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Sample records for 18-year-old woman presented

  1. Multiple Venous Thromboses Presenting as Mechanical Low Back Pain in an 18-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Marchand, Andrée-Anne; Boucher, Jean-Alexandre; O’Shaughnessy, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe a patient who presented with acute musculoskeletal symptoms but was later diagnosed with multiple deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Clinical Features An 18-year-old female presented to a chiropractic clinic with left lumbosacral pain with referral into the posterior left thigh. A provisional diagnosis was made of acute myofascial syndrome of the left piriformis and gluteus medius muscles. The patient received 3 chiropractic treatments over 1 week resulting in 80% improvement in pain intensity. Two days later, a sudden onset of severe abdominal pain caused the patient to seek urgent medical attention. A diagnostic ultrasound of the abdomen and pelvis were performed and interpreted as normal. Following this, the patient reported increased pain in her left leg. Evaluation revealed edema of the left calf and decreased left lower limb sensation. A venous Doppler ultrasound was ordered. Intervention and Outcomes Doppler ultrasound revealed reduction of the venous flow in the femoral vein area. An additional ultrasonography evaluation revealed an extensive DVTs affecting the left femoral vein and iliac axis extending towards the vena cava. Upon follow-up with a hematologist, the potential diagnosis of May-Thurner syndrome was considered based on the absence of blood dyscrasias and sustained anatomical changes found in the left common iliac vein at its junction with the right common iliac artery. A week following discharge, she presented with chest pain and was diagnosed with venous thromboembolism. The patient was successfully treated with anticoagulation therapy and insertion of a vena cava filter. Conclusion Although DVTs are common in the general population, presence in low-risk individuals may be overlooked. In the presence of subtle initial clinical signs such as those described in this case report, clinicians should keep a high index of suspicion for a DVT. Rapid identification of such clinical signs in association

  2. An 18-year-old woman with Kabuki syndrome, immunoglobulin deficiency and granulomatous lymphocytic interstitial lung disease.

    PubMed

    De Dios, Jose Angelo A; Javaid, Adnan A; Ballesteros, Enrique; Metersky, Mark L

    2012-01-01

    Granulomatous lymphocytic interstitial lung disease, or GLILD, is an uncommon condition associated with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). We present an interesting case of an 18-year-old woman with Kabuki syndrome and CVID who was seen in our clinic for an abnormal chest CT scan. She was subsequently diagnosed with GLILD. There are no established guidelines for the treatment of GLILD in CVID. Immune globulin replacement therapy is the main treatment for CVID and higher doses of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) may prevent the progression of chronic lung disease. Patients with CVID and GLILD are at increased risk for malignancy and their prognosis is worse compared to patients with CVID without GLILD. PMID:22372173

  3. Presentation of case: Bladder cancer in an 18 year old female patient

    PubMed Central

    Sheehan, Lisa; Anwar, Adeel; Kommu, Sashi

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Bladder cancers are not very common in the young population below 20 years of age, especially in those who have not been exposed to chemotherapy, bladder augmentation surgery and other known risk factors. By highlighting this case we hope to raise awareness in the medical community, that the symptom of visible haematuria can potentially be due to a bladder malignancy and therefore this should be thoroughly investigated. Presentation of case An 18-year-old female presented with intermittent macroscopic haematuria and non-specific abdominal pain. Physical examination and routine blood tests were normal. An ultrasound scan initially showed a bladder wall lesion, which a flexible cystoscopy confirmed. Histology revealed grade 2 papillary transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with no invasion into the lamina propria (G2pTa TCCB). Discussion We recognise through our literature review that paediatric bladder cancers are not commonly reported in the UK. In our paper we highlight the relevant major studies that have been carried out world-wide, the reported incidence so far and gaps in the evidence base. Conclusion Despite the dearth of data about paediatric bladder malignancies there is enough case-based evidence, from world-wide sources, to support that bladder cancer must be suspected in the event of macroscopic haematuria. Ultrasound and cystoscopy are the standard diagnostic tools for bladder tumours. Endoscopic resection of the tumour followed up by interval ultrasound scans and flexible cystoscopy checks remain the mainstay of treatment hitherto. PMID:25574770

  4. Urethral mucosa prolapse in an 18-year-old adolescent.

    PubMed

    Olumide, Akadiri; Kayode Olusegun, Ajenifuja; Babatola, Bakare

    2013-01-01

    Urethra mucosa prolapse is a benign condition in which there is a circular protrusion of the distal urethra through the external urethra meatus. It is more commonly seen in prepubertal black girls and postmenopausal white women. It is rare in the reproductive age group. This case describes the presentation and management of an 18-year-old adolescent with urethra mucosa prolapse. PMID:24109533

  5. Growth and Your 13-to 18-Year-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... Years Understanding Puberty Your Child's Checkup: 17 Years Female Reproductive System Fitness and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old ... 18-Year-Old Your Daughter's First Gynecology Visit Female Reproductive System What's the Right Weight for My Height? When ...

  6. Multimodal Imaging after Sudden Cardiac Arrest in an 18-Year-Old Athlete

    PubMed Central

    Rehman, Mobeen Ur; Atalay, Michael K.; Broderick, Ryan J.

    2015-01-01

    We report the case of a previously healthy 18-year-old male athlete who twice presented with sudden cardiac arrest. Our use of electrocardiography, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, coronary angiography, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and nuclear stress testing enabled the diagnoses of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and anomalous origin of the right coronary artery. We discuss the patient's treatment and note the useful role of multiple cardiovascular imaging methods in cases of sudden cardiac arrest. PMID:26664308

  7. Multimodal Imaging after Sudden Cardiac Arrest in an 18-Year-Old Athlete.

    PubMed

    Afari, Maxwell E; Rehman, Mobeen Ur; Atalay, Michael K; Broderick, Ryan J

    2015-12-01

    We report the case of a previously healthy 18-year-old male athlete who twice presented with sudden cardiac arrest. Our use of electrocardiography, echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, coronary angiography, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and nuclear stress testing enabled the diagnoses of apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and anomalous origin of the right coronary artery. We discuss the patient's treatment and note the useful role of multiple cardiovascular imaging methods in cases of sudden cardiac arrest. PMID:26664308

  8. Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis with ophthalmic manifestations in 18-year-olds on oral contraceptives.

    PubMed

    Tan, Jeffrey J; Hassoun, Ameer; Elmalem, Valerie I

    2014-08-01

    Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare and potentially life-threatening cause of stroke. In the past few decades, the incidence and patient demographics have changed because of many factors, including the widespread use of oral contraceptives, improved detection of prothrombotic conditions, and advancement of imaging technology. The presentation of CVST is varied and can include ocular signs and symptoms. We present 2 cases of oral contraceptive-induced CVST in 18-year-old women, whose main presenting findings were ophthalmologic. PMID:24803635

  9. Cardiac arrest in an 18-year-old man caused by anomalous right coronary artery origin.

    PubMed

    Cronin, Heather; Curtin, Ronan

    2016-01-01

    An 18-year-old man presented to hospital following an out of hospital ventricular fibrillation cardiac arrest, with successful resuscitation at the scene. The incident happened during a competitive football match in which the man was playing. In the course of an extensive work up, a CT coronary angiogram demonstrated an anomalous right coronary artery (RCA) origin in the left coronary sinus. The RCA followed an initial intramural and subsequent interarterial course between the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery trunk. Cardiac MRI showed a small subendocardial area of delayed gadolinium enhancement in the inferoseptal wall, consistent with a small infarct. Treatment involved elective coronary artery bypass of the RCA with a right internal mammary artery graft. The patient made a full recovery. An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator was not inserted and he was advised not to return to competitive sports. PMID:26961556

  10. Hearty Habits. Don't Eat Your Heart Out. 15-18 Year Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    The purpose of this illustrated guide is to teach 15-18 year old students that all healthy Americans, 2 years of age or older, should eat in a way that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol to help reduce the risk of heart disease. The theme reflected throughout the manual is that changes in eating patterns help lower blood cholesterol levels…

  11. Internet Gambling and Problem Gambling among 13 to 18 Year Old Adolescents in Iceland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olason, Daniel Thor; Kristjansdottir, Elsa; Einarsdottir, Hafdis; Haraldsson, Haukur; Bjarnason, Geir; Derevensky, Jeffrey L.

    2011-01-01

    This study reports findings on Internet gambling and problem gambling among Icelandic youth. Participants were 1.537 13-18 year-old students, 786 boys and 747 girls. Results revealed that 56.6% had gambled at least once in the past 12 months and 24.3% on the Internet. Gender and developmental differences were found for Internet gambling, as boys…

  12. A Comparative Analysis Regarding Factors Related to 13- to 18-Year-Old African American Male Adolescents in Special Education and the Justice System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phipps, Jonathan Lanier

    2013-01-01

    This study was focused on the identification of selected risk factors seemingly present among African American male adolescents 13 to 18 years old who were participants in special education programs at their schools. Many of these male adolescents were also found to participate in the juvenile justice system under what was characterized as…

  13. Weight status and depressive symptoms in 18 year-old Greek adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Matziou, Vasiliki; Hatira, Kaliopi; Perdikaris, Pantelis; Zachos, Ioannis; Mellou, Kassiani; Bakoula, Chryssa

    2010-01-01

    Depressive symptoms in adolescence have been a subject of considerable controversy in terms of their nature, severity and identification. The aim of the study was to investigate the possible association between weight status and depressive symptoms among 18 year-old Greek adolescents. A cross-sectional study design was used. The study population consisted of 200 students of the University of Athens who fulfilled the following criteria: age 18 years, absence of clinical depression, no history of hospitalization in a mental institution, no history of alcohol abuse. Weight status was assessed by Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) and calculated from weight and height measurements. Severity of depressive symptoms was assessed by Centre for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). In univariate analysis, CES-D score was significantly associated with adolescents' gender and BMI. The multivariate analysis showed that CES-D score was negatively related to BMI even after controlling the confounding effect of gender (P=0.018, B=-0.378). Depressive symptoms are related to weight status of adolescents. PMID:21589829

  14. Mental Health Service Use among 18-Year-Old Adolescent Boys: A Prospective 10-Year Follow-Up Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sourander, Andre; Multimaki, Petteri; Santalahti, Paivi; Parkkola, Kai; Haavisto, Antti; Helenius, Hans; Nikolakaros, Georgios; Piha, Jorma; Tamminen, Tuula; Moilanen, Irma; Kumpulainen, Kirsti; Aronen, Eeva T.; Linna, Sirkka-Liisa; Puura, Kaija; Almqvist, Fredrik

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To study prevalence and factors associated with mental health service use among 18-year-old adolescent boys. Method: Predictors at age 8 and factors at age 18 associated with mental health service use during the preceding 12 months were studied in a general population sample of 2,316 Finnish boys born in 1981 attending military call-up…

  15. [Prevalence of anti-HAV antibodies (hepatitis A virus) in 18-year-old males from the Florence area].

    PubMed

    Calabri, G B; Santini, M G; Genovese, F; Bambi, F; Salvi, G; Calabri, G

    1999-01-01

    In 1998 sera from 430 18 year old male subjects living in "Florentina area" have been tested for anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) antibodies. 27 out of 430, (6.2%), study samples were found to be positive. Our results confirm the low circulation rate of HAV in Florence area. PMID:10963011

  16. Swedish 18-Year-Olds' Identity Formation: Associations with Feelings about Appearance and Internalization of Body Ideals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wangqvist, Maria; Frisen, Ann

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study with Swedish 18-year-olds (N = 714, 55.2% women) was to investigate identity formation in relation to body-esteem and body ideal internalization. These are all important aspects of adolescents' development, but little is known about how they are related. This study indicates that late adolescents' identity formation,…

  17. The Use of Ethical Frameworks by Students Following a New Science Course for 16-18 Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiss, Michael

    2008-01-01

    There has been a move in recent years towards the greater inclusion of social and ethical issues within science courses. This paper examines a new context-based course for 16-18 year-olds (Salters-Nuffield Advanced Biology) who are studying biology in England and Wales. The course is taught through contexts and has an emphasis on social issues and…

  18. Primary mixed malignant tumor of bone in an 18-year-old male: Report of a case with radiologic-pathologic correlation

    PubMed Central

    Courtier, Jesse; Robbins, Elizabeth; Soares, Bruno; Horvai, Andrew; Mackenzie, John D.

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of primary malignant mixed tumor (MMT) of bone in an 18-year-old boy with X-ray, CT, MR, scintigraphic, FDG PET, and pathologic correlation. Primary MMT of bone is a highly aggressive tumor and presents both a diagnostic and clinical treatment challenge. This tumor is extremely rare and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the diagnostic imaging findings for primary MMT arising from bone in a patient of this age group. PMID:26909264

  19. Acne scars in 18-year-old male adolescents: a population-based study of prevalence and associated factors*

    PubMed Central

    Lauermann, Fernanda Tcatch; de Almeida Jr., Hiram Larangeira; Duquia, Rodrigo Pereira; de Souza, Paulo Ricardo Martins; Breunig, Juliano de Avelar

    2016-01-01

    Background Acne vulgaris is a pilosebaceous follicle disorder affecting over 85% of adolescents to some degree. It frequently causes psychological distress that may persist into adulthood due to scarring. Little information about post-acne scarring epidemiology is available. Objectives To describe prevalence, distribution patterns and associated factors of acne scarring in young males, drawing on a representative population sample from a southern Brazilian city. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken during presentation for military service, which is compulsory for all 18-year-old males. A questionnaire was applied, covering topics like diet, smoking habits, ethnicity, family structure, socio-economic level, as well as specific questions about active acne and resulting scars. Dermatologists conducted the clinical examination. Results A total of 2,201 male adolescents were interviewed and examined. The overall prevalence of acne scarring was 22%. The malar region was the most frequently involved, present in 80% of affected individuals, followed by the frontal region (31.5%), back (17%), anterior chest (8.2%) and mentonian region (6.4%). Correlation between the intensity of clinical acne and the presence of scars was found, but no association was observed with educational level, smoking, ethnicity, obesity or socio-economic status. Conclusions There is a high prevalence of acne scars among this population. This is the first study to ascertain a correlation between acne scarring and factors such as socio-economic status and educational level. The direct relation between acne severity and scarring indicates that prompt and effective treatment is the best way to reduce scarring. PMID:27438194

  20. Sources of Dietary Fiber and the Association of Fiber Intake with Childhood Obesity Risk (in 2–18 Year Olds) and Diabetes Risk of Adolescents 12–18 Year Olds: NHANES 2003–2006

    PubMed Central

    Brauchla, Mary; Juan, WenYen; Story, Jon; Kranz, Sibylle

    2012-01-01

    Increased fiber intake has been linked with lower risk of overweight and obesity in adults, but data are sparse for children. To address this issue, NHANES 2003–2006 data was used to evaluate (1) the food sources of fiber in children, (2) the dietary fiber density levels and risk of being classified as overweight/obese, and (3) the association between fiber intake level and impaired glucose metabolism in children. Analyses were restricted to the subsample of children with biological plausible diet reports (N = 4,667) and stratified by 2–11 year olds (n = 2072) and 12–18 year olds (n = 2595). Results showed that the food sources are predominantly foods that are low in dietary fiber, but are consumed at high levels. In 2–18 year old plausible reporters, the risk for overweight/obesity decreased by 17% from children in the medium tertile of fiber density intake compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.83, P value = 0.043) and by 21% between the highest compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.79, P value = 0.031). There was a protective effect of being in the medium tertile of dietary fiber density (OR = 0.68, P value <0.001) on impaired glucose metabolism. These results indicate a beneficial effect of higher fiber density in children's diets. PMID:22957219

  1. Sources of Dietary Fiber and the Association of Fiber Intake with Childhood Obesity Risk (in 2-18 Year Olds) and Diabetes Risk of Adolescents 12-18 Year Olds: NHANES 2003-2006.

    PubMed

    Brauchla, Mary; Juan, Wenyen; Story, Jon; Kranz, Sibylle

    2012-01-01

    Increased fiber intake has been linked with lower risk of overweight and obesity in adults, but data are sparse for children. To address this issue, NHANES 2003-2006 data was used to evaluate (1) the food sources of fiber in children, (2) the dietary fiber density levels and risk of being classified as overweight/obese, and (3) the association between fiber intake level and impaired glucose metabolism in children. Analyses were restricted to the subsample of children with biological plausible diet reports (N = 4,667) and stratified by 2-11 year olds (n = 2072) and 12-18 year olds (n = 2595). Results showed that the food sources are predominantly foods that are low in dietary fiber, but are consumed at high levels. In 2-18 year old plausible reporters, the risk for overweight/obesity decreased by 17% from children in the medium tertile of fiber density intake compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.83, P value = 0.043) and by 21% between the highest compared to the lowest tertile (OR = 0.79, P value = 0.031). There was a protective effect of being in the medium tertile of dietary fiber density (OR = 0.68, P value <0.001) on impaired glucose metabolism. These results indicate a beneficial effect of higher fiber density in children's diets. PMID:22957219

  2. Mesenteric desmoid-type fibromatosis causing secondary hypertension in a young woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Mi-Seon; Jung, Myung-Chul; Kim, Yong-Bong

    2014-01-01

    This report describes an 18-year-old woman presenting with abdominal distension, left flank pain, and hypertension. She had a huge abdominal mass, diagnosed as a mesenteric desmoid-type fibromatosis, causing compression of the left external iliac vessels and ureter, as well as elevated renin concentration and hypertension. After surgical removal of the mass, all signs improved including hypertension. PMID:25264535

  3. Metastatic Colon Cancer in an 18-Year-Old without Predisposing Factors

    PubMed Central

    Mirchandani, Divya; Kulpa, Jolanta; Khawar, Nayaab; Kochin, Israel; Narula, Pramod; Sundaram, Revathy

    2016-01-01

    While colorectal carcinoma is a common gastrointestinal cancer in adults, it is rare in pediatrics with an incidence of 1 : 1,000,000 and represents a fraction of neoplasms encountered in children. Malignant neoplasms represent a major cause of mortality in the pediatric age group. While presenting with weight loss, iron deficiency, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and change in bowel habits, or symptoms similar to acute appendicitis, the working diagnosis may be considered to be anorexia. This case illustrates the importance of considering colon cancer among other disease entities as a cause of unintentional weight loss in adolescents. While this is a rare occurrence in the pediatric population, significant unintentional weight loss with altered bowel habits should prompt a search for underlying malignancy—even in the absence of a positive family history or predisposing cancer syndromes. PMID:27110420

  4. Obstructive sleep disordered breathing in 2- to 18-year-old children: diagnosis and management.

    PubMed

    Kaditis, Athanasios G; Alonso Alvarez, Maria Luz; Boudewyns, An; Alexopoulos, Emmanouel I; Ersu, Refika; Joosten, Koen; Larramona, Helena; Miano, Silvia; Narang, Indra; Trang, Ha; Tsaoussoglou, Marina; Vandenbussche, Nele; Villa, Maria Pia; Van Waardenburg, Dick; Weber, Silke; Verhulst, Stijn

    2016-01-01

    This document summarises the conclusions of a European Respiratory Society Task Force on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in childhood and refers to children aged 2-18 years. Prospective cohort studies describing the natural history of SDB or randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials regarding its management are scarce. Selected evidence (362 articles) can be consolidated into seven management steps. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are present (step 1). Central nervous or cardiovascular system morbidity, growth failure or enuresis and predictors of SDB persistence in the long-term are recognised (steps 2 and 3), and SDB severity is determined objectively preferably using polysomnography (step 4). Children with an apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) >5 episodes·h(-1), those with an AHI of 1-5 episodes·h(-1) and the presence of morbidity or factors predicting SDB persistence, and children with complex conditions (e.g. Down syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome) all appear to benefit from treatment (step 5). Treatment interventions are usually implemented in a stepwise fashion addressing all abnormalities that predispose to SDB (step 6) with re-evaluation after each intervention to detect residual disease and to determine the need for additional treatment (step 7). PMID:26541535

  5. Reasoning about variables in 11 to 18 year olds: informal, schooled and formal expression in learning about functions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ayalon, Michal; Watson, Anne; Lerman, Steve

    2016-05-01

    This study examines expressions of reasoning by some higher achieving 11 to 18 year-old English students responding to a survey consisting of function tasks developed in collaboration with their teachers. We report on 70 students, 10 from each of English years 7-13. Iterative and comparative analysis identified capabilities and difficulties of students and suggested conjectures concerning links between the affordances of the tasks, the curriculum, and students' responses. The paper focuses on five of the survey tasks and highlights connections between informal and formal expressions of reasoning about variables in learning. We introduce the notion of `schooled' expressions of reasoning, neither formal nor informal, to emphasise the role of the formatting tools introduced in school that shape future understanding and reasoning.

  6. The use of ethical frameworks by students following a new science course for 16 18 year-olds

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reiss, Michael

    2008-09-01

    There has been a move in recent years towards the greater inclusion of social and ethical issues within science courses. This paper examines a new context-based course for 16 18 year-olds (Salters-Nuffield Advanced Biology) who are studying biology in England and Wales. The course is taught through contexts and has an emphasis on social issues and the development of ethical reasoning. Examination of a sample of reports written by students in 2005 as part of the course’s summative assessment shows that utilitarian ethical reasoning is used widely and that the other ethical frameworks to which students are introduced in the course—rights and duties, autonomy and virtue ethics—are used substantially less often. In addition, students mostly argue anthropocentrically though many of them argue ecocentrically and/or biocentrically too.

  7. A woman with GN presenting during pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Hou, Susan

    2013-06-01

    The combination of kidney disease and pregnancy has long been recognized as a high-risk situation. When renal disease is recognized for the first time during pregnancy, it presents unique problems for both the obstetric and the renal teams. Particularly difficult can be distinguishing preeclampsia from preexisting kidney disease in women presenting for the first time with hypertension, proteinuria, and reduced GFR during pregnancy. Decision-making regarding performing a kidney biopsy and treatment of glomerular disease during pregnancy is often much more complicated by safety concerns for both the mother and the developing fetus. PMID:23184566

  8. The national vocational education plan for unqualified young people (16?18 years old): The French experience (1982?1984)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colardyn, Danielle; Malglaive, Gerard

    1986-12-01

    In 1982, the French Government instituted a new National Vocational Education Plan (NVEP) to combat the nationwide problem of students leaving the school system prior to receiving adequate vocational preparation. This plan affects 100,000 young people between the ages of 16 and 18 years. The NVEP gave to each Regional Government the opportunity to create its own programmes and curricula; it renewed counselling and individual assessment facilities; it established new tracks within the education system; it also established co-operative education (linking education to the world of work). Concurrently, an Assessment and Observation System was created. During the first assessment year (1982-1983), information was gathered about existing local educational resources, counselling facilities, characteristics of the 16 to 18 year-old population, functioning of the educational tracks and co-operative education system. During the second year (1983-1984), the assessment provided quantitative statistical results. The most striking result concerns the configurations of educational and employment experiences which seemed to determine the ability of students to find employment. Students with a background of `job intensive experiences' were more successful in finding subsequent employment than those without. Students with `education intensive experiences' entered an educational programme because they were unable to find a first job. While the benefits of the NVEP were not immediately apparent, it nevertheless became evident that at this level of training, education was not necessarily the royal road to employment. However, employment criteria cannot be the only way to assess a vocational education system.

  9. Examination of the Relationship between Internet Attitudes and Internet Addictions of 13-18-Year-Old Students: The Case of Kahramanmaras

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ilhan, Aziz; Çelik, H. Coskun; Gemcioglu, Muharrem; Çiftaslan, Malik Ejder

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to determine internet attitudes and internet addiction levels of 13-18-year-old students and examine the relationship between these variables. The "internet attitude scale", developed by Tavsancil and Keser (2002) and the "internet addiction scale", developed by Hahn and Jerusalem and adapted into Turkish by…

  10. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

  11. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Büyüköztürk, Sener; Akgün, Özcan Erkan; Çakmak, Ebru Kiliç; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language,…

  12. Establishing cross-sectional curves for height, weight, body mass index and waist circumference for 4- to 18-year-old Greek children, using the Lambda Mu and Sigma (LMS) statistical method

    PubMed Central

    Tambalis, K D; Panagiotakos, D B; Arnaoutis, G; Psarra, G; Maraki, M; Mourtakos, S; Grigorakis, D; Sidossis, L S

    2015-01-01

    Background We sought to establish cross-sectional curves for body weight, height, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference for 4- to 18-year-old Greek boys and girls, using the empirical distribution and the Lambda Mu and Sigma (LMS) statistical method. Methods From March 2014 to May 2014, a total of 473,837 boys and girls aged 4 to 18 years who attended school in Greece were enrolled. The studied sample was representative, in terms of age-sex distribution and geographical region. Anthropometric indices measurements (i.e., height, weight and waist circumference) were performed and BMI was calculated and used to calculate normative values, using the percentiles of the empirical distributions and the LMS method. Results Updated growth references for 4- to 18-year-old Greek children tabulated as critical percentiles and LMS values from 3 to 97 (P3, P10, P25, P50, P75, P90, P97) and smoothed curves are presented. Positive secular trends of height, weight and waist circumference were observed in children and adolescents 4 to 18 years old (all p values <0.001). At all ages, boys had higher anthropometric measurements than girls (all p values <0.01). Compared to 1998 data, mean height and weight were greater in 2014 for boys and girls at all ages. Conclusion Current national percentile curves for anthropometric indices could provide a more accurate estimation to assess physical growth in Greek children and adolescents. Hippokratia 2015; 19 (3): 239-248. PMID:27418784

  13. Males Have Greater "g": Sex Differences in General Mental Ability from 100,000 17- to 18-Year-Olds on the Scholastic Assessment Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Douglas N.; Rushton, J. Philippe

    2006-01-01

    In this study we found that 17- to 18-year old males averaged 3.63 IQ points higher than did their female counterparts on the 1991 Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT). We analysed 145 item responses from 46,509 males and 56,007 females (total N = 102,516) using a principal components procedure. We found (1) the "g" factor underlies both the SAT…

  14. The Development of Dynamic Facial Expression Recognition at Different Intensities in 4- to 18-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montirosso, Rosario; Peverelli, Milena; Frigerio, Elisa; Crespi, Monica; Borgatti, Renato

    2010-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to examine the effect of the intensity of emotion expression on children's developing ability to label emotion during a dynamic presentation of five facial expressions (anger, disgust, fear, happiness, and sadness). A computerized task (AFFECT--animated full facial expression comprehension test) was used to…

  15. Surviving Your Adolescents: How To Manage and Let Go of Your 13-18 Year Olds. Revised 2nd Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelan, Thomas W.

    Noting that parents raising adolescents need to know when to be quiet and when to act, as well as what to do when something needs to be done, this guide for parents offers guidelines for handling the complex situations and dilemmas that teenagers often present. Topics covered include managing teenage risk-taking, the relationship between…

  16. Hyaluronic acid used for the correction of nasal deviation in an 18-year-old Middle Eastern man.

    PubMed

    Piggott, J R; Yazdani, A

    2011-01-01

    The use of fillers for nonsurgical rhinoplasty has advanced in both materials and methods, and continues to gain popularity in North America. This technique is most often used for secondary revisions, although reports of fillers used in primary rhinoplasty in selected patients have been recently described. The present report details the use of a hyaluronic acid dermal filler in a young Middle Eastern man for a post-traumatic crooked nose deformity. Primary correction of the patient's right-sided nasal bone deviation using hyaluronic acid as a soft tissue filler was achieved with excellent results and patient satisfaction. The current use of fillers in nasal contouring is reviewed. PMID:23204891

  17. Medullary breast carcinoma in an 18-year-old female: report on one case diagnosed on fine-needle cytology sample.

    PubMed

    Galzerano, Antonio; Rocco, Nicola; Accurso, Antonello; Ciancia, Giuseppe; Campanile, Anna Cipolletta; Caccavello, Ferdinando; Fulciniti, Franco

    2014-05-01

    Medullary breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare epithelial malignancy of the breast accounting for about 1-7% of all breast carcinomas. It is characterized by well-defined borders, a syncytial/solid pattern of growth of high grade atypical cells showing no glandular differentiation and a massive diffuse lympho-plasmacytic peritumoral infiltrate. Despite the high-grade atypias characterizing this neoplasm, MBC has been reported to have a better prognosis when compared with the common infiltrating duct carcinoma. MBCs typically lack estrogen and progesterone receptor (ER and PgR) expression and have a low incidence of ERBB2 overexpression. Genetically, they are often associated with BRCA-1 oncogene mutations and TP53 alterations. While MBC generally occurs in middle-aged women, ranging from 45 to 52 years of age, we report the case of a 18-year-old female patient which was diagnosed by means of fine-needle cytology sample. PMID:23341107

  18. [Risk factors for the consumption of illegal drugs. Study in 1904 18-year-old boys in the city of Buenos Aires].

    PubMed

    Alvarez, A

    1996-01-01

    During September 1988 an anonymous, self-administered survey was carried out among a random sample of 18-year-old boys living in Buenos Aires city. The characteristics of 232 boys who reported illegal drug usage during the previous year were compared against those of the 1672 who denied drug consumption during that period. Forward stepwise multiple logistic regression analysis showed strong association between drug use and drug consumption by friends (OR 18.6) or brother/sister (OR 4.3), and consumption of tobacco or alcohol (OR 4.5 and 4.2 respectively). Results show different characteristics that can facilitate the primary care physicians' task of prevention and diagnosis of drug consumption in his/her patients. PMID:8734926

  19. A case of an 18-year-old male rugby union forward with a C5/C6 central disc herniation.

    PubMed

    Broughton, Henare Renata

    2009-01-01

    The patient was an 18-year-old front row forward rugby player who had a history of episodic neck pain for over 2 years following playing games of rugby. The initial event of April 2005 for which the symptoms manifested was a scrum collapse; he continued playing until a front-on tackle occurred when the symptoms dictated that he leave the field and be taken to the local hospital. A diagnosis of a cervical sprain was made and conservative management ensued. During the selections held on January 2008, a medical assessment was made and an MRI found that he had a central disc herniation at C5/C6. He was referred to a spinal orthopaedic surgeon for further treatment. The risks to cervical spinal injuries are illustrated in this case, in a scrum and in the tackle. The prevention of such an injury is discussed. PMID:21686741

  20. Nodular Fasciitis of the Chest in a Young Woman

    PubMed Central

    Seo, Hong Joo; Ryu, Sang Wan; Lee, Mi Ja; Kim, Dong Hun; Kim, Hyung Ho

    2016-01-01

    Nodular fasciitis is a benign reactive proliferation that usually involves the deep fascia. Although it is relatively common in the adult population, it is often misdiagnosed as sarcoma due to its rapid growth and pathological features. It rarely presents as a chest wall tumor in young patients. Here, we report a case of nodular fasciitis involving the chest wall of an 18-year-old woman and its surgical management. This case underscores the need to consider nodular fasciitis in the differential diagnosis of chest wall tumors in young patients. PMID:26889452

  1. Community-based interventions for enhancing access to or consumption of fruit and vegetables among five to 18-year olds: a scoping review

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Low fruit and vegetable ( FV) consumption is a key risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Consumption of FV is limited by a lack of access to FV. Enhanced understanding of interventions and their impact on both access to and consumption of FV can provide guidance to public health decision-makers. The purpose of this scoping review is to identify and map literature that has evaluated effects of community-based interventions designed to increase FV access or consumption among five to 18-year olds. Methods The search included 21 electronic bibliographic databases, grey literature, targeted organization websites, and 15 key journals for relevant studies published up to May 2011. Retrieved citations were screened in duplicate for relevance. Data extracted from included studies covered: year, country, study design, target audience, intervention setting, intervention strategies, interventionists, and reported outcomes. Results The search located 19,607 unique citations. Full text relevance screening was conducted on 1,908 studies. The final 289 unique studies included 30 knowledge syntheses, 27 randomized controlled trials, 55 quasi-experimental studies, 113 cluster controlled studies, 60 before-after studies, one mixed method study, and three controlled time series studies. Of these studies, 46 included access outcomes and 278 included consumption outcomes. In terms of target population, 110 studies focused on five to seven year olds, 175 targeted eight to 10 year olds, 192 targeted 11 to 14 year olds, 73 targeted 15 to 18 year olds, 55 targeted parents, and 30 targeted teachers, other service providers, or the general public. The most common intervention locations included schools, communities or community centres, and homes. Most studies implemented multi-faceted intervention strategies to increase FV access or consumption. Conclusions While consumption measures were commonly reported, this review identified a small yet important subset of literature

  2. Letter: Factitial dermatitis: an unusual presentation in an old woman.

    PubMed

    Maio, Paula; Santos, Raquel; Cardoso, Jorge

    2012-01-01

    The importance of emotional factors in dermatological disorders has been recognized for several decades. However, very few reports have been published to date about the diagnosis and management of these disorders. A 78-year-old woman came to our department with 3 months evolution of a symmetrically distributed dermatosis involving only the face. It was characterized by multiple erosions, some of which had slightly geometrical shapes. We report an unusual case of late onset dermatitis artefacta with a rare successful outcome. PMID:22559025

  3. The role of a sexual health promotion leaflet for 15-18 year olds in catalysing conversations: A constructivist grounded theory.

    PubMed

    Hoare, Karen J; Decker, Eve

    2016-01-01

    Following the summer holidays of 2011, twelve girls returned to school pregnant in one high school in Auckland New Zealand (NZ). A health promotion leaflet that folded into.a small square containing a condom and was dubbed the 'teabag' was distributed to 15-18 year olds prior to the summer holiday of 2012, in order to increase their sexual health knowledge. This paper reports on the evaluation of the teabag from the students' perspective. During the first term of 2013, seventeen students from two high schools who had received the teabag were interviewed. Five were male and twelve female. Most (16) were of Pacific Island or Maori (indigenous New Zealanders) descent. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, coded and categorised concurrently, in accordance with grounded theory methods. Theoretical sampling was employed and students who had perceptions of the teabag, that were consistent with evolving constructions from data, were invited by school nurses to be interviewed by the researchers. Interviews were coded line by line by two researchers and these codes collapsed into seven focussed codes. Further analysis resulted in the codes being subsumed into three main categories. These categories revealed that the teabag was, helpful, appropriate and became a talking point. The grounded theory and basic social process the researchers constructed from data were that the teabag catalysed conversations about sexual health. The teabag was an acceptable and appropriate sexual health promotion tool to disseminate information about sexual health. PMID:27188034

  4. Revised Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2015 growth charts for height, weight and body mass index for 5-18-year-old Indian children.

    PubMed

    Khadilkar, Vaman V; Khadilkar, Anuradha V

    2015-01-01

    Growth chart committee of Indian Academy of Pediatrics (IAP) has revised growth charts for 5-18-year-old Indian children in Jan 2015. The last IAP growth charts (2007) were based on data collected in 1989-92 which is now >2 decades old. India is in an economic and nutrition transition and hence growth pattern of Indian children has changed over last few years. Thus, it was necessary to produce contemporary, updated growth references for Indian children. The new IAP charts were prepared by collating data from nine groups who had published studies in indexed journals on growth from India in the last decade. Growth charts were constructed from a total of 87022 middle and upper socioeconomic class children (m 54086, f 32936) from all five zones of India. Data from middle and upper socioeconomic class children are likely to have higher prevalence of overweight and obesity and hence growth charts produced on such populations are likely to "normalize" obesity. To remove such unhealthy weights form the data, method suggested by World Health Organization was used to produce weight charts. Thus, the new IAP weight charts are much lower than the recently published studies on affluent Indian children. Since Indian's are at a higher risk of obesity-related cardiometabolic complications at lower body mass index (BMI), BMI charts adjusted for 23, and 27 adult equivalent cut-offs as per International obesity task force guidelines were constructed. IAP now recommends use of these new charts to replace the 2007 IAP charts. PMID:26180761

  5. An Unexpected Presentation of Haemoperitoneum in a Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Arulpragasam, Kaushalya; Atkinson, Andrea; Epee-Bekima, Mathias

    2015-01-01

    In the majority of tertiary centres the Emergency Room or Assessment Unit is the gateway to the rest of the hospital. It is the location where critical decisions are formulated depending on whether a patient's condition is serious enough to warrant admission and, at times, emergency surgery. On occasion this decision can be straightforward based solely on the patient's presentation, observations, and basic investigations. This case highlights that although the decision and initial management may be apparent, often the diagnosis can be unexpected and that the diagnostic challenge is often outside the scope of a brief Emergency Room assessment. Corpus luteal cyst rupture is a common phenomenon but often not the cause of significant morbidity as it was in this case, especially in the absence of any associated risk factors. PMID:25802779

  6. Unusual Presentation of Hypothyroidism in a Pregnant Woman, Mimicking Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasm

    PubMed Central

    Aminimoghaddam, Soheila; Mazloomi, Maryam; Rahimi, Maryam

    2016-01-01

    Hypothyroidism is a common health issue worldwide with varying clinical manifestations. We report a woman who experienced an incomplete abortion and undiagnosed hypothyroidism who was referred to the oncologist with the suspicion of metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (GTN). A 29-year-old woman with incomplete abortion was referred to an oncologist for possible GTN due to persistent active vaginal bleeding, an elevated beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), abnormal cervical inspection exam, abnormal liver function tests, ovarian enlargement, ascites, and a pleural effusion. She was found to have hypothyroidism in further work-up. She was managed with thyroid hormone replacement therapy and her condition improved after 6 weeks. Complete resolution of the ovarian mass and pericardial and pleural effusion was achieved. This case describes an important experience; hypothyroidism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any woman with an incomplete abortion presenting with an ovarian mass. Evaluation and correct diagnosis are important to prevent mismanagement. PMID:27034864

  7. Unusual Presentation of Hypothyroidism in a Pregnant Woman, Mimicking Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasm.

    PubMed

    Aminimoghaddam, Soheila; Karisani, Narmin; Mazloomi, Maryam; Rahimi, Maryam

    2016-01-01

    Hypothyroidism is a common health issue worldwide with varying clinical manifestations. We report a woman who experienced an incomplete abortion and undiagnosed hypothyroidism who was referred to the oncologist with the suspicion of metastatic gestational trophoblastic neoplasm (GTN). A 29-year-old woman with incomplete abortion was referred to an oncologist for possible GTN due to persistent active vaginal bleeding, an elevated beta human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), abnormal cervical inspection exam, abnormal liver function tests, ovarian enlargement, ascites, and a pleural effusion. She was found to have hypothyroidism in further work-up. She was managed with thyroid hormone replacement therapy and her condition improved after 6 weeks. Complete resolution of the ovarian mass and pericardial and pleural effusion was achieved. This case describes an important experience; hypothyroidism should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any woman with an incomplete abortion presenting with an ovarian mass. Evaluation and correct diagnosis are important to prevent mismanagement. PMID:27034864

  8. Reversed Intestinal Rotation Presented as Bowel Obstruction in a Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Schrier, Ilan

    2015-01-01

    A rare case of complete large bowel obstruction in a pregnant woman, without previous surgical history, due to previously undiagnosed reversed intestinal rotation is presented. The young woman was admitted with progressive nausea and vomiting which did not respond to conventional therapy. Her plain abdominal film revealed signs of small bowel obstruction. On laparotomy, her transverse colon was found to be located beneath the root of small bowel mesentery and completely obstructed by congenital fibrous bands. Postoperative recovery was unremarkable. Surgery for this unusual developmental anomaly is discussed. PMID:26075133

  9. Protein S deficiency present in a pregnant woman with dyspnea, abdominal pains, restlessness, agitation and hypofibrinogenemia.

    PubMed

    Umazume, Takeshi; Morikawa, Mamoru; Yamada, Takahiro; Akaishi, Rina; Koyama, Takahiro; Minakami, Hisanori

    2015-04-01

    Hypofibrinogenemia is rare in pulmonary thromboembolism. A pregnant woman with dyspnea, abdominal pain, restlessness, agitation and protein S deficiency exhibited normal blood oxygenation and high D-dimer (370 μg/mL) and undetectable fibrinogen levels in the blood. The pathogenesis responsible for present findings may have some features similar to amniotic fluid embolism. PMID:25914811

  10. Fibroid degeneration in a postmenopausal woman presenting as an acute abdomen

    PubMed Central

    Shrestha, Rajesh; Khanal, Raju; Aryal, Madan Raj; Pathak, Ranjan; Karmacharya, Paras; Naqi, Muniba; Murukutla, Srujitha; Bhatt, Vijaya Raj; Gottesman, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    Uterine fibroid, one of the most common tumors in women, is estrogen dependent, which commonly regresses after menopause. Fibroid degeneration after menopause, therefore, is rare. Here the authors report a case of 56-year-old postmenopausal woman who presented with acute abdominal pain, low grade fever, and leukocytosis as a result of fibroid degeneration. PMID:25656665

  11. Laryngeal Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis Presenting with Neck Mass in an Adult Woman

    PubMed Central

    Jahandideh, Hesam; Nasoori, Yasser; Rostami, Sara; Safdarian, Mahdi

    2016-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a very rare condition that commonly affects the head and neck region. There are very few cases of isolated laryngeal involvement by LCH, mostly reported in pediatric patients. Here, we report a case of laryngeal LCH in a 62-year-old woman presenting with a neck mass several weeks ago. The clinical and histopathological findings are reported with a brief discussion about the disease. PMID:27127670

  12. Tuberculous meningoencephalitis in a pregnant woman presenting 7 years after removal of a cerebral granuloma.

    PubMed

    Liu, C; Christie, L J; Neely, J; Gandhi, M; Jacobs, R A; Bollen, A; Glaser, C A

    2008-03-01

    We describe the unusual case of a young woman with a history of seizures and a granulomatous, likely tuberculous brain lesion that was surgically removed. She had an uneventful recovery without any additional therapy other than anti-epileptics. Seven years later, she presented during pregnancy with culture-confirmed tuberculous meningoencephalitis. This case highlights the spectrum of tuberculous central nervous system disease and the challenges in diagnosis. PMID:18034270

  13. Chronic pulmonary embolism in a young athletic woman

    PubMed Central

    Ball, Timothy C.

    2015-01-01

    Exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) is a common complaint in young athletes. Exercise-induced bronchospasm (EIB) is the most common cause of EID in healthy athletes, but it is important to recognize more serious pathology. Herein we present the case of an 18-year-old woman with a 1.5-year history of EID. She had been treated for EIB without relief. Her arterial oxygen saturation was 88% during exercise testing. Computed tomographic angiography to assess for vascular abnormalities identified a large thrombus in the main pulmonary trunk. Symptoms markedly improved with therapeutic anticoagulation. Massive pulmonary embolus is an exceedingly rare etiology of exertional dyspnea in young athletes. Hypoxemia during exercise testing was an important clue that something more ominous was lurking that required definitive diagnosis. PMID:26130894

  14. Ovarian large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma in the youngest woman.

    PubMed

    Kwon, Y S; Im, K S; Choi, D I

    2016-01-01

    Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNC) of the ovary is a rare tumor in gynecologic oncologic field. An 18-year-old woman presented with abdominal distention and a pelvic mass measuring ten cm in diameter, who previously underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy due to large borderline mucinous ovarian neoplasm 18 months prior. A debulking operation was optimally performed, which included total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection, bilateral paraaortic lymph node dissection, omentectomy, optimal debulking of gastrohepatic mass and subdiaphragmatic mass, and pelvic peritonectomy. Despite adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin, the patient died of progressive disease seven months after surgery. The authors report the youngest case of LCNC of the ovary, that failed chemotherapy and had the previous history of the conservative surgical treatment due to mucinous borderline tumor. PMID:27172753

  15. Motor Impulsivity during Childhood and Adolescence: A Longitudinal Biometric Analysis of the Go/No-Go Task in 9- to 18-Year-Old Twins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bezdjian, Serena; Tuvblad, Catherine; Wang, Pan; Raine, Adrian; Baker, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated genetic and environmental effects on motor impulsivity from childhood to late adolescence using a longitudinal sample of twins from ages 9 to 18 years. Motor impulsivity was assessed using errors of commission (no-go errors) in a visual go/no-go task at 4 time points: ages 9-10, 11-13, 14-15, and 16-18 years.…

  16. Uncommon constellation of multiglandular deficiency with 2 mutations in AIRE gene in an 18-year-old girl - 12 years of observation.

    PubMed

    Barg, Ewa; Skarżynska, Małgorzata; Pollak, Agnieszka; Ślęzak, Ryszard; Głąb, Ewa; Petriczko, Elżbieta; Józwa, Anita; Sąsiadek, Maria M

    2014-01-01

    Autoimmune polyglandular syndromes (APS) consist of a variety of endocrine and non-endocrine disorders. The syndromes are complex and their occurrence in life does not follow any pattern. Early detection of such disorders may prevent many serious clinical consequences which are usually a result of delayed diagnosis. We present the case of a female patient whose clinical symptoms very strongly suggested APS, however neither autoimmune background except elevated anti-thyroid peroxidase and anti-thyroglobulin antibodies of multiglandular deficiency, nor critical mutations in the AIRE gene have been confirmed or detected, yet we identified five polymorphisms and two mutations in exon1 of gene AIRE during 12 years of observation and treatment. PMID:25554620

  17. Physical fitness normative values for 6-18-year-old Greek boys and girls, using the empirical distribution and the lambda, mu, and sigma statistical method.

    PubMed

    Tambalis, Konstantinos D; Panagiotakos, Demosthenes B; Psarra, Glykeria; Daskalakis, Stelios; Kavouras, Stavros A; Geladas, Nickos; Tokmakidis, Savas; Sidossis, Labros S

    2016-09-01

    The aim of the this study was to establish age- and gender-specific physical fitness normative values and to compare percentiles and Z scores values in a large, nationwide sample of Greek children aged 6-18 years. From March 2014 to May 2014, a total of 424,328 boys and girls aged 6-18 years who attended school in Greece were enrolled. The studied sample was representative, in terms of age-sex distribution and geographical region. Physical fitness tests (i.e. 20 m shuttle run test (SRT), standing long jump, sit and reach, sit-ups, and 10 × 5 m SRT) were performed and used to calculate normative values, using the percentiles of the empirical distributions and the lambda, mu, and sigma statistical method. Normative values were presented as tabulated percentiles for five health-related fitness tests based on a large data set comprising 424,328 test performances. Boys typically scored higher than girls on cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and speed/agility, but lower on flexibility (all p values <0.001). Older boys and girls had better performances than younger ones (p < 0.001). Physical fitness tests' performances tended to peak at around the age of 15 years in both sexes. The presented population-based data are the most up-to-date sex- and age-values for the health-related fitness of children and adolescents in Greece and can be used as standard values for fitness screening and surveillance systems and for comparisons among the same health-related fitness scores of children from other countries similar to Greece. Schools need to make efforts to improve the fitness level of the schoolchildren through the physical education curriculum to prevent cardiovascular risk. PMID:26402318

  18. Motor Impulsivity During Childhood and Adolescence: A Longitudinal Biometric Analysis of the Go/No-Go Task in 9- to 18-Year-Old Twins

    PubMed Central

    Bezdjian, Serena; Tuvblad, Catherine; Wang, Pan; Raine, Adrian; Baker, Laura A.

    2015-01-01

    In the present study, we investigated genetic and environmental effects on motor impulsivity from childhood to late adolescence using a longitudinal sample of twins from ages 9 to 18 years. Motor impulsivity was assessed using errors of commission (no-go errors) in a visual go/no-go task at 4 time points: ages 9–10, 11–13, 14–15, and 16–18 years. Significant genetic and nonshared environmental effects on motor impulsivity were found at each of the 4 waves of assessment with genetic factors explaining 22%–41% of the variance within each of the 4 waves. Phenotypically, children’s average performance improved across age (i.e., fewer no-go errors during later assessments). Multivariate biometric analyses revealed that common genetic factors influenced 12%–40% of the variance in motor impulsivity across development, whereas nonshared environmental factors common to all time points contributed to 2%–52% of the variance. Nonshared environmental influences specific to each time point also significantly influenced motor impulsivity. Overall, results demonstrated that although genetic factors were critical to motor impulsivity across development, both common and specific nonshared environmental factors played a strong role in the development of motor impulsivity across age. PMID:25347305

  19. Extralobar Pulmonary Sequestration Presenting with Recurring Massive Pleural Effusion in a Young Woman: A Challenging Case.

    PubMed

    Davoli, Fabio; Turello, Davide; Valente, Guido; Rena, Ottavio; Roncon, Alberto; Baietto, Guido; Casadio, Caterina

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of extralobar pulmonary sequestration (ELS) in a young woman, presenting with right recurring massive pleural effusion. The patient initially underwent a diagnostic Video Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) for a suspected diffuse malignancy. After the aspiration of the pleural effusion we observed a highly vascularised cystic mass, with its origin from the right lower lobe. As we tried to retract the right lower lobe, the mass broke with massive bleeding requiring emergency right lateral thoracotomy. The mass was succesfully excised, resembling an extra-lobar pulmonary sequestration. The patient was discharged on post-operative day 5. PMID:26546093

  20. Extragonadal germ cell tumor presenting in a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction Germ cell tumor of the pituitary gland is a very rare occurrence. Case presentation We describe the case of a 28-year-old Malaysian Malay woman with lupus nephritis who complained of a three month headache and blurring of vision. She was found to have a pituitary mass, which was later proven to be a germ cell tumor. As of writing this case report, her disease is in remission. Conclusion The disruption of the pituitary gonad axis could affect the disease activity by reducing immunoregulatory control. PMID:20338049

  1. Gastrointestinal manifestations as initial presenting features in a 40 years old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Q M; Arafat, S M; Azad, A K; Chowdhury, M J; Hasan, M K; Ahmed, F; Ananna, M A

    2015-01-01

    Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). These symptoms can be due to primary GI disorders like peptic ulcer disease, pancreatitis or intestinal obstruction. But they can be due to SLE itself or complications of treatment of SLE. In this case report, we describe a 40 years old woman who presented initially with GI complaints. Later she was diagnosed as a case of SLE with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO). The problems related to diagnosis and management is also discussed. PMID:25725689

  2. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum: a rare presentation of diabetic ketoacidosis in a pregnant woman

    PubMed Central

    Speksnijder, Leonie; Duvekot, Johannes J; Duschek, Erik J J; Jebbink, Max C W; Bremer, Henk A

    2010-01-01

    Pneumomediastinum (PM) or mediastinal emphysema is defined as the presence of free air around mediastinal structures. Spontaneous (or atraumatic) pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare complication during pregnancy. Primary or spontaneous PM can arise due to increased intra-alveolar pressure. Secondary PM is due to direct trauma, intrathoracic infections or violation of the aerodigestive track. This case report describes a pregnant woman newly diagnosed with diabetes presenting with an SPM due to vigorously vomiting and Kussmaul's breathing caused by diabetic ketoacidosis. Appropriate management of SPM and its underlying cause is required to reduce the risks for both mother and child.

  3. Pelvic Castleman's disease presenting as an adnexal tumor in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jisun; Paek, Jiheum; Lee, Yong Hee; Kong, Tae Wook; Chang, Suk-Joon; Ryu, Hee-Sug

    2015-07-01

    Castleman's disease (CD) is a rare benign disorder of unknown etiology characterized by proliferation of lymphoid tissues. Seventy percent of this tumor occurs in the mediastinum and it is seldom found in neck, pancreas or pelvis. We report a case of asymptomatic pelvic CD initially presenting as an adnexal tumor in a 27-year-old woman. Initial transvaginal sonography revealed 7-cm-sized hyperechoic mass adjacent to the right ovary and the following abdominal computed tomography scanning showed the same sized mass located on the right extraperitoneal pelvic cavity. Laparoscopic mass excision was performed without any complication and pathological diagnosis was made as CD. CD should be included in the differential diagnosis of female pelvic masses which are noted in the pelvic cavity. In this report, we review the clinicopathological findings in a presentation of CD. PMID:26217605

  4. Fatal metastatic cystosarcoma phylloides in a young woman. Report of a case.

    PubMed

    Ngala Kenda, J F

    1983-07-01

    A fatal metastatic cystosarcoma phylloides occurred in an 18-year-old woman. The rapid increase in the tumor size and the histologic pattern shifting to an entirely sarcomatous growth contrasted with the maintenance of good general condition for several months. The hazards of conservative surgery in developing countries are discussed in the framework of this rare case in this age group. PMID:6305310

  5. Examination of the Five Comparable Component Scores of the Diet Quality Indexes HEI-2005 and RC-DQI Using a Nationally Representative Sample of 2–18 Year Old Children: NHANES 2003–2006

    PubMed Central

    Kranz, Sibylle; McCabe, George P.

    2013-01-01

    Obesity has been associated with low diet quality and the suboptimal intake of food groups and nutrients. Two composite diet quality measurement tools are appropriate for Americans 2–18 years old: the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) 2005 and the Revised Children's Diet Quality Index (RC-DQI). The five components included in both indexes are fruits, vegetables, total grains, whole grains, and milk/dairy. Component scores ranged from 0 to 5 or 0 to 10 points with lower scores indicating suboptimal intake. To allow direct comparisons, one component was rescaled by dividing it by 2; then, all components ranged from 0 to 5 points. The aim of this study was to directly compare the scoring results of these five components using dietary data from a nationally representative sample of children (NHANES 2003–2006, N = 5,936). Correlation coefficients within and between indexes showed less internal consistency in the HEI; age- and ethnic-group stratified analyses indicated higher sensitivity of the RC-DQI. HEI scoring was likely to dichotomize the population into two groups (those with 0 and those with 5 points), while RC-DQI scores resulted in a larger distribution of scores. The scoring scheme of diet quality indexes for children results in great variation of the outcomes, and researchers must be aware of those effects. PMID:24163762

  6. Woman presenting with chronic iron deficiency anemia associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Stross, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Background Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is an autosomal dominant disorder associated with frequent nose bleeds that can be troublesome and difficult to contain. A further manifestation is telangiectasia, which may develop in the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract. The associated blood loss can be chronic, resulting in iron deficiency anemia which, when severe, has historically been treated by blood transfusions. Further pulmonary, neurologic, and hepatic complications may appear in later life, and are well documented. Administering blood transfusions requires provision, storage, and serological testing to select suitable units. Recognition of the inherent potential risks of donated blood, the expense, and the concerns regarding blood supply, has resulted in a national policy for conservation and appropriate use of blood. For an individual patient, there may be development of alloantibodies which complicates future cross-matching for transfusions. Case report SG is a 66-year-old Caucasian woman who first presented to our hematology department in 2003, having just moved to the area. She had suffered with nose bleeds since her teenage years and presented with a low hemoglobin level and symptoms of iron deficiency anemia. Medical and nonmedical interventions failed to arrest the blood loss, which had not been massive or associated with hypovolemic shock. Pursuant to conserving blood supplies, and based on experience of patients with other causes of iron deficiency anemia, a regimen of high-dose iron supplementation was adopted. The aim was to sustain iron stores as a substrate for erythropoiesis and thereby achieve adequate hemoglobin levels whilst minimizing the need for blood transfusion. Discussion This approach has maintained the patient’s hemoglobin levels at 6.4–11.6 g/dL over a period of 9 years. Until the time of writing in 2011, the maximum number of blood transfusions she has received in a year has been six, albeit there has been a steady

  7. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer presenting as metastatic kidney cancer at 18 years of age: implications for surveillance.

    PubMed

    van Spaendonck-Zwarts, Karin Y; Badeloe, Sadhanna; Oosting, Sjoukje F; Hovenga, Sjoerd; Semmelink, Harry J F; van Moorselaar, R Jeroen A; van Waesberghe, Jan Hein; Mensenkamp, Arjen R; Menko, Fred H

    2012-03-01

    Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by skin piloleiomyomas, uterine leiomyomas and papillary type 2 renal cancer caused by germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase (FH) gene. Previously, we proposed renal imaging for FH mutation carriers starting at the age of 20 years. However, recently an 18-year-old woman from a Dutch family with HLRCC presented with metastatic renal cancer. We describe the patient and family data, evaluate current evidence on renal cancer risk and surveillance in HLRCC and consider the advantages and disadvantages of starting surveillance for renal cancer in childhood. We also discuss the targeted therapies administered to our patient. PMID:22086304

  8. Unusual Presentation of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma in a Young Woman

    PubMed Central

    França, Diurianne CC; Monti, Lira M; de Castro, Alvimar L; Soubhia, Ana MP; Volpato, Luiz ER; de Aguiar, Sandra MHC Á; Goiato, Marcelo C

    2012-01-01

    Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common oral malignant neoplasm, mainly affecting individuals over 50 years old with a history of tobacco and alcohol use. The occurrence of this oral cancer in individuals under 40 years old is unusual and, when it does occur, shows a weaker relation to those risk factors and a more aggressive clinical course. Due to the paucity of reports in this population, it is difficult to prove its increasing trend. A case of oral squamous cell carcinoma in a 39-year-old woman with no history of tobacco or alcohol use is reported. Clinical and histopathological findings, aetiology, and treatment are discussed. The increasing trend of oral squamous cell carcinoma in young women without known risk factors highlights the need for clinicians to be prepared to diagnose this lesion quickly and precisely, providing a better prognosis, chance of survival, and quality of life for the patient. PMID:22548144

  9. Late-onset presentation of ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency in a young woman with hyperammonemic coma.

    PubMed

    Gaspari, Rita; Arcangeli, Andrea; Mensi, Sonia; Wismayer, Denise Schembri; Tartaglione, Tommaso; Antuzzi, Daniela; Conti, Giorgio; Proietti, Rodolfo

    2003-01-01

    Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is an X-linked inherited disease and the most common inborn error in urea synthesis in human patients. In adult heterozygous patients, OTCD can be responsible for life-threatening hyperammonemic coma. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman admitted to our hospital with seizures after a recent high protein load. Her parents related a history of recurrent episodes of vomiting, meat refusal, lethargy, and convulsions since childhood, and measurement of plasma ammonemia levels was the key to early diagnosis of OTCD. We report the pathophysiologic characteristics, clinical features, clinical course, and differential diagnosis of OTCD and discuss the therapeutic options, including continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration and pharmacologic therapy for reduction of plasma ammonemia levels. A diagnosis of OTCD should be considered in adult nonhepatic patients with hyperammonemic coma, particularly if they have a history of protein avoidance and neurologic symptoms. Early recognition and appropriate treatment are critical to avoid severe brain damage and death. PMID:12514690

  10. High-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma presenting in a 28-year-old woman during pregnancy: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Introduction To the best of our knowledge, soft tissue sarcomas have not prevously been reported as a complication during pregnancy. Case presentation A 28-year-old Caucasian woman was diagnosed with a transperitoneal sarcoma during pregnancy. Morphological, immunohistochemical, chromosomal and mutational analyses pointed towards a high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma. Although surgery and chemotherapy are possible during pregnancy, we were unable to perform these in this case. Conclusion The potential to treat gynecological cancer during pregnancy should always be assessed individually. PMID:20684773

  11. "Embracing the present and fearing the future": the meaning of being an oldest old woman in a rural area.

    PubMed

    Ness, Tove M; Hellzen, Ove; Enmarker, Ingela

    2014-01-01

    In Western countries, the number of older people receiving home nursing care is increasing, and in rural areas they are at additional risk because of the distance between people and health care facilities. The aim of this study was therefore to illuminate the meaning of being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area and receiving home nursing care. A sample of 11 oldest old women living in rural areas in the middle of Norway was chosen for this study. Narrative interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. After a naïve reading and a structural analysis of the text, we identified four themes: being satisfied with life, being thankful, feeling vulnerable, and feeling secure. The comprehensive understanding implied that being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area meant living in the intersection between embracing the present in solitude and fearing the future with additional declining health. Living in this complex situation meant to enjoy the present, but still fear the future, as the oldest old women knew their present life situations were limited. This challenging emotional situation meant using their inner strength by trying to be optimistic and seeing opportunities in present life, even if losses were many and extensive. By using their inner strength in facing losses and declining health, the oldest old women managed to appreciate aloneness as solitude, and find new meaning in life. PMID:25361532

  12. Burning Tongue as Initial Presentation of Celiac Disease in an Elderly Woman: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Sherman, Andrea; Zamulko, Alla

    2016-06-01

    There are few reports in the literature where celiac disease presents with tongue manifestations, although atypical presentations of celiac disease are not uncommon. This case report highlights an atypical presentation of celiac disease in an elderly female. Our patient presented to clinic with complaints of a burning tongue for the past two years as well as occasional loose stools and fatigue. Work-up revealed iron deficiency anemia, zinc deficiency and an abnormal celiac panel. Complete symptom improvement was noted by 10 weeks into the initiation of a gluten free diet. Celiac disease can present at any age and should be considered as a differential in findings of malabsorption and gastrointestinal symptoms. PMID:27443108

  13. A 26-Year-Old Woman With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Presenting With Orthopnea and Restrictive Lung Impairment.

    PubMed

    Panchabhai, Tanmay S; Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Highland, Kristin B; Chaisson, Neal F; Aboussouan, Loutfi S

    2016-01-01

    A 26-year-old white woman diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presented with left shoulder pain and a three-pillow orthopnea. Lupus was diagnosed at age 21 years when she developed arthritis, and she has been maintained on prednisone (2.5 mg) and mycophenolate (500 mg bid). In the course of evaluating her new symptoms, imaging revealed a small left pleural effusion with exudative characteristics on a diagnostic thoracentesis, but there was no evidence of infection. Her immunosuppression treatment was increased to 1,000 mg bid of mycophenolate and 20 mg of prednisone. Three months later, she presented to our clinic with worsening six-pillow orthopnea, such that she usually slept with 45° truncal elevation on a recliner at night. She was unable to lie flat. Her dyspnea was worse in the mornings, and she described having to "gasp" for air. PMID:26757303

  14. A leukemic presentation of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma in a 52-year-old woman without an identifiable primary tumor.

    PubMed

    Kern, Jason B; Hii, Anselm; Kruse, Matthew J; Szabo, Zsolt; Argani, Pedram; Hibbard, Michele K; Gladstone, Douglas E; Meyer, Christian; Zheng, Rui; Borowitz, Michael J; Duffield, Amy S

    2015-02-01

    A 52-year-old woman presented with fatigue and thrombocytopenia. Imaging studies were unremarkable with the exception of a positron emission tomography scan, which demonstrated intense F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake fusing to the marrow. A bone marrow aspirate was notable for large discohesive cells with basophilic cytoplasm, and flow cytometric analysis identified a population of phenotypically unusual cells that coexpressed CD56 and CD71. Immunohistochemical findings in the marrow biopsy demonstrated that the neoplasm was alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, further supported by the presence of a t(2;13). This unusual case demonstrates that leukemic presentations of rhabdomyosarcoma can occur in older adults in the absence of an identifiable primary tumor. PMID:25305220

  15. A Leukemic Presentation of Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma in a 52-Year-Old Woman Without an Identifiable Primary Tumor

    PubMed Central

    Kern, Jason B.; Hii, Anselm; Kruse, Matthew J.; Szabo, Zsolt; Argani, Pedram; Hibbard, Michele K.; Gladstone, Douglas E.; Meyer, Christian; Zheng, Rui; Borowitz, Michael J.; Duffield, Amy S.

    2015-01-01

    A 52-year-old woman presented with fatigue and thrombocytopenia. Imaging studies were unremarkable with the exception of a positron emission tomography scan, which demonstrated intense F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose uptake fusing to the marrow. A bone marrow aspirate was notable for large discohesive cells with basophilic cytoplasm, and flow cytometric analysis identified a population of phenotypically unusual cells that coexpressed CD56 and CD71. Immunohistochemical findings in the marrow biopsy demonstrated that the neoplasm was alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, further supported by the presence of a t(2;13). This unusual case demonstrates that leukemic presentations of rhabdomyosarcoma can occur in older adults in the absence of an identifiable primary tumor. PMID:25305220

  16. When a man encounters a woman, Satan is also present: clinical relationships in Bedouin society.

    PubMed

    Mass, M; al-Krenawi, A

    1994-07-01

    Professional encounters in Bedouin society between male therapists and their female clients are discussed in terms of the conflict between clinical precepts and Bedouin codes of social conduct. The effects of the conflict on the transference relationship are examined by means of case presentations, and rules of conduct acceptable in both the professional realm and Bedouin society are proposed as an avenue toward resolution. PMID:7977659

  17. [A 93-year-old woman presenting consciousness disturbance, left hemiplegia, and respiratory distress].

    PubMed

    Miwa, H; Imamura, N; Mizutani, Y; Shiotsu, H; Kuwabara, N; Nagaoka, M; Sato, T; Mizuno, Y

    1993-03-01

    We present a 93-year old female who abruptly developed left hemiplegia on the way to the wash room. She was admitted to another hospital where her consciousness deteriorated and artificial respiration was necessary. She was transferred to our hospital 20 days after the onset of her stroke. On admission, her BP was 60/40 mmHg, and wheezing râle was heard in both lung fields. No heart murmur was present. She was in comatose state, but a small amount of spontaneous movements were present in her eyelids and the jaw. Neurologic examination revealed no papilledema, small non-reactive pupils with the right side being slightly larger than the left, absence of ocular movements, and loss of oculocephalic response and corneal reflex. An intratracheal tube was in situ, and the observation of the pharynx was impossible. No stiff neck was present. No spontaneous movement was observed in her limbs which were flaccid, and all the deep reflexes were lost except for jaw jerk which was weakly positive. Cranial CT scans revealed low density areas in the right anterior and middle cerebral artery territories with patchy areas of high density being consistent with a hemorrhagic infarction. In addition, a small high density mass lesion was noted in the left frontal lobe adjacent to the falx, which was thought to be a small meningioma. Her clinical course was complicated by pneumonia, hypotension and cardiac failure. She expired 2 months after the onset of her stroke. Postmortem examination revealed an extensive hemorrhagic infarction involving the territory of the right internal carotid artery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8323824

  18. An Intracardiac Mass in a Pregnant Woman Presenting With Ventricular Tachycardia.

    PubMed

    Alimi, Hedieh; Samiei, Niloufar; Madadi, Shabnam; Zare, Asghar; Azizian, Nasrin; Chitsazan, Mitra; Mozaffari, Kambiz; Yousefnia, Mohammad Ali; Kashfi, Fahimeh

    2016-06-01

    A pregnant patient presented with symptomatic ventricular tachycardia. Echocardiography revealed a large intramyocardial mass. Surgical resection was attempted in conjunction with cryoablation of the surrounding myocardial tissue. Histologic examination of the resected mass revealed cardiac neurofibroma. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of cardiac neurofibroma in a pregnant patient in the absence of any neurocutaneous syndromes such as neurofibromatosis. PMID:27211956

  19. Late presentation of simple virilising 21-hydroxylase deficiency in a Chinese woman with Turner's syndrome.

    PubMed

    Lee, K F; Chan, Angel O K; Fok, Juliana M C; Mak, Maria W H; Yu, K C; Lee, K M; Shek, C C

    2013-06-01

    Classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a well-known disorder of sexual development (previously known as ambiguous genitalia) in genotypic female neonates. We report on a 66-year-old Chinese, brought up as male, with a simple virilising form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia associated with Turner's syndrome (karyotype 45,X/47,XXX/46,XX). His late presentation was recognised due to his exceptionally short stature and persistent sexual ambiguity. His condition was only brought to medical attention as he developed a huge abdominal mass, which later turned out to be a benign ovarian mucinous cyst. It is therefore important to look out for co-existing congenital adrenal hyperplasia in patients with Turner's syndrome and virilisation, after the presence of Y chromosome material has been excluded. PMID:23732434

  20. Anti-AMPA-Receptor Encephalitis Presenting as a Rapid-Cycling Bipolar Disorder in a Young Woman with Turner Syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Quaranta, Giuseppe; Maremmani, Angelo Giovanni Icro; Perugi, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    Background. Autoimmune encephalitis is a disorder characterised by the subacute onset of seizures, short-term memory loss, and psychiatric and behavioural symptoms. Initially, it was recognised as a paraneoplastic disorder, but recently a subgroup of patients without systemic cancer was identified. Case Description. We describe a 20-year-old woman with Turner syndrome presenting with a treatment-resistant rapid cycling bipolar disorder with cognitive impairment. She was diagnosed with anti-AMPA-receptor encephalitis. She showed marked improvement after starting memantine and valproic acid. Conclusion. This case description emphasises the importance of timely recognition of autoimmune limbic encephalitis in patients with psychiatric manifestations and a possible predisposition to autoimmune conditions, in order to rule out malignancy and to quickly initiate treatment. PMID:26495149

  1. A giant adrenal lipoma presenting in a woman with chronic mild postprandial abdominal pain: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Adrenal lipomas are rare, small, benign, non-functioning tumors, which must be histopathologically differentiated from other tumors such as myelolipomas or liposarcomas. They are usually identified incidentally during autopsy, imaging, or laparotomy. Occasionally, they may present acutely due to complications such as abdominal pain from retroperitoneal bleeding, or systemic symptoms of infection. We report a giant adrenal lipoma (to the best of our knowledge, the second largest in the literature) clinically presenting with chronic mild postprandial pain. Case presentation A 54-year-old Caucasian woman presented several times over a period of 10 years to various emergency departments complaining of long-term mild postprandial abdominal pain. Although clinical examinations were unrevealing, an abdominal computed tomography scan performed at her most recent presentation led to the identification of a large lipoma of the left adrenal gland, which occupied most of the retroperitoneal space. Myelolipoma was ruled out due to the absence of megakaryocytes, immature leukocytes, or erythrocytes. Liposarcoma was ruled out due to the absence of lipoblasts. The size of the lipoma (16 × 14 × 7 cm) is, to the best of our knowledge, the second largest reported to date. After surgical resection, our patient was relieved of her symptoms and remains healthy six years postoperatively. Conclusion Physicians should be aware that differential diagnosis of mild chronic abdominal pain in patients presenting in emergency rooms may include large adrenal lipomas. When initial diagnostic investigation is not revealing, out-patient specialist evaluation should be planned to enable appropriate further investigations. PMID:21466677

  2. A 72-year-old woman with an uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot presenting with possible pulmonary endocarditis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Tetralogy of Fallot is one of the most common forms of cyanotic congenital heart disease and in the absence of surgical correction it has an elevated early mortality, with most patients dying in childhood. The authors reported this case because of the unusual course of an uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot. There are only a few reports of patients with an uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot who reach an advanced age and to the best of our knowledge this is the first case report of a possible endocarditis in a patient with an uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot who is older than 70 years. Case presentation The authors present a case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman with uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot who was admitted with fever and heart failure to our Cardiology Department with possible infective endocarditis. Conclusions The longevity of this patient is probably due to the association between a large ventricular septal defect, a balanced subpulmonary stenosis and to the presence of systemic hypertension. After empiric antibiotic therapy, the patient was discharged and no surgical intervention was performed due to her previous benign evolution. PMID:23725101

  3. Recommended Immunizations for Children from 7 Through 18 Years Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... direct contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. When people are infected, the diptheria ... spreads easily through droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes and can cause mild to severe ...

  4. Fitness and Your 13- to 18-year-old

    MedlinePlus

    ... listening to music, surfing online, and playing video games. So it's no surprise that they can't ... videos, which are fine. But while exercise video games (like tennis or bowling) are a good alternative ...

  5. Communication and Your 13-to 18-Year-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... test, psychoeducational assessment (standardized testing to assess learning style as well as cognitive processes), and speech-language evaluation. A teen with a specific communication difficulty, such as stuttering , should be referred to ...

  6. Medical Care and Your 13- to 18-Year-Old

    MedlinePlus

    ... protective sports gear how to resolve conflicts without violence , including how to avoid the use of weapons learning problems or difficulties at school importance of regular physical activity previous continue Common ...

  7. Ovarian Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting as a Large Growing Mass in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Sun Suk; Han, Si Eun; Lee, Nam Kyung; Choi, Kyung Un; Joo, Jong Kil; Suh, Dong Soo; Kim, Heung Yeol

    2015-01-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are usually of the cavernous type, and are rarely encountered. A 73-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal discomfort. Subsequent physical examination depicted a palpable mass in the lower abdomen. Abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) revealed a well-circumscribed mass with thin septa measuring 12.1 × 9.0 cm in the right ovary. Levels of the tumor markers cancer antigen (CA)-125 and CA 19-9 were within the normal range. At laparoscopy, the tumor was found to be confined to the right ovary and to have a smooth surface. The final histopathological result was ovarian cavernous hemangioma. Microscopically, the mass consisted of multiple, dilated, blood-filled vascular channels separated by loose connective tissue, and all were lined by a single layer of flattened endothelium. The authors present a case of ovarian cavernous hemangioma presenting as a large growing mass in a postmenopausal woman and review previously published literature. PMID:26793681

  8. Ovarian Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting as a Large Growing Mass in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    PubMed

    Kim, Sun Suk; Han, Si Eun; Lee, Nam Kyung; Choi, Kyung Un; Joo, Jong Kil; Suh, Dong Soo; Kim, Heung Yeol; Kim, Ki Hyung

    2015-12-01

    Ovarian hemangiomas are usually of the cavernous type, and are rarely encountered. A 73-year-old woman presented with lower abdominal discomfort. Subsequent physical examination depicted a palpable mass in the lower abdomen. Abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT) revealed a well-circumscribed mass with thin septa measuring 12.1 × 9.0 cm in the right ovary. Levels of the tumor markers cancer antigen (CA)-125 and CA 19-9 were within the normal range. At laparoscopy, the tumor was found to be confined to the right ovary and to have a smooth surface. The final histopathological result was ovarian cavernous hemangioma. Microscopically, the mass consisted of multiple, dilated, blood-filled vascular channels separated by loose connective tissue, and all were lined by a single layer of flattened endothelium. The authors present a case of ovarian cavernous hemangioma presenting as a large growing mass in a postmenopausal woman and review previously published literature. PMID:26793681

  9. A 56-Year-Old, Otherwise Healthy Woman Presenting With Light-headedness and Progressive Shortness of Breath.

    PubMed

    Neder, J Alberto; Hirai, Daniel M; Jones, Joshua H; Zelt, Joel T; Berton, Danilo C; O'Donnell, Denis E

    2016-07-01

    A 56-year-old white woman was referred to the pulmonary clinic for evaluation of unexplained shortness of breath. She enjoyed good health until 3 months prior to this visit when she reported experiencing recurrent episodes of shortness of breath and oppressive retrosternal chest discomfort with radiation to the neck. Episodes lasting 5 to 10 min often occurred at rest and were inconsistently related to physical activity. These symptoms became progressively worse and were often associated with light-headedness and presyncope. Her past medical history was uneventful apart from a prior diagnosis of breast cysts and suspected prolactinoma. Her symptoms escalated to such a level that she was forced to seek urgent medical attention at our institutional ED on two separate occasions in the preceding weeks. These visits precipitated a number of investigations and, eventually, a referral to the pulmonary clinic. PMID:27396797

  10. [Obese woman presenting as vocal cord abductor paralysis and floppy arytenoid associated with early signs of multiple system atrophy].

    PubMed

    Sakuta, Hideki; Miyamoto, Masayuki; Suzuki, Keisuke; Miyamoto, Tomoyuki; Nakajima, Itsuo; Nakamura, Toshiki; Hirata, Koichi

    2012-01-01

    In multiple system atrophy (MSA), sleep-related breathing disorders are commonly observed, including vocal cord abductor paralysis (VCAP), which can cause sudden death. In its early stage, VCAP occurs only during sleep, but as the disease progresses, it appears when both awake and asleep. We encountered a 59-year-old obese woman who had been under continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) for approximately one year but later developed acute respiratory failure because of VCAP. VCAP was the predominant finding that led to the diagnosis of MSA in our patient. On laryngoscopic examination, the movement of the patient's larynx was normal during wakefulness, but VCAP, paradoxical movements of the vocal cord and a floppy arytenoid were observed during drug-induced sleep. We suggest that detection of VCAP and laryngopharyngeal abnormalities such as floppy arytenoid in the early stage of MSA is important for determining treatment options. PMID:22790804

  11. Expectant and medical management of placenta increta in a primiparous woman presenting with postpartum haemorrhage: The role of Imaging

    PubMed Central

    Dasari, Papa; Venkatesan, Bhuvaneswari; Thyagarajan, Chitra; Balan, Sathyalakshmy

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of postpartum hemorrhage due to adherent placenta. A 28 year old primiparous woman who underwent manual removal of placenta for primary postpartum haemorrhage soon after delivery was referred to our Institute on her third postnatal day because of persistent tachycardia and low grade fever. Placenta accreta was suspected on initial ultrasonographic examination. MRI examination confirmed the diagnosis of placenta accreta in few areas and revealed increta in other areas. On expectant management she developed genital tract sepsis and hence she was treated with intravenous Methotrexate after controlling infection with appropriate antibiotics. Doppler Imaging showed decreased blood flow to the placental mass and increased echogenecity on gray scale USG after Methotrexate administration. She expelled the whole placental mass on 35th postnatal day and MRI performed the next day showed empty uterine cavity. Morbid adhesion of placenta should be suspected even in primiparous women without any risk factors when there is history of post-partum hemorrhage. MRI is the best modality for evaluation of adherent placenta. PMID:22470732

  12. “Embracing the present and fearing the future”: The meaning of being an oldest old woman in a rural area

    PubMed Central

    Ness, Tove M.; Hellzen, Ove; Enmarker, Ingela

    2014-01-01

    In Western countries, the number of older people receiving home nursing care is increasing, and in rural areas they are at additional risk because of the distance between people and health care facilities. The aim of this study was therefore to illuminate the meaning of being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area and receiving home nursing care. A sample of 11 oldest old women living in rural areas in the middle of Norway was chosen for this study. Narrative interviews were conducted, and the data were analyzed using the phenomenological hermeneutic method. After a naïve reading and a structural analysis of the text, we identified four themes: being satisfied with life, being thankful, feeling vulnerable, and feeling secure. The comprehensive understanding implied that being an oldest old woman living alone in a rural area meant living in the intersection between embracing the present in solitude and fearing the future with additional declining health. Living in this complex situation meant to enjoy the present, but still fear the future, as the oldest old women knew their present life situations were limited. This challenging emotional situation meant using their inner strength by trying to be optimistic and seeing opportunities in present life, even if losses were many and extensive. By using their inner strength in facing losses and declining health, the oldest old women managed to appreciate aloneness as solitude, and find new meaning in life. PMID:25361532

  13. Tuberculosis of the Breast: An Initial Presentation of the Metabolic Syndrome with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Young Nigerian Woman.

    PubMed

    Adeiza, M A; Yusuf, R; Liman, A A; Abur, P; Bello, F; Abba, A A

    2016-01-01

    Breast tuberculosis is an uncommon presentation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis. A 40-year-old obese woman presented with a right breast abscess which had failed to heal after surgical drainage. There was no family history of breast disease. Biopsy and histology of the lesion showed chronic granulomatous inflammation with positive stains for acid fast bacilli compatible with tuberculosis. Further evaluation confirmed metabolic syndrome with type 2 diabetes mellitus. She was placed on antituberculosis chemotherapy and appropriate therapy for diabetes mellitus with complete resolution of the lesion. We report this case because of its rarity and to highlight the association between tuberculosis an infectious disease and overnutrition in diabetes mellitus, a noncommunicable disease. PMID:27034859

  14. A Woman in Her 30s With a Past History of HIV Disease Presented With Recurrent Fever, Night Sweats, and Small Bilateral Pulmonary Nodules.

    PubMed

    Hashmi, Hafiz Rizwan Talib; Niazi, Masooma; Adrish, Muhammad

    2016-06-01

    A woman in her 30s presented with recurrent low-grade fever and cough (onset, 1 week). She reported occasional night sweats and weight loss of approximately 20 pounds over the past 4 months. She denied nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or any urinary complaints. Her past medical history was significant for chronic hepatitis C and HIV infection, the latter diagnosed in 2001. She was noncompliant with highly active antiretroviral therapy for more than 4 years and had pneumocystis pneumonia 2 years prior to this presentation. She had a 10-pack per year smoking history and reported active use of cocaine and heroin. The patient denied any occupational exposures. PMID:27287594

  15. Tuberculosis of the Breast: An Initial Presentation of the Metabolic Syndrome with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Young Nigerian Woman

    PubMed Central

    Yusuf, R.; Liman, A. A.; Abur, P.; Bello, F.

    2016-01-01

    Breast tuberculosis is an uncommon presentation of extra pulmonary tuberculosis. A 40-year-old obese woman presented with a right breast abscess which had failed to heal after surgical drainage. There was no family history of breast disease. Biopsy and histology of the lesion showed chronic granulomatous inflammation with positive stains for acid fast bacilli compatible with tuberculosis. Further evaluation confirmed metabolic syndrome with type 2 diabetes mellitus. She was placed on antituberculosis chemotherapy and appropriate therapy for diabetes mellitus with complete resolution of the lesion. We report this case because of its rarity and to highlight the association between tuberculosis an infectious disease and overnutrition in diabetes mellitus, a noncommunicable disease. PMID:27034859

  16. High-grade primary myxoid lung sarcoma presenting as recurrent hemorrhagic pleural effusions in a young woman

    PubMed Central

    Tahir, Hassan; Coleman, Cinthia; Sagi, Jahnavi; Wani, Adil; Daruwalla, Vistasp

    2015-01-01

    Primary lung sarcomas are rare but aggressive tumors accounting for less than 0.5% of all lung tumors. The diagnosis of primary lung sarcoma should only be considered after exclusion of other sites. A 32-year-old female presented with recurrent hemorrhagic pleural effusions, shortness of breath and persistent cough. Pleural effusion was drained twice, and each time its analysis was normal. Patient developed atelectasis of left lung with hemothorax for which she underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. A large mass was found compressing the entire lower lobe of left lung with extension into mediastinum, the biopsy of which showed myxoid sarcoma. The tumor was inoperable and options of chemotherapy or radiotherapy were discussed with the patient. Primary lung sarcoma can rarely present with recurrent hemorrhagic pleural effusion. A high degree of suspicion is required for early diagnosis as large hemothorax on computed tomography or chest X-ray may obscure lung mass and make its diagnosis difficult. PMID:27489706

  17. Examining "fat talk" experimentally in a female dyad: how are women influenced by another woman's body presentation style?

    PubMed

    Tucker, Katheryn L; Martz, Denise M; Curtin, Lisa A; Bazzini, Doris G

    2007-06-01

    Fat talk, the verbal dissatisfaction that women express about their bodies, was studied in a female dyad whereby participants interacted with a female confederate who either self-derogated, self-accepted, or self-aggrandized. A 2 (participant body esteem: high vs. low) x3 (confederate style of body image presentation) design was used. Results revealed that participants' public disclosure of their body image varied according to confederate's style. Consistent with a reciprocity effect, participants disclosed the lowest public body image ratings in the self-derogate condition, with moderate ratings in the self-accept condition, and highest ratings in the self-aggrandize condition. Moreover, participants with low compared to high body esteem stated lower public body image. Participants' judgments of the confederates' likeability did not vary as a function of the confederate's body presentational style. Findings support the recursive nature of the social psychology of body image such that personal body image dissatisfaction is partially influenced by fat talk social norms. PMID:18089261

  18. A 27-year-old woman presenting with refractory hypoxaemic respiratory failure, haemoptysis and thyrotoxicosis: a rare manifestation of propylthiouracil therapy.

    PubMed

    Ortiz-Diaz, Enrique O

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary manifestations of hyperthyroidism not only include pulmonary hypertension and hydrostatic pulmonary oedema, but also treatment/drug-associated pulmonary diseases have to be considered as an exclusion diagnosis. A 27-year-old woman with hypoxaemic respiratory failure under an arterial-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenator (AV-ECMO) was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The patient had progressive dyspnoea with haemoptysis, palpitations and failure to thrive. The patient had Graves' disease treated previously with propylthiouracil (PTU). Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage is a non-specific syndrome characterised by evidence of diffuse alveolar damage, exclusion of infectious aetiology and progressively bloodier bronchoalveolar lavage (and/or 20% hemosiderin laden macrophages on cytological examination). PTU associated perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA) vasculitis appears to be more common in younger female patients presenting with leukocytoclastic vasculitis, myalgias and arthralgias. The latter compared to non-drug associated ANCA vasculitis which are more common in older males with visceral involvement. PTU-induced ANCA vasculitis prognosis appears to be better compared to primary ANCA syndromes. PMID:25150234

  19. A 27-year-old woman presenting with refractory hypoxaemic respiratory failure, haemoptysis and thyrotoxicosis: a rare manifestation of propylthiouracil therapy

    PubMed Central

    Ortiz-Diaz, Enrique O

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary manifestations of hyperthyroidism not only include pulmonary hypertension and hydrostatic pulmonary oedema, but also treatment/drug-associated pulmonary diseases have to be considered as an exclusion diagnosis. A 27-year-old woman with hypoxaemic respiratory failure under an arterial-venous extra-corporeal membrane oxygenator (AV-ECMO) was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). The patient had progressive dyspnoea with haemoptysis, palpitations and failure to thrive. The patient had Graves’ disease treated previously with propylthiouracil (PTU). Diffuse alveolar haemorrhage is a non-specific syndrome characterised by evidence of diffuse alveolar damage, exclusion of infectious aetiology and progressively bloodier bronchoalveolar lavage (and/or 20% hemosiderin laden macrophages on cytological examination). PTU associated perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (p-ANCA) vasculitis appears to be more common in younger female patients presenting with leukocytoclastic vasculitis, myalgias and arthralgias. The latter compared to non-drug associated ANCA vasculitis which are more common in older males with visceral involvement. PTU-induced ANCA vasculitis prognosis appears to be better compared to primary ANCA syndromes. PMID:25150234

  20. [A woman with beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration identified by the WDR45 mutation presenting as Rett-like syndrome in childhood].

    PubMed

    Morisada, Naoya; Tsuneishi, Syuichi; Taguchi, Kazuhiro; Yagi, Ryuzaburo; Nishiyama, Masahiro; Toyoshima, Daisaku; Nakagawa, Taku; Takeshima, Yasuhiro; Takada, Satoshi; Iijima, Kazumoto

    2016-05-01

    Beta-propeller protein-associated neurodegeneration (BPAN) is one of the neurodegenerative disorders characterized by iron deposition in the brain and is the only known disease in humans to be caused by an aberration in autophagocytosis. Here, we present the case of a 42-year-old woman with BPAN identified by the WDR45 mutation. From early childhood, she was recognized as having global developmental delay, and she frequently sucked her hand, which was considered to be a stereotypical movement. She had a febrile convulsion at 6 months of age but there was no history of epilepsy. The delay in language development was more severe than the delay in motor development; she was able to dress herself, walk unaided, and follow simple instructions until adolescence. After the age of 20, her movement ability rapidly declined. By the time she was 42 years old, she was bedridden and unable to communicate. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 21 years revealed no abnormality except non-specific cerebral atrophy. However, MRI at 39 years revealed abnormalities in the globus pallidus and substantia nigra, with neurodegeneration and iron accumulation in the brain. Genetic analysis for WDR45 revealed that she had a splice site mutation (NM_007075.3: c.830 + 2 T > C) which was previously reported, and a diagnosis of BPAN was confirmed. For specific therapies to be developed for BPAN in the future, it is necessary to establish early diagnosis, including genetic analysis. PMID:27349085

  1. The two-woman phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Weiss, S S

    1987-04-01

    A distinct type of phenomenon that has not been previously noted as such is named and described. Men who present a two-woman phenomenon retain a commitment to wife and marriage while loving another woman. Conflict arises only when one of the women has to be relinquished. It is postulated that many men with this pattern of loving have experienced a traumatic childhood and an oedipal conflict which defensively involved two maternal objects in fantasy or reality. One mother was hated, the other loved. This dynamic is one possible determinant leading to the two-woman phenomenon. PMID:3588786

  2. Woman's Intuition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anyaso, Hilary Hurd

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a conversation with three women college leaders on how their respective Ohio colleges are faring in the economy, leadership and what tops their presidential agendas these days. Patricia L. Hardaway was appointed president of Wilberforce University in April 2008. An attorney and graduate of the historically Black university,…

  3. The Black Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browne, Juanita M.

    The Black woman has been the transmitter of culture in the black community. Two of the important roles of African women were perpetuated during slavery and continue until today. They are her role in economic endeavor and her close bond with her children. The woman in African society was additionally politically significant. The black woman has…

  4. [The glass woman].

    PubMed

    Zeul, M

    1995-01-01

    The author recounts the case of history of a woman patient seeking psychoanalytic treatment for a variety of extremely severe symptoms. In the course of treatment the original symptom constellation changed, revealing new facets but never disappearing completely. Discussing the compulsive, phobic symptomatology of the patient in terms of the traumatic sexual conflicts underlying them and the attendant break with outward reality and psychotic fabrication of a world of the patient's own making, Zeul warns against premature nosological classification. She contends that, in a case like the present one, the diagnosis of the disturbance into a neat set of nosological compartments--borderline/hysteria/psychosis etc.--makes little sense and should be supplanted by an attempt to describe the psychic mechanisms of mental illness. PMID:7480813

  5. New Woman, New World: The American Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bagnall, Carlene; And Others

    A college-level women's studies course on the experience of American women is presented in three units on the emerging American woman, woman and others, and the transcendent self. Unit 1 focuses on biological and psychological explanations of being female; the socialization process; Black, Native American, and immigrant women; schooling and its…

  6. The Native American Woman: A Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Medicine, Bea

    Presenting varied perspectives describing the Native American woman, this book is divided into six chapters as follows: (1) Native Americans and Anthropology (this chapter illustrates the way in which anthropologists have helped stereotype American Indian women); (2) The Native American Woman in Ethnographic Perspective (emphasizing role…

  7. Obesity trends of 8-18 year old Special Olympians: 2005-2010.

    PubMed

    Foley, John T; Lloyd, Meghann; Vogl, Daniel; Temple, Viviene A

    2014-03-01

    Obesity is a worldwide health problem. Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience health disparities, including higher rates of obesity than their peers with typical development; however, there has been no tracking of the obesity rates of children and youth with ID over time. The objective of this study was to compare the BMI of children and youth (8-<19 years of age) with and without ID in the USA, measured overtime; and determine differences between the two groups. This study is a secondary analysis of BMI derived from the Special Olympics International (SOI) Healthy Athletes database. Data were available for 2541 (1527 male) American SOI participants. Using BMI cut-offs from the CDC growth curves the BMI data were stratified into two age bands: 8-11 years (n=429) and 12-<19 years (n=2112), and comparisons were made between SOI participants' BMI data and published NHANES data from the years 2005-2006, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010. SOI participants (12-<19 years) had significantly higher levels of obesity than the national average in 2007-2008 and 2009-2010; there were no differences in the children (8-11 years). Males in the 8-11 years age group were more likely to be obese than females in the same age group (OR=1.62, p=.035). These results highlight that an obesity disparity exists in the USA for children and youth with ID, particularly as they get older and there is a need for further physical activity and healthy eating interventions and overall health promotion activities targeted at this population. PMID:24397890

  8. Generation M[superscript 2]: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rideout, Victoria J.; Foehr, Ulla G.; Roberts, Donald F.

    2010-01-01

    This study is one of the largest and most comprehensive publicly available sources of information on the amount and nature of media use among American youth: (1) It includes a large national sample of more than 2,000 young people from across the country; (2) It covers children from ages 8 to 18, to track changes from childhood through the…

  9. Tattoos on 18-year-old male adolescents - Characteristics and associated factors*

    PubMed Central

    Bicca, José Froner; Duquia, Rodrigo Pereira; Breunig, Juliano de Avelar; de Souza, Paulo Ricardo Martins; de Almeida Jr., Hiram Larangeira

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND Prevalence of tattoos is around 10-26% in men and 10-22% in women, and can involve negative effects such as: regret, removal attempts, physical and biological changes of the skin and association with some viral diseases. OBJECTIVE to determine the prevalence, characteristics and factors associated with tattoos in recruiters joining the military. METHODS the recruiters were examined by dermatologists that documented the presence or absence of tattoos, as well as their sizes, colors, designs and patterns, and whether they needed a parent's consent to get a tattoo. RESULTS 1,968 recruiters were examined and the prevalence of tattoos was 10.82% (213), 141 (66.20%) had a single tattoo, 44 (20.66%) two tattoos, 15 (7.04%) three tattoos, 9 (4.23%) four tattoos, and 4 (1.88%) had more than four. Of the total sample, 168 (80.77%) reported getting the first tattoo before the age of 18. 158 (74.53%) were monochromatic. In relation to size, 108 (50.70%) had tattoos of up to 10 cm, 75 (35.21%) had tattoos measuring between 11-20cm, while 30 had ones over 21cm (14.09%). CONCLUSIONS The population studied had a high prevalence of tattoos for their age, the percentage of complex (large and polychromatic) tattoos was also high. PMID:24474101

  10. Spanish Family Quality of Life Scales: Under and over 18 Years Old

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gine, Climent; Vilaseca, Rosa; Gracia, Marta; Mora, Joaquin; Orcasitas, Jose Ramon; Simon, Cecilia; Torrecillas, Ana Maria; Beltran, Francesc S.; Dalmau, Mariona; Pro, Maria Teresa; Balcells-Balcells, Anna; Mas, Joana Maria; Adam-Alcocer, Ana Luisa; Simo-Pinatella, David

    2013-01-01

    Background: Researchers, professionals, and families have shown increasing concern with the family quality of life (FQoL) of people with intellectual disability (ID) and their families. The goals of this research were (a) to explore how Spanish families understand FQoL by developing 2 different measurement tools for families with a member with ID…

  11. Bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus.

    PubMed

    McCormick, Rodger J; Poling, Mikaela I; Chamberlain, Robert L

    2015-01-01

    Described is the use of bilateral patellar tendon-bearing Symes-type prostheses in a severe case of Freeman-Sheldon syndrome (FSS) in a 21-year-old woman presenting with uncorrectable equinovarus and multiple surgical sequela of the lower extremities. FSS is considered a type of myopathic distal arthrogryposis; diagnosis requires the following: microstomia, whistling-face appearance, H-shaped chin dimpling, nasolabial folds, and multiple contractures of the hands and feet. Spinal deformities, metabolic and gastroenterological problems, other dysmorphic craniofacial characteristics, and visual and auditory impairments, are frequent findings. We highlight what we believe to be a unique approach to enhancing the patient's ability to ambulate and engage in physical activity, particularly critical determinates of wellness and long-term functional outcome in FSS, when the feet are non-correctable but not amputated. Important implications exist for physiatrists, other rehabilitation providers and surgeons regarding this likely under-diagnosed syndrome. PMID:26178231

  12. The Ideal Man and Woman According to University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinstein, Lawrence; Laverghetta, Antonio V.; Peterson, Scott A.

    2009-01-01

    The present study determined if the ideal man has changed over the years and who and what the ideal woman is. We asked students at Cameron University to rate the importance of character traits that define the ideal man and woman. Subjects also provided examples of famous people exemplifying the ideal, good, average, and inferior man and woman. We…

  13. The Black Woman's Burden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Dianne

    2012-01-01

    Not even the first lady of the most powerful nation in the world is immune to stereotypes that have plagued Black women since first setting foot on American soil. Stereotypes of being the "angry Black woman" and curiosity about differences in appearance still persist from the academy to 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. As African-American women rise in…

  14. The Undergraduate Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, K. Patricia

    This is the 5th article in a series of AAHE research reports, and summarizes research on the undergraduate woman. It discusses: (1) women as students: their test scores, grades, and academic motivation; (2) women's career aspirations, with research pointing out that high ability women show abundant aspiration when not faced with the instruction to…

  15. The (East) Indian Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naidoo, Josephine

    The focus of this paper is on the social, cultural, and psychological problems women of East Indian origin share with other immigrant women in Canada. Also examined are problems that are unique to the East Indian woman and the ways in which she deals with the challenges, conflicting cultural values, and expectations that confront her. The…

  16. [Woman and race biology].

    PubMed

    Hanson, H

    1993-01-01

    Early 20th century race biology takes a special interest in woman as part of the "intra-racial" project of bringing forth healthy and competitive individuals. But there are other motives as well for the race biologist to take an interest in woman. She is believed to develop fewer individual characteristics and is therefore a more typical representative of her race than man. The development level of the race is also presupposed to be discernible by the degree of "gender diformism": a race of higher standing would exhibit a greater difference between the sexes. The anthropologist, anatomist, gynaecologist--or whatever guise the race biologist may adopt-- will, in principle, stress that the relation between the sexes is not a matter of "more or less", but one of differences in kind. In reality, the "more-or-less of comparison is the very cornerstone of the issue. Quantitative differences, directly observed or obtained from statistics, are construed as signs of difference in kind. 18th century medical philosophy and sex-linked anthropology laid the theoretical foundation of the 19th century essentialist conception of woman, which is also that adopted by race biology. Eugenics of social Darwinist inspiration regarded prophylactic health care and social welfare programs with scepticism. A race biology founded on the man-woman dualism could sustain altogether different conclusions. An advanced culture calls for extensive division of labour. An extended childhood renders possible higher development but will also impose higher demands on woman. The protection of the female organism is thus an exigency for any people or race striving to survive and evolve. From society's care for the female organism health care for women and preventive maternity care will emerge. Race biology has been a preeminently German concern, as indicated by the selection of works taken to represent this perspective on woman: Bartels-Ploss' Das Weib, C.H. Stratz' Die Rassenschönheit des Weibes and

  17. Papillary thyroid cancer in a young woman affected by giant congenital melanocytic nevus, ultrasound diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Manganaro, L; Onesti, M G; Sergi, M E; Vinci, V; Maruccia, M; Soda, G; Marini, M

    2011-01-01

    Data literatures report numerous association between giant congenital nevus and development alteration; only two cases describe its coexistence with thyroid disorders. However, we report the association of papillary thyroid cancer and giant congenital nevus. Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common differentiated thyroid cancer and has high prevalence in young women. In this paper we report: the case of a 18 years-old woman, affected by giant congenital melanocytic nevus on her back, who came to our observation because of one month of fever and increased volume of latero-cervical lymph nodes. Negative serologic tests allowed us to exclude lymphoma and mononucleosis. Because of the high risk (6%) that giant congenital melanocytic nevi could transform into malignant melanoma, we performed an ultrasound examination (US) of the cervical lymph nodes. The examination extended to the thyroid gland enabled us to visualize the same parenchyma alteration in both thyroid gland and lymph nodes. At last, fine-needle percoutaneus aspiration on thyroid lesion confirmed the presence of papillary carcinoma. In our case, thank to the optimal visualization of the parenchyma structure, US was diriment allowing a diagnosis of primitive thyroid lesion with an involvement of all lymph nodes in the neck. This findings legitimate the role of US as an accurate, noninvasive, radiation free and low-cost imaging technique in detecting differential diagnosis in the cervical lymphadenopathy, as well in preoperative staging thyroid carcinoma. PMID:22041799

  18. UNUSUAL PRESENTATION OF GENERALIZED MACULAR AMYLOIDOSIS IN A YOUNG ADULT

    PubMed Central

    Kudur, Mohan H; B, Sathish Pai; H, Sripathi; Prabhu, Smitha

    2008-01-01

    Macular amyloidosis is a common problem seen dermatology out-patient department. Generalized macular amyloidosis presenting with a poikilodermatous appearance is rare. In our case, an 18-year-old male presented with generalized hypopigmented macules with a poikilodermatous appearance of 10-year duration. His developmental milestones were normal with negative family history of similar complaints. Histopathology of hyperpigmented lesions revealed hyperkeratosis and acanthosis of epidermis and hypopigmented lesion showing only hyperkeratosis. Both lesions were showing the deposition of amorphous, hazy material in the tips of papillary dermis with perivascular inflammatory infiltrate. Congo red staining of the amorphous material was positive for amyloid. PMID:19882037

  19. Communication Effectiveness and the Professional Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Larry D.

    1981-01-01

    Historically, women have been socialized toward virtue and acceptance, and men have been socialized toward power and competence. M. Brewster Smith contends that opportunity, respect from others, and power must be present in order for one to cultivate a sense of competence. To be successful, the competent woman must combine skills, talents, and a…

  20. The Black Woman Cross-Culturally.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steady, Filomina Chioma, Ed.

    This is a collection of anthropological and sociological articles on the black woman. Essays cover the experiences of black women in Africa, the Caribbean, South America, and the United States in politics, business, the community, the arts, the family, and social change. Several themes are present throughout this anthology, including black women's…

  1. The invisible woman.

    PubMed

    Krausz, R

    1994-02-01

    This paper explores the meaning of experiences of invisibility in women. It was inspired in the course of psychotherapy with a woman who felt invisible in her feminine identity and who hid her feminine desire within an imaginary paper bag. Her visual imagery traces a pattern of pathological feminine development through a faulty sensory connection between her body, the external world, and her unconscious symbolic self-representation. Questions about her invisibility have evoked an exploration of two developmental models of visual thinking--a cognitive and a psychoanalytic model. A study of the myth of Persephone contributes a literary prototype for the understanding of the transmission of invisibility across the generations of mothers and daughters. Furthermore, the analysis of several literary passages from the work of Angela Carter serves the purpose of drawing the reader into the experiential world of femininity as it moves from the invisible to the visible. The paper blends together ideas from various, often contending, theorists in a way which highlights how theories can complement one another in explaining clinical phenomena. PMID:8005765

  2. Functional lutein cyst in a postmenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Stevens, M L; Plotka, E D

    1977-07-01

    A postmenopausal woman presented with enlarged breasts, increased vaginal mucus, and elevated serum estrogen and normal progesterone levels. A laparotomy was performed and revealed a cystic right ovary. Histologic examination of the ovary demonstrated a cyst lined by stratified lutein cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. The endometrium showed cystic and adenomatous hyperplasia. The diagnosis was functional lutein cyst. Removal of the cystic ovary reduced the estrogen levels, and the clinical picture reverted to that of a normal postmenopausal state. PMID:876536

  3. A young woman with seizures and psychosis

    PubMed Central

    Naha, Sowjanya; Naha, Kushal; Hande, H Manjunath; Vivek, Ganapathiraman

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of a 24-year-old woman with abnormal behaviour of recent onset. She had been diagnosed previously with epilepsy and had been started on antiepileptic medication. Clinical examination confirmed features of psychosis including paranoid delusions and auditory hallucination. Neurological examination showed nystagmus and dysmetria. Further evaluation revealed the underlying cause for her symptoms. She responded promptly to appropriate therapy with complete resolution of psychosis. PMID:25008334

  4. Education and Training for 16-18 Year Olds in England and Wales. Individual Paths and National Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, Joan; Cheng, Yuan; Witherspoon, Sharon

    This book describes the experiences of a series of five nationally representative cohorts of young people reaching school-leaving age between 1986 and 1993 who were surveyed as part of the continuing England and Wales Youth Cohort Study. The cohort study charts the path taken by young people over the first 3 years after compulsory education. Part…

  5. Relationship between whole grain and fiber consumption and body weight measures among 6 to 18 year-olds

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between whole grain and fiber consumption, and body weight measures in children 6 to 12 (n equals 3868) and adolescents 13 to 18 (n equals 4931) years old. A combined 1999 to 2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data were a...

  6. Am I a Woman? The Normalisation of Woman in US History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Sandra J.

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum of US History has improved substantially in its presentation of women over the 40 years since Trecker's 1971 study of US History textbooks. While studies show increased inclusions, they also suggest that women have not yet claimed their own place in the school curriculum. This paper seeks to better understand the woman who is…

  7. Harriet Brooks: Canada's First Woman Physicist

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey

    2004-03-01

    During those early halcyon days of the study of radioactivity, one young Canadian woman, Harriet Brooks, joined Ernest Rutherford's group as his first research student. Later, she joined J.J. Thomson's group in Cambridge and, finally, Marie Curie's group in Paris. During her short research career, she made several important contributions to science. She investigated the nature of 'emanation' from radium; discovered that radioactive substances could undergo successive decay; and first reported the recoil of the radioactive atom. Much of this research was published under her name alone though Rutherford made extensive reference to her discoveries in his Bakerian lecture of 1904. Brooks life is of interest not only in what she accomplished, but also in the challenges she faced as a pioneering woman scientist in the early part of the twentieth century. In the presentation we will blend the account of her life and work with the societal context. This work was accomplished jointly with Marelene F. Rayner-Canham.

  8. Advertising the American Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dispenza, Joseph E.

    This illustrated anthology of advertising in the popular press attempts to clarify the manner in which consumers have been conditioned to think about the roles of women in society. More than 2,000 copies of periodicals dating from 1900 to the present were consulted for the cultural information in their advertising. The selection of certain ads…

  9. Lorena A. Hickok: Woman Journalist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beasley, Maurine

    Lorena A. Hickok was a notable woman journalist of the early twentieth century whose career was greatly altered by her friendship with Eleanor Roosevelt. After reporting for several newspapers across the country, Hickok became one of the first women hired by the Associated Press wire service (AP) in 1928. She was assigned to cover Eleanor…

  10. On Being a Muslim Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rana, Anniqua

    2007-01-01

    What does it mean to be a Muslim woman? Even a basic understanding could help to dispel generalizations and stereotypes, especially in the context of education. With the controversies related to the wearing of the headscarf in educational institutions, to the general assumption that Muslim women are disempowered, this is even more important for…

  11. Every Woman's Right to Learn

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Jane; Turner, Cheryl; Watts, Jane; Eldred, Jan

    2011-01-01

    As people celebrate the 100th anniversary of International Women's Day this year, NIACE has organised an event, "Every woman's right to learn," that will offer an opportunity for educators and learners to celebrate women's progress and achievements in and through learning, to find one's hopes and aspirations for the future and work collaboratively…

  12. An Erupted Dilated Odontoma: A Rare Presentation

    PubMed Central

    Sharma, Gaurav; Nagra, Amritpreet; Singh, Gurkeerat; Nagpal, Archna; Soin, Atul; Bhardwaj, Vishal

    2016-01-01

    A dilated odontoma is an extremely rare developmental anomaly represented as a dilatation of the crown and root as a consequence of a deep, enamel-lined invagination and is considered a severe variant of dens invaginatus. An oval shape of the tooth lacking morphological characteristics of a crown or root implies that the invagination happened in the initial stages of morphodifferentiation. Spontaneous eruption of an odontoma is a rare occurrence and the occurrence of a dilated odontoma in a supernumerary tooth is even rarer with only a few case reports documented in the English literature. We present an extremely rare case of erupted dilated odontoma occurring in the supernumerary tooth in anterior maxillary region in an 18-year-old male, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first ever case reported in English literature. PMID:26989523

  13. An Erupted Dilated Odontoma: A Rare Presentation.

    PubMed

    Sharma, Gaurav; Nagra, Amritpreet; Singh, Gurkeerat; Nagpal, Archna; Soin, Atul; Bhardwaj, Vishal

    2016-01-01

    A dilated odontoma is an extremely rare developmental anomaly represented as a dilatation of the crown and root as a consequence of a deep, enamel-lined invagination and is considered a severe variant of dens invaginatus. An oval shape of the tooth lacking morphological characteristics of a crown or root implies that the invagination happened in the initial stages of morphodifferentiation. Spontaneous eruption of an odontoma is a rare occurrence and the occurrence of a dilated odontoma in a supernumerary tooth is even rarer with only a few case reports documented in the English literature. We present an extremely rare case of erupted dilated odontoma occurring in the supernumerary tooth in anterior maxillary region in an 18-year-old male, which, to the best of our knowledge, is the first ever case reported in English literature. PMID:26989523

  14. Diagnosis and Treatment of Anxiety in the Aging Woman.

    PubMed

    Siegel, Andrew M; Mathews, Sarah B

    2015-12-01

    The peri- and postmenopausal periods represent a window of vulnerability for emergence of anxiety symptoms and disorders in the life cycle of adult women. Compared to depression, anxiety symptoms and disorders remain largely unexplored during this phase of a woman's life, despite the significant impact on quality of life if not diagnosed and treated. Here, we review the literature to present our current understanding of the epidemiology, causal factors, diagnosis, and treatment of anxiety in the aging woman. PMID:26458819

  15. Recurrent varicella in an immunocompetent woman.

    PubMed

    Dyer, Joseph; Greenfield, Melinda

    2016-01-01

    Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection causes 2 distinct disease processes. Primary VZV infection results in varicella (chickenpox), a common generalized eruption, and subsequent reactivation of VZV classically results in herpes zoster (shingles), which presents as a unilateral, dermatomal eruption. Although a single VZV infection typically confers protection against its reactivation, recurrent varicella rarely is reported, particularly in immunocompetent patients. We present the case of a 52-year-old black woman with an intact immune system who demonstrated 3 VZV infections. PMID:26919358

  16. [Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with multiple hemorrhagic brain metastases (case report)].

    PubMed

    Halefoğlu, Ahmet M; Ertürk, Mehmet; Ozel, Alper; Calişkan, K Can

    2004-06-01

    Intracranial metastases represent 7-17% of all brain tumors. Renal cell carcinoma, thyroid cancer, choriocarcinoma, melanoma, retinoblastoma, lung cancer and breast cancer have a propensity for producing hemorrhagic brain metastases. Leukemias have also been rarely reported to cause hemorrhagic brain metastases. We describe an 18-year-old girl diagnosed as acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with multiple hemorrhagic brain metastases. MRI demonstrated high signal intensity lesions on both T1- and T2-weighted images which were characteristic for extracellular methemoglobin and consistent with hemorrhagic metastases. PMID:15236125

  17. The older woman's body image.

    PubMed

    Price, Bob

    2010-02-01

    Body image is an important concept that has a significant effect on a person's self-esteem and self-confidence. Appreciating how the older body is perceived by a woman is an important first step to understanding how nurses might support patient dignity. This article reviews the latest literature on ageing and body image and suggests practical dialogues that nurses and patients can share. PMID:20225728

  18. [Pituitary apoplexy in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Lewis, Anna; Jarløv, Anne Elisabeth; Holm, Kirsten; Cleemann, Line

    2014-04-22

    Pituitary apoplexy occurs when a preexisting pituitary adenoma undergoes acute haemorrhage, infarct or both. The patho-genesis is not fully understood but macroadenomas and prolactinomas have been reported as being predisposed to apoplexy. Only a few cases are described in the paediatric population. We present a 17-year-old woman with secondary amenorrhoea, headache and blurred vision. An MRI showed a pituitary apoplexy in a preexisting macroadenoma. The majority of milder cases resolve spontaneously. Close monitoring of the pituitary function is important to detect pituitary insufficiency witch may need long-term hormone replacement therapy. PMID:25351468

  19. [Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis in a menopaused woman].

    PubMed

    Zeggane, A; Assouline, P S; Tebboune, D; Levasseur, P; Dulmet, E; Oliviero, G

    2000-12-01

    We report an unusual case of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis in a menopaused woman who had been taking estrogen hormone replacement therapy for several years. The characteristic feature of this uncommon disease is a proliferation of non-tumoral abnormal smooth muscle cells within the alveolar walls, and around the bronchi, lymph nodes and blood vessels. About twenty cases of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis have been described in menopaused women, who generally were taking estrogen hormone replacement therapy. This subpopulation does not appear to present any particular clinical, functional or radiographic features. PMID:11226927

  20. Conservative laparoscopic treatment of a benign giant ovarian cyst in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Vecchio, Rosario; Leanza, Vito; Genovese, Fortunato; Accardi, Manuela; Gelardi, Valentina; Intagliata, Eva

    2009-10-01

    Giant ovarian cysts are very rare. Recently, laparoscopic treatment, with extirpation of the giant cyst and associated oophorectomy, has been reported. In this article, we describe the first case of complete laparoscopic enucleating of a giant serous cystoadenomyoma with preservation of residual ovarian parenchyma in an 18-year-old girl. PMID:19489679

  1. Nodular secondary syphilis in a woman.

    PubMed

    Glatz, M; Achermann, Y; Kerl, K; Bosshard, P P; Cozzio, A

    2013-01-01

    We report the case of a 21-year-old woman with symmetrically distributed, ulcerated nodules and plaques on the face, neck and arms. Initial differential diagnoses included pyoderma or sarcoidosis based on the clinical presentation and histopathology with non-caseating granulomas. After inefficient treatment with topical and systemic fusidic acid and steroids, we diagnosed nodular secondary syphilis owing to positive serology and immunohistochemical staining of Treponema pallidum in lesional skin. After treatment with benzathine penicillin, skin lesions improved and antibody titres declined significantly within 3 months. Nodular skin lesions in secondary syphilis are rare with 15 reported cases within the last 20 years. Furthermore, the granulomatous histology is often misleading. Our patient's case suggests that the physicians should be aware of syphilis as a possible differential diagnosis also in patients outside a high-risk population for sexually transmitted diseases and with an unusual clinical presentation. PMID:23661656

  2. 'Chaos, restitution and quest': one woman's journey through menopause.

    PubMed

    Nosek, Marcianna; Kennedy, Holly Powell; Gudmundsdottir, Maria

    2012-09-01

    Menopause, a natural stage in a woman's reproductive life, is not an illness; yet some women experience severe enough symptoms to cause a breakdown in the body similar to illness or other major health disruptions. As part of a larger narrative analysis investigation of distress during menopause, this case study presents one woman's transformational journey through menopause, analysed through Frank's health and illness narratives - chaos, restitution and quest. The narratives were retranscribed using Labov's elements of a true story and Gee's poetic restructuring. This report of one woman's experience of distress during the menopause transition describes a poetic chaos narrative of incessant night sweats resulting in a loss of physicality and a deep-rooted belief in self-healing; a restitution narrative of restored health that mandated the surrender to a new healing discourse, experienced simultaneously as a victory and a defeat; and a quest narrative of seeking meaning, insight and new-found values and identities. PMID:22471763

  3. A diabetic woman with a swollen forearm.

    PubMed

    Fatemi, Alimohammad; Samadi, Golnaz; Hekmatnia, Ali; Iraj, Bijan; Saber, Mina

    2012-09-01

    Diabetic muscle infarction (DMI) is an unusual complication of diabetes mellitus. It is usually seen in long-standing diabetes mellitus. This article presents a case of DMI in the left forearm of a 58-year-old woman. She had a swollen forearm. The level of creatine kinase was 5930 U/L. Her condition was initially suspected for either cellulitis or venous thrombosis. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of the forearm showed diffuse edema and abnormal signals of the left forearm. The diagnosis of DMI was made. She was treated conservatively and her symptoms resolved within a short period of time. DMI should be considered as a differential diagnosis of any painful and swollen limb in diabetic patients. PMID:23826021

  4. Lingual thrombosis in a woman with antiphospholipid syndrome.

    PubMed

    Lekovic, Jovana P; Friedman, Constantin M; Desancho, Maria T

    2013-04-01

    A 28-year-old woman, 34 weeks pregnant, with previously diagnosed antiphospholipid syndrome, presents with vesicular tongue lesions treated as herpes outbreak and new onset of preeclampsia. Tongue biopsy preformed postpartum after induction of labor for preeclampsia reveals tongue infarction. PMID:23313716

  5. Songs of a Medicine Woman. Native Language and Culture Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pratt, Alice; Bennett, Ruth, Ed.

    Traditional and contemporary Hupa songs as sung by a Hupa medicine woman in her 70's are collected in this booklet. Songs are presented in Hupa and English on facing pages that are illustrated with pen and ink drawings. The four songs are "Flower Dance Song" and "Kick Dance Song" (both for traditional religious ceremonial dances) and "The Bear…

  6. [A pregnant woman with a red skin and itch].

    PubMed

    Voogdt, Kevin G J A; de Groot, Christianne J M

    2016-01-01

    A 35-year-old, Caucasian multiparous woman presented in the outpatient clinic with an itchy skin rash and arthropathy at 32 weeks gestation. The diagnosis of human parvovirus B19 infection was confirmed by serological tests positive for IgG and IgM antibodies. Parvovirus infection during pregnancy may cause fetal anemia and hydrops fetalis. PMID:27165464

  7. Household Hints for the Working Woman: With or Without Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Data Associates, Framingham, MA.

    The purpose of the report is the presentation of ideas and information to help the working woman save time, effort, and money. Chapter one offers suggestions for child care arrangements such as babysitters, transportation needs, and the possibilities for home employment. Chapter two includes shopping and specific management tips for both clothing…

  8. Focus Your Future: A Woman's Guide to Retirement Planning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of Retired Persons, Washington, DC.

    This guidebook addresses retirement planning for midlife women. Section 1 presents the woman an opportunity to assess herself today in terms of the roles she plays in various aspects of her life and in her relationships with others. It asks her to consider some of her plans, dreams, and things she would like to do in an ideal retirement situation.…

  9. A Pregnant Woman with Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Yuan Po; Lin, Li-Sian

    2014-01-01

    A 30-year-old pregnant woman who suffered from massive pulmonary embolism presented in an unstable hemodynamic status. Angiojet catheter embolectomy and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) were performed, which caused the patient’s condition to improve. Use of ECMO was continued during the weaning program, but the patient died of intracranial hemorrhage, a complication of ECMO. PMID:27122772

  10. Hypopigmented mycosis fungoides in childhood and adolescence.

    PubMed

    Neuhaus, I M; Ramos-Caro, F A; Hassanein, A M

    2000-01-01

    We present a case of purely hypopigmented mycosis fungoides of 8-years duration in an 18-year-old woman who responded readily to psoralen plus ultraviolet A (PUVA) treatment. The literature pertaining to hypopigmented mycosis fungoides is reviewed. PMID:11085673

  11. "Bionic Woman" (2007): Gender, Disability and Cyborgs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quinlan, Margaret M.; Bates, Benjamin R.

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores a representation of overlapping categories of gender, disability and cyborgs in "Bionic Woman" (2007). The television show "Bionic Woman" (2007) is a popular culture representation that uniquely brings together these categories. Three themes emerged from an analysis of blogger discourse surrounding the show. The themes reveal…

  12. The African American Woman. Runta (Truth).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Monica L.; Watson, Betty Collier, Ed.

    1989-01-01

    The African American woman has commanded widespread public attention, but popular misconceptions of her socioeconomic role and status differ sharply from her actual situation. The following basic characteristics of the contemporary African American woman, drawn from census figures, are outlined: (1) demographically, females comprise a majority of…

  13. Lessons from a Black Woman Administrator: "I'm Still Here"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowdy, Joanne Kilgour; Hamilton, Awilda

    2012-01-01

    This case study presents the findings from a qualitative research project about a Black woman scholar, the first non-White female to serve as chair of a department and the associate dean of the college in its 100 year history. The study focuses on the experiences of a Black woman scholar as a chairperson and the learning she achieved during her…

  14. Ah Dai Comes to Hawaii: The Story of a Chinese Immigrant Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kam, Dai Sen; And Others

    The story presented in this booklet is concerned with the life of an eighty year old Chinese immigrant woman living in Hawaii. The narration provides a brief overview of the woman's birth, childhood, early adulthood in China, and immigration to Hawaii. Her life in Hawaii is described in terms of the work she did, her arranged marriage, her…

  15. A headache presenting in the emergency room, a clinical manifestation of an unfortunate diagnosis (grade III left frontal anaplastic ependymoma with 1p deletion)

    PubMed Central

    Flores-Robles, B J; Hurtarte-Sandoval, A R; Harrison, R M; Cuevas, C C

    2013-01-01

    An 18-year-old girl presented with a headache and behavioural changes. She was found to have a frontal mass. Neuroimaging revealed an intra-axial mass, located at the left frontal cortical/subcortical region approximately 6×7, 5×7, 5 cm (TxApxL), having a heterogeneous density with cysts and calcification. She had total gross excision of the neoplasm. Histopathological examination revealed an anaplastic ependymoma. Fluorescence in situ hybridisation, a molecular cytogenetic test, reported deletion of 1p without deletion of 19q. The patient had a good postoperative improvement. PMID:23912654

  16. A case of tuberculosis in a pregnant woman and review of current literature

    PubMed Central

    Kwan, B C H; Yu, Y; Goldberg, H

    2010-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) in pregnancy can present with non-pulmonary symptoms, making diagnosis and treatment challenging. We present a case of TB in a pregnant woman and review current management recommendations.

  17. Weakness in an Elderly Woman With Asthma and Chronic Sinusitis

    PubMed Central

    Greene, James G.

    2016-01-01

    Weakness and sensory changes are common complaints in both the inpatient and the outpatient setting. However, this presentation remains a diagnostic challenge to clinicians due to the many possible underlying etiologies. The initial evaluation of weakness and sensory changes starts a thorough history and physical examination to guide the diagnostic process. In this article, we present the case of an elderly woman with complaints of weakness and sensory changes to highlight a step-wise approach to diagnosis and management. PMID:26753055

  18. An unusual cause of chest pain in a young woman

    PubMed Central

    Fryearson, John; Adamson, Dawn

    2011-01-01

    A 25-year-old-woman presented to health-care services recurrently due to pleuritic chest pain. This increased during the first trimester of her first pregnancy. She was subsequently referred to a tertiary cardiology centre where she was seen by a cardiologist with a special interest in obstetric cardiology. After further investigations, an unusual cause of her pain was identified. Her investigations, management and her clinical course are presented here.

  19. Uterine prolapse in a primigravid woman.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jeong Ok; Jang, Shin A; Lee, Ji Yeon; Yun, Nae Ri; Lee, Sang-Hun; Hwang, Sung Ook

    2016-05-01

    Uterine prolapse during pregnancy is an uncommon condition. It can cause preterm labor, spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, maternal urinary complication, maternal sepsis and death. We report the case of uterine prolapse in a 32-year-old healthy primigravid woman. She had no risk factors associated with uterine prolapse. She was conservatively treated, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. This report is a very rare case of uterine prolapse in a young healthy primigravid woman, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. PMID:27200317

  20. Uterine prolapse in a primigravid woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jeong Ok; Jang, Shin A; Yun, Nae Ri; Lee, Sang-Hun; Hwang, Sung Ook

    2016-01-01

    Uterine prolapse during pregnancy is an uncommon condition. It can cause preterm labor, spontaneous abortion, fetal demise, maternal urinary complication, maternal sepsis and death. We report the case of uterine prolapse in a 32-year-old healthy primigravid woman. She had no risk factors associated with uterine prolapse. She was conservatively treated, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. This report is a very rare case of uterine prolapse in a young healthy primigravid woman, resulting in a successful vaginal delivery. PMID:27200317

  1. Tucson Woman's Clinic v. Eden.

    PubMed

    2004-01-01

    information and did not provide safeguards to protect private patient information despite the potential for harm. The court did not find a provision requiring incident reports to the medical licensing board following death or serious injury to violate the right of informational privacy because the type of information requested was narrowly tailored, the information was only required in limited circumstances, the potential for harm was minimized by existing statutory safeguards, and there was a strong state interest in having professional physician licensing boards monitor serious incidences. The court held that the law's provision requiring patients "be treated with consideration, respect and full recognition of the patient's dignity and individuality" was unconstitutionally vague because the meanings of "consideration," "respect," "dignity," and "individuality" were widely variable and the words were not medical terms. As such, the provision was too vague and subjective for providers to know how they should act and did not limit arbitrary enforcement. Finally, the court held that a provision requiring a hospital-admitted physician be on-site was constitutional because it did not violate procedural or substantive due process. The court remanded the case for determination of whether the law unduly burdened a woman's right to an abortion. PMID:16477726

  2. An African woman with pulmonary cavities: TB or not TB?

    PubMed

    Delsing, C E; Ruesen, C; Boeree, M J; van Damme, P A; Kuipers, S; van Crevel, R

    2014-10-01

    Cavitary lung lesions in patients from developing countries are mostly caused by tuberculosis (TB). However, when TB cannot be confirmed, a primary lung abscess caused by anaerobic bacteria from the mouth should be considered, especially in patients with poor dentition. We present a case of a Sudanese woman with a cavitary lung lesion and severe gingivitis. Bulleidia extructa was isolated as a single pathogen from the pulmonary cavity. PMID:25387555

  3. Headaches and papilloedema in a pregnant woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Morton, Adam

    2011-01-01

    Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare condition, its highest incidence being in obese women of reproductive age. A woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome and IIH is presented, a new diagnosis during pregnancy resulting in a change in her management.

  4. The woman I love and the woman I cannot live without.

    PubMed

    Bergmann, Martin S

    2013-10-01

    The relationship between love and the symbiotic phase of childhood is explored from a new angle in terms of a conflict between "the woman I love" and "the woman I cannot live without." Love requires dependency, but it can also lead to giving up independent existence; then it becomes inimical to the relationship. PMID:24063274

  5. Daisy Maude Orleman Robinson: the first American woman dermatologist.

    PubMed

    Pariser, David M

    2015-01-01

    Born in 1868 and the first American woman to become a dermatologist, Daisy Maude Orleman (later Robinson) graduated from the National Medical College of Columbian University, now George Washington University, in 1890. After training in dermatology in Paris and Zurich and after marriage to Andrew Rose Robinson in 1904, she joined the faculty of the New York Polyclinic Medical School and the Northwestern Dispensary in New York, where she was an attending dermatologist starting in 1905. Her achievements included being the first woman dermatologist to present a case at a dermatologic meeting, to publish a scholarly paper in dermatology, to present a case at an international dermatology meeting, and to have a documented clinical practice in dermatology in the United States. A 1916 publication listed her as the best known woman dermatologist in the world. After service in the US Army Medical Corps during World War I, she had a distinguished career in the US Public Health Service, where she devoted her career to the eradication of venereal diseases and the development of sex education programs, particularly for young women. PMID:25889142

  6. Emmy Noether, Greatest Woman Mathematician.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kimberling, Clark

    1982-01-01

    A brief history of Amalie Emmy Noether is presented, citing many of her contributions to mathematics and physics. Major credit for the development of modern algebra should probably be given to her. Reference is made to Noether's theorem and Noetherian Rings. (MP)

  7. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change--using empowerment and popular education to prevent HIV in women.

    PubMed

    Romero, Lisa; Wallerstein, Nina; Lucero, Julie; Fredine, Heidi Grace; Keefe, Joanna; O'Connell, JoAnne

    2006-10-01

    HIV risk is the product of social, cultural, economic, and interpersonal forces that create sex-role definitions and expectations that can lead to gender inequalities in health. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention that takes into account that choices and actions may be constrained by poverty, gender roles, and cultural norms. This project educates and empowers, promotes women's perspectives, reaches women "where they are," and encourages women to speak of their experience. The following study presents the evaluation of the effectiveness of an empowerment based participatory HIV prevention program over a 3-year period, implemented in both rural and urban settings in New Mexico, targeting over 300 women at-risk of HIV/AIDS. In addition, the practicalities of conducting participatory process and outcome evaluation with a small nonprofit with minimal budget will be discussed. PMID:17067251

  8. How a Married Woman`s Characteristics Affect her Contraceptive Behavior?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khan, Rana Ejaz Ali; Khan, Tasnim

    In Pakistan, population growth rate is 2.2% and Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is as high as 5.4. It is the result of low Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) of only 28%. Due to low CPR, women have high rate of unwanted births in Pakistan. In this study using probit estimation on primary data, we have analyzed the woman=s characteristics responsible for low contraceptive prevalence among married women in urban areas of Punjab (Pakistan). For the purpose one thousand married women in the age group of 15-49 years, who were not currently pregnant were interviewed from urban areas of Bahawalpur and Lahore. The individual characteristics of married women were focused, although household characteristics, socio-economic conditions of the community where woman is living, religious and cultural factors are also important. It is found that age of woman, education of woman, woman`s status, her economic activity, income level and age at marriage were found major determinants of contraceptive prevalence in women. The policies towards the education of women, status of women, labor force participation of women and legal interventions towards the increase in marriage age are stressed to increase the CPR.

  9. Woman in Physics in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeleznik, Nadja; Conradi, Marjetka; Remskar, Maja

    2009-04-01

    Slovenian female physicists are organized in an informal network that incorporates more than 100 women working in research, academia, government, and industry. In the past three years we have accomplished several actions in order to motivate young girls and students to pursue physics. Our main achievement was publishing the monograph Physics—My Education in September 2007. The book includes 79 autobiographic contributions of female physicists presenting their life and work in different areas: science (institutes and universities), teaching, industry, and government. We have also organized an exhibition about Slovene women in physics, presenting the very first female physicists and all the next generations. A very popular item among women and men was also a T-shirt with our logo. By selling the books and T-shirts we have collected money for scholarships for female students of physics. The first four scholarships were awarded on March 8, 2008, in the spirit of the International Women's Day.

  10. Ling's death: an ethnography of a Chinese woman's suicide.

    PubMed

    Pearson, Veronica; Liu, Meng

    2002-01-01

    Over the past decade, great concern has been expressed about the high suicide rates in China, especially among women and young women in particular. However, most of the information that has been presented has considered macro-level data and speculated on why women are so vulnerable to self-harm. This article presents the detailed story of one village woman who killed herself and suggests that motives and behavior are more complex than the cultural script and statistics suggest. Although depression is said to be commonly present in people who kill themselves in Western countries, this may not be the case in China. PMID:12501960

  11. Fatal Monocytic Ehrlichiosis in Woman, Mexico, 2013.

    PubMed

    Sosa-Gutierrez, Carolina G; Solorzano-Santos, Fortino; Walker, David H; Torres, Javier; Serrano, Carlos A; Gordillo-Perez, Guadalupe

    2016-05-01

    Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is a febrile illness caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, an intracellular bacterium transmitted by ticks. In Mexico, a case of E. chaffeensis infection in an immunocompetent 31-year-old woman without recognized tick bite was fatal. This diagnosis should be considered for patients with fever, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzyme levels. PMID:27088220

  12. Clostridium septicum Empyema in an Immunocompetent Woman

    PubMed Central

    Granok, Alexander B.; Mahon, Patrick A.; Biesek, Genesio W.

    2010-01-01

    We report a case of a Clostridium septicum empyema in an immunocompetent woman following operation for an incarcerated internal hernia. The patient was successfully treated with pleural decortication and an extended course of postoperative antibiotics. This is the first report of such an infection in the medical literature. PMID:20490275

  13. A Profile of the Woman Engineer, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hetrick, Haydee; And Others

    This biennial report is based on responses from 2,112 of the 4,453 non-student members of the Society of Women Engineers (SWE) who were surveyed during the winter of 1983-84. All responses to the survey questionnaire (included in an appendix) were considered in the data analysis. Any woman with an engineering degree, holding state engineering…

  14. Nature, Education, and the Natural Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Peter J.

    1974-01-01

    An examination of 18th and 19th century naturalistic educational theory reveals that appeals to nature confirmed and strengthened contemporary attitudes and practices restricting woman's access to knowledge and her freedom to make decisions and to act. (Author/DW)

  15. Shattering the Glass Ceiling: The Woman Manager.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davidson, Marilyn J.; Cooper, Cary L.

    This book highlights the major problems and stressors of being a woman in business and management and outlines some strategies that women managers can use to eliminate barriers and break through the glass ceiling. Chapter 1 provides an overview of women in management and business in the 1990s. Chapter 2 explores the nature of stress, costs of…

  16. What Happened to Woman the Gatherer?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zihlman, Adrienne L.

    Reactions to the "woman the gatherer" theory, introduced in the 1970's as an alternative to the "man the hunter" thesis in anthropology, have been to accept, ignore it, or combine it with the hunting theory. The "man the hunter" model stresses that primitive males hunted for meat and provided food and protection for their mates and children who…

  17. Grass Woman Stories. Blackfeet Heritage Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ground, Mary

    During her lifetime Mary Ground, whose Indian name is Grass Woman, has experienced extreme changes in the life of Blackfeet Indians. Born in 1883, she remembers the travois and teepee days as well as the change to reservation life when the reservation was a fenced compound patrolled by the U.S. military. She has seen the decline in the use of…

  18. From College Girl to Working Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowan, Susan

    Written for the woman just graduated from college who wants a big-city job, the book provides coverage of the job scene from New York to San Francisco and offers methods and suggestions on how to create an exciting new career. Tips on where to look for jobs, the resume, and the job interview are some of the introductory topics, followed by a…

  19. Fatal Monocytic Ehrlichiosis in Woman, Mexico, 2013

    PubMed Central

    Sosa-Gutierrez, Carolina G.; Solorzano-Santos, Fortino; Walker, David H.; Torres, Javier; Serrano, Carlos A.

    2016-01-01

    Human monocytic ehrlichiosis is a febrile illness caused by Ehrlichia chaffeensis, an intracellular bacterium transmitted by ticks. In Mexico, a case of E. chaffeensis infection in an immunocompetent 31-year-old woman without recognized tick bite was fatal. This diagnosis should be considered for patients with fever, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated liver enzyme levels. PMID:27088220

  20. Renaissance Woman: A Portrait of Carolyn Brodie

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kenney, Brian

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author profiles Carolyn Brodie, winner of this year's Scholastic Library Publishing Award. One can be completely charmed by Brodie's soft-spoken Arkansas accent, warm demeanor, and genteel manners. While the graciousness is authentic, the woman behind it is fearless, with a clear vision for youth services, remarkable tenacity,…

  1. Sherry Red Owl, Stands at Dawn Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crazy Bull, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    This article introduces Sherry Red Owl, also known as "Stands at Dawn Woman," because she greets each day as a new opportunity and has spent her life working at new things. She worked at Sinte Gleska University (SGU) during its founding years, taught at an elementary school when few Native teachers were employed in the school systems,…

  2. Can "Word Choices" Compromise a Woman's Career?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mendoza, Sylvia

    2011-01-01

    A letter of recommendation can catapult a woman into the next phase of the interview process for a particular job--or land her in the slush pile. Word choice in describing this female candidate can make or break her career. Letters of recommendation--especially when a reference's word choice paints a negative, less than stellar picture of the…

  3. Struma ovarii: hyperthyroidism in a postmenopausal woman

    SciTech Connect

    March, D.E.; Desai, A.G.; Park, C.H.; Hendricks, P.J.; Davis, P.S.

    1988-02-01

    A rare case of struma ovarii producing hyperthyroidism in a postmenopausal woman is reported. The ovarian tumor demonstrated uptake of both (/sup 99m/Tc)pertechnetate and /sup 131/I, allowing preoperative diagnosis of the condition. In females with unexplained hyperthyroidism and low /sup 131/I uptake by the cervical thyroid gland, imaging of the pelvis should be considered

  4. Safety and Immunogenicity of a Subvirion Monovalent Unadjuvanted Inactivated Influenza A(H3N2) Variant Vaccine in Healthy Persons ≥18 Years Old

    PubMed Central

    Keitel, Wendy A.; Jackson, Lisa A.; Edupuganti, Srilatha; Winokur, Patricia L.; Mulligan, Mark J.; Thornburg, Natalie J.; Patel, Shital M.; Rouphael, Nadine G.; Lai, Lilin; Bangaru, Sandhya; McNeal, Monica M.; Bellamy, Abbie R.; Hill, Heather R.; Bond, Nanette; Bosworth, Kathy; Brown, Janet; Banay, Jess; Cheesman, Coni; Lanford, Tracey; Munoz, Flor; Wells, Janet; Carste, Barb; Dunstan, Maya; Mathis, Angel; Parikh, Mihir; Phillips, C. Hallie; Spingola, Alyssa; Starkovich, Pat; Suyehira, Janice; Beck, Allison; Mask, Karen; Bower, Mary; Osinski, Eileen; Rimann, Nayoka; Turner, Pamela; Wang, DongLi; Stapleton, Jack; Won, Regina; Wagner, Nancy; Dull, Geraldine; Gerot, Necole; Reidy, Mary; Zhao, Dan; Segar, Ellen; Slaughter, James C.; McDonough, Megan; He, Fenhua; Salata, Robert; Meissner, Cody; Sheffield, Jeanne; Spigarelli, Michael; Greenberg, Stephen; Agrawal, Anoop; Dublin, Sascha; Arterburn, David; Rimland, David; Ribner, Bruce; Meier, Jeff; Buchanan, Wendy; Chang, Soju; Lambert, Linda; Murray, Suzanne; Riddle, Valerie; Spiro, David

    2015-01-01

    Background Variant influenza A(H3N2) viruses (H3N2v) have transmitted recently from pigs to humans in the United States. Vaccines strategies are needed. Methods Healthy adults received 2 doses of subvirion H3N2v vaccine (15 µg of hemagglutinin/dose) 21 days apart in this open-label trial. Serum hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) and neutralizing (Neut) antibody (Ab) titers were measured before and 8 and 21 days after each dose. Memory B-cell (MBC) responses were assessed. Results Vaccine was well tolerated. A total of 40% of subjects had an HAI Ab titer of ≥40 before vaccination. Eight-seven percent (95% confidence interval [CI], 79%–93%) and 73% (95% CI, 63%–81%) of subjects 18–64 years old (98 subjects) and ≥65 years old (90 subjects), respectively, had an HAI titer of ≥40 21 days after dose 1 (P = .01); 51% (95% CI, 41%–61%) and 52% (95% CI, 41%–62%) of younger and older subjects, respectively, developed ≥4-fold rises in titer (P = not significant). Neut Ab response patterns were similar. Geometric mean titers were higher in younger subjects. Dose 2 provided no significant enhancement in responses. Cross-reactive MBCs were detected before vaccination and expanded after vaccination. Preexisting H3N2v-specific MBCs positively correlated with early increases in vaccine-induced Ab. Conclusions In most healthy adults, one 15-µg dose of vaccine elicited levels of HAI Abs associated with protection. Studies in children and elderly individuals are indicated to define the immunization needs of these groups. Clinical Trials Registration NCT01746082. PMID:25649171

  5. [Quality of the diet of 18-year-old adolescents belonging to the birth cohort of 1993 in Pelotas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Castilhos, Cristina Bossle de; Schneider, Bruna Celestino; Muniz, Ludmila Correa; Assunção, Maria Cecília Formoso

    2015-11-01

    The scope of this article is to describe the quality of the diet of adolescents according to sociodemographic and behavioral factors. It involved a cross-sectional study with 3,959 eighteen-year-old adolescents belonging to the birth cohort of 1993 in Pelotas in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Dietary intake was assessed using a semi quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire with a recall period of 12 months. The diet quality was assessed using the Diet Quality Index Revised (DQI-R). This index ranges from 0 to 100 points and the higher the score, the better the diet quality. The overall DQI-R mean score was 62.4 points (DP). The lowest rates were observed for dark green and orange vegetables (3.0), total vegetables (3.4) and dairy products (3.6). Non-Caucasian adolescents (63.1), from families in which the heads of the household had less schooling (63.6) and belonging to the lowest quintile of the asset index (64.7) had higher average scores in the DQI-R. Lower averages were found among adolescents who smoked (58.5) and who consumed alcoholic beverages (56.0). This study showed that diet quality of the adolescents assessed deserve attention, especially with regard to the intake of vegetables, milk and dairy products. PMID:26602709

  6. Educational Design Initiatives in City Technology Colleges: A Study of Six Schools for 11-18 Year Olds, Having Particular Emphasis on Technology and Science. Building Bulletin 72.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Andy; Williamson, Beech; Tindall, Sarah

    Six City Technology Colleges (CTCs) were all site selected, built, and opened in under 2 years without being compromised by expense or loss of quality. This document examines this "fast-track" method of building projects using case studies of each school that illustrate the CTC concept and process. The CTC initiative is described including…

  7. Committed to work but vulnerable: Self-perceptions and mental health in NEET 18-year-olds from a contemporary British cohort

    PubMed Central

    Goldman-Mellor, Sidra; Caspi, Avshalom; Arseneault, Louise; Ajala, Nifemi; Ambler, Antony; Danese, Andrea; Fisher, Helen; Hucker, Abigail; Odgers, Candice; Williams, Teresa; Wong, Chloe; Moffitt, Terrie E.

    2016-01-01

    Background Labour market disengagement among youths has lasting negative economic and social consequences, yet is poorly understood. We compared four types of work-related self-perceptions, as well as vulnerability to mental health and substance abuse problems, among youths not in education, employment, or training (NEET) and among their peers. Methods Participants were from the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) longitudinal study, a nationally representative U.K. cohort of 2,232 twins born in 1994–95. We measured commitment to work, job-search effort, professional/technical skills, “soft” skills (e.g., teamwork, decision-making, communication), optimism about getting ahead, and mental health and substance-use disorders at age 18. We also examined childhood mental health. Results At age 18, 11.6% of participants were NEET. NEET participants reported themselves as committed to work and searching for jobs with greater diligence than their non-NEET peers. However, they reported fewer “soft” skills (B = −0.98, p < .001) and felt less optimistic about their likelihood of getting ahead in life (B = −2.41, p < .001). NEET youths also had higher rates of concurrent mental health and substance-abuse problems, but these did not explain the relationship with work-related self-perceptions. Nearly 60% of NEET (vs. 35% of non-NEET) youths had already experienced ≥1 mental health problem in childhood/adolescence. Associations of NEET status with concurrent mental health problems were independent of pre-existing mental health vulnerability. Conclusions Our findings indicate that while NEET is clearly an economic and mental health issue, it does not appear to be a motivation issue. Alongside skills, work-related self-perceptions and mental-health problems may be targets for intervention and service provision among this high-risk population. PMID:26791344

  8. Testing a model for parental acceptance of human papillomavirus vaccine in 9- to 18-year-old girls: a theory-guided study.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, Diane; O'Connell, Kathleen A

    2012-12-01

    Gardasil is the first vaccine developed to prevent cervical cancer and other diseases caused by certain types of genital human papillomavirus in females, but little is known about parental acceptance of this vaccine. The purpose of this study was to test a model that predicts intention to vaccinate that includes constructs from the health belief model and the theory of reasoned action. PMID:22020360

  9. Positive Association between Cognitive Ability and Cortical Thickness in a Representative US Sample of Healthy 6 to 18 Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karama, S.; Ad-Dab'bagh, Y.; Haier, R. J.; Deary, I. J.; Lyttelton, O. C.; Lepage, C.; Evans, A. C.

    2009-01-01

    Neuroimaging studies, using various modalities, have evidenced a link between the general intelligence factor (g) and regional brain function and structure in several multimodal association areas. While in the last few years, developments in computational neuroanatomy have made possible the "in vivo" quantification of cortical thickness, the…

  10. Fatness but Not Fitness Relative to the Fat-Free Mass Is Related to C-Reactive Protein in 18 Year-Old Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Hinriksdóttir, Gunnhildur; Tryggvadóttir, Ágústa; Ólafsdóttir, Anna Sigríður; Arngrímsson, Sigurbjörn Árni

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The interaction between fatness, fitness, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in adolescents is not well characterized but may be important to prevent low grade inflammation. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between adiposity, different expressions of fitness, and CRP in late adolescence using direct measures of fitness and fatness. Methods Anthropometric measurements were taken on 245 eighteen-year-old participants (116 girls). Fasting CRP, glucose, and insulin were measured and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) calculated. Body composition was estimated via dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Fitness was assessed with maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) during a treadmill test and also expressed relative to the fat-free mass (VO2maxFFM). Results Prevalence of overweight/obesity based on body mass index (BMI) was 20.7% and 25.6% among girls and boys, respectively (p = 0.407), but 42.5% and 58.1% when based on body fat percentage (%fat, p = 0.015). Higher proportion of boys (81.3%) than girls (54.5%) were highly fit (p<0.001), but the percentage of girls with high levels of CRP was greater (12.1% vs 6.2%, p = 0.028). Adiposity, indicated with BMI, waist circumference, fat mass, android fat mass (aFM), or %fat, was positively associated with CRP independent of VO2max (r = 0.13-0.18, p<0.05) and VO2maxFFM (r = 0.24-0.32, p<0.001). VO2max, was negatively associated with CRP independent only of BMI and waist circumference (r = -0.21, p = 0.001), but not %fat, fat mass or aFM (r = -0.08 to -0.12, p>0.05). VO2maxFFM was unrelated to CRP with (r = -0.07 to -0.11, p>0.05) or without (r = -0.10, p = 0.142) adjustment for adiposity. Additional adjustment for HOMA did not change any of the relationships, although the coefficients were attenuated. Conclusions Fatness has a greater association with CRP than fitness in late adolescence. However, VO2maxFFM, which is truly independent of adiposity, is unrelated to CRP, indicating that the effects of fitness might be mediated via the fatness component embedded in fitness expressed relative to body mass. PMID:26075745

  11. A Survey of Vocational Training Needs of 10-18 Years-Old Out-of-School Rural Youth in the North-East District of Botswana.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squire, P. J.

    2000-01-01

    A profile of 150 out-of-school rural Botswana youth revealed most were ages 16-18, 55% female, 52% with only primary education, and 60% unemployed. The majority chose farm occupations. Problems of rural areas included lack of educational and recreational facilities, employment security, health education, and access to land. Youth clubs, vocational…

  12. Pilomyxoid astrocytoma in an adult woman: Case report.

    PubMed

    Kibola, Adam H; McClelland, Shearwood; Hlavin, Joseph; Friedman, Jonathan A

    2015-01-01

    Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a recently classified WHO grade II astrocytoma that is histologically similar to pilocytic astrocytoma (PA). Both tumors typically present in childhood, but PMA is more aggressive with higher rates of recurrence and cerebrospinal fluid dissemination. Currently, there is no standardized treatment protocol for PMA although this will change with increased awareness of this disease entity within the neurosurgical community. We present a 22-year-old patient with a left frontal lobe PMA manifesting with atypical radiographic findings. This is the first reported case of PMA in an adult woman. PMID:26458706

  13. Laparoscopic repair of a Bochdalek hernia in an adult woman.

    PubMed

    Sutedja, Barlian; Muliani, Yenny

    2015-08-01

    Bochdalek hernia (BH) is a congenital defect of the diaphragm that usually presents in the neonatal period with life threatening cardiorespiratory distress. It is rare for BH to remain silent until adulthood. A 51-year-old woman presented with progressive dyspnea and abdominal symptoms, but without a history of trauma. The diagnosis of BH was made based on chest X-ray and CT. The hernia was repaired by the laparoscopic technique, and the patient made an uneventful recovery. This report validates the feasibility of laparoscopic repair of BH in an adult, which should be within the capability of an advanced laparoscopic surgeon. PMID:26303737

  14. Borrelial lymphocytoma--a case report of a pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    Moniuszko, Anna; Czupryna, Piotr; Pancewicz, Sławomir; Kondrusik, Maciej; Penza, Paweł; Zajkowska, Joanna

    2012-09-01

    Borrelial lymphocytoma (BL) is a rare cutaneous manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. Epidemiological data show that BL is more common in children than in adults. It presents as a single bluish-red swelling located on the earlobe in children, near the nipple in adults. In our paper, we present a case of a pregnant woman with BL, which appeared after tick bite and disappeared completely after antibiotic therapy. The aim of the paper was to emphasize that in tick-borne disease endemic areas BL should be taken into consideration in cases of skin lesions. PMID:22906496

  15. Odontogenic myxoma in a 52-year-old woman

    PubMed Central

    Ram, Hari; Mehta, Gagan; Kumar, Manoj; Lone, Parveen

    2014-01-01

    Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a rare benign but locally aggressive tumour of the jaws. It is usually seen in the second to third decade of life. Women are more frequently affected than men and it has more predilections for the mandible rather than the maxilla. OM presents as an asymptomatic swelling in most of the cases. Owing to the non-capsulated and aggressive nature of OM, a high rate of recurrence has been reported. Here we present a case of OM in a 52-year-old woman managed by segmental mandibulectomy. Sign of recurrence was seen after 18 months of follow-up. PMID:24859552

  16. Intussusception in a 20 weeks pregnant woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Tait, Rachel; Hassn, Ahmed

    2009-01-01

    Intussusception in pregnancy is rare and poses unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. We present the case of a 22 year old, 20 weeks pregnant woman who presented with acute abdominal pain. Following abdominal ultrasound scanning she was diagnosed with intussusception. The patient underwent laparotomy and a small bowel resection was performed without any post operative complications. We review the literature to give a concise and up to date summary on the diagnosis and treatment of the condition with particular emphasis on the recently recognised usefulness of ultrasound scanning. PMID:19918530

  17. Sudden cardiac arrest as a presentation of Brugada syndrome unmasked by thyroid storm.

    PubMed

    Korte, Anna K M; Derde, Lennie; van Wijk, Jeroen; Tjan, David H

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old man suffered a sudden cardiac arrest with ventricular fibrillation and was successfully resuscitated. He had neither a medical nor family history of cardiac disease/sudden death, but was known to have Graves' disease, for which he was treated with radioactive iodine. Recently, block-and-replacement therapy had been discontinued to evaluate thyroid functioning. On admission, thyroid hormone levels were markedly elevated, suggesting thyroid storm due to residual Graves' disease. The patient was treated with propylthiouracil, hydrocortisone and Lugol solution. ECG showed repolarisation patterns suggestive of an underlying type 1 Brugada syndrome (BS). These findings were confirmed by an additional ajmaline test. An implantable cardioverter defibrillator was implanted to prevent future arrhythmias. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy 9 months later and recovered completely. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a sudden cardiac arrest as a presentation of BS unmasked by thyroid storm. PMID:26718704

  18. Lichen Planus Pemphigoides Presenting Preferentially Over Preexisting Scars: A Rare Instance of Isotopic Phenomenon

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, Piyush; Savant, Sushil S; Das, Anupam; Hassan, Shahid; Barman, Panchami Deb

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old girl presented with multiple itchy hyperpigmented papules and plaques, along with tense blisters over the lower limbs and buttocks for last 3 months. These papules, plaques, and bullae were mostly localized to preexisting scars. The histopathological findings from papule and bulla were consistent with lichen planus (LP) and bullous pemphigoid, respectively. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) of perilesional skin around bulla showed linear deposition of IgG and C3. Considering clinical, histopathological and DIF findings, diagnosis of LP pemphigoides (LPP) was made. The preferential localization of LPP lesions over preexisting scars was a very interesting finding in our case an extremely rare instance of the isotopic phenomenon. PMID:26677275

  19. Lichen Planus Pemphigoides Presenting Preferentially Over Preexisting Scars: A Rare Instance of Isotopic Phenomenon.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Piyush; Savant, Sushil S; Das, Anupam; Hassan, Shahid; Barman, Panchami Deb

    2015-01-01

    An 18-year-old girl presented with multiple itchy hyperpigmented papules and plaques, along with tense blisters over the lower limbs and buttocks for last 3 months. These papules, plaques, and bullae were mostly localized to preexisting scars. The histopathological findings from papule and bulla were consistent with lichen planus (LP) and bullous pemphigoid, respectively. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) of perilesional skin around bulla showed linear deposition of IgG and C3. Considering clinical, histopathological and DIF findings, diagnosis of LP pemphigoides (LPP) was made. The preferential localization of LPP lesions over preexisting scars was a very interesting finding in our case an extremely rare instance of the isotopic phenomenon. PMID:26677275

  20. Oscar Wilde and the scarlet woman.

    PubMed

    Hanson, E

    1997-01-01

    In the late nineteenth century, England was embroiled in a political debate over the importation of Roman Catholic rituals into the Anglican Church, not to mention the re-establishment of the Roman Church itself in Great Britain. Victorian anti-Catholic rhetoric draws upon the figure of the Whore of Babylon to depict the Roman Catholic Church as the Scarlet Woman, a femme fatale who perverts Christianity and seduces Englishmen with elaborate rituals and lascivious whisperings in the confessional. In writing Salomé, Oscar Wilde played ironically on the hysterical eroticism of the No Popery movement by mining the paradox of biblical sensuality. He invested his play with a biblical wealth of archaic metaphors and gestures that took their cues from The Song of Songs and The Book of Revelation. He became the ecclesiastical dandy that evangelicals feared most, a poet enamored of the Scarlet Woman, a would-be convert who exposed the scandal of Christianity as art. PMID:9378935

  1. [Aged woman's vulnerability related to AIDS].

    PubMed

    Silva, Carla Marins; Lopes, Fernanda Maria do Valle Martins; Vargens, Octavio Muniz da Costa

    2010-09-01

    This article is a systhematic literature review including the period from 1994 to 2009, whose objective was to discuss the aged woman's vulnerability in relation to Acquired Imunodeficiency Syndrome (Aids). The search for scientific texts was accomplished in the following databases: Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS) and Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE). The descriptors used were vulnerability, woman and Aids. Eighteen texts were analyzed, including articles in scientific journals, thesis and dissertations. As a conclusion, it was noted that aged women and vulnerability to Aids are directly related, through gender characteristics including submission and that were built historical and socially. We consider as fundamental the development of studies which may generate publications accessible to women, in order to help them see themselves as persons vulnerable to Aids contagion just for being women. PMID:21574329

  2. [Assistance to the climacteric woman: new paradigms].

    PubMed

    Lorenzi, Dino Roberto Soares De; Catan, Lenita Binelli; Moreira, Karen; Artico, Graziela Rech

    2009-01-01

    Population aging is a demographic reality for Brazil. Consequently, in the next years it is expected a progressive increase in seeking health care services in the country by women with complaints related to climacterium. Parallel to it, assistance at this part of woman's life has been going through a paradigm shift which has imposed to health professionals a change of attitude in relation to this stage of woman's life. Today it is acknowledged that the climacterium is influenced by biological, psychosocial and cultural factors, whose knowledge is fundamental for planning a more qualified and humanized care. This article proposes a reflection on the paradigm shifts in assistance at climacterium, highlighting important aspects as multidisciplinarity and interdisciplinarity, so as to serve better this portion of population, and provide it with more integrated and individualized care, bringing together knowledge and sensitivity, and always aiming at a better quality of life. PMID:19430691

  3. Violence May Raise a Woman's Risk for Stroke

    MedlinePlus

    ... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_157585.html Violence May Raise a Woman's Risk for Stroke Victims ... 4, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Being a victim of violence may increase a woman's risk of blood vessel ...

  4. The Old Woman, California, IIAB iron meteorite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Plotkin, Howard; Clarke, Roy S.; McCoy, Timothy J.; Corrigan, Catherine M.

    2012-05-01

    The Old Woman meteorite, discovered in March 1976 by two prospectors searching for a fabled lost Spanish gold mine in mountains ˜270 km east of Los Angeles, has achieved the status of a legend among meteorite hunters and collectors. The question of the ownership of the 2753 kg group IIAB meteorite, the second largest ever found in the United States (34°28'N, 115°14'W), gave rise to disputes involving the finders, the Bureau of Land Management, the Secretary of the Department of the Interior, the State of California, the California members of the U.S. Congress, various museums in California, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Department of Justice. Ultimately, ownership of the meteorite was transferred to the Smithsonian under the powers of the 1906 Antiquities Act, a ruling upheld in a U.S. District Court and a U.S. Court of Appeals. After additional debate, the Smithsonian removed a large cut for study and curation, and for disbursement of specimens to qualified researchers. The main mass was then returned to California on long-term loan to the Bureau of Land Management's Desert Discovery Center in Barstow. The Old Woman meteorite litigation served as an important test case for the ownership and control of meteorites found on federal lands. The Old Woman meteorite appears to be structurally unique in containing both hexahedral and coarsest octahedral structures in the same mass, unique oriented schreibersites within hexahedral areas, and polycrystalline parent austenite crystals. These structures suggest that different portions of the meteorite may have transformed via different mechanisms upon subsolidus cooling, making the large slices of Old Woman promising targets for future research.

  5. [A woman with palmar and plantar hyperpigmentation].

    PubMed

    van Tienhoven, Geertjan; Wilmink, J W Hanneke

    2011-01-01

    A 60-year-old Ghanese woman was treated with radiotherapy and capecitabine for metastatic breast cancer. 6 weeks after starting capecitabine she developed palmar and plantar hyperpigmentation, which preceded symptoms of hand-foot syndrome, a known adverse effect of capecitabine. After a dose reduction, the hand-foot syndrome diminished but the hyperpigmentation remained. 8 months later the patient was well and stable. PMID:22085578

  6. Mucinous Borderline Ovarian Tumor in Very Old Aged Postmenopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Seung-Hee; Lee, Hae-Hyeog; Lee, Arum; Kim, Yeon-Suk; Jeon, Dong-Su; Kwak, Jeong Ja; Yang, Yo-Sep

    2015-01-01

    Mucinous borderline ovarian tumors (BOTs) occur most often in women between the ages of 20 and 30. Early-stage detection of the condition has a more favorable prognosis. In this case report, the authors present an elderly 93-year old woman who visited our hospital due to severe abdominal pain after being diagnosed with a pelvic mass 2 years ago and not undergoing any treatment since the diagnosis was made. She underwent emergency left salpingo-oophorectomy and was diagnosed with mucinous BOT according to biopsy results. PMID:26793682

  7. Bilateral breast swelling in a 23-year-old woman with Burkitt lymphoma.

    PubMed

    Janbabai, Ghasem; Kayedimajd, Shaghayegh; Alian, Shahriar; Naghshvar, Farshad; Rashidi, Masoumeh; Farazmandfar, Touraj

    2012-12-01

    Primary breast lymphoma (PBL) of the breast is a rare type of localized non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which is usually of the B-cell. The majority of breast lymphoma present as a unilateral painless breast masses in an older woman, average age at diagnosis 55-60. A less common but distinctive presentation is a young woman of childbearing age who presents during or immediately after pregnancy. We present a 23-year-old postpartum woman with bilateral breast swelling. After surgical drainage and debridement and pathologic examination, the diagnosis of breast Burkitt lymphoma (BL) was confirmed. Chemotherapy was immediately started for her and the patient showed a good response with complete remission. PMID:23853639

  8. Bilateral breast swelling in a 23-year-old woman with Burkitt lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    Janbabai, Ghasem; Kayedimajd, Shaghayegh; Alian, Shahriar; Naghshvar, Farshad; Rashidi, Masoumeh; Farazmandfar, Touraj

    2012-01-01

    Primary breast lymphoma (PBL) of the breast is a rare type of localized non-Hodgkin lymphoma, which is usually of the B-cell. The majority of breast lymphoma present as a unilateral painless breast masses in an older woman, average age at diagnosis 55-60. A less common but distinctive presentation is a young woman of childbearing age who presents during or immediately after pregnancy. We present a 23-year-old postpartum woman with bilateral breast swelling. After surgical drainage and debridement and pathologic examination, the diagnosis of breast Burkitt lymphoma (BL) was confirmed. Chemotherapy was immediately started for her and the patient showed a good response with complete remission. PMID:23853639

  9. Isolation of Left Common Carotid Artery with Its Origin Proximal to Patent Ductus Arteriosus Presenting in Adult Age

    PubMed Central

    Joshi, Anagha R.; Joshi, Saurabh; Kale, Kiran; Jain, Rahul; Bava, Jernail Singh

    2016-01-01

    Anomalies of aortic arch are a common occurrence. Such anomalies of right sided aortic arch with its various branching patterns are of clinical importance. Rarer anomalies include isolation (deficient connection) of either left subclavian artery or left common carotid artery; that is, they do not have their origin from aorta or its major branches. We present a case of an 18-year-old male who presented with gradual onset pulsatile swelling with bruit in neck on left side and was evaluated by CT brain and neck angiography. CT angiography revealed right sided aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery and isolated left common carotid artery. Very few cases of such an anomaly have been documented in the literature but none in an adult. PMID:27213071

  10. A case of sigmoid colon duplication in an adult woman.

    PubMed

    Al-Jaroof, Abdulla Hassan; Al-Zayer, Faisal; Meshikhes, Abdul-Wahed Nasir

    2014-01-01

    Colonic duplication is a rare congenital anomaly that is often diagnosed in childhood, but may go unrecognised until adulthood. It often presents with chronic abdominal pain and constipation, and the preoperative diagnosis may be difficult. We present a case of sigmoid duplication in a 33-year-old Indonesian woman who presented with right-sided colicky abdominal pain and vomiting. Clinical examination was unremarkable and radiological investigations raised the possibility of a giant colon diverticulum. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy that revealed a tubular sigmoid duplication. A sigmoid colectomy with end-to-end anastomosis was performed. She was discharged a week later and remained well at 1 year follow-up. Colon duplications rarely present in adult life and the accurate diagnosis is often made at laparotomy. PMID:25096653

  11. A ray of hope for a woman with Sheehan's syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Jain, Deepti

    2013-01-01

    A 25-year-old woman presented with a history of secondary amenorrhoea for the last 3 years, coinciding with her delivery. She delivered at home and had massive postpartum haemorrhage. She was brought in a state of circulatory collapse to the nearest teaching hospital, where she was resuscitated. She developed anaemia, septicaemia and extradural empyema. The complications were managed and the woman improved. Presently, she approached us for infertility. She was investigated and diagnosed with postpartum hypopituitarism, that is, Sheehan's syndrome. Her gonadotrophin levels, luteinising hormone/follicle-stimulating hormone, were normal, serum oestradiol was low and serum prolactin was also on the lower side. She had started with genital atrophy and was given three cycles of cyclic oestrogen +progesterone combination. Ovulation was induced. She conceived and her antenatal period was uneventful. She delivered a full-term baby vaginally. However, she had inadequate lactation after delivery and lost the baby at one-and-a-half months’ age due to gastroenteritis. PMID:23386498

  12. The Needs of the Spanish Speaking Mujer [Woman] in Woman-Manpower Training Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nieto-Gomez, Anna

    Although the Spanish Speaking woman is usually considered to be outside the labor market, 36 percent of the 52 percent Spanish Speaking women were in the labor force in March 1972. These women suffer economic-sexist discrimination due to ascription of work according to sex and race by a racial-sexual hierarchy existing within the traditional…

  13. Resolution of cervical radiculopathy in a woman after chiropractic manipulation

    PubMed Central

    Whalen, Wayne M.

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Objective To describe a case regarding a woman with 2-level cervical disk herniation with radicular symptoms conservatively treated with chiropractic care including high-velocity, low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation with complete resolution of her symptoms. Clinical Features A 40-year-old woman developed right finger paresthesia and neck pain. Results of electrodiagnostics were normal, but clinical examination revealed subtle findings of cervical radiculopathy. A subsequent magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large right posterolateral disk protrusion and spur impinging on the right hemicord with moderate to severe central canal and right neuroforaminal stenosis at C5-6 and C6-7. She was treated with HVLA manipulation to the cervical spine, as well as soft tissue techniques, traction, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and exercise. Intervention and Outcome Her clinical findings and symptoms resolved within 90 days of initiating care and did not return in 1 year. There were no untoward effects, including transient ones. Conclusion This case describes the clinical presentation and course of a patient with multilevel large herniated disks and associated radiculopathy who was treated with HVLA manipulation and other conservative approaches and appeared to have good outcomes. PMID:19674715

  14. Preoperative Emboli in a Pregnant Woman with Myxoma.

    PubMed

    Sabzi, Freidoun; Faraji, Reza

    2016-07-01

    The left atrium is the most common location of myxomas, which are benign tumors. Only a few cases of myxomas in pregnancies have been reported. Our thorough medical literature search showed only 17 reported cases in the course of pregnancy. Myxomas during pregnancy and in the preterm period constitute a serious phenomenon that can mimic an early sign of a life-threatening pathology like severe mitral stenosis. We describe a 33-year-old woman, who presented with acute dyspnea to a gynecology center and was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of pulmonary embolism. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a huge left atrial myxoma, and computed tomography scan illustrated paradoxical pulmonary embolism in the left upper lung lobe via a large patent foramen ovale. The tumor required urgent cardiac surgery. In this article, we review causes of dyspnea in pregnancy and the cardiovascular effects of myxomas in pregnancy. We also describe the pathophysiological effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on the mother, fetus, and the feto-placental system during open-heart surgery. We performed a successful surgical resection of a myxoma in a pregnant woman. Given the rarity of such cases, individual multidisciplinary assessment and management strategies are essential. PMID:27365558

  15. Preoperative Emboli in a Pregnant Woman with Myxoma

    PubMed Central

    Sabzi, Freidoun; Faraji, Reza

    2016-01-01

    The left atrium is the most common location of myxomas, which are benign tumors. Only a few cases of myxomas in pregnancies have been reported. Our thorough medical literature search showed only 17 reported cases in the course of pregnancy. Myxomas during pregnancy and in the preterm period constitute a serious phenomenon that can mimic an early sign of a life-threatening pathology like severe mitral stenosis. We describe a 33-year-old woman, who presented with acute dyspnea to a gynecology center and was referred to our hospital for further evaluation of pulmonary embolism. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a huge left atrial myxoma, and computed tomography scan illustrated paradoxical pulmonary embolism in the left upper lung lobe via a large patent foramen ovale. The tumor required urgent cardiac surgery. In this article, we review causes of dyspnea in pregnancy and the cardiovascular effects of myxomas in pregnancy. We also describe the pathophysiological effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on the mother, fetus, and the feto-placental system during open-heart surgery. We performed a successful surgical resection of a myxoma in a pregnant woman. Given the rarity of such cases, individual multidisciplinary assessment and management strategies are essential. PMID:27365558

  16. Woman abuse in South Africa: an exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Dangor, Z; Hoff, L A; Scott, R

    1998-04-01

    This study aims to address the problem of woman abuse in South Africa as a basis for program development for survivors of violence. It also presents documentation for the expansion of social, health, and legal services for abused women and children. Ethnographic interviews were conducted on 37 South African women from various community settings and institutions in the Johannesburg region. Two focus groups discussed issues from the interview data. Two aspects of woman abused in South Africa were revealed in this study, namely, the endemic culture of violence, and the existence of cheap labor of domestic workers. It was observed that women abuse and sexual assault are rampant because of the endemic culture of violence and by customs, culture, and tradition which tends to objectify women and make them feel like male property. Regarding child and elderly abuse, it appears that more cases are being reported in South Africa. This study confirms the need for national survey data and in-depth research with abused women themselves in order to acquire a clearer picture of the personal, familial, and societal costs of violence against women. Furthermore, acknowledgement of domestic violence and its overall burden on community stability and health is vital in implementing reforms in South Africa. PMID:12295438

  17. [Human granulocytic ehrlichiosis co-incident with Lyme borreliosis in pregnant woman--a case study].

    PubMed

    Brzostek, Teresa

    2004-01-01

    A case of 25 years old woman, living in an endemic area for Lyme borreliosis was examined. In 29 th week of pregnancy thrombocytopenia, fever and fatigue were observed, in the last 7 weeks erythema migrans was present. The woman was not treated by that time. The infant presented thrombocytopenia in the first few weeks of life. 3 months after delivery erythema migrans disseminata was observed, by that time Lyme borreliosis and HGE were serologically confirmed. It was not confirmed that the infection was transferred to the infant, but it is possible that thrombocytopenia was caused by the infection with A. phagocytophila. PMID:15517809

  18. Progressive outer retinal necrosis: a missed diagnosis and a blind, young woman.

    PubMed

    Parekh, Parth; Oldfield, Edward C; Marik, Paul E

    2013-01-01

    We present a 33-year-old woman with a history significant for HIV/AIDS (CD4 count of 17) and diabetes mellitus who was diagnosed as having progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) after presenting with peripheral vision loss. This case provided a diagnostic challenge and demonstrates the devastating effects of a misdiagnosis as it pertains to PORN. PMID:23608868

  19. A young pregnant woman with spontaneous carotid artery dissection––unknown mechanisms

    PubMed Central

    Mohammed, Ishaq; Aaland, Maria; Khan, Nasrin; Crossley, Ian

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous carotid artery dissection in pregnancy has not been reported before. We present a case of a 31-year-old Caucasian woman who was 11 weeks pregnant and presented with neck pain, headache, vomiting and left side Horner's syndrome. Subsequent investigations with MR angiography confirmed spontaneous left internal carotid artery dissection. PMID:24879721

  20. Progressive outer retinal necrosis: a missed diagnosis and a blind, young woman

    PubMed Central

    Parekh, Parth; Oldfield, Edward C; Marik, Paul E

    2013-01-01

    We present a 33-year-old woman with a history significant for HIV/AIDS (CD4 count of 17) and diabetes mellitus who was diagnosed as having progressive outer retinal necrosis (PORN) after presenting with peripheral vision loss. This case provided a diagnostic challenge and demonstrates the devastating effects of a misdiagnosis as it pertains to PORN. PMID:23608868

  1. Physical fitness for the mature woman.

    PubMed

    Idiculla, A A; Goldberg, G

    1987-01-01

    postmenopausal phase of life. Every mature woman ought to carefully consider choosing to pursue an appropriate goal: active participation in a specific exercise program under medical supervision. The health care system should be fully responsive to the special needs of the mature woman, and the importance of providing programs of physical activity designed to address these needs should be recognized. For the postmenopausal woman, the advantages of achieving a state of physical fitness are many.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:3543540

  2. The effects of children's presence on woman abuse.

    PubMed

    Hutchison, I W; Hirschel, J D

    2001-02-01

    The association between the presence of children and woman abuse was investigated. Data were collected from 419 women who had called the police because of an abusive incident involving their male partner. Minor children were present in the home in 3/4 of the cases and were frequent witnesses to the abusive incident. In more than 1/2 of the cases, children had witnessed the assault according to the victims; 2/3 of the victims reported that children had seen the police when they arrived. There was almost no association between the presence of children in the home and assault on women: the presence of children was not associated with cumulative incidence of abuse, severity of abuse, degree of injury, or the victim's decision-making process in calling the police. However, police were more likely to provide information and referrals to shelters when children were present. PMID:11281222

  3. Exercise-Induced Syncope in a Sedentary Woman

    PubMed Central

    Rickard, John W.; Zakaria, Sammy

    2014-01-01

    Vasovagal (neurocardiogenic) syncope, a subtype of reflex syncope, has many well-known triggers. However, we found no previous report of vasovagal exercise-induced syncope in a sedentary person. We present the case of a 35-year-old sedentary woman who experienced vasovagal syncope as she underwent an exercise stress test. Results of evaluations, including resting and stress electrocardiography and echocardiography, were normal. Her presentation is highly unusual: syncope has typically not been associated with exercise except in young athletes, people with structural heart abnormalities, or people with a prolonged QT syndrome. To our knowledge, this is the first report of vasovagal syncope associated with exercise in a sedentary patient who had normal cardiac and electrophysiologic function. We suggest possible physiologic mechanisms and diagnostic strategies. PMID:25593529

  4. Primary Cardiac Angiosarcoma in a Middle Aged Woman

    PubMed Central

    Jalalian, Rozita; Naghshvar, Farshad; Habibi, Valiollah; Hakakian, Vahid; Namazi, Morteza

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Primary cardiac angiosarcoma is the most common primary sarcoma in adults between the 3rd and 4th decades of life. Nearly 90% of angiosarcomas occur in the right atrium, which is responsible for the late onset of symptoms. Case Presentation: We presented a 56-year-old woman admitted to our center with lung emboli symptoms. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography (TTE and TEE) demonstrated very large size (more than 10 cm diameter) multilobulated mass with mobile particles extended from the right atrium to the right ventricle and the right ventricular outflow tract which destructed the right atrium (RA) wall and penetrated to the pericardial space. Conclusions: Unfortunately the tumor was unresectable and just an incisional biopsy was performed. She received chemotherapy as palliative care. PMID:26328065

  5. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia in a post-partum woman.

    PubMed

    Abdullah, M

    2003-03-01

    Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is rare in adults. We report a 24 year old woman presenting with shortness of breath, chest pain and nausea after the birth of her first baby. Clinical examination, plain radiography and a CT scan revealed herniation of abdominal contents into her left chest. Via a midline laparotomy, the contents were reduced and the defect repaired, using a mesh. She remains symptom-free three years since her surgery and even after a second childbirth. A brief review of the literature reporting adult diaphragmatic hernia of congenital origin accompanies this case report. We conclude that symptomatic CDH in adults usually presents as an emergency with gastrointestinal and occasionally respiratory complications. Early diagnosis and repair is essential to avoid subsequent morbidity and mortality. PMID:14556332

  6. Generalized Hypertrichosis Induced by Topical Minoxidil in an Adult Woman.

    PubMed

    Chellini, Patrícia Rocha; Pirmez, Rodrigo; Raso, Paula; Sodré, Celso T

    2015-01-01

    Hypertrichosis is a common side effect of topical minoxidil and has been reported to occur mainly close to the areas of application. In this paper, we present a case of a 26-year-old woman who developed generalized hypertrichosis 8 weeks after treatment with 5% topical minoxidil solution for alopecia areata. Generalized hypertrichosis is a rare side effect and has been described mainly in children and adolescents. Even though minoxidil is commonly prescribed for alopecia areata, there is insufficient evidence to support its systematic use and the occurrence of adverse effects should prompt drug interruption. Nonetheless, topical minoxidil has been shown to be a safe medication for adult patients, and we believe that the present case was an isolated one, possibly resulting from the misuse of the drug. PMID:26903750

  7. Generalized Hypertrichosis Induced by Topical Minoxidil in an Adult Woman

    PubMed Central

    Chellini, Patrícia Rocha; Pirmez, Rodrigo; Raso, Paula; Sodré, Celso T

    2015-01-01

    Hypertrichosis is a common side effect of topical minoxidil and has been reported to occur mainly close to the areas of application. In this paper, we present a case of a 26-year-old woman who developed generalized hypertrichosis 8 weeks after treatment with 5% topical minoxidil solution for alopecia areata. Generalized hypertrichosis is a rare side effect and has been described mainly in children and adolescents. Even though minoxidil is commonly prescribed for alopecia areata, there is insufficient evidence to support its systematic use and the occurrence of adverse effects should prompt drug interruption. Nonetheless, topical minoxidil has been shown to be a safe medication for adult patients, and we believe that the present case was an isolated one, possibly resulting from the misuse of the drug. PMID:26903750

  8. [Urinary infection in the pregnant woman].

    PubMed

    Delcroix, M; Zone, V; Cheront, C; Adam, M H; Duquesne, G; Noel, A M

    1994-05-01

    Urinary tract infections are common during pregnancy. When unrecognized, they can be responsible for complications such as threatened premature labour and impaired intra-uterine development. Detection and appropriate treatment are thus essential. This article reviews the pathophysiology of urinary tract infections during pregnancy and the three major entities involved--different but related to each other--are detailed (significant asymptomatic bacteriuria or SAB, acute cystitis and acute pyelonephritis), together with their specific treatment. SAB tends to persist during pregnancy, then leading in the absence of treatment to a potentially serious complication (acute pyelonephritis) in approximately one woman in five. SAB should be sought at the first prenatal visit by microscopic and bacteriological examination of a properly obtained urine specimen. Lower genital infections should also be sought and treated, without forgetting to remind the patient of preventive measures (adequate hygiene, sufficient urine output, post-coital micturition, regular bowel habit). PMID:8036390

  9. Collins named First Woman Shuttle Commander

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Showstack, Randy

    Just a few hours after NASA revealed that there is water ice on the Moon, U.S. First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton introduced Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Eileen Collins to a packed auditorium at Dunbar Senior High School in Washington, D.C., as the first woman who will command a NASA space shuttle mission. With students at this school, which is noted for its pre-engineering program, cheering, Clinton said that Collins' selection “is one big step forward for women and one giant step for humanity.” Clinton added, “It doesn't matter if you are a boy or a girl, you can be an astronaut or a pilot, if you get a first-rate education in math and science.”

  10. An Atypical Case of Lymphocytic Panhypophysitis in a Pregnant Woman.

    PubMed

    Davies, Emma C; Jakobiec, Frederick A; Stagner, Anna M; Rizzo, Joseph F

    2016-09-01

    We describe a case of lymphocytic panhypophysitis (LPH) in a 30-year-old woman presenting with throbbing headaches and vision changes during her third trimester. LPH is the rarest subclassification of lymphocytic hypophysitis; it is typically found in males and has not previously been associated with pregnancy. Anterior and posterior pituitary deficits together with headaches should raise a high degree of suspicion regarding the possibility of LPH. The atypical magnetic resonance imaging finding of a heterogeneous pituitary mass additionally raised concern about pituitary apoplexy. Tissue from a transsphenoidal biopsy permitted diagnosis of lymphocytic hypophysitis. There was infiltration of the pituitary gland by small B and T lymphocytes. Resolution of the visual symptoms occurred after the biopsy and treatment with intravenous steroids. PMID:27008424

  11. Dorrit Hoffleit: A Century of being a Woman in Astronomy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoffleit, Dorrit; Gay, P. L.

    2006-12-01

    From working as one of Harlan J. Smith's female calculators in 1928 to running Maria Mitchell Observatory in 1957 to being an emeritus research scientist at Yale University today, Dr. Dorrit Hoffleit has been a professional woman in astronomy for 78 years and an astronomy lover for a century. She has faced both accolades, starting with the Carolyn Wilby Prize in 1938 for her dissertation work, as well as discrimination, most notably being hired at the Aberdeen Proving Ground at a sub-professional rating during WWII. Through both good and bad, she kept her eye on the stars, and her focus on doing the best work she could. In this presentation, Dr. Hoffleit reflects on her experiences and her inspirations in an video-interview. Additionally, archival film provided by the AAVSO will be shown.

  12. Primary laryngeal actinomycosis in an immunosuppressed woman: a case report.

    PubMed

    Abed, Tarik; Ahmed, Jay; O'Shea, Niamh; Payne, Simon; Watters, Gavin W

    2013-07-01

    We report a rare case of primary laryngeal actinomycosis, which occurred in a 35-year-old woman with end-stage renal failure secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus with membranous glomerulonephritis. The patient, who had been on long-term immunosuppression therapy, presented with hoarseness. Flexible laryngoscopy detected the presence of a granular glottic mass at the anterior commissure of the larynx. Histology revealed actinomycotic organisms associated with an abscess. The patient was treated with a prolonged course of oral penicillin V and speech therapy, and her dysphonia resolved almost completely. Although actinomycotic infection of the larynx is rare, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hoarseness in an immunocompromised patient. PMID:23904305

  13. Uterine Clear Cell Carcinoma of Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Chung, Soo-Ho

    2016-01-01

    Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Clear cell carcinoma typically occurs in the ovaries, and very rarely occurs in the endometrium; it accounts for less than 3% of all endometrial cancers. It is presumed that clear cell carcinomas are of Müllerian duct origin, and an association with exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) or other nonsteroidal follicle stimulating hormones has been described. We report a case of a postmenopausal woman who presented with vaginal bleeding without a specific medical history. Under the impression of an endometrial mass, we performed a laparoscopic operation. Pathologic results showed clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium. Depth of invasion was 0.2 cm out of a 0.5 cm total thickness, and the rectal shelf mass was clear cell carcinoma. We report the case with a brief review of the relevant literature. PMID:27617248

  14. Uterine Clear Cell Carcinoma of Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Chung, Soo-Ho; Park, Jung-Woo

    2016-08-01

    Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. Clear cell carcinoma typically occurs in the ovaries, and very rarely occurs in the endometrium; it accounts for less than 3% of all endometrial cancers. It is presumed that clear cell carcinomas are of Müllerian duct origin, and an association with exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) or other nonsteroidal follicle stimulating hormones has been described. We report a case of a postmenopausal woman who presented with vaginal bleeding without a specific medical history. Under the impression of an endometrial mass, we performed a laparoscopic operation. Pathologic results showed clear cell carcinoma of the endometrium. Depth of invasion was 0.2 cm out of a 0.5 cm total thickness, and the rectal shelf mass was clear cell carcinoma. We report the case with a brief review of the relevant literature. PMID:27617248

  15. Treatment of a Woman With Emetophobia: A Trauma Focused Approach

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    A disproportionate fear of vomiting, or emetophobia, is a chronic and disabling condition which is characterized by a tendency to avoid a wide array of situations or activities that might increase the risk of vomiting. Unlike many other subtypes of specific phobia, emetophobia is fairly difficult to treat. In fact, there are only a few published cases in the literature. This paper presents a case of a 46-year old woman with emetophobia in which a trauma-focused treatment approach was applied; that is, an approach particularly aimed at processing disturbing memories of a series of events which were considered to be causal in the etiology of her condition. Four therapy sessions of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) produced a lasting decrease in symptomatology. A 3-year follow up showed no indication of relapse. PMID:25478106

  16. Treatment of a woman with emetophobia: a trauma focused approach.

    PubMed

    de Jongh, Ad

    2012-07-26

    A disproportionate fear of vomiting, or emetophobia, is a chronic and disabling condition which is characterized by a tendency to avoid a wide array of situations or activities that might increase the risk of vomiting. Unlike many other subtypes of specific phobia, emetophobia is fairly difficult to treat. In fact, there are only a few published cases in the literature. This paper presents a case of a 46-year old woman with emetophobia in which a trauma-focused treatment approach was applied; that is, an approach particularly aimed at processing disturbing memories of a series of events which were considered to be causal in the etiology of her condition. Four therapy sessions of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) produced a lasting decrease in symptomatology. A 3-year follow up showed no indication of relapse. PMID:25478106

  17. [Acute kidney failure and renal replacement therapy after colonoscopy in a 63-year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Bös, D

    2015-11-01

    A 63-year-old woman presented with intestinal disorder, alternating between obstipation and diarrhoea. Sodium phosphate/diphosphate (Fleet®) was used in preparation for colonoscopy. Within 24 h the patient developed severe hyperphosphatemia and oliguric acute kidney failure with the need of renal replacement therapy. This case illustrates the rare event of phosphate nephropathy after colonoscopy. PMID:26482077

  18. Parallels in Academic and Nonacademic Discursive Styles: An Analysis of a Mexican Woman's Narrative Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barajas, E. Dominguez

    2007-01-01

    This article presents a rhetorical analysis of a Mexican woman's oral narrative performance using a discourse studies and interactional sociolinguistics framework. The results of the analysis suggest that the discursive practice of the oral narrative and that of academic discourse share certain rhetorical features. These features are (a) the…

  19. Simple nephrectomy in a young woman for recurrent pyelonephritis utilizing laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS).

    PubMed

    Preston, Mark A; Watterson, James D; Blew, Brian Dm

    2011-12-01

    Minimally invasive surgery is rapidly evolving due to new technology and techniques designed to improve patient outcomes. We report a case of a young woman with an atrophic kidney secondary to reflux nephropathy, suffering from recurrent episodes of pyelonephritis. She was treated successfully using laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS). We also present a review of the literature. PMID:22154177

  20. Acute inferior homonymous quandrantanopia in a 71-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Vachalová, Ivana; Gindl, Viola; Heckmann, Josef G

    2014-04-01

    A 71-year-old woman presented with acute inferior homonymous quadrantanopia initially mimicking acute ischemic stroke. As clinical signs and symptoms progressed to akinetic mutism with myoclonus the diagnosis of the Heidenhain variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was made. Brain MRI 4 days after symptom onset revealed ribbon-like high signal intensity in the medial occipital cortex. PMID:24210803

  1. Choices & Careers; Free to Choose: Being an Indian Woman - Unit for Adults. Leaders Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strong, Lois Metoxen

    This leaders' guide, composed of three sections, is based on other booklets of the "Choices and Careers" series. "Traditional Roles" uses "Being an Indian Woman" for background information and promotes discussion of traditional roles of Indian women and points out stereotypes still existing. Bridging the gap between the past and present, it…

  2. You Can Be a Woman Egyptologist. Careers in Archaeology, Part I.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryan, Betsy Morrell; Cohen, Judith Love

    This booklet stresses the value of various academic studies (e.g., history, language, art, archaeology) as prerequisites for a career in Egyptology, by depicting real women whose careers provide inspirational role models. The first section is a text designed for use by elementary students and presents the career of Egyptology from a woman's point…

  3. Effects of a Youth Culture on Feelings and Attitudes of the Middle Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Florence Perkell

    To determine the relationship between attitudes and feelings of the middle woman, aged 35-55, and the present youth culture, both intrapsychic factors and environmental conditioning, as well as historic/cultural reasons were examined, using an attitudinal survey, administered to a sample population of middle to upper class suburban women.…

  4. Mi Vecina es una Mujer Colpeada (My Neighbor Is a Battered Woman).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Melissa

    This book, the Spanish version of "My Neighbor is a Battered Woman," is intended as a general introduction to the problems of battered women. The format for part 1 consists of the presentation of facts about wife beating, i.e., who are victims, characteristics of batterers, the environment in which family violence exists, and services for battered…

  5. Confusion and Slurred Speech in a 34-Year-Old Woman from India

    PubMed Central

    Chugh, Chandril; Wadhwani, N.; Biller, José

    2011-01-01

    A 34-year-old woman from India, presented with episodes of confusion and progressive speech deterioration. She also had a painless neck “lump”, which persisted despite antibiotics. She was diagnosed to have a space occupying lesion in the left parietal lobe, which was subsequently biopsied. PMID:21687701

  6. The responsibility objection to abortion: rejecting the notion that the responsibility objection successfully refutes a woman's right to choose.

    PubMed

    McDaniel, Ian

    2015-05-01

    This article considers the objection to abortion that a woman who voluntarily engages in sexual activity is responsible for her fetus and so cannot have an abortion. The conclusion argued for is that the conceptions of responsibility that can ground the objection that are considered do not necessitate a requirement on the part of a pregnant woman to carry her pregnancy to term. Thus, the iterations of the responsibility objection presented cannot be used to curtail reproductive choice. PMID:24720545

  7. The Woman Educator: Designer of the '70s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Woman's Univ., Denton. Coll. of Education.

    The proceedings of a symposium, this report consists primarily of the paper by Ted Booker describing the woman educator of the '70s. It outlines previously accepted concepts and practices that must be rejected, and the principal dimensions of the effective woman teacher: (1) as a person who can choose; (2) as a functional specialist; (3) as a…

  8. Turning the Tables: The Woman Therapist and the Man Patient.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gornick, Lisa K.

    There is little attention in the literature to the dyad of the woman therapist and the man patient; as a result, the woman therapist is faced with a poverty of theoretical accounts upon which she can draw in her clinical work. Although analytically-oriented work must focus on individual histories rather than cultural internalizations, analysis of…

  9. Lakota Woman: Authentic Culture on Film or Exploitation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merritt, Judy

    1994-01-01

    Reviews the movie "Lakota Woman," the story of Mary Crow Dog, a young woman who gave birth to her first child during the American Indian Movement's occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, in 1973. Although the majority of the crew and cast were Native Americans, many subtleties and nuances of American Indian culture were overlooked. (LP)

  10. Literacy -- one woman at a time.

    PubMed

    1996-01-01

    Thanks to UN literacy programs, Fanta, a Konkaran village woman living in Mali near the edge of the Sahara, has learned 1) to read, write, and do basic arithmetic; 2) to raise animals for food and income; 3) to raise her goats better and to prepare milk in healthier ways; and 4) to treat children with diarrhea with oral rehydration. Her village status has improved as women come to her for advice or to write letters for them. Prior to this type of UN program, the Niger River carried only disease, parasites, river blindness, and death for some 30% of the children in Konkaran who may die before the age of 5. Youphadee and her family, in Bangkok, Thailand, live in a sprawling Rajataphan slum with 400 other families; a UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and government sponsored literacy program has taught her basic accounting to run her food business. With other women, she has formed a credit union which provides loans for family emergencies and for business investment. PMID:12179428

  11. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change--Using Empowerment and Popular Education to Prevent HIV in Women

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romero, Lisa; Wallerstein, Nina; Lucero, Julie; Fredine, Heidi Grace; Keefe, Joanna; O'Connell, JoAnne

    2006-01-01

    HIV risk is the product of social, cultural, economic, and interpersonal forces that create sex-role definitions and expectations that can lead to gender inequalities in health. Woman to Woman: Coming Together for Positive Change is an HIV/AIDS prevention intervention that takes into account that choices and actions may be constrained by poverty,…

  12. Herpes zoster segmental paresis in an immunocompromised breast cancer woman

    PubMed Central

    Rastegar, Shirvan; Mahdavi, Sadegh Baradaran; Mahmoudi, Farhad; Basiri, Keivan

    2015-01-01

    Herpes zoster is an infectious disease with neurological complications caused by reactivation of varicella zoster virus in dorsal root ganglia of spinal cord which is also known as “Shingles.” Suppression of immune system is the major predisposing factor for reactivation of latent virus. Disease is mainly characterized by rash, vesicles and pain along one or more dermatomes which are innervated from one or more spinal nerve roots. Complications may be present after a while despite of patient treatment. Motor involvement is included. Some previous studies showed segmental zoster paresis as a rare complication, a few weeks after first presentation, among immunocompetent individuals. We present post herpetic motor involvement of C5 and C6 in a 59-year-old woman who underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy due to breast cancer, manifesting left upper limb weakness and paresis, 6 months after left partial mastectomy. Segmental paresis of zoster virus should be considered as a cause of motor impairment in an immunocompromised person suffering from shingles. PMID:26436084

  13. [A 77-year-old woman with myoclonus and epilepsy].

    PubMed

    Yokochi, M; Takaoka, S; Kawano, H; Mori, H; Shirai, T; Imai, H; Mizuno, Y

    1993-12-01

    We present a 77-year-old woman with myoclonus and epilepsy. She was well until 35 years of age, when she noted an onset of trembling of the legs upon standing. Her symptom slowly progressed, and she felt a difficulty in standing when she was 39-year-old. She had a major motor seizure without an apparent focal onset when she was 46-year-old. She also developed tremor in her hands, and she felt difficulty in holding a glass filled with water. She was admitted to our service for the first time in 1965 when she was 51-year-old. She showed wide-based ataxic gait with truncal titubation. In finger to nose test, myoclonic jerks were induced in the upper extremities. Otherwise neurological examination was unremarkable. She was treated with primidone and phenobarbital, and was discharged for out patient follow up. Her symptoms slowly progressed, and gait and station became more difficult. Mentally she was sound. Three months prior to the present admission, she developed more difficulty in gait, and decrease in food intake. On the 14th of September in 1991, she was seen by a local physician who found an abnormal shadow in her chest X-ray, and she was admitted to our service for further work-up on September 18, 1991. On admission, the patient was a chronically ill and emaciated woman. Her blood pressure was 140/84 mmHg, heart rate 115/minutes and regular, and the body temperature 36.9 degrees C. The palpebral conjunctivae were anemic. No cervical adenopathy was noted. The lung fields were clear, and no heart murmur was audible. The abdomen was soft, and no organomegaly was present. On neurologic examination, she looked somnolent with disorientation to time and place. Her memory was poor, and she could not do well serial 7s. The disc was flat and the ocular movements appeared intact. Other cranial nerves were also unremarkable. She showed diffuse muscle wasting. She was unable to stand or walk. Maintaining the sitting position was also difficult. She was able to raise her arms

  14. Lymphedema: What Every Woman with Breast Cancer Should Know

    MedlinePlus

    ... Articles » My ACS » Lymphedema: What Every Woman With Breast Cancer Should Know Download Printable Version [PDF] » ( En español ) Women who have been treated for breast cancer may be at risk for lymphedema in the ...

  15. Night Shift Work May Be Tough on A Woman's Heart

    MedlinePlus

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_158508.html Night Shift Work May Be Tough on a Woman's Heart But ... TUESDAY, April 26, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Women who work rotating night shifts may face a slightly increased ...

  16. Paraurethral Leiomyoma in a 20 Year-old Woman: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Adams-Piper, Emily; Jacobs, Stephanie; Ghoniem, Gamal M.

    2015-01-01

    We present the case of a 20 year-old woman with a vulvar mass, found to be a paraurethral leiomyoma. She subsequently underwent supermedial-approach paraurethral mass excision, distal urethral reconstruction and cystourethroscopy. Paraurethral leiomyoma make up approximately five percent of urethral tumors. This case depicts the presentation and treatment of a paraurethral leiomyoma in one of the youngest women reported in the literature. PMID:26793567

  17. Follicularly-based papules on the thigh of a young woman.

    PubMed

    Brahmbhatt, Shreena; Wu, Peggy A; Zimarowski, Mary Jane; Burgin, Susan

    2016-01-01

    Varicella zoster virus (VZV) is an uncommon cause of folliculitis. We present a case of a 29-year-old woman who presented with an atypical follicularly-based eruption localized to her inner thigh with an associated pain in her lower back and inner thigh prior to the papular eruption. She was successfully treated with valacyclovir 1,000 mg three times daily with no complications. PMID:26990477

  18. Woman-Centered Maternity Nursing Education and Practice

    PubMed Central

    Giarratano, Gloria

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this Heideggerian phenomenological study was to uncover the meanings of the clinical experiences of registered nurses working in maternity settings after they studied maternity nursing from a woman-centered, feminist perspective in a generic baccalaureate nursing program. Purposeful sampling was conducted to locate and recruit nurses who had graduated from this nursing program between the December 1996 and December 1998 semesters and were currently working in a maternal-newborn clinical setting. Each participant had taken the required woman-centered, maternity-nursing course during her/his undergraduate education. Data collection included an individual, open-ended interview that focused on the nurses' descriptions of their everyday practices as maternity nurses. Nineteen maternal-newborn nurses between the ages of 23 and 43 years who had been in practice from six months to three years were interviewed. The constitutive patterns identified from the interviews were: “Otherness,” “Being and Becoming Woman-Centered,” and “Tensions in Practicing Woman-Centered Care.” Findings revealed that the nurses had a raised awareness of oppressive maternity care practices and applied ideology of woman-centeredness as a framework for providing more humanistic care. Creating woman-centered maternity care meant negotiating tensions and barriers in medically focused maternity settings and looking for opportunities for advocacy and woman-empowerment. The barriers the nurses faced in implementing woman-centered care exposed limitations to childbearing choices and nursing practices that remain problematic in maternity care. PMID:17273327

  19. Unexplained weight loss in an 80-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Taylor, Imogen Aleksandra; Gill, Isaac; Harripaul, Azad

    2015-01-01

    An 80-year-old woman presented with long-standing history of weight loss and malnutrition, which had caused her to become reliant on the use of a wheelchair. Her symptoms were initially attributed to her medical comorbidities, however, during admission it became apparent that she had been suffering from depression and had gone on to develop an eating disorder. Eating disorders are most common in young adults but can affect all age groups, including the elderly population. The diagnosis is rarely considered in such patients and easily overlooked, especially when in the presence of chronic conditions and cognitive decline. A pre-existing psychiatric issue, most often depression, may also be present in this age group. There are no current treatment methods targeting patients in this population, who may not respond as effectively to the available strategies directed at young adults. It is important to always consider an eating disorder as a contributor or direct cause of unexplained weight loss in elderly patients. PMID:25618876

  20. Breast mass in a 69-year-old woman

    SciTech Connect

    Hermann, G.; Schwartz, I.S.; Slater, G.

    1986-02-21

    A 69-year-old woman was initially seen with constant abdominal pain in the epigastrium and right upper quadrant, with nausea and vomiting of three days' duration. On examination, moderate tenderness and guarding in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen were noted. A leukocytosis of 11,000/cu mm, with a mild shift to the left, was present. Findings from a sonogram and hepatobiliary scan were consistent with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis for which intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy was instituted. Results of radiological studies performed on the second hospital day showed a small-bowel obstruction. On surgical exploration, a gangrenous segment of the terminal ileum was resected and an end-to-end anastomosis was performed. The resected bowel demonstrated hemorrhagic infarction with evidence of focal organizing venous thrombosis in the mesentery. The patient was initially started on a regimen of IV heparin and then switched to oral coumarin. On the fourth day of coumarin therapy, massive swelling, tenderness, and erythema were noted to involve the entire right breast. Six months later, the patient was readmitted because of an acute pulmonary embolism. A residual 4x5-cm mass was present in the central portion of the right breast. The overlying skin was slightly retracted. Mammography showed an extensive masslike density behind the right nipple, with evidence of periareolar retraction. Coumarin-induced mammary necrosis was diagnosed.

  1. Perineal leiomyoma in a postmenopausal woman: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Sui, Yan-Xia; Sun, Chao; Lv, Shu-Lan; Batchu, Nasra; Zou, Jun-Kai; Du, Jiang; Song, Qing; Li, Qi-Ling

    2016-01-01

    Leiomyomas in the female reproductive system are commonly located in the uterus and typically regress following the menopause. Vulval leiomyomas are rare, and to the best of our knowledge, perineal leiomyomas in postmenopausal women have not been previously reported in the literature. The present case describes a 60-year-old Chinese woman who experienced perineal tenderness and lumbosacral radiating pain. The patient, who went through the menopause 12 years previously, had presented with a painful perineal mass for 1 year, which was subsequently diagnosed as a postmenopausal perineal leiomyoma. The mass was locally resected, and histopathological examination of the lesion resulted in a diagnosis of benign epithelioid leiomyoma. Immunohistochemical staining identified that the leiomyoma was positive for estrogen receptor and negative for progesterone receptor expression. The patient was followed up for 1 year and did not experience any pain or recurrence. The symptoms of local and lumbosacral radiating pain are extremely rare and may be induced by peripheral nerve stimulation. The etiology of postmenopausal perineal leiomyoma may be associated with infection, dietary, stress and environmental factors, and the role of estrogen cannot be overemphasized in cases of postmenopausal leiomyoma. PMID:27602136

  2. Accidentally delayed diagnosis of ruptured ovarian carcinoma in a young woman: a care report.

    PubMed

    Wang, P H; Chao, K C; Yen, M S; Ng, H T

    1999-10-01

    Ovarian carcinoma commonly occurs in postmenopausal women and often presents with an insidious course. Acute abdomen is rarely an initial symptom. When these patients present with abdominal discomfort, the disease has already spread throughout the peritoneal cavity. We present a case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in a young woman who presented with acute abdomen and intra-abdominal bleeding. This 24-year-old woman was previously diagnosed with a ruptured left ovarian cystic tumor at a primary clinic. She underwent emergency exploratory laparotomy, followed by unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy at the clinic. No thorough examination of the peritoneal cavity was done during surgery. The diagnosis of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma was accidentally over-looked until one month later when she returned for routine follow-up. Upon referral to our clinic, the patient underwent a repeat laparotomy. The surgicopathologic diagnosis was intraperitoneal carcinomatosis stage IIIC that could not be excised completely, even though rigorous staging surgery including washing cytology, total abdominal hysterectomy, salpingo-oophorectomy, retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy, appendectomy, infracolic omentectomy and excision of any suspicious and removable lesions were performed. This case alerts us to consider the possibility of ovarian malignancy when a young woman presents with an acute abdomen secondary to ruptured ovarian cystic tumor and intraperitoneal hemorrhage. Careful preoperative preparation and thorough intrasurgical examination of the peritoneal cavity along with a prompt pathologic diagnosis of suspicious lesions will prevent missed diagnoses. PMID:10533304

  3. [A woman with cerebellar ataxia and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism].

    PubMed

    Wada, Sayoko; Takaoka, Toshio; Kasama, Shuhei; Kimura, Takashi; Kajiyama, Koji; Takeda, Masanaka; Yoshikawa, Hiroo

    2010-01-01

    A 26-year-old woman with primary amenorrhea in association with hypergonadotropinism, and lacking a vagina and uterus, suffered from a gradually progressive gait disturbance in her adolescence. The patient has no family history of ataxia and a chromosome study showed a normal karyotype (46,XX). Using the revised Hasegawa Dementia Scale, her cognitive function was measured as that of a normal adult, however, neurological examination revealed symptoms of scanning speech, horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus, and ataxia. Bulging eyes, high-arched palate, scoliosis and ventricular septal defect were also observed. A brain MRI showed atrophy of the cerebellum. A 123I-IMP brain SPECT study showed hypoperfusion in the cerebellum. Previous studies show that among patients with cerebellar ataxia and hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, some show an autosomal recessive inheritance, while others have no family history. As a cause, a chromosomal abnormality is unlikely because all reported karyotypes were normal. This case is different from other reported cases in that she is not mentally impaired or deaf. The present case indicates that there is a close relationship between cerebellar ataxia and hypogonadism, and that other symptoms such as deafness and mental impairment could be an additional variable in patients with cerebellar ataxia arid hypergonadotropic hypogonadism. PMID:20120350

  4. Dermatitis artefacta: unusual appearance in an older woman.

    PubMed

    Gregurek-Novak, T; Novak-Bilić, G; Vucić, M

    2005-03-01

    Dermatitis artefacta is a rare and difficult condition for diagnosis and treatment, with the highest incidence of onset in late adolescence to early adult life. Most patients are young women who have a personality disorder; borderline features are common and the patient's denial of psychological distress makes management and treatment difficult. Patients use a variety of means to cause the skin changes. Clinical presentation of the skin lesions does not conform to those of known dermatoses and are located on easily reached parts of the skin. We report an unusual case of a 72-year-old woman with symmetrical changes under the breasts and in the right inguinal region. The lesions were composed partly of haemorrhagic round lesions and partly of scars. A skin biopsy was taken and consultations with the psychiatrist, internist and the patient's family led to the diagnosis of self-induced dermatitis. The skin lesions were covered by occlusion techniques and the lesions improved very rapidly. The patient was discharged from the hospital under psychiatric and family care. PMID:15752297

  5. [Ethical dilemmas in medicine. The interruption of pregnancy in woman].

    PubMed

    Gual-Castro, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Pregnancy interruption or abortion may be spontaneous or induced for medical, legal, demographic, and personal reasons. Different events that are present during the woman´s gravid period were described, paying attention to the differences in between fertilization and conception. These issues are very important because people or institutions mix these concepts and posit that pregnancy or conception starts at fertilization in opposition to the actual medical and scientific knowledge. In Mexico there are several millions of spontaneous and induced abortions without medical care, responsible for the high maternal-infant mortality rates. To avoid this undesirable situation, it has been proposed to follow the established WHO guidelines and adopt national health policies to re-orientate population goals on life quality, gender equity, universal public health services, and to promote the new holistic concepts of reproductive and sexual health such as: family planning, use of anti-fertility methods, adolescent reproductive health, sexually transmitted diseases, maternal and newborn health, peri- and post-menopausal women's health, and prevention, diagnosis, and opportune treatment of mammary, cervical-uterine, and ovarian cancers. Finally, it is recommended to revise our national health policies and existing laws on abortion de-penalization. PMID:27595258

  6. Anthropometric Analysis of the South Indian Woman's Nose.

    PubMed

    Packiriswamy, Vasanthakumar; Bashour, Mounir; Nayak, Satheesha

    2016-06-01

    The normal values of nasal dimensions and position have been established for various racial and ethnic groups. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of information related to these values in South Indian females, leading to surgeons being forced to use statistical data from Caucasians in their decision making. The objective of the present study was to compare statistically the nasal anthropometric measurement of South Indian women (SIW) with published norms for North American white women (NAWW) using independent t-test. Anthropometric analysis was done on standardized frontal, lateral, and basal photographs of South Indian woman's noses (n = 375) ages 18 to 35 years. Comparative analysis showed significant differences between SIW and NAWW in 15 of 17 measurements. All 14 nasal indices revealed significant differences that were calculated. SIW had relatively shorter, wider, and more horizontally oriented noses, and the noses have ellipsoid appearance in submental view, deeper nasal root, underrotated nasal tip, flared alae, and rounded nasal tip. As cosmetic surgery becomes more popular among South Indians, the obtained normative mean values might serve as a prototype for facial surgery. PMID:27248029

  7. A woman's attempt at a perverse solution and its failure.

    PubMed

    Chasseguet-Smirgel, J

    1988-01-01

    The Programme Committee of the Montreal Congress asked the author to present a case of perversion connected with traumas. Rather than speak about erotization of the effects of the trauma (death or castration anxiety transformed into a source of pleasure) the author relates the first 18 months of analysis of a young woman whose important narcissistic trauma, the result of an inadequate early relationship with her mother, is camouflaged by an avidity for sexual excitations. The aim is to transform narcissistic pain which cannot be worked through into sexuality for which release is possible. Sexuality becomes a means of expressing feelings of hate, revenge and triumph over the primary object. The ensuing perverse solution--an attempt to slip into the primal scene by identification with the sadistic penis--does not succeed. The author advances certain hypotheses concerning the mother-daughter relationship which seem to explain this failure and to explain too the absence of a stable perverse organization in women. There follows a longing to return to the womb, in the shape of the fantasied destruction of the contents of the mother's belly, expressed as the fantasy of the end of the world, and which the author labels as 'the archaic matrix of the Oedipus complex'. PMID:3403157

  8. Vaginal Calculus in a Woman With Mixed Urinary Incontinence and Vaginal Mesh Exposure.

    PubMed

    Winkelman, William D; Rabban, Joseph T; Korn, Abner P

    2016-01-01

    Vaginal calculi are extremely rare and are most commonly encountered in the setting of an urethrovaginal or vesicovaginal fistula. We present a case of a 72-year-old woman with mixed urinary incontinence and vaginal mesh exposure incidentally found to have a large vaginal calculus. We removed the calculus surgically and analyzed the components. Results demonstrated the presence of ammonium-magnesium phosphate hexahydrate and carbonate apatite. PMID:26825410

  9. Thyrotoxic psychosis in an elderly woman and haloperidol use: a case report.

    PubMed

    Emul, Murat; Sakalli, Ayse; Erol, Turgut Can; Ertan, Turan

    2013-03-01

    Thyrotoxic patients may occasionally present with affective disorders. Here, we discuss a case of a 61-year-old woman with misidentification and persecutory delusions, olfactory hallucinations, and apathy associated with thyrotoxicosis. After definitive antithyroid and antipsychotic agent haloperidol treatments, the patient was released within 4 weeks. Thyrotoxic psychosis with apathy is a rare entity that can be misdiagnosed as affective psychosis. Haloperidol may be an alternative treatment in resolving psychotic features beside the treatment of hyperthyroid state. PMID:23551412

  10. Hemangioma of the ovary in an 81-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez, M A

    1979-04-01

    We have reported a case of cavernous hemangioma of the ovary in an 81-year-old woman with uterine prolapse and without ascites. Review of the literature reveals that this is the oldest patient reported. The size of the lesion is considered large at 5 cm in diameter. No associated disease or other lesions were present. The lesion was an incidental finding with no complications. PMID:432698

  11. HIV-positive woman's appeal for absolute discharge dismissed on grounds of public safety.

    PubMed

    2008-07-01

    On 7 December 2007, the Nova Scotia Court of Appeal dismissed an appeal from a June 2007 order of the Nova Scotia Review Board providing that an HIV-positive woman, "K.A.S.," be discharged with conditions to reside in hospital-approved premises, to continue with recommended mental health treatment, and to abstain from alcohol and illicit drug use because she continued to present a significant risk to the safety of the public. PMID:18727198

  12. Gastrointestinal Side Effects in the Baby of a Breastfeeding Woman Treated with Low-Dose Fluvoxamine.

    PubMed

    Uguz, Faruk

    2015-08-01

    Depression and anxiety disorders are frequently seen in the postpartum period. Primary pharmacological agents for these disorders are antidepressants, especially selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Despite no adverse reports, data on safety for the maternal use of fluvoxamine on breastfed infants are limited. This case report presents diarrhea and vomiting in the breastfed baby of a woman using fluvoxamine at 50 mg/d. PMID:25896469

  13. A Woman with a Lung Mass and Multiple Pulmonary Nodules

    PubMed Central

    Duncan, Scott J.; Kadaria, Dipen

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Female, 41 Final Diagnosis: Benign metastatic leiomyoma Symptoms: Cough • shorthness of breath Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Bronchoscopy • open lung biopsy Specialty: Pulmonology Objective: Rare disease Background: Patients presenting with lung mass and/or nodules are common problems for pulmonologists. The common etiologies for this condition in this area (Ohio River Mississippi Valley area) are malignancy, histoplasmosis, and sarcoidosis. However, there can be other rare causes of this presentation for which a detailed clinical history, examination, and broad knowledge is needed for diagnosis. Case Report: A 41-year-old woman presented with complaints of progressive nonproductive cough, shortness of breath, and decreased exercise limitation for several months. The symptoms were progressive and were hindering her daily work. Physical examination, including vital signs, was within normal limits. A chest X-ray followed by CT chest was done. CT chest showed a right infrahilar mass 3.5×2.5 cm along with multiple bilateral lung nodules of size 9 to 11 mm. Bronchoscopy with transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) and transbronchial biopsy (TBB) and CT-guided biopsy failed to show any diagnosis. Repeat CT scan at follow-up showed the same lesion and the patient had an open-lung biopsy. A diagnosis of benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) was made based on clinical, radiological, and histological features, and immunophenotype of the lesion. The patient was started on leuprolide (a GnRH agonist). Follow-up imaging showed decrease in size of lesions. The patient is asymptomatic with increased exercise tolerance. Conclusions: Clinicians need to be aware of rare causes of lung mass, like BML. This will help in timely diagnosis and treatment. PMID:26071755

  14. My Neighbor Is a Battered Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Melissa

    This book is intended as a general introduction to the problems of battered women. The format for part 1 consists of the presentation of facts about wife beating, i.e., who are victims, characteristics of batterers, the environment in which family violence exists, and services for battered women. These facts are illustrated by the presentation, on…

  15. Birth Environments: A Woman's Choice in the 21st Century.

    PubMed

    Adams, Ellise D

    2016-01-01

    A woman has many important decisions to make once discovering a pregnancy. One of those decisions with significant implications is where the birth will take place. The primary consideration for the majority of pregnant women when making a decision about birth environment is safety. However, other factors such as attitudes of family and friends, religious reasons, and confidence in the body's ability to give birth play a factor in the choice of birth environment. It is recommended that birth attendants use the process of shared decision making to assist pregnant women in making choices related to the birth environment. This process empowers the pregnant woman and provides a woman-centered and evidence-based approach to choices related to obstetrical care. PMID:27465454

  16. Bilateral non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy in a transsexual woman using excessive estrogen dosage.

    PubMed

    Wierckx, Katrien; De Zaeytijd, Julie; Elaut, Els; Heylens, Gunter; T'Sjoen, Guy

    2014-02-01

    We present a case report on a 53-year-old transsexual woman who developed acute painless vision loss in both eyes during cross-sex hormone treatment. After 10 months of cross-sex hormone treatment, she experienced total vision loss of the right eye and, 6 months later, vision loss to 20/63 in the left eye. After a full ophthalmic exam, bilateral sequential non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NA-ION) was diagnosed. Extensive etiological work-up revealed no cardiac abnormalities or inherited blood-clotting disorders. A manifest self-administered overdose of transdermal estrogen treatment with serum estradiol levels of 5,765 pg/ml was possibly related to the sequential bilateral NA-ION resulting in nearly total vision loss in this transsexual woman. PMID:24057212

  17. [I was born a woman, the life of Mame: the dramatization of intergenerational inclusion].

    PubMed

    Lasheras Amat, M del Pilar; Muriel Fernández, Rafael; Llamas Martínez, M Victoria; Hallaga Messari, Asmaa; Bitoden Yaka, Albert; Ndour, Mame Awa; Dieng, Ousseynou; Márquez Bernal, Victoriano; Sevillano, Manuel Garrido

    2010-01-01

    I was born a woman, the life of Mame is the dramatization a fictitious intergenerational story. However, the story is based on true events and the feelings of real immigrant women. The dramatization narrates the life of a woman, from the time her parents-who had recently emigrated from Senegal-settled in Andalusia, up to the adolescence of Mame's own daughter. The story is told with one person on stage who, through the use of three costume changes, plays three different generations of women: mother, daughter and granddaughter, with the video-recorded testimonies of other characters (a teacher and a midwife), who express their views of the host society against a background of African music and pictures of their native country. The present article describes their goals, such as communication in conferences, and includes a concise summary of the script, reflections on the process of integrating, and the evaluation made after a performance. PMID:20022142

  18. SAR Computation inside Fetus by RF Coil during MR Imaging Employing Realistic Numerical Pregnant Woman Model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kikuchi, Satoru; Saito, Kazuyuki; Takahashi, Masaharu; Ito, Koichi; Ikehira, Hiroo

    This paper presents the computational electromagnetic dosimetry inside an anatomically based pregnant woman models exposed to electromagnetic wave during magnetic resonance imaging. The two types of pregnant woman models corresponding to early gestation and 26 weeks gestation were used for this study. The specific absorption rate (SAR) in and around a fetus were calculated by radiated electromagnetic wave from highpass and lowpass birdcage coil. Numerical calculation results showed that high SAR region is observed at the body in the vicinity of gaps of the coil, and is related to concentrated electric field in the gaps of human body such as armpit and thigh. Moreover, it has confirmed that the SAR in the fetus is less than International Electrotechnical Commission limit of 10W/kg, when whole-body average SARs are 2W/kg and 4W/kg, which are the normal operating mode and first level controlled operating mode, respectively.

  19. 73-year-old woman with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant

    SciTech Connect

    Bond, J.R.

    1987-03-20

    A 73-year-old woman presented with a six-day history of abdominal pain that had started in the epigastrium, but recently had become more intense in the right lower quadrant. Peptic ulcer had been diagnosed three years prior to presentation and had been managed medically. On physical examination, epigastric tenderness as well as guarding and rebound tenderness in the right lower quandrant were present. Mild leukocytosis was reported. Computed tomography demonstrated a 5-cm retrocecal mass with low attenuation (fluid content) surrounded by an irregularly thickened uncalcified wall. Multiple areas of tissue debris were seen extending into the mass, but no true separation was present.

  20. Severe Primary HSV-2 in a Perinatal HIV-Infected Woman with Advanced Immunosuppression

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Lana; Agwu, Allison; Hutton, Nancy

    2012-01-01

    Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is most commonly associated with mucocutaneous manifestations; however, coinfections with HIV may be associated with atypical and more severe presentations of clinical disease. We present a case of a young woman with advanced perinatally acquired AIDS presenting with severe purulent pharyngitis, fevers, and toxic appearance with a subsequent diagnosis of disseminated primary HSV-2 infection in multiple noncontiguous mucocutaneous sites. This case highlights an unusual presentation of the protean nature of primary HSV infection and the potential severity of illness in patients with advanced immunosuppression. PMID:22899940

  1. The "Education" of the Indian Woman against the Backdrop of the Education of the European Woman in the Nineteenth-Century

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peacock, Sunita

    2009-01-01

    The essay discusses the role and education of the women of India, with special reference to the women of Bengal during the nineteenth-century and a comparison is made between the education of the Indian woman and the education of the European woman during this era. The education of the Indian woman is also referenced against the backdrop of the…

  2. Athletic fashion, "Punch," and the creation of the new woman.

    PubMed

    Collins, Tracy J R

    2010-01-01

    Between 1885-1900 "Punch" satirized the personality of the New Woman. However, virtually single-handedly it also gave a body and emancipated culture to this otherwise socially abstract personality. Using illustrations from "Punch," this essay argues that using sport specific clothing and equipment in its cartoons, "Punch" completely unintentionally created a liberating picture of women while simultaneously using its captions and border texts to make the New Woman's body signify the anxieties patriarchal culture had about her social personality and politics. PMID:21141449

  3. Simplified pregnant woman models for the fetus exposure assessment

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jala, Marjorie; Conil, Emmanuelle; Varsier, Nadège; Wiart, Joe; Hadjem, Abdelhamid; Moulines, Éric; Lévy-Leduc, Céline

    2013-05-01

    In this paper, we introduce a study that we carried out in order to validate the use of a simplified pregnant woman model for the assessment of the fetus exposure to radio frequency waves. This simplified model, based on the use of a homogeneous tissue to replace most of the inner organs of the virtual mother, would allow us to deal with many issues that are raised because of the lack of pregnant woman models for numerical dosimetry. Using specific absorption rate comparisons, we show that this model could be used to estimate the fetus exposure to plane waves.

  4. Unusual presentation of a Meckel’s diverticulum: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Tenreiro, Nádia; Moreira, Herculano; Silva, Silvia; Madureira, Luis; Gaspar, João; Oliveira, António

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Meckel’s diverticulum (MD) is the most common congenital malformation of the gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal obstruction is the lead presenting symptom in the adult population due to multiple causes (intussusception, incarceration, adhesions, strictures and torsion). Our patient had a complicated MD with an unique combination of risk factors and findings. Presentation of case We report an unusual case of an 18-year-old patient presenting with acute small bowel obstruction for several days, who developed focal peritoneal signs on right lower quadrant. On laparotomy, findings included a necrotic giant MD and a small bowel volvulus around a fibrous band that attached MD to the umbilicus. Segmental enterectomy with primary anastomosis was performed. Discussion Axial torsion and gangrene of MD is the rarest complication. Its pre-operative diagnosis remains elusive as it can be clinically indistinguishable from other intra-abdominal inflammatory conditions. The correct diagnosis of complicated MD before surgery is often difficult because this condition can mimic other acute abdominal pathologies. There are several risk factors that can point to an accurate and early diagnosis, especially when combined with the appropriate imaging techniques, such as computed tomography with oral and intravenous contrast. Conclusion This complication remains underdiagnosed, often with delayed surgical intervention and sub-optimal treatment that leads to significant morbidity and mortality. PMID:26413922

  5. You Can Be a Woman Paleontologist.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gabriel, Diane L.; Cohen, Judith Love

    This booklet stresses the value of various academic studies (e.g., history, geology, anatomy, physical anthropology) as prerequisites for a career in paleontology, by depicting real women whose careers provide inspirational role models. The first section is a text designed for use by elementary students and presents the career of paleontology from…

  6. Maria Montessori: Portrait of a Young Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Povell, Phyllis

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author presents the biography of Maria Montessori, who pioneered early childhood education and introduced a new method of pedagogy. The innovations in education that Montessori introduced were enough to reserve a place for her in the history books. Montessori was ahead of her time in many aspects of her life. The decisions…

  7. Time Management and the Woman Library Manager.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gothberg, Helen M.

    1987-01-01

    Discusses how women library managers can use efficient time management techniques to help them make the best of both career and home work environments. Nine basic steps to greater efficiency are presented, and external and internal time wasters are listed. (EM)

  8. 38-year-old woman with recurrent abdominal pain, but no fever

    PubMed Central

    Iwata, Kentaro; Toma, Tomoko; Yachie, Akihiro

    2012-01-01

    A 38-year-old woman presented with 2 days history of left-flank pain. She had similar episodes of abdominal pain as well as chest pain several times, but symptoms disappeared spontaneously. Each time she developed pain, there was no fever. After ruling out common causes of recurrent abdominal pain, familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) was considered as a potential diagnosis. Genetic tests revealed multiple heterozygote mutations, which may be associated with FMF. Patients with Mediterranean fever mutations may present with atypical presentations without fever, like in this case. Astute clinical suspicion is required to make an accurate diagnosis. PMID:22505824

  9. Is It Easy to Be a Woman in Science?

    PubMed

    Beletskaya, I P

    2016-03-01

    A total devotion to your science is the main component of success! In this Guest Editorial, I. P. Beletskaya, Professor of chemistry at Moscow State University and a board member of Chemistry--A European Journal, describes her perspective on being a woman in science and shares some personal insights into her career and life as a chemist. PMID:26880132

  10. Pioneer Black Woman Superintendent: Velma Dolphin Ashley, 1944-1956.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Revere, Amie B.

    1989-01-01

    This article profiles Velma Dolphin Ashley, a Black woman educator who served as superintendent of schools in Boley (Oklahoma) from 1944 to 1956. During her superintendency, Ashley was responsible for instructional activities in a correctional institution for delinquent Black youth, as well as for administering the all-Black school district. (AF)

  11. [A woman with a pigmentation of the hard palate].

    PubMed

    van der Meij, Erik H; Nieken, Judith; de Visscher, Jan G A M

    2013-01-01

    A bluish flat pigmented lesion of the hard palate of a 51-year-old woman was excised to exclude malignancy, in particular oral malignant melanoma. On histopathological examination, depositions of black pigment were seen accompanied by several foreign body giant cells. Probably due to a childhood trauma, a pencil point had penetrated the hard palate. PMID:24330792

  12. Close Man-Woman Relationships and the Educational Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenman, Martin F.

    The research reported in this paper explored student attitudes about how the educational process could help improve man-woman relationships. A questionnaire was administered to 40 female and 73 male black students enrolled in psychology courses at Morehouse College. In addition, 100 black students in the Atlanta University Center also answered the…

  13. Exploring Woman University Physics Students "Doing Gender" and "Doing Physics"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danielsson, Anna T.

    2012-01-01

    This article explores what it can mean to be a woman physics student. A case study approach is used to explore how five women who are studying physics at a Swedish university simultaneously negotiate their doing of physics and their doing of gender. By conceptualising both gender and learning as aspects of identity formation, the analysis of the…

  14. Longevity of a Woman with Down Syndrome: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chicoine, Brian; McGuire, Dennis

    1997-01-01

    This case study of an 83-year-old woman with Down syndrome suggests she is the longest surviving person with the condition. Also noted is the lack of decline in mental function and performance of activities of daily living despite the apparently universal presence of the neuropathologic changes of Alzheimer's disease in persons with Down syndrome…

  15. Flora White (1860-1948): New Woman, Stark Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morice, Linda C.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the life of education reformer Flora White, who both represented and deviated from the stereotypical new woman portrayed in popular literature of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. White's decision to reject marriage and children in favor of a career resulted in greater financial insecurity and an unmet desire…

  16. Basal cell carcinomas in a young woman with Steinert's disease.

    PubMed

    Miraglia, E; Cantisani, C; Giustini, S; Ambrifi, M; Soda, G; Calvieri, S

    2014-08-01

    Steinert's disease or Myotonic dystrophy type I (DM1) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by myotonia, muscular dystrophy, cataracts, hypogonadism, frontal balding, and electrocardiographic alterations.Several tumors have been associated with DM1 such as pilomatricoma, thymomas and insulinomas. Herein, we describe the unusual onset of multiple basal cell carcinomas in a young woman with DM1. PMID:25148278

  17. Silent Partners: Actor and Audience in Geese Theatre's "Journey Woman"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bottoms, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    This essay considers the performance context and aesthetics of "Journey Woman", a play devised to initiate a week-long rehabilitative groupwork programme for female prisoners. Although Geese Theatre UK are one of the country's longest-established companies specialising in drama work within the criminal justice sector, this 2006 piece is their…

  18. Regrinding the Lens of Gender: Problematizing "Writing as a Woman."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Heather Brodie

    1993-01-01

    Argues that codifying the characteristics of "writing like a woman" (or like a man) can result in a limited--and limiting--conception of gender and its effect on writing. Uses the writing of Kenneth Burke as an example of "l'ecriture feminine" and the prose of Julia Kristeva as an example of writing like a man. (SR)

  19. Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment. Teaching with Documents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many people considered a radical change in the U.S. Constitution. Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. In 1870 the 15th amendment to…

  20. A Mexicana Woman's Education in 1980s Chicago

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivera, Angelica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the educational experiences of a Mexican woman in Chicago's Little Village community in the 1980s. The author was born in Mexico and raised in Little Village which has been home to Mexican immigrant communities for decades. Little Village is also home to the largest Mexican-American population in the…

  1. Isobel's Images--One Woman's Experience of Art Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Isobel; Bull, Stephanie; Beavis, Mary

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores the aims and purpose of long term art therapy. This is done by focusing on the experience of a woman with learning disabilities whom we have called Isobel White (pseudonym). In this paper we set out a theoretical context and then consider key aspects of the therapy process. We have included excerpts from reflective discussions…

  2. Medical Pluralism in the Life of a Mexican Immigrant Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belliard, Juan Carlos; Ramirez-Johnson, Johnny

    2005-01-01

    This case study reflects on the variety of approaches to health care in a pluralistic immigrant urban enclave in Southern California. In-depth interviews were conducted with a Mexican immigrant woman to explore and understand her health worldview and the strategies she uses in deciding among the diverse health care options available to protect and…

  3. The New Woman in "The Sun Also Rises"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Xiaoping

    2010-01-01

    Hemingway is a famous American writer and a spokesman of the Lost Generation. His life attitude of the characters in the novels influenced the whole world. His first masterpiece "The Sun Also Rises" contributes a lot to the rise of feminism and make the world began to be familiar with a term: The New Woman through the portrayal of Brett.…

  4. "Woman," Television and the Case of "Cagney and Lacey."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Acci, Julie

    This investigation of some of the meanings of "woman" that are produced and negotiated in the interaction of television representations, viewer receptions, and the historical/industry context focuses on the "Cagney and Lacey" series--produced in the United States--as a particular instance of the cultural production and negotiation of the meanings…

  5. A Collaborative Approach to Aiding a Woman Returning to College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chickering, Joanne Nelson; Obstfeld, Lisa

    1982-01-01

    Addresses the issue of serving the needs of nontraditional learners using a case study of a reentry woman. Used a collaborative approach to help the student improve her assertive skills and develop some test taking strategies. Also used role playing, flooding, and mnemonic strategies. (JAC)

  6. "Woman Speaks": Representations of Working Women in Postwar America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalas, Andrea; Berenstein, Rhona J.

    1996-01-01

    Looks at the ways in which the relationship between women and work was characterized during the late 1940s in "Woman Speaks," a combination newsreel/television show in Chicago. Expands upon the work of other historians and critics who have examined the representations of gender in early television marketing ploys and variety/situation comedy…

  7. Becoming Aboriginal: Experiences of a European Woman in Kamchatka's Wilderness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Churikova, Victoria

    2000-01-01

    A Russian woman describes how living in remote Kamchatka helped her develop an aboriginal perspective. Chopping wood, hauling water, gathering food, alternately homeschooling her children and sending them to an ecological school, and interacting with local aboriginal people taught her the importance of conserving natural resources and living in…

  8. Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Encephalitis in Woman, Taiwan

    PubMed Central

    Cheng, Aristine; Kuo, Kuei-Hong

    2011-01-01

    We report an unusual case of pandemic (H1N1) 2009–related encephalitis in an immunocompetent woman. Although rare cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 associated with encephalitis have been reported previously, in this patient, direct viral invasion of the central nervous system was shown by simultaneous detection of viral RNA and pleocytosis. PMID:22000373

  9. Carbamazepine-induced atrioventricular block in an elderly woman.

    PubMed

    Can, İlknur; Tholakanahalli, Venkat

    2016-01-01

    An 88-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department after experiencing syncope while in a sitting position. Electrocardiogram showed advanced degree heart block. She has been on low-dose carbamazepine (200 mg/day) for the last year for trigeminal neuralgia (TN). After discontinuation of carbamazepine, the patient returned to normal sinus rhythm. PMID:26875133

  10. Unusual presentation of a simple renal cyst

    PubMed Central

    Maheshwari, Veena; Alam, Kiran; Varshney, Manoranjan; Khan, Roobina; Gaur, Kavita; Harris, S Hasan

    2011-01-01

    The authors present the case of a 23-year-old woman who presented with a lump in her right abdomen which was 7 cm in diameter. Ultrasonography showed a unilocular cyst, which was diagnosed as a simple renal cyst. This case is presented for its rare occurrence in young females and unusual clinical presentation as a huge abdominal mass. PMID:22715271

  11. Unusual Presentation of a Primary Ewing's Sarcoma of the Spine with Paraplegia: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kannan, Karthik Kailash; Sundarapandian, Rajkumar Jayachandran; Surulivel, Vignesh Jayabalan

    2015-03-01

    Ewing's sarcoma is a primary malignancy of the bone affecting individuals in the second decade of life. Primary sarcomas of the spine are rare and the occurrence of Primary Ewing's sarcoma in the spine is very rare. Ewing's sarcoma occurring in the spine is divided into two types, Ewing's sarcoma of sacral spine which are very aggressive with poor prognosis and Ewing's sarcoma of the non sacral spine which is an extremely rare occurrence. Patient may present with neurological deficit when the tumour extends into the spinal canal causing spinal cord compression. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is very sensitive in diagnosing the tumour and defining the extent of the tumour. Here we report an 18-year-old boy who presented with back pain and complete paraplegia of two months duration. The MRI gave a differential diagnosis of infective pathology due to the fluid collection in the paraspinal region, followed by primary malignancy as the second diagnosis. Patient underwent posterior spinal decompression and stabilization, and intaoperatively there was significant collection of pus whose culture showed no growth. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry studies confirmed the diagnosis of Ewing's sarcoma and patient was started on combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. PMID:25954672

  12. Subacute thyroiditis presenting as acute psychosis: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Lee, Kyung Ae; Park, Kyung Taek; Yu, Hea Min; Jin, Heung Yong; Baek, Hong Sun; Park, Tae Sun

    2013-03-01

    We describe herein an unusual case of subacute thyroiditis presenting as acute psychosis. An 18-year-old male presented at the emergency department due to abnormal behavior, psychomotor agitation, sexual hyperactivity, and a paranoid mental state. Laboratory findings included an erythrocyte sedimentation rate of 36 mm/hr (normal range, 0 to 9), free T4 of 100.0 pmol/L (normal range, 11.5 to 22.7), and thyroid stimulating hormone of 0.018 mU/L (normal range, 0.35 to 5.5). A technetium-99m pertechnetate scan revealed homogeneously reduced activity in the thyroid gland. These results were compatible with subacute thyroiditis, and symptomatic conservative management was initiated. The patient's behavioral abnormalities and painful neck swelling gradually resolved and his thyroid function steadily recovered. Although a primary psychotic disorder should be strongly considered in the differential diagnosis, patients with an abrupt and unusual onset of psychotic symptoms should be screened for thyroid abnormalities. Furthermore, transient thyroiditis should be considered a possible underlying etiology, along with primary hyperthyroidism. PMID:23526704

  13. Primary Care Endocrinology in the Adult Woman.

    PubMed

    Thomas, Celeste C; Zeytinoglu, Meltem

    2016-06-01

    Diabetes mellitus, thyroid disorders, and osteoporosis are endocrine conditions affecting a significant proportion of women presenting to the obstetrician-gynecologist. Obstetrician-gynecologists are often the first health-care providers that young women see in adulthood, and thus, have a critical opportunity to identify women at risk for gestational and overt diabetes and manage the condition in those who have developed it. The obstetrician-gynecologist should be aware of the appropriate therapeutic options and treatment goals (eg, hemoglobin A1c) for women with diabetes. Thyroid disorders often present with menstrual irregularities or infertility, can affect pregnancy outcomes, and contribute to cardiovascular and bone disorders as women age. Finally, osteoporosis and low bone mineral density affect a substantial proportion of older women and some younger women with risk factors for secondary osteoporosis. The morbidity and mortality of osteoporotic fractures is substantial. There are many lifestyle interventions and therapeutic options available for these conditions, and the gynecologist plays a key role in optimizing risk factor assessment, screening, and providing treatment when appropriate. PMID:27212095

  14. A whitened face woman with nephrotic syndrome.

    PubMed

    Soo, Yannie Oi-Yan; Chow, Kai-Ming; Lam, Christopher Wai-Kei; Lai, Fernand Mac-Moune; Szeto, Cheuk-Chun; Chan, Michael Ho-Ming; Li, Philip Kam-Tao

    2003-01-01

    Skin whitening cream from developing countries is a recognized source of chronic mercury poisoning. The authors report on a 34-year-old Indonesian domestic helper who presented with nephrotic syndrome secondary to membranous nephropathy. It was subsequently found that she used a skin whitening cream regularly that was found to contain a mercury level of almost 2,000 times above the allowable limit. Her blood and urinary mercury levels were both grossly elevated. Her symptoms improved after she stopped using the cream. However, she returned to her home country before chelating therapy could be arranged. Because mercury-containing skin products are still widely available in developing countries, the use of these products should be considered a possible cause of membranous nephropathy in immigrants from those countries. PMID:12500245

  15. An example of woman scientist in France

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cazenave, A.

    2002-12-01

    Although the presence of women in sciences has been increasing in the past few decades in Europe, it remains incredibly low at the top levels. Recent statistics from the European Commission indicate that now women represent 50 per cent of first degree students in many countries. However, the proportion of women at each stage of the scientific career decreases almost linearly, reaching less than 10 per cent at the highest level jobs. From my own experience, I don't think that this results from sexism nor discrimination. Rather, I think that this is a result of complex cultural factors making women subconsciously persuaded that top level jobs are destined to male scientists only. Many women scientists drop the idea of playing a role at high-level research, considering it is a way of exerting power (a matter reserved to men). Others give up the possibility of combining childcare and high level commitments in research. And too many (married women) still find only natural to sacrifice their own scientific ambitions to the benefit of their spouse's career. In this poster, I briefly present my personal experience. I chose to prioritize scientific productivity and expertise versus hierarchical responsibilities. Besides I tried to keep a satisfactory balance between family demand and research involvement. This was indeed facilitated by the French system, which provides substantial support to women's work (nurseries, recreation centers during school holidays, etc.). To my point of view, the most promising way of increasing the number of women at top levels in research is through education and mentality evolution

  16. Premature ovarian failure in a woman with a balanced 15;21 translocation: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction A case of premature ovarian failure with concomitant findings of Robertsonian translocation between 15 and 21 chromosomes is reported here. The aforementioned karyotypic aberration has not been reported in the context of premature ovarian failure to date. Case presentation We present a case of premature ovarian failure in a 27-year-old infertile Kurdish Iranian woman with a Robertsonian 15;21 translocation. Conclusions The diagnosis of premature ovarian failure of unknown etiology, but with karyotypic evidence of a balanced autosomal translocation, suggests the possible role of autosomal genes in the pathogenesis of ovarian follicular attrition. PMID:21714880

  17. A 60-year-old woman with cough, dyspnea, and atelectasis 19 years after liver transplant.

    PubMed

    Panchabhai, Tanmay S; Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Alraiyes, Abdul Hamid; Mehta, Atul C; Almeida, Francisco A

    2015-10-01

    A 60-year-old black woman presented with nonproductive cough of 1-month duration. She had also experienced rapidly progressive dyspnea for 1 week and one bout of vomiting a day before presentation. Her symptoms had failed to improve with a course of amoxicillin-clavulanate. Her medical history was significant for diabetes mellitus and liver transplant 19 years earlier for hepatitis C cirrhosis, for which she was receiving tacrolimus and mycophenolate. She was a current smoker with 40 pack-years of smoking history. PMID:26437820

  18. Treatment Complexities of a Young Woman Suffering Psychosis and Pituitary Adenoma

    PubMed Central

    Sigman, Maxine; Drury, Kate

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a clinical description of the presentation, therapy, and pharmacological management of a 28-year-old woman who had nine admissions to a psychiatry ward, the last four within one year. It became clear that the treatments, which the patient had received concurrently for ten years for a pituitary adenoma and for psychotic symptoms, were counteractive. The case highlights the importance of the role of prolactin in psychosis and of an interdisciplinary team approach when patients present with complex symptoms. PMID:22937400

  19. Congenital pulmonic stenosis in a 77-year-old woman successfully treated with percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty

    PubMed Central

    Ayad, Ramy F.; Johnston, Stephen B.; Grayburn, Paul A.; Schmidt, Tyson T.

    2010-01-01

    Congenital pulmonic stenosis (PS) rarely presents in patients over the age of 55 years. A stable asymptomatic course into late adulthood is the usual history of mild to moderate PS. Balloon valvuloplasty has become the procedure of choice for congenital PS, especially in children and young adults. There are rare reports of its use in older adults. Significant valve calcium is believed to limit its success. We present a case of a 77-year-old woman with symptomatic congenital PS and severe valve calcium who underwent successful balloon valvuloplasty. PMID:20157499

  20. A 42-Year-Old Woman With Abnormal Chest CT Scan and Chylous Ascites.

    PubMed

    Panchabhai, Tanmay S; Bandyopadhyay, Debabrata; Yadav, Ruchi; Arrossi, Andrea V; Mehta, Atul C; Faress, Jihane A

    2016-01-01

    A 42-year-old white woman presented to the pulmonary clinic for evaluation of abnormal chest imaging. Twenty years prior to presentation, she was noted to have an abnormal chest radiograph during a routine preemployment evaluation. A subsequent bronchoscopy was nondiagnostic. She was followed up with annual imaging, which demonstrated little or no progression of her disease. She remained symptom free throughout this period. A year before her visit to the pulmonary clinic, she developed abdominal discomfort and was found to have ascites. Subsequently, she underwent three paracenteses with analysis revealing chylous fluid. She was a nonsmoker without a history of exposures or travel. PMID:26757302

  1. Haemolytic anaemia after nitrofurantoin treatment in a pregnant woman with G6PD deficiency

    PubMed Central

    van de Mheen, Lidewij; Smits, Simone M; Terpstra, Wim E; Leyte, Anja; Bekedam, Dick J; van den Akker, Eline S A

    2014-01-01

    We present a normotensive, pregnant woman with severe haemolytic anaemia in the third trimester of pregnancy. Owing to normal platelet count diagnoses other than HELLP syndrome were considered and investigated. The patient was treated with nitrofurantoin 3 weeks before presentation and she turned out to have a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. After treatment with blood transfusion, vitamin B12 and folic acid the patient recovered completely. Caesarean delivery was performed because of maternal hypertension and fetal distress at 33 weeks’ gestation. PMID:24789148

  2. A 73-year-old woman with persistent diarrhea and onychomycosis.

    PubMed

    Buyantseva, Larisa; Brooks, Joel P; Craig, Timothy

    2016-01-01

    We present a case of a 73-year-old woman who presented with chronic watery diarrhea, weight loss, and frequent sinus and nail fungal infections. Her previous workup with a gastroenterologist failed to reveal any causative agent for her symptoms. She considered herself healthy until a thymic tumor was discovered and removed years ago. Subsequently, she developed multiple sinus infections refractory to treatment. Relevant immunology laboratory tests were conducted, which led to the diagnosis. This case illustrated the need for a detailed history and thorough immunologic assessment, and the requirement to maintain a broad differential diagnosis. PMID:26831851

  3. Reading and Hearing The Womans Booke in Early Modern England

    PubMed Central

    Richards, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Summary This essay takes seriously Thomas Raynalde’s advice in The Womans Booke that women might read this work aloud. The evidence I use to sketch the scene of reading includes Raynalde’s advice to readers in his long prologue, and also the kind of reading practice that his own writing represents. But I also go outside the text, considering what we know about the experience of listening to a book, and emphasizing the link between this practice and rhetorical education. I also examine the evidence left behind by two male readers: William Ward, who marked his copy of the 1565 edition privately, and Edward Poeton of Petworth, who represented instead a semipublic or shared reading: the evaluation of The Womans Booke and other books of generation by a Midwife and her Deputy in a fictional dialogue “The Midwives Deputie” (ca. 1630s). PMID:26521668

  4. Journey of a Woman With Terminal Cervical Cancer.

    PubMed

    Kessler, Theresa A

    2016-06-01

    When a cervical cancer diagnosis is made during a terminal stage, a woman is faced with many challenges. Although a terminal illness has many negative effects, such as physical pain, scarring, fear, and sexual dysfunction, women may experience a positive impact on their life, such as improved well-being and a greater appreciation of daily life. The individual experience can lead to personal revelations. Sometimes, the diagnosis can even be seen as a blessing. Understanding a personal experience in a real-life context of the terminal stages of disease is important. This story shares the day-to-day journey of a woman living with a terminal illness of cervical cancer. PMID:27206304

  5. 78 FR 8682 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Vermeer's Woman in Blue...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a... ``Vermeer's Woman in Blue Reading a Letter,'' imported from abroad for temporary exhibition within...

  6. Epithelioid Trophoblastic Tumor in a Postmenopausal Woman: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Park, Jung-Woo

    2016-01-01

    Epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT) is a rare gestational trophoblastic neoplasm composed of intermediate trophoblasts. Most cases of ETT are reported in women of reproductive age following a prior gestation within 2 weeks to 30 years. ETT is extremely rare in postmenopausal women. It is commonly misdiagnosed as a poorly differentiated carcinoma or another type of gestational trophoblastic tumor. We report a case of ETT in a 56-year-old woman that developed 23 years after the patient's last pregnancy. PMID:27152314

  7. The pregnant woman and the good Samaritan: can a woman have a duty to undergo a caesarean section?

    PubMed

    Scott, R

    2000-01-01

    Although a pregnant woman can now refuse any medical treatment needed by the fetus, the Court of Appeal has acknowledged that ethical dilemmas remain, adverting to the inappropriateness of legal compulsion of presumed moral duties in this context. This leaves the impression of an uncomfortable split between the ethics and the law. The notion of a pregnant woman refusing medical treatment needed by the fetus is troubling and it helps little simply to assert that she has a legal right to do so. At the same time, the idea that a pregnant woman fails in her moral duty unless she accepts any recommended treatment or surgery--however great the burden--is also not without difficulty. This article seeks to find a way between these two somewhat polarized positions by arguing that, instead of being a question primarily about whether legally to enforce moral obligations, the 'maternal-fetal conflict' begins with previously unrecognized difficulties in determining when a woman's prima facie moral rights invoked in the treatment context should 'give way' to the interests of the fetus. This difficulty is mirrored within the law. Thus, how can we tell when a pregnant woman has the moral or legal duty to submit to a caesarean section? Seen in this way, the conflict is a problem which lies at the interface between moral and legal rights and duties, showing that there are important conceptual links between the ethics and the law. Against this background, this article explores the limits of a pregnant woman's right to bodily integrity by focusing upon the idea of her moral duty to aid the fetus through her body. Here we find difficulties in determining the existence and extent of this somewhat extraordinary duty. Such a duty is contrasted with both negative and positive duties toward others in the course of 'general conduct.' Attention to the social context of pregnancy and the refusal of treatment within this is also instructive. Overall, the purpose is to foster understanding and

  8. [Workshop: "Woman--a trip through her body"].

    PubMed

    Amorim, M H; de Freitas, A B; Batista, E M; Pacheco, L N

    1996-01-01

    Morbidity due to cervical and breast cancer in Brazilian woman is high, despite the fact that these pathologies are preventable when detected early. The coverage of public health in this disease is unsatisfactory specially if one takes into account the fact that the techniques used for early detection and prevention of those types of cancer are simple and inexpensive. We observed that not many activities have been developed aiming at the education of women with regard to self-knowledge of their bodies. As a result, we prepared in 1993 a workshop entitled "Woman, a trip through her body" comprising 6 group dynamics where there is an intense participation of every woman as it is a very exciting process. The workshop is carried on by one member of the faculty staff, three nurses and nursing students of Federal University of Espírito Santo. There are 30 participants per workshop each one receiving a name tag. This workshop is composed of the following group dynamics which are developed in a cosy and informal atmosphere: Dynamic 1-Pocket History; Dynamic 2-Hands Touch; Dynamic 3-Drawing/ Modelling; Dynamic 4-Trip through the Body; Dynamic 5-Self-examination; Dynamic 6-Body Feeling. PMID:9220844

  9. Woman's Right to Know Act: a legislative history.

    PubMed

    Stam, Paul

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a comprehensive legislative history of North Carolina's Woman's Right to Know Act of 2011. The Act requires informed consent and a mandatory twenty-four hour waiting period for abortion, thus protecting a woman's right to make an informed choice. Informed consent provisions and mandatory waiting periods give individuals making decisions the information and time necessary to make informed choices. The Act further provides that an ultrasound be performed and explained no less than four hours and no more than seventy-two hours before the abortion. The article first provides a brief overview of sources of legislative history recognized in North Carolina. It then details the history of the Woman's Right to Know Act, from the first informed consent bill introduced in 1981, to the passage of the 201l law, and to the federal court case that followed. Finally it provides specific objections that were raised against the bill and responses to each. Legislators considering similar legislation need to be aware of the opposition they inevitably will encounter when passing such a bill. The author expects that this history and the ultimate success of North Carolina will encourage other states' legislators and lawyers and give them the tools to make their case effectively. PMID:22953381

  10. A will to youth: the woman's anti-aging elixir.

    PubMed

    Smirnova, Michelle Hannah

    2012-10-01

    The logic and cultural myths that buttress the cosmeceutical industry construct the older woman as a victim of old age, part of an "at-risk" population who must monitor, treat and prevent any markers of old age. A content and discourse analysis of 124 advertisements from the US More magazine between 1998 and 2008, revealed three major themes working together to produce this civic duty: (1) the inclusion of scientific and medical authorities in order to define the cosmeceutical as a 'drug' curing a disease, (2) descriptions of the similarities (and differences) between the abilities of cosmeceuticals and cosmetic surgery to restore one's youth, and (3) the logic equating youth with beauty, femininity and power and older age with the absence of these qualities. Together these intersecting logics produce the "will to youth"-the imperative of the aging woman to promote her youthful appearance by any and all available means. Further, by using images and references to fantasies and traditional fairytales, cosmeceutical advertisements both promise and normalize expectations of eternal youth of the aging woman. PMID:22742924

  11. German philosophy, Freud, and the riddle of the woman.

    PubMed

    Makari, G J

    1991-01-01

    After Kant's critique of empiricism, subjectivist epistemologies cropped up in 19th-century German philosophy. Schopenhauer argued that the true essence of every object was an irrational and sexual will. This underlying will distorted a subject's knowledge of the world. Schopenhauer's notion of this true essence was analogous to his portrayal of women; they too were natural, irrational, and instinctual. Nietzsche postulated a will-to-power that structured and hence distorted a chaotic world. That structureless "real" world Nietzsche symbolized as the essential "truth of a woman," a truth which for Nietzsche was unknowable to the desirous male philosopher. Freud, while maintaining belief in empirical truth, developed a psychology of mis-knowledge which had much in common with Schopenhauer's epistemology. His theory of transference grew from a need to explain how female patients libidinally distorted the reality of their male analysts. Conversely, Freud's later writings on women are hampered by the author's realization of his own precarious and subjective position as man trying to know woman. These counter-transferential concerns ultimately made the woman's psychological essence an unknowable riddle for Freud. PMID:2026851

  12. The Significance of Career Narrative in Examining a High-Achieving Woman's Career

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elley-Brown, Margaret J.

    2011-01-01

    In this qualitative study, the career journey of one New Zealand woman was analysed. Three key findings emerged: the power of narrative as a vehicle for this woman's story, her movement towards greater authenticity and spiritual fulfilment as a mature woman, and the ongoing struggle for concurrent fulfilment from communal and agentic perspectives.…

  13. Iconizing the Modern Woman: New Symbols in the Same Old Myth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deming, Caren J.

    Current television programs create an image of modern woman that is vastly different from the real modern woman as she is reflected in social statistics. Today's average woman can be described as follows: 30 years old, possibly single, employed outside the home, independent and self reliant, sophisticated in tastes and expectations, and concerned…

  14. Vulvar Abscess Caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in a Postmenopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Tae-Hee; Kim, Soo Ah; Heo, Gyeong-Eun

    2016-01-01

    Infections of the vulva can present a complex differential to the gynecologist, ranging from superficial skin infections to lifethreatening necrotizing fasciitis. Recognition and timely treatment remain universal to skin and soft-tissue infections as the subcutaneous anatomy of the vulva can facilitate rapid spread to other tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Employing a multidisciplinary team approach to care for vulvar cellulitis and abscess can guide treatment from antibiotic therapies to more aggressive surgical debridement. In this report, we describe a case of vulvar abscess caused by Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a postmenopausal woman with underlying diseases of bronchiectasis and atelectasis. PMID:27617247

  15. A 29-Year-Old Woman With Severe Sepsis and Hemoptysis.

    PubMed

    Aripoli, Allison; Meek, Lucas; Lemons, Steven; Spikes, Leslie

    2016-08-01

    A 29-year-old woman presented with a 1-week history of fever, weakness, anorexia, darkened urine, and mild cough. The patient described her cough as nonproductive and without hemoptysis. She had no chest pain. The patient's medical history was significant for x-linked hypophosphatemia, renal stones, migraine headaches, and chronic back pain managed on prescribed oral opiates for some time. She reported regular cigarette smoking, but denied illicit or IV drug use or any recent travel or sick contacts. The patient also had no known pertinent family history. PMID:27502994

  16. Longstanding Hypoparathyroidism in a Fifty-Two-Year-Old Woman Misdiagnosed as Spondyloarthropathy

    PubMed Central

    Zabihiyeganeh, Mozhdeh; Jahed, Seyed Adel; Akbari, Hounaz

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Hypoparathyroidism might cause various musculoskeletal findings, resembling Spondyloarthropathies. Case Presentation: We described a 52-year-old woman, diagnosed as a case of undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy for ten years, who was unresponsive to classic anti-inflammatory therapies. She developed anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and had elevated muscle enzymes during the course of disease. On a routine checkup, marked hypocalcemia and suppressed parathyroid hormone levels were found. Calcium and calcitriol therapy led to clinical and laboratory improvement. Conclusions: This case emphasizes the importance of recognizing rheumatic manifestations of hypoparathyroidism to preclude unnecessary treatments. Serum calcium should be included in the diagnostic workup of these patients. PMID:25763244

  17. A 61-year-old woman develops polyuria after hip revision

    PubMed Central

    Shaheen, Aisha; Dobish, Mark; Gleason, Vanessa; Setren, Adam; Stem, Jonathan; Kohl, Benjamin A.

    2016-01-01

    A 61-year-old previously healthy woman developed progressive hearing and visual loss over a period of 2–3 months prior to admission. Her medical/surgical history was remarkable for a left hip arthroplasty 11 years ago requiring revision approximately 6 months prior to admission. After dislocating the revised hip, she re-presented to her surgeon and underwent a closed reduction. Several weeks following the reduction, the patient began having polyuria and symptoms of hearing and vision loss along with numbness in her extremities and abdominal region. PMID:27170702

  18. Recurrent Streptococcus pyogenes genital infection in a woman: test and treat the partner!

    PubMed

    Verkaeren, Emilienne; Epelboin, Loïc; Epelboin, Sylvie; Boddaert, Nathalie; Brossier, Florence; Caumes, Eric

    2014-12-01

    Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a well-known cause of vulvovaginitis in prepubescent girls, but it is rarely described in adult women. We describe the case of a 64-year-old woman who presented with endometritis revealed by GAS bacteraemia, followed by recurrent vulvovaginitis due to a wild-type strain of GAS. She relapsed twice despite amoxicillin treatment. Her husband was found to be an asymptomatic carrier after GAS was identified in nasal and rectal swabs. She was cured after eradication of carriage in both herself and her husband with amoxicillin and rifampin. When recurrent Streptococcus pyogenes genital infections occur, test and treat the partner. PMID:25449232

  19. Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy in an Adult Woman With Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Lan T; Schelbert, Erik B; Cook, Stephen C

    2016-05-01

    Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible form of cardiomyopathy rarely reported in the adult congenital patient. We describe a case of a 49-year-old woman with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who presented with acute dyspnea. A 12-lead electrocardiogram revealed diffuse anterolateral T-wave inversion suggestive of myocardial ischemia. Cardiac catheterization was performed, demonstrating angiographically normal coronary arteries. A cardiovascular magnetic resonance examination showed apical akinesis with associated myocardial edema, but no myocardial damage on late gadolinium enhancement imaging, which is a characteristic of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. The patient was treated medically. A follow-up echocardiogram demonstrated normalization of left ventricular systolic function and apical wall motion abnormalities. PMID:26701619

  20. Management of a Woman With Maple Syrup Urine Disease During Pregnancy, Delivery, and Lactation.

    PubMed

    Wessel, Ann E; Mogensen, Kris M; Rohr, Frances; Erick, Miriam; Neilan, Edward G; Chopra, Sameer; Levy, Harvey L; Gray, Kathryn J; Wilkins-Haug, Louise; Berry, Gerard T

    2015-09-01

    Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD) is an inherited disorder of metabolism of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Complications of acute elevation in plasma leucine include ketoacidosis and risk of cerebral edema, which can be fatal. Individuals with MSUD are at risk of metabolic crisis throughout life, especially at times of physiological stress. We present a case of successful management of a woman with MSUD through pregnancy, delivery, postpartum, and lactation, including nutrition therapy using modified parenteral nutrition. PMID:24618664

  1. Intralobar pulmonary sequestration in elderly woman: a rare case report with emphasis on imaging findings.

    PubMed

    Al-Timimy, Qays Ahmed Hassan; Al-Shamseei, Hind Fadhil

    2016-09-01

    Intralobar pulmonary sequestration is a rare malformation that predisposes to recurrent respiratory infections. It is difficult to diagnose unless a more extensive directed investigation (to the vasculature and pulmonary parenchyma) is take on. Failure to diagnose and treat this condition can lead to recurrent pneumonia and fatal hemoptysis. Most cases are diagnosed before the age of 20 years. In this report, we present an extremely rare case of elderly woman with initial diagnosis of intralobar sequestration, and to our knowledge, this case represents the oldest diagnosed patient in the literature. PMID:27594937

  2. Complications of banded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a 33-week pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    de Raaff, Christel A L; Eshuis, Wietse J; van Wagensveld, Bart A; van Veen, Ruben N

    2016-01-01

    Women desiring pregnancy might fail to conceive due to their obesity. Bariatric surgery has shown to reduce this infertility up to 58% and is therefore considered a successful strategy for morbidly obese infertile women. Nevertheless, when pregnancy has succeeded, surgery-related complications might occur.Banded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-LRYGB) is a relatively new technique in which a band is placed around the small gastric pouch. We report a case of a 30-year-old woman who succeeded to become pregnant after weight loss due to B-LRYGB, but presented with acute abdominal pain in Week 33 of her pregnancy. PMID:27562576

  3. Vulvar Abscess Caused by Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in a Postmenopausal Woman.

    PubMed

    Kim, Tae-Hee; Seap, Bel; Kim, Soo Ah; Heo, Gyeong-Eun

    2016-08-01

    Infections of the vulva can present a complex differential to the gynecologist, ranging from superficial skin infections to lifethreatening necrotizing fasciitis. Recognition and timely treatment remain universal to skin and soft-tissue infections as the subcutaneous anatomy of the vulva can facilitate rapid spread to other tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Employing a multidisciplinary team approach to care for vulvar cellulitis and abscess can guide treatment from antibiotic therapies to more aggressive surgical debridement. In this report, we describe a case of vulvar abscess caused by Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a postmenopausal woman with underlying diseases of bronchiectasis and atelectasis. PMID:27617247

  4. Complications of banded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a 33-week pregnant woman

    PubMed Central

    de Raaff, Christel A.L.; Eshuis, Wietse J.; van Wagensveld, Bart A.; van Veen, Ruben N.

    2016-01-01

    Women desiring pregnancy might fail to conceive due to their obesity. Bariatric surgery has shown to reduce this infertility up to 58% and is therefore considered a successful strategy for morbidly obese infertile women. Nevertheless, when pregnancy has succeeded, surgery-related complications might occur. Banded laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (B-LRYGB) is a relatively new technique in which a band is placed around the small gastric pouch. We report a case of a 30-year-old woman who succeeded to become pregnant after weight loss due to B-LRYGB, but presented with acute abdominal pain in Week 33 of her pregnancy. PMID:27562576

  5. [Hyperthyroid and acute tonsillitis in a 23-year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Beyer, G; Küster, I; Budde, C; Wilhelm, E; Hoene, A; Evert, K; Stracke, S; Friesecke, S; Mayerle, J; Steveling, A

    2016-07-01

    A 23-year-old woman with preexisting Graves' disease who received thiamazole treatment presented with fever, dysphagia, hyperthyroidism and leukopenia. With suspicion of thyreotoxicosis accompanied by drug-induced agranulocytosis she was successfully managed by plasmapheresis, G‑CSF administration and inhibition of periphereal conversion of thyroid hormones. In due course she underwent thyroidectomy. Thiamazole is frequently associated with drug-induced agranulocytosis. Long-term therapy with thiamazole requires critical evaluation and alternatives should be considered early. Plasmapheresis is an adequate treatment option to achieve normal thyroid hormonal status. PMID:27075316

  6. Brief communication: A 61-year-old woman with vesicular eruption after varicella zoster vaccination

    PubMed Central

    Spriet, Sarah; Banks, Taylor A.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Vesicular rashes are associated with a variety of infectious and noninfectious causes. Objective: To discuss the differential diagnoses of vesicular rashes. Methods: We present the clinical case of an adult woman who was immunocompetent and who developed several clear fluid-filled vesicles on her upper extremity within days of receiving the varicella zoster vaccine. Over the next several days, the skin eruption generalized, and she developed new lesions in various stages of healing. Results: After a detailed history and further studies were obtained, a final diagnosis was made. Conclusion: In patients who have recently been vaccinated, a high index of suspicion for an adverse vaccine reaction should be maintained. PMID:27349562

  7. Tuberculosis Endometritis Presenting as A Leiomyoma

    PubMed Central

    Shirazi, Mahboobeh; Shahbazi, Fatemeh; Pirzadeh, Leila; Mohammadi, Seyed Rahim; Ghaffari, Parisa; Eftekhar, Tahereh

    2015-01-01

    Genitourinary tuberculosis is a common extrapulmonary manifestation of tuberculosis. Taking into consideration that genitourinary tuberculosis may be associated with a diversity of presentations, its diagnoses may be difficult. A young woman with an initial presumptive diagnosis of a uterine leiomyoma presented with abdominal pain and a pelvic mass that after further investigations, she was diagnosed with genital tuberculosis. PMID:25780530

  8. Hartnup disease presenting in an adult.

    PubMed

    Oakley, A; Wallace, J

    1994-09-01

    A young woman presented with pellagra. Her symptoms were precipitated by prolonged lactation and increased activity. Dietary intake of niacin was within recommended guidelines. Chromatography of urinary amino acids was diagnostic of Hartnup disease, an inherited disorder usually presenting in childhood. Her symptoms resolved with oral nicotinamide. PMID:7955499

  9. "Learning to Write, or Writing to Learn?": A Critical Analysis and Evaluation of the Schools Council Project of Written Language of 11- to 18-year-olds and its development project, "Writing Across the Curriculum."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jeanette T.

    The theory and research resulting from the Writing Research Unit of the Schools Council Project in England has received widespread attention. In response to that attention, and with the opinion that the ideas "Writing across the Curriculum" and "Language across the Curriculum" developed in the Project are fuzzy slogans not always fully understood,…

  10. Early intervention for depression and anxiety in 16-18-year-olds: Protocol for a feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial of open-access psychological workshops in schools (DISCOVER).

    PubMed

    Michelson, Daniel; Sclare, Irene; Stahl, Daniel; Morant, Nicola; Bonin, Eva-Maria; Brown, June S L

    2016-05-01

    Adolescence is a vulnerable period for the development of mental health problems. The DISCOVER intervention aims to provide accessible, acceptable and cost-effective psychological support for stressed adolescents in inner-city secondary schools. The intervention uses age-appropriate cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) methods and materials, delivered in an interactive 1-day workshop with additional telephone support. An open-access entry route allows students to self-refer. This protocol describes a feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing DISCOVER with a waitlist control condition. The study will run across 10 clusters (secondary schools) in the inner London Boroughs of Southwark and Lambeth. Participants are students aged over 16years who are seeking help with anxiety and/or depressive symptoms. Key feasibility parameters relate to the proportion of students willing to participate in the research following publicity events; the proportion of students who complete the intervention; and response rates for outcome measures. Outcome variance estimates and intra-cluster correlations will be obtained for future power calculations. Qualitative methods will be used to explore the acceptability of the intervention and research procedures for students and school staff. The feasibility of an economic evaluation will also be examined. The results will (i) determine the appropriateness of proceeding to a definitive full-scale trial; and (ii) inform the development of an optimised version of the DISCOVER intervention that can be tested within feasible parameters. PMID:26883283

  11. Efficacy of topical azathioprine and betamethasone versus betamethasone-only emollient cream in 2-18 years old patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: A randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Iraji, Fariba; Farhadi, Sadaf; Faghihi, Gita; Mokhtari, Fatemeh; Basiri, Akram; Jafari-Koshki, Tohid; Nilforoushzadeh, Mohammad Ali

    2015-01-01

    Background: Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease with increasing prevalence worldwide and a considerable burden especially among children. To circumvent the problems related to oral azathioprine (AZT) we aimed to evaluate its topical variant and assess its efficacy in patients aged 2–18. Materials and Methods: In a single-blind trial, we randomized the patients into two groups, one treated with topical emollient containing AZT and betamethasone (BM), and the other treated solely with topical emollient of BM. The treatments were administered twice a day for 8 weeks in both groups. The efficacy, recurrence, and the presence of side effects were evaluated using SPSS 20. Results: The amount of reduction in severity scoring for atopic dermatitis (SCORAD) score was significantly greater in the group treated with the topical AZT (P = 0.024). Incidentally, there were no difference between two treatments in difference in proportions of recurrence and adverse effects as well as SCORAD reduction in subgroups of sex and age (all P > 0.05). Conclusions: Our results showed the superiority of topical AZT over BM with a low recurrence and adverse effects. No expectation of severe side effects, like those of oral AZT, is the major advantage of topical AZT. The sample size was an issue in uncovering the value of AZT in the subgroups. Conducting prolonged studies of quality-of-life and comparing the topical AZT potency relative to the common alternatives are recommended areas of future work. PMID:26623403

  12. Difficult diagnosis: strangulated obturator hernia in an 88-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Leitch, Megan Kathleen; Yunaev, Michael

    2016-01-01

    The obturator hernia is a rare type of hernia that can present a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. We report a case of an 88-year-old woman who presented with a history of right iliac fossa pain, bilious vomiting and diarrhoea. Non-specific findings on examination and blood tests made the diagnosis difficult, however, a CT scan of her abdomen revealed the site of the obstruction and the patient was taken to theatre for emergency surgery. We review the literature with focus on the diagnosis of obturator hernias and the different surgical approaches used. The authors believe that this case is of educational value to healthcare professionals, particularly those working in general practice, emergency departments and on surgical teams. It highlights to doctors that patients with incarcerated obturator hernias can present with or without overt signs of intestinal obstruction and emphasises the fact that an obturator hernia can be an important cause of intestinal obstruction in a thin, elderly woman. PMID:27358098

  13. Unusual Presentation of a Primary Ewing’s Sarcoma of the Spine with Paraplegia: A Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Sundarapandian, Rajkumar Jayachandran; Surulivel, Vignesh Jayabalan

    2015-01-01

    Ewing’s sarcoma is a primary malignancy of the bone affecting individuals in the second decade of life. Primary sarcomas of the spine are rare and the occurrence of Primary Ewing’s sarcoma in the spine is very rare. Ewing’s sarcoma occurring in the spine is divided into two types, Ewing’s sarcoma of sacral spine which are very aggressive with poor prognosis and Ewing’s sarcoma of the non sacral spine which is an extremely rare occurrence. Patient may present with neurological deficit when the tumour extends into the spinal canal causing spinal cord compression. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is very sensitive in diagnosing the tumour and defining the extent of the tumour. Here we report an 18-year-old boy who presented with back pain and complete paraplegia of two months duration. The MRI gave a differential diagnosis of infective pathology due to the fluid collection in the paraspinal region, followed by primary malignancy as the second diagnosis. Patient underwent posterior spinal decompression and stabilization, and intaoperatively there was significant collection of pus whose culture showed no growth. The histopathology and immunohistochemistry studies confirmed the diagnosis of Ewing’s sarcoma and patient was started on combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. PMID:25954672

  14. Simultaneous occurrence of Hodgkin's disease and tubercular lymphadenitis in the same cervical lymph node: a rare presentation.

    PubMed

    Mahajan, Kunal; Gupta, Gunjan; Singh, Davinder Pal; Mahajan, Aditi

    2016-01-01

    Concomitant presentation of tuberculosis (TB) and lymphoma is a rare entity. A primary malignancy such as Hodgkin's disease (HD) may cause suppression of the cell-mediated immunity, which predisposes to a concomitant TB infection. We report a case of an 18-year-old man, who presented with fever and was found to have pallor, generalised lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, ascites and pedal oedema. Ultrasound of the abdomen revealed enlarged lymph nodes in the para-aortic and peripancreatic region. On chest contrast-enhanced CT, calcified mediastinal lymph nodes were seen. A surgical biopsy of a cervical lymph node was performed, which revealed caseous necrosis surrounded by epithelioid cells along with diffuse nodal architectural effacement by large atypical lymphoid cells. Numerous Reed Sternberg cells were also seen. Immunohistochemistry confirmed diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma. The same lymph node came out to be positive for mycobacterium TB on polymerised chain reaction. The patient was given antitubercular therapy concomitantly with chemotherapy for HD, and improved with treatment. PMID:26740271

  15. [Seizures caused by subarachnoid haemorrhage in a pregnant woman].

    PubMed

    Shim, Susy; Christiansen, Ulla Birgitte; Sørensen, Anne Nødgaard

    2016-07-25

    This case report describes a pregnant woman of gestational week 37 + 2 days who was admitted to the hospital with first-time seizures. The patient was stabilized, and an acute caesarian section was performed due to the possible aetiology of eclampsia and the advanced gestational age. Because of the atypical clinical history and normal maternal blood samples a computed tomography of the cerebrum was performed demonstrating a subarachnoid haemorrhage. A computed tomography-angiography revealed an aneurism at the anterior communicating artery. The aneurism was coiled the following day to reduce the risk of rebleeding. PMID:27460576

  16. Chorea in a pregnant woman with rheumatic mitral stenosis.

    PubMed

    Fam, Neil P; Chisholm, Robert J

    2003-05-01

    Chorea gravidarum is a rare movement disorder of pregnancy with a broad differential diagnosis. Although often a benign condition, it may indicate underlying acute rheumatic fever, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome or a hypercoagulable state. However, now that rheumatic fever is rare in western countries, chorea gravidarum occurs most commonly in patients with chronic rheumatic heart disease. Heightened awareness of chorea gravidarum and the morbidity of the often associated rheumatic heart disease, particularly in immigrants from developing countries, is essential for early diagnosis and effective management. A case of chorea gravidarum in a woman with rheumatic mitral stenosis is described. The diagnostic approach, pathophysiology and management of this rare condition are discussed. PMID:12772024

  17. Care of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Menopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Cejtin, Helen E.

    2012-01-01

    More women than ever before are both Human Immunodeficiency Virus-infected and menopausal, because of increased survival and more frequent diagnosis in older women. Such a woman has the combined burden of her infection, its treatment, comorbid conditions, and aging. Thus she is at risk for a variety of problems such as disorders of bone mineral density and deficiencies in cognitive functioning. In addition to this, she experiences menopause in a unique fashion, with more symptoms and perhaps at an earlier age. The clinician caring for her must take a proactive approach to this multitude of factors that may affect her health and well-being. PMID:22284959

  18. Maternity care of a woman with spina bifida.

    PubMed

    Stansfield, Coryn

    2012-06-01

    With the increased advancements of corrective surgery for babies with spina bifida, more women these days affected by spina bifida are reaching child bearing age and having children of their own. This poses both obstetric an medical challenges to ensure the safe care of both the mother and child. This case study explores the healthcare needs of the woman with spina bifida and the medical and obstetric challenges that are posed, particularly in the antenatal period. It examines the role of the midwife in providing holistic co-ordinated care to ensure that the outcome is both positive and empowering. PMID:22860359

  19. Unveiling the mystery about adult ADHD: one woman's journey.

    PubMed

    Waite, Roberta; Ivey, Nicole

    2009-09-01

    Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a neurobiological disorder, affects millions of individuals and can significantly impact an individual's life course. Research guidelines used in assessment, diagnosis, and treatment have focused primarily on Caucasian males generating, in part, the need to redress how gender and other contextual factors are considered. Consequently many women and persons from diverse cultural groups can be ignored or misdiagnosed. Undiagnosed and untreated women with ADHD are therefore limited in their potential to flourish socially, academically, interpersonally, and in their family roles. This case example of a 38-year-old African American woman illustrates how her life journey was affected by undiagnosed ADHD. PMID:19657868

  20. Being a woman researcher in an Anatolian village

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    This essay represents the first editorial of the series "Recollections, Reflections, and Revelations: Ethnobiologists and their First Time in the Field". In this memoir, the author details the evolvement and intellectual progression of her research focusing on wild food plant consumption within a remote community in the high steppes of Central Anatolia during the early Nineties. The author conveys a human learning journey as a woman and an ethnobiologist, reflecting on the methodological bottlenecks and solutions during her first ethnographic experience in the field. PMID:23819702

  1. A 34-Year-Old Woman With Recurrent Right-Sided Chest Pain and Dyspnea.

    PubMed

    Albores, Jeffrey; Fishbein, Gregory; Bando, Joanne

    2015-11-01

    A 34-year-old woman presented with her third episode of acute-onset right-sided chest pain and dyspnea. She had two prior similar occurrences of right-sided sharp, pleuritic chest pain with radiation to the back and dyspnea. Chest radiographs during these presentations revealed a small apical right-sided pneumothorax that was managed conservatively with high-flow oxygen. All three presentations were associated with vigorous exercise and the first day of her menses. She denied cough, hemoptysis, fever, smoking history, airplane travel, scuba diving, or trauma during these presentations. The patient has been trying to conceive for the past year but has been unsuccessful because of uterine fibroids but no history of endometriosis. PMID:26527442

  2. A Woman's College and the Woman's Tradition: A Defense of Female Leadership and Internationalism at Mount Holyoke. ASHE 1983 Annual Meeting Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drakeman, Lisa

    Views on the importance of the woman's contributions to shaping culture and the role of female leadership at Mount Holyoke College are considered. According to historian Mary Ritter Beard, the "woman's tradition" of imparting a progressive social consciousness to the culture has been an important influence. Beard addressed Mount Holyoke in 1937 at…

  3. [A 73-year-old woman with familial Parkinson's disease].

    PubMed

    Takanashi, M; Urabe, T; Ohta, S; Hamano, Y; Mori, H; Shirai, T; Kondo, T; Mizuno, Y

    1999-12-01

    We report a 73-year-old Japanese woman with familial Parkinson's disease. The patient was well until her 67 years of the age, when she noted rest tremor in her right hand. Soon after her gait became short stepped. She visited our clinic on October 6, 1992 when she was 68 years old. She was alert and well oriented without dementia. She showed masked face, small voice, small stepped gait, retropulsion, resting tremor in her right hand, rigidity in the neck, and bradykinesia. She was treated with 400 mg/day of levodopa-carbidopa, which improved her symptoms, however, she developed wearing off phenomenon 3 years after the initiation of levodopa treatment. On August 26, 1998, she developed abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting. She was admitted to another hospital, where abdominal plain x-ray revealed an evidence of intestinal obstruction (ileus). She was treated with nasogastric suction and intravenous fluid. Her condition did not improve and she was transferred to our hospital on August 29, 1998. Her family history revealed no consanguineous marriage. She had two elder brothers and three elder sisters. One of her brothers had been diagnosed as Parkinson's disease. Her husband also suffered from Parkinson's disease, however, her parents apparently did not have Parkinson's disease. On admission, she appeared to be drowsy. Her blood pressure was 102/70 mmHg, body temperature 36.2 degrees C. The lungs were clear and no cardiac murmur was present. Abdomen was flat and bowel sound was audible. No abnormal mass was palpable. Neurologic examination revealed mild consciousness disturbance, masked face, and small voice. No motor paralysis was noted. Muscle tone was hypotonic. No abnormal involuntary movement was noted. Abnormal laboratory findings on admission were as follows; WBC 11,300/microliter, amylase 1,373 IU/l, CK 446 IU/l, BUN 50 mg/dl, creatinine 1.17 mg/dl, CRP 22.7 mg/ dl, Na 134 mEq/l, K 3.1 mEq/l, and Cl 81 mEq/l. A chest x-ray film revealed pneumonic shadows in

  4. A woman with cystic fibrosis, severe hypoxaemia, an atrial thrombus and a patent foramen ovale: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Cystic fibrosis is usually associated with chronic pulmonary sepsis and frequent infective exacerbations. We report a very unusual cause of severe hypoxaemia in a woman with cystic fibrosis caused by thrombus formation in the right atrium. Case presentation A 21-year-old Caucasian woman with cystic fibrosis and a totally implantable venous access device presented with severe hypoxaemia. This was initially treated with antibiotics but her oxygen levels did not improve significantly. Subsequently, a transient ischaemic attack occurred. Further investigations, including a contrast echocardiogram and a cardiac magnetic resonance scan, revealed the presence of a large right atrial thrombus and right-to-left intracardiac shunt through a patent foramen ovale. Conclusion This case highlights the need to consider a right-to-left shunt in chronic respiratory diseases when hypoxaemia is out of proportion to the degree of lung function impairment. Totally implantable venous access devices should always be considered as a source of thrombus formation. PMID:19830232

  5. Periappendicular Abscess Presenting within an Inguinal Hernia

    PubMed Central

    Loberant, Norman; Bickel, Amitai

    2015-01-01

    The presence of the appendix within an inguinal hernia is a rare finding. We present the case of an elderly woman who developed appendicitis within an inguinal hernia, complicated by a supervening periappendicular abscess. She was successfully treated with a combination of antibiotics and percutaneous drainage. PMID:26605128

  6. Macroglossia. An unusual presentation of pemphigus vulgaris.

    PubMed

    Milgraum, S S; Kanzler, M H; Waldinger, T P; Wong, R C

    1985-10-01

    A 19-year-old woman presented with macroglossia of five months' duration and without bullae or erosions. A biopsy revealed a picture consistent with pemphigus vulgaris. The patient subsequently developed typical oral erosions. Her tongue enlargement and oral ulcerations improved dramatically with topical and systemic steroid therapy. Pemphigus vulgaris should be considered in the differential diagnosis of macroglossia. PMID:4037830

  7. Tardive dyskinesia occurring in a young woman after withdrawal of an atypical antipsychotic drug

    PubMed Central

    Alblowi, Mohammed A.; Alosaimi, Fahad D.

    2015-01-01

    Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is one of the most serious and disturbing side-effects of dopamine receptor antagonists. It affects 20-50% of patients on long-term antipsychotic therapy. The pathophysiology of TD remains poorly understood, and treatment is often challenging. Here, we present a 32-year-old woman presenting with a 9-month history of TD occurring after risperidone withdrawal, and characterized almost exclusively by tongue protrusion. After being seen by different specialties and undergoing multiple investigations, she was eventually correctly diagnosed with TD by a specialist team and successfully treated with amantadine. Vigilance and awareness of this condition and its risk factors are required to make the correct diagnosis, especially in cases with unusual presentations caused by atypical antipsychotics, and treatment can be challenging. PMID:26492119

  8. A novel mutation (Arg169Gln) of the cardiac ryanodine receptor gene causing exercise-induced bidirectional ventricular tachycardia.

    PubMed

    Hsueh, Chia-Hsiang; Weng, Yi-Chun; Chen, Chao-Yu; Lin, Tin-Kwang; Lin, Yen-Hung; Lai, Ling-Ping; Lin, Jiunn-Lee

    2006-04-01

    An 18-year-old woman presented with exercise induced sudden collapse. Series of cardiac work up revealed no structural cardiac abnormalities. Bidirectional ventricular tachycardia occurred during a treadmill exercise test. Under the impression of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, we screened the cardiac ryanodine receptor gene for mutation. We identified a novel heterozygous mutation at the 169th amino acid (Arg169Gln). This amino acid is highly conserved among many species and this mutation was not present in 50 normal control subjects. This patient was treated with a beta-block with good response. PMID:16517285

  9. Hepatoblastoma evaluated by 18F-fluoromethyl choline PET/CT.

    PubMed

    Bieze, Matthanja; van Gulik, Thomas M; Bennink, Roelof J

    2013-02-01

    Hepatoblastoma is a rare carcinoma mostly seen in children. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by resection and adjuvant chemotherapy is the optimal treatment. We present the case of an 18-year-old woman who presented with abdominal pain, nausea, bloating, and fatigue. MRI showed 3 hepatic lesions with high signal intensity on arterial phase T1-weighted images and slight washout on the late phase, suggestive for hepatocellular carcinoma. Laboratory examinations revealed plasma α-feto-protein of 114,245 μg/L. Subsequent baseline and posttreatment F-fluoromethyl choline PET/CT were performed to possibly evaluate extent of the disease and assess disease response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. PMID:23334143

  10. Birth of a baby conceived from frozen oocytes of a 40-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Parmegiani, L; Cognigni, G E; Bernardi, S; Ciampaglia, W; Pocognoli, P; Filicori, M

    2009-06-01

    The potential, limits and safety of oocyte freezing are still being explored. Female age may play a relevant role in treatment outcome. The present study is the first report of the birth and normal development of a baby conceived from frozen oocytes of a 40-year-old woman. IVF was carried out in an infertile 40-year-old woman, and seven metaphase II (MII) oocytes were obtained after ovarian stimulation. Three fresh oocytes were inseminated by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), according to Italian law. Two embryos were transferred, but pregnancy did not occur. The four remaining MII oocytes were frozen (by slow freezing protocol) and ICSI was performed in the two oocytes surviving after thawing. Two embryos were obtained on day 2. Both embryos were transferred, resulting in a singleton pregnancy, and a healthy male baby was born. So far, the child (now 3 years old) has scored normally according to the WHO Child Growth Standards. The Denver Developmental Screening Test for psychomotor development was normal. This report demonstrates that conception and pregnancy from cryopreserved oocytes belonging to women up to 40 years of age is possible, and can yield normal children. This finding has implications for women who want to preserve their reproductive potential. PMID:19490783

  11. Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome 3 Onset with Severe Ketoacidosis in a 74-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Benedini, Stefano; Tufano, Antonietta; Passeri, Elena; Mendola, Marco; Luzi, Livio; Corbetta, Sabrina

    2015-01-01

    Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D), autoimmune thyroid disease, and autoimmune gastritis often occur together forming the so-called autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 3 (APS3). We here report a clinical case of a 74-year-old woman who presented for the first time with severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis diagnosed as T1D. Further clinical investigations revealed concomitant severe hypothyroidism with autoimmune thyroid disease and severe cobalamin deficiency due to chronic atrophic gastritis. The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus was confirmed by the detection of autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase 65, islet cell antibodies, and anti-insulin autoantibodies. Anti-thyroperoxidase, anti-thyroglobulin, and anti-gastric parietal cell antibodies were also clearly positive. The case emphasized that new onset diabetic ketoacidosis, hypothyroidism, and cobalamin deficiency may simultaneously occur, and one disease can mask the features of the other, thereby making diagnosis difficult. It is noteworthy that an APS3 acute episode occurred in an asymptomatic elder woman for any autoimmune diseases. PMID:25821607

  12. Gait Disturbance as the Presenting Symptom in Young Children With Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis.

    PubMed

    Yeshokumar, Anusha K; Sun, Lisa R; Klein, Jessica L; Baranano, Kristin W; Pardo, Carlos A

    2016-09-01

    This case series demonstrates a novel clinical phenotype of gait disturbance as an initial symptom in children <3 years old with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis is one of the most common causes of encephalitis in children, more common than any of the viral encephalitides and the second most common autoimmune cause after acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. Anti-NMDAR encephalitis in children often presents with disrupted speech and sleep patterns followed by progression to motor dysfunction, dyskinesias, and seizures. Because this condition can present initially with vague symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of anti-NMDAR encephalitis are often delayed. Although nearly 40% of all reported patients are <18 years old, few infants and toddlers have been reported with this disease. Four children <3 years old were diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis at our institution. Interestingly, each child presented initially with the chief concern of gait disturbance. One child presented with unsteady walking and slurred speech, suggestive of cerebellar ataxia, and 3 had inability to bear weight on a unilateral lower extremity, resulting in unsteady gait. Two of these children had seizures at the time of hospital presentation. All developed classic behavioral changes, insomnia, dyskinesias, or decreased speech immediately before or during hospitalization. When seen in the setting of other neurologic abnormalities, gait disturbance should raise the concern for anti-NMDAR encephalitis in young children. The differential diagnosis for gait disturbance in toddlers and key features suggestive of anti-NMDAR encephalitis are reviewed. PMID:27531146

  13. Voices from the margin: a case study of a rural lesbian's experience with woman-to-woman sexual violence.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu-Wei

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to understand how a lesbian survivor coped with traumatic stress resulting from woman-to-woman sexual violence in a rural context. This research was grounded on the feminist paradigm, and the case study approach was used for data collection and analysis. The results indicate that the lesbian survivor encountered numerous obstacles to admitting the rape and seeking help. A number of these perceived challenges were associated with the rural sociocultural context (e.g., conservative culture, religious fundamentalism, low levels of anonymity, small gay/lesbian communities, and geographical isolation), myths of lesbian utopia, a heterosexist legal system, and a lack of lesbian-friendly helping resources. Despite being confronted with numerous challenges, the survivor demonstrated her resilience through the use of a variety of strategies to cope with the rape aftermath and detrimental social reactions. Positive social support from her gay and lesbian friends also facilitated her recovery. The findings highlight the importance of considering the intersection of trauma and cultural oppression in understanding lesbian survivors' experiences with same-sex sexual assault. PMID:21491312

  14. Ulcero-osteolytic lesions in a woman with type 2 diabetes and carpal tunnel syndrome: A case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Romeo, Elisabetta L; Previti, Marcello; Giandalia, Annalisa; Russo, Giuseppina T; Cucinotta, Domenico

    2016-03-01

    We describe the case of a 73-year-old woman with type 2 diabetes presenting with ulcers and ostelytic lesions on distal phalanges of left hand, who was diagnosed with the rare "ulcero-mutilating" variant of carpal tunnel syndrome. A review of literature on cutaneous manifestations associated with the syndrome is also presented. PMID:26830858

  15. A Fatal Twist: Volvulus of the Small Intestine in a 46-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Klein, Jared; Baxstrom, Kathryn; Donnelly, Stephen; Feasel, Patrick; Koles, Paul

    2015-01-01

    A 46-year-old woman presented to two emergency departments within 12 hours because of acute abdominal pain. Physical exam demonstrated tenderness and epigastric guarding. An ultrasound was interpreted as negative; she was discharged home. Later that evening, she was found dead. Postmortem exam revealed acute hemorrhagic necrosis of a segment of jejunum secondary to volvulus. Clinical clues suggesting presentations of small bowel volvulus are usually nonspecific; the diagnosis is typically confirmed at surgery. Her unremitting abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, and absolute neutrophilia were consistent with an acute process. The etiology of this volvulus was caused by an elastic fibrous band at the root of the jejunal mesentery. While congenital fibrous bands are rare in adults, this interpretation is favored for two reasons. First, the band was located 20 cm superior to postsurgical adhesions in the lower abdomen and pelvis. Second, there was no history of trauma or previous surgery involving the site of volvulus. PMID:26612989

  16. Angioedema in a 47-year-old woman with hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome.

    PubMed

    Jones, Julie M; Reich, Keith A; Raval, Deena G

    2012-02-01

    Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS) is a type III hypersensitivity reaction characterized by urticaria with persistent acquired hypocomplementemia. Although HUVS is uncommon, it is important for physicians to be familiar with this disease, as the initial presentation is often life-threatening angioedema. The author reports the case of a 47-year-old white woman with a history of HUVS. She presented to an outpatient clinic complaining of a rash and difficulty swallowing. Urticaria and angioedema were diagnosed. The patient was given epinephrine in the clinic and then transferred to the hospital. Laboratory testing confirmed urticaria, and the patient was given intravenous methylprednisolone sodium succinate and an additional dose of epinephrine. After 1 week, the patient's angioedema improved. PMID:22331803

  17. Life-threatening ketoacidosis in a pregnant woman with psychotic disorder.

    PubMed

    Frise, Charlotte; Attwood, Ben; Watkinson, Peter; Mackillop, Lucy

    2016-03-01

    Pregnancy is an insulin resistant state. Hyperglycaemia and gestational diabetes mellitus are well-recognised complications even in women without existing metabolic syndrome or obesity. Pregnant women also appear to be more vulnerable to ketoacidosis, particularly after short periods of reduced oral intake in the third trimester, and may present with very severe starvation ketoacidosis, prompting emergent delivery. We present a case of a woman with a background of depression and psychotic episodes. Olanzapine had been commenced after a psychotic episode at 20 weeks' gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus was diagnosed at 28 weeks, and she was then admitted at 31 weeks with severe euglycaemic ketoacidosis following a short period of vomiting. She underwent caesarean section when the metabolic disturbances did not resolve with medical treatment. We believe atypical antipsychotic therapy contributed to the profound insulin resistance seen here, and that obstetricians, physicians and psychiatrists must be aware of the risks conferred by these agents in pregnancy. PMID:27512491

  18. An 80-Year-Old Woman With Progressive Shortness of Breath and a Mediastinal Mass.

    PubMed

    Zider, Alexander; Kamangar, Nader

    2016-07-01

    An 80-year-old woman from Iran presented to our institution for evaluation of insidious onset of dyspnea and progressive hypoxemia. She had a history of hypertension, COPD attributed to secondhand smoke, and an unprovoked pulmonary embolus that was treated with lifelong anticoagulation. In addition, she had a history of latent TB status posttreatment with isoniazid 10 years prior. One year ago, home oxygen therapy was started at 4 L/min via nasal cannula, and because of her decline, her son had brought her to the United States 3 months earlier for medical help. After a contrast-enhanced thoracic CT scan followed by a nondiagnostic thoracentesis, another hospital informed her that she likely had inoperable lung cancer. She presented to our institution for a second opinion. PMID:27396796

  19. Under seize: neurocysticercosis in an immigrant woman and review of a growing neglected disease.

    PubMed

    Bock, Meredith; Garcia, Hector H; Chin-Hong, Peter; Baxi, Sanjiv M

    2015-01-01

    Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a significantly neglected tropical disease and, with increasing globalisation, a notable emerging infection in the developed world. We describe a case of ventricular NCC in a 22-year-old Mexican-American woman with a history of seizures, who presented with 2 weeks of headaches and intermittent fevers progressing to altered mental status and vomiting. Initial imaging revealed a cystic mass at the posteroinferior aspect of the third ventricle superior to the aqueduct of Sylvius, calcifications scattered throughout the parenchyma, and enlargement of the lateral and third ventricles. Initial laboratories were unrevealing and serum investigations for Taenia solium antibody were negative, but T. solium antibody was subsequently returned positive from cerebrospinal fluid. This case highlights important issues regarding the clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation and treatment of NCC relevant to providers not only in areas with endemic disease but, importantly, in locales with diverse immigrant populations. PMID:26682841

  20. Successful Pregnancy Following Assisted Reproduction in Woman With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Hypertension

    PubMed Central

    de Macedo, José Fernando; de Macedo, Gustavo Capinzaiki; Campos, Luciana Aparecida; Baltatu, Ovidiu Constantin

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have a poor prognosis of pregnancy, since it is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity, including spontaneous miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, fetal death and pre-term delivery. We report a case with successful pregnancy in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus and hypertension. A 39-year-old nulliparous woman presented with systemic lupus erythematosus with antinuclear and antiphospholipid antibodies, hypertension and recurrent pregnancy loss presented for assisted reproduction. The patient responded well to enoxaparin and prednisone during both assisted reproduction and prenatal treatment. This case report indicates that prescription of immunosuppressant and blood thinners can be safely recommended throughout the whole prenatal period in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Enoxaparin and prednisone may be prescribed concurrently during pregnancy. PMID:26376400

  1. Enterovirus causes rapidly progressive dementia in a 28-year-old immunosuppressed woman.

    PubMed

    Mantri, Sneha; Shah, Binit B

    2016-08-01

    Enterovirus in the nervous system can present with protean manifestations, including polio-like paralysis, movement disorders, and seizures. This is a report of a single case of a rapidly progressive dementing illness in a young woman with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Over the course of several months, she developed profound aphasia, apraxia, and cerebellar signs. She underwent brain biopsy which was suggestive of toxoplasmosis; despite an adequate course of treatment, she continued to decline and ultimately died. Autopsy and PCR testing revealed diffuse coxsackie B3 infiltration in the meninges and brain parenchyma. To our knowledge, this is the first description of enterovirus causing a dementing illness in a young immunosuppressed adult. We highlight the need for a broad differential diagnosis, especially for immunocompromised individuals, who may present in an atypical fashion. PMID:26727905

  2. Emergent Surgical Pulmonary Embolectomy in a Pregnant Woman: Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Saeed, Giovanni; Möller, Michael; Neuzner, Jörg; Gradaus, Rainer; Stein, Werner; Langebrake, Uwe; Dimpfl, Thomas; Matin, Meradjoddin; Peivandi, Ali

    2014-01-01

    Acute pulmonary embolism is a leading cause of death during pregnancy and delivery in the United States. We describe the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented in car-diogenic shock in week 38 of her first pregnancy. After the emergent cesarean delivery of a healthy male neonate, the mother underwent immediate surgical pulmonary embolec-tomy. We confirmed the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism intraoperatively by means of transesophageal echocardiography and removed large clots from the patient's pulmonary arteries. Mother and child were doing well, 27 months later. In addition to presenting our patient's case, we discuss the other relevant reports and the options for treating massive pulmonary embolism during pregnancy. PMID:24808782

  3. [Cervical cancer: integral care to the woman in health services].

    PubMed

    Soares, Marilu Correa; Mishima, Silvana Martins; da Silva, Renata Cunha; Ribeiro, Caroline Vargas; Meincke, Sonia Maria Könzgen; Corrêa, Ana Cândida Lopes

    2011-09-01

    This study aims to understand how the health services of the Brazilian Public Health System (BPHS) are organized to give an integral care to the woman with cervical cancer. This is a descriptive, qualitative research with 20 women. Semistructured interviews were coupled with participant observation in data collection. The thematic analysis revealed the theme: "The search for care: access to BPHS and use of health services in the search for integral care". In the use of health services, women have exposed their views on the received care, and on the potentialities and limits of integrality in this context. The conclusion is that the effectivation of health actions that aim at the integrality of care for women requires courage and the promotion of a dialogue between social actors as a way to build a health awareness that allows an ethical commitment pointing towards the necessary changes in care. PMID:22165396

  4. Iatrogenic intracranial placement of nasopharyngeal airway after trauma.

    PubMed

    Swanson, Kyle I; Nickele, Christopher M; Kuo, John S

    2016-08-01

    CT images of an 18-year-old woman who had sustained head trauma after a motor vehicle accident are presented demonstrating the iatrogenic intracranial placement of a nasopharyngeal airway. Treatment required a decompressive craniectomy, removal of the nasopharyngeal airway under direct vision, and duraplasty. The patient made a good neurological recovery, but did require ongoing medical treatment for diabetes insipidus. The case illustrates the importance of avoiding intranasal placement of any object in a patient with head trauma and suspected skull base fractures prior to diagnostic imaging. PMID:26760290

  5. Deep vein thrombosis and tuberculosis: a causative link?

    PubMed Central

    Kechaou, Ines; Cherif, Eya; Ben Hassine, Lamia; Khalfallah, Narjess

    2014-01-01

    Pulmonary tuberculosis is very devastating in developing countries and its thrombogenic potential is a disturbing new entity. We report an 18-year-old woman who presented with a first episode of deep vein thrombosis. Pulmonary, hepatic and splenic tuberculosis was diagnosed while looking for secondary causes. The patient was treated with rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol along with low-molecular-weight heparin and antivitamin K. Tuberculosis has several mechanisms that induce a hypercoagulable state and can lead to thromboembolic complications. PMID:24859543

  6. Enlightenment via simulation: "crone-ology's" first woman.

    PubMed

    Moran, Michael E

    2010-01-01

    A little known 18th century midwife, Angélique Marguerite Le Boursier (1715-1794) may well be the true founder of modern surgical simulation. This fiercely independent medical practitioner stood equally amongst the many enlightened minds of this period and fought with every modern method to reduce infant/maternal mortality during childbirth. Her original textbook Abrégé utilized some of the first color anatomical illustrations, her method of teaching complex birthing techniques to peasant woman throughout France, and most notably her birthing simulator complete with fluids (wet ware) were all available for close scrutiny. The color illustrations in Abrégé remain profoundly effective but the only existent models of her simulator are even more remarkable. Le Boursier du Coudray sought to bring education to the woman and physicians in villages and towns throughout France in response to the population crisis and the high birth morbidity and mortality. Her teaching methods affected untold thousands of medical practitioners, from midwives to surgeons. Voltaire wrote about her and she became an icon of progressive France, but remained ostracized by much of the conventional medical practitioners. She continued to train midwives for 23 years before retiring at the age of nearly 70. Madame du Coudray began to write, illustrate and simulate in the mid 18th century and obtained unprecedented success in bringing to the public the humane practices of modern childbirth with relevant understanding of anatomy and physiology. She is the matron not only of modern simulation methods in healthcare but was the epitome of professional healthcare commitment, educating approximately 10,000 students regardless of social status for free. PMID:19961335

  7. Unusual presentation of phaeochromocytoma.

    PubMed

    Hope, D C D; Palan, J M

    2016-01-01

    A 44-year-old woman, with a background of heart, lung and renal transplantation secondary to cystic fibrosis and type 1 diabetes, presented with tachycardia, hyperglycaemia, nausea and vomiting. She was initially managed for diabetic ketoacidosis with severe dehydration. However, persistent episodic hypertension and tachycardia led the investigating team to identify significantly raised urinary metanephrines and a left-sided adrenal mass; Iodine-123-meta-iodobenzylguanidine single photon emission computer tomography scan (MIBG SPECT/CT) showed avid uptake of tracer, confirming a left-sided phaeochromocytoma. She was started on medical management and is awaiting an elective laparoscopic procedure. This case describes the presentation of a unilateral phaeochromocytoma as ketoacidosis in a patient with type 1 diabetes with no other apparent precipitant. This highlights the metabolic counter-regulatory effect of excess catecholamines in addition to the inotropic/chronotropic effects that are associated with this adrenal tumour. Recognition of atypical signs and symptoms may point towards an atypical precipitant of diabetic ketoacidosis-a medical emergency presenting to front-line clinicians. PMID:27166010

  8. HDRK-Woman: whole-body voxel model based on high-resolution color slice images of Korean adult female cadaver

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yeom, Yeon Soo; Jeong, Jong Hwi; Kim, Chan Hyeong; Han, Min Cheol; Ham, Bo Kyoung; Cho, Kun Woo; Hwang, Sung Bae

    2014-07-01

    In a previous study, we constructed a male reference Korean phantom; HDRK-Man (High-Definition Reference Korean-Man), to represent Korean adult males for radiation protection purposes. In the present study, a female phantom; HDRK-Woman (High-Definition Reference Korean-Woman), was constructed to represent Korean adult females. High-resolution color photographic images obtained by serial sectioning of a 26 year-old Korean adult female cadaver were utilized. The body height and weight, the skeletal mass, and the dimensions of the individual organs and tissues were adjusted to the reference Korean data. The phantom was then compared with the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) female reference phantom in terms of calculated organ doses and organ-depth distributions. Additionally, the effective doses were calculated using both the HDRK-Man and HDRK-Woman phantoms, and the values were compared with those of the ICRP reference phantoms.

  9. Preliminary Findings of an Adapted Evidence-Based Woman-Focused HIV Intervention on Condom Use and Negotiation Among At-Risk Women in Pretoria, South Africa

    PubMed Central

    Wechsberg, Wendee M.; Luseno, Winnie K.; Kline, Tracy L.; Browne, Felicia A.; Zule, William A.

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of a randomized trial in South Africa of an adapted evidence-based Woman-Focused intervention on condom use with primary sex partners. The preliminary findings show that regardless of HIV status, condom negotiation was significantly associated with condom use at the 3- and 6-month follow-ups. By intervention group, significant intervention effects were found at 6-month follow-up for HIV-positive and HIV-unknown status women in the Woman-Focused intervention who were more likely than women in the Standard intervention to report condom use with a primary male partner. Among HIV-positive women, those in the Woman-Focused group and those with greater sexual control were more likely to report condom use at the 6-month follow-up. The findings indicate that gender-based interventions for women may result in increased condom negotiation skills. PMID:20391060

  10. Medical and Surgical Management of Postpartum Hemorrhage in a Woman with Factor XIII Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Srey, Krisna; Canales, Alexander; Kiffin, Chauniqua; Ashmawy, Yessin

    2016-01-01

    Factor XIII deficiency is a rare inherited coagulopathy. Factor XIII is the last clotting factor in the coagulation cascade to insure strength and stability to fibrin clots. Without this enzyme, the fibrous clot is unstable and nonresistant to fibrinolysis. Gravid women with this congenital disease are especially at risk for complications including miscarriages and hemorrhage without appropriate interventions. We present a case of a woman in her 20s with Factor XIII deficiency who was treated with cryoprecipitate and had a successful normal spontaneous vaginal delivery; subsequently, patient suffered from postpartum hemorrhage and consumptive coagulopathy due to consumption of Factor XIII, requiring emergency surgical intervention. Intraoperative management was challenged by an ethical dilemma involving the patient's religious beliefs about not receiving blood. This paper will discuss the mechanism of Factor XIII and the medical and surgical management involved with this patient.

  11. Rhesus Negative Woman Transfused With Rhesus Positive Blood: Subsequent Normal Pregnancy Without Anti D production.

    PubMed

    Maya, E T; Buntugu, K A; Pobee, F; Srofenyoh, E K

    2015-03-01

    Clinicians sometimes are confronted with the challenge of transfusing haemorrhaging Rhesus (Rh) D negative patients with Rh D positive blood to save their lives. There are concerns about alloimmunization and future haemolytic disease of the newborn in women of the reproductive age. Another fear is transfusion reaction if they receive another Rh D positive blood in future. We present a 32-year-old Rh D negative woman, who had postpartum haemorrhage in her first pregnancy and was transfused with Rh D positive blood because of unavailability of Rh D negative blood. She did not receive anti D immunoglobin but subsequently had a normal term pregnancy of an Rh positive fetus without any detectable anti D antibodies throughout the pregnancy. In life threatening situations from obstetric haemorrhage, transfusion of Rh D negative women with Rh D positive blood should be considered as the last resort. PMID:26339087

  12. Nasal Septal Angiofibroma in a Post-Menopausal Woman: A Rare Entity

    PubMed Central

    Dayana, Farah; Fadzilah, Fazalina Mohd; Gendeh, Balwant Singh

    2015-01-01

    Juvenile angiofibromas (JAs) are well-characterised in literature, arising typically in the posterolateral wall of the nasal cavity of young males. Numerous theories have been proposed to explain the occurrence of this unique and rare tumour. Angiofibromas originating in other sites within the head and neck have been described but this is exceedingly rare, constituting less than 2% of all diagnosed cases. Extranasopharyngeal angiofibroma is a rare lesion, and more importantly, controversial. It is not known whether it is actually a relative of the well-known JA that is seen exclusively in adolescent males. We present the case of a post-menopausal woman with unilateral nasal obstruction who was unexpectedly diagnosed as nasal septal angiofibroma. PMID:26816925

  13. Transient Ischemic Attack After Foam Sclerotherapy in a Woman With a Patent Foramen Ovale.

    PubMed

    Kim, Michael; Niroumandpour, Mehrdad; Poustinchian, Brian

    2016-05-01

    Sclerotherapy is an increasingly popular treatment modality for patients with chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins. Potential complications of foam sclerotherapy include cerebrovascular accidents and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). We report the case of a 55-year-old woman who had a TIA shortly after undergoing foam sclerotherapy. She had presented for treatment with no confirmed risk factors for microemboli formation or thrombus. After the procedure, however, she had transient visual loss, dysarthria, confusion, and frontal headache, which resolved within 30 minutes of onset. A subsequent diagnosis of a patent foramen ovale was thought to have put her at risk for TIA in the setting of foam sclerotherapy. Osteopathic physicians should be aware of the potential for neurologic sequelae after foam sclerotherapy and inform patients prior to consent. PMID:27111786

  14. [Digoxin-related leukocytoclastic vasculitis in a very elderly woman: A case report].

    PubMed

    Ludwig-Béal, S; Vernier, N; Popitean, L; Levêque, L; Combret, S; Manckoundia, P

    2016-05-01

    Even though digoxin causes many side effects, few cases of skin involvement are recorded in the French Pharmacovigilance Database. We report a case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LV) very probably due to digoxin. A 91-year-old woman, hospitalized following a fall, presented cardiac decompensation in a context of rapid atrial fibrillation requiring treatment with digoxin. Eight days later, a rash appeared on her back and trunk. It was neither itchy, nor painful and persisted despite local treatment. There were no other clinical anomalies. After a few days, the rash spread with appearance of bullous lesions, ulcerations and a necrosis on lymphedema of the two legs. Among the complementary examinations, skin biopsy revealed LV with necrosis and subepidermal detachment suggested toxic dermal necrolysis, while direct immunofluorescence was negative. The rash resolved progressively once the digoxin was stopped. The pharmacovigilance department recorded that digoxin was the probable cause. The evidence allowed us to conclude that digoxin was the cause. PMID:26970812

  15. A Woman with Rheumatoid Arthritis and a Bilateral Fracture of the Proximal Tibia

    PubMed Central

    Hooghof, J. Th. (Arjan); Mellema, Joris J.; Posthumus, Marcel D.; van Raaij, Jos J. A. M.

    2016-01-01

    A 52-year-old woman presented herself with pain on the medial sides of the proximal tibia after a minimal trauma. Conventional X-rays did not show any pathology. However, the MRI showed a bilateral fracture of the proximal tibia. Since the patient was treated with methotrexate due to rheumatoid arthritis, methotrexate osteopathy was considered. Long term treatment with low doses of methotrexate proved to inhibit osteoblast proliferation and may eventually lead to decreased bone formation and osteopenia. On the other hand, immobilization, joint deformities, and steroid treatment are associated with rheumatoid arthritis and are also known risk factors for fractures. The clinical relevance of methotrexate osteopathy still has to be established. However, if a patient treated with methotrexate localizes pain in the tibia, methotrexate osteopathy should be considered. Withdrawal of the drug may improve symptoms. PMID:26981298

  16. Enhancing the quality of survey data on woman abuse. Examples from a national Canadian study.

    PubMed

    Dekeseredy, W S

    1995-06-01

    This article discusses the attempts made by the author's to avoid or minimize the methodological shortcoming of previous North American surveys on woman abuse during this national Canadian survey. The author presents the four strategies used by the researchers and offers two suggestions for future survey work. First, the researchers used a broad definition of abuse that views any intentional physical, sexual, or psychological assault on a female dating partner. Second, multiple measures of abuse, such as the Conflict Tactic Scale (CTS), were used to minimize underreporting and enhance the reliability and validity of social variables. Third, the researchers included in the CTS the context, meaning and motive of dating violence in the postsecondary school courtship. Lastly, the survey tested the hypotheses derived from several theoretical perspectives. The author offers two suggestions that address the diversity of racial and ethnic participation and psychological abuse. PMID:12295409

  17. Actinomadura meyerae osteitis following wound contamination with hay in a woman in France: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Mycetoma is a chronic granulomatous infection caused by environmental fungi or bacteria. It affects dermal and subcutaneous tissues, with putative contiguous extension to muscles or bones. While common in tropical and subtropical areas, mycetoma is rare in Europe. Case presentation We describe a case of Actinomadura meyerae osteitis in a 49-year-old Caucasian woman who suffered a tibia open fracture contaminated with hay; to the best of our knowledge the first case of autochthonous A. meyerae infection reported in France. The bacterium was cultivated from a bone biopsy. Following surgical osteosynthesis and six months of treatment with cotrimoxazole, our patient made a full recovery. Conclusion Our case report suggests that A. meyerae is a potential agent of wound infection in farm workers in contact with hay. PMID:21269428

  18. Neurocysticercosis, Meningioma, and Silent Corticotroph Pituitary Adenoma in a 61-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Ramirez, Maria del Pilar; Restrepo, Juan E.; Syro, Luis V.; Rotondo, Fabio; Londoño, Francisco J.; Penagos, Luis C.; Uribe, Humberto; Horvath, Eva; Kovacs, Kalman

    2012-01-01

    We report here the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented with hydrocephalus and cystic and solid lesions in sella turcica, suprasellar areas, and third ventricle. After ventriculoperitoneal shunt she developed cognitive changes and the cystic lesions enlarged. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated multiple cysts and a solid lesion in the sella and around the anterior clinoid process. With diagnosis of neurocysticercosis she underwent craniotomy. Pathologic examination documented two different lesions: viable and dead cysticerci with inflaming infiltration and a left anterior clinoidal meningioma. At the second surgery, six weeks later via transnasal transsphenoidal approach a silent corticotroph pituitary adenoma was removed which was studied by histology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. To our knowledge, the occurrence of these three different lesions in the sellar area was not described before. PMID:23346440

  19. Adult-Onset Fatal Neurohepatopathy in a Woman Caused by MPV17 Mutation.

    PubMed

    Mendelsohn, Bryce A; Mehta, Neil; Hameed, Bilal; Pekmezci, Melike; Packman, Seymour; Ralph, Jeffrey

    2014-01-01

    Hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromes are classically considered diseases of early childhood, typically affecting the liver, peripheral, and central nervous systems with a rapidly progressive course. Evidence is emerging that initial symptom onset can extend into adulthood, though few such cases have been reported. We describe a 25-year-old woman who presented initially with secondary amenorrhea, followed by a megaloblastic anemia, lactic acidosis, leukoencephalopathy, progressive peripheral neuropathy, and liver cirrhosis. An apparently homozygous P98L mutation was identified in MPV17, a gene associated with a lethal infantile neurohepatopathy. Homozygosity for the same allele was recently reported in a man with a similar hepatic and neurologic phenotype. This is the first clinical report of an adult female with this disorder, and the first to describe amenorrhea and megaloblastic anemia as likely associated symptoms. PMID:24190800

  20. Severe rhinovirus pneumonia in a young woman taking performance-enhancing drugs.

    PubMed

    Mayer, Kristina Nadine; Wyder, Daniel; Spasic, Danijela; Herren, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    A 22-year-old woman presented to the emergency room of a local hospital with pleuritic chest pain. She regularly worked out and admitted to taking performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs). Clinical findings and further diagnostic work up revealed a diagnosis of perimyocarditis, and adequate therapy was initiated. During the course of the first day, the patient had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated. A diagnosis of bilateral pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) due to an infection by rhinovirus spp was made. A smoking habit, the intense physical training and the use of PED's may have exacerbated the course of the viral pneumonia. After 12 days the patient could be extubated. The length of stay in the intensive care unit was 16 days. After hospital discharge, the patient went to a pulmonary rehabilitation facility for 2 weeks. The outcome was favourable and the patient resumed her strength and endurance training. PMID:26740273

  1. [A 80-year-old woman with delirium after intertrochanteric fracture of femur].

    PubMed

    Piotrowicz, Karolina; Klich-Raczka, Alicja

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to present a case of delirium -the state occurring frequently in elderly patients. A 80-year-old woman was hospitalized in the department of internal diseases for internal medical examinations before scheduled operation of femoral osteosynthesis. In ward, she was given analgesic medicines from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), paracetamole and opioids influencing central nervous system. On the second day after modifying the painkilling treatment (single doses of paracetamole were increased and oral opioid medication was introduced) a quickly progressing (within a few hours) delirium was observed. Its occurrence was ascribed to the application of strong medicines influencing central nervous system. Treatment was modified then; the opioid medicine was replaced with NSAID, which had already been used before, applied intravenously. Subsidence of delirium clinical symptoms and cognitive functions' improvement was observed. PMID:21387774

  2. Pregnancy in a woman with proportionate (primordial) dwarfism: a case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Vance, C E; Desmond, M; Robinson, A; Johns, J; Zacharin, M; Savarirayan, R; König, K; Warrillow, S; Walker, S P

    2012-01-01

    Primordial dwarfism is a rare form of severe proportionate dwarfism which poses significant challenges in pregnancy. A 27-year-old with primordial dwarfism (height 97 cm, weight 22 kg) and coexisting morbidities of familial hypercholesterolaemia and hypertension presented to our unit. Early pregnancy was complicated by difficult blood pressure control, sinus tachycardia, biochemical hyperthyroidism and insulin-requiring gestational diabetes. Delivery was indicated at 24 weeks with uncontrollable hypertension, progressive renal impairment and intrauterine growth restriction. A caesarean section was performed under general anaesthesia, resulting in the delivery of a 486 g male infant. This case highlights the difficulties of managing pregnancy in a woman with primordial dwarfism. Her limited capacity to respond to the physiological demands of pregnancy created a life-threatening situation, culminating in profound preterm birth.

  3. Transient osteoporosis of the hip in a non-pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    Reddy, Kanakeya Bachha; Sareen, Atul; Kanojia, Rajesh Kumar; Prakash, Jatin

    2015-01-01

    Transient osteoporosis of the hip is a rare, self-limiting condition, occurring most commonly in middle-aged men, but also sometimes in women, usually in late pregnancy. It is characterised by gradual onset of hip pain aggravated by weight bearing without any associated history of trauma and systemic illness. It is usually of unknown aetiology, but pregnancy is a recognised risk factor for women. Other conditions that can mimic transient osteoporosis of the hip on MRI are osteonecrosis, osteomyelitis and neoplasms. We present a case of a 38-year-old non-pregnant woman with transient osteoporosis of the hip, managed conservatively, leading to a full recovery. Treatment is conservative, including protected weight bearing, physical therapy and non-steroidal analgesics. The patient was completely painless and symptom free at 2-year follow-up. PMID:26045516

  4. Virilizing ovarian stromal tumor in a young woman with Carney complex.

    PubMed

    Carney, J Aidan; Stratakis, Constantine A

    2011-10-01

    A woman with Carney complex presented at the age of 22 years with abdominal pain and hirsutism. As a baby, she had undergone excision of a right eyelid lesion, and at age 14 years she had undergone removal of a left lower eyelid nodule that subsequently recurred. Investigation revealed an elevated level of serum testosterone and a 2-cm left ovarian tumor. A left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed. Postoperatively, she experienced relief from abdominal pain, the serum level of testosterone normalized, and the hirsutism ameliorated. The tumor featured sheets of eosinophilic cells with lipochrome pigment, myeloid metaplasia, stromal metaplasia, and markedly abnormal blood vessels. Immunocytochemically, the tumor cells were positive for vimentin, synaptophysin, inhibin-A, and calrenin. Because of the clinical setting in which the neoplasm occurred, it is likely that is occurrence was related to Carney complex. PMID:21934476

  5. Four successful pregnancies in a woman after Fontan palliation: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction A Fontan operation is performed to provide palliation for patients with many forms of highly complex congenital heart disease that cannot support a biventricular circulation. Increasing numbers of women who have undergone these connections in childhood are now reaching their childbearing years, and some are becoming pregnant. The low flow and fixed cardiac output of a Fontan circulation poses several problems during pregnancy. Case presentation We report the case of four successful pregnancies in a 31-year-old Tunisian woman with congenital tricuspid atresia after Fontan operation. Her pregnancies resulted in delivery of four healthy neonates. Her clinical status remained unchanged. Conclusions This case suggests that patients after adequate Fontan palliation could complete pregnancy without long-term cardiac sequelae. Intensive care should be provided with specialists, including a neonatologist, anesthesiologist and cardiologist. PMID:25335555

  6. [Urgent cesarean section in a pregnant woman with carbon monoxide poisoning].

    PubMed

    Gara, Edit; Gesztes, Éva; Doroszlai, Richárd; Zacher, Gábor

    2014-06-01

    Recognition of carbon monoxide is difficult due to its plain physical-chemical properties. Carbon and gas operating heating systems may cause severe poisoning. Carbon-monoxide intoxication may generate severe hypoxic damage and it may cause death. The authors present the case of severe carbon monoxide poisoning affecting one young child and five adults, including a pregnant woman. Because the availability of hyperbaric oxygen therapy is limited in Hungary, urgent cesarean section was performed to avoid intrauterine hypoxic damage. The authors note that there are no standardized non-invasive methods for measuring fetal carbon-monoxide level and that the level of carbon monoxide accumulation is higher and the clearance is longer in the fetus than in the mother. The pathophysiology of carbon monoxide intoxication and therapeutic options in pregnancy are discussed. PMID:24860052

  7. Severe facial swelling in a pregnant woman after using hair dye

    PubMed Central

    van Genderen, Michel E; Carels, Ginette; Lonnee, Edward R; Dees, Adriaan

    2014-01-01

    A 33-year-old Caucasian pregnant woman (26 weeks’ gestation) presented to the emergency department. She had a 2-day history of severe itching of the scalp and steadily worsening swelling of the face over the previous 12 h, which had extended to the neck. She had no difficulty breathing. The itching and swelling had developed 3 days after she had used hair dye. The patient had no history of allergic responses to hair dye or black henna tattoos. A diagnosis of type IV delayed hypersensitivity reaction was made. Permanent hair dyes are the most frequently used professional hair dyes and are most commonly based on paraphenylenediamine (PPD) or related chemicals. PPD is known to be one of the most potent allergens which cause allergic contact dermatitis. After treatment with intravenous antihistamines and steroids, the facial swelling reduced and the patient had completely recovered by the following day. PMID:24686800

  8. A Case of Unexplained Cerebral Sinus Thrombosis in a 22-Year-Old Obese Caucasian Woman.

    PubMed

    Seheult, Jansen N; Chibisov, Irina

    2016-08-01

    Herein, we present the case of a 22-year old obese Caucasian woman female with no acquired thrombophilic risk factors who was diagnosed with extensive cerebral sinus thrombosis. A detailed thrombophilia workup demonstrated persistently elevated plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) activity levels, with an elevated PAI-1 antigen concentration and homozygosity for the PAI-1 4G allele (4G/4G genotype). The patient was treated with indefinite warfarin anticoagulation medication due to the unprovoked nature of her thrombotic event. Disturbances in the fibrinolytic system, in particular PAI-1, have been related to an increased risk of arterial and venous thrombosis. In this article, we discuss the pathophysiology of hypofibrinolysis associated with elevated PAI-1 levels and the PAI-1 4G/5G polymorphism. PMID:27287941

  9. Lesions Arising in a Tattoo of an Active Duty US Marine Corps Woman.

    PubMed

    Winn, Aubrey E; Rivard, Shayna C; Green, Brian

    2016-01-01

    Tattoos are ubiquitous in modern society; however, they do not come without risk of medical complications. When complications arise in the military community, a particularly thorough differential diagnosis should be considered based on the increased exposures service members have during deployment and throughout their military career. We present a case of a 38-year-old active duty US Marine Corps woman with worsening skin lesions arising within a tattoo 6 weeks after acquiring the tattoo on her right chest. Given environmental exposures from a recent deployment to the Middle East, a wide differential was considered. Ultimately, a skin biopsy revealed early hypertrophic scar formation responsive to therapy with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog® [ILK]). However, given the Marine had recently deployed and is part of the active duty population, consideration of alternative, albeit rare, etiologies was imperative. PMID:27450611

  10. A 75-year-old woman with acquired haemophilia disguised by warfarin treatment.

    PubMed

    Lawless, Sarah; Benson, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Acquired haemophilia is a rare coagulation disorder more commonly seen in elderly patients. Diagnosis and effective treatment can be delayed if patients are on warfarin treatment, as the bleeding symptoms may be erroneously attributed to this agent. We present a case report of a 75-year-old woman whose unexplained, severe and persistent bleeding was treated with surgical decompression and plasma transfusions, an appropriate management based on the assumption that warfarin was the cause of the bleeding. It was only when the patient's international normalised ratio returned to normal that a persistent abnormal activated partial thromboplastin time was noted. This delayed the correct diagnosis and treatment. Awareness of acquired haemophilia as a possible cause of sudden bleeding should be encouraged, and the wider dissemination of any relevant experience of similar cases would also be welcome. PMID:26443092

  11. A 45-Year-Old Woman With 3 Weeks of Cough and Night Sweats.

    PubMed

    Kyaw, Than Htaik; Sullivan, Lacey; Klingsberg, Ross C

    2016-03-01

    A 45-year-old woman who received a renal transplant 7 years prior presented with a 3-week history of low-grade fever, night sweats, and a dry cough with scant sputum production. Additionally, she reported generalized weakness and increased fatigability. She denied hemoptysis or weight loss, and there had been no change in medication or foreign travel. She had no history of latent tuberculosis or sick contacts. She had recently relocated to Baton Rouge, Louisiana. She was sexually active with her boyfriend who worked as a prison guard. She also reported that she was briefly incarcerated 7 years ago shortly after her renal transplantation. Her immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate, and prednisone. PMID:26965979

  12. Pseudomonas aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum in a woman with recurrent Graves' disease.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Cheng-Yao; Zhang, Guo-Xue; Yu, Zuo-Zhong; Li, Zhao-Jun; Fan, Yi-Ming

    2014-04-01

    A 35-year-old woman with postoperative recurrent Graves' disease presented with a 5-day history of a red swelling on the right cheek associated with 4 days of remittent hyperpyrexia. Investigations revealed fever, a gangrenous ulcer on the right cheek, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and thyroid gland enlargement. Her white blood cell count, immunoglobulins, and lymphocyte subsets were unremarkable. Thyroid function tests showed low thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine, and elevated radioactive iodine uptake. Repeated pus cultures grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but blood cultures were negative. An ill-demarcated erythematous plaque occurred on the right leg on hospital day 3. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics with topical gentamicin, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor, and radioiodine therapy with anti-thyroid drugs. The ulcer healed leaving a depressed scar at 35 days after discharge. This patient may represent the first case of P. aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum and cellulitis in postoperative recurrent Graves' disease. PMID:24560831

  13. [Occult stromal tumour of the small intestine: a cause of chronic intestinal blood loss in a 70 year-old woman].

    PubMed

    Pentimone, F; Gerini, A; Moncini, C; Di Stefano, S; Pagni, V; Pastine, F; Del Corso, L

    1999-03-01

    The case of a 70 year-old woman with a chronic gastrointestinal blood loss due to a stromal tumor located in the middle third of the small intestine is reported. The peculiarities of the case are the characteristic immunohistochemistry of the neoplasm and, particularly, the mimetic clinical presentation, a kind of ''phantom tumor'' confirmed only with celiotomy and surgical excision. PMID:16498316

  14. Presentation Timer

    2010-06-23

    Abstract Conferences and Meetings feature many presentations on a tight schedule. The Session Timer system provides an electronic display for showing the remaining time in a presentation. It provides continuous feedback so the speaker can judge the pace throughout a presentation. The timer automates the job so the session chairman does not have to awkwardly interrupt the speaker.

  15. What's a woman doing in a place like this?

    PubMed

    Miller, C A

    1994-08-01

    Medicine is not a science. It is an art that uses science to explore what William Harvey called "nature's closest secrets," that we may better minister to her children. We still need to remove some crackpot theories that have crept in, such as "holism." Even neurosurgery has a few. But we are beginning to humanize the traditional detached indifference and become the doctors we were meant to be. Our patients will be better for it. Society will be better for it. We will be better for it [1320]. In discussing the women's liberation movement in America, Reverend William Sloan Coffin once stated, "The woman who most needs liberating is the woman who lives inside of each man." This, I think, is the great awakening that the increasing influence of female physicians has brought about. Early twentieth century physicians, armed with a new science, became efficient fighters of disease. Disease was the enemy, the cure was the victory, and the patient was too often merely the environment in which the encounter was fought. This is what was taught in medical school and residency. It was necessary to learn the lesson well in order to be protected against the pain of others and to abort any insidious tendency to identify with their misery. Many teachers believed in preventing the enervating perils of "emotional involvement." This is not to say that physicians were unkind to their patients, merely that they kept their distance. Patients were treated with respect and even with a kind of formalized dignity. Physicians were as gentle as they knew how to be. But they were men apart. They towered over the sick as an adult towers over a child. Today something within men is being liberated. To a great extent, I believe that women physicians have been essential in bringing this change to medicine. We now know that physicians are not compromised by allowing themselves to feel some of what their patients feel. They are strengthened by it. A patient's life, the setting of his illness, the

  16. The Role of Hostile and Benevolent Sexism in Women's and Men's Perceptions of the Menstruating Woman

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forbes, Gordon B.; Adams-Curtis, Leah E.; White, Kay B.; Holmgren, Katie M.

    2003-01-01

    Perceptions of menstruating women were studied in a sample of 244, predominantly European American, college freshmen. Both women and men rated the menstruating woman, as compared with the average woman, as higher on the Neuroticism factor from Lippa's (1991) measure of the Big Five personality factors. Men also rated her as lower on the Openness,…

  17. Myra Beltran and the Aesthetics of an Independent Filipina Woman Dancing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corpus, Rina Angela P.

    2008-01-01

    This essay narrates the biography and dance aesthetics of Myra Beltran, a pioneering, independent and contemporary woman dance artist in the Philippines. Featured here are the history, alternative aesthetics, philosophy, and influences of Myra Beltran's works. It comes from the point of view of an author who is also a woman, dancer, and writer…

  18. Stress and Coping in Higher Education: A Case Study of a Haitian American Woman Administrator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfgang, Jeff Drayton; West-Olatunji, Cirecie A.; Overton, Jeanine; Shah, Bindi; Coral, Cristina

    2015-01-01

    The authors applied Relational-Cultural Theory (RCT) to conduct a case study of an Afro-Caribbean woman administrator to explore her perceptions of stress and coping in higher education. While much has been written about the challenges facing Black faculty and students, this study focused on the experiences of a Black woman administrator in a…

  19. Women in Literacy Speak. The Power of Woman-Positive Literacy Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Betty-Ann, Ed.; And Others

    This book contains 15 chapters that were written by women from 12 Canadian adult literacy and basic education programs who participated in an exploratory research project designed to document the process and results of woman-positive literacy work. The following sections are included: "Exploring the Concept of Woman-Positive within…

  20. Adversaries and Allies: Rival National Suffrage Groups and the 1882 Nebraska Woman Suffrage Campaign

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heider, Carmen

    2005-01-01

    In September 1882, Nebraska was the setting for a significant moment in the history of the United States women's rights movement: the two rival suffrage organizations, the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA) and the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), both held their annual conventions in Omaha. The alliance of the AWSA and the NWSA…

  1. 76 FR 78569 - Medical Benefits for Newborn Children of Certain Woman Veterans

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 17 RIN 2900-AO05 Medical Benefits for Newborn Children of Certain Woman Veterans... to provide certain health care services to a newborn child of a woman veteran who is receiving... days after the birth of the child if the veteran delivered the child in a VA facility or in...

  2. Complex Personhood as the Context for Intimate Partner Victimization: One American Indian Woman's Story

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Sharon; Lemire, Lynne; Wisman, Mindi

    2009-01-01

    This qualitative case study explores one American Indian (AI) woman's experience of intimate partner violence and the subsequent murder of her abusive partner. The lens of complex personhood (Gordon, 1997) has been applied as a method for understanding "Annie's" multiple identities of AI woman, victim of intimate partner violence, mother, and…

  3. 76 FR 81004 - Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Woman in Blue, Against...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF STATE Culturally Significant Objects Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water..., 2003), I hereby determine that the object ``Woman in Blue, Against Blue Water'' by Edvard...

  4. Doubt, Struggle and Growth: A Profile of the Mature Woman in the Student Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Carey D.; Blank, Thomas O.

    This study was conducted to develop a profile of the mature woman who seeks a postsecondary education, to ascertain the personal and social reasons that influence an adult woman to return to school, and to describe the interpersonal adjustments that accompany this change in life-style. Data were collected via a 50-item fixed-response questionnaire…

  5. Cosmetic clitoridectomy in a 33-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Veale, David; Daniels, Joe

    2012-06-01

    The Female Genital Mutilation Act (2003) in England allows for mental health exceptions for cosmetic surgery resulting from perceived abnormality. Similar legislation exists in other countries. There are no reported cases of clitoridectomy for cosmetic reasons or any discussion in the literature of mental health exceptions to the Act. This is a single case report on a 33-year-old married, heterosexual woman who had already had a cosmetic labiaplasty and was seeking a clitoridectomy for aesthetic reasons. At assessment, there were no psychiatric contra-indications or unrealistic expectations and the patient proceeded with a clitoridectomy. At 9 and 22 months follow-up, she was reassessed and was very pleased with the outcome. There were improvements in the satisfaction with her genital appearance, sexual satisfaction, and quality of life related to body image. Assessments for cosmetic clitoridectomy will continue to be rare, but this case may provide some guidance for practitioners who are confronted with such requests for body modification. However there remains only limited understanding of the motivation for such a request. PMID:21837517

  6. Oligohydramnios in a pregnant Pakistani woman with Plasmodium vivax malaria

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    In the Western world, the diagnosis and management of Plasmodium vivax malaria in pregnant women can be challenging, and the pathogenesis of adverse outcomes for both the mother and the foetus is still poorly known. The authors describe the case of a 29-year-old Pakistani woman at the 29th week of her second pregnancy, who was admitted to the Hospital following the abrupt onset of fever. At the time of admission, she had been living in Italy without travelling to any malaria-endemic areas for eight months. She was diagnosed with vivax malaria after a thin blood smear revealed the presence of plasmodial trophozoites and gametocytes and treated accordingly. Due to the onset of oligohydramnios, she underwent caesarian section at the 31st week of pregnancy with no further complications. Histological examination of the placenta showed no evidence of plasmodial infection, but was inconclusive. It is unclear whether oligohydramnios is a complication of pregnancy-related Plasmodium vivax malaria. Given the long latency of hypnozoites, every febrile pregnant patient with a previous stay in an endemic area should be screened for malaria with a thick and a thin blood smear. PMID:24758193

  7. Assisted reproductive technologies: medical safety issues in the older woman.

    PubMed

    Segev, Yakir; Riskin-Mashiah, Shlomit; Lavie, Ofer; Auslender, Ron

    2011-06-01

    Abstract Previous study has shown that in the United States, most maternal deaths and severe obstetric complications due to chronic disease are potentially preventable through improved medical care before conception. Many women who need assisted reproductive technology (ART) because of infertility are older than the average pregnant woman. Risks for such chronic diseases as obesity, diabetes mellitus, chronic hypertension, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and malignancy greatly increase with maternal age. Chronic illness increases the risk of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure and is also associated with increased obstetric risk and even death. The objective of this review is to outline the potential risks for older women who undergo ART procedures and pregnancy and to characterize guidelines for evaluation before enrollment in ART programs. A PubMed search revealed that very few studies have related to pre-ART medical evaluation. Therefore, we suggest a pre-ART medical assessment, comparable to the recommendations of the American Heart Association before noncompetitive physical activity and the American Society of Anesthesiologists before elective surgery. This assessment should include a thorough medical questionnaire and medical examination. Further evaluation and treatment should follow to ensure the safety of ART procedures and of ensuing pregnancies. PMID:21510806

  8. Severe and refractory hypertension in a young woman.

    PubMed

    Cuadra, René H; White, William B

    2016-06-01

    Refractory hypertension in a young person is an uncommon clinical problem, but one that may be referred to hypertension specialists. Factitious hypertension is fortunately quite rare but should be considered when evaluating patients who are refractory to numerous classes of antihypertensive therapies and have failed to achieve control despite input from multiple providers. A 19-year-old woman was referred to us after failing to achieve blood pressure control by a primary physician and two subspecialists in nephrology and hypertension; she also had numerous emergency department visits for symptomatic and severe hypertension. Exhaustive diagnostic testing for secondary causes and witnessed medication dosing in an outpatient setting was unrevealing. Subsequent inpatient admission demonstrated normalization of BPs with small doses of intravenous antihypertensive agents. During the hospitalization, she was observed "pocketing" her oral medications in the buccal folds and then discarding them in a trash container. Confrontation by psychiatrists and the hypertension specialists led to the admission that she had learned to start and stop beta-blockers and clonidine to induce severe, rebound hypertension. Factitious and induced hypertension is a rare cause of resistant or refractory hypertension. Nevertheless, hypertension specialists should suspect the diagnosis when there is a history of visits to multiple institutions and physicians, negative secondary workup, absence of overt target organ damage, history of psychiatric illness, and employment in the medical field. PMID:27160032

  9. Fulminant ulcerative colitis in a healthy pregnant woman

    PubMed Central

    Orabona, Rossana; Valcamonico, Adriana; Salemme, Marianna; Manenti, Stefania; Tiberio, Guido AM; Frusca, Tiziana

    2015-01-01

    This case report concerns a 25-year-old patient with 6-7 bloody stools/d, abdominal pain, tachycardia, and weight loss occurring during the third trimester of pregnancy. Severe ulcerative colitis complicated by toxic megacolon and gravidic sepsis was diagnosed by clinical evaluation, colonoscopy, and rectal biopsy that were performed safely without risk for the mother or baby. The patient underwent a cesarean section at 28+6 wk gestation. The baby was transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital and survived without complications. Fulminant colitis was managed conservatively by combined colonoscopic decompression and medical treatment. Although current European guidelines describe toxic megacolon as an indication for emergency surgery for both pregnant and non-pregnant women, thanks to careful monitoring, endoscopic decompression, and intensive medical therapy with nutritional support, we prevented the woman from having to undergo emergency pancolectomy. Our report seems to suggest that conservative management may be a helpful tool in preventing pancolectomy if the patient’s condition improves quickly. Otherwise, surgery is mandatory. PMID:26019473

  10. Blood Pressure Mobile Monitoring for Pregnant Woman Based Android System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Supriyanti, Retno; Erfayanto, Uji; Ramadani, Yogi; Murdyantoro, Eko; Widodo, Haris B.

    2016-01-01

    Currently, at least 18,000 women die every year in Indonesia due to pregnancy or childbirth. It means that every half hour a woman dies due to pregnancy or childbirth. As a result, every year 36,000 children became orphans. The high maternal mortality rate was put Indonesia on top in ASEAN. The main causes of maternal mortality are high-risk pregnancy. Mothers who have diseases like high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and already over 40 years old and infectious diseases such as rubella, hepatitis and HIV can be factors that lead to high-risk pregnancy. This paper will discuss the development of a blood pressure monitoring device that is suitable for pregnant women. It is based on convenience for pregnant women to get the equipment that is flexible with her presence. Results indicate that the equipment is in use daily support for pregnant women therefore, one of the causes of maternal mortality can be detected earlier.

  11. Evaluation and Management of the Premenopausal Woman with Low BMD

    PubMed Central

    Cohen, Adi; Shane, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    Interpretation of bone mineral density (BMD) results in premenopausal women is particularly challenging, since the relationship between BMD and fracture risk is not the same as for postmenopausal women. In most cases, Z scores rather than T scores should be used to define “low BMD” in premenopausal women. The finding of low BMD in a premenopausal woman should prompt thorough evaluation for secondary causes of bone loss. If a secondary cause is found, management should focus on treatment of this condition. In a few cases where the secondary cause cannot be eliminated, treatment with a bone active agent to prevent bone loss should be considered. In women with no fractures and no known secondary cause, low BMD is associated with microarchitectural defects similar to young women with fractures; however, no longitudinal data are available to allow use of BMD to predict fracture risk. BMD is likely to be stable in these women with isolated low BMD, and pharmacologic therapy is rarely necessary. Assessment of markers of bone turnover and follow-up bone density measurements can help to identify those with an ongoing process of bone loss that may indicate a higher risk for fracture, and possible need for pharmacologic intervention. PMID:24091896

  12. Court holds woman responsible for her own infection.

    PubMed

    1998-03-20

    A Washington State appeals court upheld a jury decision not to award damages to a woman who sued the Washington Department of Corrections and her boyfriend's probation officer for failing to warn her of her boyfriend's HIV-positive status. [Name removed], a hospital worker, engaged in repeated unsafe sex with [name removed], never asking him about his HIV status. Even after learning that he was a felon, [name removed] continued having unprotected sex with [name removed]. [Name removed]'s parole officer, urged [name removed] on separate occasions to inform [name removed] of his HIV status. [Name removed] felt he was prevented from directly telling [name removed] because of department policies involving confidentiality. The jury found that although [name removed] should have been told about [name removed]'s infection, she was responsible for contracting the infection through her own behavior. [Name removed] was charged with attempted first-degree murder and assault in transmitting the infection to [name removed]; however, [name removed] is incompetent to stand trial due to AIDS-related dementia. PMID:11365193

  13. Fulminant ulcerative colitis in a healthy pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    Orabona, Rossana; Valcamonico, Adriana; Salemme, Marianna; Manenti, Stefania; Tiberio, Guido A M; Frusca, Tiziana

    2015-05-21

    This case report concerns a 25-year-old patient with 6-7 bloody stools/d, abdominal pain, tachycardia, and weight loss occurring during the third trimester of pregnancy. Severe ulcerative colitis complicated by toxic megacolon and gravidic sepsis was diagnosed by clinical evaluation, colonoscopy, and rectal biopsy that were performed safely without risk for the mother or baby. The patient underwent a cesarean section at 28+6 wk gestation. The baby was transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital and survived without complications. Fulminant colitis was managed conservatively by combined colonoscopic decompression and medical treatment. Although current European guidelines describe toxic megacolon as an indication for emergency surgery for both pregnant and non-pregnant women, thanks to careful monitoring, endoscopic decompression, and intensive medical therapy with nutritional support, we prevented the woman from having to undergo emergency pancolectomy. Our report seems to suggest that conservative management may be a helpful tool in preventing pancolectomy if the patient's condition improves quickly. Otherwise, surgery is mandatory. PMID:26019473

  14. Diffuse rash and cough in elderly woman with a UTI.

    PubMed

    Baird, Drew; Bush, Robert Joel; Seehusen, Dean

    2010-05-01

    A 66-year-old woman came into the emergency department with a diffuse rash and a cough. She had a rash on the palms of her hands, which had developed the day before, but had improved a bit. She also had a rash on her feet, legs, and lower abdomen, which had developed that morning. She said that over the previous 2 days she had had a fever, dry cough, and some difficulty breathing. Her past medical history was significant for asthma, diabetes, hypertension, and osteoarthritis. Her medications included atenolol, celecoxib, metformin, pioglitazone, and an albuterol inhaler, as needed. In addition, she was on the ninth day of a 10-day course of nitrofurantoin for acute cystitis. She was allergic to ampicillin and erythromycin. On physical exam, she had a fever of 101.5 degrees Fahrenheit. On lung examination, she had diffuse wheezes and mild bibasilar crackles. Examination of her skin revealed a nonpainful, nonpruritic, erythematous, maculopapular rash located on the palms and legs, as well as on her lower abdomen. Chest radiograph showed mild opacification in the bases of the lungs. What is your diagnosis? PMID:20544049

  15. Triple X Egyptian woman and a Down's syndrome offspring.

    PubMed

    El-Dahtory, Faeza Abdel Mogib

    2013-01-01

    The 47, XXX karyotype (triple X) has a frequency of 1 in 1000 female newborns. However, this karyotype is not usually suspected at birth or childhood. Female patients with a sex chromosome abnormality may be fertile. In patients with a 47, XXX cell line there appears to be an increased risk of a cytogenetically abnormal child but the extent of this risk cannot yet be determined; it is probably lower in the non-mosaic 47, XXX patient than the mosaic 46, XX/47, XXX one. We describe a new rare case of triple X woman and a Down's syndrome offspring. The patient is 26 years of age. She is a housewife, her height is 160 cm and weight is 68 kg and her physical features and mentality are normal. She has had one pregnancy at the age of 25 years resulted in a girl with Down's syndrome. The child had 47 chromosomes with trisomy 21 (47, XX, +21) Figure 1. The patient also has 47 chromosomes with a triple X karyotype (47, XX, +X) Figure 2. The patient's husband (27 years old) is physically and mentally normal. He has 46 chromosomes with a normal XY karyotype (46, XY). There are neither Consanguinity between her parent's nor she and her husband. PMID:23901206

  16. Respiratory Arrest in an Obese Pregnant Woman with Hyperemesis Gravidarum

    PubMed Central

    Iwashita, Ayumi; Baba, Yosuke; Usui, Rie; Ohkuchi, Akihide; Muto, Shigeaki; Matsubara, Shigeki

    2015-01-01

    A pregnant, non-Japanese-speaking Peruvian, and, thus, with communication difficulty, suffered hyperemesis gravidarum and had respiratory arrest, requiring cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The obese pregnant woman (prepregnancy weight: 107 kg) had vomited and lost 15 kg in bodyweight over appropriately 2 weeks prior to the arrest but had not complained due to communication difficulty, which, together with her obesity, prevented a Japanese obstetrician from noticing her severe condition. 1,000 mL of low potassium fluid plus thiamine was administered. She became unable to stand, suggesting lower-extremity-proximal-muscle weakness, and then respiratory arrest occurred. Hypopotassemia (2.3 mEq/L), pulseless electrical activity, and muscle weakness suggested the presence of severe potassium deficiency, which may have caused respiratory muscle paralysis, leading to the respiratory arrest. Hypercapnea was severer than expected for compensatory hypoventilation, indicating the presence of concomitant severe hypoventilation, which may also have contributed to respiratory arrest. She recovered with electrolyte and volume replacement. Respiratory arrest can occur with hyperemesis gravidarum, and obesity and communication difficulties can prevent the early detection of severe conditions. PMID:26693367

  17. A Rare Cause of Death in a Woman: Iatrogenic Bladder Rupture in a Patient With an Indwelling Foley Catheter

    PubMed Central

    Paul, Anthea B. Mahesan; Simms, Lary; Paul, Abraham E.; Mahesan, Andrew A.; Ramzanali, Ammani

    2016-01-01

    The CDC estimates that 12–25% of all hospitalized patients receive a urinary catheter during their hospital stay. Foley catheter failure is uncommon and Foley catheter failure associated with iatrogenic urinary bladder rupture (IUBR) is extremely rare. Symptoms are often nonspecific and thus misdiagnosis and delayed treatment is common. In this case report, we present a case of IUBR in a woman from Foley catheter failure, which ultimately led to her demise. This case adds to the literature the importance of suspicion for IUBR in patients with indwelling Foley catheters presenting with lower abdominal pain, hematuria, and decreased urine output. PMID:27175339

  18. Information Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holden, Kritina; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S. G.; McCann, R. S.; Kaiser, M. K.; Begault, D. R.; Adelstein, B. D.; Beutter, B. R.; Stone, L. S.

    2008-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew on flight vehicles, surface landers and habitats, and during extra-vehicular activities (EVA). Designers of displays and controls for exploration missions must be prepared to select the text formats, label styles, alarms, electronic procedure designs, and cursor control devices that provide for optimal crew performance on exploration tasks. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within the Information Presentation DRP are: 1) Controls, 2) Displays, 3) Procedures, and 4) EVA Operations.

  19. Presentations to the Emergency Department Following Cannabis use--a Multi-Centre Case Series from Ten European Countries.

    PubMed

    Dines, Alison M; Wood, David M; Galicia, Miguel; Yates, Christopher M; Heyerdahl, Fridtjof; Hovda, Knut Erik; Giraudon, Isabelle; Sedefov, Roumen; Dargan, Paul I

    2015-12-01

    Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in Europe, and is generally regarded as having low acute toxicity. We present the findings of the first 6 months of data collection from the Euro-DEN project on presentations related to cannabis use to further understand the acute toxicity related to the use of cannabis. Data was extracted on clinical features, treatment and outcome from the Euro-DEN minimum dataset for all cases of acute recreational drug toxicity reported 1st October 2013 to 31st March 2014 for all cannabis-related presentations. Of 2198 presentations reported by 14 of the 16 Euro-DEN centres, 356 (16.2 %) involved cannabis either alone or together with other drugs/alcohol. There were 36 that involved lone use of cannabis (1.6 % of all presentations). Of the 35 non-fatal lone cannabis presentations, the most commonly reported features were neuro-behavioural (agitation/aggression 8 (22.9 %), psychosis 7 (20.0 %), anxiety 7 (20.0 %)) and vomiting 6 (17.1 %). Most patients (25, 71.4 %) received no treatment and 30 (85.7 %) were discharged/self-discharged from the ED. There was one fatality amongst these lone-cannabis cases: an 18-year-old male collapsed with an asystolic cardiac arrest whilst smoking cannabis and suffered hypoxic brain injury related to prolonged cardiac arrest. THC was detected in a urine sample taken at ED arrival; no other drugs were detected. Lone acute cannabis toxicity was typically associated with neuro-behavioural symptoms and vomiting. Although uncommon, severe toxicity including cardiovascular toxicity and death may be under-recognised, and it is important that Emergency Physicians are aware of this. PMID:25652342

  20. Conservation Presentation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friday, Gerald

    2001-01-01

    Introduces a project in which students teach about the importance of recycling and conservation by presenting demonstrations. Includes demonstrations on water, plastic, and other recycling products such as steel. (YDS)

  1. Delivery presentations

    MedlinePlus

    ... brow first position. Most of the time, the force of contractions causes the baby to be in face-first position. It is also detected when labor does not progress. In some of these presentations, ...

  2. Information Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

  3. [A woman with a chronic cough and dyspnoea].

    PubMed

    Kamal, Ziaullah; Andersen, Geir Øystein; Smith, Gunnar; Stornes, Frøydis; Stensæth, Knut Haakon; Eritsland, Jan

    2012-06-26

    A previously healthy woman in her forties with a six-month history of persistent coughing, breathlessness and fatigue was referred to our hospital for further evaluation. She was initially treated with antibiotics for a possible respiratory tract infection but with only minor effect. A chest x-ray and computer tomography (CT) of the thorax demonstrated a solid tumour in the right lung hilus. Bronchoscopy revealed slight oedema of the bronchial mucous membrane in the area in question. Cytological examination of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) showed normal respiratory epithelial cells. Histological examination of a needle biopsy from the tumour showed lymphoproliferative changes of uncertain cause. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thorax provided no further information. An electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed signs of left ventricular hypertrophy and sinus bradycardia. Her complaints were palpitations, mild exertional dyspnoea and attenuated heart rate response to exercise. Echocardiography showed increased wall thickness with heterogeneous echogenicity in both ventricles, a slightly enlarged left atrium and mild mitral regurgitation. Tissue Doppler measurements showed impaired relaxation. These findings were suggestive of restrictive cardiomyopathy with diastolic dysfunction. Cardiac MRI confirmed the echocardiographic findings. The tumour was removed by thoracotomy and was shown to be made up of lymphatic tissue with granulomas, consistent with sarcoidosis. The restrictive cardiomyopathy was regarded as a cardiac manifestation of sarcoidosis. The patient was treated with corticosteroids. Clinical follow up with cardiac MRI and echocardiography did not reveal any progression of the cardiac involvement. Cardiac sarcoidosis must be considered in all sarcoid patients because of its significance for prognosis and treatment. PMID:22766821

  4. Asymptomatic diffuse "encephalitic" cerebral toxoplasmosis in a woman with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Murro, Diana; Novo, Jorge; Arvanitis, Leonidas

    2016-07-01

    Classic cerebral toxoplasmosis typically presents with neurologic symptoms such as seizures and mental status changes and histological examination shows focal lesions with necrosis. However, in the diffuse "encephalitic" form, patients are asymptomatic with diffuse, inflammatory, non-necrotic lesions. Asymptomatic diffuse "encephalitic" toxoplasmosis has been reported only in four acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients and one human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) negative patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. We present a 36-year-old HIV-negative woman with systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis who was on immunosuppression for 9years after cadaveric renal transplant and died from pulmonary hemorrhage and cytomegalovirus pneumonia. Brain autopsy findings revealed multifocal microglial nodules containing Toxoplasma bradyzoites and associated astrogliosis. These nodules were prominent in the cerebellum, midbrain and medulla and also present in the cortex and thalamus. No coagulative necrosis, necrotizing abscesses, or other opportunistic infections were present. The patient had previously exhibited no neurologic symptoms and there was no clinical suspicion for toxoplasmosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of diffuse, non-necrotizing, "encephalitic" cerebral toxoplasmosis reported in a lupus patient and also the first reported female case. PMID:26896909

  5. [Scientific presentation].

    PubMed

    Kraft, Giuliano

    2002-01-01

    To give a correct and effective scientific presentation, is an arduous task that asks for close examination of basic techniques of communication. This article proposes indications and suggestions to help public speakers to be communicators, to use visual aids and it explains how to capture the audience attention. PMID:12599721

  6. Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: case presentation.

    PubMed

    Costa, J

    1977-07-01

    The different aspects of the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome are discussed following a case presentation of a 36-year-old woman with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, sex cord tumor with annular tubules of Scully, mucinous metaplasia of tubal epithelium, and adenocarcinoma of the endocervix. The latter two findings have not been described with the syndrome and an attempt is made to correlate them with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. PMID:876533

  7. Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma presenting as acute stroke

    PubMed Central

    Abbasi, Atif Saleem; Da Costa, Mark; Hennessy, Terry; Kiernan, Thomas John

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of a young woman who was initially diagnosed with acute stroke with no obvious risk factors. Preliminary investigation with transthoracic echocardiography and subsequent advanced imaging with transoesophageal echocardiography suggested the diagnosis of a benign cardiac tumour on the anterior leaflet of mitral valve. The patient underwent urgent surgical resection. Histology confirmed the diagnosis of cardiac papillary fibroelastoma. She made complete clinical recovery with no recurrence of symptoms. PMID:23761612

  8. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  9. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  10. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  11. The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Argument, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palczewski, Catherine H.

    2005-01-01

    In 1909, at the height of the woman suffrage controversy and during the golden age of postcards, the Dunston-Weiler Lithograph Company of New York produced a twelve-card set of full-color lithographic cartoon postcards opposing woman suffrage. The postcard images reflect, and depart from, verbal arguments concerning woman suffrage prevalent during…

  12. 41 CFR 102-74.426 - May a woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May a woman breastfeed... woman breastfeed her child in a Federal building or on Federal property? Yes. Public Law 108-199, Section 629, Division F, Title VI (January 23, 2004), provides that a woman may breastfeed her child...

  13. Against the Odds: The Impact of Woman Abuse on Maternal Response to Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaggia, Ramona; Turton, Jennifer V.

    2005-01-01

    Although the co-occurrence of woman abuse and child sexual abuse is high little research exists exploring the impact of woman abuse on maternal response to child sexual abuse (CSA). Findings from two qualitative studies indicate the form of woman abuse to have differential impact on maternal response. Mothers who were abused in non-physical ways,…

  14. MTHFR C677T and prothrombin G20210A mutations in a woman from Dalmatia with silent brain infarction. .

    PubMed

    Ivica, Nikolina; Pintarić, Irena; Titlić, Marina

    2014-09-01

    A 55-year-old, previously healthy woman, presented with frequent headaches. She had no neurological disturbances, but had a positive family history; her father died from stroke. Magnetic resonance imaging showed brain infarction; therefore detailed diagnostic evaluation of thrombophilia markers and genetic testing were performed. The patient was found to be homozy- gous for the C677T mutation of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene and heterozygous for the mutation of the prothrombin G20210A gene. No other cause of cerebral infarction was found in the patient. PMID:25509247

  15. Necrotizing fasciitis of the breast in a pregnant woman successfully treated using negative-pressure wound therapy

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Jina; Lee, Kwan Ju

    2015-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare and rapidly progressive disease involving the skin, subcutaneous tissue, and deep soft tissue. Although NF can occur any part of the body, the breast is an uncommon primary site for NF, and its occurrence in the breast during pregnancy has never previously been reported. Here, we report the case of a healthy 31-year-old pregnant woman who presented with NF of the left breast that was successfully treated with breast-conserving debridement and secondary wound closure using negative-pressure wound therapy. PMID:26236701

  16. A 34-Year-Old Pregnant Woman With Cough, Chest Pain, and a Left Upper Lobe Mass.

    PubMed

    Cherian, Sujith V; Akasapu, Karunakar; Kumar, Anupam; Mauzo, Shakuntala H; Bhattacharjee, Meenakshi B

    2016-09-01

    A 34-year-old white woman who was 30 weeks' pregnant initially presented to her primary care physician with a cough for which she was given antibiotics, but she had persistent symptoms. These were followed by chest pain, as a result of which she was referred to our department. She had a past medical history of hypertension, and currently was in her sixth pregnancy, with no reported complications in the previous pregnancies. Review of systems was otherwise negative. She had a three-pack-year smoking history, but denied smoking during her current pregnancy. PMID:27613995

  17. A 51-Year-Old Woman With Hypoacusia and Increased Respiratory Effort in the Supine Position and OSA.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Barriales, Marcos; Vázquez Marcos, Virginia; Álvarez, Ainhoa; Odriozola, Beatriz; Alonso, Juan; Egea Santaolalla, Carlos

    2016-08-01

    A 51-year-old woman with a personal history of vitiligo, normal thyroid hormone studies, a simple hysterectomy for multiple uterine myomas at age 35 years, and childhood adenotonsillectomy was seen for progressive hearing loss. She reported mild asthenia, cold intolerance, mild dysphagia with frequent choking while eating and drinking, and a progressive increase in inspiratory effort, especially in the supine position. Her partner described a progressively worsening history of snoring and witnessed apneic episodes, mostly in the supine position. Mild to moderate daytime sleepiness was also present. PMID:27502995

  18. Overview Presentation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lytle, John

    2001-01-01

    This report provides an overview presentation of the 2000 NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) Review and Planning Meeting. Topics include: 1) a background of the program; 2) 1999 Industry Feedback; 3) FY00 Status, including resource distribution and major accomplishments; 4) FY01 Major Milestones; and 5) Future direction for the program. Specifically, simulation environment/production software and NPSS CORBA Security Development are discussed.

  19. α-Fetoprotein-producing ovarian tumor in a postmenopausal woman with germ cell differentiation.

    PubMed

    Meguro, Shiori; Yasuda, Masanori

    2013-02-01

    α-Fetoprotein (AFP)-producing ovarian tumors (APOTs) are rarely encountered in postmenopausal women, irrespective of whether they are of the germ cell or non-germ cell type. The APOTs that do occur in postmenopausal women are characterized by variable histologies such as hepatoid carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, and epithelial malignancies, most of which are combined. We herein present a case with APOT, which arose in a 58-year-old, gravida 2, para 2, postmenopausal woman. Preoperatively, the tumor, which was in the right ovary, was found to produce AFP (102768.0 ng/mL). The tumor was evenly composed of glands mimicking secretory endometrial gland or fetal gut accompanied by abundant stroma. Immunohistochemically, these glands were positive for SALL4, glypican-3, and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β. We considered the present case as an AFP-producing adenocarcinoma with adenofibroma showing germ cell differentiation, but it seemed controversial that this tumor should be designated as a yolk sac tumor of the glandular type. The expression profiles of SALL4, OCT4, glypican-3, and hepatocyte nuclear factor 1β were thought to provide interesting implications to characterize the present case. PMID:22056036

  20. Vaginal foreign body mimicking cervical cancer in postmenopausal woman – case study

    PubMed Central

    Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Aneta; Ledowicz, Witold; Jakiel, Grzegorz

    2015-01-01

    We present a case report of a 73-year-old, postmenopausal woman with detailed history of breast cancer and oncology treatment including tamoxifen therapy. She presented at the clinic of gynecology and obstetrics with recurrent inflammation of the urinary and genital tract and suspicion of a cervical mass. She also presented occasional abdominal complaints and malodorous vaginal discharge. These symptoms were observed in the patient for several years. Before hospitalization she received many kinds of empirical, antimicrobial treatment such as chlorquinaldol, metronidazole, nifuratel, and nystatin. She did not receive further guidance from doctors about the causes of ailments and further diagnostic and treatment capabilities. In our clinic a detailed diagnostic process including ultrasound transvaginal examination and a minisurgical procedure revealed the presence of a vaginal foreign body (which turned out to be a plastic, shampoo bottle cap) surrounded by a mass of inflamed tissue mimicking a cervical tumor. All symptoms and complaints subsided after surgical removal of the foreign body and antibacterial therapy with metronidazole and cefuroxime. Our study draws attention to the need of thorough gynecological care including prophylaxis, especially in the case of complaints of an intimate nature. Even trivial, frequently occurring disorders can be dangerous and require proper and responsible doctor's supervision and management through the healing process. PMID:26528112

  1. Heart and Lung Metastases From Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma in a Forty-Two-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Shakerian, Behnam; Mandegar, Mohammad Hossein; Moradi, Bahieh; Roshanali, Farideh

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LG-ESS) is a malignant intrauterine tumor that rarely presents with distant metastasis. Simultaneous lung and cardiac metastases from LG-ESS is also an extremely rare event. Case Presentation: A 42-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and exercise intolerance. She had a history of hysterectomy and left salpingoophorectomy. She underwent second laparotomy as well as right oophorectomy after new finding of vaginal mass with histopathologic diagnosis of LG-ESS. Cardiac imaging techniques demonstrated tumoral process in the right atrium and ventricle, coronary sinus, and pulmonary outlet tract as well as multiple metastases in the lung fields. Successful complete surgical resection of the metastatic tumor in the right side of the heart and then radiotherapy were done. After 28 months, follow-up examination revealed no abnormality. Conclusions: We describe the first documented case of isolated intracardiac and lung metastases of a LG-ESS without concurrent abdominal or caval metastasis. PMID:26436070

  2. Vaginal foreign body mimicking cervical cancer in postmenopausal woman - case study.

    PubMed

    Ciebiera, Michał; Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Aneta; Ledowicz, Witold; Jakiel, Grzegorz

    2015-09-01

    We present a case report of a 73-year-old, postmenopausal woman with detailed history of breast cancer and oncology treatment including tamoxifen therapy. She presented at the clinic of gynecology and obstetrics with recurrent inflammation of the urinary and genital tract and suspicion of a cervical mass. She also presented occasional abdominal complaints and malodorous vaginal discharge. These symptoms were observed in the patient for several years. Before hospitalization she received many kinds of empirical, antimicrobial treatment such as chlorquinaldol, metronidazole, nifuratel, and nystatin. She did not receive further guidance from doctors about the causes of ailments and further diagnostic and treatment capabilities. In our clinic a detailed diagnostic process including ultrasound transvaginal examination and a minisurgical procedure revealed the presence of a vaginal foreign body (which turned out to be a plastic, shampoo bottle cap) surrounded by a mass of inflamed tissue mimicking a cervical tumor. All symptoms and complaints subsided after surgical removal of the foreign body and antibacterial therapy with metronidazole and cefuroxime. Our study draws attention to the need of thorough gynecological care including prophylaxis, especially in the case of complaints of an intimate nature. Even trivial, frequently occurring disorders can be dangerous and require proper and responsible doctor's supervision and management through the healing process. PMID:26528112

  3. Recovery of artificially inseminated spermatozoa from the fallopian tubes of a woman undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy.

    PubMed

    Williams, M; Barratt, C L; Hill, C J; Warren, M A; Dunphy, B; Cooke, I D

    1992-04-01

    Investigation of the process of sperm transport within the human female reproductive tract must involve the recovery of spermatozoa from the oviducts of women post-coitum or insemination. This case report describes the insemination of a 40-year-old woman with her partner's semen and the subsequent recovery of spermatozoa from her Fallopian tubes, removed at hysterectomy, 2 days post-ovulation. The number of spermatozoa present within the tubes and their location was ascertained using a flushing technique and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The total number of spermatozoa present within the flushed tube was calculated to be 142, whilst the total number of spermatozoa calculated to be present within the scanned tube was 673. The proportional distribution of spermatozoa within the tubes was virtually identical by the two techniques used. The largest population of spermatozoa resided within the ampulla (66.1% SEM, 68.3% flush), and the smallest population resided within the intramural region (14.9% SEM, 13.4% flush). PMID:1522194

  4. She stands alone: Pakistani woman film director, Shireen Pasha.

    PubMed

    Mustafa, A

    1995-01-01

    This article describes the activities of film director Shireen Pasha in promoting truth in the mass media in Pakistan. Pasha is described as one who finds it inexcusable in a state-subsidized system that national problems of poverty are not aired openly. Pasha has pursued the goal of exposing the real lives of Pakistanis on film in contrast to the publicly aired segments of "pretty girls in nice drawing rooms." Foreign channels available through satellite communications technology are viewed by Pasha as inappropriate with regard to people's needs and uncreative. Pakistan began with one channel, PTV, which recently refused to air her documentary on living conditions in Pakistan's rural areas "The Travelogue Pakistan." "The Walled City of Lahore" was her film about life in the old city. Both films poetically depicted the honor of humans and their struggle to stay alive. Some of her documentaries are made to show the value of indigenous skills, centuries old know-how, and traditions, regardless of the poverty. Pasha is described as fighting with PTV management over use of resources. Pasha desires to invest in training people to do documentaries or be more field-oriented rather than investing in equipment. Pasha joined PTV in 1975 and left in 1990. Pasha is recognized for her isolation as a woman in the business world, her commitment to exposing remote cultures and truth, and the odds she must confront in attaining her goals. Pasha is committed to doing extensive research, usually conducted during the summer months, in order to construct a credible story line that is produced usually during the winter months. One model of film story line is defined as one where women are portrayed as starting from an indigenous skill or knowledge and shifting to a greater position of power and control over their lives. Pasha believes that people who make films have the responsibility to evoke a reaction in people and to offer solutions. Two acclaimed films, which were supported by

  5. One young woman's campaign: rock concerts and graffiti.

    PubMed

    Malewska, J

    1993-05-01

    Prevailing law and church dictum in 1989 Poland precluded talking about condoms and sex on the radio. Accordingly, a young woman who did a radio-theater drama with some friends about how to avoid HIV infection was thrown out of school. This youth, however, knew that her audience found the emission to be provocative and interesting, and that people were having unprotected sex at concerts in toilet stalls with unknown partners. The Ministry of Health nonetheless said funds were unavailable for condom distribution. Undeterred, the author, her younger brother, and 2 friends joined forces to make large banners with pictures of condoms, bought 500 condoms with their own money, and went to the largest rock festival in Warsaw. She described on stage what AIDS is and how to contract it while friends handed out condoms and leaflets. Their success how has them cooperating with 20 other groups and going to concerts to talk about AIDS and hand out condoms. They have also sprayed graffiti across Warsaw aimed at preventing HIV transmission and provide leaflets and condoms with money from France to ticket holders at area clubs; letters requesting cooperative action have been received. Despite the success of these activities, the Ministry of Health requires receipt of a project and budget proposal before they may consider funding. Graffiti, however, is illegal in Poland and the new Catholic government made is impossible to obtain cheap Polish condoms in shops. The activists continued to develop banners and graffiti, but failed to keep people from engaging in high risk sex with multiple partners. 3 of the author's attractive and healthy female friends therefore began going to concerts and night clubs where they feigned soliciting sexual relations and being HIV-seropositive. Unsuspecting takers without condoms were informed of the girls contrived HIV serostatus and told they must surely desire death if they are ready to have unprotected intercourse. The desire to use condoms has

  6. Student Readers and the Civil War Letters of an Ohio Woman.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffmann, Leonore Noll

    1986-01-01

    Describes the creation of two anthologies of personal narratives by women. Explains how letters can stimulate students to become active readers using, as an example, letters written by a woman during the Civil War. (SRT)

  7. The Married Professional Woman: A Study in the Tolerance of Domestication

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poloma, Margaret M.; Garland, T. Neal

    1971-01-01

    Data from recent study of dual profession couples on the woman's desire for an egalitarian family, her career orientation, and her perception of discrimination are used to support the "tolerance of domestication" thesis. (Author)

  8. [The experience of caring for an alcoholic woman in the family].

    PubMed

    dos Santos, Alessandro Marques; da Silva, Mara Regina Santos

    2012-04-01

    This study aims at investigating the care practices developed by the family of an alcoholic woman and understanding her perception of the care she is receiving. It is a case study, developed using a qualitative approach. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, performed in 2008 in a middle-class family home in a town in southern Brazil. The data were later submitted to analysis. The results show that the care provided by the family is centered on the needs for food, hygiene, sleep, rest and the transporting of the woman to specialized detoxification services, and that the woman views these actions as a form of control and punishment due to her addiction. We highlight the way the family cares for the woman and how this changed as her alcoholism evolved. PMID:22576540

  9. Coffee to Go: Woman "Thinks" First Cup in 15 Years | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: NIBIB Robotics Coffee to Go: Woman "Thinks" First Cup in ... own—using her thoughts alone to direct a robotic arm to her lips. The feat was made ...

  10. Electrocardiogram in a 39-Year-Old Woman After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting.

    PubMed

    Glancy, David L

    2016-08-15

    After coronary arterial bypass operation for angina pectoris without prior myocardial infarction, a 39-year-old woman has an electrocardiogram during right ventricular pacing that is highly specific for anterior myocardial infarction. PMID:27328957

  11. Phaeochromocytoma presenting with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction.

    PubMed

    Ahmed, Mohamed A; Abdullah, Abdullah Sayied; Kiernan, Thomas John

    2016-01-01

    Phaeochromocytoma is a rare endocrine disorder with different cardiovascular presentations. In this brief report, we discuss a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction secondary to phaeochromocytoma. Coronary angiogram showed non-obstructive coronary artery disease. PMID:26857585

  12. [Vulvar carcinoma in situ in 19 year old woman: a case report and literature report].

    PubMed

    Togo-Peraza, José María; Togo-Osuna, Luis Roberto; Montoya-Romero, José de Jesús

    2014-08-01

    The vulvar cancer is a rare disease. It's incidence is about 2.2 cases per 100, 000 women. The presentation of invasive vulvar cancer and in situ vulvar cancer has arrise in it's presentation with an increse of 2.4% per year. The National Cancer Institute has reported that vulvar cancer has been one of the twelve maliganant tumors that have increased thei incidence. The following is a case report of a 19 years old woman with diagnose of in situ vulvar cancer found incidentally on the perineal skin during the performing of a uterine curettage, with the diagnosis of abortion. The treatment consisted in a wide resecction of the perineal skin and residual condilomas and evaporation of vaginal condilomas with laser argon, following vulvar reconstruction. After the surgical treatment 5% imiquimod cream was used in the site of the surgery three times a week for an eight weeks period. Complete remision was achived and there was not early recurrences. PMID:25282949

  13. Spontaneous right coronary artery dissection: causing myocardial infarction in a 36-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Klein, Joshua; Hakimian, Justin; Makaryus, Amgad N

    2012-01-01

    Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rather rare cause of myocardial infarction, chest pain, and sudden death. Since the condition was first described in 1931, fewer than 200 cases have been reported in the medical literature. There are currently no known direct causes of this condition, although some correlations have been noted. Many patients are women in the peripartum period or of childbearing age, with few or no risk factors for coronary artery disease. Other associations include contraceptive use and connective-tissue disorders, Ehlers-Danlos and Marfan syndromes, and polyarteritis nodosa. Most of the reported dissections have occurred in the left anterior descending coronary artery. Herein, we report the case of a 36-year-old woman who presented at our institution with an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to a spontaneous dissection of the right coronary artery. Thrombectomy and stenting resolved the occlusion of the artery, and the patient was discharged from the hospital on medical therapy. We discuss the pathophysiology, presentation, and treatment of this rare and often fatal condition. PMID:22412239

  14. [The woman at the termination of pregnancy for fetal anomalies: clinical case].

    PubMed

    Baena-Antequera, Francisca; Jurado-García, Estefanía

    2015-01-01

    Within the assistance and support to coping with perinatal death, it must be considered that there is a group of women whose process has some features that give specific connotations. We talked about when the perinatal loss occurs due to a maternal decision to the presence of a fetal malformation. These cases today, thanks to advances in the techniques of control fetal development, are not uncommon. In their assistance, healthcare professionals should be aware that they often present a great sense of guilt and ambivalence between well-made decision and the hardness of having to come to it. A case of a pregnant woman undergoing a fetal fetolisis and care plan developed in her assistance for the induction of labor, delivery and immediate postpartum period is presented. This plan includes the problems of collaboration and the independent problems that are formulated according to the NANDA, NOC and NIC taxonomies. The implication for practice after studying this case leads to the duty to equally address the coping with a stillbirth, whether it was spontaneous or had it been determined by fetal malformation completion, giving parents the ability to view and contact with their child. PMID:26342815

  15. Fatal case of luteinized thecoma with sclerosing peritonitis in a 40-year-old woman.

    PubMed

    Bahar, Burak; Hu, Zhihong; Szpaderska, Anna; Liotta, Margaret; Potkul, Ronald K; Smith, Donna; Erşahin, Çağatay

    2014-01-01

    We describe the pathologic and clinical presentation of a very rare, fatal case of luteinized thecoma with sclerosing peritonitis in a 40-year-old woman, who had a history of total abdominal hysterectomy and a left salpingo-oophorectomy in 2003. The patient presented with abdominal pain, and radiologic examinations revealed a 10-cm heterogenous right pelvic mass with partial necrosis. The patient eventually underwent an exploratory laparotomy, which revealed an ovarian tumor with multiple implants in the peritoneal cavity. The ovarian lesion was made up of spindle cells among clusters of luteinized stromal cells that expanded to the ovarian cortex. Tumor cells were positive for vimentin, estrogen and progesterone receptors, and CCD68 (focally) and negative for CD34, α-smooth muscle actin, β-catenin, and desmin by immunohistochemical studies. Luteinized cells were positive for α-inhibin and calretinin. Tumor cells exhibited low Ki-67 proliferation indices. The patient died because of the sclerosing peritonitis component of the disease. PMID:24300532

  16. ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with soft tissue involvement in a young woman

    PubMed Central

    Gao, Kehai; Li, Hongtao; Huang, Caihong; Li, Huazhuang; Fang, Jun; Tian, Chen

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has strong expression of CD30. ALCL can sometimes involve the bone marrow, and in advanced stages, it can produce destructive extranodal lesions. But anaplastic large cell lymphoma kinase (ALK)+ ALCL with soft tissue involvement is very rare. Case report A 35-year-old woman presented with waist pain for over 1 month. The biopsy of soft tissue lesions showed that these cells were positive for ALK-1, CD30, TIA-1, GranzymeB, CD4, CD8, and Ki67 (90%+) and negative for CD3, CD5, CD20, CD10, cytokeratin (CK), TdT, HMB-45, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and pan-CK, which identified ALCL. After six cycles of Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen, she achieved partial remission. Three months later, she died due to disease progression. Conclusion This case illustrates the unusual presentation of ALCL in soft tissue with a bad response to chemotherapy. Because of the tendency for rapid progression, ALCL in young adults with extra-nodal lesions are often treated with high-grade chemotherapy, such as Hyper-CVAD/MA. PMID:27445489

  17. [Status of the Rwandan woman: static or dynamic?].

    PubMed

    Kabagwira, A

    1991-12-01

    The role of Rwandan women in population, health, nutrition, energy, water, environmental sanitation, and habitat is assessed in these excerpts from a study entitled "Socioeconomic Profile of the Rwandan Woman" which was carried but in collaboration with a Canadian organization. Rwanda's rate of population growth increased from 2.7% in 1970 to 3.7% in 1978. It is currently 3.6%. The total population increased by 57% between 1978-91. Population pressure on Rwanda's resources is reflected in soil exhaustion, fragmentation of land holdings, deforestation, erosion, and declining productivity. The total fertility rate of 8.6 has clear consequences for women's health and for their roles as educators of children and as economic producers. Women are adversely affected by migration and by polygamy. An estimated 22% of households are headed by women, whose economic disadvantages often translate into extreme poverty. The National Office of Population since its creation has attempted to increase awareness of the imbalance between population and resources and of the different contraceptive methods available. Rwanda's contraceptive prevalence rate has increased from 1.2% in 1985 to 10% in 1990. The health budget has been declining for several years. Women are the principal dispensers of health care to children and play an important role in traditional medicine and as midwives. Only 2.8% of deliveries are professionally attended, and the maternal mortality rate is high. Women's excess physical labor and lack of access to modern health care have been joined in recent years by another threat, AIDS. Although data on women's nutritional status are lacking, it is believed to be deficient. Increasing food imports since 1983 attest to the growing inability of the county to feed itself. At the national level, 27% of farm plots are of less than 1/2 hectare and 56% are under 1 hectare. Food distribution is poor between households and between regions, and seasonal shortages occur regularly

  18. Uterine cancer presenting as obstructive jaundice.

    PubMed

    Manuel, Valdano; Rocha, Eserval; Fortini, Giovana; Pascoal, Zeida; Netto, Renata; Rengel, Lenira; Birolini, Claudio; Utiyama, Edivaldo Massazo

    2016-01-01

    Obstructive jaundice as an initial manifestation of uterine cancer is extremely rare. We present a case of a 72-year-old female who presented with obstructive jaundice, supposedly for pancreatic cancer. After detailed diagnostic investigation, the cause of the jaundice was attributed to a metastatic compression of the common bile duct, from the primary neoplasm of the uterus. This case highlights the importance of including uterine cancer in the differential diagnosis of woman presenting with obstructive jaundice, even though it is very rare. PMID:27462179

  19. Uterine cancer presenting as obstructive jaundice

    PubMed Central

    Manuel, Valdano; Rocha, Eserval; Fortini, Giovana; Pascoal, Zeida; Netto, Renata; Rengel, Lenira; Birolini, Claudio; Utiyama, Edivaldo Massazo

    2016-01-01

    Obstructive jaundice as an initial manifestation of uterine cancer is extremely rare. We present a case of a 72-year-old female who presented with obstructive jaundice, supposedly for pancreatic cancer. After detailed diagnostic investigation, the cause of the jaundice was attributed to a metastatic compression of the common bile duct, from the primary neoplasm of the uterus. This case highlights the importance of including uterine cancer in the differential diagnosis of woman presenting with obstructive jaundice, even though it is very rare. PMID:27462179

  20. Variable expressivity familial cherubism: woman transmitting cherubism without suffering the disease

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Cherubism is classified within the group of benign osteo-fibrous lesions. Aside from facial deformities, it may account for major complications. It has been observed that the disease is caused by a mutation in the gene SH3BP2 (SH3-domain binding protein 2), which is located at chromosome 4pl6.3. Here we present two cases of familial cherubism, uncle and nephew, with variable clinical involvement (“Expressivity”), and one case of a woman (sister and mother, respectively), who transmitted cherubism without suffering the disease. In this article we have shown that, in familial cherubism cases, the mutation is inherited through an autosomal dominant transmission. Mutations affecting gene SH3BP2 cause variable clinical involvement (variable expressivity), involvement can be moderate, severe or may result merely in asymptomatic carriers. Since the possibility of transmission reaches 50% of chances, we believe that it is important to develop genetic counseling for both patients and carriers, in order to prevent or minimize new affected offspring. PMID:24382142

  1. Giant Endometrial Polyp in a Postmenopausal Woman without Hormone/Drug Use and Vaginal Bleeding

    PubMed Central

    Ünal, Betül; Doğan, Selen; Karaveli, Fatma Şeyda; Şimşek, Tayup; Erdoğan, Gülgün; Candaner, Işıl

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study is to determine and discuss the causes of a giant endometrial polyp in a postmenopausal woman without hormone/drug use and to submit interesting clinical presentation. Here we report a seventy-year-old female patient who was admitted to our hospital with lower back pain. There were no other complaints from her. Physical examination was normal. For further examination, computed tomography was performed and a heterogeneous mass, with a diameter of 10 × 9 centimeters, was detected in the uterine cavity. Hysterectomy because of suspected endometrial cancer was performed. Histopathological examination showed us a giant endometrial polyp with edematous and focal fibrotic stroma, large thick walled blood vessels between normal sized and cystically dilated endometrial glands. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a giant endometrial polyp which is unrelated to use of drugs such as tamoxifen and raloxifene; however, based on the history of the patient it may be associated with long-term consumption of thyme, which is a kind of phytoestrogen. PMID:25093134

  2. Clinical manifestation of a calyceal diverticular abscess in a pregnant woman.

    PubMed

    Sekiguchi, Masaki; Hasegawa, Yuichi; Kinomoto, Satoko; Sago, Haruhiko

    2014-01-01

    Calyceal diverticula are congenital, nonsecretory abnormalities in which the transitional cell-lined cavity communicates with the renal collecting system. Here we present the case of a calyceal diverticular abscess during pregnancy. A 40-year-old primiparous woman developed the abscess at 23 weeks of gestation, with right flank pain and a 37.8°C fever. A transabdominal ultrasound revealed a 12 × 10 cm cystic mass in the right kidney. She was initially diagnosed with a simple renal cyst infection, and intravenous antibiotics were initiated. Percutaneous drainage was started at 26 weeks of gestation. When urine excretion from the cyst was confirmed by dye test using indigotindisulfonate sodium, the patient was diagnosed with a calyceal diverticular abscess. She gave birth to a 2,870 g healthy male at 38 weeks of gestation. Percutaneous drainage with low-dose antimicrobial therapy could thus allow for the continued pregnancy of women with a calyceal diverticular abscess until full term. PMID:25525537

  3. Successful Pregnancy in a Woman with Maple Syrup Urine Disease: Case Report.

    PubMed

    Heiber, Stefanie; Zulewski, Henryk; Zaugg, Marianne; Kiss, Caroline; Baumgartner, Matthias

    2015-01-01

    We present the positive outcome of a pregnancy in a woman with severe classic maple syrup urine disease (MSUD). Maintaining the maternal plasma levels of leucine between 200 and 300 μmol/L allowed normal development of the foetus. Tolerance of protein and leucine increased continuously from the 16th gestational week until delivery. The patient was able to increase protein and leucine intake from 5 g to nearly 30 g and 300-3,000 mg/day, respectively. Weekly measurement of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) concentrations and the assessment of dietary intake were used to adjust protein intake. After 41 weeks of pregnancy, she gave birth to a healthy baby girl and was able to breastfeed her daughter for 6 months during which time, the protein and leucine intake were lower than during pregnancy, but higher than with her usual pre-pregnancy diet. The development of the girl is normal at the age of 3 years. PMID:25720565

  4. Symptomatic Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumor not Otherwise Specified in a Post-Menopausal Woman.

    PubMed

    Sood, Neha; Desai, Kaniksha; Chindris, Ana-Maria; Lewis, Jason; Dinh, Tri A

    2016-06-28

    Steroid cell tumor not otherwise specified (NOS) is a rare subtype of sex cord stromal tumor of the ovary and contributes less than 0.1% of all ovarian neoplasms. The majority of tumors occur in pre-menopausal women (mean age: 43 years), in which 56-77% of patients present with virilization due to excess testosterone. An 80-year-old woman with worsening alopecia and excessive growth of coarse hair on abdomen and genital area was found to have elevated serum testosterone level (462 ng/mL). Radiologic studies were consistent with bilateral adrenal adenomas. Bilateral adrenal venous sampling ruled out the adrenal gland as origin of hormone secretion. A diagnostic and therapeutic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy confirmed steroid cell tumor NOS of the left ovary. Post-operatively, the patient had complete resolution of her symptoms and normalization of testosterone level. Our case emphasizes the importance of a clinical suspicion for an occult testosterone secreting ovarian tumor in a symptomatic patient without obvious ovarian mass on imaging. PMID:27441075

  5. Severe Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve Stenosis and Heart Failure in a Young Woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

    PubMed

    Wartak, Siddharth; Akkad, Isaac; Sadiq, Adnan; Crooke, Gregory; Moskovits, Manfred; Frankel, Robert; Hollander, Gerald; Shani, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    A 23-year-old African American woman with a past medical history of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), secondary hypertension, and end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis for eight years was stable until she developed symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation with preserved ejection fraction. She underwent a bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (MVR) at outside hospital. However, within a year of her surgery, she presented to our hospital with NYHA class IV symptoms. She was treated for heart failure but in view of her persistent symptoms and low EF was considered for heart and kidney transplant. This was a challenge in view of her history of lupus. We presumed that her stenosis of bioprosthetic valve was secondary to lupus and renal disease. We hypothesized that her low ejection fraction was secondary to mitral stenosis and potentially reversible. We performed a dobutamine stress echocardiogram, which revealed an improved ejection fraction to more than 50% and confirmed preserved inotropic contractile reserve of her myocardium. Based on this finding, she underwent a metallic mitral valve and tricuspid valve replacement. Following surgery, her symptoms completely resolved. This case highlights the pathophysiology of lupus causing stenosis of prosthetic valves and low ejection cardiomyopathy. PMID:27610249

  6. Urachal adenocarcinoma incidentally discovered in a young woman at elective caesarean section.

    PubMed

    Goldman, Hariette; Sowter, Steven

    2016-01-01

    Urachal adenocarcinoma is a rare non-urothelial malignancy that represents only 0.5% of all vesical cancers. Urachal adenocarcinoma most commonly occurs in the 5th to 7th decade. We describe a case of a 35-year-old woman (G3P1) who presented at 20 weeks pregnancy with two episodes of post-coital bleeding. Ultrasound demonstrated a uterine mass measuring 59×43×56 mm, presumed to be a leiomyoma. The decision was made to proceed to caesarean section at 38 weeks, given the progression of the presumed leiomyoma. A 2 cm bladder dome mass was incidentally discovered at the time of the caesarean section and an urgent intraoperative urology consult was sought. Resultantly, the bladder mass was dissected to the dome, and pathology returned urachal adenocarcinoma. This case report considers the treatment decisions involved when faced with urachal adenocarcinoma and reviews the literature surrounding this rare malignancy. PMID:27353172

  7. ECG of the Month: ECG in a 30-Year-Old Woman.

    PubMed

    Glancy, D Luke; Diwan, Pranav M

    2015-01-01

    Sinus rhythm; an atrial premature complex; sagging ST-segments, low T-waves, and prominent U-waves suggesting hypokalemia. The ST-T and U-wave changes described above are characteristic of hypokalemia. When the serum potassium level is between 3.0 and 3.5 mEq/L, one or more of the findings may be present. All three are common when the serum potassium level is below 2.5 mEq/L. At the lowest serum potassium levels the T-wave becomes a notch on the upstroke of a giant U-wave, as occurs here in the ECG of this woman with a serum potassium of 1.7 mEq/L.1,2 This configuration is occasionally mistaken for the ST-segment depression and long QT interval of myocardial ischemia.3 Atrial premature complexes are common with hypokalemia, and atrial fibrillation may occur. This patient's potassium was repleted, and the following day her ECG was essentially normal (Figure 2) and virtually unchanged from an ECG recorded two years earlier. PMID:27159459

  8. Cardiogenic shock following administration of propofol and fentanyl in a healthy woman: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Introduction Cardiogenic shock is very uncommon in healthy people. The differential diagnosis for patients with acute heart failure in previously healthy hearts includes acute myocardial infarction and myocarditis. However, many drugs can also depress myocardial function. Propofol and fentanyl are frequently used during different medical procedures. The cardiovascular depressive effect of both drugs has been well established, but the development of cardiogenic shock is very rare when these agents are used. Case presentation After a minor surgical intervention, a 32-year-old Caucasian woman with no significant medical history went into sudden hemodynamic deterioration due to acute heart failure. An urgent echocardiogram showed severe biventricular dysfunction and an estimated left ventricular ejection fraction of 20%. Extracorporeal life support and mechanical ventilation were required. Five days later her ventricular function had fully recovered, which allowed the progressive withdrawal of medical treatment. Prior to her hospital discharge, cardiac MRI showed neither edema nor pathological deposits on the delayed contrast enhancement sequences. At her six-month follow-up examination, the patient was asymptomatic and did not require treatment. Conclusion Although there are many causes of cardiogenic shock, the presence of abrupt hemodynamic deterioration and the absence of a clear cause could be related to the use of propofol and fentanyl. PMID:21846377

  9. Clinical Manifestation of a Calyceal Diverticular Abscess in a Pregnant Woman

    PubMed Central

    Hasegawa, Yuichi; Sago, Haruhiko

    2014-01-01

    Calyceal diverticula are congenital, nonsecretory abnormalities in which the transitional cell-lined cavity communicates with the renal collecting system. Here we present the case of a calyceal diverticular abscess during pregnancy. A 40-year-old primiparous woman developed the abscess at 23 weeks of gestation, with right flank pain and a 37.8°C fever. A transabdominal ultrasound revealed a 12 × 10 cm cystic mass in the right kidney. She was initially diagnosed with a simple renal cyst infection, and intravenous antibiotics were initiated. Percutaneous drainage was started at 26 weeks of gestation. When urine excretion from the cyst was confirmed by dye test using indigotindisulfonate sodium, the patient was diagnosed with a calyceal diverticular abscess. She gave birth to a 2,870 g healthy male at 38 weeks of gestation. Percutaneous drainage with low-dose antimicrobial therapy could thus allow for the continued pregnancy of women with a calyceal diverticular abscess until full term. PMID:25525537

  10. Neutrophilic Dermatosis Limited to Lipo-Lymphedematous Skin in a Morbidly Obese Woman on Dasatinib Therapy.

    PubMed

    Ainechi, Sanaz; Carlson, John Andrew

    2016-02-01

    Neutrophilic dermatosis (ND) confined to postmastectomy lymphedema, localized Sweet syndrome, is a newly recognized disease. In this study, the authors describe a 44-year-old obese woman with chronic myelogenous leukemia in molecular remission on dasatinib therapy, who presented with a painful urticarial eruption limited to lipo-lymphedematous skin and accompanied by malaise, episodic fever, diarrhea, neutrophilia, and leukocytosis. Initially transient and migratory, the rash became fixed, papular, and vesicular and showed minimal response to corticosteroids. Biopsy demonstrated sparse perivascular and interstitial dermal neutrophilic infiltrates, without vasculitis or significant dermal edema. Aggregates of neutrophils were found within and surrounding lymphangiectases. Biopsy of a new onset papule 3 weeks later demonstrated papillary dermal edema, denser neutrophilic infiltrate, and vasculitis-like changes. These 2 histopathologic patterns of ND, early and late, resemble neutrophilic urticarial dermatitis (also known as neutrophilic dermatitis with systemic inflammation) and Sweet syndrome, respectively. Extensive workup did not reveal evidence of relapsed chronic myelogenous leukemia, infection, or a coexisting systemic inflammatory disease. Dasatinib was discontinued and the eruption gradually resolved over 2.5 months. Still in molecular remission (no detectable BCR-ABL gene fusion), dasatinib therapy was recommenced at 3-month follow-up. After 10 months, she complains of malaise and arthralgia, but no cutaneous symptoms. The evolution and slow resolution of this ND in lipo-lymphedematous skin implicate poor lymphatic clearance of factors, antigenic and/or toxic, involved in the pathogenesis of ND. PMID:26825166

  11. Severe Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve Stenosis and Heart Failure in a Young Woman with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    Wartak, Siddharth; Sadiq, Adnan; Crooke, Gregory; Moskovits, Manfred; Frankel, Robert; Hollander, Gerald; Shani, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    A 23-year-old African American woman with a past medical history of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), secondary hypertension, and end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis for eight years was stable until she developed symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation with preserved ejection fraction. She underwent a bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement (MVR) at outside hospital. However, within a year of her surgery, she presented to our hospital with NYHA class IV symptoms. She was treated for heart failure but in view of her persistent symptoms and low EF was considered for heart and kidney transplant. This was a challenge in view of her history of lupus. We presumed that her stenosis of bioprosthetic valve was secondary to lupus and renal disease. We hypothesized that her low ejection fraction was secondary to mitral stenosis and potentially reversible. We performed a dobutamine stress echocardiogram, which revealed an improved ejection fraction to more than 50% and confirmed preserved inotropic contractile reserve of her myocardium. Based on this finding, she underwent a metallic mitral valve and tricuspid valve replacement. Following surgery, her symptoms completely resolved. This case highlights the pathophysiology of lupus causing stenosis of prosthetic valves and low ejection cardiomyopathy. PMID:27610249

  12. Superior Dislocation of the Patella in a Young Woman without Osteophytes: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Kataoka, Tatsunori; Iizawa, Norishige; Takai, Shinro

    2016-01-01

    Superior dislocation of the patella without patellar ligament injury is an extremely rare condition. A review of the English-language literature found only 23 reported cases. In addition, the primary factor for dislocation in most of these cases was considered to be osteophytes in the inferior pole of the patella and the anterior surface of the femoral condyle; only 1 case had no osteophytes. We treated a 19-year-old woman who sustained a painful locking of the left knee after colliding with a friend. Plain radiography and computed tomography showed superior-lateral dislocation of the patella and an interlocking between notches in the inferior pole of the patella and the anterior surface of the femoral condyle. Closed reduction without sedation was performed without difficulty, and the patient was able to walk home without pain. After 1 week, the knee was without problems. The patient had no osteophytes in the knee and had no other common risk factors, such as patella alta, ligamentous laxity, genu recurvatum, and paralytic disorders. After a comparison with previously reported cases of superior patella dislocation, we concluded that the primary factor in the present case might have been a different condition. PMID:26960585

  13. Symptomatic Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumor not Otherwise Specified in a Post-Menopausal Woman

    PubMed Central

    Sood, Neha; Desai, Kaniksha; Chindris, Ana-Maria; Lewis, Jason; Dinh, Tri A.

    2016-01-01

    Steroid cell tumor not otherwise specified (NOS) is a rare subtype of sex cord stromal tumor of the ovary and contributes less than 0.1% of all ovarian neoplasms. The majority of tumors occur in pre-menopausal women (mean age: 43 years), in which 56-77% of patients present with virilization due to excess testosterone. An 80-year-old woman with worsening alopecia and excessive growth of coarse hair on abdomen and genital area was found to have elevated serum testosterone level (462 ng/mL). Radiologic studies were consistent with bilateral adrenal adenomas. Bilateral adrenal venous sampling ruled out the adrenal gland as origin of hormone secretion. A diagnostic and therapeutic bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy confirmed steroid cell tumor NOS of the left ovary. Post-operatively, the patient had complete resolution of her symptoms and normalization of testosterone level. Our case emphasizes the importance of a clinical suspicion for an occult testosterone secreting ovarian tumor in a symptomatic patient without obvious ovarian mass on imaging. PMID:27441075

  14. Raloxifene protects against seizures and neurodegeneration in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal woman.

    PubMed

    Pottoo, F H; Bhowmik, M; Vohora, D

    2014-12-18

    Epilepsy in menopausal women presents several challenges in the treatment including an increased risk of seizures due to hormone replacement therapy. We investigated the hypothesis if raloxifene, a selective oestrogen receptor modulator, could be employed to prevent behavioural seizures and morphological alterations in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal women. Female mice were made ovotoxic by treatment with 4-vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) to mimic a postmenopausal state. They were then subjected to kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures and neurotoxicity, as assessed by microscopic examination of hippocampus, relevant to human temporal lobe epilepsy. VCD administration (for 15days followed by a drug-free period of 30days) induced ovotoxicity in mice as evidenced by reduced number of primary ovarian follicles. This was accompanied by a 62.4% reduction in serum oestradiol levels. The bone mineral density of ovotoxic mice, however, remained unaffected. Raloxifene (8mg/kg) reduced the seizure severity score in both normal and ovotoxic mice and protected against degeneration induced by KA in the CA3, CA1 sub-fields and hilus of the DG. Hippocampal TGF-β3 levels were not affected by any of the treatments. We show the potential protective role of raloxifene in preventing seizures and neuronal damage in a mouse model mimicking epilepsy in postmenopausal women which was found unrelated to hippocampal TGF-β3. Raloxifene might represent a novel therapeutic option for postmenopausal temporal lobe epileptic woman. PMID:25218046

  15. Reconceptualizing successful aging among black women and the relevance of the strong black woman archetype.

    PubMed

    Baker, Tamara A; Buchanan, NiCole T; Mingo, Chivon A; Roker, Rosalyn; Brown, Candace S

    2015-02-01

    Although there are multiple pathways to successful aging, little is known of what it means to age successfully among black women. There is a growing body of literature suggesting that black women experience a number of social challenges (sexism and racism) that may present as barriers to aging successfully. Applying aspects of the Strong Black Women ideal, into theoretical concepts of successful aging, may be particularly relevant in understanding which factors impair or promote the ability of black women to age successfully. The Strong Black Women archetype is a culturally salient ideal prescribing that black women render a guise of self-reliance, selflessness, and psychological, emotional, and physical strength. Although this ideal has received considerable attention in the behavioral sciences, it has been largely absent within the gerontology field. Nevertheless, understanding the dynamics of this cultural ideal may enhance our knowledge while developing an appreciation of the black woman's ability to age successfully. Rather than summarize the social, physical, and mental health literature focusing on health outcomes of black women, this conceptual review examines the Strong Black Women archetype and its application to the lived experiences of black women and contributions to current theories of successful aging. Focusing on successful aging exclusively among black women enhances our understanding of this group by considering their identity as women of color while recognizing factors that dictate their ability to age successfully. PMID:25416685

  16. A Young Woman with Ischemic Stroke: Should We Pay More Attention to Varicella Zoster Infection?

    PubMed Central

    Borbinha, Cláudia; Marto, João Pedro; Calado, Sofia; Viana-Baptista, Miguel

    2016-01-01

    Ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are recognized complications of Varicella zoster virus (VZV) infections, although uncommon and poorly documented. The authors report the case of a 31-year-old woman admitted with acute ischemic stroke of the right posterior cerebral artery and a history of a thoracic rash 1 month before. Aspirin and simvastatin were prescribed, but the patient suffered a stepwise deterioration the following days, with new areas of infarction on brain imaging. Despite no evidence of cardiac or large vessel embolic sources, anticoagulation was started empirically 6 days after stroke onset. One week later, symptomatic hemorrhagic transformation occurred. The diagnosis of VZV vasculopathy was then considered, and treatment with acyclovir and prednisolone was started with no further vascular events. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and digital subtraction angiography findings corroborated the diagnosis. The patient was discharged to the rehabilitation center with a modified Rankin scale (mRS) score of 4. On the 6-month follow-up, she presented only a slight disability (mRS score 2). In conclusion, VZV vasculopathy needs to be considered in young adults with stroke. A high index of suspicion and early treatment seem to be important to minimize morbidity and mortality. Anticoagulation should probably be avoided in stroke associated with VZV vasculopathy. PMID:27504091

  17. Pyogenic granuloma occurring in a postmenopausal woman on hormone replacement therapy.

    PubMed

    Johnson, Thomas M; Demsar, Williamr J; Herold, Robert W; Bisch, Frederick C; Gerlach, Robert C; Swiec, Gary D

    2011-01-01

    Pyogenic granuloma is a benign nodular lesion occurring most commonly on the gingiva of females during periods of elevated sex hormones such as puberty and pregnancy. Possible molecular mechanisms responsible for the appearance of pyogenic granuloma in this demographic have been suggested. Increased incidence of pyogenic granuloma in post menopausal women on hormone replacement therapy has not been reported. A 49-year-old woman with preexisting titanium implant placement in the left posterior mandible presented with complaint of food impaction and slight discomfort associated with the implant. Clinical examination revealed slight soft tissue erythema and edema, but no foreign body could be identified. Subsequently, a nodular gingival lesion associated with the implant developed and was treated by conservative surgical excision. Histologic characteristics of the lesion were consistent with pyogenic granuloma. The patient was informed of the diagnosis. No evidence of recurrence could be identified after 6 months. Like peripubertal and pregnant women, postmenopausal women treated with hormone replacement therapy may be at increased risk for pyogenic granuloma. Observational studies designed to establish an association between hormone replacement therapy and pyogenic granuloma have not been conducted. Dentists should be aware of putative pathophysiologic mechanisms for pyogenic granuloma formation and the possibility that hormone replacement may trigger these mechanisms. PMID:21409768

  18. Chiropractic Management of a 24-Year-Old Woman With Idiopathic, Intermittent Right-Sided Hemiparesthesia

    PubMed Central

    Bova, Joseph; Sergent, Adam

    2014-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic management of a patient with idiopathic, intermittent right-sided hemiparesthesia. Clinical Features A 24-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of intermittent idiopathic right arm paresthesia. She also had a 3-month history of intermittent idiopathic right leg/face paresthesia. These symptoms were strongest at night and caused insomnia and worsened over time. She rated her discomfort at 5/10 on a numeric scale. Intervention and Outcome Care included vibration stimulation therapy, spinal manipulation and cold laser therapy. She had a noticeable reduction in her paresthesia both subjectively and objectively. She showed improvement in paresthesia on the right side of her body after the first visit. The following week, after 2 visits she returned and stated that she was symptom free with 0/10 discomfort on a numeric scale. Conclusion This patient's symptoms of idiopathic, intermittent right-sided hemi-paresthesia seemed to improve with a short course of chiropractic care using manipulation, vibration therapy and cold laser therapy. PMID:25435843

  19. Tetanus after a minor injury leading to death in a previously non-immunized, elderly, Norwegian woman

    PubMed Central

    Brandsæter, Bjørn; Aaberge, Ingeborg S.; Dunlop, Oona

    2015-01-01

    Tetanus vaccination is part of the Norwegian childhood vaccination program. An elderly woman injured her arm and leg after a minor fall on her outdoor stairs. Two weeks later she presented with trismus. This developed into tetanic spasms, obstructed airways and the need for a tracheostomy. She died 14 days later due to pneumonia and multi-organ failure. ELISA for tetanus toxoid IgG was negative, probably because the patient was born before the introduction of tetanus vaccination in the Norwegian childhood vaccination program. Lack of adherence to the vaccination programs should be considered in patients presenting with symptoms resembling diseases they normally would be protected from. Although the patient presented with typical symptoms the diagnosis was not suspected initially, probably due to the rareness of this disease in Norway. PMID:26793455

  20. The Drop That Spilled the Cup: Acute Myocardial Infarction in a Young Woman with Underlying Thrombophilic Polymorphisms and Oral Contraceptive Use

    PubMed Central

    Capilli, Gianfranco; Patané, Anella Antonietta

    2014-01-01

    We present the case of a 28-year-old woman who was admitted to our cardiology unit for acute coronary syndrome. Her history was notable for cardiovascular disease familiarity, active smoking, and oral contraceptive use. On further analysis, she was noted to have thrombophilic polymorphisms involving the plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genes. We discuss the implications that these cofactors may have had in the genesis of the disease. PMID:25587456