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Sample records for 1 zsb stuttgart

  1. Expression of Zinc Transporter Genes in Rice as Influenced by Zinc-Solubilizing Enterobacter cloacae Strain ZSB14

    PubMed Central

    Krithika, Selvaraj; Balachandar, Dananjeyan

    2016-01-01

    Zinc (Zn) deficiency in major food crops has been considered as an important factor affecting the crop production and subsequently the human health. Rice (Oryza sativa) is sensitive to Zn deficiency and thereby causes malnutrition to most of the rice-eating Asian populations. Application of zinc solubilizing bacteria (ZSB) could be a sustainable agronomic approach to increase the soil available Zn which can mitigate the yield loss and consequently the nutritional quality of rice. Understanding the molecular interactions between rice and unexplored ZSB is useful for overcoming Zn deficiency problems. In the present study, the role of zinc solubilizing bacterial strain Enterobacter cloacae strain ZSB14 on regulation of Zn-regulated transporters and iron (Fe)-regulated transporter-like protein (ZIP) genes in rice under iron sufficient and deficient conditions was assessed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The expression patterns of OsZIP1, OsZIP4, and OsZIP5 in root and shoot of rice were altered due to the Zn availability as dictated by Zn sources and ZSB inoculation. Fe sufficiency significantly reduced the root and shoot OsZIP1 expression, but not the OsZIP4 and OsZIP5 levels. Zinc oxide in the growth medium up-regulated all the assessed ZIP genes in root and shoot of rice seedlings. When ZSB was inoculated to rice seedlings grown with insoluble zinc oxide in the growth medium, the expression of root and shoot OsZIP1, OsZIP4, and OsZIP5 was reduced. In the absence of zinc oxide, ZSB inoculation up-regulated OsZIP1 and OsZIP5 expressions. Zinc nutrition provided to the rice seedling through ZSB-bound zinc oxide solubilization was comparable to the soluble zinc sulfate application which was evident through the ZIP genes’ expression and the Zn accumulation in root and shoot of rice seedlings. These results demonstrate that ZSB could play a crucial role in zinc fertilization and fortification of rice. PMID:27092162

  2. Expression of Zinc Transporter Genes in Rice as Influenced by Zinc-Solubilizing Enterobacter cloacae Strain ZSB14.

    PubMed

    Krithika, Selvaraj; Balachandar, Dananjeyan

    2016-01-01

    Zinc (Zn) deficiency in major food crops has been considered as an important factor affecting the crop production and subsequently the human health. Rice (Oryza sativa) is sensitive to Zn deficiency and thereby causes malnutrition to most of the rice-eating Asian populations. Application of zinc solubilizing bacteria (ZSB) could be a sustainable agronomic approach to increase the soil available Zn which can mitigate the yield loss and consequently the nutritional quality of rice. Understanding the molecular interactions between rice and unexplored ZSB is useful for overcoming Zn deficiency problems. In the present study, the role of zinc solubilizing bacterial strain Enterobacter cloacae strain ZSB14 on regulation of Zn-regulated transporters and iron (Fe)-regulated transporter-like protein (ZIP) genes in rice under iron sufficient and deficient conditions was assessed by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR. The expression patterns of OsZIP1, OsZIP4, and OsZIP5 in root and shoot of rice were altered due to the Zn availability as dictated by Zn sources and ZSB inoculation. Fe sufficiency significantly reduced the root and shoot OsZIP1 expression, but not the OsZIP4 and OsZIP5 levels. Zinc oxide in the growth medium up-regulated all the assessed ZIP genes in root and shoot of rice seedlings. When ZSB was inoculated to rice seedlings grown with insoluble zinc oxide in the growth medium, the expression of root and shoot OsZIP1, OsZIP4, and OsZIP5 was reduced. In the absence of zinc oxide, ZSB inoculation up-regulated OsZIP1 and OsZIP5 expressions. Zinc nutrition provided to the rice seedling through ZSB-bound zinc oxide solubilization was comparable to the soluble zinc sulfate application which was evident through the ZIP genes' expression and the Zn accumulation in root and shoot of rice seedlings. These results demonstrate that ZSB could play a crucial role in zinc fertilization and fortification of rice. PMID:27092162

  3. The Stuttgart Reform Concept.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bienert, F.

    1987-01-01

    Reviews curriculum reform being implemented at the Library School of Stuttgart for students planning to work in public libraries. Components of the new curriculum include core courses in library science, electives in special areas of librarianship, seminars in chosen subject disciplines, and field work in libraries and government agencies. (LRW)

  4. A groundwater management plan for Stuttgart.

    PubMed

    Vasin, Sandra; Carle, Achim; Lang, Ulrich; Kirchholtes, Hermann Josef

    2016-09-01

    In general, groundwater in urban areas is exposed to anthropogenic influence and suffers from concentrations of contaminants. Stuttgart, as a highly industrialized city, has more than 5000 contaminated sites which might influence the Stuttgart's mineral water quality. Despite tremendous efforts and intensive single site orientated remediation since 1984 in downtown, the mineral springs were still affected with chlorinated hydrocarbons at low concentrations. Therefore, the applied practices of environmental management and measures for mitigation of pollution sources were not sufficient and had to be adjusted. The main goal of this study is to define an integral remediation plan (a groundwater management plan), focusing on the key sources of chlorinated solvents which are relevant for the mineral springs. For the large-scale investigated area of 26.6km(2) and eight aquifers, an extensive investigation and characterization methods were used in order to delineate the contamination plumes. By means of a 3D numerical model, the prioritization of the contaminated sites could be performed. Five contaminated sites with high remediation priority and need for optimized or additional remediation efforts were determined. For those five contaminated sites feasibility studies were performed which resulted in recommendation of remediation measures with total costs of more than 12.5 million euros. The proposed strategy and approach are suitable for multiple sources of contamination. Only in this way, the contributions of single contaminated sites to the total groundwater contamination can be identified and local remediation measures with their spatial impact simulated. Due to very complex geological conditions, technically there is no alternative to this strategy in order to achieve the contamination reduction in groundwater.

  5. Making Space Cool - Successful Outreach at Yuri's Night Stuttgart

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, Christine; Bretschneider, Jens; Nathanson, Emil; Grossmann, Agnes

    Yuri’s Night - also known as the “World Space Party” - is the annual celebration commemorating Gagarin’s historic flight on April 12, 1961, and the maiden voyage of the American space shuttle on April 12, 1981. It was created by young space enthusiasts in 2000 at the annual Space Generation Congress and was first celebrated in 2001, registering more than 60 events around the world from the start. Since then the interest in celebrating human spaceflight grew constantly to over 350 events across all seven continents in 2013. The honoring of Yuri Gagarin’s first spaceflight in Stuttgart started in 2007 and resulted in one of the largest events outside the US, with five parties following in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012 and 2013. The Stuttgart event was originally organized as space party for an audience at the age of 20 and beyond including informative aspects at the afternoon and a following party far into the night. Since 2010 the focus of the Yuri’s Night Stuttgart is to bring awareness of space exploration to people of all ages, including particularly many participatory hands-on space activities for kids and families that attract hundreds of visitors every year. As much as Yuri’s Night is a worldwide party, the events in Stuttgart successfully concentrate on educational aspects that help to inspire new generations of space enthusiasts who will ultimately shape the future of space exploration. It is therefore not only a look back to one of the greatest achievements of the 20th Century, but it is also a look into the future: from multinational cooperation on the International Space Station to benefit of space flight to the introduction of the next generation of space technology. This paper will introduce the celebrations of Yuri’s Night in Stuttgart of the past four years and compare them to the early events. It provides a summary of the development of the Yuri’s Night including educational aspects, public relations and media attraction and gives

  6. Stuttgart Interconnection Network Project from PIX to NICS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The PIX follow-up project NICS is described. The purpose of PIX was access to X.25, the DATEX-P network of the Federal German Post Office. The development and implementation of higher protocols for levels 4-7 in the ISOSINN was the actual problem here. Results of the PIX project are given. NICS (Stuttgart Interconnection Network Project) is presented. International Protocols are reviewed. PAD service is described, which allows terminal access to DATEX-P network of the Federal German Post Office.

  7. The University of Stuttgart IKE/University of Arizona student research program

    SciTech Connect

    Seale, R.L. )

    1988-01-01

    The University of Stuttgart's Institut fuer Kernenergetik und Energiesysteme (IKE) and the University of Arizona have had a joint program in which graduate students from the IKE spend 1 yr on the University of Arizona campus. This program started in 1982 largely as the result of an initiative begun by K.H. Hoecker, then director of IKE. Since 1985, Alfred Voss has been director and the program has continued without interruption. Under the program, the Deutscher Akademisher Austauschdienst, a government agency of the Federal Republic of Germany has funded scholarships for students from IKE, which provide support for 1 yr during which they attend the University of Arizona as visiting student scholars and engage in a research project under the direction of one of our faculty, which satisfies a part of the requirements for the Ingenieur-Diplom Fachrichtung Maschinenbau. The students get credit for their research from the University of Stuttgart. The topics have a broad range and include software development, artificial intelligence, radiation transport, and energy management studies.

  8. Photoactivation of 176mLu via Bremsstrahlung at the Stuttgart DYNAMITRON

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goddard, Brian; Henry, Tom; Balint, Trevor; Pitz, Heinz-Hermann; Stedile, Frank; Kneissl, Ulrich; Gaison, Jeremy; Winick, Tristan; Carroll, James

    2014-09-01

    Though unstable, the ground state of 176Lu has a very long half-life of approximately 37 billion years and primarily β- decays (>99.9%) to 176Hf. However, 176Lu possesses an isomer (Jπ = 7-) 123 keV above the ground state (Jπ = 1-) that also β- decays to 176Hf but with a much shorter half-life of about 3.6 hours. The study of this isomer could lead to new findings regarding astrophysical nucleosynthesis. A disparity between the predicted abundance of 176Lu due to nucleosynthesis and the actual measured abundance implies that transitions from the isomer to the ground state via intermediate states must have taken place during the s-process. Since the rates at which these transitions occur are temperature dependent, 176Lu could be used as an s-process ``thermometer.'' A photoactivation experiment was performed on 176Lu at the Stuttgart DYNAMITRON using bremsstrahlung with varying endpoints between 0.7 and 2.2 MeV to determine the intermediate state energies and integral cross sections for the transitions that lead to the isomer. We present the results of the analysis of the data as well as preliminary values for the intermediate state energies and their cross sections.

  9. Walkability is Only Part of the Story: Walking for Transportation in Stuttgart, Germany

    PubMed Central

    Reyer, Maren; Fina, Stefan; Siedentop, Stefan; Schlicht, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    In modern Western societies people often lead inactive and sedentary lifestyles, even though there is no doubt that physical activity and health are related. From an urban planning point of view it would be highly desirable to develop built environments in a way that supports people in leading more active and healthy lifestyles. Within this context there are several methods, predominantly used in the US, to measure the suitability of built environments for walking and cycling. Empirical studies show that people living in highly walkable areas are more physically active (for example, walk more or cycle more). The question is, however, whether these results are also valid for European cities given their different urban planning characteristics and infrastructure standards. To answer this question we used the Walkability-Index and the Walk Score to empirically investigate the associations between walkability and active transportation in the city of Stuttgart, Germany. In a sample of household survey data (n = 1.871) we found a noticeable relationship between walkability and active transportation—the more walkable an area was, the more active residents were. Although the statistical effect is small, the health impact might be of relevance. Being physically active is multi-determined and not only affected by the walkability of an area. We highlight these points with an excursion into research that the health and exercise sciences contribute to the topic. We propose to strengthen interdisciplinary research between the disciplines and to specifically collect data that captures the influence of the environment on physical activity in the future. PMID:24886755

  10. Comparison of different methods for the assessment of the urban heat island in Stuttgart, Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ketterer, Christine; Matzarakis, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    This study of the urban heat island (UHI) aims to support planning authorities by going beyond the traditional way of urban heat island studies. Therefore, air temperature as well as the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) were applied to take into account the effect of the thermal atmosphere on city dwellers. The analysis of the urban heat island phenomenon of Stuttgart, Germany, includes a long-term frequency analysis using data of four urban and one rural meteorological stations. A (high resolution map) of the UHI intensity and PET was created using stepwise multiple linear regression based on data of car traverses as well as spatial data. The mapped conditions were classified according to the long-term frequency analysis. Regarding climate change, the need for adaptation measures as urban greening is obvious. Therefore, a spatial analysis of quantification of two scenarios of a chosen study area was done by the application of a micro-scale model. The nocturnal UHI of Stuttgart is during 15 % stronger than 4 K in the city center during summer when daytime heat stress occurs during 40 %. A typical summer condition is mapped using statistical approach to point out the most strained areas in Stuttgart center and west. According to the model results, the increase in number of trees in a chosen area (Olga hospital) can decrease PET by 0.5 K at 22:00 CET but by maximum 27 K at 14:00 CET.

  11. Comparison of different methods for the assessment of the urban heat island in Stuttgart, Germany.

    PubMed

    Ketterer, Christine; Matzarakis, Andreas

    2015-09-01

    This study of the urban heat island (UHI) aims to support planning authorities by going beyond the traditional way of urban heat island studies. Therefore, air temperature as well as the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) were applied to take into account the effect of the thermal atmosphere on city dwellers. The analysis of the urban heat island phenomenon of Stuttgart, Germany, includes a long-term frequency analysis using data of four urban and one rural meteorological stations. A (high resolution map) of the UHI intensity and PET was created using stepwise multiple linear regression based on data of car traverses as well as spatial data. The mapped conditions were classified according to the long-term frequency analysis. Regarding climate change, the need for adaptation measures as urban greening is obvious. Therefore, a spatial analysis of quantification of two scenarios of a chosen study area was done by the application of a micro-scale model. The nocturnal UHI of Stuttgart is during 15 % stronger than 4 K in the city center during summer when daytime heat stress occurs during 40 %. A typical summer condition is mapped using statistical approach to point out the most strained areas in Stuttgart center and west. According to the model results, the increase in number of trees in a chosen area (Olga hospital) can decrease PET by 0.5 K at 22:00 CET but by maximum 27 K at 14:00 CET.

  12. The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faas, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

  13. Change analysis at Stuttgart airport using TerraSAR-X imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boldt, Markus; Thiele, Antje; Cadario, Erich; Schulz, Karsten; Hinz, Stefan

    2014-10-01

    categorization statement. In all steps, Object-Based Image Analysis (OBIA) methods are utilized. As test area, the airport of Stuttgart (GER) and its surroundings containing heterogeneous change categories is considered. At current state, one time series consisting of 11 HS300 amplitude images acquired in ascending (ASC) orbit direction is available. For the evaluation of results, several reference data are useable comprising optical satellite, terrestrial information and GIS vector data.

  14. The new photoactivation facility at the 4.3 MV Stuttgart DYNAMITRON: setup, performance, and first applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belic, D.; Besserer, J.; Arlandini, C.; de Boer, J.; Carroll, J. J.; Enders, J.; Hartmann, T.; Käppeler, F.; Kaiser, H.; Kneissl, U.; Loewe, M.; Maser, H.; Mohr, P.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; Nord, A.; Pitz, H. H.; Richter, A.; Schumann, M.; Volz, S.; Zilges, A.

    2001-05-01

    At the Stuttgart 4.3 MV D YNAMITRON accelerator a new bremsstrahlung irradiation facility was installed for photoactivation experiments to complement the well-established arrangement for systematic photon-scattering studies taking advantage of the high photon fluxes achievable at this high-current accelerator. The population or depopulation of isomeric states in low-energy photon-induced reactions ( Eγ=0.5- 4.0 MeV) can be studied with sensitivities far beyond previous limits. The setup of this facility, its performance, and the absolute calibrations are described in detail. First exemplary results for a test case, the reaction 115In ( γ, γ') 115 m In, are presented and analyzed in combination with data from low-energy photon-scattering experiments ( 115In ( γ, γ') 115 In). The quality of the results demonstrates the powerful capability of this new installation.

  15. Eustatic control on epicontinental basins: The example of the Stuttgart Formation in the Central European Basin (Middle Keuper, Late Triassic)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Franz, M.; Nowak, K.; Berner, U.; Heunisch, C.; Bandel, K.; Röhling, H.-G.; Wolfgramm, M.

    2014-11-01

    The deposition of the Stuttgart Formation ('Schilfsandstein'), commonly considered as a type-example of the Carnian Pluvial Event, was controlled by high frequent 4th order sequences that resulted in pre-, intra- and post-Schilfsandstein transgressions from Tethyan waters into the epicontinental Central European Basin (CEB). The pre-Schilfsandstein transgression flooded the CEB trough gates to the Southeast and resulted in a wide-spread inland sea that was characterised by increased biological productivity, predominantly oxic conditions and enabled the immigration of euryhaline marine fauna with plankton, ostracodes, fishes, bivalves and the gastropods Omphaloptychia suebica n. sp. and Settsassia stuttgartica n. sp. The rather short-term intra- and post-Schilfsandstein transgressions flooded the CEB from the Southwest and Southeast and established a shallow brackish inland sea that stretched up to North Germany. Both, the 4th and 3rd order sequences derived from the succession in the CEB correlate well with those derived from successions of Tethyan shelfs. Therefore pronounced circum-Tethyan eustatic cycles are evidenced and may have had considerable impact on prominent middle Carnian events: Reingraben turnover, Carnian Pluvial Event, Carnian Crisis and Mid Carnian Wet Intermezzo. The broad circum-Tethyan evidence of 106-year scale cycles suggests glacioeustatic sea-level changes even in the Triassic Greenhouse period.

  16. Modeling of the Urban Heat Island (UHI) using WRF - Assessment of adaptation and mitigation strategies for the city of Stuttgart.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fallmann, Joachim; Suppan, Peter; Emeis, Stefan

    2013-04-01

    Cities are warmer than their surroundings (called urban heat island, UHI). UHI influence urban atmospheric circulation, air quality, and ecological conditions. UHI leads to upward motion and compensating near-surface inflow from the surroundings which import rural trace substances. Chemical and aerosol formation processes are modified due to increased temperature, reduced humidity and modified urban-rural trace substance mixtures. UHIs produce enhanced heat stress for humans, animals and plants, less water availability and modified air quality. Growing cities and Climate Change will aggravate the UHI and its effects and urgently require adaptation and mitigation strategies. Prior to this, UHI properties must be assessed by surface observations, ground- and satellite-based vertical remote sensing and numerical modelling. The Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) is an instrument to simulate and assess this phenomenon based on boundary conditions from observations and global climate models. Three urbanization schemes are available with WRF, which are tested during this study for different weather conditions in central Europe and will be enhanced if necessary. High resolution land use maps are used for this modeling effort. In situ measurements and Landsat thermal images are employed for validation of the results. The study will focus on the city of Stuttgart located in the south western part of Germany that is situated in a caldera-like orographic feature. This municipality has a long tradition in urban climate research and thus is well equipped with climatologic measurement stations. By using Geographical Information Systems (GIS), it is possible to simulate several scenarios for different surface properties. By increasing the albedo of roof and wall layers in the urban canopy model or by replacing urban land use by natural vegetation, simple urban planning strategies can be tested and the effect on urban heat island formation and air quality can be

  17. A dynamic flow simulation code benchmark study addressing the highly heterogeneous properties of the Stuttgart formation at the Ketzin pilot site

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kempka, Thomas; Class, Holger; Görke, Uwe-Jens; Norden, Ben; Kolditz, Olaf; Kühn, Michael; Walter, Lena; Wang, Wenqing; Zehner, Björn

    2013-04-01

    CO2 injection at the Ketzin pilot site located in Eastern Germany (Brandenburg) about 25 km west of Berlin is undertaken since June 2008 with a scheduled total amount of about 70,000 t CO2 to be injected into the saline aquifer represented by the Stuttgart Formation at a depth of 630 m to 650 m until the end of August 2013. The Stuttgart Formation is of fluvial origin determined by high-permeablity sandstone channels embedded in a floodplain facies of low permeability indicating a highly heterogeneous distribution of reservoir properties as facies distribution, porosity and permeability relevant for dynamic flow simulations. Following the dynamic modelling activities discussed by Kempka et al. (2010), a revised geological model allowed us to history match CO2 arrival times in the observation wells and reservoir pressure with a good agreement (Martens et al., 2012). Consequently, the validated reservoir model of the Stuttgart Formation at the Ketzin pilot site enabled us to predict the development of reservoir pressure and the CO2 plume migration in the storage formation by dynamic flow simulations. A benchmark study of industrial (ECLIPSE 100 as well as ECLIPSE 300 CO2STORE and GASWAT) and scientific dynamic flow simulations codes (TOUGH2-MP/ECO2N, OpenGeoSys and DuMuX) was initiated to address and compare the simulator capabilities considering a highly complex reservoir model. Hence, our dynamic flow simulations take into account different properties of the geological model such as significant variation of porosity and permeability in the Stuttgart Formation as well as structural geological features implemented in the geological model such as seven major faults located at the top of the Ketzin anticline. Integration of the geological model into reservoir models suitable for the different dynamic flow simulators applied demonstrated that a direct conversion of reservoir model discretization between Finite Volume and Finite Element flow simulators is not feasible

  18. Geomechanical characterization of an Upper Triassic reservoir rock (Stuttgart Formation) in the NE German Basin (pilot site for CO2 storage at Ketzin, Germany)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Klapperer, S.; Moeck, I.; Backers, T.

    2012-04-01

    In order to investigate the influence of CO2storage in a 730-710 m deep saline aquifer of Upper Triassic siliciclastic rock, a pilot project was set up at an anticlinal structure near the city of Ketzin/Havel, west of Berlin. Three new wells were drilled and since June 2008, about 57,000 tons of CO2 (December 2011) have been injected. In 2011 an additional observation well was drilled. Lithologically, the Upper Triassic, which is referred asKeuper in Germany, consists of a multi-layered siliciclastic sequence ofpartly anhydriticclaystone, siltstone, sandstone and evaporitic deposits (halite, anhydrite and gypsum). Injection leads to a change of stress conditions in the reservoir and its faults wherefore it is necessary to understand and quantify structural geology, stress regime and geomechanical behavior from reservoir to cap rock. Notably, the interaction of faults, lithologic units and stress field in a multi layered sedimentary system might have a strong impact on fluid flow. The failure and faulting of the rock within a stress field is strongly governed by rock mechanical properties. Therefore a suite of geomechanical testing was undertaken on core material of reservoir rock. In particular the parameters unconfined compressive strength (UCS), Young's modulus E, Poisson's ratio ν, angle of internal friction ψ and cohesion c were determined. The results of the geomechanical tests show a surprisingly wide range of values within one lithological unit. For the UCS the values vary between 8.1 and 177.5 MPa at which high values were measured for highly cemented, medium grained sandstone whereas very low test results were noted for weakly cemented, medium grained sandstone. Quite low compressive strengths ranging between 15.8 and 19.8 MPa was measured for clayey, fine sandy siltstone. Measurements on the partly well cemented, medium grained sandstone indicate medium range values from 59 to 76.2 MPa. Other important properties for estimation of the mechanical

  19. Insights into Mechanisms and Proteomic Characterisation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Adaptation to a Novel Antimicrobial Substance

    PubMed Central

    Cierniak, Peter; Jübner, Martin; Müller, Stefan; Bender, Katja

    2013-01-01

    Antibiotic resistance has been reported since the introduction of synthetic antibiotics. Bacteria, such as one of the most common nosocomial pathogens P. aeruginosa, adapt quickly to changing environmental conditions, due to their short generation time. Thus microevolutional changes can be monitored in situ. In this study, the microevolutional process of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 resistance against a recently developed novel antibacterial zinc Schiff-base (ZSB) was investigated at the proteome level. After extended exposure to ZSB the passaged strain differed in tolerance against ZSB, with the adapted P. aeruginosa PAO1 exhibiting 1.6 times higher minimal inhibitory concentration. Using Two-dimensional Difference Gel Electrophoresis, the changes in the proteome of ZSB adapted P. aeruginosa PAO1 were examined by comparison with the non-adapted P. aeruginosa PAO1. The proteome of the adapted P. aeruginosa PAO1 strain differed significantly from the non-adapted in the abundance of two proteins when both strains were grown under stressing conditions. One protein could be identified as the outer membrane protein D that plays a role in uptake of basic amino acids as well as in carbapeneme resistance. The second protein has been identified as alkyl peroxide reductase subunit F. Our data indicated a slight increase in abundance of alkyl peroxide reductase F (AhpF) in the case of ZSB passaged P. aeruginosa PAO1. Higher abundance of Ahp has been discussed in the literature as a promoter of accelerated detoxification of benzene derivatives. The observed up-regulated AhpF thus appears to be connected to an increased tolerance against ZSB. Changes in the abundance of proteins connected to oxidative stress were also found after short-time exposure of P. aeruginosa PAO1 to the ZSB. Furthermore, adapted P. aeruginosa PAO1 showed increased tolerance against hydrogen peroxide and, in addition, showed accelerated degradation of ZSB, as determined by HPLC measurements. PMID:23869205

  20. Objectives and Tasks of Lunar Mission BW1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Laufer, R.; Roeser, H.-P.

    2007-08-01

    Lunar Mission BW1 is the forth project of the "Stuttgart Small Satellite Program" initiated in 2002 at the Institute of Space Systems (IRS), Universitaet Stuttgart, Germany. The small Moon orbiter is a 1 m cube spacecraft of approx. 200 kg launch mass currently under development with participation of diploma/masters and Ph.D. students as well as academic and industrial partners. Demonstrating the ability of an academic institution to participate and contribute to space exploration by designing, building and operating a complete space probe Lunar Mission BW1 will be a test bed to perform technology demonstration and other experiments beyond Earth orbit in cis-lunar space and at the Moon. The satellite is planned to be launched end of the decade as a piggyback payload from a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) and will reach lunar orbit using its own electric propulsion systems (thermal arcjet and iMPD thrusters). The paper will present objectives and tasks of Lunar Mission BW1 and the elements of this mission, i.e. spacecraft, ground segment, operations. It will give also an overview about the experience and heritage gained from the three other missions of the Stuttgart Small Satellite Program (Flying Laptop - technology demonstration/Earth observation, Perseus - electric propulsion test/UV astronomy, Cermit - re-entry vehicle/GNC experiment).

  1. Relative contribution of iron reduction to sediments organic matter mineralization in contrasting habitats of a shallow eutrophic freshwater lake.

    PubMed

    Chen, Mo; Jiang, He-Long

    2016-06-01

    Iron reduction is one of the important organic matter (OM) mineralization pathway in sediments. Here we investigated the rates and the relative contribution of iron reduction to OM mineralization in Zhushan bay (ZSB, cyanobacterial bloom biomass (CBB)-dominated habitats) and East Taihu Lake (ETL, submerged macrophypes (SM)-dominated habitats) of Lake Taihu, China. Anaerobic microcosm incubation revealed that the rate of iron reduction at ZSB (4.42 μmol cm(-3) d(-1)) in summer was almost 1.5 times higher than at ETL (3.13 μmol cm(-3) d(-1)). Iron reduction accounted for 66.5% (ZSB) and 31.8% (ETL) of total anaerobic carbon mineralization, respectively. No detectable methanogenesis was found at ZSB, while methanogenesis was responsible for 16.7% of total anaerobic respiration in sediments of ETL. Geochemical analysis of solid phase constituents indicated that ZSB surface sediments experienced highly oxidizing conditions with much higher amorphous Fe(III) (71 mmol m(-2)) than ETL (11 mmol m(-2)). Conversely, AVS inventories at ETL (38 mmol m(-2)) were up to 30 times higher than at ZSB (1.27 mmol m(-2)), indicating significant sulfate reduction in sediments of ETL. Overall results suggested that varying carbon sources and distinct geochemical characterizations of the sediments in contrasting habitats significantly influenced the rate of iron reduction and the pathway of C mineralization in a large freshwater lake. PMID:27038578

  2. One-phonon 2+1,ms mixed-symmetry state of 148Sm observed in nuclear resonance fluorescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, T. C.; Pietralla, N.; Fransen, C.; Garrel, H. Von; Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Linnemann, A.; Pitz, H. H.; Rainovski, G.; Richter, A.; Scheck, M.; Stedile, F.; Brentano, P. Von; Neumann-Cosel, P. Von; Werner, V.

    2005-04-01

    To search for the 2+1,ms state of 148Sm, we studied the 148Sm(γ,γ') photon scattering reaction at the Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator using bremsstrahlung with an endpoint energy of 3.2 MeV. Nuclear resonance fluorescence from eleven excited states, including three 2+ states, between 1.4 and 3.1 MeV has been observed. The data allow the identification of the 2+5 state at 2146 keV as the 2+1,ms state of 148Sm.

  3. Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Aquaculture (fish farming) has played an ever-increasing role in providing people with fish, shrimp, and shellfish. Aquaculture is currently the fastest growing sector of global food production and in 2011 totaled 60 million tons valued at $119 billion. The production of food-fish from aquaculture...

  4. The Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Aquaculture is currently the fastest growing sector of global food production. Global aquaculture production in 2011 totaled 60 million tonnes (excluding aquatic plants) valued at US$119 billion, while global capture fishery production has remained static at approximately 90 million tonnes annually...

  5. CoMRoS: Cooperative mobile robots Stuttgart

    SciTech Connect

    Braeunl, T.; Kalbacher, M.; Levi, P.; Mamier, G.

    1996-12-31

    Project CoMRoS has the goal to develop intelligent cooperating mobile robots. Several different vehicles are to solve a single task autonomously by exchanging plans without a central control. We use {open_quotes}Robuter II{close_quotes} vehicles from Robosoft France, adapted to our needs. The standard vehicle has very little local intelligence (VME bus system) and is controlled remotely by wireless Ethernet for sending steering commands and receiving sonar sensor data. A wireless video link is used to transmit camera images. Data exchange between vehicles is then performed among the corresponding workstations. The remote control is basically used to simplify testing and debugging of robot programs. However, each vehicle can also be driven completely autonomous by using a laptop PC.

  6. Low-lying E1 and M1 strengths in the deformed nucleus 160Gd

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedrichs, H.; Häger, D.; von Brentano, P.; Heil, R. D.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Müller, G.; Pitz, H. H.; Schlitt, B.; Schumacher, M.; Wesselborg, C.; Zilges, A.

    1994-01-01

    Measurements of the linear polarization of resonantly scattered photons have been used for model-independent parity determinations in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments. The experiments have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator. The use of two different Compton polarimeters, a five Ge-detector arrangement and a sectored single-crystal Ge-polarimeter enabled the parity assignments. Positive parities were established for a cluster of states near 3.3 MeV (M1 transitions) to be ascribed to the so-called scissors mode. In addition an enhanced electric dipole excitation near 2.5 MeV (2471 keV, B(E1) ↑ = 3.0 ± 0.4 × 10 -3e2fm 2) has been observed as in the neighbouring isotopes 162Dy and 150Nd. These 1 - states systematically exhibit an uncommon decay branching hinting at K-mixing.

  7. Systematics of low-lying E1 and M1 excitations in heavy nuclei from photon scattering experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pitz, H. H.; Bauwens, F.; Belic, D.; Bryssinck, J.; von Brentano, P.; Fransen, C.; De Frenne, D.; Govor, L.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Jacobs, E.; Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Linnemann, A.; Maser, H.; Matschinsky, P.; Nord, A.; Pietralla, N.; Ponomarev, V. Yu.; Scheck, M.; Stedile, F.; Werner, V.

    2000-07-01

    The results of systematic nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments on heavy deformed and spherical nuclei at the bremsstrahlung facility of the Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator are reported. The investigation of the fragmentation of the orbital M1 scissors mode in deformed odd-mass nuclei has been continued with high-precision measurements on 166Ho and 163Dy, revealing a lot of weak excitations distributed over the energy range 1.5-4 MeV. The investigation of the (2+⊗3-) two-phonon excitations in the Sn isotopic chain shows a very harmonic coupling of the phonons. The results for both, the even-even and the odd-mass Sn isotopes are in good agreement with QPM calculations.

  8. Lifetimes of two-phonon 1 - states in even N = 82 nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herzberg, R.-D.; Bauske, I.; von Brentano, P.; Eckert, Th.; Fischer, R.; Geiger, W.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H. H.; Zilges, A.

    1995-02-01

    Photon scattering experiments on the semi magic nuclei 138Ba and 140Ce have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the Stuttgart Dynamitron. Two-phonon 1 - states were excited at 4.026 and 3.643 MeV excitation energy respectively as well as a number of 2 + states between 2 and 4 MeV. Lifetimes and upper limits for the decay to other low-lying states were extracted from the data and are compared to lifetimes given in the literature. The systematics of B(E1) values and energies of the 1 - two-phonon states is analysed using additional data from previously published (γ, γ') experiments on the neighbouring isotones 142Nd and 144Sm.

  9. Low-lying E1,M1, and E2 strength distributions in Xe124,126,128,129,130,131,132,134,136: Systematic photon scattering experiments in the mass region of a nuclear shape or phase transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von Garrel, H.; Brentano, P. Von; Fransen, C.; Friessner, G.; Hollmann, N.; Jolie, J.; Käppeler, F.; Käubler, L.; Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Kostov, L.; Linnemann, A.; Mücher, D.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H. H.; Rusev, G.; Scheck, M.; Schilling, K. D.; Scholl, C.; Schwengner, R.; Stedile, F.; Walter, S.; Werner, V.; Wisshak, K.

    2006-05-01

    Systematic nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiments on all nine stable (seven even-even and two odd-mass) Xe isotopes have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the 4.3-MV Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator. For the first time thin-walled, high-pressure gas targets (about 70 bar) with highly enriched target material were used in NRF experiments. Precise excitation energies, transition strengths, spins, and decay branching ratios were obtained for numerous states, most of them previously unknown. The systematics of the observed E1 two-phonon excitations (2+⊗3-) and M1 excitations to 1+ mixed-symmetry states in the even-even isotopes are discussed with respect to the new critical point symmetry E(5). The fragmentation of these fundamental dipole excitation modes in the odd-mass isotopes Xe129,131 is shown and discussed. In the even-even nuclei several low-lying E2 excitations were observed.

  10. A history of the Fish Farming Experimental Laboratory in Stuttgart, Arkansas and the transfer to the USDA/ARS Harry K. Dupree - Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In 1958, Congress enacted the Fish Rice Rotation Act that directed the Secretary of the Interior (in cooperation with USDA) to develop a program to solve problems related to production and harvest of warmwater fish. The idea was to establish a program to grow fish on flooded rice acreage in rotatio...

  11. SURFACTANT-ENHANCED EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGY EVALUATION VERSUCHSEININCHTUNG ZUR GRUNDWASSER-UND ALTLASTENSANIERUNG (VEGAS) FACILITY, STUTTGART, GERMANY

    EPA Science Inventory

    This innovative technology evaluation report (ITER) summarized the results of an evaluation of a surfactant-enhanced extraction technology. This evaluation was conducted under a bilateral agreement between the United States (U.S.) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund ...

  12. Research update for the Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Aquaculture (fish farming) has played an ever-increasing role in providing people with fish, shrimp, and shellfish. Aquaculture is currently the fastest growing sector of global food production and in 2014 totaled 80 million tons valued at $140 billion. The production of food-fish from aquaculture h...

  13. Symposium Gyro Technology 1990, Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany, Sept. 25, 26, 1990, Proceedings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sorg, H.

    The present symposium on gyro technology discusses design considerations for highly reliable hard- and software fault tolerant inertial reference systems, the constant value thresholds of FDI in strapdown inertial navigation, the LISA 6000, and in-flight alignment and calibration of a tactical missile INS. Attention is given to the development of a solid-state gyroscope, the development of an inexpensive gyroscope based on the principle of a vibrating piezoelectric plate, the theory and design considerations of a new two-axis angular rate gyro, and the manufacturing and testing of the Smiths 3000 microminiature DTG. Topics addressed include a down sampling technique for fiber gyroscope signal processing, second-order backscatter-induced crosstalk in a multiplexed 2D gyro system, a low-cost tactical laser gyroscope with no moving parts, and input axis measurements for a rate-biased laser gyro.

  14. [Medicine and health in the year 2000. The works from the Stuttgart Conference 1965-1990].

    PubMed

    Montiel, L

    1993-01-01

    In this study we shall describe the works carried out over a period of twenty five years by a group of experts from the old Federal Republic of Germany. These studies, whose purpose was to identify the trends in medicine for the near future--the every symbolic year 2000--were coordinated by the medical historian Heinrich Schipperges, who played a decisive role in the foundation, and even in the historical orientation of this prospective work. As history illustrates, the limitations and risks of the present models of health and medicine are very pronounced. The concept of utopian medicine, whose historical reality is highlighted by bibliographical and field research, constitutes the hub around which the symptoms of the disease from which the welfare society is suffering, revolve.

  15. Identification of strong E1 and M1 groundstate transitions in deformed rare earth nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedrichs, H.; Lindenstruth, S.; Schlitt, B.; Wesselborg, C.; Bauske, I.; Heil, R. D.; Kneissl, U.; Margral, J.; Pitz, H. H.; Häger, D.; Müller, G.; Schumacher, M.; von Brentano, P.; Herzberg, R. D.; Zilges, A.

    1993-03-01

    Systematic nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiments have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the Stuttgart Dynamitron to investigate the distribution of magnetic and electric dipole strengths in deformed nuclei. Precise excitation energies, transition strengths, spins and decay branching ratios were deduced for numerous low lying dipole excitations in deformed rare earth nuclei. Measurements of the linear polarization of resonantly scattered photons using simultaneously two Compton polarimeters enabled model independent parity assignments. For the first time positive parities could be established for groups of states in the neighbouring deformed nuclei 150Nd, 160Gd, 162Dy. Most of these states are concentrated near 3 MeV and should be attributed to orbital M1 excitations ("Scissors Mode"). The deformation dependence of the orbital M1 strength has been studied in the Nd isotopic chain. Completing previous polarization measurements on 142,150Nd the transitional nucleus 146Nd has been investigated. The surprising novel result of the present systematic studies, however, was the first observation of enhanced electric dipole excitations in the same deformed nuclei at excitation energies of 2.414, 2.471, and 2.520 MeV, respectively. The transition energies and the enhanced B(E1)↑ strengths of 3-5·10-3e2fm2 support the interpretation in terms of the predicted new type of collective electric dipole excitations in deformed nuclei due to reflection asymmetric shapes like octupole deformations and/or cluster configurations. Furthermore, all three states systematically exhibit decay branching ratios Rexp = B(1- → 21+)/B(1- → 01+), which hint at K-mixing. First results for the neutron-odd, deformed nucleus 163Dy are presented.

  16. SOFIA Mid-infrared Imaging1 and CSO Submillimeter Polarimetry Observations of G034.43+00.24 MM1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jones, T. J.; Gordon, Michael; Shenoy, Dinesh; Gehrz, R. D.; Vaillancourt, John E.; Krejny, M.

    2016-06-01

    We present 11.1 to 37.1 μm imaging observations of the very dense molecular cloud core MM1 in G034.43+00.24 using FORCAST on SOFIA and submillimeter (submm) polarimetry using SHARP on the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory. We find that at the spatial resolution of SOFIA, the point-spread function (PSF) of MM1 is consistent with being a single source, as expected based on millimeter (mm) and submm observations. The spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of MM1 and MM2 have a warm component at the shorter wavelengths not seen in mm and submm SEDs. Examination of H(1.65 μm) stellar polarimetry from the Galactic Plane Infrared Polarization Survey shows that G034 is embedded in an external magnetic field aligned with the Galactic Plane. The SHARP polarimetry at 450 μm shows a magnetic field geometry in the vicinity of MM1 that does not line up with either the Galactic Plane or the mean field direction inferred from the CARMA interferometric polarization map of the central cloud core, but is perpendicular to the long filament in which G034 is embedded. The CARMA polarimetry does show evidence for grain alignment in the central region of the cloud core, and thus does trace the magnetic field geometry near the embedded Class 0 YSO. Based in part on observations made with the NASA/DLR Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA). SOFIA is jointly operated by the Universities Space Research Association, Inc. (USRA), under NASA contract NAS2-97001, and the Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI) under DLR contract 50 OK 0901 to the University of Stuttgart.

  17. Low-energy photon scattering experiments of 151,153Eu, 163Dy, and 165Ho and the systematics of the M1 scissors mode in odd-mass rare-earth nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nord, A.; Enders, J.; de Almeida Pinto, A. E.; Belic, D.; von Brentano, P.; Fransen, C.; Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Linnemann, A.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H. H.; Richter, A.; Stedile, F.; Werner, V.

    2003-03-01

    Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments were performed on the rare-earth nuclei 151,153Eu, and with considerably increased sensitivity on 163Dy and 165Ho to study the fragmentation of the M1 scissors mode in odd-mass nuclei, and to clarify the puzzle of the missing total M1 strength observed for odd-mass nuclei so far. Using the bremsstrahlung photon beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron (end point energy 4.05 MeV) and high-resolution Ge γ-ray spectrometers, detailed information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, transition probabilities, and branching ratios. Whereas in 151Eu only 11 weak excitations were observed, 161 and 138 excitations could be detected in the heavier nuclei 163Dy and 165Ho, respectively. The results are compared to those observed recently at the Stuttgart facility for the neighboring odd-mass nuclei 161Dy, 155,157Gd, and 159Tb. The measured total strengths increase with the mass number A. Ascribing the same portion of the dipole strength to M1 excitations as measured in the neighboring even-even nuclei, the total M1 strength deduced from the most sensitive experiment on 163Dy is comparable to those found in the neighboring even-even nuclei. The results for 163Dy and 165Ho are compared with a fluctuation analysis of the photon scattering spectra to estimate the amount of still unresolved strength eventually hidden in the background due to the extreme fragmentation of the M1 scissors mode in odd-mass rare-earth nuclei. For 165Ho, the total derived strength of B(M1)↑=2.9(5)μ2N agrees within error bars with an earlier analysis of a different measurement of the 165Ho(γ,γ') reaction. In 163Dy the method leads to an unphysical background shape, underlining the experimental observation of a significantly reduced fragmentation pattern of the dipole modes in this nucleus, which must be traced back to structure features of the Dy isotopes.

  18. Design of Software for Design of Finite Element for Structural Analysis. Ph.D. Thesis - Stuttgart Univ., 22 Nov. 1983

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helfrich, Reinhard

    1987-01-01

    The concepts of software engineering which allow a user of the finite element method to describe a model, to collect and to check the model data in a data base as well as to form the matrices required for a finite element calculation are examined. Next the components of the model description are conceived including the mesh tree, the topology, the configuration, the kinematic boundary conditions, the data for each element, and the loads. The possibilities for description and review of the data are considered. The concept of the segments for the modularization of the programs follows the components of the model description. The significance of the mesh tree as a globular guiding structure will be understood in view of the principle of the unity of the model, the mesh tree, and the data base. The user-friendly aspects of the software system will be summarized: the principle of language communication, the data generators, error processing, and data security.

  19. Effect of Repeated Thermal Shock on Mechanical Properties of ZrB2-SiC-BN Ceramic Composites

    PubMed Central

    Li, Gang; Chen, Hongbo

    2014-01-01

    ZrB2-20 vol.% SiC-10 vol.% h-BN (particles) ceramic composites (ZSB) were fabricated by hot pressing under inert gas protected. ZSB samples with mean size 75 × 55 × 40 mm3 were heated using current heating method and then cooled down to low temperature by circulating water. ZSB samples repeatedly went through thermal shock with 10–50 times under various conditions, respectively. Diverse effects on residual strength of ZSB at different experiment conditions (temperatures, thermal shock times, and heating rates) were investigated. The test results indicated that the residual strength of specimen materials all reached the maximum while the temperature was 1600°C and thermal shock number was less than 50 times. Because ZSB samples could not stand the extremely serious hyperoxidation at very high temperature (1800°C), the residual strength of samples decreased sharply. At 1600°C, when the thermal shock times was 20, ZSB samples' residual strength reached the maximum, but it decreased to the lowest point while the thermal shock times was 30. So we argued that the sensitive thermal shock number was 30. Finally, we analyzed the influences on samples residual strength generated by different heating rates at the same temperature and thermal shock number; the results showed that when heating rate was equal to cooling rate, the residual strength of specimen materials reached the maximum. PMID:24574889

  20. Studies of singlet Rydberg series of LiH derived from Li(nl) + H(1s), with n ≤ 6 and l ≤ 4

    SciTech Connect

    Gim, Yeongrok; Lee, Chun-Woo

    2014-10-14

    The 50 singlet states of LiH composed of 49 Rydberg states and one non-Rydberg ionic state derivable from Li(nl) + H(1s), with n ≤ 6 and l ≤ 4, are studied using the multi-reference configuration interaction method combined with the Stuttgart/Köln group's effective core potential/core polarization potential method. Basis functions that can yield energy levels up to the 6g orbital of Li have been developed, and they are used with a huge number of universal Kaufmann basis functions for Rydberg states. The systematics and regularities of the physical properties such as potential energies, quantum defects, permanent dipole moments, transition dipole moments, and nonadiabatic coupling matrix elements of the Rydberg series are studied. The behaviors of potential energy curves and quantum defect curves are explained using the Fermi approximation. The permanent dipole moments of the Rydberg series reveal that they are determined by the sizes of the Rydberg orbitals, which are proportional to n{sup 2}. Interesting mirror relationships of the dipole moments are observed between l-mixed Rydberg series, with the rule Δl = ±1, except for s–d mixing, which is also accompanied by n-mixing. The members of the l-mixed Rydberg series have dipole moments with opposite directions. The first derivatives of the dipole moment curves, which show the charge-transfer component, clearly show not only mirror relationships in terms of direction but also oscillations. The transition dipole moment matrix elements of the Rydberg series are determined by the small-r region, with two consequences. One is that the transition dipole moment matrix elements show n{sup −3/2} dependence. The other is that the magnitudes of the transition dipole moment matrix elements decrease rapidly as l increases.

  1. E1 and E2S factors of C12(α,γ0)O16 from γ-ray angular distributions with a 4 π-detector array

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Assunção, M.; Fey, M.; Lefebvre-Schuhl, A.; Kiener, J.; Tatischeff, V.; Hammer, J. W.; Beck, C.; Boukari-Pelissie, C.; Coc, A.; Correia, J. J.; Courtin, S.; Fleurot, F.; Galanopoulos, E.; Grama, C.; Haas, F.; Hammache, F.; Hannachi, F.; Harissopulos, S.; Korichi, A.; Kunz, R.; Ledu, D.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Malcherek, D.; Meunier, R.; Paradellis, Th.; Rousseau, M.; Rowley, N.; Staudt, G.; Szilner, S.; Thibaud, J. P.; Weil, J. L.

    2006-05-01

    A new experiment to determine the thermonuclear cross section of the C12(α,γ)O16 reaction has been performed in regular kinematics using an intense α-particle beam of up to 340 μA from the Stuttgart DYNAMITRON. For the first time, a 4π-germanium-detector setup has been used to measure the angular distribution of the γ rays at all angles simultaneously. It consisted of an array of nine EUROGAM high-purity Ge detectors in close geometry, actively shielded individually with bismuth germanate crystals. The C12 targets were isotopically enriched by magnetic separation during implantation. The depth profiles of the implanted carbon in the C12 targets were determined by Rutherford backscattering for purposes of cross-section normalization and absolute determination of the E1 and E2S factors. Angular distributions of the γ decay to the O16 ground state were measured in the energy range Ec.m.=1.30 2.78 MeV and in the angular range (lab.) 30° 130°. From these distributions, astrophysical E1 and E2S-factor functions vs energy were calculated, both of which are indispensable to the modeling of this reaction and the extrapolation toward lower energies. The separation of the E1 and E2 capture channels was done both by taking the phase value ϕ12 as a free parameter and by fixing it using the results of elastic α-particle scattering on C12 in the same energy range.

  2. E1 and E2 S factors of {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}{sub 0}){sup 16}O from {gamma}-ray angular distributions with a 4 {pi}-detector array

    SciTech Connect

    Assuncao, M.; Lefebvre-Schuhl, A.; Kiener, J.; Tatischeff, V.; Boukari-Pelissie, C.; Coc, A.; Correia, J.J.; Grama, C.; Hannachi, F.; Korichi, A.; LeDu, D.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Meunier, R.; Thibaud, J.P.; Beck, C.; Courtin, S.

    2006-05-15

    A new experiment to determine the thermonuclear cross section of the {sup 12}C({alpha},{gamma}){sup 16}O reaction has been performed in regular kinematics using an intense {alpha}-particle beam of up to 340 {mu}A from the Stuttgart DYNAMITRON. For the first time, a 4{pi}-germanium-detector setup has been used to measure the angular distribution of the {gamma} rays at all angles simultaneously. It consisted of an array of nine EUROGAM high-purity Ge detectors in close geometry, actively shielded individually with bismuth germanate crystals. The {sup 12}C targets were isotopically enriched by magnetic separation during implantation. The depth profiles of the implanted carbon in the {sup 12}C targets were determined by Rutherford backscattering for purposes of cross-section normalization and absolute determination of the E1 and E2 S factors. Angular distributions of the {gamma} decay to the {sup 16}O ground state were measured in the energy range E{sub c.m.}=1.30-2.78 MeV and in the angular range (lab.) 30 deg. -130 deg. . From these distributions, astrophysical E1 and E2 S-factor functions vs energy were calculated, both of which are indispensable to the modeling of this reaction and the extrapolation toward lower energies. The separation of the E1 and E2 capture channels was done both by taking the phase value {phi}{sub 12} as a free parameter and by fixing it using the results of elastic {alpha}-particle scattering on {sup 12}C in the same energy range.

  3. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    EPA / 635 / R - 03 / 013 www.epa.gov / iris TOXICOLOGICAL REVIEW OF 1,1,1 - TRICHLOROETHANE ( CAS No . 71 - 55 - 6 ) In Support of Summary Information on the Integrated Risk Information System ( IRIS ) August 2007 U.S . Environmental Protection Agency Washington , DC DISCLAIMER This document has bee

  4. MI1AENG1

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-09-03

    MI1AENG1 MISR Level 1A Engineering Data File Type 1: Reformatted Annotated Level 1A product for the camera engineering data, which represents indicators of sampled measurements. ... Status Production Report Read Software Files :  Data Product Specification Versioning ...

  5. SSCA1-K1

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, Matthew

    2015-11-06

    SSCA1-K1 is a parallel implementation of kernel 1 of the SSCA1 benchmark suite released by the DARPA HPCS program. This kernel is able to run in parallel on a distributed shared memory system at extreme scales using OpenSHMEM.

  6. 1,1-Carboboration.

    PubMed

    Kehr, Gerald; Erker, Gerhard

    2012-02-11

    The use of very electrophilic boranes RB(C(6)F(5))(2) widens the scope of the 1,1-carboboration reaction substantially. Simple terminal alkynes HC≡CR undergo this reaction with the RB(C(6)F(5))(2) reagents rapidly under mild conditions to give high yields of very useful new alkenylborane products. Even internal alkynes RC≡CR undergo 1,1-carboboration with the RB(C(6)F(5))(2) reagents to provide a novel way of carbon-carbon σ-bond activation. Variants of these reactions involving phosphorus substituted alkynes and more complex bisalkynyl main group and transition metal substrates give rise to the formation of very interesting functionalized metallacyclic products upon treatment with RB(C(6)F(5))(2) reagents by means of reaction sequences involving selective 1,1-carboboration steps. PMID:22116402

  7. 1,1-Difluoroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1 - Difluoroethane ; CASRN 75 - 37 - 6 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogen

  8. 1,1-Dichloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1 - Dichloroethane ; CASRN 75 - 34 - 3 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogen

  9. 1 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise— Administrative Committee means the Administrative Committee of...

  10. 1 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise— Administrative Committee means the Administrative Committee of...

  11. 1 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise— Administrative Committee means the Administrative Committee of...

  12. 1 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise— Administrative Committee means the Administrative Committee of...

  13. 1 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise— Administrative Committee means the Administrative Committee of...

  14. Thoughts on Why (-1)(-1) = +1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapke, Tina

    2008-01-01

    This article considers why (-1)(-1) = +1 and how and why a teacher might go about explaining this concept to high school students without using pseudoreasoning. Furthermore, it provides a precise explanation, through the use of the distributive property, as to why (-1)(-1) = +1. (Contains 1 figure.)

  15. Twin-Screw Extruders in Ceramic Extrusion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wiedmann, Werner; Hölzel, Maria

    The machines mainly used for compounding plastics, chemicals and food are co-rotating, closely intermeshing twin-screw extruders. Some 30 000 such extruders are in use worldwide, about 1/3 are ZSKs from Coperion Werner & Pfleiderer, Stuttgart. In the chemical industry more and more batch mixers are being replaced by continuous twin-screw kneaders.

  16. Interplay between strain, quantum confinement, and ferromagnetism in strained ferromagnetic semiconductor (In,Fe)As thin films

    SciTech Connect

    Sasaki, Daisuke; Anh, Le Duc; Nam Hai, Pham; Tanaka, Masaaki

    2014-04-07

    We systematically investigated the influence of strain on the electronic structure and ferromagnetism of (In,Fe)As thin films. It is found that while the shift of the critical point energies of compressive-strained (In,Fe)As layers grown on (In{sub 1−y},Ga{sub y})As (y = 0.05, 0.1) buffer layers can be explained by the hydrostatic deformation effect (HDE) alone, those of tensile-strained (In,Fe)As layers grown on (Ga{sub 1−z},Al{sub z})Sb (z = 0, 0.5, 1) buffer layers can be explained by the combination of HDE and the quantum confinement effect (QCE). The Curie temperature T{sub C} of the (In,Fe)As layers strongly depends on the strain, and shows a maximum for the (In,Fe)As layer grown on a GaSb buffer layer. The strain dependence of T{sub C} can be explained by the s-d exchange mechanism taking into account HDE and QCE.

  17. 1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1 - Chloro - 1,1 - difluoroethane ; CASRN 75 - 68 - 3 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for

  18. 1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,1,2 - Tetrafluoroethane ; CASRN 811 - 97 - 2 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Nonca

  19. 1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,1,2 - Tetrachloroethane ; CASRN 630 - 20 - 6 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Nonca

  20. 1,1-Dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE)

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1 - Dichloroethylene ( 1,1 - DCE ) ; CASRN 75 - 35 - 4 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments f

  1. Gbf1

    PubMed Central

    Claude, Alejandro; Zhao, Bao-Ping; Kuziemsky, Craig E.; Dahan, Sophie; Berger, Scott J.; Yan, Jian-Ping; Armold, Adrian D.; Sullivan, Eric M.; Melançon, Paul

    1999-01-01

    Expression cloning from a cDNA library prepared from a mutant CHO cell line with Golgi-specific resistance to Brefeldin A (BFA) identified a novel 206-kD protein with a Sec7 domain termed GBF1 for Golgi BFA resistance factor 1. Overexpression of GBF1 allowed transfected cells to maintain normal Golgi morphology and grow in the presence of BFA. Golgi- enriched membrane fractions from such transfected cells displayed normal levels of ADP ribosylation factors (ARFs) activation and coat protein recruitment that were, however, BFA resistant. Hexahistidine-tagged–GBF1 exhibited BFA-resistant guanine nucleotide exchange activity that appears specific towards ARF5 at physiological Mg2+concentration. Characterization of cDNAs recovered from the mutant and wild-type parental lines established that transcripts in these cells had identical sequence and, therefore, that GBF1 was naturally BFA resistant. GBF1 was primarily cytosolic but a significant pool colocalized to a perinuclear structure with the β-subunit of COPI. Immunogold labeling showed highest density of GBF1 over Golgi cisternae and significant labeling over pleiomorphic smooth vesiculotubular structures. The BFA-resistant nature of GBF1 suggests involvement in retrograde traffic. PMID:10402461

  2. Neurofibromatosis-1

    MedlinePlus

    ... family who have the same NF1 gene change. "Coffee-with-milk" ( cafe-au-lait ) spots are the ... Call your health care provider if: You notice coffee-with-milk colored spots on your child's skin ...

  3. GTM-1

    2007-02-08

    GTM-1 was developed for the assessment of radionuclide transport by the ground-water through geoligic formations whose properties can change along the pathway. The program was developed for specific use within Probabilistic System Assessment (PSA) Monte Carlo codes.

  4. 1,1,2-Trichloropropane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,2 - Trichloropropane ; CASRN 598 - 77 - 6 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarci

  5. 1,1,2-Trichloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,2 - Trichloroethane ; CASRN 79 - 00 - 5 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcino

  6. 26 CFR 1.1-1 - Income tax on individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Income tax on individuals. 1.1-1 Section 1.1-1... and Surtaxes § 1.1-1 Income tax on individuals. (a) General rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes an... taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970) see section 3. The tax imposed is upon taxable......

  7. 26 CFR 1.1-1 - Income tax on individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Income tax on individuals. 1.1-1 Section 1.1-1... and Surtaxes § 1.1-1 Income tax on individuals. (a) General rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes an... taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970) see section 3. The tax imposed is upon taxable......

  8. 1/N

    SciTech Connect

    Coleman, S.

    1980-03-01

    There exist families of field theories with symmetry group SO(N) (or SU(N)) that become simpler as N becomes larger. More precisely, the solutions to these theories possess an expansion in powers of 1/N. This expansion is the subject of these lectures. The 1/N expansion can be used to analyze model field theories. The 1/N expansion is developed for phi/sup 4/ theory and applied to two two-dimensional models with similar combinatoric structures, the Gross-Neveu model and the CP/sup N-1/ model. These models display (in the leading 1/N approximation) such interesting phenomena as asymptotic freedom, dynamical symmetry breaking, dimensional transmutation, and non-perturbative confinement. It is possible that the 1/N expansion, with N the number of colors, might fruitfully be applied to quantum chromodynamics. Unfortunately, it is not possible to make a decisive test of the approximation, because no one knows how to compute even the first term in the expansion in closed form. However, it is possible to argue that this first term, whatever its detailed form, has many properties that are also shared by the real world, and which are otherwise underived from field theory. These include the saturation of scattering amplitudes by an infinite number of narrow resonances, the essential feature of dual-resonance models. (RWR)

  9. TRPC1.

    PubMed

    Nesin, Vasyl; Tsiokas, Leonidas

    2014-01-01

    The TRPC1 ion channel was the first mammalian TRP channel to be cloned. In humans, it is encoded by the TRPC1 gene located in chromosome 3. The protein is predicted to consist of six transmembrane segments with the N- and C-termini located in the cytoplasm. The extracellular loop connecting transmembrane segments 5 and 6 participates in the formation of the ionic pore region. Inside the cell, TRPC1 is present in the endoplasmic reticulum, plasma membrane, intracellular vesicles, and primary cilium, an antenna-like sensory organelle functioning as a signaling platform. In human and rodent tissues, it shows an almost ubiquitous expression. TRPC1 interacts with a diverse group of proteins including ion channel subunits, receptors, and cytosolic proteins to mediate its effect on Ca(2+) signaling. It primarily functions as a cation nonselective channel within pathways controlling Ca(2+) entry in response to cell surface receptor activation. Through these pathways, it affects basic cell functions, such as proliferation and survival, differentiation, secretion, and cell migration, as well as cell type-specific functions such as chemotropic turning of neuronal growth cones and myoblast fusion. The biological role of TRPC1 has been studied in genetically engineered mice where the Trpc1 gene has been experimentally ablated. Although these mice live to adulthood, they show defects in several organs and tissues, such as the cardiovascular, central nervous, skeletal and muscular, and immune systems. Genetic and functional studies have implicated TRPC1 in diabetic nephropathy, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, cancer, seizures, and Darier-White skin disease. PMID:24756701

  10. 26 CFR 1.1-1 - Income tax on individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Income tax on individuals. 1.1-1 Section 1.1-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-1 Income tax on individuals. (a) General rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes...

  11. 26 CFR 1.1-1 - Income tax on individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Income tax on individuals. 1.1-1 Section 1.1-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-1 Income tax on individuals. (a) General rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes...

  12. 26 CFR 1.1-1 - Income tax on individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Income tax on individuals. 1.1-1 Section 1.1-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-1 Income tax on individuals. (a) General rule. (1) Section 1 of the Code imposes...

  13. 1-Chlorobutane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1 - Chlorobutane ; CASRN 109 - 69 - 3 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic

  14. Mystery #1

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-22

    ... is approximately 380 kilometers wide. Choose any reference material you like and see if you can answer these questions: 1.   This ... NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington, D.C. The Terra spacecraft is managed ...

  15. Maxie 1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Imhof, William L.; Voss, Henry D.; Chinn, Victor

    1987-12-01

    The satellite flight of the MAXIE-1 (Magnetospheric Atmospheric X-ray Imaging Experiment) instrument is being implemented under ONR (the Office of Naval Research) sponsorship. The MAXIE-1 instrument is being developed as a joint activity of Lockheed, the Aerospace Corporation, and the University of Bergen; much of the Lockheed development has been done under the Independent Research Program. Under ONR sponsorship that institution is responsible for managing the program, for providing spacecraft interface requirements, for providing interface activities undertaken in the last three months. Interactions have continued with co-investigators at the Aerospace Corp. and at the University of Bergen. NASTRAN model calculations, thermal analyses and an updated MAXIE assembly drawing and other drawings have been provided to RCA.

  16. SPITFIRE-1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ryntz, Edward F.

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this effort is to develop low-cost rapid forming superplastic aluminum that will be evaluated in pilot production trials for automotive SPF components. The alloy development study conducted under SPITFIRE-1 showed that the addition of CU or Mn to the base 5083 aluminum alloy refined the grain size, leading to enhanced superplastic properties. In SPITFIRE-2, these alloy variants will be further refined and studied to meet the target properties established earlier in the program. Mechanical properties, component forming and post-forming properties will be evaluated. Also, the alloy production process, including thermomechanical processing (TMP) optimization to reduce production cost, will be investigated during SPITFIRE-2. After identifying preferred compositions and production processing, the most promising alloy will be manufactured into production coils for verification during SPITFIRE-3. Components will be produced from these coils in SPITFIRE-4, and the process and component performance will be assessed.

  17. 26 CFR 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Section 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations §§ 1.7872-11.7872-4...

  18. 26 CFR 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Section 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations §§ 1.7872-11.7872-4...

  19. 26 CFR 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Section 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations §§ 1.7872-11.7872-4...

  20. 26 CFR 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Section 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES General Actuarial Valuations §§ 1.7872-11.7872-4...

  1. 26 CFR 1.453-1-1.453-2 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1.453-1-1.453-2 Section 1.453-1-1.453-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included §§ 1.453-11.453-2...

  2. 26 CFR 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Section 1.7872-1-1.7872-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations §§ 1.7872-11.7872-4...

  3. Methane dissociation on Pt(1 1 1), Ir(1 1 1) and PtIr(1 1 1) surface: A density functional theory study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Qi, Qiuhong; Wang, Xiujun; Chen, Li; Li, Baitao

    2013-11-01

    A periodic density functional theory (DFT) was utilized to calculate the dissociation process of methane (CH4) on Pt(1 1 1), Ir(1 1 1) and PtIr(1 1 1) surfaces. As compared to the adsorption energy, the most stable configurations of methane, methane dissociation species and co-adsorption of CHx (x = 0-3) with H were obtained. The kinetic results of the CH4 dissociation indicated that the dissociating of CH4 into CH3 and H is the rate-limiting step on the PtIr(1 1 1) and Ir(1 1 1) surfaces. CH was the most abundant species that was difficult to dehydrogenate into C and H. Particularly, the activation barrier for CH3 → CH2 + H and CH2 → CH + H on the Pt(1 1 1) surface is 3.5 and 1.4 times, respectively, higher than that on the PtIr(1 1 1) surface. According to the thermodynamics principles, the successive dehydrogenation of CH4 preferred to take place on the PtIr surface.

  4. Theoretical study of NH3 decomposition on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) and Cu-Pd (1 1 1) surfaces: A comparison with clean Pd (1 1 1) and Cu (1 1 1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jiang, Zhao; Qin, Pei; Fang, Tao

    2016-05-01

    The adsorption and successive dehydrogenation mechanisms of NH3 on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) and Cu-Pd (1 1 1) surfaces (the Pd atoms substitution of the first and second layers of Cu (1 1 1) surfaces) have been systematically investigated by density functional theory (DFT) method with a periodic slab model. All possible adsorption configurations of relevant intermediates on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) and Cu-Pd (1 1 1) surfaces are identified. It is revealed that the adsorption configurations and corresponding adsorption energies of adsorbates are slightly changed on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) and Cu-Pd (1 1 1) surfaces. The adsorption energies of NHx(x = 0-3) species exhibit the following trend: NH3 < NH2 < NH < N. Then, the minimum energy path for the complete dehydrogenation of NH3 into adsorbed N and H is identified to explore the dehydrogenation mechanisms on different surfaces. The highest energy barrier and reaction energy on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) surface are greatly reduced to 1.56 and 0.99 eV, implying that the complete dehydrogenation of NH3 on Pd-Cu (1 1 1) surface is favorable both kinetically and thermodynamically, namely, the doped-Pd atoms in the first layer are the reaction active center. Compared to that on clean Pd (1 1 1) and Cu (1 1 1) surfaces, it is found that the synergistic effect exits in different layers of catalyst surfaces. The calculated results show that the layer-substituted Pd atoms on the surface of Cu catalysts exhibit a better catalytic activity for NH3 dehydrogenation compared to the clean Cu (1 1 1) surface.

  5. 26 CFR 1.453-1-1.453-2 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1.453-1-1.453-2 Section 1.453-1-1.453-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included §§ 1.453-11.453-2...

  6. 26 CFR 1.453-1-1.453-2 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 1.453-1-1.453-2 Section 1.453-1-1.453-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included §§ 1.453-11.453-2...

  7. 26 CFR 1.453-1-1.453-2 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1.453-1-1.453-2 Section 1.453-1-1.453-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included §§ 1.453-11.453-2...

  8. 26 CFR 1.453-1-1.453-2 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1.453-1-1.453-2 Section 1.453-1-1.453-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included §§ 1.453-11.453-2...

  9. 31 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Money and... § 1.1 General. (a) Purpose and scope. (1) This subpart contains the regulations of the Department of... legal counsel to the components listed in paragraphs (a)(1)(i)(W), (a)(1)(i)(X), (a)(1)(i)(Y), and...

  10. 41 CFR 51-1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Policy. 51-1.1 Section 51-1.1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 1-GENERAL § 51-1.1 Policy. (a) It...

  11. 41 CFR 51-1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Policy. 51-1.1 Section 51-1.1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 1-GENERAL § 51-1.1 Policy. (a) It is...

  12. 41 CFR 51-1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Policy. 51-1.1 Section 51-1.1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 1-GENERAL § 51-1.1 Policy. (a) It is...

  13. 26 CFR 1.316-1 - Dividends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... an example of the treatment of the distribution to Corporation P see paragraph (b)(2)(iii) of § 1.562... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dividends. 1.316-1 Section 1.316-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Definitions; Constructive Ownership of Stock § 1.316-1 Dividends. (a)(1) The...

  14. 26 CFR 1.316-1 - Dividends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... an example of the treatment of the distribution to Corporation P see paragraph (b)(2)(iii) of § 1.562... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Dividends. 1.316-1 Section 1.316-1 Internal... TAXES (Continued) Definitions; Constructive Ownership of Stock § 1.316-1 Dividends. (a)(1) The...

  15. 24 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part 1 is to effectuate...

  16. 16 CFR 1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Policy. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commercial Practices... Guidance Advisory Opinions § 1.1 Policy. (a) Any person, partnership, or corporation may request advice... Commission's views, where practicable, under the following circumstances. (1) The matter involves...

  17. 24 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part 1 is to effectuate...

  18. 16 CFR 1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commercial Practices... Guidance Advisory Opinions § 1.1 Policy. (a) Any person, partnership, or corporation may request advice... Commission's views, where practicable, under the following circumstances. (1) The matter involves...

  19. 21 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Food and Drugs FOOD AND... General Provisions § 1.1 General. (a) The provisions of regulations promulgated under the Federal Food... terms when used in regulations promulgated under that act. (c) The definition of package in § 1.20...

  20. 16 CFR 1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Policy. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commercial Practices... Guidance Advisory Opinions § 1.1 Policy. (a) Any person, partnership, or corporation may request advice... Commission's views, where practicable, under the following circumstances. (1) The matter involves...

  1. 24 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part 1 is to effectuate...

  2. 41 CFR 51-1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Policy. 51-1.1 Section 51-1.1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 1-GENERAL § 51-1.1 Policy. (a) It is...

  3. 41 CFR 51-1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policy. 51-1.1 Section 51-1.1 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 1-GENERAL § 51-1.1 Policy. (a) It...

  4. Multifaceted [36]octaphyrin(1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1): deprotonation-induced switching among nonaromatic, Möbius aromatic, and Hückel antiaromatic species.

    PubMed

    Cha, Won-Young; Soya, Takanori; Tanaka, Takayuki; Mori, Hirotaka; Hong, Yongseok; Lee, Sangsu; Park, Kyu Hyung; Osuka, Atsuhiro; Kim, Dongho

    2016-05-01

    Deprotonation of nonaromatic octakis-(pentafluorophenyl)-substituted [36]octaphyrin(1.1.1.1.1.1.1.1) with tetrabutylammonium fluoride (TBAF) afforded monoanionic twisted Möbius aromatic species and dianinonic square Hückel antiaromatic species, depending upon the amount of TBAF. PMID:27067645

  5. 16 CFR 1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commercial Practices... Guidance Advisory Opinions § 1.1 Policy. (a) Any person, partnership, or corporation may request advice... Commission's views, where practicable, under the following circumstances. (1) The matter involves...

  6. 24 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part 1 is to effectuate...

  7. 8 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this... Service means the Immigration and Naturalization Service, as it existed prior to March 1, 2003....

  8. 24 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development... TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part 1 is to effectuate...

  9. 16 CFR 1.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commercial Practices... Guidance Advisory Opinions § 1.1 Policy. (a) Any person, partnership, or corporation may request advice... Commission's views, where practicable, under the following circumstances. (1) The matter involves...

  10. 43 CFR 1784.1-1 - Establishment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Establishment. 1784.1-1 Section 1784.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) COOPERATIVE RELATIONS Advisory Committees § 1784.1-1... Secretary has— (1) Determined as a matter of formal record, after consultation with the General...

  11. 43 CFR 2563.1-1 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Application. 2563.1-1 Section 2563.1-1... § 2563.1-1 Application. (a) Form and contents of applications. Applications under the Act of March 3... facts: (1) The age and citizenship of applicant. (2) The actual use and occupancy of the land for...

  12. 43 CFR 2563.1-1 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Application. 2563.1-1 Section 2563.1-1... § 2563.1-1 Application. (a) Form and contents of applications. Applications under the Act of March 3... facts: (1) The age and citizenship of applicant. (2) The actual use and occupancy of the land for...

  13. 43 CFR 1784.1-1 - Establishment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Establishment. 1784.1-1 Section 1784.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) COOPERATIVE RELATIONS Advisory Committees § 1784.1-1... Secretary has— (1) Determined as a matter of formal record, after consultation with the General...

  14. 43 CFR 9180.1-1 - Meridians.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Meridians. 9180.1-1 Section 9180.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) CADASTRAL SURVEY Cadastral Surveys; General § 9180.1-1... production, in accordance with section 1 of the Act of August 24, 1912 (37 Stat. 497), as amended (5...

  15. 26 CFR 2.1-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 14 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Definitions. 2.1-1 Section 2.1-1 Internal... CONSTRUCTION RESERVE FUND § 2.1-1 Definitions. (a) As used in the regulations in this part, except as otherwise expressly provided— (1) Act means the Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended (46 U.S.C. 27). (2)...

  16. 43 CFR 2563.1-1 - Application.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Application. 2563.1-1 Section 2563.1-1... § 2563.1-1 Application. (a) Form and contents of applications. Applications under the Act of March 3... facts: (1) The age and citizenship of applicant. (2) The actual use and occupancy of the land for...

  17. 43 CFR 1784.1-1 - Establishment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Establishment. 1784.1-1 Section 1784.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL MANAGEMENT (1000) COOPERATIVE RELATIONS Advisory Committees § 1784.1-1... Secretary has— (1) Determined as a matter of formal record, after consultation with the General...

  18. 15 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce THE SEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to describe the seal of the Department of Commerce and to...

  19. 23 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement and carry out the provisions of Federal...

  20. 17 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Definitions § 1.1...

  1. 25 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROCEDURES AND PRACTICE APPLICABILITY OF RULES OF THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS § 1.1...

  2. 36 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1.1 Purpose. (a) The regulations in this chapter provide for the proper use, management,...

  3. 27 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE... OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Scope § 1.1 General....

  4. 8 CFR 1.1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Applicability. 1.1 Section 1.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Applicability. This part further defines some of the terms already described in section 101 and other sections of the...

  5. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  6. 17 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Definitions § 1.1...

  7. 17 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Definitions § 1.1...

  8. 23 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement and carry out the provisions of Federal...

  9. 15 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce THE SEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to describe the seal of the Department of Commerce and to...

  10. 8 CFR 1.1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Applicability. 1.1 Section 1.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Applicability. This part further defines some of the terms already described in section 101 and other sections of the...

  11. 43 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PRACTICES BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR § 1.1 Purpose. This part governs the participation of individuals in proceedings, both formal and informal,...

  12. 25 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROCEDURES AND PRACTICE APPLICABILITY OF RULES OF THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS § 1.1...

  13. 43 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PRACTICES BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR § 1.1 Purpose. This part governs the participation of individuals in proceedings, both formal and informal,...

  14. 44 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... implementation of paragraph (a) is contained in 44 CFR part 5, subpart B. (c) This part contains policies and... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1... GENERAL RULEMAKING; POLICY AND PROCEDURES General § 1.1 Purpose. (a) This part contains the basic...

  15. 15 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce THE SEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to describe the seal of the Department of Commerce and to...

  16. 8 CFR 1.1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Applicability. 1.1 Section 1.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Applicability. This part further defines some of the terms already described in section 101 and other sections of the...

  17. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  18. 49 CFR 1.1 - Overview.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Overview. 1.1 Section 1.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES General § 1.1 Overview. This part describes the organization of the United States Department of Transportation...

  19. 25 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true 1.1 Section 1.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROCEDURES AND PRACTICE APPLICABILITY OF RULES OF THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS § 1.1...

  20. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  1. 27 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE... OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Scope § 1.1 General....

  2. 49 CFR 1.1 - Overview.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Overview. 1.1 Section 1.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES General § 1.1 Overview. This part describes the organization of the United States Department of Transportation...

  3. 44 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... implementation of paragraph (a) is contained in 44 CFR part 5, subpart B. (c) This part contains policies and... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1... GENERAL RULEMAKING; POLICY AND PROCEDURES General § 1.1 Purpose. (a) This part contains the basic...

  4. 43 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PRACTICES BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR § 1.1 Purpose. This part governs the participation of individuals in proceedings, both formal and informal,...

  5. 36 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1.1 Purpose. (a) The regulations in this chapter provide for the proper use, management,...

  6. 27 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE... OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Scope § 1.1 General....

  7. 49 CFR 1.1 - Overview.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Overview. 1.1 Section 1.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES General § 1.1 Overview. This part describes the organization of the United States Department of Transportation...

  8. 44 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... implementation of paragraph (a) is contained in 44 CFR part 5, subpart B. (c) This part contains policies and... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1... GENERAL RULEMAKING; POLICY AND PROCEDURES General § 1.1 Purpose. (a) This part contains the basic...

  9. 36 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1.1 Purpose. (a) The regulations in this chapter provide for the proper use, management,...

  10. 23 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement and carry out the provisions of Federal...

  11. 43 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PRACTICES BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR § 1.1 Purpose. This part governs the participation of individuals in proceedings, both formal and informal,...

  12. 36 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1.1 Purpose. (a) The regulations in this chapter provide for the proper use, management,...

  13. 15 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce THE SEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to describe the seal of the Department of Commerce and to...

  14. 44 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... implementation of paragraph (a) is contained in 44 CFR part 5, subpart B. (c) This part contains policies and... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1... GENERAL RULEMAKING; POLICY AND PROCEDURES General § 1.1 Purpose. (a) This part contains the basic...

  15. 8 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL PROVISIONS DEFINITIONS § 1.1 Definitions. As used in this...) The term Service means the Immigration and Naturalization Service, as it existed prior to March...

  16. 36 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GENERAL PROVISIONS § 1.1 Purpose. (a) The regulations in this chapter provide for the proper use, management,...

  17. 27 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE... OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Scope § 1.1 General....

  18. 27 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE... OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Scope § 1.1 General....

  19. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  20. 17 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Definitions § 1.1...

  1. 23 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement and carry out the provisions of Federal...

  2. 30 CFR 1.1 - Official emblem.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Official emblem. 1.1 Section 1.1 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR OFFICIAL EMBLEM AND OMB CONTROL NUMBERS... OFFICIAL EMBLEM § 1.1 Official emblem. The following emblem is established and shall be used as...

  3. 43 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior PRACTICES BEFORE THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR § 1.1 Purpose. This part governs the participation of individuals in proceedings, both formal and informal,...

  4. 15 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce THE SEAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of this part is to describe the seal of the Department of Commerce and to...

  5. 49 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES General § 1.1 Purpose. This part describes the organization of the Department of Transportation and provides for...

  6. 49 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES General § 1.1 Purpose. This part describes the organization of the Department of Transportation and provides for...

  7. 23 CFR 1.1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Purpose. 1.1 Section 1.1 Highways FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION GENERAL § 1.1 Purpose. The purpose of the regulations in this part is to implement and carry out the provisions of Federal...

  8. 25 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROCEDURES AND PRACTICE APPLICABILITY OF RULES OF THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS § 1.1...

  9. 25 CFR 1.1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 1.1 Section 1.1 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROCEDURES AND PRACTICE APPLICABILITY OF RULES OF THE BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS § 1.1...

  10. 21 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Food and Drugs FOOD AND... General Provisions § 1.1 General. (a) The provisions of regulations promulgated under the Federal Food... in §§ 101.1, 201.60, 501.1, 701.10 and 801.60 of this chapter; and the requirements pertaining...

  11. 18 CFR 1b.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Section 1b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.1 Definitions. For purposes of this part— (a... pipelines, electric utilities and hydroelectric projects....

  12. 18 CFR 1b.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Section 1b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.1 Definitions. For purposes of this part— (a... pipelines, electric utilities and hydroelectric projects....

  13. 18 CFR 1b.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Section 1b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.1 Definitions. For purposes of this part— (a... pipelines, electric utilities and hydroelectric projects....

  14. 18 CFR 1b.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Section 1b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.1 Definitions. For purposes of this part— (a... pipelines, electric utilities and hydroelectric projects....

  15. 18 CFR 1b.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 1b.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY GENERAL RULES RULES RELATING TO INVESTIGATIONS § 1b.1 Definitions. For purposes of this part— (a... pipelines, electric utilities and hydroelectric projects....

  16. Metabolism of 1-fluoro-1,1,2-trichloroethane, 1,2-dichloro-1,1-difluoroethane, and 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-chloroethane.

    PubMed

    Yin, H; Jones, J P; Anders, M W

    1995-03-01

    1-Fluoro-1,1,2-trichloroethane (HCFC-131a), 1,2-dichloro-1,1-difluoroethane (HCFC-132b), and 1,1,1-trifluoro-2-chloroethane (HCFC-133a) were chosen as models for comparative metabolism studies on 1,1,1,2-tetrahaloethanes, which are under consideration as replacements for ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Male Fischer 344 rats were given 10 mmol/kg ip HCFC-131a or HCFC-132b or exposed by inhalation to 1% HCFC-133a for 2 h. Urine collected in the first 24 h after exposure was analyzed by 19F NMR and GC/MS and with a fluoride-selective ion electrode for the formation of fluorine-containing metabolites. Metabolites of HCFC-131a included 2,2-dichloro-2-fluoroethyl glucuronide, 2,2-dichloro-2-fluoroethyl sulfate, dichlorofluoroacetic acid, and inorganic fluoride. Metabolites of HCFC-132b were characterized as 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethyl glucuronide, 2-chloro-2,2-difluoroethyl sulfate, chlorodifluoroacetic acid, chlorodifluoroacetaldehyde hydrate, chlorodifluoroacetaldehyde-urea adduct, and inorganic fluoride. HCFC-133a was metabolized to 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl glucuronide, trifluoroacetic acid, trifluoroacetaldehyde hydrate, trifluoroacetaldehyde-urea adduct, inorganic fluoride, and a minor, unidentified metabolite. With HCFC-131a and HCFC-132b, glucuronide conjugates of 2,2,2-trihaloethanols were the major urinary metabolites, whereas with HCFC-133a, a trifluoroacetaldehyde-urea adduct was the major urinary metabolite. Analysis of metabolite distribution in vivo indicated that aldehydic metabolites increased as fluorine substitution increased in the order HCFC-131a < HCFC-132b < HCFC-133a. With NADPH-fortified rat liver microsomes, HCFC-133a and HCFC-132b were biotransformed to trifluoroacetaldehyde and chlorodifluoroacetaldehyde, respectively, whereas HCFC-131a was converted to dichlorofluoroacetic acid. No covalently bound metabolites were detected by 19F NMR spectroscopy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7766810

  17. Safety in the Laboratory: 1,1,1-Trichloroethane.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothchild, Robert

    1983-01-01

    Discusses use of 1,1,1-trichloroethane as a substitute for carbon tetrachloride. Provides information on additives to commercially supplied sources in relation to possible reaction interferences. Warns of toxicity and possible carcinogenic action. (JM)

  18. 21 CFR 1.1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false General. 1.1 Section 1.1 Food and Drugs FOOD AND... General Provisions § 1.1 General. (a) The provisions of regulations promulgated under the Federal Food... promulgated under that act. (c) The definition of package in § 1.20 and of principal display panel in §§...

  19. 43 CFR 2812.1-1 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Filing. 2812.1-1 Section 2812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT... Bay Revested Lands § 2812.1-1 Filing. (a) An application for a permit for a right-of-way over the...

  20. 43 CFR 3452.1-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false General. 3452.1-1 Section 3452.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT..., and Termination § 3452.1-1 General. The lessee may surrender the entire lease, a legal...

  1. 45 CFR 1216.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1216.1-1 Section 1216.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE NONDISPLACEMENT OF EMPLOYED WORKERS AND NONIMPAIRMENT OF CONTRACTS FOR SERVICE § 1216.1-1 Purpose. This...

  2. 45 CFR 1210.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1210.1-1 Section 1210.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE VISTA TRAINEE DESELECTION AND VOLUNTEER EARLY TERMINATION PROCEDURES General § 1210.1-1 Purpose. This...

  3. 43 CFR 3440.1-1 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Forms. 3440.1-1 Section 3440.1-1 Public... OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LICENSES TO MINE Licenses to Mine § 3440.1-1 Forms. (a... Bureau of Land Management State Office having jurisdiction over the lands involved (43 CFR subpart...

  4. 43 CFR 2812.1-1 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Filing. 2812.1-1 Section 2812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT... Bay Revested Lands § 2812.1-1 Filing. (a) An application for a permit for a right-of-way over the...

  5. 45 CFR 1220.1-1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Introduction. 1220.1-1 Section 1220.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PAYMENT OF VOLUNTEER LEGAL EXPENSES General § 1220.1-1 Introduction. Section 419 of the Domestic...

  6. 45 CFR 1220.1-1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Introduction. 1220.1-1 Section 1220.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE PAYMENT OF VOLUNTEER LEGAL EXPENSES General § 1220.1-1 Introduction. Section 419 of the Domestic...

  7. 43 CFR 2812.1-1 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Filing. 2812.1-1 Section 2812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT... Bay Revested Lands § 2812.1-1 Filing. (a) An application for a permit for a right-of-way over the...

  8. 43 CFR 3191.1-1 - Petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Petition. 3191.1-1 Section 3191.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT... CONTRACTS FOR OIL AND GAS INSPECTION Delegation of Authority § 3191.1-1 Petition. The Governor or...

  9. IRIS Update Batch 1, Group 1

    EPA Science Inventory

    Update the following IRIS chemical dose-response assessments: Barium (cancer, RfC), o-Cresol (RfD, cancer), carbon disulfied (RfD, RfC), 1,1-Dichloroethane (cancer), 2,4-Dimethylphenol (RfD), 1,4-Dibromobenzene (RfD), 1-chloro-1,1-difluroelfane (RfC, Acetyl chloride (cancer),2,4...

  10. 26 CFR 1.875-1 - Partnerships.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Partnerships. 1.875-1 Section 1.875-1 Internal... TAXES Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Corporations § 1.875-1 Partnerships. Whether a nonresident alien individual who is a member of a partnership is taxable in accordance with subsection (a), (b), or (c)...

  11. 45 CFR 1211.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 1211.1-1 Section 1211.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE VOLUNTEER GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES § 1211.1-1 Purpose. This part establishes procedures under which certain...

  12. 45 CFR 1211.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Purpose. 1211.1-1 Section 1211.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE VOLUNTEER GRIEVANCE PROCEDURES § 1211.1-1 Purpose. This part establishes procedures under which certain...

  13. 26 CFR 1.581-1 - Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Banks. 1.581-1 Section 1.581-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.581-1 Banks. (a) In order to be a bank as defined in section 581,...

  14. 43 CFR 3452.1-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false General. 3452.1-1 Section 3452.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT..., and Termination § 3452.1-1 General. The lessee may surrender the entire lease, a legal...

  15. 43 CFR 3440.1-1 - Forms.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Forms. 3440.1-1 Section 3440.1-1 Public... OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LICENSES TO MINE Licenses to Mine § 3440.1-1 Forms. (a... Bureau of Land Management State Office having jurisdiction over the lands involved (43 CFR subpart...

  16. 43 CFR 3191.1-1 - Petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Petition. 3191.1-1 Section 3191.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT... CONTRACTS FOR OIL AND GAS INSPECTION Delegation of Authority § 3191.1-1 Petition. The Governor or...

  17. 26 CFR 1.936-1 - Elections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Elections. 1.936-1 Section 1.936-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Possessions of the United States § 1.936-1 Elections. (a) Making an election. A domestic corporation shall make an election under section 936(e), for any taxable year beginning...

  18. 26 CFR 1.936-1 - Elections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Elections. 1.936-1 Section 1.936-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Possessions of the United States § 1.936-1 Elections. (a) Making an election. A domestic corporation shall make an election under section 936(e), for any taxable year beginning...

  19. 26 CFR 1.936-1 - Elections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Elections. 1.936-1 Section 1.936-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Possessions of the United States § 1.936-1 Elections. (a) Making an election. A domestic corporation shall make an election under section 936(e), for any taxable year beginning...

  20. 26 CFR 1.936-1 - Elections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Elections. 1.936-1 Section 1.936-1 Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Possessions of the United States § 1.936-1 Elections. (a) Making an election. A domestic corporation shall make an election under section 936(e), for any taxable year beginning...

  1. 26 CFR 1.936-1 - Elections.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Elections. 1.936-1 Section 1.936-1 Internal... TAXES Possessions of the United States § 1.936-1 Elections. (a) Making an election. A domestic corporation shall make an election under section 936(e), for any taxable year beginning after December...

  2. 26 CFR 1.581-1 - Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Banks. 1.581-1 Section 1.581-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.581-1 Banks. (a) In order to be a bank as defined in section 581,...

  3. 26 CFR 1.581-1 - Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Banks. 1.581-1 Section 1.581-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.581-1 Banks. (a) In order to be a bank as defined in section 581,...

  4. 26 CFR 1.581-1 - Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Banks. 1.581-1 Section 1.581-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.581-1 Banks. (a) In order to be a bank as defined in section 581,...

  5. 43 CFR 9185.1-1 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Surveys. 9185.1-1 Section 9185.1-1 Public... OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) CADASTRAL SURVEY Instructions and Methods § 9185.1-1 Surveys. (a) Original surveys. Application for the original extension of the rectangular system of...

  6. 43 CFR 9185.1-1 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Surveys. 9185.1-1 Section 9185.1-1 Public... OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) CADASTRAL SURVEY Instructions and Methods § 9185.1-1 Surveys. (a) Original surveys. Application for the original extension of the rectangular system of...

  7. 43 CFR 9185.1-1 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Surveys. 9185.1-1 Section 9185.1-1 Public... OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) CADASTRAL SURVEY Instructions and Methods § 9185.1-1 Surveys. (a) Original surveys. Application for the original extension of the rectangular system of...

  8. 1 CFR 16.1 - Designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Designation. 16.1 Section 16.1 General... DOCUMENTS AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES § 16.1 Designation. (a) Each agency shall designate, from its officers or...: (1) A liaison officer and an alternate. (2) A certifying officer and an alternate. (3) An...

  9. 1 CFR 20.1 - Liaison officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Liaison officers. 20.1 Section 20.1 General... DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.1 Liaison officers. (a) Each of... United States Government Manual: (1) Agencies of the legislative and judicial branches. (2)...

  10. 1 CFR 5.1 - Publication policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication policy. 5.1 Section 5.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.1 Publication...: (1) Executive orders, proclamations, and other Presidential documents. (2) Documents required to...

  11. 1 CFR 19.1 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Form. 19.1 Section 19.1 General Provisions... ORDERS AND PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS § 19.1 Form. Proposed Executive orders and proclamations shall be... Tracts of Land for Use in Executive Orders and Proclamations,”1 prepared by the Bureau of Land...

  12. 1 CFR 16.1 - Designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Designation. 16.1 Section 16.1 General... DOCUMENTS AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES § 16.1 Designation. (a) Each agency shall designate, from its officers or...: (1) A liaison officer and an alternate. (2) A certifying officer and an alternate. (3) An...

  13. 1 CFR 20.1 - Liaison officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Liaison officers. 20.1 Section 20.1 General... DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.1 Liaison officers. (a) Each of... United States Government Manual: (1) Agencies of the legislative and judicial branches. (2)...

  14. 1 CFR 19.1 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Form. 19.1 Section 19.1 General Provisions... ORDERS AND PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS § 19.1 Form. Proposed Executive orders and proclamations shall be... Tracts of Land for Use in Executive Orders and Proclamations,”1 prepared by the Bureau of Land...

  15. 1 CFR 5.1 - Publication policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Publication policy. 5.1 Section 5.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.1 Publication...: (1) Executive orders, proclamations, and other Presidential documents. (2) Documents required to...

  16. 1 CFR 19.1 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Form. 19.1 Section 19.1 General Provisions... ORDERS AND PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS § 19.1 Form. Proposed Executive orders and proclamations shall be... Tracts of Land for Use in Executive Orders and Proclamations,”1 prepared by the Bureau of Land...

  17. 1 CFR 20.1 - Liaison officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Liaison officers. 20.1 Section 20.1 General... DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.1 Liaison officers. (a) Each of... United States Government Manual: (1) Agencies of the legislative and judicial branches. (2)...

  18. 1 CFR 16.1 - Designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Designation. 16.1 Section 16.1 General... DOCUMENTS AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES § 16.1 Designation. (a) Each agency shall designate, from its officers or...: (1) A liaison officer and an alternate. (2) A certifying officer and an alternate. (3) An...

  19. 1 CFR 5.1 - Publication policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication policy. 5.1 Section 5.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.1 Publication...: (1) Executive orders, proclamations, and other Presidential documents. (2) Documents required to...

  20. 26 CFR 1.581-1 - Banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Banks. 1.581-1 Section 1.581-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Banking Institutions § 1.581-1 Banks. (a) In order to be a bank as defined in section 581,...

  1. 45 CFR 1210.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Purpose. 1210.1-1 Section 1210.1-1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) CORPORATION FOR NATIONAL AND COMMUNITY SERVICE VISTA TRAINEE DESELECTION AND VOLUNTEER EARLY TERMINATION PROCEDURES General § 1210.1-1 Purpose. This...

  2. 26 CFR 1.1481-1 - [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false 1.1481-1 Section 1.1481-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mitigation of Effect of Renegotiation of Government Contracts § 1.1481-1 Tax on Transfers...

  3. 1 CFR 5.1 - Publication policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication policy. 5.1 Section 5.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.1 Publication...: (1) Executive orders, proclamations, and other Presidential documents. (2) Documents required to...

  4. 1 CFR 16.1 - Designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Designation. 16.1 Section 16.1 General... DOCUMENTS AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES § 16.1 Designation. (a) Each agency shall designate, from its officers or...: (1) A liaison officer and an alternate. (2) A certifying officer and an alternate. (3) An...

  5. 1 CFR 5.1 - Publication policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Publication policy. 5.1 Section 5.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL § 5.1 Publication...: (1) Executive orders, proclamations, and other Presidential documents. (2) Documents required to...

  6. 1 CFR 20.1 - Liaison officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Liaison officers. 20.1 Section 20.1 General... DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.1 Liaison officers. (a) Each of... United States Government Manual: (1) Agencies of the legislative and judicial branches. (2)...

  7. 1 CFR 19.1 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form. 19.1 Section 19.1 General Provisions... ORDERS AND PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS § 19.1 Form. Proposed Executive orders and proclamations shall be... Tracts of Land for Use in Executive Orders and Proclamations,”1 prepared by the Bureau of Land...

  8. 1 CFR 20.1 - Liaison officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Liaison officers. 20.1 Section 20.1 General... DOCUMENTS HANDLING OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL STATEMENTS § 20.1 Liaison officers. (a) Each of... United States Government Manual: (1) Agencies of the legislative and judicial branches. (2)...

  9. 1 CFR 19.1 - Form.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Form. 19.1 Section 19.1 General Provisions... ORDERS AND PRESIDENTIAL PROCLAMATIONS § 19.1 Form. Proposed Executive orders and proclamations shall be... Tracts of Land for Use in Executive Orders and Proclamations,”1 prepared by the Bureau of Land...

  10. 1 CFR 16.1 - Designation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designation. 16.1 Section 16.1 General... DOCUMENTS AGENCY REPRESENTATIVES § 16.1 Designation. (a) Each agency shall designate, from its officers or...: (1) A liaison officer and an alternate. (2) A certifying officer and an alternate. (3) An...

  11. 26 CFR 1.535-1 - Definition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Definition. 1.535-1 Section 1.535-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Corporations Used to Avoid Income Tax on Shareholders § 1.535-1 Definition. (a)...

  12. 43 CFR 3135.1-1 - Transfers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Transfers. 3135.1-1 Section 3135.1-1... Transfers, Extensions, Consolidations, and Suspensions § 3135.1-1 Transfers. (a) Subject to approval of the... subdivision, to anyone qualified under §§ 3130.1 and 3132.4 of this title to hold a lease. (b) Any...

  13. 43 CFR 3135.1-1 - Transfers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Transfers. 3135.1-1 Section 3135.1-1... Transfers, Extensions, Consolidations, and Suspensions § 3135.1-1 Transfers. (a) Subject to approval of the... subdivision, to anyone qualified under §§ 3130.1 and 3132.4 of this title to hold a lease. (b) Any...

  14. 43 CFR 3135.1-1 - Transfers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Transfers. 3135.1-1 Section 3135.1-1... Transfers, Extensions, Consolidations, and Suspensions § 3135.1-1 Transfers. (a) Subject to approval of the... subdivision, to anyone qualified under §§ 3130.1 and 3132.4 of this title to hold a lease. (b) Any...

  15. Vapor-liquid equilibria for the systems composed of 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane, 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane, and 1,1,1-trichloroethane at 50.1 C

    SciTech Connect

    Kang, Y.W.; Lee, Y.Y.

    1996-03-01

    Isothermal vapor-liquid equilibria for the three binary systems 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane + 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane, 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane + 1,1,1-trichloroethane, and 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane + 1,1,1-trichloroethane and the ternary system 1-chloro-1,1-difluoromethane + 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane + 1,1,1-trichloroethane have been measured at 50.1 C. The experimental data for the binary systems are correlated with the Peng-Robinson equation of state, and the relevant parameters are presented. The predicted results for the ternary system were found to be in good agreement with the experimental data.

  16. 1 CFR 51.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Register Act (1 CFR Ch. I); and (4) The acts which require publication in the Federal Register (See CFR volume entitled “CFR Index and Finding Aids.”) (c) The Director will assume in carrying out the... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy. 51.1 Section 51.1 General...

  17. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  18. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  19. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  20. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  1. 9 CFR 1.1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... term includes carnivals, circuses, animal acts, zoos, and educational exhibits, exhibiting such animals... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 1.1 Section 1.1 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  2. 48 CFR 1.602-1 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Authority. 1.602-1 Section 1.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities...

  3. 1 CFR 3.1 - Information services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Information services. 3.1 Section 3.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC § 3.1 Information services. Except in cases where the time required would be excessive, information concerning...

  4. 1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.1 Federal Register. (a) Copies of the daily... Federal Register Index and LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected) are included with each Federal Register... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1...

  5. 1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.1 Federal Register. (a) Copies of the daily... Federal Register Index and LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected) are included with each Federal Register... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1...

  6. 1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.1 Federal Register. (a) Copies of the daily... Federal Register Index and LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected) are included with each Federal Register... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1...

  7. 48 CFR 1.602-1 - Authority.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Authority. 1.602-1 Section 1.602-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION GENERAL FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities...

  8. 1 CFR 8.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Policy. 8.1 Section 8.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.1 Policy. (a) Pursuant to chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, the Director of...

  9. 1 CFR 3.1 - Information services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Information services. 3.1 Section 3.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC § 3.1 Information services. Except in cases where the time required would be excessive, information concerning...

  10. 1 CFR 3.1 - Information services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Information services. 3.1 Section 3.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC § 3.1 Information services. Except in cases where the time required would be excessive, information concerning...

  11. 1 CFR 10.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Publication required. 10.1 Section 10.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Regular Publication § 10.1 Publication required. The Director publishes a special...

  12. 1 CFR 3.1 - Information services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Information services. 3.1 Section 3.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC § 3.1 Information services. Except in cases where the time required would be excessive, information concerning...

  13. 1 CFR 21.1 - Drafting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Drafting. 21.1 Section 21.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTS SUBJECT TO CODIFICATION General § 21.1 Drafting. (a) Each agency that prepares...

  14. 1 CFR 304.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false General provisions. 304.1 Section 304.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 304.1 General provisions. (a) This...

  15. 1 CFR 456.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Introduction. 456.1 Section 456.1 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.1 Introduction. The following regulations implement the Freedom of Information Act,...

  16. 1 CFR 10.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication required. 10.1 Section 10.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Regular Publication § 10.1 Publication required. The Director publishes a special...

  17. 1 CFR 15.1 - Cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Cooperation. 15.1 Section 15.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES General § 15.1 Cooperation. The Director of the Federal...

  18. 1 CFR 304.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true General provisions. 304.1 Section 304.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 304.1 General provisions. (a) This...

  19. 1 CFR 9.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication required. 9.1 Section 9.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL § 9.1 Publication required. (a) The Director publishes a special...

  20. 1 CFR 51.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Register Act (1 CFR Ch. I); and (4) The acts which require publication in the Federal Register (See CFR volume entitled “CFR Index and Finding Aids.”) (c) The Director will assume in carrying out the... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Policy. 51.1 Section 51.1 General...

  1. 1 CFR 456.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Introduction. 456.1 Section 456.1 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.1 Introduction. The following regulations implement the Freedom of Information Act,...

  2. 1 CFR 21.1 - Drafting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Drafting. 21.1 Section 21.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTS SUBJECT TO CODIFICATION General § 21.1 Drafting. (a) Each agency that prepares...

  3. 1 CFR 21.1 - Drafting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Drafting. 21.1 Section 21.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTS SUBJECT TO CODIFICATION General § 21.1 Drafting. (a) Each agency that prepares...

  4. 1 CFR 8.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Policy. 8.1 Section 8.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.1 Policy. (a) Pursuant to chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, the Director of...

  5. 1 CFR 10.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication required. 10.1 Section 10.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Regular Publication § 10.1 Publication required. The Director publishes a special...

  6. 1 CFR 8.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Policy. 8.1 Section 8.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.1 Policy. (a) Pursuant to chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, the Director of...

  7. 1 CFR 51.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Register Act (1 CFR Ch. I); and (4) The acts which require publication in the Federal Register (See CFR volume entitled “CFR Index and Finding Aids.”) (c) The Director will assume in carrying out the... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Policy. 51.1 Section 51.1 General...

  8. 1 CFR 15.1 - Cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Cooperation. 15.1 Section 15.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES General § 15.1 Cooperation. The Director of the Federal...

  9. 1 CFR 456.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Introduction. 456.1 Section 456.1 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.1 Introduction. The following regulations implement the Freedom of Information Act,...

  10. 1 CFR 15.1 - Cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Cooperation. 15.1 Section 15.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES General § 15.1 Cooperation. The Director of the Federal...

  11. 1 CFR 9.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Publication required. 9.1 Section 9.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL § 9.1 Publication required. (a) The Director publishes a special...

  12. 1 CFR 9.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Publication required. 9.1 Section 9.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL § 9.1 Publication required. (a) The Director publishes a special...

  13. 1 CFR 304.1 - General provisions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true General provisions. 304.1 Section 304.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES DISCLOSURE OF RECORDS OR INFORMATION Procedures for Disclosure of Records Under the Freedom of Information Act § 304.1 General provisions. (a) This...

  14. 1 CFR 10.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Publication required. 10.1 Section 10.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Regular Publication § 10.1 Publication required. The Director publishes a special...

  15. 1 CFR 8.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy. 8.1 Section 8.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.1 Policy. (a) Pursuant to chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, the Director of...

  16. 1 CFR 15.1 - Cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Cooperation. 15.1 Section 15.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES General § 15.1 Cooperation. The Director of the Federal...

  17. 1 CFR 456.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Introduction. 456.1 Section 456.1 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.1 Introduction. The following regulations implement the Freedom of Information Act,...

  18. 1 CFR 51.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Register Act (1 CFR Ch. I); and (4) The acts which require publication in the Federal Register (See CFR volume entitled “CFR Index and Finding Aids.”) (c) The Director will assume in carrying out the... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 51.1 Section 51.1 General...

  19. 1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Federal Register Index and LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected) are included with each Federal Register... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1 General... PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.1 Federal Register. (a) Copies of the...

  20. 1 CFR 21.1 - Drafting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Drafting. 21.1 Section 21.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTS SUBJECT TO CODIFICATION General § 21.1 Drafting. (a) Each agency that prepares...

  1. 1 CFR 9.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Publication required. 9.1 Section 9.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL § 9.1 Publication required. The Director of the Federal Register...

  2. 1 CFR 21.1 - Drafting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Drafting. 21.1 Section 21.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS PREPARATION OF DOCUMENTS SUBJECT TO CODIFICATION General § 21.1 Drafting. (a) Each agency that prepares...

  3. 1 CFR 15.1 - Cooperation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cooperation. 15.1 Section 15.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PREPARATION, TRANSMITTAL, AND PROCESSING OF DOCUMENTS SERVICES TO FEDERAL AGENCIES General § 15.1 Cooperation. The Director of the Federal...

  4. 1 CFR 456.1 - Introduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Introduction. 456.1 Section 456.1 General Provisions MISCELLANEOUS AGENCIES NATIONAL CAPITAL PLANNING COMMISSION (FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT REGULATIONS) § 456.1 Introduction. The following regulations implement the Freedom of Information Act,...

  5. 1 CFR 51.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Register Act (1 CFR Ch. I); and (4) The acts which require publication in the Federal Register (See CFR volume entitled “CFR Index and Finding Aids.”) (c) The Director will assume in carrying out the... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Policy. 51.1 Section 51.1 General...

  6. 1 CFR 10.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication required. 10.1 Section 10.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Regular Publication § 10.1 Publication required. The Director publishes a special...

  7. 1 CFR 9.1 - Publication required.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Publication required. 9.1 Section 9.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT MANUAL § 9.1 Publication required. The Director of the Federal Register...

  8. 1 CFR 3.1 - Information services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Information services. 3.1 Section 3.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER GENERAL SERVICES TO THE PUBLIC § 3.1 Information services. Except in cases where the time required would be excessive, information concerning...

  9. 1 CFR 8.1 - Policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Policy. 8.1 Section 8.1 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS § 8.1 Policy. (a) Pursuant to chapter 15 of title 44, United States Code, the Director of...

  10. 1 CFR 12.1 - Federal Register.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Federal Register Index and LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected) are included with each Federal Register... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Federal Register. 12.1 Section 12.1 General... PUBLICATIONS OFFICIAL DISTRIBUTION WITHIN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT § 12.1 Federal Register. (a) Copies of the...

  11. Synthesis and acid-catalyzed transformations of 1-(1,6,6-trimethylbicyclo(2. 1. 1)hex-5-yl)-1-alkanones and 1-(1,6,6-trimethylbicyclo-(2. 1. 1)hex-5-yl)-1-alken-1-ones

    SciTech Connect

    Volkova, O.O.; Cherkaev, G.V.; Novikov, N.A.; Erman, M.B.; Aul'chenko, I.S.; Mochalin, V.B.

    1988-06-20

    The reaction of 1,6,6-trimethylbicyclo(2.1.1)hexane-5-carbaldehyde (photocitral B) with Grignard reagents followed by oxidation of the obtained alcohols gave 1-(1,6,6-trimethylbicyclo(2.1.1)hex-5-yl)-1-alkanones and 1-(1,6,6-trimethylbicyclo(2.1.1)hex-5-yl)-1-alken-1-ones, which isomerize to 1-(2,3,3-trimethyl-1-cyclopentenyl)-2-alkanones when heated in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid. It was shown that the intermediate compounds in this reaction are 1-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopentenyl)-2-alkanones. Underanalogous conditions photocitral B isomerizes to /alpha/-campholenaldehyde.

  12. 43 CFR 3109.1-1 - Generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Generally. 3109.1-1 Section 3109.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Leasing Under Special Acts § 3109.1-1 Generally. The Act of May 21, 1930 (30 U.S.C. 301-306), authorizes either the leasing of oil...

  13. 43 CFR 3109.1-1 - Generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Generally. 3109.1-1 Section 3109.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Leasing Under Special Acts § 3109.1-1 Generally. The Act of May 21, 1930 (30 U.S.C. 301-306), authorizes either the leasing of oil...

  14. 43 CFR 3109.1-1 - Generally.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Generally. 3109.1-1 Section 3109.1-1..., DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) OIL AND GAS LEASING Leasing Under Special Acts § 3109.1-1 Generally. The Act of May 21, 1930 (30 U.S.C. 301-306), authorizes either the leasing of oil...

  15. Highly selective and potent agonists of sphingosine-1-phosphate 1 (S1P1) receptor.

    PubMed

    Vachal, Petr; Toth, Leslie M; Hale, Jeffrey J; Yan, Lin; Mills, Sander G; Chrebet, Gary L; Koehane, Carol A; Hajdu, Richard; Milligan, James A; Rosenbach, Mark J; Mandala, Suzanne

    2006-07-15

    Novel series of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor agonists were developed through a systematic SAR aimed to achieve high selectivity for a single member of the S1P family of receptors, S1P1. The optimized structure represents a highly S1P1-selective and efficacious agonist: S1P1/S1P2, S1P1/S1P3, S1P1/S1P4>10,000-fold, S1P1/S1P5>600-fold, while EC50 (S1P1) <0.2 nM. In vivo experiments are consistent with S1P1 receptor agonism alone being sufficient for achieving desired lymphocyte-lowering effect.

  16. 48 CFR 1.603-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 1.603-1 General... procurement career management program and a system for the selection, appointment, and termination...

  17. APE1/Ref-1: versatility in progress.

    PubMed

    Jeon, Byeong Hwa; Irani, Kaikobad

    2009-03-01

    Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved in base excision DNA repair and in transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Over the past decade and a half, knowledge of the biological functions, interactions, mechanisms of action, and regulation of the protein APE1/Ref-1 has grown exponentially. The multifunctional nature of APE1/Ref-1 is uncovering and has been extensively studied in the cellular response against oxidative stress. Recent evidence shows a biological role of APE1/Ref-1 can be modulated by the different post-translational modification. Because of APE1/Ref-1 importance to genomic stability and cell survival, APE1/Ref-1 is focused as the leading therapeutic target molecule for the oxidative stress condition or pathologic conditions such as cancer. This forum, dedicated to APE1/Ref-1, provides ample testimony that even though we have learned a great deal about APE1/Ref-1 over the past 15-plus years, our knowledge still constitutes the tip of the iceberg when it comes to understanding this versatile protein.

  18. 48 CFR 1.603-1 - General.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM Career Development, Contracting Authority, and Responsibilities 1.603-1 General... procurement career management program and a system for the selection, appointment, and termination...

  19. Inhibited 1,1,1-trichloroethane replaces trichloroethylene for degreasing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schuler, F. T.

    1970-01-01

    In fight against air pollution inhibited TCE /1,1,1-trichloroethane/ is effective substitute for trichloroethylene in degreasing plants. This chemical has only slight photochemical activity and causes little eye irritation. TCE is less toxic than trichloroethylene and can withstand production loads and conditions, or long term storage, without degradation.

  20. Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) 1.1 and 1.1A, volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rebells, Clarence A.

    1988-01-01

    This final test report presents the results obtained during the static hot firing and cold-gas high Q tests of the first Transient Pressure Test Article (TPTA) 1.1. The TPTA consisted of field test joints A and B, which were the original RSRM J-insulation configuration, with a metal capture feature. It also consisted of a flight configuration nozzle-to-case test joint (Joint D) with shorter vent slots. Fluorocarbon O-rings were used in all the test joints. The purpose of the TPTA tests is to evaluate and characterize the RSMR field and nozzle-to-case joints under the influence of ignition and strut loads during liftoff anf high Q. All objectives of the cold-gas high Q (TPTA 1.1A) test were met and all measurements were close to predicted values. During the static hot-firing test (TPTA 1.1), the motor was inadvertently plugged by the quench injector plug, making it a more severe test, although no strut loads were applied. The motor was depressurized after approximately 11 min using an auxiliary system, and no anomalies were noted. In the static hot-firing test, pressure was incident on the insulation and the test joint gaps were within the predicted range. During the static hot-firing test, no strut loads were applied because the loading system malfunctioned. For this test, all measurements were within range of similar tests performed without strut loads.

  1. 43 CFR 9185.1-1 - Surveys.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Surveys. 9185.1-1 Section 9185.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TECHNICAL SERVICES (9000) CADASTRAL SURVEY Instructions and Methods §...

  2. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    DOEpatents

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2011-05-31

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  3. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    DOEpatents

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2008-12-02

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  4. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    DOEpatents

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2012-08-07

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  5. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    DOEpatents

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2011-08-16

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  6. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2014-03-18

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  7. Variant humicola grisea CBH1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Goedegebuur, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Edmund, Larenas

    2014-09-09

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  8. 43 CFR 2812.1-1 - Filing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Filing. 2812.1-1 Section 2812.1-1 Public Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) TRAMROADS AND LOGGING ROADS Over O. and C. and...

  9. Superconformal SU(1, 1|n) mechanics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galajinsky, Anton; Lechtenfeld, Olaf

    2016-09-01

    Recent years have seen an upsurge of interest in dynamical realizations of the superconformal group SU(1, 1|2) in mechanics. Remarking that SU(1, 1|2) is a particular member of a chain of supergroups SU(1, 1| n) parametrized by an integer n, here we begin a systematic study of SU(1, 1| n) multi-particle mechanics. A representation of the superconformal algebra su(1, 1| n) is constructed on the phase space spanned by m copies of the (1, 2 n, 2 n-1) supermultiplet. We show that the dynamics is governed by two prepotentials V and F, and the Witten-Dijkgraaf-Verlinde-Verlinde equation for F shows up as a consequence of a more general fourth-order equation. All solutions to the latter in terms of root systems reveal decoupled models only. An extension of the dynamical content of the (1, 2 n, 2 n-1) supermultiplet by angular variables in a way similar to the SU(1, 1|2) case is problematic.

  10. 7 CFR 301.1-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Definitions. 301.1-1 Section 301.1-1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Preemption and Special Need Requests §...

  11. 7 CFR 301.1-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Definitions. 301.1-1 Section 301.1-1 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DOMESTIC QUARANTINE NOTICES Preemption and Special Need Requests §...

  12. Variant Humicola grisea CBH1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Goedegeburr, Frits; Gualfetti, Peter; Mitchinson, Colin; Larenas, Edmund

    2013-02-19

    Disclosed are variants of Humicola grisea Cel7A (CBH1.1), H. jecorina CBH1 variant or S. thermophilium CBH1, nucleic acids encoding the same and methods for producing the same. The variant cellulases have the amino acid sequence of a glycosyl hydrolase of family 7A wherein one or more amino acid residues are substituted.

  13. Get Ready for 1:1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Darcy

    2009-01-01

    Good planning can make or break a successful 1:1 program. The author, a long-time deputy principal with extensive EdTech experience, shares his insights on how to get the most out of 1:1. Read these tips before getting started or improving an existing program.

  14. Analytic cross sections for 1 1S, to 1 1S to 2 1S, 1 1S to 2 1P transitions in helium by electron impact

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sukumar, C. V.; Faisal, F. H. M.

    1971-01-01

    The 1 1s yields 1 1s elastic and 1 1s yields 2 1s and 1 1s yields 2 excitation cross sections of Helium atoms by collision with a charged particle are obtained as analytic functions of incident velocity. The first order time dependent scattering theory is used. Numerical values of electron -He cross sections are obtained for incident energies in the range 30 eV to 800 eV and compared with earlier Born approximation calculations and with available experimental data. It is found that at 100 eV and above, the present results are in good agreement with the experimental results. They are also closer to the experimental results than the corresponding Born calculations.

  15. Angle-resolved photoemission study of Ag(1 1 1)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edamoto, K.; Miyazaki, E.; Shimokoshi, K.; Kato, H.

    1990-01-01

    The (1 1 1) face of Ag has been studied by angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy utilizing synchrotron radiation as the excitation source (25 <= hv <= 50eV). The overlapping Ag 4d bands were deconvolved by the modified FIRO method. The peak positions thus determined are used to map the dispersion curves along the lang1 1 1rang (Γ-L) direction. The results show general agreement with calculated band structure, so far as the energy levels and symmetries are concerned. However, it is found that the density of state effect is dominant in the spectra obtained in the present photon energy region. The emission from the Ag 5s, p bands is observed to be broadened due to the indirect transition process.

  16. Gompertz type dechanneling functions for protons in <1 0 0>, <1 1 0> and <1 1 1> Si crystal channels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrović, S.; Erić, M.; Kokkoris, M.; Nešković, N.

    2007-03-01

    In this work the energy dependences of the Gompertz type sigmoidal dechanneling function parameters for protons in <1 0 0>, <1 1 0> and <1 1 1> Si crystal channels is investigated theoretically. The proton energy range considered is between 1 and 10 MeV. The original dechanneling functions are generated using a realistic Monte Carlo computer simulation code. We show that the Gompertz type dechanneling function, having two parameters, lc and k, representing the dechanneling range and rate, respectively, approximate accurately the original dechanneling function. It is also shown that the energy dependences of parameters lc and k can be approximated by a linear function and a sum of two exponential functions, respectively. The results obtained can be used for accurate reproduction of experimental proton channeling spectra recorded in the backscattering geometry.

  17. H1N1 influenza (Swine flu)

    MedlinePlus

    ... regular (seasonal) flu vaccine. You cannot get H1N1 flu virus from eating pork or any other food, drinking ... pools, or using hot tubs or saunas. Any flu virus can spread from person to person when: Someone ...

  18. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    MedlinePlus

    ... Liver Disease Information > Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Explore this section to learn more about alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, including a description of the disorder ...

  19. 26 CFR 1.316-1 - Dividends.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Definitions; Constructive Ownership of Stock § 1.316-1 Dividends. (a)(1) The term dividend for the... income tax law, was under the applicable law a personal holding company, the term dividend, in...

  20. From 1:1 to 1 to Won

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Don

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses on the emphasis of how 1:1 computing program transforms classroom and education experience for students. Moreover, the author stresses that with this type of program, they have created vision where the culture, curriculum, and chores were designed to meet the needs of the digital age students in terms of rigor…

  1. CHARICE version 1.1 update.

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, Jean-Paul

    2008-10-01

    CHARICE (CHARacteristics-based inverse analysis of Isentropic Compression Experiments) is a computer application, previously documented in SAND2007-4948, that analyzes velocity waveform data from ramp-wave experiments to determine a material's quasi-isentropic loading response in stress and density using an iterative characteristics-based approach. This short report documents only the changes in CHARICE release version 1.1 relative to release version 1.0, and is not intended to stand alone. CHARICE version 1.1 corrects an error in the algorithm of the method, fixes several bugs, improves robustness and performance, provides more useful error descriptions, and adds a number of minor features.

  2. Chapter 1: Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Maahs, David M; West, Nancy A; Lawrence, Jean M.; Mayer-Davis, Elizabeth J

    2010-01-01

    Synopsis This chapter describes the epidemiology of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) around the world and across the lifespan. Epidemiologic patterns of T1D by demographic, geographic, biologic, cultural and other factors in populations are presented to gain insight about the etiology, natural history, risks, and complications of T1D. Data from large epidemiologic studies worldwide indicate that the incidence of T1D has been increasing by 2–5% worldwide and that the prevalence of T1D is approximately 1 in 300 in the US by 18 years of age. Research on risk factors for T1D is an active area of research to identify genetic and environmental triggers that could potentially be targeted for intervention. While significant advances have been made in the clinical care of T1D with resultant improvements in quality of life and clinical outcomes, much more needs to be done to improve care of, and ultimately find a cure for T1D. Epidemiologic studies have an important on-going role to investigate the complex causes, clinical care, prevention, and cure of T1D. PMID:20723815

  3. First-principles phonon calculation for Al-(Re,Mn)-Si 1/1-1/1-1/1 approximants

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagasako, N.; Asahi, R.; Takeuchi, T.

    2006-03-01

    A very low thermal conductivity (˜1 W/Km) and a relatively large Seebeck coefficient in Al-based Mackay-type icosahedral quasicrystal have attracted much interest aiming for thermoelectric applications. We performed first-principles phonon calculations for the Al-(Re,Mn)-Si 1/1-1/1-1/1 approximants [1] to elucidate mechanism of their low thermal conductivity. The total energy and atomic force were calculated for a modeled Al17(Re,Mn)4Si2 unit cell containing 138 atoms using the projector augmented wave method implemented in VASP code [2], and were then utilized for obtaining a phonon dispersion by the direct method [3]. The calculated lattice specific heat showed very good agreement with experiment, confirming validity of the present calculations. We found localized optical modes with a relatively low frequency (˜2 THz) in the phonon dispersion. We discuss the low thermal conductivity in comparison between the Al-Re-Si and Al-Mn-Si systems via averaged group velocity and umklapp phonon scattering related to these optical modes. [1] Takeuchi et al., Phys. Rev. B70, 144202 (2004). [2] G. Kresse, J. Furthmuller, Phys. Rev. B54, 11169 (1996). [3] MedeA-Phonon, Materials Design, Inc. (2003) based on K. Parlinski, Phonon 3.11 (2002).

  4. PDX-1 (pancreatic/duodenal homeobox-1 protein 1).

    PubMed

    Pedica, F; Beccari, S; Pedron, S; Montagna, L; Piccoli, P; Doglioni, C; Chilosi, M

    2014-12-01

    The homeodomain-containing transcription factor pancreatic duodenal homeobox 1 (PDX-1) plays a key role in pancreatic development and β-cell function. It is a major regulator of transcription in pancreatic cells, and transactivates the insulin gene by binding to a specific DNA motif in its promoter region. Glucose also regulates insulin gene transcription through PDX-1. It has been shown that PDX-1 is required for maintaining pancreatic islet functions by activating gene expression and has a dual role in pancreatic development. It initially contributes to pancreatic formation during embryogenesis and subsequently regulates the pancreatic islet cell physiology in mature islet cells. Because of this key role in the embryologic development of the pancreas, PDX-1 expression has been investigated in pancreatic cancer cell lines and human tumors. Moreover, a few reports have described expression of PDX-1 in other human neoplasms and have investigated its potential role in differential diagnosis, but data on normal human tissues are lacking. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of pancreas formation, and especially the function of PDX-1, may contribute to the improved treatment and prevention of debilitating diseases such as diabetes, insulinomas and pancreatic carcinomas. Nevertheless, further studies are needed concerning its possible application in routine practice.

  5. SealSim Version 1.1

    2005-05-16

    SealSim 1.1 is a state-of-the-art, Microsoft Windows based computer program developed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Aspen Research Corporation with Contracted support from TNO TPD. It is intended to be used by manufacturers, engineers, educators, students, architects, and others to help determine the relative durability of Insulating Glass Units (IGU). As a function of time, SealSim 1.1 simulates the behaviour of an Insulating Glass Unit, exposed to realistic or user-defined weather climates. Stressesmore » and strains in the IGU are calculated as a function of time, together with temperature distributions, gas permeation effects (gas loss, desiccant loading), dew point temperature, U-factor, etc. The current version of SealSim 1.1 supports double-glazing Units. where the spacer system is either a Thermo Plastic Spacer (TPS) or Box type spacer. For the determination of solar properties of glazing systems, SealSim 1.1 uses the Tntemational Glazing Database of LBNL, which is also used by OPTICS and WINDOW. The goal of the SealSim 1.1 simulations is to predict the IGU’s average lifetime, expressed in terms of the "Durability Index", together with the associated failure mechanisms. The Durability Index of a particular IGU and its most probable failure mechanism can be compared with other IGU’s. How the predicted Durability Index relates to the actual durability of an IGU is not known, simply because sufficient experimental data is lacking for describing the behaviour of IG Units over extended periods of time together with a lack of knowledge of the conditions it is subjected to and initial state of the CU at the time of manufacturing. In order to simulate the IGU behaviour in time, the conditions of the IGU must be defined; together with the weather and or climate that the IGU is subjected to. Using physical models of the IGU, SealSim 1.1 calculates tte response of the CU in time. These physical models are described in more detail in separate documents

  6. SealSim Version 1.1

    SciTech Connect

    2005-05-16

    SealSim 1.1 is a state-of-the-art, Microsoft Windows based computer program developed for the U.S. Department of Energy by Aspen Research Corporation with Contracted support from TNO TPD. It is intended to be used by manufacturers, engineers, educators, students, architects, and others to help determine the relative durability of Insulating Glass Units (IGU). As a function of time, SealSim 1.1 simulates the behaviour of an Insulating Glass Unit, exposed to realistic or user-defined weather climates. Stresses and strains in the IGU are calculated as a function of time, together with temperature distributions, gas permeation effects (gas loss, desiccant loading), dew point temperature, U-factor, etc. The current version of SealSim 1.1 supports double-glazing Units. where the spacer system is either a Thermo Plastic Spacer (TPS) or Box type spacer. For the determination of solar properties of glazing systems, SealSim 1.1 uses the Tntemational Glazing Database of LBNL, which is also used by OPTICS and WINDOW. The goal of the SealSim 1.1 simulations is to predict the IGU’s average lifetime, expressed in terms of the "Durability Index", together with the associated failure mechanisms. The Durability Index of a particular IGU and its most probable failure mechanism can be compared with other IGU’s. How the predicted Durability Index relates to the actual durability of an IGU is not known, simply because sufficient experimental data is lacking for describing the behaviour of IG Units over extended periods of time together with a lack of knowledge of the conditions it is subjected to and initial state of the CU at the time of manufacturing. In order to simulate the IGU behaviour in time, the conditions of the IGU must be defined; together with the weather and or climate that the IGU is subjected to. Using physical models of the IGU, SealSim 1.1 calculates tte response of the CU in time. These physical models are described in more detail in separate documents provided with

  7. Niemann-Pick C1 Like 1 (NPC1L1) an intestinal sterol transporter.

    PubMed

    Davis, Harry R; Altmann, Scott W

    2009-07-01

    Niemann-Pick C1 Like 1 (NPC1L1) has been identified and characterized as an essential protein in the intestinal cholesterol absorption process. NPC1L1 localizes to the brush border membrane of absorptive enterocytes in the small intestine. Intestinal expression of NPC1L1 is down regulated by diets containing high levels of cholesterol. While otherwise phenotypically normal, Npc1l1 null mice exhibit a significant reduction in the intestinal uptake and absorption of cholesterol and phytosterols. Characterization of the NPC1L1 pathway revealed that cholesterol absorption inhibitor ezetimibe specifically binds to an extracellular loop of NPC1L1 and inhibits its sterol transport function. Npc1l1 null mice are resistant to diet-induced hypercholesterolemia, and when crossed with apo E null mice, are completely resistant to the development of atherosclerosis. Intestinal gene expression studies in Npc1l1 null mice indicated that no exogenous cholesterol was entering enterocytes lacking NPC1L1, which resulted in an upregulation of intestinal and hepatic LDL receptor and cholesterol biosynthetic gene expression. Polymorphisms in the human NPC1L1 gene have been found to influence cholesterol absorption and plasma low density lipoprotein levels. Therefore, NPC1L1 is a critical intestinal sterol uptake transporter which influences whole body cholesterol homeostasis.

  8. Aryl morpholino triazenes inhibit cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1B1.

    PubMed

    Lee, Daniel; Perez, Pedro; Jackson, William; Chin, Taylor; Galbreath, Michael; Fronczek, Frank R; Isovitsch, Ralph; Iimoto, Devin S

    2016-07-15

    Many cytochrome P450 1A1 and 1B1 (CYP1A1 and CYP1B1) inhibitors, such as resveratrol, have planar, hydrophobic, aromatic rings in their structure and exhibit anti-cancer activity. Aryl morpholino triazenes have similar structural features and in addition contain a triazene unit consisting of three consecutive, conjugated nitrogen atoms. Several aryl morpholino triazenes, including 4-[(E)-2-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)diazenyl]-morpholine (2), were prepared from a reaction involving morpholine and a diazonium ion produced from different aniline derivatives, such as 3,4,5-trimethoxyaniline. The aryl morpholino triazenes were then screened at 100μM for their ability to inhibit CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 using ethoxyresorufin as the substrate. Triazenes that inhibited the enzymes to less than 80% of the uninhibited enzyme activity were assayed to determine their IC50 value. Compound 2 was the only triazene to inhibit both CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 to the same degree as resveratrol with IC50 values of 10μM and 18μM, respectively. Compounds 3 and 6 selectively inhibited CYP1B1 over CYP1A1 with IC values of 2μM and 7μM, respectively. Thus, aryl morpholino triazenes are a new class of compounds that can inhibit CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 and potentially prevent cancer. PMID:27265259

  9. 3-Quaternary ammonium 1-carba-1-dethiacephems.

    PubMed

    Cook, G K; McDonald, J H; Alborn, W; Boyd, D B; Eudaly, J A; Indelicato, J M; Johnson, R; Kasher, J S; Pasini, C E; Preston, D A

    1989-11-01

    A series of structurally unique 1-carba-1-dethiacephems is described. The structural stability of the 1-carba-1-dethiacephem nucleus was essential for the preparation of this series of 3-quaternary ammonium carbacephems. The known p-nitrobenzyl 7 beta-(phenoxyacetamido)- 3-[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]oxy]-1-carba-1-dethia-3-cephem- 4-carboxylate served as both a quaternization substrate as well as a precursor to derivatives such as allyl 7 beta-[[2-[allyloxy)carbonyl]amino-4- thiazoly] (methoxyimino)acetyl]amino]-3-[(trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl] oxy]-1-carba-1-dethia-3-cephem-4-carboxylate. Quaternization of these enol triflates was accomplished either by dissolution in acetonitrile containing the base or by dissolution in the base, with or without warning to 50 degrees C. Bases nucleophilic enough to displace the triflate include a variety of substituted pyridines and N-methylimidazole. Deprotection then produced a very active series of 1-[7 beta-[(2-amino- 4-thiazolyl)(methoxyimino)acetyl]amino]-2-carboxy-8-oxo- 1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-en-3-yl] quaternary ammonium hydroxide inner salts. These compounds were extremely potent antibacterials against a broad range of Gram-positive and -negative bacteria including constitutive cephalosporinase producers, such as Enterobacter cloacae. The compounds exhibit similar hydrolysis kinetics and pharmacokinetics to the analogous cephalosporin-3'-quaternary ammonium salts.

  10. Construction of HEK293 cells stably expressing wild-type organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1*1a) and variant OATP1B1*1b and OATP1B1*15.

    PubMed

    Chen, M; Qu, B X; Chen, X L; Hu, H H; Jiang, H D; Yu, L S; Zhou, Q; Zeng, S

    2016-06-01

    A transgenic cell line stably expressing the human organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP1B1) was established. Human Embryonic Kidney 293 (HEK293) cell line stably expressing OATP1B1*1a sequence was amplified through PCR with the extracted total RNA as templates from human liver, then subcloned into the plasmid pMD19-T and verified by sequencing. OATP1B1*1b/OATP1B1*15 mutant sequences were obtained by site-directed mutation PCR with pMD19-T/ OATP1B1*1a as templates. The plasmids pcDNA3.1(+)/OATP1B1*1a, *1b and *15 were constructed and transfected into HEK293 cell line using Lipofectamine 2000 transfection reagent. Several stable transfected clones were obtained after selection with G418. Using rosuvastatin as a probe substrate of OATP1B1, the intracellular rosuvastatin accumulation in HEK293 and HEK-OATP1B1*1a, *1b and *15 monoclone cells were validated by a ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. OATP1B1 mRNA and protein expression were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results from RT-PCR, rosuvastatin uptake and Western blot assay indicated that human OATP1B1 was highly expressed in transfected cells compared with controls. The HEK-293 cell lines stably expressing human OATP1B1-wild and variant (HEK-OATP1B1, *1b and *15) are potential models to study drug transport in vitro. PMID:27455553

  11. Construction of HEK293 cells stably expressing wild-type organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1*1a) and variant OATP1B1*1b and OATP1B1*15.

    PubMed

    Chen, M; Qu, B X; Chen, X L; Hu, H H; Jiang, H D; Yu, L S; Zhou, Q; Zeng, S

    2016-06-01

    A transgenic cell line stably expressing the human organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP1B1) was established. Human Embryonic Kidney 293 (HEK293) cell line stably expressing OATP1B1*1a sequence was amplified through PCR with the extracted total RNA as templates from human liver, then subcloned into the plasmid pMD19-T and verified by sequencing. OATP1B1*1b/OATP1B1*15 mutant sequences were obtained by site-directed mutation PCR with pMD19-T/ OATP1B1*1a as templates. The plasmids pcDNA3.1(+)/OATP1B1*1a, *1b and *15 were constructed and transfected into HEK293 cell line using Lipofectamine 2000 transfection reagent. Several stable transfected clones were obtained after selection with G418. Using rosuvastatin as a probe substrate of OATP1B1, the intracellular rosuvastatin accumulation in HEK293 and HEK-OATP1B1*1a, *1b and *15 monoclone cells were validated by a ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. OATP1B1 mRNA and protein expression were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The results from RT-PCR, rosuvastatin uptake and Western blot assay indicated that human OATP1B1 was highly expressed in transfected cells compared with controls. The HEK-293 cell lines stably expressing human OATP1B1-wild and variant (HEK-OATP1B1, *1b and *15) are potential models to study drug transport in vitro.

  12. High Resolution Infrared Spectroscopy of [1.1.1] Propellane

    SciTech Connect

    Kirkpatrick, Robynne W.; Masiello, Tony; Jariyasopit, Narumol; Weber, Alfons; Nibler, Joseph W.; Maki, Arthur; Blake, Thomas A.; Hubler, Timothy L.

    2008-01-08

    The infrared spectrum of [1.1.1]propellane has been recorded at high resolution (0.002 cm-1) with individual rovibrational lines resolved for the first time. This initial report presents the ground state constants for this molecule determined from the analysis of five of the eight infrared-allowed fundamentals v9(e'), v10(e'), v12(e'), v14(a2''), v15(a2''), as well as of several combination bands. In nearly all cases it was found that the upper states of the transitions exhibit some degree of perturbation but, by use of the combination difference method, the assigned frequencies provided over 4000 consistent ground state difference values. Analysis of these gave for the parameters of the ground state the following values, in cm-1: B0 = 0.28755833(14), DJ = 1.1313(5)x10-7, DJK = -1.2633(7)x10-7, HJ = 0.72(4)x10-13, HJK = -2.24(13)x10-13, and HKJ = 2.25(15)x10-13, where the numbers in parentheses indicate twice the uncertainties in the last quoted digit(s) of the parameters. Gaussian ab initio calculations, especially with the computed anharmonic corrections to some of the spectroscopic parameters, assisted in the assignments of the bands and also provided information on the electron distribution in the bridge-head carbon-carbon bond.

  13. Thermal decomposition of 1,1,1-trifluoroethane revisited.

    PubMed

    Matsugi, Akira; Yasunaga, Kenji; Shiina, Hiroumi

    2014-12-18

    1,1,1-Trifluoroethane (CH3CF3) has been frequently used as a chemical thermometer or an internal standard in shock tube studies to determine relative rates of chemical reactions. The rate constants for the thermal decomposition of CH3CF3 were recently reported to have anomalous pressure dependence in the high-temperature falloff region. In the present study, the kinetics of the CH3CF3 decomposition were reinvestigated using shock tube/laser absorption (ST/LA) spectroscopy and single-pulse shock tube (SPST) methods over the temperature range 1163-1831 K at pressures from 95 to 290 kPa. The present rate constants are 2-3 times smaller than those reported in previous single-pulse experiments performed at near high-pressure limit conditions. The recommended rate constant expression, k = 5.71 × 10(46)T(-9.341) exp(-47073 K/T) s(-1), was obtained over the temperature range 1000-1600 K with uncertainties of ±40% at temperatures below 1300 K and ±32% at 1600 K. The rate constants at the high-temperature region showed clear falloff behavior and were in good agreement with recent high-temperature experiments. The falloff rate constants could not be reproduced by a standard RRKM/master-equation model; this study provides additional evidence for the unusual pressure dependence previously reported for this reaction. Additionally, the rate constants for the decomposition of 1,1-difluoroethylene (CH2CF2) were determined over the temperature range 1650-2059 K at pressures of 100 and 205 kPa, and were reproduced by the RRKM/master-equation calculation with an average downward energy transfer of 900 cm(-1).

  14. Growth of monocrystalline Cu(1 1 1) films on MgO(1 1 1) by pulsed laser deposition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aweke, F.; Antoni, F.; Hulik, J.; Morvan, G.; Speisser, C.; Veis, P.; Le Normand, F.

    2015-05-01

    Copper (Cu) films with a minimal thickness of 300 nm were grown on MgO(1 1 1) substrates in high vacuum by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) at various temperatures to achieve a single crystal Cu film with flat terraces without grain boundaries. We investigated the effect of the substrate temperature, the pulse repetition rate, the deposition time and the laser fluence. A temperature threshold is observed above which the growth mode is changed from a uniform flat mode to a three dimensional mode. A combined process involving a germination step at moderate temperature followed by a growth step at higher temperature yields a 450 nm almost continuous film.

  15. 26 CFR 1.165-1 - Losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... adjusted basis for determining the loss from the sale or other disposition of the property involved. In the... recognized upon the sale or exchange of property shall be determined for purposes of section 165(a) in accordance with § 1.1002-1. (3) A loss from the sale or exchange of a capital asset shall be allowed as...

  16. Ciencias 1. (Science 1). [Student's Workbook].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raposo, Lucilia

    Ciencias 1 is the first in a series of science books designed for elementary Portuguese-speaking students. The book contains five sections divided into 43 lessons. The five sections are (1) Matter, (2) The Human Body, (3) Weather, (4) Solids, Liquids, and Gases, and (5) Living Things. Pictorial presentations and picture exercises are included for…

  17. 1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,2,2 - Tetrachloroethane ; CASRN 79 - 34 - 5 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncar

  18. 26 CFR 1.801-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... reserves (as defined in section 801). An insurance company writing only noncancellable life, health, or... premium” means the amount which will cover the cost of carrying the insurance risk for the period for... TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-1 Definitions. (a) Life insurance company. The...

  19. 26 CFR 1.801-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... reserves (as defined in section 801). An insurance company writing only noncancellable life, health, or... premium” means the amount which will cover the cost of carrying the insurance risk for the period for... TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-1 Definitions. (a) Life insurance company. The...

  20. 26 CFR 1.801-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... reserves (as defined in section 801). An insurance company writing only noncancellable life, health, or... premium” means the amount which will cover the cost of carrying the insurance risk for the period for... TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-1 Definitions. (a) Life insurance company. The...

  1. General Relativity in (1 + 1) Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boozer, A. D.

    2008-01-01

    We describe a theory of gravity in (1 + 1) dimensions that can be thought of as a toy model of general relativity. The theory should be a useful pedagogical tool, because it is mathematically much simpler than general relativity but shares much of the same conceptual structure; in particular, it gives a simple illustration of how gravity arises…

  2. 33 CFR 1.08-1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... criminal penalty procedures under subpart 1.07 of this part: (1) 46 CFR 25.05 whistles or other sound producing devices; (2) 33 CFR part 175, subpart B and 46 CFR subpart 25.25, Personal Flotation Devices. (3) 46 CFR 25.35 backfire flame control; (4) 46 CFR 25.40 ventilation; (5) 33 CFR part 173 numbering;...

  3. 33 CFR 1.08-1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... criminal penalty procedures under subpart 1.07 of this part: (1) 46 CFR 25.05 whistles or other sound producing devices; (2) 33 CFR part 175, subpart B and 46 CFR subpart 25.25, Personal Flotation Devices. (3) 46 CFR 25.35 backfire flame control; (4) 46 CFR 25.40 ventilation; (5) 33 CFR part 173 numbering;...

  4. 33 CFR 1.08-1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... criminal penalty procedures under subpart 1.07 of this part: (1) 46 CFR 25.05 whistles or other sound producing devices; (2) 33 CFR part 175, subpart B and 46 CFR subpart 25.25, Personal Flotation Devices. (3) 46 CFR 25.35 backfire flame control; (4) 46 CFR 25.40 ventilation; (5) 33 CFR part 173 numbering;...

  5. 33 CFR 1.08-1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... criminal penalty procedures under subpart 1.07 of this part: (1) 46 CFR 25.05 whistles or other sound producing devices; (2) 33 CFR part 175, subpart B and 46 CFR subpart 25.25, Personal Flotation Devices. (3) 46 CFR 25.35 backfire flame control; (4) 46 CFR 25.40 ventilation; (5) 33 CFR part 173 numbering;...

  6. 33 CFR 1.08-1 - Applicability.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... criminal penalty procedures under subpart 1.07 of this part: (1) 46 CFR 25.05 whistles or other sound producing devices; (2) 33 CFR part 175, subpart B and 46 CFR subpart 25.25, Personal Flotation Devices. (3) 46 CFR 25.35 backfire flame control; (4) 46 CFR 25.40 ventilation; (5) 33 CFR part 173 numbering;...

  7. 45 CFR 1216.1-1 - Purpose.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... NONDISPLACEMENT OF EMPLOYED WORKERS AND NONIMPAIRMENT OF CONTRACTS FOR SERVICE § 1216.1-1 Purpose. This part... otherwise be performed by employed workers and which will not supplant the hiring of, or result in the displacement of, employed workers or impair existing contracts for service. It implements section 404(a) of...

  8. 26 CFR 1.150-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... certificate of indebtedness issued by the United States Treasury pursuant to the Demand Deposit State and Local Government Series program described in 31 CFR part 344. Working capital expenditure means any cost... TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Exemption Requirements for State and Local Bonds § 1.150-1 Definitions. (a)...

  9. 26 CFR 1.150-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... certificate of indebtedness issued by the United States Treasury pursuant to the Demand Deposit State and Local Government Series program described in 31 CFR part 344. Working capital expenditure means any cost... TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Exemption Requirements for State and Local Bonds § 1.150-1 Definitions. (a)...

  10. 26 CFR 303.1-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TAXES UNDER THE TRADING WITH THE ENEMY ACT § 303.1-1 Definitions. (a) General. When used in this part... Custodian whose functions were transferred to the Attorney General pursuant to Executive Order 9788 (3 CFR... the Enemy Act. The term “Trading With the Enemy Act” includes all amendments of such Act, and...

  11. 26 CFR 1.801-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-1 Definitions. (a) Life insurance company. The term life... determining whether a company is a “life insurance company” within the meaning of that term as used in section... whether an insurance company is a life insurance company, the life insurance reserves (as defined......

  12. 26 CFR 1.508-1 - Notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... case of medical research organizations, 6 months after the date on which corrective and clarifying... (CONTINUED) Private Foundations § 1.508-1 Notices. (a) New organizations must notify the Commissioner that... subparagraph (3) of this paragraph, an organization that is organized after October 9, 1969, will not...

  13. Expect Surprises with 1-to-1 Laptops

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tusch, Erich G.

    2012-01-01

    In 2004, prior to the launch of their 1-to-1 laptop program, the superintendent expressed some anxiety about the prospect of radically changing teaching and learning by issuing a laptop computer to every student and teacher. Although the concept was exciting, it carried big risks and would take time and thorough planning to execute well. Even with…

  14. 43 CFR 3191.1-1 - Petition.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Lands: Interior Regulations Relating to Public Lands (Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY, COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS AND CONTRACTS FOR OIL AND GAS INSPECTION Delegation of Authority § 3191.1-1 Petition. The Governor or...

  15. 26 CFR 1.1083-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Exchanges in Obedience to S.e.c. Orders § 1.1083-1 Definitions. (a) Order of the... (52 Stat. 447)), and must be issued under the authority of section 11(b) or 11(e) of the...

  16. 26 CFR 1.1083-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Exchanges in Obedience to S.e.c. Orders § 1.1083-1 Definitions. (a) Order of the... (52 Stat. 447)), and must be issued under the authority of section 11(b) or 11(e) of the...

  17. EPA PMF 1.1 USER'S GUIDE

    EPA Science Inventory

    This user's manual is designed to guide a user through the use of the software EPA PMF 1.1 for a receptor modeling application. The manual covers details about what the user should do to operate the software, but it intentionally does not include guidance on how to interpret the...

  18. 26 CFR 1.1275-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... rules regarding adjustments to adjusted issue price on a pro rata prepayment. (2) Bond issuance premium... States persons. (i) (j) Life annuity exception under section 1275(a)(1)(B)(i)—(1) Purpose. Section 1275(a... the contract and the contract depends (in whole or in substantial part) on the life expectancy of...

  19. 26 CFR 1.1275-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... rules regarding adjustments to adjusted issue price on a pro rata prepayment. (2) Bond issuance premium... States persons. (i) (j) Life annuity exception under section 1275(a)(1)(B)(i)—(1) Purpose. Section 1275(a... the contract and the contract depends (in whole or in substantial part) on the life expectancy of...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1275-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... rules regarding adjustments to adjusted issue price on a pro rata prepayment. (2) Bond issuance premium... States persons. (i) (j) Life annuity exception under section 1275(a)(1)(B)(i)—(1) Purpose. Section 1275(a... the contract and the contract depends (in whole or in substantial part) on the life expectancy of...

  1. [1+1+1] Cyclotrimerization for the Synthesis of Cyclopropanes

    PubMed Central

    Manna, Srimanta

    2016-01-01

    Abstract The synthesis of small rings by functionalization of C(sp3)−H bonds remains a great challenge. We report for the first time a copper‐catalyzed [1+1+1] cyclotrimerization of acetophenone derivatives under mild reaction conditions. The reaction has a broad scope for the stereoselective synthesis of cyclopropanes by trimerization of acetophenone. The developed transformation is based on an extraordinary copper‐catalyzed cascade process that allows saturated carbocycles to be obtained for the first time by cyclotrimerization through functionalization of C(sp3)−H bonds. The cascade of sixfold C(sp3)−H bond functionalization allows the synthesis of cyclopropanes in a highly stereoselective approach. PMID:26997466

  2. Douglas BTD-1 Destroyer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1945-01-01

    Douglas BTD-1 Destroyer: The single-seat Douglas BTD-1 Destroyer torpedo-bomber was developed from the two-seat XSB2D-1 scout-bomber. Although not put into full production, the BTD-1 lessons learned with the Destroyer were incorporated into the Douglas Skyraider's predecessor, the BT2D-1.

  3. Grumman JF-1 Duck

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1934-01-01

    Grumman JF-1 Duck: The Grumman JF-1 Duck was in service with the NACA at Langley during the summer of 1934. The JF-1 was notably different from the later J2F Duck in that the JF-1 had a shorter central float. The NACA used the JF-1 in part as a propeller testbed aircraft.

  4. 1,1,1-trichloroethane: report of a fatal intoxication.

    PubMed

    Caplan, Y H; Backer, R C; Whitaker, J Q

    1976-01-01

    TCE was indicated in the accidental death of a woman cleaning up a paint spill in an enclosed, poorly ventilated room. Blood and tissue concentrations of TCE were measured by head-space gas chromatography. The concentrations found were compared with previously reported concentrations concluding that the demonstrable presence of TCE in blood at a concentration above 1.0 to 1.5 mg/100 ml would be consistent with death. However, the rapid dissipation of TCE from blood dictates that its presence in post mortem samples at any concentration must be considered as a factor in determining the cause of death. PMID:1277770

  5. IL-1 Blockade in Autoinflammatory Syndromes1

    PubMed Central

    Jesus, Adriana A.; Goldbach-Mansky, Raphaela

    2014-01-01

    Monogenic autoinflammatory syndromes present with excessive systemic inflammation including fever, rashes, arthritis, and organ-specific inflammation and are caused by defects in single genes encoding proteins that regulate innate inflammatory pathways. Pathogenic variants in two interleukin-1 (IL-1)–regulating genes, NLRP3 and IL1RN, cause two severe and early-onset autoinflammatory syndromes, CAPS (cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes) and DIRA (deficiency of IL-1 receptor antagonist). The discovery of the mutations that cause CAPS and DIRA led to clinical and basic research that uncovered the key role of IL-1 in an extended spectrum of immune dysregulatory conditions. NLRP3 encodes cryopyrin, an intracellular “molecular sensor” that forms a multimolecular platform, the NLRP3 inflammasome, which links “danger recognition” to the activation of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β. The success and safety profile of drugs targeting IL-1 in the treatment of CAPS and DIRA have encouraged their wider use in other autoinflammatory syndromes including the classic hereditary periodic fever syndromes (familial Mediterranean fever, TNF receptor–associated periodic syndrome, and hyperimmunoglobulinemia D with periodic fever syndrome) and additional immune dysregulatory conditions that are not genetically well defined, including Still’s, Behcet’s, and Schnitzler diseases. The fact that the accumulation of metabolic substrates such as monosodium urate, ceramide, cholesterol, and glucose can trigger the NLRP3 inflammasome connects metabolic stress to IL-1β-mediated inflammation and provides a rationale for therapeutically targeting IL-1 in prevalent diseases such as gout, diabetes mellitus, and coronary artery disease. PMID:24422572

  6. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

    MedlinePlus

    ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency? Alpha-1 antitrypsin (an-tee-TRIP-sin) deficiency, or AAT ... as it relates to lung disease. Overview Alpha-1 antitrypsin, also called AAT, is a protein made ...

  7. SPARK Version 1. 1 user manual

    SciTech Connect

    Weissenburger, D.W.

    1988-01-01

    This manual describes the input required to use Version 1.1 of the SPARK computer code. SPARK 1.1 is a library of FORTRAN main programs and subprograms designed to calculate eddy currents on conducting surfaces where current flow is assumed zero in the direction normal to the surface. Surfaces are modeled with triangular and/or quadrilateral elements. Lorentz forces produced by the interaction of eddy currents with background magnetic fields can be output at element nodes in a form compatible with most structural analysis codes. In addition, magnetic fields due to eddy currents can be determined at points off the surface. Version 1.1 features eddy current streamline plotting with optional hidden-surface-removal graphics and topological enhancements that allow essentially any orientable surface to be modeled. SPARK also has extensive symmetry specification options. In order to make the manual as self-contained as possible, six appendices are included that present summaries of the symmetry options, topological options, coil options and code algorithms, with input and output examples. An edition of SPARK 1.1 is available on the Cray computers at the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center at Livermore, California. Another more generic edition is operational on the VAX computers at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and is available on magnetic tape by request. The generic edition requires either the GKS or PLOT10 graphics package and the IMSL or NAG mathematical package. Requests from outside the United States will be subject to applicable federal regulations regarding dissemination of computer programs. 22 refs.

  8. Dipole Strength Distributions in 124,126,128,130,132,134,136Xe:. a Systematic Study in the Mass Region of a Nuclear Shape Transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kneissl, U.

    2005-03-01

    Systematic nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments (NRF) on all 7 stable even-even Xe isotopes have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the 4.3 MV Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator. For the first time thin-walled, high-pressure gas targets (about 70 bar) were used in NRF experiments. Precise excitation energies, transition strengths, spins, and decay branching ratios were obtained for numerous states, most of them unknown so far. The systematics of the observed E1 two-phonon excitations (2+ ⊗ 3-) and M1 excitations to 1+ mixed symmetry states are discussed with respect to the new critical point symmetry E(5).

  9. Geometric modeling of homoepitaxial CVD diamond growth: I. The {1 0 0}{1 1 1}{1 1 0}{1 1 3} system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, F.; Bonnin, X.; Achard, J.; Brinza, O.; Michau, A.; Gicquel, A.

    2008-01-01

    Plasma-assisted CVD homoepitaxial diamond growth is a process that must satisfy many stringent requirements to meet industrial applications, particularly in high-power electronics. Purity control and crystalline quality of the obtained samples are of paramount importance and their optimization is a subject of active research. In the process of such studies, we have obtained high purity CVD diamond monocrystals with unusual morphologies, namely with apparent {1 1 3} stable faces. This phenomenon has led us to examine the process of CVD diamond growth and build up a 3D geometrical model, presented here, describing the film growth as a function of time. The model has been able to successfully describe the morphology of our obtained crystals and can be used as a predictive tool to predetermine the shape and size of a diamond crystal grown in a given process configuration. This renders accessible control of desirable properties such as largest usable diamond surface area and/or film thickness, before the cutting and polishing manufacture steps take place. The two latter steps are more sensitive to the geometry of the growth sectors, which will be addressed in a companion paper. Our model, applicable to the growth of any cubic lattice material, establishes a complete mapping of the final morphology state of growing diamond, as a function of the growth rates of the crystalline planes considered, namely {1 0 0}, {1 1 1}, {1 1 0}, and {1 1 3} planes, all of which have been observed experimentally in diamond films. The model makes no claim as to the stability of the obtained faces, such as the occurrence of non-epitaxial crystallites or twinning. It is also possible to deduce transient behavior of the crystal morphology as growth time is increased. The model conclusions are presented in the form of a series of diagrams, which trace the existence (and dominance) boundaries of each face type, in presence of the others, and where each boundary crossing represent a topology

  10. 1; '" ~i.im~

    Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

    ... t ~ .. I:~ ~, r1 " )íJ .( l\\ ,# f ~ .; , r 1I1§~.OGlP.~.mi .. !II .. 0 . .... t- !!,. i:qrzrr -19~,i;!;¡ $ i'' is il Il '\\ii II ~ w "' =~ &2L;;&Æ__ II .. i: Ci.)ill.ii.iill~~~1I ~ . . .. ...

  11. Cold Sores (HSV-1)

    MedlinePlus

    ... Help a Friend Who Cuts? Cold Sores (HSV-1) KidsHealth > For Teens > Cold Sores (HSV-1) Print A A A Text Size What's in ... person's lips, are caused by herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) . But they don't just show ...

  12. New fluorinated agonists for targeting the sphingosin-1-phosphate receptor 1 (S1P(1)).

    PubMed

    Shaikh, Rizwan S; Keul, Petra; Schäfers, Michael; Levkau, Bodo; Haufe, Günter

    2015-11-15

    The sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor type 1 (S1P1) is involved in fundamental biological processes such as regulation of immune cell trafficking, vascular barrier function and angiogenesis. This Letter presents multistep syntheses of various fluorine substituted 12-aryl analogues of the drug fingolimod (FTY720) and a seven-steps route to 2-amino-17,17-difluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)heptadecan-1-ol. In vitro and in vivo tests proved all these compounds as potent S1P1 receptor agonists.

  13. Cardiomyopathy from 1,1-Difluoroethane Inhalation.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Suwen; Joginpally, Tejaswini; Kim, David; Yadava, Mrinal; Norgais, Konchok; Laird-Fick, Heather S

    2016-10-01

    Consumer aerosol products can be inhaled for their psychoactive effects, but with attendant adverse health effects including "sudden sniffing death." Cardiomyopathy has rarely been described in association with 1,1-difluoroethane (DFE), a common aerosol propellant. We report a 33-year-old male who developed acute myocardial injury and global hypokinesis along with rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, and fulminant hepatitis after 2 days' nearly continuous huffing. Workup for other causes, including underlying coronary artery disease, was negative. His cardiac function improved over time. The exact mechanism of DFE's effects is uncertain but may include catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, coronary vasospasm, or direct cellular toxicity.

  14. Cardiomyopathy from 1,1-Difluoroethane Inhalation.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Suwen; Joginpally, Tejaswini; Kim, David; Yadava, Mrinal; Norgais, Konchok; Laird-Fick, Heather S

    2016-10-01

    Consumer aerosol products can be inhaled for their psychoactive effects, but with attendant adverse health effects including "sudden sniffing death." Cardiomyopathy has rarely been described in association with 1,1-difluoroethane (DFE), a common aerosol propellant. We report a 33-year-old male who developed acute myocardial injury and global hypokinesis along with rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, and fulminant hepatitis after 2 days' nearly continuous huffing. Workup for other causes, including underlying coronary artery disease, was negative. His cardiac function improved over time. The exact mechanism of DFE's effects is uncertain but may include catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, coronary vasospasm, or direct cellular toxicity. PMID:26613951

  15. 26 CFR 1.1083-1 - Definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Corporation subject to a mortgage of $100,000. (2) Short-term obligations (including notes, drafts, bills of... nonexempt property within the meaning of section 1083(e) (1), (2), or (3). (5) Money, and the right to... section 1083 (e) (2) or (3). The term the right to receive money includes, among other items,...

  16. 14 CFR 1.1 - General definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings. Airport means an area of land or water that is... that is producible from sea level to an established higher altitude. Amateur rocket means an unmanned rocket that: (1) Is propelled by a motor or motors having a combined total impulse of 889,600...

  17. 14 CFR 1.1 - General definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings. Airport means an area of land or water that is... that is producible from sea level to an established higher altitude. Amateur rocket means an unmanned rocket that: (1) Is propelled by a motor or motors having a combined total impulse of 889,600...

  18. 14 CFR 1.1 - General definitions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... by the dynamic reaction of the air against its wings. Airport means an area of land or water that is... that is producible from sea level to an established higher altitude. Amateur rocket means an unmanned rocket that: (1) Is propelled by a motor or motors having a combined total impulse of 889,600...

  19. 26 CFR 1.165-1 - Losses.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... basis of $10,000 is completely destroyed by fire in 1961, and if the taxpayer's only claim for... the loss (see § 1.165-8, relating to theft losses). However, if in the year of discovery there exists... not incurred in any transaction entered into for profit, if such losses arise from fire,...

  20. 26 CFR 1.508-1 - Notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... them, under section 508, see the special rules under § 1.170A-9(e). (vi) A foreign organization shall... March 22, 1973, whichever comes later. See paragraph (a)(2)(iii) of this section, for rules pertaining... Form 4653 need be completed only if the organization is, or thinks it might be, described in...

  1. Intermediate States in the Photoexcitation of 176mLu

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carroll, J. J.; Henry, T.; Balint, T.; Pitz, H.-H.; Stedile, F.; Kneissl, U.

    2011-10-01

    The photoexcitation of 176mLu has been studied experimentally using the high-intensity DYNAMITRON accelerator at the University of Stuttgart. Enriched samples of 176Lu (72.5%) were irradiated with bremsstrahlung having endpoint energies between 700 - 2,200 keV. Several intermediate states were identified by which the 3.64 hour isomer was populated, and their energy-integrated cross sections were measured. The results and implications for stellar nucleosynthesis of this odd-odd nuclide will be discussed. Supported in part by DTRA grant HDTRA1-08-1-0014.

  2. LOX-1 transcription.

    PubMed

    Hermonat, Paul L; Zhu, Hongqing; Cao, Maohua; Mehta, Jawahar L

    2011-10-01

    The importance of the lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor (LOX-1) gene in cardiovascular and other diseases is slowly being revealed. LOX-1 gene expression appears to be a "canary in a coal mine" for atherogenesis, being strongly up-regulated early on in a number of cell types when they are activated, and predicting the sites of future disease. From this early time point the LOX-1 protein often participates in the disease process itself. While gene/protein expression can be regulated on a multiplicity of levels, the most basic and important mode of regulation is usually transcriptional. There are very few studies on the transcriptional regulation of the human LOX-1 promoter; fewer still on definitive mapping of the transcription factors involved. It is known that a wide variety of stimuli up-regulate LOX-1, usually/probably on the transcriptional level. Angiotensin II (Ang II) is one important regulator of renin-angiotensin system and stimulator LOX-1. Ang II is known to up-regulate LOX-1 transcription through an NF-kB motif located at nt -2158. Oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) is another important cardiovascular regulator, particularly of atherosclerotic disease, and a strong stimulator of LOX-1. Ox-LDL is known to up-regulate LOX-1 transcription through an Oct-1 motif located at nt -1556. The subsequent enhanced LOX-1 receptor numbers and their binding by ox-LDL ligand triggers a positive feedback loop, increasing further LOX-1 expression, with a presently unknown regulatory governor. The Oct-1 gene also has its own Oct-1-driven positive feedback loop, which likely also contributes to LOX-1 up-regulation. There is also data which suggests the involvement of the transcription factor AP-1 during stimulation with Phorbol 12-myristate acetate. While the importance of NF-κB as a transcriptional regulator of cardiovascular-relevant genes is well known, the importance of Oct-1 is not. Data suggests that Oct-1-mediated up-regulation of transcription is an early

  3. Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Test

    MedlinePlus

    ... measures the level of the protein AAT in blood. Alpha-1 antitrypsin phenotype testing evaluates the amount and type of AAT being produced and compares it to normal patterns. Alpha-1 antitrypsin genotype testing ( DNA testing) can ...

  4. Alpha-1 antitrypsin test

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003715.htm Alpha-1 antitrypsin test To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Alpha-1 antitrypsin is a laboratory test to measure the ...

  5. CCF Experiment #1

    NASA Video Gallery

    Images from CCF camera during Experiment #1, or EU#1, square groove geometry operations. The free surface, or gas/liquid interface, assumes a curved shape under subcritical flow conditions as its m...

  6. MIL1A

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-09-03

    ... MISR Level 1A camera charge-coupled device (CCD) Science Data: Reformatted Annotated Level 1A product of the CCD science data. ... Files:  Processing Status Production Report Read Software Files :  Data Product ...

  7. A1C test

    MedlinePlus

    HbA1C test; Glycated hemoglobin test; Glycosylated hemoglobin test; Hemoglobin glycosylated test; Glycohemoglobin test ... have recently eaten does not affect the A1C test, so you do not need to fast to ...

  8. RAP1GA1: A candidate tumor suppressor locus in 1p36.1

    SciTech Connect

    Ranade, K.; Hussussian, C.J.; Higgins, P.

    1994-09-01

    The rap1/Krev-1 gene (RAP1A) encodes a p21-related protein that suppresses transformation by activated p21{sup ras}. The GTPase activating protein (GAP) gene for p21{sup rap1A} (RAP1GA1) has recently been assigned to chromosome 1p36.1-p35, a region of the genome that is frequently involved in deletions and rearrangements in several different tumors including breast, colon and hepatocellular carcinomas, melanoma, and neuroblastoma. GAP genes negatively regulate the activity of p21 proteins by catalyzing the conversion of the active GTP-bound forms to the inactive GDP-bound forms. The physiological function of p21{sup rap1A}-GAP makes it a strong candidate as a tumor suppressor gene that may have a role in the development of one or more of these malignancies. We have refined the localization of RAP1GA1 by linkage analysis with a highly informative (CA){sub n} repeat contained within the gene, and demonstrated that it is within the minimal deleted region for breast and colon carcinomas, and that it is excluded from the minimally deleted region in melanoma and neuroblastoma. Genetic mapping in the mouse demonstrated that Rap1ga1 is located {approximately}10 cM proximal to Pnd and therefore maps within the interval containing the modifier of Min gene (Mom-1) and the plasmocytoma susceptibility locus (Pcts). The human RAP1GA1 gene contains at least 27 exons. The coding region contains 22 exons, and there are at least five 5{prime}-UT exons that are assembled in a complex pattern of alternative splicing in different tissues. The localization of RAP1GA1 makes it a very strong candidate for a role as a modifier gene involved in the common secondary abnormalities involving 1p36 in several different carcinomas. The potential role of RAP1GA1 in these malignancies is currently being investigated by sequence analysis of breast and colon carcinomas with loss of heterozygosity in 1p36.

  9. α1-Antitrypsin Deficiency.

    PubMed

    Hatipoğlu, Umur; Stoller, James K

    2016-09-01

    α1-Antitrypsin deficiency is an autosomal codominant condition that predisposes to emphysema and cirrhosis. The condition is common but grossly under-recognized. Identifying patients' α1-antitrypsin deficiency has important management implications (ie, smoking cessation, genetic and occupational counseling, and specific treatment with the infusion of pooled human plasma α1-antitrypsin). The weight of evidence suggests that augmentation therapy slows the progression of emphysema in individuals with severe α1-antitrypsin deficiency. PMID:27514595

  10. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101830, and TBD).

  11. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830).

  12. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. A larger image is available without labels (No. 0101755).

  13. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This computer-generated image depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

  14. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD). This image is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.

  15. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

  16. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Here the transparent furnace is extracted for servicing. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, 0101830, and TBD).

  17. Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2001-01-01

    This scale model depicts the Materials Science Research Rack-1 (MSRR-1) being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and the European Space Agency (ESA) for placement in the Destiny laboratory module aboard the International Space Station. The rack is part of the plarned Materials Science Research Facility (MSRF) and is expected to include two furnace module inserts, a Quench Module Insert (being developed by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center) to study directional solidification in rapidly cooled alloys and a Diffusion Module Insert (being developed by the European Space Agency) to study crystal growth, and a transparent furnace (being developed by NASA's Space Product Development program). Multi-user equipment in the rack is being developed under the auspices of NASA's Office of Biological and Physical Research (OBPR) and ESA. Key elements are labeled in other images (0101754, 0101829, and TBD). This composite is from a digital still camera; higher resolution is not available.

  18. Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 1

    SciTech Connect

    McKinney, J.D.

    1983-01-01

    The purpose of the “Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 1” is to provide a mechanically proficient lay person with sufficient information to evaluate microhydropower site potential, lay out a site, select and install equipment, and finally, operate and maintain the completed system. The actual construction details of the site are not included; rather, pointers are given as to what help an individual should expect from a construction contractor, and general guidelines on construction details are provided. In addition, information about obtaining financing and permits is provided. To help offset cost, the person performing the work, referred to as the “developer,” is encouraged to do as much of the work as possible. However, developers with major areas of uncertainty should consider professional assistance.

  19. Psychoneuroimmunology and HIV-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Antoni, Michael H.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Presents evidence describing benefits of behavioral interventions such as aerobic exercise training on both psychological and immunological functioning among high risk human immunodeficiency virus-Type 1 (HIV-1) seronegative and very early stage seropositive homosexual men. HIV-1 infection is cast as chronic disease for which early…

  20. MI1ANAV

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-09-03

    MI1ANAV MISR Level 1A Navigation Data: Reformatted Annotated Level 1A Product for the Navigation Data, which contains samples of the Terra Platform position and ... Specification Versioning History:  Engineering, Navigation SCAR-B Block:  SCAR-B ...

  1. Horizontally separated 1-in-1 crossing insertions

    SciTech Connect

    Syphers, M.J.

    1985-10-01

    Previous to this workshop, realistic lattices have been developed for vertically separated l-in-l (e.g., D.E. Johnson, A.A. Garren) and 2-in-1 (e.g., S. Heifets) magnets as well as for horizontally separated 2-in-l magnets (e.g., SSC RDS). Bringing together the widely separated ({approximately}60-70 cm) beams in a reasonable length of tunnel and keeping the dispersion zero at the interaction point has been difficult in the vertical l-in-l case. Most designs have required spacial 2-in-1 quadrupoles near the interaction point where the beams are separated by 15 cm or less. It is not clear that such magnets, as dictated by some of these lattice designs, can easily be built. The purpose of this exercise is to provide a crossing insertion for a realistic lattice which involves horizontally separated l-in-l magnets. The following horizontal crossing insertions, which incorporate the dispersion suppressors and phase trombones into the major arcs, need no special 2-in-1 magnets near the interaction point. The dispersion at the IP created by the horizontal crossing can be cancelled by the dispersion suppressor and one set of triplets.

  2. Melaminium nitrate–melamine–water (1/1/1)

    PubMed Central

    Adam, Farook; Lin, Sek Kei; Hello, Kasim Mohammed; Hemamalini, Madhukar; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2010-01-01

    In the crystal structure of the title salt, C3H7N6 +·NO3 −·C3H6N6·H2O, the asymmetric unit consists of two neutral melamine (1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6-triamine) mol­ecules, two melaminium cations, two nitrate anions and two solvent water mol­ecules. One of the nitrate anions is disordered over two sets of positions, with a refined occupancy ratio of 0.909 (3):0.091 (3). The cations and neutral mol­ecules are approximately planar, with maximum deviations of 0.018 (2), 0.024 (2), 0.019 (2) and 0.007 (2) Å for each, respectively. In the crystal structure, melaminium cations and netural melamine mol­ecules self-assemble via N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds to form a supra­molecular hexa­gonal-shaped motif. In addition, the nitrate anions and water mol­ecules are connected by N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds to form a three-dimensional network. PMID:21589188

  3. The E1 proteins

    SciTech Connect

    Bergvall, Monika; Melendy, Thomas; Archambault, Jacques

    2013-10-15

    E1, an ATP-dependent DNA helicase, is the only enzyme encoded by papillomaviruses (PVs). It is essential for replication and amplification of the viral episome in the nucleus of infected cells. To do so, E1 assembles into a double-hexamer at the viral origin, unwinds DNA at the origin and ahead of the replication fork and interacts with cellular DNA replication factors. Biochemical and structural studies have revealed the assembly pathway of E1 at the origin and how the enzyme unwinds DNA using a spiral escalator mechanism. E1 is tightly regulated in vivo, in particular by post-translational modifications that restrict its accumulation in the nucleus. Here we review how different functional domains of E1 orchestrate viral DNA replication, with an emphasis on their interactions with substrate DNA, host DNA replication factors and modifying enzymes. These studies have made E1 one of the best characterized helicases and provided unique insights on how PVs usurp different host-cell machineries to replicate and amplify their genome in a tightly controlled manner. - Highlights: • The papillomavirus E1 helicase orchestrates replication of the viral DNA genome. • E1 assembles into a double-hexamer at the viral origin with the help of E2. • E1 interacts with cellular DNA replication factors. • E1 unwinds DNA using a spiral escalator mechanism. • Nuclear accumulation of E1 is regulated by post-translational modifications.

  4. [DAX-1 abnormality].

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Ei-ichi

    2002-02-01

    DAX-1 is an orphan nuclear receptor that plays a key role in the development and function of the adrenal gland and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Absence of DAX-1 results in X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita, a human inherited disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. The DAX-1 gene may be responsible for a male-to-female sex reversal syndrome, referred to as dosage sensitive sex reversal(DSS), due to the duplication of a small region of human chromosome Xp21. Dax-1 and Sry have been shown to act antagonistically in the mouse system, where over-expression of Dax-1 leads to female development and increasing activity of Sry to male development. Although these data strongly implicate Dax-1 in sex determination, there is no evidence that DAX-1 is equivalent to DSS in human.

  5. Prokineticin1 and pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Alfaidy, Nadia

    2016-06-01

    Prokineticin 1 (PROK1), also called EG-VEGF, is a peptide of 86 amino acids with multiple biological functions. PROK1 acts via two G-protein coupled receptors: PROKR1 PROKR2. PROK1 is highly expressed in the placenta. This article reports the expression and the role of PROK1 during normal and pathological pregnancies: (i) during early pregnancy, PROK1 exhibits a peak of placental expression shortly before the establishment of the feto-maternal circulation; (ii) its receptors, PROKR1 PROKR2 are highly expressed in human placenta; (iii) its expression is increased by hypoxia; (iv) PROK1 inhibits extravillous trophoblasts migration and invasion and increases their proliferation and survival; (v) PROK1 is also a pro-angiogenic placental factor that increases microvascular placental endothelial cells proliferation, migration, invasion, and permeability. Circulating PROK1 levels are five times higher in pregnant women during the first trimester compared to the second and third trimesters. Also, its serum levels are higher in patients with preeclampsia (PE) and in patients with isolated intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR). In mice, maintaining high level of PROK1 beyond its normal period of production (>10.5dpc) reproduces symptoms of PE. To date, our results demonstrated that PROK1 is a central factor of human placentation with direct roles both in the control of trophoblast invasion and villous growth. Thus, a failure in the expression of PROK1 and/or its receptor during pregnancy may contribute to the development of PE and/or IUGR. Besides theses original findings, we also report a direct role of this factor in parturition. PMID:27172869

  6. SAF1. Standard Agent Framework 1

    SciTech Connect

    Goldsmith, S.Y

    1997-06-01

    The Standard Agent framework provides an extensible object-oriented development environment suitable for use in both research and applications projects. The SAF provides a means for constructing and customizing multi-agent systems through specialization of standard base classes (architecture-driven framework) and by composition of component classes (data driven framework). The standard agent system is implemented as an extensible object-centerd framework. Four concrete base classes are developed: (1) Standard Agency; (2) Standard Agent; (3) Human Factor, and (4) Resources. The object-centered framework developed and utilized provides the best comprimise between generality and flexibility available in agent development systems today.

  7. α1-Antitrypsin deficiency.

    PubMed

    Greene, Catherine M; Marciniak, Stefan J; Teckman, Jeffrey; Ferrarotti, Ilaria; Brantly, Mark L; Lomas, David A; Stoller, James K; McElvaney, Noel G

    2016-01-01

    α1-Antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in SERPINA1, leading to liver and lung disease. It is not a rare disorder but frequently goes underdiagnosed or misdiagnosed as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or cryptogenic liver disease. The most frequent disease-associated mutations include the S allele and the Z allele of SERPINA1, which lead to the accumulation of misfolded α1-antitrypsin in hepatocytes, endoplasmic reticulum stress, low circulating levels of α1-antitrypsin and liver disease. Currently, there is no cure for severe liver disease and the only management option is liver transplantation when liver failure is life-threatening. A1ATD-associated lung disease predominately occurs in adults and is caused principally by inadequate protease inhibition. Treatment of A1ATD-associated lung disease includes standard therapies that are also used for the treatment of COPD, in addition to the use of augmentation therapy (that is, infusions of human plasma-derived, purified α1-antitrypsin). New therapies that target the misfolded α1-antitrypsin or attempt to correct the underlying genetic mutation are currently under development. PMID:27465791

  8. The NLRP1 inflammasomes.

    PubMed

    Chavarría-Smith, Joseph; Vance, Russell E

    2015-05-01

    Inflammasomes are cytosolic protein complexes that serve as platforms for the recruitment and activation of the pro-inflammatory CASPASE-1 protease. CASPASE-1 activation leads to processing and maturation of the cytokines interleukin-1β and interleukin-18 and a lytic form of cell death termed pyroptosis. Inflammasome assembly is initiated by cytosolic sensors in response to microbial infections. Many of these sensors, including NLRP1 (NLR family, pyrin domain containing 1), are described to form an inflammasome, but until recently, the mechanism of inflammasome activation and its physiological functions in host defense have remained unclear. In the last few years, important advances in our understanding of NLRP1 biology have been achieved. In this review, we discuss the activation of NLRP1 by various stimuli, including Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin, Toxoplasma gondii, muramyl dipeptide, and host intracellular ATP depletion. The role NLRP1 plays in pathogen recognition and resistance during infection is also discussed, as is the regulation of NLRP1 by host and viral proteins. We conclude by discussing the unexpected differences in the mechanism of NLRP1 inflammasome activation, as compared to the activation of other inflammasomes, such as the NAIP (NLR family, apoptosis inhibitory protein)/NLRC4 inflammasomes. PMID:25879281

  9. Electronic structure of octane on Cu(1 1 1) and Ni(1 1 1) studied by near edge X-ray absorption fine structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiguchi, Manabu; Entani, Shiro; Ikeda, Susumu; Yoshikawa, Genki; Nakai, Ikuyo; Kondoh, Hiroshi; Ohta, Toshiaki; Saiki, Koichiro

    2007-09-01

    The electronic structure of an octane film grown on Cu(1 1 1) and Ni(1 1 1) was studied using C K-edge near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). A pre-peak was observed on the bulk edge onset for the 1 ML thick octane films on the metal substrates. The pre-peak originated from metal induced gap states (MIGS) in the band gap of octane. The intensity of the pre-peak for octane/Ni(1 1 1) was the same as that of octane/Cu(1 1 1), suggesting that there was little difference in the density of unoccupied MIGS between the octane film on Ni(1 1 1) and Cu(1 1 1). We discuss the metal dependence of the density of unoccupied MIGS on the band structure of the metals.

  10. Event generation with SHERPA 1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Gleisberg, T.; Hoche, Stefan.; Krauss, F.; Schoenherr, M.; Schumann, S.; Siegert, F.; Winter, J.

    2008-12-18

    In this paper the current release of the Monte Carlo event generator Sherpa, version 1.1, is presented. Sherpa is a general-purpose tool for the simulation of particle collisions at high-energy colliders. It contains a very flexible tree-level matrix-element generator for the calculation of hard scattering processes within the Standard Model and various new physics models. The emission of additional QCD partons off the initial and final states is described through a parton-shower model. To consistently combine multi-parton matrix elements with the QCD parton cascades the approach of Catani, Krauss, Kuhn and Webber is employed. A simple model of multiple interactions is used to account for underlying events in hadron-hadron collisions. The fragmentation of partons into primary hadrons is described using a phenomenological cluster-hadronization model. A comprehensive library for simulating tau-lepton and hadron decays is provided. Where available form-factor models and matrix elements are used, allowing for the inclusion of spin correlations; effects of virtual and real QED corrections are included using the approach of Yennie, Frautschi and Suura.

  11. Pandemic H1N1 influenza

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Anand

    2011-01-01

    The 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus that has targeted not only those with chronic medical illness, the very young and old, but also a large segment of the patient population that has previously been afforded relative protection - those who are young, generally healthy, and immune naive. The illness is mild in most, but results in hospitalization and severe ARDS in an important minority. Among those who become critically ill, 20-40% will die, predominantly of severe hypoxic respiratory failure. However, and potentially in part due to the young age of those affected, intensive care with aggressive oxygenation support will allow most people to recover. The volume of patients infected and with critical illness placed substantial strain on the capacity of the health care system and critical care most specifically. Despite this, the 2009 pandemic has engaged our specialty and highlighted its importance like no other. Thus far, the national and global critical care response has been brisk, collaborative and helpful - not only for this pandemic, but for subsequent challenges in years ahead. PMID:22263101

  12. X-1 in flight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1947-01-01

    The Bell Aircraft Corporation X-1-1 (#46-062) in flight. The shock wave pattern in the exhaust plume is visible. The X-1 series aircraft were air-launched from a modified Boeing B-29 or a B-50 Superfortress bombers. The X-1-1 was painted a bright orange by Bell Aircraft. It was thought that the aircraft would be more visable to those doing the tracking during a flight. When NACA received the airplanes they were painted white, which was an easier color to find in the skies over Muroc Air Field in California. This particular craft was nicknamed 'Glamorous Glennis' by Chuck Yeager in honor of his wife, and is now on permanent display in the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC. There were five versions of the Bell X-1 rocket-powered research aircraft that flew at the NACA High-Speed Flight Research Station, Edwards, California. The bullet-shaped X-1 aircraft were built by Bell Aircraft Corporation, Buffalo, N.Y. for the U.S. Army Air Forces (after 1947, U.S. Air Force) and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The X-1 Program was originally designated the XS-1 for EXperimental Sonic. The X-1's mission was to investigate the transonic speed range (speeds from just below to just above the speed of sound) and, if possible, to break the 'sound barrier.' Three different X-1s were built and designated: X-1-1, X-1-2 (later modified to become the X-1E), and X-1-3. The basic X-1 aircraft were flown by a large number of different pilots from 1946 to 1951. The X-1 Program not only proved that humans could go beyond the speed of sound, it reinforced the understanding that technological barriers could be overcome. The X-1s pioneered many structural and aerodynamic advances including extremely thin, yet extremely strong wing sections; supersonic fuselage configurations; control system requirements; powerplant compatibility; and cockpit environments. The X-1 aircraft were the first transonic-capable aircraft to use an all

  13. 26 CFR 1.1-2 - Limitation on tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Limitation on tax. 1.1-2 Section 1.1-2 Internal... Surtaxes § 1.1-2 Limitation on tax. (a) Taxable years ending before January 1, 1971. For taxable years ending before January 1, 1971, the tax imposed by section 1 (whether by subsection (a) or subsection...

  14. 26 CFR 1.1-2 - Limitation on tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Limitation on tax. 1.1-2 Section 1.1-2 Internal... Surtaxes § 1.1-2 Limitation on tax. (a) Taxable years ending before January 1, 1971. For taxable years ending before January 1, 1971, the tax imposed by section 1 (whether by subsection (a) or subsection...

  15. 26 CFR 1.1-2 - Limitation on tax.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Limitation on tax. 1.1-2 Section 1.1-2 Internal... Surtaxes § 1.1-2 Limitation on tax. (a) Taxable years ending before January 1, 1971. For taxable years ending before January 1, 1971, the tax imposed by section 1 (whether by subsection (a) or subsection...

  16. Measurement of the properties of the astrophysically interesting 3/2+ state at 7.101 MeV in 19F

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Butt, Y. M.; Hammer, J. W.; Jaeger, M.; Kunz, R.; Mayer, A.; Parker, P. D.; Schreiter, R.; Staudt, G.

    1998-07-01

    The isospin mirror of the Jπ=3/2+ 18F+p resonance at Ex=7.070 MeV in 19Ne has been measured in 19F via the 15N(α,γ)19F reaction using the RHINOCEROS windowless gas target at the Stuttgart 4-MV Dynamitron facility. This resonance is measured to have the following properties: Ex=7.101+/-0.001 MeV, Γtot=28+/-1 keV, and a strength of ωγ=0.77+/-0.11 eV (corresponding to Γγ=0.39+/-0.06 eV).

  17. Effective temperature of amorphous carbon studied using nuclear-resonance photon scattering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moreh, R.; Beck, O.; Jäger, D.; Finkelstein, Y.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Pitz, H. H.

    1997-07-01

    The effective temperature of isotopic amorphous carbon (13C) was measured, at 295 K, by employing the nuclear resonance photon scattering (NRPS) technique. The photon beam was in the form of bremsstrahlung obtained from an electron beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron, with E=4.1 MeV, and the resonance scattering from the 3089-keV and the 3684-keV levels in 13C was measured. The effective temperature of 13C was found to be (822+/-123) K, which is higher by about 13% than that calculated from the experimental vibrational density of states of amorphous carbon. This deviation is discussed.

  18. The long journey from idea to industrial success

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schlüter, Holger

    2008-02-01

    It is astonishing how long it can take from the first idea to the industrial success of a laser technology product. Three laser technologies in which TRUMPF participated will be investigated from conception to realization. The first case study focuses on the diffusion cooled coaxial CO II laser geometry with diffraction limited resonators. The second case study highlights some of the stages along the very successful route to implementation of the thin disk laser; from the conception at the IFSW1 and the ITP2, both in Stuttgart, to the successful industrial installations in automotive applications. Finally the development of high power diodes for diode pumped solid state lasers is also discussed.

  19. X-1 on display

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1949-01-01

    A Bell Aircraft Corporation X-1 series aircraft on display at an Open House at NACA Muroc Flight Test Unit or High-Speed Flight Research Station hangar on South Base of Edwards Air Force Base, California. (The precise date of the photo is uncertain, but it is probably before 1948.) The instrumentation that was carried aboard the aircraft to gather data is on display. The aircraft data was recorded on oscillograph film that was read, calibrated, and converted into meaningful parameters for the engineers to evaluate from each research flight. In the background of the photo are several early U.S. jets. These include several Lockheed P-80 Shooting Stars, which were used as chase planes on X-1 flights; two Bell P-59 Airacomets, the first U.S. jet pursuit aircraft (fighter in later parlance); and a prototype Republic XP-84 Thunderjet. There were five versions of the Bell X-1 rocket-powered research aircraft that flew at the NACA High-Speed Flight Research Station, Edwards, California. The bullet-shaped X-1 aircraft were built by Bell Aircraft Corporation, Buffalo, N.Y. for the U.S. Army Air Forces (after 1947, U.S. Air Force) and the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The X-1 Program was originally designated the XS-1 for eXperimental Sonic. The X-1's mission was to investigate the transonic speed range (speeds from just below to just above the speed of sound) and, if possible, to break the 'sound barrier.' Three different X-1s were built and designated: X-1-1, X-1-2 (later modified to become the X-1E), and X-1-3. The basic X-1 aircraft were flown by a large number of different pilots from 1946 to 1951. The X-1 Program not only proved that humans could go beyond the speed of sound, it reinforced the understanding that technological barriers could be overcome. The X-1s pioneered many structural and aerodynamic advances including extremely thin, yet extremely strong wing sections; supersonic fuselage configurations; control system requirements; powerplant

  20. HMGB1 loves company.

    PubMed

    Bianchi, Marco E

    2009-09-01

    HMGB1, outside of a cell, is a trigger of inflammation and a stimulus for tissue reconstruction; the balance may depend on the complexes it forms with other molecules. HMGB1 is the prime example of a danger signal that originates from the damaged self rather than from invading pathogens. HMGB1 is released by cells that die traumatically and is secreted by cells destined to die and by activated cells of the innate immunity system. As a danger signal, HMGB1 is expected to trigger inflammation, but recent reports indicate that pure recombinant HMGB1 has no proinflammatory activity and only acts as a chemoattractant and a mitogen. However, HMGB1 forms highly inflammatory complexes with ssDNA, LPS, IL-1beta, and nucleosomes, which interact with TLR9, TLR4, IL-1R, and TLR2 receptors, respectively. Thus, HMGB1 has dual activities, solo or in company; I speculate that this may serve our body's necessity to sacrifice or reconstruct tissues as required by the presence or absence of pathogens.

  1. Identification of Dehalobacter reductive dehalogenases that catalyse dechlorination of chloroform, 1,1,1-trichloroethane and 1,1-dichloroethane

    PubMed Central

    Tang, Shuiquan; Edwards, Elizabeth A.

    2013-01-01

    Two novel reductive dehalogenases (RDases) that are highly similar to each other but catalyse distinct dechlorination reactions were identified from Dehalobacter-containing mixed cultures. These two RDases were partially purified from crude protein extracts of anaerobic dechlorinating enrichment cultures using blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Gel slices were assayed for dechlorinating activity, and associated proteins were identified using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry with the metagenome of the parent culture as the reference database. The two RDases identified, annotated as CfrA and DcrA, share an amino acid identity of 95.2 per cent, but use different substrates: CfrA dechlorinates chloroform (CF) and 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), but not 1,1-dichloroethane; DcrA dechlorinates 1,1-dichloroethane, but not CF or 1,1,1-TCA. These two novel RDases share no more than 40 per cent amino acid identity to any other known or putative RDases, but both have a twin-arginine motif and two iron–sulfur binding motifs conserved in most RDases. Peptides specific to two putative membrane anchor proteins, annotated as CfrB and DcrB, were also detected in gel slices. PMID:23479748

  2. The RAP1GA1 locus for human Rap1-GTPase activating protein 1 maps to chromosome 1p36.1-->p35.

    PubMed

    Weiss, J; Rubinfeld, B; Polakis, P G; McCormick, F; Cavenee, W K; Arden, K C

    1994-01-01

    Using a panel of somatic cell hybrids we have mapped the locus for Rap1-GTPase activating protein 1 (RAP1GA1) to human chromosome 1. Fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments independently confirmed the chromosomal localization and refined it to 1p36.1-->p35.

  3. Arginase-1 deficiency.

    PubMed

    Sin, Yuan Yan; Baron, Garrett; Schulze, Andreas; Funk, Colin D

    2015-12-01

    Arginase-1 (ARG1) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that affects the liver-based urea cycle, leading to impaired ureagenesis. This genetic disorder is caused by 40+ mutations found fairly uniformly spread throughout the ARG1 gene, resulting in partial or complete loss of enzyme function, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of arginine to ornithine and urea. ARG1-deficient patients exhibit hyperargininemia with spastic paraparesis, progressive neurological and intellectual impairment, persistent growth retardation, and infrequent episodes of hyperammonemia, a clinical pattern that differs strikingly from other urea cycle disorders. This review briefly highlights the current understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology of ARG1 deficiency derived from clinical case reports and therapeutic strategies stretching over several decades and reports on several exciting new developments regarding the pathophysiology of the disorder using ARG1 global and inducible knockout mouse models. Gene transfer studies in these mice are revealing potential therapeutic options that can be exploited in the future. However, caution is advised in extrapolating results since the lethal disease phenotype in mice is much more severe than in humans indicating that the mouse models may not precisely recapitulate human disease etiology. Finally, some of the functions and implications of ARG1 in non-urea cycle activities are considered. Lingering questions and future areas to be addressed relating to the clinical manifestations of ARG1 deficiency in liver and brain are also presented. Hopefully, this review will spark invigorated research efforts that lead to treatments with better clinical outcomes. PMID:26467175

  4. 1,4-Dioxane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,4 - Dioxane ; CASRN 123 - 91 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Eff

  5. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,2 - Dichlorobenzene ; CASRN 95 - 50 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinoge

  6. 1,3-Dichlorobenzene

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,3 - Dichlorobenzene ; CASRN 541 - 73 - 1 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinog

  7. Diabetes Type 1

    MedlinePlus

    Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high. With type 1 diabetes, your pancreas does not make insulin. Insulin is ... kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth. Type 1 diabetes happens most often in children and young adults ...

  8. MAP3K1

    PubMed Central

    Pham, Trang T.; Angus, Steven P.

    2013-01-01

    MAP3K1 is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAP3K) family of serine/threonine kinases. MAP3K1 regulates JNK activation and is unique among human kinases in that it also encodes an E3 ligase domain that ubiquitylates c-Jun and ERK1/2. Full length MAP3K1 regulates cell migration and contributes to pro-survival signaling while its caspase 3-mediated cleavage generates a C-terminal kinase domain that promotes apoptosis. The critical function of MAP3K1 in cell fate decisions suggests that it may be a target for deregulation in cancer. Recent large-scale genomic studies have revealed that MAP3K1 copy number loss and somatic missense or nonsense mutations are observed in a significant number of different cancers, being most prominent in luminal breast cancer. The alteration of MAP3K1 in diverse cancer types demonstrates the importance of defining phenotypes for possible therapeutic targeting of tumor cell vulnerabilities created when MAP3K1 function is lost or gained. PMID:24386504

  9. A1C

    MedlinePlus

    A1C is a blood test for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes. It measures your average blood glucose, or blood sugar, level over the past 3 ... A1C alone or in combination with other diabetes tests to make a diagnosis. They also use the ...

  10. MR1 discovery.

    PubMed

    Hashimoto, Keiichiro

    2016-08-01

    The moment of MR1 discovery is described. The MR1 gene is the first and the last reported human MHC-related gene intentionally isolated from the human genome composed of three billion base pairs. Evolutionary considerations formed the basis of its isolation. Some details surrounding the moment and some retrospective descriptions with various kinds of encounters are also included.

  11. 40 CFR 721.10435 - Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10435 Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3... chemical substance identified as phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)- (PMN...

  12. 40 CFR 721.10435 - Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4... Significant New Uses for Specific Chemical Substances § 721.10435 Phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3... chemical substance identified as phenol, 2-(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)- (PMN...

  13. 26 CFR 1.704-1 - Partner's distributive share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... §§ 1.704-1T(b)(1)(ii)(b)(1) and 1.704-1T(b)(4)(xi) as in effect prior to October 19, 2006 (see 26 CFR..., see §§ 1.704-1T(b)(1)(ii)(b)(1) and 1.704-1T(b)(4)(xi) as in effect prior to October 19, 2006 (26...

  14. 26 CFR 1.704-1 - Partner's distributive share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... §§ 1.704-1T(b)(1)(ii)(b)(1) and 1.704-1T(b)(4)(xi) as in effect prior to October 19, 2006 (see 26 CFR..., see §§ 1.704-1T(b)(1)(ii)(b)(1) and 1.704-1T(b)(4)(xi) as in effect prior to October 19, 2006 (26...

  15. Phosphite flux at the sediment-water interface in northern Lake Taihu.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Huimin; Geng, Jinju; Ren, Hongqiang; Xu, Zhaoyi

    2016-02-01

    Phosphite (H2PO3(-), HPO3(2-), +3 valence), a reduced form of phosphorus (P), has been widely detected in water environments. The role of phosphite in the P biogeochemical cycle has not been investigated systematically and quantitative results on phosphite fluxes are lacking. In this study, intact sediment core simulation was employed to measure the flux of phosphite at the sediment-water interface in northern Lake Taihu. Phosphite fluxes (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) ranged from -38.21±1.14 to 7.10±2.18, with an annual average of -4.72±10.40. On the whole, phosphite migrated from water into sediment and the sediment was primarily a sink. The highest seasonal negative phosphite fluxes (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) occurred in winter (-10.44±18.63), followed by summer (-8.04±5.61) and spring (-2.61±4.17). In autumn, phosphite flux was 2.20±4.07. Higher annual average negative fluxes of phosphite (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) appeared in site ZSB (-12.70±17.96), which contained the highest content of total soluble P. The average yearly migration of phosphite in Lake Taihu from water to sediment was estimated to be (4.04±8.88)×10(6) mol y(-1). The transfer of phosphite from water into sediment usually occurs in winter may due to the season's natural tendency to create more favorable conditions for phosphite biogeochemical reactions. Phosphite fluxes showed significant negative correlations with the original phosphite concentration in water (r=-0.840, p<0.01), as well as organic matter (r=-0.720, p<0.01) and phosphate bound to Ca (Ca-Ps) (r=-0.632, p<0.05) in sediment. These results indicate that microbiological processes and P species bound to Ca may play an important role in the P redox cycle. No significant correlations between phosphite fluxes and dissolved oxygen or oxidation-reduction potential were observed. PMID:26580728

  16. Phosphite flux at the sediment-water interface in northern Lake Taihu.

    PubMed

    Qiu, Huimin; Geng, Jinju; Ren, Hongqiang; Xu, Zhaoyi

    2016-02-01

    Phosphite (H2PO3(-), HPO3(2-), +3 valence), a reduced form of phosphorus (P), has been widely detected in water environments. The role of phosphite in the P biogeochemical cycle has not been investigated systematically and quantitative results on phosphite fluxes are lacking. In this study, intact sediment core simulation was employed to measure the flux of phosphite at the sediment-water interface in northern Lake Taihu. Phosphite fluxes (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) ranged from -38.21±1.14 to 7.10±2.18, with an annual average of -4.72±10.40. On the whole, phosphite migrated from water into sediment and the sediment was primarily a sink. The highest seasonal negative phosphite fluxes (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) occurred in winter (-10.44±18.63), followed by summer (-8.04±5.61) and spring (-2.61±4.17). In autumn, phosphite flux was 2.20±4.07. Higher annual average negative fluxes of phosphite (μmol m(-2) d(-1)) appeared in site ZSB (-12.70±17.96), which contained the highest content of total soluble P. The average yearly migration of phosphite in Lake Taihu from water to sediment was estimated to be (4.04±8.88)×10(6) mol y(-1). The transfer of phosphite from water into sediment usually occurs in winter may due to the season's natural tendency to create more favorable conditions for phosphite biogeochemical reactions. Phosphite fluxes showed significant negative correlations with the original phosphite concentration in water (r=-0.840, p<0.01), as well as organic matter (r=-0.720, p<0.01) and phosphate bound to Ca (Ca-Ps) (r=-0.632, p<0.05) in sediment. These results indicate that microbiological processes and P species bound to Ca may play an important role in the P redox cycle. No significant correlations between phosphite fluxes and dissolved oxygen or oxidation-reduction potential were observed.

  17. Adsorption of dichlorodifluoromethane, chlorodifluoromethane, chloropentafluoroethane, 1,1-difluoroethane, and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane on silica gel

    SciTech Connect

    Frere, M.; Berlier, K.; Bougard, J.; Jadot, R. . Service de Thermodynamique)

    1994-10-01

    The CFC's (chlorofluorocarbons) are used as working refrigerants fluids. The most commonly used are R12, R22, and R502 (48.8% R22 and 51.2% R115). Recent concerns of the effects of CFC's on the ozone layer require the development of efficient recovery methods. One technique is to adsorb the fluids onto a porous medium such as silica gel. Thermodynamic data on the adsorption of dichlorodifluoromethane (R12), chlorodifluoromethane (R22), chloropentafluoroethane (R115), 1,1-difluoroethane (R152a), and 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (R134a) on silica gel are required for the design of recovery units. The results are presented here.

  18. 26 CFR 1.6109-1 - Identifying numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., see 26 CFR § 1.6109-1 (revised as of April 1, 1973). ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Identifying numbers. 1.6109-1 Section 1.6109-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.6109-1 Identifying numbers. (a) Information to...

  19. 26 CFR 1.6109-1 - Identifying numbers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., see 26 CFR § 1.6109-1 (revised as of April 1, 1973). ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Identifying numbers. 1.6109-1 Section 1.6109-1...) INCOME TAXES Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.6109-1 Identifying numbers. (a) Information to be...

  20. Spacelab Life Sciences-1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalton, Bonnie P.; Jahns, Gary; Meylor, John; Hawes, Nikki; Fast, Tom N.; Zarow, Greg

    1995-01-01

    This report provides an historical overview of the Spacelab Life Sciences-1 (SLS-1) mission along with the resultant biomaintenance data and investigators' findings. Only the nonhuman elements, developed by Ames Research Center (ARC) researchers, are addressed herein. The STS-40 flight of SLS-1, in June 1991, was the first spacelab flown after 'return to orbit', it was also the first spacelab mission specifically designated as a Life Sciences Spacelab. The experiments performed provided baseline data for both hardware and rodents used in succeeding missions.

  1. 1-Benzyl-4-(naphthalen-1-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazole

    PubMed Central

    Sarmiento-Sánchez, Juan I.; Aguirre, Gerardo; Rivero, Ignacio A.

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C19H15N3, the benzyl group is almost perpendicular to the triazole ring [dihedral angle = 80.64 (8)°], while the napthyl group makes an angle of 30.27 (12)° with the plane of the triazole ring. This conformation is different from the 1-benzyl-4-phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazole analogue, which has the benzyl ring system at an angle of 87.94° and the phenyl group at an angle of 3.35° to the plane of the triazole ring. PMID:21837221

  2. The dehydrogenation of CH4 on Rh(1 1 1), Rh(1 1 0) and Rh(1 0 0) surfaces: A density functional theory study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Baojun; Song, Luzhi; Zhang, Riguang

    2012-02-01

    CH4 dehydrogenation on Rh(1 1 1), Rh(1 1 0) and Rh(1 0 0) surfaces has been investigated by using density functional theory (DFT) slab calculations. On the basis of energy analysis, the preferred adsorption sites of CHx (x = 0-4) and H species on Rh(1 1 1), Rh(1 1 0) and Rh(1 0 0) surfaces are located, respectively. Then, the stable co-adsorption configurations of CHx (x = 0-3) and H are obtained. Further, the kinetic results of CH4 dehydrogenation show that on Rh(1 1 1) and Rh(1 0 0) surfaces, CH is the most abundant species for CH4 dissociation; on Rh(1 1 0) surface, CH2 is the most abundant species, our results suggest that Rh catalyst can resist the carbon deposition in the CH4 dehydrogenation. Finally, results of thermodynamic and kinetic show that CH4 dehydrogenation on Rh(1 0 0) surface is the most preferable reaction pathway in comparison with that on Rh(1 1 1) and Rh(1 1 0) surfaces.

  3. Thiomethylstilbenes as inhibitors of CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1 activities.

    PubMed

    Mikstacka, Renata; Baer-Dubowska, Wanda; Wieczorek, Marcin; Sobiak, Stanislaw

    2008-06-01

    Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural stilbene derivative occurring in grapes, peanuts and red wine. Its chemopreventive action has been established in studies on animal models. Recently, numerous classes of compounds with stilbene backbone have been investigated for their biological activity concerning cancer prevention; e. g. resveratrol methyl ethers appeared to be specific and potent inhibitors of cytochromes P450 (CYP) family 1 involved in the activation of procarcinogens. Since the replacement of the 4'-hydroxyl with a thiomethyl group is supposed to reduce toxicity of stilbene derivatives, the purpose of this study was the synthesis and evaluation of a series of 4-thiomethyl-trans-stilbene derivatives differing in a number and position of additional methoxy groups. Their inhibitory potency toward human recombinant CYPs: CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1 have been studied and compared with the effect of resveratrol and its analogues. Among compounds tested, 2-methoxy-4'-thiomethyl-trans-stilbene and 3-methoxy-4'-thiomethyl-trans-stilbene demonstrated the most potent and selective inhibitory effect on CYP1A1 and CYP1B1 activities. The results of our study indicate that modification of stilbene derivatives with thiomethyl group may influence the selectivity and inhibitory potency of these compounds toward P450 isozymes. Thus, it should be considered in developing new chemopreventive agents based on their mechanism of action.

  4. DAX-1 (NR0B1) and steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1, NR5A1) in human disease.

    PubMed

    Suntharalingham, Jenifer P; Buonocore, Federica; Duncan, Andrew J; Achermann, John C

    2015-08-01

    DAX-1 (NR0B1) and SF-1 (NR5A1) are two nuclear receptor transcription factors that play a key role in human adrenal and reproductive development. Loss of DAX-1 function is classically associated with X-linked adrenal hypoplasia congenita. This condition typically affects boys and presents as primary adrenal insufficiency in early infancy or childhood, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism at puberty and impaired spermatogenesis. Late onset forms of this condition and variant phenotypes are increasingly recognized. In contrast, disruption of SF-1 only rarely causes adrenal insufficiency, usually in combination with testicular dysgenesis. Variants in SF-1/NR5A1 more commonly cause a spectrum of reproductive phenotypes ranging from 46,XY DSD (partial testicular dysgenesis or reduced androgen production) and hypospadias to male factor infertility or primary ovarian insufficiency. Making a specific diagnosis of DAX-1 or SF-1 associated conditions is important for long-term monitoring of endocrine and reproductive function, appropriate genetic counselling for family members, and for providing appropriate informed support for young people. PMID:26303087

  5. Liquid-liquid equilibria for hydrogen fluoride + 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane + 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane at {minus}20 and 20 C

    SciTech Connect

    Kang, Y.W.; Lee, Y.Y.

    1995-03-01

    1,1-Dichloro-1-fluoroethane is presently under consideration as a replacement for trichlorofluoromethane, which is widely used as a foam blowing agent. 1-Chloro-1,1-difluoroethane is the major raw material for the production of poly(vinylidene fluoride). These two materials are normally manufactured by the fluorination of 1,1,1-trichloroethane or vinylidene chloride with hydrogen fluoride. A phase separator is normally used to retrieve hydrogen fluoride from the product stream. To design the phase separator, liquid-liquid equilibrium data are required. Liquid-liquid equilibria for the ternary system (hydrogen fluoride + 1,1-dichloro-1-fluoroethane + 1-chloro-1,1-difluoroethane) have been measured at {minus}20 and 20 C. The results are correlated with the NRTL model, and the relevant parameters are presented.

  6. 40 CFR 721.10373 - 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10373 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as 1H-imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)- (PMN...

  7. 40 CFR 721.10373 - 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10373 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as 1H-imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)- (PMN...

  8. 40 CFR 721.10373 - 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. 721... Substances § 721.10373 1H-Imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)-. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified as 1H-imidazole, 1-(1-methylethyl)- (PMN...

  9. Substituted 1,1,1-Triaryl-2,2,2-Trifluoroethanes and processes for their synthesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Alston, William B. (Inventor); Gratz, Roy F. (Inventor)

    1988-01-01

    Synthetic procedures are described for tetraalkyls, tetraacids and dianhydrides substituted 1,1,1-triaryl-2,2,2-trifluoroethanes which comprises: (1) 1,1-bis(dialkylaryl)-1 aryl-2,2,2-trifluoroethane; (2) 1,1-bis(dicarboxyaryl)-1 aryl-2,2,2-trifluoroethane; or (3) cyclic dianhydride or diamine of 1,1-bis(dialkylaryl)-1 aryl-2,2,2,-trifluoroethanes.

  10. PBT-1 Prana Biotechnology.

    PubMed

    Huckle, Richard

    2005-01-01

    PBT-1 (clioquinol), is undergoing phase II clinical trials by Prana Biotechnology Ltd for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. By October 2004, the company had planned phase III trials for the first half of 2005. PMID:15675609

  11. IML-1 Logo

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1989-01-01

    The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide and a virus. More than 200 scientists from 16 countries participated in the investigations. This is the logo or emblem that was designed to represent the IML-1 payload.

  12. Vitamin B1

    MedlinePlus

    ... Flash 6 » Sound: No High score: Yes Credits » Chicken Farm Game - Why do we need vitamin B1? - ... save lives. You have one minute to feed chickens suffering from beriberi with the correct food to ...

  13. A1C Test

    MedlinePlus

    ... to minimize the complications caused by chronically elevated glucose levels, such as progressive damage to body organs like the kidneys, eyes, cardiovascular system, and nerves. The A1c test result ...

  14. Type 1 diabetes

    MedlinePlus

    ... your diabetes. But, you are the most important person in managing your diabetes. You should know the basic steps ... to your doctor before starting any exercise program. People with type 1 ... MANAGING YOUR BLOOD SUGAR Checking your blood sugar level ...

  15. Interferon Alfacon-1 Injection

    MedlinePlus

    ... ordered interferon alfacon-1 to help treat your hepatitis C infection. The drug will be injected under your ... a synthetic interferon that helps to prevent the hepatitis C virus from growing inside your body. This medication ...

  16. Type 1 diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Atkinson, Mark A; Eisenbarth, George S; Michels, Aaron W

    2015-01-01

    Over the past decade, knowledge of the pathogenesis and natural history of type 1 diabetes has grown substantially, particularly with regard to disease prediction and heterogeneity, pancreatic pathology, and epidemiology. Technological improvements in insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors help patients with type 1 diabetes manage the challenge of lifelong insulin administration. Agents that show promise for averting debilitating disease-associated complications have also been identified. However, despite broad organisational, intellectual, and fiscal investments, no means for preventing or curing type 1 diabetes exists, and, globally, the quality of diabetes management remains uneven. This Seminar discusses current progress in epidemiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of type 1 diabetes, and prospects for an improved future for individuals with this disease. PMID:23890997

  17. Chapter 1: Introduction

    SciTech Connect

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    This report describes analysis undertaken by EERE to better understand the extent to which the technologies and market improvements funded by its fiscal year (FY) 2006 Budget Request1 will make energy more affordable, cleaner, and more reliable.

  18. X1 Exoskeleton

    NASA Video Gallery

    NASA's Ironman-Like Exoskeleton Could Give Astronauts, Paraplegics Improved Mobility and Strength. While NASA's X1 robotic exoskeleton can't do what you see in the movies, the latest robotic, space...

  19. Child with NF1

    MedlinePlus

    ... disorder. Such discoveries have already resulted in new methods of diagnosis. The likelihood of finding effective treatments for NF1, in the years ahead, is promising. Scientists are actively researching the disorder at centers throughout ...

  20. Probability 1/e

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koo, Reginald; Jones, Martin L.

    2011-01-01

    Quite a number of interesting problems in probability feature an event with probability equal to 1/e. This article discusses three such problems and attempts to explain why this probability occurs with such frequency.

  1. CSF-1 signal transduction.

    PubMed

    Hamilton, J A

    1997-08-01

    Colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) or macrophage-CSF (M-CSF) is a growth factor involved in the proliferation, differentiation, and activation of cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage. Its receptor is the homodimeric, tyrosine kinase product of the c-fms proto-oncogene, which contains a so-called kinase insert domain. This review focuses mainly on recent studies of signal transduction events that are initiated on interaction of CSF-1 and its receptor. A summary is given of the tyrosine autophosphorylation sites on c-Fms identified to date, including their interaction with various substrates and their possible significance for signal transduction and cellular function. In addition, the signal transduction pathways that have been identified to lie downstream of activated c-Fms are reviewed. Although it is apparent that there have been many recent significant developments in our understanding of CSF-1 signaling, a number of examples are mentioned of significant discrepancies in the literature, some possible reasons for which can sometimes be offered. It is also apparent that any particular biochemical response or signal transduction pathway, even though widespread in other ligand receptor/cellular systems, including those with similar receptor structures to c-Fms, may not be relevant to CSF-1 signaling. The relevance of any potentially important molecular signaling pathway activated by CSF-1 in cells in vitro will ultimately have to be related to the functions of monocytes/macrophages in vivo.

  2. Polymorphisms of UGT1A1*6, UGT1A1*27 & UGT1A1*28 in three major ethnic groups from Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Teh, L. K.; Hashim, H.; Zakaria, Z. A.; Salleh, M. Z.

    2012-01-01

    Background & objectives: Genetic polymorphisms of uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) have been associated with a wide variation of responses among patients prescribed with irinotecan. Lack of this enzyme is known to be associated with a high incidence of severe toxicity. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of three different variants of UGT1A1 (UGT1A1*6, UGT1A1*27 and UGT1A1*28), which are associated with reduced enzyme activity and increased irinotecan toxicity, in the three main ethnic groups in Malaysia (Malays, Chinese and Indians). Methods: A total of 306 healthy unrelated volunteers were screened for UGT1A1*28, UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*27. Blood samples (5 ml) were obtained from each subject and DNA was extracted. PCR based methods were designed and validated for detection of UGT1A1*6, UGT1A1*27 and UGT1A1*28. Direct DNA sequencing was performed to validate the results of randomly selected samples. Results: Malays and Indian have two-fold higher frequency of homozygous of UGT1A1*28 (7TA/7TA) which was 8 and 8.8 per cent, respectively compared to the Chinese (4.9%). However, the distribution of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*27 showed no significant differences among them. UGT1A1*27 which has not been detected in Caucasian and African American population, was found in the Malaysian Malays (3.33%) and Malaysian Chinese (2.0%). Interpretation & conclusions: There was interethnic variability in the frequency of UGT1A1*28 in the Malaysian population. Our results suggest that genotyping of UGT1A1*6, UGT1A1*28 and UGT1A1*27 need to be performed before patients are prescribed with irinotecan due to their high prevalence of allelic variant which could lead to adverse drug reaction. PMID:22960892

  3. Thermal chemistry of 2-halo-1-propanols on Ni(1 1 1) and Cu(1 1 1) surfaces: A UBI-QEP energetic modeling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mirzanejad, Amir

    2015-12-01

    The effect of β-halogen substitutions on the thermal chemistry of 1-propanol over Ni(1 1 1) and Cu(1 1 1) single-crystal surfaces was investigated using the method of unity bond index-quadratic exponential potential (UBI-QEP). This method was employed to investigate the energetics of the catalytic conversion routes of the ad-molecule mainly at the zero-coverage limit by calculating activation barriers and enthalpy changes for surface reactions. The alcohol molecule can be oxidized partially and totally over the Ni surface, however, the molecule is rather inactive on Cu. The β-halogen substitution makes extensive conversion of the alcohol possible on the Cu surface and changes conversion pathways on the Ni surface. It was found that halogen substitution as well as hydrogen bonding can affect the reactivity and conversion routes of the molecules on Ni and Cu surfaces. On account of energetic criteria, the predicted routes for decompositions and the TPD patterns for the surface species are in accord with the available experimental observations.

  4. 26 CFR 1.952-1 - Subpart F income defined.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 957(b). (b) Exclusion of U.S. income—(1) Taxable years beginning before January 1, 1967. For rules applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1967, see 26 CFR 1.952-1(b)(1) (Revisedof April 1... of an inclusion under section 951(a)(1)(A) from each separate category as defined in §...

  5. 26 CFR 1.50-1 - Restoration of credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Restoration of credit. 1.50-1 Section 1.50-1... Computing Credit for Investment in Certain Depreciable Property § 1.50-1 Restoration of credit. (a) In general. Section 49(a) (relating to termination of credit) does not apply to property— (1)...

  6. 26 CFR 1.1377-1 - Pro rata share.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Pro rata share. 1.1377-1 Section 1.1377-1...) INCOME TAXES Small Business Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.1377-1 Pro rata share. (a) Computation of pro rata shares—(1) In general. For purposes of subchapter S of chapter 1 of the...

  7. 26 CFR 1.666(a)-1 - Amount allocated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amount allocated. 1.666(a)-1 Section 1.666(a)-1... Beginning Before January 1, 1969 § 1.666(a)-1 Amount allocated. (a)(1) If a trust other than a foreign trust... had the following amounts of undistributed net income: Year Undistributed net income—portion of...

  8. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  9. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years beginning...

  10. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years beginning...

  11. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  12. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  13. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31,...

  14. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  15. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  16. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  17. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all references...

  18. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  19. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  20. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  1. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  2. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  3. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  4. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  5. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  6. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  7. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  8. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  9. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  10. 26 CFR 1.280B-1 - Demolition of structures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ..., the term structure means a building, as defined in § 1.48-1(e)(1), including the structural components... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Demolition of structures. 1.280B-1 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Items Not Deductible § 1.280B-1 Demolition of structures. (a) In...

  11. 26 CFR 1.23-1 - Residential energy credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Residential energy credit. 1.23-1 Section 1.23-1... Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.23-1 Residential energy credit. (a) General rule. Section 23 or former section 44C provides a residential energy credit against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the...

  12. 26 CFR 1.23-1 - Residential energy credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Residential energy credit. 1.23-1 Section 1.23-1... Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.23-1 Residential energy credit. (a) General rule. Section 23 or former section 44C provides a residential energy credit against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the...

  13. 26 CFR 1.23-1 - Residential energy credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Residential energy credit. 1.23-1 Section 1.23-1... Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.23-1 Residential energy credit. (a) General rule. Section 23 or former section 44C provides a residential energy credit against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the...

  14. 26 CFR 1.23-1 - Residential energy credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Residential energy credit. 1.23-1 Section 1.23-1... Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.23-1 Residential energy credit. (a) General rule. Section 23 or former section 44C provides a residential energy credit against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the...

  15. 26 CFR 1.23-1 - Residential energy credit.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Residential energy credit. 1.23-1 Section 1.23-1... Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.23-1 Residential energy credit. (a) General rule. Section 23 or former section 44C provides a residential energy credit against the tax imposed by chapter 1 of the...

  16. 7 CFR 1.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 1.1 Section 1.1 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.1 Purpose and scope... process. This subpart also serves as the implementing regulations (referred to in § 1.3,...

  17. 45 CFR 1.1 - Location of HHS regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Location of HHS regulations. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION HHS'S REGULATIONS § 1.1... of the Secretary administers are located in Parts 1-99 of Title 45. • Health regulations are...

  18. 45 CFR 1.1 - Location of HHS regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Location of HHS regulations. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION HHS'S REGULATIONS § 1.1... of the Secretary administers are located in Parts 1-99 of Title 45. • Health regulations are...

  19. 7 CFR 1.1 - Purpose and scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Purpose and scope. 1.1 Section 1.1 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Official Records § 1.1 Purpose and scope... process. This subpart also serves as the implementing regulations (referred to in § 1.3,...

  20. 45 CFR 1.1 - Location of HHS regulations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Location of HHS regulations. 1.1 Section 1.1 Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION HHS'S REGULATIONS § 1.1... of the Secretary administers are located in Parts 1-99 of Title 45. • Health regulations are...