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  1. Wargaming and Simulation as Tools for CONOPS Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    Protocol Router Network STEP Simulation, Test and Evaluation Process T&E Test and Evaluation UA Unit of Action UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UCAV...13 Figure 3. Hunter UAV ........................................................................................ 14...Figure 4. KC-135 Stratotanker........................................................................... 15 Figure 5. Global Hawk UAV

  2. The Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Yale: the first one hundred fifty years, from Nathan Smith to Lee Buxton.

    PubMed Central

    Kohorn, E. I.

    1993-01-01

    The persons who directed the academic teaching of women's health at Yale Medical School are presented by biographical sketches recounting their achievements and some of the difficulties they encountered. Three who provided particular catalysis were Nathan Smith, Herbert Thoms, and Lee Buxton. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 PMID:8303913

  3. A proposal for a standardized system of reporting human lymph node morphology in relation to immunological function

    PubMed Central

    Cottier, H.; Turk, J.; Sobin, L.

    1972-01-01

    This Memorandum proposes a standardized system of reporting the histology of human lymph nodes based on commonly used simple staining techniques. The purpose is to provide a uniform, internationally acceptable system by which the histological structure of lymph nodes can be correlated with other parameters of immunological status. The proposed protocols are intended to provide information that is not available in conventional written reports, that use such terms as “hyperplasia” or “nonspecific lymphadenitis”. ImagesFigure 22Figure 13Figure 5Figure 4Figure 3Figure 14Figure 15Figure 9Figure 21Figure 8Figure 12Figure 17Figure 16Figure 2Figure 7Figure 6Figure 20Figure 19Figure 11Figure 10Figure 18 PMID:4539822

  4. Pulmonary mineral dust. A study of ninety patients by electron microscopy, electron microanalysis, and electron microdiffraction.

    PubMed Central

    Berry, J. P.; Henoc, P.; Galle, P.; Pariente, R.

    1976-01-01

    The results of a study of 90 patients are presented. Intrapulmonary mineral deposits were characterized by electron diffraction and electron probe microanalysis. Using this method, pneumoconioses may be distinguidhed from other pneumopathies. In cases of pneumoconiosis, there exists a specific relationship between the etiology of the dust exposure and the crystallographic characteristics of the intrapulmonary deposits. The nature of the deposits may be indicative of a specific type of pneumoconiosis. This method is particularly useful in differentiating between asbestos bodies and ferruginous bodies. The value of the method in general and its importance in the study of pneumoconiosis are discussed. Images Figure 4 Figure 13 Figure 5 Figure 14 Figure 6 Figure 15 Figure 7 Figure 16 Figure 8 Figure 17 Figure 1 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 2 Figure 11 Figure 3 Figure 12 PMID:937507

  5. Experimental lead nitrate poisoning: microscopic and ultrastructural study of the gills of tench (Tinca tinca, L.).

    PubMed Central

    Roncero, V; Vincente, J A; Redondo, E; Gãzquez, A; Duran, E

    1990-01-01

    A microscopic, ultrastructural, and morphometric study was made of the gills of tench (Tinca tinca, L.) subjected to acute experimental lead nitrate poisoning. Twenty-one adult tench were subjected to poisoning and a further 22 were used as controls. Lesions were characterized by the appearance of edema and epithelial hyperplasia and necrosis, both in cells forming part of the filtration barrier and in those in the interlamellar space. These processes developed in the course of the experiment, leading to the death of tench after 12 to 15 days of exposure to 75 ppm lead nitrate, at which point the concentrations of lead in the gills had reached their maximum. Images FIGURE 1. FIGURE 2. FIGURE 5. FIGURE 6. FIGURE 7. FIGURE 8. FIGURE 9. FIGURE 10. FIGURE 11. FIGURE 12. FIGURE 13. FIGURE 14. FIGURE 15. FIGURE 16. FIGURE 17. FIGURE 18. FIGURE 19. PMID:2088740

  6. Mechanisms of Injury in Automobile Crashes

    PubMed Central

    Huelke, Donald F.

    1972-01-01

    The only way to determine the causes of injury in automobile collisions is through examination of data collected in detailed investigation of crashes. Such data were gathered from a ten-year study of collisions that caused injury to the occupants of the cars. In a comparison of injuries in the newer model automobiles—vehicles equipped with the safety features—with those in older model cars not equipped with the present-day occupant protection devices, significant reduction in injury severity was noted. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7.Figure 8.Figure 9.Figure 10.Figure 11.Figure 12.Figure 13.Figure 14.Figure 15.Figure 16.Figure 17. PMID:5059662

  7. Early chiropractic education in Oregon

    PubMed Central

    Keating, Joseph C

    2002-01-01

    Chiropractic education in the northwestern United States has its origins in the Marsh School & Cure in 1904. Most of the early schools were located in Portland, Oregon, including the D.D. Palmer College of Chiropractic (1908-1910), and several of these had merged by 1912 or 1913 to form the Pacific Chiropractic College, forerunner of today's Western States College. The latter was organized as a non-profit institution during the Great Depression, and struggled not only to survive but to create a higher standard. The early broad-scope of chiropractic training in the state probably encouraged the liberal scope of practice enjoyed in Oregon to this day. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16Figure 18Figure 19Figure 20Figure 21Figure 22Figure 24

  8. Anaerobic orbital cellulitis: a clinical and experimental study.

    PubMed Central

    Jedrzynski, M S; Bullock, J D; McGuire, T W; Elder, B L; Bullock, J D

    1991-01-01

    In this article we have reviewed the clinical and bacteriologic aspects of anaerobic orbital cellulitis and have presented six patients to illustrate these points. Physicians who treat patients with orbital cellulitis should have a high index of suspicion for possible instances involving anaerobes, so that appropriate management can be started early. To investigate this problem further, we created an animal model of anaerobic orbital cellulitis. This model may be useful in future studies of the pathogenesis and treatment of this serious and often devastating disease. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 PMID:1808813

  9. Mice carrying a CAR-2 null allele lack carbonic anhydrase II immunohistochemically and show vascular calcification.

    PubMed Central

    Spicer, S. S.; Lewis, S. E.; Tashian, R. E.; Schulte, B. A.

    1989-01-01

    Mutant mice reported to lack carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme II (CA II) have been examined here for immunocytochemical evidence of CA II and for histopathologic change. All histologic sites that immunostain for CA II in a wide range of organs in normal mice failed to show such immunoreactivity in the homozygous mutants. The CA II-deficient mice differed from controls in evidencing an age dependent medial calcification of small arteries in a number of organs. The male genital tract revealed the most extensive arterial calcinosis and males were possibly more affected in general than females. One or another Car-2n/Car-2n mouse showed changes additionally in uterus, small bowel, lymph nodes, or renal pelvis. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 PMID:2495727

  10. Petrous Bone Cholesteatoma

    PubMed Central

    Sanna, Mario; Zini, Carlo; Gamoletti, Roberto; Frau, Niccolò; Taibah, Abdel Kader; Russo, Alessandra; Pasanisi, Enrico

    1993-01-01

    Petrous bone cholesteatoma is a rare pathologic entity and may be a difficult surgical challenge because of potential involvement of the facial nerve, carotid artery, dura mater, otic capsule, and risk of cerebrospinal fluid leak. The objective of this article is to present a personal classification of petrous bone cholesteatomas, a survey of recent surgical attitudes, and our present surgical strategy based on our experience with 54 operations between 1978 and 1990. Radical petromastoid exenteration with marsupialization and the middle cranial fossa approach were used only for small pure infra- or supralabyrinthine cholesteatomas, respectively. The enlarged transcochlear approach with closure of the external auditory canal was used for infralabyrinthine, infralabyrinthine-apical, and massive petrous bone cholesteatomas. Five cases with petrous bone cholesteatomas in different locations are described in detail to present the signs and symptoms together with the management. ImagesFigure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16Figure 17Figure 18 PMID:17170912

  11. Embryonic rationale for the primary correction of classical congenital clefts of the lip and palate.

    PubMed Central

    Millard, D. R.

    1994-01-01

    Primary correction of congenital clefts of the lip and palate should be designed to carry the interrupted embryonic process to normal completion. This is best accomplished by maxillary alignment with presurgical orthodontics, stabilisation of the maxillary alignment, obliteration of the alveolar cleft and construction of the nasal floor with periosteoplasty. This allows early construction of the lip by rotation and advancement and correction of the nose with columella lengthening, alar cartilage positioning and alar base cinching. This can be accomplished before school age. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 PMID:8017808

  12. Cryo-transmission electron microscopy of a superstructure of fluid dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) membranes.

    PubMed Central

    Klösgen, B; Helfrich, W

    1997-01-01

    Using cryo-transmission electron microscopy, we have obtained abundant and reproducible evidence for a superstructure of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DOPC) bilayers. Dispersions of vesicles were prepared by gentle shaking of a 2% suspension of DOPC in water followed in part by extrusion through a porous technical membrane. Sampling and cryofixation took place at various times within 3 weeks after the preparation. From the micrographs we infer that the small fraction of vesicles enclosing one another develop passages (connections) between the bilayers. In contrast, the superstructure is basically a feature of disconnected membranes. Among its modifications are isolated membrane bends or folds and a grainy membrane texture with a minimal grain spacing of 4-6 nm. In the extruded dispersions the passages and the superstructure seem to be formed mostly within the first day. The fraction of smooth and unilamellar vesicles is large at all times and in all dispersions. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 PMID:9414216

  13. Specialized structure and metabolic activities of high endothelial venules in rat lymphatic tissues.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, N D; Anderson, A O; Wyllie, R G

    1976-01-01

    Microscopic, histochemical and ultrastructural techniques were used to define characteristics of high endothelial venules (HEV) in rat lymphatic tissues. This endothelium contained acetyl esterase and acid hydrolase activities which were not altered by lymphocyte depletion. No immunoglobulins were detected on luminal surfaces of HEV by fluorescent antibody staining. Only minor structural differences were seen between HEV within lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. At both sites, high endothelial cells were linked together by macular junctional complexes and interlocking basal foot processes. Endothelial cell cytoplasm moulded about surfaces of lymphocytes migrating through the venular wall, and flocculant deposits of basement membrane formed over lymphocytes penetrating the basal lamina. The endothelium was ensheathed by three to five layers of overlapping reticular cell plates and connective tissue. Each plate was linked to the reticular meshwork of the node by collagen bundles and anchoring filaments which inserted into the plate's external limiting membrane. This permitted individual paltes to separate or approximate each other as tissue and intravascular pressure varied, and lymphocytes moved across the sheath by insinuating themselves into gaps between overlapping plates. This composite structure of the HEV wall appeared to facilitate lymphocyte entry into the node and minimized vascular leakge. Images Figures 11-13 Figures 1-4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figures 9-10 Figures 14-15 Figure 16 Figures 17-20 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 PMID:1027726

  14. Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural analysis of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid in relation to hormone production.

    PubMed Central

    Kameya, T.; Shimosato, Y.; Adachi, I.; Abe, K.; Kasai, N.; Kimura, K.; Baba, K.

    1977-01-01

    Eighteen cases of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid were analyzed immunohistochemically for calcitonin- and ACTH-containing cells, and tumor cells in 8 cases were examined by an electron microscope and analyzed by manual and computer procedures with particular attention paid to the size and quality of secretory granules. Calcitonin- and ACTH-containing cells were found singly or in clusters in 14 and 11 tumors, respectively. In 4 cases, calcitonin-positive cell clusters and an increase in number of singly scattered C cells were seen apart from the main tumor, suggesting a multicentric nature of certain medullary carcinomas. Some ACTH-containing cells were apparently also positive for calcitonin. In a case of familial Sipple disease, follicular lining cells were replaced in areas with ACTH-containing cells. Three to five frequency distribution curves of the size of secretory granules were obtained in all of 6 cases analyzed, and at least two different types of granule matrix were identified. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 PMID:202164

  15. Before Nugent took charge: early efforts to reform chiropractic education, 1919-1941

    PubMed Central

    Keating, Joseph C

    2003-01-01

    John J. Nugent, D.C. is remembered by many as either the “Abraham Flexner of Chiropractic” or the “anti-Christ of Chiropractic.” From 1941 until his forced retirement in 1959, the Irish-born Palmer graduate was one of the most important factors in the profession's educational reforms. Yet Nugent's work as the National Chiropractic Association's (NCA's) director of research was not the beginning of the campaign to upgrade chiropractic education. This paper looks at earlier influences and events which set the stage for Nugent's campaign. Among these were the introduction of licensure for chiropractors, the self-defeating actions of B.J. Palmer, the introduction of basic science legislation, the lethargy of the schools, and the struggle for control of education between the schools, on the one hand, and the NCA and the Council of State Chiropractic Examining Boards on the other ImagesFigure 1Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 9Figure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16Figure 17Figure 18Figure 19Figure 20Figure 21Figure 22Figure 23Figure 24Figure 25Figure 26Figure 28Figure 29Figure 30Figure 31Figure 32Figure 33Figure 34Figure 35Figure 36Figure 37Figure 38

  16. A Workstation for Interactive Display and Quantitative Analysis of 3-D and 4-D Biomedical Images

    PubMed Central

    Robb, R.A.; Heffeman, P.B.; Camp, J.J.; Hanson, D.P.

    1986-01-01

    The capability to extract objective and quantitatively accurate information from 3-D radiographic biomedical images has not kept pace with the capabilities to produce the images themselves. This is rather an ironic paradox, since on the one hand the new 3-D and 4-D imaging capabilities promise significant potential for providing greater specificity and sensitivity (i.e., precise objective discrimination and accurate quantitative measurement of body tissue characteristics and function) in clinical diagnostic and basic investigative imaging procedures than ever possible before, but on the other hand, the momentous advances in computer and associated electronic imaging technology which have made these 3-D imaging capabilities possible have not been concomitantly developed for full exploitation of these capabilities. Therefore, we have developed a powerful new microcomputer-based system which permits detailed investigations and evaluation of 3-D and 4-D (dynamic 3-D) biomedical images. The system comprises a special workstation to which all the information in a large 3-D image data base is accessible for rapid display, manipulation, and measurement. The system provides important capabilities for simultaneously representing and analyzing both structural and functional data and their relationships in various organs of the body. This paper provides a detailed description of this system, as well as some of the rationale, background, theoretical concepts, and practical considerations related to system implementation. ImagesFigure 5Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16

  17. Leukocytes in chemotactic-fragment-induced lung inflammation. Vascular emigration and alveolar surface migration.

    PubMed Central

    Shaw, J. O.

    1980-01-01

    Lung inflammation was induced in rabbits by intratracheal injections of chemotactic fragments obtained from zymosan-activated serum (CF-ZAS), and the route of vascular emigration and alveolar surface interaction of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and monocytes migrating into the lung was characterized by transmission (TEM) and scanning (SEM) electron-microscopic examination. Leukocytes migrated from capillaries and venules into the alveolar wall interstitium by adherence to the vascular endothelium and migration through the endothelial intracellular junction to attain a position between a reapposed endothelial cell junction and the vascular basement membrane. The cells then migrated into the interstitium through a narrow opening in the basement membrane. Leukocyte entrance into the alveolar space from the interstitium appeared to occur through small openings in the epithelial basement membrane at or near the Type I epithelial intercellular junction. Once in the alveolus, PMNs and macrophages demonstrated surface adherence and spreading along with evidence of migration, pseudopod extension, interalveolar pore transit, and retraction fiber formation. This study indicates the leukocyte influx into the alveolus in acute chemotactic-factor-induced inflammation is via a continuum of migrational activity, beginning at the pulmonary capillary endothelial surface and persisting on the alveolar epithelial surface. Images Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 15 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 16 Figure 9 PMID:7435538

  18. Age as a factor in the bacteriology and response to treatment of subperiosteal abscess of the orbit.

    PubMed Central

    Harris, G J

    1993-01-01

    The clinical course of SPA of the orbit is associated with the age of the patient. That association might be explained through a series of intermediate relationships: the clinical course correlates with the bacterial constituency, the bacterial constituency is related to physiologic derangement within the sinuses, the physiologic derangement may vary with the degree of obstruction of the sinus ostia, and the ostial caliber relative to the volume of the cavity that must be drained decreases with patient age into late adolescence. The controversy between pediatricians and surgeons over the appropriate indications for drainage might be resolved with the acknowledgement that each side is correct on the basis of the patient populations treated. It is hoped that recognition of the age-related variations in SPA will permit a more systematic approach to the management of this complex infectious disease. Images FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 PMID:8140703

  19. Characterization of the choroidal mast cell.

    PubMed Central

    Godfrey, W A

    1987-01-01

    The experimental studies performed on nonpigmented rat choroids and the review of the important literature covered in this thesis seem to justify the following statements: 1. Mast cells are present in the choroid in significant numbers. 2. Mast cell numbers vary considerably from one individual to another and from one location in the choroid to another. 3. The major concentration of mast cells in the uvea is in the posterior choroid. 4. The mast cells of the choroid have a preferential location along arterial vessels. 5. Choroidal mast cell population density apparently decreases with senescence. 6. Mast cell products are present in sufficient quantity to exert substantial effects on physiologic, immunologic, and inflammatory responses in the choroid. 7. Choroidal mast cell products are released with appropriate stimulation and share some properties with the connective-tissue mast cell. 8. Choroidal mast cell demonstrate enough differences to suggest that a local differentiation may be present and may represent a locally controlled modulating effect for choroidal physiologic, immunologic, and inflammatory reactions. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 PMID:3328921

  20. The pathology of experimentally induced cecal amebiasis in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). Liver changes and amebic liver abscess formation.

    PubMed Central

    Chadee, K.; Meerovitch, E.

    1985-01-01

    The pathogenesis of experimentally induced cecal amebiasis in gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) was studied from 5 to 60 days after inoculation. Ulcerative lesions were noted 10 to 60 days after inoculation. The sequential development of lesions was asynchronous and progressed from destruction of the interglandular epithelium and of glandular crypt elements to loss of mucosa and formation of granulomatous lesions in the submucosa involving the muscularis mucosae. Pathologic changes in the liver correlated with the formation of ulcerative cecal lesions. Subacute hepatic changes showed lymphocytic portal infiltrate, Kupffer cell hyperplasia, multinucleated giant cells, granuloma formation, and sinusoidal mononuclear and granulocytic infiltrates. Metastatic amebic liver abscesses occurred as early as 10 days after inoculation, and small abscesses were found in the portal areas of the right liver lobe. The sequential development and pathologic manifestation of the infection and the usefulness of the gerbil for the study of human intestinal amebiasis are discussed. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 PMID:4014436

  1. The pathogenesis of experimentally induced amebic liver abscess in the gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus).

    PubMed Central

    Chadee, K.; Meerovitch, E.

    1984-01-01

    Sequential development and pathology of experimentally induced amebic liver abscess in the gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) were studied from 1 to 60 days after inoculation. Early lesions were characterized by an acute inflammatory response, which became granulomatous at 5 days. Early granulomas were discrete, with well-defined fibrohistiocytic walls. Trophozoite dissemination as a result of fibrolysis of granuloma wall was confined to the liver parenchyma. The granulomatous cellular infiltrate (less than 20 days) was characterized by granulocytes and histiocytes; older granulomas (greater than 30 days) were composed of lymphocytic infiltrate, plasma cells, and a few granulocytes, and were characterized by the absence of epithelioid histiocytes. The degree of pathologic change adjacent to liver granulomas followed the sequential development of the amebic liver abscess. Severe changes observed were portal canal lymphocytic infiltration, the presence of foreign body giant cells, periportal fibrosis, proliferation of bile duct epithelium, and hepatocyte anisonucleosis and ballooning degeneration. The pathogenesis of the infection and the usefulness of the gerbil model for the study of human amebiasis are discussed. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 PMID:6385727

  2. Chronic cutaneous graft-versus-host disease in man.

    PubMed Central

    Shulman, H. M.; Sale, G. E.; Lerner, K. G.; Barker, E. A.; Weiden, P. L.; Sullivan, K.; Gallucci, B.; Thomas, E. D.; Storb, R.

    1978-01-01

    This clinicopathologic study of patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic marrow transplantation emphasizes the most prominent feature of the syndrome, the cutaneous aspects, and describes the ophthalmic-oral sicca syndrome with sialoadenitis and the neurologic findings. Chronic cutaneous GVHD affected 19 of 92 recipients surviving 150 days or more. In 6 patients chronic GVHD presented as a continuation of acute GVHD; in 8 it occurred after the resolution of acute GVHD; and in 5 it arose without preceding acute GVHD, ie, de novo late onset. Two cutaneous types were distinguished. The generalized type affected 16 patients and ran a progressive course resulting in late complications of poikiloderma, diffuse dermal and subcutaneous fibrosis, and contractures. Microscopically, it resembled generalized morphea and lupus erythermatosus hypertrophicus et profundus. The local type affected 3 patients with a more variable picture of poikiloderma, dermal sclerosis, and contractures. Microscopically, it resembled lupus of erythematosus profundus and scleroderma. Guidelines for defining and subclassifying chronic cutaneous GVHD are proposed. Images Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 PMID:26221

  3. Ionescu-Shiley bovine pericardial bioprostheses. Histologic and ultrastructural studies.

    PubMed Central

    Hilbert, S. L.; Ferrans, V. J.; McAllister, H. A.; Cooley, D. A.

    1992-01-01

    Studies were done on the structural changes that develop in Ionescu-Shiley valves that are used as replacement heart valves for 4 to 8 years. These changes were compared with those found in similarly used porcine aortic valve (PAV) bioprostheses. A variety of morphologic differences were observed between bovine pericardial valve (BPV) and PAV bioprostheses after orthotopic implantation including: primary tissue failure associated with the use of an alignment suture, thickening of valve leaflet, leaflet tissue delamination, leaflet calcification, and dystrophic alterations of collagen. These findings indicate that valve design criteria directly influence the durability of pericardial valves. However, other factors unique to pericardial tissue also affect the durability and performance of BPVs. These factors include the inability of pericardial tissue to accommodate dynamic stresses; the extensive insudation of plasma proteins and lipids; and the inability to reduce leaflet calcification using agents that effectively mitigate calcification in PAV bioprostheses. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 PMID:1580331

  4. Periocular xanthogranulomas associated with severe adult-onset asthma.

    PubMed Central

    Jakobiec, F A; Mills, M D; Hidayat, A A; Dallow, R L; Townsend, D J; Brinker, E A; Charles, N C

    1993-01-01

    This article describes six patients who presented, usually bilaterally, with yellow-orange, elevated, indurated, and nonulcerated xanthomatous eyelid lesions, typically extending into the anterior orbital fat, and sometimes involving the extraocular muscles and the lacrimal gland. Because the eyelids remained intact and because the process did not reach the deep orbital and perioptic connective tissues, visual acuity was well preserved. There is cosmetic morbidity and occasionally motility restriction with advancing involvement of the extraocular muscles. All patients had variably severe adult-onset asthma that required treatment with systemic prednisone and inhalants. No evidence of Erdheim-Chester disease was found in any patient, but the appearance in one patient, after 25 years of follow-up, of a separate subcutaneous necrobiotic xanthogranulomatous lesion in the mandibular region with an associated paraproteinemia, suggests that at least some of our cases might be a mild form of necrobiotic xanthogranuloma. For this reason, we would suggest repeated periodic serum protein immunoelectrophoretic studies as well as evaluation for lymphoma. Therapy probably should consist of low doses of periorbital radiotherapy coupled with high doses of corticosteroids. Should this not be successful, then systemic administration of corticosteroids with chemotherapeutic agents might be efficacious, as in necrobiotic xanthogranuloma. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 PMID:8140711

  5. Immunocytochemical localization of peroxisomal enzymes in human liver biopsies.

    PubMed Central

    Litwin, J. A.; Völkl, A.; Müller-Höcker, J.; Hashimoto, T.; Fahimi, H. D.

    1987-01-01

    The immunocytochemical localization of catalase and three enzymes of the peroxisomal lipid beta-oxidation system--acyl-CoA oxidase, the bifunctional protein enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase--in human liver biopsies was investigated by means of light and electron microscopy. The antisera raised against all four enzymes from rat liver cross-reacted with the corresponding proteins in homogenates of human liver as revealed by immunoblotting. For light-microscopic localization in glutaraldehyde-fixed Epon-embedded material, the removal of resin and controlled digestion with trypsin was necessary. At the ultrastructural level specific labeling for all four antigens was found by the protein A-gold technique in peroxisomes of liver parenchymal cells fixed with formaldehyde-low glutaraldehyde concentrations and embedded in Lowicryl K4M. In biopsies fixed with glutaraldehyde and embedded in Epon, treatment with metaperiodate or etching with sodium ethoxide improved the immunolabeling. After such treatment catalase showed the most intense labeling and acyl-CoA oxidase the weakest, the two other proteins exhibiting an intermediate immunoreaction. In material postfixed with osmium only catalase could be visualized in peroxisomes. The immunocytochemical investigation of peroxisomal proteins in human liver biopsies provides a simple and highly promising approach for further elucidation of the pathophysiology of peroxisomal disorders. Images Figures 2 and 3 Figure 4-7 Figures 9-12 Figure 1 Figure 8 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 PMID:2886050

  6. Familial canine dermatomyositis. Initial characterization of the cutaneous and muscular lesions.

    PubMed Central

    Hargis, A. M.; Haupt, K. H.; Hegreberg, G. A.; Prieur, D. J.; Moore, M. P.

    1984-01-01

    Familial canine dermatomyositis is a recently identified disease of collie dogs that resembles human juvenile dermatomyositis. The lesions in the skin and muscles obtained by biopsy from two litters of dogs were characterized for the purpose of determining the similarity of the lesions to those of human dermatomyositis. The cutaneous lesions began between 7 and 11 weeks of age and were present on the face, lips, ears, and skin over bony prominences of the limbs, feet, sternum, and tip of the tail. Histologically the cutaneous lesions frequently consisted of vesicles, pustules, and ulcers on the lips, face, and ears. Neutrophils, lymphocytes, mast cells, and macrophages were present throughout the dermis. Neutrophils and lymphocytes were also present in and around vessels. Between 13 and 19 weeks of age generalized muscle atrophy was noted. The muscle lesions consisted of interstitial lymphocyte, plasma cell, macrophage, and neutrophil accumulation; myofiber degeneration, regeneration, and atrophy; and fibrosis. Perivascular neutrophils, lymphocytes, and plasma cells were also seen. Histologically, the lesions resembled those present in human juvenile dermatomyositis; and these observations, coupled with clinical, immunologic, and clinical pathologic observations presented elsewhere, suggest that familial canine dermatomyositis is an appropriate and potentially useful model for human juvenile dermatomyositis. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 PMID:6465285

  7. THE TREATMENT OF URINARY TRACT CALCULI

    PubMed Central

    Leadbetter, Wyland F.

    1958-01-01

    From review of recent information relative to calculus formation in the kidney, the conclusion reached that we do not yet understand, despite much effort, the basic physicochemical mechanisms involved. Since this is so, it has seemed best to the author for the present to rely, in treating patients with renal stones, on simple therapeutic concepts, which, if carefully and conscientiously applied, produce good results. The concepts are the elimination of known causes such as parathyroid adenomas and obstructive lesions, elimination or at least treatment of infections, diminution of urinary components which form the basis of calculi by limiting the oral intake or absorption from the gastrointestinal tract and maintenance of a dilute urine of desired pH. A plan for preoperative study is suggested to allow planned therapy. Indications for operative removal of calculi as well as some points of technique are discussed. It is emphasized that surgical removal of a calculus is but an incident in the care of patients with calculi and that treatment during the postoperative period and followup therapy is most important if success is to be achieved. Reports of cases to illustrate the application of these concepts are presented. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16 PMID:13523394

  8. Pulmonary response and transmigration of inorganic fibers by inhalation exposure.

    PubMed Central

    Lee, K. P.; Barras, C. E.; Griffith, F. D.; Waritz, R. S.

    1981-01-01

    Rats, hamsters, and guinea pigs were exposed by inhalation to different concentrations of potassium octatitanate fibers. Following 3 months of exposure, the animals were sacrificed between the 15th and 24th month. The exposed animals showed dose-related dust deposition and pulmonary fibrosis mainly in the respiratory bronchiolar region. Most short fibers (less than 5 micrograms) were phagocytized by alveolar macrophages, but long fibers (greater than 10 micrograms) were phagocytized by foreign body giant cells. Dust-laden macrophages (dust cells) entered into the lumen of bronchial lymphatic or pulmonary blood vessels. Numerous dust cells were transported from the lung to the tracheobronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes where some dust cells penetrated into the blood or lymphatic circulation. Massive direct cell migration of the mediastinal adipose tissue from the lymph nodes occurred occasionally. Dust-laden giant cells were found only occasionally in the liver, and there was widespread migration of the fibers into other vital organs and tissues without any significant responses. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 PMID:7212016

  9. A brief history of historical scholarship in chiropractic

    PubMed Central

    Keating, Joseph C

    2001-01-01

    This paper provides a cursory overview of attempts to discover, preserve and disseminate the history of the chiropractic profession, up to and including the organization of the Association for the History of Chiropractic (AHC). A surprisingly wide range of materials have been available for many decades, but sustained efforts at historical scholarship are more recent (past quarter century). The quality of these works has been uneven, but has improved with the emergence of chiropractic scholarly periodicals and interest from non-chiropractor investigators. Affiliates of the American-based AHC are located in Australia and Canada; organized historical scholarship in other regions of the world has yet to develop. Several substantial archival resources for historical investigations are available, and merit greater scrutiny and support within the profession. ImagesFigure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15Figure 16Figure 17Figure 18Figure 19Figure 20Figure 21Figure 22Figure 23Figure 24Figure 25p136-ap136-bp136-cp136-dp136-e

  10. Rehabilitation After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in the Female Athlete

    PubMed Central

    Wilk, Kevin E.; Arrigo, Christopher; Andrews, James R.; Clancy, William G.

    1999-01-01

    Objective: To discuss the rehabilitation program after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in the female athlete. In addition, we will discuss 8 unique characteristics identified in the female athlete and specific training drills to address and correct the potentially deleterious effects of these unique characteristics. Background: The female athlete appears to be more susceptible to noncontact ACL injuries than the male athlete. There seem to be many differences between the female and male athlete that may contribute to the increased injury rate in the female athlete. These variations include anatomical and neuromuscular considerations and differences. Description: Based on the unique characteristics of the female athlete and the anatomical and neuromuscular dissimilarities, a specially designed rehabilitation program has been established for the female athlete after ACL surgery. Clinical Advantages: The rehabilitation drills discussed in this article challenge the neuromuscular system through proprioception, kinesthesia, dynamic joint stability, neuromuscular control, and perturbation training activities. Improving the female athlete's neuromuscular system will, we believe, expedite the injured athlete's recovery after ACL injury or surgery. Although the concepts discussed are part of a postoperative rehabilitation program after ACL surgery, these concepts may also be implemented as a preventive program to assist in reducing the incidence of ACL injuries in the female athlete. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7.Figure 8.Figure 9.Figure 10.Figure 11.Figure 12.Figure 13.Figure 14.Figure 15.Figure 16.Figure 17.Figure 18.Figure 19.Figure 20.Figure 21.Figure 22.Figure 23. PMID:16558561

  11. Light- and electron-microscopic histochemistry of Fabry's disease.

    PubMed Central

    Faraggiana, T.; Churg, J.; Grishman, E.; Strauss, L.; Prado, A.; Bishop, D. F.; Schuchman, E.; Desnick, R. J.

    1981-01-01

    A histochemical study was performed on light- and electron-microscopic level in a case of Fabry's disease. The patient underwent kidney transplantation for renal failure and died of heart failure 6 months later. Patient's tissues were studied at the light- and electron-microscopic levels with various embedding and staining techniques for lipids and carbohydrates. Two peroxidase-labeled lectins (from Ricinus communis and from Bandeiraea simplicifolia) known to have affinity for alpha- and beta-D-galactose, were strongly reactive with the storage material on frozen sections. The ultrahistochemical and extraction tests showed that the typical granules had a variable reactivity and morphologic characteristics in different cells, probably reflecting different composition. A small number of typical deposits were also observed in the transplanted kidney. This is the first reported case of recurrence of the storage disease in the allograft. Of interest was also the fact that the patient's blood inhibited normal alpha-galactosidase activity, suggesting a possible inhibitor-related mechanism in the pathogenesis of the recurrence. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 PMID:6786101

  12. Autopsy pathology in the acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

    PubMed Central

    Reichert, C. M.; O'Leary, T. J.; Levens, D. L.; Simrell, C. R.; Macher, A. M.

    1983-01-01

    The acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a devastating new illness which appears to be sexually and parenterally transmissible. AIDS was first described in the male homosexual community; however, the disease has more recently been described among intravenous drug abusers, Haitians, hemophiliacs, and others. The etiologic agent is unknown. AIDS may represent an infection by a previously undescribed organism, a mutant of a known microorganism, or a multifactorial combination of environmental, immunologic, and genetic factors. As a consequence of the disease's seemingly irreversible ablation of the cell-mediated immune system, AIDS victims succumb to a variety of infections and/or unusual neoplasms. In its fully developed form, mortality approaches 100%. At autopsy the gross and microscopic pathology of the syndrome can be divided into three general categories: 1) morphologic manifestations of profound lymphoid depletion; 2) infections, usually with mixed opportunistic pathogens; and 3) unusual neoplasms, most frequently Kaposi's sarcoma or high-grade lymphomas. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 PMID:6311021

  13. Ultrastructure of sarcoplasmic reticulum in atrial myocardium of patients with mitral valvular disease.

    PubMed Central

    Thiedermann, K. U.; Ferrans, V. J.

    1976-01-01

    Alterations observed in the sarcoplasmic reticulum of muscle cells in left and right atrial myocardium from 10 patients with mitral valvular disease consisted of: a) proliferation of rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum, which formed large cisterns in perinuclear areas of hypertrophied cells and was considered indicative of increased protein synthesis; b) proliferation of free sarcoplasmic reticulum, a change that occurred in degenerated cells and appeared to be related to loss of contractile elements; c) two types of aggregates of tubules of free SR--one type was associated wtih abnormal Z-band material and was found only in cells showing loss of myofibrils and proliferation of free SR, whereas the other was not associated with either of these changes and occurred in less severely altered cells; and d) proliferation and enlargement of cisterns of extended junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum, which formed two distinct types of complexes: the first of these consisted of large, convoluted (Type A) cisterns that were wide (550 to 650 A in thickness) and did not have a central dense lamina; the second was composed of stacks of concentric or parallel (Type B) cisterns that were narrower (220 to 300 A in thickness), had a central dense lamina, and were separated from one another by layers of glycogen granules. The formation of these complexes of cisterns was regarded as an extreme form of overdevelopment of extended junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum in atrial muscle cells. Images Figure 21 Figures 22-25 Figures 1-3 Figures 26-29 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figures 30 and 31 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figures 32-36 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figures 37-39 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figures 40 and 41 Figure 18 Figures 19 and 20 PMID:1275054

  14. Efficient Calculation of Earth Penetrating Projectile Trajectories

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    seconds and stable trajectories are solved in less than three seconds. 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 119 14 . SUBJECT TERMS Ballistic, Penetration, Simulation...Bottom Half of Weapon from 2 Degree Angle of Attack ............... 14 Figure 9. Moment on Top Half of Weapon from a 2 Degree Angle of Attack... 14 Figure 10. Forces on Bottom Half of Weapon from 2 Degree Angle of Attack ...............15 Figure 11. Additional Areas of Stress Due to

  15. Characterization and Detection of Delamination in Smart Composite Structures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-31

    the XY plane ........................................ 14 Figure 9. Comparison of kernel functions, actual and as determined by GA/ANN for a through...the-width damage pattern, [4 15 17], in the XZ plane ........................................ 15 Figure 10. Comparison of kernel functions, actual and...as determined by GA/ANN for a through-the-width damage pattern, [4 15 17], in the YZ plane ........................................ 15 Figure 11

  16. Adaptive, Tactical Mesh Networking: Control Base MANET Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    pp. 316–320 Available: IEEE Xplore , http://ieeexplore.ieee.org [Accessed: June 9, 2010]. [5] N. Sidiropoulos, “Multiuser Transmit Beamforming...Mobile Mesh Segments of TNT Testbed .......... 11 Figure 5. Infrastructure and Ad Hoc Mode of IEEE 802.11................................ 13 Figure...6. The Power Spectral Density of OFDM................................................ 14 Figure 7. A Typical IEEE 802.16 Network

  17. Characterization of Pulse Detonation Engine Performance with Varying Free Stream Stagnation Pressure Levels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    Döring ( ZND ) Theory of Detonations ........................ 12 Pulse Detonation Engine Cycle and Operation...of p versus 1/ρ ......................................................................... 11 Figure 4. ZND Wave Structure and physical properties...Kuo, 2005:382) ....................... 13 Figure 5. ZND detonation structure on (ρ, 1/ρ) diagram (Kuo, 2005:383) ...................... 14 Figure 6

  18. An Analysis of Serial Number Tracking Automatic Identification Technology as Used in Naval Aviation Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-09-01

    13 1. Strengths ................................... 14 2. Weaknesses .................................. 14 E. SMART CARDS ...................................... 15...13 Figure 3. Magnetic Stripe .................................. 15 Figure 4. Smart Card with Magnetic Stripe and ICC .......... 18 Figure 5...2002) Figure 3. Magnetic Stripe E. SMART CARDS Integrated Circuit Cards or Smart Cards are devices the size and shape of a credit card that contain

  19. Framework for Estimating National Economic Development Benefits and Other Beneficial Effects of Flood Warning and Preparedness Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-03-01

    11 Figure 5 - Shifting Linear Damage Curve ....... .................... 12 Figure 6 - Linear 3- D Damage Function...14 Figure 7 - Non-Linear 3- D Damage Function ....... .................. 15 Figure 8 - Damage Contour in Stage - Warning Space...Studies (P& G ) (Water Resources Council, 1983) and the National Economic Development Procedures Manual-Urban Flood Damage (Davis, et. al., 1988). It further

  20. Fire Extinguishing Performance of Firebane on JP-8 Jet Fuel Fires

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-17

    agent used, and effectiveness on the fires. Compressed air foam systems were used for the evaluations, the recommended agent delivery method for...the engine protocol pool fire ....................................... 14 Figure 6. Firebane 1115 foam blanket during engine nacelle test...15 Figure 7. 50-percent Firebane 1115 foam blanket during engine nacelle test .............................. 15

  1. Polymer Based Highly Parallel Nanoscopic Sensors for Rapid Detection of Chemical and Biological Threats

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-18

    Spectrometry) or an AA ( Atomic Absorption ) measurement after the solid CNT soot has been completely digested in an acid solution. At Brewer Science the...14 Figure 14: (a) Optical absorption spectrum of raw HiPco CNTs suspended in aqueous SDS...solution (b) One enlarged spectral window of the spectrum in (a)......................................15 Figure 15: Optical absorption spectrum of -C

  2. Enterprise Systems Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-03-14

    15 Supply Chain Operations Model .............................................................. 15...14 Figure 4 - Systems & constituents structure and behavior ................................... 15 Figure 5 - Supply chain operations model... chain . It is ideal as a testing ground for the modeling methodology because it involved all of the key features required of an

  3. Experimental Studies of the Number 41 Primer and Ignition 5.56-mm Ammunition

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-09-01

    caliber primers are lead styphnate , barium nitrate, and antimony sulfide, Sb2S3. Lesser amounts of aluminum powder, tetracene, and...this particle, which apparently did not melt, consists primarily of Barium . ...........................................................14 Figure 17...15 Figure 21. Reference spectrum of barium nitrate (top) compared to a spectrum representative (**splat) of many residual particles from

  4. The association of viruses with urveal melanoma.

    PubMed Central

    Albert, D M

    1979-01-01

    Electron microscopic examination of 57 ocular melanomas (54 human, two feline and one canine) revealed the presence of viral particles in six specimens. Herpesviruses particles were observed in one human specimen and were passed in human fibroblasts (WI-38), where they gave rise to intranuclear inclusions. A-type oncornavirus particles (oncogenic RNA virus) were observed in a second case, both in cells of tumor directly removed from an enucleated eye as well as in cells grown in tissue culture. In three human specimens and one feline specimen, togavirus particles were observed. Rubella is a member of this group, and the possibility that the presence of togavirus in these tumors is the result of latent ocular infection by rubella virus is raised. Herpes virus and RNA tumor viruses are widely considered as having a possible etiologic role for certain human cancers. The observation of togavirus is unexpected, as this virus has not been previously implicated in human or animal tumors. Injection of an RNA tumor virus (Gardner strain feline sarcoma virus) into the anterior chamber of newborn kittens resulted in the development of iris and ciliary body melanomas, many of which showed invasion and, in one instance, metastasis. This is the first animal model of a viral-induced uveal melanoma, and the histology and ultrastructure are described. These results emphasize the need for the continued investigation of the role of these viruses in uveal melanoma. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 PMID:545833

  5. Transplant arteriosclerosis in a rat aortic model.

    PubMed Central

    Isik, F. F.; McDonald, T. O.; Ferguson, M.; Yamanaka, E.; Gordon, D.

    1992-01-01

    Transplant arteriosclerosis (TA) has emerged as an obstacle to the long-term survival of transplanted organs, especially cardiac transplants. The animal models that have been used to study TA have not been fully characterized with regard to features such as the time course of cell proliferation and the sequence of cell types arriving in the developing intimal lesion. We present a model of TA based on a transplanted segment of abdominal aorta that helps address these questions. Two strains of rats (PVG x DA) underwent orthotopic aortic transplantation without immunosuppression and were killed at 14, 20, 40, and 60 days after transplantation. The within-strain control group displayed minimal evidence of cellular rejection with minimal to absent intimal lesions. In contrast, the allograft group showed a linearly increasing intimal lesion, up through 60 days after transplantation. The mechanism of intimal thickening was by an increase in cell number at the earlier time points with the later deposition of extracellular matrix. The early intimal lesion consisted mostly of mononuclear inflammatory cells (45%) with gradually increasing presence of smooth muscle cells (SMC) in the intima between 20 and 60 days. Conversely, the media showed gradual infiltration by macrophage-type cells with virtual loss of all SMC from the media by 40 days. The proliferative index showed a peak of 6% and 8% at 20 days in both the intima and media, respectively, and was preceded by the presence of macrophages. In fact, most of the proliferating cells at the earlier time points were either monocytes/macrophages, or were immediately adjacent to monocyte-/macrophage-rich regions. This straight artery segment model of transplant arteriosclerosis provides an easily quantifiable system in which the effects of different interventions (e.g., immunosuppressive regimens) can be tested. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure

  6. Glomerular lesions induced in the rabbit by physicochemically altered homologous IgG.

    PubMed Central

    Cavalot, F.; Miyata, M.; Vladutiu, A.; Terranova, V.; Dubiski, S.; Burlingame, R.; Tan, E.; Brentjens, J.; Milgrom, F.; Andres, G.

    1992-01-01

    Immunization of rabbits with physicochemically altered homologous or even autologous IgG induces formation of antibodies combining with IgG of rabbit and of foreign species. Cardiac but not renal lesions were reported in such animals. This study examined the nephritogenic potential of the immune response to cationized or heat-aggregated homologous IgG of b9 or b4 allotype in rabbits of the b4 allotype. Rabbits injected with either b9 or b4 cationized IgG produced antibodies reactive with rabbit and human IgG and with histones; they also developed abnormal glomerular deposits of IgG b4 and C3 corresponding to alterations of the glomerular basement membranes (GBM). Rabbits injected with either b9 or b4 aggregated IgG developed antibodies reactive with rabbit and human IgG and abnormal glomerular deposits of IgG b4 and C3 in the GBM and in the mesangium with subendothelial and mesangial electron-dense deposits. Some rabbits in both groups had proliferative and exudative glomerulonephritis and proteinuria. The results showed that immunization of rabbits with physicochemically altered homologous IgG induces an immune response to rabbit and human IgG and to histones as well as glomerular deposits of autologous IgG and C3 and other glomerular lesions. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 PMID:1546743

  7. The development of the trabecular meshwork and its abnormality in primary infantile glaucoma.

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, D R

    1981-01-01

    Tissue from ten eyes with infantile glaucoma and from 40 normal eyes of fetuses and infants without glaucoma were examined by light and electron microscopy. In normal development, the corneoscleral coat grows faster than the uveal tract during the last trimester, leading to a posterior migration of the ciliary body attachment from Schwalbe's line (5th month) to the scleral spur (9th month), and then to a location behind the scleral spur (postnatally). In infantile glaucoma, the insertion of the anterior ciliary body and iris overlaps the trabecular meshwork, similar to the late fetal position. The trabecular sheets are perforated, and there is no membrane over the surface of the trabecular meshwork. The trabecular beams are thicker than in normal infant eyes. There is both histologic and clinical evidence of traction on the iris root exerted by the thickened trabecular beams. These findings suggest that in congenital glaucoma the thickened beams had prevented the normal posterior migration of the ciliary body and iris root. This traction may compact the thickened trabecular beams, obstructing aqueous humor outflow. Release of the traction by an incision (goniotomy or trabeculotomy) of the thickened meshwork may relieve the obstruction. Of uncertain pathological significance is that there are no vacuoles in the endothelium of Schlemm's canal and there is a broad layer of collagen and amorphous material in the juxtacanalicular connective tissue. The ciliary processes are elongated inward, as if they were pulled by zonular traction (perhaps created by an enlarging diameter of the limbus with a fixed lens diameter). Images FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 20 A FIGURE 20 B FIGURE 1 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 A FIGURE 4 B FIGURE 5 A FIGURE 5 B FIGURE 6 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 PMID:7342408

  8. Cardiac disease induced by chronic adriamycin administration in dogs and an evaluation of vitamin E and selenium as cardioprotectants.

    PubMed Central

    Van Vleet, J. F.; Ferrans, V. J.; Weirich, W. E.

    1980-01-01

    Chronic adriamycin (ADR) intoxication was produced in three groups of beagle dogs by weekly intravenous injections (1 mg/kg body weight) for 20 weeks (cumulative dose 400 mg/sq m). Group A (6 dogs) received ADR only; Group B (6 dogs) were given ADR and weekly doses of vitamin E (17 mg/kg body weight) as alpha-tocopherol acetate; and Group C (6 dogs) received ADR and weekly doses of vitamin E as did Group B and selenium (0.06 mg/kg body weight as selenite). Each of the 18 dogs developed ADR-induced cardiomyopathy (CMY), and death occurred in 11 dogs during Weeks 17-20. Mortality was lowest in Group B (2 of 6), but no differences between groups were seen either in survival time of the dogs that died or in severity of CMY. Cardiomyopathy was more severe in dogs that died than in survivors. Congestive heart failure with transudation was present in 4 of 11 dogs that died. Cardiac histopathology was characterized by vacuolar degeneration of myocytes. Myocardial damage was most severe in the left ventricle and the ventricular septum, intermediate in the right ventricle and the left atrium, and least in the right atrium. Ultrastructural study showed that an early alteration in damaged myocytes was distention of sarcoplasmic reticulum to form sarcoplasmic vacuoles. Occasional damaged fibers had myofibrillar lysis and focal proliferation of sarcoplasmic reticulum. This study demonstrates that the dog offers a suitable model for studies of chronic ADR cardiotoxicity in man. The lack of cardioprotection from vitamin E and selenium supplementation fails to support the proposed role of lipoperoxidative damage in the development of chronic ADR-induced CMY. Images Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 PMID:7361854

  9. Computational functions in biochemical reaction networks.

    PubMed Central

    Arkin, A; Ross, J

    1994-01-01

    In prior work we demonstrated the implementation of logic gates, sequential computers (universal Turing machines), and parallel computers by means of the kinetics of chemical reaction mechanisms. In the present article we develop this subject further by first investigating the computational properties of several enzymatic (single and multiple) reaction mechanisms: we show their steady states are analogous to either Boolean or fuzzy logic gates. Nearly perfect digital function is obtained only in the regime in which the enzymes are saturated with their substrates. With these enzymatic gates, we construct combinational chemical networks that execute a given truth-table. The dynamic range of a network's output is strongly affected by "input/output matching" conditions among the internal gate elements. We find a simple mechanism, similar to the interconversion of fructose-6-phosphate between its two bisphosphate forms (fructose-1,6-bisphosphate and fructose-2,6-bisphosphate), that functions analogously to an AND gate. When the simple model is supplanted with one in which the enzyme rate laws are derived from experimental data, the steady state of the mechanism functions as an asymmetric fuzzy aggregation operator with properties akin to a fuzzy AND gate. The qualitative behavior of the mechanism does not change when situated within a large model of glycolysis/gluconeogenesis and the TCA cycle. The mechanism, in this case, switches the pathway's mode from glycolysis to gluconeogenesis in response to chemical signals of low blood glucose (cAMP) and abundant fuel for the TCA cycle (acetyl coenzyme A). Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 PMID:7948674

  10. Ultrastructural alterations in allylamine cardiovascular toxicity. Late myocardial and vascular lesions.

    PubMed Central

    Boor, P. J.; Ferrans, V. J.

    1985-01-01

    The late myocardial and vascular ultrastructural changes in rat hearts following consumption of the cardiovascular toxin allylamine were studied. Rats were given 0.1% allylamine HCl in drinking water for 10-104 days. From 10 to 21 days, there was organization of acute myocardial necrosis by macrophages and scattered polymorphonuclear leukocytes with prominent interstitial-cell proliferation. Alterations at 21-104 days included extensive scarring with formation of dense mature collagen with scattered fibroblasts present, grossly evident left-ventricular aneurysm, and gross and microscopic changes similar to those observed in the secondary form of endocardial fibroelastosis. Areas of scar contained highly cellular foci of smooth-muscle cells, myofibroblasts, and abundant extracellular elastin. Cardiac myocytes frequently showed markedly disorganized myofilaments, bizarrely distorted mitochondria with condensed cristae, and other severe degenerative changes. Small vessels within and adjacent to scar showed proliferation of intimal smooth-muscle cells. Endothelial lesions or recent or organized thrombi were not seen. Focal endocardial metaplasia, consisting of both chondroid and osseous tissue, was found in areas of transmural scarring, or ventricular aneurysm. Chondrocytes had the overall nuclear and cellular morphology, abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum, and surrounding lacunae typical of mature fibrocartilage. In some areas, the collagen matrix was undergoing calcification with the typical cross-banded pattern of calcifying connective tissue. Osteocytes were located in a densely calcified bone matrix and displayed characteristic cellular extensions into surrounding canaliculi. These findings indicate a severe myocardial, small-vessel, and endocardial injury during the course of chronic allylamine intoxication. Images Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 15 Figure

  11. Detailed Analysis Case Studies of Trapped Plasmas at the Earth’s Magnetic Equator

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-06-01

    5 Figure 2. Plasma Density L Dependance ...... ......... 7 Figure 3. Plasmapause Magnetic Activity Dependance . . 8 Figure 4. Plasma Density L... Dependance - Normalized . . 10 Figure 5. The Dusk Bulge . . . .............. 13 Figure 6. Magnetosphere’s Electric and Magnetic Fields 14 Figure 7...1970). 6 -. ~ .ZJ.:AUGUST 12,1968 . -. ----- OUTBOUND PASS - 2 3 4 5 ___ ... 7....9 L Figure 2. Plasma Density L Dependance 7 0D3 #n /2 OUT JND tN

  12. Information Security: Federal Guidance Needed to Address Control Issues With Implementing Cloud Computing

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-01

    Figure 2: Cloud Computing Deployment Models 13 Figure 3: NIST Essential Characteristics 14 Figure 4: NASA Nebula Container 37...Access Computing Environment (RACE) program, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Nebula program, and the Department of...computing programs: the DOD’s RACE program; NASA’s Nebula program; and Department of Transportation’s CARS program, including lessons learned related

  13. The Aerodynamic Performance of the 24 Inch Houck Configuration

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    133 Page viii List of Figures Page Figure 1: Perspective View of Houck Lifting Foil (reproduced from Reference 12)........ 1 Figure 2...13 Figure 12: Front View of a Joined-Wing Aircraft (reproduced from Reference 30)....... 14 Figure 13: Max Lift -to-Drag Ratio of Propeller...48 Figure 35: Lift Coefficient and Pitch Moment Coefficient – 24” Houck Configuration. 50 Figure 36: Lift

  14. Characterization of Seismic Noise at Selected Non-Urban Sites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    Hz center frequency for vertical, east-west and north-south components of wind farm ground motion during the 50-min periods 0000 - 0050 (turbines...13 Figure 6. Hourly power PDFs at 4-Hz center frequency for vertical ground motion for the period 0400 – 1200 GMT...15 Figure 7. Wind speed data recorded at the Enfield site. Data dropouts occurred during the 10-min periods

  15. The China-India-Pakistan Water Crisis: Prospects for Interstate Conflict

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    13 Figure 6. The Tibetan Plateau and China’s Major Rivers ...............................................15 Figure 7. China’s Three Gorges...Pakistan’s great rivers – the Indus, Ganges, and Brahmaputra. The decision to focus on the Tibetan Plateau as a solution to China’s water crisis will...likely will affect the Brahmaputra River , essential to India. Additionally, although less likely due to geographical challenges, Beijing’s decision

  16. Deep-Ocean Seismometer Implantation System. Phase 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-07-01

    BACKGROUND 2 Geotechnical Properties of Seafloor Sediments 2 Alternative Seafloor Penetrators 5 DEEP OCEAN SEISMOMETER IMPLANTATION SYSTEM ( DOSIS ) 8 Prototype...implantation system ( DOSIS ). 8 Figure 8. Deployment sequence for seafloor penetrator. 9 Figure 9. DOSIS prototype drill assembly. 13 Figure 10. DOSIS ...15 Figure 13. Test setup for DOSIS showing lowering frame, casing, and spoils tank. 16 Figure 14. Rate-of-penetration results for five drilling

  17. Augmentor Wing Powered Lift Technology: Affordable Alternatives to Enhance Tactical Airlift Capability.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-05-01

    Survivable VSTOL low radar cross section design . IV - 2 .STOL Design............................................... IV - 2 .USAF program outlook...14 .Figure 4-5 FIMA 3-engined AST ...................... IV - 15 .Figure 4-6 Blowing air distribution/ cross ducting..IV - 16 .Figure 4-7 Roll upset...airlift missions many of which are, or border on, the domain of SP Llal operations: f lyirng in high threat environments, coniductin-3 routir.L arid

  18. An Inverse Model of Double Diffusive Convection in the Beaufort Sea

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    Master’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE An Inverse Model of Double Diffusive Convection in the Beaufort Sea 6. AUTHOR(S) Jeremiah E. Chaplin 5 ...convection and mixing within the homogeneous layers............................... 5 Figure 4. Ice tethered profiler system....................14...Figure 5 . Location of ITP 1-6.............................15 Figure 6. Temperature – Salinity plot for ITPs 1-6........18 Figure 7. Histogram of data

  19. Countering Overseas Threats: DOD and State Need to Address Gaps in Monitoring of Security Equipment Transferred to Lebanon

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    2013 5 Figure 3: Photographs of Lebanese Armed Forces Equipment Prepared for End-Use Monitoring 14 Figure 4: U.S. Officials Conducting an Inventory...of U.S.-Provided Equipment at a Lebanese Armed Forces Facility 15 Figure 5: Photographs of U.S. Equipment Provided to Lebanon’s Internal Security...Assistance to Lebanon Figure 3: Photographs of Lebanese Armed Forces Equipment Prepared for End-Use Monitoring During our visit to Beirut in July

  20. Cellular pathology of homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.

    PubMed Central

    Buja, L. M.; Kovanen, P. T.; Bilheimer, D. W.

    1979-01-01

    2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 24 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 22 Figure 23 PMID:118674

  1. The response of the macaque tracheobronchial epithelium to acute ozone injury. A quantitative ultrastructural and autoradiographic study.

    PubMed Central

    Wilson, D. W.; Plopper, C. G.; Dungworth, D. L.

    1984-01-01

    important participants in the repair of chemically injured airway epithelium; stratification and increased amounts of cytoplasmic filament bundles and desmosomal attachments, rather than being evidence of squamous metaplasia or dysplastic change, might be stereotypic responses of airway epithelium to injury; and the ciliated cell population becomes less susceptible to ozone-induced necrosis with continuing exposure. Images Figure 21 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 26 Figure 27 PMID:6540523

  2. Experimental and clinical observations on massive suprachoroidal hemorrhage.

    PubMed Central

    Lakhanpal, V

    1993-01-01

    in such future studies on massive suprachoroidal hemorrhage. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 FIGURE 33 FIGURE 34 FIGURE 35 FIGURE 36 FIGURE 37 FIGURE 38 FIGURE 39 FIGURE 40 FIGURE 41 FIGURE 42 FIGURE 43 FIGURE 44 FIGURE 45 FIGURE 46 FIGURE 47 FIGURE 48 FIGURE 49 FIGURE 51 figure 52 FIGURE 53 FIGURE 54 FIGURE 55 FIGURE 56 FIGURE 57 FIGURE 58 FIGURE 59 FIGURE 60 FIGURE 61 FIGURE 62 FIGURE 63 FIGURE 64 FIGURE 65 FIGURE 66 FIGURE 67 FIGURE 68 FIGURE 69 PMID:8140705

  3. Microtubule coils versus the surface membrane cytoskeleton in maintenance and restoration of platelet discoid shape.

    PubMed Central

    White, J. G.; Rao, G. H.

    1998-01-01

    in combination with taxol, inhibited the cold-induced shape change but not dilation of the open canalicular system. Rewarming eliminated open canalicular system dilation and restored lentiform appearance. The results indicate that microtubule coils are the major structural elements responsible for disc shape and its restoration after submaximal stimulation or rewarming of chilled platelets. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 PMID:9466587

  4. Immunohistochemical localization of transforming growth factor-beta 1 in rats with experimental silicosis, alveolar type II hyperplasia, and lung cancer.

    PubMed Central

    Williams, A. O.; Flanders, K. C.; Saffiotti, U.

    1993-01-01

    other cytokines in silica-induced carcinogenesis requires further investigation. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 PMID:8389528

  5. Patterns of pulmonary structural remodeling after experimental paraquat toxicity. The morphogenesis of intraalveolar fibrosis.

    PubMed Central

    Fukuda, Y.; Ferrans, V. J.; Schoenberger, C. I.; Rennard, S. I.; Crystal, R. G.

    1985-01-01

    Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 and 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 and 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 and 28 Figure 29 and 30 Figure 31 and 32 Figure 33 Figure 34 Figure 35 Figure 36 and 37 Figure 38 Figure 39 Figure 40 PMID:3883797

  6. Tumor vascularity and hematogenous metastasis in experimental murine intraocular melanoma.

    PubMed Central

    Grossniklaus, H E

    1998-01-01

    metastasizes through regional lymphatics. Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 PMID:10360307

  7. Histopathologic studies of ischemic optic neuropathy.

    PubMed Central

    Knox, D L; Kerrison, J B; Green, W R

    2000-01-01

    FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 A FIGURE 24 B FIGURE 24 C FIGURE 24 D FIGURE 24 E FIGURE 24 F FIGURE 25 A FIGURE 25 B FIGURE 25 C FIGURE 25 D FIGURE 25 E FIGURE 25 F FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 PMID:11190024

  8. Constitution and behavior of follicular structures in the human anterior pituitary gland.

    PubMed Central

    Ciocca, D. R.; Puy, L. A.; Stati, A. O.

    1984-01-01

    Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 PMID:6326578

  9. Mouse bronchiolar cell carcinogenesis. Histologic characterization and expression of Clara cell antigen in lesions induced by N-nitrosobis-(2-chloroethyl) ureas.

    PubMed Central

    Rehm, S.; Lijinsky, W.; Singh, G.; Katyal, S. L.

    1991-01-01

    neoplastic lesions. N-nitroso-methyl-bis-chloroethylurea- and NTCU-induced mouse bronchiolar cell alterations could be an interesting new model to study mechanisms of bronchiolar cell differentiation and tumor formation. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 PMID:1651059

  10. Rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by N-nitrosodiethylamine and N-nitrosomorpholine continuously administered at low doses. From basophilic areas of hepatocytes to hepatocellular tumors.

    PubMed Central

    Cortinovis, C.; Klimek, F.; Nogueira, E.

    1991-01-01

    application of some carcinogens at high doses, they are not obligatory precursors of hepatocellular tumors. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 PMID:1951631

  11. Data Farming in Support of NATO

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-03-01

    12 Figure 5-8 Some Results from a Stepwise Regression 5-13 Figure 5-9 Example of an Interaction Effect 5-14 Figure 5-10 Example of a Partition Tree ...25 Figure 5-21 Spatial and Network Views 5-26 Figure 5-22 Model/Scenario Building Tools 5-28 Figure 5-23 Red Orm 5-29 Figure 5-24 Building Data...Distributions for the Number of Dead and the Number Treated 7-10 Figure 7-4 Partition Tree for Initial Runs (Scenario B) 7-11 STO-TR-MSG-088 ix x STO-TR

  12. Rugged, Thin GaAs Solar Cell Development. Phase I.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-06-16

    PAGE Figure I n-GaAs/n-Ge Profile 10 Fi’,ure 2 AIGaAs/GaAs/Ge Solar Cell - I - V Curve 12 Figure 3(a) AIGaAs/GaAs/Ge Solar Cell - I - V Curve 14 Figure 3...b) Donor Profile for GaAs on Ge 15 Figure 4 AIGaAs/GaAs/Ge Solar Cell - I - V Curve 17 Figure 5 AIGaAs/GaAs/Ge Solar Cell - I - V Curve 18 Figure 6 I-V

  13. Project CHECO Southeast Asia Report. Search and Rescue Operations in SEA, 1 January 1971 - 31 March 1972

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1972-10-17

    34 ................ 14 Figure 4. HH-43 " Pedro " .. ........... . 15 Figure 5. HC-130P "King" ....... ..... . Y•.•. 16 Figure 6. A-1 "Sandys" Escorting a...HH-43 " Pedros " were assigned to the 37th for the LBR mission. The Pedro helicopters were primarily used in non-hostile environments and were limited...available for combat rescue.9/ 40ARRSq. The 40ARRSq was also equipped with Jolly Green and Pedro helicopters. The squadron moved from Udorn RTAFB to NKP RTAFB

  14. Myocardial diseases of animals.

    PubMed Central

    Van Vleet, J. F.; Ferrans, V. J.

    1986-01-01

    seen less frequently; and, in contrast to man, coronary artery disease and myocardial ischemia are rather infrequent in animals. The present review shows clearly that the spectrum of myocardial diseases in animals is enlarging and that many newly recognized diseases are emerging and assuming considerable importance. For example, various heritable cardiomyopathies have recently been described in the KK mouse, cattle, and rats. Increasingly recognized myocardial diseases include cardiomyopathies in cats, dogs, and birds; anthracycline cardiotoxicity; furazolidone cardiotoxicity; ionophore cardiotoxicity; myocardial damage associated with central nervous system injuries; myocardial hypertrophy in Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 45 Figure 46 Figure 47 Figure 48 Figure 61 Figure 62 Figure 63 Figure 64 Figure 79 Figure 75 Figure 76 Figure 77 Figure 78 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 & 30 Figure 31 Figure 32 Figure 33 Figure 34 Figure 35 Figure 36 Figure 37 Figure 38 Figure 39 Figure 40 Figure 41 Figure 42 Figure 43 Figure 44 Figure 49 Figure 50 Figure 51 Figure 52 Figure 53 Figure 54 Figure 55 Figure 56 Figure 57 Figure 58 Figure 59 Figure 60 Figure 65 Figure 66 Figure 67 Figure 68 Figure 69 Figure 70 Figure 71 & 72 Figure 73 & 74 PMID:3524254

  15. Advanced Coats' disease.

    PubMed Central

    Haik, B G

    1991-01-01

    further study. Specimens from patients with intraocular hemorrhage should be viewed cautiously, since erythrocytes contain high levels of enolase. Analysis of subretinal aspirates is an extremely accurate method of confirming the diagnosis of Coats' disease. The key diagnostic findings are the presence of cholesterol crystals and pigment-laden macrophages and the absence of tumor cells on fresh preparations. The technique should be reserved for patients where retinoblastoma has been ruled out by all noninvasive means and massive subretinal drainage is anticipated. The natural progression in advanced Coats' disease is toward the development of a blind, painful eye. Spontaneous regression does rarely occur, and some eyes quietly progress to a phthisical state.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) Images FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 A FIGURE 4 B FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 FIGURE 33 FIGURE 34 A FIGURE 34 B FIGURE 35 FIGURE 36 FIGURE 38 FIGURE 39 FIGURE 41 FIGURE 42 FIGURE 43 FIGURE 44 FIGURE 45 FIGURE 46 A FIGURE 46 B FIGURE 47 A FIGURE 47 B FIGURE 48 A FIGURE 48 B FIGURE 49 FIGURE 50 FIGURE 51 FIGURE 52 FIGURE 54 FIGURE 54 (cont.) FIGURE 55 FIGURE 57 FIGURE 58 FIGURE 59 FIGURE 60 FIGURE 61 FIGURE 62 FIGURE 63 FIGURE 64 FIGURE 65 FIGURE 66 A FIGURE 66 B FIGURE 67 A FIGURE 67 B PMID:1808814

  16. Scar remodeling after strabismus surgery.

    PubMed Central

    Ludwig, I H

    1999-01-01

    limitation of versions, less separation of the tendons from sclera, and thicker appearance of the scar segments. The use of nonabsorbable sutures in the repair procedure reduced the recurrence rate. Histologic examination of the clinical stretched scar specimens showed dense connective tissue that was less well organized compared with normal tendon. In the tissue culture studies, cells cultured from the stretched scar specimens grew rapidly and were irregularly shaped. A high-molecular-weight protein was identified in the culture medium. By contrast, cells cultured from normal tendon (controls) grew more slowly and regularly, stopped growing at 4 days, and produced less total protein than cultured stretched scar specimens. In the animal model studies, the collagenase-treated sites showed elongated scars with increased collagen between the muscle and the sclera, as well as increased collagen creep rates, compared with the saline-treated controls. The use of nonabsorbable sutures in collagenase-treated animal model surgery sites was associated with shorter, thicker scars compared with similar sites sutured with absorbable sutures. CONCLUSIONS: A lengthened or stretched, remodeled scar between an operated muscle tendon and sclera is a common occurrence and is a factor contributing to the variability of outcome after strabismus repair, even years later. This abnormality may be revealed by careful exploration of previously operated muscles. Definitive repair requires firm reattachment of tendon to sclera with nonabsorbable suture support. Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 FIGURE 33 FIGURE 34 FIGURE 35 FIGURE 36 FIGURE 37 FIGURE 38 FIGURE 39 FIGURE 40 FIGURE 41 FIGURE 42 FIGURE 43 FIGURE 44 FIGURE 45 FIGURE 46 FIGURE 52

  17. The ultrastructure of conjunctival melanocytic tumors.

    PubMed Central

    Jakobiec, F A

    1984-01-01

    melanocytes and exhibited more haphazard arrangements of the melanofilaments, which were only partially melaninized. Mitochondria were more numerous than in dendritic melanocytes, and monoribosomes predominated over polyribosomes. Cytoplasmic filaments were inconspicuous. Cells in the immediate subepithelial connective tissue zone had features identical to those of the cells within the junctional nests. Smaller, lymphocytoid cells with less numerous and more rudimentary melanosomes were found in the middle and deeper portions of the lesions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) Images FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 42 FIGURE 67 FIGURE 1 FIGURE 62 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 37 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 FIGURE 33 FIGURE 34 FIGURE 35 FIGURE 36 FIGURE 38 FIGURE 39 FIGURE 40 FIGURE 41 FIGURE 43 FIGURE 44 FIGURE 45 FIGURE 46 FIGURE 47 FIGURE 48 FIGURE 49 FIGURE 50 FIGURE 51 FIGURE 52 FIGURE 53 FIGURE 54 FIGURE 55 FIGURE 56 FIGURE 57 FIGURE 58 FIGURE 59 FIGURE 60 FIGURE 61 FIGURE 63 FIGURE 64 FIGURE 65 FIGURE 66 FIGURE 68 FIGURE 69 FIGURE 70 FIGURE 71 FIGURE 72 FIGURE 73 FIGURE 74 FIGURE 75 FIGURE 76 FIGURE 77 FIGURE 78 FIGURE 79 FIGURE 80 FIGURE 81 FIGURE 82 FIGURE 83 FIGURE 84 FIGURE 85 FIGURE 86 FIGURE 87 FIGURE 88 FIGURE 89 PMID:6398936

  18. Acquired mitochondrial impairment as a cause of optic nerve disease.

    PubMed Central

    Sadun, A

    1998-01-01

    . ( Images FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURES 24 FIGURES 25 FIGURES 26 FIGURES 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 PMID:10360310

  19. Ocular explosion during cataract surgery: a clinical, histopathological, experimental, and biophysical study.

    PubMed Central

    Bullock, J D; Warwar, R E; Green, W R

    1998-01-01

    -bank eyes and the theoretical analyses of this entity show that the pressure required to produce such an injury is much more easily obtained with a 3- or 5-mL syringe than with a syringe 10 mL or larger. CONCLUSIONS: Explosion of an eyeball during the injection of anesthesia for ocular surgery is a devastating injury that may go unrecognized. The probability of an ocular explosion can be minimized by careful use of a syringe 10 mL or larger with a blunt needle, by discontinuing the injection if resistance is met, and by inspecting the globe prior to ocular massage or placement of a Honan balloon. When ocular explosion occurs, immediate referral to and intervention by a vitreoretinal surgeon is optimal. Practicing ophthalmologists should be aware of this blinding but preventable complication of ocular surgery. Images FIGURE 1 Figure 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 PMID:10360292

  20. Mammary gland neoplasia in long-term rodent studies.

    PubMed Central

    Russo, I H; Russo, J

    1996-01-01

    in cancer initiation. Comparative studies with the development of the human breast and the pathogenesis of breast cancer have contributed to validate rodent-to-human extrapolations. However, it has not been definitively established what type of information is necessary for human risk assessment, whether currently toxicity testing methodologies are sufficient for fulfilling those needs, or whether treatment-induced tumorigenic responses in rodents are predictive of potential human risk. An alternative to the traditional bioassays are mechanism-based toxicology and molecular and cellular approaches, combined with comparative in vitro systems. These approaches might allow the rapid screen of chemicals for setting priorities for further studies to determine the dose-response relationship for chemical effects at low doses, to assess effects other than mutagenesis and/or tumorigenesis, or to establish qualitative and quantitative relationships of biomarkers to toxic effects. Until there is enough information on the predictive value of mechanism-based toxicology for risk assessment, this approach should be used in conjunction with and validated by the traditional in vivo long-term bioassays. Images Figure 1. Figure 2. Figure 3. Figure 4. Figure 5. Figure 6. Figure 7. A Figure 7. B Figure 8. A Figure 8. B Figure 9. Figure 10. Figure 11. Figure 12. Figure 13. Figure 14. Figure 15. Figure 16. Figure 17. Figure 18. Figure 19. Figure 20. Figure 21. Figure 22. Figure 23. Figure 24. Figure 25. Figure 26. PMID:8899375

  1. Red krypton and blue-green argon panretinal laser photocoagulation for proliferative diabetic retinopathy: a laboratory and clinical comparison.

    PubMed Central

    Blankenship, G W

    1986-01-01

    than the pretreatment acuities with fewer cases having larger losses of vision in the krypton treated group. Loss of peripheral visual field was equal with the two types of treatment having a minimal decrease with the IV-4e isopter, but substantial loss with the I-4e isopter. Additional vitreous hemorrhage rarely occurred in either group, but was slightly more frequent in those treated with krypton. Complete regression was accomplished in most eyes with pretreatment disc and/or NVE in both groups, but persistence of neovascularization was more frequent in those treated with krypton. Overall, the wavelength used seemingly had little effect on the result.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 PMID:2438841

  2. CLINICAL EXPERIENCE WITH THE PORTABLE ELECTROMAGNETIC BALLISTOCARDIOGRAPH

    PubMed Central

    Rivin, Arthur U.

    1954-01-01

    The purpose of ballistocardiography is to obtain a rough objective measurement of the strength of the heart beat. Recordings have been made with a portable electromagnetic instrument on 225 persons, some normal, others with many kinds of cardiovascular disease, to determine the usefulness of the ballistocardiograph. Tracings were made at certain stages of respiration at rest and after exercise. The ballistocardiograph can in some cases be the principal diagnostic instrument in distinguishing cardiac from extracardiac disease, in the early detection of coronary artery disease, and in the diagnosis of myocarditis. It also may aid in the diagnosis of high output failure, pericardial effusion, nicotine sensitivity and coarctation or other occlusive disease of the aorta. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7.Figure 8.Figure 9.Figure 10.Figure 11.Figure 12.Figure 13.Figure 14.Figure 15. PMID:13116023

  3. Development of the granulomatous response in murine toxocariasis. Initial events.

    PubMed Central

    Kayes, S. G.; Oaks, J. A.

    1978-01-01

    The cellular evolution of the persisting, muscle-associated granuloma in murine toxocariasis (visceral larva migrans) was chronicled for 11 weeks by light and electron microscopy. The initial granuloma consisted primarily of eosinophils and appeared to develop from the acute inflammatory infiltrate. During the ensuing 48 hours, most of the eosinophils appeared to loose their granules and disintegrate. The resulting cellular debris was then taken up by newly arrived macrophages which become the predominant mononuclear cell in the lesion by 28 days of infection. By 11 weeks, the granuloma had become a fibrotically encapsulated epithelioid granuloma surrounding the inciting larva. This histologic reaction is compared with the liver granulomatous response to Toxocara and to the well-characterized schistosome egg granuloma. A possible delayed hypersensitive etiology for the Toxocara granuloma is suggested. Images Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 PMID:717533

  4. Finger Tip Amputations—Review of Procedures and Applications

    PubMed Central

    Sokol, Anthony B.; Berggren, Ronald B.

    1973-01-01

    Repair of finger tip amputations depends upon the slope of transsection and how much of the tip has been amputated. Type 1 and 2 injuries are easily handled in the emergency room by local flaps with results acceptable by functional and economic criteria. Type 3 amputations with losses of less than 25 percent can be repaired by primary closure. Losses of 50 percent or over are best treated by local or “distant” flaps from the involved or adjacent fingers or palm. Each style of flap and technique has advantages and disadvantages. ImagesFigure 12.Figure 14.Figure 15.Figure 16.Figure 17.Figure 20.Figure 21.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7.Figure 8.Figure 10.Figure 11.Figure 24.Figure 25.Figure 26.Figure 28.Figure 29.Figure 30.Figure 31.Figure 32. PMID:4580225

  5. Cultured corneal epithelia for ocular surface disease.

    PubMed Central

    Schwab, I R

    1999-01-01

    from any eye is difficult, making confirmation of such work challenging. 7. The results of the rabbit model suggest that allogeneic grafts may restore a nearly normal ocular epithelial surface to certain ocular surface injuries. Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 FIGURE 33 FIGURE 34 FIGURE 35 FIGURE 36 FIGURE 37 FIGURE 38 FIGURE 39 FIGURE 40 FIGURE 41 FIGURE 42 FIGURE 43 FIGURE 44 FIGURE 45 FIGURE 46 FIGURE 47 FIGURE 48 FIGURE 49 FIGURE 50 FIGURE 51 FIGURE 52 FIGURE 53 FIGURE 54 FIGURE 55 FIGURE 56 FIGURE 57 FIGURE 58 PMID:10703147

  6. Brown's syndrome: diagnosis and management.

    PubMed Central

    Wright, K W

    1999-01-01

    forced duction testing by observing the pattern of strabismus including torsion. Because of the chance for spontaneous resolution, conservative management, not surgery, should be the first line of treatment for acquired Brown's syndrome. If surgery is indicated, a novel procedure, the silicone tendon expander, is an effective option with excellent long-term outcomes. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 PMID:10703149

  7. Physiology and anatomy of synaptic connections between thick tufted pyramidal neurones in the developing rat neocortex.

    PubMed Central

    Markram, H; Lübke, J; Frotscher, M; Roth, A; Sakmann, B

    1997-01-01

    Images Figure 1 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 20 Figure 22 PMID:9147328

  8. The influence of salt on the structure and energetics of supercoiled DNA.

    PubMed Central

    Schlick, T.; Li, B.; Olson, W. K.

    1994-01-01

    supercoiled DNA function, not only for closed circular DNA,but also for linear DNA with small looped regions. Images FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 21 PMID:7696459

  9. Kinetics and ultrastructural studies of the induction of rat alveolar macrophage fusion by mediators released from mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes.

    PubMed Central

    Sone, S.; Bucana, C.; Hoyer, L. C.; Fidler, I. J.

    1981-01-01

    Treatment of F344 rat alveolar macrophages (AMs) in vitro with cell-free supernatant fluids obtained from concanavalin-A (Con A)-stimulated syngeneic lymphocytes induced extensive fusion. The lymphokine responsible for the fusion of AMs (but not other cells) is here referred to as AM fusion factor (Con-A-MFF). Fusion is dependent on the dose of Con-A-MFF and the population density of AM cultures and occurred 10 hours after Con-A-MFF was added to cultures of normal AMs. Con-A-MFF must interact with AMs for more than 8 hours before full expression of fusion is reached at 24 hours. Using a technique allowing for sequential scanning to transmission electron microscopy analysis of cells, the authors determined the relationship of the morphologic characteristics of the surface and the internal structure of cells fusing to form multinucleate giant cells (MGCs). The process of AM fusion begins with the aggregation of AMs, followed by interdigitation of cell processes. Serial sections of MGCs showed lysosomes associated with remnants of plasma membrane in the cytoplasm. The MGCs contained numerous organelles associated with increased secretory activity of cells. Images Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 3 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 PMID:7234965

  10. Reconstruction of the lids of a child with microblepharon and multiple congenital anomalies.

    PubMed Central

    Merriam, J C; Stalnecker, M C; Merriam, G R

    1988-01-01

    The initial stages in the rehabilitation of a male child with severe microblepharon, corneal opacities, bilateral facial clefts, bilateral complete cleft lip and palate, and unilateral syndactyly are described. Review of the literature suggests that severe microblepharon is associated with other craniofacial anomalies, and often the child is stillborn or retarded. Surviving children have been abandoned because of their appearance. The child described in this case appears to be unique because his intelligence is normal, and, to our knowledge, this is the first reported case of penetrating keratoplasty after reconstruction of functional eyelids. The principal problems after corneal grafting appear to have been chronic partial exposure due to inadequate lid length and a poor Bell's reflex and the persistence of a rim of vascularized fibrous tissue around the corneal graft. Future reconstructive surgery is outlined. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 PMID:2979029

  11. Ultrastructural analysis of contractile cell development in lung microvessels in hyperoxic pulmonary hypertension. Fibroblasts and intermediate cells selectively reorganize nonmuscular segments.

    PubMed Central

    Jones, R.

    1992-01-01

    The current study traces the development of contractile cells in the nonmuscular segments of rat lung microvessels in hyperoxic pulmonary hypertension. New intimal cells first develop into a well-defined layer beneath the endothelium and internal to an elastic lamina. Ultrastructurally, these cells are found to be 1) fibroblasts recruited to the vessel wall from the interstitium and 2) intermediate cells, a population of preexisting vascular cells (structurally between a smooth muscle cell and a pericyte). Early in hyperoxia (days 3 through 7), interstitial fibroblasts migrate and align around the smallest vessels in which an elastic lamina is either absent or fragmentary. These cells then are incorporated into the vessel wall by tropoelastin secretion and the formation of an elastic lamina along their abluminal margin. After day 7, the new mural fibroblasts acquire the features of contractile cells, namely a basal lamina, extensive microfilaments, and dense bodies. In other vessels, as early as day 3 of hyperoxia, intermediate cells within the vessel intima begin to acquire the additional filaments and dense bodies of contractile cells. As hyperoxia continues, each cell pathway gives rise to vessels with distinct intimal or medial layers of contractile cells. In this way, thick-walled 'newly muscularized' vessel segments form adjacent to the capillary bed. Images Figure 1 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 p1500-a Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:1466406

  12. Functional organization of mitotic microtubules. Physical chemistry of the in vivo equilibrium system.

    PubMed Central

    Inoué, S; Fuseler, J; Salmon, E D; Ellis, G W

    1975-01-01

    Equilibrium between mitotic microtubules and tubulin is analyzed, using birefringence of mitotic spindle to measure microtubule concentration in vivo. A newly designed temperature-controlled slide and miniature, thermostated hydrostatic pressure chamber permit rapid alteration of temperature and of pressure. Stress birefringence of the windows is minimized, and a system for rapid recording of compensation is incorporated, so that birefringence can be measured to 0.1 nm retardation every few seconds. Both temperature and pressure data yield thermodynamic values (delta H similar to 35 kcal/mol, delta S similar to 120 entropy units [eu], delta V similar to 400 ml/mol of subunit polymerized) consistent with the explanation that polymerization of tubulin is entropy driven and mediated by hydrophobic interactions. Kinetic data suggest pseudo-zero-order polymerization and depolymerization following rapid temperature shifts, and a pseudo-first-order depolymerization during anaphase at constant temperature. The equilibrium properties of the in vivo mitotic microtubules are compared with properties of isolated brain tubules. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 19 PMID:1139037

  13. Ultrastructural changes in the liver in heatstroke.

    PubMed Central

    Kew, M. C.; Minick, O. T.; Bahu, R. M.; Stein, R. J.; Kent, G.

    1978-01-01

    The ultrastructural changes in the human liver 24 to 96 hours after an attack of heatstroke are described. The alterations are most obvious along the vascular pole of the hepatocytes. These consist of degenerative changes or desquamation of sinusoidal lining cells, ballooning or flattening of microvilli, breaks in hepatocyte outer membranes, and electron-lucent vacuoles along the sinusoidal border. Also noteworthy is the appearance, in a number of cases, of basement membranes or ill-defined electron-dense material which may be of basement membrane character. Sinusoidal elements, such as erythrocytes, are found in hepatocytes, and hepatocellular debris appears in sinusoids. The membranes of hepatocytes and sinusoidal lining cells thus seem to be the prime targets of the hepatic injury in heatstroke. Other changes in the hepatocytes include vesiculation of endoplasmic reticulum, detachment of ribosomes, and alterations of mitochondria. Morphologic evidence of intravascular coagulation of intravascular hemolysis is often encountered. A comparison between the findings described here and those in experimental hyperthermia suggests that many of the hepatic changes seen in heatstroke are due to an excessively high tissue temperature per se but that some of the alterations are probably a consequence of complicating factors such as hypoxia, intravascular hemolysis, or disseminated intravascular coagulation. Images Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 PMID:629325

  14. Ultrastructural lesions of the liver in human peliosis. A report of 12 cases.

    PubMed Central

    Zafrani, E. S.; Cazier, A.; Baudelot, A. M.; Feldmann, G.

    1984-01-01

    Ultrastructural lesions of the liver were studied in 12 patients with peliosis hepatis. This vascular lesion consisted of cavities filled with red blood cells and sometimes lined with an endothelial barrier; the cavities were due to cystic dilatation of the space of Disse and/or sinusoidal lumen. The passage of red blood cells through the endothelial barrier was occasionally demonstrated. Other striking alterations included the presence of numerous blebs on the sinusoidal membrane of the hepatocytes and the existence of multiple cellular layers lining the sinusoids. Perisinusoidal fibrosis appeared on follow-up biopsies in 3 patients. There was no major abnormality of the hepatocytes or of the hepatic venules. These findings suggest that alterations of the sinusoidal barrier might constitute the primary event in peliosis, although secondary changes to increased pressure and hypoxia within the lobules cannot be excluded. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:6696047

  15. Evidence for the Involvement of a Specific Cell Wall Layer in Regulation of Deep Supercooling of Xylem Parenchyma

    PubMed Central

    Wisniewski, Michael; Davis, Glen

    1989-01-01

    Current theory indicates that the structure of the cell wall is integral to the ability of a tissue to exhibit deep supercooling. Our previous work has indicated that the structure of the pit membrane and/or amorphous layer (protective layer), rather than the entire cell wall, may play a major role in deep supercooling (21, 22). The present study indicates a shift in the low-temperature-exotherm of current year shoots of peach can be induced by soaking twigs in water over 3 to 10 days. Alternatively, these shifts can be inhibited by exposing tissues to 10−4 molar cycloheximide. Ultrastructural observations indicated a marked alteration of the amorphous layer in xylem parenchyma of water-soaked tissue. Alterations consisted of an apparent loosening or partial dissolution of portions of the amorphous layer. Changes in the density or uniformity of the amorphous layer in cycloheximide-treated tissues were not as readily apparent. The appearance of the protoplast in tissue soaked in water for up to 10 days was characteristic of deacclimated cells. However, in tissue soaked in cycloheximide for the same period these changes were not evident. These observations further support our contention that the structure of the amorphous layer may play a key role in establishing and regulating the ability of a cell to exhibit deep supercooling. Images Figure 2-3 Figure 4-7 Figure 8-11 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12-13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:16666988

  16. Surgical treatment of obesity: a review.

    PubMed Central

    Fobi, M. A. L.

    2004-01-01

    Obesity is a chronic disease due to excess fat storage, a genetic predisposition, and strong environmental contributions. This problem is worldwide, and the incidence is increasing daily. There are medical, physical, social, economic, and psychological comorbid conditions associated with obesity. There is no cure for obesity except possibly prevention. Nonsurgical treatment has been inadequate in providing sustained weight loss. Currently, surgery offers the only viable treatment option with longterm weight loss and maintenance for the morbidly obese. Surgeries for weight loss are called bariatric surgeries. There is no one operation that is effective for all patients. Gastric bypass operations are the most common operations currently used. Because there are inherent complications from surgeries, bariatric surgeries should be performed in a multidisciplinary setting. The laparoscopic approach is being used by some surgeons in performing the various operations. The success rate--usually defined as >50% excess weight loss that is maintained for at least five years from bariatric surgery--ranges from 40% in the simple to >70% in the complex operations. The weight loss from surgical treatment results in significant improvements and, in some cases, complete resolution of comorbid conditions associated with obesity. Patients undergoing surgery for obesity need lifelong nutritional supplements and medical monitoring. Images Figure 4 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:14746355

  17. Histochemical and ultrastructural studies in fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (myositis ossificans progressiva).

    PubMed Central

    Maxwell, W. A.; Spicer, S. S.; Miller, R. L.; Halushka, P. V.; Westphal, M. C.; Setser, M. E.

    1977-01-01

    By light microscopy the subdermal nodule of a patient with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) had a fibromatoid histologic appearance. The cytoplasm of the cells stained strongly for mannose-rich glycoprotein with the concanavalin A-horseradish peroxidase (con A-HRP) method. The tumors also exhibited abundant hyaluronidase-digestible mucopolysaccharide in the interstitium with various basic staining reagents. This material appeared to consist principally of hyaluronic acid or chondroitin sulfate with few or mainly masked sulfate esters. At the ultrastructural level, cells interpreted as the tumor cells in the subdermal nodule from the patient displayed extremely hyperplastic granular reticulum and well-developed Golgi elements and appeared very active in synthesis and secretion of protein. The material in the dilated cisternae of the granular reticulum stained for glycoprotein with the con-A-HRP method. Macrophages which comprised the other main cell type in the nodules commonly contacted the tumor cells and occasionally evidenced engulfment of these cells. The intercellular matrix of the nonossified subdermal nodule exhibited greatly increased mucosubstance and, by electron microscopy, showed an unusual network of dialyzed iron-reactive acid muco-substance in the interstitium. Images Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figures 15-16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 1 Figures 2-3 PMID:141214

  18. Ultrastructural studies of the gray platelet syndrome.

    PubMed Central

    White, J. G.

    1979-01-01

    The gray platelet syndrome (GPS) is a rare inherited disorder in which peripheral blood platelets are relatively large, vacuolated, and almost devoid of cytoplasmic granulation. In the present study we have evaluated the ultrastructure and cytochemistry of platelets from 2 patients with the GPS to determine precisely which organelles are missing from their cells. The findings indicate that gray platelets contain normal numbers of mitochondria, dense bodies, peroxisomes, and lysosomes but specifically lack alpha-granules. Preliminary studies of megakaryocytes from 1 of the 2 patients suggest that the defect in granule formation may lie at the level of the Golgi zone. Images Figure 15 Figure 16 Figures 17 and 18 Figures 19 and 20 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figures 5 and 6 Figures 7 and 8 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 29 Figure 30 Figure 31 Figure 32 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figures 13 and 14 Figures 21 and 22 Figures 23 through 26 Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:453324

  19. Pulmonary and thoracic macrophage subpopulations and clearance of particles from the lung.

    PubMed Central

    Lehnert, B E

    1992-01-01

    Pulmonary macrophages consist of several subpopulations that can be defined by their anatomical locations as well as by other criteria. In addition to the well-known alveolar macrophages that reside on the alveolar surface, pulmonary macrophages also occur in the conducting airways, in various pulmonary interstitial regions, and, in some mammalian species, in the lung's intravascular compartment. Other thoracic macrophages of relevance to pulmonary defense and some lung disease processes are the pleural macrophages resident in the pleural space and macrophages present in regional lymph nodes that receive lymphatic drainage from the lung. Of the above subpopulations of pulmonary and thoracic macrophages, the alveolar macrophages have received the most experimental attention in the context of the pulmonary clearance and retention of deposited particles. Accordingly, less information is currently available regarding the roles other pulmonary and thoracic populations of macrophages may play in the removal of particles from the lower respiratory tract and associated tissue compartments. This report provides an overview of the various subpopulations of pulmonary and thoracic macrophages, as defined by their anatomical locations. The known and postulated roles of macrophages in the pulmonary clearance and retention of particles are reviewed, with particular emphasis on macrophage-associated processes involved in the pulmonary clearance of relatively insoluble particles. Images FIGURE 1. FIGURE 2. FIGURE 3. FIGURE 5. FIGURE 8. FIGURE 12. FIGURE 14. FIGURE 15. FIGURE 16. FIGURE 17. FIGURE 18. FIGURE 19. A FIGURE 19. B FIGURE 21. FIGURE 22. PMID:1396454

  20. Robotic Range Clearance Competition (R2C2)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    12 3.8.1. Paddock ...11 Figure 11. Diagram of the Paddock Layout...13 Figure 12. Paddock in Use during the Competition .......................................................................13 Figure 13. R2C2

  1. Network Modeling and Simulation Environment (NEMSE)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-07-01

    Loop Using OPNET Modeler Demo ................................................ 3 3.2.3 COPE Demo...11 B 4.3 OPNET ...13 Figure 15: Antenna Pattern in OpNet ............................................................................... 13 Figure 16: NEMSE Box

  2. The soft keratoprosthesis.

    PubMed Central

    Caldwell, D R

    1997-01-01

    appearance. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 17A FIGURE 17B FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 PMID:9440192

  3. Rat alveolar myofibroblasts acquire alpha-smooth muscle actin expression during bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis.

    PubMed Central

    Vyalov, S. L.; Gabbiani, G.; Kapanci, Y.

    1993-01-01

    The majority of fibroblasts in alveolar septa are characterized by the presence of cytoplasmic bundles of microfilaments that contain cytoplasmic actin isoforms; these cells have been named contractile interstitial cells or V-type myofibroblasts. In the rat, they express desmin as intermediate filament protein. In this study, we explored the possibility that modulation and replication of such septal fibroblasts result in the appearance of alpha-smooth muscle (alpha-SM) actin-positive myofibroblasts, typical of lung fibrosis. Experimental pulmonary fibrosis was produced by a unique intratracheal instillation of bleomycin to 28 rats. Eight additional rats used as controls received the equivalent volume of saline. Paraffin and frozen sections of lungs were examined at days 1, 3, 5 and 7 after treatment. Microfilaments and intermediate filaments were stained using antibodies against total actin, alpha-SM actin, desmin, vimentin, keratin, and SM myosin. Electron microscopic labeling of desmin and alpha-SM actin using immunogold technique was done on Lowicryl K4M resin-embedded specimens. alpha-SM actin appeared in desmin-positive alveolar fibroblasts as early as 24 hours after intratracheal bleomycin instillation; the modulation of alpha-SM actin in these cells was preceded by a lymphomonocytic infiltration of alveolar septa. Twenty-four hours to 3 days after bleomycin administration, a proliferation of alveolar myofibroblasts occurred. Fibrosis with laying down of collagen fibers took place after the above mentioned cellular modifications. Our results support the view that septal fibroblastic cells can modulate into typical alpha-SM actin-containing myofibroblasts during experimental bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. In such a modulation a possible role of cytokines, particularly of transforming growth factor-beta, is considered. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14

  4. Acute respiratory bronchiolitis: an ultrastructural and autoradiographic study of epithelial cell injury and renewal in rhesus monkeys exposed to ozone.

    PubMed Central

    Castleman, W. L.; Dungworth, D. L.; Schwartz, L. W.; Tyler, W. S.

    1980-01-01

    The pathogenesis of acute respiratory bronchiolitis was examined in rhesus monkeys exposed to 0.8 ppm ozone fpr 4--50 hours. Epithelial injury and renewal was qualitatively and quantitatively characterized by correlated techniques of scanning and transmission electron microscopy as well as by light-microscopic autoradiography following labeling with tritiated thymidine. Extensive degeneration and necrosis of Type 1 epithelial cells occurred on the respiratory bronchiolar wall during the initial 4--12 hours of exposure. Increased numbers of labeled epithelial cells were present in this region after 18 hours of exposure, and the highest labeling index (18% was measured after 50 hours of exposure. Most (67--80%) of the labeled cells and all the mitotic epithelial cells (22) observed ultrastructurally were cuboidal bronchiolar epithelial cells. Of the labeled epithelial cells, 20--33% were Type 2 epithelial cells. After 50 hours of exposure the respiratory bronchiolar epithelium was hyperplastic. The predominant inflammatory cell in respiratory bronchiolar exudate was the alveolar macrophage. Monkeys that were exposed for 50 hours and allowed to recover in unozonized air for 7 days had incomplete resolution of respiratory bronchiolar epithelial hyperplasia. The results indicate that Type 1 epithelial cells lining respiratory bronchioles are the cell type most sensitive to injury and that both cuboidal bronchiolar epithelial cells and Type 2 epithelial cells function as stem cells in epithelial renewal. Images Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 23 Figure 24 Figure 25 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 26 Figure 27 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:6767409

  5. Salivary gland monomorphic adenoma. Ultrastructural, immunoperoxidase, and histogenetic aspects.

    PubMed Central

    Dardick, I.; Kahn, H. J.; Van Nostrand, A. W.; Baumal, R.

    1984-01-01

    Monomorphic adenoma of basal cell type is a salivary gland tumor believed to result from a proliferation of a single type of cell. However, ultrastructural and immunocytochemical investigations of 6 monomorphic adenomas (5 from parotid and 1 from intraoral minor salivary gland) indicate that there are two classes of these lesions, one composed of two types of tumor cells and the other wholly or predominantly made up of one type of cell (isomorphic). In the former group, the organization of the tumor cells closely mimicked that of normal and hyperplastic salivary gland intercalated ducts. Aggregates of tumor cells were arranged as an inner layer of luminal epithelial cells which were surrounded by an outer layer of cells that, in some cases, had ultrastructural and immunohistochemical features indicating myoepithelial cell differentiation. In some adenomas formed by two types of tumor cells, basal-lamina-lined extracellular spaces were identified ultrastructurally in relation to modified myoepithelial cells; such spaces had the same fine-structural features as those reported in pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Predominantly isomorphic adenomas were composed exclusively of luminal epithelial cells. These results indicate that despite the varied histologic patterns in the numerous subtypes of monomorphic adenoma, there is a central theme of differentiation and organization in this type of neoplasm which recapitulates the ductoacinar unit of normal salivary gland parenchyma. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:6375388

  6. Molecular dynamics study of the M412 intermediate of bacteriorhodopsin.

    PubMed Central

    Xu, D; Sheves, M; Schulten, K

    1995-01-01

    Molecular dynamics simulations have been carried out to study the M412 intermediate of bacteriorhodopsin's (bR) photocycle. The simulations start from two simulated structures for the L550 intermediate of the photocycle, one involving a 13-cis retinal with strong torsions, the other a 13,14-dicis retinal, from which the M412 intermediate is initiated through proton transfer to Asp-85. The simulations are based on a refined structure of bR568 obtained through all-atom molecular dynamics simulations and placement of 16 waters inside the protein. The structures of the L550 intermediates were obtained through simulated photoisomerization and subsequent molecular dynamics, and simulated annealing. Our simulations reveal that the M412 intermediate actually comprises a series of conformations involving 1) a motion of retinal; 2) protein conformational changes; and 3) diffusion and reconfiguration of water in the space between the retinal Schiff base nitrogen and the Asp-96 side group. (1) turns the retinal Schiff base nitrogen from an early orientation toward Asp-85 to a late orientation toward Asp-96; (2) disconnects the hydrogen bond network between retinal and Asp-85 and tilts the helix F of bR, enlarging bR's cytoplasmic channel; (3) adds two water molecules to the three water molecules existing in the cytoplasmic channel at the bR568 stage and forms a proton conduction pathway. The conformational change (2) of the protein involves a 60 degrees bent of the cytoplasmic side of helix F and is induced through a break of a hydrogen bond between Tyr-185 and a water-side group complex in the counterion region. Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 PMID:8599681

  7. Products of cells cultured from gliomas. VI. Immunofluorescent, morphometric, and ultrastructural characterization of two different cell types growing from explants of human gliomas.

    PubMed Central

    McKeever, P. E.; Smith, B. H.; Taren, J. A.; Wahl, R. L.; Kornblith, P. L.; Chronwall, B. M.

    1987-01-01

    cell types may increase our understanding of the mechanism of antigenic changes in gliomas and may provide clues to improved therapeutic approaches. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:3555104

  8. Eduard Jaeger's Test-Types (Schrift-Scalen) and the historical development of vision tests.

    PubMed Central

    Runge, P E

    2000-01-01

    PURPOSE: Eduard Jaeger's original Test-Types were carefully evaluated: (1) to determine whether Jaeger had maintained a consistent standard, (2) to establish the correct Snellen equivalent for Jaeger's Test-Types, (3) to answer the question of why and how the standard was lost, and (4) to compare the visual angle of optotypes to lines of continuous text. METHODS: All original Viennese editions of Jaeger's Test-Types, as well as first generation United Kingdom (UK) and United States (US) versions, were evaluated. Data were collected objectively using a microruler with a 20X loupe and subjectively using a laser distance-measuring device. The data were analyzed using Microsoft Excel. All previous measurements of Jaeger's Test-Types, objective and subjective, collected over the past 133 years were compared to the current data and to each other. RESULTS: The correct Snellen equivalent of Jaeger's Test-Types was determined. The visual angle created from the measurement of the height of lowercase letters, without ascenders or descenders, provides an accurate method of assigning a visual angle of a line of continuous text. Comparing the typefaces used in printing first generation UK and US versions of Jaeger's Test-Types to the Viennese editions provided an explanation for the absence of a consistent standard for Jaeger's Test-Types today. CONCLUSIONS: All 10 versions of Jaeger's original Test-Types are virtually identical and established a gold standard for reading vision tests. Jaeger's standard was lost when his Test-Types were first printed in the UK and the US using local typefaces. The Jaeger standard has been re-established. Visual angles determined using continuous text are comparable to those obtained by using optotypes. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7C FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19A FIGURE 19B p409-a FIGURE 20 FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 FIGURE

  9. Ultrastructure of the myocardium after pulmonary embolism. A study in the rat.

    PubMed Central

    Cuénoud, H. F.; Joris, I.; Majno, G.

    1978-01-01

    of right-sided failure; it can be correlated with the electrocardiographic abnormalities found in the comparable human condition. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 16 Figure 17 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 Figure 8 Figure 21 Figure 22 Figure 9 Figure 23 Figure 10 Figure 24 Figure 11 Figure 25 Figure 26 Figure 12 Figure 27 Figure 28 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:677269

  10. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Zaki, Sherif R.; Greer, Patricia w.; Coffield, Lisa M.; Goldsmith, Cynthia S.; Nolte, Kurt B.; Foucar, Kathy; Feddersen, Richard M.; Zumwalt, Ross E.; Miller, Gayle L.; Khan, Ali S.; Rollin, Pierre E.; Ksiazek, Thomas G.; Nichol, Stuart T.; Mahy, Brian W.J.; Peters, Clarence J.

    1995-01-01

    a newly recognized, often fatal disease, with a spectrum of microscopic morphological changes, which may be an important cause of severe and fatal illness presenting as adult respiratory distress syndrome. ImagesFigure 1Figure 2Figure 3Figure 4Figure 5Figure 6Figure 7Figure 8Figure 9Figure 10Figure 11Figure 12Figure 13Figure 14Figure 15 PMID:7887439

  11. Increased atherosclerosis and glomerulonephritis in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) given injections of BSA over an extended period of time.

    PubMed Central

    Stills, H. F.; Bullock, B. C.; Clarkson, T. B.

    1983-01-01

    , attached to, and penetrating into the intima of the coronary lesions. No correlation was seen between the development of glomerulonephritis and either aortic or coronary artery atherosclerosis. Images Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 Figure 15 PMID:6227252

  12. Cellular localization of interleukin-8 and its inducer, tumor necrosis factor-alpha in psoriasis.

    PubMed Central

    Nickoloff, B. J.; Karabin, G. D.; Barker, J. N.; Griffiths, C. E.; Sarma, V.; Mitra, R. S.; Elder, J. T.; Kunkel, S. L.; Dixit, V. M.

    1991-01-01

    transforming growth factor-alpha mRNAs. Further elucidation of the cellular and molecular basis for the genesis and evolution of psoriasis will provide the framework for a better evaluation of the cause and treatment of this skin disease. Images Figure 1 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 14 Figure 15 Figure 16 PMID:1702929

  13. 16 CFR Figure 13 to Part 1633 - Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation 13 Figure 13 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633, Fig. 13 Figure...

  14. 16 CFR Figure 13 to Part 1633 - Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation 13 Figure 13 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633, Fig. 13 Figure...

  15. 16 CFR Figure 13 to Part 1633 - Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation 13 Figure 13 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633, Fig. 13 Figure...

  16. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 679 - BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone 13 Figure 13 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 679—BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch...

  17. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 679 - BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone 13 Figure 13 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 679—BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch...

  18. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 679 - BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone 13 Figure 13 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 679—BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch...

  19. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 679 - BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone 13 Figure 13 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 679—BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch...

  20. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 679 - BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch Limitations Zone 13 Figure 13 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL... ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 679—BSAI C. Opilio Tanner Crab Bycatch...

  1. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 223 - Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening 13 Figure 13 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 13 Figure 13 to Part 223—Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening EC01JY91.060 ...

  2. Unified Kinetic Approach for Simulation of Gas Flows in Rarefied and Continuum Regimes

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Number: WPAFB 07-0761, 21 Dec 2007. 14 . ABSTRACT This report was developed under a SBIR contract. The objective of this effort was to develop a...experiment) .................................... 14 Figure 6 Comparison of the UFS results with DSMC results for the shock wave problem at Mach...5........................................................................................................... 14 Figure 7 Comparison of Tx and Ty for

  3. 50 CFR Figure 14 to Part 679 - Sablefish Regulatory Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Sablefish Regulatory Areas 14 Figure 14 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 14 Figure 14 to Part 679—Sablefish Regulatory Areas ER15NO99.012 ...

  4. 50 CFR Figure 14 to Part 679 - Sablefish Regulatory Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Sablefish Regulatory Areas 14 Figure 14 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 14 Figure 14 to Part 679—Sablefish Regulatory Areas ER15NO99.012 ...

  5. 50 CFR Figure 14 to Part 679 - Sablefish Regulatory Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Sablefish Regulatory Areas 14 Figure 14 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 14 Figure 14 to Part 679—Sablefish Regulatory Areas ER15NO99.012 ...

  6. 50 CFR Figure 14 to Part 679 - Sablefish Regulatory Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Sablefish Regulatory Areas 14 Figure 14 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 14 Figure 14 to Part 679—Sablefish Regulatory Areas ER15NO99.012 ...

  7. 50 CFR Figure 15 to Part 223 - Weedless TED Brace Bar Description

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Weedless TED Brace Bar Description 15 Figure 15 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 15 Figure 15 to Part 223—Weedless TED Brace Bar Description ER21FE03.003 ...

  8. 50 CFR Figure 15 to Part 223 - Weedless TED Brace Bar Description

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Weedless TED Brace Bar Description 15 Figure 15 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 15 Figure 15 to Part 223—Weedless TED Brace Bar Description ER21FE03.003 ...

  9. 50 CFR Figure 15 to Part 223 - Weedless TED Brace Bar Description

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Weedless TED Brace Bar Description 15 Figure 15 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 15 Figure 15 to Part 223—Weedless TED Brace Bar Description ER21FE03.003 ...

  10. 50 CFR Figure 15 to Part 223 - Weedless TED Brace Bar Description

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Weedless TED Brace Bar Description 15 Figure 15 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 15 Figure 15 to Part 223—Weedless TED Brace Bar Description ER21FE03.003 ...

  11. 50 CFR Figure 15 to Part 223 - Weedless TED Brace Bar Description

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Weedless TED Brace Bar Description 15 Figure 15 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND.... 223, Fig. 15 Figure 15 to Part 223—Weedless TED Brace Bar Description ER21FE03.003 ...

  12. Restructuring the Military Retirement System for Cost Savings and Increased Officer Satisfaction

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-06-01

    Annuity Value When Interest Rate is 6% ........................................................................................................13...Figure 2. TSP Value Superimposed over Retirement Annuity Value When Interest Rate is 10...6 Table 2. PVIFA Discounted at 3% and 7% Interest Rates ...............................................8

  13. Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-16

    Border Fence Construction Process and Funding................................................................. 18 Types of Fences and Barriers...33 Figures Figure 1. Imperial Beach Station Apprehensions...13 Figure 3. Apprehensions at San Diego Sector Stations, Excluding Imperial Beach and Chula Vista

  14. Methods of and system for swing damping movement of suspended objects

    DOEpatents

    Jones, J.F.; Petterson, B.J.; Strip, D.R.

    1991-03-05

    A payload suspended from a gantry is swing damped in accordance with a control algorithm based on the periodic motion of the suspended mass or by servoing on the forces induced by the suspended mass. 13 figures.

  15. Liberty and Lethality: Integrating MC-12W Liberty and Light Attack/Armed Reconnaissance Aircraft operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-05-20

    AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 13 . SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES In April 2008, the United States Air... 13 MC-12W Systems... 13 Figure 5. MC-12W Pro Line 21 Cockpit

  16. Whimsical Path to Math: Implementing the Navigations Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christy, Donna M.

    2006-01-01

    This article describes lessons that link mathematics topics with literature, the NCTM's Navigations series, and art projects. Each lesson is designed around a theme and is laced throughout with fantasy. (Contains 13 figures.)

  17. Wilbrand's knee of the primate optic chiasm is an artefact of monocular enucleation.

    PubMed Central

    Horton, J C

    1997-01-01

    chiasm. It forms gradually over a period of years following monocular enucleation, presumably from shrinkage of the optic chiasm caused by atrophy of fibers from the enucleated eye. Therefore, the superior temporal hemianopia in the "other eye" seen in the anterior chiasmal syndrome cannot be due to compression of Wilbrand's Knee. I propose that it occurs from combined compression of the optic chiasm and one (or both) optic nerves. Images FIGURE 2 FIGURE 5A FIGURE 5B FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 A FIGURE 7 B FIGURE 7 C FIGURE 7 D FIGURE 7 E FIGURE 7 F FIGURE 7 G FIGURE 7 H FIGURE 8A FIGURE 8B FIGURE 9A FIGURE 9B FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11A FIGURE 11B FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 20 PMID:9440188

  18. Integrated Transceiver Chip Application in Free Space Optical Communication

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    array fabrications include wafer growth, quantum well intermixing of the wafers, grating fabrications, and DBR laser fabrications. The details are...12 3.2 QUANTUM WELL INTERMIXING ...15 FLOW CHART OF QUANTUM WELL INTERMIXING .......................................................................................... 14 FIGURE 16

  19. High Linearity Wideband Coherent Amplitude Modulation (AM) Radio Frequency (RF)-Photonic Links

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-10-01

    HOMODYNE DETECTION............................4 FIGURE 3. A DUAL- BALANCED DETECTOR...STRETCHER WOUND WITH PM FIBER..........................................................................14 FIGURE 10. THE DUAL- BALANCED PHOTODETECTOR...46 FIGURE 35. A SECOND SCHEME FOR BALANCING THE Y-JUNCTION

  20. Decision Space Operations: Campaign Design Aimed at an Adversary’s Decision Making

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-01-01

    14 Figure 3: Reflexive control, Initial situation (physical reality ...20 Figure 4: Reflexive control, reality as X imagines it to be...20 Figure 5: Reflexive control, reality as Y imagines it to be .......................................................21 Figure 6: Reflexive

  1. Building Personalized Interactive Computer-Based Nonlinear Algebra Tutorials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPherson, Ronald F.; Tyson, Velma

    2007-01-01

    This article presents lesson plans that use downloadable spreadsheet tools that relate symbolic and graphical representations of functions. Instructions and a template allow readers to create personalized tools without programming. (Contains 14 figures.)

  2. Coastal Bathymetry Using Satellite Observation in Support of Intelligence Preparation of the Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-09-01

    14 Figure 8. Bathymetry of San Diego Harbor estimated by IKONOS (left) compared with Fugro multibeam ......is the ground truth bathymetry of San Diego Harbor as determined six months after the satellite imagery from a Fugro West multibeam SONAR survey

  3. The Effects of Hypoxic Hypoxia on Cognitive Performance Decay

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-05-04

    20 Jul 2015 LIST OF FIGURES Page Figure 1. CRT Total Response Time...14 Figure 3. CRT Reaction Time ......................................................................................................17 Figure 4...SRT Reaction Time ......................................................................................................18 Figure 5. CRT Movement

  4. Optimizing an F-16 Squadron Weekly Pilot Schedule for the Turkish Air Force

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    implementation of Construction Heuristic (Aslan 2003) ................................ 13 Figure 3. Monday AM Network Flow Model (Boyd et al., 2006...author claims that a weekly schedule can be created using the heuristic (Aslan,2003). 13 . Figure 2. Software implementation of Construction...FORCE THESIS Murat Yavuz, First Lieutenant, TUAF AFIT-OR-MS-ENS-10-11 DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE AIR UNIVERSITY AIR FORCE INSTITUTE OF

  5. Dynamic Response of Composite Structures Underwater

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-09-01

    6 B. COMPOSITE FABRICATION ...15 Figure 9. Strain Gages Fully Attached and Waterproofed ...Vacuum hose 7 • Spiral wrap • Resin trap • Vacuum Gage • Glass Foundation B. COMPOSITE FABRICATION 1. Plate Sample Procedure a. Step 1

  6. Simulation of Fort Peck Lake Temperature Releases and Downstream Missouri River Temperatures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-09

    from Fort Peck Dam to Frazer Rapids and Wolf Point, MT...Missouri River from Fort Peck Dam to Wolf Point...15 Figure 9. 2004 simulated temperature increases in the Missouri River from Fort Peck Dam to Wolf Point

  7. Demonstration and Analysis of Reusable Launch Vehicle Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-08-01

    15 Figure 9: P-7B Parachute Recovery...to the Launch Site......................................................... 18 Figure 12: P-7A Flight Profile - From Liftoff to Parachute Deployment...9 Table 6. Updated Model of P-7A Trajectory Events ...................................................... 19 Table

  8. Evaluation of errors due to Compton scattering in gamma-ray emission imaging

    SciTech Connect

    Bruno, M.F.

    1983-12-01

    A set of computer simulation programs were developed to aid in the design of new instrumentation and in the design and evaluation of algorithms for scatter correction in positron emission computed tomography. 14 references, 15 figures, 3 tables. (ACR)

  9. A Study of the Seastar Underwater Acoustic Local Area Network Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    profound effect on the noise spectrum level. Based on empirical formulas by Coates [5].....................................................13 Figure 8...nodes has a profound effect on latency and limits the maximum number of nodes n for case study A and 1bR = 3000 bits/s, 2 2000bR = bits/s to 9n...Coates [5]. Figure 7 demonstrates that the wind speed has a profound effect on the value of the NSL. 13 Figure 7 Increase of wind speed has

  10. Aqueous Solution Heat Pipe Transport: Qu-Tube vs. Capillary-Pumped Heat Pipe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    9 Figure 5: Progressive IR Images for the V- Meniscus of HP-1(left) and HP-1...N (right) ............................ 10 Figure 6: Progressive IR Images for the V- Meniscus of QT-1 (left) and HP-1 (right...11 Figure 7: Progressive IR Images for the H- Meniscus of QT-1 (left) and HP-1 (right) ............................... 13 Figure 8

  11. Power Conditioning for MEMS-Based Waste Vibrational Energy Harvester

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    connected to achieve required power levels for military applications. Microfabrication processes allow for building large number of such devices at the...power needs, multiple devices need to be connected to achieve required power levels for military applications. Microfabrication processes allow for...13 Figure 12. Series circuit for capacitive impedance (a) and phase diagram of impedance (b), from [6

  12. 16 CFR Figures 11, 12 and 13 to... - Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil 11, Figures 11, 12 and 13 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Figs. 11, 12, 13 Figures...

  13. 16 CFR Figures 11, 12 and 13 to... - Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil 11, Figures 11, 12 and 13 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Figs. 11, 12, 13 Figures...

  14. 16 CFR Figures 11, 12 and 13 to... - Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil 11, Figures 11, 12 and 13 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Figs. 11, 12, 13 Figures...

  15. 16 CFR Figure 13 to Part 1633 - Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation 13 Figure 13 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633, Fig. 13...

  16. 16 CFR Figures 11, 12 and 13 to... - Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil 11, Figures 11, 12 and 13 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Figs. 11, 12, 13 Figures...

  17. 16 CFR Figures 11, 12 and 13 to... - Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Hemispherical Anvil and Curbstone Anvil 11, Figures 11, 12 and 13 to Part 1203 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARD FOR BICYCLE HELMETS Pt. 1203, Figs. 11, 12, 13 Figures...

  18. 16 CFR Figure 13 to Part 1633 - Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Labels for Imported Mattress With Foundation 13 Figure 13 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633, Fig. 13...

  19. Hyperspectral Imagery for Large Area Survey of Organophosphate Pesticides

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-03-26

    13 Figure 4 –Interferogram from 25μL DMMP on stainless steel ...28 Figure 17 - Mean spectral intensities for spectra obtained from DMMP on stainless steel ...30 Figure 19 - Mean spectral intensities for spectra obtained from DMMP on stainless steel . The trend line is forced

  20. An Exploration of Advanced Distributed Learning Service Success Measures for Social Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    Kaplan , R.S. and D.P. Norton . The Balanced Scorecard : Translating Strategy into Action. Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review, 1996. Krathwohl, D.R...stakeholders. Figure 9: Balanced Scorecard Strategic Planning and Management System (Reprinted from Balanced Scorecard Institute, adapted from Kaplan ...Success ....................................................13 Figure 9: Balanced Scorecard Strategic Planning and Management System

  1. Regional Sea Level Scenarios for Coastal Risk Management: Managing the Uncertainty of Future Sea Level Change and Extreme Water Levels for Department of Defense Coastal Sites Worldwide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-04-01

    3-31 Figure 3.9 Fingerprints of (a) Glaciers ...Adjustments for Ice-Melt Contribution from Glaciers and Ice Caps for the 1.0-Meter Scenario in 2100...4-13 Figure 4.8 Cumulative Regional Adjustments for Ice-Melt Contributions from Glaciers

  2. An Experiment in Collaborative Team Decision Making in Complex Information Processing Environments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-28

    researchers.13 Figure 2: Sample MERMAIDS Screen with Incident Map (right side) And Incident Aerial Photograph (left side...SAS: Applications Programming: A Gentle Introduction. Belmont, CA: Duxbury Press. 14 MERMAIDS -- Medical Emergency Response using Military Asset in...an Integrated Decision Support ( MERMAIDS )2. Figure 2 shows a screen capture of the MERMAIDS interface with possible location of incidents and the

  3. Clutter Identification Using Electromagnetic Survey Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    Demonstration at the former Spencer Artillery Range, TN during May 2012. The dynamic test area covered 0.5 Ha of open field. We report the classification...2 Figure 4-1 – Spencer Range demonstration site layout...the MP system for the Dynamic Area at the former Spencer Artillery Range, TN. .....................................13 Figure 7-1 – Data contour

  4. Multiple Strategy Bio-Detection Sensor Platforms Made From Carbon and Polymer Materials

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    antibodies would bind in a uniform manner to the nitrocellulose-coated slides. In addition it was demonstrated that antibodies that recognize E . coli bacteria can...bacteria in solution. 13 Figure 11: The image on the left is of E . coli bacteria captured by antibodies and the image on the right is of Primary antibody

  5. Designing Collaboration: How to Prepare SOF Augmentation Teams for Assignment to a U.S. Embassy Country Team

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    19 A. THE DESIGN THINKING APPROACH ...................................................20 B. THE DESIGN THINKING SYSTEM...OF FIGURES Figure 1. Rationale for collaboration (from Milward & Provan, 2006, p. 9) ..................13 Figure 2. The design thinking approach ...for your never-ending support! You mean the world to us. xviii I. INTRODUCTION The whole-of-government approach is absolutely crucial to getting

  6. Process Improvements for the AH-64 Tail Rotor Vibration Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    Free vortex wake (Scully) ! 7. Wind turbine induction flow (rotors only) a 1...Scissor Tail Rotor Variant 7 Figure 4. RPM Sensor Installation (17) 12 Figure 5. Accelerometer and Tachometer Installation locations. (17) 13 Figure...weight adjusted made to the aft pocket. (17) An accelerometer is used to measure the accelerations in vertical direction. An optical tachometer is

  7. 9 April 1940 German Invasion of Norway - The Dawn of Decisive Airpower during Joint Military Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-03-01

    illustrate Britain’s slow and half-hearted response. As early as the morning of 7 April, Royal Air Force Hudsons sighted one cruiser and six destroyers...Luftwaffe Attack on the British Home Fleet ..............................................................23 LESSONS FOR TODAY’S MILITARY...Figure 2. Weseruebung Command Structure / Operational Organization ........................13 Figure 3. German Attack on Norway, 7 - 9 April 1940

  8. An Incremental Language Conversion Method to Convert C++ into Ada95

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-12-01

    Background ........................................................................... 10 2.1 Software Layer Architecture... 10 2.2 The Object-Oriented Model of RDT ........................................... 12 3. Sum m ary of Current Knowledge... 10 Figure 2. The Object-Oriented Model of RDT ................................. 13 Figure 3. An example to describe the difference

  9. AM2 Opposite Lay Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    7 Figure 4. CBR vs. moisture content for CH subgrade material...13 Figure 14. Field CBR test...Brickwork on voided subgrade ( CBR of 6) Brickwork New and Refurbished Yes - 4 Brickwork on CBR of 6 Brickwork New and Refurbished Yes Yes 5

  10. Predicting Soil Strength with Remote Sensing Data

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (From DCP Users Guide, 2007) .......................13 Figure 6. CBR (%) versus DPI(mm/blow) (From DCP Users Guide, 2007, DPI...11 C. EQUIPMENT USED FOR DETERMINING SOIL STRENGTH ...........12 1. Dynamic Cone Penetrometer ...31 1. Lightweight Deflectometer Data.......................................................32 2. Dynamic Cone Penetrometer Data

  11. Afghanistan Narcotics: The Bigger Battle Toward Stabilization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-01

    65  iv Table of Figures Figure 1. Poppy ...Cultivation in Afghanistan 1996-2006......................................................... 13 Figure 2. Opium poppy cultivation change in Afghanistan...20 Figure 4. Opium Poppy Cultivation in Afghanistan (ha), 2003-2007 .................................... 20 Figure 5. Salaries in Afghanistan

  12. Determination of NRHP Eligibility for the Eisenhower Army Medical Center Complex at Fort Gordon, Georgia

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-12-01

    at Fort Gordon). ............................. 13 Figure 10. Detail of concrete columns (DPW at Fort Gordon...35 Figure 40. Detail of the south side of Building 300, showing precast concrete window panels and column ...publications/bulletins/nrb15/nrb15_7.htm#crit con g. 2 Adam Smith and Sunny Stone , Fort Gordon Cold War Architectural Survey Vol. 1: Historic Context and

  13. Teenage Drivers: Patterns of Risk.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Allan F.

    2003-01-01

    Reports on patterns of risk among teenage drivers through a review and synthesis of the literature. Varying patterns of risk form the basis for graduated licensing systems designed to promote low-risk and discourage high-risk driving. (Contains 6 tables, 13 figures, and 29 references.) (AUTHOR/WFA)

  14. A Bayesian Approach to User Stopping Rules for Information Retrieval Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraft, Donald H.; Waller, W. G.

    1981-01-01

    Presents a dynamic model of user behavior when scanning an information storage and retrieval system output list, compares rules for determining the user's optimum stopping point, presents an algorithm for implementing the Bayesian model, and discusses implications for retrieval system design. Provided are 13 figures and 15 references. (Author/RBF)

  15. Engineering Design Guidance for Detached Breakwaters as Shoreline Stabilization Structure

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-12-01

    Lakeview Park shoreline. Combinations of wave height, period, direction, and still-water levels were studied to determine test conditions that produced a...77 Structural Design Objectives ........................... 77 Design Wave and Water Level Selection .................... 77...Chesapeake Bay at Bay Ridge, Maryland ................... 9 Figure 8. Aerial view of Lakeview Park , Lorain, Ohio ......... 13 Figure 9. Detached

  16. Advanced Technology Demonstrator for IR Imaging Missile Warning System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2002-02-01

    13 Figure 9: Paraglider ...but also mountains, towers, other flying platform and e.g. paratroopers/ paragliders . Some of these objects have no plume, this excludes UV-devices for...Figure 9: Paraglider - The device also has to have the ability to recognize these a.m. objects, so it has to be an imaging device with intelligent image

  17. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 223 - Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening 13 Figure 13 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS THREATENED MARINE AND ANADROMOUS SPECIES...

  18. 50 CFR Figure 13 to Part 223 - Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 10 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Single Grid Hard TED Escape Opening 13 Figure 13 to Part 223 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE MARINE MAMMALS THREATENED MARINE AND ANADROMOUS SPECIES...

  19. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of HSLA-100 Steel

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-12-01

    13 Figure 4. High Strength Bainite Strength Components .................... 20 Figure 5. Bainitic Steel Tempering and DBTT ...21 Figure 6. Tempered Bainite Steel Yield Stress and DBTT .................. 21 Figure 7. HSLA-100 Steel Yield Strength versus Aging...Energy at -84°C ............... 31 Figure 14. HSLA-100 Steel Lot GQH DBTT ............................ 31 Figure 15. HSLA-100 Steel Lot GQH Ductility

  20. Understanding Academic Information Seeking Habits through Analysis of Web Server Log Files: The Case of the Teachers College Library Website

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asunka, Stephen; Chae, Hui Soo; Hughes, Brian; Natriello, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Transaction logs of user activity on an academic library website were analyzed to determine general usage patterns on the website. This paper reports on insights gained from the analysis, and identifies and discusses issues relating to content access, interface design and general functionality of the website. (Contains 13 figures and 8 tables.)

  1. Minnesota Health Statistics 1984. [34th Annual Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Health, Minneapolis. Center for Health Statistics.

    This annual summary of vital statistics contains technical notes on changes in the summary format, sources of data, data quality, geographic allocation, and definition of rates. A total of 56 data tables and 13 figures are provided in the areas of: (1) an overview of 1984 vital statistics; (2) live births; (3) reported induced abortions; (4)…

  2. Minnesota Health Statistics 1986. (36th Annual Summary Report).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Health, Minneapolis. Center for Health Statistics.

    This annual summary of vital statistics from the state of Minnesota contains technical notes on changes in the summary format, sources of data, data quality, geographic allocation, and definition of rates. A total of 63 data tables and 13 figures are provided in the areas of: (1) an overview of 1986 vital statistics; (2) live births; (3) reported…

  3. Performance Comparison of High Resolution Weather Research and Forecasting Model Output with North American Mesoscale Model Initialization Grid Forecasts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-05-01

    12  Figure 6. Comparison of the 2-m dew point temperature RMSE statistic for Domain 2. .......................... 13...Figure 7. Comparison of the 2-m dew point temperature Bias statistic for Domain 2. ............................. 14  Figure 8. Comparison of the mean sea...for Domain 2. ........................................................................................... 27  Figure 18. Comparison of the 2-m dew

  4. Portable Signals Analysis Solutions Using Signalworks(trademark) : A Process Guide For Analysts And Students

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-09-01

    modulation technique for low-cost passive transmitters such as Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices. RFID implementations range from asset...Minimum-Shift Keyed OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexed PSK Phase-Shift Keyed QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation QPSK Quadrature...Figure 9. SignalGen modulation window for BPSK............................................ 13 Figure 10. Carrier frequency default

  5. Quantifying Trophic and Demographic Rates of Plankton-Rich Layers in East Sound, Orcas Island, Washington

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    glass scintillation vials. When whole seawater samples are incubated, the experiment is identical to a classic P vs E ( photosynthesis vs . irradiance...lower than Redfield ratio concentrations. 13 Figure 7 Photosynthesis vs . irradiance curve for whole plankton communities. Non-linear...phytoplankton biomass is measured using the radio-labeling method that was first developed by Steemann Nielsen (1952) to quantify photosynthesis . Since

  6. Benchmarking Peer Production Mechanisms, Processes & Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Thomas; Kretschmer, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    This deliverable identifies key approaches for quality management in peer production by benchmarking peer production practices and processes in other areas. (Contains 29 footnotes, 13 figures and 2 tables.)[This report has been authored with contributions of: Kaisa Honkonen-Ratinen, Matti Auvinen, David Riley, Jose Pinzon, Thomas Fischer, Thomas…

  7. Understanding Academic Information Seeking Habits through Analysis of Web Server Log Files: The Case of the Teachers College Library Website

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asunka, Stephen; Chae, Hui Soo; Hughes, Brian; Natriello, Gary

    2009-01-01

    Transaction logs of user activity on an academic library website were analyzed to determine general usage patterns on the website. This paper reports on insights gained from the analysis, and identifies and discusses issues relating to content access, interface design and general functionality of the website. (Contains 13 figures and 8 tables.)

  8. The ocular manifestations of congenital infection: a study of the early effect and long-term outcome of maternally transmitted rubella and toxoplasmosis.

    PubMed Central

    O'Neill, J F

    1998-01-01

    and may vary from blindness and severe mental retardation to minor retinochoroidal lesions of little consequence. Effective solutions for either the prevention or treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis have not been developed in this country but are under intensive and continuing investigation. Images FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5A FIGURE 5B FIGURE 5C FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15A FIGURE 15B FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19 FIGURE 20A FIGURE 20B FIGURE 20C FIGURE 20D FIGURE 20E FIGURE 20F FIGURE 20G FIGURE 20H FIGURE 20J FIGURE 20K FIGURE 21 FIGURE 22 FIGURE 23 FIGURE 24 A FIGURE 24B FIGURE 25 FIGURE 26 FIGURE 27 FIGURE 28 FIGURE 29 FIGURE 30 FIGURE 31 FIGURE 32 PMID:10360309

  9. Characterization and Reliability of Vertical N-Type Gallium Nitride Schottky Contacts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    81 ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Diagram of Current - Voltage (I-V...Relationship of MS Junctions. ................6 Figure 2. Ideal Energy Band Diagram of n-type MS Junction...7. Typical Richardson Plot for a n-type GaN Schottky Contact. .......................14 Figure 8. ISR Energy Band Diagram of n-type Schottky

  10. Enhancing Simulation-based Training Adversary Tactics via Evolution (ESTATE)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-15

    30 3.4.3 Analysis of Strategy Visualizations... example challenge tree game with k=3, depth=4, and number of goals=4 ............. 14 Figure 5: Example game of Nim: ə,2,3,4,5>. Each row...44 Figure 25. Examples from core set of symbol primitives for commonly occurring

  11. Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)

  12. An Analysis of Communication Between Program Managers and Contracting Officers and Its Effect on the Performance of the Defense Acquisition System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-09-01

    Satisfaction ....................................................14 Figure 4. Framework for the Service Acquisition Process...Performance for the Acquisition System ..............................59 Figure 23. Key Elements of Customer Satisfaction ...supervisor and Naval Postgraduate School alumni Mr. Michael Garcia for introducing me to the NPS MSPM program and supporting and encouraging me to

  13. Augmenting Naval Capabilities in Remote Locations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    waste, and overload . 14 Figure 6. Theory of Constraints. Theory of constraints is utilized to eliminate process variation. In lean, this...trawlers and small freight ships. They used these as “mother-ships” to launch their attacks from. Today, the pirates will tow along two or three skiffs

  14. Fluid Methods for Modeling Large, Heterogeneous Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-08-01

    14 Figure 10: RED vs. PI control ....................................................................................................................................15...80 Figure 60: Implementation of PI controller emphasizing role of operating point q0...81 Figure 61: Comparison of RED and PI control under time-varying and heavy TCP loads ........................................81

  15. Ceramic oxide powders and the formation thereof

    DOEpatents

    Katz, J.L.; Chenghung Hung.

    1993-12-07

    Ceramic oxide powders and a method for their preparation. Ceramic oxide powders are obtained using a flame process whereby two or more precursors of ceramic oxides are introduced into a counterflow diffusion flame burner wherein said precursors are converted into ceramic oxide powders. The morphology, particle size, and crystalline form of the ceramic oxide powders are determined by process conditions. 14 figures.

  16. Pre-Cast Concrete Panels for Contingency Rigid Airfield Pavement Damage Repairs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-06-01

    Figure 16. Swift-Lift Installation into Precast Concrete Panel ..................................................... 14 Figure 17. Wall -Saw Cutting... Wall -saw and walk-behind concrete saw). Table 6 is a precast concrete panel fabrication timeline and Table 7 is precast panel placement timeline...AFRL-RX-TY-TR-2010-0095 PRECAST CONCRETE PANELS FOR CONTINGENCY RIGID AIRFIELD PAVEMENT DAMAGE REPAIRS Reza S. Ashtiani, Christopher J

  17. AM2 3-4 Alternate Lay Pattern Evaluation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    Figure 4. CBR vs. moisture content for CH subgrade material. ............................................................... 7 Figure 5. Test section...14 Figure 15. Field CBR test...then compared to evaluations of AM2 assembled in a brickwork pattern over soils with a California Bearing Ratio ( CBR ) of 6conducted in 2005 and 2006

  18. Independent Component Analysis by Entropy Maximization (INFOMAX)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    two types of signals: audio signals and simple communications signals (polar non-return to zero signals). The Infomax method is found to be...performing gradient ascent in MATLAB. This work specifically focuses on small numbers of two types of signals: audio signals and simple communications...14 Figure 5 Sample audio signal. ........................................................................................30 Figure 6 Hyperbolic

  19. 50 CFR Figure 14 to Part 679 - Sablefish Regulatory Areas

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sablefish Regulatory Areas 14 Figure 14 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE (CONTINUED) FISHERIES OF THE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE OFF ALASKA Pt. 679...

  20. UML Assisted Visual Debugging for Distributed Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-03-01

    14 Figure 2. Tarantula source analysis display...conditional branch. Tarantula , the system Jones discussed, displays the results of this analysis using visualization as in Figure 2. Colors...execution should look when performing correctly. Figure 2. Tarantula source analysis display. SVSS also contains a view to display specified data in

  1. Characterization of Ethylene/JP-10 Fuel Injection Profiles for a Valveless Pulse Detonation Engine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    Christopher Brophy Second Reader: Jose O. Sinibaldi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188...Jose O. Sinibaldi Second Reader Anthony J. Healey Chairman, Department of Mechanical and Astronautical Engineering iv THIS...14 Figure 10. Smoked -foil record and schematic diagram of symmetric planar interaction (from [2

  2. Optimal Wind Corrected Flight Path Planning for Autonomous Micro Air Vehicles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    14 Figure 4 - TACMAV Flexible Wings ( Higgs , 2005...fuselage for easy 14 storage in a nine inch diameter tube. These flexible wings reduce the span-wise storage requirements by over sixty percent ( Higgs ...2005). Figure 4 - TACMAV Flexible Wings ( Higgs , 2005) 2.2.2 Equipment Mounts The lightweight TACMAV is equipped with sensors capable

  3. Modelling and Refining Structural Detail in a MAESTRO Model for a Bottom-Up or Top-Down Analysis Using the PC Version of MAESTRO/DSA

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1997-10-01

    MAESTRO.DAT File 38 iii List of Figures 1 Wire Drawing of MAESTRO Ship Model . . . . . . 15 2 · Panel Fill Plot of the Model...image, were not plotted on the hardcopy of the image. 14 Figure 1: Wire Drawing of MAESTRO Ship model 15 z ~X Figure 2: Panel Fill Plot of the

  4. Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-02-09

    14 Figure 7. Strait of Malacca...from Indonesia, 20% from Malaysia ) in the form CRS-5 10 “Japan Risk: Infrastructure Risk,” Economist Intelligence Unit. November 14, 2003. 11 2001...Natural gas makes up about 10% of South Korea’s consumption, and is mostly imported from Qatar, Indonesia, Malaysia , and Oman. Coal, imported primarily

  5. Prototyping a Web-Enabled Decision Support System to Improve Capacity Management of Aviation Training

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    image of “Cockpit Charts” as displayed from the NAPP Integrated Production Data Repository (NIPDR) website. Comp/fly day: 60 Outs Cumm : 232 Comp...plan day: 46 IPP Cumm : Outs Cumm : 140 Primary SIT: 100 IPP Cumm : 143 Inter. SIT: 65 Prim Preload:14 Figure 2. Cockpit Charts. (From: Training

  6. Comparing Internet Probing Methodologies Through an Analysis of Large Dynamic Graphs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-01

    General Topological Comparison Between NPS Probing Method and CAIDA Prob- ing Method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 vii 5.2...Per Country Topological Comparison Between NPS and CAIDA Probing Methods 34 6 Future Work and Conclusion 45 6.1 Summary... CAIDA Internet protocol (IP) map of Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Figure 3.1 Union and intersection

  7. New technologies to improve laboratory testing

    SciTech Connect

    Burtis, C.A.

    1985-01-01

    Several core technologies that are having, or will have, an impact on the clinical laboratory are discussed. These include instrument-related technologies such as computer technology, chemometrics, robotics, sensors, and biological technologies such as cell fusion and recombinant DNA. 79 references, 14 figures. (ACR)

  8. Effects of Prior Aging on the Creep Response of Carbon Fiber Reinforced PMR-15 Neat Resin at 288 C in an Air Environment

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    14 Figure 6: Shrinkage of T-650-35/PMR-15 composite ...used thermosetting polyimide resins for high-temperature polymer-matrix composite applications. Of the many high-temperature resins, PMR-15 has good...specifications for the use of this material, it was observed that the thermal oxidative stability of PMR-15 composites was not only influenced by the curing

  9. Ballistic Compressor Examination of Electrodeposited Niobium.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    Properles of Dense Gaein Experbnental The m odynamicm Volume 11, Experimental Themodynamics of Non-Reacting Fuhds B. LeNeindre and B. Vodar, ed...A47 M -. .15 U. a 013 16 .0 O Sample Ag 14 Figure 4. Location of selected SEM micrographs in relation to channel regions of A9 and A47. The numbering

  10. Chesapeake Bay Program: Point-Source Atlas

    SciTech Connect

    Macknis, J.

    1988-08-01

    The atlas contains pollutant loadings from Chesapeake Bay watershed municipal and industrial point sources drawn from the Chesapeake Bay Program computerized data base. Nutrient and toxic discharges are included. Effluent data are averaged for the calendar year 1985. Detailed information is presented in 23 tables and 14 figures.

  11. Digest of Education Statistics, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, W. Vance; Eiden, Leo J.

    The primary purpose of this publication is to provide an abstract of statistical information covering the broad field of American education from prekindergarten through graduate school. Statistical information is presented in 14 figures and 200 tables with brief trend analyses. In addition to updating many of the statistics that have appeared in…

  12. Ab initio Design of Noncentrosymmetric Metals: Crystal Engineering in Oxide Heterostructures

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-07-29

    similarities with centrosymmetric SrMoO3 (SMO) and EuMoO3 ( EMO ), from which it may be considered an ordered derivative, but ferroelectric-like...from the Mott state (Figure 14). Figure 14: (Color online) Quasiparticle weights (Z) calculated within DFT+DMFT for SMO, EMO and SEMO at different

  13. Symmetry in Sign Language Poetry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton-Spence, Rachel; Kaneko, Michiko

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers the range of ways that sign languages use geometric symmetry temporally and spatially to create poetic effect. Poets use this symmetry in sign language art to highlight duality and thematic contrast, and to create symbolic representations of beauty, order and harmony. (Contains 8 tables, 14 figures and 6 notes.)

  14. Triggered Infrared Emitter Displays for Individual Identify Friend-or-Foe (IIFF) and Vehicular Mounted Identify Friend-or-Foe (VMIFF) Devices

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    organic light emitting material. 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 93 14. SUBJECT TERMS Anti-fratricide, polymer organic light emitting display (P- OLED ...Long Pass Filter to Remove Visible Emission. ............................................ 14 Figure 8. P- OLED Emission Spectrum...Add- Vision, Inc., whose state of the art work in polymer organic light emitting display (P- OLED ) technology provided the basis for much of my testing

  15. A Harmonic Motion Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gluck, P.; Krakower, Zeev

    2010-01-01

    We present a unit comprising theory, simulation and experiment for a body oscillating on a vertical spring, in which the simultaneous use of a force probe and an ultrasonic range finder enables one to explore quantitatively and understand many aspects of simple and damped harmonic motions. (Contains 14 figures.)

  16. A Harmonic Motion Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gluck, P.; Krakower, Zeev

    2010-01-01

    We present a unit comprising theory, simulation and experiment for a body oscillating on a vertical spring, in which the simultaneous use of a force probe and an ultrasonic range finder enables one to explore quantitatively and understand many aspects of simple and damped harmonic motions. (Contains 14 figures.)

  17. Evaluation of a Gentex (registered trademark) ORO-NASAL Oxygen Mask for Integration with the Aqualung (registered trademark) Personal Helicopter Oxygen Delivery System (PHODS)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-13

    13 8b. Onyx II® Digital Pulse Oximeter...was backed up with an Onyx II pulse oximeter (figure 8b) (Yamaya et al., 2002). Additionally, color vision testing using the Ishihara pseudo...Figure 8b. Onyx II® Digital Pulse Oximeter. 14 Figure 8c. Blue

  18. FAST COGNITIVE AND TASK ORIENTED, ITERATIVE DATA DISPLAY (FACTOID)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-06-01

    20 Figure 14. Draper’s Evaluation Ecosystem ...improvements on the STOUT system, we developed a larger ecosystem for integrating analytics. The evaluation ecosystem can be seen in Figure 14...Figure 13. STOUT Task Portal. Approved for Public Release; Distribution Unlimited. 21 Figure 14. Draper’s Evaluation Ecosystem

  19. A Discovery Process for Initializing Ad Hoc Underwater Acoustic Networks

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-12-01

    Bay (near the Seaweb network gateway node). ..................................................................... 15 Figure 11. Bellhop eigenray ...compute the eigenray traces and channel impulse response using code from Torres [18] that employs a Bellhop Gaussian beam tracing acoustic propagation...model. Figure 11 depicts the eigenray traces and channel impulse response for the Halifax trial environment with a transmit frequency of 12 kHz, water

  20. Identifying Molecular Targets for Chemoprevention in a Rat Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    engineered mice. Am J Pathol 2002;161:727-35. [13] Weisburger JH, Rivenson A, Reinhardt J, Braley J, Pittman B, Zang E. On the occurrence of...relatively large patch of Leydig cells ( Ley ) adjacent to two seminiferous tubules (Tub). Borowsky, et al. PhIP Rat Prostate 15 Figure 1

  1. Environmental Assessment: Proposed Fire Station Little Mountain Test Annex, Utah

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-19

    deficiencies are related to living areas, size of fire station bays and doors, disinfection facilities, and hazardous materials response capability. Scope...15 Figure 5: State of Utah Recommended Areas of Non-Attainment for Ozone ............................. 16 Figure 6...Protection Association NHPA National Historic Preservation Act NOx Oxides of Nitrogen O3 Ozone OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

  2. Integrated Field-Scale, Lab-Scale, and Modeling Studies for Improving the Ability to Assess the Groundwater to Indoor Air Pathway at Chlorinated Solvent-Impacted Groundwater Sites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-08-01

    Monitoring of Indoor Air Radon Concentrations with Time .................................14 Radon Concentrations in Soil Gas... Radon soil gas concentration contours [pCi/L] ...........................................................15 Figure 13. SF6 in indoor air with a constant...calibrations ect. August 2010- present* *SF6 started in December 2010, Radon started in February 2011 All available soil gas and

  3. Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-08-04

    Union Deal ................................................................................ 15 Figures Figure 1. Past Turkish Domestic Military... domestic policy issues are significant for U.S. interests, and Congress plays an active role in shaping and overseeing U.S. relations with Turkey...States to extradite Fethullah Gulen (see below)—amid Turkey’s continuing domestic and regional challenges;  implications for Turkey’s cooperation with

  4. Human Factors Assessment of the UH-60M Common Avionics Architecture System (CAAS) Crew Station During the Limited User Evaluation (LEUE)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-01

    ratings between seat position and results between instrument flight rule ( IFR ) and visual flight rule (VFR) flights. The mean workload rating for...SART scores for left and right seats.............................................................. 15 Figure 13. Comparison of VFR with IFR SA for...left seat........................................................... 16 Figure 14. Comparison of VFR with IFR SA for right seat

  5. Mesh Networks within A Distributed Operations Framework Utilizing IP Based Radios

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-01

    Figure 1. CAP Organization circa 1968.....................15 Figure 2. Frontal Attack ..................................21 Figure 3. Flanking Attack ...National Security Agency NPS Naval Postgraduate School OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing OLSR Optimized Link State Routing OSPF Open...this patrol, a friendly convoy was attacked by IED, heavy small arms, and mortars. The convoy commander was unable to maintain communications with

  6. Toxicity Evaluation of Engineered Nanomaterials (Phase 1 Studies)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-01-01

    dependent mechanism involving the mitochondrial pathway in NIH3T3 cells. Toxicol Lett 2008, 179, 130–9. [17] Gopinath P, Gogoi SK, Sanpuic P, Paul A...66 5. Gold nanoparticles induce transcriptional activity of NF-κβ in a B-lymphocyte cell line...Exposure ............................................................................. 15 Figure 5. Evaluation of Mitochondrial Membrane Potential

  7. COVERT: A Framework for Finding Buffer Overflows in C Programs via Software Verification

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-01

    4.2 PANA : Combining Numeric and Predicate Abstraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 4.3 Numeric Abstraction...15 Figure 10: Bar Chart Showing Comparison of Running Times Between COPPER, BLAST, and PANA as the CHECKER for All Tests...COPPER, and PANA Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 v | CMU/SEI-2010-TR-029 vi

  8. General Chemistry Division quarterly report

    SciTech Connect

    Harrar, J.E.; Simpson, P.L.

    1980-09-10

    Analytical R and D for the nuclear explosives program included work on photoelectrochemistry, far-infrared laser, potentiometry of Tl(I) and oxiranes, adducts of RDX, and stochastic photolysis. Other topics studied were the photoassisted reduction of CO/sub 2/ at a solid electrolyte and HPLC-LIF analysis of fly ash. 15 figures. (DLC)

  9. Onboard Stability Control System for a Flapping Wing Nano Air Vehicle

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-04-24

    15 Figure 14. Vehicle response to hover command with nitinol actuators and sensors...with nitinol actuators and sensors modeled. An extended Kalman filter has been implemented to estimate the functional roll rate from sensor...Actuators The wing control actuators subcomponent consists of nitinol wires connected to mechanisms that dictate the wing kinematics. These mechanisms

  10. Navy LX(R) Amphibious Ship Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-05-27

    FY2020. LX(R)s are to replace 12 aging Whidbey Island/Harpers Ferry ( LSD -41/49) class amphibious ships, the first of which will reach age 40 in 2025...2 Existing Force of LSD -41/49 Class Ships...15 Figures Figure 1. LSD -41/49 Class Ship

  11. Budgeting Facilities Operation Costs Using the Facilities Operation Model

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-06-01

    DATA FROM PROGRAM BUDGET INFORMATION SYSTEM ( PBIS ).........13 B. FOM FORECASTS FOR FY2007–2010...REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF FOM AND PBIS ..................................39 INITIAL DISTRIBUTION LIST...12 Figure 3. FOM Forecast Totals and PBIS data for U.S. Navy, Active Duty ..................15 Figure 4. Fire and Emergency

  12. Network Centric Communications for Expeditionary or Carrier Strike Groups

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-12-01

    NETWORK SYSTEM ....................... 15 FIGURE 9 – HYPOTHESIZED OPERATIONAL DESIGN FOR NEXT GENERATION AUTOMATED DIGITAL NETWORK SYSTEM ( ADNS ...Lieutenant Lady Cude (SSC PAC) for information on Satellite Communications, Advanced Digital Network System ( ADNS ) and Naval communications policy and gaps...technologies, processes and policies necessary to provide GIG interoperability have been slowly tested and released by the Defense Information System Agency

  13. Common Operating Picture and Planning Environment for Disaster Response

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-06-01

    New Madrid Seismic Zone spans several states along the Mississippi River. The entire seismic zone is best illustrated by a...CA earthquake. 15 Figure 6. New Madrid Seismic Zone Earthquake Compared to the 1994 Northridge, CA Earthquake For Figure 7, “Red indicates...Department of Natural Resources technical bulletin restates the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ) potential: 1990 Federal Emergency Management

  14. Simulation and Application of GPOPS for a Trajectory Optimization and Mission Planning Tool

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    15 Figure 5: Minotaur III Launch [27] .................................................................................. 16 Figure 6...Solution ......................................................................... 74 Page xi List of Tables Page Table 1: Minotaur III Data...explored below. 16 Figure 5: Minotaur III Launch [27] The Minotaur is an US rocket transformed from the LGM-118 Peacekeeper Missile. Its

  15. The Effects of Observations and Maneuvers on Orbit Solutions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    15 Figure 6 Example Covariance Bubble ( Rugby Ball...and smaller for the crosstrack and radial position, so the bubble ends up shaped like a rugby ball around the satellite, shown in Figure 6. The...measurements during a pass are needed, in order to efficiently use the sensor. 21 Figure 6 Example Covariance Bubble ( Rugby Ball) For

  16. Effects of Noise, Temperature, Humidity, Motion and Light on the Sleep Patterns of the Crew of HSV-2 SWIFT

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-09-01

    5 1. Introduction..........................................................................................5 2. Sleep Stages ...105 ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Sleep Stages ...High Speed Vessel SWIFT Joins Navy, 2003)...............15 Figure 6. Minutes of wakefulness, stage 1, stages 3+4 and REM sleep across ambient

  17. AM2 Modified 2-1 Lay Pattern Evaluation under F-15E Traffic

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-08-01

    CBR vs. moisture content for CH subgrade material. .............................................................. 11 Figure 8. Test section cross...15 Figure 14. Field CBR test...A N/A 3 Brickwork on voided subgrade ( CBR of 6) Brickwork New and refurbished Yes No 4 Brickwork on CBR of 6 Brickwork New and refurbished

  18. Limited Investigation of Active Feel Control Stick System (Active Stick)

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-06-01

    at VCORNER .............. 15 Figure 12: Pitch Rate Response to 1.5 g Commanded Force PTI at VHI ......................... 16 Figure 13: Pitch Angle...Response to 1.5 g Commanded Force PTI at VHI ...................... 17 Figure 14: Flight Control System Stick Attributes at VLO...23 Figure 19: Cooper-Harper Ratings for Head Down Display Task ( VHI ) ......................... 24 Figure 20: Fine

  19. Establishment of Maximum Voluntary Compressive Neck Tolerance Levels

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-07-01

    neck circumference ............................................................................... 15 Figure 14. Response vs. waist circumference ...Figure 14. Response vs. waist circumference Figure 14 suggests a positive linear trend between maximum average forceand waist circumference (with...between weight and waist circumference (r=0.59) as this population was artificially limited through selection for weight under 150 lbs. None of the

  20. Thrust Measurement of a Split-Path, Valveless Pulse Detonation Engine

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-12-01

    A SPLIT-PATH, VALVELESS PULSE DETONATION ENGINE by Brady J. Bartosh December 2007 Thesis Advisor: Christopher M. Brophy Second ...Bartosh Approved by: Christopher M. Brophy Thesis Advisor Knox T. Millsaps Second Reader Anthony J. Healey Chairman, Department...15 Figure 5. Variation of Properties through a ZND Detonation Wave (From Ref. 2) .......16 Figure 6. Smoke -foiled Record and

  1. Defining the Training Requirements for an Individual Enlisted Sailor at Fleet Readiness Center Mid-Atlantic, Potential Issues, and Recommendations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-01

    15 Figure 5. Total non -OJT training required...Table 2 varies widely. These other qualifications include non -rate specific requirements such as, Duty driver and Petty Officer of the watch. There...over 15,000 hours of required training. See Figure 4 for total required training and Figure 5 for total non -OJT required training. Figure 4

  2. Predicting the Accuracy of Unguided Artillery Projectiles

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-09-01

    aerodynamic coefficients, physical properties, and error budgets. 14. SUBJECT TERMS accuracy, error, artillery, unguided, modified point mass, indirect...unguided projectile given the required aerodynamic coefficients, physical properties, and error budgets. vi THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK vii TABLE...15 Figure 9. Initial Overturning Moment and Direction of Torque in a Spinning Projectile

  3. Fluid-Structure Interaction of Channel Driven Cavity Flow

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instruction, searching existing data sources, gathering...15 Figure 14. Warping Deformation of Stainless Steel....................................................16 Figure 15. Deflection...of Strains. .........................................................29 x Figure 23. Strain Time History

  4. Development of an Angular Distribution Function for the Study of Atomic Lattice Structures Used in Atomistic Simulation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-03-01

    Structures Used in Atanistic Simulation 6. AUTHOR(S) David Wesley, Capt, USAF 7. PERFORMING ORGA1 NIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 8 . PERFORMING...42 7 Appendix A: Program Lattice for Generating Model Lattices ................ 43 8 Appendix B: RDF Fortran Programs...15 Figure 8 : Inner ADF’s for model systems .............................................. 16 Figure 9: Outer ADF’s for model systems

  5. Hearing Is Believing: Dalcroze Solfege and Musical Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomsen, Kathy M.

    2011-01-01

    Dalcroze solfege engages the ear and the mind in chords, functional harmony, and key relationships, in addition to scales, intervals, and melodies. This article provides an overview of Dalcroze solfege by describing its methodology and by offering sample exercises for beginners as well as advanced students. (Contains 15 figures and 5 notes.)

  6. Faust: Flexible Acquistion and Understanding System for Text

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-07-01

    models, text understanding, natural language process, NLP , NLU, NER, Named Entity Recognition, LDA, Latent Dirichlet Allocation 16. SECURITY...FAUST System architecture .......................................................................................... 15 Figure 4: The Stanford Core NLP ... NLP ) research has addressed sources of ambiguity and many kinds of information gaps, but too often only as isolated problems. In reality, evidence

  7. Agile Systems Engineering-Kanban Scheduling Subsection

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-03-10

    March 6, 2013. [8] Lane, J. A. and Turner, R. “Improving Development Visibility and Flow in Large Operational Organizations ,” 4th International...3 Develop the Demonstration and Analysis Tool for Agile SE Management...Item Network Model ............................................................................................ 15 Figure 6. SIMIO Product Development

  8. Assessing the Impact of Auditory Peripheral Displays for UAV Operators

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-01

    NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7 . PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Massachusetts... 7 Independent Variables...for the transformed (LN) late arrival reaction times. ......... 15 Figure 7 : The box plots of the number of missed radio calls

  9. Scientific Basis for Paint Stripping: Elucidated Combinatorial Mechanism of Methylene Chloride and Phenol Based Paint Removers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-22

    transition seen in a carbonyl which links two aromatic rings. The peak, C, in the carbon K edge spectrum at 288 eV C-H σ* absorptions from the long...12 FIGURE 9: NEXAFS C K-EDGE SPECTRUM OF...15 FIGURE 10:NEXAFS C K-EDGE SPECTRUM OF UNEXPOSED, CLEAR-FORMULATED MIL-PRF

  10. The U.S. Air Force-Developed Adaptation of the Multi-Attribute Task Battery for the Assessment of Human Operator Workload and Strategic Behavior

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    for the lower and upper portion of the gauge. .................................................................................. 5 Figure 006 – A gauge...15 Figure 017 – A Scheduling window with a 5 -minute trial set to a low Tracking difficulty, and 8 Communications events...16 Figure 018 – A Scheduling window with a 5 -minute trial set to a

  11. Hearing Is Believing: Dalcroze Solfege and Musical Understanding

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomsen, Kathy M.

    2011-01-01

    Dalcroze solfege engages the ear and the mind in chords, functional harmony, and key relationships, in addition to scales, intervals, and melodies. This article provides an overview of Dalcroze solfege by describing its methodology and by offering sample exercises for beginners as well as advanced students. (Contains 15 figures and 5 notes.)

  12. Flight Performance of a Man Portable Guided Projectile Concept

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-01

    computational aerodynamics techniques were applied. Aerodynamic models and projectile flight mechanics were derived to enable flight simulation. Assessment of... Computational mesh on symmetry plane and projectile surfaces. ...............................15 Figure 14. Mach number contours on vertical...the basis of this new maneuver concept. The novel contributions are the flight concept, theoretical modeling of the concept, computational and

  13. Separation of Oxygen from Seawater by Membrane Permeation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-03-01

    Availability Codos 3Avd t’l and/or list Special List of Figures Figure 1. Schematic of pervaporation process .................. 2 Figure 2. Schematic...oxygen extraction rate from seawater by pervaporation ....... ....................... 7 Figure 5. Photograph of the experimental set-up for measuring the...12 Figure 9. Pressure drop across pervaporation module as a function of feed water flow rate ................. 13 Figure 10

  14. 1-D Thermal Modeling of Layered Materials in Outdoor Environments. Countermine Phenomenology Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    The TSTM/VEGIE Graphical User Interface.............................13 Figure 3. Test site thermal and optical properties of soil as a function of...properties for each soil layer and constant value optical properties for the surface layer. However, thermal properties in real materials are not constant...weather station by a pyranometer that typically covers the visible and near-infrared portions of the electromagnetic spectrum (400 to 1100

  15. Periscopic Spine Surgery

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-03-01

    3D Internal Organ Position From ................... Wong 2004a: Respiratory Motion Compensation Studies Using............ Wong 2004b: MRI for modeling...to the skin motion stage for tracking ............ 13 Figure 13: Dynamic MRI images of patients acquired during free breathing. The imaging sequence...of these is magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI ). Using dynamic MRI , we are able to capture snapshots of the anatomy during respiration (Figure 13) and use

  16. Otitis Media

    PubMed Central

    Bain, John

    1992-01-01

    Otitis media remains one of the least understood conditions seen by a family physician. More attention to follow up instead of widespread use of antibiotics and decongestant mixtures could improve family practice care of children with middle ear disorders. Greater selection in resorting to surgical management would be helpful. Unnecessary interference is unlikely to be of long-term benefit to either children or their families. ImagesFigures 1-3Figures 4-5 PMID:21221314

  17. Designing for Humans in Autonomous Systems: Military Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    10 Figure 5. The haptic manipulator used with stereovision for the Talon robot experiment. ...........13 Figure 6. Ben-Gurion University...combination of stereovision displays and haptic feedback for IED manipulations (Edmondson et al., 2012). Polaris Sensor Technologies and Harris...manipulate, and disarm IEDs. The current study incorporated not only a stereovision display but also a Harris controller† that gave haptic feedback to

  18. Free-ion spectra of interest to solid and solution spectroscopists

    SciTech Connect

    Conway, J.G.

    1985-01-01

    A great deal of information is known about the free-ion spectra of the neutral and singly ionized rare earths because of the ease with which these spectra can be produced. Considerably less is known about the doubly and triply ionized rare earths. A discussion of the experimental difficulties, the present state of knowledge, and the predicted information are presented in this report. 6 references, 13 figures.

  19. An Analysis Tool in a Knowledge Based Software Engineering Environment.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1986-03-21

    Project Database Record . ...... 111-12 Figure 3.5 User Profile Record ... ........ 111-12 Figure 3.6 Project Save Store Record ..... .. 111-13 Figure 3.7...LOAD PROJECT , SAVE PROJECT, LOAD PROFILE, and SAVE PROFILE. When a save project command is entered by the user, the SAVE PROJECT subfunction stores the...functions allow the user to not have to repeatedly re-enter operating system commands. SAVE PROJECT and LOAD PROJECT save the information into a permanent

  20. Application of Satellite-Derived Wind Profiles to Joint Precision Airdrop System (JPADS) Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    Stirling pulse tube cryocooler (BAE, 2010). A 31 schematic diagram of the AIRS instrument configuration is presented in Figure 13. Figure 14...Technology., March 2007. Hattis, Philip, Kai Angemueller, Thomas Fill, Robert Wright, Richard Benney, and David LeMoine. An In-flight Precision Airdrop...C. Holt, Timothy, J. Schmit, Robert M. Aune, Anthony J. Schreiner, Gary S. Wade and Donald G. Gray. Application of GOES-8/9 Soundings to Weather

  1. TRAC Innovative Visualization Techniques

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-11-14

    multimedia learning (CTML), assertion-evidence 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT SAR 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 81 19a...0.1 (2015). . . 13 Figure 7. Overview of the Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning Model adapted from Mayer (2009...Theory of Multimedia Learning (CTML) and its connection to the human visual system. In particular, we will discuss how people cognitively process visual

  2. GenCade Lateral Boundary Conditions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2017-01-01

    13 Figure 4. Example pocket beach at Boston Bay, Portland Parish, Jamaica . Beach sediments are mainly locally derived...4. Example pocket beach at Boston Bay, Portland Parish, Jamaica . Beach sediments are mainly locally derived from marine corals, algae, and other...King, Jr., D. B. 1976. Coastline dynamics of Jamaica . Journal of the Scientific Research Council of Jamaica 4(2):1–20. Kraus, N. C., and Harikai, S

  3. Toxicity of DEDGN (Diethyleneglycol Dinitrate), Synthetic-HC Smoke Combustion Products, Solvent Yellow 33 and Solvent Green 3 to Freshwater Aquatic Organisms.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-01-15

    APR edition may be used untl exhausted.SEUIYC.SFATOOPT45AG All other editwmn are obsoet. SCRT QASFCnNO HSP ~ % % %" 9ECUNY CaASIICAION Of rWS PAug 19...Cont’d) Diethyleneglycol Zinc chloride dinitrate Lead chloride Synthetic-HC smoke Cadmium chloride combustion products Arsenic chloride HCL Carbon ...tested as a group, they exhibited only minimal toxicity to Daphnia magna (Table 13; Figure 5). Carbon tetrachloride does not appear to be acutely toxic

  4. Variability and Model Adequacy in Simulations of Store-Induced Limit Cycle Oscillations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-05-03

    34 Flutter of a uniform cantilever wing ", Journal of Applied Mechanics, 12, A197-A208, 1945. [10] Zona Technology, Inc. ZAERO 6.4 Users’s Manual...Normal Probability Plot for Clean Wing , 1st Mode in 1,000 Models.....................13 Figure 11. Histograms and Probability Plots of Flutter Speeds...Goland Wing , Clean Version ............................................................16 Figure 13. Flutter Speed Trends for Each Software Package Over

  5. Evaluation Criteria for Aged Asphalt Concrete Surfaces

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-01

    extraction / recovery process, and Table 3 pre- sents the results for conventional properties of the AC samples. ERDC/GSL TR-07-18 13 Figure 11...Figure 7, cores were extracted on site and the beams were sawn in the laboratory. Once the in situ modulus was obtained with the PSPA and the cores...were extracted , the sample was sawed and removed, and the hole was patched. Portable seismic pavement analyzer tests The PSPA (Figure 10), developed

  6. Scheduling for Cost-Plus Construction Projects. Volume 1. Lessons Learned and PROMAN User’s Guide

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-09-01

    Page I Suggested Activity Codes 12 2 Poor Subarea Code Value Definition 13 FIGURES I Primavera Utility Menu 18 2 Confinn Selection Menu 19 3 Project...capacity of 40 megabytes will be needed. There must be space for the PROMAN programs, the PROMAN output files, and Primavera Project Management System...auto- mated systems in use at the NTF office be used, as much as possible, to provide the required data. The N’TF office used the Primavera scheduling

  7. A Novel Application of the Point of Aim Trace Feature for the Engagement Skills Trainer 2000

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-03-01

    acceleration and changes in ambient pressure (e.g., blast) than the vestibulocochlear organs (and their associated central projections) (Lawson & Rupert...more than 10 percent (%) of troops sustaining concussion or brain injury and somewhere between 5 and 15% developing long term sequelae (Zoroya, 24 May... acceleration just before the shot—an apparent jerked trigger or flinch. 13 Figure 8. EST plot shot with poor aim technique.     Selecting

  8. Building an Agent Technology for Users of the LOCATE Workspace Layout Tool

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2001-04-30

    the user clicks on a lightbulb alert attached to the interface object for which information has been retrieved and is taken to a Java Window that...Figure la. Lightbulbs Indicating Information Retrieved by LOCATE’s Agent Network ..... 13 Figure lb. Deletion ofWorkstation Lightbulb ...form of a small lightbulb inside the object for which information has been retrieved. By clicking on a lightbulb , the user is taken to a Java

  9. Spectrally Analyzed Embedded Infrared Fiber Optic Diagnostic of Advanced Composite Propellant Combustion

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-05-31

    observations, XM39. This nitramine composite propellant is 76 per cent RDX with most of the balance made up by the binder cellulose acetate butyrate and the...13 Figure 7 Predicted Model Spectrum for Pure Decomposition Gas at 6 atm with a 0.3 cm Absorption Path Length...program of in situ diagnostics and laboratory experiments has led to more advanced models of the gas phase processes in the dark zone and secondary flame

  10. Fatigue Behavior of an Advanced SiC/SiC Composite at Elevated Temperature in Air and in Steam

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    of an advanced Silicon Carbide/Silicon Carbide (SiC/SiC) ceramic matrix composite (CMC) was investigated at 1200 ºC in laboratory air and in steam...making ceramic fibers from a polymeric precursor. ........................ 13 Figure 7: Hexagonal close-packed α-BN crystal structure...27 Figure 18: Tensile stress-strain curves for Hi-Nicalon/BN/SiC ceramic composite at 1200 °C in air

  11. Measurements of Secondary Electron Yield from Materials with Application to Depressed Collectors

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-04-04

    FIGURE 6. SCHEMATIC OF THE DIODE PROTECTION CIRCUIT .................................................................................. 13 FIGURE 7. SEY...21 mA was used (currents in our experiments varied from approximately 10- 7 - 3 x 10-’ A. A diode protection circuit was used as an extra buffer that...of the relay trigger. 12 Input :i To Signal Plcoammeter Female BNC ta’e BNC Figure 6. Schematic of the diode protection circuit. A. TERMINOLOGY The

  12. Multigenerational Breast Cancer Risk Factors in African-American Women

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-10-01

    emotional support provided by family/friends. Further work is in progress to identify BRCA1 gene mutations in women with affected relatives with breast...10 Figures Figure 1. Schematic Diagram of the BRCA2 Gene ............................................ 13 Figure 2A. Family...polymorphic variants in these genes in at-risk African American women. The results of these first studies conducted in three families indicated that

  13. Integration Impacts of a Hybrid Contra-Rotating Shaft-Pod (HCRSP) Arrangement on Naval Auxiliaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-10-01

    system is likely to be more modern in design than the older Alstom VSD design and when combined with the different loads (and hence electrical...retrofit is considered. 9 Original T-AKE electrical system was supplied by Alstom in France...Converteam (CVT) was formed from the Alstom marine systems group in the UK after the T-AKE contract. Page 13 Figure 8: An example of an ABB ACS

  14. U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-04

    billion on a balance-of-payments (BoP) basis and $817 billion on a Census basis. A surplus in services trade of $80 billion resulted in a deficit of...to merchandise trade, it includes trade in services and unilateral transfers. In 2006, the deficit on current account rose to a revised $811.5...Current Account and Merchandise Trade Balances, 1982-2006 . 13 Figure 7. U.S. Merchandise Trade and Current Account Deficits , 1997-2009 (forecast, in

  15. U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-10-16

    surplus in services trade of $119 billion resulted in a deficit of $700 billion on goods and services for the year — down $53 billion or 7.0% from the...includes trade in services and unilateral transfers. In 2007, the deficit on current account fell to a revised $738.6 billion from a revised $811.5...13 Figure 7. U.S. Merchandise Trade and Current Account Deficits , 1997-2010 (Forecast in

  16. U.S. International Trade: Trends and Forecasts

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-05

    2007 surplus in services trade of $119 billion resulted in a deficit of $700 billion on goods and services for the year — down $53 billion or 7.0% from...it includes trade in services and unilateral transfers. In 2007, the deficit on current account fell to a revised $738.6 billion from a revised $811.5...13 Figure 7. U.S. Merchandise Trade and Current Account Deficits , 1997-2010

  17. A Conceptual and Analytical Study of the Utility of Speed in Naval Operations. Volume 1

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1976-07-01

    tv.uhitiilotica tn uirinniv y uil 11 lirloutli to frtilt 1.1 ( by the sclvj to In oluch veltilcimnn fl. III, i~Imt ic’l,piani;~ Nva4 Movi ~tuct.’" An...Course 40 ; -30 I .20 Wn~ porn Rangi - 0 1Iwm 10 I i 0 2 𔃻 Purtmer to PurotiO• .J1r.1id R, Ito VI-13 Figure V1-3 Aotual Capture Distance Versau

  18. Deployer: A Robot-Deploying Robot

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-04-01

    6: Bandicoot 11 Figure 7: Deployer mast in a.) retracted, b.) extending, and c.) fully extended positions. 13 Figure 8: Wombat climbing stairs with...mast in a.) retracted, b.)extending, and c.) fully extended positions. 13 Deploy er Outfitting - Wombat The second Urban Robot, Wombat (Fig.8), was...equipped with a single, rear-mounted ISIS transceiver and a Swarm Radio to communicate with all of the Joeys. In addition, Wombat was equipped with

  19. Experimental Investigation of the Interaction of Electrothermal Plasmas with Solid Propellants

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-09-14

    runs ....................13 Figure 13: Average percent of total image area covered by regions of change for each mask...ignition delay and delay jitter (Beyer and Pesce-Rodriguez 2004). Also, modeling shows that the increased surface area due to subsurface void...are unresolved, while the largest are around 6×6 pixels, corresponding to a diameter of 156 µm (individual pixels correspond to an area 26 by 26 µm

  20. Installation, Test and Operation of SEASAT Optical Signal Recorder at Shoe Cove, Newfoundland.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-09-01

    installation at DREO Ottawa. RESUME Ce rapport contient le dfitail des proc~dures d’installation et d’op~ration de l’enregistreur optique de signaux pour les...Test Jig for Mechanical Alignment ...........................41 8.2 Traversing Microscope .. ........................ 41 V TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont’d...FIGURE 9 TRANSFER AND FIELD FLATTENER LENSES INSTALLATION .......... 12 FIGURE 10 MICROSCOPE FOCUS ON CAPSTAN ............................... 13 FIGURE

  1. Review of Conventional Tactical Radio Direction Finding Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1989-05-01

    1000 MHz frequency band. Three different types of systems are currently used which are called: a) Watson-Watt, b) pseudo - Doppler , and c) phase...2.2.1 Watson-Watt System .. ....................... 9 2.2.2 Pseudo - Doppler System ......................... 10 2.2.3 Phase Interferometer...WATSON-WATT SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM .... .............. .11 FIGURE 5 PSEUDO - DOPPLER SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM ... ............ .. 13 FIGURE 6 FM DEMODULATED

  2. Studies and Experiments in Structural Dynamics and Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-12-30

    11 Figure 6: Closed-Loop Responses Due To Statistical Controller Design......................... 13 Figure 7: Reaction Wheel and Thruster Torques Due...of self awareness. The outline of the research goes as follows. First, a brief modeling of satellite with reaction wheels and thrusters will be...7 shows the control action from both reaction wheel cluster and thrusters. It was noted that the action of statistical controller was large at the

  3. Minimum Release of Tributyltin to Prevent Macrofouling

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-10-01

    identify by block number) The minimum release of tni-and dibutyltin has been determined for both barnacles and hydrozoans. The test method involved...prevented hydrozoans from attaching. No minimum release rate could be calculated for the dibutyltin because the flux rates were not high enoughi to achieve a...DATA FOR SETTLEMENT WITH TRI- AND DIBUTYLTIN ........................................... 13 FIGURES 1. Percent settlement of barnacles relative to

  4. Evaluation of Parallel Architectures for BM/C3 Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-02-01

    23,24,25;36,37,38; ... ; 57,58,59; **% section for one operand instructions neg 3,4,5; 5,6,8; 0 EOF Input Program File Example: loop: move ari, ard add arid, ari...10 Figure 2.5 Sam ple processor files .......................................................... 12 Figure 2.5 (cont’d) Sam ple...data files ............................................................... 13 Figure 3.1 A 16x16 Butterfly Parallel Processor with 8 switches

  5. Statistical Analysis of Atmospheric Forecast Model Accuracy - A Focus on Multiple Atmospheric Variables and Location-Based Analysis

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    as the primary variable for this study. The analysis separated the observation station data into three categories: Valleys, Plains, and Mountains ...each of 1 km, 3 km, and observation data ( Mountain ). Surface temperature (K) is indicated along the x-axis...13 Figure 10. Histogram plots for each of 1 km, 3 km, and observation data ( Mountain ). Surface temperature (K) is indicated along the x-axis

  6. Modeling Heterogeneous Carbon Nanotube Networks for Photovoltaic Applications Using Silvaco Atlas Software

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-06-01

    14 Figure 9. The spectral responses of gallium indium phosphide (GaInP), gallium arsenide (GaAs), and germanium (Ge) solar cells are graphed...power was not created until 1954 when Chapin, Fuller, and Pearson developed a silicon based solar cell for Bell Labs. Since the creation of the...top layer of a Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) solar cell which was simulated in ATLAS software. 3 II. BACKGROUND The use of CNTs to improve the

  7. Applications of Ion-Beam Milling and Deposition Techniques to HEL (High Energy Laser) Optics.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-11-23

    using a Twyman -Green interferometer with one leg in the vacuum deposition chamber ........ ...................... .. 14 Figure 3. Deomonstration of...of beam current and voltage. 13 b) I Figure 2. Photographs of interference pattern produced using a Twyman -Green interferometer with one leg in the...Measurements of optical surface roughness were made versus milling depth for various ion beam conditions and geometry arrangements. A Twyman -Green

  8. Targeting Estrogen Receptor-Beta in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-04-01

    breast cancers (TNBCs) account for ~10-15% of breast cancers and are associated with poor clinical outcomes and worse disease -free and overall survival...Mechanisms, Structure and Role in Disease . Nova Science Publishers Inc., New York, ISBN 978-1-62257-180-2. (Book Chapter) Shanle E, Xu W...correlation, pɘ.0001 for both comparisons).   14 Figure 5: ERβ expression is not significantly associated with disease

  9. Multiplexed fluorescence detector system for capillary electrophoresis

    DOEpatents

    Yeung, E.S.; Taylor, J.A.

    1994-06-28

    A fluorescence detection system for capillary electrophoresis is provided wherein the detection system can simultaneously excite fluorescence and substantially simultaneously monitor separations in multiple capillaries. This multiplexing approach involves laser irradiation of a sample in a plurality of capillaries through optical fibers that are coupled individually with the capillaries. The array is imaged orthogonally through a microscope onto a charge-coupled device camera for signal analysis. 14 figures.

  10. Control Strategy: Wind Energy Powered Variable Chiller with Thermal Ice Storage

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-12-01

    Rotor model created in Solidworks with NACA0018 blade profile. ...............24 Figure 16. Setup model of the rotor and the stator for simulation...depicted in Figure 6. 14 Figure 6. Micro-grid physical setup at the Turbo Propulsion Laboratory. An integrated Solidworks model of system...for wind turbine simulations. Solidworks design software helped to create the three-blade profile shown in Figure 15. The radius of the rotor was

  11. An Adaptive Kalman Filter Excisor for Suppressing Narrowband Interference

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-11-01

    smoothing is being used ....... .. 14 Figure 9: Profile of the frequency deviation constant d used in the phase- and envelope - tracking tests...varied according to the profile in Fig. 9 ........................................... 16 Figure 11: An example of the envelope - tracking capability of the... envelope - tracking tests. As an example, Fig. 9 illustrates a time-varying frequency deviation constant d. The interference for this case was

  12. The Effectiveness of Remotely Piloted Aircraft in a Permissive Hunter-Killer Scenario

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    13   2.8. Urban Canyon Line-of-Sight Model in SCOPEM...areas. To represent the impact of “urban canyons ” on the ability to track targets, SCOPEM overlays a separate LOS model for streets on top of the...elevation. 14 Figure 2.8. Urban Canyon Line-of-Sight Model in SCOPEM compared to the width of the road (both of which may be set at will

  13. Controlled Tests of Educators and Submersible Pumps

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-09-01

    Waterways Experiment S.ation CatellEing -in-Publication Data Controlled tests of eductors and submersible pumps / by James p . Clausner ... [et al...14 Figure 13a. Sample test data collected by the computer ............ 16 Figure 14. Pull-out test of DRP eductor...20 Figure 15. One-minute average production rates for the DRP and Indian River Inlet eductors ........................ 26 Figure 16 . One-minute average

  14. Stimulating Innovation and Accelerating the Development of Complex and Slowly Maturing Technologies Through Advanced Technology Prize Competitions

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-06-15

    manufacturers such as Volkswagen , and defense contractors such as Oshkosh Truck Corporation. 14 Figure 3 illustrates the Grand Challenge strategy and the...Discovery Channel as well as the Public Broadcasting Service’s NOVA program covered the event.47 The winner of the race was a modified Volkswagen Toureg from...driver productivity. In 2003 there were 6.3 million police reported motor vehicle accidents in the U.S. alone. These accidents resulted in over

  15. Phase-Locked Optical Generation of mmW/THz Signals

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-11-01

    engineering technique, such as quantum - well intermixing , is necessary [27], thereby facilitating integration of additional active devices, such as...Offset Quantum Well ” base epitaxial structure. ....................................................... 14 Figure 13. “ Offset Quantum Well Platform...active sections that contain quantum wells with th e lo west-energy gain/absorption pe ak ( corresponding t o f orward/reverse bi as) a t t he 13

  16. Hybrid Particle-Continuum Numerical Methods for Aerospace Applications

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-01-01

    solution of the Navier-Stokes equations with modern computational uid dynamics ( CFD ) can be found eciently with very little loss in physical accuracy...lee side. During the skip portion, the CFD simulation method over-predict the measurements by over a factor of two. Based on the reconstructed data...macroscopic methods ( CFD ) on the after-body of the AS-202 ight capsule and comparison with experimental ight data [14] Figure 3: Reconstruction of

  17. U.S. Army Nurse Membership, Accession and Loss Profiles (1987). Volume 1, Reserves

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-12-01

    is given in Table 14. Figure 11 shows this geograpic distribution for all USAR nurses for each individual rank from Second Lieutenant to Colonel. The...location of medical units or a recruiting/attrition The geograpic distribution of TPR locations for AING nurses differed from that of the USAR. Members...characteristics would also be helpful for market segmentation research. In addition, family configuration data would aid recruiters as well as policy makers c

  18. Radiation Effects on Ytterbium-doped Optical Fibers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-06-02

    14 Figure 5. Representative double- clad fiber cross section (n1>n2>n3). Rare earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers function on the...and signal intensity profile over the area of the inner cladding and core area are assumed to be uniform. 2.5 All fiber laser The potential uses for...was actively pumped during irradiation experienced decreased laser pulse width and output power for increasing dose. Before the end of irradiation

  19. Aerolization During Boron Nanoparticle Multi-Component Fuel Group Burning Studies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-02-03

    fuel burner assembly system with a Phase-Doppler-Particle Analyzer ( PDPA ) to investigate the effect of specific nanoparticle addition (boron, CeO2...variable fuel and gas supply, and Aerometrics Phase-Doppler-Particle Analyzer ( PDPA ). …………………… 14 Figure 3. Schematic diagram of the group...gas supply showing optimal control flame rates, adjustable stage, and Aerometrics Phase-Doppler-Particle Analyzer ( PDPA ). Position 1, 2, 3, and 4

  20. Circularly Polarized Measurements of Radar Backscatter from Terrain.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-02-01

    Figure 2:. Entrance to Mark Twain National Forest in Southern Missouri ....... ...................... ... 14 Figure 3: Site 2--an area of shortleaf pine...conditions). The tree measurements were completed in Mark Twain National Forest in Southern Missouri (sites 1-6); the road-surface measurements were...measurements for this program were completed at six sites in the Mark Twain National Forest in Southern Missouri during August and again in November of

  1. Agile Methods in Air Force Sustainment: Status and Outlook

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-10-01

    Software 2005] 14 Figure 4: Types of Backlogs [Palmquist 2013] 16 Figure 5: Continuous Delivery Deployment Pipeline [Humble 2010] 28 CMU/SEI-2014-TN... pipeline , and the team can no longer proceed due to external dependencies. In some cases, the regulatory mandate CMU/SEI-2014-TN-009 | 25 has a...team members [Humble 2010, Swartout 2012]. CMU/SEI-2014-TN-009 | 29 One way to describe the deployment of an automated pipeline is as follows

  2. Displacement of Tethered Hydro-Acoustic Modems by Uniform Horizontal Currents

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-12-01

    surface of a 1097 m deep water column , the MATLAB algorithm needs the cable drag coefficient to be CD = 1.6. The cable shapes are similar and the...being approximately 2000 m long (see Figure 14). Figure 14. Moored case study with spherical float BZ–26 syntactic foam is used as flotation ...spherical float, Nitronic 50B cable, D = 16 mm, s = 2000 m, V = 3 kt, current flows right to left 27 The volume of the flotation material

  3. Investigation of Impact Load Absorption through Suspension Line Elongation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1952-12-01

    16 1. Charts . . ’ . . . .. . . 16 2. glong~tion Ratin of Li; Goups . . . 163. Graphs . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ... . 16 SECTION IV - DISCUSSION OF...Tester . ...................... z14 Figure 16 . Frazier Air Porosity Tester in Use ....... 215 Figure 17. 30 ft., Extended Skirt CsnoW’ in Deployment Bag...line than on canopies strung with high elongation line. WMADR 5&~5T 1 CONCLUSIONS; 15. Nylon is superior to fortisan in shock absorbing capacity. 16

  4. Underwater EIT Follow-on Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-01-01

    scan; if not, the word „empty‟ is used to indicate the lack of target. The colour scale of the figures varies from red to blue, with white ...Rusting was accelerated using vinegar to recreate the degree of rusting that would occur naturally over longer periods of time. Figure 65 shows...This is the value implicitly used in Neptec‟s original algorithm. The object is 3cm in diameter and 7cm in height. ...... 14 Figure 10

  5. Hardware Model of a Shipboard Generator

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-05-19

    together and connecting them in series electrically provides a rated capacity of 4 HP. Figure 3: Coupled Motors 14 Figure 4: Motor Nameplate... Series programmable DC power supplies were chosen from lab inventory to meet this requirement. The power supplies were placed in a parallel master-slave...voltage IM = armature current RM = armature resistance VC = counter voltage (back electromotive force) If the magnetic field is

  6. The status of electric industry restructuring

    SciTech Connect

    Morey, M.

    1996-12-31

    This presentation discusses current electric utility regulatory reform with a focus on the impacts of competition in the Midwest marketplace. Information and data are presented through 14 figures and 30 tables. Regulatory issues at the state and Federal levels are very briefly outlined, including reciprocity, unbundling, stranded cost recovery, and independent system operation. Graphical data on energy capacity by source, capacity additions, wholesale markets, electricity prices, and market development are also presented.

  7. Indonesian Maritime Security Cooperation In the Malacca Straits

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-01

    77 ix LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. Illustrative Map of Indonesia Territorial Based on the TZMKO 1939. ...........14 Figure 2...Map of Indonesia Territory Based on Act No. 4/1960 Concerning Indonesian Waters (with 12 Miles Territorial Waters Breadth). .....................19...which membership funding is based on voluntary contributions. After all, Singapore was willing to bear the cost of the ReCAAP organization’s entire

  8. Dynamic Failure of Sandwich Beams With Fluid-Structure Interaction Under Impact Loading

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    14 Figure 7. Piezo electric load cell...gal) of water to achieve a specimen depth of 50.8 mm (2 in) below the free surface. A ball valve attached to a standard garden hose can drain the...sleeve fitted over the end of the impacting rod. Figure 7. Piezo electric load cell As with Owen’s experiment, data acquisition was carried out

  9. Experimental Evaluation of the Corrosive Potential of Flux Residue Cleaning Agents.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-11-02

    0.0003 inch) pitting corrosion was detected on the aluminum casing components that were cleaned with the water-based deter- gent cleaner and coated with... Corrosion Pitting on Specimen 7212 ......... 14 Figure 4. Photomicrograph Documenting Corrosion Damage on Surface of Specimen 6123...specimens, the maximum depth of pitting corrosion attack measured less than 0.001 inch which represents less than two percent of the specimens available

  10. Optical Approaches for Drug Screening Based Light-Harvesting Conjugated Polyelectrolyte

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-03-01

    membrane and inhibit spore germination/’ Aspergillus niger (A. niger) was chosen for these studies since it is one of the most common species of the...genus Aspergillus, is more resistant to antimicrobial agents than other species such as Candida albicans,and is responsible for mold infections on...outer membrane and inhibit spore germination. 14 Figure 4. Binding of PTP to the outer surface of A. niger. (a) Phase contrast image (left) and

  11. Building a Better Model: A Personalized Breast Cancer Risk Model Incorporating Breast Density to Stratify Risk and Improve Application of Resources

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-12-01

    were of nor- mal weight, seven (23%) were over- weight, and seven (23%) were obese . All 30 cases were analyzed by using Cumulus ABD, Volpara, and...care Lifestyle Other health problems Age No children /having them later Birth control pill use Environmental issues Breastfeeding Hormone therapy use...Alcohol use Don’t know Weight/ obesity Diet Genetics, genetic mutations Smoking/tobacco use Family history of breast cancer 14 Figure 2. Accuracy

  12. Efficacy of Two Novel Anodic Coatings for Enhanced Corrosion Protection of Aluminum Armor Alloys

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-01-01

    dolly pulled off at 1980 psi. .....................................................................................................15 Figure 17. ASTM D...tests were performed using a loading fixture commonly referred to as a “ dolly .” The dolly is secured normal to the coating surface using a cyanoacrylate...adhesive. After allowing the adhesive to cure for 24 h at 25 °C at 50% relative humidity, the attached dolly was inserted into the test apparatus

  13. Nutrient Intake of the Repatriated United States Army, Navy and Marine Corps Prisoners-of-War of the Vietnam War

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1978-11-01

    Calcium, mg/day; Phosphorus, mg/day; Iron, mg/day ...................... 15 Figure 5. Vitamin A, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin , Ascorbic Acid...overcooking was not practiced. Thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin (Figure 5) appeared to differ be- tween the North and the South after 1969, when the prisonnrs...Figure 5. Vitamin A, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin , Ascorbic Acid Figure𔄀. Percent of Diets with Vitamin Supplements APPENDIX A 11 K 200 NORTH180

  14. Micromachined Precision Inertial Instruments

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2003-11-01

    and vacuum packaging techniques to achieve degree-per-hour inertial micro-gyroscopes. A single-wafer, all-silicon, high aspect-ratio p...Although vacuum packaging substantially reduces the mechanical noise of a surface micromachined accelerometer and lowers the output noise floor...it is desirable to operate sensors in atmosphere since vacuum packaging is not cost effective [15]. Figure 10: Performance improvements for In

  15. Software Supply Chain Risk Management: From Products to Systems of Systems

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-12-01

    Attack 9 Figure 5: Suppliers 11 Figure 6: Acquirers 15 Figure 7: Supply Chain Factors for Acquisitions 16 CMU/SEI-2010-TN-026 | iv CMU/SEI...Branch of the Department of Homeland Security’s National Cyber Security Division. The Acquisition Support Program at the Software Engineering...between these kinds of acquisitions . Product development is completed in advance of an acquirer’s product and supplier assessment. There is no

  16. RDX in Plant Tissue: Leading to Humification in Surface Soils

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-01-01

    the dark red-green coleus compared to all green coleus—there is no change in the ratio of RDX concentration. When the chocolate mint was compared to... chocolate mint, a variety of spearmint [Mentha spicata], had significantly lower RDX concentrations in its leaf tissues. Further research is needed to... dark red-green coleus ............................................................... 15 Figure 9. RDX distribution in the green-red coleus

  17. Thermal Battery Operating Gas Atmosphere Control and Heat Transfer Optimization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-09-01

    Approved for public release; distribution unlimited. 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The effects of gases and gas mixtures on global...highly effective in atmospheres of pure hydrogen and are potentially useful in mixtures of hydrogen and air. Barium chromate (BaCrO4) placed in contact...15 Figure 9. Gas gettering from a 79.6/20.4 volume percent hydrogen/air mixture

  18. Laser Doppler Velocimetry Measurements Across A Normal Shock In Transonic Flow

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1993-03-01

    15 A. SUPERSONIC WIND TUNNEL ..... ............. .. 15 B. LASER DOPPLER VELOCIMETRY SYSTEM ........... .. 20 1. Laser and Optics...of instability or high velocity gradients. Studies done on particle lag prediction, Chesnakas and Andrew [Ref. 15 ], and particle dynamics effects on...form the convergent-divergent nozzle and test 15 Figure 5. Supersonic Wind Tunnel CONVERGENT. D•VRGENT CONTROL VALVE SBLEtO TEST SECTION CONTROL VALVE

  19. High-pressure CVD Growth of InN and Indium-rich Group III-nitride Compound Semiconductors for Novel Mid- and Far-infrared Detectors and Emitters

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-02-01

    polarity of Group III-nitride crystals. A higher concentration of indium in InGaN/GaN quantum wells (QW) results in more strain and more polarization36...fluctuation) induced localized states in the InGaN layers play major roles in achieving highly efficient blue and green InGaN multiple quantum wells (MQW...the phase segregation process in dissimilar materials, or  the formation of straight or compositional graded quantum wells . p. 15 Figure 10

  20. Environmental Assessment for US 98 (SR 30) at the Entrance to Hurlburt Field

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    vulpes Sheepshead Minnow Cyprinodon variegatus Pocket Gopher Geomys pinetus Cotton Rat Sigmodon hispidus Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias White...control number. 1. REPORT DATE SEP 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Environmental Assessment for...1-5 Figure 2.1-1: Initial Interchange Types Considered ........................................................... 2-3 Figure 2.2

  1. Investigation of the Interface Phenomena Due to Interaction of High Intensity Stress Waves with Geologic Boundaries

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-11-30

    shockwave ........................ 10 Figure 5. Stress-density data fit for gray granodiorite ........... 15 Figure 6. Stress-density data fit for NTS...types were dry NTS tuff, gray granodiorite , and limestone, [5] and [6]. The data obtained in Ref. [5] were obtained from high pressure die assemblies...The results are shown in Figures 5 - 7. The data fit analysis for granodiorite resulted in two curves passing through the data points. The first curve

  2. National Program for Inspection of Non-Federal Dams. Collins Company Lower Dam (CT 00380), Connecticut River Basin, Avon-Burlington, Connecticut. Phase I Inspection Report.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1979-07-01

    exists possibly induced by major seepage along what appears to be a construction joint. The spauling has progressed to a point where large surface pockets...Stability 13 Liquifaction 13 VI. RECOM4ENDATIONS 14 Foundation 14 Leakage 14 Excavation 14 Stability Analyses 15 FIGURE 1 16 • FIGURE 2 17 -AO 8- 10...required in bedrock. It is very difficult to access the potential .for damage to the existing structures from blasting without better knowledge of

  3. Spectrometer for measuring the concentration of components in a fluid stream and method for using same

    DOEpatents

    Durham, M.D.; Stedman, D.H.; Ebner, T.G.; Burkhardt, M.R.

    1991-12-03

    A device and method are described for measuring the concentrations of components of a fluid stream. Preferably, the fluid stream is an in-situ gas stream, such as a fossil fuel fired flue gas in a smoke stack. The measurements are determined from the intensity of radiation over a selected range of radiation wavelengths using peak-to-trough calculations. The need for a reference intensity is eliminated. 15 figures.

  4. Cold Flow Diluent Mixing Study Using Radial High Density Ratio Jets into a Circular Freestream

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-07-01

    CAD) solid models. From the CAD model, computational grids are generated for the CFD simulations using Gridgen v.15. Appropriate flow modeling...release, Distribution is unlimited 4 Figure 2: Geometry and Mesh Boundaries in Water Jet Simulations Grid Generation and Flow Model GRIDGEN v.15...generated using GRIDGEN v.15. Figure 4 shows the computational domain for the dual-jet configuration. The modeled domain contains 1.3 to 1.8

  5. Physical Readiness Testing of Surface Warfare Officers

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-06-01

    DATE OF REPORT (year, month, day) 15 PAGE COUNT Master’s Thesis From To 1991 June 115 16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION The views expressed in this thesis are...FIGURES Figure 1. Distribution of Age Groups (Source: NPS Survey) ................ 15 Figure 2. Distribution of Ship Types (Source: NPS Survey...fitness (Source: Officer Instrument).. 29 Figure 15 . Respondents who claim their job demands a higher level of fitness than required to score ’satisfactory

  6. Curriculum Development for Transfer Learning in Dynamic Multiagent Settings

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-06-01

    Figures 1 Different subgames in Quick Chess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 An example five-room layout with one virtual dog , one...PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED 15 Figure 2: An example five-room layout with one virtual dog , one chair, bag, and backpack with the same color...door. The visual representation of the agent is a virtual dog , since people are familiar with dogs being trained with reinforcement and punishment. The

  7. Volume Sensor Development Test. Series 5 - Multi-Compartment System

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-12-30

    video detection NIR near-infrared NRL Naval Research Laboratory ODM optical density meter OH overhead OPS Operations Office PC personal computer PVLS...thermocouples (TCs), optical density meters ( ODMs ), and COTS spot-type smoke detectors were added to the six spaces. The instrumentation monitored the...of the instrumentation are shown in Figs 13 through 15. Figures 13 and 14 show the locations of the TCs, ODMs and smoke detectors on the 3d deck. The

  8. Performance Analysis of the Link-16/JTIDS Waveform with Concatenated Coding, Soft Decision Reed-Solomon Decoding, and Noise-Normalization

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-09-01

    15 Figure 6. Continuous-phase BFSK or MSK Demodulator with Slope Detector. The Signal ( ) m t is...symbol. Thus, [6] 12 2 1 k b EkP P - = - (2.10) where EP is the probability of symbol error for an M -ary orthogonal signal set. 9 4. Reed...field (GF) instead of on bits. There are m bits per symbol. An ( , )n k RS encoder takes k information symbols and generates n coded symbols. Thus

  9. An Evaluation of the Technical Feasibility of the Packed Tower Advanced Oxidation Process for the Removal and Destruction of Contaminants from Water

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-06-01

    reactor unit. This last factor is of particularly great importance since it largely determines the size and basic design of the reactor. Levenspiel (6... Levenspiel , 6; Charpentier, 15). Figure 2 represents the concentration profiles across a phase boundary for each reactant as envisioned by film theory. A...of steps in series, the rate is governed by the slowest step ( Levenspiel , 6). If the chemical reaction is extremely rapid (essentially instantaneous

  10. Solving Multi-variate Polynomial Equations in a Finite Field

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2013-06-01

    10 Figure 3.1 State array of AES. From [1]. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Figure 3.2 Shift Rows operation (s...using an S-box, 2) shifting rows, 3) mixing columns, and 4) adding a round key. In each round, the Byte Substitution transformation occurs first...The specific combination of these three functions is what provides confusion in the cipher [18, p. 34-36]. Figure 3.2: Shift Rows operation (s=initial

  11. Defense Contract Management: DOD’s Lack of Adherence to Key Contracting Principles on Iraq Oil Contract Put Government Interests at Risk

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-07-01

    cost reductions attributable to its audit findings. We compared the sustention rates on DCAA’s 11 RIO I contract audits to the sustention rates...for 100 DCAA audits of other Iraq contract actions, and found that the sustention rates varied widely for both groups. DOD’s Army Corps of Engineers...Figure 1: Reasons for DCAA Questioned Costs 8 Figure 2: Elapsed Days from Notice to Proceed to Definitization 15 Figure 3: Comparison of Sustention

  12. Do-it-yourself guideline for constructing a solar alcohol distillation system

    SciTech Connect

    Kennedy, B.W.

    1982-07-27

    The development and testing of a solar powered distillation system are described. The system consists of a parabolic dish collector, a two axis sun tracking stand, sun tracking solar cell system, condenser, fermentation tanks, and continuous distillation still. The assembly instructions for the parabolic dish are included as well as the basic steps to follow in mashing and fermenting of corn meal. 15 figures. (DMC)

  13. Design development tests for composite crashworthy helicopter fuselage

    SciTech Connect

    Sen, J.K.; Dremann, C.C.

    1985-10-01

    Design development tests were conducted to investigate the crashworthy characteristics of composite helicopter fuselage subcomponents, and to design helicopter center beam/bulkhead specimens lighter than structural elements of honeycomb sandwich construction. Skinstringer designs of center beams - made of carbon, and hybrids of carbon and Kevlar - were fabricated and tested in axial compression. Crashworthy design parameters of specific energy, operating load and stroke efficiency were investigated. 8 references, 15 figures, 2 tables.

  14. A Novel Mechanism for the Pathogenesis of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer Resulting from Early Exposure to Ultraviolet Light

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-09-01

    hybrid mice show a large population of cells that fluoresce with Tomato Red and few cells that fluoresce with GFP only or GFP/ Tomato Red double positive...percent of total cells Double Negative GFP Tomato Red Double Positive 15 Figure 3. Fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) shows slight...Negative Tomato Red Double Positive 17 Figure 5. Fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) shows no K14-GFP expressing cells and slight expression of

  15. Near-Field Acoustic Measurements Using a Line Array in Shallow Water

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-12-20

    hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and...2.3: Sample Bearing Time Record 11 Figure 2.4: Sample Averaged Bearing Time Record 11 Figure 2.5: Near Field Equation Geometry 15 Figure 2.6...field, are discussed as a background as well as to present methods used in this paper. In the far field regime, standard time delay beamforming is

  16. Assessments of the Impact of 1206-Funded Projects in Selected Countries: Lebanon, Pakistan, Yemen, Sao Tome, and Principe

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-07-01

    3. 1206 impact on M 113 availability ................................ 15 Figure 4. 1206 impact on helicopter missions for Nahr Al Barid 17 Figure 5...the three-month battle of Nahr al- Barid against the AI-Qaeda affiliated movement [AQAM] militants from the Fatah al-Islam or- ganization. 1206 has...artillery ammunition to the LAF to restock its arsenal after the huge expenditure of ammu- nition during the Nahr al- Barid battle. This support has

  17. Process for Preparing Composite Warhead Casings and Project

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1998-08-20

    OF THE DRAWING: 15 Figure 1 is a general configuration of a SMAW - HEAA warhead casing. THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS This invention is directed to the...the Shoulder-launched Multi-purpose Assault Weapon ( SMAW ), High Explosive Anti- Armor (HEAA) warhead consist of the carbon-epoxy composite case 2 of...weight. As distinguished from the composite casing of this invention, the prior SMAW (Shoulder-launched Multipurpose Assault Weapon), HEAA (High

  18. Aerodynamic Design and Performance of a Two-Stage, Axial-Flow Compressor (Baseline).

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1983-12-01

    configuration. 15 Figure 2.8 Schematic of blade fabrication showing laminates sandwiching trunnion spline. 17 Figure 2.9 Representative eyelash ...Ten times size " eyelash " profiles (see Figure 2.9) of each blade section, correspond- ing to the blade sections of the mylar drawings, were produced at...each ,. step of the manufacturing process. These eyelash drawings of the master blades and a few representative finished blades were compared

  19. Biological and aerodynamic problems with the flight of animals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holst, E. V.; Kuchemann, D.

    1980-01-01

    Biological and aerodynamic considerations related to birds and insects are discussed. A wide field is open for comparative biological, physiological, and aerodynamic investigations. Considerable mathematics related to the flight of animals is presented, including 20 equations. The 15 figures included depict the design of bird and insect wings, diagrams of propulsion efficiency, thrust, lift, and angles of attack and photographs of flapping wing free flying wing only models which were built and flown.

  20. Effects of Temperature and Steam Environment on Fatigue Behavior of Three SIC/SIC Ceramic Matrix Composites

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-09-01

    15 Figure 8. MTS System Corporation model 810 5 kip servo-hydraulic machine .............. 17 Figure 9. Susceptor inside AMTECO Hot Rail...SiC/SiC ceramic composites that are targeted for long-term structural applications at temperatures higher than the capability of metallic superalloys ...machines were equipped with several elped to maintain the necessary environmen station was equipped with a compact, dual zone AMTECO Hot -Rail Furnace

  1. High resolution track etch autoradiography

    DOEpatents

    Solares, G.; Zamenhof, R.G.

    1994-12-27

    A detector assembly is disclosed for use in obtaining alpha-track autoradiographs, the detector assembly including a substantially boron-free substrate; a detector layer deposited on the substantially boron-free substrate, the detector layer being capable of recording alpha particle tracks and exhibiting evidence of the alpha tracks in response to being exposed to an etchant, the detector layer being less than about 2 microns thick; and a protective layer deposited on the detector layer, the protective layer being resistant to the etchant and having a thickness of about 0.5 to 1 microns. 13 figures.

  2. Apparatus and methods for detecting chemical permeation

    DOEpatents

    Vo-Dinh, T.

    1994-12-27

    Apparatus and methods for detecting the permeation of hazardous or toxic chemicals through protective clothing are disclosed. The hazardous or toxic chemicals of interest do not possess the spectral characteristic of luminescence. The apparatus and methods utilize a spectrochemical modification technique to detect the luminescence quenching of an indicator compound which upon permeation of the chemical through the protective clothing, the indicator is exposed to the chemical, thus indicating chemical permeation. The invention also relates to the fabrication of protective clothing materials. 13 figures.

  3. Linear Regression Modeling of Selected Analytes from the Balad Air Sampling Program

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2012-04-05

    Modeling of Selected Analytes from the Balad Air Sampling Program by Major Hildehardo Viado, Jr. Environmental Science Engineer Officer United...sampling site distances in kilometers…………………....24 Table 2-3. Material source(s) of combustion and potential health risks from exposure for the...13 Figure 2-3. Contract workers segregating waste materials at Camp Taji, Iraq…..………………………………………………………………....16 Figure 2-4. Camp Taji, Iraq

  4. Method of making permanent magnets

    DOEpatents

    McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

    1993-09-07

    A method for making an isotropic permanent magnet comprises atomizing a melt of a rare earth-transition metal alloy (e.g., an Nd--Fe--B alloy enriched in Nd and B) under conditions to produce protectively coated, rapidly solidified, generally spherical alloy particles. Wherein a majority of the particles are produced/size classified within a given size fraction (e.g., 5 to 40 microns diameter) exhibiting optimum as-atomized magnetic properties and subjecting the particles to concurrent elevated temperature and elevated isotropic pressure for a time effective to yield a densified, magnetically isotropic magnet compact having enhanced magnetic properties and mechanical properties. 13 figures.

  5. The Acousto-Optic Interaction in an Infinite Slab of Isotropic Material,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-04-01

    AD-A097 202 HARRY DIAMOND LABS ADELPHI MD F/S 17/1 THE ACOUSTO - OPTIC INTERACTION IN AN INFINITE SLAB OF ISOTROPIC -- ETC(U) APR 80 S D SCHARF...611101.91A0011 .A1.A1 HOL Project: A10935 1S. KEY WONS (Cf ft "W reweee eld. It neceseeM md Io.t.Itl by block nm er) Acousto - optics Diffraction Mathieu... Acousto - Optic Interaction for Bragg Angles ...................... 13 FIGURES 1. Incident wave is split by acoustic wave into discrete diffracted orders

  6. Instrumented Experiments Aboard the Frigate WOLF. Wolf 2: Background Information Concerning the Transducers and Mounting Methods Used

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-08-01

    signaalbewerkingssysteem. Acc.,sion r rNTIS I Sr ,J. ,0..." .7.. ......... .......... I.-. . .- "," .. Ib TNO-report PML 292489093 Page 3 CONTENTS ...SUMMARY/SAMENVATTING 2 CONTENTS 3 1 INTRODUCTION 5 2 BLAST MEASUREMENTS 7 2.1 Pressure transducers 7 2.2 Mounting method of the pressure transducers 8 3... contents of this container are shown in Figure 13. Figure 13 Measurement set-up during the Wolf Phase II experiments (891057-19) TNO-report PML 292489093

  7. An FPGA-Based System for Tracking Digital Information Transmitted Via Peer-to-Peer Protocols

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2009-03-01

    Recovery of Illegal Files . . . . . . . . 13 2.2.3 The BitTorrent Monitoring System . . . . . . . 15 2.2.4 The CopyRouter Peer-to-Peer Tracking...downloaded, what servers the peer-to-peer 13 Figure 2.5: The File Marshal Forensic Software Investigation Process [AJ07] client has connected to in the past...d8:announce 42:http://www.legaltorrents.com:7070/announce 13 :creation date i1081312084e 4:info d6:length i2133210e 4:name 15:freeculture.zip 12:piece

  8. Carbon attrition during the fluidized combustion of coal. Quarterly technical progress report, 1 September-30 November 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Massimilla, L.; Chirone, R.; D'Amore, M.; Mazza, A.

    1984-05-01

    Batchwise fluidized bed combustion of a coal has been carried out to investigate the generation of elutriable carbon fines by attrition of the burning char. Differences between the purely mechanical attrition and the combustion assisted attrition of the char have been outlined. The time required to activate the char surface as regards attrition explains certain features of carbon elutriation curves. Attrition rate constants determined from these curves are compared with those previously found by continuous fluidized combustion of the same coal. 20 references, 13 figures, 3 tables.

  9. Piezocomposites for Active Surface Control

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1999-01-19

    section of 100 mm single layer SmartPanel 3 Figure 4. Preliminary design for 2-layer SmartPanel 3 Figure 5. Baseline SonoPanel configuration 4 Figure 6...baseline SonoPanel design 10 Figure 12. TVR of 100 x 100 mm baseline SonoPanel design 10 Figure 13. FFVS of 250 x 250 mm baseline SonoPanel design ...12 Figure 14. TVR of 250 x 250 mm baseline SonoPanel design 12 Figure15. 100 mm, 250 mm, and 750 mm SonoPanel transducers 13 Figure 16

  10. Numerical Hopkinson Bar Analysis: Uni-Axial Stress and Planar Bar-Specimen Interface Conditions by Design

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2004-09-01

    3- D analysis, uni-axial stress, specimen design, planar bar-specimen interface, transmission tube 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 19a. NAME OF...direction; subscripts i = C, D , and E represent bar-center, specimen-edge, and bar-edge, respectively; superscripts j = 1 and 2; “1” = IB-S interface...S BD / D = 0.60 , S SH / D 1.00= , SD̂ = 0.60. .........13 Figure 11. Axial stress distribution on the surface of ceramic specimen at a different

  11. Effects of supply conditions on film thickness in lubricated Hertzian contacts

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dalmaz, G.; Godet, M.

    1980-01-01

    A generalization of the hydrodynamic expression for Hertzian contacts is described and various methods for calculating the thickness of the oil film winter steady-state, isothermal conditions are given. This is important for engineering applications such as gears and bearings because these results are closer to real operating conditions. Theories of lubrication are discussed, and the mathematics involved are presented using approximately 30 equations and 13 figures. For lubricated, linear, elliptical or point Hertzian contacts it is demonstrated how to calculate the thickness of the oil film at the center of the contact for steady-state isothermal conditions.

  12. Microelectronic superconducting crossover and coil

    DOEpatents

    Wellstood, F.C.; Kingston, J.J.; Clarke, J.

    1994-03-01

    A microelectronic component comprising a crossover is provided comprising a substrate, a first high T[sub c] superconductor thin film, a second insulating thin film comprising SrTiO[sub 3]; and a third high T[sub c] superconducting film which has strips which crossover one or more areas of the first superconductor film. An in situ method for depositing all three films on a substrate is provided which does not require annealing steps and which can be opened to the atmosphere between depositions. 13 figures.

  13. Transitioning Domain Analysis: An Industry Experience.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1996-06-01

    Planning Activities 15 5.2 Contracting Resources 16 5.2.1 FODA Research Team 16 5.2.2 Supporting Organizations 18 5.3 Tool & Database Plan 18 5.3.1...References 6 Implementation 6.1 Analysis of Operator Services’ Requirements Process 21 6.2 Preliminary Planning for FODA Training by SEI 21...Groups in the Pilot Study 9 Figure 2: Flow of Communication and Needs Between the SEI, GSP and Operator Services 13 Figure 3: Nortel FODA

  14. In Vitro Toxicity of Aluminum Nanoparticles in Rat Alveolar Macrophages

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-03-01

    This is due to aluminum’s effects on the gills, causing high ventilation rates, low oxygen blood tension, and overall gill damage that include an...there are many similarities between chromium (Cr), essential in glucose metabolism, and aluminum. Urine and plasma samples were taken from diabetic ...53 12. Figure 4-8: TNF-alpha Production….……………………………………………….54 .. 13. Figure 5-1: LD50 Dose Estimates and Low Exposure

  15. The Investigation into Hydraulic Gear Pump Efficiencies in the First Few Hours of the Pump’s Lives and a Comparative Study of Accelerated Life Tests Methods on Hydraulic Fluid Power Gear Pumps. Part III.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1980-07-31

    8217 Milwaukee School of Engineering 1025 N. MilwaukeeSt. _Milwaukee1 _Wisconsin 53201 ______ ICOMTT40LLING OFFICE NAML ANt- .UorRLSb 12 RIEPORT DATF US Army...Other test standards used in this effort are referenced in report parts I and II. -1- 80 9 11 O14, Figure No. 3.3.6 Number of Pump Test Specimens Broken...Z0(0-- .0-*0- 5a--- m- CD 0.E C CCM,0 A MCD 0. A L"J 0 A 3.7 Observations 3.7.1 Using either of the two methods for determining displacement produces

  16. Monoclonal antibodies for the separate detection of halodeoxyuridines and method for their use

    DOEpatents

    Vanderlaan, M.; Watkins, B.E.; Stanker, L.H.

    1991-10-01

    Monoclonal antibodies are described which have specific affinities for halogenated nucleoside analogs and are preferentially selective for one particular halogen. Such antibodies, when incorporated into immunochemical reagents, may be used to identify and independently quantify the cell division character of more than one population or subpopulation in flow cytometric measurements. Independent assessment of division activity in cell sub-populations facilitates selection of appropriate time and dose for administration of anti-proliferative agents. The hybridomas which secrete halogen selective antibodies and the method of making them are described. 14 figures.

  17. Analysis of the Effectiveness of F-15E Risk Management during Peacetime Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-06-18

    factors root causes or contributory. A fault tree analysis coupled with the Department of Defense’s Human Factors Analysis and Classification System...process……………………………………………..10 Figure 3: ABCD model superimposed on the 5-Step process…………………………..14 Figure 4: Fault tree analysis subjective example...22 Figure 5: Person-Level Factors……………………………………………………….....25 Figure 6: Fault tree analysis of Class A Mishaps

  18. Electrochemical thinning of silicon

    DOEpatents

    Medernach, J.W.

    1994-01-11

    Porous semiconducting material, e.g. silicon, is formed by electrochemical treatment of a specimen in hydrofluoric acid, using the specimen as anode. Before the treatment, the specimen can be masked. The porous material is then etched with a caustic solution or is oxidized, depending of the kind of structure desired, e.g. a thinned specimen, a specimen, a patterned thinned specimen, a specimen with insulated electrical conduits, and so on. Thinned silicon specimen can be subjected to tests, such as measurement of interstitial oxygen by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). 14 figures.

  19. Speaker Segmentation and Clustering Using Gender Information

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-02-01

    The fea- ture set used was the same as in Subsection 3.2, except that RASTA filtering [14] was applied to compensate for channel effects. Each speech...to 300-3138 Hz with the 0 1h coefficient removed and deltas of the features included. RASTA filtering [14], Figure 3: Performance of the MFCC/GMM...41, January 2000. sre-05_evalplan-v6.pdf) [14] H. Hermansky and N. Morgan, " RASTA processing [4] S. Chen and P. Gopalakrishnan, "Speaker, envi- of

  20. Power MEMS Development

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2011-05-01

    the glass wafer, improving flip-chip alignment, and improving metal adhesion during the release process. 14 Figure 17: SEM image of a Version...fabrication using Au layers with a thin Cr adhesion layer. We evaluated lift-off and wet-etch processes and found that the lift-off method provided good...electrodes, the signal from the amplifier was fed into an in-house designed balun circuit. The balun was built by winding a 24-AWG enamel -coated wire

  1. Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium (22nd) Held at Hampton, Virginia on 4-6 May 1988.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-05-06

    base with redundant reading heads. The Mobile Transporter also has to detect which bay it is on at any time. Various methods of encoding truss... extend from the actuator. As the wax cools and solidifies, it contracts, allowing the rod to be pushed back into the actuator. These commercial...and 2b. This actuator will extend 7.5 cm against a resisting force of 120 N (27 Ibs) when heated from 35 0 C to 40 0 C. 14 Figure 2a: HOP Ac~utcr

  2. A Progress Report on Undergraduate Software Engineering Education

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1994-05-01

    Figures Figure 2.1. Locations of Undergraduate Programs Surveyed 3 Figure 3.1. Locations of Software Engineering Graduate Programs 14 Figure 3.2 Growth of...and Senior Years 21 Figure 3.4 CMU Combined Electrical and Computer Engineering Curriculum 22 Table of Tables Table 3.1. Graduate Programs in...Software Engineering 13 Table 3.2. Graduate Programs in Computer Science with a Software Engineering Option 13 ii CMU/SEI-94-TR-11 A Progress Report on

  3. Enhanced photo-activated luminescence for screening polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) and other related chlorinated compounds

    DOEpatents

    Tuan Vodinh.

    1993-12-21

    The presence of polychlorinated biphenyls and other chlorinated compounds in a sample is determined by treating the sample with a photo-activator and then exposing the treated sample to a UV light source. The UV light produces a photo-product complex, which is subsequently excited with UV light to cause luminescence of the complex. The luminescence is detected and characteristics of the luminescence spectra are used to determine the presence of chlorinated compounds and also the quantity of the chlorine in the compounds. 14 figures.

  4. Built-in-Test Verification Techniques

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-02-01

    Organization 1-5 2.0 Military Electronic Design Trends 2-1 22.1 Design Technology Trends 2-1 2.1.1 Computer-Aided Engineering 2-3 2.1.2 Artificial Intelligence 2...Figure 1-1 BIT Verification Program Task Flow 1-4 Figure 2-1 Military 3lectronics Design Trends 2-2 Figure 2-2 Avionics System Architectures 2-11... design trends were examined to determine their impact on BIT design: Computer-Aided Engineering Artificial Intelligence Modular Avionics Packaging Pave

  5. Mathematical Fluid Dynamics of Store and Stage Separation

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-05-01

    used to characterize the interaction of the waves with the microstructure and the results are validated against experiment. 14 . SUBJECT TERMS boundary...problem (Problem P 1) ..... 14 Figure 12 Computational schlieren snapshots of instantaneous cavity flow fields with and w ithout jet control...governed by 14 SC71193.RFRFTV r RoCKWELL J SCIENTIFIC L[G] - (7a) 2 =0, (7b) G(ooz, 0) < oc• (7c) where 6(x) signifies the delta function of x. Further

  6. Hybrid Architectures for Evolutionary Computing Algorithms

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2008-01-01

    STATEMENT APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED. PA# WPAFB 08-0064 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14 . ABSTRACT This report documents the...operator (in Xilinx StateCadtool) …….. 14 Figure 6. Partial code fragment of the declone operator, hand coded from state Diagram...Histogram of number of words added by exhaustive search for the runs of Figure 12 ………………………………………………………... 27 Figure 14 . Performance comparison of

  7. Very Large Parallel Data Flow

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1988-03-01

    Procss Pro$ I npt Ts ilVr Tr m SeFd ouTree Tree ( AlP)t Toietec t ChTc mnewor aet Ch e g egvker Uwthe absra PE Resom Aat Network Clause Memoy, Term Meory ...276 % ’r 16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION aN". N/A 17. COSATI CODES 18. SUBJECT TERMS (Continue on rovere If necessary and identify by block number) FIELD...h - v - * List of Figures Figure 2.1 Relational Algebra Tree 14 Figure 3.1 DAG Representation of Terms 30 Figure 3.2 Example of program

  8. Shore Ice Ride-Up and Pile-Up Features. Part 2. Alaska’s Beaufort Sea Coast--1983 and 1984,

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1984-09-01

    up to 3 m high on one edge of On the northwest side of Narwhal Island (Fig. the sandbag perimeter wall and in places had cas- A2) the sandy gravel...ice southwest end of Narwhal Island, VA-m-thick ice ride-up on the south side of Pole Island (position was thrust from the west approximately 30 m 0...ups were seen on several of the Narwhal Island. In addition, in several places ice barrier islands located northeast of Anderson Pt. 14 % . -_ Figure

  9. Numerical search for a phi/sup 4/ breather mode

    SciTech Connect

    Wingate, C.A.

    1983-02-01

    A numerical search for a stable oscillating mode in the phi/sup 4/ equation similar to one that is known in the sine-Gordon equation has been carried out. Starting with a widely separated soliton and antisoliton traveling toward each other it is observed, after a long period of time (t approx. 2800), that the solitons form a quasistable oscillating state. An interesting, previously unknown structure in the interaction depending on the initial velocity and initial separation is found and studied in detail. 12 references, 14 figures, 2 tables.

  10. World economic outlook: a survey by the staff of the International Monetary Fund. [Monograph

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    This report extends the analysis of economic developments, policies, and prospects first presented in the May 1980 Outlook. the estimates and projections for various groups of industrial and developing countries are built up on a country-by-country basis, drawing on the International Monetary Fund's statistical resources and consultations. The global perspective now covers the People's Republic of China, nonmember European countries, and the Soviet Union. The report begins with a general survey, followed by chapters on industrial countries, oil-exporting developing countries, and non-oil developing countries. Key policy issues are identified as stagflation in industrial countries and global adjustment and financing. 14 figures, 50 tables. (DCK)

  11. Two-phase chromium-niobium alloys exhibiting improved mechanical properties at high temperatures

    DOEpatents

    Liu, C.T.; Takeyama, Masao.

    1994-02-01

    The specification discloses chromium-niobium alloys which exhibit improved mechanical properties at high temperatures in the range of 1250 C and improved room temperature ductility. The alloys contain a Cr[sub 2]Nb-rich intermetallic phase and a Cr-rich phase with an overall niobium concentration in the range of from about 5 to about 18 at. %. The high temperature strength is substantially greater than that of state of the art nickel-based superalloys for enhanced high temperature service. Further improvements in the properties of the compositions are obtained by alloying with rhenium and aluminum; and additional rare-earth and other elements. 14 figures.

  12. Nonrelativistic theory of heavy-ion collisions

    SciTech Connect

    Bertsch, G.

    1984-07-17

    A wide range of phenomena is observed in heavy-ion collisions, calling for a comprehensive theory based on fundamental principles of many-particle quantum mechanics. At low energies, the nuclear dynamics is controlled by the mean field, as we know from spectroscopic nuclear physics. We therefore expect the comprehensive theory of collisions to contain mean-field theory at low energies. The mean-field theory is the subject of the first lectures in this chapter. This theory can be studied quantum mechanically, in which form it is called TDHF (time-dependent Hartree-Fock), or classically, where the equation is called the Vlasov equation. 25 references, 14 figures.

  13. Development of an Air Sampling and Analytical Method for 1,6-Hexamethylene Diisocyanate.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1981-07-10

    naphthalenemethylamine (NMA) previously used by Levine et al. for collecting airborne diisocyanates in bubblers (7), and N -l- naphthyl - ethylenediamine (NED...1473 // 1 , __..... ... SECURITY CLASSIFICATI N OF’THIS PAGE 1I1’en Date En Now. INTRODUCTION During the summer of 1979 the principal investigator...configuration for analysis of NMA and HDI-NMA - - _V I O 14. Figur 2. HL hoaormso M n D-MAadTI sn cI (-$ . ! _ - 0 I ! 4 8 1 164 8 2 1 * 1 0 .. . . . . II

  14. Polarimetric Thermal Imaging

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2007-03-01

    From [2]) ........8 Figure 2.2: Lissajous figure for linearly polarized light (From [3])...................................10 Figure 2.3: Lissajous ... Lissajous figure equation: δδ 222 sincos) 2 ()()( =−+ oyox yx oy y ox x EE EE E E E E (2.10) where, δ= δBx B-δBy Bis the phase difference between...2.14) Figure 2.2 shows the Lissajous figure for linearly polarized light. Similar substitution into Equation (2.11) shows that the angle of

  15. Microelectronic superconducting device with multi-layer contact

    DOEpatents

    Wellstood, F.C.; Kingston, J.J.; Clarke, J.

    1993-10-26

    A microelectronic component comprising a crossover is provided comprising a substrate, a first high T[sub c] superconductor thin film, a second insulating thin film comprising SrTiO[sub 3] ; and a third high T[sub c] superconducting film which has strips which crossover one or more areas of the first superconductor film. An in situ method for depositing all three films on a substrate is provided which does not require annealing steps. The photolithographic process is used to separately pattern the high T[sub c] superconductor thin films. 14 figures.

  16. Distribution of radium and plutonium in human bone

    SciTech Connect

    Schlenker, R.A.

    1984-01-01

    This paper presents aspects of current and recent work on the distribution of radium and plutonium near the surfaces of human bone and applications of the data. Included are sections on methods, surface deposit thickness, radium distribution near the endosteal surface, the use of alpha spectrometry in conjunction with autoradiography, radium distribution in the mastoid, and factors affecting plutonium specific activity. Emphasis is placed on the alpha spectrometry technique because of its usefulness and its recent application to problems of local dosimetry. 19 references, 14 figures, 6 tables.

  17. Automatic Knowledge Acquisition for Aerial Image Interpretation.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1987-12-01

    Segmentations For Dulles and Andrews AFB IC I ’ " Dulles AL 4 Andrws AFB3 AUTOMATING KNOWIIx;I ACQt:!I [’ION FOIt AEII.LI, IMACE, iNTEi.,u’if EI’ATION...For Dulles and Andrews AFB 14 Figure 3-3: Flight Information Charts With Airport Layouts For Dulles and 15 Andrews AFB Figure 5-1: Suburban House Scene...data for Dulles International and Andrews AFB. Figure 3-3 illustrates a similar type of ground truth data, but perhaps not as detailed as the hand

  18. Steam Reforming of Methyl Fuel - Phase I

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-06-30

    1./CHR[ON ) M A-14 ....... FIGURE 11. REKRF5ThA OF~j ~ U MAIN PRODUCT MOLE FRACTIONS 1 C(S),2 COP3 C02 9 4 CH4,5 H2o6 H20 1.0 .8 *z __ _ _-_-_ __" o...c~.0 A- RU FIGU Rh "TR O 0F -ME7THY5LJ MRIN PRODUCT MOLE FRACTIONS IC(S) 2 COP3 C0294 CH4 .5 H2 G H20 Ld .4 .2- .00 (ST[RM/CRBfON)M A- 17 FICURE 14

  19. Cr-W-V bainitic/ferritic steel with improved strength and toughness and method of making

    DOEpatents

    Klueh, R.L.; Maziasz, P.J.

    1994-03-08

    This work describes a high strength, high toughness bainitic/ferritic steel alloy comprising about 2.75% to 4.0% chromium, about 2.0% to 3.5% tungsten, about 0.10% to 0.30% vanadium, and about 0.1% to 0.15% carbon with the balance iron, wherein the percentages are by total weight of the composition, wherein the alloy having been heated to an austenitizing temperature and then cooled at a rate sufficient to produce carbide-free acicular bainite. 15 figures.

  20. Apparatus for storing high magnetic fields having reduced mechanical forces and reduced magnetic pollution

    DOEpatents

    Prueitt, M.L.; Mueller, F.M.; Smith, J.L.

    1991-04-09

    The present invention identifies several configurations of conducting elements capable of storing extremely high magnetic fields for the purpose of energy storage or for other uses, wherein forces experienced by the conducting elements and the magnetic field pollution produced at locations away from the configuration are both significantly reduced over those which are present as a result of the generation of such high fields by currently proposed techniques. It is anticipated that the use of superconducting materials will both permit the attainment of such high fields and further permit such fields to be generated with vastly improved efficiency. 15 figures.

  1. Electrochemical determination of the corrosion behavior of candidate alloys proposed for containment of high level nuclear waste in tuff

    SciTech Connect

    Glass, R.S.; Overturf, G.E.; Garrison, R.E.; McCright, R.D.

    1984-06-18

    Long-term geological disposal of nuclear waste requires corrosion-resistant canister materials for encapsulation. Several austenitic stainless steels are under consideration for such purposes for the disposal of high-level waste at the candidate repository site located at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. With regard to corrosion considerations, a worst case scenario at this prospective repository location would result from the intrusion of vadose water. This preliminary study focuses on the electrochemical and corrosion behavior of the candidate canister materials under worst-case repository environments. Electrochemical parameters related to localized attack (e.g., pitting potentials) and the electrochemical corrosion rates have been examined. 15 references, 15 figures, 4 tables.

  2. A Model for Predicting Cognitive and Emotional Health from Structural and Functional Neurocircuitry Following Traumatic Brain Injury

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2016-10-01

    HCs and ES mTBI survivors (two-sample t- test , p < 0.01). There was also significant difference between ESS scores for HCs and LS mTBI survivors (two... scores for ES and LS mTBI survivors (two-sample t- test , p > 0.05). 15 Figure 5. Comparison of ESS and RBANS scores (coding) between HCs, ES: mTBI and...there was significant difference between RBANS coding scores (two-sample t- test , p < 0.05) for HCs and ES mTBI survivors and there was no significant

  3. Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations environmental area characterization report, compiled July 1982

    SciTech Connect

    1984-07-01

    The Environmental Area Characterization Report describes the southwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada, a potential location for a geologic repository for high-level radioactive waste. The characterization summarizes reports supplied by Sandia National Laboratories, which cover the following topics: atmosphere, radiation background, hydrosphere, biosphere, energy and mineral resources, socioeconomics, and cultural resources. This report is one of a series of documents sponsored by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations Project. 43 references, 15 figures, 20 tables.

  4. Commercial scale demonstration enhanced oil recovery by micellar-polymer flood. Monthly progress report, March 1985

    SciTech Connect

    Mueller, L.M.

    1985-03-01

    This report describes work conducted on the Maraflood oil recovery process, M-1 Project, throughout the month of March 1985. Information is presented under two Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) elements: WBS 2300 - performance monitoring; and WBS 2400 - economic monitoring. Performance monitoring reporting includes discussions of the 2.5-acre and 5.0-acre pattern oil cut performance for March 1985. Economic monitoring discusses the abandonment of one producing well in the 2.5-acre pattern area of the M-1 Project. 15 figures.

  5. Effects of Positive Acceleration on Corneal Stability in Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) Subjects

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2005-06-01

    Corneal Topography …………………..………………………………... 17 Visual Acuity…………………………………………………………..... 18 Discussion...Change As A Function of +Gz………………………. 15 Figure 12: Autokeratometry Changes As A Function Of +Gz……………………. 16 Figure 13: Corneal Topography ...both eyes within 10 minutes. Corneal topography data was collected using the EyeSys Vista™ HANDHELD CORNEAL TOPOGRAPHER (HCT) (Figure 8

  6. An Investigation of Structural Locality in the Memory Referencing Behavior of Computer Programs

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1992-12-01

    o ’ I ’ ’. I.._= " " -. - O’U •IOJJl.(I uonrnq!ins!u B-15 Figure B.15. Differences in lie New I).istribut.iois of lth I- xplorer Overall Traces 00 E... IEEE . B1MM84. Richard B. Bunt, Jennifer M. Murphy, and Shikharesh Majunrndar. A measure of pro- gram locality and its application. In Proceedings of the...main memory. IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, 4(2):121-130, March 1978. Spi77. Jeffrey R. Spirn. Program Behavior: Models and Measurements

  7. Gas flow means for improving efficiency of exhaust hoods

    DOEpatents

    Gadgil, A.J.

    1994-01-11

    Apparatus is described for inhibiting the flow of contaminants in an exhaust enclosure toward an individual located adjacent an opening into the exhaust enclosure by providing a gas flow toward a source of contaminants from a position in front of an individual to urge said contaminants away from the individual toward a gas exit port. The apparatus comprises a gas manifold which may be worn by a person as a vest. The manifold has a series of gas outlets on a front face thereof facing away from the individual and toward the contaminants to thereby provide a flow of gas from the front of the individual toward the contaminants. 15 figures.

  8. Shockwave Propagation in Nonequilibrium Air Plasma

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-07-01

    V cm-1), the observed B3Πg – A3Σu+ intensity jumps by at least 20% compared to the steady state in 2 μs. This requires a rate of change of the...S.E.Ponomareva, V.M.Shibkov, High Temp. 29, 468 (1990) 5. Y.Z. Ionikh, N. V . Chernysheva, A . V . Meshchanov, A . P. Yalin and R.B. Miles, Phys. Lett. A 259...Cathode Anode 15 Figure 2a -15 -10 -5 0 m V 1.51.00.50.0 mS 20 15 10 5 m

  9. Direct Numerical Simulations of Plunging Airfoils

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-01-07

    Figure 4. Vorticity distribution in the airfoil’s wake - Sr = 0.29 Figure 5. Streak lines, experimental data by Jones and Platzer - Sr = 0.29 -2 -1.5 -1...in the airfoil’s wake - Sr = .60, h = .1, k̃ = .6 Figure 9. Streak lines, experimental data by Jones and Platzer - Sr = 0.60, h = .2, k̃ = .3 Lift...Sr = 1.5 Figure 14. Streak lines, experimental data by Jones and Platzer - Sr = 1.5 V. Conclusion This paper shows how to solve with high resolution

  10. Large Scale Integrated Circuits for Military Applications.

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1977-05-01

    4 -» E§o, •»- "O irt » z •— C C CO o s- E E 1- 10 0 8 •"•» 4 - O...Institutional Considerations iii v 1 4 9 16 17 19 19 29 35 39 42 48 53 59 59 65 68 71 75 75 78 LJ vii &a m u : »1 s...rr""- I u I! I > a ii ,11 la. lb. lc. 2. 3. 4 . 5. 6. 7, 8a. 8b. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 1%. 15. FIGURES Price/Gate

  11. Cerebral scintigraphy--the phoenix rises again.

    PubMed Central

    Shepstone, B. J.

    1988-01-01

    This paper reviews the development of cerebral scintigraphy from its early days of planar imaging with simple technetium-99m labelled compounds to the recent revival of the technique in the form of positron-emission and single-photon emission tomography. A short explanation of instrumentation and radiopharmaceuticals is given as a prelude to a description of both techniques in normal and pathological situations. Particular emphasis is placed on the more readily-available single-photon emission-tomographic techniques using labelled amines in the functional investigation of disorders not readily diagnosed by computed tomography. Images Figure 2(a) Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 PMID:3047720

  12. Benefits of explosive cutting for nuclear-facility applications

    SciTech Connect

    Hazelton, R.F.; Lundgren, R.A.; Allen, R.P.

    1981-06-01

    The study discussed in this report was a cost/benefit analysis to determine: (1) whether explosive cutting is cost effective in comparison with alternative metal sectioning methods and (2) whether explosive cutting would reduce radiation exposure or provide other benefits. Two separate approaches were pursued. The first was to qualitatively assess cutting methods and factors involved in typical sectioning cases and then compare the results for the cutting methods. The second was to prepare estimates of work schedules and potential radiation exposures for candidate sectioning methods for two hypothetical, but typical, sectioning tasks. The analysis shows that explosive cutting would be cost effective and would also reduce radiation exposure when used for typical nuclear facility sectioning tasks. These results indicate that explosive cutting should be one of the principal cutting methods considered whenever steel or similar metal structures or equipment in a nuclear facility are to be sectioned for repair or decommissioning. 13 figures, 7 tables. (DLC)

  13. Preburn versus postburn mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of overburden and coal at the Hanna, Wyoming underground coal gasification site

    SciTech Connect

    Oliver, R.L.; Youngberg, A.D.

    1983-12-01

    Hundreds of mineralogic and geochemical tests were done under US Department of Energy contracts on core samples taken from the Hanna underground coal gasification site. These tests included x-ray diffraction studies of minerals in coal ash, overburden rocks, and heat-altered rocks; x-ray fluorescence analyses of oxides in coal ash and heat-altered rocks; semi-quantitative spectrographic analyses of elements in coal, overburden, and heat-altered rocks; chemical analyses of elements and compounds in coal, overburden, and heat-altered rocks and ASTM proximate and ultimate analyses of coal and heat-altered coal. These data sets were grouped, averaged, and analyzed to provide preburn and postburn mineralogic and geochemical characteristics of rock units at the site. Where possible, the changes in characteristics from the preburn to the postburn state are related to underground coal gasification processes. 11 references, 13 figures, 8 tables.

  14. Analysis of gravity anomaly over coral-reef oil field: Wilfred Pool, Sullivan County, Indiana

    SciTech Connect

    Dana, S.W.

    1980-03-01

    To compare the measured and theoretical gravity anomaly of a typical coral-reef oil field, data were collected from the wilfred Pool, Sullivan County, Indiana. Densities of available core samples from the field were determined and the anomaly was calculated, taking into account the lateral and vertical variation of density and the geologic structure known from core studies and drilling-log records of lithologic types penetrated by the wells. Comparison of the theoretical and actual anomalies indicated a rough correspondence except for several sharp negative anomalies on the flanks of the measured gravity anomaly. Further studies indicated that the negative anomalies are possibly due to fluvial erosion that produced, on the surface of the youngest Pennsylvanian sediments, channels which were later filled with glacial till of lower density than the sediments. 13 figures.

  15. Thread gauge for tapered threads

    DOEpatents

    Brewster, A.L.

    1994-01-11

    The thread gauge permits the user to determine the pitch diameter of tapered threads at the intersection of the pitch cone and the end face of the object being measured. A pair of opposed anvils having lines of threads which match the configuration and taper of the threads on the part being measured are brought into meshing engagement with the threads on opposite sides of the part. The anvils are located linearly into their proper positions by stop fingers on the anvils that are brought into abutting engagement with the end face of the part. This places predetermined reference points of the pitch cone of the thread anvils in registration with corresponding points on the end face of the part being measured, resulting in an accurate determination of the pitch diameter at that location. The thread anvils can be arranged for measuring either internal or external threads. 13 figures.

  16. Radiological dose assessments of atolls in the Northern Marshall Islands

    SciTech Connect

    Robison, W.L.

    1983-11-01

    Methods and models used to estimate the radiation doses to a returning population of the atolls in the Marshall Islands are presented. In this environment natural processes have acted on source-term radionuclides for nearly 30 years. The data bases developed for the models, and the results of the radiological dose analyses at the various atolls are described. The major radionuclides in order of their contribution to the total estimated doses were /sup 137/Cs, /sup 90/Sr, /sup 239/ /sup 240/Pu, /sup 241/Am, and /sup 60/Co. Exposure pathways in order of their contribution to the estimated doses were: terrestrial food chain, external ..gamma.., marine food chain, inhalation, and cistern water and ground water. 56 references, 13 figures, 16 tables.

  17. Neutron and gamma dose and spectra measurements on the Little Boy replica

    SciTech Connect

    Hoots, S.; Wadsworth, D.

    1984-06-01

    The radiation-measurement team of the Weapons Engineering Division at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) measured neutron and gamma dose and spectra on the Little Boy replica at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in April 1983. This assembly is a replica of the gun-type atomic bomb exploded over Hiroshima in 1945. These measurements support the National Academy of Sciences Program to reassess the radiation doses due to atomic bomb explosions in Japan. Specifically, the following types of information were important: neutron spectra as a function of geometry, gamma to neutron dose ratios out to 1.5 km, and neutron attenuation in the atmosphere. We measured neutron and gamma dose/fission from close-in to a kilometer out, and neutron and gamma spectra at 90 and 30/sup 0/ close-in. This paper describes these measurements and the results. 12 references, 13 figures, 5 tables.

  18. Recent development in pyrochemistry at Los Alamos

    SciTech Connect

    McNeese, J.A.; Fife, K.W.; Williams, J.D.

    1984-01-01

    Recent developments in pyrochemical processing at Los Alamos include the recovery of plutonium from anodes and impure metal by pyroredox and new molten salt handling and purification techniques. The anode is dissolved in a ZnCl/sub 2/ KCl salt to form PuCl/sub 3/ and a zinc and impurities button. Calcium reduction of the PuCl/sub 3/ yields 95 to 98% pure plutonium. New techniques for transferring molten salt from a purification or regeneration vessel to molds has been successfully developed and demonstrated. Additional salt work involving recycle of direct oxide reduction salts using anhydrous hydrogen chloride, phosgene, and chlorine gases is under way. 13 figures, 1 table.

  19. Portable centrifugal analyzer for the determination of rapid reaction kinetics

    SciTech Connect

    Bostick, W.D.; Bauer, M.L.; McCracken, R.; Mrochek, J.E.

    1980-02-01

    A portable centrifugal analyzer prototype is capable of rapidly initiating reactions and monitoring 17 optical channels as they rotate past a stationary photodetector. An advanced rotor drive permits transfer of discretely loaded sample and reagent into a cuvette within 60 ms. Various rotor designs have been employed to ensure effieicnt mixing concurrent with solution transfer, thus permitting absorbance or luminescence measurements to be made almost immediately after solution contract. Dye-dillution studies have been used to investigate transfer and mixing efficiencies. Rotor designs with parallel access for sample and reagent into the cuvette were found to promote efficient mixing during liquid transfer. The hypochlorite-luminol chemiluminescent reaction served to demonstrate the utility of the system for performing rapid kinetic analyses. Appropriate adjustment of reaction conditions allows first-order reaction half-lives as short as 0.04 s to be measured. 13 figures, 3 tables.

  20. Modelling and assessment of advanced processes for integrated environmental control of coal-fired power plants. Technical progress report

    SciTech Connect

    Barrett, J.G.; Bloyd, C.N.; McMichael, F.C.; Rubin, E.S.

    1984-07-01

    The key objective of this research is the development of a computer based model for the assessment of integrated environmental control (IEC) systems for conventional and advanced coal fired power plant designs. Efforts during the period April 1-June 30, 1984 focused on, (1) testing of a preliminary integrated model linking pre-combustion and post-combustion control options for conventional plants; (2) documentation of the analytical models of existing control technology options; (3) development and preliminary testing of a second model design for the propagation and analysis of uncertainty; and (4) development of new analytical models needed for IEC assessments. Activities and accomplishments in each of these areas are described. 4 references, 13 figures, 4 tables.

  1. Striped bass, temperature, and eutrophication: a speculative hypothesis for environmental risk

    SciTech Connect

    Coutant, C.C.

    1982-01-01

    The paradoxical record of striped bass distribution and abundance, including population declines in coastal waters and variable success of freshwater introductions, is analyzed for consistency with a thermal niche-dissolved oxygen-squeeze hypothesis. A commonality among diverse field and laboratory observations supports a genetic-based thermal niche for the species that changes to lower temperatures as fish age. This shift can cause local conditions, especially warm surface strata and deoxygenated deep water, to be incompatible with the success of large fish. Crowding due to temperature preferences and avoidance of low oxygen concentrations can lead to pathological symptoms and over fishing, which may contribute to population declines. Through a mixture of evidence and conjecture, the thermal niche-dissolved oxygen hypothesis is proposed as a unified perspective of the habitat requirements of the species that can aid in its study and management. 141 references, 13 figures.

  2. Method for imaging with low frequency electromagnetic fields

    DOEpatents

    Lee, K.H.; Xie, G.Q.

    1994-12-13

    A method is described for imaging with low frequency electromagnetic fields, and for interpreting the electromagnetic data using ray tomography, in order to determine the earth conductivity with high accuracy and resolution. The imaging method includes the steps of placing one or more transmitters, at various positions in a plurality of transmitter holes, and placing a plurality of receivers in a plurality of receiver holes. The transmitters generate electromagnetic signals which diffuse through a medium, such as earth, toward the receivers. The measured diffusion field data H is then transformed into wavefield data U. The travel times corresponding to the wavefield data U, are then obtained, by charting the wavefield data U, using a different regularization parameter [alpha] for each transform. The desired property of the medium, such as conductivity, is then derived from the velocity, which in turn is constructed from the wavefield data U using ray tomography. 13 figures.

  3. Photobioreactors: models for interaction of light intensity, reactor design, and algal physiology

    SciTech Connect

    Frohlich, B.T.; Webster, I.A.; Ataai, M.M.; Shuler, M.L.

    1983-01-01

    A generalized structured, nonsegregated model for algal growth has been developed. Cell components were active biomass, reserves, chlorophyll and associated pigments, and photosynthate. The computer model can predict the behavior of the system in batch and continuous culture. The model can be used to determine the optimal combination of independent variables (dilution rate (D), incident light intensity (I/sub 0/), concentration of the first-limiting inorganic nutrient (S/sub 0/), and vessel geometry (L)) to maximize the economic productivity of a continuous culture system. An effectiveness factor approach has been developed that allows the rapid estimation of the combination of D, I/sub 0/, S/sub 0/, and L resulting in light-limited growth. This approach is novel in that it is applied to the reactor as a whole rather than a single catalyst pellet. 39 references, 13 figures.

  4. Fabrication process for a gradient index x-ray lens

    DOEpatents

    Bionta, R.M.; Makowiecki, D.M.; Skulina, K.M.

    1995-01-17

    A process is disclosed for fabricating high efficiency x-ray lenses that operate in the 0.5-4.0 keV region suitable for use in biological imaging, surface science, and x-ray lithography of integrated circuits. The gradient index x-ray optics fabrication process broadly involves co-sputtering multi-layers of film on a wire, followed by slicing and mounting on block, and then ion beam thinning to a thickness determined by periodic testing for efficiency. The process enables the fabrication of transmissive gradient index x-ray optics for the 0.5-4.0 keV energy range. This process allows the fabrication of optical elements for the next generation of imaging and x-ray lithography instruments in the soft x-ray region. 13 figures.

  5. Neovascularization and tumor growth in the rabbit brain. A model for experimental studies of angiogenesis and the blood-brain barrier.

    PubMed Central

    Zagzag, D.; Brem, S.; Robert, F.

    1988-01-01

    A model for the study of tumor angiogenesis within the rabbit brain is presented. Implantation of the VX2 carcinoma provides a reproducible tumor accompanied by angiogenesis. The authors report the sequential growth, histology, tumor neovascularization, and vascular permeability of this tumor following its intracerebral implantation. Tumor angiogenesis correlates with the rapid and logarithmic intracerebral tumor growth. The proliferation of blood vessels in the tumor and the organization of tumor cells around tumor vessels are described. Breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (detected by Evans blue leakage) starts in the early stages of tumor development and becomes prominent as the tumor vasculature and size increase. This model is useful for experimental studies of angiogenesis. Images Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 6 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 10 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 15 PMID:2451889

  6. SPLENOPORTAGRAPHY IN PORTAL HYPERTENSION—Its Value in Selecting the Operative Procedure of Choice

    PubMed Central

    Mikkelsen, William P.; Pattison, Arthur C.

    1957-01-01

    Splenoportagraphy has become an almost indispensable adjunct to the surgical management of portal hypertension. In many instances it will provide the basis for the selection of the operative procedure. Certain instances of intrahepatic portal hypertension due to cirrhosis that might better be managed by splenorenal shunt rather than by the generally preferred method of direct end-to-side portacaval shunt may be determined by this procedure. The procedure finds its greatest application in the accurate delineation of the three major types of extrahepatic portal hypertension, each of which demands a different surgical approach. ImagesFigure 1.Figure 2.Figure 3.Figure 4.Figure 5.Figure 6.Figure 7.Figure 8.Figure 9.Figure 10.Figure 11.Figure 12.Figure 13.Figure 14. PMID:13413692

  7. Characterization of two types of crystalloids in pleomorphic adenomas of minor salivary glands. A light-microscopic, electron-microscopic, and histochemical study.

    PubMed Central

    Campbell, W. G.; Priest, R. E.; Weathers, D. R.

    1985-01-01

    Crystalloids have been previously described in salivary gland tumors. In order to ascertain the incidence of these structures, the authors reviewed a series of 294 minor salivary gland tumors. One hundred thirty pleomorphic adenomas were identified, and 6 of these contained crystalloids. No crystalloids were found in other benign or malignant salivary gland tumors. These six file cases and a recent seventh case containing crystalloids were studied by light and electron microscopy and with histochemistry. Two types of crystalloids were found. One case contained previously described tyrosine-rich crystalloids, and the other six contained crystalloids composed of radially arranged collagen fibers. Both types of crystalloids are further characterized and discussed. Images Figure 1-3 Figure 4-6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 PMID:2982270

  8. Teaching electron diffraction and imaging of macromolecules.

    PubMed Central

    Chiu, W; Schmid, M F; Prasad, B V

    1993-01-01

    Electron microscopic analysis can be used to determine the three-dimensional structures of macromolecules at resolutions ranging between 3 and 30 A. It differs from nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or x-ray crystallography in that it allows an object's Coulomb potential functions to be determined directly from images and can be used to study relatively complex macromolecular assemblies in a crystalline or noncrystalline state. Electron imaging already has provided valuable structural information about various biological systems, including membrane proteins, protein-nucleic acid complexes, contractile and motile protein assemblies, viruses, and transport complexes for ions or macromolecules. This article, organized as a series of lectures, presents the biophysical principles of three-dimensional analysis of objects possessing different symmetries. Images FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 PMID:8324196

  9. Wildlife distribution and abundance on the Utah oil shale tracts 1975-1984

    SciTech Connect

    Grant, C.V.

    1986-07-01

    Distribution and abundance of 215 amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals were monitored for 10 years on Utah's Oil Shale Tracts using line transects, mist netting, and live trapping. Wildlife monitoring was conducted in four major vegetation types and during all seasons to establish a quantitative baseline for use in impact identification during oil shale mining. Habitat preferences were established for many species in cold desert vegetation of two types of desert shrub, and juniper and riparian woodlands. Seasonal, annual, and habitat distribution of each class demonstrated a variety of adaptive responses to environmental variables. The most important environmental variables, that is, those factors resulting in a predictable change in wildlife populations, were, in descending order: weather, food resource, shelter, and competition. 31 references, 14 figures, 10 tables.

  10. Low-temperature distillation plants: a comparison with seawater reverse osmosis

    SciTech Connect

    Hoffman, D.

    1981-07-01

    Low-temperature distillation plants using large aluminum-alloy heat-transfer surfaces have reduced energy requirements to levels projected today for second-generation seawater reverse-osmosis (SWRO) plants. Less sensitive to feed contamination, and totally free from maintenance associated with a complex and critical feed-pretreatment system and periodic membrane replacements, the low-temperature distillation plants out-perform SWRO plants also by their higher-quality product, 2-10 ppM TDS versus 300 to 1000 ppM TDS. Energy requirements and operating costs for Low Temperature Vapor Compression (LT-VC) and Multi-Effect-Distillation (LT-MED) plants, in dual-purpose and various waste-heat-utilization schemes, are compared with those of SWRO plants. 10 references, 14 figures, 8 tables.

  11. Zuni sequence in Williston basin - evidence for Mesozoic paleotectonism

    SciTech Connect

    Shurr, G.W.; Anna, L.O.; Peterson, J.A.

    1989-01-01

    The Zuni sequence in the Williston basin is a largescale lithogenetic package bounded by interregional unconformities. Within the sequence, three major subdivisions are separated by unconformities or marker beds and correspond with chronostratigraphic units: (1) Middle and Upper Jurassic, (2) Lower Cretaceous, and (3) Upper Cretaceous and Paleocene. The basin has clear expression in the Jurassic subdivision, poor expression in the Lower Cretaceous, and good expression in the Upper Cretaceous. A series of seven marginal paleotectonic elements surround the basin center on the west, south, and east in the US. Five more marginal elements have been described in Canada. Occurrences of oil in the Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous and of natural gas in the Upper Cretaceous are broadly related to the pattern of marginal paleotectonic elements. 14 figures, 1 table.

  12. Preparation and composition of superconducting copper oxides based on Ga-O layers

    DOEpatents

    Dabrowski, B.; Vaughey, J.T.; Poeppelmeier, K.R.

    1994-12-20

    A high temperature superconducting material with the general formula GaSr[sub 2]Ln[sub 1[minus]x]M[sub x]Cu[sub 2]O[sub 7[+-]w] wherein Ln is selected from the group consisting of La, Ce, Pt, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Y and M is selected from the group consisting of C and Sr, 0.2[<=]x[<=]0.4 and w is a small fraction of one. A method of preparing this high temperature superconducting material is provided which includes heating and cooling a mixture to produce a crystalline material which is subsequently fired, ground and annealed at high pressure and temperature in oxygen to establish superconductivity. 14 figures.

  13. Status of the development of 2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) pentaamminecobalt(III) perchlorate for DDT devices

    SciTech Connect

    Lieberman, M.L.; Fronabarger, J.W.

    1980-01-01

    The inorganic explosive 2-(5-cyanotetrazolato) pentaamminecobalt(III) perchlorate (CP) was synthesized by conventional coordination chemistry preparative methods. Its structure has been established via /sup 15/N NMR spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction techniques. Impurities have been identified and characterized. Procedures for qualification of the powder for detonator use have been established. Investigations of thermal properties are underway and no corrosion or compatibility problems have been determined under normal detonator environments. The physics of deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) of CP is being addressed. Studies are in progress to determine the shock characteristics of unreacted material, detonation parameters, equation of state of the reaction products, and characteristics of the transition to detonation. Engineering considerations have included measurements relating CP particle size, compaction behavior, spark sensitivity, shock sensitivity thermal ignition sensitivity, growth-to-detonation in device hardware, and output. 14 figures, 3 tables.

  14. In-Situ Tuff Water Migration/Heater Experiment: posttest thermal analysis

    SciTech Connect

    Eaton, R.R.; Johnstone, J.K.; Nunziato, J.W.; Korbin, C.M.

    1983-10-01

    This report describes posttest laboratory experiments and thermal computations for the In-Situ Tuff Water Migration/Heater Experiment that was conducted in Grouse Canyon Welded Tuff in G-Tunnel, Nevada Test Site. Posttest laboratory experiments were designed to determine the accuracy of the temperatures measured by the rockwall thermocouples during the in-situ test. The posttest laboratory experiments showed that the measured in-situ rockwall temperatures were 10 to 20{sup 0}C higher than the true rockwall temperatures. The posttest computational results, obtained with the thermal conduction code COYOTE, were compared with the experimentally obtained data and with calculated pretest results. Daily heater output power fluctuations (+-4%) caused by input power line variations and the sensitivity of temperature to heater output power required care in selecting the average heater output power values used in the code. The posttest calculated results compare reasonably well with the experimental data. 10 references, 14 figures, 5 tables.

  15. Final Report of the Lower Extremity Assessment Program (LEAP 99-2). Volume 2

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2000-08-01

    2 tB/3 1B 1A 0 MB 131310 BFR/OS BMetB Boot Type Figure 7: Injury Comparisons PMN 4 2A USS/ MedEng DBFR/ MedEng PATS 2 OBS/OB DGB/OS OSanda/ 1A 1...0 Sanda/ CS CS/OS SB/OS SER/OS SER/ MedEng BS/ MedEng Boot Type 14 Figure 8: Injury Comparisons Combat Boot 4 3 213 *M-14 2A *PMN MTS 2 18 1A n=5 n=l 1...AD NO. TECOM PROJECT NO. 8-EI-495-BPF001 REPORT NO. ATC-8199 (VOLUME II) USAISR INSTITUTE REPORT LEAP 99- 2 VOLUME II FINAL REPORT OF THE

  16. Radiological survey of Johnston Atoll. Dates of survey: April-August 1980. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Jaffe, R.J.; Tipton, W.J.

    1982-04-01

    A radiological survey was conducted over all land areas of Johnston Atoll between April and August 1980. The survey was performed to locate and quantify residual surface transuranic (i.e., plutonium and americium) contamination resulting from three THOR missile aborts which occurred during that portion of the 1962 atmospheric nuclear testing series conducted by the United States from Johnston Island. A high purity germanium planar detector was utilized to enhance the detection sensitivity for the 59.5 keV gamma ray from /sup 241/Am. Results are reported as equivalent surface concentration in units of nCi/m/sup 2/. Conversion factors are also included for several other assumed source distributions. Soil samples were obtained to determine plutonium-to-americium ratios. 7 references, 14 figures, 1 table.

  17. Application of asphalt emulsion seals to uranium mill tailings

    SciTech Connect

    Hartley, J.N.; Koehmstedt, P.L.; Esterl, D.J.; Freeman, H.D.; Clark, R.L.

    1980-11-01

    Studies of asphalt emulsion sealants have demonstrated that the sealants are effective in containing radon and other potentially hazardous material within uranium tailings. The laboratory and field studies have further demonstrated that radon exhalation from uranium tailings piles can be reduced by greater than 99% to less than background levels. Field tests at the tailings pile in Grand Junction, Colorado confirmed that an 8-cm admix seal containing 22 wt % asphalt could be effectively applied with a cold-mix paver. Other techniques were successfully tested, including a soil stabilizer and a hot, rubberized asphalt seal that was applied with a distributor truck. After the seals were applied and conpacted, overburden was applied over the seal to protect the seal from ultraviolet degradation. 14 figures.

  18. Noise control at fossil fuel power plants: an industrywide assessment of costs and benefits. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Hoover, R.M.

    1983-12-01

    This report presents the results of a study on the costs and perceived benefits of noise control measures currently installed at fossil power plants. Information for this study was sought from the entire fossil power plant industry in this country through a questionnaire survey and through discussions with utility personnel. A total of 84 power companies responded with information on plants. In addition, five power plants with extensive noise control measures were selected for detailed study. For these plants, case histories were prepared following plant visits and discussions with utility personnel regarding the specific noise control measures. Based on these case histories and the results of the questionnaire survey, noise control costs and perceived benefits are presented for major power plant equipment categories including draft fans, boiler feed pumps, turbine-generator systems, valves, and transformers. 12 references, 14 figures, 7 tables.

  19. Laboratory-scale evaluations of alternative plutonium precipitation methods

    SciTech Connect

    Martella, L.L.; Saba, M.T.; Campbell, G.K.

    1984-02-08

    Plutonium(III), (IV), and (VI) carbonate; plutonium(III) fluoride; plutonium(III) and (IV) oxalate; and plutonium(IV) and (VI) hydroxide precipitation methods were evaluated for conversion of plutonium nitrate anion-exchange eluate to a solid, and compared with the current plutonium peroxide precipitation method used at Rocky Flats. Plutonium(III) and (IV) oxalate, plutonium(III) fluoride, and plutonium(IV) hydroxide precipitations were the most effective of the alternative conversion methods tested because of the larger particle-size formation, faster filtration rates, and the low plutonium loss to the filtrate. These were found to be as efficient as, and in some cases more efficient than, the peroxide method. 18 references, 14 figures, 3 tables.

  20. Middle Cenozoic depositional, tectonic, and sea level history of southern San Joaquin basin, California

    SciTech Connect

    Decelles, P.G.

    1988-11-01

    As a prolific producer of hydrocarbons, the San Joaquin basin in south-central California has been the subject of geological research since the late nineteenth century. Much of this research has focused on the subsurface Eocene to lower Miocene succession because of its attractive reservoir potential. Although seismic and well-log data are available in profuse quantities, the complex sedimentary architecture of the basin fill, the application of local and inconsistent stratigraphic nomenclature, and the inherent limitations of subsurface data have led to much confusion concerning the middle Cenozoic history of the basin. This paper presents a sedimentological analysis of the depositional systems in the Eocene to lower Miocene strata of the San Emigdio and Tehachapi Mountains. The various depositional systems are considered within the contexts of encompassing depositional sequences to reconstruct the middle Cenozoic depositional, tectonic, and sea level history of the southern San Joaquin basin. 14 figures, 1 table.

  1. Proceedings of the Workshop on Program Options in Intermediate-Energy Physics. Keynote address: New directions in elementary particle physics - pantip from very low to very high energies

    SciTech Connect

    Jacob, M.

    1980-05-01

    The recent development of cooling techniques offers the possibility to obtain intense sources of antiprotons, stacking them as they are produced at a multi-GeV accelerator. The wide array of applications presently considered, ranging from reactions at extremely low energy in the case of p anti p atoms to reactions at hundreds of GeV in the case of head-on collisions between protons and antiprotons accelerated at the same time in a super synchrotron, is reviewed. Special emphasis is put on the present CERN program, which will reach the data-taking stage in 1981. The study of p anti p interactions is meant as an illustration of how new possibilities open new directions in elementary particle physics, whether reaching energies hitherto much beyond accelerator possibilities or developing new lower-energy beams improved tremendously over those presently available. 14 figures, 1 table.

  2. Plutonium-uranium separation in the Purex process using mixtures of hydroxylamine nitrate and ferrous sulfamate

    SciTech Connect

    McKibben, J.M.; Chostner, D.F.; Orebaugh, E.G.

    1983-11-01

    Laboratory studies, followed by plant operation, established that a mixture of hydroxylamine nitrate (HAN) and ferrous sulfamate (FS) is superior to FS used alone as a reductant for plutonium in the Purex first cycle. FS usage has been reduced by about 70% (from 0.12 to 0.04M) compared to the pre-1978 period. This reduced the volume of neutralized waste due to FS by 194 liters/metric ton of uranium (MTU) processed. The new flowsheet also gives lower plutonium losses to waste and at least comparable fission product decontamination. To achieve satisfactory performance at this low concentration of FS, the acidity in the 1B mixer-settler was reduced by using a split-scrub - a low acid scrub in stage one and a higher acid scrub in stage three - to remove acid from the solvent exiting the 1A centrifugal contactor. 8 references, 14 figures, 1 table.

  3. Violent tornado climatography, 1880-1982

    SciTech Connect

    Grazulis, T.P.

    1984-05-01

    All known information sources, ranging from newspaper reports to the University of Chicago (DAPPL) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA/NSSFC) data lists, were utilized to produce a self-consistent compilation and description of violent tornado occurrences in the contiguous United States for the years 1880 through 1982. The 969 F-scale 4 and 5 tornadoes comprise the most complete and rational data base available for studies elated to violent tornado risk assessment; the data provide improved bases for licensing decisions and development of standards in safety at nuclear facility sites. Reconciliation of the DAPPL and NSSFC data lists for violent tornadoes has been achieved. Analysis of the data shows geographical and temporal variability of tornado occurrences; suggestions are given to help account for nonuniform distributions, and other suggestions are made for needed future research. 32 references, 14 figures, 8 tables.

  4. ELECTRON MICROSCOPIC STUDIES OF RENAL DISEASE

    PubMed Central

    Latta, Harrison

    1960-01-01

    The nephrotic syndrome, glomerulonephritis, disseminated lupus erythematosus and the Fanconi syndrome show characteristic changes with electron microscopy. Experimental studies of animals were carried out to determine the significance of such changes by observing reactions that occur under carefully controlled conditions. A lesion with collagen deposition that was found in the centrolobular region of glomeruli sheds new light on the function of this region. This evidence must be considered in developing an understanding of how the production of urine is controlled. Fluid-filled compartments and various bodies associated with the ultrastructure of tubule cells can be produced under conditions which suggest that these structures play a role in tubular resorption. ImagesFigure 1, 2.Figure 3.Figure 4, 5.Figure 6, 7.Figure 8, 9.Figure 10.Figure 11, 12.Figure 13, 14.Figure 15, 16.Figure 17. PMID:13759386

  5. Morphology of the spleen and lymph nodes in fatal visceral leishmaniasis.

    PubMed Central

    Veress, B; Omer, A; Satir, A A; El Hassan, A M

    1977-01-01

    Histological appearances of the spleen and lymph nodes were analysed in twenty fatal cases of human visceral leishmaniasis from Sudan. Marked atrophy of the splenic white pulp was associated with necrosis and fibrosis of thymus-dependent area, accumulation of parasite-containing histiocytes and plasma cell hyperplasia. Depletion of small lymphocytes in the paracortical areas of the lymph nodes was accomplained by proliferation of plasma cells and histiocytes in the paracortex. Depletion of small lymphocytes in thymus-dependent regions of lymph nodes and spleen is viewed as arising from immune suppression associated with antigen overloading or other factors, which may impair those aspects of lymphocyte-macrophage cooperation that are presumably necessary to kill the invading parasites. Images Figures 1-4 Figures 5-6 PMID:590992

  6. Membrane extraction in preconcentration of some uranium fission products

    SciTech Connect

    Macasek, F.; Rajec, P.; Kopunec, R.; Mikulaj, V.

    1984-01-01

    Theoretical comparison of the equilibria and kinetics of solvent extraction (SX) and emulsion liquid membrane extraction (MX) was performed using the distribution ratios at the outer inner boundaries of liquid membrane. Enhancement factors, pertraction factor (p) and mulitplication factor (N), were proposed to express efficiency of the MX technique. The extraction of cesium, strontium, cobalt(II), uranium(VI), cerium(III) and technetium(VII) was investigated from this point of view. The most perspective systems are those with chelating agents (e.g. di-2-ethylhexyl-phosporic acid and 8-hydroquinoline), especially at low concentrations (substioichiometric amounts), with which high enhancement factors can be achieved. The results with the ion-exchange systems (bis(1,2-dicarbollyl)-cobalt(III) and quaternary ammonium salts) may be interpreted as indicating some surface barriers which prevent the transport of ions. 20 references, 14 figures, 6 tables.

  7. Automated interferometric alignment system for paraboloidal mirrors

    DOEpatents

    Maxey, L.C.

    1993-09-28

    A method is described for a systematic method of interpreting interference fringes obtained by using a corner cube retroreflector as an alignment aid when aligning a paraboloid to a spherical wavefront. This is applicable to any general case where such alignment is required, but is specifically applicable in the case of aligning an autocollimating test using a diverging beam wavefront. In addition, the method provides information which can be systematically interpreted such that independent information about pitch, yaw and focus errors can be obtained. Thus, the system lends itself readily to automation. Finally, although the method is developed specifically for paraboloids, it can be seen to be applicable to a variety of other aspheric optics when applied in combination with a wavefront corrector that produces a wavefront which, when reflected from the correctly aligned aspheric surface will produce a collimated wavefront like that obtained from the paraboloid when it is correctly aligned to a spherical wavefront. 14 figures.

  8. Separation of alkali, alkaline earth and rare earth cations by liquid membranes containing macrocyclic carriers. Fourth progress report, 1 November 1981-31 July 1982

    SciTech Connect

    Christensen, J J; Izatt, R M

    1982-07-31

    The H/sub 2/O-CHCl/sub 3/-H/sub 2/O liquid membrane system was characterized with respect to the effect on cation (K/sup +/) transport rate of salt concentration and anion type. A bulk liquid membrane cell was used. A mathematical model for cation flux is being developed for several cations, several macrocycles, and mixtures of two or three cations. Eu/sup 3 +/ was not transported by 18-crown-6, but its reduced from Eu/sup 2 +/ was. Cation transport properties of calixarenes are also being investigated. Emulsion membrane systems were studied as a way of increasing the cation transport. Pb/sup 2 +/ was found to be transported by dicyclohexano-18-crown-6 through the liquid membrane. Transport rates of metal cation nitrates were measured in a water-toluene-water emulsion membrane system. 14 figures, 7 tables. (DLC)

  9. Apparatus and method for servicing an elongated suspended pump motor in an electric power plant with limited access

    DOEpatents

    Chavez, R.V.; Ekeroth, D.E.; Johnson, F.T.; Matusz, J.M.

    1994-04-26

    Elongated coolant pumps suspended under steam generators within containment in a power plant with limited access space, are removed and replaced by an elongated maintenance cart with an elongated opening along one side in which the motor is received. Rollers support the cart for conveying the elongated motor in an upright position out from under the steam generator and onto an elevator. The elevator is lowered to transfer support of the cart and motor through trunnions to saddles straddling the elevator for rotation of the cart to a generally horizontal position. The elevator then raises the horizontally disposed cart carrying the motor to a higher floor where it is rolled off the elevator and out through the auxiliary equipment hatch. 14 figures.

  10. Theoretical implications on ISABELLE physics

    SciTech Connect

    Wang, L L.C.

    1980-01-01

    A brief historical review of the development of understanding of the weak interaction and its final unification with electromagnetic theory is given first. Then the production cross sections of W/sup + -/ and Z/sup 0/ in hadronic scatterings are estimated; CVC, scaling, Drell-Yan model, structure functions and perturbative QCD, sigma/sub w/, sigma/sub z/, and production rate are aspects considered. Next, the detection of the Z/sup 0/ and W/sup + -/ in leptonic decay and hadronic decay is discussed, along with some detail features of the Drell-Yan model. Then an estimate of the onia production is given, and the Higgs boson and the technicolor pseudoscalar production are considered. In conclusion, anticipated work in these areas at ISABELLE is summarized. 48 references, 14 figures, 2 tables. (RWR)

  11. Structural changes induced by energetic heavy-ion bombardment in BaFe/sub 12/O/sub 19/: HREM investigation for low irradiation doses

    SciTech Connect

    Hervieu, M.; Groult, D.; Raveau, B.; Fuchs, G.

    1986-04-01

    Monocrystalline and polycrystalline samples of hexaferrite BaFe/sub 12/O/sub 19/ irradiated with argon and krypton ion beams of 44 and 35 MeV per nucleon, respectively, have been investigated by HREM for doses close to a x 10/sub 13/ and 2 x 10/sub 12/ ions.cm..sqrt../sub 1/. Electron microscopy examinations of the samples placed in the low energy range (0 less than or equal to E < 0.6 GeV for Ar and 0 less than or equal to E < 0.9 GeV for Kr) show several characteristic, morphologic, and crystallographic features involving numerous fractures, important bendings of the crystals, and extensive disorder leading to the loss of periodicity in the c direction. Typical induced defects have been observed and are believed to be associated with displacement cascades created by the primary ejected ions. 14 references, 14 figures.

  12. Engineering evaluation of plant oils as diesel fuel. Final report. Vol. I

    SciTech Connect

    Engler, C.R.; Johnson, L.A.; Lepori, W.A.; Yarbrough, C.M.

    1983-09-13

    This project includes evaluations of cottonseed oils and sunflower oil ethyl esters in both direct injection and precombustion chamber design diesel engines. It is one part of a major research program at Texas A and M University to study the technical feasibility of using plant oils or animal fats as alternative diesel fuels. Goals for the overall program are to define physical and chemical characteristics and optimum processing methods required for high quality alternative diesel fuels from plant or animal oils and to investigate effects of engine design on alternative fuel performance. This report describes work done under the current contract which includes evaluations of cottonseed oils and sunflower oil interesterified with ethanol as alternative diesel fuels. 15 figures, 18 tables.

  13. Major salt beds of the Palo Duro and Dalhart Basins, Texas

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-12-01

    Major salt beds are defined as salt intervals at least 75 feet thick that contain no interbeds greater than 10 feet thick and include no more than 15 percent non-salt interbeds. Maps based on the interpretation of geophysical logs from hundreds of oil and gas exploration wells reveal seven major salt beds in the Palo Duro Basin and one major salt bed in the Dalhart Basin. The most extensive major salt beds are in the central and northern Palo Duro Basin, in the Upper San Andres Formation and the Lower San Andres Formation Units 4 and 5. Of these, the major salt bed within the Lower San Andres Formation Unit 4 is the most widespread and generally the thickest. 7 references, 15 figures, 2 tables.

  14. SHELL SHOCK structural code (fourth edition)

    SciTech Connect

    Grant, J.E.; Gabrielson, V.K.

    1984-03-01

    SHELL SHOCK is a computer code that performs a frequency analysis and determines the static and dynamic response of a structure represented by mass, damping, and stiffness matrices. SHELL SHOCK is primarily intended for analyzing three-dimensional axisymmetric structures modeled using structural elements generated by the code in which the spatial coordinates are uncoupled by Fourier harmonics. A three-dimensional axisymmetric structure is then reduced to a series of two-dimensional problems, which significantly reduce the computations required. Three types of structural elements (that are uncoupled by a Fourier series) are generated internally by the code: linear beams, shells, and solids of revolution. Nonlinear beam elements are also uncoupled and included in the dynamic response computations. 6 references, 15 figures, 4 tables.

  15. Chemical and physical characterization of phosphorus smokes for inhalation exposure and toxicology studies. Final report. [Red phosphorus containing butyl rubber; white phosphorus impregnated in felt

    SciTech Connect

    Ramsey, R.S.; Moneyhun, J.H.; Holmberg, R.W.

    1985-04-01

    The chemical and physical properties of the aerosols produced from the combustion of red phosphorus containing butyl rubber (RPBR) and white phosphorus impregnated in felt (WPF) have been examined. The aerosols were produced at a uniform concentration by extruding softened raw material and burning the emerging filament or by igniting fragments of the formulations in a convective air flow. Aeorsol particle sizes were found to be within the respirable range, varying from 0.4 to 1.0 micrometers depending upon generation conditions and aerosol age at collection. Chemically, both RPBR and WPF aerosols were found to be very similar, composed primarily of water and phosphoric acids. Organic compounds and inorganic gases were detected only at trace levels. 11 references, 15 figures, 11 tables.

  16. Chemical effect of entrained particles in coal conversion streams. Sixth quarterly technical progress report, November 1, 1982-January 31, 1983

    SciTech Connect

    Stinespring, C.; Yousefian, V.; Gruninger, J.; Annen, K.; Frankel, D.; Stewart, G.

    1983-01-01

    A major objective of the US Department of Energy is to increase coal utilization through the development of combustion stream cleanup technologies. Many of the existing cleanup devices as well as advanced concepts rely on heterogeneous processes (i.e., gas-solid interactions) to achieve efficient stream removal. Examples of such devices include particle injection and granular bed filters for alkali removal, limestone injection for SO/sub x/ removal in fluid bed combustors, dry injection for SO/sub x/removal in entrained combustion, and trace metal adsorption and removal on fly ash. Recent studies indicate that the successful use of turbines in combined cycle processes may depend on understanding the interaction between the gas phase alkali and particles in the combustion stream to substantially reduce turbine corrosion. This report documents progress in efforts to model the heterogeneous chemistry of coal combustion streams as well as laboratory studies to obtain critical input data for the report. 5 references, 15 figures.

  17. Phase-sensitive flow cytometer

    DOEpatents

    Steinkamp, J.A.

    1993-12-14

    A phase-sensitive flow cytometer (FCM) provides additional FCM capability to use the fluorescence lifetime of one or more fluorochromes bound to single cells to provide additional information regarding the cells. The resulting fluorescence emission can be resolved into individual fluorescence signals if two fluorochromes are present or can be converted directly to a decay lifetime from a single fluorochrome. The excitation light for the fluorochromes is modulated to produce an amplitude modulated fluorescence pulse as the fluorochrome is excited in the FCM. The modulation signal also forms a reference signal that is phase-shifted a selected amount for subsequent mixing with the output modulated fluorescence intensity signal in phase-sensitive detection circuitry. The output from the phase-sensitive circuitry is then an individual resolved fluorochrome signal or a single fluorochrome decay lifetime, depending on the applied phase shifts. 15 figures.

  18. Investigation of Boundary-Layer Transition on Smooth Hemispherical Bodies

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-11-17

    was 0° . The sounding rocket propelling the test item had an M6 "Honest John" first stage motor, with an M5 "Nike’’ upper stage. 10 0 TC1 5 c TC2...Unclassifierl Unclassified 10 0 TC1 5 0 TC2 0 TC3 1::. TC4 v TC5 0 TC6 I> TC7 * TC8 + TC9 • TC10 -5 X TC11 I * TC12 - 10 0 5 10 15 Figure 2...5 of 18 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics U nclassilierl nclassified 101 0 TC1 5 0 TC2 ¢ TC3 /;. TC4 v TC5 0 TC6 t> TC7

  19. Measurements of uranium mill tailings consolidation characteristics

    SciTech Connect

    Fayer, M J

    1985-02-01

    A series of experiments were conducted on uranium mill tailings from the tailings pile in Grand Junction, Colorado, to determine their consolidation characteristics. Three materials (sand, sand/slimes mix, slimes) were loaded under saturated conditions to determine their saturated consolidated behavior. During a separate experiment, samples of the slimes material were kept under a constant load while the pore pressure was increased to determine the partially saturated consolidation behavior. Results of the saturated tests compared well with published data. Sand consolidated the least, while slimes consolidated the most. As each material consolidated, the measured hydraulic conductivity decreased in a linear fashion with respect to the void ratio. Partially saturated experiments with the slimes indicated that there was little consolidation as the pore pressure was increased progressively above 7 kPa. The small amount of consolidation that did occur was only a fraction of the amount of saturated consolidation. Preliminary measurements between pore pressures of 0 and 7 kPa indicated that measurable consolidation could occur in this range of pore pressure, but only if there was no load. 13 references, 13 figures.

  20. A hydrophobic hole transporting system to improve moisture stability of perovskite solar cells (Conference Presentation)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiao, Lixin

    2016-09-01

    Non-ion additive hole-transporting material (HTM) of hydrophobic oligothiophene derivative named DR3TBDTT and triphenylamine derivative of N,N'-di(3-methylphenyl)-N,N-diphenyl-4,4-diaminobiphenyl (TPD) were used for the organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) was comparable to the device using Li-TFSI doped spiro-MeOTAD. Moreover, the PCE decreases by only 10% after approximately 1000 h without encapsulation, which suggests an alternative method to improve the stability of perovskite solar cells[1-3 ]. Figure 1. Schematic illustration of the energy diagram of the device without lithium salts REFERENCES [1] Zheng, L.; Ma, Y.; Chu, S.; Wang, S.; Qu, B.; Xiao, L.; Chen, Z.;Gong, Q.; Wu, Z.; Hou, X. Nanoscale 6, 8171-8176 (2014). [2] Zheng Lingling, Chung Yao-Hsien, Ma Yingzhuang, Zhang Lipei, Xiao Lixin, Chen Zhijian, Wang Shufeng, Qu Bo and Gong Qihuang, Chem. Commun. 50, 11196-11199 (2014). [3] Ma Yingzhuang, Chung Yao-Hsien, Zheng Lingling, Zhang Danfei, Yu Xiao, Xiao Lixin, Chen Zhijian, Wang Shufeng, Qu Bo, Gong Qihuang, and Zou Dechun, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7 (12), 6406-6411 (2015)

  1. Subterranean stress engineering experiments

    SciTech Connect

    Campbell, J.R.; Colgate, S.A.; Wheat, B.M.

    1980-01-01

    The state of stress in a subterranean rock mass has classically been assumed to be constant at best. In soil with a high clay content, preconsolidation and drainage methods can lead to more stable foundation material, but methods for engineering the stresses in large masses of rock are not well known. This paper shows the results from an experiment designed to alter the in situ rock stress field in an oil shale mine. This was done by hydrofracturing the rock by use of a packed-well injection system and then propping the crack open with a thixotropic gel, which slowly hardened to the consistency of cement. Successive hydrofracture and high-pressure grouting resulted in an overstressed region. Well-head injection pressures, surface tilts, injection rates, and subterranean strains were measured and recorded on floppy disk by a Z-80 microprocessor. The results were then transmitted to the large computer system at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL). To put the data in a more useful form, computer-generated movies of the tilts and strains were made by use of computer graphics developed at LASL. The purpose of this paper is to present results from the Single Large Instrumented Test conducted in the Colony Oil Shale Mine near Rifle, Colorado. 13 figures.

  2. Modeling of strongly heat-driven flow in partially saturated fractured porous media

    SciTech Connect

    Pruess, K.; Tsang, Y.W.; Wang, J.S.Y.

    1984-10-01

    We have performed modeling studies on the simultaneous transport of heat, liquid water, vapor, and air in partially saturated fractured porous media, with particular emphasis on strongly heat-driven flow. The presence of fractures makes the transport problem very complex, both in terms of flow geometry and physics. The numerical simulator used for our flow calculations takes into account most of the physical effects which are important in multi-phase fluid and heat flow. It has provisions to handle the extreme non-linearities which arise in phase transitions, component disappearances, and capillary discontinuities at fracture faces. We model a region around an infinite linear string of nuclear waste canisters, taking into account both the discrete fractures and the porous matrix. From an analysis of the results obtained with explicit fractures, we develop equivalent continuum models which can reproduce the temperature, saturation, and pressure variation, and gas and liquid flow rates of the discrete fracture-porous matrix calculations. The equivalent continuum approach makes use of a generalized relative permeability concept to take into account for fracture effects. This results in a substantial simplification of the flow problem which makes larger scale modeling of complicated unsaturated fractured porous systems feasible. Potential applications for regional scale simulations and limitations of the continuum approach are discussed. 27 references, 13 figures, 2 tables.

  3. Handbook on surficial uranium deposits. Chapter 3. World distribution relative to climate and physical setting

    SciTech Connect

    Carlisle, D

    1983-01-01

    This chapter discusses regional controls which affect the world distribution of surficial chemogenic uranium deposits. The most important of these are (1) climate, (2) geomorphology, including physiographic and climatic stability, and (3) provenance, i.e., the weathering terrain from which uranium and associated substances are derived. The three economically important environments are the calcrete environment, simple evaporative environments and paludal environments. Of these three categories, the calcrete uranium environment is probably the most uniquely constrained in terms of regional climate, geomorphic setting, provenance (vanadium as well as uranium) and especially the need for long term stability of both climate and physiography. Purely evaporative deposits, though subject to some of the same kinds of constraints, can also reflect local circumstances and a wider range of climates, physiographic settings, and source terrains. The third category encompassing bogs, marshes and organic-rich playas can form under an even wider range of climates and settings provided only that organic materials accumulate in abundance and are contacted by uranium-bearing waters. For all of these reasons and also because of the great economic importance of the calcrete environment as well as its relative novelty and complexity the discussion in this chapter is focused on calcrete, dolocrete and gypcrete uranium deposits. Objective data are reviewed first follwed by inferences and suggestions. 13 figures.

  4. Glucagon-, glicentin-, and pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreativities in rectal carcinoids and related colorectal cells.

    PubMed Central

    Fiocca, R.; Capella, C.; Buffa, R.; Fontana, R.; Solcia, E.; Hage, E.; Chance, R. E.; Moody, A. J.

    1980-01-01

    Three nonargentaffin rectal carcinoids have been investigated immunohistochemically. In one case most tumor cells reacted with antiglucagon sera as well as with antiglicentin, antibovine pancreatic polypeptide (BPP), and antihuman pancreatic polypeptide (HPP) sera; they were identified ultrastructurally as L cells. Another case showed glucagon-, glicentin-, and BPP-immunoreactive cells but lacked HPP immunoreactivity. In the third case glucagon- and glicentin-immunoreactive cells were well represented, while PP immunoreactivities were scarce. Parallel investigations of human rectal and sigmoid mucosa showed numerous cells reacting with glucagon, glicentin, and BPP antisera, most of which lacked HPP immunoreactivity. Cells reacting with glucagon and glicentin antisera, while lacking PP immunoreactivities, were also found. Thus, both tumor and nontumor cells produce glucagonlike immunoreactive (GLI) peptides--one of which may be glicentin or a related molecule--as well as PP-related sequences, although differing histochemically and ultrastructurally from glucagon or PP cells of the human pancreas. It is concluded that nonargentaffin rectal carcinoids are histogenetically linked to nonargentaffin endocrine cells of the human rectum. Images p[92]-a Figures 1-3 Figure 4 Figure 5 PMID:7395969

  5. Chemically induced bidirectional differentiation of embryonal carcinoma cells in vitro.

    PubMed Central

    Speers, W. C.; Birdwell, C. R.; Dixon, F. J.

    1979-01-01

    N,N-dimethylacetamide, hexamethylene bisacetamide, and Polybrene induced rapid and extensive differentiation in vitro in an otherwise slowly differentiating subline of embryonal carcinoma cells. The type of differentiated cell induced was dependent on the spatial organization of the stem cells during drug treatment. In monalayer culture "epithelial" cells were produced exclusively. However, treatment of aggregated suspension cultures yielded predominantly "fibroblast-like" cells. The undifferentiated embryonal carcinoma cells and the two differentiated cell types were morphologically distinct when examined by light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy; and they had differences in cell surface antigens. Both differential cell types produced large amounts of fibronectin, whereas the embryonal carcinoma cells produced only minimal amounts. This system provides a convenient way to induce relatively synchronous differentiation of embryonal carcinoma cells into specific differentiated cell types. Images Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 PMID:507191

  6. Regional setting of Niobrara Formation in Northern Great Plains

    SciTech Connect

    Shurr, G.W.

    1984-05-01

    Natural gas is currently produced from the Upper Cretaceous Niobrara Formation in northeastern Colorado, northwestern Kansas, and several small fields in Nebraska. As a part of studies of low-permeability gas reservoirs in the northern Great Plains, the regional geologic setting of the Niobrara has been investigated in North Dakota, South Dakota, and Nebraska. Structural contours of the Ardmore Bentonite Bed suggest that the area of thin Niobrara strata presently approximates the south flank of the Williston basin and north flank of the Denver and Kennedy basins. Chalk tongues are interpreted as low-angle shelf surfaces, known as carbonate ramps, which sloped gently to the northwest and southeast off a paleotectonic high. The paleotectonic high cut obliquely across the seaway and was close to the position of the Transcontinental arch that influenced Paleozoic sedimentation. As a result, the present-day stratigraphy and structural setting of the Niobrara are different north and south of the arch crest. 58 references, 13 figures, 1 table.

  7. Configurational testing of electron beam ionization for coal fly ash precipitators. Quarterly report No. 2, November 5, 1983-February 4, 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Davis, R.H.

    1984-01-01

    The energy-geometry matching condition reported in Quarterly Report No. 1 has been incorporated in the design of a Mark II precharger and construction is underway. By matching the energy and geometry, monopolar charging is assured by providing a charging zone outside the ionization zone. Particle charges greater than the Pauthenier limit were observed using a bi-electrode geometry. Either or both free electron charging or space-charge enhancement of the electric field may be responsible for the increase in charge above the theoretical limit for the average electric field. A separate experiment on free electron charging proceeded during this quarter and the progress is reported. To date the exhaustive experiments on resistance modification by simple electron beam irradiation have not provided evidence to support practical utilization. However, preliminary experiments do suggest that the presence of small amounts of SO/sub 2/ and the subsequent conversion of SO/sub 2/ by electron beam treatment may conductively coat high resistivity fly ash particles with a resultant reduction in resistivity. The status of the laboratory precipitator test system is reported along with the preparations for tests of the new Mark II precharger module. During this quarter a patent disclosure on a device to enhance radiation dose was submitted to the US Department of Energy. 13 figures.

  8. Inhaled particles in human disease and animal models: use of electron beam instrumentation.

    PubMed Central

    Brody, A R

    1984-01-01

    The mineral pneumoconioses (lung disease caused by inhalation of inorganic dust) have been an important disease entity for centuries. In the last several decades, the electron microscope has been used to elucidate the distribution and identification of inhaled minerals, to aid in establishing etiologic factors, and less commonly, to determine the basic biologic mechanisms through which inhaled minerals cause lung disease. In this section, I review the instrumentation and tissue preparation currently used to address some modern problems in particle-induced lung disease. For example, human pneumoconioses of undetermined etiology can be clarified by electron microscopy and X-ray energy spectrometry. In addition, the initial deposition patterns of asbestos and silica are demonstrated in animal models, and the contributions of electron microscopy in establishing the initial lesions of asbestosis are described. Images FIGURE 1. FIGURE 2. FIGURE 3. FIGURE 4. FIGURE 5. FIGURE 6. FIGURE 7. FIGURE 8. FIGURE 9. FIGURE 9. FIGURE 10. FIGURE 11. FIGURE 12. FIGURE 13. FIGURE 14. PMID:6090114

  9. Overview of the oxidation and scavenging characteristics of April rains (OSCAR) experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Easter, R.C.; Dana, M.T.; Thorp, J.M.; Busness, K.M.; Hales, J.M.; Raynor, G.S.; Benkovitz, C.M.; Tanner, R.L.; Shannon, J.D.

    1984-04-01

    The OSCAR (Oxidation and Scavenging Characteristics of April Rains) field experiment was conducted in April, 1981, as part of the MAP3S/RAINE program. The OSCAR study was designed to provide detailed characterizations of the physicochemical and dynamical features of selected cyclonic storm systems as they traversed the eastern U.S. Major experiment components included sequential precipitation chemistry measurements, aircraft measurements both in cloud and in clear air in storm inflow regions, surface-level air chemistry measurements, and supporting meteorological measurements. The precipitation chemisty network consisted of an intermediate-density network with 37 sampling sites covering the region from southern Ontario to Tennessee and from Illinois to New Hampshire, and a high-density network with 47 sampling sites located in a 100 by 100 km area in northeast Indiana. A total of four storm events were studied during the experiment. The report describes the design and operational aspects for the high-density and intermediate-density components of the experiment, and the composition of the integrated OSCAR data set which has been developed. A synoptic meteorological description of the four storm events studied during OSCAR is also provided. 17 references, 13 figures, 8 tables.

  10. A hybrid biology course: Implications of merging Internet-enhanced and campus-based instructional modes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Clark, Sharron Ann

    This is possibly the first study of a hybrid online biology course where WebCT internet-enhanced modes of instruction replaced conventional face-to-face (F2F) lecture materials, merging with collaborative inquiry-based on-campus laboratory instructional modes. Although not a true experiment, the design of this study included three independent cohorts, a pretest and three posttests, as described by Gay and Airasian (2000). This study reported differences in age, gender, number of prior online courses and pretest scores. Over time, persistence, achievement and computer self-efficacy differed in one hybrid online section (N = 31) and two F2F cohorts (N = 29 and 30). One F2F cohort used written test materials and the other used intranet-delivered materials to examine possible differences in groups using electronic assessment modes. In this study, community college students self-selecting into online hybrid and traditional versions of the same biology course did not have the same number of prior online courses, achievement or persistence rates as those self-selecting into F2F sections of the same course with the same laboratories and instructor. This study includes twenty pretest items selected from Instructor's Manual and Test Item File to Accompany: Inquiry into Life, 9th Edition (Schrock, 2000). This study produced 63 tables, 13 figures and 173 references.

  11. [Validity and Reliability of Two Silhouette Scales to Asses the Body Image in Adolescent Students].

    PubMed

    Rueda-Jaimes, Germán Eduardo; López, Paul Anthony Camacho; Flórez, Silvia Milena; Martínez-Villalba, Andrés Mauricio Rangel

    2012-03-01

    To determine the validity and reliability of the 13-figure images scale (13-CS) and Standard Figural Stimuli (SFS) for the evaluation of body images in adolescent students from Bucaramanga. A probabilistic sample with 189 students was evaluated with the two scales. Two weeks later, the valuation together with the size, weight, percentage of body fat, SCOFF questionnaire and Rosenberg self-esteem valuation was repeated. The average age was 14.1 years; 62.7% were women. The correlation of the 13-CS and SFS with body fat index, weight and body fat percentage was 0.61, 0.74, 0.40 and 0.72, 0.55, 0.45 respectively. The correlation of dissatisfaction with body image according to the SCOFF and the Rosenberg scales was 0.43 and 0.26 with the 13-CS; 0.50 and -0.23 with the SFS. The reproducibility shows that perceived and ideal figure was 0.93 and 0.90 with the 13-CS; and 0.85 and 0.78 with the SFS. the concurrent validity of both scales was good. The reproducibility of the 13-CS was excellent while the SFS was good. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  12. Experimental modeling of role of gravity and lateral shortening in Zagros mountain belt

    SciTech Connect

    Koyi, H.

    1988-11-01

    Dynamically scaled analogs of the geologic structures of the Zagros mountain belt are used to argue that different parts of the Zagros Mountains of Iran record different combinations of the effects of a gravity-driven overturn and a southwest-northeast lateral shortening superimposed on the Zagros overturn. Partially scaled material models have been used to simulate the Zagros geodynamics, which involve layer-parallel compression of a 6 to 7 km-thick Phanerozoic carbonate cover containing a pattern of preshortening diapirs. The folds in the Zagros form rapidly (1.5 mm/yr in a 20 to 30 km-wide zone), reactivate some of the preshortening diapirs, and generate new synshortening listric diapirs. A third set of postshortening diapirs rises from the Hormuz decollement behind the fold-thrust front. Model buckle folds superimposed on diapirs or pillows tend to avoid and curve around preshortening diapirs, which flatten in the synclines. Model profiles show that lateral shortening induces residual salt at depth to flow toward and rise through the anticlinal cores as synshortening or postshortening diapirs. The author suggests that any salt pillows in currently diapir-free zones of the Zagros fold-thrust belt may surface as diapirs through the anticlines in the future. 13 figures, 4 tables.

  13. Focus control system for stretched-membrane mirror module

    DOEpatents

    Butler, B.L.; Beninga, K.J.

    1991-05-21

    A focus control system dynamically sets and controls the focal length of a reflective membrane supported between a perimeter frame. A rear membrane is also supported between the perimeter frame rearward and spaced apart from a back side of the reflective membrane. The space between the membranes defines a plenum space into which a mass of gas at a first pressure is inserted. The pressure differential between the first pressure and an external pressure, such as the atmospheric pressure, causes the reflective membrane to assume a first curvature relative to a reference plane associated with the perimeter frame. This curvature defines the focal length of the reflective membrane. The focal length is dynamically controlled by changing the volume of the plenum space, thereby changing the first pressure. The system can be used to change or maintain the pressure differential and hence the front membrane curvature. The plenum volume is changed by pushing or pulling on a central section of the rear membrane using a suitable actuator. Sensing means continuously sense the location of the reflective membrane relative to the reference plane. This sensed position is compared to a reference position, and a resulting error signal, comprising the difference between the sensed position and reference position, drives the actuator in a direction to minimize the difference. A vent value compensates for temperature changes or leaks in the closed volume by allowing the pressure differential to be adjusted as required to center the working range of the actuator about the desired focal length. 13 figures.

  14. Kinetics and advanced digester design for anaerobic digestion of water hyacinth and primary sludge

    SciTech Connect

    Chynoweth, D.P.; Dolenc, D.A.; Ghosh, S.; Henry, M.P.; Jerger, D.E.; Srivastava, V.J.

    1982-01-01

    A research program centered around a facility located at Walt Disney World (WDW) is in progress to evaluate the use of water hyacinth (WH) for secondary and tertiary wastewater treatment, to optimize growth of WH under these conditions, and to convert the resultant primary sludge (PS) and WH to methane via anaerobic digestion. This article describes the status of the biogasification component of this program, which includes baseline and advanced digestion experiments with individual feeds and blends and the design of an experimental test unit (ETU) to be installed at WDW. Experiments with several blends demonstrated that methane yields can be predicted from the fractional content and methane yield of each component. The process was found to adhere to the Monod kinetic model for microbial growth, and associated kinetic parameters were developed for various feed combinations. A novel upflow digester is achieving significantly higher conversion than a stirred-tank digester. Of several pretreatment techniques used, only alkaline treatment resulted in increased biodegradability. A larger scale (4.5 m/sup 3/) experimental test unit is being designed for installation at WDW in 1982. 13 figures, 4 tables.

  15. Immunoreactivity of anti-streptococcal monoclonal antibodies to human heart valves. Evidence for multiple cross-reactive epitopes.

    PubMed Central

    Gulizia, J. M.; Cunningham, M. W.; McManus, B. M.

    1991-01-01

    Association of group A streptococci with acute rheumatic fever and valvular heart disease is well established; however the basis of valve injury remains unclear. In this study, anti-streptococcal monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) cross-reactive with myocardium were reacted with sections from 22 rheumatic valves, nine normal, five endocarditic, one 'floppy,' and one Marfan valve. In immunohistochemical studies, MAb reactivity was observed with cardiac myocytes, smooth muscle cells, cell surface and cytoplasm of endothelial cells lining valves, and valvular interstitial cells. Endothelial basement membrane and elastin fibrils reacted with the MAbs, whereas collagen was unreactive. Similar reactivity was seen with sera from acute rheumatic fever patients. The anti-streptococcal MAbs reacted with intravalvular myosin and vimentin in Western blots, and purified elastin competitively inhibited the binding of the anti-streptococcal MAbs to whole group A streptococci. The data show that human heart valves have numerous sites of immunoreactivity with anti-streptococcal MAbs and acute rheumatic fever sera of potential importance in the pathogenesis of rheumatic valvular injury. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 PMID:1704188

  16. Carbon-bonded carbon fiber insulation for radioisotope space power systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wei, G.C.; Robbins, J.M.

    1985-05-01

    A carbon-bonded carbon fiber (CBCF) insulation developed for a radioisotope heat source is made from chopped rayon fiber about 10 ..mu..m in diameter and 250 ..mu..m long, which is carbonized and bonded with phenolic resin particles. The CBCF is an excellent lightweight insulating material with a nominal density of 0.2 Mg/m/sup 3/ and a thermal conductivity of 0.24 W/(m-K) in vacuum at 2000/sup 0/C. Several attributes that make CBCF particularly suitable for the heat source application have been identified. These include light weight, low thermal conductivity, chemical compatibility, and high-temperature capabilities. The mechanical strength of CBCF insulation is satisfactory for the application. The basic fabrication technique was refined to eliminate undesirable large pores and cracks often present in materials fabricated by earlier techniques. Also, processing was scaled up to increase the fabrication rate by a factor of 10. The specific properties of the CBCF were tailored by adjusting material and processing variables to obtain the desired results. 22 references, 13 figures, 4 tables.

  17. Platelet interaction with bacteria. V. Ultrastructure of congenital afibrinogenemic platelets.

    PubMed Central

    Clawson, C. C.; White, J. G.

    1980-01-01

    Platelets from a patient with congenital afibrinogenemia (CA) were tested in their native plasma for reactivity in vitro to Staphylococcus aureus 502A. Previous studies of the interactions between normal human platelets and this organism have shown rapid irreversible aggregation responses in which the bacteria were regularly trapped between aggregating platelets. Engulfment of microbes by single normal platelets in a process akin to phagocytosis was a very rare occurrence. In contrast, CA platelets showed a delayed aggregation response to contact with this microorganism. The CA platelets were also much more sensitive to the concentration of bacteria than were normal platelets. Electron microscopy showed that individual CA platelets often engulfed the stimulatory organism rather than participating in aggregation. Postfixation staining with a colloidal tracer, lanthanum nitrate, indicated that the bacteria were sequestered in the open canalicular system of the CA platelets in a manner analogous to that previously observed with latex particles. Restoration of normal levels of human fibrinogen to the CA platelet-rich plasma corrected the delay in aggregation but did not eliminate the frequent engulfment of bacteria by the CA platelets. These findings indicate that fibrinogen is an important, although not essential, cofactor in the response of human platelets to contact with this common bacterial pathogen. Images p[209]-a Figures 6 and 7 Figures 8 and 9 Figures 10 and 11 Figures 12 and 13 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 PMID:7350814

  18. Pancreas transplantation. An immunohistologic and histopathologic examination of 100 grafts.

    PubMed Central

    Sibley, R. K.; Sutherland, D. E.

    1987-01-01

    The authors examined tissues obtained by biopsy, pancreatectomy, and autopsy from 100 pancreas grafts to determine the cause of dysfunction or failure of the graft. Immunohistologic examination of 42 tissues to determine the mononuclear cell phenotypes and Class I and II antigen expression was performed as well. Technical factors--infections, thrombosis, obstruction--accounted for a large number of graft losses, but immunologic-mediated mechanisms resulted in graft dysfunction and failure as well. Pleomorphic inflammatory infiltrates were present in grafts with acute rejection, as well as Silastic and Prolamine duct-obstructed grafts. Criteria useful in the identification of acute rejection from pancreatitis included a more intense, predominantly mononuclear cell infiltration of transformed lymphocytes in the exocrine pancreas and evidence of vascular rejection--endovasculitis or fibrinoid necrosis. Increased expression and/or induction of Class I and II antigens on pancreatic constituents occurred in grafts with evidence of acute rejection, but also with Silastic and prolamine duct-obstructed pancreatitis. An isletitis occurred in 25% of the grafts. Nine of the 25 grafts (36%) with isletitis also had selective loss of beta cells from the islets. Recurrent diabetes mellitus appeared to have developed in these cases, which accounted for loss of graft function. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 Figure 11 Figure 12 Figure 13 Figure 14 PMID:3037911

  19. Battery shipment review and five-year forecast

    SciTech Connect

    Amistadi, R.L.

    1988-01-01

    Ownership of vehicles grew at 2-3% annually in the US in the 80's to approx. 160 million cars and trucks in 1986; this is the first factor affecting battery usage and replacement. The other major factor positively influencing replacement battery shipments has been the greying of the car fleet. The average age of a car in the US has gone from 4.8 years in 1970 to 6.8 years in 1985. The result of this has been that replacement battery shipments have continued to grow at the expense of original equipment. The rate at which the car fleet is aging will definitely slow down in the next several years but it does not appear that this trend will be reversed in the near future. Another factor, battery service life could not be assessed easily, but appears to be at least on year less than in Japan and western Europe. Other assessments include battery weight trends, motive power cells, golf cart batteries, marine batteries, and general utility batteries. The author forecasted 59.7 million units being shipped in 1987, then growing rapidly to approx. 64.5 million units by 1991. 13 figures, 1 table.

  20. HHF35, a muscle actin-specific monoclonal antibody. II. Reactivity in normal, reactive, and neoplastic human tissues.

    PubMed Central

    Tsukada, T.; McNutt, M. A.; Ross, R.; Gown, A. M.

    1987-01-01

    Monoclonal antibody HHF35 has previously been characterized biochemically as recognizing isotypes of actin (alpha and gamma) which are specific to muscle cells. In this study, the authors have investigated the normal and pathologic tissue distribution of HHF35-positive cells using the avidin-biotin immunoperoxidase method on methacarn-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of human tissue. In addition to muscle tissues (smooth, skeletal, and cardiac) the antibody localizes to myoepithelium, as well as most of the capsular cells of several parenchymal organs, including liver, kidney, and spleen, with extension of the latter cells into the splenic trabeculaes. In pathologic tissues, the antibody localizes to cells, identified by some investigators as "myofibroblasts," in the stroma of certain tumors, within hyperplastic fibrous tissue responses ("fibromatoses") such as Dupuytren's contracture, and within fibrotic lung tissue. HHF35 also localizes to cells that proliferate within the intima in lesions of atherosclerosis and to a unique population of reactive mesothelial and submesothelial cells. Among tumors, it is positive only on leiomyomas, leiomyosarcomas, and rhabdomyosarcomas, and negative on all nonmuscle sarcomas. This antibody thus shows great potential utility as a diagnostic reagent in various pathologic conditions, most especially in the diagnosis of tumors of muscle origin. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 p392-a Figure 5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 p397-a p398-a Figure 13 Figure 14 PMID:3555106

  1. Accretion of the south Florida platform, late Quaternary development

    SciTech Connect

    Holmes, C.W.

    1985-02-01

    Stratigraphic information from high-resolution seismic data obtained across the southwest Florida platform indicates that the modern shelf is a constructional platform with Pliocene(.)-Pleistocene and Holocene sediments resting on an eroded karstic Miocene platform. The Miocene surface dips away from the coastline with significant breaks in slope occurring at the center of the shelf and at the shelf edge. At the southwest corner of the platform, this surface crops out to form a terrace. This terrace lies along the west-facing continental slope of the Florida shelf and is progressively buried to the south by younger deposits - reefs and sediment - so that it has no surface expression in the Florida Straits. A paired reef complex rests on the thickest post-Miocene sediments that mark the edge of the modern shelf. The deepest reef forms a well-developed escarpment with its crest buried by approximately 15 m (50 ft) of sediment. The shallower reef is a low swale over most of its extent but developed into a large reef-spit complex (Howell Hook) in the central part of the study area. Within the Pliocene-Pleistocene and Holocene sediments, two stratigraphic units can be delineated: (1) a lower progradational unit of Pliocene-Pleistocene(.) age that can be traced under the shelf-edge reef and continuously onlaps the Miocene(.) surface, and (2) an upper unit of late Pleistocene-Holocene age which is composed of reef and pelagic sediment. 14 figures.

  2. Prenatal development of the adrenal gland in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius).

    PubMed

    El-Nahla, S M; Imam, H M; Moussa, E A; Elsayed, A K; Abbott, L C

    2011-06-01

    With 14 figures and 3 tables Each adrenal gland consisted of cortex and medulla that developed from different embryological origins and presented different cellular organization. One hundred male or female camel embryos or fetuses with crown vertebral rump lengths (CVRL) that ranged from 0.8 to 117 cm were examined. The adrenal cortex, which is derived from intermediate mesoderm, was first observed in the 0.8-cm CVRL camel embryo. The adrenal cortex initially was combined with the gonad as a thickened region of proliferating cells derived from splanchnic intermediate mesoderm. Adrenocortical tissue was first separated from the gonadal tissue in the 2-cm CVRL camel fetus and was observed as a separate dorso-medial mass of cells. At 2.5-cm CVRL, the adrenocortical tissue was surrounded by a capsule of undifferentiated mesenchymal cells, except at its proximal pole, where an invagination was located through which chromaffinoblast cells entered the cortex. The chromaffinoblast cells migrated from the neural crest to form the medulla of the developing adrenal gland. In the 3.5-cm CVRL camel fetus, the adrenocortical cells differentiated into two layers: the inner fetal cortex and the outer definitive cortex. As development proceeded, the fetal cortex degenerated and the definitive cortex formed the zona glomerulosa and zona fasciculata. The zona reticularis did not form until the end of gestation. During prenatal life, the adrenal medulla was much thicker than the cortex. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  3. Measurements of heavy quark and lepton lifetimes

    SciTech Connect

    Jaros, J.A.

    1985-02-01

    The PEP/PETRA energy range has proved to be well-suited for the study of the lifetimes of hadrons containing the b and c quarks and the tau lepton for several reasons. First, these states comprise a large fraction of the total interaction rate in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation and can be cleanly identified. Second, the storage rings have operated at high luminosity and so produced these exotic states copiously. And finally, thanks to the interplay of the Fermi coupling strength, the quark and lepton masses, and the beam energy, the expected decay lengths are in the 1/2 mm range and so are comparatively easy to measure. This pleasant coincidence of cleanly identified and abundant signal with potentially large effects has made possible the first measurements of two fundamental weak couplings, tau ..-->.. nu/sub tau/W and b ..-->.. cW. These measurements have provided a sharp test of the standard model and allowed, for the first time, the full determination of the magnitudes of the quark mixing matrix. This paper reviews the lifetime studies made at PEP during the past year. It begins with a brief review of the three detectors, DELCO, MAC and MARK II, which have reported lifetime measurements. Next it discusses two new measurements of the tau lifetime, and briefly reviews a measurement of the D/sup 0/ lifetime. Finally, it turns to measurements of the B lifetime, which are discussed in some detail. 18 references, 14 figures, 1 table.

  4. MESOI Version 2. 0: an interactive mesoscale Lagrangian puff dispersion model with deposition and decay

    SciTech Connect

    Ramsdell, J.V.; Athey, G.F.; Glantz, C.S.

    1983-11-01

    MESOI Version 2.0 is an interactive Lagrangian puff model for estimating the transport, diffusion, deposition and decay of effluents released to the atmosphere. The model is capable of treating simultaneous releases from as many as four release points, which may be elevated or at ground-level. The puffs are advected by a horizontal wind field that is defined in three dimensions. The wind field may be adjusted for expected topographic effects. The concentration distribution within the puffs is initially assumed to be Gaussian in the horizontal and vertical. However, the vertical concentration distribution is modified by assuming reflection at the ground and the top of the atmospheric mixing layer. Material is deposited on the surface using a source depletion, dry deposition model and a washout coefficient model. The model also treats the decay of a primary effluent species and the ingrowth and decay of a single daughter species using a first order decay process. This report is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the theoretical and mathematical bases upon which MESOI Version 2.0 is based. The second part contains the MESOI computer code. The programs were written in the ANSI standard FORTRAN 77 and were developed on a VAX 11/780 computer. 43 references, 14 figures, 13 tables.

  5. Coping with changing risks in utility capital investments

    SciTech Connect

    Geraghty, D.M.

    1984-03-01

    The debate on the efficacy of different types of electric utility investments over the last decade has been fragmentary. There have been advocates of least-cost strategies, improved regulatory techniques, ''small'' versus ''big'' technologies, politically satisfying investments, maximizing long-run benefits, and so on. In addition, many contributors to the debate have pointed out that uncertainty or risk is pervasive throughout all of the investment alternatives and that the proper accounting for risk in investment decision making is crucial. All these positions have merits in their own right but very little has been done to integrate all the pieces of the debate. This article proposes that meaningful analyses and choices between investment decisions cannot be accomplished unless one considers some key characteristics of each investment simultaneously. The first half discusses the importance of some of these key characteristics of utility investments and presents some results of recent analyses. The second half concentrates on one specific characteristic, risk, and suggests ways to manage it for different types of investments. 13 references, 14 figures, 3 tables.

  6. Idaho Field Experiment 1981. Volume 1. Experimental design and measurement systems

    SciTech Connect

    Start, G E; Cate, J H; Dickson, C R; Sagendorf, J F; Ackermann, G R

    1983-10-01

    The Idaho Field Experiment is reported in three volumes and supplemented by special contractor reports. Volume I describes the design and goals of the measurement program and the measurement systems utilized during the field program. The measurement systems layouts are described as well. The 1981 Idaho Field Experiment was conducted in South East Idaho over the Upper Snake River Plain. Nine test-day case studies were measured between July 15 and 30, 1981. Eight-hour releases of SF/sub 6/ gaseous tracer were made from 46 m above ground. Tracer was sampled hourly, for 12 sequential hours, at about 100 locations within an area 24 km square. Also, a single total integrated sample, of about 30 hours duration, was collected at approximately 100 sites within an area 48 by 72 km (using 6 km spacings). Extensive tower profiles of meteorology at the release point were collected. RAWINSONDES, RABALS and PIBALS were collected at 3 to 5 sites. Horizontal, low-altitude winds were monitored using the INEL MESONET. SF/sub 6/ tracer plumes were marked with co-located oil fog releases and bi-hourly sequential launches of tetroon pairs. Aerial LIDAR observations of the oil fog plume and airborne samples of SF/sub 6/ were collected. High-altitude aerial photographs of daytime plumes were also collected. 10 references, 14 figures, 5 tables.

  7. Two Outbreaks of Trichinellosis Linked to Consumption of Walrus Meat - Alaska, 2016-2017.

    PubMed

    Springer, Yuri P; Casillas, Shannon; Helfrich, Kathryn; Mocan, Deanna; Smith, Marscleite; Arriaga, Gabriela; Mixson, Lyndsey; Castrodale, Louisa; McLaughlin, Joseph

    2017-07-07

    During 1975-2012, CDC surveillance identified 1,680 trichinellosis cases in the United States with implicated food items; among these cases, 1,219 were attributed to consumption of raw or pork products, and 461 were attributed to nonpork products. Although trichinellosis in the United States has historically been associated with consumption of pork, multiple nonporcine species of wild game also are competent hosts for Trichinella spp. and have been collectively implicated in the majority of trichinellosis cases since the late 1990s (1-4) (Figure 1). During July 2016-May 2017, the Alaska Division of Public Health (ADPH) investigated two outbreaks of trichinellosis in the Norton Sound region associated with consumption of raw or undercooked walrus (Odobenus rosmarus) meat; five cases were identified in each of the two outbreaks. These were the first multiple-case outbreaks of walrus-associated trichinellosis in Alaska since 1992 (Figure 2). Health care providers should inquire about consumption of commercially prepared and personally harvested meats when evaluating suspected trichinellosis cases, especially in areas where consumption of wild game is commonplace.

  8. Recovery of metal oxides from fly ash. Volume 3. Commercial facility design criteria. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Wilder, R.F.; Barrett, P.J.; Henslee, L.W. Jr.

    1984-06-01

    An engineering, cost and financial evaluation study was carried out for a conceptual commercial plant to process fly ash into marketable metal oxides by the direct HCl acid leach process. The proposed plant site was adjacent to the TVA Kingston, Tennessee power plant and was sized to process 1 million tons of ash (dry basis) per year. The capital cost requirements for the HCl direct acid leach (DAL) optimized process plant were estimated to be $244,390,000. Based upon the reported Kingston plant fly ash analysis and extractability, the conceptual commercial plant would annually produce about 158,000 TPY of alumina, 102,000 TPY of ferric oxide, 46,000 TPY of gypsum, 81,000 TPY of alkali sulfate salts, 866,000 TPY of spent fly ash and 1,940,000 kWh of excess cogeneration power. Potential long term average revenues were projected to be $126,400,000 per year which would indicate a commercial project's economics may be quite adequate. Volume 1 of this study report presents the investment and operating cost data, revenue considerations and an evaluation of profitability. Volume 2 presents the engineering data and capital cost estimates and Volume 3 presents the commercial facility design criteria. 16 references, 14 figures, 4 tables.

  9. Paleotectonics and hydrocarbon accumulation, Powder River basin, Wyoming

    SciTech Connect

    Slack, P.B.

    1981-04-01

    The Belle Fourche arch, a subtle northeast-trending paleoarch, extends across the central part of the Powder River basin, Wyoming, to the Black Hills uplift. The arch is the result of differential vertical uplift, primarily during Cretaceous time, on numerous northeast-trending structural lineaments. Stratigraphic evidence suggests that the structural lineaments which form the Belle Fourche arch have rejuvenated periodically throughout the Phanerozoic. Evidence includes: (1) localization of Minnelusa Formation (Permian) hydrocarbon production along the crest of the arch; (2) localization of Dakota Formation (Cretaceous) alluvial point-bar production on the crest of the arch; (3) localization of lower Muddy Formation (Cretaceous) channel deposits parallel with, and on the downthrown sides of, lineament trends; (4) abrupt change in depositional strike of upper Muddy Formation (Cretaceous) marine bars close to the arch; (5) superposition of Turner sandstone (Cretaceous) channel deposits along the trends of Muddy channels; and (6) localization of virtually all significant Upper Cretaceous Shannon and Sussex sandstone offshore marine-bar production along the crest of the arch. Subtle uplift along the arch was persistent during at least lower Muddy through Sussex deposition, a period of about 35 m.y. 14 figures.

  10. Rift basins of interior Sudan: petroleum exploration and discovery

    SciTech Connect

    Schull, T.J.

    1988-10-01

    The sedimentary basins of interior Sudan are characterized by thick nonmarine clastic sequences of Jurassic(.)-Cretaceous and Tertiary age. Over 45,000 ft (13,716 m) of sediment was deposited in the deepest trough and extensive basinal areas are underlain by more than 20,000 ft (6096 m) of sedimentary rocks. The depositional sequences include thick lacustrine shales and claystones, flood plain claystones, and lacustrine, fluvial, and alluvial sandstones and conglomerates. Those lacustrine claystones deposited in a suboxic environment provide good oil-prone source rocks. Reservoir sandstones have been found in a wide variety of nonmarine sandstone facies. The extensional tectonism that formed these basins began in the Jurassic(.)-Early Cretaceous. Movement along major fault trends continued intermittently into the Miocene. This deformation resulted in a complex structural history that led to the formation of several deep fault-bounded troughs, major interbasinal highs, and complex basin flanks. This tectonism has created a wide variety of structures, many of which have become effective hydrocarbon traps. During the past eight years, several important oil discoveries have been made. Significant accumulations have been delineated in the Heglig and Unity areas, where estimated recoverable reserves are 250-300 million bbl of oil. 14 figures.

  11. Nutrient influences on leaf photosynthesis

    SciTech Connect

    Longstreth, D.J.; Nobel, P.S.

    1980-01-01

    The net rate of CO/sub 2/ uptake for leaves of Gossypium hirsutum L. was reduced when the plants were grown at low concentrations of NO/sub 3//sup -/, PO/sub 4//sup 2 -/, or K/sup +/. The water vapor conductance was relatively constant for all nutrient levels, indicating little effect on stomatal response. Although leaves under nutrient stress tended to be lower in chlorophyll and thinner, the ratio of mesophyll surface area to leaf area did not change appreciably. Thus, the reduction in CO/sub 2/ uptake rate at low nutrient levels was due to a decrease in the CO/sub 2/ conductance expressed per unit mesophyll cell wall area (g/sub CO/sup cell//sub 2/). The use of g/sub CO//sup cell//sub 2/ and nutrient levels expressed per unit of mesophyll cell wall provides a new means of assessing nutrient effects on CO/sub 2/ uptake of leaves. 14 figures, 1 table.

  12. Cementation and compaction history of synorogenic foreland basin sedimentary rocks from Huaco, Argentina

    SciTech Connect

    Damanti, J.F.; Jordan, T.E.

    1989-07-01

    The Sierra de Huaco exposes the western flank of the Bermejo foreland basin of central western Argentina. The exposed 5400-m section is well dated (14-2.3 Ma) and consists of synorogenic continental strata. Petrographic data combined with decompaction techniques provide first-order estimates of the absolute age of cementation of the sandstones. This information can be used to interpret petroleum migration paths and reservoir potential. Three diagenetic zones have been recognized, each characterized by a dominant cementing material within a distinct framework texture. These textures reflect varying degrees of compaction and framework-grain replacement prior to cementation. The diagenetic histories of the three zones were genetically linked to thrusting in the adjacent Precordillera, changes in depositional environment, and subsurface fluid flow. The depth at which cementation occurred in each zone is constrained by comparison of observed intergrain volume to predicted volumes (for uncemented sands) at any given burial depth. First-order estimates of the absolute age of cementation in each zone were made possible by comparing these relationships with a curve of accumulation history of the decompacted strata. The lowest zone compacted with little interstitial cement for as long as 11 m.y. after deposition. The middle zone was cemented within 3 m.y. after deposition. The upper zone experienced framework-grain replacement by calcite at very shallow depths within 2 m.y. and experienced little compaction. 14 figures, 1 table.

  13. Extrinsic fiber optic displacement sensors and displacement sensing systems

    DOEpatents

    Murphy, K.A.; Gunther, M.F.; Vengsarkar, A.M.; Claus, R.O.

    1994-04-05

    An extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor comprises a single-mode fiber, used as an input/output fiber, and a multimode fiber, used purely as a reflector, to form an air gap within a silica tube that acts as a Fizeau cavity. The Fresnel reflection from the glass/air interface at the front of the air gap (reference reflection) and the reflection from the air/glass interface at the far end of the air gap (sensing reflection) interfere in the input/output fiber. The two fibers are allowed to move in the silica tube, and changes in the air gap length cause changes in the phase difference between the reference reflection and the sensing reflection. This phase difference is observed as changes in intensity of the light monitored at the output arm of a fused biconical tapered coupler. The extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor behaves identically whether it is surface mounted or embedded, which is unique to the extrinsic sensor in contrast to intrinsic Fabry-Perot sensors. The sensor may be modified to provide a quadrature phase shift extrinsic Fizeau fiber optic sensor for the detection of both the amplitude and the relative polarity of dynamically varying strain. The quadrature light signals may be generated by either mechanical or optical means. A plurality of the extrinsic sensors may connected in cascade and multiplexed to allow monitoring by a single analyzer. 14 figures.

  14. Role of petroleum reserves in the development of the Mexican economy revisited

    SciTech Connect

    Valdes, R.M.

    1986-01-01

    The importance of petroleum reserves in the development of Mexico's economy since 1976 was examined. Large oil discoveries in the mid 1970's allowed Mexico to overcome the 1976 economic crisis and propelled the country to a brief period of rapid economic expansion during 1978-1981. However, mismanagement and capital flight wasted much of Mexico's oil resources and these factors combined with the increasing burden of the foreign debt service and weakening oil markets eventually led the country to the 1982 economic crisis. This crisis has become the worst in half a century because for four years the country has been unable to find a way out of its current economic impasse. This has resulted in sharply falling standards of life and great uncertainty about the economic viability of the country. In contrast to the 1976 crisis, no painless solution exists to the current one. Only profound structural changes will solve permanently the problems facing Mexico now. 37 references, 14 figures, 2 tables.

  15. Electrokinetic study on the oil flotation of oxidized coal. [Separation from ash materials and pyrite

    SciTech Connect

    Wen, W.W.; Sun, S.C.

    1981-01-01

    The objective of this investigation was to study the electrokinetic behavior of oxidized coals and of hydrocarbon emulsion droplets of flotation reagents to indicate the feasibility of separating the oxidized coals from ash materials and pyrite by an oil flotation process. The effects of surfactants and hydrolyzed metal ions were also included. The electrokinetic behavior of the oxidized coals and the hydrocarbon emulsion droplets were studied by an electrophoresis technique. Generally the isoelectric point (IEP) of the coals decreased with increasing degree of oxidation. A model of selective flotation of oxidized coal is postulated on the basis of the electrokinetic results. This model simply states that in the presence of a suitable amount of collector and frother, the optimal selective flotation of oxidized coal will occur at the IEP of the oxidized coal. To achieve this condition at the coal surface, it is necessary to adsorb heavy metal hydroxide ions prior to flotation and to absorb hydrocarbon oil droplets containing positively charged organic functional groups during flotation. Oxidized coal becomes more hydrophobic at its IEP because most of its surface is relatively non-polarizable surfaces and remain in suspension even when they are at an IEP. 14 figures.

  16. Evaluation of the Steel Creek ecosystem in relation to the proposed restart of the L-Reactor: interim report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-09-01

    This interim report of findings from studies by SREL has updated information on several key components of the Steel Creek ecosystem. We have emphasized two categories of the Steel Creek biota: Endangered Species (American alligator) and species for which environmental degradation within SRP boundaries might result in changes in offsite resource abundance. Wintering waterfowl surveys in the vicinity of the Steel Creek delta have demonstrated a pattern of increased utilization over the duration of these studies (1981-83). Wood stork utilization of SRP swamp areas also appeared to be substantially increased relative to previous years. Thermal alteration of the Steel Creek delta areas will eliminate this area as wood stork foraging habitat. Anadromous fish utilization of the Steel Creek area was also substantially increased in 1983 relative to 1982. The differences in anadromous fish species utilization patterns between 1982 and 1983 are probably a result of the markedly different river flow conditions between the two years. Studies of the American alligator have continued. No further reproduction by alligators has been observed in the Steel Creek system. 24 references, 14 figures, 13 tables.

  17. A beta 1-integrin receptor for fibronectin in human kidney glomeruli.

    PubMed Central

    Kerjaschki, D.; Ojha, P. P.; Susani, M.; Horvat, R.; Binder, S.; Hovorka, A.; Hillemanns, P.; Pytela, R.

    1989-01-01

    The fibronectin receptor (FNR) is a transmembrane heterodimeric glycoprotein which shares a common beta 1-chain with several other members of the integrin family of adhesion receptors. The authors have prepared a membrane fraction of isolated human glomeruli, from which two proteins (apparent molecular weights 120 kd and 140 kd) bound to a fibronectin-column, and were selectively released by the synthetic peptide Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser. These molecules were labeled in immune overlays by an antibody raised against the FNR from human placenta that recognizes both the FNR-specific a-chain and the group-specific beta 1-integrin chain. In sections of normal human kidneys this antibody labeled predominately the mesangia and the peripheral capillary walls of glomeruli by an immunoperoxidase procedure. Quantitative immunoelectron microscopy, using an indirect immunogold procedure, revealed a preferential localization along the cell membranes of mesangial, epithelial, and endothelial cells that face the mesangial matrix or the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). In kidney biopsies from patients with various glomerular diseases (membranous and other forms of glomerulonephritis, minimal change disease) the distribution was similar to that in normal glomeruli. These findings indicate that a beta 1-integrin-related FNR is present in normal and diseased human glomeruli. Images Figure 1-4 Figure 5 Figure 6-10 Figure 11-16 PMID:2521774

  18. Early Tertiary subsidence and sedimentary facies - Northern Sirte Basin, Libya

    SciTech Connect

    Gumati, Y.D.; Kanes, W.H.

    1985-12-01

    The subsidence curves and subsidence rate curves for the Sirte basin, constructed from the stratigraphic record, show that subsidence was continuous throughout Late Cretaceous and Tertiary times, reaching a maximum during the Paleocene and Eocene, when a major reactivation of faults occurred. Shales and carbonates were deposited during all of the Late Cretaceous and Tertiary. Abrupt lateral facies changes occur from the platform areas toward the deeper troughs along with steep downdip thickening. The absence of upper Paleozoic and lower Mesozoic sediments suggests that the area was domed, faulted, and eroded during the late Mesozoic. As a result of crustal extension during the Paleocene, a marked lithologic and structural change occurred. The Heira Shale succeeded the Kalash Limestone in the Marada trough. Reactivation of the earlier faults, accompanied by an increase in the sediment supply from the south, caused these lower Paleocene shales to cover the entire area, with the exception of the old highs where carbonate deposition continued. An intercalation of shales and carbonates provides a sensitive indicator of change of depth and sediment type. 14 figures.

  19. Capillary pressure techniques: application to exploration and development geology

    SciTech Connect

    Jennings, J.B.

    1987-10-01

    Capillary pressure can be viewed as the pressure required to drive a fluid through a pore throat and displace the pore wetting fluid, with greater pressure being required as the pore throat becomes smaller. The size and distribution of pore throats within a host rock control its capillary pressure characteristics, which in turn control fluid behavior in the pore system. Mercury-injection capillary pressure curves, which measure capillarity, are obtained by injecting mercury into sample plugs to produce a plot of injection pressure vs. mercury saturation. The resulting capillary pressure curves can provide qualitative assessments of reservoir rock using such calculated values as pore-throat sorting, reservoir grade, and oil columns required to obtain 50 and 75% oil saturations. Regional capillary pressure maps of these calculated values identify a north-south trend of favorable reservoir rock along the state line between Montana and North Dakota in the third porosity (C) zone of the Ordovician Red River Formation. Oil migration and trapping can be significantly controlled by capillary pressure. By understanding capillarity, they can obtain better insight on the nature of reservoir rock, oil accumulations, and permeability relationships. 15 figures, 1 table.

  20. Coal unit trains: operations, maintenance, and technology. Volume 4. Costs and benefits of aluminum coal cars. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Boghani, A.B.

    1984-11-01

    This report examines the costs and benefits to a utility of acquiring aluminum coal cars. After discussing the history of aluminum car production, the report describes in detail the characteristics of several aluminum cars now in use, and the experience of railroads and utilities with them. The effects of acquiring aluminum cars instead of steel cars on the fuel cost, crew cost, maintenance-of-way cost, and car costs (capital and maintenance) are discussed. An illustrative example is given, in which the internal rate of return (IRR) and payback period of the extra investment made to acquire aluminum cars are calculated. A parametric analysis is performed to determine the sensitivity of IRR and payback period to the freight-rate discount for the aluminum car, the inflation rate, the purchase price of aluminum and steel cars, their maintenance costs, bad order ratios, car lives, salvage values, trip length, and car utilization. The study concludes that the aluminum cars can be an excellent investment, provided a reasonable freight-rate discount is obtained. The first cost of an aluminum car compared to that of a steel car, its estimated downtime, its estimated maintenance cost, and the anticipated degree of its utilization are also shown to significantly affect the attractiveness of the extra investment. In addition, the study reveals that some aluminum cars have proved more durable in service than others. Thus, the importance of a thorough evaluation of the design of the aluminum cars being offered is demonstrated. 11 references, 15 figures, 8 tables.

  1. The Clinical Physiology of Water Metabolism

    PubMed Central

    Weitzman, Richard E.; Kleeman, Charles R.

    1979-01-01

    Water balance is tightly regulated within a tolerance of less than 1 percent by a physiologic control system located in the hypothalamus. Body water homeostasis is achieved by balancing renal and nonrenal water losses with appropriate water intake. The major stimulus to thirst is increased osmolality of body fluids as perceived by osmoreceptors in the anteroventral hypothalamus. Hypovolemia also has an important effect on thirst which is mediated by arterial baroreceptors and by the renin-angiotensin system. Renal water loss is determined by the circulating level of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). AVP is synthesized in specialized neurosecretory cells located in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in the hypothalamus and is transported in neurosecretory granules down elongated axons to the posterior pituitary. Depolarization of the neurosecretory neurons results in the exocytosis of the granules and the release of AVP and its carrier protein (neurophysin) into the circulation. AVP is secreted in response to a wide variety of stimuli. Change in body fluid osmolality is the most potent factor affecting AVP secretion, but hypovolemia, the renin-angiotensin system, hypoxia, hypercapnia, hyperthermia and pain also have important effects. Many drugs have been shown to stimulate the release of AVP as well. Small changes in plasma AVP concentration of from 0.5 to 4 μU per ml have major effects on urine osmolality and renal water handling. ImagesFigure 5.Figure 12.Figure 15.Figure 16. PMID:394480

  2. Multiple conductances in the large K+ channel from Chara corallina shown by a transient analysis method.

    PubMed Central

    Tyerman, S D; Terry, B R; Findlay, G P

    1992-01-01

    The large conductance K+ channel in the tonoplast of Chara corallina has subconductance states (substates). We describe a method that detects substates by monitoring the time derivative of channel current. Substates near to the full conductance tend to have long durations and high probabilities, while those of smaller amplitude occur with less probability and short duration. The substate pattern is similar in cell-attached, inside-out and outside-out patches over a range of temperatures. The pattern changes at high Ca2+ concentration (10 mol m-3) on the cytoplasmic face of inside-out patches. One substate at approximately 50% of the full conductance is characterized by a high frequency of transitions from the full conductance level. This midstate conductance is not a constant proportion of the full conductance but changes as a function of membrane potential difference (p.d.) showing strong inward rectification. We suggest that the channel is a single pore that can change conformation and/or charge profile to give different conductances. The mean durations of the full conductance level and the midstate decrease as the membrane p.d. becomes more negative. Programs for analysis of channel kinetics based on an half-amplitude detection criterion are shown to be unsuitable for analysis of the K+ channel. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 PMID:1504245

  3. Apparatus for weighing and identifying characteristics of a moving vehicle

    DOEpatents

    Muhs, J.D.; Jordan, J.K.; Tobin, K.W. Jr.; LaForge, J.V.

    1993-11-09

    Apparatus for weighing a vehicle in motion is provided by employing a plurality of elongated fiber-optic sensors defined by an optical fiber embedded in an encasement of elastomeric material and disposed parallel to each other on the roadway in the path of moving vehicles. Each fiber-optic sensor is provided with contact grid means which can be selectively altered to provide the fiber-optic sensors with sensitivities to vehicular weight different from each other for weighing vehicles in an extended weight range. Switch means are used in conjunction with the fiber-optic sensors to provide signals indicative of the speed of the moving vehicle, the number of axles on the vehicle, weight distribution, tire position, and the wheelbase of the vehicle. The use of a generally N-shaped configuration of switch means also provides a determination of the number of tires on each axle and the tire footprint. When switch means in this configuration are formed of optical fibers, the extent of light transmission through the fibers during contact with the tires of the vehicle is indicative of the vehicle weight. 15 figures.

  4. Meiotic process and aneuploidy

    SciTech Connect

    Grell, R.F.

    1985-01-01

    The process of meiosis is analyzed by dissecting it into its component parts using the early oocyte of Drosophila as a model. Entrance of the oocytes into premeiotic interphase signals initiation of DNA replication which continues for 30 h. Coincidentally, extensive synaptonemal complexes appear, averaging 50 ..mu..m (132 h), peaking at 75 ..mu..m (144 h) and continuing into early vitellarial stages. Recombinational response to heat, evidenced by enhancement or induction of exchange, is limited to the S-phase with a peak at 144 h coinciding with maximal extension of the SC. Coincidence of synapsis and recombination response with S at premeiotic interphase is contrary to their conventional localization at meiotic prophase. The interrelationship between exchange and nondisjunction has been clarified by the Distributive Pairing Model of meiosis. Originally revealed through high frequencies of nonrandom assortment of nonhomologous chromosomes, distributive pairing has been shown to follow and to be noncompetitive with exchange, to be based on size-recognition, not homology, and as a raison d'etre, to provide a segregational mechanism for noncrossover homologues. Rearrangements, recombination mutants and aneuploids may contribute noncrossover chromosomes to the distributive pool and so promote the nonhomologous associations responsible for nondisjunction of homologues and regular segregation of nonhomologues. 38 references, 15 figures. (ACR)

  5. Chemistry of 2,3-dimethylene-2,3-dihydrofurans and other reactive olefins prepared by the flash vacuum pyrolysis of substituted furylmethyl esters

    SciTech Connect

    Cassady, T.J.

    1985-03-01

    The flash vacuum pyrolysis chemistry of a series of methyl-substituted, furfuryl benzoates and methyl-substituted, 3-furylmethyl benzoates has been investigated. Mechanisms were proposed for the formation of the pyrolysis products, from each of the compounds studied, which involved either ..cap alpha.. or ..beta.. eliminations of benzoic acid after one or more (3,3) sigmatropic shifts of the benzoate group. These reactions provide a method for the preparation of the bis(methylene)-dihydrofurans which are the furan analogs of the ortho- and para-quinodimethanes, an actively investigated group of reactive intermediates. The chemical reactions of the 2,3-bis(methylene)-2,3-dihydrofurans, which were investigated in this study, included thermal dimerization reactions, Diels-Alder reactions and chelatropic reactions with sulfur dioxide. Pyrolysis of diesters of 3,4-bis(hydroxymethyl)-2,5-dimethylfuran formed furanoradialene as the only major, nonpolymeric product. Warming the product solutions to room temperature converted furanoradialene into one (4+2) dimer. Several approaches toward the synthesis of (2.2.2.2.)-(2,3,4,5)furanophane were investigated. The failure to produce the desired furanophane was attributed to a retro(4+4) reaction which occurred during the pyrolysis of 4,4'-bis(acetoxymethyl)-5,5'-dimethyl-(2,2)(2,3)furanophane. 277 references, 15 figures, 6 tables.

  6. Mechanisms of radiation-induced neoplastic cell transformation

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, T.C.H.; Tobias, C.A.

    1984-04-01

    Studies with cultured mammalian cells demonstrated clearly that radiation can transform cells directly and can enhance the cell transformation by oncogenic DNA viruses. In general, high-LET heavy-ion radiation can be more effective than X and gamma rays in inducing neoplastic cell transformation. Various experimental results indicate that radiation-induced DNA damage, most likely double-strand breaks, is important for both the initiation of cell transformation and for the enhancement of viral transformation. Some of the transformation and enhancement lesions can be repaired properly in the cell, and the amount of irrepairable lesions produced by a given dose depends on the quality of radiation. An inhibition of repair processes with chemical agents can increase the transformation frequency of cells exposed to radiation and/or oncogenic viruses, suggesting that repair mechanisms may play an important role in the radiation transformation. The progression of radiation-transformed cells appears to be a long and complicated process that can be modulated by some nonmutagenic chemical agents, e.g., DMSO. Normal cells can inhibit the expression of transforming properties of tumorigenic cells through an as yet unknown mechanism. The progression and expression of transformation may involve some epigenetic changes in the irradiated cells. 38 references, 15 figures, 1 table.

  7. Creep cavitation in 304 stainless steel

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, I.W.; Argon, A.S.

    1981-01-01

    Creep cavitation in 304 stainless steel at 0.5 T/sub m/ was investigated. Two specially developed techniques were used to study the nucleation and growth of grain-boundary cavities. It was found that cavities nucleated heterogeneously throughout the creep history and those observed were well in their growth stage. Comparison of these observations with the theory for cavity nucleation requires that a high interfacial stress be present. Experiments suggest that such stress concentrations are present in the early stages of boundary sliding, and in additional transients associated with intermittent sliding of boundaries throughout the creep life. It was found that microstructural variations such as those caused by twins which strongly affect initial particle densities on boundaries can alter cavitation behavior drastically. Our results also show that wedge cracks are the result of accelerated linking of growing cavities in the triple point region of stress concentration and are not a separate phenomenon. Furthermore, at higher strain rates growth of cavities can be accelerated by grain boundary sliding. Lastly, evidence is given to support the view that in engineering alloys which contain complex phas constitutents particularly along grain-boundaries, cavitation in long term service is likely to be caused by cavities nucleated in connection with a prior cold forming operation. 15 figures.

  8. Effects of loading on the growth rates of deep stress-corrosion cracks

    SciTech Connect

    Beavers, J.A.; Christman, T.K.

    1990-08-01

    The goal of this research program was to determine the effects of loading on growth of stress-corrosion cracks (SCC) in line pipe steel and whether special loading procedures could actually inhibit crack growth. Of particular interest was the effect of hydrostatic retesting on the subsequent growth of existing cracks. The growth rate experiments showed that the slow-strain rate loading could successfully nucleate a group of fine cracks with depths up to 0.025 inches (0.64 mm). However, the subsequent cyclic loading at typical operating stress levels (lower than experienced during the slow- strain rate loading) produced minimal crack growth and stopped soon after the test was started. The limited growth is believed to be a real phenomenon which means this is not a suitable procedure for the measurement of average crack growth rates. These experiments indicate that cracks grown at high stress (as in the slow-strain rate phase) do not readily propagate at lower stress levels. This may be because of crack closure (compressive crack tip residual stress) induced by the initial higher stress level. If that is true, then hydrostatic retests could inhibit the growth of existing stress-corrosion cracks, especially if the hydrostatic tests are conducted at high stress levels. 15 figures, 3 tabs.

  9. Aging with respect to flammability and other properties in fire-retarded ethylene propylene rubber and chlorosulfonated polyethylene

    SciTech Connect

    Salazar, E.A.; Bouchard, D.A.; Furgal, D.T.

    1982-03-01

    The flammability characteristics of ethylene propylene and chlorosulfonated polyethylene rubbers containing fire-retardant additives, aged in different thermal and radiation environments have been studied. Flammability parameters for these materials (time to ignition, mass pyrolysis, buring rate and fuel consumption) when exposed to, and aged in thermal, radiation, and thermal/radiation environments are discussed. Two formulations of each type of rubber are compared. The results are a direct contradiction to expected results based on small-scale flammability tests. They show that the fire-retarding agents used in this investigation do not reduce, and in some cases, contribute to, rubber flammability when exposred to a full-scale fire environment. In addition, the results show that for full-scale fire conditions, the energy required for ignition of chlorosulfonated polyethylene is lower than that required for ethylene propylene rubber; a complete reversal of expected results. The effects of aging on the tensile-elongation properties have been determined. Radiation dose-rate effects are also discussed. Results show that the fire-retardant additives have a negligible influence on the tested materials' tensile-elongation properties and on material aging, regardless of the aging environment. The data obtained, however, may be too limited to show significant dose-rate effects. 15 figures, 9 tables.

  10. Localization of hepatitis B surface antigen in conventional paraffin sections of the liver. Comparison of immunofluorescence, immunoperoxidase, and orcein staining methods with regard to their specificity and reliability as antigen marker.

    PubMed Central

    Nayak, N. C.; Sachdeva, R.

    1975-01-01

    Hepatitis B antigen (HBAg) has been demonstrated in conventional formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded liver tissue by peroxidase and fluorescent immunostaining as well as by orcein. Complete locational and morphologic identity is seen between material stained by specific immunologic methods and by orcein. The antigen is restricted to the cytoplasm and is generally observed in the hepatocyte; it is present in three morphologic forms. Certain morphologic forms can even be identified in hematoxylin and eosin-stained tissue. Results of immunostaining procedures indicate that the antigen demonstrated in this study consists entirely of surface coat of hepatitis B virus (HBsAg). This seems to be the only component revealed by orcein staining. The latter is considered to be a good marker of the surface antigen and to have certain advantages over immunostaining. It is suggested that suitability of conventional paraffin sections for the detection of HBAg has wide and important implications. Images Figures 1-5 Figure 6 Figure 7 Figure 8 Figure 9 Figure 10 PMID:55076

  11. Burial history and thermal maturity, Rocky Mountain front ranges, foothills, and foreland, east-central British Columbia and adjacent Alberta, Canada

    SciTech Connect

    Kalkreuth, W.; McMechan, M.

    1988-11-01

    The regional pattern of maturation of Cretaceous strata in the study area was determined from vitrinite-reflectance measurements. Maturation increases from west to east across the Foothills to a maximum near the eastern limit of Foothills deformation and decreases farther east. Maturation along the eastern limit of deformation also decreases northward significantly. Reflectance measurements from Carboniferous strata exposed in the Front Ranges are much lower than values from the Lower Cretaceous near the eastern limit of deformation. Modeling using burial history curves indicates the regional maturation pattern largely reflects variations in the depth and/or duration of burial beneath Maastrichtian-Eocene foredeep deposits. However, differential vertical movements associated with the Peace River arch/embayment in the Carboniferous, Triassic, Early Cretaceous and Maastrichtian-Eocene had an important effect on the maturation pattern. Determined and estimated maturation levels for reservoir strata are consistent with the known occurrences of gas fields and oil pools, except along the relatively unexplored western margin of the study area. There, moderate maturation levels indicate a potential for wet-gas or oil preservation in shallow structures containing Triassic and Lower Carboniferous carbonates in the south. In the north, structures in the western Foothills deforming Triassic strata with lower levels of maturation are breached. 15 figures.

  12. FLUOMEG: a planar finite difference mesh generator for fluid flow problems with parallel boundaries. [In FORTRAN IV

    SciTech Connect

    Kleinstreuer, C.; Patterson, M.R.

    1980-05-01

    A two- or three-dimensional finite difference mesh generator capable of discretizing subrectangular flow regions (planar coordinates) with arbitrarily shaped bottom contours (vertical dimension) was developed. This economical, interactive computer code, written in FORTRAN IV and employing DISSPLA software together with graphics terminal, generates first a planar rectangular grid of variable element density according to the geometry and local kinematic flow patterns of a given fluid flow problem. Then subrectangular areas are deleted to produce canals, tributaries, bays, and the like. For three-dimensional problems, arbitrary bathymetric profiles (river beds, channel cross section, ocean shoreline profiles, etc.) are approximated with grid lines forming steps of variable spacing. Furthermore, the code works as a preprocessor numbering the discrete elements and the nodal points. Prescribed values for the principal variables can be automatically assigned to solid as well as kinematic boundaries. Cabinet drawings aid in visualizing the complete flow domain. Input data requirements are necessary only to specify the spacing between grid lines, determine land regions that have to be excluded, and to identify boundary nodes. 15 figures, 2 tables.

  13. Late Cretaceous - Cenozoic development of outer continental margin, southwestern Nova Scotia

    SciTech Connect

    Swift, S.A.

    1987-06-01

    The growth pattern for the outer continental margin of Nova Scotia during the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic was studied using seismic stratigraphy and well data. Sediment accumulation was broadly controlled by temporal changes in relative sea level, but significant spatial and temporal changes in accumulation patterns were caused by changes in sediment supply rate, morphology, erosion by abyssal currents, and salt tectonics. A Jurassic-Early Cretaceous carbonate platform remained exposed until the Late Cretaceous and controlled the location and steepness of the paleoslope until the late Miocene. Local erosion of the outer shelf and slope in the late Paleocene-early Eocene produced chalky fans on the upper rise. The relationship between erosion of the shelf in the late Eocene and early Oligocene, and abyssal current erosion of the upper rise in the Oligocene, is unclear. Seaward extensions of Tertiary shelf-edge canyons are poorly defined except for the Eocene fans. In the Miocene, abyssal currents eroded a bench on the upper continental rise. Subsequently, sediments lapped onto and buried the paleoslope. The lower rise above horizon A/sup u/ (Oligocene) is composed of fans and olistostromes shed from halokinetic uplift of the upper rise. Current eroded unconformities are common in the rise sequence, but the only current deposit is a Pliocene interval (< 300 m) restricted to the lowermost rise. Pleistocene turbidity currents eroded the present canyon morphology. 15 figures, 2 tables.

  14. Analysis of uranium urinalysis and in vivo measurement results from eleven participating uranium mills

    SciTech Connect

    Spitz, H.B.; Simpson, J.C.; Aldridge, T.L.

    1984-05-01

    Uranium urinalysis and in vivo examination results obtained from workers at eleven uranium mills between 1978 and 1980 were evaluated. The main purpose was to determine the degree of the mills' compliance with bioassay monitoring recommendations given in the draft NRC Regulatory Guide 8.22 (USNRC 1978). The effect of anticipated changes in the draft regulatory guidance, as expressed to PNL in May 1982, was also studied. Statistical analyses of the data showed that the bioassay results did not reliably meet the limited performance criteria given in the draft regulatory guide. Furthermore, quality control measurements of uranium in urine indicated that detection limits at ..cap alpha.. = ..beta.. = 0.05 ranged from 13 ..mu..g/l to 29 ..mu..g/l, whereas the draft regulatory guidance suggests 5 ..mu..g/l as the detection limit. Recommendations for monitoring frequencies given in the draft guide were not followed consistently from mill to mill. The results of these statistical analyses indicate a need to include performance criteria for accuracy, precision, and confidence in revisions of the draft Regulatory Guide 8.22. Revised guidance should also emphasize the need for each mill to continually test the laboratory performing urinalyses by submitting quality control samples (i.e., blank and spiked urine samples as open and blind test) to insure that the performance criteria are being met. Recommendations for a bioassay audit program are also given. 25 references, 15 figures, 17 tables.

  15. Acid precipitation and drinking water quality in the eastern United States. Final report, November 1981-January 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, F.; Taylor, J.A.; Symons, G.E.; Collins, J.J.; Schock, M.R.

    1984-01-01

    Research was conducted to provide accurate modern and historical data on drinking water quality and the possible effect of acid precipitation on water samples. Samples of source raw and finished water were collected from more than 300 surface and groundwater supplies in the New England States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, and North Carolina. The samples were analyzed at EPA laboratories. Historical records were obtained dating back to 1886. Acid rain may dissolve harmful elements from soils and from water supply distribution systems. Because soils can alter the character of acid rain through buffering, causal relationships are difficult to identify. A helpful approach to this problem is the use of indices of water supply sensitiviy and corrosiveness. With these indices, drinking water standards, and reliable chemical data, an assessment of water supply characteristics has been accomplished. Though solution products of acid rain in the water supply sources studied do not exceed EPA Primary Drinking Water Regulations, a large number of tests for aluminum showed levels that could be of concern to kidney dialysis patients. Because of the present water quality conditions (low alkalinity and pH) at numerous water sources, future acid deposition could be expected to have a detrimental effect on water quality. 42 references, 15 figures, 42 tables.

  16. Volume of Impact Melt Generated by the Formation of the South Pole-Aitken Basin

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Petro, Noah E.

    2011-01-01

    The South Pole-Aitken Basin (SPA) is the largest, deepest, and oldest identified basin on the Moon and as such contains surfaces that are unique due to their age, composition, and depth of origin in the lunar crust [1-5] (Figure 1). SPA has been a target of intense interest as an area for robotic sample return in order to determine the age of the basin and the composition and origin of its interior [6-8]. In response to this interest there have been several efforts to estimate the likely provenance of regolith material within central SPA [9-12]. These model estimates suggest that, despite the formation of basins and craters following SPA, the regolith within SPA is dominated by locally derived material. An assumption of these models has been that the locally derived material is primarily SPA impact-melt as opposed to local basement material (e.g. unmelted lower crust). However, the definitive identification of SPA derived impact melt on the basin floor, either by remote sensing [5, 13] or via photogeology [2, 14] is extremely difficult due to the number of subsequent impacts and volcanic activity [4].

  17. Magnetic resonance imaging of the central nervous system in children with a new nonionic gadolinium contrast agent--gadoteridol injection (ProHance).

    PubMed Central

    Byrd, S. E.; Darling, C. F.; Wilczynski, M. A.

    1993-01-01

    This article reports the results of clinical testing in pediatric patients of a new contrast agent, gadoteridol injection (ProHance), developed by Squibb Diagnostic as a nonionic gadolinium agent for use in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thirteen children (four girls and nine boys) ranging in age from 10 to 18 years were enrolled in the study. The children had MR studies of the brain and/or spine with T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and postgadoteridol injection T1-weighted sequences. Five children had primary brain or spine neoplasms, three children had metastatic disease to the central nervous system, one child had a recurrent brain neoplasm and spinal canal metastasis, one child had an arteriovenous malformation, and two children were normal on the MRI studies. No minor or major reactions to gadoteridol injection developed in the 13 patients. Gadoteridol injection provided excellent delineation and enhancement of the arteriovenous malformation and all of the primary and secondary neoplasms of the central nervous system except for one case of a grade 1 glioma of the midbrain. Gadoteridol injection is a safe and excellent contrast agent for use in MRI. Images Figures 1-5 Figures 6-10 PMID:8496990

  18. Design and operation of a passive neutron monitor for assaying the TRU content of solid wastes

    SciTech Connect

    Brodzinski, R.L.; Brown, D.P.; Rieck, H.G. Jr.; Rogers, L.A.

    1984-02-01

    A passive neutron monitor has been designed and built for determining the residual transuranic (TRU) and plutonium content of chopped leached fuel hulls and other solid wastes from spent Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) fuel. The system was designed to measure as little as 8 g of plutonium or 88 mg of TRU in a waste package as large as a 208-l drum which could be emitting up to 220,000 R/hr of gamma radiation. For practical purposes, maximum assay times were chosen to be 10,000 sec. The monitor consists of 96 /sup 10/BF/sub 3/ neutron sensitive proportional counting tubes each 5.08 cm in diameter and 183 cm in active length. Tables of neutron emission rates from both spontaneous fission and (..cap alpha..,n) reactions on oxygen are given for all contributing isotopes expected to be present in spent FFTF fuel. Tables of neutron yeilds from isotopic compositions predicted for various exposures and cooling times are also given. Methods of data reduction and sources, magnitude, and control of errors are discussed. Backgrounds and efficiencies have been measured and are reported. A section describing step-by-step operational procedures is included. Guidelines and procedures for quality control and troubleshooting are also given. 13 references, 15 figures, 4 tables.

  19. Corrrosion of low-nickel weldments in coal gasification atmospheres

    SciTech Connect

    Natesan, K

    1984-12-01

    Coal gasification environments exhibit low oxygen and moderate-to-high sulfur partial pressures; under these conditions, structural alloys welded with high-nickel filler metals are susceptible to the sulfidation mode of attack even though the base metal itself has adequate resistance to sulfidation. To understand the role of nickel in the weldment on the corrosion process, a number of weldments of Incology 800H base metal welded with several commercially available low-nickel filler metals have been tested in mixed oxygen-sulfur atmospheres. Results on the compositional variations and morphological developments obtained from exposed specimens are presented. The results showed that high-nickel weld metal can accelerate the oxidation/sulfidation process. In addition, the weld interface region in all the alloys (irrespective of the nickel content of the filler metal) was susceptibel to accelerated attack in mixed-gas atmospheres; however, weldments with lower-nickel filler metals exhibited smaller scale thicknesses and showed significant promise for application in fossil fuel systems. 4 references, 15 figures, 3 tables.

  20. Study of nonlinear waves described by the cubic Schroedinger equation

    SciTech Connect

    Walstead, A.E.

    1980-03-12

    The cubic Schroedinger equation (CSE) is ubiquitous as a model equation for the long-time evolution of finite-amplitude near-monochromatic dispersive waves. It incorporates the effects of the radiation field pressure on the constitutive properties of the supporting medium in a self-consistent manner. The properties of the uniformly transiating periodic wave solutions of the one-dimensional CSE are studied here. These (so-called cnoidal) waves are characterized by the values of four parameters. Whitham's averaged variational principle is used to derive a system of quasilinear evolution equations (the modulational equations) for the values of these parameters when they are slowly varying in space and time. Explicit expressions for the characteristic velocities of the modulational equations are obtained for the full set of cnoidal waves. Riemann invariants are obtained for several limits for the stable case, and growth rates are obtained for several limits, including the solitary wave chain, for the unstable case. The results for several nontrivial limiting cases agree with those obtained by independent methods by others. The dynamics of the CSE generalized to two spatial dimensions are studied for the unstable case. A large class of similarity solutions with cylindrical symmetry are obtained systematically using infinitesimal transformation group techniques. The methods are adapted to obtain the symmetries of the action functional of the CSE and to deduce nine integral invariants. A numerical study of the self-similar solutions reveals that they are modulationally unstable and that singularities dominate the dynamics of the CSE in two dimensions. The CSE is derived using perturbation theory for a specific problem in plasma physics: the evolution of the envelope of a near-monochromatic electromagnetic wave in a cold magnetized plasma. 13 figures, 2 tables.