Science.gov

Sample records for 2-day meeting beginning

  1. Theory Meets Praxis: From Derrida to the Beginning German Classroom via the Internet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hasty, Will

    2006-01-01

    Based on practical experience in a new online beginning German course sequence, the author of this essay argues that contemporary cultural developments associated with the emergence of new technologies, particularly computer-assisted language learning, provide new opportunities to theorize German Studies curricula from the beginning level onward.…

  2. THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE SPECIALIST AND THE BEGINNING TEACHER, REPORT ON THE SECTION MEETING AT THE NATIONAL TEPS CONFERENCE (NEW YORK CITY, JUNE 25, 1965).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NOSTRAND, HOWARD LEE; PAP, LEO

    THE SECTION MEETING WAS CONCERNED WITH THE ROLE OF THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE SPECIALIST IN THE COMMUNITY AS A SOURCE OF INFORMATION ON FOREIGN CULTURES AND PROBLEMS OF PUPILS FROM NON-ENGLISH-SPEAKING HOMES, AND AS A HELP TO THE BEGINNING TEACHER IN EXPLAINING DISTRICT RESOURCES, SERVICES, AND ELECTRONIC AIDS. SUGGESTIONS FOR HELPING THE BEGINNING…

  3. Meeting the Induction Needs of Beginning Music Teachers: What Can Policy-Makers and Program Designers Do?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conway, Colleen M.

    Using data from a longitudinal study of beginning music teachers in Michigan, this paper examines how policy makers and induction program designers can provide for the content-specific induction needs of music teachers. The study examined beginning music teachers' early teaching experiences, how school districts and communities supported their…

  4. Mysterious Beginnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinkcombe, Josie; Ellyn, Tracy

    2009-01-01

    Introduce students to humankind's mysterious beginnings with a captivating sense of mystery. Low lighting and simple percussion music will add to the mood. Allow students time to leave behind the sunshine of this modern era and crawl through the narrow tunnel of their imaginations into an immense, dark, underground cave. This is, in fact, was what…

  5. Mysterious Beginnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinkcombe, Josie; Ellyn, Tracy

    2009-01-01

    Introduce students to humankind's mysterious beginnings with a captivating sense of mystery. Low lighting and simple percussion music will add to the mood. Allow students time to leave behind the sunshine of this modern era and crawl through the narrow tunnel of their imaginations into an immense, dark, underground cave. This is, in fact, was what…

  6. Reflective Methodology: The Beginning Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Templeton, Ronald K.; Siefert, Thomas E.

    1970-01-01

    Offers a variety of specific techniques which will help the beginning teacher to implement reflective methodology and create an inquiry-centered classroom atmosphere, at the same time meeting the many more pressing demands of first-year teaching. (JES)

  7. 76 FR 69728 - SFIREG Full Committee; Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-09

    ... Issues Research and Evaluation Group (SFIREG), Full Committee will hold a 2-day meeting, beginning on... accommodation of a disability, please contact the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATON CONTACT, preferably....net . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. General Information A. Does this action apply to me? You may...

  8. 41 CFR 304-3.13 - After I begin travel to a meeting, what should I do if a non-Federal source offers to pay for one...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false After I begin travel to... Management Federal Travel Regulation System PAYMENT OF TRAVEL EXPENSES FROM A NON-FEDERAL SOURCE EMPLOYEE'S... night, you may not accept payment from the non-Federal source for a $200 per night hotel room); (2) You...

  9. 41 CFR 304-3.13 - After I begin travel to a meeting, what should I do if a non-Federal source offers to pay for one...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false After I begin travel to... expenses without my or my agency's prior knowledge? 304-3.13 Section 304-3.13 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Travel Regulation System PAYMENT OF TRAVEL EXPENSES FROM A NON-FEDERAL SOURCE...

  10. Applying the Framework for Culturally Responsive Teaching to Explore the Adaptations That Teach First Beginning Teachers Use to Meet the Needs of Their Pupils in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hramiak, Alison

    2015-01-01

    Previous research has shown that beginning teachers are capable of adapting their practice to the needs of ethnically diverse pupils. This paper investigates the possibility that such teachers were developing their practice into what I have termed culturally adaptive teaching. A variety of methods were used to collect qualitative data that focused…

  11. Validation of a 2-day water maze protocol in mice.

    PubMed

    Gulinello, Maria; Gertner, Michael; Mendoza, Guadalupe; Schoenfeld, Brian P; Oddo, Salvatore; LaFerla, Frank; Choi, Catherine H; McBride, Sean M J; Faber, Donald S

    2009-01-23

    We present a 2-day water maze protocol that addresses some of potential confounds present in the water maze when using the aged subjects typical of studies of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. This protocol is based on an initial series of training trials with a visible platform, followed by a memory test with a hidden platform 24h later. We validated this procedure using aged (15-18m) mice expressing three Alzheimer's disease-related transgenes, PS1(M146 V), APP(Swe), and tau(P301L). We also tested these triple transgenic mice (3xTG) and age and sex-matched wild-type (WT) in a behavioral battery consisting of tests of motor coordination (balance beam), spatial memory (object displacement task) visual acuity (novel object recognition task) and locomotor activity (open field). 3xTG mice had significantly longer escape latencies in the memory trial of the 2-day water maze test than WT and than their own baseline performance in the last visible platform trial. In addition, this protocol had improved sensitivity compared to a typical probe trial, since no significant differences between genotypes were evident in a probe trial conducted 24h after the final training trial. The 2-day procedure also resulted in good reliability between cohorts, and controlled for non-cognitive factors that can confound water maze assessments of memory, such as the significantly lower locomotor activity evident in the 3xTG mice. A further benefit of this method is that large numbers of animals can be tested in a short time.

  12. Teaching Beginning Trombone Players.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fallis, Todd L.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the process of introducing the trombone to beginning students and addresses the issue of warming-up. Provides resources for beginning trombone methods, band methods, and daily warm-up studies. Includes resources for scale studies and etudes for beginning to intermediate trombone players. (CMK)

  13. Italo-Swiss "Chalk and blackboard interactive 2-day workshop"-participants feedback.

    PubMed

    Camozzi, Pietro; Faré, Pietro B; Lavagno, Camilla; Milani, Gregorio P; Fossali, Emilio F; Bianchetti, Mario G; Lava, Sebastiano A G

    2015-08-20

    Ten "chalk and blackboard interactive workshops" have taken place between 2011 and 2015 in Southern Switzerland or Italy. Students, residents and expert pediatricians meet during 2 days and discuss 10-15 cases. Pediatricians promote reasoning, provide supporting information and correct statements. Emphasis is placed on history taking and examination, and on all participants being involved in a stimulating atmosphere. Thirty-seven participants were asked, ≥3 months after workshop-completion, to evaluate the workshop and a recent teaching session. Thirty answered and scored the workshop as excellent (N = 24) or above average (N = 6). The scores assigned to the workshop were higher (P < 0.001) than those assigned to the lecture-based teaching.

  14. Psychology: Where to Begin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bare, John K.

    This essay is written for the secondary school teacher who is organizing that first course hoping to suggest some of the answers to the question: where to begin. The author begins by very briefly describing the discipline in terms of its central concerns with some history and some prediction for tomorrow. Against this historical background,…

  15. Psychology: Where to Begin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bare, John K.

    This essay is written for the secondary school teacher who is organizing that first course hoping to suggest some of the answers to the question: where to begin. The author begins by very briefly describing the discipline in terms of its central concerns with some history and some prediction for tomorrow. Against this historical background,…

  16. The Cease Smoking Today (CS2day) initiative: a guide to pursue the 2010 IOM report vision for CPD.

    PubMed

    Cervero, Ronald M; Moore, Donald E

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews the articles in this supplement that describe a smoking cessation project, Cease Smoking Today (CS2day) that demonstrated successful outcomes: physician adoption of a smoking cessation guideline and an increase in smoking quit rates. The authors examine how the activities of the CS2day project compared to the principles and characteristics of the vision for a future system of continuing professional development that was described in the 2010 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Redesigning Continuing Education in the Health Professions. While it did not meet all the characteristics of the IOM's vision, the CS2day Initiative met enough of them for the authors to suggest that the momentum that the IOM report generated has been sustained. The authors point out two strengths and two weaknesses that further strategic and organizational efforts should consider. The two strengths were the collaborative nature of the project and an approach to continuous outcomes assessment that was based on competencies derived from a practice guideline. The authors also suggested that future similar efforts should place more emphasis on instructional design and developing a program theory to guide program operations and educational development. The authors encouraged members of the CME profession to consider the accomplishments of the CS2day project as they are planning to move their CME programs toward the vision described in the IOM Report. Copyright © 2011 The Alliance for Continuing Medical Education, the Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education, and the Council on CME, Association for Hospital Medical Education.

  17. 75 FR 72780 - Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-26

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Advisory Committee on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers AGENCY: Departmental... on Beginning Farmers and Ranchers (Committee) will be held to discuss and explore USDA policy options designed to create and sustain ``New and Beginning Farmers and Ranchers.'' DATES: The public meetings...

  18. Let the Games Begin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mathews, Carla V.

    2009-01-01

    The first faculty meeting of the year is an opportunity for administrators to model strategies that engage their teachers and promote a sense of teamwork. This article describes the first faculty meeting of the 2008-09 school year at Matoaca Middle School in Chesterfield County, Virginia, where the administrators tried to model strategies that…

  19. Brighter Beginnings for Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pullen, Patty

    2004-01-01

    In "Brighter Beginnings for Teachers," Pullen identifies the issues that send teachers screaming from the profession, including the primary problem of behavior management. The U.S. Department of Education reports that 30?50% of teachers quit the profession within the first 5 years, and that lack of preparation in classroom management is the…

  20. A New Beginning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easley, Dauna

    2005-01-01

    In this brief article, the author of "Teachers Touch Eternity" describes the emotions that teachers feel as they watch their seniors graduate, and the relationships with students that often last far beyond commencement. She reminds educators that "caring doesn't start in August and end in June" and that "education doesn't begin at age five and end…

  1. Beginning to edit physics

    SciTech Connect

    Murphy, P.W.

    1995-02-01

    A physicist-turned-editor shows you the basics required for copyediting physics papers (physical quantities, symbols, units, scientific notation, the structure of mathematical expressions, the nature of graphs), and points the way to learning enough ``editorial physics`` to begin substantive editing.

  2. Career Beginnings Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandeis Univ., Waltham, MA. Center for Human Resources.

    Various materials are provided from the Career Beginnings Program. This program is described as a nationally organized, privately supported, locally based program in which colleges, businesses, and the community work together to provide career support and direction for low income youth. An executive summary discusses how the program works by…

  3. BEGINNING INDONESIAN, VOLUME 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DYEN, ISIDORE

    VOLUME 3 OF A 4 VOLUME WORK ON BEGINNING INDONESIAN CONTAINS LESSONS 13-18 OF A TOTAL OF 24. THESE SIX LESSONS PROVIDE DRILLS IN BASIC INDONESIAN SENTENCE PATTERNS INVOLVING THE USE OF THE PASSIVE VOICE, PRONUNCIATION TECHNIQUES, ORTHOGRAPHY, FINAL VOWELS, AND FINAL SYLLABLES. LANGUAGE DRILLS ARE ALSO PROVIDED CONCERNING THE MONTHS OF THE YEAR AND…

  4. BEGINNING INDONESIAN. VOLUME 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DYEN, ISIDORE

    VOLUME 2 OF A 4-VOLUME WORK ON BEGINNING INDONESIAN CONTAINS LESSONS 7-12 OF A TOTAL OF 24. THESE SIX LESSONS PROVIDE DRILLS IN BASIC INDONESIAN SENTENCE PATTERNS INVOLVING THE USE OF DIFFICULT VERBS, THE ACTIVE VOICE, INVERTED NARRATIVE CLAUSES, INTERROGATIVE WORDS, AND COUNTING METHODS. RELATED REPORTS ARE ED 010 456 THROUGH ED 010 459. (GD)

  5. BEGINNING INDONESIAN. VOLUME 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DYEN, ISIDORE

    VOLUME 1 OF A 4-VOLUME WORK ON BEGINNING INDONESIAN CONTAINS THE FIRST 6 LESSONS OF A TOTAL OF 24. THESE SIX LESSONS PROVIDE DRILLS IN BASIC INDONESIAN SENTENCE PATTERNS INVOLVING THE USE OF TERMS OF ADDRESS, POLITE FORMULAS AND RESPONSES, AUXILIARIES, COMMANDS, AND ABSOLUTE EXPRESSIONS. RELATED REPORTS ARE ED 010 456 THROUGH ED 010 459. (GD)…

  6. Beginning Pashto: Textbook Tapescript.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tegey, Habibullah; Robson, Barbara

    This textbook tapescript is a component of "Beginning Pashto," a set of materials (including a textbook, student workbook, and glossary) that teaches the Pashto language. The textbook tapescript consists of the dialogues, readings, example sentences, and vocabulary contained in the units of the Textbook, recast in tapescript form. The tapescript…

  7. Beginning Pashto: Textbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tegey, Habibullah; Robson, Barbara

    This textbook is a component of "Beginning Pashto," a set of materials (including a student workbook, teacher's manual, glossary, and tapescripts) that teaches the Pashto language. The language taught is Afghan Pashto, particularly the standard central district dialect spoken in Kabul and in the official media. The text provides 14 units of study;…

  8. Challenge Beginning Teacher Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lannin, John K.; Chval, Kathryn B.

    2013-01-01

    As beginning teachers start to recognize the complexity of teaching mathematics in elementary school classrooms and how their new vision for teaching mathematics creates new challenges, they experience discomfort--a healthy awareness that much is to be learned. Brousseau (1997) notes that changes in the roles that are implicitly assigned to the…

  9. 78 FR 34135 - Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD Sunshine Act Meetings; Notice of Closed Meeting Notice is hereby given that the Railroad Retirement Board will hold a closed meeting on June 20, 2013, beginning at 9:00 a.m. at the Board's meeting room on...

  10. When does personhood begin?

    PubMed

    Donovan, P

    1983-01-01

    Participants at the Human Life Symposium: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Concept of Person, held in Houston in March, 1982, considered the question of when life and personhood begin. Previously all such discussions have been held in the political arena and in right to life publications. In 1973 the Supreme Court had refused to resolve the question. In 1981 Senator Helms Human Life Amendment (2038) to debt ceiling legislation stated that life begins at conception and the fetus was entitled to protection under the law. This would have created severe abortion funding restrictions and has not yet been passed. From the scientific point of view it was concluded that biology alone is not able to determine the point at which personhood is established. Several scientists expressed their view on personhood covering such areas as subjective awareness including personality, a sense of self and consciousness, social status rights and obligations. Reasons for not defining the fetus as a person included the negative impact on providing medical services to the mother and the fetus, and ethical issues in fetal surgery. The legal impact of bestowing personhood on the fetus would not resolve the abortion issue, and historically the law has treated the fetus differently for different purposes. If a fetus were legally defined as a person, additional areas of conflict in consitutional law, tax law and others would arise. A final area discussed was whether any of the criteria which define death could help define life; results were inconclusive. The participants agreed that while further explorations of the question are necessary, legislative action seems inappropriate at this time.

  11. Collaborative Lesson Planning as Professional Development for Beginning Primary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauml, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative case study describes how one beginning primary grade teacher benefited from collaborative lesson-planning meetings with her grade-level colleagues. The teacher accumulated knowledge of curriculum, pedagogy, and professional contexts as she participated in planning meetings each week during her first year of teaching. Furthermore,…

  12. Collaborative Lesson Planning as Professional Development for Beginning Primary Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauml, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative case study describes how one beginning primary grade teacher benefited from collaborative lesson-planning meetings with her grade-level colleagues. The teacher accumulated knowledge of curriculum, pedagogy, and professional contexts as she participated in planning meetings each week during her first year of teaching. Furthermore,…

  13. Vertical development of the 2-day wave in the midlatitude ionospheric F region

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altadill, D.; Apostolov, E. M.

    1998-12-01

    The altitude development of the 2-day wave in the ionospheric F region (from 170 to 230 km) has been investigated from the true height electron density profiles obtained at Observatori de l'Ebre station (40.8°N, 0.5°E). We found five time intervals of enhanced activity of the 2-day wave, bursts type, during 1995. The altitude variations of the 2-day wave period, amplitude, and phase are presented. The phase and group velocities of the wave are evaluated for each case. The observed changes in the electron density indicate three types of dominant vertical propagation of the 2-day wave in the F region: (1) upward propagation of the wave, (2) simultaneous 2-day oscillation of the electron density at all altitude range under study, and (3) downward propagation of the wave. The potential mechanisms proposed for explaining the vertical propagation of the 2-day wave in the ionospheric F region are discussed in order to evaluate the most likely mechanism.

  14. SPIG From Beginning To Today

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Labat, J.

    2010-07-01

    Rapid growth of nuclear physics in fifties attracted attention of numerous scientists, mainly physicists. At the same time, governments become interested in the field, expecting various advantages, and to be honest, in the first place the nuclear weapons. As a result, also in the country at that time called Yugoslavia, the Federal Nuclear Agency has been formed, and generously funds have been given to support the research. In Yugoslavia three nuclear centers have been founded: in Belgrade (Serbia), Zagreb (Croatia) and Ljubljana (Slovenia). The nuclear research and applications to related fields, inevitably was related to the physics of ionized gases. Just to mention electro-magnetic separation of isotopes, mass spectrometry, gas filled nuclear radiation detectors, accelerator ion sources, sources for analytical spectroscopy and others. Right from the beginning a common problem has been met: lack of basic knowledge on elementary collision processes and in general on the matter in ionized state. Groups of physicists in the mentioned institutes have started paying full attention to these problems. They found it of interest to exchange the results and cooperate not only between themselves but also with research centers in other countries. It was felt that at least one national meeting should be organized, where an overview of activities in the field of ionized gases could be presented. Thanks to extraordinary efforts of prof. B. Perovic, supported, backed and simulated by prof. A. Milojevic, prof. Z. Sternberg, prof. Dj. Bosan and prof. A. Moljk first such meeting was prepared. In 1962 the "Ist Yugoslav Symposium an the Physics of Ionized Gases" was organized in Belgrade. Six invited lectures and 26 original contributions were presented. Two years later, in 1964, the second meeting of the same title was held in Zagreb (Croatia). The large number of participants and unexpected interest in field has initiated an idea that the study of different fields related to the

  15. Test-retest reliability of lifting and carrying in a 2-day functional capacity evaluation.

    PubMed

    Reneman, M F; Dijkstra, P U; Westmaas, M; Göeken, L N H

    2002-12-01

    The objectives of this study were to establish test-retest reliability of lifting and carrying of a functional capacity evaluation (FCE) on two consecutive days and to verify the need for a 2-day protocol. A cohort of 50 patients (39 men, 11 women) with nonspecific low back pain were evaluated using a 2-day FCE protocol. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated for weight lifted and carried. Predictive relationships between test and retest were explored by means of a regression analysis. The results of ICC were lifting low 0.87, lifting overhead 0.87, and carrying 0.77. Performances on day 2 were on an average 6-9% higher. Other than the amount of weight handled on day 1, no variable was found to predict performance on day 2. It was concluded that test-retest reliability of lifting and carrying was good, and the need for a 2-day protocol could not be confirmed.

  16. Removal of T-Fasteners 2 Days After Gastrostomy is Feasible

    SciTech Connect

    Foster, A.; Given, M.; Thornton, E.; Geoghegan, T.; Keeling, F.; McGrath, F.; Lee, M. J.

    2009-03-15

    T-fastener gastropexy is widely performed as part of gastrostomy insertion. The current literature recommends removal of T-fasteners at 2 weeks. We present a series of patients in whom T-fasteners were removed at 2 days with no major complications. We removed T-fasteners in 109 patients (male-to-female ratio 59:50, age range 18 to 88 years, mean age 62 years) at 2 days after gastrostomy insertion. Indications for gastrostomy included amytrophic lateral sclerosis, cerebrovascular accidents, head and neck carcinoma, multiple sclerosis, and others, including brain tumours and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. No peritubal leaks or other major complications were seen in the study population. In the study group, 15 minor complications were recorded (14%), including localised infection and pain, both of which resolved on removal of T-fasteners. We conclude that it is feasible and safe to remove T-fasteners at 2 days.

  17. Dynamic sentinel lymph node biopsy for penile cancer: a comparison between 1- and 2-day protocols.

    PubMed

    Dimopoulos, Panagiotis; Christopoulos, Panagiotis; Shilito, Sam; Gall, Zara; Murby, Brian; Ashworth, David; Taylor, Ben; Carrington, Bernadette; Shanks, Jonathan; Clarke, Noel; Ramani, Vijay; Parr, Nigel; Lau, Maurice; Sangar, Vijay

    2016-06-01

    To determine the outcome of clinically negative node (cN0) patients with penile cancer undergoing dynamic sentinel node biopsy (DSNB), comparing the results of a 1- and 2-day protocol that can be used as a minimal invasive procedure for staging of penile cancer. This is a retrospective analysis of 151 cN0 patients who underwent DSNB from 2008 to 2013 for newly diagnosed penile cancer. Data were analysed per groin and separated into groups according to the protocol followed. The comparison of the two protocols involved the number of nodes excised, γ-counts, false-negative rates (FNR), and complication rates (Clavien-Dindo grading system). In all, 280 groins from 151 patients underwent DSNB after a negative ultrasound ± fine-needle aspiration cytology. The 1-day protocol was performed in 65 groins and the 2-day protocol in 215. Statistically significantly more nodes were harvested with the 1-day protocol (1.92/groin) compared with the 2-day protocol (1.60/groin). The FNRs were 0%, 6.8% and 5.1%, for the 1-day protocol, 2-day protocol, and overall, respectively. Morbidity of the DSNB was 21.4% for all groins, and 26.2% and 20.1% for the 1-day and 2-day protocols, respectively. Most of the complications were of Clavien-Dindo Grade 1-2. DSNB is safe for staging patients with penile cancer. There is a trend towards a 1-day protocol having a lower FNR than a 2-day protocol, albeit at the expense of a slightly higher complication rate. © 2015 The Authors BJU International © 2015 BJU International Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Early surgery within 2 days for hip fracture is not reliable as healthcare quality indicator.

    PubMed

    Lizaur-Utrilla, Alejandro; Martinez-Mendez, Daniel; Collados-Maestre, Isabel; Miralles-Muñoz, Francisco A; Marco-Gomez, Luis; Lopez-Prats, Fernando A

    2016-07-01

    To analyze prospectively the influence of the timing of surgery on morbidity and mortality, and to assess whether the early surgery within 2 days admission may be a reliably healthcare quality indicator. Prospective observational study of 628 patients age 60 or older who had been co-managed between surgeons and internists. Based on the literature, many potential factors influencing outcomes were collected to control confounding regard to surgery delay, complications and mortality. Multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression models were used to assess effects on the delay and mortality, respectively. Mean Charlson index was 2.3, and 284 patients had at least 3 comorbidities. Mean timing of surgery was 3.6 days (range 0-20). 418 patients were fit for surgery, of which 180 underwent surgery within 2 days. Delay for surgery more than 2 days was significantly associated with ASA >2, Charlson >2 and anticoagulant therapy. Medical complications were not significantly associated with delayed surgery more than 2 days. Mortality rate was 0.9% in-hospital, 3.4 at 1 month, 7.0% at 3 months, and 13.6% at 12 months. There were no significant differences in in-hospital, 3-month or 1-year mortality between patients operated within 2 days and those operated at 3-4 days, but delayed more than 4 days was associated with higher 1-year mortality. Likewise, patients readmitted within 30 days had higher in-hospital mortality. Excluding unfit for surgery patients at admission, there was no significant difference in 3-month or 1-year mortality between patients operated within 2 days and those with delayed surgery. Delaying surgery up to 4 days was not associated with higher morbidity or mortality rates. We recommend concentrating more on preoperative optimizing the condition of patient with sufficient medical treatment rather than being bound by a universal timing of surgery. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Excitation and Evolution of the Quasi-2-Day Wave Observed UARS/MLS Temperature Measurements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, D. L.; Fishbein, E. F.; Read, W. G.; Waters, J. W.

    1996-01-01

    The quasi-2-day wave is known as a strong and transient perturbation in the middle and upper atmosphere that often occurs shortly after solstice. The excitation mechanisms of this transient wave have been discussed for years, but no clear answer has yet been attained. In this paper, propagating characteristics of the 2-day wave are studied based on 8-mon temperature measurements from the Microwave Limb Sounder onboard the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. The studies are focused on the wave events that happened in January 1993 and in July-August 1993. The observations suggest that winter planetary waves could be responsible for triggering the summer 2-day wave through long penetration into the summer stratosphere. A connection is evident in the evolution of the wave amplitude between the summer 2-day wave generation and winter wave penetration. The data also suggest that the enhancement of the wave amplitude is a manifestation of both a local unstable wave and a global normal-mode Rossby wave.

  20. Social Contexts of Beginning Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Mary Lee

    2001-01-01

    Examines social contexts of beginning readers through an exploration of three dimensions that have an impact upon beginning readers' reading events: peer relationships and their role in children's reading development, children's oral language and discourse, and constructivism and sociocultural perspectives on learning. Offers implications for…

  1. Demystifying the Beginnings of Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe, Mark L.; Courage, Mary L.

    2004-01-01

    A longstanding issue in psychology has been, When does human memory begin? More particularly, when do we begin to remember personal experiences in a way that makes them accessible to recollection later in life? Current popular and scientific thinking would have us believe that memories are possible not only at the time of our birth, but also in…

  2. Alumni Mentoring of Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wepner, Shelley B.; Krute, Laurence; Jacobs, Susan

    2009-01-01

    Alumni who are veteran teachers can become a valuable resource for teacher education programs in mentoring beginning teachers from the same institution. An Alumni Mentoring Guild was established through a School of Education and Office of Career Services to bring back alumni to help beginning teachers. Mentors worked with up to three beginning…

  3. Strong Beginnings: Learning To Live.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Save the Children, Westport, CT.

    The Strong Beginnings program, initiated by the Save the Children Fund in 1991, supports community-based activities in 20 countries aimed at reconstructing educational systems in developing countries. This report presents the vision of the Strong Beginnings program, describes its components, and describes the continuing challenge to improve access…

  4. Mallet Instruments Challenge Beginning Percussionists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grumley, Fred

    1983-01-01

    Orff mallet instruments should be used in beginning band classes. Adding mallet instruments would expand a beginner's concept of percussion instruments. Just as important, the percussion section would provide a solid melodic and harmonic foundation to assist beginning wind instrumentalists with their insecurities about pitch. (RM)

  5. Physiological and psychological responses to 100 km cross-country skiing during 2 days.

    PubMed

    Väänänen, I I; Vihko, V

    2005-09-01

    Physical exercise can have beneficial as well as detrimental effects on body tissues. The purpose of this study was to examine how the body responds to a 2-day 100 km ski event. Two-day follow-up, field trial to measure changes in body mass, postural response of heart rate, pain perception, range of joint movement, muscle circumferences, vertical jump, creatine kinase (CK) and profile of mood state to repeated long distance cross-country skiing during 2 days. 10 physically active men (34.8+/-9.7 y, 1.82+/-0.05 m, 76.1+/-6.6 kg, BMI: 23.0+/-1.5. kgxm-2) participating in the Finlandia Ski Race, covering a total distance of 100 km during 2 days. Cardiorespiratory loading was high (over 85% of the maximal heart rate). However, leg measurements showed no signs of edema or a decline in flexibility or functional strength. SUBJECTS with excellent aerobic fitness are able to ski at high intensity a total of 100 km over 2 successive days without any major adverse effects on the musculoskeletal system or mood state.

  6. Been to a Good Meeting Lately?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Partin, Ronald L.

    1988-01-01

    Notes that many school counselors view meetings as a waste of time, then goes on to remind counselors of the counseling principles that make meetings successful. Suggests that counselors look for alternatives to meetings, have agendas, begin on time, include only necessary people, select a conducive environment, keep meeting on task, record…

  7. 78 FR 69086 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-18

    ... Sunshine Act Meeting AGENCY: Federal Election Commission. Federal Register CITATION OF PREVIOUS ANNOUNCMENT... Street NW., Washington, DC. STATUS: This meeting will be closed to the public. CHANGES IN THE MEETING: The meeting will begin at 11:00 a.m. ITEMS TO BE DISCUSSED: Compliance matters pursuant to 2 U.S.C...

  8. The beginning of human life

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Introduction The Jewish religion is characterized by a strict association between faith and practical precept. Jewish law has two sections, the written and the oral tradition. The foundation of the written law and the origin of authority is the Torah, the first five books of the Scripture. It is an expression of God’s revelation, teaching and guiding humanity. The oral laws interpret, expand, and elucidate the written Torah and behavior patterns regulate new rules and customs. The main parts of the oral law are as follows: the Mishnah, the Talmud, Post-Talmudic Codes and. Responsa Literature. Discussion Life is a process that has a beginning and an end. The consensus about the time when human life really begins is still not reached among scientists, philosophers, ethicists, sociologists and theologizes. The scientific data suggested that a single developmental moment marking the beginning of human life does not exist. Current biological perspectives on when human life begins range through fertilization, gastrulation, to birth and even after. The development of a newborn is a smoothly continuous process. Results Procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The (Halachic) Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from procreation is acknowledged in the Bible to be the gift of God. The Jewish interpretation of when human life begins is extracted predominantly from The Halachic sources. The Bible does not make any other direct references regarding the beginning of human life. Conclusion While the Talmud gives the full status of humanness to a child at birth, the rabbinical writings have partially extended the acquisition of humanness to the 13th postnatal day of life for full-term infants. The Babylonian Talmud Yevamot 69b states that: “the embryo is considered to be mere water until the fortieth day.” Afterwards, it is considered subhuman until it is born. The issues of abortion, embryo research, multifetal

  9. Hormonal responses to 100 km cross-country skiing during 2 days.

    PubMed

    Väänänen, I; Vasankari, T; Mäntysaari, M; Vihko, V

    2004-09-01

    The purposes of this study were to investigate the resting levels and the acute hormonal responses of serum testosterone and cortisol, and with time-resolved immunofluorometric assay of luteinising hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), to daily repeated prolonged skiing. Quasi-experimental design: short-term follow-up, (reversal) field trial to investigate the daily responses of blood hormones to repeated 50 km skiing during 2 days in men. 10 physically active men (34.8+/-9.7 y, 1.82+/-0.05 m, 76.1+/-6.6 kg, BMI: 23.0+/-1.5 kg.m(-2)) participating in the Finlandia Ski Race, covering a total distance of 100 km during 2 days. venous blood samples were obtained before and after skiing, and after 1 week's recovery, to determine the concentrations of testosterone, LH, FSH and cortisol in the blood. Testosterone was reduced by over 20% after both days (p=0.016 and 0.002, respectively). LH decreased after the 1( st) race by 37% and after the 2nd race by 44% (p=0.028, both). FSH secretion was stable and cortisol increased 2.2- and 2.6-fold after the races (p<0.001). The participants in the 2 days' prolonged skiing exercise went through a period of heavy physical stress. They showed changes in their serum testosterone, LH and cortisol concentrations, which, with the exception of the FSH secretion, alter the acute responses of both the adrenal cortex and the hypothalamus-pituitary-testicular axis. When training or competition programmes are planned it should taken into consideration that daily repeated high intensity prolonged skiing without a recovery day may cause hormonal overreaching.

  10. Preparing Corrections Staff for the Future: Results of a 2-Day Training About Aging Inmates.

    PubMed

    Masters, Julie L; Magnuson, Thomas M; Bayer, Barbara L; Potter, Jane F; Falkowski, Paul P

    2016-04-01

    The aging of the prison population presents corrections staff with unique challenges in knowing how to support inmates while maintaining security. This article describes a 2-day training program to introduce the aging process to select staff at all levels. While the results of a pre-posttest measure, using a modified version of Palmore's Facts on Aging Quiz, did not produce a statistically significant difference at the conclusion of the training, attendees did express satisfaction with the training and their newfound insight into the challenges faced by aging inmates. They also offered recommendations for future training to include more practical suggestions for the work environment. © The Author(s) 2016.

  11. Observations of the quasi 2-day wave from the High Resolution Doppler Imager on UARS

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wu, D. L.; Hays, P. B.; Skinner, W. R.; Marshall, A. R.; Burrage, M. D.; Lieberman, R. S.; Ortland, D. A.

    1993-01-01

    A strong westward traveling oscillation, with a period of 2 days and zonal wave number 3, is observed in the mesospheric and lower thermospheric winds from the High Resolution Doppler Imager (HRDI) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS). The important events happen in January, July, and September/October, of which the occurrence in January is the strongest with an amplitude over 60 m/s. Detailed analyses for the periods of January 1992 and January 1993 reveal a cause-and-effect relationship in the wave developing process at 95 km. The global structures of the wave amplitude and phase are also presented.

  12. Beginning Introductory Physics with Two-Dimensional Motion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huggins, Elisha

    2009-01-01

    During the session on "Introductory College Physics Textbooks" at the 2007 Summer Meeting of the AAPT, there was a brief discussion about whether introductory physics should begin with one-dimensional motion or two-dimensional motion. Here we present the case that by starting with two-dimensional motion, we are able to introduce a considerable…

  13. Lessons from Beginning Teachers: Challenges for School Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, Marie

    2009-01-01

    Teaching can be an exhilarating and exciting career despite, or perhaps because of, a never-ending round of challenges, difficulties and problems to solve. Beginning teachers face new challenges every day. This book points the way for school leaders to help them meet these challenges and encourage them to stay in teaching. New Zealand is no better…

  14. Beginning Introductory Physics with Two-Dimensional Motion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huggins, Elisha

    2009-01-01

    During the session on "Introductory College Physics Textbooks" at the 2007 Summer Meeting of the AAPT, there was a brief discussion about whether introductory physics should begin with one-dimensional motion or two-dimensional motion. Here we present the case that by starting with two-dimensional motion, we are able to introduce a considerable…

  15. Developing and implementing an effective framework for collaboration: the experience of the CS2day collaborative.

    PubMed

    Ales, Mary W; Rodrigues, Shelly B; Snyder, Robyn; Conklin, Mary

    2011-01-01

    Organizations from varied sectors have pursued collaboration to better fulfill their missions, facilitate decision making, solve more complex problems, and respond more rapidly to a changing environment. While these benefits are evident through the products and services provided, few organizations evaluate the factors that contribute to the success or failure of the collaboration itself. The CS2day Collaborative was formed by 9 separate organizations with a common goal of increasing smoking quit rates through health care professional education. To better understand the factors that influence successful collaboration, the authors applied criteria established by the Wilder Foundation to the functioning of this health care education collaborative. Factors analyzed include the influence of the environment, membership, process and structure, communication, purpose, and resources. Factors relevant to continuing medical education/continuing professional development (CME/CPD) including accreditation, conflict of interest resolution and management, guideline dissemination, continuous assessment and interprofessional education influenced the collaborative structure. Specific examples provided illustrate how diverse organizations can work together effectively to address a public health need. While the CS2day Collaborative was not formed with prior knowledge of these factors, they provide a useful framework for examining how this collaborative was developed and has operated. Copyright © 2011 The Alliance for Continuing Medical Education, the Society for Academic Continuing Medical Education, and the Council on CME, Association for Hospital Medical Education.

  16. Satisfaction with a 2-day communication skills course culturally tailored for medical specialists in Qatar.

    PubMed

    Bylund, Carma L; Alyafei, Khalid; Afana, Abdelhamid; Al-Romaihi, Sheyma; Yassin, Mohammed; Elnashar, Maha; Al-Arab, Banan; Al-Khal, Abdullatif

    2017-01-01

    Health-care communication skills training may be particularly needed in the Arabian Gulf countries because of the variety of cultures within the physician and patient populations. This study describes the implementation and results of a communication skills training program for physicians in Qatar that assessed previous training, and effect of previous training on participants' course evaluations. We conducted a 2-day communication skills training course covering seven culturally adapted modules. Educational strategies included large and small group work with the standardized patient, demonstration videos, and lectures. At the end, participants completed a course evaluation survey. Data analysis performed with SPSS; frequencies and percentages were calculated, and Chi-square test applied to evaluate statistical significance. A total of 410 physicians in Qatar have participated in the course over a period of 2 years. Evaluation ratings of the course were high. Participants rated the module on Breaking Bad News as the most useful, and the small group role-play as the most helpful course component. One-third of participants had previously participated in experiential communication skills training. There was no association between previous experience and evaluation of the course. Physicians in Qatar positively evaluated a 2-day communication skills course, though the majority of participants did not have any previous exposure to experiential communication skills training.

  17. Feasibility of applying the 2day deferral for repeat plateletpheresis: Indian perspective.

    PubMed

    Nomani, Laila; Raina, T R; Sidhu, Meena

    2013-06-01

    As the use of single donor apheresis platelets and plateletpheresis procedures done steadily increases in India, the plateletpheresis donors are at an increased risk of postpheresis anemia and thrombocytopenia. This study was planned in order to evaluate the effect of plateletpheresis on the hematological parameters in the local donor population and to evaluate the possibility of following the 2day deferral for repeat plateletpheresis. A total of 60 plateletpheresis procedures performed over a period of 1year with CS 3000 Plus Baxter Fenwal were evaluated. All the post-donation hematological parameters showed a significant decrease from the pre-donation values (p<0.001). Post-donation hemoglobin <12g, which is defined by WHO as anemia irrespective of the gender occurred in 25% (n=15) of the donors. The post-donation platelet count was less than 100×10(9)/L in 16.6% (n=10) of the procedure. The ability of these donors to serve as repeat plateletpheresis donor after 2days as recommended by AABB needs to be evaluated by further studies done post donation. Keeping in view the hematological profile of our donor population we recommend that donors who already have a low or borderline pre-donation platelet count and hemoglobin should be assessed and monitored post-donation for decrements in these parameters. While serving as repeat donors, their pre donation hemoglobin and platelet counts should be tested again.

  18. Bio-energetic changes in human gastrocnemius muscle 1-2 days after strenuous exercise.

    PubMed

    Kemp, G J; Taylor, D J; Radda, G K; Rajagopalan, B

    1992-09-01

    [31P]magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to study the metabolic sequelae of intense muscular activity in gastrocnemius of seven subjects 1-2 days after a 67-mile bicycle ride. The muscle was examined at rest, during a test exercise and during recovery from test exercise. Post-ride and pre-ride results were compared. At rest, the ratio of phosphocreatine to ATP (PCr/ATP) was increased post-ride; during test exercise PCr/(PCr+Pi) was lower post-ride; and the recoveries of PCr, Pi and PCr/(PCr+Pi) after test exercise were delayed, with decreased 'overshoot' of PCr/(PCr+Pi) (which is due to recovery of Pi to below its resting value). Mild mitochondrial damage (perhaps due to exposure to high cytosolic [Pi] during the bicycle ride) may explain some of these results. In contrast to reports of largely eccentric exercise there was no increase in resting Pi/ATP. We have thus demonstrated perturbations of muscle bio-energetics 1-2 days after strenuous exercise, in the absence of convincing enzymological evidence of muscle damage.

  19. In vivo embryo production in cows superovulated 1 or 2 days after ovum pick-up.

    PubMed

    Surjus, Ricardo S; Prata, Alexandre B; Borsato, Marta; Mattos, Fernanda C S Z; Martins da Silveira, Mariana C; Mourão, Gerson B; Pires, Alexandre V; Wiltbank, Milo C; Sartori, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    The present study evaluated superovulatory responses and in vivo embryo production in cows treated with FSH starting 1 or 2 days after ovum pick-up (OPU). Thirty-three non-lactating Nelore cows were subjected to aspiration of all follicles ≥3mm for OPU. After OPU, cows were randomly divided into two groups in which the follicle superstimulatory treatments with FSH started 1 or 2 days after OPU (Groups D1 and D2, respectively). Data are presented as the least squares mean±s.e.m. The number of follicles ≥3mm before OPU was similar between groups (~34); however, cows in Group D2 had more follicles ≥3mm on the first day of FSH (15.2±2.3 vs 7.6±1.7; P=0.04) and a higher ratio of the number of follicles at first FSH/number of follicles before OPU (0.41±0.04 vs 0.24±0.02; P=0.01). In addition, Group D2 cows had a greater superovulatory response than did cows in Group D1 (18.9±2.8 vs 9.1±1.9 corpora lutea, respectively; P<0.03). However, there was no difference in the total number of recovered ova and embryos from cows in Groups D2 and D1 (5.1±1.4 vs 4.9±1.3, respectively; P>0.10). Nevertheless Group D2 cows had more freezable embryos than Group D1 cows (3.2±1.1 vs 1.3±0.5, respectively; P<0.05). Cows from Group D2 had a much higher proportion (P<0.001) of follicles ≥8mm compared with follicles ≥6mm and <8mm at the time of the last treatment with FSH. In conclusion, to obtain a greater production of viable embryos in superovulated cows after OPU, it is recommended to wait at least 2 days before starting FSH treatment.

  20. Phytotoxicity and Transport of Gallium (Ga) in Rice Seedlings for 2-Day of Exposure.

    PubMed

    Yu, Xiao-Zhang; Feng, Xing-Hui; Feng, Yu-Xi

    2015-07-01

    Hydroponic experiments were conducted with rice seedlings to investigate the accumulation and phytotoxicity of gallium nitrate. A linear decrease in relative growth rate, transpiration rate and water use efficiency was observed in rice seedlings with increasing Ga concentrations. However, inhibition of these selected parameters was noted different at different Ga treatments. Relative growth rate was more sensitive towards Ga treatments. Phyto-transport of Ga was apparent, but recovery of Ga in different parts of rice seedlings varied significantly: roots were dominant site for Ga accumulation. The total accumulation rates of Ga were positively correlated to Ga concentrations. Results indicated that the addition of Ga did not cause deleterious effects on plant physiological functions over a 2-day exposure period. Large amounts of Ga were removed from the hydroponic solution through rice seedlings. Accumulation of Ga in plant tissues resulted in growth inhibition of rice seedlings.

  1. Cerebral blood velocity and other cardiovascular responses to 2 days of head-down tilt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frey, Mary A. B.; Mader, Thomas H.; Bagian, James P.; Charles, John B.; Meehan, Richard T.

    1993-01-01

    Spaceflight induces a cephalad redistribution of fluid volume and blood flow within the human body, and space motion sickness, which is a problem during the first few days of space flight, could be related to these changes in fluid status and in blood flow of the cerebrum and vestibular system. To evaluate possible changes in cerebral blood flow during simulated weightlessness, we measured blood velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) along with retinal vascular diameters, intraocular pressure, impedance cardiography, and sphygmomanometry on nine men (26.2 +/- 6.6 yr) morning and evening for 2 days during continuous 10 deg head-down tilt (HDT). When subjects went from seated to head-down bed rest, their heart rate and retinal diameters decreased, and intraocular pressures increased. After 48 h of HDT, blood flow velocity in the MCA was decreased and thoracic impedance was increased, indicating less fluid in the thorax. Percent changes in blood flow velocities in the MCA after 48 h of HDT were inversely correlated with percent changes in retinal vascular diameters. Blood flow velocities in the MCA were inversely correlated (intersubject) with arterial pressures and retinal vascular diameters. Heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, systolic arterial pressure, and at times pulse pressure and blood flow velocities in the MCA were greater in the evening. Total peripheral resistance was higher in the morning. Although cerebral blood velocity is reduced after subjects are head down for 2 days, the inverse relationship with retinal vessel diameters, which have control analogous to that of cerebral vessels, indicates cerebral blood flow is not reduced.

  2. Cerebral blood velocity and other cardiovascular responses to 2 days of head-down tilt

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Frey, Mary A. B.; Mader, Thomas H.; Bagian, James P.; Charles, John B.; Meehan, Richard T.

    1993-01-01

    Spaceflight induces a cephalad redistribution of fluid volume and blood flow within the human body, and space motion sickness, which is a problem during the first few days of space flight, could be related to these changes in fluid status and in blood flow of the cerebrum and vestibular system. To evaluate possible changes in cerebral blood flow during simulated weightlessness, we measured blood velocity in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) along with retinal vascular diameters, intraocular pressure, impedance cardiography, and sphygmomanometry on nine men (26.2 +/- 6.6 yr) morning and evening for 2 days during continuous 10 deg head-down tilt (HDT). When subjects went from seated to head-down bed rest, their heart rate and retinal diameters decreased, and intraocular pressures increased. After 48 h of HDT, blood flow velocity in the MCA was decreased and thoracic impedance was increased, indicating less fluid in the thorax. Percent changes in blood flow velocities in the MCA after 48 h of HDT were inversely correlated with percent changes in retinal vascular diameters. Blood flow velocities in the MCA were inversely correlated (intersubject) with arterial pressures and retinal vascular diameters. Heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, systolic arterial pressure, and at times pulse pressure and blood flow velocities in the MCA were greater in the evening. Total peripheral resistance was higher in the morning. Although cerebral blood velocity is reduced after subjects are head down for 2 days, the inverse relationship with retinal vessel diameters, which have control analogous to that of cerebral vessels, indicates cerebral blood flow is not reduced.

  3. Simultaneous observations of the phase-locked 2 day wave at Adelaide, Cerro Pachon, and Darwin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walterscheid, R. L.; Hecht, J. H.; Gelinas, L. J.; MacKinnon, A.; Vincent, R. A.; Reid, I. M.; Franke, S. J.; Zhao, Y.; Taylor, M. J.; Pautet, P. D.

    2015-03-01

    The Southern Hemisphere summer 2 day wave (TDW) is the most dramatic large-scale event of the upper mesosphere. The winds accelerate over ~1 week, may attain > 70 m/s, and are often accompanied by a near disappearance of the diurnal tide and stabilization of the period close to 48 h. We denote this as the phase-locked 2 day wave (PL/TDW). We have examined airglow and meteor radar (MR) wind data from the Andes Lidar Observatory (Cerro Pachon, Chile:30°S, 289.3°E), MR data from Darwin (12.5°S, 131°E) and airglow and medium frequency radar data from the University of Adelaide (34.7°S, 138.6°E) for the behavior of the TDW during the austral summers of 2010, 2012, and 2013. The Cerro Pachon and Adelaide sites are located at similar latitudes separated in longitude by about 120°. We find a remarkable coincidence between the TDW oscillations at Chile and Adelaide for the period January-February 2010. The oscillations are nearly in phase in terms of local time and the minima and maxima repeat at nearly the same local time from cycle to cycle consistent with a phase-locked wave number 3 TDW. Data for this and other years (including Darwin) show that the amplitude of the diurnal tide decreases when the TDW is largest and that this occurs when the period is close to 48 h. These observations support the proposal that the PL/TDW is a subharmonic parametric instability wherein the diurnal tide transfers energy to a TDW that is resonant at nearly 48 h.

  4. Your Quality Partnerships Begin Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, MaryLou Wendel

    This collection of materials offers information on Portland Community College's Institute for Management and Professional Development. The first information sheet, "Your Quality Partnerships Begin Today," focuses on the Total Quality Management (TQM) programs of the Institute, indicating that 8,000 to 10,000 individuals per year,…

  5. Great Expectations and New Beginnings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Frances A.

    2009-01-01

    Great Expectation and New Beginnings is a prenatal family support program run by the Family, Infant, and Preschool Program (FIPP) in North Carolina. FIPP has developed an evidence-based integrated framework of early childhood intervention and family support that includes three primary components: providing intervention in everyday family…

  6. Do Schools Begin Too Early?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Finley

    2012-01-01

    School start times vary considerably, both across the nation and within individual communities, with some schools beginning earlier than 7:30 a.m. and others after 9:00 a.m. Proponents of later start times, who have received considerable media attention in recent years, argue that many students who have to wake up early for school do not get…

  7. Mindfulness and the Beginning Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernay, Ross S.

    2014-01-01

    This article reviews a hermeneutic phenomenological study of five beginning teachers who were introduced to mindfulness during their initial teacher education programme. The participants kept fortnightly journals and engaged in three interviews with the researcher to assess the benefits of using mindfulness during the first year of teaching. The…

  8. Math Learning Begins at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eason, Sarah H.; Levine, Susan C.

    2017-01-01

    Children demonstrate gaps in the math knowledge that they possess by the time they begin school, and these gaps have been found to predict long-term outcomes not only in math but also in reading. Consequently, it is important to identify what accounts for these early differences and how they can be addressed to ensure that all children enter…

  9. Bright Beginnings. WWC Intervention Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Bright Beginnings is an early childhood curriculum, based in part on High/Scope[R] and Creative Curriculum[R], with an additional emphasis on literacy skills. The curriculum consists of nine thematic units designed to enhance children's cognitive, social, emotional, and physical development, and each unit includes concept maps, literacy lessons,…

  10. Do Schools Begin Too Early?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Finley

    2012-01-01

    School start times vary considerably, both across the nation and within individual communities, with some schools beginning earlier than 7:30 a.m. and others after 9:00 a.m. Proponents of later start times, who have received considerable media attention in recent years, argue that many students who have to wake up early for school do not get…

  11. The Cease Smoking Today (CS2day) Initiative: A Guide to Pursue the 2010 IOM Report Vision for CPD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervero, Ronald M.; Moore, Donald E., Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews the articles in this supplement that describe a smoking cessation project, Cease Smoking Today (CS2day) that demonstrated successful outcomes: physician adoption of a smoking cessation guideline and an increase in smoking quit rates. The authors examine how the activities of the CS2day project compared to the principles and…

  12. Workplace aggression: beginning a dialogue.

    PubMed

    McLemore, Monica R

    2006-08-01

    The June 2005 Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing editorial titled "Communication: Whose Problem Is It?" (Griffin-Sobel, 2005) was written to begin a dialogue about a phenomenon frequently experienced yet rarely discussed: workplace aggression, also known as disruptive behavior. Prompted by a groundbreaking study published in the American Journal of Nursing by Rosenstein and O'Daniel (2005), the editorial challenged oncology nurses to begin to fix problems of communication. After reflecting on both of the articles and considering my own experience as a nurse manager, clinician, and scholar, I decided to explore the topic as it relates to nurse-to-nurse workplace aggression. The following is a summary of interviews with nurse managers, nurse practitioners, and nurse scientists about root causes and effective strategies to manage these sometimes complicated situations. This article is meant to continue the dialogue about the very sensitive issue. Confidentiality has been maintained, and I welcome your comments.

  13. Changes in blood biochemical markers before, during, and after a 2-day ultramarathon.

    PubMed

    Arakawa, Kazuyuki; Hosono, Akihiro; Shibata, Kiyoshi; Ghadimi, Reza; Fuku, Mizuho; Goto, Chiho; Imaeda, Nahomi; Tokudome, Yuko; Hoshino, Hideki; Marumoto, Mitsuhiro; Kobayashi, Masaaki; Suzuki, Sadao; Tokudome, Shinkan

    2016-01-01

    We studied changes in blood markers of 18 nonprofessional, middle-aged runners of a 2-day, 130 km ultramarathon. Blood was sampled at baseline, after the goals on the first and second day, and at three time points (1, 3, and 5/6 days) after the race. Blood indices showed three patterns. First pattern indices showed essentially no changes after the two goals and after the race, including red blood cell indices, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Second pattern markers, including the majority of indices, were elevated during the race (and also after the race for some parameters) and then returned to baseline afterward, including hemolysis/red blood cell destruction markers (indirect bilirubin) and an iron reservoir index (ferritin), muscle damage parameters (uric acid, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotransferase), renal function markers (creatinine and blood urea nitrogen), liver injury index (alanine aminotransferase), lipid metabolism indices (free fatty acid), reactive oxygen species and inflammation parameters (white blood cells, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein), and energy production and catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine). Third pattern index of a lipid metabolism marker - triglyceride - decreased during the race periods and started returning to baseline from then onward. Some hormonal markers such as insulin, leptin, and adiponectin showed unique patterns. These findings appeared informative for nonprofessional athletes to know about an optimal physical activity level, duration, and total exercise for elevating physical performance and monitoring physical/mental conditioning as well as for prevention of overtraining and physical injuries.

  14. The quasi 2 day wave response in TIME-GCM nudged with NOGAPS-ALPHA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Jack C.; Chang, Loren C.; Yue, Jia; Wang, Wenbin; Siskind, D. E.

    2017-05-01

    The quasi 2 day wave (QTDW) is a traveling planetary wave that can be enhanced rapidly to large amplitudes in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region during the northern winter postsolstice period. In this study, we present five case studies of QTDW events during January and February 2005, 2006 and 2008-2010 by using the Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Electrodynamics-General Circulation Model (TIME-GCM) nudged with the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System-Advanced Level Physics High Altitude (NOGAPS-ALPHA) Weather Forecast Model. With NOGAPS-ALPHA introducing more realistic lower atmospheric forcing in TIME-GCM, the QTDW events have successfully been reproduced in the TIME-GCM. The nudged TIME-GCM simulations show good agreement in zonal mean state with the NOGAPS-ALPHA 6 h reanalysis data and the horizontal wind model below the mesopause; however, it has large discrepancies in the tropics above the mesopause. The zonal mean zonal wind in the mesosphere has sharp vertical gradients in the nudged TIME-GCM. The results suggest that the parameterized gravity wave forcing may need to be retuned in the assimilative TIME-GCM.

  15. The Beginning of Protohaykian Calendar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Broutian, G. H.

    2017-07-01

    From its foundation, studies in the field of history of Armenian astronomy and Armenian calendars were integral to astrophysical researches of the Byurakan Observatory. It is important to note the monographs and articles of H. Badalian and B. Toumanian in this field. As the result of our work in this field, beginning of the Haykian calendar (BC 2341) and the concept of Protohaykian calendar were established. In the present work an attempt is made to determine the beginning of the oldest Armenian calendar-the Protohaykian calendar. It is shown that Protohaykian calendar was originated when the heliacal rising of the star Spica (α Virgo) was observable from Armenia 8 days before summer solstice. Calculations made on this basis provide date of the beginning of this calendar as BC 9000 with an error not to exceed 80 years. This date is in correspondence with the date of observations of the Pleiades from Metsamor (about BC 9000), that was found a few years ago. Meanwhile, it also corresponds to the geological data, which prove, that the oldest lake (Araratian Sea) in the territory of modern Araratian valley was dried out at the same time. There is also good correlation with the time of cultivation of crops that was done in the territory of historical Armenia about 12000 years ago.

  16. 75 FR 38086 - Technology Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMISSION Technology Advisory Committee Meeting The Commodity Futures Trading Commission's (``Commission'') Technology Advisory Committee will conduct a meeting on Wednesday, July 14, 2010, beginning at 1 p.m. The...://www.cftc.gov . This will be the first meeting of the reestablished Technology Advisory...

  17. On the wave number 2 eastward propagating quasi 2 day wave at middle and high latitudes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gu, Sheng-Yang; Liu, Han-Li; Pedatella, N. M.; Dou, Xiankang; Liu, Yu

    2017-04-01

    The temperature and wind data sets from the ensemble data assimilation version of the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model + Data Assimilation Research Testbed (WACCM + DART) developed at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) are utilized to study the seasonal variability of the eastward quasi 2 day wave (QTDW) with zonal wave number 2 (E2) during 2007. The aliasing ratio of E2 from wave number 3 (W3) in the synoptic WACCM data set is a constant value of 4 × 10-6% due to its uniform sampling pattern, whereas the aliasing is latitudinally dependent if the WACCM fields are sampled asynoptically based on the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) sampling. The aliasing ratio based on SABER sampling is 75% at 40°S during late January, where and when W3 peaks. The analysis of the synoptic WACCM data set shows that the E2 is in fact a winter phenomenon, which peaks in the stratosphere and lower mesosphere at high latitudes. In the austral winter period, the amplitudes of E2 can reach 10 K, 20 m/s, and 30 m/s for temperature, zonal, and meridional winds, respectively. In the boreal winter period, the wave perturbations are only one third as strong as those in austral winter. Diagnostic analysis also shows that the mean flow instabilities in the winter upper mesosphere polar region provide sources for the amplification of E2. This is different from the westward QTDWs, whose amplifications are related to the summer easterly jet. In addition, the E2 also peaks at lower altitude than the westward modes.

  18. Changes in blood biochemical markers before, during, and after a 2-day ultramarathon

    PubMed Central

    Arakawa, Kazuyuki; Hosono, Akihiro; Shibata, Kiyoshi; Ghadimi, Reza; Fuku, Mizuho; Goto, Chiho; Imaeda, Nahomi; Tokudome, Yuko; Hoshino, Hideki; Marumoto, Mitsuhiro; Kobayashi, Masaaki; Suzuki, Sadao; Tokudome, Shinkan

    2016-01-01

    We studied changes in blood markers of 18 nonprofessional, middle-aged runners of a 2-day, 130 km ultramarathon. Blood was sampled at baseline, after the goals on the first and second day, and at three time points (1, 3, and 5/6 days) after the race. Blood indices showed three patterns. First pattern indices showed essentially no changes after the two goals and after the race, including red blood cell indices, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and tumor necrosis factor-α. Second pattern markers, including the majority of indices, were elevated during the race (and also after the race for some parameters) and then returned to baseline afterward, including hemolysis/red blood cell destruction markers (indirect bilirubin) and an iron reservoir index (ferritin), muscle damage parameters (uric acid, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotransferase), renal function markers (creatinine and blood urea nitrogen), liver injury index (alanine aminotransferase), lipid metabolism indices (free fatty acid), reactive oxygen species and inflammation parameters (white blood cells, interleukin-6, and C-reactive protein), and energy production and catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine). Third pattern index of a lipid metabolism marker – triglyceride – decreased during the race periods and started returning to baseline from then onward. Some hormonal markers such as insulin, leptin, and adiponectin showed unique patterns. These findings appeared informative for nonprofessional athletes to know about an optimal physical activity level, duration, and total exercise for elevating physical performance and monitoring physical/mental conditioning as well as for prevention of overtraining and physical injuries. PMID:27186145

  19. Mass-gathering Medicine: Risks and Patient Presentations at a 2-Day Electronic Dance Music Event.

    PubMed

    Lund, Adam; Turris, Sheila A

    2015-06-01

    Music festivals, including electronic dance music events (EDMEs), increasingly are common in Canada and internationally. Part of a US $4.5 billion industry annually, the target audience is youth and young adults aged 15-25 years. Little is known about the impact of these events on local emergency departments (EDs). Drawing on prospective data over a 2-day EDME, the authors of this study employed mixed methods to describe the case mix and prospectively compared patient presentation rate (PPR) and ambulance transfer rate (ATR) between a first aid (FA) only and a higher level of care (HLC) model. There were 20,301 ticketed attendees. Seventy patient encounters were recorded over two days. The average age was 19.1 years. Roughly 69% were female (n=48/70). Forty-six percent of those seen in the main medical area were under the age of 19 years (n=32/70). The average length of stay in the main medical area was 70.8 minutes. The overall PPR was 4.09 per 1,000 attendees. The ATR with FA only would have been 1.98; ATR with HLC model was 0.52. The presence of an on-site HLC team had a significant positive effect on avoiding ambulance transfers. Twenty-nine ambulance transfers and ED visits were avoided by the presence of an on-site HLC medical team. Reduction of impact to the public health care system was substantial. Electronic dance music events have predictable risks and patient presentations, and appropriate on-site health care resources may reduce significantly the impact on the prehospital and emergency health resources in the host community.

  20. 20 CFR 404.311 - When does my entitlement to old-age benefits begin and end?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... application throughout which you meet all requirements for entitlement. (b) We will find your entitlement to... to old-age benefits begin and end? (a) We will find you entitled to old-age benefits beginning with... your application in which you meet all requirements for entitlement; or (2) If you have attained age 62...

  1. How does interstitial cystitis begin?

    PubMed Central

    2015-01-01

    Background Interstitial cystitis (IC) does not start as an endstage disease, it has a beginning when symptoms are milder, intermittent and the disease is misdiagnosed. To determine how IC develops patients were interviewed on when their symptoms began, what they were and are now as well as the various diagnoses that they received before they were determined to have IC. Methods One hundred female IC patients were screened. They filled out a questionnaire asking about the age their disease presented, their initial and current symptoms, what their original diagnoses were, effect of the menstrual cycle and sexual activity on their symptoms and about any relatives with bladder symptoms or a current diagnosis of IC. Results By age 30, 81% of patients had bladder symptoms, 21% before age 10. The first symptom was frequency in 81%, pain present in 59% and the symptoms were intermittent in 64%. Most common early misdiagnosis was UTI in 74% with 93% reporting negative urine cultures. Sex was painful and causes symptom flares in 82%, symptoms flared the week before the menses in 75%. Most common gynecologic diagnosis was yeast vaginitis, 42%. Urge incontinence was present in 33%. There were 51% that reported bladder symptoms in a first degree female relative. Conclusions IC begins primarily with frequency and is intermittent in most patients with symptom flares associated with sexual activity. Pain and urgency incontinence tend to be a later symptoms. When IC flares the most common misdiagnosis is UTI. Symptoms begin before age 30 in most but an IC diagnosis is often not made until age 40. Genetics appear to play a significant role. It is important to consider these facts when evaluating women with “early IC” because correct diagnosis will result in proper therapy and reduced health care costs. PMID:26816860

  2. 42 CFR 407.47 - Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in... ENTITLEMENT State Buy-In Agreements § 407.47 Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement. (a) General... meeting the SMI eligibility requirements and the requirements for being a member of the buy-in group; and...

  3. 42 CFR 407.47 - Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in... ENTITLEMENT State Buy-In Agreements § 407.47 Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement. (a) General... meeting the SMI eligibility requirements and the requirements for being a member of the buy-in group; and...

  4. 42 CFR 407.47 - Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in... ENTITLEMENT State Buy-In Agreements § 407.47 Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement. (a) General... meeting the SMI eligibility requirements and the requirements for being a member of the buy-in group; and...

  5. 42 CFR 407.47 - Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in... ENTITLEMENT State Buy-In Agreements § 407.47 Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement. (a) General... meeting the SMI eligibility requirements and the requirements for being a member of the buy-in group; and...

  6. When Will Life Be Normal? The Healthy Beginnings Program for Parents of Premature Infants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sledden, Elizabeth

    The Healthy Beginnings program is designed to help parents of prematurely born infants adjust to parenting challenges and opportunities of the first 2 years of the infant's life. The Healthy Beginnings Program provides parents of premature infants with support and guidance by offering: (1) monthly education and support meetings; (2) evaluations…

  7. 42 CFR 407.47 - Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in... ENTITLEMENT State Buy-In Agreements § 407.47 Beginning of coverage under a State buy-in agreement. (a) General... meeting the SMI eligibility requirements and the requirements for being a member of the buy-in group;...

  8. Beginning of Viniculture in France

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McGovern, Patrick E.; Luley, Benjamin P.; Rovira, Nuria; Mirzoian, Armen; Callahan, Michael P.; Smith, Karen E.; Hall, Gretchen R.; Davidson, Theodore; Davidson, Theodore

    2013-01-01

    Chemical analyses of ancient organic compounds absorbed into the pottery fabrics of imported Etruscan amphoras (ca. 500-475 B.C.) and into a limestone pressing platform (ca. 425-400 B.C.) at the ancient coastal port site of Lattara in southern France provide the earliest biomolecular archaeological evidence for grape wine and viniculture from this country, which is crucial to the later history of wine in Europe and the rest of the world. The data support the hypothesis that export of wine by ship from Etruria in central Italy to southern Mediterranean France fueled an ever-growing market and interest in wine there, which, in turn, as evidenced by the winepress, led to transplantation of the Eurasian grapevine and the beginning of a Celtic industry in France. Herbal and pine resin additives to the Etruscan wine point to the medicinal role of wine in antiquity, as well as a means of preserving it during marine transport.

  9. Beginning of Viniculture in France

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    McGovern, Patrick E.; Luley, Benjamin P.; Rovira, Nuria; Mirzoian, Armen; Callahan, Michael P.; Smith, Karen F.; Hall, Gretchen R.; Davidson, Theodore; Henkin, Joshua M.

    2013-01-01

    Chemical analyses of ancient organic compounds absorbed into the pottery fabrics of imported Etruscan amphoras (ca. 500-475 B.C.) and into a limestone pressing platform (ca. 425-400 B.C.) at the ancient coastal port site of Lattara in southern France provide the earliest biomolecular archaeological evidence for grape wine and viniculture from this country, which is crucial to the later history of wine in Europe and the rest of the world. The data support the hypothesis that export of wine by ship from Etruria in central Italy to southern Mediterranean France fueled an ever-growing market and interest in wine there, which, in turn, as evidenced by the winepress, led to transplantation of the Eurasian grapevine and the beginning of a Celtic industry in France. Herbal and pine resin additives to the Etruscan wine point to the medicinal role of wine in antiquity, as well as a means of preserving it during marine transport.

  10. Beginning of viniculture in France.

    PubMed

    McGovern, Patrick E; Luley, Benjamin P; Rovira, Nuria; Mirzoian, Armen; Callahan, Michael P; Smith, Karen E; Hall, Gretchen R; Davidson, Theodore; Henkin, Joshua M

    2013-06-18

    Chemical analyses of ancient organic compounds absorbed into the pottery fabrics of imported Etruscan amphoras (ca. 500-475 B.C.) and into a limestone pressing platform (ca. 425-400 B.C.) at the ancient coastal port site of Lattara in southern France provide the earliest biomolecular archaeological evidence for grape wine and viniculture from this country, which is crucial to the later history of wine in Europe and the rest of the world. The data support the hypothesis that export of wine by ship from Etruria in central Italy to southern Mediterranean France fueled an ever-growing market and interest in wine there, which, in turn, as evidenced by the winepress, led to transplantation of the Eurasian grapevine and the beginning of a Celtic industry in France. Herbal and pine resin additives to the Etruscan wine point to the medicinal role of wine in antiquity, as well as a means of preserving it during marine transport.

  11. Liverpool Telescope 2: beginning the design phase

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Copperwheat, Christopher M.; Steele, Iain A.; Barnsley, Robert M.; Bates, Stuart D.; Bode, Mike F.; Clay, Neil R.; Collins, Chris A.; Jermak, Helen E.; Knapen, Johan H.; Marchant, Jon M.; Mottram, Chris J.; Piascik, Andrzej S.; Smith, Robert J.

    2016-07-01

    The Liverpool Telescope is a fully robotic 2-metre telescope located at the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos on the Canary Island of La Palma. The telescope began routine science operations in 2004, and currently seven simultaneously mounted instruments support a broad science programme, with a focus on transient followup and other time domain topics well suited to the characteristics of robotic observing. Work has begun on a successor facility with the working title `Liverpool Telescope 2'. We are entering a new era of time domain astronomy with new discovery facilities across the electromagnetic spectrum, and the next generation of optical survey facilities such as LSST are set to revolutionise the field of transient science in particular. The fully robotic Liverpool Telescope 2 will have a 4-metre aperture and an improved response time, and will be designed to meet the challenges of this new era. Following a conceptual design phase, we are about to begin the detailed design which will lead towards the start of construction in 2018, for first light ˜2022. In this paper we provide an overview of the facility and an update on progress.

  12. Observations of Secondary Waves Generated from Interaction Between the 2-Day Wave and the Migrating Diurnal Tide.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lieberman, R. S.; Riggin, D. M.; Siskind, D. E.; Nguyen, V.; Palo, S. E.; Mitchell, N. J.; Livesey, N. J.; Stober, G.; Wilhelm, S.; Jacobi, C.

    2015-12-01

    Nonlinear coupling between the migrating diurnal tide and the westward traveling quasi-2-day wave yields a westward-traveling "sum" wave with zonal wavenumber 4 and a period of 16 hours, and an eastward-traveling "difference" wave with a zonal wavenumber 2 and a period of 2 days. While the eastward 2-day wave has been reported in TIMED/SABER temperatures, the westward 16-hour wave lies outside SABER's Nyquist limits of resolution. To obtain simultaneous definitions of the parent and child waves, we examine hourly output from NOGAPS-ALPHA during January 2005, 2006 and 2008. The westward 16-hour wave maximizes in the winter hemisphere, and behaves like an inertia-gravity wave. The eastward 2-day wave maximizes at low latitudes, and exhibits a mixture of Kelvin and higher-order modes. The 16-hour and the eastward 2-day waves are of comparable magnitude, and alias to the same apparent frequency when viewed from the satellite perspective.

  13. What a difference a day makes: same-day vs. 2-day sputum smear microscopy for diagnosing tuberculosis

    PubMed Central

    Choudhury, B.; Talukdar, P.; Lo, T. Q.; Das, B.; Nair, S. A.; Moonan, P. K.; Kumar, A. M. V.

    2016-01-01

    Setting: Nine district-level microscopy centres in Assam and Tripura, India. Objective: Same-day sputum microscopy is now recommended for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. We compared this method against the conventional 2-day approach in routine programmatic settings. Methods: During October–December 2012, all adult presumptive TB patients were requested to provide three sputum samples (one at the initial visit, the second 1 h after the first sample, and the third the next morning) for examination by Ziehl-Neelsen smear microscopy. Detection of acid-fast bacilli with any sample was diagnostic. The first and second spot sample comprised the same-day approach, and the first spot sample and next-day sample comprised the 2-day approach. Results: Of 2168 presumptive TB patients, 403 (18.6%) were smear-positive according to the same-day method compared to 427 (19.7%) by the 2-day method (McNemar's test, P < 0.001). Of the total 429 TB patients, 26 (6.1%) were missed by the same-day method and 2 (0.5%) by the 2-day method. Conclusion: Same-day specimen collection for microscopy missed more TB than 2-day collection. In India, missing cases by using same-day microscopy would translate into a considerable absolute number, hindering TB control efforts. We question the indiscriminate switch to same-day diagnosis in settings where patients reliably return for testing the next day. PMID:28123959

  14. What a difference a day makes: same-day vs. 2-day sputum smear microscopy for diagnosing tuberculosis.

    PubMed

    Deka, D J; Choudhury, B; Talukdar, P; Lo, T Q; Das, B; Nair, S A; Moonan, P K; Kumar, A M V

    2016-12-21

    Setting: Nine district-level microscopy centres in Assam and Tripura, India. Objective: Same-day sputum microscopy is now recommended for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis. We compared this method against the conventional 2-day approach in routine programmatic settings. Methods: During October-December 2012, all adult presumptive TB patients were requested to provide three sputum samples (one at the initial visit, the second 1 h after the first sample, and the third the next morning) for examination by Ziehl-Neelsen smear microscopy. Detection of acid-fast bacilli with any sample was diagnostic. The first and second spot sample comprised the same-day approach, and the first spot sample and next-day sample comprised the 2-day approach. Results: Of 2168 presumptive TB patients, 403 (18.6%) were smear-positive according to the same-day method compared to 427 (19.7%) by the 2-day method (McNemar's test, P < 0.001). Of the total 429 TB patients, 26 (6.1%) were missed by the same-day method and 2 (0.5%) by the 2-day method. Conclusion: Same-day specimen collection for microscopy missed more TB than 2-day collection. In India, missing cases by using same-day microscopy would translate into a considerable absolute number, hindering TB control efforts. We question the indiscriminate switch to same-day diagnosis in settings where patients reliably return for testing the next day.

  15. 29 CFR 1612.3 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) When holding open meetings, the Commission shall provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and... at the beginning of a meeting and may not use flash equipment. Permission to use non-battery...

  16. 29 CFR 1612.3 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) When holding open meetings, the Commission shall provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and... at the beginning of a meeting and may not use flash equipment. Permission to use non-battery...

  17. 29 CFR 1612.3 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) When holding open meetings, the Commission shall provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and... at the beginning of a meeting and may not use flash equipment. Permission to use non-battery...

  18. 29 CFR 1612.3 - Open meeting policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) When holding open meetings, the Commission shall provide ample space, sufficient visibility, and... at the beginning of a meeting and may not use flash equipment. Permission to use non-battery...

  19. Spirit Begins Third Martian Year

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    As it finished its second Martian year on Mars, NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit was beginning to examine a group of angular rocks given informal names corresponding to peaks in the Colorado Rockies. A Martian year the amount of time it takes Mars to complete one orbit around the sun lasts for 687 Earth days. Spirit completed its second Martian year on the rover's 1,338th Martian day, or sol, corresponding to Oct. 8, 2007.

    Two days later, on sol 1,340 (Oct. 10, 2007), Spirit used its front hazard-identification camera to capture this wide-angle view of its robotic arm extended to a rock informally named 'Humboldt Peak.' For the rocks at this site on the southern edge of the 'Home Plate' platform in the inner basin of the Columbia Hills inside Gusev Crater, the rover team decided to use names of Colorado peaks higher than 14,000 feet. The Colorado Rockies team of the National League is the connection to the baseball-theme nomenclature being used for features around Home Plate.

    The tool facing Spirit on the turret at the end of the robotic arm is the Moessbauer spectrometer.

  20. Spirit Begins Third Martian Year

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2007-01-01

    As it finished its second Martian year on Mars, NASA's Mars Exploration Rover Spirit was beginning to examine a group of angular rocks given informal names corresponding to peaks in the Colorado Rockies. A Martian year the amount of time it takes Mars to complete one orbit around the sun lasts for 687 Earth days. Spirit completed its second Martian year on the rover's 1,338th Martian day, or sol, corresponding to Oct. 8, 2007.

    Two days later, on sol 1,340 (Oct. 10, 2007), Spirit used its front hazard-identification camera to capture this wide-angle view of its robotic arm extended to a rock informally named 'Humboldt Peak.' For the rocks at this site on the southern edge of the 'Home Plate' platform in the inner basin of the Columbia Hills inside Gusev Crater, the rover team decided to use names of Colorado peaks higher than 14,000 feet. The Colorado Rockies team of the National League is the connection to the baseball-theme nomenclature being used for features around Home Plate.

    The tool facing Spirit on the turret at the end of the robotic arm is the Moessbauer spectrometer.

  1. Crystal beginnings: constellations of holography

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Richardson, Martin; Brown, Stephen

    2005-04-01

    In January 2004 at the SPIE Photonics West conference held in San Jose, an exhibition of the late Steve Benton"s work was held in a corridor leading of the conferencing rooms. The exhibition contained most, if not all of his finest works including one of his most spectacular, 'Crystal Beginnings'. It was during an interval in the programme that I found myself standing in front of this hologram, discussing its practical makings with fellow holographer Fred Unterseher. Since no notes were available regarding its design or indeed the holographic camera, Fred and I began to try and decipher how Benton had made it. During the discussion we seemed to attract a small crowd, and it soon became apparent that we were not alone in our fascination. One of those in the crowd turned out to be Oliver Cossairt, one of Benton"s ex-students at MIT. He contributed to our argument by informing us that he had asked Benton how the hologram was made. Benton"s answer was "all the clues are there!" The more I looked at the mass of reference points in space, the more it appeared as some form of 3D map or constellation! This paper explores that idea, and asks for reader"s participation in the completion of a questionnaire. Its answers will be used as reference points in a holographic map.

  2. Leading Meetings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindelow, John; Heynderickx, James

    Chapter 13 of a revised volume on school leadership, this chapter offers suggestions to help educators improve their performance in meetings, both as group leaders and as participants. Well-run meetings can rejuvenate an organization, leading to improved teamwork, communication, and morale. A poor meeting, on the other hand, can have a…

  3. Managing Meetings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hay, Susan

    2010-01-01

    Meetings are a means of giving people a chance to contribute. Meetings are also the nursery where the people's skills of listening, speaking, and building good working relationships are honed. They are where people practice being courteously challenging and confident, and they are where people are fascinated and fascinating. Meetings are where…

  4. 45 CFR 503.25 - Announcement of meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Announcement of meetings. 503.25 Section 503.25... REGULATIONS Government in the Sunshine Regulations § 503.25 Announcement of meetings. (a) The Commission meets... than eight days before the beginning of a meeting of the Commission, the Commission will make available...

  5. 78 FR 61361 - The President's Management Advisory Board (PMAB); Notification of Upcoming Public Advisory Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-03

    ... hold a public teleconference meeting on Monday, October 21, 2013. DATES: Meeting date: The meeting will be held on Monday, October 21, 2013, beginning at 11:00 a.m. eastern time, ending no later than...

  6. When Did Plate Tectonics Begin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, M.

    2015-12-01

    Present-day plate tectonics on Earth is characterized by asymmetric (one-sided) subduction, but how do we recognize the imprint of subduction in the geologic record? How do we weigh global (commonly younger) vs local (commonly older) datasets or distinguish initiation from episodic from continuous subduction? How reliable are data gaps? Characteristics of the Paleozoic record of subduction include calc-alkaline magmatism, blueschist/UHP metamorphism and collisional orogenesis, and ophiolites as representatives of former ocean lithosphere. Are these characteristic rocks preserved in Proterozoic, Archean and Hadean crust? Does a hotter mantle, higher heat production and weaker lithosphere modify or eliminate these features? What preceded subduction and how do we recognize that regime? Are rock associations or geochemical fingerprints reliable? Does reworking and overprinting modify geochemical fingerprints? Proposals for the start of plate tectonics have been based on: persistence of isotope anomalies/fractionated chemical domains in the mantle; changes in chemistry of magmatic rocks, rates of crustal growth vs reworking, and sites of growth; the metamorphic record, particularly the first appearance of contrasting thermal gradients or eclogite (including evidence from mineral inclusions in diamonds) or UHP metamorphic rocks; stabilization of cratonic lithosphere and formation of supercratons, and the beginning of the Proterozoic supercontinent cycle; the end of the flat Earth, emergence of continents, development of significant topography, changes in the style of orogeny and the rise in atmospheric oxygen; and, the appearance of passive margins and changes in the style of sedimentation. Estimates of the timing have varied from the Hadean to Neoproterozoic. I will summarize evidence for a growing consensus that the late Mesoarchean to early Paleoproterozoic was a 700 Myr long period of transition to continuous (?) subduction and global (?) mobile-lid plate tectonics.

  7. 75 FR 53355 - Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ..., such as needing a sign language interpreter, should contact Mollie Matull at 415-561-5300 prior to September 13, 2010. Time: The meeting will begin at 6:30 p.m. on Wednesday, September 22, 2010. ADDRESSES...

  8. Antecedents of Norwegian Beginning Teachers' Turnover Intentions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiplic, Dijana; Brandmo, Christian; Elstad, Eyvind

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at exploring several individual, organizational, and contextual factors that may affect beginning teachers' turnover intentions during their first years of practice. The sample consists of 227 beginning teachers (69% female and 31% male) from 133 schools in Norway. The results show four important antecedents of beginning teachers'…

  9. How To Help Beginning Teachers Succeed.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gordon, Stephen P.

    Many beginning teachers leave the profession after only 2 years. In an effort to help beginning teachers succeed, the Beginning Teacher Assistance Program (BTAP) was created to combat unforseen difficulties. The main difficulties are environmental in nature: (1) difficult work assignments; (2) unclear expectations; (3) inadequate resources; (4)…

  10. Antecedents of Norwegian Beginning Teachers' Turnover Intentions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiplic, Dijana; Brandmo, Christian; Elstad, Eyvind

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at exploring several individual, organizational, and contextual factors that may affect beginning teachers' turnover intentions during their first years of practice. The sample consists of 227 beginning teachers (69% female and 31% male) from 133 schools in Norway. The results show four important antecedents of beginning teachers'…

  11. Higgs precision (Higgcision) era begins

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheung, Kingman; Lee, Jae Sik; Tseng, Po-Yan

    2013-05-01

    After the discovery of the Higgs boson at the LHC, it is natural to start the research program on the precision study of the Higgs-boson couplings to various standard model (SM) particles. We provide a generic framework for the deviations of the couplings from their SM values by introducing a number of parameters. We show that a large number of models beyond the SM can be covered, including two-Higgs-doublet models, supersymmetric models, little-Higgs models, extended Higgs sectors with singlets, and fourth generation models. We perform global fits to the most updated data from CMS, ATLAS, and Tevatron under various initial conditions of the parameter set. In particular, we have made explicit comparisons between the fitting results before and after the Moriond 2013 meetings. Highlights of the results include: (i) the nonstandard decay branching ratio of the Higgs boson is less than 22%; (ii) the most efficient way to achieve the best fit for the data before the Moriond update is to introduce additional particle contributions to the triangular-loop functions of Hγγ and Hgg vertices; (iii) the 1σ allowed range of the relative coupling of HVV is 1.01_{-0.14}^{+0.13 } , which means that the electroweak-symmetry breaking contribution from the observed Higgs boson leaves only a small room for other Higgs bosons; (iv) the current data do not rule out pseudoscalar couplings nor pseudoscalar contributions to the Hγγ and Hgg vertices; and (v) the SM Higgs boson provides the best fit to all the current Higgs data.

  12. Developing Clinical Competencies to Assess Learning Needs and Outcomes: The Experience of the CS2day Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKeithen, Tom; Robertson, Sheila; Speight, Mike

    2011-01-01

    An outcomes-based education (OBE) approach was desired for the CS2day initiative, and the size and scope of the initiative compelled a consistent and cohesive framework in order to apply such an approach. A series of competency statements were developed to provide that framework. The competency statements were based on current clinical guidelines,…

  13. The beginnings of experimental petrology.

    PubMed

    Eugster, H P

    1971-08-06

    Van't Hoff's work constitutes the first systematic contribution to experimental petrology. At all times, the problem was perceived as geologic in nature and the laboratory results were checked against natural assemblages whenever possible. The phase rule was not used, nor, for that matter, was chemical thermodynamics, except for the Van't Hoff equation. However, the work of Van't Hoff and Van Deventer was indirectly involved in the evolution of phase theory by Roozeboom, Van Rijn van Alkemade, and Schreinemakers. Meyerhoffer himself wrote the first text explicitly devoted to the phase rule. The impact of Van't Hoff's study was enormous, but it was restricted to those geologists willing and able to cope with chemistry. Foremost among them were igneous petrologists who had long since accepted chemical arguments for classification purposes. I consider the Geophysical Laboratory program to be the most direct heir of the Van't Hoff approach. Although the shape of that program was formulated independently by Van Hise, Becker, Day, and others, the inspiration they derived from Van't Hoff's successes is clearly acknowledged. The study of the fusion of plagioclases by Day and Allen (41), which directly led to the authorization for the Geophysical Laboratory, was the igneous counterpart of Van't Hoff's low-temperature experimental petrology. On metamorphic petrology, too, Van't Hoff left his mark, with V. M. Goldschmidt acting as his disciple. The interpretation of the Kristiania contact rocks was explicitly based on Van't Hoff's double salt law in preference to the phase rule. Sedimentologists remained unaffected and continued their preoccupation with description and classification. Chemical arguments remained subordinate in their work and of an elementary nature, underscoring the chasm between "hard" rocks and "soft" rocks. This gulf is only now beginning to close as a result of the blossoming of experimental petrology and geochemistry since World War II. At last the

  14. First Contact: Expectations of Beginning Astronomy Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lacey, T. L.; Slater, T. F.

    1999-05-01

    Three hundred seven undergraduate students enrolled in Introductory Astronomy were surveyed at the beginning of class to determine their expectations for course content. The course serves as a survey of astronomy for non-science majors and is a distribution course for general education core requirements. The course has no prerequisites, meets three times each week for 50 minutes, and represents three semester credit hours. The university catalog describes the course with the title "PHYSICS 101 - Mysteries of the Sky" and the official course description is: a survey of the struggle to understand the Universe and our place therein. The structure, growth, methods, and limitations of science will be illustrated using the development of astronomy as a vehicle. Present day views of the Universe are presented. Two questions were asked as open response items: What made you decide to take this course? and What do you expect to learn in this course? The reasons that students cited to take the course, in order of frequency, were: interested in astronomy, interesting or fun sounding course, required general education fulfillment, recommendation by peer. Secondary reasons cited were required for major or minor, general interest in science, and was available in the schedule. Tertiary reasons listed were recommendation by advisor or orientation leader, inflate grade point average, and heard good things about the teacher. The students' expectations about what they would learn in the course were numerous. The most common objects listed, in order of frequency, were: stars, constellations, planets, galaxies, black holes, solar system, comets, galaxies, asteroids, moon, and Sun. More interesting were the aspects not specifically related to astronomy. These were weather, atmosphere, UFOs and the unexplained, generally things in the sky. A mid-course survey suggests that students expected to learn more constellations and that the topics would be less in-depth.

  15. 77 FR 26515 - Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... convene a Methodology Review Panel May 29-31, 2012. The meeting is open to the public. DATES: The Methodology Review Panel will meet Tuesday, May 29 through Thursday, May 31, 2011. Business will begin the first day at 8:30 a.m., and will begin at 8 a.m. each subsequent day. Business will conclude each day at...

  16. 78 FR 17451 - Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-21

    ... meeting, such as needing a sign language interpreter, should contact Mollie Matull at 415.561.5300 prior to April 2, 2013. Time: The meeting will begin at 6:30 p.m. on Tuesday, April 9, 2013. ADDRESSES: The...

  17. 78 FR 7757 - Council Coordination Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-04

    ... Management Act (MSA). DATES: The meeting will begin at 9 a.m. on Wednesday, February 20, 2013, recess at 5:30... established the Council Coordination Committee (CCC) by amending Section 302 (16 U.S.C. 1852) of the MSA. The... Management Councils authorized by the MSA or other Council members or staff. NMFS will host this meeting...

  18. Feasibility and Safety of 2-Day Discharge After Fast-Track Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Chinese Experience.

    PubMed

    Yang, Guojing; Chen, Wanchen; Chen, Wenliang; Tang, Xiaojun; Huang, Yijiang; Zhang, Lei

    2016-08-01

    A fast-track program (FT) can shorten hospital stay after total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of 2-day discharge after fast-track total hip arthroplasty in a Chinese population. A total of 258 selected patients who underwent unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty were enrolled into the final cohort and were randomized into the FT (n = 126) and standard program group (n = 132). In the FT group, the patients received a multidisciplinary FT, whereas the patients in the standard program group only followed a standard care program. After setting restricted discharge criteria, we undertook follow-up evaluations to investigate the length of hospital stay, clinical performance, 30-day and 90-day complications, and 90-day admissions in both groups. A multivariate regression model was used to assess independent predictors of delayed discharge (>2 days). The mean length of stay was reduced from 5.8 to 2.1 days after implementation of our FT (P < .001). Most patients in the FT group (82.5%) were discharged within 2 days postoperatively. However, the complications and readmissions appeared no difference between the two groups. The multivariate regression analysis identified age (P = .041), operative time (P < .001), intraoperative blood loss (P = .026), and total blood loss (P < .001) as the predictive factors for delayed discharge. A 2-day discharge protocol after fast-track total hip arthroplasty can be safe and feasible in selected patients, without increasing the risk of complications and readmissions. Further efforts are needed to shorten operative time and reduce perioperative blood loss and eventually to shorten hospital stay. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Assessment of transient left ventricular dilation ratio via 2-day dipyridamole Tc-99m sestamibi nongated myocardial perfusion imaging.

    PubMed

    Kakhki, Vahid Reza Dabbagh; Sadeghi, Ramin; Zakavi, Seyed Rasoul

    2007-07-01

    The definition of an abnormal transient ischemic dilation (TID) ratio may be different according to stress type, type of isotope, and imaging protocols. The aim of this study was to derive the normal threshold and assessment of the TID ratio via 2-day dipyridamole stress/rest technetium 99m sestamibi myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (MPS). We performed 2-day dipyridamole stress/rest Tc-99m sestamibi MPS in 665 patients. The TID ratio was calculated automatically with the Emory Cardiac Toolbox. The upper limit of normal (1.19) for the TID ratio was derived from 131 patients with a low (<5%) likelihood of coronary artery disease as mean + 2 SDs. Patients with complete or partial reversible defects or multivessel-type or left anterior descending artery (LAD) territory perfusion abnormalities had higher TID ratios than the other patients. These patients had a higher frequency of an abnormal TID ratio (>1.19) as well. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that ischemia and LAD territory perfusion abnormality were independent predictors of an abnormal TID ratio. The threshold for an abnormal TID ratio via 2-day post-dipyridamole stress/rest Tc-99m sestamibi MPS was greater than 1.19. By use of this protocol, TID is not uncommon and it is related to a greater amount of ischemic burden as well as multivessel-type or LAD territory perfusion abnormality.

  20. U. S. Forest Service American Chestnut Cooperators' Meeting

    Treesearch

    Clay H. Smith

    1981-01-01

    On January 8 and 9, 1980, a 2-day meeting of U.S. Forest Service American chestnut cooperators was held at Pipestem State Park, Pipestem, West Virginia. A total of 43 talks were given a t this meeting. All speakers provided short abstracts of their talks; these abstracts are presented here.

  1. Best Management Practices for Beginning Farmer Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochterski, Jim; Frenay, Erica

    2010-01-01

    Many beginning farmers have little previous contact with Extension, yet they will comprise an important part of our future base of support. We present those educational activities directed toward beginning farmers that represent high impact, outcome-based Extension programming, given an educator's time limitations. This checklist of insights will…

  2. Rural Education and the Beginning Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Andrew

    This paper addresses the major issues beginning teachers face in their first postings to rural areas in Australia. The issues go beyond pedagogy. Beginning teachers need to understand social factors affecting rural communities so they can link lessons to the realities experienced by students. Geographic isolation affects the provision of education…

  3. Perceived Induction Needs for Beginning Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wright, Jason; Siegrist, Gerald; Pate, James; Monetti, David; Raiford, Simmie

    2009-01-01

    This study attempted to determine the perceptions of beginning principals regarding their need for induction experiences and the relationship of principal responsibilities to those perceived induction needs. Beginning principals were denied as principals in their first through third years as a principal in a school. The study further examined…

  4. Teachers' Work: Beginning Teachers' Conceptions of Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntly, Helen

    2008-01-01

    Worldwide, teachers' work continues to be the subject of discussion and debate, especially in terms of teacher competence and its appropriate appraisal. Available literature offers a number of perspectives of beginning teacher competence, yet the voices of beginning teachers themselves are not represented. This paper outlines the findings of a…

  5. Kentucky's Vocational Beginning Teacher Testing Program Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort. Office of Vocational Education.

    This handbook is designed to provide teacher applicants and vocational educators with general information about Kentucky's Beginning Vocational Teacher Testing Program. Information is provided on amended chapter 396 of Kentucky's Revised Statute, which stipulates that all new/beginning teachers successfully complete appropriate written tests and…

  6. Challenges Beginning Teachers Face in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Bick-Har

    2014-01-01

    By conducting in-depth interviews with new teachers who are about to become full-time teachers and then reinterviewing them two years later, the author of this article presents how beginning teachers think and feel about teaching and describes the challenges they face as beginning teachers in the context of Hong Kong. The stories of the teachers,…

  7. Best Management Practices for Beginning Farmer Support

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ochterski, Jim; Frenay, Erica

    2010-01-01

    Many beginning farmers have little previous contact with Extension, yet they will comprise an important part of our future base of support. We present those educational activities directed toward beginning farmers that represent high impact, outcome-based Extension programming, given an educator's time limitations. This checklist of insights will…

  8. Readiness and Preparation for Beginning Algebra.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rotman, Jack W.

    Drawing from experience at Lansing Community College (LCC), this paper discusses how to best prepare students for success in a beginning algebra course. First, an overview is presented of LCC's developmental math sequence, which includes Basic Arithmetic (MTH 008), Pre-Algebra (MTH 009), Beginning Algebra (MTH 012), and Intermediate Algebra (MTH…

  9. Beginning Farmer Sustainable Agriculture Project. Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Center for Rural Affairs, Hartington, NE.

    This project increases opportunities for beginning farmers to learn about and implement sustainable farming methods through mutual-help discussion groups and continuing education opportunities. Local groups established in six areas in northeast Nebraska in 1991 constitute the Beginning Farmer Support Network (BFSN). At workshops held throughout…

  10. How to Tell When Labor Begins

    MedlinePlus

    ... before labor begins: Signs That You Are Approaching Labor Sign What It Is When It Happens Feeling as if the baby has dropped lower Lightening. This is known as the ... a few hours before labor begins Increase in vaginal discharge (clear, pink, or ...

  11. Did the Universe have a beginning

    SciTech Connect

    Vilenkin, A. )

    1992-09-15

    It is argued that eternal inflation'' must have a beginning in time. Conditions are formulated for a spacetime to describe an eternally inflating universe without a beginning, and it is shown that these conditions cannot be satisfied. A rigorous proof is given for a two-dimensional spacetime, and a plausibility argument for four dimensions.

  12. Challenges Beginning Teachers Face in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Bick-Har

    2014-01-01

    By conducting in-depth interviews with new teachers who are about to become full-time teachers and then reinterviewing them two years later, the author of this article presents how beginning teachers think and feel about teaching and describes the challenges they face as beginning teachers in the context of Hong Kong. The stories of the teachers,…

  13. 76 FR 16604 - Siskiyou Resource Advisory Committee To Meet April 18, 2011

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-24

    ... Forest Service Siskiyou Resource Advisory Committee To Meet April 18, 2011 ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY: The Siskiyou County Resource Advisory Committee (RAC) will meet April 18, 2011. DATES: The meeting will be held on April 18, 2011 and will begin at 4 p.m. ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at the...

  14. 77 FR 48583 - Sunshine Act Meeting Notice; Meeting No. 12-03; August 16, 2012

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ... which begins at 8:30 a.m. (ET). Following the end of the public listening session, the meeting will be... 15 minutes before the public listening session begins at 8:30 a.m. (ET). Pre-registered speakers will... the Audit, Risk, and Regulation Committee A. FY 13 External Auditor Selection 6. Report of...

  15. 27 CFR 53.159 - Deposit requirement for deposits made for calendar quarters beginning on or after July 1, 1995.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... deposits made for calendar quarters beginning on or after July 1, 1995. 53.159 Section 53.159 Alcohol... calendar quarters beginning on or after July 1, 1995. (a) Definitions—(1) Definition of tax liability. For... for the semimonthly period July 1-September 15 meets the requirements of paragraph (c)(3) of this...

  16. EDITORIAL: Microflow meets metrology Microflow meets metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolf, Henning

    2010-07-01

    This special feature is dedicated to methods and applications of high-precision flow rate measurements at flow rates in the range of µl/min and below. It comprises papers from authors who gave lectures at the 250th PTB Seminar 'European Meeting on Microflow Metrology', held at the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Germany, on 24-25 June 2009 and sponsored by the Helmholtz Funds e.V., Germany. More than 40 experts from national metrology institutes, universities and manufactures of flowmeters, and from seven European countries, attended the seminar. The main goal of the seminar was to discuss the measurement of very small flow rates on a metrological basis. The lectures covered measurements of flow rates of liquids as well as of gases. Manufacturers discussed their developments of commercial flowmeters for low flow rates, and first approaches towards a measurement traceable to the SI were introduced by the national metrology institutes. Thus, many interesting discussions were stimulated between various groups, in particular between those working in metrology and on applications. The measurement of very low flow rates traceable to the SI is just beginning. So many approaches have not yet been finished or are at the moment only at the status of a proof of principle. The papers in this special feature give an insight into these different approaches and mark the beginning of an exciting way towards the measurement of small and ultrasmall flow rates.

  17. 75 FR 11555 - Notice of Public Meeting: Northeast California Resource Advisory Council and Subcommittee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-11

    ... Alturas Field Office, 708 W. 12th St., Alturas, California. The full RAC will meet Wednesday and Thursday, June 2 and 3, 2010, at the BLM Alturas Field Office. On June 2, the meeting begins at 10 a.m. and includes a field trip to lands managed by the BLM Alturas Field Office. On June 3, the meeting begins at 8...

  18. 76 FR 35273 - Open Meeting of the President's Advisory Council on Financial Capability

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-16

    ... (``Council'') will convene its third meeting on July 12, 2011 via audio webcast beginning at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The webcast will be open to the public. Details about how to access the audio webcast will... third meeting on July 12, 2011, via audio webcast, beginning at 2:30 p.m. Eastern Time. The meeting will...

  19. The dynamics of Chinese variant porcine epidemic diarrhea virus production in Vero cells and intestines of 2-day old piglets.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yanhui; Gao, Xiaojing; Yao, Yali; Zhang, Yunjing; Lv, Chaochao; Sun, Zhe; Wang, Yuzhou; Jia, Xiangrui; Zhuang, Jinshan; Xiao, Yan; Li, Xiangdong; Tian, Kegong

    2015-10-02

    A severe porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) epizootic has been affecting pigs of all ages that are characterized by high mortality among suckling piglets in China since late 2010, causing significant economic losses. Obtaining a current-circulating PEDV variant isolate that can grow efficiently in cell culture is prerequisite for the development of efficient vaccines. In this study, PEDV strain HN1303 was isolated successfully on Vero cells with supplemental trypsin, and the isolate has been serially propagated in cell culture for over 95 passages. The infectious titers of the virus during the first 10 passages ranged from 10(2.6) to 10(5.8) 50% tissue culture infective doses (TCID50)/ml, and the titers of 20-95 passages ranged from 10(6.2) to 10(8.0)TCID50/ml. The growth curve of Vero cell-adapted HN1303 in cell culture was determined, and dynamics of virus production was confirmed by immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA). Sequence and phylogenetic analysis based on spike gene indicate that the HN1303 strain belongs to genotype IIa. In addition, the fourth passage cell-culture HN1303 was subjected to 2-day old piglets. All piglets orally inoculated developed severe watery diarrhea and vomiting within 24 hours post-inoculation (hpi) and died within 72 hpi. The results of animal experiments reveal that this strain is highly pathogenic to 2-day old piglets.

  20. 76 FR 19314 - Hood/Willamette Resource Advisory Committee; Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-07

    ...: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: The Hood/Willamette Resource Advisory Committee will meet in Salem, Oregon..., and begin at 9:30 a.m. ADDRESSES: The meeting will be held at the Salem Office of the Bureau of Land Management Office; 1717 Fabry Road SE; Salem, Oregon; (503) 375-5646. Written comments should be sent to...

  1. Endeavour Begins Ferry Flight to LA

    NASA Image and Video Library

    Space shuttle Endeavour and the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft took off Wednesday morning, Sept. 19, from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida to begin the first leg of a mission to deliver the retired...

  2. How to Tell When Labor Begins

    MedlinePlus

    ... Several days before labor begins or at the onset of labor What is false labor? Your uterus may contract ... for changes in your cervix that signal the onset of labor. One good way to tell the difference is ...

  3. Beginning Reading: A Natural Language Learning Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tovey, Duane R.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Offers teachers and parents practical suggestions for helping children to begin reading naturally. Looks at specific strategies for helping young children to learn to read, particularly a built-in success procedure emphasizing nonvisual aspects of reading. (RWB)

  4. 77 FR 59396 - SFIREG EQI Working Committee; Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-27

    ... Evaluation Group (SFIREG), Pesticides Operations and Management (EQI) Working Committee will hold a 2-day... and times for the meeting and sets forth the tentative agenda topics. DATES: The meeting will be held... INFORMATON CONTACT, preferably at least 10 days prior to the meeting, to give EPA as much time as possible to...

  5. Data analysis of MOA for Gravitational Microlensing events with durations Less than 2 days by using brown dwarf population

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hassani, Sh.

    2016-12-01

    Gravitational Microlensing is one of the most powerful methods of detecting very low mass objects like Exoplanets and Brown dwarfs. The most important parameter that we can extract from a microlensing event is the Einstein radius crossing time tE. In this work, by performing Monte-Carlo simulation, we obtain tE distribution for brown dwarf population. Then we show that this population can be a good candidate for very short microlensing events with tE<2 days. The data set used in this analysis was taken in 2006 and 2007 seasons by the MOA-II survey, using the 1.8-m MOA-II telescope located at the Mt. John University Observatory, New Zealand.

  6. LC-MS/MS measurement of ampicillin residue in chicken tissues at 2 days after in-feed administration.

    PubMed

    Hamamoto, Kouko; Mizuno, Yasuharu

    2017-03-18

    We assessed ampicillin (ABPC) concentrations of liver, kidney and skin at a 2-day withdrawal period in ten male and ten female White Leghorn chickens fed the diet containing ABPC (ABPC medicated feed 40 mg/kg body weight/day) for a week. The ABPC residues were measured with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and the mean recoveries and quantitation limits ranged from 93.0% to 102.7% and from 0.1 to 1.4 ng/g, respectively. The residual ABPC concentrations were ≤7.82 ng/g for the skin and ≤0.64 ng/g for the kidney, suggesting below the Japanese provisional maximum residue limits. These results revealed that the analytical method is developed for residue ABPC and that the withdrawal period is appropriate.

  7. LC-MS/MS measurement of ampicillin residue in chicken tissues at 2 days after in-feed administration

    PubMed Central

    HAMAMOTO, Kouko; MIZUNO, Yasuharu

    2017-01-01

    We assessed ampicillin (ABPC) concentrations of liver, kidney and skin at a 2-day withdrawal period in ten male and ten female White Leghorn chickens fed the diet containing ABPC (ABPC medicated feed 40 mg/kg body weight/day) for a week. The ABPC residues were measured with liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry and the mean recoveries and quantitation limits ranged from 93.0% to 102.7% and from 0.1 to 1.4 ng/g, respectively. The residual ABPC concentrations were ≤7.82 ng/g for the skin and ≤0.64 ng/g for the kidney, suggesting below the Japanese provisional maximum residue limits. These results revealed that the analytical method is developed for residue ABPC and that the withdrawal period is appropriate. PMID:28190817

  8. Analysis of diurnal variation of SCu layer using 2 days of CLASS soundings on San Nicolas Island

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Betts, Alan K.

    1990-01-01

    Sixty-nine soundings were taken at San Nicolas Island during the FIRE marine stratocumulus experiment. The archived thermodynamic data at 5mb vertical resolution were reduced to 25mb vertical resolution by averaging. Ceilometer data showed the time variation of cloud-base. A subset of 20 soundings taken during a 2 day period of light winds were analyzed. The soundings are grouped into 6 hr. averages (with 5 soundings in each category) to examine the diurnal variation of the thermodynamic structure. Consistent with the solar heating during the daytime, cloud-base rises during the daytime hours and the cloud layer thins. The subcloud layer also becomes more stable, suggesting some uncoupling of the cloud layer from the surface.

  9. Validation of shortened 2-day sterility testing of mesenchymal stem cell-based therapeutic preparation on an automated culture system.

    PubMed

    Lysák, Daniel; Holubová, Monika; Bergerová, Tamara; Vávrová, Monika; Cangemi, Giuseppina Cristina; Ciccocioppo, Rachele; Kruzliak, Peter; Jindra, Pavel

    2016-03-01

    Cell therapy products represent a new trend of treatment in the field of immunotherapy and regenerative medicine. Their biological nature and multistep preparation procedure require the application of complex release criteria and quality control. Microbial contamination of cell therapy products is a potential source of morbidity in recipients. The automated blood culture systems are widely used for the detection of microorganisms in cell therapy products. However the standard 2-week cultivation period is too long for some cell-based treatments and alternative methods have to be devised. We tried to verify whether a shortened cultivation of the supernatant from the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) culture obtained 2 days before the cell harvest could sufficiently detect microbial growth and allow the release of MSC for clinical application. We compared the standard Ph. Eur. cultivation method and the automated blood culture system BACTEC (Becton Dickinson). The time to detection (TTD) and the detection limit were analyzed for three bacterial and two fungal strains. The Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were recognized within 24 h with both methods (detection limit ~10 CFU). The time required for the detection of Bacillus subtilis was shorter with the automated method (TTD 10.3 vs. 60 h for 10-100 CFU). The BACTEC system reached significantly shorter times to the detection of Candida albicans and Aspergillus brasiliensis growth compared to the classical method (15.5 vs. 48 and 31.5 vs. 48 h, respectively; 10-100 CFU). The positivity was demonstrated within 48 h in all bottles, regardless of the size of the inoculum. This study validated the automated cultivation system as a method able to detect all tested microorganisms within a 48-h period with a detection limit of ~10 CFU. Only in case of B. subtilis, the lowest inoculum (~10 CFU) was not recognized. The 2-day cultivation technique is then capable of confirming the microbiological safety of MSC and

  10. The influences of extremely low frequency magnetic fields on clonidine-induced sleep in 2-day-old chicks.

    PubMed

    Min, Y S; Jeong, J H; Choi, Y M; Lee, B C; Huh, I H; Lee, S Y; Sohn, U D

    2001-08-01

    1. It has been shown that magnetic fields (MFs) affect a variety of biological effects in animal brains. There have been few experiments on the effects of MFs on sleep. Therefore, we investigated whether extremely low frequency (ELF) MFs affect the sleep induced by clonidine, a central alpha(2)-adrenoceptor agonist. Clonidine produced dose-related increase of the sleeping time and dose-related decrease of the onset time in 2-day-old chicks. 2. Exposure of chicks to MFs (5, 10, 20 G; for 3, 6, 9, 12 h) significantly increased the clonidine-induced sleep time as a direct function of intensity and duration of MF application. Clonidine reduced noradrenaline or tyrosine in the brain, an effect which was not further changed in animals exposed to MF. 3. To determine whether the gamma amino butyric acid A (GABA(A))/benzodiazepine (BZD) receptor system is involved in the decrease in clonidine-induced sleep caused by activation of central alpha(2)-adrenergic systems, we examined exposure of chicks to the effects of the BZD receptor antagonist flumazenil (0.5 mg kg(-1), i.p.) and GABA(A) antagonist bicuculline (0.1 mg kg-1, i.p.) on clonidine-induced sleep. Bicuculline and flumazenil inhibited the increase of clonidine-induced sleep time by MFs. Clonidine or MFs did not change GABA levels in the brain. 4. These results suggest that MFs can increase clonidine-induced sleep via a change of GABA(A) and BZD receptor system irrespective of the concentration of GABA or noradrenaline in the brain of 2-day-old chicks.

  11. From First-Year to First-Rate: Principals Guiding Beginning Teachers. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Barbara L.; Grady, Marilyn L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning teachers are often filled with self-doubt and questions regarding school culture and principals' expectations. This book helps one answer teachers' questions and gain strategies to prevent the isolation that many new instructors experience. Updated to meet the challenges facing new teachers today, this revision of the bestseller helps…

  12. From First-Year to First-Rate: Principals Guiding Beginning Teachers. Third Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brock, Barbara L.; Grady, Marilyn L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning teachers are often filled with self-doubt and questions regarding school culture and principals' expectations. This book helps one answer teachers' questions and gain strategies to prevent the isolation that many new instructors experience. Updated to meet the challenges facing new teachers today, this revision of the bestseller helps…

  13. Meeting Demand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daneman, Kathy

    1998-01-01

    Addresses how a school district can use temporary classroom space to meet increasing student enrollment while additional space is being built. Provides examples of using portable facilities to supplement educational sites, including how to protect students who are in portable classrooms when tornadoes appear. (GR)

  14. A New Era in School Construction Begins.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Sara

    2001-01-01

    Provides several recently completed school renovation projects to illustrate how architects are reinventing an old school design model to better accomodate a growing student population and meet the needs of changing educational programs. Photos and floorplans are included.(GR)

  15. A New Era in School Construction Begins.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Sara

    2001-01-01

    Provides several recently completed school renovation projects to illustrate how architects are reinventing an old school design model to better accomodate a growing student population and meet the needs of changing educational programs. Photos and floorplans are included.(GR)

  16. ISKAF2010 Science Meeting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Leeuwen, Joeri

    Radio astronomy - in its broadest sense from metre to sub-millimetre wavelengths - is making a major leap forward. Triggered by the efforts being made towards realising the Square Kilometre Array (SKA), a number of new facilities, or major upgrades of existing facilities, are coming on-line, bringing new excitement among radio astronomers and revitalising the interest of the astronomical community in general. The fantastic capabilities of these new facilities will revolutionise the way we do radio astronomy. The use of innovative technology solutions (including new software approaches and calibration algorithms) is expected to significantly enhance the performance of this new generation of radio telescopes. The associated advances in sensitivity, field-of-view, frequency range and spectral resolution guarantees that new and exciting science will be conducted. We are now truly entering a new golden age for radio astronomy. And this is only the beginning! The meeting takes its inspiration from the opening of the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR) but there are many other telescopes or upgrades that are now coming online. These include the E-VLA, e-MERLIN, e-VLBI, MWA, PAPER, ATA, eSMA, EMBRACE, SCUBA-2, APEX, IRAM, Yebes and ATCA (CABB). Some of these facilities are now beginning to produce their first results. This meeting aims to provide an overview of these first successes and indeed struggles(!), and highlight the future perspective and longer term goals of our community. These initial results will give a first taste of the science (and the challenges) that we will enjoy with the SKA. Several major elements of new telescopes like MEERKAT, ALMA, ASKAP, APERTIF, LWA, SRT and FAST are also expected to be producing some initial technical results around this time - these will also be covered in the programme of the meeting. In summary, we encourage presentations on results that use new or recently upgraded telescopes, or results that use new challenging techniques or address

  17. Aquinas and Contemporary Cosmology: Creation and Beginnings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carroll, William E.

    Discussions in the Middle Ages about creation and the temporal beginning of the world involved sophisticated analyses in theology, metaphysics, and natural philosophy. Mediaeval insights on this subject, especially Thomas Aquinas' defense of the intelligibility of an eternal, created universe, can help to clarify reflections about the philosophical and theological implications of contemporary cosmological theories: from the "singularity" of the Big Bang, to "quantum tunneling from nothing," to multiverse scenarios. Thomas' insights help us to see the value of Georges Lemaître's insistence that his cosmological reflections must be kept separate from an analysis of creation. This essay will look at different senses of "beginning" and examine the claim that creation, in its fundamental meaning, tells us nothing about whether there is a temporal beginning to the universe. Multiverse models, like that recently proposed by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow, may challenge certain views of a Grand Designer, but not of a Creator.

  18. Staff meeting

    ScienceCinema

    None

    2016-07-12

    I would like to invite all members of the CERN Personnel to a meeting on Wednesday 16 January 2008 at 3:00 p.m. Main Auditorium (bldg 500) to convey my best wishes for the new year, to review CERN’s activities during 2007 and to present the perspectives for 2008, the year of the LHC start-up. Closed-circuit transmission of the meeting will be available in the Council Chamber and in the AB Auditorium (Meyrin), the AB Auditorium (Prévessin), the IT Auditorium (Bldg. 31) and the AT Auditorium (Bldg. 30). Simultaneous translation into English will be available in the main Auditorium. Best wishes for the festive season! Robert AYMAR

  19. Meeting information

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The 1986 Ocean Sciences Meeting of the American Geophysical Union and the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) will be held January 13-17, 1986, in New Orleans, La., at the Fairmont Hotel. Co-sponsoring societies are the Acoustical Society of America (ASA), the American Meteorological Society (AMS), the Marine Technology Society (MTS), and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Oceanic Engineering Society (OES).

  20. Public events at Fall Meeting 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Holm Adamec, Bethany

    2012-11-01

    Three much-anticipated events at Fall Meeting are AGU's family science programs, which take place the Sunday before Fall Meeting begins. Beginning at noon on 2 December, the public lecture will be given by Michael Meyer, John Grotzinger, and Rebecca Williams. These three NASA scientists are working with the rover Curiosity, which is currently exploring Mars. They will engage the public in a discussion of Mars exploration and the latest activities of the most sophisticated explorer ever sent to another planet. The panelists will discuss the hopes and excitement of exploring Mars through a robot's eyes, nose, taste, and touch.

  1. Differential adaptive responses to 1- or 2-day fasting in various mouse tissues revealed by quantitative PCR analysis

    PubMed Central

    Yamamoto, Junya; Kamata, Shotaro; Miura, Asumi; Nagata, Tomoko; Kainuma, Ryo; Ishii, Isao

    2015-01-01

    Dietary or caloric restriction confers various clinical benefits. Short-term fasting of mice is a common experimental procedure that may involve systemic metabolic remodeling, which may significantly affect experimental outputs. This study evaluated adaptive cellular responses after 1- or 2-day fasting in 13 mouse tissues by quantitative PCR using 15 marker primer sets for the activation of ubiquitin–proteasome (Atrogin-1 and MuRF1), autophagy–lysosome (LC3b, p62 and Lamp2), amino acid response (Asns, Trib3, Herpud1, xCT, and Chop), Nrf2-mediated antioxidant (HO-1 and Gsta1), and amino acid transport (Slc38a2, Slc7a5, and Slc7a1) systems. Differential activation profiles obtained in seven highly (thymus, liver, spleen, and small intestine) or mildly (stomach, kidney, and colon) atrophied tissues as well as in six non-atrophied tissues (brain, eye, lung, heart, skeletal muscle, and testis) suggested tissue-specific active metabolic remodeling. PMID:25973363

  2. Serum tri-iodothyronine, thyroxine, and thyrotrophin concentrations in newborns during the first 2 days of life.

    PubMed Central

    Similä, S; Koivisto, M; Ranta, T; Leppäluoto, J; Reinilä, M; Haapalahti, J

    1975-01-01

    The serum concentrations of tri-iodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), and thyrotrophin (TSH) were measured in 10 term newborn infants between birth and the age of 2 days by radioimmunoassay. The mean concentration of T3 in maternal serum was 1.62 mug/l, and it increased from the low cord blood level of 0-63 mug/l to the peak value of 1-76 mug/l within the first 2 hours of life. Mean serum T4 concentrations increased from the cord blood level of 145 mug/l to the peak value of 205 mug/l within the first 24 hours of life. The postnatal increase of the mean serum TSH concentrations from the cord blood level of 5-7 mU/l to the peak value of 20-6 mU/l within 2 hours was similar to the increase of T3. These data confirm earlier reports which show that T3 secretion is low at birth and TSH secretion is stimulated strongly but transiently after birth, and that the low T3 secretion is rapidly normalized in 2 hours along with the TSH release. Because of these strong and rapid changes, we recommend screening of the function of the pituitary-thyroid axis in neonates after the age of 24 hours. PMID:1167070

  3. The Oxford Picture Dictionary. Beginning Workbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuchs, Marjorie

    The beginning workbook of the Oxford Picture Dictionary is in full color and offers vocabulary reinforcement activities that correspond page for page with the dictionary. Clear and simple instructions with examples make it suitable for independent use in the classroom or at home. The workbook has up-to-date art and graphics, explaining over 3700…

  4. Beginning Practicum Experiences: Anxiety and Its Consequences.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yager, Geoffrey G.; Beck, Terry F.

    Beginning counselors are rarely able to avoid anxiety during early counseling sessions. The fears involved in demonstrating counseling arise from: (1) irrational beliefs concerning "the perfect response;" (2) academic coursework which seems to equate psychological illness with poor counseling skills; (3) uncertainty about necessary skills; and (4)…

  5. Word Learning in Beginning Readers and Prereaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehri, Linnea C.

    This study reveals that children from the age of four to six years are unable to segment meaningful sentences into component words. The experiment investigated three hypotheses of performance on a word-learning task for beginning readers and prereaders. Readers and prereaders were taught five words as oral responses, each word paired with a…

  6. Enhancing Intercultural Competence: Begin with the Family.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Supon, Viola

    To increase intercultural competence, early childhood educators must think globally and act locally, providing their young students with an awareness of different cultures. Teachers can begin and continue the process of teaching intercultural competence by focusing on the family unit. This focus should include four steps: (1) promoting advocacy…

  7. Emotional Intelligence and Beginning Teacher Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Justice, Madeline; Espinoza, Sue

    2007-01-01

    According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Texas will need over 82,000 new teachers by 2008. Many teachers are leaving the profession within 5 years of being employed. Closing a revolving door, teacher preparation programs are discussing this phenomenon. One hundred sixty beginning teacher candidates were surveyed using the Emotional Skills…

  8. Beginning Teachers' Understanding Performances of Technology Integration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gao, Ping; Wong, Angela F. L.; Choy, Doris; Wu, Jing

    2011-01-01

    As part of a two-year, mixed methods study, the focus of this paper reports the qualitative findings that are related to nine beginning teachers' learning to teach with Information and Communication Technology (ICT) during their first year of teaching. It aims to explore how these teachers deepen their understanding performances of technology…

  9. Mentoring Beginning Teachers and Goal Setting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Peter; Hudson, Sue

    2016-01-01

    Australia has delineated a new direction for teacher education by embedding mentoring programs for teachers who support early-careers teachers as a system approach. This case study investigated how mentors after involvement in a mentoring professional learning program focused on goal setting with beginning teachers in their schools. Data were…

  10. Beginning Readers for Speakers of Divergent Dialects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baratz, Joan C.

    Linguistic interference as a key factor in the acquisition of reading skills by inner-city black children is explored. Examples of syntactic and phonetic structures in the black dialect which are different from standard English and the role these differences play in beginning reading are given. The use of dialect-based texts allows the child to…

  11. Mozart Effect: Sound Beginnings? Infants and Toddlers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Rick

    1999-01-01

    Notes that outcomes of the "Mozart Effect" on early brain development are not thoroughly proven and presents challenges for future research. Points out that it is still unknown at what age exposure to musical concepts should begin, and that parents should allow children to pursue musical interests at their own pace to avoid burnout at a…

  12. Symposium: A Beginning in the Humanities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Peter; Fry, Paul H.; Carnochan, W. B.; Culler, Jonathan; Lerer, Seth; Marshall, Donald G.; Johnson, Barbara; Steiner, Wendy; Haack, Susan; Nussbaum, Martha C.

    2002-01-01

    2001 marked Yale's 300th birthday. It seemed an opportunity for reflection on the evolution of the institution, and particularly on the vicissitudes of the humanities over those three centuries. This article presents essays which represent a selection from the symposium, "Beginning With the Humanities," held at the Whitney Humanities Center on…

  13. The Simultaneity of Beginning Teachers' Practical Intentions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    Teachers use their practical intentions--their in-the-moment goals and concerns--to craft their spontaneous classroom decisions. This research study explored the content of (and relationship between) beginning teachers' practical intentions by asking six student teachers in mathematics to participate in a stimulated recall interview of their…

  14. The Simultaneity of Beginning Teachers' Practical Intentions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zimmerman, Aaron

    2015-01-01

    Teachers use their practical intentions--their in-the-moment goals and concerns--to craft their spontaneous classroom decisions. This research study explored the content of (and relationship between) beginning teachers' practical intentions by asking six student teachers in mathematics to participate in a stimulated recall interview of their…

  15. The "White Canvas" Approach to Beginning Conducting.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mailman, Matthew

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the white canvas approach to beginning conducting, a basic mirror conducting of both hands generating the symmetrical takt, or beat, that represents the basic foundation of conducting. Focuses on such issues as conducting as communication, conducting at the tip of the baton, and extension beyond the white canvas approach. (CMK)

  16. Early Beginnings in Outdoor Education: Historical Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Julie A.

    2000-01-01

    Outdoor education has roots in the Nature Study Movement of the late 1800s; organized camping, which was started by groups such as the Young Men's and Women's Christian Association and the Boy and Girl Scouts; progressive education; and environmental education. Several doctoral dissertations in 1930 mark the beginning of outdoor education as a…

  17. Teachers and Mothers: Facing New Beginnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumwalt, Karen Kepler

    1984-01-01

    New mothers and beginning teachers face many of the same types of feelings and experiences as they learn to cope with their new roles. Implications for changing the conditions of support for new teachers and suggestions for involving more individuals in teaching are offered. (DF)

  18. Beginning Teachers' Responses to Education Reform Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adoniou, Misty

    2016-01-01

    National education reform agendas are increasingly prevalent in school systems around the world. Whilst we have a substantial body of research exploring the ways in which schools manage change agendas, there is less discussion of the impacts these agendas may have on beginning teachers and their retention in the profession. Here I report on a…

  19. Nonfiction Readers Theatre for Beginning Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredericks, Anthony D.

    2007-01-01

    Test scores across the country show American students are far more able to read narrative than nonfiction text. Some research speculates this is due to a great lack in the background knowledge of many children. Librarians are beginning to realize that a unique fit for the school librarian is as a provider of background knowledge materials for…

  20. Work Environment Predictors of Beginning Teacher Burnout

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goddard, Richard; O'Brien, Patrick; Goddard, Marion

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated elements of school environments that explain variance in burnout scores in a sample of university graduates from Brisbane, Australia, two years after they commenced work as teachers. Using a longitudinal survey methodology, 79 beginning teachers completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) on four occasions over a two-year…

  1. Southwestern Area Beginning Students Lack Language Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newton, Ray

    1980-01-01

    Twenty-five community colleges and universities in Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico responded to a questionnaire evaluating general overall writing quality of beginning journalism students. Responses support the conclusions that journalism departments may need to lower standards, require English proficiency examinations, and institute…

  2. Community Living Skills Guide: Beginning Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huebner, Martha; Kreps, Alice Roelofs, Ed.

    One of twenty course guides in the Community Living Skills Guide for the College for Living series, this document provides guidelines and workbook activities for the course, Beginning Spanish. The series of courses for developmentally disabled adults is intended to supplement residential programs and to aid in orienting institutionalized persons…

  3. Essential Knowledges and Skills for Beginning Principals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Noeline

    The purpose of this literature review is to produce a list of essential knowledge and skills for beginning principals. Research on the principalship falls into two distinct categories: prescriptive and descriptive. Prescriptive research emphasizes the perceived or idealized role of the principal as "bold innovator" or "creative…

  4. Before the Year Begins. Classroom Tips

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Good teachers know that the physical environment of the classroom can either enhance or hinder learning. Appropriate room preparation and arrangement of materials reserves class time for learning, while inadequate planning interferes with instruction by causing interruptions and delays. Before the year begins, effective classroom managers…

  5. BEGINNING POLISH, VOLUME TWO. YALE LINGUISTIC SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SCHENKER, ALEXANDER M.

    THIS BOOK OF DRILLS IS DESIGNED SPECIFICALLY FOR CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION. ITS PURPOSE IS TO SUPPLEMENT, RATHER THAN CONTINUE, VOLUME I OF "BEGINNING POLISH." IT EXPANDS THE PATTERN DRILLS GIVEN IN THE "SENTENCES" OF VOLUME I AND ADDS TO THE ILLUSTRATIONS PROVIDED IN THE "GRAMMAR." PARALLELING THE STRUCTURE OF VOLUME I, IT HAS 25 LESSONS, DIVIDED IN…

  6. Reading Strategies for Beginning and Proficient Readers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atterman, Jennifer S.

    The single most important task facing elementary school teachers today is teaching students to read by the end of third grade. Learning to read in those formative years is essential to develop the higher order thinking skills demanded in the older grades, when students are reading to learn. Beginning readers must be engaged in highly purposeful…

  7. BEGINNING INDONESIAN. VOLUME 4 AND GLOSSARY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DYEN, ISIDORE

    VOLUME 4 OF A 4-VOLUME WORK ON BEGINNING INDONESIAN CONTAINS LESSONS 19-24 OF A TOTAL OF 24. INCLUDED IN THIS FINAL VOLUME IS A GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND LESSONS WHICH PROVIDE DRILLS IN BASIC INDONESIAN SENTENCE PATTERNS INVOLVING THE USE OF FORMAL AND INFORMAL WORDS, ADJECTIVES, CLOSELY ASSOCIATED SECOND VERBS, COMPARATIVES, PREFIXES, AND SUFFIXES.…

  8. Beginning Teachers' Confidence before and after Induction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turley, Steve; Powers, Kristin; Nakai, Karen

    2006-01-01

    Levels of confidence of novice teachers were investigated pre- and post-induction program. In sum, 119 beginning teachers completed a New Teacher Confidence Survey on 28 teaching performance behaviors. There was a statistically significant confidence gain from pre- to postinduction on 20 of 28 teaching behaviors. Statistically significant gains…

  9. Teachers and Mothers: Facing New Beginnings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zumwalt, Karen Kepler

    1984-01-01

    New mothers and beginning teachers face many of the same types of feelings and experiences as they learn to cope with their new roles. Implications for changing the conditions of support for new teachers and suggestions for involving more individuals in teaching are offered. (DF)

  10. A Process of Assessing Beginning Teacher Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Jack V.

    1978-01-01

    During an academic year, approximately 60 beginning teachers are assigned to classrooms in the Barrow and Gaines Elementary field centers in Clarke County, Georgia. A checklist consisting of eleven competencies with specific indicators is used to evaluate the performance of each student. (Author)

  11. Beginning Fencing, Physical Education: 5551.53.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McInerney, Marjorie

    This course outline is a guide for teaching the principles and basic fundamentals of beginning fencing in grades 7-12. The course format includes lectures and demonstrations, skills practice, films, and class competition, which focus on mastery of skills, rules and etiquette, care and repair of equipment, safety, and development of techniques and…

  12. Mozart Effect: Sound Beginnings? Infants and Toddlers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caulfield, Rick

    1999-01-01

    Notes that outcomes of the "Mozart Effect" on early brain development are not thoroughly proven and presents challenges for future research. Points out that it is still unknown at what age exposure to musical concepts should begin, and that parents should allow children to pursue musical interests at their own pace to avoid burnout at a…

  13. Supporting the Digitally Able Beginning Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkey, Louise

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on research which explored the experiences six digitally able beginning teachers during their first year in secondary schools. Using a complexity theoretical framework, the barriers and enablers that influenced the integration of digital technologies into teaching practice were examined. The findings indicate that context…

  14. Community Living Skills Guide: Beginning Woodworking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Steve; Smith, Don

    This is one of twenty course guides in the Community Living Skills Guide for the College for Living series which provides guidelines and workbook activities for the course, Beginning Woodworking, Use of Basic Hand Tools and Shop Safety. The series of courses for developmentally disabled adults is intended to supplement residential programs and to…

  15. Supporting the Digitally Able Beginning Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Starkey, Louise

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on research which explored the experiences six digitally able beginning teachers during their first year in secondary schools. Using a complexity theoretical framework, the barriers and enablers that influenced the integration of digital technologies into teaching practice were examined. The findings indicate that context…

  16. Beginning Teachers' Responses to Education Reform Agendas

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adoniou, Misty

    2016-01-01

    National education reform agendas are increasingly prevalent in school systems around the world. Whilst we have a substantial body of research exploring the ways in which schools manage change agendas, there is less discussion of the impacts these agendas may have on beginning teachers and their retention in the profession. Here I report on a…

  17. Emotional Intelligence and Beginning Teacher Candidates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Justice, Madeline; Espinoza, Sue

    2007-01-01

    According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Texas will need over 82,000 new teachers by 2008. Many teachers are leaving the profession within 5 years of being employed. Closing a revolving door, teacher preparation programs are discussing this phenomenon. One hundred sixty beginning teacher candidates were surveyed using the Emotional Skills…

  18. Community Living Skills Guide: Beginning Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huebner, Martha; Kreps, Alice Roelofs, Ed.

    One of twenty course guides in the Community Living Skills Guide for the College for Living series, this document provides guidelines and workbook activities for the course, Beginning Spanish. The series of courses for developmentally disabled adults is intended to supplement residential programs and to aid in orienting institutionalized persons…

  19. 38 CFR 21.9625 - Beginning dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...) (b) Certification for program of education that leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the... that does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When an eligible individual enrolls at an... to a standard college degree, the beginning date of the award of educational assistance will be...

  20. 38 CFR 21.9625 - Beginning dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...) (b) Certification for program of education that leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the... that does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When an eligible individual enrolls at an... to a standard college degree, the beginning date of the award of educational assistance will be...

  1. 38 CFR 21.9625 - Beginning dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...) (b) Certification for program of education that leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the... that does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When an eligible individual enrolls at an... to a standard college degree, the beginning date of the award of educational assistance will be...

  2. 38 CFR 21.9625 - Beginning dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...) (b) Certification for program of education that leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the... that does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When an eligible individual enrolls at an... to a standard college degree, the beginning date of the award of educational assistance will be...

  3. 38 CFR 21.9625 - Beginning dates.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...) (b) Certification for program of education that leads to a standard college degree. (1) When the... that does not lead to a standard college degree. (1) When an eligible individual enrolls at an... to a standard college degree, the beginning date of the award of educational assistance will be...

  4. Symposium: A Beginning in the Humanities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Peter; Fry, Paul H.; Carnochan, W. B.; Culler, Jonathan; Lerer, Seth; Marshall, Donald G.; Johnson, Barbara; Steiner, Wendy; Haack, Susan; Nussbaum, Martha C.

    2002-01-01

    2001 marked Yale's 300th birthday. It seemed an opportunity for reflection on the evolution of the institution, and particularly on the vicissitudes of the humanities over those three centuries. This article presents essays which represent a selection from the symposium, "Beginning With the Humanities," held at the Whitney Humanities Center on…

  5. Conceptual Mis(understandings) of Beginning Undergraduates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galbraith, Peter; Haines, Christopher

    2000-01-01

    Proposes a taxonomy of three levels in increasing order of mathematical demand in order to understand a set of mathematical skills of some importance to beginning undergraduates in engineering and mathematics. Suggests that the constructed instrument is robust and the taxonomy used is effective. (Contains 22 references.) (Author/ASK)

  6. Nonfiction Readers Theatre for Beginning Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredericks, Anthony D.

    2007-01-01

    Test scores across the country show American students are far more able to read narrative than nonfiction text. Some research speculates this is due to a great lack in the background knowledge of many children. Librarians are beginning to realize that a unique fit for the school librarian is as a provider of background knowledge materials for…

  7. A New Beginning for LEP Students?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ariza, Maria J.

    New Beginning is a transitional program for limited-English-proficient (LEP) secondary school students in Dade County, Florida whose prior school experience was interrupted or limited. The program currently serves 102 students in four schools. Most participants are Hispanic or Haitian. Students are selected by district-wide criteria and grouped in…

  8. Effective Principal Leadership for Beginning Teachers' Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fultz, David; Gimbert, Belinda

    2009-01-01

    With degree in hand, and ink nearly dry on their first contract, new teachers enter the educational field ready to change students' lives. Filled with hopes, ideas, and excitement, they file into classrooms and begin classroom preparations for their first year. More often than not, novice educators appear to be easily and quickly overwhelmed by…

  9. 77 FR 60707 - National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors; Announcement of Meeting; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-04

    ... http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/165 . DATES: Meeting: December 11, 2012, beginning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern... and other meeting materials are at http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/165 . Webcast: The meeting will be..., will be posted on the BSC meeting Web site ( http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/165 ) or may be requested in...

  10. 76 FR 2084 - North Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-12

    ... the Renaissance Hotel, 515 Madison Street, South Room, Seattle, WA. DATES: The Council will begin its... sessions. ADDRESSES: The meetings will be held at the Renaissance Hotel, 515 Madison Street, Seattle,...

  11. 20 CFR 218.14 - When a child annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child annuity begins. 218.14 Section... ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.14 When a child annuity begins. (a) A child annuity begins on the later of either the date chosen by the applicant or the earliest...

  12. 20 CFR 218.14 - When a child annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When a child annuity begins. 218.14 Section... ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.14 When a child annuity begins. (a) A child annuity begins on the later of either the date chosen by the applicant or the earliest...

  13. 20 CFR 218.14 - When a child annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a child annuity begins. 218.14 Section... ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.14 When a child annuity begins. (a) A child annuity begins on the later of either the date chosen by the applicant or the earliest...

  14. 20 CFR 218.14 - When a child annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When a child annuity begins. 218.14 Section... ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.14 When a child annuity begins. (a) A child annuity begins on the later of either the date chosen by the applicant or the earliest...

  15. Pathogenesis of type 2 turkey astroviruses with variant capsid genes in 2-day-old specific pathogen free poults.

    PubMed

    Pantin-Jackwood, Mary J; Spackman, Erica; Day, J Michael

    2008-04-01

    The pathogenicity of three different type 2 turkey astroviruses (TAstV-2) was studied in specific pathogen free turkeys. These viruses differ based on sequence analysis of the capsid gene. Poults were inoculated at 2 days of age and examined during 14 days for clinical signs and virus shedding. All inoculated poults presented signs of enteric disease including diarrhoea and growth depression. Virus presence and shedding was detected by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction from intestinal contents and cloacal swabs collected at 3, 7 and 14 days post-inoculation. Viraemia was also confirmed by this method. Common lesions observed at necropsy were dehydration; distended intestines filled with watery contents and undigested feed, and dilated caeca with foamy contents. Microscopic lesions present in the intestines consisted of mild crypt hyperplasia, villous atrophy and lymphocytic infiltration, and were most common in the jejunum. Presence of the viruses was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and by in situ hybridization in both villi and crypt enterocytes in the jejunum and, less frequently, the duodenum, ileum and caeca. Mild lesions consisting mainly of lymphocytic infiltration were also observed in other organs including the pancreas, liver, spleen and kidneys. Mild to moderate bursal atrophy occurred in all TAstV-2-infected poults examined; however, no specific viral staining was observed in this organ or any other tissues examined apart from the intestines. In conclusion, TAstV-2 viruses with variant capsids produce a similar enteric disease in young turkeys and may also affect the immune system of the birds by causing bursal lymphoid depletion.

  16. Being normal, not vulnerable: case study of a 2-day residential programme for young adults with cancer.

    PubMed

    Martins, Ana; Taylor, Rachel M; Morgan, Sue; Fern, Lorna A

    2017-07-13

    To identify and describe the outcomes and facilitating processes of participation at 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' (FYSOT), a 2-day residential programme/conference for young people with cancer, from the perspective of professionals attending and patient representatives. Case study. Observation of the 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' over 18s residential programme and face-to-face interviews in hospital and phone interviews. Twenty-six participants - 19 professionals from hospitals across the UK who accompanied young people to FYSOT; 3 programme organisers; and 4 young people from the programme steering committee. Participant observation and semistructured interviews. This process evaluation of an educational, social and peer-to-peer support residential weekend for young people with cancer identified key outcomes for young people - positive attitudes (increased sociability, confidence), belonging (feeling accepted, understood), recreation (trying new activities, having fun) and increased knowledge (balance between educational talks and interactions with other young people); and three overarching facilitating processes - being with other young people, the professionals accompanying young people to the event for support and guidance, and the conference/intentional programming. Being in a safe, relaxed and fun environment with other young people facilitates the development of peer support networks and increases young people's confidence and knowledge. Although the focus of the residential programme is on young people, interviewees acknowledge the impact of attending on professionals' motivation, learning and changes in practice. This study has extended our understanding of the role of residential programmes by identifying outcomes and facilitating mechanisms. We have shown that residential programmes have an important role in providing participants with social, emotional and informational support, as well as play an important role in redefining normality. Longitudinal

  17. Global distribution and variability of quasi 2 day waves based on the NOGAPS-ALPHA reanalysis model

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pancheva, Dora; Mukhtarov, Plamen; Siskind, David E.; Smith, Anne K.

    2016-11-01

    This study presents the analysis of 14 months (January 2009 to February 2010) of continuous hourly Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System-Advanced Level Physics High Altitude reanalysis data used for examining the quasi 2 day wave (QTDW). The global structure and seasonal variability of the eastward and westward traveling QTDWs in all meteorological fields (geopotential height, zonal and meridional wind, and temperature) have been studied. The use of hourly reanalysis data allows a comprehensive understanding of the global spatial-temporal QTDW distribution by simultaneous separations of all tides and planetary waves. The wave characteristics (amplitudes and phases) are presented in latitude range ±80° and altitudes from 15 to 95 km. Two different types of eastward traveling waves are identified: (i) waves at middle and high latitudes with zonal wave numbers 2 and 3, which are observed in the local winters, and (ii) waves observed predominantly over the equator with zonal wave number 2, which do not have a well-defined seasonal variability but show some enhancement between June and August. While the first type waves are seen in all meteorological fields, the second ones are not seen in the meridional wind and belong to the ultrafast Kelvin waves. Two different types of westward traveling waves have been identified as well: (i) waves at middle and high latitudes with zonal wave numbers 2, 3, and 4, which are observed mainly in summer hemisphere, and (ii) waves observed predominantly over the equator with zonal wave numbers 1, 2, and 3, enhanced predominantly at both solstices but are seen in other seasons as well. While the first type waves are seen in all meteorological fields, the second ones are observed in the meridional wind and are Rossby-gravity normal modes.

  18. Promoting Literacy Development for Beginning English Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauer, Eurydice Bouchereau; Arazi, Juliana

    2011-01-01

    Studies show that teachers struggle with meeting the needs of immigrant students, especially recent arrivals (Szente, Hoot, & Taylor, 2006; Tadesse, Hoot, & Watson-Thompson, 2009). To some extent, this is due to the instructional method and unfamiliar curriculum to the students. This column presents elements of one teacher's literacy instruction…

  19. Promoting Literacy Development for Beginning English Learners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bauer, Eurydice Bouchereau; Arazi, Juliana

    2011-01-01

    Studies show that teachers struggle with meeting the needs of immigrant students, especially recent arrivals (Szente, Hoot, & Taylor, 2006; Tadesse, Hoot, & Watson-Thompson, 2009). To some extent, this is due to the instructional method and unfamiliar curriculum to the students. This column presents elements of one teacher's literacy instruction…

  20. Did time begin? Will time end?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Frampton, Paul H.,

    ch. 1. Why do many other scientists believe time began at a big bang? -- ch. 2. Smoothness of the universe -- ch. 3. Structure in the universe -- ch. 4. Dark matter and dark energy -- ch. 5. Composition of the universe's energy -- ch. 6. Possible futures of the universe -- ch. 7. Advantages of cyclic cosmology -- ch. 8. Summary of answers to the questions: did time begin? Will time end?

  1. Human organisms begin to exist at fertilization.

    PubMed

    Miller, Calum; Pruss, Alexander

    2017-09-01

    Eugene Mills has recently argued that human organisms cannot begin to exist at fertilization because the evidence suggests that egg cells persist through fertilization and simply turn into zygotes. He offers two main arguments for this conclusion: that 'fertilized egg' commits no conceptual fallacy, and that on the face of it, it looks as though egg cells survive fertilization when the process is watched through a microscope. We refute these arguments and offer several reasons of our own to think that egg cells do not survive fertilization, appealing to various forms of essentialism regarding persons, fission cases, and a detailed discussion of the biological facts relevant to fertilization and genetics. We conclude that it is plausible, therefore, that human organisms begin to exist at fertilization - or, at the very least, that there are grounds for thinking that they existed as zygotes which do not apply to the prior egg cells. While this does not entail that human persons begin to exist at this point, it nevertheless has considerable significance for this latter question. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  2. Meeting Abstracts - Annual Meeting 2016.

    PubMed

    2016-04-01

    The AMCP Abstracts program provides a forum through which authors can share their insights and outcomes of advanced managed care practice through publication in AMCP's Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy (JMCP). Most of the reviewed and unreviewed abstracts are presented as posters so that interested AMCP meeting attendees can review findings and query authors. The Student/Resident/ Fellow poster presentation (unreviewed) is Wednesday, April 20, 2016, and the Professional poster presentation (reviewed) is Thursday, April 21. The Professional posters will also be displayed on Friday, April 22. The reviewed abstracts are published in the JMCP Meeting Abstracts supplement. The AMCP Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy Annual Meeting 2016 in San Francisco, California, is expected to attract more than 3,500 managed care pharmacists and other health care professionals who manage and evaluate drug therapies, develop and manage networks, and work with medical managers and information specialists to improve the care of all individuals enrolled in managed care programs. Abstracts were submitted in the following categories: Research Report: describe completed original research on managed care pharmacy services or health care interventions. Examples include (but are not limited to) observational studies using administrative claims, reports of the impact of unique benefit design strategies, and analyses of the effects of innovative administrative or clinical programs. Economic Model: describe models that predict the effect of various benefit design or clinical decisions on a population. For example, an economic model could be used to predict the budget impact of a new pharmaceutical product on a health care system. Solving Problems in Managed Care: describe the specific steps taken to introduce a needed change, develop and implement a new system or program, plan and organize an administrative function, or solve other types of problems in managed care settings. These

  3. Meeting Venus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sterken, Christiaan; Aspaas, Per Pippin

    2013-06-01

    On 2-3 June 2012, the University of Tromsoe hosted a conference about the cultural and scientific history of the transits of Venus. The conference took place in Tromsoe for two very specific reasons. First and foremost, the last transit of Venus of this century lent itself to be observed on the disc of the Midnight Sun in this part of Europe during the night of 5 to 6 June 2012. Second, several Venus transit expeditions in this region were central in the global enterprise of measuring the scale of the solar system in the eighteenth century. The site of the conference was the Nordnorsk Vitensenter (Science Centre of Northern Norway), which is located at the campus of the University of Tromsoe. After the conference, participants were invited to either stay in Tromsoe until the midnight of 5-6 June, or take part in a Venus transit voyage in Finnmark, during which the historical sites Vardoe, Hammerfest, and the North Cape were to be visited. The post-conference program culminated with the participants observing the transit of Venus in or near Tromsoe, Vardoe and even from a plane near Alta. These Proceedings contain a selection of the lectures delivered on 2-3 June 2012, and also a narrative description of the transit viewing from Tromsoe, Vardoe and Alta. The title of the book, Meeting Venus, refers the title of a play by the Hungarian film director, screenwriter and opera director Istvan Szabo (1938-). The autobiographical movie Meeting Venus (1991) directed by him is based on his experience directing Tannhauser at the Paris Opera in 1984. The movie brings the story of an imaginary international opera company that encounters a never ending series of difficulties and pitfalls that symbolise the challenges of any multicultural and international endeavour. As is evident from the many papers presented in this book, Meeting Venus not only contains the epic tales of the transits of the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it also covers the conference

  4. School Board Meetings and the First Amendment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pickrell, Thomas W.

    2000-01-01

    This article reviews some of the First Amendment issues that school boards and their legal counsel often encounter during a school board meeting. The discussion necessarily begins with a brief review of the public forum doctrine, under which is included the traditional public forum, the designated public forum, and the nonpublic forum. The article…

  5. 78 FR 66074 - Sunshine Act Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office NATIONAL COUNCIL ON DISABILITY Sunshine Act Meeting Correction Notice document 2013-25871, beginning on page 65006 in the issue of Wednesday, October 30, 2013, was inadvertently published. It should not have appeared in that...

  6. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards. Meeting Professional Cluster.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document, which is intended as a guide for workforce preparation program providers, details the Illinois occupational skill standards for programs preparing students for employment in the meeting professional occupational cluster. It begins with a brief overview of the Illinois perspective on occupational skill standards and credentialing,…

  7. American bioethics: many beginnings, but one origin.

    PubMed

    Shuster, Evelyne; Annas, George J

    2009-12-01

    Bioethics is an American invention. This sweeping statement is meant to certify the birthplace of bioethics and to secure possession of a new field. However, it is one thing to name a place of birth to appropriate afield; it is another to identify its actual date of birth, which would also designate the events that prompted its creation. In this article we explore the alternative birthdays of American bioethics with an aim of identifying its actual origin (in the context of its many beginnings) which, we suggest, helps to set its human rights agenda for future work.

  8. Superbend era begins swiftly at the ALS

    SciTech Connect

    Robinson, Art; Tamura, Lori

    2001-11-29

    The successful installation and commissioning of high-field superconducting bend magnets (superbends) in three curved sectors of ALS storage ring was the first time the magnet lattice of an operating synchrotron light source has been retrofitted in this fundamental way. As a result, the ALS now offers an expanded spectral range well into the hard x-ray region without compromising either the number of undulators or their high brightness in the soft x-ray region for which the ALS design was originally optimized. In sum, when the superbend-enhanced ALS started up for user operations in October 2001, it marked the beginning of a new era in its history.

  9. Transcription Blockage Leads to New Beginnings

    PubMed Central

    Andrade-Lima, Leonardo C.; Veloso, Artur; Ljungman, Mats

    2015-01-01

    Environmental agents are constantly challenging cells by damaging DNA, leading to the blockage of transcription elongation. How do cells deal with transcription-blockage and how is transcription restarted after the blocking lesions are removed? Here we review the processes responsible for the removal of transcription-blocking lesions, as well as mechanisms of transcription restart. We also discuss recent data suggesting that blocked RNA polymerases may not resume transcription from the site of the lesion following its removal but, rather, are forced to start over from the beginning of genes. PMID:26197343

  10. Behaviorism and the beginnings of close reading.

    PubMed

    Gang, Joshua

    2011-01-01

    Many of close reading's most enduring assumptions and techniques have their origins in psychological behaviorism. Beginning with I. A. Richards's critical work from the 1920s, this article demonstrates the central place of behaviorist ideas in New Critical theories of poetry. Despite explicitly disparaging Richards's behavioristic poetics, Brooks's Well Wrought Urn and Wimsatt and Beardsley's "intentional fallacy" perpetuated behaviorism's influence on literary criticism. This article traces how the New Critics translated behavioristic psychology into poetic formalism and discusses the implications of this for contemporary critical practice.

  11. 75 FR 51441 - Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (MAFMC); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-20

    ... Council's Visioning Project Committee will hold a meeting to begin development of the Visioning Project... meeting is to begin the development of the Council's Visioning Project. The discussion will include the... 17, 2010. William D. Chappell, Acting Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries, National Marine...

  12. 45 CFR 2102.1 - Times and places of meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Times and places of meetings. 2102.1 Section 2102.1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS MEETINGS..., beginning at 10 a.m., at its offices in Suite 312, 441 F Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001, except that by...

  13. 76 FR 64073 - New England Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-17

    ... Beginning at 9 a.m.--Recreational Advisory Panel The Recreational Advisory Panel (RAP) will meet to develop... Council at its November 15-17, 2011 meeting. The RAP will review information on fishing year 2010 catches.... The RAP will also review groundfish management priorities for 2012 and may develop recommendations...

  14. 45 CFR 2102.1 - Times and places of meetings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Times and places of meetings. 2102.1 Section 2102.1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) COMMISSION OF FINE ARTS MEETINGS..., beginning at 10 a.m., at its offices in Suite 312, 441 F Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20001, except that by...

  15. 78 FR 24186 - Notice of Public Hearing and Business Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-24

    ..., Pennsylvania. Public Hearing. The public hearing on May 7, 2013 will run from 12:00 p.m. until approximately 4... concerning these items. Business Meeting. The business meeting on May 8, 2013 will begin at 12:15 p.m. and.... Among the items scheduled for consideration on May 8 is Docket No. D-1969-210 CP-13 for the...

  16. VLT Data Flow System Begins Operation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1999-06-01

    conceived as a complex digital facility to explore the Universe. In order for astronomers to be able to use this marvellous research tool in the most efficient manner possible, the VLT computer software and hardware systems must guarantee a smooth flow of scientific information through the entire system. This process starts when the astronomers submit well-considered proposals for observing time and it ends with large volumes of valuable astronomical data being distributed to the international astronomical community. For this, ESO has produced an integrated collection of software and hardware, known as the VLT Data Flow System (DFS) , that manages and facilitates the flow of scientific information within the VLT Observatory. Early information about this new concept was published as ESO Press Release 12/96 and extensive tests were first carried out at ESOs 3.5-m New Technology Telescope (NTT) at La Silla, cf. ESO Press Release 03/97 [1]. The VLT DFS is a complete (end-to-end) system that guarantees the highest data quality by optimization of the observing process and repeated checks that identify and eliminate any problems. It also introduces automatic calibration of the data, i.e. the removal of external effects introduced by the atmospheric conditions at the time of the observations, as well as the momentary state of the telescope and the instruments. From Proposals to Observations In order to obtain observing time with ESO telescopes, also with the VLT, astronomers must submit a detailed observing proposal to the ESO Observing Programmes Committee (OPC) . It meets twice a year and ranks the proposals according to scientific merit. More than 1000 proposals are submitted each year, mostly by astronomers from the ESO members states and Chile; the competition is fierce and only a fraction of the total demand for observing time can be fulfilled. During the submission of observing proposals, DFS software tools available over the World Wide Web enable the astronomers to simulate

  17. Hot Meetings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chiu, Mary

    2002-01-01

    A colleague walked by my office one time as I was conducting a meeting. There were about five or six members of my team present. The colleague, a man who had been with our institution (The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Lab, a.k.a. APL) for many years, could not help eavesdropping. He said later it sounded like we we re having a raucous argument, and he wondered whether he should stand by the door in case things got out of hand and someone threw a punch. Our Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) team was a hot group, to invoke the language that is fashionable today, although we never thought of ourselves in those terms. It was just our modus operandi. The tenor of the discussion got loud and volatile at times, but I prefer to think of it as animated, robust, or just plain collaborative. Mary Chiu and her "hot" team from the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory built the Advanced Composition Explorer spacecraft for NASA. Instruments on the spacecraft continue to collect data that inform us about what's happening on our most important star, the Sun.

  18. 20 CFR 218.15 - When a parent annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2014-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a parent annuity begins. 218.15 Section 218.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.15 When a parent annuity begins. A...

  19. 20 CFR 218.15 - When a parent annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When a parent annuity begins. 218.15 Section 218.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.15 When a parent annuity begins. A...

  20. 20 CFR 218.15 - When a parent annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true When a parent annuity begins. 218.15 Section 218.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.15 When a parent annuity begins. A...

  1. 20 CFR 218.15 - When a parent annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When a parent annuity begins. 218.15 Section 218.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.15 When a parent annuity begins. A...

  2. 20 CFR 218.15 - When a parent annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When a parent annuity begins. 218.15 Section 218.15 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT ANNUITY BEGINNING AND ENDING DATES When an Annuity Begins § 218.15 When a parent annuity begins. A...

  3. BEGINNING CHINESE READER, PART I. YALE LINGUISTIC SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DE FRANCIS, JOHN; AND OTHERS

    THIS READER, ALONG WITH "BEGINNING CHINESE READER, PART II," IS CLOSELY INTEGRATED WITH THE SETON HALL UNIVERSITY TEXTS FOR SPOKEN AND WRITTEN CHINESE, "BEGINNING CHINESE" AND "CHARACTER TEXT FOR BEGINNING CHINESE." OF THE 400 CHARACTERS IN THESE TWO READERS, ALL BUT 33 HAVE BEEN PRESENTED TO THE STUDENT IN "BEGINNING CHINESE" AND "CHARACTER…

  4. BEGINNING CHINESE READER, PART I. YALE LINGUISTIC SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DE FRANCIS, JOHN; AND OTHERS

    THIS READER, ALONG WITH "BEGINNING CHINESE READER, PART II," IS CLOSELY INTEGRATED WITH THE SETON HALL UNIVERSITY TEXTS FOR SPOKEN AND WRITTEN CHINESE, "BEGINNING CHINESE" AND "CHARACTER TEXT FOR BEGINNING CHINESE." OF THE 400 CHARACTERS IN THESE TWO READERS, ALL BUT 33 HAVE BEEN PRESENTED TO THE STUDENT IN "BEGINNING CHINESE" AND "CHARACTER…

  5. Oral presentations for surgical meetings.

    PubMed

    Edwards, M J; McMasters, K M; Acland, R D; Papp, K K; Garrison, R N

    1997-02-15

    Each year the Association for Academic Surgery sponsors the "Fundamentals of Surgical Research" course which is established for residents who are beginning research training. A lecture outlining various aspects of effective scientific presentations, such as that delivered at a national or regional surgical meeting, is part of the course. Faculty from our institution have organized this lecture for several years. The lecture content has been revised each year to reflect the recommendations of the participating residents and faculty. Herein, we summarize the requirements for composing and delivering a scientific surgical presentation that is noted for its clarity, easily understood methods, interpretable data, and scientific and/or clinical implications.

  6. Beginning inflation in an inhomogeneous universe

    SciTech Connect

    East, William E.; Kleban, Matthew; Linde, Andrei; Senatore, Leonardo

    2016-09-06

    Using numerical solutions of the full Einstein field equations coupled to a scalar inflaton field in 3+1 dimensions, we study the conditions under which a universe that is initially expanding, highly inhomogeneous and dominated by gradient energy can transition to an inflationary period. If the initial scalar field variations are contained within a sufficiently flat region of the inflaton potential, and the universe is spatially flat or open on average, inflation will occur following the dilution of the gradient and kinetic energy due to expansion. This is the case even when the scale of the inhomogeneities is comparable to the initial Hubble length, and overdense regions collapse and form black holes, because underdense regions continue expanding, allowing inflation to eventually begin. In conclusion, this establishes that inflation can arise from highly inhomogeneous initial conditions and solve the horizon and flatness problems, at least as long as the variations in the scalar field do not include values that exceed the inflationary plateau.

  7. Beginning inflation in an inhomogeneous universe

    SciTech Connect

    East, William E.; Kleban, Matthew; Linde, Andrei; Senatore, Leonardo

    2016-09-06

    Using numerical solutions of the full Einstein field equations coupled to a scalar inflaton field in 3+1 dimensions, we study the conditions under which a universe that is initially expanding, highly inhomogeneous and dominated by gradient energy can transition to an inflationary period. If the initial scalar field variations are contained within a sufficiently flat region of the inflaton potential, and the universe is spatially flat or open on average, inflation will occur following the dilution of the gradient and kinetic energy due to expansion. This is the case even when the scale of the inhomogeneities is comparable to the initial Hubble length, and overdense regions collapse and form black holes, because underdense regions continue expanding, allowing inflation to eventually begin. This establishes that inflation can arise from highly inhomogeneous initial conditions and solve the horizon and flatness problems, at least as long as the variations in the scalar field do not include values that exceed the inflationary plateau.

  8. Before the Beginning: Emerging Questions and Uncertainties

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ellis, George F. R.

    1999-12-01

    Because of the uniqueness of the universe, philosophical issues arise at all times in the study of cosmology. As one considers the earliest times and issues of origins (and what happened `before the beginning'), theory is diverging into producing a multiplicity of options to choose from, rather than converging to one overwhelming powerful position at the present time. It is going to become ever more important to pay serious attention to the philosophical argumentation underlying the different choices. This paper gives a framework for analysis of such questions, based on fifteen Theses which can be strongly defended. We will exit the `dark ages' by taking these themes seriously while we develop the observational and physical side of the analysis. Far from undermining the scientific understandings arrived at, such philosophical explorations will give them the best grounding they can attain.

  9. The Beginnings of Industrial Medicine in England*

    PubMed Central

    Buess, H.

    1962-01-01

    Industrial medicine saw its tentative beginnings among the inquiring minds of 16th century physicians such as Paracelsus. In the 17th century, reports of conditions in mines on the Continent prompted natural scientists at the Royal Society to initiate a research programme into what we now know as mercurial poisoning. The latter part of the eighteenth century witnessed the change from domestic to factory industry with its concomitant social, economic, and technological upheaval, resulting in great shifts of population away from the countryside to the towns. Men, women, and children were employed in the new factories in primitive, unhygienic conditions, and mill fever and illness generally were rife. It was against this background that Percival and Thackrah, prompted no doubt in large measure by the conditions of child labour, inquired into, and made recommendations for, the improvement of hygiene in the factories, thus laying the foundations of industrial medicine as we know it today.

  10. Beginning and end of lunar mare volcanism

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schultz, P. H.; Spudis, P. D.

    1983-01-01

    The distribution and characteristics of the early phases of mare vulcanism on the moon are discussed. Breccias have been observed that indicate the presence of magma flows before 3900 Myr BP. A mafic feature has been identified in more than 100 craters at least 1 km across. The absence of buried mare surfaces on the nearside and western hemispheres is attributed to ejecta deposits, and farside basins with no mare fill are suggested to have experienced early mare flooding. Photographs of the bright-rayed Lichtenberg crater have revealed that mare volcanism occurred within the time frame 1700-2000 Myr BP. It is concluded that the moon featured two periods of igneous activity, the last happening at 1000 Myr BP, and beginning 4300 BP.

  11. On the beginning of mortality acceleration.

    PubMed

    Salinari, Giambattista; De Santis, Gustavo

    2015-02-01

    Physiological senescence is characterized by the increasing limitation of capabilities of an organism resulting from the progressive accumulation of molecular damage, which at group (cohort) level translates into, among other things, an increase in mortality risks with age. Physiological senescence is generally thought to begin at birth, if not earlier, but models of demographic aging (i.e., an increase in mortality risks) normally start at considerably later ages. This apparent inconsistency can be solved by assuming the existence of two mortality regimes: "latent" and "manifest" aging. Up to a certain age, there is only latent aging: physiological senescence occurs, but its low level does not trigger any measurable increase in mortality. Past a certain level (and age), molecular damage is such that mortality risks start to increase. We first discuss why this transition from latent to manifest aging should exist at all, and then we turn to the empirical estimation of the corresponding threshold age by applying Bai's approach to the estimation of breakpoints in time series. Our analysis, which covers several cohorts born between 1850 and 1938 in 14 of the countries included in the Human Mortality Database, indicates that an age at the onset of manifest aging can be identified. However, it has not remained constant: it has declined from about 43 and 47 years, respectively, for males and females at the beginning of the period (cohorts born in 1850-1869) to about 31 for both males and females toward its end (cohorts born in 1920-1938). A discussion of why this may have happened ensues.

  12. How to Begin a Quality Improvement Project.

    PubMed

    Silver, Samuel A; Harel, Ziv; McQuillan, Rory; Weizman, Adam V; Thomas, Alison; Chertow, Glenn M; Nesrallah, Gihad; Bell, Chaim M; Chan, Christopher T

    2016-05-06

    Quality improvement involves a combined effort among health care staff and stakeholders to diagnose and treat problems in the health care system. However, health care professionals often lack training in quality improvement methods, which makes it challenging to participate in improvement efforts. This article familiarizes health care professionals with how to begin a quality improvement project. The initial steps involve forming an improvement team that possesses expertise in the quality of care problem, leadership, and change management. Stakeholder mapping and analysis are useful tools at this stage, and these are reviewed to help identify individuals who might have a vested interest in the project. Physician engagement is a particularly important component of project success, and the knowledge that patients/caregivers can offer as members of a quality improvement team should not be overlooked. After a team is formed, an improvement framework helps to organize the scientific process of system change. Common quality improvement frameworks include Six Sigma, Lean, and the Model for Improvement. These models are contrasted, with a focus on the Model for Improvement, because it is widely used and applicable to a variety of quality of care problems without advanced training. It involves three steps: setting aims to focus improvement, choosing a balanced set of measures to determine if improvement occurs, and testing new ideas to change the current process. These new ideas are evaluated using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles, where knowledge is gained by testing changes and reflecting on their effect. To show the real world utility of the quality improvement methods discussed, they are applied to a hypothetical quality improvement initiative that aims to promote home dialysis (home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis). This provides an example that kidney health care professionals can use to begin their own quality improvement projects. Copyright © 2016 by the American

  13. How to Begin a Quality Improvement Project

    PubMed Central

    Harel, Ziv; McQuillan, Rory; Weizman, Adam V.; Thomas, Alison; Chertow, Glenn M.; Nesrallah, Gihad; Bell, Chaim M.; Chan, Christopher T.

    2016-01-01

    Quality improvement involves a combined effort among health care staff and stakeholders to diagnose and treat problems in the health care system. However, health care professionals often lack training in quality improvement methods, which makes it challenging to participate in improvement efforts. This article familiarizes health care professionals with how to begin a quality improvement project. The initial steps involve forming an improvement team that possesses expertise in the quality of care problem, leadership, and change management. Stakeholder mapping and analysis are useful tools at this stage, and these are reviewed to help identify individuals who might have a vested interest in the project. Physician engagement is a particularly important component of project success, and the knowledge that patients/caregivers can offer as members of a quality improvement team should not be overlooked. After a team is formed, an improvement framework helps to organize the scientific process of system change. Common quality improvement frameworks include Six Sigma, Lean, and the Model for Improvement. These models are contrasted, with a focus on the Model for Improvement, because it is widely used and applicable to a variety of quality of care problems without advanced training. It involves three steps: setting aims to focus improvement, choosing a balanced set of measures to determine if improvement occurs, and testing new ideas to change the current process. These new ideas are evaluated using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles, where knowledge is gained by testing changes and reflecting on their effect. To show the real world utility of the quality improvement methods discussed, they are applied to a hypothetical quality improvement initiative that aims to promote home dialysis (home hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis). This provides an example that kidney health care professionals can use to begin their own quality improvement projects. PMID:27016497

  14. Program begins assessing the consequences of climate change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Colucci, Joy A.

    The nation's attention has recently become focused on climate change. But long before this season's El Niño hit the California coast and the Kyoto Conference made global warming a subject of news reports, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) embarked on a national assessment to focus federal agency research on the regional consequences of climate change. The USGCRP provides a framework for federal agencies to conduct research that increases our understanding of the Earth system and provides sound scientific information for national and international decision- making on global change issues.The USGCRP member agencies are now engaged in a national assessment of the consequences of climate variability and change for the United States. The main components of this assessment process have been a series of regional workshops, an Aspen Global Change Institute meeting of regional workshop participants that was held July 29-August 7, 1997, to begin to synthesize the workshop results, and a national forum, which was held in Washington, D.C., last November to engage a broader range of stakeholders in defining issues to be addressed in the assessment.

  15. 75 FR 80455 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-22

    ...; ] ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) plans to hold its regular committee and Board meetings...

  16. Beginning Pashto Textbook Revised Edition and Beginning Pashto Workbook Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tegey, Habibullah; Robson, Barbara

    Beginning Pashto is part of a set of materials for teaching oral and written Afghan Pashto. The Pashto writing system is taught in the first unit of the book and is used in the presentation of the material from then on. In the first three units, material is provided also in a romanized transcription. After that, the transcription of a word or…

  17. Setting Up a Library: How To Begin or Begin Again. CSLA Guide No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ruth S.

    Designed as a simple how-to guide, this handbook presents guidelines for setting up a church or synagogue library or revitalizing an existing one. The first of 10 sections, "Begin with a Purpose," advocates thinking about the goals of the library and putting them in writing. It includes two brief sample mission statements. The second, "Establish…

  18. Beginning Teachers' Perceptions and Beliefs of the Beginning Teachers Support and Assessment Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penrod, Heather

    2012-01-01

    Current public discourse is intensifying on increasing student academic achievement, corresponding to the creation of both federal and state legislative mandates demanding more educational accountability. Therefore, it is imperative to attract and retain quality teachers to provide quality education to every student. The Beginning Teacher Support…

  19. Early signals of a seaquake beginning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Novik, O.; Ershov, S.; Mikhaylovskaya, I.

    The authors formulated a mathematical model of seismo-hydro-electromagnetic (EM) interaction and trace numerically generation and propagation of seismic, EM, temperature, and hydrodynamic waves in a model medium including a lithosphere zone, a sea and an atmosphere zone up to the lower boundary of ionosphere. As a model seismic excitation (SE) of this medium (i.e. as a source of energy of a model seaquake), elastic displacements with main frequencies 0.1 to 1 Hz and amplitude and duration of the order of a few cm and sec respectively in the upper mantle under the seafloor are considered (plenty of other types of model SEs are available by our algorithms). Physical process of transformation of a upper manle's SE into ultra-low frequency (ULF) EM signals at the seafloor, sea surface and above is demonstrated. According to our computations, EM disturbances (signals) are generated, in presence of geomagnetic field, in the conductive upper mantle's structures (these are typical for seismic lithosphere zones) deformed by a seismic wave caused by SE. The first measurable (50 pT) signal of a seismic activation of the ocean lithosphere arises in the form of ULF oscillations of the magnetic field component at the sea bottom's surface 3.5 sec after the beginning of the seaquake. By runs with different reasonable geophysical input data, the magnetic signal amplitude is of order of a few hundreds of pT at the sea surface and a of order of a few tens of pT near the lower boundary of ionosphere, 10 sec after the beginning of the seaquake. At the same time the computed long (150 km) hydrodynamic wave's amplitude (caused by the seismic wave arrival from the upper mantle to the sea bottom) is too small (about 12 cm) to be discovered directly without EM signals described. Basing on these and other numerical results the authors develop the project of the Lithosphere-Ocean-Atmosphere Multilevel Multidisciplinary Observatory (LOAMMO) including, among others: a bottom station

  20. Beginning inflation in an inhomogeneous universe

    DOE PAGES

    East, William E.; Kleban, Matthew; Linde, Andrei; ...

    2016-09-06

    Using numerical solutions of the full Einstein field equations coupled to a scalar inflaton field in 3+1 dimensions, we study the conditions under which a universe that is initially expanding, highly inhomogeneous and dominated by gradient energy can transition to an inflationary period. If the initial scalar field variations are contained within a sufficiently flat region of the inflaton potential, and the universe is spatially flat or open on average, inflation will occur following the dilution of the gradient and kinetic energy due to expansion. This is the case even when the scale of the inhomogeneities is comparable to themore » initial Hubble length, and overdense regions collapse and form black holes, because underdense regions continue expanding, allowing inflation to eventually begin. In conclusion, this establishes that inflation can arise from highly inhomogeneous initial conditions and solve the horizon and flatness problems, at least as long as the variations in the scalar field do not include values that exceed the inflationary plateau.« less

  1. Galen and the beginnings of Western physiology.

    PubMed

    West, John B

    2014-07-15

    Galen (129-c. 216 AD) was a key figure in the early development of Western physiology. His teachings incorporated much of the ancient Greek traditions including the work of Hippocrates and Aristotle. Galen himself was a well-educated Greco-Roman physician and physiologist who at one time was a physician to the gladiators in Pergamon. Later he moved to Rome, where he was associated with the Roman emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus. The Galenical school was responsible for voluminous writings, many of which are still extant. One emphasis was on the humors of the body, which were believed to be important in disease. Another was the cardiopulmonary system, including the belief that part of the blood from the right ventricle could enter the left through the interventricular septum. An extraordinary feature of these teachings is that they dominated thinking for some 1,300 years and became accepted as dogma by both the State and Church. One of the first anatomists to challenge the Galenical teachings was Andreas Vesalius, who produced a magnificent atlas of human anatomy in 1543. At about the same time Michael Servetus described the pulmonary transit of blood, but he was burned at the stake for heresy. Finally, with William Harvey and others in the first part of the 17th century, the beginnings of modern physiology emerged with an emphasis on hypotheses and experimental data. Nevertheless, vestiges of Galen's teaching survived into the 19th century.

  2. The Beginning and End of the Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Cosmology is the scientific study of how the Universe began more than 13 billion years ago, how its properties have changed, and what its future might be. The balance of forces and energy cause the Universe to expand, first accelerating, then decelerating and then accelerating again. Within this overall structure, the interplay of atoms and light with the mysterious dark matter and dark energy causes stars and galaxies to form and evolve, leading to galaxies like our own home, the Milky Way. Observational cosmology uses telescopes on Earth and in space to reach back in time to find the faint remaining echoes of the Big Bang and to trace the formation and evolution of the galaxies and structures that fill the Universe. In this lecture, Dr. Gradner will give an overview of cosmology, outlining the 13-billion year history of the Universe, and highlighting the very rapid progress this field has made i the last decade. He will discuss the role that NASA space telescopes have played in this progress and wil continue to play in the years to come. He will give a time-based history of the Universe, discussing the successive processes that formed matter, particles, atoms, stars and galaxies. In particular, he will focus on cosmological inflation, the rapid accelerated expansion that marks the beginning of the Universe, and dark energy, a tenuous substance that overcomes gravity and whose properties will determine its final fate.

  3. The Beginning and End of the Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, Jonathan P.

    2007-01-01

    Cosmology is the scientific study of how the Universe began more than 13 billion years ago, how its properties have changed, and what its future might be. The balance of forces and energy cause the Universe to expand, first accelerating, then decelerating and then accelerating again. Within this overall structure, the interplay of atoms and light with the mysterious dark matter and dark energy causes stars and galaxies to form and evolve, leading to galaxies like our own home, the Milky Way. Observational cosmology uses telescopes on Earth and in space to reach back in time to find the faint remaining echoes of the Big Bang and to trace the formation and evolution of the galaxies and structures that fill the Universe. In this lecture, Dr. Gardner will give an overview of cosmology, outlining the 13-billion year history of the Universe, and highlighting the very rapid progress this field has made in the last decade. He will discuss the role that NASA space telescopes have played in this progress and will continue to play in the years to come. He will give a time-based history of the Universe, discussing the successive processes that formed matter, particles, atoms, stars and galaxies. In particular, he will focus on cosmological inflation, the rapid accelerated expansion that marks the beginning of the Universe, and dark energy, a tenuous substance that overcomes gravity and whose properties will determine its final fate.

  4. The Beginning and End of the Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, Jonathan P.

    2007-01-01

    Cosmology is the scientific study of how the Universe began more than 13 billion years ago, how its properties have changed, and what its future might be. The balance of forces and energy cause the Universe to expand, first accelerating, then decelerating and then accelerating again. Within this overall structure, the interplay of atoms and light with the mysterious dark matter and dark energy causes stars and galaxies to form and evolve, leading to galaxies like our own home, the Milky Way. Observational cosmology uses telescopes on Earth and in space to reach back in time to find the faint remaining echoes of the Big Bang and to trace the formation and evolution of the galaxies and structures that fill the Universe. In this lecture, Dr. Gardner will give an overview of cosmology, outlining the 13-billion year history of the Universe, and highlighting the very rapid progress this field has made in the last decade. He will discuss the role that NASA space telescopes have played in this progress and will continue to play in the years to come. He will give a time-based history of the Universe, discussing the successive processes that formed matter, particles, atoms, stars and galaxies. In particular, he will focus on cosmological inflation, the rapid accelerated expansion that marks the beginning of the Universe, and dark energy, a tenuous substance that overcomes gravity and whose properties will determine its final fate.

  5. Where Do I Start (Beginning the Investigation)?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kornacki, Jeffrey L.

    No doubt some will open directly to this chapter, because your product is contaminated with an undesirable microbe, or perhaps you have been asked to do such an investigation for another company's facility not previously observed by you and naturally you want tips on how to find where the contaminant is getting into the product stream. This chapter takes the reader through the process of beginning the investigation including understanding the process including the production schedule and critically reviewing previously generated laboratory data. Understanding the critical control points and validity of their critical limits is also important. Scoping the extent of the problem is next. It is always a good idea for the factory to have a rigorously validated cleaning and sanitation procedure that provides a documented "sanitation breakpoint," which can be useful in the "scoping" process, although some contamination events may extend past these "break-points." Touring the facility is next wherein preliminary pre-selection of areas for future sampling can be done. Operational samples and observations in non-food contact areas can be taken at this time. Then the operations personnel need to be consulted and plans made for an appropriate amount of time to observe equipment break down for "post-operational" sampling and "pre-operational" investigational sampling. Hence the chapter further discusses preparing operations personnel for the disruptions that go along with these investigations and assembling the sampling team. The chapter concludes with a discussion of post-startup observations after an investigation and sampling.

  6. The Kiaman its Beginning and End.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Opdyke, N. D.

    2014-12-01

    The Earth's magnetic field appears to have two states:-times when it reverses polarity several times per million years and other times when reversal of the field do not occur at all for intervals as long as 30 to 40 my. Two intervals are well established, The Cretacious Quiet Zone and the Kiaman and others may exist. Irving and Parry named the Kiaman from exposures at Kiama point in Sew South Wales where Mercanton had first observed reversely magnetized lavas of Permian age. Irving's naming this Superchron was a large leap of faith. Recently published studies on Cape Breton island places the beginning of the Kiaman in the Arnsbergian substage of Pennsylvanian time and younger rocks are all of reverse polarity within the Maritime Basin. Studies in western US show uniformly magnetized sediments with reverse polarity of Pennsylvanian and lower Permian age. The contact of the Kiaman reversed polarity interval with sediments of both polarities in the late Kiaman takes place at the base of the Kazanian. The presence of short normal polarity within the Kiaman have been postulated but are hard to confirm.

  7. The Beginning and End of the Universe

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gardner, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    Cosmology is the scientific study of how the Universe began more than 13 billion years ago, how its properties have changed, and what its future might be. The balance of forces and energy cause the Universe to expand, first accelerating, then decelerating and then accelerating again. Within this overall structure, the interplay of atoms and light with the mysterious dark matter and dark energy causes stars and galaxies to form and evolve, leading to galaxies like our own home, the Milky Way. Observational cosmology uses telescopes on Earth and in space to reach back in time to find the faint remaining echoes of the Big Bang and to trace the formation and evolution of the galaxies and structures that fill the Universe. In this lecture, Dr. Gradner will give an overview of cosmology, outlining the 13-billion year history of the Universe, and highlighting the very rapid progress this field has made i the last decade. He will discuss the role that NASA space telescopes have played in this progress and wil continue to play in the years to come. He will give a time-based history of the Universe, discussing the successive processes that formed matter, particles, atoms, stars and galaxies. In particular, he will focus on cosmological inflation, the rapid accelerated expansion that marks the beginning of the Universe, and dark energy, a tenuous substance that overcomes gravity and whose properties will determine its final fate.

  8. About the beginnings of orthopaedics in Timisoara.

    PubMed

    Poenaru, Dan V

    2015-12-01

    The historical and geographical territory of Banat is part of present-day Romania. Timisoara's history, the capital city of Banat region, dates back to the second century B.C. Medical life in Banat was re-organised after the promulgation of the Aulic Laws in the eighteenth century. Thorough research was undertaken through historic manuscripts, old newspapers, biographies and other papers about the history of Romanian medicine. The eighteenth century witnessed the building of three hospitals in Timisoara. In that period, Banat region benefited from the expertise and professionalism of doctors who graduated and were trained mainly in Central and Western European universities. By the beginning of the twentieth century, many medical clinics or sanatoriums specialising in orthopaedics and traumatology were offering their services to the population. Banat region had many good orthopaedists, and one of them was Prof. Dr. Doc. Berceanu, who graduated from the University of Medicine Bucharest and further specialised in Paris, France. He is the founder of the Orthopaedics and Traumatology Clinic in Timisoara.

  9. Landsat Science Team: 2017 Winter Meeting Summary

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Schroeder, Todd A.; Loveland, Thomas; Wulder, Michael A.; Irons, James R.

    2017-01-01

    The summer meeting of the joint U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)-NASA Landsat Science Team (LST) was held July 26-28, 2016, at South Dakota State University (SDSU) in Brookings, SD. LST co-chair Tom Loveland [USGS’s Earth Resources Observation and Science Center (EROS)] and Kevin Kephart [SDSU] welcomed more than 80 participants to the three-day meeting. That attendance at such meetings continues to increase—likely due to the development of new data products and sensor systems—further highlights the growing interest in the Landsat program. The main objectives of this meeting were to provide a status update on Landsat 7 and 8, review team member research activities, and to begin identifying priorities for future Landsat missions.

  10. 75 FR 19297 - Energy Conservation Program: Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-14

    ... changes the dates of the public meeting, the deadline for requesting to speak at the public meeting, and... Washington, DC on Wednesday, May 19, 2010, beginning at 9 a.m. DOE must receive requests to speak at the... deadline for requesting to speak at the public meeting, and the date of the deadline for submitting written...

  11. 78 FR 23951 - Powder River Regional Coal Team Activities: Notice of Public Meeting in Casper, Wyoming

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-23

    ... River Regional Coal Team (RCT) has scheduled a public meeting for June 19, 2013, to review coal management activities in the Powder River Coal Production Region. DATES: The RCT meeting will begin at 9 a.m... coal-related topics planned for the RCT meeting include: 1. Update on U.S. Geological Survey coal...

  12. 76 FR 12691 - Notice of Southwest Idaho Resource Advisory Committee Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-08

    ...; ] DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Forest Service Notice of Southwest Idaho Resource Advisory Committee Meeting AGENCY... Forests' Southwest Idaho Resource Advisory Committee will conduct a business meeting. The meeting is open to the public. DATES: Thursday, March 17, 2011, beginning at 9 a.m. ADDRESSES: Idaho Counties Risk...

  13. 78 FR 13329 - U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... Department of the Air Force U.S. Air Force Academy Board of Visitors Notice of Meeting AGENCY: U.S. Air Force.... Air Force Academy (USAFA) Board of Visitors (BoV) will hold a meeting in Harmon Hall at the United States Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs, Colorado on March 15-16, 2013. The meeting will begin at...

  14. 76 FR 24457 - Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Hawaii Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-02

    ... Agenda and Notice of Public Meeting of the Hawaii Advisory Committee Notice is hereby given, pursuant to... the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA) that a planning meeting of the Hawaii Advisory Committee... Street, Honolulu, Hawaii 96817. The meeting is scheduled to begin at 9:30 a.m. and adjourn at...

  15. Bob's first decade: in at the beginning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brown, David G.

    2009-02-01

    Arriving at the Bureau of Radiological Health in 1972, Bob Wagner was thrust into the Bureau's quandary over how to quantify the imaging benefit associated with the radiation dose cost of medical imaging procedures. In short order he had set up the framework for FDA imaging research for the next 36 years. Bob played a key role in these early years in assisting in the founding of the SPIE Medical Imaging series of meetings, in measuring and organizing round robin comparisons of imaging measurements of the fundamental physical quantities required for performance evaluation, and in developing the framework for how these measurements could be combined to provide meaningful assessment figures of merit. He worked assiduously to counter both those who claimed that radiology was an art not a science and those who made extravagant claims for the dose reduction/image quality benefits of their particular variety of image capture/image processing system. In the process he became one of the founding fathers and key participants in the medical image performance assessment community as represented today at SPIE Medical Imaging 2009.

  16. [The beginnings of alternative medicine in Hungary].

    PubMed

    Kölnei, Lívia

    2006-01-01

    Author gives an overview on the beginnings of the alternative medicine in Hungary, based on the articles of the first Hungarian medical journal, Orvosi Tár (Medical Magazine) published in the period 1831-1848. In the journal the following alternative methods were mentioned: folk medicine, magnetism (mesmerism), brownianism, broussaisism, rasorism, homeopathy, hydrotherapy, therapies of Morrison, Le Roy and that of the Slovakian healer, Ferenc Madva. Analysing the publications of the Orvosi Tár author assumes, that these therapies were widespread in the period mentioned above being their significance however not always equal. Folk medicine were applied practically everywhere in the countryside. Brownianism spread only on the turn of the 18. and 19. centuries in Hungary, though its popularity declined in the 20-ies. Mesmerism entered Hungary in the tens of the 19th century. The presence of magnetiseurs using methods of mesmerism could be documented still in the 30-ies and 40-ies. This method later was picked up by the spiritist movements. Homeopathy's career started in Hungary around 1820. Among the alternative systems homeopathy gained the greatest popularity in our country, especially in the 40-ies. This time the movement established its institutions, even homeopathic hospitals were founded in the country. Methods of hydrotherapy were frequently used by the public in the 1840-ies. This way of healing was accepted by the majority of conventional physicians as well. Methods of Broussais, Rasori, Morrison and Le Roy were probably lesser known in our country. They were mentioned exclusively in the period from 1810 to 1850. The so called life style reform movement developed significantly only in the second half of the 19th century.

  17. Benefits of Collaborative Action Research for the Beginning Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Sidney N.; Reilly, Rosemary C.; Logue, Mary Ellin

    2009-01-01

    Beginning teachers are confronted with many issues as they begin their teaching careers, issues, such as classroom management, individual differences, behaviour problems, dealing with parents, and so on. Many beginning teachers take professional development seminars in an attempt to deal with these and other issues. Professional development…

  18. 7 CFR 761.209 - Loan funds for beginning farmers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Loan funds for beginning farmers. 761.209 Section 761... Funds to State Offices § 761.209 Loan funds for beginning farmers. Each fiscal year, the Agency reserves a portion of direct and guaranteed FO and OL loan funds for beginning farmers in accordance...

  19. 7 CFR 761.209 - Loan funds for beginning farmers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Loan funds for beginning farmers. 761.209 Section 761... Funds to State Offices § 761.209 Loan funds for beginning farmers. Each fiscal year, the Agency reserves a portion of direct and guaranteed FO and OL loan funds for beginning farmers in accordance...

  20. Asking the Hard Questions: Being a Beginning Principal in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quong, Terry

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The paper aims to provide insights into the work of beginning principals in their first year through the experiences of one beginning principal during his first year in post. Design/methodology/approach: In order to illuminate the problems of beginning principals the paper sets out to answer the personal question: "What can I say…

  1. Using Blackboard and Skype for Mentoring Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suk Hwang, Young; Vrongistinos, Konstantinos

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the nature of the Blackboard and Skype-based electronic mentoring system for beginning teachers. The Quality Teachers for Quality Students project developed an electronic mentoring system between beginning teachers and experienced teachers to support beginning teachers' instructional and classroom…

  2. Call a Meeting!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonsalves, Bronte B.

    1988-01-01

    Outlines appropriate content for meetings between parents and teachers of young children. Argues that effective meetings foster parent education, communication and ongoing parent support. Identifies objectives for the initial meeting during the application and registration process, for parent education meetings, and for parent conferences.…

  3. Goethe's bone and the beginnings of morphology.

    PubMed

    Opitz, John M

    2004-04-01

    Biology as a discipline per se and its agenda, seems not to have been burdened from its beginnings as heavily with neo-Platonism as its subspecialty morphology, conceptualized at the same time by Goethe and Burdach. One of the reasons may have been that biologists were then regarded as "mere" naturalists, "doing" anatomy and embryology, breeding, and field work (as did Darwin, Wallace, Bateson and a legion of others during the 19th century), whereas the, perhaps more elitist, morphologists, ab initio devoted themselves to the origin, even to the Kantian analysis of causes of development and its variability within and between species. Since Goethe included abnormal plant development in his studies, his definition of morphology as the science of the form, formation and transformation of living organisms may be modified to include the concept of malformation, although the embryological and comparative analysis of vertebrate/mammalian malformation had its real inception somewhat later with the younger Meckel. In view of the meaning attached by his French contemporaries to the term transformisme (eventually defined as evolution) one would err considering Goethe as a prophet of "descent;" he was not, referring primarily to the continuous state of flux of living beings. Nonetheless, Goethe and Burdach independently coined the concept of morphology and set its agenda, increasingly freed of Naturphilosophie, an agenda that dominated 19th century biology but which did not come to fruition in its causal analysis of form and its formation until the 20th century, after Mendel, Darwin and the pioneers of experimental embryology (a.o., Roux, Driesch, Spemann, Vogt). In his discovery of the intermaxillary bone in humans (Goethe's bone), he had a startling insight, against conventional wisdom, into the anatomical, hence developmental, similarity of primate/mammals. During his lifetime, this was still called analogie by his great French contemporary Etienne Geoffroy St-Hilaire who

  4. An alternative view of Earth's beginnings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hofmeister, A. M.; Criss, R. E.

    2014-12-01

    Earth's current compositional structure and thermal state are linked to the conditions of its formation and differentiation, which can be deduced from physical principles and thermodynamics. The fundamental, shared rotational characteristics of the Solar System, e.g. the circular, co-planar orbits and upright axial spins, clearly record conditions of origin, yet are not explained by disk models. Current planetary spin and orbital rotational energies (R.E.) each nearly equal gravitational self-potential of formation (Ug), revealing mechanical energy conservation. We derive -ΔUg =Δ.R.E. from thermodynamics. Our conservative 3-d model, which allows for different behaviors of gas and dust, explains key Solar System characteristics (spin, orbits, gas giant compositions) and second-order features (dwarf planets, comet mineralogy, satellite system sizes). Gravitational heating during accretion, core formation and differentiation is insignificant because Ug is negative. Most heat production is due to internal radioactivity, and to a lesser extent by surficial impact heating. Core formation produces order and rotational energy associated with differential rotation, not internal heat. Earth's beginning involved cooling via explosive outgassing of substantial ice (mainly CO) that was accreted with dust. High carbon content is inconsistent with present models yet is clearly expected from Solar abundances and ice in comets, and this profoundly affected compositional zonation. Reaction of CO with metal provided a carbide-rich core while converting MgSiO3 to olivine via oxidizing reactions. Differentiation and formation of the core and lower mantle greatly cooled the Earth, as outgassing occurred, magmas rose, and radioactive elements were segregated upwards. Reference conductive geotherms, calculated using accurate and new thermal diffusivity data, require that heat-producing elements are sequestered above 670 km; this condition limits convection to the upper mantle. Coupling

  5. [Women and HIV/AIDS: stormy beginnings].

    PubMed

    Henrion, Roger

    2012-11-01

    Following the transfusion of a young woman with two units of blood infected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during a Cesarean section performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of Port-Royal Hospital in Paris in 1984, the author realized the danger that this virus would represent for women and their children, at a time when the infection seemed to be confined to homosexuals, drug addicts, hemophiliacs and transfusion recipients. He was confronted with a whole series of issues, including the rejection of HIV-positive women; the need for special precautions in the labor room and operating theater; and the need for these patients to be managed in a single center staffed by skilled and willing healthcare professionals who could help them decide whether or not to continue the pregnancy. The main risks at this time were the onset of life-threatening opportunistic infections during pregnancy and HIV transmission to the child (estimated at 20% to 30%). Other thorny issues included the case of couples wishing to have children when either of the two members was infected, and the question of professional confidentiality when an immunocompromised HIV-seropositive husband stubbornly refused to inform his wife or to use condoms. It seemed important to bring these women together, especially those of African origin, within a self-help group where they could express themselves openly and discuss their difficulties. Screening for HIV antibodies in early pregnancy became necessary to permit preventive treatment of mother-child HIV transmission, and to inform pediatricians. There was also a need to estimate and monitor the seroprevalence of HIV among pregnant women, and this was done by conducting a "sentinel" survey that was subsequently taken over by INSERM and the European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS. After listing many other issues that were hotly debated over the years, the author describes how, at the beginning of the epidemic, new proposals

  6. NEWS: AAPT Summer Meeting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mellema, Steve

    2000-11-01

    session concluded with the talk by this year's award winner for Excellence in Introductory College teaching, Dr Dwight Neuenschwander from Southern Nazarene University in Oklahoma. Dwight's talk, invoking both Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol and Robert Pirsig's Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance, was memorable for clarifying both the connections and the differences between physics and physics teaching. At a second ceremonial session on Tuesday, Terrence Walker of The Ohio State University gave the Klopsteg Memorial Lecture, entitled The Big Bang: Seeing Back to the Beginning. This was followed by the presentation of the Robert A Millikan Award Lecture - Beauty in Physics and the Arts, by Thomas Rossing of Northern Illinois University. Over the years Tom has made many contributions to the teaching of the physics of sound and music, and his lecture made wonderful connections between physics and the arts. At the first plenary session on Monday, Dr Elaine Seymour, a sociologist from the University of Colorado, gave a talk entitled: We Know Science Majors Are Lost Because of Poor Teaching, But Why Do They Resist Our Efforts To Improve Their Learning Experience? She described students' responses and resistance to the implementation of active-learning methods. The talk was thought-provoking, particularly when so many other talks at this meeting described new attempts to incorporate such methods in different educational settings. At the second plenary session on Wednesday, Eric Poisson from the University of Guelph gave a very interesting talk about Gravitational Wave Astronomy and the LIGO and VIRGO projects, including their theoretical motivation and expected experimental results. On Tuesday evening there was a very special show of physics demonstrations by the `Third Eye' group from China. Their presentations embody a very interesting philosophy. Each demonstration is designed to illustrate one or more basic concepts in physics in a way that will be both memorable

  7. A rare case of neonatal cryptococcal meningitis in an HIV-unexposed 2-day-old infant: the youngest to date?

    PubMed

    O'Reilly, Dominic Anthony

    2016-05-01

    Cryptococcal meningitis is uncommon in children, particularly in infants. A 2-day-old boy was admitted with signs suggestive of meningitis. Lumbar puncture confirmed meningitis and cryptococcal infection (cryptococcal antigen and Indian ink stain-positive). His mother was HIV-negative. This is thought to be the youngest case of cryptococcal meningitis to be reported. Cryptococcal infection should be considered in children of all ages with meningitis where there is possible immunodeficiency or failure to respond to initial treatment with antibiotics.

  8. Tranexamic acid mouthwash--a prospective randomized study of a 2-day regimen vs 5-day regimen to prevent postoperative bleeding in anticoagulated patients requiring dental extractions.

    PubMed

    Carter, G; Goss, A

    2003-10-01

    This prospective randomized study analyses the use of a prescribed 4.8% tranexamic acid post-operative mouthwash over 2 days vs 5 days to prevent bleeding in patients taking warfarin who require dental extractions. Eighty-five patients therapeutically anticoagulated with warfarin for various conditions, ranging in age from 21 to 86 years and requiring dental extractions, were randomly divided into two groups. Group A postoperatively received a 4.8% tranexamic acid mouthwash to be used over a 2-day period. Group B received the same mouthwash and instructions postoperatively, to be taken over 5 days. All procedures were performed on an ambulatory basis under local anaesthetic by the same surgeon. Patients were reviewed 1, 3, and 7 days postoperatively to assess bleeding. Eighty-two of the 85 patients encountered no postoperative problems. Two patients in group A and one in group B had minor postoperative bleeds that required minor ambulatory intervention to control. This study shows that a 2-day postoperative course of a 4.8% tranexamic acid mouthwash is as equally effective as a 5-day course in controlling haemostasis post-dental extractions in patient's anticoagulated with warfarin.

  9. Fostering a culture of engagement: an evaluation of a 2-day training in solution-focused brief therapy for mental health workers.

    PubMed

    Ferraz, H; Wellman, N

    2009-05-01

    The focus of mental health care has changed considerably in recent years, from an almost exclusive inpatient system of care to one where the majority of care is being delivered within the community. Arguably this has contributed to a reduction in the length of inpatient admissions. Therefore, there is a need to understand the ramifications that shorter admissions have on inpatient care and nursing practice. This paper reports on a study designed to test the knowledge and skill acquisition and self-reported application of solution-focused brief therapy by staff following a 2-day training. The study adopted a repeated measures design where participants' baseline knowledge was measured prior to the 2-day training and then at 3 and 6 months post-training. This study has demonstrated that the 2-day training was effective in increasing participants' reported knowledge and understanding of solution-focused brief therapy and their self-reported use of the techniques in routine clinical practice. In conclusion, this study has established that staff from a variety of professional and non-professional backgrounds can make good skill acquisition from a fairly modest training. Additionally, the current study has also highlighted the need for well-conducted large-scale trials of this potentially important technology.

  10. 76 FR 42724 - Notice of Public Meeting, Medford District Resource Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ...) will meet as indicated below. DATES: The meetings will begin 8:30 a.m., P.D.T., on August 10, August 24... welcome to attend all portions of the meeting and may make oral comments to the Council at 9:30 a.m., P.D.T., on August 10, 2011, at the meeting location. Those who verbally address the Medford RAC are...

  11. Mars Polar Lander: The Search Begins

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Beginning Thursday, December 16, 1999, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft initiated a search for visible evidence of the fate of the missing Mars Polar Lander using the high resolution Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) operated by Malin Space Science Systems of San Diego, California. Mars Polar Lander was lost during its landing attempt near 76.3oS, 195.0oW on the martian south polar layered terrain on December 3, 1999. Although the likelihood of seeing the lander is quite small, the MOC effort might provide some clues that shed light on what happened to the lander. The problem, however, is one of 'pixels'--those little square boxes of different shades of gray that comprise a digital image.

    The two pictures above illustrate the difficulty of finding the lander in MOC images. The picture at the top of the page is the first of the images that were acquired to look for the lander--this one was snapped by MOC around 3:36 p.m. Greenwich time on December 16th. Local time on Mars was about 2 p.m. Portions of this image are shown at 1/4th scale (left), full-scale (1.5 meters, or 5 feet, per pixel--middle), and 10 times enlarged (right). Because the landing site is very far south (at this latitude on Earth, you would be in Antarctica), the Sun illumination is not ideal for taking high resolution pictures with MOC. Thus, the full-resolution MOC data for this region show a large amount of 'salt and pepper' noise, which arises from statistical fluctuations in how light falling on the MOC charge-coupled-device (CCD) detector is converted to electricity. Other aspects of the MOC electronics also introduce noise. These effects are greatly reduced when taking pictures of portions of Mars that have better, more direct sunlight, or when the images are taken at reduced resolution to, in effect, 'average-out' the noise.

    The lower picture shows a model of the Mars Polar Lander sitting on a carpet in a conference room at Malin

  12. Mars Polar Lander: The Search Begins

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1999-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site]

    Beginning Thursday, December 16, 1999, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) spacecraft initiated a search for visible evidence of the fate of the missing Mars Polar Lander using the high resolution Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) operated by Malin Space Science Systems of San Diego, California. Mars Polar Lander was lost during its landing attempt near 76.3oS, 195.0oW on the martian south polar layered terrain on December 3, 1999. Although the likelihood of seeing the lander is quite small, the MOC effort might provide some clues that shed light on what happened to the lander. The problem, however, is one of 'pixels'--those little square boxes of different shades of gray that comprise a digital image.

    The two pictures above illustrate the difficulty of finding the lander in MOC images. The picture at the top of the page is the first of the images that were acquired to look for the lander--this one was snapped by MOC around 3:36 p.m. Greenwich time on December 16th. Local time on Mars was about 2 p.m. Portions of this image are shown at 1/4th scale (left), full-scale (1.5 meters, or 5 feet, per pixel--middle), and 10 times enlarged (right). Because the landing site is very far south (at this latitude on Earth, you would be in Antarctica), the Sun illumination is not ideal for taking high resolution pictures with MOC. Thus, the full-resolution MOC data for this region show a large amount of 'salt and pepper' noise, which arises from statistical fluctuations in how light falling on the MOC charge-coupled-device (CCD) detector is converted to electricity. Other aspects of the MOC electronics also introduce noise. These effects are greatly reduced when taking pictures of portions of Mars that have better, more direct sunlight, or when the images are taken at reduced resolution to, in effect, 'average-out' the noise.

    The lower picture shows a model of the Mars Polar Lander sitting on a carpet in a conference room at Malin

  13. The New Beginnings Program for Divorcing and Separating Families: Moving from Efficacy to Effectiveness

    PubMed Central

    Wolchik, S.A.; Sandler, I.N.; Jones, S.; Gonzales, N.; Doyle, K.; Winslow, E.; Zhou, Q.; Braver, S.L.

    2009-01-01

    This article describes a program of research on effectively transporting the New Beginnings Program (NBP), a university-tested prevention program for divorced families, to community settings. The status of four steps in this research are described: (1) Selecting a community partner; (2) Developing effective methods of engaging parents; (3) Redesigning the NBP to be easily delivered with high quality and fidelity in community agencies, and (4) Adapting the NBP to meet the needs of the full population of divorcing families. The article concludes with a discussion of plans for an effectiveness trial to evaluate the NBP when delivered in community settings. PMID:20160898

  14. 75 FR 39205 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  15. 75 FR 13075 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  16. 77 FR 74827 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  17. 78 FR 76101 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. ] SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  18. 78 FR 12715 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  19. 77 FR 7126 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance...

  20. RAS Ordinary Meeting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-08-01

    Here are summarized talks from the February and March RAS Ordinary Meetings. The February meeting also enjoyed the Eddington Lecture from Prof. Lisa Kewley (Australian National University) on galaxy evolution in 3D.

  1. 75 FR 66061 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  2. 76 FR 68127 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-03

    ...] [FR Doc No: 2011-28540] ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board) plans to hold its regular...

  3. 76 FR 21702 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  4. 77 FR 51513 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  5. 76 FR 10557 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  6. 76 FR 78611 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  7. 77 FR 36479 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and Transportation Barriers...

  8. Serum levels of vancomycin: is there a prediction using doses in mg/kg/day or m(2)/day for neonates?

    PubMed

    Romanelli, Roberta Maia de Castro; Anchieta, Lêni Márcia; Fernandes, Juliana Chaves Abreu; Lima, Mariana Antunes Faria; Souza, Taís Marina de; Rosado, Viviane; Clemente, Wanessa Trindade; Camargos, Paulo Augusto Moreira

    2016-01-01

    Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus has been identified as the main nosocomial agent of neonatal late-onset sepsis. However, based on the pharmacokinetics and erratic distribution of vancomycin, recommended empirical dose is not ideal, due to the inappropriate serum levels that have been measured in neonates. The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of vancomycin used in newborns and compare the prediction of adequate serum levels based on doses calculated according to mg/kg/day and m(2)/day. This is an observational reprospective cohort at a referral neonatal unit, from 2011 to 2013. Newborns treated with vancomycin for the first episode of late-onset sepsis were included. Total dose in mg/kg/day, dose/m(2)/day, age, weight, body surface and gestational age were identified as independent variables. For predictive analysis of adequate serum levels, multiple linear regressions were performed. The Receiver Operating Characteristic curve for proper serum vancomycin levels was also obtained. A total of 98 patients received 169 serum dosages of the drug, 41 (24.3%) of the doses had serum levels that were defined as appropriate. Doses prescribed in mg/kg/day and dose/m(2)/day predicted serum levels in only 9% and 4% of cases, respectively. Statistical significance was observed with higher doses when the serum levels were considered as appropriate (p<0.001). A dose of 27mg/kg/day had a sensitivity of 82.9% to achieve correct serum levels of vancomycin. Although vancomycin has erratic serum levels and empirical doses cannot properly predict the target levels, highest doses in mg/kg/day were associated with adequate serum levels. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Infectologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  9. Accurate and stable equal-pressure measurements of water vapor transmission rate reaching the 10-6 g m-2 day-1 range

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nakano, Yoichiro; Yanase, Takashi; Nagahama, Taro; Yoshida, Hajime; Shimada, Toshihiro

    2016-10-01

    The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) of a gas barrier coating is a critically important parameter for flexible organic device packaging, but its accurate measurement without mechanical stress to ultrathin films has been a significant challenge in instrumental analysis. At the current stage, no reliable results have been reported in the range of 10-6 g m-2 day-1 that is required for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this article, we describe a solution for this difficult, but important measurement, involving enhanced sensitivity by a cold trap, stabilized temperature system, pumped sealing and calibration by a standard conductance element.

  10. Accurate and stable equal-pressure measurements of water vapor transmission rate reaching the 10(-6) g m(-2) day(-1) range.

    PubMed

    Nakano, Yoichiro; Yanase, Takashi; Nagahama, Taro; Yoshida, Hajime; Shimada, Toshihiro

    2016-10-17

    The water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) of a gas barrier coating is a critically important parameter for flexible organic device packaging, but its accurate measurement without mechanical stress to ultrathin films has been a significant challenge in instrumental analysis. At the current stage, no reliable results have been reported in the range of 10(-6) g m(-2) day(-1) that is required for organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs). In this article, we describe a solution for this difficult, but important measurement, involving enhanced sensitivity by a cold trap, stabilized temperature system, pumped sealing and calibration by a standard conductance element.

  11. Making Meetings Work Better.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Standke, Linda

    1978-01-01

    Focusing on the increased use by trainers of off-site facilities for employee training meetings, this article looks at some improvements and the expanding market in the meeting site industry. It also highlights emerging trends in the industry and covers the growth of meeting planning into a profession. (EM)

  12. Managing Magnificent Meetings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christianson, Becky

    2005-01-01

    Though trustees may communicate informally via telephone or e-mail, the board's formal meetings are the primary setting in which issues of great consequence are discussed and decided. That's why it is vital for those responsible for planning board meetings to be certain each meeting accomplishes the business at hand. Beyond common sense, planning…

  13. 75 FR 58350 - Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-24

    ... RESEARCH COMMISSION Meeting Notice is hereby given that the U.S. Arctic Research Commission will hold its... presentations concerning Arctic research activities. The focus of the meeting will be reports and updates on programs and research projects affecting the Arctic. If you plan to attend this meeting, please notify...

  14. Harrison chairs annual meetings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katzoff, Judith A.

    Fostering the development of interdisciplinary ideas at AGU meetings is the primary goal of AGU's new Meetings Chairman, Christopher G. A. Harrison. “The strength of AGU is the broadness of disciplines represented [within it],” Harrison explained.Harrison is a professor of geophysics at the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the University of Miami. The upcoming 1986 Spring Meeting is the first for which Harrison is serving as chairman, and his term will end after the 1988 Fall Meeting. He succeeds H. Frank Eden, who had been Meetings Chairman since late 1982.

  15. Computer and Software Use in Teaching the Beginning Statistics Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartz, Albert E.; Sabolik, Marisa A.

    2001-01-01

    Surveys the extent of computer usage in the beginning statistics course and the variety of statistics software used. Finds that 69% of the psychology departments used computers in beginning statistics courses and 90% used computer-assisted data analysis in statistics or other courses. (CMK)

  16. Searching for the Right Way to Begin Class: Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawry, John D.

    2012-01-01

    Part I, "Searching for the Right Way to Begin Class," described the various iterations of beginning class rituals the author used over the years. Those rituals began with a prayer to the Holy Spirit as was required at the Catholic women's college Marymount in Tarrytown, New York, where he first taught out of graduate school in 1965. That…

  17. Effective Classroom Management at the Beginning of the School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmer, Edmund T.; Evertson, Carolyn M.

    The crucial importance of beginning-of-the-year activities in establishing good behavior patterns in the elementary classroom is asserted. Observations were made of two groups of teachers who were very different in management effectiveness throughout a school year. A number differences between the two groups' first- day and beginning-of-the-year…

  18. Evolution of a Teaching Approach for Beginning Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banerjee, Rakhi; Subramaniam, K.

    2012-01-01

    The article reports aspects of the evolution of a teaching approach over repeated trials for beginning symbolic algebra. The teaching approach emphasized the structural similarity between arithmetic and algebraic expressions and aimed at supporting students in making a transition from arithmetic to beginning algebra. The study was conducted with…

  19. Beginning Again: Making Sense and Learning the Terrain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pinnegar, Stefinee

    This narrative is a construction of self as beginner, analysis of other as beginner, and a reformulation that attempts to combine and make mobile and immutable knowledge about beginning and beginners. Data were collected from: (1) 48 students in a beginning teacher education course who kept journals of their experiences; (2) student teachers'…

  20. The Algebra Content Knowledge of Beginning Teachers in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caswell, Lisa M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the competence of beginning California K-6 teachers in basic algebra topics, and to investigate their level of math anxiety and attitudes toward math. The sample for this study was beginning California elementary teachers in the Bay Area of California. An algebra content assessment and a self-report…

  1. Ideas in Practice: Graphing Calculators in Beginning Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Aimee

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on a project to improve Beginning Algebra students' understanding of basic algebraic concepts through fully integrated use of the TI-83 graphing calculator. The methodology incorporated an intervention case study including approximately 700 Beginning Algebra students at an open-door community college of 8,500 students in the…

  2. Beginning Teachers' Use of Online Resources and Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Julie A.; Chae, Boyoung

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to understand how beginning teachers actually utilize online resources in their everyday teaching contexts. Using a qualitative interview study design, the researchers investigated beginning teachers' use of online resources in three dimensions: professional tasks, emotional/personal support, and teaching practice. The…

  3. Making a Difference--"Better Beginnings" Family Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Nola

    2009-01-01

    The author describes the aptly-named "Better Beginnings" early childhood literacy project. Conducted by the State Library of Western Australia, sponsored by the WA State Government and Rio Tinto Limited, and closely monitored by Edith Cowan University, "Better Beginnings" has been successful from the outset, with proven…

  4. Beginning Teachers' Perception of Their Induction into the Teaching Profession

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kidd, Lynda; Brown, Natalie; Fitzallen, Noleine

    2015-01-01

    Beginning teachers' induction into the teaching profession needs to be personally and professionally fulfilling, which is often not the case. The main objective of this mixed method study was to gain a deeper understanding of beginning teachers' experiences and the perceptions of their induction into the teaching profession and the support they…

  5. Developing New Reading Assessments to Promote Beginning Reading in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koh, Kim H.; Paris, Scott G.

    2011-01-01

    Effective reading instruction and intervention are rooted in effective assessments of children's developing skills in reading. The article aims to describe the development of new reading assessments to help promote beginning reading in Singapore primary schools. We begin with an introduction to the educational landscape and policies before…

  6. Preferred Knowledge Sources for Beginning Farmers: The Case of Kentucky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brislen, Lilian; Tanaka, Keiko; Jacobsen, Krista

    2016-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of preferred knowledge sources for beginning farmers and differences in knowledge networks between "heritage" and "nonheritage" farmers. The purpose of the analysis is to support the reassessment of training, technical assistance, and other needs of beginning farmers to be able to develop more…

  7. Telepractice Services at Sound Beginnings at Utah State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaiser, Kristina M.; Edwards, Marge; Behl, Diane; Munoz, Karen F.

    2012-01-01

    The Utah State University Sound Beginnings program originated in 2007 as a laboratory school to serve children with hearing loss from birth to age 6 years old living in Northern Utah. Sound Beginnings offers an interdisciplinary listening and spoken language educational option for families through the following services: toddler and preschool…

  8. Beginning Teachers' Job Experiences in Multi-Ethnic Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piot, Liesbeth; Kelchtermans, Geert; Ballet, Katrijn

    2010-01-01

    Multi-ethnic schools in Flanders are frequently portrayed--both in popular media and research--as highly problematic working environments for (beginning) teachers. This article reports on an exploratory study of beginning teachers' experiences in one secondary multi-ethnic school in Flanders. Based on data from questionnaires, document analysis…

  9. Role Management Strategies of Beginning Teachers in Hong Kong

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choi, Pik Lin; Tang, Sylvia Yee Fan

    2005-01-01

    Beginning teachers encounter new challenges as the role system in contemporary society has become more and more demanding. By means of the life history method, role management strategies of four Hong Kong beginning teachers employed to cope with role demands and intra-role conflicts were located in their biographical, workplace and wider…

  10. Searching for the Right Way to Begin Class: Part II

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawry, John D.

    2012-01-01

    Part I, "Searching for the Right Way to Begin Class," described the various iterations of beginning class rituals the author used over the years. Those rituals began with a prayer to the Holy Spirit as was required at the Catholic women's college Marymount in Tarrytown, New York, where he first taught out of graduate school in 1965. That…

  11. 39 CFR 3030.30 - Beginning proceedings on complaints.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Beginning proceedings on complaints. 3030.30 Section 3030.30 Postal Service POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION PERSONNEL RULES FOR COMPLAINTS Proceedings § 3030.30 Beginning proceedings on complaints. (a) Within 90 days after receiving a properly filed...

  12. Making a Difference--"Better Beginnings" Family Literacy Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Nola

    2009-01-01

    The author describes the aptly-named "Better Beginnings" early childhood literacy project. Conducted by the State Library of Western Australia, sponsored by the WA State Government and Rio Tinto Limited, and closely monitored by Edith Cowan University, "Better Beginnings" has been successful from the outset, with proven…

  13. Development of a Beginning Braille Reading Series. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caton, Hilda; Pester, Eleanor

    A 3 year project to develop a beginning braille reading series was undertaken, beginning with research reviews on concept development, tactual perception, braille reading, and general reading. Analysis of vocabulary lists and specifications followed, culminating in development of the readiness, preprimer, and primer readers with accompanying…

  14. Preferred Knowledge Sources for Beginning Farmers: The Case of Kentucky

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brislen, Lilian; Tanaka, Keiko; Jacobsen, Krista

    2016-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of preferred knowledge sources for beginning farmers and differences in knowledge networks between "heritage" and "nonheritage" farmers. The purpose of the analysis is to support the reassessment of training, technical assistance, and other needs of beginning farmers to be able to develop more…

  15. Six Beginning Music Teachers' Music Teacher Role Identities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paise, Michele Paynter

    2010-01-01

    In this study, I used a qualitative approach to explore the music teacher role identities of six beginning music teachers prior to, during, and after their student teaching experience. Data collection included participant-observation, interviews, and e-mail communication. Specifically, I looked at what each of these beginning music teachers…

  16. Evolution of a Teaching Approach for Beginning Algebra

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banerjee, Rakhi; Subramaniam, K.

    2012-01-01

    The article reports aspects of the evolution of a teaching approach over repeated trials for beginning symbolic algebra. The teaching approach emphasized the structural similarity between arithmetic and algebraic expressions and aimed at supporting students in making a transition from arithmetic to beginning algebra. The study was conducted with…

  17. Beginning Teacher Induction: What the Data Tell Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingersoll, Richard M.

    2012-01-01

    Induction support programs for beginning teachers is an education reform whose time has come. The national data indicate that over the past couple of decades the number of beginning teachers has ballooned in the U.S. Simultaneously, there has been a large increase in the number of states, districts, and schools offering induction programs.…

  18. Teach Like a Novice: Lessons from Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eckert, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Classroom management is the greatest challenge for beginning teachers and continues to develop over their careers. Much can be learned from beginning teachers through reflection and the perspective that experience brings. Seven strategies can help improve classroom management: Maintain a growth mindset; try new ideas, reflect, then accept, reject,…

  19. Bridges to Strength: The TEA-AEL Beginning Teacher's Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.

    This handbook addresses the concerns and needs of beginning teachers in the sequence in which they often arise. The first two sections offer a checklist of things to attend to before the beginning of school, tips on the physical and visual classroom environment, a supplies checklist, and suggestions ranging from organizing the classroom and making…

  20. The Algebra Content Knowledge of Beginning Teachers in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caswell, Lisa M.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the competence of beginning California K-6 teachers in basic algebra topics, and to investigate their level of math anxiety and attitudes toward math. The sample for this study was beginning California elementary teachers in the Bay Area of California. An algebra content assessment and a self-report…

  1. Searching for the Right Way to Begin Class

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawry, John D.

    2010-01-01

    When the author accepted his first college teaching position, he never really gave much thought to how a class should begin. In this article, the author reflects on his teaching experiences and recognizes now that how his classes begin is important. The students' comments suggest that the ritual of silence and time for reflection does make a…

  2. Telepractice Services at Sound Beginnings at Utah State University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blaiser, Kristina M.; Edwards, Marge; Behl, Diane; Munoz, Karen F.

    2012-01-01

    The Utah State University Sound Beginnings program originated in 2007 as a laboratory school to serve children with hearing loss from birth to age 6 years old living in Northern Utah. Sound Beginnings offers an interdisciplinary listening and spoken language educational option for families through the following services: toddler and preschool…

  3. 20 CFR 218.10 - When a supplemental annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... in which the employee disability annuitant under age 65 gives up the right to return to work as... Section 218.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... employee supplemental annuity begins on the latest of— (a) The beginning date of the employee age or...

  4. 20 CFR 218.10 - When a supplemental annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... in which the employee disability annuitant under age 65 gives up the right to return to work as... Section 218.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... employee supplemental annuity begins on the latest of— (a) The beginning date of the employee age or...

  5. 20 CFR 218.10 - When a supplemental annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... in which the employee disability annuitant under age 65 gives up the right to return to work as... Section 218.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... employee supplemental annuity begins on the latest of— (a) The beginning date of the employee age or...

  6. 20 CFR 218.10 - When a supplemental annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... in which the employee disability annuitant under age 65 gives up the right to return to work as... Section 218.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... employee supplemental annuity begins on the latest of— (a) The beginning date of the employee age or...

  7. 20 CFR 218.10 - When a supplemental annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... in which the employee disability annuitant under age 65 gives up the right to return to work as... Section 218.10 Employees' Benefits RAILROAD RETIREMENT BOARD REGULATIONS UNDER THE RAILROAD RETIREMENT ACT... employee supplemental annuity begins on the latest of— (a) The beginning date of the employee age or...

  8. Professional Development Needs of Beginning Agricultural Education Teachers in Idaho

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Touchstone, Allison J. L.

    2015-01-01

    The continuing shortage of agricultural education instructors has been documented across the state and nation. Secondary instructor retention may help reduce the shortage and position changes each year. Identifying the challenges facing beginning teachers as perceived by beginning teachers, veteran teachers, and building administrators can help…

  9. ADAPTING A BEGINNING READING PROGRAM FOR SPANISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCNEIL, JOHN D.

    A BEGINNING READING PROGRAM FOR SPANISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN IS REPORTED. A STUDY, SPONSORED BY THE SOUTHWEST REGIONAL LABORATORY FOR EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (SWRL), DEVELOPED LEARNING SEQUENCES FOR A BEGINNING READING PROGRAM FOR KINDERGARTEN CLASSROOMS WITH SPANISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN THROUGHOUT THE SOUTHWEST REGION. EACH OF 21 10-MINUTE…

  10. Beginning Students' Perceptions of Effective Activities for Chinese Character Recognition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Jing; Leland, Christine H.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates what beginning learners of Chinese perceive as helpful in learning to recognize characters. Thirteen English-speaking participants in a beginning Chinese class answered journal questions and completed a survey over one semester at a large Midwestern university. Findings suggest that participants perceived the usefulness of…

  11. Perceptions of Beginning Teachers' Inservice Needs in Classroom Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrett, Elden R.; Davis, Susan

    1995-01-01

    This study examined beginning teachers' perceptions of inservice training needs. Researchers asked beginning teachers to rank the areas in which they needed the most training. The highest ranked topic was student motivation, while practical classroom management ideas and positive reinforcement ranked second. Behavior problems and diversity also…

  12. Presumably bacterial remains in banded iron formations: beginning of investigations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Astafieva, M.

    2014-04-01

    Ancient Archaean and Protherozoic rocks are the model objects for investigation of rocks comprising astromaterials. Judging by their age these terrestrial rocks are the nearest to the rocks of meteorites. They are represented as a rule by deeply metamorphized layers of volcanogenic and volcanogenic-sedimentary rocks and bacterial-paleontological investigations of these rocks usually meet some difficulties. But paleontological studies of these rocks usually meet some difficulties. One of these difficulties is usual high metamorphization of rocks. That is why investigation of Archaean banded iron formations is of great importance. Banded iron formations are known everywhere. The oldest banded iron formations are met in Archaean. Their widest distribution was in Proterozoic. They are constituent part of metamorphic complexes of all ancient shields. Formation of these units ended in Phanerozoic. Peculiarity of their development in time, thin layering, rhythmyc repetitiveness are reasons of great interest to these formations. Banded iron formations are sedimentary rocks. Interbedding of ferrigenous (magnetite, hematite, siderite etc.) interlayers and siliceous layers are typical to these formations. Stratificatification is thin, thickness of interlayers is less than 1-2 mm. Iron content exceeds 15%. Potentially all minerals of ferrigenous interlayers could be of biogenic nature because both for oxygenized (hematite) and reduced (magnetite and siderite) minerals direct mechanism of bacterial production is established by microbiologists. Basic ore mineral of banded iron formations is magnetite. But magnetite origin is not clear till nowadays and this problem is very actual [2]. Nevertheless bacterial remains by themselves have not been found and it is not surprising. It is proved that finely dispersed non-completely formed magnetite compose basic mass of magnetite formed for example by thermophylic iron-reducing bacteria. Processes of structure arrangement and crystal

  13. The Expert Group Meetings Convened as Part of the Substantive Preparations for the International Conference on Population and Development. Proceedings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Population Bulletin of the United Nations, 1993

    1993-01-01

    A review of six expert group meetings was organized to discuss various population and development issues and present individual group reports. The review begins with a synthesis of the meetings and gives a brief description of the organizational aspects of the meetings, a summary of recommendations, and an overview of important issues examined at…

  14. 39 CFR 6.1 - Regular meetings, annual meeting.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 39 Postal Service 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Regular meetings, annual meeting. 6.1 Section 6.1 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE THE BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE U.S. POSTAL SERVICE MEETINGS (ARTICLE VI) § 6.1 Regular meetings, annual meeting. The Board shall meet regularly on a schedule...

  15. 78 FR 6306 - Sunshine Act Meeting-Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-30

    ... COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting--Closed Meeting The following notice of a closed meeting is published... HOLDING THE MEETING: Commodity Futures Trading Commission. TIME AND DATE: February 4, 2013 at 12:00 p.m... meeting changes, an announcement of the change, along with the new time and place of the meeting will be...

  16. 78 FR 2961 - Sunshine Act Meeting-Closed Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-15

    ... COMMISSION Sunshine Act Meeting--Closed Meeting The following notice of a closed meeting is published... HOLDING THE MEETING: Commodity Futures Trading Commission. TIME AND DATE: January 14, 2013 at 10:00 a.m... meeting changes, an announcement of the change, along with the new time and place of the meeting will be...

  17. Single preoperative dose of prophylactic amoxicillin versus a 2-day postoperative course in dental implant surgery: A two-centre randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Arduino, Paolo G; Tirone, Federico; Schiorlin, Emanuele; Esposito, Marco

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the difference between a single preoperative dose versus an additional two-day postoperative course of oral amoxicillin in patients undergoing conventional dental implant placement. Two dentists in two different private practices conducted this study. One hour prior to surgery, patients had to take a single prophylactic antibiotic dose, consisting of 2 g of amoxicillin orally; after implant placement, patients were randomly allocated to two different groups: protocol A (no other antibiotic administration) and protocol B, (1 g of amoxicillin in the evening of the day of surgery and 1 g twice a day for the 2 days after). Outcome measures were prosthetic and implant failures, adverse events and early postoperative complications. Patients were followed up to 6 months after functional loading. Three hundred and sixty patients were randomised and treated (192 patients in one centre and 168 in the other). Five hundred and sixty-seven implants were placed. Protocol A was applied to 180 patients (278 implants) and protocol B also to 180 patients (289 implants). Data for 17 patients, 14 from protocol A and three from protocol B, were not available. No statistically significant differences were found for the reported outcomes. Two patients of protocol B experienced a prosthetic failure, losing four implants, while no prosthetic failures were reported for protocol A (P=0.4836; difference in proportions=-0.0110; 95% CI: -0.0412 to 0.0119). Five patients (3.0%) of protocol A lost five implants versus 5 patients (2.8%) who lost eight implants in protocol B (P=1.0000; difference in proportions=0.0020; 95% CI: -0.0384 to 0.0438). Three adverse events were observed in the total population, all occurring in protocol B (1.69%), with no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P=0.1199; difference in proportions=-0.0170; 95% CI: -0.0487 to 0.0059). However, one patient experienced a severe allergic reaction requiring therapy discontinuation and hospital

  18. A Study of Beginning Traditionally Prepared Teachers and Beginning Alternatively Licensed Teachers: Presentation Skills and Students' Achievements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hawk, Parmalee P.

    This study investigated whether there was a difference in student achievement in the content areas between students in grades 6-12 who were taught by beginning teachers who were education graduates and students in grades 6-12 taught by beginning teachers who held degrees in areas other than education. It also examined whether there was a…

  19. Supporting and Retaining Beginning Teachers: A Validity Study of the Perceptions of Success Inventory for Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbell, Kristen A.; Osborne, Jason; Reiman, Alan J.

    2010-01-01

    In the United States, 50% of beginning teachers leave the classroom in their first 5 years of teaching (Ingersoll & Smith, 2004). This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Perceptions of Success Inventory for Beginning Teachers (PSI-BT), an instrument that can be used to make informed decisions for improving induction programs…

  20. Supporting and Retaining Beginning Teachers: A Validity Study of the Perceptions of Success Inventory for Beginning Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corbell, Kristen A.; Osborne, Jason; Reiman, Alan J.

    2010-01-01

    In the United States, 50% of beginning teachers leave the classroom in their first 5 years of teaching (Ingersoll & Smith, 2004). This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Perceptions of Success Inventory for Beginning Teachers (PSI-BT), an instrument that can be used to make informed decisions for improving induction programs…

  1. Observations from Oversight Organizations Impacting Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom Beginning FY 2003 Through FY 2009

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2010-08-30

    a historical look at oversight activ ities in Southwest Asia beginning FY 2003 th rough FY 2009. This report also provides information related to...and chairs the quarterly meetings. The mission of the group is to better coordinate and integrate oversight activities and to oversee efforts to...prevent fraud, waste, abuse, and criminal activities in Southwest Asia. The group provides an opportunity for collaboration and teamwork with the

  2. How to Run a Meeting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jay, Antony

    1976-01-01

    Offers guidelines on how to correct things that go wrong in meetings. Discusses functions of a meeting, distinctions in size and type of meetings, the chairman's role, defining meeting objectives, making preparations, and conducting a meeting that will meet its objectives. (Author/JG)

  3. Pediatric Emergency Department Resource Utilization among Children with Primary Care Clinic Contact in the Preceding 2 Days: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    PubMed

    Grech, Christina K; Laux, Molly A; Burrows, Heather L; Macy, Michelle L; Pomeranz, Elaine S

    2017-09-01

    To characterize pediatric patient contacts with their primary care clinic in the 2 days preceding a visit to the emergency department (ED) and explore how the type of clinic contact relates to ED resource use. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 368 pediatric ED visits in the first 7 days of each month, from September 2012 to August 2013. Visits were included if the family contacted their child's general pediatric clinic in the study health system in the 2 days preceding the ED visit. Descriptive statistics were calculated. Primary outcomes were ED resource use (tests, treatments) and disposition (admission or discharge). Outcomes by type of clinic contact were compared with χ(2) statistics. Of 1116 records with ED visits in the 12 study weeks extracted from the electronic medical record, 368 ED visits met inclusion criteria. Most ED visits followed a single clinic contact (78.8%). Of the 474 clinic contacts, 149 were in-person visits, 216 phone calls when clinic was open, and 109 phone calls when clinic was closed. ED visits that followed an in-person clinic contact with advice to go to the ED had significantly greater rates of testing and admission than those advised to go to the ED after phone contact and those never advised to go to the ED. In-person clinic visits with advice to go to the ED were associated with the greatest ED resource use. Limitations include a study of a single health system without a uniform process for triaging patients to the ED across clinics. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. [The beginnings of public health studies in Renaissance Spain].

    PubMed

    López Piñero, José María

    2006-01-01

    A very brief synthesis is provided of the findings of the historical research the author first began more than forty years ago as to the initial beginnings of the studies on public health in Renaissance Spain. The role played by royal power from the standpoint of the beginnings of the modern State, the influence of Hippocratic environmentalism, keeping up cleanliness-related privileges at the personal level, the first beginnings of hygiene on a widespread basis in related to the plague epidemics and the contributions to medical care conditioned by the change in poverty-related values are discussed in turn.

  5. Strategies for effective meetings.

    PubMed

    Gerwick, Michele A

    2013-04-01

    This article provides basic strategies for conducting effective meetings and providing committee chairs and members with a sense of accomplishment. Health care professionals can become easily frustrated regarding the need to attend meetings. They may perceive that attending a meeting is a waste of their valuable time, that nothing is ever accomplished, and that their input is not valued. Committee leaders need to use effective strategies to enhance each committee member's sense of accomplishment. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  6. 75 FR 81971 - Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-29

    ...: The Pacific Fishery Management Council's (Council) Highly Migratory Species Management Team (HMSMT) will hold a work session, which is open to the public. DATES: The HMSMT work session will begin at 8:30...:30 a.m. On both days the meeting will continue until business is completed. ADDRESSES: The work...

  7. 75 FR 41239 - Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-15

    ... will begin at 4 p.m. (Central Daylight Savings Time) and continue until conclusion of the Committee's... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office LEGAL SERVICES CORPORATION Sunshine Act; Notice of Meeting TIME AND DATE: The Legal Services Corporation Board of Directors' Search...

  8. 77 FR 9903 - Notice of Commission Meeting and Public Hearing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DELAWARE RIVER BASIN COMMISSION Notice of Commission Meeting and Public Hearing Notice is hereby given that the Delaware River... session will begin at 10:30 a.m. and will consist of presentations on: (a) the Final Report: Delaware...

  9. 20 CFR 218.11 - When a spouse annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... meets the marriage requirement as shown in part 216 of this chapter; or (iv) The first day of the month in which the employee annuitant meets the age requirement to qualify the claimant as shown in part 216 of this chapter. (2) Full-age annuity. The earliest date permitted by law is the latest of—...

  10. 20 CFR 218.11 - When a spouse annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... meets the marriage requirement as shown in part 216 of this chapter; or (iv) The first day of the month in which the employee annuitant meets the age requirement to qualify the claimant as shown in part 216 of this chapter. (2) Full-age annuity. The earliest date permitted by law is the latest of—...

  11. 20 CFR 218.11 - When a spouse annuity begins.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... meets the marriage requirement as shown in part 216 of this chapter; or (iv) The first day of the month in which the employee annuitant meets the age requirement to qualify the claimant as shown in part 216 of this chapter. (2) Full-age annuity. The earliest date permitted by law is the latest of—...

  12. Dundee Canal Industrial Historic District, Beginning at George Street in ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Dundee Canal Industrial Historic District, Beginning at George Street in Passaic & extending north along Dundee Canal approximately 1.2 miles to Canal headgates opposite East Clifton Avenue in Clifton, Passaic, Passaic County, NJ

  13. 3. Overview of railroad grade, looking southwest. 1500' from beginning ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. Overview of railroad grade, looking southwest. 1500' from beginning of road 15N67. - Slaughterhouse Canyon Railroad Grade, South of State Highway 28 on East shore of Lake Tahoe, Carson City, Carson City, NV

  14. 14. DRAGLINE BEGINNING CONSTRUCTION OF THE BYPASS CHANNEL CONNECTING THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    14. DRAGLINE BEGINNING CONSTRUCTION OF THE BY-PASS CHANNEL CONNECTING THE DIVERSION GATE ALONG THE OUTLET CHANNEL WITH THE ORIGINAL CHANNEL OF THE SOURIS RIVER - Upper Souris National Wildlife Refuge, Dam 83, Souris River Basin, Foxholm, Surrey (England), ND

  15. 39. ENTRANCE SIGN AT BEGINNING OF ARROYO SECO PARKWAY IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    39. ENTRANCE SIGN AT BEGINNING OF ARROYO SECO PARKWAY IN PASADENA AT INTERSECTION OF ARROYO SECO PARKWAY AND WALLIS ST. LOOKING 130° SE. - Arroyo Seco Parkway, Los Angeles to Pasadena, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. View east, stone sluice, beginning of lower standing section, showing ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View east, stone sluice, beginning of lower standing section, showing third drop, stone pier in center, cement piers to right - Glens Falls Feeder, Sluice, Along south side of Glens Falls Feeder between locks 10 & 20, Hudson Falls, Washington County, NY

  17. Mathematics Competency for Beginning Chemistry Students Through Dimensional Analysis.

    PubMed

    Pursell, David P; Forlemu, Neville Y; Anagho, Leonard E

    2017-01-01

    Mathematics competency in nursing education and practice may be addressed by an instructional variation of the traditional dimensional analysis technique typically presented in beginning chemistry courses. The authors studied 73 beginning chemistry students using the typical dimensional analysis technique and the variation technique. Student quantitative problem-solving performance was evaluated. Students using the variation technique scored significantly better (18.3 of 20 points, p < .0001) on the final examination quantitative titration problem than those who used the typical technique (10.9 of 20 points). American Chemical Society examination scores and in-house assessment indicate that better performing beginning chemistry students were more likely to use the variation technique rather than the typical technique. The variation technique may be useful as an alternative instructional approach to enhance beginning chemistry students' mathematics competency and problem-solving ability in both education and practice. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(1):22-26.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  18. Behind the Scenes: Bowen Begins STS-133 Training

    NASA Image and Video Library

    After a bicycle accident forced astronaut Tim Kopra to be replaced six weeks before the launch of STS-133, astronaut Steve Bowen stepped in to begin training for the flight and the two spacewalks h...

  19. Inoculation Against Stress: A Technique for Beginning Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteve, J. M.; Fracchia, A. F. B.

    1986-01-01

    A literature review emphasizes the role of stress on teacher morale and leads to a description of an "inoculation" program used with beginning secondary school teachers which helps them to cope with common stressors. (Author/CB)

  20. 4. HEADGATE AND FLUME AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SNAKE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. HEADGATE AND FLUME AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SNAKE RIVER DITCH PASSING THROUGH BEAVER POND AREA, LOOKING EAST-SOUTHEAST. - Snake River Ditch, Headgate on north bank of Snake River, Dillon, Summit County, CO

  1. Soil Remediation to Begin at Superfund Site in Walpole, Mass.

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Work to excavate and remove contaminated soil at the Blackburn and Union Privileges Superfund Site begins this week. The soil remediation is focused on South Street on the east side properties, where the former Cosmec building sits.

  2. Complete Procedural Record: Helping Beginning Teachers Set Professional Goals.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bey, Theresa M.

    1986-01-01

    Explains a written form beginning teachers can use to record their competencies in nine areas: classroom climate, creative curricula, complimentary communication, planned progress, particular practices, productive performance, reflective teaching, reliable tools, and relevant training. (HOD)

  3. 1. BEGINNING OF RAILWAY SUPERSTRUCTURE IN PHILADELPHIA COUNTY. FACING EAST ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. BEGINNING OF RAILWAY SUPERSTRUCTURE IN PHILADELPHIA COUNTY. FACING EAST DOWN MARKET STREET. - Market Street Elevated Railway, Market Street between Sixty-ninth & Forty-sixth Streets, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  4. CANAL EXITING FLUME AND BEGINNING EARTHLINED MAIN SECTION AT MOUTH ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    CANAL EXITING FLUME AND BEGINNING EARTH-LINED MAIN SECTION AT MOUTH OF PLATTE RIVER CANYON. VIEW TO WEST - High Line Canal, Mouth of South Platte River to confluence with Second Creek, Denver, Denver County, CO

  5. 8. Beginning of the Penstock pipe east of the Forebay. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Beginning of the Penstock pipe east of the Forebay. View is looking approximately east. Poles once carried power lines west from the powerhouse. - Rock Creek Hydroelectric Project, Rock Creek, Baker County, OR

  6. Data System Users Working Group meeting report

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Green, James L.; Zwickl, Ron D.

    Nearly 40 scientists, space physics data system managers, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters personnel who are members of the Data System Users Working Group (DSUWG) met at the National Space Science Data Center (NSSDC) on July 18 and 19, 1985. The main topic of the meeting was discussion on the use of the Space Physics Analysis Network (SPAN) for the rendezvous of the International Cometary Explorer (ICE) spacecraft with Comet Giacobini-Zinner. Ron Zwickl, from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL, Los Alamos, N.M.), explained the procedures to be used for the transfer of near real-time ICE data from Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC, Greenbelt, Md.), to remote investigator facilities at LANL, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory QPL, Pasadena, Calif.), University of Iowa (Iowa City), TRW (Redondo Beach, Calif.), and back to NSSDC. These procedures were successfully tested in an encounter rehearsal 2 days before the DSUWG meeting. James Green of NSSDC explained how the newly developed SPAN-to-Europe gateway would be used to support a European science analysis team at European Space Technology Center (ESTEC, Noordwijk, the Netherlands). Successful testing of ICE data transfer to Europe occurred just the day before the DSUWG meeting.

  7. Canadian Distance Educators Meeting (Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, July 8-9, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver (British Columbia).

    The Commonwealth of Learning (COL), in cooperation with Laurentian University, convened a 2-day meeting of some 30 Canadian educators to ascertain through discussion and dialogue how best and to what purposes COL might cooperate with institutions and associations involved in distance education in Canada. This report summarizes six presentations…

  8. Canadian Distance Educators Meeting (Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, July 8-9, 1991).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commonwealth of Learning, Vancouver (British Columbia).

    The Commonwealth of Learning (COL), in cooperation with Laurentian University, convened a 2-day meeting of some 30 Canadian educators to ascertain through discussion and dialogue how best and to what purposes COL might cooperate with institutions and associations involved in distance education in Canada. This report summarizes six presentations…

  9. EDITORIAL: Nano Meets Spectroscopy Nano Meets Spectroscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Birch, David J. S.

    2012-08-01

    The multidisciplinary two-day Nano Meets Spectroscopy (NMS) event was held at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), Teddington, UK, in September 2011. The event was planned from the outset to be at the interface of several areas—in particular, spectroscopy and nanoscience, and to bring together topics and people with different approaches to achieving common goals in biomolecular science. Hence the meeting cut across traditional boundaries and brought together researchers using diverse techniques, particularly fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy. Despite engaging common problems, these techniques are frequently seen as mutually exclusive with the two communities rarely interacting at conferences. The meeting was widely seen to have lived up to its billing in good measure. It attracted the maximum capacity of ~120 participants, including 22 distinguished speakers (9 from outside the UK), over 50 posters and a vibrant corporate exhibition comprising 10 leading instrument companies and IOP Publishing. The organizers were Professor David Birch (Chair), Dr Karen Faulds and Professor Duncan Graham of the University of Strathclyde, Professor Cait MacPhee of the University of Edinburgh and Dr Alex Knight of NPL. The event was sponsored by the European Science Foundation, the Institute of Physics, the Royal Society of Chemistry, NPL and the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance. The full programme and abstracts are available at http://sensor.phys.strath.ac.uk/nms/program.php. The programme was quite ambitious in terms of the breadth and depth of scope. The interdisciplinary and synergistic concept of 'X meets Y' played well, cross-fertilization between different fields often being a source of inspiration and progress. Fluorescence and Raman spectroscopy provided the core, but the meeting had little repetition and also attracted contributions on more specialist techniques such as CARS, super-resolution, single molecule and chiral methods. In terms of application the

  10. Exploring Undergraduate Gender Differences in Anxiety about Meeting Their Assigned Therapist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blau, Gary; DiMino, John; DeMaria, Peter A., Jr.; Beverly, Clyde; Chessler, Marcy

    2016-01-01

    An online survey sample of 166 non-urgent undergraduates, N = 47 (male) and N = 119 (female) waiting to begin counseling after triage found that females had significantly higher anxiety about meeting their assigned (intake) therapist than males. This gender difference of females being higher in counselor meeting anxiety could not be accounted for…

  11. 77 FR 77073 - York Haven Power Company, LLC; Notice of Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-31

    ... purpose of the meeting is to discuss the required supporting design report, as well as potential studies... York Haven Hydroelectric Project No. 1888. The meeting will begin at 10 a.m. at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission headquarters building located at 888 First Street NE., Washington, DC. For...

  12. 76 FR 33297 - Consumer Advisory Council; Notice of Meeting of the Consumer Advisory Council

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-08

    ... sponsors of asset-backed securities to retain at least 5 percent of the credit risk of the assets... the Martin Building. For security purposes, anyone planning to attend the meeting should register no... should allow sufficient time for security processing. The meeting will begin at 9 a.m. and is expected to...

  13. 78 FR 13399 - Open Meeting of the Federal Advisory Committee on Insurance

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ..., 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC, 20220, beginning at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. The meeting... Insurance meeting will be held in the Room 4125, 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20220. The... ] copying in the Department of the Treasury's Library, 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW., Washington, DC 20220...

  14. 76 FR 38684 - Notice of Public Meeting for Proposed Withdrawal Extension; Colorado

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-01

    ... held at the Sangre De Cristo Arts and Conference Center, 210 N. Santa Fe Ave., Pueblo, Colorado. FOR... public meeting on August 2, 2011, in Pueblo, Colorado. The meeting will begin at 6 p.m. and adjourn at... and minerals are in El Paso, Pueblo, Fremont, and Las Animas counties, Colorado. The extension, if...

  15. 78 FR 13377 - Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-27

    ... National Park Service Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given in accordance... Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board will be held beginning at 1:00 p.m. on April...

  16. 76 FR 15338 - Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-21

    ... National Park Service Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board Meeting AGENCY: National Park Service, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Meeting. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given in accordance... Park System Advisory Board will be held beginning at 1 p.m. on May 24, 2011, at the following location...

  17. 77 FR 65905 - Notice of Public Meeting of the Carrizo Plain National Monument Advisory Council

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    .... Timothy Z. Smith, Field Manager, Bakersfield Field Office. BILLING CODE 4310-40-P ..., the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Carrizo Plain National Monument... Lake Road on Highway 58. The meeting will begin at 10:00 a.m. and finish at 2:00 p.m. The meeting...

  18. 78 FR 14980 - Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-08

    ... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration RIN 0648-XC540 Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council... Administration (NOAA), Commerce. ACTION: Notice of public meetings. SUMMARY: The Gulf of Mexico Fishery... throughout the Gulf of Mexico. The scoping meetings will begin at 6 p.m. and will conclude no later than 9 p...

  19. 77 FR 43598 - First Meeting of the Advisory Committee for the 2015 World Radiocommunication Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-25

    ... COMMISSION First Meeting of the Advisory Committee for the 2015 World Radiocommunication Conference AGENCY... meeting is to begin preparations for the 2015 World Radiocommunication Conference. DATES: August 9, 2012...-7501. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: As it initiates preparations for the next World Radiocommunication...

  20. Exploring Undergraduate Gender Differences in Anxiety about Meeting Their Assigned Therapist

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blau, Gary; DiMino, John; DeMaria, Peter A., Jr.; Beverly, Clyde; Chessler, Marcy

    2016-01-01

    An online survey sample of 166 non-urgent undergraduates, N = 47 (male) and N = 119 (female) waiting to begin counseling after triage found that females had significantly higher anxiety about meeting their assigned (intake) therapist than males. This gender difference of females being higher in counselor meeting anxiety could not be accounted for…

  1. 76 FR 1613 - Notice of Change in Time of Commission Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Change in Time of Commission Meeting January 4, 2011. The Commission's open meeting scheduled for Thursday, January 20, 2011, will begin at 9 a.m. Kimberly D. Bose...

  2. 75 FR 10255 - FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel; Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ... Scientific Advisory Panel (FIFRA SAP) to consider and review a set of scientific issues related to the Re... Drinking Water Monitoring Frequency. DATES: The meeting will be held on April 26-29, 2010, and will begin... issues for this meeting. Nominees should be identified by name, occupation, position, address,...

  3. 77 FR 26576 - Notice of Public Meeting of the Central California Resource Advisory Council

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ... Memorial Hall, 100 Sinclair St., Bridgeport, beginning at 8 a.m., followed by a field trip that afternoon to BLM lands in the Bodie Hills area. Members of the public are welcome to attend the field trip and meeting. Field trip participants must provide their own transportation and lunch. On May 19, the meeting...

  4. 75 FR 62531 - Georgia Power Company; Notice of Meeting and Environmental Site Review

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ... Company (the applicant), will hold a meeting and an Environmental Site Review for the Bartletts Ferry... roles in the Bartletts Ferry relicensing proceeding to project facilities and the approved study plans. The meeting for the Bartletts Ferry Project will begin at 9 a.m. EST (8 a.m. Central) at the Bartletts...

  5. 75 FR 56509 - Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council (MAFMC); Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-16

    ... Council's (MAFMC) Squid, Mackerel, and Butterfish Committee will hold a public meeting. DATES: Wednesday...-5255. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The purpose of this Squid, Mackerel, and Butterfish Committee meeting is to begin the development of Amendment 14 to the Atlantic Mackerel, Squid, and Butterfish...

  6. 78 FR 41832 - Open Meeting of the Financial Research Advisory Committee

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-11

    ... Thursday, August 1, 2013 in the Hearing Room, Securities and Exchange Commission, 3 World Financial Center, New York, NY 10281, beginning at 9:45 a.m. Eastern Time. The meeting will be open to the public via... meeting will be held in the Hearing Room, Securities and Exchange Commission, 3 World Financial Center...

  7. Holding Effective Board Meetings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, Arlington, VA.

    Advice and tested methods for management of meetings from superintendents and board members are combined in this reference book on conducting effective school board meetings. Intended for a wide readership, it contains three chapters and an exhibit section comprising over one-third of the document. Following a brief introduction, chapter 1,…

  8. RAS Ordinary Meetings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2014-02-01

    At the October 2013 meeting the President presented the Gold Medal to Prof. Chris Chapman, the Eddington Medal to Prof. James Binney, and Winton Capital Award to Dr Katherine Joy. Prof. Bob White gave the Harold Jeffreys Lecture on "Building the dynamic crust of Iceland by rifting and volcanism". At the November meeting, Prof. Eline Tolstoy gave the George Darwin Lecture on "Galactic palaeontology".

  9. Meeting Making Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, G. Rogers

    Resources for planning adult education events are provided in this manual. Four major sections, with subdivisions, are presented: (1) Pre-meeting Preparation (the planning committee, goals and objectives, facilities and equipment, and leadership); (2) The Meeting (orientation and opening, working toward the objectives, people factors, and…

  10. 78 FR 38009 - Meetings

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-25

    ... ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE BOARD Meetings AGENCY: Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Architectural and... on Frontier Issues 4:30-5:00--Ad Hoc Committee on Accessible Design in Education Wednesday, July 10...

  11. Postoperative initial 2-day blood pressure management facilitates the shrinkage of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aneurysm repair by reducing the incidence of type II endoleak.

    PubMed

    Miura, Shuhei; Kurimoto, Yoshihiko; Ujihira, Kosuke; Iba, Yutaka; Maruyama, Ryushi; Yamada, Akira; Nojima, Masanori; Nakanishi, Katsuhiko

    2017-08-11

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of initial 2-day blood pressure management (BPM) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the incidence of subsequent type II endoleak (T2E) and shrinkage of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac diameter. We reviewed 136 patients who underwent EVAR for atherosclerotic AAA between July 2008 and July 2014 with one of three stent grafts (Excluder [W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz], Powerlink [Endologix Inc, Irvine, Calif], and Endurant [Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif]). Starting from 2013, the mean blood pressure of 76 participating patients (treatment group) was maintained at 75 to 90 mm Hg for the initial 48 hours after EVAR. The incidence of T2E at 7 days and AAA sac diameter 12 months after EVAR were evaluated using computed tomography scanning. The results so obtained were then compared with those of the control group composed of 60 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR before 2013. The incidence of T2E at 7 days was significantly lower in patients who received treatment (treatment group, 19.7%; control group, 40.0%; P = .013), and AAA sac diameter at 12 months in the treatment group had a mean decrease of 5.1 mm compared with the mean 2.2 mm in the control group (P = .004). In multivariate regression analysis, BPM was significantly related to the reduction of incidence of T2E at 7 days (odds ratio, 0.31; P = .007) and a decrease in AAA sac diameter at 12 months (P = .005). In addition, although the use of Endurant had less effect, the use of Excluder under controlled blood pressure conditions improved the incidence of T2E from 80% to 23% compared with those under normal postoperative management (P = .001). The initial 2-day postoperative BPM might have positive effects, such as lower incidence of T2E and facilitation of AAA sac shrinkage. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Time to begin adjuvant chemotherapy and survival in breast cancer patients: a retrospective observational study using latent class analysis.

    PubMed

    Downing, Amy; Twelves, Christopher; Forman, David; Lawrence, Gill; Gilthorpe, Mark S

    2014-01-01

    The analysis of time to treatment data and the evaluation of subsequent effects on health outcomes can be complex due to the nature of the data and the relationships amongst the variables. This study proposes an alternative method of analyzing such data using latent class analysis (LCA). The association between time to begin adjuvant chemotherapy after breast cancer surgery and survival was investigated using both "traditional" regression analysis and LCA. Women with breast cancer undergoing surgery and subsequent adjuvant chemotherapy in two English regions between January 01, 1998 and December 31, 2004 were identified from a linked cancer registry-Hospital Episode Statistics dataset (n = 10,366). Patient, tumor, and treatment information were extracted. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze 5-year survival using regression analysis and LCA. Using "traditional" regression analysis, women beginning chemotherapy >10 weeks after surgery had worse survival in region 1 (HR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.13-1.95 compared to <3 weeks) but not region 2. LCA split the women into three groups representing short, medium, and long waits. The median time to begin chemotherapy in the "long" wait group was 70 (region 1) and 57 (region 2) days. In this group, increased time to begin chemotherapy was associated with worse survival (region 1 HR = 1.15, 95% CI 1.11-1.18; region 2 HR = 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13 per week increase). LCA identified a group of 13-15% of women for whom a longer time to begin chemotherapy had an adverse effect on survival. This methodology provides an excellent framework in which to examine complex associations between the delivery of patient care and patient outcomes. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  13. Chilean Teachers Begin Exchange Program Visit in Magdalena

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-01-01

    Two teachers from the town of San Pedro de Atacama, in the northern desert of the South American nation of Chile, arrive in Magdalena, New Mexico, Sunday, January 28, for a two-week visit that is part of a Sister Cities program sponsored by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), the nonprofit research corporation that operates the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). They will be accompanied by their town's mayor. Myriam Nancy Rivera Mercado, Head of the high school in San Pedro, Gabriela Fernanda Rodriguez Moraleda, a tourism teacher there, and San Pedro Mayor Sandra Berna Martinez will begin a visit that includes classroom observations in the Magdalena schools, a reception hosted by the Magdalena Village Council, and a Mayor's Breakfast with Magdalena Mayor Jim Wolfe. They also will meet local residents, tour the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge with a second-grade class, visit an area ranch, tour the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope, and see Socorro's Community Arts Party. "These teachers will learn much about New Mexico, the United States, and our educational system, and will take this new knowledge back to their students and their community," said NRAO Education Officer Robyn Harrison. The visit is part of a Sister Cities program initiated and funded by AUI, which operates the NRAO for the U.S. National Science Foundation. Radio astronomy is a common link between San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena. San Pedro is near the site of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international telescope project now under construction with funding by major partners in North America, Europe, and Japan. Magdalena is near the site of NRAO's VLA radio telescope. In Magdalena, the Village Council and Mayor Wolfe formalized their participation in the Sister Cities program last September, and San Pedro ratified the program in December. In San Pedro, the ceremony ratifying the agreement was attended by U.S. Ambassador to Chile Craig K

  14. 76 FR 59454 - Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of Public Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-26

    ... Sunshine Act Meeting; Notice of Public Meeting Notice is hereby given that the Railroad Retirement Board will hold a meeting on October 6, 2011, 10 a.m. at the Board's meeting room on the 8th floor of its headquarters building, 844 North Rush Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60611. The agenda for this meeting follows...

  15. Juvenile Hormone Enhances Aversive Learning Performance in 2-Day Old Worker Honey Bees while Reducing Their Attraction to Queen Mandibular Pheromone

    PubMed Central

    McQuillan, H. James; Nakagawa, Shinichi; Mercer, Alison R.

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that exposing young worker bees (Apis mellifera) to queen mandibular pheromone (QMP) reduces their aversive learning performance, while enhancing their attraction to QMP. As QMP has been found to reduce the rate of juvenile hormone (JH) synthesis in worker bees, we examined whether aversive learning in 2-day old workers exposed to QMP from the time of adult emergence could be improved by injecting JH (10 µg in a 2 µl volume) into the haemolymph. We examined in addition, the effects of JH treatment on worker attraction to QMP, and on the levels of expression of amine receptor genes in the antennae, as well as in the mushroom bodies of the brain. We found that memory acquisition and 1-hour memory recall were enhanced by JH. In contrast, JH treatment reduced the bees’ attraction towards a synthetic strip impregnated with QMP (Bee Boost). Levels of expression of the dopamine receptor gene Amdop1 were significantly lower in the mushroom bodies of JH-treated bees than in bees treated with vehicle alone (acetone diluted with bee ringer). Expression of the octopamine receptor gene, Amoa1, in this brain region was also affected by JH treatment, and in the antennae, Amoa1 transcript levels were significantly lower in JH-treated bees compared to controls. The results of this study suggest that QMP’s effects on JH synthesis may contribute to reducing aversive learning performance and enhancing attraction to QMP in young worker bees. PMID:25390885

  16. EnviroAtlas - Average Direct Normal Solar resources kWh/m2/Day by 12-Digit HUC for the Conterminous United States

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    The annual average direct normal solar resources by 12-Digit Hydrologic Unit (HUC) was estimated from maps produced by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy (February 2009). The original data was from 10km, satellite modeled dataset (SUNY/NREL, 2007) representing data from 1998-2005. The 10km data was converted to 30m grid cells, and then zonal statistics were estimated for a final value of average kWh/m2/day for each 12-digit HUC. For more information about the original dataset please refer to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) website at www.nrel.gov/gis/data_solar.html. This dataset was produced by the US EPA to support research and online mapping activities related to EnviroAtlas. EnviroAtlas (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas) allows the user to interact with a web-based, easy-to-use, mapping application to view and analyze multiple ecosystem services for the contiguous United States. The dataset is available as downloadable data (https://edg.epa.gov/data/Public/ORD/EnviroAtlas) or as an EnviroAtlas map service. Additional descriptive information about each attribute in this dataset can be found in its associated EnviroAtlas Fact Sheet (https://www.epa.gov/enviroatlas/enviroatlas-fact-sheets).

  17. Emotion-Focused Family Therapy for Eating Disorders Across the Lifespan: A Pilot Study of a 2-Day Transdiagnostic Intervention for Parents.

    PubMed

    Lafrance Robinson, Adèle; Dolhanty, Joanne; Stillar, Amanda; Henderson, Katherine; Mayman, Shari

    2016-01-01

    Emotion-focused family therapy is a transdiagnostic approach that affords parents and caregivers a significant role in their loved one's recovery from an eating disorder. A 2-day intervention was developed on the basis of emotion-focused family therapy principles and delivered to 33 parents of adolescent and adult children. Data were collected pre- and post-intervention. Through education and skills practice, parents were taught strategies with respect to meal support and symptom interruption as well as emotion coaching. Parents were also supported to identify and work through their own emotional blocks that could interfere with their supportive efforts. Analyses revealed a significant increase in parental self-efficacy, a positive shift in parents' attitudes regarding their role as emotion coach and a reduction in the fears associated with their involvement in treatment, including a decrease in self-blame. Overall, this broad-based, low-cost intervention shows promise, and future research is warranted. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. A low-cost, intensive emotion-focused family therapy intervention shows promise for parents of individuals with an eating disorder, regardless of their loved one's age, symptom profile or involvement in treatment. Working with parents' emotions and emotional reactions to their child's struggles has the potential to improve supportive efforts. An emotion-focused family therapy intervention for parents yields high satisfaction rates, improves parental self-efficacy and reduces fears regarding their involvement, including self-blame. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  18. Juvenile hormone enhances aversive learning performance in 2-day old worker honey bees while reducing their attraction to queen mandibular pheromone.

    PubMed

    McQuillan, H James; Nakagawa, Shinichi; Mercer, Alison R

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that exposing young worker bees (Apis mellifera) to queen mandibular pheromone (QMP) reduces their aversive learning performance, while enhancing their attraction to QMP. As QMP has been found to reduce the rate of juvenile hormone (JH) synthesis in worker bees, we examined whether aversive learning in 2-day old workers exposed to QMP from the time of adult emergence could be improved by injecting JH (10 µg in a 2 µl volume) into the haemolymph. We examined in addition, the effects of JH treatment on worker attraction to QMP, and on the levels of expression of amine receptor genes in the antennae, as well as in the mushroom bodies of the brain. We found that memory acquisition and 1-hour memory recall were enhanced by JH. In contrast, JH treatment reduced the bees' attraction towards a synthetic strip impregnated with QMP (Bee Boost). Levels of expression of the dopamine receptor gene Amdop1 were significantly lower in the mushroom bodies of JH-treated bees than in bees treated with vehicle alone (acetone diluted with bee ringer). Expression of the octopamine receptor gene, Amoa1, in this brain region was also affected by JH treatment, and in the antennae, Amoa1 transcript levels were significantly lower in JH-treated bees compared to controls. The results of this study suggest that QMP's effects on JH synthesis may contribute to reducing aversive learning performance and enhancing attraction to QMP in young worker bees.

  19. 78 FR 24762 - National Toxicology Program Board of Scientific Counselors; Announcement of Meeting; Request for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-26

    ...://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/165 . DATES: Meeting: June 25, 2013, beginning at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time.../go/165 . It is not necessary to preregister for the meeting to view the webcast. Webcast: A link to..., will be posted on the BSC meeting Web site ( http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/go/165 ) or may be requested in...

  20. Meeting Report: Ordinary Meeting and Exhibition Meeting, 2006 June 24

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    McGee, H.; Mobberley, M.

    2007-06-01

    Prior to the Ordinary Meeting, the annual Exhibition was opened by Richard Miles, President, who said he was pleased to report that all but two of the Sections had display stands this year, and that most of the Directors had also been able to attend and were available for members who wished to discuss their work. Although we had almost a full day of talks to enjoy, members should not be shy of coming and going from the lecture theatre at will, and in particular must make sure they took sufficient time to do justice to the excellent Exhibition on offer.

  1. Managing Meetings...Remotely

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Woodward, Hugh

    2005-01-01

    Remote meetings are best for updates and information sharing, but it is possible to effectively facilitate decisions with a little planning. Generally, the meeting leader needs to clearly state the proposed decision and then separately poll each participant for concurrence. Normally, there will be a range of responses, requiring the facilitator to restate the proposal and repeat the process. Several iterations may be required before a consensus is achieved. I usually confirm decisions by restating the conclusion as it will appear in the meeting notes and asking the participants to express any objections. Gaining commitment to follow-up actions is never easy, of course, but tends to be particularly tricky in remote meetings. The ideal solution is to use collaboration software with a whiteboard as a means of recording the follow-up actions and responsibilities. (A Word or Excel document viewed through NetMeeting works equally well.) But if the meeting is being conducted without collaboration software, the leader must review each follow-up action explicitly, even painstakingly. I generally note follow-up actions throughout the meeting and use the last few minutes to confirm and finalize. I read each action and name the person I think owns the responsibility. When the person accepts, I validate by asking for a completion date. All the normal rules for assigning follow-up actions apply, of course. One, and only one, person must be responsible for each action, and assigning an action to somebody not present is akin to assigning it to nobody.

  2. The beginning of personhood: a Thomistic biological analysis.

    PubMed

    Eberl, J T

    2000-04-01

    'When did I, a human person, begin to exist?' In developing an answer to this question, I utilize a Thomistic framework, which holds that the human person is a composite of a biological organism and an intellective soul. Eric Olson and Norman Ford both argue that beginning of an individual human biological organism occurs at the moment when implantation of the zygote in the uterus occurs and the 'primitive streak' begins to form. Prior to this point, there does not exist an individual human organism, but a cluster of biological cells which has the potential to split and develop as one or more separate human organisms (identical twinning). Ensoulment (the instantiation of a human intellective soul in biological matter) does not occur until the point of implantation. This conception of the beginning of human personhood has moral implications concerning the status of pre-implantation biological cell clusters. A new understanding of the beginning of human personhood entails a new understanding of the morality of certain medical procedures which have a direct affect on these cell clusters which contain human DNA. Such procedures discussed in this article are embryonic stem cell research, in vitro fertilization, procured abortion, and the use of abortifacient contraceptives.

  3. I to We = 3: "Good Management Begins with Good People"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vicars, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    A common refrain among directors goes something like this: "I have to get that food order in now." "I have to meet with Mrs. Miller about her bill." "I have to meet with the pre-k teachers today." "I have to get those marketing packets out today." Is it any wonder that so many directors are stressed out and tired? Many people have a tendency to…

  4. I to We = 3: "Good Management Begins with Good People"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vicars, Dennis

    2011-01-01

    A common refrain among directors goes something like this: "I have to get that food order in now." "I have to meet with Mrs. Miller about her bill." "I have to meet with the pre-k teachers today." "I have to get those marketing packets out today." Is it any wonder that so many directors are stressed out and tired? Many people have a tendency to…

  5. Healthy Birth Practice #1: Let Labor Begin on Its Own

    PubMed Central

    Amis, Debby

    2014-01-01

    As cesarean rates have climbed to almost one-third of all births in the United States, current research and professional organizations have identified letting labor begin on its own as one of the most important strategies for reducing the primary cesarean rate. At least equally important, letting labor begin on its own supports normal physiology, prevents iatrogenic prematurity, and prevents the cascade of interventions caused by labor induction. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the “Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #1: Let Labor Begin on Its Own,” published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007. PMID:25411537

  6. Energy expenditure during 2-day trail walking in the mountains (2,857 m) and the effects of amino acid supplementation in older men and women.

    PubMed

    Shimizu, Muneshige; Miyagawa, Ken; Iwashita, Soh; Noda, Tsuneyuki; Hamada, Koichiro; Genno, Hirokazu; Nose, Hiroshi

    2012-03-01

    We compared relative exercise intensity and active energy expenditure (AEE) on trail walking in the mountains, with those of daily exercise training, and whether branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) and arginine supplementation attenuated the release of markers indicating muscle damage and declines in physical performance. Twenty-one subjects (~63 years) were divided into two groups: amino acid (AA, 51 g of amino acids and 40 g of carbohydrate, male/female = 6/4) or placebo (PL, 91 g of carbohydrate, male/female = 6/5) supplementation during 2 days of trail walking in the mountains. We measured heart rate (HR), AEE, fatigue sensation, water and food intake, and sweat loss during walking. In addition, we measured peak aerobic capacity [Formula: see text] and heart rate (HR(peak)) with graded-intensity walking, vertical jumping height (VJ) before and after walking. We found that average HR and AEE during uphill walking were ~100% HR(peak) and ~60% [Formula: see text], while they were ~80 and ~20% during downhill walking, respectively. Moreover, average total AEE per day was sevenfold that of their daily walking training. VJ after walking remained unchanged compared with the baseline in AA (P > 0.2), while it was reduced by ~10% in PL (P < 0.01), although with no significant difference in the reduction between the groups (P > 0.4). The responses of other variables were not significantly different between groups (all, P > 0.2). Thus, trail walking in the mountains required a high-intensity effort for older people, while the effects of BCAA and arginine supplementation were modest in this condition.

  7. [Respiratory stridency by larynx paralysis. Anusual beginning of miastenia].

    PubMed

    Padilla Parrado, M; Morales Puebla, J M; Díaz Sastre, M A; Caro García, M A; Cabeza Alvarez, C I; Velázquez Pérez, J M; Menéndez Loras, L M

    2006-01-01

    A case of severe miastenia beginning with dyspnea, secondary to a bilateral larynx paralysis in aduction is presented. During the evolution of the severe miastenia the affectation of the larynx musculature does not result infrequent, but however, after having realized a bibliographic revision, the infrequency resulting in this disease of the beginning through a bilateral larynx paralysis in aduction was verified. A wide exposition of the clinic case, methods of exploration to obtain the diagnosis of severe miastenia, and the different treatment options actually in use to control these disease, are realized.

  8. Unexpected Advice for Beginning Graduate Students in Astrophysics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Linsky, Jeffrey L.

    2012-08-01

    My experience is that beginning graduate students in astrophysics have unrealistic views of how to negotiate the complexities of graduate school and to prepare themselves for a professional career in astrophysics or some other field. This chapter describes my unexpected advice to students beginning with why they should not plan to write a thesis. Other advice concerns how to find and work with a research supervisor, writing and other skills needed for their research, and the need to be creative and when necessary controversial.

  9. The beginning of human life and its modern scientific assessment.

    PubMed

    Kurjak, A

    2003-03-01

    One of the most controversial topics in modern bioethics, science, and philosophy is the beginning of individual human life. In the seemingly endless debate, strongly stimulated, by recent technologic advances in human reproduction, a synthesis between scientific data and hypothesis, philosophical thought, and issues of humanities has become a necessity to deal with ethical, juridical, and social problems. Furthermore, in this field there is a temptation to ask science to choose between opinions and beliefs, which neutralize one another. The question of when human life begins requires the essential aid of different forms of knowledge. Here we become involved in the juncture between science and religion, which needs to be carefully explored.

  10. Professors and Industry Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheriff, Robert E.

    1974-01-01

    Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

  11. Pacific Northwest AGU Meeting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engebretson, David C.; Beck, Myrl E., Jr.

    1984-04-01

    The 30th AGU Pacific Northwest Regional Meeting was held September 29 to October 1, 1983, on the campus of Western Washington University, Bellingham, Wash. Approximately 125 attended the meeting, and 36 papers were presented. The meeting included two fields trips, five special symposia, and a banquet where keynote speaker Don Swanson presented “Dome building on Mt. St. Helens.”The meeting highlights included a symposium on Tertiary sedimentary basins of Washington and Oregon which revealed the importance of sedimentological studies for deciphering the timing and nature of accretionary processes in tectonically active areas. Geological and geophysical studies on the recent tectonics of the Juan de Fuca plate and nearby continent were presented by workers from the United States and Canada as well as ongoing studies for the evolution and character of the crystalline North Cascades of Washington and British Columbia.

  12. Professors and Industry Meet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheriff, Robert E.

    1974-01-01

    Describes backgrounds of geophysics graduates that are desired for employment by industry. Also listed are areas in which industry could help universities concerning the development of programs to meet the future manpower needs in industry. (BR)

  13. Water System Partnerships Meeting

    EPA Pesticide Factsheets

    Flyer, agenda and background document for January 31, 2017 meeting focused on incentives and drivers to support water system partnership development, funding and finance options for partnerships, and outreach and education.

  14. Sedimentation-related meetings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    The sedimentation committee would like to provide information on several meetings that took place in October 1983.The second annual meeting of the American Geomorphological Field Group was organized by S. Wells and T. Gardner and held in Chaco Canyon, N. Mex., October 7-10. Field excursions included visits to instrumented watersheds in badland areas, examination of the Quaternary history of Chaco Canyon, and investigation of fluvial problems associated with uranium mine tailings disposal and coal reclamation.

  15. IAVCEI meets at IUGG

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heiken, Grant

    Although distant from erupting volcanos, the Vienna meeting of the International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior attracted about 100 volcanologists with promise of technical exchange, music, and good food. In all fairness, turnout was small due to the highly successful IAVCEI meetings held in the last 2 years at Santa Fe, N.Mex., and Mainz, Germany, and the excellent meeting held the following week in Naples, Italy, in honor of the 150th anniversary of the Vesuvius Observatory. IAVCEI met during the 20th General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics held in August. For IAVCEI, the most important discussions held during the Vienna meeting concerned the association's future with the IUGG. Over the last 10 years, there has been great excitement and a burgeoning attendance at IAVCEI meetings but poor attendance at IUGG general assemblies. Many volcanologists perceive IUGG as an indifferent bureaucracy with little concern for IAVCEI. On this basis, members of IAVCEI proposed that their association become independent. However, the decision has been made to stay with IUGG because of the potential for interdisciplinary meetings with other associations.

  16. Beginning Reading In ECE and the Bilingual Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Rosemary

    A rationale for teaching beginning reading from a learning theory perspective that is compatible with Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development is presented in this paper. The model offered is based on a linguistic analysis and on current research. The logical thinking skills characteristic of each stage of development proposed by Piagetian…

  17. An Individual Appraisal and Prescription for the Beginning Jogger.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Myron W.; VanWoerkom, Carol L.

    1981-01-01

    The Cardiovascular Appraisal and Prescription Program is designed to provide safe initiating procedures for the beginning jogger. By using this procedure, the participant learns how to pace the amount of jogging according to the present level of fitness. A self-administered stress monitor worksheet and a sample exercise workout are included. (JN)

  18. Phau Xyaum Nyeem Zaj Lus = Beginning Hmong Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiong, Ge

    A collection of lessons for beginning reading instruction in Hmong includes 22 lessons on (1) natural resources (soil, water, rock and stone, trees, non-flowering fruit trees, and flowering fruit trees); (2) Hmong agricultural practices (planting vegetable gardens, choosing seeds, seed development, corn, cuttings, and spreading and standing…

  19. Literacy's Beginnings: Supporting Young Readers and Writers. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGee, Lea M.; Richgels, Donald J.

    This book is intended to help preservice and inservice teachers, parents, and other caregivers of young children to be aware of and supportive of children's literacy knowledge as it grows and changes in the years from birth through early elementary school. It provides a guide to the long continuum of literacy growth, from the very beginning years,…

  20. Promoting Skilled Problem-Solving Behavior among Beginning Physics Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mestre, Jose P.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Beginning physics students (n=42) were constrained to analyze mechanics problems according to a hierarchical scheme that integrated concepts, principles, and procedures. After five one-hour sessions, students increased their reliance on the use of principles in categorizing problems according to similarity of solution and in writing qualitative…

  1. Beginning Teachers' and Mentors' Perceptions of Effective Mentoring Programs (Draft).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganser, Tom

    This study was conducted to examine perceptions of effective mentoring by both beginning and experienced teachers. Fourteen mentors and 15 beginners agreed to participate. Tape recorded interviews were conducted with each individual; questions related to: (1) the mentor's prior experience and the beginner's teacher preparation; (2) specific…

  2. Understanding the Limit Concept: Beginning with a Coordinated Process Scheme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cottrill, Jim; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Begins with a description of the research paradigm and the theoretical perspective. The following two sections are a consideration of some points from the literature and a description of the evolution of a genetic decomposition of the limit concept. Concludes with some suggestions for instruction that relate to how the limit concept can be…

  3. Curriculum-Based Measurement for Beginning Writers (K-2)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dombek, Jennifer L.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie

    2016-01-01

    Assessment and instruction of reading tend to dominate current discussions of early literacy. Shifting the focus to writing, this article addresses the assessment of writing for students in kindergarten through second grade. Using curriculum-based measurement of written expression for beginning writers, teachers can measure growth of smaller…

  4. 34 CFR 263.9 - When does payback begin?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION INDIAN EDUCATION DISCRETIONARY GRANT PROGRAMS Professional Development Program § 263... Professional Development program, payback shall begin within six months from the date of completion of the training. (b) For participants who do not complete their training under the Professional Development...

  5. Addressing the Mathematics-Specific Needs of Beginning Mathematics Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Britton, Edward

    2012-01-01

    Beginning mathematics teachers at the secondary level (middle and high school grades) have mathematics-specific needs that induction programs should address more substantially. However, a number of issues in how programs can accomplish this are more complex than often framed in discussions occurring in the induction programs and the field of…

  6. 50. View of waveguides beginning to move toward two radar ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    50. View of waveguides beginning to move toward two radar scanner switches (two per radar scanner building) by vertical bends; also tuning devices are located here. - Clear Air Force Station, Ballistic Missile Early Warning System Site II, One mile west of mile marker 293.5 on Parks Highway, 5 miles southwest of Anderson, Anderson, Denali Borough, AK

  7. Effective Classroom Management at the Beginning of the School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The major goals of the project reported here were to learn how teachers who are effective managers handle beginning-of-the-year activities and to determine what basic principles of management underlie their teaching. Twenty-seven third-grade teachers in eight elementary schools served as subjects. (MP)

  8. Effective Classroom Management at the Beginning of the School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The major goals of the project reported here were to learn how teachers who are effective managers handle beginning-of-the-year activities and to determine what basic principles of management underlie their teaching. Twenty-seven third-grade teachers in eight elementary schools served as subjects. (MP)

  9. Nuevos Destinos: A CD-ROM for Advanced Beginning Spanish.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blake, Robert J.

    1999-01-01

    Provides a description of the Nuevos Destinos CD-ROM, a joint production for students learning Spanish at the advanced-beginning, intermediate-low, or native-speaker level. Nuevos Destinos involves students in meaningful ways by asking them to solve real-world problems encountered in law offices. (Author/VWL)

  10. Literacy- and Beginning-Level Texts for English Language Learners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education, Washington, DC.

    This document lists books commonly used with literacy and beginning level adult English language learners. Most titles include brief comments about the book's content, aims, and lay-out. The list is grouped by publisher. (Adjunct ERIC Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education) (Author/VWL)

  11. 42 CFR 407.25 - Beginning of entitlement: Individual enrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... enrolls during the fourth month of the initial enrollment period, entitlement begins with the following... in April. The initial enrollment period is January through July. The month in which the individual... April 1. March April 1. April May 1 (month following month of enrollment). May July 1 (second month...

  12. 42 CFR 407.25 - Beginning of entitlement: Individual enrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... enrolls during the fourth month of the initial enrollment period, entitlement begins with the following... in April. The initial enrollment period is January through July. The month in which the individual... April 1. March April 1. April May 1 (month following month of enrollment). May July 1 (second month...

  13. 42 CFR 407.25 - Beginning of entitlement: Individual enrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... enrolls during the fourth month of the initial enrollment period, entitlement begins with the following... in April. The initial enrollment period is January through July. The month in which the individual... April 1. March April 1. April May 1 (month following month of enrollment). May July 1 (second month...

  14. 42 CFR 407.25 - Beginning of entitlement: Individual enrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... enrolls during the fourth month of the initial enrollment period, entitlement begins with the following... in April. The initial enrollment period is January through July. The month in which the individual... April 1. March April 1. April May 1 (month following month of enrollment). May July 1 (second month...

  15. 42 CFR 407.25 - Beginning of entitlement: Individual enrollment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... enrolls during the fourth month of the initial enrollment period, entitlement begins with the following... in April. The initial enrollment period is January through July. The month in which the individual... April 1. March April 1. April May 1 (month following month of enrollment). May July 1 (second month...

  16. Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2011-01-01

    As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

  17. Participatory Data Collection Technique for Capturing Beginning Farmer Program Outcomes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eschbach, Cheryl L.; Sirrine, J. R.; Lizotte, Erin; Rothwell, N. L.

    2016-01-01

    This article describes an innovative evaluation plan we employed to capture outcomes of a multiyear beginning farmer program and, specifically, highlights the facilitation technique we used to document short-term and intermediate goals of the program that matched U.S. Department of Agriculture grant requirements and Extension administration…

  18. Beginning Teachers' Challenges in Their Pursuit of Effective Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Confait, Steve

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the context and experiences of three beginning teachers in their effort to improve their teaching and to implement and align themselves with their schools' expectations of effective teaching practices. Research findings emerging from a sociocultural-ethnographic framework revealed that participants challenged their own…

  19. How Can a Community Clinic Serve Beginning Public School Teachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barman, Alicerose

    A community mental health clinic designed to function also as an inservice training agent for beginning public school teachers is described. The clinic's philosophy is based on the psychoanalytic model and its educational program was planned to serve parents and teachers, particularly those of young children. Area schools came to welcome and…

  20. Heaven or Hell? The Teaching Environment of Beginning Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bobbitt, Sharon A.

    This study expands on research conducted by Bobbitt and Weaver (1992) that assessed the experience of beginning teachers in the context of the "crucible versus cradle" paradigm. Using nationally representative data on teachers from the National Center for Education Statistics' Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) of 1990-91, the analysis…

  1. Imagining a Profession: A Beginning Teacher's Story of Isolation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Kerryn; Sim, Cheryl; Johnson, Greer

    2011-01-01

    Policy documents informing the profession of teaching in Australia and elsewhere explicitly recommend nurturing those new to the profession working collaboratively with colleagues. Key to the development and growth of beginning teachers is the informal exchange of ideas and knowledge between colleagues--essentially through the functioning of a…

  2. The Challenges of Beginning Teachers in Urban Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaikhorst, Lisa; Beishuizen, Jos; Roosenboom, Bart; Volman, Monique

    2017-01-01

    This study provides insight in the variety of urban-related challenges that beginning teachers experience in urban schools. Literature on urban teaching focuses on teaching children from low socio-economic status (SES) and/or culturally diverse backgrounds. In many European cities, however, schools are populated by both children from relatively…

  3. Training Beginning Teachers How to Engage Families: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackett-Villalobos, Karen

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study focuses on how beginning teachers attain skills to engage families in the educational process. Historical rationale, theoretical frameworks, and key research findings for family engagement training during the last three decades were reviewed, studied, and analyzed for themes. A review of scholarly literature is incorporated…

  4. Welcome to Teaching! Project on the Induction of Beginning Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

    This booklet, reflecting the advice of those who have worked with the Project on the Induction of Beginning Teachers, contains lists of specific suggestions to aid teachers during their first year. There are five sections: (1) Summer, A Time for Preparing; (2) Orientation: Organize, Organize, Organize; (3) The First Semester: Mutual Adjustment;…

  5. Phau Xyaum Nyeem Zaj Lus = Beginning Hmong Reader.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xiong, Ge

    A collection of lessons for beginning reading instruction in Hmong includes 22 lessons on (1) natural resources (soil, water, rock and stone, trees, non-flowering fruit trees, and flowering fruit trees); (2) Hmong agricultural practices (planting vegetable gardens, choosing seeds, seed development, corn, cuttings, and spreading and standing…

  6. Performance Assessments for Beginning Teachers: Options and Lessons.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Claudia; Stansbury, Kendyll

    1994-01-01

    A 3-year pilot study of alternative assessments for over 500 beginning teachers revealed numerous possibilities, including high-inference classroom observations, semistructured interviews, structured simulation tasks, performance-based assessment center exercises, portfolios, videotaped teaching episodes, and revamped multiple-choice examinations.…

  7. The Beginning of Schooling--As We Know It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, David

    2015-01-01

    This essay offers an account of the beginnings of modern schooling. The Latin word "schola" began to mean "school" in the ninth century. But early practices associated with this newly distinct social phenomenon took several centuries to become codified, institutionalized and recognized. Until that happened, school was a label…

  8. Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Gary

    2012-01-01

    It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to…

  9. Do Beginning Teachers Receive Adequate Support from Their Headteachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menon, Maria Eliophotou

    2012-01-01

    The article examines the problems faced by beginning teachers in Cyprus and the extent to which headteachers are considered to provide adequate guidance and support to them. Data were collected through interviews with 25 school teachers in Cyprus, who had recently entered teaching (within 1-5 years) in public primary schools. According to the…

  10. 40. BOILER HOUSE, BEGINNING OF COAL CONVEYOR FROM COAL TOWER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. BOILER HOUSE, BEGINNING OF COAL CONVEYOR FROM COAL TOWER No. 1 (FIFTH FLOOR OR CABLE ROAD FLOOR SHOWN IN DRAWING No. 6 OF 13) - Delaware County Electric Company, Chester Station, Delaware River at South end of Ward Street, Chester, Delaware County, PA

  11. Inner-City Schools and the Beginning Teacher: A Dialogue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Daniel U.; Doll, Russell C.

    This booklet addresses the beginning teacher whose assignment is an inner-city school. It advocates that each new teacher in the inner city should have what amounts of a self-administered interview schedule, focusing on points one needs to keep uppermost in one's mind if one wishes to be effective in working with low-income youth. This protocol…

  12. Beginning Teacher Induction in the State of Colorado

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierbaum, Myra Desha

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of teacher induction in the state of Colorado. The guiding question for the study was "What components do Colorado school districts include as part of their beginning teacher induction?" The study examined the implementation of nine teacher induction components: orientation,…

  13. Make Kids Count: Giving Babies a Smart Beginning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Anne, Ed.

    The Smart Beginnings project in Arizona is designed to increase public awareness and parent education about early childhood development and family support resources. The program is intended to identify, link, establish, and expand a public/private family support system and improve the quality and increase availability of infant and toddler child…

  14. Separating Speed from Accuracy in Beginning Reading Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juul, Holger; Poulsen, Mads; Elbro, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Phoneme awareness, letter knowledge, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) are well-known kindergarten predictors of later word recognition skills, but it is not clear whether they predict developments in accuracy or speed, or both. The present longitudinal study of 172 Danish beginning readers found that speed of word recognition mainly developed…

  15. Instruction, Perception, and Reflection: Transforming Beginning Teachers' Habits of Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenderson, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Graduates from three Northern California private universities K-12 teacher preparation programs were invited to participate in an online survey to share their perceptions of the California Teaching Performance Assessment (CalTPA) as it influenced their K-12 beginning teacher practice. Self-selected respondents further volunteered to discuss their…

  16. Preparing Beginning Teachers to Elicit and Interpret Students' Mathematical Thinking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sleep, Laurie; Boerst, Timothy A.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated how teacher education assignments can be designed to support beginning teachers in learning to do the work of teaching. We examined beginners' formative assessment practices--in particular, their eliciting and interpreting of students' mathematical thinking--in the context of an elementary mathematics methods assignment,…

  17. Beginning Early Childhood Education Teachers' Classroom Management Concerns

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akdag, Zeynep; Haser, Çigdem

    2016-01-01

    This paper reports an analysis of the classroom management concerns of pre-service early childhood education (ECE) teachers prior to beginning their career and further examines the difficulties they experienced in classroom management in their first year of teaching and their coping strategies. Sixteen pre-service ECE teachers enrolled in the same…

  18. Do Beginning Teachers Receive Adequate Support from Their Headteachers?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Menon, Maria Eliophotou

    2012-01-01

    The article examines the problems faced by beginning teachers in Cyprus and the extent to which headteachers are considered to provide adequate guidance and support to them. Data were collected through interviews with 25 school teachers in Cyprus, who had recently entered teaching (within 1-5 years) in public primary schools. According to the…

  19. Beginning Second Language Instruction. Computer-Based Curriculum Improvements.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlin, Russell S.; Douglas, Sarah A.

    This project developed computer-based language teaching software to assist beginning second language learners develop listening comprehension skills. Students interact with computer-based simulations of real world problems, which require their understanding of oral language provided by the computer system. The project embraced a communicative…

  20. Beyond Decoding: Phonological Processing during Silent Reading in Beginning Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blythe, Hazel I.; Pagán, Ascensión; Dodd, Megan

    2015-01-01

    In this experiment, the extent to which beginning readers process phonology during lexical identification in silent sentence reading was investigated. The eye movements of children aged seven to nine years and adults were recorded as they read sentences containing either a correctly spelled target word (e.g., girl), a pseudohomophone (e.g., gerl),…

  1. Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2011-01-01

    As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

  2. Teaching Beginning Chemistry Students Simple Lewis Dot Structures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nassiff, Peter; Czerwinski, Wendy A.

    2015-01-01

    Students beginning their initial study of chemistry often have a difficult time mastering simple Lewis dot structures. Textbooks show students how to manipulate Lewis structures by moving valence electron dots around the chemical structure so each atom has an octet or duet. However, an easier method of teaching Lewis structures for simple…

  3. Beginning Teachers' Challenges in Their Pursuit of Effective Teaching Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Confait, Steve

    2015-01-01

    This article explores the context and experiences of three beginning teachers in their effort to improve their teaching and to implement and align themselves with their schools' expectations of effective teaching practices. Research findings emerging from a sociocultural-ethnographic framework revealed that participants challenged their own…

  4. Elementary Career Education Guide, Volume 4: Beginning Cpmpetency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watertown Independent School District 1, SD.

    Volume 4 of the six-volume articulated elementary education career guides deals with the beginning occupational competency level of career awareness and aims at developing student employable skills. The lessons in the volume are divided and color-coded by grade level (early childhood, primary levels 1-3, and intermediate levels 1-3 corresponding…

  5. A Comparison of Two Methods of Teaching Beginning Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Britton, Earl William

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether a meaning-emphasis or a code-emphasis method of teaching beginning reading to first-grade children was most efficacious. The following procedures were employed: establishment of a workable definition of the reading process, development of an experimental design in which the control of natural…

  6. Do People Whose Names Begin with "D" Really Die Young?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Gary

    2012-01-01

    It has been reported that professional baseball players whose first names begin with the letter "D" tend to die relatively young (E. L. Abel & M. L. Kruger, 2010). However, the statistical evidence for this claim is based on selective data and a statistical test that ignores important confounding influences. A valid test applied to…

  7. Beginning School Ready To Learn: An International Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimley, Liam K.; Bennett, John

    2000-01-01

    Globalization trends are creating a new world order that in term affects the lives of children. It is importance to maintain an international perspective when addressing the issues related to children's readiness to learn. Both public and private funding are increasingly becoming available to help children begin school ready to learn, even in…

  8. A Model for Beginning Teacher Support and Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yopp, Ruth H.; Young, Beverly L.

    1999-01-01

    Describes a California beginning-teacher support and assessment program, designed and carried out by a public university and two elementary school districts. discusses program strengths and challenges, changes made based on ongoing feedback and evaluation, and lessons learned during the program's first three years. Providing options and allowing…

  9. Sharing a Cup of Coffee Is Only a Beginning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ganser, Tom

    2002-01-01

    Presents a history of beginning teacher mentoring, discussing what has been effective and suggesting that the best mentor programs provide funding, time, and expertise. Tips for success include: integrate mentoring with the school community, define "new teacher" and "mentor" broadly, maximize mentor training and ongoing support, and continue…

  10. Creative Teaching: Why It Matters and where to Begin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rinkevich, Jennifer L.

    2011-01-01

    Current research indicates that creativity in teaching can and should be enhanced in order to promote student learning. This article begins by stressing the importance of creativity in education and the ways in which creative teaching benefits students. Next, it addresses key points for better understanding classroom creativity by identifying…

  11. Instruction, Perception, and Reflection: Transforming Beginning Teachers' Habits of Mind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fenderson, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Graduates from three Northern California private universities K-12 teacher preparation programs were invited to participate in an online survey to share their perceptions of the California Teaching Performance Assessment (CalTPA) as it influenced their K-12 beginning teacher practice. Self-selected respondents further volunteered to discuss their…

  12. Technical Features of Curriculum-Based Measures for Beginning Writers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMaster, Kristen L.; Du, Xiaoqing; Petursdottir, Anna-Lind

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the two studies reported in this article was to examine technical features of curriculum-based measures for beginning writers. In Study 1, 50 first graders responded to word copying, sentence copying, and story prompts. In Study 2, 50 additional first graders responded to letter, picture-word, picture-theme, and photo prompts. In…

  13. Separating Speed from Accuracy in Beginning Reading Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juul, Holger; Poulsen, Mads; Elbro, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Phoneme awareness, letter knowledge, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) are well-known kindergarten predictors of later word recognition skills, but it is not clear whether they predict developments in accuracy or speed, or both. The present longitudinal study of 172 Danish beginning readers found that speed of word recognition mainly developed…

  14. Critical Word Factor in Texts for Beginning Readers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Fisher, Charles W.

    2007-01-01

    "The Critical Word Factor," based on word recognition demands of texts, is a measure of text difficulty designed specifically for texts used by beginning readers. The measure is a function of the number of new, unique words per 100 running words of text that fall outside a designated curriculum. The authors investigated the validity of the…

  15. Beginning Eleventh Grade Student Profile, Mathematics Standards, Citrus County, Florida.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Citrus County Board of Public Instruction, Inverness, FL.

    This collection of booklets deals with minumum standards in mathematics for beginning eleventh grade students. There is a statement of the standards with related skills, a test to assess competency with accompanying answer sheet and answer key, and eight booklets presenting problems covered by six of the standards. The booklets cover: percentages;…

  16. Job Performance and Job Satisfaction of Beginning Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pigge, Fred L.; Lovett, Martha T.

    This study sought to determine the relationships between various indices of job performance and job satisfaction of the first-year teacher. It also examined the possibility that job satisfaction of beginning teachers might vary among elementary, secondary, specialized and special education teaching fields. Subjects were 154 graduates of the…

  17. Czech for Americans. A Beginning Level Competency-Based Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campora, Olga Kovarova

    The course in beginning-level Czech is designed for adult students and businesspersons needing to learn use of the language in everyday circumstances. It emphasizes speaking and listening skills and contextualized language, focusing on meaning over form. The materials consist of 44 instructional units on nine topics: first social contact; social…

  18. Beginning Teacher Challenges Instructing Students Who Are in Foster Care

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zetlin, Andrea; MacLeod, Elaine; Kimm, Christina

    2012-01-01

    Children in foster care compose a population of students very vulnerable to school failure. Placement and school instability and lack of collaboration between the school and child welfare agency are some of the barriers that impede their school performance. This study focused on the classroom context and questioned beginning general and special…

  19. A Study of Visual Efficiency Necessary for Beginning Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Beverly S.; And Others

    A study was conducted to determine if there were significant differences in vision between beginning readers who learn to read easily and those who learn with difficulty (dyslexics). In addition, the study examined the mean of the high achievers (rather than expert opinion) to discover the degree to which visual efficiency was normally needed for…

  20. Exploring Beginning Inference with Novice Grade 7 Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Jane M.

    2008-01-01

    This study documented efforts to facilitate ideas of beginning inference in novice grade 7 students. A design experiment allowed modified teaching opportunities in light of observation of components of a framework adapted from that developed by Pfannkuch for teaching informal inference with box plots. Box plots were replaced by hat plots, a…