Science.gov

Sample records for 1990s college enrollment

  1. Community College Enrollment Projections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Aikin

    In this discussion of enrollment forecasting for community colleges, a new point of view is expressed. Traditional theory characterizes enrollment as a function of history. The historical approach used such methodologies as: (1) cohort, or percentage of survival, (2) curve-fitting, (3) ratio-method, and (4) correlation-analysis. However, the new…

  2. The Effect of Local Labor Market Conditions in the 1990s on the Likelihood of Community College Students' Persistence and Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kienzl, Gregory S.; Alfonso, Mariana; Melguizo, Tatiana

    2007-01-01

    This study analyzes the influence of local labor market conditions on the year-to-year persistence and attainment decisions of a sample of traditional-aged students who attended community colleges during the 1990s. The findings suggest that the enrollment and attainment decisions of these first-time community college students were not made purely…

  3. Older Adults: Community College Students of the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craig, Ford M.

    With a declining pool of youth to draw from, community colleges need to be concerned about what can be done to serve the needs of a burgeoning older adult population. Recent research on the educational needs of older adults reveals that they are interested in: (1) information on such personal business and financial topics as social security…

  4. College Choice+Enrollment Management = Enrollment Choice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Amelia

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the interaction between students and institutions as they move toward decisions related to college attendance. Enrollment managers will find this information useful as they work within their institution to develop and revise long-term recruiting strategies that benefit both the institution and future students. Typically,…

  5. Minimum Wages and School Enrollment of Teenagers: A Look at the 1990's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaplin, Duncan D.; Turner, Mark D.; Pape, Andreas, D.

    2003-01-01

    Estimates the effects of higher minimum wages on school enrollment using the Common Core of Data. Controlling for local labor market conditions and state and year fixed effects, finds some evidence that higher minimum wages reduce teen school enrollment in states where students drop out before age 18. (23 references) (Author/PKP)

  6. Enrollment Trends at Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities, Fall 1990 to Fall 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This document provides enrollment trend information for public four-year colleges and universities for the period fall 1990 through fall 1996. Several trends are highlighted: (1) during the 1990s, American Indian, Asian, and Hispanic enrollment increased by more than 30 percent and African American enrollment by 17 percent; white non-Hispanic…

  7. A Challenge of Chance: Public, Four-Year Higher Education Enrollment Lessons from the 1980s for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This book offers essays on the response of public four-year colleges to the enrollment trends and challenges of the 1980s, particularly the challenges of providing service in light of the unexpected demand for higher education in that decade. The issues and lessons of the experience of the 1980s are covered in 10 chapters by higher education…

  8. Soft Factors Influence College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fogg, Neeta P.; Harrington, Paul E.

    2010-01-01

    Evidence about the role that "soft factors" like student engagement and school environment play in influencing whether high school students go on to enroll in college is hard to come by. Over the past two years, the Center for Labor Market Studies (CLMS) of Northeastern University, with support from the Nellie Mae Education Foundation and the…

  9. Kentucky College and University Enrollments. Fall 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky Center for Education Statistics, Frankfort.

    Fall 1977 enrollment data from the Kentucky state-supported and independent colleges and universities, seminaries, proprietary business colleges and Eagle University are presented. Total enrollment in the state and independent colleges and universities was 126,162. Of this total, 108,546 students were enrolled in the state universities and…

  10. Dual Enrollment Programs: UCLA Community College Bibliography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2004

    2004-01-01

    Dual enrollment programs allow high school students to enroll in community college courses while still attending high school. These programs are appealing to students since they can earn high school and college credits simultaneously and become accustomed to college-level coursework. The structure of dual enrollment programs varies by state and…

  11. Grouping Colleges by Changes in Enrollment Volume.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hom, Willard

    This document discusses the effort to find groupings for the enrollment change in California's community colleges. The new groupings can be utilized by community college strategic planners to improve programs and services based on exploring and analyzing various enrollment shifts. The information can also be used to make enrollment projections for…

  12. Enrollment Trends in Community Colleges. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Hans A.

    This digest identifies three major enrollment trends presently affecting community colleges. The three types of students--dual credit, reverse transfer, and job retraining--are likely to continue to increase in number in the near future. Dual-credit, in which secondary school students enroll in courses that receive both high school and college…

  13. Developing Student Potential in the 1990's. A Strategic Plan for Centralia College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centralia Coll., WA.

    This strategic planning report was prepared by Centralia College (CC) in order to assess the college's internal and external environment, identify problems, and prescribe recommendations. Material for the report was compiled by eight committees/task forces concerned with: (1) strategic planning; (2) institutional mission, philosophy, and goals;…

  14. An Exploration of Noncredit Community College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    D'Amico, Mark M.; Morgan, Grant B.; Robertson, Shun; Houchins, Carlie

    2014-01-01

    Nearly 40% of all public community college enrollment is in noncredit courses. While there have been several recent reports on the noncredit function at community colleges, little has been done in terms of large-scale studies and/or statewide analyses on this population. The purpose of this study was to explore one state's community college…

  15. Critical Issues Affecting Black Colleges and Universities in the 1980's and 1990's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillespie, Bonnie J.

    The major thesis of this paper is that black colleges and universities are fundamental parts of the overall American society, which is fraught with change, oppression, chaos, and post-industrial problems; therefore, it contends, the survival of these minority institutions depends upon their keeping pace with today's technological trends. Based on…

  16. Traditional Single-Sex Fraternities on College Campuses: Will They Survive in the 1990s?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horton, Nancy S.

    1992-01-01

    A discussion of the single-sex admission policy of college fraternities examines the potential for success of those policies in an era in which society and courts are pressing to abolish gender-based stereotypes and provide equal access to places of public accommodation. Five specific recommendations are made for fraternities wishing to preserve…

  17. Technical College Enrollments '72. Detailed Report of Nebraska Higher Education Enrollment Statistics, Fall Term 1972.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nebraska Higher Education Facilities Commission, Lincoln.

    Enrollment data for technical colleges in Nebraska for the year 1972 are provided. Following a summary that discusses the technical college system, total enrollment, enrollment by academic level, freshmen enrollment, and solutions in reporting, 12 exhibits provide the detailed data. These exhibits are: Nebraska Technical Community Colleges,…

  18. To Increase Enrollment, Community Colleges Add More Sports

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashburn, Elyse

    2007-01-01

    Since 2003, more than 40 athletics programs have joined the National Junior College Athletic Association (NJCAA) ranks. Membership now represents about 500 colleges, and Wayne Baker, the group's executive director, expects to keep adding colleges. Membership in the association began declining slightly in the early 1990s, as private two-year…

  19. The ACT of Enrollment: The College Enrollment Effects of State-Required College Entrance Exam Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klasik, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Since 2001 Colorado, Illinois, and Maine have all enacted policies that require high school juniors to take college entrance exams--the SAT or the ACT. One goal of these policies was to increase college enrollment based on the belief that requiring students to take these exams would make students more likely to consider college as a viable option.…

  20. Cohort Crowding and Nonresident College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winters, John V.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses a fixed effects panel data framework to examine the effects of cohort crowding and other variables on nonresident enrollment at four-year public colleges and universities. The results suggest that larger cohorts of resident students crowd out nonresident students at flagship universities, but there is inconsistent evidence of crowd…

  1. Dual Enrollment Credit and College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganzert, Bart

    2014-01-01

    This causal-comparative study researched the effects of dual enrollment and Huskins Bill course experience on traditional-age North Carolina community college students. The study examined course effects on academic success and graduation rate using quantitative statistical measures including parametric and nonparametric means comparisons. The…

  2. Concurrent High School-College Enrollments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Voorheis, Greg P.

    1979-01-01

    An innovative program that allows advanced high school seniors to take college courses is described. Definitions of early admissions, early decision, and concurrent enrollment are provided. Major issues and questions that should be considered, and aspects of the system that should be evaluated, are listed. (MLW)

  3. Selected Financial and Enrollment Data: Maryland Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Board for Community Colleges, Annapolis.

    The data provided in this report offer information about the enrollment and financing of community colleges in Maryland. Section I reviews enrollments in postsecondary education between 1955 and 1981, percentages of residents enrolled in colleges by city or county, birth rates between 1960 and 1980, and actual and projected figures for high school…

  4. Selected Financial and Enrollment Data: Maryland Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henard, Kay F.; Adelman, Stanley I.

    The historical and descriptive data provided in this report offer an overview of enrollments and finances in the community colleges of Maryland. Section 1 reviews enrollments in postsecondary education between 1955 and 1982, percentages of residents enrolled in colleges by city or county, birth rates between 1961 and 1981, and actual and projected…

  5. Community-Technical Colleges of Connecticut Fall 1993 Enrollment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut State Board of Trustees of Community-Technical Colleges, Hartford.

    Consisting primarily of tables and graphs, this document provides fall 1993 enrollment data for the 12 colleges in the Community-Technical Colleges (CTC) of Connecticut. Following a brief narrative, the following data is presented: combined fund full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment, fall 1992 and fall 1993; combined fund enrollment, fall 1989…

  6. Enrollment Trends and College Costs. AASCU Studies, 1980, Number 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stampen, Jacob

    Enrollment trends between 1965 and 1978 at state colleges and universities belonging to the American Association of State Colleges and Universities are analyzed in connection with major events that either raised or lowered the cost of attending these institutions. Headcount data, full-time and part-time enrollments, enrollment of female students,…

  7. Fall Enrollment Report, 1993. Mississippi Public Community & Junior Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mississippi State Board for Community and Junior Colleges, Jackson.

    This statistical report offers statewide and college-by-college data on headcount enrollment at Mississippi's public community and junior colleges, focusing primarily on fall 1993. The nine tables in the report cover: (1) 5-year (fall 1989-fall 1993) headcount enrollment trends by curriculum for full- and part-time students; (2) total full- and…

  8. The College Application Gauntlet: A Systematic Analysis of the Steps to Four-Year College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klasik, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Few studies have examined the steps to college enrollment between college aspiration and college enrollment and how these steps might present a barrier to four-year college enrollment. This study used data from the Education Longitudinal Study: 2002 and employed a multivariate random effects logistic framework to examine the completion of nine…

  9. Critical Components of Community College Enrollment Management Planning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bucher, Karen Hart

    2010-01-01

    Enrollment management has become a common practice at four-year institutions, but has not been extensively explored at community colleges. As students have more educational options available to them, community colleges have begun to explore ways to grow their enrollment, improve student retention and increase graduation rates. This study explored…

  10. College Choice: Understanding Student Enrollment Behavior. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulsen, Michael B.

    This digest summarizes in a question and answer format a full length report of the same title. It addresses trends in college student enrollment patterns with an emphasis on behavior underlying student choice of college. Demographic changes and cuts in important sources of student financial aid brought significant enrollment declines to higher…

  11. Dual Enrollment: The Missing Link to College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swanson, Joni

    2010-01-01

    Dual enrollment programs have sparked the interest of educational researchers and practitioners who want to determine whether offering college courses to high school students might positively affect their persistence in college or other postsecondary education. Current research suggests that participating in dual enrollment programs improves…

  12. Community College Re-Enrollment after Hurricane Katrina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Sarah R.; Rhodes, Jean E.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we explored predictors of community college re-enrollment after Hurricane Katrina among a sample of low-income women (N = 221). It was predicted that participants' pre-hurricane educational optimism would predict community college re-enrollment a year after the hurricane. The influence of various demographic and additional resources…

  13. Community College Selective Enrollment and the Challenge to Open Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, David Brian

    2012-01-01

    The open access mission is central to the community college role and mission in higher education. Although initially implemented by four-year colleges and universities, adoption of formal enrollment management initiatives in community colleges is on the increase. Admission, matriculation, retention, and persistence are affected by enrollment…

  14. What Happens to Community College Dual Enrollment Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windham, Patricia

    As a result of research indicating that the dual enrollment (DE) students at Florida's community colleges experience problems upon transferring to state universities, Pensacola Junior College (PJC) and Tallahassee Community College (TCC) conducted follow-up studies of DE students. PJC examined outcomes for students who successfully completed DE…

  15. Intensive College Counseling and the College Enrollment Choices of Low Income Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castleman, Benjamin L.; Goodman, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    While college enrollment among low-income students has increased steadily over the last decade, the share of students from the lowest-income families that enroll in college continues to lag considerably behind college entry rates among the highest income students. Furthermore, gaps in college completion by family income have only widened over…

  16. Enrollment and Retention: A Private College Consortium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Kenneth C.

    A consortium program of eight private colleges in Southern California that focuses on student retention efforts is described. Each college has a retention task force consisting of faculty, administrators, student affairs staff, and students. A steering committee with one representative from each college, generally the dean of students, coordinates…

  17. The Strategic Management of College Enrollments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossler, Don; And Others

    The book provides an examination of research and practice related to enrollment management at institutions of higher education. Part 1 describes enrollment management in the context of strategic planning and presents four organizational approaches. Part 2 focuses on marketing and student recruitment, while Part 3 considers student retention.…

  18. Cypress College Statistical Enrollment Report, Spring Semester 1995.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Carlene A.; Foster, Pattie

    Designed to assist California's Cypress College in planning, marketing, recruitment, and retention efforts, this report provides data tables on the demographics of students enrolled in the spring 1995 semester. Tables are provided for the following areas: enrollment history for spring semesters, 1984-94; registration by admission classification;…

  19. Multiple Linear Regression as a Technique for Predicting College Enrollment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clegg, Ambrose A.; And Others

    The application of multiple linear regression to the problem of identifying appropriate criterion variables and predicting enrollment in college courses during a period of major rapid decline was studied. Data were gathered on course enrollments for 1972-78 at Kent State University, and five independent variables were selected to determine the…

  20. Enrollment Management Administrators' Perceptions of Community College Student Retention Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dempsey, Merle

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was three-fold: (a) to determine the retention practices most frequently used by community colleges to retain full-time, associate degree-seeking students from their first-to-second year of enrollment as perceived by enrollment management administrators; (b) to determine the level of importance placed on these practices…

  1. Wyoming Community College System Summer 2004 Enrollment Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This publication gives detailed statistics about enrollment for the Wyoming Community College System for the summer of 2004. Statistics relating to the following are tabulated: credit headcount; credit FTE (full time enrollment); credit headcount by age; credit headcount by county; credit FTE by county; headcount by credit hours; headcount by…

  2. Wyoming Community College System Summer 2007 Enrollment Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2008

    2008-01-01

    This report includes Summer 2007 semester enrollment information for Wyoming's seven comprehensive community colleges. Selected data includes student counts by credit hours, county, full-time students (FTE), program or study, ethnicity and a ten-year history. (Contains 12 tables.) [For the Spring 2007 enrollment report, see ED502750.

  3. Challenges in the 1990s for College Foreign Language Programs. Issues in Language Program Direction: A Series of Annual Volumes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnan, Sally Seiloff, Ed.

    This collection of papers includes the following: "Style Wars: Teacher-Student Style Conflicts in the Language Classroom" (Rebecca L. Oxford, Madeline E. Ehrman, and Roberta Z. Lavine); "Articulating Learning in High School and College Programs: Holistic Theory in the Foreign Language Curriculum" (Janet Swaffar); "Reconsidering the FL Requirement:…

  4. Nonresident Enrollment at Religious and Secular Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dotterweich, Douglas; Baryla, Edward A., Jr.; Rochelle, Carolyn F.

    2011-01-01

    Institutional characteristics and regional economic data are used to determine if religious private colleges have a higher percentage of nonresident students than do secular colleges. A test of means and a two-stage least squares regression are used on a data set of 827 private higher education institutions to present evidence on the differences…

  5. The Effect of Community College Enrollment on Bachelor's Degree Completion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, William R.

    2009-01-01

    Rouse [Rouse, C. E. (1995). "Democratization or diversion--the effect of community-colleges on educational-attainment." "Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 13"(2), 217-224] finds that enrollment in a community college may divert students from attaining a bachelor's degree. However, this result may be due to selection…

  6. The Effect of Community College Enrollment on Bachelor's Degree Completion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doyle, William R.

    2009-01-01

    Rouse [Rouse, C. E. (1995). "Democratization or diversion--the effect of community-colleges on educational-attainment." "Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 13"(2), 217-224] finds that enrollment in a community college may divert students from attaining a bachelor's degree. However, this result may be due to selection bias, as the…

  7. Factors Related to College Enrollment. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akerhielm, Karen; Berger, Jacqueline; Hooker, Marianne; Wise, Donald

    Using data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988, this study examined factors related to postsecondary education enrollment, focusing on the impact of early indicators and financial aid. Major findings of the report indicated the following: (1) a majority of students, 63 percent by 1994, attended some type of postsecondary…

  8. Cooperative and Concurrent Enrollment and College Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Regina

    2010-01-01

    Oklahoma has a unique system of high schools, technology centers and community colleges that work together to enable students to receive education in technical areas. Given Oklahoma's shortage of technical degree recipients, the Cooperative Alliance Program (CAP) was developed to encourage additional students to begin technical programs during…

  9. College Enrollment Patterns for Rural Indiana High School Graduates. REL 2015-083

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Matthew R.; Davis, Elisabeth; Stephan, Jennifer L.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined (1) average distances traveled to attend college, (2) presumptive college eligibility, (3) differences between two-year and four-year college enrollment, (4) differences in enrollment related to differences in colleges' selectivity, and (5) degree of "undermatching" (i.e., enrolling in a college less selective than…

  10. COMMUNITY COLLEGE RE-ENROLLMENT AFTER HURRICANE KATRINA

    PubMed Central

    LOWE, SARAH R.; RHODES, JEAN E.

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we explored predictors of community college re-enrollment after Hurricane Katrina among a sample of low-income women (N = 221). It was predicted that participants’ pre-hurricane educational optimism would predict community college re-enrollment a year after the hurricane. The influence of various demographic and additional resources (e.g., social support, childcare, hours of employment, psychological well-being) was also explored. High levels of pre- and post-hurricane educational optimism were significant predictors of re-enrollment, as were lower post-hurricane psychological distress and fewer post-hurricane hours employed. In addition, experiencing a greater number of moves since the hurricane was a marginally significant predictor of post-hurricane re-enrollment. PMID:23457425

  11. Enrollment Management in the Comprehensive Community College: A Case Study of Bronx Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritze, Nancy

    2006-01-01

    Faced with growing pressure to demonstrate student success and achieve financial stability, community colleges have increasingly turned to enrollment management. Using Bronx Community College as an example, this chapter examines the role institutional research can play in the enrollment management process.

  12. Dual Enrollment: A Strategy to Improve College-Going and College Completion among Rural Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinth, Jennifer Dounay

    2014-01-01

    Research shows that students who participate in dual enrollment are more likely than their peers to finish high school, enter college and complete a degree. This means dual enrollment can greatly benefit students in rural areas, which report lower college-going and postsecondary attainment rates than other locales. However, rural areas face unique…

  13. Delayed enrollment and College Plans: is There a Postponement Penalty?

    PubMed Central

    Niu, Sunny; Tienda, Marta

    2012-01-01

    Using a representative longitudinal survey of Texas high school seniors who graduated in 2002, we investigate how college postponement is associated with four-year college expectations and attendance—focusing both on the length of delay and the pathway to the postsecondary system. Like prior studies, we show that family background and student academic achievement explains the negative association between delay and college expectations and that these factors, along with two-year college entry pathway, largely accounted for the negative association between postponement and enrollment at a four-year institution in 2006. Although delays of one year or longer are associated with significantly lower odds of attending a baccalaureate-granting institution four years after high school, the longest delays do not incur the most severe enrollment penalties. PMID:23606758

  14. Strategic Enrollment Management (SEM) Decisions and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baldin, Antoinette M.

    2013-01-01

    With the changing landscape in enrollment options for potential community college students, community college administrators are looking for ways to forecast enrollment by using strategic enrollment management models. Today, community colleges' administration is challenged to develop, use, and implement enrollment models that support their…

  15. Coming Home: Student Veterans' Articulation of College Re-Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livingston, Wade G.; Havice, Pamela A.; Cawthon, Tony W.; Fleming, David S.

    2011-01-01

    This study described student veterans' navigation of college re-enrollment. Fifteen participants interviewed at one institution were less likely to seek academic support and more inclined to pursue social support in the form of associating with fellow veterans with whom they felt more comfortable. They downplayed or hid their veteran status from…

  16. Enrollment Data: Community Colleges--Day Division. Fall Semester, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connor, T.

    This series of six tables provides fall 1981 data on enrollments in each of the 15 community colleges in Massachusetts and for the system as a whole. Table 1 presents information on the number of freshman, sophomore, and unclassified students who made requests for admission, were qualified applicants, and were notified of admission. In table 2,…

  17. An Audit on Community and Technical Colleges Enrollment Reporting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alwin, Lawrence F.

    The objective of this biennial enrollment audit is to determine that Texas' community and technical colleges are in compliance with the Coordinating Board rules and regulations, the general provisions of the General Appropriations Act, and the provisions of the Texas Education Code for the purpose of receiving state appropriations. Compliance is…

  18. Deficit Prevention: Budget Control Model for Enrollment-Dependent Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsley, Michael K.

    1994-01-01

    An ongoing system of short-term budget controls that test actual performance against budget forecasts is essential for enrollment-dependent independent colleges. The budget control model presented here is a tool to inform the management continuously of changes in the all-important tuition revenue stream. (Author/MSE)

  19. Motivators of Adult Women Enrolled in a Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnston, Connie Dianne

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study was to describe what motivates adult women enrolled in a community college to pursue higher education. Utilizing profile analysis and multiple regression analyses, this study investigated the extent to which gender, English as a first language, and age predicted the seven factors of the Education Participation Scale (A-form)…

  20. Lessons from the NFL for Managing College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucido, Jerome A.

    2013-01-01

    How colleges determine who is recruited, who merits admission, who receives student aid and of what variety, which classes are offered and when, and what kind of assistance is provided to students all comprise a complex system and an emerging field known as enrollment management. Outside of the world of higher education administration, however,…

  1. Some New Orleans Colleges Predict Bigger Enrollments This Fall

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mangan, Katherine

    2007-01-01

    After a difficult year for colleges and universities in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina, the enrollment outlook for this fall is a lot brighter. Tulane University reported last week that 1,375 high-school seniors had committed to attending, a 56-percent jump over last year's 882 new freshmen. Xavier University of Louisiana reported that it…

  2. Enrollment Projections, 2002-2011: Maryland Public Colleges and Universities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keller, Michael

    This document presents enrollment projections for the public colleges and universities in Maryland through the year 2011. These are headcount projections for each higher education institution, with breakdowns by full-and part-time undergraduates and, as applicable, full- and part-time graduate and professional students. Full-time equivalent (FTE)…

  3. Community College Enrollment, College Major, and the Gender Wage Gap.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Andrew M.; Leigh, Duane E.

    2000-01-01

    Independent cross-sections developed using National Longitudinal Survey data reveal a decrease in the gender wage gap from 1989-1994 due to fewer differences in tenure and full-time employment. Disaggregating education by two- and four-year providers and college major accounts for 8.5-11% of the narrower wage gap for the period. (SK)

  4. The Cognitive Experiences of Online Dually Enrolled High School Students in a Community College Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Sarah Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Dual-enrollment programs allow high school students to enroll in college-level classes to gain college and high school credit concurrently. Research on how online, dual-enrolled high school students (DES) construct knowledge when compared with online community college students (CCS) is needed to help administrators determine the design,…

  5. Declining Feeder High School Enrollments at Diablo Valley College, Fall 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birdsall, Les

    Analyses of enrollment figures at Diablo Valley College (DVC), in California, indicate that the number of students under 20 years of age attending has been declining. DVC's enrollments are dependent on what happens in the college's feeder areas, since the number of recent high school graduates directly affects enrollment at the college. While the…

  6. Who Goes to College? Differential Enrollment by Race and Family Background. NBER Working Paper Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Sandra E.; Sufi, Amir

    While trends in college enrollment for Blacks and Whites have been the subject of study for many years, little attention has been paid to variation in college enrollment by socioeconomic status (SES). It is well documented that, controlling for family background, Blacks are more likely to enroll in college than Whites. This relationship is…

  7. Closing College Enrollment Gaps: Whether and How High Schools Can Help

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Jennifer L.

    2010-01-01

    Nearly all high school seniors plan college, but many low-income students do not enroll. Moreover, among students who do enroll, low-income students often pursue less dependable college pathways. While research typically focuses on college cost and academic preparation as explanations of socioeconomic differences in enrollment outcomes, other…

  8. To a Higher Degree: Addressing Disparities in College Access with Concurrent Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ulate, David Delgado

    2011-01-01

    Concurrent enrollment--defined as high school students enrolling in college coursework--is increasingly being used as strategy to improve the college readiness levels of underrepresented students and to reduce disparities in college-going rates. States have developed policy and analyzed data to evaluate the practice of concurrent enrollment. This…

  9. Minority Enrollment Gains Show Region's Progress toward College Completion Goals. Fact Book Bulletin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Nationwide, from 2005 to 2010, 1.6 minority (non-white) students enrolled in college for every additional white student who enrolled. In the SREB (Southern Regional Education Board) region that meant 700,312 more minority college students and 411,915 more white college students. Increases in minority student enrollment accounted for almost…

  10. Fostering Black Student Enrollment at Community Colleges and Historically Black Colleges in the Same Service Area.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Brenda R.; Jackson, Anita

    Within the context of trends in minority student education, this paper urges community colleges and historically black colleges and universities to cooperatively encourage the enrollment, retention, graduation, and continuing education of black students. First, the paper points to such alarming trends as a sharp decline in the number of associate…

  11. High School Influences on College Enrollment and College Graduation of Dallas Independent School District 2002 Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Linda K.

    2011-01-01

    The overarching goal for American education under President Barack Obama has been to increase college enrollment and completion rates. The pressure to achieve this goal has been keenly felt in the postsecondary community, especially as federal and state funding have become increasingly tied to achieving higher college completion rates. Yet the…

  12. Promise Lost: College-Qualified Students Who Don't Enroll in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hahn, Ryan D.; Price, Derek

    2008-01-01

    Despite the increasing importance of higher education, students who are academically qualified for college still face numerous barriers to college enrollment. These barriers range from insufficient financial aid to mixed messages about academic preparation, poor understanding of admission and financial aid application processes, and limited…

  13. The Influence of Dual Enrollment on Academic Performance and College Readiness: Differences by Socioeconomic Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An, Brian P.

    2013-01-01

    I examine the influence of dual enrollment, a program that allows students to take college courses and earn college credits while in high school, on academic performance and college readiness. Advocates consider dual enrollment as a way to transition high school students into college, and they further claim that these programs benefit students…

  14. Community College Enrollment Surge: An Analysis of Estimated Fall 2009 Headcount Enrollments at Community Colleges. Policy Brief 2009-01PBL

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mullin, Christopher M.; Phillippe, Kent

    2009-01-01

    In an attempt to better understand how community colleges responded to the economic maelstrom, the American Association of Community Colleges (AACC) surveyed its member institutions to examine changes in enrollment, local factors contributing to enrollment shifts, and the lessons learned from their experiences. The authors found the following: (1)…

  15. Potholes on the Road to College: High School Effects in Shaping Urban Students' Participation in College Application, Four-Year College Enrollment, and College Match

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderick, Melissa; Coca, Vanessa; Nagaoka, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the extent to which indicators of the college-going climate of urban high schools are associated with students' application to, enrollment in, and choice among four-year colleges. The investigators examine two mechanisms by which high schools may shape college enrollment among low-income students in an urban school system:…

  16. Wyoming Community College System Annual Enrollment Report. Academic Year 2005-2006

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This report provides annualized enrollment information for the Wyoming community college system for the 2005-2006 academic year. During this year, credit headcount at Wyoming's community colleges increased by 6.1%, the largest annual enrollment increase during the last decade. The report also indicates that the difference between enrollments of…

  17. Community Colleges and Labor Market Conditions: How Does Enrollment Demand Change Relative to Local Unemployment Rates?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas W.; Orians, Erica Lee

    2013-01-01

    This study uses fixed-effects panel data techniques to estimate the elasticity of community college enrollment demand relative to local unemployment rates. The findings suggest that community college enrollment demand is counter-cyclical to changes in the labor market, as enrollments rise during periods of weak economic conditions. Using national…

  18. Do Affirmative Action Bans Lower Minority College Enrollment and Attainment?: Evidence from Statewide Bans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Backes, Ben

    2012-01-01

    Using institutional data on race-specific college enrollment and completion, I examine whether minority students were less likely to enroll in a four-year public college or receive a degree following a statewide affirmative action ban. As in previous studies, I find that black and Hispanic enrollment dropped at the top institutions; however, there…

  19. College Enrollment and Persistence in Rural Pennsylvania Schools. REL 2015-053

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Caitlin; Johnson, Jerry; Passa, Aikaterini; Uekawa, Kazuaki

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the college enrollment and persistence rates of rural high schools in Pennsylvania; the types of postsecondary institutions in which students from such schools enroll; and the student, school, and college characteristics associated with enrollment and persistence outcomes. The study used extant data from…

  20. Are Dual Enrollment Students College Ready? Evidence from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An, Brian P.; Taylor, Jason L.

    2015-01-01

    We examine whether dual enrolled students display greater levels of college readiness than nonparticipants. Advocates assert that dual enrollment improves students' college readiness, but despite these assertions, few researchers have evaluated this relationship. Moreover, researchers that do consider whether dual enrollment improves college…

  1. The Influence of Students' Pre-College Characteristics, High School Experiences, College Expectations, and Initial Enrollment Characteristics on Degree Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pike, Gary R.; Hansen, Michele J.; Childress, Janice E.

    2014-01-01

    The present research examined the extent to which pre-college characteristics, high school experiences, college expectations, and initial enrollment characteristics were related to graduation from college. Data from admission applications, the "ACT Compass" survey, and initial enrollment measures for Fall 2004 and Fall 2005 first-time…

  2. Hispanic Student Enrollment and Attainment in Texas Two-Year Colleges: A Multiyear, Statewide Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Jack; Slate, John R.; Joyner, Sheila A.

    2015-01-01

    In this investigation, we examined the numbers and percentages of Hispanic college students enrolled in Texas two-year colleges and the numbers and percentages of Hispanic students who obtained associate degrees from Texas two-year colleges for the 2000 through the 2011 academic years. Hispanic student enrollment and educational attainment…

  3. Decisions and Barriers to First-in-Family College Student Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vonk, Garrett B.

    2013-01-01

    United States Government scrutiny of enrollment practices at for-profit colleges has caused significant decreases in profitability at career colleges. The phenomenological problem explored in this study was the declining enrollment at career colleges. Systems theory and Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory formed the conceptual framework for…

  4. The Influence of Co-Enrollment on the Success of Traditional Age Community College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crisp, Gloria

    2013-01-01

    Background/Context: Student utilization of complex enrollment patterns has been identified as a significant recent development in higher education. Nearly a dozen different multi-institutional attendance patterns have been identified, including co-enrollment. Co-enrollment is simultaneous enrollment at two or more colleges or universities during…

  5. The Community & Technical Colleges of Connecticut Student Enrollment Statistics, 1991-92.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Community-Technical Coll., Hartford. Board of Trustees.

    Student enrollment data are provided for the 17 community and technical colleges (CTC) in Connecticut, focusing on academic year 1991-92. The report includes tables and graphs with information on full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment by general fund, extension fund, and combined fund; summer 1991 FTE enrollment; FTE enrollment for fall 1990 and…

  6. The Community & Technical Colleges of Connecticut Student Enrollment Statistics, 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Community-Technical Coll., Hartford. Board of Trustees.

    Student enrollment data are provided for the 17 community and technical colleges (CTC) in Connecticut, focussing on academic year 1990-91. The report includes tables and graphs with information on full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment by general fund, extension fund, and combined fund; summer 1990 FTE enrollment; FTE enrollment for fall 1989 and…

  7. Enrollment Trends at Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities, Fall 1990 to Fall 1997.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land Grant Colleges, Washington, DC.

    This report provides enrollment trend information for public four-year colleges and universities for the period fall 1990 through fall 1997. Several trends are highlighted: during this period, total enrollment fell 0.5 percent to 5.77 million students; enrollment of racial/ethnic minorities rose 24.5 percent; white enrollment fell 10.8 percent.…

  8. Latino Male Ethnic Subgroups: Patterns in College Enrollment and Degree Completion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponjuan, Luis; Palomin, Leticia; Calise, Angela

    2015-01-01

    This chapter examines Latino male ethnic subgroups and their college enrollment and degree completion patterns. The chapter also offers recommendations to improve Latino male ethnic subgroups' educational achievement.

  9. Can High Schools Reduce College Enrollment Gaps with a New Counseling Model?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Jennifer L.; Rosenbaum, James E.

    2013-01-01

    Despite planning college, disadvantaged students are less likely to enroll in college, particularly 4-year colleges. Beyond cost and academic achievement, previous research finds that a lack of college-related social resources poses barriers. However, little research investigates whether schools can help. We examine whether, how, and for whom a…

  10. "I Don't Know, I've Never Been to College!" Dual Enrollment as a College Readiness Strategy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karp, Melinda Mechur

    2012-01-01

    There is some evidence that positive academic outcomes in high school and college are related to dual enrollment participation for middle- and even low-achieving students. But the reality is that most dual enrollment programs are intended for students with at least some basic level of college academic skills, as they require students to meet entry…

  11. Some College, No Degree: A National View of Students with Some College Enrollment, but No Completion (Signature Report No. 7)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shapiro, Doug; Dundar, Afet; Yuan, Xin; Harrell, Autumn T.; Wild, Justin C.; Ziskin, Mary B.

    2014-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, more than 31 million students have enrolled in college and left without receiving a degree or certificate. Almost one-third of this population had only a minimal interaction with the higher education system, having enrolled for just a single term at a single institution. Signature Report 7 examines the "some college,…

  12. An Analysis of Economic Variables Affecting Enrollments in the South Carolina Technical College System and Virginia Community College System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rivers, Hope Epps

    2010-01-01

    The idea that high unemployment rates give rise to higher enrollments for community colleges is widely accepted (Sundberg, 1998). However, according to Betts and McFarland (1995), not much is known empirically about the role that economic factors play in determining two-year college enrollment. Only a few states have included cyclical variables in…

  13. Are All "Adolescent Econometricians" Created Equal? Racial, Class, and Gender Differences in College Enrollment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beattie, Irenee R.

    2002-01-01

    Examines whether economic conditions similarly influence the college enrollment of adolescents from different groups. Indicates effects of income returns varies systematically by race, class, gender, and cognitive skills. Argues that college enrollment of white males from lower socioeconomic origins with lower cognitive skills is most consistent…

  14. Interinstitutional Collaboration Practices between Virginia Community Colleges and High Schools Involved in Dual Enrollment Articulation Agreements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caradona, Sally Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to build on the previous work of articulation practices of Virginia's public school divisions and community colleges participating in dual enrollment partnerships, and to understand the role of the community college in initiating, developing, and implementing dual enrollment programs. The primary focus involved…

  15. Wyoming Community College System Annual Enrollment Report. Academic Year 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyoming Community College Commission, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report provides an annual look at the summer 2009, fall 2009 and spring 2010 terms' enrollment in categories such as enrollment status, location and demographics of the community college student population. The content and format of this report have been developed through a collaborative effort between the Wyoming Community College Commission…

  16. Intensity and Attachment: How the Chaotic Enrollment Patterns of Community College Students Relate to Educational Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosta, Peter M.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the relationship between community college enrollment patterns and student outcomes--credential completion and transfer to a 4-year institution--introducing a new way of visualizing the various attendance patterns of community college students. Patterns of enrollment intensity (full- or part-time status) and continuity…

  17. The Assumed Benefits and Hidden Costs of Adult Learners' College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Kyung-Nyun; Baker, Rose M.

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the effects of adults' enrollment in and graduation from a two-year college on their hourly wages and occupational status in U.S. by employing a growth curve model and a piecewise model. College enrollment reduced hourly wages and occupational status by 13.8% and 2.74 points, respectively. Less-educated workers whose wages…

  18. Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges Enrollment and Staffing Report, Fall 2013

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The "Fall Enrollment and Staffing Report 2013" provides a snapshot of enrollments in community and technical colleges during fall quarter 2013. The report addresses the questions most commonly raised regarding the community and technical colleges in Washington. The primary source of information for this document is the State Board for…

  19. Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges Enrollment and Staffing Report, Fall 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The "Fall Enrollment and Staffing Report 2014" provides a snapshot of enrollments in community and technical colleges during fall quarter 2014. The report addresses the questions most commonly raised regarding the community and technical colleges in Washington. The primary source of information for this document is the State Board for…

  20. Black College Undergraduates, Enrollment, and Earned Degrees: Parity or Under Representation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Frank; Stent, Madelon D.

    1975-01-01

    In order to show how successful (or unsuccessful) blacks have been in gaining entrance into American colleges and universities, data on black college enrollment and earned degrees were compiled: the primary enrollment data source was a survey conducted by the Office for Civil Rights and the U.S. Office of Education. (Author/JM)

  1. Dual Enrollment Options: Columbus State Community College Model for Successful Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Tammi C.

    2001-01-01

    Describes Ohio's Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO) program's dual enrollment program. Outlines the options under which students can attend college classes, the rules, and the structure of the program. Details the PSEO process at Columbus State Community College (Ohio), including procedures for admission, counselor meetings, and course…

  2. Student Enrollments and Completions in the Illinois Community College System, Fiscal Year 2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    This document details the recorded student data from the 48 institutions in the Illinois Community College System. Student data is collected twice during the fiscal year by the colleges--fall opening enrollments and end-of-fiscal-year annual student enrollment and completion figures. Report highlights include: (1) In 2001, Illinois community…

  3. Degree Completion and Acceleration Rates of Iowa Community Colleges' Concurrent Enrollment Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McComas, Marlene A.

    2010-01-01

    The appeal of concurrent enrollment programs is widespread in Iowa and throughout the United States. The fifteen Community Colleges in Iowa provide extensive opportunities for high school students to enroll in and successfully complete college credit courses while in high school. Accountability in all educational programs is increasing, concurrent…

  4. Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rholdon, Christopher M.

    2012-01-01

    The study problem was the lack of available information regarding leadership in enrollment management at community colleges. As legislators continue to increase tuition in Louisiana to offset holes in the state budget, leaders in enrollment management at community colleges are being heavily relied upon to successfully recruit and retain students…

  5. Long-Range Statewide Enrollment and WSCH Forecast, California Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McIntyre, Chuck; Chan, Chuen-Rong

    This report summarizes the most recent (December 1998) long-range statewide forecast of fall enrollment and average annual weekly student contact hours (WSCH) in California Community Colleges. The annual fall survey of college registrars shows that fall 1998 enrollment is up 1.8 percent over fall 1997. The office forecasting model projects an…

  6. Florida's Dual Enrollment Initiative: How State Policy Influences Community Colleges' Service to Underrepresented Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Erika; Carroll, Charles E.

    2006-01-01

    This chapter presents an overview of Florida's Accelerated Mechanism Program, identifies challenges that resulted from shifting intentions behind dual enrollment policies, and shows how evolving state policy has influenced the strategies used by one college to successfully enroll underserved students and support their transition to college.

  7. Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, this report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic characteristics for the Virginia public high school class of 2008. College enrollment is an issue of national concern. And many states, including Virginia, use…

  8. Economic Diversity among Selective Colleges: Measuring the Enrollment Impact of "No-Loan" Programs. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Nicholas

    2012-01-01

    Students from low-income families are underrepresented in higher education, despite the fact that many of them are well qualified to enroll. When low-income students do enroll in college, they tend to be overrepresented in public community colleges and for-profit institutions, or if they attend four-year institutions, tend to attend regional state…

  9. State of Washington. State Board for Community and Technical Colleges. Enrollment and Staffing Report: Fall 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community and Technical Colleges, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Fall Enrollment and Staffing Report 2005 provides a snapshot of enrollments in community and technical colleges during fall quarter 2005. In addition to analysis of the system as a whole, this report includes an extensive set of tables by college starting on page 57. The report addresses the questions most commonly raised regarding the…

  10. Does Dual Enrollment Increase Students' Success in College? Evidence from a Quasi-Experimental Analysis of Dual Enrollment in New York City

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Drew; Dadgar, Mina

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses new evidence on the effectiveness of dual enrollment in increasing college achievement in New York City (NYC). After reviewing existing research on the effectiveness of dual enrollment programs, the authors discuss the results of a recent evaluation of College Now, the dual enrollment program of The City University of New…

  11. Higher Education Enrollments: Community Colleges, Fall, 1976. Report No. 77-11A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Denis; Johnson, Jackie

    This report reviews statewide trends in Washington community college enrollments from fall 1971 through fall 1976. The growth of total academic and occupational full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment over this period was 26.4%, with the only decline occurring in 1976. FTE enrollment declined 6.2% from 1975, from 88,538 to 83,028, and headcount…

  12. California Community College Students: A Brief Profile of Those Enrolled, Particularly in Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    California community colleges enroll nearly 1.3 million students in regular instruction (excluding community services). This represents 11% of all higher education enrollments in the nation, or one out of every eight California adults. Using 1975-76 enrollment statistics, these students are characterized as 49% female, 36.2% married or formerly…

  13. Washington Community Colleges Factbook. Addendum A: Student Enrollments, Academic Year 1977-78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meier, Terre; Story, Sherie

    In order to reveal trends in community college enrollments in Washington, student demographic and enrollment data for academic year 1977-78 were compiled and compared with figures for previous years. The report provides annualized averages for full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollments for the system for the years 1967 to 1977, and for FTE students by…

  14. Higher Education Enrollments: Community Colleges, Fall 1977. Report No. 78-3A.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curry, Denis; Johnson, Jackie

    This report reviews trends in Washington State community college system enrollments from fall 1973 through fall 1977. The first section presents changes in total enrollments by full-time equivalent (FTE) students and by headcount in academic, occupational, and community service areas. The second section deals with enrollment changes for the years…

  15. Washington Community College Factbook Addendum A: Student Enrollments, Academic Year 1978-79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meier, Terre

    In order to reveal trends in community college enrollments in Washington, student demographic and enrollment data for academic year 1978-79 were compiled and compared with figures for previous years. The study report provides annualized averages for full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollments for the years 1968-69 to 1978-79 and quarterly and…

  16. Connecticut Community-Technical Colleges Student Enrollment Statistics, 1994-95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Dennis

    Data on student enrollments in the 12 regional community-technical colleges in Connecticut are provided for fall 1994-95. Following an executive summary, student data by institution are presented showing full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollments by fund category, full-/part-time status, age distributions, gender, ethnicity, and program enrollments.…

  17. College and University Racial/Ethnic Distribution of Enrollment, New York State, Fall 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Information Center on Education.

    Data summaries are provided concerning the racial and ethnic distribution of enrollment in New York colleges and universities, drawn from a 1986-87 Higher Education Data System Survey form. Data are presented in 9 tables that provide total enrollment and percentage enrollment figures for undergraduate, first-professional, and graduate male and…

  18. Fall 2008 College and University Enrollment in Connecticut: Comprehensive Report. Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Department of Higher Education (NJ1), 2009

    2009-01-01

    Enrollment at Connecticut's 46 colleges and universities reached yet another record of 184,544 in fall 2008. This report presents general trends in headcount enrollment; analyzes full-time equivalent (FTE) enrollment; and provides demographic details on residence, race, freshmen, migration of recent high school graduates, gender and age. (Contains…

  19. The Simulation of College Enrollments: A Description of a Higher Education Enrollment Forecasting Model. New York State 1978-1994.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of Postsecondary Research, Information Systems, and Institutional Aid.

    A highly technical report describes higher education forecasting procedures used by the State Education Department of New York at Albany to project simulated college enrollments for New York State from 1978-1994. Basic components of the projections--generated for full- and part-time undergraduates, full- and part-time graduates, and…

  20. Strategies for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaffee, Ellen Earle

    1990-01-01

    Eight strategies are recommended to higher education in the 1990s including committing to improving quality; stressing customer service; increasing use of data and analysis in management; developing data on outcomes issues, processes, and behaviors; and working cooperatively with elementary and secondary education. (MLW)

  1. College and University Facilities Survey. Part 5: Enrollment and Facilities of New Colleges and Universities Opening Between 1961 and 1965.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Leslie F.; Bokelman, W. Robert

    Facilities data for 181 colleges opened between 1961 and 1965 are summarized. Data from the survey suggests the institutional characteristics, type and purpose of the new colleges, and the trends in enrollment distribution. The facilities of the new colleges are tabulated according to new construction and rehabilitation costs by categories of…

  2. The Chair's Role in College Enrollment Management: Matriculation of Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Gordon L.

    If educational institutions are to experience continued growth in times of declining enrollments, they must develop an organizational concept of enrollment management which incorporates all institutional areas in its activities. At the base of an effective enrollment management system is institutional research, which should focus on market…

  3. Foreign Enrollment Rises Slightly at Colleges in the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Desruisseaux, Paul

    1997-01-01

    The 457,984 foreign students enrolled in the United States in 1996-97 represented a record high but only a modest increase in growth rate. Educators concerned about increased competition from Britain, Australia, and other countries fear limits on U.S. enrollments. Data on foreign student characteristics and enrollments by state, institutions with…

  4. Fall College Enrollments by Racial/Ethnic Category, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehr, Terry

    Statistical data and trends relating to the enrollment of minorities in higher education in Pennsylvania for the fall 1980 term are examined. There were 49,060 minority students enrolled in 1980 compared to 45,083 minority students in 1978. Minority students comprise 9.6 percent of the total enrollment, and 81.5 percent of all minorities are…

  5. Enrollment Challenges and "Best Practices" of Selected Two-Year College's Electronic and Manufacturing Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Gwendolyn; Hall, Robert A.

    2007-01-01

    The primary purpose of the study was to identify successful electronic and manufacturing engineering programs at two-year colleges that Northeast Community College (a pseudonym) programs can be benched marked against. The project examined two-year college programs for increased enrollment and the number of graduates for the academic years 2000 to…

  6. Administrators' Perceptions of the Enrollment Management Practices at the Comprehensive Public Associate's Colleges in Alabama

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abston, Byron O.

    2010-01-01

    Enrollment management is a major component within the organizational structure of most four-year universities today. However, this is not necessarily the case with community colleges. With the continual decrease in public funding and increased competition with private colleges and universities, public community colleges are now being forced to…

  7. The Growth of International Student Enrollment at Community Colleges and Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anayah, Bernadette; Kuk, Linda

    2015-01-01

    An emerging trend today is the increased enrollment of international students at community colleges. International students look to American community colleges as a steppingstone to achieving an education that might otherwise be beyond their reach. They are attracted to the community college by the lower tuition costs, opportunities for guaranteed…

  8. A Descriptive Look at College Enrollment and Degree Completion of Baltimore City Graduates. Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durham, Rachel E.; Westlund, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Earning a college degree improves a person's life outcomes in employment, income, health, and quality of life. Thus, it is important to track Baltimore City Schools graduates success in attending and completing college. In this study, the authors sought to summarize college enrollment and completion trends over the past several years. These data…

  9. Young Adults' Fertility Expectations and Events: Associations with College Enrollment and Persistence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raley, R. Kelly; Kim, Yujin; Daniels, Kimberly

    2012-01-01

    The analyses described in this article investigated the association between adolescent fertility expectations and college enrollment (N = 7,838). They also explored the potential impact of fertility expectations and events on college persistence among 4-year (n = 2,605) and 2-year (n = 1,962) college students. The analysis, which used data from…

  10. Effectiveness and Student Success: Transforming Community Colleges for the 1990's. Proceedings from the Conference. (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, June 24-26, 1990).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walleri, Dan, Ed.; And Others

    The 27 papers included in this proceedings report focus on various aspects of institutional effectiveness and student outcomes. The papers are: (1) "Assessment Update: Ends, Means and Results" (Banta); (2) "The Top Ten Issues Facing America's Community Colleges" (Lorenzo and Banach); (3) "Assessing Institutional Effectiveness in Continuing…

  11. Effectiveness and Student Success: Transforming Community Colleges for the 1990's. Proceedings from the Conference (Chicago, Illinois, June 25-27, 1989).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walleri, Dan, Ed.; And Others

    The eight general session, exemplary practice, and roundtable papers contained in this conference proceedings report focus on various aspects of institutional effectiveness and student outcomes. The volume includes: (1) "Effectiveness and Student Success in Community Colleges: Practices, Realities, and Imperatives," by Peter Ewell; (2) "Rhetoric…

  12. Vocationalizing Higher Education: The Causes of Enrollment and Completion in Two-Year Colleges, 1970-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grubb, W. Norton; Jaussaud, Danielle

    An analysis is provided of patterns of community college enrollments between 1970 and 1980, with particular emphasis on variations among the states in enrollment and completion rates. Section I looks at recent trends in community colleges, focusing on enrollment, numbers of degrees conferred, vocational enrollments, curriculum changes, and the…

  13. 2013 College Choice Report--Part 2: Enrollment Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2014

    2014-01-01

    This "College Choice Report" is part of a report series that focuses on the ACT-tested high school graduating class of 2013. The focus of this year's "College Choice Report" is students' selection of a college major or program of study among the ACT-tested high school graduating class of 2013. This year's report…

  14. The Small College Enrollment Officer: Relationship Marketing at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vander Schee, Brian A.

    2010-01-01

    Prospective college students regularly read in promotional literature that the college experience is personal and unique to each individual. However, if their experience in the recruitment process proves otherwise it is difficult to convince students that they can each have a personal relationship with the institution. Small colleges can overcome…

  15. The Effects of High School Feeder Networks on College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolniak, Gregory C.; Engberg, Mark E.

    2007-01-01

    This study examines the influence of networks established among high schools and colleges. Focusing on the college choice process, the authors analyzed data from the 2006 admissions and financial aid records at eight private, four-year colleges representing nearly 18,000 students. Results show that high school feeder networks have an important…

  16. Enrollments in Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy, 1986-1987.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penna, Richard P.; Sherman, Michael S.

    1987-01-01

    National survey data on pharmaceutical education enrollment rates and trends at all degree levels include information on full- and part-time enrollments, student gender and ethnic characteristics, patterns of specialization, sources of previous degrees, student country of origin, and fellowships. (MSE)

  17. The Mixmasters: A Smart Marketing Mix Helps a Small College Dramatically Increase Student Enrollments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paul, R. Dana; Stark, Ken

    1983-01-01

    Adrian College's steady increase and confidence in enrollment projections stem from a research-based, thoughtfully planned, carefully implemented, highly controlled marketing programs. Four major elements of a successful marketing mix are identified: product, price, place, promotion. (MLW)

  18. Hudson County Community College Credit Student Enrollment Projections, 1999/00-2009/10.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oromaner, Mark

    This report presents Hudson County Community College's (New Jersey) 1999/2000-2009/2010 enrollment projections, which are based upon three scenarios/assumptions: high, moderate, and low projections. Annual enrollment data for fall headcounts, annual unduplicated headcounts, and full-time equivalent students as well as assumptions for each scenario…

  19. Community College Enrollment in the Humanities, Fall Quarter 1979 - Fall Quarter 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington State Board for Community Coll. Education, Olympia.

    Based on Fall 1979 and Fall 1980 enrollment data at 26 Washington community colleges, this four-chapter report presents a series of tables detailing enrollment and the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) faculty for 13 Humanities program areas: anthropology, art history, English as a second language, ethnic studies, foreign languages, history,…

  20. On-Campus Enrollment in Arkansas Two-Year Colleges, Fall 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrd, Mark A.

    Data are provided showing trends in enrollment and student characteristics at state-supported and independent two-year colleges in Arkansas. The report covers the following areas: fall 1983 and fall 1984 enrollment at state and independent two-year institutions; actual (1974-75 through 1983-84) and projected (1984-85 through 1999-2000) numbers of…

  1. San Bernardino Valley College Strategic Enrollment Management Plan: Recruitment and Retention, 2000-2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romero, David T., Ed.

    The San Bernardino Valley College (California) Strategic Enrollment Management (SEM) Plan was developed to specifically increase student enrollment and to improve retention over 2000-2002, and thereafter. Presents the SEM plan in two parts: recruitment and retention. The date, description, action, person responsible, date needed, date completed,…

  2. Cypress College Statistical Enrollment Report, Census Date 9/11/95.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cypress Coll., CA.

    Designed to assist California's Cypress College in planning, marketing, recruitment, and retention efforts, this report provides data tables on the demographics of students enrolled in the fall 1994 and fall 1995 semesters. Tables are provided for the following areas: enrollment history for fall and spring semesters, 1985-95; registration by…

  3. The Impact of Tuition Increases on Enrollment at Public Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hemelt, Steven W.; Marcotte, Dave E.

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we review recent increases in tuition at public institutions and estimate impacts on enrollment. We use data on all U.S. public 4-year colleges and universities from 1991 to 2006 and illustrate that tuition increased dramatically beginning in the early part of this decade. We examine impacts of such increases on total enrollment and…

  4. Community-College Enrollments Are up, but Institutions Struggle to Pay for Them

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bushong, Steven

    2009-01-01

    The downturn in the economy has coincided with enrollment increases at many community colleges. However, although enrollment at two-year institutions is up, several states have trimmed--or even chopped--appropriations for higher education. Florida, New Mexico, Rhode Island, and Tennessee have each cut financing for 2009 by at least 5 percent,…

  5. The Response of US College Enrollment to Unexpected Changes in Macroeconomic Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ewing, Kris M.; Beckert, Kim A.; Ewing, Bradley T.

    2010-01-01

    This paper estimates the extent and magnitude of US college and university enrollment responses to unanticipated changes in macroeconomic activity. In particular, we consider the relationship between enrollment, economic growth, and inflation. A time series analysis known as a vector autoregression is estimated and impulse response functions are…

  6. The Impact of Dual Enrollment on College Degree Attainment: Do Low-SES Students Benefit?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    An, Brian P.

    2013-01-01

    Dual enrollment in high school is viewed by many as one mechanism for widening college admission and completion of low-income students. However, little evidence demonstrates that these students discretely benefit from dual enrollment and whether these programs narrow attainment gaps vis-a-vis students from middle-class or affluent family…

  7. Enrollment Trends at Virginia's Public Colleges and Universities. A SCHEV Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moschos, Marina; Massa, Tod

    Every 2 years the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV) works with the 15 public four-year institutions and Richard Bland College to produce a comprehensive set of enrollment projections to advise legislators and policy makers about expected enrollments for the next 6 years. This report is the result of that study for 2003.…

  8. Concurrent and Dual Enrollment of High School Students in Arizona Community Colleges: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Puyear, Don

    This report addresses most community college students under the age of 18 who have not attained a high school diploma or G.E.D, and who are in the category of concurrent enrollment. For the purposes of this paper, 6 possible models were proposed for dual and concurrent enrollment courses: (1) the course is taught as an augmentation of a high…

  9. An Evaluation of Enrollment Management Models of the 28 Florida Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LoBasso, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which enrollment management models have been successfully implemented within the 28 Florida community colleges. The study also sought to determine when enrollment management structures began and whether expected benefits were achieved. Analysis of the data collected in this study indicated…

  10. City College of San Francisco Enrollment Trends, Fall 1991-Fall 1994. Report 956-02.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daoud, Annette M.

    A study was undertaken at the City College of San Francisco (CCSF), in California, to examine the decline in credit and noncredit enrollments from 1991-94 and determine possible reasons for the decline. Over the period, credit enrollment declined 32,406 in fall 1991 to 25,709 in fall 1994, while noncredit enrollment declined from 34,589 to 27,200.…

  11. The Montgomery College Student. A Profile of the Students Enrolled at Montgomery College during the Fall Semester of 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, William; And Others

    A profile is presented of the students enrolled during the fall 1981 semester at Montgomery College (MC). First, introductory material highlights changes occurring over the last 10 years, including a decrease in average student credit hours, an increase in the average age of college students, and an increase in the proportion of female students.…

  12. Community College Enrollment Projection Study: A National Survey of Approaches Used by State Agencies for Community/Junior Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bender, Louis W.

    As part of an effort to reassess its enrollment forecasting methodology and techniques, the Florida Division of Community Colleges conducted a national survey of state directors of community/junior colleges to identify successful forecasting practices. A conceptual framework for analyzing responses was developed from a review of the literature on…

  13. Delayed Enrollment and College Plans: Is There a Postponement Penalty?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niu, Sunny; Tienda, Marta

    2013-01-01

    Using a representative longitudinal survey of Texas high school seniors who graduated in 2002, we investigate how college postponement is associated with four-year college expectations and attendance--focusing both on the length of delay and the pathway to the postsecondary system. Like prior studies, we show that family background and student…

  14. Redesigning Dual Enrollment to Promote College Completion. SREB Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, Crystal

    2012-01-01

    Reform efforts in America's public high schools over the last decade have focused on graduating all students and ensuring they are ready for college and careers. One way policy-makers have increased the rigor of the high school curriculum and bridged the readiness gap between high school and college is through accelerated learning…

  15. Dual Enrollment in Georgia's High Schools and Technical Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lynch, Richard; Hill, Frieda

    2008-01-01

    Georgia conducted a multiphase, mixed methods study over three years (2003-2006) to determine whether credit-based transition programs facilitate college access and success for students who participate in them. The study, conducted in collaboration with, and funding from, the Technical College System of Georgia (TCSG) and with cooperation from the…

  16. The Effects of Inflation and Pricing Policies on College Enrollments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ostar, Allan W.

    Some of the effects of inflation and pricing policies on college costs are discussed, and it is shown that rising college costs have a negative effect upon student opportunity and access. Continual escalation of tuition and fees can lead to a shrinking of the higher education enterprise. Federal efforts (and state efforts to the extent that they…

  17. Enrollment Management, Institutional Resources, and the Private College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russo, Joseph A.; Coomes, Michael D.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews issues involved in shaping institutional financial aid policy, including tuition discounting, student aid packaging policy, and merit scholarships. States policymakers cannot ignore the trend towards reducing public subsidies. Suggests colleges and policymakers: (1) develop new ways to make college more affordable; (2) give families…

  18. Annual Student Enrollments and Completions in the Illinois Community College System, Fiscal Year 2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The colleges in the Illinois Community College System submit detailed credit student records twice during each fiscal year. This year's report is based on fiscal year 2005 enrollments and completions. Comparative information is supplied from four previous fiscal years (2001-2004). Detailed tables comparing fiscal year 2004 and fiscal year 2005…

  19. Annual Student Enrollments and Completions in the Illinois Community College System, Fiscal Year 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community College Board, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The colleges in the Illinois Community College System submit detailed student records twice during each fiscal year. This report is based on fiscal year 2004 enrollments and completions and comparative information is supplied from the four previous fiscal years (2000-2003) are also presented. Detailed tables comparing fiscal year 2003 and fiscal…

  20. Putting the Capital "C" in Community College: Revitalizing a Community while Increasing Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grant, Charles; Ramirez, Arnold; Langenegger, Joyce; Sydnor, Granville

    2008-01-01

    Strong partnerships and external funding allowed San Jacinto College North to engage a declining community to transform into one valuing education. A community center, training classes, and student support programs contributed to this effort. The results included doubling Hispanic college enrollment, skyrocketing high school graduation rates, and…

  1. College and Academic Self-Efficacy as Antecedents for High School Dual-Credit Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ozmun, Cliff D.

    2013-01-01

    Do high school students who are predisposed to enroll in dual-credit courses already possess high levels of motivation or college and academic self-efficacy? Students in this study reported being academically motivated, but they did not report high levels of confidence in their ability to perform certain college-associated tasks. Of 52 items…

  2. Connecticut Community-Technical Colleges Student Enrollment Statistics, 1993-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut State Board of Trustees of Community-Technical Colleges, Hartford.

    Data on student enrollments in 12 regional community and state technical colleges in Connecticut are provided for fall 1993-94. Introductory material highlights the following information about the state's community-technical colleges (CTC), which serve 51.4% of the undergraduates in Connecticut public institutions: (1) the fall 1993 CTC enrollment…

  3. The SOURCE Demonstration Project: Helping Disadvantaged High School Students Enroll in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bos, Johannes; Berman, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    The primary research question for this project was whether a streamlined, relatively inexpensive, counseling-based program that assists low-income high school students with the college and financial application processes can significantly increase college enrollment rates. The intervention was designed to test the hypothesis that lack of…

  4. Student Enrollments and Completions in the Illinois Community College System, Fiscal Year 2002.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Community Coll. Board, Springfield.

    The Illinois Community College System recorded a total of just under one million (945,661) students in credit and non-credit courses during fiscal year 2002, a decrease of 3.5% from fiscal year 2001. Credit-generating students accounted for over 71% of the overall 2002 headcount. During 2002, the 48 public community colleges enrolled 676,412…

  5. Exploring Retention from Perceptions of Nontraditional Students Enrolled in Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reed, Tara Camille

    2013-01-01

    Community colleges serve a vital role within the American education system and as the number of nontraditional students increase, further research is warranted in understanding how these particular students can be retained. Nontraditional student enrollment is highest at community colleges; however, they have the lowest rates in being retained.…

  6. Rethinking Tuition Effects on Enrollment in Public Four-Year Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shin, Jung-cheol; Milton, Sande

    2006-01-01

    This study examined the effects of tuition on enrollment in public colleges and universities. The causal model included competitors' tuition, the wage premium for possessing a college degree, financial aid, and unemployment rate as additional independent variables. The data included institution- and state-level data information over five academic…

  7. Junior College Directory, 1972. Period Covering October 1970-August 1971 and Fall Enrollment for 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connor, Aikin, Ed.; And Others

    Based upon data collected annually by the American Association of Junior Colleges (AAJC), this directory provides information on 1,111 community, junior, and technical colleges and two-year branch campuses in the United States and its territories, including 1970 and 1971 data on enrollments and personnel. Following introductory material on the…

  8. Is a Dream Deferred a Dream Denied? College Enrollment and Labor Market Search. Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Arce, Francisco

    2011-01-01

    A public college in Mexico City randomly assigns applicants into a group that can immediately enroll and a group that can only do so after one year. The author shows that the standard model of educational decisions predicts no (or minimal) effect of deferral on educational attainment. He surveyed the applicants to this college for the 2007/2008…

  9. Enrollment Projections: University of Hawaii Community Colleges, Fall 2001 to Fall 2007.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawaii Univ., Honolulu. Office of Institutional Research and Analysis.

    This report presents information on projected headcount enrollment for the University of Hawaii (UH) Community Colleges: Hawaii, Honolulu, Kapiolani, Kauai, Leeward, Maui, and Windward. The projections are organized by registration status--first-time, transfer, and continuing/returning students. Figures are also given for each community college.…

  10. Dual Enrollment Programs: Easing Transitions from High School to College. CCRC Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bailey, Thomas R.; Hughes, Katherine L.; Karp, Melinda Mechur

    This brief presents an alternative view of how students should move from secondary to postsecondary education, and reviews two approaches that attempt to link high schools and colleges: (1) the coordination of high school exit standards, college entry standards, and Tech Prep; and (2) dual enrollment. Tech Prep offers students planned career…

  11. New Directions for Dual Enrollment: Creating Stronger Pathways from High School through College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Nancy; Vargas, Joel; Santos, Janet

    2009-01-01

    Across the country, increasing numbers and more varied students are taking part in accelerated learning options that provide college-level credit during high school. These options increase the likelihood that students currently underrepresented in higher education will enroll in postsecondary education. Community colleges lead the way in making…

  12. College Completion: Comparing AP®, Dual-Enrolled, and Nonadvanced Students. Research Report 2014-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Godfrey, Kelly; Matos-Elefonte, Haifa; Ewing, Maureen; Patel, Priyank

    2014-01-01

    The study presented here is an investigation and comparison of the relationships between the Advanced Placement Program® (AP®) and dual-enrolled high school courses and college outcomes. Previous research provides evidence that participation in AP, and subsequent success on AP Exams, is positively related to various college outcomes including an…

  13. Factors and Characteristics Influencing the College Enrollment, Retention, and Graduation of Black Males

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilborn, Willie J.

    2013-01-01

    During the past decade, Black male students have been enrolling in college in growing numbers. They have also been dropping out of college, prior to graduation, in high numbers. These trends have generated concern among educators and policymakers about the economic future of the Black community. Despite these concerns, most of the research on this…

  14. 15-Year Enrollment and WSCH Forecast: California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office 1996 Forecast Using Statewide Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

    In January 1996, the Chancellor's Office of the California Community Colleges prepared a 15-year forecast of enrollment and weekly student contact hours (WSCH) using an econometric model that analyzes real (i.e., price-adjusted) costs facing students, real operating budget expenditures of colleges, population and unemployment projections, and…

  15. When Four-Year and Community Colleges Collide: Studies in Planning for Enrollment Maximization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prather, James E.; Carlson, Christina E.

    In an era of tight budgets and declining enrollments, two-year colleges are increasingly viewed as feeder schools by larger, four-year colleges and universities, and are themselves exploring the costs and benefits of cooperative arrangements. Research has isolated five general types of cooperative arrangements between two- and four-year…

  16. Retaining Underprepared Students Enrolled in Remedial Courses at the Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Kristine M.

    According to 1995 data collected by the National Center for Educational Statistics, first-year students at public community colleges were twice as likely to be enrolled in a remedial education course than their public four-year counterparts. Ninety-five percent of community colleges offer remedial instruction, yet critics of the community college…

  17. College Enrollment and Work Activity of 2006 High School Graduate. Bureau of Labor Statistics News. USDL 07-0604

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2007

    2007-01-01

    In October 2006, 65.8 percent of high school graduates from the class of 2006 were enrolled in colleges or universities, according to data released by the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. Since 2001, the college enrollment rate for recent high school graduates has been trending upward. Information on school enrollment and…

  18. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "A Model for Success: CART's Linked Learning Program Increases College Enrollment"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The study, "A Model for Success: CART's Linked Learning Program Increases College Enrollment" examined whether students who enrolled in courses at a high school that combined academics and technical education had higher college enrollment rates than students who did not. The research described in this report does not meet What Works…

  19. A Community College Roadmap for the Enrollment Management Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kerlin, Christine

    2008-01-01

    Institutions across the nation have strengthened their enrollments through such strategies and tactics as coordination of recruitment activities, enhancement of financial aid processing, implementation of effective retention strategies, development of new instructional programs, a focus on intensive marketing activities, creation of one-stop…

  20. Packet switching in 1990's

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rybczynski, A.

    The author assesses wide-area networking end-user needs as they evolve into the 1990s. He then turns to the network operator environment, both public and private, by examining service evolution trends. The author concludes with an assessment of how packet switching services and technologies are evolving to continue to match the identified market requirements, with specific emphasis on Northern Telecom's DPN Data Networking System. Key evolving DPN capabilities include the introduction of the high-end DPN100 30-kb/s switch, a variety of access options including ISDN (integrated services digital network) packet mode services, higher throughput virtual circuits, megabit trunking for improved network throughput and end-user transit delay, and SNA session switching, the latter being an example of adding value to packet networking through communication processing.

  1. Report on Enrollment in Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy, First Semester, Term or Quarter, 1973-1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodowskas, Christopher A., Jr.

    College of pharmacy enrollments in the final 3-years of the curriculum continued to increase as they reached a new high of 20,830 students. These data reflect the fall 1973 pharmacy student population in the 72 continental U.S. member colleges of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Final 3-year enrollments are reported since all…

  2. Social Interactions and College Enrollment: A Combined School Fixed Effects/Instrumental Variables Approach

    PubMed Central

    Fletcher, Jason M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides some of the first evidence of peer effects in college enrollment decisions. There are several empirical challenges in assessing the influences of peers in this context, including the endogeneity of high school, shared group-level unobservables, and identifying policy-relevant parameters of social interactions models. This paper addresses these issues by using an instrumental variables/fixed effects approach that compares students in the same school but different grade-levels who are thus exposed to different sets of classmates. In particular, plausibly exogenous variation in peers’ parents’ college expectations are used as an instrument for peers’ college choices. Preferred specifications indicate that increasing a student’s exposure to college-going peers by ten percentage points is predicted to raise the student’s probability of enrolling in college by 4 percentage points. This effect is roughly half the magnitude of growing up in a household with married parents (vs. an unmarried household). PMID:26004476

  3. In an Uncertain Summer, Colleges Try to Control Enrollment "Melt"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoover, Eric

    2009-01-01

    Each year, admissions officers know that a small percentage of admitted applicants who sent deposits will not show up. The phenomenon, known as "summer melt," has many causes. Students might change their plans because they suddenly get off their first-choice college's waiting list--or because they opt to spend a year caring for penguins in…

  4. Colleges Are Wary of Global Economy's Effect on Foreign Enrollments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Karin

    2012-01-01

    Economists in both India and China see signs of slackening economic activity, from currency fluctuations in India to a falloff in imports, electricity consumption, and real-estate sales in China. A weakening of the economies in the two countries could be worrisome news for American colleges, for which an uptick in full-paying foreign students has…

  5. 2012 College Choice Report--Part 2: Enrollment Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report builds on a foundation of knowledge about the academic readiness of the ACT-tested high school graduating class of 2012 as presented in "The Condition of College & Career Readiness" (see ED534761). An important conclusion of the "Condition" report is that far too many high school graduates are not prepared for…

  6. Rekindling Minority Enrollment. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 74.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angel, Dan, Ed.; Barrera, Adriana, Ed.

    1991-01-01

    A variety of community college programs and services designed to enhance minority student participation and success in higher education are described in this volume. Issues related to minority student recruitment, retention, and transfer to four-year institutions, and to minority staff professional development are explored in the following 15…

  7. Young Adults' Fertility Expectations and Events: Associations With College Enrollment and Persistence.

    PubMed

    Raley, R Kelly; Kim, Yujin; Daniels, Kimberly

    2012-08-01

    The analyses described in this article investigated the association between adolescent fertility expectations and college enrollment (N = 7,838). They also explored the potential impact of fertility expectations and events on college persistence among 4-year (n = 2,605) and 2-year (n = 1,962) college students. The analysis, which used data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, showed a significant association between expectations for early parenthood and the likelihood of going to a 4-year college or 2-year college for both men and women. In addition, the authors found that pregnancies were associated with an increased risk of college dropout for women; however, if all of the estimated effect of pregnancies on the risk of dropout were causal, they would still not be a major factor contributing to educational attainment because fertile pregnancies among college women are so rare. PMID:23729862

  8. Advanced Math Course Taking: Effects on Math Achievement and College Enrollment

    PubMed Central

    Byun, Soo-yong; Irvin, Matthew J.; Bell, Bethany A.

    2014-01-01

    Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002–2006 (ELS:02/06), this study investigated the effects of advanced math course taking on math achievement and college enrollment and how such effects varied by socioeconomic status (SES) and race/ethnicity. Results from propensity score matching and sensitivity analyses showed that advanced math course taking had positive effects on math achievement and college enrollment. Results also demonstrated that the effect of advanced math course taking on math achievement was greater for low SES students than for high SES students, but smaller for Black students than for White students. No interaction effects were found for college enrollment. Limitations, policy implications, and future research directions are discussed. PMID:26508803

  9. Postsecondary Co-Enrollment and Baccalaureate Completion: A Look at Both Beginning 4-Year College Students and Baccalaureate Aspirants Beginning at Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Xueli; Wickersham, Kelly

    2014-01-01

    Research examining diversifying college enrollment patterns has gradually gained attention in recent years. Yet, few studies have focused on postsecondary co-enrollment and its different forms such as co-enrolling at institutions of the same level (lateral co-enrollment) and attending a 4- and 2-year institution simultaneously (vertical…

  10. Faculty Members' Perceptions of Rigor in Dual Enrollment, Accelerated Programs, and Standard Community College Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferguson, Colin; Baker, Pete; Burnett, Dana

    2015-01-01

    This chapter presents the results of a study that investigated faculty members' views on the level of academic rigor in three settings at one community college: dual enrollment, accelerated programs, and standard community college courses.

  11. The Montgomery College Student. A Profile of the Students Enrolled at Montgomery College During the Fall Semester of 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Armstrong, David F.; Munson, Ann R.

    Selected biographic and demographic characteristics of the 15,168 students enrolled at Montgomery College for fall 1977 were analyzed. Analysis showed: (1) the mean age for all students was 26.06 years; (2) 55% were female; (3) 71% were white, 8% black, 1% Spanish-American, and 14% foreign born; (4) 90% were Montgomery county residents; (5)…

  12. The Montgomery College Student; A Profile of the Students Enrolled at Montgomery College During the Fall Semester of 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gell, Robert L.; And Others

    This document contains a descriptive analysis of the 13,984 students enrolled at Montgomery College for fall 1976, including full- and part-time, credit and non-credit, and day and evening students. Selected biographic and demographic variables were used to describe the student population. Analysis showed: (1) the mean age for all students was…

  13. Early College Academic Performance: Studying the Effects of Earning College Credits from Advanced Placement and Dual Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Jermaine F.

    2010-01-01

    This quantitative study examined the impact of Advanced Placement (AP) and Dual Enrollment (DE) on early college academic performance by analyzing and comparing first year and sophomore year persistence rates and grade point averages (GPAs) of four student cohorts who began their education at a large urban research I university in fall 2007. These…

  14. University and Community College System of Nevada. Enrollment Report, Fall 1993.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada Univ. and Community Coll. System, Reno. Office of the Chancellor.

    In fall 1993, the University and Community College System of Nevada (UCCSN) enrolled 65,124 state-supported students, and an additional 12,976 students in self-supported programs such as continuing education, correspondence courses, community services, and contract education programs. In fall 1993, for the first time in 9 years, student full-time…

  15. Improving the Cultural Acclimation of International Students Enrolled in American Colleges and Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weller, Jonathan D.

    2012-01-01

    This study addresses the importance of helping international students acclimate to their American campus culture in order to meet the aspirations of international education. The study includes a comprehensive overview of international student enrollment in American colleges and universities. It also identifies the many benefits, including…

  16. High School Career and Technical Education Participation and Initial College Enrollment: Evidence from Arkansas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Shaun M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses rich administrative data from Arkansas to understand whether and how high school career and technical education (CTE) programs are related to initial enrollment in college after high school. This descriptive work is designed to inform how other state and local policymakers understand the potential role of high school CTE…

  17. Building a Multicontextual Model of Latino College Enrollment: Student, School, and State-Level Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nunez, Anne-Marie; Kim, Dongbin

    2012-01-01

    Latinos' college enrollment rates, particularly in four-year institutions, have not kept pace with their population growth in the United States. Using three-level hierarchical generalized linear modeling, this study analyzes data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS) to examine the influence of high school and state contexts, in addition…

  18. Secondary Mathematics: Four Credits, Block Schedules, Continuous Enrollment? What Maximizes College Readiness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zelkowski, Jeremy

    2010-01-01

    This paper posits the position that if higher education and secondary schools wish to increase students' college readiness, specifically in mathematics and critical thinking skills, continuous enrollment in secondary mathematics is one avenue worth exploring as opposed to increasing mathematics graduation requirements only in terms of Carnegie…

  19. Community College Dual Enrollment Faculty Orientation: A Utilization-Focused Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charlier, Hara D.; Duggan, Molly H.

    2010-01-01

    The current climate of accountability demands that institutions engage in data-driven program evaluation. In order to promote quality dual enrollment (DE) programs, institutions must support the adjunct faculty teaching college courses in high schools. This study uses Patton's utilization-focused model (1997) to conduct a formative evaluation of a…

  20. Noncredit Enrollment in Workforce Education: State Policies and Community College Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Noy, Michelle; Jacobs, James; Korey, Suzanne; Bailey, Thomas; Hughes, Katherine L.

    2008-01-01

    Postsecondary noncredit education has become increasingly common; many community colleges now enroll more noncredit than credit students. Much of the growth has occurred in workforce instruction and contract training, programs are noted for their role in meeting shifting workforce demands and providing skills in a way that is flexible and…

  1. The Effects of the Introduction of Bachelor Degrees on College Enrollment and Dropout Rates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horstschräer, Julia; Sprietsma, Maresa

    2015-01-01

    We estimate the short-term effects of the introduction of the Bachelor degree system in Germany, a change in degree regulations such that students need less time to earn a first degree, on college enrollment and dropout rates. We use variation in the timing of the reform at the university department level to identify the effects of the reform…

  2. Measuring the Impact of High School Counselors on College Enrollment. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurwitz, Michael; Howell, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    This brief examines high school counselor staffing counts relative to four-year college enrollment rates. Recent evidence from a national survey of counselors provides support for claims by counselors and school administrators that current counselor staffing levels are suboptimal. An additional high school counselor is predicted to induce a 10…

  3. Universal SAT® Policy Boosts 4-Year College Enrollment. Info to Go™ 2015-1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurwitz, Michael; Smith, Jonathan; Niu, Sunny; Howell, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    Maine replaced its existing high school statewide assessment with the SAT® and administered the exam to almost all public high school juniors. A primary goal of this policy change was to increase 4-year college enrollment by public school students in Maine. This brief report provides an overview of the data, research methodology employed, as well…

  4. Logit Estimation of a Gravity Model of the College Enrollment Decision.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leppel, Karen

    1993-01-01

    A study investigated the factors influencing students' decisions about attending a college to which they had been admitted. Logit analysis confirmed gravity model predictions that geographic distance and student ability would most influence the enrollment decision and found other variables, although affecting earlier stages of decision making, did…

  5. Orientation Booklet for Parents Enrolled in Parent Education Cooperative Groups. Columbia Basin College Parent Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debban, Barbara, Comp.; And Others

    This booklet provides parents with information to help them get the most from their enrollment in parent education cooperative groups. Orientation information is presented for both the Parent Walkabout/Parent Toddler Programs and the Parent Cooperative Preschool Programs at Columbia Basin College (CBC), Washington. Informative material on the…

  6. Career Indecision Levels of Students Enrolled in a College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esters, Levon T.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the level of career indecision of students enrolled in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. A primary goal of this research was to explore the construct of career indecision using the three factor structure identified by Kelly and Lee (2002). The factors of interest in…

  7. The Development of a Computer Model for Projecting Statewide College Enrollments: A Preliminary Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rensselaer Research Corp., Troy, NY.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the schema and methodology for the construction of a computerized mathematical model designed to project college and university enrollments in New York State and to meet the future increased demands of higher education planners. This preliminary report describes the main structure of the proposed computer…

  8. Essays on the Economics of Education: Structured Transfer Programs, Enrollment Patterns, and Efficiency at Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crosta, Peter Michael

    2013-01-01

    In the United States, community colleges serve nearly half of the 18 million students enrolled in postsecondary education. However, it has only been the last decade or so where these public, two-year institutions have claimed substantial attention from the research community. This dissertation consists of three essays that focus on aspects of the…

  9. Does the Availability of Parental Health Insurance Affect the College Enrollment Decision of Young Americans?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jung, Juergen; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Rhoads, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    The present study examines whether the college enrollment decision of young individuals (student full-time, student part-time, and non-student) depends on health insurance coverage via a parent's family health plan. Our findings indicate that the availability of parental health insurance can have significant effects on the probability that a young…

  10. Examining the Role of Advanced Placement[R] Exam Participation in 4-Year College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chajewski, Michael; Mattern, Krista D.; Shaw, Emily J.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between Advanced Placement (AP) exam participation and enrollment in a 4-year postsecondary institution. A positive relationship was expected given that the primary purpose of offering AP courses is to allow students to engage in college-level academic work while in high school, and…

  11. Enrolled Student Evaluation of Miami-Dade Community College Services, 2000. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bashford, Joanne

    This report presents the findings of an enrolled student survey administered to approximately 3,700 Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) (Florida) students during the 2000-2001 fall term. The survey was administered to regular credit students, English-as-a-Second-Language/English-Non-Speaking (ESL/ENS) students, and Postsecondary Adult Vocational…

  12. Attitudes of College Students Enrolled in 2-Year Health Care Programs towards Online Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abdulla, Dalya

    2012-01-01

    Colleges offering 2-year diplomas to high-school graduates were among the forefront leaders in online learning however studies illustrating appropriate course construction for such student populations are scarce. Pharmacy Math (MATH16532) is a core course for students enrolled in the Practical Nursing (PN) and Pharmacy Technician (PT) programs at…

  13. Gavilan College Student Profile of Opening Enrollment, Fall 2000-Fall 2003.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willett, Terrence

    This report contains the student profile of opening enrollment for Gavilan College between Fall 2000 and Fall 2003. The document provides highlights of the data as well as tables and graphs that visually depict the data. Some of the highlights of the report are as follows: (1) Fall 2003 headcount is similar to Spring 2003 but with a slight…

  14. High School and Community College Dual Enrollment: Issues of Rigor and Transferability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windham, Patricia

    In December 1993, the University of Florida issued a report that found that the vast majority of students who had taken chemistry courses in dual enrollment programs at a community college and who did not meet standard admissions requirements were required to retake their courses at the University. In response to the report, the state's Community…

  15. Gender Gaps in College Enrollment: The Role of Gender Sorting across Public High Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conger, Dylan; Long, Mark C.

    2013-01-01

    This article uses Florida administrative data to evaluate the role that public high schools play in the growing female advantage in college enrollment. We first show evidence of gender sorting across public high schools that is beyond what one would observe if students were randomly assigned to their schools. Using regression and decomposition…

  16. The Pell and the Poor: A Regression-Discontinuity Analysis of On-Time College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Rachel B.

    2011-01-01

    In this study, I capitalize on a natural experiment to examine the effect of federal Pell Grant eligibility on college enrollment for students who graduated from high school in spring 2004 and who completed the "Free Application for Federal Student Aid" (FAFSA). Data from the "Education Longitudinal Study of 2002" are used to array students on the…

  17. The Effect of Participating in Indiana's Twenty-First Century Scholars Program on College Enrollments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toutkoushian, Robert K.; Hossler, Don; DesJardins, Stephen L.; McCall, Brian; Gonzalez Canche, Manuel S.

    2015-01-01

    Our study adds to prior work on Indiana's Twenty-first Century Scholars(TFCS) program by focusing on whether participating in--rather than completing--the program affects the likelihood of students going to college and where they initially enrolled. We first employ binary and multinomial logistic regression to obtain estimates of the impact of the…

  18. Early College and Dual Enrollment Challenges: Inroads and Impediments to Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howley, Aimee; Howley, Marged D.; Howley, Craig B.; Duncan, Tom

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, some school reformers have come to see early college and dual enrollment as mechanisms for increasing the academic engagement and performance of a range of students beyond those exhibiting high academic achievement or ability. Despite purported benefits, research on the dynamics of such programs is limited. This case study adds to…

  19. Advanced Math Course Taking: Effects on Math Achievement and College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byun, Soo-yong; Irvin, Matthew J.; Bell, Bethany A.

    2015-01-01

    Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002-2006, the authors investigated the effects of advanced math course taking on math achievement and college enrollment and how such effects varied by socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity. Results from propensity score matching and sensitivity analyses showed that advanced math course…

  20. College Enrollment and Work Activity of 2005 High School Graduates. Bureau of Labor Statistics News. USDL 06-514

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In October 2005, 68.6 percent of high school graduates from the class of 2005 were enrolled in colleges or universities, according to data released on March 24, 2006 by the U.S. Department of Labor's Bureau of Labor Statistics. The college enrollment rate for recent high school graduates was a historical high for the series dating back to 1959.…

  1. A Survey of Community College Enrollment Conducted as Part of Fee Impact Study. Second Follow-Up Measure, Spring, 1986.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Field Research Corp., San Francisco, CA.

    A three-phase study was conducted in California to assess the impact of a mandatory fee imposed in 1985 on enrollments in the California community colleges as measured by changes in students' ethnicity, income, and academic load, and changes in enrollment in college non-credit education. A benchmark study conducted in spring 1984 prior to the…

  2. Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Summary. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holian, Laura; Mokher, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This brief document summarizes findings from "Estimating College Enrollment Rates for Virginia Public High School Graduates. Issues & Answers. REL 2011-No. 104." Using data from the National Student Clearinghouse and the Virginia Department of Education, the report examines college enrollment rates overall and by student academic and demographic…

  3. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Impact of Dual Enrollment on College Degree Attainment: Do Low-SES Students Benefit?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The study reviewed in this paper used data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) to examine the effects of dual enrollment programs for high school students on college degree attainment. The study further reported on whether the impacts of dual enrollment were different for first generation college students. Dual enrollment…

  4. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Impact of Dual Enrollment on College Degree Attainment: Do Low-SES Students Benefit?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This study reviewed in this report used data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) to examine the effects of dual enrollment programs for high school students on college degree attainment. The study further reported on whether the impacts of dual enrollment were different for first generation college students. Dual enrollment…

  5. Dual Enrollment Policies and Practices: Earning College Credit in California High Schools. Lessons Learned from the Concurrent Courses Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golann, Joanne Wang; Hughes, Katherine L.

    2008-01-01

    This report from the Community College Research Center sheds light on the current policies and practices that shape "dual enrollment" efforts in California. The report, funded by The James Irvine Foundation, demonstrates the feasibility of using dual enrollment programs to enhance college and career pathways for low-income youth who are struggling…

  6. The Relationship Between Parental Involvement as Social Capital and College Enrollment: An Examination of Racial/Ethnic Group Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perna, Laura Walter; Titus, Marvin A.

    2005-01-01

    To examine the relationship between parental involvement and college enrollment, this study draws on the work of Bourdieu (1986), Coleman (1988), and Lin (2001a, 2001b) to conceptualize parental involvement as a form of social capital that provides individuals with access to resources that may facilitate college enrollment. The conceptual model…

  7. Impact of Inclusive College Programs Serving Students with Intellectual Disabilities on Disability Studies Interns and Typically Enrolled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Izzo, Margo Vreeburg; Shuman, Amy

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to confirm and extend prior research on the attitudes and experiences of typical college students towards students with intellectual disabilities who were enrolled in an inclusive postsecondary program. College students enrolled in a Disability Studies Internship class completed surveys, journals, and participated in…

  8. The Effect of Transition Planning Participation and Goal-Setting on College Enrollment among Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wei, Xin; Wagner, Mary; Hudson, Laura; Yu, Jennifer W.; Javitz, Harold

    2016-01-01

    This study used propensity score techniques to assess the relationship between transition planning participation and goal-setting and college enrollment among youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Using data from Waves 1 through 5 of the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2, this study found that 2- or 4-year college enrollment rates were…

  9. College Satisfaction among Students Enrolled at Religious Four-Year Colleges: A Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Darby J. W.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was (a) to explore descriptions of students who attended selected religious four-year colleges; (b) to explore relationships between background characteristics and overall college satisfaction and relationships between college experiences and overall college satisfaction; (c) to explore changes over time with respect to…

  10. Student Borrowing in the 1990s. ACE Issue Brief.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Council on Education, Washington, DC. Center for Policy Analysis.

    This brief discusses student borrowing to pay for college in the 1990s. Between 1990 and 2000, student loan volume more than doubled in real terms from $16.4 billion to $37.5 billion, and the number of loans made annually also more than doubled, from 4.5 million to 9.4 million. Data, primarily from the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study,…

  11. A Guide to Enrollment Growth Management in the California Community Colleges: A "How To Do It" Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Community Coll. League of California, Sacramento. Commission on Education Policy.

    Intended as a guide to help California Community College administrators plan for and manage enrollment growth, this document provides information on preparing enrollment growth plans, recruiting and marketing, and developing financial resources. Following a preface, background information is provided on enrollment growth management (EGM), defining…

  12. Trends in Los Angeles City College Day Course Enrollments, 1970-1974. Research Study No. 75-1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Ben K.

    To identify discernible trends in day class enrollments, and thus assist in curriculum and course planning, detailed class enrollments for Los Angeles City College day classes were compiled over a five-year period. Over the period, total class enrollments decreased monotonically for the first four years, dropping in 1973 to about 90 percent of the…

  13. Dual Enrollment as a Factor for Women Transitioning into STEM Majors in Montana Two-Year Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jakes, Penny Jane

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this non-experimental, descriptive, quantitative study was to describe the impact high school dual enrollment coursework has had on initial enrollment of women with STEM majors in Montana two-year colleges. The study was designed to find whether or not differences existed for access (initial enrollment), persistence (to third…

  14. A Strategic Enrollment Management Approach to Studying High School Student Transition to a Two-Year College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Yan; Ye, Feifei; Pilarzyk, Tom

    2014-01-01

    This study used a strategic enrollment management (SEM) approach to studying high school students' transition to a two-year college and their initial college success. Path analyses suggested two important findings: (a) clear career choices among students, family influence, academic preparedness, and college recruitment efforts predicted…

  15. Freshmen in the Spotlight. Report on Enrollments at Public, Four-Year Colleges and Universities, 1987-88.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ludwig, Meredith; Wassan, Heidi

    The 1987-88 report of enrollments at public four-year colleges and universities offers data in many categories but provides analysis particularly of college freshmen data. The data for the report are from the national survey of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU) and the National Association of State Universities…

  16. Comparing Students' Enrolment and Graduate Output in Home Economics with Other Vocational Subjects in Colleges of Education in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arubayi, D. O.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare students' enrolment and graduate output in Home Economics with other Vocational subjects in the Colleges of Education in Nigeria. The target population included twenty (20) Federal Colleges and twenty-seven (27) State Colleges of Education offering eight Vocational and Technical disciplines during the…

  17. Hispanic Student Enrollment and Educational Attainment in Texas 2-Year Colleges: A Multi-Year Statewide Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hernandez, Jack

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic college students enrolled in Texas 2-year colleges from the 2000 through the 2011 academic years and to examine the numbers and percentages of Hispanic students obtaining associate degrees from Texas 2-year colleges for the 2000 through the 2011 academic…

  18. College choice of natural science students: The factors and sources that influence enrollment decisions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Samuel

    This dissertation studied how institutional factors and sources of influence affected the enrollment decisions of natural science students admitted to a selective, private research institution. In terms of institutional factors, participants were asked to rate both the importance of factors and how satisfied they were with these factors at the survey institution. Institutional factors were divided into four sub-categories: cost-related factors, campus-related factors, academic opportunities and extra-curricular opportunities. Participants were also asked to rate the importance of sources of information/influence on their final enrollment decision; these sources were divided into three categories: student's network, institutional sources and reputation. Results were also disaggregated by enrollment decision and demographic variables (gender, ethnicity, SES, mother's educational level and father's educational level) to determine if differences existed between groups. An online survey was used to collect data and these results were based on quantitative analysis using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Factors that were considered important to natural science students in their college choice were campus, major availability, research opportunities, faculty contact, student activities and total cost. The factors that students were satisfied with at the survey institution were major availability and campus. The sources that were most important to students in making their college choice were the university's reputation and major reputation. Significant differences were found between groups based on demographic and enrollment variables in their ratings of factor importance, factor satisfaction and importance of sources of information/influence.

  19. The Maine Question: How Is 4-Year College Enrollment Affected by Mandatory College Entrance Exams?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hurwitz, Michael; Smith, Jonathan; Niu, Sunny; Howell, Jessica

    2015-01-01

    We use a difference-in-differences analytic approach to estimate postsecondary consequences from Maine's mandate that all public school juniors take the SAT®. We find that, overall, the policy increased 4-year college-going rates by 2- to 3-percentage points and that 4-year college-going rates among induced students increased by 10-percentage…

  20. The Relationship between Local Wealth and Dual Enrollment Participation in Virginia's Community Colleges: Rural, Urban, and Suburban Patterns and Subsequent Postsecondary Enrollment Status

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davenport, Ellen Richardson

    2013-01-01

    In Virginia, the availability of dual enrollment classes for high school students has varied, depending on the interest of the local school division and the community college's president in whose service region the school division is located. HB 1184, which passed in the 2012 session of the Virginia General Assembly, stipulates that the…

  1. THE EFFECT OF VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE CLASS ENROLLMENT AND FARM EXPERIENCE ON ANIMAL SCIENCE KNOWLEDGE OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS ENROLLED IN OKLAHOMA COLLEGES OF AGRICULTURE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRUTON, JOHN C.

    A WRITTEN EXAMINATION WAS ADMINISTERED TO 605 FRESHMEN ENROLLED IN OKLAHOMA COLLEGES OFFERING AGRICULTURAL PROGRAMS TO DETERMINE WHETHER CERTAIN BACKGROUND EXPERIENCES CONTRIBUTED TO THE STUDENT'S KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF MAJOR CONCEPTS IN ANIMAL SCIENCE, TO MAKE INFORMATION AVAILABLE TO THE ANIMAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF OKLAHOMA STATE…

  2. College Student Experiences Questionnaire: Norms for the Third Edition, 1990. Part One: Tentative Norms for the 1990s. Part Two: Comparable Responses from the 1980s. Part Three: Bibliography [and] Psychometric Supplement to the CSEQ, Third Edition, 1990.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pace, C. Robert; Swayze, Susan

    This document presents tentative 1990-91 norms for the College Student Experiences Questionnaire (CSEQ).The norms are based on student (n=20,513) questionnaires which gathered data from 18 doctoral universities, 21 general liberal arts colleges, 19 comprehensive colleges and universities, and 5 highly selective liberal arts colleges. Data are…

  3. What Does It Profit a College to Add More Students? The Relationship between Enrollment Growth and Financial Strength

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Albert J.; Sikkink, David H.

    2004-01-01

    The relationship between growth and financial strength in a group of colleges and universities generally interested in enrollment growth was studied. Contrary to the conventional wisdom among administrators, it was found that institutions characterized by greater enrollment growth in a given year were not characterized by more positive subsequent…

  4. Mission, Enrollment and Staffing Patterns, Funding Procedures, and Administration and Governance. The North Carolina Community College Study. Executive Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Junius A.; And Others

    In November 1985, the Research Triangle Institute conducted a study of enrollment, staffing, governance and administration, and budget allocations in the North Carolina community colleges. The study involved an analysis of public records related to enrollment, staffing, and finances; an extensive study, including on-site interviews, of 12…

  5. The Nature of Discourse throughout 5E Lessons in a Large Enrolment College Biology Course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sickel, Aaron J.; Witzig, Stephen B.; Vanmali, Binaben H.; Abell, Sandra K.

    2013-04-01

    Large enrolment science courses play a significant role in educating undergraduate students. The discourse in these classes usually involves an instructor lecturing with little or no student participation, despite calls from current science education reform documents to elicit and utilize students' ideas in teaching. In this study, we used the 5E instructional model to develop and implement four lessons in a large enrolment introductory biology course with multiple opportunities for teacher-student and student-student interaction. Data consisted of video and audio recordings of whole-class and small-group discussions that took place throughout the study. We then used a science classroom discourse framework developed by Mortimer and Scott (2003) to characterize the discursive interactions in each 5E lesson phase. Analysis of the data resulted in two assertions. First, the purpose, communicative approach, patterns of discourse, and teaching interventions were unique to each 5E lesson phase. Second, the type of lesson topic influenced the content of the discourse. We discuss how the findings help characterize the discourse of each phase in a 5E college science lesson and propose a model to understand internalization through discursive interaction using this reform-based approach. We conclude with implications for facilitating discourse in college science lessons and future research. This study provides support for using the discourse framework to characterize discursive interaction in college science courses.

  6. A Comparison of the College Outcomes of AP® and Dual Enrollment Students. Research Report 2015-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Patterson, Brian F.; Di Giacomo, F. Tony

    2015-01-01

    Educators are increasingly focused on ensuring that students experience a rigorous curriculum in high school and graduate college and career ready. One way of introducing rigorous course work is to have students take college-level work, often in the form of either an AP® course and exam or a dual enrollment course. This study compared the outcomes…

  7. Stepping Stones to a Degree: The Impact of Enrollment Pathways and Milestones on Community College Student Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Crosta, Peter; Bailey, Thomas; Jenkins, Davis

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a study of the experiences and outcomes of older and younger community college students. We developed a discrete-time hazard model using longitudinal transcript data on a cohort of first-time community college students in Florida to compare the impact of enrollment pathways (such as remediation) and enrollment…

  8. Increasing College Enrollment among Low- and Moderate-Income Families: An Intervention to Improve Information and Access to Financial Aid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bettinger, Eric P.; Long, Bridget Terry; Oreopoulos, Philip

    2007-01-01

    Higher education plays an increasingly important role in helping individuals attain social and economic success. Yet, despite decades of financial aid policy, substantial gaps in college access remain by income level and race. One major impediment to increasing college enrollment among low-income students is the lack of information about financial…

  9. What Works in Student Retention? Fourth National Survey. Community Colleges with Twenty Percent or More Black Students Enrolled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the findings for community colleges with twenty percent or more Black students enrolled that participated in ACT's 2010 "What Works in Student Retention survey." The report contains information pertinent to only these institutions. The following are appended: (1) Data for Two-Year Community Colleges with greater than or equal…

  10. What Works in Student Retention? Fourth National Survey. Community Colleges with Twenty Percent or More Hispanic Students Enrolled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the findings for community colleges with twenty percent or more Hispanic students enrolled that participated in ACT's 2010 What Works in Student Retention survey. The report contains information pertinent to only these institutions. Appendices include: (1) Data for Community Colleges with greater than or equal to 20% Hispanic…

  11. Using Research and Planning in Marketing at Two Year Colleges: Analyzing Enrollment Trends, Retention of Students and Educational Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatham, Elaine L.

    Studies of the Plans of high school students and the characteristics of first-time freshmen can reveal trends in community college enrollments that should be considered in marketing. Studies at Johnson County Community College (JCCC) reveal the continued importance of meeting the needs of the 18 to 20 year old student who is still strongly…

  12. Considerations and Recommendations for Implementing a Dual-Enrollment Program: Bridging the Gap between High School and College Level Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lukes, Laura A.

    2014-01-01

    Dual-enrollment (DE) science courses offer a way to strengthen the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics pipeline between high school and college. These courses offer high school students the opportunity to experience college science in a more supported environment, allowing them to adjust to the different academic and social demands…

  13. Law Library Service in the 1990's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Bookmark, 1990

    1990-01-01

    This issue of "The Bookmark" presents 20 articles focusing on various aspects of law library services in New York State. The articles are: (1) "Law Library Services in the 1990's" (Christine Bain); (2) "A Librarian's View of Legal Publishing Today" (Margaret Maes Axtmann); (3) "Legal Publishing--A Publisher's View" (Kenneth Lee Halajian); (4)…

  14. Family Research in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parke, Ross D.

    Theories about, methods of studying, and definitions of family have undergone profound shifts over the last several decades, and change continues to characterize developmental research on family functioning. In the 1990s, researchers have recognized the need for more descriptive studies as well as more process-oriented work. Research is beginning…

  15. Retirement Age Declines Again in 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gendell, Murray

    2001-01-01

    The average retirement age continued to decline in the 1990s after having leveled off during the preceding 10-15 years. The resumption of the decline is attributed largely to a rise in the labor force participation rate of older men and women between the mid-1980s and 2000. (Author/JOW)

  16. National security in the 1990s

    SciTech Connect

    Rich, M.D.

    1991-02-01

    The Rand Paper contains the text of a speech given at a luncheon co-sponsored by Town Hall of California and the Los Angeles Council of Engineers and Scientists on national security affairs in the 1990s. The speech was given at the Biltmore Hotel, Los Angeles, California, on February 19, 1991.

  17. Depository Libraries in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garner, Diane

    The assumption is made that what the 1990s have in store for users of depository libraries will hinge on three crucial areas: (1) the reform and development of government information policies; (2) changing technology; and (3) the willingness and ability of the depository libraries to accommodate these changes. The uncertain role of the government…

  18. Joint Enrollment Report, 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The Iowa Department of Education collects information on joint enrollment in Iowa's 15 community colleges. Jointly enrolled students are high school students enrolled in community college credit coursework. Most jointly enrolled students enroll through Senior Year Plus (SYP) programs such as Postsecondary Enrollment Options (PSEO) and concurrent…

  19. High-school seniors' college enrollment goals: Costs and benefits of ambitious expectations.

    PubMed

    Villarreal, Brandilynn J; Heckhausen, Jutta; Lessard, Jared; Greenberger, Ellen; Chen, Chuansheng

    2015-12-01

    High school students with high long-term educational expectations attain higher levels of education than those with lower expectations. Less studied is the role of students' short-term college enrollment expectations for the year after high school graduation. The purpose of the current study was to examine the costs and benefits of ambitious short-term expectations and the impact of falling short of these expectations on mental health, motivation, and educational outcomes. Over 1000 youth with expectations to attend college were surveyed during their senior year of high school, one year later, and four years later. Participants who did not achieve their short-term expectations had lower educational attainment four years later but were not less satisfied with their educational progress. The negative consequences of falling short of one's expectations were restricted to individuals with less ambitious short-term expectations. Thus, the benefits of ambitious short-term expectations for youth may outweigh the costs. PMID:26376463

  20. Competency and Persistence of New College Students Enrolled in Math 310 at San Jose City College, Fall 1990. Research Report #127.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kangas, Jon; Budros, Kathleen

    A study was conducted at San Jose City College (SJCC) to identify and track 163 new students enrolled in Math 310 over a period of several semesters. Data on the students' competency and persistence rates were collected for fall 1990 and spring 1991, along with subsequent math class enrollments and success rates. Study findings included the…

  1. Systems for Offering Concurrent Enrollment at High Schools and Community Colleges. New Directions for Community Colleges, Number 113. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Piedad F., Ed.; Chapman, Brian G., Ed.; Gaskin, Fred, Ed.

    2001-01-01

    The spring 2001 issue of "New Directions for Community Colleges" discusses concurrent enrollment programs and the challenges and issues associated with developing and maintaining such programs. Chapters include: (1) "State Policy and Postsecondary Enrollment Options: Creating Seamless Systems" (Katherine Boswell); (2) "A Model for Implementing a…

  2. Does an Early College Readiness Signal Discourage College Application and Enrollment?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jackson, Jacob S.

    2015-01-01

    States are currently seeking ways to improve alignment between K-12 and postsecondary education and better prepare students for postsecondary schooling. Some states have begun implementing policies that inform high school students that they are not ready for college-level courses well before they graduate, in order to give both notice and time to…

  3. Dual enrollment as a factor for women transitioning into STEM majors in Montana two-year colleges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jakes, Penny Jane

    The purpose of this non-experimental, descriptive, quantitative study was to describe the impact high school dual enrollment coursework has had on initial enrollment of women with STEM majors in Montana two-year colleges. The study was designed to find whether or not differences existed for access (initial enrollment), persistence (to third semester), and success (associate's degree, certificate, or transfer to a four-year institution within 150% of program length). The literature review highlighted the need for studies to address the issue of few women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations. One goal of dual enrollment in Montana is to ease transitions from high school to college, including underrepresented populations such as women in STEM fields. The scope of this study was to collect, organize, and interpret data to describe the effect of that effort for women enrolling in STEM majors at two-year colleges in Montana. Baseline information established the demographics of young women who participated in dual enrollment in Montana high schools during 2007-2009. Data analysis described results using attributes of gender, dual enrollment, access, persistence, and success for those enrolled in STEM fields. Results indicated more young women than young men take advantage of dual enrollment in high school and more women than men with dual-enrollment credit initially enroll in college. More men than women major in a STEM field and more men persist and graduate within the STEM fields. Data indicated that 221 students enrolled in a Montana two-year college with DE/DC credit during 2007-2009. Of those, eight women chose STEM majors, six persisted to the third semester, and two completed. It is recommended that a mixed-methods study be conducted to give a deeper level of understanding for enrollment trends and career choice. Longitudinal studies should also be conducted as dual enrollment grows within the state of Montana. Further studies

  4. Analysis of the Enrollment Loss among First-Time-in-College Students Attending Miami-Dade Community College. Research Report No. 95-07R.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brann, Herman I.

    From fall 1990 to fall 1994, Florida's Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC) experienced a decline in enrollment among first-time-in-college students. To determine reasons for the decline, M-DCC examined characteristics and high school of origin of first-time students in the period, categorizing students as direct-entry (i.e., entering within 1…

  5. Examining the College Preparation and Intermediate Outcomes of College Success of Avid Graduates Enrolled in Universities and Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huerta, Jeffery; Watt, Karen M.

    2015-01-01

    This quantitative study examined first-year university and community college students who were former Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) high school students. Participants in this study were students from groups that are underrepresented in higher education. In the first sample of 329 graduates, grade point average and college credit…

  6. A Study of Mississippi Community and Junior College Dual Enrollment Collaboration Practices with Secondary Schools and Parents of Home-Schooled Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellum, LaNell Bagwell

    2009-01-01

    This study provides data from an existing review of secondary data and a survey of dual enrollment managers on the topic of Mississippi community and junior colleges' dual enrollment collaborations with secondary schools and parents of home-schooled students. Dual enrollment, also known as dual credit, concurrent enrollment, and credit based…

  7. Three Essays on Chinese Higher Education after Expansion and Reform: Sorting, Financial Aid, and College Selectivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loyalka, Prashant Kumar

    2009-01-01

    Since the late 1990s, China has dramatically increased its college enrollments, the number and diversity of its higher education institutions, university tuition fees, and financial aid. Now students from a wider range of backgrounds have significantly more opportunities to attend college and also compete for entry into more selective…

  8. Factors that promote success in women enrolled in STEM disciplines in rural North Carolina community colleges

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kincaid, Shannon D.

    Women have historically been underrepresented in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM fields). The underrepresentation of women in STEM may be attributable to a variety of factors. These may include different choices men and women typically make in response to incentives in STEM education. For example, STEM career paths may be less accommodating to people who are less resilient. Another factor may be that there are relatively few female STEM role models. Perhaps strong gender stereotypes discourage women from pursuing STEM education and STEM jobs. The factors that contribute to success and the barriers that impeded success must be identified before any steps can be taken to improve the educational outcomes for women in STEM disciplines. Consequently, relatively little is known about the role of resilience in academically successful adult women in rural community colleges enrolled in STEM disciplines and the mechanisms that underlie the performance deficits that occur as a result of stereotype threat effect. This mixed method study addressed those knowledge gaps by determining: (1) if high resilience is positively correlated to high grade point average for women enrolled in STEM disciplines in rural community colleges in North Carolina, and (2) if stereotype threat effect is a risk factor for these women. Quantitative data were collected by using "The Resilience Scale" (Wagnild & Young, 1987) and through examination of grade point average of students from Datatel data management software. Qualitative data were collected through semi-structured focus group interviews. Findings from this study indicate high resilience is positively correlated to high grade point average for women enrolled in STEM disciplines in rural community colleges in North Carolina, and stereotype threat effect was a risk factor for low-scoring women (i.e. those women who reported resilience scores less than 121 and grade point averages lower than 2.70) and was not a

  9. Minority Enrollment at State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, Fall, 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges, Washington, DC. Office of Research and Information.

    Minority enrollment has increased faster than total enrollment in state and land-grant universities in recent years. Minority students comprised 15.2 percent of the total enrollment in fall 1976, compared with 11 percent in fall 1972. Black students accounted for almost half of the minority enrollment, or 6.7 percent of the total enrollment. Other…

  10. Enterprise storage report for the 1990's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Fred

    1991-01-01

    Data processing has become an increasingly vital function, if not the most vital function, in most businesses today. No longer only a mainframe domain, the data processing enterprise also includes the midrange and workstation platforms, either local or remote. This expanded view of the enterprise has encouraged more and more businesses to take a strategic, long-range view of information management rather than the short-term tactical approaches of the past. Some of the significant aspects of data storage in the enterprise for the 1990's are highlighted.

  11. Enterprise storage report for the 1990's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Moore, Fred

    1992-01-01

    Data processing has become an increasingly vital function, if not the most vital function, in most businesses today. No longer only a mainframe domain, the data processing enterprise also includes the midrange and workstation platforms, either local or remote. This expanded view of the enterprise has encouraged more and more businesses to take a strategic, long-range view of information management rather than the short-term tactical approaches of the past. This paper will highlight some of the significant aspects of data storage in the enterprise for the 1990's.

  12. The motivations and experiences of students enrolled in online science courses at the community college

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Urbi

    An important question in online learning involves how to effectively motivate and retain students in science online courses. There is a dearth of research and knowledge about the experiences of students enrolled in online science courses in community colleges which has impeded the proper development and implementation of online courses and retention of students in the online environment. This study sought to provide an understanding of the relationships among each of the following variables: self-efficacy, task value, negative-achievement emotions, self-regulation learning strategies (metacognition), learning strategy (elaboration), and course satisfaction to student's performance (course final grade). Bandura's social-cognitive theory was used as a framework to describe the relationships among students' motivational beliefs (perceived task value, self-efficacy, and self-regulation) and emotions (frustration and boredom) with the dependent variables (elaboration and overall course satisfaction). A mixed-method design was used with a survey instrumentation and student interviews. A variety of science online courses in biology, genetics, astronomy, nutrition, and chemistry were surveyed in two community colleges. Community colleges students (N = 107) completed a questionnaire during enrollment in a variety of online science online courses. Upon course completion, 12 respondents were randomly selected for follow-up in-depth interviews. Multiple regression results from the study indicate perceived task value and self-regulatory learning strategies (metacognition) were as important predictors for students' use of elaboration, while self-efficacy and the number of prior online courses was not significant predictors for students' elaboration when all four predictors were included. Frustration was a significant negative predictor of overall course satisfaction, and boredom unexpectedly emerged as a positive predictor when frustration was also in the model. In addition, the

  13. Hispanic High School Graduates Pass Whites in Rate of College Enrollment: High School Drop-out Rate at Record Low

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Richard; Taylor, Paul

    2013-01-01

    A record seven-in-ten (69%) Hispanic high school graduates in the class of 2012 enrolled in college that fall, two percentage points higher than the rate (67%) among their white counterparts, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. This milestone is the result of a long-term increase in Hispanic…

  14. Enrollment Management Professionals in Community Colleges: An Exploratory Study of Their Influence on Student Recruitment and Retention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Tracy A.

    2010-01-01

    Community college leaders rely on enrollment management professionals (EMPs) to recruit and retain students, but research does not report the attributes these professionals should possess to contribute to student recruitment and retention. The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine if characteristics exist among EMPs that contribute to…

  15. A STUDY OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS ENROLLED IN BUSINESS DATA PROCESSING CLASSES, LOS ANGELES METROLITAN COLLEGE, FALL, 1965.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HILLEARY, HELENA

    AN INFORMATION FORM ADMINISTERED TO 520 STUDENTS IN BUSINESS DATA PROCESSING CLASSES SHOWED THAT THESE STUDENTS WERE ENROLLED IN AN AVERAGE OF 1.5 SUCH CLASSES, AND THAT THEY INCLUDED MORE MEN AND STUDENTS OVER 30 YEARS OF AGE THAN THE TOTAL COLLEGE POPULATION. OVER 15 PERCENT HAD EARNED AA DEGREES OR HIGHER, AND 32 PERCENT HAD NO PREVIOUS…

  16. From Middle School to College: Developing Aspirations, Promoting Engagement, and Indirect Pathways from Parenting to Post High School Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Nancy E.; Wang, Ming-Te

    2015-01-01

    Based on a longitudinal sample of 1,452 African American and European American adolescents and their parents, parenting practices (i.e., monitoring, warmth, and autonomy support) at 7th grade had significant indirect effects on college enrollment 3 years post high school, through their effects on aspirations, school engagement, and grade point…

  17. Entrance Test Accommodations, Admission and Enrollment of Students with Learning Disabilities in Teacher Training Colleges in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharoni, Varda; Vogel, Gila

    2007-01-01

    The "Saf" (threshold) exam is the entry exam taken by approximately 40% of the students enrolled in teacher training colleges in Israel. Students with learning disabilities may apply and be granted testing accommodations on this exam. This study examines the percentage of students with testing accommodations among the testees and those who began…

  18. Racial Differences in Test Preparation Strategies: A Commentary on "Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alon, Sigal

    2010-01-01

    Claudia Buchmann, Dennis Condron and Vincent Roscigno's study, titled "Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment," demonstrates that vigorous use of expensive test preparation tools, such as private classes and tutors, significantly boosts scores on standardized exams such as the SAT or ACT. This…

  19. Comparison of High School Dual-Enrollment and Traditional First-Term General/Organic/Biochemistry College Chemistry Class Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zuidema, Daniel R.; Eames, Kevin J.

    2014-01-01

    Student performance in a high school dual-enrollment chemistry course was compared with student performance in the corresponding traditional college course. The two courses were taught by the same instructor and evaluated using the same American Chemical Society (ACS) standardized examination. Interestingly, the high school dual-enrollment…

  20. Using Community College Prior Academic Performance to Predict Re-Enrollment at a Four-Year Online University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nadasen, Denise; List, Alexandra

    2016-01-01

    Students' re-enrollment in the subsequent semester after their first semester at a four-year institution is a strong predictor of retention and graduation. This is especially true for students who transfer from a community college to a four-year institution because of the many external or non-academic factors influencing a student's decision to…

  1. Advanced Placement versus Dual Enrollment: Making the Best Choice for College Selection, Persistence, Early Success, and Time to Completion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gruman, Daniel H.

    2013-01-01

    A substantial amount of research examines the benefits of high school college-credit attainment programs against non-participation. The growth in popularity of these programs, particularly Advanced Placement (AP) and dual enrollment (DE), has them competing against one another for student attention. However, students, schools, and policymakers do…

  2. New Directions for Higher Education: Q&A with Lumina's Merisotis on Increasing College Enrollment and Graduation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DiSalvio, Philip

    2013-01-01

    "New Directions for Higher Education" examines emerging issues, trends, and ideas that have an impact on higher education policies, programs, and practices. In this article, DiSalvio inteviews Jamie P. Merisotis, president and CEO of Lumina Foundation, about Lumina's commitment to enrolling and graduating more students from college, and…

  3. Projecting Enrollments for Delta College: Explosive Population Growth Will Enlarge and Diversify Delta's Student Body. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, John W.

    In 1990, a study was conducted at California's San Joaquin Delta Community College (SJDCC) to examine student enrollment trends and to analyze alternative population projections. The purpose of the study was to prepare SJDCC for the fiscal, managerial, and educational challenges which the growing, ethnically diverse population would bring.…

  4. Using Dual Enrollment Policy to Improve College & Career Readiness: A Web Tool for Decision Makers. A Policy Brief. Design Matters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Diane S.; Vargas, Joel

    2012-01-01

    As demand for a highly educated and skilled workforce grows, many governors have made student college and career readiness a priority in 2012. In their State of the State addresses, governors in Mississippi, Missouri, Virginia, and Wisconsin promoted the expansion of dual enrollment programs as a key strategy for strengthening academic…

  5. Grade Inflation Marches On: Grade Increases from the 1990s to 2000s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kostal, Jack W.; Kuncel, Nathan R.; Sackett, Paul R.

    2016-01-01

    Grade inflation threatens the integrity of college grades as indicators of academic achievement. In this study, we contribute to the literature on grade inflation by providing the first estimate of the size of grade increases at the student level between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s. By controlling for student characteristics and course-taking…

  6. Focus on the 1990's: International Trade Opportunities for the Permian Basin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midland Coll., TX. Business and Economic Development Center.

    Designed to highlight business opportunities of the 1990s as well as available educational programs relating to international business, this report contains six presentations from a 1990 conference on international trade hosted by Midland College (MC). The first article, "Texas in the Global Economy: Attitude and Opportunity," by John A. Adams,…

  7. WWC Review of the Report "Looking beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation." What Works Clearinghouse Single Study Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    The 2013 study, "Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation," examined whether eligibility for the Florida Student Access Grant (FSAG), a need-based grant for low-income students in Florida, affects college enrollment, credit accumulation, persistence over time in…

  8. City College of San Francisco Impact of BA-Degree Holder Fee on Credit Enrollments. Institutional Development, Research and Planning Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mery, Pamela M.

    Effective spring 1993, California community colleges increased enrollment fees for students with baccalaureate degrees from $6 per unit to $50 per unit, with some exemptions for economically or physically disadvantaged students. Overall credit enrollments for California's community colleges declined an estimated 8.8% from fall 1992 to spring 1993.…

  9. Fuel for Success: Academic Momentum as a Mediator between Dual Enrollment and Educational Outcomes of Two-Year Technical College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Xueli; Chan, Hsun-yu; Phelps, L. Allen; Washbon, Janet I.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Despite the fairly substantial body of literature devoted to understanding whether dual enrollment programs are related to academic success in college, less is known regarding how dual enrollment transmits its potentially positive influence, especially among two-year college students. In this study, we fill this gap by delving into the…

  10. CTE Dual Enrollment: A Strategy for College Completion and Workforce Investment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zinth, Jennifer Dounay

    2014-01-01

    Dual enrollment programs are expanding and so are dual enrollment programs with a career and technical education (CTE) focus. Recent data available from the National Center on Education Statistics show that 82 percent of high schools had students enrolling in dual enrollment coursework in 2010-11. Nearly half of the schools had students…

  11. Comparisons of Adult and Traditional College-Age Student Mothers: Reasons for College Enrollment and Views of How Enrollment Affects Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilsey, Stephanie A.

    2013-01-01

    Women are an increasingly large presence in undergraduate education, and many female students are mothers in addition to their role as college students. To compare and contrast 2 groups of student mothers (adult and traditional college-age), we administered a 39-item survey to 95 student mothers. We assessed demographic variables, reasons for…

  12. The Effect of Florida's Bright Futures Program on College Enrollment and Degree Production: An Aggregated-Level Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Liang; Hu, Shouping; Sensenig, Victor

    2013-01-01

    In this study, we investigate the impact of the Bright Futures Scholarship Program on college enrollment and degree production in Florida by using IPEDS enrollment, migration, and completion data. Results suggest large and significant enrollment effects at Florida's public 4- and 2-year institutions, for both full-time and part-time…

  13. Explosive Welding in the 1990's

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lalwaney, N. S.; Linse, V. D.

    1985-01-01

    Explosive bonding is a unique joining process with the serious potential to produce composite materials capable of fulfilling many of the high performance materials capable of fulfilling many of the high performance materials needs of the 1990's. The process has the technological versatility to provide a true high quality metallurgical compatible and incompatible systems. Metals routinely explosively bonded include a wide variety of combinations of reactive and refractory metals, low and high density metals and their alloys, corrosion resistant and high strength alloys, and common steels. The major advantage of the process is its ability to custom design and engineer composites with physical and/or mechanical properties that meet a specific or unusual performance requirement. Explosive bonding offers the designer unique opportunities in materials selection with unique combinations of properties and high integrity bonds that cannot be achieved by any other metal joining process. The process and some applications are discussed.

  14. Infrared zoom lenses in the 1990s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mann, Allen

    1994-01-01

    The breadth of activity in the field of IR zoom lenses is international in scope. Representative IR zoom lens systems of the 1990s from the continents of North America, Europe, and Asia and the Middle East are presented. Design considerations unique to the IR spectrum such as athermalization are given special attention. The various approaches to solving these design problems are described along with the operating characteristics of these systems. Applications include forward-looking IR scanning systems and target simulators. Tolerance considerations during manufacture are presented. Innovative reflective zoom systems are also considered. Development trends for the next several years are discussed, including the use of diffractive optical elements in IR zoom lens systems.

  15. Physics through the 1990s: An overview

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The volume details the interaction of physics and society, and presents a short summary of the progress in the major fields of physics and a summary of the other seven volumes of the Physics through the 1990s series, issues and recommended policy changes are described regarding funding, education, industry participation, small-group university research and large facility programs, government agency programs, and computer database needs. Three supplements report in detail on international issues in physics (the US position in the field, international cooperation and competition-especially on large projects, freedom for scientists, free flow of information, and education of foreign students), the education and supply of physicists (the changes in US physics education, employment and manpower, and demographics of the field), and the organization and support of physics (government, university, and industry research; facilities; national laboratories; and decision making). An executive summary contains recommendations for maintaining excellence in physics. A glossary of scientific terms is appended.

  16. Physics through the 1990s: an overview

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    The volume details the interaction of physics and society, and presents a short summary of the progress in the major fields of physics and a summary of the other seven volumes of the Physics through the 1990s series. Issues and recommended policy changes are described regarding funding, education, industry participation, small-group university research and large facility programs, government agency programs, and computer database needs. Three supplements report in detail on international issues in physics (the US position in the field, international cooperation and competition--especially on large projects, freedom for scientists, free flow of information, and education of foreign students), the education and supply of physicists (the changes in US physics education, employment and manpower, and demographics of the field), and the organization and support of physics (government, university, and industry research; facilities; national laboratories; and decision making). An executive summary contains recommendations for maintaining excellence in physics. A glossary of scientific terms is appended.

  17. Physics through the 1990s: An overview

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The volume details the interaction of physics and society, and presents a short summary of the progress in the major fields of physics and a summary of the other seven volumes of the Physics through the 1990s series, issues and recommended policy changes are described regarding funding, education, industry participation, small-group university research and large facility programs, government agency programs, and computer database needs. Three supplements report in detail on international issues in physics (the US position in the field, international cooperation and competition-especially on large projects, freedom for scientists, free flow of information, and education of foreign students), the education and supply of physicists (the changes in US physics education, employment and manpower, and demographics of the field), and the organization and support of physics (government, university, and industry research; facilities; national laboratories; and decision making). An executive summary contains recommendations for maintaining excellence in physics. A glossary of scientific terms is appended.

  18. The Impact of Full Time Enrollment in the First Semester on Community College Transfer Rates: New Evidence from Texas with Pre-College Determinants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Park, Toby J.

    2015-01-01

    Background/Context: Recent developments in state-level policy have begun to require, incentivize, and/or encourage students at community colleges to enroll full time in an effort to increase the likelihood that students will persist and transfer to four-year institution where they will be able to complete their bachelor's degree. Often, these…

  19. Course Selection Theory and College Transition Seminars: An Adaptation of College Choice Models to Explain First-Year Students' Course Enrollment Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graff, Curt Gerard

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation examines the course-enrollment behavior of first-year students at a public Midwestern university. Using the student choice construct, modern college choice theory, and the constructs of habitus, human capital, financial capital, social capital, cultural capital, along with background variables such as gender and locus of control,…

  20. Fall Enrollment Report. 2014

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iowa Department of Education, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This report summarizes and analyzes fall enrollment in Iowa's community colleges. Each year, Iowa's 15 community colleges submit data on enrollment on the 10th business day of the fall semester. Some highlights from this report include: (1) Fall 2014 enrollment was 93,772 students--a decline of 0.49 percent from last fall; (2) Enrollment continues…

  1. The Case for Dual Enrollment--A Model for College Access

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Roger N.

    2010-01-01

    In Patrick County Public Schools in Patrick County, Virginia, in 2007, one of the goals that developed for the school district was to increase the opportunities for students to enroll in dual enrollment programs. The dual enrollment model is not new to Virginia's secondary educational program. This model has been available to Virginia students…

  2. Overcoming Barriers to College Enrollment, Persistence, and Perceptions for Urban High School Students in a College Preparatory Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knaggs, Christine M.; Sondergeld, Toni A.; Schardt, Becky

    2015-01-01

    Although research shows college preparatory programs' effectiveness regarding academic achievement and college awareness, much less is known about whether programs affect college attendance and persistence. GEAR UP (Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs) and other college preparatory programs claim that this is a…

  3. Access and Diversity in the Running Start Program: A Comparison of Washington's Running Start Program to Other State Level Dual Enrollment Programs Hosted on a College Campus

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Karl

    2014-01-01

    Since 1990, high school students in Washington have had the choice of earning college credit through the Running Start program. Running start is a dual enrollment and dual credit program that allows eleventh and twelfth grade high school students to take college courses at any of Washington's 34 community and technical colleges, Central Washington…

  4. The Academic Consequences of Employment for Students Enrolled in Community College. CCRC Working Paper No. 46

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dadgar, Mina

    2012-01-01

    College students are increasingly combining studying with paid employment, and community college students tend to work even longer hours compared with students at four-year colleges. Yet, there is little evidence on the academic consequences of community college students' term-time employment. Using a rare administrative dataset from Washington…

  5. Social Capital and the College Enrollment Process: How Can a School Program Make a Difference?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephan, Jennifer L.

    2013-01-01

    Background: College attendance has become a crucial determinant of life chances in U.S. society. Besides college costs and academic preparation, college-related cultural and social capital may help explain socioeconomic differences in whether and where students attend college. While high school counselors are seen as potential agents of social…

  6. Enrolled Students' Evaluation of Miami-Dade Community College Services. Research Report #94-10R.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Sylvia K.

    In winter 1994, a study was conducted at Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC), in Florida, to determine credit students' perceptions of college services. Surveys were distributed to students in 200 credit courses requesting ratings for 21 college services with respect to the importance of the service for their "ideal" college and their level of…

  7. Does the Number of College Credits Earned in a Tech Prep and Postsecondary Enrollment Options Program Predict College Success?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Bruce A.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine a Tech Prep Program located in Northwest Ohio and determine the degree to which college credits earned in high school through the Tech Prep and PSEO Programs predict college success and if there were any significant gender/race differences in credits earned and college success as well as high school…

  8. Staff Development for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, Barbara E.; Weckmueller, Beth L.

    1991-01-01

    Many college and university student service units consider staff development peripheral to their primary mission and not cost effective, especially in lean financial times. However, recent trends in business suggest this assumption is false, and ultimately costly. The University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, experience found development efforts empower…

  9. Role of Community Colleges in the Implementation of Postsecondary Education Enrollment Policies for Undocumented Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nienhusser, H. Kenny

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the case of how the City University of New York (CUNY)--its central administrative offices and two of its community colleges--has addressed the issue of college access for undocumented immigrants in its implementation of New York's college in-state resident tuition (ISRT) policy for this population. It highlights the…

  10. Contesting the Space between High School and College in the Era of Dual-Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tinberg, Howard; Nadeau, Jean-Paul

    2011-01-01

    In the new century, calls to promote "college readiness" among high school students have accelerated to a degree that would have astonished even the privileged and powerful colleges of the past. The most conspicuous evidence for such acceleration is the increasing popularity among schools, students, and colleges alike of dual-credit programs,…

  11. Who Enrolls in Two-Year Colleges? A National Study of Price Response

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokes, Timothy; Somers, Patricia

    2009-01-01

    The authors examine the factors that influence the college choice process of two-year college students and explore the effect these variables have on the two-year/four-year college choice dichotomy, using the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS) of 1995-96 and the Beginning Postsecondary (BPS) component of that survey. This study…

  12. Dual Credit Enrollment and GPA by Ethnicity and Gender at Texas 2-Year Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Robert D., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this investigation was to determine the extent to which differences were present in dual credit course enrollment. Specifically examined were whether differences were present in the first semester GPA and at the end of the first two semesters for students who enrolled in dual credit courses while in high school from…

  13. Projected Enrollment Demand at California's Independent Colleges and Universities. Executive Summary. Report 10-16

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California Postsecondary Education Commission, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The California Postsecondary Education Commission (CPEC) has recently completed a series of enrollment demand projections for higher education in California. The projections show that enrollment demand at the independent universities will grow to 150,000 students by 2019, an increase of nearly 21,000 from current levels. Although UC (University of…

  14. The Impact of Tuition Pricing Changes on the Balance of Enrollment among Christian Religious Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohern, Saundra

    2010-01-01

    The problem addressed in the current study was an enrollment decline for numerous private institutions. Using data obtained from the United States Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, the purpose of the quantitative correlational study was to examine the impact of enrollment substitution within peer…

  15. Enrollment or "Enrolment": Strategic Enrollment Management in the United States and Canada

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Clayton; Gottheil, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Since the early 1990s, Canadian registrars, admissions officers and student affairs professionals have traveled to U.S.-based conferences in search of the holy grail of enrollment management, finding it at the AACRAO Annual Meeting, AACRAO Strategic Enrollment Management (SEM) Conference, and other meetings sponsored by Noel-Levitz, SEM Works, the…

  16. NASA scientific and technical information for the 1990s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cotter, Gladys A.

    1990-01-01

    Projections for NASA scientific and technical information (STI) in the 1990s are outlined. NASA STI for the 1990s will maintain a quality bibliographic and full-text database, emphasizing electronic input and products supplemented by networked access to a wide variety of sources, particularly numeric databases.

  17. Nonmetro Poverty: Assessing the Effect of the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jolliffe, Dean

    2003-01-01

    During the 1990s, the poverty rate in nonmetropolitan areas declined to a record low of 13.4 percent. Drawing on census data, aspects of nonmetro poverty during the 1990s are outlined, including effects of urbanization, regional differences, racial and ethnic differences, importance of family structure, needs for assistance and human services,…

  18. A Survey of the Characteristics and Motivating Factors of Male Students Enrolled in Selected Certificate Occupational Curricula at Daytona Beach Junior College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawthorne, William R.

    A questionnaire was administered to 167 male students enrolled in occupational programs at Daytona Beach Junior College (Florida) to determine what factors influenced their enrollment. The responses of 121 students under 27 years of age were analyzed. Specific findings indicate that the typical student is a high school graduate, white, and between…

  19. Exploring the Impact of Learning Communities at a Community College: An Effort to Support Students Enrolled in a Developmental Math Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    VonHandorf, Teri A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed-methods participatory action research study was to explore the impact of learning communities on students enrolled in the lowest level of developmental math at a two-year college. The learning community consisted of twenty-three students who were enrolled in both a student success course (GEN102) and a developmental math…

  20. Stepping Stones to a Degree: The Impact of Enrollment Pathways and Milestones on Older Community College Student Outcomes. CCRC Brief Number 32

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Crosta, Peter; Bailey, Thomas; Jenkins, Davis

    2006-01-01

    This Brief reports on a new study that begins to fill this research gap. Using longitudinal unit record transcript data on a cohort of first-time community college students in Florida, the study sought to determine whether remedial pathways, such as enrolling in a developmental math course, and enrollment milestones, such as completing a certain…

  1. Follow-Up Study of Students Who Enrolled in Small Business Non-Credit Courses at Harper College. Volume XXIV, Number 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, John A.; Soto, Linda

    As part of a review of its Small Business Management courses and seminars, William Rainey Harper College in Illinois conducted a study of students currently enrolled in spring 1995 and students who had enrolled from fall 1993 to fall 1994 to determine the students' characteristics, the effectiveness of marketing efforts, and students' perceptions…

  2. A Demographic Study of Students Enrolled in Library-Based Courses at Black Hawk College, Moline, Illinois, June 1, 1975, to February 3, 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Mary A.

    This study surveys student characteristics of age, sex, use of veterans' benefits, employment and enrollment status, and residence for students enrolled in Black Hawk College's cooperative program with the River Bend Library System to offer individualized courses, primarily on videocassette, in area public libraries. It concludes that the program…

  3. Impact of the Adoption of Tobacco-Free Campus Policies on Student Enrollment at Colleges and Universities, North Carolina, 2001-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Kimberly D.; Yu, Dongqing; Lee, Joseph G. L.; Ranney, Leah M.; Simons, Daniel J.; Goldstein, Adam O.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: College and university administrators have expressed concern that adoption of tobacco-free policies may reduce applications and enrollment. This study examines adoption and implementation of 100% tobacco-free campus policies by institutions of higher education on applications and enrollment. Participants: North Carolina private colleges…

  4. The Dynamics of Postsecondary Expansion in the 1990s. Report of the Executive Director. Report 90-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Kenneth B.

    In this report, the executive director of the California State Postsecondary Education Commission summarizes the major demographic and political forces that will likely affect the shape of higher education leadership in California during the 1990s. The report discusses the implications of increased enrollment pressures on educational equity,…

  5. Repeated Course Enrollments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Windham, Patricia

    This report resents tables of repeated course enrollment data in Florida community colleges for the fall 1993 cohort. Overall, the percent of repeats in college preparatory courses was greater than that of college credit courses. Within ICS codes, the highest percentage of credit repeat enrollments was in mathematics; the second highest was in…

  6. Effect of College Health Course Enrollment on Interest, Knowledge and Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finley, Britney A.

    2009-01-01

    Health of college students is a national public health concern, however general health courses which cover topics of concern such as responsible sexual behaviors, alcoholism, drug abuse, tobacco use, nutrition, weight management, cardiovascular health, and mental health issues are rarely a required course for college students. University health…

  7. Community College Funding 2008-09. Enrollment Growth Outpaces Resources. Issue Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Brian; Leichty, Julian

    2009-01-01

    California community colleges are expected to provide a broad range of affordable educational opportunities to an increasing number of students, but the current system does not have sufficient funding to serve them all well. This report describes present budgetary sources and explains that colleges receive mostly discretionary funding. With the…

  8. Why Are Recent College Graduates Underemployed? University Enrollments and Labor-Market Realities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vedder, Richard; Denhart, Christopher; Robe, Jonathan

    2013-01-01

    Increasing numbers of recent college graduates are ending up in relatively low-skilled jobs that, historically, have gone to those with lower levels of educational attainment. This study examines this phenomenon in some detail, concluding: (1) About 48 percent of employed U.S. college graduates are in jobs that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)…

  9. Amotivation: Factors Influencing Motivation and Persistence of Students Enrolled in a Community College Developmental Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Kerri D.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this two-part qualitative study was to examine the factors associated with developmental education student persistence at a 2-year college. The population for this study included 63 students that were currently taking at least one developmental education course at a community college in Northern Kentucky. The initial data collection…

  10. Why Do Colleges become Universities? Mission Drift and the Enrollment Economy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaquette, Ozan

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes mission drift in baccalaureate colleges. "Becoming a university," defined as a change in organizational name (e.g., Aurora College becomes Aurora University), symbolizes the transition from a liberal arts mission to a comprehensive university mission. Mission drift is conceptualized as a form of "divergent…

  11. Dual Enrollment Lessons and the Development of The New Community College at CUNY

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meade, Tracy

    2012-01-01

    In March 2008, The City University of New York (CUNY) Chancellor Matthew Goldstein formally launched an initiative to create the university's seventh community college. The development of the concept for this new college is informed in part by the knowledge and practices acquired through working with high school and GED students. Specifically,…

  12. Dual Enrollment: An Integration Strategy for College Persistence and Achievement among First-Generation Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, Alisha Renee

    2015-01-01

    Educational and political leaders across the nation seek to create a more educated population in order to compete in a global technology-oriented society and to increase earning potential of workers. Colleges and universities are currently seeking ways to increase persistence and achievement in order to produce more college graduates. Georgia's…

  13. Learning in the Shadows and in the Light of Day: A Commentary on "Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grodsky, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Buchmann, Condron and Roscigno argue in their article, "Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment," that the activities in which students engage to prepare for college entrance exams are forms of shadow education, a means by which more advantaged parents seek to pass their privileged status along to their…

  14. What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "Looking Beyond Enrollment: The Causal Effect of Need-Based Grants on College Access, Persistence, and Graduation"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    This study examined whether eligibility for the Florida Student Access Grant, a need-based grant for low-income students in Florida, affects college enrollment, credit accumulation, persistence over time in college, and, eventually, graduation. The sample for this study included seniors in Florida public high schools in 1999-2000 who submitted a…

  15. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1979. Full-Time and Part-Time Enrollments for Fall 1977 and Fall 1978.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Fontelle, Ed.

    Based upon a questionnaire survey of two-year institutions conducted by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,234 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, as well as 1977 and 1978 statistics on enrollments and personnel for each.…

  16. Stepping Stones to a Degree: The Impact of Enrollment Pathways and Milestones on Community College Student Outcomes. CCRC Working Paper Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calcagno, Juan Carlos; Crosta, Peter; Bailey, Thomas; Jenkins, Davis

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a study of the experiences and outcomes of older and younger community college students. We developed a discrete-time hazard model using longitudinal transcript data on a cohort of first-time community college students in Florida to compare the impact of enrollment pathways (such as remediation) and enrollment…

  17. What Students Don't Know May Hurt Them: The Influence of Low-Income Students' Pre-College Perceptions on the First Year of Postsecondary Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jager-Hyman, Joie

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this mixed-methods study is to investigate the perceptions that students have about the academic and financial aspects of college, the reality they experience during their first year of college enrollment, and how, if at all, they handle any misperceptions they may have had over the course of their first year. Data (three surveys,…

  18. How Late Is Too Late? The Influence of Summer Outreach on FAFSA Completion and College Enrollment for the Uncommitted High School Graduate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owen, Laura; Bettinger, Eric; Long, Bridget Terry; Oreopoulos, Phil

    2013-01-01

    Despite increases in postsecondary enrollment at American universities and colleges, there are still significant gaps in who matriculates to college and persists through graduation. Low-income students and students of color continue to be underrepresented in institutions of higher education; for many of these students, a lack of awareness of…

  19. What Works in Student Retention? Fourth National Survey. Four-Year Colleges and Universities with Twenty Percent or More Black Students Enrolled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the findings for four year colleges and universities with twenty percent or more Black students enrolled that participated in ACT's 2010 What Works in Student Retention survey. The report contains information pertinent to only these institutions. Appendices include: (1) Data for Four Year Colleges and Universities with greater…

  20. What Works in Student Retention? Fourth National Survey. Four-Year Colleges & Universities with Twenty Percent or More Hispanic Students Enrolled

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ACT, Inc., 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report presents the findings for colleges and universities with twenty percent or more Hispanic students enrolled that participated in ACT's 2010 What Works in Student Retention survey. The report contains information pertinent to only these institutions. Appendices include: (1) Data for Four-Year Colleges/Universities with greater than or…

  1. Stemming the Tide of Summer Melt: An Experimental Study of the Effects of Post-High School Summer Intervention on Low-Income Students' College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castleman, Benjamin L.; Arnold, Karen; Lynk Wartman, Katherine

    2012-01-01

    The summer after high school graduation is a largely unexamined stage of college access among underrepresented populations in higher education. Yet two recent studies revealed that anywhere from 10% to 40% of low-income students who have been accepted to college and signaled their intent to enroll reconsider where, and even whether, to matriculate…

  2. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1981. Full-Time and Part-Time Enrollments for Fall, 1979, and Fall, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gernhart, Jack C., Ed.

    Based upon a questionnaire survey of two-year institutions conducted by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,231 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, as well as 1979 and 1980 statistics on enrollments and personnel for each.…

  3. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1978. Full-Time and Part-Time Enrollments for Fall 1976 and Fall 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Sandra L., Ed.

    Based upon a questionnaire survey of two-year institutions conducted by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,235 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, as well as 1976 and 1977 statistics on enrollments and personnel for each.…

  4. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1980. Full-Time and Part-Time Enrollments for Fall 1978 and Fall 1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilbert, Fontelle, Ed.

    Based upon a questionnaire survey of two-year institutions conducted by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,230 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, as well as 1978 and 1979 statistics on enrollments and personnel for each.…

  5. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1975. Period Covering October 1973-August 1974 and Full-Time and Part-Time Fall Enrollments for 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Sandra L., Ed.

    Based upon a survey conducted in 1974 by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,203 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, including 1973 and 1974 data on enrollments and personnel. Following introductory material on the compilation of…

  6. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1977. Full-Time and Part-Time Enrollments for Fall 1975 and Fall 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Sandra L., Ed.

    Based upon data gathered annually by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,233 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, including 1975 and 1976 statistics on enrollments and personnel. Following introductory material on the purposes of…

  7. Community, Junior, and Technical College Directory, 1976. Period Covering October 1974-August 1975 and Full-Time and Part-Time Fall Enrollments for 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drake, Sandra L., Ed.

    Based upon data gathered annually by the American Association of Community and Junior Colleges (AACJC), this directory provides information on 1,230 community, junior, and technical colleges in the United States and its territories, including 1974 and 1975 statistics on enrollments and personnel. Following introductory material on the purposes of…

  8. College to High School: Kentucky's Dual Enrollment Alternative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephenson, Lisa G.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter provides an overview of results from a recent qualitative study of two Middle College High Schools in Kentucky. The qualitative study utilized Rapid Assessment Process to identify essential elements needed to implement and maintain educational partnerships.

  9. Noncredit Education in Community College: Students, Course Enrollments, and Academic Outcomes. CCRC Working Paper No. 84

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xu, Di; Ran, Xiaotao

    2015-01-01

    The past two decades have seen a noticeable increase in noncredit instructional offerings in postsecondary education. While noncredit programs have been advocated as a promising way to address educational equity, knowledge about the noncredit sector, such as the types of students enrolled in noncredit courses and their academic outcomes, is…

  10. Direct Enrollments at Twenty-two Colleges and Universities Test Society's Confidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chunlin, Yuan

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the direct admission process and the selection criteria set by the tertiary institutions in China. As the name suggests, "direct admissions" means that it is up to the institution to decide which students to enroll. Tertiary institutions also have the right to decide the number of admissions, and not all schools are able to…

  11. Factors That Militate against Non-Traditional, Technical College Students Enrolling in an Initial Remedial Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandau, Ann M.

    2013-01-01

    While there has been a substantial amount of research focused on underprepared non-traditional students who have withdrawn or persisted in remedial education coursework, little research has been conducted on underprepared, non-traditional students who choose not to enroll after being referred to remedial studies. In light of this gap in the…

  12. Stop-out or Drop-out? An Examination of College Withdrawals and Re-Enrollments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woosley, Sherry

    2004-01-01

    The withdrawal policies of many universities are based on the supposition that being able to withdraw without grade point repercussions will encourage students to return to the institution at a later date. This study focused on withdrawing students and examined the differences between those who re-enroll after a withdrawal and those who do not.…

  13. Head Start on College: Dual Enrollment Strategies in New England, 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Nancy; Robins, Amy

    2005-01-01

    The Nellie Mae Education Foundation asked Jobs for the Future to explore the degree to which secondary and postsecondary institutions in the six New England states are implementing dual enrollment. This report of the findings of that research focuses on secondary/postsecondary systems and programs serving the second population--those who may not…

  14. Modeling Comparative Daily Enrollment Indicators To Aid Intelligent College Decisions. AIR 2001 Annual Forum Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lajubutu, Oyebanjo A.

    This paper shows how three critical enrollment indicators drawn from a relationship database were used to guide planning and management decisions. The paper discusses the guidelines for the development of the model, attributes needed, variables to be calculated, and other issues that may improve the effectiveness and efficiency of daily enrollment…

  15. Concurrent Enrollment of High School Students in College: A Status Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vernon, Christie D.

    A survey was conducted of at least two educational agencies in each state and territory of the United States in order to determine state policies on concurrent enrollment. Six states did not respond; 17 indicated that there was no statewide policy and that such matters were determined on a local level by boards of trustees or individual…

  16. An Approach to Engaging Students in a Large-Enrollment, Introductory STEM College Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swap, Robert J.; Walter, Jonathan A.

    2015-01-01

    While it is clear that engagement between students and instructors positively affects learning outcomes, a number of factors make such engagement difficult to achieve in large-enrollment introductory courses. This has led to pessimism among some education professionals regarding the degree of engagement possible in these courses. In this paper we…

  17. Bridging College and Careers: Using Dual Enrollment to Enhance Career and Technical Education Pathways. NCPR Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Olga; Hughes, Katherine L.; Belfield, Clive

    2012-01-01

    The Concurrent Courses Initiative (CCI), supported by The James Irvine Foundation from 2008 to 2011, funded a selection of secondary-postsecondary partnerships in California to implement or enhance career-focused dual enrollment programs. These programs specifically targeted youth who were low-income, struggling academically, or within populations…

  18. Learning-style preferences of Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in an introductory biology course

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sarantopoulos, Helen D.

    Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify, according to the Productivity Environment Preference Survey (PEPS) instrument, which learning-style domains (environmental, emotional, sociological, and physiological) were favored among Latino/Hispanic community college students enrolled in introductory biology classes in a large, urban community college. An additional purpose of this study was to determine whether statistically significant differences existed between the learning-style preferences and the demographic variables of age, gender, number of prior science courses, second language learner status, and earlier exposure to scientific information. Methodology. The study design was descriptive and ex post facto. The sample consisted of a total of 332 Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in General Biology 3. Major findings. The study revealed that Latino/Hispanic students enrolled in introductory biology at a large urban community college scored higher for the learning preference element of structure. Students twenty-five years and older scored higher for the learning preference elements of light, design, persistence, responsibility, and morning time (p <= 0.05). Females scored higher in the preference elements of (a) light, (b) temperature (warmth), (c) authority and (d) auditory (p <= 0.05). Significant differences were found for the elements of sound, warmth, motivation, several ways, and intake between the students with no prior science coursework and those who completed more than one (p <= 0.05). No significant learning-style preferences were found between second English language learners and those who learned English as their primary language (p <= 0.05). Students who frequently read science articles scored higher for the elements of motivation, persistence, responsibility, and tactile (p <= 0.05). Conclusions and recommendations. The conclusions were that Latino/Hispanic students need detailed guidance and clearly stated course objectives. The

  19. The Role of Online Homework in Low-Enrollment College Introductory Physics Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lazarova, Krassi

    2015-01-01

    Studying physics for nonphysics majors at college level is usually a process of learning new problem-solving skills and sometimes seems a frustrating experience. In an attempt to provide students with more learning resources, online homework was required to supplement the instruction. This study reveals the role of the online homework assignments…

  20. Supply and Demand in the Higher Education Market: College Enrollment. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kumar, Amal; Hurwitz, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Higher education in the United States is a complex and multilayered system where open-access community colleges coexist with highly selective, 4-year institutions to which only a handful of students each year gain access. Each institution plays a unique role in this marketplace, and students across the spectrum engage with the system at…

  1. ConfChem Conference on Flipped Classroom: Flipping at an Open-Enrollment College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butzler, Kelly B.

    2015-01-01

    The flipped classroom is a blended, constructivist learning environment that reverses where students gain and apply knowledge. Instructors from K-12 to the college level are interested in the prospect of flipping their classes, but are unsure how and with which students to implement this learning environment. There has been little discussion…

  2. Using State Assessments for Predicting Student Success in Dual-Enrollment College Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kingston, Neal M.; Anderson, Gretchen

    2013-01-01

    Scores on state standards-based assessments are readily available and may be an appropriate alternative to traditional placement tests for assigning or accepting students into particular courses. Many community colleges do not require test scores for admissions purposes but do require some kind of placement scores for first-year English and math…

  3. The Lived Experience of Nurses Enrolled in the Regents College Nursing Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dailey, Mary Ann

    1994-01-01

    Reflection by 15 nurses in the Regents College Nursing Program, an external degree program based on four criterion-referenced tests, uncovered motivations for selecting the program, clarified such needs as support networks and learning resources, and revealed a pervasive pattern of stress that affected exam preparation and performance. (SK)

  4. Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchmann, Claudia; Condron, Dennis J.; Roscigno, Vincent J.

    2010-01-01

    Cross-national research finds that "shadow education"--educational activities outside of formal schooling--tends to confer advantages on already privileged students. Shadow education in the United States, such as test prep for college entrance exams, has received considerably less attention. Drawing on the National Education Longitudinal Study, we…

  5. College Student Perceptions of Psychology as a Science as a Function of Psychology Course Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pettijohn, Terry F., II; Pettijohn, Terry F.; Brenneman, Miranda M.; Glass, Jamie N.; Brito, Gabriela R.; Terranova, Andrew M.; Kim, JongHan; Meyersburg, C. A.; Piroch, Joan

    2015-01-01

    College students (N = 297) completed a perceptions of psychology as a science survey before and after completion of psychology courses. Psychology as a science scores increased significantly from the beginning to the end of the research methods courses, but scores in introductory psychology courses did not change and scores for students in…

  6. Handbook for Parents Enrolled in Parent Education Cooperative Groups. Columbia Basin College Parent Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Debban, Barbara, Comp.; And Others

    This handbook is intended for parents in the Parent Education Program at Columbia Basin College (CBC), Washington. It is designed to help them learn about their role as a participating parent, as an assistant teacher, as a group member, and as a student in a parent education cooperative group. The importance of parent education is emphasized. A…

  7. A Demographic and Student Outcomes Profile of AFDC Students Enrolled in Los Rios Colleges: Fall 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beachler, Judith; La, Minh

    The four reports collected in this document describe the characteristics and academic outcomes of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients attending California's Los Rios Community College District as of the end of fall 1996. The first report describes the characteristics of AFDC recipients and legal immigrant AFDC recipients…

  8. Determinants of College Physical Education Class Enrollment: Implications for High School Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hildebrand, Kathryn M.; Johnson, Dewayne J.

    2001-01-01

    Examined whether college students participated in physical activities in which they had had positive prior experiences and felt competent performing, administering surveys on their reasons for taking physical activity classes and their perceptions of the quality of their high school physical education. Reasons for taking physical activity classes…

  9. Dual Enrollment: Breaking the Mold for College Readiness and Persistence in an Urban Charter School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Robert Lemoyne

    2011-01-01

    In the later part of the twentieth century, the continued growth in high school and college dropout rates led to the development of educational reform measures that would address an education model that was seen as applicable to a disproportionate percentage of the nation's students, thereby leaving the majority of schools and their students…

  10. A Descriptive Look at College Enrollment and Degree Completion of Baltimore City Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Durham, Rachel E.; Westlund, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Earning a college degree increases a person's life outcomes in income, employment, health, and quality of life. The average person with a bachelor's degree earns almost twice as much as a high school graduate and nearly triple that of someone who did not finish high school. The unemployment rate for people with bachelor's degrees is about…

  11. Growing Enrollment with Kindness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowling, Earl E.

    2015-01-01

    "While community college enrollment has generally declined by about 2 or 3 percent annually in recent years--due to some extent to the improving economy--some colleges have bucked the trend" (Ashford 2015). What made the difference? Like many community colleges, College of DuPage has been concerned with access and affordability. The…

  12. Dual Enrollment for High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Linsey; Hughes, Katherine

    2011-01-01

    Dual enrollment programs allow high school students to enroll in college courses and potentially earn college credit. The term concurrent enrollment is sometimes used interchangeably with dual enrollment, and sometimes to refer to a particular model of dual enrollment. In some programs, students earn high school and college credit simultaneously;…

  13. Decline of subpolar North Atlantic circulation during the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Häkkinen, Sirpa; Rhines, Peter B

    2004-04-23

    Observations of sea surface height reveal that substantial changes have occurred over the past decade in the mid- to high-latitude North Atlantic Ocean. TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter data show that subpolar sea surface height increased during the 1990s, and the geostrophic velocity derived from altimeter data exhibits declining subpolar gyre circulation. Combining the data from earlier satellites, we find that subpolar circulation may have been weaker in the late 1990s than in the late 1970s and 1980s. Direct current-meter observations in the boundary current of the Labrador Sea support the weakening circulation trend of the 1990s and, together with hydrographic data, show that the mid- to late 1990s decline extends deep in the water column. Analysis of the local surface forcing suggests that the 1990s buoyancy forcing has a dynamic effect consistent with altimetric and hydrographic observations: A weak thermohaline forcing allows the decay of the domed structure of subpolar isopycnals and weakening of circulation. PMID:15087505

  14. Reading the Enrollment Barometer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centra, John A.

    1979-01-01

    Various enrollment projections for higher education and factors affecting enrollment are discussed, such as the job market for college graduates, inflation and tuition costs, student aid, the size of the college-age population, women and minority students, and military recruitment. (JMD)

  15. Community College Students' Health Insurance Enrollment, Maintenance, and Talking With Parents Intentions: An Application of the Reasoned Action Approach.

    PubMed

    Huhman, Marian; Quick, Brian L; Payne, Laura

    2016-05-01

    A primary objective of health care reform is to provide affordable and quality health insurance to individuals. Currently, promotional efforts have been moderately successful in registering older, more mature adults yet comparatively less successful in registering younger adults. With this challenge in mind, we conducted extensive formative research to better understand the attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control of community college students. More specifically, we examined how each relates to their intentions to enroll in a health insurance plan, maintain their current health insurance plan, and talk with their parents about their parents having health insurance. In doing so, we relied on the revised reasoned action approach advanced by Fishbein and his associates (Fishbein & Ajzen, 2010; Yzer, 2012, 2013). Results showed that the constructs predicted intentions to enroll in health insurance for those with no insurance and for those with government-sponsored insurance and intentions to maintain insurance for those currently insured. Our study demonstrates the applicability of the revised reasoned action framework within this context and is discussed with an emphasis on the practical and theoretical contributions. PMID:27054607

  16. Comparison of Career Concerns among College Women and Men Enrolled in Biological and Physical Sciences

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dodson, Maria

    The underrepresentation of women enrolled in the physical sciences continues to challenge academic leaders despite over 40 years of programming to promote gender equity within these curricula. This study employed a quantitative, causal comparative method to explore if and to what extent career concerns differed among female and male undergraduate physical and biological science students. The theory of planned behavior and life-span, life-space theory served as the theoretical framework for the study. Quantitative survey data were collected from 43 students at four institutions across the United States. The findings indicated that undergraduate women in physical science programs of study had a significantly different level of concern about the Innovating sub-category of the third stage of career development, Maintenance, as compared to undergraduate women in biological science curricula [F(1,33) = 6.244, p = 0.018]. Additionally, there was a statistically significant difference between female undergraduate physical science students and undergraduate male science students in the sub-categories of Implementation [F(1,19) = 7.228, p = 0.015], Advancing [F(1,19) = 11.877, p = 0.003], and Innovating [F(1,19) = 11.782, p = 0.003] within the first three stages of career development (Exploration, Establishment, and Maintenance). The comparative differences among the study groups offers new information about undergraduate career concerns that may contribute to the underrepresentation of women enrolled in the physical sciences. Suggestions for future research and programs within higher education targeted at reducing the career concerns of current and prospective female students in physical science curricula are discussed.

  17. Enrollment and Budget Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connecticut Community Coll. System, Hartford.

    This document discusses Fall 2001 enrollment and budget trends for Connecticut Community Colleges. It provides a map of the geographic planning regions as well as the geographic distribution of credit enrollments for the regions. The document shows the total credit enrollment for Fall 2001 was 42,642 students, which consisted of 28% full time and…

  18. Financing American Higher Education in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hauptman, Arthur M.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews major issues in the financing of higher education in the 1990s, including overall resource level, revenue patterns (state and local financial commitment, federal funding, student charges, endowment income and private giving), and the changing role of student aid. Also examines issues as they affect different sectors or institution types.…

  19. Education and Inequalities in Rural Vietnam in the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belanger, Daniele; Liu, Jianye

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the determinants of children's schooling during the 1990s in rural areas of Vietnam. It focuses on the impact of family attributes on the likelihood of children remaining in school or leaving during the primary and secondary school years. Using data from the Vietnam Living Standard Survey (VLSS) of 1992-93 and 1997-98, the…

  20. Preparing Schools for the 1990s: An Essay Collection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metropolitan Life Foundation.

    Education has emerged as a leading national issue for the 1990s. To address some of the current and future issues facing education, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company asked members of the Metropolitan Life Foundation Education Advisory Council to articulate their views about recent and future directions in public-school-improvement efforts. This…

  1. Changing Contexts for Counselor Preparation in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackney, Harold, Ed.

    The five chapters in this monograph provide guidelines for counselors in the 1990s who will be faced with such societal issues as substance abuse, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), teenage pregnancy, youth unemployment, homelessness, crime and delinquency, and school dropouts. "The Contemporary Counselor in a Changed World" (Harold…

  2. Prospects for Physics in the 1990's Surveyed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Arthur L.

    1986-01-01

    A National Academy of Science report ("Physics Through the 1990's") says that American physics has been a highly diversified and productive enterprise, but continued excellence cannot be taken for granted. Progress in six subfields (elementary particle, nuclear, condensed-matter, atomic/molecular, plasma/fluid, and gravitation/cosmology physics)…

  3. Education in the 1990's: A Demographic View.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garcia, Ernest F.

    Since 1975, the United States has experienced the largest wave of immigration since the beginning of the century. This demographic fact holds important implications for education in the 1990s. First, because the birthrate among recent immigrants is relatively high, an increasing number of first generation Americans will enter the school system. As…

  4. Child Poverty Was Lower at End of 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Carolyn C.

    2001-01-01

    Poverty rates increased in the early 1990s, but between 1994 and 1999 the metro child poverty rate declined 6 percentage points and the nonmetro rate declined 4 percent. In 1999, the poverty rate for nonmetro Black children was about double that of nonmetro White children, but the Black-White gap in poverty narrowed between 1985 and 1999. (TD)

  5. English Loanwords in the 1990's in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakagawa, Akira

    A sociolinguistic analysis of English loan words in use in the 1990s in the discourse of young Japanese people is presented. The study drew data from a 1993 survey of undergraduate students at two Osaka (Japan) higher education institutions, one for men and one for women, which asked what loanwords students used and heard often. The report first…

  6. Transpersonal Social Work: A Theory for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowley, Au-Deane S.

    1993-01-01

    Notes that transpersonal psychology contains growing body of literature and theory related to spiritual dimension of human nature and higher states of consciousness. Sees this approach as especially relevant for social work practitioners who are combating social ills of 1990s that manifest as violence, addiction, and spiritual malaise. (Author/NB)

  7. Shakespeare for the 1990s: A Multicultural Tempest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey-Webb, Allen

    1993-01-01

    Argues that William Shakespeare's "The Tempest" is the play that is best suited for the high school English curriculum of the 1990s. Discusses historical and critical aspects the play's key themes. Shows ways of using the play in high school classes, and describes 19 works to read alongside of"The Tempest." (HB)

  8. Taking College Courses in High School: A Strategy Guide for College Readiness--The College Outcomes of Dual Enrollment in Texas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Struhl, Ben; Vargas, Joel

    2012-01-01

    States and school districts are searching for strategies to raise the college and career readiness of high school graduates--imperative in an era when postsecondary credentials are the key to good jobs, better pay, and stronger economies. The creation and implementation of higher graduation standards aligned to college and career expectations is…

  9. Headed to College: The Effects of New York City's Small High Schools of Choice on Postsecondary Enrollment. Supplementary Tables for the Policy Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MDRC, 2014

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides a set of four supplementary tables for the policy brief "Headed to College The Effects of New York City's Small High Schools of Choice on Postsecondary Enrollment. Policy Brief". Included are the following table titles: (1) Supplementary Table 1: SSC Effects on Four-Year High School Graduation Rated by Student…

  10. Administrators' Perceptions of Factors Related to Student Retention at Colleges with a Significant Black Student Enrollment Affiliated with the Association for Biblical Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Wesley B.

    2013-01-01

    This study described and explored the factors perceived as relevant to student retention by administrators at colleges and universities with significant Black student populations. The sample was 31 institutions affiliated with the Association for Biblical Higher Education (ABHE) that had Black student enrollment of 20% or more. The study sought to…

  11. The Development and Implementation of an Applied Psychology Course Utilizing Behavior Modification Procedures to Supplement a Community College Reading Program for Open Enrollment Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kahn, Gloria Batkin

    This study attempted to assess the effect of behavior modification techniques on community college open enrollment students with severe educational deficits. Of 30 suburban New York members of a reading class, half were exposed to direct teaching, instructor praise, peer partners, self and peer ratings, role playing, Premack contracts,…

  12. The Influence of Self-Esteem and Selected Demographic Characteristics on First Semester Academic Achievement of Students Enrolled in a College of Agriculture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaspard, Mae B.; Burnett, Michael F.; Gaspard, Camile P.

    2011-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of self-esteem and selected demographic characteristics on academic achievement among students at the freshman level in the College of Agriculture at Louisiana State University. The sample of the study was all students at Louisiana State University enrolled in the Introduction to…

  13. A Study of the Relationship between High School Dual Enrollment Participation and College Persistence, Including Potential Intervening Variables, in Southeast Tennessee

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormick, Kimberly G.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to contribute to the research body of literature regarding dual enrollment, the impact and effectiveness of the program, and its relationship to college persistence. The goal was to provide information useful to governing bodies, educational leaders, parents and students. The theoretical construct, defined through the…

  14. Students Who Drop Out before They Begin: A Study of Potential Community College Students Who Initiate the Registration Process but Fail to Enroll.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, David B.; And Others

    1987-01-01

    Discusses a telephone follow-up survey of individuals who initiated the admission process at College of Lake County (Illinois), comparing students who registered with non-registrants. Reports that job-related, financial, and personal reasons were given for not enrolling. Suggests that poor academic preparation may also have been a factor. (DMM)

  15. A Comparison of Health Risk Behaviors among College Students Enrolled in a Required Personal Health Course vs. an Elective Personal Health Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Theresa M. Enyeart; Skaggs, Gary E.; Redican, Kerry J.

    2008-01-01

    Research on whether health education, specifically personal health classes affects behavior change is inconclusive. In this study, a sample of students from two large southeastern universities enrolled in a required personal health course and an elective personal health course were administered the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey…

  16. Changes in Financial Aid and Student Enrollment at Historically Black Colleges and Universities after the Tightening of PLUS Credit Standards. REL 2015-082

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Matthew; Bruch, Julie; Gill, Brian

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in financial aid and student enrollment at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) after the U.S. Department of Education increased the credit history requirements necessary to obtain Parental Loans for Undergraduate Students (PLUS). The study used institution-level data to examine…

  17. Experimentally Estimated Impacts of School Vouchers on College Enrollment and Degree Attainment. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 15-01

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E.

    2015-01-01

    We provide the first experimental estimates of the long-term impacts of a voucher to attend private school by linking data from a privately sponsored voucher initiative in New York City, which awarded the scholarships by lottery to low-income families, to administrative records on college enrollment and degree attainment. We find no significant…

  18. The Effects of a Combined Reading and Group Counseling Program on Community College Students Enrolled in Reading Improvement Classes. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearson, David T.

    The effects of group counseling upon the reading improvement of students attending a college reading-improvement class were investigated. All students enrolled in the class (56) were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group. Pretest and post-test measures were taken using the following instruments: The Diagnostic Reading Tests, Survey…

  19. A Study Examining the Impact of Vocabulary Instruction on the Vocabulary Growth and Acquisition of Adults Enrolled in a Community College Developmental Reading Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robson, Jodi McGeary

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of four instructional methods--context clues, definition, elaboration technique, or word parts and word families--on the vocabulary growth and acquisition of adults enrolled in a community college developmental reading course. The study investigated whether performance in any or all of the four…

  20. An Analysis of the Equitability of the Full-time Equivalent Enrollment Formula for the Distribution of State Aid Among Iowa Community Colleges.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schorzmann, Eugene F.

    The full-time equivalent enrollment (FTEE) has been a significant factor to Iowa's 15 area community colleges for cost analysis, production comparisons, and for the distribution of state aid. The FTEE formula calculates units of production according to the ratio of reimbursable contact hours (RCH) to total contact hours generated by student…

  1. Changes in Financial Aid and Student Enrollment at Historically Black Colleges and Universities after the Tightening of PLUS Credit Standards. Stated Briefly. REL 2015-088

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Matthew; Bruch, Julie; Gill, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This "Stated Briefly" report is a companion piece that summarizes the results of another report of the same name. The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in financial aid and student enrollment at historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) after the U.S. Department of Education increased the credit history…

  2. Information Systems Enrollments: Challenges and Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Granger, Mary J.; Dick, Geoffrey; Jacobson, Carolyn McKinnell; Van Slyke, Craig

    2007-01-01

    Since the late 1990s, enrollments in Information Technology and Information Systems-related academic programs have declined sharply. This paper addresses possible causes of the enrollment decline, and some of the "myths" regarding careers in IT/IS are dispelled. A number of efforts underway at various universities and professional organizations in…

  3. The Impact of Course Delivery Systems on Student Achievement and Sense of Community: A Comparison of Learning Community versus Stand-Alone Classroom Settings in an Open-Enrollment Inner City Public Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bandyopadhyay, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the effects of two types of course delivery systems (learning community classroom environments versus stand-alone classroom environments) on the achievement of students who were simultaneously enrolled in remedial and college-level social science courses at an inner city open-enrollment public community college. This study was…

  4. Predicting success for college students enrolled in an online, lab-based, biology course for non-majors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foster, Regina

    Online education has exploded in popularity. While there is ample research on predictors of traditional college student success, little research has been done on effective methods of predicting student success in online education. In this study, a number of demographic variables including GPA, ACT, gender, age and others were examined to determine what, if any, role they play in successfully predicting student success in an online, lab-based biology for non-majors course. Within course variables such as participation in specific categories of assignment and frequency of online visits were also examined. Groups of students including Native American/Non-Native American and Digital Immigrants and Digital Natives and others were also examined to determine if overall course success differed significantly. Good predictors of online success were found to be GPA, ACT, previous course experience and frequency of online visits with the course materials. Additionally, students who completed more of the online assignments within the course were more successful. Native American and Non-Native American students were found to differ in overall course success significantly as well. Findings indicate student academic background, previous college experience and time spent with course materials are the most important factors in course success. Recommendations include encouraging enrollment advisors to advise students about the importance of maintaining high academic levels, previous course experience and spending time with course materials may impact students' choices for online courses. A need for additional research in several areas is indicated, including Native American and Non-Native American differences. A more detailed examination of students' previous coursework would also be valuable. A study involving more courses, a larger number of students and surveys from faculty who teach online courses would help improve the generalizability of the conclusions.

  5. Child Labor and School Enrollment in Thailand in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tzannatos, Zafiris

    2003-01-01

    Traces recent trends in child labor, conditions of employment, and schooling in Thailand. Finds, for example, that children withdraw from school and enter labor force because families cannot afford the cost of education. Describes the effect of education subsidies on poor families. Discusses policies and practices to eliminate exploitative forms…

  6. Creating Effective Enrollment Management Systems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossler, Don

    A guide to the development and operation of a college enrollment management system is presented for college administrators. After describing current issues that affect traditional student enrollments, the concept of enrollment management is defined, and its basic elements are introduced, along with broader organizational perspectives such as…

  7. Improved zircon iron corals for the 1990s

    SciTech Connect

    Decker, C. )

    1992-03-01

    CIBA-GEIGY/Drakenfeld Colors is dedicated to the research and development of consistent and cost-effective ceramic stains for the whitewares industry. After identifying the trends in color for the 1990s. CIBA-GEIGY/Drakenfeld Colors initiated an extensive R D project to improve zircon ion corals for the whitewares industry. These color trends indicated a need for stronger and cleaner zircon iron corals. This paper discusses the chemistry and crystal structure of zircon iron corals. A historical review of Drakenfeld corals will also be presented. The most recent development in Drakenfeld corals will then be compared to other commercially available zircon iron corals. Taking into consideration these comparisons, conclusions will be drawn suggesting the coral of choice for the 1990s.

  8. Teaching the Vietnam War in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Franklin, H. Bruce

    For an instructor who has been teaching the Vietnam War for over 30 years, the War has been teaching him for even longer. One of the objectives in teaching the Vietnam War in the 1990s is what it meant to teach the Vietnam War in the 1960s. It is easy to forget that the antiwar movement began as an attempt to educate the government and the nation,…

  9. Flux-vector splitting for the 1990s

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanleer, Bram

    1991-01-01

    The development of flux-vector splitting through the 1970s and 1980s is reviewed. Attention is given to the diffusive nature of flux-vector splitting, which makes it an undesirable technique for approximating the inviscid fluxes in a Navier-Stokes solver. Several proposed improvements, including a brand new one, are discussed and illustrated by a simple, yet revealing, numerical test case. Finally, an outlook for flux-vector splitting in the 1990s is presented.

  10. European satellite in the late 1990's - A BT view

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reed, Antony G.

    The use of mobile satellite services, broadcasting satellite services (including TV distribution services in the FSS bands), and fixed satellite sevices to meet the telecommunications needs of the 1990s is considered. Fixed service satellites can cover low-traffic areas and can handle peak overloads of links in different time zones. Developmental needs have been identified in such areas as 16 Kbits/s encoding with speech interpolation, low-cost satellite business system ground terminals, and multichannel echo control devices.

  11. Transfer Activity, Goals, Background, and College Evaluations of Spring 1992 "Leavers" Enrolled Spring 1992 but Not Fall 1992 at Minnesota's Twin City Area Community Colleges. Metro Pilot Study Report #3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Taylor, Kenneth E.; Flermoen, Cynthia

    A survey was conducted of a random sample of students who had enrolled in one of the seven community colleges in the Twin Cities metro area of Minnesota in spring 1992, but who did not return in fall 1992. A total of 300 students from each of the colleges (i.e., Anoka-Ramsey, Cambridge Center, Inver Hills, Lakewood, Minneapolis, North Hennepin,…

  12. Increasing Enrollment through Profit Sharing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czach, Marie; Aldrich, Bruce H.

    2005-01-01

    Located 25 miles south of Chicago in South Holland, Illinois, South Suburban College (SSC) is one of Illinois's larger community colleges--and one of its more financially challenged. Because tuition dollars and the state reimbursement generated by student enrollment are key to a college's solvency, a slow, steady decline in enrollment was cause…

  13. The Relationship between African American High School Students' Desire to Attend College, Their Perceived Likelihood to Attend College and Actual College Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Makini Lateefah

    2013-01-01

    African American students continue to be an underrepresented population in institutions of higher education. This study uses Mickelson's Attitude-Achievement Paradox to explain the effect of individual and contextual SES, students' sense of belonging, achievement and engagement on student's desire to attend college and perceived likelihood of…

  14. Impact of Educational Development, Family Income, College Costs, and Financial Aid in Student Choice and Enrollment in College. Report No. 77.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Munday, Leo A.

    Relationships among student and college characteristics are studied in conjunction with colleges students chose and attended. Two data sets, one of students who were college bound in 1971-72, and the other of financial aid applicants who were college freshmen in 1972-73, are used. The relation between family income and college cost is examined.…

  15. The Effect of Policy Changes of State Scholarship Programs on Enrollment and Financial Aid Awards to Students Attending Two-Year Technical Colleges in Georgia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitlock, Tonya F.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation is a policy evaluation of the HOPE Grant Program in the state of Georgia. It examines if the HOPE Grant policy change related to the shifts in enrollment and financial aid awards at two-year technical colleges in Georgia. It particularly focuses on the FY2011 policy change where the GPA was raised from a 2.0 to a 3.0 as a…

  16. 1990s bright for post-OPEC Ecuador

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-03-01

    Ecuador, in its first full year outside the fold of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, stands poised for a significant expansion of production in the 1990s. While preparing for Ecuador's eventual withdrawal from OPEC last fall, the government since early summer 1992 has moved quickly to approve a number of key development projects. It was, perhaps, no coincidence that the most important conference on Ecuadorian petroleum prospects in recent years was timed to coincide with the government's public confirmation of the pullout. All foreign companies operating in Ecuador attended, with details disclosed of projects planned or under way. This article summarizes these projects and other key issues raised at the conference.

  17. Helioseismology in the 1980s and 1990s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goode, Philip R.

    2014-02-01

    Over more than twenty years, Wojtek Dziembowski and I collaborated on nearly fifty papers, which were concentrated in helioseismology through the 1980s and 1990s, but extended early into the new century. In this review, I discuss the most significant results of this collaboration and some of the underlying sociology that contributed to the intensity and longevity of our collaboration. Our work began with placing limits on the Sun's buried magnetic field and ended with extracting from the solar-cycle dependent oscillation frequency changes the roles (and net result) of competing dynamical drivers of changes in the solar diameter.

  18. The macroeconomic effects of immigration: Israel in the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Beenstock, M; Fisher, J

    1997-01-01

    "In this paper we try to quantify the contribution of immigration to the Israeli economy during the early 1990s. In doing so we consider the effects of immigration on key macroeconomic variables such as GDP, investment, consumption, the labor market, imports, exports and the housing market....A base-run simulation is prepared for 1990-1994 assuming actual immigration. Thereafter a counterfactual simulation is prepared assuming a reduction in immigration; the difference between the two simulations estimates the contribution of immigration to the relevant endogenous variables." PMID:12293419

  19. Riparian-wetland initiative for the 1990`s

    SciTech Connect

    1990-09-01

    This Riparian-Wetland Initiative for the 1990`s provides a blueprint for management and restoration of those areas encompassing 23.7 million acres of BLM lands. This strategy complements other plans such as Waterfowl Habitat Management on Public Lands, A Strategy for the Future and other interdisciplinary, multi-program, cooeprative efforts. Four goals have been established: to restore and maintain riparian-wetland areas so that 75% or more are in proper functioning condition by 1997, to protect areas through proper land management to avoid or mitigate negative impacts, to ensure an aggressive information program, and to improve partnerships and cooperative restorative and management processes.

  20. Physics through the 1990s: Condensed-matter physics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    The volume presents the current status of condensed-matter physics from developments since the 1970s to opportunities in the 1990s. Topics include electronic structure, vibrational properties, critical phenomena and phase transitions, magnetism, semiconductors, defects and diffusion, surfaces and interfaces, low-temperature physics, liquid-state physics, polymers, nonlinear dynamics, instabilities, and chaos. Appendices cover the connections between condensed-matter physics and applications of national interest, new experimental techniques and materials, laser spectroscopy, and national facilities for condensed-matter physics research. The needs of the research community regarding support for individual researchers and for national facilities are presented, as are recommendations for improved government-academic-industrial relations.

  1. Dual Enrollment Academy Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Nicolas; Chavez, Guadalupe

    2009-01-01

    Dual Enrollment Engineering (DEEA) and Medical Science (DEMSA) Academies are two-year dual enrollment programs for high school students. Students explore engineering and medical careers through college coursework. Students prepare for higher education in engineering and medical fields while completing associate degrees in biology or engineering…

  2. Trends in exclusive breastfeeding: findings from the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Labbok, Miriam H; Wardlaw, Tessa; Blanc, Ann; Clark, David; Terreri, Nancy

    2006-08-01

    This article presents trends and differentials in exclusive breastfeeding patterns that occurred in developing settings during the 1990s and considers these trends in relation to the breastfeeding-support activities in that decade. Between 1990 and 2000, the data suggest that exclusive breast-feeding levels in the developing world increased 15% overall among infants younger than 4 months (from 46% to 53%) and among infants older than 6 months (from 34% to 39%). The increase in urban areas is of special note. Urban areas are presumed to be most susceptible to the ambient health system and social and commercial pressures against breastfeeding; the support activities of the 1990s (eg, the Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative and the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes) were developed to address these pressures. Given this, implementation of the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding, which supports these proven interventions, should be effective in further increasing optimal breast-feeding practices. PMID:16885487

  3. Rewarding Dual Enrollment in Performance-Based Funding Formulas: How States Can Create Incentives for College to High School Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Struhl, Ben

    2013-01-01

    Far too few students who enter college succeed in earning a certificate or degree. States are developing a range of strategies to increase college completion rates. Performance-based funding is an increasingly popular way for states to fund public colleges and universities: Produce more graduates; get more funding. The author suggests that in…

  4. Years of Challenge: The Impact of Demographic and Work Force Trends on Higher Education in the 1990s. A NACUBO Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, K. Scott; And Others

    This report describes national demographic and work force trends that have important implications for institutions and presents recommended management strategies for the 1990s. Among the trends predicted for the next 10 years are the following: (1) a continuing reduction in the traditional 18-24 year-old college-going population; (2) the…

  5. The Work-to-College Transition: Postsecondary Expectations and Enrolment for Young Men and Women in the US Labour Force

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wells, Ryan S.; Bills, David B.; Devlin, Maura E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates early employment influences on postsecondary expectations and enrolment for working men and women who have recently completed high school in the United States. We find that young workers still have very high expectations for postsecondary education, but that women are more likely to enrol. However, this difference is…

  6. Bridging College and Careers: Using Dual Enrollment to Enhance Career and Technical Education Pathways. An NCPR Working Paper

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodriguez, Olga; Hughes, Katherine L.; Belfield, Clive

    2012-01-01

    The Concurrent Courses Initiative (CCI), funded by The James Irvine Foundation from 2008 until 2011, comprised eight secondary/postsecondary partnerships across California that offered dual enrollment programs with supplemental student supports. The goal of the CCI was to expand access to supportive, career-focused dual enrollment for students…

  7. Enrollment Tables.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    University System of Georgia, Atlanta.

    A set of tables is provided summarizing fall enrollment from 1979 through 1988 in the university system of Georgia. The following types of data are provided: headcount enrollment; joint enrollment; developmental studies, freshmen, sophomores, juniors, seniors, graduate students, professional enrollment, transients, others, EFT enrollment, entering…

  8. Student Success and Perceptions of Course Satisfaction in Face-to-Face, Hybrid, and Online Sections of Introductory Biology Classes at Three, Open Enrollment, Two-Year Colleges in Southern Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Joyce Diane

    2013-01-01

    Introductory biology courses at two-year, open enrollment colleges in America are presented in a variety of different course delivery formats. Traditionally, most students have enrolled in seated or face-to-face (F2F) lectures and laboratories. There is increased demand for courses presented online or in a hybrid format, although some studies…

  9. ACTS Multibeam Communications Package - Technology for the 1990S

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graebner, John C.; Cashman, William F.

    1990-01-01

    To maintain its competitive position in the 1990s, satellite communications must evolve to provide new services and to reduce the costs of supplying existing services. NASA's Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS) program is directed toward developing the technology base that will support this evolution. The ACTS communications payload is optimized for digital communications using a time-division multiple access format. Scanning spot-beam antennas provide high-performance on-demand service to the earth communication stations. On-board processing and switching allow full connectivity in a single-hop network architecture. ACTS employs Ka-band (30/20 GHz) links for communications traffic and includes techniques for mitigating rain fades. Scheduled to be launched by a Space Shuttle in 1992, ACTS will provide in-orbit technology verification and support experimental communications networks for up to four years.

  10. European Telecommunications Conference. Strategic Planning for the 1990s

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, J. F.

    1990-06-01

    The European Telecommunications Conference Strategic Planning for the 1990s provided information to delegates and their companies on strategic planning for the European market, particularly after the advent of the European Single Market at the end of 1992. The conference objective was to examine the impact of the initiatives of the European Commission (EC) and the changing attitudes to service provision by public and private sector organizations on industry and marketing. Organized by Blenheim Online and Logica, 40 delegates attended this conference, mainly from Europe, but with a few from the U.S. The papers were designed to illuminate such questions as emerging market sectors, impact of U.S telecommunications organizations in Europe, mergers and acquisition, standards, and value-added services.

  11. Future proton and electron colliders: Dreams for the 1990's

    SciTech Connect

    Richter, B.

    1988-10-01

    In this paper I have reviewed the possibilities for new colliders that might be available in the 1990's. One or more new proton should be available in the late-90s based on plans of Europe, the US and the USSR. The two very high energy machines, LHC and SSC, are quite expensive, and their construction will be more decided by the politicians' view on the availability of resources than by the physicists' view of the need for new machines. Certainly something will be built, but the question is when. New electron colliders beyond LEP II could be available in the late 1990's as well. Most of the people who have looked at this problem believe that at a minimum three years of RandD are required before a proposal can be made, two years will be required to convince the authorities to go ahead, and five years will be required to build such a machine. Thus the earliest time a new electron collider at high energy could be available is around 1988. A strong international RandD program will be required to meet that schedule. In the field of B factories, PSI's proposal is the first serious step beyond the capabilities of CESR. There are other promising techniques but these need more RandD. The least RandD would be required for the asymmetric storage ring systems, while the most would be required for high luminosity linear colliders. For the next decade, high energy physics will be doing its work at the high energy frontier with Tevatron I and II, UNK, SLC, LEP I and II, and HERA. The opportunities for science presented by experiments at these facilities are very great, and it is to be hoped that the pressure for funding to construct the next generation facilities will not badly affect the operating budgets of the ones we now have or which will soon be turning on. 9 refs., 12 figs., 6 tabs.

  12. Enrolled Students' Evaluation of Miami-Dade Community College Educational Goals. Research Report #94-12R.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Sylvia K.

    In winter 1994, a study was conducted at Miami-Dade Community College (M-DCC), in Florida, to determine students' perceptions of the college's educational goals. Surveys were distributed to students in 200 courses, representing 5% of all classes offered in the term. Using a 5-point scale, students were asked to rate both the importance of 20…

  13. A Case Study Examining the Influence of Dual Enrollment and High School Advising on Student Persistence in College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raia-Taylor, Maureen

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative,descriptive single case study describes the problem of student persistence in college through the theoretical lens of Alexander Astin's Theory of Student Involvement, and Vincent Tinto's Theory of Student Departure. The decline in the college retention rate in the United States over the last twenty years and the high…

  14. Using NSC StudentTracker for High Schools Reports: "Considerations for Measuring the College Enrollment Rates of High School Graduates"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Student Clearinghouse, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Thousands of high schools currently use StudentTracker reports from the National Student Clearinghouse Research Center to measure how many of their graduates go on to college, where, and how many persist to graduation. The reports were designed to help schools to measure their success in preparing students for college, and to evaluate the…

  15. Hispanic Student Success: Factors Influencing the Persistence and Transfer Decisions of Latino Community College Students Enrolled in Developmental Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crisp, Gloria; Nora, Amaury

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the impact of a set of theoretically-derived predictor variables on the persistence and transfer of Hispanic community college students. Early models of student persistence have been validated primarily among 4-year college students. While the constructs have been well-established, the relationships of those relevant factors…

  16. Diversity, Situated Social Contexts, and College Enrollment: Multilevel Modeling to Examine Student, High School, and State Influences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Dongbin; Nuñez, Anne-Marie

    2013-01-01

    Whether and where students begin college after high school profoundly affects their degree completion and ultimate educational attainment. Students' college access is influenced not only by individual characteristics, but also by economic, social, and schooling contexts. Accordingly, using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study, 2002…

  17. For-Profit Schools: Experiences of Undercover Students Enrolled in Online Classes at Selected Colleges. A Report to the Chairman, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, U.S. Senate. GAO-12-150

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hillman, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Once comprised of local, sole-proprietor ownership, the nation's for-profit institutions now range from small, privately owned schools to publicly traded corporations. Enrollment in such colleges has grown far faster than in traditional higher-education institutions. Moreover, during the 2009-2010 school year, for-profit colleges received almost…

  18. Anticipating Changes in Enrollment Growth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brightman, Richard W.

    Recent trends in full-time equivalent enrollment (FTE) at the Coast Community College District to the contrary, the District should anticipate a reduction in FTE enrollment growth rates over the next few years and, perhaps, a reduction in FTE enrollments absolutely. Evidence leading to this conclusion consists of reductions in population, high…

  19. The Bellagio Declaration: overcoming hunger in the 1990's.

    PubMed

    Alloo, F; Arizpe, L; Belford, T S; Clark, J; Csanadi, J; Davies, P J; Emmerij, L; George, S; Hyden, G; Jonsson, U

    1989-01-01

    In November 1989, 23 leading hunger experts met in Bellagio, Italy, issues a document called the "Bellagio Declaration: Overcoming Hunger in the 1990s." The report lists 4 achievable goals: eliminate famine deaths; end hunger in half of the world's poorest households; reduce by half malnutrition of mothers and small children; and eradicate iodine and vitamin A deficiencies. Famine deaths can be eliminated by setting up early-warning systems and longer-term relief objectives. The only remaining obstacle is how to prevent warring nations from blocking food deliveries and destroying food. Hunger can be eliminated in half the world's poor households by giving the poor access to resources and credit, rehabilitating degraded ecosystems, using sustainable farming, and using existing markets to distribute food equitably. Malnutrition can be halved by sustained breastfeeding, and supplementation of food and micronutrients. Iodine and vitamin A deficiencies can be eliminated by giving iodized oil injections, vitamin A capsules and iodized salt. Ways of dealing with obstacles such as population, deforestation, soil and water shortages, pollution, global warming and capital deficits in the South are discussed. There is hope that these goals can be attained because of the outbreak of peace and democracy, freeing up substantial portions of the 1 trillion US dollars spent on defense; abatement of feat of worldwide economic collapse; and evolution of a worldwide logistic system to provide emergency food aid. PMID:12343252

  20. Cardiac Exposures in Breast Cancer Radiotherapy: 1950s-1990s

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, Carolyn W. Nisbet, Andrew; McGale, Paul; Darby, Sarah C.

    2007-12-01

    Purpose: To estimate the doses to the heart and coronary arteries from common breast cancer radiotherapy (RT) regimens used worldwide from the 1950s to the 1990s. Methods and Materials: Virtual simulation and computed tomography planning were used to reconstruct the megavoltage and electron regimens. Manual planning was used for the orthovoltage and brachytherapy regimens. Several sources of variability associated with the dose estimates were assessed. Results: Breast or chest wall RT resulted in whole heart doses of 0.9-14 Gy for left-sided and of 0.4-6 Gy for right-sided irradiation. Internal mammary chain RT delivered heart doses of 3-17 Gy and 2-10 Gy for left- and right-sided irradiation, respectively. For most regimens, the dose to the left anterior descending coronary artery was greater than the heart dose. Scar boost, supraclavicular fossa, and axillary RT delivered mean cardiac doses of {<=}3 Gy. The greatest source of variability in estimating dose from a given regimen was patient anatomy. Conclusion: For most techniques, the greatest radiation doses were received by the anterior part of the heart and the left anterior descending coronary artery, a common site of atherosclerosis causing myocardial infarction. Irradiation of these structures might have contributed to the excess risk of death from heart disease seen after some past breast cancer RT regimens.

  1. Computerized structural mechanics for 1990's: Advanced aircraft needs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Viswanathan, A. V.; Backman, B. F.

    1989-01-01

    The needs for computerized structural mechanics (CSM) as seen from the standpoint of the aircraft industry are discussed. These needs are projected into the 1990's with special focus on the new advanced materials. Preliminary design/analysis, research, and detail design/analysis are identified as major areas. The role of local/global analyses in these different areas is discussed. The lessons learned in the past are used as a basis for the design of a CSM framework that could modify and consolidate existing technology and include future developments in a rational and useful way. A philosophy is stated, and a set of analyses needs driven by the emerging advanced composites is enumerated. The roles of NASA, the universities, and the industry are identified. Finally, a set of rational research targets is recommended based on both the new types of computers and the increased complexity the industry faces. Computerized structural mechanics should be more than new methods in structural mechanics and numerical analyses. It should be a set of engineering applications software products that combines innovations in structural mechanics, numerical analysis, data processing, search and display features, and recent hardware advances and is organized in a framework that directly supports the design process.

  2. Educational Inequalities among Latin American Adolescents: Continuities and Changes over the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s

    PubMed Central

    Marteleto, Letícia; Gelber, Denisse; Hubert, Celia; Salinas, Viviana

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to examine recent trends in educational stratification for Latin American adolescents growing up in three distinct periods: the 1980s, during severe recession; the 1990s, a period of structural adjustments imposed by international organizations; and the late 2000s, when most countries in the region experienced positive and stable growth. In addition to school enrollment and educational transitions, we examine the quality of education through enrollment in private schools, an important aspect of inequality in education that most studies have neglected. We use nationally representative household survey data for the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s in Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Uruguay. Our overall findings confirm the importance of macroeconomic conditions for inequalities in educational opportunity, suggesting important benefits brought up by the favorable conditions of the 2000s. However, our findings also call attention to increasing disadvantages associated with the quality of the education adolescents receive, suggesting the significance of the EMI framework—Effectively Maintained Inequality—and highlighting the value of examining the quality in addition to the quantity of education in order to fully understand educational stratification in the Latin American context. PMID:22962512

  3. Breaking the Boundaries: Decision Factors That Lead Male Students to Enroll in Associate Degree Nursing Programs in Illinois Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Resurreccion, Leandro Alcovendaz

    2013-01-01

    Male nurses are but a small percentage of the total nurse population in the United States, and most certainly have potential to increase in numbers if the profession appeared more attractive as a career option for men. The purpose of this research was to discover the decision factors used by males that led them to enroll in Associate Degree…

  4. The Effect of Delayed Enrollment, Regional Wealth, and First-Generation Status on Community College Student Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hines, Sunita Etwaroo

    2014-01-01

    For many students, the path to earning a postsecondary educational degree is often met with personal and social obstacles, but first-generation students are less likely to even enroll in postsecondary education and they have a higher probability for attrition when compared to their counterparts. The purpose of this study was to examine the…

  5. A Study of Declining Enrollment Trends in Women's Colleges in America, and the Impact on Brenau College: Emergence of Higher Education in America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Patricia W.

    The practicum reviewed the literature and research on the history, evolution, and current status of women's colleges in the United States with a view toward discovering a viable mission for women's colleges and new marketing and recruiting strategies to support their survival. The findings were analyzed and applied to the prevailing situation at…

  6. Recent Enrollment Trends in American Soil Science Programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brevik, Eric C.; Abit, Sergio; Brown, David; Dolliver, Holly; Hopkins, David; Lindbo, David; Manu, Andrew; Mbila, Monday; Parikh, Sanjai J.; Schulze, Darrell; Shaw, Joey; Weil, Ray; Weindorf, David

    2015-04-01

    Soil science student enrollment was on the decline in the United States from the early 1990s through the early 2000s. Overall undergraduate student enrollment in American colleges and universities rose by about 11% over the same time period. This fact created considerable consternation among the American soil science community. As we head into the International Year of Soil, it seemed to be a good time to revisit this issue and examine current enrollment trends. Fourteen universities that offer undergraduate and/or graduate programs in soil science were surveyed for their enrollments over the time period 2007-2014 (the last seven academic years). The 14 schools represent about 20% of the institutions that offer soil science degrees/programs in the United States. Thirteen institutions submitted undergraduate data and 10 submitted graduate data, which was analyzed by individual institution and in aggregate. Simple linear regression was used to find the slope of best-fit trend lines. For individual institutions, a slope of ≥ 0.5 (on average, the school gained 0.5 students per year or more) was considered to be growing enrollment, ≤ -0.5 was considered shrinking enrollment, and between -0.5 and 0.5 was considered to be stable enrollment. For aggregated data, the 0.5 slope standard was multiplied by the number of schools in the aggregated survey to determine whether enrollment was growing, shrinking, or stable. Over the period of the study, six of the 13 schools reporting undergraduate data showed enrollment gains, five of the 13 showed stable enrollments, one of the 13 showed declining enrollments, and one of the 13 discontinued their undergraduate degree program. The linear regression trend line for the undergraduate schools' composite data had a slope of 55.0 students/year (R2 = 0.96), indicating a strong overall trend of undergraduate enrollment growth at these schools. However, the largest school had also seen large growth in enrollment. To ensure that this one

  7. U.S. Hispanics: challenging issues for the 1990s.

    PubMed

    Valdivieso, R; Davis, C

    1988-12-01

    Hispanics are the largest minority in the US after blacks and, as a poor and disadvantaged minority, face many problems and challenges with which they must deal in the future. There has been a 34% increase in the US Hispanic population from 1980-1988 due to heavy immigration and high birth rates, resulting in a young age structure for Latinos with a median age of 25.5 years vs. the US median of 32.2 years. US Latinos are a very diverse group which includes Mexicans (62%), Puerto Ricans (13%), Cubans (5%), and Central and South Americans (12%), although they tend to be clustered in very few states. Discrimination has plagued this population because of illegal immigration concerns and illegal drug flow problems. Hispanics continue to suffer from poor educational achievement, language barriers, low-paying jobs, and poverty. Cubans have made the most progress so far in all of these areas. Poverty will likely persist into the 1990's. Bilingualism is and will be prevalent as long as immigration continues, but future generations will begin to use English as their 1st language. 17 states, however, have adopted "official English" laws in order to decrease the use of funds for Spanish language services. Using Spanish in school is a very divided issue--some favor bilingual education, some favor the shot-gun English approach. As Hispanics grow into work force age, lack of education will prevent entry into skilled labor. Corporations, however, are taking a bigger interest in bilingual workers. Nationally, Hispanics are beginning to matter as an electorate. The number of Latino elected officials has doubled from 1974 to 1988. The 1990 census may show us that we have been underestimating the number of Hispanics in the US. A higher percentage of future Latin immigrants will be better educated. Policymakers should recognize Hispanic problems and help to promote solutions, in the interest of the American people as a whole. PMID:12315691

  8. Academic College Readiness Indicators of Seniors Enrolled in University-Model Schools® and Traditional, Comprehensive Christian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brobst, Sharon Christian

    2013-01-01

    This correlational study examined the relationship between type of high school a senior attends (University-Model SchoolRTM (UMS RTM) or traditional, comprehensive Christian) and academic college readiness, when controlling for prior academic achievement and gender. The study compared archival data from Christian school graduates from six schools…

  9. Systematic Review of Articles Describing Experience and Supports of Individuals with Autism Enrolled in College and University Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gelbar, Nicholas W.; Smith, Isaac; Reichow, Brian

    2014-01-01

    The increase in the number of higher-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is likely to lead to an increased interest in postsecondary opportunities including degree-granting college and university programs. To provide an understanding of the current evidence-base for supporting individuals with ASD in higher education, this…

  10. Simulation Models of the Effects of Race- and Socioeconomic-Based Affirmative Action Policies on Elite College Enrollment Patterns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Sean; Baker, Rachel; Kasman, Matt; Townsend, Joe; Klasik, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    The creation of racially diverse colleges at all levels of selectivity has proven to be no small task, even with the legal use of race-conscious affirmative action. As evidenced in the postsecondary destinations of the high school class of 2004, very selective schools (those with Barron's Selectivity rankings of 1, 2 or 3) have many more White,…

  11. Qualitative Perspectives of Factors Influencing Community College Students' Stated Motivation to Enroll in Future Foreign Language Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    The qualitative research describes the experience of an instructor, participants, and researcher in a community college-based Chinese language class. Tse's (2000) Foreign Language Autobiographies (FLA), classroom observations, student vignette interviews and observations accompanied by field notes were the sources of data for this study.…

  12. Concurrent Enrollment Programs and Acquired Social Capital for Students from Impoverished Backgrounds: An Examination of High School and College Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jorgensen, Dan D.

    2013-01-01

    Poverty has been linked to reduced workforce opportunities, reduced college-going rates, increased social-emotional challenges, and even negative health consequences. Postsecondary educational opportunities, offered during high school, that contribute to the acquisition of social capital may improve academic outcomes for students from impoverished…

  13. Predicting Success for College Students Enrolled in an Online, Lab-Based, Biology Course for Non-Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Regina

    2012-01-01

    Online education has exploded in popularity. While there is ample research on predictors of traditional college student success, little research has been done on effective methods of predicting student success in online education. In this study, a number of demographic variables including GPA, ACT, gender, age and others were examined to determine…

  14. Internet as an Information Source: Attitudes and Usage of Students Enrolled in a College of Agriculture Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhoades, Emily B.; Irani, Tracy; Telg, Ricky; Myers, Brian E.

    2008-01-01

    With Internet usage in the United States at an all-time high, information technology use in education has continued to increase. Research has shown that many students are utilizing these materials to search out information and assist with completing class assignments. Many college students have described the Internet as a functional tool that…

  15. Personality Change Among Educationally Disadvantaged Veterans as a Function of Enrollment in a Junior College Developmental Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Faubion, Joan H.; Rupiper, O. J.

    One of the first educational institutions funded for the establishment of a training program for Viet Nam veterans was Oscar Rose Junior College at Midwest City, Oklahoma. The developmental program began in September 1972, with 112 veterans in the original training phase. The present study was conducted during the spring semester of 1972-73, with…

  16. Scrolling toward Enrollment: Web Site Content and the E-Expectations of College-Bound Seniors. E-Expectations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noel-Levitz, Inc, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Communicating with prospective students has undergone a profound transformation in the past ten years. Campus marketing--like marketing for any organization--had to adapt first to the Internet and e-mail and now to new social media formats like social networking and blogging. A recent survey of 1,000 college-bound seniors, however, shows that…

  17. In Search of a Proper Role for First-Year Composition in the Two-Year Open-Enrollment College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Stephen M.

    2016-01-01

    The search for a common model of instruction in first-year composition began in the 1960s when composition first began to separate from literature in college English departments. Because writing is essentially a methods course with no standard curriculum as one might find in physics or economics, common model has been elusive. A sign that…

  18. High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of Developmental Course Enrollment and Second-Year Postsecondary Persistence in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garland, Marshall; LaTurner, Jason; Herrera, Angelica Ware; Ware, Anne; Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys

    2011-01-01

    In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

  19. Why the Boys Are Missing: Using Social Capital to Explain Gender Differences in College Enrollment for Public High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klevan, Sarah; Weinberg, Sharon L.; Middleton, Joel A.

    2016-01-01

    In 1960, over 60 % of bachelor degrees were awarded to men. However, the rate of women's college completion has steadily risen and, by 2004, women received nearly 60 % of bachelor degrees. Drawing on the theoretical contributions of James Coleman, this paper examines the ability of social capital to explain observed differences in college…

  20. Renewal in the 1990s: The University of Michigan Initiatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knepp, Marilyn G.

    1992-01-01

    During the 1980s, a difficult period for many colleges and universities, the University of Michigan was able to respond successfully to changing circumstances. The university has conducted three analyses (costs, staffing, revenue) that have led to recommendations in the areas of organizational cultural change, a quality approach to strategic…

  1. A Preliminary Assessment of the Cost and Benefit of the North Carolina's Early College High School Model and Its Impact on Postsecondary Enrollment and Earned College Credit

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Unlu, Fatih; Edmunds, Julie; Fesler, Lily; Glennie, Beth

    2015-01-01

    The changing nature of the U.S. economy has fostered concerns that too few students are successfully completing postsecondary education (Achieve, 2004). Three quarters of those who enter high school graduate within four years, with approximately 70 percent of those graduates enrolling immediately in some form of postsecondary education (Ross et…

  2. Population Growth in the 1990s: Patterns within the United States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Marc

    2002-01-01

    Examines population growth during the 1990s for a variety of geographic levels including regions, divisions, states, metropolitan areas, counties, and large cities. Compares growth rates for the 1990s with earlier decades to provide an historical context for present-day trends in population growth and decline. Discusses how differential population…

  3. Enrollment and Attendance: 1969-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batten, Joyce

    Enrollment data were collected and analyzed for the Los Angeles Community College District and each of its nine colleges for the years 1969 to 1979. The data were used to profile the District as a whole and each college in terms of: (1) Fall 1977 and 1978 enrollment in the categories of day/evening, male/female, full-/part-time,…

  4. Low Enrollment Apprenticeship Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lane Community Coll., Eugene, OR.

    To combat the problem of registered apprentices being unable to receive federally mandated related training as a consequence of low class enrollment, an innovative program was developed for community colleges to provide such training for several different trades. The classroom training offers a core curriculum in ten major subject areas common to…

  5. 2014 Fall Enrollment Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Jennifer; Williams, Carmen

    2014-01-01

    To improve student access and success in North Dakota University System (NDUS) institutions, the State Board of Higher Education has implemented enrollment policies that better reflect the differentiated missions of research universities, regional universities, and community colleges. This report addresses the transition in policy by grouping data…

  6. Rigorous Courses, Fresh Enrollment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNeil, Michele

    2007-01-01

    School leaders have joined a six-state effort by the National Governors Association (NGA) aimed at making Advanced Placement (AP) classes more widely available, recruiting nontraditional students to enroll, and working to make sure those students succeed in the college-level courses. Participants say the NGA initiative is showing impressive early…

  7. The Missing Enrollment Meltdown

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dawley, Kathleen; Epstein, Jonathan P.

    2009-01-01

    Shifting economic winds over the past year brought an end to a powerful, healthy wave that many higher education institutions rode successfully in recent years. While the work of college and university enrollment leaders and organizational executive teams is never easy, the recent student demographic spike, the abundance of online admission…

  8. Postsecondary Enrollment Options Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michelau, Demaree K.

    2001-01-01

    Many states are beginning to notice discontinuities in policy between the K-12 and higher education systems. One approach to easing the high school to college transition is to establish postsecondary enrollment options (PSEO) programs. Currently, 32 states have laws or recently have passed legislation to establish and govern PSEO programs. The…

  9. Trends & Indicators: Enrollment Period

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harney, John O.

    2011-01-01

    Since New England Board of Higher Education (NEBHE) began publishing tables and charts exploring "Trends & Indicators" in New England higher education more than a half-century ago, few figures have grabbed as much attention as college "enrollment" data. These local, state, regional and national data go beyond simple headcounts of students going to…

  10. Measurement of body dissatisfaction in college-enrolled Mexican American Women: A Rasch-based examination of the validity and reliability of the EDI-III.

    PubMed

    Stein, Karen Farchaus; Riley, Barth Brian; Hoyland-Domenico, Lisa; Lee, Chia-Kuei

    2015-12-01

    Measures of body dissatisfaction have not been validated for Mexican American (MA) women, who evaluate their bodies differently than Caucasian women. In this study, the psychometric properties of the EDI-III, Body Dissatisfaction Subscale (BDS) were examined in a sample of college-enrolled MA women using the Rasch Rating Scale Model. Criterion validity was also addressed. BDS evidenced good item fit, person and item reliability, once poorly correlated items were removed. Two qualitatively distinct dimensions of body dissatisfaction were identified: (1) overall body shape and stomach, and (2) the lower body. Validity of the scales was supported. Results suggest: MA women's satisfaction with overall body shape is not synonymous with attitudes toward their lower body. PMID:26164669

  11. Physics Enrollments in Two-Year Colleges: Results from the 2012 Survey of Physics in Two-Year Colleges. Focus On

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Susan; Chu, Raymond

    2013-01-01

    This "Focus On" first considers the role two-year colleges (TYCs) play in post-secondary physics education. In their 2007 Survey of Undergraduate Seniors in degree-granting physics departments, the authors asked students if they had begun their post-secondary education at a TYC. Nine percent of the physics undergraduate seniors in 2007…

  12. High School Predictors of College Readiness: Determinants of High School Graduates' Enrollment and Successful Completion of First-Year Mathematics and English College Courses in Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonas, Deborah; Dougherty, Chrys; Herrera, Angelica Ware; LaTurner, Jason; Garland, Marshall; Ware, Anne

    2012-01-01

    In 2007, the Virginia Board of Education directed the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) to study academic indicators that are associated with high school students' successful preparation for college and careers. VDOE then embarked on a multi-year effort to identify available data sources and conduct research on high school indicators that…

  13. Does the Level of Alignment between Student College Expectations and Preparation Mediate the Influence of Parent Resources on College Enrollment among Latino and Non-Latino White Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    Inasmuch as current U.S. population projections indicate that Latino students will comprise over half the growth in the college-age population during the coming decades, the puzzle of Latino educational attainment presents perhaps one of the most critical policy concerns relevant to any efforts targeted at increasing U.S. levels of educational…

  14. Educating Urban At-Risk College Students on Aspects of Life Skills and Personal Management While Enrolled at Borough of Manhattan Community College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Rochelle A.

    2005-01-01

    This research report was written on the premise of devising an intervention module for wellness among at-risk community college students, which can enhance retention within the group. Barriers to retention cannot solely be eradicated by didactic remedial services of a core curriculum; there must be a dichotomy of intervention, which includes…

  15. Enrollment Analysis, 1970-1985.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodyear, Don

    A series of tables are presented, providing a 15-year analysis of enrollment, student demographic characteristics, and first census weekly student contact hours (WSCH) by division at College of the Sequoias (COS). Data indicate: (1) total enrollment increased from 5,447 in 1970 to 7,587 in 1985, peaking in 1981 with a high of 7,625 students; (2)…

  16. The Impact of the Promise of Scholarships and Altering School Structure on College Plans, Preparation, and Enrollment

    PubMed Central

    Pharris-Ciurej, Nikolas; Herting, Jerald R.; Hirschman, Charles

    2015-01-01

    The Washington State Achiever (WSA) program was a large-scale educational intervention of scholarships, mentoring, and school redesign designed to encourage students from moderate and low income families to attend college in Washington State. Using a quasi-experimental design based on pre- and post-intervention surveys of high school seniors in program and non-program schools, we find a significant WSA effect on educational outcomes, net of the demographic and socioeconomic composition of students across schools. Across the three intervention high schools, the program is strongly significant in one school, significant after a lag in another school, and not significant in a third. We speculate about the potential reasons for the differential program effect across high schools. PMID:23017860

  17. The impact of the promise of scholarships and altering school structure on college plans, preparation, and enrollment.

    PubMed

    Pharris-Ciurej, Nikolas; Herting, Jerald R; Hirschman, Charles

    2012-07-01

    The Washington State Achiever (WSA) program was a large-scale educational intervention of scholarships, mentoring, and school redesign designed to encourage students from moderate and low income families to attend college in Washington State. Using a quasi-experimental design based on pre- and post-intervention surveys of high school seniors in program and non-program schools, we find a significant WSA effect on educational outcomes, net of the demographic and socioeconomic composition of students across schools. Across the three intervention high schools, the program is strongly significant in one school, significant after a lag in another school, and not significant in a third. We speculate about the potential reasons for the differential program effect across high schools. PMID:23017860

  18. Enrollment Management & Managing Enrollment: Setting the Context for Dialogue

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hossler, Don; Kalsbeek, David

    2008-01-01

    Enrollment management has become an important leadership function on many college and university campuses. It is also attracting critical attention here and abroad among observers of our system of postsecondary education. With this essay, "College and University" begins a series that will examine policies and practices that are central to…

  19. Pre-Enrollment Considerations of Undergraduate Wheelchair Users and Their Post-Enrollment Transitions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wessel, Roger D.; Jones, Darolyn; Blanch, Christina L.; Markle, Larry

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the pre-enrollment considerations of undergraduate wheelchair users (i.e., the decision to attend college, college selection factors) and their post-enrollment transitions (i.e., adjustments from high school to college, academic and social integration). Qualitative ethnographic research methodology was used…

  20. Administration and the Challenge of Open Enrollment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mirabeau, Roch L.

    The many problems connected with successful implementation of community college open enrollment involve students, faculty, college resources and basic processes. Together they constitute the challenge posed by open enrollment to administrators. Problems relative to students include low reading and writing abilities, low levels of preparedness and…

  1. Enrollment and Curriculum: A Laffer Curve Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shmanske, Stephen

    2002-01-01

    States that when a college or graduate school toughens its curriculum, entry requirements, or graduation requirements, two opposite effects on enrollment occur: (1) students know more and command higher salaries which enhances enrollment and (2) the pool of eligible students diminishes which has a negative effect on enrollment. (JEH)

  2. Predictors of Long-Term Enrollment and Degree Outcomes for Community College Students: Integrating Academic, Psychosocial, Socio-Demographic, and Situational Factors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porchea, Sameano F.; Allen, Jeff; Robbins, Steve; Phelps, Richard P.

    2010-01-01

    We examined the effects of student (academic preparation, psychosocial, socio-demographic, and situational) and institutional characteristics on long-term enrollment outcomes. We tracked enrollments and degrees awarded for students who originally enrolled at two-year institutions across five years. Our findings have implications for identifying…

  3. Student Perspectives on Enrolling in Undergraduate Forestry Degree Programs in the United States

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharik, Terry L.; Frisk, Stacey L.

    2011-01-01

    Undergraduate U.S. forestry degree programs experienced a steady decline in enrollments over a decade beginning in the mid-1990s. This decline prompted a survey of students enrolled in these programs to determine what factors led to their decisions to matriculate there and conversely, what may have made them hesitant to do so. The sample…

  4. Reinventing the Community College.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Dennis L.

    1990-01-01

    In the 1990s, community colleges will be faced with a real challenge and an opportunity: to become marketing-oriented institutions. Marketing is crucial to reinventing the colleges as institutions that are capable of contributing to the education of an underskilled workforce and a significant underclass--an endeavor vital to the nation's…

  5. 1978-1979 Fall Enrollment Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tillberg, Rebecca

    Enrollment in the Los Angeles Community Colleges in fall 1978 dropped to 124,523, a 3.7% decrease from fall 1977. Instructional Television and West Los Angeles College showed the only increases, although the increase at West (and the decrease at Trade-Technical College) were related to the administrative tranfer of the Airport Center from Trade to…

  6. Public Education: A Major American Growth Industry in the 1990's.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehrenhalt, Samuel M.

    Public education has been a major growth industry in the 1990s, expanding its employment by nearly 24 percent from 1988 to 1998. The 1.8 million jobs added in state and local government education functions placed this sector third among America's growth industries in the sheer magnitude of its employment rise. This report examines the record of…

  7. Glass Ceiling in Academic Administration in Turkey: 1990s versus 2000s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gunluk-Senesen, Gulay

    2009-01-01

    This paper assesses the glass ceiling for academics in the Turkish universities with reference to top administration positions: rectors and deans. Glass ceiling indicators show that the glass ceiling thickened from the 1990s to late 2000s. The findings are discussed against the background of the transformation in the Turkish universities in the…

  8. Parents and Schooling in the 1990s. Parent Involvement at the Middle School Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Review, 1991

    1991-01-01

    The "ERIC Review" announces research results, publications, and new programs relevant to each issue's theme topic. This theme issue is devoted to the topic of "Parent Involvement in Education" and contains three principal articles: "Parents and Schooling in the 1990s," by Erwin Flaxman and Morton Inger; "Parent Involvement at the Middle School…

  9. Equality, Diversity and Opportunity: Civil Rights and Affirmative Action in the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winston, Judith A.

    1991-01-01

    Challenges to civil rights and affirmative action in the 1990s are identified. Five cases of racial, sex, ethnic, and reverse discrimination behind the Civil Rights bills of 1990 and 1991 are discussed. The ultimate challenge is to demonstrate that if civil rights litigants win, others need not lose. (SLD)

  10. Merger of Higher Education Institutions: Case Studies in China in the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Su, Mingni

    2009-01-01

    This study explores two specific cases of institutional mergers in the field of higher education. The two cases took place in China in the 1990s. One of the cases might be labeled a vertical merger and the other a horizontal merger. The former simply implies a merger between higher education institutions with equal status and the same level of…

  11. Campus Budgeting for Tough Times: Lessons from the First Half of the 1990s. Rockefeller Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Joseph C.

    This report lists 11 budgetary principles for higher education institutions, and presents the results of a survey which examined whether the practices of four-year public higher education institutions in California, Florida, Massachusetts, New York, Texas, and Wisconsin followed these precepts during the fiscal problems of the early 1990s. The 11…

  12. El Nino During the 1990's: Harbinger of Climatic Change or Normal Fluctuation?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Robert M.

    2000-01-01

    Today, El Nino refers to the extreme warming episodes of the globally effective, coupled ocean-atmospheric interaction commonly known as ENSO (i.e., "El Nino-Southern Oscillation"). Concerning its observed decadal frequency and severity, El Nino during the 1990's has often been regarded as being anomalous. Results of analysis reported herein; however, appear to mitigate this belief.

  13. El Nino During the 1990s: Harbinger of Climatic Change or Normal Fluctuation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, Robert M.

    2000-01-01

    Today, El Nino refers to the extreme warming episodes of the globally effective, coupled ocean-atmospheric interaction commonly known as ENSO (i.e., "El Nino-Southern Oscillation"). Concerning its observed decadal frequency and severity, El Nino during the 1990's has often been regarded as being anomalous. Results of analysis reported herein; however, appear to mitigate this belief.

  14. Blueprints for Indian Education: Research and Development Needs for the 1990s. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cahape, Patricia

    Two landmark efforts to describe the condition of American Indian and Alaska Native education nationwide and to call for specific solutions took place in the early 1990s. These efforts were the Indian Nations At Risk Task Force and the White House Conference on Indian Education. This digest summarizes Task Force and Conference recommendations…

  15. Migration of Retirement-Age Blacks to Nonmetropolitan Areas in the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beale, Calvin L.; Fuguitt, Glenn V.

    2011-01-01

    Older blacks migrated to nonmetropolitan (nonmetro) communities in the 1990s to a degree not true of the past. Some of the nonmetro counties that attracted them are well-known retirement areas also favored by other retirees, mostly whites. Two-thirds of black retirement counties, however, are areas in the Old South that are not attracting other…

  16. A Just Transition? Lessons from Defense Worker Adjustment in the 1990s. Technical Paper No. 237.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Laura; Markusen, Ann

    A study examined the experiences of some 1.4 million American defense industry workers, displaced in the wake of the Cold War, as a way of reviewing and evaluating national policies toward worker adjustment and re-employment as they have evolved in the 1990s. The study found that the federal government, through the Department of Labor,…

  17. Information Systems in the University of Saskatchewan Libraries: A Vision for the 1990s.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saskatchewan Univ., Saskatoon. Libraries.

    This report describes the vision of the Information Systems Advisory Committee (ISAC) of an Information Systems Model for the 1990s. It includes an evaluation of the present automation environment at the university, a vision of library automation at the University of Saskatchewan between 1994 and 1999, and specific recommendations on such issues…

  18. Families in Poverty in the 1990s: Trends, Causes, Consequences, and Lessons Learned.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seccombe, Karen

    2000-01-01

    During the 1990s, poverty rates in the United States remained relatively stable despite a robust economy. This paper reviews the research and theoretical and conceptual developments during the past decade, including how the poverty line was developed; the causes of the virtually unchanged poverty rate; and the consequences of poverty for children.…

  19. Feature Articles on African Americans in Sports Illustrated in the 1990s

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angela Lumpkin

    2009-01-01

    This descriptive study examined whether the coverage of African Americans in the feature articles in Sports Illustrated during the 1990s was representative of their participation levels. Nearly half of the articles featured European Americans; about one-third featured African Americans. More African Americans were featured in basketball, boxing,…

  20. Civil Rights Movement and the 1990s: Racism and the African-American Population.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czech, Christopher

    A plan is presented for a curriculum that shows how African Americans have been left out of decision making, stereotyped negatively, and denied resources. The project is intended to be a base for future studies of human relations issues in order to understand how society operates. Using the contexts of the 1960s and the 1990s, the power structures…