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Sample records for 12n 12b-aktivatsionnogo detektirovaniya

  1. Particle decay of proton-unbound levels in 12N

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chipps, K. A.; Pain, S. D.; Greife, U.; Kozub, R. L.; Nesaraja, C. D.; Smith, M. S.; Bardayan, D. W.; Kontos, A.; Linhardt, L. E.; Matos, M.; Pittman, S. T.; Thompson, P.; Jensa Collaboration

    2017-04-01

    Background: Transfer reactions are a useful tool for studying nuclear structure, particularly in the regime of low level densities and strong single-particle strengths. In addition, transfer reactions can populate levels above particle decay thresholds, allowing for the possibility of studying the subsequent decays and furthering our understanding of the nuclei being probed. In particular, the decay of loosely bound nuclei such as 12N can help inform and improve structure models. Purpose: To learn about the decay of excited states in 12N, to more generally inform nuclear structure models, particularly in the case of particle-unbound levels in low-mass systems which are within the reach of state-of-the-art ab initio calculations. Method: In this follow-up analysis of previously published data [Chipps et al. (JENSA Collaboration), Phys. Rev. C 92, 034325 (2015)], 10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034325, decay particles from excited states populated in 12N have been detected in coincidence with tritons from the 14N(p ,t )12N transfer reaction. Specifically, decay protons from proton-unbound levels above ˜2 MeV excitation energy were observed by utilizing the Jet Experiments in Nuclear Structure and Astrophysics (JENSA) gas jet target. Results: Isotropic proton branching ratios for the p 0 and p 1 decay channels are calculated and decay particle spectra for the populated levels from p 0 , p 1 , and p 2 decay are given. Conclusions: The current data from 14N(p ,t )12N will help provide nuclear structure and decay information input to models in this mass region.

  2. Determination of the astrophysical 12N(p,γ)13O reaction rate from the 2H(12N,13O)n reaction and its astrophysical implications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, B.; Su, J.; Li, Z. H.; Wang, Y. B.; Yan, S. Q.; Li, Y. J.; Shu, N. C.; Han, Y. L.; Bai, X. X.; Chen, Y. S.; Liu, W. P.; Yamaguchi, H.; Binh, D. N.; Hashimoto, T.; Hayakawa, S.; Kahl, D.; Kubono, S.; He, J. J.; Hu, J.; Xu, S. W.; Iwasa, N.; Kume, N.; Li, Z. H.

    2013-01-01

    The evolution of massive stars with very low-metallicities depends critically on the amount of CNO nuclides which they produce. The 12N(p,γ)13O reaction is an important branching point in the rap processes, which are believed to be alternative paths to the slow 3α process for producing CNO seed nuclei and thus could change the fate of massive stars. In the present work, the angular distribution of the 2H(12N, 13O)n proton transfer reaction at Ec.m.=8.4 MeV has been measured for the first time. Based on the Johnson-Soper approach, the square of the asymptotic normalization coefficient (ANC) for the virtual decay of 13Og.s. → 12N+p was extracted to be 3.92±1.47 fm-1 from the measured angular distribution and utilized to compute the direct component in the 12N(p,γ)13O reaction. The direct astrophysical S factor at zero energy was then found to be 0.39±0.15 keV b. By considering the direct capture into the ground state of 13O, the resonant capture via the first excited state of 13O and their interference, we determined the total astrophysical S factors and rates of the 12N(p,γ)13O reaction. The new rate is two orders of magnitude slower than that from the REACLIB compilation. Our reaction network calculations with the present rate imply that 12N(p,γ)13O will only compete successfully with the β+ decay of 12N at higher (˜2 orders of magnitude) densities than initially predicted.

  3. Effect of carbon doping on polarizability and second hyperpolarizability of B 12 N 12 cage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yaghobi, M.

    2014-03-01

    Static and frequency dependent nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of B 12 N 12, B 12 N 11 C and B 11 N 12 C cages are investigated by using B3LYP/6-31G* density functional level of theory and sum-over-state approach. Numerical results show that substitutional doping of B 12 N 12 molecule can greatly change the polarizabilities and second hyperpolarizabilities values of B 12 N 12 cage. Highest peaks in second hyperpolarizabilities spectra for B 12 N 12, B 12 N 11 C and B 11 N 12 C cages are located at 3 ω = 6.9, 5.8 and 2.16 eV, respectively. Also, highest peak value of second hyperpolarizabilities for B 11 N 12 C is about 16 and 72 times larger than these for B 12 N 11 C and B 12 N 12 cages, respectively. These results are important to experimentalists for designing new NLO materials with large NLO responses.

  4. Nuclear Structure and Magnetic Moment of the Unstable 12B-12N Mirror Pair

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zheng, Yong-Nan; Zhou, Dong-Mei; Yuan, Da-Qing; Zuo, Yi; Fan, Ping; Mihara, M.; Matsuta, K.; Fukuda, M.; Minamisono, T.; Suzuki, T.; Xu, Yong-Jun; Zhu, Jia-Zheng; Wang, Zhi-Qiang; Luo, Hai-Long; Zhang, Xi-Zhen; Zhu, Sheng-Yun

    2010-02-01

    Magnetic moments of the A = 12 unstable mirror pair nuclides 12B and 12N have been measured by the β- NMR, technique. The experimentally measured magnetic moments are μ(12B) = 1.001(17)μN and μ(12N) = 0.4571(1)μN The improved shell model using an SFO Hamiltonian with enhanced spin-isospin monopole proton-neutron interaction and modified single-particle energies is employed to calculate the magnetic moments of 12B and 12N. The calculation yields μ(12B) = 0.929μN and μ(12N) = 0.452μN and has produced a new magic number 6 for the short-lived unstable mirror pair nuclides 12B and 12N.

  5. The Study Of Excited States In 12N With Radioactive Ion Beams From BEARS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Galindo-Uribarri, A.; Gomez Del Campo, J.; Larochelle, Y.; Liang, F.; Shapira, D.; Varner, R.; Wiescher, M. C.; Powell, J.; Cerny, J.; McMahan, M. A.; O'Neil, J. P.

    2003-03-01

    Radioactive ion beams of 55 MeV 11C from the BEARS project at LBNL and a thick-target technique were used to study resonant states in 12N. With a reaction in inverse kinematics an excitation function of elastic scattering cross section was measured in a single exposure covering the center of mass energy range between 300 keV to 1100 keV. The elastic scattering reaction 11C(p,p)11C is related to the reaction 11C(p,γ)12N, an important branch point in the hot pp chains and a determinant of the evolution of supermassive stars. The data was analyzed using the R-matrix code MULTI. Preliminary results suggests that the first excited state in 12N (0.96 MeV) might play a more important role in determining the 11C(p,γ)12N reaction rate than previously believed.

  6. Lusztig symmetries and Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt basis for wUr,sd(osp(1|2n))

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Junli; Yang, Shilin

    2013-12-01

    We investigate a new kind of two-parameter weak quantized superalgebra {wU}_{r, s}d(osp(1|2n)), which is a weak Hopf superalgebra. It has a homomorphic image which is isomorphic to the usual two-parameter quantum superalgebra {U}_{r,s}({osp}(1|2n)) of {osp}(1|2n). We also discuss the basis of {wU}_{r, s}d(osp(1|2n)) by Lusztig's symmetries.

  7. Charge topology of the coherent dissociation of relativistic 11C and 12N nuclei

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Artemenkov, D. A.; Bradnova, V.; Zaitsev, A. A.; Zarubin, P. I.; Zarubina, I. G.; Kattabekov, R. R.; Kornegrutsa, N. K.; Mamatkulov, K. Z.; Rukoyatkin, P. A.; Rusakova, V. V.; Stanoeva, R.

    2015-09-01

    The charge topology of coherent-dissociation events is presented for 11С and 12N nuclei of energy 1.2 GeV per nucleon bombarding nuclear track emulsions. This topology is compared with respective data for 7Be, 8,10B, 9,10C, and 14N nuclei.

  8. Remove of toxic pyridine from environmental systems by using B12N12 nano-cage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baei, Mohammad T.

    2013-06-01

    Adsorption of pyridine by using density functional theory calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G* level on B12N12 nano-cage in terms of energetic, geometric, and electronic properties was investigated. The pyridine prefers to adsorb via its nitrogen atom on the Lewis acid sites of B atoms of the nano-cage, releasing energy of 30.46 kcal/mol with a significant NBO charge transfers of 0.35|e| from the pyridine to the nano-cage. On the basis of calculated density of states, the electronic properties of the B12N12 nano-cage are strongly changed upon the pyridine adsorption. It is indicating that the electronic properties of the B12N12 nano-cage are very sensitive to the pyridine molecule. Presence of polar solvent increases the pyridine adsorption on the nano-cage. Based on calculated results, the B12N12 nano-cage is expected to be a potential efficient adsorbent for adsorption of toxic pyridine in environmental systems.

  9. Charge topology of the coherent dissociation of relativistic {sup 11}C and {sup 12}N nuclei

    SciTech Connect

    Artemenkov, D. A.; Bradnova, V.; Zaitsev, A. A.; Zarubin, P. I. Zarubina, I. G.; Kattabekov, R. R.; Kornegrutsa, N. K.; Mamatkulov, K. Z.; Rukoyatkin, P. A.; Rusakova, V. V.; Stanoeva, R.

    2015-09-15

    The charge topology of coherent-dissociation events is presented for {sup 11}C and {sup 12}N nuclei of energy 1.2 GeV per nucleon bombarding nuclear track emulsions. This topology is compared with respective data for {sup 7}Be, {sup 8,10}B, {sup 9,10}C, and {sup 14}N nuclei.

  10. Measurement of the beta spectral shapes of sup 12 B and sup 12 N

    SciTech Connect

    Camp, J.B. )

    1990-04-01

    The spectral shapes of the {sup 12}B and {sup 12}N beta decays have been measured with a beta spectrograph specifically designed to examine the spectral effect of weak magnetism. Writing the weak magnetism correction to the beta spectra as (1+{alpha}{sub {plus minus}}{ital E}) we find the difference {alpha}{sub {minus}}{minus}{alpha}{sub +}=(1.24{plus minus}0.42)%/MeV, in agreement with the conserved vector current prediction.

  11. Methylamine adsorption and decomposition on B12N12 nanocage: A density functional theory study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esrafili, Mehdi D.; Nurazar, Roghaye

    2014-08-01

    Density functional theory calculations are performed to investigate the adsorption and decomposition of methylamine (CH3NH2) on the surface of a B12N12 fullerene-like nanocage. Two adsorption types and two reaction channels are identified. It is found that the electrical conductivity of the nanocage can be modified upon the adsorption of CH3NH2. The pathways of CH3NH2 decomposition via bond scission of the Csbnd N and Nsbnd H bonds are examined. The results indicate that Nsbnd H bond scission is the most favorable pathway on the B12N12 surface. The side reaction that generates CH3 and NH2 fragments is endothermic by 15.6 kcal/mol with an energy-barrier height of 81.5 kcal/mol. For the CH3NH2 decomposition on the B12N12 surface, the rate-determining step appears to be as the following reaction: CH3NH → CH3N + H.

  12. Fe-DOPED Ga12N12 CLUSTERS: ELECTRONIC AND MAGNETIC PROPERTIES

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Pengfei; Wu, Chengjie; Cong, Zixiang; Li, Yiluan; Zhang, Xianlong; Yu, Zhongyuan; Cao, Huawei

    2013-12-01

    In this paper, we have investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of Ga12N12 cluster doped with monodoped and bidoped Fe atoms within the density functional theory (DFT). Substitutional, exohedral and endohedral doping are considered. It is observed that both monodoped and bidoped clusters tend to be in exohedral doping. Mulliken population analysis is performed to obtain the charge transfer and magnetic moment. The magnetic moment is mainly derived from 3d orbitals of Fe atom for all isomers, while the magnetic properties would rely on the Fe-Fe distance.

  13. New information on 12C states from the decays of 12N and 12B

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fynbo, H. O. U.; Bergmann, U. C.; Borge, M. J. G.; Dendooven, P.; Diget, C. Aa.; Huang, W.; Huikari, J.; Jeppesen, H.; Jonson, B.; Jones, P.; Meister, M.; Nyman, G.; Prezado, Y.; Riisager, K.; Storgaard Vogelius, I.; Tengblad, O.; Wang, Y.; Weissman, L.; Wilhelmsen Rolander, K.; Äystö, J.

    2003-05-01

    The properties of states in 12C above the 3α-threshold are of high current interest for nuclear astrophysics and for the nuclear many-body problem in general. We have initiated a series of experiments aimed at elucidating this region by using the β-decays of 12N and 12B. By applying the ISOL method for producing these radioactive isotopes, in combination with modern segmented charged particle detectors, our approach has significant advantages over previous studies of this region.

  14. Geology, geophysics, and physical properties of the U12n.25 non-proliferation experiment site

    SciTech Connect

    Baldwin, M.J.; Bradford, R.P.; Hopkins, S.P.

    1994-12-31

    The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Experiment was conducted in the U12n.25 drift in N-Tunnel at the Nevada Test Site. The geologic characterization of the site was performed by Raytheon Services Nevada geologists in the standard manner used for all underground nuclear weapons-effects tests executed by the Defense Nuclear Agency. The U12n.25 test bed was constructed in zeolitized ash-fall tuff of the Tunnel Beds Tuff, Subunit 4K, 389.0 m below the surface of Rainier Mesa. The structural geology of the site was simple, with the nearest fault plane projected to be 12 m below the mined cavity at closest approach, and an average bedding dip of seven degrees to the northwest. The cavity excavation revealed several small fractures, including one which produced minor amounts of free water during construction. The physical properties of the site were well within the range of experience for the zeolitized tuff of N-Tunnel and no geology-related problems were encountered during construction. The zeolitized tuff of N-Tunnel has been the site of twenty nuclear tests conducted by the Defense Nuclear Agency. The similarities of geologic setting, site geometry, and physical properties allow many comparisons of Non-Proliferation Experiment results with the large nuclear-test data base.

  15. The interstellar (C-12)N/(C-13)N ratio toward Zeta Persei

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, Mary E.; Wright, Edward L.; Hawkins, Isabel

    1991-01-01

    High-resolution, high signal-to-noise observations of interstellar CN toward Zeta Per are performed to determine the C-12/C-13 isotope ratio in this line of sight. Observations of (C-12)N/(C-13)N in several diffuse clouds are performed to assess whether CN suffers from isotope-selective effects. Values are obtained which are higher than the value toward Zeta Oph determined by Crane and Hegyi (1988) and lower than the results toward the more reddened stars HD 21483 obtained by Meyer et al. (1989) and Palazzi et al. (1990). Theory and observations indicate the existence of a spatial C-12/C-13 gradient which decreases toward the Galactic center at an approximate rate of 12 percent/kpc at the distance of the solar radius. It is argued that since a gradient of this character cannot explain the CN results, isotope-selective effects provide a more likely explanation for the large range in (C-12)N/(C-13)N ratios.

  16. Upscattering of ultracold neutrons from the polymer [C6H12]n

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharapov, E. I.; Morris, C. L.; Makela, M.; Saunders, A.; Adamek, Evan R.; Broussard, L. J.; Cude-Woods, C. B.; Fellers, Deion E.; Geltenbort, Peter; Hartl, M.; Hasan, S. I.; Hickerson, K. P.; Hogan, G.; Holley, A. T.; Lavelle, C. M.; Liu, Chen-Yu; Mendenhall, M. P.; Ortiz, J.; Pattie, R. W., Jr.; Phillips, D. G., II; Ramsey, J.; Salvat, D. J.; Seestrom, S. J.; Shaw, E.; Sjue, Sky; Sondheim, W. E.; VornDick, B.; Wang, Z.; Womack, T. L.; Young, A. R.; Zeck, B. A.

    2013-12-01

    It is generally accepted that the main cause of ultracold neutron (UCN) losses in storage traps is upscattering to the thermal energy range by hydrogen adsorbed on the surface of the trap walls. However, the data on which this conclusion is based are poor and contradictory. Here we report a measurement, performed at the Los Alamos National Laboratory UCN source, of the average energy of the flux of upscattered neutrons after the interaction of UCN with hydrogen bound in the semicrystalline polymer PMP (trade name TPX), [C6H12]n. Our analysis, performed with the mcnp code which applies the neutron-scattering law to UCN upscattered by bound hydrogen in semicrystalline polyethylene, [C2H4]n, leads us to a flux average energy value of 26±3 meV, in contradiction to previously reported experimental values of 10 to 13 meV and in agreement with the theoretical models of neutron heating implemented in mcnp.

  17. Silicon-doping makes the B12N12 insulator to an n or p-semiconductor

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baei, Mohammad T.; Hashemian, Saeedeh; Yourdkhani, Sirous

    2013-08-01

    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to investigate the electronic and structural properties of pristine and Si-doped B12N12 fullerene in SiB and SiN models in order to evaluate the influence of Si doping on B12N12 fullerene. The optimized structures, structural parameters, dipole moments, binding energies, energy gaps, Fermi level energies (EFL), work function (Φ), and chemical shifts have been evaluated for the pristine and two Si-doped B12N12 fullerene structures. It was found that the values of energy gap and work function of the SiB and SiN models are decreased, so that the B12N12 insulator converts to an n or p-semiconductor in the SiB and SiN models. Also, a better value of binding energy was obtained for the SiB model in comparison with the SiN model. The evaluation of chemical shifts indicated that the doped Si atom significantly influence on the chemical shifts of the B12N12 fullerene, especially in the SiN model. The doped Si atom could employ an electric field on the B and N atoms of Si-doped B12N12 structures, so that their chemical shifts go to lower fields.

  18. Study of the 11C(p,gamma) reaction via the indirect d(11C,12N)ntransfer reaction

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, Dongwon; Powell, James; Perajarvi, Kari; Guo, Fanqing; Moltz, Dennis; Cerny, Joseph

    2008-01-07

    The {sup 11}C(p,{gamma}){sup 12}N reaction is expected to be an important branch point in supermassive low-metallicity stars because it could produce CNO seed nuclei before the traditional triple-alpha process turns on. In the present work, the d({sup 11}C, {sup 12}N)n transfer reaction was employed to evaluate this reaction using a radioactive ion beam of 150 MeV {sup 11}C with 6 x 10{sup 5} ions/s on target from the BEARS project at the 88-inch cyclotron at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Excellent agreement was obtained between the experimental cross sections ({theta}{sub c.m.} = 10.9{sup o} to 71.5{sup o}) and DWBA calculations. The asymptotic normalization coefficient was deduced to be (C{sub eff}{sup 12N}){sup 2} = (C{sub p1/2}{sup 12N}){sup 2} + (C{sub p3/2}{sup 12N}){sup 2} = 1.83 {+-} 0.27 fm{sup -1}.

  19. Nucleon Density Distribution of the Proton Drip-Line Nucleus 12N Studied via Reaction Cross Sections

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukuda, Mitsunori; Morita, Yusuke; Nishimura, Daiki; Takechi, Maya; Iwamoto, Kodai; Wakabayashi, Masaru; Kamisho, Yasuto; Ohno, Junichi; Tanaka, Masaomi; Kanbe, Ryosuke; Yamaoka, Shintaro; Mihara, Mototsugu; Matsuta, Kensaku; Yoshinaga, Kenta; Zhu, Ifan; Khono, Junpei; Yamaki, Sayaka; Suzuki, Takeshi; Yamaguchi, Takayuki; Suzuki, Shinji; Nagashima, Masayuki; Abe, Kohsuke; Tashiro, Keisuke; Honma, Akira; Ohtsubo, Takashi; Izumikawa, Takuji; Sato, Shinji; Fukuda, Shigekazu; Kitagawa, Atsushi

    Reaction cross sections for the proton drip-line nucleus 12N on Be, C, and Al targets have been measured at intermediate energies from 60A to 200A MeV. The results are compared with the systematics for stable nuclei and also with the experimental reaction cross section data for 12C to show 5-20% enhancement of the present 12N data. The nucleon density distribution of 12N has been extracted through the χ2-fitting procedure, which is consistent with a single particle nature of the loosely-bound valence proton in the p orbital though the error of the density is still large. The large one-proton removal cross sections observed at the same time also supports the long proton tail in the density distribution.

  20. Precise Branching Ratios to Unbound 12C States from 12N and 12B (beta)-Decays

    SciTech Connect

    Hyldegaard, S; Forssen, C; Alcorta, M; Barker, F C; Bastin, B; Borge, M G; Boutami, R; Brandenburg, S; Buscher, J; Dendooven, P; Diget, C A; Van Duppen, P; Eronen, T; Fox, S; Fulton, B R; Fynbo, H U; Huikari, J; Huyse, M; Jeppesen, H B; Jokinen, A; Jonson, B; Jungmann, K; Kankainen, A; Kirsebom, O; Madurga, M; Moore, I; Navratil, P; Nilsson, T; Nyman, G; Onderwater, G G; Penttila, H; Perajarvi, K; Raabe, R; Riisager, K; Rinta-Antila, S; Rogachevskiy, A; Saastamoinen, A; Sohani, M; Tengblad, O; Traykov, E; Vary, J P; Wang, Y; Wilhelmsen, K; Wilschut, H W; Aysto, J

    2008-08-20

    Two complementary experimental techniques have been used to extract precise branching ratios to unbound states in {sup 12}C from {sup 12}N and {sup 12}B {beta}-decays. In the first the three {alpha}-particles emitted after {beta}-decay are measured in coincidence in separate detectors, while in the second method {sup 12}N and {sup 12}B are implanted in a detector and the summed energy of the three {alpha}-particles is measured directly. For the narrow states at 7.654 MeV (0{sup +}) and 12.71 MeV (1{sup +}) the resulting branching ratios are both smaller than previous measurements by a factor of {approx_equal} 2. The experimental results are compared to no-core shell model calculations with realistic interactions from chiral perturbation theory, and inclusion of three-nucleon forces is found to give improved agreement.

  1. Synthesis and evaluation of halogenated 12N-sulfonyl matrinic butanes as potential anti-coxsackievirus agents.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Xin-Yue; Li, Yu-Huan; Tang, Sheng; Zhang, Xin; Wang, Yan-Xiang; Wang, Sheng-Gang; Jiang, Jian-Dong; Li, Ying-Hong; Song, Dan-Qing

    2017-01-27

    Twenty-eight new 12N-benzenesulfonyl matrinic butane and halogenated 12N-sulfonyl matrinic butane/ethane derivatives were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their anti-coxsakievirus activities against CVB3 taking compound 1 as the lead. SAR analysis indicated the introduction of a fluoro atom on the 1'-position might be helpful for keeping potency. Among them, compound 8a exhibited potential activities against all CVBs with IC50 ranging from 0.69 to 5.14 μM, suggesting a broad-spectrum anti-coxsackievirus B feature. In addition, it also displayed an excellent PK and a good safety profile, indicating a highly druggable nature. Thus, we consider compound 8a to be a promising drug candidate in the treatment of not only viral myocarditis caused by CVB3 but also various diseases infected with coxsackieviruses B. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  2. Precise branching ratios to unbound 12C states from 12N and 12B β-decays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hyldegaard, S.; Forssén, C.; Diget, C. Aa.; Alcorta, M.; Barker, F. C.; Bastin, B.; Borge, M. J. G.; Boutami, R.; Brandenburg, S.; Büscher, J.; Dendooven, P.; Van Duppen, P.; Eronen, T.; Fox, S.; Fulton, B. R.; Fynbo, H. O. U.; Huikari, J.; Huyse, M.; Jeppesen, H. B.; Jokinen, A.; Jonson, B.; Jungmann, K.; Kankainen, A.; Kirsebom, O.; Madurga, M.; Moore, I.; Navrátil, P.; Nilsson, T.; Nyman, G.; Onderwater, G. J. G.; Penttilä, H.; Peräjärvi, K.; Raabe, R.; Riisager, K.; Rinta-Antila, S.; Rogachevskiy, A.; Saastamoinen, A.; Sohani, M.; Tengblad, O.; Traykov, E.; Vary, J. P.; Wang, Y.; Wilhelmsen, K.; Wilschut, H. W.; Äystö, J.

    2009-08-01

    Two complementary experimental techniques have been used to extract precise branching ratios to unbound states in 12C from 12N and 12B β-decays. In the first the three α-particles emitted after β-decay are measured in coincidence in separate detectors, while in the second method 12N and 12B are implanted in a detector and the summed energy of the three α-particles is measured directly. For the narrow states at 7.654 MeV (0+) and 12.71 MeV (1+) the resulting branching ratios are both smaller than previous measurements by a factor of ≃2. The experimental results are compared to no-core shell model calculations with realistic interactions from chiral perturbation theory, and inclusion of three-nucleon forces is found to give improved agreement.

  3. DFT study of the adsorption of H2O2 inside and outside Al12N12 nano-cage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baei, Mohammad T.; Tazikeh Lemeski, E.; Soltani, Alireza

    2017-08-01

    The adsorption of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) molecule on the outer and inner surfaces of Al12N12 nano-cage in terms of energetic, geometric, and electronic properties has been investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) calculations by B3LYP-D and M06-2X methods and 6-31G** basis set. It has been found that H2O2 molecule can be strongly chemisorbed (-3.45 eV) over the outer surface of the Al12N12 nanocage, where the adsorption energy depending upon its orientation with the nano-cage. Moreover, the adsorption of two H2O2 molecules on the outside surface of adsorbent is about -2.05 eV, while the adsorption of the molecule trapped inside adsorbent is about -1.81 eV. It was found that the H2O2 adsorption on the outer and inner surfaces of Al12N12 nano-cage leads to slightly lower energy gap and increasing the dipole moment of adsorbent.

  4. A Historical Evaluation of the U12n Tunnel, Nevada National Security Site, Nye County, Nevada Part 1

    SciTech Connect

    Drollinger, Harold; Jones, Robert C; Bullard, Thomas F; Ashbaugh, Laurence J; Griffin, Wayne R

    2011-06-01

    This report presents a historical evaluation of the U12n Tunnel on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in southern Nevada. The work was conducted by the Desert Research Institute at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office and the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). The U12n Tunnel was one of a series of tunnels used for underground nuclear weapons effects tests in Rainier and Aqueduct Mesas. A total of 22 nuclear tests were conducted in the U12n Tunnel from 1967 to 1992. These tests include Midi Mist, Hudson Seal, Diana Mist, Misty North, Husky Ace, Ming Blade, Hybla Fair, Mighty Epic, Diablo Hawk, Miners Iron, Huron Landing, Diamond Ace, Mini Jade, Tomme/Midnight Zephyr, Misty Rain, Mill Yard, Diamond Beech, Middle Note, Misty Echo, Mineral Quarry, Randsburg, and Hunters Trophy. DTRA sponsored all tests except Tomme and Randsburg which were sponsored by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Midnight Zephyr, sponsored by DTRA, was an add on experiment to the Tomme test. Eleven high explosive tests were also conducted in the tunnel and included a Stemming Plan Test, the Pre-Mill Yard test, the two seismic Non-Proliferation Experiment tests, and seven Dipole Hail tests. The U12n Tunnel complex is composed of the portal and mesa areas, encompassing a total area of approximately 600 acres (240 hectares). Major modifications to the landscape have resulted from four principal activities. These are road construction and maintenance, mining activities related to development of the tunnel complex, site preparation for activities related to testing, and construction of retention ponds. A total of 202 cultural features were recorded for the portal and mesa areas. At the portal area, features relate to the mining, construction, testing, and general everyday operational support activities within the tunnel. These include concrete foundations for buildings, ventilation

  5. A Historical Evaluation of the U12n Tunnel, Nevada national Security Site, Nye County, Nevada Part 2 of 2

    SciTech Connect

    Drollinger, Harold; Jones, Robert C; Bullard, Thomas F; Ashbaugh, Laurence J; Griffin, Wayne R

    2011-06-01

    This report presents a historical evaluation of the U12n Tunnel on the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) in southern Nevada. The work was conducted by the Desert Research Institute at the request of the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office and the U.S. Department of Defense, Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). The U12n Tunnel was one of a series of tunnels used for underground nuclear weapons effects tests in Rainier and Aqueduct Mesas. A total of 22 nuclear tests were conducted in the U12n Tunnel from 1967 to 1992. These tests include Midi Mist, Hudson Seal, Diana Mist, Misty North, Husky Ace, Ming Blade, Hybla Fair, Mighty Epic, Diablo Hawk, Miners Iron, Huron Landing, Diamond Ace, Mini Jade, Tomme/Midnight Zephyr, Misty Rain, Mill Yard, Diamond Beech, Middle Note, Misty Echo, Mineral Quarry, Randsburg, and Hunters Trophy. DTRA sponsored all tests except Tomme and Randsburg which were sponsored by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Midnight Zephyr, sponsored by DTRA, was an add on experiment to the Tomme test. Eleven high explosive tests were also conducted in the tunnel and included a Stemming Plan Test, the Pre-Mill Yard test, the two seismic Non-Proliferation Experiment tests, and seven Dipole Hail tests. The U12n Tunnel complex is composed of the portal and mesa areas, encompassing a total area of approximately 600 acres (240 hectares). Major modifications to the landscape have resulted from four principal activities. These are road construction and maintenance, mining activities related to development of the tunnel complex, site preparation for activities related to testing, and construction of retention ponds. A total of 202 cultural features were recorded for the portal and mesa areas. At the portal area, features relate to the mining, construction, testing, and general everyday operational support activities within the tunnel. These include concrete foundations for buildings, ventilation

  6. Impact of concomitant chemoradiation on survival for patients with T1-2N1 head and neck cancer.

    PubMed

    Zumsteg, Zachary S; Kim, Sungjin; David, John M; Yoshida, Emi J; Tighiouart, Mourad; Shiao, Stephen L; Scher, Kevin; Mita, Alain; Sherman, Eric J; Lee, Nancy Y; Ho, Allen S

    2017-05-01

    Single-modality radiotherapy is considered a standard-of-care option for certain stage III, T1-2N1 head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). The role of concomitant chemoradiation is not well established because there have been no studies comparing chemoradiation with radiation alone in this population. This study analyzed patients in the National Cancer Data Base with cT1-2N1M0 invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the oropharynx, larynx, and hypopharynx who were diagnosed between 2004 and 2012 and were undergoing definitive radiation. Patients who were undergoing surgery before radiation with unknown follow-up or for whom either the receipt or timing of chemotherapy was unknown were excluded. In all, 5030 patients with T1-2N1 oropharyngeal, laryngeal, or hypopharyngeal cancer were included. The median follow-up was 56.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 55.7-58.6 months). Overall, 68% of the patients received concomitant chemoradiation (CCRT). The use of CCRT significantly increased during the time period of this study from 53% in 2004 to 78% in 2012 (P < .001). CCRT was associated with improved overall survival (OS) in comparison with radiation alone in a multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR], 0.80; 95% CI, 0.72-0.88; P < .001). In propensity score-adjusted analyses, CCRT remained significantly associated with improved OS, with 5-year OS rates of 63.5% (95% CI, 60.7%-66.2%) and 55.6% (95% CI, 52.7%-58.4%; P < .001) with CCRT and radiation alone, respectively. Subgroup analyses showed a benefit across the majority of subgroups, including patients with oropharyngeal cancer (HR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.65-0.85; P < .001). Concomitant chemoradiation is associated with improved survival for patients with T1-2N1 HNSCC. Prospective trials in this population should be pursued. Cancer 2017;123:1555-1565. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2016 American Cancer Society.

  7. Synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of Sr{sub 39}Co{sub 12}N{sub 31}

    SciTech Connect

    Kowach, G.R.; Lin, H.Y.; DiSalvo, F.J.

    1998-11-15

    Single crystals of Sr{sub 39}Co{sub 12}N{sub 31} have been synthesized in liquid sodium from strontium, cobalt, and sodium azide at 1000 C in sealed niobium ampoules. The structure was solved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction (Im{bar 3}m (No. 229), a = 14.910 {angstrom}, Z = 2, R(F) = 6.7%, R{sub w}(F) = 6.3%) with a disordered strontium position. Sr{sub 39}Co{sub 12}N{sub 31} has a unique structure type incorporating cobalt in linear coordination as isolated nitridometalate ions. All cobalt atoms are crystallographically equivalent, existing with a formal mixed valence of Co{sup 1} and Co{sup 11}. The magnetic susceptibility demonstrates antiferromagnetic Curie-Weiss behavior with an effective moment on cobalt of 4.99 {mu}{sub B}, which lies in the range expected for that of high-spin ground states.

  8. Is elective neck dissection in T1-2, N0 patients with lower lip cancer necessary?

    PubMed

    Yilmaz, Sarper; Ercocen, Ali Riza

    2009-04-01

    The significance of elective neck dissection in the early stages of lower lip cancer is generally underestimated. In the classic textbooks of plastic surgery it has been generally accepted that lymphatic spread to neck is negligible and therefore it is not imperative to perform any kind of neck dissection. However, in some recent studies high rates of clinically positive neck that were initially negative began to appear in the literature especially in otorhinolaryngology and head and neck journals. Our clinical series consisted of 21 lower lip cancer cases with T1-2, N0 tumors; the rate of lymphatic spread to neck was found to be 19%. Because of this high rate, we conclude that it is not sound to discard the importance of neck dissection even in the early stages of lower lip cancers. At least, a suprahyoid neck dissection should be performed in all patients with lower lip cancer.

  9. A DFT study on the formaldehyde (H2CO and (H2CO)2) monitoring using pristine B12N12 nanocluster

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shakerzadeh, Ehsan

    2016-04-01

    The interaction between formaldehyde monomer (H2CO) as well as dimer ((H2CO)2) and pristine B12N12 nanocluster is investigated at B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. It is found that in contrary to the pristine boron nitride nanotube and nanosheet, formaldehyde adsorption induce considerable variation in the electronic properties of the B12N12 nanocluster. Also it is shown that the pristine B12N12 cluster could adsorb up to four monomer and three dimer of formaldehyde molecules in which the HOMO-LUMO gap decreased about 38-55%. Since the conductivity of the B12N12 nanocluster changes by the adsorption of formaldehyde molecules, the presence of this toxic gas could be detected. The Bader theory of atoms in molecules (AIM) is also applied to analyze the interaction of formaldehyde with nanocluster. It is suggested pristine B12N12 nanocluster could be a promising candidate for detecting formaldehyde molecule. The results indicate that B12N12 may be a promising chemical sensor for detection of formaldehyde molecule.

  10. O3 and SO2 sensing concept on extended surface of B12N12 nanocages modified by Nickel decoration: A comprehensive DFT study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rad, Ali Shokuhi; Ayub, Khurshid

    2017-07-01

    Adsorption of SO2 and O3 molecules on pristine boron nitride (B12N12) and Ni-decorated B12N12 nano-cages has been systemically investigated through density functional theory (DFT) methods. Adsorption energies (thermodynamics), bond distances, charge analysis, dipole moments, orbital analysis and density of states are calculated by van der Waals DFT method (MPW1PW91) functional. The adsorption energies of O3 and SO2 on pristine B12N12 are about -143.8 and -14.0 kJ mol-1, respectively. The interaction energies of O3 and SO2 with pristine B12N12 are indicative of chemisorption and physisorption, respectively. Ni-decorated B12N12 (Ni@BN) enhances adsorption of both O3 and SO2 species. The interaction energies for adsorption of SO2 are about -166 and -277 kJ mol-1 whereas the corresponding energies for O3 are -362 and -396 kJ mol-1 for configuration A and B, respectively. These observations show that functionalized B12N12 are highly sensitive toward SO2 and O3 molecules.

  11. Comparison of external beam treatment techniques for T1-2, N0, M0 glottic cancers

    SciTech Connect

    Camingue, Pamela; Christian, Rochelle; Ng, Davin; Williams, Preston; Amin, Mayankkumar; Roniger, Dominique L.

    2012-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare 4 different external beam radiation therapy treatment techniques for the treatment of T1-2, N0, M0 glottic cancers: traditional lateral beams with wedges (3D), 5-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), and proton therapy. Treatment plans in each technique were created for 10 patients using consistent planning parameters. The photon treatment plans were optimized using Philips Pinnacle{sub 3} v.9 and the IMRT and VMAT plans used the Direct Machine Parameter Optimization algorithm. The proton treatment plans were optimized using Varian Eclipse Proton v.8.9. The prescription used for each plan was 63 Gy in 28 fractions. The contours for spinal cord, right carotid artery, left carotid artery, and normal tissue were created with respect to the patient's bony anatomy so that proper comparisons of doses could be made with respect to volume. An example of the different isodose distributions will be shown. The data collection for comparison purposes includes: clinical treatment volume coverage, dose to spinal cord, dose to carotid arteries, and dose to normal tissue. Data comparisons will be displayed graphically showing the maximum, mean, median, and ranges of doses.

  12. Quantum Monte Carlo simulation of antiferromagnetic spin ladder (C5H12N)2CuBr4

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Freitas, Augusto S.

    2016-07-01

    In this paper I present a Quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) study of the magnetic properties of an antiferromagnetic spin ladder (C5H12N)2CuBr4. This compound is the prototype of the Heisenberg model for a two leg spin ladder in the presence of an external magnetic field. The susceptibility phase diagram has a rounded peak in the vicinity of T=7.4 K, obeys Troyer's law for low temperatures, and Curie's law for high temperatures. I also study the susceptibility diagram in low temperatures and I found the spin gap Δ=9.26 K, in good concordance with the experimental value, 9.5 K. In high field, I present a diagram of magnetization as a function of temperature. In the vicinity of a critical field, Hci, the magnetization scales with T1/2 and this result was found also in the QMC simulation. In all the results, there is a very good concordance with the experimental data. I also show in this paper that the spin gap is null and the susceptibility is proportional to T for low temperatures when relatively high values of the ladders' coupling is taken in account.

  13. A first-principles study on the adsorption behavior of amphetamine on pristine, P- and Al-doped B12N12 nano-cages

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahrami, Aidin; Seidi, Shahram; Baheri, Tahmineh; Aghamohammadi, Mohammad

    2013-12-01

    The first-principles computations using density functional theory (DFT) calculations at the M062X/6-311++G** level have been applied to scrutinize the adsorption behavior of amphetamine (AMP) molecule on the external surface of pristine, P- and Al-doped B12N12 nano-cages. In order to gain insight into the binding features of pristine and doped B12N12 complexes as adsorbent with AMP, the structural and electronic parameters as well as the Atoms in Molecules (AIM) properties were examined. The results showed that AMP prefers to adsorb via its nitrogen atom on the Lewis acid sites of B and Al atoms of the nano-cages. On the basis of calculated density of states, the interaction of AMP with the external wall of B12N12 leads to the remarkable differences in their conductivities. Presence of polar solvent increases the AMP adsorption on the nano-cage. In addition, AIM based analyses indicated an electrostatic nature for N-B interaction in Amph-B12N12 and partial covalent for N-Al in AMP-B11AlN12. Based on calculated results, the B12N12 and B11AlN12 nano-cages are expected to be a potential efficient adsorbent as well as sensors for adsorption of AMP in environmental systems.

  14. A density functional theory study on the adsorption and decomposition of methanol on B12N12 fullerene-like nanocage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esrafili, Mehdi D.; Nurazar, Roghaye

    2014-03-01

    The adsorption and dissociative reaction of methanol on B12N12 fullerene-like nanocage is investigated by using density functional calculations. Equilibrium geometries, adsorption energies, and electronic properties of CH3OH adsorption on the surface of the B12N12 were identified. The calculated adsorption energies range from -1.3 to -34.9 kcal/mol. It is found that the electrical conductivity of the nanocage can be modified upon the adsorption of CH3OH. The mechanism of methanol decomposition via CO and OH bond scissions is also studied. The results indicate that OH bond scission is the most favorable pathway on the B12N12 surface.

  15. Tumor Budding, EMT and Cancer Stem Cells in T1-2/N0 Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas.

    PubMed

    Attramadal, Cecilie Gjøvaag; Kumar, Sheeba; Boysen, Morten E; Dhakal, Hari Prasad; Nesland, Jahn Marthin; Bryne, Magne

    2015-11-01

    Early oral carcinomas have a high recurrence rate despite surgery with clear margins. In an attempt to classify the risk of recurrence of oral squamous cell carcinomas, we explored the significance of tumor budding, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and certain cancer stem cell markers (CSC). Tumor budding (single cells or clusters of ≤5 cells in the tumor front, divided into high- and low-budding tumors), EMT and CSC markers were studied in 62 immunohistochemically stained slides of T1/2N0M0 oral squamous cell carcinomas. Tissues and records of follow-up were obtained from the Oslo University Hospital, Norway. Tumor budding, EMT and CSC markers were scored and analyzed. The only significant prognostic marker was tumor budding (p=0.043). Expression of the EMT marker E-cadherin was lost from the invasive front and tended to be a prognostic factor (p=0.17), and up-regulation of vimentin in tumor cells in the invasive front was found; this indicates that EMT had occurred. CSC markers were not associated with recurrence rate in the present study. A high budding index was related to poor prognosis in patients with oral cancer. Budding was associated with EMT-like changes. CSC factors were detected but reflected differentiation rather than stemness. Scoring of buds in patients with oral cancer may help discriminate invasive tumors prone to relapse, and thus, provide an indication for adjuvant therapy. Copyright© 2015 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.

  16. Propagation and extinction of premixed C{sub 5}-C{sub 12}n-alkane flames

    SciTech Connect

    Ji, Chunsheng; Dames, Enoch; Wang, Yang L.; Wang, Hai; Egolfopoulos, Fokion N.

    2010-02-15

    Laminar flame speeds and extinction strain rates of premixed C{sub 5}-C{sub 12}n-alkane flames were determined at atmospheric pressure and elevated unburned mixture temperatures, over a wide range of equivalence ratios. Experiments were performed in the counterflow configuration and flow velocities were measured using Laser Doppler Velocimetry. The laminar flame speeds were obtained using a non-linear extrapolation technique utilizing numerical simulations of the counterflow experiments with detailed descriptions of chemical kinetics and molecular transport. Compared to linearly extrapolated values, the laminar flame speeds obtained using non-linear extrapolations were found to be 1-4 cm/s lower depending on the equivalence ratio. It was determined that the laminar flame speeds of all n-alkane/air mixtures considered in this investigation are similar to each other and sensitive largely to the H{sub 2}/CO and C{sub 1}-C{sub 4} hydrocarbon kinetics. Additionally, the resistance to extinction decreases as the fuel molecular weight increases. Simulations of the experiments were performed using the recently developed JetSurF 0.2 reaction model consisting of 194 species and 1459 reactions. The laminar flame speeds were predicted with good accuracy for all the n-alkane-air mixtures considered. The experimental extinction strain rates are well predicted by the model for fuel-lean mixtures. For stoichiometric and fuel-rich mixtures, the predicted extinction strain rates are approximately 10% lower than the experimental values. Insights into the physical and chemical processes that control the response of n-alkane flames are provided through detailed sensitivity analyses on both reaction rates and binary diffusion coefficients. (author)

  17. The M12N12 (M  =  Al, Ga) clusters as potential sensors for NO, NO2 and HCN detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cui, Hongling; Yong, Yongliang; Jiang, Huai; Yang, Liangwei; Wang, Shihao; Zhang, Gaojian; Guo, Menghui; Li, Xiaohong

    2017-01-01

    The geometries, energies and electronic properties of NO, NO2 and HCN molecules adsorption on the M12N12 (M  =Al, Ga) clusters have been studied by using density functional theory in order to find novel sensors for NO, NO2 and HCN detection. We find that the three molecules can be chemisorbed on the M12N12 (M  =  Al, Ga) clusters with reasonable adsorption energies (‑0.503 to  ‑1.377 eV). It is clear that there are optimal charge transfers between the clusters and molecules. The HOMO-LUMO gaps of the M12N12 clusters are very sensitive to the presence of the NO, NO2 and HCN molecules. Due to the reasonable adsorption energies and the changes of electronic properties accompanied with the apparent charge transfer, the M12N12 (M  =  Al, Ga) clusters are potentially good NO, NO2 and HCN sensors.

  18. Doping the alkali atom: an effective strategy to improve the electronic and nonlinear optical properties of the inorganic Al12N12 nanocage.

    PubMed

    Niu, Min; Yu, Guangtao; Yang, Guanghui; Chen, Wei; Zhao, Xingang; Huang, Xuri

    2014-01-06

    Under ab initio computations, several new inorganic electride compounds with high stability, M@x-Al12N12 (M = Li, Na, and K; x = b66, b64, and r6), were achieved for the first time by doping the alkali metal atom M on the fullerene-like Al12N12 nanocage, where the alkali atom is located over the Al-N bond (b66/b64 site) or six-membered ring (r6 site). It is revealed that independent of the doping position and atomic number, doping the alkali atom can significantly narrow the wide gap between the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) (EH-L = 6.12 eV) of the pure Al12N12 nanocage in the range of 0.49-0.71 eV, and these doped AlN nanocages can exhibit the intriguing n-type characteristic, where a high energy level containing the excess electron is introduced as the new HOMO orbital in the original gap of pure Al12N12. Further, the diffuse excess electron also brings these doped AlN nanostructures the considerable first hyperpolarizabilities (β0), which are 1.09 × 10(4) au for Li@b66-Al12N12, 1.10 × 10(4), 1.62 × 10(4), 7.58 × 10(4) au for M@b64-Al12N12 (M = Li, Na, and K), and 8.89 × 10(5), 1.36 × 10(5), 5.48 × 10(4) au for M@r6-Al12N12 (M = Li, Na, and K), respectively. Clearly, doping the heavier Na/K atom over the Al-N bond can get the larger β0 value, while the reverse trend can be observed for the series with the alkali atom over the six-membered ring, where doping the lighter Li atom can achieve the larger β0 value. These fascinating findings will be advantageous for promoting the potential applications of the inorganic AlN-based nanosystems in the new type of electronic nanodevices and high-performance nonlinear optical (NLO) materials.

  19. Interactions of 2.1 GeV/n He-4, C-12, N-14 and O-16 nuclei in emulsion

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heckman, H. H.; Greiner, D. E.; Lindstrom, P. J.; Shwe, H.

    1975-01-01

    The interaction mean-free-path lengths for He-4, C-12, N-14 and O-16 nuclei at 2.1 GeV/n have been measured in nuclear emulsion detectors. The angular distributions of Z equals 1 and 2 secondaries from the interactions of C, N and O beams are determined, and the topology of projectile fragmentation of these ions is examined.

  20. 1,2-N-Migration in a Gold-Catalysed Synthesis of Functionalised Indenes by the 1,1-Carboalkoxylation of Ynamides

    PubMed Central

    Adcock, Holly V; Langer, Thomas; Davies, Paul W

    2014-01-01

    Unique α-hemiaminal ether gold carbene intermediates were accessed by a gold-catalysed 1,1-carboalkoxylation strategy and evolved through a highly selective 1,2-N-migration. This skeletal rearrangement gave functionalised indenes, and isotopic labelling confirmed the rare C–N bond cleavage of the ynamide moiety. The effect of substituents on the migration has been explored, and a model is proposed to rationalise the observed selectivity. PMID:24828030

  1. Identification of a High-Risk Group Among Patients With Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma and pT1-2N0 Disease

    SciTech Connect

    Liao, Chun-Ta; Lin, Chien-Yu; Fan, Kang-Hsing; Wang, Hung-Ming; Ng, Shu-Hang; Lee, Li-Yu; Hsueh, Chuen; Chen, I-How; Huang, Shiang-Fu; Kang, Chung-Jan; and others

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: In the American Joint Committee on Cancer 2010 classification system, pT1-2N0 oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is considered an early-stage cancer treatable with surgery alone (National Comprehensive Cancer Network 2010 guidelines). Our aim was to evaluate the feasibility of surgery alone for pT1-2N0 OSCC patients. Methods and Materials: Among 1279 previously untreated OSCC patients referred to our hospital between January 1996 and May 2008, we identified 457 consecutive patients with pT1-2N0 disease. All had radical tumor excision with neck dissection. A total of 387 patients showing pathologic margins greater than 4 mm and treated by surgery alone were included in the final analysis. All were followed up for at least 24 months after surgery or until death. The 5-year rates of control, distant metastasis, and survival were the main outcome measures. Results: The 5-year rates in the entire group of pT1-2N0 patients were as follows: local control, 91%; neck control, 92%; distant metastases, 1%; disease-free survival, 85%; disease-specific survival, 93%; and overall survival, 84%. Multivariate analysis identified poor differentiation and pathologic tumor depth of 4 mm or greater as independent risk factors for neck control, disease-free survival, and disease-specific survival. A scoring system using poor differentiation and tumor depth was formulated to define distinct prognostic groups. The presence of both poorly differentiated tumors and a tumor depth of 4 mm or greater resulted in significantly poorer 5-year neck control (p < 0.0001), disease-free (p < 0.0001), disease-specific (p < 0.0001), and overall survival (p = 0.0046) rates. Conclusion: The combination of poor differentiation and pathologic tumor depth of 4 mm or greater identified a subset of pT1-2N0 OSCC patients with poor outcome, who may have clinical benefit from postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

  2. [Prognostic differences of phenotypes in pT1-2N0 invasive breast cancer: a large cohort study with cluster analysis].

    PubMed

    Wang, Z; Wang, W H; Wang, S L; Jin, J; Song, Y W; Liu, Y P; Ren, H; Fang, H; Tang, Y; Chen, B; Qi, S N; Lu, N N; Li, N; Tang, Y; Liu, X F; Yu, Z H; Li, Y X

    2016-06-23

    To find phenotypic subgroups of patients with pT1-2N0 invasive breast cancer by means of cluster analysis and estimate the prognosis and clinicopathological features of these subgroups. From 1999 to 2013, 4979 patients with pT1-2N0 invasive breast cancer were recruited for hierarchical clustering analysis. Age (≤40, 41-70, 70+ years), size of primary tumor, pathological type, grade of differentiation, microvascular invasion, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) were chosen as distance metric between patients. Hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using Ward's method. Cophenetic correlation coefficient (CPCC) and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to validate clustering structures. The CPCC was 0.603. The Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.617 (P<0.001), which indicated a good fit of hierarchy to the data. A twelve-cluster model seemed to best illustrate our patient cohort. Patients in cluster 5, 9 and 12 had best prognosis and were characterized by age >40 years, smaller primary tumor, lower histologic grade, positive ER and PR status, and mainly negative HER-2. Patients in the cluster 1 and 11 had the worst prognosis, The cluster 1 was characterized by a larger tumor, higher grade and negative ER and PR status, while the cluster 11 was characterized by positive microvascular invasion. Patients in other 7 clusters had a moderate prognosis, and patients in each cluster had distinctive clinicopathological features and recurrent patterns. This study identified distinctive clinicopathologic phenotypes in a large cohort of patients with pT1-2N0 breast cancer through hierarchical clustering and revealed different prognosis. This integrative model may help physicians to make more personalized decisions regarding adjuvant therapy.

  3. Gas-Phase Fragmentation Pathways of Mixed Addenda Keggin Anions: PMo12-nWnO40 3- (n = 0-12)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gunaratne, K. Don D.; Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar; Johnson, Grant E.; Laskin, Julia

    2015-06-01

    We report a collision-induced dissociation (CID) investigation of the mixed addenda polyoxometalate (POM) anions, PMo12-nWnO40 3- (n = 0-12). The anions were generated in solution using a straightforward single-step synthesis approach and introduced into the gas phase by electrospray ionization (ESI). Distinct differences in fragmentation patterns were observed for the range of mixed addenda POMs examined in this study. CID of molybdenum-rich anions, PMo12-nWnO40 3- (n = 0-2), generates an abundant doubly charged fragment containing seven metal atoms (M) and 22 oxygen atoms (M7O22 2-) and its complementary singly charged PM5O18 - ion. In comparison, the doubly charged Lindqvist anion, (M6O19 2-) and its complementary singly charged PM6O21 - ion are the dominant fragments of Keggin POMs containing more than two tungsten atoms, PMo12-nWnO40 3- (n = 3-12). The observed transition in the dissociation pathways with an increase in the number of W atoms in the POM may be attributed to the higher barrier of tungsten-rich anions towards isomerization. We present evidence that the observed distribution of Mo and W atoms in the major M6O19 2- and M7O22 2- fragment ions is different from that predicted by a random distribution, indicating substantial segregation of the addenda metal atoms in the POMs. Charge reduction of the triply charged precursor anion resulting in formation of doubly charged anions is also observed. This is a dominant pathway for mixed POMs having a majority (8-11) of W atoms and a minor channel for other precursors indicating a close competition between fragmentation and charge loss pathways in CID of POM anions.

  4. Gas-Phase Fragmentation Pathways of Mixed-Addenda Keggin Anions: PMo12-nWnO403- (n = 0-12)

    SciTech Connect

    Gunaratne, Kalupathirannehelage Don D.; Prabhakaran, Venkateshkumar; Johnson, Grant E.; Laskin, Julia

    2015-06-01

    We report a collision-induced dissociation (CID) investigation of the mixed addenda polyoxometalate (POM) anions, PMo12-nWnO403- (n = 0-12). The anions were generated in solution using a straightforward single-step synthesis approach and introduced into the gas phase by electrospray ionization (ESI). Distinct differences in fragmentation patterns were observed for the range of mixed POMs examined in this study. CID of molybdenum-rich anions, PMo12- nWnO403- (n = 0-2), generates an abundant doubly charged fragment containing seven metal atoms (M) and twenty-two oxygen atoms (M7O222-) and its complementary singly charged PM5O18- ion, while the Lindqvist anion, (M6O192-) and its complementary PM6O21- ion are the dominant fragments of Keggin POMs containing more than two tungsten atoms, PMo12-nWnO403- (n = 3-12). The observed transition in the dissociation pathways with an increase in the number of W atoms may be attributed to the higher stability of tungsten-rich anions towards isomerization. We find that the observed distribution of Mo and W atoms in the major M6O192- and M7O222- fragment ions is different from that predicted by a random distribution indicating substantial segregation of the addenda metal atoms in the POMs. Electron detachment from the triply charged precursor anion resulting in formation of doubly charged anions is observed. This is a dominant dissociation pathway for mixed POMs having a majority (8-11) of W atoms and a minor channel for other precursors indicating a close competition between fragmentation and electron detachment pathways of POM anions.

  5. Structure-Phase Condition and Tribological Properties of Coatings Based on Self-Fluxing Nickel Alloy PG-12N-01 After Laser Surfacing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Devoino, O. G.; Feldshtein, E. É.; Kardapolova, M. A.; Lutsko, N. I.

    2017-03-01

    Some parameters of laser surfacing of self-fluxing nickel alloy PG-12N-01 are considered. Different structures containing a low-melting γ-Ni - Ni3B eutectic and a γ-Ni - Cr3C2 eutectic that crystallizes at a higher temperature and forms the strength skeleton of the coating may form depending on the rate of the surfacing. The effect of the rate of the surfacing on the wear resistance of the coating and on the coefficients of dry friction are determined.

  6. Is Biological Subtype Prognostic of Locoregional Recurrence Risk in Women With pT1-2N0 Breast Cancer Treated With Mastectomy?

    SciTech Connect

    Truong, Pauline T.; Sadek, Betro T.; Lesperance, Maria F.; Alexander, Cheryl S.; Shenouda, Mina; Raad, Rita Abi; Taghian, Alphonse G.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To examine locoregional and distant recurrence (LRR and DR) in women with pT1-2N0 breast cancer according to approximated subtype and clinicopathologic characteristics. Methods and Materials: Two independent datasets were pooled and analyzed. The study participants were 1994 patients with pT1-2N0M0 breast cancer, treated with mastectomy without radiation therapy. The patients were classified into 1 of 5 subtypes: luminal A (ER+ or PR+/HER 2−/grade 1-2, n=1202); luminal B (ER+ or PR+/HER 2−/grade 3, n=294); luminal HER 2 (ER+ or PR+/HER 2+, n=221); HER 2 (ER−/PR−/HER 2+, n=105) and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (ER−/PR−/HER 2−, n=172). Results: The median follow-up time was 4.3 years. The 5-year Kaplan-Meier (KM) LRR were 1.8% in luminal A, 3.1% in luminal B, 1.7% in luminal HER 2, 1.9% in HER 2, and 1.9% in TNBC cohorts (P=.81). The 5-year KM DR was highest among women with TNBC: 1.8% in luminal A, 5.0% in luminal B, 2.4% in luminal HER 2, 1.1% in HER 2, and 9.6% in TNBC cohorts (P<.001). Among 172 women with TNBC, the 5-year KM LRR were 1.3% with clear margins versus 12.5% with close or positive margins (P=.04). On multivariable analysis, factors that conferred higher LRR risk were tumors >2 cm, lobular histology, and close/positive surgical margins. Conclusions: The 5-year risk of LRR in our pT1-2N0 cohort treated with mastectomy was generally low, with no significant differences observed between approximated subtypes. Among the subtypes, TNBC conferred the highest risk of DR and an elevated risk of LRR in the presence of positive or close margins. Our data suggest that although subtype alone cannot be used as the sole criterion to offer postmastectomy radiation therapy, it may reasonably be considered in conjunction with other clinicopathologic factors including tumor size, histology, and margin status. Larger cohorts and longer follow-up times are needed to define which women with node-negative disease have high postmastectomy LRR risks in contemporary practice.

  7. Structural evolution of atomically precise thiolated bimetallic [Au(12+n)Cu₃₂(SR)(30+n)]⁴⁻ (n = 0, 2, 4, 6) nanoclusters.

    PubMed

    Yang, Huayan; Wang, Yu; Yan, Juanzhu; Chen, Xi; Zhang, Xin; Häkkinen, Hannu; Zheng, Nanfeng

    2014-05-21

    A series of all-thiol stabilized bimetallic Au-Cu nanoclusters, [Au(12+n)Cu32(SR)(30+n)](4-) (n = 0, 2, 4, 6 and SR = SPhCF3), are successfully synthesized and characterized by X-ray single-crystal analysis and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Each cluster consists of a Keplerate two-shell Au12@Cu20 core protected by (6 - n) units of Cu2(SR)5 and n units of Cu2Au(SR)6 (n = 0, 2, 4, 6) motifs on its surface. The size and structural evolution of the clusters is atomically controlled by the Au precursors and countercations used in the syntheses. The clusters exhibit similar optical absorption properties that are not dependent on the number of surface Cu2Au(SR)6 units. Although DFT suggests an electronic structure with an 18-electron superatom shell closure, the clusters display different thermal stabilities. [Au(12+n)Cu32(SR)(30+n)](4-) clusters with n = 0 and 2 are more stable than those with n = 4 and 6. Moreover, an oxidation product of the clusters, [Au13Cu12(SR)20](4-), is structurally identified to gain insight into how the clusters are oxidized.

  8. Synthesis, crystal structure and electrical properties of N,N-dimethylanilinium trichloridostannate (II): (C8H12N)SnCl3

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chouaib, H.; Kamoun, S.; Costa, L. C.; Graça, M. P. F.

    2015-12-01

    A new (C8H12N)SnCl3 crystal of the general formula AMX3 was grown by soft chemistry method. X-ray study shows that the crystal crystallized in a monoclinic system with the space group P21/a. The structure was solved by Patterson method and refined to a final value of R = 0.0304 for 1157 independent observed reflections. The cohesion and the stability of the atomic arrangement result from the N-H … Cl hydrogen bonds between (C8H12N)+ cations and isolated (SnCl3)- anions. At high temperature this compound exhibits a structural phase transition at 340 K. This transition has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetric and impedance spectroscopy. The impedance data were well fitted to an Rp//CPE equivalent electrical circuit model. The close values of activation energies, obtained from the thermal behavior of the conductivity and the relaxation time confirm the presence of a hopping transport mechanism.

  9. Clinical outcome of surgical treatment of T1-2 N0 squamous cell carcinoma of oral tongue with observation for the neck: Analysis of 176 cases

    PubMed Central

    Hakeem, Arsheed Hussain; Pradhan, Sultan Ahmed; Kannan, Rajan; Tubachi, Jagadish

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To analyze various demographic, clinical, and histopathologic factors in T1-2 N0 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the oral tongue to define a high-risk group for regional recurrence that will benefit from elective neck dissection. Materials and Methods: Retrospective outcome analysis of a patient cohort without palpable or ultrasound (USG) detectable nodal metastases undergoing per oral wide glossectomy for T1-2 N0 SCC of oral tongue. Patients were followed up using palpation and serial USG neck and fine-needle aspiration cytology. Results: Of the 176 patients, 69 (39%) showed recurrence during follow-up. Fifty-eight cases developed regional neck node metastases, i.e., overall regional node recurrence rate of 33%. Fifty-three (91%) with regional neck node metastases were salvaged successfully with further treatment. In 110 cases with tumor thickness more than 5 mm, 39% cases developed regional neck node metastases. This association was significant with P = 0.0402. Among 44 cases with perineural invasion, 54% developed regional neck node metastases. Similarly in 39 cases with lymphovascular invasion, 61% developed regional neck node metastases. Association of both of these parameters with the development of regional neck node metastases was significant. Conclusion: We recommend prophylactic selective neck dissection in early stage SCC of oral tongue, especially with depth of invasion more than 5 mm, perineural and lymphovascular invasion. PMID:28299264

  10. AC conductivity and dielectric relaxation of tris(N,N-dimethylanilinium) hexabromidostannate(IV) bromide: (C8H12N)3SnBr6.Br

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chouaib, H.; Kamoun, S.

    2015-10-01

    The X-ray powder analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry analysis and complex impedance spectroscopic data have been carried out on (C8H12N)3SnBr6.Br compound. The results show that this compound exhibits a phase transition at (T=365±2 K) which has been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), AC conductivity and dielectric measurements. The AC conductivity, the modulus analysis, the dielectric constants and the polarizability have been studied using impedance in the temperature range from 334 K to 383 K and in the frequency range between 20 Hz and 2 MHz. The temperature dependence of DC conductivity follows the Arrhenius law. Moreover, the frequency dependence of conductivity follows Jonscher's dynamical law with the relation: σ(ω , T) =σDC + B(T)ω s(T) . Relaxation peaks can be observed in the complex modulus analysis and after a transformation of the complex permittivity ε* to the complex polarizability α*.

  11. Investigation of magnetic structure on (C5H12N)CuBr3 system on the basis of DFT study and orbital interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Changhoon; Hong, Jisook; Shim, Ji Hoon; Pohang Univ of Sci; Tech Team

    2015-03-01

    The (C5H12N)CuBr3 compound crystallizes in the monoclinic group C2/c. Magnetic susceptibility data down to 1.8 K can be well fitted for the antiferromagnetic spin-1/2 chain, giving the intrachain magnetic coupling constant Jintra ~ -17 K. At zero field, (pipH)CuBr3 shows 3D order below TN = 1.68 K. Calculated by the mean-field theory, the interchain coupling constant Jinter = - 0.91 K is obtained and the ordered magnetic moment is about 0.23 μB. However, the interchain interaction should be strong unlike experimental observation. From the analysis of local structure, the Jinter spin dimer show the possibility of good orbital overlap via Cu-O...O-Cu path in which angle for Cu-O...O-Cu is 161° indicating strong interchain interaction via Cu-O...O-Cu path. The magnetic structure of (C5H12N)CuBr3 system in terms of orbital interaction could anticipated by two-leg spin ladder which such spin ladders interact ferromagnetically to form ladder. In this study, we evaluated spin exchange interactions of (pipH)CuBr3 based on DFT calculations to find the magnetic structure of this system. As a consequence, the Jinter interaction is strong and the magnetic structure of this system, indeed, is described by two-leg spin ladder. This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2013R1A1A2060341)

  12. Luminescence characteristic of RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb, Dy) and energy levels of lanthanide ions in Gd5Si3O12N

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhi-Jun; Yang, Woochul

    2017-10-01

    Polycrystalline Gd5Si3O12N: RE (RE = Pr, Sm, Eu, Tb and Dy) phosphors have been synthesized via a solid-state reaction method at high temperature, and their photoluminescence properties were studied. The absorption peak at about 230 nm is attributed to the host absorption. For the Pr3+-doped sample, the typical excitation lines located at 273 nm originating from the 8S7/2 → 6IJ (J = 5/2, 7/2) transitions of the Gd3+ ions were observed in the excitation spectra. Upon excitation at 227 nm UV light, the 4f15d → 4f2 emission band (350-450 nm) and typical 4f2 → 4f2 emission lines (450-700 nm) assigned to Pr3+ were observed. The Sm3+-doped sample exhibits a bright red emission owing to the 4G5/2 → 6HJ (J = 5/2, 7/2 and 9/2) transitions. However, the charge transfer band of Sm3+ was not observed in the excitation spectrum. There is a broad band from 200 to 350 nm originating from the charge transfer transition (CT) of the Eu3+ (O2-/N3- → Eu3+) in the excitation spectra, and the strongest peak in the emission spectra located at 615 nm is due to the electric-dipole 5D0 → 7F2 transition of Eu3+. For the Tb3+-doped sample, it shows 5D3 →7FJ (J = 5, 4, 3, 2) blue line emissions and 5D4 → 7FJ (J = 6, 5, 4, 3) green line emissions under the excitation of Tb3+. The Dy3+-activated sample upon excitation at 349 and 386 nm UV light shows blue-green and orange-red emission lines originating from 4F9/2 → 6HJ (J = 15/2, 13/2) transitions. In addition, the energy transfer from the host lattice to the luminescence activators (i.e. Pr3+, Sm3+, Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+) has been confirmed. In addition, the energy level diagram including the 4f and 5d energy levels of all Ln2+ and Ln3+ ions relative to the valence and conduction band of Gd5Si3O12N were constructed and discussed.

  13. A highly photocatalytic polyoxomolybdate compound constructed from novel-type triple helix {Mo4O12}n chains and copper(I)-organic nets.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xiutang; Fan, Liming; Zhang, Wei; Ding, Yuanshuai; Fan, Weiliu; Zhao, Xian

    2013-12-21

    A novel-type 3D polyoxomolybdate-organic framework, {[Cu3(H3tpb)2(tpb)(Mo4O12)]·4H2O}n (1, H3tpb = 1,3,5-tri(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)benzene), was prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, and luminescence analysis. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that novel neutral triple helix {Mo4O12}n chains are encased in bowl-like 2D [Cu3(H3tpb)2(tpb)]n intervals via bond interactions between terminal oxygen atoms and cations of Cu(I), leaving an unprecedented (3,3,5,8)-connected (3·4·6(8))3(3(6)·4(6)·8(6)·9(6)·10(4))(4(3))2(6(3)) topology. Moreover, compound 1 exhibits remarkable photocatalytic activities for decomposition of methylene orange (MO), methylene red (MR), methylene blue (MB), methylene violet (MV), and rhodamine B (RhB) under UV light.

  14. A Novel CaV1.2 N Terminus Expressed in Smooth Muscle Cells of Resistance Size Arteries Modifies Channel Regulation by Auxiliary Subunits*S

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Xiaoyang; Liu, Jianxi; Asuncion-Chin, Maria; Blaskova, Eva; Bannister, John P.; Dopico, Alejandro M.; Jaggar, Jonathan H.

    2008-01-01

    Voltage-dependent L-type Ca2+ (CaV1.2) channels are the principal Ca2+ entry pathway in arterial myocytes. CaV1.2 channels regulate multiple vascular functions and are implicated in the pathogenesis of human disease, including hypertension. However, the molecular identity of CaV1.2 channels expressed in myocytes of myogenic arteries that regulate vascular pressure and blood flow is unknown. Here, we cloned CaV1.2 subunits from resistance size cerebral arteries and demonstrate that myocytes contain a novel, cysteine rich N terminus that is derived from exon 1 (termed “exon 1c”), which is located within CACNA1C, the CaV1.2 gene. Quantitative PCR revealed that exon 1c was predominant in arterial myocytes, but rare in cardiac myocytes, where exon 1a prevailed. When co-expressed with α2δ subunits, CaV1.2 channels containing the novel exon 1c-derived N terminus exhibited: 1) smaller whole cell current density, 2) more negative voltages of half activation (V1/2,act) and half-inactivation (V1/2,inact), and 3) reduced plasma membrane insertion, when compared with channels containing exon 1b. β1b and β2a subunits caused negative shifts in the V1/2,act and V1/2,inact of exon 1b-containing CaV1.2α1/α2δ currents that were larger than those in exon 1c-containing CaV1.2α1/α2δ currents. In contrast, β3 similarly shifted V1/2,act and V1/2,inact of currents generated by exon 1b- and exon 1c-containing channels. β subunits isoform-dependent differences in current inactivation rates were also detected between N-terminal variants. Data indicate that through novel alternative splicing at exon 1, the CaV1.2 N terminus modifies regulation by auxiliary subunits. The novel exon 1c should generate distinct voltage-dependent Ca2+ entry in arterial myocytes, resulting in tissue-specific Ca2+ signaling. PMID:17699517

  15. Material properties and structural characterization of M3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ (M = Ba, Sr)--a comprehensive study on a promising green phosphor for pc-LEDs.

    PubMed

    Braun, Cordula; Seibald, Markus; Börger, Saskia L; Oeckler, Oliver; Boyko, Teak D; Moewes, Alexander; Miehe, Gerhard; Tücks, Andreas; Schnick, Wolfgang

    2010-08-16

    The efficient green phosphor Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2):Eu(2+) and its solid-solution series Ba(3-x)Sr(x)Si(6)O(12)N(2) (with x approximately = 0.4 and 1) were synthesized in a radio-frequency furnace under nitrogen atmosphere at temperatures up to 1425 degrees C. The crystal structure (Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2), space group P3 (no. 147), a = 7.5218(1), c = 6.4684(1) A, wR2 = 0.048, Z = 1) has been solved and refined on the basis of both single-crystal and powder X-ray diffraction data. Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2):Eu(2+) is a layer-like oxonitridosilicate and consists of vertex-sharing SiO(3)N-tetrahedra forming 6er- and 4er-rings as fundamental building units (FBU). The nitrogen atoms are connected to three silicon atoms (N3), while the oxygen atoms are either terminally bound (O1) or bridge two silicon atoms (O2) (numbers in superscripted square brackets after atoms indicate the coordination number of the atom in question). Two crystallographically independent Ba(2+) sites are situated between the silicate layers. Luminescence investigations have shown that Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2):Eu(2+) exhibits excellent luminescence properties (emission maximum at approximately 527 nm, full width at half maximum (FWHM) of approximately 65 nm, low thermal quenching), which provides potential for industrial application in phosphor-converted light-emitting diodes (pc-LEDs). In-situ high-pressure and high-temperature investigations with synchrotron X-ray diffraction indicate decomposition of Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2) under these conditions. The band gap of Ba(3)Si(6)O(12)N(2):Eu(2+) was measured to be 7.05+/-0.25 eV by means of X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). This agrees well with calculated band gap of 6.93 eV using the mBJ-GGA potential. Bonding to the Ba atoms is highly ionic with only the 4p(3/2) orbitals participating in covalent bonds. The valence band consists primarily of N and O p states and the conduction band contains primarily Ba d and f states

  16. Integral Representation of the Pictorial Proof of Sum of [superscript n][subscript k=1]k[superscript 2] = 1/6n(n+1)(2n+1)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobayashi, Yukio

    2011-01-01

    The pictorial proof of the sum of [superscript n][subscript k=1] k[superscript 2] = 1/6n(n+1)(2n+1) is represented in the form of an integral. The integral representations are also applicable to the sum of [superscript n][subscript k-1] k[superscript m] (m greater than or equal to 3). These representations reveal that the sum of [superscript…

  17. Integral Representation of the Pictorial Proof of Sum of [superscript n][subscript k=1]k[superscript 2] = 1/6n(n+1)(2n+1)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kobayashi, Yukio

    2011-01-01

    The pictorial proof of the sum of [superscript n][subscript k=1] k[superscript 2] = 1/6n(n+1)(2n+1) is represented in the form of an integral. The integral representations are also applicable to the sum of [superscript n][subscript k-1] k[superscript m] (m greater than or equal to 3). These representations reveal that the sum of [superscript…

  18. Abnormal difference between the mobilities of left- and right-twisted conformations of C{sub 6}H{sub 12}N{sub 2} roto-symmetrical molecules at very low temperatures

    SciTech Connect

    Gabuda, S. P.; Kozlova, S. G.

    2015-06-21

    We report an abnormal difference of low-temperature mobility of left-twisted and right-twisted conformations of roto symmetric molecules C{sub 6}H{sub 12}N{sub 2} (dabco) located in the same positions in crystal Zn{sub 2}(C{sub 8}H{sub 4}O{sub 4}){sub 2}⋅C{sub 6}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}. The difference between {sup 1}H NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) spin-relaxation data for left-twisted and right-twisted molecules reaches ∼3 × 10{sup 3} times at 8 K and tends to grow at lower temperatures. We argue that taking into account four-component relativistic Dirac wave functions in the vicinity of the nodal plane of dabco molecules and vacuum fluctuations due to virtual particle-antiparticle pairs can explain the changes which C{sub 6}H{sub 12}N{sub 2} conformations undergo at low temperatures.

  19. Nqrs Data for C9H26N3Na2O14P [C9H12N3Na2O7P·7(H2O)] (Subst. No. 1198)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chihara, H.; Nakamura, N.

    This document is part of Subvolume A `Substances Containing Ag … C10H15' of Volume 48 `Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Data' of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III `Condensed Matter'. It contains an extract of Section `3.2 Data tables' of the Chapter `3 Nuclear quadrupole resonance data' providing the NQRS data for C9H26N3Na2O14P [C9H12N3Na2O7P·7(H2O)] (Subst. No. 1198)

  20. Relevance of 4f-3d exchange to finite-temperature magnetism of rare-earth permanent magnets: An ab-initio-based spin model approach for NdFe{sub 12}N

    SciTech Connect

    Matsumoto, Munehisa; Akai, Hisazumi; Doi, Shotaro; Harashima, Yosuke; Miyake, Takashi

    2016-06-07

    A classical spin model derived ab initio for rare-earth-based permanent magnet compounds is presented. Our target compound, NdFe{sub 12}N, is a material that goes beyond today's champion magnet compound Nd{sub 2}Fe{sub 14}B in its intrinsic magnetic properties with a simpler crystal structure. Calculated temperature dependence of the magnetization and the anisotropy field agrees with the latest experimental results in the leading order. Having put the realistic observables under our numerical control, we propose that engineering 5d-electron-mediated indirect exchange coupling between 4f-electrons in Nd and 3d-electrons from Fe would most critically help enhance the material's utility over the operation-temperature range.

  1. Inner core biosynthesis of lipooligosaccharide (LOS) in Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B: identification and role in LOS assembly of the alpha1,2 N-acetylglucosamine transferase (RfaK).

    PubMed Central

    Kahler, C M; Carlson, R W; Rahman, M M; Martin, L E; Stephens, D S

    1996-01-01

    A lipooligosaccharide (LOS) mutant of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B strain NMB (immunotype L3,7,9) was identified in a Tn916 (tetM) mutant bank by loss of reactivity with monoclonal antibody 3F11, which recognizes the terminal Galbeta1-->4GlcNAc epitope in the lacto-N-neotetraose moiety of the wild-type LOS structure. The mutant, designated 559, was found to express a truncated LOS of 3.0 kDa. Southern and PCR analyses demonstrated that there was a single intact Tn916 insertion (class I) in the mutant 559 chromosome. Linkage of the LOS phenotype and the Tn916 insertion was confirmed by transformation of the wild-type parent. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the region surrounding the transposition site revealed a 1,065-bp open reading frame (ORF). A homology search of the GenBank/EMBL database revealed that the amino acid sequence of this ORF had 46.8% similarity and 21.2% identity with the alpha1,2 N-acetylglucosamine transferase (RfaK) from Salmonella typhimurium. Glycosyl composition and linkage analysis of the LOS produced by mutant 559 revealed that the lacto-N-neotetraose group which is attached to heptose I (HepI) and the N-acetylglucosamine and glucose residues that are attached to HepII in the inner core of the parental LOS were absent. These analyses also showed that the HepII residue in both the parent and the mutant LOS molecules was phosphorylated, presumably by a phosphoethanolamine substituent. The insertion of nonpolar and polar antibiotic resistance cartridges into the parental rfaK gene resulted in the expression of LOS with the same mobility as that produced by mutant 559. This result indicated that the inability to add the lacto-N-neotetraose group to the 559 LOS is not due to a polar effect on a gene(s) downstream of rfaK. Our data indicate that we have identified the meningococcal alpha1,2 N-acetylglucosamine transferase responsible for the addition of N-acetylglucosamine to HepII. We propose that the lack of alpha-chain extension from HepI in the LOS of mutant 559 may be due to structural constraints imposed by the incomplete biosynthesis of the LOS inner core. PMID:8631701

  2. Synthesis and characterization of fluorinated metal arsenates with a layer structure: (C4H12N2)(1.5)[M3F5(HAsO4)2(AsO4)] (M = Fe, Ga).

    PubMed

    Luo, S H; Jiang, Y C; Wang, S L; Kao, H M; Lii, K H

    2001-10-08

    Two fluorinated metal arsenates, (C(4)H(12)N(2))(1.5)[M(3)F(5)(HAsO(4))(2)(AsO(4))] (M = Fe, Ga), have been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, magnetic susceptibility, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and (71)Ga NMR spectroscopy. The two compounds are isostructural and crystallize in the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c (No. 14) with a = 8.394(1) A, b = 21.992(3) A, c = 10.847(1) A, beta = 96.188(2) degrees, and Z = 4 for the Fe compound, and a = 8.398(1) A, b = 21.730(3) A, c = 10.679(1) A, beta = 95.318(2) degrees, and Z = 4 for the Ga compound. The structure consists of infinite chains of corner-sharing MX(6) (X = O, F) octahedra and dimers of edge-sharing MO(3)F(3) octahedra, which are linked into two-dimensional sheets through arsenate tetrahedra with diprotonated piperazinium cations between the sheets. Magnetic susceptibility and Mössbauer spectroscopy confirm the presence of Fe(III). The (71)Ga MAS NMR spectrum clearly shows a line shape consisting of three components, corresponding to three crystallographically distinct Ga sites.

  3. Structural characterization, thermal, ac conductivity and dielectric properties of (C7H12N2)2[SnCl6]Cl2.1.5H2O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hajji, Rachid; Oueslati, Abderrazek; Hajlaoui, Fadhel; Bulou, Alain; Hlel, Faouzi

    2016-05-01

    (C7H12N2)2[SnCl6]Cl2.1.5H2O is crystallized at room temperature in the monoclinic system (space group P21/n). The isolated molecules form organic and inorganic layers parallel to the (a, b) plane and alternate along the c-axis. The inorganic layer is built up by isolated SnCl6 octahedrons. Besides, the organic layer is formed by 2,4-diammonium toluene cations, between which the spaces are filled with free Cl- ions and water molecules. The crystal packing is governed by means of the ionic N-H...Cl and Ow-H...Cl hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. The thermal study of this compound is reported, revealing two phase transitions around 360(±3) and 412(±3) K. The electrical and dielectric measurements were reported, confirming the transition temperatures detected in the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The frequency dependence of ac conductivity at different temperatures indicates that the correlated barrier hopping (CBH) model is the probable mechanism for the ac conduction behavior.

  4. Effect of CuO2 planes on the structural and superconducting transport properties of [CuTl - 12(n - 1)n;n = 2,3,4] superconductor family

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Muzaffar, M. Usman; Khan, Nawazish A.

    2016-06-01

    Cu0.5Tl0.5Ba2Can-1CunO2n+4-δ (n = 2, 3, 4) superconducting bulk samples have been synthesized by using two-step solid state reaction method. We investigated the effects of CuO2 planes on the structural and superconducting transport properties of [CuTl - 12(n - 1)n; n = 2, 3, 4] superconducting family. These samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) absorption spectroscopy and DC-resistivity (ρ) measurements. These samples are c-axis length oriented and have shown orthorhombic crystal structure. All the samples have shown metallic variations of resistivity from room temperature down to onset of superconductivity. The zero resistivity critical temperature Tc(R = 0) increases with the increase in superconducting planes and normal state resistivity systematically decreases, which show the density of inadvertent defects decreases in the final compound. The apical oxygen phonon modes are hardened as observed in the FTIR absorption measurements. The intrinsic microscopic superconducting parameters, such as the cross-over temperatures, coherence length along c-axis (ξc(0)) at 0 K, inter-layer coupling (J), inter-grain coupling (α) and fermi velocity (VF), were extracted from the fluctuation-induced conductivity (FIC) analysis. FIC analysis also showed the improvement in superconductivity with the increase in CuO2 planes.

  5. Prognostic Significance of the Number of Positive Lymph Nodes in Women With T1-2N1 Breast Cancer Treated With Mastectomy: Should Patients With 1, 2, and 3 Positive Lymph Nodes Be Grouped Together?

    SciTech Connect

    Dai Kubicky, Charlotte; Mongoue-Tchokote, Solange

    2013-04-01

    Purpose: To determine whether patients with 1, 2, or 3 positive lymph nodes (LNs) have similar survival outcomes. Methods and Materials: We analyzed the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registry of breast cancer patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2003. We identified 10,415 women with T1-2N1M0 breast cancer who were treated with mastectomy with no adjuvant radiation, with at least 10 LNs examined and 6 months of follow-up. The Kaplan-Meier method and log–rank test were used for survival analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Cox proportional hazard model. Results: Median follow-up was 92 months. Ten-year overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) were progressively worse with increasing number of positive LNs. Survival rates were 70%, 64%, and 60% (OS), and 82%, 76%, and 72% (CSS) for 1, 2, and 3 positive LNs, respectively. Pairwise log–rank test P values were <.001 (1 vs 2 positive LNs), <.001 (1 vs 3 positive LNs), and .002 (2 vs 3 positive LNs). Multivariate analysis showed that number of positive LNs was a significant predictor of OS and CSS. Hazard ratios increased with the number of positive LNs. In addition, age, primary tumor size, grade, estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status, race, and year of diagnosis were significant prognostic factors. Conclusions: Our study suggests that patients with 1, 2, and 3 positive LNs have distinct survival outcomes, with increasing number of positive LNs associated with worse OS and CSS. The conventional grouping of 1-3 positive LNs needs to be reconsidered.

  6. Minimally invasive selective neck dissection: a prospective study of endoscopically assisted dissection via a small submandibular approach in cT(1-2_N(0) oral squamous cell carcinoma.

    PubMed

    Fan, Song; Liang, Fa-Ya; Chen, Wei-Liang; Yang, Zhao-Hui; Huang, Xiao-Ming; Wang, You-Yuan; Lin, Zhao-Yu; Zhang, Da-Ming; Zhou, Bin; Chen, Wei-Xiong; Chai, Qiang; Wang, Hui-Jin; Pan, Chao-Bin; Liang, Qi-Xiang; Yu, Xin; Dias-Ribeiro, Eduardo; Feng, Yu-Huan; Li, Jin-Song

    2014-11-01

    Selective neck dissection (SND) in clinical N0 (cN0) cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has been performed by surgeons using a retroauricular or modified facelift approach with robotic or endoscopic assistance. However, these procedures provide cosmetic satisfaction at the cost of possible maximal invasiveness. In this prospective study, we introduced and evaluated the feasibility as well as surgical invasiveness and cosmetic outcome of endoscopically-assisted SND via a small submandibular approach. Forty-four patients with cT1-2N0 oral SCC (OSCC) were randomly divided into two groups of endoscopically-assisted SND and conventional SND. Perioperative and postoperative outcomes of patients were evaluated, including the length of the incision, operating time for neck dissection, estimated blood loss during the operation, amount and duration of drainage, total hospitalization period, total number of lymph nodes retrieved, satisfaction scores based on the cosmetic results, perioperative local complications, shoulder syndrome, and follow-up information. The mean operation time in the endoscopically-assisted group (126.04 ± 12.67 min) was longer than that in the conventional group (75.67 ± 16.67 min). However, the mean length of the incision was 4.33 ± 0.76 cm in the endoscopically-assisted SND group, and the amount and duration of drainage, total hospital stay, postoperative shoulder pain score, and cosmetic outcomes were superior in the endoscopically-assisted SND group. Additionally, the retrieved lymph nodes and complications were comparable. Endoscopically-assisted SND via a small submandibular approach had a longer operation time than the conventional approach. However, endoscopically-assisted SND was feasible and reliable while providing minimal invasiveness and satisfactory appearance.

  7. A Hirshfeld surface analysis, crystal structure and infrared characterization of a new organic cyclohexaphosphate, (C8H12N)4(Li)2(P6O18)(H2O)6

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khedhiri, L.; Ferretti, V.; Jelsch, C.; Rzaigui, M.; Ben Nasr, C.

    2017-04-01

    Single crystals of a new organic cyclohexaphosphate (C8H12N)4(Li)2(P6O18)(H2O)6 prepared by an acid/base reaction between cyclohexaphosphoric acid H6P6O18 and 2,6-dimethylaniline, have been successfully grown by slow evaporation technique at room temperature. This compound was characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FT-IR spectroscopy. The results show that the title compound was phased with a triclinic structure and P-1 space group. The crystal structure was solved by using 5203 independent reflections with a final R value of 0.031. The P6O18 ring is centrosymmetrical. Its main geometrical features are those commonly observed in others cyclohexaphosphates. The atomic arrangement of this compound can be described by an organization in a three-dimensional framework, built up from alternated organic and inorganic species. Adjacent P6O18 rings are linked via corner-sharing by LiO4 tetrahedra, generating anionic [Li2(P6O18)(H2O)]4- layers parallel to (110). Charge balance is achieved by the protonated amine which is trapped in the interlayer space and interacts with the organic framework through strong and medium hydrogen bonding. An extensive network of Nsbnd H⋯O and Osbnd H⋯O hydrogen-bonding interactions link the components into a three-dimensional network and additional stabilization is provided by weak Csbnd H⋯O hydrogen bonds. Intermolecular interactions were investigated by Hirshfeld surfaces. The vibrational absorption bands were identified by infrared spectroscopy. The stretching modes of P6O18 ring and band assignments are described.

  8. Oncological outcomes of minimally invasive partial versus minimally invasive radical nephrectomy for cT1-2/N0/M0 clear cell renal cell carcinoma: a propensity score-matched analysis.

    PubMed

    Simone, Giuseppe; Tuderti, Gabriele; Anceschi, Umberto; Papalia, Rocco; Ferriero, Mariaconsiglia; Misuraca, Leonardo; Minisola, Francesco; Mastroianni, Riccardo; Costantini, Manuela; Guaglianone, Salvatore; Sentinelli, Steno; Gallucci, Michele

    2017-05-01

    To compare the oncologic outcomes of partial nephrectomy (PN) and radical nephrectomy (RN) for cT1-2/N0 renal tumors and pathologically confirmed pT1-pT3a-pNx clear cell (cc)-renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Few studies compared the oncologic outcomes of PN and RN for renal tumors >7 cm. A prospective "renal cancer" database was queried for cT<3-cN0-cM0 and pT1a-pT3a-pNx cc-RCC. Out of 1650 cases treated between 2001 and 2013, 921 were cc-RCC and 666 met inclusion criteria, 232 of which treated with minimally invasive RN and 434 with MIPN. A 1:1 propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis was employed to minimize the selection bias of non-random assignment of patients to PN as opposed to RN. Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the oncologic outcomes of the PSM cohorts. Survival rates were computed at 2, 5, and 10 years after surgery, and the log-rank test was applied to assess statistical significance between the two PSM groups. RN tumors were significantly larger (p < 0.001), with higher pT stages (p < 0.001), higher Fuhrman grades (p = 0.002) and a more frequent sarcomatoid differentiation (p = 0.04). After applying the PSM analysis, the two cohorts of 155 RN and 155 PN cases did not differ for all clinical and pathologic covariates (all p ≥ 0.32). PN and RN cohorts displayed comparable 5-year metastasis-free survival (88.9 vs 89.9 %, p = 0.811), local recurrence-free survival (94.2 vs 95.9 %, p = 0.283), overall survival (94.5 vs 96.8 %, p = 0.419) and cancer-specific survival (96 vs 98.6 %, p = 0.907) rates. PN and RN for patients with cc-RCC larger than 7 cm provided equivalent oncologic outcomes. Safety and reproducibility of our findings should be further investigated in larger multicentric cohorts.

  9. Experimental determination of solubilities of di-calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid hydrate [Ca2C10H12N2O8·7H2O(s)] in NaCl and MgCl2 solutions to high ionic strengths and its Pitzer model: Applications to geological disposal of nuclear waste and other low temperature environments

    DOE PAGES

    Xiong, Yongliang; Kirkes, Leslie; Westfall, Terry

    2017-04-01

    In this study, solubility measurements on di-calcium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [Ca2C10H12N2O8(s), abbreviated as Ca2EDTA(s)] as a function of ionic strength are conducted in NaCl solutions up to I = 5.0 mol•kg–1 and in MgCl2 solutions up to I = 7.5 mol•kg–1, at room temperature (22.5 ± 0.5oC).

  10. The decay of the T=1 isospin triplet in A=12 systems: IV. The energy dependence of the asymmetry coefficientsα _{β ^ mp } of the beta-ray angular distribution in aligned12B and12N and the induced pseudotensor interaction

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Szybisz, L.; Behrens, H.

    1980-12-01

    The asymmetry parametersα _{β ^ mp } of the beta-ray emitted from aligned12B and12N are evaluated as a function of the energy. The agreement with experimental differential data is excellent for bothα _{β ^ - } ( W) andα _{β ^ + } ( W). This work confirms, using available nuclear model information, that no induced pseudotensor (IPT) interaction is required for a correct theoretical interpretation of the data. An upper limit for the IPT coupling constant f T is determined from a simultaneous fit ofα _{β ^ - } ( W) andα _{β ^ + } ( W).

  11. Structural characterization, thermal, spectroscopic and magnetic studies of the (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Mn{sub 1.50}{sup II}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] and (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Co{sub 1.50}{sup II}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] compounds

    SciTech Connect

    Bazan, B.

    2008-05-06

    The (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.94}[Mn{sub 1.50}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] and (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Co{sub 1.50}Fe{sub 1.50}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}] compounds 1 and 2 have been synthesized using mild hydrothermal conditions. These phases are isostructural with (C{sub 3}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}){sub 0.75}[Fe{sub 1.5}{sup II}Fe{sub 1.5}{sup III}(AsO{sub 4})F{sub 6}]. The compounds crystallize in the orthorhombic Imam space group. The unit cell parameters calculated by using the patterns matching routine of the FULPROOF program, starting from the cell parameters of the iron(II),(III) phase, are: a 7.727(1) A, b = 11.047(1) A, c = 13.412(1) A for 1 and a = 7.560(1) A, b 11.012(1) A, c = 13.206(1) A for 2, being Z = 8 in both compounds. The crystal structure consists of a three-dimensional framework constructed from edge-sharing [M{sup II}(1){sub 2}O{sub 2}F{sub 8}] (M = Mn, Co) dimeric octahedra linked to [Fe{sup III}(2)O{sub 2}F{sub 4}] octahedra through the F(1) anions and to the [AsO{sub 4}] tetrahedra by the O(1) vertex. This network gives rise two kinds of chains, which are extended in perpendicular directions. Chain 1 is extended along the a-axis and chain 2 runs along the c-axis. These chains are linked by the F(1) and O(1) atoms and establish cavities delimited by eight or six polyhedra along the [1 0 0] and [0 0 1] directions, respectively. The propanediammonium cations are located inside these cavities. The thermal study indicates that the structures collapse with the calcination of the organic dication at 255 and 285 deg. C for 1 and 2, respectively. The Moessbauer spectra in the paramagnetic state indicate the existence of two crystallographically independent positions for the iron(III) cations and a small proportion of this cation in the positions of the divalent Mn(II) and Co(II) ones. The IR spectrum shows the protonated bands of the H{sub 2}N- groups of the propanediamine molecule and the characteristic bands of the

  12. Solvothermal synthesis, multi-temperature crystal structures and physical properties of isostructural coordination polymers, 2C4H12N+[M3(C8H4O4)4]2-.3C5H11NO, M = Co, Zn.

    PubMed

    Damgaard Poulsen, Rasmus; Bentien, Anders; Christensen, Mogens; Brummerstedt Iversen, Bo

    2006-04-01

    Two isostructural metal organic framework (MOF) structures have been synthesized by solvothermal methods and examined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. A microcrystal of 2C4H12N+[Co3(C8H4O4)4]2-.3C5H11NO (1) was investigated at T = 120 K using synchrotron radiation. 2C4H12N+[Zn3(C8H4O4)4]2-.3C5H11NO (2) was investigated at multiple temperatures (T = 30, 100, 200 and 300 K) on a conventional diffractometer. The thermal expansion of the structure of (2) is anisotropic and along the a axis, which corresponds to the metal chain direction. The structures contain anionic frameworks with cations and solvent molecules trapped in the voids. The magnetic susceptibility (chi) and heat capacity (C(p)) have been measured from 1.8 to 350 K. Compound (1) orders ferromagnetically with a broad phase transition observed in C(p) at approximately 6 K. The magnetic moment reaches a value of 3 micro(B) per Co at 2 K in a magnetic field of 9 T, and a Curie-Weiss fit to chi(T) gives an effective moment (mu(eff)) of 4.2 mu(B) and a Weiss temperature (theta) of 23 K. The exchange mechanism for the magnetic coupling is suggested to involve the Co-O-Co bridges in the individual three-metal-atom subchains. The three-dimensional magnetism presumably is due to super-exchange through two out of the three unique C8H4O4 linker molecules, which have the carboxylate and benzene pi systems well aligned.

  13. Neutral and cationic V(IV)/V(V) mixed-valence alkoxo-polyoxovanadium clusters [V6O7(OR)12]n+ (R = -CH3, -C2H5): structural, cyclovoltammetric and IR-spectroscopic investigations on mixed valency in a hexanuclear core.

    PubMed

    Daniel, Charles; Hartl, Hans

    2005-10-12

    The alkoxo-polyoxovanadium clusters [V6O7(OR)12]n+ (R = -CH3, -C2H5) are fully alkylated polyoxometalate derivatives comprising a hexavanadate core with the vanadium ions organized in an octahedral fashion, a classic isopolyoxometalate structure (Lindqvist) which as an entity is not known for vanadium. The clusters are highly redox-active compounds, displaying a large number of thermodynamically stable redox isomers of which the chemical syntheses and structural characterization of the neutral and cationic V(IV)/V(V) mixed-valence species [V(IV)(4-n)V(V)(2+n)O7(OR)12]n+ [SbCl6]n (R = -CH3, n = 0, 1; R = -C2H5, n = 0, 1, 2) are presented here. Neutral and positively charged clusters remain exceptional in the field of polyoxometalate chemistry. Results obtained from cyclic voltammetry, infrared spectroscopy, and from valence sum calculations conducted on X-ray structural data classify these clusters as class II mixed-valence compounds. Their highly symmetrical molecular structures make them particularly interesting as model compounds for the investigation of intervalence charge transfer and electron delocalization in the hexanuclear core. Furthermore, the large number of isostructural redox isomers affords a high variability in d-electron content. Accordingly, a dependency could clearly be established between the extent of electron delocalization and the V(IV)/V(V) ratio in a cluster species. A further interesting observation concerns the neutral ethoxo compound [V(IV)4V(V)2O7(OC2H5)12] (3) which exhibits a crystallographic phase transition accompanied by the conversion from a structure at 173 K with fully localized valencies to a room-temperature modification displaying complete d-electron delocalization.

  14. Calorimetric Investigation of Thermal Stability of 304H Cu (Fe-17.7Cr-9.3Ni-2.95Cu-0.91Mn-0.58Nb-0.24Si-0.1C-0.12N-Wt Pct) Austenitic Stainless Steel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tripathy, Haraprasanna; Subramanian, Raju; Hajra, Raj Narayan; Rai, Arun Kumar; Rengachari, Mythili; Saibaba, Saroja; Jayakumar, Tammana

    2016-12-01

    The sequence of phase instabilities that take place in a Fe-17.7Cr-9.3Ni-0.58Nb-2.95Cu-0.12N (wt pct) austenitic stainless steel (304H Cu grade) as a function of temperature has been investigated using dynamic calorimetry. The results obtained from this investigation are supplemented by Thermocalc-based equilibrium and Scheil-Gulliver nonequilibrium solidification simulation. The following phase transformation sequence is found upon slow cooling from liquid: L → L + γ → L + γ + MX → γ + MX + δ → γ +MX + M23C6 → γ + MX + M23C6 + Cu. Under slow cooling, the solidification follows austenite + ferrite (AF) mode, which is in accordance with Thermocalc prediction and Scheil-Gulliver simulation. However, higher cooling rates result in skeletal δ-ferrite formation, due to increased segregation tendency of Nb and Cr to segregate to interdendritic liquid. The solidification mode is found to depend on combined Nb + Cu content. Experimental estimates of enthalpy change associated with melting and secondary phase precipitation are also obtained. In addition a semi-quantitative study on the dissolution kinetics of M23C6 type carbides has also been investigated. The standard solution treatment at 1413 K (1140 °C) is found to be adequate to dissolve both Cu and M23C6 into γ-austenite; but the complete dissolution of MX type carbonitrides occurs near the melting region.

  15. Hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure, thermal behavior, ferromagnetic resonance and ferrimagmetic behavior of (C 4H 12N 2) 1.5[Fe 3(HAsO 4) 1.02(HPO 4) 0.98(AsO 4) 0.88(PO 4) 0.12F 5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bazán, Begoña; Mesa, José L.; Pizarro, José L.; Lezama, Luis; Peña, A.; Arriortua, María I.; Rojo, Teófilo

    2006-05-01

    (C 4H 12N 2) 1.5[Fe 3(HAsO 4) 1.02(HPO 4) 0.98(AsO 4) 0.88(PO 4) 0.12F 5] has been synthesized by using mild hydrothermal conditions under autogeneous pressure. The crystal structure was solved from X-ray single crystal data. The compound crystallizes in the monoclinic P2 1/ c space group. The unit cell parameters are a=8.270(7), b=22.028(3), c=10.736(2) Å, β=99.79(2)° with Z=4. The crystal structure is formed from [Fe 3(HAsO 4) 1.02(HPO 4) 0.98(AsO 4) 0.88(PO 4) 0.12F 5] 3- sheets with the piperazinium cations located in the interlayer space, compensating the anionic charge and establishing hydrogen bonds. The IR and Raman spectroscopies confirm the existence of both the arsenate/hydrogenarsenate and phosphate/hydrogenphosphate oxoanions and the presence of the piperazinium dication. The reflectance diffuse spectrum is in good agreement with the existence of iron(III) high spin cations in slightly distorted octahedral geometry. The values of the Dq and Racah parameters are Dq=1005, B=1020 and C=2725 cm. The ESR spectroscopy shows the presence of ferromagnetic resonance. The g-value shifts from 1.99(1) in the 300-15 K range to 3.11(1) at lower temperatures. Magnetic measurements indicate the presence of a ferrimagnetic behavior with the existence of a weak hysteresis loop at 5 K.

  16. A new organically templated monodimensional mixed valence (Fe{sup II}/Fe{sup III}) phosphite: (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect

    Fernandez-Armas, Sergio

    2007-03-22

    The organically templated (C{sub 4}H{sub 12}N{sub 2})[Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}] compound has been synthesized under mild solvothermal conditions. The crystal structure has been determined from X-ray single-crystal diffraction data. The compound crystallizes in the P2{sub 1}/n monoclinic space group, with the unit-cell parameters a = 12.935(1), b = 6.4476(7), c = 15.693(2) A, {beta} = 105.630(9){sup o} and Z = 4. The crystal structure consists of [Fe{sup II}Fe{sup III}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 2}F{sub 3}]{sup 2-} chains formed by a central chain built of [Fe(2)O{sub 4}F{sub 2}] edge-sharing octahedra, and two side chains formed by alternating [Fe(1)O{sub 3}F{sub 3}] octahedra and [HP(1)O{sub 3}] tetrahedra. The piperazinium cations are placed between the chains linked by ionic and hydrogen interactions. The IR and Raman spectra show the existence of two phosphite crystallographically independent. From the diffuse reflectance spectrum the D {sub q} parameter for the iron(II) cations has been calculated (D {sub q} = 820 cm{sup -1}). The Moessbauer spectrum in the paramagnetic state shows the simultaneous presence of Fe{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}. The magnetic measurements indicate the existence of antiferromagnetic interactions.

  17. Radiotherapy for T1-2N0 glottic cancer: a multivariate analysis of predictive factors for the long-term outcome in 1050 patients and a prospective assessment of quality of life and voice handicap index in a subset of 233 patients.

    PubMed

    Al-Mamgani, A; van Rooij, P H; Woutersen, D P; Mehilal, R; Tans, L; Monserez, D; Baatenburg de Jong, R J

    2013-08-01

    To evaluate the outcomes of patients with early stage glottic cancer (GC) treated with radiotherapy (RT). The current study report on a retrospective analysis of oncologic outcome of 1050 patients with T1-2N0 glottic cancer treated with radiotherapy. Prospective assessment of quality of life (QoL) and voice handicap index (VHI) was performed in all patients treated from 2006 onwards (n = 233). Local control (LC), regional control (RC), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), quality of life and voice handicap index. After a median follow-up of 90 months (range 3-309), the actuarial rates of local control, regional control, disease-free survival and overall survival were 85%, 99%, 84% and 81% at 5 years and 82%, 98%, 80% and 61% at 10 years, respectively. On multivariate analysis, T2 tumours, smoking after radiotherapy and conventional radiation scheme correlated significantly with poor local control. Patients who continued smoking after radiotherapy had also significantly lower overall survival rates (OR 4.3, P < 0.001). Hypothyroidism was reported in 18% of patients. Slight and temporary deterioration of quality of life scores was reported. Patient-reported xerostomia and dysphagia at 48 months were -7.1 and -6.5, compared with baseline, respectively. Voice handicap index improved significantly from 37 at baseline to 18 at 48 months. Patients with T2b and those who continued smoking had significantly worse voice handicap index. In the current study, excellent outcome with good quality of life and voice handicap index scores were reported. T2 tumours, in particular T2b, and continuing smoking after radiotherapy correlated significantly with poor local control and worse voice handicap index. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. [Results of surgical treatment of oral cavity cancer T1-2N0M0].

    PubMed

    Karpenko, A V; Sibgatullin, R R; Belova, E N; Boĭko, A A; Zolotykh, V G; Roman, L D

    2014-01-01

    The article shows the results of treatment of 20 patients (aged from 46 to 85 years old) with early oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma at the period from April 2009 to January 2011. The surgery included the resection of primary tumor and neck dissection in all the patients. The primary tumor was removed by mouth access in 10 patients and combined method was used in 10 cases. The selective neck dissection was carried out in 22 cases. The oral cavity wounds were closed primarily by local flaps in 10 patients, some small residual defects were left open in 3 cases. The reconstructions with remote skin-muscular infrahyoid flap were performed in 7 patients. The free revascularized radial skin-fascia flap was used in 3 cases. A follow-up period was from 24 to 44 months. The primary local regional control consisted of 85% in given group of patients. The rate of recurrence of the second primary metachronous tumor was 15%. Tumors were located in the oral cavity. Overall 3-year survival was 90% (18 out of 20 patients).

  19. Computational Evaluation of the Feasibility of Nitrating Precursors to C12N12O12

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-10-20

    efforts to nitrate 3. 4 References 1. P. Sjoberg, J. S. Murray, T. Brinck and P. Politzer, Can. J. Chem., 68, 1440 (1990). 2. T. Brinck , J. S. Murray...4. T. Brinck , J. S. Murray and P. Politzer, J. Org. Chem., 56, 5012 (1991). 5. J. S. Murray, T. Brinck and P. Politzer, J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem

  20. Total body calcium analysis using the Ca-12(n, alpha) Ar-37 reaction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lewellen, T. K.; Nelp, W. B.

    1977-01-01

    A low dose neutron activation technique was developed to measure total body calcium in vivo. The effort had included development of irradiation and processing facilities and conduction of human studies to determine the accuracy and precision of measurement attainable with the systems.

  1. Sedimentary 12-n-Propylcholestanes, Molecular Fossils Diagnostic of Marine Algae.

    PubMed

    Moldowan, J M; Fago, F J; Lee, C Y; Jacobson, S R; Watt, D S; Slougui, N E; Jeganathan, A; Young, D C

    1990-01-19

    Certain C(30)-steranes have been used for identifying sedimentary rocks and crude oils derived from organic matter deposited in marine environments. Analysis of a C(30)-sterane from Prudhoe Bay oil indicates that these C(30)-steranes are 24-n-propylcholestanes that apparently are derived from precursor sterols 24-n-propylidene-cholesterols and 24-n-propylcholesterol. These widely occurring sterols are biochemically synthesized in modern oceans by members of an order (Sarcinochrysidales) of chrysophyte algae. These data thus imply that C(30)-sterane biomarkers in sedimentary rocks and crude oils have a marine origin. Screening of a few organic-rich sedimentary rocks and oils from throughout the Phanerozoic suggests that these C(30)-steranes first appeared and, therefore, their source algae evolved between Early Ordovician and Devonian.

  2. Materials Data on NiH12(N3O2)2 (SG:12) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-04-22

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  3. Materials Data on Al3H36C12N3F4 (SG:35) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-02-10

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  4. Spin dynamics in pressure-induced magnetically ordered phases in (C4H12N2)Cu2Cl6

    DOE PAGES

    Perren, G.; Möller, J. S.; Hüvonen, D.; ...

    2015-08-07

    In this paper, we present inelastic neutron-scattering experiments on the S=1/2 frustrated gapped quantum magnet piperazinium hexachlorodicuprate (PHCC) under applied hydrostatic pressure. These results show that at 9 kbar the magnetic triplet excitations in the system are gapless, contrary to what was previously reported. Our results are in agreement with recent muon-spin relaxation experiments which found magnetic order above a quantum-critical point at 4.3 kbar. Finally, we show that the changes in the excitation spectrum can be primarily attributed to the change in a single exchange pathway.

  5. Materials Data on FeH44C12(N5O8)2 (SG:2) by Materials Project

    DOE Data Explorer

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  6. Materials Data on CuH12N2(Cl2O)2 (SG:1) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-07-14

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  7. Materials Data on SiH12N2(O2F3)2 (SG:15) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-07-14

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  8. CXCL12 N-terminal end is sufficient to induce chemotaxis and proliferation of neural stem/progenitor cells.

    PubMed

    Filippo, Thais R M; Galindo, Layla T; Barnabe, Gabriela F; Ariza, Carolina B; Mello, Luiz E; Juliano, Maria A; Juliano, Luiz; Porcionatto, Marimélia A

    2013-09-01

    Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSC) respond to injury after brain injuries secreting IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-4 and IL-10, as well as chemokine members of the CC and CXC ligand families. CXCL12 is one of the chemokines secreted at an injury site and is known to attract NSC-derived neuroblasts, cells that express CXCL12 receptor, CXCR4. Activation of CXCR4 by CXCL12 depends on two domains located at the N-terminal of the chemokine. In the present work we aimed to investigate if the N-terminal end of CXCL12, where CXCR4 binding and activation domains are located, was sufficient to induce NSC-derived neuroblast chemotaxis. Our data show that a synthetic peptide analogous to the first 21 amino acids of the N-terminal end of CXCL12, named PepC-C (KPVSLSYRCPCRFFESHIARA), is able to promote chemotaxis of neuroblasts in vivo, and stimulate chemotaxis and proliferation of CXCR4+ cells in vitro, without affecting NSC fate. We also show that PepC-C upregulates CXCL12 expression in vivo and in vitro. We suggest the N-terminal end of CXCL12 is responsible for a positive feedback loop to maintain a gradient of CXCL12 that attracts neuroblasts from the subventricular zone into an injury site.

  9. Characteristic effects onto C13H12N2O3 molecule dissolved in solvents of argon plasma at atmospheric pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanışlı, Murat; Taşal, Erol

    2017-02-01

    We could easily argue that the decomposition of the chemical chain molecules is a compelling application when it comes to the atmospheric pressure plasma. In this paper, we have investigated the effect of the atmospheric pressure argon plasma on 4-((2-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl)benzene-1,3,-diol molecule (abbreviated as 4MBD) at room temperature. 4MBD molecule is one of the industrial dye molecules used widely. When considering the ecological life, this molecule is very harmful and dangerous. As such, we suggest a new decomposing method for such molecules. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet is principally treated for the breakdown of the molecule in question. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and UV-Vis spectrophotometry tools are used to characterization of the molecules subsequent to the plasma applications to 4MBD molecule in ethanol and methanol solvents. The atmospheric-pressure plasma jet of argon (Ar) as non-equilibrium has been formed by ac-power generator with frequency—24 kHz and voltage—12 kV. Characterizations for solutions prepared with ethanol and methanol solvents of 4MBD molecule have been examined after applying (duration 3 min) the atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The molecule is broken at 6C-7N-8N=9C stretching peak in consequence of the plasma treatment. The new plasma photo-products for ethanol and methanol solutions are produced as 6C-7N-8N=9C (strong, varying) and 12C=17O (strong, wide) stretching peaks. Also, the bathochromic drifts are discerned.

  10. Materials Data on NiH44C12N8(ClO5)2 (SG:2) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-02-04

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  11. Separable effects of human Kvbeta1.2 N- and C-termini on inactivation and expression of human Kv1.4.

    PubMed

    Accili, E A; Kuryshev, Y A; Wible, B A; Brown, A M

    1998-10-15

    1. The Kvbeta subunits of voltage-gated K+ channels alter the functional expression and gating of non- or slowly inactivating Kvalpha1 subunits via two separate domains. To determine how Kvbeta subunits modulate a rapidly inactivating Kvalpha1 subunit, we did two-microelectrode voltage clamp experiments on human Kv1.4 voltage-gated K+ channels expressed heterologously in Xenopus oocytes. In addition we tested a slowly inactivating mutant of Kv1.4 lacking amino acids 2-146 of the N-terminal alpha-ball domain (Kv1. 4DeltaN2-146). Kv1.4 or Kv1.4DeltaN2-146 were co-expressed with either rat Kvbeta2 or human Kvbeta1.2. To separate domain effects, we also used a mutant of Kvbeta1.2 lacking the unique 79 amino acid N-terminal beta-ball domain (Kvbeta1-C). 2. For the mutant Kv1.4DeltaN2-146 we found that Kvbeta1-C or Kvbeta2 increased current amplitude without altering activation or inactivation. By contrast Kvbeta1.2 produced rapid inactivation and slowed deactivation due to block produced by the beta-ball. The beta-ball also increased the rate of C-type inactivation in 5 mM, but not 50 mM, external K+ consistent with an effect of blockade on K+ efflux. 3. For Kv1.4, Kvbeta1-C produced a voltage-independent increase in the rate of inactivation and shifted the inactivation curve to more hyperpolarized potentials, but had no effect on deactivation. Kvbeta1-C, Kvbeta2 and Kvbeta1.2 slowed recovery from inactivation similarly, thereby excluding involvement of the beta-ball. Kvbeta1.2 produced an additional more rapid, voltage-dependent component of inactivation, significantly reduced peak outward current and shifted steady-state inactivation towards hyperpolarized potentials. 4. Yeast two-hybrid studies showed that alpha-beta interaction was restricted to the N-terminus of Kv1.4 and the C-terminus of Kvbeta1. 2 or Kvbeta2. Direct interaction with the alpha-ball did not occur. Our interpretation is that Kvbeta1-C and Kvbeta2 enhanced N-type inactivation produced by the Kv1.4 alpha-ball allosterically. 5. We propose that Kvbeta1.2 has three effects on Kv1.4, the first two of which it shares with Kvbeta2. First, Kvbeta1-C and Kvbeta2 have a current-enhancing effect. Second, Kvbeta1-C and Kvbeta2 increase block by the alpha-ball allosterically. Third, the beta-ball of Kbeta1.2 directly blocks both Kv1.4 and Kv1.4DeltaN2-146. When both alpha- and beta-balls are present, competition for their respective binding sites slows the block produced by either ball.

  12. High-rate Li4Ti5O12/N-doped reduced graphene oxide composite using cyanamide both as nanospacer and a nitrogen doping source

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeong, Jun Hui; Kim, Myeong-Seong; Kim, Young-Hwan; Roh, Kwang Chul; Kim, Kwang-Bum

    2016-12-01

    A Li4Ti5O12(LTO)/N-doped reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite is proposed using dual functional nitrogen doping source to prevent RGO restacking and achieve uniform nitrogen doping on RGO sheets to increase the rate performance of high-rate lithium ion batteries. The pore structure (both meso- and macro pores) is developed when RGO restacking is prevented, facilitating electrolyte ion diffusion to active sites with lower resistance. Uniform nitrogen doping on RGO sheets with high nitrogen contents provides additional free electrons to the sheets, resulting in increased electronic conductivity. Cyanamide is used as the nitrogen doping source for the N-doped RGO as well as a nanospacer between the RGO sheets. In the composite, the nitrogen content of the RGO sheets is 2.3 wt%, which increases the electronic conductivity of the composite to 1.60 S cm-1. The specific surface area of the composite is increased to 35.8 m2 g-1. Thus, the composite structure with the N-doped RGO sheets and porous secondary particles has high electrical conductivity and high ion accessibility. The LTO/N-doped RGO composite demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance with a low resistance of 48.4 Ω, a high specific capacity of 117.8 mAh g-1 at 30 C, and good cycle stability.

  13. Materials Data on Na2CuH20C12(N2O3)6 (SG:2) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2014-07-09

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  14. Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 477: Area 12 N-Tunnel Muckpile, Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2010-03-15

    This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD)/Closure Report (CR) was prepared by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 477, N-Tunnel Muckpile. This CADD/CR is consistent with the requirements of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) agreed to by the State of Nevada, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Defense. Corrective Action Unit 477 is comprised of one Corrective Action Site (CAS): • 12-06-03, Muckpile The purpose of this CADD/CR is to provide justification and documentation supporting the recommendation for closure with no further action, by placing use restrictions on CAU 477.

  15. Geochemical and hydrologic characterization of the effluent draining from U12e, U12n, and U12t tunnels, area 12, Nevada Test Site

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, C.E.; Gillespie, L.; Gillespie, D.

    1993-05-01

    The objective of the Tunnel Effluent Characterization Project at the Nevada Test Site was to characterize the tunnel effluents in terms of rate of discharge, pH, temperature, specific conductivity, turbidity, and aqueous chemistry. The parameters were monitored for one year to identify hazardous constituents within the effluent and to characterize temporal variations.

  16. Low-temperature Heat Capacities and Thermodynamic Properties of Crystalline 2-Aminopyridinium Benzoate (C12H12N2O2) (s).

    PubMed

    He, Dong-Hua; Di, You-Ying; Dan, Wen-Yan; Liu, Yu-Pu; Wang, Da-Qi

    2010-06-01

    2-Aminopyridinium benzoate was synthesized. Chemical analysis, elemental analysis, and X-ray crystallography were applied to characterize the composition and crystal structure of the compound. The lattice potential energy of the title compound was calculated to be UPOT = 284.297 kJ mol-1. Low-temperature heat capacities of the compound were measured by a precision automatic adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 K to 365 K. A polynomial equation of heat capacities against the temperature in the region of 78 K to 365 K was fitted by a least square method. Based on the fitted polynomial equation, the smoothed heat capacities and thermodynamic functions of the compound relative to the standard reference temperature 298.15 K were calculated at intervals of 5 K. According to the synthesis reaction, the standard molar enthalpies of dissolution for the reactants and product in the selected solvent were measured by an isoperibol solution-reaction calorimeter, respectively. Accordingly, the enthalpy change of the synthesis reaction was calculated to be ΔrHom = -(20.016 ± 0.182) kJ mol-1. Finally, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of 2-aminopyridinium benzoate was determined to be ΔfHom = - (365.416 ± 0.961) kJ mol-1 in accordance with Hess law.

  17. Characteristic effects onto C13H12N2O3 molecule dissolved in solvents of argon plasma at atmospheric pressure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanışlı, Murat; Taşal, Erol

    2017-07-01

    We could easily argue that the decomposition of the chemical chain molecules is a compelling application when it comes to the atmospheric pressure plasma. In this paper, we have investigated the effect of the atmospheric pressure argon plasma on 4-((2-methoxyphenyl)diazenyl)benzene-1,3,-diol molecule (abbreviated as 4MBD) at room temperature. 4MBD molecule is one of the industrial dye molecules used widely. When considering the ecological life, this molecule is very harmful and dangerous. As such, we suggest a new decomposing method for such molecules. Atmospheric pressure plasma jet is principally treated for the breakdown of the molecule in question. Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and UV-Vis spectrophotometry tools are used to characterization of the molecules subsequent to the plasma applications to 4MBD molecule in ethanol and methanol solvents. The atmospheric-pressure plasma jet of argon (Ar) as non-equilibrium has been formed by ac-power generator with frequency—24 kHz and voltage—12 kV. Characterizations for solutions prepared with ethanol and methanol solvents of 4MBD molecule have been examined after applying ( duration 3 min) the atmospheric pressure plasma jet. The molecule is broken at 6C-7N-8N=9C stretching peak in consequence of the plasma treatment. The new plasma photo-products for ethanol and methanol solutions are produced as 6C-7N-8N=9C (strong, varying) and 12C=17O (strong, wide) stretching peaks. Also, the bathochromic drifts are discerned.

  18. Hexamethylenetetramine (urotropine) C6H12N2: Interpreting the vibrational spectra of -d0 and -d12 isotopomers by scaling the quantum-chemical force field

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khaikin, L. S.; Grikina, O. E.; Kochikov, I. V.; Stepanov, N. F.

    2014-03-01

    The equilibrium structure and quadratic and cubic force fields of the urotropine molecule are calculated at the MP2 (full)/cc-pVTZ level. Pulay scaling of the quadratic force field allows unambiguous interpretation of the vibrational spectra of -d0 and -d12 urotropines. A reliable matrix for the quadratic force constants of urotropine is obtained which may be used to determine the parameters of the equilibrium structure of the urotropine molecule by means of gas-phase electron diffraction.

  19. Materials Data on MnP2H36C12N6(ClO)2 (SG:15) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect

    Kristin Persson

    2016-02-11

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  20. A novel gallium arsenate organically templated by propane-1,3-diyldiammonium with a ULM-3-type open framework: [Ga3(AsO4)3(OH)F]-(C3H12N2) x H2O.

    PubMed

    Loiseau, Thierry; Ferey, Gerard

    2004-03-01

    Crystals of the title oxyfluorinated gallium arsenate, viz. tris(arsenato)fluorohydroxotrigallium propane-1,3-diyldiammonium monohydrate, were synthesized hydrothermally at 453 K under autogenous pressure, using 1,3-diaminopropane as the structure-directing agent. The solid crystallizes in the orthorhombic system and its structure was determined from single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The structure is similar to that of gallium or aluminium phosphates with the ULM-3 structural type and is built up from a three-dimensional anionic framework composed of corner-linked hexameric Ga3(AsO4)3(OH)F units. The Ga atoms have an octahedral [GaO4(OH)F] or trigonal-bipyramidal [GaO4(OH) and GaO4F] coordination. These units are connected to one another and to the tetrahedral AsO4 groups via OH or F bridges. The three-dimensional framework contains ten-ring channels along [010], crosslinked by eight-ring channels along [110] and [110]. The diprotonated organic species and water molecules reside within the ten-ring channels. The cation is linked to the framework via an N-H...F hydrogen bond. A strong N-H...O hydrogen bond links the cation and the water molecule.

  1. Synthesis and characterization of the first organically templated metal oxalatophosphonate: (C3H12N2)0.5[Ga3(C2O4)(CH3PO3)4].0.5H2O.

    PubMed

    Lin, Chia-Hui; Lii, Kwang-Hwa

    2004-10-04

    The first organically templated gallium oxalatophosphonate has been synthesized under hydrothermal conditions and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis. The structure consists of GaO(6) octahedra and GaO(4) tetrahedra connected by methylphosphonate and bis-bidentate oxalate anions to form anionic sheets in the ab plane with the charge-compensating propylenediammonium cations and water molecules between the sheets. The methyl groups of the phosphonate ligands extend from both sides of the layers into the interlamellar region. Crystal data: monoclinic, space group P2(1)/n (No. 14), a = 8.8514(4) A, b = 16.3030(7) A, c = 15.0816(7) A, beta = 97.539(1) degrees, and Z = 4.

  2. N2O reduction over a fullerene-like boron nitride nanocage: A DFT study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esrafili, Mehdi D.

    2017-07-01

    We study, for the first time, the adsorption and catalytic decomposition of N2O molecule over a fullerene-like boron nitride nanocage (B12N12) using density functional theory calculations. It is found that the electron donating property of the cage plays an important role in the adsorption and activation of N2O. By the incorporation of a carbon atom into B12N12 cluster, our results indicate that the adsorption of N2O over B11N12C or B12N11C is more stronger than over pristine B12N12. The decomposition of N2O into N2 and O species over the C-doped clusters is energetically more favorable than that on B12N12. Moreover, the C-doping plays an important role in reducing the activation barrier for the CO + O* reaction over B12N12 surface.

  3. 76 FR 64968 - Notice of Filing of Plats of Survey; South Dakota

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-19

    ... surveyed are: Black Hills Meridian, South Dakota T. 12 N., R. 24 E. The plat, in three sheets, representing..., Township 12 North, Range 24 East, Black Hills Meridian, South Dakota, was accepted September 28, 2011. We...

  4. 75 FR 35970 - Safety Zone; North Jetty, Named the Barview Jetty, Tillamook Bay, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-24

    ... will cover all waters surrounding the Barview jetty within 250 feet starting at latitude 45 34'12'' N, longitude 123 57'31'' W; thence heading offshore to latitude 45 34'12'' N, longitude 123 57'58'' W; thence across the tip of the jetty to latitude 45 34'17.5'' N, longitude 123 57'58'' W; thence back inland...

  5. 75 FR 22336 - Safety Zone; North Jetty, Named the Barview Jetty, Tillamook Bay, OR

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-28

    ... Barview Jetty, near Tillamook Bay, Oregon starting at latitude 45 34'12'' N, longitude 123 57'31'' W; thence heading offshore to latitude 45 34'12'' N, longitude 123 57'02'' W; thence across the tip of the jetty to latitude 45 34'17.5'' N, longitude 123 57'02'' W; thence back inland to latitude 45 34'15''...

  6. Is an Elective Neck Dissection Necessary for All Cases of N0 Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma? -Elective Neck Dissection may be Performed for Tongue Cancer with Tumor Thickness More than 4 mm.

    PubMed

    Otsuru, Mitsunobu; Aoki, Takayuki; Ota, Yoshihide; Denda, Yuya; Akiba, Takeshi; Sekine, Riyo; Yoshida, Yoshifumi; Osaka, Ryuta

    2016-09-20

    We investigated whether neck dissection should be performed to prevent T1-2N0M0 tongue cancer by using the Weiss and colleague's decision tree method. The results showed that preventive neck dissection should not be recommended for T1-2N0M0 tongue cancer. However, preventive neck dissection is a suitable approach when treating tongue cancer tumors with a thickness of ≥ 4 mm.

  7. Forming heterojunction: an effective strategy to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of a new metal-free organic photocatalyst for water splitting.

    PubMed

    Li, Hengshuai; Hu, Haiquan; Bao, Chunjiang; Guo, Feng; Zhang, Xiaoming; Liu, Xiaobiao; Hua, Juan; Tan, Jie; Wang, Aizhu; Zhou, Hongcai; Yang, Bo; Qu, Yuanyuan; Liu, Xiangdong

    2016-07-29

    Photocatalytic water splitting is a new technology for the conversion and utilization of solar energy and has a potential prospect. One important aspect of enhancing the photocatalytic efficiency is how to improve the electron-hole separation. Up to now, there is still no ideal strategy to improve the electron-hole separation. In this article, for metal-free organic photocatalysts, we propose a good strategy- forming heterojunction, which can effectively improve the electron-hole separation. We provide a metal-free organic photocatalyst g-C12N7H3 for water splitting. The stability of g-C12N7H3 has been investigated, the X-ray diffraction spectra has been simulated. Using first-principles calculations, we have systematically studied the electronic structure, band edge alignment, and optical properties for the g-C12N7H3. The results demonstrated that g-C12N7H3 is a new organocatalyst material for water splitting. In order to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency, we provided four strategies, i.e., multilayer stacking, raising N atoms, forming g-C9N10/g-C12N7H3 heterojunction, and forming graphene/g-C12N7H3 heterojunction. Our research is expected to stimulate experimentalists to further study novel 2D metal-free organic materials as visible light photocatalysts. Our strategies, especially forming heterojunction, will substantially help to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of metal-free organic photocatalyst.

  8. Preparation of octahydro- and tetrahydro-[1,10]phenanthroline zirconium and hafnium complexes for olefin polymerization.

    PubMed

    Hwang, Eun Yeong; Park, Geun Ho; Lee, Chun Sun; Kang, Yi Young; Lee, Junseong; Lee, Bun Yeoul

    2015-02-28

    Post-metallocenes were constructed for olefin polymerization using 1,2,3,4,7,8,9,10-octahydro[1,10]phenanthroline and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro[1,10]phenanthroline derivatives. A series of zirconium complexes - LZrCl2(NHMe2)2 [L = 2,9-H2-C12H12N2 (4), 2,9-Me2-C12H12N2 (5), 2,9-nBu2-C12H12N2 (6), and 2,9-iPr2-C12H12N2 (7)] - and hafnium complexes - LHfCl2(NHMe2)2 [L = 2,9-H2-C12H12N2 (8), 2,9-Me2-C12H12N2 (9), 2,9-nBu2-C12H12N2 (10), and 2,9-iPr2-C12H12N2 (11)] - were synthesized via the reaction of octahydro[1,10]phenanthrolines (2,9-R2-C12H12(NH)2) with (Me2N)2MCl2 (DME). The reaction of 2,9-R2-C12H12(NH)2 with (PhCH2)2ZrCl2 in the presence of a small amount of THF afforded a series of THF adduct analogs, i.e., LZrCl2(THF)2 [L = 2,9-H2-C12H12N2 (12), 2,9-Me2-C12H12N2 (13), 2,9-nBu2-C12H12N2 (14), and 2,9-iPr2-C12H12N2 (15)]. The treatment of 12 and 13 with excess Me3Al resulted in the formation of unexpected complexes, i.e., (η(4)-LAlMe2)ZrCl2(Me) [L = 2,9-H2-C12H12N2 (16) and 2,9-Me2-C12H12N2 (17)], in which the Me2Al unit forms a five-membered ring through binding with the two nitrogen donors and the MeCl2Zr unit slips to an η(4)-binding mode containing the N-C-C-N fragment. The treatment of tetrahydro[1,10]phenanthrolines [2,9-R2-C12NH9(NH)] with M(CH2Ph)4 afforded tribenzyl zirconium complexes LZr(CH2Ph)3 - [L = 2,9-Me2-C12NH9N (18) and 2,9-nBu2-C12NH9N (19)] - and hafnium complexes - LHf(CH2Ph)3 [L = 2,9-Me2-C12NH9N (20), 2,9-nBu2-C12NH9N (21), and 2,9-iPr2-C12NH9N (22)]. The structures of 4, 5, 12, 17, and 22 were elucidated by X-ray crystallography. The newly prepared complexes were screened for ethylene/1-octene copolymerization activity: 12 and 16 were potent catalysts (activities of 74 × 10(6) g mol-Zr h(-1) at ∼120 °C under 30 bar ethylene) for the production of wax-like low-molecular weight polyethylene (Mn: ∼5000), which is widely used in industry.

  9. The Hartree-Fock exchange effect on the CO adsorption by the boron nitride nanocage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vessally, E.; Soleimani-Amiri, S.; Hosseinian, A.; Edjlali, L.; Bekhradnia, A.

    2017-03-01

    We studied the effect of Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange percentage of a density functional on the adsorption properties and electronic sensitivity of the B12N12 nanocluster to CO molecule. It was found that by an increase in the %HF, the LUMO level is nearly constant while the HOMO level is strongly stabilized, expanding the HOMO-LUMO gap (Eg). Also, the volume of the all structures decreased and the sensitivity of the B12N12 is slightly increased to CO molecule. For the pristine B12N12 cluster, the B66 and B64 bonds are about 1.43 and 1.49 Å at 10% HF, and 1.23 and 1.26 Å at 100% HF, respectively. The HF exchange between 10-20% may predict an accurate Eg for the B12N12 system. We concluded that functionals with a large %HF such as M06-HF, and M06-2X may significantly overestimate the Eg, and bond strength. We obtained a parabolic relationship between the %HF and the adsorption energy of CO molecule on the B12N12 cluster. Also, an increase in the %HF predicts a larger charge transfer from the CO molecule to the cage.

  10. Quantum spin Hall and Z2 metallic states in an organic material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Bao; Zhang, Jiayong; Feng, Wanxiang; Yao, Yugui; Yang, Zhongqin

    2014-11-01

    Motivated by recently searching for topological states in organic materials as well as successful experimental synthesis of a graphitelike metal-organic framework Ni3(C18H12N6 )2 [Sheberla et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 8859 (2014), 10.1021/ja502765n], we systematically investigated the electronic and topological properties of the Ni3(C18H12N6 )2 monolayer using an ab initio method combined with a tight-binding model. Our calculations demonstrate that the material can be in a quantum spin Hall or Z2 metallic state in different electron-doped concentrations, which are experimentally accessible with currently electrostatic gating technologies. The tight-binding model also shows that the real next-nearest-neighbor interaction is essential to drive the Z2 metallic phase in Ni3(C18H12N6 )2-type lattices.

  11. Confinement induced binding of noble gas atoms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khatua, Munmun; Pan, Sudip; Chattaraj, Pratim K.

    2014-04-01

    The stability of Ngn@B12N12 and Ngn@B16N16 systems is assessed through a density functional study and ab initio simulation. Although they are found to be thermodynamically unstable with respect to the dissociation of individual Ng atoms and parent cages, ab initio simulation reveals that except Ne2@B12N12 they are kinetically stable to retain their structures intact throughout the simulation time (500 fs) at 298 K. The Ne2@B12N12 cage dissociates and the Ne atoms get separated as the simulation proceeds at this temperature but at a lower temperature (77 K) it is also found to be kinetically stable. He-He unit undergoes translation, rotation and vibration inside the cavity of B12N12 and B16N16 cages. Electron density analysis shows that the He-He interaction in He2@B16N16 is of closed-shell type whereas for the same in He2@B12N12 there may have some degree of covalent character. In few cases, especially for the heavier Ng atoms, the Ng-N/B bonds are also found to have some degree of covalent character. But the Wiberg bond indices show zero bond order in He-He bond and very low bond order in cases of Ng-N/B bonds. The energy decomposition analysis further shows that the ΔEorb term contributes 40.9% and 37.3% towards the total attraction in the He2 dimers having the same distances as in He2@B12N12 and He2@B16N16, respectively. Therefore, confinement causes some type of orbital interaction between two He atoms, which akins to some degree of covalent character.

  12. Forming heterojunction: an effective strategy to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of a new metal-free organic photocatalyst for water splitting

    PubMed Central

    Li, Hengshuai; Hu, Haiquan; Bao, Chunjiang; Guo, Feng; Zhang, Xiaoming; Liu, Xiaobiao; Hua, Juan; Tan, Jie; Wang, Aizhu; Zhou, Hongcai; Yang, Bo; Qu, Yuanyuan; Liu, Xiangdong

    2016-01-01

    Photocatalytic water splitting is a new technology for the conversion and utilization of solar energy and has a potential prospect. One important aspect of enhancing the photocatalytic efficiency is how to improve the electron-hole separation. Up to now, there is still no ideal strategy to improve the electron-hole separation. In this article, for metal-free organic photocatalysts, we propose a good strategy- forming heterojunction, which can effectively improve the electron-hole separation. We provide a metal-free organic photocatalyst g-C12N7H3 for water splitting. The stability of g-C12N7H3 has been investigated, the X-ray diffraction spectra has been simulated. Using first-principles calculations, we have systematically studied the electronic structure, band edge alignment, and optical properties for the g-C12N7H3. The results demonstrated that g-C12N7H3 is a new organocatalyst material for water splitting. In order to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency, we provided four strategies, i.e., multilayer stacking, raising N atoms, forming g-C9N10/g-C12N7H3 heterojunction, and forming graphene/g-C12N7H3 heterojunction. Our research is expected to stimulate experimentalists to further study novel 2D metal-free organic materials as visible light photocatalysts. Our strategies, especially forming heterojunction, will substantially help to enhance the photocatalytic efficiency of metal-free organic photocatalyst. PMID:27470223

  13. [FACTORS OF PROGNOSIS IN PATIENTS WITH EARLY CANCER OF MAMMARY GLAND].

    PubMed

    Shchurov, M F; Voloshyna, N M; Pogorila, T Yu

    2015-12-01

    A survival indices in patients with early mammary gland cancer of a ductal infiltrating histology stage T1-2N0M0, who were treated in accordance to actual standards, differ significantly, what witnesses the necessity for searching of additional prognostic criteria. The investigation objective was to study the impact of independent and interrelated clinical, morphological and biochemical factors of prognosis on the survival indices in patients with mammary gland cancer stage T1-2N0M0 in conditions of local and systemic treatment.

  14. International Neural Network Society Annual Meeting (1994) Held in San Diego, California on 5-9 June 1994. Volume 4

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-06-09

    Q =< xx t >; covariance matrix of x. (4) Viewed another way, the simple Hebbian learning rule updates the connection strength w so as to maximize the...1 1. 1= Y= "" = IU), YM,...,r -1 ..- Di(Y) -diag{Y[ ’ ),Y", Y in , = 1,2,...,M D(X =diagOX1 ,x q , 3,X , j = 1,2,...,N. And.. j=1,2,...,N.) (i,) - 2...and q elements are represented as: S {S1,s,,..1=fe i I -, ,Xe io R {r,tr2..... r= yeye’,. The content of each element (s,, r) is transformed to the

  15. Indirect measurements of reactions in hot p-p chain and CNO cycles

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, Y. B.; Guo, B.; Jin, S. J.; Li, Z. H.; Binh, D. N.; Hashimoto, H.; Hayakawa, S.; He, J. J.; Hu, J.; Iwasa, N.; Kahl, D. M.; Kubono, S.; Kume, N.; Li, E. T.; Li, Y. J.; Liu, X.; Su, J.; Xu, S. W.; Yamaguchi, H.; Yan, S. Q.; and others

    2012-11-12

    Several reactions have been experimentally studied, including the {sup 12}N(d,n){sup 13}O and the ones induced by the {sup 3}He+{sup 12}C entrance channel. The former was carried out at the CRIB facility of University of Tokyo, aiming to indirectly determine the astrophysical reaction rates of the {sup 12}N(p,{gamma}){sup 13}O reaction. For the {sup 3}He+{sup 12}C entrance channel, many excited states of several nuclei are populated and the angular distribution of each state is being analyzed.

  16. Hemi(piperazinediium) hexaaquaaluminium(III) bis(sulfate) tetrahydrate: a new double aluminium sulfate salt.

    PubMed

    Bataille, Thierry

    2003-11-01

    Piperazinium aluminium sulfate decahydrate, (C(4)H(12)N(2))(0.5)[Al(H(2)O)(6)](SO(4))(2).4H(2)O, exhibits a crystal structure built from isolated [Al(H(2)O)(6)](3+), SO(4)(2-), C(4)H(12)N(2)(2+) and H(2)O units connected by a complex hydrogen-bond network. The title compound shows strong similarities to many double aluminium sulfates, such as alums and Tutton's salts. However, since its structure is not derived directly from that of these compounds, it is assumed to be a new structure type.

  17. Current progress of nuclear astrophysics experiments at CIAE

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Weiping; Li Zhihong; Su Jun; Bai Xixiang; Wang Youbao; Lian Gang; Guo Bing; Zeng Sheng; Yan Shengquan; Wang Baoxiang; Shu Nengchuan; Chen Yongshou

    2006-07-12

    This paper described current progress of nuclear astrophysical studies using the unstable ion beam facility GIRAFFE. We measured the angular distributions for some low energy reactions, such as 11C(d,n)12N, 8Li(d,p)9Li and 17F(d,n)18Ne in inverse kinematics, and indirectly derived the astrophysical S-factors or reaction rates of 11C(p,{gamma})12N, 8Li(n,{gamma})9Li, 8B(p,{gamma})9C at astrophysically relevant energies.

  18. International Boundary Study. Series A. Limits in the Seas. Number 36, National Claims to Maritime Jurisdictions.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-01-03

    Official Decree 12 n.m. gazeta Zyrtare No. 3 of Mo. 4650 of May 8, 1970, pp. 34 - 36, Art . 4 Mar. 9, 1970 CONTINENTAL 1970 Decree No. 4650, Party to...Continental Shelf SHELF Art . 9 Cojvention Dec. 7, 1964 EXCLUSIVE 1952 Decree No. 1535 12 n.m. Superseded by Decree No. 4650 FISHING (10+2) FISHERIES...Civil code 3 n.m. Repeated in Civil Code of 1929, SEA Art . 2340 Art . 2374 1969 Decree Law 200 n.m. Permits overflight and navigation. 17,094 of Sioned Dec

  19. Constellation-X Spectroscopy X-Ray Telescope Segmented Optic Alignment Using Piezoelectric Actuators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-11-18

    lines p=plot(D1(1,n)*mm,stress_semimaj(1,n)/MPa,’kd’,D1(2,n)*mm,stress_semimaj(2,n)/MPa,’k*’,D1(3,n)*mm,stress_sem imaj (3,n)/MPa,’ks’); xlabel(’D_1...plot(D1(1,n)*mm,stress_semimaj(1,n)/MPa,’kd’,D1(2,n)*mm,stress_semimaj(2,n)/MPa,’k*’,D1(3,n)*mm,stress_sem imaj (3,n)/MPa,’ks’); xlabel(’D_1 (mm

  20. MX Siting Investigation. Geotechnical Evaluation. Verification Study Muleshoe Valley, Nevada. Volume II. Geotechnical Data.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-06-30

    Table 11-2-1 . Data are coded with each numerical entry referring to a specific * soil condition as listed below. 6 (Grain Shape) 1) Angular , 2 ) Subangular...gravel, cobbles, boulders: give rock type (11, 12, N, etc.) in order of abundance. I I ITI 6. Grain Shape (coarse grained soil only): 1) Angular , 2 ) Subangular

  1. MX Siting Investigation Geotechnical Evaluation, Verification Study - Cave Valley, Nevada. Volume II. Geotechnical Data.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-10-26

    bottom of Table 11-2-1. Data are coded with each numerical entry referring to a specific soil condition as listed below. 6 (Grain Shape) 1) Angular , 2 ) Subangular...rock 4444 44 type (11, 12, N, etc.) in order of abundance. t. Grain Shape (ccarse grained soil only): 1) Angular , 2 ) Subanoular, 3) Suorounaed, 4

  2. Crystal structure of (1Z,4Z)-2,4-dimethyl-3H-benzo[b][1,4]diazepine

    PubMed Central

    Nieto, Carla I.; Claramunt, Rosa M.; Torralba, M. Carmen; Torres, M. Rosario; Elguero, Jose

    2017-01-01

    The title compound, C11H12N2, is not planar due to the folding of the seven-membered ring. In the crystal, mol­ecules are packed opposite each other to minimize the electronic repulsion but the long inter­molecular distances indicate that no directional contacts are found. PMID:28529767

  3. Personal Fables, Narcissism, and Adolescent Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aalsma, Matthew C.; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Flannery, Daniel J.

    2006-01-01

    The relationship among three personal fables ("omnipotence," "invulnerability," "personal uniqueness"), narcissism, and mental health variables was assessed in a large, cross-sectional sample of adolescents drawn from Grades 6 (n = 94), 8 (n = 223), 10 (n = 142), and 12 (n = 102). Participants responded to the New Personal Fable Scale, the…

  4. Inferential Processing among Adequate and Struggling Adolescent Comprehenders and Relations to Reading Comprehension

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barth, Amy E.; Barnes, Marcia; Francis, David; Vaughn, Sharon; York, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Separate mixed model analyses of variance were conducted to examine the effect of textual distance on the accuracy and speed of text consistency judgments among adequate and struggling comprehenders across grades 6-12 (n = 1,203). Multiple regressions examined whether accuracy in text consistency judgments uniquely accounted for variance in…

  5. Children's Ability to Learn Evolutionary Explanations for Biological Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shtulman, Andrew; Neal, Cara; Lindquist, Gabrielle

    2016-01-01

    Research Findings: Evolution by natural selection is often relegated to the high school curriculum on the assumption that younger students cannot grasp its complexity. We sought to test that assumption by teaching children ages 4-12 (n = 96) a selection-based explanation for biological adaptation and comparing their success to that of adults…

  6. Nevada Youth Risk Behavior Survey Report 1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soule, Penelope P.; Sharp, Joyce

    This report discusses results of the Nevada Department of Education's fourth statewide administration of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Students in grades 9, 10, 11, and 12 (N=2,702) from 75 public high schools participated in the study. Nevada high school students reported behaviors that equaled or exceeded goals established in the national…

  7. Omani Students' Views about Global Warming: Beliefs about Actions and Willingness to Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambusaidi, Abdullah; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Taylor, Neil

    2012-01-01

    A 44-item questionnaire was designed to determine students' views about how useful various "specific" actions might be in helping to reduce global warming, their willingness to undertake these various actions and the extent to which these two might be related. The instrument was administered to students in Grades 6 to 12 (N = 1532) from…

  8. Omani Students' Views about Global Warming: Beliefs about Actions and Willingness to Act

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ambusaidi, Abdullah; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin; Taylor, Neil

    2012-01-01

    A 44-item questionnaire was designed to determine students' views about how useful various "specific" actions might be in helping to reduce global warming, their willingness to undertake these various actions and the extent to which these two might be related. The instrument was administered to students in Grades 6 to 12 (N = 1532) from…

  9. 27 CFR 9.169 - Red Hills Lake County.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... intersection with the 1,400-foot contour line, section 3, T12N, R7W (Clearlake Highlands Quadrangle); then (2) Proceed east-southeasterly along the meandering 1,400-foot contour line onto the Lower Lake map south of Anderson Flat, then reverse direction with the contour line and continue westerly, leaving the Lower...

  10. 27 CFR 9.169 - Red Hills Lake County.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... intersection with the 1,400-foot contour line, section 3, T12N, R7W (Clearlake Highlands Quadrangle); then (2) Proceed east-southeasterly along the meandering 1,400-foot contour line onto the Lower Lake map south of Anderson Flat, then reverse direction with the contour line and continue westerly, leaving the Lower...

  11. 2,2,2-Tris(pyrazol-1-yl)ethanol

    PubMed Central

    McLauchlan, Craig C.; Smith, Brigette L.; Pippins, Reyhana S.; Nelson, Brandon M.

    2011-01-01

    The title compound TPE, C11H12N6O, was prepared by slow evaporation from diethyl ether. In the crystal, there is a hydrogen bond between the alcohol H atom and an N in the pyrazole ring of a neighboring mol­ecule. PMID:21754443

  12. 2,2,2-Tris(pyrazol-1-yl)ethanol.

    PubMed

    McLauchlan, Craig C; Smith, Brigette L; Pippins, Reyhana S; Nelson, Brandon M

    2011-05-01

    The title compound TPE, C(11)H(12)N(6)O, was prepared by slow evaporation from diethyl ether. In the crystal, there is a hydrogen bond between the alcohol H atom and an N in the pyrazole ring of a neighboring mol-ecule.

  13. Relationships between Anxiety, Fear, Self-Esteem, and Coping Strategies in Adolescence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrne, Bruce

    2000-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between anxiety, fear, self-esteem, and coping strategies with children aged 7 to 12 (N=224) in Australia. Specially examines whether these changes were gender specific. Results indicated girls had consistently low levels of self-esteem, while boys showed decreases in anxiety and fear by age 12. By year 12, boys and…

  14. Combining Nondeterministic Separation and Chemical Interactions for Concentration of Nanoparticles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-17

    10.1007/s002490050158. 2. J. P. Beech and J. O. Tegenfeldt, 2008, "Tuneable separation in elastomeric microfluidics devices," Lab on a Chip 8(5), 657...nature01736. 12. N. Pamme, 2007, "Continuous flow separations in microfluidic devices," Lab on a Chip 7(12), 1644– 1659. doi: 10.1039/b712784g. 13. S...

  15. Accounting for Veterans’ Educational Assistance Benefits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-01

    entry into training 4. Age, race, sex 5. Residence 6. Economic status 12N ..Note only the service member’s contributions are refunded. ... Additionally...13534 Educ~ational Assistance Allowance-POW Childre - 1; Coea Ai rm Trainsng-38 US.C. Ch. 35.................................8.0 73 rS August 24. 1979

  16. 12 CFR 362.3 - Activities of insured State banks.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...” and “moderate income” as defined for the purposes of § 345.12(n) (1) and (2) of this chapter. (iii... shall in no event exceed, when made, 100 percent of the bank's tier one capital as measured on the bank... permissible limit for any particular insured State bank is something less than 100 percent of tier one...

  17. Sensory Adapted Dental Environments to Enhance Oral Care for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cermak, Sharon A.; Stein Duker, Leah I.; Williams, Marian E.; Dawson, Michael E.; Lane, Christianne J.; Polido, José C.

    2015-01-01

    This pilot and feasibility study examined the impact of a sensory adapted dental environment (SADE) to reduce distress, sensory discomfort, and perception of pain during oral prophylaxis for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were 44 children ages 6-12 (n = 22 typical, n = 22 ASD). In an experimental crossover design, each…

  18. N-(2-Methyl-phen-yl)-4-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Chaithanya, U; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-09-01

    In the title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)O(4)S, the dihedral angle between the planes of the rings is 51.11 (10)°. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked into inversion dimers through pairs of N-H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds.

  19. Benzyl 3-[(E)-furfuryl-idene]dithio-carbazate.

    PubMed

    Shan, Shang; Tian, Yu-Liang; Wang, Shan-Heng; Wang, Wen-Long; Xu, Ying-Li

    2008-05-10

    In the title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)OS(2), the mol-ecule assumes an E configuration, with the furan ring and dithio-carbazate units located on opposite sides of the N=C double bond. In the crystal structure, mol-ecules are linked via two inter-molecular N-H⋯S hydrogen bonds to form centrosymmetric dimers.

  20. The Relation of Severity and Comorbidity to Treatment Outcome with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Childhood Anxiety Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liber, Juliette Margo; van Widenfelt, Brigit M.; van der Leeden, Adelinde J. M.; Goedhart, Arnold W.; Utens, Elisabeth M. W. J.; Treffers, Philip D. A.

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated the impact of comorbidity over and above the impact of symptom severity on treatment outcome of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for children with anxiety disorders. Children (aged 8-12, n = 124) diagnosed with an anxiety disorder were treated with a short-term CBT protocol. Severity was assessed with a composite measure…

  1. Explaining Melting and Evaporation below Boiling Point. Can Software Help with Particle Ideas?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papageorgiou, George; Johnson, Philip; Fotiades, Fotis

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a study exploring the use of a software package to help pupils understand particulate explanations for melting and evaporation below boiling point. Two matched classes in a primary school in Greece (ages 11-12, n = 16 and 19) were involved in a short intervention of six one hour lessons. Covering the same…

  2. 42 CFR 423.160 - Standards for electronic prescribing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... an intermediary, prescriptions and prescription-related information using electronic media for... prescription-related information using electronic media must comply with the applicable standards in paragraph.../271), April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X279. (ii) Authority: Section 1860D-4(e) of the Social Security Act...

  3. Gene expression in hypothalamus, liver and adipose tissues and feed intake response to melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) agonist in pigs expressing (MC4R) mutations

    USDA-ARS?s Scientific Manuscript database

    Transcriptional profiling was used to identify genes and pathways that responded to intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) agonist, NDP-MSH, in pigs homozygous for the missense mutation in the MC4R, D298 allele (n = 12), N298 allele (n = 12) or heterozygous (n = 12...

  4. Who Struggles Most in Making a Career Choice and Why? Findings from a Cross-Sectional Survey of Australian High-School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galliott, Natal'ya; Graham, Linda J.; Sweller, Naomi

    2015-01-01

    This article reports findings from an empirical study examining the influence of student background and educational experiences on the development of career choice capability. Secondary school students attending Years 9-12 (N = 706) in New South Wales, Australia, were invited to participate in an online survey that sought to examine factors…

  5. The Case of Design-Oriented Pedagogy: What Students' Digital Video Stories Say about Emerging Learning Ecosystems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anu, Liljeström; Jorma, Enkenberg; Sinikka, Pöllänen

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a case study in which multi-age students (aged 6-12, N?=?32) in small groups made autonomous inquiries about the phenomenon of winter fishing within the framework of design-oriented pedagogy. The research analyzed storytelling videos that the students produced as learning objects. These videos revealed a picture of the…

  6. Undersea Node Localization Using Node-to-Node Acoustic Ranges in Distributed Seaweb Network

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    a UUV Navigation Aid,” Proc. IEEE Oceans 2005, vol. 3, pp. 2485-2490, 2005. 98 [12] N. Bowditch , The American Practical Navigator, 2002...LCDR Bjorn Kerstens Defence Materiel Organisation The Hague, Netherlands 19. LT Scott Thompson Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California

  7. Resources and Constraints Affecting U.S. Army Activities in Latin America

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-09-01

    34 Washington Post, 17 January 1992, p. A12. n 7 Reported in Rick Maze, "Pentagon Persists on Reserve Cuts," Army Times, 30 December 1991, p. 6. 8 As...Security Assistance Agency Room 4B730, The Pentagon Washington, DC 20301 Dr. Riordan Roett SAIS Johns Hopkins University 1740 Massachusetts Avenue Washington

  8. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  9. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  10. 21 CFR 189.145 - Dulcin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.145 Dulcin. (a) Dulcin is the chemical 4-ethoxyphenylurea, C9H12N2O2. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 250 times that of sucrose, is not found...

  11. 21 CFR 189.145 - Dulcin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.145 Dulcin. (a) Dulcin is the chemical 4-ethoxyphenylurea, C9H12N2O2. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 250 times that of sucrose, is not found...

  12. 21 CFR 189.145 - Dulcin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.145 Dulcin. (a) Dulcin is the chemical 4-ethoxyphenylurea, C9H12N2O2. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 250 times that of sucrose, is not found...

  13. 21 CFR 189.175 - P-4000.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.175 P-4000. (a) P-4000 is the chemical 5-nitro-2-n-propoxyaniline, C9H12N2O3. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 4000 times that of sucrose,...

  14. 21 CFR 189.145 - Dulcin.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Direct Addition or Use as Human Food § 189.145 Dulcin. (a) Dulcin is the chemical 4-ethoxyphenylurea, C9H12N2O2. It is a synthetic chemical having a sweet taste about 250 times that of sucrose, is not found...

  15. The Impact of Science Education Games on Prescription Drug Abuse Attitudes among Teens: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klisch, Yvonne; Bowling, Kristi G.; Miller, Leslie M.; Ramos, Miguel A.

    2013-01-01

    Two online science education games, in which players learn about the risks of prescription drug abuse in the context of investigating crimes, were evaluated to determine shifts of prescription drug abuse attitudes attributable to game exposure. High school students from grades 11 and 12 (n = 179) were assigned to one of the games and participated…

  16. A planar chiral [2.2]paracyclophane derived N-heterocyclic stannylene.

    PubMed

    Piel, Isabel; Dickschat, Julia V; Pape, Tania; Hahn, F Ekkehardt; Glorius, Frank

    2012-12-07

    The reaction of pseudo-ortho-4,12-N,N'-diphenyldiamino-[2.2]paracyclophane ((±)-3) with Sn[N(SiMe(3))(2)](2) results in the formation of the monomeric planar chiral N-heterocyclic stannylene (±)-4, featuring a unique [2.2]paracyclophane backbone, which has been characterized by an X-ray diffraction study.

  17. Spontaneity and Equilibrium II: Multireaction Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raff, Lionel M.

    2014-01-01

    The thermodynamic criteria for spontaneity and equilibrium in multireaction systems are developed and discussed. When N reactions are occurring simultaneously, it is shown that G and A will depend upon N independent reaction coordinates, ?a (a = 1,2, ..., N), in addition to T and p for G or T and V for A. The general criteria for spontaneity and…

  18. Stratification of Rectal Cancer Stage for Selection of Postoperative Chemoradiotherapy: Current Status

    PubMed Central

    Gunderson, Leonard L.; Callister, Matthew; Marschke, Robert; Young-Fadok, Tonia; Heppell, Jacques; Efron, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Disease relapse (local, distant) and survival rates (overall [OS], disease-free [DFS]) are dependent on disease stage at time of diagnosis. In rectal cancer pooled analyses of phase III North American trials, OS and DFS were dependent on TN stage (N substage within T stage), NT stage (T substage within N stage), and treatment method. Three risk groups of patients were defined: (1) intermediate T1-2N1, T3N0; (2) moderately high T1-2N2, T3N1, T4N0; and (3) high T3N2, T4N1, T4N2. Patients with a single high-risk factor (T1-2N1, T3N0) were shown to have better OS, DFS, and disease control than patients with both high-risk factors. Although adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is indicated for patients with moderately high-risk and high-risk stage of disease, many of these patients are currently treated preoperatively if stage of disease can be defined. If surgery precedes adjuvant treatment, however, postoperative CRT is certainly indicated for these risk groups. For patients with intermediate-risk stage of disease (T1-2N1, T3N0), use of trimodality treatment (surgery plus radiotherapy and chemotherapy) in all patients may be excessive. The challenge is in determining which patients can be spared adjuvant CRT and whether it is worth the exercise. PMID:19259319

  19. Stratification of rectal cancer stage for selection of postoperative chemoradiotherapy: current status.

    PubMed

    Gunderson, Leonard L; Callister, Matthew; Marschke, Robert; Young-Fadok, Tonia; Heppell, Jacques; Efron, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Disease relapse (local, distant) and survival rates (overall [OS], disease-free [DFS]) are dependent on disease stage at time of diagnosis. In rectal cancer pooled analyses of phase III North American trials, OS and DFS were dependent on TN stage (N substage within T stage), NT stage (T substage within N stage), and treatment method. Three risk groups of patients were defined: (1) intermediate T1-2N1, T3N0; (2) moderately high T1-2N2, T3N1, T4N0; and (3) high T3N2, T4N1, T4N2. Patients with a single high-risk factor (T1-2N1, T3N0) were shown to have better OS, DFS, and disease control than patients with both high-risk factors. Although adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is indicated for patients with moderately high-risk and high-risk stage of disease, many of these patients are currently treated preoperatively if stage of disease can be defined. If surgery precedes adjuvant treatment, however, postoperative CRT is certainly indicated for these risk groups. For patients with intermediate-risk stage of disease (T1-2N1, T3N0), use of trimodality treatment (surgery plus radiotherapy and chemotherapy) in all patients may be excessive. The challenge is in determining which patients can be spared adjuvant CRT and whether it is worth the exercise.

  20. Diogenes in the Tower of Babel: Capitalism in Decline.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slive, David

    1979-01-01

    Responding to Woodward (Journal of Educational Thought; v12 n3 p190-96 Dec 1978), the author disagrees that youth's cynicism is traceable solely to the skepticism evoked by modern science. Rather, he finds it expicable in the unchallenged sway of empiricism--the dominant interpretation of science under capitalism. (Author/SJL)

  1. Diogenes in the Tower of Babel: Capitalism in Decline.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slive, David

    1979-01-01

    Responding to Woodward (Journal of Educational Thought; v12 n3 p190-96 Dec 1978), the author disagrees that youth's cynicism is traceable solely to the skepticism evoked by modern science. Rather, he finds it expicable in the unchallenged sway of empiricism--the dominant interpretation of science under capitalism. (Author/SJL)

  2. Anti-inflammatory drugs. IX. Hydrated diethylammonium (2-(2,6-dichlorophenylamino)phenyl)acetate (HDEA.D.H2O).

    PubMed

    Castellari, C; Comelli, F; Ottani, S

    2001-04-01

    In the solid-state structure of the title compound, C(4)H(12)N(+).C(14)H(10)Cl(2)NO(2)(-).H(2)O, the asymmetric unit contains one cation, one anion and a water molecule. A complex network of hydrogen bonds is present. A comparison is made with the structure of the anhydrous salt.

  3. Should We Teach Primary Pupils about Chemical Change?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papageorgiou, George; Grammaticopoulou, Maria; Johnson, Phil Michael

    2010-01-01

    Thirty-six pupils from three sixth-grade classes (ages 11/12, n = 75) in Greece were interviewed pre- and post-intervention in a piece of research on explanations of chemical phenomena. Software concerning chemical phenomena was incorporated in a teaching scheme, where the particle theory was used. After a 13 hour intervention, pupils'…

  4. Stability Reliability of the Behavior Rating Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellers, Robert A.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Examined test-retest stability of Behavior Rating Profile for students grades l-12 (N=198), parents (N=212), and teachers (N=176) on 3 norm-referenced scales. Found Teacher Rating scale reliable across all grades for screening and eligibility, Parent Rating scale reliable for Grade 3-12 screening and Grade 3-6,ll, and l2, eligibility. Found…

  5. Validation of the Social and Emotional Health Survey for Five Sociocultural Groups: Multigroup Invariance and Latent Mean Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Sukkyung; Furlong, Michael; Felix, Erika; O'Malley, Meagan

    2015-01-01

    Social-emotional health influences youth developmental trajectories and there is growing interest among educators to measure the social-emotional health of the students they serve. This study replicated the psychometric characteristics of the Social Emotional Health Survey (SEHS) with a diverse sample of high school students (Grades 9-12; N =…

  6. The Impact of Science Education Games on Prescription Drug Abuse Attitudes among Teens: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klisch, Yvonne; Bowling, Kristi G.; Miller, Leslie M.; Ramos, Miguel A.

    2013-01-01

    Two online science education games, in which players learn about the risks of prescription drug abuse in the context of investigating crimes, were evaluated to determine shifts of prescription drug abuse attitudes attributable to game exposure. High school students from grades 11 and 12 (n = 179) were assigned to one of the games and participated…

  7. EVALUATION OF NANOFILTRATION PRETREATMENTS FOR FLUX LOSS CONTROL

    EPA Science Inventory

    Differing nanofiltration pretreatment approaches for Ohio River water were evaluated withthe intent of producing systems with varying degrees of biological fouling. The membrane feed water was alum-coagulated, settled, and filtered Ohio River water (SF-ORW). Five 1.8" x 12" N...

  8. Sensory Adapted Dental Environments to Enhance Oral Care for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cermak, Sharon A.; Stein Duker, Leah I.; Williams, Marian E.; Dawson, Michael E.; Lane, Christianne J.; Polido, José C.

    2015-01-01

    This pilot and feasibility study examined the impact of a sensory adapted dental environment (SADE) to reduce distress, sensory discomfort, and perception of pain during oral prophylaxis for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants were 44 children ages 6-12 (n = 22 typical, n = 22 ASD). In an experimental crossover design, each…

  9. Relations among School Connectedness, Hope, Life Satisfaction, and Bully Victimization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Sukkyung; Furlong, Michael J.; Felix, Erika; Sharkey, Jill D.; Tanigawa, Diane; Green, Jennifer Greif

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the role of school connectedness in mediating the relation between students' sense of hope and life satisfaction for three groups: Bullied Victims, Peer Victims, and Nonvictims. Students in grades 5 to 12 (N = 866) completed the California Bully/Victim Scale, School Connectedness Scale, Children's Hope Scale, and Students'…

  10. Partially reduced graphene oxide based FRET on fiber optic interferometer for biochemical detection

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yao, B. C.; Wu, Y.; Yu, C. B.; He, J. R.; Rao, Y. J.; Gong, Y.; Chen, Y. F.; Li, Y. R.

    2017-04-01

    An all-fiber graphene oxide (GO) based 'FRET on Fiber' concept is proposed and applied in biochemical detections. This method is of both good selectivity and high sensitivity, with detection limits of 1.2 nM, 1.3 μM and 1 pM, for metal ion, dopamine and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), respectively.

  11. Explaining Melting and Evaporation below Boiling Point. Can Software Help with Particle Ideas?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papageorgiou, George; Johnson, Philip; Fotiades, Fotis

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports the findings of a study exploring the use of a software package to help pupils understand particulate explanations for melting and evaporation below boiling point. Two matched classes in a primary school in Greece (ages 11-12, n = 16 and 19) were involved in a short intervention of six one hour lessons. Covering the same…

  12. Confirmatory Factor Analysis of Planning, Attention, Simultaneous, and Successive Cognitive Processing Tasks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naglieri, Jack A.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Examined relationships among experimental tasks to measure planning, attention, simultaneous, and successive (PASS) cognitive processing following from Luria's theoretical model. Compared PASS model with null, memory-reasoning, verbal-nonverbal, and verbal-spatial-speed models. Results from students in grades K-2 (n=75) and 5-12 (n=132) indicated…

  13. Spontaneity and Equilibrium II: Multireaction Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raff, Lionel M.

    2014-01-01

    The thermodynamic criteria for spontaneity and equilibrium in multireaction systems are developed and discussed. When N reactions are occurring simultaneously, it is shown that G and A will depend upon N independent reaction coordinates, ?a (a = 1,2, ..., N), in addition to T and p for G or T and V for A. The general criteria for spontaneity and…

  14. Personal Fables, Narcissism, and Adolescent Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aalsma, Matthew C.; Lapsley, Daniel K.; Flannery, Daniel J.

    2006-01-01

    The relationship among three personal fables ("omnipotence," "invulnerability," "personal uniqueness"), narcissism, and mental health variables was assessed in a large, cross-sectional sample of adolescents drawn from Grades 6 (n = 94), 8 (n = 223), 10 (n = 142), and 12 (n = 102). Participants responded to the New Personal Fable Scale, the…

  15. Estimating Critical Path and Arc Probabilities in Stochastic Activity Networks.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-08-01

    N) is a function of the bounded variation of f in N and lower dimensions. Most importantly, uniform sequences exist for which DK 5 O((log K)N/K) (12...N-IHI+l)-dimensional integral over Hj.’l+l with integrand of bounded variation and that (8), using (16), ( ’d (18), is an approximation to this

  16. Airpower in Small Wars: The British Air Control Experience

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1985-04-01

    to dis nember the RAF from 1919 to 1929. 5. C. G. Grey, A History of the Air Ministry (London: Unwin Brothers, 1940 ), 173. 6. Flight Lieutenant F. A...England, 1923. 12. N. N. Golovine , "Air Strategy" (London: Gae and Polden, 1936), 24. 13. Sims, 39-40. 14. Air Vice Marshal F. R. Ludow-Hewitt, Air

  17. Validation of the Social and Emotional Health Survey for Five Sociocultural Groups: Multigroup Invariance and Latent Mean Analyses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Sukkyung; Furlong, Michael; Felix, Erika; O'Malley, Meagan

    2015-01-01

    Social-emotional health influences youth developmental trajectories and there is growing interest among educators to measure the social-emotional health of the students they serve. This study replicated the psychometric characteristics of the Social Emotional Health Survey (SEHS) with a diverse sample of high school students (Grades 9-12; N =…

  18. Adolescents' Beliefs about Sources of Help for ADHD and Depression

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swords, Lorraine; Hennessy, Eilis; Heary, Caroline

    2011-01-01

    The peer group begins to become a source of support during late childhood and adolescence making it important to understand what type of help young people might suggest to a friend with an emotional or behavioral problem. Three groups of young people participated in the study with average ages of 12 (N = 107), 14 (N = 153) and 16 years (N = 133).…

  19. Atmospheric Chemiluminescence: COCHISE and FACELIF Experiments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-02-24

    Ar (12% N2). Spectral resolution is 0.00 7-sm fwhm. Gas Figure 1. Diagram of the COCH ISE reaction chamber. The physical temperature is 80 K...discharges are lighted with a tesla coil. The tesla coil induces a large bias across the SSPM, causing many ion electron pairs to develop. The number of ions

  20. US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, PGC 6, 12/05/1995

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    2011-04-14

    ... I~t~,:,~ l~~i}~~tion ,1~.,..n~,,~r;c,lude th~ us~ ofp'5tf~;~~ labeling as alter- ... afl~lslcr L~'. ~(_IJ-l~ )k( .J.-Jsk i '1\\ 'chn i Cd 1 Ili ]I'ctm J 12-r,2l-~' 12n ...

  1. Children's Ability to Learn Evolutionary Explanations for Biological Adaptation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shtulman, Andrew; Neal, Cara; Lindquist, Gabrielle

    2016-01-01

    Research Findings: Evolution by natural selection is often relegated to the high school curriculum on the assumption that younger students cannot grasp its complexity. We sought to test that assumption by teaching children ages 4-12 (n = 96) a selection-based explanation for biological adaptation and comparing their success to that of adults…

  2. Should We Teach Primary Pupils about Chemical Change?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papageorgiou, George; Grammaticopoulou, Maria; Johnson, Phil Michael

    2010-01-01

    Thirty-six pupils from three sixth-grade classes (ages 11/12, n = 75) in Greece were interviewed pre- and post-intervention in a piece of research on explanations of chemical phenomena. Software concerning chemical phenomena was incorporated in a teaching scheme, where the particle theory was used. After a 13 hour intervention, pupils'…

  3. BH3-Amine and B(CH3)3-Amine Adducts as Additives for Liquid/Gel Hypergols and Solid Hybrid Rocket Motor Fuels: Property and Performance Predictions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-12-01

    and Thermolysis of Lithium, Magnesium Calcium and Strontium Tetraborate Complex Compounds With Triethylenediamine-Crystal Structure of 2BH3•C6H12N2...of Closed-Shell Atoms and Hydrides of the 1st-Row Elements. Journal of Chemical Physics 1988, 89 , 2193-2218. Petersson, G. A.; Tensfeldt, T

  4. EVALUATION OF NANOFILTRATION PRETREATMENTS FOR FLUX LOSS CONTROL

    EPA Science Inventory

    Differing nanofiltration pretreatment approaches for Ohio River water were evaluated withthe intent of producing systems with varying degrees of biological fouling. The membrane feed water was alum-coagulated, settled, and filtered Ohio River water (SF-ORW). Five 1.8" x 12" N...

  5. (E)-1-(2-Nitro-benzyl-idene)-4-phenyl-thio-semicarbazide.

    PubMed

    Feizi, Samaneh; Rezayan, Ali Hossein; Sardari, Soroush; Notash, Behrouz

    2012-07-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C(14)H(12)N(4)O(2)S, the conformation about the imine bond is trans. The dihedral angle between the two rings is 88.22 (11)°. An intra-molecular N-H⋯N contact occurs. The crystal structure features N-H⋯S and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.

  6. Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities. 1998 Student Survey Results.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soule, Peneloope P.; Sharp, Joyce E.

    This reports discusses results of the Nevada Department of Education's fifth biennial survey to assess drug and alcohol attitudes and use among students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12 (N=7,770). This 1998 survey also addresses issues of safety, violence, and school climate in keeping with the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of 1994.…

  7. 45 CFR 162.1702 - Standards for health plan premium payments transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... March 16, 2009: The ASC X12N 820—Payroll Deducted and Other Group Premium Payment for Insurance Products... Company, 004010X061A1. (Incorporated by reference in § 162.920.) (b) For the period from March 17, 2009...

  8. 45 CFR 162.1502 - Standards for enrollment and disenrollment in a health plan transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... transaction. (a) For the period from October 16, 2003 through March 16, 2009: ASC X12N 834—Benefit Enrollment..., 004010X095A1. (Incorporated by reference in § 162.920.) (b) For the period from March 17, 2009 through December...

  9. A Web-Based Intelligent Tutoring System Teaching Nursing Students Fundamental Aspects of Biomedical Technology

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    J. Thielen, J. Norris, “ Nursing education application of a computerized nursing expert system”, J. Nurs. Educ., vol. 29(6), pp. 244-248, 1990. [10...Syst., vol. 9(1-2), pp. 57-68, 1985. [12] N. Saleem, B. Moses, “Expert systems as computer assisted instruction systems for nursing education and

  10. 45 CFR 162.1402 - Standards for health care claim status transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X212E1. (Incorporated by... paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Status Request and Response (276/277), August 2006, ASC...

  11. 45 CFR 162.1802 - Standards for coordination of benefits information transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ....) (ii) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim... X12 Standards for Electronic Date Interchange Technical Report Type 3, October 2007, ASC X12N... Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim: Professional (837), May 2006, ASC...

  12. 45 CFR 162.1602 - Standards for health care electronic funds transfers (EFT) and remittance advice transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835), April 2006, ASC X12N/005010X221... for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, “Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835... same transmission, the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type...

  13. 45 CFR 162.1802 - Standards for coordination of benefits information transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ....) (ii) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim... X12 Standards for Electronic Date Interchange Technical Report Type 3, October 2007, ASC X12N... Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim: Professional (837), May 2006, ASC...

  14. 45 CFR 162.920 - Availability of implementation specifications and operating rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3. The implementation specifications for the ASC X12N and the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3 (and accompanying Errata or Type 1 Errata) may be... charged for all implementation specifications, including Technical Reports Type 3. Charging for...

  15. 45 CFR 162.1302 - Standards for referral certification and authorization transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X217E1... institutional request for review and response. The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Services Review—Request for Review and Response (278), May 2006, ASC...

  16. 45 CFR 162.1602 - Standards for health care electronic funds transfers (EFT) and remittance advice transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835), April 2006, ASC X12N/005010X221... for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, “Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835... same transmission, the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type...

  17. 45 CFR 162.1302 - Standards for referral certification and authorization transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X217E1... institutional request for review and response. The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Services Review—Request for Review and Response (278), May 2006, ASC...

  18. 45 CFR 162.1302 - Standards for referral certification and authorization transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X217E1... institutional request for review and response. The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Services Review—Request for Review and Response (278), May 2006, ASC...

  19. 45 CFR 162.1602 - Standards for health care electronic funds transfers (EFT) and remittance advice transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835), April 2006, ASC X12N/005010X221... for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, “Health Care Claim Payment/Advice (835... same transmission, the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type...

  20. 45 CFR 162.1802 - Standards for coordination of benefits information transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ....) (ii) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim... X12 Standards for Electronic Date Interchange Technical Report Type 3, October 2007, ASC X12N... Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim: Professional (837), May 2006, ASC...

  1. 45 CFR 162.1302 - Standards for referral certification and authorization transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X217E1... institutional request for review and response. The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Services Review—Request for Review and Response (278), May 2006, ASC...

  2. 45 CFR 162.1802 - Standards for coordination of benefits information transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ....) (ii) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim... X12 Standards for Electronic Date Interchange Technical Report Type 3, October 2007, ASC X12N... Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim: Professional (837), May 2006, ASC...

  3. 45 CFR 162.1402 - Standards for health care claim status transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X212E1. (Incorporated by... paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Status Request and Response (276/277), August 2006, ASC...

  4. 45 CFR 162.1402 - Standards for health care claim status transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X212E1. (Incorporated by... paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Status Request and Response (276/277), August 2006, ASC...

  5. 45 CFR 162.1402 - Standards for health care claim status transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X212E1. (Incorporated by... paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Status Request and Response (276/277), August 2006, ASC...

  6. 45 CFR 162.1302 - Standards for referral certification and authorization transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X217E1... institutional request for review and response. The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Services Review—Request for Review and Response (278), May 2006, ASC...

  7. 45 CFR 162.1402 - Standards for health care claim status transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3, April 2008, ASC X12N/005010X212E1. (Incorporated by... paragraph (a) of this section; and (2) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim Status Request and Response (276/277), August 2006, ASC...

  8. 45 CFR 162.1802 - Standards for coordination of benefits information transaction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ....) (ii) The ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim... X12 Standards for Electronic Date Interchange Technical Report Type 3, October 2007, ASC X12N... Interchange Technical Report Type 3—Health Care Claim: Professional (837), May 2006, ASC...

  9. 45 CFR 162.920 - Availability of implementation specifications and operating rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3. The implementation specifications for the ASC X12N and the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3 (and accompanying Errata or Type 1 Errata) may be... charged for all implementation specifications, including Technical Reports Type 3. Charging for...

  10. 45 CFR 162.920 - Availability of implementation specifications and operating rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3. The implementation specifications for the ASC X12N and the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3 (and accompanying Errata or Type 1 Errata) may be... charged for all implementation specifications, including Technical Reports Type 3. Charging for...

  11. 45 CFR 162.920 - Availability of implementation specifications and operating rules.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Technical Report Type 3. The implementation specifications for the ASC X12N and the ASC X12 Standards for Electronic Data Interchange Technical Report Type 3 (and accompanying Errata or Type 1 Errata) may be... charged for all implementation specifications, including Technical Reports Type 3. Charging for...

  12. Fine root dynamics in a developing Populus deltoides plantation

    Treesearch

    Christel C. Kern; Alexander L. Friend; Jane M.-F. Johnson; Mark D. Coleman

    2004-01-01

    A closely spaced (1 x 1 m) cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) plantation was established to evaluate the effects of nutrient availability on fine root dynamics. Slow-release fertilizer (17:6:12 N,P,K plus micronutrients) was applied to 225-m2 plots at 0,50,10O and 200 kg N ha-1, and plots were...

  13. Fine root dynamics in a developing Populus deltoides plantation

    Treesearch

    Christel C. Kern; Alexander L. Friend; Jane M. Johnson; Mark D. Coleman

    2004-01-01

    A closely spaced (1 x 1 m) cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.) platation was established to evaluate the effects of nutrient availability on fine root dynamics. Slow-release fertilizer (17:6:12 N,P,K plus micronutrients) was applied to 225-m2 plots at 0, 50, 100, 200 kg N ha-1, and plots were monitored...

  14. Crystal structure of (1Z,4Z)-2,4-dimethyl-3H-benzo[b][1,4]diazepine.

    PubMed

    Nieto, Carla I; Claramunt, Rosa M; Torralba, M Carmen; Torres, M Rosario; Elguero, Jose

    2017-05-01

    The title compound, C11H12N2, is not planar due to the folding of the seven-membered ring. In the crystal, mol-ecules are packed opposite each other to minimize the electronic repulsion but the long inter-molecular distances indicate that no directional contacts are found.

  15. The Case of Design-Oriented Pedagogy: What Students' Digital Video Stories Say about Emerging Learning Ecosystems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anu, Liljeström; Jorma, Enkenberg; Sinikka, Pöllänen

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a case study in which multi-age students (aged 6-12, N?=?32) in small groups made autonomous inquiries about the phenomenon of winter fishing within the framework of design-oriented pedagogy. The research analyzed storytelling videos that the students produced as learning objects. These videos revealed a picture of the…

  16. Relations among School Connectedness, Hope, Life Satisfaction, and Bully Victimization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Sukkyung; Furlong, Michael J.; Felix, Erika; Sharkey, Jill D.; Tanigawa, Diane; Green, Jennifer Greif

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the role of school connectedness in mediating the relation between students' sense of hope and life satisfaction for three groups: Bullied Victims, Peer Victims, and Nonvictims. Students in grades 5 to 12 (N = 866) completed the California Bully/Victim Scale, School Connectedness Scale, Children's Hope Scale, and Students'…

  17. Creative and Playful Learning: Learning through Game Co-Creation and Games in a Playful Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kangas, Marjaana

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on a pilot study in which children aged 7-12 (N = 68) had an opportunity to study in a novel formal and informal learning setting. The learning activities were extended from the classroom to the playful learning environment (PLE), an innovative playground enriched by technological tools. Curriculum-based learning was intertwined…

  18. [Effects of combined applications of pig manure and chemical fertilizers on CH4 and N2O emissions and their global warming potentials in paddy fields with double-rice cropping].

    PubMed

    Wang, Cong; Shen, Jian-Lin; Zheng, Liang; Liu, Jie-Yun; Qin, Hong-Ling; Li, Yong; Wu, Jin-Shui

    2014-08-01

    A field experiment was carried out to study the effects of combined applications of pig manure and chemical fertilizers on CH4 and N2O emissions, which were measured using the static chamber/gas chromatography method, and their global warming potentials in typical paddy fields with double-rice cropping in Hunan province. The results showed that the combined applications of pig manure and chemical fertilizers did not change the seasonal patterns of CH4 and N2O emissions from paddy soils, but significantly changed the magnitudes of CH4 and N2O fluxes in rice growing seasons as compared with sole application of chemical fertilizers. During the two rice growing seasons, the cumulative CH4 emissions for the pig manure and chemical nitrogen (N) fertilizer each contributing to 50% of the total applied N (1/2N + PM) treatment were higher than those for the treatments of no N fertilizer (ON), half amount of chemical N fertilizer (1/2N) and 100% chemical N fertilizer (N) by 54.83%, 33.85% and 43.30%, respectively (P < 0.05), whilst the cumulative N2O emissions for the 1/2N + PM treatment were decreased by 67.50% compared with N treatment, but increased by 129.43% and 119.23% compared with ON and 1/2N treatments, respectively (P < 0.05). CH4 was the dominant contributor to the global warming potential (GWP) in both rice growing seasons, which contributed more than 99% to the integrated GWP of CH4 and N2O emissions for all the four treatments. Both GWP and yield-scaled GWP for the treatment of 1/2N + PM were significantly higher than the other three treatments. The yield-scaled GWP for the treatment of 1/2N + PM was higher than those for the N, 1/2N and ON treatments by 58.21%, 26.82% and 20. 63%, respectively. Therefore, combined applications of pig manure and chemical fertilizers in paddy fields would increase the GWP of CH4 and N2O emissions during rice growing seasons and this effect should be considered in regional greenhouse gases emissions inventory.

  19. Interaction between zwitterionic surface activity ionic liquid and anionic surfactant: Na(+)-driven wormlike micelles.

    PubMed

    Wang, Xiaoqing; Wang, Ruitao; Zheng, Yan; Sun, Limei; Yu, Li; Jiao, Jingjing; Wang, Rui

    2013-02-14

    The physicochemical properties of the mixed zwitterionic surface activity ionic liquid/anionic surfactant (N-alkyl-N'-carboxymethyl imidazolium inner salts/sodium dodecyl sulfate, [N-C(12), N'-CO(2)-Im]/SDS) at various molar ratios (R(1) = C([N-C(12),N'-CO(2)-Im])/(C([N-C(12),N'-CO(2)-Im]) + C(SDS)) were investigated by surface tension and steady-state fluorescence measurements. The results show that the mixed [N-C(12), N'-CO(2)-Im]/SDS system has a much lower cmc value and higher surface activity than individual surfactant. Compared with the mixed zwitterionic betaine surfactant/SDS system, the mixture studied exhibits a stronger synergism, i.e., more negative interaction parameters (β(m) and β(σ)). Through addition of NaCl, the wormlike micelles (WMs) could be formed in a [N-C(12), N'-CO(2)-Im]/SDS system. Steady and dynamic rheology was employed to characterize the WMs with different surfactant ratio (R(1)), NaCl concentration, and temperature. An optimal composition, viz., C(T) = 60 mM, R(1) = 0.45, and C(NaCl) = 0.10 M, was detected to form the strongest and longest wormlike micelles. Compared with the WMs formed by a traditional zwitterionic C(12) betaine/anionic surfactant mixture (e.g., laurylamidopropyl betaine/SDS), the WMs studied have a stronger network structure, which is expected to have potential applications in some fields, such as in nanomaterials synthesis, personal care products, and flooding liquid for tertiary oil recovery.

  20. Anion-directed assembly: Framework conversion in dimensionality and photoluminescence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gong, Yun; Liu, Tianfu; Tang, Wang; Wu, Fengjing; Gao, Wenliang; Hu, Changwen

    2007-04-01

    Six novel Ni(II)-fluconazole complexes formulated as (C 13H 11N 6OF 2) 2Ni 2(NO 3) 2 ( 1), (C 13H 12N 6OF 2) 2Ni(NO 3) 2·H 2O ( 2), (C 13H 12N 6OF 2)Ni(SO 4)(DMF) 2(H 2O) ( 3), (C 13H 12N 6OF 2) 2Ni(H 2O) 2(SO 4)·4H 2O ( 4), (C 13H 12N 6OF 2) 2NiCl 2·2(CH 3OH) ( 5), (C 13H 12N 6OF 2) 4Ni 2 (MoO 4) 2·6H 2O ( 6) have been hydrothermally or solvothermally synthesized under similar conditions except different anions and solvents. They are structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR, TG and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Complex 1 is a molecular binuclear nickel cluster. Complex 2 exhibits a one-dimensional (1D) chain linked by double-stranded fluconazole-bridge. Complex 3 shows a novel 1D chain linked by double-stranded fluconazole-bridge and double-stranded SO 42--bridge. Complex 4 shows a three-dimensional (3D) architecture and SO 42- anions occupy the cavity. Complex 5 exhibits a two-dimensional (2D) structure constructed by alternating left- and right-handed helices. Complex 6 exhibits a 3D architecture, in which the 2D layers are pillared by {MoO 4} tetrahedra. Complex 2 can be irreversibly converted to complex 1 in the presence of DMF ( N, N'-dimethyllformamide). Complexes 1, 3 and 6 show antiferromagnetic interactions between the nickel (II) ions The photoluminescence properties of the six complexes indicated that the introduction of different anions can enhance or weaken the intra-ligand transitions of fluconazole.

  1. SU-C-204-07: The Production of Short-Lived Positron Emitters in Proton Therapy

    SciTech Connect

    Buitenhuis, H J T; Dendooven, P; Biegun, A K; Goethem, M-J van; Graaf, E R van der; Brandenburg, S; Diblen, F

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To investigate the production and effect of short-lived positron emitters when using PET for in-vivo range verification during a proton therapy irradiation. Methods: The integrated production of short-lived positron emitters in the stopping of 55 MeV protons was measured in water, carbon, phosphorus and calcium targets. The experimental production rates are used to calculate the production on PMMA and a representative set of 4 tissue materials. The number of decays integrated over an irradiation in these materials is calculated as function of the duration of the irradiation, considering irradiations with the same total number of protons. Results: The most copiously produced short-lived nuclides and their production rates relative to the relevant long-lived nuclides are: 12-N (T1/2 = 11 ms) on carbon (9.5% of the 11-C production), 29-P (T1/2 = 4.1 s) on phosphorus (20% of the 30-P production) and 38m-K (T1/2 = 0.92 s) on calcium (113% of the 38g-K production). No short-lived nuclides are produced on water. The most noticeable Result is that for an irradiation in (carbon-rich) adipose tissue, 12-N will dominate the PET image up to an irradiation duration of 70 s. On bone tissue, 15-O dominates over 12-N after 7–15 s (depending on the carbon-to-oxygen ratio). Conclusions: The presence of 12-N needs to be considered in PET imaging during proton beam irradiations as, depending on tissue composition and PET scanning protocol, it may noticeably deteriorate image quality due to the large positron range blurring. The results presented warrant investigations into the energy-dependent production of 12-N, 29-P and 38m-K and their effect on PET imaging during proton irradiations.

  2. Thermodynamic stability and properties of boron subnitrides from first principles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ektarawong, A.; Simak, S. I.; Alling, B.

    2017-02-01

    We use the first-principles approach to clarify the thermodynamic stability as a function of pressure and temperature of three different α -rhombohedral-boron-like boron subnitrides, with the compositions of B6N , B13N2 , and B38N6 , proposed in the literature. We find that, out of these subnitrides with the structural units of B12(N-N), B12(NBN), and [B12(N-N) ] 0.33[B12(NBN)] 0.67 , respectively, only B38N6 , represented by [B12(N-N) ] 0.33[B12(NBN)] 0.67 , is thermodynamically stable. Beyond a pressure of about 7.5 GPa depending on the temperature, also B38N6 becomes unstable, and decomposes into cubic boron nitride and α -tetragonal-boron-like boron subnitride B50N2 . The thermodynamic stability of boron subnitrides and relevant competing phases is determined by the Gibbs free energy, in which the contributions from the lattice vibrations and the configurational disorder are obtained within the quasiharmonic and the mean-field approximations, respectively. We calculate lattice parameters, elastic constants, phonon and electronic density of states, and demonstrate that [B12(N-N) ] 0.33[B12(NBN)] 0.67 is both mechanically and dynamically stable, and is an electrical semiconductor. The simulated x-ray powder-diffraction pattern as well as the calculated lattice parameters of [B12(N-N) ] 0.33[B12(NBN)] 0.67 are found to be in good agreement with those of the experimentally synthesized boron subnitrides reported in the literature, verifying that B38N6 is the stable composition of α -rhombohedral-boron-like boron subnitride.

  3. Short-lived positron emitters in beam-on PET imaging during proton therapy.

    PubMed

    Dendooven, P; Buitenhuis, H J T; Diblen, F; Heeres, P N; Biegun, A K; Fiedler, F; van Goethem, M-J; van der Graaf, E R; Brandenburg, S

    2015-12-07

    The only method for in vivo dose delivery verification in proton beam radiotherapy in clinical use today is positron emission tomography (PET) of the positron emitters produced in the patient during irradiation. PET imaging while the beam is on (so called beam-on PET) is an attractive option, providing the largest number of counts, the least biological washout and the fastest feedback. In this implementation, all nuclides, independent of their half-life, will contribute. As a first step towards assessing the relevance of short-lived nuclides (half-life shorter than that of (10)C, T1/2  =  19 s) for in vivo dose delivery verification using beam-on PET, we measured their production in the stopping of 55 MeV protons in water, carbon, phosphorus and calcium The most copiously produced short-lived nuclides and their production rates relative to the relevant long-lived nuclides are: (12)N (T1/2  =  11 ms) on carbon (9% of (11)C), (29)P (T1/2  =  4.1 s) on phosphorus (20% of (30)P) and (38m)K (T1/2  =  0.92 s) on calcium (113% of (38g)K). No short-lived nuclides are produced on oxygen. The number of decays integrated from the start of an irradiation as a function of time during the irradiation of PMMA and 4 tissue materials has been determined. For (carbon-rich) adipose tissue, (12)N dominates up to 70 s. On bone tissue, (12)N dominates over (15)O during the first 8-15 s (depending on carbon-to-oxygen ratio). The short-lived nuclides created on phosphorus and calcium provide 2.5 times more beam-on PET counts than the long-lived ones produced on these elements during a 70 s irradiation. From the estimated number of (12)N PET counts, we conclude that, for any tissue, (12)N PET imaging potentially provides equal to superior proton range information compared to prompt gamma imaging with an optimized knife-edge slit camera. The practical implementation of (12)N PET imaging is discussed.

  4. Beam-on imaging of short-lived positron emitters during proton therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Buitenhuis, H. J. T.; Diblen, F.; Brzezinski, K. W.; Brandenburg, S.; Dendooven, P.

    2017-06-01

    In vivo dose delivery verification in proton therapy can be performed by positron emission tomography (PET) of the positron-emitting nuclei produced by the proton beam in the patient. A PET scanner installed in the treatment position of a proton therapy facility that takes data with the beam on will see very short-lived nuclides as well as longer-lived nuclides. The most important short-lived nuclide for proton therapy is 12N (Dendooven et al 2015 Phys. Med. Biol. 60 8923-47), which has a half-life of 11 ms. The results of a proof-of-principle experiment of beam-on PET imaging of short-lived 12N nuclei are presented. The Philips Digital Photon Counting Module TEK PET system was used, which is based on LYSO scintillators mounted on digital SiPM photosensors. A 90 MeV proton beam from the cyclotron at KVI-CART was used to investigate the energy and time spectra of PET coincidences during beam-on. Events coinciding with proton bunches, such as prompt gamma rays, were removed from the data via an anti-coincidence filter with the cyclotron RF. The resulting energy spectrum allowed good identification of the 511 keV PET counts during beam-on. A method was developed to subtract the long-lived background from the 12N image by introducing a beam-off period into the cyclotron beam time structure. We measured 2D images and 1D profiles of the 12N distribution. A range shift of 5 mm was measured as 6  ±  3 mm using the 12N profile. A larger, more efficient, PET system with a higher data throughput capability will allow beam-on 12N PET imaging of single spots in the distal layer of an irradiation with an increased signal-to-background ratio and thus better accuracy. A simulation shows that a large dual panel scanner, which images a single spot directly after it is delivered, can measure a 5 mm range shift with millimeter accuracy: 5.5  ±  1.1 mm for 1  ×  108 protons and 5.2  ±  0.5 mm for 5  ×  108 protons. This makes

  5. Short-lived positron emitters in beam-on PET imaging during proton therapy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dendooven, P.; Buitenhuis, H. J. T.; Diblen, F.; Heeres, P. N.; Biegun, A. K.; Fiedler, F.; van Goethem, M.-J.; van der Graaf, E. R.; Brandenburg, S.

    2015-12-01

    The only method for in vivo dose delivery verification in proton beam radiotherapy in clinical use today is positron emission tomography (PET) of the positron emitters produced in the patient during irradiation. PET imaging while the beam is on (so called beam-on PET) is an attractive option, providing the largest number of counts, the least biological washout and the fastest feedback. In this implementation, all nuclides, independent of their half-life, will contribute. As a first step towards assessing the relevance of short-lived nuclides (half-life shorter than that of 10C, T1/2  =  19 s) for in vivo dose delivery verification using beam-on PET, we measured their production in the stopping of 55 MeV protons in water, carbon, phosphorus and calcium The most copiously produced short-lived nuclides and their production rates relative to the relevant long-lived nuclides are: 12N (T1/2  =  11 ms) on carbon (9% of 11C), 29P (T1/2  =  4.1 s) on phosphorus (20% of 30P) and 38mK (T1/2  =  0.92 s) on calcium (113% of 38gK). No short-lived nuclides are produced on oxygen. The number of decays integrated from the start of an irradiation as a function of time during the irradiation of PMMA and 4 tissue materials has been determined. For (carbon-rich) adipose tissue, 12N dominates up to 70 s. On bone tissue, 12N dominates over 15O during the first 8-15 s (depending on carbon-to-oxygen ratio). The short-lived nuclides created on phosphorus and calcium provide 2.5 times more beam-on PET counts than the long-lived ones produced on these elements during a 70 s irradiation. From the estimated number of 12N PET counts, we conclude that, for any tissue, 12N PET imaging potentially provides equal to superior proton range information compared to prompt gamma imaging with an optimized knife-edge slit camera. The practical implementation of 12N PET imaging is discussed.

  6. Confinement induced binding of noble gas atoms

    SciTech Connect

    Khatua, Munmun; Pan, Sudip; Chattaraj, Pratim K.

    2014-04-28

    The stability of Ng{sub n}@B{sub 12}N{sub 12} and Ng{sub n}@B{sub 16}N{sub 16} systems is assessed through a density functional study and ab initio simulation. Although they are found to be thermodynamically unstable with respect to the dissociation of individual Ng atoms and parent cages, ab initio simulation reveals that except Ne{sub 2}@B{sub 12}N{sub 12} they are kinetically stable to retain their structures intact throughout the simulation time (500 fs) at 298 K. The Ne{sub 2}@B{sub 12}N{sub 12} cage dissociates and the Ne atoms get separated as the simulation proceeds at this temperature but at a lower temperature (77 K) it is also found to be kinetically stable. He-He unit undergoes translation, rotation and vibration inside the cavity of B{sub 12}N{sub 12} and B{sub 16}N{sub 16} cages. Electron density analysis shows that the He-He interaction in He{sub 2}@B{sub 16}N{sub 16} is of closed-shell type whereas for the same in He{sub 2}@B{sub 12}N{sub 12} there may have some degree of covalent character. In few cases, especially for the heavier Ng atoms, the Ng-N/B bonds are also found to have some degree of covalent character. But the Wiberg bond indices show zero bond order in He-He bond and very low bond order in cases of Ng-N/B bonds. The energy decomposition analysis further shows that the ΔE{sub orb} term contributes 40.9% and 37.3% towards the total attraction in the He{sub 2} dimers having the same distances as in He{sub 2}@B{sub 12}N{sub 12} and He{sub 2}@B{sub 16}N{sub 16}, respectively. Therefore, confinement causes some type of orbital interaction between two He atoms, which akins to some degree of covalent character.

  7. Delta excitations and shell-model information in heavy-ion, charge-exchange reactions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Deutchman, P. A.; Maung, K. M.; Norbury, J. W.; Rasmussen, J. O.; Townsend, L. W.

    1986-01-01

    We calculate total cross sections for coherent pion production using localized plane-wave approximations for the shell-structure of valence nucleons that are excited to delta particles in the intermediate state in the (12C, 12B) and (12C, 12N) charge-exchange, heavy-ion reactions. We find comparable agreement to projectile downshift data for 12C(12C, 12B)12N. Then we improve the formalism by replacing the localized plane wave bound states with harmonic oscillator states which are imbedded in a multipole expansion approach and calculate pion differential cross sections to test for the sensitivity of the spectra to the single-particle mass parameter.

  8. Propane-1,3-diammonium dichromate(VI).

    PubMed

    Trabelsi, Sonia; Marouani, Houda; Al-Deyab, Salem S; Rzaigui, Mohamed

    2012-08-01

    The title compound, (C(3)H(12)N(2))[Cr(2)O(7)], consists of a discrete dichromate anion with an eclipsed conformation and a propane-1,3-diammonium cation. Both kinds of ions have a mirror plane passing through the bridging O atom and the central methyl-ene C atom of the Cr(2)O(7) (2-) and C(3)H(12)N(2) (2+) moieties, respectively. Anions and cations are alternately stacked to form columns parallel to the b axis. Ions are linked by intra- and inter-column hydrogen bonds of types N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O, involving O atoms of the dichromate anions as acceptors, and ammonium or methyl-ene groups as donors.

  9. Two novel organic-inorganic hybrid materials from tetrachloridometallate(II) salts and 4-[(E)-2-(pyridin-1-ium-2-yl)ethenyl]pyridinium.

    PubMed

    Campos-Gaxiola, José J; Arredondo Rea, Susana P; Corral Higuera, Ramón; Höpfl, Herbert; Cruz Enríquez, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    Two organic-inorganic hybrid compounds have been prepared by the combination of the 4-[(E)-2-(pyridin-1-ium-2-yl)ethenyl]pyridinium cation with perhalometallate anions to give 4-[(E)-2-(pyridin-1-ium-2-yl)ethenyl]pyridinium tetrachloridocobaltate(II), (C12H12N2)[CoCl4], (I), and 4-[(E)-2-(pyridin-1-ium-2-yl)ethenyl]pyridinium tetrachloridozincate(II), (C12H12N2)[ZnCl4], (II). The compounds have been structurally characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, showing the formation of a three-dimensional network through X-H...ClnM(-) (X = C, N(+); n = 1, 2; M = Co(II), Zn(II)) hydrogen-bonding interactions and π-π stacking interactions. The title compounds were also characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).

  10. Comparison of methods to determine degree of pyritization

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Leventhal, J.; Taylor, C.

    1990-01-01

    Degree of pyritization (DOP) is a measure of the ratio pyrite iron/(pyrite iron + reactive iron) that can be related to the depositional environment of a sediment. Several methods of DOP determination have been used but not systematically evaluated. The determination/extraction of reactive (usually acid soluble) iron is critical to the DOP determination, and the method generally used is reaction of the sample for 1 to 2 min with hot 12 N HCl. We present results for timed experiments with 1 N, 6 N, and 12 N HCl on three different samples. We also show that a 24 h room temperature treatment with 1 N HCl is equivalent to the 24 h treatment with Na-dithionite. Experiments with several suites of samples show that all three of these methods leach comparable amounts of iron; therefore, the DOP values are similar. However, the 1 N HCl, 24 h procedure is preferable because laboratory handling is less and easier. ?? 1990.

  11. Ambient carbon dioxide capture by different dimensional AlN nanostructures: A comparative DFT study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esrafili, Mehdi D.; Nurazar, Roghaye; Nematollahi, Parisa

    2016-08-01

    Strong binding of an isolated carbon dioxide molecule over three different aluminium nitride (AlN) nanostructures (nanocage, nanotube and nanosheet) is verified using density functional calculations. Equilibrium geometries, electronic properties, adsorption energies and thermodynamic stability of each adsorbed configuration are also identified. Optimized configurations are shown at least one corresponding physisorption and chemisorption of CO2 molecule over different AlN nanostructures. Also, the effect of chirality on the adsorption of CO2 molecule is studied over two different finite-sized zigzag (6,0) and armchair (4,4) AlN nanotubes. It is found that the electronic properties of the Al12N12 nanocage are more sensitive to the CO2 molecule than other AlN nanostructures. This indicates the significant potential of Al12N12 nanocage toward the CO2 adsorption, fixation and catalytic applications in contrast to other AlN nanostructures.

  12. Particle decay of proton-unbound levels in N12

    DOE PAGES

    Chipps, K. A.; Pain, S. D.; Greife, U.; ...

    2017-04-24

    Transfer reactions are a useful tool for studying nuclear structure, particularly in the regime of low level densities and strong single-particle strengths. Additionally, transfer reactions can populate levels above particle decay thresholds, allowing for the possibility of studying the subsequent decays and furthering our understanding of the nuclei being probed. In particular, the decay of loosely bound nuclei such as 12 N can help inform and improve structure models.The purpose of this paper is to learn about the decay of excited states in 12 N , to more generally inform nuclear structure models, particularly in the case of particle-unbound levelsmore » in low-mass systems which are within the reach of state-of-the-art ab initio calculations.« less

  13. Specific killing effect of 10B1-para-boronophenylalanine in thermal neutron capture therapy of malignant melanoma: in vitro radiobiological evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Ichihashi, M.; Nakanishi, T.; Mishima, Y.

    1982-03-01

    A 10B-dopa analogue, 10B1-para-boronophenylalanine (10B1-BPA) has been found to have a marked melanoma killing effect as expressed by the Do value, 0.9-1.2 X 10(12) n/cm2. The Do value of the neutron alone is 2.8 X 10(12) n/cm2. After the introduction of high LET irradiation into radiotherapy, its higher energy deposition in the target cancer cells is one of the major problems currently to be solved. This can be achieved by our thermal neutron capture therapy in the order of cellular dimensions when we have highly tumor-seeking 10B-compounds available. Our present evidence seems to indicate that our new 10B1-BPA can highly concentrate 10B into melanoma cells, to as much as 11 times the level of the medium in the in vitro system.

  14. Evaluation of the radial deformability of poly(dG)-poly(dC) DNA and G4-DNA using vibrating scanning polarization force microscopy.

    PubMed

    Wang, Huabin; Lin, Jiwei; Wang, Chunmei; Zhang, Xuehua; An, Hongjie; Zhou, Xingfei; Sun, Jielin; Hu, Jun

    2010-05-18

    Poly(dG)-poly(dC) DNA and G4-DNA are two types of synthetic molecules that are regarded as promising candidates for molecular nanodevices. In this work, vibrating scanning polarization force microscopy (VSPFM) was employed to study the radial deformability of these two molecules coadsorbed on a Ni(2+)-modified mica surface. The values of the radial compressive elastic modulus of these two types of molecules were found to be similar (approximately 5-10 MPa) when the external loading force was between approximately 0.04 and approximately 0.12 nN. However, G4-DNA molecules possessed higher stiffness than poly(dG)-poly(dC) DNA (approximately 20-40 vs approximately 10-20 MPa) when the loading force was larger than approximately 0.12 nN. The results will aid us in understanding these molecule's mechanical performances.

  15. The β-decay approach for studying 12C

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fynbo, H. O. U.; Diget, C. Aa; Hyldegaard, S.; Jeppesen, H. B.; Knudsen, H. H.; Kirsebom, O.; Riisager, K.; Alcorta, M.; Boutami, R.; Borge, M. J. G.; Madurga, M.; Tengblad, O.; Brandenburg, S.; Dendooven, P.; Jungmann, K.; Onderwater, G. J. G.; Rogachevskly, A.; Sohani, M.; Traykov, E.; Wilschut, H. W.; Büscher, J.; Van Duppen, P.; Huyse, M.; Raabe, R.; Eronen, T.; Huikary, J.; Jokinen, A.; Kankainen, A.; Perajärvi, K.; Moore, I.; Nieminen, A.; Penttilä, H.; Rinta-Antila, S.; Saastamoinen, A.; Wang, Y.; Äystö, J.; Jonson, B.; Nilsson, T.; Nyman, G.; Wilhelmsen, K.; Fulton, B.; Fox, S.; Barker, F. C.

    2008-05-01

    The β-decays of the mirror nuclei 12B and 12N both populate states in 12C and they are therefore a precious source of information about this nucleus. Due to the selection rules of β-decay only 0+, 1+ and 2+ states are populated. This allows a very clean study of unbound states just above the 3α-threshold with those spin and parities. This probe has been applied in two experiments using two complementary experimental techniques: in the first the three α-particles emitted after β-decay are measured in coincidence in separate detectors using the ISOL method, while in the second method 12B and 12N are implanted in a detector and the summed energy of the three α-particles is measured directly. Preliminary results from the two approaches are presented.

  16. Effect of disorder on a pressure-induced z =1 magnetic quantum phase transition

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mannig, A.; Möller, J. S.; Thede, M.; Hüvonen, D.; Lancaster, T.; Xiao, F.; Williams, R. C.; Guguchia, Z.; Khasanov, R.; Morenzoni, E.; Zheludev, A.

    2016-10-01

    Pressure-induced ordering close to a z =1 quantum-critical point is studied in the presence of bond disorder in the quantum spin system (C4H12N2) Cu2(Cl1-xBrx) 6 (PHCX) by means of muon-spin rotation and relaxation. As for the pure system (C4H12N2) Cu2Cl6 , pressure allows PHCX with small levels of disorder (x ≤7.5 %) to be driven through a quantum-critical point separating a low-pressure quantum paramagnetic phase from magnetic order at high pressures. However, the pressure-induced ordered state is highly inhomogeneous for disorder concentrations x >1 % . This behavior might be related to the formation of a quantum Griffiths phase above a critical disorder concentration 7.5 %

  17. Indirect measurements of nuclear astrophysics reactions at CIAE

    SciTech Connect

    Liu Weiping; Li Zhihong; Bai Xixiang; Wang Youbao; Lian Gang; Guo Bing; Zeng Sheng; Yan Shengquan; Wang Baoxiang; Su Jun; Shu Nengchuan; Chen Yongshou

    2006-11-02

    This paper described the nuclear astrophysical studies using the unstable ion beam facility GIRAFFE, by indirect measurements. We measured the angular distributions for some single proton or neutron transfer reactions, such as 7Be(d,n)8B, 11C(d,n)12N, 8Li(d,n)9Be, 8Li(d,p)9Li and 13N(d,n)14O in inverse kinematics, and derived the astrophysical S-factors or reaction rates of 7Be(p,{gamma})8B, 11C(p,{gamma})12N, 8Li(n,{gamma})9Li, 13N(p,{gamma})14O by asymptotic normalization coefficient, spectroscopic factor, and R-matrix approach at astrophysically relevant energies.

  18. Hybrid baryons in QCD

    SciTech Connect

    Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.

    2012-03-21

    In this study, we present the first comprehensive study of hybrid baryons using lattice QCD methods. Using a large basis of composite QCD interpolating fields we extract an extensive spectrum of baryon states and isolate those of hybrid character using their relatively large overlap onto operators which sample gluonic excitations. We consider the spectrum of Nucleon and Delta states at several quark masses finding a set of positive parity hybrid baryons with quantum numbers $N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{3/2^+},\\, N_{3/2^+},\\,N_{5/2^+},\\,$ and $\\Delta_{1/2^+},\\, \\Delta_{3/2^+}$ at an energy scale above the first band of `conventional' excited positive parity baryons. This pattern of states is compatible with a color octet gluonic excitation having $J^{P}=1^{+}$ as previously reported in the hybrid meson sector and with a comparable energy scale for the excitation, suggesting a common bound-state construction for hybrid mesons and baryons.

  19. First-principles study on stability and magnetism of NdFe11M and NdFe11M N for M = Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harashima, Yosuke; Terakura, Kiyoyuki; Kino, Hiori; Ishibashi, Shoji; Miyake, Takashi

    2016-11-01

    Recently synthesized NdFe12N has excellent magnetic properties, while it is thermodynamically unstable. Using the first-principles method, we study the effect of substitutional 3d transition metal elements to the mother compound NdFe12. We find that Co has a positive effect on the stability of the ThMn12 structure. In contrast to Ti substitution, Co substitution does not reduce the magnetization significantly. The crystal field parameter A20 is nearly unchanged by Co substitution, and nitrogenation to NdFe11Co greatly enhances A20 . This suggests that Co is a good candidate as a substitutional element for NdFe12N.

  20. 3,6-Bis(2-pyridyl)di-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a:4',3'-c]phthalazine.

    PubMed

    Chang, Wen-Fu; Wen, Yuh-Sheng; Liu, Ling-Kang

    2004-09-01

    The title compound, C20H12N8, (I), has been prepared by the reaction of 1,4-dihydrazinophthalazine and pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde, followed by an oxidative cyclization by treatment with bromine. In the solid state, the molecules of (I) are discrete, comprising a fused and twisted four-ring system with an overall helical appearance. The distance between the two intramolecular pyridyl N atoms is 3.075 (2) A, this short contact distance suggesting a pi-pi interaction.

  1. An Alternative American Foreign Policy for Ukraine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    POLICY FOR UKRAINE by Randall G. Williams June 1993 Thesis Advisor: Roman Laba Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 93-27112...unclassified/unlimited _ same as report - DTIC users Unclassified 22a Name of Responsible Individual 22b Telephone (include Area Code) 22c Office Symboi Roman ...Randall G. Williams Approved by: 12 n? Roman Laba, Thesis Advisor Mikhail Oypkin, Second Reader Thomas C. Bruneau, Chairman, Department of National

  2. 2-Acetyl­hydrazono-2-phenyl­aceto­hydrazide

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Bai-Cheng; Yang, Zhi; Yi, Xu

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C10H12N4O2, was prepared as an inter­mediate for the synthesis of metamitron. The benzene ring plane forms dihedral angles of 66.0 (1) and 3.5 (5)° with the hydrazine plane and the acetyl­imino plane, respectively. The crystal structure involves inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21201803

  3. Historical Perspectives and Guidelines for Botulinum Neurotoxin Subtype Nomenclature

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-26

    percentage difference is shown in red. TR-16-195 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. UNCLASSIFIED 29...E10 n = 36 ----- 4.3 8.1 0.8 E11 n = 9 ----- 9.0 0.0 E12 n=1 ----- ----- Where differences are ɚ.6%, the percentage ...Worldwide, researchers are faced with the possibility that toxins having identical sequences may be given different designations, or novel toxins

  4. SEPARATING HAFNIUM FROM ZIRCONIUM

    DOEpatents

    Lister, B.A.J.; Duncan, J.F.

    1956-08-21

    A dilute aqueous solution of zirconyl chloride which is 1N to 2N in HCl is passed through a column of a cation exchange resin in acid form thereby absorbing both zirconium and associated hafnium impurity in the mesin. The cation exchange material with the absorbate is then eluted with aqueous sulfuric acid of a O.8N to 1.2N strength. The first portion of the eluate contains the zirconium substantially free of hafnium.

  5. The Steep Nekhoroshev's Theorem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guzzo, M.; Chierchia, L.; Benettin, G.

    2016-03-01

    Revising Nekhoroshev's geometry of resonances, we provide a fully constructive and quantitative proof of Nekhoroshev's theorem for steep Hamiltonian systems proving, in particular, that the exponential stability exponent can be taken to be {1/(2nα_1\\cdotsα_{n-2}}) ({α_i}'s being Nekhoroshev's steepness indices and {n ≥ 3} the number of degrees of freedom). On the base of a heuristic argument, we conjecture that the new stability exponent is optimal.

  6. Nomex Supply Chain Total Asset Visibility

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-01-10

    scheduling for upstream SN partners of all C & T SNs. Embedded in this scheduling approach are the techniques necessary to significantly improve the...following figure shows the application of this modified DBR technique to the Nomex® SN...Staple Sage Green N303SG 1.00 2376 Coat, Combat, Woodland ( ABDU ) PD-02-12 N330 Staple Printable N330SP 1.00 2377 Trousers, Combat, Woodland ( ABDU ) PD-02-13

  7. Shallow Water Acoustics Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-30

    this year towards publishing one of the last SW06 papers, on acoustic scattering from crossing nonlinear internal wave trains. This is submitted for...1 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Shallow Water Acoustics Studies James F. Lynch MS #12...N00014-14-1-0040 http://acoustics.whoi.edu/sw06/ LONG TERM GOALS The long term goals of our shallow water acoustics work are to: 1) understand the

  8. System Optimization by Periodic Control.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-06-01

    1979-80 the main thrust was in finding finite step algorithms for the Cesaro average payoffs when the law of motion is completely controlled by one...II be numbered as 1,2,...m and 1,2,...n. Let *ij(s) be the expected Cesaro average income if pure stationary strff9 o 0Ymf!F1P AR*% ’rW by NOTI CE CO

  9. 5,7-Di-2-pyridyl-2,3-dihydro-thieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxine.

    PubMed

    Djukic, Brandon; Harrington, Laura E; Britten, James F; Lemaire, Martin T

    2008-01-16

    The title compound, C(16)H(12)N(2)O(2)S, was prepared by a Neigishi cross-coupling reaction to investigate the coordination chemistry of thio-phene-containing ligands. In the mol-ecule, the pyridine rings are twisted from the thio-phene ring by 20.6 (1) and 4.1 (2)°. The six-membered dihydro-dioxine ring is in a half-chair conformation.

  10. 2-Amino-N,3-dimethyl­benzamide

    PubMed Central

    Mei, Xiang-dong; Liang, Yan-hui; Li, Ke-Bin

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C9H12N2O, the mean plane through the amide group and the benzene ring form a dihedral angle of 33.93 (7)°. An intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond is present. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H⋯N and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming double-stranded chains parallel to the b axis. PMID:23476283

  11. 1,2-Bis[bis­(methyl­sulfan­yl)methyl­ene]hydrazine

    PubMed Central

    Driss, Mohamed; Toumi, Meriem; Ben Amor, Fatma; Driss, Ahmed; Boujlel, Khaled

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C6H12N2S4, was obtained as a by-product (8%) during the reaction of the electrogenerated cyano­methyl anion with phenyl­amine, carbon disulfide and methyl iodide. The mol­ecule, with the exception of 8 H atoms, lies on a crystallographic mirror plane and is arranged around an inversion centre located at the mid-point of the N—N bond. PMID:21202642

  12. Arms Control: U.S. and International Efforts to Ban Chemical Weapons

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-09-01

    synthesis Nerve 5. Methyl phosphonyl dichloride 676-97-1 Organic synthesis Nerve 6. Dimethyl phosphite 868-85-9 Organic synthesis , lubricant additives...Nerve 7. Phosphorus trichloride 7719-12-2 Insecticides, gasoline additives Nerve 8. Trimethyl phosphite 121-45-9 Organic synthesis , insecticides...chloroetfhanol 󈧕-07-3 Insecticides, solvent Mustard 12. N, N-Di isopropyl- (beta)- ami noe thy[ chloride 96-79-7 Organic synthesis Nerve 13. N,N-Oiisopropyl

  13. Guanidine sulfate-assisted synthesis of hexagonal WO3 nanoparticles with enhanced adsorption properties.

    PubMed

    Mu, Wanjun; Li, Mei; Li, Xingliang; Ma, Zongping; Zhang, Rui; Yu, Qianhong; Lv, Kai; Xie, Xiang; He, Jiaheng; Wei, Hongyuan; Jian, Yuan

    2015-04-28

    Large surface area hexagonal phase WO3 (h-WO3) nanowires were synthesized by a hydrothermal route with the assistance of C2H12N6O4S. They were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, BET, FT-IR and XPS. It is shown that C2H12N6O4S not only acts as a stabilizer to facilitate the generation of a metastable hexagonal phase, but also functions as a structure directing agent to assist the construction of nanowires. The obtained h-WO3 possesses a large specific surface area and numerous adsorption functional groups such as -OH groups. These characteristics result in an excellent adsorption performance for the removal of strontium from acidic aqueous solutions. A maximum adsorption capacity of 52.93 mg g(-1) was achieved on the h-WO3 prepared in the presence of C2H12N6O4S. This value is almost two times higher than that of bare h-WO3 (no C2H12N6O4S). The effects of pH, contact time, initial Sr(2+) concentration and ion strength on Sr(2+) removal from the solution by h-WO3 were systematically investigated. The adsorption mechanism involving the combination of electrostatic attraction and ion exchange for the adsorption of Sr(2+) is proposed. Based on our results, h-WO3 with high adsorption capacity and good surface characteristics exhibits great potential for the removal of Sr(2+) from radioactive wastewater.

  14. 4-Benzyl­pyridinium hydrogen selenate

    PubMed Central

    Maalej, Wassim; Elaoud, Zakaria; Mhiri, Tahar; Daoud, Abdelaziz; Driss, Ahmed

    2008-01-01

    The structure of the title salt, C12H12N+·HSeO4 −, consists of infinite parallel two-dimensional planes built of 4-benzyl­pyridinium and hydrogen selenate ions that are mutually connected by strong O—H⋯O and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. There are no contacts other than normal van der Waals inter­actions between the layers. PMID:21581032

  15. 2-[(E)-(2-Phenyl-2H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methyl-eneamino]ethanol.

    PubMed

    Dang, Yan-Qiu; Tian, Lai-Jin

    2009-03-11

    In the title Schiff base compound, C(11)H(12)N(4)O, the mol-ecule adopts a trans configuration about the central C=N bond. The dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the triazole ring is 14.3 (3)°. In the crystal structure, mol-ecules are linked into a one-dimensional supra-molecular chain by inter-molecular O-H⋯N hydrogen bonding between the hydroxyl group and the imino N atom.

  16. Crystal structure of 4-amino-3-(3-methyl-5-phenyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione

    PubMed Central

    Mague, Joel T.; Mohamed, Shaaban K.; Akkurt, Mehmet; Albayati, Mustafa R.

    2015-01-01

    In the title compound, C12H12N6S, the dihedral angles between the central pyrazole ring and the pendant triazole and benzene rings are 68.01 (4) and 59.83 (9)°, respectively. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by N—H⋯N and N—H⋯S hydrogen bonds, generating (10-1) sheets. PMID:26090200

  17. (E)-1-(2-Nitro­benzyl­idene)-4-phenyl­thio­semicarbazide

    PubMed Central

    Feizi, Samaneh; Rezayan, Ali Hossein; Sardari, Soroush; Notash, Behrouz

    2012-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C14H12N4O2S, the conformation about the imine bond is trans. The dihedral angle between the two rings is 88.22 (11)°. An intra­molecular N—H⋯N contact occurs. The crystal structure features N—H⋯S and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:22798827

  18. Lyapunov instability of rigid diatomic molecules in three dimensions: A simpler method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Choe, Seungho; Lee, Eok-Kyun

    2007-04-01

    We present a method to calculate Lyapunov exponents of rigid diatomic molecules in three dimensions ( 12N -dimensional phase space). The spectra of Lyapunov exponents are obtained for 32 rigid diatomic molecules interacting through the Weeks-Chandler-Anderson potential for various bond length and densities, and compared with those of Shin [Phys. Rev. E 64, 041106 (2001)]. Our algorithm is easy to implement and total CPU time is relatively inexpensive.

  19. N-(3-Methyl-phen-yl)-2-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Chaithanya, U; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-09-01

    In the title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)O(4)S, the dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 73.64 (7)°. The amide H atom exhibits bifurcated hydrogen bonding: an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond generates an S(7) motif while in the crystal, N-H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into zigzag C(4) chains running along the b axis.

  20. N-(2-Methyl-phen-yl)-2-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Chaithanya, U; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-09-01

    In the title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)O(4)S, the dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 53.44 (14)°. The amide H atom exhibits bifurcated hydrogen bonding: an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond generates an S(7) motif while in the crystal, N-H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into zigzag C(4) chains along the c axis.

  1. N-(4-Methyl-benzo-yl)-2-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Suchetan, P A; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-03-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(14)H(12)N(2)O(5)S, contains two independent mol-ecules. The dihedral angles between the aromatic rings are 82.03 (9) and 79.47 (8)° in the two independent mol-ecules. In the crystal, the two mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit are linked into dimers via pairs of N-H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds to generate C(4) chains.

  2. N-(3-Methyl­phen­yl)-2-nitro­benzene­sulfonamide

    PubMed Central

    Chaithanya, U.; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B. Thimme

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, C13H12N2O4S, the dihedral angle between the benzene rings is 73.64 (7)°. The amide H atom exhibits bifurcated hydrogen bonding: an intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond generates an S(7) motif while in the crystal, N—H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into zigzag C(4) chains running along the b axis. PMID:22969528

  3. Influences on the triple alpha process beyond the Hoyle state

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Diget, Christian Å; Borge, Maria J. G.; Boutami, Fafik; Dendooven, Peter; Eronen, Tommi; Fox, Simon P.; Fulton, Brian R.; Fynbo, Hans, O. U.; Jeppesen, Henrik B.; Jokinen, Ari; Jonson, Björn; Kankainen, Anu; Moore, Iain; Nieminen, Arto; Pedersen, Solveig G.; Penttila, Haikki; Pucknell, Victor F. E.; Rilsager, Karsten; Rinta-Antila, Sami; Tengblad, Olof; Wang, Youbao; Wilhelmsen, Katarina; Äystö, Juha

    The triple alpha process is studied using indirect methods. The beta decays of 12 N and 12 B are used to probe the triple alpha continuum of 12 C. Different independent breakup channels are identified, consistently showing that the 10 MeV strength is dominated by a 0 + state interfering with the Hoyle state ghost. The 13-14 MeV region on the other hand is dominated by a 2 + state.

  4. Characteristics of Quasi-Molecular State Interaction

    SciTech Connect

    Devdariani, A.; Dalimier, E.; Kereselidze, T.; Noselidze, I.; Rebentrost, F.; Sauvan, P.

    2008-10-22

    The quasi-molecular dipole transition moments have been considered analytically within the framework of the two-state approximation with particular emphasis on their roots (zeros) on spectral manifestations of the roots in the adiabatic diabatic limits. The interrelation between the spectral features the non-adiabatic transitions found in [1] has been demonstrated for excited state charge exchange Al{sup +12}(n = 4)+C{sup +6}{yields}Al{sup +13}+C{sup +5}(n = 2)

  5. N-Benzoyl-N′,N′-dimethyl­thio­urea

    PubMed Central

    Pérez, Hiram; Corrêa, Rodrigo S.; Plutín, Ana María; Álvarez, Anislay; Mascarenhas, Yvonne

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C10H12N2OS, the amide NCO group is twisted relative to the thio­ureido SCN2 group, forming a dihedral angle of 55.3 (2)°. The crystal packing shows inter­molecular N—H⋯S and weak C—H⋯O inter­actions, the former giving rise to the formation of centrosymmetric R 2 2(8) dimers. PMID:21522399

  6. Risk of regional recurrence in triple-negative breast cancer patients: a Dutch cohort study.

    PubMed

    van Roozendaal, Lori M; Smit, Leonie H M; Duijsens, Gaston H N M; de Vries, Bart; Siesling, Sabine; Lobbes, Marc B I; de Boer, Maaike; de Wilt, Johannes H W; Smidt, Marjolein L

    2016-04-01

    Triple-negative breast cancer is associated with early recurrence and low survival rates. Several trials investigate the safety of a more conservative approach of axillary treatment in clinically T1-2N0 breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer comprises only 15 % of newly diagnosed breast cancers, which might result in insufficient power for representative results for this subgroup. We aimed to provide a nationwide overview on the occurrence of (regional) recurrences in triple-negative breast cancer patients with a clinically T1-2N0 status. For this cohort study, 2548 women diagnosed between 2005 and 2008 with clinically T1-2N0 triple-negative breast cancer were selected from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Follow-up data until 2014 were analyzed using Kaplan-Meier. Sentinel lymph node biopsy was performed in 2486 patients, and (completion) axillary lymph node dissection in 562 patients. Final pathologic nodal status was pN0 in 78.5 %, pN1mi in 4.5 %, pN1 in 12.3 %, pN2-3 in 3.6 %, and pNx in 1.1 %. During a follow-up of 5 years, regional recurrence occurred in 2.9 %, local recurrence in 4.2 % and distant recurrence in 12.2 %. Five-year disease-free survival was 78.7 %, distant disease-free survival 80.5 %, and 5-year overall survival 82.3 %. Triple-negative clinically T1-2N0 breast cancer patients rarely develop a regional recurrence. Their disease-free survival is more threatened by distant recurrence, affecting their overall survival. Consequently, it seems justified to include triple-negative breast cancer patients in randomized controlled trials investigating the safety of minimizing axillary staging and treatment.

  7. Tris(N,N-di­methyl­anilinium) tri-μ-bromido-bis[tribromido­anti­monate(III)

    PubMed Central

    Kharrat, Houda; Kamoun, Slaheddine; Michaud, François

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, (C8H12N)3[Sb2Br9], two of the three unique N,N-dimethyanilinium cations exhibit flip–flop disorder with an occupancy ratio of 0.58 (1):0.42 (1). N—H⋯Br hydrogen bonds link the organic cations and bioctahedral face-sharing anions into a three-dimensional network. PMID:24046544

  8. The predicted abundances of deuterium-bearing gases in the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fegley, Bruce, Jr.; Prinn, Ronald G.

    1988-01-01

    The first set of comprehensive thermochemical equilibrium and chemical kinetic calculations on the chemistry of deuterium-bearing gases in the deep atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn is presented. The sensitivity of the results to variations in elemental and isotopic abundances is studied. Isotopic fractionation effects in the C-13/C12, N-15/N-14, and O-18/O-16 ratios in nonequilibrium species such as CO, CO2, HCN, and N2 are briefly considered.

  9. Crystal structure of 1-[(Z)-2-phenyl-hydrazin-1-yl-idene]naphthalen-2(1H)-one.

    PubMed

    Benosmane, Ali; Benaouida, Mohamed Amine; Mili, Assia; Bouchoul, Abdelkader; Merazig, Hocine

    2015-05-01

    In the title compound, C16H12N2O, the dihedral angle between the planes of the benzene ring and naphthalenone ring system is 1.89 (8)°; an intra-molecular N-H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs between the imino group and the carbonyl group. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by weak C-H⋯π inter-actions into supra-molecular chains propagating along the [01-1] direction.

  10. Calculation of Rydberg energy levels for the francium atom

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huang, Shi-Zhong; Chu, Jin-Min

    2010-06-01

    Based on the weakest bound electron potential model theory, the Rydberg energy levels and quantum defects of the np2Po1/2 (n = 7-50) and np2Po3/2 (n = 7-50) spectrum series for the francium atom are calculated. The calculated results are in excellent agreement with the 48 measured levels, and 40 energy levels for highly excited states are predicted.

  11. 1-Furoyl-3-methyl-3-phenyl­thio­urea

    PubMed Central

    Pérez, Hiram; Mascarenhas, Yvonne; Estévez-Hernández, Osvaldo; Santos Jr, Sauli; Duque, Julio

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C13H12N2O2S, crystallizes with two independent mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit. The two mol­ecules differ in the conformation of the thio­carbonyl and carbonyl groups, and show the typical geometric parameters of substituted thio­urea derivatives. The crystal structure is mainly stabilized by inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonding. PMID:21201532

  12. 1-Benzyl-3-(2-furo­yl)thio­urea

    PubMed Central

    Pérez, Hiram; Mascarenhas, Yvonne; Estévez-Hernández, Osvaldo; Santos Jr, Sauli; Duque, Julio

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C13H12N2O2S, the dihedral angle between the two aromatic ring planes is 87.52 (12)°. The mol­ecule shows an intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond. The crystal structure is stabilized by inter­molecular N—H⋯S and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonding. PMID:21202087

  13. The DOS 1 neutron dosimetry experiment at the HB-4-A key 7 surveillance site on the HFIR pressure vessel

    SciTech Connect

    Farrell, K.; Kam, F.B.; Baldwin, C.A.

    1994-01-01

    A comprehensive neutron dosimetry experiment was made at one of the prime surveillance sites at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) pressure vessel to aid radiation embrittlement studies of the vessel and to benchmark neutron transport calculations. The thermal neutron flux at the key 7, position 5 site was found, from measurements of radioactivation of four cobalt wires and four silver wires, to be 2.4 {times} 10{sup 12} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}s{sup {minus}1}. The thermal flux derived from two helium accumulation monitors was 2.3 {times} 10{sup 12} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}{sup {minus}1}. The thermal flux estimated by neutron transport calculations was 3.7 {times} 10{sup 12} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}s{sup {minus}1}. The fast flux, >1 MeV, determined from two nickel activation wires, was 1.5 {times} 10{sup 12} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}s{sup {minus}1}, in keeping with values obtained earlier from stainless steel surveillance monitors and with a computed value of 1.2 {times} 10{sup 13} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}{sup {minus}1}. The fast fluxes given by two reaction-product-type monitors, neptunium-237 and beryllium, were 2.6 {times} 10{sup 13} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}{center_dot}s {sup {minus}1} and 2.2 {times} 10{sup 13} n{center_dot}m{sup {minus}2}s{sup {minus}1}, respectively. Follow-up experiments indicate that these latter high values of fast flux are reproducible but are false; they are due to the creation of greater levels of reaction products by photonuclear events induced by an exceptionally high ratio of gamma flux to fast neutron flux at the vessel.

  14. A Construction of Boolean Functions with Good Cryptographic Properties

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    ciphers with linear feedback,” Adv. in Crypt. – CRYPTO 2003, LNCS 2729, Springer–Verlag, 2003, pp. 176–194. [12] N. Courtois and W. Meier, “ Algebraic ...37] Q. Wang, T. Johansson and H. Kan, “Some results on fast algebraic attacks and higher-order non- linearities ,” IET Information Security 6:1 (2012...construction. Keywords: Cryptographic Boolean functions, avalanche characteristics, re- siliency, algebraic immunity, nonlinearity, hidden weighted bit

  15. Product Definition Data (PDD) Current Environment Report

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    Air Force CALS Management Integra ion Office (MIO) at HQ Ail Force Systems Command (AFSC), Andrews AFB, DC. The scope of PDD includes; engineering...ISSUES, AND FINDINGS SECTION 1: INTRODUCTION Li BACKGROUND In conjunction with the Department of Defense-wide Computer-aided Acquisition and Logistics...Microfiche 11 Magnetic Media 12 N/C Tape Phyrica Storage Typos 13 Optical Disc D DesigniEngneering Data M Manufacturing Data P Post- Producton Support Data Data

  16. Alkene- and Alkyne- Substituted Methylimidazolium Bromides: Structural Effects and Physical properties (Preprint)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-08

    methylimidazolium cations possessing unsaturated sidechains (allyl-, 3-butenyl-, propargyl-, 2- butynyl-, and 2- pentynyl -) have been synthesized and... pentynyl -) have been synthesized and characterized by multinuclear NMR, vibrational spectroscopy, and DSC, X-ray and elemental analysis. X-ray structures...Calc. for C8H11N2Br: C, 44.67; H, 5.12; N, 13.03. Synthesis of 1-(2- pentynyl )-3-methylimidazolium bromide (5). 4.02 g (48.89 mmol) of 1

  17. Non-merohedrally twinned hexa-methyl-enetetra-mine-4-nitro-phenol-water (1/2/1), triclinic modification.

    PubMed

    Ng, Seik Weng

    2008-10-25

    The asymmetric unit of the title cocrystal, C(6)H(12)N(4)·2C(6)H(5)NO(3)·H(2)O, contains four formula units, which are linked by O-H⋯O and O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds into chains in the crystal. The crystal studied was a non-merohedral twin, with a minor twin component of 19%.

  18. Experimental Study of Blast Mitigation in a Water Mist

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-11-01

    and Silnikov M.V., The selection of the effective blast reduction method when detonating explosives, J. de Phys. IV France, 2002, v . 12, n. 7, pp. Pr7...porosity); iv) environment (confinement), surrounding the charge; and v ) the mitigant arrangement (shell containing the mitigant, and shell’s material...by introduction of a 5% vertical velocity disturbance in the inflow. This disturbance means that the vertical velocity ( V -component of the flow

  19. Study of Caking of Powders Using NQR Relaxometry with Inversion of the Laplace Transform

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sinyavsky, N. Ya.

    2017-04-01

    For the first time, it has been proposed to study the processes of caking nonmetallic powders containing quadrupole nuclei using the distribution of the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation times in NQR. The results of experimental studies of the effect of caking samples on the distributions of relaxation times of T1 and T2 for the 14N NQR in powders of NaNO2 and C6H12N4 are presented.

  20. Modeling of Propulsive Jet Plumes--Extension of Modeling Capabilities by Utilizing Wall Curvature Effects.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-06-01

    calculations (Program ASUEXP) have been previously determined to be reliable [30] for predicting viscid and inviscid impingement aspects *of...110 FLOAT 4 1 AQ ’>CI 1)3 12 N=:C 1 1511 135~ MlCC 1413 140 L-10 ~~~ 4 ~ ~ 3 PRINT "G/r’IMAU"GUPSTAM .L ROIL XP ’ ’ ~~~240 PRINT "r’ 1M1Ir2M;P-1 316

  1. The Electrochemical Behavior of Dispersions of Spherical Ultramicroelectrodes.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-07-30

    means of bipolar electrolyses with dispersions. Polarization equations are predicted for highly simplified models based on the concept of the mixture...three-dimensional electrodes. Bipolar electrolyses on dispersions of spherical particles have been proposed and the behavior of such electrodes in the...the presence of two reversible or two irreversible electrode reactions ii~i~iiii ill l ll li~l I I 1 1 1 12 n i II 2 using the simplest model , Figure 1A

  2. 28. Fern Canyon (Meier 1979)

    Treesearch

    Sheauchi Cheng

    2004-01-01

    This established RNA is on the San Dimas Experimental Forest, within the Angeles National Forest. It is approximately 6 miles (10 km) N. of the city of Claremont. It occupies portions of seven sects. in T1N, R8W SBBM (34°12'N., 117°43'W.), USGS Mt. Baldy quad (fig. 58). Ecological subsection – San Gabriel Mountains (M261Bd).

  3. Hydrogen-bonded sheets in benzylmethylammonium hydrogen maleate.

    PubMed

    Santacruz, Lynay; Abonia, Rodrigo; Cobo, Justo; Low, John N; Glidewell, Christopher

    2007-10-01

    In the title compound, C(8)H(12)N(+).C(4)H(3)O(4)(-), there is a short and almost linear but asymmetric O-H...O hydrogen bond in the anion. The ions are linked into C(2)(2)(6) chains by two short and nearly linear N-H...O hydrogen bonds and the chains are further weakly linked into sheets by a single C-H...O hydrogen bond.

  4. Order Out of Chaos: Domestic Enforcement of the Law of Internal Armed Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-01

    the time of the Resolution’s passage, Rwanda was an at-large member of the Security Council. See Ambassador Manzi Bakuramutsa, Identifying and...the genocide is questionable. See Ambassador Manzi Bakuramutsa, Identifying and Prosecuting War Criminal: Two Case Studies - the Former Yugoslavia...437 See Ambassador Manzi Bakuramutsa, Identifying and Prosecuting War Criminal: Two Case Studies - the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, 12 N.Y.L. SCH

  5. Basic Research on Plasma Cathode for HPM Sources (NE - Luginsland)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-11-30

    These probes are quasi-electromagnetic sensors in the sense that they respectively transform the electromotive force (inductively coupled magnetic... series with 66.12 nH solenoid (B-dot calibration test stand); • a 50 Ω ½ W resistor in parallel with a small geometry 2.3 pF parallel plate capacitor... series with a 50mR = Ω matching resistor provided superior magnetic field calibration properties yielding textbook results. Because the EM-dot in

  6. Stochastic Analysis of Facilities Hardened Against Conventional Weapons Effects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-01

    repect to a set of weigl-ing funcions with the equations taling the form S= 0 k=1,2,...,n, (3.16) 0 0 1=1,2,...,n, (3.17) Where el, and e, denote the...and Survivability Analysis of Protective Strctures,"Cbapter 3, Analysis of Fuzzy InformationCRC Press Inc, Boca Raton,Fl. Wright,S.,Coltharp,D.R

  7. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 27, January - February 1977.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-11-21

    BIBLIOGRAPHY OF.$OVIET LASER DEVELOPMENTS, N 27, JANUARY - FEBRUARY 1977 6. PERFORMING ORG REPORT NUMBER 7. AUTHOR(.) S. CONTRACT OR GRANT NUMBER(o) 9...Gasdynamic ................................ 12 N ~ZinLO PAS KMK-abo nED I -- ,, --. , W~--- -- ---------- I 3. Excimer...V. Draganescu, and N . Comaniciu (NS). Depen- dence of the optimum hydrogen pressure on the discharge in sealed-off CO2 lasers. Revue roumaine de

  8. Accelerometer-Determined Physical Activity among Elementary School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pan, Chien-Yu; Tsai, Chia-Liang; Hsieh, Kai-Wen; Chu, Chia-Hua; Li, Ya-Lin; Huang, Shih-Tse

    2011-01-01

    To examine age-related physical activity (PA) patterns between- and within-day in elementary school-aged children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). PA was recorded every 5-s by uniaxial accelerometry in 35 children (grades 1-2, n = 13; grades 3-4, n = 13; grades 5-6, n = 9) for up to five weekdays and two weekend days. Younger children were…

  9. Curvature and Tachibana numbers

    SciTech Connect

    Stepanov, Sergey E

    2011-07-31

    The aim of this paper is to define the rth Tachibana number t{sub r} of an n-dimensional compact oriented Riemannian manifold as the dimension of the space of conformally Killing r-forms, for r=1,2,...,n-1. We also describe properties of these numbers, by analogy with properties of the Betti numbers b{sub r} of a compact oriented Riemannian manifold. Bibliography: 25 titles.

  10. KCC2-mediated regulation of respiration-related rhythmic activity during postnatal development in mouse medulla oblongata.

    PubMed

    Okabe, Akihito; Shimizu-Okabe, Chigusa; Arata, Akiko; Konishi, Shiro; Fukuda, Atsuo; Takayama, Chitoshi

    2015-03-19

    GABA acts as inhibitory neurotransmitter in the adult central nervous system but as excitatory neurotransmitter during early postnatal development. This shift in GABA's action from excitation to inhibition is caused by a decrease in intracellular chloride concentration ([Cl(-)]i), which in turn is caused by changes in the relative expression levels of the K(+)-Cl(-) co-transporter (KCC2) and the Na(+), K(+)-2Cl(-) co-transporter (NKCC1) proteins. Previous studies have used slices containing the medullary pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) to record respiration-related rhythmic activity (RRA) from the hypoglossal nucleus (12 N). The role of GABAergic transmission in the regulation of medullary RRA neonatally, however, is yet to be determined. Here, we examined how GABA and chloride co-transporters contribute to RRA during development in the 12 N where inspiratory neurons reside. We recorded extracellular RRA in medullary slices obtained from postnatal day (P) 0-7 mice. RRA was induced by soaking slices in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF) containing 8mM-K(+). Application of GABA significantly increased the frequency of RRA after P3, whereas application of a KCC2 blocker (R (+)-[(2-n-butyl-6,7-dichloro-2-cyclopentyl-2,3-dihydro-1-oxo-1H-indenyl-5-yl)oxy]acetic acid (DIOA)) significantly decreased the frequency of RRA after P1. In addition, dense KCC2 immunolabeling was seen in the superior longitudinalis (SL) of the 12 N, which is responsible for retraction of the tongue, from P0 and P7. These results indicate that GABA administration can increase RRA frequency during the first week following birth. This in turn suggests that decreasing [Cl(-)]i levels caused by increasing KCC2 levels in the 12 N could play important roles in regulating the frequency of RRA during development.

  11. Cellular Targets of Dietary Polyphenol Resveratrol

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    Resveratrol (trans-3,4 0,5-trihydroxystilbene) is a grape -derived polyphenol under intensive study for its potential in cancer pre- vention. In the case...Moon, J.M. Pezzuto, Cancer chemopreventive activity of resveratrol, a natural product derived from grapes , Science 275 (1997) 218–220. [12] N.J. Miller...targeting proteins of chemopreventive agent resveratrol, denoted RTPs [1, 2], in androgen-dependent LNCaP and androgen-independent PC-3 prostate cancer

  12. (Z)-2-[(2-Hydr­oxy-1-naphth­yl)methyl­eneamino]benzonitrile

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Jian-Cheng; Zhang, Chuan-Ming; Li, Nai-Xu; Zhang, Zheng-Yun

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C18H12N2O, crystallizes in a phenol–imine tautomeric form with a Z conformation for the imine functionality. The dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 8.98 (9)°. A strong intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen-bond inter­action between the hydroxyl group and imine N atom occurs. PMID:21582953

  13. (E)-3-(2-Hydr­oxy-3-methoxy­benzyl­idene­amino)benzonitrile

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Jian-Cheng; Zhang, Chuan-Ming; Zhang, Zheng-Yun; Li, Nai-Xu

    2009-01-01

    The mol­ecule of the title compound, C15H12N2O2, displays a trans configuration with respect to the C=N double bond. The dihedral angle between the two benzene rings is 30.46 (14)°. A strong intra­molecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond stabilizes the mol­ecular structure. PMID:21583688

  14. Architectural Study of Adaptive Algorithms for Adaptive Beam Communication Antennas

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-07-01

    how the bit level similarities appear. Consider the multiplication of two n x n matrices, S - (sik) and H - ( hkj ) to form the matrix product Y = (y...ij) as in n y Z s"j hkj (i,j=1,2,...,n) (34)13j k-iil Without any loss of generality, Y may be considered to be made up of independent vectors y.. The

  15. 2-(2-Ammonio-ethyl)pyridinium hexa-chloridorhenate(IV).

    PubMed

    Kochel, Andrzej

    2009-02-04

    In the title anti-ferromagnetic material, (C(7)H(12)N(2))[ReCl(6)], the Néel temperature is observed at 5 K. The salt is stabilized by an extensive network of N-H⋯Cl and C-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds, where hydrogen-bonded anion chains and characteristic cation-anion motifs are present. Similar systems play an important role in crystal engineering as hydrogen bonds that can transmit magnetic inter-actions.

  16. A Synthetic P-Nitrophenyl Esterase with Remarkable Substrate Selectivity

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    in Fig. 4. The Lineweaver - Burk plot of the reciprocal of the reaction velocity (IN) versus the reciprocal of the substrate concentration (I/S) is...2.5 x 10-6 M 4 30 ’C in 1:1 (V/V) MeOH-aqueous buffer (pH 8.0), 1 (n = 6 J; n = 12 : n 14 A:n= 16 0). Fig. 4. Lineweaver - Burk plot for hydrolysis of I

  17. Crystal structure of hexa­kis­(dmpu)-di-μ2-hydroxido-dialuminium tetraiodide dmpu tetra­solvate [dmpu is 1,3-di­methyl­tetra­hydro­pyrimidin-2(1H)-one]: a centrosymmetric dinuclear aluminium complex containing AlO5 polyhedra

    PubMed Central

    Lundberg, Daniel; Lyczko, Krzysztof

    2015-01-01

    The structure of the title compound, [Al2(OH)2(C6H12N2O)6]I4·4C6H12N2O (systematic name: di-μ2-hydroxido-bis­{tris­[1,3-di­methyl­tetra­hydro­pyrimidin-2(1H)-one-κO]aluminium} tetra­iodide 1,3-di­methyl­tetra­hydro­pyrimidin-2(1H)-one tetra­solvate), is composed of two Al(C6H12N2O)3 moieties linked into a centrosymmetric dinuclear unit by a pair of bridging hydroxide ions. The aluminium cations show a distorted trigonal bipyramidal AlO5 coordination environment formed only by monodentate ligands. The Al—O bond lengths are in the range 1.789 (2)–1.859 (2) Å (mean bond length = 1.818 Å). The non-coordinating iodide anions compensate the charge of the complex cation. The remaining solvent mol­ecules and the iodide counter-anions inter­act with the complex cation by weak non-classical C—H⋯I and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:26396749

  18. Crystal structure of hexa-kis-(dmpu)-di-μ2-hydroxido-dialuminium tetraiodide dmpu tetra-solvate [dmpu is 1,3-di-methyl-tetra-hydro-pyrimidin-2(1H)-one]: a centrosymmetric dinuclear aluminium complex containing AlO5 polyhedra.

    PubMed

    Lundberg, Daniel; Lyczko, Krzysztof

    2015-08-01

    The structure of the title compound, [Al2(OH)2(C6H12N2O)6]I4·4C6H12N2O (systematic name: di-μ2-hydroxido-bis-{tris-[1,3-di-methyl-tetra-hydro-pyrimidin-2(1H)-one-κO]aluminium} tetra-iodide 1,3-di-methyl-tetra-hydro-pyrimidin-2(1H)-one tetra-solvate), is composed of two Al(C6H12N2O)3 moieties linked into a centrosymmetric dinuclear unit by a pair of bridging hydroxide ions. The aluminium cations show a distorted trigonal bipyramidal AlO5 coordination environment formed only by monodentate ligands. The Al-O bond lengths are in the range 1.789 (2)-1.859 (2) Å (mean bond length = 1.818 Å). The non-coordinating iodide anions compensate the charge of the complex cation. The remaining solvent mol-ecules and the iodide counter-anions inter-act with the complex cation by weak non-classical C-H⋯I and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.

  19. Study of Neutron Deficient 13O

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belarge, Joseph; Rogachev, G. V.; Blackmon, J.; Wiedenhover, I.; Baby, L.; Johnson, E. D.; Kuchera, A. N.; Koshchiy, E.; Lai, J.; Linhardt, L.; Macon, K.; Matos, M.; Santiago-Gonzalez, D.

    2013-10-01

    Development of theoretical framework that allows the combination of nuclear structure calculations with the continuum is an important objective of modern nuclear theory [A. Volya, PRC 79, 044308 (2009), S. Quaglioni and P. Navratil, PRL 101092501 (2008)]. Due to the low binding energy of exotic isotopes even the lowest excited states are unbound and therefore it is essential to take the continuum into account. We studied the structure of the lightest bound oxygen isotope, 13O, through 12N+p resonance scattering using the new active target detector ANASEN [M. Matos et al., Proc. Intern. Symp. on Nuclei in the Cosmos, July 19-23, Heidelberg, Germany, p. 226 (2010)]. The experiment was performed at the John D. Fox Superconducting Accelerator Laboratory at Florida State University. A rare isotope beam of 12N ions was produced using the radioactive nuclear beam facility RESOLUT. Methane gas was used as a target and also as an active medium for the gas proportional counters of the ANASEN detector. The analysis of the p+12N excitation functions was performed using the R-Matrix approach. The preliminary results of the experiment will be presented.

  20. Crystal structures of three co-crystals of 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane with 4-alk-oxy-benzoic acids: 4-eth-oxy-benzoic acid-1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane (2/1), 4-n-propoxybenzoic acid-1,2-bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethane (2/1) and 4-n-but-oxy-benzoic acid-1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane (2/1).

    PubMed

    Tabuchi, Yohei; Gotoh, Kazuma; Ishida, Hiroyuki

    2015-11-01

    The crystal structures of three hydrogen-bonded co-crystals of 4-alk-oxy-benzoic acid-1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane (2/1), namely, 2C9H10O3·C12H12N2, (I), 2C10H12O3·C12H12N2, (II), and 2C11H14O3·C12H12N2, (III), have been determined at 93, 290 and 93 K, respectively. In (I), the asymmetric unit consists of one 4-eth-oxy-benzoic acid mol-ecule and one half-mol-ecule of 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane, which lies on an inversion centre. In (II) and (III), the asymmetric units each comprise two crystallographically independent 4-alk-oxy-benzoic acid mol-ecules and one 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane mol-ecule. In each crystal, the two components are linked by O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming a linear hydrogen-bonded 2:1unit of the acid and the base. Similar to the structure of 2:1 unit of (I), the units of (II) and (III) adopt nearly pseudo-inversion symmetry. The 2:1 units of (I), (II) and (III) are linked via C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming tape structures.

  1. Quasiparticle electronic structure of barium-silicon oxynitrides for white-LED application

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bertrand, B.; Poncé, S.; Waroquiers, D.; Stankovski, M.; Giantomassi, M.; Mikami, M.; Gonze, X.

    2013-08-01

    Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu2+ and Ba3Si6O9N4:Eu2+ have strikingly similar atomistic structures, but the former is an efficient green phosphor at working temperature while the latter is a bluish-green phosphor whose luminescence decreases quite fast with temperature. Aiming at the understanding of such different behavior, we compute the quasiparticle electronic band structure of the two hosts, Ba3Si6O12N2 and Ba3Si6O9N4, thanks to many-body perturbation theory in the G0W0 approximation. The gap differs by about 0.43 eV. We analyze the eigenfunctions at the top of the valence band, at the bottom of the conduction band, and also the chemical shifts for the Ba site in the two hosts. The valence bands, directly impacted by the different stoichiometric ratio, are not thought to play a large role in the luminescence. Deceivingly, the dispersive bottom of the conduction band, directly related to luminescent properties, is similar in both compounds. The spatial topology of the probability density of the bottom of the conduction bands differs, as well as the location of the 5d peak, with a much higher energy than the bottom of the conduction band in Ba3Si6O12N2 than in Ba3Si6O9N4. Electromagnetic absorption spectra are also computed for both compounds.

  2. Characterization of high fluence neutron induced defect levels in high resistivity silicon detectors using a laser deep level transient spectroscopy (L-DLTS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chengji, Li; Li, Zheng

    1994-03-01

    Neutron irradiated high resistivity (4-6 kΩ-cm) silicon detectors in the neutron fluence ( Φn) range of 5 × 10 11 n/cm 2 to 1 × 10 14 n/cm 2 have been studied using a laser deep level transient spectroscopy (L-DLTS). It has been found that the A-center (oxygen-vacancy, Ec = 0.17 eV) concentration increases with neutron fluence, reaching a maximum at Φn ≈ 5×10 12 n/cm 2 before decreasing with Φn. A broad peak has been found between 200 K and 300 K, which is the result of the overlap of three single levels: the V-V - ( Ec = 0.38 eV), the E-center (P-v, Ec = 0.44 eV), and a level at Ec = 0.56 eV that is probably V-V 0. At low neutron fluences ( Φn < 5 × 10 12 n/cm 2), this broad peak is dominated by V-V - and the E-centers. However, as the fluence increases ( Φn ≥ 5 × 10 12 n/cm 2), the peak becomes dominated by the level of Ec = 0.56 eV.

  3. Syntheses, structures and properties of two 2-D layered hybrid organic-inorganic materials based on different V4O12 building units.

    PubMed

    Hou, Wentao; Guo, Jiuyu; Xu, Xiao; Wang, Zuoxiang; Zhang, Deng; Wan, Hongxiang; Song, You; Zhu, Dunru; Xu, Yan

    2014-01-14

    Two new layered hybrid organic-inorganic compounds [Zn(pyim)]2V4O12 () (pyim = 2-(2-pyridyl)imidazole) and [Cu(bim)2]2V4O12(H2O)·CH3CH2OH () (bim = bis(1-imidazolyl)methane) based on polyoxovanadates (POVs) and organic ligands decorated transition metal units have been synthesized by hydrothermal and solvothermal methods respectively. Single crystal XRD, fluorescence spectrum, magnetic measurement, IR spectra, powder XRD and thermogravimetric (TG) measurements were performed to analyze the structures and properties of and . The structural analysis reveals that compound features a two-dimensional {[Zn(pyim)]2V4O12}n layered structure, constructed by sine wave-like {V4O12}n(4n-) chains, Zn(2+) ions and pyim ligands. In the layered structure of , {V4O12}(4-) circles are connected by Cu(2+) ions to form {Cu(V4O12)}n(2n-) chains, which are further linked by {Cu(bim)4}(2+) subunits to generate a hybrid layer of . The magnetic susceptibility measurement indicates strong antiferromagnetic interactions between Cu(2+) ions in .

  4. A Family of Uranyl Coordination Polymers Containing O-Donor Dicarboxylates and Trispyridyltriazine Guests

    SciTech Connect

    Thangavelu, Sonia G.; Cahill, Christopher L.

    2016-01-06

    Four uranyl coordination polymers [UO2(C6H8O4)(H2O)2](C18H12N6)2 (1), [UO2(C8H4O4)(H2O)2](C18H12N6)2 (2), Na[(UO2)(C12H6O4)2](C18H13N6)·H2O (3), and Na[(UO2)(C16H8O4)(C6H3NO2)](C18H12N6)·H2O (4) containing aliphatic (adipic acid) or aromatic linkers (1,4-benzene dicarboxylic acid (BDC), 1,4-napthalene dicarboxylic acid (NDC), anthracene 9,10-dicarboxylic acid (ADC)) were synthesized and characterized using single crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, and luminescence spectroscopy. The π-stacking distances or the number of π–π interactions present between trispyridyltriazine (TPTZ) guests or the host framework in 1–4 may be affected by the size of the O-donor linker (adipic acid < BDC < NDC < ADC). Luminescence studies show that substitution between adipic acid and BDC influences the emission of 1 and 2, in which the emission of 1 shows a red shift relative to that of 2. Uranyl emission was not observed in 3 and 4, and may be attributed to the position of the NDC and ADC triplet state relative to the emissive uranyl species.

  5. Three pharmaceuticals cocrystals of adefovir: Syntheses, structures and dissolution study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Xiaoming; Sun, Fuxing; Zhang, Tingting; Jia, Jiangtao; Su, Hongmin; Wang, Chenhui; Zhu, Guangshan

    2015-11-01

    We report here three novel cocrystals, which are composed of adefovir as the API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient) with p-aminobenzoic acid (1, 2C8H12N5O4P·C7H6NO2·3H2O), 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (2, C8H12N5O4P·C7H6O4·H2O) and 2,6-pyridinedicarboxlic acid (3, C8H12N5O4P·C7H5NO4) as CCFs (cocrystal formers) respectively by crystal engineering strategy. Their structures were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis, thermogravimetric analyses (TGA), elemental analysis (EA) and infrared spectral analysis (IR). The analysis of single crystal X-ray diffraction demonstrate that cocrystal 1 and 2 form a strong hydrogen-bonded assembly through the phosphoric acids of API with water in the lattice and carboxylic acids of CCF respectively. Cocrystal 3 is formed in which the phosphoric acid groups of API are also held by the carboxylic acid groups of CCF. The PXRD results indicate their high purity of as-synthesized samples. The TGA, EA, IR and dissolution study of API and the cocrystals were also measured and discussed.

  6. High-fat diet intake from senescence inhibits the attenuation of cell functions and the degeneration of villi with aging in the small intestine, and inhibits the attenuation of lipid absorption ability in SAMP8 mice.

    PubMed

    Yamamoto, Kazushi; E, Shuang; Hatakeyama, Yu; Sakamoto, Yu; Tsuduki, Tsuyoshi

    2015-11-01

    We examined the effect of a high-fat diet from senescence as a means of preventing malnutrition among the elderly. The senescence-accelerated mouse P8 was used and divided into three groups. The 6C group was given a normal diet until 6 months old. The 12N group was given a normal diet until 12 months old. The 12F group was given a normal diet until 6 months old and then a high-fat diet until 12 months old. In the oral fat tolerance test, there was a decrease in area under the curve for serum triacylglycerol level in the 12N group and a significant increase in the 12F group, suggesting that the attenuation of lipid absorption ability with aging was delayed by a high-fat diet from senescence. To examine this mechanism, histological analysis in the small intestine was performed. As a result, the degeneration of villi with aging was inhibited by the high-fat diet. There was also a significant decrease in length of villus in the small intestine in the 12N group and a significant increase in the 12F group. The high-fat diet from senescence inhibited the degeneration of villi with aging in the small intestine, and inhibited the attenuation of lipid absorption ability.

  7. Logistics and preparations for the NPE

    SciTech Connect

    Thompson, P.J.; Miller, J.W.

    1994-12-31

    The purpose of this experiment was to simulate a one kiloton nuclear explosion using chemical explosives and try to differentiate the seismic signatures generated from that of previous nuclear detonations. In order to duplicate the geology of nuclear detonations this experiment was carried out in the {open_quotes}N{close_quotes} Tunnel complex at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). This location was particularly appropriate since data is available from previous nearby nuclear events for comparison with data to be collected from the Chemical Kiloton (CKT) Experiment. We operated on a non-interference basis with test program activities. A total of 2.9 million pounds of blasting agent was detonated using five 5 pound Pentolite booster charges, each initiated by a high energy Exploding Bridge Wire (EBW) detonator. The blasting agent consisting of a 50/50 emulsion ANFO mixture; the emulsion being an ammonium nitrate water mixture, and ANFO being an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture. The explosive was emplaced at the end of a newly mined drift, designated U12n.25, which branched off an existing drift in {open_quotes}N{close_quotes} Tunnel, U12n.23. A cavity was mined at the end of U12n.25 and instrumented with arrays of Continuous Reflectometry for Radius Versus Time (CORRTEX) cables, thermocouples, and pressure measuring instrumentation for both scientific and safety monitoring purposes. Additional instrumentation, external to the cavity, was installed in several tunnel locations, as well as locations external to the tunnel, and on Ranier Mesa above the point of detonation. More distant measurements were made at various permanently installed seismic stations across the country, as well as at some international locations. In particular, an attempt was made to coordinate this detonation with the National Science Foundation fielding of a seismic array emplaced by Duke University in the southern Sierra-Nevada mountain range (Nevada & California) during mid-September of 1993.

  8. Antimicrobial susceptibility and oxymino-β-lactam resistance mechanisms in Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli isolates from different animal sources.

    PubMed

    Clemente, Lurdes; Manageiro, Vera; Jones-Dias, Daniela; Correia, Ivone; Themudo, Patricia; Albuquerque, Teresa; Geraldes, Margarida; Matos, Filipa; Almendra, Cláudia; Ferreira, Eugénia; Caniça, Manuela

    2015-09-01

    The impact of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamases (PMAβs) of animal origin has been a public health concern. In this study, 562 Salmonella enterica and 598 Escherichia coli isolates recovered from different animal species and food products were tested for antimicrobial resistance. Detection of ESBL-, PMAβ-, plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR)-encoding genes and integrons was performed in isolates showing non-wild-type phenotypes. Susceptibility profiles of Salmonella spp. isolates differed according to serotype and origin of the isolates. The occurrence of cefotaxime non-wild-type isolates was higher in pets than in other groups. In nine Salmonella isolates, blaCTX-M (n = 4), blaSHV-12 (n = 1), blaTEM-1 (n = 2) and blaCMY-2 (n = 2) were identified. No PMQR-encoding genes were found. In 47 E. coli isolates, blaCTX-M (n = 15), blaSHV-12 (n = 2), blaCMY-2 (n = 6), blaTEM-type (n = 28) and PMQR-encoding genes qnrB (n = 2), qnrS (n = 1) and aac(6')-Ib-cr (n = 6) were detected. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the presence of blaCMY-2 (n = 2) and blaSHV-12 (n = 1) genes among S. enterica from broilers in Portugal. This study highlights the fact that animals may act as important reservoirs of isolates carrying ESBL-, PMAβ- and PMQR-encoding genes that might be transferred to humans through direct contact or via the food chain. Copyright © 2015 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Radiotherapy Can Decrease Locoregional Recurrence and Increase Survival in Mastectomy Patients With T1 to T2 Breast Cancer and One to Three Positive Nodes With Negative Estrogen Receptor and Positive Lymphovascular Invasion Status

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, P.S.; Chen, C.M.; Liu, M.C.; Jian, J.M.; Horng, C.F.; Liu, M.J.; Yu, B.L.; Lee, M.Y.; Chi, C.W.

    2010-06-01

    Purpose: To define a subgroup of patients at high risk of locoregional recurrence (LRR) who might be benefit from postmastectomy radiotherapy in invasive breast cancer and tumor size <5 cm with one to three involved axillary lymph nodes (T1-2 N1). Methods and Materials: Between April 1991 and December 2005, 544 patients with T1-2 N1 invasive breast cancer were treated with modified radical mastectomy. Of the 544 patients, 383 patients (70.4%) had no radiotherapy, and 161 patients (29.6%) received radiotherapy. We retrospectively compared these two patient groups. Results: With a median follow-up of 40.3 months, LRR occurred in 40 (7.4%) of 544 patients. On univariate analysis, high nuclear grade (p = 0.04), negative estrogen receptor (ER) status (p = 0.001), presence of lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (p = 0.003), and no radiotherapy (p = 0.0015) were associated with a significantly higher rate of LRR. Negative ER status (hazard ratio = 5.1) and presence of LVI (hazard ratio = 2.5) were the risk factors for LRR with statistical significance in the multivariate analysis. Radiotherapy reduced the LRR in patients with the following characteristics: age <40 years, T2 stage, high nuclear grade, negative ER status, and presence of LVI. For 41 patients with negative ER and positive LVI status, radiotherapy can reduce LRR from 10 of 25 (40%) to 2 of 16 (12.5%) and increase the 5-year overall survival from 43.7% to 87.1%. Conclusion: Radiotherapy can reduce LRR and increase survival in T1-2 N1 breast cancer patients with negative ER status and presence of LVI.

  10. Iridium 192 implantation of T1 and T2 carcinomas of the mobile tongue

    SciTech Connect

    Mazeron, J.J.; Crook, J.M.; Benck, V.; Marinello, G.; Martin, M.; Raynal, M.; Haddad, E.; Peynegre, R.; Le Bourgeois, J.P.; Walop, W. )

    1990-12-01

    Between 1970 and 1986, 166 patients with T1 or T2 epidermoid carcinomas of the mobile tongue were treated by iridium 192 implantation (70 T1N0, 83 T2N0, 13 T1-2 N1-3). Five-year actuarial survival was 52% for T1N0, 44% for T2aN0, and 8% for or T1-2 N1-3. Cause specific survivals were 90%, 71%, and 46%, respectively. Local control was 87% for both T1N0 and T2N0, and 69% for T1-2 N1-3. Seven of 23 failures were salvaged by surgery, increasing local control to 96% for T1 and 90% for T2. Thirty-six patients developed a minor or moderate necrosis (16% T1, 28% T2). Half of these involved bone but only five required surgical intervention. Both local control (LC) and necrosis (nec) increased with increasing dose but improvement beyond 65 Gy is minimal (less than or equal to 60 Gy: LC = 78% nec = 13%; 65 Gy: LC = 90% nec = 29%; greater than or equal to 70 Gy: LC = 94% nec = 23%). For N0 patients, neck management consisted of surveillance (n = 78), elective neck dissection followed with external irradiation for pathologically positive nodes (n = 72), or irradiation (n = 3). Clinically positive nodes (13 patients) were managed by either neck dissection followed by external irradiation if pathologically positive (n = 10) or irradiation alone (n = 3). Regional control was 79% for N0 patients, improving to 88% after surgical salvage, and was 9/13 for N1-3 patients. We recommend that T1 and T2 carcinomas of the mobile tongue be treated by iridium 192 implantation to deliver 65 Gy. Mandibular necrosis should be reduced by using an intra-oral lead-lined dental mold.

  11. Tribological Behavior of γ-TiAl Matrix Composites with Different Contents of Multilayer Graphene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yan, Zhao; Shen, Qiao; Shi, Xiaoliang; Yang, Kang; Zou, Jialiang; Huang, Yuchun; Zhang, Ao; Ibrahim, Ahmed Mohamed Mahmoud; Wang, Zhihai

    2017-04-01

    In this study, the effect of friction layer thickness and subsurface nano-hardness of wear track on tribological behavior of γ-TiAl matrix composites is investigated. The results of dry sliding tribolocial tests of γ-TiAl matrix composites with 0-2.25 wt.% multilayer graphene (MLG) (0.25 wt.% in tolerance) under different applied loads are reported. The testing results show that the optimized addition amount of MLG is 1.75 wt.% at 12 N (friction layer thickness 3.23 µm, subsurface nano-hardness of wear track 9.03 GPa). It can be found that a continuous and thick friction layer is formed in γ-TiAl-1.75 wt.% MLG at 12 N, resulting in a lower friction coefficient of 0.31 and wear rate of 2.09 × 10-5 mm3 N-1 m-1. During dry sliding process, the high subsurface nano-hardness of wear track leads to the increase in resisting plastic deformation capacity and reduces the material loss. Meanwhile, the thick friction layer contains MLG with high tensile strength which is easily sheared off. Hence, γ-TiAl matrix composites show excellent tribological performance of a friction-reducing and an increase in wear resistance. The investigation shows that γ-TiAl-1.75 wt.% MLG, due to its excellent tribological behavior at 12 N, can be chosen as a promising structural material for minimizing friction- and wear-related mechanical failures in sliding mechanical components.

  12. Processes of care in the multidisciplinary treatment of gastric cancer: results of a RAND/UCLA expert panel.

    PubMed

    Brar, Savtaj S; Mahar, Alyson L; Helyer, Lucy K; Swallow, Carol; Law, Calvin; Paszat, Lawrence; Seevaratnam, Rajini; Cardoso, Roberta; McLeod, Robin; Dixon, Matthew; Yohanathan, Lavanya; Lourenco, Laercio G; Bocicariu, Alina; Bekaii-Saab, Tanios; Chau, Ian; Church, Neal; Coit, Daniel; Crane, Christopher H; Earle, Craig; Mansfield, Paul; Marcon, Norman; Miner, Thomas; Noh, Sung Hoon; Porter, Geoff; Posner, Mitchell C; Prachand, Vivek; Sano, Takeshi; van de Velde, Cornelis; Wong, Sandra; Coburn, Natalie G

    2014-01-01

    There is growing interest in reducing the variations and deficiencies in the multidisciplinary management of gastric cancer. To define optimal treatment strategies for gastric adenocarcinoma (GC). RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method involving a multidisciplinary expert panel of 16 physicians from 6 countries. Gastrectomy, perioperative chemotherapy, adjuvant chemoradiation, surveillance endoscopy, and best supportive care. Panelists scored 416 scenarios regarding treatment scenarios for appropriateness from 1 (highly inappropriate) to 9 (highly appropriate). Median appropriateness scores from 1 to 3 were considered inappropriate; 4 to 6, uncertain; and 7 to 9, appropriate. Agreement was reached when 12 of 16 panelists scored the scenario similarly. Appropriate scenarios agreed on were subsequently scored for necessity. For patients with T1N0 disease, surgery alone was considered appropriate, while there was no agreement over surgery alone for patients T2N0 disease. Perioperative chemotherapy was appropriate for patients who had T1-2N2-3 or T3-4 GC without major symptoms. Adjuvant chemoradiotherapy was classified as appropriate for T1-2N1-3 or T3-4 proximal GC and necessary for T1-2N2-3 or T3-4 distal GC. There was no agreement regarding surveillance imaging and endoscopy following gastrectomy. Surveillance endoscopy was deemed to be appropriate after endoscopic resection. For patients with metastatic GC, surgical resection was considered inappropriate for those with no major symptoms, unless the disease was limited to positive cytology alone, in which case there was disagreement. Patients with GC being treated with curative intent should be considered for multimodal treatment. For patients with incurable disease, surgical interventions should be considered only for the management of major bleeding or obstruction.

  13. Solid-state phase transitions of AG337, an antitumor agent.

    PubMed

    Rastogi, S; Zamansky, I; Roy, S; Tyle, P; Suryanarayanan, R

    1999-01-01

    The object of this investigation was to perform detailed solid-state characterization studies on the different solid forms of AG337 and to determine the conditions of their interconversions. Solid-state characterization was done using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), hot stage microscopy, Karl Fischer titrimetry, ambient and variable temperature X-ray powder diffractometry (XRD) and TGA coupled with FTIR (TGA/FTIR). In addition to five polymorphic forms of the anhydrate (I alpha to I epsilon), a hemihydrate (C14H12N4OS.2HCl.0.5H2O, II), a monohydrate (C14H12N4OS.2HCl.H2O; III), as well as a dihydrate (C14H12N4OS.2HCl.2H2O; IV) were identified. The 'as is' anhydrate, I alpha, resisted water uptake until stored at 98% RH (room temperature), where it transformed directly to IV, II and III transformed to IV at RH values > or = 7.6 and 84% respectively. Heating II and III to 130 degrees C in the variable temperature XRD resulted in the formation of I beta and I gamma respectively. On the other hand, I delta and I epsilon were obtained when II and III were respectively stored at 60 degrees C under vacuum. Variable temperature XRD, by providing information about the solid-state as a function of temperature, assisted in the interpretation of the DSC and TGA results. TGA/FTIR provided direct evidence that the thermal events observed in the temperature ranges of 25-150 degrees C and 200-250 degrees C were due to loss of water and loss of hydrogen chloride respectively. In addition to the conventional analytical techniques such as XRD, DSC, TGA and KFT, two other techniques, (variable temperature XRD and TGA/FTIR), were very useful in these solid-state characterization studies.

  14. JETCAL 2000R Analyzer H337PA-603 Operational Test and Evaluation (OT&E) on H-53 E/J Aircraft and H46 D/E Aircraft

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-28

    ost s W hen C O SS I is Im ple m en ted 19 ,517 17 ,580 15 ,161 14 ,639 14 ,018 13 ,597 13 ,188 12...n t V a l u e ( $ K ) C. Ma rg in al I n vestm en t D. Mar gina l Savin gs Cost Com p ar ison -- Sho w ing Do D I n vestm en t s a nd Savin...copies GE AIRCRAFT ENgINES, 1000 WESTERN AVE., LYNN, MA 01910 Attention: Mr. William Meyer, T64 engines and Mr. Gordon Gissel , T58 engines A-1

  15. Molecular and crystal structure of 2-{( E)-[(4-Methylphenyl)imino]methyl}-4-nitrophenol: A redetermination

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaynar, Nihal Kan; Tanak, Hasan; Şahin, Songul; Dege, Necmi; Ağar, Erbil; Yavuz, Metin

    2016-03-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, C14H12N2O3, was recently determined as a mixture of its neutral (OH containing) and zwitterionic (NH containing) forms, in a 0.60 (4): 0.40 (4) ratio using the X-ray determination. In this study, the title compound has been characterized by FT-IR and X-ray diffraction. The redetermination showed that the title compound has only enol (OH) form because of lack of the NH stretching vibration in FT-IR spectrum. In addition, the molecular structure and tautomerism of the title compound have been discussed.

  16. Pyridine-4-carbaldehyde 4-phenylsemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Mendoza-Meroño, Rafael; Menéndez-Taboada, Laura; Fernández-Zapico, Eva; García-Granda, Santiago

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C13H12N4O, the semicarbazone fragment links a benzene and a pyridine ring in the structure. The crystal packing is stabilized by strong inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which connect two mol­ecules to form a synthon unit, and by N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds and weak C—H⋯π inter­actions. The mol­ecular conformation is stabil­ized by intra­molecular N—H⋯N and C—H⋯O inter­actions. PMID:21754444

  17. The role of carbonate in electro-catalytic water oxidation by using Ni(1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane)(2).

    PubMed

    Ariela, Burg; Yaniv, Wolfer; Dror, Shamir; Haya, Kornweitz; Yael, Albo; Eric, Maimon; Dan, Meyerstein

    2017-08-22

    NiLi(2+) are good electro-catalysts for water oxidation in phosphate or carbonate buffers. The results point out that the active oxidizing agents are L(X)Ni(IV)OH(4-(3-n+1)/(2-n+1)), where X = PO4Hn((3-n)-) or CO3Hn((2-n)-) formed from LNi(IV)X2via a mechanism involving an acid catalyzed O-P or O-C bond heterolysis. Carbonate behaves differently from phosphate as it is a non-innocent ligand and it can be oxidized.

  18. Ionization potential for excited S states of the lithium atom

    SciTech Connect

    Puchalski, M.; KePdziera, D.; Pachucki, K.

    2010-12-15

    Nonrelativistic, relativistic, quantum electrodynamic, and finite nuclear mass corrections to the energy levels are obtained for the nS{sub 1/2},n=3,...,9 states of the lithium atom. Computational approach is based on the explicitly correlated Hylleraas functions with the analytic integration and recursion relations. Theoretical predictions for the ionization potential of nS{sub 1/2} states and transition energies nS{sub 1/2{yields}}2S{sub 1/2} are compared to known experimental values for {sup 6,7}Li isotopes.

  19. 2-[(2-Aza­niumyleth­yl)carbamo­yl]phenolate–phenol (1/1)

    PubMed Central

    Yebedri, Sihem; Louhibi, Samira; Bouacida, Sofiane; Ourari, Ali; Roisnel, Thierry

    2013-01-01

    In the title 1:1 adduct, C9H12N2O2·C6H6O, the dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the salicylic amide group is 6.68 (6)°. The conformation of the amide group is supported by two intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which close S(6) and S(7) rings. In the crystal, the components are linked by O—H⋯O and N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, generating (100) sheets. PMID:23634046

  20. Sensitivity of BN nano-cages to caffeine and nicotine molecules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Soltani, Alireza; Baei, Mohammad T.; Tazikeh Lemeski, E.; Shahini, Malihe

    2014-12-01

    Adsorption of caffeine and nicotine molecules over B12N12 and B16N16 nano-cages were investigated by using first-principles calculations to define whether BN nano-cages are applicable for filtering or sensing caffeine and nicotine molecules. The chemisorption energy of nicotine molecule on BN nano-cages is very stronger than caffeine molecule. Upon the adsorption of caffeine and nicotine molecules, the electronic properties of the BN nano-cages can be significantly changed, being too much sensitized on the caffeine and nicotine adsorptions.

  1. A Symmetrized Basis for Transitions in the Heisenberg Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haydock, Roger; Nex, C. M. M.

    2013-03-01

    The spin-S Heisenberg model has 2S+1 states on each site, for which there are (2S+1)2 possible transitions between these states. For N sites there are (2S+1)N states and (2S+1)2N transitions between states. This rapid increase in the number of transitions with sites appears to limit calculations to just a few sites. However for transitions induced by spin-spin interactions, we construct a symmetrized basis which only grows as 2N-3, making possible computations for much larger systems. Supported by the Richmond F. Snyder Fund.

  2. Richard B. Russell Dam and Reservoir: Potential Water Quality Effects of Initial Filling and Decomposition of Vegetation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-01-01

    N solutions of mixed K and Ca nitrates, 1.2 N KNO3, and 0.8 N Ca(N03)2, respectively (Tucker 1974). 23. Total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN). A 0.5-g...subsample of each . soil was weighed into a micro- Kjeldahl flask containing 1.1 g of di- gestion mixture (100 g of K2S04, l0g of CUSO 4ř H20, and 1.0 g of...consumed by a gram of substrate in a litre of assay water. Decomposition of vegetation 26. Decomposition of vegetation was studied using the following

  3. Use of ion exchange resins in the analysis of rocks and minerals: Separation of sodium and potassium

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Reichen, L.E.

    1958-01-01

    This procedure was developed primarily for analyses in which limited amounts of sample are available. Sodium and potassium can be separated from the other constituents of silicate rocks by cation exchange resin (Amberlite IR-120). The sample is decomposed with hydrofluoric and sulfuric acids and passed through the resin bed after expulsion of the fluorine. The column is eluted with 0.12N hydrochloric acid at a fast flow rate of 4 ml. per sq. cm. per minute and the sodium and potassium are recovered together within a reasonable time. Other constituents of the sample, except silica, can be determined on the same portion of sample.

  4. SEPARATING HAFNIUM FROM ZIRCONIUM

    DOEpatents

    Lister, B.A.J.; Duncan, J.F.; Hutcheon, J.M.

    1956-08-21

    Substantially complete separation of zirconium from hafnium may be obtained by elution of ion exchange material, on which compounds of the elements are adsorbed, with an approximately normal solution of sulfuric acid. Preferably the acid concentration is between 0.8 N amd 1.2 N, amd should not exceed 1.5 N;. Increasing the concentration of sulfate ion in the eluting solution by addition of a soluble sulfate, such as sodium sulfate, has been found to be advantageous. The preferred ion exchange materials are sulfonated polystyrene resins such as Dowex 50,'' and are preferably arranged in a column through which the solutions are passed.

  5. Crystal structure of 2-phenyl-ethanaminium 3-carb-oxy-prop-2-enoate.

    PubMed

    Sowmya, N Swarna; Sampathkrishnan, S; Akilan, R; Chakkaravarthi, G; Kumar, R Mohan

    2015-09-01

    The title mol-ecular salt, C8H12N(+)·C4H3O4 (-), crystallized with two independent cations and anions in the asymmetric unit. The ethanaminium side chains of the cations exhibit anti conformations [C-C-C-N torsion angles = 176.5 (3) and -179.4 (3)°]. In the crystal, N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds connect adjacent anions and cations, and , O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds connect adjacent anions, generating sheets parallel to (001).

  6. Crystal structure of 4,4'-(ethene-1,2-di-yl)dipyridinium bis-(3-carb-oxy-benzene-sulfonate).

    PubMed

    Wu, Jing; Zhu, Long-Guan

    2014-11-01

    In the title mol-ecular salt, C12H12N2 (2+)·2C7H5O5S(-), the complete dication is generated by crystallographic inversion symmetry. In the anion, the sulfonic acid group is deprotonated and the dihedral angle between the planes of the carb-oxy-lic acid group and the benzene ring is 12.41 (11)°. In the crystal, the anions are linked into inversion dimers by pairs of O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which generate R 2 (2)(16) loops. The dications link the anion dimers into [10-2] chains via N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.

  7. Electro-optic measurement of the wake fields of a relativistic electron beam.

    PubMed

    Fitch, M J; Melissinos, A C; Colestock, P L; Carneiro, J P; Edwards, H T; Hartung, W H

    2001-07-16

    When a relativistic electron bunch traverses a structure, strong electromagnetic fields are induced in its wake. For a 12 nC bunch of duration 4.2 ps FWHM, the peak field is measured >0.5 MV/m. Time resolution of approximately 5 ps is achieved using electro-optic sampling with a lithium tantalate (LiTaO3) crystal and a short-pulse infrared laser synchronized to the beam. We present measurements for both the longitudinal and radial components of the field and relate them to the wall impedance.

  8. Direct measurement of Vorticella contraction force by micropipette deflection.

    PubMed

    France, Danielle; Tejada, Jonathan; Matsudaira, Paul

    2017-02-01

    The ciliated protozoan Vorticella convallaria is noted for its exceptionally fast adenosine triphosphate-independent cellular contraction, but direct measurements of contractile force have proven difficult given the length scale, speed, and forces involved. We used high-speed video microscopy to image live Vorticella stalled in midcontraction by deflection of an attached micropipette. Stall forces correlate with both distance contracted and the resting stalk length. Estimated isometric forces range from 95 to 177 nanonewtons (nN), or 1.12 nN·μm(-1) of the stalk. Maximum velocity and work are also proportional to distance contracted. These parameters constrain proposed biochemical/physical models of the contractile mechanism.

  9. On the Classification of Fractal Squares

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Luo, Jun Jason; Liu, Jing-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    In the previous paper [K. S. Lau, J. J. Luo and H. Rao, Topological structure of fractal squares, Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 155 (2013) 73-86], Lau, Luo and Rao completely classified the topological structure of so called fractal square F defined by F = (F + 𝒟)/n, where 𝒟 ⊊ {0, 1,…,n - 1}2,n ≥ 2. In this paper, we further provide simple criteria for the F to be totally disconnected, then we discuss the Lipschitz classification of F in the case n = 3, which is an attempt to consider non-totally disconnected sets.

  10. Study of Chemical Carcinogens by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pivtsaev, A. A.; Razov, V. I.; Karasev, A. O.

    2013-11-01

    We have used positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy to study the carcinogens C21H20BrN3, C4H7Cl2O4P, CCl4, CHCl3, AlF3, C8H12N4O, C6H4Cl2 and the non-carcinogens H2O, AlCl3, CH2Cl2, C2H6OS. We have established a correlation between the annihilation characteristics of the studied compounds and their degree of carcinogenicity.

  11. Cross section calculations for electron scattering from platinum chemotherapeutic compounds. Electron scattering from carboplatin and oxaliplatin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Żywicka, B.; Możejko, P.

    2013-10-01

    Cross section for electron impact ionization of carboplatin, C6H12N2O4Pt, and oxaliplatin, C8H14N2O4Pt, have been calculated within binary-encounter-Bethe model for energies from the ionization threshold up to 5000 eV. Cross section for elastic electron scattering from carboplatin and oxaliplatin molecules have also been derived using independent atom method (IAM) and additivity rule for collision energies ranging from 50 eV to 3000 eV. Obtained cross sections have been compared with relevant cross sections for cisplatin molecules.

  12. The magnitude of a human bite measured exactly at the molar Intercuspidation using FBG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marin, Gabriela Costa; Milczewski, Maura S.; Abe, Ilda; Lopes, Stephani C. P. S.; Camargo, Elisa S.; Kalinowski, Hypolito J.

    2014-05-01

    The aim of the study is to develop a new punctual method to determine the human bite force, between uppers and lowers first molars, at the moment of occlusion in maximum intercuspation. Fibre optic Bragg gratings are encapsulated in an acetate splint made by casting of a volunteer lower dentition. Splint sensor was positioned into the mouth to be pressured with minimal occlusal interference. The transversal pressure on the FBG was acquired at the moment of before occlusion (free), occlusion and biting. The measured forces were 12N during occlusion and 28N bite force, between right uppers and lowers first molars.

  13. Simulation of High-Speed Cavity Flows in a Scramjet Engine by the Space-Time CESE Method

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    considered here share a common flow velocity u. Let the total specific energy def U 2 E = e+- (2.33) 2 11 Letd),, i = 1,2,..., N, be the net mass of...x and the y directions, respectively; p is the static pressure; e = E + ½ (u2 + v2) is the specific total energy with E as the specific internal...p.u. 2, and the total energy by p.uCOc2 . The subscript 0o denotes the free stream condition. The cavity depth d is used as the length scale, and the

  14. Improving an estimate of the convergence rate of the seidel method by selecting the optimal order of equations in the system of linear algebraic equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borzykh, A. N.

    2017-01-01

    The Seidel method for solving a system of linear algebraic equations and an estimate of its convergence rate are considered. It is proposed to change the order of equations. It is shown that the method described in Faddeevs' book Computational Methods of Linear Algebra can deteriorate the convergence rate estimate rather than improve it. An algorithm for establishing the optimal order of equations is proposed, and its validity is proved. It is shown that the computational complexity of the reordering is 2 n 2 additions and (12) n 2 divisions. Numerical results for random matrices of order 100 are presented that confirm the proposed improvement.

  15. Operations Resources Management Career Ladder AFSC 271X2.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-02-01

    Flight Maintenance Dispatcher Subcluster (GRP293, N= O ) I_ K -u o . -w f 30 r -l ~ ~ - .. . - --- __ _ FIGURE 1 AFSC 271X2 CAREER LADDER STRUCTURE...DAFSC 27172 AND 27192AP PER SON NE L (PERCENT MEMBERS PERFORMING) DAFSC DAFSC 27152 27172 TASKS (N=b12) (N=65) DIFFERENCE K F156 PREPARE AND MAINTAIN...UNCLASSIFIED F/ O 5/9 NL Ehhhhhhhmmmu mmmmhmhhu smmhhhhhmmhsm IL 11-m1 1 5 11.4~ MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART -’wAf 4UPCIir OF T4%(OR~4I 3 UNITED STATES AIR

  16. catena-Poly[[[N-(4-amino-1,6-dihydro-1-methyl-5-nitroso-6-oxopyrimidin-2-yl)-(S)-glutamato]hexaaquabarium]-mu-N-(4-amino-1,6-dihydro-1-methyl-5-nitroso-6-oxopyrimidin-2-yl)-(S)-glutamato]: coordination polymer chains linked into a three-dimensional framework by N-H...O and O-H...O hydrogen bonds.

    PubMed

    López Garzón, Rafael; López León, M Dolores; Low, John N; Glidewell, Christopher

    2005-05-01

    In the title complex, [Ba(C10H12N5O6)2(H2O)6]n, the Ba atom is nine-coordinated by six water ligands and three carboxylate O atoms. The Ba2+ cations and the anionic glutamate ligands form coordination polymer chains, and these chains are linked by pairs of N-H...O hydrogen bonds and pairs of O-H...O hydrogen bonds to form a continuous three-dimensional framework of cations and anions, which is reinforced by hydrogen bonds involving the water molecules.

  17. Transverse and longitudinal beam dynamics studies at the Fermilab photoinjector

    SciTech Connect

    Carneiro, J.P.; Barov, N.; Edwards, H.; Fitch, M.; Hartung, W.; Flottmann, K.; Schreiber, S.; Ferrario, M.; /Frascati

    2005-01-01

    The Fermilab photoinjector produces electron bunches of 1-12 nC charge with an energy of 16-18 MeV. Detailed measurements and optimization of the transverse emittance have been carried out for a number of beam line optics conditions, and at a number of beam line locations. The length of the bunches has also been measured, first for an uncompressed beam (as a function of the charge) and then for a compressed beam of 8 nC charge (as a function of the 9-cell cavity phase). These measurements are presented and compared with the simulation codes HOMDYN and ASTRA.

  18. Lectures on Non-Abelian Bosonization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tsvelik, A. M.

    The following sections are included: * Introduction * Kac-Moody algebra * Conformal embedding. Sugawara Hamiltonian * SU(N)×SU(M) model * From the fermionic to WZNW model * The perturbed SUk(2) WZNW model * Correlation functions and Quasi Long Range order * Generalization from SU(2) to SU(N) * A model with Sp(2N) symmetry * Solution for the special case gcdw = gsc * Attraction in the orbital channel. Competing orders. Emergent integrability. ZN parafermions. * Parafermion zero modes * Conclusions and Acknowledgements * Appendix A. TBA equations for the Sp1(2N) model * Appendix B. Bosonization of of Z4 parafermions * References

  19. New Imaging Strategies for Prostate Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-10-01

    with different concentrations of ligands in the presence of 12 nM N-[N-[(S)-1,3-dicarboxypropyl]carbamoyl]-S-[3H]-methyl-L-cysteine in a total volume...mL of EcoLumeTM cocktail (MP Biomedicals) was added, and radioactivity was counted by scintillation counter. The concentration required to inhibit 50...binding assay using tritium labeled S-methylated derivative of 1 (3H-ZJ24) (Figure 1) as the radioligand to examine the ability of the novel

  20. Fiber-feedback optical parametric oscillator for half-harmonic generation of sub-100-fs frequency combs around 2 μm.

    PubMed

    Ingold, Kirk A; Marandi, Alireza; Digonnet, Michel J F; Byer, Robert L

    2015-09-15

    We demonstrate a femtosecond fiber-feedback optical parametric oscillator (OPO) at degeneracy. The OPO cavity comprises an 80-cm-long fiber composed of a combination of normal and anomalous dispersion sections that provide a net intracavity group delay dispersion close to zero. By using a mode-locked, Yb-doped fiber laser as the pump, we achieved half-harmonic generation of 250-MHz, 1.2-nJ nearly transform-limited 97-fs pulses centered at 2090 nm with a total conversion efficiency of 36%.

  1. Material properties of the plantar aponeurosis.

    PubMed

    Kitaoka, H B; Luo, Z P; Growney, E S; Berglund, L J; An, K N

    1994-10-01

    Material properties of the plantar aponeurosis were determined by a two-dimensional video tracking method to simultaneously measure the aponeurosis deformation. Failure loads averaged 1189 +/- 244 N and were higher in men. Average stiffness of the intact fascia was 203.7 +/- 50.5 N/mm at a loading rate of 11.12 N/sec and it did not vary significantly for the loading rates of 11.12 to 1112 N/sec. The high tensile loads required for failure were consistent with clinical and biomechanical studies and indicated the importance of the aponeurosis in foot function and arch stability.

  2. Stochastic Dynamics and Bifurcation Behavior of Nonlinear Nonconservative Systems in the Presence of Noise

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-08-31

    diagonalizable matrix A satisfy 5 Xi i k for j = 1,2,...,n, Ik ki = >k 2 (2) 1 where k is an integer vector k = (k1 , ,..., kn) with k1 > 0. Furthermore...stochastic systems and secondly, to demonstrate the relationship between stochastic averaging and normal form theory for non- nilpotent systems. To this...for large k. Furthermore, since the matrix A is diagonal, the image of LA, Im(LA), and its null space, ker (LA), span the whole space. Consequently, in

  3. THE STRUCTURE OF THE PHYCOBILINS

    DTIC Science & Technology

    phycoerythrin, and of C- phycocyanin were performed. All three are characterised by a high percentage of dibasic and of hydrophobic amino acids. R-, B- and C...derivatives prepared. It was shown that 12N HCl is required to liberate the native prosthetic group of C- phycocyanin . Two other closely related...pigments were isolated from this biliprotein and their physical and chemical properties studied. R- phycocyanin was shown to be a homogeneous chromoprotein containing subunits characteristic of phycoerythrin and of C- phycocyanin . (Author)

  4. Characteristics in Sliding Motions of Small Organelles in a Nitella Internodal Cell

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uchida, Go; Nemoto, Tomomi; Tsuchiya, Yoshimi

    1995-12-01

    Steady velocities of small organelles smoothly moving on chloroplasts in a Nitella internodal cell have been investigated at various temperatures. It has been found that variance in the velocities of the organelles changes in proportion to their average velocity, which has been first elucidated from the temperature dependence of the organelle's velocity. This result suggests that the generation process of the force due to the actin-myosin is a Poisson like stochastic one. Thus, we have discussed a stochastic model for the motion of the organelle with many myosin-like molecules and estimated the force to be 4.2×10-12 N.

  5. [The role of surgery in the treatment of small cell lung cancer].

    PubMed

    Puma, F; Urbani, M; Santoprete, S; Ricci, F; Sanguinetti, A; Vinci, D; Ottavi, P; Porcaro, G; Daddi, G

    2001-12-01

    Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a biologically aggressive tumor with a low long-term survival rate. SCLC is highly responsive to chemotherapy and surgery has a very limited role in its treatment because the disease is usually widely disseminated at the diagnosis. Good results from surgery have been reported in the small subgroup of T1-2 N0 M0 patients. In N1 peripheral SCLC, surgery in combination with other treatments, can obtain fair results. Surgical treatment does not influence the prognosis in SCLC as stage III and IV.

  6. tert-Butyl­aminium 2-carb­oxy-4,5-dichloro­benzoate

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Graham; Wermuth, Urs D.

    2011-01-01

    In the structure of the title anhydrous salt, C4H12N+·C8H3Cl2O4 −, the 4,5-dichloro­phthalate monoanions have the common ‘planar’ conformation with the carboxyl groups close to coplanar with the benzene ring and with a short intra­molecular carb­oxy­lic acid O—H⋯O hydrogen bond. In the crystal, a two-dimensional sheet structure is formed through aminium N—H⋯Ocarbox­yl hydrogen-bonding associations. PMID:22064684

  7. Dichlorido(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazole)[(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)(o-tol­yl)methanone]palladium(II)

    PubMed Central

    Nelana, Simphiwe M.; Kruger, Gert J.; Darkwa, James

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, [PdCl2(C5H8N2)(C12H12N2O)], the Pd atom adopts a slightly distorted trans-PdCl2N2 square-planar arrangement. The different Pd—N bond lengths can be related to the the electron-withdrawing effect of the o-toluoyl group on the substituted pyrazole ligand. The complex crystallizes as centrosymmetric hydrogen-bonded dimers through N—H⋯Cl linkages. PMID:21200554

  8. Low-energy theorems for pion photoproduction from nuclei and pion-nucleus coupling constants

    SciTech Connect

    Radutskii, G.M.; Serdyutskii, V.A.

    1982-10-01

    New low-energy theorems for pion photoproduction in light nuclei are derived using a model that allows one to extract all the information contained in the current algebra and the CVC and PCAC hypotheses. From the comparison with the experimental total cross sections for threshold photoproduction of charged pions on the nuclei /sup 6/Li, /sup 12/C, and /sup 14/N, the values of the pion-nucleus coupling constants are obtained and the magnitude of the electric quadrupole moment of the /sup 12/N nucleus is predicted.

  9. N-(4-Methyl-phen-yl)-2-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Chaithanya, U; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-09-01

    In the crystal of the title compound, C(13)H(12)N(2)O(4)S, the conformation of the N-H bond in the -SO(2)-NH- segment is syn to the ortho-nitro group in the sulfonyl benzene ring. The mol-ecule is twisted at the S-N bond with a torsion angle of 76.55 (18)°. The dihedral angle between the planes of the rings is 72.64 (8)°. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked by pairs of N-H⋯O(S) hydrogen bonds to form inversion dimers.

  10. N-(4-Methyl-benzo-yl)-4-nitro-benzene-sulfonamide.

    PubMed

    Suchetan, P A; Foro, Sabine; Gowda, B Thimme

    2012-03-01

    In the title compound, C(14)H(12)N(2)O(5)S, the dihedral angle between the nitro-phenyl group and the -S-NH-C-O fragment is 80.74 (17)° and that between the nitro-phenyl and methyl-phenyl groups is 87.66 (14)°. The C-S-N-C torsion angle at the S-N bond is -67.0 (3)°. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked into C(4) chains via N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds.

  11. 4-Benzoyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,4-benzoxazine-2-carbonitrile: refinement using a multipolar atom model.

    PubMed

    Ejsmont, Krzysztof; Joly, Jean Pierre; Wenger, Emmanuel; Guillot, Benoit; Jelsch, Christian

    2009-07-01

    The structural model for the title compound, C(16)H(12)N(2)O(2), was refined using a multipolar atom model transferred from an experimental electron-density database. The refinement showed some improvements of crystallographic statistical indices when compared with a conventional spherical neutral-atom refinement. The title compound adopts a half-chair conformation. The amide N atom lies almost in the plane defined by the three neighbouring C atoms. In the crystal structure, molecules are linked by weak intermolecular C-H...O and C-H...pi hydrogen bonds.

  12. Ethane-1,2-diyl bis­(pyridine-3-car­box­ylate)

    PubMed Central

    Brito, Iván; Vallejos, Javier; López-Rodríguez, Matías; Cárdenas, Alejandro

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, C14H12N2O4, has twofold imposed crystallographic symmetry in the solid state. The asymmetric unit contains one half-mol­ecule. An intra­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bond is formed between the carboxyl­ate O group and one H atom of the aromatic ring such that a five-membered ring is formed. The angle between the planes of symmetry-related aromatic rings is 44.71 (19)°. PMID:21580003

  13. Crystal structure of 6-hy-droxy-5-(2-meth-oxy-phenoxy)-2,2'-bipyrimidin-4(3H)-one.

    PubMed

    Sagar, Belakavadi K; Yathirajan, Hemmige S; Jasinski, Jerry P; Glidewell, Christopher

    2016-07-01

    In the title compound, C15H12N4O4, the dihedral angle between the heterocyclic rings is 12.60 (8)°, and that between the benzene ring and the adjacent heterocyclic ring is 85.14 (6)°. In the crystal, a combination of N-H⋯O and O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link mol-ecules related by a glide plane into a C(5) C(6)[R (2) 2(9)] chain of rings, which is a distinctly different packing motif to those observed in hydrated modifications of this compound.

  14. Crystal structure of di­ethyl­ammonium aniline-4-sulfonate anilinium-4-sulfonate

    PubMed Central

    Toure, Assane; Diop, Libasse; Diop, Cheikh Abdoul Khadir; Oliver, Allen G.

    2016-01-01

    The title compound, C4H12N+·C6H6NO3S−·C6H7NO3S, consists of an ion pair and a zwitterionic neutral mol­ecule. The cation adopts an extended conformation [C—C—N—C torsion angles = 177.1 (3) and −178.4 (3)°]. In the crystal, the components are linked by N—H⋯O and N—H⋯N hydrogen bonds, generating a three-dimensional network, which is consolidated by weak C—H⋯O inter­actions. PMID:27980842

  15. Selected Topics in Experimental Statistics with Army Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    Failure of Thermal Batteries 9-9 10-1 Plot of Typical Residual and Striking Velocities for a Penetrator Against Armor 10-4 10-2 Linear... fatigue test specimens to examine closely on a metallurgical basis, as an example, the 10% or perhaps even the 25% probability level might be selected...1 ,N» C180 WRnEtft.20’.0)MP3, H13 ,N23,N33,Hl,N12,N32,M3,Nll,N2l,N3l,HPl,MDP ClRl WRIIE(6.10301

  16. Burning Rates of Standard Army Propellants in Strand Burner and Closed Chamber Tests

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-08-01

    National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22151. "I !I ea 4 I I.( I I The findings in this report are...once initiated, goes forward rapidly--in common parlance, the powder burns." The National Defense Research Committee published in 1946 a summary of their...8217o~ N 4; u4 - as Ncc .. .00 0. CA WN w N. CLgoa N12N. Table II. Burning Rate Results for BRL Extruded Standard Propellants (Rates in./s) Prope I lant

  17. Studies of 12C Using β-DECAYS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hyldegaard, S.; Fynbo, H. O. U.; Riisager, K.; Brandenburg, S.; Dendooven, P.; Jungmann, K.; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Rogachevskiy, A.; Sohani, M.; Traykov, E.; Wilschut, H. W.; Büscher, J.; Huyse, M.; Raabe, R.; Alcorta, M.; Borge, M. J. G.; Madurga, M.; Tengblad, O.; Diget, C. A. A.; Fulton, B. R.; Jokinen, A. S.; Perajärvi, K.; Saastamoinen, A.; Äystö, J.; Jonson, B.; Nyman, G.

    The nuclear structure of states in 12C have been a subject of interest for both theory and experiment since the early days of nuclear physics. Many open questions remain, especially concerning the existence and properties of 0+ and 2+ states in the triple alpha continuum. A series of experiments have been performed using β-decay of 12N and 12B to probe these states. The latest experiment was performed at KVI using an implantation method, measuring the sum energy of the three α-particles directly. Preliminary results from this experiment will be presented.

  18. Clarification of the Three-Body Decay of 12C (12.71MeV)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fynbo, H. O.; Prezado, Y.; Bergmann, U. C.; Borge, M. J.; Dendooven, P.; Huang, W. X.; Huikari, J.; Jeppesen, H.; Jones, P.; Jonson, B.; Meister, M.; Nyman, G.; Riisager, K.; Tengblad, O.; Vogelius, I. S.; Wang, Y.; Weissman, L.; Rolander, K. Wilhelmsen; Äystö, J.

    2003-08-01

    Using β decays of a clean source of 12N produced at the IGISOL facility, we have measured the breakup of the 12C (12.71MeV) state into three α particles with a segmented particle detector setup. The high quality of the data permits solving the question of the breakup mechanism of the 12.71MeV state, a longstanding problem in few-body nuclear physics. Among existing models, a modified sequential model fits the data best, but systematic deviations indicate that a three-body description is needed.

  19. Crystal structure of 6-hy­droxy-5-(2-meth­oxy­phenoxy)-2,2′-bipyrimidin-4(3H)-one

    PubMed Central

    Sagar, Belakavadi K.; Yathirajan, Hemmige S.; Jasinski, Jerry P.; Glidewell, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    In the title compound, C15H12N4O4, the dihedral angle between the heterocyclic rings is 12.60 (8)°, and that between the benzene ring and the adjacent heterocyclic ring is 85.14 (6)°. In the crystal, a combination of N—H⋯O and O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link mol­ecules related by a glide plane into a C(5) C(6)[R 2 2(9)] chain of rings, which is a distinctly different packing motif to those observed in hydrated modifications of this compound. PMID:27555942

  20. Automated Radiofrequency Radiation Dosimetry

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    1/2) = CAz (i,j, k + 1/2) Ez (i,j, k + 1/2) + 2 n1k + 1/2) H n+l/2 1/2 k+ 1/2) CBij, + H n+ 1/2 (i, j 1/2, k + 1/2) n+1/2 (i, j + 1/2, k + 1/2) 1/2... Ir . .... I .. ........ . ! . ... A... 1 -0.02 0.03 0.08 0.13 0.18 0.23 y(m) b. yz plane at x = 2.625 cm Figure 5. Comparison of the E-fields

  1. Index to the Field Artillery Journal, Author and Subject Index, January 1977 - December 1981. Volumes 45-49

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    FA 48:3,4 N-D 󈨔 ARCHIVES USAFAS Archives Program Needs input. Feature 48:22 My-Je 󈨔 ARCTIC Arctic Artillery. Rick Hayeland SG USA 46:72-75 My-Je...the Soviet Soldier. 47:8-12 N-D 󈨓 DECONTAMINATION, NUCLEAR Decontaminate and Survive. Kenneth A. Riordan CPT INF 46:58,59 Mr-Ap 󈨒 DEFENSES...Artillery. Feature 46:41 Jil-Ag 󈨒 HAYLELAND, RICK Arctic Artillery. 46:72-75 My-Je 󈨒 HEARING LOSS The Medical Effects of Blast Overpressure. Leslie B

  2. Coherence of Transients

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    8217-= S", ((0) S," (0)0.1S. (W) S_’ ( Zoo )(1.) Where s 3(o) is the cross power spectrum between the signals x(t) and y(t), and S,.(!) and Sy(€o) are the auto...to 12n9 ±th 128 porn -ls 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.20.04 SU Normal ized Frequency Fig. R.225.1 :SMC estimation, assumed model order = 1Idata length 128

  3. Absolute cross-section measurements for ionization of He Rydberg atoms in collisions with K

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, F.; Renwick, S.; Martínez, H.; Morgan, T. J.

    1995-11-01

    Absolute cross sections for ionization of 1.5-10.0 keV/amu Rydberg helium atoms in principal quantum states 12<=n<=15 due to collisions with potassium have been measured. The data are compared with the free-electron cross section at equal velocity. Our results for the collisional ionization cross sections (σi) agree both in shape and absolute magnitude with the data available for the total electron-scattering cross sections (σe) and support recent theoretical models for ionization of Rydberg atoms with neutral perturbers.

  4. The use of an area-detector X-ray diffractometer in the Rietveld method

    SciTech Connect

    Sulyanov, S.N.; Burenkov, G.P.; Kheiker, D.M.

    1995-03-01

    The intensity-diffraction angle dependence for an N-(4-nitrophenyl)-4-aminobutyric acid polycrystal [BANP, C{sub 10}H{sub 12}N{sub 2}O{sub 4}, a = 5.414(1), b = 9.818(1), c = 20.031(1) {Angstrom}, Z = 4, sp. gr. P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}] was obtained using an area-detector diffractometer in the transmission geometry. Data on the structure, computed by the Rietveld method, are compared with single-crystal data. 12 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  5. rac-1-Acetyl-5-benzyl-2-thioxoimidazolidin-4-one

    PubMed Central

    Uzcátegui, Mary C.; Delgado, Gerzon E.; Mora, Asiloé J.; González, Teresa; Briceño, Alexander

    2009-01-01

    In the title compound, C12H12N2O2S, the mol­ecules have a wing-like conformation, with a distance of 3.797 (2) Å between the centroids of the five- and six-membered rings. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked by N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming infinite one-dimensional zigzag chains, running along [001], with a C(4) graph-set motif. PMID:21581567

  6. Bis(piperazine-1,4-diium) hexa-chlorido-bismuthate(III) chloride monohydrate.

    PubMed

    Gao, Yu-Hua; Liu, Xiao-Jia; Sun, Lei; Le, Wen-Jun

    2011-12-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, (C(4)H(12)N(2))(2)[BiCl(6)]Cl·H(2)O, consists of piperazinediium cations, [BiCl(6)](3-) anions, Cl(-) anions and uncoordinated water mol-ecules. The Bi(III) cation is coordinated by six Cl(-) anions in a slightly distorted octa-hedral geometry. The diprotonated piperazine ring adopts a chair conformation. In the crystal, extensive inter-molecular N-H⋯Cl, N-H⋯O and O-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds occur.

  7. Bis(piperazine-1,4-diium) hexa­chlorido­bismuthate(III) chloride monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Yu-Hua; Liu, Xiao-Jia; Sun, Lei; Le, Wen-Jun

    2011-01-01

    The crystal structure of the title compound, (C4H12N2)2[BiCl6]Cl·H2O, consists of piperazinediium cations, [BiCl6]3− anions, Cl− anions and uncoordinated water mol­ecules. The BiIII cation is coordinated by six Cl− anions in a slightly distorted octa­hedral geometry. The diprotonated piperazine ring adopts a chair conformation. In the crystal, extensive inter­molecular N—H⋯Cl, N—H⋯O and O—H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds occur. PMID:22199505

  8. Study of N2 CARS spectra of a coal-fired flow facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Jagdish P.; Yueh, Fang-Yu

    1993-07-01

    A comparative study of N2 CARS spectra was performed at a coal-fired flow facility diffuser and aerodynamic duct. Spectra recorded at the diffuser have atypical feature near V = 1-2 N2 CARS vibrational transition. Atypical feature intensity decreases in the aerodynamic duct spectra. N2 CARS spectra at the aerodynamic duct show the laser-produced C2 absorption around the fundamental band. The CARS inferred temperature at the diffuser is estimated to be +/- 100 K where as at the aerodynamic duct it is +/- 250 K. The error in the inferred temperature with different interference in the CARS spectrum was also studied.

  9. Evaluation of JPL Version-5.9.12 Temperature Profiles, Ocean Skin Temperature, Surface Emissivity, and Cloud Cleared Radiances

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Susskind, Joel; Blaisdell, John; Iredell, Lena

    2011-01-01

    Slide presentation discusses: (1) Modifications to JPL 5.9.12 compared to V5.9.1, (2) Some results showing that V5.9.12 O, with original water vapor sounding channels, is preferable to V5.9.12 N with Antonia Gambacorta s new water vapor channels. (3) Comparison of V5.9.12, V5.9.12 AO, V5.9.1, and V5.0, (4) Accuracy and yield of channel by channel Quality Controlled clear-column radiances R(sub i) and (5) Plans for Version-7.

  10. Interplay between lattice, orbital, and magnetic degrees of freedom in the chain-polymer Cu(II) breathing crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Streltsov, S. V.; Petrova, M. V.; Morozov, V. A.; Romanenko, G. V.; Anisimov, V. I.; Lukzen, N. N.

    2013-01-01

    The chain-polymer Cu(II) “breathing crystals” C21H19CuF12N4O6 were studied using the x-ray diffraction and ab initio band structure calculations. We show that the crystal structure modification at T=146 K, associated with the spin crossover transition, induces the changes of the orbital order in half of the Cu sites. This in turn results in the switch of the magnetic interaction sign in accordance with the Goodenough-Kanamori-Andersen theory of the coupling between the orbital and spin degrees of freedom.

  11. Adiabatic Computation of Internal Blast from Aluminum-Cased Charges in Air.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    relation K = K (V/RT) An (6)p n where Aln is the change in number of moles of gas for the synthesis reaction . Then for any species the mole number is...point, to an increasing extent, A12 0 3 () is being converted to A12 0(g) by the endothermic (energy-absorbing) reaction AI2.0 3 (l) + 4 Al - 3 AI20(g...effect. 1. Simple production of aluminum nitride: AI(l) + 1/2N,(g) -AIN(s) The reaction is strongly exothermic (though less so than the production of

  12. Methyl 2-[(E)-3-hydr­oxy-4-methoxy­benzyl­idene]hydrazinecarboxyl­ate

    PubMed Central

    Lv, Lu-Ping; Yu, Tie-Ming; Yu, Wen-Bo; Li, Wei-Wei; Hu, Xian-Chao

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C10H12N2O4, adopts a trans configuration with respect to the C=N bond. The hydrazinecarboxyl­ate group is twisted from the benzene ring by 6.62 (5)° and an intramolecular O—H⋯O hydrogen bond occurs. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked into a two-dimensional network parallel to (100) by O—H⋯O, N—H⋯O and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. In addition, weak C—H⋯π inter­actions are observed. PMID:21583232

  13. Synthesis, Characterization, and Modification of Poly(Organophosphazenes), that Bear Both 2,2,2-Trifluoroethoxy and Phenoxy Groups

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-05-18

    organophosphazenes) that Bear Both 2,2,2-Trifluoro- ethoxy and Phenoxy Groups N00014-91-J-1194 6. AUTHOR(S) Harry R. Allcock and Younq Baek Kim 7. PERFORMING...that bear varying ratios of phenoxy and 2,2,2- trifluoroethoxy groups have been synthesized by the reactions of (NPC12)n with sodium phenoxide, PhO...4132007 Technical Report No. 12 Synthesis, Characterization, and Modification of Poly(organophosphazenes) that Bear Both 2,2,2-Trifluoroethoxy and

  14. Research on Novel High-Power Microwave/Millimeter Wave Sources and Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-28

    Y. Lau, and N. Jordan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 164105 2006. 12N. P. Venediktov, M. Yu . Glyavin, A. L. Goldenberg, V . E. Zapevalov, A. N. Kuftin, and...A. S. Postnikova, Tech. Phys. 45, 476 2000 translated from Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 70, 95 2000. 13M. Yu . Glyavin, A. L. Goldenberg, A. N. Kuftin, V . K...4760 (1998). 13. G. G. Denisov , V . L. Bratman, A. W. Gross, W. He, A. D. R. Phelps, K. Ronald, S. V . Samsonov, and C. G. Whyte, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81

  15. Time-Reversal Based Range Extension Technique for Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Sensors and Applications in Tactical Communications and Networking

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-16

    to Department of Defense, Washington Headquarters Services , Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis...frequency synthesizer, the product available on market can support a large frequency range with a very fast switching speed. But most of such wideband...6.31) 02f(p) i eie s Ifi 4 j, i = 1, 2,... ,N,j = 1,2_. N., then 7p ,-ap is derived as,I p, S 2 f (p) = ff Td(f) (6.32) D OPP Jfo det2 (E(f))log2 df

  16. Long Cycle Life Secondary Lithium Cells Utilizing Tetrahydrofuran.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-04-01

    11D-Ri49 762 LONG CYCLE LIFE SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS UTILIZING 1/1 TETRRHYDROFURAN(U) EIC LABS INC NORWOOD MR K M ABRAHAM ET AL. APR 84 TR-12 N80914...Contract No. N00014-77-C-0155 TECHNICAL REPORT NO. 12 I LONG CYCLE LIFE SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS UTILIZING TETRAHYDROFURAN By K. M. Abraham J. S. Foos...CONTRACT OF GRANT NUMBER(s) K. 14. Abraham , j. S. Foos and J. L. Goldman N00014-77-C-0155 9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10PRAM ELEORMNT

  17. Tetra-μ3-iodido-tetra­kis­{[ethyl 2-(1H-benzimidazol-1-yl)acetate-κN 3]copper(I)}

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Lili; Zhang, Zhengyi

    2012-01-01

    The complex mol­ecule of the tetra­nuclear cubane-type title compound, [Cu4I4(C11H12N2O2)4], has crystallographically imposed fourfold inversion symmetry. The CuI ions are coordinated in a distorted tetra­hedral geometry by an N atom of a benzimidazole ring system and three μ3-iodide ions, forming a Cu4I4 core. In the crystal, complex mol­ecules are connected into a three-dimensional network by C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds involving H and O atoms of adjacent eth­oxy­carbonyl groups. PMID:22719345

  18. Inferential Processing among Adequate and Struggling Adolescent Comprehenders and Relations to Reading Comprehension

    PubMed Central

    Barth, Amy E.; Barnes, Marcia; Francis, David J.; Vaughn, Sharon; York, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Separate mixed model analyses of variance (ANOVA) were conducted to examine the effect of textual distance on the accuracy and speed of text consistency judgments among adequate and struggling comprehenders across grades 6–12 (n = 1203). Multiple regressions examined whether accuracy in text consistency judgments uniquely accounted for variance in comprehension. Results suggest that there is considerable growth across the middle and high school years, particularly for adequate comprehenders in those text integration processes that maintain local coherence. Accuracy in text consistency judgments accounted for significant unique variance for passage-level, but not sentence-level comprehension, particularly for adequate comprehenders. PMID:26166946

  19. Synthesis and biological evaluation of pyrimidine derivatives with diverse azabicyclic ether/amine as novel GPR119 agonist.

    PubMed

    Yang, Zunhua; Fang, Yuanying; Park, Haeil

    2017-04-02

    A class of novel pyrimidine derivatives bearing diverse conformationally restricted azabicyclic ether/amine were designed, synthesized and evaluated for their GPR119 agonist activities against type 2 diabetes. Most compounds exhibited superior hEC50 values to endogenous lipid oleoylethanolamide (OEA). Analogs with 2-fluoro substitution in the aryl ring showed more potent GPR119 activation than those without fluorine. Especially compound 27m synthesized from endo-azabicyclic alcohol was observed to have the best EC50 value (1.2nM) and quite good agonistic activity (112.2% max) as a full agonist.

  20. A sodalite-type porous metal-organic framework with polyoxometalate templates: adsorption and decomposition of dimethyl methylphosphonate.

    PubMed

    Ma, Feng-Ji; Liu, Shu-Xia; Sun, Chun-Yan; Liang, Da-Dong; Ren, Guo-Jian; Wei, Feng; Chen, Ya-Guang; Su, Zhong-Min

    2011-03-30

    A sodalite-type porous metal-organic framework with polyoxometalate templates, H(3)[(Cu(4)Cl)(3)(BTC)(8)](2)[PW(12)O(40)]·(C(4)H(12)N)(6)·3H(2)O (NENU-11; BTC = 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate), was obtained by a hydrothermal reaction. As a reasonable candidate for eliminating nerve gas, NENU-11 displays good adsorption behavior for dimethyl methylphosphonate (15.5 molecules per formula unit). In virtue of the catalytic activity of polyoxometalate guests, this nerve gas mimic could be facilely decomposed by a hydrolysis reaction.

  1. A Spares Stockage Algorithm for Low-Density Equipment.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-09-01

    eq 4) and (eq 7), the OR rate becomes (Ref 6:12): n 5.1 OR = E P(ri1XiTi) (Eq 8) i=l r.0 1 Cannibalization is the process of consolidating backorders...on the smallest possible number of 13 end-items (Ref 21:107). When cannibalization is allowed, an NMCS aircraft becomes an additional source of spares...The OR rate, with k NMCS aircraft available for cannibalization , becomes (Ref 6:13): s. + (k.QPA)n i OR = f ! p(rilY iTi) (Eq 9) i=l r .=0 1 The OR rate

  2. Tris[4,4′-(ethene-1,2-di­yl)dipyridinium] deca­vanadate dihydrate

    PubMed Central

    Fernandez de Luis, Roberto; Urtiaga, M. Karmele; Mesa, José Luis; Arriortua, María I.

    2010-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, (C12H12N2)3[V10O28]·2H2O, contains one half of a deca­vanadate anion, one and a half trans-1,2-bis­(4-pyridinio)ethene cations and one water mol­ecule. The V10O28 groups are involved in a three-dimensional hydrogen-bonding network through Ow—H⋯O, N—H⋯O and C—H⋯O inter­actions. PMID:21580261

  3. Crystal structure of tris-(piperidinium) hydrogen sulfate sulfate.

    PubMed

    Lukianova, Tamara J; Kinzhybalo, Vasyl; Pietraszko, Adam

    2015-12-01

    In the title molecular salt, 3C5H12N(+)·HSO4 (-)·SO4 (2-), each cation adopts a chair conformation. In the crystal, the hydrogen sulfate ion is connected to the sulfate ion by a strong O-H⋯O hydrogen bond. The packing also features a number of N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, which lead to a three-dimensional network structure. The hydrogen sulfate anion accepts four hydrogen bonds from two cations, whereas the sulfate ion, as an acceptor, binds to five separate piperidinium cations, forming seven hydrogen bonds.

  4. Measurement of Cl2 Concentration in a XeCl Hollow Cathode Discharge Including the Effect of H2 Addition.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-12-01

    7AD-AO94 GO0. AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH SCHOO-ETC F/6 7/4 MEASURmEMENT OF CL2 CONCENTRATION I A XECL HOLLOW CATHODE DISCH--ETC(U...CONCENTRATION IN A XeCl HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGE INCLUDING THE EFFECT OF H’ ADDITION. 9 7THESIS AFIT/GEP/PH Jerry-’. : egarden 80-12 n UAF DTIC...S.lELECTED B Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. AFIT/GEP/PH/80-12 MEASUREMENT OF C12 CONCENTRATION IN A XeCl HOLLOW CATHODE DISCHARGE

  5. Properties of Tuffs, Grout and Other Materials.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1982-01-01

    812a UNIAXIAL STRAIN LI .17!4G-.TF + LIM LI= ILL LIU (Z L I- Irn In COW.PRESS.. KB (E*91) Fiqure B12b 53 - - . oil UNIAXIAL STRAIN U12N. 14UG-1. TUFF L6M...AXIAL Figure C43 TRIAXIAL COMPRESSION 0.069 KBAR CONFINING PRESSURE DNA 2C4 GROUT SAMPLE 1-22 UNDRAINED -0.4 Z -0. 1.0 0.1 0 0.s 1!0 TRANSVERSE $TRAIN

  6. 1,3-Bis(prop-2-yn-1-yl)-1H-anthra[1,2-d]imidazole-2,6,11(3H)-trione

    PubMed Central

    Afrakssou, Zahra; Haoudi, Amal; Capet, Frédéric; Mazzah, Ahmed; Rolando, Christian; El Ammari, Lahcen

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C21H12N2O3, the fused-ring system is roughly planar, the largest deviation from the mean plane being 0.084 (2) Å. The two prop-2-yn-1-yl groups are almost perpendicular to the fused ring plane, making C—C—N—C torsion angles of −103.4 (2) and −105.3 (2)°, and point in opposite directions with respect to the plane. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked by weak C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:23795107

  7. Bis(acetato-κ2 O,O′)(4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine-κ2 N,N′)copper(II) monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Kaewthong, Aphiwat; Sukwattanasinitt, Mongkol; Muangsin, Nongnuj

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, [Cu(C2H3O2)2(C12H12N2)2]·H2O, the CuII atom exhibits a distorted octa­hedral coordination geometry, defined by two N atoms from one 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine ligand and four O atoms from two acetate ligands. In the crystal, O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are observed between the coordinated carboxyl­ate O atoms and the solvent water mol­ecule. PMID:22719328

  8. Piperazine-1,4-diium (R)-2-[4-(1-car-boxy-l-atometh-oxy)phen-oxy]propano-ate.

    PubMed

    Ye, Han-Tao; Ren, Chang-Yue; Gao, Jin-Sheng

    2012-07-01

    In the anion of the title mol-ecular salt, C(4)H(12)N(2) (2+)·C(11)H(10)O(6) (2-), the two acetate groups form torsion angles of 74.1 (1) and 7.1 (1)° with the central benzene ring, and the cation exhibits a chair conformation. In the crystal, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the components into a two-dimensional supra-molecular network lying parallel to the ab plane. A number of C-H⋯O inter-actions consolidate the packing.

  9. Algorithms for computing the dynamical trajectories of flexible bodies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perram, John W.; Petersen, Henrik G.

    We extend equations of motion suitable for studying the dynamics of rigid bodies. The new equations of motion are suitable for studying the dynamics of flexible bodies, viewed as assemblies of rigid bodies constrained to rotate about internal axes. For a connected assembly of N rigid components, the dynamics is obtained from the solution of 12N + 6 coupled first order equations. If there are M independent connections between the components, each step involves the solution of a sparse 5M × 5M system of linear equations. For the case of a linear assembly (M = N - 1), the system of equations is block tridiagonal.

  10. Investigation of Crystalline Iron-Platinum Nickel and Amorphous Rare Earth-Iron Alloys for Permanent Magnets.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-26

    AppI . Phys. 52, 2549 (1981). 3. S. G. Cornelison, D. J. Sellmyer and G. Hadjipanayis, J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1823 (1981). li * . 4. G. Hadjipanayis, M. Sc...23, 3349 (1981). 9. A. E. Clark, AppI . Phys. Lett. 23, 642 (1973). 10. H. T. Savage, A. E. Clark, S. J. Pickart, J. J. Rhyne and H. A. Alperin, IEEE...Trans. Magn. MAG-lO, 807 (1974). S 11. J.J. Croat, IEEE Trans. Magn. MAG-18, 1442 (1982). 12. N. C. Koon and B. N. Das, Appi . Phys. Lett. 39, 840 (1981

  11. Solar Thermal System Engineering Guidebook.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-05-01

    03 IC E SS1/2 N imuuuuuufluuu mhmhohhEmhhEEE W1110 : 12.8 1J205 111 4 1 2.0 IlIIL25 JJJ _.4__H~ . MICROCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART -044 OgA Cv OF STADAS...34 Wria "A sevvios - az* all* h Add itional coppies my be purcesod trm.: National Technical luformeation Service 5265 PoTt 20701i good Springfield, Virginia...RED NSTRUCTIONS REPORT DOCUMENTATION BEFORE COMPLETING FORM I. REPORT NUMBER 2. GOVT ACCESSION NO. 3. RECIPIENT’S CATALOG NUMBER DEB-TR-82-03 .P- 4

  12. Zero Memory Detection of Random Signals in Phi-Mixing Noise.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-01-01

    even employment of the Pitman- Noether Theorem [6]. Note that fU ;il,2,...) is just ZI,SI,Z2,S2 .... Theorem 2: Suppose (t R with 0 - 0, and g e W.1 12 n...pp.33,184] and assumption (f) that Proof: Referring to the Pitman- Noether Theorem (6], 2 with (m,6) = (1, ) or (m,6) = (2,k), we note that E[T g...assumptions (b)-(b’) together with negative scaling 2 1. (4) of the threshold if necessary imply conditions A and no0 (g) B of the Pitman- Noether Theorem

  13. An Evaluation of the Coupled LVT Concept.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-11-01

    8217jV I C rr*p r, CL . f" co YO > ~~ U 41,k II *j ~ - 5 4 R-?Q8r (3T - JJ 1 >. ~f4 ~ 4 ........... -76-’ - .2.. SINGLE VEHICLE I/ COUPLED VEHICLE --7...GRA17I1O0 2 Ju 1 6 3 16 C2;) Peot No): L2-12n9 ll-1-Rev-Lt I,-U Mjn t tr) r, 113 InIrLJdcJ "e , ,son letter 0 dOated 10 Dec 68. See alIso AD-835 9.42L

  14. The free energy in a class of quantum spin systems and interchange processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Björnberg, J. E.

    2016-07-01

    We study a class of quantum spin systems in the mean-field setting of the complete graph. For spin S = 1/2, the model is the Heisenberg ferromagnet, and for general spin S ∈ 1/2 N, it has a probabilistic representation as a cycle-weighted interchange process. We determine the free energy and the critical temperature (recovering results by Tóth and by Penrose when S = 1/2). The critical temperature is shown to coincide (as a function of S) with that of the q = 2S + 1 state classical Potts model, and the phase transition is discontinuous when S ≥ 1.

  15. The fluid systems for the SLD Cherenkov ring imaging detector

    SciTech Connect

    Abe, K.; Hasegawa, K.; Hasegawa, Y.; Iwasaki, Y.; Suekane, F.; Yuta, H.; Antilogus, P.; Aston, D.; Bienz, T.; Bird, F.; Dasu, S.; Dolinsky, S.; Dunwoodie, W.; Hallewell, G.; Kawahara, H.; Kwon, Y.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; McCulloch, M.; McShurley, D.; Mueller, G.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Pavel, T.J.; Peterson, H.; Ratcliff, B.; Reif, R.; Rensing, P.; Schultz, D.; Shapiro, S.; Shaw, H.; Simopoulos, C.; Solodov, E.; Toge, N.; Vavra, J.; Watt, R.; Weber, T.; Williams, S.H.; Baird, K.; Jacques, P.; Kalelkar, M.; Plano, R.; Stamer, P.; Word, G.; Bean, A.; Caldwell, D.O.; Duboscq, J.; Huber, J.; Lu, A.; Mathys, L.; McHugh, S.; Yellin, S.; Ben-David, R.; Manly, S.; Snyder, J.; Turk, J.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Coyle, P.; Coyne, D.; Gagnon, P.; Liu, X.; Schneider, M.; Williams, D.A.; Coller, J.; Shank, J.T.; Whitaker, J.S.; d`Oliveira, A.; Johnson, R.A.; Martinez, J.; Nussbaum, M.; Santha, A.K.S.; Sokoloff, M.D.; Stockdale, I.; Wilson, R.J.

    1992-10-01

    We describe the design and operation of the fluid delivery, monitor and control systems for the SLD barrel Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector (CRID). The systems deliver drift gas (C{sub 2}H{sub 6} + TMAE), radiator gas (C{sub 5}F{sub 12} + N{sub 2}) and radiator liquid (C{sub 6}F{sub 14}). Measured critical quantities such as electron lifetime in the drift gas and ultra-violet (UV) transparencies of the radiator fluids, together with the operational experience, are also reported.

  16. The fluid systems for the SLD Cherenkov ring imaging detector. [01

    SciTech Connect

    Abe, K.; Hasegawa, K.; Hasegawa, Y.; Iwasaki, Y.; Suekane, F.; Yuta, H. . Dept. of Physics); Antilogus, P.; Aston, D.; Bienz, T.; Bird, F.; Dasu, S.; Dolinsky, S.; Dunwoodie, W.; Hallewell, G.; Kawahara, H.; Kwon, Y.; Leith, D.W.G.S.; McCulloch, M.; McShurley, D.; Mueller, G.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Pavel, T.J.; Peterson, H.; Ratcliff, B.; Reif, R.; Rensing, P.; Schultz, D.; Shapiro, S.; Shaw,

    1992-10-01

    We describe the design and operation of the fluid delivery, monitor and control systems for the SLD barrel Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector (CRID). The systems deliver drift gas (C[sub 2]H[sub 6] + TMAE), radiator gas (C[sub 5]F[sub 12] + N[sub 2]) and radiator liquid (C[sub 6]F[sub 14]). Measured critical quantities such as electron lifetime in the drift gas and ultra-violet (UV) transparencies of the radiator fluids, together with the operational experience, are also reported.

  17. A micropump controlled by EWOD: wetting line energy and velocity effects.

    PubMed

    Shabani, Roxana; Cho, Hyoung Jin

    2011-10-21

    A Laplace pressure gradient between a droplet and a liquid meniscus was utilized to create an on-demand constant flow rate capillary pump. Electrowetting on dielectric was implemented to induce the pressure gradient in the microchannel. For an initial droplet volume of 0.3 μL and a power of 12 nW a constant flow rate of 0.02 μL s(-1) was demonstrated. The effects of the wetting line energy on the static contact angle and the wetting line velocity on the dynamic contact angle in the pump operation were studied. Sample loading on-demand could be achieved by regulating an electric potential.

  18. Rainfall Prediction using Soil and Air Temperature in a Tropical Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chacko, Tessy P.; Renuka, G.

    2007-07-01

    An attempt is made to establish a linkage between soil and air temperature and south-west monsoon rainfall at Pillicode (12°12'N,75°10'E) a tropical station in north Kerala. The dependence of monsoon rainfall on pre-monsoon soil temperature decreases as the depth of the soil increases. A regression equation has been developed for the estimation of monsoon rainfall using pre-monsoon soil and air temperature. The results show that sub soil temperature along with air temperature can be used for forecasting the monsoon level.

  19. Discovery of novel 5-hydroxy-4-pyridone-3-carboxy acids as potent inhibitors of influenza Cap-dependent endonuclease.

    PubMed

    Miyagawa, Masayoshi; Akiyama, Toshiyuki; Mikamiyama-Iwata, Minako; Hattori, Kazunari; Kurihara, Naoko; Taoda, Yoshiyuki; Takahashi-Kageyama, Chika; Kurose, Noriyuki; Mikamiyama, Hidenori; Suzuki, Naoyuki; Takaya, Kenji; Tomita, Kenji; Matsuo, Kenji; Morimoto, Kenji; Yoshida, Ryu; Shishido, Takao; Yoshinaga, Tomokazu; Sato, Akihiko; Kawai, Makoto

    2016-10-01

    We report the discovery of a novel series of influenza Cap-dependent EndoNuclease (CEN) inhibitors based on the 4-pyridone-carboxylic acid (PYXA) scaffold, which were found from our chelate library. Our SAR research revealed the lipophilic domain to be the key to CEN inhibition. In particular, the position between the chelate and the lipophilic domain in the derivatives was essential for enhancing the potency. Our study, based on virtual modeling, led to the identification of 2y as a potent CEN inhibitor with an IC50 of 5.12nM.

  20. (3aRS,7aSR)-7a-Meth­oxy-2-oxo-2,3,3a,4,5,6,7,7a-octa­hydro-1-benzofuran-4,4-dicarbonitrile

    PubMed Central

    González, María; Martínez, Andrea; Rivadulla, Marcos L.; Covelo, Berta

    2012-01-01

    The racemic title compound, C11H12N2O3, contains a [4.3.0]bicyclic unit in which the shared C—C bond adopts a cis configuration. The five- and six-membered rings are in twisted envelope (with the bridgehead C atom bearing the methoxy substituent as the flap) and distorted chair conformations, respectively. In the crystal, the mol­ecules are linked via weak C—H⋯O iteractions, forming ladder-like chains along [010]. PMID:23476303

  1. Rorschach Comprehensive System data for 100 nonpatient children from the United States in two age groups.

    PubMed

    Hamel, Mel; Shaffer, Thomas W

    2007-01-01

    Building on our previously published study (Hamel, Shaffer, & Erdberg, 2000), which provided data on 100 nonpatient children aged 6 to 12 from the United States, we here provide reference data for two more homogeneous age subgroups: 6 to 9 (N = 50) and 10 to 12 (N = 50). Inclusion criteria are described, and expanded interrater reliability statistics at the response level are presented along with scores for the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2001) at each age grouping. In addition to the children being administered the Rorschach, their parents were given the Conners' Parent Rating Scale-93 (CPRS-93; Conners, 1989), and these results are presented as well.

  2. 5,5′,6,6′-Tetra­methyl-3,3′-bi-1,2,4-tri­azine

    PubMed Central

    Wolińska, Ewa; Karczmarzyk, Zbigniew; Rykowski, Andrzej; Wysocki, Waldemar

    2011-01-01

    In the title compound, C10H12N6, the two 5,6-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazine halves of the mol­ecule are related by a centre of symmetry. The two triazine rings are coplanar to within a maximum deviation of 0.013 (2) Å from the mean plane of the ring atoms. In the crystal, mol­ecules form layers parallel to the (100) crystallographic plane. Adjacent layers are held together via a C—H⋯π inter­action involving mol­ecules related by an a-glide plane. PMID:21837021

  3. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 85, September - October 1986.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-11-01

    A V 64 PARITSKIY L G 21 PISKARSKAS A 34 PROCHAZKOVA 0 6PARKHOMENKO YU N 15 PISKUNOV A K 20 PROKHORENKO V 1 7 PASHCHENKO V Z 34,38 PIS’MENNYY A YU 42...1. Heavy-Water Vapor ... - m. Submillimeter ............ 12 n . Metal Vapor .................. 12 o. Gasdynamic ............... 13 4. Excimer...injection laser on the frequency of external illumination at constant voltage on the p- n junction. MoldNIINTI. Deposit, no. 622-M, 24 Apr 1986, 9 p

  4. Dendritic poly-chelator frameworks for multimeric bioconjugation.

    PubMed

    Reich, Dominik; Wurzer, Alexander; Wirtz, Martina; Stiegler, Veronika; Spatz, Philipp; Pollmann, Julia; Wester, Hans-Jürgen; Notni, Johannes

    2017-02-23

    Starting from multifunctional triazacyclononane-triphosphinate chelator cores, dendritic molecules with the ability to bind metal ions within their framework were synthesized. A cooperative interaction of the chelator cages resulted in a markedly increased affinity towards (67/68)Ga(III). A hexameric PSMA inhibitor conjugate with high affinity (IC50 = 1.2 nM) and favorable in vivo PET imaging properties demonstrated practical applicability. The novel scaffolds are useful for synthesis of structurally well-defined multimodal imaging probes or theranostics.

  5. 2-(4-Methyl-phen-yl)-2H-indazole.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Xingqin; Qin, Xiaofen; Zhang, Jiankang

    2010-10-09

    The title compound, C(14)H(12)N(2), was synthesized by the reaction of 4-methyl-N-(2-nitro-benz-yl)aniline with tin(II) chloride dihydrate in ethanol at 313 K. The indazole ring system is almost planar with a dihedral angle of 1.58 (10)° between the rings, whereas the plane of the attached p-tolyl substituent shows a dihedral angle of 46.26 (5)° with respect to the indazole core.

  6. Improvements to Software Maintenance Methods in Real Time Embedded Aviation Flight Systems.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    69 FLI1GHT SOPTU&UE HISTORY The k-6 Intruder is in all weather, carrier based jet powered attack aircraft built by Grumman Aerospace Corporation , Long... Corporation of Long Beach, California shows a marked improvement in modularity with over one hundred identifiable modules. The situation seems to have...Applicationwar Mintenance, Communicatin 3. V5~i Mg Xti er’r12 n Yo-!i~y New York, Naval Weaon* (;enter, AV-8B Wea ons SystemSp t Facilit, A-i/A V-8 ;Facilit v

  7. Energy spectrum and critical exponents of the free parafermion Z N spin chain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alcaraz, Francisco C.; Batchelor, Murray T.; Liu, Zi-Zhong

    2017-04-01

    Results are given for the ground state energy and excitation spectrum of a simple N-state Z N spin chain described by free parafermions. The model is non-Hermitian for N≥slant 3 with a real ground state energy and a complex excitation spectrum. Although having a simpler Hamiltonian than the superintegrable chiral Potts model, the model is seen to share some properties with it, e.g. the specific heat exponent α =1-2/N and the anisotropic correlation length exponents {ν\\parallel}=1 and {ν\\bot}=2/N .

  8. India and the Persian Gulf Crisis: From Global Idealism to Regional Realities

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    October 1990. 2. Tellis, A. J.,"Banking on Deterrence, "Proceedings, pp.148-152, March 1988. 3. Ayoob, N . ,"India in South Asia: The Quest for Regional...pp.36-49, November 1987. 7. Timari, C. K.,"South Asian Regionalism:Problems and Prospects,"Asian Affairs: An American Review, v.12, n .2, pp.1-21...Summer 1985. 8. Palmer, N . D. ,"The Changing Scene in South Asia: Internal and External Dimensions,"ORBZS, v.XIX, n .3, pp.87-903, Fail 1975. 9. Razvi, M. S

  9. Ruthenium-catalyzed selective monoamination of vicinal diols.

    PubMed

    Bähn, Sebastian; Tillack, Annegret; Imm, Sebastian; Mevius, Kathleen; Michalik, Dirk; Hollmann, Dirk; Neubert, Lorenz; Beller, Matthias

    2009-01-01

    The monoamination of vicinal diols in the presence of in situ generated ruthenium catalysts has been investigated. Among the various phosphines tested in combination with [Ru(3)(CO)(12)], N-phenyl-2-(dicyclohexyl-phosphanyl)pyrrole showed the best performance. After optimization of the reaction conditions this system was applied to different secondary amines and anilines as well as a number of vicinal diols. With the exception of ethylene glycol, monoamination of the vicinal diols occurred selectively and the corresponding amino alcohols were obtained in good yields, producing water as the only side product.

  10. Theory of Reactions at a Solid Surface.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-03-01

    effectively adsorbed. The model is a multiple-pass Landau - Zener problem, with dissipation. In the case of no dissioation, the probability of returning out...is given by Pout = (I’P12) + (l-P12)n (71) n=O where P12 is the Landau - Zener probability of switching curves at each pass of the crossing-point...representation must in general go beyond such a simle two-body Landau - Zener treatment, in which the many-body aspects have been bundled into a

  11. Note on limit cycles for m-piecewise discontinuous polynomial Liénard differential equations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dong, Guangfeng; Liu, Changjian

    2017-08-01

    In this paper, we study the limit cycles for m-piecewise discontinuous polynomial Liénard differential systems of degree n with m/2 straight lines passing through the origin whose slopes are tan (α + 2jπ /m) for j = 0, 1, \\ldots , m/2 -1, and prove that for any positive even number m, if sin ( mα /2)≠0, then there always exists such a system possessing at least [ 1/2(n-m-2/2) ] limit cycles. This result verifies a conjecture proposed by Llibre and Teixerira (Z Angew Math Phys 66:51-66, 2015).

  12. Chemical solution route to synthesize claw-like ZnO nanorod array and its optical properties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hu, Ling-wei; Hu, Chun-hong; Tian, Hua; Zhang, Yu-xia; Jing, Ai-hua

    2014-03-01

    By using a low-cost and facile hydrothermal method, a peculiar claw-like ZnO nanorod array is successfully synthesized. The hydrothermal growth is done in an aqueous solution with equimolar zinc acetate (ZAc, Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O) and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA, C6H12N4). The obtained ZnO nanorod array is characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results indicate that the nanorods are high-quality monocrystals. The photoluminescence (PL) spectrum is performed to investigate the optical properties of this product.

  13. Multi-decker tricarbonyl-bridged sandwich complexes of transition metals: structure, stability and electron-counting rules.

    PubMed

    Gribanova, Tatyana N; Minyaev, Ruslan M; Minkin, Vladimir I

    2012-11-21

    Structures and stabilities of a new family of multi-decker tricarbonyl-bridged sandwich complexes of transition metals (Cr, Mn, Fe) have been studied using DFT B3LYP/6-311+G(df,p) calculations. Stable structures satisfy the (12n + 6) electron-counting rule, where n is the number of metal atoms. Lengthening of the molecular chains is accompanied by growth of aromaticity of the inner basal cycles, lowering of the aromaticity of the terminal basal cycles and decrease in the energy gap between the frontier orbitals.

  14. 3-(4-Hy-droxy-3-meth-oxy-phen-yl)acrylic acid-2,3,5,6-tetra-methyl-pyrazine (2/1).

    PubMed

    Tan, Zaiyou; Zhu, Erjia; Luo, Lin; Lin, Zhuohui; Yan, Ruisi

    2011-01-15

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C(8)H(12)N(2)·2C(10)H(10)O(4), contains a tetra-methyl-pyrazine mol-ecule, situated about an inversion center, and two substituted acrylic acid derivatives. The dihedral angle between the phenyl and pyrazine rings is 69.45 (9)°. In the crystal, inter-molecular O-H⋯O, O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds and weak C-H⋯O inter-actions lead to the formation of a supra-molecular network. The acrylic acid side chain is positionally disordered [occupancy ratio 0.852 (7):0.148 (7)].

  15. Crystal structure of 2-[12-methyl-14-phenyl-10,13,14,16-tetra-aza-tetra-cyclo[7.7.0.0(2,7).0(11,15)]hexa-deca-1(16),2,4,6,9,11(15),12-heptaen-8-yl-idene]propandi-nitrile.

    PubMed

    Mague, Joel T; Mohamed, Shaaban K; Akkurt, Mehmet; El-Kashef, Hussein M S; Albayati, Mustafa R

    2014-12-01

    In the title mol-ecule, C22H12N6, the fused tetracyclic core shows a small lengthwise twist as indicated by the dihedral of 2.7 (2)° between the outer rings. In the crystal, mol-ecules stack along the b-axis direction via offset π-stacking [centroid-centroid distances = 3.5282 (13) and 3.5597 (14) Å] with the stacks weakly associated through C-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. The phenyl ring is rotationally disordered over two orientations with an occupancy ratio of 0.516 (4):0.484 (4).

  16. Development of a Fast Response Intake Air Temperature Recorder for the Mirage IIIO Aircraft.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-02-01

    noise, but is otherwise a faithful reproduction of the thermocouple response. 9. CONCLUSIONS An intake air temperature probe and associated recording...DEVELOPMENT OF A FAST RESPONSE INTAKE AIR TEMPERATI*1E RECORDER FOR THE MIRAGE 1110 AIRCRAFT by W. H. HARCH DT1C EE ECTIZNV 12 N8 L B Approved for...Propulsion Technical Memorandum 433" DEVELOPMENT OF A FAST RESPONSE INTAKE AIR TEMPEATURE RECORDER FOR TlE MIRAGE I1IO AIRCRAFT by W.H. HARCH SUIMARY

  17. Gold-catalyzed oxidative ring expansion of 2-alkynyl-1,2-dihydropyridines or -quinolines: highly efficient synthesis of functionalized azepine or benzazepine scaffolds.

    PubMed

    Chen, Ming; Chen, Yifeng; Sun, Ning; Zhao, Jidong; Liu, Yuanhong; Li, Yuxue

    2015-01-19

    A gold-catalyzed highly regio- and chemoselective oxidative ring expansion of 2-alkynyl-1,2-dihydropyridines and its analogues using pyridine-N-oxide as the oxidant has been developed. Ring expansion proceeds through exclusive 1,2-migration of a vinyl or phenyl group, whereas no 1,2-H and 1,2-N migration take place. The reaction provides an efficient and attractive route to various types of medium-sized azepine derivatives in generally high to excellent yields with a broad functional group tolerance. DFT studies indicate that the reaction proceeds through the formation of a cyclopropyl gold intermediate, and no gold carbene species is involved.

  18. Sentinel node biopsy in the surgical management of breast cancer: experience in a general hospital with a dedicated surgical team.

    PubMed

    Merson, M; Fenaroli, P; Gianatti, A; Virotta, G; Giuliano, L G; Bonasegale, A; Bambina, S; Pericotti, S; Guerra, U; Tondini, C

    2004-06-01

    The aims of this study were to analyse the feasibility and accuracy of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedure as performed in a general hospital compared with the literature results; to report on the organizational aspects of planning surgical time with higher accuracy of pathological analysis; and to verify that there is a real advantage of SLNB in the surgical management of breast cancer. From October 1999 to September 2000, 371 consecutive patients with T1-2N0 breast lesions underwent SLNB. The immunoscintigraphic method of sentinel node identification was the main one used, the blue dye method being used only when the lymphoscintigraphic method was unsuccessful in identifying sentinel nodes. SLNB was done under either general or local anaesthesia, depending on how the surgical procedure was organized and clinically planned. SLNB was successful in 99% of these T1-2N0 breast cancer cases, and in 71% no metastases were found in the sentinel node. In 47% of cases with axillary metastasis only the sentinel node was involved. Nodal involvement was not present in any case of microinvasive or in situ carcinoma. In T1 cancers nodal involvement was present in 21%; in T2 cases the corresponding rate reached 51%. The results obtained with the SLNB procedure at Bergamo Hospital are similar to the literature data. When a dedicated surgical team, the nuclear medicine department and the pathology department work together, a general hospital can provide breast cancer patients with appropriate surgical treatment.

  19. Aerodynamic damping during rapid flight maneuvers in the fruit fly Drosophila.

    PubMed

    Cheng, B; Fry, S N; Huang, Q; Deng, X

    2010-02-15

    We systematically investigated the effect of body rotation on the aerodynamic torque generation on flapping wings during fast turning maneuvers (body saccades) in the fruit fly Drosophila. A quasi-steady aerodynamic simulation of turning maneuvers with symmetrically flapping wings showed that body rotation causes a substantial aerodynamic counter-torque, known as flapping counter-torque (FCT), which acts in the opposite direction to turning. Simulation results further indicate that FCTs are linearly dependent on the rotational velocity and the flapping frequency regardless of the kinematics of wing motion. We estimated the damping coefficients for the principal rotation axes - roll, pitch, yaw - in the stroke plane frame. FCT-induced passive damping exists about all the rotation axes examined, suggesting that the effects of body rotation cannot be ignored in the analysis of free-flight dynamics. Force measurements on a dynamically scaled robotic wing undergoing realistic saccade kinematics showed that although passive aerodynamic damping due to FCT can account for a large part of the deceleration during saccades, active yaw torque from asymmetric wing motion is required to terminate body rotation. In addition, we calculated the mean value of the damping coefficient at 21.00 x10(-12) N m s based on free-flight data of saccades, which is somewhat lower than that estimated by the simulation results (26.84 x 10(-12) N m s).

  20. Contemporary carbon content of bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in butter.

    PubMed

    Tong, T; Ondov, J M; Buchholz, B A; VanDerveer, M C

    2016-01-01

    The fraction of naturally produced bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a ubiquitous plasticizer known to contaminate packaged foods, was determined for each of five 1.10 kg samples of unsalted market butter by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). After extraction and concentration enrichment with liquid-liquid extraction, flash column chromatography, and preparative-scale high performance liquid chromatography, each sample provided ≈ 250 μg extracts of DEHP with carbon purity ranging from 92.5 ± 1.2% (n = 3, 1σ) to 97.1 ± 0.8% (n = 3, 1σ) as measured with gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). After corrections for method blank DEHP, co-eluting compounds, and unidentified carbon, the mean fraction of naturally produced DEHP in butter was determined to be 0.16 ± 0.12 (n = 5, 1σ). To our knowledge, this is the first report of the contemporary fraction of DEHP isolated from market butter in the U.S.

  1. A new two-component integrable system with peakon solutions

    PubMed Central

    Xia, Baoqiang; Qiao, Zhijun

    2015-01-01

    A new two-component system with cubic nonlinearity and linear dispersion: mt=bux+12[m(uv−uxvx)]x−12m(uvx−uxv),nt=bvx+12[n(uv−uxvx)]x+12n(uvx−uxv),m=u−uxx,n=v−vxx,where b is an arbitrary real constant, is proposed in this paper. This system is shown integrable with its Lax pair, bi-Hamiltonian structure and infinitely many conservation laws. Geometrically, this system describes a non-trivial one-parameter family of pseudo-spherical surfaces. In the case b=0, the peaked soliton (peakon) and multi-peakon solutions to this two-component system are derived. In particular, the two-peakon dynamical system is explicitly solved and their interactions are investigated in details. Moreover, a new integrable cubic nonlinear equation with linear dispersion mt=bux+12[m(|u|2−|ux|2)]x−12m(uux∗−uxu∗),m=u−uxx,is obtained by imposing the complex conjugate reduction v=u* to the two-component system. The complex-valued N-peakon solution and kink wave solution to this complex equation are also derived. PMID:25792956

  2. Electrical and Dielectric Properties of a n-Si Schottky Barrier Diode with Bismuth Titanate Interlayer: Effect of Temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yıldırım, M.; Şahin, C.; Altındal, Ş.; Durmuş, P.

    2017-03-01

    An Au/Bi4Ti3O12/ n-Si Schottky barrier diode (SBD) was fabricated with a 51 nm Bi4Ti3O12 interfacial layer. Admittance measurements of the fabricated SBD were carried out in the bias voltage ( V) range of -4 V and 6 V. Capacitance ( C) and conductance ( G/ω) measurements were carried out in a wide temperature range of 120-380 K so that temperature effects on electrical and dielectric properties of the SBD were investigated. Main electrical parameters were extracted from reverse bias C -2- V plots. It was found that variance of electrical and dielectric parameters of the SBD with temperature is basically different for low and high temperature regions. A fair number (˜1012 eV-1 cm-2) was obtained for surface states ( N ss); however, N ss first decreased then increased with temperature. This result was associated with increased defects with temperature and higher activation energy in the high temperature region. Dielectric parameters of the SBD were also extracted and the dielectric constant of SBD was found as ˜10 at room temperature. Application of modulus formalism to the admittance data revealed temperature-activated dielectric relaxation at 340 K. Results showed that the temperature has considerable effects on electrical and dielectric properties of Au/Bi4Ti3O12/ n-Si SBD.

  3. Effect of nutrients on the biodegradation of tributyltin (TBT) by alginate immobilized microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, in natural river water.

    PubMed

    Jin, Jing; Yang, Lihua; Chan, Sidney M N; Luan, Tiangang; Li, Yan; Tam, Nora F Y

    2011-01-30

    The removal and degradation of tributyltin (TBT) by alginate immobilized Chlorella vulgaris has been evidenced in our previously published work. The present study was further to investigate the effect of spiked nutrient concentrations on the TBT removal capacity and degradation in the same alginate immobilized C. vulgaris. During the 14-d experiment, compared to the control (natural river water), the spiked nutrient groups (50% or 100% nutrients of the commercial Bristol medium as the reference, marked as 1/2N or 1N) showed more rapid cell proliferation of microalgae and higher TBT removal rate. Moreover, significantly more TBT was adsorbed onto the alginate matrix, but less TBT was taken up by the algal cells of the nutrient groups than that of the control. Mass balance data showed that TBT was lost as inorganic tin in the highest degree in 1N group, followed by 1/2N group and the least was in the control, but the relative abundance of the intermediate products of debutylation (dibutyltin and monobutyltin) were comparable among three groups. In conclusion, the addition of nutrients in contaminated water stimulated the growth and physiological activity of C. vulgaris immobilized in alginate beads and improved its TBT degradation efficiency. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Eu(2+)-Activated Phase-Pure Oxonitridosilicate Phosphor in a Ba-Si-O-N System via Facile Silicate-Assisted Routes Designed by First-Principles Thermodynamic Simulation.

    PubMed

    Yun, Young Jun; Kim, Jin Kyu; Ju, Ji Young; Choi, Seul Ki; Park, Woon Ik; Jung, Ha-Kyun; Kim, Yongseon; Choi, Sungho

    2016-09-06

    Eu(2+)-activated single phase Ba(2+)-oxonitridosilicate phosphors were prepared under a mild synthetic condition via silicate precursors, and their luminescent properties were investigated. Both the preferred oxonitridosilicate formation as for the available host compounds and thermodynamic stability within the Ba-Si-O-N system were elucidated in detail by the theoretical simulation based on the first-principles density functional theory. Those results can visualize the optimum synthetic conditions for Eu(2+)-activated highly luminescent Ba(2+)-oxonitridosilicates, especially Ba3Si6O12N2, as promising conversion phosphors for white LEDs, including Ba3Si6O9N4 and BaSi2O2N2 phases. To prove the simulated design rule, we synthesized the Ba3Si6O12N2:Eu(2+) phosphor using various silicate precursors, Ba2Si4O10, Ba2Si3O8, and BaSiO3, in a carbothermal reduction ambient and finally succeeded in obtaining a phase of pure highly luminescent oxonitridosilicate phosphor without using any solid-state nitride addition and/or high pressure synthetic procedures. Our study provides useful guidelines for robust synthetic procedures for developing thermally stable rare-earth-ion activated oxonitridosilicate phosphors and an established simulation method that can be effectively applied to other multigas systems.

  5. Kinetics of the inhibition of human renin by an inhibitor containing a hydroxyethylene dipeptide isostere

    SciTech Connect

    Kati, W.M.; Pals, D.T.; Thaisrivongs, S.

    1987-12-01

    The authors have studied the inhibition of both human and hog renins by compound 1 (Boc-Pro-Phe-N/sup ..cap alpha../-MeHis-LeuPsi(CHOHCH/sub 2/)Val-Ile-(aminomethyl) pyridine) using kinetics. The inhibition of human renin was shown to be time dependent and followed a minimal two-step mechanism. A loosely bound EI complex was formed rapidly with a dissociation constant, K/sub I/, of 12 nM. A second EI complex was slowly formed and was found to be 64-fold more strongly bound with an overall K/sub I/ of 0.19 nM. The inhibition of human renin was shown to be competitive by both initial and final steady-state velocities. Compound 1 was also shown to be a competitive inhibitor of hog renin with a K/sub I/ of 12 nM, but no evidence for time-dependent inhibition was detected. The differences in overall K/sub I/ and inhibition kinetics may be a consequence of the similarities in structure between 1 and human angiotensinogen, which was assayed by a radioimmunoassay procedure.

  6. Highly efficient electrochemiluminescence based on 4-amino-1,2,4-triazole Schiff base two-dimensional Zn/Cd coordination polymers.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Shu-Hua; Wang, Ji-Ming; Zhang, Hai-Yang; Fan, Yi-Peng; Xiao, Yu

    2017-01-03

    Four coordination polymers, formulated as [Zn(L(1))2]n (1), [Cd(L(1))2]n (2), [Zn(L(2))2]n (3) and [Cd(L(2))2]n (4) (HL1 is (E)-2-(((4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)imino)methyl)-4,6-dibromophenol; HL2 is (E)-2-(((4H-1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)imino)methyl)-4,6-dichlorophenol) have been synthesized through vial reactions. The four compounds were structurally characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, elemental analysis, PXRD, and fluorescence spectroscopy. For 1-4, a detailed analysis of Hirshfeld surfaces and fingerprint plots facilitates a comparison of intermolecular interactions, which are crucial in building different supramolecular architectures. C-HX (X = Br, Cl) interactions play a crucial role in stabilizing the self-assembly process among adjacent 2-D networks for both complexes. Above all, complexes 1-4 showed highly intense electrochemical luminescence (ECL) in DMF solution and high thermal stability.

  7. Ethyl acetate-n-butanol gradient solvent system for high-speed countercurrent chromatography to screen bioactive substances in okra.

    PubMed

    Ying, Hao; Jiang, Heyuan; Liu, Huan; Chen, Fangjuan; Du, Qizhen

    2014-09-12

    High-speed countercurrent chromatographic separation (HSCCC) possesses the property of zero-loss of sample, which is very useful for the screening of bioactive components. In the present study, the ethyl acetate-n-butanol gradient HSCCC solvent system composed of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water was investigated for the screening of bioactive substances. To screen the antiproliferative compounds in okra extract, we used the stationary phase ethyl acetate-n-butanol-water (1:1:10) as the stationary phase, and eluted the antiproliferative components by 6-steps of gradient using mobile phases n-hexane-ethyl acetate (1:2), n-hexane-ethyl acetate (1:4), n-hexane-ethyl acetate (0:4), n-butanol-ethyl acetate (1:4) n-butanol-ethyl acetate (1:2), n-butanol-ethyl acetate (2:2), and n-butanol-ethyl acetate (2:1). The fractions collected from HSCCC separation with the gradient solvent system were assayed for antiproliferative activity against cancer cells. Bioactive components were identified: a major anti-cancer compound, 4'-hydroxy phenethyl trans-ferulate, with middle activity, and a minor anti-cancer compound, carolignan, with strong activity. The result shows that the gradient solvent system is potential for the screening of bioactive compounds from natural products.

  8. [Reductive effect of the sesquiterpenic lactone "Helenalin " and its metallic derivatives in the formation of the estradiol receptor complex in breast tumor tissue].

    PubMed

    Salazar Esquivel, E L; Tellez, M C; Calzada, L

    1995-01-01

    Chemotherapy for systemic therapy in breast cancer has been widely used, and has been supported by many varied compounds with different origins and different compositions. Nevertheless, all of them produce several side adverse effects which must be taken into account. For this reason we must study new possibilities in which the administered drug acts selectively on the tumour cell without injuring healthy tissue. For studying its effect, a gamma lactone called "Helenaline" and its metalic derivates He-Co, He-Hg and He-Cu were studied, which chemical composition allows them to react with -SH residues present in the tumour cell receptors, which when interspaced by a previous reaction, could modify its structural composition and finally its affinity by the hormone. The inhibition effect for formation of estradiol-receptor complex in breast tumour tissue using Helenaline 12 n M and 126 n M was studied, obtaining 14% and 56% inhibition effect respectively. When He-Co, He-Hg and He-Cu effect was studied, this effect was raised obtaining 11%, 10.5% and 60% with 12 nM and 44.5%, 74.4% and 86% with 126 nM respectively.

  9. Powerful neodymium laser radiation for the treatment of facial carcinoma: 5 year follow-up data.

    PubMed

    Moskalik, Konstantin; Kozlow, Alexander; Demin, Eugeny; Boiko, Ernest

    2010-01-01

    A retrospective non-comparative follow-up study was performed to evaluate the curative efficacy of powerful neodymium laser radiation (λ = 1,060 nm) for the treatment of 2,837 patients with 3,001 histologically confirmed facial skin carcinoma lesions of stages T1-2N0M0: 2,743 primary basal cell carcinomas (BCC), 172 recurrent limited basal cell carcinomas (RLBCC), and 86 primary squamous cells carcinomas (SCC). All patients were followed-up from 5 to 11 years (mean: 8.2 years; median: 7.0 years) after treatment. The overall recurrence rate (RR) after treatment with laser radiation of facial carcinomas was 2.5% of all irradiated tumours (mean: 13.4 months; median: 11.0 months). Patients with BCC treated by radiation with the pulsed Neodymium (Nd) laser developed RR in 2.2% of cases and patients treated with the Nd:YAG laser had RR of 3.1%. Recurrences following treatment for RLBCC, and those of SCC, after irradiation with the Nd laser appeared in 4.1% and 4.6% of patients, respectively. Neodymium laser radiation is a safe and effective means of treating facial carcinomas of stages T1-2N0M0 with good cosmetic results.

  10. Electrical and Dielectric Properties of a n-Si Schottky Barrier Diode with Bismuth Titanate Interlayer: Effect of Temperature

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yıldırım, M.; Şahin, C.; Altındal, Ş.; Durmuş, P.

    2017-01-01

    An Au/Bi4Ti3O12/n-Si Schottky barrier diode (SBD) was fabricated with a 51 nm Bi4Ti3O12 interfacial layer. Admittance measurements of the fabricated SBD were carried out in the bias voltage (V) range of -4 V and 6 V. Capacitance (C) and conductance (G/ω) measurements were carried out in a wide temperature range of 120-380 K so that temperature effects on electrical and dielectric properties of the SBD were investigated. Main electrical parameters were extracted from reverse bias C -2-V plots. It was found that variance of electrical and dielectric parameters of the SBD with temperature is basically different for low and high temperature regions. A fair number (˜1012 eV-1 cm-2) was obtained for surface states (N ss); however, N ss first decreased then increased with temperature. This result was associated with increased defects with temperature and higher activation energy in the high temperature region. Dielectric parameters of the SBD were also extracted and the dielectric constant of SBD was found as ˜10 at room temperature. Application of modulus formalism to the admittance data revealed temperature-activated dielectric relaxation at 340 K. Results showed that the temperature has considerable effects on electrical and dielectric properties of Au/Bi4Ti3O12/n-Si SBD.

  11. Contemporary Carbon Content of Bis (2-ethylhexyl) Phthalate in Butter

    PubMed Central

    Tong, T.; Ondov, J. M.; Buchholz, B. A.; VanDerveer, M. C.

    2016-01-01

    The fraction of naturally produced Bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), a ubiquitous plasticizer known to contaminate packaged foods, was determined for each of five 1.10 kg samples of unsalted market butter by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). After extraction and concentration enrichment with liquid-liquid extraction, flash column chromatography, and preparative-scale high performance liquid chromatography, each sample provided ≈250 µg extracts of DEHP with carbon purity ranging from 92.5±1.2% (n=3, 1σ) to 97.1±0.8% (n=3, 1σ) as measured with gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). After corrections for method blank DEHP, co-eluting compounds, and unidentified carbon, the mean fraction of naturally produced DEHP in butter was determined to be 0.16±0.12 (n=5, 1σ). To our knowledge, this is the first report of the contemporary fraction of DEHP isolated from market butter in the U.S. PMID:26213077

  12. The isotropic condition of energetic particles emitted from a large solar flare. Ph.D. Thesis

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Spalding, J.

    1983-01-01

    Isotope abundance ratios for 5 to 50 MeV/nuc nuclei from a large solar flare were measured. The measurements were made by the heavy isotope spectrometer telescope (HIST) on the ISEE-3 satellite orbiting the Sun near an Earth-Sun liberation point approximately one million miles sunward of the Earth. Finite values for the isotope abundance ratios C-13/C-12, N-15/N-14, O-18/O-16, Ne-22/Ne-20, Mg-25/Mg-24, and Mg-26/Mg-24, and upper limits for the isotope abundance ratios He-3/He-4, C-14/C-12, O-17/O-16 and Ne-21/Ne-20 were reported. Element abundances and spectra were measured to compare the flare with other reported flares. The flare is a typical large flare with low Fe/O abundance or = to 0.1). For C-13/C-12, N-15/N-14, O-18/O-16, Mg-25/Mg-24 and Mg-26/Mg-24 isotope abundance ratios agree with the solar system abundance ratios. Measurement for Ne-22/Ne-20 agree with the isotopic composition of the meteoritic component neon-A.

  13. The efficacy of facial skin cancer treatment with high-energy pulsed neodymium and Nd:YAG lasers.

    PubMed

    Moskalik, Konstantin; Kozlov, Alexander; Demin, Eugeny; Boiko, Ernest

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the curative and cosmetic efficacy of treatment for facial skin cancer using neodymium laser irradiation. Due to the complex anatomy of the area, therapy for facial skin cancer is difficult. Laser irradiation was used for the treatment of 3461 patients with 3624 facial skin cancer lesions of stages T(1-2)N(0)M(0:) 3346 basal cell skin cancers, 188 limited basal cell skin cancer recurrences, and 90 squamous cell skin cancers. Pulsed neodymium (Nd) and Nd:YAG lasers were used as the energy sources. The patients were followed-up from 3 mo to 5 y or more. Patients with basal cell skin cancer treated by irradiation with the Nd laser developed recurrences in 1.8% of cases, and patients treated with the Nd:YAG laser had a recurrence rate of 2.5%. Recurrences following treatment for basal cell skin cancer, and those of squamous cell skin cancer, after irradiation with the Nd laser appeared in 3.7% and 4.4% of patients, respectively. Overall, the frequency of facial skin cancer recurrences after treatment with laser irradiation was 2.1% of all the irradiated tumors. Neodymium laser irradiation is an effective method to treat facial skin cancer of stages T(1-2)N(0)M(0), and results in acceptable cosmetic results.

  14. Topological ferrimagnetic behaviours of coordination polymers containing manganese(II) chains with mixed azide and carboxylate bridges and alternating F/AF/AF'/AF'/AF interactions.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yan-Qin; Liu, Hou-Ting; Qi, Yan; Gao, En-Qing

    2014-08-21

    Two Mn(ii) complexes with azide and a new zwitterionic tetracarboxylate ligand 1,2,4,5-tetrakis(4-carboxylatopyridinium-1-methylene)benzene (L(1)), {[Mn5(L(1))2(N3)8(OH)2]·12H2O}n () and {[Mn5(L(1))2(N3)8(H2O)2](ClO4)2·6H2O}n (), have been synthesized and characterized crystallographically and magnetically. and contain similar alternating chains constructed by azide and carboxylate bridges. The independent sets of bridges alternate in an ABCCB sequence between adjacent Mn(ii) ions: (EO-N3)2 double bridges (EO = end-on) (denoted as A), [(EO-N3)(OCO)2] triple bridges (denoted as B) and [(EO-N3)(OCO)] double bridges (denoted as C). The alternating chains are interlinked into 2D coordination networks by the tetrapyridinium spacers. Magnetic studies demonstrate that the magnetic coupling through the double EO azide bridges is ferromagnetic and that through mixed azide/carboxylate bridges is antiferromagnetic. The unprecedented F/AF/AF'/AF'/AF coupling sequence along the chain dictates an uncompensated ground spin state (S = 5/2 per Mn5 unit) and leads to one-dimensional topological ferrimagnetism, which features a minimum in the χT versus T plot.

  15. A comparison of quality of life and satisfaction of women with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast conserving therapy vs. mastectomy in southern China.

    PubMed

    He, Z-Y; Tong, Q; Wu, S-G; Li, F-Y; Lin, H-X; Guan, X-X

    2012-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the quality of life (QoL) and overall satisfaction with treatment of women with stage T1-2N0M0 breast cancer treated with breast conserving therapy (BCT) or mastectomy (MAS) in southern China. Functional assessment of cancer therapy-breast, traditional Chinese version 4 (FACT-B), was administered to 180 patients with stage T1-2N0M0 breast cancer (82 BCT and 98 MAS) treated between July 2000 and July 2008. The two groups differed in tumor pathology and how axillary lymph nodes were treated (sentinel node biopsy vs. dissection), while other disease and socioeconomic characteristics were similar. The median follow-up after completion of radiotherapy was 60 months in the BCT group, and 65 months in the MAS group. The scores of the physical, functional, and emotional domains and breast-specific concerns of FACT-B were not significantly different between the groups. The social domain score of the BCT group was significantly greater than those of the MAS group. Patients who underwent BCT did not report better QoL than those who received MAS, but BCT patients experienced easier social adjustment.

  16. [Living conditions, nutritional status and morbidity in children in prisons and detention centers in Burkina Faso].

    PubMed

    Ye, D; Zoma, A; Kabore, A; Yonaba, C; Savadogo, H; Ouedraogo, S A P; Dao, L; Koueta, F

    2015-01-01

    In Burkina Faso, although children are sometimes separated from adults in prisons, they still live in the same conditions of overcrowding, which can reach 180% of the capacity. The aim of our study was to describe living conditions, nutritional status, and morbidity of children in detention centers of Burkina Faso. The objective of this cross-sectional descriptive study is to describe the social and health conditions of children held in 20 detention centers in Burkina Faso. During the study period, 109 children, with a mean age of 16.3 years, were examined in 20 correction centers. The main reason for incarceration was theft (66% cases, n = 72). Detention exceeded more than one month for 76 children (70%), and 59% (N = 46) had had fewer than one visit per month since their incarceration. Of these 20 facilities, 6 had no separate quarters for children. The main symptoms and diseases encountered in these children were fever in 19% of the cases (N = 16), macroscopic hematuria in 13% (N = 11), urinary tract infection in 12% (N = 10) and diarrhea in 12% (N = 10). These results show that there is a need to take preventive measures to protect these children's health, especially by improving the quality of living conditions in detention center.

  17. Excitation energies, oscillator strengths, and lifetimes of levels along the gold isoelectronic sequence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Safronova, U. I.; Johnson, W. R.

    2004-05-01

    Energies of n s1/2 ( n=6-9 ) , n pj ( n=6-8 ) , n dj ( n=6-7 ) , and 5 fj states in neutral Au and Au-like ions with nuclear charges Z=80 83 are calculated using relativistic many-body perturbation theory. Reduced matrix elements, oscillator strengths, transition rates and lifetimes are determined for the 30 possible n lj - n' l 'j' electric-dipole transitions. Results for a limited number states n s1/2 , n pj ( n=6 7 ) and 6 dj are obtained in the relativistic single-double (SD) approximation, where single and double excitations of Dirac-Fock wave functions are included to all orders in perturbation theory. Using SD wave functions, accurate values are obtained for energies of the eight lowest states and for the fourteen possible electric-dipole matrix elements between these states. With the aid of the SD wave functions, we also determine transition rates and oscillator strengths for the fourteen transitions together with lifetimes of 6 pj , 7 pj , and 6 dj levels. We investigate the hyperfine structure in Hg II and Tl III . The hyperfine A values are determined for 6 s1/2 and 6 pj states in 199 Hg+ , 201 Hg+ , and 205 Tl2+ isotopes. These calculations provide a theoretical benchmark for comparison with experiment and theory.

  18. Single laboratory validation of a ready-to-use phosphatase inhibition assay for detection of okadaic acid toxins.

    PubMed

    Smienk, Henry G F; Calvo, Dolores; Razquin, Pedro; Domínguez, Elena; Mata, Luis

    2012-05-01

    A phosphatase inhibition assay for detection of okadaic acid (OA) toxins in shellfish, OkaTest, was single laboratory validated according to international recognized guidelines (AOAC, EURACHEM). Special emphasis was placed on the ruggedness of the method and stability of the components. All reagents were stable for more than 6 months and the method was highly robust under normal laboratory conditions. The limit of detection and quantification were 44 and 56 µg/kg, respectively; both below the European legal limit of 160 µg/kg. The repeatability was evaluated with 2 naturally contaminated samples. The relative standard deviation (RSD) calculated was 1.4% at a level of 276 µg/kg and 3.9% at 124 µg/kg. Intermediate precision was estimated by testing 10 different samples (mussel and scallop) on three different days and ranged between 2.4 and 9.5%. The IC(50) values of the phosphatase used in this assay were determined for OA (1.2 nM), DTX-1 (1.6 nM) and DTX-2 (1.2 nM). The accuracy of the method was estimated by recovery testing for OA (mussel, 78-101%; king scallop, 98-114%), DTX-1 (king scallop, 79-102%) and DTX-2 (king scallop, 93%). Finally, the method was qualitatively compared to the mouse bioassay and LC-MS/MS.

  19. Mice lacking N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I activity die at mid-gestation, revealing an essential role for complex or hybrid N-linked carbohydrates.

    PubMed Central

    Ioffe, E; Stanley, P

    1994-01-01

    Eukaryotic cells require N-linked carbohydrates for survival. However, the biosynthetic intermediate Man5GlcNAc2Asn, in place of mature N-linked structures, allows glycoprotein synthesis and somatic cell growth to proceed normally. To determine whether the same would be true in a complex biological situation, the gene Mgat-1 was disrupted by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells and transmitted to the germ line. The Mgat-1 gene encodes N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I [GlcNAc-TI; alpha-1,3-mannosyl-glycoprotein beta-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase; UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:glycoprotein (N-acetyl-D-glucosamine to alpha-D-mannosyl-1,3-(R1)-beta-D-mannosyl-R2) beta-1,2-N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyltransferase, EC 2.4.1.101], the transferase that initiates synthesis of hybrid and complex N-linked carbohydrates from Man5GlcNAc2Asn. Mice lacking GlcNAc-TI activity did not survive to term. Biochemical and morphological analyses of embryos from 8.5 to 13.5 days of gestation showed that Mgat-1-/-embryos are developmentally retarded, most noticeably in neural tissue, and die between 9.5 and 10.5 days of development. Images Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 PMID:8290590

  20. Effects of static fingertip loading on carpal tunnel pressure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rempel, D.; Keir, P. J.; Smutz, W. P.; Hargens, A.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between carpal tunnel pressure and fingertip force during a simple pressing task. Carpal tunnel pressure was measured in 15 healthy volunteers by means of a saline-filled catheter inserted percutaneously into the carpal tunnel of the nondominant hand. The subjects pressed on a load cell with the tip of the index finger and with 0, 6, 9, and 12 N of force. The task was repeated in 10 wrist postures: neutral; 10 and 20 degrees of ulnar deviation; 10 degrees of radial deviation; and 15, 30, and 45 degrees of both flexion and extension. Fingertip loading significantly increased carpal tunnel pressure for all wrist angles (p = 0.0001). Post hoc analyses identified significant increase (p < 0.05) in carpal tunnel pressure between unloaded (0 N) and all loaded conditions, as well as between the 6 and 12 N load conditions. This study demonstrates that the process whereby fingertip loading elevates carpal tunnel pressure is independent of wrist posture and that relatively small fingertip loads have a large effect on carpal tunnel pressure. It also reveals the response characteristics of carpal tunnel pressure to fingertip loading, which is one step in understanding the relationship between sustained grip and pinch activities and the aggravation or development of median neuropathy at the wrist.

  1. The fate of accreted CNO elements in neutron star atmospheres - X-ray bursts and gamma-ray lines

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bildstein, Lars; Salpeter, Edwin E.; Wasserman, Ira

    1992-01-01

    The fate of incident C-12, N-14, and O-16 in accreting neutron star atmospheres is described. When the accreting material is stopped by Coulomb collisions with atmospheric electrons, all incoming elements heavier than helium thermalize at higher altitudes in the atmosphere than the accreting protons. The incoming protons and helium then destroy the elements via nuclear spallation reactions. A small fraction of the nuclear reactions cause nuclear excitation and subsequent gamma-ray emission. The probability for a nucleus to survive this bombardment depends on how long it spends in the hazardous region of the atmosphere. The fractions of incident C-12, N-14, and O-16 that survive proton bombardment are calculated as a function of the accretion rate, and the mass and radius of the neutron star. The subsequent paucity of CNO nuclei decreases hydrogen-burning rates in the deep regions of the atmosphere, thereby reducing the amount of helium available for the unstable nuclear flashes that cause type I X-ray bursts. The gamma-ray line emission from this collisional deceleration scenario is determined.

  2. Carbide and nitride precipitation during laser cladding of Inconel 718 alloy coatings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yaocheng; Li, Zhuguo; Nie, Pulin; Wu, Yixiong

    2013-11-01

    The microstructure of the laser clad Inconel 718 alloy coating was observed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The chemical composition of precipitation phases was investigated by energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) and solid phase microextraction (SPME). The crystal structure and lattice constants of precipitation are determined by transmission electron microscope (TEM). Vickers hardness of the coatings and the nanohardness of the interstitial phases were measured. The insular carbide (MC) and the tetragonal nitride (MN) with face-centered cubic (FCC) structure are rich in Ti and Nb but depleted in Ni, Fe and Cr due to the interdiffusion and redistribution of alloying elements between MC and MN and supersaturated matrix. MC and MN were precipitated in the forms of (Nb0.12Ti0.88)C1.5 and (Nb0.88Ti0.12)N1.5, and the Gibbs free energies of formation can be expressed as Δ G [ (Nb0.12Ti0.88)C1.5 ] 0 = - 122.654 - 3.1332 T (kJ /mol) and Δ G [ (Nb0.88Ti0.12)N1.5 ] 0 = - 157.814 - 3.0251 T (kJ /mol). The nanohardness and Young's modulus of the MC and MN were much higher than the matrix, and the plastic deformation energy of interstitial phases was lower than the matrix. The precipitation of MC and MN is beneficial to the mechanical properties of coating.

  3. Effects of static fingertip loading on carpal tunnel pressure

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rempel, D.; Keir, P. J.; Smutz, W. P.; Hargens, A.

    1997-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between carpal tunnel pressure and fingertip force during a simple pressing task. Carpal tunnel pressure was measured in 15 healthy volunteers by means of a saline-filled catheter inserted percutaneously into the carpal tunnel of the nondominant hand. The subjects pressed on a load cell with the tip of the index finger and with 0, 6, 9, and 12 N of force. The task was repeated in 10 wrist postures: neutral; 10 and 20 degrees of ulnar deviation; 10 degrees of radial deviation; and 15, 30, and 45 degrees of both flexion and extension. Fingertip loading significantly increased carpal tunnel pressure for all wrist angles (p = 0.0001). Post hoc analyses identified significant increase (p < 0.05) in carpal tunnel pressure between unloaded (0 N) and all loaded conditions, as well as between the 6 and 12 N load conditions. This study demonstrates that the process whereby fingertip loading elevates carpal tunnel pressure is independent of wrist posture and that relatively small fingertip loads have a large effect on carpal tunnel pressure. It also reveals the response characteristics of carpal tunnel pressure to fingertip loading, which is one step in understanding the relationship between sustained grip and pinch activities and the aggravation or development of median neuropathy at the wrist.

  4. Low-density nanoporous phases of group-III nitrides built from sodalite cage clusters.

    PubMed

    Liu, Zhifeng; Wang, Xinqiang; Liu, Gaobin; Zhou, Ping; Sui, Jian; Wang, Xuefang; Zhu, Hengjiang; Hou, Zhilin

    2013-06-07

    We report a new family of M12N12 (M = Al and Ga) cluster-assembled low-density materials with distinguished structures and properties based on state-of-the-art first-principles calculations. Specifically, the thermodynamic stability of the sodalite cage M12N12, with Th symmetry and a large HOMO-LUMO gap, is firstly proved using a first-principles molecular dynamics (FPMD) study. We consider this novel structure as a building block to construct new cluster-assembled materials. On the basis of the interaction of the cages with each other, eight new low-density nanoporous phases have been characterized, some of which with high stability are even more stable than experimentally synthesized MN phases. The intrinsic higher flexibilities (lower bulk moduli) and porous characteristics (the pore size: from 0.360 to 0.952 nm for AlN, 0.381 to 0.982 nm for GaN) of these phases should make them extremely promising for molecular sieving, gas storage, and particularly, atomic transport, control and purification applications. Furthermore, these new materials can not only retain the structural characteristics of the building block, but also preserve its electronic properties of wide-energy gap, with an indirect or a direct band gap of 1.038-2.640 eV. Our results may be feasible for extending the range of properties and applications of the corresponding MN compound.

  5. Functional gap junctions in the early sea urchin embryo are localized to the vegetal pole.

    PubMed

    Yazaki, I; Dale, B; Tosti, E

    1999-08-15

    Using the whole-cell voltage-clamp technique we have studied electrical coupling and dye coupling between pairs of blastomeres in 16- to 128-cell-stage sea urchin embryos. Electrical coupling was established between macromeres and micromeres at the 16-cell stage with a junctional conductance (G(j)) of 26 nS that decreased to 12 nS before the next cleavage division. G(j) between descendants of macromeres and micromeres was 12 nS falling to 8 nS in the latter half of the cell cycle. Intercellular current intensity was independent of transjunctional voltage, nondirectional, and sensitive to 1-octanol and therefore appears to be gated through gap junction channels. There was no significant coupling between other pairs of blastomeres. Lucifer yellow did not spread between these electrically coupled cell pairs and in fact significant dye coupling between nonsister cells was observed only at the 128-cell stage. Since 1-octanol inhibited electrical communication between blastomeres at the 16- to 64-cell stage and also induced defects in formation of the archenteron, it is possible that gap junctions play a role in embryonic induction. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

  6. The effect of copolymers on the interfaces in incompatible homopolymers blend: Molecular dynamics study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ryu, Jiho; Lee, Won Bo

    2015-03-01

    Using molecular dynamics simulations the effect of copolymers as compatibilizer for reducing interfacial tension and enhancement of interfacial adhesion at the interface of thermodynamic unfavorable homopolymers blend is studied with block- and graft-copolymers. We have calculated local pressure tensor of system along the axis perpendicular to interface, varying bending potential energy of one part, which consist of just one kind of beads, of copolymer chain to examine the effect of stiffness of surfactin molecules. Here we consider symmetric diblock copolymer (f =1/2) having 1/2 N make of beads of type A and the other part made of beads of type B, and graft copolymer having backbone linear chain consist of 1/2 N beads of type of A and branched with two side-chain consist of 1/4 N beads of type B. All simulations were performed under the constant NPT ensemble at T* =1, ρ* ~0.85. Also we studied changes of effect of copolymers with increasing pairwise repulsive interaction potential between two beads of types A and B while homopolymers chain length are fixed, N =30. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.

  7. Di-μ-hydroxido-κ4 O:O-μ-trifluoro­methane­sulfonato-κ2 O:O′-bis­[(5,5′-dimethyl-2,2-bipyridine-κ2 N,N′)(η5-penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl)ytterbium(III)] tetra­phenyl­borate 5,5′-dimethyl-2,2-bipyridine

    PubMed Central

    Kazhdan, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, [Yb2(CF3O3S)(C10H15)2(OH)2(C12H12N2)2](C24H20B)·C12H12N2, crystallizes as a half-sandwich complex with a bridging trifluoro­methane­sulfonate as well as two bridging hydroxide groups. The bound bipyridine ligands have N—C—C—N torsion angles of 13.1 (9) and −12.1 (8)°. The structure also contains an uncoordinated 5,5′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine molecule with an N—C—C—N torsion angle of 169.5 (7)°. The triply bridged Yb centers are 3.5990 (4) Å apart. The Yb—N bond lengths are in the range 2.389 (6)–2.424 (5) Å. PMID:21201376

  8. Superconducting properties of the heavy-ions and neutron irradiated (Cu,C)Ba 2Ca n-1 Cu nO 2 n+4- δ ( n=3, 4 and 5)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kitô, Hijiri; Iyo, Akira; Hirai, Manabu; Crisan, A.; Tokumoto, Madoka; Okayasu, Satoru; Sasase, Masahito; Ihara, Hideo

    2002-10-01

    For further enhancement of critical currents density Jc and irreversibility field Hirr of (Cu 1- xC x) Ba 2Ca n-1 Cu nO 2 n+4- δ ((Cu,C)-( n-1) n, n=3, 4 and 5) family, pinning centers were introduced by ion and neutron irradiation in these compounds. The polycrystalline samples were irradiated with 3.6×10 17 neutrons/cm 2 or with Au 15+ ions (240 MeV energy) at a fluence of 1×10 11 ions/cm 2. Jc and Hirr were determined for the irradiated samples as well as unirradiated samples. The intragrain Jc was evaluated from M- H curves using Bean's critical state model. In (Cu,C)-12( n-1) n, Jc (77 K, 1 T) shows a remarkable increase from 3.9×10 4 to 9.1×10 5 A/cm 2 for neutron irradiated (Cu,C)-1234 and from 3.9×10 4 to 4.1×10 6 A/cm 2 for heavy-ion irradiated (Cu,C)-1234. These results indicate the possibility of further enhancement of Jc and of achieving a very high Hirr of (Cu,C)-1234 in (Cu,C)-12( n-1) n family.

  9. Hybrid baryons in QCD

    DOE PAGES

    Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.

    2012-03-21

    In this study, we present the first comprehensive study of hybrid baryons using lattice QCD methods. Using a large basis of composite QCD interpolating fields we extract an extensive spectrum of baryon states and isolate those of hybrid character using their relatively large overlap onto operators which sample gluonic excitations. We consider the spectrum of Nucleon and Delta states at several quark masses finding a set of positive parity hybrid baryons with quantum numbersmore » $$N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{1/2^+},\\,N_{3/2^+},\\, N_{3/2^+},\\,N_{5/2^+},\\,$$ and $$\\Delta_{1/2^+},\\, \\Delta_{3/2^+}$$ at an energy scale above the first band of `conventional' excited positive parity baryons. This pattern of states is compatible with a color octet gluonic excitation having $$J^{P}=1^{+}$$ as previously reported in the hybrid meson sector and with a comparable energy scale for the excitation, suggesting a common bound-state construction for hybrid mesons and baryons.« less

  10. Flight evaluation of the terminal guidance system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sandlin, D. R.

    1981-01-01

    The terminal guidance system (TGS) is avionic equipment which gives guidance along a curved descending flight path to a landing. A Cessna 182 was used as the test aircraft and the TGS was installed and connected to the altimeter, DME, RMI, and gyro compass. Approaches were flown by three different pilots. When the aircraft arrives at the termination point, it is set up on final approach for a landing. The TGS provides guidance for curved descending approaches with guideslopes of 6 deg which required, for experienced pilots, workloads that are approximately the same as for an ILS. The glideslope is difficult to track within 1/2 n.m. of the VOR/DME station. The system permits, for experienced pilots, satisfactory approaches with a turn radius as low as 1/2 n.m. and a glideslope of 6 deg. Turn angles have little relation to pilot workload for curved approaches. Pilot experience is a factor for curved approaches. Pilots with low instrument time have difficulty flying steep approaches with small turn radius. Turbulence increases the pilot workload for curved approaches. The TGS does not correct to a given flight path over the ground nor does it adequately compensate for wind drift.

  11. Conformation of epicinchonine and cinchonine in view of their antimalarial activity: x-ray and theoretical studies.

    PubMed

    Kowalik, J T; Lipińska, T; Oleksyn, B J; Sliwiński, J

    1999-01-01

    X-ray structure analysis was carried out for a single crystal of 9-epi-10,11-dihydrocinchonine in the form of free base obtained by stereoselective interconversion of cinchonine via 9-O-tosylcinchonine. An intramolecular hydrogen bond was found between the carbinol hydroxyl group, -O12-H12, and the quinuclidine nitrogen atom, N1, with the parameters: O12...N1=2.688(3)A, O12-H12=0.84(4)A, N1...H12=2.11(4)A and O12-H12...N1=126(3) degrees. Theoretical calculations for isolated molecules of epicinchonine and cinchonine with the use of AM1 semiempirical method and comparative studies of the crystal structures have shown that the conformation of the alkaloid molecules with respect to the C8-C9 bond depends on the absolute configuration at C9. The conformation with respect to the C9-C16 bond depends on the protonation of N1 for threo but not for erythro alkaloids. It was established that the ability to form inter- or intramolecular hydrogen bonds is determined by the energetically preferred conformations of erythro and threo alkaloids, respectively. In most cases the conformations preferred for erythro alkaloids are energetically forbidden for their threo epimers and vice versa. The differences in conformation and capability to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds may explain why their antimalarial activities are incomparable.

  12. Adducts of hexamethylenetetramine with ferrocenecarboxylic acid and ferrocene-1,1'-dicarboxylic acid: multiple disorder in space groups Fmm2 and Cmcm.

    PubMed

    Zakaria, Choudhury M; Ferguson, George; Lough, Alan J; Glidewell, Christopher

    2003-07-01

    Hexamethylenetetramine, C(6)H(12)N(4), and ferrocenecarboxylic acid, C(11)H(10)FeO(2), form a 1:2 adduct, (I), which is a salt, viz. hexamethylenetetraminium(2+) bis(ferrocenecarboxylate), (C(6)H(14)N(4))[Fe(C(5)H(5))(C(6)H(4)O(2))](2). The dication in (I) is disordered with two orientations at a site of mm2 symmetry in space group Fmm2, while the anion lies across a mirror plane with its unsubstituted cyclopentadienyl ring disordered over two sets of sites. With ferrocene-1,1'-dicarboxylic acid, C(12)H(10)FeO(4), hexamethylenetetramine forms a 1:1 adduct, (II), in which both components are neutral, viz. hexamethylenetetramine-ferrocene-1,1'-dicarboxylic acid (1/1), [Fe(C(6)H(5)O(2))(2)].C(6)H(12)N(4). The amine component in (II) is disordered with two orientations at a site of mm2 symmetry in space group Cmcm, while the acid component is disordered with two orientations at a site of 2/m symmetry. The components in (I) are linked into a finite three-ion aggregate by a single N-H.O hydrogen bond, while the components of (II) are linked into continuous chains by a single O-H.N hydrogen bond.

  13. Three isotypic polymeric complexes with rare earth cations, but-2-enoate anions and 4,4'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)dipyridine and 4,4'-(ethene-1,2-diyl)dipyridine bridging ligands.

    PubMed

    Atria, Ana María; Garland, Maria Teresa; Baggio, Ricardo

    2015-04-01

    Three isotypic rare earth complexes, catena-poly[[aquabis(but-2-enoato-κ(2)O,O')yttrium(III)]-bis(μ-but-2-enoato)-κ(3)O,O':O;κ(3)O:O,O'-[aquabis(but-2-enoato-κ(2)O,O')yttrium(III)]-μ-4,4'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)dipyridine-κ(2)N:N'], [Y2(C4H5O2)6(C12H12N2)(H2O)2], the gadolinium(III) analogue, [Gd2(C4H5O2)6(C12H12N2)(H2O)2], and the gadolinium(III) analogue with a 4,4'-(ethene-1,2-diyl)dipyridine bridging ligand, [Gd2(C4H5O2)6(C12H10N2)(H2O)2], are one-dimensional coordination polymers made up of centrosymmetric dinuclear [M(but-2-enoato)3(H2O)]2 units (M = rare earth), further bridged by centrosymmetric 4,4'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)dipyridine or 4,4'-(ethene-1,2-diyl)dipyridine spacers into sets of chains parallel to the [201̄] direction. There are intra-chain and inter-chain hydrogen bonds in the structures, the former providing cohesion of the linear arrays and the latter promoting the formation of broad planes parallel to (010).

  14. Deep Microbial Ecosystems in the U.S. Great Basin: A Second Home for Desulforudis audaxviator?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moser, D. P.

    2012-12-01

    Deep subsurface microbial ecosystems have attracted scientific and public interest in recent years. Of deep habitats so far investigated, continental hard rock environments may be the least understood. Our Census of Deep Life (CoDL) project targets deep microbial ecosystems of three little explored (for microbiology), North American geological provinces: the Basin and Range, Black Hills, and Canadian Shield. Here we focus on the Basin and Range, specifically radioactive fluids from nuclear device test cavities (U12N.10 tunnel and ER-EC-11) at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) and non-radioactive samples from a deep dolomite aquifer associated with Death Valley, CA (BLM-1 and Nevares Deep Well 2). Six pyrotag sequencing runs were attempted at the Marine Biology Lab (MBL) (bacterial v6v4 amplification for all sites and archaeal v6v4 amplification for BLM-1 and Nevares DW2). Of these, DNA extracts from five samples (all but Nevares DW2 Arch) successfully amplified. Bacterial libraries were generally dominated by Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Nitrospirae (ER-EC-11: Proteobacteria (45%), Deinococcus-Thermus (35%), Firmicutes (15%); U12N.10: Proteobacteria (37%), Firmicutes (32%), Nitrospirae (15%), Bacteroidetes (11%); BLM-1 (Bact): Firmicutes (93%); and Nevares DW2: Firmicutes (51%), Proteobacteria (16%), Nitrospirae (15%)). The BLM-1 (Arch) library contained >99% Euryarchaeota, with 98% of sequences represented by a single uncharacterized species of Methanothermobacter. Alpha diversity was calculated using the MBL VAMPS (Visualization and Analysis of Microbial Population Structures) system; showing the highest richness at both the phylum and genus levels in U12N.10 (Sp = 42; Sg = 341), and the lowest (Sp = 3; Sg = 11) in the BLM-1(Arch) library. Diversity was covered well at this depth of sequencing (~20,000 reads per sample) based on rarefaction analysis. One Firmicute lineage, candidatus D. audaxviator, has been shown to dominate microbial communities from

  15. Subclassification of stage IV gastric cancer (IVa, IVb, and IVc) and prognostic significance of substages.

    PubMed

    Ma, Yan; Xue, Yingwei; Li, Yanfeng; Lan, Xiuwen; Zhang, Yongle; Zhang, Ming

    2010-03-01

    Although the prognosis of stage IV gastric cancer is poor, some patients with stage IV gastric cancer had a long-term survival after gastrectomy. The objective of this study was to subclassify stage IV gastric cancer according to survival differences, evaluate the prognosis by substage, and identify the factors associated with patient survival in each substage. The data from 1,176 patients who underwent gastric resection for stage IV gastric cancer between 1988 and 2007 at Tumor Hospital of Harbin Medical University were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into three substages according to the survival differences: stage IVa (T1-2N3M0), stage IVb (T3N3M0 and T4N1-2M0), and stage IVc (T4N3M0 and TanyNanyM1). The clinicopathological characteristics as well as survival of the patients were evaluated retrospectively by substage. There were no significant differences in survival among T3N3M0, T4N1M0, and T4N2M0 groups (p = 0.884) and between T4N3M0 and TanyNanyM1 groups (p = 0.192). The 5-year survival rates in stage IVa (T1-2N3M0), stage IVb (T3N3M0 and T4N1-2M0), and stage IVc (T4N3M0 and TanyNanyM1) were 22.7%, 9.9%, and 2.2%, respectively (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed the following independent prognostic factors for survival: subclassification, operation type, number of retrieved lymph nodes, curability, and chemotherapy for stage IV gastric cancer; curability, chemotherapy, and number of retrieved lymph nodes for stage IVa and IVb; chemotherapy and operation type for stage IVc. For 406 patients with curative resection in stage IVa and IVb, hematogenous recurrence (35.9%) was the dominant recurrence pattern in stage IVa, whereas the most common patterns of recurrence were peritoneal (40.8%) and locoregional recurrence (31.8%) in stage IVb. Subclassification of stage IV gastric cancer into IVa (T1-2N3M0), IVb (T3N3M0 and T4N1-2M0), and IVc (T4N3M0, TanyNanyM1) may be helpful to predict the outcome and determine the therapeutic strategies for patients with stage IV gastric cancer.

  16. Structures of CoII and ZnII complexes of the proton-transfer compound derived from pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid and piperazine.

    PubMed

    Ghadermazi, Mohammad; Gharamaleki, Jafar Attar; Olmstead, Marilyn M; Almasi, Mehdi

    2015-07-01

    The reaction of the proton-transfer compound piperazine-1,4-diium pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylate 4.5-hydrate, C4H12N2(2+)·C6H2N2O4(2-)·4.5H2O or (pipzH2)(pyzdc)·4.5H2O (pyzdcH2 is pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid and pipz is piperazine), (I), with Zn(NO3)2·6H2O and CoCl2·6H2O results in the formation of bis(piperazine-1,4-diium) bis(μ-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylato)-κ(3)N(1),O(2):O(3);κ(3)O(3):N(1),O(2)-bis[aqua(pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylato-κ(2)N(1),O(2))zinc(II)] decahydrate, (C4H12N2)2[Zn2(C6H2N2O4)4(H2O)2]·10H2O or (pipzH2)2[Zn(pyzdc)2(H2O)]2·10H2O, (II), and catena-poly[piperazine-1,4-diium [cobalt(II)-bis(μ-pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylato)-κ(3)N(1),O(2):O(3);κ(3)O(3):N(1),O(2)] hexahydrate], {(C4H12N2)[Co(C6H2N2O4)2]·6H2O}n or {(pipzH2)[Co(pyzdc)2]·6H2O}n, (III), respectively. In (I), pyzdcH2 is doubly deprotonated on reaction with piperazine as a base. Compound (II) crystallizes as a dimer, whereas compound (III) exists as a one-dimensional coordination polymer. In (II), two pyzdc(2-) groups chelate to each of the two Zn(II) atoms through a ring N atom and an O atom of the 2-carboxylate group. In one ligand, the adjacent 3-carboxylate group bridges to a neighbouring metal atom. A water molecule ligates in the sixth coordination site. The structure of (II) can be described as a commensurate superlattice due to an ordering in the hydrogen-bonded network. In (III), no water is coordinated to the metal atom and the coordination sphere is comprised of two N,O-chelates plus two bridging O atoms. A large number of hydrogen bonds are observed in all three compounds. These interactions, as well as π-π and C=O...π stacking interactions, play important structural roles.

  17. Low-dimensional hydrogen-bonded structures in the 1:1 and 1:2 proton-transfer compounds of 4,5-dichlorophthalic acid with the aliphatic Lewis bases triethylamine, diethylamine, n-butylamine and piperidine.

    PubMed

    Smith, Graham; Wermuth, Urs D

    2010-07-01

    The structures of the proton-transfer compounds of 4,5-dichlorophthalic acid (DCPA) with the aliphatic Lewis bases triethylamine, diethylamine, n-butylamine and piperidine, namely triethylaminium 2-carboxy-4,5-dichlorobenzoate, C(6)H(16)N(+) x C(8)H(3)Cl(2)O(4)(-), (I), diethylaminium 2-carboxy-4,5-dichlorobenzoate, C(4)H(12)N(+) x C(8)H(3)Cl(2)O(4)(-), (II), bis(butanaminium) 4,5-dichlorobenzene-1,2-dicarboxylate monohydrate, 2C(4)H(12)N(+) x C(8)H(2)Cl(2)O(4)(2-) x H(2)O, (III), and bis(piperidinium) 4,5-dichlorobenzene-1,2-dicarboxylate monohydrate, 2C(5)H(12)N(+) x C(8)H(2)Cl(2)O(4)(2-) x H(2)O, (IV), have been determined at 200 K. All compounds have hydrogen-bonding associations, giving discrete cation-anion units in (I) and linear chains in (II), while (III) and (IV) both have two-dimensional structures. In (I), a discrete cation-anion unit is formed through an asymmetric R(1)(2)(4) N(+)-H...O(2) hydrogen-bonding association, whereas in (II), chains are formed through linear N-H...O associations involving both aminium H-atom donors. In compounds (III) and (IV), the primary N-H...O-linked cation-anion units are extended into a two-dimensional sheet structure via amide-carboxyl N-H...O and amide-carbonyl N-H...O interactions. In the 1:1 salts (I) and (II), the hydrogen 4,5-dichlorophthalate anions are essentially planar with short intramolecular carboxyl-carboxyl O-H...O hydrogen bonds [O...O = 2.4223 (14) and 2.388 (2) A, respectively]. This work provides a further example of the uncommon zero-dimensional hydrogen-bonded DCPA-Lewis base salt and the one-dimensional chain structure type, while even with the hydrate structures of the 1:2 salts with the primary and secondary amines, the low dimensionality generally associated with 1:1 DCPA salts is also found.

  18. Effects of chemical alteration on fracture mechanical properties in hydrothermal systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Callahan, O. A.; Eichhubl, P.; Olson, J. E.

    2015-12-01

    Fault and fracture networks often control the distribution of fluids and heat in hydrothermal and epithermal systems, and in related geothermal and mineral resources. Additional chemical influences on conduit evolution are well documented, with dissolution and precipitation of mineral species potentially changing the permeability of fault-facture networks. Less well understood are the impacts of chemical alteration on the mechanical properties governing fracture growth and fracture network geometry. We use double-torsion (DT) load relaxation tests under ambient air conditions to measure the mode-I fracture toughness (KIC) and subcritical fracture growth index (SCI) of variably altered rock samples obtained from outcrop in Dixie Valley, NV. Samples from southern Dixie Valley include 1) weakly altered granite, characterized by minor sericite in plagioclase, albitization and vacuolization of feldspars, and incomplete replacement of biotite with chlorite, and 2) granite from an area of locally intense propylitic alteration with chlorite-calcite-hematite-epidote assemblages. We also evaluated samples of completely silicified gabbro obtained from the Dixie Comstock epithermal gold deposit. In the weakly altered granite KIC and SCI are 1.3 ±0.2 MPam1/2 (n=8) and 59 ±25 (n=29), respectively. In the propylitic assemblage KIC is reduced to 0.6 ±0.1 MPam1/2 (n=11), and the SCI increased to 75 ±36 (n = 33). In both cases, the altered materials have lower fracture toughness and higher SCI than is reported for common geomechanical standards such as Westerly Granite (KIC ~1.7 MPam1/2; SCI ~48). Preliminary analysis of the silicified gabbro shows a significant increase in fracture toughness, 3.6 ±0.4 MPam1/2 (n=2), and SCI, 102 ±45 (n=19), compared to published values for gabbro (2.9 MPam1/2 and SCI = 32). These results suggest that mineralogical and textural changes associated with different alteration assemblages may result in spatially variable rates of fracture initiation and growth in different parts of hydrothermal systems. Contrasting fracture mechanical properties between alteration assemblages may constitute a new mechanism of chemical-mechanical feedback that contributes to the localization of conduits in hydrothermal systems.

  19. Prevalence of β-Lactamase Producing Escherichia coli from Retail Meat in Turkey.

    PubMed

    Pehlivanlar Önen, Sevda; Aslantaş, Özkan; Şebnem Yılmaz, Ebru; Kürekci, Cemil

    2015-09-01

    Extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and plasmid-mediated AmpC β-lactamase (pAmpC) producing Escherichia coli have been shown to be present in humans and animals representing a significant problem worldwide. This study aimed to search the presence of ESBL and/or AmpC-producing E. coli in retail meats (chicken and beef) in Turkey. A total of 88 β-lactamase-producing E. coli were isolated from chicken (n = 81/100) and beef meat (n = 7/100) samples and their susceptibility to several antimicrobials were tested using disc diffusion method. E. coli isolates were further characterized for their phylogenetic groups. β-Lactamase encoding (blaTEM , blaSHV , blaOXA , blaCTX-M , and blaAmpC ) and quinolone resistance genes (qnrA, qnrB, qnrS, qepA, and acc(6')-Ib-cr) were also secreened by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). However, in regard to β-lactamase genes, 84 of 88 isolates were positive for blaCTX-M-1 (n = 39), blaCTX-M-3 (n = 5), blaCTX-M-15 (n = 4), blaTEM-1b (n = 2), blaSHV-12 (n = 1), blaCTX-M-1 /blaTEM-1b (n = 10), blaCTX-M-1 /blaTEM-1b /blaSHV-5 (n = 1), blaCTX-M-1 /blaCMY-2 (n = 1) and blaTEM-1b /blaCMY-2 (n = 6), blaCTX-M-15 /blaSHV-12 (n = 1), blaCTX-M-15 /blaTEM-1b (n = 1), blaTEM-1b /blaSHV-12 (n = 1), and blaCMY-2 (n = 12) genes. Resistance to cefuroxime (75.6% and 85.7%), nalidixic acid (89% and 85.7%), tetracycline (91.4% and 100%), streptomycin (40.2% and 100%), and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (36.6% and 85.7%) was observed among strains isolated from chicken and beef, respectively. However, all isolates were found to be susceptible to amikacin, imipenem, and cefepime. Resistance to ampicillin and cefoxitin was significantly linked to blaCMY-2 gene, while there was a significant correlation between CTX-M type ESBL and antimicrobial resistance to cefuroxime and streptomycin (P < 0.05). The results of this study suggest that raw chicken retail meats are highly contaminated with ESBL-producing E. coli implementing a great risk to human health in

  20. Isospin decomposition of γN→N* transitions within a dynamical coupled-channels model

    DOE PAGES

    Kamano, Hiroyuki; Nakamura, S. X.; Lee, T. -S. H.; ...

    2016-07-07

    Here, by extending the dynamical coupled-channels analysis performed in our previous work to include the available data of photoproduction of pi mesons off neutrons, the transition amplitudes for the photoexcitation of the neutron-to-nucleon resonances, γn → N*, at the resonance pole positions are determined. The combined fits to the data for both the proton- and neutron-target reactions also revise our results for the resonance pole positions and the γp → N* transition amplitudes. Our results allow an isospin decomposition of the γN → N* transition amplitudes for the isospin I = 1/2 N* resonances, which is necessary for testing hadronmore » structure models and gives crucial inputs for constructing models of neutrino-induced reactions in the nucleon resonance region.« less

  1. Trinitratobis{N'-[1-(2-pyridyl)ethylidene]isonicotinohydrazide}cerium(III): a three-dimensional cerium-organic supramolecular structure.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ying Ying; Liu, Shi Xiong

    2009-07-01

    The Ce(III) ion in the title complex, [Ce(NO(3))(3)(C(13)H(12)N(4)O)(2)], is 12-coordinated by six chelating nitrate O atoms and six donors (2 O and 4 N atoms) of two N'-[1-(2-pyridyl)ethylidene]isonicotinohydrazide ligands, exhibiting a bicapped pentagonal-antiprism-type coordination geometry. The title complex possesses C(2) point symmetry and is located on a twofold crystallographic axis. Each molecule is linked with four surrounding molecules by four N-H...N hydrogen bonds, resulting in an extended two-dimensional layer parallel to the ab plane, while pi-pi interactions between pyridine rings from neighboring complex molecules connect the two-dimensional layers into a three-dimensional cerium-organic supramolecular structure.

  2. cis-Dichloridobis­(5,5′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipyridine)­manganese(II) 2.5-hydrate

    PubMed Central

    Lopes, Lívia Batista; Corrêa, Charlane Cimini; Diniz, Renata

    2011-01-01

    The metal site in the title compound [MnCl2(C12H12N2)2]·2.5H2O has a distorted octa­hedral geometry, coordinated by four N atoms of two 5,5′-dimethyl-2,2′-dipyridine ligands and two Cl atoms. Two and a half water molecules of hydration per complex unit are observed in the crystal structure. The compounds extend along the c axis with O—H⋯Cl, O—H⋯O, C—H⋯Cl and C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and π–π inter­actions [centroid-centroid distance = 3.70 (2) Å] contributing substanti­ally to the crystal packing. The Mn and one of the water O atoms, the latter being half-occupied, are located on special positions, in this case a rotation axis of order 2. PMID:21836893

  3. Triterpenoidal alkaloids from Buxus hyrcana and their enzyme inhibitory, anti-fungal and anti-leishmanial activities.

    PubMed

    Ata, Athar; Iverson, Chad D; Kalhari, Kosmulalage S; Akhter, Sarfraz; Betteridge, Jordan; Meshkatalsadat, Mohammad Hadi; Orhan, Ilkay; Sener, Bilge

    2010-10-01

    From the aerial parts of Buxus hyrcana, three triterpenoidal alkaloids, 17-oxo-3-benzoylbuxadine (1), buxhyrcamine (2), and 31-demethylcyclobuxoviridine (3), along with 16 known compounds, cyclobuxoviridine (4), N(b)-dimethylcyclobuxoviricine (5), E-buxenone (6), Z-buxenone (7), moenjodaramine (8), homomoenjodarmine (9), buxamine A (10), buxamine B (11), 31-hydroxybuxamine B (12), N(20)-formylbuxaminol E (13), papillozine C (14), buxmicrophylline F (15), buxrugulosamine (16), cyclobuxophylline O (17), spirofornabuxine (18) and arbora-1,9(11)-dien-3-one (19) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by using NMR spectroscopic methods. All of the compounds exhibited moderate to weak acetylcholinesterase, butyrylcholinesterase and glutathione S-transferase inhibitory activities. Compounds 1-19 also exhibited modest anti-fungal activities against Candidaalbicans. Compounds 1, 2, 8, 9 and 18 also exhibited weak anti-leishmanial activity.

  4. Efficient high-performance liquid chromatography with liquid-liquid partition cleanup method for the determination of pymetrozine in tobacco.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xian; Cheng, Xinsheng; Wang, Chuanqin; Xi, Zheng; Li, Qiuhua

    2007-01-01

    For the first time, a novel, simple and reliable method for analysis of pymetrozine residues in flue-cured tobacco leaves has been developed utilizing HPLC-UV with liquid-liquid partition cleanup. Pre-treatment with ultrasonic extraction and liquid-liquid partition procedures gave preferable baseline separation and clean chromatograms by removing water-soluble and fat-soluble components which interfere with pymetrozine in the test. The performance of the method was evaluated and validated: the detection limit (LOD) was 0.005 microg x mL(-1), the relative standard deviation (RSD) was 1.2% (n = 5), and the overall recovery was above 90% at fortification levels of 0.200, 0.500, 1.000, and 5.000 mg x kg(-1). The proposed method was successfully employed for the determination of pymetrozine residues in twelve flue-cured tobacco samples collected from different regions of China.

  5. Antineoplastic activity of didemnin congeners: nordidemnin and modified chain analogues.

    PubMed

    Jouin, P; Poncet, J; Dufour, M N; Aumelas, A; Pantaloni, A; Cros, S; François, G

    1991-02-01

    Nordidemnin (2), a natural analogue of the marine cyclodepsipeptide didemnin B (1b), showed cytotoxic activity against L1210 leukemia and antineoplastic activity against P388 leukemia as well as B16 melanoma; nordidemnin (2) was as active as didemnin B (1b). The influence of synthetic modifications in the linear peptidic chain on in vitro and in vivo activity was also studied. Replacement of the terminal lactyl residue by mandelyl and 3-(p-hydroxyphenyl)propionyl residues in compounds 3 and 4, respectively, did not affect the cytotoxic activity against L1210 leukemia (ID50 of 1.1 nM and 1.2 nM, respectively) or the in vivo activity against P388 leukemia. Unlike these aromatic substituants, the lipophilic palmityl residue induced a dramatic loss in cytotoxic activity. The inverted chirality of the MeLeu joining residue in compound 6 caused a marked reduction in the in vitro activity.

  6. Dynamic study of rectally absorbed ammonia in liver cirrhosis using (13N)ammonia and a positron camera

    SciTech Connect

    Koen, H.; Okuda, K.; Musha, H.; Tateno, Y.; Fukuda, N.; Matsumoto, T.; Shisido, F.; Rikitake, T,; Iinuma, T.; Kurisu, A.; Arimizu, N.

    1980-11-01

    (13N)Ammonia produced by the cyclotron was instilled intrarectally in patients with cirrhosis and other liver diseases to study the turnover of rectally absorbed (12N)ammonia. In the control, (13N)ammonia was absorbed quickly and visualized the liver, whereas in patients with cirrhosis, the lungs and heart were first visualized, and 13N activity over the head was also higher. It was suggested that a large proportion of absorbed (13N)ammonia bypassed hepatocytes and reached peripheral tissues in cirrhosis. The heart/liver ratio of 13N and 13N over the head were correlated with various indices of portal hypertension. The relative proportion of nonammonia 13N metabolites in blood was lower at 5 and 15 min after administration in cirrhosis, suggesting a reduced capacity of the liver to remove and metabolize ammonia.

  7. Word Frequency Analysis MOS: 17C. Skill Levels 1 & 2.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-05-01

    rVERLAPPING 5 OVERLAY 3 nVT’LAYS 7 nVERWATCH 6 OWN 23 P I Ph 7 P AC IN W- PACKAGES I PAr.KET I P vily 77 P AGE LQ PArFS 2 PAIN I PAI4T I PAIPNTED 1...rntJNII wnRp𔃻 COUNT? WORD2 CC ON T3 w~p n 3 rrIuNTA WCR04 2 OVERt APPINr. 2 nYPFRUATCH 2 PACING > P VErGEc-S - 2 PAIN 2 PAIR p AAPER I PITIL 2 P ARTI...CLOSING 13 GROI )ND 13 -SiRVT 13 S~TPS 13 SWITCH 12 nOIST ANCE 12 14VIGHT d 12 LOCATIOn4 12 NCTE 17 PFrIL It1 PrSTITI nN 11 AN it APPROPRIATE 11 AREA

  8. S-5-Amino-2-(dimethyl­ammonio)phenyl sulfothio­ate

    PubMed Central

    Pavlović, Gordana; Racané, Livio; Tralić-Kulenović, Vesna

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C8H12N2O3S2, has been isolated as a by-product in the synthesis of methyl­ene blue dye. The compound crystallizes with four independent mol­ecules in the unit cell (Z′= 4). The zwitterionic form of the mol­ecule was established on the basis of the hydrogen atom located at the dimethyl­amino group. The crystal structure is dominated by inter­molecular hydrogen bonds of the N—H⋯O type formed between amino and ammonio N—H groups and O atoms from the sulfothio­ate group. There are in addition two weak inter­molecular N—H⋯N inter­actions and some non-conventional C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds. PMID:21583128

  9. S-2-Amino-5-(dimethyl­ammonio)phenyl sulfothio­ate

    PubMed Central

    Pavlović, Gordana; Racané, Livio; Tralić-Kulenović, Vesna

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C8H12N2O3S2, has been isolated as an inter­mediate in the synthesis of methyl­ene blue dye, the best known phenothia­zine dye, and structurally characterized as a zwitterion. The crystal structure is dominated by inter­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds between the amine and sulfothio­ate groups, with graph-set motif C(9)R 2 2(8), involving anti­parallel chains and a centrosymmetric eight-membered ring. A hydrogen bond with graph-set motif R 2 2(14) between the ammonium and sulfothio­ate groups completes the two-dimensional network in the ab plane. Inter­molecular C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds are also present in the crystal. PMID:21583084

  10. Dicarbon­yl(hexa­methyl­ene-1,3,5,7-tetra­mine-κN 1)(η5-penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dien­yl)iron(II) tetra­fluoridoborate

    PubMed Central

    M’thiruaine, Cyprian M.; Friedrich, Holger B.; Changamu, Evans O.; Fernandes, Manuel A.

    2012-01-01

    In the title compound, [Fe(C10H15)(C6H12N4)(CO)2]BF4, the arrangement around the FeII atom corresponds to a three-legged piano stool. The penta­methyl­cyclo­penta­dienyl (Cp*) ligand occupies three coordination sites, while two CO ligands and one N atom of the hexa­methyl­ene­tetra­mine ligand occupy the remaining coordination sites, completing a pseudo-octahedral geometry. Both the complex cation and the BF4 − anion reside on crystallographic mirror planes. The Fe—N bond length is 2.069 (2) and the Fe—Cp*(centroid) distance is 1.7452 (3) Å. PMID:22807762

  11. The Norwegian Labour Inspectorate's Registry for Work-Related Diseases: data from 2006.

    PubMed

    Samant, Yogindra; Parker, David; Wergeland, Ebba; Wannag, Axel

    2008-01-01

    The Norwegian Labour Inspectorates (NLI's) Registry for Work-Related Diseases was established in 1920. Based on the principle of sentinel health events (SHE), its central purpose is to provide information to the NLI to enable workplace interventions and the prevention of hazardous exposures. Although physicians are required to report work-related diseases to the NLI, only 3% did so in 2006. There were 3392 cases of work-related diseases reported to the NLI by 561 physicians in 2006. Diseases of the ear (noise-induced hearing loss) comprised 59% (n=1987) of the cases, while 12% (n=398) of the cases were attributed to the diseases of the respiratory system and 7% (n =239) were diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Despite limitations, the registry continues to inform NLI's prevention strategies, supplements data concerning work-environment surveillance, and provides impetus for epidemiological studies.

  12. Optical interferometry at the Heisenberg limit with twin Fock states and parity measurements

    SciTech Connect

    Campos, R. A.; Gerry, Christopher C.; Benmoussa, A.

    2003-08-01

    Holland and Burnett [Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1355 (1993)] have argued that twin Fock states of equal photon number N injected at both input ports of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer lead to phase measurements with accuracies approaching the Heisenberg limit {delta}{phi}{sub HL}=1/(2N). However, the method of phase detection suggested by those authors, obtaining the difference of the photocurrents at the output ports of the interferometer, is not sensitive to the phase difference between the two interferometer paths; in fact, the photocurrent vanishes. In this paper we show that the use of parity measurements on just one of the output modes not only is sensitive to the phase difference but that the sensitivity approaches the Heisenberg limit for large N.

  13. Fabrication of Poly (methyl methacrylate) and Poly(vinyl alcohol) Thin Film Capacitors on Flexible Substrates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salim, Bindu; Meenaa Pria KNJ, Jaisree; Alagappan, M.; Kandaswamy, A.

    2015-11-01

    Flexible electronics is becoming more popular with introduction of more and more organic conducting materials and processes for making thin films. The use of polymers as gate dielectric has over ruled the usage of conventional inorganic oxides in Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) on account of its solution process ability and ease of making highly insulating thin film. In this work Capacitance is fabricated with polymeric dielectrics namely poly (methyl methacrylate) - PMMA and poly (vinyl alcohol) - PVA. The electrodes used for these capacitors are Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) and Aluminium. Capacitance value of 9.5nF/cm2 and 33.12nF/cm2 is achieved for thickness of 510 nm of PMMA and 80 nm of PVA respectively. This study on capacitance can be used for assessing the suitability of these polymers as gate insulators in OTFTs.

  14. The role of minerals in the thermal alteration of organic matter. IV - Generation of n-alkanes, acyclic isoprenoids, and alkenes in laboratory experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huizinga, Bradley J.; Tannenbaum, Eli; Kaplan, Isaac R.

    1987-05-01

    The effect of common sedimentary minerals (illite, Na-montmorillonite, or calcite) under different water concentrations on the generation and release of n-alkanes, acyclic isoprenoids, and select alkenes from oil-prone kerogens was investigated. Matrices containing Green River Formation kerogen or Monterey Formation kerogen, alone or in the presence of minerals, were heated at 200 or 300 C for periods of up to 1000 hours, and the pyrolysis products were analyzed. The influence of the first two clay minerals was found to be critically dependent on the water content. Under the dry pyrolysis conditions, both minerals significantly reduced alkene formation; the C12+ n-alkanes and acyclic isoprenoids were mostly destroyed by montmorillonite, but underwent only minor alteration with illite. Under hydrous conditions (mineral/water of 2/1), the effects of both minerals were substantially reduced. Calcite had no significant effect on the thermal evolution of the hydrocarbons.

  15. The effects of Bi4Ti3O12 interfacial ferroelectric layer on the dielectric properties of Au/n-Si structures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gökçen, Muharrem; Yıldırım, Mert

    2015-06-01

    Au/n-Si metal-semiconductor (MS) and Au/Bi4Ti3O12/n-Si metal-ferroelectric-semiconductor (MFS) structures were fabricated and admittance measurements were held between 5 kHz and 1 MHz at room temperature so that dielectric properties of these structures could be investigated. The ferroelectric interfacial layer Bi4Ti3O12 decreased the polarization voltage by providing permanent dipoles at metal/semiconductor interface. Depending on different mechanisms, dispersion behavior was observed in dielectric constant, dielectric loss and loss tangent versus bias voltage plots of both MS and MFS structures. The real and imaginary parts of complex modulus of MFS structure take smaller values than those of MS structure, because permanent dipoles in ferroelectric layer cause a large spontaneous polarization mechanism. While the dispersion in AC conductivity versus frequency plots of MS structure was observed at high frequencies, for MFS structure it was observed at lower frequencies.

  16. Synthesis, characterization, and crystal structure of 2-amino-7-methyl-5-oxo-4-phenyl-4,5-dihydropyrano[3,2- c]pyran-3-carbonitrile

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sharma, S.; Banerjee, B.; Brahmachari, G.; Kant, Rajni; Gupta, V. K.

    2015-12-01

    2-Amino-7-methyl-5-oxo-4-phenyl-4,5-dihydropyrano[3,2- c]pyran-3-carbonitrile, C16H12N2O3 is synthesized via one-pot multi-component reaction at room temperature using commercially available urea as inexpensive and environmentally benign organo-catalyst. Its structure is determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique The crystals are monoclinic, a = 10.7357(12), b = 8.7774(8), c = 15.0759(16) Å, β = 103.575(11)°, Z = 4, sp. gr. P21/ n, R = 0.0551 for 1696 observed reflections. The crystal structure is stabilized by N-H···N, C-H···O, and C-H···π interactions.

  17. A Potent and Highly Efficacious Bcl-2/Bcl-xL Inhibitor

    PubMed Central

    McEachern, Donna; Yang, Chao-Yie; Meagher, Jennifer; Stuckey, Jeanne; Wang, Shaomeng

    2013-01-01

    Our previously reported Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitor, 4, effectively inhibited tumor growth but failed to achieve complete regression in vivo. We have now performed extensive modifications on its pyrrole core structure, which has culminated in the discovery of 32 (BM-1074). Compound 32 binds to Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL proteins with Ki values of < 1 nM and inhibits cancer cell growth with IC50 values of 1-2 nM in four small-cell lung cancer cell lines sensitive to potent and specific Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitors. Compound 32 is capable of achieving rapid, complete and durable tumor regression in vivo at a well-tolerated dose-schedule. Compound 32 is the most potent and efficacious Bcl-2/Bcl-xL inhibitor reported to date. PMID:23448298

  18. Strong profiling is not mathematically optimal for discovering rare malfeasors

    SciTech Connect

    Press, William H

    2008-01-01

    In a large population of individuals labeled j = 1,2,...,N, governments attempt to find the rare malfeasor j = j, (terrorist, for example) by making use of priors p{sub j} that estimate the probability of individual j being a malfeasor. Societal resources for secondary random screening such as airport search or police investigation are concentrated against individuals with the largest priors. They may call this 'strong profiling' if the concentration is at least proportional to p{sub j} for the largest values. Strong profiling often results in higher probability, but otherwise innocent, individuals being repeatedly subjected to screening. They show here that, entirely apart from considerations of social policy, strong profiling is not mathematically optimal at finding malfeasors. Even if prior probabilities were accurate, their optimal use would be only as roughly the geometric mean between a strong profiling and a completely uniform sampling of the population.

  19. Baryonic Spectroscopy at BESIII

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Fang

    Based on 106 million Ψ(3686) events collected with BESIII detector at BEPCII, some results on excited baryons from the partial wave analysis are presented. In the decay of ψ(3686) to pbar{p}π 0, two new baryonic excited states, Jpc = 1/2 + N(2300) and Jpc = 5/2 - N(2570) are significant, and additional 5 well known N* excited states are observed. In ψ(3686) to pbar{p}η , an excited-nucleon state N(1535) is dominant. In ψ(3686) to K - Λ bar{Ξ} + + c.c., two hyperons Ξ(1690) and Ξ(1820) are observed. In ψ(3686) to Λ bar{Σ }π + c.c., some excited strange baryons bar{Λ }* and Σ* are measured on the Σ+π- and Λπ- mass spectra.

  20. Crystal chemistry of the natural vanadium bronzes

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Evans, H.T.; Hughes, J.M.

    1990-01-01

    The crystal chemistry of the natural vanadium bronze minerals is reviewed on the basis of published information and new studies (mainly by X-ray powder-diffraction methods) using type material wherever possible. The known V bronze minerals are divided into three categories: 1) the hewettite group, 2) the straczekite group, 3) other structure types including navajoite, schubnelite, fervanite, shcherbinaite, bannermanite, and melanovanadite. All known structures associated with the fibrous V bronzes (fiber spacing 3.6 A??) can be considered as various lateral linkages (into sheets or networks) of only two types of polyvanadate chains: 1) a divanadate chain (V2O6)n consisting of alternating square pyramids, and 2) a tetravanadate chain (V4O12)n consisting of four highly condensed single octahedral chains. -from Authors

  1. Flight Engineer, Performance Qualified Career Ladder, AFS 113XOC.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-06-01

    O 2 * * * .N0* * 4N 4 N04 0’~’-0 N o ’-z 0 U ~ N 0NN* 40 4 ~ NN0N 0 0 0 0% * -. * -*400* e... o ~ N NN~ NNNC~ 0 0 0 U 0 401 N NNNON* NNO 4 NON ONWN* * ~NI U 0 4 0 1.2 *N** NO%0* NOW 4 N41~% 0004* * I- 2o 0 J!I~~ I 4 N.NN00* NOW 4 N4N 0N04N * 0...8217 C-4 - ’C4 c- 020 o -- C4) W rj C.0 W 0 2 g sc- >0m A c 0- 4 t -4 b cnoF r. I~ WE 1-44 1. uCO 02- ~2222 22 2 2 22 U~ ~ W0 b 0 CLc I-- 19 100 0 -

  2. Control of friction at the nanoscale

    DOEpatents

    Barhen, Jacob; Braiman, Yehuda Y.; Protopopescu, Vladimir

    2010-04-06

    Methods and apparatus are described for control of friction at the nanoscale. A method of controlling frictional dynamics of a plurality of particles using non-Lipschitzian control includes determining an attribute of the plurality of particles; calculating an attribute deviation by subtracting the attribute of the plurality of particles from a target attribute; calculating a non-Lipschitzian feedback control term by raising the attribute deviation to a fractionary power .xi.=(2m+1)/(2n+1) where n=1, 2, 3 . . . and m=0, 1, 2, 3 . . . , with m strictly less than n and then multiplying by a control amplitude; and imposing the non-Lipschitzian feedback control term globally on each of the plurality of particles; imposing causes a subsequent magnitude of the attribute deviation to be reduced.

  3. Powder X-ray investigation of 4,4′-diisocyano-3,3′-dimethyl­biphen­yl

    PubMed Central

    Rukiah, Mwaffak; Al-Ktaifani, Mahmoud

    2013-01-01

    The title compound, C16H12N2, was investigated in a powder diffraction study and its structure refined utilizing the Rietveld Method. The mol­ecule has approximate C2 symmetry. The dihedral angle between the rings is 25.6 (7)°. The crystal packing is consolidated by weak C—H⋯C N hydrogen-bond-like contacts, which lead to the formation of a three-dimensional network. Further stabilization of the crystal structure is achived by weak non-covalent π–π inter­actions between aromatic rings, with a centroid–centroid distance of 3.839 (8) Å. PMID:23476590

  4. One-loop supergravity on AdS4 × S 7/ℤ k and comparison with ABJM theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, James T.; Zhao, Wenli

    2016-11-01

    The large- N limit of ABJM theory is holographically dual to M-theory on AdS4 × S 7/ℤ k . The 3-sphere partition function has been obtained via localization, and its leading behavior F ABJM (0) ˜ k 1/2 N 3/2 is exactly reproduced in the dual theory by tree-level supergravity. We extend this comparison to the sub-leading {O}({N}^0) order by computing the one-loop supergravity free energy as a function of k and comparing it with the ABJM result. Curiously, we find that the expressions do not match, with F SUGRA (1) ˜ k 6, while F ABJM (1) ˜ k 2. This suggests that the low-energy approximation Z M-theory = Z SUGRA breaks down at one-loop order.

  5. Crystal structure of 1-benzyl-4-formyl-1H-pyrrole-3-carb­oxamide

    PubMed Central

    Zhong, Qi-Di; Hu, Sheng-Quan; Yan, Hong

    2016-01-01

    In the title compound, C13H12N2O2 (I), the mean planes of the pyrrole and benzyl rings are approximately perpendicular, forming a dihedral angle of 87.07 (4) °. There is an intra­molecular N—H⋯O hydrogen bond forming an S(7) ring motif. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked via a pair of N—H⋯O hydrogen bonds forming inversion dimers. C—H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the dimers into chains along direction [10-1]. The chains are further linked by weak C—H⋯π inter­actions forming layers parallel to the ac plane. PMID:26958371

  6. Development and preliminary validation of the physiological hyperarousal scale for children.

    PubMed

    Laurent, Jeff; Catanzaro, Salvatore J; Joiner, Thomas E

    2004-12-01

    Considerable empirical support exists for the positive affect and negative affect components of the tripartite model of anxiety and depression proposed by L. A. Clark and D. Watson (1991); however, less attention has been paid to the physiological hyperarousal component of the model. The development of the Physiological Hyperarousal Scale for Children (PH-C; J. Laurent, S. J. Catanzaro, & T. E. Joiner Jr., 1995) is described. The psychometric properties of items are examined using students in Grades 6-12 (N = 398). Initial scale validation includes a joint factor analysis with the Positive and Negative Affect Scale for Children (PANAS-C; J. Laurent et al., 1999; J. Laurent, K. Potter, & S. J. Catanzaro, 1994). The relationship between the PH-C and existing measures that tap related constructs is examined. Together, the PH-C and PANAS-C provide a means to assess tripartite model constructs useful in differentiating anxiety and depression.

  7. Two isostructural carbamates: the o-tolyl N-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamate and 2-bromo-phenyl N-(pyridin-3-yl)carbamate monohydrates.

    PubMed

    Mocilac, Pavle; Gallagher, John F

    2015-11-01

    The title carbamate monohydrates, C13H12N2O2·H2O and C12H9BrN2O2·H2O, form isomorphous crystals that are isostructural in their primary hydrogen-bonding modes. In both carbamates, the primary hydrogen bonding and aggregation involves cyclic amide-water-pyridine moieties as (N-H⋯O-H⋯N)2 dimers about inversion centres [as R 4 (4)(14) rings], where the participation of strong hydrogen-bonding donors and acceptors is maximized. The remaining water-carbonyl O-H⋯O=C inter-action extends the aggregation into two-dimensional planar sheets that stack parallel to the (100) plane. The Br derivative does not participate in halogen bonding. A weak intra-molecular C-H⋯O hydrogen bond is observed in each compound.

  8. Cryptanalysis of a new circular quantum secret sharing protocol for remote agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhu, Zhen-Chao; Hu, Ai-Qun; Fu, An-Min

    2013-02-01

    In a recent paper (Lin and Hwang in Quantum Inf Process, 2012. doi:10.1007/s11128-012-0413-8), a new circular quantum secret sharing (QSS) protocol for remote agents was presented. The protocol is designed with entangling a Bell state and several single photons to form a multi-particle GHZ state. For each shared bit among n party, the qubit efficiency has reached 1/2 n + 1 which is the best among the current circular QSS protocol. They claim that the protocol is more suitable for a remote agents' environment as that the newly generated photons are powerful enough to reach to the next receiver. However, we show that the protocol is not secure as the first agent and the last agent in the protocol can illegally obtain all the secret messages without introducing any error.

  9. Capillary electrophoresis-electrochemistry microfluidic system for the determination of organic peroxides.

    PubMed

    Wang, Joseph; Escarpa, Alberto; Pumera, Martin; Feldman, Jason

    2002-04-05

    A microfluidic analytical system for the separation and detection of organic peroxides, based on a microchip capillary electrophoresis device with an integrated amperometric detector, was developed. The new microsystem relies on the reductive detection of both organic acid peroxides and hydroperoxides at -700 mV (vs. Ag wire/AgCl). Factors influencing the separation and detection processes were examined and optimized. The integrated microsystem offers rapid measurements (within 130 s) of these organic-peroxide compounds, down to micromolar levels. A highly stable response for repetitive injections (RSD 0.35-3.12%; n = 12) reflects the negligible electrode passivation. Such a "lab-on-a-chip" device should be attractive for on-site analysis of organic peroxides, as desired for environmental screening and industrial monitoring.

  10. Gradient corrections to the local-density approximation for trapped superfluid Fermi gases

    SciTech Connect

    Csordas, Andras; Almasy, Orsolya; Szepfalusy, Peter

    2010-12-15

    Two species superfluid Fermi gas is investigated on the BCS side up to the Feshbach resonance. Using the Greens's function technique gradient corrections are calculated to the generalized Thomas-Fermi theory including Cooper pairing. Their relative magnitude is found to be measured by the small parameter (d/R{sub TF}){sup 4}, where d is the oscillator length of the trap potential and R{sub TF} is the radial extension of the density n in the Thomas-Fermi approximation. In particular, at the Feshbach resonance the universal corrections to the local density approximation are calculated and a universal prefactor {kappa}{sub W}=7/27 is derived for the von Weizsaecker-type correction {kappa}{sub W}(({h_bar}/2{pi}){sup 2}/2m)({nabla}{sup 2}n{sup 1/2}/n{sup 1/2}).

  11. Targeting Cathepsin E in Pancreatic Cancer by a Small Molecule Allows In Vivo Detection12

    PubMed Central

    Keliher, Edmund J; Reiner, Thomas; Earley, Sarah; Klubnick, Jenna; Tassa, Carlos; Lee, Andrew J; Ramaswamy, Sridhar; Bardeesy, Nabeel; Hanahan, Douglas; DePinho, Ronald A; Castro, Cesar M; Weissleder, Ralph

    2013-01-01

    When resectable, invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is most commonly treated with surgery and radiochemotherapy. Given the intricate local anatomy and locoregional mode of dissemination, achieving clean surgical margins can be a significant challenge. On the basis of observations that cathepsin E (CTSE) is overexpressed in PDAC and that an United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved protease inhibitor has high affinity for CTSE, we have developed a CTSE optical imaging agent [ritonavir tetramethyl-BODIPY (RIT-TMB)] for potential intraoperative use. We show nanomolar affinity [half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 39.9 ± 1.2 nM] against CTSE of the RIT-TMB in biochemical assays and intracellular accumulation and target-to-background ratios that allow specific delineation of individual cancer cells. This approach should be useful for more refined surgical staging, planning, and resection with curative intent. PMID:23814481

  12. The first detection of the 3A g- state in carotenoids using resonance-Raman excitation profiles

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Furuichi, Kentaro; Sashima, Tokutake; Koyama, Yasushi

    2002-04-01

    The singlet 3A g- state that had been theoretically predicted in shorter polyenes [P. Tavan and K. Schulten J. Chem. Phys. 85 (1986) 6602; Phys. Rev. B 36 (1987) 4337] was first identified in bacterial carotenoids by measurements of resonance-Raman excitation profiles. It is almost overlapped with the 1B u+ state in spheroidene (the number of conjugated double bonds, n=10), and located in-between the 1B u+ and 1B u- states in lycopene, anhydrorhodovibrin and spirilloxanthin ( n=11-13). The slopes when the 2A g--, 1B u-- and 3A g--state energies were expressed as linear functions of 1/(2 n+1) exhibited the ratio of 2:3.1:3.8 in excellent agreement with that theoretically predicted, 2:3.1:3.7.

  13. The temperature-dependent single-crystal Raman spectroscopy of a model dipeptide: L-Alanyl-L-alanine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Silva, J. G.; Arruda, L. M.; Pinheiro, G. S.; Lima, C. L.; Melo, F. E. A.; Ayala, A. P.; Filho, J. Mendes; Freire, P. T. C.

    2015-09-01

    A single-crystal of peptide L-alanyl-L-alanine (C6H12N2O3) was studied by Raman spectroscopy at low-temperature, and a tentative assignment of the normal modes was given. Evidence of a second order structural phase transition was found through Raman spectroscopy between the temperatures of 80 K and 60 K. Group theory considerations suggest that the transition leads the sample from the tetragonal to a monoclinic structure. Additionally, our study suggests that the mechanism for the structural phase transition is governed by the occupation of non-equivalent C1 local symmetry sites by the CH3 molecular groups. Analysis based on group theory suggests L-alanyl-L-alanine presents C2 symmetry at low temperatures.

  14. Atmospheric boundary layer processes during a total solar eclipse

    SciTech Connect

    SethuRaman, S.; Prabhu, A.; Narahari Rao, K.; Narasimha, R.

    1980-01-01

    The total solar eclipse that occurred over the southern part of India on February 16, 1980, gave a unique opportunity to study the earth's atmospheric boundary layer. The meteorological experiments during the 1980 solar eclipse were conducted at Raichur, India (16/sup 0/12'N, 77/sup 0/21'E) located in the state of Karnataka, approximately 400-m above sea level. The main objective was to determine the changes in the earth's atmosphere during and immediately after the eclipse. The goal was to study the changes in the momentum and heat fluxes in the boundary layer due to the eclipse. Measurements were made for 2 days prior to and 1 day after the day of the eclipse to determine background characteristics of the boundary layer which might be site-dependent.

  15. Structural elucidation and electronic properties of two pyrazole derivatives: A combined X-ray, Hirshfeld surface analyses and quantum mechanical study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Seth, Saikat Kumar; Saha, Nitish Chandra; Ghosh, Soumen; Kar, Tanusree

    2011-04-01

    The crystal structures of two pyrazole derivatives, C 5H 10N 4O 2 ( 1), which is a neutral species and C 8H 12N 6O 3S ( 2), a nitrate salt, have been determined from single crystal X-ray analysis and their electronic structures were calculated at the DFT level with a detailed analysis of Hirshfeld surfaces and fingerprint plots facilitating a comparison of intermolecular interactions in building different supramolecular architectures. Investigation of intermolecular interactions and crystal packing via Hirshfeld surface analysis reveals that the close contacts are associated with weak interactions and the fingerprint plots demonstrate these weak interactions. The large HOMO-LUMO energy gap indicates a high kinetic stability of both the compounds in their electron transfer.

  16. [Lithogenicity and bile acid pattern in choleretic administration (3-n-butoxy-1-phenoxy-propanol: febuprol) in patients with functional right upper quadrant pain].

    PubMed

    Swobodnik, W; Wechsler, J G; Klüppelberg, U; Janowitz, P; Hutt, V; Ditschuneit, H

    1987-11-01

    10 patients with right upper quadrant pain were treated with a choleretic agent (Febuprol; 3 X 200 mg t. i. d.) and placebo in a cross-over double dummy technique for 16 weeks. Lithogenic index, bile acid profile and serum lipids were determined every 4 weeks. During Febuprol application the clinical symptoms were relieved (0.87 +/- 1.3 vs. 1.39 +/- 0.21 (placebo); p less than 0.05, semiquantitative score). Biliary lithogenicity (1.45 +/- 0.6 vs. 1.09 +/- 0.12; n. s.), bile acid profile and serum lipids showed no statistically significant change, although serum cholesterol levels seemed to fall during Febuprol application.

  17. Preliminary Studies of Thermoluminescence Dosimeter (TLD) CaSO4:Dy Synthesis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nuraeni, N.; Iskandar, F.; Waris, A.; Haryanto, F.

    2017-07-01

    Thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) CaSO4:Dy was synthesised by coprecipitation. The TLD was observed after radiation exposure to Strontium-90. The thermoluminescence intensity was read using a TLD Reader Harshaw 3500. The thermoluminescent response obtained was 59.29 nC. Then re-annealing was conducted with the temperature varied at 700, 800 and 900 °C. The thermoluminescent intensity obtained at temperatures of 700 °C, 800 °C and 900 °C was 66.12 nC, 169.45 nC, and 552.37 nC respectively. The sensitivity of the TLD increased in response to the re-annealing temperature rise. In addition to observing the thermoluminescence properties, a comparison was made between the TLD obtained from this experiment with an existing TLD in the market. Finally, also the glow-curve characteristics of the TLD were observed.

  18. Acetonitrile­bis­(2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phen­an­throline)copper(II) bis­(tetra­fluorido­borate)

    PubMed Central

    Watton, Stephen P.

    2010-01-01

    The title compound, [Cu(CH3CN)(C12H12N2)2](BF4)2, crystallizes with two copper-containing cations and four tetra­fluoro­borate anions in the asymmetric unit. The structure represents a second crystal form of the salt, the first being an acetonitrile solvate [Watton (2009 ▶). Acta Cryst. E65, m585–m586]. The complex cation has a distorted trigonal-bipyramidal geometry, whereas the previous structure exhibits a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. One of the four BF4 − counter-ions is disordered, with a refined site occupancy of 0.8615 (17):0.1385 (17). PMID:21588869

  19. All-optical controlled switching between time-periodic square waves in diode lasers with delayed feedback.

    PubMed

    Friart, Gaetan; Verschaffelt, Guy; Danckaert, Jan; Erneux, Thomas

    2014-11-01

    We investigate the square-wave (SW) self-modulation output of an edge-emitting diode laser subject to polarization rotated optical feedback in detail, both experimentally and theoretically. Our experimental results show that the 2τ-periodic SW, where τ is the delay of the feedback, coexists with other SW oscillations of shorter periods. We have found that these new SWs are specific harmonics of the fundamental one and their periods are P(n)≃2τ/(1+2n), where n is an integer. Numerical simulations and analytical studies of laser rate equations confirm the multistability of SW solutions. By adding a weak conventional optical feedback, we show that the switching between the different periodic SWs can be easily controlled. The delay of this feedback control is the key parameter determining the harmonic that is stabilized. Numerical simulations corroborate the effectiveness of our experimental control scheme.

  20. Hydroxide as general base in the saponification of ethyl acetate.

    PubMed

    Mata-Segreda, Julio F

    2002-03-13

    The second-order rate constant for the saponification of ethyl acetate at 30.0 degrees C in H(2)O/D(2)O mixtures of deuterium atom fraction n (a proton inventory experiment) obeys the relation k(2)(n) = 0.122 s(-1) M(-1) (1 - n + 1.2n) (1 - n + 0.48n)/(1 - n + 1.4n) (1 - n + 0.68n)(3). This result is interpreted as a process where formation of the tetrahedral intermediate is the rate-determining step and the transition-state complex is formed via nucleophilic interaction of a water molecule with general-base assistance from hydroxide ion, opposite to the direct nucleophilic collision commonly accepted. This mechanistic picture agrees with previous heavy-atom kinetic isotope effect data of Marlier on the alkaline hydrolysis of methyl formate.