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Sample records for 1960s civil rights

  1. Amistad Symposium on Southern Civil Rights Litigation Records for the 1960s (New Orleans, Louisiana, December 8-9, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dillard Univ., New Orleans, LA. Armistad Research Center.

    This report contains transcripts of speeches given at the Amistad Symposium by lawyers, judges, and others active in the civil rights movement since the 1960s. Speakers include Clifton Johnson, J. Skelly Wright, John P. Nelson, Edwin King, Fred L. Banks, Jr., Lawrence A. Aschenbrenner, Frank R. Parker, Henry Schwarzschild, and Richard B. Sobol.…

  2. STATE EXECUTIVE AUTHORITY TO PROMOTE CIVIL RIGHTS, AN ACTION PROGRAM FOR THE 1960'S.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SILARD, JOHN

    THE QUESTIONS OF THE GOVERNOR'S POWER REGARDING CIVIL RIGHTS ISSUES WAS DISCUSSED. THROUGH THE "GOVERNOR'S CODE OF FAIR PRACTICES," WHICH BRIEFLY STATED THAT THE STATE'S BASIC POLICY WAS AGAINST DISCRIMINATION, THE GOVERNOR AS WELL AS ALL STATE OFFICIALS HAD SUFFICIENT POWER TO FIGHT DISCRIMINATION. THE OFFICIALS HAD FURTHER POWER WITH SUCH…

  3. Tenth Annual "Brown" Lecture in Education Research: A New Civil Rights Agenda for American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orfield, Gary

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews the impacts of the civil rights policies framed in the 1960s and the anti-civil rights political and legal movements that reversed them. It documents rising segregation by race and poverty. The policy reversals and transformation of U.S. demography require a new civil rights strategy. Vast immigrations, the sinking White…

  4. CIVIL RIGHTS AND MINORITIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HARTMAN, PAUL

    A MAJOR INTENT OF THE CONSTITUTION AND ITS AMENDMENTS, TO GUARANTEE EQUAL RIGHTS TO ALL CITIZENS REGARDLESS OF RACE, CREED, OR COLOR, HAS BEEN REINFORCED BY THE CIVIL RIGHTS STATUTES OF MANY STATES. IN SOME STATES SUCH LAWS HAVE BEEN ON RECORD FOR THREE-QUARTERS OF A CENTURY. IN OTHER STATES THE SAME CONSTITUTIONAL INTENT HAS BEEN DENIED BY…

  5. Civil Rights: Progress Report, 1970

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diamond, Robert A., Ed.; Alligood, Arlene, Ed.

    Contents of this comprehensive review of civil rights developments from 1968 to 1970 include: Introduction--civil rights 1970: progress continues, priority wanes; Legislative Background--20 years of civil rights; Commission Report--civil rights enforcement; a promise unfulfilled; Supreme Court Decision--key decision on busing, racial balance…

  6. The Library Bill of Rights in the 1960s: One Profession, One Ethic.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samek, Toni

    1996-01-01

    Discusses two vying interpretations of the Library Bill of Rights (intellectual freedom seen as pure neutrality or as social responsibility) and highlights conflicts that these views created within the American Library Association (ALA) from 1967 to 1973. Outlines early history of the Social Responsibilities Round Table of Libraries and the…

  7. Relating the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Civil Rights Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minor, Gary

    1989-01-01

    Incorporates material from the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's into the high school curriculum as part of a unit on the Reconstruction Era. Discusses the background and passage of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments and the beginning of Jim Crow laws as precursors to the Civil Rights Movement. (KO)

  8. "This Has Been Quite a Year for Heads Falling": Institutional Autonomy in the Civil Rights Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, Joy Ann

    2004-01-01

    Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and their students played a pivotal part in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and early 1960s. Private HBCUs, in particular, provided foot soldiers, intellectual leadership, and safe places to meet and plan civil disobedience. Their economic and political autonomy from the state enabled the…

  9. Vocational Education and Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This pamphlet discusses the "Guidelines for Eliminating Discrimination and Denial of Services on the Basis of Race, Color, National Origin, Sex, and Handicap in Vocational Education Programs," first issued by the Office for Civil Rights in 1979, and how they relate to the civil rights of students and staff. It also outlines the responsibilities of…

  10. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights' 40th Anniversary: The Road Ahead for Civil Rights. A Civil Rights Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civil Rights Journal, 1997

    1997-01-01

    This special theme issue of the newly titled "Civil Rights Journal" (previously titled "Perspectives"), commemorates the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights by presenting a written symposium that offers a wide range of perspectives on civil rights realities and the future of civil rights. Three context-setting articles…

  11. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...

  12. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...

  13. 7 CFR 2500.056 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Closeout § 2500.056 Civil rights. Awardees must comply with the civil rights requirements of 7 CFR part 15, subpart A—USDA implementation of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended. In accordance, no... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 2500.056 Section 2500.056...

  14. From Civil Rights to Human Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Julian

    2014-01-01

    This article traces the development of the "Deaf President Now" (DPN) movement and its similarities to the black civil rights movement. Movements typically begin with a concrete, precipitating event but are usually the result of known or shared incidents on the part of the participants, and the "Deaf President Now" movement…

  15. Getting the Civil War Right

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, James W.

    2011-01-01

    William Faulkner famously wrote, "The past is never dead. It's not even past." He would not be surprised to learn that Americans, 150 years after the Civil War began, are still getting it wrong. Did America's most divisive war start over slavery or states' rights? The author says that too many people--including educators--get it wrong. The author…

  16. From Mississippi to Miami: Florida International University Recruits Legendary Civil Rights Activist Bob Moses and His Nationally Recognized Math Literacy Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roach, Ronald

    2004-01-01

    Few historic episodes in American history have imparted a more potent plea for social justice and inclusion than the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. In the past two decades, legendary activist Bob Moses has channeled the best of the civil rights tradition into a campaign of school reform and curriculum development with the nationally…

  17. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State or... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as...

  18. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State or... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as...

  19. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State or... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as...

  20. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State or... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as...

  1. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3560.2 Section 3560.2 Agriculture... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... prohibition under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. 2000d and Title VI regulations...

  2. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  3. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  4. 30 CFR 881.12 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Civil Rights Act of 1964” (43 CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such forms as may... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 881.12 Section 881.12 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA § 881.12 Civil rights. State...

  5. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  6. The Transformed Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    Since 1968, the Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) has collected data on key education and civil rights issues in our nation's public schools for use by the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), other Department offices, other federal agencies, and by policymakers and researchers outside of the Department. The CRDC has…

  7. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  8. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  9. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 401.22 Section 401.22..., DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid award... Assisted Programs of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and with the Secretary's regulations...

  10. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  11. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing of discrimination...

  12. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  13. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2011-01-01 2010-01-01 true Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  14. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  15. 7 CFR 761.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 761.3 Section 761.3 Agriculture... SPECIAL PROGRAMS FARM LOAN PROGRAMS; GENERAL PROGRAM ADMINISTRATION General Provisions § 761.3 Civil rights. Part 15d of this title contains applicable regulations pertaining to civil rights and filing...

  16. 7 CFR 3555.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    .... Rural Development's civil rights compliance requirements are provided in 7 CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 3555.3 Section 3555.3 Agriculture... GUARANTEED RURAL HOUSING PROGRAM (Eff. 9-1-14) General § 3555.3 Civil rights. Rural Development, lenders,...

  17. 14 CFR 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1274.924 Section 1274.924... FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002 Work...

  18. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... Rights Act of 1964; (2) Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972, as amended; (3) Section...

  19. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... rights. Distributing agencies, subdistributing agencies and recipient agencies shall comply with the Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21...

  20. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  1. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  2. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  3. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.209 Civil rights. Attention is called to the requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  4. The Civil Rights Commission Must Persist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, Gerald A.

    2007-01-01

    Columnist George Will and others have questioned the continuing need for a federal civil rights commission, because civil rights protections have been on the books since 1964. The chairman of the Commission, Gerald Reynolds, here responds that practitioners of critical legal theory, advocates of the Akaka-Secession bill, some proponents of…

  5. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  6. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  7. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  8. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  9. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  10. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  11. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  12. Civil Rights' Policy Trends and Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    In these remarks, the Assistant Attorney General of the Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice, discusses the current Administration's policy and enforcement efforts on civil rights for the handicapped, particularly the blind. First, Reynolds stresses that the Administration's commitment to the principle of nondiscrimination in all areas…

  13. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  14. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  15. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  16. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  17. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  18. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  19. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  20. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  1. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  2. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  3. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  4. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  5. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  6. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  7. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  8. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  9. 50 CFR 82.20 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... thereunder, 43 CFR part 17. ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights. 82.20 Section 82.20 Wildlife... (MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT OF 1972) Administration § 82.20 Civil rights. Each cooperative...

  10. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  11. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  12. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  13. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  14. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  15. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  16. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  17. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  18. 7 CFR 1709.18 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... benefits and on equal employment opportunity including 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b; and 45 CFR part 90, as... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 1709.18 Section 1709.18 Agriculture... ASSISTANCE TO HIGH ENERGY COST COMMUNITIES General Requirements § 1709.18 Civil rights. This program will...

  19. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  20. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  1. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director. ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 880.16 Section 880.16 Mineral... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply...

  2. 7 CFR 250.21 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Department's nondiscrimination regulations (7 CFR parts 15, 15a, and 15b) and the FNS civil rights... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil rights. 250.21 Section 250.21 Agriculture... TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS AND AREAS UNDER ITS JURISDICTION General Operating Provisions § 250.21...

  3. 28 CFR 65.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 65.52 Section 65.52... Additional Requirements § 65.52 Civil rights. The Act provides that “no person in any state shall on...

  4. 7 CFR 1735.15 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 11 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 1735.15 Section 1735.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... Policies § 1735.15 Civil rights. Borrowers are required to comply with certain regulations...

  5. 28 CFR 33.52 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... the Department of Justice Non-Discrimination regulations 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G. ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 33.52 Section 33.52... Block Grants Additional Requirements § 33.52 Civil rights. The Justice Assistance Act provides that...

  6. 38 CFR 21.7310 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 21.7310... Bill-Active Duty) Administrative § 21.7310 Civil rights. (a) Delegation of authority concerning Federal... her jurisdiction. See part 18 of this chapter. These equal opportunity laws are: (1) Title VI,...

  7. 7 CFR 3550.3 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... CFR part 1901, subpart E. ... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. 3550.3 Section 3550.3 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General § 3550.3 Civil rights. RHS will administer...

  8. An End of Innocence: African-American High School Protest in the 1960s and 1970s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rury, John L.; Hill, Shirley

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers African-American student protests in secondary schools during the 1960s and early 1970s. Taking a national perspective, it charts a growing sense of independence and militancy among black students as they made the schools a focal point of activism. Activist students challenged established civil rights organisations on a…

  9. Civil Rights and Japanese-American Internment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Greg; Hojo, Samantha; Lai, Selena; Mukai, Gary; Yoda, Steven

    Students may not be as familiar with the Asian American struggle for equal rights as they are with the black struggle for equal rights. But Asian Americans' civil rights have also been challenged and/or denied throughout their history in the United States. This curriculum module contains six lessons and can be used as a supplement to history…

  10. 30 CFR 880.16 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... LAND RECLAMATION MINE FIRE CONTROL § 880.16 Civil rights. State and local authorities shall comply with... CFR part 17) and shall give assurances of compliance in such form as may be required by the Director....

  11. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... borrower or grantee or an agent of a borrower or grantee: (1) To refuse to make reasonable...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... borrower or grantee or an agent of a borrower or grantee: (1) To refuse to make reasonable...

  13. 7 CFR 3560.2 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS General Provisions and Definitions § 3560.2 Civil rights. (a... borrower or grantee or an agent of a borrower or grantee: (1) To refuse to make reasonable...

  14. Globalization of Constitutional Law and Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weissbrodt, David

    1993-01-01

    Two issues are discussed: (1) reasons for raising global and international human rights issues in constitutional law, civil rights, and administrative law courses in United States law schools; and (2) barriers to globalization of courses and ways to overcome them. (MSE)

  15. Gay marriage: a civil right.

    PubMed

    Dean, C R

    1994-01-01

    This article describes the author's efforts to secure marriage rights for same-sex couples in the District of Columbia. The importance of such rights are described in terms of their benefits to partners in areas such as inheritance, taxation, and benefit to society. It is argued that refusal to recognize same-sex marriages is not justified by statute and that discrimination on the basis of sex violates the District's Human Rights Act. Certain prior court cases, moreover, affirm the moral logic for extending marriage rights to same-sex couples. PMID:7860979

  16. Standing on a Strong Foundation of Servitude: The 1960's Civil Rights Movement, Septima Clark and Other South Carolina African American Women Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunter, Iris Renell

    2012-01-01

    This research study examines nine African American women educators during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement in South Carolina. Additionally, the study conducts an analogous study of the lifeworks and contributions of Septima Clark, an African American woman educator who made significant community activist contributions during this period. For its…

  17. Civil Rights Era Movers and Shakers in Higher Education: From Grassroots to Curricular Reform at San Francisco State College, 1967-1969

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Carolyn J.

    2004-01-01

    Thoughts of college student protests during the late 1960's and early 1970's often ignite memories of demonstrations against the Vietnam War. Stories of college student activism during the these years underplay the Civil Rights focus of African American students that preceded and paralleled the more salient Vietnam War protests. Less attention in…

  18. Eleanor Roosevelt and Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kirkwood-Tucker, Toni Fuss

    2011-01-01

    Eleanor Roosevelt's support of African American rights was one of the highlights of her activities as first lady. Her fearless advocacy for justice pulled her into political controversies that were unprecedented for the wife of a president. The first lady's initiatives in support of the rights of African Americans offer students an excellent…

  19. 50 CFR 401.22 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... INTERIOR AND NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE); ENDANGERED SPECIES COMMITTEE REGULATIONS SUBCHAPTER A ANADROMOUS FISHERIES CONSERVATION, DEVELOPMENT AND ENHANCEMENT § 401.22 Civil rights. Each application for Federal assistance, grant-in-aid...

  20. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement. A Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Conner

    This study examines many measures of enforcement output and outcomes that help to demonstrate the real impact of funding levels. The information, unless otherwise indicated was drawn from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and agency budget documents for Fiscal Years 1979 through 1996. Resources provided for civil rights enforcement…

  1. Department of Education Revives Civil Rights Office

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finkel, Ed

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on the mission of the Office for Civil Rights in the U.S. Department of Education to ensure equal access to education through compliance reviews. The Office hopes to use these reviews to provide technical assistance to help districts improve their performance. In late March, the Los Angeles Unified School District became the…

  2. A Changing Climate for Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Edward B.

    1983-01-01

    Identifies trends likely to influence civil rights issues in the 1980s: new emphases on entrepreneurial thinking, self-reliance, and meritocracy; a new socioeconomic agenda; and growing expectations that business will fill the gap left by shrinking government budgets and will support efforts to end discrimination against minorities and women. (CMG)

  3. Diagnosing an Employment Civil Rights Claim.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Nicholas D.

    1980-01-01

    An approach is developed to evaluating an employment civil rights claim, on the theory that proper diagnosis will facilitate a more appropriate defensive strategy. The statutory basis for the claims, substance of the complaint, parties defendant, pretext, feasible alternatives, and reasonable accommodation are discussed as claim criteria. (MSE)

  4. Needed: A New Educational Civil Rights Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clinchy, Evans

    2001-01-01

    Efforts to desegregate schools since the 1954 "Brown" decision have only partly succeeded. Racial and economic segregation still limits minority and poor children's educational opportunities. A new educational civil rights movement must replace authoritarian, antidemocratic standards and tests with diverse schools, staff, pedagogies, standards,…

  5. 42 CFR 59.209 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... issued by the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the approval of the President (45 CFR part 80). ... 42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil rights. 59.209 Section 59.209 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS GRANTS FOR FAMILY PLANNING...

  6. A Lightning Rod on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Healy, Patrick

    1999-01-01

    Examines the work of Norma V. Cantu, the head of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights and the controversy surrounding her tenure. Issues discussed include the range of concerns she must address, including affirmative action, gender equity in athletics, and college desegregation in the South, and her strategies for…

  7. 7 CFR 1738.17 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 20-15:320-15, “Equal Employment Opportunity in Construction Financed with RUS Loans”; 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b and 45 CFR part 90. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights. 1738.17 Section 1738.17...

  8. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Margaret

    2004-01-01

    The year 2004 marks 40 years since Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and 50 years since the two historic Brown v. Board of Education cases. In recognition of the anniversaries, Americans are gathering to take stock of how much has been accomplished, and how much yet must be done to ensure equality for all. The substandard conditions in…

  9. State Education Agency Civil Rights Responsibilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siegel, Peter

    This memorandum addresses the responsibility of State Education Agencies (SEAs) for insuring that local educational agencies do not violate students' civil rights. The SEA's duty is said to arise from two sources. First, in most if not all States, State law mandates that State education officials supervise and regulate the conduct of local school…

  10. 7 CFR 1738.17 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 20-15:320-15, “Equal Employment Opportunity in Construction Financed with RUS Loans”; 7 CFR parts 15 and 15b and 45 CFR part 90. ... 7 Agriculture 11 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights. 1738.17 Section 1738.17...

  11. 75 FR 9433 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Number 1190-0004] Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Nondiscrimination on... Justice, Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, will be submitting the following...

  12. Rights and Freedoms of Public School Students: Directions from the 1960s. ERIC/CEM State-of-the-Knowledge Series, Number Nine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaddy, Dale

    This monograph identifies the rights and freedoms of public school students at the secondary and elementary levels, and discusses the legal limitations or modifications that school officials can place on those rights and freedoms. For this paper, the reviewer investigated published and unpublished literature and the pertinent judicial decisions…

  13. Civil and Constitutional Rights of Adjudicated Youth.

    PubMed

    Landess, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    Mental health clinicians serving child and adolescent patients are frequently asked to evaluate youth who have been arrested for various offenses or who are otherwise involved with the juvenile justice system. To help orient clinicians and other stakeholders involved with such cases, this article describes the evolution of the juvenile justice system and summarizes the history and current status of the civil and constitutional rights of youth involved in the adjudicatory process. This article also points out key areas in which due process rights are still evolving, particularly in the case of status offenders. PMID:26593115

  14. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  15. Civil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chun, Ki-Taek; Zalokar, Nadja

    In 1989, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held a series of roundtable conferences to learn about the civil rights concerns of Asian Americans within their communities. Using information gathered at these conferences as a point of departure, the Commission undertook this study of the wide-ranging civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the…

  16. 24 CFR 1007.45 - Applicability of civil rights statutes.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Applicability of civil rights statutes. 1007.45 Section 1007.45 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban... civil rights statutes. To the extent that the requirements of title VI of the Civil Rights Act of...

  17. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  18. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  19. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  20. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9... ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if the... the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and part 7 of this chapter have been met....

  1. 7 CFR 3565.8 - Civil rights compliance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Civil rights compliance. 3565.8 Section 3565.8... AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM General Provisions § 3565.8 Civil rights compliance. (a... requirements of title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, as amended (the Fair Housing Act), are liable...

  2. Changing Perspectives on Civil Rights. United States Commission on Civil Rights Forum (Los Angeles, California, September 8-9, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    A subcommittee of the U.S. Civil Rights Commission heard testimony on social changes in progress and the future of civil rights, in the first of a series of forums. During the 2-day forum, the Commission received a wide range of information and views from representatives of federal, state, and local governments; civil rights groups; the press;…

  3. Funding Federal Civil Rights Enforcement: The President's 2006 Request

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Commission on Civil Rights, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The year 2005 marks 40 years since Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which was signed into effect by President Lyndon B. Johnson during the height of the Civil Rights Movement. But impediments to voting rights still exist, along with other civil rights problems. It is thus imperative that agencies be given the authority and adequate…

  4. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements. (a) What are the civil...

  5. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil rights requirements. 247.37 Section 247.37 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements. (a) What are the civil...

  6. 32 CFR 935.21 - Civil rights, powers, and duties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Civil rights, powers, and duties. 935.21 Section 935.21 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Civil Law § 935.21 Civil rights, powers, and duties. In any case...

  7. 14 CFR § 1274.924 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Discrimination Act of 1975 (42 U.S.C. 6101 et seq.), and the NASA implementing regulations (14 CFR parts 1250... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Civil rights. § 1274.924 Section § 1274... COMMERCIAL FIRMS Other Provisions and Special Conditions § 1274.924 Civil rights. Civil Rights July 2002...

  8. 75 FR 27816 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Title III of the Americans With Disabilities..., Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, will be submitting the following...

  9. 75 FR 9434 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 60-day notice of information collection under review: Title III of the Americans With Disabilities..., Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section, will be submitting the following...

  10. 18. INTERIOR OF CIVIL RIGHTS INSTITUTE, MILESTONE GALLERY EXHIBITION OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. INTERIOR OF CIVIL RIGHTS INSTITUTE, MILESTONE GALLERY EXHIBITION OF THE SIXTEENTH STREET CHURCH, LOOKING NORTHWEST - Sixteenth Street Baptist Church, 1530 Sixth Avenue North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

  11. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... Impact Analysis. The Agency is responsible for ensuring that all requirements of FmHA Instruction 2006-P, “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  12. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... Impact Analysis. The Agency is responsible for ensuring that all requirements of FmHA Instruction 2006-P, “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  13. Ideological Change and Black Identity during Civil Rights Movements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Beverly Hendrix

    1981-01-01

    Discusses the significance of two psychological variables (internal and external control) on Black civil rights in the last century. Identifies three eras: Colored-external, Negro-internal, and Black-external-internal. Reviews civil rights tactics for each era and also examines poetry as a reflection of the ideology of the times. (Author/GC)

  14. Civil Rights in Crisis: The Reagan Administration's Reforms.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schroyer-Portillo, Janet

    This paper identifies major changes in the area of civil rights which have been instituted during President Reagan's term in office and discusses their implications for Hispanics. Section I briefly outlines central themes of the Administration's attitude towards civil rights. Questions about their negative impact on Hispanics are raised. The next…

  15. 40 CFR 35.925-9 - Civil rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil rights. 35.925-9 Section 35.925-9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.925-9 Civil rights. That if...

  16. Bush Has Own View of Promoting Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Michelle R.

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses President Bush's own view of promoting civil rights. Mr. Bush has sought to redefine the discussion of civil rights in education. Instead of focusing on racial integration in public schools, for instance, the president has emphasized the achievement gap between minority and white students. He has spoken of school choice as a…

  17. The Developmentally Disabled: Civil Rights Issues. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts State Commission on the Legal and Civil Rights of the Developmentally Disabled, Boston.

    Presented is the final report of the Massachusetts Commission on Legal and Civil Rights of the Developmentally Disabled formed to investigate the civil rights problems of developmentally disabled citizens and to recommend and take action to correct the problems. It is noted that the report deals with the following areas: self-determination and…

  18. Report Details "Abandonment of Civil Rights Enforcement" during Reagan's Term.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Eileen M.

    1989-01-01

    According to a report published by a University of Chicago political science professor, the Reagan Administration attempted to dismantle the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR). Dr. Gary Orfield argues that during the Reagan presidency, OCR removed the threat of any enforcement of civil rights in higher education. (AF)

  19. The Emerging Partnership in Human Service Civil Rights Enforcement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotson, Betty Lou

    1983-01-01

    Describes the objectives and activities of the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Civil Rights (OCR) within the purview of the Reagan administration's civil rights policy. Describes OCR methodologies designed to ensure enforcement of nondiscrimination requirements in state implementation of programs under federal block grants. (MJL)

  20. Teaching Students about Civil Rights Using Print Material and Photographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dallmer, Denise

    2007-01-01

    The author describes teaching eighth-grade students about the civil rights movement. Teachers used photographs of students in the 1950s as a central theme of their unit about the U.S. civil rights movement. Using these photographs as a learning tool inspired the students to be engaged in history. At the end of the unit, students were able to…

  1. Education of Gifted Students: A Civil Rights Issue?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher, James J.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, James J. Gallagher explains, in the context of education, that "civil rights" means the guarantee of equal opportunity and justice for all and the actions taken against those barriers that stand in the way of such equality. How does the issue of civil rights bear on an area of special education such as the education of…

  2. The Test of Our Progress: The Clinton Record on Civil Rights. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corinne M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    The first part of this report consists of the findings of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights on the record of the Clinton administration on civil rights. Six years into President Clinton's term, he continues to speak with understanding and empathy about the plight of people trapped in racial and ethnic isolation, but his administration has…

  3. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements... agencies must ensure that no person shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, age, sex,...

  4. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements... agencies must ensure that no person shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, age, sex,...

  5. 7 CFR 247.37 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM § 247.37 Civil rights requirements... agencies must ensure that no person shall, on the grounds of race, color, national origin, age, sex,...

  6. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights

    MedlinePlus

    ... Civil Rights Search U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Search Close HHS A-Z Index About Us ... to participate in certain health care and human services programs without unlawful discrimination. HIPAA - Health Information Privacy ...

  7. Landmarks in the Judicial Interpretation of Civil Rights in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abraham, Henry J.

    1990-01-01

    Discusses a faculty seminar on landmark cases in the judicial interpretation of civil rights in the United States. States that the seminar is designed as a faculty development project to enhance the teaching of the Bill of Rights. Identifies the nature of the judicial process. Includes seminar syllabus and suggested readings. (RW)

  8. Children's Rights and Global Civil Society

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Eckhardt

    2007-01-01

    Although the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) was a significant international achievement, its adoption requires analysis and interpretation in terms of the possibilities and limitations of multilateral cooperation. The international movement for children's rights can only be conceived as the result of a system of multilateral…

  9. A Bridge to One America: The Civil Rights Performance of the Clinton Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kraus, Rebecca S.; Chambers, David R.

    This report assesses the civil rights record of Bill Clinton's presidential administration, examining progress made in federal civil rights law enforcement and policy development. Four sections include: (1) "Introduction: The Clinton Presidency in Perspective" (the civil rights landscape and continuing relevance of the fight for civil rights); (2)…

  10. Bringing Civil Rights Figures to the "Peace Table"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ledbetter, Mary; Field, Sherry L.; Baumi, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    In a fifth grade classroom at The University of Texas Elementary School (UTES), a unit on the Constitution sets the stage for a year of integrated learning. The very next unit of study focuses on the civil rights movement. Teaching UTES students, who come from diverse backgrounds, means exposing them to many points of view so that they may form…

  11. Teaching the Civil Rights Era: A Student-Active Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunn, Joe P.

    2005-01-01

    The civil rights movement is the most important historical event of the last fifty years, and it remains central to contemporary society. For all the purported attention at the elementary and secondary school levels, students and their teachers appear to know very little if anything beyond the names Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks. Student…

  12. A Chinaman's Chance in Civil Rights Demonstration: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sim, Yawsoon

    A traffic incident in April of 1975 developed into an unprecedented civil rights demonstration by Chinese residents in New York City's Chinatown in May of that year. This paper attempts to trace the factors which led to this large scale demonstration and analyze the development of decision making in this case. The demonstration was the result of…

  13. Untold Stories: Civil Rights, Libraries, and Black Librarianship.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, John Mark, Ed.

    Contributors to this volume shed light on old stories and focus attention on new issues relating to civil rights, libraries and black librarianship. Papers deal with such topics as people who taught others to read, people who founded libraries and those who supported them, library organizers and library users, people who wrote and edited books for…

  14. Civil Rights Issues Facing Arab Americans in Michigan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    This report is a summary statement of the Michigan Advisory Committee's study on civil rights issues facing Arab American communities in Michigan. It is based on information received by the Committee at a community forum held in Dearborn, Michigan, in 1999. Six sections focus on: (1) "Introduction," including Arab American demographics in Wayne…

  15. The Civil Rights Act and the Weight of History

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Terrence G.

    2015-01-01

    This article briefly reviews the contributions to this volume and revisits the original focus of the Civil Rights Act (CRA). It considers how much progress has been made in addressing the original concerns regarding ethnic and racial discrimination that the act was intended to address and the intersection of language issues with them. The article…

  16. Equity Overlooked: Charter Schools and Civil Rights Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2009-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) is in the midst of an analysis of rapidly growing charter school enrollment, which the authors anticipate releasing next month. Similar to trends described in their 2003 report and in other research on racial isolation in charter schools, they find higher levels of segregation for black students in charter schools…

  17. 42 CFR 457.130 - Civil rights assurance.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Civil rights assurance. 457.130 Section 457.130 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STATE CHILDREN'S HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMS (SCHIPs) ALLOTMENTS AND GRANTS TO STATES Introduction; State Plans for Child Health Insurance...

  18. Enforcement of Federal Civil Rights Laws in the Reagan Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    In this statement, William Bradford Reynolds, Assistant Attorney General, discusses the Federal government's enforcement policies and activities regarding equal employment opportunity, and defends the Reagan Administration and the Justice Department against charges cited in a report by the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. Reynolds contends…

  19. Picturing Equality: Exploring Civil Rights' Marches through Photographs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Santoli, Susan; Vitulli, Paige; Giles, Rebecca

    2015-01-01

    Exploring controversial and difficult events and issues with young children can be challenging. The Civil Rights Movement is an abstract, perhaps remote, issue for young children today. However, it is an important part of our country's history and a theme worthy of study. This article suggests ways to use photographs to explore this mature subject…

  20. The Office of Civil Rights and the Gifted: An Update.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karnes, Frances A.; And Others

    1997-01-01

    A study of 38 letters of finding examined the involvement of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in gifted education from 1992-95. Results indicate a majority of complaints handled by OCR involved minority access to gifted programs and an increase in the complaints involving gifted students with disabilities. (CR)

  1. Cloture Motion to Cease Debate on 1964 Civil Rights Bill

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Lee Ann

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author examines the practice of the filibuster, using as the featured document the signed cloture motion in the Senate for an end to the filibuster to block the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The accompanying teaching activities enable teachers to introduce their classes to the history and practice of the filibuster. (Contains 1…

  2. 24 CFR 891.820 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... requirements, project standards, and site and neighborhood standards under 24 CFR 891.120, 891.125, 891.210, 891.310, and 891.320, as applicable; and 24 CFR 8.4(b)(5), which prohibits the selection of a site or... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil rights requirements....

  3. 24 CFR 103.5 - Other civil rights authorities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... under title VI (24 CFR parts 1 and 2), section 109 (24 CFR 570.602)), Executive Order 11063 (24 CFR part 107), section 504 (24 CFR part 8), or other applicable law. ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Other civil rights authorities....

  4. 28 CFR 31.403 - Civil rights requirements.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Act of 1975; (f) The Department of Justice NonDiscrimination regulations, 28 CFR part 42, subparts C, D, E, and G; (g) The Department of Justice regulations on disability discrimination, 28 CFR parts 35... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil rights requirements. 31.403...

  5. 7 CFR 2.25 - Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... functions and responsibilities of that position under 29 CFR part 1614, including the authority: (A) To make... overall leadership, coordination, and direction for the Department's programs of civil rights, including... Advocacy and Outreach and affected agencies and mission areas. (4) Provide leadership and coordinate...

  6. WORLD WAR III The 1960's Version

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brocklebank, Roy

    2005-09-01

    This article is based on a lecture to the Royal Institute of Navigation History of Air Navigation Group at Tangmere Museum on 12 May 2004. The author served as a navigator-radar or a radar bomb aimer within RAF Bomber Command during the mid-1960s. This article is based on his experience of this time in Bomber Command and describes how the Medium Bomber Force would have carried out their war operations had nuclear deterrence failed. In its day these plans were TOP SECRET.

  7. The Continuing Struggle: Civil Rights and the Clinton Administration. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corrine M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    In 1993 the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights concluded that the election of Bill Clinton as President presented a new opportunity to work toward equal opportunity. In 1995, at the midpoint of his first term, the Commission identified the new and often formidable challenges his administration was facing in dealing with issues of equal…

  8. 75 FR 9434 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 60-day notice of information collection under review: Title II of the Americans With Disabilities... information collection request to the Office of Management and Budget for review and approval in...

  9. 75 FR 67116 - Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Federal Coordination and Compliance Section (FCS) AGENCY: Civil Rights Division, United States...

  10. Equality, Diversity and Opportunity: Civil Rights and Affirmative Action in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winston, Judith A.

    1991-01-01

    Challenges to civil rights and affirmative action in the 1990s are identified. Five cases of racial, sex, ethnic, and reverse discrimination behind the Civil Rights bills of 1990 and 1991 are discussed. The ultimate challenge is to demonstrate that if civil rights litigants win, others need not lose. (SLD)

  11. 24 CFR 108.21 - Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Civil rights/compliance reviewing... MARKETING § 108.21 Civil rights/compliance reviewing office compliance responsibility. The civil rights/compliance reviewing office shall be responsible for determining whether an applicant's actions are...

  12. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Office of Ethics and... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  13. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Office of Ethics and... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  14. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Office of Ethics and... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  15. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Office of Ethics and... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  16. 41 CFR 105-53.130-2 - Office of Ethics and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Office of Ethics and... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS Central Offices § 105-53.130-2 Office of Ethics and Civil Rights. The Office of Ethics and Civil Rights, headed by the Special Counsel for Ethics and Civil Rights, is responsible...

  17. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its substantive achievements in FY 2006. OCR's mission is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights. This report details OCR's accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws…

  18. Office for Civil Rights, Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces federal civil rights laws prohibiting discrimination in programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance from the Department of Education. Laws enforced by OCR include: (1) Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, color, and national origin;…

  19. 75 FR 60757 - Office for Civil Rights; Statement of Organization, Functions, and Delegations of Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-01

    ... Department of Health and Human Services, Chapter AT, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), as last amended at 69 FR..., and Delegations of Authority The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) has reorganized to better meet its... (OCR) as follows: I. Under Chapter AT, Office for Civil Rights (OCR), delete ``Section...

  20. Comment: The Rise and Fall of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frye, Jocelyn C.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    With some Congressional resistance, the Commission on Civil Rights began in 1957 and vigorously promoted civil rights until 1983. Today it lacks credibility due to questionable reorganization practices, a narrow definition of civil rights, and a change from the role of watchdog to one of preserver of the status quo. (VM)

  1. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to... OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM REGULATIONS PROGRAM-RELATED INSTRUCTIONS Civil Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  2. Statement before the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, on the Operations of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, William J.

    This report presents the findings of an investigation and audit of certain aspects of the operations of the United States Commission on Civil Rights commissioned by the Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. First, each allegation made against the Commission is briefly outlined and then findings are discussed…

  3. A moral justification for gay and lesbian civil rights legislation.

    PubMed

    Samar, V J

    1994-01-01

    This essay explores, in two parts, the problems of justifying civil rights legislation for gays, lesbians, and bisexuals. Part I shows that discrimination against gays and lesbians at least in respect to employment, housing, and public accommodations is an evil unsupported by ethical traditions in utilitarianism, rights theory, and communitarianism. It also shows that two theories, Kantian theory and natural law theory, which do support such discrimination on the claim that homoerotic behavior is universally or objectively immoral only do so because of a failure to make precise the concept of "natural" which underlies those theories. Part II argues that anti-discrimination legislation is both an appropriate and effective means to promote the idea that discrimination against lesbians and gays in respect to most employment, housing, and public accommodations is sufficiently injurious to both individuals and society that it should not be tolerated. The section also explains how such legislation might succeed practically in eliminating discrimination in these areas. PMID:7860981

  4. Renovating the 1960s School to the 2010 School Model

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Helgesen, Christian E.

    2010-01-01

    Fast-forward fifty years (from the 1960s) to 2010, and the question becomes, why should we consider renovating the 1960s school era buildings, especially if they maybe lacking culturally, economically and technologically from the present? Isn't it easier to create the 2010 school model as a new facility and build what is needed from the ground up?…

  5. 76 FR 2416 - Civil Rights Division, Federal Coordination and Compliance Section; Agency Information Collection...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ... Rights Division, Federal Coordination and Compliance Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Federal Coordination and Compliance Section Complaint Form. The Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Federal Coordination...

  6. Nine for Equality Under Law: Civil Rights Litigation. A Report to the Ford Foundation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKay, Robert B.

    This report reviews the litigation activities of the nine organizations which received financial assistance from the Ford Foundation to assess the usefulness of litigation as a means of advancing Constitutional civil rights. The litigation activities of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, and the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under…

  7. Hearing Before the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Phoenix, Arizona, November 17-18, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights held two days of hearings in Phoenix to investigate the civil rights status of Arizona Indian Tribes, to ascertain the nature and extent of their problems, and to try to arrive at a means to rectify those problems. The testimony offered at the public session came from representatives of local, state, Federal and…

  8. Justice Denied: The Loss of Civil Rights after the Grove City College Decision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClure, Phyllis; Califa, Antonio

    The impact of the Supreme Court's 1984 Grove City College v. Bell decision on the interpretation of civil rights laws is discussed in this report. The Grove decision, it is argued, has made it possible for institutions to discriminate in programs which do not receive direct Federal aid. As a result, civil rights and affirmative action laws have…

  9. The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume 6: To Extend Federal Financial Assistance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    The report evaluates the civil rights activities of several Federal agencies with responsibilities for ensuring nondiscrimination toward women and minorities in their Federally assisted programs under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The agencies reviewed are the Extension Service of the Department of Agriculture; the Health and Social…

  10. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1.37 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business...

  11. 10 CFR 1.37 - Office of Small Business and Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. 1.37 Section 1.37 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION STATEMENT OF ORGANIZATION AND GENERAL INFORMATION Headquarters Staff Offices § 1.37 Office of Small Business and Civil Rights. The Office of Small Business...

  12. "Fleshing Out Consensus": Radical Pragmatism, Civil Rights, and the Algebra Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wahman, Jessica

    2009-01-01

    It has been said that pragmatism's "merely instrumental" truths fail to motivate radical change whereas absolute ideals make excellent guiding and driving forces for justice. However, in "Radical Equations: Math Literacy and Civil Rights," Robert Moses speaks of the radical success of pragmatic principles, used in the Civil Rights Movement, that…

  13. Civil Rights Issues Facing the Blind and Visually Impaired in Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Springfield.

    This report is the result of a conference that examined major civil rights issues facing people who are blind and visually impaired in Illinois and is intended to inform the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights concerning issues of equal protection. The introductory chapter reviews leading types and causes of blindness and visual impairment, incidence…

  14. The Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Effort--1974. Volume II: To Provide ... For Fair Housing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckley, Grace M.; And Others

    This report evaluates the Civil Rights activities of seven federal agencies with fair housing responsibilities. It is the second of a series of six reports to be issued by the Commission on Civil Rights describing the structure, mechanisms, and procedures utilized by the federal departments and agencies in their effort to end discrimination…

  15. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  16. 7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart E of... - Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Compliance Reviews A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING... Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. A Exhibit A to Subpart E of Part 1901—Civil Rights Compliance Reviews...

  17. Martin Luther King, Jr., the Civil Rights Movement, and Educational Reform.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willie, Charles Vert; Sanford, Jayminn Sulir

    1991-01-01

    Educational opportunity and civil rights are the bedrock of America's best and worst attempts to achieve pluralism. The civil rights movement shook the nation's moral fiber, weakening only after reaching the highest governing bodies. Educational reform efforts could learn much from this lesson in successful social transformation. Educational…

  18. Lost Opportunities: The Civil Rights Record of the Bush Administration Mid-Term.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liss, Susan M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    This study of the civil rights policies and practices of the Bush Administration reviews the first 2 years of that administration's actions, presents recommendations for the future, and offers a series of working papers prepared by experts in the civil rights field. Part 1 of two major parts presents the actual report of the Citizen's Commission…

  19. 76 FR 35949 - Agency Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint) Activity Under OMB Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-20

    ... AFFAIRS Agency Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint) Activity Under OMB Review....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint, VA Form 10-0381. OMB Control Number... discrimination. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to a collection...

  20. Civil Rights and Social Justice: A Path to Engagement and Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golod, Flo

    2008-01-01

    When one listens to Southside Family Charter School kids articulate the lessons they've learned from the school's civil rights curriculum, it's clear that demographic descriptors often lead to low expectations. These kids are articulate, knowledgeable, and deeply engaged in their study of the civil rights movement. They bring the same competence…

  1. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This report covers the activities of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) from October 1, 2002, to September 30, 2003. In addition to describing OCR's civil rights compliance program, the report demonstrates how OCR is able to make a real difference in the lives of students. 2004 marks a special year in America's…

  2. Office for Civil Rights: Ensuring Equal Access to Quality Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This brochure describes the activities of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the U.S. Department of Education. The OCR is a law-enforcement agency charged with upholding the federal civil-rights laws that prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, and age in programs and activities that receive federal…

  3. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This report details the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights' (OCRs') accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws under which OCR has been granted jurisdiction to address and remedy discrimination. These enforcement efforts include complaint investigation and resolution, compliance reviews and technical assistance, as well…

  4. Annual Report to Congress of the Office for Civil Rights. Fiscal Years 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This paper is the Office for Civil Rights's (OCR's) "Annual Report to Congress" for fiscal years 2007 and 2008. This report details OCR's accomplishments in enforcing the civil rights laws under which OCR has been granted jurisdiction to address and remedy discrimination. These enforcement efforts include complaint investigation and resolution,…

  5. Annual Report to Congress of the Office for Civil Rights. Fiscal Year 2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This paper is the Office for Civil Rights' (OCR's) "Annual Report to Congress" for fiscal year 2006. In this report, OCR provides a summary of its substantive achievements in FY 2006. OCR's mission is to ensure equal access to education and to promote educational excellence throughout the nation through vigorous enforcement of civil rights. This…

  6. Civil Rights Groups Split over NCLB: Accountability Provisions Stirring Heated Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Karla Scoon

    2005-01-01

    Leading national civil rights groups and advocates are increasingly divided over whether the No Child Left Behind Act will improve the academic achievement of poor and minority students, a rift that is generating conversation and concern among a circle of people accustomed to working together. Few civil rights advocates disagree with the law's…

  7. Federal Civil Rights Enforcement Efforts in Mid-America. A Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    This report summarizes a 1983 study, following previous research by the United States Commission on Civil Rights. The study examined several aspects of civil rights programs within federal agencies in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska: distribution of authority and resources, accomplishments in 1980, and plans for 1983. Information was obtained…

  8. Politics, Civil Rights, and Disproportional Identification of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kauffman, James M.; Landrum, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    The civil rights movements involving skin tone, gender or gender orientation, disability, and other physiognomic features remain important in securing the legal rights of individuals to equal treatment and equal opportunities regardless of their personal characteristics of color, origin, gender, and so on. Unfortunately, these welcome civil rights…

  9. Civil Rights Project's Response to "Re-Analysis" of Charter School Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Civil Rights Project / Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Civil Rights Project (CRP) was founded, in part, to bring rigorous social science inquiry to bear on the most pressing civil rights issues. On-going trends involving public school segregation have been a primary focus of the CRP's research, and the expanding policy emphasis on school choice prompted analysis of the much smaller--but…

  10. Reinvigorating the Teaching of the Civil Rights Movement: The Praxis Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Caskey; Rios, Francisco; Zamudio, Margaret; Bridgeman, Jacquelyn

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the work and findings of the Praxis Project: a group of university educators who worked with elementary and secondary school teachers in a professional development setting to reinvigorate their civil rights pedagogy. The Praxis group created a "Six Category Model for Teaching Civil Rights" and used that model as a foundation…

  11. The Freedom Schools, the Civil Rights Movement, and Refocusing the Goals of American Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hale, Jon N.

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the history of the 1964 Mississippi Freedom Schools to illustrate how integrating the Civil Rights Movement into the social studies curriculum refocuses the aims of American education on participatory democracy. Teaching the Civil Rights Movement and employing the teaching strategies used in the Freedom Schools leads to the…

  12. Civil Rights Enforcement Gone Haywire: The Federal Government's New School-Discipline Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Richard A.

    2014-01-01

    In January, 2014, the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Office for Civil Rights in the Department of Education (ED) issued a joint "Dear Colleague Letter" to K-12 schools. The topic discussed in their joint letter is whether administrators are punishing minority children more harshly than white children for…

  13. From hand maiden to right hand--the Civil War.

    PubMed

    Holder, Victoria L

    2003-09-01

    Before the onset of the US Civil War, women were expected to take care of individuals in their households who were sick or injured. The Civil War marked the first time the concept of women working as nurses outside of the household was established in the United States. This article, which is the first in a two-part series on nursing during the Civil War, outlines the medical conditions in the United States at the start of the War Between the States. The second article in this series will detail the role of the first female Civil War nurses. PMID:14507123

  14. 28 CFR 50.3 - Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. 50.3 Section 50.3 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 50.3 Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. (a) Where the heads of agencies having responsibilities under title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  15. 28 CFR 50.3 - Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. 50.3 Section 50.3 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 50.3 Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. (a) Where the heads of agencies having responsibilities under title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  16. 28 CFR 50.3 - Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. 50.3 Section 50.3 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 50.3 Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. (a) Where the heads of agencies having responsibilities under title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  17. 28 CFR 50.3 - Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. 50.3 Section 50.3 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 50.3 Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. (a) Where the heads of agencies having responsibilities under title VI of the Civil Rights Act...

  18. Civility: The Right Thing to Teach in Contentious Times

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nilsen, Alleen Pace

    2008-01-01

    Drawing attention to widespread instances of discourteous speech and hate discourse that permeate US and world culture, Alleen Pace Nilsen maintains that our imperative as educators is to teach "students the benefits of being civil to each other." She proposes some avenues for enriching students' understanding of the power of civil language.

  19. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Systems. 16.90 Section 16.90 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... justified for the following reasons: (1) Subsection (c)(3). To provide the subject of a criminal, civil,...

  20. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Systems. 16.90 Section 16.90 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... justified for the following reasons: (1) Subsection (c)(3). To provide the subject of a criminal, civil,...

  1. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Systems. 16.90 Section 16.90 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... justified for the following reasons: (1) Subsection (c)(3). To provide the subject of a criminal, civil,...

  2. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Systems. 16.90 Section 16.90 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... justified for the following reasons: (1) Subsection (c)(3). To provide the subject of a criminal, civil,...

  3. 28 CFR 16.90 - Exemption of Civil Rights Division Systems.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Systems. 16.90 Section 16.90 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PRODUCTION OR DISCLOSURE OF....S.C. 552a (j) and (k): Central Civil Rights Division Index File and Associated Records (JUSTICE/CRT... justified for the following reasons: (1) Subsection (c)(3). To provide the subject of a criminal, civil,...

  4. Rhetorical Perspectivism of Black Congressmen upon the 1875 Civil Rights Bill.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haskins, William A.

    In their new roles as congressmen after the Civil War, blacks, for the first time in American history, advanced views of civil rights that reflected black perspectives. One scheme for analyzing black rhetoric suggests that black congressmen did not share the perspective held by many whites--that blacks were inept individuals. Rather, the black…

  5. 76 FR 20821 - Proposed Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint); Comment Request

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-13

    ... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Civil Rights Discrimination Complaint); Comment Request AGENCY... certain information by the agency. Under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) of 1995, Federal agencies are required to publish notice in the Federal Register concerning each proposed collection of...

  6. 78 FR 37529 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request; Mandatory Civil Rights Data Collection

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-21

    ...: Department of Education (ED), OCR. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of...-16, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) is clearing the CRDC as a separate collection from EDFacts....

  7. Science education as a civil right: Urban schools and opportunity-to-learn considerations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tate, William

    2001-11-01

    In this article I make the case that urban science education is a civil rights issue and that to effectively address it as such we must shift from arguments for civil rights as shared physical space in schools to demands for high-quality academic preparation that includes the opportunity to learn science. The argument is organized into two sections: first, a review of the school desegregation literature to make the case that urban science education for all is a civil rights issue; and second, an examination and critique of opportunity-to-learn literature, including an analysis of three opportunity-to-learn constructs to illustrate their potential as civil rights tools in science education.

  8. Clair Engle and the brain tumor that almost derailed the Civil Rights Act.

    PubMed

    Son, Colin

    2015-07-01

    Senator Clare Engle was a United States senator from California who cast an important vote to end the filibuster of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, even as a brain tumor had left him with an expressive aphasia and would claim his life just a month later. This paper reviews the history of Senator Engle's illness in parallel with that of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. PMID:26126397

  9. The United States Commission on Civil Rights Statement on Affirmative Action. Clearinghouse Publication 54.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    In this position paper on affirmative action prepared by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights it is noted that the single most important occurrence in the evolution of equal employment law was the recognition by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Supreme Court of the U.S. that the mandate of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 could…

  10. Mereside: A Grammar School for Girls in the 1960s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambart, Audrey

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the sociology of education within the context of educational streaming and its influence on students at a British girls' grammar school in the 1960s. It examines the patterns of association among the pupils and student perceptions as to their being accepted by their teachers or victimized by them. (GR)

  11. New Challenges: The Civil Rights Record of the Clinton Administration Mid-Term. Report of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Corrine M., Ed.; Taylor, William L., Ed.

    This report is the work of the Citizens' Commission on Civil Rights, a bipartisan group of former federal officials with responsibility for equal opportunity. Part 1 contains three chapters: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Executive Summary and Review"; and (3) "Recommendations of the Commission." Part 2 contains the following working papers: (4)…

  12. In Support of Civil Rights: Taking On the Initiative. LEAP (Leadership Education for Asian Pacifics, Inc.) Special Report, Proposition 209, "The California Civil Rights Initiative."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leadership Education for Asian Pacifics (LEAP) Asian Pacific American Policy Inst.

    Proposition 209 is a statewide constitutional amendment initiative in California, which, if passed in November 1996, will eliminate all statewide affirmative action programs. It is argued that, contrary to its title, this amendment is an extreme and unnecessary measure that will actually undermine further advances in civil rights. There are…

  13. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1999. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes the accomplishments of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) during fiscal year 1999. It describes the strategies that were used to implement fair, efficient, and effective enforcement of the civil-rights laws, as well as reforms that ranged from a redesigned case process that focuses on resolution to attaining civil-rights…

  14. 75 FR 1082 - Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Civil Rights Division; Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested ACTION: 60 Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Procedures for the Administration of Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965....

  15. The Southwest Indian Report. A Report of the U. S. Commission on Civil Rights, May 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, John H., Jr.; And Others

    The investigation of civil rights violations for American Indians in Arizona and New Mexico covers Federal, state, and local employment; elementary, secondary, and higher education; and health needs, especially the Indian Health Service. It also discusses urban and reservation administration of justice and water rights. Conclusions and…

  16. Wards Cove Packing Co, Inc. v Atonio: The Changing Rules of Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henn, Edward M.; Pell, Sarah W. J.

    1990-01-01

    The United States Supreme Court, in an employment practices case, apparently moved away from protecting the individual's rights against discrimination. However, the case focused on the theory of disparate impact, not disparate treatment, and hardly signals the end of civil rights. Suggests a review of school district employment practices and…

  17. The Rights of Indians and Tribes. An American Civil Liberties Union Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pevar, Stephen L.

    Published in cooperation with the American Civil Liberties Union, the guide sets forth the rights of American Indians under the present law and offers suggestions on how these rights can be protected. Using a question and answer format, the book covers the changes in Indian policies from the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 to the present day,…

  18. Civil Rights Continued: How History Positions Young People to Contemplate Sexuality (In)justice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Sandra J.

    2014-01-01

    Same-sex marriage is part of a global civil rights struggle for LGBQ rights. How this movement is framed, advanced, and critiqued across the globe can be linked to how young people in schools are prepared to deliberate social issues in the political sphere. This article examines national history books as cultural artifacts that present what is…

  19. 77 FR 23229 - Submission for OMB Review; Assurance of Compliance-Civil Rights Certificate

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-18

    ... Rights (OCR) has enforcement responsibilities under several civil rights laws, including Title VI, Title... these responsibilities, OCR collects assurances of compliance from applicants for Federal financial..., as stated in the Summary above, OCR and the U.S. Department of Justice can use the signed...

  20. Teaching about Gay Civil Rights: U.S. Courts and the Law

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Robert W.; Cruz, Bárbara C.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the authors explore the timely and sometimes controversial topic of gay civil rights and how the attendant issues might be taught in the social studies classroom. Many teachers shy away from teaching students about gay rights issues for a variety of reasons including personal beliefs, a lack of instructional time as a result of…

  1. Civil Rights in Maine. Proceedings of a consultation sponsored by the Maine Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (Augusta, Maine, November 16-17, 1978).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maine Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, Augusta.

    This publication records statements made by representatives of some 20 organizations at a Consultation on the Status of Civil Rights in Maine. Following the chairperson's introductory remarks, presentations on the following five sets of issues are offered: (1) general and multiple civil rights issues (the Maine Human Rights Commission, the Pine…

  2. Identifying and Investigating the Late-1960s Interhemispheric SST Shift

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Friedman, A. R.; Lee, S. Y.; Liu, Y.; Chiang, J. C. H.

    2014-12-01

    The global north-south interhemispheric sea surface temperature (SST) difference experienced a pronounced and rapid decrease in the late 1960s, which has been linked to drying in the Sahel, South Asia, and East Asia. However, some basic questions about the interhemispheric SST shift remain unresolved, including its scale and whether the constituent changes in different basins were coordinated. In this study, we systematically investigate the spatial and temporal behavior of the late-1960s interhemispheric SST shift using ocean surface and subsurface observations. We also evaluate potential mechanisms using control and specific-forcing CMIP5 simulations. Using a regime shift detection technique, we identify the late-1960s shift as the most prominent in the historical observational SST record. We additionally examine the corresponding changes in upper-ocean heat content and salinity associated with the shift. We find that there were coordinated upper-ocean cooling and freshening in the subpolar North Atlantic, the region of the largest-magnitude SST decrease during the interhemispheric shift. These upper-ocean changes correspond to a weakened North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC). However, the THC decrease does not fully account for the rapid global interhemispheric SST shift, particularly the warming in the extratropical Southern Hemisphere.

  3. Civil Rights and the Changing Admissions Policy at a Mid-Western University: The Impact of Two Cases

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bayar, Adem; Kerns, James H.

    2013-01-01

    Due to the value of personal rights and freedoms, along with the associated questions and continuing problems, the issue of "civil rights" continues to be relevant in the twenty-first century. In the United States, the civil rights of disenfranchised people are adversely affected by various social, regional, and federal policies.…

  4. Civil Disobedience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martz, Carlton

    2000-01-01

    This theme issue looks at three historical and recent instances of civil disobedience. The first article examines the Free Speech Movement, which arose on the Berkeley campus of the University of California in the 1960s. The second article recounts the struggle of Mahatma Gandhi to free India from the British Empire. The final article explores the…

  5. Revenue Sharing and its Impact on Civil Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGraw, Marvin A.

    1975-01-01

    A discussion by the Assistant to the Director, Office of Revenue Sharing, U.S. Treasury Department, of the four part approach of that agency to extending the ability of the federal government to combat discrimination in the state and local sector; human rights workers should focus on the monetary and economic impact these funds have on the…

  6. Civil Rights in Education, Revisiting the Lau Decision. IDRA Focus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    IDRA Newsletter, 1995

    1995-01-01

    This newsletter contains seven articles related to the educational rights of culturally diverse language-minority students. "20 Years after Lau: In Pursuit of Equity Not Just a Language Response Program," by Alicia Salinas Sosa, points out that educational responses to Lau vs. Nichols have been minimum-compliance programmatic responses rather than…

  7. Helping General Physical Educators and Adapted Physical Educators Address the Office of Civil Rights Dear Colleague Guidance Letter: Part V--Outdoor Pursuits as an Extracurricular Alternative for Addressing Office of Civil Rights Guidance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Timothy D.; Felix, Manny

    2013-01-01

    The Office of Civil Rights (OCR) recently clarified that schools are required to provide students with disabilities (SWD) equal opportunities to participate in extracurricular activities (U.S. Department of Education [USDE] Office for Civil Rights, 2013). Schools have flexibility to design and expand extracurricular opportunities based on existing…

  8. Civil Rights Acts: The Use of Presidential Power to Achieve Equality in American Society.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Jack

    1981-01-01

    Presents an activity for senior high government courses about how President Johnson used his powers of persuasion to obtain civil rights legislation. Students analyze the effectiveness of arguments and persuasive techniques in two letters from President Johnson to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. (RM)

  9. On Values, Determinants of Spending, and Civil Rights: Response to Commentaries on Braddock et al.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braddock, David

    1987-01-01

    In response to comments on his nationwide study of public mental retardation/developmental disabilities spending in the states, the author considers classification of funds (income maintenance, large private facilities and prisons, nursing homes, and education/vocational rehabilitation), values, determinants, civil rights, and reform. (DB)

  10. 77 FR 66465 - Office of Civil Rights; Submission for OMB Review; Nondiscrimination in Federal Financial...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-11-05

    ... ADMINISTRATION Office of Civil Rights; Submission for OMB Review; Nondiscrimination in Federal Financial... Register at 77 FR 43083, on July 23, 2012. No comments were received. Public comments are particularly... General Services Administration will be submitting to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) a...

  11. The Navajo Nation: An American Colony. A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCabe, Carol J.; Lewis, Hester

    The major portion of this report is devoted to the Anglo and American Indian testimony from the 1973 Commission on Civil Rights Hearings on Navajo economic development, employment, education, and health care. Among the major recommendations cited are those calling for: (1) legal recognition of the Navajo Tribal Council to provide for favorable tax…

  12. Teaching Young Children about the Civil Rights Movement: Applying Effective & Developmentally Appropriate Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Janet E.; Root, Tonja L.; Lee, Seungyoun

    2015-01-01

    Considering the importance of the Civil Rights Movement, children need to be introduced to the related concepts early in their school experiences, and teachers need to consider students' developmental needs and curriculum standards in order to provide appropriate content and methods of instruction. The purpose of this article is to introduce a…

  13. Texas: The State of Civil Rights. Ten Years Later, 1968-1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avena, J. Richard; And Others

    It has frequently been said that the past decade has been one of major advances for Black and Mexican American Texans. A study by the Texas Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights reported that, to the contrary, Texas, at all governmental levels, consistently underemployed, underrepresented, underutilized and underestimated…

  14. Civil Rights: A Current Guide to the People, Organizations, and Events.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, A. John; Burke, Joan Martin

    This book was originally prepared as quick reference for the correspondents, producers, and editors of CBS News. In a time of reportedly frequently confusing civil rights activity, it is considered virtually impossible for individuals to keep track of important events and personalities. This book is intended to be a practical aid in refreshing…

  15. Beyond the Playing Field: Jackie Robinson, Civil Rights Advocate. Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC.

    This packet provides primary source documents and lesson plans relating to the study of Jackie Robinson as a civil rights advocate. The legendary baseball player, Jack Roosevelt Robinson, was the first black man to "officially" play in the big leagues in the 20th century. Jackie Robinson was not only a stellar baseball player, but he went on to…

  16. CIVIL RIGHTS, U.S.A.--HOUSING IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    THE COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS HAS FOUND THAT HOUSING IS THE ONE COMMODITY IN THE AMERICAN MARKET THAT IS NOT FREELY AVAILABLE ON EQUAL TERMS TO EVERYONE WHO CAN AFFORD TO PAY. TO A LARGE EXTENT, THE WASHINGTON, D.C., METROPOLITAN AREA IS RACIALLY SEGREGATED IN ITS HOUSING PATTERN, WITH DISCRIMINATION AS THE PRINCIPAL CONTRIBUTING FACTOR. THE…

  17. Fostering Historical Thinking toward Civil Rights Movement Counter-Narratives: Documentary Film in Elementary Social Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Lisa Brown

    2015-01-01

    This article describes how elementary preservice teachers used four documentary films to think historically about the United States Civil Rights Movement. The author situates the descriptive case study within research about historical thinking and documentary film, identifying the need for using documentary film to think historically in the…

  18. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B Exhibit B to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

  19. 29 CFR 1614.310 - Right to file a civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION FEDERAL SECTOR EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY Related Processes § 1614.310 Right to file a civil action. An individual who has a complaint processed pursuant to 5 CFR part 1201, subpart E or this subpart is authorized...

  20. Getting Uncle Sam to Enforce Your Civil Rights. Clearinghouse Publication 59.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartley, Mary Elizabeth

    This booklet was written to help persons who believe that their civil rights have been denied and who wish to file a complaint with the Federal government. In regard to discrimination because of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin, guidelines are presented for filing complaints about denial of opportunities in the areas of credit,…

  1. Remarks of William Bradford Reynolds, Assistant Attorney General, Civil Rights Division, before the Southern Education Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reynolds, William Bradford

    Issues pertaining to desegregation of public higher education are discussed by the Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Justice. Reynolds states that forced busing is probably not the best means of desegregating a public school system and that he is unpersuaded that society is reaching the ideal of colorblindness…

  2. Our Grandparents' Civil Rights Era: Family Letters Bring History to Life

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Willow

    2013-01-01

    This article describes second graders in a predominantly white suburban school who were assigned to ask their grandparents to write about their experiences during the Civil Rights Movement. The letters bring surprising wisdom--and some thought-provoking issues--to the classroom. The author found that the power of the primary source documents…

  3. Civil Rights Compliance in Vocational Education. 1993-94 Annual Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Board of Education, Lansing.

    This document provides a status report of the Michigan Department of Education's Civil Rights Compliance Program in the area of vocational education. The report is based on compliance audits of a minimum of 20 percent of the state's total number of secondary and postsecondary vocational education providers. Compliance activities were conducted by…

  4. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve

    2011-01-01

    The charter school movement has been a major political success, but a civil rights failure. As the country moves steadily toward greater segregation and inequality of education for students of color in schools with lower achievement and graduation rates, the rapid growth of charter schools has expanded a sector that is even more segregated than…

  5. Office for Civil Rights Survey Redesign: A Feasibility Survey. Contractor Report. Statistical Analysis Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mansfield, Wendy; Farris, Elizabeth

    This report provides results of a Fast Response Survey System (FRSS) study conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics for the Office for Civil Rights (OCR). The OCR wanted input for their decision-making process on possible modifications to their biennial survey of a national sample of public school districts (PSDs). The survey, the…

  6. Classification, Social Contracts, Obligations, Civil Rights, and the Supreme Court: Sutton v. United Air Lines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnbull, H. Rutherford, III; Stowe, Matthew J.

    2001-01-01

    This article analyzes the 1999 decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, Sutton v. United Air Lines, as it pertains to people with disabilities, especially students covered by federal education and civil rights legislation. It sets out implications of the decision for special and general educators as they engage in Individualized Education Program…

  7. Women in History--Marian Wright Edelman: Crusader for Civil and Children's Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mills, Shirley J.

    2006-01-01

    This article profiles Marian Wright Edelman, a crusader for civil and children's rights. She was born June 6, 1939, at a time when prejudice and segregation were the norm. The Wright family lived in a small, southern town of Bennetsville, South Carolina, where Marian was the youngest of five children. Her father, the Reverend Arthur Jerome Wright,…

  8. An Affirmative Action Plan Response to Office of Civil Rights Enforcement Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Ned A., Jr.

    The affirmative action concept developed out of case law as the courts decided passive attempts at desegregating schools failed to achieve results and out of civil rights legislation as administrative agencies adopted the court-established standards. A major challenge of affirmative action plans is to prevent court-approved goals from becoming…

  9. Glorious Burdens: Teaching Obama's History and the Long Civil Rights Movement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slate, Nico

    2011-01-01

    As a young child, Barack Obama learned about the civil rights movement from his mother. Obama's mother strove to instill in her multiracial son pride in being more than just literally African American. There is much to learn from Obama's history, understood both as the story of his life and as what Obama himself has said about his past and the…

  10. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: Concerns about Commission Operations. Report to Congressional Requesters.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div.

    This report reviews the following aspects of the United States Commission on Civil Rights from 1978 through 1985: (1) employment trends; (2) hiring and use of consultant, temporary, and Schedule C employees; (3) referrals from state employment service offices; (4) affirmative action; (5) awards and promotions; (6) commissioners' and special…

  11. Technical Assistance Manual for Civil Rights in Vocational Education (First Edition).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This manual is designed to aid secondary school administrators and other school personnel in avoiding illegal discrimination--while sustaining educational standards--through proper planning and managing of vocational education programs. Chapter 1 concerns civil rights compliance in vocational education by superintendents and local directors…

  12. Gifted Education and Discrimination: The Role of the Office for Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marquardt, Ronald G.; Karnes, Frances A.

    1994-01-01

    This article reviews activities of the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Education involving programs for gifted students from 1985 through 1991. Analysis of 48 letters of findings identified issues involved, protected classes, geographic regions involved, and results of investigations. (Author/DB)

  13. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress. Fiscal Year 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    2004 was a special year in America's longstanding efforts to provide equal educational opportunity for all people. It marked the 50th Anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education", which declared racially segregated schools to be unconstitutional. 2004 also marked the 40th Anniversary of the "Civil Rights Act of…

  14. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces the laws that prevent discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, sex, disability, and age in America's schools, colleges, and universities. To gauge how the department is fulfilling that mission, a description of the OCR's policy-guidance efforts, complaint investigations, and enforcement…

  15. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The Office of Civil Rights (OCR) enforces the laws that prevent discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, sex, disability, and age in America's schools, colleges, and universities. To gauge how the department is fulfilling that mission, a description of the OCR's policy-guidance efforts, complaint investigations, and enforcement…

  16. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report covers the activities of the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) from Oct. 1, 2003, to Sept. 30, 2004. From investigating the misidentification of minority students in special education, to ensuring accessibility of college campuses for students with disabilities, to facilitating access of women to equal…

  17. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress. Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights, US Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its Fiscal Year 2005 accomplishments. Also, in recognition of its 25th anniversary, this report highlights some of the significant cases that OCR has resolved over the years. This report also includes a few quotations and case resolution stories from previous years to provide…

  18. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces the laws that prevent discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, sex, disability, and age in America's schools, colleges, and universities. To gauge how the department is fulfilling that mission, a description of the OCR's policy-guidance efforts, complaint investigations, and enforcement…

  19. Failure and Fraud in Civil Rights Enforcement by the Department of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Equity and Excellence, 1988

    1988-01-01

    An investigation into the Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) revealed the following: (1) the desegregation plans of ten states expired before achieving their goal, yet OCR has taken no remedial action to enforce the law; and (2) legal infractions by OCR have not been adequately investigated. (BJV)

  20. Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In this report, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) provides a summary of its FY 2005 accomplishments. Also, in recognition of the 25th anniversary, some of the significant cases that OCR has resolved over the years are highlighted. The last quarter century was eventful and challenging for OCR. Major U.S. Supreme Court decisions, such as "Grove…

  1. Black Voting during the Civil Rights Movement: A Micro-Level Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beyerlein, Kraig; Andrews, Kenneth T.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines why some black Southerners but not others were politically active during the early stages of the civil rights movement. Using a survey of more than 600 black Southerners in 1961, we investigate whether perceptions about opportunity or threat, politicized social capital and individual orientations toward social change shaped…

  2. Contemporary Civil Rights Challenges of "Brown vs. Board of Education": School Leaders Identify Current Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Bradley

    2004-01-01

    School leaders from five states gathered recently to examine civil rights issues facing students today. The session was held by the Intercultural Development Research Association (IDRA) South Central Collaborative for Equity, which is the federally-funded equity assistance center for Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. The…

  3. Technical Assistance Guide for Civil Rights Compliance in Vocational Education. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing. Office of Career and Technical Education.

    This guide and coordinator's manual are designed to assist administrators of local agencies, area vocational centers, and postsecondary institutions in Michigan in assessing and improving their compliance with civil rights regulations relating to vocational education. The guide is based on an interpretation of the following laws: Title VI of the…

  4. Choice without Equity: Charter School Segregation and the Need for Civil Rights Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Wang, Jia

    2010-01-01

    Seven years after the Civil Rights Project first documented extensive patterns of charter school segregation, the charter sector continues to stratify students by race, class and possibly language. This study is released at a time of mounting federal pressure to expand charter schools, despite on-going and accumulating evidence of charter school…

  5. Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Survey, 1984 [machine-readable data file].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DBS Corp., Arlington, VA.

    The "Elementary and Secondary School Civil Rights Survey" machine-readable data file (MRDF) contains data on the characteristics of student populations enrolled in public schools throughout the United States. The emphasis is on data by race/ethnicity and sex in the following areas: stereotyping in courses, special education, vocational education,…

  6. The Economy of Literacy: How the Supreme Court Stalled the Civil Rights Movement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prendergast, Catherine

    2002-01-01

    Analyzes three landmark Supreme Court cases in which the value of literacy and the reality of racial discrimination were contested. Concludes that there is an ideology in which the economy of literacy is regarded as white property and argues that these court decisions have stalled the civil rights movement. (Contains 59 references.) (SK)

  7. 49 CFR 1.41 - Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office of Civil Rights. 1.41 Section 1.41 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation ORGANIZATION AND DELEGATION OF POWERS AND DUTIES Office of the Secretary Ost Officials § 1.41 Delegations to the Director of the Departmental Office...

  8. 7 CFR 1901.203 - Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968. 1901.203 Section 1901.203 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...

  9. Office for Civil Rights Fiscal Year 2000 Annual Report to Congress. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    The mission of the Office for Civil Rights is to ensure equal access to a high-quality education for all students through the vigorous enforcement of civil rights. This report outlines the legal responsibilities and goals of the organization and shows how these were met in the year 2000. There are explanations of how the agency provides…

  10. "Their Rising Voices": A Study of Civil Rights, Social Movements, and Advertising in the "New York Times."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Susan Dente

    1998-01-01

    Contributes to scholarship on social movements, the strategic use of advertising, and journalism by documenting strategic use of advertising in the "New York Times" by the civil rights movement between 1955 and 1961. Finds that the ads framed the civil rights movement to prime the audience to receive radical messages from marginalized speakers.…

  11. 28 CFR 50.3 - Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. 50.3 Section 50.3 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) STATEMENTS OF POLICY § 50.3 Guidelines for the enforcement of title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964. (a) Where the heads of agencies...

  12. On the American Civil Rights Movement's Origins, Nature, and Legacy: Framing the Struggle for the "Pearl of Great Price."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baxter, Anthony G.

    This study examines the impact of the civil rights movement on social change, proposing a framework for viewing the movement's characteristics and organizing themes and discussing its epistemological foundations. Integrating legal and educational data, it points to capstone developments in the civil rights movement and discusses historical…

  13. Office for Civil Rights. Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Year 1998. Guaranteeing Equal Access to High-Standards Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This annual report details the responsibilities of the Office of Civil Rights (OCR). It outlines the main purpose of the OCR--the agency within the United States Department of Education that regulates and enforces civil-rights laws against discrimination in education programs and activities receiving federal financial assistance. The focus of the…

  14. The Office for Civil Rights and Non-Discriminatory Testing, Policies, and Procedures: Implications for Gifted Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ford, Donna Y.; Trotman, Michelle Frazier

    2000-01-01

    This article examines the Office for Civil Rights' (OCR) position on non-discriminatory testing, polices and practices and the role and responsibility of the OCR in securing the civil rights of culturally and linguistically diverse students in the context of gifted education. Possible discriminatory practices in gifted education are outlined.…

  15. 76 FR 73985 - Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Administrative Authority for Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... Opportunity (FHEO) supersedes all redelegations of authority under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964... ``responsible Department official'' in all matters relating to the carrying out of the requirements under...

  16. From Disciplinarian to Change Agent: How the Civil Rights Era Changed the Roles of Student Affairs Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaston-Gayles, Joy L.; Wolf-Wendel, Lisa E.; Tuttle, Kathryn Nemeth; Twombly, Susan B.; Ward, Kelly

    2005-01-01

    Little has been written about the roles and functions of student affairs administrators during the civil rights era. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine how the civil rights era influenced the student affairs profession, paying particular attention to the roles played by student affairs administrators in relation to students, other…

  17. 75 FR 9432 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-02

    ... Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 60-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in..., Disability Rights Section, will be submitting the following information collection request to the Office...

  18. 75 FR 27817 - Civil Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... Rights Division, Disability Rights Section; Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in..., Disability Rights Section, will be submitting the following information collection request to the Office...

  19. 75 FR 27815 - Civil Rights Division; Disability Rights Section: Agency Information Collection Activities Under...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... Rights Division; Disability Rights Section: Agency Information Collection Activities Under Review ACTION: 30-Day Notice of Information Collection Under Review: Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act... information collection request to the Office of Management and Budget for review and approval in...

  20. A white dean and black physicians at the epicenter of the civil rights movement.

    PubMed

    deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin

    2014-06-01

    Robert Q. Marston, MD, a gregarious Rhodes and Markel Scholar, native Virginian, and well-connected National Institutes of Health-trained medical scientist found himself the new dean and hospital director of a promising academic medical center at age 38. It was 1961 and the University of Mississippi Medical Center (UMMC) in Jackson was, unknown to him, about to be at the geographic center of the struggle for African American civil rights. That struggle would entangle UMMC in a national search for social justice and change the course of American history and American medicine. Shortly after his arrival, the new dean received and refused a written request from the Secretary of the Mississippi Chapter of the National Medical Association (NMA) to make educational venues at the segregated medical center available to black physicians. The same year, UMMC became the primary medical provider for sick and injured Freedom Riders, sit-in and demonstration participants, and others who breached the racial divide defined by the state's feared Sovereignty Commission. That divide was violently enforced by collaboration among law enforcement, Citizens' Councils, and the Ku Klux Klan. The crescendo of the civil rights struggle that attended Marston's arrival included a deadly riot following James Meredith's integration of the Ole Miss campus in Oxford in 1962, the death of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Field Secretary Medgar Evers at UMMC in 1963, a national controversy over UMMC's role in the autopsies of 3 civil rights workers murdered in Neshoba County, an attempt at limited compliance to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and a federal civil rights complaint against UMMC by the NAACP Legal and Educational Fund in 1965. That complaint noted that UMMC was out of compliance with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and seriously threatened its federal funding and academic operations. Marston developed a compliance strategy that included the hiring

  1. Civil Rights Laws as Tools to Advance Health in the Twenty-First Century.

    PubMed

    McGowan, Angela K; Lee, Mary M; Meneses, Cristina M; Perkins, Jane; Youdelman, Mara

    2016-01-01

    To improve health in the twenty-first century, to promote both access to and quality of health care services and delivery, and to address significant health disparities, legal and policy approaches, specifically those focused on civil rights, could be used more intentionally and strategically. This review describes how civil rights laws, and their implementation and enforcement, help to encourage health in the United States, and it provides examples for peers around the world. The review uses a broad lens to define health for both classes of individuals and their communities--places where people live, learn, work, and play. Suggestions are offered for improving health and equity broadly, especially within societal groups and marginalized populations. These recommendations include multisectorial approaches that focus on the social determinants of health. PMID:26789383

  2. 7 CFR Exhibit B to Subpart E of... - Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2014-01-01 2013-01-01 true Summary Report of Civil Rights Compliance Reviews B... Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. B Exhibit B to Subpart E of Part 1901—Summary Report of.... 2. 3. State Director. (7 U.S.C. 1989; 42 U.S.C. 1480; 7 CFR 2.23; 7 CFR 2.70)...

  3. 29 CFR 1601.2 - Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the... REGULATIONS Definitions § 1601.2 Terms defined in title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Americans with... in this part shall have the meanings set forth in section 701 of title VII of the Civil Rights Act...

  4. High-energy laser weapons since the early 1960s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Joung

    2013-02-01

    Both the U.S. and Russia/USSR have made great strides toward developing high-energy laser weapons for their future national defense systems since the early 1960s. Many billions of dollars and rubles were invested in the effort. Many hundreds of gifted scientists and engineers devoted their careers to working on the problems. They achieved major technological advances and made impressive and successful demonstrations. After more than half a century, however, neither side has yet adapted the first laser weapon for a military use. Why? This paper discusses the history of key technological advancements and successes, as well as some of the difficulties encountered. It also discusses fundamental technological advantages and limitations of high-energy laser weapons, and also the unique social, cultural, and political environments that have contributed to the history. The high-energy laser technical community is in the process of finding ways to adapt to the new warfare environment by taking advantage of the lessons learned in the past while incorporating the new technologies and ideas evolved in recent years.

  5. Animal Models of Diabetic Neuropathy: Progress Since 1960s

    PubMed Central

    Islam, Md. Shahidul

    2013-01-01

    Diabetic or peripheral diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is one of the major complications among some other diabetic complications such as diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and diabetic cardiomyopathy. The use of animal models in the research of diabetes and diabetic complications is very common when rats and mice are most commonly used for many reasons. A numbers of animal models of diabetic and PDN have been developed in the last several decades such as streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat models, conventional or genetically modified or high-fat diet-fed C57BL/Ks (db/db) mice models, streptozotocin-induced C57BL6/J and ddY mice models, Chinese hamster neuropathic model, rhesus monkey PDN model, spontaneously diabetic WBN/Kob rat model, L-fucose-induced neropathic rat model, partial sciatic nerve ligated rat model, nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice model, spontaneously induced Ins2 Akita mice model, leptin-deficient (ob/ob) mice model, Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat model, surgically-induced neuropathic model, and genetically modified Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat model, none of which are without limitations. An animal model of diabetic or PDN should mimic the all major pathogeneses of human diabetic neuropathy. Hence, this review comparatively evaluates the animal models of diabetic and PDN which are developed since 1960s with their advantages and disadvantages to help diabetic research groups in order to more accurately choose an appropriate model to meet their specific research objectives. PMID:23984428

  6. Rise of the New Right: Human and Civil Rights in Jeopardy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, J. Charles

    1980-01-01

    The author warns that ultra-conservatism is growing in strength and sophistication as a political force. He cites literature from various right-wing groups attacking the public schools and suggests that educators must learn to cope with social stress and the political extremism it generates. (SJL)

  7. 29 CFR 1620.27 - Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION THE EQUAL PAY ACT § 1620.27 Relationship to the Equal Pay Act of title VII of the Civil Rights Act. (a) In situations where the jurisdictional prerequisites of both the EPA and title VII of...

  8. Massachusetts high court supports use of civil rights law to bar blockades.

    PubMed

    1994-04-15

    In a 4-3 opinion issued on April 11, the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts affirmed a lower court order preventing anti-choice activists from blocking access to a facility providing abortion counseling or services. Granted under the Massachusetts Civil Rights Act, the injunction also prohibits using force against anyone entering, leaving, or working at such a location (see RFN II/22). Several health care providers and pro-choice organizations obtained a preliminary injunction in 1989 against trespassing or blockading at specific clinics. The following year, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts intervened in the case and was granted a similar statewide order by Superior Court Judge Peter Lauriat. Upholding application of the civil rights statute in this context, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court found that the trial court "properly concluded that the defendants' conduct constituted threats, intimidation, and coercion" of women seeking to exercise their constitutional right to choose abortion. Moreover, the state High Court held that the trial court "did not abuse its discretion in denying disclosure of the identities of the women affected by the defendants' conduct." Anti-choice activists had claimed they needed to question patients to show that blockades--not threats, intimidation, or coercion--caused them to delay their abortion procedures. Congratulations to John Henn of Foley, Hoag and Eliot of Boston, who represented plaintiffs in Planned Parenthood League of Massachusetts v. Blake. CRLP's Janet Benshoof, Catherine Albisa, and Priscilla Smith filed an amicus brief in the case (see RFN II/22). PMID:12318701

  9. Interannual variability of the equatorial Pacific in the 1960's

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Busalacchi, Antonio J.; O'Brien, James J.

    1981-11-01

    A linear numerical model forced by winds estimated from ships for each month from January 1961, to December 1970, is used to study the interannual variability of the equatorial Pacific. Model pycnocline variability at the Galapagos Islands is very similar to the observed variability of sea level. The maximum significant cross correlation of the two records is near zero lag. The 1963, 1965, and 1969 El Niño events are characterized by a persistently deep pycnocline. The model pycnocline variability at Talara, Peru, leads the observed SST variability by 2 months. The lag structure of pycnocline variability cross correlations indicates that the variability at the equator is related to the excitation of internal Kelvin and Rossby waves. The onset of the 1965 and 1969 El Niño events was triggered by a large amplitude downwelling Kelvin wave excited by relaxation of the easterlies west of the dateline. None of the El Niño events of the 1960's were related to anomalous relaxations of the wind field over the central Pacific. In addition, the seasonal intensification of the southeast trades over the central Pacific was not as strong as during non-El Niño years. The subsequent cessation of the remotely forced seasonal upwelling caused the pycnoline to be depressed throughout the El Niño year. During the southern summer, reestablishment of the semiannual variability of the southeast trades over the central equatorial Pacific excited a seasonal downwelling Kelvin wave. This second major downwelling impulse resulted in the double peak downwelling signature observed in sea level records. The minor El Niño of 1963 was soley due to the cessation of the semi-annual wind stress variability east of 180°. The absence of remotely forced upwelling Kelvin waves kept the pycnocline deeper than normal following the seasonal downwelling at the outset of the year. There was not a relaxation of the wind field west of the dateline prior to the 1963 El Niño.

  10. Civil Rights Movement and the 1990s: Racism and the African-American Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czech, Christopher

    A plan is presented for a curriculum that shows how African Americans have been left out of decision making, stereotyped negatively, and denied resources. The project is intended to be a base for future studies of human relations issues in order to understand how society operates. Using the contexts of the 1960s and the 1990s, the power structures…

  11. Discrimination, developmental science, and the law: addressing dramatic shifts in civil rights jurisprudence.

    PubMed

    Levesque, Roger J R

    2014-01-01

    The civil rights movement fostered dramatic shifts in legal responses to discrimination based on race, gender, and a host of other group characteristics. The legal system now evinces yet another dramatic shift, as it moves from considering difference to focusing on neutrality, from efforts that seek to counter subjugation to those that adopt a "color-blind" approach. The shifting approach already has reached laws regulating responses to the group that spurred massive civil rights reform: minority youth. The shift requires a different body of empirical evidence to address it and a new look at equality jurisprudence. This article notes the need to turn to the current understanding of prejudice and discrimination for guidance, and uses, as illustration, developmental science to shed light on the development, manifestation, and alleviation of invidious discrimination. Using that understanding, the analysis details how the legal system can benefit from that research and better address discrimination in light of dramatic changes in law. The article articulates the need to address discrimination by recognizing and enlisting the law's inculcative powers through multiple sites of inculcation, ranging from families, schools, health and justice systems to religious and community groups. The discussion concludes with brief suggestions for reform benefiting from understandings of prejudice and its expression. PMID:24826823

  12. 34. TURBINE HALL, NEW TURBO GENERATOR (1960'S) FROM ABOVE, LOOKING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    34. TURBINE HALL, NEW TURBO GENERATOR (1960'S) FROM ABOVE, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Philadelphia Electric Company, Richmond Power Station, Southeast end of Lewis Street along Delaware River, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  13. Biomedicalization and the public sphere: newspaper coverage of health and medicine, 1960s-2000s.

    PubMed

    Hallin, Daniel C; Brandt, Marisa; Briggs, Charles L

    2013-11-01

    This article examines historical trends in the reporting of health and medicine in The New York Times and Chicago Tribune from the 1960s to the 2000s. It focuses on the extent to which health reporting can be said to have become increasingly politicized, or to have shifted from treating the production of medical knowledge as something belonging to a restricted, specialized sphere, to treating it as a part of the general arena of public debate. We coded a sample of 400 stories from the two newspapers for four different Implied Audiences which health stories can address: Scientific/Professional, Patient/Consumer, Investor and Citizen/Policymaker. Stories were also coded for the origin of the story, the sources cited, the presence of controversy, and the positive or negative representation of biomedical institutions and actors. The data show that through all five decades, news reporting on health and medicine addressed readers as Citizen/Policymakers most often, though Patient/Consumer and Investor-oriented stories increased over time. Biomedical researchers eclipsed individual physicians and public health officials as sources of news, and the sources diversified to include more business sources, civil society organizations and patients and other lay people. The reporting of controversy increased, and portrayals of biomedicine shifted from lopsidedly positive to more mixed. We use these data in pinpointing how media play a constitutive role in the process of "biomedicalization," through which biomedicine has both extended its reach into and become entangled with other spheres of society and of knowledge production. PMID:24034959

  14. State Enforcement of Civil Rights in Vocational Education: Partner or Stepchild? A Report on Implementation of Section II of the 1979 Vocational Education Guidelines by the Office for Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chachkin, Norman

    An investigation was conducted of state enforcement of the Vocational Education Guidelines issued in 1979 to prevent discrimination on the basis of race, national origin, sex, or handicap in vocational training. The guidelines are administered by the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) through methods of administration (MOA) developed by the states that…

  15. Citizenship beyond politics: the importance of political, civil and social rights and responsibilities among women and men.

    PubMed

    Bolzendahl, Catherine; Coffé, Hilde

    2009-12-01

    Previous research has suggested that men are more engaged as citizens than are women. Yet, little is known about gender cleavages across a variety of citizenship norms. To what extent do men and women define citizenship differently? To address that question, this study examines the importance men and women assign various citizenship rights and responsibilities using 2004 ISSP data from 18 Western, industrialized nations. Using a disaggregated approach to understanding definitions of citizenship, we examine political, civil, and social rights and responsibilities. After controlling for a variety of demographic and attitudinal influences, we find that men and women are not different in their views regarding the importance of political responsibilities. However, women do view political rights as significantly more important than do men. Further, in comparison to men, women view both civil and social responsibilities and rights domains as significantly more important. PMID:19941492

  16. The Trouble with Unifying Narratives: African Americans and the Civil Rights Movement in U.S. History Content Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Carl B.

    2013-01-01

    This textual analysis is a collective case study of K-12 United States History content standards in light of how they represent the historical experiences of African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement. The study uses a multi-perspective critical conceptual framework to evaluate the standards for nine state-level polities on both the…

  17. From Freedom Riders to the Children's March: Civil Rights Documentaries as Catalysts for Historical Empathy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchanan, Lisa Brown

    2014-01-01

    Historical documentary film usually offers content in a format that students find more engaging than traditional historical texts. In the classroom, documentary film can be positioned within a historical thinking framework to study a broad concept like civil rights while facilitating students' source work and skill development. While social…

  18. Hope and Despair: Southern Black Women Educators across Pre- and Post-Civil Rights Cohorts Theorize about Their Activism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loder-Jackson, Tondra L.

    2012-01-01

    Framed by theoretical perspectives on Black Feminist Thought, the life course, and the Generation X/Hip-Hop generation, I present findings from a subset of 10 Black women educators in Birmingham, Alabama who participated in a larger life story project. The participants, who came of age professionally across the pre- and post-civil rights movement…

  19. The Third-Order Multiculturalism: Civil Rights, Diversity, and Equality in Korea's Multicultural Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Joon K.

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the politics of South Korea's multicultural discourse and locates its recent development in the context of a broader analytical discussion about multiculturalism. Utilizing the historical experience of the USA, this paper identifies the three orders of multiculturalism. Up until the civil rights movement of the 1950s and…

  20. Free at Last. A History of the Civil Rights Movement and Those Who Died in the Struggle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bullard, Sara, Ed.

    Along with the history of the civil rights movement, this publication, which is well suited for classroom use, tells the stories of those who died during that struggle. Their lives serve as examples of the many personal tragedies suffered for a movement that transformed America from a society in which blacks were routinely excluded from full…

  1. Minority Elderly Services: New Programs, Old Problems. Part II. A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This report contains the final results of the United States Commission on Civil Rights' investigation of race and ethnic discrimination in federally assisted programs for older persons. The investigation was the result of allegations that the minority elderly were not being served by Older Americans Act programs. The information reported was…

  2. 14 CFR 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. 1204.508 Section 1204.508 Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY AND POLICY Delegations and Designations § 1204.508 Delegation...

  3. Part I--The Historical and Legal Background Leading to the Office of Civil Rights "Dear Colleague Letter"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arnhold, Robert; Young, Lauren; Lakowski, Terri

    2013-01-01

    Part I of the feature describes the historical path of the Dear Colleague Letter and discusses the specific road to this landmark guidance, what it means, and how the leadership and action of the Office for Civil Rights will pave the way for students with disabilities to participate in sports the same way that Title IX has enabled participation…

  4. Images of Struggle and Triumph: Using Picture Books to Teach about the Civil Rights Movement in the Secondary Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkins, Karen H.; Sheffield, Caroline C.; Ford, Martha B.; Cruz, Barbara C.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes four picture books ("Mississippi Morning" written by Ruth Vander Zee, "Dad, Jackie, and Me" written by Myron Uhlberg, "Freedom on the Menu" written by Carole Boston Weatherford, and "A Sweet Smell of Roses" written by Angela Johnson) that provide a concise (yet nuanced) chronicle of the civil rights movement--from the Jim…

  5. Federal Control Out of Control: The Office for Civil Rights' Hidden Policies on Bilingual Education. CEO Policy Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littlejohn, Jim

    This report examines the policies and practices of the Department of Education's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) for determining whether school systems are providing appropriate educational services to language minority students who are learning English as a Second Language (ESL). Data are drawn from OCR documents in the public domain, including…

  6. U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights Annual Report to Congress, Fiscal Years 2001 and 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office for Civil Rights (ED), Washington, DC.

    This report to Congress covers the actions and accomplishments of the Department of Education Office for Civil Rights (OCR) for the period beginning October 1, 2000, and ending September 30, 2002. The first section, titled "Overview of OCR Compliance and Enforcement Program," looks at the Office's organizational structure, complaint resolutions,…

  7. 75 FR 8363 - Office for Civil Rights; Workshop on the HIPAA Privacy Rule's De-Identification Standard; Notice...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-24

    ... a forthcoming workshop organized by the Office for Civil Rights (OCR). The meeting will be open to... response to this mandate, OCR is soliciting stakeholder input from experts with practical technical and policy experience to inform the creation of guidance materials. OCR is collecting views regarding...

  8. Status of Civil Rights in Texas. Volume II: An Employment Profile of San Antonio, 1968-1978. A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerlach, Ernest

    As of 1978 in San Antonio, Texas, equal employment opportunity remained an unfulfilled promise. The Texas Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights studied private sector employment in four industries (banking, hospitals, universities, broadcasting), public employment at four governmental levels (municipal, county, state, federal),…

  9. What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said: The Nation's Top Legal Experts Rewrite America's Landmark Civil Rights Decision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balkin, Jack M., Ed.

    In this book, various constitutional scholars rewrite the civil rights opinion in Brown v. Board of Education. The scholars focused on how they would have written the Brown opinion in 1954 if they knew then what they know now about the subsequent history of the country and the progress of race relations. The results were presented at a session of…

  10. Vestiges of Desegregation: Superintendent Perspectives on Educational Inequality and (Dis)Integration in the Post-Civil Rights Era

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horsford, Sonya Douglass

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to extend the growing counternarrative in education research concerning the negative consequences of school desegregation and its implications for urban education, educational leadership, and policy reform in the post-Civil Rights Era. Guided by qualitative and historical research methods, this article presents the…

  11. Consultation of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. (Washington, DC, June 6-7, 1984). Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    A result of the United States Commission on Civil Rights consultation on the concept of equal pay for work of comparable value, this publication presents all papers submitted by participants. The papers are: "The Earnings Gap in Historical Perspective" (Claudia Goldin); "Occupational Segregation and the Earnings Gap" (Andrea H. Beller); "Women in…

  12. Black Religion as BOTH Opiate and Inspiration of Civil Rights Militancy: Putting Marx's Data to the Test

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Larry L.; Hunt, Janet G.

    1977-01-01

    Concludes that Harry Marx's (1964) inference of a general opiate quality in black religion is incomplete and misleading. Examines data concerning religion and civil rights militancy. Finds that secular social factors (e.g., social class, region, and nonurban origins) are better indicators of militance than is religiosity. (Author/GC)

  13. Pedagogies of Protest: African American Teachers and the History of the Civil Rights Movement, 1940-1963

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Background/Context: Although the dominant narrative of the civil rights movement marginalizes the role of black educators, revisionist scholars have shown that a significant number of black teachers encouraged student protest and activism. There has, however, been little analysis of the work of black teachers inside segregated schools in the…

  14. What's Writing Got to Do with It?: Citizen Wisdom, Civil Rights Activism, and 21st Century Community Literacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kells, Michelle Hall

    2012-01-01

    This article examines what a pedagogy of public rhetoric and community literacy might look like based on an understanding of twentieth century Mexican American civil rights rhetoric. The inductive process of examining archival materials and conducting oral histories informs this discussion on the processes and challenges of gaining civic…

  15. Recovery of 1960's Nimbus Satellite Data for Climate Studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gallaher, D. W.; Campbell, G.

    2013-12-01

    suggests general methods for using these data sets for other climate studies such as sea surface temperatures and cloud studies. A comparison of the regions around the Independence and Hagen Glaciers, Northern Greenland. Nimbus I (right) August 22, 1964 and MODIS (left) August 31, 2011.

  16. 76 FR 75522 - Notice of a Public Meeting of the Wyoming Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS Notice of a Public Meeting of the Wyoming Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Notice is hereby given, pursuant to the provisions of the rules and regulations of the U.S. Commission...

  17. Carrying on the Good Fight: Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000--Advancing the Civil and Human Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Council on Disability, Washington, DC.

    This paper summarizes a May 2000 conference about advancing the civil and human rights of people with disabilities from diverse cultures. The conference included people with disabilities from diverse cultures and members of national civil rights organizations. The conference identified five priority areas for attention: (1) cultivating leadership…

  18. So Now You've Been Sued: Strategies That Win. Defending Civil Rights Suits against Your School District Client. Seminar Coursebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

    This seminar workbook was compiled to aid practitioners in understanding the latest in civil rights law and tactics in representing school districts in civil rights cases. In a loose-leaf format, it contains articles and outlines by the faculty as well as decisions, sample pleadings, and legal texts. The workbook includes the following materials:…

  19. Department of Education: Efforts by the Office for Civil Rights To Resolve Asian-American Complaints. Report to the Honorable Dana Rohrabacher, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horinko, Larry; And Others

    With the Department of Education's staff remaining stable during a period of increased civil rights complaints, this study examined the Department's Office of Civil Rights (OCR) investigations of discrimination cases involving Asian-Americans. In particular the evaluation looked at 13 specific cases, timeliness and outcomes for fiscal years…

  20. The Buchanan Report, environment and the problem of traffic in 1960s Britain.

    PubMed

    Gunn, Simon

    2011-01-01

    Traffic congestion in Britain's towns and cities grew with the exponential rise of car ownership in the 1950s and 1960s. The Buchanan Report, Traffic in Towns (1963), was a pioneering response to this problem, advancing a series of radical solutions for how cities could be adapted to mass car ownership. This article examines the contemporary debate about traffic among planners and politicians in the 1960s and considers both short-term responses to the Buchanan Report and its longer term effects in cities such as Leeds and Leicester. The legacy of Buchanan was ambivalent: while many of its prescriptions favoured a new, environmentally sensitive approach to the historic fabric and urban living, the report's arguments for radical reconstruction pointed to the building of urban motorways. Paradoxically, the growth of environmental awareness in 1960s Britain was linked to the endeavour to modernize the nation's towns and cities and to create the conditions for a car-owning society. PMID:22400427

  1. New voters, new outlook? Predispositions, social networks, and the changing politics of gay civil rights.

    PubMed

    Becker, Amy B; Scheufele, Dietram A

    2011-01-01

    Objectives. This study examines the factors that shape public acceptance of homosexuality and support for same-sex marriage across age cohorts.Methods. We analyzed data from two national surveys. We constructed hierarchical logistic and hierarchical ordinary least squares regressions for relevant age cohorts in order to test our hypotheses and explore our research questions.Results. Our models suggest that personal contact has a greater impact on the attitudes of younger respondents, positively influencing public acceptance of homosexuality. Alternatively, religious and ideological predispositions have a greater impact on the attitudes of older individuals. When examining public support for gay marriage, we find that younger individuals have higher levels of deliberative engagement with the issue debate, while older individuals rely more heavily on their predispositions when determining issue stance. Interestingly, measures of media exposure are not significantly related to either public acceptance of homosexuality or support for same-sex marriage, suggesting that other factors may have a greater impact on public attitudes at this point in time.Conclusion. The implications of these findings are discussed in light of the emergence of a new political generation and the continuing struggle for gay civil rights. PMID:21919271

  2. Challenges of regulatory rights of half-capacitated persons: A sociological perspective on the French Civil Code reform.

    PubMed

    Eyraud, Benoît

    2016-01-01

    Democratic societies are based on the principle of equal legal capacity of all citizens to decide and act for themselves in all areas of social life. This "socio-civil capacity", which may involve both material property of an individual, as well as private life in matters ranging from health to personal relationships, is recognized by the law (both codified law and common law). These rights guarantee the autonomy and freedom of individuals in the name of respect for human dignity. Civil capacity of a person is legally diminished because his or her "natural" abilities, capacity, or competence are reduced. Recent social changes have lead to increased uses of legal measures of protection. The reasons for these changes are complex and they are accompanied by legislative reforms that modify the rights of half-capacitated persons. In this article, we examine certain issues of civil capacity rights based on the French example. We start present a perspective of the historical definition and practice of these rights as well as their democratization. PMID:27184167

  3. Engineer, Mechanic or Carpenter? Boys' Transitions to Work in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodwin, John; O'Connor, Henrietta

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, the authors seek to examine the gendered nature of boys' school to work transitions for a group of young male workers entering employment for the first time in the 1960s. They argue that such an enquiry is important because past studies of transitions have not problematised boys school to work transitions in terms of gender.…

  4. Psychology of Education in the UK: Development in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, J. B.

    2007-01-01

    This paper attempts an account and evaluation of the historical development of psychology of education in the 1960s in the UK. It contributes to both the history of the academic discipline of educational studies and to the history of higher education. Progress of the subject is introduced in the general context of university developments and the…

  5. Historical Perspectives on Diaspora Homeland Tourism: "Israel Experience" Education in the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelner, Shaul

    2013-01-01

    Homeland tourism is a powerful medium of diasporic education. Yet, efforts to understand the enterprise are hampered by neglect of the field's history. This article contributes to the historiography of diaspora homeland tourism by examining the emergence of American Jewish educational tours of Israel in the 1950s and 1960s. Archival research and…

  6. Devils in Disguise: The Carnegie Project, the Cherokee Nation, and the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobb, Daniel M.

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about the experiences of many of the people involved in the Carnegie Project, an effort in the 1960s to establish ties with the "tribal community"--people who spoke Cherokee as their first language and lived in small kin-related settlements spread across five counties in northeastern Oklahoma--and directly involve…

  7. Public Employee Unionism: A Neglected Social Movement of the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaffer, Robert

    2011-01-01

    The chapters on the 1960s and early 1970s in recent editions of secondary-level United States history textbooks have done an impressive job in getting beyond the traditional political narratives of presidential administrations to include the movements of protest and reform based on citizen activism. But despite their laudable efforts to broaden…

  8. The Structure of Educational Policy-making in Hungary in the 1960s and 1970s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halasz, Gabor

    1986-01-01

    Explains a theoretical framework for interpreting educational policy-making and, on the basis of that framework, identifies educational policy makers and policy changes in Hungary in the 1960s and 1970s. Tests the theory by examining controversies about secondary education and the structure of the educational system. (JHZ)

  9. U.S. Comparative Education Research on Yugoslav Education in the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sobe, Noah W.

    2007-01-01

    An examination of American research on Yugoslav education in the 1950s and 1960s shows U.S. comparative education research to have been no less shaped by cold war concerns and modernization theories than other academic disciplines. The purpose of this article is not to specify what research questions should have been asked in the first two decades…

  10. Co-Operatives, Democracy and Education: The Basque "Ikastolas" in the 1960s and 1970s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delgado. Ander

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses the process of creation of ikastola schools throughout the Basque Country from the 1960s onwards. These were schools whose major characteristic was to teach the majority of subjects in the Basque language in the adverse context of the final years of Franco's regime. This article deals with the social and political…

  11. The Stem of Jesse. The Costs of Community at a 1960s Southern School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Will D.

    This book recounts the 1960's struggle of Mercer University, a historic Southern Baptist university in Georgia, to confront racism and cultural change. The account focuses on Sam Oni, an African and the first black student admitted to Mercer. Oni was also a Southern Baptist, a product of Mercer missionaries to Africa. In a pivotal incident when he…

  12. CTV, ITV, ETV, PTV: Television and Education in the 1960s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Distance Education Report, 2000

    2000-01-01

    Discusses television in the 1960s as a form of communication including commercial television (CTV), public television (PTV), educational television (ETV), and instructional television (ITV). The Educational Media Study Panel (EMSP), an official advisory group to the Commissioner and the U.S. Office of Education, studied the growth of television…

  13. The 1960s &'70s: Creative Activities for Teaching American History. Teacher's Guide. Revised.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Lawrence

    The activities in this manual explore some of the issues of the 1960s and 1970s that reflected changes in U.S. patterns of thought: minorities sought their share of the American pie; young people challenged established authority; massive protests erupted against the Vietnam War; political corruption was found in high office and a marked change…

  14. Age of Aquarius and Vietnam: Today's Students Flock to Courses about 1960's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collison, Michele N-K.

    1988-01-01

    The dramatic increase in college course offerings about the decade of the 1960s is a result of both to student curiosity with its protest movements and of faculty composition. Some feel the courses are essential to student understanding of modern life, whereas others feel more research is needed. (MSE)

  15. Angela Davis and the Changing Paradigm of Academic Freedom in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aby, Stephen H.

    2007-01-01

    Prior to the 1960s, college and university faculty were treated as at-will employees, despite the establishment of the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) in 1915 and the circulation after 1940 of its statement on academic freedom. Through the McCarthy period of the 1950s, faculty were not free either on or off campus to speak to…

  16. Irish Educational Policy in the 1960s: A Decade of Transformation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Brian; Harford, Judith

    2014-01-01

    A decade of transformation that emerged following a period of inertia and insularity in Irish education, the 1960s is widely regarded by scholars as representing a paradigm shift in education policy. Marked by a more interventionist, strategic policy approach, this period resulted in significant democratisation of education, particularly at…

  17. The Real and Promised Brasilia: "An Asymmetrical Symbol in 1960s Brazilian Literature"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beal, Sophia

    2010-01-01

    To write about Brasilia in the 1960s was to write about a dual city, part symbol and part reality. This dual city grew out of an impulse to oversimplify representations of the real city in order to preserve its mythic promise of national progress. The oversimplifications derived from a national desire to showcase how Brazil had found an authentic…

  18. Voices of Native Resiliency: Educational Experiences from the 1950s and 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penland, Jennifer L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the lived educational experiences of American Indians who grew up during the 1950s and 1960s, known as the termination period in American history. The research for this phenomenological study consisted of interviews with eight participants who were willing to share their personal experiences from this…

  19. Ten-Year Check-Up: Have Federal Agencies Responded to Civil Rights Recommendations? Volume IV: An Evaluation of the Departments of Education, Health and Human Services, and Housing and Urban Development, and the Equal Opportunity Commission

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacDougall, Sock-Foon C.; Butler, Margaret; Johnson, Wanda

    2004-01-01

    During this four-volume study, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights evaluated 11 federal agencies to determine whether or not they have responded to recommendations offered in previous reports and if civil rights enforcement improved as a result. Throughout the volumes, the Commission has identified good and inadequate civil rights practices that…

  20. Linking Health System Responsiveness to Political Rights and Civil Liberties: A Multilevel Analysis Using Data From 44 Countries.

    PubMed

    Witvliet, Margot I; Stronks, Karien; Kunst, Anton E; Mahapatra, Tanmay; Arah, Onyebuchi A

    2015-01-01

    Responsiveness is a dimension of health system functioning and might be dependent upon contextual factors related to politics. Given this, we performed cross-national comparisons with the aim of investigating: 1) the associations of political factors with patients' reports of health system responsiveness and 2) the extent to which health input and output might explain these associations. World Health Survey data were analyzed for 44 countries (n = 103 541). Main outcomes included, respectively, 8 and 7 responsiveness domains for inpatient and outpatient care. Linear multilevel regressions were used to assess the associations of politics (namely, civil liberties and political rights), socioeconomic development, health system input, and health system output (measured by maternal mortality) with responsiveness domains, adjusted for demographic factors. Political rights showed positive associations with dignity (regression coefficient = 0.086 [standard error = 0.039]), quality (0.092 [0.049]), and support (0.113 [0.048]) for inpatient care and with dignity (0.075 [0.040]), confidentiality (0.089 [0.043]), and quality (0.124 [0.053]) for outpatient care. Positive associations were observed for civil liberties as well. Health system input and output reduced observed associations. Results tentatively suggest that strengthening political rights and, to a certain extent, civil liberties might improve health system responsiveness, in part through their effect on health system input and output. PMID:26002910

  1. A Report on the Investigation of the Civil Rights Enforcement Activities of the Office for Civil Rights. U.S. Department of Education. By the Majority Staff of the Committee on Education and Labor. U.S. House of Representatives, 100th Congress, Second Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    Since 1981, the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) of the United States Department of Education has been accused of failing to enforce the civil rights laws according to its mandate. OCR is responsible for enforcing Federal laws prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, sex, national origin, handicap, or age in educational programs or activities…

  2. "The Civil Rights Movement of the 1990s?": The anti-abortion movement and the struggle for racial justice.

    PubMed

    Hughes, Richard L

    2006-01-01

    In 1964, Claude and Jeanne Nolen, who were white, joined an interracial NAACP team intent on desegregating local restaurants in Austin, Texas as a test of the recently passed Civil Rights ACt. Twenty-five years later, the Nolens pleaded "no contest" in a courtroom for their continued social activism. This time the issue was not racial segregation, but rather criminal trespassing for blockading abortion clinics with Operation Rescue. The Nolens served prison sentences for direct action protests that they believe stemmed from the same commitment to Christianity and social justice as the civil rights movements. Despite its relationship to political and cultural conservatism, the anti-abortion movement since Roe v. Wade (1973) was also a product of the progressive social movements of the turbulent sixties. Utilizing oral history interviews and organizational literature, the article explores the historical context of the anti-abortion movement, specifically how the lengthy struggle for racial justice shaped the rhetoric, tactics, and ideology of the anti-abortion activists. Even after political conservatives dominated the movement in the 1980s, the successes and failures of the sixties provided a cultural lens through which grassroots anti-abortion activists forged what was arguably the largest movement of civil disobedience in American history. PMID:17115517

  3. Revealing the early ice flow patterns with historical Declassified Intelligence Satellite Photographs back to 1960s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Shujie; Liu, Hongxing; Yu, Bailang; Zhou, Guoqing; Cheng, Xiao

    2016-06-01

    The reconnaissance ARGON satellites collected the earliest images of Antarctica from space dating back to the 1960s, providing valuable historical baseline information for studying polar ice sheets. Those photographs are underutilized for ice motion mapping, due to lack of sufficient ground controls for image orthorectification. In this study, we orthorectified the ARGON photographs by fully exploiting the metric qualities of WorldView satellite images: very high spatial resolution and precise geolocation. Through a case study over Larsen Ice Shelf, we demonstrated that the camera model with bundle block adjustment can achieve geolocation accuracy of better than the nominal resolution (140 m) for orthorectifying ARGON images, with WorldView imagery as ground control source. This allowed us to extend the ice velocity records of Larsen Ice Shelf back into 1960s~1970s for the first time. The retrospective analysis revealed that acceleration of the collapsed Larsen B occurred much earlier than previously thought.

  4. Balloon-Borne, High-Energy Astrophysics: Experiences from the 1960s to the 1980s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fishman, Gerald J.

    2008-01-01

    Observational high-energy astrophysics in the hard-x-ray and gamma-ray regions owes its development and initial successes to the balloon-borne development of detector systems, as well as pioneering observations, primarily in the timeframe from the 1960s to the 1990s. I will describe some of the first observations made by the Rice University balloon group in the 1960s, including the impetus for these observations. The appearance of SN 1987a led to several balloon-flight campaigns, sponsored by NASA, from Alice Springs, Australia in 1987 and 1988. During the 1980s, prototypes of instruments for the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory were flown on many balloon flights, which greatly enhanced the success of that mission.

  5. "A Bldg. 1960's". Photo no. 670. Administration Building, north part ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    "A Bldg. 1960's". Photo no. 670. Administration Building, north part of west front, showing chimney, iron gates, and art stone decoration of the main entrance. Note also the difference between the ground floor and second floor windows. Original print size 11x14 inches, torn at top center. - San Bernardino Valley College, Classics Building, 701 South Mount Vernon Avenue, San Bernardino, San Bernardino County, CA

  6. Reflections on the Radio Astronomy Explorer program of the 1960s and 70s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kaiser, M. L.

    1990-01-01

    The Radio Astronomy Explorer (RAE) program of the late 1960s and early 1970s is, to date, the only totally dedicated radio astronomy mission to have flown. However, only some of the prelaunch goals were achieved due to the unexpectedly high levels of interference from the earth in the form of both naturally occurring and man-made noise. Some important lessons in receiver design were learned which could and should be applied to any future radio astronomy missions.

  7. A lake data set for the Tibetan Plateau from the 1960s, 2005, and 2014.

    PubMed

    Wan, Wei; Long, Di; Hong, Yang; Ma, Yingzhao; Yuan, Yuan; Xiao, Pengfeng; Duan, Hongtao; Han, Zhongying; Gu, Xingfa

    2016-01-01

    Long-term datasets of number and size of lakes over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are among the most critical components for better understanding the interactions among the cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere at regional and global scales. Due to the harsh environment and the scarcity of data over the TP, data accumulation and sharing become more valuable for scientists worldwide to make new discoveries in this region. This paper, for the first time, presents a comprehensive and freely available data set of lakes' status (name, location, shape, area, perimeter, etc.) over the TP region dating back to the 1960s, including three time series, i.e., the 1960s, 2005, and 2014, derived from ground survey (the 1960s) or high-spatial-resolution satellite images from the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) (2005) and China's newly launched GaoFen-1 (GF-1, which means high-resolution images in Chinese) satellite (2014). The data set could provide scientists with useful information for revealing environmental changes and mechanisms over the TP region. PMID:27328160

  8. A lake data set for the Tibetan Plateau from the 1960s, 2005, and 2014

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Wei; Long, Di; Hong, Yang; Ma, Yingzhao; Yuan, Yuan; Xiao, Pengfeng; Duan, Hongtao; Han, Zhongying; Gu, Xingfa

    2016-01-01

    Long-term datasets of number and size of lakes over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) are among the most critical components for better understanding the interactions among the cryosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere at regional and global scales. Due to the harsh environment and the scarcity of data over the TP, data accumulation and sharing become more valuable for scientists worldwide to make new discoveries in this region. This paper, for the first time, presents a comprehensive and freely available data set of lakes’ status (name, location, shape, area, perimeter, etc.) over the TP region dating back to the 1960s, including three time series, i.e., the 1960s, 2005, and 2014, derived from ground survey (the 1960s) or high-spatial-resolution satellite images from the China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) (2005) and China’s newly launched GaoFen-1 (GF-1, which means high-resolution images in Chinese) satellite (2014). The data set could provide scientists with useful information for revealing environmental changes and mechanisms over the TP region. PMID:27328160

  9. Our Own Communities, Our Own Schools: Educational Counter-Narratives of African American Civil Rights Generation Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mungo, Sequoya

    2013-01-01

    This study sought to document the schooling experiences and perceptions of African American students who attended segregated schools in Edgecombe County, North Carolina. Through counter-narratives the participants provided insight into education in Edgecombe County during the 1960s. Findings suggested that schools were social and academic…

  10. The Rights of Teachers. The Basic ACLU Guide to a Teacher's Constitutional Rights. An American Civil Liberties Union Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, David

    The book offers a basic guide to teacher's constitutional rights. Using a question and answer format, it details the freedom to teach, to lead one's private life, to select mode of dress and grooming; the freedom of religion, of speech, and association outside the classroom; and the freedom from arbitrary or discriminatory action by school…

  11. Civil Rights--State Action Is a Requirement for the Application of Section 1985 (3) to First Amendment Rights

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malpass, Susan C.

    1976-01-01

    In Bellamy v. Masons's Stores, Inc., the Fourth Circuit of Appeals held that section 1985 (3) of the Ku Klux Klan Act displayed a congressional intent that state action be required for an action based on a conspiracy to deprive first amendment rights. The decision is examined in regard to Griffin v. Breckenridge. For journal availability see HE…

  12. Relationships between right-wing authoritarianism, terrorism threat, and attitudes towards restrictions of civil rights: a comparison among four European countries.

    PubMed

    Kossowska, Małgorzata; Trejtowicz, Mariusz; de Lemus, Soledad; Bukowski, Marcin; Van Hiel, Alain; Goodwin, Robin

    2011-05-01

    The present study tested the role of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), terrorist threat, and sociopolitical 'climate' as predictors of support for governmental anti-terrorism policies and actions. Two dimensions of analysis were defined: the presence versus absence of al-Qaeda attacks, and adherence to surveillance versus anti-surveillance mainstream politics. In order to study the influence of these two contextual dimensions on the expression of attitudes, we selected four European countries that fall into these two dimensions--Poland, Belgium, Spain, and the UK. Results from our study provide support for the contention that attitudes towards restrictions of civil rights are related to RWA independently of the cultural context. Moreover, in the UK sample, we found that the threat of terrorism increases acceptance of limitations of civil liberties, but only among people who hold authoritarian beliefs. However, in Spain, the other country that experienced terrorist attacks, this moderation effect was not found which is interpreted in terms of differences in the sociopolitical climate in both countries. As predicted, we did not find such moderation effect in countries in which threat is relatively low (Poland and Belgium). The results are discussed with reference to the conceptual framework based on the importance of fear experiences, security-focused policies, as well as the specific cultural context in the study of reaction to terrorist threat. PMID:21492144

  13. 76 FR 27603 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Civil Rights Protections for SNAP Households

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-12

    ... related Notice (48 FR 29115, June 24, 1983), SNAP is excluded from the scope of Executive Order 12372... / Thursday, May 12, 2011 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Food and Nutrition Service 7 CFR Parts 271 and 272 RIN 0584-AD89 Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Civil...

  14. The Fight for Equal Rights: A Recruiting Poster for Black Soldiers in the Civil War.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schamel, Wynell Burroughs; West, Jean

    1992-01-01

    Provides teaching activities based on a recruiting poster directed at African-American men during the U.S. Civil War. Includes a brief history of the experience of African-American Union troops. Discusses document analysis, creative writing activities, oral reports, and activities for further research. Focuses on problems of racial discrimination…

  15. Statement of Hubert Velarde, Jicarilla Apache Tribe to United States Commission on Civil Rights at Albuquerque Convention Center (Albuquerque, New Mexico, November 14, 1972).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Velarde, Hubert

    The statement by the President of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe emphasizes reservation problems that need to be examined. Presented at a 1972 Civil Rights Commission hearing on Indian Concerns, Velarde's statement listed employment, education, the administration of justice, water rights, and medical services as areas for investigation. (KM)

  16. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part 21... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS...

  17. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part 21... 23 Highways 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS...

  18. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part 21... 23 Highways 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS...

  19. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part 21... 23 Highways 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS...

  20. 23 CFR Appendix A to Subpart B of... - Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Is Applicable

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Rights Act of 1964, and the implementing regulations of the Department of Transportation (49 CFR part 21... 23 Highways 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Types of Contracts to Which the Civil Rights Act of 1964..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS REQUIRED CONTRACT PROVISIONS...

  1. [Interactions between criminal justice and other areas of law from the viewpoint of the civil rights judge].

    PubMed

    Rumler-Detzel, P

    1998-10-01

    More than in the past, patients are consulting lawyers to check medical treatment for malpractice. One of 10,000 city-inhabitants institutes proceedings for compensations. In the past, a charge was brought at the same time to achieve examination of patients records and to obtain an expert opinion at government expenses. Due to recent jurisdiction, the patient got the right to examine treatment records without the necessity to specify his reasons. Settlement institutions of the society of physicians of Germany facilitate an examination of a treatment procedure for mistakes without costs. Therefore, there is no more incentive for a charge to achieve compensations. The continuation of civil proceedings may not depend on the result of the investigation proceedings due to the different kind of evidence. The special duties of civil courts working with medical liability and expert opinions seem to show that civil proceedings are suited the best to clarify a dispute between physicians and patients. This also avoids to pillories the physician. PMID:9885177

  2. From the Civil War to 9/11: Democracy and the Right to a Fair Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcus, Alan S.

    2011-01-01

    In the United States, the right to a fair trial is protected by the Constitution. The ideal of justice is a critical underpinning of the democracy. However, while the United States is a model of an honorable and just court system most of the time, our constitutional rights are occasionally stretched or broken. The rationale is often national…

  3. The Law of Special Education in the United States and England: Civil Rights and Public Duties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Tom

    1996-01-01

    Examines the law of special educational needs in the United States and England, focusing on local authorities' power to determine provision levels. American courts have closely linked education and equality; constitutional law concentrates on the child's legal rights. The English system does not recognize a right to education or equal access to…

  4. In Vogue: North American and British representations of women smokers in Vogue, 1920s-1960s.

    PubMed

    Warsh, Cheryl Krasnick; Tinkler, Penny

    2007-01-01

    The image of a cigarette in a woman's hand symbolizes independence, non-conformity and personal power, despite widespread awareness that smoking has serious health risks. Through a content analysis of North American and British editions of Vogue, we trace the representation of women smokers from the 1920s-1960s. Vogue located the cigarette within the culture of the feminine elite. We explore the place of cigarette smoking within the constellation of behaviours and appearances presented as desirable characteristics of elitism, through the themes of lifestyle, "the look," and feminine confidence. We chart these themes' transformations over time and national contexts. PMID:17644930

  5. Cancer coverage: the public face of childhood leukaemia in 1960s Britain

    PubMed Central

    Barnes, Emm

    2008-01-01

    In the 1960s, stories of children fighting cancer, previously absent from the British news, started to feature ever more prominently in the national press. Conventional treatments could not keep children alive for many months, so the promise of a cure through the use of an alternative anti-cancer ‘serum’ was not easily dismissed as quackery. The Ministry of Health and cancer research organisations struggled to find a fair and honest way to inform the public and affected families about childhood leukaemia without raising or crushing hope. PMID:18316127

  6. [Dental teaching in Brazil: an interpretation based on recommendations and international meetings from the 1960s].

    PubMed

    Queiroz, Maria Goretti; Dourado, Luiz Fernandes

    2009-01-01

    The study identifies the proposals regarding dental teaching in Brazil put forward in documents dating from the 1960s, to wit, the annals of the three Paho-sponsored seminars on dental teaching and a WHO Expert Committee report on dental hygiene. It can be noted that later recommendations about changes to the field in Brazil reveal tension between different actors and conceptions, not always understood by the area's professionals. It is concluded that recommendations aimed at innovations in dental teaching trace their development to this time and that most can be found in the Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais [National Syllabus Guidelines] for undergraduate courses in dentistry. PMID:21461518

  7. Forensic psychiatric units in Italy from the 1960s to the present.

    PubMed

    De Vito, Christian Giuseppe

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses the long-standing continuities in the history of the Italian forensic psychiatric units and views them as the result of conflicting forces, interests, mentalities and strategies at the cross-road of forensic psychiatry, psychiatry, prison and health services. It focuses on the period from the 1960s to the present and deals with, among other issues, the long-term impact of the anti-asylum movements and the on-going debate on the 'phasing out' of the forensic psychiatric units. PMID:24125959

  8. Education as a Civil Right: The Ongoing Struggle in New York

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morse, Jane Fowler

    2006-01-01

    Although New York's highest court granted children the constitutional right to a meaningful high school education in Campaign for Fiscal Equity v. State of New York, equitable funding has yet to be implemented. The state of New York continues to stall on revising the funding formula statewide, despite the many indications that this must be done if…

  9. Black physicians and the struggle for civil rights: lessons from the Mississippi experience: part 2: their lives and experiences.

    PubMed

    deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin

    2014-11-01

    Little information is available on the lives and experiences of black physicians who practiced in the South during the Jim Crow era of legalized segregation. In Mississippi and elsewhere, it is a story of disenfranchised professionals who risked life, limb, and personal success to improve the lot of those they served. In this second article on this topic, we present the stories of some of the physicians who were leaders in the civil rights movement in Mississippi as examples. Because the health disparities they sought to address have, not of their own making, been passed on to the next generation of physicians, the lessons learned from their experience are worthy of consideration. PMID:24950485

  10. Memories of early work on muscle contraction and regulation in the 1950's and 1960's

    SciTech Connect

    Huxley, Hugh E.

    2008-04-25

    Professor Ebashi's epic work on the biochemistry of the regulation of muscle contraction began in the early 1950's, during the same period that work on the molecular basis of force production in muscle was also beginning. The latter work started in two MRC Research Units in the UK, and was continued jointly by the two workers from those Units who had, independently, gone to MIT to learn the new techniques of electron microscopy and to apply them to muscle. In a somewhat similar fashion, Professor Ebashi also spent one or two years in the USA, continuing his work on the role of calcium in muscle regulation in Lippman's laboratory, before returning to Japan to achieve the great breakthroughs in this work during the 1960's. Hanson and Huxley, after putting forward the overlapping actin and myosin filament arrays model for the striated muscle sarcomere, and subsequently the sliding filament model of muscle contraction (simultaneously with A.F Huxley and R. Niedergerke), returned to the UK to pursue detailed structural studies in separate Research Units, in a mixture of consultation, collaboration, and competition, during the later 1950's and throughout the 1960's. However, the path to enlightenment described here in some detail was somewhat more tortuous than the standard literature perhaps reveals. Nevertheless, by the time of the Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Muscle Contraction in 1972, the two lines of enquiry on regulation itself, and on the tilting cross-bridge model of force production, had arrived at a good deal of common ground, and indeed the identification of troponin and its periodic distribution along the actin filaments had helped resolve a long-standing puzzle in the interpretation of the low angle X-ray diagram. Since then, an enormous amount of remarkable new work has been necessary to establish troponin regulation and the tilting cross-bridge mechanism in molecular detail, but the work in the 1950's and 1960's has provided a firm and accurate basis

  11. Memories of early work on muscle contraction and regulation in the 1950's and 1960's.

    PubMed

    Huxley, Hugh E

    2008-04-25

    Professor Ebashi's epic work on the biochemistry of the regulation of muscle contraction began in the early 1950's, during the same period that work on the molecular basis of force production in muscle was also beginning. The latter work started in two MRC Research Units in the UK, and was continued jointly by the two workers from those Units who had, independently, gone to MIT to learn the new techniques of electron microscopy and to apply them to muscle. In a somewhat similar fashion, Professor Ebashi also spent one or two years in the USA, continuing his work on the role of calcium in muscle regulation in Lippman's laboratory, before returning to Japan to achieve the great breakthroughs in this work during the 1960's. Hanson and Huxley, after putting forward the overlapping actin and myosin filament arrays model for the striated muscle sarcomere, and subsequently the sliding filament model of muscle contraction (simultaneously with A.F Huxley and R. Niedergerke), returned to the UK to pursue detailed structural studies in separate Research Units, in a mixture of consultation, collaboration, and competition, during the later 1950's and throughout the 1960's. However, the path to enlightenment described here in some detail was somewhat more tortuous than the standard literature perhaps reveals. Nevertheless, by the time of the Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Muscle Contraction in 1972, the two lines of enquiry on regulation itself, and on the tilting cross-bridge model of force production, had arrived at a good deal of common ground, and indeed the identification of troponin and its periodic distribution along the actin filaments had helped resolve a long-standing puzzle in the interpretation of the low angle X-ray diagram. Since then, an enormous amount of remarkable new work has been necessary to establish troponin regulation and the tilting cross-bridge mechanism in molecular detail, but the work in the 1950's and 1960's has provided a firm and accurate basis

  12. Denial of equal civil rights for lesbian and gay men in The Netherlands,1980-1993.

    PubMed

    Van de Meerendonk, Bas; Scheepers, Peer

    2004-01-01

    In six national samples (a total of 11,863 respondents) of the Dutch population, aged 16 and over, the denial of equal rights (in housing, inheriting, and adoption) for lesbians and gay men decreased from 1980 and 1985, and remained stable between 1985 and 1993. The denial of equal rights for lesbians and gay men was subscribed to more strongly by social categories that have been exposed to traditional socializing agents and socializing circumstances in which traditional norms prevailed:members of denominations, people who frequently attend church, and older cohorts, especially the ones born before 1948, as well as by those who have presumably not dissociated themselves from these traditional norms, i.e., the lower educated. PMID:15271623

  13. Glimpses of space physics in the 1960s and 1990s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petschek, Harry E.

    1996-05-01

    The author describes his experiences and impressions of space physics in the 1960s and on his return to the field in the 1990s. The field has made significant progress and has changed its operating style to that of a more mature science. It has also become a more closed society with less interaction with outside groups. There is a consequent pessimistic mood including a feeling of lack of progress. The author suggests that the field should become more outwardly oriented. The opportunity presented by present interest in space weather forecasting should be taken seriously by the community as an area of applied science. Additionally, the numerous basic science questions in the field should be viewed in terms of the opportunity of sharing basic discoveries with other parts of the physics community. Examples are given of particular problems where such an outlook will broaden the horizons of space science and allow us to measure our contributions to basic and applied science.

  14. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence in the 1960s: Science in Popular Culture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, Sierra

    2012-01-01

    Building upon the advancement of technology during the Second World War and the important scientific discoveries which have been made about the structure and components of the universe, scientists, especially in radio astronomy and physics, began seriously addressing the possibility of extraterrestrial intelligence in the 1960s. The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) quickly became one of the most controversial scientific issues in the post Second World War period. The controversy played out, not only in scientific and technical journals, but in newspapers and in popular literature. Proponents for SETI, including Frank Drake, Carl Sagan, and Philip Morrison, actively used a strategy of engagement with the public by using popular media to lobby for exposure and funding. This paper will examine the use of popular media by scientists interested in SETI to popularize and heighten public awareness and also to examine the effects of popularization on SETI's early development. My research has been generously supported by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory.

  15. Segregation, civil rights, and health disparities: the legacy of African American physicians and organized medicine, 1910-1968.

    PubMed

    Washington, Harriet A; Baker, Robert B; Olakanmi, Ololade; Savitt, Todd L; Jacobs, Elizabeth A; Hoover, Eddie; Wynia, Matthew K; Blanchard, Janice; Boulware, L Ebony; Braddock, Clarence; Corbie-Smith, Giselle; Crawley, LaVera; LaVeist, Thomas A; Maxey, Randall; Mills, Charles; Moseley, Kathryn L; Williams, David R

    2009-06-01

    Between 1910 and 1968, the National Medical Association (NMA) repeatedly clashed with the American Medical Association (AMA) over the latter organization's racial bars to membership and other health policy issues. The NMA, founded in 1895 as a nonexclusionary medical society to provide a voice for disenfranchised black physicians and patients, struggled in its early years, during which AMA leadership took scant notice of it. But skirmishes ensued over such actions as stigmatizing racial labels in the AMA's American Medical Directory, which, beginning in 1906, listed all U.S. physicians but designated African Americans with the notation col. The NMA also repeatedly asked the AMA to take action against overt racial bars on blacks' membership in its constituent state and county societies. During the civil rights era, African American physicians received no AMA support in seeking legal remedies to hospital segregation. And the NMA and AMA found themselves opposed on other policy issues, including Medicaid and Medicare. These differences eventually catalyzed a series of direct confrontations. The 1965 AMA meeting in New York City, for example, was protested by about 200 NMA-led picketers. The NMA's quest for racial equality in medicine was supported by some other medical organizations, such as the Medical Committee for Human Rights. In 1966, the AMA House voted to amend the AMA Constitution and Bylaws, giving its Judicial Council (now the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs) the authority to investigate allegations of discrimination. This paved the way for a subsequent era of increasing cooperation and understanding. PMID:19585919

  16. "Civil unrest does not stop ovulation": women's prenatal and family planning services in a 1960s Detroit neighborhood clinic.

    PubMed

    DeGuzman, Pamela B; Schminkey, Donna L; Koyen, Emily A

    2014-01-01

    In 1965, Nancy Milio established a prenatal and family planning clinic in Detroit, Michigan, to address health disparities and limited access to care among low-income, African American, urban women. Women's health disparities persist today nationally and internationally. Using historical methods, this research analyzes how Milio provided women's health services in the context of the social and political environment. Milio empowered neighborhood women to direct, plan, and participate in the care they received. Successful methods to address disparities in access to family and planning and prenatal care should include empowered participation from the women these programs are intending to serve. PMID:24892860

  17. The Canadian Charter of Rights, American Jurisprudence, and Canadian Civil Libel Law: Will There Be an Occasion for Dancing in Canadian Streets?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pizante, Gary

    The new and immense task that awaits the judiciary of Canada is to decide what limitations, if any, ought to be imposed upon freedom of expression as protected in the new Canadian Constitution with an entrenched Charter of Rights. The area of civil libel law provides special problems related to free speech and press. One source of help for…

  18. Sexual Harassment Guidance: Harassment of Students by School Employees, Other Students, or Third Parties. Federal Register, Part VII: Department of Education, Office of Civil Rights. Notice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Register, 1997

    1997-01-01

    This document contains the final policy guidance issued by the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, which is called the "Sexual Harassment Guidance." Sexual harassment of students is prohibited by Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The guidance provides educational institutions with information regarding the standards that are used by…

  19. The Busy Citizen's Discussion Guides. Suggestions for Informal Conversations: Racism and Race Relations; Sexual Harrassment; Civil Rights for Gays and Lesbians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topsfield Foundation, Pomfret, CT. Study Circles Resource Center.

    This set of discussion guides includes units on "Racism and Race Relations"; "Sexual Harassment"; and "Civil Rights for Gays and Lesbians." Each guide presents a brief introduction to the issue and suggestions for ways to discuss both personal attitudes and public policy. Cases, examples, questions, and a range of views serve as starting points…

  20. Looking Back, Moving Forward: How the Civil Rights Era Church Can Guide the Modern Black Church in Improving Black Student Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaines, Robert W., II

    2010-01-01

    As the operational center of the Civil Rights Movement, the Black church fostered community, functioned as an educative space, and promoted collaborative efforts among churches. Similarly, the modern Black church has the opportunity to invest in educating, organizing, and mobilizing people within the church and the local community. By investing in…

  1. What Causes the Test-Score Gap in Higher Education? Perspectives on the Office for Civil Rights Resource Guide on High-Stakes Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zwick, Rebecca

    2001-01-01

    Considers the guide on high-stakes testing issued by the federal Office for Civil Rights, including the controversy which ensued upon release of the first draft, changes in the subsequent version, and the issue of differences in educational achievement among ethnic and racial groups of which differences in standardized test scores may be…

  2. Affirmative Action in American Law Schools: A Briefing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Held in Washington, D.C., June 16, 2006. Briefing Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Commission on Civil Rights, 2007

    2007-01-01

    On June 16, 2006, a panel of experts briefed members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on affirmative action in American law schools. The panel convened to debate the empirical strength of the research on the effects of racial preferences in law school admissions and the legal and policy implications of the American Bar Association's…

  3. Sexual Harassment in the Schools. Background on Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and Guidance Issued by the Office of Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA.

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 prohibits sex discrimination in all schools and education programs that receive federal funds. Sexual harassment of students is one form of sex discrimination barred by the law. Detailed guidance on Title IX, issued by the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of Education, the enforcement agency for…

  4. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart Editorial Note: For the text of appendix C, see §§...

  5. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart Editorial Note: For the text of appendix C, see §§...

  6. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart Editorial Note: For the text of appendix C, see §§...

  7. 28 CFR Appendix C to Subpart G of... - Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Department Regulations Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (28 CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart C Appendix C to... CFR 42.106-42.110) Which Apply to This Subpart Editorial Note: For the text of appendix C, see §§...

  8. Proceedings, Conference on Public Policy and Education: The Making of Policy. Case Study: The Impact of Office of Civil Rights Rulings on Local Policy Making in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lachman, Seymour P., Ed.

    This document presents an overview of issues concerning the relationship between Federal, State, and local governments in education, the impact of Office of Civil Rights' (OCR) rulings on educational policy-making in New York City, and views held by various individuals towards the impact of such rulings on local policy-making in education. Michael…

  9. Federal and State Services and the Maine Indian. A Report of the Maine Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akins, Andrew; And Others

    Pursuant to its responsibilities to advise the Commission on Civil Rights, the Maine Advisory Committee's hearings, investigations, and recommendations relative to Federal and State services for American Indians in Maine are detailed in this report. Dealing first with policy and law as manifest in: (1) Self-Determination; (2) Federal Indian…

  10. A Different View of Urban Schools: Civil Rights, Critical Race Theory, and Unexplored Realities. Counterpoints: Studies in the Postmodern Theory of Education Volume 291

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Kitty Kelly

    2006-01-01

    This book tells a fascinating story about the realities of urban education in America. It provides new insights on teacher selection and preparation, curriculum, school takeovers, federal legislation, the role of business, and the impact of the civil rights movement on urban schools. The result is a new perspective on what educational reform…

  11. Testimony of Bruce C. Hafen before the Senate Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, concerning S. 2568, "The Civil Rights Act of 1984."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hafen, Bruce C.

    Testimony on S.2568, "The Civil Rights Act of 1984," is presented by the president of the American Association of Presidents of Independent Colleges and Universities. The legislation is designed to broaden the application of Title IX so that activities of the entire college would be subject to federal regulation. Institution-wide coverage would be…

  12. Title VI and Title IX Compliance by the Office for Civil Rights in State-Operated Special Purpose and Vocational Schools Pursuant to Adams v. Mathews.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClure, Phyllis

    This paper examines the compliance activities of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) undertaken to eliminate racial and sex discrimination in special purpose schools administered by State departments of education. After reviewing background to non-enforcement of Title VI, and briefly explaining Title IX, the activities of OCR with regard to special…

  13. Helping General Physical Educators and Adapted Physical Educators Address the Office of Civil Rights Dear Colleague Guidance Letter: Part IV--Sport Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieberman, Lauren; Lucas, Mark; Jones, Jeffery; Humphreys, Dan; Cody, Ann; Vaughn, Bev; Storms, Tommie

    2013-01-01

    "Helping General Physical Educators and Adapted Physical Educators Address the Office of Civil Rights Dear Colleague Guidance Letter: Part IV--Sport Groups" provides the the following articles: (1) "Sport Programming Offered by Camp Abilities and the United States Association for Blind Athletes" (Lauren Lieberman and Mark…

  14. Comparable Worth: Issue for the 80's. A Consultation of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights (Washington, DC, June 6-7, 1984). Volume 2: Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    These proceedings consists of statements by the authors of consultation papers on comparable worth previously submitted to the United States Commission on Civil Rights along with discussions between the consultation participant/authors and members of the Commission concerning issues raised both in the papers and in the statements. The opening…

  15. Access to the Legal Profession in Colorado by Minorities and Women. A Report Prepared by the Colorado Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levis, William; And Others

    The Colorado Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights investigated the accessibility of the legal profession to minorities and women in Colorado and the difficulties encountered by minorities and women at the professional education level and in the bar examination. Local and national statistics were provided by the American Bar…

  16. The Media in Montana: Its Effects on Minorities and Women. A Report Prepared by the Montana Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Norma; And Others

    Montana's Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights investigated the effects of Montana's television and newspaper media on minorities and women. Focus was on the employment opportunities in and the images projected by the media. Interviews were conducted with management and staff of newspapers, news services, and television…

  17. U.S. Commission on Civil Rights: Compliance with Appropriation Provisions as of March 31, 1988. Report to the Chairman, Committee on Appropriations, U.S. Senate, and the Chairman, Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. General Government Div.

    This document presents an audit of the United States Commission on Civil Rights. The following aspects were examined: (1) compliance with the requirements of Public Law 100-202, which imposes hiring regulations; (2) regional offices; (3) civil rights monitoring; (4) consultants; (5) temporary employees; (6) mission-related external services…

  18. Failure and Fraud in Civil Rights Enforcement by the Department of Education. Twenty-Second Report by the Committee on Government Operations Together with Separate and Additional Views. 100th Congress, 1st Session.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U. S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Government Operations.

    Failure and fraud in civil rights enforcement by the Department of Education are reported. Investigation and enforcement of the law is the duty of the department's Office for Civil Rights (OCR), which has not followed procedural guidelines for these duties. Complaint cases have accumulated without resolution and few attempts have been made to…

  19. US "Partnership" with the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood and its Effect on Civil Society and Human Rights.

    PubMed

    Pierce, Anne R

    2014-01-01

    Looking at Egypt before, during and after the Arab Spring, this paper examines the intersection of Christian Copts, the Muslim Brotherhood, the Egyptian army, moderate Muslims and secular groups. In turn, it examines the Obama administration's policies toward Egypt. It discloses the surprising finding that the only consistent aspect of the administration's policy toward Egypt has been outreach to and engagement with the Muslim Brotherhood. At no time before or after the Brotherhood's ascent to prominence in Egyptian politics and society did the administration make support of the Brotherhood conditional. At no time did it use US leverage - given the massive amount of financial and military aid Egypt was depending on, and given the new Egyptian government's desire for prestige in the world community-to pressure the Morsi government to respect human rights, religious liberty and the impartial rule of law. Arguing that American foreign policy at its best is rooted in democratic ideals, this paper asks whether the United States, while respecting that Egyptians must choose their leaders and their political system, could have done more to encourage a positive strategic, moral and political outcome. PMID:24415811

  20. Black physicians and the struggle for civil rights: lessons from the Mississippi experience: part 1: the forces for and against change.

    PubMed

    deShazo, Richard D; Smith, Robert; Skipworth, Leigh Baldwin

    2014-10-01

    The roles of black physicians in the South in the period leading up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 have not been fully disclosed. In Mississippi and elsewhere in the South, it is a story of disenfranchised professionals who risked life, limb, and personal success to improve the lot of those they served. This first of 2 articles on the subject provides an overview of the forces for and against the struggle for civil rights and social justice in medicine in the South. We use newly available data from Mississippi as a prime example. An understanding of these forces is essential to an understanding of medical education and medical practice in this period and helps explain why the South remains in last place in most indicators of health today. PMID:24941459

  1. Empowering members, not overpowering them: the National Organization for Women, calls for lesbian inclusion, and California influence, 1960s-1980s.

    PubMed

    Pomerleau, Clark A

    2010-01-01

    Standard accounts of the National Organization for Women (NOW) seriously underplay the duration of tensions between heterosexual and lesbian NOW members and the ways those tensions included both racialized analogies and tactical concerns. Based on personal papers, archival sources, interviews, and a re-evaluation of printed sources, I argue that by considering the perspective of national, state, and local lesbian feminist NOW members, we see tensions from the 1960s through the 1980s that have been missed by studies that focus either on NOW or on the growth of lesbian feminism or on second-wave feminist development generally. To legitimize their position, White lesbian feminists analogized their oppression with that of racial minorities while claiming to be better feminists than heterosexual women. Their approach is significant to conceptualizing the scope of feminist issues and tactics, the ways White women's discussion of race exacerbated racial divisions, and the fate of the Equal Rights Amendment. PMID:20665327

  2. History and Civility

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaefer, Larry

    2015-01-01

    Larry Schaefer's history of civility is a succinct summary of the implicit and evolving definitions of civility over 2500 years of civilization. Beginning with the Romans and the root word "civitas," meaning the rights and duties of citizenship, civility appears in classical literature as integral to the roots of democracy in the context…

  3. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-257-2184, Ohio Civil Rights Commission, 200 Goodall Complex, Cincinnati, Ohio

    SciTech Connect

    Echt, A.; Wilcox, T.G.; Crandall, M.S.; Martinez, K.F.

    1992-03-01

    In response to an employer request, an investigation was undertaken of poor indoor air quality at the Ohio Civil Rights Commission (SIC-9441), Cincinnati, Ohio. The Commission occupied three floors of an office building which was newly renovated in 1985. Complaints began following water leaks from condensate pans in the air handling units on third floor east and third floor west beginning in August of 1990. Carbon-dioxide (124389) concentrations, temperature and relative humidity were measured during the study at six different locations inside the building. Carbon-dioxide levels rose from a mean of 366 parts per million (ppm) in the morning to a mean of 638ppm in the afternoon. Temperatures ranged from 69.9 to 75.3 degrees-F. Relative humidity ranged from 51.5 to 75.5%. Over half the employees had experienced symptoms such as nasal congestion, headaches, or eye irritation while in the building. The filters for the outside air supply fit poorly and allowed dust from the outside to go around the filters, permitting entrance of organic material into the air handling system. Significant moisture blowby of the cooling coils was also noted. According to the authors, there was no clear evidence that the employees' respiratory symptoms were caused by contaminants in the building; however, the presence of thermophilic actinomycetes within the building raises concern. The authors recommend specific measures to help reduce complaints related to the indoor climate of the building.

  4. Dress codes and appearance policies: challenges under federal legislation, part 2: title VII of the civil rights act and gender.

    PubMed

    Mitchell, Michael S; Koen, Clifford M; Darden, Stephen M

    2014-01-01

    As more and more individuals express themselves with tattoos and body piercings and push the envelope on what is deemed appropriate in the workplace, employers have an increased need for creation and enforcement of reasonable dress codes and appearance policies. As with any employment policy or practice, an appearance policy must be implemented and enforced without regard to an individual's race, color, gender, national origin, religion, disability, age, or other protected status. A policy governing dress and appearance based on the business needs of an employer that is applied fairly and consistently and does not have a disproportionate effect on any protected class will generally be upheld if challenged in court. By examining some of the more common legal challenges to dress codes and how courts have resolved the disputes, health care managers can avoid many potential problems. This article, the second part of a 3-part examination of dress codes and appearance policies, focuses on the issue of gender under the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Pertinent court cases that provide guidance for employers are addressed. PMID:24463587

  5. Masculinity and Material Culture in Technological Transitions: From Letterpress to Offset Lithography, 1960s-1980s.

    PubMed

    Stein, Jesse Adams

    2016-01-01

    Between the 1960s and the 1980s the printing industry in advanced capitalist economies underwent dramatic technological change. While the transition from "hot metal" compositing to computerized typesetting has been extensively analyzed, there was another transformation occurring simultaneously: in the pressroom, letterpress was gradually replaced by offset lithography. Many letterpress machinists retrained, moving from a heavy, manual technology (with an entrenched patriarchal culture) to a method that was faster and less physically taxing. However, unlike their compositor counterparts, the press-machinists' transition involved a continuity of traditional masculine craft identities rather than a rupture associated with "deskilling." Intrinsic to this experience of technological change was a masculine embodiment that was attuned to and shaped by the materiality and aesthetics of printing technologies. This article establishes how masculine craft identities do not rely exclusively on skill-based mastery of traditional technologies, but also relate to other dimensions of technology, such as aesthetics, embodied "know-how," and the physicality of industrial machinery. PMID:26971727

  6. The Soviet-Russian space suits a historical overview of the 1960's

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Skoog, A. Ingemar; Abramov, Isaac P.; Stoklitsky, Anatoly Y.; Doodnik, Michail N.

    2002-07-01

    The development of protective suits for space use started with the Vostok-suit SK-1, first used by Yu. Gagarin on April 12, 1961, and then used on all subsequent Vostok-flights. The technical background for the design of these suits was the work on full pressure protective suits for military pilots and stratospheric flights in the 1930's through 50's. The Soviet-Russian space programme contains a large number of 'firsts', and one of the most well known is the first EVA by Leonov in 1965. This event is also the starting point for a long series of space suit development for Extravehicular Activities over the last 35 years. The next step to come was the transfer in void space of crew members between the two spacecraft Soyuz 4 and 5 in 1969. As has later become known this was an essential element in the planned Soviet lunar exploration programme, which in itself required a new space suit After the termination of the lunar programme in 1972, the space suit development concentrated on suits applicable to zero-gravity work around the manned space stations Salyut 6, Salyut 7 and MIR. These suits have become known as the ORLAN-family of suits, and an advanced version of this suit (ORLAN-M) will be used on the International Space Station together with the American EMU. This paper covers the space suit development in the Soviet Union in the 1960's and the experience used from the pre-space era.

  7. When Sukamo sought the bomb: Indonesian nuclear aspirations in the mid-1960s

    SciTech Connect

    Cornejo, R.M.

    1999-03-01

    Proponents of nuclear nonproliferation, such as the United States, seek to develop policies that address the root causes of nuclear proliferation. The discipline of international relations aids in this effort by providing theories that attempt to explain why states choose to build nuclear weapons. Most theories simplify the process of proliferation by using only one of three generally accepted explanations: security, domestic politics, or norms. The case of Indonesia, however, illustrates that proliferation is best explained by investigating all three dimensions as well as the role of technology. This thesis evaluates competing theories of nuclear proliferation using a historical case study of Indonesia's aspirations to acquire nuclear weapons during 1964--1965, and supports the view that multiple variables are necessary to explain the spread of nuclear weapons. As evidence, this thesis examines Indonesian President Sukamo's little-known nuclear aspirations in the mid-1960s. Although Sukamo was ultimately unsuccessful in his effort to acquire atomic weapons, his decision to seek them was influenced by a variety of factors that included Indonesia's security needs, domestic political considerations, norms, and available nuclear energy technology.

  8. Indigenous populations in Mexico: medical anthropology in the work of Ruben Lisker in the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Suárez-Díaz, Edna

    2014-09-01

    Ruben Lisker's research on the genetic hematological traits of Mexican indigenous populations illustrates the intersection of international health policies and the local modernizing nationalism of the Mexican post-revolution period. Lisker's surveys of blood group types, and of G6PD (glucose-6-phosphodehydrogenase) and hemoglobin variants in indigenous populations, incorporated linguistic criteria in the sampling methods, and historical and cultural anthropological accounts in the interpretation of results. In doing so, Lisker heavily relied on the discourse and the infrastructure created by the indigenista program and its institutions. Simultaneously, Lisker's research was thoroughly supported by international and bilateral agencies and programs, including the malaria eradication campaign of the 1950s and 1960s. As a member of the scientific elite he was able to make original contributions to the postwar field of human population genetics. His systematic research illustrates the complex entanglement of local and international contexts that explains the co-construction of global knowledge on human variation after WWII.(1.) PMID:25022488

  9. Student activism, mental health, and English-Canadian universities in the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Jasen, Patricia

    2011-01-01

    Student mental health services were created at many American universities during the interwar years in association with the mental hygiene movement of that era. In Canada, psychologists and psychiatrists became focused on the well-being of schoolchildren during this period, but services for university students were minimal or non-existent at most institutions until well after the Second World War. Influenced by American trends and in tune with rising public concern over the problems students were experiencing on Canada's burgeoning campuses, student organizations, in co-operation with the Canadian Mental Health Association, began a concerted campaign for improved services in the early 1960s. Through conferences, seminars, and surveys, they revealed the extent of student distress, and by 1965 their efforts were attracting increasing media attention and having a direct impact on university student health policies. Their campaign then entered a new phase, transformed by the same radicalization that infused the wider student movement in the wake of the Berkeley free speech protests. Dissatisfied with the institutional response and distrustful of the motives behind the services now provided, activists questioned the very meaning of 'mental health' in the context of their deeper critique of the university and society. By the end of the decade, the student mental health movement had run its course, but it left a lasting legacy in the ongoing reform of university health services and in attitudes towards student mental health. PMID:22145174

  10. Aaron O. Wells, MD and the Medical Committee for Human Rights: reflections on a life of conscience.

    PubMed Central

    Wells, Aaron O.

    2004-01-01

    The southern civil rights movement compelled Dr. Aaron Wells and other doctors to find ways to use their skills in support of that movement. Through the Medical Committee for Human Rights (MCHR), healthcare workers provided a medical presence for civil rights protesters in the south during the 1960s. Formed at a time when racial segregation in professional medical associations, hospitals, and medical education was common, the MCHR also highlighted race-based inequities in American medicine. Dr. Wells, a man who lives a life of activism, was the first national president of the MCHR. During the summer of 2002, nearly 40 years after the founding of MCHR, Wells was interviewed about his experiences. Those reminiscences are the basis of this article. Images p1520-a PMID:15586659

  11. Technology as the Language of Schooling: Utopian Visions of Technology in Swedish General Education in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hultén, Magnus

    2013-01-01

    In the state-of-the-art Glass Project run by the Swedish National Agency for Education during the second half of the 1960s, a new type of comprehensive technology education was developed. The project had little impact on school practice and was soon forgotten about. However, the project is interesting from several points of view. First, it…

  12. Commodities consumed in Italy, Greece and other Mediterranean countries compared with Australia in 1960s and 1990s.

    PubMed

    Noah, Ann; Truswell, Stewart

    2003-01-01

    Consumption figures for 15 major commodities (cereals, wheat, rice, maize, potato, pulses, olive oil, other vegetable oils, vegetables, fruits, wine, meats, animal fats, milk + products, and fish + seafood) were collected from FAO Food Balance Sheets during the 1960s (1961-1969) and late 1990s (1995-1999). For some nutritionists the "model Mediterranean diet" is the Italian or Greek diet of the 1960s, for others the concept of Mediterranean countries is more general. Analysis shows: (1) In the 1960s, Australia consumed more meat, milk, animal fat than Italy or Greece and less cereals, wheat, pulses, olive oil, vegetables, fruits and wine. (2) In the 1960s, Australia's olive oil, vegetables, fruits and wine consumption were within the range for all 18 Mediterranean countries (i.e. Spain, France, Italy, Malta, Croatia, Bosnia, Albania, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Morocco). (3) In the 1990s, food consumptions have evolved; Australia's wine and milk consumption is now similar to Italy and Greece; consumption of wheat, olive oil, vegetables, fruits and fish are lower; consumption of potato, pulses, other vegetable oils and meat are higher than Italy or Greece. (4) Australia's consumption of the 15 commodities is within the range of all Mediterranean countries in the late 1990s, except wheat consumption was lower. PMID:12737007

  13. An Historiographical Analysis of the Impact of the 1960s on Institutions of Higher Education in Metropolitan Boise, Idaho

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersen, R. Scott

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation traces the history of three of the colleges in Idaho's Treasure Valley during the 1960s: Boise State University (BSU), the College of Idaho (C of I), and Northwest Nazarene University (NNU). The time period examined in the study begins with the Soviet launch of Sputnik in late 1957 and ends with the deaths of students during…

  14. The Back Office of School Reform: Educational Planning Units in German-Speaking Switzerland (1960s and 1970s)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosche, Anne

    2016-01-01

    The present article investigates what consequences for educational policy and/or educational administration were drawn from the upheavals of the 1960s and 1970s. A popular diagnosis in political science is that political decision-makers were pushed into a "reactive" role. In the context of a general "planning euphoria", and an…

  15. Creating New Technologists of Research in the 1960s: The Case of the Reproduction of Automated Chromatography Specialists and Practitioners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerontas, Apostolos

    2014-01-01

    Chromatographic instrumentation has been really influential in shaping the modern chemical practice, and yet it has been largely overlooked by history of science.Gas chromatography in the 1960s was considered the analytical technique closer to becoming dominant, and being the first automated chromatography set the standards that all the subsequent…

  16. Screens of Disorder: English Cinema's Representation of Teachers' Responses to Challenges to Their Authority in the 1960s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coman, Paul Edmund

    2013-01-01

    Change across wider English society in the 1960s was characterised by a managed and relatively consensual social liberalism. There was a discernible cultural shift toward greater personal and sexual freedom. Within education in England, a revisionist approach sought to extend traditional education to a wider constituency, in particular…

  17. You Say You Want a Revolution? "Happenings" and the Legacy of the 1960s for Composition Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brittenham, Rebecca

    2001-01-01

    Examines the impact on composition studies of the fact that in the 1960s the university became a breeding ground for radical culture while simultaneously being complicitous with the normative culture of the bureaucratic state. Suggests that the determination of composition studies to professionalize created an unresolved set of institutional and…

  18. The Big Chill: Changes in American Politics and Society from the Late 1960s to the Present.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, David S.

    This essay looks at three kinds of changes in American society over the period from the late 1960s to the mid-1990s. First, data from the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) are used to measure trends in college freshmen's political identification, materialism, concern for law and order, and concern for helping others. In all these…

  19. Adult Learners in France in the 1960s: A Socio-Historical Approach to "The Relationship to Knowledge"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laot, Francoise F.

    2010-01-01

    This paper uses a socio-historical approach to explore the emergence in French theoretical literature in the mid-1960s of a new notion, the "relationship to knowledge" ("rapport au savoir"), and its success in the emerging field of professional adult education within the Complex of Nancy, France. The increasing use of this notion, first, in the…

  20. Spatial variability of glacier decline in the Indian and Nepalese Himalaya since the 1960s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, R.; Rivera, A.; Collins, D. N.; Entwistle, N. S.

    2013-12-01

    Since reaching their Little Ice Age Maximums, Himalayan glaciers have generally undergone a period of retreat, evident from large moraines left at former ice limits. Currently, however, detailed assessments of Himalayan glacier fluctuations over the past century are limited and fail to compare spatially or temporally to records available in Central Europe, North America and Scandinavia. Consequently, the variability and magnitude of glacial change across the Himalayas, a region that is typified by complex climatic settings, is still yet to be fully understood. Against a back drop of poor data availability, 1960s Corona stereo-imagery and historic GLIMS glacier outlines now offer an opportunity to assess glacier extent in regions of the Himalayas pre-1980. Comparing glacier measurements derived from Corona and GLIMS datasets with those made from more contemporary ASTER data, changes in glacier area and length, between the 1960/70s and 2000s, were quantified for selected glaciers located in Uttaranchal, India (Bhagirathi and Pindar/Kali basins) and Central Nepal (Seti and Trisula basins). Most notably, results indicate that glaciers selected in the Bhagirathi and Pindar/Kali basins reduced in area by 7.97% and 7.54%, respectively. Contrastingly, glaciers located in the Seti and Trisula basins experienced a significantly higher rate of decline, reducing in area by 29.78% and 50.55%, respectively. After reviewing other Himalayan glacier change records, it is suggested that the comparatively limited decline of Uttaranchal glaciers may be attributed to the existence of a climatic transitional zone in this region where glaciers benefit from large amounts of both summer and winter snowfall enabling them to greater withstand recent climate changes. The spatial variability of glacier decline shown here has important implications when considering the future impacts of continued retreat on regional water resources across the Himalaya.

  1. Tall shrub and tree expansion in Siberian tundra ecotones since the 1960s.

    PubMed

    Frost, Gerald V; Epstein, Howard E

    2014-04-01

    Circumpolar expansion of tall shrubs and trees into Arctic tundra is widely thought to be occurring as a result of recent climate warming, but little quantitative evidence exists for northern Siberia, which encompasses the world's largest forest-tundra ecotonal belt. We quantified changes in tall shrub and tree canopy cover in 11, widely distributed Siberian ecotonal landscapes by comparing very high-resolution photography from the Cold War-era 'Gambit' and 'Corona' satellite surveillance systems (1965-1969) with modern imagery. We also analyzed within-landscape patterns of vegetation change to evaluate the susceptibility of different landscape components to tall shrub and tree increase. The total cover of tall shrubs and trees increased in nine of 11 ecotones. In northwest Siberia, alder (Alnus) shrubland cover increased 5.3-25.9% in five ecotones. In Taymyr and Yakutia, larch (Larix) cover increased 3.0-6.7% within three ecotones, but declined 16.8% at a fourth ecotone due to thaw of ice-rich permafrost. In Chukotka, the total cover of alder and dwarf pine (Pinus) increased 6.1% within one ecotone and was little changed at a second ecotone. Within most landscapes, shrub and tree increase was linked to specific geomorphic settings, especially those with active disturbance regimes such as permafrost patterned-ground, floodplains, and colluvial hillslopes. Mean summer temperatures increased at most ecotones since the mid-1960s, but rates of shrub and tree canopy cover expansion were not strongly correlated with temperature trends and were better correlated with mean annual precipitation. We conclude that shrub and tree cover is increasing in tundra ecotones across most of northern Siberia, but rates of increase vary widely regionally and at the landscape scale. Our results indicate that extensive changes can occur within decades in moist, shrub-dominated ecotones, as in northwest Siberia, while changes are likely to occur much more slowly in the highly continental

  2. [Cerebral paragonimiasis and Bo Sung Sim's hemispherectomy in Korea in 1950s-1960s].

    PubMed

    Park, Jiyoung; Miyagawa, Takuya; Hong, Jeonghwa; Kim, Ockjoo

    2011-06-30

    This paper deals with cerebral paragonimiasis and cerebral hemispherectomy conducted as a treatment of cerebral paragonimiasis by Bo Sung Sim in Korea in 1950s-1960s. He demonstrated that cerebral hemispherectomy could be used for unilateral diffuse cerebral paragonimiasis. Sim learned cerebral hemispherectomy from Dr. L. A. French. at the University of Minnesota from 1955 to 1957 in America. The authors argues that Bo Sung Sim's introduction of cerebral hemispherectomy to Korea was not a simple application of an advanced medical technology, but a complicated and active process in that Sim used the technique to intervene intractable complications from cerebral paragonimiasis such as generalized convulsions, spastic hemiplegia and mental deterioration. Bo Sung Sim, one of the neurosurgeons of the first generation in Korea, was trained in neurology, neuropathology, neuroradiology and animal experiments as well as in neurosurgery at the University of Minnesota. After returning to Korea, Sim faced parasitic diseases, one of the most serious public health problems at that time, which were far different from what he learned in America. As a neurosurgeon, Sim tackled with parasitic diseases of the central nervous system with various diagnostics and therapeutics. In 1950s, more than one million populations suffered from pulmonary paragonimiasis acquired by eating raw crabs or by feeding juice of crushed crayfish for the treatment of measles in Korea. About 26.6 percent of people with paragonimiasis had cerebral paragonimiasis. Before bithionol therapy was introduced in 1962, neurosurgery was the only available treatment to control increased intracranial pressures, intractable epilepsy, paralysis and mental deterioration. Between 1958 to 1962, Bo Sung Sim operated on 24 patients of cerebral paragonimiasis. In two of them, he performed cerebral hemispherectomy to control intractable convulsions when he found diffuse cerebral paragonimiasis and cerebral atrophy at the

  3. [The making of the sexual and erotic body in the West German youth magazine BRAVO, 1960s-70s].

    PubMed

    Sauerteig, Lutz

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyses the very successful popular youth magazine BRAVO as a central element of the West German youth culture. The focus is on BRAVO's contribution to the shaping of the sexual and erotic knowledge of the young in West Germany since the mid-1960s. Using a definition of popular culture that is inspired by the cultural studies and by an understanding of gender as a construct, the paper scrutinizes discourses on homosexuality, impotency and frigidity, moral debates on premarital sexual intercourse and changes of sexual behaviour of the young at the end of the 1960s, as well as discourses on the erotic body in the 1970s. By mediating authoritative knowledge about sex BRAVO contributed to stabilizing the heterosexual matrix in West Germany's youth culture. PMID:18019224

  4. Photography and radical psychiatry in Italy in the 1960s. The case of the photobook Morire di Classe (1969)

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    In the 1960s Franco Basaglia, the Director of a Psychiatric Hospital in a small city on the edge of Italy (Gorizia), began to transform that institution from the inside. He introduced patient meetings and set up a kind of Therapeutic Community. In 1968 he asked two photographers – Carla Cerati and Gianni Berengo Gardin – to take photos inside Gorizia and other asylums. These images were then used in a photobook called Morire di Classe (To Die Because of your Class) (1969). This article re-examines in detail the content of this celebrated book and its history, and its impact on the struggle to reform and abolish large-scale psychiatric institutions. It also places the book in its social and political context and as a key text of the anti-psychiatry movement of the 1960s. PMID:25698683

  5. 'Clueless about contraception': the introduction and circulation of the contraceptive pill in state-socialist Poland (1960s-1970s).

    PubMed

    Ignaciuk, Agata

    2014-01-01

    This paper discusses the introduction of the pill into the state-socialist Polish market in the late 1960s and its circulation over the following decade. Abortion, legalised for socio-economic reasons in 1956, had been available practically on demand since 1959, and there were no legal obstacles to contraception. The pill first appeared in Poland in the early 1960s, but was not widely available in pharmacies until 1969, when the local pharmaceutical industry began production. Throughout the 1970s, only two brands were widely available: Femigen and Angravid. The pill played a marginal role in family planning during the 1960s and 1970s in Poland, with cycle-observation, backed by the possibility of a legal abortion, being the main resource for birth control. This was due to structural limits to the distribution of the pill on a centrally-planned market closed to Western pharmaceutical companies, cultural patterns of sexual behaviour, and the availability of abortion. PMID:26054213

  6. The Climate Change Crisis as an International Civil Rights Issue: Forging an Alliance Between Science, Activism, and Progressive Social Movements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lynch, B. J.; Driver, S.

    2011-12-01

    If our scientific community wants to make real progress on the climate change and environmental crisis we must be willing to side with and fight for the oppressed. The national and international communities most ready to act - those hit hardest by the real impact of climate change in their day-to-day lives - need the political leadership of and a living, organic connection with scientists who are prepared to tell the truth and act on the truth of our science. A new generation of scientist-activist leaders and this strategic and mutually beneficial alliance with the oppressed will be necessary to wage an international, intransigent fight to enact and implement the social, political, and economic policies needed to mitigate the damage already done and prevent future environmental and human catastrophe. In the statement BAMN distributed to last year's Fall AGU conference we said, "there will be no shortage of mass struggle in the next period of history." This spring we saw the absolutely awe-inspiring social upheavals in North Africa and the Middle East in the form of waves of mass demonstrations in country after country. Many of those struggles, with demands for real democracy, for jobs and economic opportunities, for improved living conditions, continue to this day. In virtually every instance, these popular and progressive social movements have been led by youth: middle school, high school and college students. In the US and Europe we have seen the spread of student-led struggle around the defense of K-12 public education and on college campuses in defense of various programs, opportunities, and the character of the educational experience. The most dynamic force in these struggles has been the Latina/o, black, other underrepresented minority and immigrant youth who refuse to accept permanent second-class citizenship and a future devoid of hope and opportunity. We will discuss our experience as a youth-led civil rights organization presenting the issues of climate

  7. 14 CFR § 1204.508 - Delegation of authority of certain civil rights functions to Department of Health, Education, and...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Delegation of authority of certain civil... Aeronautics and Space NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITY AND POLICY..., the following responsibilities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and of...

  8. Historical ambient airborne asbestos concentrations in the United States - an analysis of published and unpublished literature (1960s-2000s).

    PubMed

    Abelmann, Anders; Glynn, Meghan E; Pierce, Jennifer S; Scott, Paul K; Serrano, Samantha; Paustenbach, Dennis J

    2015-01-01

    Outdoor concentrations of airborne asbestos have been measured throughout the US over time. However, a thorough review and analysis of these data has not been conducted. The purpose of this study is to characterize asbestos concentrations in ambient air by environment type (urban, rural) and by decade, using measurements collected in the absence of known asbestos emission sources. A total of 17 published and unpublished studies and datasets were identified that reported the results of 2058 samples collected from the 1960s through the 2000s across the US. Most studies did not report asbestos fiber type, and data based on different analytical methods (e.g. Phase Contrast Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, etc.) were combined in the dataset; however, only fibers ≥5 μm in length were considered. For a small subset of the measurements (n = 186, 9.0%), a conversion factor was used to convert mass-based data (e.g. ng/m(3)) to count-based values (i.e. f/cc ≥5 μm). The estimated overall mean and median ambient asbestos concentrations for the 1960s through 2000s were 0.00093 f/cc and 0.00022 f/cc, respectively. Concentrations generally increased from the 1960s through the early 1980s, after which they declined considerably. While asbestos use decreased throughout the 1970s, these results indicate that ambient concentrations peaked during the early 1980s, which suggests the possible contribution of abatement or demolition activities. Lastly, ambient asbestos concentrations were higher in urban than rural settings, which is consistent with the greater use of asbestos-containing materials in more densely populated areas. PMID:26671195

  9. [The Korean Pharmaceutical Industry and the Expansion of the General Pharmaceuticals Market in the 1950-1960s].

    PubMed

    Sihn, Kyu-Hwan

    2015-12-01

    After the Liberation, the Korean economy was dependent on relief supplies and aid after the ruin of the colonial regime and war. The pharmaceutical business also searched for their share in the delivery of military supplies and the distribution of relief supplies. The supply-side pharmaceutical policy made the pharmaceutical market a wholesale business. The gravity of the situation led to an increased importation of medical supplies, and wholesalers took the lead in establishing the distribution structure, whereas consumers and pharmaceutical business were relatively intimidated. The aid provided by the International Cooperation Administration (ICA) marked a turning point in the Korean pharmaceutical industry after the middle of the 1950s. ICA supplied raw materials and equipment funds, while the pharmaceutical business imported advanced technology and capital. The government invited the local production of medical substances, whereas pharmaceutical businesses replaced imported medical substances with locally produced antibiotics. After the 1960s, the production of antibiotics reached saturation. Pharmaceutical businesses needed new markets to break through the stalemate, so they turned their attention to vitamins and health tonics as general pharmaceuticals, as these were suitable for mass production and mass consumption. The modernized patent medicine market after the Opening of Korea was transformed into the contemporized general pharmaceuticals market equipped with the up-to-date facilities and technology in 1960s. Pharmaceutical businesses had to advertise these new products extensively and reform the distribution structure to achieve high profits. With the introduction of TV broadcasting, these businesses invested in TV advertising and generated sizable sales figures. They also established retail pharmacy and chain stores to reform the distribution structure. The end result was a dramatic expansion of the general pharmaceuticals market. The market for

  10. THE POLICY RESPONSE TO THE SMOKING AND LUNG CANCER CONNECTION IN THE 1950s AND 1960s*

    PubMed Central

    BERRIDGE, VIRGINIA

    2006-01-01

    A key current concern is how scientific knowledge may inform policy in relation to major environmental and health concerns. There are distinct schools of analysis about this relationship between science and policy. They stress rational relationships; denial and delay; or the role of networks. History is important in modifying such perspectives: smoking policy in the 1950s and 1960s is the case study here. The initial response in the 1950s to the link between smoking and lung cancer was in part conditioned by the role of the tobacco industry and the financial importance of tobacco: the British tobacco industry had closer relationships with government than the American one, and did not rely on public relations. Public health interests worked with the industry. But politicians were concerned also about the fluidity of the epidemiological evidence; the dangers of stirring up further pressure over air pollution; the financial and ideological implications of health education and its location; and the electoral dangers of intervening in a popular mass habit. In the 1960s the British and American medical reports stimulated the growth of a public health ‘policy community’. The initial political considerations began to weaken and these years marked the beginning of a new style of public health. PMID:20200590

  11. The Case of Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education: From Civil Rights to Students' Rights and Back Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Philip

    2014-01-01

    Background/Context: Legal scholars have cited the Fifth Circuit's ruling in Dixon v. Alabama State Board of Education (1961) as the beginning of a revolution for students' rights that ended the in loco parentis relationship between colleges and their students. But little has been written about the students' activism that led to this…

  12. The United States and South Africa: History, Civil Rights, and the Legal and Cultural Vulnerability of Blacks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornwell, JoAnne

    1986-01-01

    The cultural histories of Blacks in the United States and in Southern Africa are parallel in the following ways: (1) the roles of Blacks in the labor force and in politics; (2) the careers of leaders like King, Mandela, and Tutu; (3) organized struggle for rights; and (4) the rise of a Black consciousness. (VM)

  13. Injustice under the Law: The Impact of the "Grove City College" Decision on Civil Rights in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of American Colleges, Washington, DC. Project on the Status and Education of Women.

    The ramifications of the Supreme Court ruling on "Grove City College v. Bell," which narrowly interpreted Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 are discussed. Title IX protects the rights of women and girls in educational programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance. In the case, the Supreme Court held that a college whose…

  14. Lives of women and men active in the social protests of the 1960s: a longitudinal study.

    PubMed

    Franz, C E; McClelland, D C

    1994-01-01

    This study found that 46 of 116 children from the R. R. Sears, E. E. Maccoby, and H. Levin (1957) child-rearing study classified at age 31 as participants in the protest movements of the 1960s came more often from middle-class families and attained higher educational levels than their counterparts who did not participate in the protests. In midlife, activists remained more rebellious and altruistic than their peers of equivalent education. Sixties activists did better in grade school and had positive permissive parents at age 5. Parenting style was associated with doing well in school only in girls. As adults, female activists were less involved in family life and had better jobs than their peers. Male activists did less well occupationally and were less happy than their male peers or the female activists. PMID:8126649

  15. Repositioning the patient: patient organizations, consumerism, and autonomy in Britain during the 1960s and 1970s.

    PubMed

    Mold, Alex

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how and why the patient came to be repositioned as a political actor within British health care during the 1960s and 1970s. Focusing on the role played by patient organizations, it is suggested that the repositioning of the patient needs to be seen in the light of growing demands for greater patient autonomy and the application of consumerist principles to health. Examining the activities of two patient groups-the National Association for the Welfare of Children in Hospital (NAWCH) and the Patients Association (PA)-indicates that while such groups undoubtedly placed more emphasis on individual autonomy, collective concerns did not entirely fall away. The voices of patients, as well as the patient, continued to matter within British health care. PMID:23811711

  16. Environmental monitoring report for commercial low-level radioactive waste disposal sites (1960`s through 1990`s)

    SciTech Connect

    1996-11-01

    During the time period covered in this report (1960`s through early 1990`s), six commercial low-level radioactive waste (LLRW) disposal facilities have been operated in the US. This report provides environmental monitoring data collected at each site. The report summarizes: (1) each site`s general design, (2) each site`s inventory, (3) the environmental monitoring program for each site and the data obtained as the program has evolved, and (4) what the program has indicated about releases to off-site areas, if any, including a statement of the actual health and safety significance of any release. A summary with conclusions is provided at the end of each site`s chapter. The six commercial LLRW disposal sites discussed are located near: Sheffield, Illinois; Maxey Flats, Kentucky; Beatty, Nevada; West Valley, New York; Barnwell, South Carolina; Richland, Washington.

  17. Backstage: the relationship between the Rockefeller Foundation and the World Health Organization, Part I: 1940s-1960s.

    PubMed

    Birn, A-E

    2014-02-01

    In recent years, there has been a growing debate about what role foundations should play in global health governance generally, and particularly vis-à-vis the World Health Organization (WHO). Much of this discussion revolves around today's gargantuan philanthropy, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and its sway over the agenda and modus operandi of global health. Yet such pre-occupations are not new. The Rockefeller Foundation (RF), the unparalleled 20th century health philanthropy heavyweight, both profoundly shaped WHO and maintained long and complex relations with it, even as both institutions changed over time. This article examines the WHO-RF relationship from the 1940s to the 1960s, tracing its ebbs and flows, key moments, challenges, and quandaries, concluding with a reflection on the role of the Cold War in both fully institutionalizing the RF's dominant disease-control approach and limiting its smaller social medicine efforts, even as the RF's quotidian influence at WHO diminished. PMID:24412372

  18. Large-Scale Urban Riots and Residential Segregation: A Case Study of the 1960s U.S. Riots.

    PubMed

    Brazil, Noli

    2016-04-01

    Despite a well-established literature investigating race-related predictors of riot incidence, the racial aftermath of riots remains unexamined. In this study, I use the 1960s U.S. race riots to investigate trends in black residential segregation levels following large-scale riot activity in seven major U.S. cities. I use a novel approach--namely, synthetic control matching--to select a group of cities against which segregation trends can be compared. I find that levels of black segregation rose in 1970 for four of the seven cities, but these increases disappeared in 1980 and 1990 except in Detroit. These results mask differential trends at lower geographic levels: suburban neighborhoods in affected areas experienced larger and longer-term increases in segregation, particularly in traditionally hypersegregated cities in the Midwest and Northeast. PMID:26940025

  19. When 'drugs' become 'drugs': issues of pharmaceutical abuse in France from the 1960s to the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Marchant, Alexandre

    2014-01-01

    Since the 1970s, media frenzies about drug addiction have focused mainly on illicit drugs taken by rebellious or marginalised addicts, relegating iatrogenic drug abuse, and policies and problems linked to psychotropic pharmaceuticals available by prescription or over-the-counter to the shadows. In this article I go beyond the division between illicit drugs and medicines still configuring both public representations and historiography: using archival materials from the 1960s-1990s in France, I highlight some blind spots in drug history. Firstly I demonstrate the role of pharmaceutical abuse in the career of addicts, and then examine regulation policies, which are the dark side, however complementary, of drug policies and prohibition. Finally, I analyse the role of physicians and pharmacists in this control, and discuss the various professional debates relating to the legal supply of psychoactive drugs. In all these issues, the frame of the Cold War context will also be highlighted. PMID:26054215

  20. Scientific Cooperation Between the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin (DAW) and Cuba in the 1960s and 1970s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wendt, Helge

    After the ratification of its constitution in 1959, the young Cuban Republic sought new cooperation partners in a number of different fields. One of these fields was scientific cooperation. It seems the Cubans quickly found partners in the academies of science of the USSR, Czechoslovakia and China, whereas the German Academy of Sciences in Berlin (DAW) was reluctant to engage in long-term cooperative projects. In the early 1960s, the universities of East Germany (GDR) began to send docents and scientists to Cuba where they participated in the summer schools, taught for one semester or more in one of the universities and undertook research that would be useful for their home institutions. However, the DAW carefully observed the reestablishment of Cuba's own academy of science before becoming involved in common projects with Cuban partners.

  1. Creating New Technologists of Research in the 1960s: The Case of the Reproduction of Automated Chromatography Specialists and Practitioners

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerontas, Apostolos

    2014-08-01

    Chromatographic instrumentation has been really influential in shaping the modern chemical practice, and yet it has been largely overlooked by history of science.Gas chromatography in the 1960s was considered the analytical technique closer to becoming dominant, and being the first automated chromatography set the standards that all the subsequent chromatographic instrumentation had to fulfill. Networks of specialists, groups of actors, corporate strategies and the analytical practice itself, were all affected and in many ways because of the entrance of gas chromatography in the chemical laboratory and in the instrumentation market. This paper gives a view of the early history of the gas chromatography instrumentation, relates it to the broader research-technology phenomenon and discusses issues of education and group reproduction in the case of the groups of technologists of the era. The chaotic elements of knowledge transfer during the instrumentation revolution in chemistry are being highlighted and they are being connected to the observable radical innovation of the period.

  2. Assessing black progress: voting and citizenship rights, residency and housing, education.

    PubMed

    Farley, R

    1986-01-01

    Farley discusses progress US blacks have made in the areas of voting and citizenship rights, residency and housing, and education. A major goal of the civil rights movement was to permit blacks to influence the electoral process in the same manner as whites. Most important in this regard was the Voting Rights Act of 1965; the proportion of southern blacks casting ballots increased sharply since the early 1960s. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 outlawed racial segregation in public accommodations, but by the turn of the century, Jim Crow laws in southern states called for segregation in most public places. Common customs and government policy in the North resulted in similar segregation of blacks from whites. The Montgomery bus boycott and similar protests in dozens of other cities led to enactment of Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which proscribed such racial practices. By the late 1960s, blacks in all regions could use the same public accommodations as whites. In most metropolitan areas, de facto racial segregation persisted long after the laws were changed. Supreme Court decisions and local open-housing ordinances supported the right of blacks to live where they could afford. However the major change was the Fair Housing Act of 1968, which outlawed racial discrimination in the sale or rental of most housing units. The separation of blacks from whites did not end in the 1970s. Today, in areas which have large black populations, there are many central city neighborhoods and a few in the suburbs which are either all-black or are becoming exclusively black enclaves. Most other neighborhoods have no more than token black populations. Another major effort of civil rights organizations has been the upgrading of housing quality for blacks. By 1980, only 6% of the homes and apartments occupied by blacks lacked complete plumbing facilities (down from 50% in 1940). Unlike the modest changes in residential segregation, racial differences in housing quality have been

  3. Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities: Poverty, Inequality, and Discrimination--A National Perspective. Executive Summary and Transcript of Hearing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights (Washington, D.C., May 21-22, 1992).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    In February 1991 the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights began a long- term study of the factors contributing to increased racial and ethnic tensions in the United States. This document is a summary of key points made at a National Perspectives Hearing that was part of this study. Following 2 days of testimony and the discussions of eight panels, five…

  4. Children, Families, and Public Schools: Building Community Alliances for Learning. The National Education Association's Annual Conference on Human and Civil Rights in Education (23rd, February 22-24, 1985). NEA Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC.

    This conference addressed the problems of children whose circumstances limit their ability to learn, their access to equal educational opportunity, and their basic civil rights, and the role of National Education Association (NEA) members and their communities in solving these problems. The keynote address by Blandina Cardenas Ramirez, excerpted…

  5. To Know or Not to Know. Collection and Use of Racial and Ethnic Data in Federal Assistance Programs. A Report of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, February 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graae, Cynthia Norris; And Others

    The current capabilities of Federal Agencies to measure the extent to which minorities receive the benefits of Federal domestic assistance programs were evaluated by the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights. The use and collection of racial and ethnic data; responsibility for racial and ethnic data collection and use; and the legal issues of authority,…

  6. The Benefits of Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Elementary and Secondary Education. A Briefing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Held in Washington, D.C., July 28, 2006. Briefing Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Commission on Civil Rights, 2006

    2006-01-01

    On July 28, 2006, a panel of experts briefed members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on the putative benefits of racial and ethnic diversity in elementary and secondary education. Four experts presented written statements to the Commissioners that assessed the social science literature on this issue. They also addressed whether or not…

  7. Hearings on H.R. 1, The Civil Rights Act of 1991. Hearings before the Committee on Education and Labor. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session (February 27 and March 5, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

    This document presents proceedings of hearings held before a congressional committee on H.R. 1, the Civil Rights Act of 1991. In addition to the text of H.R. 1, the live statements and prepared statements of the following individuals and groups are included: Brenda Berkman; John Bishop; Dr. Heidi Hartmann; Kenneth Kimerling; Jacqueline Morris;…

  8. Marshall Space Flight Center and the Reactor-in-Flight Stage: A Look Back at Using Nuclear Propulsion to Power Space Vehicles in the 1960's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wright, Mike

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the Marshall Space Flight Center s role in the Reactor-In-Flight (RIlT) project that NASA was involved with in the early 1960 s. The paper outlines the project s relation to the joint NASA-Atomic Energy Commission nuclear initiative known as Project Rover. It describes the justification for the RIFT project, its scope, and the difficulties that were encountered during the project. It also provides as assessment of NASA s overall capabilities related to nuclear propulsion in the early 1960 s.

  9. [The press, gender, and scientific culture in the 1960s: an interview with Eulina Cavalcante, journalist for the newspaper News Seller].

    PubMed

    Almeida, Eulina Cavalcante de; Guimarães, Clara; Oliver, Graciela de Souza

    2015-12-01

    The article offers an interview with journalist Eulina Cavalcante de Almeida, editor of the woman's section of the ABC Paulista newspaper News Seller in the 1960s. Almeida was responsible for introducing women's and scientific issues to the paper's female readers. Science formed one of the foundations of her writing as she offered her women readers scientific information, especially in the area of health. In the 1960s, the level of scientific literacy in Brazil rose and Almeida's work dovetailed with this trend. The woman's section of News Seller played a valuable role in science communication in the ABC Paulista. PMID:26625924

  10. Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1985. Joint Hearings before the Committee on Education and Labor and the Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights of the Committee on the Judiciary. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session on H.R. 700 (Philadelphia, PA, March 4; Washington, DC, March 7, 27, 28 and April 2; Atlanta GA, March 11; Chicago, IL, March 15; Los Angeles, CA, March 22; and Santa Fe, NM, March 25, 1985).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1986

    In the aftermath of Grove City College v Bell, Congress sought to nullify the effects of the decision by the enactment of H.R. 700 (Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1985). This bill would restore the broad scope of coverage and clarify the application of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973,…

  11. The precariousness of the franchise state: Voluntary sector health services and international NGOs in Tanzania, 1960s - mid-1980s.

    PubMed

    Jennings, Michael

    2015-09-01

    This paper challenges conventional narratives on the role of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) in the delivery of health services in Tanzania. Adopting an historical gaze which focuses on the 1960s to mid-1980s the paper argues that the 'franchise state' in the Tanzanian health system was not created by collusion between international donors and INGOs, underpinned by a set of health sector reforms that advocated the use of non-state actors; but was rather the legacy of the colonial health system bequeathed to the post-independence state. It was a system in which voluntary non-state actors (but, importantly, not INGOs) were already entrenched as key providers; and in which many of the features of the franchise state - fragmentation, structural weaknesses, lack of accountability to users - were already long established. But if INGOs did not create these features, as their critics attest, they did contribute to the maintenance and extension of these features. The short-term perspectives of NGOs, their small-scale piecemeal engagement, and the extra demands they placed upon their voluntary actor partners, left little scope for the development of sustainable, national and accountable solutions to the health needs of the country. In exploring these ideas, the paper contributes to a more nuanced understanding of the path dependency that created Tanzania's health system. The analysis also contributes to a deepening of the understanding of the make-up of the voluntary sector beyond a narrow gaze on the institution of the INGO. PMID:26233295

  12. Anomalous Variability in Antarctic Sea Ice Extents During the 1960s With the Use of Nimbus Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallaher, David W.; Campbell, G. Garrett; Meier, Walter N.

    2014-01-01

    The Nimbus I, II, and III satellites provide a new opportunity for climate studies in the 1960s. The rescue of the visible and infrared imager data resulted in the utilization of the early Nimbus data to determine sea ice extent. A qualitative analysis of the early NASA Nimbus missions has revealed Antarctic sea ice extents that are signicant larger and smaller than the historic 1979-2012 passive microwave record. The September 1964 ice mean area is 19.7x10 km +/- 0.3x10 km. This is more the 250,000 km greater than the 19.44x10 km seen in the new 2012 historic maximum. However, in August 1966 the maximum sea ice extent fell to 15.9x10 km +/- 0.3x10 km. This is more than 1.5x10 km below the passive microwave record of 17.5x10 km set in September of 1986. This variation between 1964 and 1966 represents a change of maximum sea ice of over 3x10 km in just two years. These inter-annual variations while large, are small when compared to the Antarctic seasonal cycle.

  13. Anomalous Variability in Antarctic Sea Ice Extents During the 1960s With the Use of Nimbus Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallaher, David W.; Campbell, G. Garrett; Meier, Walter N.

    2013-01-01

    The Nimbus I, II, and III satellites provide a new opportunity for climate studies in the 1960s. The rescue of the visible and infrared imager data resulted in the utilization of the early Nimbus data to determine sea ice extent. A qualitative analysis of the early NASA Nimbus missions has revealed Antarctic sea ice extents that are significant larger and smaller than the historic 1979-2012 passive microwave record. The September 1964 ice mean area is 19.7x10(exp 6) sq. km +/- 0.3x10(exp 6) sq. km. This is more the 250,000 sq. km greater than the 19.44x10(exp 6) sq. km seen in the new 2012 historic maximum. However, in August 1966 the maximum sea ice extent fell to 15.9x10(exp 6) sq. km +/- 0.3x10(exp 6) sq. km. This is more than 1.5x10(exp 6) sq. km below the passive microwave record of 17.5x10(exp 6) sq. km set in September of 1986. This variation between 1964 and 1966 represents a change of maximum sea ice of over 3x10(exp 6) sq. km in just two years. These inter-annual variations while large, are small when compared to the Antarctic seasonal cycle.

  14. Unintended consequences: two critical events from the 1960s and '70s and their legacy for nursing in Ontario.

    PubMed

    MacMillan, Kathleen; Mallette, Claire

    2004-03-01

    In the late 1960s and early '70s, two key events occurred in Ontario that greatly affected the nursing profession: the unionization of the workforce and the move of diploma-granting nursing schools out of the hospitals (first to regional schools, then to the community colleges). At the same time, university nursing programs were undergoing significant changes. A paradigm shift occurred in which baccalaureate-prepared nurses were being educated for practice as well as for roles in education and administration. While all these activities had overall positive implications, there were unintended effects that continue to influence the profession today. These include the detachment of employers from clinical nursing education; fragmentation of the profession between front-line staff and the professional elites (proletarianization); rejection by front-line practitioners and college educators of nursing scholarship in favour of experiential and technical knowledge; and rivalry between college and university educators that has hampered the development of effective collaborations. For this study, interviews were undertaken with three informants, and their recollections were considered in the context of documentation from the College of Nurses of Ontario (the regulatory body), the Ontario Nurses Association (the union) and the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario (the professional association). PMID:15503915

  15. Forming Modern Citizens in the 1960s: Comparative Analysis of Teaching in Natural Sciences, Physical Sciences and Physical Education throughout France

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attali, Michael; Guedj-Chauchard, Muriel; Saint-Martin, Jean; Savaton, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Reforms made to France's education system structures during the 1960s resulted in a repositioning of academic subjects within study plans. This article looks at three relatively similar subjects (physical sciences, natural sciences and physical education) and throws light on the arguments put forward to defend the purpose of each of them in the…

  16. Language, Literacy, and the Institutional Dynamics of Racism: Late-1960s Writing Instruction for "High-Risk" African American Undergraduate Students at One Predominantly White University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamos, Steve

    2008-01-01

    This essay analyzes the ways in which subtly but powerfully racist ideologies of language and literacy shaped the institutional development of one writing program for "high-risk" African American college students during the late 1960s and early 1970s. It further theorizes the value of such institutional analysis for counteracting racism within…

  17. Comparing the Understanding of the Nature of Science by Preservice Secondary Science Teachers in the Mid-1960s and the Early 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boone, William J.; Andersen, Hans O.

    1996-01-01

    Presents a study comparing the understanding of the nature of science by preservice secondary science teachers in the mid-1960s and the early 1990s. Uses the Nature of Science Scale (NOSS) to determine teachers' understanding. Concludes with an evaluation of most items for which the responses changed dramatically in those 25 years. Contains 19…

  18. The Elusive Access to Education for Muslim Women in Kenya from the Late Nineteenth Century to the "Winds of Change" in Africa (1890s to 1960s)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keshavjee, Rashida

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the denial of access to education to Ismaili Muslim women in colonial Kenya during the 1890s and the 1960s. The Ismailis were part of the "Asians" in Africa, a working class, religious, Muslim immigrant group from India, circumscribed by poverty and a traditional culture, the orthodox elements of which, with regard to their…

  19. Resisting Official Knowledge: The Incorporation and Abjection of Race and Poverty in High School American History Textbooks, 1960s-2000s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearl, Benjamin Kelsey

    2014-01-01

    Through an interpretive analysis of how high school American history textbooks depict the urban-riots of the late-1960s, in this article the author discusses how textbooks incorporate and abject official knowledge related to the intersections of race and poverty. Incorporation is related with Raymond Williams' theory of the selective tradition and…

  20. Multitemporal glacier inventory of the French Alps from the late 1960s to the late 2000s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gardent, Marie; Rabatel, Antoine; Dedieu, Jean-Pierre; Deline, Philip

    2014-09-01

    The most recent and complete French glacier inventory was previously the Vivian database, dating from the end of the 1960s but incorporated in the World Glacier Inventory database at the end of the 1990s. Because of the important changes in glacier extent over recent decades an update of the inventory of glaciers of the French Alps was made in a digital vector format (with the associated database) for several dates covering the last 40 years. Such a multitemporal glacier inventory matches a key demand of the Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers and the Global Land Ice Measurements from Space initiative (GLIMS). Topographical maps, aerial photographs and satellite images were used to map the extent of glaciers using both manual and automatic methods; and the database was generated considering the design of the GLIMS database. Glaciers in the French Alps covered 369 km2 in 1967/71, 340 km2 in 1985/86, 300 km2 in 2003, and 275 km2 in 2006/09. This represents a decrease in surface area of about 25% over the entire study period. Acceleration in glacier shrinkage during the study period was revealed, probably linked to the increase in average air temperature in the 20th century, which has been particularly pronounced since the 1970s. The behaviour of glaciers of the French Alps is in agreement with that of glaciers observed by other studies across the European Alps. We also report the distribution of the morpho-topographic variables (aspect, elevation, etc.) of glaciers of the French Alps for the period 2006/09, and analyse changes of these variables in the last four decades.

  1. a Novel Method for Estimation of Glacier Surface Motion in 1960s from Argon KH-5 Optical Imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, R.; Ye, W.; Kong, F.; Qiao, G.; Tong, X.; Ma, X.; Guo, S.; Wang, Z.

    2016-06-01

    The Antarctic ice sheet response to the global climate change, specifically the ice flow speed change of the glaciers, has been investigated by many researchers. However, most research results cover the period since 1970s or after the operation of the LANDSAT series. The availability of the film-based ARGON KH-5 data makes it possible to quantify the changes of the Antarctic ice sheet in 1960s. To meet the challenges of processing the low quality film-based ARGON images, a novel method was developed to allow estimating the ice sheet surface motion and reconstructing the surface model simultaneously from ARGON stereo images by decomposing the total parallaxes to terrain and motion based components. A photogrammetric approach was developed to distinguish stable ice surface features from those on motion and use them for recovering the camera orientation information. Several existing Antarctic mapping products were used to establish the ground control. The ice flow speed field is reconstructed using a hierarchical image matching strategy. Firstly, epipolar images are generated via a fundamental matrix derived from correspondences used in the geometric modelling process, and then an image pyramid is built. Second, the normalized cross-correlation (NCC) technique is conducted on each layer of the pyramid to match the extracted features. Since the images were taken at different times, during which the glacier motion occurred, the measured total parallaxes are decomposed to terrain and motion parallaxes according to given ice flow directions which are derived from the iteratively produced DTM or images. Finally, a speed map and a DTM can be generated at each level of the image pyramid. This process repeats itself. At the bottom of the pyramid the final speed map and DTM are produced at a resolution of about 60m and represent the ice flow field of 1963. This approach was tested using two ARGON stereo-pairs in Rayner glacier in East Antarctica. Both the ice flow speed map

  2. Civil Rights Milestones Offer Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malveaux, Julianne

    2004-01-01

    The landmark legal decision, Brown v. Board of Education, was rendered on May 17, 1954. Fifty years later, campuses and communities are commemorating the decision and its impact on contemporary life. The Harvard legal scholar, Charles Ogletree, has published a riveting book of his reflections, a government commission is staging a variety of…

  3. Civil Rights Litigation after "Monell."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnapper, Eric

    1979-01-01

    Identifies and attempts to resolve the issues that remain for judicial resolution after "Monell" and that could be used to nullify the decision and preclude the awards of monetary relief against government bodies. Available from Columbia Law Review, 435 West 116th Street, New York, N.Y. 10027; SC $4.00. (Author/IRT)

  4. Vanadium in ambient air: concentrations in lung tissue from autopsies of Mexico City residents in the 1960s and 1990s.

    PubMed

    Fortoul, Teresa Imelda; Quan-Torres, Alma; Sánchez, Ivonne; López, Irma Elena; Bizarro, Patricia; Mendoza, Maria Luisa; Osorio, Liliana Saldivar; Espejel-Maya, Guadalupe; Avila-Casado, Maria del Carmen; Avila-Costa, Maria Rosa; Colin-Barenque, Laura; Villanueva, Daniel Navarro; Olaiz-Fernandez, Gustavo

    2002-01-01

    Vanadium concentrations in lung tissue were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry from autopsy specimens taken from residents of Mexico City during the 1960s and 1990s (20 males and 19 females, and 30 males and 18 females, respectively). Samples from the 1990s had significantly increased mean vanadium concentrations (mean +/- standard deviation: 1.36 +/- 0.08), compared with those from the 1960s (1.04 +/- 0.05). Concentrations were not correlated with gender, smoking habit, age, cause of death, or occupation. These findings suggest that vanadium in ambient air is increasing and it represents a potential health hazard for Mexico City residents. Air pollution monitoring efforts should include vanadium concentrations in suspended particles to follow-up the findings reported herein. Researchers need to acquire a better knowledge of the levels of airborne vanadium exposure at which risk to human health occurs. PMID:12641188

  5. "Sowing death in our women's wombs": modernization and indigenous nationalism in the 1960s Peace Corps and Jorge Sanjinés' "Yawar Mallku".

    PubMed

    Geidel, Molly

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the centrality of gender and sexual politics to both 1960s modernization discourses and anti-imperialist cultural nationalist ideologies through an analysis of Jorge Sanjinés' 1969 radical neorealist film Yawar Mallku, the text that led to the Peace Corps' expulsion from Bolivia. After outlining the development discourse that explicitly guided both the Peace Corps and the Revolutionary Nationalist (MNR) government of Bolivia and exploring the relationship of this discourse to the Bolivian radical and indigenous movements of the late 1960s, this paper reads Yawar Mallku in the context of these movements to arrive at an understanding how cultural nationalism in Bolivia became directed towards the developmentalist ideal of a masculine utopia whose construction would entail controlling women's bodies. Finally, the paper attempts to understand how indigenous women in Bolivia have articulated radical political visions within and in response to U.S. modernizing forces and indigenous cultural nationalism. PMID:20857586

  6. "Pregnancy and labour cause more deaths than oral contraceptives": The debate on the pill in the Spanish press in the 1960s and 1970s.

    PubMed

    Ortiz-Gómez, Teresa; Ignaciuk, Agata

    2015-08-01

    From 1941 to 1978, Franco's regime in Spain banned all contraceptive methods. The pill started circulating in Spain from the 1960s, officially as a drug used in gynaecological therapy. However, in the following decade it was also increasingly used and prescribed as a contraceptive. This paper analyses debates about the contraceptive pill in the Spanish daily newspaper ABC and in two magazines, Blanco y Negro and Triunfo, in the 1960s and 1970s. It concludes that the debate on this contraceptive method was much more heterogeneous than might be expected given the Catholic-conservative character of the dictatorship. The daily press focused on the adverse effects of the drug and magazines concentrated on the ethical and religious aspects of the pill and discussed it in a generally positive light. Male doctors and Catholic authors dominated the debate. PMID:24259515

  7. Swedish Religious Education at the End of the 1960s: Classroom Observations, Early Video Ethnography and the National Curriculum of 1962

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flensner, K. Kittelmann; Larsson, G.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to present a unique corpus of film-recorded classroom observations of sixth-grade classes (age 12-13) in the Swedish cities of Gothenburg, Partille and Trollhättan in the late 1960s. The material documents how RE could be taught in Swedish schools in line with the curriculum of Lgr 62 which internationally was an early…

  8. 75 FR 39184 - Privacy Act of 1974: Implementation of Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security/ALL-029 Civil...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    .../Civil Rights and Civil Liberties--001 Matters System of Records (69 FR 70464, December 6, 2004) and... Exemptions; Department of Homeland Security/ALL--029 Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Records System of... Privacy Act of 1974 for the Department of Homeland Security/ALL--029 Civil Rights and Civil...

  9. Civil defense: a deterrent to nuclear war. Student essay

    SciTech Connect

    Atkins, G.C.

    1982-04-19

    Nuclear war has been feared by the entire world since the end of World War II. Since the early 1960s, the Soviet Union has been continually improving both its capability to wage nuclear war and, more important, to protect its population. Population protection or civil defense is the principal issue discussed, with emphasis on Soviet accomplishments and fluctuation of US policy. This issue is discussed from the viewpoint of many noted authors. The conclusion reached indicates that there can be deterrence to nuclear war through civil protection. This conclusion is reinforced with the efforts of the Soviets and the gains made by the US over the past three years.

  10. Righting wrongs and reforming rights.

    PubMed

    Ivey, Laurie C

    2014-03-01

    Discusses issues faced by LGBT people, such as a lack of equal civil rights and the need for extra legal and financial protection for families because partners cannot be married. The author notes that, in our society, it is no longer acceptable to be racist, but it is still okay to be homophobic. The many campaigns against gay marriage and efforts in the legislature to prevent change toward equal civil rights and protections are prime examples. In our current political climate, two things are very clear: (a) homophobia is freely tolerated and (b) the times are changing as we inch closer to equal rights every day. We are "righting wrongs and reforming rights." PMID:24684150

  11. [Psychiatric evaluation in civil law].

    PubMed

    Foerster, K

    1992-03-01

    Aspects of civil law of importance for the psychiatrist as expert witness are those dealing with disability pensions accident insurance, compensation in civil law and rights of the seriously disabled. The legal basis of each is briefly outlined, and some guidelines given for psychiatric court reports. Some outstanding theoretical and practical problems are mentioned. PMID:1579170

  12. "Their days are spent in gambling and loafing, pimping for prostitutes, and picking pockets": male juvenile delinquents on Lagos Island, 1920s - 1960s.

    PubMed

    Heap, Simon

    2010-01-01

    In recent times, Lagos Island has been hit by a cyclical crescendo of juvenile crime perpetrated by "Area Boys," jobless youths who deal in robbery, extortion, and blackmail. Such deviant behavior has historical roots back to colonial times, when youths labeled "alkali boys," "boma boys," and "cowboys" roamed the heart of the capital of Britain's colony of Nigeria between the 1920s and 1960s. Examining the various types of juvenile delinquents on Lagos Island, this article explores the urban experience of criminally minded youths through exploration of street-life, vagrancy, criminality, and public reactions. PMID:20099405

  13. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  14. 43 CFR 3163.2 - Civil penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Civil penalties. 3163.2 Section 3163.2..., Assessments, and Penalties § 3163.2 Civil penalties. (a) Whenever an operating rights owner or operator, as... for a civil penalty of up to $500 per violation for each day such violation continues, dating from...

  15. 34 CFR 303.424 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil action. 303.424 Section 303.424 Education... Civil action. Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision regarding an administrative complaint has the right to bring a civil action in State or Federal court under section 639(a)(1) of the...

  16. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  17. 43 CFR 3163.2 - Civil penalties.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Civil penalties. 3163.2 Section 3163.2..., Assessments, and Penalties § 3163.2 Civil penalties. (a) Whenever an operating rights owner or operator, as... for a civil penalty of up to $500 per violation for each day such violation continues, dating from...

  18. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  19. 34 CFR 300.516 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Civil action. 300.516 Section 300.516 Education... DISABILITIES Procedural Safeguards Due Process Procedures for Parents and Children § 300.516 Civil action. (a... aggrieved by the findings and decision under § 300.514(b), has the right to bring a civil action...

  20. 34 CFR 303.438 - Civil action.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Civil action. 303.438 Section 303.438 Education... Section 639 of the Act § 303.438 Civil action. Any party aggrieved by the findings and decision issued pursuant to a due process complaint has the right to bring a civil action in State or Federal court...