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1

Evolution of the continental crust as recorded in accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in precise in situ isotopic analysis by LA-ICPMS and SIMS allow correlating multiple isotopic systems within single grains of accessory minerals such as zircon and monazite. The combined isotope systematics have provided valuable insights into the evolution of the continental crust. Zircon, a common accessory phase in granitoids, can be precisely dated by the U-Pb system. Zircon Lu-Hf isotopic composition is a function of crustal residence time of the magmatic protolith, whereas the O isotopic composition is a sensitive record of reworking of mature sediments such as pelite. An integration of U-Pb, Lu-Hf and O isotopic data for detrital zircons from modern large rivers indicates that: (1) the preserved continental crust dominantly formed between 3.6 and 1.0 Ga, (2) the major mode of crustal development would change during the supercontinent cycle, i.e., the generation of juvenile crust during supercontinent fragmentation versus the stabilization of the generated crust via crustal remelting during supercontinent fragmentation, and (3) reworking of mature sediments increased abruptly at ca. 2.1 Ga. No granitoids are known to have survived since 4.03 Ga. Yet evidence of an even older evolved crust is provided by detrital zircons with ages up to 4.4 Ga from Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Recently, such Hadean zircons have been found from outside the Yilgarn Craton, indicating that the young Earth had widespread granitoid crust. In addition, another accessory phase, monazite, in the Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks offers an unique opportunity to advance our knowledge of early crustal evolution. Monazite, a light rare earth element phosphate mineral, occurs as an igneous accessory phase particularly in low-Ca granitoids, in contrast to the occurrence of igneous zircon in a wide range of granitoids. U-Pb and Sm-Nd isotope systematic of monazite are analogous to U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope systematics of zircon in that they define the timing of the crystallization and magmatic protolith formation (model age), respectively. The lack of monazites having >3.6 Ga crystallization ages as well as >4.0 Ga Nd model ages in the Mt. Narryer and Jack Hills metasedimentary rocks suggests that the source rocks of the Hadean detrital zircons are not low-Ca granitoids and therefore contained few monazites. Given that low-Ca granitoid magmas generated mainly by melting of pre-existing mid-lower crust, this finding may indicate minor intra-crustal melting and, by extension, crustal stabilization until ca. 3.6 Ga. This is consistent with the picture portrayed by the detrital zircons from modern rivers. Presumably, the hotter and rheologically weaker lithospheric mantle fostered many small plates and island arcs early in Earth's history, and the young arc crust was efficiently returned to the mantle via subduction. Accordingly, net growth of continental crust was essentially minor in early Earth's history despite high rates of crust generation.

Iizuka, Tsuyoshi

2013-04-01

2

Next steps in using accessory minerals to date the evolution of silicic magmas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, 238U-230Th-206Pb isotopic dating of accessory minerals using the high spatial resolution and sensitivity of ion microprobe analysis has provided new insights into the longevity and thermochemical evolution of silicic magmas, but has also created new questions about the generation, differentiation, and construction of silicic magma chambers. An important conclusion from in situ dating is that accessory minerals such as zircon and allanite in silicic magmas may be 10's to 100's of thousands of years older than their age of eruption. Whether these relatively "old" crystals are derived from long-lived crystal-rich magma reservoirs or inherited due to remelting of frozen intrusions remains a difficult question to answer because long-lived centers of magmatism are characteristically dynamic and are open systems. Nevertheless, not all rhyolites from loci of repeated silicic magmatism carry a dominant "cargo" of antecrystic zircon (or other accessory minerals). Crystal-poor high-silica rhyolites from Coso volcanic field, eastern California, contain a bimodal population of young zircon that yield 238U-230Th ages concordant with their respective late Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar eruption ages, and a population of Mesozoic zircon that are obvious xenocrysts derived from wallrocks. Rhyolites erupted from La Primavera caldera, Mexico, contain zircon and chevkinite that yield 238U-230Th ages that are within 10's of k.y. of their corresponding eruption ages between ca. 125-85 ka. Antecrysts from intrusions related to older episodes of rhyolitic magmatism appear absent or exceedingly rare. The relatively short timescales between crystallization and eruption suggest that these rhyolites, unlike otherwise similar rhyolites from other systems, were tapped shortly after highly effective differentiation and/or reheating. It is apparent that zircon ages alone are insufficient for resolving the thermochemical and differentiation histories of silicic magmas, and need to be keyed to crystal-scale variations in trace element and isotopic composition, and geothermometry, as well as the compositions and ages of associated major and other accessory phases. Combination of accessory mineral dating and geospeedomety may yield unique information because these methods resolve different aspects of magma evolution over long and short timescales. Zircon crystals from a ca. 260 ka post-collapse rhyolite at Yellowstone caldera yield U-Pb ages that are 10's to 100's of k.y. older than their eruption age, whereas diffusion profiles derived from relatively high temperature rims on sanidine and pyroxenes indicate 10's of k.y. residence since heating and rim growth. These contrasting timescales reflect different aspects of magma evolution. The range of zircon ages is likely to reflect a mixture of recycled crystal residue and renewed crystallization, which is supported by petrographic evidence for inherited plutonic cores in pyroxenes. This combined dating may provide a way to test whether any "old" crystals reflect freeze-thaw thermal cycles in the subvolcanic environment or protracted storage of magma in mushy or melt rich reservoirs.

Vazquez, J. A.

2011-12-01

3

Consistent patterns of rare earth element distribution in accessory minerals from rocks of mafic-ultramafic complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes analytical data accumulated in the world literature and other materials about the regularities of the REE distribution in minerals contained in ultramafic and mafic rocks as accessory phases. These minerals are tentatively divided into two groups. The first includes garnets, zircons, apatites and perovskites, which can accumulate increased amounts of REE in their structure. The second consists of minerals whose structure can accumulate only limited contents of these trace elements. These are chrome-spinels, ilmenites, and micas. These minerals, in respect of REE geochemistry, are studied to a varying degree because of the different levels of accumulations of these elements, different degrees of occurrence in rocks, tiny sizes of their grains and other reasons. The analytical database formed on their basis includes about 600 original analyses. The overwhelming majority of presently available data on REE geochemistry in accessory minerals from ultramafic and mafic rocks have been published only in the recent 15 years. The studies became possible due to the development and introduction of new highly sensible microprobe analyses allowing detection of REE and many other trace elements in minerals grains directly in thin sections. The greatest numbers of these analyses were performed for garnets and zircons, fewer for apatites, and the fewest for chrome-spinels, ilmenites, micas, and perovskites. In general, the regularities of REE distribution in these minerals from ultramafic and mafic rocks are less studied compared to the rock-forming minerals from ultramafic and mafic rocks. Among the analytical methods, which were used to study the REE composition of accessory minerals, the most efficient was the mass-spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-MS).

Lesnov, Felix Petrovich

2013-03-01

4

Distinctive Accessory Minerals, Textures and Crystal Habits in Biofilm Associated Gypsum Deposits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gypsum-depositing environments near Guerrero Negro, Baja California Sur, Mexico were investigated in order to differentiate the influence of microbial activity versus nonbiological processes upon sedimentary fabrics and minerals. Field sites were located in sabkhas (mudflats and anchialine pools) and in seawater concentration ponds in the salt production facility operated by Exportadora de Sal, S. A. Gypsum (CaSO4.2H2O) was classified according to sedimentary environment (e.g., mudflats, anchialine pools, saltern ponds, surface and subsurface sediments), sedimentary texture, mineral composition, crystal habit, brine composition and other geochemical and biological factors. Gypsum types that develop in the absence of biofilms include water column precipitates (pelagic grains) and subsedimentary crystalline discs that form from phreatic brine ripening. Subsedimentary gypsum forming in sabkha environments had a sinuous axial microtexture and poikilitically enclosed detrital particles whereas water column precipitates exhibited euhedral prismatic habits and extensive penetrative twinning. Gypsum that was influenced by biofilms included cumulate crusts and gypsooids / gypsolite developing in anchialine pools and in saltern concentration ponds. Gypsum precipitating within subaqueous benthic microbial mats, or biofilm/sediment surfaces offered compelling evidence of biofilm influence on crystal textures and habits. Biofilm effects include irregular high relief surface textures, accessory minerals (elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, Sr/Ca-sulfate, Mg-oxide and Mg- sulfate) and distinctive crystal habits. Elemental sulfur, Ca-carbonate, and Sr/Ca-sulfate are known byproducts of bacterially mediated sulfate reduction (BSR). Populations of gypsum crystals within biofilms exhibited euhedral to lensoidal morphologies with unique equant and distorted prismatic forms. These forms had been shown to arise from form- and face-specific inhibition by bioorganic functional groups (Cody, 1991; Cody and Cody 1991). Biofilms therefore may play an active role in influencing brine chemistry, inducing crystallization and modifying crystal habits, evidence of which is preserved in grain morphologies.

Vogel, M.; Des Marais, D.; Jahnke, L.; Parenteau, M.

2008-12-01

5

Use of multiple channeltrons for UPb laser ablation ICP-MS dating of accessory minerals with improved spatial resolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Precision and accuracy of U-Pb laser ablation ICP-MS isotopic dating of accessory minerals is often limited by uncontrolled elemental fractionation of Pb and U during laser ablation, by variable mass discrimination of the ICP-MS instruments and also by imperfect correction for initial common Pb. While the early work was mostly restricted to determining the 207Pb\\/206Pb ages, the use of UV

J. Kosler; J. Slama; R. Pedersen

2009-01-01

6

Linking rare earth element zoning in major and accessory minerals to better understand metasedimentary migmatites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Trace element signatures from major and accessory minerals are increasingly used to place constraints on the ages of tectonothermal events and gain insights into processes operating in the deep continental crust. Minerals such as garnet, zircon or monazite represent sensitive recorders of events if a solid understanding exists of what trace element signatures represent. A study underway on granulite facies migmatites is providing insights into trace element signatures in garnet, and when integrated with in situ, microbeam analysis of zircon and monazite, is allowing a complex polymetamorphic history to be deciphered. The Larsemann Hills, east Antarctica, are composed of felsic orthogneisses and metasediments that were affected by high-grade metamorphism and partial melting at c. 7 kbar and >800 °C. Initially interpreted to have experienced a single cycle of metamorphism at c. 550-530 Ma, recent ages suggest that the area was affected by an earlier high-grade event at c. 900 Ma; the timing of migmatization relative to these two events remains uncertain. To address this, a detailed study has targeted metasedimentary migmatites. Garnet, zircon and monazite were analysed from melanosome, leucosome and selvage domains. Garnet (predominantly almandine-pyrope) preserves little, if any, major element zoning. In contrast, it records systematic within-grain variations in heavy rare earth element (HREE) concentration depending on textural context. Garnet within residuum domains displays broad cores with flat HREE slopes in chondrite-normalized plots, but are HREE-depleted (negative slopes) at boundaries adjacent to leucosome. In contrast, garnet boundaries adjacent to cordierite-rich selvages are typically HREE-enriched, with positive-sloping patterns. It is interpreted that core-rim depletions in HREE may reflect evolution of the whole-rock reservoir towards depletion during migmatization and garnet growth. Enrichment in garnet HREE adjacent to selvage domains likely resulted from local reaction between solids and melts either during melt transit and/or crystallization. Monazite, which is preferentially located in leucosome domains, preserves ages that reflect growth at c. 900 Ma and c. 530 Ma, although trace element signatures are ambiguous. However, zircon, which is preferentially located in selvage domains, preserves c. 530 Ma rims with depleted, flat to negatively sloping HREE patterns. It is interpreted that these zircon rims grew in, or near to equilibrium with garnet cores and rims during partial melting, and may date at least part of migmatite formation in the Larsemann Hills. They do not date the final crystallization of melts and development of selvage domains. Preliminary results of this study have shown that the trace element composition of garnet from high-temperature terrains can be a powerful tool in tracking metamorphic and melting processes where major elements zoning is no longer preserved. This study also demonstrates the utility of textural context when interpreting trace element patterns and ages from dateable accessory minerals in rocks from polycyclic metamorphic terrains.

Matthews, J. A.; Kelly, N. M.; Koenig, A.; Harley, S. L.

2011-12-01

7

Unique accessory Ti-Ba-P mineralization in the Kvalöya ultrapotassic dike, Northern Norway  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Unusual ultrapotassic dikes were recently found on the Kvalöya Island in Northern Norway. The dikes crosscutting granites 1.8 Ga in age are 0.1-1.0 m thick and consist of phlogopite phenocrysts in a fine-grained groundmass of K-magnesioarfvedsonite, orthoclase, apatite, and secondary chlorite. According to the composition of the rock-forming minerals (4.5-6.0 wt % K2O and 0.7-3.5 wt % TiO2 in magnesioarfved-sonite, 1.6-3.6 wt % FeO in orthoclase, 9.2-10.7 wt % Al2O3 and 2.1-2.6 wt % TiO2 in phlogopite) and its bulk chemical composition (K/Na = 2.3-2.9, K/Al = 1.0-1.2, (Na + K)/Al = 1.4-1.7, Mg# V = 65-73, (La/Yb) n = 100-140, 3.2-4.0 wt % TiO2, 0.55-1.47 wt % BaO, 2.5-3.0 wt % P2O5, 2650-3000 ppm Zr, 900-1260 ppm REE total, 2300-2500 ppm Sr), the rock corresponds to lamproite of the transitional type. The unique chemical composition of the rock resulted in uncommon Ti-Ba-P accessory mineralization, including baotite Ba4(Ti,Nb)8Si4O28Cl (up to 5 vol %), Sr-apatite (5-7 vol %), and previously unknown Na-Mg-Ba phosphate. Baotite forms anhedral elongated and isometric grains 10-500 ?m in size. It is characterized by low Nb (0.03-0.05 f.c.); admixtures of K (0.04-0.12 f.c.) and Sr (0.04-0.07) replacing Ba and Fe (0.01-0.03 f.c.); and Al (0.03-0.04 f.c.) substituting Ti. Euhedral elongated zonal apatite crystals are extremely enriched in SrO (8-12 wt %) and REE2O3 + Y2O3 (6-9 wt %) in the marginal zone. Na-Mg-Ba phosphate occurs as prismatic grains 10-100 ?m in size. The atomic ratio of its major cations Na: Mg: Ba: P ˜ 2: 1: 1: 2 corresponds to the conventional formula Na2MgBa(PO4)2; the mineral contains Sr, Mn, Fe, Ca, Si, and Al admixtures.

Zozulya, D. R.; Savchenko, E. E.; Kullerud, K.; Ravna, E. K.; Lyalina, L. M.

2010-12-01

8

Growth, Transport, And/or Breakdown of Accessory Minerals in Migmatites from the Larsemann Hills, East Antarctica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extraction of melts from the lower crust and their subsequent emplacement at higher structural levels is an important differentiation mechanism that leads to the transfer of major and trace elements, volatiles and heat through the crust. Residual migmatites and granulites exposed at the Earth’s surface represent former melt-bearing crust and preserve evidence for melt transport on the micro- and meso-scale. The study of accessory phases, in particular their stabilities in melt-bearing systems and interactions with major minerals, is key to understanding the fluxes of trace and heat-producing elements during crustal anatexis. The Larsemann Hills of Prydz Bay, east Antarctica provide excellent 2-D exposure of granulite facies (c. 7 kbar and 800 °C) metasedimentary rocks and leucognesisses that preserve evidence for in situ partial melting, melt mobilization and connectivity. Leucosome found here contains K-feldspar, quartz, plagioclase, and minor garnet and biotite. Domains of residuum include: a) garnet (with aligned acicular sillimanite inclusions)-cordierite-spinel-ilmenite melanosome, the inferred assemblage remaining after melting and the extraction of some or all of the melt fraction; and b) coarse-grained garnet-sillimanite-cordierite ± biotite selvage zones that formed during melt-wall rock interaction. Petrographic analysis of melanosome, selvage, and leucosome domains has characterized mineral assemblages, structural fabrics and/or reaction textures that reflect the process of melt generation and in some cases reaction between residuum and crystallizing melts. In particular, focus on the textural context of accessory phases (zircon, monazite, apatite) has found that these phases occur as inclusions in and along grain boundaries of major minerals (e.g. garnet). This suggests that these accessory phases grew along with major minerals during partial melting. Detailed trace element characterization of major and accessory phases is being integrated with in situ U-Pb geochronology, and will provide further petrologic and age constraints on the growth, breakdown, or transport (as xenocrysts) of trace-element carriers in the melt system. Our results indicate that zircon growth in migmatitic granulites predominately will occur early during the progression of partial melting, at close to peak temperature conditions. In contrast, late zircon growth during crystallization of partial melts (leucosomes) and leucognesisses may be more limited than typically inferred, with zircon in some crustal melts reflecting entrainment from a source and not in situ crystallization. The results from this study will allow quantification of trace element budgets during partial melting, importantly those that are still residing in residual granulites, and thereby contribute further to our understanding of chemical differentiation of the continental crust.

Matthews, J. A.; Kelly, N. M.

2010-12-01

9

Quartz-albite-microcline metasomatic rocks in the Main Sayan Fault Zone: Evolution of metasomatism and composition of accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quartz-albite-microcline metasomatic rocks (qualmites) localized in the Main Sayan Fault Zone at the boundary of Irkutsk oblast and Buryatia (Eastern Sayan, middle reaches of the Kitoi River) were formed after dynamometamorphic biotite and biotite-amphibole granite gneisses. The zone of alkaline metasomatism up to 250-300 m thick extends for about 12 km along the Main Sayan Fault. Riebeckite-aegirine and hornblende-clinopyroxene qualmites were formed during the early alkaline stage of metasomatism. Biotite-magnetite qualmites, which are occasionally superimposed on riebeckite-aegirine rocks, are products of the following stage of increasing acidity. The 40Ar/39Ar age of amphibole from metasomatic rocks is 321 ± 5 Ma. The metasomatic rocks are enriched by 2-4 times in Zr, Nb, Y, REE, Be, Th, and U relative to unaltered granite gneisses and contain rare-metal mineralization (fergusonite-(Y), betafite, Nb- and Y- bearing titanites, gadolinite-(Y), zircon, thorite, allanite-(Ce), chevkinite-(Ce), etc.). The composition of accessory minerals was studied on a LEO-1430VP SEM. Their composition and mineral assemblages show that meta-somatic alteration and Ti-Nb-Zr-REE mineralization were formed synchronously. The stage of acid solution neutralization was characterized by crystallization of epidote and andradite and by replacement of chevkinite with allanite and titanite in metasomatic rocks. Hydro- and fluorcarbonates of LREE, phosphates (monazite-(Ce)), and fluorides (F-bearing thorianite?) were formed during the final low-temperature stage.

Savel'Eva, V. B.; Karmanov, N. S.

2010-08-01

10

Reaction microtextures of REE Y Th U accessory minerals in the Monte Capanne pluton (Elba Island, Italy): a possible indicator of hybridization processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of accessory minerals in granitoid rocks can provide clues to the history of magmatic processes. In particular, the textural chemical characteristics of accessories could represent effective markers of hybridization processes. The concomitant occurrence of contrasting reaction microtextures of REE Y Th U accessory minerals in the Monte Capanne anatectic hybrid pluton suggests the occurrence of transient chemical conditions (alumina saturation up and down in the same system) in the early stages of crystallization. Incongruent dissolution of apatite produced microcrystal clusters of huttonitic monazite, while monazite-(Ce) crystals were replaced by allanite-(Ce)±apatite assemblage at the same location. A magma mingling process, involving acidic peraluminous and mafic metaluminous end-members, can provide the expected initial strong differences in alumina saturation that are able to induce such contrasting reactions. The proposed double exchange of accessory minerals between the two magmas strongly suggests a dynamic setting (stirring and straining of crystal-rich melts) in which anatectic and hybridization processes evolved.

Dini, A.; Rocchi, S.; Westerman, D. S.

2004-10-01

11

The evolution of the Peach Spring Tuff magmatic system as revealed by accessory mineral textures and compositions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Peach Spring Tuff (PST), a large Miocene ignimbrite located in the southwestern USA, is distinctive in its abundance of U, Th, and REE concentrating accessory minerals (zircon, sphene, allanite, chevkinite). We have examined textures and compositions of these accessory minerals and magnetite, as well as glasses, in pumice clasts and fiamme from the PST outflow and intracaldera by a variety of methods. Textures of crystal populations were assessed qualitatively in thin sections and crystal separates, and quantitatively by differential absorption x-ray tomography (DAT) to obtain quantitative textural information (i.e. crystal size distributions, CSDs). We have also analyzed REE compositions of glasses by LA-ICPMS and zircon and sphene by SHRIMP-RG. Pumice clasts and fiamme from the outflow sheet and intracaldera deposits range in composition and crystal content, from relatively crystal-poor rhyolites to crystal-rich trachytes, with intracaldera fiamme on the less silicic end of this spectrum. REE trends in zircon and sphene grains reveal a simple fractionation history in rhyolites, but MREE enrichment in sphene edges in trachytes suggest final growth from a less evolved melt. Ti-in-zircon and Zr-in-sphene thermometry reveals lower temperature growth at edges of grains from rhyolites (down to ~730 °C), while edges from trachytes record warmer temperatures (up to ~980 °C). Trace element variations and estimated temperatures also suggest that zircon has a more protracted history of growth than other accessory phases. Textures are consistent with the geochemical results. Phenocrysts in rhyolites tend to be euhedral, while those from intracaldera trachytes display resorption features. Zircon and allanite+chevkinite size distributions in outflow pumice clasts and intracaldera fiamme generally display exponential CSDs, consistent with a simple growth and nucleation history. Sphene and magnetite size distributions in outflow samples are generally kinked, with large numbers of small (<100 µm) crystals, suggestive of enhanced nucleation due to rapid decompression. In intracaldera fiamme, the abundance of large sphene crystals (>200 µm) is considerably lower than what is found for the other accessory phases, and sphene CSDs have concave-down shapes for crystals <100 µm. These features are consistent with resorption. The lack of a concave-down section in zircon and allanite+chevkinite CSDs is likely due to comparatively slower growth rates of these phases. These results suggest that the PST was a zoned system affected by a late-stage heating event, which may have triggered eruption, followed by eruptive decompression. Timescales of crystallization calculated from magnetite size distributions suggest this decompression event occurred at most months to a year before eruption. One outflow pumice clast of trachyte composition follows compositional trends of intracaldera trachytes and textural trends of outflow rhyolites, suggesting that these events affected different regions of the chamber to different extents.

Pamukcu, A. S.; Gualda, G. A.; Miller, C. F.; Wooden, J. L.

2010-12-01

12

Polyphase growth of accessory minerals during continental collision: Geochemical evidence from ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic gneisses in the Sulu orogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An integrated study of petrology, geochronology and geochemistry was performed for ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic gneisses in the Sulu orogen. The results are used to elucidate the polyphase growth of such metamorphic minerals as zircon, titanite and garnet in response to pressure-temperature changes and fluid/melt action during continental collision. This provides insights into the property of metamorphic fluid/melt and their effects on trace element mobility. A combined result from REE patterns, mineral inclusions and Ti-in-zircon temperatures indicates three stages of zircon growth. Prograde growth occurred at ~ 237 Ma primarily at eclogite-facies, retrograde growth at ~ 222 Ma mostly at eclogite-facies, and the last growth at ~ 205 Ma at granulite-facies. The three stages of zircon growth are deciphered by distinct REE patterns and trace element compositions, reflecting the differences in the property of metamorphic fluid/melt. The episodic growth of metamorphic zircon is primarily dictated by the episodic concentration of Zr and Si in metamorphic fluid/melt. Relict domains of magmatic titanite are distinguished from metamorphosed and metamorphic domains by their distinctive REE patterns and trace element compositions. The metamorphic titanite exhibit variably elevated Nb contents and Nb/Ta ratios, suggesting Nb/Ta fractionation due to breakdown of amphibole and/or biotite during metamorphism. Polyphase growth of garnet is suggested by an integrated analysis of mineral inclusions, and major and trace elements in large garnet grains. Trace element abundances vary in different zones of garnet, which is ascribed to changes in the paragenesis and composition of matrix minerals involved in garnet-forming reactions at different P-T conditions. Therefore, the metamorphic growth of zircon, titanite and garnet would have occurred not only during prograde subduction but also during retrograde exhumation in the continental collision zones. Both metamorphic dehydration and partial melting would have taken place episodically during the collisional orogeny. The breakdown of hydrous minerals at high- to ultrahigh-pressure conditions is a key to fluid liberation and element supply for the growth of these accessory minerals.

Chen, Yi-Xiang; Zheng, Yong-Fei; Hu, Zhaochu

2013-09-01

13

Using the potential of accessory minerals: detailed reconstruction of emplacement and crystallization sequence in the Southern Adamello Batholith, N. Italy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent advances in U-Pb zircon geochronology have revealed the complexities of pluton construction, by multiple injections on 10-100 ka to Ma timescales (Michel et al., 2008, Schaltegger et al., 2009). Using high precision U-Pb dating we are potentially able to describe the duration and evolution of magmatic systems, their crystallization and emplacement within the crust. The potential exists to better understand these processes by detailed study of accessory minerals. The trace element and isotopic characteristics of accessory minerals makes them important information carriers for tracking changes in a magma through time. High precision U-Pb dating, using CA-ID-TIMS and employing the ET2535 tracer solution for <0.1% precision and accuracy on 206Pb/238U zircon and titanite dates, and trace element analyses of zircon and titanite, combined with Hf isotope analysis of zircon are presented for the investigation of a complex magmatic system. This study focuses on the Val Fredda Complex (VFC) in the southern tip of the 43 to 32 Ma Adamello batholith, N. Italy. The VFC displays complex relationships among mafic melts that were injected into solidifying felsic magmas. The mafic units crystallized potential autocrystic zircons over a duration of 100 ka, with the majority of zircons co-crystallizing with titanite. The TIMS-TEA method (Schoene et al., 2010) allows us to analyze trace elements on the same volume of zircon/titanite used for U-Pb dating. Mafic zircon and titanite trace elements (e.g., Eu/Eu* and Sr) suggest that these accessory minerals crystallized prior to plagioclase fractionation. Based on experiments (Ulmer et al., 1983) and the trace element data from this study, we suggest that the mafic zircons and titanites do not represent in situ crystallization and therefore are more likely antecrystic. Data from the VFC felsic units show more complex zircon populations, including xenocrystic, antecrystic and autocrystic zircons. These felsic units have apparent autocrystic zircon growth over 100 to 200 ka, with zircons co-crystallizing with titanites during the final 20 to 50 ka. While zircon/chondrite normalized REE patterns do not vary with differentiation, titanite REE patterns reveal changes with differentiation, mostly within the LREEs and Eu/Eu*. Based on trace element fractionation we suggest that felsic zircons and titanites crystallized in situ and represent autocrystic growth. The oldest autocrystic zircon may approximate the injection of the respective magma pulses into the host rock, whereas the youngest zircon and titanite indicate final crystallization at the solidus in a stagnant interstitial melt. We acknowledge funding of FNS in the frame of ProDoc Adamello 4-D. Michel et al., 2008, Geol. 36 : 459-462 ; Schaltegger et al., 2009, Earth Planet. Sci.Lett. 286: 208-218; Schoene et al., 2010, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 7144-7159; Ulmer et al., 1983, Mem. Soc. Geol. It. 26 : 171-222

Broderick, C. A.; Schaltegger, U.; Frick, D.; Guenther, D.; Brack, P.

2011-12-01

14

Evolution of the Peach Spring Tuff (Southwest USA) magma body revealed by textures and compositions of accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 18.5Ma Peach Spring Tuff (PST) is a large (?640 km3) supererupted ignimbrite characterized by 4-20% phenocrysts (primarily sanidine) with an unusual abundance of important REE-incorporating accessory minerals (zircon, sphene, allanite/chevkinite). Recent discovery of the source caldera near Oatman, AZ allows for a comparison of these minerals in the outflow sheet and the caldera. Differential absorption x-ray tomography is used to quantitatively assess textures of Zr- and Ce-rich phases (zircon, sphene and allanite) over a range of resolutions (2.5-17µm/voxel) and crystal sizes. Textural work is complemented by dissolution of small rock chips (~3-5g) in fluoroboric acid and handpicking of zircon and sphene. Electron microprobe, LA-ICPMS, and SHRIMP analysis assesses major and trace element compositions of these minerals. Tomography images reveal that outflow pumice is characterized by euhedral phenocrysts, while intracaldera pumice includes no euhedral sphene. Pumice clasts from the outflow sheet reveal a striking feature: large numbers of zircon and allanite crystals are found included in sphene, with few crystals of these phases found elsewhere. This is puzzling as there is no clear mechanism for sphene to collect zircon and allanite during crystallization. Crystal size distributions (CSD) show that sphene is generally larger than zircon and allanite. Given that Ti diffusion in silicate melts is 2-3 orders of magnitude faster than Zr diffusion, the growth rate of sphene is expected to be significantly faster than that of zircon. Consequently, the similar CSD slopes observed for zircon and sphene imply a much more protracted crystallization history for zircon. Zr-in-sphene temperatures recorded in outflow and intracaldera pumice reveal modest temperatures (720-810 C). Ti-in-zircon temperatures in intracaldera pumice reveal a much broader crystallization interval (810-950 C), with maximum temperatures notably higher that those recorded in sphene. Maximum Ti-in-zircon temperatures are recorded in thick crystal rims, suggesting a late-stage input of heat into the PST system. Mafic enclaves found in intracaldera rocks suggest an injection of mafic magma into the system was the source of this heat. Lack of high temperature rims on sphene may be due to resorption of sphene during heating, which is in agreement with the lack of euhedral sphene crystals in intracaldera pumice.

Pamukcu, A.; Gualda, G. A.; Miller, C. F.; Wooden, J.; Ferguson, C.

2009-12-01

15

238U/235U determinations of some commonly used reference materials and U-bearing accessory minerals (Invited)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have determined 238U/235U ratios for a suite of commonly used natural (CRM 112a, SRM 950a, HU-1) and synthetic (IRMM 184 and CRM U500) uranium reference materials in addition to several U-bearing accessory phases (zircon and monazite) by thermal ionisation mass-spectrometry (TIMS) using the IRMM 3636 233U-236U double spike to accurately correct for mass fractionation. The 238U/235U values for the natural uranium reference materials differ, by up to 0.1%, from the widely used ‘consensus’ value (137.88) with all having 238U/235U values less than 137.88. Similarly, initial 238U/235U data from zircon and monazite yield 238U/235U values that are lower than the ‘consensus’ value. The data obtained from U-bearing minerals is used to assess how the uncertainty in the 238U/235U ratio contributes to the systematic discordance observed in 238U/206Pb and 235U/207Pb dates (Mattinson, 2000; Schoene et al., 2006) which has traditionally been wholly attributed to error in the U decay constants. The 238U/235U determinations made on the synthetic reference materials yield results that are considerably more precise and accurate than the certified values (0.02% vs. 0.1% for CRM U500). The calibration of isotopic tracers used for U-daughter geochronology that are partially based upon these reference materials, and the resultant age determinations, will benefit from increased accuracy and precision. Mattinson, J.M., 2000. Revising the “gold standard”—the uranium decay constants of Jaffey et al., 1971. Eos Trans. AGU, Spring Meet. Suppl., Abstract V61A-02. Schoene B., Crowley J.L., Condon D.C., Schmitz M.D., Bowring S.A., 2006, Reassessing the uranium decay constants for geochronology using ID-TIMS U-Pb data. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70: 426-445

Condon, D.; Noble, S.; McLean, N.; Bowring, S. A.

2009-12-01

16

A new method fingerprinting magmatic processes using combined U/Pb ID-TIMS geochronology and accessory mineral geochemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zircon is commonly used as a recorder of magmatic processes because of its utility in geochronology and ability to retain primary growth information at prolonged magmatic conditions. Recent applications of U-Pb ID-TIMS geochronology have shown that precision on dates of single zircons are often far smaller than the time-scales of magmatic systems. The result is that dates on such grains record various processes occurring over an interval of time during the production, mobilisation, and emplacement of magmas. Combining age information with geochemical data from the same zircons has proved a useful tool, but thus far has been restricted to low-precision in situ dating techniques. Furthermore, these techniques have been unable to combine age data with trace element geochemistry on the same volume of zircon. We have developed a new technique that combines high-precision ID-TIMS dating with geochemical characterization on the exact same material. U and Pb are commonly separated from the other chemical constituents by ion exchange chemistry during sample preparation. We retain this fraction and analyse it using solution nebulization ICP-SFMS with matrix-matched external liquid calibration. We measured elements such as Zr, Hf, Y, Sc, and the REE, which are present in solution at between 10 and >105 ppt; Hf isotopes are subsequently measured on the same solution. Data obtained using this approach allow us to distinguish between models for melt generation, transport, and assembly of the ca. 40 Ma composite mafic to felsic Re di Castello pluton, Adamello batholith, northern Italy. Coupled with age uncertainties on single zircons as low as 10,000 years, zircon geochemistry preserves a rich record of fractional crystallization, crustal assimilation and magma mixing over timescales of <20,000 to >400,000 years. These data can also be used to distinguish between auto-, xeno-, and antecrystic zircon. Combined with field observation and U-Pb sphene thermochronology, we show that this pluton was assembled through the incremental intrusion of small magmatic pulses in the upper crust following the storage and modification of larger magma batches at depth. Application of our method to a wider range of U-Pb accessory minerals combined with analytical improvements will widen the breadth of its application and contribute to our understanding of magmatic processes as a function of time.

Schoene, B.; Schaltegger, U.; Latkoczy, C.; Günther, D.

2009-12-01

17

Accessory antlers in male Cervidae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory (supernumerary) antlers are an infrequent phenomenon in male cervids. These bony protuberances grow mostly from permanent pedicles, which developed in response to a repeated or a severe trauma to frontal, nasal or parietal bones. They regularly undergo seasonal mineralization, casting and regrowth and may persist for many years. Three examples of accessory antlers in telemetacarpal cervids, roe deer (Capreolus

G. A. Bubenik; K. J. Hundertmark

2002-01-01

18

Reviving Moribund Intrusive Complexes: Mafic Thermal Input, the Accessory Mineral Record, and the Pluton-Volcano Connection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intrusive and extrusive silicic systems spanning subduction zone, oceanic, and intracontinental settings and ranging from small, persistent eruptive centers to supereruptions show evidence for periodic thermal input. We present examples demonstrating that this input is responsible for remobilizing stagnant intrusions and apparently triggering eruptions. Mafic recharge is the evident heat source in some and implicated indirectly in others. Field relations, textures, accessory mineral zoning, and U-Pb and U-Th geochronology provide evidence for the inferred thermal reinvigoration of these systems: --Mount St. Helens, WA (active subduction zone volcano): Combined U-Th dating and elemental analysis demonstrates that zircon grew from residual silicic melt in relatively cool storage zones,10's to 100's of ky prior to eruption, and that its growth was episodic over the history of the system. Zircon crystals are thus samples of stagnant intrusive ("plutonic") parts of the St. Helens system, entrained in hotter ascending magmas during replenishment and local rejuvenation. --Highland Range volcanics & Searchlight pluton, NV (Miocene volcanic-plutonic system, incipient crustal extension): Evidence for late-stage mingling between intermediate and highly evolved, crystal-rich magma is preserved in the pluton, large dikes, a near-surface plug, and the final erupted products of the system, which were accompanied and followed by andesite lavas. Resorption and reaction rimming of sphene and large feldspar and quartz crystals in the dikes, plug, and volcanic rocks attest to heating. We infer that voluminous andesite invaded nearly-solid leucogranite, remobilized it, and triggered final eruptions. --Peach Spring Tuff, AZ, CA, NV (Miocene supereruption, incipient crustal extension): In contrast to phenocryst-poor rhyolitic outflow, intracaldera tuff is crystal-rich trachyte. Feldspar and sphene phenocrysts are extensively resorbed and rims of zircon crystals record a >100 degree C spike in T. We conclude that the trachyte tuff is cumulate from the base of the pre-eruption chamber that was remobilized by an intense heating event. Based on Rhyolite-MELTS modelling, we estimate that this cumulate was initially uneruptible "rigid sponge" with 10-20% melt. Sparse andesitic enclaves may reflect the source of thermal rejuvenation of the mush. --Austurhorn intrusive complex (Late Miocene) & historic silicic eruptions, Iceland (hyperactive mid-ocean rift adjacent to hot spot): Austurhorn records extensive mingling between basaltic and silicic magma. Zircon U-Pb data reveal a major episode of mafic intrusion at 6.0 Ma. This intrusion partially remobilized felsic material and induced a second episode of zircon growth in the dominantly 6.5 Ma complex. Historic silicic eruptions are also usually accompanied by mafic lavas and/or enclaves, and zircon records T significantly lower than erupting magma and ages of 10's of ka. Our experience suggests that thermal rejuvenation plays a vital role in the dynamic behavior of many and perhaps most silicic systems. It is further consistent with the hypothesis that such systems are long-lived but that their normal state is as melt-poor, immobile, uneruptible bodies that only sporadically spring to life.

Miller, C. F.; Gualda, G. A.; Padilla, A. J.; Pamukcu, A. S.; Claiborne, L. L.; Carley, T. L.; Flanagan, D. M.

2011-12-01

19

Enhancing in-situ U-series accessory mineral chronometry to constrain pace and processes of magma accumulation, storage, and eruption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Over the past decade, deciphering absolute crystallization ages at micro-scales through in-situ U-series dating has spearheaded conceptual changes in the understanding of how magmas evolve en route to the surface. U-Th and U-Pb zircon geochronology by secondary ionization mass spectrometry (SIMS) now routinely accesses a continuous age spectrum extending well into the Holocene with ka precision for individual analysis spots ~25 - 40 ?m in diameter. SIMS depth profiling further increases spatial resolution at least tenfold. These developments are epitomized by studies that document multiple generations of zircon growth, predating eruptions by 10's to 100's of ka, as common features in silicic volcanics. Recently, these methods have been enhanced by (1) linking ages to Ti-in-zircon thermometry and trace element or oxygen isotopic fingerprinting; (2) tracking compositional changes with age in accessory minerals sensitive to magma differentiation, such as allanite; and (3) combining U-Th zircon ages with other chronometers, such as (U-Th)/He zircon or 226Ra-230Th-238U plagioclase dating. The emerging picture reveals a wide gamut of processes acting in magma bodies, including piecemeal, compartmentalized magma aggregation, protracted and thermally retrograde crystal storage coupled with magma differentiation, thermal rejuvenation and recycling of crystal mushes and solidified intrusions or magma chamber rinds, and wall rock assimilation. For the future, experimental constraints on accessory mineral-melt partitioning (e.g., Ayers and Luo, 2008: Geochim Cosmochim Acta, v. 72, p. A39) promise to put interpretation of zircon compositions on firmer footing, as is the case for additional accessory mineral saturation calibrations and improved modeling of existing ones (e.g., Harrison et al., 2007: Geology, v. 35, p. 635-638). By the same token, new experimental constraints on U-series element partitioning (e.g., Miller et al., 2007: Am Min, v. 92, p. 1535-1538) should enhance precision and applicability of mineral chronometers. Moreover, analytical advances in high spatial resolution SIMS hold promise for utilizing melt inclusions in zircon as an additional repository for constraining the chemical and thermal evolution of magmas.

Schmitt, A. K.

2008-12-01

20

Mineral dissolution in the Cape Cod aquifer, Massachusetts, USA: I . Reaction stoichiometry and impact of accessory feldspar and glauconite on strontium isotopes, solute concentrations, and REY distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To compare relative reaction rates of mineral dissolution in a mineralogically simple groundwater aquifer, we studied the controls on solute concentrations, Sr isotopes, and rare earth element and yttrium (REY) systematics in the Cape Cod aquifer. This aquifer comprises mostly carbonate-free Pleistocene sediments that are about 90% quartz with minor K-feldspar, plagioclase, glauconite, and Fe-oxides. Silica concentrations and pH in the groundwater increase systematically with increasing depth, while Sr isotopic ratios decrease. No clear relationship between 87Sr/ 86Sr and Sr concentration is observed. At all depths, the 87Sr/ 86Sr ratio of the groundwater is considerably lower than the Sr isotopic ratio of the bulk sediment or its K-feldspar component, but similar to that of a plagioclase-rich accessory separate obtained from the sediment. The Si- 87Sr/ 86Sr-depth relationships are consistent with dissolution of accessory plagioclase. In addition, solutes such as Sr, Ca, and particularly K show concentration spikes superimposed on their respective general trends. The K-Sr- 87Sr/ 86Sr systematics suggests that accessory glauconite is another major solute source to Cape Cod groundwater. Although the authigenic glauconite in the Cape Cod sediment is rich in Rb, it is low in in-grown radiogenic 87Sr because of its young Pleistocene age. The low 87Sr/ 86Sr ratios are consistent with equilibration of glauconite with seawater. The impact of glauconite is inferred to vary due to its variable abundance in the sediments. In the Cape Cod groundwater, the variation of REY concentrations with sampling depth resembles that of K and Rb, but differs from that of Ca and Sr. Shale-normalized REY patterns are light REY depleted, show negative Ce anomalies and super-chondritic Y/Ho ratios, but no Eu anomalies. REY input from feldspar, therefore, is insignificant compared to input from a K-Rb-bearing phase, inferred to be glauconite. These results emphasize that interpretation of groundwater chemistry, even in relatively simple aquifers, may be complicated by solute contributions from "exotic" accessory minerals such as glauconite. To detect such peculiarities, groundwater studies should combine the study of elemental concentration and isotopic composition of several solutes that show different geochemical behavior.

Bau, Michael; Alexander, Brian; Chesley, John T.; Dulski, Peter; Brantley, Susan L.

2004-03-01

21

Mineral chemistry of accessory phases in a High Ba-Sr suite: Scottish Caledonian appinites and granites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Crustal evolution is currently governed by plate tectonics and it has been shown that between the Archean and the Phanerozoic major changes in subduction styles occured. Among others, the chemistry of different plutonic rocks through time and the understanding of their petrogenesis have helped to define different stages in the evolution of plate tectonics. An important change around 2.7 Ga led to the genesis of rocks that are the result of a metasomatized mantle wedge: the sanukitoids. This event is interpreted as the result of the evolution from a shallow to a steep subduction style. Modern plate tectonics is now generally generating calc-alkaline suites but exceptions can occur such as the Caledonian (Palaeozoic) high Ba-Sr plutons in northern Scotland. The latter have been interpreted as a modern analogue of the sanukitoids [1]. In this contribution, we aim to study this Caledonian sanukitoid-like suite from northern Scotland. Whole rock chemistry (trace elements and stable isotopes) of these rocks ranging from appinitic to granitoid in composition are well constrained [1] but it has been argued that careful study of accessory phases can give more information on the petrogenesis of the plutons [2]. The incorporation of trace elements and more particularly rare earth elements (REE) into their structures make them ideal to understand petrogenetic processes. Here, we present a detailed petrographic study and systematic analysis of trace elements of apatite, titanite and zircon in a range of plutonic rocks from appinitic to granitoid compositions. Trace elements in these accessory phases give direct access to the crystallisation history of these plutons. With these data, we suggest that apatite and titanite record in-situ crystal fractionation and mixing processes. Whole-rock reverse modelling, using single grain apatite or titanite trace element compositions, give reliable results. These results also highlight the relationship between the appinite and granitoid rocks and their petrogenetic history. [1] Fowler et al. (2008) Lithos 105, 129-148. [2] Hoskin et al. (2000) Journal of Petrology 41, 1365-1396.

Bruand, Emilie; Fowler, Mike; Storey, Craig

2013-04-01

22

Accessory Mineral U-Pb Ti-Zr Thermochronology of the Deep Crust of Zealandia: Rift, Breakup and Drift from 90-20 Ma  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cenozoic alkaline mafic volcanics of eastern Otago were made famous in classic petrology and petrography texts coauthored by Francis Turner. Several locales have yielded mantle and crustal xenoliths including the Pigroot "mafic phonolite". Here, among abundant spinel lherzolite xenoliths, we discovered an undeformed cumulate gabbro composed of intermediate plagioclase and pargasitic amphibole with augite, ilmenite, magnetite, titanite (sphene) and accessory zircon and apatite. Major and trace elements indicate the rock crystallised from primitive alkaline magma, whereas the mineral assemblage indicates equilibration under amphibolite facies conditions at 5-9 kbar. Accessory mineral U-Pb Ti-Zr thermochronology by LA-ICP-MS on grain separates and in thin section reveals a T-t path that began with zircon crystallisation at 90±2 Ma (^{208}Pb-corrected 206Pb/238U, n=37, mswd=9.9) and 710±20°C (Ti-zircon geothermometer of Watson et al. 2006). Titanite dates (207Pb-corrected 206Pb/238U, n=49) and temperatures (Zr-titanite geothermometer of Hayden et al. 2006 at 7 kbar) form a linear array (r2=0.6) extending from 85 Ma, 830°C to 34 Ma, 760°C. The slope of this T-t array is inconsistent with diffusive loss of Pb and Zr from titanite (Cherniak, pers.comm.) and, together with REE data and reaction textures, indicates prolonged growth at the expense of plagioclase and ilmenite. Apatite U-Pb isotope data projected from the measured 207Pb/206Pb in plagioclase give a lower intercept age of 20±3 Ma (n=17, mswd=1.5) which overlaps the K-Ar age of the phonotephrite host lava (Coombs, pers.comm.). This remarkable xenolith records 1) crystallisation of alkaline mafic magma in the deep crust during early rifting of Zealandia from Gondwana around 90 Ma, 2) heating during continued lithospheric thinning 90-85 Ma, 3) slow cooling (?2°C/my) for 50 my following continental breakup at 85 Ma, and 4) transport to the surface and thermal quenching at 20 Ma. Slow cooling of the deep crust recorded in the xenolith titanites is in excellent agreement with evidence from southern Zealandia mid-crust (Ar thermochronology) and surface (Waipounamu erosion surface) for tectonothermal stability from 85-35 Ma.

Beinlich, A.; Palin, J.; Cooper, A. F.

2006-12-01

23

Redistribution of rare earth elements, thorium, and uranium over accessory minerals in the course of amphibolite to granulite facies metamorphism: The role of apatite and monazite in orthogneisses from southwestern Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amphibolite to granulite facies transition has been studied in a high-K calc-alkaline, hornblende-biotite, K-feldspar megacrystic augen gneiss series from the Rogaland-Vest-Agder (Rog-VA) sector of the Sveconorwegian province (southwest Norway). Hornblende begins to break down mainly to clinopyroxene at the Cpx-in isograd and biotite mainly to orthopyroxene at the Opx-in isograd (abbreviations for minerals following Kretz, 1983). The magmatic accessory

Bernard Bingen; Daniel Demaiffe; Jan Hertogen

1996-01-01

24

Fatigue properties for the fracture strength of columnar accessory minerals embedded within metamorphic tectonites: implications for stress magnitude in continental crust at the depth of the brittle-plastic transition zone  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1. Introduction Previous studies have compiled yield-strength profiles of continental lithosphere based on the results of laboratory measurements and numerical calculations; however, yield-strength values remain poorly constrained, especially at depths below the brittle-plastic transition zone. Recent studies by the authors have refined the microboudin technique for estimating palaeostress magnitude in the deep crust (> 10 km depth). This technique has the potential to provide important information on stress levels in the deep continental crust, an environment to which available in situ stress measurements and palaeopiezometric methods cannot be applied. In applying the microboudinage technique, obtaining an estimate of the palaeostress magnitude requires knowledge of the fracture strength of columnar accessory minerals (e.g., tourmaline, amphibole, and epidote) that are subjected to brittle fracturing during plastic deformation of the surrounding matrix minerals. The absolute magnitude of fracture strength is known to show a marked reduction in the case of fatigue fracture. Fatigue fracture falls into two categories: static fatigue and cyclic fatigue. In the field of experimental rock deformation, stress corrosion by water molecules (static fatigue) is commonly invoked as the mechanism of fatigue fracture; however, evidence of both static and cyclic fatigue has been reported from studies of natural geological samples. The present study focused on the fatigue properties of columnar accessory minerals at high temperatures, with the aim of improving the accuracy of estimates of natural palaeostress magnitude at depth in the crust. 2. Constant stress-rate test A constant stress-rate test was performed to determine the influence of static fatigue on the strength of columnar accessory minerals. The test was conducted under three-point bending with a span distance of 10 mm. Temperature conditions and the crosshead speed were set in the ranges of ambient to 600°C, and 0.0005 to 0.2 mm/min, respectively. Pressure and relative humidity were set to room conditions. Tourmaline was chosen for testing (as representative of columnar accessory minerals embedded within metamorphic tectonites) because this is the only mineral for which crystals are available of sufficient size and quality. A total of 120 prism-shaped tourmaline test pieces (dimensions, 2×2×12 mm) were prepared from a single tourmaline block collected from Minas Gerais, Brazil. The flexural strength of tourmaline shows a clear decrease with decreasing crosshead speed at ambient temperature (with n ? 15 as the static fatigue parameter); however, this trend weakens with increasing temperature (n > 50); that is, the influence of static fatigue on the strength of tourmaline decreases with increasing temperature. A comparable result has been reported for glass materials because of difficulties in the absorption of moisture on sample surfaces under high-temperature conditions. The fabric pattern of fracture planes developed in tourmaline specimens in the present study, which show rectilinear scratches, arrests, or Wallner lines on smooth surfaces, is similar to that observed for glass materials. 3. Fractography of naturally deformed minerals A ‘striation-like' pattern resulting from cyclic fatigue fracture was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of a natural fracture plane developed within marble-hosted amphibole. The sample was collected from the eastern flank of the Red River shear zone (Luc Yen district), northern Vietnam. The brittle fracturing of amphibole (open fractures were filled by calcite, which deforms plastically) is considered to have occurred at 6 km depth at 25 Ma, based on geological criteria. 4. Order of stress magnitude in continental crust at the depth of the brittle-plastic transition zone Assuming that the fracture behaviour of columnar accessory minerals during the development of microboudinage is independent of the mineral species, the above results raise the possibility that the fracturing of columnar accessory mineral

Kimura, N.; Iwashita, N.; Masuda, T.

2009-04-01

25

Matching Accessories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Heterodimerization enhances the complexity of ligand recognition and diversity of signaling responses of heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Many accessory proteins (for ion channels or GPCRs) appear to associate with their partners relatively early in the process whereby proteins are transported to the cell surface; their roles in modulating function may have evolved out of simple proximity to a protein that once upon a time they either facilitated or accompanied through the maturation process. The receptor activity-modifying proteins (RAMPs) are a family of single-transmembrane accessory proteins that heterodimerize with GPCRs and, thereby, allow individual GPCRs to recognize multiple ligands and to activate various signaling pathways in response to ligand binding. The M10 family of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class 1b proteins has recently been shown to associate with murine vomeronasal V2R receptors, as well as to escort them to the cell surface. The exact role of M10 in modulating V2R function (or vice versa) remains to be determined.

Steven M. Foord (Stevenage;Target Bioinformatics, GlaxoSmithKline Medicine Research Centre REV)

2003-07-08

26

Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

Minerals are important for your body to stay healthy. Your body uses minerals for many different jobs, including building bones, making ... regulating your heartbeat. There are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals are minerals your ...

27

Melt inclusions in rock-forming and accessory minerals of high-grade metamorphic rocks: Indicators of the nature and formation conditions of their protoliths  

Microsoft Academic Search

Segregations resembling melt inclusions (MI) are rather common in inclusions of mineral-forming substances from the rock-forming minerals of high-grade metamorphic rocks without signs of anatectic melting. Such inclusions were first noted by Khetchikov [1] who interpreted them as premetamorphic MIs that bear information on the nature of protoliths. Unfortunately, this discovery with a great scope for investigations into metamorphic geology

E. V. Tolmacheva; S. D. Velikoslavinsky; V. A. Glebovitsky; A. V. Antonov

2006-01-01

28

Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

... commercials for breakfast cereal always mention vitamins and minerals ? But when you think of minerals, food isn't the first thing that comes to mind. Aren't minerals something you find in the earth, like iron ...

29

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive lesson on minerals starts with a definition of minerals and compares crystalline and amorphous minerals. The composition is discussed and a chart shows the relative amounts of elements in minerals. Next, there is a discussion of the characteristics by which minerals are identified including luster, color, streak, hardness, and cleavage and fracture along with special properties such as magnetism. The characteristics of calcite, talc, hematite, magnetite, and galena are then observed.

30

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page is from James Madison University's Department of Geology and Environmental Science. It provides an introduction to minerals, an alphabetical list of minerals and dichotomous keys to identifying minerals in PDF. There are also links to other department pages on igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks.

Fichter, Lynn S.

2000-09-13

31

Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Create a poster about minerals! Directions: Make a poster about minerals. (20 points) Include at least (1) large picture (15 points) on your poster complete with labels of every part (10 points). (15 points) Include at least three (3) facts about minerals. (5 points each) (15 points) Write at ...

Walls, Mrs.

2011-01-30

32

Intrapancreatic accessory spleen.  

PubMed

A case of accessory spleen located in the tail of the pancreas in a stillbirth male foetus is reported. The congenital anomaly was revealed at autopsy. The intrapancreatic spleen was well demarcated and was composed of red and white pulp; however, same pancreatic ducts were intermingled with the splenic parenchyma. As well as the intrapancreatic lesion another minute accessory spleen was also found at the hilum of the proper organ. Since a lack of morphological features of trisomy 13 syndrome were found in the foetus, the ectopic spleens were regarded as incidental findings. PMID:22532185

Szumi?o, J; Fronczek, A; Bukharin, S; Burdan, F

2012-02-01

33

Relationship between metamorphism and ore formation at the Sukhoi Log gold deposit hosted in black slates from the data of U-Th-Pb isotopic SHRIMP-dating of accessory minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The formation conditions and age of the Sukhoi Log gold deposit are considered on the basis of new isotopic-geochemical data. The U-Pb isotopic study of zircon and monazite from high-grade ore and host black slates at the Sukhoi Log deposit was carried out with SIMS technique using a SHRIMP II instrument. Two generations of monazite are distinguished on the basis of optical and scanning electron microscopy, cathodoluminescence, and micro X-ray spectroscopy. Monazite I is characterized by black opaque porphyroblasts with microinclusions of minerals pertaining to metamorphic slates and structural attributes of pre- and synkinematic formation. Monazite II occurs only within the ore zone as transparent crystals practically free of inclusions and as rims around monazite I. The REE contents are widely variable in both generations. Porphyroblastic monazite I differs in low U and Th (0.01-0.7 wt % ThO2) contents, whereas transparent monazite II contains up to 4 wt % ThO2. The average weighted U-Pb isotopic age of monazite I is 650 ± 8.1 Ma (MSWD = 1.6; n = 9) and marks the time of metamorphism or catagenesis. The U-Pb age estimates of synore monazite II cover the interval of 486 ± 18 to 439 ± 17 Ma. Zircons of several populations from 0.5 to 2.6 Ga in age are contained in the ore. Most detrital zircon grains have porous outer rims composed of zircon and less frequent xenotime with numerous inclusions of minerals derived from slates. The peaks of 206Pb/238U ages in the most abundant zircon populations fall on 570 and 630 Ma and correspond to the age of newly formed metamorphic mineral phases. The discordant isotopic ages indicate that the U-ThPb isotopic system of ancient detrital zircons was disturbed 470-440 Ma ago in agreement with isotopic age of monazite II and the Rb-Sr whole -rock isochron age of black slates (447 ± 6 Ma). The new data confirm the superimposed character of the gold-quartz-sulfide mineralization at the deposit. Black shales of the Khomolkho Formation of the Bodaibo Synclinorium were affected by metamorphism over a long period; the peaks of metamorphism and catagenesis are dated at 570 and 650-630 Ma. The high-temperature ore formation was probably related to a hidden granitic pluton emplaced 450-440 Ma ago, that is, 200 Ma later than the events of greenschist metamorphism. Hercynian granitoid magmatism (320-270 Ma) did not exert a substantial effect on the U-Th-Pb isotopic system in accessory minerals from the ore and could not have been a major source of ore-forming fluids.

Yudovskaya, M. A.; Distler, V. V.; Rodionov, N. V.; Mokhov, A. V.; Antonov, A. V.; Sergeev, S. A.

2011-02-01

34

Double accessory tongue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors report a case of double accessory tongue in a female neonate. The embryology of this extremely rare congenital anomaly, along with the diagnostic approach followed and the surgical intervention undertaken, are discussed. The surgical procedure was radical and led to good functional and esthetic results.

F. S. Chiarenza; A. D'Alessio; S. De Pascale; M. Cheli; C. Giardina; G. Rota; D. Schievano; G. Locatelli

1994-01-01

35

Crystallization of accessory phases in magmas by local saturation adjacent to phenocrysts  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Accessory minerals commonly occur attached to or included in the major crystalline phases of felsic and some intermediate igneous rocks. Apatite is particularly common as inclusions, but Fe-Ti oxides, pyrrhotite, zircon, monazite, chevkinite and xenotime are also known from silicic rocks. Accessories may nucleate near the host crystal/ liquid interface as a result of local saturation owing to formation of a differentiated chemical boundary layer in which accessory mineral solubility would be lower than in the surrounding liquid. Differentiation of this boundary layer would be greatest adjacent to ferromagnesian phenocrysts, especially Fe-Ti oxides; it is with oxides that accessories are most commonly associated in rocks. A boundary layer may develop if the crystal grows more rapidly than diffusion can transport incorporated and rejected elements to and from the phenocryst. Diffusion must dominate over convection as a mode of mass transfer near the advancing crystal/liquid interface in order for a boundary layer to exist. Accumulation of essential structural constituent elements of accessory minerals owing to their slow diffusion in evolved silicate melt also may force local saturation, but this is not a process that applies to all cases. Local saturation is an attractive mechanism for enhancing fractionation during crystallization differentiation. If accessory minerals attached to or included in phenocrysts formed because of local saturation, their host phenocrysts must have grown rapidly when accessories nucleated in comparison to lifetimes of magma reservoirs. Some inconsistencies remain in a local saturation origin for accessory phases that cannot be evaluated without additional information. ?? 1989.

Bacon, C. R.

1989-01-01

36

Aircraft-Engine-Accessory Vibration  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. The overhang-moment limit, or still better a limit on the moment of inertia of the accessory about a line through the center of the accessory mounting surface, would be helpful by limiting one of the two factors which control the natural frequency of the accessory-rear-cover combination. However, the natural frequency is the factor of prime importance, and, if control

John Tyler

1944-01-01

37

Accessory apartment conversion programs.  

PubMed

In recent years, state housing finance agencies have joined with state units on aging to develop programs to help the frail, elderly homeowner. Under an accessory apartment conversion program, a low-income homeowner will borrow money at a reduced interest rate to underwrite conversion of excess space into a rental apartment. The tenant will provide additional income as well as, ideally, certain kinds of personal assistance and a friendly presence. To date, few elderly clients have used this option. The initial rationale for the program is explained as are plausible reasons for the fact that it has not met expectations. PMID:10186784

Retsinas, J; Retsinas, N P

1991-01-01

38

Mechanical Accessories for Mobile Teleoperators.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The choice of optimum mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators involves matching the criteria for emergency response with the available technology. This paper presents a general background to teleoperations, a potpourri of the manipulator systems a...

M. J. Feldman J. N. Herndon

1985-01-01

39

Accessory drive for a turbine engine  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes, in combination: a radial flow turbine engine having a main shaft and a casing with air inlets open radially at one end, and an accessory drive comprising: an accessory housing positioned axially adjacent the one end of the turbine engine casing, a gear ring rotatably mounted within the accessory housing, means for mechanically drivingly connecting the gear ring to the turbine main shaft, the connecting means comprising a planetary gear arrangement contained in the accessory housing, the accessory housing having apertures open to the gear ring and circumferentially spaced from each other, at least one accessory having a driven gear, and means for mounting the at least one accessory to the accessory housing so that the accessory registers with one of the plurality of apertures and so that the gear ring meshes with the driven gear, wherein each aperture is adapted for connection with a separate accessory.

Brogdon, J.W.; Allen, K.D.; Barton, J.S.; Hicks, R.J.

1987-02-03

40

Accessory pathway reciprocating tachycardia.  

PubMed

Patients who have an accessory pathway (AP) of atrioventricular (AV) conduction may develop circus movement tachycardia otherwise known as atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (AVRT). Orthodromic AVRT is the most common form. It occurs as a result of antegrade conduction through the normal AV conduction system and retrograde conduction to the atria via the AP. Less commonly, conduction occurs in the opposite direction resulting in antidromic AVRT. Tachycardia may also involve multiple APs which may provide both antegrade and retrograde conduction and may alternate antegradely or retrogradely. Tachycardia may occur in which the AP simply acts as a bystander, and does not participate in the tachycardia mechanism. When atrial fibrillation is conducted to the ventricles via and AP, the resultant ventricular rate may be extremely rapid, placing the patient at risk of developing ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest. This paper reviews the anatomical and physiological substrates involved in the pathogenesis of AVRT. The acute and long-term management of patients who suffer from these arrhythmias will then be discussed. The normal AV annulus is composed exclusively of electrically inert fibrous tissue. The AV node and His bundle normally act as the sole route of electrical conduction. Accessory pathways occur at all points along the AV ring, and usually occur as isolated abnormalities, although a proportion of patients have associated congenital abnormalities. This is particularly true of right-sided APs. Most APs exhibit non-decremental conduction properties, and conduct faster than normal AV conduction tissue. In many patients with APs the surface ECG reveals clear evidence of pre-excitation, and a good idea of pathway localization is possible using one or more of several algorithms which have been developed. Patients with latent pre-excitation, intermittent pre-excitation, and patients with concealed APs have not evidence of pre-excitation on a proportion or all of Their surface ECGs. Patients present with a history of paroxysmal palpitations, often with associated symptoms such as chest discomfort Syncope is a rare presenting symptom. Unless bundle branch block is present, patients with orthodromic AVRT exhibit a narrow complex tachycardia on the surface ECG. Patients with pre-excited tachycardia including antidromic AVRT, and other forms of SVT in which the AP conducts to the ventricles as a bystander but does not participate in the tachycardias mechanism, present as broad complex tachycardias on the surface ECG which may be difficult to distinguish from ventricular tachycardia. Adenosine is increasingly used for this purpose since it is highly efficacious and has an extremely short half-life. Adenosine is also very useful in the diagnosis of broad-complex tachycardia, and in unmasking latent pre-excitation during sinus rhythm. Electrophysiology study in these patients is frequently performed at the same time as an attempt at catheter ablation; it aims to diagnose, localize and determine the functional characteristics of an AP, and to characterize the role of the pathway in tachycardia. AVRT can be reliably terminated by effective AV nodal blockade. Drug therapy for the prevention of AVRT is useful for temporary control whilst awaiting more definitive measures and in certain cases as long-term management. No class of drug stands out as 'therapy of choice', and physician preference, pro-arrhythmic effects and associated conditions need to be taken into account such that an individual choice can be made in each patient. The management of patients with AVRT has been revolutionized in recent years with the advent of catheter-based techniques for their cure. Whilst this method of treatment is highly effective and has low complication rates, pathways in particular locations such as the septal region remain challenging. PMID:9717020

Obel, O A; Camm, A J

1998-05-01

41

Evaluation of Accessory Materials for Desalination Plants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Test results on accessory coatings, sealants, and polymeric products are presented. This was one part of a five-part investigation to evaluate concrete and accessory materials under a variety of temperature-pressure-salinity conditions encountered in a se...

B. V. Jones V. L. Kuehn W. R. Morrison

1973-01-01

42

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Microscopes and accessories. 864.3600 Section...Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a) Identification. Microscopes and accessories are optical...

2010-04-01

43

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Microscopes and accessories. 864.3600 Section...Instrumentation and Accessories § 864.3600 Microscopes and accessories. (a) Identification. Microscopes and accessories are optical...

2009-04-01

44

Teaching Techniques for Accessory Percussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Everyone is familiar with the main percussion instruments of the contemporary orchestra: bass drum, snare drum, suspended cymbal, vibraphone, and timpani. But as source material broadens, so do the demands placed on the percussion section. Accessory, or auxiliary percussion, can make the difference between a typical rendition of a well-known…

Micallef, Ken

2007-01-01

45

Accessory origin of the piriformis muscle.  

PubMed

Incidental finding of an accessory slip of the piriformis muscle in the gluteal region is reported. Following routine dissection of the gluteal region in three formalin-fixed cadavers, an accessory slip of the piriformis was observed. The accessory slip was cleaned, attachments were identified, and dimensions were measured in two parts as fleshy and tendinous parts with a graduated scale to the nearest millimetre. The accessory slip was innervated by a small twig from the sciatic nerve. Having considered the available literature, the accessory slip of piriformis is rare, and if found, could be a cause for the undiagnosed chronic pain in the back and gluteal region, as this accessory slip may compress the sciatic nerve. PMID:18756338

Ravindranath, Y; Manjunath, K Y; Ravindranath, R

2008-08-01

46

The Accessory Genome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa  

PubMed Central

Summary: Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains exhibit significant variability in pathogenicity and ecological flexibility. Such interstrain differences reflect the dynamic nature of the P. aeruginosa genome, which is composed of a relatively invariable “core genome” and a highly variable “accessory genome.” Here we review the major classes of genetic elements comprising the P. aeruginosa accessory genome and highlight emerging themes in the acquisition and functional importance of these elements. Although the precise phenotypes endowed by the majority of the P. aeruginosa accessory genome have yet to be determined, rapid progress is being made, and a clearer understanding of the role of the P. aeruginosa accessory genome in ecology and infection is emerging.

Kung, Vanderlene L.; Ozer, Egon A.; Hauser, Alan R.

2010-01-01

47

21 CFR 890.5925 - Traction accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Therapeutic Devices § 890.5925 Traction accessory. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

48

Engine starter and accessory drive system  

SciTech Connect

An engine starter and accessory drive system is described which consists of: an accessory drive means; a planetary gearset having a sun gear driveably connected to the accessory drive means, a ring gear, a carrier and planet pinions rotatably mounted on the carrier, fixed to the engine crankshaft, meshing with the sun gear and with the ring gear; means for holding the ring gear against rotation; and a starter motor and first clutch means for providing a one-way driving connection between the motor and the accessory drive means.

Stockton, T.R.

1986-10-07

49

Pitfall of the accessory spleen.  

PubMed

Two patients, one with insulinoma and one with Cushing's syndrome, are presented. Biochemical evaluation readily suggested the correct diagnosis. During radiologic imaging, the anatomic abnormality giving rise to these diseases, i.e. a pancreatic islet cell tumor, and an adrenal adenoma, at first were mistakenly interpreted as an accessory spleen on the basis of specific computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging appearances. The insulinoma was identified as such during laparotomy, whereas additional jodo-cholesterol scintigraphy revealed the real nature of the lesion in the patient with Cushing's syndrome. Both patients were operated successfully. PMID:10727761

Sels, J P; Wouters, R M; Lamers, R; Wolffenbuttel, B H

2000-04-01

50

Mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators  

SciTech Connect

The choice of optimum mechanical accessories for mobile teleoperators involves matching the criteria for emergency response with the available technology. This paper presents a general background to teleoperations, a potpourri of the manipulator systems available, and an argument for force reflecting manipulation. The theme presented is that the accomplishment of humanlike endeavors in hostile environments will be most successful when man model capabilities are utilized. The application of recent electronic technology to manipulator development has made new tools available to be applied to emergency response activities. The development activities described are products of the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. 13 refs., 7 figs.

Feldman, M.J.; Herndon, J.N.

1985-01-01

51

Three Accessories for a Rotating Platform.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes three accessories developed to be used in conjunction with the rotating platform or turntable. Three demonstrations using these accessories are included. These demonstrations are: (a) conservation of angular momentum; (b) gravity-defying goblets; and (c) direct measurement of centripetal force. (HM)|

Riley, James A.; Fryer, Oscar G.

1980-01-01

52

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive Demonstration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A Controlled Speed Accessory Drive System was examined in an effort to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars. Concept feasibility and the performance of a typical system during actual road driving conditions were demonstrated. The CSAD system is desc...

F. W. Hoehn

1981-01-01

53

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification...suspension sling, head and trunk support, and blanket and leg rest strap. (b) Classification. Class I...

2006-04-01

54

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification...suspension sling, head and trunk support, and blanket and leg rest strap. (b) Classification. Class I...

2008-04-01

55

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification...suspension sling, head and trunk support, and blanket and leg rest strap. (b) Classification. Class I...

2005-04-01

56

21 CFR 890.3910 - Wheelchair accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MEDICAL DEVICES PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3910 Wheelchair accessory. (a) Identification...suspension sling, head and trunk support, and blanket and leg rest strap. (b) Classification. Class I...

2013-04-01

57

Accessory subunits of mitochondrial complex I.  

PubMed

Mitochondrial complex I has a molecular mass of almost 1 MDa and comprises more than 40 polypeptides. Fourteen central subunits harbour the bioenergetic core functions. We are only beginning to understand the significance of the numerous accessory subunits. The present review addresses the role of accessory subunits for assembly, stability and regulation of complex I and for cellular functions not directly associated with redox-linked proton translocation. PMID:24059519

Kmita, Katarzyna; Zickermann, Volker

2013-10-01

58

Gamma probe-confirmed laparoscopic accessory splenectomy.  

PubMed

The simultaneous occurrence of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and Hodgkin's disease in the same patient is uncommon. There have been only a limited number of reported cases of newly diagnosed ITP following Hodgkin's disease. Even more uncommon is the development of ITP after splenectomy for Hodgkin's disease. Of the reported cases of ITP following splenectomy for Hodgkin's disease, all have been successfully treated with medical therapy. We report an unusual case of an accessory spleen causing ITP in a patient who had undergone a splenectomy for Hodgkin's disease 10 years earlier. The patient underwent hand-held gamma-probe-assisted laparoscopic accessory splenectomy. PMID:12296313

Hendrickson, R J; Koniaris, L G; Kovach, S J; Johnson, J A

2002-09-01

59

21 CFR 884.6120 - Assisted reproduction accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Assisted reproduction accessories. 884.6120...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED...GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6120 Assisted reproduction accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

60

21 CFR 884.6120 - Assisted reproduction accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Assisted reproduction accessories. 884.6120...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED...GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6120 Assisted reproduction accessories. (a)...

2009-04-01

61

19 CFR 10.456 - Accessories, spare parts or tools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY ARTICLES CONDITIONALLY FREE, SUBJECT TO A REDUCED RATE, ETC. United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement Rules of Origin § 10.456 Accessories, spare parts or tools. Accessories, spare parts...

2013-04-01

62

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878.3925 ...MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories. (a)...

2009-04-01

63

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878.3925 ...MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories. (a)...

2010-04-01

64

21 CFR 884.6120 - Assisted reproduction accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Assisted reproduction accessories. 884.6120 Section...OBSTETRICAL AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6120 Assisted reproduction accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

65

21 CFR 884.5350 - Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. 884...Therapeutic Devices § 884.5350 Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. (a) Identification. A contraceptive diaphragm is a closely...

2010-04-01

66

21 CFR 884.5350 - Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. 884...Therapeutic Devices § 884.5350 Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. (a) Identification. A contraceptive diaphragm is a closely...

2009-04-01

67

21 CFR 884.5350 - Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. 884...Therapeutic Devices § 884.5350 Contraceptive diaphragm and accessories. (a) Identification. A contraceptive diaphragm is a closely...

2013-04-01

68

21 CFR 890.3025 - Prosthetic and orthotic accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. 890.3025 Section...PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3025 Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. (a)...

2010-04-01

69

21 CFR 890.3025 - Prosthetic and orthotic accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. 890.3025 Section...PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3025 Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. (a)...

2013-04-01

70

21 CFR 890.3025 - Prosthetic and orthotic accessory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. 890.3025 Section...PHYSICAL MEDICINE DEVICES Physical Medicine Prosthetic Devices § 890.3025 Prosthetic and orthotic accessory. (a)...

2009-04-01

71

21 CFR 884.2960 - Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. 884...Devices § 884.2960 Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric ultrasonic transducer is a device used to...

2010-04-01

72

21 CFR 884.2660 - Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. 884...Monitoring Devices § 884.2660 Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. A fetal ultrasonic monitor is a device designed to...

2010-04-01

73

21 CFR 884.2960 - Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. 884...Devices § 884.2960 Obstetric ultrasonic transducer and accessories. (a) Identification. An obstetric ultrasonic transducer is a device used to...

2009-04-01

74

21 CFR 884.2660 - Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. 884...Monitoring Devices § 884.2660 Fetal ultrasonic monitor and accessories. (a) Identification. A fetal ultrasonic monitor is a device designed to...

2009-04-01

75

21 CFR 872.6010 - Abrasive device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessories. (a) Identification. An abrasive device and accessories is a device constructed of various abrasives, such as diamond chips, that are glued to shellac-based paper. The device is intended to remove excessive restorative materials,...

2013-04-01

76

21 CFR 872.6250 - Dental chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false Dental chair and accessories. 872...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6250 Dental chair and accessories....

2013-04-01

77

21 CFR 878.3925 - Plastic surgery kit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Plastic surgery kit and accessories. 878...CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 878.3925 Plastic surgery kit and accessories....

2013-04-01

78

Bilateral spinal accessory nerve palsy after rhytidectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 64-year-old patient experienced palsy of the right spinal accessory nerve after rhytidectomy. She was evaluated 6 months after surgery for unexplained shoulder pain and weakness since the procedure. Electrophysiological testing showed bilateral spinal nerve palsy without abnormalities in the other shoulder nerves. The electrophysiological findings supported entrapment as the mechanism, rather than nerve section or pure axonal disease due to

Paul Seror; Henri Lellouche

2006-01-01

79

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive Demonstration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One phase of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) effort to improve the fuel economy of passenger cars has been the investigation of a Controlled Speed Accessory Drive (CSAD) System. The objective of this specific program, initiated by DOE in association w...

F. W. Hoehn

1981-01-01

80

21 CFR 878.4960 - Operating tables and accessories and operating chairs and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4960 Operating tables and accessories...components, intended for use during diagnostic examinations or surgical procedures to support and position a patient. (b)...

2013-04-01

81

21 CFR 878.4950 - Manual operating table and accessories and manual operating chair and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4950 Manual operating table and accessories...used to support a patient during diagnostic examinations or surgical procedures. (b) Classification. Class I...

2013-04-01

82

Detection of accessory spleens with indium 111-labeled autologous platelets  

SciTech Connect

In two patients with recurrent immune thrombocytopenia, accessory splenic tissue was demonstrated by radionuclide imaging following administration of indium 111-labeled autologous platelets. In one of these patients, no accessory splenic tissue was seen on images obtained with technetium 99m sulfur colloid. This new technique provides a simple means for demonstrating accessory spleens and simultaneously evaluating the life-span of autologous platelets.

Davis, H.H., II; Varki, A.; Heaton, W.A.; Siegel, B.A.

1980-01-01

83

Accessories to the crime: Recent advances in HIV accessory protein biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in understanding the roles of the lentiviral accessory proteins have provided fascinating insight into the\\u000a molecular biology of the virus and uncovered previously unappreciated innate immune mechanisms by which the host defends itself.\\u000a HIV-1 and other lentiviruses have developed accessory proteins that counterattack the antiviral defenses in a sort of evolutionary\\u000a battle. The virus is remarkably adept at

Thomas Gramberg; Nicole Sunseri; Nathaniel R. Landau

2009-01-01

84

Evidence for distinct stages of magma history recorded by the compositions of accessory apatite and zircon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accessory minerals contain a robust and accessible record of magma evolution. However, they may reflect relatively late-stage conditions in the history of the host magmas. In the normally zoned Criffell granitic pluton (Scotland), whole-rock (WR) compositions reflect open system assimilation and fractional crystallisation at depths of >11 km, whereas amphibole barometry and the absence of inherited zircon suggest that the observed mineral assemblages crystallised following emplacement of magmas with little or no crystal cargo at depths of 4-6 km. The crystallisation history is documented by large trace-element variations amongst apatite crystals from within individual samples: decreasing LREE and Th concentrations in apatite crystals from metaluminous samples reflect broadly synchronous crystallisation of allanite, whereas lower LREE and Th, and more negative Nd anomalies in apatites from peraluminous samples reflect the effects of monazite crystallisation. WR evolution is likely to have occurred within a deep crustal hot zone where H2O-rich (~6 wt%), low-viscosity magmas segregated and ascended adiabatically in a super-liquidus state, leading to resorption of most entrained crystals. Stalling, emplacement and crystallisation resulted from intersection with the H2O-saturated liquidus at ~4 km. H2O contents are as important as temperature in the development of super-liquidus magmas during ascent, blurring distinctions between apparently `hot' and `cold' granites. The trace-element contents of most accessory minerals are controlled by competitive crystallisation of other accessory minerals in small melt batches, consistent with the incremental assembly of large granitic plutons.

Miles, A. J.; Graham, C. M.; Hawkesworth, C. J.; Gillespie, M. R.; Hinton, R. W.

2013-07-01

85

Accessory cell function of Th2 clones.  

PubMed

We have investigated the ability of T helper clones to serve as accessory cells and in the presence of mitogen activate freshly-isolated, splenic T cells. In this type of costimulatory assay, the Th cells that secrete IL-4 but not the Th cells that secrete IL-2 function as AC to induce T cell proliferation in the presence of various T cell mitogens (Con A, anti-CD3 mAb, anti-TCR mAb, and anti-Thy-1 mAb). The signal provided by the accessory Th2 cells occurred independently of MHC restriction, and the analysis of dose-response curves showed the involvement of a single stimulator cell. CD4, as well as CD8 expressing splenic T cells were induced to proliferate by the Th2 clones and mitogen, but mAb specific for CD4 or CD8 failed to affect the response. These findings indicate that cloned Th2 cells functioned as accessory cells and induced naive T cells to proliferate in the presence of mitogen. PMID:2528580

Evavold, B D; Quintans, J

1989-09-15

86

21 CFR 870.4200 - Cardiopulmonary bypass accessory equipment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES CARDIOVASCULAR DEVICES Cardiovascular Surgical Devices § 870.4200 Cardiopulmonary bypass accessory equipment. (a) Identification. Cardiopulmonary...

2013-04-01

87

HIV-1 Accessory Proteins: Vpu and Vif.  

PubMed

HIV-1 Vif and Vpu are accessory factors involved in late stages of viral replication. Vif regulates viral infectivity by preventing virion incorporation of APOBEC3G and other members of the family of cytidine deaminases, while Vpu causes degradation of CD4 and promotes virus release by functionally inactivating the host factor BST-2. This chapter described techniques used for the characterization of Vif and Vpu and their functional interaction with host factors. Many of the techniques are, however, applicable to the functional analysis of other viral proteins. PMID:24158820

Andrew, Amy; Strebel, Klaus

2014-01-01

88

Accessory cell populations in the cornea.  

PubMed

According to the "classical" doctrine, resident cells of the cornea include the stratified epithelial cells, quiescent keratocytes, and a single layer of nondividing endothelial cells. However, it has become increasingly evident that other cell types are involved in the homeostasis of the cornea. The presence of various cell types from different lineages has raised concern among researchers as to what we are actually "seeing" in the cornea. Although definitive conclusions cannot yet be drawn, this review attempts to clarify the various accessory cell types reported in the human and murine cornea. The epithelial layer of the limbal area includes melanocytes, as well as antigen-presenting cells that are also present in the peripheral clear cornea. The most debated tissue currently is perhaps the corneal stroma, where resident keratocytes are not as large a population as was previously believed. Bone marrow-derived cells are found in the cornea, and these may not express the typical HLA molecules usually found on the surface of antigen-presenting cells. Nerve fibers extend though the superficial stroma to form a plexus beneath the epithelium. Although the cell body of the neuron itself is not in the cornea, neural glial cells, such as Schwann cells, are present in the stroma. The use of specific molecular markers and high-quality imaging techniques will be required to fully elucidate the various accessory cells of the cornea and their function. PMID:16681078

Shimmura, Shigeto; Kawakita, Tetsuya

2006-04-01

89

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments...4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments...Identification. Surgical instrument motors and accessories are AC-powered...osteotome), dermabrasion brush, dermatome, drill bit,...

2009-04-01

90

49 CFR 178.255-7 - Protection of valves and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Protection of valves and accessories. 178.255-7 Section 178...Portable Tanks § 178.255-7 Protection of valves and accessories. (a) All valves, fittings, accessories, safety...

2011-10-01

91

New Genes for Male Accessory Gland Proteins in Drosophila melanogaster  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory gland of male insects produces components of the seminal fluid that alter the behavior, physiology and life span of the mated female, and contribute to her efficient storage and utilization of sperm. As a step towards understanding how this occurs, we have isolated genes encoding 12 previously unreported accessory gland-specific mRNAs from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. We

Mariana F. Wolfner; Heidi A. Harada; Michael J. Bertram; Thomas J. Stelick; Kevin W. Kraus; John M. Kalb; Y. Oliver Lung; Deborah M. Neubaum; Morgan Park; Uyen Tram

1997-01-01

92

Unusual insidious spinal accessory nerve palsy: a case report  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: Isolated spinal accessory nerve dysfunction has a major detrimental impact on the functional performance of the shoulder girdle, and is a well-documented complication of surgical procedures in the posterior triangle of the neck. To the best of our knowledge, the natural course and the most effective way of handling spontaneous spinal accessory nerve palsy has been described in only

Ioannis N Charopoulos; Nikolas Hadjinicolaou; Ioannis Aktselis; George P Lyritis; Nikolaos Papaioannou; Constantinos Kokoroghiannis

2010-01-01

93

Genes for Male Accessory Gland Proteins in Drosophila Melanogaster.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The present invention provides a number of accessory gland proteins from Drosophila. The invention also provides an accessory gland protein which is toxic to insect cells and can be used to kill or inhibit the development of insects. Methods of controllin...

K. U. Tram M. F. Wolfner O. Lung

2005-01-01

94

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories. 876...GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories....

2013-04-01

95

Perineal Accessory Scrotum with Congenital Lipoma: A Rare Case Report  

PubMed Central

A case of accessory scrotum in a 1-year-old boy is reported because of its rarity. A boy presented with a tumor mass attached with scrotum-like skin on its tip in the right side of perineum between the scrotum and anus. Both testes had descended into the scrotum. There was no other urological anomaly. Histological findings of the tumor indicated perineal lipoma, and the scrotum-like portion accessory scrotum. An overview of sequences during the normal development of male external genitalia has been provided and the deranged mechanism resulting in this anomaly has been reviewed with hypothesis regarding etiology of accessory scrotum.

Chatterjee, Souvik; Gajbhiye, Vishal; Nath, Sasanka; Ghosh, Dipak; Chattopadhyay, Sarbani; Das, Sukanta Kumar

2012-01-01

96

Accessory spleens: Clinical significance with particular reference to the recurrence of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the important stages during splenectomy is the search for accessory spleens. The average frequency of accessory spleens is an estimated 11%. In our own material in 611 patients who had splenectomy in hematological disorders, accessory spleens were found in 110 patients (18%). The surgical anatomy, embryology, and clinical significance of the accessory spleens, with particular reference to the

Witold J. Rudowski

1985-01-01

97

Mineral Animation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site will help you to learn minerals! This module has two modes: an overview that takes you through some of the fundamentals of minerals and an interactive model that allows you to build your own virtual minerals.

2010-01-01

98

21 CFR 864.3600 - Microscopes and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessories (through a change in the light source) used for medical purposes include...that fluoresce under ultraviolet light. (3) Inverted stage microscopes...contained in bottles or tubes with the light source mounted above the specimen....

2013-04-01

99

21 CFR 884.2700 - Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Gynecological Monitoring Devices § 884.2700 Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories...a) Identification. An intrauterine pressure monitor is a device designed to detect and measure intrauterine and amniotic fluid...

2010-04-01

100

21 CFR 884.2700 - Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Gynecological Monitoring Devices § 884.2700 Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories...a) Identification. An intrauterine pressure monitor is a device designed to detect and measure intrauterine and amniotic fluid...

2013-04-01

101

21 CFR 884.2700 - Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Gynecological Monitoring Devices § 884.2700 Intrauterine pressure monitor and accessories...a) Identification. An intrauterine pressure monitor is a device designed to detect and measure intrauterine and amniotic fluid...

2009-04-01

102

Giant Accessory Right-Sided Suprarenal Spleen in Thalassaemia  

PubMed Central

An accessory spleen is defined as ectopic splenic tissue that develops due to failure of fusion of cells during embryonic development as they migrate from the midline to the left upper quadrant. While benign, complications may arise which include trauma, torsion, or infarction of the ectopic tissue. Additionally, patients who have had a splenectomy secondary to treatment for previous pathology such as a haematological malignancy or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura may experience persistent symptoms due to the accessory splenic tissue. The presence of an accessory spleen is therefore of significant diagnostic and therapeutic importance. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this case is the second and largest reported case of a giant right suprarenal accessory spleen and highlights the difficulty in differentiation of these masses from malignant adrenal tumours.

Arra, A.; Ramdass, Michael J.; Mohammed, A.; Okoye, O.; Thomas, D.; Barrow, S.

2013-01-01

103

21 CFR 872.6640 - Dental operative unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-04-01 false Dental operative unit and accessories...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6640 Dental operative unit and...

2009-04-01

104

21 CFR 872.6640 - Dental operative unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-04-01 false Dental operative unit and accessories...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6640 Dental operative unit and...

2010-04-01

105

21 CFR 868.5860 - Pressure tubing and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES ANESTHESIOLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 868.5860 Pressure tubing and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

106

21 CFR 876.5980 - Gastrointestinal tube and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...gastro-urological irrigation tray (for gastrological use). (b) Classification. (1) Class II (special controls). The barium enema retention catheter and tip with or without a bag that is a gastrointestinal tube and accessory is exempt from the...

2013-04-01

107

21 CFR 876.5250 - Urine collector and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...device intended to collect urine. The device and accessories consist of tubing, a suitable receptacle, connectors, mechanical supports, and may include a means to prevent the backflow of urine or ascent of infection. The two kinds of urine...

2013-04-01

108

Accessory parotid gland lesions: case report and review of literature.  

PubMed

There are numerous causes for chronic cheek swelling, including masseteric hypertrophy, lymphadenopathy, diffuse inflammatory changes and neoplasia. We report an unusual case of a recurrent swelling as the result of sialolithiasis of an accessory parotid gland, which lay isolated from the main parotid gland along the Stensen's duct. The calculi developed in the accessory salivary tissue whereas all major salivary glands presented without sialolithiasis. Clinical findings as well as imaging results are shown and surgical management and histopathology are discussed. Hereby, for the first time we report a case with multiple calculi in an accessory parotid gland removed via a standard parotid incision. Further to this, we give a comprehensive review of literature on accessory parotid gland lesions. PMID:18193255

Stenner, M; Preuss, S F; Hüttenbrink, K-B; Klussmann, J P

2008-01-11

109

21 CFR 878.4700 - Surgical microscope and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4700 Surgical...accessories is an AC-powered device intended for use during surgery to provide a magnified view of the surgical...

2013-04-01

110

21 CFR 878.1800 - Speculum and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Diagnostic Devices § 878.1800 Speculum and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

111

21 CFR 878.4160 - Surgical camera and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4160 Surgical camera and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

112

21 CFR 876.5010 - Biliary catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5010 Biliary catheter and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

113

21 CFR 876.5130 - Urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5130 Urological catheter and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

114

21 CFR 876.4890 - Urological table and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4890 Urological table and accessories. (a) Identification. A...

2013-04-01

115

21 CFR 876.5090 - Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5090 Suprapubic urological catheter and accessories. (a)...

2013-04-01

116

21 CFR 876.5540 - Blood access device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5540 Blood access device and accessories. (a) Identification....

2013-04-01

117

21 CFR 884.4120 - Gynecologic electrocautery and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tissue contact with an electrically heated probe. It is used to excise cervical lesions, perform biopsies, or treat chronic cervicitis under direct visual observation. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: an electrical...

2010-04-01

118

21 CFR 884.4120 - Gynecologic electrocautery and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...tissue contact with an electrically heated probe. It is used to excise cervical lesions, perform biopsies, or treat chronic cervicitis under direct visual observation. This generic type of device may include the following accessories: an electrical...

2009-04-01

119

21 CFR 872.3980 - Endosseous dental implant accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Prosthetic Devices § 872.3980 Endosseous dental implant accessories. (a) Identification. Endosseous dental...

2013-04-01

120

21 CFR 876.5900 - Ostomy pouch and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...material or urine following an ileostomy, colostomy, or ureterostomy (a surgically created opening of the small intestine, large intestine, or the ureter on the surface of the body). This generic type of device and its accessories...

2013-04-01

121

21 CFR 872.4200 - Dental handpiece and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Surgical Devices § 872.4200 Dental handpiece and accessories. (a) Identification. A dental handpiece and...

2013-04-01

122

21 CFR 872.4920 - Dental electrosurgical unit and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Surgical Devices § 872.4920 Dental electrosurgical unit and accessories...intended to cut or remove soft tissue or to control bleeding during surgical procedures in the oral cavity. An electrical current...

2013-04-01

123

Controlled Speed Accessory Drive Program: Programmatic Environmental Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document is a programmatic environmental assessment of the Department of Energy's Controlled Speed Accessory Drive (CSAD) program and alternatives. Its purpose is to evaluate CSAD alternatives to assure that environmental priorities are considered at...

1980-01-01

124

Epicardial electric shock ablation of the left lateral accessory pathway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty patients with drug-resistant, recurrent tachyarrhythmias causing Wolff—Parkinson—White syndrome underwent surgery between 1990 and 1992. All recognized surgical methods for accessory pathway destruction were performed. Epicardial electric shock ablation was first used as a method of surgically destroying an accessory atrioventricular pathway in 1983. This technique avoids the need for cardioplegia and hypothermia during operation. The procedure is based on

K. Suwalski; M. Pytkowski; P. ?elazny; D. Wojciechowski; E. Sitkowska; Z. Sadowski; W. Sitkowski

1995-01-01

125

Choosing the correct accessory for each stoma type: an update.  

PubMed

There are many people with a stoma that report a good quality of life. However, for many, problems can be encountered that can directly affect them. The use of a stoma accessory, in addition to the stoma appliance, can often benefit people with a stoma in relation to treating sore skin or preventing appliances from leakage. This article focuses on some of the more common stoma accessories, including when and why they should be used. PMID:24037328

Burch, Jennie

2013-09-12

126

Accessory parotid gland lesions: case report and review of literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are numerous causes for chronic cheek swelling, including masseteric hypertrophy, lymphadenopathy, diffuse inflammatory\\u000a changes and neoplasia. We report an unusual case of a recurrent swelling as the result of sialolithiasis of an accessory parotid\\u000a gland, which lay isolated from the main parotid gland along the Stensen’s duct. The calculi developed in the accessory salivary\\u000a tissue whereas all major salivary

M. Stenner; S. F. Preuss; K.-B. Hüttenbrink; J. P. Klussmann

2008-01-01

127

An unusual cause of subtalar pain and instability: accessory calcaneus.  

PubMed

We report on a 45-yr-old male sports instructor with chronic pain and instability of the ankle. He was a recreational basketball player, but because of repeated ankle sprains and chronic subtalar pain this activity became impossible. The radiologic findings were compatible with the diagnosis of accessory calcaneus. In an initial therapeutic approach the patient was treated conservatively with taping and physical therapy, but this failed to relieve the symptoms. Next, a ligamentoplasty was performed. The instability improved, but the pain remained the same. Finally the accessory calcaneus was resected and short term follow-up was unremarkable. Accessory calcaneus is an uncommon anatomical variation that may cause subtalar pain and instability. Resection of the accessory bone may be necessary to provide relief of symptoms. Accessory calcaneus can be well demonstrated on CT, SPECT-CT, and MR. MR and nuclear medicine can indicate instability of the accessory bone by showing bone marrow edema on MR or uptake on fusion imaging. PMID:23405487

Boulet, C; De Maeseneer, M; Everaert, H; Kichouh, M; De Mey, J; Shahabpour, M

128

Minerals Yearbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

According to the Minerals Yearbook Web site, the US Geological Survey Minerals Information Team's mission is to collect, analyze, and disseminate information on the domestic and international supply of and demand for minerals and mineral materials essential to the US economy and national security. The yearbook reviews the mineral and material industries of the United States and foreign countries, contains statistical data on materials and minerals, and includes information on economic and technical trends and development. Volume I contains metals and minerals information, volume II US area reports, and volume III international reports. A lot of data is presented in the various documents; thankfully, the site is organized well and easy to navigate.

129

Ore Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This three part lab introduces sulfides and other ore minerals. Part one - Ore Minerals: Students fill in a table giving the metal, formula, and mineral group of several ore minerals. Part two - Box of Rocks: Students examine trays of ore minerals and record their physical properties, composition, habit, occurence, economic value, and use and answer questions about color, luster, density, transparency, and availability. Part three - Famous Digs: Students answer a series of questions related to famous ore deposits.

Perkins, Dexter

130

A new twist on an old pathway - accessory Sec systems  

PubMed Central

Summary The export of proteins from their site of synthesis in the cytoplasm across the inner membrane is an important aspect of bacterial physiology. Because the location of extracytoplasmic proteins is ideal for host-pathogen interactions, protein export is also important to bacterial virulence. In bacteria there are conserved protein export systems that are responsible for the majority of protein export: the general secretion (Sec) pathway and the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) pathway. In some bacteria, there are also specialized export systems dedicated to exporting specific subsets of proteins. In this review, we discuss a specialized export system that exists in some Gram-positive bacteria and mycobacteria – the accessory Sec system. The common element to the accessory Sec system is an accessory SecA protein called SecA2. Here we present our current understanding of accessory Sec systems in Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus parasanguinis, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Listeria monocytogenes, making an effort to highlight apparent similarities and differences between the systems. We also review the data showing that accessory Sec systems can contribute to bacterial virulence.

Rigel, Nathan W.; Braunstein, Miriam

2008-01-01

131

Axillary accessory breast associated with galactorrhea in an adolescent girl  

PubMed Central

We present herein a case of right axillary accessory breast associated with galactorrhea in an adolescent girl. A 14-year-old Japanese girl presented with an 11-month history of a tender, subcutaneous lesion in the right axillary fossa. Seven months later, she experienced menarche. Subsequently, the patient noticed pressure-induced galactorrhea from both nipples. Physical examination revealed an elastic, firm and well-demarcated subcutaneous tumor 3 × 2 cm in size. A biopsy specimen showed proliferation of mammary gland tissue in the stroma located below the subcutaneous fat tissue. On the basis of these findings the patient was diagnosed with an accessory breast. Interestingly, the galactorrhea ceased after surgical removal of the accessory breast.

Kyo, Akemi; Sasaki, Yoshihito; Fukunaga, Atsushi; Nagano, Tohru; Funasaka, Yoko; Nishigori, Chikako

2010-01-01

132

An Accessory Muscle of Pectoral Region: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

Among the variations of pectoral muscles, this case appears to be unique in the literature. This was a case of an accessory pectoral muscle which was located between pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles, which was discovered during a routine anatomy dissection. The accessory muscle originated from 6th and 7th ribs at costo-chondral junction, which travelled supero-laterally and inserted by fusing with fibres of pectoralis minor. This unusual muscle holds importance for surgeons while they perform dissectomies, in avoiding complications.

Bannur, B.M.; Mallashetty, Nagaraj; Endigeri, Preetish

2013-01-01

133

Mineral Classification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This problem set challenges students to determine the chemical classification of minerals based on their chemical formula (provided). For oxygen-bearing minerals, students must also provide the valences of the various cations.

134

75 FR 41523 - Paris Accessories, Inc., Including On-Site Leased Workers From Job Connections, New Smithville...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TA-W-71,106; TA-W-71,106A] Paris Accessories, Inc., Including On-Site...Job Connections, New Smithville, PA; Paris Accessories, Inc., Allentown, PA...Reconsideration applicable to workers of Paris Accessories, Inc., including...

2010-07-16

135

75 FR 34180 - Paris Accessories, Inc., Including On-Site Leased Workers From Job Connections, New Smithsville...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Training Administration [TA-W-71,106] Paris Accessories, Inc., Including On-Site...reconsideration, I determine that workers of Paris Accessories, Inc., New Smithsville...following certification: All workers of Paris Accessories, Inc., New...

2010-06-16

136

Mineral Chart  

MedlinePLUS

... Tanning How Can I Improve My Self-Esteem? Mineral Chart KidsHealth > Teens > Miscellaneous > Mineral Chart Print A A A Text Size Type ... sources of calcium. You'll also find this mineral in broccoli and dark green, leafy vegetables. Soy ...

137

Mineral Properties  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Mineralogical Society of America describes the physical properties of minerals in terms that kids will understand. The site also includes the definition of a mineral, an identification chart, and links to descriptions of the physical properties used to identify minerals.

Mineralogy 4 Kids; America, Mineralogical S.

138

Minerals yearbook  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains the latest available mineral data on more than 150 foreign countries and discusses the importance of minerals in the economies of these nations. A separate chapter reviews the international minerals industry in general and its relationship to the world economy.

Not Available

1988-01-01

139

21 CFR 884.4150 - Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4150 Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories. (a) Identification. A bipolar endoscopic...

2009-04-01

140

21 CFR 884.4150 - Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories...Gynecological Surgical Devices § 884.4150 Bipolar endoscopic coagulator-cutter and accessories. (a) Identification. A bipolar endoscopic...

2010-04-01

141

49 CFR 178.255-7 - Protection of valves and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION...Tanks § 178.255-7 Protection of valves and accessories. (a) All valves, fittings, accessories, safety devices, gauging devices, and...

2012-10-01

142

21 CFR 884.6190 - Assisted reproductive microscopes and microscope accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AND GYNECOLOGICAL DEVICES Assisted Reproduction Devices § 884.6190 Assisted... (a) Identification. Assisted reproduction microscopes and microscope accessories...which are classified under assisted reproduction accessories) are optical...

2013-04-01

143

21 CFR 884.1300 - Uterotubal carbon dioxide insufflator and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Uterotubal carbon dioxide insufflator and accessories...Devices § 884.1300 Uterotubal carbon dioxide insufflator and accessories...Identification. A uterotubal carbon dioxide insufflator and...

2013-04-01

144

22 CFR 121.8 - End-items, components, accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. 121.8 Section 121...accessories, attachments, parts, firmware, software and systems. (a) An end-item...is not limited to circuits into which software has been programmed. (f)...

2013-04-01

145

Mineral Identification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine you are hiking with your family and this shiney looking crystal catches your eye. You bring it home and no one in your family is able to tell you what it is. How do you find out? First you need to practice. Identifying minerals. Click on the following link. Identify all five minerals. On your peice of paper tell me their Name Color Luster Cleavage/Fracture Hardness Glenco simple mineral identification Now try and identify 7 real minerals using a virtual key. Answer the following questions What properties do you use to identify the mineral? Which ...

Rmesser

2010-11-16

146

The sea lamprey has a primordial accessory olfactory system  

PubMed Central

Background A dual olfactory system, represented by two anatomically distinct but spatially proximate chemosensory epithelia that project to separate areas of the forebrain, is known in several classes of tetrapods. Lungfish are the earliest evolving vertebrates known to have this dual system, comprising a main olfactory and a vomeronasal system (VNO). Lampreys, a group of jawless vertebrates, have a single nasal capsule containing two anatomically distinct epithelia, the main (MOE) and the accessory olfactory epithelia (AOE). We speculated that lamprey AOE projects to specific telencephalic regions as a precursor to the tetrapod vomeronasal system. Results To test this hypothesis, we characterized the neural circuits and molecular profiles of the accessory olfactory epithelium in the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus). Neural tract-tracing revealed direct and reciprocal connections with the dorsomedial telencephalic neuropil (DTN) which in turn projects directly to the dorsal pallium and the rostral hypothalamus. High-throughput sequencing demonstrated that the main and the accessory olfactory epithelia have virtually identical profiles of expressed genes. Real time quantitative PCR confirmed expression of representatives of all 3 chemoreceptor gene families identified in the sea lamprey genome. Conclusion Anatomical and molecular evidence shows that the sea lamprey has a primordial accessory olfactory system that may serve a chemosensory function.

2013-01-01

147

Accessory child safety harnesses: do the risks outweigh the benefits?  

PubMed

Accessory child safety harnesses are available in some countries as alternative restraints for young children or as an accessory restraint used with booster seats. Their use, in Australia at least, is becoming more common. There have been concerns that the risk of misuse of these restraints outweighs any potential benefit this system might have over a retractable lap-shoulder belt system used with a booster seat. However to date there is no evidence to confirm or deny this. This study used laboratory simulated frontal crash tests to examine the performance of accessory child safety harness systems compared to the lap-shoulder belt when used alone and when used with two common designs of Australian booster seat. The performance of the child safety harness system when misused was also investigated. The results demonstrate that the correctly used child safety harness system performed no better than the lap-shoulder system, and in fact allows for a greater risk of submarining. Furthermore, one common form of child safety harness misuse, where the harness is over-tightened causing the lap belt to be positioned high over the abdomen, allowed extremely undesirable dummy motion. This involved gross submarining and direct contact between the harness system and the dummy's neck. These findings suggest that the risks associated with accessory child safety harness systems most likely outweigh any potential benefits, in frontal impacts at least. PMID:19887151

Brown, Julie; Wainohu, Derek; Aquilina, Peter; Suratno, Basuki; Kelly, Paul; Bilston, Lynne E

2009-08-03

148

Conservative management of accessory spleen torsion in children.  

PubMed

Accessory spleen torsion is very rare condition especially in children. The aim of this study is to report the conservative treatment option. In April 2009 we observed a 10-year-old child affected by hereditary spherocytosis who reported acute abdominal pain without fever or vomiting. At hospitalization all blood tests were within normal value. Abdominal ultrasounds showed an increase in spleen volume and a solid round-shaped hypoechogenic formation with hyperechogenic areas in the lower pole without vascolarisation on color-Doppler scan. These findings suggested torsion of the accessory spleen. We opted for a conservative approach: analgesics on demand and antibiotics. After a week symptoms resolved spontaneously and patient was discharged in good health conditions. Follow-up ultrasound scans were performed at one week, three-six months and one year after hospitalization and showed a progressive reduction of the dimensions of the solid round-shaped formation. Accessory spleen torsion needs to be added to the differential diagnosis of cases of acute abdomen in children. Ultrasounds with eco-color-Doppler scans seem to be the best option for the diagnosis of such condition in the pediatric age since other diagnostic methods are more invasive and require sedation of patients. Once accessory spleen torsion is correctly diagnosed it is possible to opt for its conservative treatment. PMID:24051978

Scirè, G; Zampieri, N; El-Dalati, G; Camoglio, F S

2013-08-01

149

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A hemodialysis system and accessories is a device that is used as an artificial kidney system for the treatment of patients with renal failure or toxemic conditions and that consists of an extracorporeal blood system, a conventional dialyzer, a dialysate delivery system, and...

2009-04-01

150

21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

A hemodialysis system and accessories is a device that is used as an artificial kidney system for the treatment of patients with renal failure or toxemic conditions and that consists of an extracorporeal blood system, a conventional dialyzer, a dialysate delivery system, and...

2010-04-01

151

Clothing/Apparel and Accessories Merchandising. A Suggested Interdisciplinary Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide contains three sections: introduction, curriculum material, and an annotated bibliography. Introductory information provides an overview of the clothing/apparel and accessories merchandising area, aptitudes needed, and career opportunities; discusses potential career ladders, which are divided into entry level, middle…

Wray, Ralph D.; Hayden, Margaret B.

152

Evolutionary dynamics of the accessory genome of Listeria monocytogenes.  

PubMed

Listeria monocytogenes, a foodborne bacterial pathogen, is comprised of four phylogenetic lineages that vary with regard to their serotypes and distribution among sources. In order to characterize lineage-specific genomic diversity within L. monocytogenes, we sequenced the genomes of eight strains from several lineages and serotypes, and characterized the accessory genome, which was hypothesized to contribute to phenotypic differences across lineages. The eight L. monocytogenes genomes sequenced range in size from 2.85-3.14 Mb, encode 2,822-3,187 genes, and include the first publicly available sequenced representatives of serotypes 1/2c, 3a and 4c. Mapping of the distribution of accessory genes revealed two distinct regions of the L. monocytogenes chromosome: an accessory-rich region in the first 65° adjacent to the origin of replication and a more stable region in the remaining 295°. This pattern of genome organization is distinct from that of related bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus. The accessory genome of all lineages is enriched for cell surface-related genes and phosphotransferase systems, and transcriptional regulators, highlighting the selective pressures faced by contemporary strains from their hosts, other microbes, and their environment. Phylogenetic analysis of O-antigen genes and gene clusters predicts that serotype 4 was ancestral in L. monocytogenes and serotype 1/2 associated gene clusters were putatively introduced through horizontal gene transfer in the ancestral population of L. monocytogenes lineage I and II. PMID:23825666

den Bakker, Henk C; Desjardins, Christopher A; Griggs, Allison D; Peters, Joseph E; Zeng, Qiandong; Young, Sarah K; Kodira, Chinnappa D; Yandava, Chandri; Hepburn, Theresa A; Haas, Brian J; Birren, Bruce W; Wiedmann, Martin

2013-06-25

153

21 CFR 884.1600 - Transabdominal amnioscope (fetoscope) and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Date premarket approval application (PMA) or notice of completion of a product development protocol (PDP) is required. A PMA or a notice of completion of a PDP...and accessories shall have an approved PMA or a declared completed PDP in effect...

2013-04-01

154

Advancement of Small Gas Turbine Engine Accessory Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The basic requirements for controls and accessories for gas generators in the 2-to-5 pound per second airflow range are established. These requirements are then investigated in terms of current and projected state-of-the-art relative to the various contro...

H. L. Richardson R. M. Tommasini

1967-01-01

155

Basketry accessories: footwear, bags and fans in ancient Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ancient Egyptians had —by the New Kingdom— developed many basket making and matting techniques. These techniques were not only used for making all types and sizes of baskets and mats, but were also adopted for making other accessories such as bags, fans and different types of footwear, that seem to have been heavily used. Materials and techniques of nine objects

N. M. N. El Hadidi; R. Hamdy

2011-01-01

156

Schwannoma of the Spinal Accessory Nerve: A Case Report  

PubMed Central

We are reporting a rare case of a schwannoma which originated from the cervical portion of the spinal accessory nerve, which was located in the left posterior triangle of the neck and did not have any neurological deficit, which was diagnosed by the Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan and confirmed histopathologically after surgery.

Kohli, Ritesh; Singh, Surinder; Gupta, Sahwani K.; Matreja, Prithpal S.

2013-01-01

157

49 CFR 192.147 - Flanges and flange accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...flange or flange accessory (other than cast iron) must meet the minimum requirements...Each flange on a flanged joint in cast iron pipe must conform in dimensions...design to ASME/ANSI B16.1 and be cast integrally with the pipe,...

2011-10-01

158

Patent Accessory Canals: Incidence in Molar Furcation Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A total of 46 extracted maxillary and mandibular molars were examined to determine the incidence of accessory canals in the coronal and middle third of the root surface. A radiopaque dye was drawn through the root canal system under a vacuum of 5 p.s.i., ...

J. V. Lowman R. S. Burke G. B. Pelleu

1974-01-01

159

Mrap2: an accessory protein linked to obesity.  

PubMed

Melanocortin receptors are critical modulators of energy balance and glucose homeostasis. Companion studies published in Science (Asai et al., 2013; Sebag et al., 2013) establish a role for melanocortin receptor accessory protein 2 (Mrap2) in regulating melanocortin receptor activity and in the development of obesity in zebrafish, rodents, and humans. PMID:24011068

Liu, Tiemin; Elmquist, Joel K; Williams, Kevin W

2013-09-01

160

A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Consumers’ Conspicuous Consumption of Branded Fashion Accessories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study attempts to (1) demonstrate whether the purchase of branded fashion accessories is motivated by consumers’ desire to reflect their social status, convey their self-image, and boost their self-esteem; (2) find whether the purchase of luxury fashion accessories may fall under the umbrella of conspicuous consumption; and (3) examine whether conspicuous consumption of branded fashion accessories varies across cultures.

Nizar Souiden; Bouthaina M’Saad; Frank Pons

2011-01-01

161

A case of buccal abscess; originating from an ectopic accessory parotid gland?  

PubMed

We report a case of an abscess from an 'ectopic' accessory parotid gland in the cheek demonstrated by sialography and computed tomography (CT). The accessory parotid gland was ectopically located anterolateral to the masseter muscle and isolated from the main parotid gland. The orifice and ductal system of the ectopic accessory parotid gland were separated from those of Stensen's duct. The abscess developed from this ectopic accessory gland, and the main parotid gland was free of inflammation. Using sialography and CT, we confirmed the presence of this ectopic accessory gland. PMID:11945200

Lee, Dong-Hee

2002-04-01

162

Mineral Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners search for various kinds of items made from minerals around their home or school, including toothpaste, wall paint, kitty litter, and bricks. The PDF contains a check off list as well as recommended sites for more information on minerals.

Science, Lawrence H.

2010-01-01

163

Mineral Densities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are given cubic cell edge dimensions and asked to calculate mineral densities and vice versa. The final question of this homework assignment provides students with a mineral density and unit cell edge length in order to determine the number of formula units per cell.

164

Hypoplastic Left Lobe of Liver with Accessory Caudate Lobe  

PubMed Central

During routine dissection, a liver from a cadaver of a female aged 50 years was observed to have hypoplastic left lobe, and on posterior surface an accessory caudate lobe was present to the left of main caudate lobe. It was separated by well-defined fissure from caudate lobe. The fissure for ligamentum venosum was present to the left of accessory caudate lobe. Porta hepatis was present below the new lobe. Prominent papillary process continued with caudate process which in turn is fused with right lobe of the liver. These developmental anomalies of liver may cause confusion during procedures like biopsy, transplantation, and lobectomies. This knowledge may be of immense use to clinicians for the diagnosis and management of hepatic diseases, morphologists and anatomists for new variant, and to embryologists for new developmental defect.

Singh, Rajani

2013-01-01

165

Simultaneous duct ectasia of accessory and normally located breast.  

PubMed

Accessory breast and duct ectasia are common clinical problems in their own right. However, their coexistence is a rare entity. Duct ectasia is a dilation in one or more of the larger lactiferous duct filled with a stagnant brown or green secretion, which may or may not discharge through the nipple. This material acts as an irritant and leads to periductal mastitis. Duct ectasia may present with subareolar mass, nipple discharge, nipple retraction, non-cyclical mastalgia or mammary fistula. Surgical options are microdochectomy or cone excision of major ducts. This case report describes the presence of duct ectasia in both accessory breast situated in the axilla and ipsilateral normal breast simultaneously. PMID:19149984

Afridi, Shahida Parveen; Shamim, M Shahid; Rahman, Shafiq Ur; Samo, Khursheed Ahmed; Sabir, Shazia

2009-01-01

166

Hypoplastic left lobe of liver with accessory caudate lobe.  

PubMed

During routine dissection, a liver from a cadaver of a female aged 50 years was observed to have hypoplastic left lobe, and on posterior surface an accessory caudate lobe was present to the left of main caudate lobe. It was separated by well-defined fissure from caudate lobe. The fissure for ligamentum venosum was present to the left of accessory caudate lobe. Porta hepatis was present below the new lobe. Prominent papillary process continued with caudate process which in turn is fused with right lobe of the liver. These developmental anomalies of liver may cause confusion during procedures like biopsy, transplantation, and lobectomies. This knowledge may be of immense use to clinicians for the diagnosis and management of hepatic diseases, morphologists and anatomists for new variant, and to embryologists for new developmental defect. PMID:23573097

Singh, Rajani

2013-03-19

167

Mystery Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will discover that minerals have specific characteristics that help to identify them. They will learn that minerals are formed by inorganic processes, are crystalline solids with an internal orderly arrangement of atoms, have specific chemical compositions, and have specific physical and chemical characteristics. They will also learn that minerals are commonly identified by the physical properties they possess, such as hardness, color, crystal shape, specific gravity, and streak. In addition, they will discover some other useful properties such as reaction with hydrochloric acid or a characteristic taste. They should also understand that color is not always a useful property for identifying minerals because it can vary. The students will also develop listening and observational skills and learn the uses of a few common minerals.

Morgan, Susan

168

Four accessory (supernumerary) intrathoracic ribs: a case report.  

PubMed

Accessory (supernumerary) intrathoracic ribs are a very rare congenital disorder. Here, we present the first case of multiple supernumerary intrathoracic ribs in an adult, which are present consecutively between ribs 1 and 4 and without articulation with the vertebrae. Despite this, anatomical variation is usually silent and accidentally discovered; its knowledge can prevent confusion with other structures during imaging diagnostic techniques of thoracic pathologies. PMID:23385737

Prados, Jose; Archilla, Francisco; Melguizo, Consolación; Aranega, Antonia

2013-02-06

169

Accessory mitral valve as a potential source of cardioembolism.  

PubMed

An accessory mitral valve (AMV) is considered to arise from abnormal development of endocardial cushion tissue. It is a very rare entity, commonly diagnosed in childhood and associated with symptomatic left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction. Here we describe the presence of AMV in a 58-year old patient who presented with a transient ischemic attack. Transesophageal echocardiography visualized a spherical structure attached to the ventricular aspect of the anterior mitral valve leaflet. PMID:17707535

Bär, Harald; Katus, Hugo A; Mereles, Derliz

2007-08-20

170

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in the accessory parotid gland  

Microsoft Academic Search

A rare case of a 9-year-old female with mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising in the accessory parotid gland is reported. She had complained of a painless and round mass of the left cheek for a duration of 14 months. Sialography, ultrasonography, CT scan and MRI were performed preoperatively. Sialography revealed a small duct separating from the Stensen’s duct. CT and MRI showed

Toshio Yoshihara; Saori Suzuki; Koichi Nagao

1999-01-01

171

The consistent presence of the human accessory deep peroneal nerve  

PubMed Central

Twenty-four human legs were dissected macroscopically to study the morphological details of the accessory deep peroneal nerve. This nerve arose from the superficial peroneal nerve and descended in the lateral compartment of the leg, deep to peroneus longus along the posterior border of peroneus brevis. Approaching the ankle joint, this nerve passed through the peroneal tunnels to wind around the lateral malleolus; it then crossed beneath the peroneus brevis tendon anteriorly to reach the dorsum of the foot. The accessory deep peroneal nerve was found in every case examined and constantly gave off muscular branches to peroneus brevis and sensory branches to the ankle region. In addition, this nerve occasionally had muscular branches to peroneus longus and extensor digitorum brevis, and sensory branches to the fibula and the foot. The anomalous muscles around the lateral malleolus were also innervated by this nerve. Neither cutaneous branches nor communicating branches with other nerves were found. The present study reveals that the accessory deep peroneal nerve is consistently present and possesses a proper motor and sensory distribution in the lateral region of the leg and ankle. It is not an anomalous nerve as has previously been suggested.

KUDOH, HIROYUKI; SAKAI, TATSUO; HORIGUCHI, MASAHARU

1999-01-01

172

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways in infants.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the indications, results and complications of radiofrequency catheter ablation in small infants with supraventricular tachycardia due to an accessory atrioventricular pathway. METHODS: Five infants less than 9 months old underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways. Ablation was done for medically refractory tachyarrhythmia associated with aborted sudden death in two patients, left ventricular dysfunction in one, failure of antiarrhythmic drugs in one, and planned cardiac surgery in one. All five patients underwent a single successful procedure. Three left free wall pathways were ablated by transseptal approach, a right posteroseptal pathway was ablated from the inferior vena cava, and a left posteroseptal pathway was approached from the inferior vena cava into the coronary sinus. A deflectable 5F bipolar electrode catheter with a 3 mm tip was used. RESULTS: A sudden increment in impedance indicative of coagulum formation was observed in two procedures. One patient developed a transient ischaemic complication after ablation of a left lateral accessory pathway by transseptal approach. This patient had mild pericardial effusion after the procedure. Moderate pericardial effusion was also noted in another patient. After a mean follow up of 18.4 months all patients are symptom free without treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Radiofrequency catheter ablation can be performed successfully in infants. Temperature monitoring in 5F ablation catheters would be desirable to prevent the development of coagulum. Echocardiography must be performed after the ablation procedure to investigate pericardial effusion. Images

Benito, F.; Sanchez, C.

1997-01-01

173

Recent Developments in Accessory-Mineral Thermometry of Crustal Rocks: Zircon, Rutile and Sphene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zircon, rutile and sphene are excellent candidates for crustal-rock thermometry because of their widespread occurrence, broad P-T stability, chemical simplicity and general resistance to diffusive resetting. They are also of interest because of their suitability for radiometric age determinations, which creates the opportunity to correlate age and thermal information. Calibrations of thermometers for zircon, rutile and sphene were recently completed at RPI using laboratory experiments in combination with analyses of natural samples whose crystallization temperatures are independently constrained. The thermometers are based upon the limited interchangeability of Zr, Ti and Si -- that is, Ti content of zircon (replacing Si) and Zr content of rutile and sphene. The concentrations of these elements in their respective hosts vary in log-linear fashion with reciprocal temperature, as follows: log[Ti(zcn)] = 6.03-5080/T (580-1450C) log[Zr(rut)] = 7.36-4470/T (470-1450C) log[Zr(sph)] = 11.697-9049/T-0.83*P (500-1000C) Temperature is in Kelvin and pressure in GPa. Chemical symbols Ti and Zr refer to the concentrations of these elements in ppmw. The zircon and rutile calibrations are for a nominal pressure of 1 GPa; the T range of the calibration is indicated in parentheses for all three. The Ti-in-zircon thermometer is strictly applicable to situations where rutile is present in the system (TiO2 activity = 1), but this is not a major limitation for crustal rocks. The rutile and sphene thermometers apply to cases where zircon + quartz (or siliceous melt) are present. The zircon thermometer is insensitive to pressure and Zr in rutile shows minor sensitivity to pressure. These thermometers can be implemented using available in situ analytical techniques (EMPA; LA-ICP/MS; SIMS); in general, however, LA-ICP/MS or SIMS is needed for zircons crystallized below about 850C and sphenes below about 725C. The EMPA can be used for Zr-in-rutile thermometry on crystals formed at temperatures as low as 500C. Preliminary diffusion data for Ti in zircon indicate a high closure temperature broadly consistent with existing diffusion data for other tetravalent ions. However, Zr in rutile is relatively fast- diffusing, raising the possibility of partial diffusive re-equilibration to temperatures below 600C in some retrograde environments. Diffusion of Zr in sphene is intermediate between the other two, implying generally closed-system behavior. Applications and inter-comparisons of the new thermometers will be made with reference to natural rocks ranging from glassy rhyolites to subduction-zone migmatites.

Watson, E. B.; Hayden, L. A.; Wark, D. A.; Cherniak, D. J.; Thomas, J. B.

2006-05-01

174

Accessory tragus: report of two cases and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Accessory tragus is a fairly common congenital malformation of the external ear. In the vast majority of cases it is an isolated developmental defect not associated with other abnormalities. However, the remote possibility exists that it could be associated with other abnormalities of the first and second branchial arch. Accessory tragus is a consistent feature of the oculoauriculovertebral syndrome (Goldenhar syndrome). When correctly identified, surgical excision of accessory tragus is quite simple and rarely results in any complications. PMID:11085670

Jansen, T; Romiti, R; Altmeyer, P

175

Thermomechanical milling of accessory lithics in volcanic conduits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accessory lithic clasts recovered from pyroclastic deposits commonly result from the failure of conduit wall rocks, and represent an underutilized resource for constraining conduit processes during explosive volcanic eruptions. The morphological features of lithic clasts provide distinctive 'textural fingerprints' of processes that have reshaped them during transport in the conduit. Here, we present the first study focused on accessory lithic clast morphology and show how the shapes and surfaces of these accessory pyroclasts can inform on conduit processes. We use two main types of accessory lithic clasts from pyroclastic fallout deposits of the 2360 B.P. subplinian eruption of Mount Meager, British Columbia, as a case study: (i) rough and subangular dacite clasts, and (ii) variably rounded and smoothed monzogranite clasts. The quantitative morphological data collected on these lithics include: mass, volume, density, 2-D image analysis of convexity (C), and 3-D laser scans for sphericity (?) and smoothness (S). Shaping and comminution (i.e. milling) of clasts within the conduit are ascribed to three processes: (1) disruptive fragmentation due to high-energy impacts between clasts or between clasts and conduit walls, (2) ash-blasting of clasts suspended within the volcanic flux, and (3) thermal effects. We use a simplified conduit eruption model to predict ash-blasting velocities and lithic residence times as a function of clast size and source depth, thereby constraining the lithic milling processes. The extent of shape and surface modification (i.e. rounding and honing) is directly proportional to clast residence times within the conduit prior to evacuation. We postulate that the shallow-seated dacite clasts remain subangular and rough due to short (<2 min) residence times, whereas monzogranite clasts are much more rounded and smoothed due to deeper source depths and consequently longer residence times (up to ˜1 h). Larger monzogranite clasts are smoother than smaller clasts due to longer residence times and to greater differential velocities within the ash-laden jet. Lastly, our model residence times and mass loss estimates for rounded clasts are used to estimate minimum attrition rates due to volcanic ash-blasting within the conduit (e.g., 12 cm3?s?1 for 25 cm clasts, sourced at 2500 m depth).

Campbell, Michelle E.; Russell, James K.; Porritt, Lucy A.

2013-09-01

176

Estrogen receptor accessory proteins: effects on receptor-DNA interactions.  

PubMed Central

Despite a wealth of information about the structure and composition of steroid receptors and their functional domains, little is known about the role of accessory proteins as mediators of receptor activity. To better define the role of such proteins in estrogen receptor (ER) function, we have used immunoaffinity, steroid affinity, and site-specific DNA-affinity chromatography to identify and characterize proteins that associate with human ER (hER) in extracts from MCF-7 cells and hER-expressing CHO (CHO-ER) cells. In addition to the expected 66-kDa hER, a 70-kDa protein was obtained and subsequently identified as a member of the heat shock protein family (hsp70). A 55-kDa protein, detected by all three approaches, was identified as a member of the protein disulfide isomerase family (PDI). Two proteins that were preferentially retained by an ER-specific DNA affinity column (p48 and p45) remain unidentified. Maximal interaction of purified hER with the vitellogenin A2 estrogen response element (ERE) occurred in the presence of all four associated proteins isolated by DNA-affinity chromatography. The increased stability of this complex was due primarily to an increase in the association rate of hER with ERE. Thus, accessory proteins may be required for optimal interaction of ER with EREs.

Landel, C C; Kushner, P J; Greene, G L

1995-01-01

177

Catheter Ablation of Multiple Accessory Pathways in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy  

PubMed Central

A 23-year-old male with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) experienced self-limiting palpitations at age 19 years for the first time. Palpitations recurred not earlier than at age 23 years, and were attributed to narrow complex tachycardia, which could be terminated with adenosine. Since electrocardiography showed a delta-wave, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was diagnosed, ajmaline prescribed and radio-frequency catheter ablation of three accessory pathways carried out one week later. One day after ablation, however, a relapse of the supraventricular tachycardia occurred and was terminated with ajmaline. Re-entry tachycardia occurred a second time six days after ablation, and as before, it was stopped only with ajmaline. Despite administration of verapamil to prevent tachycardia, it occurred a third time four months after ablation. This case shows that cardiac involvement in DMD may manifest also as WPW-syndrome. In these patients, repeated radio-frequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways may be necessary to completely block the re-entry mechanism.

Stollberger, Claudia; Steger, Christine; Gatterer, Edmund

2013-01-01

178

Catheter ablation of multiple accessory pathways in duchenne muscular dystrophy.  

PubMed

A 23-year-old male with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) experienced self-limiting palpitations at age 19 years for the first time. Palpitations recurred not earlier than at age 23 years, and were attributed to narrow complex tachycardia, which could be terminated with adenosine. Since electrocardiography showed a delta-wave, Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome was diagnosed, ajmaline prescribed and radio-frequency catheter ablation of three accessory pathways carried out one week later. One day after ablation, however, a relapse of the supraventricular tachycardia occurred and was terminated with ajmaline. Re-entry tachycardia occurred a second time six days after ablation, and as before, it was stopped only with ajmaline. Despite administration of verapamil to prevent tachycardia, it occurred a third time four months after ablation. This case shows that cardiac involvement in DMD may manifest also as WPW-syndrome. In these patients, repeated radio-frequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways may be necessary to completely block the re-entry mechanism. PMID:23508228

Finsterer, Josef; Stöllberger, Claudia; Steger, Christine; Gatterer, Edmund

2013-02-28

179

Fine structural evidence of mechanoreception in spinal lumbosacral accessory lobes of pigeons  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the lumbosacral spinal cord of birds there are accessory lobes which protrude into the vertebral canal. The accessory lobes consist of multipolar neurons and glia-derived glycogen cells. It has been suggested that these lobes function as a sense organ of equilibrium. Therefore the lobes were studied ultrastructurally to look for possible mechanoreceptive structures. Extracellular lacunae extend from the periphery

Jörg Rosenberg; Reinhold Necker

2000-01-01

180

Fusion of the primary and accessory navicular bones: a modification of the kidner procedure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory navicular is a congenital anomaly. Present in about 9% of the population, it is symptomatic in only a small percentage. The pertinent anatomy, clinical presentation, classification system, and conservative treatment are discussed. Surgical options are reviewed. The surgical technique for a modified Kidner procedure in which the primary and accessory naviculars are fused is described in detail.

Michael P Swords; John R Shank; Sigvard T Hansen; Bruce J Sangeorzan

2004-01-01

181

Multiple accessory pathways in the permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia.  

PubMed

The permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) has been successfully eliminated by ablation of the accessory pathway responsible for the tachycardia. The coexistence of multiple accessory pathways responsible for different, long RP-interval tachycardias was not documented previously. Five patients with PJRT underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways. Three of 5 patients had 2 accessory pathways each: 1 had 2 left free wall accessory pathways, another had a right posterior free wall and right posteroseptal pathway, whereas the third had 2 right posteroseptal pathways approximately 1 cm apart. The remaining 2 patients each had 1 right posteroseptal accessory pathway. Seven of 8 pathways were successfully ablated with a median of 3 radiofrequency pulses. No patient developed complications. Peak serum creatine kinase ranged from 131 to 311 IU/liter, with peak MB fraction 7 to 17 IU/liter, or 5 to 11%. Follow-up electrophysiologic study, 29 to 70 days after ablation, revealed no inducible tachycardia and no evidence of accessory pathway conduction, except for the 1 pathway not ablated. All patients remained asymptomatic 17 to 29 months after ablation. Thus, patients with PJRT can have several accessory pathways that can be safely and effectively eliminated with radiofrequency catheter ablation. PMID:8109550

Shih, H T; Miles, W M; Klein, L S; Hubbard, J E; Zipes, D P

1994-02-15

182

Surgical Anatomy of the Spinal Accessory Nerve and the Trapezius Branches of the Cervical Plexus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: A thorough understanding of the topo- graphical anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve and the cervical plexus branches is a basic prerequisite for posi- tive results when operating on the neck. Objective: To give an exact description of the topo- graphical and surgical anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) and the trapezius branches of the cervical plexus. Design:

A. C. Kierner; I. Zelenka; S. Heller; M. Burian

2000-01-01

183

A peptide from the male accessory glands of the Colorado potato beetle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis describes a study of the male accessory glands of the Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say). These glands add various substances to the ejaculate. On mating, the ejaculate is transferred to the female, together with the substances from the male accessory glands. The function of these substances is unknown in the case of the Colorado potato beetle. From

H. M. Smid

1998-01-01

184

Spinal Accessory Nerve Palsy as a Cause of Pain After Whiplash Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spinal accessory nerve injury is most commonly reported following surgery in and around the posterior cervical triangle. Pain, impaired ability to raise the ipsilateral shoulder, and scapular winging on abduction of the arm are the most frequently noted clinical manifestations. We report the case of a collegiate swimmer who developed left-sided neck and shoulder pain secondary to a spinal accessory

Mark P. Bodack; Richard S. Tunkel; Steven G. Marini; Willibald Nagler

1998-01-01

185

21 CFR 876.5880 - Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories...Therapeutic Devices § 876.5880 Isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and accessories... (a) Identification. An isolated kidney perfusion and transport system and...

2009-04-01

186

A case of diaphragm hernia containing accessory spleen and great omentum detected by Tc-99m phytate scintigraphy.  

PubMed

A rare case of diaphragm hernia containing an accessory spleen and great omentum is reported. Tc-99m phytate SPECT showed tracer accumulation in the accessory spleen and was useful in the evaluation of the disease. PMID:10582805

Ohta, H; Kohno, K; Kojima, N; Ihara, N; Ishigaki, T; Todo, G; Komibuchi, T

1999-10-01

187

Vitamins and Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

... Select a Language: Fact Sheet 801 Vitamins and Minerals WHY ARE VITAMINS AND MINERALS IMPORTANT? WHAT ARE ANTIOXIDANTS? HOW MUCH DO I ... HARMFUL? FOR MORE INFORMATION WHY ARE VITAMINS AND MINERALS IMPORTANT? Vitamins and minerals are sometimes called micronutrients. ...

188

Vitamins and Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

... of a good thing? What Are Vitamins and Minerals? Vitamins and minerals make people's bodies work properly. ... of them each day. What Do Vitamins and Minerals Do? Vitamins and minerals boost the immune system, ...

189

Accessory pathway for sound transfer in a neotropical frog.  

PubMed Central

A portion of the lateral body wall overlying the lung cavity of the arboreal frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui, vibrates in response to free-field sound. Peak displacement amplitude of the body wall in response to a natural call note presented at 73 decibels sound pressure level is 1.70 X 10(-9) m, roughly 8 decibels less than that of the ipsilateral eardrum, as measured by laser Doppler vibrometry. We show that the vibration magnitude varies predictably across the body profile and is posture and frequency dependent. Two routes to the inner ear are described for sounds impinging on the body wall; either of these accessory pathways could modify direct input from the peripheral auditory system and enhance sound localization in these small vertebrates.

Narins, P M; Ehret, G; Tautz, J

1988-01-01

190

Congenital anomaly of combined tracheal and accessory cardiac bronchus.  

PubMed

The presence of congenital tracheobronchial abnormalities remain rare and have been reported to range from 0.1% to 2% in the literature. The most commonly described abnormalities are the tracheal bronchus and the accessory cardiac bronchus. We present the case of a 67-year-old man presenting for evaluation of interstitial lung disease, on computed tomography found to have presence of both the anomalies; the findings later confirmed on bronchoscopy. We believe this report is important as it adds more descriptive information regarding this unusual presentation, including bronchoscopic and computed tomographic images. We believe that it is imperative that bronchoscopists are cognizant of these congenital abnormalities and their combinations. Inability to properly characterize these abnormalities has a potential leading to unnecessary investigations of these relatively benign entities. PMID:23328152

Gilbert, Christopher R; Cox, Phillip D; Toth, Jennifer W; Kaifi, Jussuf T; Reed, Michael F

2013-01-01

191

The frequency of accessory mental foramina in four ethnic groups.  

PubMed

The frequency of accessory mental foramina (AMF) was studied in four population groups: 20th century Asian Indians, African Americans and American Whites, and Pre-Columbian Nazca Indians. AMF were found less frequently in the American White and Asian Indian populations than in the other groups (American White, 1.4%; Asian Indian, 1.5%; African American, 5.7% and Nazca, 9.0%). The incidence of AMFs did not differ significantly between right- and left-hand sides. In certain ethnic groups, i.e., African American, AMF may occur more often in males. Additional studies with larger samples are needed to show whether AMFs are more common in males. PMID:9681117

Sawyer, D R; Kiely, M L; Pyle, M A

1998-05-01

192

Simultaneous Accessory Pathway and AV Node Mechanical Block.  

PubMed

We report a clinical case of a 22-year-old female referred to our institution due to palpitations and preexcitation. Her ECG suggested a right superior paraseptal accessory pathway (AP), which was localised during the electrophysiological study at the superior paraseptal region in close proximity to the His recordings. Reproducible orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia was induced by atrial pacing with extrastimuli. Cryo-mapping performed in the area of earliest atrial activation was not able to terminate the tachycardia. A second attempt, slightly more posterior, caused mechanical block of the AP, which rendered the tachycardia non-inducible. More pressure with the ablation catheter determined a Wenckebach type supra-hisian AV block, which was transient but reproducible. Given this finding no ablation was done. Simultaneous block to the AP and the atrioventricular node has rarely been reported using radiofrequency energy. However, to our knowledge this phenomenon has not been previously reported in large series using cryo-thermal energy. PMID:24130429

Garofalo, Daniel; Gallanti, Alfonso Gomez; Rama, David Filgueiras; Peinado, Rafael Peinado

2013-09-01

193

Simultaneous Accessory Pathway and AV Node Mechanical Block  

PubMed Central

We report a clinical case of a 22-year-old female referred to our institution due to palpitations and preexcitation. Her ECG suggested a right superior paraseptal accessory pathway (AP), which was localised during the electrophysiological study at the superior paraseptal region in close proximity to the His recordings. Reproducible orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia was induced by atrial pacing with extrastimuli. Cryo-mapping performed in the area of earliest atrial activation was not able to terminate the tachycardia. A second attempt, slightly more posterior, caused mechanical block of the AP, which rendered the tachycardia non-inducible. More pressure with the ablation catheter determined a Wenckebach type supra-hisian AV block, which was transient but reproducible. Given this finding no ablation was done. Simultaneous block to the AP and the atrioventricular node has rarely been reported using radiofrequency energy. However, to our knowledge this phenomenon has not been previously reported in large series using cryo-thermal energy.

Garofalo, Daniel; Gallanti, Alfonso Gomez; Rama, David Filgueiras; Peinado, Rafael Peinado

2013-01-01

194

Mineral Commodities  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise introduces mineral commodities (elements). Students consider the elements aluminum, iron, copper, nickel, zinc, uranium, lead, gold, mercury and tin and match them with their definintions in a table. Then they use minable grade (minable weight percent) and normal crustal abundance (crustal weight percent) to calculate the concentration factor for several commodities to determine their economic minability. Students then graph their calculations and explain their trend.

Perkins, Dexter

195

Early vertebrate origin of melanocortin 2 receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs).  

PubMed

The melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) accessory proteins, MRAP, along with its homolog, MRAP2, are two among a growing number of G protein-coupled receptor accessory proteins that have been identified in recent years. These proteins interact directly with MC2R and are essential for trafficking of this receptor from the endoplasmic reticulum to the cell surface, where it mediates the effects of ACTH. lthough earlier studies have identified MRAP and MRAP2 subtypes in distant species, an overall evolutionary analysis of these families is still missing. Here, we performed a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the MRAP and MRAP2 homologs based on whole genome sequences. We systematically mined and analyzed the genomes of metazoans to identify these genes. Overall, we identified 70 sequences of MRAP and MRAP2 from 44 species belonging to several vertebrate lineages, including at least 40 new sequences previously not reported in the literature. Herein, we provide evidence that MRAP2 is likely to be the ancestor of the MRAP family because MRAP2-like protein, but not MRAP, was identified in Petromyzon marinus (sea lamprey), which belong to an ancient basal vertebrate lineage. Later in vertebrate evolution, MRAP2 duplicated and gave rise to MRAP in an event before the emergence of actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes). However, we observed losses of MRAP in sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish), amphibians and reptiles while both subtypes are present in chicken and most mammals studied. Synteny analysis showed a conserved synteny within same lineages and an inversion of gene order between lineages. An evolutionary rate shift analysis indicated that these genes were under high purifying selection. Overall, this study provides a comprehensive analysis of the evolution and gene repertoire of MRAP and MRAP2. PMID:23370304

Valsalan, Ravisankar; Krishnan, Arunkumar; Almén, Markus Sällman; Fredriksson, Robert; Schiöth, Helgi B

2013-01-29

196

Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins in adrenal gland physiology and beyond.  

PubMed

The melanocortin receptor (MCR) family consists of five G-protein-coupled receptors (MC1R-MC5R) with diverse physiological roles. MC1R controls pigmentation, MC2R is a critical component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, MC3R and MC4R have a vital role in energy homeostasis and MC5R is involved in exocrine function. The melanocortin receptor accessory protein (MRAP) and its paralogue MRAP2 are small single-pass transmembrane proteins that have been shown to regulate MCR expression and function. In the adrenal gland, MRAP is an essential accessory factor for the functional expression of the MC2R/ACTH receptor. The importance of MRAP in adrenal gland physiology is demonstrated by the clinical condition familial glucocorticoid deficiency, where inactivating MRAP mutations account for ?20% of cases. MRAP is highly expressed in both the zona fasciculata and the undifferentiated zone. Expression in the undifferentiated zone suggests that MRAP could also be important in adrenal cell differentiation and/or maintenance. In contrast, the role of adrenal MRAP2, which is highly expressed in the foetal gland, is unclear. The expression of MRAPs outside the adrenal gland is suggestive of a wider physiological purpose, beyond MC2R-mediated adrenal steroidogenesis. In vitro, MRAPs have been shown to reduce surface expression and signalling of all the other MCRs (MC1,3,4,5R). MRAP2 is predominantly expressed in the hypothalamus, a site that also expresses a high level of MC3R and MC4R. This raises the intriguing possibility of a CNS role for the MRAPs. PMID:23418361

Novoselova, T V; Jackson, D; Campbell, D C; Clark, A J L; Chan, L F

2013-03-19

197

Differences in Accessory Pathway Location by Sex and Race  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND The etiology of accessory pathway formation (AP) is generally unknown. OBJECTIVE Using sex and race as proxies to distinguish genetically different individuals, we sought to test the hypothesis that AP formation is genetically mediated by examining whether AP location differs by sex and/or race. METHODS This was a single center, retrospective cohort study of 282 consecutive patients undergoing their first electrophysiology study that revealed at least one AP between 2004–2008. Sex and race were compared to AP location determined by the invasive electrophysiology study. RESULTS Eighty-nine males (52%) and 40 (36%) females had a left posterior AP (p=0.006). Sixty-four females (57%) had a right annular AP compared to 55 (32%) males (p<0.001). After adjusting for age and race, females had a 2.8 fold greater odds of having a right annular AP compared to males (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.70–4.65 greater odds, p<0.001). While right anterior (free wall) pathways were rare in all other races (12%), a significantly larger proportion of Asians (n=10, 26%) had a right anterior AP (p=0.017). After adjusting for sex and age, Asians had a 3.8 fold greater odds of having a right anterior accessory pathway compared to other races (95% CI 1.5–9.4 greater odds, p=0.004). CONCLUSIONS Females more commonly had right annular APs, and Asians had right anterior APs substantially more frequently than other races. These findings suggest that the pathogenesis of AP formation may have a genetic component.

Hsu, Jonathan C; Tannel, Ronn E; Lee, Byron K; Scheinman, Melvin M; Badhwar, Nitish; Lee, Randall J; Tseng, Zian H; Olgin, Jeffrey E; Marcus, Gregory M

2009-01-01

198

Ultrastructure of male reproductive accessory glands and ejaculatory duct in the Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Diptera: Tephritidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrastructure of male reproductive accessory glands and ejaculatory duct in the Queensland fruit fly (Q-fly), Bactrocera tryoni, were investigated and compared with those of other tephritid flies. Male accessory glands were found to comprise one pair of mesodermic glands and three pairs of ectodermic glands. The mesodermic accessory glands consist of muscle-lined, binucleate epithelial cells, which are highly microvillated and

Preethi Radhakrishnan; Daniela Marchini; Phillip W. Taylor

2009-01-01

199

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Rock Cycle Mineralogy 4 Kids Mineralogy 4 kids : rockin Internet site : the best place to learn about rocks and minerals Rock Cycle Map Rocks and Minerals Rocks and Minerals Pictures Rocks and Minerals Slide Show Rocks and Minerals Slide Show Earth Science Earth Science Uses for Minerals Metamorphic Rock Forming Sedimentary Rocks Observation ...

Richrigby

2010-02-23

200

[Radiofrequency ablation in tachycardias due to accessory pathways in a pediatric population].  

PubMed

Catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathways using radiofrequency current was attempted in 61 children and young adolescents less than 18 years of age who were referred for treatment of symptomatic supraventricular tachycardia. Thirty-three children had the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and 30 tachyarrhythmias related to an accessory pathway conducting only in retrograde fashion. Ablation of left sided accessory pathways was usually attempted utilizing an arterial approach to the annulus of the mitral valve, only in one case we used the transseptal approach, while the venous route to the atrial aspect of the tricuspid valvular annulus was chosen for right sided accessory connections. Ablation of 55 of 63 accessory connections was achieved (87% success) with a range of 1 to 42 applications of radiofrequency current. The sessions were completed within 19 to 180 minutes, and we used within 16 to 45 watts of radiofrequency current. Two patients had complications as a result of their ablation procedure. One patient had complete heart block but did not require pacemaker implantation, and other one had mitral regurgitation. A second session was necessary in three patients, two of three accessory pathways were ablated, giving a success rate of 90%. During a one year period of follow-up, we had 4 recurrences (7.2%). Catheter ablation using radiofrequency current is a highly effective and safe curative approach for treating young patients with supraventricular tachycardia mediated by accessory pathways. PMID:7840718

Iturralde, P; Saucedo, J; Colín, L; Kershenovich, S; Robledo, R; Garrido, A; González-Hermosillo, J A; Buendía, A

201

26 CFR 48.4061(b)-2 - Definition of parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...nuts, washers, screws, nails, tacks, rivets, pins, studs, cotters, pipe fittings such as plugs, tees, ells, and elbows, drain cocks, grease cups, oilers, and similar articles are not of themselves parts or accessories unless so...

2013-04-01

202

26 CFR 48.4061(b)-3 - Rebuilt, reconditioned, or repaired parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...replacements of worn parts) of automobile parts or accessories, such as fuel pumps, water pumps, carburetors, distributors, shock absorbers, windshield-wiper motors, brake shoes, clutch disks, voltage regulators, and other parts or...

2013-04-01

203

Isolated non-obstructive accessory mitral valve tissue in an adult mimicking ruptured chordae.  

PubMed

Accessory mitral valve tissue is commonly associated with other congenital heart diseases and is usually detected in children causing left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. We present an adult patient with isolated non-obstructive accessory mitral valve tissue that was mimicking ruptured chordae of the mitral valve. Accessory mitral valve tissue in adults is very rare and can mimick various causes of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. This patient represents the first case in literature wherein an unobstructive accessory mitral valve tissue simulated a ruptured chordae. This case illustrates that in patients with suspected mitral valve chordae rupture without any mitral regurgitation, this diagnosis should be considered, which can have therapeutic implications. PMID:23809393

Panduranga, Prashanth; Al-Mukhaini, Mohammed

2013-04-10

204

21 CFR 874.4760 - Nasopharyngoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4760 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES EAR, NOSE, AND THROAT DEVICES Surgical Devices § 874.4760 Nasopharyngoscope (flexible or rigid) and accessories....

2013-04-01

205

Pleomorphic adenoma occurring outside the submandibular gland: a case report of an accessory submandibular gland.  

PubMed

The accessory submandibular gland is a rare anatomic variant and the incidence of pathology reported within an accessory submandibular gland is even rarer. This report describes the case of a 22-year-old woman who presented with a slowly enlarging mass in the submandibular triangle, which on ultrasound examination suggested that it was close to, but not arising from, the submandibular gland. Fine-needle aspiration cytology was consistent with a pleomorphic adenoma. At surgery, the tumor was found to be entirely separate from the submandibular gland. This case presents an extremely rare occurrence of an accessory submandibular gland and, to the authors' knowledge, is the first report of a pleomorphic adenoma occurring within an accessory submandibular gland. PMID:23769461

Bryan, Stephanie; Bodner, Lipa; Manor, Esther; Brennan, Peter A

2013-06-14

206

26 CFR 48.4062(a)-1 - Specific parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4062(a)-1 Specific parts or accessories. Spark plugs, storage batteries, leaf springs, coils, timers, and tire chains, which are suitable for use on or in connection...

2009-04-01

207

Accessory cell defect in unresponsiveness of neonates and aged to polysaccharide vaccines.  

PubMed

T independent antigens elicit antibody responses in the absence of carrier specific T helper cells but require signals from accessory cells (macrophages and dendritic cells) or specific cytokines. They are further subdivided into TI-1 and TI-2 categories based on the ability of TI-1 but not TI-2 antigens to elicit immune responses from neonates. Most bacterial polysaccharides including the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines belong to the TI-2 class. It is hypothesized that defects in accessory cell function play a critical role in the failure of neonates to respond to such TI-2 antigens. Immune responses to these TI-2 stimuli are also reduced in the aged, also due to a quantitative deficiency in accessory cells. Agents that can stimulate accessory cell function may provide an alternative strategy to improve the immunogenicity of the polysaccharide vaccines in the neonates and the aged. PMID:11027821

Bondada, S; Wu, H; Robertson, D A; Chelvarajan, R L

2000-10-15

208

Sequential Anterograde and Retrograde Conduction Block during Radiofrequency Ablation of an Accessory Pathway  

PubMed Central

We present an interesting image showing sequential loss of anterograde, and subsequently, retrograde conduction during radiofrequency ablation of an accessory pathway. We discuss the possible mechanisms and prior literature concerning this interesting finding.

Ramasamy, Chandramohan; Ramteke, Rahul; Balachander, Jayaraman; Selvaraj, Raja

2013-01-01

209

One nose, one brain: contribution of the main and accessory olfactory system to chemosensation  

PubMed Central

The accessory olfactory system is present in most tetrapods. It is involved in the perception of chemical stimuli, being implicated also in the detection of pheromones. However, it is sensitive also to some common odorant molecules, which have no clear implication in intraspecific chemical communication. The accessory olfactory system may complement the main olfactory system and may contribute different perceptual features to the construction of a unitary representation, which merges the different chemosensory qualities. Crosstalk between the main and accessory olfactory systems occurs at different levels of central processing, in brain areas where the inputs from the two systems converge. Interestingly, centrifugal projections from more caudal brain areas are deeply involved in modulating both main and accessory sensory processing. A high degree of interaction between the two systems may be conceived and partial overlapping appears to occur in many functions. Therefore, the central chemosensory projections merge inputs from different organs to obtain a complex chemosensory picture.

Mucignat-Caretta, Carla; Redaelli, Marco; Caretta, Antonio

2012-01-01

210

Software Modifications to Total Data Reporting Accessory for Metabolic Measurement Cart.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Total Data Reporting Accessory available for the Beckman Metabolic Measurement Cart has characteristics which limit its use in a research laboratory. Storage of test results and retrieval for subsequent analysis is awkward. In addition, metabolic data...

R. W. Nolan C. W. Gibson S. D. Livingstone

1987-01-01

211

21 CFR 878.4400 - Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4400 Electrosurgical cutting and coagulation device and accessories....

2013-04-01

212

21 CFR 878.4820 - Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GENERAL AND PLASTIC SURGERY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 878.4820 Surgical instrument motors and accessories/attachments. (a)...

2013-04-01

213

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1919.28 Unit proof testsâcranes and gear accessory thereto. ...paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines...possible in both directions. If the jib or boom of the crane has a variable radius, it...

2010-07-01

214

29 CFR 1919.28 - Unit proof tests-cranes and gear accessory thereto.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1919.28 Unit proof testsâcranes and gear accessory thereto. ...paragraph (e) of this section, cranes and other hoisting machines...possible in both directions. If the jib or boom of the crane has a variable radius, it...

2009-07-01

215

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2009-04-01

216

21 CFR 876.4730 - Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and accessories...MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Surgical Devices § 876.4730 Manual gastroenterology-urology surgical instrument and...

2010-04-01

217

26 CFR 48.4061(b)-2 - Definition of parts or accessories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...bearings, bolts, nuts, washers, screws, nails, tacks, rivets, pins, studs, cotters, pipe fittings such as plugs, tees, ells, and elbows, drain cocks, grease cups, oilers, and similar articles are not of themselves parts or accessories...

2009-04-01

218

Substructure and accessory proteins in scallop myosin filaments  

PubMed Central

Native myosin filaments from scallop striated muscle fray into subfilaments of approximately 100-A diameter when exposed to solutions of low ionic strength. The number of subfilaments appears to be five to seven (close to the sevenfold rotational symmetry of the native filament), and the subfilaments probably coil around one another. Synthetic filaments assembled from purified scallop myosin at roughly physiological ionic strength have diameters similar to those of native filaments, but are much longer. They too can be frayed into subfilaments at low ionic strength. Synthetic filaments share what may be an important regulatory property with native filaments: an order- disorder transition in the helical arrangement of myosin cross-bridges that is induced on activation by calcium, removal of nucleotide, or modification of a myosin head sulfhydryl. Some native filaments from scallop striated muscle carry short "end filaments" protruding from their tips, comparable to the structures associated with vertebrate striated muscle myosin filaments. Gell electrophoresis of scallop muscle homogenates reveals the presence of high molecular weight proteins that may include the invertebrate counterpart of titin, a component of the vertebrate end filament. Although the myosin molecule itself may contain much of the information required to direct its assembly, other factors acting in vivo, including interactions with accessory proteins, probably contribute to the assembly of a precisely defined thick filament during myofibrillogenesis.

1989-01-01

219

Variations in the surface anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve in the posterior triangle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve has been widely documented and can have medico-legal implications. The resulting\\u000a syndrome of pain, paralysis and winging of the scapula are often the source of considerable morbidity. This paper researches\\u000a the degree of accuracy achievable in mapping the surface anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve in the region of the posterior\\u000a triangle with

A Symes; H Ellis

2005-01-01

220

Morphological study of accessory gland of Bothrops jararaca and its secretory cycle.  

PubMed

The venom gland apparatus of Bothrops jararaca is composed of four distinct parts: main venom gland, primary duct, accessory gland and secondary duct. Despite the numerous studies concerning morphology and venom production and secretion in the main venom gland, there are few studies about the accessory gland and its secretion. We characterized the accessory gland of B. jararaca snake and determined the secretion cycle by morphological analysis using light and transmission electron microscopy. Our data showed that the accessory gland of B. jararaca has a simple secretory epithelium with at least six types of cells in the anterior region: two types of secretory cells, mitochondria-rich cells without secretory vesicles, horizontal cells, dark cells and basal cells, and in the posterior region a simple epithelium with two types of cells: seromucous cells and horizontal cells. Furthermore, the mucous secretory cells of the accessory gland show a delayed and massive exocytosis that occurs four days after the extraction of venom. Morphological analysis at different steps after venom extraction showed that the accessory gland has a long cycle of production and secretion, which is not synchronous with the main venom gland secretory cycle. PMID:22227156

Sakai, Fernanda; Carneiro, Sylvia M; Yamanouye, Norma

2011-12-30

221

Properties of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students examine a number of key mineral properties and how they are displayed by different minerals. Mineral properties examined include crystal habit, cleavage, parting, fracture, hardness, tenacity, specific gravity, luster, color, and streak.

Perkins, Dexter

222

Rocks and Minerals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information on rocks and minerals, including the unique characteristics of each. Teaching activities on rock-hunting and identification, mineral configurations, mystery minerals, and growing crystals are provided. Reproducible worksheets are included for two of the activities. (TW)

Naturescope, 1987

1987-01-01

223

Minerals and Fossils  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is dedicated to rock and mineral collecting. It contains information for worldwide mineral and fossil collectors with articles, mineral photos, videos, a search engine and free classified ads.

Mineraltown.com

224

Alaska's Mineral Industry, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Alaska's mineral industry experienced positive growth during 1989, especially in the hard-rock mining and exploration sectors, but suffered declines in mineral development expenditures, in sand-and-gravel, and in stone production. Overall value of mineral...

T. K. Bundtzen R. C. Swainbank J. R. Deagen J. L. Moore

1990-01-01

225

Mineral Sands Down Under  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource describes what mineral sands are, and discusses the heavy, dark-colored minerals that they contain (rutile, ilmenite, zircon, monazite). A map shows locations of mineral sands deposits in Australia.

226

State Mineral Summaries, 1993.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The State Mineral Summaries publication provides estimated data and summaries of mineral activities at the State level for 1992. Most of the estimates are based on nine months data. Individual State summaries are published separately as State Mineral Indu...

1993-01-01

227

Minerals yearbook vol. I: metals and minerals  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This volume, covering metals and minerals, contains chapters on approximately 90 commodities. In addition, this volume has chapters on mining and quarrying trends and on statistical surveying methods used by Minerals Information, plus a statistical summary.

U.S. Geological Survey

228

Identification of Accessory Spleens During Laparoscopic Splenectomy Is Superior to Preoperative Computed Tomography for Detection of Accessory Spleens  

PubMed Central

Background: Missed accessory spleen (AcS) can cause recurrence of hematologic disease after splenectomy. The objective of the study was to determine whether detection of AcS is more accurate with preoperative computed tomography (CT) scan or with exploration during laparoscopic splenectomy. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed for 75 adult patients who underwent laparoscopic splenectomy for various hematologic disorders from 1999 to 2009. Preoperative CT scans were performed in all patients. Patients were followed for recurrence of disease, and a scintigraphy scan was performed in those with suspected missed AcS. Results: The most common diagnosis was idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura in 29 patients (39%), followed by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 22 patients (29%). Sixteen AcSs were found during surgery in 15 patients (20%), and preoperative CT scan identified 2 of these. Twelve AcSs were located at the splenic hilum (75%). Nine patients experienced recurrence of their disease, and none had a missed AcS on subsequent scintigraphy. Sensitivity of exploratory laparoscopy for detection of AcS was 100%, and for preoperative CT scan was 12.5% (P = .005). Conclusion: Exploratory laparoscopy during splenectomy is more accurate than preoperative imaging with CT scan for detection of AcS. Preoperative CT scan misses AcS frequently and should not be obtained for the purpose of its identification.

Pahuja, Anil K.; Nemeth, Zoltan H.; Abkin, Alexander; Carter, Mitchel S.

2012-01-01

229

VPAC receptors: structure, molecular pharmacology and interaction with accessory proteins  

PubMed Central

The vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neuropeptide with wide distribution in both central and peripheral nervous systems, where it plays important regulatory role in many physiological processes. VIP displays a large biological functions including regulation of exocrine secretions, hormone release, fetal development, immune responses, etc. VIP appears to exert beneficial effect in neuro-degenerative and inflammatory diseases. The mechanism of action of VIP implicates two subtypes of receptors (VPAC1 and VPAC2), which are members of class B receptors belonging to the super-family of GPCR. This article reviews the current knowledge regarding the structure and molecular pharmacology of VPAC receptors. The structure–function relationship of VPAC1 receptor has been extensively studied, allowing to understand the molecular basis for receptor affinity, specificity, desensitization and coupling to adenylyl cyclase. Those studies have clearly demonstrated the crucial role of the N-terminal ectodomain (N-ted) of VPAC1 receptor in VIP recognition. By using different approaches including directed mutagenesis, photoaffinity labelling, NMR, molecular modelling and molecular dynamic simulation, it has been shown that the VIP molecule interacts with the N-ted of VPAC1 receptor, which is itself structured as a ‘Sushi’ domain. VPAC1 receptor also interacts with a few accessory proteins that play a role in cell signalling of receptors. Recent advances in the structural characterization of VPAC receptor and more generally of class B GPCRs will lead to the design of new molecules, which could have considerable interest for the treatment of inflammatory and neuro-degenerative diseases. LINKED ARTICLES This article is part of a themed section on Secretin Family (Class B) G Protein-Coupled Receptors. To view the other articles in this section visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.2012.166.issue-1

Couvineau, Alain; Laburthe, Marc

2012-01-01

230

Regulation of the epithelial sodium channel by accessory proteins.  

PubMed Central

The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is of fundamental importance in the control of sodium fluxes in epithelial cells. Modulation of sodium reabsorption through the distal nephron ENaC is an important component in the overall control of sodium balance, blood volume and thereby of blood pressure. This is clearly demonstrated by rare genetic disorders of sodium-channel activity (Liddle's syndrome and pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1), associated with contrasting effects on blood pressure. The mineralocorticoid aldosterone is a well-established modulator of sodium-channel activity. Considerable insight has now been gained into the intracellular signalling pathways linking aldosterone-mediated changes in gene transcription with changes in ion transport. Activating pathways include aldosterone-induced proteins and especially the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase (SGK) and the small G-protein, K-Ras 2A. Targeting of the ENaC for endocytosis and degradation is now emerging as a major mechanism for the down-regulation of channel activity. Several proteins acting in concert are an intrinsic part of this process but Nedd4 (neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated 4) is of central importance. Other mechanisms known to interact with ENaC and affect sodium transport include channel-activating protease 1 (CAP-1), a membrane-anchored protein, and the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator. The implications of research on accessory factors controlling ENaC activity are wide-ranging. Understanding cellular mechanisms controlling ENaC activity may provide a more detailed insight not only of ion-channel abnormalities in cystic fibrosis but also of the link between abnormal renal sodium transport and essential hypertension.

Gormley, Kelly; Dong, Yanbin; Sagnella, Giuseppe A

2003-01-01

231

Introduction to Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity can be used as the introduction for a unit on mineral or crystal structure. It requires the students to create shapes cooperatively and put them together. This is analogous to individual crystals forming or to minerals forming. They will understand that minerals are made up of structures in certain patterns, and that these structures determine some of the properties of the minerals.

232

Mineral Scavenger Hunt  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners participate in a scavenger hunt, searching for and recognizing minerals and products that contain minerals. They make note of their finds on a Mineral Scavenger Hunt checklist. Learners search for the materials in their classroom, at home, or even in stores. This resource includes discussion questions to encourage learner reflection about how minerals play a role in daily life.

History, National M.

2010-01-01

233

The geologic relationships of industrial mineral deposits and asbestos in the western united states  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In recent years, U.S. regulatory agencies have placed emphasis on identifying and regulating asbestos dust exposures in the mining environment, with a particular focus upon industrial mineral deposits in which asbestos occurs as an accessory mineral. Because asbestos minerals form in specific geologic environments, only certain predictable types of industrial mineral deposits can potentially host asbestos mineralization. By applying a basic knowledge of asbestos geology, the costly and time consuming efforts of asbestos monitoring and analyses can be directed towards those mineral deposit types most likely to contain asbestos mineralogy, while saving efforts on the mineral deposits that are unlikely to contain asbestos. While the vast majority of industrial mineral deposits in the Western United States are asbestos-free, there are several types that can, in some instances, host asbestos mineralization, or be closely associated with it. These industrial mineral deposits include a few types of aggregate, dimension, and decorative stone, and some deposits of chromite-nickel, magnesite, nepheline syenite, olivine, rare earth elements, talc, vermiculite, and wollastonite.

VanGosen, B. S.

2009-01-01

234

A permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia with an atypically located accessory pathway successfully ablated from within the middle cardiac vein.  

PubMed

Permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia due to an accessory pathway characterized by slow and decremental retrograde conduction. The majority of accessory pathways in PJRT are localized in the posteroseptal zone. Despite the high success rate, failure may occur during endocardial radiofrequency catheter ablation due to epicardial insertion of the accessory pathway. We report a case of PJRT in a 25-year-old man in whom the accessory pathway was located epicardially in the posteroinferior region and ablated from within the middle cardiac vein by radiofrequency catheter ablation. PMID:16715194

Amasyali, Basri; Kose, Sedat; Aytemir, Kudret; Kilic, Ayhan; Kursaklioglu, Hurkan; Isik, Ersoy

2006-05-01

235

Structure and diversity in mammalian accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

The accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) is the first neural integrative center for the olfactory-like vomeronasal sensory system. In this article, we first briefly present an overview of vomeronasal system organization and review the history of the discovery of mammalian AOB. Next, we briefly review the evolution of the vomeronasal system in vertebrates, in particular the reptiles. Following these introductory aspects, the structure of the rodent AOB, as typical of the well-developed mammalian AOB, is presented, detailing laminar organization and cell types as well as aspects of the homology with the main olfactory bulb. Then, the evolutionary origin and diversity of the AOB in mammalian orders and species is discussed, describing structural, phylogenetic, and species-specific variation in the AOB location, shape, and size and morphologic differentiation and development. The AOB is believed to be absent in fishes but present in terrestrial tetrapods including amphibians; among the reptiles AOB is absent in crocodiles, present in turtles, snakes, and some lizards where it may be as large or larger than the main bulb. The AOB is absent in bird and in the aquatic mammals (whales, porpoises, manatees). Among other mammals, AOB is present in the monotremes and marsupials, edentates, and in the majority of the placental mammals like carnivores, herbivores, as well as rodents and lagomorphs. Most bat species do not have an AOB and among those where one is found, it shows marked variation in size and morphologic development. Among insectivores and primates, AOB shows marked variation in occurrence, size, and morphologic development. It is small in shrews and moles, large in hedgehogs and prosimians; AOB continues to persist in New World monkeys but is not found in the adults of the higher primates such as the Old World monkeys, apes, and humans. In many species where AOB is absent in the adult, it often develops in the embryo and fetus but regresses in later stages of development. Finally, new areas in vomeronasal system research such as the diversity of receptor molecules and the regional variation in receptor neuron type as well as in the output neurons of the AOB and their projection pathways are briefly discussed. In view of the pronounced diversity of size, morphologic differentiation, and phylogenetic development, the need to explore new functions for the vomeronasal system in areas other than sexual and reproductive behaviors is emphasized. PMID:9880163

Meisami, E; Bhatnagar, K P

1998-12-15

236

Fine structure of the spermatheca and of the accessory glands in Orchesella villosa (Collembola, Hexapoda).  

PubMed

The spermatheca and the accessory glands of the collembolan Orchesella villosa are described for the first time. Both organs exhibit ultrastructural differences, according to the time of the intermolt in which the specimens were observed. A thick cuticular layer lines the epithelial cells of the accessory glands. In the reproductive phase, they are involved in secretory activity; a moderately dense secretion found in the apical cell region opens into the gland lumen. Cells with an extracellular cistern are intermingled with the secretory cells. These cells could be involved in fluid secretion, with the secretory product opening into the cistern which is filled with an electron-transparent material. After the reproductive phase, the gland lumen becomes filled with a dense secretion. The accessory gland secretion may play a protective role towards the eggs. The spermatheca is located between the accessory glands; its epithelium is lined by a thin cuticle forming spine-like projections into the lumen and consists of cells provided with an extracellular cistern. Secretory cells, similar to those seen in the accessory glands, are missing. Cells with a cistern could be involved in the production of a fluid secretion determining sperm unrolling and sperm motility. PMID:18157861

Dallai, Romano; Zizzari, Zaira Valentina; Fanciulli, Pietro Paolo

2008-04-01

237

Minerals 4 Kids  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Minerals 4 Kids contains four Web-based activities offered for K-12 Education by the Mineralogical Society of America (MSA). These activities are entitled: Minerals in Your House, Mineral Groups, Mineral Properties, and All About Crystals. Also included are links to Mineral Games, the Rock Cycle diagram that leads to descriptions of the three rock types, and Ask-A-Mineralogist that enables the user to submit a mineralogical question. Many of these activities are linked to other mineralogy-related Web sites. Minerals in Your House is designed to introduce the concept of how minerals are present in common household items found in the bedroom, bathroom, living room, and kitchen. Mineral Groups introduces mineral classification according to chemical composition. The learner can explore each of the seven major chemical groups and several minor chemical groups. Mineral Properties introduces learners to the physical properties of minerals such as hardness, cleavage, streak, color, luster, specific gravity, as well as other miscellaneous properties (i.e., magnetic, effervescence, striations, etc.). Mineral Properties, additionally, contains a five-step Mineral Identification process that uses the physical properties to narrow down a mineral's identity that, ultimately, leads to a Mineral Identification Chart. All About Crystals enables the learner to become familiar with symmetry, crystal symmetry, crystal chemistry, and crystal forms. This activity includes online 3-D models, an activity that enables the user to draw and explore symmetry patterns, a variety of detailed descriptions with figures, and an extensive vocabulary

Mcmillan, Nancy

238

Spinal Accessory Neuropathy Associated With the Tumor Located on the Jugular Foramen  

PubMed Central

Spinal accessory neuropathy is commonly caused by iatrogenic injury or secondary to trauma or infection. Nevertheless, the tumor related palsy is rare. We present a case of an 18-year-old male patient suffering from paralysis of his right trapezius and sternocleidomastoid muscle. An electrophysiologic diagnostic study confirmed the spinal accessory neuropathy of the proximal segment. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging showed the location of tumor on the jugular foramen. However, the type of the tumor was not confirmed through biopsy because the patient refused surgical procedure. Based on the study, it is hypothesized that the tumor located on the jugular foramen should be considered as a cause of the spinal accessory nerve of the proximal segment.

Lee, Soyoung; Lee, Jieun; Kim, Inhwan

2013-01-01

239

Cerebello-olivary and lateral (accessory) cuneate degeneration in a juvenile American Miniature horse.  

PubMed

A 12-month-old American Miniature horse colt was presented to the Virginia Tech Veterinary Teaching Hospital with a 7-month history of progressive ataxia. Physical examination revealed a head intention tremor, base-wide stance, and ataxia. Necropsy findings were confined to the brain. There were bilateral areas of liquefactive necrosis and cavitation corresponding to the dorsal accessory olivary and lateral (accessory) cuneate nuclei. Cerebellar folia of the dorsal vermis were thin. Microscopically, the cerebellar cortex was characterized by patchy areas of Purkinje cell loss with associated variable thinning of the molecular and granule cell layers and astrogliosis. Dorsal accessory olivary and lateral cuneate nuclei were cavitated and had mild glial response around their periphery. Additionally, a focus of necrosis and neuropil vacuolization was found in the right putamen. These findings indicate the presence of a neurodegenerative disorder centered, but not confined to, the cerebellum and its connections in this American Miniature horse colt. PMID:10810993

Fox, J; Duncan, R; Friday, P; Klein, B; Scarratt, W

2000-05-01

240

Hyperbolic deformation of the strip-equation and the accessory parameters for the torus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By applying an hyperbolic deformation to the uniformization problem for the infinite strip, we give a method for computing the accessory parameter for the torus with one source as an expansion in the modular parameter q. At O( q 0) we obtain the same equation for the accessory parameter and the same value of the semiclassical action as the one obtained from the b ? 0 limit of the quantum one point function. The procedure can be carried over to the full O( q 2) or even higher order corrections although the procedure becomes somewhat complicated. Here we compute to order q 2 the correction to the weight parameter intervening in the conformal factor and it is shown that the unwanted contribution O( q) to the accessory parameter equation cancel exactly.

Menotti, Pietro

2013-09-01

241

Peripheral targets of centrally located putative accessory neurons of MRO in the isopod Ligia exotica.  

PubMed

The three centrally located putative accessory neurons of the muscle receptor organ (MRO) of the isopod Ligia exotica were identified to the third segmental nerve (N3) of the thoracic ganglion by backfilling with Lucifer Yellow. These neurons were then studied intracellularly and extracellularly to determine whether they suppressed the stretch-activated responses of thoracic stretch receptors. Intracellular injection of depolarizing currents into these three putative accessory neurons revealed that only neuron #3 had an inhibitory effect, suggesting that it is an inhibitory accessory neuron related to thoracic stretch receptors. We searched for the peripheral targets of neurons #1 and #2 by intracellular filling with Lucifer Yellow or by recording of junctional potentials in extensor muscles, and show that they are motor neurons that innervate the deep extensor and superficial extensor muscles, respectively. PMID:12819268

Hama, Noriyuki; Okada, Yoshinori; Pollák, Edit; Molnár, László; Niida, Akiyoshi

2003-08-01

242

Identification of Three Urease Accessory Proteins That Are Required for Urease Activation in Arabidopsis1  

PubMed Central

Urease is a nickel-containing urea hydrolase involved in nitrogen recycling from ureide, purine, and arginine catabolism in plants. The process of urease activation by incorporation of nickel into the active site is a prime example of chaperone-mediated metal transfer to an enzyme. Four urease accessory proteins are required for activation in Klebsiella aerogenes. In plants urease accessory proteins have so far been only partially defined. Using reverse genetic tools we identified four genes that are necessary for urease activity in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana; ecotypes Columbia and Nössen). Plants bearing T-DNA or Ds element insertions in either the structural gene for urease or in any of the three putative urease accessory genes AtureD, AtureF, and AtureG lacked the corresponding mRNAs and were defective in urease activity. In contrast to wild-type plants, the mutant lines were not able to support growth with urea as the sole nitrogen source. To investigate whether the identified accessory proteins would be sufficient to support eukaryotic urease activation, the corresponding cDNAs were introduced into urease-negative Escherichia coli. In these bacteria, urease activity was observed only when all three plant accessory genes were coexpressed together with the plant urease gene. Remarkably, plant urease activation occurred as well in cell-free E. coli extracts, but only in extracts from cells that had expressed all three accessory proteins. The future molecular dissection of the plant urease activation process may therefore be performed in vitro, providing a powerful tool to further our understanding of the biochemistry of chaperone-mediated metal transfer processes in plants.

Witte, Claus-Peter; Rosso, Mario G.; Romeis, Tina

2005-01-01

243

Ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy-induced accessory renal artery bleeding in an amyloidosis patient  

PubMed Central

Abstract Ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy is an important technique for diagnosis of glomerular diseases, and the biopsy-induced life-threatening bleeding rarely happens. Primary systemic amyloidosis is a rare disease which may lead to organ dysfunction including arterial stiffness. The accessory renal artery is a kind of renal vascular variation which goes into the renal parenchyma directly or via the renal hilum. Here we reported a rare case of percutaneous renal biopsy-induced accessory renal artery life-threatening bleeding in a renal amyloidosis patient, and our experience of successful rescue in this patient. Virtual Slides http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1524207344817819

2012-01-01

244

Optical diffuse reflectance accessory for measurements of skin tissue by near-infrared spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An optimized accessory for measuring the diffuse reflectance spectra of human skin tissue in the near-infrared spectral range is presented. The device includes an on-axis ellipsoidal collecting mirror with efficient illumination optics for small sampling areas of bulky body specimens. The optical design is supported by the results of a Monte Carlo simulation study of the reflectance characteristics of skin tissue. Because the results evolved from efforts to measure blood glucose noninvasively, the main emphasis is placed on the long-wavelength near-infrared range where sufficient penetration depth for radiation into tissue is still available. The accessory is applied for in vivo diffuse reflectance measurements.

Marbach, R.; Heise, H. M.

1995-02-01

245

Accessory lobe of the right liver mocking a pulmonary tumor in an adult woman.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of an accessory lobe of the liver in the right thoracic cavity with the past history of breast cancer. A 66-year-old woman underwent thoracotomy owing to a slowly growing suspected lung tumor identified by computed tomography. The intraoperative findings revealed an accessory lobe of the liver. If this possibility had been considered, the correct diagnosis could have been achieved using computed tomography with multi-directional scanning, so that an unnecessary operation could have been avoided. PMID:22618988

Kitamura, Yuka; Sakakura, Noriaki; Uchida, Tatsuo; Suyama, Motokazu

2012-05-23

246

ESF GROUND SUPPORT - MATERIAL DEDICATION ANALYSIS FOR STRUCTURAL STEEL AND ACCESSORIES FROM A COMMERCIAL GRADE SOURCE  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to select the critical characteristics to be verified for steel sets and accessories and the verification methods to be implemented through a material dedication process for the procurement and use of commercial grade structural steel sets and accessories (which have a nuclear safety function) to be used in ground support (with the exception of alcove ground support and alcove opening framing, which are not addressed in this analysis) for the Exploratory Studies Facility (ESF) Topopah Spring (TS) Loop. The ESF TS Loop includes the North Ramp, Main Drift, and South Ramp underground openings.

M.D. Stine

1996-01-23

247

Peroneus quartus, an accessory muscle in human: case report and its clinical importance.  

PubMed

The peroneus quartus is an accessory peroneal muscle seen in man. The term 'peroneus quartus' is often used to refer one or several of the accessory peroneal muscles. In this case, we report an unusual type of peroneus quartus which was originating from the muscular portion of the peroneus brevis and inserting onto the peroneus longus tendon. The clinical implications are emphasized with the morphological significance and literature review. The orthopedic surgeons and radiologists should be aware of the possible presence of this muscle not only because of its associated pathology, but also for its potential use in plastic surgeries. PMID:23007814

Murlimanju, B V; D'Souza, P S; Prabhu, L V; Saralaya, V V; David, S J

2012-07-01

248

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus accessory protein 4a is a type I interferon antagonist.  

PubMed

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe acute respiratory infection with as yet unclear epidemiology. We previously showed that MERS-CoV counteracts parts of the innate immune response in human bronchiolar cells. Here we analyzed accessory proteins 3, 4a, 4b, and 5 for their abilities to inhibit the type I interferon response. Accessory protein 4a was found to block interferon induction at the level of melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5) activation presumably by direct interaction with double-stranded RNA. PMID:24027320

Niemeyer, Daniela; Zillinger, Thomas; Muth, Doreen; Zielecki, Florian; Horvath, Gabor; Suliman, Tasnim; Barchet, Winfried; Weber, Friedemann; Drosten, Christian; Müller, Marcel A

2013-09-11

249

Insights learned from pBTAi1, a 229-kb accessory plasmid from Bradyrhizobium sp. strain BTAi1 and prevalence of accessory plasmids in other Bradyrhizobium sp. strains  

Microsoft Academic Search

In silico, physiological and in planta analyses were used to characterize pBTAi1, a 229-kb accessory plasmid from Bradyrhizobium sp. strain BTAi1, and assess its potential ecological function under free-living and symbiotic growth conditions. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of an uptake hydrogenase system, a repABC family plasmid replication module and open reading frames encoding type IV secretion system, TraI and

Eddie J Cytryn; Siriluck Jitacksorn; Eric Giraud; Michael J Sadowsky

2008-01-01

250

Mineral Spectroscopy Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This server is primarily dedicated to providing information about color in minerals and access to data on mineral absorption in the visible, infrared, Raman and Mossbauer spectra. Both data coordinates and images of the spectra are available for selected minerals. Most data on the server were obtained in the Caltech mineral spectroscopy labs, but individuals throughout the world also contribute to this ever growing community resource. In addition to data files, the site provides an extensive list of references to papers on mineral optical spectroscopy. Citations are available sorted both by mineral name and by first authors of papers.

Rossman, George

251

Heavy Mineral Processing at Richards Bay Minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Located on the eastern shores of South Africa, 180 km north of Durban, Richards Bay Minerals (RBM) produces approximately 2.0 million metric tonnes of product annually making RBM a leading producer of titania slag, high purity pig iron, rutile and zircon. Heavy minerals are extracted from the nearby dunes by dredging and concentration on a floating gravity separation plant, followed

G. E. Williams; J. D. Steenkamp; Richards Bay Minerals; Richards Bay

252

Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus, and Magnesium  

MedlinePLUS

... Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus, and Magnesium Healthy Living Listen Minerals: Calcium, Phosphorus, and Magnesium Article Body Three minerals— calcium , phosphorus, and magnesium—account for 98% of ...

253

Herbs, Vitamins, and Minerals  

MedlinePLUS

Herbs, Vitamins, and Minerals Aloe The aloe plant, a member of the lily family, is a common household plant originally from Africa. Arnica ... Central and South America. Calcium Calcium is a mineral that is vital for a number of bodily ...

254

Mineral spirits poisoning  

MedlinePLUS

... the harmful effects from swallowing or breathing in mineral spirits. This is for information only and not ... The poisonous ingredients in mineral spirits are hydrocarbons, which ... only hydrogen and carbon. Examples are benzene and methane.

255

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What minerals are in your toothpaste? A pencil? A telephone? This interactive resource adapted from the U.S. Geological Survey illustrates the variety of minerals used in everyday items found in kitchens, bathrooms, offices, and yards.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2005-12-17

256

Minerals Yearbook: Cuba, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nickel was the most important mineral commodity to the Cuban economy followed by cobalt, which was produced as a byproduct of nickel mining. Other minerals produced in the country included cement, clays, crushed stone, feldspar, salt, and silica sand. Cub...

O. Bermudez-Lugo

2008-01-01

257

Dewatering of mineral slurries  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

Mineral slurries are effectively dewatered by a process employing an aminofunctional silicone emulsion as a dewatering aid. The process provides for mixing the dewatering aid with the aqueous mineral slurry and thereafter separating the treated slurry into a mineral portion and an aqueous portion. The use of the aminofunctional silicones provide for reduced moisture content and/or increased production rate in a mineral slurry dewatering process.

Cooper; Ian V. (Georgetown, CA)

1985-06-25

258

Sedimentary and Related Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this three-part exercise, students study hand samples and thin sections of sedimentary minerals and rocks. Part one - Box of Rocks: Students examine a tray of Halides, Carbonates, Borates, and Clays and record their physical properties, composition, habit, and occurence. They note chemical and physical similarities and differences of the minerals. Part two - Definitions: Define a list of terms relevent to the lab. Part three - Minerals in Thin Section: Observe sedimentary minerals in thin section and answer questions about them.

Perkins, Dexter

259

The use of the scanning electron microscope in the determination of the mineral composition of Ballachulish slate  

SciTech Connect

Slate is a fine-grained, low-grade metamorphic rock derived from argillaceous sediments or occasionally volcanic ash. Although most slates contain mainly quartz, chlorite and white mica, they vary considerably in their durability, some lasting centuries while others fail after a few years of service. A detailed characterisation of their mineralogy is required for the assessment of performance, and to establish the provenance of a used slate. A combination of methods was used to examine Ballachulish slates; XRD analysis to determine the principal minerals present, XRF analysis to determine the total chemical composition, and scanning electron microscopy to determine the chemical composition of individual minerals. It was found that the white mica in Ballachulish slate is phengite and the chlorite is ripidolite. Feldspar is present as albite and carbonate as ferroan dolomite. Several accessory minerals were also identified, including chloritoid, monzonite and zircon. There was considerable variation in the ratio of the principal minerals, making it impossible to identify used slates by this criterion. Instead, chemical composition of the individual minerals, and possibly key accessory minerals, should be used to determine the provenance of slates.

Walsh, Joan A. [University of Paisley, Scotland (United Kingdom)], E-mail: ja_walsh@tiscali.co.uk

2007-11-15

260

Seaweed minerals as nutraceuticals.  

PubMed

Seaweed is known as an abundant source of minerals. Mineral composition of seaweed is very changeable because of many exogenous and endogenous factors and differs also within the same species. Principally, seaweed is an excellent source of some essential elements. Mainly, iron and iodine are in high concentration. Seaweeds could be prospective as functional foods and also producers of mineral nutraceuticals. PMID:22054962

Mišurcová, Ladislava; Mach?, Ludmila; Orsavová, Jana

2011-01-01

261

Seaweed Minerals as Nutraceuticals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seaweed is known as an abundant source of minerals. Mineral composition of seaweed is very changeable because of many exogenous and endogenous factors and differs also within the same species. Principally, seaweed is an excellent source of some essential elements. Mainly, iron and iodine are in high concentration. Seaweeds could be prospective as functional foods and also producers of mineral

Ladislava Mišurcová; Ludmila Mach?; Jana Orsavová

2011-01-01

262

Minerals in our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This downloadable poster (36 in. by 60 in.) describes how minerals are used in household substances and objects, listed by name, with numbers corresponding to locations in a typical house. For example, in the kitchen, appliances contain steel and copper, clay minerals are found in china, and table salt contains the mineral halite.

263

INTRODUCTION TO MINERALS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DESK Standard: Understand the basic properties of minerals. . DATES: You can begin this activity on December 11. You should complete it by December 15. OBJECTIVE: You will visit Web sites to learn more about minerals. You will record 10 interesting facts about minerals on a blank sheet of paper. After visiting the last Web ...

Hughes, Mr.

2005-10-23

264

Color in Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Why do minerals have color? When is that color diagnostic, and when is it likely to fool you? Why is color important, and what can it tell us about the chemistry of minerals? This exercise will try to answer some of these questions, and to introduce students to the fascinating world of mineral spectroscopy, where chemistry meets mineralogy.

Dyar, Darby

265

The fidelity of DNA synthesis by yeast DNA polymerase zeta alone and with accessory proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

DNA polymerase zeta (pol z) participates in several DNA transactions in eukaryotic cells that increase spontaneous and damage-induced mutagenesis. To better understand this central role in mutagenesis in vivo, here we report the fidelity of DNA synthesis in vitro by yeast pol z alone and with RFC, PCNA and RPA. Overall, the accessory proteins have little effect on the fidelity

Xuejun Zhong; Parie Garg; Stephanie A. Nick McElhinny; Carrie M Stith; Grace E. Kissling; Peter M. J. Burgers; Thomas A. Kunkel

2006-01-01

266

Accessory hepatic vein to pulmonary venous atrium as a cause of cyanosis after the Fontan operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of an accessory hepatic vein to the pulmonary venous atrium should be considered in the setting of progressive cyanosis following the Fontan procedure. An inferior vena caval angiogram with “levophase” should demonstrate it. Surgical intervention or trans-catheter occlusion should lead to prompt resolution of cyanosis.

Patricio Fernandez-Martorell; Mark S. Sklansky; Victor W. Lucas; Iraj A. Kashani; Mark W. Cocalis; Stuart W. Jamieson; Abraham Rothman

1996-01-01

267

Modification of Synapse Formation of Accessory Olfactory Bulb Neurons by Coculture with Vomeronasal Neurons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previously, a coculture system of accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) neurons and vomeronasal (VN) neurons was established for studying the functional roles of AOB neurons in pheromonal signal processing. In this study, the effect of VN neurons on the development of AOB neurons was examined in a coculture system. Spine density was quantitatively measured for various culture periods of 21, 28,

Yuuki Ishimatsu; Keiko Moriya-Ito; Kazuyo Muramoto; Masumi Ichikawa

2006-01-01

268

Complementary use of computerized tomography and technetium scanning in the diagnosis of accessory spleen  

SciTech Connect

A patient with a previous splenectomy presented with acute gastrointestinal bleeding. He was found to have a benign gastric ulcer, esophagogastric varices, and a mass indenting the gastric fundus. Abdominal computerized tomography and technetium liver-spleen scanning established the diagnosis of an accessory spleen as cause for the mass effect. This diagnostic approach obviated the need for arteriography and exploratory laparotomy.

Joshi, S.N.; Wolverson, M.K.; Cusworth, R.B.; Nair, S.G.; Perrillo, R.P.

1980-11-01

269

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle with high division of the tibial nerve  

Microsoft Academic Search

An accessory flexor digitorum longus muscle associated with a high division of the tibial nerve was encountered during routine dissection in the right leg of a newborn cadaver. The tibial nerve divided into its two terminal branches at a higher level than normal with a small branch from the tibial nerve contributing to one of the terminal branches. In addition,

Z. Kurtoglu; M. H. Uluutku; M. A. Çan; S. Önderoglu

2001-01-01

270

BIOPRODUCTS OF AUTOMOTIVE ACCESSORIES: RETHINKING DESIGN MATERIALS THROUGH CORNSTARCH, SUGARCANE AND HEMP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current bioproducts or bio-based products do not only require less energy to produce than petroleum-based products, they are made with renewable sources that engineered from excessive waste and natural local materials. This paper identifies alternative design solutions by suggesting a use of natural materials such as cornstarch, sugarcanes and hemp in designing automotive accessories. Leading automotive industries have focused on

Apisak Sindhuphak

271

Electrical properties of different composite materials for stress relief in HV cable accessories  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to ensure optimal electrical performances of high voltage cable accessories an important aspect which determine both the steady-state long-term and impulse performances of the components, resides on the appropriate selection of the grading material. The use of a simple circuital approach, and significant control parameters, allow the evaluation of suitable limits for the values of the resistivity and

L. Egiziano; V. Tucci; G. Lupo; C. Petrarca

1995-01-01

272

The First Isotopic Dating of the Dhofar 025 Lunar Meteorite by UPb Method Using Accessory Zircon  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the first time Dhofar 025 meteorite is dated by U-Pb method using the accessory zircon. Acquired ages of zircon grain and breccia are 4, 5 and 2 Ga respectively. Our results suggest that Dhofar 025 is a unique rock ejected from the lunar farside.

E. M. Leontieva; D. I. Matukov; M. A. Nazarov; S. A. Sergeev; Yu. A. Shukolyukov

2005-01-01

273

Modification of accessory activity of peritoneal cells from Fasciola hepatica infected rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of Fasciola hepatica excretory—secretory antigen (ESA) was studied in the modulation of the accessory functions of peritoneal cells (PC) of rats infected with the parasite. PC rats infected with F. hepatica 7 and 14 days previously showed a marked decrease in phagocytic activity against Candida tropicalis (P < 0.007 and P < 0.004, respectively). The same effect was

Diana T. Masih; Laura Cervi; Jose M. Casado

1996-01-01

274

Successful Ablation of Resistant Left Lateral Accessory Pathway and Coexisting Atypical Atrioventricular Nodal Reentrant Tachycardia  

PubMed Central

A 41-year-old male was presented with drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia. Electrophysiological study confirmed that the supraventricular tachycardia was caused by dual atrioventricular nodal pathways and a left lateral accessory pathway (AP). The left lateral AP was resistant to traditional endocardial ablation, but was successfully eliminated by radiofrequency ablation via the intracoronary sinus approach.

2013-01-01

275

Shoulder complaints after neck dissection; is the spinal accessory nerve involved?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to investigate the relation between shoulder morbidity (pain and range of motion), and the function of the spinal accessory nerve after neck dissection. Identifying dysfunction of the nerve gives insight in the mechanisms of post-operative shoulder complaints. In total 112 patients after neck dissection (73 males\\/39 females), mean (SD) age 61 (13) years,

C. P van Wilgen; P. U. Dijkstra; B. F. A. M van der Laan; J. T. Plukker; J. L. N. Roodenburg

2003-01-01

276

SURGICAL ANATOMY OF SPINAL ACCESSORY NERVE: IS TRAPEZIUS FUNCTIONAL DEFICIT INEVITABLE AFTER DIVISION OF THE NERVE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The course of spinal accessory nerve in the posterior triangle, the innervation of the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles and the contributions from the cervical plexus were studied in 20 cadaveric dissections. The nerve was most vulnerable to iatrogenic injuries after leaving the sternocleidomastoid. Direct innervation of trapezius by cervical plexus branches was noted in five dissections, whereas connections between the

Z. H. DAILIANA; H. MEHDIAN; A. GILBERT

2001-01-01

277

[The radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways in 100 consecutive patients with supraventricular tachycardias].  

PubMed

The purpose of this study is to describe the results and the complications of radiofrequency catheter ablation, of accessory pathways in 100 consecutive patients. We had one patient with two pathways. Of the 101 accessory pathways, 56 were overt and 45 concealed. Only 19 patients have had a previous electrophysiology study, in the others, the study and the ablation were performed simultaneously. The location of the accessory pathways were as follows: 61 pathways in the free wall of the left ventricle, 4 in the free wall of the right ventricle, 25 in the left posteroseptal region, 9 in the right posteroseptal region and 2 in the right anteroseptal area. The time required for the diagnostic component of the electrophysiology study, the ablation procedure and the fluoroscopic time was recorded for each patient. Ninety-one of 101 accessory AV connections were successfully ablated (90%). Our success rate for the initial attempt was 87%. We had the opportunity to do a second attempt in only 4 out of 14 patients. The mean time of the procedure, including the electrophysiology test and the ablation was 95.6 %/-55.3 minutes. We have had a recurrence of 9% and 4% of non fatal complications. Radiofrequency catheter ablation can be performed safely and with a high success rate. PMID:8466365

Colín, L; Kershenovich, S; Iturralde, P; Dan, L; Martínez Ríos, M A; Casanova, M; González Hermosillo, J A

278

Environmental sensitivity of Ru(II) complexes: the role of the accessory ligands.  

PubMed

A suite of Ru(II) complexes in which one ligand is pH responsive and the other two are varied in an effort to achieve improved photophysics has been synthesized and their potential as pH reporters assessed. The more general purpose of the study was to examine the role of the accessory ligands in heteroleptic reporter complexes and the degree to which such ligands can affect the performance of luminescent reporters. For this suite of complexes, judicious choice of the accessory ligand can alter both the pK(a)* and the dynamic range of response. It was found that the emission color and brightness were influenced by pH, but the lifetimes were only weakly affected. Surprisingly, some accessory ligands which should have improved luminescent properties essentially turned off the pH response. Several possible reasons for this observation are explored. It is suggested, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations support, that the relative ?* levels of the pH sensitive and the accessory ligands are critical. PMID:22394071

Dixon, Eileen N; Snow, Michael Z; Bon, Jennifer L; Whitehurst, Alison M; DeGraff, Benjamin A; Trindle, Carl; Demas, James N

2012-03-06

279

Functional organization of olfactory processing in the accessory lobe of the spiny lobster  

Microsoft Academic Search

An isolated brain preparation was used to characterize neurons innervating the accessory lobe (AL) of the spiny lobster (Panulirus argus). Four distinct classes of neurons responded to electrical stimulation of the olfactory (antennular) nerve. These cells responded to electrical stimulation with a long and variable latency; they also responded to odor stimulation in a nose-brain preparation. Neurons connecting the AL

M. Wachowiak; C. E. Diebel; B. W. Ache

1996-01-01

280

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of concealed accessory pathways in two dogs with symptomatic atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundRadiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) is widely used as a curative therapeutic strategy in human beings with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), but rarely applied in animals. This report describes successful RFCA of atrioventricular accessory pathways (AP) in two dogs with episodic weakness caused by frequent paroxysms of supraventricular tachycardia.

Roberto A. Santilli; Giammario Spadacini; Paolo Moretti; Manuela Perego; Alberto Perini; Alberto Tarducci; Serena Crosara; Jorge A. Salerno-Uriarte

2006-01-01

281

Sesamoids and accessory ossicles of the foot: anatomical variability and related pathology.  

PubMed

Sesamoids and accessory ossicles seen in the foot vary widely in their prevalence and appearance. Occasionally, these bones may be associated with painful syndromes, due to various pathologies, including trauma, infection, inflammation, degeneration and others. However, symptomatic accessory and sesamoid bones are rare, and search for additional pathology should be performed. Although the clinical significance of these osseous structures is probably minor, clinicians very commonly ask about these bones, which may originate an unnecessary work-up. Therefore, knowledge of their presence and morphological variations is important to prevent misinterpreting them as fractures-a common error. Finally, it may be very difficult to distinguish between incidental variants and truly symptomatic ones. Radiological studies provide insight regarding the presence and pathology involving these bones. This review describes an overview of the anatomy of sesamoids and accessory ossicles in the foot, and provides a pictorial review of their pathological conditions, including trauma, sesamoiditis, osteomyelitis, osteoarthritis and pain syndromes. Radiological studies including radiography, ultrasound, scintigraphy, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide useful information which should be used in concert with clinical findings to guide patient management. Teaching points • Sesamoids and accessory ossicles seen in the foot vary widely in their prevalence and appearance. • Pathology of these bones includes trauma, sesamoiditis, infection, osteoarthritis and pain syndromes. • Radiography, ultrasound, scintigraphy, CT and MRI provide information regarding the pathology of these bones. PMID:24006205

Nwawka, O Kenechi; Hayashi, Daichi; Diaz, Luis E; Goud, Ajay R; Arndt, William F; Roemer, Frank W; Malguria, Nagina; Guermazi, Ali

2013-09-05

282

Roles of accessory subunits in alpha4beta2(*) nicotinic receptors.  

PubMed

Accessory subunits in heteromeric nicotinic receptors (AChRs) do not take part in forming ACh binding sites. alpha5 and beta3 subunits can function only as accessory subunits. We show that both alpha5 and beta3 efficiently assemble in human alpha4beta2(*) AChRs expressed in permanently transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) cell lines. Only (alpha4beta2)(2)alpha5, not (alpha4beta2)(2)beta3 AChRs, have been detected in brain. The alpha4beta2alpha5 line expressed 40% more AChRs than the parent alpha4beta2 line and was equally sensitive to up-regulation by nicotine. The alpha4beta2beta3 line expressed 25-fold more AChRs than the parental line and could not be further up-regulated by nicotine. Relative sensitivity to activation by ACh depends on the accessory subunit, beta2 conferring the greatest sensitivity, alpha5 less, and beta3 and alpha4 much less. Accessory subunits form binding sites for positive allosteric modulators, as illustrated by the observation that alpha5 conferred high sensitivity to galanthamine. In the presence of alpha5 or beta3, stable, partially degraded, dead end intermediates accumulated within the cells. These may have the form alpha5alpha4beta2alpha5. The efficiency with which alpha5 and beta3 assemble with alpha4 and beta2 and the necessity of avoiding formation of potentially toxic intermediates may explain why alpha5 and beta3 seem to be transcribed at low levels in brain. Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy can be caused by the alpha4 mutation S247F. This mutant did not produce functional AChRs unless cells were cotransfected with alpha5, beta3, or alpha6 to replace alpha4 as accessory subunit. PMID:18381563

Kuryatov, Alexandre; Onksen, Jennifer; Lindstrom, Jon

2008-04-01

283

Differential Localization of the Streptococcal Accessory Sec Components and Implications for Substrate Export  

PubMed Central

The accessory Sec system of Streptococcus gordonii is comprised of SecY2, SecA2, and five proteins (Asp1 through -5) that are required for the export of a serine-rich glycoprotein, GspB. We have previously shown that a number of the Asps interact with GspB, SecA2, or each other. To further define the roles of these Asps in export, we examined their subcellular localization in S. gordonii and in Escherichia coli expressing the streptococcal accessory Sec system. In particular, we assessed how the locations of these accessory Sec proteins were altered by the presence of other components. Using fluorescence microscopy, we found in E. coli that SecA2 localized within multiple foci at the cell membrane, regardless of whether other accessory Sec proteins were expressed. Asp2 alone localized to the cell poles but formed a similar punctate pattern at the membrane when SecA2 was present. Asp1 and Asp3 localized diffusely in the cytosol when expressed alone or with SecA2. However, these proteins redistributed to the membrane in a punctate arrangement when all of the accessory Sec components were present. Cell fractionation studies with S. gordonii further corroborated these microscopy results. Collectively, these findings indicate that Asp1 to -3 are not integral membrane proteins that form structural parts of the translocation channel. Instead, SecA2 serves as a docking site for Asp2, which in turn attracts a complex of Asp1 and Asp3 to the membrane. These protein interactions may be important for the trafficking of GspB to the cell membrane and its subsequent translocation.

Yen, Yihfen T.; Cameron, Todd A.; Bensing, Barbara A.; Seepersaud, Ravin; Zambryski, Patricia C.

2013-01-01

284

USGS mineral deposit models  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This CD-ROM publication is a compilation of 29 previously published mineral deposit model and related reports of the USGS. It in part reflects a history of mineral deposit model development within the USGS. Model types presented include descriptive, grade-tonnage, geoenvironmental, and geophysical. These models generally compile the geologic, geochemical, and geophysical characteristics of various types of metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits. The models list attributes intended as guides for resource and geoenvironmental studies and for mineral exploration. They are presented using the lithologic-tectonic environmental mineral deposit classification scheme originally developed by Cox and Singer (1986).

edited by Stoeser, D. B.; Heran, William D.

2000-01-01

285

Metamorphic Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this three-part exercise, students study hand samples and thin sections of important metamorphic rocks and minerals. Part one - Box of Rocks: Students examine trays of metamorphic rocks and minerals and record their physical properties, composition, and habit. They note chemical and physical similarities and differences and identify the rock samples and minerals they contain. Part two - Definitions: Define a list of terms relevent to the lab. Part three - Minerals in Thin Section: Observe minerals in thin section and answer questions about them.

Perkins, Dexter

286

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit provides younger students with an introduction to rocks and minerals. Topics include the definition of a mineral, the physical properties of minerals and how they are measured, and a discussion of quartz, the most basic silicate mineral and one of the most abundant minerals in the Earth's crust. The discussion on rocks includes the rock cycle, the three rock types (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic), and how they are formed. There is also a vocabulary list and downloadable, printable worksheets for each major topic.

Medina, Philip

2010-09-08

287

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit provides younger students with an introduction to rocks and minerals. Topics include the definition of a mineral, the physical properties of minerals and how they are measured, and a discussion of quartz, the most basic silicate mineral and one of the most abundant minerals in the Earth's crust. The discussion on rocks includes the rock cycle, the three rock types (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic), and how they are formed. There is also a vocabulary list and downloadable, printable worksheets for each major topic.

Medina, Philip

288

Preliminary summary review of thorium-bearing mineral occurrences in Alaska  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Thorium-bearing minerals are known at 47 localities in Alaska. At these localities the thorium occurs as a major constituent or in minor amounts as an impurity in one or more of the following 12 minerals: allanite, columbite, ellsworthite, eschynite, gummite, monazite, orangite, parisite, thorianite, thorite, xenotime, and zircon. In addition other minerals, such as biotite and sphene, are radioactive and may contain thorium. Several unidentified columbate minerals with uranium or thorium and uranium as major constituents have been recognized at some localities. The distribution, by type of deposit, of the 57 thorium occurrences is as follows: lode - 3, lode and placer - 1, granitic rock - 3, granitic rock and related placer - 14, and placer - 26. Of the four lode occurrences only the radioactive veins at Salmon Bay in southeastern Alaska and the contact metamorphic deposit in the Nixon Fork area of central Alaska warrant further consideration, although insufficient data are available to determine whether these two deposits have commercial possibilities. The remaining occurrences of thorium-bearing minerals in Alaska are limited to placer deposits and disseminations of accessory minerals in granitic rocks. In most of these occurrences the thorium-bearing minerals occur in only trace amounts and consequently warrent little further consideration. More data are needed to determine the possibilities of byproduct recovery of thorium-bearing minerals from several of the gold and tin placers.

Bates, Robert G.; Wedow, Helmuth, Jr.

1952-01-01

289

Segregated pathways to the vomeronasal amygdala: differential projections from the anterior and posterior divisions of the accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

Apically and basally located receptor neurons in the vomeronasal sensory epithelium express G(i2 alpha)- and G(o alpha)-proteins, V1R and V2R vomeronasal receptors, project to the anterior and posterior accessory olfactory bulb and respond to different stimuli, respectively. The extent to which secondary projections from the two portions of the accessory olfactory bulb are convergent in the vomeronasal amygdala is controversial. This issue is addressed by using anterograde and retrograde tract-tracing methods in rats including electron microscopy. Injections of dextran-amines, Fluoro Gold, cholera toxin-B subunit and Fast Blue were delivered to the anterior and posterior accessory olfactory bulb, bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, dorsal anterior amygdala and bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract/anteroventral medial amygdaloid nucleus. We have demonstrated that, apart from common vomeronasal-recipient areas, only the anterior accessory olfactory bulb projects to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, medial division, posteromedial part, and only the posterior accessory olfactory bulb projects to the dorsal anterior amygdala and deep cell layers of the bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract and the anteroventral medial amygdaloid nucleus. These results provide evidence that, excluding areas of convergence, the V1R and V2R vomeronasal pathways project to specific areas of the amygdala. These two vomeronasal subsystems are therefore anatomically and functionally separated in the telencephalon. PMID:17419754

Mohedano-Moriano, Alicia; Pro-Sistiaga, Palma; Ubeda-Bañón, Isabel; Crespo, Carlos; Insausti, Ricardo; Martinez-Marcos, Alino

2007-04-01

290

Mineral Deposit Densities for Estimating Mineral Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estimates of numbers of mineral deposits are fundamental to assessing undiscovered mineral resources. Just as frequencies\\u000a of grades and tonnages of well-explored deposits can be used to represent the grades and tonnages of undiscovered deposits,\\u000a the density of deposits (deposits\\/area) in well-explored control areas can serve to represent the number of deposits. Empirical\\u000a evidence presented here indicates that the processes

Donald A. Singer

2008-01-01

291

Trapped Miner Communication  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Accident due to roof fall and collapse of side gallery is a regular occurrence in underground coal mines which causes death\\u000a of huge number of miners. To save valuable miners’ life, a suitable system is required for detecting the precise location\\u000a of a trapped miner and helping the rescue team or mine management in displacing the debris from the right

L. K. Bandyopadhyay; S. K. Chaulya; P. K. Mishra

292

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Minerals are all around us. They're in our kitchens and bathrooms, our classrooms and school buildings, and our cars and bicycles. This interactive feature lets users discover which minerals are found in items they probably encounter every day. Rolling the cursor over items in an illustrated room accesses pop-ups that describe what mineral products may be found in them. A background essay and list of discussion questions are also provided.

293

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Minerals are all around us. They're in our kitchens and bathrooms, our classrooms and school buildings, and our cars and bicycles. This interactive feature lets users discover which minerals are found in items they probably encounter every day. Rolling the cursor over items in an illustrated room accesses pop-ups that describe what mineral products may be found in them. A background essay and list of discussion questions are also provided.

2008-01-01

294

Mineral Information Office opens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The U.S. Geological Survey and the U.S. Bureau of Mines opened their Mineral Information Office June 21 in Washington, D.C. The new office joins the Survey's recently renovated Earth Science Information Center in the Department of Interior building.The Mineral Information Office offers computer and video disc access to the geologic, geophysical, hydrologic, and cartographic information of both agencies, including the 127,000 items in the Survey's library and current statistics compiled by the Bureau of Mines on worldwide mineral production and use of more than 100 commodities. The staff has mineral experts to help customers.

295

Mineral Industry Surveys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Geological Surveys Mineral Industry Survey's Web site provides "periodic on-line statistical and economic publications designed to provide timely statistical data on production, distribution, stocks, and consumption of significant mineral commodities." Visitors to the site will find an alphabetical listing of minerals that includes everything from Aluminum, Antimony, Arsenic, and Asbestos, to Zeolite, Zinc, and Zirconium. Once clicked, a brief description of the mineral is provided along with links to yearly information publications as well as special publications such as its historical statistics, other agency links, contact information, and more.

296

USGS: Mineral Resources Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Mineral Resources Program funds science to provide and communicate current, impartial information on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources." This website divides the mineral resource information, project descriptions, and products for the United States into four main regional categories: Eastern, Central, Western, and Alaska. Researchers can discover new grant opportunities and can obtain access to the National Geochemical Survey's database. Students and educators can find statistics and information on how the United State's supply-and-demand for minerals and materials affects the economy, security, and environment.

297

Reagan issues mineral policy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The National Materials and Minerals Program plan and report that President Reagan sent to Congress on April 5 aims to ‘decrease America's minerals vulnerability’ while reducing future dependence on potentially unstable foreign sources of minerals. These goals would be accomplished by taking inventory of federal lands to determine mineral potential; by meeting the stockpile goals set by the Strategic and Critical Material Stockpiling Act; and by establishing a business and political climate that would encourage private-sector research and development on minerals.Now that the Administration has issued its plan, the Subcommittee on Mines and Mining of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs will consider the National Minerals Security Act (NMSA), which was introduced 1 year ago by subcommittee chairman Jim Santini (D-Nev.) [Eos, May 19, 1981, p. 497]. The bill calls for establishing a three-member White-House-level council to coordinate the development of a national minerals policy; amending tax laws to assist the mining industry to make capital investments to locate and produce strategic materials; and creating a revolving fund for the sale and purchase of strategic minerals. In addition, the NMSA bill would allow the secretary of the interior to make previously withdrawn public lands available for mineral development. The subcommittee will hold a hearing on the Administration's plan on May 11. Interior Secretary James Watt has been invited to testify.

298

Mineral Classification Exercise  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise is designed to help students think about the properties of minerals that are most useful for mineral classification and identification. Students are given a set of minerals and asked to come up with a hierarchical classification scheme (a "key") that can be used to identify different mineral species. They compare their results with the products of other groups. They test the various schemes by applying them to unknown samples. While doing this exercise, the students develop observational and interpretational skill. They also begin to think about the nature of classification systems.

Perkins, Dexter

299

Canadian Minerals Yearbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of Natural Resources Canada Minerals and Metals Sector, the Canadian Minerals Yearbook Web site provides mineral industry information from 1994 to 2001. Downloadable files from each year include a Year in Review, Reserves of Selected Major Metals, Recent Production Decisions, and a Mineral and Metal Commodity Review. An example of the information provided comes from the 2001 Review: "In 2000, Canadian reserves of copper, nickel, lead, zinc, molybdenum, silver and gold decreased because there were no decisions to bring new mines into production and the amount of new ore discovered at existing mining operations was insufficient to replace the quantity of ore that was mined during the year."

2001-01-01

300

DNA polymerase ? and ? switch by sharing accessory subunits of DNA polymerase ?.  

PubMed

Translesion DNA synthesis is an important branch of the DNA damage tolerance pathway that assures genomic integrity of living organisms. The mechanisms of DNA polymerase (Pol) switches during lesion bypass are not known. Here, we show that the C-terminal domain of the Pol ? catalytic subunit interacts with accessory subunits of replicative DNA Pol ?. We also show that, unlike other members of the human B-family of DNA polymerases, the highly conserved and similar C-terminal domains of Pol ? and Pol ? contain a [4Fe-4S] cluster coordinated by four cysteines. Amino acid changes in Pol ? that prevent the assembly of the [4Fe-4S] cluster abrogate Pol ? function in UV mutagenesis. On the basis of these data, we propose that Pol switches at replication-blocking lesions occur by the exchange of the Pol ? and Pol ? catalytic subunits on a preassembled complex of accessory proteins retained on DNA during translesion DNA synthesis. PMID:22465957

Baranovskiy, Andrey G; Lada, Artem G; Siebler, Hollie M; Zhang, Yinbo; Pavlov, Youri I; Tahirov, Tahir H

2012-03-30

301

Accessory spleen in the pelvis diagnosed by Tc-99m phytate scintigraphy.  

PubMed

We report a 58-year-old woman with an accessory spleen in the left side of the pelvis. She visited our outpatient clinic complaining of lower abdominal discomfort. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a tumor 4 cm in diameter in the left side of the pelvis. Color Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated plentiful pulsating blood flow. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed that the blood supply for the tumor was from a branch of the splenic artery. Scintigraphy with Tc-99m phytate revealed accumulation of radioactivity concordant with a mass in the left side of the pelvis, and the spleen was normally visualized. These findings suggested that this tumor was an accessory spleen, and the patient underwent no further invasive procedures. PMID:11545199

Nishiguchi, S; Habu, D; Ishizu, H; Iwata, Y; Tatsumi, N; Enomoto, M; Minamitani, S; Fukuda, K; Tamori, A; Takeda, T; Shiomi, S; Kawabe, J; Ochi, H

2001-06-01

302

Loss of function of the melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 is associated with mammalian obesity.  

PubMed

Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) modulate signaling of melanocortin receptors in vitro. To investigate the physiological role of brain-expressed melanocortin 2 receptor accessory protein 2 (MRAP2), we characterized mice with whole-body and brain-specific targeted deletion of Mrap2, both of which develop severe obesity at a young age. Mrap2 interacts directly with melanocortin 4 receptor (Mc4r), a protein previously implicated in mammalian obesity, and it enhances Mc4r-mediated generation of the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate, suggesting that alterations in Mc4r signaling may be one mechanism underlying the association between Mrap2 disruption and obesity. In a study of humans with severe, early-onset obesity, we found four rare, potentially pathogenic genetic variants in MRAP2, suggesting that the gene may also contribute to body weight regulation in humans. PMID:23869016

Asai, Masato; Ramachandrappa, Shwetha; Joachim, Maria; Shen, Yuan; Zhang, Rong; Nuthalapati, Nikhil; Ramanathan, Visali; Strochlic, David E; Ferket, Peter; Linhart, Kirsten; Ho, Caroline; Novoselova, Tatiana V; Garg, Sumedha; Ridderstråle, Martin; Marcus, Claude; Hirschhorn, Joel N; Keogh, Julia M; O'Rahilly, Stephen; Chan, Li F; Clark, Adrian J; Farooqi, I Sadaf; Majzoub, Joseph A

2013-07-19

303

Recurrent inflammation of accessory parotid tissue associated with unilateral parotid gland aplasia: diagnostic and therapeutic implications.  

PubMed

Aplasia of the major salivary glands is a rare condition due to an alteration in the development of the ectodermal tissue of the oral cavity often related to other craniofacial abnormalities or alteration of structures deriving from the first or second archial branch, in particular the lacrimal glands; it can be total or partial and determine clinical states ranging from an asymptomatic condition to a severe xerostomia. The accessory parotid tissue is similar to normal parotid tissue, completely independent from the main gland and susceptible to the same pathological disorders. We describe a very unusual case of an inflammatory disorder of accessory parotid tissue in a 44-year-old male patient with concomitant, and previously unknown, aplasia of the main ipsilateral parotid gland. We also discuss the role of imaging and conservative therapeutic modalities such as botulinum toxin therapy and, in the future, minimally invasive endoscopic-assisted resection in the management of such salivary disorder. PMID:22218848

Capaccio, Pasquale; Luca, Nicola; Sigismund, Paolo Enrico; Pignataro, Lorenzo

2012-01-05

304

Terminal phalangeal accessory ossification center of the thumb: an additional radiographic finding in Larsen syndrome.  

PubMed

Larsen syndrome is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by multiple joint dislocations, vertebral anomalies and dysmorphic facies. Both autosomal-dominant and autosomal-recessive forms of the disorder have been proposed. Individuals with autosomal-dominant Larsen syndrome have characteristic "cylindrical-shape" thumbs caused by broad, shortened phalanges. Autosomal-dominant Larsen syndrome results from heterozygosity for mutations in filamin B, a cytoskeletal protein involved in multicellular processes. We report here a patient with a duplicated or accessory distal thumb phalanx and multiple large joint dislocations who was shown to be heterozygous for a filamin B mutation predicting the amino acid substitution G1691S. This adds a new radiographic finding, duplicated or accessory distal phalanx, to the radiographic abnormalities seen in this rare dominant disorder. PMID:16715218

Alanay, Yasemin; Utine, Gulen Eda; Lachman, Ralph S; Krakow, Deborah; Tuncbilek, Ergul

2006-05-20

305

Loss of Function of the Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2 Is Associated with Mammalian Obesity  

PubMed Central

Melanocortin receptor accessory proteins (MRAPs) modulate signaling of melanocortin receptors in vitro. To investigate the physiological role of brain-expressed Melanocortin 2 Receptor Accessory Protein 2 (MRAP2), we characterized mice with whole body and brain-specific targeted deletion of Mrap2, both of which develop severe obesity at a young age. Mrap2 interacts directly with Melanocortin 4 Receptor (Mc4r), a protein previously implicated in mammalian obesity, and it enhances Mc4r-mediated generation of the second messenger cyclic AMP, suggesting that alterations in Mc4r signaling may be one mechanism underlying the association between Mrap2 disruption and obesity. In a study of humans with severe, early-onset obesity, we found four rare, potentially pathogenic genetic variants in MRAP2, suggesting that the gene may also contribute to body weight regulation in humans.

Asai, Masato; Ramachandrappa, Shwetha; Joachim, Maria; Shen, Yuan; Zhang, Rong; Nuthalapati, Nikhil; Ramanathan, Visali; Strochlic, David E.; Ferket, Peter; Linhart, Kirsten; Ho, Caroline; Novoselova, Tatiana V.; Garg, Sumedha; Ridderstrale, Martin; Marcus, Claude; Hirschhorn, Joel N.; Keogh, Julia M.; O'Rahilly, Stephen; Chan, Li F.; Clark, Adrian J.; Farooqi, I. Sadaf; Majzoub, Joseph A.

2013-01-01

306

30 CFR 75.1106-5 - Maintenance and tests of liquefied and nonliquefied compressed gas cylinders; accessories and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defective cylinders, cylinder accessories, torches, and other welding, cutting, and burning equipment shall be labeled âdefective...service. (c) Each qualified person assigned to perform welding, cutting, or burning with liquefied and...

2013-07-01

307

Accessory pathway potential recording in a case of permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia with decremental conduction localized on the atrial site.  

PubMed

Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia due to the presence of an accessory pathway characterized by slow and decremental retrograde conduction. We report a case of PJRT where we demonstrated the possibility of recording a distinct accessory pathway potential. Decremental retrograde conduction was evident using ventricular extrastimuli and it was also adenosine-sensitive. Delivering ventricular extrastimuli a prolongation of the accessory pathway potential-atrium interval was seen demonstrating that decremental conduction was located at the atrial insertion of the pathway. The accessory pathway was successfully ablated using the potential as the target of radiofrequency delivery. These electrophysiological findings seem to support the hypothesis that a nodal-like structure may be responsible for this arrhythmia. PMID:11256544

Scaglione, M; Caponi, D; Riccardi, R; Di Donna, P; Solano, A; Licciardello, G; Gaita, F

2001-02-01

308

Industry Sector Analysis - Automotive Parts/Accessories/Supplies/Automotive Service Equipment (Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Peru, Venezuela).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The package contains the following ISA's: Bolivia, Automotive and Auto Parts Market Survey; Colombia, Automotive Parts and Accessories; Costa Rica, Automotive Parts and Service Equipment; Guatemala, Automotive Parts and Service Equipment; Honduras, Automo...

1992-01-01

309

26 CFR 48.4061(a)-4 - Parts or accessories sold on or in connection with chasis, bodies, etc.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS EXCISE TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Motor Vehicles, Tires, Tubes, Tread Rubber, and Taxable Fuel Automotive and Related Items § 48.4061(a)-4 Parts or accessories...

2013-04-01

310

RFID-enabled product-service system for automotive part and accessory manufacturing alliances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Automotive part and accessory manufacturers (APAMs) at the lower tiers of automotive vertical supply chains have been responding to major initiatives taken by leading vehicle assemblers in adopting RFID (radio frequency identification) and ubiquitous computing technologies to alleviate their manufacturing systems. RFID-enabled real-time traceability and visibility facilitate and enhance the implementation of advanced strategies such as just-in-time (JIT) lean\\/responsive manufacturing

George Q. Huang; T. Qu; YingFeng Zhang; H. D. Yang

2012-01-01

311

Mobile instrumentation platform and robotic accessory for real-time screening of hazardous waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative mobile laboratory for real-time field screening of soils for inorganic hazardous waste using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry sampling and analysis technique is being developed at Ames Laboratory. This sampling technique as well as the concept for installing, monitoring, and controlling the instrumentation and utilities in the mobile laboratory, the robotic sampling accessory, and manual sampling method

M. S. Anderson; E. J. Jaselskis

1992-01-01

312

Receptor accessory folding helper enzymes: the functional role of peptidyl prolyl cis\\/ trans isomerases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Receptor accessory peptidyl prolyl cis\\/trans isomerases (PPIases) of the FKBP and cyclophilin types form receptor heterocomplexes with different stabilities. PPIases have been found to associate with other receptor heterocomplex constituents via either proline-directed active sites or additional domains of the enzymes. The single-domain PPIases FKBP12 and FKBP12.6 are shown to interact with receptor protein kinases and calcium channels at their

Cordelia Schiene-Fischer; Chao Yu

2001-01-01

313

Postpartum changes in the GABAergic system in the bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bed nucleus of the accessory olfactory tract (BAOT) is a sexually dimorphic structure which controls the inhibition\\/disinhibition of the medial preoptic area in the expression of maternal behavior. Therefore, in the present study we investigated sex differences and the modulation of gamma-aminobutiric-acid (GABA) in the BAOT during the first two postpartum days. Four groups of Wistar rats: control males,

Cilia Rodr??guez; Antonio Guillamón; Helena Pinos; Paloma Collado

2004-01-01

314

Accessory phases in Karelian Province sanukitoids (Finland): Towards understanding temporal changes in subduction style?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Archean-Proterozoic transition is marked by the appearance of sanukitoids, which have been found on every continent, whose occurrence is believed to be a consequence of the initiation of the so called "Modern Plate Tectonics". Whole rock geochemistry and experimental petrology have suggested that they result from the interaction between a mantle wedge and a metasomatism agent (either oceanic crust melt or sediments). Sanukitoids from the Karelian Province (Finland) have been dated at ~ 2.7 Ga (U-Pb on zircon; Heilimo et al., 2011), and whole rock geochemical data, oxygen and hafnium isotopes in zircons have been interpreted as the result of the interaction between a depleted mantle wedge and a recycled crustal component during a slab-breakoff event at the end stage of the subduction (Heilimo et al., 2010, Heilimo et al., 2012). Geochemistry of accessory phases can give additional information about the petrogenesis and the sources of their host rocks (e.g. Hoskin et al., 2000; Chu et al., 2002). In this contribution, we present new geochemical data on the accessory phases (titanite, apatite, zircon) of the Karelian Province sanukitoids. We demonstrate that trace elements analysis and a detailed petrographic work on these phases give us a direct access to their petrogenesis. These data are compared to new data obtained on "modern" sanukitoids (High Ba-Sr suite, Scotland) and on a BADR suite (Guernsey, Channel Islands) in order to highlight potential geochemical signatures of each. This study will be followed by a systematic analysis of accessory phases in TTG, in order to have a whole record of accessory phases chemistry in plutonic rocks through the crustal evolution.

Bruand, Emilie; Fowler, Mike; Storey, Craig; Heilimo, Esa

2013-04-01

315

Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis peptide pheromones produced by the accessory gene regulator agr system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory gene regulator (agr) system of staphylococci regulates the expression of virulence factors in response to cell density. The extracellular signaling molecule encoded by this system is a thiolactone-containing pheromone peptide whose primary sequence varies among staphylococcal strains. A post-translational modification of the peptide is believed to be carried out by an enzyme with a novel function, AgrB. Staphylococcal

Michael Otto

2001-01-01

316

Pain caused by a dental implant impinging on an accessory inferior alveolar canal: a case report.  

PubMed

This report presents a case history of intractable facial pain following the placement of a posterior mandibular implant. The pain was resistant to all medical management, but a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan showed that the implant impinged on an unusual accessory inferior alveolar nerve. The decision to remove the implant led to significant pain reduction. This clinical example underscores the need for scrupulous imaging prior to implant placement. PMID:23476904

Maqbool, Arman; Sultan, Ahmed Ali; Bottini, Gian Battista; Hopper, Colin

317

Spontaneous unilateral accessory nerve palsy: a case report and review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isolated spinal accessory nerve (SAN) palsy is a well-recognized complication of surgical prodecures in the posterior triangle\\u000a of the neck. Various rare etiological factors were also described. Whatever the etiology, the typical clinical features of\\u000a SAN palsy can be listed as atrophy\\/weakness of the trapezius muscle and moderate winging of the scapula. It is imperative\\u000a to promptly diagnose this condition

Oya Özdemir; Asl? Kurne; Ça?r? Temuçin; Kubilay Varl?

2007-01-01

318

Chemical characteristics of migmatites: accessory phase distribution and evidence for fast melt segregation rates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Equilibration between melt and solid is inhibited by rapid melt extraction and by restricted equilibration (armouring, slow dissolution). When segregation occurs by channelised migration along high-porosity pathways, melt migration is more rapid than trace element diffusion rates in silicates and faster than accessory phase dissolution rates. Evidence for channelised flow and deformation-enhanced melt segregation into boudin necks, fractures and micro-shears at low melt fractions is present in the Moine Kirtomy Migmatitie Suite (KMS) in Sutherland, Scotland. Melt migration distances are on a metre to tens of metres scale. Concordant leucosomes in stromatic migmatities in the KMS have low Zr contents, low LREE (light rare-earth element) and H (heavy) REE contents and positive Eu anomalies. REE patterns of this type can be produced by removal of leucosome before complete equilibration with source due to the inhibited dissolution of LREE- and HREE-bearing accessory phases in water-undersaturated melts. Melting in the KMS, however, occurred at or near the wet granite solidus, leaving biotite as a residual phase. Detailed back-scattered electron imaging shows that REE-bearing accessory phases remained as residual phases, and were concentrated in the melanosome and at the melanosome-leucosome boundary. Irregularly shaped patches of diatexite contain a small proportion of excess Zr, consistent with entrainment of melanosome-schlieren enriched in zircon. These data indicate that deformation-enhanced melt extraction led to the rapid migration of small melt fractions from the melting site on a time-scale less than that required to saturate the melt in Zr. Leucosomes were thus prevented from equilibrating with accessory phases before extraction.

Watt, G. R.; Burns, I. M.; Graham, G. A.

1996-09-01

319

Interaction of Proteus mirabilis urease apoenzyme and accessory proteins identified with yeast two-hybrid technology.  

PubMed

Proteus mirabilis, a gram-negative bacterium associated with complicated urinary tract infections, produces a metalloenzyme urease which hydrolyzes urea to ammonia and carbon dioxide. The apourease is comprised of three structural subunits, UreA, UreB, and UreC, assembled as a homotrimer of individual UreABC heterotrimers (UreABC)(3). To become catalytically active, apourease acquires divalent nickel ions through a poorly understood process involving four accessory proteins, UreD, UreE, UreF, and UreG. While homologues of UreD, UreF, and UreG have been copurified with apourease, it remains unclear specifically how these polypeptides associate with the apourease or each other. To identify interactions among P. mirabilis accessory proteins, in vitro immunoprecipitation and in vivo yeast two-hybrid assays were employed. A complex containing accessory protein UreD and structural protein UreC was isolated by immunoprecipitation and characterized with immunoblots. This association occurs independently of coaccessory proteins UreE, UreF, and UreG and structural protein UreA. In a yeast two-hybrid screen, UreD was found to directly interact in vivo with coaccessory protein UreF. Unique homomultimeric interactions of UreD and UreF were also detected in vivo. To substantiate the study of urease proteins with a yeast two-hybrid assay, previously described UreE dimers and homomultimeric UreA interactions among apourease trimers were confirmed in vivo. Similarly, a known structural interaction involving UreA and UreC was also verified. This report suggests that in vivo, P. mirabilis UreD may be important for recruitment of UreF to the apourease and that crucial homomultimeric associations occur among these accessory proteins. PMID:11157956

Heimer, S R; Mobley, H L

2001-02-01

320

Postoperative evaluation of the surgical treatment of accessory teat and gland cistern complexes in dairy cows.  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was the long-term evaluation of a method of surgically repairing the abnormal condition of accessory teat and gland cistern complexes in dairy cattle. A prospective evaluation of three cows that had undergone the procedure was done. These cows were evaluated from four months to one year, postoperatively. A thorough history, physical examination, contrast radiography, and ultrasonic examination were done on each cow. A retrospective evaluation of an additional 13 cows that had also undergone the procedure was obtained four months to three years following the surgery, via owner communication. The prospective portion of this study demonstrated patency of the communication between main and accessory teat cisterns. Postoperative complications included initial slow milking and mild swelling of the involved teat. These problems resolved in all cows one to two months postoperatively. None of the 16 cows that had undergone the surgery either developed or was treated for mastitis. Likewise, none of these cows was sold or slaughtered as a result of postoperative teat problems or unsatisfactory milk production. Our study demonstrated that this particular method of surgical correction of accessory teat and gland cistern complexes is effective, is esthetically acceptable, produces minimal associated complications, and preserves the milk production capacity of the gland. Images Figure 2. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6.

Schmit, K A; Arighi, M; Dobson, H

1994-01-01

321

Radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathways in children and young adults.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE--To assess the efficacy of radiofrequency ablation for reentrant tachyarrhythmias in children and young adults. SETTING--A tertiary cardiac referral centre. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS--Over a 16 month period 22 patients aged less than 20 years (median age 16.5 years) underwent 26 radiofrequency ablation procedures for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia through an accessory pathway. The results of radiofrequency ablation were compared with those in a group of 16 patients (median age 14 years) who had had surgical ablation for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia over a preceding six year period. RESULTS--Ablation of an accessory atrioventricular pathway was accomplished for 18 (76%) of 25 pathways in 16 (73%) of 22 patients. There were no procedure-related complications. Surgery was eventually curative in 15/16 patients (94%). However, three patients required a second open heart surgical procedure because tachyarrhythmia recurred. There were no surgical deaths. Failures for radiofrequency ablation were related to accessory pathway location, and were greater for right free wall and posteroseptal pathways (success rate of 50% and 57% respectively). Recurrence after surgery was also associated with pathways in these locations. CONCLUSIONS--Transcatheter radiofrequency current ablation was safe and achieved a cure with less patient morbidity and improved cost efficiency. It is an attractive alternative to long-term drug therapy or surgery in older children and adolescents. A higher success rate may be expected with increased experience.

Sreeram, N; Smeets, J L; Pulles-Heintzberger, C F; Wellens, H J

1993-01-01

322

Probing the function of Drosophila melanogaster accessory glands by directed cell ablation.  

PubMed Central

The female Drosophila melanogaster fly undergoes behavioral changes after mating, including an increase in egg laying and an avoidance of remating. Accessory-gland products elicit these changes transiently when introduced into unmated female flies. We report here the generation and phenotype of flies that lack functional accessory-gland main cells as a consequence of genetically directed delivery of diphtheria toxin subunit A to those cells. Only main-cell secretions are essential for the short-term inhibition to remating; no other products of the genital tract can replace their function. Long-term inhibition to remating depends only on the storage of sperm in the female. Both sperm and main-cell secretions have roles in the increase of egg laying by the mated female. In addition to full-strength diphtheria toxin, we used low-activity toxins to kill only those cells that express toxin at high levels. These transgenic strains that express diphtheria toxins of different strengths in accessory-gland main cells will be useful in further defining the role of these cells. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2

Kalb, J M; DiBenedetto, A J; Wolfner, M F

1993-01-01

323

Reliable sex and strain discrimination in the mouse vomeronasal organ and accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

Animals modulate their courtship and territorial behaviors in response to olfactory cues produced by other animals. In rodents, detecting these cues is the primary role of the accessory olfactory system (AOS). We sought to systematically investigate the natural stimulus coding logic and robustness in neurons of the first two stages of accessory olfactory processing, the vomeronasal organ (VNO) and accessory olfactory bulb (AOB). We show that firing rate responses of just a few well-chosen mouse VNO or AOB neurons can be used to reliably encode both sex and strain of other mice from cues contained in urine. Additionally, we show that this population code can generalize to new concentrations of stimuli and appears to represent stimulus identity in terms of diverging paths in coding space. Together, the results indicate that firing rate code on the temporal order of seconds is sufficient for accurate classification of pheromonal patterns at different concentrations and may be used by AOS neural circuitry to discriminate among naturally occurring urine stimuli. PMID:23966710

Tolokh, Illya I; Fu, Xiaoyan; Holy, Timothy E

2013-08-21

324

Redundancy of Ca v2.1 channel accessory subunits in transmitter release at the mouse neuromuscular junction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cav2.1 (P\\/Q-type) channels possess a voltage-sensitive pore-forming ?1 subunit that can associate with the accessory subunits ?2?, ? and ?. The primary role of Cav2.1 channels is to mediate transmitter release from nerve terminals both in the central and peripheral nervous system. Whole-cell voltage-clamp studies in in vitro expression systems have indicated that accessory channel subunits can have diverse modulatory

Simon Kaja; Boyan Todorov; Rob C. G. van de Ven; Michel D. Ferrari; Rune R. Frants; Arn M. J. M. van den Maagdenberg; Jaap J. Plomp

2007-01-01

325

The S2 accessory gene of equine infectious anemia virus is essential for expression of disease in ponies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) is a macrophage-tropic lentivirus that persistently infects horses and causes a disease that is characterized by periodic episodes of fever, thrombocytopenia, and viremia. EIAV encodes only four regulatory\\/accessory genes, (tat, rev, ttm, and S2) and is the least genetically complex of all known lentiviruses. We sought to determine the role of the EIAV S2 accessory

Angela J. Fagerness; Maureen T. Flaherty; Stephanie T. Perry; Bin Jia; Susan L. Payne; Frederick J. Fuller

2006-01-01

326

Rare association in a female DSD case of phallus, accessory phallic urethra, perineal lipoma and anterior ectopic anus.  

PubMed

Disorders of sex differentiation (DSD) are a heterogeneous and broad spectrum group of diseases with a varied appearance. Presence of an accessory phallus with a phallic urethra in association with a normal vagina in a female is an extremely uncommon anomaly. We present a rare case of a genotypically female child with a normal urethra and vagina in association with a phallus, accessory phallic urethra, perineal lipoma and anterior ectopic anus. PMID:22836203

Mahalik, Santosh Kumar; Mahajan, Jai Kumar; Sodhi, Kushaljit Singh; Garge, Saurabh; Vaiphei, Kim; Rao, Kattragadda L

2012-07-24

327

A Unique Case of Intradural Communicating Branches between the Accessory Nerve and the Dorsal Roots of the Cervical Spinal Nerves.  

PubMed

Objective The accessory nerve has cranial and spinal roots. The cranial roots emerge from the medulla, whereas the spinal roots arise from motor cells within the ventral horn of C1-C7 segments of the spinal cord. Communications have been described between the spinal accessory nerve rootlets and the dorsal rootlets of cervical spinal nerves. In the present case, we report a communication that has not been reported before and discuss the functional anatomy.Materials and Methods During the dissection of the craniovertebral junction of a 67-year-old formalin-fixed adult male cadaver, a connection between the spinal accessory nerve rootlets and the dorsal rootlets of the cervical spinal nerves was observed.Results A communication between the spinal rootlets of the accessory nerve and the dorsal roots of cervical spinal nerves was present on the right and left side. On the right, a communication between the accessory nerve spinal rootlet and the dorsal rootlet of the fourth cervical spinal nerve existed. On the left, there were two branches from the lowest accessory nerve spinal rootlet, one run ventrally and the other dorsally to the spinal rootlet and reached the dorsal root of third cervical spinal nerve. The dorsal root of C1 did not exist on either the right or the left side. Further, an unusual spinal accessory nerve formation was also observed.Discussion This case does not fit into any of the previously described classifications in the literature. Therefore, the different variations concerning the communications between the spinal rootlets of the accessory nerve and the cervical spinal nerves should be kept in mind during both surgical, especially radical neck dissections, and nonsurgical evaluations. PMID:23397124

Seker, A?k?n; Ceylan, Davut; Tatarl?, Necati; Abdullaev, Tuychiboy; Gülbar, Seda; Konya, Deniz; Bayri, Yasar; Kele?, Evren; K?l?ç, Türker; Cavdar, Safiye

2013-02-08

328

PSC 424: Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a webpage designed to give students access to basic information about rocks and minerals. Rocks and Minerals Introduction Video Basic Definitions- Mineral: a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence Rock: a mixture of minerals Ways to identify a mineral: Hardness Luster (metallic/nonmetallic) Streak Color Rock Song Three basic rock types: Igneous Metamorphic Sedimentary Rock Cycle Animation ...

Graham, Ms.

2011-10-13

329

Digging into Minnesota Minerals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents students with facts about geology and several learning activities. Topics covered include rocks and minerals, volcanoes and earthquakes, fossils, exploration geology, mining in Minnesota, environmental issues related to mining, mineral uses, mining history, and the geology of Minnesota's state parks. A geologic timetable…

Minnesota State Dept. of Natural Resources, St. Paul.

330

Rocks and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This description of rocks and minerals includes representatives of all three major groups: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Users can access introductory information about the three major rock types and the minerals that form them. A simple rock classification chart is included, with embedded links to a glossary and more detailed material for advanced learners.

331

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

Microsoft Academic Search

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position

Lyday

1990-01-01

332

Rocks & Mineral Solitaire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site features a solitaire game designed to help students identify rocks and minerals. The card game would be used by the students after class discussions about rock/mineral categories and classifications. Several sets of the card game, managed by the teacher, would be available for the students. The cards could be used both during and after class.

Catania, Andrea J.; Education, San D.

333

Mineral Spirits Purification Process.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This patent application discloses a process for purifying mineral spirits which have been used to clean Otto Fuel II propelled torpedoes by heating the mineral spirits to decompose 1,2-propanediol dinitrate and remove hydrogen cyandide and other gaseous d...

D. R. Knudsen S. L. Collignon

1987-01-01

334

Vitamins, Minerals, and Mood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors explore the breadth and depth of published research linking dietary vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) to mood. Since the 1920s, there have been many studies on individual vitamins (especially B vitamins and Vitamins C, D, and E), minerals (calcium, chromium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium), and vitamin-like…

Kaplan, Bonnie J.; Crawford, Susan G.; Field, Catherine J.; Simpson, J. Steven A.

2007-01-01

335

What is a Mineral?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, from the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), gives a description of minerals and the growth of crystals. The site offers various links with examples of different compositions and classifications of common minerals. The site provides three different levels of explanation--beginner, intermediate, and advanced.

2008-08-04

336

Minerals, Crystals and Gems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module introduces students to minerals, crystals, and gems by using pictures and discussions of some of the extraordinary specimens residing in the collections of the Smithsonian Institution. It includes three lessons in which they draw pictures of specimens, grow their own crystals of magnesium sulfate, and perform a scavenger hunt in which they look for minerals in commonly used objects and products.

337

Minerals in Our Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This color poster shows how we use minerals in our everyday life. It depicts common household items (furniture, appliances, plumbing fixtures, personal products, etc.) which are keyed by number to short descriptions that provide information on the minerals used in the manufacture of these items.

Galloway, John P.; Frank, Dave; Weathers, Judy

2010-10-08

338

VITAMINS AND MINERALS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

DESK Standard: Specify key vitamins and minerals and their functions. . DATES: You can begin this activity on May 21. You should complete it by May 25. OBJECTIVE: A healthy body needs vitamins and minerals. You\\'ve probably heard these words before, but do you really know what they mean? This activity will help you better understand the ...

Hughes, Mr.

2006-03-05

339

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Mineral Yearbook discusses the performance of the worlwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume 1, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapters on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

340

Minerals Yearbook, centennial edition 1981. Volume I. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook Marks the centennial of the first annual publication of comprehensive mineral industry statistics by the Federal Government. This volume of the Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 71 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains a chapter on mining and quarrying trends and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1983-01-01

341

Vitamins and Minerals during Pregnancy  

MedlinePLUS

... once in a 24 hour period. Vitamins and minerals during pregnancy Vitamins and minerals help give your body the nutrients it needs ... for some people to get enough vitamins and minerals in their foods. They may need to take ...

342

Mineral facilities of Europe  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This map displays over 1,700 records of mineral facilities within the countries of Europe and western Eurasia. Each record represents one commodity and one facility type at a single geographic location. Facility types include mines, oil and gas fields, and plants, such as refineries, smelters, and mills. Common commodities of interest include aluminum, cement, coal, copper, gold, iron and steel, lead, nickel, petroleum, salt, silver, and zinc. Records include attributes, such as commodity, country, location, company name, facility type and capacity (if applicable), and latitude and longitude geographical coordinates (in both degrees-minutes-seconds and decimal degrees). The data shown on this map and in table 1 were compiled from multiple sources, including (1) the most recently available data from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Minerals Yearbook (Europe and Central Eurasia volume), (2) mineral statistics and information from the USGS Minerals Information Web site (http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/country/europe.html), and (3) data collected by the USGS minerals information country specialists from sources, such as statistical publications of individual countries, annual reports and press releases of operating companies, and trade journals. Data reflect the most recently published table of industry structure for each country at the time of this publication. Additional information is available from the country specialists listed in table 2.

Almanzar, Francisco; Baker, Michael S.; Elias, Nurudeen; Guzman, Eric

2010-01-01

343

Insights learned from pBTAi1, a 229-kb accessory plasmid from Bradyrhizobium sp. strain BTAi1 and prevalence of accessory plasmids in other Bradyrhizobium sp. strains.  

PubMed

In silico, physiological and in planta analyses were used to characterize pBTAi1, a 229-kb accessory plasmid from Bradyrhizobium sp. strain BTAi1, and assess its potential ecological function under free-living and symbiotic growth conditions. Sequence analysis revealed the presence of an uptake hydrogenase system, a repABC family plasmid replication module and open reading frames encoding type IV secretion system, TraI and TraR autoinducer proteins and several copper resistance-related proteins. Bradyrhizobium sp. BTAi1 was capable of growing in 200 mg l(-1) CuCl2. In contrast, the closely related, plasmid-free Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278 could not grow at copper concentrations exceeding 100 mg l(-1). The plasmid-localized hydrogenase genes were phylogenetically distinct from those typically found in other rhizobial species, and were most related to hup genes from Thiobacillus denitrificans. The induction of the plasmid-borne hydrogenase genes during symbiosis was significantly lower than the two chromosomal-borne hydrogenase clusters. CHEF-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used for a comprehensive analysis of the diversity, abundance and genetic composition of accessory plasmids in other Bradyrhizobium strains. Plasmids were detected in 11 of 46 (23.9%) geographically diverse Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Bradyrhizobium elkanii strains, isolated from the United States, China and Thailand. Plasmid size was heterogeneous, ranging from 75 to 330 kb, with only two strains (DASA01244 and DASA01265) harboring plasmids with identical (240 kb) size. None of the plasmids harbored nodulation or hydrogenase genes. Taken together, our results indicate that while plasmids having ecologically significant functions may be detected in Bradyrhizobium sp. strains, they lack genes necessary for symbioses with legumes. PMID:18219284

Cytryn, Eddie J; Jitacksorn, Siriluck; Giraud, Eric; Sadowsky, Michael J

2008-01-24

344

BAM R46: Mineral Oil  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Pesticide Analytical Manual (PAM). -. BAM R46: Mineral Oil. January 2001. Bacteriological Analytical Manual. R46 Mineral Oil. ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/foodscienceresearch/laboratorymethods

345

Energy conversion with Zr-rich lead zirconate/titanate ceramics  

SciTech Connect

The conversion efficiency and power output to convert thermal energy to electrical energy by means of a ferroelectric{endash}ferroelectric phase transition has been investigated. The material used was the ceramic mixed system lead zirconate/titanate (PZT) with a very Zr-enriched composition (Zr/Ti=97/3{percent}). We have studied the performance dependence on sample thickness and working frequency, the main relevant parameters for a given PZT composition. The observed optimum values of efficiency and power output are analyzed in terms of the two main characteristic relaxation times of the process, the thermal time (sample thickness dependent) and the electric time (thickness independent). Possible ways of improving the overall performance are discussed. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Duan, N.; Cereceda, N.; Noheda, B.; Raul Fernandez-del-Castillo, J.; Gonzalo, J.A. [Departamento de Fisica de Materiales, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

1997-09-01

346

43 CFR 19.8 - Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. 19.8 Section 19.8...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. Regulations issued under...and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness are contained in parts...

2012-10-01

347

43 CFR 19.8 - Prospecting, mineral locations, mineral patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. 19.8 Section 19.8...patents, and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness. Regulations issued under...and mineral leasing within National Forest Wilderness are contained in parts...

2011-10-01

348

Digging into Minnesota Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Digging into Minnesota Minerals Web site is part of the larger Minnesota State Department of Natural Resources site. These fun and interesting pages explain how Minnesota came to acquire its most common minerals over geologic time, what the basic types of rocks are, mining history of the state, the geology found in state parks, and much more. Included are basic descriptions, photographs, illustrations, and even educational activities for teachers related to the minerals. This well-designed site would be a great addition to any grade school or high school science curriculum.

349

The Density of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will learn to measure the density of various minerals. The activity will reinforce the usefulness of density as a physical test for identification of minerals. Using a selection of mineral specimens of varying densities, they will weigh each one in air, immerse it in a graduated cylinder of water, and measure the amount of water displaced by the specimen. Dividing the weight of the specimen by the volume of displaced water yields the density of the specimen. A student worksheet and discussion questions are provided.

350

Minerals yearbook, 1983. Volume 1. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 73 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains a chapter on mining and quarrying trends and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1984-01-01

351

Minerals yearbook, 1982. volume 1. metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 73 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains a chapter on mining and quarrying trends and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1984-01-01

352

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

This paper briefly lists the various literature reviews dealing with (a) Environmental regulations and impacts, and (b) Characterization, prevention, treatment and reclamation, with respect to minerals and mine drainage. 47 refs.

Thomson, B.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Turney, W.R. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)]|[Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-06-01

353

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a review of literature published in 1995 on the subject of wastewater related to minerals and mine drainage. Topics covered include: environmental regulations and impacts; and characterization, prevention, treatment and reclamation. 65 refs.

Thomson, B.M. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Turney, W.R. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1996-11-01

354

Private Mineral Gallery Walk  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students make and display posters of the mineral they researched throughout the semester. The instructor and TA review the posters while students answer questions as they walk around and examine each other's posters.

Perkins, Dexter

355

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California ...

P. A. Lyday

1990-01-01

356

Minerals Yearbook 1990: Boron.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals increased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California ...

P. A. Lyday

1991-01-01

357

Minerals Yearbook, 1993: Boron.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals increased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to borosilicate glass, textile-grade glass fibers, and agriculture. California was...

P. A. Lyday

1994-01-01

358

Calcium Carbonate Mineralization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objectives of the present study were to determine the mechanisms of ion transport across mineralizing epithelia of barnacles, in particular to quantify the effects of altered protein structure on crystal form and arrangement and the effects of the mol...

K. M. Wilbur A. LeFurgey

1995-01-01

359

Mineral Oil Compositions.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An isobutylene/dialkyl fumarate copolymer incorporated in mineral oils as a viscosity index improver and pour point depressant has improved hydrolysis stability in the presence of barium and other basic detergent additives. Low-temperature detergency is e...

J. E. Fields J. H. Johnson

1965-01-01

360

Characterization Lithium Mineralized Pegmatite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lithium economic importance has increased in the last years. In Brazil its reserves, generally pegmatites bodies, are found in Itinga-Aracuai-MG. This study of characterization belongs to a global plan of lithium mineralized bodies research of 'Arqueana d...

E. F. S. Pereira O. Luz Ferreira R. Z. L. Cancado J. Mauricio Neto

1986-01-01

361

Minerals Yearbook, 1989. Volume i. Metals and Minerals  

SciTech Connect

The edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide mineral industry during 1989 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on advanced materials also has been added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

Not Available

1989-01-01

362

Vitamins, Minerals, and Mood  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors explore the breadth and depth of published research linking dietary vitamins and minerals (micronutrients) to mood. Since the 1920s, there have been many studies on individual vitamins (especially B vitamins and Vitamins C, D, and E), minerals (calcium, chromium, iron, magnesium, zinc, and selenium), and vitamin-like compounds (choline). Recent investigations with multi-ingredient formulas are especially

Bonnie J. Kaplan; Susan G. Crawford; Catherine J. Field; J. Steven A. Simpson

2007-01-01

363

Solid Mineral Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Nigeria as a nation is blessed with abundant solid mineral resources distributed fairly in all the states of the federation\\u000a (Fig. 10.1; Table 10.1). According to reports by the Geological Survey of Nigeria Agency, Nigeria has some 34 known major\\u000a mineral deposits distributed in locations across the country and offers considerable attraction for investors. Exploration\\u000a in Nigeria for several solid

Nuhu Obaje

364

[Synthetic mineral fibers].  

PubMed

The group of man-made mineral fibres includes slagwool, glasswool, rockwool, glass filaments and microfibres, as well as refractory ceramic fibres. The toxicity of mineral fibres is determined by several factors such as the diameter (< or = 3-3.5 microns) and the length of the fibres (< 100 microns), their biopersistence, which is much shorter for man-made mineral fibres than for asbestos fibres, their physicochemical structure and surface properties, and the exposure level. The chemical composition of the various types of man-made mineral fibres depends directly on the raw material used to manufacture them. While naturally occurring fibres are crystalline in structure, most man-made mineral fibres are amorphous silicates combined with various metal oxides and additives. Observations using intracavitary administration have provided evidence that some types of man-made mineral fibres are bioactive in cellular and animal experiments and may induce lung tumours and mesothelioma. It is difficult to extrapolate these results to humans since they bypass inhalation, deposition, clearance and translocation mechanisms. Inhalation studies show more realistic results but differences are observed between animal species regarding their sensibility to tumours. There is no firm evidence that exposure to various wools is associated with lung fibrosis, pleural lesions or nonspecific respiratory disease in humans. A possible exception may be mentioned for refractory ceramic fibres. A slightly elevated standard mortality ratio for lung cancer has been documented in large cohorts of workers (USA, Europe and Canada) exposed to man-made mineral fibres, especially in the early technological phase. It is not possible to determine from these data whether the risk of lung cancer is due to the man-made mineral fibres themselves, in particular due to the lack of data on smoking habits. No increased risk of mesothelioma has been demonstrated in these cohorts. Epidemiological data are insufficient at this time concerning neoplastic diseases in refractory ceramic fibres. PMID:10231901

Boillat, M A

1999-03-27

365

Fluorescent minerals, a review  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Fluorescent minerals are more than just an attractive novelty, and collecting them is a speciality for thousands of individuals who appreciate their beauty, rarity, and scientific value. Fluorescent properties can be used as an aid to mineral identification, locality determination, and distinction between natural and synthetic gemstones. This article gives an overview of those aspects of fluorescence that are of most interest to collectors, hobbyists, and mineralogists. -from Authors

Modreski, P. J.; Aumente-Modreski, R.

1996-01-01

366

[Recovered water mineralization technique].  

PubMed

The possibility to mineralize water by metering out concentrated salt solutions in the amounts necessary to bring it to within the potable water standards with intermediate exchange of chlorine ions for bicarbonate-ions has been demonstrated. The proposed technique ensures physiological quality and stability of recovered water mineralized with solutions of inorganic salts. Stability of concentrated salt solutions kept in metering syringes and potable water was evaluated. Organoleptic tests of resultant potable water were conducted. PMID:11840873

Skliar, E F; Amiragov, M S; Berezkin, S V; Kurochkin, M G; Skuratov, V M

2001-01-01

367

Gems and Gem Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of a Gem and Minerals class at the University of Texas. The course objectives are to explore the following topics: what are gems and minerals, methods of identification, physical and optical propoerties, crystallography and optics, lapidary arts, the geology of major gem localities, and the value of gems. The site offers access to the course syllabus, handouts, exams with interactive answer-checking, and reference material for common gems.

368

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Lithium  

SciTech Connect

The United States led the world in lithium mineral and compound production and consumption. Estimated consumption increased slightly, and world production also grew. Sales increased for domestic producers, who announced price increases for the third consecutive year. Because lithium is electrochemically reactive and has other unique properties, there are many commercial lithium products. Producers sold lithium as mineral concentrate, brine, compound, or metal, depending upon the end use. Most lithium compounds were consumed in the production of ceramics, glass, and primary aluminum.

Ober, J.A.

1989-01-01

369

Minerals Yearbook, 1988. Boron  

SciTech Connect

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Glass-fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The report discusses the following: domestic data coverage; legislation and government programs; domestic production; comsumption and uses; prices; foreign trade; world capacity; world review--Argentina, Chile, France, Italy, Turkey, United Kingdom; Technology.

Lyday, P.A.

1988-01-01

370

Iron oxide modified minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Composites of iron oxide nanoparticles immobilized on the surface of various clay mineral matrices (muscovite, montmorillonite\\u000a and vermiculite) have been prepared by the alkaline oxidative hydrolysis of iron sulphate in the presence of mineral matrices.\\u000a The composites have been studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy, XRD, TEM and SQUID. Correspondence between the hyperfine parameters\\u000a and the iron oxide particle size and magnetic

M. Mashlan; H. Bartonkova; D. Jancik; J. Tucek; P. Martinec

371

Iron oxide modified minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Composites of iron oxide nanoparticles immobilized on the surface of various clay mineral matrices (muscovite, montmorillonite\\u000a and vermiculite) have been prepared by the alkaline oxidative hydrolysis of iron sulphate in the presence of mineral matrices.\\u000a The composites have been studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy, XRD, TEM and SQUID. Correspondence between the hyperfine parameters\\u000a and the iron oxide particle size and magnetic

M. Mashlan; H. Bartonkova; D. Jancik; J. Tucek; P. Martinec

2009-01-01

372

EST analysis of male accessory glands from Heliconius butterflies with divergent mating systems  

PubMed Central

Background Heliconius butterflies possess a remarkable diversity of phenotypes, physiologies, and behaviors that has long distinguished this genus as a focal taxon in ecological and evolutionary research. Recently Heliconius has also emerged as a model system for using genomic methods to investigate the causes and consequences of biological diversity. One notable aspect of Heliconius diversity is a dichotomy in mating systems which provides an unusual opportunity to investigate the relationship between sexual selection and the evolution of reproductive proteins. As a first step in pursuing this research, we report the generation and analysis of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the male accessory gland of H. erato and H. melpomene, species representative of the two mating systems present in the genus Heliconius. Results We successfully sequenced 933 ESTs clustering into 371 unigenes from H. erato and 1033 ESTs clustering into 340 unigenes from H. melpomene. Results from the two species were very similar. Approximately a third of the unigenes showed no significant BLAST similarity (E-value <10-5) to sequences in GenBank's non-redundant databases, indicating that a large proportion of novel genes are expressed in Heliconius male accessory glands. In both species only a third of accessory gland unigenes were also found among genes expressed in wing tissue. About 25% of unigenes from both species encoded secreted proteins. This includes three groups of highly abundant unigenes encoding repetitive proteins considered to be candidate seminal fluid proteins; proteins encoded by one of these groups were detected in H. erato spermatophores. Conclusion This collection of ESTs will serve as the foundation for the future identification and evolutionary analysis of male reproductive proteins in Heliconius butterflies. These data also represent a significant advance in the rapidly growing collection of genomic resources available in Heliconius butterflies. As such, they substantially enhance this taxon as a model system for investigating questions of ecological, phenotypic, and genomic diversity.

Walters, James R; Harrison, Richard G

2008-01-01

373

Localization and function of the accessory protein Mfa3 in Porphyromonas gingivalis Mfa1 fimbriae.  

PubMed

The fimbriae of Porphyromonas gingivalis, the causative agent of periodontitis, have been implicated in various aspects of pathogenicity, such as colonization, adhesion and aggregation. Porphyromonas gingivalis ATCC 33277 has two adhesins comprised of the FimA and Mfa1 fimbriae. We characterized the PGN0289 (Mfa3) protein, which is one of the three accessory proteins of Mfa1 fimbriae in P. gingivalis. The Mfa3 protein was present in two different sizes, 40 and 43 kDa, in the cell. The 43-kDa and 40-kDa Mfa3 were detected largely in the inner membrane and the outer membrane, respectively. Purified Mfa1 fimbriae contained the 40-kDa Mfa3 alone. Furthermore, the 40-kDa Mfa3 started with the Ala(44) residue of the deduced amino acid sequence, indicating that the N-terminal region of the nascent protein expressed from the mfa3 gene is processed in the transport step from the inner membrane into fimbriae. Immuno-electron microscopy revealed that Mfa3 localized at the tip of the fimbrial shaft. Interestingly, deletion of the mfa3 gene resulted in the absence of other accessory proteins, PGN0290 and PGN0291, in the purified Mfa1 fimbriae, suggesting that Mfa3 is required for integration of PGN0290 and PGN0291 into fimbriae. A double mutant of mfa3 and fimA genes (phenotype Mfa1 plus, FimA minus) showed increased auto-aggregation and biofilm formation similar to a double mutant of mfa1 and fimA genes (phenotype Mfa1(-) , FimA(-) ). These findings suggest that the tip protein Mfa3 of the Mfa1 fimbriae may function in the integration of accessory proteins and in the colonization of P. gingivalis. PMID:24118823

Hasegawa, Y; Nagano, K; Ikai, R; Izumigawa, M; Yoshida, Y; Kitai, N; Lamont, R J; Murakami, Y; Yoshimura, F

2013-10-05

374

[Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (Coumel type): an unusual location of a retrograde accessory pathway].  

PubMed

Permanent junctional reentrant tachycardia (PJRT) is an uncommon form of tachycardia that is usually due to an atrioventricular reentry via a right posteroseptal accessory pathway with decremental properties. We describe a case of PJRT that showed evidence of two accessory pathways located both left and right. A 63-year-old woman was referred to our institution for radiofrequency (RF) ablation of a permanent form of regular narrow QRS tachycardia (T) (cycle length 520 ms) with long RP interval (380 ms); P wave was negative in inferior leads, negative in D1 and flat in aVL. During sinus rhythm, AH and HV intervals were 110 ms and 50 ms respectively. The atrioventricular anterograde conduction curve was continuous. A decremental retrograde conduction via a left posterior pathway until ventricular effective refractory period (210 ms) was evident. Tachycardia inducible with both atrial and ventricular programmed stimulation was almost incessant. During tachycardia, a premature ventricular depolarization delivered when His bundle was refractory was able to advance the next atriogram, and tachycardia could be interrupted by a ventricular depolarization without atrial capture. During right atrial mapping, an earliest atrial activation was found in the mid-septal position just above the coronary sinus ostium and RF application caused a transient interruption of T (3 minutes). Tachycardia resumed with basal characteristics, but no evidence of earlier right atrial activation was found during atrial mapping. Successful RF ablation was performed via retrograde aortic catheterization in the left posterior region. This case showed evidence of a left posterior pathway causing PJRT. However, the transient successful ablation in the right mid-septal region and the lack of evidence of right early atrial activation after RF application could account for the presence of an additional right accessory pathway or a strand of the same broad left pathway. PMID:10231679

Mantovan, R; Viani, S; Stritoni, P

1999-03-01

375

Accessory gland as a site for prothoracicotropic hormone controlled ecdysone synthesis in adult male insects.  

PubMed

Insect steroid hormones (ecdysteroids) are important for female reproduction in many insect species and are required for the initiation and coordination of vital developmental processes. Ecdysteroids are also important for adult male physiology and behavior, but their exact function and site of synthesis remains unclear, although previous studies suggest that the reproductive system may be their source. We have examined expression profiles of the ecdysteroidogenic Halloween genes, during development and in adults of the flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Genes required for the biosynthesis of ecdysone (E), the precursor of the molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), are expressed in the tubular accessory glands (TAGs) of adult males. In contrast, expression of the gene encoding the enzyme mediating 20E synthesis was detected in the ovaries of females. Further, Spookiest (Spot), an enzyme presumably required for endowing tissues with competence to produce ecdysteroids, is male specific and predominantly expressed in the TAGs. We also show that prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), a regulator of E synthesis during larval development, regulates ecdysteroid levels in the adult stage in Drosophila melanogaster and the gene for its receptor Torso seems to be expressed specifically in the accessory glands of males. The composite results suggest strongly that the accessory glands of adult male insects are the main source of E, but not 20E. The finding of a possible male-specific source of E raises the possibility that E and 20E have sex-specific roles analogous to the vertebrate sex steroids, where males produce primarily testosterone, the precursor of estradiol. Furthermore this study provides the first evidence that PTTH regulates ecdysteroid synthesis in the adult stage and could explain the original finding that some adult insects are a rich source of PTTH. PMID:23383307

Hentze, Julie L; Moeller, Morten E; Jørgensen, Anne F; Bengtsson, Meghan S; Bordoy, Anna M; Warren, James T; Gilbert, Lawrence I; Andersen, Ole; Rewitz, Kim F

2013-02-01

376

Ventricular Dyssynchrony and Function Improve following Catheter Ablation of Nonseptal Accessory Pathways in Children  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Paradoxical or hypokinetic interventricular septal motion has been described in patients with septal or paraseptal accessory pathways. Data regarding nonseptal pathways is limited. Methods and Results. We quantified left ventricular dyssynchrony and function in 16 consecutive children, 14.2 ± 3.7 years, weighing 53 ± 17?kg, prior to and following catheter ablation of bidirectional septal (N = 6) and nonseptal (N = 10) accessory pathways. Following ablation, the left ventricular ejection fraction increased by 4.9 ± 2.1% (P = 0.038) from a baseline value of 57.0% ± 7.8%. By tissue Doppler imaging, the interval between QRS onset and peak systolic velocity (Ts) decreased from a median of 33.0?ms to 18.0?ms (P = 0.013). The left ventricular ejection fraction increased to a greater extent following catheter ablation of nonseptal (5.9% ± 2.6%, P = 0.023) versus septal (2.5% ± 4.1%, P = 0.461) pathways. The four patients with an ejection fraction <50%, two of whom had left lateral pathways, improved to >50% after ablation. Similarly, the improvement in dyssynchrony was more marked in patients with nonseptal versus septal pathways (difference between septal and lateral wall motion delay before and after ablation 20.6 ± 7.1?ms (P = 0.015) versus 1.4 ± 11.4?ms (P = 0.655)). Conclusion. Left ventricular systolic function and dyssynchrony improve after ablation of antegrade-conducting accessory pathways in children, with more pronounced changes noted for nonseptal pathways.

Abadir, Sylvia; Fournier, Anne; Dubuc, Marc; Sarquella-Brugada, Georgia; Garceau, Patrick

2013-01-01

377

Accessory Gland as a Site for Prothoracicotropic Hormone Controlled Ecdysone Synthesis in Adult Male Insects  

PubMed Central

Insect steroid hormones (ecdysteroids) are important for female reproduction in many insect species and are required for the initiation and coordination of vital developmental processes. Ecdysteroids are also important for adult male physiology and behavior, but their exact function and site of synthesis remains unclear, although previous studies suggest that the reproductive system may be their source. We have examined expression profiles of the ecdysteroidogenic Halloween genes, during development and in adults of the flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. Genes required for the biosynthesis of ecdysone (E), the precursor of the molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), are expressed in the tubular accessory glands (TAGs) of adult males. In contrast, expression of the gene encoding the enzyme mediating 20E synthesis was detected in the ovaries of females. Further, Spookiest (Spot), an enzyme presumably required for endowing tissues with competence to produce ecdysteroids, is male specific and predominantly expressed in the TAGs. We also show that prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH), a regulator of E synthesis during larval development, regulates ecdysteroid levels in the adult stage in Drosophila melanogaster and the gene for its receptor Torso seems to be expressed specifically in the accessory glands of males. The composite results suggest strongly that the accessory glands of adult male insects are the main source of E, but not 20E. The finding of a possible male-specific source of E raises the possibility that E and 20E have sex-specific roles analogous to the vertebrate sex steroids, where males produce primarily testosterone, the precursor of estradiol. Furthermore this study provides the first evidence that PTTH regulates ecdysteroid synthesis in the adult stage and could explain the original finding that some adult insects are a rich source of PTTH.

Hentze, Julie L.; Moeller, Morten E.; J?rgensen, Anne F.; Bengtsson, Meghan S.; Bordoy, Anna M.; Warren, James T.; Gilbert, Lawrence I.; Andersen, Ole; Rewitz, Kim F.

2013-01-01

378

Posterior Coronary Vein as the Substrate for an Epicardial Accessory Pathway  

PubMed Central

Catheter ablation of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome is associated with up to 5% of failure. Coronary sinus (CS) abnormalities or connections between CS myocardial coat and left ventricular epicardium are associated with posteroseptal and left posterior accessory pathways (AP). A 41-year-old patient with WPW syndrome was referred to our hospital after three unsuccessful ablations. The 12-lead ECG suggested a left posteroseptal AP. CT imaging and electro-anatomic mapping showed a relationship between AP electrical course and CS posterior branch. This finding supports the hypothesis CSAPs lie in the myocardial coat around CS and represent an extensive connection between atrial and ventricular epicardial surface.

Cipoletta, Laura; Acosta, Juan; Mont, Lluis; Berruezo, Antonio

2013-01-01

379

Radiofrequency current catheter ablation of the left atrioventricular accessory pathways with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.  

PubMed

Seventy patients with left atrioventricular accessory pathways and paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA). The success rate was 94.3%. Among these patients, 26 had manifest preexcitation syndrome, and 44 had concealed preexcitation. Eighteen patients with concealed preexcitation underwent coronary sinus (CS) pacing, and delta wave appeared in 15. The keys to successful RFCA were correct positioning of the radiofrequency (RF) catheter tip, A/V amplitude ratio, AV interval (in sinus rhythm) and VA interval (during SVT or ventricular pacing). After 1-14 months of follow-up, two patients had supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) recurrence. PMID:8000061

Wang, J; Guo, J; Wu, Y; Zhu, J; Wang, W; Zhao, H; Liu, X; Lee, M A

1994-06-01

380

Variable location of accessory pathways associated with the permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia and confirmation with radiofrequency ablation.  

PubMed

Permanent junctional reciprocating tachycardia (PJRT) occurs primarily in young patients and causes nearly incessant tachycardia that is frequently refractory to pharmacologic treatment. Previous nonpharmacologic therapy has included surgical or direct-current catheter ablation of either the His bundle or the accessory pathway. The accessory pathway in PJRT has been described as having retrograde and anterograde decremental conduction properties, and is typically identified in the posteroseptal location. This report describes radiofrequency catheter ablation of accessory pathways in 8 patients with PJRT. All ablations were successful and without adverse effects. Accessory pathway potentials were detected just before atrial activation in 6 of 8 patients. A new finding was that 5 of the 8 pathway locations, as identified by the site of successful ablation, were not in the typical posteroseptal region. In 1 patient it was located in the right posteroseptal region, 2 were in the right atrial freewall, 1 was in the right anterior septum and 1 was in the left posterior region just outside of the septal region. In conclusion, radiofrequency catheter ablation can be a highly effective and safe method for treatment of young patients with PJRT. Because the accessory pathways can be located outside of the posteroseptal region, careful mapping of both the right and left atrioventricular groove may be necessary for successful ablation. PMID:1466323

Ticho, B S; Saul, J P; Hulse, J E; De, W; Lulu, J; Walsh, E P

1992-12-15

381

Minerals yearbook, 1993. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1993 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. It contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. A chapter on survey methods with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals, and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are also included.

NONE

1993-12-31

382

Minerals yearbook, 1994. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide minerals and materials industry during 1994 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. The volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. The volume also contains chapters on Survey Methods, a Statistical Summary of Nonfuel Minerals, and Trends in Mining and Quarrying.

NONE

1994-12-31

383

Cytoplasmic Terminus of Vacuolar Type Proton Pump Accessory Subunit Ac45 Is Required for Proper Interaction with V0 Domain Subunits and Efficient Osteoclastic Bone Resorption*S?  

PubMed Central

Solubilization of mineralized bone by osteoclasts is largely dependent on the acidification of the extracellular resorption lacuna driven by the vacuolar (H+)-ATPases (V-ATPases) polarized within the ruffled border membranes. V-ATPases consist of two functionally and structurally distinct domains, V1 and V0. The peripheral cytoplasmically oriented V1 domain drives ATP hydrolysis, which necessitates the translocation of protons across the integral membrane bound V0 domain. Here, we demonstrate that an accessory subunit, Ac45, interacts with the V0 domain and contributes to the vacuolar type proton pump-mediated function in osteoclasts. Consistent with its role in intracellular acidification, Ac45 was found to be localized to the ruffled border region of polarized resorbing osteoclasts and enriched in pH-dependent endosomal compartments that polarized to the ruffled border region of actively resorbing osteoclasts. Interestingly, truncation of the 26-amino acid residue cytoplasmic tail of Ac45, which encodes an autonomous internalization signal, was found to impair bone resorption in vitro. Furthermore, biochemical analysis revealed that although both wild type Ac45 and mutant were capable of associating with subunits a3, c, c?, and d, deletion of the cytoplasmic tail altered its binding proximity with a3, c?, and d. In all, our data suggest that the cytoplasmic terminus of Ac45 contains elements necessary for its proper interaction with V0 domain and efficient osteoclastic bone resorption.

Feng, Haotian; Cheng, Taksum; Pavlos, Nathan J.; Yip, Kirk H. M.; Carrello, Amerigo; Seeber, Ruth; Eidne, Karin; Zheng, Ming H.; Xu, Jiake

2008-01-01

384

Measuring the Hardness of Minerals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author discusses Moh's hardness scale, a comparative scale for minerals, whereby the softest mineral (talc) is placed at 1 and the hardest mineral (diamond) is placed at 10, with all other minerals ordered in between, according to their hardness. Development history of the scale is outlined, as well as a description of how the scale is used…

Bushby, Jessica

2005-01-01

385

Economic MInerals in Geothermal Waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geothermal resources may carry minerals in water, sinters and precipitates, and in steam. The utilization of these minerals is hampered by a lack of interest on the part of geochemists, by institutional obstacles, and by incomplete data on the quantity and quality of the minerals. The potential of obtaining minerals from geothermal resources is discussed. Nearly all geothermal hot water

Barnea

1979-01-01

386

The main and the accessory olfactory systems interact in the control of mate recognition and sexual behavior.  

PubMed

In the field of sensory perception, one noticeable fact regarding olfactory perception is the existence of several olfactory subsystems involved in the detection and processing of olfactory information. Indeed, the vomeronasal or accessory olfactory system is usually conceived as being involved in the processing of pheromones as it is closely connected to the hypothalamus, thereby controlling reproductive function. By contrast, the main olfactory system is considered as a general analyzer of volatile chemosignals, used in the context of social communication, for the identification of the status of conspecifics. The respective roles played by the main and the accessory olfactory systems in the control of mate recognition and sexual behavior are at present still controversial. We summarize in this review recent results showing that both the main and accessory olfactory systems are able to process partially overlapping sets of sexual chemosignals and that both systems support complimentary aspects in mate recognition and in the control of sexual behavior. PMID:19374011

Keller, Matthieu; Baum, Michael J; Brock, Olivier; Brennan, Peter A; Bakker, Julie

2009-06-25

387

Anatomy and physiology of neurons with processes in the accessory medulla of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae.  

PubMed

The accessory medulla (AMe), a small neuropil in the insect optic lobe, has been proposed to serve a circadian pacemaker function analogous to the role of the suprachiasmatic nucleus in mammals. Building upon considerable knowledge of the circadian system of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae, we investigated the properties of AMe neurons in this insect with intracellular recordings combined with dye injections. Responses of neurons with processes in the AMe to visual stimuli, including stationary white light, moving objects, and polarized light were compared with the responses of adjacent medulla tangential neurons. Neurons with processes in the AMe and additional ramifications in the medulla strongly responded to stationary light stimuli and might, therefore, be part of photic entrainment pathways to the clock. Accessory medulla neurons lacking significant processes in the medulla but with projections to the midbrain or to the contralateral optic lobe, in contrast, responded weakly or not at all to light and, thus, seem to be part of the clock's output pathway. Two types of commissural neurons with tangential arborizations in both medullae were sensitive to polarized light, suggesting a role of these neurons in celestial navigation. Sidebranches in the AMae of one of the two cell types are discussed with respect to a possible involvement of the AMe in polarization vision. Finally, neurons responding to movement stimuli did not arborize in the AMe. The results show that the AMe receives photic input and support a role of this neuropil in circadian timekeeping functions. PMID:11596048

Loesel, R; Homberg, U

2001-10-15

388

Accessory flexor digitorum longus presenting as tarsal tunnel syndrome: a case report.  

PubMed

The flexor digitorum accessory longus (FDAL) muscle is one of the most commonly encountered anomalous muscles in the foot and ankle. Literature has documented the prevalence of the FDAL anywhere from 4% to 12%, based on cadaveric limb dissection. The variability of the origin, insertion, size, and location of the FDAL muscle can cause a wide array of foot and ankle pathologies, most notably, tarsal tunnel syndrome and flexor hallucis longus syndrome. Accessory musculature should be included in the list of differential diagnoses for foot and ankle pain until proven otherwise. This report presents a patient who exhibited pain localized to the medial malleolar region and was initially diagnosed with likely tarsal tunnel syndrome. On magnetic resonance imaging, a FDAL muscle was identified and shown to be impinging on the posterior medial anatomic structures. The patient underwent excision of the FDAL and is symptom free to date. The discussion of this case report can prompt foot and ankle surgeons to be more aware of this infrequent finding as well as treatment options. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic, Level IV. PMID:21926358

Saar, William E; Bell, Jennifer

2011-09-16

389

[Relation between neck accessory inspiratory muscle electromyographic activity and lung volume].  

PubMed

Years ago it was reported that, as lung volume increased, there was a corresponding increase in scalene EMG activity (Raper et al. J Appl Physiol 21: 497-502, 1966). Otherwise, the relationship between changing lung volume and the EMG of the respiratory muscles has not been defined. We therefore inserted fine wire electrodes into the scalene (SCLN), sternocleidomastoid (STERNO), and trapezius (TRAPEZ) muscles in 6 healthy subjects under direct vision using high-resolution ultrasound. Maximum EMG activity (EMGmax) was obtained for each muscle by a variety of respiratory and postural maneuvers. Then, in the standing posture, air flow, raw and moving average EMG signals were sampled and input to a computer during quasi-static inspiration from functional residual capacity (FRC) to total lung capacity (TLC). We found that the relationship between EMG and lung volume for SCLN, but not for STERNO or TRAPEZ, was expressed by exponential curves. The onset of SCLN, STERNO and TRAPEZ EMG occurred at 13.3 +/- 7.4 (mean +/- SE), 67.8 +/- 14.6, and 89.2 +/- 3.9% of inspiratory capacity. The EMG of SCLN, STERNO, TRAPEZ, reached 85.7 +/- 2.6, 60.7 +/- 8.6, and 11.8 +/- 5.2% of EMGmax, respectively, at TLC. We conclude that: 1) SCLN is the most, and TRAPEZ the least, active neck accessory inspiratory muscle, while STERNO is intermediate, and 2) there is a lung volume dependency of the neck accessory muscle EMG activity. PMID:11481822

Masubuchi, Y; Abe, T; Yokoba, M; Yamada, T; Katagiri, M; Tomita, T

2001-04-01

390

Identification and distribution of accessory genome DNA sequences from an invasive African isolate of Salmonella Heidelberg.  

PubMed

Nontyphoidal salmonellae (NTS) are a leading cause of invasive disease in young children in sub-Saharan Africa. We used suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) to identify 41 sequences within the accessory genome of an invasive strain of Salmonella Heidelberg from Malawi. PCR assays and database searches, used to determine the distribution of 14 SSH sequences among a panel of African and UK NTS isolates and published genomes, indicated that two were specific for S. Heidelberg. However, we found no evidence for major differences in the accessory genome content between African invasive and gastrointestinal isolates of S. Heidelberg. Six of the SSH sequences were within fimbrial operons. The tcf operon, associated with the host specificity of Salmonella Typhi, and the stk operon, reported previously in Salmonella Paratyphi, were both present in either all (tcf) or most (stk) isolates of S. Heidelberg, but had restricted distributions among the other serovars tested. Reverse transcription PCR analysis of seven SSH sequences indicated variable expression of the stk operon among isolates of S. Heidelberg. Three of the seven targeted genes were not expressed in a UK veterinary isolate of S. Heidelberg, suggesting that although genome content per se may not explain the different pathogenicity of the invasive isolates, it is possible that variations in gene expression may play a role. PMID:19594621

Bronowski, Christina; Winstanley, Craig

2009-06-22

391

The role of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-coronavirus accessory proteins in virus pathogenesis.  

PubMed

A respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus, termed the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), was first reported in China in late 2002. The subsequent efficient human-to-human transmission of this virus eventually affected more than 30 countries worldwide, resulting in a mortality rate of ~10% of infected individuals. The spread of the virus was ultimately controlled by isolation of infected individuals and there has been no infections reported since April 2004. However, the natural reservoir of the virus was never identified and it is not known if this virus will re-emerge and, therefore, research on this virus continues. The SARS-CoV genome is about 30 kb in length and is predicted to contain 14 functional open reading frames (ORFs). The genome encodes for proteins that are homologous to known coronavirus proteins, such as the replicase proteins (ORFs 1a and 1b) and the four major structural proteins: nucleocapsid (N), spike (S), membrane (M) and envelope (E). SARS-CoV also encodes for eight unique proteins, called accessory proteins, with no known homologues. This review will summarize the current knowledge on SARS-CoV accessory proteins and will include: (i) expression and processing; (ii) the effects on cellular processes; and (iii) functional studies. PMID:23202509

McBride, Ruth; Fielding, Burtram C

2012-11-07

392

Regulation of Anopheles gambiae male accessory gland genes influences postmating response in female.  

PubMed

In Drosophila, the accessory gland proteins (Acps) secreted from the male accessory glands (MAGs) and transferred along with sperm into the female reproductive tract have been implicated in triggering postmating behavioral changes, including refractoriness to subsequent mating and propensity to egg laying. Recently, Acps have been found also in Anopheles, suggesting similar functions. Understanding the mechanisms underlying transcriptional regulation of Acps and their functional role in modulating Anopheles postmating behavior may lead to the identification of novel vector control strategies to reduce mosquito populations. We identified heat-shock factor (HSF) binding sites within the Acp promoters of male Anopheles gambiae and discovered three distinct Hsf isoforms; one being significantly up-regulated in the MAGs after mating. Through genome-wide transcription analysis of Hsf-silenced males, we observed significant down-regulation in 50% of the Acp genes if compared to control males treated with a construct directed against an unrelated bacterial sequence. Treated males retained normal life span and reproductive behavior compared to control males. However, mated wild-type females showed a ?46% reduction of egg deposition rate and a ?23% reduction of hatching rate (?58% combined reduction of progeny). Our results highlight an unsuspected role of HSF in regulating Acp transcription in A. gambiae and provide evidence that Acp down-regulation in males leads a significant reduction of progeny, thus opening new avenues toward the development of novel vector control strategies. PMID:22997226

Dottorini, Tania; Persampieri, Tania; Palladino, Pietro; Baker, Dean A; Spaccapelo, Roberta; Senin, Nicola; Crisanti, Andrea

2012-09-20

393

Studies on the paramyxovirus accessory genes by reverse genetics in the Sendai virus-mouse system  

PubMed Central

Nucleotide sequencing of the entire genomes was completed in the 1980s for most members of the Paramyxoviridae. It then became a new common task with challenge for researchers in the field to establish a system to recover the virus entirely from cDNA, thereby allowing reverse genetics (free manipulation of the viral genome). Using Sendai virus, we established a system of incomparable virus recovery efficiency early on. This technology was then fully exploited in answering a series of long-held questions. In particular, two accessory genes whose functions had remained enigmatic were demonstrated to encode special functions critical in viral in vivo pathogenesis producing fatal pneumonia in mice, although dispensable in virus replication at the in vitro cellular level. Their in vivo functions were found to counteract the two respective facets of the antiviral state induced by interferons and an interferon regulatory factor 3-dependent but yet unknown effector. These achievements appear to have facilitated a scientific trend where the accessory genes are a focus of active investigation in studies on other paramyxoviruses and opened up a new common ground shared between virology and immunology.

Sakaguchi, Takemasa; Kato, Atsushi; Kiyotani, Katsuhiro; Yoshida, Tetsuya; Nagai, Yoshiyuki

2008-01-01

394

Orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia and heart failure in a dog with a concealed posteroseptal accessory pathway.  

PubMed

A 4-month-old male Labrador Retriever was presented for recurrent bouts of pulmonary edema associated with tachycardia. Initial physical examination and echocardiography were unremarkable, and the electrocardiogram revealed only an intraventricular conduction disturbance. Subsequent recordings showed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) (340 beats/min), which consistently produced pulmonary edema. The supraventricular tachycardia was unresponsive to adenosine, esmolol, and propranolol; was variable and transiently responsive to various vagal maneuvers and precordial thumps; and was always responsive to IV diltiazem. Multiple life-threatening episodes of SVT occurred, however, despite the chronic administration of oral diltiazem, propranolol, and procainamide. Diastolic cardiac dysfunction was documented by Doppler echocardiography and was thought to contribute to the development of pulmonary edema. A subsequent electrophysiologic study confirmed the presence of an atrioventricular posteroseptal accessory pathway that participated in orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia. This pathway was determined to conduct only in the retrograde direction ("concealed accessory pathway"). Intraoperative IV procainamide titration terminated the arrhythmia, which could not be reinduced when procainamide blood concentration approximated 20 micrograms/dL. Increasing the oral procainamide dose to achieve such plasma concentrations was successful in eliminating orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia, preventing heart failure, and returning Doppler indices of diastolic function to normal. PMID:7891362

Atkins, C E; Kanter, R; Wright, K; Saba, Z; Baty, C; Swanson, C; Bai, S; Keene, B W

395

The Role of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)-Coronavirus Accessory Proteins in Virus Pathogenesis  

PubMed Central

A respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus, termed the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), was first reported in China in late 2002. The subsequent efficient human-to-human transmission of this virus eventually affected more than 30 countries worldwide, resulting in a mortality rate of ~10% of infected individuals. The spread of the virus was ultimately controlled by isolation of infected individuals and there has been no infections reported since April 2004. However, the natural reservoir of the virus was never identified and it is not known if this virus will re-emerge and, therefore, research on this virus continues. The SARS-CoV genome is about 30 kb in length and is predicted to contain 14 functional open reading frames (ORFs). The genome encodes for proteins that are homologous to known coronavirus proteins, such as the replicase proteins (ORFs 1a and 1b) and the four major structural proteins: nucleocapsid (N), spike (S), membrane (M) and envelope (E). SARS-CoV also encodes for eight unique proteins, called accessory proteins, with no known homologues. This review will summarize the current knowledge on SARS-CoV accessory proteins and will include: (i) expression and processing; (ii) the effects on cellular processes; and (iii) functional studies.

McBride, Ruth; Fielding, Burtram C.

2012-01-01

396

Mineral hydrolysis kinetics  

SciTech Connect

Dissolution rate laws for silicate mineral weathering can be related to kinetics of ligand-exchange reactions. This relation is being tested with an experimental/analytical/theoretical program for measuring the dissolution kinetics of orthosilicate minerals for use in ionic modeling and molecular dynamics computer simulations of solid, aqueous solution, and solid/liquid interface. To date, dissolution rate have been measured for a suite of endmember and mixed-cation orthosilicate minerals (both olivine and willemite structures) as well as a few inosilicate minerals (pyroxenes). Dissolution rates appear to correlate well with solvent exchange rates around the hydrated divalent cations. Siloxane (Si-O-Si) bonds are relatively unreactive at low pH`s close to zero point of neutral charge for quartz. The correlation suggests that silicic acid would be released from the reacting surfaces after protonation and hydration of bonds between divalent metals and structural oxygens; congruent dissolution is confirmed by Rutherford backscattered analysis of the near-surface of an acid-reacted forsterite. In the ionic modeling, except for liebenbergite, there is a general trend of increasing lattice energy with decreasing dissolution rate for endmember and mixed-cation orthosilicate minerals at pH 2. 3 figs, 4 refs.

Westrich, H.R.; Cygan, R.T.; Arnold, G.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Casey, W.H. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Land, Air, and Water Resources

1993-07-01

397

Minerals and foreign policy  

SciTech Connect

There is no such thing as a purely domestic or foreign minerals issue. Domestic policies, such as the setting aside of public lands as wilderness regions or enforcement of stringent clean air standards on smelters, may link directly to our world trade and supply position and affect foreign-policy interests. Conversely, economic and political events in far corners of the world may affect whether an American plant will be able to obtain a certain critical industrial or strategic commodity. The State Department attaches importance to a strong domestic-mining sector which can contribute to our defense, economic, and foreign-policy objectives. The Department will continue to give a high priority of nonfuel mineral-supply issues in the conduct of foreign affairs. The inquiry into problems of national minerals policy, which Congressman Santini and others in Congress currently are making in connection with the Presidential non-fuel minerals policy review, has been very helpful. An active and sustained interest by the relevant Congressional committees, in consultation with the Administration, can add significantly to our understanding of minerals issues and can facilitate the implementation of more effective policies to deal with them.

Calingaert, M.

1980-01-01

398

Fluoride and mineralized tissues.  

PubMed

This review focuses on the interaction of fluoride with the material properties of bone and teeth, which is of clinical, scientific, and public health interest. These tissues are composed primarily of collagen (protein) and hydroxyapatite (mineral), and their mechanical function depends on the properties of the constituents, their proportions, the interface, and the three-dimensional structure. Changing any of these may have clinical consequences. Fluoride interacts with mineralized tissues in a number of ways. At low doses, the fluoride may be passively incorporated into the mineral, stabilizing it against dissolution; this is one of the mechanisms by which municipally fluoridated water reduces the incidence of dental caries. At higher doses, such as those used for treatment of osteoporosis, the fluoride may alter the amount and structure of tissue present, including altering the interface between the collagen and mineral. At very high doses, skeletal and dental fluorosis occurs, characterized by debilitating changes in the skeleton and by marked mottling and discoloration of teeth, which may be accompanied by increased wear of the enamel. These effects have been observed in communities where the local drinking water has naturally high fluoride levels. Understanding the influence of fluoride on mineralized tissues is, therefore, of considerable significance. PMID:19740071

Chachra, Debbie; Vieira, Anya P G F; Grynpas, Marc D

2008-01-01

399

Compressive neuropathy of long thoracic nerve and accessory nerve secondary to heavy load bearing. A case report.  

PubMed

Carrying heavy loads that compress the shoulders is a possible etiological factor for both accessory and long thoracic nerve entrapment. In our patient, shouldering heavy loads damaged both nerves. A 27-year-old right-hand-dominant man was referred because of difficulty in raising his arms after a brief period of painful episodes due to heavy load bearing on both shoulders. Atrophic muscles around the shoulders, depressed and winged scapula were noted. An EMG confirmed entrapment of long thoracic and accessory nerves. An exercise program was instituted; 16 months after initial referral, though winged scapula was still noted, manual muscular strength had returned without functional limitation. PMID:17259913

Sahin, F; Yilmaz, F; Esit, N; Aysal, F; Kuran, B

2007-01-30

400

The JMU Mineral Museum - Observing Physical Properties of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mineral museums provide a resourse for students to explore beautiful examples of minerals. During the exploration process, they can also apply or reinforce visual observation skills they have learned in lab. The James Madison University Mineral Museum (http://csm.jmu.edu/minerals/) provides educational opportunities for both introductory geology and earth science courses as well as advanced major. In this exercise, students have possibly their first opportunity to enjoy the wonderous world of minerals in an exhilerating display. During the exploration process, students are provided a reinforcment of visual observation skills previously experienced in lab and an introduction to mineral names and classifications.

Kearns, Cynthia A.

401

Maneuverable full face miner  

SciTech Connect

A full face miner including a simplified conveying arrangement and designed for easy maneuverability into and out of mine sites. A plow operatively mounted to and longitudinally movable with each of a pair of rotatable cutting heads of the miner provide for the conveyance of cut coal to a middle conveying portion for ultimate transport away from the mine site. The mounting mechanism for the cutting heads is designed so that at least the end portions thereof are movable from a position generally parallel to the mine face to a position generally perpendicular to the mine face and extending in front of and in line with the central conveying means, for ease of withdrawal from the mining area. A motive power source, such as a powered crawler or powered wheels, is provided which is movable into operative engagement with the ground to transport the miner to and from the mining site when in a collapsed position.

Delli-gatti, F. A.; Justice, J. C.

1980-12-16

402

Microbially mediated mineral carbonation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mineral carbonation involves silicate dissolution and carbonate precipitation, which are both natural processes that microorganisms are able to mediate in near surface environments (Ferris et al., 1994; Eq. 1). (Ca,Mg)SiO3 + 2H2CO3 + H2O ? (Ca,Mg)CO3 + H2O + H4SiO4 + O2 (1) Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs with cell surface characteristics and metabolic processes involving inorganic carbon that can induce carbonate precipitation. This occurs partly by concentrating cations within their net-negative cell envelope and through the alkalinization of their microenvironment (Thompson & Ferris, 1990). Regions with mafic and ultramafic bedrock, such as near Atlin, British Columbia, Canada, represent the best potential sources of feedstocks for mineral carbonation. The hydromagnesite playas near Atlin are a natural biogeochemical model for the carbonation of magnesium silicate minerals (Power et al., 2009). Field-based studies at Atlin and corroborating laboratory experiments demonstrate the ability of a microbial consortium dominated by filamentous cyanobacteria to induce the precipitation of carbonate minerals. Phototrophic microbes, such as cyanobacteria, have been proposed as a means for producing biodiesel and other value added products because of their efficiency as solar collectors and low requirement for valuable, cultivable land in comparison to crops (Dismukes et al., 2008). Carbonate precipitation and biomass production could be facilitated using specifically designed ponds to collect waters rich in dissolved cations (e.g., Mg2+ and Ca2+), which would allow for evapoconcentration and provide an appropriate environment for growth of cyanobacteria. Microbially mediated carbonate precipitation does not require large quantities of energy or chemicals needed for industrial systems that have been proposed for rapid carbon capture and storage via mineral carbonation (e.g., Lackner et al., 1995). Therefore, this biogeochemical approach may represent a readily implemented and economically efficient alternative to other technologies currently under development for mineral sequestration. Dismukes GC, Carrieri D, Bennette N, Ananyev GM, Posewitz MC (2008) Aquatic phototrophs: efficient alternatives to land-based crops for biofuels. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 19, 235-240. Ferris FG, Wiese RG, Fyfe WS (1994) Precipitation of carbonate minerals by microorganisms: Implications of silicate weathering and the global carbon dioxide budget. Geomicrobiology Journal, 12, 1-13. Lackner KS, Wendt CH, Butt DP, Joyce EL, Jr., Sharp DH (1995) Carbon dioxide disposal in carbonate minerals. Energy, 20, 1153-1170. Power IM, Wilson SA, Thom JM, Dipple GM, Gabites JE, Southam G (2009) The hydromagnesite playas of Atlin, British Columbia, Canada: A biogeochemical model for CO2 sequestration. Chemical Geology, 206, 302-316. Thompson JB, Ferris FG (1990) Cyanobacterial precipitation of gypsum, calcite, and magnesite from natural alkaline lake water. Geology, 18, 995-998.

Power, I. M.; Wilson, S. A.; Dipple, G. M.; Southam, G.

2010-12-01

403

Advancements for continuous miners  

SciTech Connect

Design changes and new technology make the modern continuous miner more user friendly. Two of the major manufacturers, Joy Mining Machinery and DBT, both based near Pittsburgh, PA, USA, have recently acquired other OEMs to offer a greater product line. Joy's biggest development in terms of improving cutting time is the FACEBOSS Control System which has an operator assistance element and Joy Surface Reporting Software (JSRP). Joy's WetHead continuous miners have excellent performance. DBT is researching ways to make the machines more reliable with new drive systems. It has also been experimenting with water sprays to improve dust suppression. 4 photos.

Fiscor, S.

2007-06-15

404

Vitamin/mineral composition  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A composition comprising Shilajit or an extract thereof in a vitamin and/or mineral preparation. Shilajit is a compact mass of vegetable organic matter, composed of a gummy matrix interspersed with vegetable fibres and minerals. Substances which have been identified in Shilajit include moisture, gums, albuminoids, calcium, potassium, nitrogen, silica, resin, vegetable matter, magnesium, sulphur, iron, chloride, phosphorous, iodine, glycosides, tannic acid, benzoic acid and a number of vitamins and enzymes. The invention further relates to a method to restore energetic balance or intensity, or to support or enhance a bioenergetic field in a mammal comprising administering to a mammal an effective amount of Shilajit or an extract thereof.

Rowland; David (Nobel, CA)

1995-04-11

405

Minerals Yearbook 1989: Boron  

SciTech Connect

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to distributors, textile-grade glass fibers, and borosilicate glasses. California was the only domestic source of boron minerals. The United States continued to provide essentially all of its own supply while maintaining a strong position as a source of sodium borate products and boric acid exported to foreign markets. Supplementary U.S. imports of Turkish calcium borate and calcium-sodium borate ores, borax, and boric acid, primarily for various glass uses, continued.

Lyday, P.A.

1990-08-01

406

Subcortical microtubule network separates the periplasm from the endoplasm and is responsible for maintaining the position of accessory nuclei in hymenopteran oocytes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oocytes of hymenopterans are equipped with peculiar organelles termed accessory nuclei. These organelles originate from the germinal vesicle (oocyte nucleus) and gather preferentially at the anterior pole. To gain insight into the mechanism of uneven (asymmetrical) distribution of accessory nuclei, the organization of the microtubule cytoskeleton in the oocytes of two hymenopterans Chrysis ignita and Cosmoconus meridionator has been studied.

Szczepan M. Bili?ski; Jerzy Klag; Janusz Kubrakiewicz

1995-01-01

407

AIDS Vaccination Studies with an Ex Vivo Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Model: Analysis of the Accessory ORF-A Protein and DNA as Protective Immunogens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Determining which antigen must be included in AIDS vaccines to confer maximum protection is of utmost importance. In primate models, vaccines consisting of or including accessory viral proteins have yielded conflicting results. We investigated the protective potential of the accessory protein ORF-A of feline immuno- deficiency virus (FIV) in cats. All three immunization strategies used (protein alone in alum adjuvant,

Mauro Pistello; Francesca Bonci; J. Norman Flynn; Paola Mazzetti; Patrizia Isola; Elisa Zabogli; Valentina Camerini; Donatella Matteucci; Giulia Freer; Paolo Pelosi; Mauro Bendinelli

2006-01-01

408

Morphology and pigment-dispersing hormone immunocytochemistry of the accessory medulla, the presumptive circadian pacemaker of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae: a light- and electron-microscopic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To provide a framework for a cellular analysis of the accessory medulla, which is the presumptive circadian pacemaker of hemimetabolous insects, we have studied this neuropil and its associated neuronal structures by light- and electron-microscopy in the cockroach Leucophaea maderae. The accessory medulla is situated at the ventromedial edge of the medulla and shows no evidence of a retinotopical organization.

Thomas Reischig; Monika Stengl

1996-01-01

409

Accessory mitral valve tissue causing severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in a post-Senning patient with transposition of the great arteries  

PubMed Central

Accessory mitral valve tissue is a rare congenital anomaly associated with congenital cardiac defects and is usually detected in the first decade of life. We describe the case of an 18-year old post-Senning asymptomatic patient who was found to have accessory mitral valve tissue on transthoracic echocardiography producing severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction.

Panduranga, Prashanth; Eapen, Thomas; Al-Maskari, Salim; Al-Farqani, Abdullah

2011-01-01

410

The Physical Characteristics of Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offered by Amethyst Galleries, Inc. (an online minerals store), the Physical Characteristics of Minerals Web site offers a detailed description of how minerals are identified. Each page gives good information and examples of a particular characteristic (e.g, color, hardness, cleavage, feel, and taste). Also, on the first page are links to dozens of minerals that are categorized by name, class, interesting groupings, and great localities. These give the class, subclass, group, uses, physical characteristics, and sample photographs of that particular mineral. Anyone interested in geology, minerals, or gemstones will find this site very informative and fun to explore.

1998-01-01

411

Minerals yearbook 1977. Volume I. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

This report contains chapters on virtually all metallic and nonmetallic mineral commodities important to the domestic economy. In addition, it includes a general review chapter on the mineral industries, a chapter on mining and quarrying trends, and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1980-01-01

412

Binding-induced Stabilization and Assembly of the Phage P22 Tail Accessory Factor gp4  

SciTech Connect

To infect and replicate, bacteriophage P22 injects its 43 kbp genome across the cell wall of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. The attachment of phage P22 to the host cell as well as the injection of the viral DNA into the host is mediated by the virion's tail complex. This 2.8 MDa molecular machine is formed by five proteins, which include the portal protein gp1, the adhesion tailspike protein gp9, and three tail accessory factors: gp4, gp10, gp26. We have isolated the tail accessory factor gp4 and characterized its structure and binding interactions with portal protein. Interestingly, gp4 exists in solution as a monomer, which displays an exceedingly low structural stability (T{sub m} 34 {sup o}C). Unfolded gp4 is prone to aggregation within a narrow range of temperatures both in vitro and in Salmonella extracts. In the virion the thermal unfolding of gp4 is prevented by the interaction with the dodecameric portal protein, which stabilizes the structure of gp4 and suppresses unfolded gp4 from irreversibly aggregating in the Salmonella milieu. The structural stabilization of gp4 is accompanied by the concomitant oligomerization of the protein to form a ring of 12 subunits bound to the lower end of the portal ring. The interaction of gp4 with portal protein is complex and likely involves the distinct binding of two non-equivalent sets of six gp4 proteins. Binding of the first set of six gp4 equivalents to dodecameric portal protein yields a gp(1){sub 12}:gp(4){sub 6} assembly intermediate, which is stably populated at 30 {sup o}C and can be resolved by native gel electrophoresis. The final product of the assembly reaction is a bi-dodecameric gp(1){sub 12}:gp(4){sub 12} complex, which appears hollow by electron microscopy, suggesting that gp4 does not physically plug the DNA entry/exit channel, but acts as a structural adaptor for the other tail accessory factors: gp10 and gp26.

Olia,A.; Al-Bassam, J.; Winn-Stapley, D.; Joss, L.; Casjens, S.; Cingolani, G.

2006-01-01

413

Minerals yearbook, 1985. Volume 1. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the 1985 Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 72 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains a chapter on mining and quarrying trends, a chapter discussing the statistical surveying methods used by the Bureau of Mines, and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1987-01-01

414

Minerals Yearbook, 1988. Volume 1. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

Volume I of the 1988 Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 79 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the U.S. Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains chapters on mining and quarrying trends and on the statistical surveying methods used by the Bureau of Mines and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1990-01-01

415

Minerals yearbook, 1984. Volume 1. Metals and minerals  

SciTech Connect

The volume of the Minerals Yearbook, covering metals and minerals, contains 72 commodity or commodity group chapters with data on approximately 90 minerals that were obtained as a result of the mineral information gathering activities of the Bureau of Mines. In addition, the volume contains a chapter on mining and quarrying trends, a chapter discussing the statistical surveying methods used by the Bureau of Mines, and a statistical summary.

Not Available

1985-01-01

416

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: Boron.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed be sales to textile-grade glass fibers, and soaps and detergents. California was the only d...

P. A. Lyday

1993-01-01

417

Minerals Yearbook, 1991: Boron.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

U.S. production and sales of boron minerals and chemicals decreased during the year. Domestically, glass fiber insulation was the largest use for borates, followed by sales to textile-grade glass fibers, sales to distributors, and borosilicate glasses. Ca...

P. A. Lyday

1992-01-01

418

Minerals Yearbook, 1990: Indiana.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is on the Mineral Industry of Indiana. The State's position as the Nation's leading steel producer was solidified by several events, including completion of the $525 million I/N Tek cold rolling mill at New Carlisle in March. Other noteworthy d...

W. J. West

1992-01-01

419

Mixtures and mineral reactions  

SciTech Connect

Considerable progress has been made in our understanding of the physicochemical evolution of natural rocks through systematic analysis of the compositional properties and phase relations of their mineral assemblages. This book brings together concepts of classical thermodynamics, solution models, and atomic ordering and interactions that constitute a basis of such analysis, with examples of application to subsolidus petrological problems.

Saxena, S.; Ganguly, J.

1987-01-01

420

Mineral Resources Research Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the United States nearly one billion tons of material per year are subjected to comminution processes in the mineral and cement industries at an approximate power consumption of 25 billion kilowatt-hours. Clearly, even small improvements in the efficie...

A. J. Lynch R. L. Wiegel

1972-01-01

421

Introduction to Mineral Equilibria  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is short problem set to be used in class. It helps focus discussion, while providing a starting point for discussing mineral reactions and phase diagrams. Students are exposed to ternary composition diagrams and to phase diagrams. They are also introduced to the phase rule, although in quite a superficial way.

Perkins, Dexter

422

Ocean mineral revenue sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the importance of ocean mineral revenue sharing, from both the oil and gas of the continental margin and the manganese nodules of the deep seabed, at the United Nations Law of the Sea Conference. First the paper examines margin revenue sharing as proposed in Article 82, Informal Composite Negotiating Text. It estimates the amount of oil and

Vincent J. Nigrelli

1978-01-01

423

Minerals Yearbook, 1991: Mississippi.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report has been prepared under a Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the Office of Geology, Mississippi Department of Environmental Quality, for collecting information on all nonfuel miner...

D. H. White S. C. Knox M. B. E. Bograd

1993-01-01

424

Fossils and Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site from the Black Hills Institute features information about different types of fossils, minerals, meteorites, and geology in general. Each topic has a brief description, with links to a more detailed explanation. Various samples and books are abailable for purchase on the site.

Research, Inc. B.

425

Identification of Minerals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lab described in this article was developed to satisfy two major goals. First, the activity is designed to show students the proper techniques used to identify the seven characteristics of all minerals. Second, the lab gives students a glimpse into the life of a professional field geologist. The author has students complete this lab at the…

Allison, Diane

2005-01-01

426

MALE ACCESSORY GLAND FACTORS ELICIT CHANGE FROM 'VIRGIN' TO 'MATED' BEHAVIOUR IN THE FEMALE CORN EARWORM MOTH HELICOVERPA ZEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary After mating, the females of many species of moths become depleted of sex pheromone, calling behaviour is terminated, and they become transiently or permanently unreceptive to additional matings. In the corn earworm moth, Helicoverpa zea, we have found that the male accessory gland\\/duplex is required for evoking the post-mating depletion of sex pheromone but apparently not for the cessation

TIMOTHY G. KINGAN; PATRICIA A. THOMAS-LAEMONT

1993-01-01

427

Investigating Consumer Insight by Using Completion Techniques: A Case Study of a Motorcycle Accessory Shop in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

With almost 10% of the world’s motorcycles in use in Thailand, this indicates that Thailand is a big market for motorcycle accessories in the world. This qualitative research aims to investigate consumer insight by using completion techniques (sentence completion and story completion). Three respondents were deployed by using accidental sampling. Respondents were recruited to complete questionnaires when they entered the

Chutinon Putthiwanit

2012-01-01

428

Accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones of the ankle and foot: imaging findings, clinical significance and differential diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accessory ossicles and sesamoid bones are frequent findings in routine radiographs of the ankle and foot. They are commonly considered fortuitous and unrelated to the patient's complaint; however, they may eventually cause painful syndromes or degenerative changes in response to overuse and trauma. They may also suffer or simulate fractures. Our aim was to review, illustrate and discuss the imaging

J. M. Mellado; A. Ramos; E. Salvadó; A. Camins; M. Danús; A. Saurí

2003-01-01

429

The structural organization of glomerular neuropile in the olfactory and accessory lobes of an Australian freshwater crayfish, Cherax destructor  

Microsoft Academic Search

The olfactory and accessory lobes of the crayfish, Cherax destructor contain glomeruli. Light microscope and electron microscope studies show that these glomeruli are the only regions of synaptic activity in the lobes and that at least four separate sets of axons meet within the glomeruli. The olfactory glomeruli are column shaped, complex structures with no large single pre- or postsynaptic

D. C. Sandeman; S. E. Luff

1973-01-01

430

Radiofrequency Ablation of Accessory Pathways in Children with Complex Congenital Cardiac Lesions: A Report of Three Cases  

PubMed Central

Catheter ablation is an accepted, highly effective modality of treatment for cardiac arrhythmias in children. The success rate depends on the operator’s experience, especially in cases involving complex anatomies. We hereby report our recent experience of successful ablation of accessory pathways in three children with complex congenital heart diseases. The first case was a 7-year-old girl with tricuspid atresia and a previous Glenn shunt, in whom a sub-epicardial overt accessory pathway was successfully ablated via the coronary sinus. The second case, a 9-year-old girl, received accessory pathway ablation via the fenestration of an extracardiac Fontan pathway. The third case was a 14-year-old boy with dextrocardia, common atrium, common ventricle, and a previous extracardiac Fontan operation, in whom ablation of a concealed accessory pathway was carried out retrogradely from the aorta. All the ablations were done in Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Tehran, and all the patients were discharged from the hospital without any complication.

Dalili, Mohammad; Rao, Jayakeerthi Y; Brugada, Pedro

2013-01-01

431

Load redistribution after desmotomy of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon in adult horses  

Microsoft Academic Search

An analysis of joint moments was used to study the biomechanical implications, load redistribution and kinematic pattern following desmotomy of the accessory ligament of the deep digital flexor tendon (AL) in adult horses. Recordings of 6 sound horses were made before and 10 days after desmotomy of the AL of the right forelimb at the walk and the trot. Kinematic

H. H. F. Buchner; H. H. C. M. Savelberg; C. K. Becker

1996-01-01

432

Material flows of mobile phones and accessories in Nigeria: Environmental implications and sound end-of-life management options  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presently, Nigeria is one of the fastest growing Telecom markets in the world. The country's teledensity increased from a mere 0.4 in 1999 to 10 in 2005 following the liberalization of the Telecom sector in 2001. More than 25 million new digital mobile lines have been connected by June 2006. Large quantities of mobile phones and accessories including secondhand and remanufactured

Oladele Osibanjo; Innocent Chidi Nnorom

2008-01-01

433

The First Isotopic Dating of the Dhofar 025 Lunar Meteorite by U-Pb Method Using Accessory Zircon  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the first time Dhofar 025 meteorite is dated by U-Pb method using the accessory zircon. Acquired ages of zircon grain and breccia are 4, 5 and 2 Ga respectively. Our results suggest that Dhofar 025 is a unique rock ejected from the lunar farside.

Leontieva, E. M.; Matukov, D. I.; Nazarov, M. A.; Sergeev, S. A.; Shukolyukov, Yu. A.

2005-03-01

434

The accessory subunit of mitochondrial DNA polymerase c determines the DNA content of mitochondrial nucleoids in human cultured cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accessory subunit of mitochondrial DNA poly- merase c, POLGb, functions as a processivity factor in vitro. Here we show POLGb has additional roles in mitochondrial DNA metabolism. Mitochondrial DNA is arranged in nucleoprotein complexes, or nucleoids, which often contain multiple copies of the mitochondrial genome. Gene-silencing of POLGb increased nucleoid numbers, whereas over- expression of POLGb reduced the number

M. Di Re; H. Sembongi; J. He; A. Reyes; T. Yasukawa; P. Martinsson; L. J. Bailey; S. Goffart; J. D. Boyd-Kirkup; T. S. Wong; A. R. Fersht; J. N. Spelbrink; I. J. Holt

435

Pretectal and Accessory-Optic Visual Nuclei of Fish, Amphibia and Reptiles: Theme and Variations (Part 1 of 2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The organization of the accessory optic and pretectal circuits is surveyed in a variety of poikilotherms and the conclusion drawn that a common organizational pattern exists. This pattern consists of the presence of three optic pretectal nuclei located rostrocaudally in lateral-superficial, central and dorsomedial (or periventricular) positions. Furthermore, a well-defined basal optic tract and ventrolaterally placed terminal field at the

Katherine V. Fite

1985-01-01

436

Clinical and Experimental Considerations of the Immunologic Response to Prostatic and Other Accessory Glands Tissues of Reproduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In the present report two distinct but aligned areas of investigation pursued in this and other laboratories are reviewed. In the first, the experimental production of hetero-, iso-, and autoantibodies to prostatic and other accessory glands tissues of reproduction of man, monkey, canine, and rabbit have been employed to study the immunologic properties of these tissues and their possible

R. J. Ablin; W. A. Soanes; M. J. Gonder

1970-01-01

437

Radiofrequency ablation of accessory pathways in children with complex congenital cardiac lesions: a report of three cases.  

PubMed

Catheter ablation is an accepted, highly effective modality of treatment for cardiac arrhythmias in children. The success rate depends on the operator's experience, especially in cases involving complex anatomies. We hereby report our recent experience of successful ablation of accessory pathways in three children with complex congenital heart diseases. The first case was a 7-year-old girl with tricuspid atresia and a previous Glenn shunt, in whom a sub-epicardial overt accessory pathway was successfully ablated via the coronary sinus. The second case, a 9-year-old girl, received accessory pathway ablation via the fenestration of an extracardiac Fontan pathway. The third case was a 14-year-old boy with dextrocardia, common atrium, common ventricle, and a previous extracardiac Fontan operation, in whom ablation of a concealed accessory pathway was carried out retrogradely from the aorta. All the ablations were done in Rajaie Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Tehran, and all the patients were discharged from the hospital without any complication. PMID:23967034

Dalili, Mohammad; Rao, Jayakeerthi Y; Brugada, Pedro

2013-04-28

438

Restoration of Elbow Flexion in Brachial Plexus Avulsion Injury: Comparing Spinal Accessory Nerve Transfer With Intercostal Nerve Transfer  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was performed to compare the clinical outcome of 2 types of commonly used nerve transfers, the spinal accessory nerve transfer and the intercostal nerve transfer. This study was a prospective randomized parallel trial involving 205 patients presenting between 1989 and 1994. All patients were males ranging in age from 16 to 43 years. All patients underwent surgery within

Saranatra Waikakul; Saichol Wongtragul; Vichai Vanadurongwan

1999-01-01

439

The accessory subunit of DNA polymerase ? is essential for mitochondrial DNA maintenance and development in Drosophila melanogaster  

PubMed Central

DNA polymerase ?, Pol ?, is the key replicative enzyme in animal mitochondria. The Drosophila enzyme is a heterodimer comprising catalytic and accessory subunits of 125 kDa and 35 kDa, respectively. Both subunits have been cloned and characterized in a variety of model systems, and genetic mutants of the catalytic subunit were first identified in Drosophila, as chemically induced mutations that disrupt larval behavior (tamas). Mutations in the gene encoding the accessory subunit have not yet been described in any organism. Here, we report the consequences of null mutations upon mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) replication and morphology, cell proliferation, and organismal viability. Mutations in the accessory subunit cause lethality during early pupation, concomitant with loss of mtDNA and mitochondrial mass, and reduced cell proliferation in the central nervous system. Surprisingly, the function of the central nervous system and muscle, as assessed in a locomotion assay, are only marginally affected. This finding is in contrast to our previous findings that disruption in the function of the catalytic subunit causes severe reduction in larval locomotion. We discuss our results in the context of current hypotheses for the function of the accessory subunit in mtDNA replication.

Iyengar, Balaji; Luo, Ningguang; Farr, Carol L.; Kaguni, Laurie S.; Campos, Ana Regina

2002-01-01

440

Seminal leukocyte concentration and related specific reactive oxygen species production in patients with male accessory gland infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to determine whether differences occur in seminal concentrations of white blood corpuscles (sWBC) and whether WBC production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is related to the infiltration of one or more male sexual glands. We studied 70 infertile patients affected by bacterial male accessory gland infections (MAGI) who were divided clinically and, by ultrasound

E. Vicari

1999-01-01

441

Chronic prostatitis and male accessory gland infection - is there an impact on male infertility (diagnosis and therapy)?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. The aim of this article was to discuss by means of a review of the literature and own study material the multifactorial aetiology of male infer- tility, extrapolate this hypothesis to male accessory gland infection (MAGI) and relate it to chronic prostatitis and its treatment. Infertility is a multifac- torial disease and diagnosis and therapy must be oriented as

K. Everaert; A. Mahmoud; C. Depuydt; M. Maeyaert; F. Comhaire

2003-01-01

442

The morphology of the phallosome and accessory gland material transfer during copulation in the blowfly, Lucilia cuprina (Insecta, Diptera)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanism of insemination in Lucilia cuprina is described. There are four duct openings on the phallosome. The terminal pore is continuous with the internal reproductive organs. The sub-terminal pore and paired, lateral pores are the openings of ducts formed by cuticular invaginations. The male accessory gland material appears to be re-routed from the terminal pore into the ducts of

D. J. Merritt

1989-01-01

443

Alphabetical Listing of Mineral Species  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This directory provides an alphabetical listing of more than 4,000 mineral species. Clicking on each mineral name provides access to information including chemical formula and composition, locality and name origin, physical properties, optical properties, images, and many others.

444

Crystal Structure of a Truncated Urease Accessory Protein UreF From Helicobacter pylori  

PubMed Central

Urease plays a central role in the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori in humans. Maturation of this nickel metalloenzyme in bacteria requires the participation of the accessory proteins UreD (termed UreH in H. pylori), UreF, and UreG which form sequential complexes with the urease apoprotein as well as UreE, a metallochaperone. Here, we describe the crystal structure of C-terminal truncated UreF from H. pylori (residues 1-233), the first UreF structure to be determined, at 1.55 Å resolution using SAD methods. UreF forms a dimer in vitro and adopts an all-helical fold congruent with secondary structure prediction. On the basis of evolutionary conservation analysis, the structure reveals a probable binding surface for interaction with other urease components as well as key conserved residues of potential functional relevance.

Lam, Robert; Romanov, Vladimir; Johns, Kathy; Battaile, Kevin P.; Wu-Brown, Jean; Guthrie, Jennifer L.; Hausinger, Robert P.; Pai, Emil F.; Chirgadze, Nickolay Y.

2010-01-01

445

Convergence of FPR-rs3-expressing neurons in the mouse accessory olfactory bulb.  

PubMed

In the mouse, most members of the FPR receptor family are expressed by vomeronasal sensory neurons. The neural circuitry corresponding to this class of chemical sensors is unknown. Taking advantage of the presence of FPR-rs3 on both vomeronasal dendrites and axonal fibers, we visualized the distribution of sensory cells expressing this member of the FPR family, and their corresponding axonal projections in the olfactory bulb. We found a rostrocaudal gradient of receptor choice frequency in the vomeronasal sensory neuroepithelium, and observed a convergence of FPR-rs3 axons into multiple, linked and deeply located glomeruli. These were homogenously innervated, and spatially restricted to the basal portion of the rostral accessory olfactory bulb. This organization, reminiscent of the one that characterizes axonal projections of V1R-expressing neurons, supports a role played by these receptors in the perception of semiochemicals. PMID:23664818

Dietschi, Quentin; Assens, Alexis; Challet, Ludivine; Carleton, Alan; Rodriguez, Ivan

2013-05-07

446

Complementary roles of the main and accessory olfactory systems in mammalian mate recognition.  

PubMed

We review studies conducted in mouse and ferret that have specified roles of both the main and the accessory olfactory nervous systems in the detection and processing of body odorants (e.g., urinary pheromones, extraorbital lacrimal gland secretions, major histocompatibility complex peptide ligands, and anal scent gland secretions) that play an essential role in sex discrimination and attraction between males and females leading to mate choice and successful reproduction. We also review literature that compares the forebrain processing of inputs from the two olfactory systems in the two sexes that underlies heterosexual partner preferences. Finally, we review experiments that raise the possibility that body odorants detected by the main olfactory system contribute to mate recognition in humans. PMID:18817511

Baum, Michael J; Kelliher, Kevin R

2009-01-01

447

Accessory cholera enterotoxin (Ace), the third toxin of a Vibrio cholerae virulence cassette.  

PubMed Central

Vibrio cholerae causes the potentially lethal disease cholera through the elaboration of the intestinal secretogen cholera toxin. A second toxin of V. cholerae, Zot, decreases intestinal tissue resistance by modifying intercellular tight junctions. In this report, a third toxin of V. cholerae, Ace (accessory cholera enterotoxin), is described. Ace increases short-circuit current in Ussing chambers and causes fluid secretion in ligated rabbit ileal loops. The predicted protein sequence of Ace shows striking similarity to eukaryotic ion-transporting ATPases, including the product of the cystic fibrosis gene. The gene encoding Ace is located immediately upstream of the genes encoding Zot and cholera toxin. The ctx, zot, and ace genes, which are located on a dynamic sector of the chromosome, comprise a V. cholerae "virulence cassette."

Trucksis, M; Galen, J E; Michalski, J; Fasano, A; Kaper, J B

1993-01-01

448

Male contributions to egg production: the role of accessory gland products and sperm in Drosophila melanogaster.  

PubMed Central

Drosophila melanogatser seminal fluid components, accessory gland proteins (Acps) and sperm, induce females to deposit high numbers of fertilized eggs for about 11 days. This high and sustained level of egg deposition requires that oogenesis be stimulated to provide the necessary mature oocytes. To investigate the relative timing and contributions of Acps and sperm in the egg-production process, we examined the rates of oogenic progression and egg deposition in females mated to genetically altered males that have seminal fluid deficient in Acps and/or sperm, and subjected these data to path analysis. We found that Acps and sperm are complementary stimuli necessary for inducing high rates of oogenic progression and rapid egg deposition. While egg deposition and oogenic progression can be induced by Acps alone, both Acps and sperm are required for maximum stimulation of oogenic progression and egg deposition immediately after mating.

Heifetz, Y; Tram, U; Wolfner, M F

2001-01-01

449

Melanocortin 4 Receptor Becomes an ACTH Receptor by Coexpression of Melanocortin Receptor Accessory Protein 2.  

PubMed

Melanocortin 2 receptor (MC2R) is the only canonical ACTH receptor. Its functional expression requires the presence of an accessory protein, known as melanocortin receptor 2 accessory protein 1 (MRAP1). The vertebrate genome exhibits a paralogue gene called MRAP2, which is duplicated in zebrafish (MRAP2a and MRAP2b), although its function remains unknown. In this paper, we demonstrate that MRAP2a enables MC4R, a canonical MSH receptor, to be activated by ACTH with a similar sensitivity to that exhibited by MC2R. Both proteins physically interact and are coexpressed in the neurons of the preoptic area, a key region in the control of the energy balance and hypophyseal secretion in fish. ACTH injections inhibit food intake in wild-type zebrafish but not in fish lacking functional MC4R. Both MRAP1 and MRAP2a are hormonally regulated, suggesting that these proteins are substrates for feed-back regulatory pathways of melanocortin signaling. Fasting has no effect on the central expression of MRAP2a but stimulates MRAP2b expression. This protein interacts and is colocalized with MC4R in the tuberal hypothalamic neurons but has no effect on the pharmacologic profile of MC4R. However, MRPA2b is able to decrease basal reporter activity in cell lines expressing MC4R. It is plausible that MRAP2b decreases the constitutive activity of the MC4R during fasting periods, driving the animal toward a positive energy balance. Our data indicate that MRAP2s control the activity of MC4R, opening up new pathways for the regulation of melanocortin signaling and, by extension, for the regulation of the energy balance and obesity. PMID:24085819

Josep Agulleiro, Maria; Cortés, Raúl; Fernández-Durán, Begoña; Navarro, Sandra; Guillot, Raúl; Meimaridou, Eirini; Clark, Adrian J L; Cerdá-Reverter, José Miguel

2013-10-01

450

An ex vivo preparation of the intact mouse vomeronasal organ and accessory olfactory bulb  

PubMed Central

The accessory olfactory system (AOS) in mammals detects and processes information from liquid-phase environmental odorants, including pheromones. The AOS carries out tasks such as individual recognition, learning, and decision-making with relatively few stages of neural processing; it thus represents an attractive system for investigating the neural circuits that carry out these functions. Progress in understanding the AOS has long been impeded by its relative inaccessibility to standard physiological approaches. In this report, we detail a novel dissection and tissue perfusion strategy that improves access to the accessory olfactory bulb (AOB) while maintaining afferent connections from sensory neurons in the vomeronasal organ (VNO). Mitral cells demonstrated spontaneous and evoked firing patterns consistent with recent in vivo reports. We assayed cell degradation in the AOB tissue using Fluoro-Jade C and found that the VNO and AOB glomerular, external plexiform, and mitral cell layers showed minimal signs of degeneration for up to 6 hours. Whereas histology indicated some degeneration in the deep inhibitory granule cell layer over time, electrophysiological assays demonstrated intact inhibitory function on mitral cells. Pharmacological blockade of GABAA receptors with 3 ?M SR95531 (gabazine) resulted in increased evoked mitral cell activity. Furthermore, mitral cells displayed suppression of responses to preferred urine stimuli when preferred and non-preferred stimuli were mixed, an effect thought to involve functional laterally-connected inhibition. These results demonstrate the utility of whole mount ex vivo preparations for studying sensory processing in the AOS, and suggest that similar strategies may improve experimental access to other difficult-to-study neural circuits.

Meeks, Julian P.; Holy, Timothy E.

2009-01-01

451

Effect of an overproduction of accessory Gvp proteins on gas vesicle formation in Haloferax volcanii.  

PubMed

Gas vesicle formation in haloarchaea requires the expression of the p-vac region consisting of 14 genes, gvpACNO and gvpDEFGHIJKLM. Expression of gvpFGHIJKLM leads to essential accessory proteins formed in minor amounts. An overexpression of gvpG, gvpH or gvpM in addition to p-vac inhibited gas vesicle formation, whereas large amounts of all other Gvp proteins did not disturb the synthesis. The unbalanced expression and in particular an aggregation of the overproduced Gvp with other accessory Gvp derived from p-vac could be a reason for the inhibition. Western analyses demonstrated that the hydrophobic GvpM (and GvpJ) indeed form multimers. Fluorescent dots of GvpM-GFP were seen in cells in vivo underlining an aggregation of GvpM. In search for proteins neutralizing the inhibitory effect in case of GvpM, p-vac +pGM(ex), +pHM(ex), +pJM(ex), and +pLM(ex) transformants were constructed. The inhibitory effect of GvpM on gas vesicle formation was suppressed by GvpH, GvpJ or GvpL, but not by GvpG. Western analyses demonstrated that pHM(ex) and pJM(ex) transformants contained additional larger protein bands when probed with an antiserum raised against GvpH or GvpJ, implying interactions. The balanced amount of GvpM-GvpH and GvpM-GvpJ appears to be important during gas vesicle genesis. PMID:23338749

Tavlaridou, Stella; Faist, Karin; Weitzel, Kerstin; Pfeifer, Felicitas

2013-01-22

452

Interleukin 1 production during accessory cell-dependent mitogenesis of T lymphocytes  

PubMed Central

We have studied the control and significance of IL-1 production in human leukocyte cultures during accessory cell-dependent, T lymphocyte mitogenesis using sensitive bioassays and immunolabeling techniques. In primary antigen-dependent systems like the MLR, IL-1 production was not detected in accessory cells (monocytes, dendritic cells) or T cells, suggesting that it is not an early product in these responses. However, monocytes could be induced to make IL-1 after interacting with sensitized antigen-specific T cells. Both alloreactive T cell clones or freshly prepared lymphoblasts induced IL-1 provided the monocytes carried the HLA-DR antigens to which the T cells were initially sensitized. Even in these circumstances, dendritic cells and B cells failed to make IL-1. The mechanism whereby activated T cells induce IL- 1 in monocytes was explored. Supernatants from cocultures of monocytes and T cells or several recombinant cytokines induced little or no IL-1. A more potent antigen independent pathway of IL-1 induction was identified. IL-1 could be induced in third-party HLA-DR nonspecific monocytes in cocultures of alloreactive T cell clones or blasts and HLA- DR-specific dendritic cells. The induction was factor independent since dendritic cells and T blasts placed in a chamber separate from third- party monocytes by a semipermeable membrane did not induce monocyte IL- 1. These results suggest that a cell contact mechanism rather than an IL-1-inducing factor leads to IL-1 production. The role of IL-1 in T cell proliferation was tested with a polyclonal anti-IL-1 antibody. The antibody failed to block the proliferation of primary T cells, or alloreactive T cell clones and blasts stimulated with HLA-specific monocytes or dendritic cells, even though IL-1 in the medium was neutralized.

1989-01-01

453

Juvenile hormone regulation of male accessory gland activity in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum  

PubMed Central

Male accessory gland proteins (Acps) act as key modulators of reproductive success in insects by influencing the female reproductive physiology and behavior. We used custom microarrays and identified 112 genes that were highly expressed in male accessory glands (MAG) in the red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Out of these 112 identified genes, 59 of them contained sequences coding for signal peptide and cleavage site and the remaining 53 contained transmembrane domains. The expression of 14 these genes in the MAG but not in other tissues of male or female was confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. In virgin males, juvenile hormone (JH) levels increased from second day post adult emergence (PAE), remained high on third day PAE and declined on fourth day PAE. The ecdysteroid titers were high soon after adult emergence but declined to minimal levels from 1-5 days PAE. Feeding of juvenile hormone analog, hydroprene, but not the ecdysteroid analog, RH-2485, showed an increase in size of MAGs, as well as an increase in total RNA and protein content of MAG. Hydroprene treatment also increased the expression Acp genes in the MAG. RNAi-mediated knock-down in the expression of JHAMT gene decreased the size of MAGs and expression of Acps. JH deficiency influenced male reproductive fitness as evidenced by a less vigor in mating behavior, poor sperm transfer, low egg and the progeny production by females mated with the JH deficient males. These data suggest a critical role for JH in the regulation of male reproduction especially through MAG secretions.

Parthasarathy, R.; Tan, A.; Sun, Z.; Chen, J.; Rainkin, M.; Palli, S. R.

2009-01-01

454

Intervention of D-glucose ameliorates the toxicity of streptozotocin in accessory sex organs of rat  

SciTech Connect

Streptozotocin (STZ) is a naturally occurring compound isolated from Streptomyces achromogens. It is used extensively for inducing diabetes in experimental animals. Diabetes mellitus is known to have proven adverse effects on male sexual organs and their reproductive functions. The atrophy of prostate gland and other organs of the genitourinary tract were observed in experimental diabetic animals. STZ exhibits a structural resemblance to D-glucose due to the presence of sugar moiety in its structure. Pancreatic {beta}-cells mainly contain GLUT1 and GLUT2 glucose transporters. Possibly due to structural resemblance, STZ and D-glucose, share a common recognition site for entry into the {beta}-cells. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effect of D-glucose on STZ-induced toxicity in accessory sex organs of male rats. Animals were kept on overnight fasting. One group received vehicle and served as negative control, while all other groups were given STZ (45 mg/kg). Animals that received only STZ served as positive control. The effect of D-glucose was studied on STZ treated animals with different dosage of D-glucose (250, 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg). Restoration of body weight, plasma glucose and plasma insulin was evident only at 1000 and 2000 mg/kg of D-glucose. The protective effect of D-glucose is evident only when it is administered simultaneously with STZ. In the present investigation, we report that simultaneous administration of D-glucose along with STZ ameliorates STZ-induced toxicity. This is evident from the restoration of accessory sex organ's weight, cellular morphology as well as insulin level.

Vikram, A.; Tripathi, D.N.; Ramarao, P. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Punjab-160062 (India); Jena, G.B. [Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, Sector-67, S.A.S. Nagar, Punjab-160062 (India)], E-mail: gbjena@gmail.com

2008-01-01

455

SARS Coronavirus 3b Accessory Protein Modulates Transcriptional Activity of RUNX1b  

PubMed Central

Background The causative agent of severe acute respiratory syndrome, SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) genome encodes several unique group specific accessory proteins with unknown functions. Among them, accessory protein 3b (also known as ORF4) was lately identified as one of the viral interferon antagonist. Recently our lab uncovered a new role for 3b in upregulation of AP-1 transcriptional activity and its downstream genes. Thus, we believe that 3b might play an important role in SARS-CoV pathogenesis and therefore is of considerable interest. The current study aims at identifying novel host cellular interactors of the 3b protein. Methodology/Principal Findings In this study, using yeast two-hybrid and co-immunoprecipitation techniques, we have identified a host transcription factor RUNX1b (Runt related transcription factor, isoform b) as a novel interacting partner for SARS-CoV 3b protein. Chromatin immunoprecipitaion (ChIP) and reporter gene assays in 3b expressing jurkat cells showed recruitment of 3b on the RUNX1 binding element that led to an increase in RUNX1b transactivation potential on the IL2 promoter. Kinase assay and pharmacological inhibitor treatment implied that 3b also affect RUNX1b transcriptional activity by regulating its ERK dependent phosphorylation levels. Additionally, mRNA levels of MIP-1?, a RUNX1b target gene upregulated in SARS-CoV infected monocyte-derived dendritic cells, were found to be elevated in 3b expressing U937 monocyte cells. Conclusions/Significance These results unveil a novel interaction of SARS-CoV 3b with the host factor, RUNX1b, and speculate its physiological relevance in upregulating cytokines and chemokine levels in state of SARS virus infection.

Varshney, Bhavna; Agnihotram, Sudhakar; Tan, Yee-Joo; Baric, Ralph; Lal, Sunil K.

2012-01-01

456

The quantitative effect of an accessory ostium on ventilation of the maxillary sinus.  

PubMed

The airflow and gas exchange behaviors of the human maxillary sinus were quantified to better understand the effect of an accessory ostium (AO). An anatomically correct numerical domain was constructed using CT data from a male patient with mild nasal obstruction. For the purpose of comparison, a numerical model without an AO was also generated by artificially removing the AO from the original model using CAD software. A steady-flow field through the nasal cavity was simulated using ANSYS-FLUENT v13.0 with a target flow rate of 250 ml/s. The Volume of Fluid (VOF) method was used to investigate the concentration field of nitric oxide (NO) initially filled in the maxillary sinus. The simulation results showed that a transit flow through the maxillary sinus developed in the presence of an AO. As the flow entered the sinus through either a natural or accessory ostium from the middle meatus, the velocity was significantly reduced to a local maximum of approximately 0.034 m/s inside the sinus. This by-pass flow rate through the sinus of 2.186×10(-1) to 3.591×10(-1) ml/s was a small fraction of the total flow rate inhaled from the nostril, but it effectively changed the local flow topology and led to a larger reduction in NO concentration in the maxillary sinus. This more rapid reduction in NO concentration was due to enhanced ventilation activity afforded by convective transport of the transit stream through the flow path connecting the natural ostium and the AO. The inspiration and expiration phases were qualitatively similar in flow pattern except for the flow direction in the maxillary sinus, suggesting that the AO plays a similar physiological role during both inspiration and expiration in terms of ventilation. PMID:22326723

Na, Yang; Kim, Kyunghun; Kim, Sung Kyun; Chung, Seung-Kyu

2012-02-03

457

Cloning, Expression, and Functional Characterization of the Equine Herpesvirus 1 DNA Polymerase and Its Accessory Subunit  

PubMed Central

We report the expression and characterization of the putative catalytic subunit (pORF30) and accessory protein (pORF18) of equine herpesvirus 1 DNA polymerase, which are encoded by open reading frames 30 and 18 and are homologous to herpes simplex virus type 1 UL30 and UL42, respectively. In vitro transcription-translation of open reading frames 30 and 18 generated proteins of 136 and 45 kDa, respectively. In vitro-expressed pORF30 possessed basal DNA polymerase activity that was stimulated by pORF18, as measured by DNA polymerase assays in vitro. Purified baculovirus-expressed pORF30 exhibited DNA polymerase activity similar to that of the in vitro-expressed protein, and baculovirus-expressed pORF18 could stimulate both nucleotide incorporation and long-chain DNA synthesis by pORF30 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The salt optima for activity of both pORF30 and the holoenzyme were substantially different from those for other herpesvirus DNA polymerases. As demonstrated by yeast two-hybrid assays, pORF30 and pORF18 could physically interact, most likely with a 1:1 stoichiometry. Finally, by mutational analysis of the 1,220-residue pORF30, we demonstrated that the extreme C terminus of pORF30 is important for physical and functional interaction with the accessory protein, as reported for UL30 and other herpesvirus DNA polymerases. In addition, a C-proximal region of pORF30, corresponding to residues 1114 to 1172, is involved in binding to, and stimulation by, pORF18. Taken together, the results indicate that pORF30 and pORF18 are the equine herpesvirus 1 counterparts of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL30 and UL42 and share many, but not all, of their characteristics.

Loregian, Arianna; Case, Alessandro; Cancellotti, Enrico; Valente, Carlo; Marsden, Howard S.; Palu, Giorgio

2006-01-01

458

BET Measurements: Outgassing of Minerals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outgassing minerals at elevated temperatures prior to BET measurements can lead to phase changes, especially in the case of amorphous and poorly crystalline materials. In order to evaluate the applicability of the BET method when low outgassing temperatures are required, selected aquifer minerals were outgassed at different temperatures and for different times. The studied minerals are 2-line ferrihydrite, goethite, lepidocrocite,

Liselotte Clausen; Ida Fabricius

2000-01-01

459

Efflorescent minerals associated with coal  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of efforescent coal minerals was made which included the identification, description, and mode of occurrence of coal associated mineral efflorescenses found in the bituminous coal mining area surrounding Morgantown, West Virginia. Samples of efflorescences were collected from road cuts, strip mines, entrances to underground mines, and mine discharge pumps and were analyzed for mineral and chemical composition by

Nuhfer

1967-01-01

460

Common Rock-Forming Minerals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of images of the common rock-forming minerals. Along with the image, the physical and chemical properties of each mineral are listed. These include: metallic or nonmetallic luster, light or dark color, chemical formula, mineral group, cleavage, general color, hardness, and other characteristics.

Weiland, Tom

461

Trace Minerals in Cottage Cheese  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trace minerals, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese were determined in cot- tage cheese curd by flameless atomic absorption. Larger curd size, added calci- um chloride, and fewer washes increased the iron and zinc content in the curd. We recently reported on the major mineral constituents of cottage cheese and the manu- facturing variables that affect the retention of minerals

N. P. Wong; D. E. LaCroix; J. H. Vestal

1977-01-01

462

Mineral Abundance Near Aristarchus Crater  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mineral Abundance Near Aristarchus Crater Alison Bradford and Alex Storrs Towson University We analyze Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images to determine the abundance of minerals near Aristarchus crater. Following the calibration of Robinson et al. (2007) we present ratio maps of images obtained in August of 2005 showing the abundance of TiO2 and other minerals in this interesting area in

Alison Bradford; A. Storrs

2007-01-01

463

Mineral Transformations by Mycorrhizal Fungi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review addresses the significance and the mechanisms of mineral weathering by mycorrhizal fungi, and the role of this process in plant nutrition and protection from metal toxicity. The fact that mycorrhizal mycelia may actively release nutrients from mineral particles through weathering is raising an increasing interest and the uptake of mineral-derived nutrients by the host plants has been reported.

Elena Martino; Silvia Perotto

2010-01-01

464

Minerals yearbook, 1991. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Mineral Yearbook discusses the performance of the worlwide minerals and materials industry during 1991 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Volume 1, Metals and Mineral, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on advanced materials and nonrenewable organic materials also were added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989 and 1990 volumes, respectively. A new chapter on nonferrous metals recycling has been initiated in this 1991 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

NONE

1991-12-31

465

Minerals yearbook, 1992. Volume 1. Metals and minerals. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

This edition of the Minerals Yearbook discusses the performance of the worldwide mineral and materials industry during 1992 and provides background information to assist in interpreting that performance. Content of the individual Yearbook volumes follows: Volume I, Metals and Minerals, contains chapters on virtually all metallic and industrial mineral commodities important to the U.S. economy. Chapters on advanced materials, nonrenewable organic materials, and nonferrous metals recycling also were added to the Minerals Yearbook series beginning with the 1989, 1990, and 1991 volumes, respectively. A new chapter on materials recycling has been initiated in this 1992 volume. In addition, a chapter on survey methods used in data collection with a statistical summary of nonfuel minerals and a chapter on trends in mining and quarrying in the metals and industrial mineral industries are included.

Not Available

1992-01-01

466

43 CFR 3816.1 - Mineral locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Mineral locations. 3816.1 Section 3816.1...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LANDS AND MINERALS SUBJECT TO LOCATION Mineral Locations...

2012-10-01

467

43 CFR 3815.1 - Mineral locations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Mineral locations. 3815.1 Section 3815.1...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LANDS AND MINERALS SUBJECT TO LOCATION Mineral Locations...

2012-10-01

468

Vitamins and Minerals in Kidney Disease  

MedlinePLUS

... Disease A to Z Health Guide Vitamins and Minerals in Kidney Disease Vitamins and minerals are important ... the form of supplements. What are vitamins and minerals? Vitamins and minerals are substances needed by your ...

469

Magnetic birefringence of minerals.  

PubMed

The earliest reports of magnetically induced optical birefringence included data for liquids, magnetic fluids and colloidal suspensions. Recent work has shown that with relatively straightforward apparatus, when carefully designed and aligned, measurable effects can be recorded even for suspensions of relatively weak diamagnetic materials, including mineral particles. By recording the magnitude of the birefringence induced in magnetic fields of up to two Tesla, a method for the analysis of the magnetic and optical characteristics of these diamagnetic colloids is evidenced. The principles, apparatus and methodology involved are described and novel data reported for the minerals attapulgite, bentonite, hectorite, kaolinite, montmorillonite and vermiculite. Preliminary experiments using pulsed fields on vermiculite sols show that, in favourable circumstances, estimates of particle size can be made by analysing signal response rates. PMID:15571692

Jennings, Barry R; Wilson, Stephen R; Ridler, Peter J

2005-01-15

470

Mineral accretion in seawater  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By performing electrolysis in seawater a concrete-like accretion of precipitating aragonite (one crystalline form of CaCO3) and brucite (Mg(OH) 2) slowly develops onto the cathode. The accretion forms by high pH conditions caused by the reduction reactions occurring at the cathode. A solid casing of accretions over a preformed cathodic mesh has the potential for many engineering applications such as artificial reefs, sub-surface breakwaters and pipe construction. To investigate using mineral accretion as an alternative means of construction, experiments in the open coast, laboratory and ocean harbor have resulted in tables that can projected into a feasibility study. Inevitable current density variations over the cathodic framework and sensitivity to seawater hydrodynamics make accretion thickness difficult to predict and control in practice. Ideal conditions for growing a large-scale mineral accretion structure are still, clean ocean waters where low DCV power can be delivered on the order of years.

Bozak, Ronald Richard

2000-10-01

471

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

A review of literature published in 2008 and early 2009 on research related to the production of acid mine drainage and/or in the dissolution of minerals as a result of mining, with special emphasis on the effects of these phenomena on the water quality in the surrounding environment, is presented. This review is divided into six sections: 1) Site Characterization and Assessment, 2) Protection, Prevention, and Restoration, 3) Toxicity Assessment, 4) Environmental Fate and Transport, 5) Biological Characterization, and 6) Treatment Technologies. Because there is much overlap in research areas associated with minerals and mine drainage, many papers presented in this review can be classified into more than one category, and the six sections should not be regarded as being mutually-exclusive, nor should they be thought of as being all-inclusive.

Liang, H.C.; Thomson, B.M. [Tetra Technical Inc, Denver, CO (United States)

2009-09-15

472

Minerals and mine drainage  

SciTech Connect

This paper is part of the Annual Literature Review issue of Water Environment Research. The review attempts to provide a concise summary of important water-related environmental science and engineering literature of the past year, of which 40 separate topics are discussed. On the topic of minerals and mine drainage, the present paper deals with the following aspects: environmental impacts; environmental regulations; characterization; prevention; treatment; and reclamation. 34 refs.

Thomson, B.M. (Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)); Turney, W.R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States))

1994-06-01

473

Exploring Bone Mineral Density  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will explore two given websites to gather information on Bone Mineral Density and how it is measured. They will also learn about X-rays in general, how they work and their different uses, along with other imaging modalities. They will answer guiding questions as they explore the websites and take a short quiz after to test the knowledge they gained while reading the articles.

Vu Bioengineering Ret Program

474

Microbially mediated mineral carbonation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mineral carbonation involves silicate dissolution and carbonate precipitation, which are both natural processes that microorganisms are able to mediate in near surface environments (Ferris et al., 1994; Eq. 1). (Ca,Mg)SiO3 + 2H2CO3 + H2O --> (Ca,Mg)CO3 + H2O + H4SiO4 + O2 (1) Cyanobacteria are photoautotrophs with cell surface characteristics and metabolic processes involving inorganic carbon that can induce carbonate

I. M. Power; S. A. Wilson; G. M. Dipple; G. Southam

2010-01-01

475

The Clay Minerals Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The Clay Minerals Society (CMS) is an international community of scientists who promote research in and disseminate information on clay science and technology." The website provides downloads of materials dealing with various aspects of mineralogy, geochemistry, and petrology. Researchers can find out about annual meetings, awards and grants, and publications. Students and educators can find information on teaching materials, clay science workshops, and games. The website offers physical and chemical data for Source and Special Clays.

476

FEDERAL MINERAL LAND INFORMATION SYSTEM.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The ability of geographic information systems to combine point, line, and areal data has been widely documented, although the establishment of a particular data base presents its own unique problems. The U. S. Geological Survey is developing a geographic information system consisting of information on Federal surface ownership, Federal subsurface mineral rights, location of actual mineral occurrences and (or) known potential, and formal restrictions to mineral development. By utilizing information already compiled or soon to be collected by other agencies, the Federal Mineral Land Information System should be able to provide answers relating to mineral availability on public lands.

Kleckner, Richard, L.

1984-01-01

477

Physical, chemical, and mineral properties of the Polonnaruwa stones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the physical, chemical and mineral properties of a series of stone fragments recovered from the North Central Province of Sri Lanka following a witnessed fireball event on 29 December 2012. The stones exhibit highly porous poikilitic textures comprising of isotropic silica-rich/plagioclase-like hosts. Inclusions range in size and shape from mm-sized to smaller subangular grains frequently more fractured than the surrounding host and include ilmenite, olivine (fayalitic), quartz and accessory zircon. Bulk mineral compositions include accessory cristobalite, hercynite, anorthite, wuestite, albite, anorthoclase and the high pressure olivine polymorph wadsleyite, suggesting previous endurance of a shock pressure of ~20 GPa. Further evidence of shock is confirmed by the conversion of all plagioclase to maskelynite. Here the infrared absorption spectra in the region 580 cm-1 to 380 cm-1 due to the Si-O-Si or Si-O-Al absorption band shows a partial shift in the peak at 380 cm-1 towards 480 cm-1 indicating an intermediate position between crystalline and amorphous phase. Host matrix chemical compositions vary between samples, but all are rich in SiO2. Silica-rich melts display a heterogeneous K-enrichment comparable to that reported in a range of non-terrestrial material from rare iron meteorites to LL chondritic breccias and Lunar granites. Bulk chemical compositions of plagioclase-like samples are comparable to reported data e.g. Miller Ranger 05035 (Lunar), while Si-rich samples accord well with mafic and felsic glasses reported in NWA 1664 (Howardite) as well as data for fusion crust present in a variety of meteoritic samples. Triple oxygen isotope results show ?17O = -0.335 with ?18O (‰ rel. SMOW) values of 17.816 +/- 0.100 and compare well with those of known CI chondrites and are within the range of CI-like (Meta-C) chondrites. Rare earth elemental abundances show a profound Europium anomaly of between 0.7 and 0.9 ppm while CI normalized REE patterns accord well with those of high potassium and high aluminium glasses found in lunar and 4 Vesta samples. Twoelement discrimination maps of FeO vs SiO2, FeO vs TiO2, FeO vs Al2O3 and FeO vs Na2O similarly match those of impact glasses present in lunar samples and remain within relatively close proximity of the KREEP component. Iridium levels of between 1-7ppm, approximately 104 times that of terrestrial crustal rocks, were detected in all samples.

Wallis, Jamie; Wickramasinghe, N. C.; Wallis, Daryl H.; Miyake, Nori; Wallis, M. K.; Hoover, Richard B.; Samaranayake, Anil; Wickramarathne, Keerthi; Oldroyd, Anthony

2013-09-01

478

A simple method of identifying the spinal accessory nerve in modified radical neck dissection: anatomic study and clinical implications for resident training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The major complication of neck dissection and surgery at the posterior triangle of the neck is the shoulder syndrome, which\\u000a results from spinal accessory nerve injury. Erb’s point (the great auricular nerve) and the point where the spinal accessory\\u000a nerve enters the trapezius muscle are used to identify the spinal accessory nerve in the posterior nerve triangle.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  Measurements

Attilio Carlo Salgarelli; Barbara Landini; Pierantonio Bellini; Alessandra Multinu; Ugo Consolo; Marco Collini

2009-01-01

479

Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective  

SciTech Connect

The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

1985-12-01

480

Minerals Yearbook: Minerals in the world economy. 1988 International review  

SciTech Connect

In overview, 1988 appeared to be the best year for the world's mineral industry since 1980, although the all-important petroleum component suffered severely from low prices. With this notable exception, the traditional statistical measures of mineral industry performance, namely production, trade, and consumption, reflected growth in most elements of the world mineral industry from crude material extraction through the gamut of downstream processing. Moreover, the growth was reasonably well distributed geographically, with many countries sharing in the substantial upturn in activity. The report discusses production, trade, consumption, investment, transportation, prices, and statistical summary of world production and trade of major mineral commodities.

Kimbell, C.L.; Zajac, W.L.

1988-01-01