose  

MedlinePLUS

... Diaper rash medications Eye care products Hemorrhoid medications Laxatives Note: This list may not include every product ... Symptoms are due to mineral oil's laxative action and may ... pain Dehydration (from severe diarrhea) Diarrhea Nausea Vomiting

311

Characterization Lithium Mineralized Pegmatite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lithium economic importance has increased in the last years. In Brazil its reserves, generally pegmatites bodies, are found in Itinga-Aracuai-MG. This study of characterization belongs to a global plan of lithium mineralized bodies research of 'Arqueana d...

E. F. S. Pereira O. Luz Ferreira R. Z. L. Cancado J. Mauricio Neto

1986-01-01

312

Calcium Carbonate Mineralization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the present study were to determine the mechanisms of ion transport across mineralizing epithelia of barnacles, in particular to quantify the effects of altered protein structure on crystal form and arrangement and the effects of the mol...

K. M. Wilbur A. LeFurgey

1995-01-01

313

Australian Mineral Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides details on the philosophy and operation of the Australian Mineral Foundation, established in 1970 to update professionals in the mining and petroleum industries. Services in continuing education courses and to secondary school teachers and students are described. (CS)

Crowe, D. S.

1980-01-01

314

Mineral Commodity Summaries 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is the earliest Government publication to furnish estimates covering 1982 nonfuel mineral industry data. Most of the estimates are based on 9 months data. These data sheets contain information on the domestic industry structure, Government pro...

1983-01-01

315

Minerals Yearbook, 1988: Thorium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mine production of monazite, the principal source of thorium, decreased slightly in 1988. Associated Minerals (USA) Inc. was the only domestic monazite producer. Monazite produced in the United States was exported, and the thorium products used domestical...

J. B. Hedrick

1988-01-01

316

Pan-genome sequence analysis using Panseq: an online tool for the rapid analysis of core and accessory genomic regions  

PubMed Central

Background The pan-genome of a bacterial species consists of a core and an accessory gene pool. The accessory genome is thought to be an important source of genetic variability in bacterial populations and is gained through lateral gene transfer, allowing subpopulations of bacteria to better adapt to specific niches. Low-cost and high-throughput sequencing platforms have created an exponential increase in genome sequence data and an opportunity to study the pan-genomes of many bacterial species. In this study, we describe a new online pan-genome sequence analysis program, Panseq. Results Panseq was used to identify Escherichia coli O157:H7 and E. coli K-12 genomic islands. Within a population of 60 E. coli O157:H7 strains, the existence of 65 accessory genomic regions identified by Panseq analysis was confirmed by PCR. The accessory genome and binary presence/absence data, and core genome and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of six L. monocytogenes strains were extracted with Panseq and hierarchically clustered and visualized. The nucleotide core and binary accessory data were also used to construct maximum parsimony (MP) trees, which were compared to the MP tree generated by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST). The topology of the accessory and core trees was identical but differed from the tree produced using seven MLST loci. The Loci Selector module found the most variable and discriminatory combinations of four loci within a 100 loci set among 10 strains in 1 s, compared to the 449 s required to exhaustively search for all possible combinations; it also found the most discriminatory 20 loci from a 96 loci E. coli O157:H7 SNP dataset. Conclusion Panseq determines the core and accessory regions among a collection of genomic sequences based on user-defined parameters. It readily extracts regions unique to a genome or group of genomes, identifies SNPs within shared core genomic regions, constructs files for use in phylogeny programs based on both the presence/absence of accessory regions and SNPs within core regions and produces a graphical overview of the output. Panseq also includes a loci selector that calculates the most variable and discriminatory loci among sets of accessory loci or core gene SNPs. Availability Panseq is freely available online at http://76.70.11.198/panseq. Panseq is written in Perl.

2010-01-01

317

EST analysis of male accessory glands from Heliconius butterflies with divergent mating systems  

PubMed Central

Background Heliconius butterflies possess a remarkable diversity of phenotypes, physiologies, and behaviors that has long distinguished this genus as a focal taxon in ecological and evolutionary research. Recently Heliconius has also emerged as a model system for using genomic methods to investigate the causes and consequences of biological diversity. One notable aspect of Heliconius diversity is a dichotomy in mating systems which provides an unusual opportunity to investigate the relationship between sexual selection and the evolution of reproductive proteins. As a first step in pursuing this research, we report the generation and analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the male accessory gland of H. erato and H. melpomene, species representative of the two mating systems present in the genus Heliconius. Results We successfully sequenced 933 ESTs clustering into 371 unigenes from H. erato and 1033 ESTs clustering into 340 unigenes from H. melpomene. Results from the two species were very similar. Approximately a third of the unigenes showed no significant BLAST similarity (E-value <10-5) to sequences in GenBank's non-redundant databases, indicating that a large proportion of novel genes are expressed in Heliconius male accessory glands. In both species only a third of accessory gland unigenes were also found among genes expressed in wing tissue. About 25% of unigenes from both species encoded secreted proteins. This includes three groups of highly abundant unigenes encoding repetitive proteins considered to be candidate seminal fluid proteins; proteins encoded by one of these groups were detected in H. erato spermatophores. Conclusion This collection of ESTs will serve as the foundation for the future identification and evolutionary analysis of male reproductive proteins in Heliconius butterflies. These data also represent a significant advance in the rapidly growing collection of genomic resources available in Heliconius butterflies. As such, they substantially enhance this taxon as a model system for investigating questions of ecological, phenotypic, and genomic diversity.

Walters, James R; Harrison, Richard G

2008-01-01

318

Ventricular Dyssynchrony and Function Improve following Catheter Ablation of Nonseptal Accessory Pathways in Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Paradoxical or hypokinetic interventricular septal motion has been described in patients with septal or paraseptal accessory pathways. Data regarding nonseptal pathways is limited. Methods and Results. We quantified left ventricular dyssynchrony and function in 16 consecutive children, 14.2 ± 3.7 years, weighing 53 ± 17?kg, prior to and following catheter ablation of bidirectional septal (N = 6) and nonseptal (N = 10) accessory pathways. Following ablation, the left ventricular ejection fraction increased by 4.9 ± 2.1% (P = 0.038) from a baseline value of 57.0% ± 7.8%. By tissue Doppler imaging, the interval between QRS onset and peak systolic velocity (Ts) decreased from a median of 33.0?ms to 18.0?ms (P = 0.013). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased to a greater extent following catheter ablation of nonseptal (5.9% ± 2.6%, P = 0.023) versus septal (2.5% ± 4.1%, P = 0.461) pathways. The four patients with an ejection fraction <50%, two of whom had left lateral pathways, improved to >50% after ablation. Similarly, the improvement in dyssynchrony was more marked in patients with nonseptal versus septal pathways (difference between septal and lateral wall motion delay before and after ablation 20.6 ± 7.1?ms (P = 0.015) versus 1.4 ± 11.4?ms (P = 0.655)). Conclusion. Left ventricular systolic function and dyssynchrony improve after ablation of antegrade-conducting accessory pathways in children, with more pronounced changes noted for nonseptal pathways.

Abadir, Sylvia; Fournier, Anne; Dubuc, Marc; Sarquella-Brugada, Georgia; Garceau, Patrick

2013-01-01

319

Mineral Wool Insulation Binders  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Mineral wool is considered the best known insulation type among the wide variety of insulation materials. There are three\\u000a types of mineral wool, and these consist of glass, stone (rock), and slag wool. The overall manufacturing processes, along\\u000a with features such as specifications and characteristics for each of these types, as well as the role of the binder within\\u000a the

Stefan Kowatsch

2010-01-01

320

Mineral prospecting manual  

SciTech Connect

This book: provides the mineral prospector with a series of essential guidelines for the work he must do and the precautions he will have to take; shows how successful mineral prospecting is dependent on the critical examination of technical, economic and financial data examined during each phase of the operation; and provides information on physical preparations for prospecting, hammer prospecting, prospecting in coastal formations, drilling techniques and equipment, sampling procedures, and current research methods (e.g.: remote sensing and geochemistry).

Chaussier, J.B.; Morer, J.

1986-01-01

321

Vitamins, Minerals, and Mood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors explore the breadth and depth of published research linking dietary vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) to mood. Since the 1920s, there have been many studies on individual vitamins (especially B vitamins and Vitamins C, D, and E), minerals (calcium, chromium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium), and vitamin-like compounds (choline). Recent investigations with multi-ingredient formulas are especially

Bonnie J. Kaplan; Susan G. Crawford; Catherine J. Field; J. Steven A. Simpson

2007-01-01

322

Ice is a Mineral  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson about the characteristics of ice as a mineral and how it compares to other minerals with respect to hardness. Learners will observe ice crystals, develop a hardness scale and position ice on it. Learners will also practice working collaboratively in a team. Activities include small group miming, speaking, drawing, and/or writing. This is lesson 3 of 12 in the unit, Exploring Ice in the Solar System.

323

Posterior Coronary Vein as the Substrate for an Epicardial Accessory Pathway  

PubMed Central

Catheter ablation of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is associated with up to 5% of failure. Coronary sinus (CS) abnormalities or connections between CS myocardial coat and left ventricular epicardium are associated with posteroseptal and left posterior accessory pathways (AP). A 41-year-old patient with WPW syndrome was referred to our hospital after three unsuccessful ablations. The 12-lead ECG suggested a left posteroseptal AP. CT imaging and electro-anatomic mapping showed a relationship between AP electrical course and CS posterior branch. This finding supports the hypothesis CSAPs lie in the myocardial coat around CS and represent an extensive connection between atrial and ventricular epicardial surface.

Cipoletta, Laura; Acosta, Juan; Mont, Lluis; Berruezo, Antonio

2013-01-01

324

Interleukin1 receptor accessory protein interacts with the type II interleukin-1 receptor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stably transfected HEK-293 cells express on their surface the murine type II IL-1 receptor (mIL-1RII) as demonstrated by FACS analysis using the mAb 4E2, however binding of [125I]-hrIL-1? to these cells is nearly absent. Saturable high affinity binding of [125I]-hrIL-1? is observed when the murine IL-1 receptor accessory protein (mIL-1RAcP) is coexpressed with mIL-1RII. Binding of [125I]-hrIL-1? to mIL-1RII-mIL-1RAcP complex

David Malinowsky; Johan Lundkvist; Sophie Layé; Tamas Bartfai

1998-01-01

325

Coronary anomaly with a left ventricular accessory chamber: Is it left ventricular aneurysm or diverticulum?  

PubMed

A 60-year-old male hypertensive was suspected to have post myocardial infarction left ventricular aneurysm. His transthoracic echocardiogram performed elsewhere reported an inferior wall left ventricular aneurysm. He was referred for coronary angiography. His coronary angiogram and repeat transthoracic echocardiogram demonstrated an accessory chamber arising from mid-inferior wall synchronously contracting with the left ventricle suggesting a diverticulum. In addition, he had anomalous coronary arteries with coronary artery disease. His electrocardiogram did not reveal any features suggestive of a post infarct aneurysm. This case illustrates the importance of a comprehensive clinical and echocardiographic examination with a broad differential thought process. PMID:23960694

Panduranga, Prashanth; Al-Riyami, Abdullah Amour

2012-07-01

326

Minerals: the resource gap  

SciTech Connect

US imports of important non-fuel minerals may have contributed to a false sense of security that could have serious economic and defense consequences. Imports account for over 90 percent of the chromite, manganese ore, and cobalt, and 90 percent of the platinum group metals. The primary sources for many of these minerals are the Soviet Union and Africa, a price and supply vulnerability which rivals Middle East oil and of which the American public is unaware. The Soviet shift to a net minerals importer will intensify competition for minerals and could lead to confrontation. The decline in US mineral production is blamed on escalating costs, largely from regulations, that prevent plant and equipment modernization and land withdrawal policies. A strategic stockpile planned for over 90 materials was established in 1939 for defense purposes, but eratic goals and planning as well as economic changes have kept the plan from being implemented. The first steps of an appropriate policy would promote domestic minerals production and open up Federal lands for exploration and development. (DCK)

Velocci, T.

1980-10-01

327

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. It contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

328

Minerals yearbook, 1994. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1994 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. The volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. The volume also contains chapters on Survey Methods, a Statistical Summary of Nonfuel Minerals, and Trends in Mining and Quarrying.

NONE

1994-12-31

329

Mineral Detector for Igneous Rocks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a Raman spectral analysis tool that uses machine learning algorithms to classify pure minerals in igneous rocks. Experiments show greater than 90% accuracy classifying a test set of pure minerals against a database of similar reference minerals using an artificial neural network. Efforts are currently underway to improve this tool for use as a mineral detector in rock

S. T. Ishikawa; S. D. Hart; V. C. Gulick

2010-01-01

330

The Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The "Mineral and Gemstone Kingdom" allows one to sort and search for minerals and gemstones by alphabetical, chemical group, color, streak, hardness, crystal group, elemental affiliations, and dana classification. Includes image galleries of rocks, minerals and gemstones: pictures accompanied with physical descriptions of the rock or mineral. Also includes a glossary of terms.

2008-08-21

331

Phase transition temperature in the Zr-rich corner of Zr-Nb-Sn-Fe alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The influence of small composition changes on the phase transformation temperature of Zr-1Nb-1Sn-0.2(0.7)Fe alloys was studied in the present work, by electrical resistivity measurements and metallographic techniques. For the alloy with 0.2 at.% Fe we have determined T???+?=741°C and T?+???=973°C, and for the 0.7 at.% Fe the transformation temperatures were T ???+?=712°C and T ?+???=961°C. We have verified that the addition of Sn stabilized the ? phase.

Canay, M.; Danón, C. A.; Arias, D.

2000-08-01

332

Delivery of an accessory signal for cell activation by exogenous phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C.  

PubMed

Digestion of phosphatidylinositol (PI) or glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors of membrane proteins on the external cell surface with exogenous PI-specific phospholipase C (PIPLC) from Bacillus thuringiensis was shown to transmit a signal into the thymocyte to modulate the TCR/CD3 complex-induced signal delivery for cell activation. This was demonstrated for very early protein tyrosine phosphorylation, early c-fos transcription and late DNA synthesis. For this effect preincubation of the cells with PIPLC was required, but there was no evidence of involvement of any soluble products released from the cell surface by PIPLC in the signaling, suggesting a crucial role of the membrane-bound counterpart (diacylglycerol or diradylglycerol) of the PI/GPI hydrolysate. A possible role for this accessory signal in the microorganism-linked control of the (diacylglycerol or diradylglycerol) of the PI/GPI hydrolysate. A possible role for this accessory signal in the microorganism-linked control of the T cell receptor function is discussed. PMID:1535048

Jamshedur Rahman, S M; Pu, M V; Zhang, Y H; Hamaguchi, M; Iwamoto, T; Taguchi, R; Ikezawa, H; Isobe, K; Yoshida, T; Nakashima, I

1992-06-01

333

Postnatal characterization of cells in the accessory olfactory bulb of wild type and reeler mice  

PubMed Central

Olfaction is the most relevant chemosensory sense of the rodents. General odors are primarily detected by the main olfactory system while most pheromonal signals are received by the accessory olfactory system. The first relay in the brain occurs in the olfactory bulb, which is subdivided in the main and accessory olfactory bulb (MOB/AOB). Given that the cell generation time is different between AOB and MOB, and the cell characterization of AOB remains limited, the goal of this work was first, the definition of the layering of AOB/MOB and second, the determination of cellular phenotypes in the AOB in a time window corresponding to the early postnatal development. Moreover, since reelin (Reln) deficiency has been related to olfactory learning deficits, we analyzed reeler mice. First, we compared the layering between AOB and MOB at early embryonic stages. Then, cell phenotypes were established using specific neuronal and glial markers as well as the Reln adaptor protein Dab1 to analyse differences in both genetic backgrounds. There was no apparent difference in the cell phenotypes among AOB and MOB or between wild type (wt) and reeler animals. However, a disruption in the granular cell layer of reeler with respect to wt mice was observed. In conclusion, the AOB in Reln-deficient mice showed similar neuronal and glial cell types being only affected the organization of granular neurons.

Martin-Lopez, Eduardo; Corona, Rebeca; Lopez-Mascaraque, Laura

2012-01-01

334

Origin activation requires both replicative and accessory helicases during T4 infection  

PubMed Central

Summary The bacteriophage T4 has served as an in vitro model for the study of DNA replication for several decades, yet less is known about this process during infection. Recent work has shown that viral DNA synthesis is initiated from at least five origins of replication distributed across the 172 kb chromosome, but continued synthesis is dependent on recombination. Two proteins are predicted to facilitate loading of the hexameric 41 helicase at the origins, the Dda accessory helicase and the 59 loading protein. Using a real time, genome-wide assay to monitor replication during infections, it is shown here that dda mutant viruses no longer preferentially initiate synthesis near the origins, implying that the Dda accessory helicase has a fundamental role in origin selection and activation. In contrast, at least two origins function efficiently without 59 loading protein, indicating that other factors load 41 helicase at these loci. Hence, normal T4 replication includes two mechanistically distinct classes of origins, one requiring 59 helicase loader, and a second that does not. Since both mechanisms require an additional factor, repEB, for sustained activation, normal T4 origin function appears to include at least three common elements, origin selection and initial activation, replisome loading, and persistence.

Brister, J. Rodney

2008-01-01

335

Severe subfertility in mice with androgen receptor inactivation in sex accessory organs but not in testis.  

PubMed

Androgen action on sex accessory organs influences rodent fertility, but the mechanisms remain unclear and investigation is difficult without the ability to restrict androgen action in specific tissues. We used Cre-LoxP technology to generate male mice with prostate epithelial-specific androgen receptor deficiency (denoted PEARKO). In addition to prostate, these males have reduced androgen action due to tissue-selective androgen receptor inactivation in seminal vesicle, epididymis, and vas deferens, whereas the testis is unaffected. We find that fertility of PEARKO males was severely reduced, compared with littermates with prominent defects in copulatory plug formation, which were smaller, softer, and more friable than controls. Despite normal testis sperm production, sperm numbers were reduced in caput but increased in cauda epididymis, suggesting alterations in sperm epididymal transit kinetics associated with increased rate of spontaneous acrosome reaction and abnormal flagellar morphology in PEARKO cauda epididymal sperm. Whereas the quantitative in vitro fertilizing ability of PEARKO epididymal sperm was normal, fewer fertilized oocytes were flushed from the oviducts of females after natural mating with PEARKO males. These data show that sperm formed in mice with impaired androgen action restricted to accessory glands and epididymis are quantitatively normal in number and in vitro fertilizing function but that severe in vivo subfertility reflects other functions related to sperm transport and survival in female reproductive tract that determine fertility in vivo. PMID:18356274

Simanainen, Ulla; McNamara, Keely; Davey, Rachel A; Zajac, Jeffrey D; Handelsman, David J

2008-07-01

336

Adenylate kinases 1 and 2 are part of the accessory structures in the mouse sperm flagellum.  

PubMed

Proper sperm function depends on adequate ATP levels. In the mammalian flagellum, ATP is generated in the midpiece by oxidative respiration and in the principal piece by glycolysis. In locations where ATP is rapidly utilized or produced, adenylate kinases (AKs) maintain a constant adenylate energy charge by interconverting stoichiometric amounts of ATP and AMP with two ADP molecules. We previously identified adenylate kinase 1 and 2 (AK1 and AK2) by mass spectrometry as part of a mouse SDS-insoluble flagellar preparation containing the accessory structures (fibrous sheath, outer dense fibers, and mitochondrial sheath). A germ cell-specific cDNA encoding AK1 was characterized and found to contain a truncated 3' UTR and a different 5' UTR compared to the somatic Ak1 mRNA; however, it encoded an identical protein. Ak1 mRNA was upregulated during late spermiogenesis, a time when the flagellum is being assembled. AK1 was first seen in condensing spermatids and was associated with the outer microtubular doublets and outer dense fibers of sperm. This localization would allow the interconversion of ATP and ADP between the fibrous sheath where ATP is produced by glycolysis and the axonemal dynein ATPases where ATP is consumed. Ak2 mRNA was expressed at relatively low levels throughout spermatogenesis, and the protein was localized to the mitochondrial sheath in the sperm midpiece. AK1 and AK2 in the flagellar accessory structures provide a mechanism to buffer the adenylate energy charge for sperm motility. PMID:16790685

Cao, Wenlei; Haig-Ladewig, Lisa; Gerton, George L; Moss, Stuart B

2006-10-01

337

Structures of benzylsuccinate synthase elucidate roles of accessory subunits in glycyl radical enzyme activation and activity.  

PubMed

Anaerobic degradation of the environmental pollutant toluene is initiated by the glycyl radical enzyme benzylsuccinate synthase (BSS), which catalyzes the radical addition of toluene to fumarate, forming benzylsuccinate. We have determined crystal structures of the catalytic ?-subunit of BSS with its accessory subunits ? and ?, which both bind a [4Fe-4S] cluster and are essential for BSS activity in vivo. We find that BSS? has the common glycyl radical enzyme fold, a 10-stranded ?/?-barrel that surrounds the glycyl radical cofactor and active site. Both accessory subunits ? and ? display folds related to high potential iron-sulfur proteins but differ substantially from each other in how they interact with the ?-subunit. BSS? binds distally to the active site, burying a hydrophobic region of BSS?, whereas BSS? binds to a hydrophilic surface of BSS? that is proximal to the active site. To further investigate the function of BSS?, we determined the structure of a BSS?? complex. Remarkably, we find that the barrel partially opens, allowing the C-terminal region of BSS? that houses the glycyl radical to shift within the barrel toward an exit pathway. The structural changes that we observe in the BSS?? complex center around the crucial glycyl radical domain, thus suggesting a role for BSS? in modulating the conformational dynamics required for enzyme activity. Accompanying proteolysis experiments support these structural observations. PMID:24982148

Funk, Michael A; Judd, Evan T; Marsh, E Neil G; Elliott, Sean J; Drennan, Catherine L

2014-07-15

338

Accessory proteins are vital for the functional expression of certain G protein-coupled receptors.  

PubMed

Certain G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) fail to be expressed in a functional form at the cell surface. This may be due to the improper folding and maturation of GPCRs which are highly intricate events that need to take place before these integral membrane proteins can be transported from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), where they are synthesised, to the plasma membrane which is their site of action. Once at the plasma membrane they act as the recognition elements for a vast range of endogenous ligands including biogenic amines, peptides, glycoproteins, lipids, nucleotides, ions and proteases. The assistance of molecular chaperones has been widely implicated in the trafficking and function of these proteins. Characterisation of certain GPCRs has identified a novel group of membrane proteins collectively named 'accessory proteins' as being important for the expression and function of GPCRs. In this review we will summarise the importance of these accessory proteins for the function of their respective GPCRs. Understanding their roles in GPCR expression would not only give us an insight into these receptors from a cell biological point of view but may also potentially lead to the development of novel therapeutics. PMID:19000738

Cooray, Sadani N; Chan, Li; Webb, Tom R; Metherell, Louise; Clark, Adrian J L

2009-03-01

339

Activity regulates functional connectivity from the vomeronasal organ to the accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

The mammalian accessory olfactory system is specialized for the detection of chemicals that identify kin and conspecifics. Vomeronasal sensory neurons (VSNs) residing in the vomeronasal organ project axons to the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB), where they form synapses with principal neurons known as mitral cells. The organization of this projection is quite precise and is believed to be essential for appropriate function of this system. However, how this precise connectivity is established is unknown. We show here that in mice the vomeronasal duct is open at birth, allowing external chemical stimuli access to sensory neurons, and that these sensory neurons are capable of releasing neurotransmitter to downstream neurons as early as the first postnatal day (P). Using major histocompatibility complex class I peptides to activate a selective subset of VSNs during the first few postnatal days of development, we show that increased activity results in exuberant VSN axonal projections and a delay in axonal coalescence into well defined glomeruli in the AOB. Finally, we show that mitral cell dendritic refinement occurs just after the coalescence of presynaptic axons. Such a mechanism may allow the formation of precise connectivity with specific glomeruli that receive input from sensory neurons expressing the same receptor type. PMID:22674266

Hovis, Kenneth R; Ramnath, Rohit; Dahlen, Jeffrey E; Romanova, Anna L; LaRocca, Greg; Bier, Mark E; Urban, Nathaniel N

2012-06-01

340

Transhepatic approach for catheter ablation of accessory pathway in a child with complex congenital heart disease  

PubMed Central

We report on a 22-month-old boy with drug-resistant atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia and complex structural heart disease consisting of right atrial isomerism, mirror image orientation of the intrathoracic veins, hemi-azygos continuation to the left superior vena cava, separate drainage of the hepatic veins into the left-sided atrium, congenitally corrected transposition, pulmonary atresia, and atrial and ventricular septal defects. Access to the heart for radiofrequency (RF) ablation was obtained by percutaneous puncture of a hepatic vein, the left internal jugular vein, and femoral artery. The accessory pathway was localised to the free wall of the left-sided AV groove and successfully ablated. There were no procedure-related complications. RF ablation of an accessory pathway is feasible in young children with complex structural heart disease and abnormal systemic venous return. In such patients access to the heart must be planned with knowledge of the anatomy and judicious use of the hepatic venous approach. ImagesFigure 1

Sreeram, N.; Emmel, M.; Brockmeier, K.

2004-01-01

341

Extraterrestrial magnetic minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermomagnetic and microprobe analyses are carried out and a set of magnetic characteristics are measured for 25 meteorites and 3 tektites from the collections of the Vernadsky Geological Museum of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Museum of Natural History of the North-East Interdisciplinary Science Research Institute, Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. It is found that, notwithstanding their type, all the meteorites contain the same magnetic minerals and only differ by concentrations of these minerals. Kamacite with less than 10% nickel is the main magnetic mineral in the studied samples. Pure iron, taenite, and schreibersite are less frequent; nickel, various iron spinels, Fe-Al alloys, etc., are very rare. These minerals are normally absent in the crusts of the Earth and other planets. The studied meteorites are more likely parts of the cores and lower mantles of the meteoritic parent bodies (the planets). Uniformity in the magnetic properties of the meteorites and the types of their thermomagnetic (MT) curves is violated by secondary alterations of the meteorites in the terrestrial environment. The sediments demonstrate the same monotony as the meteorites: kamacite is likely the only extraterrestrial magnetic mineral, which is abundant in sediments and associated with cosmic dust. The compositional similarity of kamacite in iron meteorites and in cosmic dust is due to their common source; the degree of fragmentation of the material of the parent body is the only difference.

Pechersky, D. M.; Markov, G. P.; Tsel'movich, V. A.; Sharonova, Z. V.

2012-07-01

342

Mineral hydrolysis kinetics  

SciTech Connect

Dissolution rate laws for silicate mineral weathering can be related to kinetics of ligand-exchange reactions. This relation is being tested with an experimental/analytical/theoretical program for measuring the dissolution kinetics of orthosilicate minerals for use in ionic modeling and molecular dynamics computer simulations of solid, aqueous solution, and solid/liquid interface. To date, dissolution rate have been measured for a suite of endmember and mixed-cation orthosilicate minerals (both olivine and willemite structures) as well as a few inosilicate minerals (pyroxenes). Dissolution rates appear to correlate well with solvent exchange rates around the hydrated divalent cations. Siloxane (Si-O-Si) bonds are relatively unreactive at low pH`s close to zero point of neutral charge for quartz. The correlation suggests that silicic acid would be released from the reacting surfaces after protonation and hydration of bonds between divalent metals and structural oxygens; congruent dissolution is confirmed by Rutherford backscattered analysis of the near-surface of an acid-reacted forsterite. In the ionic modeling, except for liebenbergite, there is a general trend of increasing lattice energy with decreasing dissolution rate for endmember and mixed-cation orthosilicate minerals at pH 2. 3 figs, 4 refs.

Westrich, H.R.; Cygan, R.T.; Arnold, G.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Casey, W.H. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Land, Air, and Water Resources

1993-07-01

343

[Excitation of motor neurons of the nucleus of the accessory nerve in cats in response to stimulation of Deiters nucleus].  

PubMed

Responses of the accessory motoneurons to electrical stimulation of he ipsilateral Deiters nucleus were recorded intracellularly in cats under chloralose-nembutal anesthesia. Stimulation of the Deiters nucleus evoked monosynaptic EPSP with latency from 1.3 to 2.3 ms, maximal amplitude 5.0 mV and duration from 7.0 to 10.0 ms in accessory motoneurons. Under rhythmic stimulation the EPSP were weakly potentiated and under increase in te strength of the Deiters stimuli they easily became action potentials. PMID:7300962

Gura, E V; Limanski?, Iu P

1981-01-01

344

Thorium in mineral products.  

PubMed

Many ores contain low levels of thorium. When these ores are processed, the associated radioactivity can be found in mineral concentrates, intermediates and final products. There is an incentive for industries to remove radioactivity from mineral products to allow the movement and sale of these materials, both nationally and internationally, without the need for licensing. Control of thorium in various products involves the development and optimisation of process steps to be able to meet product specifications. The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) has undertaken a range of R & D programmes targeting the treatment of thorium-bearing minerals. This paper discusses the application of a microprobe technique for siting radioactivity in zircon and ilmenite and the problems experienced in measuring the concentrations in solid rare earth products. PMID:11843361

Collier, D E; Brown, S A; Blagojevic, N; Soldenhoff, K H; Ring, R J

2001-01-01

345

Accessory mitral valve tissue causing severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in a post-Senning patient with transposition of the great arteries  

PubMed Central

Accessory mitral valve tissue is a rare congenital anomaly associated with congenital cardiac defects and is usually detected in the first decade of life. We describe the case of an 18-year old post-Senning asymptomatic patient who was found to have accessory mitral valve tissue on transthoracic echocardiography producing severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.

Panduranga, Prashanth; Eapen, Thomas; Al-Maskari, Salim; Al-Farqani, Abdullah

2011-01-01

346

Accessory Sperm: Their Importance to Fertility and Embryo Quality, and Attempts to Alter Their Numbers in Artificially Inseminated Cattle'r2  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory sperm number and its relationship to fertilization and embryo quality was evaluated in cattle after nonsurgical recovery of ova or embryos 6 d after insemination. Efforts to alter accessory sperm number per ovum included 1) blockage of retrograde sperm loss at insemina- tion using a modified insemination device, 2) elevated sperm number per inseminate (40 x lo6 vs 20

J. M. DeJarnette; R. G. Saacke; J. Bame; C. J. Vogler

2010-01-01

347

Mineral find highlights cruise  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heavy minerals with potential commercial value were discovered last month by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in seafloor deposits off the coasts of Virginia and Georgia. The USGS sent the research vessel J. W. Powell on a 25-day cruise along the East Coast to assess the concentrations of commercially important minerals in that segment of the U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).Assistant Secretary of the Interior Robert Broadbent called the findings of the Powell “promising” and said they served as a “reminder of just how little we do know about the seafloor resources just a few miles offshore.”

Katzoff, Judith A.

348

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

SciTech Connect

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position as a source of sodium borate products and boric acid exported to foreign markets. Supplementary U.S. imports of Turkish calcium borate and calcium-sodium borate ores, borax, and boric acid, primarily for various glass uses, continued.

Lyday, P.A.

1990-08-01

349

Minerals Yearbook 1990: Montana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Montana's 1990 nonfuel mineral production value was $567.7 million, relatively unchanged from that of 1989. Gains in the production value of portland cement, clays, gold, crushed stone, talc, and zinc offset the decline in values of copper, molybdenum, ph...

R. J. Minarik R. B. McCulloch

1992-01-01

350

Minerals Yearbook, 1988: Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Minnesota's nonfuel mineral production in 1988 was valued at nearly $1.3 billion, about $125 million more than in 1987. Iron ore shipments, which accounted for most of this increase, were at their highest level since 1981. Minnesota ranked eighth national...

J. J. Hill

1988-01-01

351

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: Montana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Montana's 1992 nonfuel mineral production value was $539.2 million, a slight increase from that of 1991, according to the U.S. Bureau of Mines. Increases in the production value of lime, construction sand and gravel, and zinc more than offset the decrease...

R. J. Minarik R. B. McCulloch

1994-01-01

352

Minerals Yearbook, 1991: Chromium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Dr. Papp, a physical scientist with 20 years' U.S. Bureau of Mines experience, has been the commodity specialist for chromium since 1983. Domestic survey data were prepared by Steve Frauenheim and Robin Johnson, mineral data assistants; chromite world pro...

J. F. Papp

1993-01-01

353

New mineral physics panels  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AGU Committee on Mineral Physics has formed itself into six panels. The committee chairman is Orson L. Anderson of the Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of California, Los Angeles; foreign secretary is Robert Liebermann, Department of Earth and Space Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook. The six panels are as follows.

354

Energy and Mineral Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains 16 questions on the topic of energy and mineral resources, which covers energy sources, resource types, and uses of resources. This is part of the Principles of Earth Science course at the University of South Dakota. Users submit their answers and are provided immediate verification.

Heaton, Timothy

355

Minerals Yearbook, 1988: Wyoming.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The value of nonfuel mineral production in Wyoming rose about 10% in 1988 to $709.8 million. A similar percentage increase in the value of natural sodium carbonate-sodium bicarbonate (soda ash) production accounted for most of the change. Soda ash continu...

K. Starch W. D. Hausel R. E. Harris

1988-01-01

356

Mixtures and mineral reactions  

SciTech Connect

Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the physicochemical evolution of natural rocks through systematic analysis of the compositional properties and phase relations of their mineral assemblages. This book brings together concepts of classical thermodynamics, solution models, and atomic ordering and interactions that constitute a basis of such analysis, with examples of application to subsolidus petrological problems.

Saxena, S.; Ganguly, J.

1987-01-01

357

Mineral mining equipment  

SciTech Connect

A mineral mining machine hauls itself along a working face by engaging a round link chain. The links of the chain are fed sequentially from link-retaining pockets in a track component arranged around the working face, around a driven sprocket assembly on the machine and returned to the pockets.

Monks, H.

1980-11-25

358

Clay Mineral: Radiological Characterization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since the early days, clays have been used for therapeutic purposes. Nowadays, most minerals applied as anti-inflammatory, pharmaceutics and cosmetic are the clay minerals that are used as the active ingredient or, as the excipient, in formulations. Although their large use, few information is available in literature on the content of the radionuclide concentrations of uranium and thorium natural series and 40K in these clay minerals. The objective of this work is to determine the concentrations of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, 228Ra, 210Pb and 40K in commercial samples of clay minerals used for pharmaceutical or cosmetic purposes. Two kinds of clays samples were obtained in pharmacies, named green clay and white clay. Measurement for the determination of 238U and 232Th activity concentration was made by alpha spectrometry and gamma spectrometry was used for 226Ra, 228Ra, 210Pb and 40K determination. Some physical-chemical parameters were also determined as organic carbon and pH. The average activity concentration obtained was 906+/-340 Bq kg-1 for 40K, 40+/-9 Bq kg-1 for 226Ra, 75+/-9 Bq kg-1 for 228Ra, 197+/-38 Bq kg-1 for 210Pb, 51+/-26 Bq kg-1 for 238U and 55+/-24 Bq kg-1 for 232Th, considering both kinds of clay.

Cotomácio, J. G.; Silva, P. S. C.; Mazzilli, B. P.

2008-08-01

359

Minerals Yearbook, 1989: California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

California ranked second among the States in the value of nonfuel minerals produced in 1989, about 8.8% of the U.S. total. The value of the commodities produced in 1989 increased nearly 6% to $2.85 billion, continuing the steady growth in the State's mine...

F. V. Carrillo J. F. Davis J. L. Burnett

1989-01-01

360

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

California ranked third in the Nation in total value of nonfuel mineral production in 1992. Reported production valued at $2,345,838,000 was 7.33% of the U.S. total. The value of the commodities produced in California during the year decreased about 7.5% ...

F. V. Carrillo J. F. Davis J. T. Alfors

1994-01-01

361

MINERAL FILLERS IN PAPER  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is divided into two parts. In Part 1, after a brief historical introduction the advantages and disadvantages of using mineral fillers in the manufacture of paper are summarised. Details of the origin, methods of production and basic physical properties of kaolin, natural calcium carbonate, precipitated calcium carbonate, talc and titanium dioxide follow. These are supplemented by more limited

Ken Beazley

1991-01-01

362

Oxidants from Pulverized Minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Joel Hurowitz (previously at State University of New York at Stony Brook and now at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory), Nick Tosca, Scott McLennan, and Martin Schoonen (SUNY at Stony Brook) studied the production of hydrogen peroxide from freshly pulverized minerals in solution. Their experiments focused on olivine, augite, and labradorite; silicate minerals of basaltic planetary surfaces, such as the Moon and Mars, that are exposed to the intense crushing and grinding of impact cratering processes. The hydrogen peroxide produced in the experiments was enough to adequately explain the oxidizing nature of Martian regolith first determined by the Viking Landers and the results suggest, for the first time, that mechanically activated mineral surfaces may be an important part of the overall explanation for the Viking Lander biology experiment results. Hurowitz and coauthors further showed that when the pulverized minerals are heat-treated to high temperature under vacuum (to cause dehydroxylation) there is almost a 20 times increase in hydrogen peroxide production, a result which may be highly relevant to lunar dust. These careful studies demonstrate the importance of and concern about reactive dusts on planetary surfaces from two standpoints: the health of astronauts on surface maneuvers who may inadvertently breath it and the viability of possible Martian organic species to survive in such a corrosive, antiseptic surface environment.

Martel, L. M. V.

2007-06-01

363

Bioleaching of Minerals  

SciTech Connect

Bioleaching is the term used to describe the microbial dissolution of metals from minerals. The commercial bioleaching of metals, particularly those hosted in sulfide minerals, is supported by the technical disciplines of biohydrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, pyrometallurgy, chemistry, electrochemistry, and chemical engineering. The study of the natural weathering of these same minerals, above and below ground, is also linked to the fields of geomicrobiology and biogeochemistry. Studies of abandoned and disused mines indicate that the alterations of the natural environment due to man's activities leave as remnants microbiological activity that continues the biologically mediated release of metals from the host rock (acid rock drainage; ARD). A significant fraction of the world's copper, gold and uranium is now recovered by exploiting native or introduced microbial communities. While some members of these unique communities have been extensively studied for the past 50 years, our knowledge of the composition of these communities, and the function of the individual species present remains relatively limited. Nevertheless, bioleaching represents a major strategy in mineral resource recovery whose importance will increase as ore reserves decline in quality, become more difficult to process (due to increased depth, increased need for comminution, for example), and as environmental considerations eliminate traditional physical processes such as smelting, which have served the mining industry for hundreds of years.

F. Roberto

2002-02-01

364

Minerals Yearbook, 1991: Beryllium.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Beryllium data are collected from two voluntary surveys of U.S. operations. In 1990, there were eight responses to the 'Beryllium Mineral Concentrate and Beryllium Ore' survey, representing 100% of the total canvassed. U.S. mine production continued to de...

D. A. Kramer

1992-01-01

365

Electrocardiographic differentiation of typical atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia mediated by concealed accessory pathway in children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The value of the electrocardiogram (ECG) in children with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is unclear. The noninvasive differentiation of typical atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) and atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT) mediated by concealed accessory pathway conduction is clinically important, as it helps in counseling and potentially facilitates ablation procedures. One hundred forty-eight ECGs showing narrow QRS complex SVT were obtained from

Edgar T Jaeggi; Thomas Gilljam; Urs Bauersfeld; Christine Chiu; Robert Gow

2003-01-01

366

Catheter ablation of a difficult accessory pathway guided by coronary sinus venography and 3D electroanatomical mapping.  

PubMed

A 38-year-old man with history of unsuccessful catheter ablation of paraseptal accessory pathway (AP) and cardiac arrest was referred for reablation. Coronary sinus (CS) venography and detailed three-dimensional electroanatomical mapping demonstrated a large diverticulum near the CS ostium. A single radiofrequency ablation at the neck of the diverticulum eliminated conduction in the AP completely. PMID:20356913

Raatikainen, M J Pekka; Pedersen, Anders K

2010-08-01

367

Improvement of productivity of active form of glutamate racemase in Escherichia coli by coexpression of folding accessory proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since two classes of folding accessory proteins, molecular chaperones and foldases, prevent the misfolding of newly synthesized polypeptides in the cell, their coexpression could be expected to improve the productivity of soluble and active recombinant proteins. Escherichia coli cytoplasmic glutamate racemase (GluR), which has five cysteine thiol groups and no disulfide bond, was selected as a model enzyme and overexpressed

Jiro Kohda; Yasunori Endo; Naotake Okumura; Yoichi Kurokawa; Kazuyo Nishihara; Hideki Yanagi; Takashi Yura; Hideki Fukuda; Akihiko Kondo

2002-01-01

368

Accessory Breast Cancer Occurring Concurrently with Bilateral Primary Invasive Breast Carcinomas: A Report of Two Cases and Literature Review  

PubMed Central

The development of accessory breast tissue, which is found anywhere along the milk line, is attributed to the failure of milk line remnants to regress during embryogenesis. Primary tumors may arise from any ectopic breast tissue. Accessory breast cancer occurring concurrently with primary invasive breast cancer is extremely rare. Two such cases were reported in this article. One was a 43-year-old Chinese female who exhibited bilateral breast cancer (invasive ductal carcinoma, not otherwise specified, IDC-NOS) and an accessory breast carcinoma (IDC-NOS) incidentally identified in her left axilla. The ectopic breast tissue in her right axilla presented with adenosis. The patient was surgically treated, followed by postoperative docetaxel epirubicin (TE) chemotherapy. The second case was a 53-year-old Chinese female with bilateral breast cancer (apocrine carcinoma) accompanied by an accessory breast carcinoma (IDC-NOS) in her right axilla that was also incidentally identified. The patient was surgically treated after three doses of cyclophosphamide epirubicin docetaxel (CET) neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy of the same regimen.

Hao, Jin-yan; Yang, Cui-cui; Liu, Fang-fang; Yang, Yi-ling; Li, Shuai; Li, Wei-dong; Li, Ya-qing; Lang, Rong-gang; Fan, Yu; Paulos, Estifanos; Zhang, Xin-min; Fu, Li

2012-01-01

369

Accessory phase controls on the geochemistry of crustal melts and restites produced during water-undersaturated partial melting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The profound geochemical conseqences of accessory phase behaviour during partial melting of highgrade metapelites are demonstrated with reference to two geochemically distinct crustal melts produced by biotite dehydration melting reactions under granulite facies (kbar, 860°CC) conditions. These two leucogneiss suites, from the Brattstrand Bluffs coastline, eastern Antarctica, have similar field relations, transport distances (10 100 s of metres) and major

G. R. Watt; S. L. Harley

1993-01-01

370

Accessory phase controls on the geochemistry of crustal melts and restites produced during water-undersaturated partial melting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The profound geochemical conseqences of accessory phase behaviour during partial melting of highgrade metapelites are demonstrated with reference to two geochemically distinct crustal melts produced by biotite dehydration melting reactions under granulite facies (kbar, 860°CC) conditions. These two leucogneiss suites, from the Brattstrand Bluffs coastline, eastern Antarctica, have similar field relations, transport distances (10–100 s of metres) and major element

G. R. Watt; S. L. Harley

1993-01-01

371

A DNA Polymerase alpha Accessory Protein, Mcl1, Is Required for Propagation of Centromere Structures in Fission Yeast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Specialized chromatin exists at centromeres and must be precisely transmitted during DNA replication. The mechanisms involved in the propagation of these structures remain elusive. Fission yeast centromeres are composed of two chromatin domains: the central CENP-ACnp1 kinetochore domain and flanking heterochromatin domains. Here we show that fission yeast Mcl1, a DNA polymerase ? (Pol?) accessory protein, is critical for maintenance

Toyoaki Natsume; Yasuhiro Tsutsui; Takashi Sutani; Elaine M. Dunleavy; Alison L. Pidoux; Hiroshi Iwasaki; Katsuhiko Shirahige; Robin C. Allshire; Fumiaki Yamao; Rodolfo Aramayo

2008-01-01

372

Opaque minerals in the matrix of the Bishunpur (LL3.1) chondrite: constraints on the chondrule formation environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The chemistry and mineralogy of a group of opaque mineral assemblages in the matrix of the Bishunpur LL3.1 ordinary chondrite provide insight into the nebular environment in which they formed. The assemblages consist of a kamacite (Fe,Ni) core that is rimmed by troilite (FeS) and fayalite (Fe2SiO4). Accessory phases in the rims include silica (SiO2), chromite (FeCr2O4), whitlockite (Ca3(PO4)2), maricite

Dante S. Lauretta; Peter R. Buseck; Thomas J. Zega

2001-01-01

373

Sézary syndrome, T-helper 2 cytokines and accessory factor-1 (AF-1).  

PubMed

Mycosis fungoides and the Sézary Syndrome are characterized by clonal accumulation of well differentiated T-helper memory cells in the skin and, in the case of the Sézary Syndrome, also in the blood and lymph nodes. Well known immunological abnormalities in patients with MF and SS include reduced delayed type hypersensitivity, decreased proliferation upon stimulation with mitogens of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells, elevated IgE or IgA serum levels and eosinophilia. These abnormalities can be explained by the predominance of T-helper 2 cytokines. Clonal T-lymphocytes purified from the peripheral blood of SS patients transcribe mainly IL-10 and IL-5. They can be CD7 positive or negative. These clonal T cells express the accessory factor-1 (AF-1) or Interferon gamma receptor beta-chain that is essential for Interferon gamma signalling. These results imply perspectives for new therapeutical approaches, such as IL-12 or chimeric fusion proteins. PMID:9613981

Dummer, R; Geertsen, R; Ludwig, E; Niederer, E; Burg, G

1998-02-01

374

[Refractory tachycardia treated with fine catheter ablation of left sided-accessory pathway].  

PubMed

In 10 patients with incessant A-V reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT), catheter ablation (CA) of left-sided accessory pathway (AP) was attempted with DC shock using a fine quadripolar electrode positioned in the coronary sinus (CS) close to the AP. 3-6 cathodal shocks of 50 to 150 J (stored energy) were delivered (cumulative energy 150-700 J/Pt). After a follow-up period of 9-20 months (including EP restudying), AVRT were cured in 8 cases, AP conduction resumed in 2 (less episodes of AVRT in 1 case). The high success rate may be the result of using the special lead (tolerate multiple shock without decrease in the intensity of the shock, cause less barotrauma). The indications and complications of the technique were also discussed. PMID:2086168

Huang, Y

1990-06-01

375

Structure and Function of the Melanocortin2 Receptor Accessory Protein MRAP  

PubMed Central

The melanocortin2 (MC21), or ACTH receptor, requires MC2 receptor accessory protein (MRAP) for function, and individuals lacking MRAP are ACTH-resistant and glucocorticoid-deficient. MRAP facilitates trafficking of the MC2 receptor to the plasma membrane and is absolutely required for ACTH binding and stimulation of cAMP. MRAP, which contains a single transmembrane domain, has a unique structure, an antiparallel homodimer. It can be isolated from the plasma membrane in a complex with the MC2 receptor. A short sequence just aminoterminal to the transmembrane domain of MRAP is essential for dual topology, while the transmembrane region is not; both are necessary for function. Deletion or alanine-substitution of other aminoterminal regions yields MRAP mutants that promote surface expression of the MC2 receptor but not receptor signaling. These results identify two distinct actions of MRAP: to permit trafficking of the MC2 receptor, and to allow surface receptor binding and signaling.

Hinkle, Patricia M.; Sebag, Julien A.

2009-01-01

376

Research on the Application of New Accessory Ingredient in Cashmere Hank Yarn Dyeing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exist many problems in the process of cashmere yarn dyeing such as great difficulty in dyeing, large damage to yarn, low strength, and lack of brightness in color. Currently the technologies of hank yarn dyeing in foreign countries are very advanced, but most of them aim for hank yarn dyeing of cotton and silk with few reports on the research about hank dyeing of cashmere. In this paper, we will use reactive dyes to dye cashmere yarn, do comparative experiment on pre-treatment lotion Kierlon OL and Da ai wen, and add a smooth anti-creasing agent Primasol JET and cashmere protective agent WSM in the dyeing process and analyze their impact on the performance of cashmere hank yarn dyeing to determine a reasonable dose of accessory ingredient. This dyeing program can be applied to guide the actual production, achieving the effects of improving the performance of cashmere hank yarn dyeing and enhancing the quality of dyed yarn

Wang, Li-ping; Wang, Cun-tao

377

Accessory olfactory bulb function is modulated by input from the main olfactory epithelium.  

PubMed

Although it is now established that sensory neurons in both the main olfactory epithelium and the vomeronasal organ may be activated by both general and pheromonal odorants, it remains unclear what initiates sampling by the vomeronasal organ. Anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase was used to determine that adequate intranasal syringing with zinc sulfate interrupted all inputs to the main olfactory bulb but left intact those to the accessory olfactory bulb. Adult male treated mice were frankly anosmic when tested with pheromonal and non-pheromonal odors and failed to engage in aggressive behavior. Treated juvenile females failed to show puberty acceleration subsequent to exposure to bedding from adult males. Activation of the immediate early gene c-Fos and electrovomeronasogram recording confirmed the integrity of the vomeronasal system in zinc sulfate-treated mice. These results support the hypothesis that odor detection by the main olfactory epithelium is required to initiate sampling by the vomeronasal system. PMID:20377623

Slotnick, Burton; Restrepo, Diego; Schellinck, Heather; Archbold, Georgina; Price, Stephen; Lin, Weihong

2010-03-01

378

Accessory Olfactory Bulb Function is Modulated by Input from the Main Olfactory Epithelium  

PubMed Central

While it is now established that sensory neurons in both the main olfactory epithelium and the vomeronasal organ may be activated by both general and pheromonal odorants, it remains unclear what initiates sampling by the VNO. Anterograde transport of wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase was used to determine that adequate intranasal syringing with zinc sulfate interrupted all inputs to the main olfactory bulb but left intact those to the accessory olfactory bulb. Adult male treated mice were frankly anosmic when tested with pheromonal and non-pheromonal odors and failed to engage in aggressive behavior. Treated juvenile females failed to show puberty acceleration subsequent to exposure to bedding from adult males. Activation of the immediate early gene c-Fos and electro-vomeronasogram recording confirmed the integrity of the vomeronasal system in zinc sulfate treated mice. These results support the hypothesis that odor detection by the main olfactory epithelium is required to initiate sampling by the vomeronasal system.

Slotnick, Burton; Restrepo, Diego; Schellinck, Heather; Archbold, Georgina; Price, Stephen; Lin, Weihong

2013-01-01

379

Involvement of melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) in the function of melanocortin receptors.  

PubMed

The melanocortin system integrates different agonists, competitive or inverse agonists, and receptors. Recent investigations have also discovered a specific system of melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) that are involved in the regulation of the functional expression of these receptors. MRAP1 mutations are responsible for type 2 familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD2), a rare autosomal disorder characterized by high plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) levels but severe cortisol deficiency. ACTH binds melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R), a G protein-coupled receptor, in the adrenal gland to promote corticosteroid synthesis. In the absence of MRAP1, MC2R cannot translocate from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane and ACTH-induced signaling is extinguished. A second MRAP protein, called MRAP2, also modulates MC2R activity. MRAPs also interact with the other melanocortin receptors, adjusting their pharmacological properties. In this paper, we briefly review the MRAP system and its interaction with melanocortin receptors. PMID:23410915

Cerdá-Reverter, J M; Agulleiro, M J; Cortés, R; Sánchez, E; Guillot, R; Leal, E; Fernández-Durán, B; Puchol, S; Eley, M

2013-07-01

380

Neurophysiologic monitoring of the spinal accessory nerve, hypoglossal nerve, and the spinomedullary region.  

PubMed

This review of hypoglossal nerve, spinal accessory nerve, and spinomedullary region intraoperative monitoring details pertinent central and extramedullary anatomy, an updated understanding of proper free-run EMG recording methods and recent developments in stimulation technique and instrumentation. Mapping and monitoring the floor of the fourth ventricle, especially the vagal/hypoglossal trigone region, are emphasized. Although cranial nerve transcranial electrical motor evoked potential recordings can afford appreciation of corticobulbar/corticospinal tract function and secure a more dependable measure of proximate extramedullary somatoefferents, the sometimes difficult implementation and the, as yet, unresolved alert criteria of these recordings demand critical appraisal. Nearby and intimately associated cardiochronotropic and barocontrol neural networks are described; their better understanding is recommended as an important adjunct to "routine" neural monitoring. Finally, an Illustrative case is presented to highlight the many strengths and weaknesses of "state of the art" lower cranial nerve/spinomedullary region monitoring. PMID:22146361

Skinner, Stanley A

2011-12-01

381

Hindfoot endoscopy for accessory flexor digitorum longus and flexor hallucis longus tenosynovitis.  

PubMed

We present a case report involving the flexor digitorum accessorius longus (FDAL) tendon which travels through a fibro-osseous tunnel together with the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendon, causing a stenosing tenosynovitis. The patient was admitted with posteromedial ankle pain and diagnosed clinically as FHL tenosynovitis. We found two tendons in the tunnel during hindfoot endoscopy. The stenosis was relieved by endoscopic debridement. After the operation, we checked the MRI images and observed two tendons. We concluded that the accessory tendon was the FDAL. Two years later the patient was admitted with the same symptoms. We excised the FDAL muscle and the patient's symptoms resolved. The FDAL muscle is a cause of FHL tenosynovitis. Because of its variability and mostly asymptomatic nature, it may not be noticed it on an MRI scan. Hindfoot endoscopy is a safe tool for the diagnosis of this condition and curative treatment is afforded by excision of the FDAL muscle. PMID:21276556

Ogut, Tahir; Ayhan, Egemen

2011-03-01

382

An enhanced method for accessory pathway localization in case of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.  

PubMed

This paper presents an analysis of the Arruda accessory pathway localization method for patients suffering from Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, with modifications to increase the overall accuracy. The Arruda method was tested on a total of 79 cases, and 91.1% localization performance was reached. After a deeper analysis of each decision point of the Arruda localization method, we considered that the lead aVF was not as relevant as other leads (I, II, III, V1) used. The branch of the decision tree, which evaluates the left ventricle positions, was entirely replaced using different decision criteria based on the same biological parameters. The modified algorithm significantly improves the localization accuracy in the left ventricle, reaching 94.9%. An accurate localization performance of non-invasive methods is relevant because it can enlighten the necessary invasive interventions, and it also reduces the discomfort caused to the patient. PMID:21893474

Miklós, Szilágyi Sándor; Szilágyi, L; Görög, L K; Luca, C T; Cozma, D; Ivanica, G; Benyó, Z

2011-09-01

383

Morphometric data on the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon in the equine hindlimb.  

PubMed

Desmopathy of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon (ALDDFT) in the hindlimb has recently been described as a cause of lameness in horses. However, there is limited morphometric data on this ligament. In the present study, the ALDDFT was carefully dissected in 165 hindlimbs that were collected from an abattoir. Length, width (lateral-to-medial) and thickness (plantar-to-dorsal) of the ligament were measured. It was found that the ALDDFT may be absent in a minority of horses, but when it was present the general morphology was variable. The ALDDFT can be a single rectilinear structure ranging from slender or poorly developed to quite large and can be divided, in part or in its entirety, into two or three bundles. PMID:19564123

Muylle, Sofie; Vanderperren, Katrien; Saunders, Jimmy; Simoens, Paul

2010-06-01

384

Discovery of a Novel Accessory Structure of the Pitviper Infrared Receptor Organ (Serpentes: Viperidae)  

PubMed Central

The facial pits of rattlesnakes, copperheads, lanceheads, bushmasters and other American and Asian pitvipers (Crotalinae) are highly innervated and densely vascularized infrared (IR) receptor organs. For over a century, studies have focused on a small sample of model species from North America and Asia. Based on an expanded survey of Central and South American crotalines, we report a conspicuous accessory structure composed of well-defined papillae that project from the anterior orbital adnexa. The papillae are continuous with the inner chamber of the IR receptor organ and our histological and ultrastructural data suggest that they possess a well-developed nervous network and extensive vascularization; however, they lack the characteristic IR-sensitive terminal nerve masses found in the IR-receptive pit membrane. The function of the IR receptor organ papillae is unknown.

Bolivar-G, Wilmar; Antoniazzi, Marta M.; Grant, Taran; Jared, Carlos

2014-01-01

385

Accessory cells in physiological lymphoid tissue from the intestine: an immunohistochemical study.  

PubMed

We report a study of the organization of accessory cell populations, in normal mucosal lymphoid tissue from small intestine (8 cases), large intestine (6) and appendix (9) using a panel of monoclonal antibodies and polyclonal antisera in paraffin-embedded tissue. Two populations were identified in dome areas, one positive for acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor and HLA class II (WR18) only and the second positive for S-100 protein, CD68, and WR18 and negative for acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor and factor XIIIa. Superficial colonic mucosal and small intestinal villous tip macrophages stained positively with CD68 and WR18 only, while deeper cryptal and submucosal populations exhibited additional positivity for factor XIIIa, but both populations were negative for acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor and S-100 protein. Germinal centre macrophages were positive for CD68, WR18 and acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor and negative for factor XIIIa, and S-100 protein. T zone dendritic cells included a population which stained positively for S-100 protien, WR18 and were negative for factor XIIIa, CD68 and acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor, an immunophenotype typical of interdigitating dendritic reticulum cells. This distribution of phenotypically identifiable accessory cell subpopulations was apparent at all three sites examined. We suggest that the specialized subpopulations of dendritic cells staining for S-100 protein and for acid cysteine proteinase inhibitor which are restricted to the dome areas, may have a potential role in the transfer of antigen across the epithelium to the germinal centres, while factor XIIIa appears to identify a tissue macrophage population with a potential role in stromal modulation distant from direct antigen challenge. PMID:8729038

Sarsfield, P; Rinne, A; Jones, D B; Johnson, P; Wright, D H

1996-03-01

386

Juvenile hormone regulation of male accessory gland activity in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum  

PubMed Central

Male accessory gland proteins (Acps) act as key modulators of reproductive success in insects by influencing the female reproductive physiology and behavior. We used custom microarrays and identified 112 genes that were highly expressed in male accessory glands (MAG) in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Out of these 112 identified genes, 59 of them contained sequences coding for signal peptide and cleavage site and the remaining 53 contained transmembrane domains. The expression of 14 these genes in the MAG but not in other tissues of male or female was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. In virgin males, juvenile hormone (JH) levels increased from second day post adult emergence (PAE), remained high on third day PAE and declined on fourth day PAE. The ecdysteroid titers were high soon after adult emergence but declined to minimal levels from 1-5 days PAE. Feeding of juvenile hormone analog, hydroprene, but not the ecdysteroid analog, RH-2485, showed an increase in size of MAGs, as well as an increase in total RNA and protein content of MAG. Hydroprene treatment also increased the expression Acp genes in the MAG. RNAi-mediated knock-down in the expression of JHAMT gene decreased the size of MAGs and expression of Acps. JH deficiency influenced male reproductive fitness as evidenced by a less vigor in mating behavior, poor sperm transfer, low egg and the progeny production by females mated with the JH deficient males. These data suggest a critical role for JH in the regulation of male reproduction especially through MAG secretions.

Parthasarathy, R.; Tan, A.; Sun, Z.; Chen, J.; Rainkin, M.; Palli, S. R.

2009-01-01

387

Dependence of T Cell Antigen Recognition on the Dimensions of an Accessory Receptor-Ligand Complex  

PubMed Central

The T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and its ligand peptide–major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are small (?7 nm) compared with other abundant cell surface molecules such as integrins, CD43, and CD45 (23–50 nm). We have proposed that molecules at the T cell/antigen-presenting cell (APC) interface segregate according to size, with small “accessory” molecules (e.g., CD2, CD4, CD8, CD28, and CD154) contributing to the formation of a close-contact zone, within which the TCR engages peptide–MHC, and from which large molecules are excluded (Davis, S.J., and P.A. van der Merwe. 1996. Immunol. Today. 17:177–187). One prediction of this model is that increasing the size of these small accessory molecules will disrupt their function. Here, we test this prediction by varying the dimensions of the CD2 ligand, CD48, and examining how this affects T cell antigen recognition. Although the interaction of CD2 on T cells with wild-type or shortened forms of CD48 on APCs enhances T cell antigen recognition, the interaction of CD2 with elongated forms of CD48 is strongly inhibitory. Further experiments indicated that elongation of the CD2/CD48 complex inhibited TCR engagement of peptide–MHC, presumably by preventing the formation of sufficiently intimate contacts at the T cell/APC interface. These findings demonstrate the importance of small size in CD2/CD48 function, and support the hypothesis that T cell antigen recognition requires segregation of cell surface molecules according to size.

Wild, Martin K.; Cambiaggi, Anna; Brown, Marion H.; Davies, Elizabeth A.; Ohno, Hiroshi; Saito, Takashi; van der Merwe, P. Anton

1999-01-01

388

Multiple Accessory Pathways in the Young: The Impact of Structural Heart Disease  

PubMed Central

Background The presence of multiple accessory pathways (multAP) is described in structural heart disease (SHD) such as Ebstein’s anomaly and cardiomyopathies. Structural defects can impact the tolerability of tachyarrhythmia and can complicate both medical management and ablation. In a large cohort of pediatric patients with and without SHD undergoing invasive electrophysiology study, we examined the prevalence of multAP and the effect of both multAP and SHD on ablation outcomes. Methods Accessory pathway number and location, presence of SHD, ablation success, and recurrence were analyzed in consecutive patients from our center over a 16 year period. Results In 1088 patients, 1228 pathways (36% retrograde only) were mapped to the right side (TV) in 18%, septum(S) in 39%, and left side (MV) in 43%. MultAP were present in 111 pts (10%), involving 250 distinct pathways. SHD tripled the risk of multAP (26% SHD vs 8% no SHD, p<0.001). Multivariable adjusted risk factors for multAP included Ebstein’s(OR 8.7[4.4–17.5],p<0.001) and cardiomyopathy (OR13.3[5.1–34.5], p<0.001). Of 1306 ablation attempts, 94% were acutely successful with an 8% recurrence rate. Ablation success was affected by SHD (85% vs 95% for no SHD, p<0.01) but not by multAP (91% vs. 94% for single, p= 0.24). Recurrence rate was higher for SHD (17% SHD vs 8% no SHD, p<0.05) and multAP (19% multAP vs. 8% single, p<0.001). Conclusions MultAP are found in 10% of pediatric patients, and are more common in SHD compared to those with normal hearts. Both the presence of multAP and SHD negatively influence ablation outcomes.

Zachariah, Justin P; Walsh, Edward P; Triedman, John K; Berul, Charles I; Cecchin, Frank; Alexander, Mark E; Bevilacqua, Laura M

2012-01-01

389

Izu Backarc Extension-related Basalts: The Importance of Accessory Phases in Island arc Magma Genesis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Studies of Izu's Oligocene-Miocene backarc and Quaternary volcanic front suggest that slab-derived components have been consistently partitioned between the rear arc that receives slab melts versus the volcanic front that receives only slab fluids. Th/La ratios increase whereas Ba/La ratios and Sr, Pb, Nd and Hf isotope ratios all decrease across the arc. The volcanic front mantle source is also more depleted than the mantle source of the rear arc volcanoes. More recent and widespread basaltic volcanism (3-0 Ma) is associated with "backarc" extension and rifting between the volcanic front and rear arc. The spatial and temporal variability of these basalts is used to constrain the sources and processes of magmagenesis. Extension-related backarc basalts have major element systematics that are MORB-like and similar to those of Manus and Lau-two backarc basins with the fastest spreading rates and highest inferred mantle potential temperatures-even though spreading is not yet occurring at Izu. REE patterns are also MORB-like. However, ratios of fluid-mobile elements to fluid- immobile elements (e.g., Ba/Nb) and Pb isotope ratios suggest variable but minor amounts of slab-derived fluid components. Nd and Hf isotope systematics and Hf*/Hf and Ce*/Ce ratios are consistent with some slab-derived sediment melt contribution but, if so, then Hf*/Hf, Zr/Hf, La/Nb, and Th/La ratios require trace accessory phases (e.g., ilmenite, rutile, and zircon) to be present in either the subducting slab or mantle wedge, or both. Distinguishing between pre-existing and subduction-related mantle heterogeneities is still problematic, given the small contributions of sediment inferred from slab-mantle mixing calculations, but trace accessory phases such as ilmenite would be required in the mantle wedge even if sediment is not the source of elevated REE/HFSE ratios.

Tollstrup, D. L.; Gill, J. B.

2007-05-01

390

Melanocortin 4 receptor becomes an ACTH receptor by coexpression of melanocortin receptor accessory protein 2.  

PubMed

Melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) is the only canonical ACTH receptor. Its functional expression requires the presence of an accessory protein, known as melanocortin receptor 2 accessory protein 1 (MRAP1). The vertebrate genome exhibits a paralogue gene called MRAP2, which is duplicated in zebrafish (MRAP2a and MRAP2b), although its function remains unknown. In this paper, we demonstrate that MRAP2a enables MC4R, a canonical MSH receptor, to be activated by ACTH with a similar sensitivity to that exhibited by MC2R. Both proteins physically interact and are coexpressed in the neurons of the preoptic area, a key region in the control of the energy balance and hypophyseal secretion in fish. ACTH injections inhibit food intake in wild-type zebrafish but not in fish lacking functional MC4R. Both MRAP1 and MRAP2a are hormonally regulated, suggesting that these proteins are substrates for feed-back regulatory pathways of melanocortin signaling. Fasting has no effect on the central expression of MRAP2a but stimulates MRAP2b expression. This protein interacts and is colocalized with MC4R in the tuberal hypothalamic neurons but has no effect on the pharmacologic profile of MC4R. However, MRPA2b is able to decrease basal reporter activity in cell lines expressing MC4R. It is plausible that MRAP2b decreases the constitutive activity of the MC4R during fasting periods, driving the animal toward a positive energy balance. Our data indicate that MRAP2s control the activity of MC4R, opening up new pathways for the regulation of melanocortin signaling and, by extension, for the regulation of the energy balance and obesity. PMID:24085819

Josep Agulleiro, Maria; Cortés, Raúl; Fernández-Durán, Begoña; Navarro, Sandra; Guillot, Raúl; Meimaridou, Eirini; Clark, Adrian J L; Cerdá-Reverter, José Miguel

2013-11-01

391

Novel Redox-Sensing Modules: Accessory Protein- and Nucleic Acid-Mediated Signaling  

PubMed Central

Abstract Significance: Organisms have evolved both enzymatic and nonenzymatic pathways to prevent oxidative damage to essential macromolecules, including proteins and nucleic acids. Pathways modulated by different protein-based sensory and regulatory modules ensure a rapid and appropriate response. Recent Advances: In contrast to classical two-component systems that possess internal sensory and regulatory modules, an accessory protein-dependent redox-signaling system has been recently characterized in bacteria. This system senses extracellular iron-mediated oxidative stress signals via an extracellularly located protein (HbpS). In vivo and in vitro studies allowed the elucidation of molecular mechanisms governing this system. Moreover, recent studies show that nucleic acids may also participate in redox-signaling during antioxidative stress response. Critical Issues: Research for novel redox-signaling systems is often focused on known types of sensory and regulatory modules. It is also often considered that the oxidative attack of macromolecules, leading to modification and degradation processes, is the final step during oxidative stress. However, recent studies have demonstrated that oxidatively modified macromolecules can be intermediary states in the process of redox-signaling. Future Directions: Analyses of adjacent regions of genes encoding for known sensory and regulatory modules can identify potential accessory modules that may increase the complexity of sensing systems. Despite the fact that the involvement of DNA-mediated signaling in the modulation of one bacterial regulator protein has been analyzed in detail, further studies are necessary to identify additional regulators. Given the role of DNA in oxidative-stress response, it is tempting to hypothesize that RNA modules may also mediate redox-signaling. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 16, 668–677.

Siedenburg, Gabriele; Groves, Matthew R.

2012-01-01

392

Intervention of D-glucose ameliorates the toxicity of streptozotocin in accessory sex organs of rat  

SciTech Connect

Streptozotocin (STZ) is a naturally occurring compound isolated from Streptomyces achromogens. It is used extensively for inducing diabetes in experimental animals. Diabetes mellitus is known to have proven adverse effects on male sexual organs and their reproductive functions. The atrophy of prostate gland and other organs of the genitourinary tract were observed in experimental diabetic animals. STZ exhibits a structural resemblance to D-glucose due to the presence of sugar moiety in its structure. Pancreatic {beta}-cells mainly contain GLUT1 and GLUT2 glucose transporters. Possibly due to structural resemblance, STZ and D-glucose, share a common recognition site for entry into the {beta}-cells. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of D-glucose on STZ-induced toxicity in accessory sex organs of male rats. Animals were kept on overnight fasting. One group received vehicle and served as negative control, while all other groups were given STZ (45 mg/kg). Animals that received only STZ served as positive control. The effect of D-glucose was studied on STZ treated animals with different dosage of D-glucose (250, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg). Restoration of body weight, plasma glucose and plasma insulin was evident only at 1000 and 2000 mg/kg of D-glucose. The protective effect of D-glucose is evident only when it is administered simultaneously with STZ. In the present investigation, we report that simultaneous administration of D-glucose along with STZ ameliorates STZ-induced toxicity. This is evident from the restoration of accessory sex organ's weight, cellular morphology as well as insulin level.

Vikram, A.; Tripathi, D.N.; Ramarao, P. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Punjab-160062 (India); Jena, G.B. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Punjab-160062 (India)], E-mail: gbjena@gmail.com

2008-01-01

393

The quantitative effect of an accessory ostium on ventilation of the maxillary sinus.  

PubMed

The airflow and gas exchange behaviors of the human maxillary sinus were quantified to better understand the effect of an accessory ostium (AO). An anatomically correct numerical domain was constructed using CT data from a male patient with mild nasal obstruction. For the purpose of comparison, a numerical model without an AO was also generated by artificially removing the AO from the original model using CAD software. A steady-flow field through the nasal cavity was simulated using ANSYS-FLUENT v13.0 with a target flow rate of 250 ml/s. The Volume of Fluid (VOF) method was used to investigate the concentration field of nitric oxide (NO) initially filled in the maxillary sinus. The simulation results showed that a transit flow through the maxillary sinus developed in the presence of an AO. As the flow entered the sinus through either a natural or accessory ostium from the middle meatus, the velocity was significantly reduced to a local maximum of approximately 0.034 m/s inside the sinus. This by-pass flow rate through the sinus of 2.186×10(-1) to 3.591×10(-1) ml/s was a small fraction of the total flow rate inhaled from the nostril, but it effectively changed the local flow topology and led to a larger reduction in NO concentration in the maxillary sinus. This more rapid reduction in NO concentration was due to enhanced ventilation activity afforded by convective transport of the transit stream through the flow path connecting the natural ostium and the AO. The inspiration and expiration phases were qualitatively similar in flow pattern except for the flow direction in the maxillary sinus, suggesting that the AO plays a similar physiological role during both inspiration and expiration in terms of ventilation. PMID:22326723

Na, Yang; Kim, Kyunghun; Kim, Sung Kyun; Chung, Seung-Kyu

2012-04-15

394

Mineral oil soluble borate compositions  

SciTech Connect

Alkali metal borates are reacted with fatty acids or oils in the presence of a low hlb value surfactant to give a stable mineral oil-soluble product. Mineral oil containing the borate can be used as a cutting fluid.

Dulat, J.

1981-09-15

395

Alphabetical Listing of Mineral Species  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This directory provides an alphabetical listing of more than 4,000 mineral species. Clicking on each mineral name provides access to information including chemical formula and composition, locality and name origin, physical properties, optical properties, images, and many others.

396

Identification of a yeast artificial chromosome clone encoding an accessory factor for the human interferon [gamma] receptor: Evidence for multiple accessory factors  

SciTech Connect

Human chromosomes 6 and 21 are both necessary to confer sensitivity to human interferon [gamma](Hu-IFN-[gamma]), as measured by the induction of human HLA class I antigen. Human chromosome 6 encodes the receptor for Hu-IFN-[gamma], and human chromosome 21 encodes accessory factors for generating biological activity through the Hu-IFN-[gamma] receptor. A small region of human chromosome 21 that is responsible for encoding such factors was localized with hamster-human somatic cell hybrids carrying an irradiation-reduced fragment of human chromosome 21. The cell line with the minimum chromosome 21-specific DNA is Chinese hamster ovary 3x1S. To localize the genes further, 10 different yeast artificial chromosome clones from six different loci in the vicinity of the 3x1S region were fused to a human-hamster hybrid cell line (designated 16-9) that contains human chromosome 6q (supplying the Hy-IFN-[gamma] receptor) and the human HLA-B7 gene. These transformed 16-9 cells were assayed for induction of class I HLA antigens upon treatment with Hu-IFN-[gamma]. Here the authors report that a 540-kb yeast artificial chromosome encodes the necessary species-specific factor(s) and can substitute for human chromosome 21 to reconstitute the Hu-IFN-[gamma]-receptor-mediated induction of class I HLA antigens. However, the factor encoded on the yeast artificial chromosome does not confer antiviral protection against encephalomyocarditis virus, demonstrating that an additional factor encoded on human chromosome 21 is required for the antiviral activity. 51 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

Soh, J.; Donnelly, R.J.; Mariano, T.M.; Cook, J.R.; Schwartz, B.; Pestka, S. (Univ. of Medicine and Dentistry, Piscataway, NJ (United States))

1993-09-15

397

Breakage-fusion-bridge cycles and large insertions contribute to the rapid evolution of accessory chromosomes in a fungal pathogen.  

PubMed

Chromosomal rearrangements are a major driver of eukaryotic genome evolution, affecting speciation, pathogenicity and cancer progression. Changes in chromosome structure are often initiated by mis-repair of double-strand breaks in the DNA. Mis-repair is particularly likely when telomeres are lost or when dispersed repeats misalign during crossing-over. Fungi carry highly polymorphic chromosomal complements showing substantial variation in chromosome length and number. The mechanisms driving chromosome polymorphism in fungi are poorly understood. We aimed to identify mechanisms of chromosomal rearrangements in the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. We combined population genomic resequencing and chromosomal segment PCR assays with electrophoretic karyotyping and resequencing of parents and offspring from experimental crosses to show that this pathogen harbors a highly diverse complement of accessory chromosomes that exhibits strong global geographic differentiation in numbers and lengths of chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes carried highly differentiated gene contents due to numerous insertions and deletions. The largest accessory chromosome recently doubled in length through insertions totaling 380 kb. Based on comparative genomics, we identified the precise breakpoint locations of these insertions. Nondisjunction during meiosis led to chromosome losses in progeny of three different crosses. We showed that a new accessory chromosome emerged in two viable offspring through a fusion between sister chromatids. Such chromosome fusion is likely to initiate a breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle that can rapidly degenerate chromosomal structure. We suggest that the accessory chromosomes of Z. tritici originated mainly from ancient core chromosomes through a degeneration process that included BFB cycles, nondisjunction and mutational decay of duplicated sequences. The rapidly evolving accessory chromosome complement may serve as a cradle for adaptive evolution in this and other fungal pathogens. PMID:23785303

Croll, Daniel; Zala, Marcello; McDonald, Bruce A

2013-06-01

398

Breakage-fusion-bridge Cycles and Large Insertions Contribute to the Rapid Evolution of Accessory Chromosomes in a Fungal Pathogen  

PubMed Central

Chromosomal rearrangements are a major driver of eukaryotic genome evolution, affecting speciation, pathogenicity and cancer progression. Changes in chromosome structure are often initiated by mis-repair of double-strand breaks in the DNA. Mis-repair is particularly likely when telomeres are lost or when dispersed repeats misalign during crossing-over. Fungi carry highly polymorphic chromosomal complements showing substantial variation in chromosome length and number. The mechanisms driving chromosome polymorphism in fungi are poorly understood. We aimed to identify mechanisms of chromosomal rearrangements in the fungal wheat pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. We combined population genomic resequencing and chromosomal segment PCR assays with electrophoretic karyotyping and resequencing of parents and offspring from experimental crosses to show that this pathogen harbors a highly diverse complement of accessory chromosomes that exhibits strong global geographic differentiation in numbers and lengths of chromosomes. Homologous chromosomes carried highly differentiated gene contents due to numerous insertions and deletions. The largest accessory chromosome recently doubled in length through insertions totaling 380 kb. Based on comparative genomics, we identified the precise breakpoint locations of these insertions. Nondisjunction during meiosis led to chromosome losses in progeny of three different crosses. We showed that a new accessory chromosome emerged in two viable offspring through a fusion between sister chromatids. Such chromosome fusion is likely to initiate a breakage-fusion-bridge (BFB) cycle that can rapidly degenerate chromosomal structure. We suggest that the accessory chromosomes of Z. tritici originated mainly from ancient core chromosomes through a degeneration process that included BFB cycles, nondisjunction and mutational decay of duplicated sequences. The rapidly evolving accessory chromosome complement may serve as a cradle for adaptive evolution in this and other fungal pathogens.

Croll, Daniel; Zala, Marcello; McDonald, Bruce A.

2013-01-01

399

Fracture resistance of structurally compromised premolar roots restored with single and accessory glass or quartz fiber posts  

PubMed Central

Background: Glass and quartz fiber posts are used in restoration of structurally compromised roots. Accessory fiber posts are recently introduced to enhance the fiber post adaptation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of glass versus quartz accessory fiber posts. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, 40 mandibular premolar roots with similar dimension (radius of 3.5 ± 0.2 mm and length of 13 ± 0.5 mm) were selected and their root canals were flared until 1.5 mm of dentin wall remained. They were randomly assigned to four groups (n = 10) and restored as follows: Exacto glass fiber post (EX), Exacto glass fiber post + 2 Reforpin accessories (EXR), D. T. Light quartz fiber post (DT), and D. T. Light quartz fiber post + 2 Fibercone accessories (DTF). All posts were cemented with Duo-Link resin cement and the cores were built with the particulate filler composite. Following 1-week water storage, specimens were subjected to fracture loads in a universal testing machine. The maximum loads and failure modes were recorded and analyzed with the two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Fisher's exact tests (? = 0.05). Results: The mean fracture resistance values (N) were 402.8 (EX), 378.4 (EXR), 400.1 (DT), and 348.5 (DTF). Two-way ANOVA test showed neither reinforcing method (P = 0.094), nor post composition (P = 0.462) had statistically significant differences on fracture resistance of the structurally compromised premolar teeth. Fisher's exact test also demonstrated no statistically significant difference regarding two variables (P = 0.695). Core fracture was the most common failure mode (62.5%). Conclusion: Glass and quartz fiber posts with or without accessories restored the weakened premolar roots equally.

Sharafeddin, Farahnaz; Alavi, Ali Asghar; Zare, Samira

2014-01-01

400

Private Mineral Project - Part 1  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this semester-long private mineral project, students become experts on one mineral. They write a paper about their mineral and use key information about it to publish a web page. Information should include provenance, physical properties, composition, recent related literature, photos of samples, optical properties, x-ray pattern, crystallography, economic value, atomic structure, other closely related minerals, associated myths, and a complete list of references based on GSA format.

Perkins, Dexter

401

Raman Spectroscopy for Mineral Identification and Quantification for in situ Planetary Surface Analysis: A Point Count Method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quantification of mineral proportions in rocks and soils by Raman spectroscopy on a planetary surface is best done by taking many narrow-beam spectra from different locations on the rock or soil, with each spectrum yielding peaks from only one or two minerals. The proportion of each mineral in the rock or soil can then be determined from the fraction of the spectra that contain its peaks, in analogy with the standard petrographic technique of point counting. The method can also be used for nondestructive laboratory characterization of rock samples. Although Raman peaks for different minerals seldom overlap each other, it is impractical to obtain proportions of constituent minerals by Raman spectroscopy through analysis of peak intensities in a spectrum obtained by broad-beam sensing of a representative area of the target material. That is because the Raman signal strength produced by a mineral in a rock or soil is not related in a simple way through the Raman scattering cross section of that mineral to its proportion in the rock, and the signal-to-noise ratio of a Raman spectrum is poor when a sample is stimulated by a low-power laser beam of broad diameter. Results obtained by the Raman point-count method are demonstrated for a lunar thin section (14161,7062) and a rock fragment (15273,7039). Major minerals (plagioclase and pyroxene), minor minerals (cristobalite and K-feldspar), and accessory minerals (whitlockite, apatite, and baddeleyite) were easily identified. Identification of the rock types, KREEP basalt or melt rock, from the 100-location spectra was straightforward.

Haskin, Larry A.; Wang, Alian; Rockow, Kaylynn M.; Jolliff, Bradley L.; Korotev, Randy L.; Viskupic, Karen M.

1997-01-01

402

The mineral nature of asbestos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fibrous minerals are common in nature but asbestiform minerals are rare. The unique mineralogical characteristic common to all the asbestos minerals is their morphologic form (or habit of crystallization) as polyfilamentous fiber bundles. The individual fibrils within the bundles have a tendency to be very long with a narrow range of diameters and grow with their long fiber axis in

Malcolm Ross; Arthur M. Langer; Gordon L. Nord; Robert P. Nolan; Richard J. Lee; D. Van Orden; John Addison

2008-01-01

403

Mineral Properties -- Learning through Experience  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are each given a mineral and asked to locate all other students in the room with the same mineral (knowing there are a total of 5 different minerals). Once groups form, they need to decide what characteristics are similar for all their samples and ultimately report out to the whole class on their observations.

Wiese, Katryn

404

Electrical conductivity of mantle minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electrical conductivity of mantle minerals Deep electrical conductivity profiles can provide constraints on the thermal and chemical state of the mantle. Especially, electrical conductivity is very sensitive to small amount of hydrogen and iron contents in minerals. Accurate knowledge of electrical conductivity of mantle minerals is needed to constrain water and\\/or iron contents in the mantle as a function of

T. Yoshino; G. Manthilake; M. Nishi; T. Katsura

2006-01-01

405

Common Rock-Forming Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of images of the common rock-forming minerals. Along with the image, the physical and chemical properties of each mineral are listed. These include: metallic or nonmetallic luster, light or dark color, chemical formula, mineral group, cleavage, general color, hardness, and other characteristics.

Weiland, Tom

406

Minerals yearbook, 1992. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide mineral and materials industry during 1992 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Content of the individual Yearbook volumes follows: Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on advanced materials, nonrenewable organic materials, and nonferrous metals recycling also were added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989, 1990, and 1991 volumes, respectively. A new chapter on materials recycling has been initiated in this 1992 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

Not Available

1992-01-01

407

Minerals yearbook, 1991. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Mineral Yearbook discusses the performance of the worlwide minerals and materials industry during 1991 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume 1, Metals and Mineral, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on advanced materials and nonrenewable organic materials also were added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989 and 1990 volumes, respectively. A new chapter on nonferrous metals recycling has been initiated in this 1991 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

NONE

1991-12-31

408

Taxation of mineral resources  

SciTech Connect

There has been a substantial increase in recent years in the level of taxation imposed on mining firms by state and local governments. This increase can be attributed to three factors: (1) a heightened awareness that resources are limited in quantity; (2) environmental damage resulting from mining operations has brought demands for just compensations; and (3) significant price increases for some minerals have often been viewed by states as an opportunity to collect additional tax revenue. The broad aim of this book is to provide a comprehensive economic analysis of the effects of mining taxation on the extraction of mineral resources and to offer a set of recommendations for tax policy. The primary objective of this design is to minimize the distortionary incentives created by the taxation. From a practical standpoint, however, one must also recognize the degrees of difficulty in the administration of the various taxes. 90 references, 1 figure, 14 tables.

Conrad, R.F.; Hool, R.B.

1980-01-01

409

Vitamins and minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking vitamins and minerals to fight the common cold is popular in western countries and thus it is important to find out\\u000a whether or not they are effective. A large number of trials have found that regular vitamin C supplementation shortens the\\u000a duration of colds, and is probably beneficial when administered therapeutically starting soon after the onset of symptoms.\\u000a Zinc

Harri Hemilä

410

Mineralization by nanobacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanobacteria are the smallest cell-walled bacteria, only recently discovered in human and cow blood and in commercial cell culture serum. In this study, we identified with energy-dispersive x-ray microanalysis and chemical analysis that all growth phases of nanobacteria produce biogenic apatite on their cell envelope. Fourier transform IR spectroscopy revealed the mineral as carbonate apatite. Previous models for stone formation

E. Olavi Kajander; Michael Bjorklund; Neva Ciftcioglu

1998-01-01

411

Exploring Bone Mineral Density  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will explore two given websites to gather information on Bone Mineral Density and how it is measured. They will also learn about X-rays in general, how they work and their different uses, along with other imaging modalities. They will answer guiding questions as they explore the websites and take a short quiz after to test the knowledge they gained while reading the articles.

Vu Bioengineering Ret Program

412

Mineral Physics Activity Sets  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These assignment sets are designed for a 500-level course in mineral physics for geoscience majors. The activities/problem sets are derived from a course at the University of Washington. They include topics such as Earth models, lattices, x-rays, thermodynamics, elasticity, and lattice vibrations/pressure. Some of the activities elicit the use of MATLAB programming. Supporting materials and spreadsheets in addition to links to class notes and handouts are also provided.

Brown, Michael

413

Rare Earth Elemental Signatures in Fungal Fruiting Bodies as Probes into Mineral Breakdown Reactions in Post-glacial Landscapes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of rare earth element (REE) abundances in low temperature geochemistry and biogeochemistry has improved our understanding of the cycling of various micro- and macronutrients from the bedrock into terrestrial ecosystems. In many continental rocks, REEs are concentrated in accessory phases such as apatite and monazite. These phosphate mineral phases break down readily and may be especially important nutrient sources, particularly for P and Ca, in recently glaciated terrains. Several studies (e.g., 1-3) have suggested that the presence of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, due to the organic acids they secrete, may play an especially important role in this weathering process. A field-based experiment implementing mesh bags doped with specific mineral compositions confirmed that ECM fungal tissues do record the REE signatures of the minerals they break down (4). In an effort to understand the relative role different ECM fungi may play in mineral breakdown reactions, we have measured REE abundances in tissues of several ECM fruiting bodies. Our preliminary data include Russula, Suillus Americana, Leccinum and Lactarius ECM fungi from three postglacial landscapes. At a given site, the relative abundance of REEs varies between the different ECM fungi. Interestingly, we found distinctions in tissue La/Ce values at two of the sites. Leccinum, a deep rooter, shows much lower La/Ce than the companion Russula and Lactarius samples from the same site. Similarly Suillus tissues demonstrated lower La/Ce when compared to Russula growing nearby. Lower La/Ce is consistent with enhanced dissolution of the mineral apatite, a common accessory phase. While the influence of symbiotic host (beech vs. oak vs. pine) may play some role in the distinctive REE signatures recorded by the fruiting bodies, we attribute the observed differences to organic acid production and tendency to colonize in different horizons of the soil profile. (1) Wallander, Plant and Soil, 2000; (2) Blum et al., Nature, 2002; (3) Hoffland et al., Front Ecol Environ., 2003; (4) Hagerburg et al., Plant and Soil, 2003.

Bryce, J. G.; Hobbie, E. A.

2008-12-01

414

Enzymatic mineralization of silk scaffolds.  

PubMed

The present study focuses on the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) mediated formation of apatitic minerals on porous silk fibroin protein (SFP) scaffolds. Porous SFP scaffolds impregnated with different concentrations of ALP are homogeneously mineralized under physiological conditions. The mineral structure is apatite while the structures differ as a function of the ALP concentration. Cellular adhesion, proliferation, and colonization of osteogenic MC3T3 cells improve on the mineralized SFP scaffolds. These findings suggest a simple process to generate mineralized scaffolds that can be used to enhanced bone tissue engineering-related utility. PMID:24610728

Samal, Sangram K; Dash, Mamoni; Declercq, Heidi A; Gheysens, Tom; Dendooven, Jolien; Voort, Pascal Van Der; Cornelissen, Ria; Dubruel, Peter; Kaplan, David L

2014-07-01

415

Physical, chemical, and mineral properties of the Polonnaruwa stones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the physical, chemical and mineral properties of a series of stone fragments recovered from the North Central Province of Sri Lanka following a witnessed fireball event on 29 December 2012. The stones exhibit highly porous poikilitic textures comprising of isotropic silica-rich/plagioclase-like hosts. Inclusions range in size and shape from mm-sized to smaller subangular grains frequently more fractured than the surrounding host and include ilmenite, olivine (fayalitic), quartz and accessory zircon. Bulk mineral compositions include accessory cristobalite, hercynite, anorthite, wuestite, albite, anorthoclase and the high pressure olivine polymorph wadsleyite, suggesting previous endurance of a shock pressure of ~20 GPa. Further evidence of shock is confirmed by the conversion of all plagioclase to maskelynite. Here the infrared absorption spectra in the region 580 cm-1 to 380 cm-1 due to the Si-O-Si or Si-O-Al absorption band shows a partial shift in the peak at 380 cm-1 towards 480 cm-1 indicating an intermediate position between crystalline and amorphous phase. Host matrix chemical compositions vary between samples, but all are rich in SiO2. Silica-rich melts display a heterogeneous K-enrichment comparable to that reported in a range of non-terrestrial material from rare iron meteorites to LL chondritic breccias and Lunar granites. Bulk chemical compositions of plagioclase-like samples are comparable to reported data e.g. Miller Ranger 05035 (Lunar), while Si-rich samples accord well with mafic and felsic glasses reported in NWA 1664 (Howardite) as well as data for fusion crust present in a variety of meteoritic samples. Triple oxygen isotope results show ?17O = -0.335 with ?18O (‰ rel. SMOW) values of 17.816 +/- 0.100 and compare well with those of known CI chondrites and are within the range of CI-like (Meta-C) chondrites. Rare earth elemental abundances show a profound Europium anomaly of between 0.7 and 0.9 ppm while CI normalized REE patterns accord well with those of high potassium and high aluminium glasses found in lunar and 4 Vesta samples. Twoelement discrimination maps of FeO vs SiO2, FeO vs TiO2, FeO vs Al2O3 and FeO vs Na2O similarly match those of impact glasses present in lunar samples and remain within relatively close proximity of the KREEP component. Iridium levels of between 1-7ppm, approximately 104 times that of terrestrial crustal rocks, were detected in all samples.

Wallis, Jamie; Wickramasinghe, N. C.; Wallis, Daryl H.; Miyake, Nori; Wallis, M. K.; Hoover, Richard B.; Samaranayake, Anil; Wickramarathne, Keerthi; Oldroyd, Anthony

2013-09-01

416

[Ablation of the accessory bundle of Kent using radiofrequency current in a 17-year-old boy with type A Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome].  

PubMed

The authors describe the in Czechoslovakia so far not used therapeutic catheterization ablation method of the accessory atrioventricular pathway in patients with tachycardia with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. They performed successful ablation of the accessory bundle of Kent located by electrophysiological examination behind the left atrium and left ventricle in a 17-year-old boy with WPW Syndrome type A. They severed the accessory pathway by radiofrequency current using a catheter inserted from a retrograde approach into the left ventricle beneath the mitral valve. After ablation the boy suffers no longer from tachycardia, the ECG tracing in devoid of preventricular preexcitation, although he has no medicamentous treatment. PMID:1494873

Vítek, B; Suchánek, M; Vít, P; Jelínek, Z

1992-11-01

417

Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

1985-12-01

418

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page offers a simple illustrated guide to the three rock types- igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic; and the most common rock-forming mineral groups: quartz, plagioclase feldspars, potassium feldspars, micas, amphiboles, olivine, and calcite. The rock types include extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks, clastic, biologic, and chemical sedimentary rocks, and both foliated and non-foliated metamorphic rocks. A section is included on naming igneous rocks. The igneous rocks tuff and basalt are also discussed, as is sediment. Users are directed to related resources and may print out a simplified rock classification chart.

419

Cryosurgical ablation of right parietal and septal accessory atrioventricular connections without the use of extracorporeal circulation. A new surgical technique.  

PubMed

A new technique for definitive surgical treatment of the preexcitation syndrome without the use of extracorporeal circulation has been elaborated and clinically used in 25 patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Seventeen patients had right parietal accessory atrioventricular connections and eight had septal connections. In patients with right-sided connections the fat pad in the coronary sulcus was dissected with an ultrasonic scalpel. Ablation of accessory atrioventricular connections was obtained by applying local cryothermia. The evidence of preexcitation and arrhythmias disappeared in all patients. All patients recovered without surgical complications and there were no deaths. The described technique offers considerable advantages over previous surgical methods in selected patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. PMID:4021524

Bredikis, J; Bukauskas, F; Zebrauskas, R; Sakalauskas, J; Loschilov, V; Nevsky, V; Bredikis, A; Liakas, R

1985-08-01

420

Health Hazard Evaluation Report: HETA-2012-0025-3207, May 2014. Evaluation of Metals, Solvents, Formaldehyde, Ventilation, and Ergonomic Risks During the Manufacture of Electrical Cable Accessories.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Health Hazard Evaluation Program received a request from employees at a manufacturer of premolded cable accessories for underground power distribution systems. Employees were concerned about poor ventilation, ergonomic risks, and developing respirator...

J. Ramsey L. Tapp M. M. Methner

2014-01-01

421

Shock effects in certain rock-forming minerals.  

PubMed

Shock effects in quartz, plagioclase, biotite, amphibole, and some accessory minerals have been observed in rocks subjected to various degrees of meta morphism by meteoritic impact. The shock features described are unique; they are never observed in rocks from normal geologic environments. Such features are described: 1) Multiple sets of closely spaced planar microstructures occur in quartz, plagioclase, and other rock-forming minerals. Those characteristic of shock consist of alternating platelets, with a range of reduced mean index of re fraction and birefringence; they con sist of platelets that have been partially or completely transformed to an amor phous phase. 2) Quartz and plagioclase are selec tively and completely transformed to silica glass and plagioclase glass in the solid state, whereas the associated mafic minerals remained crystalline. There is no reaction between adjacent minerals. 3) High-pressure polymorphs occur, such as coesite or stishovite. Coesite oc Curs exclusively within silica glass; it has not been observed as a reaction or breakdown product. 4) Nickel-iron spherules occur in the fused glass or impactites. 5) The occurrence of droplets of ilmenite, rutile, pseudobrookite, and baddaleyite in impactites indicates a temperature of formation exceeding 150 degrees C. 6) Dense glass occurs, similar in composition to bulk rock, in which iron oxide, such as fine particles of mag netite, is completely dissolved. All these features are characteristic of a process involving the rapid rise and fall of extremiiely high pressures and temperatures. Minerals and mineral as semblages experiencing such high strain rates and sudden changes of pressures and temperatures react and change in dependently to the bulk chemical com position, under nonequilibrium condi tions. Many aspects of shock features re quire careful study. Kink bands in biotite and deformation lamellae in quartz occur in tectonically deformed rocks. These features should be studied with great care in order to determine whether reduction in mean index of refraction and total birefringence along the planar structures have resulted from vitrification or phase transition; their presence is additional evidence in favor of a shock mechanism. Vitreous phases or glasses formed by shock also have many unique prop erties; they have not been studied by such methods as thermoluminescence, electron spin resonance, low-angle x ray diffraction, or infrared spectroscopy. Shock-fused glass of high density needs to be studied in detail in carefully con trolled laboratory conditions. Experimental shock-wave studies of the equation-of-state of single minerals and mineral assemblages, under care fully controlled conditions, must pre cede estimates of peak pressures and peak and residual temperatures of shocked natural mineral assemblages. Detailed petrographic and mineralogic studies, however, have provided useful and definitive criteria for characteriza tion of impact events. Such data should be of paramount importance in the study of samples brought back from Moon. PMID:17741139

Chao, E C

1967-04-14

422

Comparative fine structural analysis of the male reproductive accessory glands in Bactrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata (Diptera, Tephritidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morphology and ultrastructure of the male reproductive accessory glands from Bactrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata were comparatively investigated. In both insects, there are two types of glands, mesoderm? and ectoderm?derived, which open in the ejaculatory duct. The mesoderm?derived glands are sac?like in B. oleae and very long tubules in C. capitata, whereas the ectodermic glands, generally branched finger?like structures,

Daniela Marchini; Giovanna Del Bene

2006-01-01

423

Accessory pathway ablation in a 6-year-old girl using remote magnetic navigation as an alternative to cryoablation.  

PubMed

A 6-year-old girl with evidence of a parahisian accessory pathway on a baseline electrocardiogram underwent successful catheter ablation using magnetic navigation. Magnetic remote controlled ablation eliminated the parahisian pathway with the first radiofrequency application. A second anterolaterally located concealed pathway was successfully ablated in the same session, resulting in exclusively atrioventricular nodal conduction bidirectionally (total fluoroscopy, 4 min; 25 ?Gy). PMID:23086190

Mantziari, Lilian; Rigby, Michael; Till, Janice; Ernst, Sabine

2013-03-01

424

Suppression subtractive hybridization analysis reveals expression of conserved and novel genes in male accessory glands of the ant Leptothorax gredleri  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: During mating, insect males eject accessory gland proteins (Acps) into the female genital tract. These substances are known to affect female post-mating behavior and physiology. In addition, they may harm the female, e.g., in reducing its lifespan. This is interpreted as a consequence of sexual antagonistic co-evolution. Whereas sexual conflict abounds in non-social species, the peculiar life history of

Angelika Oppelt; Fernanda C Humann; Marion Fuessl; Sergio V Azevedo; David S Marco Antonio; Jürgen Heinze; Klaus Hartfelder

2010-01-01

425

Value of the resting 12 lead electrocardiogram and vectorcardiogram for locating the accessory pathway in patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resting 12 lead electrocardiogram and vectocardiogram were reviewed in 47 patients with the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (a) who had pre-excitation on the resting 12 lead electrocardiogram, (b) who had a single anterograde conducting accessory pathway assessed and located during preoperative electrophysiological study and during epicardial mapping at operation, and (c) in whom surgical division of the accessory pathway resulted in

R Lemery; S C Hammill; D L Wood; G K Danielson; H T Mankin; M J Osborn; B J Gersh; D R Holmes

1987-01-01

426

The Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein Exists as a Homodimer and Is Essential for the Function of the Melanocortin 2 Receptor in the Mouse Y1 Cell Line  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ACTH receptor (melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R)) gene produces a functional receptor only when transfected into cells of adrenocortical origin, implying that it may require an adrenal-specific accessory factor. Recently we showed that the MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) is essential for the cell surface expression of the MC2R in such models. Using RNA interference (RNAi) technology, we have further explored

Sadani N. Cooray; Isabel Almiro Do Vale; Kit-Yi Leung; Tom R. Webb; Paul Chapple; Michaela Egertova; Michael E. Cheetham; Maurice R. Elphick; Adrian J. L. Clark

2010-01-01

427

Presence of accessory left atrial appendage/diverticula in a population with atrial fibrillation compared with those in sinus rhythm: a retrospective review.  

PubMed

Accessory left atrial appendages and atrial diverticula have an incidence of 10-27%. Their association with atrial fibrillation needs to be confirmed. This study determined the prevalence, number, size, location and morphology of accessory left atrial appendages/atrial diverticula in patients with atrial fibrillation compared with those in sinus rhythm. A retrospective analysis of 47 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent 320 multidetector Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) was performed. A random group of 47 CCTA patients with sinus rhythm formed the control group. The presence, number, size, location and morphology of accessory left atrial appendages and atrial diverticula in each group were analysed. Twenty one patients had a total of 25 accessory left atrial appendages and atrial diverticula in the atrial fibrillation group and 22 patients had a total of 24 accessory left atrial appendages and atrial diverticula in the sinus rhythm group. Twenty-one atrial diverticula were identified in 19 patients in the atrial fibrillation group and 19 atrial diverticula in 17 patients in the sinus rhythm group. The mean length and width of accessory left atrial appendage was 6.9 and 4.7 mm, respectively in the atrial fibrillation group and 12 and 4.6 mm, respectively, in the sinus rhythm group, P = ns (not significant). The mean length and width of atrial diverticulum was 4.7 and 3.6 mm, respectively in the atrial fibrillation group and 6.2 and 5 mm, respectively in the sinus rhythm group (P = ns). Eighty-four % and 96% of the accessory left atrial appendages/atrial diverticula in the atrial fibrillation and sinus rhythm groups were located along the right anterosuperior left atrial wall. Accessory left atrial appendages and atrial diverticula are common structures with similar prevalence in patients with atrial fibrillation and sinus rhythm. PMID:21331611

Troupis, John; Crossett, Marcus; Scneider-Kolsky, Michal; Nandurkar, Dee

2012-02-01

428

Peptic ulcer bleeding: accessory risk factors and interactions with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs  

PubMed Central

AIMS—To determine risk factors for peptic ulcer bleeding other than non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).? Methods—Data on possible antecedent risk factors obtained in a large case control study of 1121 patients admitted to hospitals in Glasgow, Newcastle, Nottingham, Oxford, and Portsmouth with bleeding peptic ulcers were compared with the same information obtained in 989 population controls. Data were analysed by logistic regression with the calculation of odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).?RESULTS—From a logistic regression model, oral anticoagulants (OR 7.8; 95% CI 2.8-21.5), previous peptic ulcer (3.8; 2.6-4.9), treatment for heart failure (5.9; 2.3-13.1), oral corticosteroid use (2.7; 1.3-4.5), treatment for diabetes (3.1; 1.2-4.3), and current smoking (1.6; 1.2-2.0) were all independent risk factors. No association was found with use of calcium channel antagonists. Odds ratios for concomitant NSAID usage were multiplicative with the exception of current smoking.?CONCLUSIONS—Some 45% of admissions for peptic ulcer bleeding in England and Wales in those aged 60 or more are calculated to be attributable to, or associated with, these accessory risk factors, which, together with those associated with aspirin or other NSAID use will account for over 80% of predisposing factors to ulcer bleeding.???Keywords: peptic ulcer; risk factors; anti-inflammatory drugs

Weil, J; Langman, M; Wainwright, P; Lawson, D; Rawlins, M; Logan, R; Brown, T; Vessey, M; Murphy, M; Colin-Jones, D

2000-01-01

429

Molecular population genetics of male accessory gland proteins in the Drosophila simulans complex.  

PubMed Central

Accessory gland proteins are a major component of Drosophila seminal fluid. These proteins have a variety of functions and may be subject to sexual selection and/or antagonistic evolution between the sexes. Most population genetic data from these proteins are from D. melanogaster and D. simulans. Here, we extend the population genetic analysis of Acp genes to the other simulans complex species, D. mauritiana and D. sechellia. We sequenced population samples of seven Acp's from D. mauritiana, D. sechellia, and D. simulans. We investigated the population genetics of these genes on individual simulans complex lineages and compared Acp polymorphism and divergence to polymorphism and divergence from a set of non-Acp loci in the same species. Polymorphism and divergence data from the simulans complex revealed little evidence for adaptive protein evolution at individual loci. However, we observed a dramatically inflated index of dispersion for amino acid substitutions in the simulans complex at Acp genes, but not at non-Acp genes. This pattern of episodic bursts of protein evolution in Acp's provides the strongest evidence to date that the population genetic mechanisms driving Acp divergence are different from the mechanisms driving evolution at most Drosophila genes.

Kern, Andrew D; Jones, Corbin D; Begun, David J

2004-01-01

430

The gametic central cell of Arabidopsis determines the lifespan of adjacent accessory cells  

PubMed Central

Plant germ cells develop in specialized haploid structures, termed gametophytes. The female gametophyte patterns of flowering plants are diverse, with often unknown adaptive value. Here we present the Arabidopsis fiona mutant, which forms a female gametophyte that is structurally and functionally reminiscent of a phylogenetic distant female gametophyte. The respective changes include a modified reproductive behavior of one of the female germ cells (central cell) and an extended lifespan of three adjacent accessory cells (antipodals). FIONA encodes the cysteinyl t-RNA synthetase SYCO ARATH (SYCO), which is expressed and required in the central cell but not in the antipodals, suggesting that antipodal lifespan is controlled by the adjacent gamete. SYCO localizes to the mitochondria, and ultrastructural analysis of mutant central cells revealed that the protein is necessary for mitochondrial cristae integrity. Furthermore, a dominant ATP/ADP translocator caused mitochondrial cristae degeneration and extended antipodal lifespan when expressed in the central cell of wild-type plants. Notably, this construct did not affect antipodal lifespan when expressed in antipodals. Our results thus identify an unexpected noncell autonomous role for mitochondria in the regulation of cellular lifespan and provide a basis for the coordinated development of gametic and nongametic cells.

Kagi, Christina; Baumann, Nadine; Nielsen, Nicola; Stierhof, York-Dieter; Gross-Hardt, Rita

2010-01-01

431

Catheter ablation of accessory pathways: technique and results in 248 patients.  

PubMed

Two hundred and forty-eight patients with refractory arrhythmias related to an accessory pathway underwent catheter ablation. Cathodal shocks (160 to 240 joules) were delivered through the distal electrode of a standard catheter (usually a quadripolar electrode catheter with 5-mm interelectrode distances). A paddle electrode positioned opposite to the catheter served as the anode. Ablation of 24 right anteroseptal, 16 right parietal, 86 posteroseptal, 120 left parietal and four Mahaim pathways was clinically successful in eliminating symptomatic tachycardia in 236 patients (greater than 96%) over a follow-up of 3 to 64 months. There was no procedure-related death but two patients developed a ventricular fibrillation at the fifth and seventh day, respectively. The latter led to a sudden death since this side effect occurred after discharge. There were no instances of systemic embolus but one pericardial effusion required subxiphoid needle drainage 6 weeks after the procedure. Other complications included: AV block in four patients with posteroseptal and in one with a right anterior septal pathway. In conclusion, a successful clinical outcome may be achieved in most patients. Catheter ablation is an important alternative to cardiac surgery and in our opinion represents first-line treatment when therapy is required. PMID:1704513

Warin, J F; Haissaguerre, M; D'Ivernois, C; Le Métayer, P; Montserrat, P

1990-12-01

432

Efficient transduction of myeloid cells by a lentiviral vector that packages the Vpx accessory protein  

PubMed Central

Lentiviral vectors are widely used for the stable expression of genes and shRNA-mediated knockdown and are currently under development for clinical use in gene therapy. Pseudotyping of the vectors with VSV-G allows them to infect a wide range of cell-types. However, myeloid cells, such as dendritic cells and macrophages are relatively refractory to lentiviral vector transduction as a result of the myeloid-specific restriction factor, SAMHD1. SIVmac/HIV-2 and related viruses relieve the SAMHD1-mediated restriction by encoding Vpx, a virion-packaged accessory protein that induces the degradation of SAMHD1 upon infection. HIV-1 does not encode Vpx and cannot package the protein. We report the development of an HIV-1-based lentiviral vector in which the Vpx packaging motif has been placed in the p6 region of the Gag/Pol expression vector that is used to generate the lentiviral vector virions. The virions package Vpx in high copy number and infect myeloid cells with a two-log increase in titer. Transduction of dentritic cells with an shRNA against transportin-3 resulted in >90% knock-down of the encoding mRNA. The system can be applied to any HIV-based lentiviral vector and is useful for laboratory and clinical applications where the efficient transduction of myeloid cells is required.

Bobadilla, Susanne; Sunseri, Nicole; Landau, Nathaniel R.

2014-01-01

433

Comparative genomics of the core and accessory genomes of 48 Sinorhizobium strains comprising five genospecies  

PubMed Central

Background The sinorhizobia are amongst the most well studied members of nitrogen-fixing root nodule bacteria and contribute substantial amounts of fixed nitrogen to the biosphere. While the alfalfa symbiont Sinorhizobium meliloti RM 1021 was one of the first rhizobial strains to be completely sequenced, little information is available about the genomes of this large and diverse species group. Results Here we report the draft assembly and annotation of 48 strains of Sinorhizobium comprising five genospecies. While S. meliloti and S. medicae are taxonomically related, they displayed different nodulation patterns on diverse Medicago host plants, and have differences in gene content, including those involved in conjugation and organic sulfur utilization. Genes involved in Nod factor and polysaccharide biosynthesis, denitrification and type III, IV, and VI secretion systems also vary within and between species. Symbiotic phenotyping and mutational analyses indicated that some type IV secretion genes are symbiosis-related and involved in nitrogen fixation efficiency. Moreover, there is a correlation between the presence of type IV secretion systems, heme biosynthesis and microaerobic denitrification genes, and symbiotic efficiency. Conclusions Our results suggest that each Sinorhizobium strain uses a slightly different strategy to obtain maximum compatibility with a host plant. This large genome data set provides useful information to better understand the functional features of five Sinorhizobium species, especially compatibility in legume-Sinorhizobium interactions. The diversity of genes present in the accessory genomes of members of this genus indicates that each bacterium has adopted slightly different strategies to interact with diverse plant genera and soil environments.

2013-01-01

434

Electrocardiographic identification of mid-septal accessory pathways in close proximity to the atrioventricular conduction system.  

PubMed

In order to identify ECG characteristics of overt mid-septal accessory pathways (APs) predictive of close proximity to the AV conduction system we analyzed data from patients who underwent successful RF catheter ablation of a mid-septal AP. Mean patient age was 31 +/- 16 years, and 13 were male. The 40 degrees right anterior oblique view was used to divide the mid-septal area into 3 zones: 1 (anterior portion); 2 (intermediate); and 3 (posterior portion). The 12-lead ECG was analyzed with regard to delta wave polarity and R/S transition in the precordial leads. The findings from patients ablated at zone 3 were compared to those at zones 1 and 2. All patients had a positive delta wave in the leads I, II, aVL, and negative delta wave in the leads III and aVR. The R/S transition occurred in lead V2 in 80% of patients. The delta wave in lead aVF was the only ECG characteristic that correlated with the AP ablation zone. Six of 8 patients ablated at zone 3 had a negative delta wave in lead aVF while 6 out of 7 patients ablated at zone 1 or 2 had a positive or isoelectric delta wave in lead aVF (P = 0.03). A positive or isoelectric delta wave in lead aVF identifies mid-septal AP in close proximity to the AV conduction system. PMID:8945082

Lorga Filho, A; Sosa, E; Scanavacca, M; d'Avila, A; Kuniyoshi, R; de Horta, J; Fenelon, G; Brugada, P

1996-11-01

435

Newborn interneurons in the accessory olfactory bulb promote mate recognition in female mice.  

PubMed

In the olfactory bulb of adult rodents, local interneurons are constantly replaced by immature precursors derived from the subventricular zone. Whether any olfactory sensory process specifically relies on this cell renewal remains largely unclear. By using the well known model of mating-induced imprinting to avoid pregnancy block, which requires accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) function, we demonstrate that this olfactory memory formation critically depends on the presence of newborn granule neurons in this brain region. We show that, in adult female mice, exposure to the male urine compounds involved in mate recognition increases the number of new granule cells surviving in the AOB. This process is modulated by male signals sensed through the vomeronasal organ and, in turn, changes the activity of the downstream amygdaloid and hypothalamic nuclei involved in the pregnancy block response. Chemical depletion of newly generated bulbar interneurons causes strong impairment in mate recognition, thus resulting in a high pregnancy failure rate to familiar mating male odors. Taken together, our results indicate that adult neurogenesis is essential for specific brain functions such as persistent odor learning and mate recognition. PMID:21994486

Oboti, Livio; Schellino, Roberta; Giachino, Claudio; Chamero, Pablo; Pyrski, Martina; Leinders-Zufall, Trese; Zufall, Frank; Fasolo, Aldo; Peretto, Paolo

2011-01-01

436

Implementation of a 3-D stereovision system for the production of customized orthotic accessories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A significant proportion of the disabled population has seating requirements that simply are not addressed adequately by the available range of standard commercial wheelchair products. Attempts at addressing the seating needs of this group typically have been carried out in major healthcare facilities. The usual process has been to make major modifications and/or additions to standard wheelchair componentry. Generally, each client would require a unique set of modifications to the wheelchair, in essence resulting in a seat system custom-made for the individual. Such modification procedures are expensive and time consuming and, depending on complexity, can typically result in waiting periods of up to one year or more before delivery of the finished seating product. In an attempt to reduce cost and delivery time of such seating products, about six years ago Otto Bock Orthopedic Industries of Canada Ltd. introduced the Modular Orthotic Seating System (MOSS). The system consists of extruded aluminum seat and back frames designed to accept a suite of specifically contoured, molded polyurethane seat and back cushions, and a range of accessories and supportive devices. The frames are subsequently mounted to a wheelbase. The frame system comes in a variety of widths and features variable seat depth, back height, and seat-to-back angle. With these stock components the MOSS system provides a cost- and time-effective way of delivering a high degree of customized fit for the moderately to severely disabled client.

Daher, Reinhard; McAdam, Wylie; Pizey, Gordon

1991-09-01

437

Dual origins of the mammalian accessory olfactory bulb revealed by an evolutionarily conserved migratory stream.  

PubMed

The accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) is a critical olfactory structure that has been implicated in mediating social behavior. It receives input from the vomeronasal organ and projects to targets in the amygdaloid complex. Its anterior and posterior components (aAOB and pAOB) display molecular, connectional and functional segregation in processing reproductive and defensive and aggressive behaviors, respectively. We observed a dichotomy in the development of the projection neurons of the aAOB and pAOB in mice. We found that they had distinct sites of origin and that different regulatory molecules were required for their specification and migration. aAOB neurons arose locally in the rostral telencephalon, similar to main olfactory bulb neurons. In contrast, pAOB neurons arose caudally, from the neuroepithelium of the diencephalic-telencephalic boundary, from which they migrated rostrally to reach their destination. This unusual origin and migration is conserved in Xenopus, providing an insight into the origin of a key component of this system in evolution. PMID:23292680

Huilgol, Dhananjay; Udin, Susan; Shimogori, Tomomi; Saha, Bhaskar; Roy, Achira; Aizawa, Shinichi; Hevner, Robert F; Meyer, Gundela; Ohshima, Toshio; Pleasure, Samuel J; Zhao, Yangu; Tole, Shubha

2013-02-01

438

Social cues of sperm competition influence accessory reproductive gland size in a promiscuous mammal  

PubMed Central

Theory predicts that males should increase overall investment in ejaculate expenditure with increasing levels of sperm competition. Since ejaculate production is costly, we may expect males to tailor their reproductive investment according to anticipated levels of sperm competition. Here, we investigate plasticity in ejaculate investment in response to cues of population average levels of sperm competition in a promiscuous mammal, the bank vole (Myodes glareolus). We manipulated the social experience of experimental subjects during sexual development via differential exposure to the odour of rival males, to simulate conditions associated with relatively high or low average levels of sperm competition. Males exposed to a high level of competition developed larger major accessory reproductive glands (seminal vesicles) than those that experienced a low level of competition, suggesting that an increased investment in the production of copulatory plugs and/or mating rate may be beneficial at relatively high sperm competition levels. However, investment in sperm production, testis size and sperm motility were not altered according to social experience. Our findings emphasize the importance of non-sperm components of the ejaculate in mammalian postcopulatory sexual selection, and add to the growing evidence linking plasticity in reproductive traits to social cues of sperm competition.

Lemaitre, Jean-Francois; Ramm, Steven A.; Hurst, Jane L.; Stockley, Paula

2011-01-01

439

Transcriptional activation of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein by PPAR? in adipocytes.  

PubMed

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in rodents decreases lipid accumulation and body weight. Melanocortin receptor 2 (MC2R) and MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) are specific receptors for ACTH in adipocytes. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) plays a role in the transcriptional regulation of metabolic pathways such as adipogenesis and ?-oxidation of fatty acids. In this study we investigated the transcriptional regulation of MRAP expression during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Stimulation with ACTH affected lipolysis in murine mature adipocytes via MRAP. Putative peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) was identified in the MRAP promoter region. In chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter assays, we observed binding of PPAR? to the MRAP promoter. The mutagenesis experiments showed that the -1209/-1198 region of the MRAP promoter could function as a PPRE site. These results suggest that PPAR? is required for transcriptional activation of the MRAP gene during adipogenesis, which contributes to understanding of the molecular mechanism of lipolysis in adipocytes. PMID:23994134

Kim, Nam Soo; Kim, Yoon-Jin; Cho, Si Young; Lee, Tae Ryong; Kim, Sang Hoon

2013-09-27

440

Mlh2 Is an Accessory Factor for DNA Mismatch Repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

PubMed Central

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the essential mismatch repair (MMR) endonuclease Mlh1-Pms1 forms foci promoted by Msh2-Msh6 or Msh2-Msh3 in response to mispaired bases. Here we analyzed the Mlh1-Mlh2 complex, whose role in MMR has been unclear. Mlh1-Mlh2 formed foci that often colocalized with and had a longer lifetime than Mlh1-Pms1 foci. Mlh1-Mlh2 foci were similar to Mlh1-Pms1 foci: they required mispair recognition by Msh2-Msh6, increased in response to increased mispairs or downstream defects in MMR, and formed after induction of DNA damage by phleomycin but not double-stranded breaks by I-SceI. Mlh1-Mlh2 could be recruited to mispair-containing DNA in vitro by either Msh2-Msh6 or Msh2-Msh3. Deletion of MLH2 caused a synergistic increase in mutation rate in combination with deletion of MSH6 or reduced expression of Pms1. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the S. cerevisiae Mlh2 protein and the mammalian PMS1 protein are homologs. These results support a hypothesis that Mlh1-Mlh2 is a non-essential accessory factor that acts to enhance the activity of Mlh1-Pms1.

Srivatsan, Anjana; Bowen, Nikki; Gries, Kerstin; Desai, Arshad; Putnam, Christopher D.; Kolodner, Richard D.

2014-01-01

441

Migration of CD11b+ Accessory Cells During Murine Lung Regeneration  

PubMed Central

In many mammalian species, the removal of one lung leads to growth of the remaining lung to near-baseline levels. In studying post-pneumonectomy mice, we used morphometric measures to demonstrate neoalveolarization within 21 days of pneumonectomy. Of note, the detailed histology during this period demonstrated no significant pulmonary inflammation. To identify occult blood-borne cells, we used a parabiotic model (wild-type/GFP) of post-pneumonectomy lung growth. Flow cytometry of post-pneumonectomy lung digests demonstrated a rapid increase in the number of cells expressing the hematopoietic membrane molecule CD11b; 64.5% of the entire GFP+ population were CD11b+. Fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that the CD11b+ peripheral blood cells migrated into both the interstitial tissue and alveolar airspace compartments. Pneumonectomy in mice deficient in CD11b (CD18-/- mutants) demonstrated near-absent leukocyte migration into the airspace compartment (p<.001) and impaired lung growth as demonstrated by lung weight (p<.05) and lung volume (p<.05). Transcriptional activity of the partitioned CD11b+ cells demonstrated significantly increased transcription of Angpt1, Il1b, and Mmp8, Mmp9, Ncam1, Sele, Sell, Selp in the alveolar airspace and Adamts2, Ecm1, Egf, Mmp7, Npr1, Tgfb2 in the interstitial tissue (>4-fold regulation; p<.05). These data suggest that blood-borne CD11b+ cells represent a population of accessory cells contributing to post-pneumonectomy lung growth.

Chamoto, Kenji; Gibney, Barry C.; Lee, Grace S.; Ackermann, Maximilian; Konerding, Moritz A.; Tsuda, Akira; Mentzer, Steven J.

2013-01-01

442

Structural And Biological Analysis of the Metal Sites of Escherichia Coli Hydrogenase Accessory Protein  

SciTech Connect

The [NiFe]-hydrogenase protein produced by many types of bacteria contains a dinuclear metal center that is required for enzymatic activity. Assembly of this metal cluster involves the coordinated activity of a number of helper proteins including the accessory protein, HypB, which is necessary for Ni(II) incorporation into the hydrogenase proteins. The HypB protein from Escherichia coli has two metal-binding sites, a high-affinity Ni(II) site that includes ligands from the N-terminal domain and a low-affinity metal site located within the C-terminal GTPase domain. In order to determine the physiological relevance of the two separate sites, hydrogenase production was assessed in strains of E. coli expressing wild-type HypB, the isolated GTPase domain, or site-directed mutants of metal-binding residues. These experiments demonstrate that both metal sites of HypB are critical for the maturation of the hydrogenase enzymes in E. coli. X-ray absorption spectroscopy of purified proteins was used to examine the detailed coordination spheres of each nickel-loaded site. In addition, because the low-affinity metal site has a stronger preference for Zn(II) than Ni(II), the ligands and geometry for this metal were also resolved. The results from these experiments are discussed in the context of a mechanism for Ni(II) insertion into the hydrogenase protein.

Dias, A.V.; Mulvihill, C.M.; Leach, M.R.; Pickering, I.J.; George, G.N.; Zamble, D.B.

2009-05-12

443

Mlh2 Is an Accessory Factor for DNA Mismatch Repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  

PubMed

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the essential mismatch repair (MMR) endonuclease Mlh1-Pms1 forms foci promoted by Msh2-Msh6 or Msh2-Msh3 in response to mispaired bases. Here we analyzed the Mlh1-Mlh2 complex, whose role in MMR has been unclear. Mlh1-Mlh2 formed foci that often colocalized with and had a longer lifetime than Mlh1-Pms1 foci. Mlh1-Mlh2 foci were similar to Mlh1-Pms1 foci: they required mispair recognition by Msh2-Msh6, increased in response to increased mispairs or downstream defects in MMR, and formed after induction of DNA damage by phleomycin but not double-stranded breaks by I-SceI. Mlh1-Mlh2 could be recruited to mispair-containing DNA in vitro by either Msh2-Msh6 or Msh2-Msh3. Deletion of MLH2 caused a synergistic increase in mutation rate in combination with deletion of MSH6 or reduced expression of Pms1. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that the S. cerevisiae Mlh2 protein and the mammalian PMS1 protein are homologs. These results support a hypothesis that Mlh1-Mlh2 is a non-essential accessory factor that acts to enhance the activity of Mlh1-Pms1. PMID:24811092

Campbell, Christopher S; Hombauer, Hans; Srivatsan, Anjana; Bowen, Nikki; Gries, Kerstin; Desai, Arshad; Putnam, Christopher D; Kolodner, Richard D

2014-05-01

444

An accessory protein required for anchoring and assembly of amyloid fibres in B. subtilis biofilms.  

PubMed

Cells within Bacillus subtilis biofilms are held in place by an extracellular matrix that contains cell-anchored amyloid fibres, composed of the amyloidogenic protein TasA. As biofilms age they disassemble because the cells release the amyloid fibres. This release appears to be the consequence of incorporation of D-tyrosine, D-leucine, D-tryptophan and D-methionine into the cell wall. Here, we characterize the in vivo roles of an accessory protein TapA (TasA anchoring/assembly protein; previously YqxM) that serves both to anchor the fibres to the cell wall and to assemble TasA into fibres. TapA is found in discrete foci in the cell envelope and these foci disappear when cells are treated with a mixture of D-amino acids. Purified cell wall sacculi retain a functional form of this anchoring protein such that purified fibres can be anchored to the sacculi in vitro. In addition, we show that TapA is essential for the proper assembly of the fibres. Its absence results in a dramatic reduction in TasA levels and what little TasA is left produces only thin fibres that are not anchored to the cell. PMID:21477127

Romero, Diego; Vlamakis, Hera; Losick, Richard; Kolter, Roberto

2011-06-01

445

Male accessory gland substances from Aedes albopictus affect the locomotor activity of Aedes aegypti females  

PubMed Central

Dengue is one of the world’s most important mosquito-borne diseases and is usually transmitted by one of two vector species: Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus . These two diurnal mosquitoes are frequently found coexisting in similar habitats, enabling interactions between adults, such as cross-mating. The objective of this study was to assess cross-mating between Ae. aegypti females and Ae. albopictus males under artificial conditions and evaluate the locomotor activity of Ae. aegypti virgin females injected with male accessory gland (MAG) homogenates to infer the physiological and behavioural responses to interspecific mating. After seven days of exposure, 3.3-16% of Ae. aegypti females mated with Ae. albopictus males. Virgin Ae. aegypti females injected with conspecific and heterospecific MAGs showed a general decrease in locomotor activity compared to controls and were refractory to mating with conspecific males. The reduction in diurnal locomotor activity induced by injections of conspecific or heterospecific MAGs is consistent with regulation of female reproductive activities by male substances, which are capable of sterilising female Ae. aegypti through satyrisation by Ae. albopictus .

Lima-Camara, Tamara Nunes; Codeco, Claudia Torres; Honorio, Nildimar Alves; Bruno, Rafaela Vieira; Peixoto, Alexandre Afranio; Lounibos, Leon Philip

2013-01-01

446

Examination of the accessory tendons of extensor hallucis longus muscle in fetuses.  

PubMed

There are various data about the incidence of accessory tendons (AT) of extensor hallucis longus (EHL) muscle; however, their function is unknown. This study aimed to determine the incidence and morphometric features of the AT of EHL muscle in fetuses in order to provide more information to discuss its possible function. Forty-five fetuses (26 female and 19 male) were used in this study. Fetuses were grouped as Group A (16-21 weeks), Group B (22-27 weeks), and Group C (28-34 weeks) according to their age. In 23 (51%) out of 45 fetuses, there were AT. These were bilateral in 15 fetuses (65%) and unilateral in eight fetuses (35%). Fifty-two percent of the fetuses in group A, 43% in group B, and 67% in group C had AT. AT were observed in 14 female (54%) and 9 male (47%) fetuses. In all cases, the AT were always diverging to the medial side of the main EHL tendons and attached to the metatarsophalangeal joint capsule distal to the joint space. Significant correlations were observed in this study between EHL and AT widths as well as between EHL width and EHL-AT distance on both sides. The present study is the first to provide morphometric data about the AT of EHL muscle in fetuses which will be of use in understanding their function, particularly in biomechanics of the great toe. PMID:18792962

Aktekin, Mustafa; Uzmansel, Deniz; Kurtoglu, Zeliha; Sanli, Emine Cigdem; Kara, Alev Bobus

2008-10-01

447

Accessory Gene Regulator (agr) Locus in Geographically Diverse Staphylococcus aureus Isolates with Reduced Susceptibility to Vancomycin  

PubMed Central

The majority of infections with glycopeptide intermediate-level resistant Staphylococcus aureus (GISA) originate in biomedical devices, suggesting a possible increased ability of these strains to produce biofilm. Loss of function of the accessory gene regulator (agr) of S. aureus has been suggested to confer an enhanced ability to bind to polystyrene. We studied agr in GISA, hetero-GISA, and related glycopeptide-susceptible S. aureus isolates. All GISA strains from diverse geographic origins belong to agr group II. All GISA strains were defective in agr function, as demonstrated by their inability to produce delta-hemolysin. Hetero-GISA isolate A5940 demonstrated a nonsense mutation in agrA that was not present in a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis-indistinguishable vancomycin-susceptible isolate from the same patient. Various other agr point mutations were noted in several clinical GISA and hetero-GISA isolates. A laboratory-generated agr-null strain demonstrated a small but reproducible increase in vancomycin heteroresistance after growth in vitro in subinhibitory concentrations of vancomycin. This was not seen in the isogenic agr group II parent strain in which agr was intact. The in vitro bactericidal activity of vancomycin was attenuated in the agr-null strain compared to the parent strain. These findings imply that compromised agr function is advantageous to clinical isolates of S. aureus toward the development of vancomycin heteroresistance, perhaps through the development of vancomycin tolerance.

Sakoulas, George; Eliopoulos, George M.; Moellering, Robert C.; Wennersten, Christine; Venkataraman, Lata; Novick, Richard P.; Gold, Howard S.

2002-01-01

448

Interaction of CD46 with measles virus: accessory role of CD46 short consensus repeat IV.  

PubMed

To define further the accessory role(s) of the CD46 (membrane cofactor protein) short consensus repeat (SCR) III and IV domains in the interaction of CD46 with measles virus (MV), chimeric proteins were generated by substituting domains from the structurally related protein decay accelerating factor (DAF, CD55): x3DAF (exchange of CD46 SCR III) and x4DAF (exchange of SCR IV). Transfected CHO cell lines that stably expressed these chimeric proteins were compared for MV binding and infection. Compared with wild-type CD46 (I-II-III-IV), a significant decrease in MV binding was observed with x4DAF. Despite this limited binding, these cells were still capable of supporting virus entry. In a quantitative fusion assay, no significant differences in fusion were observed as a result of the exchange of either CD46 SCR III or IV. However, the down-regulation of cell surface CD46 typically observed following MV infection was abolished with x4DAF, as was the redistribution of CD46 on the cell surface. Thus, CD46 SCR IV appears to be required for optimal virus binding and receptor down-regulation, although importantly, in spite of these functional limitations, x4DAF can still be used for MV entry. PMID:10725416

Christiansen, D; Loveland, B; Kyriakou, P; Lanteri, M; Escoffier, C; Gerlier, D

2000-04-01

449

Epithelioid Myoepithelioma of the Accessory Parotid Gland: Pathological and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings  

PubMed Central

Tumors of the accessory parotid gland (APG) are rare, and pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign APG tumor subtype. Myoepithelioma of the APG is much rarer than PA, and to date, only 5 cases have been sporadically reported in the English literature. We describe the clinicopathological and MRI findings of an epithelioid myoepithelioma of the APG that was treated in our hospital. The patient's only clinical symptom was a slow-growing and painless mid-cheek mass. The tumor was suspected to be PA before surgery based on the following MRI findings: (1) a well-circumscribed and lobulated contour, (2) isointensity and hyperintensity relative to the muscle on T1- and T2-weighted images (WIs), respectively, (3) good enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-WIs, (4) peripheral hypointensity on T2-WIs, and (5) a gradual time-signal intensity curve enhancement pattern on gadolinium-enhanced dynamic MRI. The tumor was completely resected via a standard parotidectomy approach, and the postoperative pathological examination of the tumor, including immunohistochemistry, confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid myoepithelioma. As it is hardly possible to distinguish myoepithelioma from PA and low-grade malignant tumors preoperatively, a pathological examination using frozen sections is helpful for surgical strategy-related decisions.

Iguchi, Hiroyoshi; Yamada, Kei; Yamane, Hideo; Hashimoto, Shigeo

2014-01-01

450

Transcriptional activation of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein by PPAR? in adipocytes  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: •MRAP enhanced HSL expression. •ACTH-mediated MRAP reduced glycerol release. •PPAR? induced MRAP expression. •PPAR? bound to the MRAP promoter. -- Abstract: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) in rodents decreases lipid accumulation and body weight. Melanocortin receptor 2 (MC2R) and MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) are specific receptors for ACTH in adipocytes. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor ? (PPAR?) plays a role in the transcriptional regulation of metabolic pathways such as adipogenesis and ?-oxidation of fatty acids. In this study we investigated the transcriptional regulation of MRAP expression during differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. Stimulation with ACTH affected lipolysis in murine mature adipocytes via MRAP. Putative peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE) was identified in the MRAP promoter region. In chromatin immunoprecipitation and reporter assays, we observed binding of PPAR? to the MRAP promoter. The mutagenesis experiments showed that the ?1209/?1198 region of the MRAP promoter could function as a PPRE site. These results suggest that PPAR? is required for transcriptional activation of the MRAP gene during adipogenesis, which contributes to understanding of the molecular mechanism of lipolysis in adipocytes.

Kim, Nam Soo; Kim, Yoon-Jin [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of); Cho, Si Young [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of)] [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Tae Ryong, E-mail: trlee@amorepacific.com [R and D Center, Amore Pacific Corporation, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do 446-729 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Hoon, E-mail: shkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Biology, Research Institute for Basic Science, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-09-27

451

Regulation of G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling: Specific Dominant-Negative Effects of Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2  

PubMed Central

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide–binding protein (G protein)–coupled receptors (GPCRs), which constitute the largest family of membrane proteins, mediate responses to diverse physiological stimuli. The presence of melanocortin 2 receptors (MC2Rs) on the plasma membrane requires the presence of either MC2R accessory protein (MRAP) or MRAP2, which are homologous accessory proteins. Here, we show that, whereas MRAP was essential for activation of MC2R signaling, MRAP2 was an endogenous inhibitor that competed with MRAP for binding to MC2R and decreased the potency of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), the endogenous agonist for MC2Rs, in stimulating the production of adenosine 3?,5?-monophosphate (cAMP). ACTH bound with high affinity to MC2Rs in the presence of MRAP, but not MRAP2. The ability of MRAP and MRAP2 to influence ligand-binding affinity was specific to MC2R, because these proteins had little effect on the binding of NDP-?-melanocyte–stimulating hormone to MC4R or on its stimulation of cAMP responses. These results demonstrate that the balance of stimulatory and inhibitory accessory proteins can control the sensitivity of a GPCR to its natural agonist.

Sebag, Julien A.; Hinkle, Patricia M.

2010-01-01

452

Accessory ?-helix of complexin I can displace VAMP2 locally in the complexin-SNARE quaternary complex  

PubMed Central

The calcium-triggered neurotransmitter release requires three SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) proteins: synaptobrevin 2 (or VAMP2) on the synaptic vesicle and syntaxin 1 and SNAP-25 at the presynaptic plasmas membrane. This minimal fusion machinery is believed to drive fusion of the vesicle to the presynaptic membrane. Complexin, also known as synaphin, is a neuronal cytosolic protein that acts as a major regulator of synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Stimulatory and inhibitory effects of complexin have both been reported, suggesting the duality of its function. To shed light on the molecular basis of the complexin’s dual function, we have performed an EPR investigation of the complexin-SNARE quaternary complex. We found that the accessory ?-helix (amino acids 27–48) by itself has the capacity to replace the C-terminus of the SNARE motif of VAMP2 in the four-helix bundle and makes the SNARE complex weaker when the N-terminal region of complexin I (amino acids 1–26) is removed. However, the accessory ?-helix remains detached from the SNARE core when the N-terminal region of complexin I is present. Thus, our data show the possibility that the balance between the activities of the accessory ?-helix and the N-terminal domain might determine the final outcome of the complexin function, either stimulatory or inhibitory.

Lu, Bin; Song, Shuang; Shin, Yeon-Kyun

2010-01-01

453

Accessory alpha-helix of complexin I can displace VAMP2 locally in the complexin-SNARE quaternary complex.  

PubMed

The calcium-triggered neurotransmitter release requires three SNARE (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor) proteins: synaptobrevin 2 (or vesicle-associated membrane protein 2) on the synaptic vesicle and syntaxin 1 and SNAP-25 (synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa) at the presynaptic plasma membrane. This minimal fusion machinery is believed to drive fusion of the vesicle to the presynaptic membrane. Complexin, also known as synaphin, is a neuronal cytosolic protein that acts as a major regulator of synaptic vesicle exocytosis. Stimulatory and inhibitory effects of complexin have both been reported, suggesting the duality of its function. To shed light on the molecular basis of the complexin's dual function, we have performed an EPR investigation of the complexin-SNARE quaternary complex. We found that the accessory alpha-helix (amino acids 27-48) by itself has the capacity to replace the C-terminus of the SNARE motif of vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 in the four-helix bundle and makes the SNARE complex weaker when the N-terminal region of complexin I (amino acids 1-26) is removed. However, the accessory alpha-helix remains detached from the SNARE core when the N-terminal region of complexin I is present. Thus, our data show the possibility that the balance between the activities of the accessory alpha-helix and the N-terminal domain might determine the final outcome of the complexin function, either stimulatory or inhibitory. PMID:20026076

Lu, Bin; Song, Shuang; Shin, Yeon-Kyun

2010-02-26

454

Unmasking of fast and slow atrioventricular nodal pathways by successful radiofrequency ablation of two accessory atrioventricular connections.  

PubMed

Electrophysiologic findings suggesting the coexistence of dual atrioventricular (AV) nodal pathways and accessory AV connections have been previously described. Anterograde conduction through the accessory pathway (AP) may preclude the diagnosis of AV nodal dual pathway physiology during atrial stimulation. This study reports on a patient with manifest Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome with clinically documented paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, in whom dual AV nodal pathways were unmasked after successful radiofrequency ablation of two accessory AV connections. In spite of detailed investigation, fast and slow AV nodal pathways were not detected in the first electrophysiologic study 8 years before ablation, nor were they detected during preablation study because of exclusive anomalous anterograde conduction. The anterograde AP effective refractory period was shorter than that of the fast and slow AV nodal pathways, and was limited by atrial refractoriness at 190 ms. The present findings strongly suggest the necessity for a careful postablation eletrophysiologic study before and after isoproterenol administration with specific evaluation of AV nodal conduction. This is the first documented report on the finding of AV nodal dual pathway physiology and reentry after successful radiofrequency ablation of two APs. This finding may be of great therapeutic significance in light of the feasibility of slow pathway ablation also during a single session, had AV nodal reentry been induced in a sustained manner after ablation of the AP to prevent late recurrence of tachycardia. PMID:8994742

Centurión, O A; Kaibara, M; Isomoto, S; Konoe, A; Yano, K

1997-01-01

455

Yeast Irc6p is a novel type of conserved clathrin coat accessory factor related to small G proteins  

PubMed Central

Clathrin coat accessory proteins play key roles in transport mediated by clathrin-coated vesicles. Yeast Irc6p and the related mammalian p34 are putative clathrin accessory proteins that interact with clathrin adaptor complexes. We present evidence that Irc6p functions in clathrin-mediated traffic between the trans-Golgi network and endosomes, linking clathrin adaptor complex AP-1 and the Rab GTPase Ypt31p. The crystal structure of the Irc6p N-terminal domain revealed a G-protein fold most related to small G proteins of the Rab and Arf families. However, Irc6p lacks G-protein signature motifs and high-affinity GTP binding. Also, mutant Irc6p lacking candidate GTP-binding residues retained function. Mammalian p34 rescued growth defects in irc6? cells, indicating functional conservation, and modeling predicted a similar N-terminal fold in p34. Irc6p and p34 also contain functionally conserved C-terminal regions. Irc6p/p34-related proteins with the same two-part architecture are encoded in genomes of species as diverse as plants and humans. Together these results define Irc6p/p34 as a novel type of conserved clathrin accessory protein and founding members of a new G protein–like family.

Gorynia, Sabine; Lorenz, Todd C.; Costaguta, Giancarlo; Daboussi, Lydia; Cascio, Duilio; Payne, Gregory S.

2012-01-01

456