Science.gov

Sample records for 1960s civil rights

  1. Amistad Symposium on Southern Civil Rights Litigation Records for the 1960s (New Orleans, Louisiana, December 8-9, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillard Univ., New Orleans, LA. Armistad Research Center.

    This report contains transcripts of speeches given at the Amistad Symposium by lawyers, judges, and others active in the civil rights movement since the 1960s. Speakers include Clifton Johnson, J. Skelly Wright, John P. Nelson, Edwin King, Fred L. Banks, Jr., Lawrence A. Aschenbrenner, Frank R. Parker, Henry Schwarzschild, and Richard B. Sobol.…

  2. STATE EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY TO PROMOTE CIVIL RIGHTS, AN ACTION PROGRAM FOR THE 1960'S.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SILARD, JOHN

    THE QUESTIONS OF THE GOVERNOR'S POWER REGARDING CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUES WAS DISCUSSED. THROUGH THE "GOVERNOR'S CODE OF FAIR PRACTICES," WHICH BRIEFLY STATED THAT THE STATE'S BASIC POLICY WAS AGAINST DISCRIMINATION, THE GOVERNOR AS WELL AS ALL STATE OFFICIALS HAD SUFFICIENT POWER TO FIGHT DISCRIMINATION. THE OFFICIALS HAD FURTHER POWER WITH…

  3. Standing on a Strong Foundation of Servitude: The 1960's Civil Rights Movement, Septima Clark and Other South Carolina African American Women Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Iris Renell

    2012-01-01

    This research study examines nine African American women educators during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement in South Carolina. Additionally, the study conducts an analogous study of the lifeworks and contributions of Septima Clark, an African American woman educator who made significant community activist contributions during this period. For its…

  4. Hitchhiking to Visibility: Women's Rights Enactments in the 1960s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morain, Thomas

    Demands made by the feminist movement in the 1960s are examined, with particular emphasis on influences of the black civil rights movement on these demands. It is suggested that the black civil rights movement encouraged women to demand an end to institutional discrimination in matters of sex as well as race, push for sex discrimination amendments…

  5. The Geography of Riots and Civil Disorders in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, John S.

    1972-01-01

    Explores the psychological and physical environments that surrounded the riots and civil disorders of the 1960's. Urban blacks experienced a widening gap between sharply rising expectations and limited capabilities. Relative deprivation" seems to help account for rioting. (Author/JW)

  6. Civil Rights

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    EPA's Civil Rights Program enforces federal civil rights laws that prohibit discrimination against members of the public by recipients of EPA funds, and protects employees and applicants for employment from discrimination.

  7. "But burn - no": the rest of the crowd in three civil disorders in 1960s Chicago.

    PubMed

    Seligman, Amanda I

    2011-01-01

    Examining the internal dynamics of three civil disturbances on the West Side of Chicago during the late 1960s, this article describes the presence of numerous people who were not participating in the upheaval. It pays particular attention to “counterrioters,” civilian residents of the neighborhoods and members of local organizations, who tried to persuade those engaging in violence to stop. Local dissent from the tactic of violence suggests that historians should describe these events using the neutral language of social science rather than the politically loaded labels of “riot” or “rebellion.” The article argues that American historians of urban disorders should use the methods of European scholars of the crowd to study the actions of participants in order to ascertain their political content, rather than relying on an examination of their motives.

  8. Tenth Annual "Brown" Lecture in Education Research: A New Civil Rights Agenda for American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orfield, Gary

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the impacts of the civil rights policies framed in the 1960s and the anti-civil rights political and legal movements that reversed them. It documents rising segregation by race and poverty. The policy reversals and transformation of U.S. demography require a new civil rights strategy. Vast immigrations, the sinking White…

  9. A Strong Seed Planted: The Civil Rights Movement in St. Louis, 1954-1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    OAH Magazine of History, 1989

    1989-01-01

    Traces the history of the Civil Rights Movement in St. Louis, Missouri from 1954 to 1968. Provides a lesson plan on the movement. Includes editorials published in the "St. Louis Post Dispatch" on the civil rights activities of 1963. Outlines civil rights organizations of the 1960s. (RW)

  10. Righting Civil Wrongs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murrell, Dan S.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    The 1991 Civil Rights Act fills many gaps in existing employment laws, but its implications for higher education go beyond employment to admissions and students affairs. Trustees should direct administrators to review personnel policies and practices and liability insurance coverage in light of the new law. (Author/MSE)

  11. The Historical and Political Context of the Civil Rights of Persons with Disabilities: A Multicultural Perspective for Counselors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Middleton, Renee A.; Harley, Debra A.; Rollins, Carolyn W.

    1999-01-01

    Provides a historical link between the civil rights movement in the 1960s and the disability rights movement. The origins of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 are discussed from the sociopolitical context at the time of their passage. Links are drawn between these laws,…

  12. CIVIL RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NOAR, GERTRUDE

    A RESOURCE UNIT FOR TEACHERS IS PRESENTED. IT AIMS AT EXPLAINING THE RIGHTS AND LIBERTIES OF A CITIZEN, DEVELOPING THE PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS OF DEMOCRACY, AND DEVELOPING THE ABILITY TO THINK CRITICALLY ABOUT QUESTIONS OF INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES. SUGGESTED METHODS FOR TEACHING THE UNIT INVOLVED--THE USE OF CASE STUDIES, MASS MEDIA…

  13. The Third-Order Multiculturalism: Civil Rights, Diversity, and Equality in Korea's Multicultural Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Joon K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the politics of South Korea's multicultural discourse and locates its recent development in the context of a broader analytical discussion about multiculturalism. Utilizing the historical experience of the USA, this paper identifies the three orders of multiculturalism. Up until the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s,…

  14. 28 CFR 31.202 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 Civil rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal civil rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a civil rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...

  15. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  16. 28 CFR 31.202 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 Civil rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal civil rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a civil rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...

  17. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  18. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056 Agriculture... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance,...

  19. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  20. 28 CFR 31.202 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 Civil rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal civil rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a civil rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...

  1. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  2. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056 Agriculture... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance,...

  3. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056 Agriculture... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance,...

  4. 28 CFR 31.202 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 31.202 Section 31.202....202 Civil rights. (a) To carry out the State's Federal civil rights responsibilities the plan must: (1) Designate a civil rights contact person who has lead responsibility in insuring that all applicable...

  5. From Civil Rights to Human Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Julian

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the development of the "Deaf President Now" (DPN) movement and its similarities to the black civil rights movement. Movements typically begin with a concrete, precipitating event but are usually the result of known or shared incidents on the part of the participants, and the "Deaf President Now" movement…

  6. Hugo A. Owens: dentist, civil rights leader, politician.

    PubMed

    Rule, James T; Bebeau, Muriel J

    2008-01-01

    For 44 years Dr. Hugo A. Owens was a distinguished practitioner and community leader in Portsmouth, Virginia. Besides his affinity to for dentistry, he was driven by two other passions: politics and civil rights. In 1970 he was one of the first African-Americans elected to the Portsmouth City Council. He was reelected for the next term and appointed Vice Mayor, a position he held for eight years. His political successes were preceded by his activities as a civil rights leader, which began in 1950 and lasted through the 1960s. In a remarkable series of negotiations and litigations, Dr. Owens was the prime mover in the desegregation of the City of Portsmouth. In all three 'careers, Dr. Owens used dentistry as a home base for the expression of his activist philosophy of providing help for others when they were unable to do things for themselves.

  7. Getting the Civil War Right

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, James W.

    2011-01-01

    William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…

  8. The Civil Rights Act of 1990: Advancing Civil Rights?

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1990-01-01

    Executive Officer, Civilian Institution Programs DTIC S ELECTE OCT24 19901 76 UNCLASSIFIED 4 THE CIVIL FIGHTI’S ACI’ OCF 1990 ADVA~NCING CIVIL RIGHTS...where it recruits, where it advertises, when it 42 irntten statement of Lawrence Z. Lorber before the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources...S. at .TS. Wr:::en statement :f "haries Fr:ei ’efore ti. Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, ,4. at p,3. 22 Any reflection on how the

  9. 13 CFR 302.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 302.20 Section 302... TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.20 Civil rights. (a) Discrimination is prohibited... 601 of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.)...

  10. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  11. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that “no... the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... prohibition under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d and Title VI regulations...

  13. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on the... funds under the Act are also subject to the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  14. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer its... amended by Executive Order 12259, as applicable. The civil rights compliance requirements for RHS are in...

  15. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on the... funds under the Act are also subject to the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  16. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative agreement... Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d-2000d-4, and with the Secretary's regulations...

  17. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  18. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on the... funds under the Act are also subject to the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  19. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative agreement... Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d-2000d-4, and with the Secretary's regulations...

  20. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will be administered in accordance with applicable Federal Civil Rights Law. All grants made under this subpart...

  1. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  2. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that “no... the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act...

  3. The Transformed Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Since 1968, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has collected data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools for use by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), other Department offices, other federal agencies, and by policymakers and researchers outside of the Department. The CRDC has…

  4. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on the... funds under the Act are also subject to the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  5. 7 CFR 3555.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 3555.3 Section 3555.3 Agriculture... GUARANTEED RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM (Eff. 9-1-14) General § 3555.3 Civil rights. Rural Development, lenders, and.... Rural Development's civil rights compliance requirements are provided in 7 CFR part 1901, subpart E....

  6. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) and all requirements imposed by or pursuant...

  7. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will be administered in accordance with applicable Federal Civil Rights Law. All grants made under this subpart...

  8. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) and all requirements imposed by or pursuant...

  9. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative agreement... Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d-2000d-4, and with the Secretary's regulations...

  10. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  11. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer its... amended by Executive Order 12259, as applicable. The civil rights compliance requirements for RHS are in...

  12. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) and all requirements imposed by or pursuant...

  13. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer its... amended by Executive Order 12259, as applicable. The civil rights compliance requirements for RHS are in...

  14. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that “no... the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act...

  15. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) and all requirements imposed by or pursuant...

  16. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  17. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  18. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on the... funds under the Act are also subject to the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  19. 13 CFR 302.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 302.20 Section 302... TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.20 Civil rights. (a) Discrimination is prohibited... 601 of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.)...

  20. 13 CFR 302.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 302.20 Section 302... TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.20 Civil rights. (a) Discrimination is prohibited... 601 of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.)...

  1. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will be administered in accordance with applicable Federal Civil Rights Law. All grants made under this subpart...

  2. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer its... amended by Executive Order 12259, as applicable. The civil rights compliance requirements for RHS are in...

  3. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer its... amended by Executive Order 12259, as applicable. The civil rights compliance requirements for RHS are in...

  4. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that “no... the provisions of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act...

  5. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  6. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub. L. 88-352) and all requirements imposed by or pursuant...

  7. 13 CFR 302.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 302.20 Section 302... TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.20 Civil rights. (a) Discrimination is prohibited... 601 of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.)...

  8. 13 CFR 302.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 302.20 Section 302... TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR INVESTMENT ASSISTANCE § 302.20 Civil rights. (a) Discrimination is prohibited... 601 of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.)...

  9. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  10. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative agreement... Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d-2000d-4, and with the Secretary's regulations...

  11. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will be administered in accordance with applicable Federal Civil Rights Law. All grants made under this subpart...

  12. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will be administered in accordance with applicable Federal Civil Rights Law. All grants made under this subpart...

  13. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative agreement... Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d-2000d-4, and with the Secretary's regulations...

  14. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  15. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  16. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... programs: (1) Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA). (2) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (3) Title... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights....

  17. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... programs: (1) Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA). (2) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (3) Title... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights....

  18. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964; (2) Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, as amended; (3) Section 504... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning...

  19. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964; (2) Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, as amended; (3) Section 504... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning...

  20. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964; (2) Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, as amended; (3) Section 504... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning...

  1. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) and...

  2. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) and...

  3. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) and...

  4. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) and...

  5. Health care and civil rights: an introduction.

    PubMed

    Teitelbaum, Joel B

    2005-01-01

    This article offers a brief history of healthcare civil rights, describes a range of healthcare issues that have a civil rights component, and discusses the need for an expanded civil rights framework to guide the provision of health care. Unequal health care based on race and ethnicity has received renewed attention over the past several years, but healthcare discrimination based on socioeconomic status, disability, age, and gender also deserve careful attention.

  6. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health... Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252, 42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.) and...

  7. An End of Innocence: African-American High School Protest in the 1960s and 1970s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rury, John L.; Hill, Shirley

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers African-American student protests in secondary schools during the 1960s and early 1970s. Taking a national perspective, it charts a growing sense of independence and militancy among black students as they made the schools a focal point of activism. Activist students challenged established civil rights organisations on a…

  8. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  9. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  10. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  11. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  12. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  13. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  14. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  15. The Civil Rights Commission Must Persist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Gerald A.

    2007-01-01

    Columnist George Will and others have questioned the continuing need for a federal civil rights commission, because civil rights protections have been on the books since 1964. The chairman of the Commission, Gerald Reynolds, here responds that practitioners of critical legal theory, advocates of the Akaka-Secession bill, some proponents of…

  16. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  17. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  18. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  19. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  20. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  1. The State of Civil Rights: 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The review documents civil rights developments during 1976, concentrating on positive developments such as school desegregation, increased political participation by minorities and women, and on negative developments such as economic recession and inadequate civil rights enforcement. Section I provides information on the Supreme Court's 1976…

  2. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  3. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  4. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  5. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  6. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  7. Civil Rights and Japanese-American Internment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Greg; Hojo, Samantha; Lai, Selena; Mukai, Gary; Yoda, Steven

    Students may not be as familiar with the Asian American struggle for equal rights as they are with the black struggle for equal rights. But Asian Americans' civil rights have also been challenged and/or denied throughout their history in the United States. This curriculum module contains six lessons and can be used as a supplement to history…

  8. Civil Rights Era Movers and Shakers in Higher Education: From Grassroots to Curricular Reform at San Francisco State College, 1967-1969

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Carolyn J.

    2004-01-01

    Thoughts of college student protests during the late 1960's and early 1970's often ignite memories of demonstrations against the Vietnam War. Stories of college student activism during the these years underplay the Civil Rights focus of African American students that preceded and paralleled the more salient Vietnam War protests. Less attention in…

  9. 7 CFR 1738.17 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1738.17 Section 1738.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BROADBAND ACCESS LOANS AND LOAN GUARANTEES Loan Purposes and Basic Policies § 1738.17 Civil...

  10. 7 CFR 1738.17 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1738.17 Section 1738.17 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE RURAL BROADBAND ACCESS LOANS AND LOAN GUARANTEES Loan Purposes and Basic Policies § 1738.17 Civil...

  11. Globalization of Constitutional Law and Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissbrodt, David

    1993-01-01

    Two issues are discussed: (1) reasons for raising global and international human rights issues in constitutional law, civil rights, and administrative law courses in United States law schools; and (2) barriers to globalization of courses and ways to overcome them. (MSE)

  12. 14 CFR § 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. § 1274.924 Section § 1274... COMMERCIAL FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work on NASA cooperative agreements is subject to the provisions of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  13. Eleanor Roosevelt and Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkwood-Tucker, Toni Fuss

    2011-01-01

    Eleanor Roosevelt's support of African American rights was one of the highlights of her activities as first lady. Her fearless advocacy for justice pulled her into political controversies that were unprecedented for the wife of a president. The first lady's initiatives in support of the rights of African Americans offer students an excellent…

  14. Rights and Freedoms of Public School Students: Directions from the 1960s. ERIC/CEM State-of-the-Knowledge Series, Number Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaddy, Dale

    This monograph identifies the rights and freedoms of public school students at the secondary and elementary levels, and discusses the legal limitations or modifications that school officials can place on those rights and freedoms. For this paper, the reviewer investigated published and unpublished literature and the pertinent judicial decisions…

  15. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  16. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  17. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  18. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  19. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section... INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case in which the civil rights, powers, and duties of any person on Wake Island are not otherwise prescribed...

  20. A Lightning Rod on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healy, Patrick

    1999-01-01

    Examines the work of Norma V. Cantu, the head of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights and the controversy surrounding her tenure. Issues discussed include the range of concerns she must address, including affirmative action, gender equity in athletics, and college desegregation in the South, and her strategies for…

  1. Department of Education Revives Civil Rights Office

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finkel, Ed

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on the mission of the Office for Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Education to ensure equal access to education through compliance reviews. The Office hopes to use these reviews to provide technical assistance to help districts improve their performance. In late March, the Los Angeles Unified School District became the…

  2. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Margaret

    2004-01-01

    The year 2004 marks 40 years since Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and 50 years since the two historic Brown v. Board of Education cases. In recognition of the anniversaries, Americans are gathering to take stock of how much has been accomplished, and how much yet must be done to ensure equality for all. The substandard conditions in…

  3. Civil Rights Law and the Brown Decision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Jack

    The Brown decision of 1954 was the product of a planned program of litigation begun in the late 1920s and the early 1930s by a group of Black lawyers. Their work would not have succeeded if the ethos of the United States had not been changing simultaneously. The growth of a climate more conducive to civil rights is reflected in the presidential…

  4. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE BUREAU OF JUSTICE ASSISTANCE GRANT PROGRAMS Criminal Justice... person in any state shall on the ground of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex be...

  5. A Changing Climate for Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Edward B.

    1983-01-01

    Identifies trends likely to influence civil rights issues in the 1980s: new emphases on entrepreneurial thinking, self-reliance, and meritocracy; a new socioeconomic agenda; and growing expectations that business will fill the gap left by shrinking government budgets and will support efforts to end discrimination against minorities and women. (CMG)

  6. Section 504: Civil Rights for the Handicapped.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clelland, Richard

    Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 is the first major statutory civil rights enactment that protects handicapped individuals from discriminatory practices in employment and educational opportunities and in accessibility to federally supported programs and activities. The purpose of this handbook is to examine the statutory and…

  7. The Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Survey: An Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Defense Fund, Washington, DC.

    This report discusses the controversy over the Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Survey, which has been conducted since 1966 by the Office for Civil Rights to gather data to guide federal enforcement of children's civil rights in the public schools. Part 1 addresses the most commonly asked questions about the survey (eg., why it exists,…

  8. Civil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chun, Ki-Taek; Zalokar, Nadja

    In 1989, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a series of roundtable conferences to learn about the civil rights concerns of Asian Americans within their communities. Using information gathered at these conferences as a point of departure, the Commission undertook this study of the wide-ranging civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the…

  9. 25 CFR 273.42 - Civil Rights Act violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Civil Rights Act violations. 273.42 Section 273.42... Civil Rights Act violations. In no instance shall there be discrimination against Indians or schools... of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 exists within a State school district receiving...

  10. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities. 103... HOUSING FAIR HOUSING-COMPLAINT PROCESSING Purpose and Definitions § 103.5 Other civil rights authorities. In addition to the Fair Housing Act, other civil rights authorities may be applicable in a...

  11. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... requirements of title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended (the Fair Housing Act), are liable...

  12. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  13. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities. 103... HOUSING FAIR HOUSING-COMPLAINT PROCESSING Purpose and Definitions § 103.5 Other civil rights authorities. In addition to the Fair Housing Act, other civil rights authorities may be applicable in a...

  14. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities. 103... HOUSING FAIR HOUSING-COMPLAINT PROCESSING Purpose and Definitions § 103.5 Other civil rights authorities. In addition to the Fair Housing Act, other civil rights authorities may be applicable in a...

  15. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403 Section... Conditions and Assurances § 31.403 Civil rights requirements. The State assures that it will comply, and that... amended; (b) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended; (c) Section 504 of the...

  16. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  17. 25 CFR 273.42 - Civil Rights Act violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Civil Rights Act violations. 273.42 Section 273.42... Civil Rights Act violations. In no instance shall there be discrimination against Indians or schools... of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 exists within a State school district receiving...

  18. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  19. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  20. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403 Section... Conditions and Assurances § 31.403 Civil rights requirements. The State assures that it will comply, and that... amended; (b) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended; (c) Section 504 of the...

  1. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  2. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements. (a) What are the civil rights requirements that apply to CSFP? State and local agencies must...

  3. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  4. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  5. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403 Section... Conditions and Assurances § 31.403 Civil rights requirements. The State assures that it will comply, and that... amended; (b) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended; (c) Section 504 of the...

  6. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403 Section... Conditions and Assurances § 31.403 Civil rights requirements. The State assures that it will comply, and that... amended; (b) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended; (c) Section 504 of the...

  7. 25 CFR 273.42 - Civil Rights Act violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Civil Rights Act violations. 273.42 Section 273.42 Indians... Civil Rights Act violations. In no instance shall there be discrimination against Indians or schools... of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 exists within a State school district receiving...

  8. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  9. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  10. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities. 103... HOUSING FAIR HOUSING-COMPLAINT PROCESSING Purpose and Definitions § 103.5 Other civil rights authorities. In addition to the Fair Housing Act, other civil rights authorities may be applicable in a...

  11. 49 CFR 1.40 - Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Departmental Office of Civil Rights. 1.40 Section... AND DUTIES Office of the Secretary Ost Officials § 1.40 Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Departmental Office of Civil Rights serves as the Department's Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Officer...

  12. 49 CFR 1.40 - Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Departmental Office of Civil Rights. 1.40 Section... AND DUTIES Office of the Secretary Ost Officials § 1.40 Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Departmental Office of Civil Rights serves as the Department's Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Officer...

  13. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  14. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... requirements of title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended (the Fair Housing Act), are liable...

  15. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  16. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... requirements of title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended (the Fair Housing Act), are liable...

  17. 25 CFR 273.42 - Civil Rights Act violations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil Rights Act violations. 273.42 Section 273.42... Civil Rights Act violations. In no instance shall there be discrimination against Indians or schools... of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 exists within a State school district receiving...

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  19. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities. 103... HOUSING FAIR HOUSING-COMPLAINT PROCESSING Purpose and Definitions § 103.5 Other civil rights authorities. In addition to the Fair Housing Act, other civil rights authorities may be applicable in a...

  20. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403 Section... Conditions and Assurances § 31.403 Civil rights requirements. The State assures that it will comply, and that... amended; (b) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended; (c) Section 504 of the...

  1. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  2. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  3. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  4. 49 CFR 1.40 - Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... AND DUTIES Office of the Secretary Ost Officials § 1.40 Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Departmental Office of Civil Rights serves as the Department's Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Officer and... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Departmental Office of Civil Rights. 1.40...

  5. 7 CFR 2.25 - Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d), title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972... review of an administrative law judge decision is undertaken. (20) Provide civil rights and equal... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. 2.25 Section...

  6. Civil and Constitutional Rights of Adjudicated Youth.

    PubMed

    Landess, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    Mental health clinicians serving child and adolescent patients are frequently asked to evaluate youth who have been arrested for various offenses or who are otherwise involved with the juvenile justice system. To help orient clinicians and other stakeholders involved with such cases, this article describes the evolution of the juvenile justice system and summarizes the history and current status of the civil and constitutional rights of youth involved in the adjudicatory process. This article also points out key areas in which due process rights are still evolving, particularly in the case of status offenders.

  7. Federal Civil Rights Commitments: An Assessment of Enforcement Resources and Performance. United States Commission on Civil Rights Clearinghouse Publication 82.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This report reviews, in the context of their budget and staff resources, selected activities of six Federal agencies with significant responsibility for enforcing civil rights laws. They are: (1) the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights; (2) The Department of Health and Human Services' Office for Civil Rights; (3) the Department of…

  8. 75 FR 38824 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-029 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-06

    ...] Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL--029 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Records... system name is being changed to, ``Department of Homeland Security/ALL--029 Civil Rights and Civil... Rights and Civil Liberties, as well as all component offices that perform civil rights and...

  9. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: The President's 2006 Request

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Commission on Civil Rights, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The year 2005 marks 40 years since Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which was signed into effect by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the height of the Civil Rights Movement. But impediments to voting rights still exist, along with other civil rights problems. It is thus imperative that agencies be given the authority and adequate…

  10. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130...; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.130 Civil rights assurance. The State plan must include an assurance that the State will comply with all applicable civil...

  11. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130...; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.130 Civil rights assurance. The State plan must include an assurance that the State will comply with all applicable civil...

  12. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130...; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.130 Civil rights assurance. The State plan must include an assurance that the State will comply with all applicable civil...

  13. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130...; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.130 Civil rights assurance. The State plan must include an assurance that the State will comply with all applicable civil...

  14. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130...; State Plans for Child Health Insurance Programs and Outreach Strategies § 457.130 Civil rights assurance. The State plan must include an assurance that the State will comply with all applicable civil...

  15. The State of Civil Rights: 1977. A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This report reviews executive, legislative, and judicial actions, and other developments, favorable and unfavorable, that the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights considers critical to the national goals of eliminating discrimination and enhancing equal opportunity for all Americans. The areas of opportunity examined are employment, education, housing,…

  16. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... or having exercised their right under the Consumer Credit Protection Act, and in accordance with...

  17. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... or having exercised their right under the Consumer Credit Protection Act, and in accordance with...

  18. Policing, collective action and social movement theory: the case of the Northern Ireland civil rights campaign.

    PubMed

    Ellison, G; Martin, G

    2000-12-01

    In this paper we examine the relationship between social movements and the police through an analysis of the Civil Rights Movement (CRM) which emerged in the late 1960s in Northern Ireland. Following della Porta (1995) and Melucci (1996) we argue that the way in which episodes of collective action are policed can affect profoundly both levels of mobilization and the orientation of social movements. We also submit that the symbolic and representational dimensions of policing can be a significant trigger in the stimulation of identification processes and collective action. The paper concludes by questioning some of the assumptions contained within social movement theory, and their applicability to divided societies such as Northern Ireland.

  19. 18. INTERIOR OF CIVIL RIGHTS INSTITUTE, MILESTONE GALLERY EXHIBITION OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. INTERIOR OF CIVIL RIGHTS INSTITUTE, MILESTONE GALLERY EXHIBITION OF THE SIXTEENTH STREET CHURCH, LOOKING NORTHWEST - Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, 1530 Sixth Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

  20. Education of Gifted Students: A Civil Rights Issue?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, James J. Gallagher explains, in the context of education, that "civil rights" means the guarantee of equal opportunity and justice for all and the actions taken against those barriers that stand in the way of such equality. How does the issue of civil rights bear on an area of special education such as the education of…

  1. Bush Has Own View of Promoting Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses President Bush's own view of promoting civil rights. Mr. Bush has sought to redefine the discussion of civil rights in education. Instead of focusing on racial integration in public schools, for instance, the president has emphasized the achievement gap between minority and white students. He has spoken of school choice as a…

  2. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights...

  3. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights...

  4. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights...

  5. The Emerging Partnership in Human Service Civil Rights Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotson, Betty Lou

    1983-01-01

    Describes the objectives and activities of the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Civil Rights (OCR) within the purview of the Reagan administration's civil rights policy. Describes OCR methodologies designed to ensure enforcement of nondiscrimination requirements in state implementation of programs under federal block grants. (MJL)

  6. The Kentucky Civil Rights Act: Explanation, the Act, Regulations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky State Commission on Human Rights, Frankfort.

    The Kentucky Civil Rights Act, introduced on January 4, 1966, enacted January 27, 1966 and effective July 1, 1966 is said to meet the requirements of the Federal Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1968, the Act was amended to prohibit housing discrimination. In 1972, the coverage of the Act was extended to prohibit employment discrimination because of…

  7. New Civil Rights Act Coverages - Progress or Racism?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Galen

    1975-01-01

    The growing list of added coverages in state and local civil rights laws is diluting the fight against racial discrimination by weakening enforcement through loading civil rights agencies with many new areas of coverage which are diverting them from their original purpose of ending discrimination against racial and religious minorities. (EH)

  8. Teaching Students about Civil Rights Using Print Material and Photographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallmer, Denise

    2007-01-01

    The author describes teaching eighth-grade students about the civil rights movement. Teachers used photographs of students in the 1950s as a central theme of their unit about the U.S. civil rights movement. Using these photographs as a learning tool inspired the students to be engaged in history. At the end of the unit, students were able to…

  9. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Civil rights requirements. 891.820 Section 891.820 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT... § 891.820 Civil rights requirements. The mixed-finance development must comply with the following:...

  10. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Civil rights requirements. 891.820 Section 891.820 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT... § 891.820 Civil rights requirements. The mixed-finance development must comply with the following:...

  11. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil rights requirements. 891.820 Section 891.820 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... § 891.820 Civil rights requirements. The mixed-finance development must comply with the following:...

  12. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Civil rights requirements. 891.820 Section 891.820 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT... § 891.820 Civil rights requirements. The mixed-finance development must comply with the following:...

  13. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Civil rights requirements. 891.820 Section 891.820 Housing and Urban Development REGULATIONS RELATING TO HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT... § 891.820 Civil rights requirements. The mixed-finance development must comply with the following:...

  14. Civil Rights in Crisis: The Reagan Administration's Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroyer-Portillo, Janet

    This paper identifies major changes in the area of civil rights which have been instituted during President Reagan's term in office and discusses their implications for Hispanics. Section I briefly outlines central themes of the Administration's attitude towards civil rights. Questions about their negative impact on Hispanics are raised. The next…

  15. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: 2000 and Beyond.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Margaret; Kraus, Rebecca

    This study assessed the federal civil rights enforcement budget since fiscal year (FY) 1994, analyzing the effects of recent civil rights legislation and executive orders on workload levels and staff demands. It describes and analyzes the budget requests of the Clinton administration from FY 1994 to FY 2001 and the funding levels appropriated by…

  16. The Annual Civil Rights Compliance Report for Texas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas Education Agency, Austin.

    This report, which documents compliance of Texas vocational education programs with civil rights legislation in 1992-93, details the activities conducted by the Texas Education Agency to comply with Office of Civil Rights (OCR) guidelines under the Texas Methods of Administration plan. Presented in the first section are the following:…

  17. The Test of Our Progress: The Clinton Record on Civil Rights. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corinne M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    The first part of this report consists of the findings of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights on the record of the Clinton administration on civil rights. Six years into President Clinton's term, he continues to speak with understanding and empathy about the plight of people trapped in racial and ethnic isolation, but his administration has…

  18. Visual Culture Education in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalmers, Graeme

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author takes a look back at several scholars of the 1960s (Vincent Lanier, June King McFee, and Corita Kent) and their contributions to the discussion of visual culture in art education. He asserts that, though these scholars were not successful in implementing changes within their own time, their ideas provide powerful…

  19. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights

    MedlinePlus

    ... for Civil Rights Search U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Search Close HHS A-Z Index About ... opportunities to participate in certain health care and human services programs without unlawful discrimination. HIPAA - Health Information ...

  20. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and School Desegregation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsmith, Kory

    1991-01-01

    Discusses the history, legal standards, and enforcement procedures of Title IV and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the role those statutes have played in the federal enforcement of the equal protection clause. (82 references) (MLF)

  1. 75 FR 39266 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-029 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ... SECURITY Office of the Secretary Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-029 Civil Rights...,'' January 6, 2004. The system name is being changed to, ``Department of Homeland Security/ALL-029 Civil... Department Office for Civil Rights and Civil Liberties, as well as all component offices that perform...

  2. The Civil Rights of Students. Critical Issues in Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schimmel, David; Fischer, Louis

    This book is intended to help students, teachers, administrators, and parents become more aware of students' legal rights and more sensitive to arguments on both sides of current civil rights controversies. The authors attempt, whenever possible, to translate legal jargon into language more readily understood by laymen, and they rely primarily on…

  3. 7 CFR 2.300 - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. 2.300... Secretary for Civil Rights § 2.300 Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. Pursuant to § 2.25, the following delegation of authority is made by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights to the...

  4. 7 CFR 2.300 - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. 2.300... Secretary for Civil Rights § 2.300 Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. Pursuant to § 2.25, the following delegation of authority is made by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights to the...

  5. 7 CFR 2.300 - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. 2.300... Secretary for Civil Rights § 2.300 Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. Pursuant to § 2.88, the following delegation of authority is made by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights to the...

  6. 49 CFR 1.70 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Office of Civil Rights. 1.70 Section 1.70 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights is delegated... Secretarial officers concerning the implementation and enforcement of all civil rights laws, regulations...

  7. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights. 105-53.130-2 Section 105-53.130-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  8. 7 CFR 2.300 - Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. 2.300... Secretary for Civil Rights § 2.300 Deputy Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights. Pursuant to § 2.88, the following delegation of authority is made by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights to the...

  9. 49 CFR 1.70 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Office of Civil Rights. 1.70 Section 1.70 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights is delegated... Secretarial officers concerning the implementation and enforcement of all civil rights laws, regulations...

  10. Civil Rights: Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Amended 1972, 1975, 1978), Title VI, Title VII [and] Educational Amendments of 1972, Title IX. Legal Modules for Vocational Cooperative Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo.

    This module deals with various state and federal legislation pertaining to the civil rights of students enrolled in vocational cooperative programs in Michigan. Covered in the module are Title VI and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 as well as Michigan civil rights legislation. The module,…

  11. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements... racial/ethnic participation data and public notification of nondiscrimination policy. State and...

  12. Bringing Civil Rights Figures to the "Peace Table"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledbetter, Mary; Field, Sherry L.; Baumi, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    In a fifth grade classroom at The University of Texas Elementary School (UTES), a unit on the Constitution sets the stage for a year of integrated learning. The very next unit of study focuses on the civil rights movement. Teaching UTES students, who come from diverse backgrounds, means exposing them to many points of view so that they may form…

  13. The Office of Civil Rights and the Gifted: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karnes, Frances A.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    A study of 38 letters of finding examined the involvement of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in gifted education from 1992-95. Results indicate a majority of complaints handled by OCR involved minority access to gifted programs and an increase in the complaints involving gifted students with disabilities. (CR)

  14. Organizational Diversity, Vitality and Outcomes in the Civil Rights Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olzak, Susan; Ryo, Emily

    2007-01-01

    Sociologists often assert, but rarely test, the claim that organizational diversity benefits social movements by invigorating movement vitality and facilitating success. Our analysis of black civil rights organizations shows that goal and tactical diversity of a social movement is largely a function of organizational density, level of resources…

  15. Picturing Equality: Exploring Civil Rights' Marches through Photographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santoli, Susan; Vitulli, Paige; Giles, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Exploring controversial and difficult events and issues with young children can be challenging. The Civil Rights Movement is an abstract, perhaps remote, issue for young children today. However, it is an important part of our country's history and a theme worthy of study. This article suggests ways to use photographs to explore this mature subject…

  16. The Civil Rights Act and the Weight of History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Terrence G.

    2015-01-01

    This article briefly reviews the contributions to this volume and revisits the original focus of the Civil Rights Act (CRA). It considers how much progress has been made in addressing the original concerns regarding ethnic and racial discrimination that the act was intended to address and the intersection of language issues with them. The article…

  17. Cloture Motion to Cease Debate on 1964 Civil Rights Bill

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Lee Ann

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author examines the practice of the filibuster, using as the featured document the signed cloture motion in the Senate for an end to the filibuster to block the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The accompanying teaching activities enable teachers to introduce their classes to the history and practice of the filibuster. (Contains 1…

  18. Enforcement of Federal Civil Rights Laws in the Reagan Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    In this statement, William Bradford Reynolds, Assistant Attorney General, discusses the Federal government's enforcement policies and activities regarding equal employment opportunity, and defends the Reagan Administration and the Justice Department against charges cited in a report by the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Reynolds contends…

  19. Civil Rights in the '80's: The View from Justice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civiletti, Benjamin R.

    Progress in the area of civil rights attained under the Carter administration is described in this speech by the current United States Attorney General. Among the Federal activities mentioned are: (1) legal suits to end employment discrimination on the basis of race, sex, and national origin; (2) withholding of Federal funds from State and local…

  20. Civil Rights Issues Facing Arab Americans in Michigan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    This report is a summary statement of the Michigan Advisory Committee's study on civil rights issues facing Arab American communities in Michigan. It is based on information received by the Committee at a community forum held in Dearborn, Michigan, in 1999. Six sections focus on: (1) "Introduction," including Arab American demographics…

  1. Equity Overlooked: Charter Schools and Civil Rights Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2009-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) is in the midst of an analysis of rapidly growing charter school enrollment, which the authors anticipate releasing next month. Similar to trends described in their 2003 report and in other research on racial isolation in charter schools, they find higher levels of segregation for black students in charter schools…

  2. "Ebony's" Civil Rights Focus: A Study of Editorial Policy before and after the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atwater, Tony

    A comprehensive analysis of articles and editorials was performed on "Ebony" magazine editions published two years before and after the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The writings of the publisher were also studied, as were personal interviews with the editors of "Ebony." Editorial content was analyzed with respect to the major…

  3. The Tarnished Golden Door: Civil Rights Issues in Immigration; A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This report represents the findings and conclusions of the United States Commission on Civil Rights with respect to the administration of justice in the enforcement of the immigration laws of the United States. The first section discusses past and present discriminatory provisions of immigration laws. The second section focuses on problems in the…

  4. The Continuing Struggle: Civil Rights and the Clinton Administration. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corrine M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    In 1993 the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights concluded that the election of Bill Clinton as President presented a new opportunity to work toward equal opportunity. In 1995, at the midpoint of his first term, the Commission identified the new and often formidable challenges his administration was facing in dealing with issues of equal…

  5. Human rights, civil rights: prescribing disability discrimination prevention in packaging essential health benefits.

    PubMed

    Silvers, Anita; Francis, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    This article explores rights-based approaches to protecting disabled people against inequities in access to health care services. Understanding health care as a human right, as is found in the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (CRPD), fails to provide theoretical machinery for responding to certain pressing challenges. An alternative account, understanding health care as a civil right, proves more promising. This latter approach then is applied to the right to health care under the U.S. Affordable Care Act (ACA), which contains provisions that could be antithetical to, and thus fail to comply with, the nondiscrimination standard of meaningful access to health care benefits.

  6. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its substantive achievements in FY 2006. OCR's mission is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights. This report details OCR's accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws…

  7. 76 FR 20821 - Proposed Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint); Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint); Comment Request AGENCY...'s civil rights discrimination complaint. DATES: Written comments and recommendations on the proposed.... Title: Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint, VA Form 10-0381. OMB Control Number: 2900-0662. Type...

  8. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Exemption of Civil Rights Division....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... on Employment Civil Rights Matters Referred by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

  9. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights... Civil Rights Compliance Reviews To: Administrator, FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

  10. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Exemption of Civil Rights Division....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... on Employment Civil Rights Matters Referred by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

  11. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to... OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  12. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Exemption of Civil Rights Division....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... on Employment Civil Rights Matters Referred by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

  13. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Exemption of Civil Rights Division....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... on Employment Civil Rights Matters Referred by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

  14. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Exemption of Civil Rights Division....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... on Employment Civil Rights Matters Referred by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission...

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to Subpart... OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  16. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights... Civil Rights Compliance Reviews To: Administrator, FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

  17. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to... OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  18. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights... Civil Rights Compliance Reviews To: Administrator, FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

  19. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to... OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  20. 49 CFR 1.41 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Office of Civil Rights. 1.41 Section 1.41 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights is delegated authority to conduct all stages of the formal employment...

  1. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B... AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights... Civil Rights Compliance Reviews To: Administrator, FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

  2. 49 CFR 1.41 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Office of Civil Rights. 1.41 Section 1.41 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights is delegated authority to conduct all stages of the formal employment...

  3. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., equal employment opportunity, and civil rights. It is the focal point for the agency's implementation of... Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972... Civil Rights. 105-53.130-2 Section 105-53.130-2 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  4. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ..., equal employment opportunity, and civil rights. It is the focal point for the agency's implementation of... Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972... Civil Rights. 105-53.130-2 Section 105-53.130-2 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  5. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., equal employment opportunity, and civil rights. It is the focal point for the agency's implementation of... Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972... Civil Rights. 105-53.130-2 Section 105-53.130-2 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  6. 49 CFR 1.41 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Office of Civil Rights. 1.41 Section 1.41 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation... the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights. The Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights is delegated authority to conduct all stages of the formal employment...

  7. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., equal employment opportunity, and civil rights. It is the focal point for the agency's implementation of... Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Educational Amendments Act of 1972... Civil Rights. 105-53.130-2 Section 105-53.130-2 Public Contracts and Property Management...

  8. A Bridge to One America: The Civil Rights Performance of the Clinton Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraus, Rebecca S.; Chambers, David R.

    This report assesses the civil rights record of Bill Clinton's presidential administration, examining progress made in federal civil rights law enforcement and policy development. Four sections include: (1) "Introduction: The Clinton Presidency in Perspective" (the civil rights landscape and continuing relevance of the fight for civil…

  9. The Impact of the Civil Rights Movement on the Women's Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, Karen

    1988-01-01

    States that the civil rights movements served as a catalyst to women in working for their own rights. Points out that the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) Women's Rights Project, modeled after the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Legal Defense fund, led the litigation battles for women's rights. Lists…

  10. 75 FR 27815 - Civil Rights Division; Disability Rights Section: Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Discrimination Complaint Form. The Department of Justice, Civil Rights... Americans with Disabilities Act/Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Discrimination Complaint Form... discrimination by public entities based on disability. Under title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act,...

  11. Statement before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, on the Operations of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, William J.

    This report presents the findings of an investigation and audit of certain aspects of the operations of the United States Commission on Civil Rights commissioned by the Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. First, each allegation made against the Commission is briefly outlined and then findings are discussed…

  12. Ten-Year Check-Up: Have Federal Agencies Responded to Civil Rights Recommendations? Volume I: A Blueprint for Civil Rights Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rudert, Eileen; Alba, Manuel; Zieseniss, Mireille; Wolf, Michael

    During the 1990s, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights issued reports evaluating the operations of 11 major federal civil-rights enforcement agencies. The reports focused on the enforcement process. From these original reports rose a series of subsequent reports of federal implementation of recommendations for enforcement. This report catalogs and…

  13. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  14. The Reconstruction of Southern Education: The Schools and the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orfield, Gary

    This book discusses the history of the segregation issue from before the Civil War through the Johnson administration, the struggle between the Federal and State governments over the 1954 Supreme Court ruling to abolish segregated education, the emergence of civil rights as a national issue, and the passing of civil rights legislation under the…

  15. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  16. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  17. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  18. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  19. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  20. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  1. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  2. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1... Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business and Civil Rights— (a) Develops and implements an effective small and disadvantaged business program...

  3. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. 108.21 Section 108.21 Housing and Urban Development Regulations... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil...

  4. Esther McCready, RN: Nursing Advocate for Civil Rights

    PubMed

    Pollitt, Phoebe A

    2016-02-15

    More than a decade before the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as an African American teenager from Baltimore, Maryland, Esther McCready challenged the discriminatory admissions policies of the University of Maryland School of Nursing (UMSON). The article explores nurse advocacy and how Esther McCready advocated for herself and greater racial equity in nursing education during a time of civil rights turmoil. Her actions eventually resulted in the formation of numerous schools of nursing for African Americans across the south. This article recounts McCready’s early life experiences and the powerful impact her actions had on creating educational options for nurses during a time when they were severely limited for African American women, including discussion of her student days at UMSON and her journey after nursing school. A review of pertinent legal cases and policies related to segregation and integration of higher education in the mid-twentieth century is presented, along with details of McCready’s continued education and advocacy.

  5. Integrated human rights and poverty eradication strategy: the case of civil registration rights in Zimbabwe.

    PubMed

    Musarandega, Reuben

    2009-01-01

    High poverty levels characterise sub-Saharan Africa, Zimbabwe included. Over 80 per cent of Zimbabwe's population lived below the total consumption poverty line and 70 per cent below the food poverty line in 2003. This plummeting of social indicators resulted from the freefall suffered by the country's economy from the 1990s, after unsuccessful attempts to implement structural adjustment programmes prescribed by international financial institutions. The ensuing socioeconomic decay, political crisis and international isolation of the country from the late 1990s reversed gains made in social indicators during the 1980s. Development theories attribute poverty to unchecked population growth, political, economic and environmental mismanagement, while developing countries' leaders attribute it to historical imbalances and global political and economic injustices. Despite this debate, poverty continues to evolve, expand and deepen and the need to eradicate it has become urgent. The complex question of what causes and what drives poverty is perpetually addressed and new ideas are emerging to answer the question. One recent view is that failure to centre development on people and to declare poverty a violation of human rights has allowed poverty to grow the world over. This study uses a hypothesised cause of poverty - civil registration - to exemplify the human right nature of poverty, and how a human rights' policy can be used as an instrument to eradicate poverty. The study demonstrates that civil registration is a right of instrumental relevance to poverty; and achieving civil registration grants people access to numerous other rights, some of which will lift them out of poverty, while the failure of civil registration deprives people of access to livelihoods, thereby entrenching them in poverty.

  6. Hospitals and Civil Rights, 1945-1963: the case of Simkins v Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital.

    PubMed

    Reynolds, P P

    1997-06-01

    In the 1960s, the legacy of discrimination against black persons still existed in all areas of medicine. This historical analysis investigates the strategies that were used by lawyers alongside physicians, dentists, and patients in elevating health care for black persons. Primary resources include oral histories, government documents, hospital records, archival and personal manuscripts, and professional and hospital periodicals. After World War II, leaders in the black community were determined to improve health care for black persons by ending discrimination in hospital policies and practices. Leaders of professional organizations developed a collaborative strategy that involved the court system, federal legislation, and research and education of the public and health professionals to integrate the hospital system rather than to expand the existing separate-but-equal system. Efforts culminated in the case of Simkins v Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital; this case became the landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court and led to the elimination of segregated health care. Three months after the case, President Johnson ratified the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which included Title VI, thus extending the policy of equality to all federal programs. Laying a foundation for universal access to health care in the United States depended on a victory in the courts, in national health legislation, and in public opinion. All were achieved through strategic efforts to amass widespread support for the elimination of discrimination in medicine.

  7. Civil rights in a changing health care system.

    PubMed

    Rosenbaum, S; Serrano, R; Magar, M; Stern, G

    1997-01-01

    Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibits discriminatory conduct by recipients of federal financial assistance. The law has been used in the past to challenge discrimination in health care. The evolution of the health care system from fee-for-service to managed care holds much promise for minority persons, who historically have faced serious, extensively documented barriers to health care access. However, managed care providers, like their fee-for-service counterparts, may perpetuate past discriminatory practices in new ways. Understanding new forms of discrimination is important at this stage of the development of managed care, when program design and policy action can most effectively prevent the occurrence of such practices.

  8. Civil Rights Issues Facing the Blind and Visually Impaired in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Springfield.

    This report is the result of a conference that examined major civil rights issues facing people who are blind and visually impaired in Illinois and is intended to inform the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concerning issues of equal protection. The introductory chapter reviews leading types and causes of blindness and visual impairment, incidence…

  9. 75 FR 60757 - Office for Civil Rights; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... Department's chief officer and adviser to the Secretary for the enforcement of civil rights and privacy and security rules, including the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rules and the Patient Safety and Quality... ] relating to civil rights and the privacy and security rules and for liaising with other Federal...

  10. Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Efforts in Mid-America. A Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    This report summarizes a 1983 study, following previous research by the United States Commission on Civil Rights. The study examined several aspects of civil rights programs within federal agencies in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska: distribution of authority and resources, accomplishments in 1980, and plans for 1983. Information was obtained…

  11. Nine for Equality Under Law: Civil Rights Litigation. A Report to the Ford Foundation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Robert B.

    This report reviews the litigation activities of the nine organizations which received financial assistance from the Ford Foundation to assess the usefulness of litigation as a means of advancing Constitutional civil rights. The litigation activities of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, and the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under…

  12. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to... SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance...

  13. Office for Civil Rights: Ensuring Equal Access to Quality Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This brochure describes the activities of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the U.S. Department of Education. The OCR is a law-enforcement agency charged with upholding the federal civil-rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, and age in programs and activities that receive federal…

  14. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This report covers the activities of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) from October 1, 2002, to September 30, 2003. In addition to describing OCR's civil rights compliance program, the report demonstrates how OCR is able to make a real difference in the lives of students. 2004 marks a special year in America's…

  15. Lost Opportunities: The Civil Rights Record of the Bush Administration Mid-Term.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liss, Susan M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    This study of the civil rights policies and practices of the Bush Administration reviews the first 2 years of that administration's actions, presents recommendations for the future, and offers a series of working papers prepared by experts in the civil rights field. Part 1 of two major parts presents the actual report of the Citizen's Commission…

  16. The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume 3: To Ensure Equal Educational Opportunity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Whitney; And Others

    In October 1970 the Commission on Civil Rights published its first evaluation of the federal government's efforts to end discrimination against the nation's minority and female citizens. This document, third in a series of six, evaluates three federal agencies and determines how well they have done their civil rights enforcement jobs. The…

  17. Mechanisms for the Implementation of Civil Rights Guarantees by Educational Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Paul T.; Rettig, Richard A.

    This report derives from a study of the implementation of civil rights guarantees by elementary, secondary, and higher education institutions. The study was commissioned by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) with the objective of determining whether the OCR should more closely monitor and enforce compliance with Federal regulations concerning the…

  18. The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume II: To Provide ... For Fair Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Grace M.; And Others

    This report evaluates the Civil Rights activities of seven federal agencies with fair housing responsibilities. It is the second of a series of six reports to be issued by the Commission on Civil Rights describing the structure, mechanisms, and procedures utilized by the federal departments and agencies in their effort to end discrimination…

  19. 76 FR 35949 - Agency Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint) Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Health Administration... refer to ``OMB Control No. 2900-0662.'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Civil Rights Discrimination... complaint of the alleged discrimination. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not...

  20. Civil Rights Groups Split over NCLB: Accountability Provisions Stirring Heated Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Karla Scoon

    2005-01-01

    Leading national civil rights groups and advocates are increasingly divided over whether the No Child Left Behind Act will improve the academic achievement of poor and minority students, a rift that is generating conversation and concern among a circle of people accustomed to working together. Few civil rights advocates disagree with the law's…

  1. The Freedom Schools, the Civil Rights Movement, and Refocusing the Goals of American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Jon N.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the history of the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Schools to illustrate how integrating the Civil Rights Movement into the social studies curriculum refocuses the aims of American education on participatory democracy. Teaching the Civil Rights Movement and employing the teaching strategies used in the Freedom Schools leads to the…

  2. Politics, Civil Rights, and Disproportional Identification of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.; Landrum, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    The civil rights movements involving skin tone, gender or gender orientation, disability, and other physiognomic features remain important in securing the legal rights of individuals to equal treatment and equal opportunities regardless of their personal characteristics of color, origin, gender, and so on. Unfortunately, these welcome civil rights…

  3. Reinvigorating the Teaching of the Civil Rights Movement: The Praxis Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Caskey; Rios, Francisco; Zamudio, Margaret; Bridgeman, Jacquelyn

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the work and findings of the Praxis Project: a group of university educators who worked with elementary and secondary school teachers in a professional development setting to reinvigorate their civil rights pedagogy. The Praxis group created a "Six Category Model for Teaching Civil Rights" and used that model as a…

  4. "Fleshing Out Consensus": Radical Pragmatism, Civil Rights, and the Algebra Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wahman, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    It has been said that pragmatism's "merely instrumental" truths fail to motivate radical change whereas absolute ideals make excellent guiding and driving forces for justice. However, in "Radical Equations: Math Literacy and Civil Rights," Robert Moses speaks of the radical success of pragmatic principles, used in the Civil Rights Movement, that…

  5. Civil Rights Issues of Asian and Pacific Americans: Myths and Realities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chin, Laura, Ed.; And Others

    This report contains papers presented and the transcripts of proceedings of a consultation to the United States Commission on Civil Rights on the civil rights of Asian and Pacific Americans. The proceedings are divided into nine sections. Each section contains the transcripts of summarized presentations of papers, discussions on each topic, and…

  6. Annual Report to Congress of the Office for Civil Rights. Fiscal Years 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This paper is the Office for Civil Rights's (OCR's) "Annual Report to Congress" for fiscal years 2007 and 2008. This report details OCR's accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws under which OCR has been granted jurisdiction to address and remedy discrimination. These enforcement efforts include complaint investigation and resolution,…

  7. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This report details the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights' (OCRs') accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws under which OCR has been granted jurisdiction to address and remedy discrimination. These enforcement efforts include complaint investigation and resolution, compliance reviews and technical assistance, as well…

  8. Civil Rights Enforcement Gone Haywire: The Federal Government's New School-Discipline Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Richard A.

    2014-01-01

    In January, 2014, the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Office for Civil Rights in the Department of Education (ED) issued a joint "Dear Colleague Letter" to K-12 schools. The topic discussed in their joint letter is whether administrators are punishing minority children more harshly than white children for…

  9. Complicating the Rhetoric: How Racial Construction Confounds Market-Based Reformers' Civil Rights Invocations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernández, Laura E.

    2016-01-01

    Reformers today maintain the use of civil rights rhetoric when advocating for policies that address educational inequity. While continuing the legacy of earlier civil rights activists, the leaders invoking this rhetoric and the educational platforms they promote differ greatly from previous decades. Not only does this new crop of reformers differ…

  10. What Employment Counselors Need to Know about Employment Discrimination and the Civil Rights Act of 1991.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagen, Janet W.; Hagen, Willis W., III

    1995-01-01

    Reviews the major components of the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1991, and advocates a proactive approach to using equal opportunity law in employment counseling. The Civil Rights Act of 1991 enabled plaintiffs to more readily bring a discrimination case in terms of either disparate treatment or impact, a modification applicable to employment…

  11. Hearing Before the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Phoenix, Arizona, November 17-18, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held two days of hearings in Phoenix to investigate the civil rights status of Arizona Indian Tribes, to ascertain the nature and extent of their problems, and to try to arrive at a means to rectify those problems. The testimony offered at the public session came from representatives of local, state, Federal and…

  12. The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume 6: To Extend Federal Financial Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The report evaluates the civil rights activities of several Federal agencies with responsibilities for ensuring nondiscrimination toward women and minorities in their Federally assisted programs under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The agencies reviewed are the Extension Service of the Department of Agriculture; the Health and Social…

  13. Civil Rights Project's Response to "Re-Analysis" of Charter School Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) was founded, in part, to bring rigorous social science inquiry to bear on the most pressing civil rights issues. On-going trends involving public school segregation have been a primary focus of the CRP's research, and the expanding policy emphasis on school choice prompted analysis of the much smaller--but…

  14. "We Face a Moral Crisis:" John F. Kennedy's Commitment to Civil Rights, June 11, 1963.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyons, Thomas T.

    1995-01-01

    Traces the slow, incremental journey of President John F. Kennedy from a cautious supporter of civil rights to an ardent advocate. Until his June 11, 1963 televised presidential address, Kennedy's commitment to civil rights was weakened by his desire to avoid political conflict with southern democrats. (MJP)

  15. Civil Rights and Social Justice: A Path to Engagement and Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golod, Flo

    2008-01-01

    When one listens to Southside Family Charter School kids articulate the lessons they've learned from the school's civil rights curriculum, it's clear that demographic descriptors often lead to low expectations. These kids are articulate, knowledgeable, and deeply engaged in their study of the civil rights movement. They bring the same competence…

  16. Historians Urge Full Accounts of the 1960's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winkler, Karen J.

    1988-01-01

    According to some historians, many scholars studying the 1960s have ignored key aspects of the decade, including the conservative movement in American politics, the contributions of women, continuity in a time of social change, and the economic results of activism. (MSE)

  17. Civil Liberty Woes When Dealing with Uncivil Foes: The Effect of Civil Liberties and Human Right on Counterterrorism Operations

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2014-05-15

    Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker, “Civil Liberties in the Struggle Against Terror,” In Legal Issues in the Struggle Against Terror, edited by John Norton Moore...Right, 43. 14 Ibid, 43-44. 15 Matthew Dalton , "EU Court’s Ruling Deals a Blow to Counterterror Efforts: Saudi Buisnessman’s Removal From List is... Dalton , "EU Court’s Ruling Deals a Blow to Counterterror Efforts” 9 European allies’ emphasis on protecting civil liberties and human rights over the

  18. Chapter 1 of the U.S. EPA’s External Civil Rights Compliance Office Compliance Toolkit: Chapter 1, transmittal letter, and FAQs

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    This document contains Chapter 1: Application of the federal civil rights laws and the civil rights legal standards used in investigating and resolving civil rights complaints at EPA, transmittal letter and FAQs.

  19. 77 FR 19943 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; DOT/ALL 24-Departmental Office of Civil Rights...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ...; DOT/ALL 24-- Departmental Office of Civil Rights System System of Records AGENCY: Department of... updated and reissued system of records titled, ``DOT/ALL 24-- Departmental Office of Civil Rights System.../ALL 24--Departmental Office of Civil Rights System'' from one or more provisions of the Privacy...

  20. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964--Ten Years Later. An Anniversary Progress Report, July 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    This report reflects not only the Department of Health, Education and Welfare's accomplishments in civil rights since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but also describes the areas encompassed by HEW's current and future civil rights activities. From the early and primary emphasis on school desegregation in the southern and border…

  1. 29 CFR 37.15 - What are the Director's responsibilities to coordinate with other civil rights agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... other civil rights agencies? 37.15 Section 37.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION... civil rights agencies? (a) Whenever a compliance review or complaint investigation under this part... other Federal civil rights law, that is not also a violation of the nondiscrimination and...

  2. 25 CFR 12.54 - What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Conduct § 12.54 What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated? All allegations of civil rights violations must be reported immediately to the internal...

  3. 25 CFR 12.54 - What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Conduct § 12.54 What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated? All allegations of civil rights violations must be reported immediately to the internal...

  4. 25 CFR 12.54 - What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Conduct § 12.54 What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated? All allegations of civil rights violations must be reported immediately to the internal...

  5. 25 CFR 12.54 - What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Conduct § 12.54 What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated? All allegations of civil rights violations must be reported immediately to the internal...

  6. 25 CFR 12.54 - What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been... INDIAN COUNTRY LAW ENFORCEMENT Conduct § 12.54 What can I do if I believe my civil rights have been violated? All allegations of civil rights violations must be reported immediately to the internal...

  7. 76 FR 73985 - Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... Opportunity (FHEO) supersedes all redelegations of authority under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d) and its implementing regulations (24......

  8. 29 CFR 37.15 - What are the Director's responsibilities to coordinate with other civil rights agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... other civil rights agencies? 37.15 Section 37.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION... civil rights agencies? (a) Whenever a compliance review or complaint investigation under this part... other Federal civil rights law, that is not also a violation of the nondiscrimination and...

  9. 29 CFR 37.15 - What are the Director's responsibilities to coordinate with other civil rights agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... other civil rights agencies? 37.15 Section 37.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION... civil rights agencies? (a) Whenever a compliance review or complaint investigation under this part... other Federal civil rights law, that is not also a violation of the nondiscrimination and...

  10. 29 CFR 37.15 - What are the Director's responsibilities to coordinate with other civil rights agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... other civil rights agencies? 37.15 Section 37.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION... civil rights agencies? (a) Whenever a compliance review or complaint investigation under this part... other Federal civil rights law, that is not also a violation of the nondiscrimination and...

  11. 29 CFR 37.15 - What are the Director's responsibilities to coordinate with other civil rights agencies?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... other civil rights agencies? 37.15 Section 37.15 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION... civil rights agencies? (a) Whenever a compliance review or complaint investigation under this part... other Federal civil rights law, that is not also a violation of the nondiscrimination and...

  12. Hearing Before the United States Commission on Civil Rights, San Antonio, Texas, December 9-14, 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The United States Commission on Civil Rights held hearings in San Antonio, Texas from December 9 to 14, 1968 under the authority of the Civil Rights Act of 1957. The purpose of the hearing was to collect information regarding the civil rights problems of Mexican Americans in the five Southwestern States. Of concern were the issues of education,…

  13. Rights at Risk: Equality in an Age of Terrorism. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piche, Dianne M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.; Reed, Robin A., Ed.

    This volume chronicles the progress of the administration, executive branch agencies, and Congress in ending discrimination and advancing civil rights. The study has 21 chapters in 2 parts. Part one includes: (1) "Rights at Risk"; and (2) "Recommendations of the Commission." Part two includes a series of working papers prepared…

  14. Statement by Martin H. Gerry, Director, Office for Civil Rights, Department of Health, Education and Welfare.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerry, Martin H.

    This is a letter to Chancellor Irving Anker of the Board of Education of the City of New York from the Office of Civil Rights, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. The letter concerns the results of an investigation concerning discrimination in the New York City public schools. This compliance review is the largest civil rights…

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B...) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil...

  16. Science education as a civil right: Urban schools and opportunity-to-learn considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tate, William

    2001-11-01

    In this article I make the case that urban science education is a civil rights issue and that to effectively address it as such we must shift from arguments for civil rights as shared physical space in schools to demands for high-quality academic preparation that includes the opportunity to learn science. The argument is organized into two sections: first, a review of the school desegregation literature to make the case that urban science education for all is a civil rights issue; and second, an examination and critique of opportunity-to-learn literature, including an analysis of three opportunity-to-learn constructs to illustrate their potential as civil rights tools in science education.

  17. 77 FR 66465 - Office of Civil Rights; Submission for OMB Review; Nondiscrimination in Federal Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ....gov , including any personal and/or business confidential information provided. SUPPLEMENTARY... ADMINISTRATION Office of Civil Rights; Submission for OMB Review; Nondiscrimination in Federal Financial... nondiscrimination in Federal Financial Assistance Programs. This information is needed to...

  18. Clair Engle and the brain tumor that almost derailed the Civil Rights Act.

    PubMed

    Son, Colin

    2015-07-01

    Senator Clare Engle was a United States senator from California who cast an important vote to end the filibuster of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, even as a brain tumor had left him with an expressive aphasia and would claim his life just a month later. This paper reviews the history of Senator Engle's illness in parallel with that of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

  19. Identifying and Investigating the Late-1960s Interhemispheric SST Shift

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedman, A. R.; Lee, S. Y.; Liu, Y.; Chiang, J. C. H.

    2014-12-01

    The global north-south interhemispheric sea surface temperature (SST) difference experienced a pronounced and rapid decrease in the late 1960s, which has been linked to drying in the Sahel, South Asia, and East Asia. However, some basic questions about the interhemispheric SST shift remain unresolved, including its scale and whether the constituent changes in different basins were coordinated. In this study, we systematically investigate the spatial and temporal behavior of the late-1960s interhemispheric SST shift using ocean surface and subsurface observations. We also evaluate potential mechanisms using control and specific-forcing CMIP5 simulations. Using a regime shift detection technique, we identify the late-1960s shift as the most prominent in the historical observational SST record. We additionally examine the corresponding changes in upper-ocean heat content and salinity associated with the shift. We find that there were coordinated upper-ocean cooling and freshening in the subpolar North Atlantic, the region of the largest-magnitude SST decrease during the interhemispheric shift. These upper-ocean changes correspond to a weakened North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC). However, the THC decrease does not fully account for the rapid global interhemispheric SST shift, particularly the warming in the extratropical Southern Hemisphere.

  20. In Support of Civil Rights: Taking On the Initiative. LEAP (Leadership Education for Asian Pacifics, Inc.) Special Report, Proposition 209, "The California Civil Rights Initiative."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leadership Education for Asian Pacifics (LEAP) Asian Pacific American Policy Inst.

    Proposition 209 is a statewide constitutional amendment initiative in California, which, if passed in November 1996, will eliminate all statewide affirmative action programs. It is argued that, contrary to its title, this amendment is an extreme and unnecessary measure that will actually undermine further advances in civil rights. There are…

  1. New Challenges: The Civil Rights Record of the Clinton Administration Mid-Term. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corrine M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    This report is the work of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights, a bipartisan group of former federal officials with responsibility for equal opportunity. Part 1 contains three chapters: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Executive Summary and Review"; and (3) "Recommendations of the Commission." Part 2 contains the…

  2. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1999. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) during fiscal year 1999. It describes the strategies that were used to implement fair, efficient, and effective enforcement of the civil-rights laws, as well as reforms that ranged from a redesigned case process that focuses on resolution to attaining civil-rights…

  3. Civil Rights Continued: How History Positions Young People to Contemplate Sexuality (In)justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Sandra J.

    2014-01-01

    Same-sex marriage is part of a global civil rights struggle for LGBQ rights. How this movement is framed, advanced, and critiqued across the globe can be linked to how young people in schools are prepared to deliberate social issues in the political sphere. This article examines national history books as cultural artifacts that present what is…

  4. 77 FR 23229 - Submission for OMB Review; Assurance of Compliance-Civil Rights Certificate

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... Rights (OCR) has enforcement responsibilities under several civil rights laws, including Title VI, Title IX, Section 504, the Age Discrimination Act, and the Boy Scouts of America Equal Access Act. To meet... mailed to ICDocketMgr@ed.gov or faxed to 202- 401-0920. Please specify the complete title of...

  5. Teaching about Gay Civil Rights: U.S. Courts and the Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Robert W.; Cruz, Bárbara C.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors explore the timely and sometimes controversial topic of gay civil rights and how the attendant issues might be taught in the social studies classroom. Many teachers shy away from teaching students about gay rights issues for a variety of reasons including personal beliefs, a lack of instructional time as a result of…

  6. The Rights of Indians and Tribes. An American Civil Liberties Union Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pevar, Stephen L.

    Published in cooperation with the American Civil Liberties Union, the guide sets forth the rights of American Indians under the present law and offers suggestions on how these rights can be protected. Using a question and answer format, the book covers the changes in Indian policies from the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 to the present day,…

  7. Notes on the Human and Civil Rights of Handicapped People to Recreation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesbitt, John A.

    The author considers the recreation rights of handicapped individuals with particular emphasis on three pieces of federal legislation--Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973. The following areas are addressed: facilities, equipment,…

  8. One Nation, Indivisible: The Civil Rights Challenge for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Govan, Reginald C., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    This report reviews and summarizes 28 reports on the status and enforcement of civil rights legislation. All aspects of federal law and policy that deal with equal opportunity for racial and ethnic minorities, women and the elderly are investigated in the following areas: (1) administration of justice; (2) education; (3) employment rights; (4)…

  9. The Southwest Indian Report. A Report of the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, May 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, John H., Jr.; And Others

    The investigation of civil rights violations for American Indians in Arizona and New Mexico covers Federal, state, and local employment; elementary, secondary, and higher education; and health needs, especially the Indian Health Service. It also discusses urban and reservation administration of justice and water rights. Conclusions and…

  10. 75 FR 11911 - Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-12

    ... of the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The Department of Justice (DOJ), Civil Rights Divisions (CRT) will... instructions or additional information, please contact Robert S. Berman, U.S. Department of Justice, Voting... respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or...

  11. An Anatomy of the 1960s Atlantic Cooling.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hodson, Dan; Robson, Jon; Sutton, Rowan

    2014-05-01

    North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperatures (SSTs) exhibited pronounced multidecadal variability during the 20th Century. In particular, the North Atlantic SSTs exhibited a rapid warming between 1920 and 1940 followed by a rapid cooling between 1960 and 1980. SSTs outside the North Atlantic display a much smaller level of decadal variability over the 20th Century. This pattern of North Atlantic warming and cooling has been linked to subsequent changes in rainfall over the Sahel and Nordeste Brazil, Summertime North American Climate and Atlantic Hurricane Genesis. Several hypotheses for the rapid 1960s Atlantic cooling have been proposed, including a reduction in northward ocean heat transport due to a reduced Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) and the significant rise in anthropogenic sulphur dioxide emissions during the latter half of the 20th century. Here we examine the observed 1960s Atlantic cooling in more detail. We describe the evolution of the rapid cooling by constructing a detailed multivariate anatomy of the cooling period in order to illuminate the possible explanations and mechanisms involved. We show that the observed 1960s cooling began around 1964-68 in the Greenland-Iceland-Norway (GIN) seas, later spreading to the Atlantic Sub Polar Gyre and much of the subtropical Atlantic. This initial cooling of the Sub Polar Gyre is associated with a marked reduction in salinity (the Great Salinity Anomaly). The cooling peaked between 1972-76, extending into the Tropical North Atlantic. This period also saw the development of a significant Winter North-South Dipole Mean Sea Level Pressure dipole pattern reminiscent of a positive NAO (High over the Azores, Low over Iceland). The cooling then retreated back to higher latitudes during 1976:80. Our analysis demonstrates that the cooling of the North Atlantic during the 1960s cannot be understood as a simple thermodynamic response to aerosol induced reductions in shortwave radiation. Dynamical changes

  12. Civil Rights and the Changing Admissions Policy at a Mid-Western University: The Impact of Two Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayar, Adem; Kerns, James H.

    2013-01-01

    Due to the value of personal rights and freedoms, along with the associated questions and continuing problems, the issue of "civil rights" continues to be relevant in the twenty-first century. In the United States, the civil rights of disenfranchised people are adversely affected by various social, regional, and federal policies.…

  13. Civil Disobedience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martz, Carlton

    2000-01-01

    This theme issue looks at three historical and recent instances of civil disobedience. The first article examines the Free Speech Movement, which arose on the Berkeley campus of the University of California in the 1960s. The second article recounts the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi to free India from the British Empire. The final article explores the…

  14. Operation rescue: domestic terrorism or legitimate civil rights protest?

    PubMed

    Nathanson, B

    1989-01-01

    Nathanson, a prominent participant in the abortion debate in the United States, describes the mission and methods of Operation Rescue. An activist anti-abortion organization whose members protest against legalized abortion by staging peaceful, nonviolent sit-ins at abortion clinics, Operation Rescue's tactics affect pregnant women, abortion facilities, law enforcement agencies, pro-choice advocates, and bystanders. Nathanson discusses the moral features unique to Operation Rescue, as well as counterarguments against the legitimacy of its activities, in an attempt to determine whether the organization's actions are a legitimate form of civil disobedience.

  15. Support for gay and lesbian civil rights: development and examination of a new scale.

    PubMed

    Brown, Michael J; Henriquez, Ernesto

    2011-01-01

    This research outlines the development of a psychometrically sound, uni-dimensional scale to assess support for gay and lesbian civil rights. Initial scale development involved examining item-pool responses from 224 undergraduate students. The resulting Support for Gay and Lesbian Civil Rights (SGLCR) scale consisted of 20 items. In a series of studies, the SGLCR demonstrated a stable factor structure, strong internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity. The relationships between SGLCR scores and participants' sex, religiosity, political ideology, gender role beliefs, and attitudes toward lesbians and gays were significant and in the predicted directions.

  16. Revenue Sharing and its Impact on Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGraw, Marvin A.

    1975-01-01

    A discussion by the Assistant to the Director, Office of Revenue Sharing, U.S. Treasury Department, of the four part approach of that agency to extending the ability of the federal government to combat discrimination in the state and local sector; human rights workers should focus on the monetary and economic impact these funds have on the…

  17. Civil Rights in Education, Revisiting the Lau Decision. IDRA Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IDRA Newsletter, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter contains seven articles related to the educational rights of culturally diverse language-minority students. "20 Years after Lau: In Pursuit of Equity Not Just a Language Response Program," by Alicia Salinas Sosa, points out that educational responses to Lau vs. Nichols have been minimum-compliance programmatic responses…

  18. Globalisation and health inequalities: can a human rights paradigm create space for civil society action?

    PubMed

    London, Leslie; Schneider, Helen

    2012-01-01

    While neoliberal globalisation is associated with increasing inequalities, global integration has simultaneously strengthened the dissemination of human rights discourse across the world. This paper explores the seeming contradiction that globalisation is conceived as disempowering nations states' ability to act in their population's interests, yet implementation of human rights obligations requires effective states to deliver socio-economic entitlements, such as health. Central to the actions required of the state to build a health system based on a human rights approach is the notion of accountability. Two case studies are used to explore the constraints on states meeting their human rights obligations regarding health, the first drawing on data from interviews with parliamentarians responsible for health in East and Southern Africa, and the second reflecting on the response to the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. The case studies illustrate the importance of a human rights paradigm in strengthening parliamentary oversight over the executive in ways that prioritise pro-poor protections and in increasing leverage for resources for the health sector within parliamentary processes. Further, a rights framework creates the space for civil society action to engage with the legislature to hold public officials accountable and confirms the importance of rights as enabling civil society mobilization, reinforcing community agency to advance health rights for poor communities. In this context, critical assessment of state incapacity to meet claims to health rights raises questions as to the diffusion of accountability rife under modern international aid systems. Such diffusion of accountability opens the door to 'cunning' states to deflect rights claims of their populations. We argue that human rights, as both a normative framework for legal challenges and as a means to create room for active civil society engagement provide a means to contest both the real and the

  19. Civil Rights Enforcement in the Department of Education. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    The hearings on civil and constitutional rights were conducted to examine the enforcement of the civil rights laws by the U.S. Department of Education. The report contains texts of statements, letters, and memoranda presented statements, letters, as well as supplementary materials presented by representatives of concerned public and private…

  20. Civil Rights Implication of the Education Block Grant Program. Oversight Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session. Serial No. 83.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    This report contains transcripts of testimonies and prepared statements presented at a session of the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. The session was convened to conduct hearings on the civil rights implication of the education block grant program proposed by the Reagan Administration. Statements of the following witnesses are…

  1. Helping General Physical Educators and Adapted Physical Educators Address the Office of Civil Rights Dear Colleague Guidance Letter: Part V--Outdoor Pursuits as an Extracurricular Alternative for Addressing Office of Civil Rights Guidance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Timothy D.; Felix, Manny

    2013-01-01

    The Office of Civil Rights (OCR) recently clarified that schools are required to provide students with disabilities (SWD) equal opportunities to participate in extracurricular activities (U.S. Department of Education [USDE] Office for Civil Rights, 2013). Schools have flexibility to design and expand extracurricular opportunities based on existing…

  2. Black Voting during the Civil Rights Movement: A Micro-Level Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyerlein, Kraig; Andrews, Kenneth T.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines why some black Southerners but not others were politically active during the early stages of the civil rights movement. Using a survey of more than 600 black Southerners in 1961, we investigate whether perceptions about opportunity or threat, politicized social capital and individual orientations toward social change shaped…

  3. The Navajo Nation: An American Colony. A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Carol J.; Lewis, Hester

    The major portion of this report is devoted to the Anglo and American Indian testimony from the 1973 Commission on Civil Rights Hearings on Navajo economic development, employment, education, and health care. Among the major recommendations cited are those calling for: (1) legal recognition of the Navajo Tribal Council to provide for favorable tax…

  4. 75 FR 18841 - Office for Civil Rights; Privacy Act of 1974, Amended System of Records

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office for Civil Rights; Privacy Act of 1974, Amended System of Records AGENCY: Office...: Notice of modified or altered System of Records (SOR). SUMMARY: In accordance with the Privacy Act, we... authority, the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, part of...

  5. Glorious Burdens: Teaching Obama's History and the Long Civil Rights Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slate, Nico

    2011-01-01

    As a young child, Barack Obama learned about the civil rights movement from his mother. Obama's mother strove to instill in her multiracial son pride in being more than just literally African American. There is much to learn from Obama's history, understood both as the story of his life and as what Obama himself has said about his past and the…

  6. John F. Kennedy's Civil Rights Discourse: The Evolution from "Principled Bystander" to Public Advocate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldzwig, Steven R.; Dionisopoulos, George N.

    1989-01-01

    Argues that President John F. Kennedy's civil rights discourse evidences an important evolutionary pattern marking a transition from legal argument to moral argument. Highlights two speeches as exemplars of this change. Asserts that this analysis is useful in the study of contemporary presidential discourse during times of domestic crisis. (MM)

  7. The Character and Effectiveness of Citizen Monitoring Groups in Implementing Civil Rights in Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hochschild, Jennifer L.; Hadrick, Valerie

    The character and impact of citizen monitoring groups are examined in this report, which evaluates groups monitoring three civil rights issues related to public education: race desegregation, sex equity, and services for the handicapped. The authors conducted site visits to study monitoring of race desegregation in 15 school systems, sex equity in…

  8. 75 FR 1082 - Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-08

    ... [Federal Register Volume 75, Number 5 (Friday, January 8, 2010)] [Notices] [Page 1082] [FR Doc No: 2010-54] DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE [OMB Number 1190-0001] Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested ACTION: 60[dash]Day Notice of...

  9. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: Concerns about Commission Operations. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div.

    This report reviews the following aspects of the United States Commission on Civil Rights from 1978 through 1985: (1) employment trends; (2) hiring and use of consultant, temporary, and Schedule C employees; (3) referrals from state employment service offices; (4) affirmative action; (5) awards and promotions; (6) commissioners' and special…

  10. Office for Civil Rights Survey Redesign: A Feasibility Survey. Contractor Report. Statistical Analysis Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield, Wendy; Farris, Elizabeth

    This report provides results of a Fast Response Survey System (FRSS) study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics for the Office for Civil Rights (OCR). The OCR wanted input for their decision-making process on possible modifications to their biennial survey of a national sample of public school districts (PSDs). The survey, the…

  11. Beyond the Playing Field: Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    This packet provides primary source documents and lesson plans relating to the study of Jackie Robinson as a civil rights advocate. The legendary baseball player, Jack Roosevelt Robinson, was the first black man to "officially" play in the big leagues in the 20th century. Jackie Robinson was not only a stellar baseball player, but he…

  12. Failure and Fraud in Civil Rights Enforcement by the Department of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Equity and Excellence, 1988

    1988-01-01

    An investigation into the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) revealed the following: (1) the desegregation plans of ten states expired before achieving their goal, yet OCR has taken no remedial action to enforce the law; and (2) legal infractions by OCR have not been adequately investigated. (BJV)

  13. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its FY 2005 accomplishments. Also, in recognition of the 25th anniversary, some of the significant cases that OCR has resolved over the years are highlighted. The last quarter century was eventful and challenging for OCR. Major U.S. Supreme Court decisions, such as "Grove…

  14. Annual Report to Congress of the Office for Civil Rights. Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper is the Office for Civil Rights' (OCR's) "Annual Report to Congress" for fiscal year 2006. In this report, OCR provides a summary of its substantive achievements in FY 2006. OCR's mission is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil…

  15. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress. Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its Fiscal Year 2005 accomplishments. Also, in recognition of its 25th anniversary, this report highlights some of the significant cases that OCR has resolved over the years. This report also includes a few quotations and case resolution stories from previous years to provide…

  16. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report covers the activities of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) from Oct. 1, 2003, to Sept. 30, 2004. From investigating the misidentification of minority students in special education, to ensuring accessibility of college campuses for students with disabilities, to facilitating access of women to equal…

  17. Our Grandparents' Civil Rights Era: Family Letters Bring History to Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Willow

    2013-01-01

    This article describes second graders in a predominantly white suburban school who were assigned to ask their grandparents to write about their experiences during the Civil Rights Movement. The letters bring surprising wisdom--and some thought-provoking issues--to the classroom. The author found that the power of the primary source documents…

  18. Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume IV. To Provide Fiscal Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cole, Ellerbe P.

    Fourth of a series of six reports, this report evaluates the Civil Rights activities of the Office of Revenue Sharing (ORS) of the Department of the Treasury. It is based on a review of documents produced by that Office, interviews with federal officials, and an analysis of available literature. The stated purpose of this report is to determine…

  19. Nation Building and the Rule of Law: Lessons from the Civil Rights Movement

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2006-10-23

    establish new power relationships with each other, yet all too often it is easiest to focus solely on the national level. Just as the Civil Rights...prevent interracial contact142-Nov – FBI finally gets all voter registration records originally requested in 1959143 -Sep, investigators from the

  20. On Values, Determinants of Spending, and Civil Rights: Response to Commentaries on Braddock et al.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braddock, David

    1987-01-01

    In response to comments on his nationwide study of public mental retardation/developmental disabilities spending in the states, the author considers classification of funds (income maintenance, large private facilities and prisons, nursing homes, and education/vocational rehabilitation), values, determinants, civil rights, and reform. (DB)

  1. Civil Rights' Voice and Conscience: Thorough Preparation and Research are Dr. Mary Frances Berry's Formidable Tools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black Issues in Higher Education, 1994

    1994-01-01

    In an interview, black civil rights leader Mary Frances Berry discusses the dilemmas and opportunities facing African Americans, women, and other minorities from her perspectives as observer and Washington insider. Issues addressed include African-American leadership, transforming knowledge into policy, Afrocentrism, and tensions with other…

  2. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Wang, Jia

    2010-01-01

    Seven years after the Civil Rights Project first documented extensive patterns of charter school segregation, the charter sector continues to stratify students by race, class and possibly language. This study is released at a time of mounting federal pressure to expand charter schools, despite on-going and accumulating evidence of charter school…

  3. Teaching Young Children about the Civil Rights Movement: Applying Effective & Developmentally Appropriate Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Janet E.; Root, Tonja L.; Lee, Seungyoun

    2015-01-01

    Considering the importance of the Civil Rights Movement, children need to be introduced to the related concepts early in their school experiences, and teachers need to consider students' developmental needs and curriculum standards in order to provide appropriate content and methods of instruction. The purpose of this article is to introduce a…

  4. Early Childhood Education Issues in Texas: Implications for Civil Rights. A Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Austin.

    The Texas Advisory Committee to the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights conducted a public forum and gathered information on the extent to which early childhood education programs have affected equal educational opportunities for minority students in Texas. The hearings were held in response to the failure of public education systems to meet the…

  5. Liability for Sexual Harassment Involving Students under Federal Civil Rights Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beckham, Joseph

    1995-01-01

    Discusses school district liability for sexual harassment under two provisions of federal law that are typically invoked as alternative bases for liability for sexual harassment: Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Section 1983 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (78 footnotes) (MLF)

  6. The First Serious Implementation of Brown: The 1964 Civil Rights Act and Beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Frank

    2004-01-01

    Information regarding the 1964 Civil Rights Act, its value and importance in the elimination of state-imposed school segregation is described. The 1964 granted the US Attorney General the power and authority to bring suits on behalf of the African American plaintiffs in thousands of school districts operating racially segregated public elementary…

  7. Fostering Historical Thinking toward Civil Rights Movement Counter-Narratives: Documentary Film in Elementary Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Lisa Brown

    2015-01-01

    This article describes how elementary preservice teachers used four documentary films to think historically about the United States Civil Rights Movement. The author situates the descriptive case study within research about historical thinking and documentary film, identifying the need for using documentary film to think historically in the…

  8. Back to School on Civil Rights: Advancing the Federal Commitment To Leave No Child Behind.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Jane

    This report, the second in a series of independent analyses by The National Council on Disability on federal enforcement of civil rights laws looks at more than two decades of federal monitoring and enforcement of compliance with Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Separate parts of the report address: (1) development…

  9. 76 FR 27603 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Civil Rights Protections for SNAP Households

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... / Thursday, May 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service 7 CFR Parts 271 and 272 RIN 0584-AD89 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Civil Rights Protections for SNAP Households AGENCY: Food and Nutrition Service, USDA. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY:...

  10. Women in History--Marian Wright Edelman: Crusader for Civil and Children's Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Shirley J.

    2006-01-01

    This article profiles Marian Wright Edelman, a crusader for civil and children's rights. She was born June 6, 1939, at a time when prejudice and segregation were the norm. The Wright family lived in a small, southern town of Bennetsville, South Carolina, where Marian was the youngest of five children. Her father, the Reverend Arthur Jerome Wright,…

  11. Office for Civil Rights Fiscal Year 2000 Annual Report to Congress. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The mission of the Office for Civil Rights is to ensure equal access to a high-quality education for all students through the vigorous enforcement of civil rights. This report outlines the legal responsibilities and goals of the organization and shows how these were met in the year 2000. There are explanations of how the agency provides…

  12. The Office for Civil Rights and Non-Discriminatory Testing, Policies, and Procedures: Implications for Gifted Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Donna Y.; Trotman, Michelle Frazier

    2000-01-01

    This article examines the Office for Civil Rights' (OCR) position on non-discriminatory testing, polices and practices and the role and responsibility of the OCR in securing the civil rights of culturally and linguistically diverse students in the context of gifted education. Possible discriminatory practices in gifted education are outlined.…

  13. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1998. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This annual report details the responsibilities of the Office of Civil Rights (OCR). It outlines the main purpose of the OCR--the agency within the United States Department of Education that regulates and enforces civil-rights laws against discrimination in education programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. The focus of the…

  14. 29 CFR 1620.27 - Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 200e et seq., are satisfied, any violation of the Equal... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act. 1620.27 Section 1620.27 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL...

  15. 14 CFR 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to... responsible NASA official under Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252) (42 U.S.C. 2000d), with... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Delegation of authority of certain...

  16. 14 CFR 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to... responsible NASA official under Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252) (42 U.S.C. 2000d), with... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegation of authority of certain...

  17. 29 CFR 1620.27 - Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 200e et seq., are satisfied, any violation of the Equal... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act. 1620.27 Section 1620.27 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL...

  18. 29 CFR 1620.27 - Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 200e et seq., are satisfied, any violation of the Equal... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act. 1620.27 Section 1620.27 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL...

  19. 29 CFR 1620.27 - Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, 42 U.S.C. 200e et seq., are satisfied, any violation of the Equal... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act. 1620.27 Section 1620.27 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL...

  20. 14 CFR 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to... responsible NASA official under Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 252) (42 U.S.C. 2000d), with... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Delegation of authority of certain...

  1. 14 CFR 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 1204.508 Section 1204.508 Aeronautics... Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions...

  2. Neglected diseases, civil conflicts, and the right to health.

    PubMed

    Beyrer, Chris; Villar, Juan Carlos; Suwanvanichkij, Voravit; Singh, Sonal; Baral, Stefan D; Mills, Edward J

    2007-08-18

    Neglected diseases remain one of the largest causes of disease and mortality. In addition to the difficulties in provision of appropriate drugs for specific diseases, many other factors contribute to the prevalence of such diseases and the difficulties in reducing their burden. We address the role that poor governance and politically motivated oppression have on the epidemiology of neglected diseases. We give case examples including filariasis in eastern Burma and vector-borne diseases (Chagas' disease, leishmaniasis, and yellow fever) in Colombia, we show the links between systematic human rights violations and the effects of infectious disease on health. We also discuss the role of researchers in advocating for and researching within oppressed populations.

  3. High-energy laser weapons since the early 1960s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Joung

    2013-02-01

    Both the U.S. and Russia/USSR have made great strides toward developing high-energy laser weapons for their future national defense systems since the early 1960s. Many billions of dollars and rubles were invested in the effort. Many hundreds of gifted scientists and engineers devoted their careers to working on the problems. They achieved major technological advances and made impressive and successful demonstrations. After more than half a century, however, neither side has yet adapted the first laser weapon for a military use. Why? This paper discusses the history of key technological advancements and successes, as well as some of the difficulties encountered. It also discusses fundamental technological advantages and limitations of high-energy laser weapons, and also the unique social, cultural, and political environments that have contributed to the history. The high-energy laser technical community is in the process of finding ways to adapt to the new warfare environment by taking advantage of the lessons learned in the past while incorporating the new technologies and ideas evolved in recent years.

  4. Health care, public policy and the courts: black health status as a civil rights issue.

    PubMed

    Rice, M F; Jones, W

    1985-01-01

    In the U.S.A. serious differences in the health status between black and white citizens continue to exist. Black Americans are less healthy and receive less health care than while Americans. The discrimination is examined as a civil rights issue with focus on both the policy and judicial perspectives of the application of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the implementative effects of the Hill-Burton Act of 1946. The application, and compliance and enforcement, of civil rights to health care is complicated by a captivity process involving Federal agencies, by corporate medical rights emphasizing a business approach to health care, and by a liberal pluralistic political arena in which certain influential groups prevail over others. In order for black health status and care to improve in the U.S.A., blacks must continue to utilize the judicial system to seek redress of health care inequities. Second, they must utilize their demonstrated political power to demand better treatment from the medical establishment.

  5. A white dean and black physicians at the epicenter of the civil rights movement.

    PubMed

    deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin

    2014-06-01

    Robert Q. Marston, MD, a gregarious Rhodes and Markel Scholar, native Virginian, and well-connected National Institutes of Health-trained medical scientist found himself the new dean and hospital director of a promising academic medical center at age 38. It was 1961 and the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) in Jackson was, unknown to him, about to be at the geographic center of the struggle for African American civil rights. That struggle would entangle UMMC in a national search for social justice and change the course of American history and American medicine. Shortly after his arrival, the new dean received and refused a written request from the Secretary of the Mississippi Chapter of the National Medical Association (NMA) to make educational venues at the segregated medical center available to black physicians. The same year, UMMC became the primary medical provider for sick and injured Freedom Riders, sit-in and demonstration participants, and others who breached the racial divide defined by the state's feared Sovereignty Commission. That divide was violently enforced by collaboration among law enforcement, Citizens' Councils, and the Ku Klux Klan. The crescendo of the civil rights struggle that attended Marston's arrival included a deadly riot following James Meredith's integration of the Ole Miss campus in Oxford in 1962, the death of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Field Secretary Medgar Evers at UMMC in 1963, a national controversy over UMMC's role in the autopsies of 3 civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, an attempt at limited compliance to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and a federal civil rights complaint against UMMC by the NAACP Legal and Educational Fund in 1965. That complaint noted that UMMC was out of compliance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and seriously threatened its federal funding and academic operations. Marston developed a compliance strategy that included the hiring

  6. Civil rights and regulatory wrongs: the Reagan administration and the medical treatment of handicapped infants.

    PubMed

    Brown, L D

    1986-01-01

    Beginning in 1982 the Reagan administration tried to impose federal regulations (based on the civil rights approach of Section 504) on the medical treatment of handicapped newborns in the nation's hospitals. After issuing three sets of regulations, the administration found itself rebuffed by the courts and in ill repute with providers and parts of the public, especially after its widely publicized intervention in the case of Baby Jane Doe illustrated the pitfalls of federal regulation in complex medical decisions. Congress, however, soon enacted legislation employing different means to protect handicapped newborns. The episode offers insights into the dynamics of the U.S. system of separated powers, the limitations of the "civil rights" approach, and the importance of negotiating structures for the resolution of private moral dilemmas with public implications.

  7. Civil Rights Laws as Tools to Advance Health in the Twenty-First Century.

    PubMed

    McGowan, Angela K; Lee, Mary M; Meneses, Cristina M; Perkins, Jane; Youdelman, Mara

    2016-01-01

    To improve health in the twenty-first century, to promote both access to and quality of health care services and delivery, and to address significant health disparities, legal and policy approaches, specifically those focused on civil rights, could be used more intentionally and strategically. This review describes how civil rights laws, and their implementation and enforcement, help to encourage health in the United States, and it provides examples for peers around the world. The review uses a broad lens to define health for both classes of individuals and their communities--places where people live, learn, work, and play. Suggestions are offered for improving health and equity broadly, especially within societal groups and marginalized populations. These recommendations include multisectorial approaches that focus on the social determinants of health.

  8. Federal civil rights policy and mental health treatment access for persons with limited English proficiency.

    PubMed

    Snowden, Lonnie R; Masland, Mary; Guerrero, Rachel

    2007-01-01

    As noted in the supplement to the U.S. Surgeon General's report on mental health (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001), overcoming language access barriers associated with limited English proficiency (LEP) should help to eliminate racial and ethnic disparities in mental health care access and quality. Federal policy requires remedial action to overcome language barriers: Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Medicaid and other federally funded programs must provide assistance to LEP persons. Some state-level public and mental health authorities have responded by instituting "threshold language" policies. The history and terms of federal civil rights policy, and of threshold-language-policy-inspired initiatives, should be understood by everyone concerned with overcoming ethnic disparities in mental health services use. Concerned parties should promote implementation of required measures for language assistance and help to evaluate their implementation and effectiveness.

  9. 25 CFR 10.10 - What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What happens if I believe my civil rights have been... AND PROGRAMS § 10.10 What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian country detention or holding facility? All allegations of civil rights violations...

  10. 25 CFR 10.10 - What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true What happens if I believe my civil rights have been... AND PROGRAMS § 10.10 What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian country detention or holding facility? All allegations of civil rights violations...

  11. 29 CFR 1601.2 - Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the... REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.2 Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with... in this part shall have the meanings set forth in section 701 of title VII of the Civil Rights Act...

  12. 25 CFR 10.10 - What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What happens if I believe my civil rights have been... AND PROGRAMS § 10.10 What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian country detention or holding facility? All allegations of civil rights violations...

  13. 25 CFR 10.10 - What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What happens if I believe my civil rights have been... AND PROGRAMS § 10.10 What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian country detention or holding facility? All allegations of civil rights violations...

  14. 25 CFR 10.10 - What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens if I believe my civil rights have been... AND PROGRAMS § 10.10 What happens if I believe my civil rights have been violated while incarcerated in an Indian country detention or holding facility? All allegations of civil rights violations...

  15. 29 CFR 1601.2 - Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the... REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.2 Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with... in this part shall have the meanings set forth in section 701 of title VII of the Civil Rights Act...

  16. 29 CFR 1601.2 - Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the... REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.2 Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with... in this part shall have the meanings set forth in section 701 of title VII of the Civil Rights Act...

  17. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964... Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable Section 324 of title 23 U.S.C., the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part......

  18. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964... Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable Section 324 of title 23 U.S.C., the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part......

  19. Commitment and endurance: common themes in the life histories of civil rights workers who stayed.

    PubMed

    Beardslee, W R

    1983-01-01

    First-person life histories of a group of civil rights workers who have maintained a long-term commitment to the Movement are summarized and analyzed. The importance of relationships with others, changes in the ways the workers viewed themselves, the development of faith in their work, and the reconciliation of their Movement experiences with those of their past life emerge as central themes in their accounts.

  20. Advancing civil rights, the next generation: the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 and beyond.

    PubMed

    Tan, Morse Hyun-Myung

    2009-01-01

    On the leading edge of civil rights law and bioethics/healthcare law, this Article provides the first law review analysis of the recently passed Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2008, which extends important protection against discrimination in health insurance and employment. GINA also bolsters genetic research by freeing research subjects from the threat of genetic discrimination. This Article demonstrates how GINA further protects this society against the rising dangers of genetic discrimination beyond previously existing federal and state law.

  1. Biomedicalization and the public sphere: newspaper coverage of health and medicine, 1960s-2000s.

    PubMed

    Hallin, Daniel C; Brandt, Marisa; Briggs, Charles L

    2013-11-01

    This article examines historical trends in the reporting of health and medicine in The New York Times and Chicago Tribune from the 1960s to the 2000s. It focuses on the extent to which health reporting can be said to have become increasingly politicized, or to have shifted from treating the production of medical knowledge as something belonging to a restricted, specialized sphere, to treating it as a part of the general arena of public debate. We coded a sample of 400 stories from the two newspapers for four different Implied Audiences which health stories can address: Scientific/Professional, Patient/Consumer, Investor and Citizen/Policymaker. Stories were also coded for the origin of the story, the sources cited, the presence of controversy, and the positive or negative representation of biomedical institutions and actors. The data show that through all five decades, news reporting on health and medicine addressed readers as Citizen/Policymakers most often, though Patient/Consumer and Investor-oriented stories increased over time. Biomedical researchers eclipsed individual physicians and public health officials as sources of news, and the sources diversified to include more business sources, civil society organizations and patients and other lay people. The reporting of controversy increased, and portrayals of biomedicine shifted from lopsidedly positive to more mixed. We use these data in pinpointing how media play a constitutive role in the process of "biomedicalization," through which biomedicine has both extended its reach into and become entangled with other spheres of society and of knowledge production.

  2. The Legality of Minimum Compentency Test Programs under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjes, John; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Written primarily for litigators, shows how minimum competency tests that are used to deny high school diplomas to disproportionate numbers of minority students can be successfully challenged under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. (Author/MK)

  3. Rise of the New Right: Human and Civil Rights in Jeopardy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, J. Charles

    1980-01-01

    The author warns that ultra-conservatism is growing in strength and sophistication as a political force. He cites literature from various right-wing groups attacking the public schools and suggests that educators must learn to cope with social stress and the political extremism it generates. (SJL)

  4. 14 CFR § 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. § 1204.508 Section § 1204.508... Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to... delegation. [32 FR 3883, Mar. 9, 1967] Effective Date Note: At 78 FR 76058, Dec. 16, 2013, § 1204.508...

  5. Discrimination, developmental science, and the law: addressing dramatic shifts in civil rights jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Levesque, Roger J R

    2014-01-01

    The civil rights movement fostered dramatic shifts in legal responses to discrimination based on race, gender, and a host of other group characteristics. The legal system now evinces yet another dramatic shift, as it moves from considering difference to focusing on neutrality, from efforts that seek to counter subjugation to those that adopt a "color-blind" approach. The shifting approach already has reached laws regulating responses to the group that spurred massive civil rights reform: minority youth. The shift requires a different body of empirical evidence to address it and a new look at equality jurisprudence. This article notes the need to turn to the current understanding of prejudice and discrimination for guidance, and uses, as illustration, developmental science to shed light on the development, manifestation, and alleviation of invidious discrimination. Using that understanding, the analysis details how the legal system can benefit from that research and better address discrimination in light of dramatic changes in law. The article articulates the need to address discrimination by recognizing and enlisting the law's inculcative powers through multiple sites of inculcation, ranging from families, schools, health and justice systems to religious and community groups. The discussion concludes with brief suggestions for reform benefiting from understandings of prejudice and its expression.

  6. Remarks before the National Civil Rights Committee of the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith (Washington, DC, June 9, 1983).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    In this address, the Assistant Attorney General of the Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, reviews the Division's civil rights enforcement efforts, and discusses the Reagan Administration's position on racial quotas. To dispel the notion that the Administration is not committed to equal rights, the Assistant Attorney General describes…

  7. Recovery of 1960's Nimbus Satellite Data for Climate Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gallaher, D. W.; Campbell, G.

    2013-12-01

    suggests general methods for using these data sets for other climate studies such as sea surface temperatures and cloud studies. A comparison of the regions around the Independence and Hagen Glaciers, Northern Greenland. Nimbus I (right) August 22, 1964 and MODIS (left) August 31, 2011.

  8. Collaborative family health care, civil rights, and social determinants of health.

    PubMed

    Mauksch, Larry B; Fogarty, Colleen T

    2017-03-01

    Social and economic disadvantage and civil rights infringement, worsens overall health (Adler, Glymour, & Fielding, 2016; McGowan, Lee, Meneses, Perkins, & Youdelman, 2016; Teitelbaum, 2005). While addressing these challenges is not new, there is reason to believe that the administration of Donald Trump and a republican majority in congress will exacerbate these challenges and their effects. How can collaborative family health care (CFHC) practitioners and our field help? The editors pondered this question and also asked a selection of leaders in the field. The editors will first share their ideas about the potential of CFHC to make a difference in daily interactions with patients. Next, they will identify key areas of risk and vulnerability. Finally, using the contributions of respected colleagues, they will propose a partial agenda for CFHC clinicians and the field. (PsycINFO Database Record

  9. Race, crime, and republican strength: minority politics in the post-civil rights era.

    PubMed

    Jacobs, David; Tope, Daniel

    2008-12-01

    This investigation assesses the relationships between racial threat and partisan dominance in state legislatures with tests of interactive hypotheses. The findings show that historically contingent expectations derived from racial threat theory, Republican law and order campaign appeals, and fundamentalist strength account for Republican strength in the legislatures. Two-way fixed-effects estimates based on pooled time-series analyses of 799 state-years in the post-civil rights era show that the percentage of Republicans in the state legislatures grew after increases in African American presence and the violent crime rates. The combined effects of a growth in African American and fundamentalist populations also account for increased Republican seats in these bodies. Statements by Republican campaign officials on how they deliberately used mass resentments against minorities to gain votes provide evidence about the intervening links between minority threat, the menace posed by high violent crime rates, and increased Republican strength in the state legislatures.

  10. The Buchanan Report, environment and the problem of traffic in 1960s Britain.

    PubMed

    Gunn, Simon

    2011-01-01

    Traffic congestion in Britain's towns and cities grew with the exponential rise of car ownership in the 1950s and 1960s. The Buchanan Report, Traffic in Towns (1963), was a pioneering response to this problem, advancing a series of radical solutions for how cities could be adapted to mass car ownership. This article examines the contemporary debate about traffic among planners and politicians in the 1960s and considers both short-term responses to the Buchanan Report and its longer term effects in cities such as Leeds and Leicester. The legacy of Buchanan was ambivalent: while many of its prescriptions favoured a new, environmentally sensitive approach to the historic fabric and urban living, the report's arguments for radical reconstruction pointed to the building of urban motorways. Paradoxically, the growth of environmental awareness in 1960s Britain was linked to the endeavour to modernize the nation's towns and cities and to create the conditions for a car-owning society.

  11. Citizenship beyond politics: the importance of political, civil and social rights and responsibilities among women and men.

    PubMed

    Bolzendahl, Catherine; Coffé, Hilde

    2009-12-01

    Previous research has suggested that men are more engaged as citizens than are women. Yet, little is known about gender cleavages across a variety of citizenship norms. To what extent do men and women define citizenship differently? To address that question, this study examines the importance men and women assign various citizenship rights and responsibilities using 2004 ISSP data from 18 Western, industrialized nations. Using a disaggregated approach to understanding definitions of citizenship, we examine political, civil, and social rights and responsibilities. After controlling for a variety of demographic and attitudinal influences, we find that men and women are not different in their views regarding the importance of political responsibilities. However, women do view political rights as significantly more important than do men. Further, in comparison to men, women view both civil and social responsibilities and rights domains as significantly more important.

  12. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  13. Black Religion as BOTH Opiate and Inspiration of Civil Rights Militancy: Putting Marx's Data to the Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Larry L.; Hunt, Janet G.

    1977-01-01

    Concludes that Harry Marx's (1964) inference of a general opiate quality in black religion is incomplete and misleading. Examines data concerning religion and civil rights militancy. Finds that secular social factors (e.g., social class, region, and nonurban origins) are better indicators of militance than is religiosity. (Author/GC)

  14. U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2001 and 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report to Congress covers the actions and accomplishments of the Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (OCR) for the period beginning October 1, 2000, and ending September 30, 2002. The first section, titled "Overview of OCR Compliance and Enforcement Program," looks at the Office's organizational structure, complaint…

  15. Federal Control Out of Control: The Office for Civil Rights' Hidden Policies on Bilingual Education. CEO Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlejohn, Jim

    This report examines the policies and practices of the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) for determining whether school systems are providing appropriate educational services to language minority students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Data are drawn from OCR documents in the public domain, including…

  16. The Civil Rights Act and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The Constitution Community: Contemporary United States (1968 to the Present).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Linda

    In 1964, Congress passed Public Law 82-352. This civil rights act forbade hiring, promoting, and firing discrimination based on sex or race. Title VII of the act created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) to implement the law. Subsequent legislation expanded the role of the EEOC. Today, the EEOC enforces laws that prohibit…

  17. Pedagogies of Protest: African American Teachers and the History of the Civil Rights Movement, 1940-1963

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Although the dominant narrative of the civil rights movement marginalizes the role of black educators, revisionist scholars have shown that a significant number of black teachers encouraged student protest and activism. There has, however, been little analysis of the work of black teachers inside segregated schools in the…

  18. The Trouble with Unifying Narratives: African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement in U.S. History Content Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Carl B.

    2013-01-01

    This textual analysis is a collective case study of K-12 United States History content standards in light of how they represent the historical experiences of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. The study uses a multi-perspective critical conceptual framework to evaluate the standards for nine state-level polities on both the…

  19. Vestiges of Desegregation: Superintendent Perspectives on Educational Inequality and (Dis)Integration in the Post-Civil Rights Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horsford, Sonya Douglass

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to extend the growing counternarrative in education research concerning the negative consequences of school desegregation and its implications for urban education, educational leadership, and policy reform in the post-Civil Rights Era. Guided by qualitative and historical research methods, this article presents the…

  20. What's Writing Got to Do with It?: Citizen Wisdom, Civil Rights Activism, and 21st Century Community Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kells, Michelle Hall

    2012-01-01

    This article examines what a pedagogy of public rhetoric and community literacy might look like based on an understanding of twentieth century Mexican American civil rights rhetoric. The inductive process of examining archival materials and conducting oral histories informs this discussion on the processes and challenges of gaining civic…

  1. Overview of the LAU Center Technical Assistance Process and the Office for Civil Rights Task Force Remedies: Phase 1 Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazon, M. Reyes

    This manual, first in a series dealing with the Lau Center technical assistance approach, is designed to assist school districts in their efforts to develop an educational master plan to meet Title VI (1964 Civil Rights Act) compliance guidelines. The manual summarizes the legislation, judicial decisions, and the Task Force Remedies which have…

  2. Part I--The Historical and Legal Background Leading to the Office of Civil Rights "Dear Colleague Letter"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnhold, Robert; Young, Lauren; Lakowski, Terri

    2013-01-01

    Part I of the feature describes the historical path of the Dear Colleague Letter and discusses the specific road to this landmark guidance, what it means, and how the leadership and action of the Office for Civil Rights will pave the way for students with disabilities to participate in sports the same way that Title IX has enabled participation…

  3. Metropolitan Housing Desegregation: The Case for an Affirmative Program under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levin, Arthur, J.; Silard, John

    A 1966 document reviews a number of issues about housing segregation, which are related to Title IV of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discussed in five sections are the displacement impact of major Federal construction programs, Federal assistance to private housing, metropolitan housing desegregation, affirmative programs for desegregation, and…

  4. Civil Rights--Employment Discrimination--Preferential Minority Treatment as an Appropriate Remedy under Section 703(j) of Title VII

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredericks, Albert G.

    1975-01-01

    Reviews court decisions under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 in which, despite Section 703(j), preferential remedial action implemented through numerical formulas is prescribed to improve minority employment opportunities. Concludes the pattern will continue until Congress or the Supreme Court clarifies the subject of preferential…

  5. From Freedom Riders to the Children's March: Civil Rights Documentaries as Catalysts for Historical Empathy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Lisa Brown

    2014-01-01

    Historical documentary film usually offers content in a format that students find more engaging than traditional historical texts. In the classroom, documentary film can be positioned within a historical thinking framework to study a broad concept like civil rights while facilitating students' source work and skill development. While social…

  6. Consultation of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (Washington, DC, June 6-7, 1984). Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    A result of the United States Commission on Civil Rights consultation on the concept of equal pay for work of comparable value, this publication presents all papers submitted by participants. The papers are: "The Earnings Gap in Historical Perspective" (Claudia Goldin); "Occupational Segregation and the Earnings Gap" (Andrea H.…

  7. Enforcing Equality in Housing and Employment Through State Civil Rights Laws. The Administrative Process Project (1969-1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blumrosen, Alfred W.; And Others

    This is both a report of two years of cooperative activity between the New Jersey Division on Civil Rights and Rutgers Law School and a manual for Federal and State officials concerned with equal housing and employment opportunity. In addition, it carries forward an experiment in legal education: to teach law students the administrative process…

  8. Hope and Despair: Southern Black Women Educators across Pre- and Post-Civil Rights Cohorts Theorize about Their Activism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loder-Jackson, Tondra L.

    2012-01-01

    Framed by theoretical perspectives on Black Feminist Thought, the life course, and the Generation X/Hip-Hop generation, I present findings from a subset of 10 Black women educators in Birmingham, Alabama who participated in a larger life story project. The participants, who came of age professionally across the pre- and post-civil rights movement…

  9. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS Federal-Aid... Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable Section 324 of title 23 U.S.C., the...

  10. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS Federal-Aid... Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable Section 324 of title 23 U.S.C., the...

  11. Department of Education: Efforts by the Office for Civil Rights To Resolve Asian-American Complaints. Report to the Honorable Dana Rohrabacher, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horinko, Larry; And Others

    With the Department of Education's staff remaining stable during a period of increased civil rights complaints, this study examined the Department's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) investigations of discrimination cases involving Asian-Americans. In particular the evaluation looked at 13 specific cases, timeliness and outcomes for fiscal years…

  12. So Now You've Been Sued: Strategies That Win. Defending Civil Rights Suits against Your School District Client. Seminar Coursebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

    This seminar workbook was compiled to aid practitioners in understanding the latest in civil rights law and tactics in representing school districts in civil rights cases. In a loose-leaf format, it contains articles and outlines by the faculty as well as decisions, sample pleadings, and legal texts. The workbook includes the following materials:…

  13. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... Activities-Implementation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Pt. 42, Subpt. G, App. C Appendix C to Subpart G of Part 42—Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

  14. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... Activities-Implementation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Pt. 42, Subpt. G, App. C Appendix C to Subpart G of Part 42—Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

  15. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... Activities-Implementation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Pt. 42, Subpt. G, App. C Appendix C to Subpart G of Part 42—Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

  16. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... Activities-Implementation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Pt. 42, Subpt. G, App. C Appendix C to Subpart G of Part 42—Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

  17. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... Activities-Implementation of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Pt. 42, Subpt. G, App. C Appendix C to Subpart G of Part 42—Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964...

  18. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS Federal-Aid... Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable Section 324 of title 23 U.S.C., the...

  19. Civil Rights Enforcement By the Department of Education. Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    This transcript from hearings before the House Committee on Government Operations focuses on civil rights enforcement at State colleges and universities by the Department of Education. The questions and testimony centered around the following questions: (1) why had the department delayed enforcement in cases where violations of civil rights were…

  20. Angela Davis and the Changing Paradigm of Academic Freedom in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aby, Stephen H.

    2007-01-01

    Prior to the 1960s, college and university faculty were treated as at-will employees, despite the establishment of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) in 1915 and the circulation after 1940 of its statement on academic freedom. Through the McCarthy period of the 1950s, faculty were not free either on or off campus to speak to…

  1. "Fairy Tale for Pioneers": Deconstruction of Official Ideology in Memories about Artek 1960s-1980s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozlova, Anna

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the memories of the Soviet pioneer camp Artek among camp leaders and Pioneers who visited this camp in the 1960s-1980s. The study examines the interaction between the ideology discourse of the late Soviet epoch about Artek and personal autobiographical memories. Turning to analysis of narrative structure and the pragmatic…

  2. The Stem of Jesse. The Costs of Community at a 1960s Southern School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Will D.

    This book recounts the 1960's struggle of Mercer University, a historic Southern Baptist university in Georgia, to confront racism and cultural change. The account focuses on Sam Oni, an African and the first black student admitted to Mercer. Oni was also a Southern Baptist, a product of Mercer missionaries to Africa. In a pivotal incident when he…

  3. The Student Movement of the 1960s and the Politics of Race.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, Andrew

    1991-01-01

    Student activists of the 1960s participated in different student movements with distinct racial and national identities. The causes and consequences of racial segmentation that made white students and students of color behave differently are examined. Even the abrupt decline of campus movements in the 1970s reflects profound racial segmentation.…

  4. The 1960s &'70s: Creative Activities for Teaching American History. Teacher's Guide. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Lawrence

    The activities in this manual explore some of the issues of the 1960s and 1970s that reflected changes in U.S. patterns of thought: minorities sought their share of the American pie; young people challenged established authority; massive protests erupted against the Vietnam War; political corruption was found in high office and a marked change…

  5. Public Employee Unionism: A Neglected Social Movement of the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The chapters on the 1960s and early 1970s in recent editions of secondary-level United States history textbooks have done an impressive job in getting beyond the traditional political narratives of presidential administrations to include the movements of protest and reform based on citizen activism. But despite their laudable efforts to broaden…

  6. Irish Educational Policy in the 1960s: A Decade of Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Brian; Harford, Judith

    2014-01-01

    A decade of transformation that emerged following a period of inertia and insularity in Irish education, the 1960s is widely regarded by scholars as representing a paradigm shift in education policy. Marked by a more interventionist, strategic policy approach, this period resulted in significant democratisation of education, particularly at…

  7. The Structure of Educational Policy-making in Hungary in the 1960s and 1970s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halasz, Gabor

    1986-01-01

    Explains a theoretical framework for interpreting educational policy-making and, on the basis of that framework, identifies educational policy makers and policy changes in Hungary in the 1960s and 1970s. Tests the theory by examining controversies about secondary education and the structure of the educational system. (JHZ)

  8. Engineer, Mechanic or Carpenter? Boys' Transitions to Work in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the authors seek to examine the gendered nature of boys' school to work transitions for a group of young male workers entering employment for the first time in the 1960s. They argue that such an enquiry is important because past studies of transitions have not problematised boys school to work transitions in terms of gender.…

  9. Devils in Disguise: The Carnegie Project, the Cherokee Nation, and the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, Daniel M.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about the experiences of many of the people involved in the Carnegie Project, an effort in the 1960s to establish ties with the "tribal community"--people who spoke Cherokee as their first language and lived in small kin-related settlements spread across five counties in northeastern Oklahoma--and…

  10. The Real and Promised Brasilia: "An Asymmetrical Symbol in 1960s Brazilian Literature"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beal, Sophia

    2010-01-01

    To write about Brasilia in the 1960s was to write about a dual city, part symbol and part reality. This dual city grew out of an impulse to oversimplify representations of the real city in order to preserve its mythic promise of national progress. The oversimplifications derived from a national desire to showcase how Brazil had found an authentic…

  11. Two Nations Underground: Building Schools to Survive Nuclear War and Desegregation in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preston, John

    2017-01-01

    In the 1960s federal agencies in the US encouraged the building of protected schools designed to survive a nuclear attack. A number of designs, including underground schools, were constructed. In order to promote the building of protected schools, the US government produced a number of propaganda films for school boards and governors. In addition…

  12. Voices of Native Resiliency: Educational Experiences from the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penland, Jennifer L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the lived educational experiences of American Indians who grew up during the 1950s and 1960s, known as the termination period in American history. The research for this phenomenological study consisted of interviews with eight participants who were willing to share their personal experiences from this…

  13. Learning in the "Real" World: Encounters with Radical Architectures (1960s-1970s)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doucet, Isabelle

    2017-01-01

    Throughout the 1960s and 1970s architectural education saw to the emergence of radical attempts to reconnect pedagogy with "the real world" and to forge greater social responsibility in architecture. From this epoch of important political, social, and environmental action, this article discusses three "encounters" between…

  14. Age of Aquarius and Vietnam: Today's Students Flock to Courses about 1960's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collison, Michele N-K.

    1988-01-01

    The dramatic increase in college course offerings about the decade of the 1960s is a result of both to student curiosity with its protest movements and of faculty composition. Some feel the courses are essential to student understanding of modern life, whereas others feel more research is needed. (MSE)

  15. Historical Perspectives on Diaspora Homeland Tourism: "Israel Experience" Education in the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelner, Shaul

    2013-01-01

    Homeland tourism is a powerful medium of diasporic education. Yet, efforts to understand the enterprise are hampered by neglect of the field's history. This article contributes to the historiography of diaspora homeland tourism by examining the emergence of American Jewish educational tours of Israel in the 1950s and 1960s. Archival research and…

  16. U.S. Comparative Education Research on Yugoslav Education in the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobe, Noah W.

    2007-01-01

    An examination of American research on Yugoslav education in the 1950s and 1960s shows U.S. comparative education research to have been no less shaped by cold war concerns and modernization theories than other academic disciplines. The purpose of this article is not to specify what research questions should have been asked in the first two decades…

  17. Co-Operatives, Democracy and Education: The Basque "Ikastolas" in the 1960s and 1970s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delgado. Ander

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses the process of creation of ikastola schools throughout the Basque Country from the 1960s onwards. These were schools whose major characteristic was to teach the majority of subjects in the Basque language in the adverse context of the final years of Franco's regime. This article deals with the social and political context in…

  18. New voters, new outlook? Predispositions, social networks, and the changing politics of gay civil rights.

    PubMed

    Becker, Amy B; Scheufele, Dietram A

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. This study examines the factors that shape public acceptance of homosexuality and support for same-sex marriage across age cohorts.Methods. We analyzed data from two national surveys. We constructed hierarchical logistic and hierarchical ordinary least squares regressions for relevant age cohorts in order to test our hypotheses and explore our research questions.Results. Our models suggest that personal contact has a greater impact on the attitudes of younger respondents, positively influencing public acceptance of homosexuality. Alternatively, religious and ideological predispositions have a greater impact on the attitudes of older individuals. When examining public support for gay marriage, we find that younger individuals have higher levels of deliberative engagement with the issue debate, while older individuals rely more heavily on their predispositions when determining issue stance. Interestingly, measures of media exposure are not significantly related to either public acceptance of homosexuality or support for same-sex marriage, suggesting that other factors may have a greater impact on public attitudes at this point in time.Conclusion. The implications of these findings are discussed in light of the emergence of a new political generation and the continuing struggle for gay civil rights.

  19. Addressing racial inequities in health care: civil rights monitoring and report cards.

    PubMed

    Smith, D B

    1998-02-01

    Large racial inequities in health care use continue to be reported, raising concerns about discrimination. Historically, the health system, with its professionally dominated, autonomous, voluntary organizational structure, has presented special challenges to civil rights efforts. De jure racial segregation in the United States gave way to a period of aggressive litigation and enforcement from 1954 until 1968 and then to the current period of relative inactivity. A combination of factors--declining federal resources and organizational capacity to address more subtle forms of discriminatory practices in health care settings, increasingly restrictive interpretations by the courts, and the lack of any systematic mechanisms for the statistical monitoring of providers--offers little assurance that discrimination does not continue to play a role in accounting for discrepancies in use. The current rapid transformation of health care into integrated delivery systems driven by risk-based financing presents both new opportunities and new threats. Adequate regulation, markets, and management for such systems impose new requirements for comparative systematic statistical assessment of performance. My conclusion illustrates ways that current "report card" approaches to monitoring performance of such systems could be used to monitor, correct, and build trust in equitable treatment.

  20. Challenges of regulatory rights of half-capacitated persons: A sociological perspective on the French Civil Code reform.

    PubMed

    Eyraud, Benoît

    2016-01-01

    Democratic societies are based on the principle of equal legal capacity of all citizens to decide and act for themselves in all areas of social life. This "socio-civil capacity", which may involve both material property of an individual, as well as private life in matters ranging from health to personal relationships, is recognized by the law (both codified law and common law). These rights guarantee the autonomy and freedom of individuals in the name of respect for human dignity. Civil capacity of a person is legally diminished because his or her "natural" abilities, capacity, or competence are reduced. Recent social changes have lead to increased uses of legal measures of protection. The reasons for these changes are complex and they are accompanied by legislative reforms that modify the rights of half-capacitated persons. In this article, we examine certain issues of civil capacity rights based on the French example. We start present a perspective of the historical definition and practice of these rights as well as their democratization.

  1. Revealing the early ice flow patterns with historical Declassified Intelligence Satellite Photographs back to 1960s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shujie; Liu, Hongxing; Yu, Bailang; Zhou, Guoqing; Cheng, Xiao

    2016-06-01

    The reconnaissance ARGON satellites collected the earliest images of Antarctica from space dating back to the 1960s, providing valuable historical baseline information for studying polar ice sheets. Those photographs are underutilized for ice motion mapping, due to lack of sufficient ground controls for image orthorectification. In this study, we orthorectified the ARGON photographs by fully exploiting the metric qualities of WorldView satellite images: very high spatial resolution and precise geolocation. Through a case study over Larsen Ice Shelf, we demonstrated that the camera model with bundle block adjustment can achieve geolocation accuracy of better than the nominal resolution (140 m) for orthorectifying ARGON images, with WorldView imagery as ground control source. This allowed us to extend the ice velocity records of Larsen Ice Shelf back into 1960s~1970s for the first time. The retrospective analysis revealed that acceleration of the collapsed Larsen B occurred much earlier than previously thought.

  2. Balloon-Borne, High-Energy Astrophysics: Experiences from the 1960s to the 1980s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fishman, Gerald J.

    2008-01-01

    Observational high-energy astrophysics in the hard-x-ray and gamma-ray regions owes its development and initial successes to the balloon-borne development of detector systems, as well as pioneering observations, primarily in the timeframe from the 1960s to the 1990s. I will describe some of the first observations made by the Rice University balloon group in the 1960s, including the impetus for these observations. The appearance of SN 1987a led to several balloon-flight campaigns, sponsored by NASA, from Alice Springs, Australia in 1987 and 1988. During the 1980s, prototypes of instruments for the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory were flown on many balloon flights, which greatly enhanced the success of that mission.

  3. [Psychotropic drugs in socialism? Drug regulation in the German Democratic Republic in the 1960s].

    PubMed

    Klöppel, Ulrike; Balz, Viola

    2010-12-01

    The peculiarities of drug regulation in the GDR are best described by a historical reconstruction of a concrete field of practice. The article analyses the regulation of psychotropic drugs by focussing on the centralised planning and control of pharmaceutical research and development in the 1960s. Its starting point is the observation that an introduction of certain psychotropic drugs like tranquilizers was initially controversial in the GDR. As a consequence, the key question is how an agreement over their medical and economic benefit was reached eventually. The article shows how in the course of the 1960s a discursive arrangement between the medical profession, pharmaceutical industry and the state apparatus emerged, which was supported by an increased political involvement of leading scientists and the directing staff of enterprises.

  4. The Great Strategy Debate: NATO’s Evolution in the 1960s

    DTIC Science & Technology

    1991-01-01

    1960s. It directs particular atention to the political interaction between the United States, the principal exponent of strategy reform, and its often...force, they simultaneously were paring back the Strategic Air Command’s (SAC) bomber force, thereby keeping the U.S. nuclear posture roughly level at...strength might well fall far short of appearances. These suspicions led McNamara to apply the same analytical techniques to the West’s intelligence

  5. The subjective cut: sex reassignment surgery in 1960s and 1970s science fiction.

    PubMed

    Sellberg, Karin

    2016-12-01

    This article considers the way in which ethical concerns about sex reassignment surgery and especially the research and clinical practice of the sexologist Dr John Money (1921-2006) is being negotiated in the 1960s and 1970s novels Myra Breckinridge and Myron by Gore Vidal and The Passion of New Eve by Angela Carter. Drawing on the theories of gender and embodiment developed by Money, the article reads the novels as a critical response and discursive interaction with emergent sexological concepts.

  6. Reflections on the Radio Astronomy Explorer program of the 1960s and 70s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.

    1990-01-01

    The Radio Astronomy Explorer (RAE) program of the late 1960s and early 1970s is, to date, the only totally dedicated radio astronomy mission to have flown. However, only some of the prelaunch goals were achieved due to the unexpectedly high levels of interference from the earth in the form of both naturally occurring and man-made noise. Some important lessons in receiver design were learned which could and should be applied to any future radio astronomy missions.

  7. Temporal variation of 137Cs water column inventory in the North Pacific since the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Aoyama, M; Hirose, K

    2003-01-01

    The temporal variation of water column inventories of 137Cs in the North Pacific since the 1960s was examined based on the analysis of the 137Cs profiles in HAM database. 137Cs in seawater in the North Pacific have originated mainly from global fallout from atmospheric nuclear weapons tests, which occurred in the early 1960s. In the 1960s, both the meridional distribution of 137Cs inventory in the North Pacific and that of fallout on land stations showed mid-latitude maximum. The region with higher deposition at land stations, however, was more northern than the latitudes where the 137Cs inventory in the North Pacific showed a maximum. The difference of the latitude where maximum 137Cs deposition/inventory was observed reflects the difference of the geographical distribution of the precipitation amount in the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans followed by the different warm current systems in each ocean. A good positive relation between 137Cs inventory and annual precipitation amount was discovered in the ocean stations at the middle latitude in the North Pacific. The horizontal distribution of 137Cs inventories at the middle latitudes in the North Pacific is characterized as west-high and east-low in the early 1960s, which was basically controlled by the distribution of annual precipitation amount. Eastward advection, then, modified it to be less difference in 1966-1967 after the highest deposition periods in 1963-1965. In the 1970s and 1980s, increases of the 137Cs inventory at the lower latitude of 10-20 deg. N are found. Surface and subsurface southward transports are considered as the source of this increasing 137Cs inventory.

  8. Linking Health System Responsiveness to Political Rights and Civil Liberties: A Multilevel Analysis Using Data From 44 Countries.

    PubMed

    Witvliet, Margot I; Stronks, Karien; Kunst, Anton E; Mahapatra, Tanmay; Arah, Onyebuchi A

    2015-01-01

    Responsiveness is a dimension of health system functioning and might be dependent upon contextual factors related to politics. Given this, we performed cross-national comparisons with the aim of investigating: 1) the associations of political factors with patients' reports of health system responsiveness and 2) the extent to which health input and output might explain these associations. World Health Survey data were analyzed for 44 countries (n = 103 541). Main outcomes included, respectively, 8 and 7 responsiveness domains for inpatient and outpatient care. Linear multilevel regressions were used to assess the associations of politics (namely, civil liberties and political rights), socioeconomic development, health system input, and health system output (measured by maternal mortality) with responsiveness domains, adjusted for demographic factors. Political rights showed positive associations with dignity (regression coefficient = 0.086 [standard error = 0.039]), quality (0.092 [0.049]), and support (0.113 [0.048]) for inpatient care and with dignity (0.075 [0.040]), confidentiality (0.089 [0.043]), and quality (0.124 [0.053]) for outpatient care. Positive associations were observed for civil liberties as well. Health system input and output reduced observed associations. Results tentatively suggest that strengthening political rights and, to a certain extent, civil liberties might improve health system responsiveness, in part through their effect on health system input and output.

  9. Sex Discrimination and Hair-Length Requirements Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 -- the Long and Short of It

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golden, H. Bruce

    1974-01-01

    Since the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, an employer's rights to establish dress and appearance standards for employees has been challenged with increasing frequency as a discriminatory employment practice based upon sex. The majority of such cases have concerned the right of male employees to wear their hair as long as that…

  10. A lake data set for the Tibetan Plateau from the 1960s, 2005, and 2014

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Wei; Long, Di; Hong, Yang; Ma, Yingzhao; Yuan, Yuan; Xiao, Pengfeng; Duan, Hongtao; Han, Zhongying; Gu, Xingfa

    2016-01-01

    Long-term datasets of number and size of lakes over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are among the most critical components for better understanding the interactions among the cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere at regional and global scales. Due to the harsh environment and the scarcity of data over the TP, data accumulation and sharing become more valuable for scientists worldwide to make new discoveries in this region. This paper, for the first time, presents a comprehensive and freely available data set of lakes’ status (name, location, shape, area, perimeter, etc.) over the TP region dating back to the 1960s, including three time series, i.e., the 1960s, 2005, and 2014, derived from ground survey (the 1960s) or high-spatial-resolution satellite images from the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) (2005) and China’s newly launched GaoFen-1 (GF-1, which means high-resolution images in Chinese) satellite (2014). The data set could provide scientists with useful information for revealing environmental changes and mechanisms over the TP region. PMID:27328160

  11. A lake data set for the Tibetan Plateau from the 1960s, 2005, and 2014.

    PubMed

    Wan, Wei; Long, Di; Hong, Yang; Ma, Yingzhao; Yuan, Yuan; Xiao, Pengfeng; Duan, Hongtao; Han, Zhongying; Gu, Xingfa

    2016-06-21

    Long-term datasets of number and size of lakes over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are among the most critical components for better understanding the interactions among the cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere at regional and global scales. Due to the harsh environment and the scarcity of data over the TP, data accumulation and sharing become more valuable for scientists worldwide to make new discoveries in this region. This paper, for the first time, presents a comprehensive and freely available data set of lakes' status (name, location, shape, area, perimeter, etc.) over the TP region dating back to the 1960s, including three time series, i.e., the 1960s, 2005, and 2014, derived from ground survey (the 1960s) or high-spatial-resolution satellite images from the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) (2005) and China's newly launched GaoFen-1 (GF-1, which means high-resolution images in Chinese) satellite (2014). The data set could provide scientists with useful information for revealing environmental changes and mechanisms over the TP region.

  12. A lake data set for the Tibetan Plateau from the 1960s, 2005, and 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wan, Wei; Long, Di; Hong, Yang; Ma, Yingzhao; Yuan, Yuan; Xiao, Pengfeng; Duan, Hongtao; Han, Zhongying; Gu, Xingfa

    2016-06-01

    Long-term datasets of number and size of lakes over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are among the most critical components for better understanding the interactions among the cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere at regional and global scales. Due to the harsh environment and the scarcity of data over the TP, data accumulation and sharing become more valuable for scientists worldwide to make new discoveries in this region. This paper, for the first time, presents a comprehensive and freely available data set of lakes’ status (name, location, shape, area, perimeter, etc.) over the TP region dating back to the 1960s, including three time series, i.e., the 1960s, 2005, and 2014, derived from ground survey (the 1960s) or high-spatial-resolution satellite images from the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) (2005) and China’s newly launched GaoFen-1 (GF-1, which means high-resolution images in Chinese) satellite (2014). The data set could provide scientists with useful information for revealing environmental changes and mechanisms over the TP region.

  13. The Food Hygiene Institutionalization of Park Junghee Government in 1960s.

    PubMed

    Lee, Eunhi

    2016-08-01

    This article investigates the historical background and distinctive characteristics of the Korean food hygiene policy during the 1960s. The 3 main findings of this study are as follows. First, Food Sanitation Law in the 1960s was established too hastily and thus mistakenly accommodated two discordant laws as American style law and empire of Japan style law. The legislation of Food Sanitation Law was progressed too quickly for the justification purpose of 5·16 military coup, as one of reorganization tasks of the Korean legal structure established under Japanese imperialism, Second, a division in charge of food hygiene in the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs was newly installed in 1967, as an outcome reflecting a variety of social demand, at least, minimally. Rongalite shock in Korea prompted diverse suggestions for preventing unfortunate accidents from toxic and harmful food. However, Korean Government did not provide the division with necessary budget and manpower to implement relevant regulations. Third, "the special law against health crimes" legislated in 1969, was characterized by severe punishment policy which might be performed afterward but not by protective measures against accidents in advance. The law enabled regulators to punish corrupt dealers up to life sentence. For the constitutional amendment for President for the third term, Park Chung-hee's regime tried to calm down the complaints of people. In sum, the regulations of Korean food hygiene in the 1960s were identified as government practices using an interesting combination of low costs and severe punishments.

  14. Nurses speak out for home care: winning the last great civil rights battle.

    PubMed

    Halamandaris, Val J

    2009-06-01

    In closing, it is clear that home care nurses are a very special breed. They are missionaries, committed to the goal of helping vulnerable Americans manage their health care needs and to preserving the freedoms and the independence that everyone cherishes. As is clear from the vignettes above, their first and last thoughts each day are for the well-being of their patients. They are so busy providing sophisticated care for a raft of complex medical problems common to their patients and filling out Medicare forms that they sometimes forget to take care of themselves. There is no doubt that they make a difference in the lives of patients and their families. Historically, nurses have been reluctant to take time away from caring for patients to take part in politics. As is evident from the summaries above and the stories of nurses from all 50 states that follow, nurses have had a change of heart. They have reached the conclusion that they must advocate for the aged, infirm, disabled and dying patients because patients cannot speak out for themselves. More and more nurses are becoming involved. One out of every 44 voters today is a nurse. Nurses show up at the polls; home care nurses have made it their responsibility to help make sure that homebound person vote by absentee ballot. They are also committed to march, to speak out for home care and hospice in what more and more are coming to call The Last Great Civil Rights Battle. They are also pushing for the inclusion of home and community based long-term care as part of national health care reform. They believe that home care is the answer to keeping the 12 percent of Americans who suffer from multiple chronic diseases and generate 75 percent of U.S. health care costs out of the hospital. The historian Arnold Toynbee put all these issues in perspective when he wrote that it is possible to measure the longevity and the accomplishment of any society by a common yardstick. I heard President John F. Kennedy quote Toynbee in

  15. A Report on the Investigation of the Civil Rights Enforcement Activities of the Office for Civil Rights. U.S. Department of Education. By the Majority Staff of the Committee on Education and Labor. U.S. House of Representatives, 100th Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    Since 1981, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the United States Department of Education has been accused of failing to enforce the civil rights laws according to its mandate. OCR is responsible for enforcing Federal laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, handicap, or age in educational programs or activities…

  16. Department of Justice Enforcement of Civil Rights Laws with Respect to Institutions of Higher Learning. Statement before the Subcommittee on Postsecondary Education, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives and the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights, Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    The Reagan Administration's record in enforcing the civil rights statutes that apply to higher education are reviewed by Assistant Attorney General Reynolds of the Department of Justice. Attention is directed to cases under the jurisdiction of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, and Section 504 of the…

  17. "The Civil Rights Movement of the 1990s?": The anti-abortion movement and the struggle for racial justice.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Richard L

    2006-01-01

    In 1964, Claude and Jeanne Nolen, who were white, joined an interracial NAACP team intent on desegregating local restaurants in Austin, Texas as a test of the recently passed Civil Rights ACt. Twenty-five years later, the Nolens pleaded "no contest" in a courtroom for their continued social activism. This time the issue was not racial segregation, but rather criminal trespassing for blockading abortion clinics with Operation Rescue. The Nolens served prison sentences for direct action protests that they believe stemmed from the same commitment to Christianity and social justice as the civil rights movements. Despite its relationship to political and cultural conservatism, the anti-abortion movement since Roe v. Wade (1973) was also a product of the progressive social movements of the turbulent sixties. Utilizing oral history interviews and organizational literature, the article explores the historical context of the anti-abortion movement, specifically how the lengthy struggle for racial justice shaped the rhetoric, tactics, and ideology of the anti-abortion activists. Even after political conservatives dominated the movement in the 1980s, the successes and failures of the sixties provided a cultural lens through which grassroots anti-abortion activists forged what was arguably the largest movement of civil disobedience in American history.

  18. Programming cell death in the 1960s: developmental biology beyond dichotomy.

    PubMed

    Park, Hyung Wook

    2015-01-01

    Programmed cell death (PCD) has been one of the most significant topics in modern biomedical research. Its broad importance in many biological and pathological phenomena, including morphogenesis, autoimmune disease, and cancer, demonstrates that its origin deserves a historical examination. By analyzing the role of developmental biology of the 1960s in shaping the notion of a program, this paper explains the emergence of a close correlation between not only life and death, but also the normal and the pathological in the postwar study of cell death.

  19. Forensic psychiatric units in Italy from the 1960s to the present.

    PubMed

    De Vito, Christian Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the long-standing continuities in the history of the Italian forensic psychiatric units and views them as the result of conflicting forces, interests, mentalities and strategies at the cross-road of forensic psychiatry, psychiatry, prison and health services. It focuses on the period from the 1960s to the present and deals with, among other issues, the long-term impact of the anti-asylum movements and the on-going debate on the 'phasing out' of the forensic psychiatric units.

  20. Our Own Communities, Our Own Schools: Educational Counter-Narratives of African American Civil Rights Generation Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mungo, Sequoya

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to document the schooling experiences and perceptions of African American students who attended segregated schools in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. Through counter-narratives the participants provided insight into education in Edgecombe County during the 1960s. Findings suggested that schools were social and academic…

  1. Relationships between Black Males and Females in Rhythm and Blues Music of the 1960s and 1970s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, James B.

    1979-01-01

    This paper explores the functions of rhythm and blues music in Black culture, specifically its treatment of male-female relationships and family formation. A change is noted from the idealism of the 1960s to more realistic images. (RLV)

  2. Relationships between right-wing authoritarianism, terrorism threat, and attitudes towards restrictions of civil rights: a comparison among four European countries.

    PubMed

    Kossowska, Małgorzata; Trejtowicz, Mariusz; de Lemus, Soledad; Bukowski, Marcin; Van Hiel, Alain; Goodwin, Robin

    2011-05-01

    The present study tested the role of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), terrorist threat, and sociopolitical 'climate' as predictors of support for governmental anti-terrorism policies and actions. Two dimensions of analysis were defined: the presence versus absence of al-Qaeda attacks, and adherence to surveillance versus anti-surveillance mainstream politics. In order to study the influence of these two contextual dimensions on the expression of attitudes, we selected four European countries that fall into these two dimensions--Poland, Belgium, Spain, and the UK. Results from our study provide support for the contention that attitudes towards restrictions of civil rights are related to RWA independently of the cultural context. Moreover, in the UK sample, we found that the threat of terrorism increases acceptance of limitations of civil liberties, but only among people who hold authoritarian beliefs. However, in Spain, the other country that experienced terrorist attacks, this moderation effect was not found which is interpreted in terms of differences in the sociopolitical climate in both countries. As predicted, we did not find such moderation effect in countries in which threat is relatively low (Poland and Belgium). The results are discussed with reference to the conceptual framework based on the importance of fear experiences, security-focused policies, as well as the specific cultural context in the study of reaction to terrorist threat.

  3. Self-advocacy among people with disabilities in the transition from good will to civil rights: Is it sufficient?

    PubMed

    Palmer, Charles D.

    2000-01-01

    The burdens associated with eliminating discrimination on the basis of disability have been bestowed upon those individuals in our society with the least experience in defending themselves from social and interpersonal bias. Offering people with disabilities training in civil rights, barrier identification, interpersonal communication, and problem solving skills to enhance and empower self-advocacy have been the primary means of government sponsored human service institutions to generate the desired social change. There is evidence that these actions are less than effective. Overt public commitment and outreach efforts are needed to effectively elicit change from those individuals who are directly responsible for discriminatory actions.

  4. Black physicians and the struggle for civil rights: lessons from the Mississippi experience: part 2: their lives and experiences.

    PubMed

    deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin

    2014-11-01

    Little information is available on the lives and experiences of black physicians who practiced in the South during the Jim Crow era of legalized segregation. In Mississippi and elsewhere, it is a story of disenfranchised professionals who risked life, limb, and personal success to improve the lot of those they served. In this second article on this topic, we present the stories of some of the physicians who were leaders in the civil rights movement in Mississippi as examples. Because the health disparities they sought to address have, not of their own making, been passed on to the next generation of physicians, the lessons learned from their experience are worthy of consideration.

  5. Transversal dental arch dimensions in 9-year-old children born in the 1960s and the 1980s.

    PubMed

    Lindsten, R; Ogaard, B; Larsson, E

    2001-12-01

    The transversal arch dimension has been studied in 2 different cohorts of 9-year-old children, a group of 119 (56 girls and 63 boys) from Norway and a group of 133 (72 girls and 61 boys) from Sweden. Half of the children in each group were born in the 1960s and half in the 1980s. The maxillary and mandibular transversal dimensions did not differ between the 1960s groups and the 1980s groups when the maxilla and the mandible were studied separately. When the intermaxillary relationship was assessed, a significant reduction in the intermaxillary difference was found in the boys born in the 1980s compared with the boys born in the 1960s. This was confirmed with different measurement points. In the girls, the mesial drift of the first permanent molars, because of a greater prevalence of caries in the 1960s groups, masked this effect. When the mesial drift of the first permanent molars in the girls born in the 1960s was considered, the transversal intermaxillary difference showed the same secular pattern as in the boys. When the mesial drift of the first permanent molars was considered, the intermaxillary difference in the 1960s groups resembled that found in an American sample of northwest European ancestry born in the 1940s to a greater extent compared with the children born in the 1980s.

  6. The Rights of Teachers. The Basic ACLU Guide to a Teacher's Constitutional Rights. An American Civil Liberties Union Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, David

    The book offers a basic guide to teacher's constitutional rights. Using a question and answer format, it details the freedom to teach, to lead one's private life, to select mode of dress and grooming; the freedom of religion, of speech, and association outside the classroom; and the freedom from arbitrary or discriminatory action by school…

  7. Civil Rights--State Action Is a Requirement for the Application of Section 1985 (3) to First Amendment Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malpass, Susan C.

    1976-01-01

    In Bellamy v. Masons's Stores, Inc., the Fourth Circuit of Appeals held that section 1985 (3) of the Ku Klux Klan Act displayed a congressional intent that state action be required for an action based on a conspiracy to deprive first amendment rights. The decision is examined in regard to Griffin v. Breckenridge. For journal availability see HE…

  8. The Case of Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education: From Civil Rights to Students' Rights and Back Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context: Legal scholars have cited the Fifth Circuit's ruling in Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education (1961) as the beginning of a revolution for students' rights that ended the in loco parentis relationship between colleges and their students. But little has been written about the students' activism that led to this seminal case.…

  9. '1966 and all that': Trends and developments in UK ergonomics during the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Waterson, Patrick; Eason, Ken

    2009-11-01

    The 1960s represents a key decade in the expansion of ergonomics within the UK. This paper reviews trends and developments that emerged out of the 1960s and compares these with ergonomics research and practice today. The focus in particular is on the expansion of ergonomics as a discipline within industry, as well as more specific topics, such as the emergence of areas of interest, for example, computers and technology, automation and systems ergonomics and consumer ergonomics. The account is illustrated with a detailed timeline of developments, a set of industrial case studies and the contents of important publications during the decade. A key aim of the paper is to provide the opportunity to reflect on the past and the implications this may have for future directions for ergonomics within the UK. The paper provides practitioners with an insight into the development of ergonomics in the UK during one of the most important decades of its history. This is especially relevant given the fact that in 2009 the Ergonomics Society celebrates its 60th anniversary.

  10. Statement of Hubert Velarde, Jicarilla Apache Tribe to United States Commission on Civil Rights at Albuquerque Convention Center (Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 14, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velarde, Hubert

    The statement by the President of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe emphasizes reservation problems that need to be examined. Presented at a 1972 Civil Rights Commission hearing on Indian Concerns, Velarde's statement listed employment, education, the administration of justice, water rights, and medical services as areas for investigation. (KM)

  11. The Sea Island Citizenship Schools: Literacy, Community Organization, and the Civil Rights Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schneider, Stephen

    2007-01-01

    We need to complicate current accounts of critical pedagogy by examining how educational institutions beyond traditional classrooms have served progressive movements. One example was the Sea Island Citizenship Schools. By examining the latter's history, we also become better aware of how the education-related work of the American civil rights…

  12. From the Civil War to 9/11: Democracy and the Right to a Fair Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcus, Alan S.

    2011-01-01

    In the United States, the right to a fair trial is protected by the Constitution. The ideal of justice is a critical underpinning of the democracy. However, while the United States is a model of an honorable and just court system most of the time, our constitutional rights are occasionally stretched or broken. The rationale is often national…

  13. Memories of early work on muscle contraction and regulation in the 1950's and 1960's

    SciTech Connect

    Huxley, Hugh E.

    2008-04-25

    Professor Ebashi's epic work on the biochemistry of the regulation of muscle contraction began in the early 1950's, during the same period that work on the molecular basis of force production in muscle was also beginning. The latter work started in two MRC Research Units in the UK, and was continued jointly by the two workers from those Units who had, independently, gone to MIT to learn the new techniques of electron microscopy and to apply them to muscle. In a somewhat similar fashion, Professor Ebashi also spent one or two years in the USA, continuing his work on the role of calcium in muscle regulation in Lippman's laboratory, before returning to Japan to achieve the great breakthroughs in this work during the 1960's. Hanson and Huxley, after putting forward the overlapping actin and myosin filament arrays model for the striated muscle sarcomere, and subsequently the sliding filament model of muscle contraction (simultaneously with A.F Huxley and R. Niedergerke), returned to the UK to pursue detailed structural studies in separate Research Units, in a mixture of consultation, collaboration, and competition, during the later 1950's and throughout the 1960's. However, the path to enlightenment described here in some detail was somewhat more tortuous than the standard literature perhaps reveals. Nevertheless, by the time of the Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Muscle Contraction in 1972, the two lines of enquiry on regulation itself, and on the tilting cross-bridge model of force production, had arrived at a good deal of common ground, and indeed the identification of troponin and its periodic distribution along the actin filaments had helped resolve a long-standing puzzle in the interpretation of the low angle X-ray diagram. Since then, an enormous amount of remarkable new work has been necessary to establish troponin regulation and the tilting cross-bridge mechanism in molecular detail, but the work in the 1950's and 1960's has provided a firm and accurate basis

  14. Indigenous populations in Mexico: medical anthropology in the work of Ruben Lisker in the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Suárez-Díaz, Edna

    2014-09-01

    Ruben Lisker's research on the genetic hematological traits of Mexican indigenous populations illustrates the intersection of international health policies and the local modernizing nationalism of the Mexican post-revolution period. Lisker's surveys of blood group types, and of G6PD (glucose-6-phosphodehydrogenase) and hemoglobin variants in indigenous populations, incorporated linguistic criteria in the sampling methods, and historical and cultural anthropological accounts in the interpretation of results. In doing so, Lisker heavily relied on the discourse and the infrastructure created by the indigenista program and its institutions. Simultaneously, Lisker's research was thoroughly supported by international and bilateral agencies and programs, including the malaria eradication campaign of the 1950s and 1960s. As a member of the scientific elite he was able to make original contributions to the postwar field of human population genetics. His systematic research illustrates the complex entanglement of local and international contexts that explains the co-construction of global knowledge on human variation after WWII.(1.)

  15. Trapped children: popular images of children with autism in the 1960s and 2000s.

    PubMed

    Sarrett, Jennifer C

    2011-06-01

    The lay public inherits much of its information about disability and mental illness through the media, which often relies on information from popular scientific works. Autism, as it was defined during the dominance of psychogenic paradigms of mental illness, generated certain tropes surrounding it, many of which have been popularized through media representations. Often inaccurate, these tropes have persisted into contemporary times despite a paradigmatic shift from psychogenic to biological explanations and treatments for mental illness. The current article examines images and articles of children with autism from the 1960s and the early 2000s in major news media and scientific literature to highlight the persistence of themes of fragmentation and the imprisonment of children with autism. While these themes have persisted in psychological and media literature, narratives of people with autism and their families often present a different perspective. This results in two divergent 'realities' of autism being disseminated into the general public.

  16. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence in the 1960s: Science in Popular Culture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Sierra

    2012-01-01

    Building upon the advancement of technology during the Second World War and the important scientific discoveries which have been made about the structure and components of the universe, scientists, especially in radio astronomy and physics, began seriously addressing the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence in the 1960s. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) quickly became one of the most controversial scientific issues in the post Second World War period. The controversy played out, not only in scientific and technical journals, but in newspapers and in popular literature. Proponents for SETI, including Frank Drake, Carl Sagan, and Philip Morrison, actively used a strategy of engagement with the public by using popular media to lobby for exposure and funding. This paper will examine the use of popular media by scientists interested in SETI to popularize and heighten public awareness and also to examine the effects of popularization on SETI's early development. My research has been generously supported by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory.

  17. The psychedelic 1960s, hippies in their 60s: substance abuse in the elderly.

    PubMed

    Hoffman, Janice

    2010-09-01

    Individuals who attended the famous Woodstock concert--known collectively as hippies--were part of the "counterculture" of the late 1960s and well known for their use of illicit, sometimes psychedelic, drugs. Did they and other former hippies, who are now in their sixties and seventies, continue their substance abuse, and how are they presenting now? This case evaluates a 77-year-old man who was referred to the geriatric assessment clinic for evaluation of worsening cognition. This case illustrates the need to conduct a complete medication history, including substance abuse and dietary supplements, in elderly patients. Consultant pharmacists with knowledge of alcohol and substance abuse and the influence of this abuse on a patient's drug regimen can make improved quality-of-life recommendations for appropriate dosage adjustments as needed.

  18. The attack of psychiatric legitimacy in the 1960s: rhetoric and reality.

    PubMed

    Grob, Gerald N

    2011-01-01

    During the 1960s there was a sustained attack on psychiatric legitimacy. Thomas S. Szasz was the most vituperative and best-known critic, but he was by no means alone. Individuals and groups from both extremes of the political spectrum were united in their belief that psychiatry was not a legitimate medical specialty, but one that was devoted to protecting its authority as well as enforcing societal norms associated with an unjust society. The attack on psychiatry, of course, did not occur in a vacuum; numerous social and intellectual currents played major roles. To comprehend such attacks and their consequences requires an understanding of the larger societal context as well as the changes that transformed psychiatry in the post-World War II years.

  19. Plow, town, and gown: the politics of family practice in 1960s America.

    PubMed

    Tobbell, Dominique

    2013-01-01

    In the 1960s, general practitioners organized themselves into a state-based nationwide political movement that lobbied state legislators and state-funded medical schools to create departments of family practice. They framed their calls in the context of the national shortages of primary care physicians by arguing that those medical schools that received state funding had an obligation to the state to train sufficient numbers of primary care physicians to ensure the health care needs of the state's residents would be met. As this article reveals, two defining features of this activism were rural politics and the politics of town and gown. The history of family practice thus introduces a new dimension to the familiar dyad of town and gown relations: the plow-rural physicians who brought to the medical politics of the post-World War II United States a distinctive and powerful set of political, social, and economic interests.

  20. "Civil unrest does not stop ovulation": women's prenatal and family planning services in a 1960s Detroit neighborhood clinic.

    PubMed

    DeGuzman, Pamela B; Schminkey, Donna L; Koyen, Emily A

    2014-01-01

    In 1965, Nancy Milio established a prenatal and family planning clinic in Detroit, Michigan, to address health disparities and limited access to care among low-income, African American, urban women. Women's health disparities persist today nationally and internationally. Using historical methods, this research analyzes how Milio provided women's health services in the context of the social and political environment. Milio empowered neighborhood women to direct, plan, and participate in the care they received. Successful methods to address disparities in access to family and planning and prenatal care should include empowered participation from the women these programs are intending to serve.