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Sample records for 1 year 1

  1. Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds

    MedlinePlus

    ... Español Text Size Email Print Share Emotional Development: 1 Year Olds Page Content Article Body Throughout her ... for shelter. She may seem to change from one moment to the next, or she may seem ...

  2. Social Development: 1 Year Olds

    MedlinePlus

    ... Stages Prenatal Baby Toddler Fitness Nutrition Toilet Training Preschool Gradeschool Teen Young Adult Healthy Children > Ages & Stages > Toddler > Social Development: 1 Year Olds Ages & Stages Listen Español ...

  3. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  4. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  5. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  6. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  7. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  8. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  9. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  10. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  11. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  12. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  13. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  14. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  15. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  16. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.809-1 Section 1.809-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  17. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through 1.815-6, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  18. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all...

  19. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  20. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.812-1 Section 1.812-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1.812-8, except as otherwise provided therein, are applicable only to taxable years...

  1. 26 CFR 1.819-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.819-1 Section 1.819-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.819-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.819-2 is applicable only to taxable years beginning...

  2. 26 CFR 1.811-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.811-1 Section 1.811-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.811-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.811-2, except as otherwise provided therein, is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December...

  3. 26 CFR 1.819-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.819-1 Section 1.819-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.819-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.819-2 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all references to sections of part...

  4. 26 CFR 1.819-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.819-1 Section 1.819-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.819-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.819-2 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all references to sections of part...

  5. 26 CFR 1.819-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.819-1 Section 1.819-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.819-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.819-2 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957, and all references to sections of part...

  6. 26 CFR 1.811-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.811-1 Section 1.811-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.811-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.811-2, except as otherwise provided therein, is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December...

  7. 26 CFR 1.811-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.811-1 Section 1.811-1...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.811-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.811-2, except as otherwise provided therein, is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December...

  8. 26 CFR 1.818-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.818-1 Section 1.818-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.818-2 through 1.818-8, except as otherwise provided...

  9. 26 CFR 1.662(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.662(c)-1 Section 1... Corpus § 1.662(c)-1 Different taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of an estate or trust, the amount he is required to include...

  10. 26 CFR 1.662(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.662(c)-1 Section 1... Corpus § 1.662(c)-1 Different taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of an estate or trust, the amount he is required to include...

  11. 26 CFR 1.662(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.662(c)-1 Section 1... Corpus § 1.662(c)-1 Different taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of an estate or trust, the amount he is required to include...

  12. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1 - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1 Section 1.665... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1 Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition. For purposes of subpart...

  13. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1 - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1 Section 1.665... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1 Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition. For purposes...

  14. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1 - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1 Section 1.665... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1 Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition. For purposes...

  15. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1 - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1 Section 1.665... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1 Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition. For purposes...

  16. 26 CFR 1.815-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.815-1 Section 1.815-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Distributions to Shareholders § 1.815-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.815-2 through...

  17. 26 CFR 1.662(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.662(c)-1 Section 1...)-1 Different taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of an estate or trust, the amount he is required to include in...

  18. 26 CFR 1.652(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.652(c)-1 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Trusts Which Distribute Current Income Only § 1.652(c)-1 Different taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable...

  19. 26 CFR 1.812-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.812-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.812-2 through 1... Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended by the Life Insurance Company Income Tax Act of 1959 (73...

  20. 26 CFR 1.536-1 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Short taxable years. 1.536-1 Section 1.536-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... years. Accumulated taxable income for a taxable year consisting of a period of less than 12 months...

  1. 26 CFR 1.536-1 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Short taxable years. 1.536-1 Section 1.536-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... years. Accumulated taxable income for a taxable year consisting of a period of less than 12 months...

  2. 26 CFR 1.536-1 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Short taxable years. 1.536-1 Section 1.536-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... years. Accumulated taxable income for a taxable year consisting of a period of less than 12 months...

  3. 26 CFR 1.536-1 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.536-1 Section 1.536-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... years. Accumulated taxable income for a taxable year consisting of a period of less than 12 months...

  4. 26 CFR 1.536-1 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.536-1 Section 1.536-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED... years. Accumulated taxable income for a taxable year consisting of a period of less than 12 months...

  5. 26 CFR 1.652(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.652(c)-1 Section 1... taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of the trust, the amount he is required to include in gross income in accordance with...

  6. 26 CFR 1.652(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.652(c)-1 Section 1... taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of the trust, the amount he is required to include in gross income in accordance with...

  7. 26 CFR 1.652(c)-1 - Different taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Different taxable years. 1.652(c)-1 Section 1... taxable years. If a beneficiary has a different taxable year (as defined in section 441 or 442) from the taxable year of the trust, the amount he is required to include in gross income in accordance with...

  8. 26 CFR 1.810-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.810-1 Section 1.810-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.810-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.810-2 through 1.810-4 are applicable only to...

  9. 26 CFR 1.817-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.817-1 Section 1.817-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.817-1 Taxable years affected. Except as otherwise provided therein, §§ 1.817-2 through 1.817-4...

  10. Project LIFT: Year 1 Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Michael; Piccinino, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Research for Action (RFA) is currently in the second year of a five-year external evaluation of the Project Leadership and Investment for Transformation (LIFT) Initiative in the Charlotte-Mecklenburg School District (CMS). Project LIFT is a public-private partnership between CMS and the local philanthropic and business communities in Charlotte,…

  11. Language Development: 1 Year Olds

    MedlinePlus

    ... you really mean “toes.” By providing a good language model, you’ll help him learn to talk with a minimum of confusion. Most toddlers master at least fifty spoken words by the end of the second year and can put two words together to ...

  12. 26 CFR 1.811-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.811-1 Taxable years affected. Section 1.811-2, except as... 1954, as amended by the Life Insurance Company Income Tax Act of 1959 (73 Stat. 112)....

  13. 26 CFR 1.809-1 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES Gain and Loss from Operations § 1.809-1 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.809 through 1.809... Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended by the Life Insurance Company Income Tax Act of 1959 (73...

  14. Fifty years with nuclear fission. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    Behrens, J.W.; Carlson, A.D.

    1989-12-31

    The news of the discovery of nuclear fission, by Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann in Germany, was brought to the United States by Niels Bohr in January 1939. Since its discovery, the United States, and the world for that matter, has never been the same. It therefore seemed appropriate to acknowledge the fifieth anniversary of its discovery by holding a topical meeting entitled, ``Fifty Years with Nuclear Fission,`` in the United States during the year 1989. The objective of the meeting was to bring together pioneers of the nuclear industry and other scientists and engineers to report on reminiscences of the past and on the more recent development in fission science and technology. The conference highlighted the early pioneers of the nuclear industry by dedicated a full day (April 26), consisting of two plenary sessions, at the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington, DC. More recent developments in fission science and technology in addition to historical reflections were topics for two fully days of sessions (April 27 and 28) at the main site of the NIST in Gaithersburg, Maryland. The wide range of topics covered in this Volume 1 by this topical meeting included plenary invited, and contributed sessions entitled: Preclude to the First Chain Reaction -- 1932 to 1942; Early Fission Research -- Nuclear Structure and Spontaneous Fission; 50 Years of Fission, Science, and Technology; Nuclear Reactors, Secure Energy for the Future; Reactors 1; Fission Science 1; Safeguards and Space Applications; Fission Data; Nuclear Fission -- Its Various Aspects; Theory and Experiments in Support of Theory; Reactors and Safeguards; and General Research, Instrumentation, and By-Product. The individual papers have been cataloged separately.

  15. 26 CFR 1.821-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.821-2 Section 1.821-2... Premium Deposits) § 1.821-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.821-1 is applicable only to taxable years... 1954, before amendments. Section 1.821-3 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  16. 26 CFR 1.821-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.821-2 Section 1.821-2... Premium Deposits) § 1.821-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.821-1 is applicable only to taxable years... 1954, before amendments. Section 1.821-3 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  17. 26 CFR 1.821-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.821-2 Section 1.821-2... Premium Deposits) § 1.821-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.821-1 is applicable only to taxable years... 1954, before amendments. Section 1.821-3 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after...

  18. 26 CFR 1.822-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.822-4 Section 1.822-4... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-4 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.822-1 through 1.822-3 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending...

  19. 26 CFR 1.822-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.822-4 Section 1.822-4... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-4 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.822-1 through 1.822-3 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending...

  20. 26 CFR 1.822-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.822-4 Section 1.822-4... Premium Deposits) § 1.822-4 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.822-1 through 1.822-3 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending...

  1. 26 CFR 1.415(j)-1 - Limitation year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    .... (a) In general. Unless the terms of a plan provide otherwise, the limitation year, with respect to any qualified plan maintained by the employer, is the calendar year. (b) Alternative limitation year... the fiscal year satisfies the requirements of section 441(f). A plan may only provide for...

  2. 26 CFR 1.415(j)-1 - Limitation year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... (a) In general. Unless the terms of a plan provide otherwise, the limitation year, with respect to any qualified plan maintained by the employer, is the calendar year. (b) Alternative limitation year... the fiscal year satisfies the requirements of section 441(f). A plan may only provide for...

  3. 26 CFR 1.415(j)-1 - Limitation year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... general. Unless the terms of a plan provide otherwise, the limitation year, with respect to any qualified plan maintained by the employer, is the calendar year. (b) Alternative limitation year election. The... fiscal year satisfies the requirements of section 441(f). A plan may only provide for one limitation...

  4. 26 CFR 1.415(j)-1 - Limitation year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    .... (a) In general. Unless the terms of a plan provide otherwise, the limitation year, with respect to any qualified plan maintained by the employer, is the calendar year. (b) Alternative limitation year... the fiscal year satisfies the requirements of section 441(f). A plan may only provide for...

  5. 26 CFR 1.415(j)-1 - Limitation year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    .... (a) In general. Unless the terms of a plan provide otherwise, the limitation year, with respect to any qualified plan maintained by the employer, is the calendar year. (b) Alternative limitation year... the fiscal year satisfies the requirements of section 441(f). A plan may only provide for...

  6. 26 CFR 1.593-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.593-3 Section 1.593-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mutual Savings Banks, Etc. § 1.593-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.593-1 and 1.593-2 apply only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August...

  7. 26 CFR 1.593-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.593-3 Section 1.593-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mutual Savings Banks, Etc. § 1.593-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.593-1 and 1.593-2 apply only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August...

  8. 26 CFR 1.801-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.801-2 Section 1.801-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.801-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  9. 26 CFR 1.801-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.801-2 Section 1.801-2...) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.801-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and all...

  10. 26 CFR 1.831-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.831-2 Section 1.831-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.831-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.831-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1963, and...

  11. 26 CFR 1.806-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.806-2 Section 1.806-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Investment Income § 1.806-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.806-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  12. 26 CFR 1.802-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.802-2 Section 1.802-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.802-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.802(b)-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  13. 26 CFR 1.802-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.802-2 Section 1.802-2...) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.802-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.802(b)-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and all...

  14. 26 CFR 1.803-7 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.803-7 Section 1.803-7...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-7 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.803-1 through 1.803-6 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before...

  15. 26 CFR 1.832-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.832-3 Section 1.832-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.832-1 and 1.832-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January...

  16. 26 CFR 1.806-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.806-2 Section 1.806-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Investment Income § 1.806-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.806-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  17. 26 CFR 1.806-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.806-2 Section 1.806-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Investment Income § 1.806-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.806-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  18. 26 CFR 1.593-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.593-3 Section 1.593-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mutual Savings Banks, Etc. § 1.593-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.593-1 and 1.593-2 apply only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August...

  19. 26 CFR 1.831-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.831-2 Section 1.831-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.831-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.831-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1963, and...

  20. 26 CFR 1.801-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.801-2 Section 1.801-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.801-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  1. 26 CFR 1.802-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.802-2 Section 1.802-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.802-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.802(b)-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  2. 26 CFR 1.803-7 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.803-7 Section 1.803-7...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-7 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.803-1 through 1.803-6 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before...

  3. 26 CFR 1.832-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.832-3 Section 1.832-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.832-1 and 1.832-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January...

  4. 26 CFR 1.832-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.832-3 Section 1.832-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.832-1 and 1.832-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January...

  5. 26 CFR 1.801-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.801-2 Section 1.801-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.801-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.801-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  6. 26 CFR 1.831-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.831-2 Section 1.831-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Other Insurance Companies § 1.831-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.831-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1963, and...

  7. 26 CFR 1.803-7 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.803-7 Section 1.803-7...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-7 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.803-1 through 1.803-6 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before...

  8. 26 CFR 1.593-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.593-3 Section 1.593-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mutual Savings Banks, Etc. § 1.593-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.593-1 and 1.593-2 apply only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August...

  9. 26 CFR 1.802-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.802-2 Section 1.802-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Life Insurance Companies § 1.802-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.802(b)-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and before January 1, 1955, and...

  10. 26 CFR 1.593-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.593-3 Section 1.593-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Mutual Savings Banks, Etc. § 1.593-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.593-1 and 1.593-2 apply only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, and ending after August...

  11. 26 CFR 1.1502-79 - Separate return years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Separate return years. 1.1502-79 Section 1.1502... years. (a) Carryover and carryback of consolidated net operating losses to separate return years. For losses arising in consolidated return years beginning before January 1, 1997, see § 1.1502-79A(a)....

  12. 26 CFR 1.1502-79 - Separate return years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Separate return years. 1.1502-79 Section 1.1502... years. (a) Carryover and carryback of consolidated net operating losses to separate return years. For losses arising in consolidated return years beginning before January 1, 1997, see § 1.1502-79A(a)....

  13. 26 CFR 1.1502-79 - Separate return years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Separate return years. 1.1502-79 Section 1.1502... years. (a) Carryover and carryback of consolidated net operating losses to separate return years. For losses arising in consolidated return years beginning before January 1, 1997, see § 1.1502-79A(a)....

  14. 26 CFR 1.1502-79 - Separate return years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Separate return years. 1.1502-79 Section 1.1502... years. (a) Carryover and carryback of consolidated net operating losses to separate return years. For losses arising in consolidated return years beginning before January 1, 1997, see § 1.1502-79A(a)....

  15. 26 CFR 1.522-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.522-4 Section 1.522-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.522-4 Taxable years affected. Section 522 and §§ 1.522-1, 1.522-2, and 1.522-3, are applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1963, and...

  16. 26 CFR 1.522-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.522-4 Section 1.522-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.522-4 Taxable years affected. Section 522 and §§ 1.522-1, 1.522-2, and 1.522-3, are applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1963, and...

  17. 26 CFR 1.522-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.522-4 Section 1.522-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.522-4 Taxable years affected. Section 522 and §§ 1.522-1, 1.522-2, and 1.522-3, are applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1963, and...

  18. 26 CFR 1.522-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Taxable years affected. 1.522-4 Section 1.522-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.522-4 Taxable years affected. Section 522 and §§ 1.522-1, 1.522-2, and 1.522-3, are applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1963, and...

  19. 26 CFR 1.522-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.522-4 Section 1.522-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Farmers' Cooperatives § 1.522-4 Taxable years affected. Section 522 and §§ 1.522-1, 1.522-2, and 1.522-3, are applicable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1963, and...

  20. 26 CFR 1.806-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.806-2 Section 1.806-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Investment Income § 1.806-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.806-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning after December...

  1. 26 CFR 1.831-2 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.831-2 Section 1.831-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Other Insurance Companies § 1.831-2 Taxable years affected. Section 1.831-1 is applicable only to taxable years beginning...

  2. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1A - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1A Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning on Or After January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1A Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition—(1)...

  3. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1A - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1A Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning on Or After January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1A Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition—(1) Domestic...

  4. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1A - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1A Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning on Or After January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1A Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition—(1)...

  5. 26 CFR 1.665(e)-1A - Preceding taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Preceding taxable year. 1.665(e)-1A Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Treatment of Excess Distributions of Trusts Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning on Or After January 1, 1969 § 1.665(e)-1A Preceding taxable year. (a) Definition—(1)...

  6. 26 CFR 1.823-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.823-3 Section 1.823-3... Premium Deposits) § 1.823-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.823-1 and 1.823-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending after August...

  7. 26 CFR 1.823-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.823-3 Section 1.823-3... Premium Deposits) § 1.823-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.823-1 and 1.823-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending after August...

  8. 26 CFR 1.823-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.823-3 Section 1.823-3... Premium Deposits) § 1.823-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.823-1 and 1.823-2 are applicable only to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1953, but before January 1, 1955, and ending after August...

  9. Farm Business Management. Instructional Material, Year 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgens, Jim; Myers, Leland

    Designed to provide a basic core om instruction in teaching farm management in Oklahoma, this manual is intended for use in the first year of a three-year adult postsecondary program of instruction. The materials may also be used to teach producers currently engaged in production agriculture. Instructors are encouraged to supplement the…

  10. This Year @NASA - 2010 (Part 1)

    NASA Video Gallery

    For NASA, 2010 was another year of new exploration, exciting discoveries, and important milestones. From spaceflight, to science and technology; from understanding life here on Earth, to where we m...

  11. Tank Waste Remediation System fiscal year 1996 multi-year program plan WBS 1.1. Revision 1, Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    The 1995 Hanford Mission Plan specifically addresses the tank waste issue and clarifies the link with other initiatives, such as improving management practices and the Hanford Site Waste Minimization and Pollution Prevention Awareness Program Plan (DOE/RL-91-31). This document captures the results of decision making regarding the application of systems engineering at the Hanford Site, external involvement policy, and site end-state goals. Section 3.5 of the Hanford Mission Plan on Decisions and Directives provides an integrating discussion of the actions of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), and DOE policy, guidance, and decisions associated with binding agreements such as the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement). Two significant components of the Hanford Mission Plan 1994 planning basis are (1) the decisions regarding the disposition of onsite material inventory, and the key programs and interfaces to accomplish this; and (2) the Program Interface Issues section, which identified issues that stretch across program boundaries.

  12. 26 CFR 1.183-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.183-4 Section 1.183-4...) INCOME TAXES Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations (continued) § 1.183-4 Taxable years... taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969. For provisions applicable to prior taxable years,...

  13. 26 CFR 1.461-1 - General rule for taxable year of deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General rule for taxable year of deduction. 1.461-1 Section 1.461-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Deductions Taken § 1.461-1 General rule for taxable year of deduction....

  14. 26 CFR 1.706-1 - Taxable years of partner and partnership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable years of partner and partnership. 1.706-1 Section 1.706-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Partners and Partnerships § 1.706-1 Taxable years of partner and partnership. (a) Year in...

  15. 26 CFR 1.706-1 - Taxable years of partner and partnership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Taxable years of partner and partnership. 1.706-1 Section 1.706-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Partners and Partnerships § 1.706-1 Taxable years of partner and partnership. (a) Year in...

  16. 26 CFR 301.6851-1 - Termination of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Termination of taxable year. 301.6851-1 Section 301.6851-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE....6851-1 Termination of taxable year. For regulations under section 6851, see §§ 1.6851-1 to...

  17. 26 CFR 301.6851-1 - Termination of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Termination of taxable year. 301.6851-1 Section 301.6851-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE....6851-1 Termination of taxable year. For regulations under section 6851, see §§ 1.6851-1 to...

  18. 26 CFR 301.6851-1 - Termination of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Termination of taxable year. 301.6851-1 Section 301.6851-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE....6851-1 Termination of taxable year. For regulations under section 6851, see §§ 1.6851-1 to...

  19. 26 CFR 301.6851-1 - Termination of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Termination of taxable year. 301.6851-1 Section 301.6851-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE....6851-1 Termination of taxable year. For regulations under section 6851, see §§ 1.6851-1 to...

  20. 26 CFR 301.6851-1 - Termination of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Termination of taxable year. 301.6851-1 Section 301.6851-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) PROCEDURE....6851-1 Termination of taxable year. For regulations under section 6851, see §§ 1.6851-1 to...

  1. 26 CFR 1.1-3 - Change in rates applicable to taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Change in rates applicable to taxable year. 1.1-3 Section 1.1-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-3 Change in rates applicable to taxable year. For computation...

  2. US tornadoes. Part 1: 70-year statistics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fujita, T. T.

    1987-01-01

    If tornadoes were counted as the Gross National Product, no other country on the surface of the earth could come even close to the United States. During the recent 70 year period, the United States produced 31,054 tornadoes which left behind a cumulative path of 132,005 miles (212,396 km) which would circle the world 5.3 times along the equator. In completing the book, staff members of the Satellite and Mesometeorlogy Research Project (1961 to the present) played an important role in collecting, evaluating, and archiving the historical tornado data.

  3. 26 CFR 1.1378-1 - Taxable year of S corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable year of S corporation. 1.1378-1 Section... Taxable year of S corporation. (a) In general. The taxable year of an S corporation must be a permitted year. A permitted year is the required taxable year (i.e., a taxable year ending on December 31),...

  4. Choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year

    MedlinePlus

    Choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year; First aid - choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year; ... or the local emergency number while you begin first aid and CPR. If you are alone, shout for ...

  5. Choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year

    MedlinePlus

    ... choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year; CPR - choking - unconscious adult or child over 1 year ... emergency number while you begin first aid and CPR. If you are alone, shout for help and ...

  6. 26 CFR 1.281-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.281-4 Section 1.281-4...) INCOME TAXES Terminal Railroad Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.281-4 Taxable years affected. (a... §§ 1.281-2 and 1.281-3 shall apply to all taxable years to which either the Internal Revenue Code...

  7. 26 CFR 1.281-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.281-4 Section 1.281-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Terminal Railroad Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.281-4 Taxable years... 281 and §§ 1.281-2 and 1.281-3 shall apply to all taxable years to which either the Internal...

  8. 26 CFR 1.281-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.281-4 Section 1.281-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Terminal Railroad Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.281-4 Taxable years... 281 and §§ 1.281-2 and 1.281-3 shall apply to all taxable years to which either the Internal...

  9. 26 CFR 1.281-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.281-4 Section 1.281-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Terminal Railroad Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.281-4 Taxable years... 281 and §§ 1.281-2 and 1.281-3 shall apply to all taxable years to which either the Internal...

  10. 26 CFR 1.1502-79 - Separate return years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Separate return years. 1.1502-79 Section 1.1502... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Administrative Provisions and Other Rules § 1.1502-79 Separate return years. (a) Carryover and carryback of consolidated net operating losses to separate return years. For losses arising...

  11. 26 CFR 1.6073-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6073-2 Section 1.6073-2...) INCOME TAXES Time for Filing Returns and Other Documents § 1.6073-2 Fiscal years. (a) Individuals other than farmers or fishermen. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the declaration...

  12. 26 CFR 1.6073-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6073-3 Section 1.6073-3...) INCOME TAXES Time for Filing Returns and Other Documents § 1.6073-3 Short taxable years. (a) Individuals other than farmers or fishermen. In the case of short taxable years the declaration shall be filed on...

  13. 26 CFR 1.6073-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6073-2 Section 1.6073-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time for Filing Returns and Other Documents § 1.6073-2 Fiscal years. (a) Individuals other than farmers or fishermen. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis,...

  14. 26 CFR 1.6016-4 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6016-4 Section 1.6016-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6016-4 Short taxable year. (a) Requirement of... taxable year of 52 or 53 weeks, in the case of a corporation which computes its taxable income...

  15. 26 CFR 1.6153-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6153-2 Section 1.6153-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-2 Fiscal years. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the dates prescribed for payment of the estimated tax shall be the...

  16. 26 CFR 1.6153-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6153-3 Section 1.6153-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-3 Short taxable years. In the case of a short taxable year of an individual for which a declaration is required to be filed the estimated...

  17. 26 CFR 1.6073-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6073-3 Section 1.6073-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time for Filing Returns and Other Documents § 1.6073-3 Short taxable years. (a) Individuals other than farmers or fishermen. In the case of short taxable years the declaration shall be...

  18. 26 CFR 1.6016-4 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6016-4 Section 1.6016-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6016-4 Short taxable year. (a) Requirement of... taxable year of 52 or 53 weeks, in the case of a corporation which computes its taxable income...

  19. 26 CFR 1.6016-4 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6016-4 Section 1.6016-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6016-4 Short taxable year. (a) Requirement of... taxable year of 52 or 53 weeks, in the case of a corporation which computes its taxable income...

  20. 26 CFR 1.6153-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6153-3 Section 1.6153-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-3 Short taxable years. In the case of a short taxable year of an individual for which a declaration is required to be filed the estimated...

  1. 26 CFR 1.6153-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6153-2 Section 1.6153-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-2 Fiscal years. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the dates prescribed for payment of the estimated tax shall be the...

  2. 26 CFR 1.6016-4 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6016-4 Section 1.6016-4...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6016-4 Short taxable year. (a) Requirement of... taxable year of 52 or 53 weeks, in the case of a corporation which computes its taxable income...

  3. 26 CFR 1.6153-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6153-2 Section 1.6153-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-2 Fiscal years. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the dates prescribed for payment of the estimated tax shall be the...

  4. 26 CFR 1.6153-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6153-3 Section 1.6153-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-3 Short taxable years. In the case of a short taxable year of an individual for which a declaration is required to be filed the estimated...

  5. 26 CFR 1.6153-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6153-3 Section 1.6153-3...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-3 Short taxable years. In the case of a short taxable year of an individual for which a declaration is required to be filed the estimated...

  6. 26 CFR 1.6153-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6153-2 Section 1.6153-2...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-2 Fiscal years. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the dates prescribed for payment of the estimated tax shall be the...

  7. 26 CFR 1.818-5 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.818-5 Section 1.818-5...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Miscellaneous Provisions § 1.818-5 Short taxable years. (a) In general. Section... Code, is for a period of less than the entire calendar year, then section 443 (relating to returns...

  8. Choking first aid - infant under 1 year - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100221.htm Choking first aid - infant under 1 year - series—Part 1 To ... Loss of consciousness if blockage is not cleared FIRST AID 1. DO NOT perform these steps if the ...

  9. 26 CFR 1.1314(a)-1 - Ascertainment of amount of adjustment in year of error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... of error. 1.1314(a)-1 Section 1.1314(a)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... Years and Special Limitations § 1.1314(a)-1 Ascertainment of amount of adjustment in year of error. (a... ascertained the amount of the tax previously determined for the taxpayer as to whom the error was made for...

  10. 26 CFR 1.706-1 - Taxable years of partner and partnership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., 2002, see § 1.706-3T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 revised April 1, 2002. (c) Closing of partnership... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years of partner and partnership. 1.706...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Partners and Partnerships § 1.706-1 Taxable years of partner...

  11. 26 CFR 1.706-1 - Taxable years of partner and partnership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., 2002, see § 1.706-3T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 revised April 1, 2002. (c) Closing of partnership... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years of partner and partnership. 1.706...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Partners and Partnerships § 1.706-1 Taxable years...

  12. 26 CFR 1.803-7 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.803-7 Section 1.803-7 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Life Insurance Companies § 1.803-7 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.803-1 through 1.803-6 are applicable only to taxable...

  13. 26 CFR 1.832-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.832-3 Section 1.832-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Other Insurance Companies § 1.832-3 Taxable years affected. Sections 1.832-1 and 1.832-2 are applicable only to taxable...

  14. 26 CFR 1.15-1 - Changes in rate during a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Changes in rate during a taxable year. 1.15-1 Section 1.15-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Changes in Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.15-1 Changes in rate during a taxable year. (a) Section 21 applies to all taxpayers,...

  15. 26 CFR 1.1-3 - Change in rates applicable to taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Change in rates applicable to taxable year. 1.1-3 Section 1.1-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.1-3 Change in rates applicable to taxable year. For computation of the tax for a taxable year during which...

  16. 26 CFR 1.183-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.183-4 Section 1.183-4... Taxable years affected. The provisions of section 183 and the regulations thereunder shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969. For provisions applicable to prior...

  17. 26 CFR 1.6655-5 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6655-5 Section 1.6655-5... year. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of section 6655 and these regulations are applicable in the case of a short taxable year (including an initial taxable...

  18. 26 CFR 1.6655-5 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6655-5 Section 1.6655-5... Short taxable year. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of section 6655 and these regulations are applicable in the case of a short taxable year (including...

  19. 26 CFR 1.6655-5 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6655-5 Section 1.6655-5... Short taxable year. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of section 6655 and these regulations are applicable in the case of a short taxable year (including...

  20. 26 CFR 1.183-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.183-4 Section 1.183-4... Taxable years affected. The provisions of section 183 and the regulations thereunder shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969. For provisions applicable to prior...

  1. 26 CFR 1.6655-5 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6655-5 Section 1.6655-5... Short taxable year. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of section 6655 and these regulations are applicable in the case of a short taxable year (including...

  2. 26 CFR 1.183-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Taxable years affected. 1.183-4 Section 1.183-4... Taxable years affected. The provisions of section 183 and the regulations thereunder shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969. For provisions applicable to prior...

  3. 26 CFR 1.6655-5 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6655-5 Section 1.6655-5... Short taxable year. (a) In general. Except as otherwise provided in this section, the provisions of section 6655 and these regulations are applicable in the case of a short taxable year (including...

  4. 26 CFR 1.6153-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fiscal years. 1.6153-2 Section 1.6153-2...) INCOME TAXES Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-2 Fiscal years. In the case of an individual on the fiscal year basis, the dates prescribed for payment of the estimated tax shall be the 15th day of the...

  5. 26 CFR 1.6016-4 - Short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short taxable year. 1.6016-4 Section 1.6016-4...) INCOME TAXES Tax Returns Or Statements § 1.6016-4 Short taxable year. (a) Requirement of declaration. No declaration may be made for a period of more than 12 months. For purposes of this section a taxable year of...

  6. 26 CFR 1.6153-3 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short taxable years. 1.6153-3 Section 1.6153-3...) INCOME TAXES Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6153-3 Short taxable years. In the case of a short taxable year of an individual for which a declaration is required to be filed the estimated tax shall be...

  7. CPR - child 1 to 8 years old - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100215.htm CPR - child 1 to 8 years old - series—Check for responsiveness ... this page, please enable JavaScript. Go to slide 1 out of 3 Go to slide 2 out ...

  8. 26 CFR 1.15-1 - Changes in rate during a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Assume that the law provides that a change in a certain rate of tax shall be applicable only with respect... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Changes in rate during a taxable year. 1.15-1... TAXES Changes in Rates During A Taxable Year § 1.15-1 Changes in rate during a taxable year. (a)...

  9. 26 CFR 1.1314(a)-1 - Ascertainment of amount of adjustment in year of error.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... error. 1.1314(a)-1 Section 1.1314(a)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... Limitations § 1.1314(a)-1 Ascertainment of amount of adjustment in year of error. (a) In computing the amount... of the tax previously determined for the taxpayer as to whom the error was made for the taxable...

  10. 26 CFR 1.15-1 - Changes in rate during a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... capital gain 37,500 Taxable income 87,500 Tax under section 1 (1969 and 1970 rates) 37,690 Alternative Tax... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Changes in rate during a taxable year. 1.15-1 Section 1.15-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX...

  11. 26 CFR 1.15-1 - Changes in rate during a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... capital gain 37,500 Taxable income 87,500 Tax under section 1 (1969 and 1970 rates) 37,690 Alternative Tax... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Changes in rate during a taxable year. 1.15-1 Section 1.15-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX...

  12. 26 CFR 1.15-1 - Changes in rate during a taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... capital gain 37,500 Taxable income 87,500 Tax under section 1 (1969 and 1970 rates) 37,690 Alternative Tax... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Changes in rate during a taxable year. 1.15-1 Section 1.15-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX...

  13. 26 CFR 1.168(k)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Additional first year depreciation deduction. 1.168(k)-1 Section 1.168(k)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.168(k)-1 Additional first...

  14. 26 CFR 1.168(k)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Additional first year depreciation deduction. 1.168(k)-1 Section 1.168(k)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.168(k)-1 Additional first...

  15. Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... Zika & Pregnancy Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old KidsHealth > For Parents > Medical Care and Your 1- to 2-Year-Old Print A A A Text Size ... Following simple instructions? Saying a few words? Combining two words by age 2? The doctor may ask ...

  16. 1 CFR 10.13 - Coverage of prior years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Coverage of prior years. 10.13 Section 10.13 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.13 Coverage of prior years. The...

  17. 1 CFR 10.13 - Coverage of prior years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Coverage of prior years. 10.13 Section 10.13 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.13 Coverage of prior years. The...

  18. 1 CFR 10.13 - Coverage of prior years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Coverage of prior years. 10.13 Section 10.13 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.13 Coverage of prior years. The...

  19. 1 CFR 10.13 - Coverage of prior years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Coverage of prior years. 10.13 Section 10.13 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.13 Coverage of prior years. The...

  20. 1 CFR 10.13 - Coverage of prior years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 1 General Provisions 1 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Coverage of prior years. 10.13 Section 10.13 General Provisions ADMINISTRATIVE COMMITTEE OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER SPECIAL EDITIONS OF THE FEDERAL REGISTER PRESIDENTIAL PAPERS Annual Publication § 10.13 Coverage of prior years. The...

  1. 26 CFR 1.706-1 - Taxable years of partner and partnership.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... CFR part 1 revised April 1, 2002. (6) Certain foreign partners disregarded—(i) Interests of..., 2002, see § 1.706-3T as contained in 26 CFR part 1 revised April 1, 2002. (c) Closing of partnership... the first day of the current taxable year is not the appropriate testing day and require the use...

  2. Tank waste remediation system fiscal year 1998 multi-year work plan WBS 1.1

    SciTech Connect

    Lenseigne, D. L.

    1997-09-15

    The TWRS Project Mission is to manage and immobilize for disposal the Hanford Site radioactive tank waste and cesium (Cs)/strontium (Sr) capsules in a safe, environmentally sound, and cost-effective manner. The scope includes all activities needed to (1) resolve safety issues; (2) operate, maintain, and upgrade the tank farms and supporting infrastructure; (3) characterize, retrieve, pretreat, and immobilize the waste for disposal and tank farm closure; and (4) use waste minimization and evaporation to manage tank waste volumes to ensure that the tank capacities of existing DSTs are not exceeded. The TWRS Project is responsible for closure of assigned operable units and D&D of TWRS facilities.

  3. Fecal Calprotectin in Healthy Children Aged 1-4 Years

    PubMed Central

    Zhu, Qingling; Li, Feng; Wang, Junli; Shen, Lixiao; Sheng, Xiaoyang

    2016-01-01

    Objective Calprotectin has been well emulated recently in adults as well as in children. The aim of this study was to assess fecal calprotectin concentrations in healthy children aged from 1 to 4 years. Methods Volunteers were enlisted from 3 nurseries. A brief questionnaire was used to ensure these children meet the inclusion criteria, and some clinical and sociodemographic factors were collected. Anthro software (version 3.1) was used to calculated Length-for-age Z-scores (LAZ), weight-for-age Z-scores (WAZ), and weight-for-length Z-scores (WLZ) respectively. Fecal calprotectin was detected by a commercially available ELISA. Results In total 274 children were recruited, with age ranging from 1 to 4 years old. The median FC concentration was 83.19 μg/g [range 4.58 to 702.50 μg/g, interquartile range (IQR) 14.69–419.45 μg/g] or 1.92 log10 μg/g (range 0.66 log10 to 2.85 log10 μg/g, IQR 1.17 log10-2.62 log10 μg/g). All of the children were divided into three groups, 1–2 years (12–24 months), 2–3 years (24–36 months), 3–4 years (36–48 months), with median FC concentrations 96.14 μg/g (1.98 log10 μg/g), 81.48 μg/g (1.91 log10 μg/g), 65.36 μg/g (1.82 log10 μg/g), respectively. There was similar FC level between boys and girls. FC concentrations showed a downward trend by the growing age groups. A statistic difference was found in FC concentrations among groups 1–2 years, 2–3 years and 3–4 years (P = 0.016). In inter-groups comparison, a significant difference was found between children aged 1–2 years and children aged 3–4 years (P = 0.007). A negative correlation trend was found between age and FC concentration (Spearman's rho = -0.167, P = 0.005) in all the participants. A simple correlation was performed among WLZ, WAZ, birth weight, or birth length with FC, and there was no correlation being observed. Conclusion Children aged from 1 to 4 years old have lower FC concentrations compared with healthy infants (<1years), and higher FC

  4. 26 CFR 1.451-1 - General rule for taxable year of inclusion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false General rule for taxable year of inclusion. 1....451-1 General rule for taxable year of inclusion. (a) General rule. Gains, profits, and income are to... received during such year shall be included. (For rules relating to the inclusion of partnership income...

  5. 26 CFR 1.6014-1 - Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years... Statements § 1.6014-1 Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970. (a) In... balance of such tax at the time he files the return. In such case, the tax will be computed for...

  6. 26 CFR 1.6014-1 - Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years... Statements § 1.6014-1 Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970. (a) In... balance of such tax at the time he files the return. In such case, the tax will be computed for...

  7. The Year-Two Decline: Exploring the Incremental Experiences of a 1:1 Technology Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swallow, Meredith

    2015-01-01

    Reports on one-to-one (1:1) technology initiatives emphasize overall favorable results; however, comprehensive multiyear studies looked at understate the progressive experiences of teachers and students. A small body of research suggested the second year of 1:1 technology programs manifested difficulties and struggles which significantly…

  8. EMSL Quarterly Highlights Report: 1st Quarter, Fiscal Year 2009

    SciTech Connect

    Showalter, Mary Ann; Kathmann, Loel E.; Manke, Kristin L.

    2009-02-02

    The EMSL Quarterly Highlights Report covers the science, staff and user recognition, and publication activities that occurred during the 1st quarter (October 2008 - December 2008) of Fiscal Year 2009.

  9. Choking first aid - adult or child over 1 year - slideshow

    MedlinePlus

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100222.htm Choking first aid - adult or child over 1 year - series—Part ... occur in as little as 4 minutes. Rapid first aid for choking can save a life. The universal ...

  10. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan. Photographer Year ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan. Photographer Year Built: 1835 Photo Taken: May 13, 1936 VIEW FROM NORTHEAST - Pacific House, 200-222 Calle Principal, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

  11. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan. Photographer Year ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan. Photographer Year Built: 1835 Photo Taken: May 12, 1936 SOUTHEAST - 160 (degrees) (VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST) - Stokes House, 500 Hartnell Street, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

  12. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan, Photographer Year ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan, Photographer Year Built: 1846 Photo Taken: May 12, 1936 VIEW FROM SOUTHWEST - General Fremont House, 539 Hartnell Street, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

  13. 1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan, Photographer Year ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. Historic American Buildings Survey Robert W. Kerrigan, Photographer Year Built: 1843 Photo Taken: May 13, 1936 VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Brown-Underwood Adobe, Pacific & Madison Streets, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

  14. Australian Chemistry Test Item Bank: Years 11 & 12. Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commons, C., Ed.; Martin, P., Ed.

    Volume 1 of the Australian Chemistry Test Item Bank, consisting of two volumes, contains nearly 2000 multiple-choice items related to the chemistry taught in Year 11 and Year 12 courses in Australia. Items which were written during 1979 and 1980 were initially published in the "ACER Chemistry Test Item Collection" and in the "ACER Chemistry Test…

  15. 26 CFR 1.818-5 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... this paragraph as the gain or loss from operations, for the taxable year. (5) The portion of the life... determining the life insurance company taxable income for a period of less than the entire calendar year. (b... following circumstances: (1) If a company which qualifies as a life insurance company is not in...

  16. 26 CFR 1.663(b)-1 - Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year; scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year... Which Distribute Corpus § 1.663(b)-1 Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year; scope. (a) Taxable... thereof that is properly paid or credited to a beneficiary within the first 65 days following the close...

  17. 26 CFR 1.663(b)-1 - Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year; scope.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year... Accumulate Income Or Which Distribute Corpus § 1.663(b)-1 Distributions in first 65 days of taxable year... treat any amount or portion thereof that is properly paid or credited to a beneficiary within the...

  18. 26 CFR 1.6014-1 - Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years...-1 Tax not computed by taxpayer for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970. (a) In general... balance of such tax at the time he files the return. In such case, the tax will be computed for...

  19. Solid Waste Program Fiscal Year 1996 Multi-Year Program Plan WBS 1.2.1, Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This document contains the Fiscal Year 1996 Multi-Year Program Plan for the Solid Waste Program at the Hanford Reservation in Richland, Washington. The Solid Waste Program treats, stores, and disposes of a wide variety of solid wastes consisting of radioactive, nonradioactive and hazardous material types. Solid waste types are typically classified as transuranic waste, low-level radioactive waste, low-level mixed waste, and non-radioactive hazardous waste. This report describes the mission, goals and program strategies for the Solid Waste Program for fiscal year 1996 and beyond.

  20. Sexual function 1-year after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Noerskov, K H; Schjødt, I; Syrjala, K L; Jarden, M

    2016-06-01

    Treatment with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with short and long-term toxicities that can result in alterations in sexual functioning. The aims of this prospective evaluation were to determine: (1) associations between HSCT and increased sexual dysfunction 1 year after treatment; and (2) associations between sexual dysfunction, body image, anxiety and depression. This controlled prospective cohort study was conducted from October 2010 to November 2013. Patients completed assessments 2-3 weeks before HSCT (N=124) and 1 year after treatment (N=63). Assessment included descriptive data, Sexual Functioning Questionnaire, Body Image Scale and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The results showed a significant decline in overall sexual function in both men and women (P=<0.001, P=0.010, respectively), although men generally scored higher than women. Forty-seven percent of men and 60% of women reported at least one physical sexual problem 1 year after HSCT. Patients with chronic GVHD trended toward reporting lower levels of sexual function. Finally, women with chronic GVHD scored lower than those without chronic GVHD on the sexual function problem subscale (P=0.008). Sexual dysfunction remains a major problem for men and women 1 year after HSCT and requires routine evaluation and treatment after HSCT. PMID:26878660

  1. Tank Waste Remediation System fiscal year 1996 multi-year program plan WBS 1.1. Revision 1, Appendix A

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This document is a compilation of data relating to the Tank Waste Remediation System Multi-Year Program. Topics discussed include: management systems; waste volume, transfer and evaporation management; transition of 200 East and West areas; ferricyanide, volatile organic vapor, and flammable gas management; waste characterization; retrieval from SSTs and DSTs; heat management; interim storage; low-level and high-level radioactive waste management; and tank farm closure.

  2. Varicella paediatric hospitalisations in Belgium: a 1-year national survey

    PubMed Central

    Blumental, Sophie; Sabbe, Martine; Lepage, Philippe

    2016-01-01

    Background Varicella universal vaccination (UV) has been implemented in many countries for several years. Nevertheless, varicella UV remains debated in Europe and few data are available on the real burden of infection. We assessed the burden of varicella in Belgium through analysis of hospitalised cases during a 1-year period. Methods Data on children admitted to hospital with varicella were collected through a national network from November 2011 to October 2012. Inclusion criteria were either acute varicella or related complications up to 3 weeks after the rash. Results Participation of 101 hospitals was obtained, covering 97.7% of the total paediatric beds in Belgium. 552 children were included with a median age of 2.1years. Incidence of paediatric varicella hospitalisations reached 29.5/105 person-years, with the highest impact among those 0–4 years old (global incidence and odds of hospitalisation: 79/105 person-years and 1.6/100 varicella cases, respectively). Only 14% (79/552) of the cohort had an underlying chronic condition. 65% (357/552) of children had ≥1 complication justifying their admission, 49% were bacterial superinfections and 10% neurological disorders. Only a quarter of children (141/552) received acyclovir. Incidence of complicated hospitalised cases was 19/105 person-years. Paediatric intensive care unit admission and surgery were required in 4% and 3% of hospitalised cases, respectively. Mortality among Belgian paediatric population was 0.5/106 and fatality ratio 0.2% among our cohort. Conclusions Varicella demonstrated a substantial burden of disease in Belgian children, especially among the youngest. Our thorough nationwide study, run in a country without varicella UV, offers data to support varicella UV in Belgium. PMID:26130380

  3. Anxiety Sensitivity and Panic Attacks: A 1-Year Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Wen; Zinbarg, Richard E.

    2007-01-01

    The hypothesis that anxiety sensitivity (AS) is a risk factor for panic genesis has obtained compelling support, but the clinical/practical importance of AS in panic genesis has been questioned. In addition, the association between panic experience and AS increase has not been clearly demonstrated. Through this 1-year longitudinal study among…

  4. Feeding Your 1- to 2-Year-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... that it eventually becomes 100% cow's milk. continue Iron Intake It's important to watch out for iron deficiency after kids reaches 1 year of age. ... also can lead to anemia. To help prevent iron deficiency: Limit your child's milk intake to 16- ...

  5. The clinical outcome of scaphoid fracture malunion at 1 year.

    PubMed

    Forward, D P; Singh, H P; Dawson, S; Davis, T R C

    2009-02-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effect of malunion of scaphoid fractures on the clinical outcome at 1 year. Forty-two consecutive patients with united scaphoid waist fractures which had been treated non-operatively underwent longitudinal CT scans to confirm union and assess malunion at 12 to 18 weeks after injury. A blind clinical assessment was made and the Patient Evaluation Measure (PEM) and DASH questionnaires were completed by all the patients 1 year after injury. The group consisted of 38 men and four women with a mean age of 31 years at the time of injury. Correlation analysis revealed no significant relationships between any of the outcome measures (range of motion, grip strength and PEM and DASH scores) and any of the three measures of malunion (height-to-length ratio, the dorsal cortical angle and the lateral intra-scaphoid angle). PMID:19129358

  6. [Interferon beta 1-a in multiple sclerosis: 1-year experience in 62 patients].

    PubMed

    Tilbery, C P; Felipe, E; Moreira, M A; Mendes, M F; França, A S

    2000-06-01

    We report the results of a trial of interferon beta 1-a in 62 ambulatory patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Entry criteria included EDSS of 0 to 5.5 and at least two exacerbations in the previous 2 years. The patients received 3 million international units by subcutaneous injections three times a week. The end points were differences in exacerbation rate and treatment effect on disease progression. The annual exacerbation rate for patients that did not take the interferon beta 1-a was 1.32 and for the patients under medication 0.63. The EDSS score in patients that did not take the mediaction was 4.7 and 2.0 for the patients with interferon beta 1-a. Interferon beta 1-a was well tolerated and 85% of patients completed 1 year treatment. PMID:10920406

  7. Nephrotic Syndrome Following H1N1 Influenza in a 3-Year-Old Boy

    PubMed Central

    Ferrara, Pietro; Gatto, Antonio; Vitelli, Ottavio; Liberatore, Pio; del Bufalo, Francesca; Bottaro, Giorgia

    2012-01-01

    Background The pandemic influenza A/H1N1, spread through the world in 2009, producing a serious epidemic in Italy. Complications are generally limited to patients at the extremes of age (<6 months or >65 years) and those with comorbid medical illness. The most frequent complications of influenza involve the respiratory system. Case Presentation A 3-year-old boy with a recent history of upper respiratory tract infection developed a nephrotic syndrome. Together with prednisone, furosemide and albumin bolus, a therapy with oseltamivir was started since the nasopharyngeal swab resulted positive for influenza A/H1N1. Clinical conditions and laboratory findings progressively improved during hospitalization, becoming normal during a 2 month follow up. Conclusion The possibility of a renal involvement after influenza A/H1N1 infection should be considered. PMID:23056898

  8. Secondary preventive medication persistence and adherence 1 year after stroke

    PubMed Central

    Olson, D.M.; Zhao, X.; Pan, W.; Zimmer, L.O.; Goldstein, L.B.; Alberts, M.J.; Fagan, S.C.; Fonarow, G.C.; Johnston, S.C.; Kidwell, C.; LaBresh, K.A.; Ovbiagele, B.; Schwamm, L.; Peterson, E.D.

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Data on long-term use of secondary prevention medications following stroke are limited. The Adherence eValuation After Ischemic stroke–Longitudinal (AVAIL) Registry assessed patient, provider, and system-level factors influencing continuation of prevention medications for 1 year following stroke hospitalization discharge. Methods: Patients with ischemic stroke or TIA discharged from 106 hospitals participating in the American Heart Association Get With The Guidelines–Stroke program were surveyed to determine their use of warfarin, antiplatelet, antihypertensive, lipid-lowering, and diabetes medications from discharge to 12 months. Reasons for stopping medications were ascertained. Persistence was defined as continuation of all secondary preventive medications prescribed at hospital discharge, and adherence as continuation of prescribed medications except those stopped according to health care provider instructions. Results: Of the 2,880 patients enrolled in AVAIL, 88.4% (2,457 patients) completed 1-year interviews. Of these, 65.9% were regimen persistent and 86.6% were regimen adherent. Independent predictors of 1-year medication persistence included fewer medications prescribed at discharge, having an adequate income, having an appointment with a primary care provider, and greater understanding of why medications were prescribed and their side effects. Independent predictors of adherence were similar to those for persistence. Conclusions: Although up to one-third of stroke patients discontinued one or more secondary prevention medications within 1 year of hospital discharge, self-discontinuation of these medications is uncommon. Several potentially modifiable patient, provider, and system-level factors associated with persistence and adherence may be targets for future interventions. PMID:21900638

  9. Weight changes in children in foster care for 1 year

    PubMed Central

    Schneiderman, Janet U.; Smith, Caitlin; Arnold, Janet S.; Fuentes, Jorge; Duan, Lei

    2013-01-01

    Objective The aims of this study of predominately racial/ethnic minority children in foster care (N = 360, birth to 19 years old) in Los Angeles, CA were to examine the (1) prevalence of obesity (≥ 95 percentile) and overweight/obese(≥ 85 percentile) upon entrance to foster care (T1) and after 1 year in foster care (T2); (2) comparison of high weight categories to national statistics; (3) relationship of changes in weight status to age, reason for entry into foster care, and placement. Methods Chi-square test and McNemar test comparing paired proportions were used to determine whether there were significant changes in the proportion of high weight categories between T1 and T2. Chi-square test or Fisher’s exact test were used to evaluated the association between age, placement, and reason for foster care with the change in weight category. Changes in weight were categorized as (1) decreased in weight, (2) remained at overweight or obese, (3) increased in weight, or (4) remained normal. Results The proportion of obese and obese/overweight children between age 2 and 5 were significantly lower at T2 than T1. There were no significant changes in the prevalence of obesity for the total population at T2. Children age 6 or older had a higher prevalence of obesity and overweight/obesity compared to national statistics. Of children at all ages, 64.7% of children of all ages entered foster care with a normal weight and stayed in the normal range during their first year in foster care, 12.2% decreased their weight, 15.4% remained overweight or obese, and 7.7% increased their weight. Age and parental substance use was related to change in weight category from T1 to T2. Conclusions Children did not become more overweight or obese in foster care; however 28% of the children were obese or overweight upon entry into foster care. Children who are 6 years or older and obese upon entering foster care should be targeted for weight reduction. The pediatric community and child

  10. Health Care Costs 1 Year After Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury

    PubMed Central

    Rivara, Frederick P.; Vavilala, Monica S.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. This study sought to estimate total health care costs for mild, moderate, and severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to compare individual- and population-level costs across levels of TBI severity. Methods. Using 2007 to 2010 MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters data, we estimated total quarterly health care costs 1 year after TBI among enrollees (aged < 18 years). We compared costs across levels of TBI severity using generalized linear models. Results. Mild TBI accounted for 96.6% of the 319 103 enrollees with TBI; moderate and severe TBI accounted for 1.7% and 1.6%, respectively. Adjusted individual health care costs for moderate and severe TBI were significantly higher than mild TBI in the year after injury (P < .01). At the population level, moderate and severe TBI costs were 88% and 75% less than mild TBI, respectively. Conclusions. Individually, moderate and severe TBI initially generated costs that were markedly higher than those of mild TBI. At the population level, costs following mild TBI far exceeded those of more severe cases, a result of the extremely high population burden of mild TBI. PMID:26270293

  11. SMART-1 celebrates its first year in space

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2004-09-01

    The ion engine went into action three days after launch and slowly placed SMART-1 safely above the radiation belts that surround the Earth. From there, SMART-1 started spiralling around our planet to eventually come closer, through ever wider orbits, to the so-called ‘Moon capture’ point. During this transfer phase, the ion engine fired its thrusters for periods of several days to progressively raise its apogee (the maximum altitude of its orbit) to the orbit of the Moon. So far, the SMART-1 ion engine has operated for about 3300 hours and covered a distance of some 78 million kilometres, with only 52 kilograms of propellant. With this successful demonstration, SMART-1 is paving the way for future deep-space missions, using a solar- electric engine as primary propulsion. It will be applied to long, energy-demanding interplanetary missions in the Solar System, reducing the size and cost of propulsion systems, while increasing manoeuvrability and the mass available for scientific instrumentation. ESA plans to use primary solar-electric propulsion for its future BepiColombo and Solar Orbiter missions. During its first year in space, SMART-1 has also successfully tested new space communication techniques. For the first time, SMART-1 has used very short radio waves (called Ka band at 32 Gigahertz, with the KaTE instrument) to communicate with Earth. These enable far more information to be transmitted over deep space than the commonly used frequencies and in a shorter period of time. Another SMART-1 achievement is the successful testing of a laser communication link experiment with ESA’s optical ground station in Tenerife, Canary Islands in February of this year. This laser technology, in which Europe is a leader, has already been applied to telecommunications satellites, but this was the first time a laser link had been used to communicate with a distant, rapidly moving spacecraft. Both techniques will be crucial for future science missions where huge amounts of

  12. Oahu Solar Measurement Grid (1-Year Archive): 1-Second Solar Irradiance; Oahu, Hawaii (Data)

    DOE Data Explorer

    Sengupta, M.; Andreas, A.

    2010-03-16

    Seventeen measurement stations in the south western region of the island of Oahu collected data at 1-second intervals over the course of a year. The sensors are located in a 1-kilometer grid and the information then can be used to predict what PV outputs might be at 1-second intervals for medium-sized and large PV systems. This DOE-funded study by NREL supports the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI), a multifaceted program to substantially increase the use of renewable energy in Hawaii.

  13. 26 CFR 1.451-1 - General rule for taxable year of inclusion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Taxable Year for Which Items of Gross Income Included § 1... accounting. Under an accrual method of accounting, income is includible in gross income when all the events... tax due. Similarly, if a taxpayer ascertains that an item was improperly included in gross income......

  14. Otitis media with effusion in children younger than 1 year

    PubMed Central

    Di Francesco, Renata Cantisani; Barros, Vivian Boschesi; Ramos, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of otitis media with effusion in children younger than 1 year and its association with the season of the year, artificial feeding, environmental and perinatal factors. Methods: Retrospective study of 184 randomly included medical records from a total of 982 healthy infants evaluated for hearing screening tests. Diagnosis of otitis media with effusion was based on otoscopy (amber-gold color, fluid level, handle of malleus position), type B tympanometric curves and absence of otoacoustic emissions. Incomplete medical records or those describing acute otitis media, upper respiratory tract infections on the assessment day or in the last 3 months, neuropathies and craniofacial anomalies were excluded. Data such as gestational age, birth weight, Apgar score, type of feeding and day care attendance were compared between children with and without otitis media with effusion through likelihood tests and multivariate analysis. Results: 25.3% of 184 infants had otitis media with bilateral effusion; 9.2% had unilateral. In infants with otitis media, the following were observed: chronological age of 9.6±1.7 months; gestational age >38 weeks in 43.4% and birth weight >2500g in 48.4%. Otitis media with effusion was associated with winter/fall, artificial feeding, Apgar score <7 and day care attendance. The multivariate analysis showed that artificial feeding is the factor most often associated to otitis media with effusion. Conclusions: Otitis media with effusion was found in about one third of children younger than 1 year and was mainly associated with artificial feeding. PMID:26559603

  15. Fiscal year 1993 1/25-scale sludge mobilization testing

    SciTech Connect

    Powell, M.R.; Golcar, G.R.; Hymas, C.R.; McKay, R.L.

    1995-04-01

    Sixteen 1/25-scale sludge mobilization experiments were conducted in fiscal year (FY) 1993. The results of this testing are presented in this document. The ability of a single, centrally-located, scale model mixer pump to resuspend a layer of simulated tank sludge was evaluated for five different simulant types. The resistance of these simulants to the mobilizing action of the mixer pump jets was not found to adequately correlate with simulant vane shear strength. The data indicate that the simulant cohesion, as quantified by tensile strength, may provide a good measure of mobilization resistance. A single test was done to evaluate whether indexed mixer pump rotation is significantly more effective than the planned continuous oscillation. No significant difference was found in the sludge mobilization caused by these two modes of operation. Two tests were conducted using a clay-based sludge simulant that contained approximately 5 wt% soluble solids. The distance to which the mixer pump jets were effective for this simulant was approximately 50% greater than on similar simulants that did not contain soluble solids. The implication is that sludge dissolution effects may significantly enhance the performance of mixer pumps in some tanks. The development of a means to correlate the magnitude of this effect with waste properties is a direction for future work. Two tests were performed with the goal of determining whether the 1/25-scale sludge mobilization data can be scaled linearly to 1/12-scale. The two 1/25-scale tests were conducted using the same simulant recipe as had been used in previous 1/12-scale tests. The difficulty of matching the 1/25-scale simulants, with those used previously is thought to have adversely affected the results. Further tests are needed to determine whether the data from sludge mobilization tests can be linearly scaled.

  16. Southern California Edison High Penetration Photovoltaic Project - Year 1

    SciTech Connect

    Mather, B.; Kroposki, B.; Neal, R.; Katiraei, F.; Yazdani, A.; Aguero, J. R.; Hoff, T. E.; Norris, B. L.; Parkins, A.; Seguin, R.; Schauder, C.

    2011-06-01

    This report discusses research efforts from the first year of a project analyzing the impacts of high penetration levels of photovoltaic (PV) resources interconnected onto Southern California Edison's (SCE's) distribution system. SCE will be interconnecting a total of 500 MW of commercial scale PV within their service territory by 2015. This Year 1 report describes the need for investigating high-penetration PV scenarios on the SCE distribution system; discusses the necessary PV system modeling and distribution system simulation advances; describes the available distribution circuit data for the two distribution circuits identified in the study; and discusses the additional inverter functionality that could be implemented in order to specifically mitigate some of the undesirable distribution system impacts caused by high-penetration PV installations.

  17. Smoking Cessation 1 Year or More: Experiences of Successful Quitters.

    PubMed

    DiPiazza, Jennifer T; Naegle, Madeline

    2016-01-01

    There is a paucity of research focused on the experience of maintaining cessation for a year or longer, and recidivism rates for smoking cessation are estimated at 50% to 97%. As cigarette smoking is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, there is a critical need for more knowledge about maintaining smoking cessation. Therefore, this study was undertaken to explore the lived experience of maintaining cigarette smoking cessation for a year or more. Using Streubert's nurse-developed descriptive phenomenological method, seven adults who sustained cessation for 1.5 to 18 years, after repeated relapses, were interviewed about their experience of sustaining cessation. Data collection included interviews, field notes, and a reflexive journal. Phenomenological analysis involved dwelling intensely with the data, extracting parts of the transcript, and identifying codes and themes, defined by Streubert as essences, common to all participants' descriptions of the experience of sustained cessation. Through this inductive process, the investigator ascertained relationships among the essences, forming the basis for a formalized, exhaustive description of the experience. Six essences captured participants' experiences of maintaining cigarette smoking cessation: (a) breaking free, (b) developing an olfactory aversion, (c) reframing, (d) learning through relapse, (e) reclaiming acceptance, and (f) self-transformation. The findings suggest that maintaining cessation for a year or more is shaped by biological, psychological, and social conditions, as reflected in the essences. The essences coalesced to a tipping point of motivation and conditions leading to sustained behavior change, allowing participants to maintain cessation. PMID:27580193

  18. Intracranial idiopathic hypertension: 1-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    D'Amico, D; Curone, M; Erbetta, A; Farago', G; Bianchi-Marzoli, S; Ciasca, P; Bussone, G; Chiapparini, L

    2014-05-01

    Standard guidelines for ongoing management, as well as definitive data about the long-term course of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) are not available. The aim of this study was to compare several clinical and instrumental variables as assessed at the time of diagnosis and then after 1 year in a sample of IIH patients. A total of 21 patients were studied. Our results confirmed that headache and TVO are the most frequent symptoms in IIH patients, and that overweight is a very common feature. A trend towards a favorable outcome in patients followed for 1 year and treated by usual medical therapy was found: intracranial pressure was lower at follow-up; improvement of headache and transient visual obscurations, as well as of papilledema, was reported in most patients. On the other hand, neuroradiological findings (such as empty sella, perioptic subarachnoid space distension, narrowing of the transverse sinuses) were substantially stable at follow. These findings may be relevant for future research as far as understanding the role of different clinical and instrumental findings as diagnostic items as well as predictors of outcome in IIH. PMID:24867861

  19. The Dark Energy Survey and Operations: Years 1 to 3

    SciTech Connect

    Diehl, H. T.

    2016-01-01

    The Dark Energy Survey (DES) is an operating optical survey aimed at understanding the accelerating expansion of the universe using four complementary methods: weak gravitational lensing, galaxy cluster counts, baryon acoustic oscillations, and Type Ia supernovae. To perform the 5000 sq-degree wide field and 30 sq-degree supernova surveys, the DES Collaboration built the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), a 3 square-degree, 570-Megapixel CCD camera that was installed at the prime focus of the Blanco 4-meter telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO). DES has completed its third observing season out of a nominal five. This paper describes DES “Year 1” (Y1) to “Year 3” (Y3), the strategy, an outline of the survey operations procedures, the efficiency of operations and the causes of lost observing time. It provides details about the quality of the first three season's data, and describes how we are adjusting the survey strategy in the face of the El Niño Southern Oscillation

  20. 26 CFR 1.168(d)-1 - Applicable conventions-half-year and mid-quarter conventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... conventions. 1.168(d)-1 Section 1.168(d)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... and Corporations § 1.168(d)-1 Applicable conventions—half-year and mid-quarter conventions. (a) In general. Under section 168(d), the half-year convention applies to depreciable property (other...

  1. 26 CFR 1.168(d)-1 - Applicable conventions-half-year and mid-quarter conventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... conventions. 1.168(d)-1 Section 1.168(d)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... and Corporations § 1.168(d)-1 Applicable conventions—half-year and mid-quarter conventions. (a) In general. Under section 168(d), the half-year convention applies to depreciable property (other...

  2. 42 CFR 425.608 - Determining first year performance for ACOs beginning April 1 or July 1, 2012.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Determining first year performance for ACOs beginning April 1 or July 1, 2012. 425.608 Section 425.608 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... April 1 or July 1, 2012. (a) For April 1 and July 1, 2012 starters, first year (defined as 21 and...

  3. Three Mars years: viking lander 1 imaging observations.

    PubMed

    Arvidson, R E; Guinness, E A; Moore, H J; Tillman, J; Wall, S D

    1983-11-01

    The Mutch Memorial Station (Viking Lander 1) on Mars acquired imaging and meteorological data over a period of 2245 martian days (3:3 martian years). This article discusses the deposition and erosion of thin deposits (ten to hundreds of micrometers) of bright red dust associated with global dust storms, and the removal of centimeter amounts of material in selected areas during a dust storm late in the third winter. Atmospheric pressure data acquired during the period of intense erosion imply that baroclinic disturbances and strong diurnal solar tidal heating combined to produce strong winds. Erosion occurred principally in areas where soil cohesion was reduced by earlier surface sampler activities. Except for redistribution of thin layers of materials, the surface appears to be remarkably stable, perhaps because of cohesion of the undisturbed surface material. PMID:17746178

  4. Year 1 of Beyond the IYA2009 in Canada

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hesser, James E.; Bolduc-Duval, J.; Crabtree, D.; Di Francesco, J.; Lacasse, R.; Lemay, D.; Macnaughton, R.; Percy, J.; Whitehorne, M.

    2011-01-01

    1.93M `Galileo Moments’ of personal astronomical discovery through some 3,600 reported events later, the Canadian IYA partnership of amateur and professional astronomers has transitioned to Beyond IYA activities aimed at solidifying the legacies we hoped to establish. A focus of BIYA in Canada is on reaching out to youth in underserved communities (inner city, Aboriginal, rural) with the support of a three-year grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council to our partnership. During 2010 volunteers have continued strengthening relationships with Canadian parks and libraries, partnering with Aboriginal Elders to convey their cultures’ stories of the night sky alongside current scientific knowledge, science centers, educators and artists, among others. Salient aspects of the Canadian BIYA efforts will be described.

  5. Three mars years: Viking lander 1 imaging observations

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Arvidson, R. E.; Guinness, E.A.; Moore, H.J.; Tillman, J.; Wall, S.D.

    1983-01-01

    The Mutch Memorial Station (Viking Lander 1) on Mars acquired imaging and meteorological data over a period of 2245 martian days (3:3 martian years). This article discusses the deposition and erosion of thin deposits (ten to hundreds of micrometers) of bright red dust associated with global dust storms, and the removal of centimeter amounts of material in selected areas during a dust storm late in the third winter. Atmospheric pressure data acquired during the period of intense erosion imply that baroclinic disturbances and strong diurnal solar tidal heating combined to produce strong winds. Erosion occurred principally in areas where soil cohesion was reduced by earlier surface sampler activities. Except for redistribution of thin layers of materials, the surface appears to be remarkably stable, perhaps because of cohesion of the undisturbed surface material.

  6. Orbital forcing of climate 1.4 billion years ago.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shuichang; Wang, Xiaomei; Hammarlund, Emma U; Wang, Huajian; Costa, M Mafalda; Bjerrum, Christian J; Connelly, James N; Zhang, Baomin; Bian, Lizeng; Canfield, Donald E

    2015-03-24

    Fluctuating climate is a hallmark of Earth. As one transcends deep into Earth time, however, both the evidence for and the causes of climate change become difficult to establish. We report geochemical and sedimentological evidence for repeated, short-term climate fluctuations from the exceptionally well-preserved ∼1.4-billion-year-old Xiamaling Formation of the North China Craton. We observe two patterns of climate fluctuations: On long time scales, over what amounts to tens of millions of years, sediments of the Xiamaling Formation record changes in geochemistry consistent with long-term changes in the location of the Xiamaling relative to the position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. On shorter time scales, and within a precisely calibrated stratigraphic framework, cyclicity in sediment geochemical dynamics is consistent with orbital control. In particular, sediment geochemical fluctuations reflect what appear to be orbitally forced changes in wind patterns and ocean circulation as they influenced rates of organic carbon flux, trace metal accumulation, and the source of detrital particles to the sediment. PMID:25775605

  7. Orbital forcing of climate 1.4 billion years ago

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Shuichang; Wang, Xiaomei; Hammarlund, Emma U.; Wang, Huajian; Costa, M. Mafalda; Bjerrum, Christian J.; Connelly, James N.; Zhang, Baomin; Bian, Lizeng; Canfield, Donald E.

    2015-01-01

    Fluctuating climate is a hallmark of Earth. As one transcends deep into Earth time, however, both the evidence for and the causes of climate change become difficult to establish. We report geochemical and sedimentological evidence for repeated, short-term climate fluctuations from the exceptionally well-preserved ∼1.4-billion-year-old Xiamaling Formation of the North China Craton. We observe two patterns of climate fluctuations: On long time scales, over what amounts to tens of millions of years, sediments of the Xiamaling Formation record changes in geochemistry consistent with long-term changes in the location of the Xiamaling relative to the position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone. On shorter time scales, and within a precisely calibrated stratigraphic framework, cyclicity in sediment geochemical dynamics is consistent with orbital control. In particular, sediment geochemical fluctuations reflect what appear to be orbitally forced changes in wind patterns and ocean circulation as they influenced rates of organic carbon flux, trace metal accumulation, and the source of detrital particles to the sediment. PMID:25775605

  8. 4D Dynamic RNP Annual Interim Report-Year 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Finkelsztein, Daniel M.; Sturdy, James L.; Alaverdi, Omeed; Chung, William W.; Salvano, Daniel; Klooster, Joel; Hochwarth, Joachim K.

    2010-01-01

    experiment using the Airspace and Traffic Operations Simulation (ATOS) system to validate the 4D Dynamic RNP construct. This Annual Interim Report summarizes the activities led by Raytheon, in collaboration with GE Aviation and SAIC, and presents the results obtained during the first year of this research effort to expand the RNP concept to 4 dimensions relative to a dynamic frame of reference. A comprehensive assessment of the state-of-the-art international implementation of current RNP was completed and presented in the Contractor Report RNP State-of-the-Art Assessment, Version 4, 17 December 2008 . The team defined in detail two 4DT operations, Airborne Precision Spacing and Self-Separation, that are ideally suited to be supported by 4D Dynamic RNP and developed their respective conceptual frameworks, Required Interval Management Performance (RIMP) Version 1.1, 13 April 2009 and Required Self Separation Performance (RSSP) Version 1.1, 13 April 2009 . Finally, the team started the development of a mathematical model and simulation tool for RIMP and RSSP scheduled to be delivered during the second year of this research effort.

  9. Recent Movements: New Landslides in Less than 1 Martian Year

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Changes between 1 February 1998 and 18 November 1999

    Crater at 6oS, 184oW on 01 FEB 1998 [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    3-D Anaglyph View--PIA02380 [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    What is happening on Mars right now? Pictures that show changes occurring from time to time give some clues as to what processes are shaping the modern martian landscape. Dust devils, dust storms, and polar frosts are all known to cause change sin the surface every martian year. But what about other geologic processes? How 'active' is Mars today? The Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) onboard the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) has been in orbit long enough that it is starting to provide some answers. MGS began orbiting Mars in September 1997. Since that time, it has seen the planet cycle through more than 1 of its 687-Earth-days-long years. The pictures shown here document changes observed by the MOC caused by small landslides.

    The picture at the lower left (above) shows a shallow crater located near Apollinaris Patera at 6oS, 184oW, that was photographed by MOC in February 1998. The walls of this crater exhibit approximately 100 dark streaks running down its slopes. These streaks have formed as small landslides or avalanches and are probably composed of sand and/or silt. The image is illuminated by sunlight from the lower left, and the crater is about 5 kilometers (3 miles) across. The white box shows the location of a section of the crater that was photographed again in mid-November 1999, about 92% of a Martian Year later.

    The top picture shows a comparison of the southeastern crater wall as it appeared on February 1, 1998, and again on November 18, 1999. (Note that the picture has been rotated relative to the context image at lower left). During the time between the two images, three new dark slope streaks formed (arrows, top right). The older streaks are lighter and fainter than these new, dark ones, suggesting that streaks fade with time

  10. Analytical Services Fiscal Year 1996 Multi-year Program Plan Fiscal Year Work Plan WBS 1.5.1, Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    This document contains the Fiscal Year 1996 Work Plan and Multi-Year Program Plan for the Analytical Services Program at the Hanford Reservation in Richland, Washington. The Analytical Services Program provides vital support to the Hanford Site mission and provides technically sound, defensible, cost effective, high quality analytical chemistry data for the site programs. This report describes the goals and strategies for continuance of the Analytical Services Program through fiscal year 1996 and beyond.

  11. 42 CFR 425.608 - Determining first year performance for ACOs beginning April 1 or July 1, 2012.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... beginning April 1 or July 1, 2012. 425.608 Section 425.608 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... April 1 or July 1, 2012. (a) For April 1 and July 1, 2012 starters, first year (defined as 21 and 18... performance is based on GPRO quality data reported for CY 2012. (c)(1) The interim payment calculation...

  12. Recent Movements: New Landslides in Less than 1 Martian Year

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2000-01-01

    Changes between 1 February 1998 and 18 November 1999--PIA02379 [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    3-D Anaglyph View

    The picture on the left shows a comparison of the southeastern crater wall as it appeared on February 1, 1998, and again on November 18, 1999. (Note that the picture has been rotated relative to the context image at lower left). During the time between the two images, three new dark slope streaks formed (arrows, top right). The older streaks are lighter and fainter than these new, dark ones, suggesting that streaks fade with time. This means that, at least for the crater walls shown here, any streak that is dark is younger than any streak that is pale. The stereo anaglyph (requires red-blue '3-D glasses') at the lower right uses the two images of the crater rim to provide a 3-dimensional view. The anaglyph is helpful to see that the dark streaks really do occur on a slope. In addition, by viewing the anaglyph without 3-d glasses, one can easily identify the three new streaks because they appear as blue and have no red counterpart.

    These three new slope streaks formed sometime between February 1998 and November 1999. Similar streaks were observed in the highest-resolution images from the Viking orbiters in the late 1970s, but for more than 20 years no one has known how recent these features might be, or how often they might form. Now, MOC is providing some exciting answers.

  13. DOE KSU EV Site Operator Program. Year 1, fourth quarter report, April 1--June 30, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Hague, J.R.; Steinert, R.A.; Nissen-Pfrang, T.

    1992-08-01

    Kansas State University, with funding from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the DOE Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric of hybrid vehicle technology. This will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four(4) electric cars during the first two years of this five-year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort station wagons. This quarter`s report describes ongoing public relations activities and meetings as well as presenting performance data for the electric vehicles. (GHH)

  14. Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Year 1 third quarter report, January 1, 1992--March 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    Kansas State University, with funding support from federal, state, public, and private companies, is participating in the Department of Energy`s Electric Vehicle Site Operator Program. Through participation is this program, Kansas State is demonstrating, testing, and evaluating electric or hybrid vehicle technology. This participation will provide organizations the opportunity to examine the latest EHV prototypes under actual operating conditions. KSU proposes to purchase one (1) electric or hybrid van and four (4) electric cars during the first two years of this five year program. KSU has purchased one G-Van built by Conceptor Industries, Toronto, Canada and has initiated a procurement order to purchase two (2) Soleq 1992 Ford EVcort stationwagons.

  15. 26 CFR 1.461-1 - General rule for taxable year of deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Federal Register citations affecting § 1.461-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in... quarter, 1964 Apr. 1 300,000 2d quarter, 1964 July 1 300,000 3d quarter, 1964 Oct. 1 300,000 4th...

  16. 26 CFR 1.960-5 - Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion. 1.960-5 Section 1.960-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Corporations § 1.960-5 Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion. (a)...

  17. 26 CFR 1.960-5 - Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion. 1.960-5 Section 1.960-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... § 1.960-5 Credit for taxable year of inclusion binding for taxable year of exclusion. (a) Taxes...

  18. Caregiver burden at 1 year following severe traumatic brain injury.

    PubMed

    Marsh, N V; Kersel, D A; Havill, J H; Sleigh, J W

    1998-12-01

    Sixty-nine primary caregivers of adults with a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) were assessed at 1-year post-injury. Caregivers completed questionnaires on the physical, cognitive, emotional, behavioural, and social functioning of the person with TBI. Caregiver objective burden, psychosocial functioning, and subjective burden were also assessed. Clinically significant levels of anxiety and depression were evident in over a third of the caregivers. Similarly, a quarter of the caregivers reported poor social adjustment. There was no consistent relationship between the prevalence of various types of objective burden and the level of subjective distress that resulted from these changes. The person with TBI's emotional difficulties, in particular their anger, apathy, and dependency, caused the greatest distress for caregivers. With regard to the impact that caregiving had on their own lives, caregivers were most distressed by the loss of personal free time. Results from a regression analysis indicated that the person with TBI's physical impairment, number of behavioural problems, and social isolation were the strongest predictors of caregiver burden. The impact that caring for a person with severe TBI can have on the extended family unit is discussed. PMID:9876864

  19. 26 CFR 1.168(d)-1 - Applicable conventions-half-year and mid-quarter conventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... conventions. 1.168(d)-1 Section 1.168(d)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE... allowed for property placed in service and disposed of during the same taxable year. However, see § 1.168... of a technical termination under section 708(b)(1)(B) or the property is transferred in a...

  20. 26 CFR 1.168(d)-1 - Applicable conventions-half-year and mid-quarter conventions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Applicable conventions-half-year and mid-quarter conventions. 1.168(d)-1 Section 1.168(d)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.168(d)-1...

  1. 26 CFR 1.818-5 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... used in determining the life insurance company taxable income for a period of less than the entire... only under the following circumstances: (1) If a company which qualifies as a life insurance company is... the taxpayer was in existence. For example, a life insurance company organized on August 1,...

  2. 26 CFR 1.818-5 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... used in determining the life insurance company taxable income for a period of less than the entire... only under the following circumstances: (1) If a company which qualifies as a life insurance company is... the taxpayer was in existence. For example, a life insurance company organized on August 1,...

  3. 26 CFR 1.818-5 - Short taxable years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... used in determining the life insurance company taxable income for a period of less than the entire... only under the following circumstances: (1) If a company which qualifies as a life insurance company is... the taxpayer was in existence. For example, a life insurance company organized on August 1,...

  4. Copernicus Project: Learning with Laptops: Year 1 Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fouts, Jeffrey T.; Stuen, Carol

    The Copernicus Project is a multi-district effort designed to incorporate technology, specifically the laptop computer, into the instructional and learning process of the public schools. Participants included six school districts in Washington state, the Toshiba and Microsoft Corporations, and parents. The project called for a 1 to 1

  5. 26 CFR 1.823-3 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES Mutual Insurance Companies (other Than Life and Certain Marine Insurance Companies and Other Than Fire Or Flood Insurance Companies Which Operate on Basis of Perpetual Policies Or Premium Deposits... Insurance Company Tax Act for 1955 (70 Stat. 36). Sections 1.823-6 through 1.823-8 are applicable only...

  6. 26 CFR 1.822-4 - Taxable years affected.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES Mutual Insurance Companies (other Than Life and Certain Marine Insurance Companies and Other Than Fire Or Flood Insurance Companies Which Operate on Basis of Perpetual Policies Or Premium Deposits... the Life Insurance Company Tax Act for 1955 (70 Stat. 36). Sections 1.822-8 through 1.822-12...

  7. Performance Differences in Year 1 of Pioneer Accountable Care Organizations

    PubMed Central

    McWilliams, J. Michael; Chernew, Michael E.; Landon, Bruce E.; Schwartz, Aaron L.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND In 2012, a total of 32 organizations entered the Pioneer accountable care organization (ACO) program, in which providers can share savings with Medicare if spending falls below a financial benchmark. Performance differences associated with characteristics of Pioneer ACOs have not been well described. METHODS In a difference-in-differences analysis of Medicare fee-for-service claims, we compared Medicare spending for beneficiaries attributed to Pioneer ACOs (ACO group) with other beneficiaries (control group) before (2009 through 2011) and after (2012) the start of Pioneer ACO contracts, with adjustment for geographic area and beneficiaries’ sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. We estimated differential changes in spending for several subgroups of ACOs: those with and those without clear financial integration between hospitals and physician groups, those with higher and those with lower baseline spending, and the 13 ACOs that withdrew from the Pioneer program after 2012 and the 19 that did not. RESULTS Adjusted Medicare spending and spending trends were similar in the ACO group and the control group during the precontract period. In 2012, the total adjusted per-beneficiary spending differentially changed in the ACO group as compared with the control group (−$29.2 per quarter, P = 0.007), consistent with a 1.2% savings. Savings were significantly greater for ACOs with baseline spending above the local average, as compared with those with baseline spending below the local average (P = 0.05 for interaction), and for those serving high-spending areas, as compared with those serving low-spending areas (P = 0.04). Savings were similar in ACOs with financial integration between hospitals and physician groups and those without, as well as in ACOs that withdrew from the program and those that did not. CONCLUSIONS Year 1 of the Pioneer ACO program was associated with modest reductions in Medicare spending. Savings were greater for ACOs with higher

  8. Fiscal year 1998 Battelle performance evaluation agreement revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    DAVIS, T.L.

    1998-10-22

    Fiscal Year 1998 represents the second full year utilizing a results-oriented, performance-based contract. This document describes the critical outcomes, objectives, performance indicators, expected levels of performance, and the basis for the evaluation of the Contractors performance for the period October 1, 1997 through September 30, 1998, as required by Articles entitled Use of Objective Standards of Performance, Self Assessment and Performance Evaluation and Critical Outcomes Review of the Contract DE-AC08-76RLO1830. In partnership with the Contractor and other key customers, the Department of Energy (DOE) Richland Operations Office has defined six critical outcomes that same as the core for the Contractors performance evaluation. The Contractor also utilizes these outcomes as a basis for overall management of the Laboratory. As stated above six critical outcomes have been established for FY 1998. These outcomes are based on the following needs identified by DOE-HQ, RL and other customers of the Laboratory. Our Energy Research customer desires relevant, quality and cost effective science. Our Environmental Management customer wants technology developed, demonstrated, and deployed to solve environmental cleanup issues. To ensure the diversification and viability of the Laboratory as a National asset, RL and HQ alike want to increase the Science and Technical contributions of PNNL related to its core capabilities. RL wants improved leadership/management, cost-effective operations, and maintenance of a work environment, which fosters innovative thinking and high morale. RL and HQ alike desire compliance with environment, safety and health (ES and H) standards and disciplined conduct of operations for protection of the worker, environment, and the public, As with all of Hanford, DOE expects contribution of the Laboratory to the economic development of the Tri-Cities community, and the region, to build a new local economy that is less reliant on the Hanford mission

  9. 26 CFR 1.41-4A - Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986. 1.41-4A Section 1.41-4A Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-4A Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986....

  10. Substance Use Disorder Counselors’ Job Performance and Turnover after 1 Year: Linear or Curvilinear Relationship?1

    PubMed Central

    Laschober, Tanja C.; de Tormes Eby, Lillian Turner

    2013-01-01

    The main goals of the current study were to investigate whether there are linear or curvilinear relationships between substance use disorder counselors’ job performance and actual turnover after 1 year utilizing four indicators of job performance and three turnover statuses (voluntary, involuntary, and no turnover as the reference group). Using longitudinal data from 440 matched counselor-clinical supervisor dyads, results indicate that overall, counselors with lower job performance are more likely to turn over voluntarily and involuntarily than not to turn over. Further, one of the job performance measures shows a significant curvilinear effect. We conclude that the negative consequences often assumed to be “caused” by counselor turnover may be overstated because those who leave both voluntarily and involuntarily demonstrate generally lower performance than those who remain employed at their treatment program. PMID:22527711

  11. 26 CFR 1.7519-1T - Required payments for entities electing not to have required year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Furthermore, C3 owns more than 50 percent of the profits and capital of C4, a partnership that historically used a June 30 taxable year. Pursuant to § 1.706-3T(b), C4 retains its year ending June 30 for its taxable year beginning July 1, 1987. For its taxable year beginning July 1, 1986, C4 deducted $20,000...

  12. 26 CFR 1.7519-1T - Required payments for entities electing not to have required year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    .... Furthermore, C3 owns more than 50 percent of the profits and capital of C4, a partnership that historically used a June 30 taxable year. Pursuant to § 1.706-3T(b), C4 retains its year ending June 30 for its taxable year beginning July 1, 1987. For its taxable year beginning July 1, 1986, C4 deducted $20,000...

  13. 26 CFR 1.7519-1T - Required payments for entities electing not to have required year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    .... Furthermore, C3 owns more than 50 percent of the profits and capital of C4, a partnership that historically used a June 30 taxable year. Pursuant to § 1.706-3T(b), C4 retains its year ending June 30 for its taxable year beginning July 1, 1987. For its taxable year beginning July 1, 1986, C4 deducted $20,000...

  14. 26 CFR 1.7519-1T - Required payments for entities electing not to have required year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    .... Furthermore, C3 owns more than 50 percent of the profits and capital of C4, a partnership that historically used a June 30 taxable year. Pursuant to § 1.706-3T(b), C4 retains its year ending June 30 for its taxable year beginning July 1, 1987. For its taxable year beginning July 1, 1986, C4 deducted $20,000...

  15. 26 CFR 1.7519-1T - Required payments for entities electing not to have required year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    .... Furthermore, C3 owns more than 50 percent of the profits and capital of C4, a partnership that historically used a June 30 taxable year. Pursuant to § 1.706-3T(b), C4 retains its year ending June 30 for its taxable year beginning July 1, 1987. For its taxable year beginning July 1, 1986, C4 deducted $20,000...

  16. 26 CFR 1.411(d)-5 - Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Class year plans; plan years beginning after... Plans, Etc. § 1.411(d)-5 Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986. (a) Plan years... of a class-year plan if such plan provides that 100 percent of each employee's right to or...

  17. 26 CFR 1.461-1 - General rule for taxable year of deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Federal Register citations affecting § 1.461-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in.... (ii) Uncertainty as to the amount of a liability. While no liability shall be taken into...

  18. 26 CFR 1.461-1 - General rule for taxable year of deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Federal Register citations affecting § 1.461-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in.... (ii) Uncertainty as to the amount of a liability. While no liability shall be taken into...

  19. 26 CFR 1.461-1 - General rule for taxable year of deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Federal Register citations affecting § 1.461-1, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in.... (ii) Uncertainty as to the amount of a liability. While no liability shall be taken into...

  20. Transition projects, Fiscal Year 1996: Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) for WBS 1.31, 7.1, and 6.13. Revision 1, Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    Cartmell, D.B.

    1995-09-01

    Based on US Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office (RL) review, specific areas of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC), Transition Projects ``Draft`` Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) were revised in preparation for the RL approval ceremony on September 26, 1995. These changes were reviewed with the appropriate RL Project Manager. The changes have been incorporated to the MYPP electronic file, and hard copies replacing the ``Draft`` MYPP will be distributed after the formal signing. In addition to the comments received, a summary level schedule and outyear estimates for the K Basin deactivation beginning in FY 2001 have been included. The K Basin outyear waste data is nearing completion this week and will be incorporated. This exclusion was discussed with Mr. N.D. Moorer, RL, Facility Transition Program Support/Integration. The attached MYPP scope/schedule reflects the Integrated Target Case submitted in the April 1995 Activity Data Sheets (ADS) with the exception of B Plant and the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP). The 8 Plant assumption in FY 1997 reflects the planning case in the FY 1997 ADS with a shortfall of $5 million. PFP assumptions have been revised from the FY 1997 ADS based on the direction provided this past summer by DOE-Headquarters. This includes the acceleration of the polycube stabilization back to its originally planned completion date. Although the overall program repricing in FY 1996 allowed the scheduled acceleration to fall with the funding allocation, the FY 1997 total reflects a shortfall of $6 million.

  1. Chemistry in the Two-Year College, 1973 No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardole, Jay, Ed.; Bardole, Ellen, Ed.

    This publication, issued twice per year, includes proceedings from Two-Year College Chemistry Conferences and papers of special interest to the two-year college chemistry teacher. Curriculum development in the area of two-year college chemistry is discussed for the U.S. and several other countries. Additional topics include the role of chemistry…

  2. 26 CFR 1.410(a)-8T - Year of service; break in service (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Year of service; break in service (temporary). 1.... § 1.410(a)-8T Year of service; break in service (temporary). (a)-(b) (c) Breaks in service. (1) (2... a 1-year break in service under a plan which provides that after not more than 2 years of...

  3. 26 CFR 1.41-5A - Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Basic research for taxable years beginning before... TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-5A Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987. (a) In general. The amount expended for basic research within the meaning...

  4. 26 CFR 1.41-5A - Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Basic research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-5A Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987. (a) In general. The amount expended for basic research within the...

  5. 26 CFR 1.41-5A - Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Basic research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-5A Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987. (a) In general. The amount expended for basic research within the...

  6. 26 CFR 1.41-5A - Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Basic research for taxable years beginning before... TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-5A Basic research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987. (a) In general. The amount expended for basic research within the meaning...

  7. 26 CFR 1.702-3T - 4-Year spread (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false 4-Year spread (temporary). 1.702-3T Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Partners and Partnerships § 1.702-3T 4-Year spread (temporary). (a... taxable year for the first taxable year beginning after December 31, 1986 (partnership's year of...

  8. Budget estimates: Fiscal year 1994. Volume 1: Agency summary

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1994-01-01

    The NASA FY 1994 budget request of $15,265 million concentrates on (1) investing in the development of new technologies including a particularly aggressive program in aeronautical technology to improve the competitive position of the United States, through shared involvement with industry and other government agencies; (2) continuing the nation's premier program of space exploration, to expand our knowledge of the solar system and the universe as well as the earth; and (3) providing safe and assured access to space using both the space shuttle and expendable launch vehicles. Budget estimates are presented for (1) research and development, including space station, space transportation capability development, space science and applications programs, space science, life and microgravity sciences and applications, mission to planet earth, space research and technology, commercial programs, aeronautics technology programs, safety and mission quality, academic programs, and tracking and data advanced systems; and (2) space operations, including space transportation programs, launch services, and space communications.

  9. 26 CFR 1.6073-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... the fiscal year is from farming or fishing (including oyster farming), or (2) If at least two-thirds... year was from farming or fishing (including oyster farming) (with respect to declarations of...

  10. 26 CFR 1.6073-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... the fiscal year is from farming or fishing (including oyster farming), or (2) If at least two-thirds... year was from farming or fishing (including oyster farming) (with respect to declarations of...

  11. 26 CFR 1.6073-2 - Fiscal years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... the fiscal year is from farming or fishing (including oyster farming), or (2) If at least two-thirds... year was from farming or fishing (including oyster farming) (with respect to declarations of...

  12. Chapter 1 ECIA Migrant Education Evaluation Report. Fiscal Year 1983.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Carolyn M.; LeCertua, Patrick J.

    At a cost of $3,035,141.00, Idaho's fiscal year 1983 migrant education programs served 7,441 students during the regular school year (33 programs) and 2,853 students during the summer session (23 programs). Twenty-five projects employed resource teachers at the preschool and/or elementary level during the regular year. Instruction was provided in…

  13. 26 CFR 1.411(d)-5 - Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Class year plans; plan years beginning after..., Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.411(d)-5 Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986. (a... satisfied in the case of a class-year plan if such plan provides that 100 percent of each employee's...

  14. 26 CFR 1.411(d)-5 - Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Class year plans; plan years beginning after..., Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.411(d)-5 Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986. (a... satisfied in the case of a class-year plan if such plan provides that 100 percent of each employee's...

  15. 26 CFR 1.411(d)-5 - Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Class year plans; plan years beginning after..., Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.411(d)-5 Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986. (a... satisfied in the case of a class-year plan if such plan provides that 100 percent of each employee's...

  16. 26 CFR 1.411(d)-5 - Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Class year plans; plan years beginning after..., Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.411(d)-5 Class year plans; plan years beginning after October 22, 1986. (a... satisfied in the case of a class-year plan if such plan provides that 100 percent of each employee's...

  17. Fiscal year 2002 annual summary report for 200-UP-1 and 200-ZP-1 pump-and-treat operations

    SciTech Connect

    ERB, D.B.

    2003-04-01

    This fiscal year 2002 annual progress and performance evaluation report discusses progress for the 200-UP-1 and 200-ZP-1 Operable Units (OU) groundwater interim remedial actions in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site.

  18. SMART-1 SPEDE: Results and Legacy after 10 Years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schmidt, Walter; Mälkki, Anssi

    2014-05-01

    The Spacecraft Potential, Electron and Dust Experiment (SPEDE) [1], one of the instruments on the SMART-1 spacecraft, the European Space Agency's first Lunar mission, was part of the monitoring instruments supervising the propulsion system and supporting corrective actions to its operation when needed. During mission phases with inactive propulsion system the plasma instrument measured electron and ion densities and temperatures of the natural plasma in the vicinity of the spacecraft. While the spacecraft was slowly spiraling out of an Earth orbit towards a Moon trajectory it spent many months inside the Earth radiation belt. During this time SPEDE recorded the plasma parameters as a function of altitude and solar conditions and monitored also the effects of the major solar CME of October 28, the so-called "Halloween Storm" [2], [3]. After reaching the Moon on November 15, 2004, it continued to monitor the plasma and dust impacts onto the spacecraft until the end of the mission on September 3, 2006. Most of the Moon orbits lasted about 5 hours with an initial perilune distance of 2208 and an apolune distance of 4618 km, changing to 300 km and 3000km, respectively towards the end of the mission with a controlled impact onto the Lunar surface. A total of over 200 orbits were covered [4]. Covered by the SPEDE instrument are three areas of scientific interest: - A detailed altitude profile of the plasma parameters inside the radiation belt under different environmental condition - SPEDE was one of the few instruments active inside the radiation belt while normally all instruments on space missions are kept off to prevent damage, - a plasma parameter map in Lunar orbit with the Moon inside and outside the Earth magnetosphere, - plasma wave measurements around the moon with signatures of dust impacts onto the spacecraft monitoring the dust lifting processes on the Moon surface to escape velocities under certain solar wind conditions. Technical legacy: The Langmuir Probe

  19. The Daily Curriculum Guide, Year II, Weeks 1-10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dissemination and Assessment Center for Bilingual Education, Austin, TX.

    Spanning two years, the program set forth in the Daily Curriculum Guide for preschool Spanish-speaking children is essentially a language maintenance model in which Spanish is used as a means to develop basic concepts, skills and attitudes. This guide gives daily lesson plans for the first ten weeks of the second year. Each lesson, written in…

  20. Two Years after Pandemic Influenza A/2009/H1N1: What Have We Learned?

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Vincent C. C.; To, Kelvin K. W.; Tse, Herman; Hung, Ivan F. N.

    2012-01-01

    Summary: The world had been anticipating another influenza pandemic since the last one in 1968. The pandemic influenza A H1N1 2009 virus (A/2009/H1N1) finally arrived, causing the first pandemic influenza of the new millennium, which has affected over 214 countries and caused over 18,449 deaths. Because of the persistent threat from the A/H5N1 virus since 1997 and the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus in 2003, medical and scientific communities have been more prepared in mindset and infrastructure. This preparedness has allowed for rapid and effective research on the epidemiological, clinical, pathological, immunological, virological, and other basic scientific aspects of the disease, with impacts on its control. A PubMed search using the keywords “pandemic influenza virus H1N1 2009” yielded over 2,500 publications, which markedly exceeded the number published on previous pandemics. Only representative works with relevance to clinical microbiology and infectious diseases are reviewed in this article. A significant increase in the understanding of this virus and the disease within such a short amount of time has allowed for the timely development of diagnostic tests, treatments, and preventive measures. These findings could prove useful for future randomized controlled clinical trials and the epidemiological control of future pandemics. PMID:22491771

  1. Ion Channels, from Fantasy to Fact in Fifty Years1

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jordan, Peter C.

    Biologists have long recognized that the transport of ions and of neutral species across cell membranes is central to physiological function. Cells rely on their biomembranes, which separate the cytoplasm from the extracellular medium, to maintain the two electrolytes at very different composition. Specialized molecules, essentially biological nanodevices, have evolved to selectively control the movement of all the major physiological species. As should be clear, there have to be at least two distinct modes of transport. To maintain the disequilibrium, there must be molecular assemblies that drive ions and other permeable species against their electrochemical potential gradients. Such devices require energy input, typically coupling a vectorial pump with a chemical reaction, the dephosphorylation of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). These enzymes (biochemical catalysts) control highly concerted, and relatively slow, process, with turnovers of ≫ 100 s¡ 1.

  2. 26 CFR 1.444-1T - Election to use a taxable year other than the required taxable year (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., make a section 444 election to use a different taxable year. Thus, for example, assume that a personal... year to be elected is not longer than three months. (2) Changes in taxable year—(i) In general. In the... not longer than the shorter of— (A) Three months, or (B) The deferral period of the taxable year...

  3. 26 CFR 1.6033-1 - Returns by exempt organizations; taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... exempt from taxation under section 501(a) shall file an annual return of information specifically stating... in the instructions issued with respect to the return. Such information return shall be filed.... The return shall include the information required by paragraph (b)(5)(ii) of § 1.401-1. In...

  4. Free School Fruit--Sustained Effect 1 Year Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bere, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Bjelland, M.; Klepp, K.-I.

    2006-01-01

    This study reports the effect of a school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a subscription to the Norwegian School Fruit Programme at no parental cost, and the Fruit and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM) educational programme, both delivered in the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly chosen schools received the…

  5. STEP, Year 1, Volume III: An Enrollment Forecaster for STEP.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ackerman, Jerry; And Others

    This volume describes an automated procedure for multiyear enrollment forecasting in the Trenton, New Jersey, public schools. Enrollment forecasts generated by this procedure will provide enrollment estimates in each district's instructional program. Data required to operate the forecaster will be collected during the second year of its operation.…

  6. Year 3 Term 1. Report Unit. National Literacy Strategy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department for Education and Skills, London (England).

    In this unit of work, Year 3 children will learn to use the contents and index pages and to extract information about "Teeth and eating" from different types of non-fiction texts, including ICT (Information and Communications Technology) texts. After analyzing a non-chronological report, they will write a report on the subject of "Teeth and…

  7. Rational Action Selection in 1 1/2- to 3-Year-Olds Following an Extended Training Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klossek, Ulrike M. H.; Dickinson, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Previous studies failed to find evidence for rational action selection in children under 2 years of age. The current study investigated whether younger children required more training to encode the relevant causal relationships. Children between 1 1/2 and 3 years of age were trained over two sessions to perform actions on a touch-sensitive screen…

  8. Pediatric Pulmonology year in review 2014: Part 1.

    PubMed

    Noah, Terry L; Yilmaz, Ozge; Nicolai, Thomas; Birnkrant, David; Praud, Jean-Paul

    2015-06-01

    Our discipline and our journal cover an extremely broad range of research and scholarly topics related to children's respiratory disorders. To better meet the needs of our readership for updated perspectives on the rapidly expanding knowledge in our field, we here summarize the past year's publications in our major topic areas, as well as selected publications in these areas from the core clinical journal literature outside our own pages. PMID:25891206

  9. Pediatric Pulmonology year in review 2015: Part 1.

    PubMed

    Auten, Richard; Schwarze, Jurgen; Ren, Clement; Davis, Stephanie; Noah, Terry L

    2016-07-01

    Our journal covers a broad range of research and scholarly topics related to children's respiratory disorders. For updated perspectives on the rapidly expanding knowledge in our field, we will summarize the past year's publications in our major topic areas, as well as selected publications in these areas from the core clinical journal literature outside our own pages. The current review covers articles on neonatal lung disease, pulmonary physiology, and respiratory infection. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:733-739. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27124279

  10. Second United States Microgravity Laboratory: One Year Report. Volume 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vlasse, M (Editor); McCauley, D. (Editor); Walker, C. (Editor)

    1998-01-01

    This document reports the one year science results for the important and highly successful Second United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-2). The USML-2 mission consisted of a pressurized Spacelab module where the crew performed experiments. The mission also included a Glovebox where the crew performed additional experiments for the investigators. Together, about 36 major scientific experiments were performed, advancing the state of knowledge in fields such as fluid physics, solidification of metals, alloys, and semiconductors, combustion, and the growth of protein crystals. The results demonstrate the range of quality science that can be conducted utilizing orbital laboratories in microgravity and provide a look forward to a highly productive Space Station era.

  11. 26 CFR 1.6042-1 - Return of information as to dividends paid in calendar years before 1963.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Information Returns § 1.6042-1 Return of information as to dividends paid in calendar years before 1963. (a) Requirement of return—(1) In general. Except as provided in subparagraphs (2) and (3) of this paragraph, every...

  12. 26 CFR 1.514(a)-2 - Business lease rents and deductions for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Business lease rents and deductions for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970. 1.514(a)-2 Section 1.514(a)-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED)...

  13. Abstracts of Phase 1 awards, (fiscal year) 1987

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    Contained in this booklet are abstracts of the Phase I awards made in Fiscal Year 1987 under the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program in the Department of Energy (DOE). The program is designed for implementation in a three-phase process, with Phase I determining the scientific or technical merit and feasibility of ideas proposed for investigation. The period of performance in this initial phase is relatively brief, typically about 6 months, and the awards are limited to $50,000. Phase II is the principal research or research and development effort, and the awards are as high as $500,000 for work to be performed in periods of up to 2 years. Phase III is the commercial application. The 111 Phase I projects described were selected in a highly competitive process from a total of 942 proposals received in response to the 1987 Solicitation. They cover the fields of chemistry, materials, control systems, plant natural products, instrumentation, nuclear medicine, health and environmental effects, high energy physics, particle accelerators, nuclear physics, plasma diagnostics and confinement, fusion energy systems, robotics and remote systems, nuclear reactors, space nuclear power, fuel cycle, decontamination/decommissioning, commputers in nuclear plants, coal, enhanced oil recovery/tar sands, fossil energy, photovoltaics, solar thermal, ceramics for heat engines, and industrial separation, conversion and recovery processes. (DLC)

  14. 26 CFR 1.168(k)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    .... Example 4. On September 1, 2001, L began constructing an electric generation power plant for its own use... 11, 2001. Example 5. Same facts as Example 4 except that L began constructing the electric generation... new electric generation power plant that is being constructed on M's behalf. The construction of...

  15. Pediatric Diabetes Consortium Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) New Onset (NeOn) Study: Factors Associated with HbA1c Levels One Year after Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Redondo, Maria J.; Connor, Crystal G.; Ruedy, Katrina J.; Beck, Roy W.; Kollman, Craig; Wood, Jamie R.; Buckingham, Bruce; Klingensmith, Georgeanna; Silverstein, Janet; Tamborlane, William V.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To identify determinants of HbA1c levels one year after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in participants in the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium (PDC) T1D New Onset (NeOn) Study. Research Design and Methods Diabetes-specific as well as socioeconomic factors during the first year following diagnosis were analyzed in 857 participants (mean age 9.1 years, 51% female, 66% non-Hispanic White) not participating in an intervention study who had an HbA1c value at 12 months. Results Mean ± SD HbA1c at one year was 62 ± 16 mmol/mol (7.8% ± 1.5). In univariate and multivariate analyses, clinical center, non-Hispanic White race, private health insurance, living with both parents, higher frequency of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), and lower insulin requirements were associated with lower HbA1c concentrations at one year (p<0.01). No association was found with gender, age, Tanner stage, BMI, DKA at onset, number of positive autoantibodies or HbA1c at onset, or number of visits to diabetes physician during the first year. Conclusions White race, higher socioeconomic status, two-parent household, more frequent SMBG and low insulin requirements are associated with lower HbA1c concentration one year after the onset of T1D in children. PMID:23889707

  16. Model year 2010 Honda insight level-1 testing report.

    SciTech Connect

    Rask, E.; Bocci, D.; Duoba, M.; Lohse-Busch, H.

    2011-03-22

    As a part of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), a model year 2010 Honda Insight was procured by eTec (Phoenix, AZ) and sent to ANL's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility for the purposes of vehicle-level testing in support of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA). Data was acquired during testing using non-intrusive sensors, vehicle network information, and facilities equipment (emissions and dynamometer data). Standard drive cycles, performance cycles, steady-state cycles and A/C usage cycles were tested. Much of this data is openly available for download in ANL's Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D3). The major results are shown here in this report. Given the preliminary nature of this assessment, the majority of the testing was done over standard regulatory cycles and seeks to obtain a general overview of how the vehicle performs. These cycles include the US FTP cycle (Urban) and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycle as well as the US06, a more aggressive supplemental regulatory cycle. Data collection for this testing was kept at a fairly high level and includes emissions and fuel measurements from an exhaust emissions bench, high-voltage and accessory current and voltage from a DC power analyzer, and CAN bus data such as engine speed, engine load, and electric machine operation when available. The following sections will seek to explain some of the basic operating characteristics of the MY2010 Insight and provide insight into unique features of its operation and design.

  17. Model year 2010 Ford Fusion Level-1 testing report.

    SciTech Connect

    Rask, E.; Bocci, D.; Duoba, M.; Lohse-Busch, H.; Energy Systems

    2010-11-23

    As a part of the US Department of Energy's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA), a model year 2010 Ford Fusion was procured by eTec (Phoenix, AZ) and sent to ANL's Advanced Powertrain Research Facility for the purposes of vehicle-level testing in support of the Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity. Data was acquired during testing using non-intrusive sensors, vehicle network information, and facilities equipment (emissions and dynamometer). Standard drive cycles, performance cycles, steady-state cycles, and A/C usage cycles were conducted. Much of this data is openly available for download in ANL's Downloadable Dynamometer Database. The major results are shown in this report. Given the benchmark nature of this assessment, the majority of the testing was done over standard regulatory cycles and sought to obtain a general overview of how the vehicle performs. These cycles include the US FTP cycle (Urban) and Highway Fuel Economy Test cycle as well as the US06, a more aggressive supplemental regulatory cycle. Data collection for this testing was kept at a fairly high level and includes emissions and fuel measurements from an exhaust emissions bench, high-voltage and accessory current/voltage from a DC power analyzer, and CAN bus data such as engine speed, engine load, and electric machine operation. The following sections will seek to explain some of the basic operating characteristics of the MY2010 Fusion and provide insight into unique features of its operation and design.

  18. Race to the Top. Massachusetts Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Massachusetts' Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Massachusetts' Year 1 accomplishments include: capacity building within its Department of Elementary and…

  19. Race to the Top. Maryland Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Maryland's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Maryland's Year 1 accomplishments include critical capacity-building at the Maryland State Department of…

  20. Race to the Top. Rhode Island Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Rhode Island's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. According to the State, in Year 1, Rhode Island greatly increased statewide capacity to begin…

  1. 26 CFR 1.72-13 - Special rule for employee contributions recoverable in three years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... recoverable in three years. 1.72-13 Section 1.72-13 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF... in Gross Income § 1.72-13 Special rule for employee contributions recoverable in three years. (a... contract within three years from the date on which an amount is first received as an annuity...

  2. 26 CFR 1.4-4 - Short taxable year caused by death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable year caused by death. 1.4-4... TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-4 Short taxable year caused by death. An individual making a... taxable year results from the death of the taxpayer. Tax on Corporations...

  3. 26 CFR 1.4-4 - Short taxable year caused by death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Short taxable year caused by death. 1.4-4... TAXES Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-4 Short taxable year caused by death. An individual making a... taxable year results from the death of the taxpayer. Tax on Corporations...

  4. 26 CFR 1.410(a)-8T - Year of service; break in service (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Year of service; break in service (temporary). 1...)-8T Year of service; break in service (temporary). (a)-(b) (c) Breaks in service. (1) (2) Employees...-year break in service under a plan which provides that after not more than 2 years of service...

  5. Generation 1.5 Writing Compared to L1 and L2 Writing in First-Year Composition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doolan, Stephen M.

    2013-01-01

    Recently, scholars have suggested that "second-language writers" are made up of two distinct groups: Generation 1.5 (long-term U.S.-resident language learners) and more traditional L2 students (e.g., international or recently arrived immigrants). To investigate that claim, this study compares the first-year composition writing of Generation 1.5…

  6. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year....

  7. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year....

  8. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year....

  9. 26 CFR 1.858-1 - Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust..., DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Real Estate Investment Trusts § 1.858-1 Dividends paid by a real estate investment trust after close of taxable year. (a) General...

  10. 26 CFR 1.41-4A - Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... constitute qualified research. Thus, wages paid to an employee scientist for services performed in a... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Qualified research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-4A Qualified research for...

  11. 26 CFR 1.41-4A - Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... constitute qualified research. Thus, wages paid to an employee scientist for services performed in a... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Qualified research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-4A Qualified research for...

  12. 26 CFR 1.41-4A - Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... constitute qualified research. Thus, wages paid to an employee scientist for services performed in a... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Qualified research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-4A Qualified research for...

  13. 26 CFR 1.41-4A - Qualified research for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1986.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... constitute qualified research. Thus, wages paid to an employee scientist for services performed in a... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Qualified research for taxable years beginning... THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-4A Qualified research for...

  14. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1A - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Amounts treated as received in prior taxable....668(a)-1A Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income. (a) Section... deduction allowed to the trust in computing distributable net income for a preceding taxable year (such...

  15. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1A - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Amounts treated as received in prior taxable....668(a)-1A Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income. (a) Section... deduction allowed to the trust in computing distributable net income for a preceding taxable year (such...

  16. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1A - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Amounts treated as received in prior taxable....668(a)-1A Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income. (a) Section... deduction allowed to the trust in computing distributable net income for a preceding taxable year (such...

  17. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1A - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Amounts treated as received in prior taxable....668(a)-1A Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income. (a) Section... deduction allowed to the trust in computing distributable net income for a preceding taxable year (such...

  18. A prospective randomized study of 1- and 2-stage sinus inlay bone grafts: 1-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Wannfors, K; Johansson, B; Hallman, M; Strandkvist, T

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the success of and surgical differences between 1- and 2-stage sinus inlay bone grafts and implants after 1 year in function. The individual risk for implant failure in grafted areas among 1-stage patients was about twice the risk in 2-stage patients (odds ratio 2.3, CI 0.6; 8.5). The risk for implant failure in non-grafted areas was significantly lower (P < .05) than in grafted areas, regardless of the technique used. Forty edentulous patients, selected according to strict inclusion criteria from consecutive referrals, were allocated to one or other of the 2 sinus-inlay procedures. Twenty patients received bone blocks fixed by implants to the residual alveolar crest in a 1-stage procedure (group 1). In another 20 patients, particulated bone was condensed against the antral floor and left to heal for 6 months before implants were placed (group 2). An almost equal number of implants was placed in the patients of each group, 76 in the 1-stage procedure and 74 in the 2-stage procedure. Additionally, 72 and 66 implants were placed in the anterior non-grafted regions of group 1 and group 2 patients, respectively. After 1 year in function, a total of 20 implants failed in 1-stage patients, versus 11 in 2-stage patients. Sixteen and 8 implants, respectively, of these were placed in grafted bone. All but one 1-stage patient received the planned fixed prosthetic restorations, but 1 restoration was redesigned after the first year in function because of a functionally unacceptable prosthetic design. At the 1-year follow-up, one 2-stage patient lost her prosthesis as the result of multiple implant failures. Bruxism and postoperative infections were the only parameters that could be related to implant failure, however, depending on the statistical method used. PMID:11055129

  19. 26 CFR 1.451-1 - General rule for taxable year of inclusion.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... taxpayer unless includible for a different year in accordance with the taxpayer's method of accounting. Under an accrual method of accounting, income is includible in gross income when all the events have... reasonable accuracy. Therefore, under such a method of accounting if, in the case of compensation...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1502-76 - Taxable year of members of group.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Taxable year of members of group. 1.1502-76 Section 1.1502-76 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Administrative Provisions and Other Rules § 1.1502-76 Taxable year of members of group. (a) Taxable...

  1. 26 CFR 1.702-3T - 4-Year spread (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false 4-Year spread (temporary). 1.702-3T Section 1.702-3T Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Partners and Partnerships § 1.702-3T 4-Year spread (temporary). (a) Applicability. This section applies to...

  2. 26 CFR 1.995-2 - Deemed distributions in qualified years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Deemed distributions in qualified years. 1.995-2 Section 1.995-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Domestic International Sales Corporations § 1.995-2 Deemed distributions in qualified years....

  3. 26 CFR 1.4-4 - Short taxable year caused by death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Short taxable year caused by death. 1.4-4 Section... Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-4 Short taxable year caused by death. An individual making a return for a... results from the death of the taxpayer. Tax on Corporations...

  4. 26 CFR 1.4-4 - Short taxable year caused by death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true Short taxable year caused by death. 1.4-4 Section... Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-4 Short taxable year caused by death. An individual making a return for a... results from the death of the taxpayer. Tax on Corporations...

  5. 26 CFR 1.4-4 - Short taxable year caused by death.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2014-04-01 2013-04-01 true Short taxable year caused by death. 1.4-4 Section... Normal Taxes and Surtaxes § 1.4-4 Short taxable year caused by death. An individual making a return for a... results from the death of the taxpayer. Tax on Corporations...

  6. 26 CFR 1.702-3T - 4-Year spread (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 4-Year spread (temporary). 1.702-3T Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Partners and Partnerships § 1.702-3T 4-Year spread (temporary). (a) Applicability... spread. A partner may elect out of the rules of paragraph (b) of this section by meeting the...

  7. 26 CFR 1.332-3 - Liquidations completed within one taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liquidations completed within one taxable year. 1.332-3 Section 1.332-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY... within one taxable year. If in a liquidation completed within one taxable year pursuant to a plan...

  8. 26 CFR 1.6654-3 - Short taxable years of individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Short taxable years of individuals. 1.6654-3... Penalties § 1.6654-3 Short taxable years of individuals. (a) In general. The provisions of section 6654... paragraph (b) of this section, are applicable in the case of a short taxable year. (b) Rules as...

  9. Latent Classes of Adolescent Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Predict Functioning and Disorder after 1 Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ayer, Lynsay; Danielson, Carla Kmett; Amstadter, Ananda B.; Ruggiero, Ken; Saunders, Ben; Kilpatrick, Dean

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To identify latent classes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a national sample of adolescents, and to test their associations with PTSD and functional impairment 1 year later. Method: A total of 1,119 trauma-exposed youth aged 12 through 17 years (mean = 14.99 years, 51% female and 49% male) participating in the…

  10. 26 CFR 1.995-2 - Deemed distributions in qualified years.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Deemed distributions in qualified years. 1.995... Deemed distributions in qualified years. (a) General rule. Under section 995 (b)(1), each shareholder of... stock on the last day of each taxable year of the DISC, in an amount which is equal to his pro...

  11. 26 CFR 1.6654-3 - Short taxable years of individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Short taxable years of individuals. 1.6654-3... Penalties § 1.6654-3 Short taxable years of individuals. (a) In general. The provisions of section 6654... paragraph (b) of this section, are applicable in the case of a short taxable year. (b) Rules as...

  12. 26 CFR 1.6033-1 - Returns by exempt organizations; taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 401 (a) which is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) shall file an annual return on Form 990-P... appropriate. (h) The total of the contributions and gifts received by it during the year. A statement shall be... information required in (a) through (h) of this subdivision, the organization shall furnish such...

  13. 26 CFR 1.6033-1 - Returns by exempt organizations; taxable years beginning before January 1, 1970.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 401 (a) which is exempt from taxation under section 501 (a) shall file an annual return on Form 990-P... appropriate. (h) The total of the contributions and gifts received by it during the year. A statement shall be... information required in (a) through (h) of this subdivision, the organization shall furnish such...

  14. Landlord project multi-year program plan, fiscal year 1999, WBS 1.5

    SciTech Connect

    Dallas, M.D.

    1998-09-22

    The MYWP technical baseline describes the work to be accomplished by the Project and the technical standards which govern that work. The mission of Landlord Project is to provide more maintenance replacement of general infrastructure facilities and systems to facilitate the Hanford Site cleanup mission. Also, once an infrastructure facility or system is no longer needed the Landlord Project transitions the facility to final closure/removal through excess, salvage or demolition. Landlord Project activities will be performed in an environmentally sound, safe, economical, prudent, and reliable manner. The Landlord Project consists of the following facilities systems: steam, water, liquid sanitary waste, electrical distribution, telecommunication, sanitary landfill, emergency services, general purpose offices, general purpose shops, general purpose warehouses, environmental supports facilities, roads, railroad, and the site land. The objectives for general infrastructure support are reflected in two specific areas, (1) Core Infrastructure Maintenance, and (2) Infrastructure Risk Mitigation.

  15. Race to the Top. Ohio Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Ohio's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Prior to the first year of its Race to the Top grant, Ohio revised some Ohio Department of Education (ODE) job…

  16. Race to the Top. Georgia Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Georgia's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Georgia's first-year accomplishments include awarding the State's first five Race to the Top Innovation Fund…

  17. Race to the Top. Hawaii Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Hawaii's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. This past year, Hawaii significantly improved collaboration among the Governor's Office, the HIDOE (Hawaii…

  18. Reactions Following Completion of 1 and 2 Year Multidrug Therapy (MDT)

    PubMed Central

    Balagon, Ma. Victoria F.; Gelber, Robert H.; Abalos, Rodolfo M.; Cellona, Roland V.

    2010-01-01

    We evaluated the incidence, severity, and duration of reactional states in 139 multibacillary (MB) leprosy patients in the first 2 years after the completion of the 1 year regimen of multidrug therapy (MDT) currently recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) and compared those findings with 295 MB leprosy patients treated with the same regimen previously recommended for 2 years. During the first year after the completion of 1 year MDT, patients experienced 1 or more reactional states 27% of the time, the vast majority being lepra type 1 reactions (reversal reactions, RR), whereas patients who received 2 year MDT experienced a reactional state during that time period only 8% of the time (P < 0.001). Furthermore, during the first year after the completion of therapy, and during the first 2 years, both the number of reactional states and reversal reactions were significantly (P ≤ 0.004) more frequent, severe, of longer duration, and more commonly associated with neuritis. PMID:20810832

  19. 26 CFR 1.411(a)-6 - Year of service; hours of service; breaks in service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...(a)(3)(C). See regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Labor under 29 CFR Part 2530, relating to... year of service after his return to service. (ii) Defined contribution plan. In the case of a... service defined. The term “1-year break in service” means a calendar year, plan year, or other...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1362-3 - Treatment of S termination year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Treatment of S termination year. 1.1362-3... Treatment of S termination year. (a) In general. If an S election terminates under section 1362(d) on a date other than the first day of a taxable year of the corporation, the corporation's taxable year in...

  1. Facility stabilization project, fiscal year 1998 -- Multi-year workplan (MYWP) for WBS 1.4

    SciTech Connect

    Floberg, W.C.

    1997-09-30

    The primary Facility Stabilization mission is to provide minimum safe surveillance and maintenance of facilities and deactivate facilities on the Hanford Site, to reduce risks to workers, the public and environment, transition the facilities to a low cost, long term surveillance and maintenance state, and to provide safe and secure storage of special nuclear materials, nuclear materials, and nuclear fuel. Facility Stabilization will protect the health and safety of the public and workers, protect the environment and provide beneficial use of the facilities and other resources. Work will be in accordance with the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (Tri-Party Agreement), local, national, international and other agreements, and in compliance with all applicable Federal, state, and local laws. The stakeholders will be active participants in the decision processes including establishing priorities, and in developing a consistent set of rules, regulations, and laws. The work will be leveraged with a view of providing positive, lasting economic impact in the region. Effectiveness, efficiency, and discipline in all mission activities will enable Hanford Site to achieve its mission in a continuous and substantive manner. As the mission for Facility Stabilization has shifted from production to support of environmental restoration, each facility is making a transition to support the Site mission. The mission goals include the following: (1) Achieve deactivation of facilities for transfer to EM-40, using Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) plant deactivation as a model for future facility deactivation; (2) Manage nuclear materials in a safe and secure condition and where appropriate, in accordance with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards rules; (3) Treat nuclear materials as necessary, and store onsite in long-term interim safe storage awaiting a final disposition decision by US Department of Energy; (4) Implement nuclear materials

  2. Transition projects FY 1995 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP)/Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) WBS 1.3.1 and 7.1. Volume 4

    SciTech Connect

    Cartmell, D.B.

    1994-09-01

    This reference contains information about the deactivation of the Purex Process Plant located on the Hanford Reservation. This document consists of a tabular schedule of events covering the next three years.

  3. Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems Ten-Year Program Plan Fiscal Year 2005, Volume 1

    SciTech Connect

    2005-03-01

    As reflected in the U.S. ''National Energy Policy'', nuclear energy has a strong role to play in satisfying our nation's future energy security and environmental quality needs. The desirable environmental, economic, and sustainability attributes of nuclear energy give it a cornerstone position, not only in the U.S. energy portfolio, but also in the world's future energy portfolio. Accordingly, on September 20, 2002, U.S. Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham announced that, ''The United States and nine other countries have agreed to develop six Generation IV nuclear energy concepts''. The Secretary also noted that the systems are expected to ''represent significant advances in economics, safety, reliability, proliferation resistance, and waste minimization''. The six systems and their broad, worldwide research and development (R&D) needs are described in ''A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems'' (hereafter referred to as the Generation IV Roadmap). The first 10 years of required U.S. R&D contributions to achieve the goals described in the Generation IV Roadmap are outlined in this Program Plan.

  4. 26 CFR 1.702-3T - 4-Year spread (temporary).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ..., and to file a return for the short taxable year ending December 31, 1987. Based on the above facts... the end of 1989). Example 6. Assume the same facts as in example 1, except that X, a personal service corporation as defined in section 441(i), is a partner of P1. X is a calendar year taxpayer, and thus is...

  5. Changes in Sexual Values and Their Sources over the 1st Year of College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Elizabeth M.; Zurbriggen, Eileen L.

    2012-01-01

    The present study identified emerging adults' self-generated sexual values and sources of sexual values upon entering college and a year later to assess how these values and sources may have changed. Participants included 148 college students (86 women and 62 men) who were 17 to 19 years old at Time 1 (M = 18.1). Generative coding revealed seven…

  6. Type 1 diabetes mellitus in a 3 1/2 year-old girl with Turner's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Gonc, E Nazli; Ozon, Alev; Alikasifoglu, Ayfer; Kandemir, Nurgun

    2002-01-01

    Turner's syndrome is associated with autoimmune disorders. Autoimmune endocrinopathy in Turner's syndrome seems to be limited to autoimmune thyroiditis. A small number of patients with Turner's syndrome has also been associated with celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Type 1 diabetes mellitus in Turner's syndrome has been rarely reported. We present here the youngest patient with Turner's syndrome who developed type 1 diabetes mellitus. At the age of 3.5 years she was hospitalized with diabetic ketoacidosis. Anti-islet cell and anti-insulin antibodies were positive and C-peptide level was low. When she was investigated for recurrent urinary tract infections, horseshoe kidney was detected by ultrasonography. Karyotype analysis revealed 45,XO. She has been followed for 2 years with an insulin dose of 0.9 U/kg per day. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes mellitus associated with Turner's syndrome is still unknown. PMID:12387520

  7. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Sum of the years-digits method. 1.167(b)-3 Section 1.167(b)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.167(b)-3 Sum of the years-digits method....

  8. 26 CFR 1.167(b)-3 - Sum of the years-digits method.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sum of the years-digits method. 1.167(b)-3 Section 1.167(b)-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Itemized Deductions for Individuals and Corporations § 1.167(b)-3 Sum of the years-digits method....

  9. 26 CFR 1.907(a)-0 - Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982). 1.907(a)-0 Section 1.907(a)-0 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Income from Sources Without the United States § 1.907(a)-0 Introduction...

  10. 26 CFR 1.441-3 - Taxable year of a personal service corporation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Taxable year of a personal service corporation... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Accounting Periods § 1.441-3 Taxable year of a personal... this section, the taxable year of a personal service corporation (PSC) (as defined in paragraph (c)...

  11. 26 CFR 1.6654-3 - Short taxable years of individuals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Short taxable years of individuals. 1.6654-3....6654-3 Short taxable years of individuals. (a) In general. The provisions of section 6654, with certain... section, are applicable in the case of a short taxable year. (b) Rules as to application of section...

  12. Race to the Top. Delaware Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Delaware's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Delaware created new structures at the State level to support both State and LEA (local education agency) Race…

  13. Race to the Top. District of Columbia Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of the District of Columbia's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. The Office of the State Superintendent of Education (OSSE) manages the District of Columbia…

  14. Race to the Top. Florida Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Florida's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Florida received a Race to the Top award in September 2010 as part of Phase 2 of the Race to the Top…

  15. Race to the Top. New York Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of New York's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. New York significantly increased its capacity to provide support to its local educational agencies (LEAs). At…

  16. Race to the Top. Tennessee Report. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of Tennessee's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Tennessee received its Race to the Top grant in July 2010 as part of the first round of the competition.…

  17. Race to the Top. North Carolina. Year 1: School Year 2010-2011. [State-Specific Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    This State-specific summary report serves as an assessment of North Carolina's Year 1 Race to the Top implementation, highlighting successes and accomplishments, identifying challenges, and providing lessons learned from implementation to date. Delaware created new structures at the State level to support both State and LEA (local education…

  18. Small- and Large-Fiber Neuropathy After 40 Years of Type 1 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Sveen, Kari Anne; Karimé, Bassam; Jørum, Ellen; Mellgren, Svein Ivar; Fagerland, Morten Wang; Monnier, Vincent M.; Dahl-Jørgensen, Knut; Hanssen, Kristian F.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To study large- and small-nerve fiber function in type 1 diabetes of long duration and associations with HbA1c and the advanced glycation end products (AGEs) N-ε-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) and methylglyoxal-derived hydroimidazolone. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In a long-term follow-up study, 27 persons with type 1 diabetes of 40 ± 3 years duration underwent large-nerve fiber examinations, with nerve conduction studies at baseline and years 8, 17, and 27. Small-fiber functions were assessed by quantitative sensory thresholds (QST) and intraepidermal nerve fiber density (IENFD) at year 27. HbA1c was measured prospectively through 27 years. Serum CML was measured at year 17 by immunoassay. Serum hydroimidazolone was measured at year 27 with liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. RESULTS Sixteen patients (59%) had large-fiber neuropathy. Twenty-two (81%) had small-fiber dysfunction by QST. Heat pain thresholds in the foot were associated with hydroimidazolone and HbA1c. IENFD was abnormal in 19 (70%) and significantly lower in diabetic patients than in age-matched control subjects (4.3 ± 2.3 vs. 11.2 ± 3.5 mm, P < 0.001). IENFD correlated negatively with HbA1c over 27 years (r = −0.4, P = 0.04) and CML (r = −0.5, P = 0.01). After adjustment for age, height, and BMI in a multiple linear regression model, CML was still independently associated with IENFD. CONCLUSIONS Small-fiber sensory neuropathy is a major manifestation in type 1 diabetes of 40 years duration and more prevalent than large-fiber neuropathy. HbA1c and the AGEs CML and hydroimidazolone are important risk factors in the development of large- and small-fiber dysfunction in long-term type 1 diabetes. PMID:24026557

  19. The Effect of Body Mass Index on Pelvic Floor Support 1 Year Postpartum.

    PubMed

    Chen, Yi; Johnson, Benjamin; Li, Fangyong; King, William C; Connell, Kathleen A; Guess, Marsha K

    2016-02-01

    Elevated body mass index (BMI) is associated with the incidence, prevalence, and progression of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). This study investigated the effect of peripartum BMI on pelvic floor support 1 year postpartum (PP1y). One hundred eight nulliparous women had their BMI recorded and underwent POP assessments using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System at baseline, third trimester (36th to 38th week of pregnancy [G36-38w]), and PP1y. Pelvic organ prolapse was defined as ≥stage II. Women gained on average 1.9 kg between baseline and PP1y. After adjustment, increasing BMI PP1y was associated with increasing anterior wall descent (P < .0001) and higher odds of having POP PP1y (odds ratio: 1.41, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.97, P = .045). Trial of labor compared to unlabored cesarean delivery, POP G36-38w, and decreased fetal weight were independently associated with anterior vaginal wall laxity PP1y. Our finding suggests that postpartum BMI influences pelvic floor laxity 1 year after delivery. Postpartum weight reduction may serve as a strategy for POP prevention in some women. PMID:26494698

  20. Restoration of the Ellipsoid Zone and Visual Prognosis at 1 Year after Surgical Macular Hole Closure

    PubMed Central

    Hasebe, Hiruma; Matsuoka, Naoki; Terashima, Hiroko; Sasaki, Ryo; Ueda, Eriko; Fukuchi, Takeo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To evaluate the restoration of the ellipsoid zone (EZ) and its influence on visual prognosis 1 year after surgical macular hole (MH) closure. Method. Subjects were patients with stage 2, 3, or 4 idiopathic MH who underwent primary vitrectomy that resulted in successful hole closure. Nineteen eyes with both EZ disruption with foveal detachment and a continuous external limiting membrane on optical coherence tomography during the early postoperative period were included in this study. Result. EZ disruption was restored in 10 eyes (53%, Group A) and remained in 9 eyes (47%, Group B) at 1 year after surgery. In Group B, the diameter of the residual EZ disruption was 54.7 ± 33.1 μm. LogMAR visual acuity (VA) 1 year after surgery was significantly better than preoperative VA in each group (Group A: −0.007 ± 0.102; P < 0.001; Group B: 0.051 ± 0.148; P < 0.001), but there was no significant difference between the 2 groups (P = 0.332). There was no significant correlation between logMAR VA and EZ disruption diameter at 1 year after surgery. Conclusion. EZ was restored in 53% of eyes at 1 year after surgical closure of idiopathic MH. Mean residual EZ disruption diameter was 54.7 ± 33.1 μm. Neither resolved nor residual EZ disruption influenced postoperative VA. PMID:26941999

  1. RCRA and operational monitoring (ROM): Multi-year program plan and fiscal year 96 work plan. WBS 1.5.3, Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    1995-09-01

    The RCRA & Operational Monitoring (ROM) Program Office manages the Hanford Site direct funded Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Operational Monitoring under Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 1.01.05.03. The ROM Program Office is included in Hanford Technical Services, a part of Projects & Site Services of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). The 1996 Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP) includes the Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP). The Multi-Year Program Plan takes its direction from the Westinghouse Planning Baseline Integration Organization. The MYPP provides both the near term, enhanced details and the long term, projected details for the Program Office to use as baseline Cost, Scope and Schedule. Change Control administered during the fiscal year is against the baseline provided by near term details of this document. The MYPP process has been developed by WHC to meet its internal planning and integration needs and complies with the requirements of the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office (RL) Long Range Planning Process Directive (RLID 5000.2). Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC) has developed the multi-year planning process for programs to establish the technical, schedule and cost baselines for program and support activities under WHC`s scope of responsibility. The baseline information is developed by both WHC indirect funded support services organization, and direct funded programs in WHC. WHC Planning and Integration utilizes the information presented in the program specific MYPP and the Program Master Baseline Schedule (PMBS) to develop the Site-Wide Integrated Schedule.

  2. 29 CFR 2530.204-1 - Year of participation for benefit accrual.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Year of participation for benefit accrual. 2530.204-1 Section 2530.204-1 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR EMPLOYEE PENSION BENEFIT PLANS UNDER THE EMPLOYEE RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY ACT OF 1974 RULES...

  3. 26 CFR 1.907(a)-0 - Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982). 1.907(a)-0 Section 1.907(a)-0 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Income from Sources Without the United States §...

  4. 26 CFR 1.907(a)-0 - Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982). 1.907(a)-0 Section 1.907(a)-0 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Income from Sources Without the United States §...

  5. 26 CFR 1.907(a)-0 - Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Introduction (for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1982). 1.907(a)-0 Section 1.907(a)-0 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Income from Sources Without the United States §...

  6. A rare case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma in 1-year-old child

    PubMed Central

    Kandakumar, Vignesh; Ganesan, Prasanth; Bajpai, Peush; Rajendranath, Rejiv; Tenali, Sagar; Majhi, Urmila; Sivaprakasam, Ponni

    2011-01-01

    Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) represents approximately 12% of lymphoid neoplasms. They are even rarer in children and represent only 1% of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in this age group. We report a case of PTCL in a 1-year-old female child for its rarity. PMID:22563159

  7. 26 CFR 1.441-2 - Election of taxable year consisting of 52-53 weeks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of paragraph (e)(2) of this section may be illustrated by the following examples: Example 1. ABC..., A, B, and C, are individual calendar year taxpayers. Assume that, for ABC's taxable year ending January 3, 2001, each partner's distributive share of ABC's taxable income is $10,000. Under section...

  8. 26 CFR 1.1362-3 - Treatment of S termination year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... corporation on December 31, 1993. On March 1, 1994, C makes a gift of his entire shareholder interest to T, a... of each person who is a shareholder in the corporation at any time during the S short year and of each person who is a shareholder in the corporation on the first day of the C short year. See §...

  9. Percutaneous coronary intervention in the elderly: procedural success and 1-year outcomes.

    PubMed

    Eckart, Robert E; Shry, Eric A; Simpson, Daniel E; Stajduhar, Karl C

    2003-01-01

    Clinical trials have found increased morbidity in elderly persons presenting for percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic stable angina. Long-term follow-up is limited for the elderly following percutaneous coronary intervention. The authors reviewed all coronary interventions performed from January 1998 to August 2001. One year following the procedure, subjects were screened for death, need for revascularization, and myocardial infarction. There were 401 subjects aged >/=65 years (mean 73.4+/-6.0 years) and 479 subjects aged <65 years (mean 55.6+/-6.7 years). Although there was no difference in 1-year rate of subsequent myocardial infarction or in revascularization, the elderly were more likely to die during hospitalization (4.7% vs. 1.0%, p<0.01), and at 1 year (10.2% vs. 4.0%, p<0.01). When controlled for ejection fraction, age was no longer significant in either predischarge mortality or in 1-year mortality. Excess postpercutaneous coronary intervention mortality in the elderly may be due to underlying comorbidities and not due to subsequent myocardial infarction or revascularization. PMID:14610387

  10. Expanding Access, Participation, and Success in International Baccalaureate Programmes: Year 1 Documentation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Thomas B.; Gerry, Gail B.

    2010-01-01

    In fall 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded a three-year project (IB Access Project) with International Baccalaureate (IB) to increase participation of minority students and students in poverty in the Middle Years Programme (MYP) and Diploma Programme (DP). The IB Access Project seeks to do four things: (1) Improve teacher practice…

  11. [Granuloma Gravidarum in a 37-year-old 1st Gravida, 1st Para--A Case Report].

    PubMed

    Findeklee, S

    2015-10-01

    The granuloma gravidarum is a rare benign tumour with gingival origin. It occurs in circa 0.2% of pregnancies. Mostly we see an asymptomatic course of disease terminated by hormonal changes after delivery. If the granuloma is associated with complaints of the pregnant woman, for example masticational pain or recurrent bleedings, therapeutic options are conservative therapy, surgery or delivery. We report the case of a 37-year-old 1st gravida, 1st para who had an induced delivery in the 39+2 gestational week because of a symptomatic granuloma gravidarum. We saw a spontaneous remission of the granuloma within 3 months post partum. The case report underlines the importance of suitable information for pregnant women about oral hygiene and the necessity of regular dental controls during pregnancy for prophylaxis of granuloma gravidarum. PMID:26402852

  12. Clinical differences between opioid abuse classes ameliorated after 1 year of buprenorphine-medication assisted treatment.

    PubMed

    Tkacz, Joseph; Severt, Jamie; Kassed, Cheryl; Ruetsch, Charles

    2012-01-01

    This study compared the clinical and demographic profiles of three opioid-dependent user groups, and measured their response to 1 year of buprenorphine-medication assisted treatment. Opioid prescription, street, and combination (street + prescription) users completed the Addiction Severity Index multiple times over the course of one treatment year. Although groups differed on all measured demographics (P values <.05) and on six of seven Addiction Severity Index composite scores at induction (P values <.05), differences were ameliorated after 1 year. Findings highlight the disparities between the various opioid-dependent patient subpopulations and suggest that buprenorphine-medication assisted treatment is an effective treatment across user subtypes. PMID:22540432

  13. Peginterferon beta-1a in multiple sclerosis: 2-year results from ADVANCE

    PubMed Central

    Arnold, Douglas L; Balcer, Laura J; Boyko, Alexey A; Pelletier, Jean; Liu, Shifang; Zhu, Ying; Seddighzadeh, Ali; Hung, Serena; Deykin, Aaron; Sheikh, Sarah I; Calabresi, Peter A

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of subcutaneous peginterferon beta-1a over 2 years in patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis in the ADVANCE study. Methods: Patients were randomized to placebo or 125 µg peginterferon beta-1a every 2 or 4 weeks. For Year 2 (Y2), patients originally randomized to placebo were re-randomized to peginterferon beta-1a every 2 weeks or every 4 weeks. Patients randomized to peginterferon beta-1a in Year 1 (Y1) remained on the same dosing regimen in Y2. Results: Compared with Y1, annualized relapse rate (ARR) was further reduced in Y2 with every 2 week dosing (Y1: 0.230 [95% CI 0.183–0.291], Y2: 0.178 [0.136–0.233]) and maintained with every 4 week dosing (Y1: 0.286 [0.231–0.355], Y2: 0.291 [0.231–0.368]). Patients starting peginterferon beta-1a from Y1 displayed improved efficacy versus patients initially assigned placebo, with reductions in ARR (every 2 weeks: 37%, p<0.0001; every 4 weeks: 17%, p=0.0906), risk of relapse (every 2 weeks: 39%, p<0.0001; every 4 weeks: 19%, p=0.0465), 12-week disability progression (every 2 weeks: 33%, p=0.0257; every 4 weeks: 25%, p=0.0960), and 24-week disability progression (every 2 weeks: 41%, p=0.0137; every 4 weeks: 9%, p=0.6243). Over 2 years, greater reductions were observed with every 2 week versus every 4 week dosing for all endpoints and peginterferon beta-1a was well tolerated. Conclusions: Peginterferon beta-1a efficacy is maintained beyond 1 year, with greater effects observed with every 2 week versus every 4 week dosing, and a similar safety profile to Y1. Clinicaltrials.gov Registration Number: NCT00906399. PMID:25432952

  14. Parental spanking of 1-year-old children and subsequent child protective services involvement✩

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Shawna J.; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Berger, Lawrence M.

    2015-01-01

    The majority of U.S. parents spank their children, often beginning when their children are very young. We examined families (N=2,788) who participated in a longitudinal community-based study of new births in urban areas. Prospective analyses examined whether spanking by the child's mother, father, or mother's current partner when the child was 1-year-old was associated with household CPS involvement between age 1 and age 5. Results indicated that 30% of 1-year-olds were spanked at least once in the past month. Spanking at age 1 was associated with increased odds of subsequent CPS involvement (adjusted odds ratio=1.36, 95% CI [1.08, 1.71], p<.01). When compared to non-spanked children, there was a 33% greater probability of subsequent CPS involvement for children who were spanked at age 1. Given the undesirable consequences of spanking children and a lack of empirical evidence to suggest positive effects of physical punishment, professionals who work with families should counsel parents not to spank infants and toddlers. For optimal benefits, efforts to educate parents regarding alternative forms of discipline should begin during the child's first year of life. PMID:24602690

  15. Parental spanking of 1-year-old children and subsequent child protective services involvement.

    PubMed

    Lee, Shawna J; Grogan-Kaylor, Andrew; Berger, Lawrence M

    2014-05-01

    The majority of U.S. parents spank their children, often beginning when their children are very young. We examined families (N=2,788) who participated in a longitudinal community-based study of new births in urban areas. Prospective analyses examined whether spanking by the child's mother, father, or mother's current partner when the child was 1-year-old was associated with household CPS involvement between age 1 and age 5. Results indicated that 30% of 1-year-olds were spanked at least once in the past month. Spanking at age 1 was associated with increased odds of subsequent CPS involvement (adjusted odds ratio=1.36, 95% CI [1.08, 1.71], p<.01). When compared to non-spanked children, there was a 33% greater probability of subsequent CPS involvement for children who were spanked at age 1. Given the undesirable consequences of spanking children and a lack of empirical evidence to suggest positive effects of physical punishment, professionals who work with families should counsel parents not to spank infants and toddlers. For optimal benefits, efforts to educate parents regarding alternative forms of discipline should begin during the child's first year of life. PMID:24602690

  16. Pediatric diabetes consortium type 1 diabetes new onset (NeOn) study: Factors associated with HbA1c levels one year after diagnosis

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    To identify determinants of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels 1 yr after the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in participants in the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium (PDC) T1D New Onset (NeOn) Study. Diabetes-specific as well as socioeconomic factors during the first year following diagnosis were analyze...

  17. A Novel Approach to Materials Development for Advanced Reactor Systems. Annual Report for Year 1

    SciTech Connect

    Was, G.S.; Atzmon, M.; Wang, L.

    2000-09-28

    OAK B188 A Novel Approach to Materials Development for Advanced Reactor Systems. Annual Report for Year 1 Year one of this project had three major goals. First, to specify, order and install a new high current ion source for more rapid and stable proton irradiation. Second, to assess the use of chromium pre-enrichment and the combination of cold-work and irradiation hardening in an effort to assess the role of radiation damage in IASCC without the effects of RIS. Third, to initiate irradiation of reactor pressure vessel steel and Zircaloy. Program Achievements for Year One: Progress was made on all 4 tasks in year one.

  18. 26 CFR 1.1400L(b)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified New York Liberty Zone property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... section 168(e) (for example, 5-year property); (ii) Water utility property as defined in section 168(e)(5... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified New York Liberty Zone property. 1.1400L(b)-1 Section 1.1400L(b)-1 Internal...

  19. 26 CFR 1.1400L(b)-1 - Additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified New York Liberty Zone property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... section 168(e) (for example, 5-year property); (ii) Water utility property as defined in section 168(e)(5... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Additional first year depreciation deduction for qualified New York Liberty Zone property. 1.1400L(b)-1 Section 1.1400L(b)-1 Internal...

  20. Evaluation of the management of Hr-HPV+/PapTest- women: results at 1-year recall

    PubMed Central

    Chiappetta, Caterina; Puggioni, Chiara; Lendaro, Eugenio; Cacciotti, Jessica; Zaralli, Roberto; Migliore, Giovanna; Bellardini, Paola; Petrozza, Vincenzo; Della Rocca, Carlo; Di Cristofano, Claudio

    2015-01-01

    With cervical cancer screening the choice of 1-year as a period of follow-up in positive high-risk HPV women without cytological lesions is still under discussion. We evaluated the management of these women and the role of HPV genotyping test. We did a cervical cancer screening study of women aged 35-64 with primary high-risk HPV test. Women positive for high-risk HPV with negative cytology were followed-up after 1 year. In this study we selected women with high-risk HPV+/PapTest- resulted high-risk HPV+ at recall and performed the PapTest and HPV genotyping test. The detection rate of squamous high grade (CIN2+) relative to the total screened cohort was 2.1‰, and it was 0.2‰ at the 1-year recall. The colposcopy performed in women referred at the 1-year recall accounted for 48.8% of the total (baseline + 1-year recall), and 84.3% of these women had no cytological lesions. The most frequent hr-HPV genotype detected was HPV16 and 66.7% of co-infections were due to HPV16 and HPV18. 54.5% of women presented a persistent infection at 1-year recall with the same HPV subtype, 50% of persistent infections was due to HPV16 and 16.7% of these were determined to be CIN2+ histological lesions. Our data show that it may be useful to extend the period of follow-up for women hr-HPV+/PapTest- so as to reduce the number of unnecessary colposcopies due to the transitory infections and that the genotyping test could help to identify the persistent infections in which HPV16 is involved. PMID:26884886

  1. 26 CFR 1.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 1.7520-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust... case of certain transactions after April 30, 1989, subject to income tax, the fair market value...

  2. 26 CFR 1.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust... actuarial valuations. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and in § 1.7520-3 (relating to... paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Actuarial factors for determining these present values are included...

  3. 26 CFR 1.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust... actuarial valuations. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and in § 1.7520-3 (relating to... paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Actuarial factors for determining these present values are included...

  4. 26 CFR 1.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7520-1 Valuation of... prior to May 1, 2009. (a) General actuarial valuations. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section... mortality component that is described in paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Actuarial factors for...

  5. 26 CFR 1.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) General Actuarial Valuations § 1.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust... actuarial valuations. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and in § 1.7520-3 (relating to... paragraph (b)(2) of this section. Actuarial factors for determining these present values are included...

  6. 26 CFR 1.981-1 - Foreign law community income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1966, and before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... residence. The principles of paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(7) of § 1.911-1 (26 CFR 1.911-1 (1978)) shall apply... of a foreign country. For example, a wife who operates a beauty parlor without any appreciable... attributable to the operation of the beauty parlor are considered the income and deductions of the wife....

  7. 26 CFR 1.981-1 - Foreign law community income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1966, and before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... residence. The principles of paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(7) of § 1.911-1 (26 CFR 1.911-1 (1978)) shall apply... of a foreign country. For example, a wife who operates a beauty parlor without any appreciable... attributable to the operation of the beauty parlor are considered the income and deductions of the wife....

  8. 26 CFR 1.981-1 - Foreign law community income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1966, and before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... residence. The principles of paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(7) of § 1.911-1 (26 CFR 1.911-1 (1978)) shall apply... of a foreign country. For example, a wife who operates a beauty parlor without any appreciable... attributable to the operation of the beauty parlor are considered the income and deductions of the wife....

  9. 26 CFR 1.981-1 - Foreign law community income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1966, and before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... residence. The principles of paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(7) of § 1.911-1 (26 CFR 1.911-1 (1978)) shall apply... proprietor of a retail merchandising company and such company has a $10,000 profit during 1967. W...

  10. 26 CFR 1.981-1 - Foreign law community income for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1966, and before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... residence. The principles of paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(7) of § 1.911-1 (26 CFR 1.911-1 (1978)) shall apply... proprietor of a retail merchandising company and such company has a $10,000 profit during 1967. W...

  11. Less is still more: maintenance of the very brief exposure effect 1 year later.

    PubMed

    Siegel, Paul; Warren, Richard

    2013-04-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that an immediate effect of exposure to masked phobic stimuli on avoidance of the corresponding feared object would be maintained 1 year later. Fifty-three spider-phobic participants were identified with a questionnaire and a Behavioral Avoidance Test (BAT) with a live tarantula. One week later, they were administered 1 of 3 types of exposure: very brief (25-ms, masked) or clearly visible (125-ms, unmasked) images of spiders, or very brief images of flowers. They engaged in the BAT again immediately thereafter. One year later, they returned for a follow-up BAT. The immediate effect of exposure to very brief spiders on reducing avoidance of the tarantula was still evident 1 year later. Endurance of an effect by masked stimuli of this duration has not been reported before. Potential theoretical implications are discussed. PMID:23527506

  12. Glomerular filtration rate in patients with atrial fibrillation and 1-year outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Boriani, Giuseppe; Laroche, Cécile; Diemberger, Igor; Popescu, Mircea Ioachim; Rasmussen, Lars Hvilsted; Petrescu, Lucian; Crijns, Harry J. G. M.; Tavazzi, Luigi; Maggioni, Aldo P.; Lip, Gregory Y. H.

    2016-01-01

    We assessed 1-year outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation enrolled in the EurObservational Research Programme AF General Pilot Registry (EORP-AF), in relation to kidney function, as assessed by glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). In a cohort of 2398 patients (median age 69 years; 61% male), eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m2) calculated using the CKD-EPI formula was ≥80 in 35.1%, 50–79 in 47.2%, 30–49 in 13.9% and <30 in 3.7% of patients. In a logistic regression analysis, eGFR category was an independent predictor of stroke/TIA or death, with elevated odds ratios associated with severe to mild renal impairment, ie. eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2 [OR 3.641, 95% CI 1.572–8.433, p < 0.0001], 30–49 ml/min/1.73 m2 [OR 3.303, 95% CI 1.740–6.270, p = 0.0026] or 50–79 ml/min/1.73 m2 [OR 2.094, 95% CI 1.194–3.672, p = 0.0003]. The discriminant capability for the risk of death was tested among various eGFR calculation algorithms: the best was the Cockcroft-Gault equation adjusted for BSA, followed by Cockcroft-Gault equation, and CKD-EPI equation, while the worst was the MDRD equation. In conclusion in this prospective observational registry, renal function was a major determinant of adverse outcomes at 1 year, and even mild or moderate renal impairments were associated with an increased risk of stroke/TIA/death. PMID:27466080

  13. Glomerular filtration rate in patients with atrial fibrillation and 1-year outcomes.

    PubMed

    Boriani, Giuseppe; Laroche, Cécile; Diemberger, Igor; Popescu, Mircea Ioachim; Rasmussen, Lars Hvilsted; Petrescu, Lucian; Crijns, Harry J G M; Tavazzi, Luigi; Maggioni, Aldo P; Lip, Gregory Y H

    2016-01-01

    We assessed 1-year outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation enrolled in the EurObservational Research Programme AF General Pilot Registry (EORP-AF), in relation to kidney function, as assessed by glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). In a cohort of 2398 patients (median age 69 years; 61% male), eGFR (ml/min/1.73 m(2)) calculated using the CKD-EPI formula was ≥80 in 35.1%, 50-79 in 47.2%, 30-49 in 13.9% and <30 in 3.7% of patients. In a logistic regression analysis, eGFR category was an independent predictor of stroke/TIA or death, with elevated odds ratios associated with severe to mild renal impairment, ie. eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2) [OR 3.641, 95% CI 1.572-8.433, p < 0.0001], 30-49 ml/min/1.73 m(2) [OR 3.303, 95% CI 1.740-6.270, p = 0.0026] or 50-79 ml/min/1.73 m2 [OR 2.094, 95% CI 1.194-3.672, p = 0.0003]. The discriminant capability for the risk of death was tested among various eGFR calculation algorithms: the best was the Cockcroft-Gault equation adjusted for BSA, followed by Cockcroft-Gault equation, and CKD-EPI equation, while the worst was the MDRD equation. In conclusion in this prospective observational registry, renal function was a major determinant of adverse outcomes at 1 year, and even mild or moderate renal impairments were associated with an increased risk of stroke/TIA/death. PMID:27466080

  14. More Than 20 Years of Registration of Type 1 Diabetes in Sardinian Children

    PubMed Central

    Bruno, Graziella; Maule, Milena; Biggeri, Annibale; Ledda, Alessia; Mannu, Carla; Merletti, Franco; Songini, Marco

    2013-01-01

    We analyzed Sardinian registry data to assess time trends in incidence rates (IRs) of type 1 diabetes during the period 1989–2009 (2,371 case subjects 0–14 years of age). Poisson regression models were used to estimate the effects of sex, age, period of diagnosis, and birth cohorts. IR was 44.8 cases/100,000 person-years (95% CI 43.1–46.7). The annual increase was 2.12% (1.45–2.80; test for linear trend, P < 0.001). For boys, the increasing trend was evident up to 5 years of age and for girls up to 8 years of age. Compared with the 1989–1994 birth cohort, the relative risk increased from 0.78 (0.61–1.10) in 1974–1979 to 1.62 (1.18–2.23) in 2004–2009. The increase over period was less striking, with a tendency to regress in more recent years. The best-fitting model for boys included age and a linear time trend, and for girls age and nonlinear effects of calendar period and birth cohort. In conclusion, incidence increased over time, and the increase tended to level off in more recent years by calendar period but not by birth cohort, with some evidence of a stronger increase among girls than boys. Should the increase be attributable to the effects of some perinatal environmental factor, this would mean that such a factor has started affecting females before males. PMID:23835336

  15. Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty with 1-year follow-up: factors predictive of success

    PubMed Central

    Lopez-Nava, G.; Galvao, M.; Bautista-Castaño, I.; Fernandez-Corbelle, J. P.; Trell, M.

    2016-01-01

    Background and study aims: Bariatric endoscopy has emerged as an aid in the nonsurgical treatment of obesity. The objective of this study is to critically provide the results and follow-up of endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty 1 year after the procedure. Patients and methods: Prospective single-center follow-up study of 25 patients (5 men, 20 women) who underwent flexible endoscopic suturing for endoluminal gastric volume reduction. A multidisciplinary team provided post-procedure care. Patient outcomes were recorded at 1 year after the procedure. Linear regression analysis was done to evaluate the variables associated with best results at 1 year of follow-up. Results: Mean body mass index (BMI) was 38.5 ± 4.6 kg/m2 (range 30 – 47) and mean age 44.5 ± 8.2 years (range 29 – 60). At 1 year, 22 patients continued with the follow-up (2 dropped out at 6 months and 1 at 3 months). There were no major intra-procedural, early, or delayed adverse events. Mean BMI loss was 7.3 ± 4.2 kg/m2, and mean percentage of total body weight loss was 18.7 ± 10.7 at 1 year. In the linear regression analysis, adjusted by initial BMI, variables associated with %TBWL involved the frequency of nutritional (β = 0.563, P = 0.014) and psychological contacts (β = 0.727, P = 0.025). The number of nutritional and psychological contacts were predictive of good weight loss results. Conclusions: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty is a feasible, reproducible, and effective procedure to treat obesity. Nutritional and psychological interaction are predictive of success. PMID:26878054

  16. Subclinical Rejection Phenotypes at 1 Year Post-Transplant and Outcome of Kidney Allografts.

    PubMed

    Loupy, Alexandre; Vernerey, Dewi; Tinel, Claire; Aubert, Olivier; Duong van Huyen, Jean-Paul; Rabant, Marion; Verine, Jérôme; Nochy, Dominique; Empana, Jean-Philippe; Martinez, Frank; Glotz, Denis; Jouven, Xavier; Legendre, Christophe; Lefaucheur, Carmen

    2015-07-01

    Kidney allograft rejection can occur in clinically stable patients, but long-term significance is unknown. We determined whether early recognition of subclinical rejection has long-term consequences for kidney allograft survival in an observational prospective cohort study of 1307 consecutive nonselected patients who underwent ABO-compatible, complement-dependent cytotoxicity-negative crossmatch kidney transplantation in Paris (2000-2010). Participants underwent prospective screening biopsies at 1 year post-transplant, with concurrent evaluations of graft complement deposition and circulating anti-HLA antibodies. The main analysis included 1001 patients. Three distinct groups of patients were identified at the 1-year screening: 727 (73%) patients without rejection, 132 (13%) patients with subclinical T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR), and 142 (14%) patients with subclinical antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR). Patients with subclinical ABMR had the poorest graft survival at 8 years post-transplant (56%) compared with subclinical TCMR (88%) and nonrejection (90%) groups (P<0.001). In a multivariate Cox model, subclinical ABMR at 1 year was independently associated with a 3.5-fold increase in graft loss (95% confidence interval, 2.1 to 5.7) along with eGFR and proteinuria (P<0.001). Subclinical ABMR was associated with more rapid progression to transplant glomerulopathy. Of patients with subclinical TCMR at 1 year, only those who further developed de novo donor-specific antibodies and transplant glomerulopathy showed higher risk of graft loss compared with patients without rejection. Our findings suggest that subclinical TCMR and subclinical ABMR have distinct effects on long-term graft loss. Subclinical ABMR detected at the 1-year screening biopsy carries a prognostic value independent of initial donor-specific antibody status, previous immunologic events, current eGFR, and proteinuria. PMID:25556173

  17. A Simple Tool to Predict ESRD Within 1 Year in Elderly Patients with Advanced CKD

    PubMed Central

    Drawz, Paul E.; Goswami, Puja; Azem, Reem; Babineau, Denise C.; Rahman, Mahboob

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in older patients; currently, no tools are available to predict the risk of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) within 1 year. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a model to predict the 1 year risk for ESRD in elderly subjects with advanced CKD. DESIGN Retrospective study SETTING Veterans Affairs Medical Center PARTICIPANTS Patients over 65 years of age with CKD with an estimated (eGFR) less than 30mL/min/1.73m2. MEASUREMENTS The outcome was ESRD within 1 year of the index eGFR. Cox regression was used to develop a predictive model (VA risk score) which was validated in a separate cohort. RESULTS Of the 1,866 patients in the developmental cohort, 77 developed ESRD. Risk factors for ESRD in the final model were age, congestive heart failure, systolic blood pressure, eGFR, potassium, and albumin. In the validation cohort, the C index for the VA risk score was 0.823. The risk for developing ESRD at 1 year from lowest to highest tertile was 0.08%, 2.7%, and 11.3% (P<0.001). The C-index for the recently published Tangri model in the validation cohort was 0.780. CONCLUSION A new model using commonly available clinical measures shows excellent ability to predict the onset of ESRD within the next year in elderly subjects. Additionally, the Tangri model had very good predictive ability. Patients and physicians can use these risk models to inform decisions regarding preparation for renal replacement therapy in patients with advanced CKD. PMID:23617782

  18. Screening for developmental delay among children aged 1-4 years: a systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Warren, Rachel; Kenny, Meghan; Bennett, Teresa; Fitzpatrick-Lewis, Donna; Ali, Muhammad Usman; Sherifali, Diana; Raina, Parminder

    2016-01-01

    Background: Existing guidelines on screening children less than 5 years of age for developmental delay vary. In this systematic review, we synthesized the literature on the effectiveness and harms of screening for developmental delay in asymptomatic children aged 1-4 years. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and PsychINFO for relevant articles published to June 16, 2015. We identified studies that included children aged 1-4 years who were not at high risk of developmental delay, screened in a primary care setting. Randomized trials and controlled cohort studies were considered for benefits (cognitive, academic and functional outcomes); no restrictions on study design were imposed for the review of harms. Results: Two studies were included. One used the Ages and Stages Questionnaire II for screening and reported significantly more referrals to early intervention in the intervention groups than in the control group (relative risk [RR] 1.95, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.49-2.54, in the intervention group with office support and RR 1.71, 95% CI 1.30-2.25, in the intervention group without office support). The time to referral was 70% shorter in the intervention group with office support (rate ratio 0.30, 95% CI 0.19-0.48) and 64% shorter in the intervention group without office support (rate ratio 0.36, 95% CI 0.23-0.59), compared with the control group. The other study used the VroegTijdige Onderkenning Ontwikkelingsstoornissen Language Screening instrument to screen children aged 15 months at enrolment for language delay. It reported no differences between groups in academic performance outcomes at age 8 years. Interpretation: The evidence on screening for developmental delay in asymptomatic children aged 1-4 years is inconclusive. Further research with longer-term outcomes is needed to inform decisions about screening and screening intervals. PMID:27226967

  19. Evolving patterns of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance in Poland in the years 2000-2008.

    PubMed

    Stańczak, Grzegorz P; Stańczak, Janusz J; Marczyńska, Magdalena; Firlag-Burkacka, Ewa; Wiercińska-Drapało, Alicja; Leszczyszyn-Pynka, Magdalena; Jabłonowska, Elzbieta; Małolepsza, Ewa; Dyda, Tomasz; Zabek, Piotr; Horban, Andrzej

    2010-07-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the rate of transmission of drug resistant human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) variants among therapy-naïve HIV positive patients in Poland in the year 2008, to compare the data with the results from the years 2000 to 2007 and to monitor patterns of HIV-1 subtypes present in Polish population and their evolution. Complete protease and part of reverse transcriptase regions were sequenced from the sera of patients directed to the laboratory for drug resistance testing. The Stanford's HIVdb program was used for the interpretation of results and subtyping. The variants scoring at least "intermediate resistance" for at least one drug were considered as resistant. The results obtained were compared to those obtained in the years 2000-2007. A total of 95 patients were enrolled in the 2008 study. Homosexual transmission of infection was documented in more than 55% of all cases. The overall prevalence of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) was 5.3% (3.9% in 2007, 5.8% in 2006, and 14.1% in the years 2002-2005). The study from the years 2000 to 2001 revealed 28.7% prevalence. Preliminary analysis of the first half of 2009 shows the ratio of 7.8%. In four (4.2%) cases drug resistance was associated with protease inhibitors class, in one case (1.1%) with resistance to non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors class. In four cases (4.2%) non-B subtype was identified (C, G, CRF01_AE, CRF02_AG). An increase of percentage of drug resistant mutants-from 3.9% (2007) to 5.3% (2008)-was recognized. In this study, TDR was limited to single classes of antiretroviral drugs. HIV-1 subtype B prevails in Poland. PMID:20513098

  20. Spiritual absence and 1-year mortality after hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Deidre B; Christian, Lisa M; Patidar, Seema; Bishop, Michelle M; Dodd, Stacy M; Athanason, Rebecca; Wingard, John R; Reddy, Vijay S

    2010-08-01

    Religiosity and spirituality have been associated with better survival in large epidemiologic studies. This study examined the relationship between spiritual absence and 1-year all-cause mortality in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. Depression and problematic compliance were examined as possible mediators of a significant spiritual absence-mortality relationship. Eighty-five adults (mean = 46.85 years old, SD = 11.90 years) undergoing evaluation for allogeneic HSCT had routine psychologie evaluation prior to HSCT admission. The Millon Behavioral Medicine Diagnostic was used to assess spiritual absence, depression, and problematic compliance, the psychosocial predictors of interest. Patient status at 1 year and survival time in days were abstracted from medical records. Cox regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the psychosocial factors of interest and mortality after adjusting for relevant biobehavioral factors. Twenty-nine percent (n = 25) of participants died within 1 year of HSCT. After covarying for disease type, individuals with the highest spiritual absence and problematic compliance scores were significantly more likely to die 1-year post-HSCT (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.49, P = .043 and HR = 3.74, P = .029, respectively), particularly secondary to infection, sepsis, or graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (HR = 4.56, P = .01 and HR = 5.61, P = .014), relative to those without elevations on these scales. Depression was not associated with 1-year mortality, and problematic compliance did not mediate the relationship between spiritual absence and mortality. These preliminary results suggest that both spiritual absence and problematic compliance may be associated with poorer survival following HSCT. Future research should examine these relations in a larger sample using a more comprehensive assessment of spirituality. PMID:20227510

  1. 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about third-party communicative actions.

    PubMed

    Thorgrimsson, Gudmundur B; Fawcett, Christine; Liszkowski, Ulf

    2015-05-01

    Infants expect people to direct actions toward objects, and they respond to actions directed to themselves, but do they have expectations about actions directed to third parties? In two experiments, we used eye tracking to investigate 1- and 2-year-olds' expectations about communicative actions addressed to a third party. Experiment 1 presented infants with videos where an adult (the Emitter) either uttered a sentence or produced non-speech sounds. The Emitter was either face-to-face with another adult (the Recipient) or the two were back-to-back. The Recipient did not respond to any of the sounds. We found that 2-, but not 1-year-olds looked quicker and longer at the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected her to respond to speech. These effects were specific to the face-to-face context. Experiment 2 presented 1-year-olds with similar face-to-face exchanges but modified to engage infants and minimize task demands. The infants looked quicker to the Recipient following speech than non-speech, suggesting that they expected a response to speech. The study suggests that by 1 year of age infants expect communicative actions to be directed at a third-party listener. PMID:25766104

  2. Determinants of telomere attrition over 1 year in healthy older women: stress and health behaviors matter.

    PubMed

    Puterman, E; Lin, J; Krauss, J; Blackburn, E H; Epel, E S

    2015-04-01

    Telomere length, a reliable predictor of disease pathogenesis, can be affected by genetics, chronic stress and health behaviors. Cross-sectionally, highly stressed postmenopausal women have shorter telomeres, but only if they are inactive. However, no studies have prospectively examined telomere length change over a short period, and if rate of attrition is affected by naturalistic factors such as stress and engagement in healthy behaviors, including diet, exercise, and sleep. Here we followed healthy women over 1 year to test if major stressors that occurred over the year predicted telomere shortening, and whether engaging in healthy behaviors during this period mitigates this effect. In 239 postmenopausal, non-smoking, disease-free women, accumulation of major life stressors across a 1-year period predicted telomere attrition over the same period-for every major life stressor that occurred during the year, there was a significantly greater decline in telomere length over the year of 35 bp (P<0.05). Yet, these effects were moderated by health behaviors (interaction B=0.19, P=0.04). Women who maintained relatively higher levels of health behaviors (1 s.d. above the mean) appeared to be protected when exposed to stress. This finding has implications for understanding malleability of telomere length, as well as expectations for possible intervention effects. This is the first study to identify predictors of telomere length change over the short period of a year. PMID:25070535

  3. West Hackberry Strategic Petroleum Reserve site brine-disposal monitoring, year 1 report. Volume 1. Executive summary. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    DeRouen, L.R.; Hann, R.W.; Casserly, D.M.; Giammona, C.; Lascara, V.J.

    1983-02-01

    The physical, chemical and biological attributes are described for: (1) a coastal marine environment centered about a Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) brine disposal site located 11.4 km off the southwest coast of Louisiana; and (2) the lower Calcasieu and Sabine estuarine systems that provide leach waters for the SPR project. During the study period, the daily discharge averaged 529,000 barrels of 216 0/00 brine, representing a loading of 18,000 metric tons of salt per day. The objective of this study are: (1) characterize the environment in terms of physical, chemical and biological attributes; (2) determine if significant adverse changes in ecosystem productivity and stability of the biological community are occurring as a result of brine discharge; and (3) determine the magnitude of any change observed. This report describes the methodology and significant results of the first year's monitoring effort of the West Hackberry brine disposal site. The investigative tasks, presented as separate sections, are: Physical Oceanography, Estuarine Hydrology and Hydrography, Analysis of Discharge Plume, Water and Sediment Quality, Special Pollutant Surveys, Benthos, Nekton, Phytoplankton, Zooplankton and Data Management.

  4. 26 CFR 1.6074-2 - Time for filing declarations by corporations in case of a short taxable year.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... case of a short taxable year. 1.6074-2 Section 1.6074-2 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Documents § 1.6074-2 Time for filing declarations by corporations in case of a short taxable year. (a) Taxable years beginning on or before December 31, 1963—(1) In general. In the case of a short taxable...

  5. Fifteen-Year Radiotherapy Outcomes of the Randomized PORTEC-1 Trial for Endometrial Carcinoma

    SciTech Connect

    Creutzberg, Carien L.; Nout, Remi A.; Lybeert, Marnix L.M.; Warlam-Rodenhuis, Carla C.; Jobsen, Jan J.; Mens, Jan-Willem M.; Lutgens, Ludy C.H.W.; Pras, Elisabeth; Poll-Franse, Lonneke V. van de; Putten, Wim L.J. van

    2011-11-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the very long-term results of the randomized Post Operative Radiation Therapy in Endometrial Carcinoma (PORTEC)-1 trial for patients with Stage I endometrial carcinoma (EC), focusing on the role of prognostic factors for treatment selection and the long-term risk of second cancers. Patients and Methods: The PORTEC trial (1990-1997) included 714 patients with Stage IC Grade 1-2 or Stage IB Grade 2-3 EC. After surgery, patients were randomly allocated to external-beam pelvic radiotherapy (EBRT) or no additional treatment (NAT). Analysis was by intention to treat. Results: 426 patients were alive at the date of analysis. The median follow-up time was 13.3 years. The 15-year actuarial locoregional recurrence (LRR) rates were 6% for EBRT vs. 15.5% for NAT (p < 0.0001). The 15-year overall survival was 52% vs. 60% (p = 0.14), and the failure-free survival was 50% vs. 54% (p = 0.94). For patients with high-intermediate risk criteria, the 15-year overall survival was 41% vs. 48% (p = 0.51), and the 15-year EC-related death was 14% vs. 13%. Most LRR in the NAT group were vaginal recurrences (11.0% of 15.5%). The 15-year rates of distant metastases were 9% vs. 7% (p = 0.25). Second primary cancers had been diagnosed over 15 years in 19% of all patients, 22% vs. 16% for EBRT vs. NAT (p = 0.10), with observed vs. expected ratios of 1.6 (EBRT) and 1.2 (NAT) compared with a matched population (p = NS). Multivariate analysis confirmed the prognostic significance of Grade 3 for LRR (hazard ratio [HR] 3.4, p = 0.0003) and for EC death (HR 7.3, p < 0.0001), of age >60 (HR 3.9, p = 0.002 for LRR and 2.7, p = 0.01 for EC death) and myometrial invasion >50% (HR 1.9, p = 0.03 and HR 1.9, p = 0.02). Conclusions: The 15-year outcomes of PORTEC-1 confirm the relevance of HIR criteria for treatment selection, and a trend for long-term risk of second cancers. EBRT should be avoided in patients with low- and intermediate-risk EC.

  6. Results with SynCardia total artificial heart beyond 1 year.

    PubMed

    Torregrossa, Gianluca; Morshuis, Michiel; Varghese, Robin; Hosseinian, Leila; Vida, Vladimiro; Tarzia, Vincenzo; Loforte, Antonio; Duveau, Daniel; Arabia, Francisco; Leprince, Pascal; Kasirajan, Vigneshwa; Beyersdorf, Friedhelm; Musumeci, Francesco; Hetzer, Roland; Krabatsch, Thoamas; Gummert, Jan; Copeland, Jack; Gerosa, Gino

    2014-01-01

    Mechanical circulatory support devices have been increasingly used for long-term support. We reviewed outcomes in all patients supported with a SynCardia total artificial heart (TAH) for more than 1 year to assess its safety in long-term support. As of December 2011, all 47 patients who received the TAH from 10 centers worldwide were included in this retrospective study. Clinical data were collected on survival, infections, thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events, device failures, and antithrombotic therapy. The mean age of patients was 50 ± 1.57 years, the median support time was 554 days (range 365-1373 days). The primary diagnosis was dilated cardiomiopathy in 23 patients, ischemic in 15, and "other" in 9. After a minimum of 1 year of support, 34 patients (72%) were successfully transplanted, 12 patients (24%) died while on device support, and 1 patient (2%) is still supported. Five patients (10%) had a device failure reported. Major complications were as follows: systemic infections in 25 patients (53%), driveline infections in 13 patients (27%), thromboembolic events in 9 patients (19%), and hemorrhagic events in 7 patients (14%). SynCardia TAH has proven to be a reliable and effective device in replacing the entire heart. In patients who reached a minimum of 1 year of support, device failure rate is acceptable and only in two cases was the leading cause of death. Infections and hemorrhagic events were the major causes of death. Patients who remain supported beyond 1 year are still likely to survive to transplantation. PMID:25158888

  7. Increased 1-year survival and discharge to independent living in overweight hip fracture patients.

    PubMed

    Flodin, Lena; Laurin, Agnes; Lökk, Johan; Cederholm, Tommy; Hedström, Margareta

    2016-04-01

    Background and purpose - Hip fracture patients usually have low body mass index (BMI), and suffer further postoperative catabolism. How BMI relates to outcome in relatively healthy hip fracture patients is not well investigated. We investigated the association between BMI, survival, and independent living 1 year postoperatively. Patients and methods - This prospective multicenter study involved 843 patients with a hip fracture (mean age 82 (SD 7) years, 73% women), without severe cognitive impairment and living independently before admission. We investigated the relationship between BMI and both 1-year mortality and ability to return to independent living. Results - Patients with BMI > 26 had a lower mortality rate than those with BMI < 22 and those with BMI 22-26 (6%, 16%, and 18% respectively; p = 0.006). The odds ratio (OR) for 1-year survival in the group with BMI > 26 was 2.6 (95% CI: 1.2-5.5) after adjustment for age, sex, and physical status. Patients with BMI > 26 were also more likely to return to independent living after the hip fracture (OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.4-5.0). Patients with BMI < 22 had similar mortality and a similar likelihood of independent living to those with BMI 22-26. Interpretation - In this selected group of patients with hip fracture, the overweight and obese patients (BMI > 26) had a higher survival rate at 1 year, and returned to independent living to a higher degree than those of normal (healthy) weight. The obesity paradox and the recommendations for optimal BMI need further consideration in patients with hip fracture. PMID:26986549

  8. Increased 1-year survival and discharge to independent living in overweight hip fracture patients

    PubMed Central

    Flodin, Lena; Laurin, Agnes; Lökk, Johan; Cederholm, Tommy; Hedström, Margareta

    2016-01-01

    Background and purpose — Hip fracture patients usually have low body mass index (BMI), and suffer further postoperative catabolism. How BMI relates to outcome in relatively healthy hip fracture patients is not well investigated. We investigated the association between BMI, survival, and independent living 1 year postoperatively. Patients and methods — This prospective multicenter study involved 843 patients with a hip fracture (mean age 82 (SD 7) years, 73% women), without severe cognitive impairment and living independently before admission. We investigated the relationship between BMI and both 1-year mortality and ability to return to independent living. Results — Patients with BMI > 26 had a lower mortality rate than those with BMI < 22 and those with BMI 22–26 (6%, 16%, and 18% respectively; p = 0.006). The odds ratio (OR) for 1-year survival in the group with BMI > 26 was 2.6 (95% CI: 1.2–5.5) after adjustment for age, sex, and physical status. Patients with BMI > 26 were also more likely to return to independent living after the hip fracture (OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.4–5.0). Patients with BMI < 22 had similar mortality and a similar likelihood of independent living to those with BMI 22–26. Interpretation — In this selected group of patients with hip fracture, the overweight and obese patients (BMI > 26) had a higher survival rate at 1 year, and returned to independent living to a higher degree than those of normal (healthy) weight. The obesity paradox and the recommendations for optimal BMI need further consideration in patients with hip fracture. PMID:26986549

  9. Extending the diabetic retinopathy screening interval beyond 1year: systematic review.

    PubMed

    Taylor-Phillips, Sian; Mistry, Hema; Leslie, Rachael; Todkill, Dan; Tsertsvadze, Alexander; Connock, Martin; Clarke, Aileen

    2016-01-01

    To determine whether the recommended screening interval for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the UK can safely be extended beyond 1year. Systematic review of clinical and cost-effectiveness studies. Nine databases were searched with no date restrictions. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, prognostic or economic modelling studies which described the incidence and progression of DR in populations with type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus of either sex and of any age reporting incidence and progression of DR in relation to screening interval (vs annual screening interval) and/or prognostic factors were included. Narrative synthesis was undertaken. 14,013 papers were identified, of which 11 observational studies, 5 risk stratification modelling studies and 9 economic studies were included. Data were available for 262,541 patients of whom at least 228,649 (87%) had type 2 diabetes. There were no RCTs. Studies concluded that there is little difference between clinical outcomes from screening 1 yearly or 2 yearly in low-risk patients. However there was high loss to follow-up (13-31%), heterogeneity in definitions of low risk and variation in screening and grading protocols for prior retinopathy results. Observational and economic modelling studies in low-risk patients show little difference in clinical outcomes between 1-year and 2-year screening intervals. The lack of experimental research designs and heterogeneity in definition of low risk considerably limits the reliability and validity of this conclusion. Cost-effectiveness findings were mixed. There is insufficient evidence to recommend a move to extend the screening interval beyond 1year. PMID:25586713

  10. Extending the diabetic retinopathy screening interval beyond 1year: systematic review

    PubMed Central

    Taylor-Phillips, Sian; Mistry, Hema; Leslie, Rachael; Todkill, Dan; Tsertsvadze, Alexander; Connock, Martin; Clarke, Aileen

    2016-01-01

    To determine whether the recommended screening interval for diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the UK can safely be extended beyond 1year. Systematic review of clinical and cost-effectiveness studies. Nine databases were searched with no date restrictions. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, prognostic or economic modelling studies which described the incidence and progression of DR in populations with type 1 diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus of either sex and of any age reporting incidence and progression of DR in relation to screening interval (vs annual screening interval) and/or prognostic factors were included. Narrative synthesis was undertaken. 14 013 papers were identified, of which 11 observational studies, 5 risk stratification modelling studies and 9 economic studies were included. Data were available for 262 541 patients of whom at least 228 649 (87%) had type 2 diabetes. There were no RCTs. Studies concluded that there is little difference between clinical outcomes from screening 1 yearly or 2 yearly in low-risk patients. However there was high loss to follow-up (13–31%), heterogeneity in definitions of low risk and variation in screening and grading protocols for prior retinopathy results. Observational and economic modelling studies in low-risk patients show little difference in clinical outcomes between 1-year and 2-year screening intervals. The lack of experimental research designs and heterogeneity in definition of low risk considerably limits the reliability and validity of this conclusion. Cost-effectiveness findings were mixed. There is insufficient evidence to recommend a move to extend the screening interval beyond 1year. PMID:25586713

  11. RCRA and operational monitoring 1994 fiscal year work plan, WBS 1.5.3

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-12-01

    RCRA & Operational Monitoring (ROM) Program Office manages the direct funded Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA) and Operational Monitoring under Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 1.5.3. The ROM Program Office is a Branch of liquid Waste Disposal, a part of Restoration and Remediation of Westinghouse Hanford Company (WHC). The Fiscal Year Work Plan (FYWP) takes it direction from the Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP). The FYWP provides the near term, enhanced details for the Program Office to use as baseline Cost, Scope and Schedule. Changs Control administered during the fiscal year is against the baseline provided by the FYWP.

  12. 10 years of 1:1 taping in Belgium - A selection of murder cases involving fibre examination.

    PubMed

    De Wael, K; Lepot, L; Lunstroot, K; Gason, F

    2016-01-01

    Since 2002, the 1:1 tape lifting technique on murder victims has been introduced in Belgium. Thirty-six murder cases for which a fibre examination was carried out in our laboratory between 2002 and 2012 are reviewed. These cases all involved the collection of microtraces on 39 victims using a 1:1 taping or similar technique, called semi 1:1 taping. The degree of "positive outcomes" for investigative and comparative fibre cases is high. Especially in cases where the modus operandi of suspects had to be verified, the examination of the 1:1 tape lifting led to very useful fibre results. The findings from some of these fibre cases are used to illustrate the advantages, drawbacks and points of interest of the two collection techniques. These are also compared with the zonal taping technique, another microtrace collection technique applied on victims at the crime scene. PMID:26746822

  13. Extraterrestrial demise of banded iron formations 1.85 billion years ago

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Slack, J.F.; Cannon, W.F.

    2009-01-01

    In the Lake Superior region of North America, deposition of most banded iron formations (BIFs) ended abruptly 1.85 Ga ago, coincident with the oceanic impact of the giant Sudbury extraterrestrial bolide. We propose a new model in which this impact produced global mixing of shallow oxic and deep anoxic waters of the Paleoproterozoic ocean, creating a suboxic redox state for deep seawater. This suboxic state, characterized by only small concentrations of dissolved O2 (???1 ??M), prevented transport of hydrothermally derived Fe(II) from the deep ocean to continental-margin settings, ending an ???1.1 billion-year-long period of episodic BIF mineralization. The model is supported by the nature of Precambrian deep-water exhalative chemical sediments, which changed from predominantly sulfide facies prior to ca. 1.85 Ga to mainly oxide facies thereafter. ?? 2009 Geological Society of America.

  14. Observational Study of 1-Year Mortality Rates Before and After a Major Earthquake Among Chinese Nonagenarians

    PubMed Central

    Dong, Birong; Wu, Hongmei; Zhang, Yanling; Guralnik, Jack M.; Malmstrom, Theodore K.; Morley, John E.

    2011-01-01

    Background. Little is known about mortality among nonagenarians after an earthquake. Methods. Using secondary data analyses from the 2005 study called the Project of Longevity and Aging in Dujiangyan(n = 870), 1-year mortality rates were compared among a pre-earthquake group and a post-earthquake group of nonagenarians. All participants were from Dujiangyan, 50 km from the epicenter of the May 12, 2008 earthquake, in China. The pre-earthquake group was a subset of the 870 Project of Longevity and Aging in Dujiangyan participants, ages 93–95 years at the beginning of “Time Frame 1” (July 2005 through June 2006; n = 228). The post-earthquake group was a different subset of the 870 Project of Longevity and Aging in Dujiangyan participants, ages 93–95 years and alive at the beginning of Time Frame 2 (July 2008 through June 2009; n = 235). Time Frame 2 excluded a 7-week period following the earthquake in order to account for deaths due to trauma. Pre-earthquake health assessment data from the 2005 Project of Longevity and Aging in Dujiangyan study were used to calculate unadjusted/adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality. Results. One-year mortality rates were 8.3% (19/228) and 16.2% (38/235) in the pre-earthquake group and the post-earthquake group, respectively (p =.01). In unadjusted analyses, only “being in the post-earthquake group” was associated with death (HR = 2.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.17–3.53; p = .011). In the multivariable Cox regression model, being in the post-earthquake group continued to be the strongest risk factor associated with mortality (HR = 2.47; 95% CI, 1.39–4.40; p = .002). Other significant risk factors included impaired cognition (HR = 1.97; 95% CI, 1.10–3.53; p = .024), serum albumin (HR = 0.90; 95% CI, 0.82–0.98; p < .015), and serum triglycerides (HR = 1.51; 95% CI, 1.15–1.99; p = .003). Conclusion. The May 12, 2008 earthquake in Wenchuan, China, was associated with a twofold increase in the 1-year

  15. Theory of mind skills 1 year after traumatic brain injury in 6- to 8-year-old children.

    PubMed

    Walz, Nicolay Chertkoff; Yeates, Keith Owen; Taylor, H Gerry; Stancin, Terry; Wade, Shari L

    2010-09-01

    This study examined the longer-term effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on theory of mind (ToM) skills of children who were between the ages of 5 and 7 years at the time of injury. Fifty-two children with orthopaedic injury, 30 children with moderate TBI, and 12 children with severe TBI were evaluated approximately 1 year post-injury (mean age=6.98 years, SD=0.59, range=6.02-8.26). Children with severe TBI did not engage in representation of first- and second-order mental states at a developmental level comparable to their peers, suggesting stagnation or lack of development, as well as regression of putatively existing ToM skills. Age, task-specific cognitive demands, and verbal abilities were strong predictors of ToM performance. However, even after taking those factors into account, children with severe TBI had poorer ToM performance than children with orthopaedic injuries. PMID:20307379

  16. 1-year retention rates and performance ratings: comparing associate degree, baccalaureate, and accelerated baccalaureate degree nurses.

    PubMed

    Weathers, Suzanne M; Raleigh, Edith D Hunt

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine 1-year retention and managerial performance ratings of newly licensed RNs (NLRNs) according to nursing education program types (associate degree, traditional baccalaureate, and accelerated 2nd degree baccalaureate). Findings revealed retention and performance differences, suggesting the possibility of tradeoffs related to educational program type when selecting NLRNs for open positions. PMID:23958525

  17. Randomized Trial of a Gatekeeper Program for Suicide Prevention: 1-Year Impact on Secondary School Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyman, Peter A.; Brown, C. Hendricks; Inman, Jeff; Cross, Wendi; Schmeelk-Cone, Karen; Guo, Jing; Pena, Juan B.

    2008-01-01

    Gatekeeper-training programs, designed to increase identification and referral of suicidal individuals, are widespread but largely untested. A group-based randomized trial with 32 schools examined impact of Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) training on a stratified random sample of 249 staff with 1-year average follow-up. To test QPR impact, the…

  18. Thirty Years of Prospective Nationwide Incidence of Childhood Type 1 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Berhan, Yonas; Waernbaum, Ingeborg; Lind, Torbjörn; Möllsten, Anna; Dahlquist, Gisela

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE During the past few decades, a rapidly increasing incidence of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) has been reported from many parts of the world. The change over time has been partly explained by changes in lifestyle causing rapid early growth and weight development. The current study models and analyzes the time trend by age, sex, and birth cohort in an exceptionally large study group. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The present analysis involved 14,721 incident cases of T1D with an onset of 0–14.9 years that were recorded in the nationwide Swedish Childhood Diabetes Registry from 1978 to 2007. Data were analyzed using generalized additive models. RESULTS Age- and sex-specific incidence rates varied from 21.6 (95% CI 19.4–23.9) during 1978–1980 to 43.9 (95% CI 40.7–47.3) during 2005–2007. Cumulative incidence by birth cohort shifted to a younger age at onset during the first 22 years, but from the birth year 2000 a statistically significant reversed trend (P < 0.01) was seen. CONCLUSIONS Childhood T1D increased dramatically and shifted to a younger age at onset the first 22 years of the study period. We report a reversed trend, starting in 2000, indicating a change in nongenetic risk factors affecting specifically young children. PMID:21270269

  19. Thai Adolescent Survivors 1 Year after the 2004 Tsunami: A Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuicomepee, Arunya; Romano, John L.

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the impact of the 2004 Asian tsunami on 400 Thai adolescents 1 year after the disaster. Quantitative analyses showed that youth behavior problems were positively associated with tsunami experiences and negatively associated with positive family functioning. Tsunami exposure, school connectedness, religious beliefs and…

  20. The Stability and Structure of Career Decision-Making Profiles: A 1-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gati, Itamar; Levin, Nimrod

    2012-01-01

    The Career Decision-Making Profile (CDMP) questionnaire is a multidimensional measure of the way individuals make career decisions, developed as an alternative to the single, most-dominant trait approach. Using a sample of freshmen students, the 2-week reliability (N = 273) and 1-year stability (N = 182) of the CDMP was tested for each of the 12…

  1. A Program To Promote Positive Body Image: A 1-Year Follow-Up Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McVey, Gail L.; Davis, Ron

    2002-01-01

    Evaluated the effectiveness of a program designed to promote body image satisfaction and prevent eating problems in young adolescent girls over a 1-year period. Found no program effect. Found instead, significant increases in body image satisfaction and decreases in eating problem scores over time for participants in both the prevention and…

  2. An Analysis of 1-Year Impacts of Youth Transition Demonstration Projects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fraker, Thomas M.; Luecking, Richard G.; Mamun, Arif A.; Martinez, John M.; Reed, Deborah S.; Wittenburg, David C.

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the impacts of the Youth Transition Demonstration, an initiative of the Social Security Administration (SSA) to improve employment outcomes for youth with disabilities. Based on a random assignment design, the analysis uses data from a 1-year follow-up survey and SSA administrative records for 5,203 youth in six research…

  3. First-Generation College Students' 1st-Year College Experiences: Challenges Attending a Private University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Josephine

    2013-01-01

    First-generation college students (FGCS) face challenges when switching from high school to college and during their 1st-year in college. Additionally, FGCS may have difficulty understanding the steps required to prepare for and enroll in postsecondary education. The social capital theory examines support of social, academic, and cultural networks…

  4. Participation as a leader in immersion weight loss treatment: a 1-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Anderson, L M; Schaumberg, K; Anderson, D A; Kirschenbaum, D S

    2016-02-01

    Non-overweight individuals may follow aggressive weight management approaches alongside overweight/obese friends or family members; thus, research has begun to evaluate subsequent effects among non-overweight populations. A prior study evaluated the short-term effects of an immersion weight loss programme on healthy young adult staff leaders. Results indicated that participation seemed to benefit, not harm, the young adults. The current investigation examined 1-year eating disorder and weight trajectories in this sample. The total sample (N = 244) consisted of staff leaders (44.3%) and demographically similar comparison participants who completed eating disorder and weight assessments across four time points: baseline, end of summer, 6-week follow-up and 1-year follow-up. Forty-seven per cent of the original sample responded to all time points (staff leaders n = 60; comparison n = 55). Over the course of 1 year, risk trajectories did not differ between groups. Staff leaders did not report significant changes in body mass index, suggesting that they maintained healthy weight over the course of 1 year. Participation as an immersion weight loss programme leader appeared to be protective against weight gain, without increasing eating disorder risk, for healthy young adults. This provides further support for using weight management interventions across a wide range of individuals. PMID:26638779

  5. Perceptual Narrowing of Linguistic Sign Occurs in the 1st Year of Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Stephanie Baker; Fais, Laurel; Golinkoff, Roberta Michnick; Werker, Janet F.

    2012-01-01

    Over their 1st year of life, infants' "universal" perception of the sounds of language narrows to encompass only those contrasts made in their native language (J. F. Werker & R. C. Tees, 1984). This research tested 40 infants in an eyetracking paradigm and showed that this pattern also holds for infants exposed to seen language--American Sign…

  6. Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Adolescents with Bipolar Disorder: A 1-Year Open Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldstein, Tina R.; Axelson, David A.; Birmaher, Boris; Brent, David A.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To describe an adapted version of dialectical behavior therapy for adolescents with bipolar disorder. Method: The dialectical behavior therapy intervention is delivered over 1 year and consists of two modalities: family skills training (conducted with individual family units) and individual therapy. The acute treatment period (6 months)…

  7. How Joint Attention Relates to Cooperation in 1- and 2-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Zhen; Pan, Jingtong; Su, Yanjie; Gros-Louis, Julie

    2013-01-01

    Joint attention has been suggested to contribute to children's development of cooperation; however, few empirical studies have directly tested this hypothesis. Children aged 1 and 2 years participated in two joint action activities to assess their cooperation with an adult partner, who stopped participating at a specific moment during the…

  8. Levels of Phonological Awareness in Korean and English: A 1-Year Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cho, Jeung-Ryeul; McBride-Chang, Catherine

    2005-01-01

    The present study examined associations of levels of phonological awareness to word recognition in Korean and English in a 1-year longitudinal study of 91 children from Masan, Korea. With performances on tasks of speeded naming, vocabulary, and Korean Hangul in 2nd grade statistically controlled, only Korean syllable deletion predicted unique…

  9. Association of Postpartum Depression With Weight Retention 1 Year After Childbirth

    PubMed Central

    Herring, Sharon J.; Rich-Edwards, Janet W.; Oken, Emily; Rifas-Shiman, Sheryl L.; Kleinman, Ken P.; Gillman, Matthew W.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To examine the extent to which early postpartum depression is associated with weight retention 1 year after childbirth. Methods and Procedures In a prospective cohort study of 850 women enrolled in Project Viva, mothers reported depressive symptoms on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) at midpregnancy and 6 months postpartum. A score >12 indicated probable depression. We assessed associations of antenatal and postpartum depression with risk of substantial weight retention (at least 5 kg) 1 year after childbirth. Results Seven-hundred thirty-six women (87%) were not depressed during or after pregnancy, 55 (6%) experienced antenatal depression only, 22 (3%) experienced both antenatal and postpartum depression, and 37 (4%) experienced postpartum depression only. At 1 year, participants retained a mean of 0.6 kg (range −16.4 to 25.5), and 12% retained at least 5 kg. In multivariate logistic regression analyses, after adjustment for weight-related covariates, maternal sociodemographics, and parity, new-onset postpartum depression was associated with more than a doubling of risk of retaining at least 5 kg (odds ratio (OR): 2.54, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06, 6.09). Antenatal depression, either alone or in combination with postpartum depression, was not associated with substantial weight retention. Discussion New-onset postpartum depression was associated with substantial weight retention in the first postpartum year. Interventions to manage depressive symptoms may help reduce excess weight retained postpartum and aid in the prevention of obesity among women. PMID:18369338

  10. Classroom Connectivity and Algebra 1 Achievement: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving, Karen E.; Pape, Stephen J.; Owens, Douglas T.; Abrahamson, Louis; Silver, David; Sanalan, Vehbi A.

    2016-01-01

    Findings from three years of a longitudinal randomized control trial involving a national U.S. sample of Algebra 1 teachers and students are reported. The study examines the effects of a connected classroom technology (CCT) professional development and classroom intervention on student achievement when compared to classroom instruction with…

  11. Verbal Labels Modulate Perceptual Object Processing in 1-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gliga, Teodora; Volein, Agnes; Csibra, Gergely

    2010-01-01

    Whether verbal labels help infants visually process and categorize objects is a contentious issue. Using electroencephalography, we investigated whether possessing familiar or novel labels for objects directly enhances 1-year-old children's neural processes underlying the perception of those objects. We found enhanced gamma-band (20-60 Hz)…

  12. Assessment of Intima-Media Thickness in Healthy Children Aged 1 to 15 Years

    PubMed Central

    Baroncini, Liz Andréa Villela; Sylvestre, Lucimary de Castro; Filho, Roberto Pecoits

    2016-01-01

    Background Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has been shown to be increased in children and adolescents with traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as obesity, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease, compared with those of healthy children. Objective To assess the influence of sex, age and body mass index (BMI) on the CIMT in healthy children and adolescents aged 1 to 15 years. Methods A total of 280 healthy children and adolescents (males, n=175; mean age, 7.49±3.57 years; mean BMI, 17.94±4.1 kg/m2) were screened for CIMT assessment. They were divided into 3 groups according to age: GI, 1 to 5 years [n=93 (33.2%); males, 57; mean BMI, 16±3 kg/m2]; GII, 6 to 10 years [n=127 (45.4%); males, 78; mean BMI, 17.9±3.7 kg/m2], and GIII, 11 to 15 years [n=60 (21.4%); males, 40; mean BMI, 20.9±4.5 kg/m2]. Results There was no significant difference in CIMT values between male and female children and adolescents (0.43±0.06 mm vs. 0.42±0.05 mm, respectively; p=0.243). CIMT correlated with BMI neither in the total population nor in the 3 age groups according to Pearson correlation coefficient. Subjects aged 11 to 15 years had the highest CIMT values (GI vs. GII, p=0.615; GI vs. GIII, p=0.02; GII vs. GIII, p=0.004). Conclusions CIMT is constant in healthy children younger than 10 years, regardless of sex or BMI. CIMT increases after the age of 10 years. PMID:26959401

  13. [A case of ampullary carcinoma progression-free for four years after treatment with TS-1].

    PubMed

    Mori, Naoki; Sakurai, Naoki; Iizawa, Hajime

    2015-03-01

    A 63-year old man was referred to our hospital because of fever, appetite loss, and increased biliary enzyme levels. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a tumor in the duodenal papilla, diagnosed as an adenocarcinoma via biopsy, and computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple tumors in the liver. Chemotherapy with TS-1 was initiated based on a diagnosis of ampullary cancer with multiple liver metastases. After TS-1 treatment, the multiple tumors were no longer detectable, and the primary tumor did not increase in size for 4 years. At this time, however, the patient experienced fever, jaundice, and appetite loss. The hepatic mass was not detected via CT or MRI. The primary tumor was determined to be resectable; therefore, we performed subtotal stomach preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The patient was discharged 55 days after surgery and is alive without recurrence 2 years after surgery. PMID:25812510

  14. Fathers' Depression Related to Positive and Negative Parenting Behaviors With 1-Year-Old Children

    PubMed Central

    Davis, Matthew M.; Freed, Gary L.; Clark, Sarah J.

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between depression in fathers of 1-year-old children and specific positive and negative parenting behaviors discussed by pediatric providers at well-child visits. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional secondary analysis by using interview data from 1746 fathers of 1-year-old children in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Positive parenting behaviors included fathers' reports of playing games, singing songs, and reading stories to their children ≥3 days in a typical week. Negative parenting behavior included fathers' reports of spanking their 1-year-old children in the previous month. Depression was assessed by using the World Health Organization Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form. Weighted bivariate and multivariate analyses of parenting behaviors were performed while controlling for demographics and paternal substance abuse. RESULTS: Overall, 7% of fathers had depression. In bivariate analyses, depressed fathers were more likely than nondepressed fathers to report spanking their 1-year-old children in the previous month (41% compared with 13%; P < .01). In multivariate analyses, depressed fathers were less likely to report reading to their children ≥3 days in a typical week (adjusted odds ratio: 0.38 [95% confidence interval: 0.15–0.98]) and much more likely to report spanking (adjusted odds ratio: 3.92 [95% confidence interval: 1.23–12.5]). Seventy-seven percent of depressed fathers reported talking to their children's doctor in the previous year. CONCLUSIONS: Paternal depression is associated with parenting behaviors relevant to well-child visits. Pediatric providers should consider screening fathers for depression, discussing specific parenting behaviors (eg, reading to children and appropriate discipline), and referring for treatment if appropriate. PMID:21402627

  15. Neurofibromatosis 1-related osteopenia often progresses to osteoporosis in 12 years.

    PubMed

    Heervä, Eetu; Leinonen, Pekka; Kuorilehto, Tommi; Peltonen, Sirkku; Pöyhönen, Minna; Väänänen, Kalervo; Peltonen, Juha

    2013-01-01

    The current study is based on our earlier investigation carried out in 1999, where bone mineral density (BMD) of 35 neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) patients was measured and osteoporosis was shown to be common in NF1. The findings have been confirmed by a number of later publications. The purpose of the current longitudinal study was to assess the bone health of these 35 NF1 patients 12 years after the initial study. A total of 28 patients were reached, and BMD of 19 patients was subsequently remeasured. Fracture history of 28/35 NF1 patients who were reached was verified from the medical records. Six NF1 patients had osteoporosis in 1999, and three of them had an osteoporotic fracture between 1999 and 2011, showing an increased fracture risk compared to NF1 patients without osteoporosis. BMD of 19 patients was remeasured in 2011, and four patients who had osteopenia in 1999 had osteoporosis in 2011. The decrease in BMD was not explained by changes in smoking habits, physical activity, sunlight exposure, body mass index, or laboratory parameters, even though secondary hyperparathyroidism was common. Osteoporosis was found in 2011 in patients aged 37 years or older, both men and women. The results showed that NF1-related osteopenia often progresses to osteoporosis since BMD decreases with aging even in young patients. Even though our sample size was 19 patients, we recommend follow-up of NF1 patients with osteopenia and consideration of prophylactic measures to prevent osteoporosis and associated fracture risk. PMID:23108390

  16. Residential property values predict prevalent obesity but do not predict 1 year weight change

    PubMed Central

    Drewnowski, Adam; Aggarwal, Anju; Tang, Wesley; Moudon, Anne Vernez

    2014-01-01

    Objective Lower socioeconomic status (SES) has been linked with higher obesity rates but not with weight gain. This study examined whether SES can predict short-term weight change. Design and Methods The Seattle Obesity Study II was based on an observational cohort of 440 adults. Weights and heights were measured at baseline and at 1 y. Self-reported education and incomes were obtained by questionnaire. Home addresses were linked to tax parcel property values from the King Co. tax assessor. Associations among SES variables, prevalent obesity, and 1 y weight change were examined using multivariable linear regressions. Results Low residential property values at tax parcel predicted prevalent obesity at baseline and at 1 y. Living in the top quartile of house prices reduced obesity risk by 80% at both time points. At 1 year, about 38% of the sample lost >1kg body weight; 32% maintained (± 1kg), and 30% gained >1kg. In adjusted models, none of the baseline SES measures had any impact on 1 y weight change. Conclusions SES variables, including tax parcel property values predicted prevalent obesity but did not predict short-term weight change. These findings, based on longitudinal cohort data, suggest other mechanisms are involved in short-term weight change. PMID:25684713

  17. Urinary 1-Hydroxypyrene as a Biomarker of PAH Exposure in 3-Year-Old Ukrainian Children

    PubMed Central

    Mucha, Amy Pelka; Hryhorczuk, Daniel; Serdyuk, Andrij; Nakonechny, Joseph; Zvinchuk, Alexander; Erdal, Serap; Caudill, Motria; Scheff, Peter; Lukyanova, Elena; Shkiryak-Nyzhnyk, Zoreslava; Chislovska, Natalia

    2006-01-01

    Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) is a biomarker of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) exposure. We measured urinary 1-OHP in 48 children 3 years of age in Mariupol, Ukraine, who lived near a steel mill and coking facility and compared these with 1-OHP concentrations measured in 42 children of the same age living in the capital city of Kiev, Ukraine. Children living in Mariupol had significantly higher urinary 1-OHP and creatinine-adjusted urinary 1-OHP than did children living in Kiev (adjusted: 0.69 vs. 0.34 μmol/mol creatinine, p < 0.001; unadjusted: 0.42 vs. 0.30 ng/mL, p = 0.002). Combined, children in both cities exposed to environmental tobacco smoke in their homes had higher 1-OHP than did children not exposed (0.61 vs. 0.42 μmol/mol creatinine; p = 0.04; p = 0.07 after adjusting for city). In addition, no significant differences were seen with sex of the children. Our sample of children in Mariupol has the highest reported mean urinary 1-OHP concentrations in children studied to date, most likely due to their proximity to a large industrial point source of PAHs. PMID:16581553

  18. Heavy ion fusion half-year report, October 1, 1979-March 31, 1980

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    Major elements of the program in the first half of Fiscal Year 1980 included: (1) characterization of the 1 amp, 1 MV, 2 ..mu..s beam after acceleration through one pulsed drift tube; (2) observation of current and energy spikes at the onset of the beam pulse occasioned by the unusually long transit-time (approx. 1 ..mu..sec) of the mass 133 ions across the diode gap; (3) completion of the full system, comprising of source and three drift-tubes, in February 1980; (4) development of new beam diagnostic probes for high-intensity ion beams; and (5) a major re-direction of the design effort on the Induction Linac Test Bed to bring costs, based on R/D funds that include overhead, down from the 40 million system (described in LBL PUB-5031) to the canonical 25 million.

  19. PREDICTORS OF EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS IN 1-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN: A LONGITUDINAL PERSPECTIVE.

    PubMed

    Sirvinskiene, Giedre; Zemaitiene, Nida; Jusiene, Roma; Markuniene, Egle

    2016-07-01

    Emotional and behavioral problems at an early age can reasonably be considered a high-risk factor for later mental health disorders. The aim of the article is to reveal predictive factors of 1½-year-old children's emotional and behavioral problems. The study was a part of a prospective birth-cohort study. The study sample consisted of 172 full-term infants (born during Gestational Weeks 37-42) and their mothers. Emotional and behavioral problems at the age of 1½ years were measured using the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5 (T. Achenbach & L. Rescorla, 2000), which was completed by mothers. Emotional and behavioral problems at age of 1½ years were more prevalent in infants born via cesarean section, as compared to infants born vaginally without administration of medication. Newborns' suboptimal functioning after birth, complicated emotional acceptance of pregnancy, a couple's nonsatisfactory relationship during pregnancy, maternal distress during pregnancy and in the first months after childbirth, and inflexible and parent-oriented attitudes toward infant-rearing also predicted children's emotional and behavioral problems independent of sociodemographic factors. Results suggest that biomedical and psychosocial factors which manifest themselves in the prenatal and perinatal periods can have associations with later infant and child mental health. PMID:27336695

  20. Safety and efficacy of nurse-controlled analgesia in patients less than 1 year of age

    PubMed Central

    Walia, Hina; Tumin, Dmitry; Wrona, Sharon; Martin, David; Bhalla, Tarun; Tobias, Joseph D

    2016-01-01

    Background The management of acute pain presents unique challenges in the younger pediatric population. Although patient-controlled devices are frequently used in patients ≥6 years of age, alternative modes of analgesic delivery are needed in infants. Objective To examine the safety and efficacy of nurse-controlled analgesia (NCA) in neonates less than 1 year of age. Methods Data from patients <1 year of age receiving NCA as ordered by the Acute Pain Service at our institution were collected over a 5-year period and reviewed retrospectively. The primary outcomes were activation of the institution’s Rapid Response Team (RRT) or Code Blue, signifying severe adverse events. Pain score after NCA initiation was a secondary outcome. Results Among 338 girls and 431 boys, the most common opioid used for NCA was fentanyl, followed by morphine and hydromorphone. There were 39 (5%) cases involving RRT or Code Blue activation, of which only one (Code Blue) was activated due to a complication of NCA (apnea). Multivariable logistic regression demonstrated morphine NCA to be associated with greater odds of RRT activation (OR=3.29, 95% CI=1.35, 8.03, P=0.009) compared to fentanyl NCA. There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores after NCA initiation across NCA agents. Conclusion NCA is safe in neonates and infants, with comparable efficacy demonstrated for the three agents used. The elevated incidence of RRT activation in patients receiving morphine suggests caution in its use and consideration of alternative agents in this population.

  1. A comparative study on the counting strategies of students in year 1 and 2 in Malaysia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghazali, Munirah; Hussain, Hafezali Iqbal; Ayub, Ayminsyadora

    2014-07-01

    Children's understanding of counting is important because of the crucial role it plays in the construction of mathematical knowledge. Early mastery of counting suggests that children have a firm foundation for later developments in arithmetical understanding. This paper reports on a study to examine counting strategies by Year 1 and Year 2 students in Penang. We study 12 different schools selected in Penang based on different types of schools in Malaysia. Six students were selected from each school giving a final sample of 72 students. The concepts investigated are sense of quantity, counting leading to multiplicative thinking and place value as these are the fundamentals for the development of counting ability. The strategies employed by students for were then compared. Furthermore, students utilized differing counting strategies which range from commutative strategies to multiplicative strategies. Our findings show that students employed a range of strategies even though mental strategies are not thought to Year 1 and 2 students. The findings raise some important issues in allowing researchers to understand the counting strategies of students in Years 1 and 2. Furthermore, it provides important implications in developing the curriculum and pedagogical agenda for the schooling system.

  2. Infants under 1 year of age have a significant risk of burn injury.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Dai Q A; Tobin, Sean; Dickson, William A; Potokar, Tom S

    2008-09-01

    A wealth of data exists concerning paediatric burn epidemiology in general, but very little exists specifically in infants under 1 year of age, a special group in which mobility begins to develop. A retrospective study of all burn admissions of infants under 1 year old to The Welsh Centre for Burns from January 2003 to January 2006 was performed. During the 3-year period there were 104 new burns cases identified which represents 11.8% of all paediatric admissions. 63.5% (66) were treated as inpatients and 36.5% (38) treated as out-patients. Burns increased in frequency with increasing age and occurred mainly in the home. Scalds were the commonest type of burn in 65% (68) whilst the second most common was contact burns which accounted for 30% (31). The most common source of scald was from cups containing hot drinks (39%) and the most common source of contact burn was radiators/hot water pipes (30%). The mean TBSA was 2.3%, (range 0.5-38%). The frequency of burns in the under 1 year old population highlights a need for emphasis of burn prevention directed to this group. Special attention is needed to look at the specific aetiology of these burns. Starting points for prevention should address the number of burns surrounding hot drinks and bottle warming practices in the case of scalds and the dangers of household radiators and hot water pipes in the case of contact burns. PMID:18378092

  3. Joint Launch + One Year Science Review of USML-1 and USMP-1 with the Microgravity Measurement Group

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramachandran, N. (Editor); Frazier, Donald. O. (Editor); Lehoczky, Sandor L. (Editor); Baugher, Charles R. (Editor)

    1994-01-01

    This document summarizes from the various investigations their comprehensive results and highlights, and also serves as a combined mission report for the first United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) amd the United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-1). USML-1 included 31 investigations in fluid dynamics, crystal growth, combustion, biotechnology, and technology demonstrations supported by 11 facilities. On the USMP-1 mission, both the MEPHISTO and Lambda Point experiments exceeded by over 100 percent their planned science objectives. The mission was also the first time that acceleration data were down-linked and analyzed in real time.

  4. A longitudinal study of back dimension changes over 1 year in sports horses.

    PubMed

    Greve, Line; Dyson, Sue

    2015-01-01

    Major back dimension changes over time have been observed in some horses, the speed of which may be influenced by work type, skeletal maturity, nutrition and saddle fit. Currently, there are no longitudinal data quantifying changes in back dimensions. The objectives of this study were to quantify back dimension changes over time, to identify the effects of horse, saddle and rider on these dimensions, and to determine their association with season, weight, work and saddle management. A prospective, longitudinal study was performed, using stratified random sampling within a convenience sample of 104 sports horses in normal work. Thoracolumbar dimensions/symmetry were measured at predetermined sites every second month over 1 year; weight, work and saddle management changes were recorded. Descriptive statistics, and univariable and multiple mixed effects linear regression were performed to assess the association between management changes, horse-saddle-rider factors and back dimension changes. Complete data was available for 63/104 horses, including horses used for dressage (n= 26), showjumping (n= 26), eventing (n= 26) and general purpose (n= 26), with age groups 3-5 years (n = 24), 6-8 years (n = 28), 9-12 years (n = 24) and ≥ 13 years (n = 28). There were considerable variations in back dimensions over 1 year. In the multivariable analysis, the presence of gait abnormalities at initial examination and back asymmetry were significant and had a negative effect on changes in back dimensions. Subsequent improved saddle fit, similar or increased work intensity, season (summer versus winter) and increased bodyweight retained significance, having positive effects on changes in back dimensions. In conclusion, quantifiable changes in back dimensions occur throughout the year. Saddle fit should be reassessed professionally several times a year, especially if there has been a change in work intensity. PMID:25510314

  5. Memantine and brain atrophy in Alzheimer's disease: a 1-year randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Wilkinson, David; Fox, Nick C; Barkhof, Frederik; Phul, Ravinder; Lemming, Ole; Scheltens, Philip

    2012-01-01

    The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the rate of total brain atrophy (TBA) with serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), using the Brain Boundary Shift Integral (BBSI), in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD) over the course of 52 weeks of treatment with memantine or placebo. This was a multi-national, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose 1-year study. Patients were randomized (1 : 1) to treatment with placebo or memantine. Patients randomized to memantine were up-titrated to the target dose of 20 mg/day over 4 weeks. MRI scans were collected at screening and at Weeks 4, 42, and 52. Secondary efficacy assessments included several cognitive and behavioral scales. 518 patients were screened, 278 patients were randomized, and 217 patients completed the study. In the primary efficacy analysis, the differences in TBA rates between memantine (15.2 mL/year) and placebo (15.3 mL/year) were not statistically significant (-0.04 mL/year [(95% CI: -2.60, 2.52), p = 0.98]). There was a statistically significant correlation between change in TBA and change in most cognitive and behavioral scale scores. Patients who were not treated with acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) showed a significantly lower TBA rate than patients treated with AChEIs. Memantine had a placebo-level incidence of adverse events. There were no statistically significant differences between memantine and placebo in total brain or hippocampal atrophy rates in patients with probable AD treated for 1 year. The biological relevance of cerebral atrophy was supported by a significant correlation between rate of atrophy and decline in cognitive and behavioral outcomes. PMID:22269160

  6. 1,1,1-Trichloroethane

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    1,1,1 - Trichloroethane ; CASRN 71 - 55 - 6 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcino

  7. Evolution of Bluetongue Virus Serotype 1 in Northern Australia over 30 Years

    PubMed Central

    Amos-Ritchie, Rachel; Broz, Ivano; Melville, Lorna; Flanagan, David; Davis, Steven; Hunt, Neville; Weir, Richard

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRACT Bluetongue virus serotype 1 (BTV 1) was first isolated in Australia from cattle blood collected in 1979 at Beatrice Hill Farm (BHF), Northern Territory (NT). From long-term surveillance programs (1977 to 2011), 2,487 isolations of 10 BTV serotypes were made. The most frequently isolated serotype was BTV 1 (41%, 1,019) followed by BTV 16 (17.5%, 436) and BTV 20 (14%, 348). In 3 years, no BTVs were isolated, and in 12 years, no BTV 1 was isolated. Seventeen BTV 1 isolates were sequenced and analyzed in comparison with 10 Australian prototype serotypes. BTV 1 showed an episodic pattern of evolutionary change characterized by four distinct periods. Each period consisted primarily of slow genetic drift which was punctuated from time to time by genetic shifts generated by segment reassortment and the introduction of new genome segments. Evidence was found for coevolution of BTV genome segments. Evolutionary dynamics and selection pressure estimates showed strong temporal and clock-like molecular evolutionary dynamics of six Australian BTV genome segments. Bayesian coalescent estimates of mean substitution rates clustered in the range of 3.5 × 10−4 to 5.3 × 10−4 substitutions per site per year. All BTV genome segments evolved under strong purifying (negative) selection, with only three sites identified as under pervasive diversifying (positive) selection. The obligate replication in alternate hosts (insect vector and vertebrate hosts) imposed strong evolutionary constraints. The dominant mechanism generating genetic diversity of BTV 1 at BHF was through the introduction of new viruses and reassortment of genome segments with existing viruses. IMPORTANCE Bluetongue virus (BTV) is the causative agent of bluetongue disease in ruminants. It is a disease of concern globally and is transmitted by biting midges (Culicoides species). Analysis of the evolutionary and selection pressures on BTV 1 at a single surveillance site in northern Australia showed strong

  8. Genotoxic Potential of 1.6 GHz Wireless Communication Signal: In vivo Two-Year Bioassay

    SciTech Connect

    Vijayalaxmi, Vijay; Sasser, Lyle B.; Morris, J E.; Wilson, Bary W. ); Anderson, Larry E.

    2003-04-01

    Timed-pregnant Fischer 344 rats (from nineteenth day of gestation) and their nursing offspring (until weaning) were exposed to a far-field 1.6 GHz Iridium wireless communication signal for 2 h/day, 5 days/week. Far-field whole-body exposures were conducted with a field intensity of 0.43 mW/cm 2 and whole-body average specific absorption rate (SAR) of 0.036 to 0.077 W/kg (0.10 to 0.22 W/kg in the brain). This was followed by chronic, head-only exposures of male and female offspring to a near-field 1.6 GHz signal for 2 h/day, 5 days/week, over 2 years. Near-field exposures were conducted at an SAR of 0.16 or 1.6 W/kg in the brain. Concurrent sham-exposed and cage control rats were also included in the study. At the end of 2 years, all rats were necropsied. Bone marrow smears were examined for the extent of genotoxicity, assessed from the presence of micronuclei in polychromatic erythrocytes. The results indicated that the incidence of micronuclei/ 2000 polychromatic erythrocytes were not significantly different between 1.6 GHz-exposed, sham-exposed and cage control rats. The group mean frequencies were 5.6 6 1.8 (130 rats exposed to 1.6 GHz at 0.16 W/kg SAR), 5.4 6 1.5 (135 rats exposed to 1.6 GHz at 1.6 W/kg SAR), 5.6 6 1.7 (119 sham-exposed rats), and 5.8 6 1.8 (100 cage control rats). In contrast, positive control rats treated with mitomycin C exhibited significantly elevated incidence of micronuclei/2000 polychromatic erythrocytes in bone marrow cells; the mean frequency was 38.2 6 7.0 (five rats). Thus there was no evidence for excess genotoxicity in rats that were chronically exposed to 1.6 GHz compared to sham-exposed and cage controls.

  9. Anhedonia Predicts Major Adverse Cardiac Events and Mortality in Patients 1 Year After Acute Coronary Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Davidson, Karina W.; Burg, Matthew M.; Kronish, Ian M.; Shimbo, Daichi; Dettenborn, Lucia; Mehran, Roxana; Vorchheimer, David; Clemow, Lynn; Schwartz, Joseph E.; Lespérance, Francois; Rieckmann, Nina

    2010-01-01

    Context Depression is a consistent predictor of recurrent events and mortality in ACS patients, but it has 2 core diagnostic criteria with distinct biological correlates—depressed mood and anhedonia. Objective To determine if depressed mood and/or anhedonia (loss of pleasure or interest) predict 1-year medical outcomes for patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Design Observational cohort study of post-ACS patients hospitalized between May 2003 and June 2005. Within one week of admission, patients underwent a structured psychiatric interview to assess clinically impairing depressed mood, anhedonia, and major depressive episode (MDE); also assessed were the Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events risk score, Charlson comorbidity index, left ventricular ejection fraction, antidepressant use, and depressive symptom severity. Setting Coronary care and cardiac care step-down units of 3 university hospitals in New York and Connecticut. Participants Consecutive sample of 453 ACS patients (aged 25–93 years; 42% women). Main Outcomes Measures All-cause mortality (ACM) and documented major adverse cardiac events (MACE; myocardial infarction, hospitalization for unstable angina, or urgent revascularization) were actively surveyed for 1 year after admission. Results There were 67 events (16 deaths and 51 MACE; 14.8%). 108 (24%) and 77 (17%) patients with anhedonia and depressed mood, respectively. After controlling for sex, age, and medical covariates, anhedonia (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.58; 95% confidence interval, 1.16–2.14; P<.01) and MDE (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.07–2.04; P=.02) were significant predictors of combined MACE/ACM, but depressed mood was not. Anhedonia continued to significantly predict outcomes controlling for MDE diagnosis and depressive symptom severity, each of which were no longer significant. Conclusions Anhedonia identifies risk for MACE/ACM beyond that of established medical prognostic indicators

  10. Residual skin damage in rats 1 year after exposure to x rays or accelerated heavy ions

    SciTech Connect

    Leith, J.T.; McDonald, M.; Howard, J.

    1982-01-01

    In conjunction with a study on the biological effects of accelerated heavy ions on rat spinal cord, we were able to assess the residual skin damage remaining 1 year postirradiation. In this study, rats were irradiated with 230-kVp fractionated doses of either X rays, carbon ions, or neon ions. Four radiation fractions were given at daily intervals. For the carbon and neon ion exposures, rats were irradiated in both the plateau and spread Bragg peak (4 cm) regions of ionization. Comparing doses that produced complete epilation with a slight suggestion of a residual radiation scar, it was found that the relative biological effectivesness (RBE) values 1 year postirradiation for the four fraction irradiations were: carbon ions (plateau ionization region), 1.06; carbon ions (spread Bragg peak ionization region), 1.88; neon ions (plateau region of ionization), 1.55; and neon ions (spread Bragg peak ionization region), 2.26. RBE values for production of paralysis after spinal cord irradiation (using the same X-ray total dose levels for comparison purposes) were in all cases higher than the RBE values obtained from assessment of residual skin injury.

  11. 26 CFR 1.264-3 - Effective date; taxable years ending after March 1, 1954, subject to the Internal Revenue Code of...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effective date; taxable years ending after March 1, 1954, subject to the Internal Revenue Code of 1939. 1.264-3 Section 1.264-3 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.264-3 Effective...

  12. 26 CFR 1.1402(f)-1 - Computation of partner's net earnings from self-employment for taxable year which ends as result...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Computation of partner's net earnings from self-employment for taxable year which ends as result of his death. 1.1402(f)-1 Section 1.1402(f)-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Tax on...

  13. The Long Journey of TCL1 Transgenic Mice: Lessons Learned in the Last 15 Years

    PubMed Central

    Pekarsky, Yuri; Drusco, Alessandra; Kumchala, Prasanthi; Croce, Carlo M.; Zanesi, Nicola

    2016-01-01

    The first transgenic mouse of the TCL1 oncogene was described more than 15 years ago, and since then, the overexpression of the gene in T- and B-cells in vivo has been extensively studied to reveal the molecular details in the pathogenesis of some lymphocytic leukemias. This review discusses the main features of the original TCL1 models and the different lines of research successively developed with particular attention to genetically compound mice and the therapeutic applications in drug development. PMID:25700368

  14. Brucella arthritis of the knee, 1 year after revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

    PubMed

    Papastergiou, S G; Koukoulias, N E; Koumis, P; Kyparlis, D; Santas, R

    2011-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. The authors report the first case in the literature of septic arthritis of the knee 1 year after revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Brucella melitensis biotype 3 was found in both synovial fluid and blood cultures. The patient was treated initially with arthroscopic debridement. After the diagnosis was confirmed, a second arthroscopic lavage and metal work removal was applied leaving the graft in place. Antimicrobial chemotherapy was prescribed for 3 months. The infection was fully eradicated and the patient is still asymptomatic, 4 years after the treatment. PMID:22700607

  15. Brucella arthritis of the knee, 1 year after revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Papastergiou, S G; Koukoulias, N E; Koumis, P; Kyparlis, D; Santas, R

    2011-01-01

    Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection with a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. The authors report the first case in the literature of septic arthritis of the knee 1 year after revision of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. Brucella melitensis biotype 3 was found in both synovial fluid and blood cultures. The patient was treated initially with arthroscopic debridement. After the diagnosis was confirmed, a second arthroscopic lavage and metal work removal was applied leaving the graft in place. Antimicrobial chemotherapy was prescribed for 3 months. The infection was fully eradicated and the patient is still asymptomatic, 4 years after the treatment. PMID:22700607

  16. Fiscal year 1981 US corn and soybeans pilot preliminary experiment plan, phase 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Livingston, G. P.; Nedelman, K. S.; Norwood, D. F.; Smith, J. H. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    A draft of the preliminary experiment plan for the foreign commodity production forecasting project fiscal year 1981 is presented. This draft plan includes: definition of the phase 1 and 2 U.S. pilot objectives; the proposed experiment design to evaluate crop calendar, area estimation, and area aggregation components for corn and soybean technologies using 1978/1979 crop-year data; a description of individual sensitivity evaluations of the baseline corn and soybean segment classification procedure; and technology and data assessment in support of the corn and soybean estimation technology for use in the U.S. central corn belt.

  17. Necessity and Opportunity: the 1-Year Master's ABA Program at Auburn University.

    PubMed

    Johnston, James M

    2016-05-01

    The Auburn University Master of Science program in Applied Behavior Analysis was designed to accommodate not only the requirements of the Behavior Analyst Certification Board for approved course sequences and practicum training, but unavoidable limitations in faculty and other resources. These limitations were incompatible with the more traditional 2-year curriculum model, so a 1-year program was designed that met the necessary conditions. This article describes the resulting academic and practicum curriculum, the key funding mechanisms that allowed the program to develop, and the opportunities and benefits that this model afforded. PMID:27606193

  18. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1): An update of 208 new germline variants reported in the last nine years.

    PubMed

    Concolino, Paola; Costella, Alessandra; Capoluongo, Ettore

    2016-01-01

    This review will focus on the germline MEN1 mutations that have been reported in patients with MEN1 and other hereditary endocrine disorders from 2007 to September 2015. A comprehensive review regarding the analysis of 1336 MEN1 mutations reported in the first decade following the gene's identification was performed by Lemos and Thakker in 2008. No other similar papers are available in literature apart from these data. We also checked for the list of Locus-Specific DataBases (LSDBs) and we found five MEN1 free-online mutational databases. 151 articles from the NCBI PubMed literature database were read and evaluated and a total of 75 MEN1 variants were found. On the contrary, 67, 22 and 44 novel MEN1 variants were obtained from ClinVar, MEN1 at Café Variome and HGMD (The Human Gene Mutation Database) databases respectively. A final careful analysis of MEN1 mutations affecting the coding region was performed. PMID:26767918

  19. 26 CFR 1.1502-77A - Common parent agent for subsidiaries applicable for consolidated return years beginning before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... for consolidated return years beginning before June 28, 2002. 1.1502-77A Section 1.1502-77A Internal... TAXES (CONTINUED) Regulations Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before June 28, 2002 § 1.1502-77A Common parent agent for subsidiaries applicable for consolidated return years beginning before June...

  20. 26 CFR 1.1502-77A - Common parent agent for subsidiaries applicable for consolidated return years beginning before...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... for consolidated return years beginning before June 28, 2002. 1.1502-77A Section 1.1502-77A Internal... TAXES Regulations Applicable to Taxable Years Beginning Before June 28, 2002 § 1.1502-77A Common parent agent for subsidiaries applicable for consolidated return years beginning before June 28, 2002....

  1. Early Neuropsychological Tests as Correlates of Productivity 1 Year after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Preliminary Matched Case-Control Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryu, Won Hyung A.; Cullen, Nora K.; Bayley, Mark T.

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the relative strength of five neuropsychological tests in correlating with productivity 1 year after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Six moderate-to-severe TBI patients who returned to work at 1-year post-injury were matched with six controls who were unemployed after 1 year based on age, severity of injury, and Functional…

  2. Water Resources Data Ohio: Water year 1994. Volume 1, Ohio River Basin excluding Project Data

    SciTech Connect

    1994-12-31

    The Water Resources Division of the US Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with State agencies, obtains a large amount of data each water year (a water year is the 12-month period from October 1 through September 30 and is identified by the calendar year in which it ends) pertaining to the water resources of Ohio. These data, accumulated during many years, constitute a valuable data base for developing an improved understanding of the water resources of the State. To make these data readily available to interested parties outside the USGS, they are published annually in this report series entitled ``Water Resources Data--Ohio.`` This report (in two volumes) includes records on surface water and ground water in the State. Specifically, it contains: (1) Discharge records for streamflow-gaging stations, miscellaneous sites, and crest-stage stations; (2) stage and content records for streams, lakes, and reservoirs; (3) water-quality data for streamflow-gaging stations, wells, synoptic sites, and partial-record sit -aid (4) water-level data for observation wells. Locations of lake-and streamflow-gaging stations, water-quality stations, and observation wells for which data are presented in this volume are shown in figures 8a through 8b. The data in this report represent that part of the National Water Data System collected by the USGS and cooperating State and Federal agencies in Ohio. This series of annual reports for Ohio began with the 1961 water year with a report that contained only data relating to the quantities of surface water. For the 1964 water year, a similar report was introduced that contained only data relating to water quality. Beginning with the 1975 water year, the report was changed to present (in two or three volumes) data on quantities of surface water, quality of surface and ground water, and ground-water levels.

  3. Parent Discrimination Predicts Mexican-American Adolescent Psychological Adjustment 1 Year Later.

    PubMed

    Espinoza, Guadalupe; Gonzales, Nancy A; Fuligni, Andrew J

    2016-07-01

    This study examined whether Mexican-American parents' experiences with discrimination are related to adolescent psychological adjustment over time. The extent to which associations between parent discrimination and adolescent adjustment vary as a function of parents' ethnic socialization of their children was also examined. Participants included 344 high school students from Mexican or Mexican-American backgrounds (primarily second generation; ages 14-16 at Wave 1) and their primary caregivers who completed surveys in a 2-year longitudinal study. Results revealed that parent discrimination predicted internalizing symptoms and self-esteem among adolescents 1 year later. Additionally, adolescents were more likely to report low self-esteem in relation to parents' increased experiences of discrimination when parents conveyed ethnic socialization messages to them. PMID:27224903

  4. ESA SMART-1 mission: review of results and legacy 10 years after launch

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foing, Bernard

    2014-05-01

    We review ESA's SMART-1 highlights and legacy 10 years after launch. The SMART-1 mission to the Moon achieved record firsts such as: 1) first Small Mission for Advanced Research and Technology; with spacecraft built and integrated in 2.5 years and launched 3.5 years after mission approval; 2) first mission leaving the Earth orbit using solar power alone with demonstration for future deep space missions such as BepiColombo; 3) most fuel effective mission (60 litres of Xenon) and longest travel (13 month) to the Moon!; 4) first ESA mission reaching the Moon and first European views of lunar poles; 5) first European demonstration of a wide range of new technologies: Li-Ion modular battery, deep-space communications in X- and Ka-bands, and autonomous positioning for navigation; 6) first lunar demonstration of an infrared spectrometer and of a Swept Charge Detector Lunar X-ray fluorescence spectrometer ; 7) first ESA mission with opportunity for lunar science, elemental geochemistry, surface mineralogy mapping, surface geology and precursor studies for exploration; 8) first controlled impact landing on the Moon with real time observations campaign; 9) first mission supporting goals of the ILEWG/COSPAR International Lunar Exploration Working Group in technical and scientific exchange, international collaboration, public and youth engagement; 10) first mission preparing the ground for ESA collaboration in Chandrayaan-1, Chang'E1-2-3 and near-future landers, sample return and human lunar missions. The SMART-1 technology legacy is applicable to geostationary satellites and deep space missions using solar electric propulsion. The SMART-1 archive observations have been used to support scientific research and prepare subsequent lunar missions and exploration. Most recent SMART-1 results are relevant to topics on: 1) the study of properties of the lunar dust, 2) impact craters and ejecta, 3) the study of illumination, 4) observations and science from the Moon, 5) support to

  5. Representation to the accident and emergency department within 1-year of a fractured neck of femur

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The fractured neck of femur (NOF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The mortality attendant upon such fractures is 10% at 1 month and 30% at one year with a cost to the NHS of £1.4 billion annually. This retrospective study sought to examine rates and prevailing trends in representation to A&E in the year following a NOF fracture in an attempt to identify the leading causes behind the morbidity and mortality associated with this fracture. Methods 1108 patients who suffered a fractured NOF between 1 January 2002 and 31 December 2007 were identified from a University Hospital A&E database. This database was then used to identify those patients who represented within 1-year following the initial fracture. The presenting complaint, provisional diagnosis and the outcome of this presentation were identified at this time. Results 234 patients (21%) returned to A&E on 368 occasions in the year following a hip fracture. 77% (284/368) of these presentations necessitated admission. Falls, infection and fracture were the leading causes of representation. Falls accounted for 20% (57/284) of admissions; 20.7% of patients were admitted because of a fracture, while 56.6% of admissions were for medical ailments of which infection was the chief precipitant (28% (45/161)). Discussion The causes for representation are varied and multifactorial. The results of this study suggest that some of those events or ailments necessitating readmission may be obviated and potentially reduced by interventions that can be instituted during the primary admission and continued following discharge. PMID:22189063

  6. Cognitive and affective assessment in day care versus institutionalized elderly patients: a 1-year longitudinal study

    PubMed Central

    Maseda, Ana; Balo, Aránzazu; Lorenzo–López, Laura; Lodeiro–Fernández, Leire; Rodríguez–Villamil, José Luis; Millán–Calenti, José Carlos

    2014-01-01

    Purpose Cognitive decline and depression are two common mental health problems that may create a need for long-term care among the elderly. In the last decade, the percentage of older adults who receive health care in nursing homes, day care centers, or home support services has increased in Europe. The objectives of this descriptive and nonrandomized longitudinal study were to evaluate and to compare the cognitive and affective evolution of day care versus institutionalized older patients through a 1-year period, and to assess the presence of cognitive and affective impairment as a function of the care setting. Patients and methods Ninety-four patients were assessed at baseline, and 63 (67.0%) were reassessed 1 year later. Neuropsychological assessment included measures of cognitive performance (general cognitive status, visuospatial, and language abilities) and affective status (depressive symptoms). Results Our findings indicated that the majority of the participants (day care and institutionalized patients) had mild–moderate cognitive impairment at baseline, which significantly increased in both groups after 1-year follow-up. However, the rate of change in global cognitive function did not significantly differ between groups over time. Regarding language abilities, naming function maintained among day care patients in comparison with institutionalized patients, who showed worse performance at follow-up. As regards to affective status, results revealed that institutionalized patients had a significant reduction in depressive symptoms at follow-up, when compared to day care patients. Results also highlight the high frequency of cognitive impairment and depressive symptoms regardless of the care setting. Conclusion Our findings revealed a similar global cognitive decline rate between patients receiving day care services and those residing in a nursing home at the 1-year follow-up, and slightly different trajectories in other outcomes such as naming function and

  7. Coincident 1.3-year Periodicities in the ap Geomagnetic Index and the Solar Wind

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Paularena, K. I.; Szabo, A.; Richardson, J. D.

    1995-01-01

    Recent observations show an approximately 1.3-year period in the speed of the solar wind detected by the IMP 8 and Voyager 2 spacecraft. A similar period is also seen in the north-south (GSE) component of the magnetic field observed by IMP 8. Since both parameters are commonly used as input to models of geomagnetic activity, the 'ap' index (a measure of geomagnetic disturbance) is examined to look for this periodicity. The Lomb-Scargle periodogram method is used on the ap, plasma, and magnetic field data during the 1973-1994 time range. A dynamic FFT periodogram method is also used to analyze the ap data during this time, as well as to look for periods present between 1932 and 1972. A clear 1.3-year periodicity is present in the post-1986 data when the same period is observed in the plasma and field data. The V(2)B(zsm) and V(2)B(s) proxies for geomagnetic activity also show this periodicity. However, the southward (GSM) component of the magnetic field does not have a 1.3-year period, and neither do solar wind or ap data from 1973-1985. This demonstrates that the ap geomagnetic index can act as a proxy for solar wind periodicities at this time scale. Historic ap data are examined, and show that a similar periodicity in ap exists around 1942. Since auroral data show a 1.4-year periodicity, all these similar periods may result from a common underlying solar mechanism.

  8. 26 CFR 1.41-5 - Basic research for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986. [Reserved

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Basic research for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986. 1.41-5 Section 1.41-5 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY INCOME TAX INCOME TAXES Credits Against Tax § 1.41-5 Basic research for taxable years...

  9. 26 CFR 301.6096-1 - Designation by individuals for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1972.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... of the tax imposed by chapter 1 for such taxable year, and shall be made either on the first page of... beginning after December 31, 1972. 301.6096-1 Section 301.6096-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... and Returns Returns and Records § 301.6096-1 Designation by individuals for taxable years...

  10. 26 CFR 20.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ..., interests for life or terms of years, and remainder or reversionary interests prior to May 1, 2009. 20.7520-1 Section 20.7520-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED... Valuations § 20.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years,...

  11. 26 CFR 20.7520-1 - Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years, and remainder...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ..., interests for life or terms of years, and remainder or reversionary interests prior to May 1, 2009. 20.7520-1 Section 20.7520-1 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED... Valuations § 20.7520-1 Valuation of annuities, unitrust interests, interests for life or terms of years,...

  12. 26 CFR 1.404(a)-2 - Information to be furnished by employer claiming deductions; taxable years ending before December...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... deductions; taxable years ending before December 31, 1971. 1.404(a)-2 Section 1.404(a)-2 Internal Revenue... claiming deductions; taxable years ending before December 31, 1971. (a) For the first taxable year for... 25 highest paid employees covered by the plan in the taxable year, listed in order of...

  13. PHAT STELLAR CLUSTER SURVEY. I. YEAR 1 CATALOG AND INTEGRATED PHOTOMETRY

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, L. Clifton; Dalcanton, Julianne J.; Fouesneau, Morgan; Hodge, Paul W.; Weisz, Daniel R.; Williams, Benjamin F.; Beerman, Lori C.; Seth, Anil C.; Caldwell, Nelson; Gouliermis, Dimitrios A.; Larsen, Soren S.; Olsen, Knut A. G.; San Roman, Izaskun; Sarajedini, Ata; Bianchi, Luciana; Dolphin, Andrew E.; Girardi, Leo; Guhathakurta, Puragra; Lang, Dustin; and others

    2012-06-20

    The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury (PHAT) survey is an ongoing Hubble Space Telescope (HST) multi-cycle program to obtain high spatial resolution imaging of one-third of the M31 disk at ultraviolet through near-infrared wavelengths. In this paper, we present the first installment of the PHAT stellar cluster catalog. When completed, the PHAT cluster catalog will be among the largest and most comprehensive surveys of resolved star clusters in any galaxy. The exquisite spatial resolution achieved with HST has allowed us to identify hundreds of new clusters that were previously inaccessible with existing ground-based surveys. We identify 601 clusters in the Year 1 sample, representing more than a factor of four increase over previous catalogs within the current survey area (390 arcmin{sup 2}). This work presents results derived from the first {approx}25% of the survey data; we estimate that the final sample will include {approx}2500 clusters. For the Year 1 objects, we present a catalog with positions, radii, and six-band integrated photometry. Along with a general characterization of the cluster luminosities and colors, we discuss the cluster luminosity function, the cluster size distributions, and highlight a number of individually interesting clusters found in the Year 1 search.

  14. Spatial variability in oceanic redox structure 1.8billion years ago

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Poulton, Simon W.; Fralick, Philip W.; Canfield, Donald E.

    2010-07-01

    The evolution of ocean chemistry during the Proterozoic eon (2.5-0.542 billion years ago) is thought to have played a central role in both the timing and rate of eukaryote evolution. The timing of the deposition of iron formations implies that, early in the Earth's history, oceans were predominantly anoxic and rich in dissolved iron. However, global deposition of iron formations ceased about 1.84 billion years ago. This termination indicates a major upheaval in ocean chemistry, but the precise nature of this change remains debated. Here we use iron and sulphur systematics to reconstruct oceanic redox conditions from the 1.88- to 1.83-billion-year-old Animikie group from the Superior region, North America. We find that surface waters were oxygenated, whereas at mid-depths, anoxic and sulphidic (euxinic) conditions extended over 100km from the palaeoshoreline. The spatial extent of euxinia varied through time, but deep ocean waters remained rich in dissolved iron. Widespread euxinia along continental margins would have removed dissolved iron from the water column through the precipitation of pyrite, which would have reduced the supply of dissolved iron and resulted in the global cessation of the deposition of `Superior-type' iron formations. We suggest that incursions of sulphide from the mid-depths into overlying oxygenated surface waters may have placed severe constraints on eukaryotic evolution.

  15. LOCAL INTERSTELLAR HYDROGEN'S DISAPPEARANCE AT 1 AU: FOUR YEARS OF IBEX IN THE RISING SOLAR CYCLE

    SciTech Connect

    Saul, Lukas; Rodriguez, Diego; Scheer, Juergen; Wurz, Peter; Bzowski, Maciej; Kubiak, Marzena; Sokol, Justina; Fuselier, Stephen; McComas, Dave; Moebius, Eberhard

    2013-04-20

    NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) mission has recently opened a new window on the interstellar medium (ISM) by imaging neutral atoms. One ''bright'' feature in the sky is the interstellar wind flowing into the solar system. Composed of remnants of stellar explosions as well as primordial gas and plasma, the ISM is by no means uniform. The interaction of the local ISM with the solar wind shapes our heliospheric environment with hydrogen being the dominant component of the very local ISM. In this paper, we report on direct sampling of the neutral hydrogen of the local ISM over four years of IBEX observations. The hydrogen wind observed at 1 AU has decreased and nearly disappeared as the solar activity has increased over the last four years; the signal at 1 AU has dropped off in 2012 by a factor of {approx}8 to near background levels. The longitudinal offset has also increased with time presumably due to greater radiation pressure deflecting the interstellar wind. We present longitudinal and latitudinal arrival direction measurements of the bulk flow as measured over four years beginning at near solar minimum conditions. The H distribution we observe at 1 AU is expected to be different from that outside the heliopause due to ionization, photon pressure, gravity, and filtration by interactions with heliospheric plasma populations. These observations provide an important benchmark for modeling of the global heliospheric interaction. Based on these observations we suggest a further course of scientific action to observe neutral hydrogen over a full solar cycle with IBEX.

  16. EO-1/Hyperion: Nearing Twelve Years of Successful Mission Science Operation and Future Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Middleton, Elizabeth M.; Campbell, Petya K.; Huemmrich, K. Fred; Zhang, Qingyuan; Landis, David R.; Ungar, Stephen G.; Ong, Lawrence; Pollack, Nathan H.; Cheng, Yen-Ben

    2012-01-01

    The Earth Observing One (EO-1) satellite is a technology demonstration mission that was launched in November 2000, and by July 2012 will have successfully completed almost 12 years of high spatial resolution (30 m) imaging operations from a low Earth orbit. EO-1 has two unique instruments, the Hyperion and the Advanced Land Imager (ALI). Both instruments have served as prototypes for NASA's newer satellite missions, including the forthcoming (in early 2013) Landsat-8 and the future Hyperspectral Infrared Imager (HyspIRI). As well, EO-1 is a heritage platform for the upcoming German satellite, EnMAP (2015). Here, we provide an overview of the mission, and highlight the capabilities of the Hyperion for support of science investigations, and present prototype products developed with Hyperion imagery for the HyspIRI and other space-borne spectrometers.

  17. Laboratory Tests Ordered By a Chiropractic Sports Physician on Elite Athletes Over a 1-Year Period

    PubMed Central

    Nabhan, Dustin C.; Moreau, William J.; Barylski, Chad

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this study is to describe and discuss laboratory tests ordered on elite athletes in an interdisciplinary sports medicine clinic by a doctor of chiropractic over 1 calendar year. Methods A retrospective review of laboratory tests ordered during routine clinical practice as standard screening and diagnostic tests from November 1, 2009, to November 1, 2010 was performed. Data were collected during clinical encounters at one sports medicine clinic and entered into a database for analysis. Descriptive and frequency statistics were used to describe the tests ordered and the frequency of abnormal findings. Results Five hundred and thirty-nine studies were ordered for diagnostic and routine screenings on 137 athlete patients (86 males, 51 females), representing 49 types of tests. Sample sources included blood, urine, skin lesions, and fecal matter. The most commonly ordered tests were complete blood count, comprehensive metabolic panel, serum ferritin, creatine kinase, serum iron and total iron binding capacity, total cortisol, thyroid stimulating hormone, and lipid panels. There were 217 studies (40%) flagged as abnormal by the reporting laboratory. Conclusion This report provides greater insight into the diverse array of laboratory studies ordered over a 1-year period for diagnosis and screening of elite athletes. A high percentage of the results were flagged as abnormal by the laboratory. These findings show that the unique physiology of the elite athlete must be considered when interpreting laboratory findings in this population. PMID:26257590

  18. Phase Fluctuations at Goldstone Derived from 1-Year Site Testing Interferometer Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nessel, James A.; Acosta, Roberto J.; Morabito, David D.

    2009-01-01

    A two-element site test interferometer has been deployed at the NASA Deep Space Network (DSN) tracking complex in Goldstone, California, since May 2007. The interferometer system consists of two offset-fed 1.2 m parabolic reflectors which monitor atmospheric-induced amplitude and phase fluctuations on an unmodulated beacon signal (20.199 GHz) broadcast from a geostationary satellite (Anik F2). The geometry of the satellite and the ground-based infrastructure imposes a 48.5 elevation angle with a separation distance of 256 m along an east-west baseline. The interferometer has been recording phase fluctuation data, to date, for 1 yr with an overall system availability of 95 percent. In this paper, we provide the cumulative distribution functions (CDFs) for 1 year of recorded data, including phase rms, spatial structure function exponent, and surface meteorological measurements: surface wind speed, relative humidity, temperature, barometric pressure, and rain rate. Correlation between surface measurements, phase rms, and amplitude rms at different time scales are discussed. For 1 year, phase fluctuations at the DSN site in Goldstone, are better than 23 for 90 percent of the time (at 48.5 elevation). This data will be used to determine the suitability of the Goldstone site as a location for the Next Generation Deep Space Network.

  19. Infectious complications more than 1 year after liver transplantation: a 3-decade nationwide experience.

    PubMed

    Aberg, F; Mäkisalo, H; Höckerstedt, K; Isoniemi, H

    2011-02-01

    Because few reports have addressed infections late (≥1 year) after liver transplantation (LT), we evaluated the incidence, risk factors and pathogens involved. Infection data were from the Finnish LT registry, with starting date, type and relevant pathogens for 501 Finnish adult LT patients surviving ≥1 year post-transplant. Follow-up end points were end of study, death or retransplantation. Logistic regression to assess risk factors was adjusted for age, gender and follow-up time. With 3923 person-years of follow-up, overall infection incidence was 66/1000 person-years; 155 (31%) suffered 259 infections, and two-thirds experienced only one infection. Cholangitis (20%), pneumonia (19%) and sepsis (14%) were most common. The most frequent bacteria were Enterococcus spp. and Escherichia coli, and the most frequent viruses cytomegalovirus and varicella zoster virus. Fungal infections were rare (n = 7). With 13 fatal infections, 17% of all late deaths involved infection. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and Roux-en-Y-type biliary anastomosis were associated with cholangitis; 18% of PSC patients suffered late cholangitis. Late acute rejection was associated with sepsis. Age, gender or cytomegalovirus did not significantly influence late infections. In conclusion, although infection risk under maintenance immunosuppression therapy is relatively low, particular vigilance regarding cholangitis, pneumonia and sepsis seems appropriate. PMID:21219571

  20. Sex differences in knee strength deficit 1year after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Do Kyung; Park, Won Hah

    2015-01-01

    [Purpose] Little is known about the outcome differences between men and women after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Therefore, the present study aimed to compare knee muscle strength between men and women 1year after ACL reconstruction. [Subjects and Methods] Retrospective and outcome study. Between 2012 and 2015, 35 males (mean age, 29.7 ± 010.7 years) and 35 females (mean age, 28.2 ± 11.3 years) who had undergone primary ACL reconstruction were recruited from Samsung medical centers. We assessed the strength deficit in the quadriceps (extensor) and hamstrings (flexor) at 60°/sec and 180°/sec with isokinetic testing equipment. Statistical analysis was conducted with a t-test to determine if sex differences existed in knee strength deficit. [Results] Significant differences were noted between men and women with respect to extensor muscle strength deficit. Women reported less extensor muscle strength than men did, at the angular velocities 60°/sec and 180°/sec. However, no significant sex differences were found at either velocity with respect to the strength deficit of the knee flexor muscles. [Conclusion] Compared to male patients, female patients reported significantly less extensor muscle strength and less improvement 1year after reconstruction. PMID:26834366

  1. Results of proximal gastric vagotomy over 1-5 years in a district general hospital.

    PubMed

    Makey, D A; Tovey, F I; Heald, R J

    1979-01-01

    One hundred and seventy-three underwent proximal gastric vagotomy for duodenal ulceration over a 6-year period. One hundred and fifteen of these have been followed up for 1-5 years. The operative mortality was nil and the result was satisfactory in 91 per cent. The incidence of side effects was small, notably that of dumping being 2.4 per cent and of diarrhoea, 3.6 per cent. Incidence of postoperative heartburn was reduced from 13 per cent to 4 per cent by the introduction of hepatic interposition. The incidence of recurrent ulceration was 5.1 per cent after an average interval of 2 years and that of new gastric ulceration 2.6 per cent after an average of 4 years. There were no recurrent ulcers in those who had peroperative Burge tests, although secretory studies showed no difference between those tested and those not tested. Most recurrences occurred in the earliest cases operated on before Burge testing was introduced and when only 2 cm of the lower oesophagus were exposed. PMID:420970

  2. Immediate Implant Placement in a Patient With Osteoporosis Undergoing Bisphosphonate Therapy: 1-Year Preliminary Prospective Study.

    PubMed

    Siebert, Tomas; Jurkovic, Richard; Statelova, Dagmar; Strecha, Juraj

    2015-07-01

    The purposes of this preliminary study are to assess the risk of developing bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in a patient with osteoporosis using zoledronic acid and to report the results of a 1-year prospective clinical study regarding 5 immediately inserted implants in the anterior mandible. For this comparative prospective study, 24 female patients, aged ≥54 years, were chosen, all with partially edentulous mandibles. Group A consisted of 12 patients with osteoporosis taking zoledronic acid receiving a once-yearly intravenous infusion of zoledronic acid (5 mg). Control group B consisted of 12 other patients without osteoporosis and not taking drugs. In both groups, the remaining teeth were extracted before 120 implants, 3.7-mm wide and 16-mm long, were immediately installed in the interforaminal region of the mandibles. The 1-year implant survival rate was 100%. No apparent necrotic bone was observed among patients receiving zoledronic acid (group A) after implant surgery. Immediate implant osseointegration can be successful in a patient with osteoporosis using bisphosphonates, suggesting the safety of implantology as a treatment modality. PMID:24041299

  3. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1 - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 668(a) provides that the total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed by...) of § 1.668(b)-2. (b) The total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed...

  4. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1 - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 668(a) provides that the total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed by...) of § 1.668(b)-2. (b) The total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed...

  5. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1 - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 668(a) provides that the total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed by...) of § 1.668(b)-2. (b) The total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed...

  6. 26 CFR 1.668(a)-1 - Amounts treated as received in prior taxable years; inclusion in gross income.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 668(a) provides that the total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed by...) of § 1.668(b)-2. (b) The total of the amounts treated under section 666 as having been distributed...

  7. Breastfeeding and dietary variety among preterm children aged 1-3 years.

    PubMed

    Husk, Jesse S; Keim, Sarah A

    2016-04-01

    Among infants born at term, breastfeeding is associated with increased dietary variety in childhood. Preterm birth can limit early feeding options while simultaneously increasing risk for negative health outcomes that could benefit from dietary-based preventative measures. We assessed whether breastfeeding is associated with increased dietary variety at 1-3 years amongst children born preterm. We analyzed baseline data from two clinical trials investigating cognitive development after fatty-acid supplementation for 10-39 month-old children born before 35 weeks gestation (n = 189). At baseline, mothers reported breastfeeding history and completed a 161-item food-frequency questionnaire for their child. Dietary variety was assessed via 3 measures: (1) proportion items consumed at least once per month, (2) servings of a given item consumed relative to total monthly food servings, (3) daily probability of consuming a given item. Overall, 88% of children were ever breastfed (median duration = 89 days, range = 0-539), and 48% of children were ever exclusively breastfed (median duration = 59 days, range = 3-240). Exclusive breastfeeding duration was associated with dietary variety increases of 0.9% (95% CI = 0.1-1.7) for vegetables, 1.6% (95% CI = 0.2-3.0) for meat/fish, and 1.3% (95% CI = 0.2-2.4) for grain/starch, for each additional month of exclusive breastfeeding after adjustment for key confounders. Correspondingly, the variety of sweets consumed decreased by 1.2% (CI: -2.1, -0.3) per month of any breastfeeding after adjustment. These results are consistent with those in children born at term, and if causal, could provide additional support for exclusive breastfeeding to improve diet and health in children born preterm. PMID:26792771

  8. Joint Launch + One Year Science Review of USML-1 and USMP-1 with the Microgravity Measurement Group. Volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramachandran, N. (Editor); Frazier, D. O. (Editor); Lehoczky, S. L. (Editor); Baugher, C. R. (Editor)

    1994-01-01

    On September 22-24, 1993, investigators from the First United States Microgravity Laboratory (USML-1) and the First United States Microgravity Payload (USMP-1) Missions met with the Microgravity Measurement Group (MGMG) in Huntsville, Alabama, to discuss science results and the microgravity environments from the respective missions. USML-1 was launched June 1992, and USMP-1 was launched October 1992. This document summarizes from the various investigations, the comprehensive results and highlights, and also serves as a combined mission report for the two missions. USML-1 was the first totally U.S.-sponsored mission dedicated to microgravity research and included 31 investigations in fluid dynamics, crystal growth, combustion, biotechnology, and technology demonstrations supported by 11 facilities. The papers in these proceedings attest to the wealth of information gleaned from the highly successful mission. On the USMP-1 mission, both the MEPHISTO and the Lambda Point experiments exceeded by over 100% their planned science objectives. The mission also marked the first time that acceleration data were down-linked and analyzed in real-time. The meeting, which concentrated on flight results, brought low-gravity investigators, accelerometer designers, and acceleration data analysis experts together. This format facilitated a tremendous amount of information exchange between these varied groups. Several of the experimenters showed results, sane for the very first time, of the effects of residual accelerations on their experiment. The proceedings which are published in two volumes also contain transcriptions of the discussion periods following talks and also submittals from a simultaneous poster session.

  9. Site systems engineering fiscal year 1999 multi-year work plan (MYWP) update for WBS 1.8.2.2

    SciTech Connect

    GRYGIEL, M.L.

    1998-10-08

    Manage the Site Systems Engineering process to provide a traceable integrated requirements-driven, and technically defensible baseline. Through the Site Integration Group(SIG), Systems Engineering ensures integration of technical activities across all site projects. Systems Engineering's primary interfaces are with the RL Project Managers, the Project Direction Office and with the Project Major Subcontractors, as well as with the Site Planning organization. Systems Implementation: (1) Develops, maintains, and controls the site integrated technical baseline, ensures the Systems Engineering interfaces between projects are documented, and maintain the Site Environmental Management Specification. (2) Develops and uses dynamic simulation models for verification of the baseline and analysis of alternatives. (3) Performs and documents fictional and requirements analyses. (4) Works with projects, technology management, and the SIG to identify and resolve technical issues. (5) Supports technical baseline information for the planning and budgeting of the Accelerated Cleanup Plan, Multi-Year Work Plans, Project Baseline Summaries as well as performance measure reporting. (6) Works with projects to ensure the quality of data in the technical baseline. (7) Develops, maintains and implements the site configuration management system.

  10. Estimating the magnitude of annual peak discharges with recurrence intervals between 1.1 and 3.0 years for rural, unregulated streams in West Virginia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Wiley, Jeffrey B.; Atkins, John T.; Newell, Dawn A.

    2002-01-01

    Multiple and simple least-squares regression models for the log10-transformed 1.5- and 2-year recurrence intervals of peak discharges with independent variables describing the basin characteristics (log10-transformed and untransformed) for 236 streamflow-gaging stations were evaluated, and the regression residuals were plotted as areal distributions that defined three regions in West Virginia designated as East, North, and South. Regional equations for the 1.1-, 1.2-, 1.3-, 1.4-, 1.5-, 1.6-, 1.7-, 1.8-, 1.9-, 2.0-, 2.5-, and 3-year recurrence intervals of peak discharges were determined by generalized least-squares regression. Log10-transformed drainage area was the most significant independent variable for all regions. Equations developed in this study are applicable only to rural, unregulated streams within the boundaries of West Virginia. The accuracies of estimating equations are quantified by measuring the average prediction error (from 27.4 to 52.4 percent) and equivalent years of record (from 1.1 to 3.4 years).

  11. Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 and its host interaction: a dozen years after the genome.

    PubMed

    van den Nieuwboer, Maurits; van Hemert, Saskia; Claassen, Eric; de Vos, Willem M

    2016-07-01

    Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 is one of the best studied Lactobacilli, notably as its genome was unravelled over 12 years ago. L. plantarum WCFS1 can be grown to high densities, is amenable to genetic transformation and highly robust with a relatively high survival rate during the gastrointestinal passage. In this review, we present and discuss the main insights provided by the functional genomics research on L. plantarum WCFS1 with specific attention for the molecular mechanisms related to its interaction with the human host and its potential to modify the immune system, and induce other health-related benefits. Whereas most insight has been gained in mouse and other model studies, only five human studies have been reported with L. plantarum WCFS1. Hence NCIMB 8826 (the parental strain of L. plantarum WCFS1) in human trials as to capitalize on the wealth of knowledge that is summarized here. PMID:27231133

  12. Analysis of DAX1 (NR0B1) and steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1/Ad4BP, NR5A1) in children and adults with primary adrenal failure: ten years' experience

    PubMed Central

    Lin, Lin; Gu, Wen-Xia; Ozisik, Gokhan; To, Wing S.; Owen, Catherine J.; Jameson, J. Larry; Achermann, John C.

    2007-01-01

    Context Primary adrenal failure is a life-threatening condition that can be caused by a range of etiologies, including autoimmune, metabolic, and developmental disorders. The nuclear receptors DAX1 (NR0B1) and steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1/Ad4BP, NR5A1) play an important role in adrenal development and function, and mutations in these transcription factors have been found in patients with adrenal hypoplasia. Objective To investigate the prevalence of DAX1 and SF1 mutations in children and adults with primary adrenal failure of unknown etiology (i.e., not caused by congenital adrenal hyperplasia, adrenoleukodystrophy, autoimmune disease). Patients One-hundred and seventeen patients were included. Eighty-eight individuals presented in infancy or childhood with adrenal hypoplasia or primary adrenal failure of unknown etiology (n=64, 46,XY phenotypic males; n=17, 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis/impaired androgenization; n=7, 46,XX females). Twenty-nine individuals presented in adulthood with “Addison disease” of unknown etiology. Methods Mutational analysis of DAX1 (NR0B1) (including exon 2α/1A) and SF1 (NR5A1) by direct sequencing. Results DAX1 mutations were found in 58% (37/64) of 46,XY phenotypic boys referred with adrenal hypoplasia, and in all boys (8/8) with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and a family history suggestive of adrenal failure in males. SF1 mutations causing adrenal failure were found only in two patients with 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. No DAX1 or SF1 mutations were identified in the adult-onset group. Conclusions DAX1 mutations are a relatively frequent cause of adrenal failure in this group of boys. SF1 mutations causing adrenal failure in humans are rare and are more likely to be associated with significant underandrogenization and gonadal dysfunction in 46,XY individuals. PMID:16684822

  13. Smoking in pregnancy and children's mental and motor development at age 1 and 5 years.

    PubMed

    Trasti, N; Vik, T; Jacobsen, G; Bakketeig, L S

    1999-06-01

    We used data from a Scandinavian prospective multicenter study to investigate if smoking in pregnancy may have an adverse effect on the child's mental and motor abilities. Eligible for enrolment were para I and 2 women with a singleton pregnancy, who resided in one of the study areas and could be registered before the 20th gestational week. Women were classified as 'smokers' or 'non-smokers' at study start. At 13 months, 376 children (124 children of smokers) were evaluated with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development. At this age, children of smokers and non-smokers performed equally well. At 5 years, 369 children (132 children of smokers) were tested with the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scales of Intelligence Revised (WPPSI-R), and 362 children with the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales (PDMS). Children of smokers had an increased risk of getting a WPPSI-R score below the median value of the population (OR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.2-3.3), but the risk was reduced when we adjusted for maternal education (OR = 1.6, 95% CI: 0.9-3.7). Children of smokers had an increased risk of getting a test score below the median population value on the subscale 'balance' from PDMS (OR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.2-2.8). Thus, we found that smoking in pregnancy was associated with a small, but demonstrable adverse effect on the child's balance at 5 years, whereas the negative effect on cognitive function did not reach statistical significance, when we adjusted for the mother's level of education. PMID:10390089

  14. Robot-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty: minimum 1-year follow-up

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Patel, Vipul; Thaly, Rahul; Shah, Ketul

    2007-02-01

    Objectives: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has been shown to have a success rate comparable to that of the open surgical approach. However, the steep learning curve has hindered its acceptance into mainstream urologic practice. The introduction of robotic assistance provides advantages that have the potential to facilitate precise dissection and intracorporeal suturing. Methods: A total of 50 patients underwent robotic-assisted laparoscopic dismembered pyeloplasty. A four-trocar technique was used. Most patients were discharged home on day 1, with stent removal at 3 weeks. Patency of the ureteropelvic junction was assessed in all patients with mercaptotriglycylglycine Lasix renograms at 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, then every 6 months for 1 year, and then yearly. Results: Each patient underwent a successful procedure without open conversion or transfusion. The average estimated blood loss was 40 ml. The operative time averaged 122 minutes (range 60 to 330) overall. Crossing vessels were present in 30% of the patients and were preserved in all cases. The time for the anastomosis averaged 20 minutes (range 10 to 100). Intraoperatively, no complications occurred. Postoperatively, the average hospital stay was 1.1 days. The stents were removed at an average of 20 days (range 14 to 28) postoperatively. The average follow-up was 11.7 months; at the last follow-up visit, each patient was doing well. Of the 50 patients, 48 underwent one or more renograms, demonstrating stable renal function, improved drainage, and no evidence of recurrent obstruction. Conclusions: Robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyeloplasty is a feasible technique for ureteropelvic junction reconstruction. The procedure provides a minimally invasive alternative with good short-term results.

  15. 200-BP-1 Prototype Hanford Barrier -- 15 Years of Performance Monitoring

    SciTech Connect

    Ward, Anderson L.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Link, Steven O.; Clayton, Ray E.

    2011-09-30

    Monitoring is an essential component of engineered barrier system design and operation. A composite capacitive cover, including a capillary break and an evapotranspiration (ET) barrier at the Hanford Site, is generating data that can be used to help resolve these issues. The prototype Hanford barrier was constructed over the 216-B-57 Crib in 1994 to evaluate surface-barrier constructability, construction costs, and physical and hydrologic performance at the field scale. The barrier has been routinely monitored between November 1994 and September 1998 as part of a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) treatability test of barrier performance for the 200 BP 1 Operable Unit. Since FY 1998, monitoring has focused on a more limited set of key water balance, stability, and biotic parameters. In FY 2009, data collection was focused on: (1) water-balance monitoring, consisting of precipitation, runoff, soil moisture storage, and drainage measurements with evapotranspiration calculated by difference; (2) stability monitoring, consisting of asphalt-layer-settlement, basalt-side-slope-stability, and surface-elevation measurements; (3) vegetation dynamics; and (4) animal use. September 2009 marked 15 years since the start of monitoring and the collection of performance data. This report describes the results of monitoring activities during the period October 1, 2008, through September 30, 2009, and summarizes the 15 years of performance data collected from September 1994 through September 2009.

  16. Mechanical Properties of Cranial Bones and Sutures in 1–2-Year-Old Infants

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jiawen; Zou, Donghua; Li, Zhengdong; Huang, Ping; Li, Dongri; Shao, Yu; Wang, Huijun; Chen, Yijiu

    2014-01-01

    Background The mechanical properties of 1–2-year-old pediatric cranial bones and sutures and their influential factors were studied to better understand how the pediatric calvarium reacts to loading. Material/Methods Cranial bone and suture specimens were extracted from seven fresh-frozen human infant cadavers (1.5±0.5 years old). Eight specimens were obtained from each subject: two frontal bones, two parietal bones, two sagittal suture samples, and two coronal suture samples. The specimens were tested in a three-point bend setup at 1.5 mm/s. The mechanical properties, such as ultimate stress, elastic modulus, and ultimate strain, were calculated for each specimen. Results The ultimate stress and elastic modulus of the frontal bone were higher than those of the parietal bone (P<0.05). No differences were found between the coronal and sagittal sutures in ultimate stress, elastic modulus, or ultimate strain (P>0.05). The ultimate stress and elastic modulus of the frontal and parietal bones were higher than those of the sagittal and coronal sutures (P<0.05), whereas the opposite ultimate strain findings were revealed (P<0.05). Conclusions There was no significant difference in ultimate stress, elastic modulus, or ultimate strain between the sagittal and coronal sutures. However, there were significant differences in ultimate stress, elastic modulus, and ultimate strain between the frontal and parietal bones as well as between the cranial bones and sutures. PMID:25279966

  17. Tennessee health studies agreement. Annual report for year 4, January 1--December 31, 1995

    SciTech Connect

    1996-04-01

    The Tennessee Department of Health (TDH) has completed the fourth full year of the Oak Ridge Health Studies Agreement grant. This report summarizes the accomplishments and concerns of the State for the period January 1, 1995, to December 31, 1995. The focus of work during the fourth grant year was the actual work on the dose reconstruction. The final work plan for Task 5, Plan to Perform a Systematic Document Search was received in November 1994. Final work plans for Task 1, Investigation of Radioiodine from Radioactive Lanthanum Processing; Task 2, Investigation of Mercury Releases from Lithium Enrichment; Task 3, Investigation of Releases of PCBs from Oak Ridge Facilities; and Task 4, Investigation of Releases of Radionuclides from White Oak Creek to the Clinch River, were received in February 1995. Final work plans for Task 6, Investigation of the Quality of Historical Uranium Effluent Monitoring at Oak Ridge Facilities; and Task 7, Additional Screening of Materials Not Evaluated in the Dose Reconstruction Feasibility Study, were received in April 1995. ChemRisk`s 4th Quarterly Report, for October through December 1995, is included in Attachment 1. Attachment 2 contains a study which developed a quality improvement program for data imported to the Tennessee Cancer Reporting System and Birth Defects Verification Program.

  18. Earliest Porotic Hyperostosis on a 1.5-Million-Year-Old Hominin, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel; Pickering, Travis Rayne; Diez-Martín, Fernando; Mabulla, Audax; Musiba, Charles; Trancho, Gonzalo; Baquedano, Enrique; Bunn, Henry T.; Barboni, Doris; Santonja, Manuel; Uribelarrea, David; Ashley, Gail M.; Martínez-Ávila, María del Sol; Barba, Rebeca; Gidna, Agness; Yravedra, José; Arriaza, Carmen

    2012-01-01

    Meat-eating was an important factor affecting early hominin brain expansion, social organization and geographic movement. Stone tool butchery marks on ungulate fossils in several African archaeological assemblages demonstrate a significant level of carnivory by Pleistocene hominins, but the discovery at Olduvai Gorge of a child's pathological cranial fragments indicates that some hominins probably experienced scarcity of animal foods during various stages of their life histories. The child's parietal fragments, excavated from 1.5-million-year-old sediments, show porotic hyperostosis, a pathology associated with anemia. Nutritional deficiencies, including anemia, are most common at weaning, when children lose passive immunity received through their mothers' milk. Our results suggest, alternatively, that (1) the developmentally disruptive potential of weaning reached far beyond sedentary Holocene food-producing societies and into the early Pleistocene, or that (2) a hominin mother's meat-deficient diet negatively altered the nutritional content of her breast milk to the extent that her nursing child ultimately died from malnourishment. Either way, this discovery highlights that by at least 1.5 million years ago early human physiology was already adapted to a diet that included the regular consumption of meat. PMID:23056303

  19. Enhancing Coparenting, Parenting, and Child Self-Regulation: Effects of Family Foundations 1 Year after Birth

    PubMed Central

    Feinberg, Mark E.; Kan, Marni L.; Goslin, Megan C.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated whether a psycho-educational program with modest dosage (eight sessions), delivered in a universal framework through childbirth education programs and targeting the coparenting relationship would have a positive impact on observed family interaction and child behavior at 6-month follow-up (child age 1 year). One hundred sixty-nine couples, randomized to intervention and control conditions, participated in videotaped family observation tasks at pretest (during pregnancy) and at child age 1 year (2003–2007). Coparenting, parenting, couple relationship, and child self-regulatory behaviors were coded by teams of raters. Intent-to-treat analyses of program effects controlled for age, education, and social desirability. Evidence of significant (p<0.05) program effects at follow-up emerged in all four domains. Effect sizes ranged from 0.28 to 1.01. Targeting the coparenting relationship at the transition to parenthood represents an effective, non-stigmatizing means of promoting parenting quality and child adjustment. PMID:19381809

  20. Job embeddedness factors and retention of nurses with 1 to 3 years of experience.

    PubMed

    Halfer, Diana

    2011-10-01

    An aging work force, predictions of job growth in health care, and an eventual economic recovery suggest that the current reprieve from the national nursing shortage is temporary. New graduate nurses are an important part of the work force and are needed to replace nurses who will retire in the next decade. Organizational leaders can address the forecasted work force demand by proactively investing in programs for workplace development and retention. Recent literature reports an increased focus on understanding the work experience and career support needed for new graduate nurses. Several studies report improvements in job satisfaction and retention after implementation of structured mentoring programs for new graduate nurses. However, despite successful transition programs, turnover for these same nurses after 1 to 3 years of organizational tenure remains high. Studying factors that contribute to retention and supporting careers beyond the first year of practice may have a significant effect on improving retention and will contribute new knowledge to the nursing literature. This study, undertaken at a Midwestern pediatric academic medical center, examined job factors and career development support that lead to retention of nurses with 1 to 3 years of experience. Understanding these issues may guide nursing leaders and staff development educators in investing in focused retention and career development plans during an economic recession. PMID:21667873