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Sample records for 2-year follow-up analysis

  1. [Allogeneic parathyroid: 2-year follow-up].

    PubMed

    Hermosillo-Sandoval, José Manuel; Leonher-Ruezga, Karla Lisseth; Jiménez-Gómez, José Alfredo; Fuentes-Orozco, Clotilde; González-Ojeda, Alejandro; Ramírez-González, Luis Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    Hypoparathyroidism is one of the most frequent complications of neck surgery. The treatment is currently medical; however this involves several complications secondary to high doses of calcium and vitamin D, thus making parathyroid allotransplantation a good management option. Patients with hypoparathyroidism were selected in the April-December period of 2011 in the general surgical clinic. They were between 16 and 65 years, and ingested high doses of calcium. The donors were patients with primary and secondary hyperparathyroidism, and the transplants were performed in relation to blood group and human leucocyte antigen. Five parathyroid allografts were performed. All the patients had iatrogenic hypoparathyroidism, all women with a mean age of 49.8 years. The graft was implanted under local anaesthesia in the non-dominant forearm. Four of the patients are so far considered functional due to the increase in paratohormone, and demonstrating its function by scintigraphy with sestamibi. One of the patients showed no increase in paratohormone or imaging studies that demonstrate its functionality. After a two year follow up the graft remains functional but with with oral calcium intake at a lower dose than before transplantation. None of the patients had immunosuppression side effects. In this study, allogeneic unrelated living parathyroid transplant with an immunosuppressive regimen of six months has proven to be a safe alternative treatment to improve quality of life by decreasing the excessive calcium intake and improving physical activity with adequate graft survival at 24 months follow up. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  2. Early Debris Formation with a Porous Tantalum Glenoid Component: Radiographic Analysis with 2-Year Minimum Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Endrizzi, Donald P; Mackenzie, Johanna A; Henry, Patrick D G

    2016-06-15

    Porous tantalum has been used effectively in hip, knee, and reverse shoulder arthroplasty implants. However, a first-generation porous tantalum glenoid component for use in anatomic shoulder arthroplasty previously demonstrated failure, with failure usually preceded by the appearance of intra-articular metallic debris. After redesign, the component was reintroduced in 2009. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of the redesigned glenoid component. Sixty-eight patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty received a Trabecular Metal porous tantalum glenoid component (73 components; 5 patients underwent staged bilateral procedures). No polymethylmethacrylate cement was used (off-label usage in the U.S.). A grading system to assess metallic debris formation was developed using radiographs of the previous generation of porous tantalum glenoid components that failed. Radiographs from the current series were independently reviewed by 2 shoulder arthroplasty specialists, and their results were compared. Glenoid components were evaluated for signs of bone ingrowth and metallic debris formation. Sixty-six (90%) of the 73 components were evaluated at a minimum of 2 years of follow-up (mean radiographic follow-up of 50.8 months; range, 24 to 68 months). Of these, 92.4% demonstrated minimal or no glenoid radiolucency. Overall, the prevalence of metallic tantalum debris formation was 44% (29 of 66). Sequential radiograph review demonstrated that the incidence of metallic debris formation increased for each year of follow-up, with radiographs from 2, 3, 4, and ≥5 years of follow-up demonstrating a metallic debris incidence of 23%, 36%, 49%, and 52%, respectively. Additionally, the severity of metallic debris formation increased with follow-up duration. There was no component dissociation or revision due to implant breakage in this series. The porous tantalum glenoid component studied had excellent short-term component

  3. Walk-in telemental health clinics improve access and efficiency: a 2-year follow-up analysis.

    PubMed

    Neufeld, Jonathan; Case, Ruth

    2013-12-01

    Telemedicine has demonstrated potential to improve access and quality of mental health services in underserved areas. Use of telemedicine to deliver health services may enable a range of synergistic innovations in care practices, but such innovations will require rigorous evaluation. We evaluated a telemental health program designed to increase access by eliminating clinician travel time in a multisite rural community mental health center. The program included both traditionally scheduled and "open scheduled" clinics provided via telemedicine. An initial 13-month evaluation showed better access, quality, and sustainability compared with similar services delivered using traditional methods available elsewhere within the organization. A 24-month follow-up analysis was undertaken to determine if initial findings remained consistent. Telemedicine clinics continued to show remarkably consistent advantages in both access and quality compared with traditional services. Cost-efficiency gains were also robust, maintaining a 20-percentage-point advantage in conversion of scheduled time to billable time over traditional clinics. Much of this advantage was attributable to the 20% of clinic volume that was open-scheduled or "walk-in" in nature. This study confirms earlier findings that telemedicine technology can support synergistic innovations in service format (such as "open scheduling") and maintain measurable advantages in access and quality along with cost-efficiencies past the initial implementation period.

  4. Walk-In Telemental Health Clinics Improve Access and Efficiency: A 2-Year Follow-Up Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Case, Ruth

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Introduction: Telemedicine has demonstrated potential to improve access and quality of mental health services in underserved areas. Use of telemedicine to deliver health services may enable a range of synergistic innovations in care practices, but such innovations will require rigorous evaluation. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a telemental health program designed to increase access by eliminating clinician travel time in a multisite rural community mental health center. The program included both traditionally scheduled and “open scheduled” clinics provided via telemedicine. An initial 13-month evaluation showed better access, quality, and sustainability compared with similar services delivered using traditional methods available elsewhere within the organization. A 24-month follow-up analysis was undertaken to determine if initial findings remained consistent. Results: Telemedicine clinics continued to show remarkably consistent advantages in both access and quality compared with traditional services. Cost-efficiency gains were also robust, maintaining a 20-percentage-point advantage in conversion of scheduled time to billable time over traditional clinics. Much of this advantage was attributable to the 20% of clinic volume that was open-scheduled or “walk-in” in nature. Conclusions: This study confirms earlier findings that telemedicine technology can support synergistic innovations in service format (such as “open scheduling”) and maintain measurable advantages in access and quality along with cost-efficiencies past the initial implementation period. PMID:24050609

  5. The use of temporary vascular shunts in military extremity wounds: a preliminary outcome analysis with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Borut, L T Jeffrey; Acosta, Capt José A; Tadlock, L C D R Matthew; Dye, Judy L; Galarneau, Michael; Elshire, Capt Donnel

    2010-07-01

    The use of temporary vascular shunts (TVS)s in the management of wartime extremity vascular injuries has received an increasing amount of attention. However, the overall impact of this adjunct remains incompletely defined. The objective of this study is to characterize outcomes of those patients who suffered wartime extremity vascular injuries managed with TVSs. This is a retrospective review of the Navy and Marine Corps Combat Trauma Registry examining peripheral vascular injuries treated during the military conflicts in the Middle East. Patient demographics, injury severity score, mechanism of injury, and vessels injured were recorded. Operative reports were reviewed for use of TVSs, type of definitive repair, the need for amputation, and survival. Eighty patients were included. Forty-six (57%) had TVSs placed and 34 (43%) underwent repair at initial presentation. The mean injury severity score for the TVS group and the non-TVS groups were 15.0 +/- 5.05 and 12.9 +/- 10.18, respectively, (p = 0.229). There were a total of 13 amputations, 6 (13%) in the TVS group and 7 (21%) in the non-TVS group (p = 0.38). There was no difference in amputation rates between either group. There were no recorded mortalities in either group. Median patient follow-up was 24.5 months (range, 3-48 months). This study demonstrates the importance and utility of TVSs in the management of wartime extremity vascular injury. When used to restore perfusion to an injured extremity, there seems to be no adverse effects or overall increase in limb loss rates and therefore a useful adjunct in the surgery for limb salvage.

  6. Three-dimensional analysis of condylar remodeling and skeletal relapse following bimaxillary surgery: A 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Xi, Tong; van Luijn, Rik; Baan, Frank; Schreurs, Ruud; de Koning, Martien; Bergé, Stefaan; Maal, Thomas

    2017-08-01

    To quantify the postoperative condylar remodelling and its role in skeletal relapse after bimaxillary surgery. 50 patients with mandibular hypoplasia who underwent bimaxillary surgery were analyzed. CBCT scans were acquired preoperatively, one week postoperatively and two years postoperatively. 3D cephalometric analysis was carried out for each CBCT scan, after which the condylar volume analysis was performed. The maxilla was advanced by a mean of 2.1 mm with a corresponding mean relapse of 0.3 mm. The maxilla was impacted in 23 and extruded in 27 patients. The mean mandibular advancement was 7.8 mm. Two years after surgery a mean mandibular skeletal relapse of 1.3 mm was observed. 78% of condyles exhibited a postoperative reduction in volume of 179 mm(3) (mean), equivalent to 12.5 volume%. Postoperative condylar volume loss was correlated with mandibular skeletal relapse (r = 0.42, p < 0.01), but not with maxilla relapse. Linear regression analysis identified age, gender, amount of surgical mandibular advancement and postoperative condylar volume loss as predictive factors for mandibular relapse. A significant correlation between postoperative condylar volume loss and skeletal relapse was found. Young female patients who underwent large bimaxillary advancement and postoperative reduction in condylar volume were particularly at risk for skeletal relapse. Copyright © 2017 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Postencephalitic pure anomic aphasia: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Okuda, B; Kawabata, K; Tachibana, H; Sugita, M; Tanaka, H

    2001-06-15

    We report a patient with pure anomic aphasia following encephalitis. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed bilateral temporal lesions, and subsequent focal atrophy in the left anterior inferior temporal lobe. Over the course of a 2-year follow-up, the patient's naming difficulty persisted without other dysfunction of language or memory. These observations indicate a contribution of the left anterior inferior temporal region to object naming.

  8. Impact of poor mental health in adult spinal deformity patients with poor physical function: a retrospective analysis with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Bakhsheshian, Joshua; Scheer, Justin K; Gum, Jeffrey L; Hostin, Richard; Lafage, Virginie; Bess, Shay; Protopsaltis, Themistocles S; Burton, Douglas C; Keefe, Malla Kate; Hart, Robert A; Mundis, Gregory M; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Schwab, Frank; Smith, Justin S; Ames, Christopher P

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Mental disease burden can have a significant impact on levels of disability and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures. Therefore, the authors investigated the significance of mental health status in adults with spinal deformity and poor physical function. METHODS A retrospective analysis of a prospective multicenter database of 365 adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients who had undergone surgical treatment was performed. Health-related QOL variables were examined preoperatively and at the 2-year postoperative follow-up. Patients were grouped by their 36-Item Short Form Health Survey mental component summary (MCS) and physical component summary (PCS) scores. Both groups had PCS scores ≤ 25th percentile for matched norms; however, the low mental health (LMH) group consisted of patients with an MCS score ≤ 25th percentile, and the high mental health (HMH) group included patients with an MCS score ≥ 75th percentile. RESULTS Of the 264 patients (72.3%) with a 2-year follow-up, 104 (28.5%) met the inclusion criteria for LMH and 40 patients (11.0%) met those for HMH. The LMH group had a significantly higher overall rate of comorbidities, specifically leg weakness, depression, hypertension, and self-reported neurological and psychiatric disease processes, and were more likely to be unemployed as compared with the HMH group (p < 0.05 for all). The 2 groups had similar 2-year postoperative improvements in HRQOL (p > 0.05) except for the greater improvements in the MCS and the Scoliosis Research Society-22r questionnaire (SRS-22r) mental domain (p < 0.05) in the LMH group and greater improvements in PCS and SRS-22r satisfaction and back pain domains (p < 0.05) in the HMH group. The LMH group had a higher rate of reaching a minimal clinically important difference (MCID) on the SRS-22r mental domain (p < 0.01), and the HMH group had a higher rate of reaching an MCID on the PCS and SRS-22r activity domain (p < 0.05). On multivariable logistic regression

  9. Clozapine and anemia: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Jimmy; Bies, Robert; Bhaloo, Amaal; Powell, Valerie; Remington, Gary

    2015-12-01

    Clozapine's association with agranulocytosis led to the implementation of stringent and mandatory hematologic monitoring guidelines in most countries. Although other hematologic aberrations such as eosinophilia and neutropenia have been previously described, clozapine's impact on the erythroid lineage has not been studied. There is a suspicion that a higher rate of anemia is observed in patients receiving clozapine; therefore, we hypothesized that there would be a higher rate of anemia in patients receiving clozapine therapy. All individuals initiated on clozapine at our center from 2009 to 2010 were recruited. Information on age, gender, medical comorbidities, and smoking status was extracted from the medical records. Data from complete blood counts over a 2-year follow-up period were extracted, with anemia defined as a hemoglobin value below 120 g/L for women and 130 g/L for men. Time to anemia event was calculated and Cox regression was employed to identify predictors of anemia. We found a high incidence of anemia in the first 2 years following clozapine initiation; of the 94 individuals (68 men, 26 women) recruited, 23 (24.5%) developed anemia. Higher baseline hemoglobin level (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.86, P = .002) and smoking status (HR = 0.21, P = .021) were identified as significant protective factors against anemia in men but not in women (HR = 0.92, P = .184, and HR = 0.52, P = .467 for baseline hemoglobin and smoking, respectively). Although smoking appears to lower the risk of anemia, we believe this is due to smoking's up-regulation of hemoglobin levels. Further studies are warranted in light of the present findings; for example, we cannot exclude the possibility that anemia was an epiphenomenon, characterizing instead a population with severe mental illness. © Copyright 2015 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

  10. Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty with a Cemented Posterior Stabilized, Condylar Constrained or Fully Constrained Prosthesis: A Minimum 2-year Follow-up Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Hwang, Sun-Chul; Kong, Jae-Yeon; Nam, Dae-Cheol; Kim, Dong-Hee; Park, Hyung-Bin; Jeong, Soon-Taek

    2010-01-01

    valgus in average. Radiolucent lines were observed in 18% of the knees without progressive osteolysis. Conclusions Revision total knee requires a more constrained prosthesis than primary total knee arthroplasty because of the ligamentous instability and bony defect. This short to midterm follow-up analysis demonstrated that a well planned and precisely executed revision can reduce pain and improve the knee function significantly. Infected cases showed as good a result as those with aseptic loosening through the use of antibiotics-impregnated cement beads and proper soft tissue coverage with a medial gastrocnemius flap. PMID:20514269

  11. Hybrid Decompression and Fixation Technique Versus Plated 3-Vertebra Corpectomy for 4-Segment Cervical Myelopathy: Analysis of 81 Cases With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Odate, Seiichi; Shikata, Jitsuhiko; Kimura, Hiroaki; Soeda, Tsunemitsu

    2016-07-01

    A retrospective comparative study. The purpose of this study was to compare the stability and outcomes of a hybrid technique with those of a 3-vertebra corpectomy in the management of 4-segment cervical myelopathy. Patients with primarily ventral disease and loss of cervical lordosis are considered good candidates for anterior surgery. Cervical corpectomy is commonly performed in patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy. Corpectomies including >3 vertebraes entail an extremely high risk of reconstruction failure. To avoid the need to perform a 3-vertebra corpectomy, we use a hybrid decompression and fixation technique. This hybrid technique is a technique to obtain optimum decompression and fixation in patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy. A total of 81 patients with multilevel cervical myelopathy who underwent 4-segment cervical fixation with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included. The hybrid technique involved combining a plated 2-vertebra corpectomy and single-level discectomy with stand-alone cage fixation. This technique was performed in 39 patients, and the plated 3-vertebra corpectomy was performed in 42 patients. Nine patients (21%) who underwent the plated 3-vertebra corpectomy were treated with halo immobilization, but no patient in the hybrid group required this treatment (P=0.002). There were fewer instances of reconstruction failure in the hybrid group than in the 3-vertebra corpectomy group (0% vs. 10%, respectively; P=0.048) and fewer instances of C5 palsy (3% vs. 17%, respectively; P <0.0001). The incidence of postoperative C5 palsy was 25% for C3-C5 corpectomy, 19% for C4-C6 corpectomy, and 11% for C4-C5 corpectomy+C6-C7 discectomy. The hybrid technique has the following advantages over 3-vertebra corpectomy for 4-segment cervical fixation: a shorter graft bone and plate are required; the fixed segment has greater initial stability; postoperative external immobilization is simplified; and the risk of reconstruction failure and

  12. Postoperative nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and the prevention of heterotopic ossification after cervical arthroplasty: analysis using CT and a minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Tu, Tsung-Hsi; Wu, Jau-Ching; Huang, Wen-Cheng; Chang, Hsuan-Kan; Ko, Chin-Chu; Fay, Li-Yu; Wu, Ching-Lan; Cheng, Henrich

    2015-05-01

    OBJECT Heterotopic ossification (HO) after cervical arthroplasty is not uncommon and may cause immobility of the disc. To prevent HO formation, study protocols of clinical trials for cervical arthroplasty undertaken by the US FDA included perioperative use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). However, there are few data supporting the use of NSAIDs to prevent HO after cervical arthroplasty. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of NSAIDs in HO formation and clinical outcomes. METHODS Consecutive patients who underwent 1- or 2-level cervical arthroplasty with a minimum follow-up of 24 months were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were grouped into 1 of 2 groups, an NSAID group (those patients who had used NSAIDs postoperatively) and a non-NSAID group (those patients who had not used NSAIDs postoperatively). The formation of HO was detected and classified using CT in every patient. The incidence of HO formation, disc mobility, and clinical outcomes, including visual analog scale (VAS) scores of neck and arm pain, neck disability index (NDI) scores, and complications were compared between the two groups. Furthermore, a subgroup analysis of the patients in the NSAID group, comparing the selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 to nonselective COX-2 NSAID users, was also conducted for each of the above-mentioned parameters. RESULTS A total of 75 patients (mean age [± SD] 46.71 ± 9.94 years) with 107 operated levels were analyzed. The mean follow-up duration was 38.71 ± 9.55 months. There were no significant differences in age, sex, and levels of arthroplasty between the NSAID and non-NSAID groups. There was a nonsignificantly lower rate of HO formation in the NSAID group than the non-NSAID group (47.2% vs. 68.2%, respectively; p = 0.129). During follow-up, most of the arthroplasty levels remained mobile, with similar rates of immobile discs in the NSAID and non-NSAID groups (13.2% and 22.7%, respectively; p = 0.318). Furthermore, there was a

  13. A 2-year follow-up of changes after bimaxillary surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism: 3-dimensional analysis of pharyngeal airway volume and hyoid bone position.

    PubMed

    Shin, Je-Hwa; Kim, Min-Ah; Park, In-Young; Park, Yang-Ho

    2015-02-01

    The aims of this study were to use 3-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate how the upper airway and hyoid bone position changed after orthognathic surgery in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusions and to analyze the relations among upper airway changes, the change in the position of the hyoid bone, and postsurgical stability. CBCT scans were obtained from 15 patients with mandibular prognathism before surgery (T0), 6 months after surgery (T1), 1 year after surgery (T2), and 2 years after surgery (T3). Positional displacement of the hyoid bone was assessed using the coordinates at T0, T1, T2, and T3. In addition, the volume of each patient's pharyngeal airway was measured. Differences in CBCT scans at the established time points were determined by the Wilcoxon signed rank test. The Spearman correlation coefficient was used to determine the relations among changes in hyoid bone position, airway volume, and skeletal reference points. The hyoid bone moved backward at 6 months after surgery (T0 to T1), and the total volume of the pharyngeal airway was considerably decreased at the same time points. At 1 year after surgery (T1 to T2), although the hyoid moved more posteriorly and the total volume of the pharyngeal airway was decreased, the changes were not major. At 2 years after surgery, the hyoid bone moved anteriorly and the size of the upper pharyngeal airway was increased (T2 to T3). The hyoid bone moved posteriorly and the pharyngeal airway volume was decreased at 6 months after bimaxillary surgery. These measurements had a tendency to recover at 2 years postoperatively. The decrease in pharyngeal airway volume was not correlated with positional changes of the hyoid bone. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. [The ACL tear from the pre-operative analysis to a 2-year follow-up, influence of the graft choice on the subjective and objective evaluation].

    PubMed

    Dejour, D; Potel, J-F; Gaudot, F; Panisset, J-C; Condouret, J

    2008-12-01

    This study is a synthesis of three series. The first study was prospective on 418 patients with an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear (group I). Two population of ACL ruptures were identified. One population with a postero-lateral bundle preserved in 16%, the mean medial anterior tibial translation side to side was 4.97 mm, the Lachman test was delayed in 40% with no or glide pivot shift in 73%. The second population with a complete ACL tear had a mean medial anterior tibial translation side to side of 7.93 mm, the Lachman test was soft in 98% with gross pivot shift in 80%. The second study was a retrospective study on 258 patients (group II) at 26 months follow-up, it correlated the impact of the type of graft on the clinical objective and subjective results. Twenty-eight percent had anterior knee pain, 33% for the patellar tendon and 25% for the hamstrings, the subjective IKDC was significantly lower for the painful knees, and 68% of the patellar tendon had a hypoesthesia and only 32% for the hamstrings. The ability to walk on the knee was 68% for the hamstrings and 35% for the patellar tendon. The third study was retrospective on 127 patients, 24 months after ACL reconstruction (group III), all were tested on a isokinetic machine for the extensor, the flexor and the internal rotator. In the total population, a 10% extensor and flexor deficit and a 5% rotator deficit was noted. A significant difference between patellar tendon and hamstrings in terms of muscular recovery was found. It pointed out that a more specific rehabilitation should be done on the hamstring group. The muscular recovery was correlated to the highest subjective score. This study allowed the surgeon to be more specific in the ACL tear definition, to adapt the graft choice to the type of sport activity but also to the type of work the patient does and finally to modify the rehabilitation protocol for the hamstring technique.

  15. Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

    2011-01-01

    Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

  16. Infantile Amnesia across the Years: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Children's Earliest Memories

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Carole; Warren, Kelly L.; Short, Megan M.

    2011-01-01

    Although infantile amnesia has been investigated for many years in adults, only recently has it been investigated in children. This study was a 2-year follow-up and extension of an earlier study. Children (4-13 years old) were asked initially and 2 years later for their earliest 3 memories. At follow-up, their age at the time of these memories…

  17. Does sagittal position of the CTDR-related centre of rotation influence functional outcome? Prospective 2-year follow-up analysis.

    PubMed

    Suchomel, P; Jurák, L; Antinheimo, J; Pohjola, J; Stulik, J; Meisel, H-J; Čabraja, M; Woiciechowsky, C; Bruchmann, B; Shackleford, I; Arregui, R; Sola, S

    2014-05-01

    Recent studies describe significant rates of heterotopic ossification (HO) after cervical total disc replacement (CTDR). Little is known about the reasons, and one aspect that requires further in vivo investigation is the biomechanical alteration after CTDR and the role of the implant-related centre of rotation (CORi) in particular. The role of the sagittal position of the CORi on functional outcome in two versions of a semi-constrained disc prosthesis with sagittally different CORi is the topic of this study. Patients were candidates for single-level CTDR between C3 and C7 who suffered from CDDD and received a standard or flat version of activ C™ (Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen). Clinical and radiographic assessments were determined preoperatively, intraoperatively, at discharge and again at 6 weeks, 6 months, 1 and 2 years. Radiographic examinations were performed independently using specialized quantitative motion analysis software. Clinical outcome improved significantly regarding NDI as well as VAS on neck and arm pain with no differences in mean improvement by study group. Segmental angle measures show a significantly better lordotic alignment for both groups after surgery, but the degree of correction achieved is higher in the flat group. Correlation analysis proves that the more anterior the CORi is positioned, the higher the lordotic correction is achieved (Pearson rho -0.385). Segmental ROM decreased in the standard group but was maintained for flat implants. At present, our data do not demonstrate a correlation between CORi and ROM at 2 years. Two years after surgery, severe HO grade III-IV was present in 31.6 % standard and 13.1 % flat cases with significant differences. Grouping according to HO severity showed comparable sagittal positions of CORi for flat implants but a more posterior position in the severe HO group for standard implants. Our results confirm the influence of CORi location on segmental alignment, kinematics and HO for a semi

  18. Saliva in perimenopausal and early postmenopausal women. A 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Tarkkila, Laura; Furuholm, Jussi; Tiitinen, Aila; Meurman, Jukka H

    2012-06-01

    This study aims to investigate salivary flow and biochemical constituents of menopausal-age women with the hypothesis that women using hormone therapy (HT) might present better saliva values than non-users. Two hundred HT users and 200 non-users were selected at random from a cohort study of 3,173 peri- and postmenopausal women and invited to a 2-year clinical follow-up study. Clinical examination with saliva sampling was made at baseline and 2 years later. Salivary total protein, albumin, and immunoglobulin (Ig) concentrations were analyzed. Final material included 106 consistent HT users and 55 non-users. Backward logistic regression analysis was made to determine the risk factors for higher or lower than medium salivary protein values. No difference was seen in salivary flow rate, total protein, and IgA values between baseline and follow-up measurements or between the groups. Albumin, IgG, and IgM concentrations were significantly lower in the 2-year samples of the HT group when compared with baseline. IgA and IgM values were higher in the non-HT 2-year samples when compared with the corresponding HT samples. The only significant explanatory factor for higher than median salivary albumin concentration was the number of teeth both at baseline and 2 years later. HT possibly improved epithelial integrity since the concentrations of serum components albumin, IgG, and IgM decreased during the follow-up. HT as such does not seem to affect saliva, although it may modify it. The clinical relevance of these results needs to be assessed in future studies.

  19. Outcomes of Hip Arthroscopic Surgery in Patients With Tönnis Grade 1 Osteoarthritis With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up: Evaluation Using a Matched-Pair Analysis With a Control Group With Tönnis Grade 0.

    PubMed

    Chandrasekaran, Sivashankar; Gui, Chengcheng; Darwish, Nader; Lodhia, Parth; Suarez-Ahedo, Carlos; Domb, Benjamin G

    2016-07-01

    There are limited studies on the effect of mild osteoarthritis (OA) on outcomes of hip arthroscopic surgery. To conduct a matched-pair analysis with a minimum 2-year follow-up to evaluate outcomes after hip arthroscopic surgery in patients with Tönnis grade 1 OA. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent hip arthroscopic surgery between April 2008 and December 2012. Patients were excluded if they had previous hip conditions. The remaining patients were divided into either Tönnis 0 or 1 grade OA groups and were matched in a 1-to-1 ratio according to age within 5 years, sex, body mass index category, labral treatment, and capsular treatment. Four patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores, as well as the visual analog scale (VAS) score for pain, patient satisfaction, and rates of revision arthroscopic surgery and conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA), were recorded. A total of 1412 hip arthroscopic procedures were performed during the study period, of which 1036 met the inclusion criteria and 892 (86.1%) had 2-year follow-up. There were 738 and 154 patients with Tönnis grade 0 and 1, respectively; 93 patients were matched in each group. The Tönnis grade 0 group had a mean follow up of 28.7 months (range, 23.5-67.9 months), and the Tönnis grade 1 group had a mean follow up of 31.5 months (range, 23.6-63.5 months). Both groups demonstrated a significant improvement in all PROs and the VAS at a minimum 2-year follow-up. For the Tönnis grade 0 group, the improvements (in points) in the PROs were as follows: modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), 15.51; Nonarthritic Hip Score (NAHS), 20.65; Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL), 16.83; and Hip Outcome Score-Sport-Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS), 20.91. The VAS score for the Tönnis grade 0 group decreased by 2.82 points. For the Tönnis grade 1 group, the improvements (in points) in the PROs were as follows: mHHS, 19.52; NAHS, 20.96; HOS-ADL, 18.20; and

  20. Learning, Memory, and Executive Function in New MDMA Users: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    PubMed Central

    Wagner, Daniel; Tkotz, Simon; Koester, Philip; Becker, Benjamin; Gouzoulis-Mayfrank, Euphrosyne; Daumann, Joerg

    2015-01-01

    3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is associated with changes in neurocognitive performance. Recent studies in laboratory animals have provided additional support for the neurodegeneration hypothesis. However, results from animal research need to be applied to humans with caution. Moreover, several of the studies that examine MDMA users suffer from methodological shortcomings. Therefore, a prospective cohort study was designed in order to overcome these previous methodological shortcomings and to assess the relationship between the continuing use of MDMA and cognitive performance in incipient MDMA users. It was hypothesized that, depending on the amount of MDMA taken, the continued use of MDMA over a 2-year period would lead to further decreases in cognitive performance, especially in visual paired association learning tasks. Ninety-six subjects were assessed, at the second follow-up assessment: 31 of these were non-users, 55 moderate-users, and 10 heavy-users. Separate repeated measures analyses of variance were conducted for each cognitive domain, including attention and information processing speed, episodic memory, and executive functioning. Furthermore, possible confounders including age, general intelligence, cannabis use, alcohol use, use of other concomitant substances, recent medical treatment, participation in sports, level of nutrition, sleep patterns, and subjective well-being were assessed. The Repeated measures analysis of variance (rANOVA) revealed that a marginally significant change in immediate and delayed recall test performances of visual paired associates learning had taken place within the follow-up period of 2 years. No further deterioration in continuing MDMA-users was observed in the second follow-up period. No significant differences with the other neuropsychological tests were noted. It seems that MDMA use can impair visual paired associates learning in new users. However, the groups differed in their use of concomitant use of

  1. Evolution of nonspecific duodenal lymphocytosis over 2 years of follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Losurdo, Giuseppe; Piscitelli, Domenico; Giangaspero, Antonio; Principi, Mariabeatrice; Buffelli, Francesca; Giorgio, Floriana; Montenegro, Lucia; Sorrentino, Claudia; Amoruso, Annacinzia; Ierardi, Enzo; Di Leo, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    AIM: To assess the evolution of duodenal lymphocytosis (DL), a condition characterized by increased intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), over 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing upper endoscopy/histology for abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, weakness or other extraintestinal features compatible with celiac disease (CD) were included. Evaluation of IELs infiltrate in duodenal biopsy samples was carried out by CD3-immunohistochemistry and expressed as number of positive cells/100 enterocytes. Diagnostic agreement on the IELs count was tested by calculating the weighted k coefficient. All patients underwent serological detection of autoantibodies associated with CD: IgG and IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase and endomysium. Each patient underwent further investigations to clarify the origin of DL at baseline and/or in the course of 2 years of follow-up every six months. Autoimmune thyroiditis, intestinal infections, parasitic diseases, bacterial intestinal overgrowth, hypolactasia and wheat allergy were detected. Colonoscopy and enteric magnetic resonance imaging were performed when necessary. Risk factors affecting the final diagnosis were detected by multinomial logistic regression and expressed as OR. RESULTS: Eighty-five patients (16 males, 69 females, aged 34.1 ± 12.5 years) were followed up for a mean period of 21.7 ± 11.7 mo. At baseline, endoscopy/duodenal biopsy, CD3 immunohistochemistry revealed: > 25 IELs/100 enterocytes in 22 subjects, 15-25 IELs in 37 and < 15 IELs in 26. They all had negative serum anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysium, whilst 5 showed IgG anti-gliadin positivity. In the course of follow-up, 23 developed CD seropositivity and gluten sensitivity (GS) was identified in 19. Other diagnoses were: 5 Helicobacter pylori infections, 4 jejunal Crohn’s disease, 1 lymphocytic colitis and 1 systemic sclerosis. The disease in the remaining 32 patients was classified as irritable bowel syndrome because of the lack

  2. Evolution of nonspecific duodenal lymphocytosis over 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Losurdo, Giuseppe; Piscitelli, Domenico; Giangaspero, Antonio; Principi, Mariabeatrice; Buffelli, Francesca; Giorgio, Floriana; Montenegro, Lucia; Sorrentino, Claudia; Amoruso, Annacinzia; Ierardi, Enzo; Di Leo, Alfredo

    2015-06-28

    To assess the evolution of duodenal lymphocytosis (DL), a condition characterized by increased intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), over 2 years of follow-up. Consecutive patients undergoing upper endoscopy/histology for abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss, weakness or other extraintestinal features compatible with celiac disease (CD) were included. Evaluation of IELs infiltrate in duodenal biopsy samples was carried out by CD3-immunohistochemistry and expressed as number of positive cells/100 enterocytes. Diagnostic agreement on the IELs count was tested by calculating the weighted k coefficient. All patients underwent serological detection of autoantibodies associated with CD: IgG and IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase and endomysium. Each patient underwent further investigations to clarify the origin of DL at baseline and/or in the course of 2 years of follow-up every six months. Autoimmune thyroiditis, intestinal infections, parasitic diseases, bacterial intestinal overgrowth, hypolactasia and wheat allergy were detected. Colonoscopy and enteric magnetic resonance imaging were performed when necessary. Risk factors affecting the final diagnosis were detected by multinomial logistic regression and expressed as OR. Eighty-five patients (16 males, 69 females, aged 34.1 ± 12.5 years) were followed up for a mean period of 21.7 ± 11.7 mo. At baseline, endoscopy/duodenal biopsy, CD3 immunohistochemistry revealed: > 25 IELs/100 enterocytes in 22 subjects, 15-25 IELs in 37 and < 15 IELs in 26. They all had negative serum anti-transglutaminase and anti-endomysium, whilst 5 showed IgG anti-gliadin positivity. In the course of follow-up, 23 developed CD seropositivity and gluten sensitivity (GS) was identified in 19. Other diagnoses were: 5 Helicobacter pylori infections, 4 jejunal Crohn's disease, 1 lymphocytic colitis and 1 systemic sclerosis. The disease in the remaining 32 patients was classified as irritable bowel syndrome because of the lack of diagnostic evidence

  3. Characteristics of patients in an eating disorder sample who dropped out: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Gómez Del Barrio, Andrés; Vellisca Gonzalez, María Yolanda; González Gómez, Jana; Latorre Marín, José Ignacio; Carral-Fernández, Laura; Orejudo Hernandez, Santos; Madrazo Río-Hortega, Inés; Moreno Malfaz, Laura

    2017-07-17

    This manuscript explores the characteristics of individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder who dropped out of treatment, compared with those who completed it. The participants were 196 patients diagnosed with eating disorders (according to DSM-IV-TR criteria) who consecutively began treatment for the first time in an eating disorders unit. They were assessed at baseline with a set of questionnaires evaluating eating habits, temperament, and general psychopathology. During the follow-up period, patients who dropped out were re-assessed via a telephone interview. In the course of a 2-year follow-up, a total of 80 (40.8%) patients were labeled as dropouts, and 116 (59.2%) remaining subjects were considered completers. High TCI scores in the character dimensions of Disorderliness (NS4) (p < .01) and total Novelty Seeking (NST), along with low scores in Dependency (RD4), were significantly associated with dropout in the course of 2 years. Once the results were submitted to logistic regression analysis, dropout only remained associated with high scores in Disorderliness (NS4) and, inversely, with an initial Anorexia Nervosa (AN) diagnosis (p < .05). Reasons for dropout stated by the patients included logistic difficulties, subjective improvement of their condition, and lack of motivation. Clinicians should handle the first therapeutic intervention with particular care in order to enhance their understanding of clients and their ability to rapidly identify those who are at risk of dropping out of treatment. Level III: Cohort Study.

  4. Domain-Specific Cognitive Recovery after First-Ever Stroke: A 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Turunen, Katri E A; Laari, Siiri P K; Kauranen, Tatu V; Uimonen, Jenni; Mustanoja, Satu; Tatlisumak, Turgut; Poutiainen, Erja

    2017-08-09

    The aim of this work was to study the change in different cognitive domains after stroke during a 2-year follow-up. We evaluated both neuropsychologically and neurologically a consecutive cohort of working-age patients with a first-ever stroke at baseline (within the first weeks), 6 months, and 2 years after stroke-onset. A total of 153 patients participated in all examinations and were compared to 50 healthy controls. Forty-nine percent of the patients were cognitively impaired at baseline, 41% at 6 months, and 39% at 2-year follow-up. We analyzed seven cognitive domains (impairment rates at baseline and 2-year follow-up): psychomotor speed (34%; 23%), executive functions (27%; 17%), visual memory (21%; 4%), visuospatial function (20%; 14%), verbal memory (18%; 12%), basic language processing (baseline 11%; 6 months 5%), and reasoning (2 years 14%). The patients who were cognitively impaired at baseline improved more within 6 months, than either the controls or cognitively intact patients in all cognitive domains (all p<.05). Later on, between 6 months and 2 years, the domain-specific change scores did not differ between patients who were cognitively intact and impaired at 6 months. Also, the cognitive status (intact or impaired) remained the same in 90% of patients between 6-month and 2-year follow-ups. At 2 years, half of the patients, who were categorized cognitively impaired, were rated as well-recovered according to neurological evaluation. Most of the cognitive improvement took place within 6 months. Long-lasting cognitive impairment was common even after good neurological recovery. An early neuropsychological examination is essential in evaluating cognitive dysfunction and need for rehabilitation. (JINS, 2017, 23, 1-11).

  5. Emotionally Focused Interventions for Couples with Chronically Ill Children: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cloutier, Paula F.; Manion, Ian G.; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M.

    2002-01-01

    Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with…

  6. Emotionally Focused Interventions for Couples with Chronically Ill Children: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cloutier, Paula F.; Manion, Ian G.; Walker, Jan Gordon; Johnson, Susan M.

    2002-01-01

    Couples with chronically ill children are particularly at risk for experiencing marital distress. The study presented here is a 2-year follow-up of a randomized control trial that assessed the efficacy of Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) in decreasing marital distress in a sample of couples with a chronically ill child. Thirteen couples with…

  7. Cost-utility analysis modeling at 2-year follow-up for cervical disc arthroplasty versus anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: A single-center contribution to the randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Warren, Daniel; Andres, Tate; Hoelscher, Christian; Ricart-Hoffiz, Pedro; Bendo, John; Goldstein, Jeffrey

    2013-01-01

    Background Patients with cervical disc herniations resulting in radiculopathy or myelopathy from single level disease have traditionally been treated with Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF), yet Cervical Disc Arthroplasty (CDA) is a new alternative. Expert suggestion of reduced adjacent segment degeneration is a promising future result of CDA. A cost-utility analysis of these procedures with long-term follow-up has not been previously reported. Methods We reviewed single institution prospective data from a randomized trial comparing single-level ACDF and CDA in cervical disc disease. Both Medicare reimbursement schedules and actual hospital cost data for peri-operative care were separately reviewed and analyzed to estimate the cost of treatment of each patient. QALYs were calculated at 1 and 2 years based on NDI and SF-36 outcome scores, and incremental cost effectiveness ratio (ICER) analysis was performed to determine relative cost-effectiveness. Results Patients of both groups showed improvement in NDI and SF-36 outcome scores. Medicare reimbursement rates to the hospital were $11,747 and $10,015 for ACDF and CDA, respectively; these figures rose to $16,162 and $13,171 when including physician and anesthesiologist reimbursement. The estimated actual cost to the hospital of ACDF averaged $16,108, while CDA averaged $16,004 (p = 0.97); when including estimated physicians fees, total hospital costs came to $19,811 and $18,440, respectively. The cost/QALY analyses therefore varied widely with these discrepancies in cost values. The ICERs of ACDF vs CDA with Medicare reimbursements were $18,593 (NDI) and $19,940 (SF-36), while ICERs based on actual total hospital cost were $13,710 (NDI) and $9,140 (SF-36). Conclusions We confirm the efficacy of ACDF and CDA in the treatment of cervical disc disease, as our results suggest similar clinical outcomes at one and two year follow-up. The ICER suggests that the non-significant added benefit via ACDF comes at a

  8. Cytokines as a predictor of clinical response following hip arthroscopy: minimum 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Shapiro, Lauren M.; Safran, Marc R.; Maloney, William J.; Goodman, Stuart B.; Huddleston, James I.; Bellino, Michael J.; Scuderi, Gaetano J.; Abrams, Geoffrey D.

    2016-01-01

    Hip arthroscopy in patients with osteoarthritis has been shown to have suboptimal outcomes. Elevated cytokine concentrations in hip synovial fluid have previously been shown to be associated with cartilage pathology. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentration and clinical outcomes at a minimum of 2 years following hip arthroscopy. Seventeen patients without radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis had synovial fluid aspirated at time of portal establishment during hip arthroscopy. Analytes included fibronectin–aggrecan complex as well as a multiplex cytokine array. Patients completed the modified Harris Hip Score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index and the International Hip Outcomes Tool pre-operatively and at a minimum of 2 years following surgery. Pre and post-operative scores were compared with a paired t-test, and the association between cytokine values and clinical outcome scores was performed with Pearson’s correlation coefficient with an alpha value of 0.05 set as significant. Sixteen of seventeen patients completed 2-year follow-up questionnaires (94%). There was a significant increase in pre-operative to post-operative score for each clinical outcome measure. No statistically significant correlation was seen between any of the intra-operative cytokine values and either the 2-year follow-up scores or the change from pre-operative to final follow-up outcome values. No statistically significant associations were seen between hip synovial fluid cytokine concentrations and 2-year follow-up clinical outcome assessment scores for those undergoing hip arthroscopy. PMID:27583163

  9. Antenatal renal pelvis dilatation: 2-year follow-up with DMSA scintigraphy.

    PubMed

    Lidefelt, Karl-Johan; Herthelius, Maria; Soeria-Atmadja, Sandra

    2009-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether a postnatal ultrasound (US) can detect infants with antenatal renal pelvis dilatation (ARPD) who run a minimal risk of renal damage 2 years after birth. The study cohort consisted of 14,000 pregnant women who consecutively underwent routine US examinations during the second trimester. Subsequent examinations were performed on the basis of obstetrical indications. In total, 106 foetuses were diagnosed with ARPD > or =5 mm. Two postnatal US were performed on the newborns: on postpartum days 5-7 and during the third week of life. The findings were considered to be normal when the renal pelvis diameter (RPD) was < or = 7 mm and when there was no calyceal or ureteric dilatation or signs of renal dysplasia or other anomalies. Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) was done at 6-8 weeks after birth. When the children reached 2 years of age, renal status was evaluated with DMSA scintigraphy or, if not possible, US. In 53 of the 103 children available for evaluation, the postnatal US findings were normal; 49 of the 53 children were also given a DMSA, and the results were normal in all cases. An US scan (all normal) only was performed in three children because the families refused a DMSA. One family refused any form of examination at the 2-year follow-up. Based on our results, we conclude that postnatal US can detect infants who do not require follow-up assessments of renal development.

  10. Back posture education in elementary schoolchildren: a 2-year follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    Geldhof, Elisabeth; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; De Clercq, Dirk

    2006-01-01

    Within the scope of primary prevention regarding back functioning in children, research on the stability of intervention effects is indispensable. Along this line, the transition from childhood to adolescence is an important phase to evaluate the potential stability of intervention effects because of the typically mechanical and psychological demands related to adolescence. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a back education program at 2-year follow-up, in youngsters aged 13–14 years, on back posture knowledge, fear-avoidance beliefs and self-reported pain. An additional purpose was to evaluate which aspects of postural behavior were integrated in youngsters’ lifestyles. At 2-year follow-up, the study sample included 94 secondary schoolchildren in the intervention group (mean age 13.3 ± 0.8 years) and 101 controls (mean age 13.2 ± 0.7 years). The back posture program that had been implemented for two school years consisted of back education and the stimulation of postural dynamism in the class through support and environmental changes. A questionnaire was completed comparable to the pretest, posttest and follow-up evaluations. The current study demonstrated at 2-year follow-up stability of the improved general (F = 1.590, ns) and specific (F = 0.049, ns) back posture knowledge in children who had received early back posture education. Back posture education did not result in increased fear-avoidance beliefs (F = 1.163, ns) or mounting back and/or neck pain reports (F = 0.001, ns). Based on self-reports for postural behavior, youngsters who had received the back posture program in the elementary school curriculum integrated crucial sitting and lifting principles conform to biomechanical favorable postural behavior. The steady intervention effects 2-year post-intervention demonstrated that intensive back posture education through the elementary school curriculum is effective till adolescence. Future research on

  11. Back posture education in elementary schoolchildren: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Geldhof, Elisabeth; Cardon, Greet; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; De Clercq, Dirk

    2007-06-01

    Within the scope of primary prevention regarding back functioning in children, research on the stability of intervention effects is indispensable. Along this line, the transition from childhood to adolescence is an important phase to evaluate the potential stability of intervention effects because of the typically mechanical and psychological demands related to adolescence. The main aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of a back education program at 2-year follow-up, in youngsters aged 13-14 years, on back posture knowledge, fear-avoidance beliefs and self-reported pain. An additional purpose was to evaluate which aspects of postural behavior were integrated in youngsters' lifestyles. At 2-year follow-up, the study sample included 94 secondary schoolchildren in the intervention group (mean age 13.3 +/- 0.8 years) and 101 controls (mean age 13.2 +/- 0.7 years). The back posture program that had been implemented for two school years consisted of back education and the stimulation of postural dynamism in the class through support and environmental changes. A questionnaire was completed comparable to the pretest, posttest and follow-up evaluations. The current study demonstrated at 2-year follow-up stability of the improved general (F = 1.590, ns) and specific (F = 0.049, ns) back posture knowledge in children who had received early back posture education. Back posture education did not result in increased fear-avoidance beliefs (F = 1.163, ns) or mounting back and/or neck pain reports (F = 0.001, ns). Based on self-reports for postural behavior, youngsters who had received the back posture program in the elementary school curriculum integrated crucial sitting and lifting principles conform to biomechanical favorable postural behavior. The steady intervention effects 2-year post-intervention demonstrated that intensive back posture education through the elementary school curriculum is effective till adolescence. Future research on the impact of early

  12. Increasing calorie consumption in children with cystic fibrosis: replication with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed Central

    Stark, L J; Knapp, L G; Bowen, A M; Powers, S W; Jelalian, E; Evans, S; Passero, M A; Mulvihill, M M; Hovell, M

    1993-01-01

    Three mildly malnourished children with cystic fibrosis and their parents participated in a behavioral group-treatment program that focused on promoting and maintaining increased calorie consumption. Treatment included nutritional education, gradually increasing calorie goals, contingency management, and relaxation training, and was evaluated in a multiple baseline design across four meals. Children's calorie intake increased across meals, and total calorie intake was 32% to 60% above baseline at posttreatment. Increased calorie consumption was maintained at the 96-week follow-up (2 years posttreatment). The children's growth rates in weight and height were greater during the 2 years following treatment than the year prior to treatment. Increases in pace of eating and calories consumed per minute were also observed 1 year posttreatment. These findings replicated and extended earlier research supporting the efficacy of behavioral intervention in the treatment of malnutrition in children with cystic fibrosis. Images Figure 3 PMID:8307828

  13. Clinical Results of Lateral Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: Minimum 2-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kyung Tae; Lee, Song; Kim, Jin Woo; Kang, Min Su

    2016-01-01

    Background We investigated the clinical results and early complications after lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) using the Zimmer unicompartmental high-flex knee (ZUK) prosthesis with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Methods Twenty-seven patients (30 cases) who underwent lateral UKA with the ZUK prosthesis between January 2011 and February 2014 were selected for this study. The mean age of the patients was 63.3 years at the time of surgery, and the mean followup was 3 years and 2 months (range, 24 to 48 months). A retrospective investigation method was used to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results with use of the Knee Society (KS) clinical rating system and plain radiography. Results The mean KS pain score was improved from 17.9 points (range, 10 to 30 points) preoperatively to 40.5 points (range, 30 to 45 points) at the final follow-up (p < 0.001). The mean KS knee score and function score significantly increased from 63.2 points (range, 48 to 70 points) and 68.6 points (range, 35 to 80 points), respectively, preoperatively to 86.0 points (range, 74 to 95 points) and 92.4 points (range, 60 to 100 points), respectively, at the final follow-up (p < 0.001). The mean range of motion of the knee was recovered from 127.1° (range, 110° to 135°) preoperatively to 131.6° (range, 120° to 135°) at the final follow-up. The mean tibiofemoral angle changed from 6.2° of valgus (range, 0.1° to 11.4° of valgus) preoperatively to 3.4°of valgus (range, 0.2° to 9.5° of valgus) at the final follow-up. The overall results classified based on the KS knee score were "excellent" in 21 cases and "good" in 8 cases. Revision total knee arthroplasty was required in one case because of consistent pain on the medial side of the knee after surgery. Conclusions The early clinical results of lateral UKA using the ZUK prosthesis were satisfactory for improvement of pain, knee score, function score, and recovery of knee motion. Therefore, the lateral UKA could be a

  14. Delta Reverse Polarity Shoulder Replacement: Single Surgeon Experience with a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Eltayeb, Magid; Javaid, Mohammad Muddassir Mahmood

    2015-01-01

    Background The delta reverse shoulder replacement system was developed for the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy so that the deltoid can substitute for the deficient rotator cuff. To evaluate the results of delta reverse shoulder replacement for functional improvement and complications in a consecutive series by a single surgeon over a period of six years with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Methods The data were collected retrospectively from electronic theatre records. Over a period of 6 years (2006-2012), 46 cases that fulfilled the inclusion criteria were identified. There were 34 females and 12 males. The average age of patients was 76.2 years (range, 58 to 87 years). A single surgeon performed all procedures using the anterosuperior approach. The mean follow-up time was 49 months (range, 24 to 91 months). All cases had preoperative and postoperative Constant scores. We collected the data on indications, hospital stay, and change in the Constant score, complications, and reoperation rates. Results The main indication for surgery was rotator cuff arthropathy (52.2%), followed by massive rotator cuff tear (28.3%), osteoarthritis (8.7%), fractures (6.5%), and rheumatoid arthritis (4.3%). Also, 65.2% of the cases were referred by general practitioners, 26% of the cases were referred by other consultants, and 8.8% of the cases were already under the care of a shoulder surgeon. The average preoperative Constant score was 23.5 (range, 8 to 59). The average Constant score at the final follow-up was 56 (range, 22 to 83). On average, there was an improvement of 33 points in the Constant score. The improvement in the Constant score was significant (p < 0.001). We observed complications in four patients (8.6%). Three of four patients (6.5%) needed reoperation. The first complication was pulmonary embolism in the early postoperative period. The other complications included dissociation of the glenosphere from the metaglene, deltoid detachment, and stitch abscess

  15. Randomised controlled trial of prophylactic etamsylate: follow up at 2 years of age

    PubMed Central

    Elbourne, D; Ayers, S; Dellagrammaticas, H; Johnson, A; Leloup, M; Lenoir-Piat, S

    2001-01-01

    AIM—To assess the role of etamsylate* in reducing the risk of haemorrhagic brain damage and its consequences.
DESIGN—Follow up of babies recruited into a randomised controlled trial.
METHODS—A total of 334 infants born before 33 weeks gestation in France and Greece were randomly allocated within the first four hours of birth either to receive etamsylate or to act as controls. The principal outcomes in the trial were death or impairment and/or disability at the age of 2years.
RESULTS—Fifty nine children were lost to follow up. A total of 115 (34%) either died or had some impairment or disability, and 88(26%) either died or had severe impairment or disability at 2years of age. These outcomes did not differ significantly between the two randomised groups: relative risks and 95% confidence intervals 1.14 (0.78 to 1.4) and 1.17 (0.82 to 1.68) respectively. The findings were similar for all the prespecified subgroup analyses stratified by key prognostic factors at trial entry: country of birth, gestational age < or ⩾ 29 weeks, inborn or outborn, age < or ⩾ 1 hour, and with or without cerebral scan abnormality.
CONCLUSION—These findings do not support the use of etamsylate. Other strategies need to be evaluated for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in these vulnerable infants.
 PMID:11320045

  16. Successful ABO-incompatible living-related intestinal transplantation: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Fan, D M; Zhao, Q C; Wang, W Z; Shi, H; Wang, M; Chen, D L; Zheng, J Y; Li, M B; Wu, G S

    2015-05-01

    ABO-incompatible intestinal transplantation has rarely been performed due to poor patient outcomes. Herein we present a case of successful ABO-incompatible intestinal transplantation with a 2-year follow-up. A 16-year-old female with a history of extensive bowel resection received an ABO-incompatible living donor bowel graft from her father (blood type AB graft into a type A recipient). Posttransplant immunosuppression consisted of an initial anti-CD20, plasmapheresis/intravenous immunoglobulin before transplantation, followed by an anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) induction and splenectomy, and maintenance with tacrolimus and prednisone. Her postoperative course was remarkable for a single episode of rejection on day 14 which responded promptly to treatment with methyprednisolone and ATG. Three months after transplantation, the patient developed an abdominal abscess requiring open surgical drainage. No viral infections were encountered. Posttransplant anti-B antibody titers and anti-B7 donor-specific antibody levels remained low. At a 2-year follow-up, the patient showed a progressive weight gain of 5.0 kg. This case illustrates that ABO-incompatible living-related bowel transplantation is immunologically feasible and is associated with good outcomes for the recipient. The management of blood type antibodies and the use of adequate immunosuppression in the early period of the procedure may be the keys to the success of future cases.

  17. Study of 2 years follow-up of referral patients with abnormal Pap smear

    PubMed Central

    Behnamfar, Fariba; Zafarbakhsh, Azam; Allameh, Taj-Alsadat

    2015-01-01

    Background: Abnormal Pap smear consists of premalignant or malignant cervical lesions. Many of premalignant cervical lesions will never progress to invasive malignancy, or even may regress over the time. Thus, there is always a risk of overtreatment of patients with an abnormal Pap smear. A long-term follow-up of these patients can reveal final events associated with each subtype of abnormal Pap smear, and, therefore, help us to prevent unnecessary interventions. The aim of our study was to present 2 years follow-up of referral patients with abnormal Pap smear. Materials and Methods: A total of 334 consecutive women aged more than 16 who were referred with an abnormal Pap smear were entered into the study. Patients were followed with biannual Pap smear and annual colposcopy and biopsy for 2 years. Results: At baseline, the majority of patients with abnormal Pap smear were normal on colposcopy and biopsy (68% and 86%, respectively). Six months after first abnormal Pap smear majority of patients in each group showed a significant regress to normal or less invasive lesion (P < 0.001). Twelve patients (4%) had no change in Pap smear, whereas 313 (94%) had at least one stage improvement. Only nine (3%) patients had deteriorated Pap smear after 6 months. All 308 patients who underwent colposcopy and biopsy had normal Pap smear 24 months after the first abnormal Pap smear. Conclusion: Pap smear is associated with a high rate of false-positive results. In addition, the majority of low-grade cervical lesions can spontaneously regress. A long-term follow-up of a patient with abnormal Pap smear can help us to avoid needless interventions. PMID:26958048

  18. Workplace bullying and sleep difficulties: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Hansen, Ase Marie; Hogh, Annie; Garde, Anne Helene; Persson, Roger

    2014-04-01

    The aims of the present study were to investigate whether being subjected to bullying and witnessing bullying at the workplace was associated with concurrent sleep difficulties, whether frequently bullied/witnesses have more sleep difficulties than occasionally bullied/witnesses, and whether there were associations between being subjected to bullying or witnessing bullying at the workplace and subsequent sleep difficulties. A total of 3,382 respondents (67 % women and 33 % men) completed a baseline questionnaire about their psychosocial work environment and health. The overall response rate was 46 %. At follow-up 2 years later, 1671 of those responded to a second questionnaire (49 % of the 3,382 respondents at baseline). Sleep difficulties were measured in terms of disturbed sleep, awakening problems, and poor quality of sleep. Bullied persons and witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than those who were neither bullied nor witnesses to bullying at baseline. Frequently bullied/witnesses reported more sleep difficulties than respondents who were occasionally bullied or witnessing bullying at baseline. Further, odds ratios for subsequent sleep difficulties were increased among the occasionally bullied, but not among witnesses. However, the associations weakened when adjusting for sleep difficulties at baseline. Being subjected to occasional bullying at baseline was predictive of subsequent sleep difficulties. Witnessing bullying at baseline did not predict sleep difficulties at follow-up.

  19. Functional outcomes of proximal row carpectomy: 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Mandarano-Filho, Luiz Garcia; Campioto, Débora Schalge; Bezuti, Márcio Takey; Mazzer, Nilton; Barbieri, Cláudio Henrique

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE : To evaluate functional outcomes of patients submit-ted to proximal row carpectomy for the treatment of wrist arthri-tis METHODS : This is a retrospective study using wrist motion and grip strenght of patients diagnosed with Kienböck disease and scaphoid non-union surgically treated by this technique RESULTS : Eleven patients with 2-year follow-up were evaluated. Wrist motion (flexion, extension and ulnar deviation) and grip strength were significantly better from preoperative values. Ho-wever, no difference in radial deviation was observed in these patients CONCLUSION : Proximal row carpectomy provides an alternative option for treatment of wrist arthritis, resulting in better active range of motion and grip strength in the long run. Level of Evidence IV, Case Series. PMID:27057144

  20. Expression of Calcineurin Activity after Lung Transplantation: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Sanquer, Sylvia; Amrein, Catherine; Grenet, Dominique; Guillemain, Romain; Philippe, Bruno; Boussaud, Veronique; Herry, Laurence; Lena, Celine; Diouf, Alphonsine; Paunet, Michelle; Billaud, Eliane M.; Loriaux, Françoise; Jais, Jean-Philippe; Barouki, Robert; Stern, Marc

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this pharmacodynamic study was to longitudinally assess the activity of calcineurin during the first 2 years after lung transplantation. From March 2004 to October 2008, 107 patients were prospectively enrolled and their follow-up was performed until 2009. Calcineurin activity was measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells. We report that calcineurin activity was linked to both acute and chronic rejection. An optimal activity for calcineurin with two thresholds was defined, and we found that the risk of rejection was higher when the enzyme activity was above the upper threshold of 102 pmol/mg/min or below the lower threshold of 12 pmol/mg/min. In addition, we report that the occurrence of malignancies and viral infections was significantly higher in patients displaying very low levels of calcineurin activity. Taken together, these findings suggest that the measurement of calcineurin activity may provide useful information for the management of the prevention therapy of patients receiving lung transplantation. PMID:23536885

  1. Clinical outcomes and mortality after hip fracture: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Baudoin, C; Fardellone, P; Bean, K; Ostertag-Ezembe, A; Hervy, F

    1996-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the burden of hip fractures, which occurred in the French region of Picardie, in 1992, among 1103 women and 356 men, whether the fractures occurred at home or in a community (i.e., patients who depended on a collective service). The data are part of the PICAROS study, which was designed to assess prospectively the outcome of patients as judged by clinical, economical, and quality of life factors. Patients and/or proxies were questioned during the 2nd or 3rd week following the fracture, and again at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after the fracture. The survey was conducted by home interview. Recruitment criteria were: 1) all patients with a hip fracture as defined by the International Classification of Disease (ICD); 2) 20 years of age and over; 3) admitted to one of the 34 surgical units from the region, public and private, and had an operation or not. Patients with metastatic or myelomatous fractures or fractures on prothesis device were not included. For the present analysis, patients under 50 years of age were excluded. Among people aged 50 years and over, 3% of the general population lived in a community; 32% of hip fractures were from a community. Patients in a community, aged 60-69, had 15 times more risk of having a hip fracture than subjects of the same age at home. The excess risk decreased with age and stabilized over 85 years of age at two to threefold. During the 24 month follow-up, 394 women and 173 men died. Among those surviving, 87% were interviewed at 2 years. We analysed seven classes of complications, according to the ICD: (1) pressure sores and blisters; (2) pulmonary infections; (3) urinary infections; (4) surgical complications; (5) orthopedic complications; (6) thrombosis and embolisms; and (7) secondary hip fractures. Patients coming from a community had a higher risk of mortality, pressure sores, surgical complications, and pulmonary and urinary infections. From an economical perspective, the

  2. Radiographic alterations in short-stem total hip arthroplasty: a 2-year follow-up study of 216 cases.

    PubMed

    Kutzner, Karl P; Pfeil, Dominik; Kovacevic, Mark P; Rehbein, Philipp; Mai, Sabine; Siebert, Werner; Pfeil, Joachim

    2016-05-16

    In recent years a variety of short-stems have been introduced. Stable osteointegration is a key factor for a satisfactory long-term result. The purpose of this study was to evaluate postoperative radiological alterations and subsidence, as a result of using a newly developed device, over a 2-year follow-up. 216 short-stems were implanted in combination with a cementless cup. Patients were allowed full weight-bearing on the first day postoperatively. Pre- and postoperative x-rays were done using a standardised technique. Radiological alterations, such as bone resorption, radiolucency, osteolysis and cortical hypertrophy were detected and located using modified Gruen zones, and subsidence was measured via a conventional digital technique over a 2-year follow-up. In addition, Harris Hip Score (HHS), rest pain and load pain on the visual analogue scale (VAS) were assessed respectively. At 2-year follow-up 6 stems (2.9%) showed nonprogressive radiolucent lines with a maximum width of 2 mm. Resorption of femoral bone stock was detected in a total of 8 cases (3.9%). Femoral cortical hypertrophy was seen in a total of 9 hips (4.4%). No patient showed osteolysis. A measureable subsidence of at least 2 mm was observed in a total of 15.7% (32 cases) after 6 weeks, corresponding to an initial settlement given full weight-bearing ambulation. Only 1.1% (2 cases) showed further progression at the 6-month follow-up, whereas at the 1- and 2-year follow-ups no further subsidence was observed. After 2 years HHS was 98.1 (65.0-100.0), rest pain on the VAS was 0.2 (0.0-7.0) while load pain was 0.4 (0.0-7.0). The results of this radiographic analysis give support to the principle of using metaphyseal anchoring, calcar guided short-stems. The low incidence of bony alterations after a follow-up of 2 years indicates a physiological load distribution. After mild initial subsidence a stable osteointegration can be achieved over time.

  3. Preprosthetic mandibular vestibuloplasty with split-skin graft. A 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Hillerup, S

    1987-06-01

    17 patients with lower denture malfunction problems related to insufficient residual ridges had a vestibuloplasty with split-skin graft performed in the mandible under local analgesia on an out-patient basis. The patients were followed-up for 2 years and records of vestibular extension showed a maximum of relapse at the 1-month control (24%). Most of the lost extension was regained at the 6-month check, and the 2-year outcome was 92% of the surgically-created vestibular sulcus extension as a mean value of records obtained at the midline and canine regions. A comparison with a previous study on buccal mucosal graft vestibuloplasty led to the conclusion that free grafts of skin and buccal mucosa prevent a relapse equally well under the same circumstances. 13 patients were satisfied with the improvement achieved, 3 reported fair, and 1 was dissatisfied with the result of the operation. The split-skin graft underwent a change of appearance in 5 cases interpreted as a skin graft candidosis. Indication of this condition accelerating the residual ridge resorption is discussed.

  4. Coping of cancer patients during and after radiotherapy--a follow-up of 2 years.

    PubMed

    Sehlen, S; Song, R; Fahmüller, H; Herschbach, P; Lenk, M; Hollenhorst, H; Schymura, B; Aydemir, U; Dühmke, E

    2003-12-01

    We wanted to understand coping strategies specific to different phases up to two years after radiotherapy, to identify patients who are at higher risk of mood disturbances and to characterise the association between coping strategies and psychosocial adaptation. From 1997 to 2001, 2,169 patients with different diagnoses were screened (27.8% refused to participate). Data of 276 patients from the beginning of radiotherapy (ti1) and 5 follow-up investigations (ti6/2 years) could be analysed. With the FKV (Freiburg Questionnaire Coping with Disease) cancer-specific coping aspects were assessed. The association between coping styles and psychosocial adaptation was evaluated using the Questionnaire on Stress in Cancer Patients (QSC) and the questionnaire on Functional Assessment of Cancer Treatment (FACT-G). 'Active problem-orientated' coping and 'distractions' are the most important coping strategies. Only 'active problem-orientated' and 'depressive' coping showed a significant decrease. We observed higher means on the scales of the FKV in women. Marital status (single, married, divorced/widowed) had a significant influence on active problem-orientated coping and spirituality. Age, children, education, T/M status and curative/ palliative intention of treatment had no influence on coping styles. Breast cancer patients and lymphoma patients demonstrated the highest use of coping strategies after radiotherapy with a significant decrease of 'active problem-orientated coping'. Depressive coping and minimizing importance at ti1 were associated with high psychosocial distress and low quality of life (QoL) at ti6. The correlation of coping mechanisms at the beginning of radiotherapy with low QoL and high psychosocial stress at 2 years could help to identify patients at risk for low psychosocial adaptation. Psycho-oncologically trained teams of physicians would best correspond to this profile of needs and would contribute significantly to an ameliorated adaptation of patients to

  5. Medical students' research productivity and career preferences; a 2-year prospective follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Möller, Riitta; Shoshan, Maria

    2017-03-03

    Linking undergraduate medical education to scientific research is necessary for the quality of future health care, and students´ individual research projects are one way to do so. Assessment of the impact of such projects is of interest for both educational and research-oriented segments of medical schools. Here, we examined the scholarly products and medical students' career preferences 2 years after a mandatory research project course. A prospective cross-sectional questionnaire study. All 581 students registered on a 20-week research project course between September 2010 through September 2012 were e-mailed a questionnaire 2 years after completing the course. In total, 392 students (mean age 27 years; 60% females) responded (67% response rate). 59 students (15%) were co-authors on a scientific paper published in an international journal, 6 students had published in a national journal, and 57 students had co-authored a paper submitted for publication. Totally, 122 scientific papers had been submitted. Moreover, 67 (17%) students had given 107 oral or poster presentations nationally or internationally during the follow-up. Career-wise, 36 students (9%) had been registered as PhD students and an additional 127 students (34%) were planning to register. Those who did not plan doctoral studies were significantly older (p = 0.013) than those who did. However, 35% reported that they would in the coming 5 years prefer to work as clinicians only, and this group was significantly younger than those who envisaged participation in research. There were no significant gender differences. Approximately a third of the students had authored papers and/or public presentations, and a similar fraction had career plans involving a PhD degree. The results indicate that the project course had a positive impact on continued supervisor-student collaboration on a professional level, but also that strategies to encourage young doctors to perform clinical research may be needed.

  6. Ligneous conjunctivitis in a plasminogen-deficient dog: clinical management and 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Torres, María-Dolores; Leiva, Marta; Tabar, María-Dolores; Naranjo, Carolina; Pastor, Josep; Peña, Teresa

    2009-01-01

    A 1-year-old-female Yorkshire Terrier was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of the Autonomous University of Barcelona (VTH-UAB) (Spain) with a 6-month history of unilateral chronic proliferative conjunctivitis and intermittent vomiting and cough. Several medical and surgical treatment efforts to manage conjunctival lesions had resulted in no improvement of the clinical signs. Complete general and ophthalmic examinations revealed several proliferative 'wood-like' masses in the conjunctiva, oral cavity and an interscapular subcutaneous nodule. Conjunctival and buccal biopsies were performed as diagnostic procedures. A diagnosis of ligneous conjunctivitis was made on the basis of histopathology findings and clinical presentation. The only biochemical abnormalities found were severe proteinuria and low plasminogen activity in plasma. No other analytical abnormalities were observed. Topical treatment with heparin and anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive drugs have controlled the ophthalmological clinical signs. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of a dog with plasminogen deficiency and ligneous conjunctivitis with a long survival period and 2-year follow-up.

  7. Impact of involuntary out-patient commitment on reducing hospital services: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Castells-Aulet, Laura; Hernández-Viadel, Miguel; Jiménez-Martos, Jesús; Cañete-Nicolás, Carlos; Bellido-Rodríguez, Carmen; Calabuig-Crespo, Roman; Asensio-Pascual, Pedro; Lera-Calatayud, Guillem

    2015-08-01

    Aims and method To evaluate whether involuntary out-patient commitment (OPC) in patients with severe mental disorder reduces their use of hospital services. This is a retrospective case-control study comparing a group of patients on OPC (n = 75) and a control group (n = 75) which was composed of patients whose sociodemographic variables and clinical characteristics were similar to those of the OPC group. Each control case is paired with an OPC case, so the control case must have an involuntary admission in the month that the index OPC case admission occurred. Emergency room visits, admissions and average length of hospital stay over a 2-year follow-up after the initiation of OPC were compared. Results No statistically significant evidence was found in the use of mental healthcare services between the two groups. Different reasons for admission found between the groups limit similarity when comparing the two. Clinical implications The findings cast doubt over the effectiveness of this legal measure to reduce emergency visits, the number of admissions and the length of stay in the hospital.

  8. Lowest instrumented vertebra selection for Lenke 5C scoliosis: a minimum 2-year radiographical follow-up.

    PubMed

    Wang, Yu; Bünger, Cody Eric; Zhang, Yanqun; Wu, Chunsen; Li, Haisheng; Dahl, Benny; Hansen, Ebbe Stender

    2013-06-15

    A radiographical follow-up and analysis. To investigate the postoperative curve change in Lenke 5C scoliosis, and to discuss how to select lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV). 5C curves are relatively rare in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, and few studies have focused on this type of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Such questions as "How does the curve change over time in the postoperative period?" "Is LIV selection correlated with final correction and balance?" and "How should we select LIV for Lenke 5C curves?" need to be answered. We reviewed all the adolescent idiopathic scoliosis cases surgically treated in an institution from 2002 through 2008. Inclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients with Lenke 5C curves who were treated with selective lumbar fusion; (2) minimum 2-year radiographical follow-up.All image data were available and all measurements were performed in picture archiving and communication systems. Standing posteroanterior and lateral digital radiographs were reviewed at 4 junctures: preoperative, immediate postoperative, 3 months, and 2 years postoperatively. Thirty patients met the inclusion criteria. The following results were observed: (1) From the perspectives of both Cobb angle and vertebral translation, significant correction was achieved; (2) The correction obtained by surgery was well retained in the postoperative period; (3) Although preoperative spinal imbalance was common in this group of patients, the majority eventually attained balance at 2 years; (4) LIV selection was significantly correlated with the 2-year correction and balance; (5) In the literature as well as in this study, the overall preoperative LIV-center sacral vertical line distance is 28 mm and the overall preoperative LIV tilt is 25°. In Lenke 5C scoliosis, preoperative spinal imbalance is common, although the majority of patients attain balance at 2 years. Significant correction loss is not common in the postoperative period. LIV selection significantly

  9. Comprehensive study of back and leg pain improvements after adult spinal deformity surgery: analysis of 421 patients with 2-year follow-up and of the impact of the surgery on treatment satisfaction.

    PubMed

    Scheer, Justin K; Smith, Justin S; Clark, Aaron J; Lafage, Virginie; Kim, Han Jo; Rolston, John D; Eastlack, Robert; Hart, Robert A; Protopsaltis, Themistocles S; Kelly, Michael P; Kebaish, Khaled; Gupta, Munish; Klineberg, Eric; Hostin, Richard; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Schwab, Frank; Ames, Christopher P

    2015-05-01

    OBJECT Back and leg pain are the primary outcomes of adult spinal deformity (ASD) and predict patients' seeking of surgical management. The authors sought to characterize changes in back and leg pain after operative or nonoperative management of ASD. Outcomes were assessed according to pain severity, type of surgical procedure, Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-Schwab spine deformity class, and patient satisfaction. METHODS This study retrospectively reviewed data in a prospective multicenter database of ASD patients. Inclusion criteria were the following: age > 18 years and presence of spinal deformity as defined by a scoliosis Cobb angle ≥ 20°, sagittal vertical axis length ≥ 5 cm, pelvic tilt angle ≥ 25°, or thoracic kyphosis angle ≥ 60°. Patients were grouped into nonoperated and operated subcohorts and by the type of surgical procedure, spine SRS-Schwab deformity class, preoperative pain severity, and patient satisfaction. Numerical rating scale (NRS) scores of back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, physical component summary (PCS) scores of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, minimum clinically important differences (MCIDs), and substantial clinical benefits (SCBs) were assessed. RESULTS Patients in whom ASD had been operatively managed were 6 times more likely to have an improvement in back pain and 3 times more likely to have an improvement in leg pain than patients in whom ASD had been nonoperatively managed. Patients whose ASD had been managed nonoperatively were more likely to have their back or leg pain remain the same or worsen. The incidence of postoperative leg pain was 37.0% at 6 weeks postoperatively and 33.3% at the 2-year follow-up (FU). At the 2-year FU, among patients with any preoperative back or leg pain, 24.3% and 37.8% were free of back and leg pain, respectively, and among patients with severe (NRS scores of 7-10) preoperative back or leg pain, 21.0% and 32.8% were free of back and leg pain, respectively

  10. Conflict resolution patterns and longevity of adolescent romantic couples: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Shulman, Shmuel; Tuval-Mashiach, Rivka; Levran, Elisheva; Anbar, Shmuel

    2006-08-01

    This study examined the predictors of longevity among 40 late adolescent romantic couples (mean age males=17.71 years; mean age females=17.18 years). Subjects were given a revealed differences task where they were asked to solve their disagreements. The joint task was recorded, transcribed and analysed by two raters. At 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after this procedure, partners were contacted by telephone and asked whether their relationship was still intact. A cluster analysis was performed on couples' interaction indices and yielded three distinctive conflict resolution patterns. The Downplaying pattern was characterized by a high tendency to minimize the conflict. The relationships of the adolescents displaying this pattern stayed intact for a period of 9 months. Half of them were still together after 24 months. The adolescents displaying the Integrative pattern, which shows a good ability to negotiate differences tended to stay together over a period of 24 months. Those showing the Conflictive pattern, characterized by a confrontative interaction, were separated by the 3 months follow-up. Results are discussed within the context of developmental perspectives of conflict resolution tendencies and adolescent romance.

  11. Mineral trioxide aggregate and formocresol pulpotomy of primary teeth: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ansari, G; Ranjpour, M

    2010-05-01

    To compare the clinical and radiographic response of primary teeth to vital pulpotomy using mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) or formocresol (FC). A group of 17 children aged 4-9 were selected from those referred to the Paedodontic Department at Shahid Beheshti University, Dental School. Cases with at least two matching teeth were selected (40 teeth), showing signs of pulp involvement. A pulpotomy procedure was carried out in all cases with FC in control teeth whilst MTA was placed in experimental teeth. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed at 1-, 6-, 12- and 24-month recall. Statistical analysis using a Fischer exact test was performed on the data to determine significant differences between the groups. Overall, 22 second and 18 first primary molars were included. The gender ratio was one male to three female. No significant difference was found between the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the two groups at 6-, 12- and 24-month follow-up (P > 0.05). Internal resorption was seen significantly more often in FC cases after 12 months than MTA cases. Overall radiographic appearance of normal structures at 24th month was seen in more than 95% of the cases in MTA and 90% in the FC-treated group (P > 0.05). Mineral trioxide aggregate for pulp treatment of primary teeth can be considered a replacement for FC.

  12. Evaluation of laparoscopic skills: a 2-year follow-up during residency training

    PubMed Central

    Derossis, Anna M.; Antoniuk, Maureen; Fried, Gerald M.

    1999-01-01

    Objective To evaluate laparoscopic technical skill in surgical residents over a 2-year period. Design The laparoscopic technical skills of general surgical residents were evaluated using the MISTELS program. This provides an objective evaluation of laparoscopic skill, taking into account precision and speed. Setting Inanimate laparoscopic skills centre. Participants Ten general surgical residents (5 PGY1, 3 PGY2 and 2 PGY3 residents) who were required to complete 3 structured laparoscopic tasks. Outcome measures A composite score incorporating precision and timing was assigned to each task. The paired t-test was used to compare performance of each resident at the 2 levels of their residency training for each task. Linear regression analysis was used to correlate level of training and total score (sum of all tasks). Results Linear regression analysis demonstrated a highly significant correlation between level of training and total score (r = 0.82, p < 0.01). There was a significant increase in scores in the cutting and suturing task over the 2-year period (p < 0.01). Transferring skills did not improve significantly (p = 0.11). Conclusions Performance in the simulator improved over residency training and was correlated highly with postgraduate year. This simulator model is a valuable teaching tool for training and evaluation of basic laparoscopic tasks in laparoscopic surgery. PMID:10459330

  13. Efficacy and safety of tacrolimus compared with cyclosporin A microemulsion in renal transplantation: 2 year follow-up results.

    PubMed

    Krämer, Bernhard K; Montagnino, Giuseppe; Del Castillo, Domingo; Margreiter, Raimund; Sperschneider, Heide; Olbricht, Christoph J; Krüger, Bernd; Ortuño, Joaquín; Köhler, Hans; Kunzendorf, Ulrich; Stummvoll, Hans-Krister; Tabernero, Jose M; Mühlbacher, Ferdinand; Rivero, Manuel; Arias, Manuel

    2005-05-01

    Comparison studies of calcineurin inhibitors as cornerstone immunosuppressants in renal transplantation have demonstrated that tacrolimus consistently reduces acute rejection rates and, in some studies, also improves long-term renal outcome in comparison to cyclosporin A (CsA). The aim of the present 2 year follow-up of the European Tacrolimus vs Cyclosporin A Microemulsion Renal Transplantation Study was to investigate long-term clinical outcome in terms of rate of acute rejection, graft and patient survival and graft function. The European Tacrolimus vs Cyclosporin A Microemulsion Renal Transplantation Study was a randomized, comparative 6 month trial of the calcineurin inhibitors tacrolimus and CsA in combination with both azathioprine and steroids. The intent-to-treat population (ITT) consisted of 286 patients in the tacrolimus arm and 271 in the CsA microemulsion (CsA-ME) arm. Whereas whole blood level targets were 10-20 and 5-15 ng/ml for tacrolimus and 100-400 and 100-200 ng/ml for CsA during months 0-3 and 4-6, respectively, during the investigator-driven follow-up after termination of the main study (months 7-24) no specific calcineurin inhibitor target levels were required. Follow-up data were collected at 2 years post-transplantation from 237 (82.9% of the ITT population) patients who received tacrolimus and 222 (81.9% of the ITT population) patients who received CsA-ME. Calculated on ITT populations, mortality (2.0% vs 3.3%; P<0.05 in Kaplan-Meier analysis) was lower, but rate of graft loss (9.3% vs 11.2%; P = 0.12 in Kaplan-Meier analysis) was not significantly different after 2 years with tacrolimus- vs CsA-ME-based immunosuppression. Biopsy-proven acute rejection was significantly lower (19.6%) with tacrolimus than with CsA-ME (37.3%) during months 0-6 (P<0.0001), but was not significantly different during months 7-12 and 13-24 of follow-up (1.7% and 0.8% with tacrolimus and 4.7% and 0.9% with CsA-ME, respectively). A composite endpoint consisting of

  14. Analysis of the clinical effects of transforaminal endoscopic discectomy on lumbar disk herniation combined with common peroneal nerve paralysis: a 2-year follow-up retrospective study on 32 patients

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ya-peng; Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Jian; Sun, Ya-peng; An, Ji-long; Ding, Wen-yuan

    2017-01-01

    Background Very few studies have discussed transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (TED) in the treatment of common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by lumbar disk herniation (LDH). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of TED in the treatment of LDH combined with common peroneal nerve paralysis. Materials and methods The clinical and follow-up data of 32 patients with common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by LDH undergoing TED from March 2011 to April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Follow-up was conducted immediately after the surgery, as well as 3, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. The parameters (including muscle strength recovery of the anterior tibial muscle, leg pain visual analog scale score, neurological function Japanese Orthopaedic Association [JOA] score, MacNab scores in the last follow-up, and the intraoperative and postoperative complications) were recorded. Results Three patients (9.4%) had the anterior tibial muscle strength recovered to ≥ grade 4 immediately after the surgery. The anterior tibial muscle strength of patients recovered to basically stable form in the 6-month postoperative follow-up and that in the last follow-up were as follows: one case of grade 1, one case of grade 2, 28 cases of grade 4, and two cases of grade 5. The visual analog scale scores of leg pain were significantly reduced immediately after the surgery and also on 3, 12, and 24 months compared with preoperative period (all P<0.05). The postoperative JOA scores in the last follow-up were significantly higher than the preoperative JOA scores (P<0.05), and there were nine excellent cases (28.2%), 21 good cases (65.6%), one fair case (3.1%) and one poor case (3.1%) in the last follow-up, with an overall excellent and good rate of 93.8%. Conclusion TED, which can offer sufficient decompression of the nerve root, has excellent overall clinical effects in treating common peroneal nerve paralysis induced by LDH. PMID:28115870

  15. Multimodal imaging of central retinal disease progression in a 2 year mean follow up of Retinitis Pigmentosa

    PubMed Central

    Sujirakul, Tharikarn; Lin, Michael K.; Duong, Jimmy; Wei, Ying; Lopez-Pintado, Sara; Tsang, Stephen H.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To determine the rate of progression and optimal follow up time in patients with advanced stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comparing the use of fundus autofluorescence imaging and spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Design Retrospective analysis of progression rate. Methods Longitudinal imaging follow up in 71 patients with retinitis pigmentosa was studied using the main outcome measurements of hyperautofluoresent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter along with ellipsoid zone line width from spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Test-retest reliability and the rate of progression were calculated. The interaction between the progression rates was tested for sex, age, mode of inheritance, and baseline measurement size. Symmetry of left and right eye progression rate was also tested. Results Significant progression was observed in >75% of patients during the 2 year mean follow up. The mean annual progression rates of ellipsoid zone line, and hyperautofluorescent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter were 0.45° (4.9%), 0.51° (4.1%), and 0.42° (4.0%), respectively. The e llipsoid zone line width, and hyperautofluorescent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter had low test-retest variabilities of 8.9%, 9.5% and 9.6%, respectively. This study is the first to demonstrate asymmetrical structural progression rate between right and left eye, which was found in 19% of patients. The rate of progression was significantly slower as the disease approached the fovea, supporting the theory that RP progresses in an exponential fashion. No significant interaction between progression rate and patient age, sex, or mode of inheritance was observed. Conclusions Fundus autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography detect progression in patients with RP reliably and with strong correlation. These parameters may be useful alongside functional assessments as the outcome measurements for future therapeutic trials. Follow-up at 1 year

  16. Multimodal Imaging of Central Retinal Disease Progression in a 2-Year Mean Follow-up of Retinitis Pigmentosa.

    PubMed

    Sujirakul, Tharikarn; Lin, Michael K; Duong, Jimmy; Wei, Ying; Lopez-Pintado, Sara; Tsang, Stephen H

    2015-10-01

    To determine the rate of progression and optimal follow-up time in patients with advanced-stage retinitis pigmentosa (RP) comparing the use of fundus autofluorescence imaging and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Retrospective analysis of progression rate. Longitudinal imaging follow-up in 71 patients with retinitis pigmentosa was studied using the main outcome measurements of hyperautofluoresent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter along with ellipsoid zone line width from spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Test-retest reliability and the rate of progression were calculated. The interaction between the progression rates was tested for sex, age, mode of inheritance, and baseline measurement size. Symmetry of left and right eye progression rate was also tested. Significant progression was observed in >75% of patients during the 2-year mean follow-up. The mean annual progression rates of ellipsoid zone line and hyperautofluorescent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter were 0.45 degree (4.9%), 0.51 degree (4.1%), and 0.42 degree (4.0%), respectively. The ellipsoid zone line width and hyperautofluorescent ring horizontal diameter and vertical diameter had low test-retest variabilities of 8.9%, 9.5%, and 9.6%, respectively. This study is the first to demonstrate asymmetrical structural progression rate between right and left eye, which was found in 19% of patients. The rate of progression was significantly slower as the disease approached the fovea, supporting the theory that RP progresses in an exponential fashion. No significant interaction between progression rate and patient age, sex, or mode of inheritance was observed. Fundus autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography detect progression in patients with RP reliably and with strong correlation. These parameters may be useful alongside functional assessments as the outcome measurements for future therapeutic trials. Follow-up at 1-year intervals should be adequate to

  17. Battered Women's Process of Leaving: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Chris; Trangsrud, Heather B.; Linnemeyer, Rachel M.

    2009-01-01

    This study is a follow-up investigation of the career and life experiences of battered women two years after shelter exit. Using consensual qualitative research, we interviewed 6 women from our original sample of 13 regarding their career and life adjustments and future aspirations. Results indicated that participants generally reported both…

  18. Effectiveness and Persistence of Liraglutide Treatment Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Treated in Primary Care and Specialist Settings: A Subgroup Analysis from the EVIDENCE Study, a Prospective, 2-Year Follow-up, Observational, Post-Marketing Study.

    PubMed

    Martinez, Luc; Penfornis, Alfred; Gautier, Jean-Francois; Eschwège, Eveline; Charpentier, Guillaume; Bouzidi, Amira; Gourdy, Pierre

    2017-03-01

    The objective of this subgroup analysis is to investigate the effectiveness of liraglutide in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated within the primary care physician (PCP) and specialist care settings. EVIDENCE is a prospective, observational study of 3152 adults with T2D recently starting or about to start liraglutide treatment in France. We followed patients in the PCP and specialist settings for 2 years to evaluate the effectiveness of liraglutide in glycemic control and body weight reduction. Furthermore, we evaluated the changes in combined antihyperglycemic treatments, the reasons for prescribing liraglutide, patient satisfaction, and safety of liraglutide in these two treatment settings. After 2 years of follow-up, 477 out of 1209 (39.0%) of PCP and 297 out of 1398 (21.2%) of specialist-treated patients still used liraglutide and maintained the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) target of <7.0%. Significant reductions from baseline were observed in both PCP- and specialist-treated cohorts in mean HbA1c (-1.22% and -0.8%, respectively), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentration (-39 and -23 mg/dL), body weight (-4.4 and -3.8 kg), and body mass index (BMI) (-1.5 and -1.4 kg/m(2)), all p < 0.0001. Reductions in HbA1c and FPG were significantly greater among PCP- compared with specialist-treated patients, p < 0.0001 for both. Patient treatment satisfaction was also significantly increased in both cohorts. Reported gastrointestinal adverse events were less frequent among PCP-treated patients compared with specialist-treated patients (4.5% vs. 16.1%). Despite differences in demography and clinical characteristics of patients treated for T2D in PCP and specialty care, greater reduction in HbA1c and increased glycemic control durability were observed with liraglutide in primary care, compared with specialist care. These data suggest that liraglutide treatment could benefit patients in primary care by delaying the need for further treatment intensification

  19. Prevalence and comorbidity of eating disorders among a community sample of adolescents: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Rojo-Moreno, Luis; Arribas, Pilar; Plumed, Javier; Gimeno, Natalia; García-Blanco, Ana; Vaz-Leal, Francisco; Luisa Vila, María; Livianos, Lorenzo

    2015-05-30

    The previous literature about comorbidity between eating disorders (ED) and other DSM-IV psychiatric disorders in adolescence has employed cross-sectional studies with clinical samples, where the comorbid disorders were diagnosed retrospectively. The present study aims to overcome these limitations by the analysis of comorbidity in a community population during 2-year follow-up. A semi-structured interview was applied to a teenager sample. Firstly, a cross-sectional and non-randomized study on psychiatric morbidity was conducted with 993 teenagers between the ages of 12 and 16 from five schools. Secondly, 326 students between 14 and 17 years old of one school were reassessed 2 years later in order to detect ED new cases and find associations with previous psychiatric disorders. The ED prevalence was 3.6%. Cross-sectional analysis revealed that 62.9% of individuals with an ED had comorbid disorders: anxiety disorders (51.4%), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (31.4%), oppositional defiant disorder (11.4%), and obsessive compulsive disorder (8.6%). Prospective longitudinal analysis showed an ED incidence rate of 2.76% over the course of 2 years. 22.2% of new cases had received previous psychiatric diagnoses, of which all were anxiety disorders. Thus, ED exhibited a high comorbidity rate among adolescent populations and anxiety disorders were the most common comorbid diagnosis.

  20. Causes of mortality in drunkenness offenders followed-up for 2 years.

    PubMed

    Makanjuola, J D

    1992-01-01

    Causes of death in 8 of 235 drunkenness offenders each followed up for two years, have been described. The subjects followed up were a heterogenous population of alcohol abusers. The majority were alcohol dependent irregular heavy drinkers. The main causes of death were suicide, road traffic accident, domestic accident, liver cirrhosis, hypothermia (from exposure) and ischaemic heart disease. More than one cause of death was listed in all cases. Chronic alcoholism was frequently listed. Depression was another sub-ordinate cause of death. The overall observed rate of mortality was 30 times the expected rate which was many times higher than those reported by earlier workers for alcoholics generally. These findings were discussed and it was concluded that drunkenness offenders are a particular at risk sub group of alcoholics. In view of the appreciable post mortem blood alcohol levels, it was further concluded that chronic alcoholism and the actual state of being drunk were the two major causes of death in this group of alcohol abusers.

  1. Reduced prepulse inhibition in adolescents at risk for psychosis: a 2-year follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    Ziermans, Tim; Schothorst, Patricia; Magnée, Maurice; van Engeland, Herman; Kemner, Chantal

    2011-01-01

    Background Reduced prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the auditory startle reflex is a hallmark feature of attention-processing deficits in patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Recent evidence suggests that these deficits may also be present before the onset of psychosis in individuals at ultra-high risk (UHR) and become progressively worse as psychosis develops. We conducted a longitudinal follow-up study to observe the development of PPI over time in UHR adolescents and healthy controls. Methods Two-year follow-up data of PPI measures were compared between UHR adolescents and a matched control group of typically developing individuals. Results We included 42 UHR adolescents and 32 matched controls in our study. Compared with controls, UHR individuals showed reduced PPI at both assessments. Clinical improvement in UHR individuals was associated with an increase in PPI parameters. Limitations A developmental increase in startle magnitude partially confined the interpretation of the association between clinical status and PPI. Furthermore, post hoc analyses for UHR individuals who became psychotic between assessments had limited power owing to a low transition rate (14%). Conclusion Deficits in PPI are present before the onset of psychosis and represent a stable vulnerability marker over time in UHR individuals. The magnitude of this marker may partially depend on the severity of clinical symptoms. PMID:21266126

  2. Psychiatric disorders associated with alcoholism: 2 year follow-up of treatment.

    PubMed

    Sánchez-Peña, Jorge F; Alvarez-Cotoli, Paloma; Rodríguez-Solano, José J

    2012-01-01

    Alcoholics show high rates of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders. It is known that women are more likely to have psychiatric comorbidity than men. Existence of comorbidity in alcoholism implies a worse prognosis in the disease evolution. Treatment becomes more complex because these patients have more physical, psychological, familial and social problems than alcoholics without comorbidity. This two-year treatment follow-up study has aimed to assess the evolution of a group of patients who have a psychiatric disorder associated with alcoholism. We selected 100 patients enrolled in the alcohol program, with psychiatric disorder associated with “Harmful Use of Alcohol” or “Alcohol Dependence Syndrome” (ICD-10). This population was compared with a control sample consisting of 284 alcoholic patients without associated psychiatric disorders. The percentage of women with psychiatric disorder associated with alcoholism is 47% (almost 1/1 in relation to men), significantly higher than the 10.56% of the control sample. Psychiatric disorders most frequently associated with alcoholism are personality disorders (30%), adjustment disorders (24%), depressive disorders (22%), and anxiety disorders (18%). In schizophrenic patients, the rate of alcoholism is 11% and in bipolar disorders 9%. After two years of follow up, it was found that 28% of the patients with psychiatric disorders associated with alcoholism were in abstinence compared to 41.90% of the control sample. Therefore, there is evidence of a worse outcome of patients suffering from a dual diagnosis.

  3. Prospective observation of a new bioactive luting cement: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Jefferies, Steven R; Pameijer, Cornelis H; Appleby, David C; Boston, Daniel; Galbraith, Colin; Lööf, Jesper; Glantz, Per-Olof

    2012-01-01

    A pilot study was conducted to determine the 2-year clinical performance of a new bioactive dental cement (Ceramir C&B, formerly XeraCem) for permanent cementation. The cement used in this study is a new formulation class, a hybrid material comprising calcium aluminate and glass ionomer. Thirty-eight crowns and fixed partial denture (FPD) abutments were cemented in 17 patients. Thirty-one of the abutment teeth were vital, 7 nonvital. Six reconstructions were FPDs comprising 14 abutment teeth (12 vital/2 nonvital). A two-unit fixed splint was also included. Preparation parameters and cement characteristics (dispensing, working time, seating characteristics, ease of cement removal) were recorded. Baseline and postcementation data were recorded for marginal integrity, marginal discoloration, secondary caries, retention, and gingival inflammation. Tooth sensitivity was assessed at pre- and postcementation time points using categorical and visual analogue scale (VAS) assessment measures. Mixing of the cement was reported as "easy." Clinical working time for this cement was deemed acceptable. Assessment of seating characteristics indicated all restorations were seated completely after cementation. Cement removal was determined to be "easy." Fifteen of 17 subjects were available for 1-year recall examination; 13 patients were available for the 2-year recall examination. Restorations at 2-year recall examination included 17 single-unit, full-coverage crown restorations, four 3-unit FPDs comprising 8 abutments, and one 2-unit splint. No retentive failures or sensitivity were recorded at 2-year recall. Marginal integrities of all restorations/abutments at 2 years were rated in the "alpha" category. Average VAS score for tooth sensitivity decreased from 7.63 mm at baseline to 0.44 mm at 6-month recall, 0.20 mm at 1-year recall, and 0.00 mm at 2-year recall. The average gingival index score for gingival inflammation decreased from 0.56 at baseline to 0.11 at 6-month recall

  4. 49 CFR 219.211 - Analysis and follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Analysis and follow-up. 219.211 Section 219.211... Analysis and follow-up. (a) The laboratory designated in appendix B to this part undertakes prompt analysis... notification of the results of the toxicological analysis, any provision of collective bargaining...

  5. 49 CFR 219.211 - Analysis and follow-up.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Analysis and follow-up. 219.211 Section 219.211... Analysis and follow-up. (a) The laboratory designated in appendix B to this part undertakes prompt analysis... notification of the results of the toxicological analysis, any provision of collective bargaining...

  6. Changing Network Support for Drinking: Network Support Project 2-Year Follow-up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise; Petry, Nancy M.

    2009-01-01

    The Network Support Project was designed to determine whether a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports 2-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol-dependent men and women (N = 210) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 outpatient treatment conditions:…

  7. Changing Network Support for Drinking: Network Support Project 2-Year Follow-up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Litt, Mark D.; Kadden, Ronald M.; Kabela-Cormier, Elise; Petry, Nancy M.

    2009-01-01

    The Network Support Project was designed to determine whether a treatment could lead patients to change their social network from one that supports drinking to one that supports sobriety. This study reports 2-year posttreatment outcomes. Alcohol-dependent men and women (N = 210) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 outpatient treatment conditions:…

  8. Methadone treatment for opiate dependent patients in general practice and specialist clinic settings: Outcomes at 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Gossop, Michael; Stewart, Duncan; Browne, Nadine; Marsden, John

    2003-06-01

    Few studies have investigated methadone treatment of opiate dependent patients in primary health care settings. Using a prospective cohort design, the study investigated outcomes at 1 and 2 years for 240 patients treated by general practitioners (n = 79) or drug clinics (n = 161) at sites across England. Mean daily methadone dose for both groups was 50 mg. Reductions in illicit drug use, injecting, sharing injecting equipment, psychological and physical health problems, and crime, were found in both groups at follow-up. Patients treated in general practitioner (GP) settings reported less frequent benzodiazepine and stimulant use, and fewer psychological health problems at follow-up. Alcohol use outcomes were poor for both groups. Differences in treatment practices were found for GPs and clinics. Results show substantial reductions in a range of problems behaviours, among unselected samples of opiate dependent patients treated in GP and in clinic settings, which are sustained to 1-year and 2-year follow-up.

  9. Temporal Stability of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptom Dimensions in an Undergraduate Sample: A Prospective 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fullana, Miquel A.; Tortella-Feliu, Miquel; Caseras, Xavier; Taberner, Joan; Torrubia, Rafael; Mataix-Cols, David

    2007-01-01

    The temporal stability of obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions was studied in a nonclinical student sample. The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory--Revised was administered twice to 132 undergraduate students during a 2-year period. There were no significant changes in symptom dimension scores between the baseline and follow-up, except for the…

  10. Health related quality of life in renal transplantation: 2 years of longitudinal follow-up.

    PubMed

    Costa-Requena, Gema; Cantarell, M Carmen; Moreso, Francesc; Parramon, Gemma; Seron, Daniel

    2017-08-10

    Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is recognized as an outcome measure in kidney transplantation. In this study was assessed changes on HRQoL and kidney-specific symptoms, also was evaluated the effect of socio-demographic and clinical parameters on patient's perceived HRQoL. A longitudinal study was done, at 5 time-points over 2 years after transplantation. To evaluate HRQoL the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire Short Form was administrated, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to assess psychological distress. At 6-months after transplantation, patients had similar HRQoL scores compared to the general population. The improvement on effects of kidney disease domain could be considered as large (η(2)=0.29), and medium on burden of kidney disease domain (η(2)=0.12), work status domain (η(2)=0.12), and sexual function domain (η(2)=0.13). Psychological distress, depressive symptoms, haemoglobin, and serum creatinine had significant influence on patient's perceived HRQoL over 2 years after transplantation. An improvement of HRQoL was observed on general and specific-targeted symptoms over 2 years after renal transplantation. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. Involvement in bullying and suicidal ideation in middle adolescence: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Heikkilä, Hanna-Kaisa; Väänänen, Juha; Helminen, Mika; Fröjd, Sari; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu

    2013-02-01

    The objective of the study was to ascertain whether involvement in bullying increases the risk for subsequent suicidal ideation. A total of 2,070 Finnish girls and boys aged 15 were surveyed in the ninth grade (age 15) in schools, and followed up 2 years later in the Adolescent Mental Health Cohort Study. Involvement in bullying was elicited at age 15 by two questions focusing on being a bully and being a victim of bullying. Suicidal ideation was elicited by one item of the short Beck Depression Inventory at age 17. Baseline depressive symptoms and externalizing symptoms, age and sex were controlled for. Statistical analyses were carried out using cross-tabulations with Chi-square/Fisher's exact test and logistic regression. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was 3-4 times more prevalent among those who had been involved in bullying at age 15 than among those not involved. Suicidal ideation at age 17 was most prevalent among former victims of bullying. Being a victim of bullying at age 15 continued to predict subsequent suicidal ideation when depressive and externalizing symptoms were controlled for. Being a bully at age 15 also persisted as borderline significantly predictive of suicidal ideation when baseline symptoms were controlled for. Findings indicate adolescent victims and perpetrators of bullying alike are at long-term risk for suicidal ideation.

  12. Inpatient rehabilitation for hip or knee osteoarthritis: 2 year follow up study

    PubMed Central

    Weigl, M; Angst, F; Stucki, G; Lehmann, S; Aeschlimann, A

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To examine the course of pain, physical function, and other health dimensions after a comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation intervention in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee. Methods: An observational, prospective cohort study with assessments at baseline (entry into clinic), 1 (discharge from inpatient rehabilitation), 3, 6, 9, 12, and 24 months after baseline. Consecutively referred patients to an inpatient rehabilitation centre fulfilling the inclusion criteria were studied. 3–4 week comprehensive rehabilitation intervention, including strengthening exercise, flexibility training, endurance training, relaxation strategies, and consultations for preventive measures, was carried out. Individual home rehabilitation programmes were taught. Generic health status was measured using the SF-36, condition specific health was measured with the WOMAC questionnaire. Effects were analysed with sensitivity statistics (effect size, ES) and non-parametric tests. Results: Data from 128 patients with complete follow up data were analysed. Both pain and physical function improved moderately (WOMAC pain: ES = 0.56, WOMAC function ES = 0.44) until discharge. Although the effect in pain reduction remained significant by month 24 (WOMAC: ES = 0.26), physical function deteriorated close to baseline values after 12 months. Conclusions: Comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation of patients with OA of the hip or knee may improve pain and physical function in the mid-term, and pain in the long term. PMID:15020328

  13. Comparative evaluation of formocresol and mineral trioxide aggregate in pulpotomized primary molars--2 year follow up.

    PubMed

    Airen, Priyanka; Shigli, Anand; Airen, Bhuvnesh

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to clinically and radiographically evaluate Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) as an agent for pulpotomy in primary teeth and to compare it with that of Formocresol (FC) pulpotomy. Seventy first and second primary mandibular molars of children were chosen on patients who required minimum two pulpotomies in either arch or same arch. After the standardized technique of Pulpotomy with MTA and Formocresol, all molars were treated with a thick mix of Zinc oxide Eugenol cement into the coronal pulp chamber followed by preformed stainless steel crown. The children were followed up for clinical and radio graphical examination after 6, 12 and 24 month for Pain, Swelling, Sinus/fistula, Periapical changes, Furcation radiolucency and internal resorption. MTA represents 97% clinical success rate in comparison to Formocresol with 85% success. Radiographically also MTA showed more promising results with 88.6% success in comparison to Formocresol with 54.3%. Thus, MTA pulpotomy has emerged as an easier line of treatment to save the premature loss of primary teeth due to caries or trauma.

  14. Recovery of executive skills following paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI): a 2 year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Anderson, V; Catroppa, C

    2005-06-01

    Disruptions to executive function (EF) may occur as a result of traumatic brain injury (TBI), in the context of direct damage to frontal regions or in association with disruption of connections between these areas and other brain regions. Little investigation of EF has occurred following TBI during childhood and there is little evidence of possible recovery trajectories in the years post-injury. The present study aimed to (i) examine whether a dose-response relationship exists between injury severity and EF; (ii) document recovery of EF in the 2 years post-injury and (iii) determine any additional predictors of outcome in the domain of EF. The study employed a prospective, longitudinal design, with participants recruited at time of injury and followed over a 2-year period. The study examined EF in a group of 69 children who had sustained a mild, moderate or severe TBI. Four components of EF were assessed: (i) attentional control; (ii) planning, goal setting and problem solving; (iii) cognitive flexibility; and (iv) abstract reasoning. Results showed that, while children with severe TBI performed most poorly during the acute stage post-injury, they exhibited greatest recovery of EF over a 24-month period. Regardless, functional deficits remained most severe for this group 2 years post-injury. Results demonstrated the multi-dimensional nature of EF and the differential recovery of skills, following childhood TBI. Pre-injury ability and age at injury were identified as significant predictors of EF and functional skills. Children sustaining severe TBI at a young age are particularly vulnerable to impairments in EF. While these difficulties do show some recovery with time since injury, long-term deficits remain and may impact on ongoing development.

  15. Transient neutropenia in children with febrile illness and associated infectious agents: 2 years' follow-up.

    PubMed

    Alexandropoulou, Ourania; Kossiva, Lydia; Haliotis, Fotis; Giannaki, Maria; Tsolia, Maria; Panagiotou, I P; Karavanaki, Kyriaki

    2013-06-01

    The aim of the study was to identify the relationship of acquired neutropenia with childhood infections and to assess its clinical course, complications, and outcome. Children admitted to two pediatric wards over a 4-year period with febrile neutropenia were prospectively investigated for underlying infections with inflammatory markers, cultures of body fluids, and serological tests. The study included 161 previously healthy children with febrile neutropenia/leukopenia aged (mean ± SD) 3.02 ± 3.86 years (range, 0.1-14). One hundred and thirty-six out of 161 patients (84.5 %) had transient neutropenia (TN), while in 25 patients, neutropenia was chronic (CN) and persisted for ≥180 days. An infectious agent was isolated in 98/161 (60.9 %) cases, in 68.4 % patients with TN, and in 20 % of those with CN (p = 0.001). Among the patients with CN, seven had positive antineutrophil antibodies (autoimmune neutropenia) and four were eventually diagnosed with hematological malignancy. In all age groups, TN was of short duration (<1 month), of mild to moderate severity, and was predominantly associated with viral infections. Two years after diagnosis, 143/161 children (88.8 %) were available for follow-up. One hundred and thirty-seven of 143 (95.8 %) had recovered completely, while the rest remained neutropenic. The latter patients had a benign course despite severe neutropenia. In conclusion, febrile neutropenia during childhood is usually transient, often following viral and common bacterial infections, without serious complications and in the majority of cases it resolves spontaneously. However, in a considerable percentage of patients, neutropenia is discovered incidentally during the course of an infection on the ground of an underlying hematological disease.

  16. Workplace bullying and sickness presenteeism: cross-sectional and prospective associations in a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Conway, Paul Maurice; Clausen, Thomas; Hansen, Åse Marie; Hogh, Annie

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate exposure to workplace bullying as a potential risk factor for sickness presenteeism (SP), i.e. working while ill. This study is based on data collected through self-reported questionnaires in a 2-year prospective study on employees in Denmark. At baseline, 3363 employees (45.7 % response rate) answered to a questionnaire on their psychosocial work environment and health status. After 2 years, 1664 of the respondents also completed a follow-up questionnaire (49.5 % of the total baseline respondents). After excluding participants with missing values, the final samples were composed of 2865 and 1331 participants in the cross-sectional and prospective analyses, respectively. Modified poisson regression analyses showed that frequent (i.e. daily or weekly) exposure to workplace bullying was associated with reporting 8 or more days of SP in the preceding year in both the cross-sectional and the prospective analysis, also when controlling for several confounders including health-related variables. However, the prospective relationship became non-significant after adjustment for baseline SP. This study provides indications of a significant relationship between exposure to frequent workplace bullying and SP, although causal connections could not be established. Methodological and theoretical considerations about study findings are provided, which could be of benefit to future studies examining the impact of being a target of workplace bullying on SP.

  17. Higher ambulatory blood pressure relates to new cerebral microbleeds: 2-year follow-up study in lacunar stroke patients.

    PubMed

    Klarenbeek, Pim; van Oostenbrugge, Robert J; Rouhl, Rob P W; Knottnerus, Iris L H; Staals, Julie

    2013-04-01

    Elevated blood pressure (BP) is associated with the presence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in cross-sectional studies. However, longitudinal studies did not show a convincing relationship. We aimed to determine the association between elevated BP levels and the occurrence of new CMBs after a 2-year follow-up in first-ever lacunar stroke patients using ambulatory BP monitoring. Ninety-six first-ever lacunar stroke patients underwent brain MRI and ambulatory BP monitoring at baseline and after 2-year follow-up. We used logistic regression analyses to assess the association of BP levels with new CMBs. We found new CMBs in 17 patients (18%). Higher 24-hour, day and night systolic BP (odds ratio, 2.69; 95% confidence interval, 1.40-5.21 per SD increase for 24-hour BP) and diastolic BP (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-3.90 per SD increase for 24-hour BP) at baseline were associated with the development of new CMBs independent of age and sex. BP levels decreased during follow-up in both patients with and without new CMBs. Unlike BP levels at baseline, there was no difference in BP levels at follow-up between patients with and without new CMBs. Both higher systolic and diastolic BP levels were associated with the development of new CMBs in a population of lacunar stroke patients. Decrease of BP levels during follow-up did not halt progression of CMBs; however, it remains to be determined whether (early) intervention with antihypertensive drugs can slow down progression of CMBs.

  18. The favorable effect of topical betaxolol and timolol on glaucomatous visual fields: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Vainio-Jylhä, E; Vuori, M L

    1999-02-01

    It has been suggested that beta-adrenergic antagonists might have mechanisms of action other than ocular hypotensive effects affecting the visual function in glaucoma patients and that betaxolol might protect the visual field better than others. A randomized, double-blind study was conducted to compare the effects of betaxolol and timolol on visual fields of glaucoma patients. Sixty-four glaucoma patients were treated with either 0.5% betaxolol or 0.25% timolol eyedrops twice daily. The Octopus visual field performance was followed up for 2 years and analyzed to find diffuse and localized changes. We analyzed the change in the mean sensitivity (MS) and performed a cluster analysis and clinical assessment of the visual fields in both treatment groups. The mean sensitivity (MS) improved significantly and equally in both treatment groups. There was a tendency towards more improved clusters in the betaxolol group than in the timolol group and more worsened cluster in the timolol group than in the betaxolol group, but the difference was not statistically significant. The clinical assessment also showed no statistically significant difference between the two groups. In the present study both betaxolol and timolol had a favorable effect on the visual fields of glaucoma patients. There was no statistically significant difference between betaxolol- and timolol-treated patients either in the change in mean retinal sensitivity or in the change in localized scotomatous areas.

  19. Risk Factors of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis after Multilevel Fusion Surgery: More Than 2 Years Follow-Up Data

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Do Keun; Kim, Ji Yong; Kim, Do Yeon; Rhim, Seung Chul; Yoon, Seung Hwan

    2017-01-01

    Objective Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is radiologic finding, and is defined as kyphosis of >10° at the proximal end of a construct. The aim of this study is to identify factors associated with PJK after segmental spinal instrumented fusion in adults with spinal deformity with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Methods A total of 49 cases of adult spinal deformity treated by segmental spinal instrumented fusion at two university hospitals from 2004 to 2011 were enrolled in this study. All enrolled cases included at least 4 or more levels from L5 or the sacral level. The patients were divided into two groups based on the presence of PJK during follow-up, and these two groups were compared to identify factors related to PJK. Results PJK was observed in 16 of the 49 cases. Age, sex and mean follow-up duration were not statistically different between two groups. However, mean bone marrow density (BMD) and mean back muscle volume at the T10 to L2 level was significantly lower in the PJK group. Preoperatively, the distance between the C7 plumb line and uppermost instrumented vertebra (UIV) were no different in the two groups, but at final follow-up a significant intergroup difference was observed. Interestingly, spinal instrumentation factors, such as, receipt of a revision operation, the use of a cross-link, and screw fracture were no different in the two groups at final follow-up. Conclusion Preoperative BMD, sagittal imbalance at UIV, and thoracolumbar muscle volume were found to be strongly associated with the presence of PJK. PMID:28264237

  20. How Satisfied Are Patients with Arthroscopic Bankart Repair? A 2-Year Follow-up on Quality-of-Life Outcome.

    PubMed

    Saier, Tim; Plath, Johannes E; Waibel, Sabrina; Minzlaff, Philipp; Feucht, Matthias J; Herschbach, Peter; Imhoff, Andreas B; Braun, Sepp

    2017-06-29

    To report general life and health satisfaction after arthroscopic Bankart repair in patients with post-traumatic recurrent anterior glenohumeral instability and to investigate postoperative time lost to return to work at 2-year follow-up. Between 2011 and 2013 patients treated with arthroscopic Bankart repair in the beach chair position for acute shoulder instability were included in this study. Questions on Life Satisfaction Modules (FLZ(M)) and the Short Form 12 (SF-12) were used as quality-of-life outcome scales. Oxford Instability Score (OIS), Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire (QuickDASH), and self-reported American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) shoulder index were used as functional outcome scales. Return to work (months) was monitored and analyzed depending on physical workload. Data were assessed the day before surgery and prospectively monitored until 24 months postoperatively. Quality-of-life outcome was correlated with functional shoulder outcome and compared with normative age-adjusted data. Paired t-test, Wilcoxon test, Mann-Whitney U-Test, and Spearman's correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis. Fifty-three patients were prospectively included. The mean age at surgery was 29.4 years. Satisfaction with general life and satisfaction with health (FLZ(M)) as well as physical component scale (SF-12) improved significantly to values above normative data within 6 to 12 months after surgery (each P < .001). OIS, QuickDASH, and ASES improved significantly from baseline until 24 months after surgery (each P < .001). For ASES, improvement above minimal clinically important difference was shown. There was a positive correlation between quality of life and functional outcome scores (P < .05; rho, 0.3-0.4). Mean time to return to work was 2 months (range, 0-10; standard deviation, 1.9), with significantly longer time intervals observed in patients with heavy physical workload (3.1 months; range, 0 to 10

  1. Influence of anterior cervical plate design on Dysphagia: a 2-year prospective longitudinal follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Michael J; Bazaz, Raj; Furey, Christopher G; Yoo, Jung

    2005-10-01

    To compare the incidence, prevalence, and rate of improvement of dysphagia in patients undergoing anterior cervical spine surgery with two different anterior instrumentation designs. The study subjects were 156 consecutive patients undergoing anterior cervical spine surgery with plate fixation. We compared the incidence of dysphagia among the two different plate groups both produced by the same manufacturer (Medtronic Danek); the Atlantis plate has thicker and wider plate dimensions than the Zephir plate. Dysphagia evaluations were performed prospectively by telephone interviews at 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months following the procedure. Risk factors such as gender, revision surgery, and number of surgical levels were compared between the groups and were not statistically different. Overall incidences of dysphagia were 49%, 37%, 20%, 15.4%, and 11% at 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively. Severe and disabling dysphagia is reported to be a relatively uncommon complication of anterior cervical surgery. However, a significant number of patients report mild to moderate discomfort including double-swallowing and catching sensation. Except at the 2-month follow-up point, the Atlantis plate group had higher incidences of dysphagia than the Zephir group at all time points (57% vs 50%, 36% vs 4%, 23% vs 14%, 17% vs 7%, 14% vs 0% at 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively). The Atlantis plate group had a 14% incidence of dysphagia at 2 years compared with the Zephir group, which had a 0% incidence at 2 years (P < 0.04). For primary surgeries, there was a higher incidence of dysphagia at all time points in the Atlantis group when compared with the Zephir group (58% vs 43%, 35% vs 30%, 22% vs 10%, 17% vs 0%, and 13% vs 0% at 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 months, respectively) (P < 0.04 at 1 year). A regression analysis was performed. The resulting formulas predict the permanent rate of dysphagia for the Atlantis group is 13.6% and for the Zephir group is 3.58%. The use of a smaller and

  2. Quality of life after laparoscopic gastric banding: Prospective study (152 cases) with a follow-up of 2 years.

    PubMed

    Champault, Axèle; Duwat, Olivier; Polliand, Claude; Rizk, Nabil; Champault, Gérard G

    2006-06-01

    To evaluate influence of laparoscopic gastric banding (LGB) on quality of life (QOL) in patients with morbid obesity. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a popular bariatric operation in Europe. The objectives of surgical therapy in patients with morbid obesity are reduction of body weight, and a positive influence on the obesity-related comorbidity as well the concomitant psychologic and social restrictions of these patients. In a prospective clinical trial, development of the individual patient QOL was analyzed, after LGB in patients with morbid obesity. From October 1999 to January 2001, 152 patients [119 women, 33 men, mean age 38.4 y (range 24 to 62), mean body mass index 44.3 (range 38 to 63)] underwent evaluation for LGB according the following protocol: history of obesity; concise counseling of patients and relative on nonsurgical treatment alternatives, risk of surgery, psychologic testing, questionnaire for eating habits, necessity of lifestyle change after surgery; medical evaluation including endocrinologic and nutritionist work-up, upper GI endoscopy, evaluation of QOL using the Gastro Intestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). Decision for surgery was a multidisciplinary consensus. This group was follow-up at least 2 years, focusing on weight loss and QOL. Mean operative time was 82 minutes; mean hospital stay was 2.3 days and the mean follow-up period was 34 months. The BMI dropped from 44.3 to 29.6 kg/m and all comorbid conditions improved markedly: diabetes melitus resolved in 71% of the patients, hypertension in 33%, and sleep apnea in 90%. However, 26 patients (17%) had late complications requiring reoperation. Preoperative global GIQLI score was 95 (range 56 to 140), significant different of the healthy volunteers score (120) (70 to 140) P < 0.001. Correlated with weight loss (percentage loss of overweight and BMI), the global score of the group increased to 100 at 3 months, 104 at 6, 111 at 1 year to reach 119 at 2 years which is no

  3. A 2-year follow-up study of people with severe mental illness involved in psychosocial rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Svedberg, Petra; Svensson, Bengt; Hansson, Lars; Jormfeldt, Henrika

    2014-08-01

    BACKGROUNDS. A focus on psychiatric rehabilitation in order to support recovery among persons with severe mental illness (SMI) has been given great attention in research and mental health policy, but less impact on clinical practice. Despite the potential impact of psychiatric rehabilitation on health and wellbeing, there is a lack of research regarding the model called the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Approach from Boston University (BPR). The aim was to investigate the outcome of the BPR intervention regarding changes in life situation, use of healthcare services, quality of life, health, psychosocial functioning and empowerment. The study has a prospective longitudinal design and the setting was seven mental health services who worked with the BPR in the county of Halland in Sweden. In total, 71 clients completed the assessment at baseline and of these 49 completed the 2-year follow-up assessments. The most significant finding was an improved psychosocial functioning at the follow-up assessment. Furthermore, 65% of the clients reported that they had mainly or almost completely achieved their self-formulated rehabilitation goals at the 2-year follow-up. There were significant differences with regard to health, empowerment, quality of life and psychosocial functioning for those who reported that they had mainly/completely had achieved their self-formulated rehabilitation goals compared to those who reported that they only had to a small extent or not at all reached their goals. Our results indicate that the BPR approach has impact on clients' health, empowerment, quality of life and in particular concerning psychosocial functioning.

  4. Patients with Fabry Disease after Enzyme Replacement Therapy Dose Reduction and Switch-2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Lenders, Malte; Canaan-Kühl, Sima; Krämer, Johannes; Duning, Thomas; Reiermann, Stefanie; Sommer, Claudia; Stypmann, Jörg; Blaschke, Daniela; Üçeyler, Nurcan; Hense, Hans-Werner; Brand, Stefan-Martin; Wanner, Christoph; Weidemann, Frank; Brand, Eva

    2016-03-01

    Because of the shortage of agalsidase-β supply between 2009 and 2012, patients with Fabry disease either were treated with reduced doses or were switched to agalsidase-α. In this observational study, we assessed end organ damage and clinical symptoms with special focus on renal outcome after 2 years of dose-reduction and/or switch to agalsidase-α. A total of 89 adult patients with Fabry disease who had received agalsidase-β (1.0 mg/kg body wt) for >1 year were nonrandomly assigned to continue this treatment regimen (regular-dose group, n=24), to receive a reduced dose of 0.3-0.5 mg/kg and a subsequent switch to 0.2 mg/kg agalsidase-α (dose-reduction-switch group, n=28), or to directly switch to 0.2 mg/kg agalsidase-α (switch group, n=37) and were followed-up for 2 years. We assessed clinical events (death, myocardial infarction, severe arrhythmia, stroke, progression to ESRD), changes in cardiac and renal function, Fabry-related symptoms (pain, hypohidrosis, diarrhea), and disease severity scores. Determination of renal function by creatinine and cystatin C-based eGFR revealed decreasing eGFRs in the dose-reduction-switch group and the switch group. The Mainz Severity Score Index increased significantly in these two groups (P=0.02 and P<0.001, respectively), and higher frequencies of gastrointestinal pain occurred during follow-up. In conclusion, after 2 years of observation, all groups showed a stable clinical disease course with respect to serious clinical events. However, patients under agalsidase-β dose-reduction and switch or a direct switch to agalsidase-α showed a decline of renal function independent of the eGFR formula used.

  5. Patients with Fabry Disease after Enzyme Replacement Therapy Dose Reduction and Switch–2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Lenders, Malte; Canaan-Kühl, Sima; Krämer, Johannes; Duning, Thomas; Reiermann, Stefanie; Sommer, Claudia; Stypmann, Jörg; Blaschke, Daniela; Üçeyler, Nurcan; Hense, Hans-Werner; Brand, Stefan-Martin; Wanner, Christoph; Weidemann, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Because of the shortage of agalsidase-β supply between 2009 and 2012, patients with Fabry disease either were treated with reduced doses or were switched to agalsidase-α. In this observational study, we assessed end organ damage and clinical symptoms with special focus on renal outcome after 2 years of dose-reduction and/or switch to agalsidase-α. A total of 89 adult patients with Fabry disease who had received agalsidase-β (1.0 mg/kg body wt) for >1 year were nonrandomly assigned to continue this treatment regimen (regular-dose group, n=24), to receive a reduced dose of 0.3–0.5 mg/kg and a subsequent switch to 0.2 mg/kg agalsidase-α (dose-reduction-switch group, n=28), or to directly switch to 0.2 mg/kg agalsidase-α (switch group, n=37) and were followed-up for 2 years. We assessed clinical events (death, myocardial infarction, severe arrhythmia, stroke, progression to ESRD), changes in cardiac and renal function, Fabry-related symptoms (pain, hypohidrosis, diarrhea), and disease severity scores. Determination of renal function by creatinine and cystatin C–based eGFR revealed decreasing eGFRs in the dose-reduction-switch group and the switch group. The Mainz Severity Score Index increased significantly in these two groups (P=0.02 and P<0.001, respectively), and higher frequencies of gastrointestinal pain occurred during follow-up. In conclusion, after 2 years of observation, all groups showed a stable clinical disease course with respect to serious clinical events. However, patients under agalsidase-β dose-reduction and switch or a direct switch to agalsidase-α showed a decline of renal function independent of the eGFR formula used. PMID:26185201

  6. Tibial plateau lesions. Surface reconstruction with a biomimetic osteochondral scaffold: Results at 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kon, Elizaveta; Filardo, Giuseppe; Venieri, Giulia; Perdisa, Francesco; Marcacci, Maurilio

    2014-12-01

    Tibial plateau articular pathology caused by post-traumatic or degenerative lesions is a challenge for the orthopaedic surgeon and can lead to early osteoarthritis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the results of treatment of these complex defects with implantation of an osteochondral scaffold, which is designed to target the cartilage surface and to reconstruct joint anatomy by addressing the entire osteochondral unit. Eleven patients (5 female and 6 male) with a mean age of 37.3 ± 11.0 years and osteochondral lesions of the tibial plateau (mean 5.1 ± 2.7 cm(2); range 3.0-12.5 cm(2)) were treated with the implantation of an osteochondral biomimetic collagen-hydroxyapatite scaffold (Maioregen(®), Fin-Ceramica, Faenza, Italy). Comorbidities were addressed taking care to restore the correct limb alignment. Patients were evaluated pre-operatively and prospectively followed-up for 2 years using the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective and objective scores; activity level was documented using the Tegner score. Three patients experienced minor adverse events. No patients required further surgery for treatment failure during the study follow-up period, and 8 patients (72.7%) reported a marked improvement. The IKDC subjective score improved from 42.5 ± 10.2 before treatment to 69.8 ± 19.0 at 12 months (p<0.05), with stable results at 24 months. The IKDC objective score increased from 27.3% normal and nearly normal knees before treatment to 85.7% normal and nearly normal knees at 24 months of follow-up. The Tegner score increased from 2.3 ± 2.1 before treatment to 4.8 ± 2.4 at 12 months (p<0.05), and was stable at the final follow-up. The present study on the implantation of an osteochondral scaffold for the treatment of tibial plateau lesions showed a promising clinical outcome at short-term follow-up, which indicates that this procedure can be considered as a possible treatment option, even in these complex defects, when

  7. Artificial disc versus fusion: a prospective, randomized study with 2-year follow-up on 99 patients.

    PubMed

    Sasso, Rick C; Smucker, Joseph D; Hacker, Robert J; Heller, John G

    2007-12-15

    A total of 115 patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to a Bryan artificial disc replacement (56) or an anterior cervical fusion with allograft and a plate (59). The purpose of this study is to examine the functional outcome and radiographic results of this prospective, randomized trial to determine the role of the Bryan artificial cervical disc replacement for patients with 1-level cervical disc disease. Artificial cervical disc replacement has become an option for cervical radiculopathy. Previous studies have evaluated the efficacy of this alternative without the scientific rigor of a concurrent control population. This study is a pooled data set from 3 centers involved in the U.S. FDA Investigational Device Exemption trial evaluating the Bryan artificial cervical disc. The purpose of this study is to examine the functional outcome and radiographic results of this prospective, randomized trial to determine the role of the Bryan artificial cervical disc replacement for patients with 1-level cervical disc disease; 12-month follow-up is available for 110 patients and 24 month follow-up complete for 99 patients. There are 30 males and 26 females in the Bryan group and 32 males and 27 females in the fusion group. The average age was 43 years (Bryan) and 46 years (fusion). Disability and pain were assessed using the Neck Disability Index (NDI) and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) of the neck and of the arm pain. SF-36 outcome measures were obtained including the physical component as well as the mental component scores. Range of motion was determined by independent radiologic assessment of flexion-extension radiographs. We report a prospective, randomized study comparing the functional outcome of cervical disc replacement to an anterior cervical fusion with results of 99 patients at 2 years. Prospective data were collected before surgery and at 6 weeks, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. The average operative time for the control group was 1.1 hours and the Bryan

  8. [Occupational outcome of patients with schizophrenia after first request for disability status: a 2-year follow-up study].

    PubMed

    Verdoux, H; Goumilloux, R; Monello, F; Cougnard, A

    2010-12-01

    To assess occupational outcome of persons with schizophrenia over the 2 years following the first request of disability status. This study was carried out in collaboration with the Commission Technique d'Orientation et de Reclassement Professionnel (COTOREP) (technical commission for occupational guidance and rehabilitation of the disabled) de la Gironde (Bordeaux region, South Western France). Persons with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder requesting for the first time in 2006 a disability allowance or the status of disabled worker were assessed using a standardized questionnaire collecting data on clinical, occupational and income history. Information on occupational outcome over the 2 years after the first request was collected at the end of the follow-up using multiple sources of information. We used a broad definition of work, including moonlighting and episodic activities (baby-sitting or grape-harvesting), as well as study periods. Of the 121 patients included at baseline, direct or indirect information was available for 108 (90%) at the 24-month assessment. Persons lost to follow-up were less likely to have worked before first request of disability status compared to persons with information available at the end of the follow-up, but did not differ regarding the other characteristics. Nearly half of the persons (41.7%) had worked over the follow-up, irrespective of the type and duration of the occupation. The working periods were of short duration (median duration 14.5 days, interquartile range 6.5-47.5) and most (98%) were done in low-qualified jobs. Nearly half of the persons reported that they had benefitted from support for starting or returning to work, mainly from recruitment agencies specialized in supporting disabled workers. Persons with the status of disabled worker (Reconnaissance de la qualité de travailleur handicapé) (RTH) were more likely to have worked over the follow-up period (66.7% vs 33.3%; OR=3.9; 95%IC 1.3-11.3; p<0.01) as

  9. The body image, weight satisfaction, and eating disorder tendency of school children: the 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Wong, Yueching; Chang, Yu-Jhen; Tsai, Mei-Rong; Liu, Tsai-Wei; Lin, Wei

    2011-04-01

    This 2-year follow-up study was conducted to enhance our understanding of changes and rates of disturbed eating attitudes/behaviors, weight satisfaction, and prevalence of obesity in elementary school students between the ages of 10 and 12 years. Questionnaires consisted of the following sections: (A) Demographics, (B) Body image, (C) Pubertal Development Scale, and (D) Children's Eating Attitudes Test-26 (ChEAT-26). School-based randomly selected participants completed the questionnaire at 10 years of age and repeated the same questionnaire 2 years later, at 12 years of age. The following findings were reported: (1) when changes at 2 years were compared, it was seen that the actual body weight of boys tended to increase, and perceived body size and desired body weight showed significant changes; (2) the percentage of children who wanted to be thinner increased, especially among girls; and (3) the percentage of participants with a tendency toward eating disorders (measured by ChEAT-26, ≥20) decreased from 10.4% to 10.1% in boys, and increased from 10.9% to 12.3% in girls. Nutritional education should emphasize the importance of correct body image and eating attitudes for the prevention of unhealthy body weight concerns and eating disorders in children. Caregivers' attitudes about weight and how caregivers deliver information on weight issues to children should be recognized as important factors related to healthy body image and eating attitudes among children.

  10. Intermediate clinical and radiological results of cervical TDR (Mobi-C) with up to 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Beaurain, J; Bernard, P; Dufour, T; Fuentes, J M; Hovorka, I; Huppert, J; Steib, J P; Vital, J M; Aubourg, L; Vila, T

    2009-06-01

    The interest in cervical total disc replacement (TDR) as an alternative to the so-far gold standard in the surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD), e.g anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), is growing very rapidly. Many authors have established the fact that ACDF may result in progressive degeneration in adjacent segments. On the contrary, but still theoretically, preservation of motion with TDR at the surgically treated level may potentially reduce the occurrence of adjacent-level degeneration (ALD). The authors report the intermediate results of an undergoing multicentre prospective study of TDR with Mobi-C prosthesis. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the device in the treatment of DDD and secondary to evaluate the radiological status of adjacent levels and the occurrence of ossifications, at 2-year follow-up (FU). 76 patients have performed their 2-year FU visit and have been analyzed clinically and radiologically. Clinical outcomes (NDI, VAS, SF-36) and ROM measurements were analyzed pre-operatively and at the different post-operative time-points. Complications and re-operations were also assessed. Occurrences of heterotopic ossifications (HOs) and of adjacent disc degeneration radiographic changes have been analyzed from 2-year FU X-rays. The mean NDI and VAS scores for arm and neck are reduced significantly at each post-operative time-point compared to pre-operative condition. Motion is preserved over the time at index levels (mean ROM = 9 degrees at 2 years) and 85.5% of the segments are mobile at 2 years. HOs are responsible for the fusion of 6/76 levels at 2 years. However, presence of HO does not alter the clinical outcomes. The occurrence rate of radiological signs of ALD is very low at 2 years (9.1%). There has been no subsidence, no expulsion and no sub-luxation of the implant. Finally, after 2 years, 91% of the patients assume that they would undergo the procedure again. These intermediate results

  11. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with fresh-frozen patellar tendon allografts: sixty cases with 2 years' minimum follow-up.

    PubMed

    Nín, J R; Leyes, M; Schweitzer, D

    1996-01-01

    A prospective study was performed on 101 patients who underwent an arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with fresh-frozen patellar tendon allograft (bone-patellar tendon-bone). We present the results of the first 60 patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Thirty-four were men and 26 women with a mean age of 23. In 45 patients, a postoperative arthroscopy was performed, and tissue biopsies of the reconstructed ACL were obtained. Patients were evaluated according to the International Knee Documentation Committee evaluation form. After a mean follow-up of 47 months, the overall results were normal or nearly normal in 85%. Under postoperative arthroscopy, the macroscopic appearance of the implant was similar to that of a normal ligament. The ACL allograft was covered with a normal, well-vascularized synovium. There were no cases of infection, disease transmission or tissue rejection. We conclude that the use of fresh-frozen patellar tendon allografts is a good method of ACL reconstruction.

  12. Effect of exacerbations on quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a 2 year follow up study

    PubMed Central

    Miravitlles, M; Ferrer, M; Pont, A; Zalacain, R; Alvarez-Sala, J; Masa, F; Verea, H; Murio, C; Ros, F; Vidal, R

    2004-01-01

    Background: A study was undertaken to evaluate exacerbations and their impact on the health related quality of life (HRQL) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: A 2 year follow up study was performed in 336 patients with COPD of mean (SD) age 66 (8.2) years and mean (SD) forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) 33 (8)% predicted. Spirometric tests, questions regarding exacerbations of COPD, and HRQL measurements (St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) and SF-12 Health Survey) were conducted at 6 month intervals. Results: A total of 1015 exacerbations were recorded, and 103 (30.7%) patients required at least one hospital admission during the study. After adjustment for baseline characteristics and season of assessment, frequent exacerbations had a negative effect on HRQL in patients with moderate COPD (FEV1 35–50% predicted); the change in SGRQ total score of moderate patients with ⩾3 exacerbations was almost two points per year greater (worse) than those with <3 exacerbations during the follow up (p = 0.042). For patients with severe COPD (FEV1 <35% predicted) exacerbations had no effect on HRQL. The change in SGRQ total score of patients admitted to hospital was almost 2 points per year greater (worse) than patients not admitted, but this effect failed to show statistical significance in any severity group. There was a significant and independent seasonal effect on HRQL since SGRQ total scores were, on average, 3 points better in measurements performed in spring/summer than in those measured in the winter (p<0.001). Conclusions: Frequent exacerbations significantly impair HRQL of patients with moderate COPD. A significant and independent effect of seasonality was also observed. PMID:15115864

  13. A 2-Year Follow-Up After a 2-Year RCT with Vitamin D and Exercise: Effects on Falls, Injurious Falls and Physical Functioning Among Older Women.

    PubMed

    Uusi-Rasi, Kirsti; Patil, Radhika; Karinkanta, Saija; Kannus, Pekka; Tokola, Kari; Lamberg-Allardt, Christel; Sievänen, Harri

    2017-09-01

    Both exercise and vitamin D are recommended means to prevent falls among older adults, but their combined effects on fall-induced injuries are scarcely studied. A 2-year follow-up of a previous 2-year randomized controlled trial with vitamin D and exercise (Ex) of 409 older home-dwelling women using a factorial 2 × 2 design (D-Ex-, D+Ex-, D-Ex+, D+Ex+). Besides monthly fall diaries, femoral neck bone mineral density (fn-BMD), and physical functioning were assessed at 1 and 2 years after the intervention. After the intervention, S-25OHD concentrations declined to baseline levels in both supplement groups. The groups did not differ for change in fn-BMD or physical functioning, except for leg extensor muscle strength, which remained about 10% greater in the exercise groups compared with the reference group (D-Ex-). There were no between-group differences in the rate of all falls, but medically attended injurious falls reduced in D+Ex- and D-Ex+ groups compared with D-Ex-. However, all former treatment groups had less medically attended injured fallers, HRs (95% CI) being 0.62 (0.39-1.00) for D+Ex-, 0.46 (0.28-0.76) for D-Ex+, and 0.55 (0.34-0.88) for D+Ex+, compared with D-Ex-. Exercise-induced benefits in physical functioning partly remained 2 years after cessation of supervised training. Although there was no difference in the rate of all falls, former exercise groups continued to have lower rate of medically attended injured fallers compared with referents even 2 years after the intervention. Vitamin D without exercise was associated with less injurious falls with no difference in physical functioning.

  14. Femoro Patella Vialla patellofemoral arthroplasty: An independent assessment of outcomes at minimum 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Halai, Mansur; Ker, Andrew; Anthony, Iain; Holt, Graeme; Jones, Bryn; Blyth, Mark

    2016-01-01

    AIM To determine outcomes using the Femoro-Patella Vialla (FPV) arthroplasty and if there is an ideal patient for this implant. METHODS A total of 41 FPV patellofemoral joint replacements were performed in 31 patients (22 females, 9 males, mean age 65 years). Mean follow-up was 3.2 years (minimum 2 years). Radiographs were reviewed preoperatively and postoperatively. We assessed whether gender, age, previous surgery, patella atla or trochlear dysplasia influenced patient satisfaction or patient functional outcome. RESULTS The median Oxford Knee Score was 40 and the median Melbourne Patellofemoral Score was 21 postoperatively. Seventy-six percent of patients were satisfied, 10% unsure and 14% dissatisfied postoperatively. There was no radiological progression of tibiofemoral joint arthritis, using the Ahlback grading, in any patient. One patient, who was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis postoperatively, underwent revision to total knee replacement. There were no intraoperative lateral releases and no implant failures. Gender, age, the presence of trochlear dysplasia, patella alta or bilateral surgery did not influence patient outcome. Previous surgery did not correlate with outcome. CONCLUSION In contrast to the current literature, the FPV shows promising early results. However, we cannot identify a subgroup of patients with superior outcomes. PMID:27622149

  15. Ongoing positive effect of platelet-rich plasma versus corticosteroid injection in lateral epicondylitis: a double-blind randomized controlled trial with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Gosens, Taco; Peerbooms, Joost C; van Laar, Wilbert; den Oudsten, Brenda L

    2011-06-01

    Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been shown to be a general stimulation for repair and 1-year results showed promising success percentages. This trial was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of PRP compared with corticosteroid injections in patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis with a 2-year follow-up. Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. The trial was conducted in 2 Dutch teaching hospitals. One hundred patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis were randomly assigned to a leukocyte-enriched PRP group (n = 51) or the corticosteroid group (n = 49). Randomization and allocation to the trial group were carried out by a central computer system. Patients received either a corticosteroid injection or an autologous platelet concentrate injection through a peppering needling technique. The primary analysis included visual analog scale (VAS) pain scores and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) outcome scores. The PRP group was more often successfully treated than the corticosteroid group (P < .0001). Success was defined as a reduction of 25% on VAS or DASH scores without a reintervention after 2 years. When baseline VAS and DASH scores were compared with the scores at 2-year follow-up, both groups significantly improved across time (intention-to-treat principle). However, the DASH scores of the corticosteroid group returned to baseline levels, while those of the PRP group significantly improved (as-treated principle). There were no complications related to the use of PRP. Treatment of patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis with PRP reduces pain and increases function significantly, exceeding the effect of corticosteroid injection even after a follow-up of 2 years. Future decisions for application of PRP for lateral epicondylitis should be confirmed by further follow-up from this trial and should take into account possible costs and harms as well as benefits.

  16. Orthopaedic trauma clinical research: is 2-year follow-up necessary? Results from a longitudinal study of severe lower extremity trauma.

    PubMed

    Castillo, Renan C; Mackenzie, Ellen J; Bosse, Michael J

    2011-12-01

    The ideal length of follow-up for orthopedic trauma research studies is unknown. This study compares 1- and 2-year complications, clinical recovery, and functional outcomes from a large prospective clinical study. Patients (n = 336) with limb threatening unilateral lower extremity injuries were followed at the 12, 24, and 84 months. Major outcomes observed were complications requiring hospital re-admission, fracture and wound healing, attainment of full weight bearing status, return to work, and self-reported functional outcome using the Sickness Impact Profile. The rate of newly observed complications beyond year 1 was small, ranging from 0 to <2%. In addition, 85% to 90% of the clinical recovery outcomes were attained by 1 year, and patients not achieving clinical recovery during the first year had significantly worse functional outcomes. Only 5% of patients returned to work between 1 year and 2 years. Although, a substantial number of patients achieved functional recovery between 1 year and 2 years, of the patients not achieving functional recovery at year 1, 85% of those who would go on to achieve functional recovery during the second year could be predicted using year 1 data. Although long-term follow-up provides a more complete picture of final outcomes and rate of recovery, follow-up beyond 1 year is difficult and expensive. In our study, it accounted for 20% of the total cost. The analysis of our data suggests that 1-year data were sufficient to address our major study hypotheses.

  17. Refractive, Topographic, and Aberrometric Results at 2-Year Follow-Up for Accelerated Corneal Cross-Link for Progressive Keratoconus

    PubMed Central

    Bozkurt, Ercüment; Akcay, Betul Ilkay Sezgin; Kurt, Tugba; Yildirim, Yusuf; Günaydin, Zehra Karaagaç; Demirok, Ahmet

    2017-01-01

    Purpose. To report the visual, refractive, and corneal topography and wavefront aberration results of accelerated corneal cross-linking (CXL) during a 24-month follow-up. Methods. Forty-seven eyes underwent riboflavin-ultraviolet A-induced accelerated CXL treatment (30 mW/cm2 with a total dose of 7.2 joules/cm2). Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical and cylindrical values, keratometry (K) measurements (Ksteep, Kflat, Kavg, and Kapex), central corneal thickness, and anterior corneal aberrometric analyses including total wavefront error (WFE), total high order aberration (HOA), astigmatism, trefoil, coma, quadrafoil, secondary astigmatism, and spherical aberration were evaluated. Results. The mean UDVA and CDVA were significantly improved at 1 (p = 0.003 and p = 0.004, resp.) and 2 years after treatment (p = 0.001 and p = 0.001, resp.). The mean Ksteep, Kflat, Kaverage, and Kapex values were significantly lower than baseline at 12 months (p = 0.008, p = 0.024, p = 0.001, and p = 0.014, resp.) and 24 months (p = 0.014, p = 0.017, p = 0.001, and p = 0.012, resp.). Corneal thickness showed a significant decrease at 1 month. Total HOA and coma decreased significantly at the 12-month (p = 0.001 and p = 0.009, resp.) and 24-month visits (p = 0.001 and p = 0.007, resp.). Conclusion. Accelerated CXL (30 mW/cm2) was found to be effective in improving UDVA, CDVA, corneal topography readings, total HOA, and coma aberrations during the 24-month follow-up. PMID:28197339

  18. How Sublaminar Bands Affect Postoperative Sagittal Alignment in AIS Patients with Preoperative Hypokyphosis? Results of a Series of 34 Patients with 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Chalopin, Antoine; Peltier, Emilie; Choufani, Elie; Ollivier, Matthieu; Fuentes, Stéphane; Jouve, Jean-Luc

    2016-01-01

    Hypokyphosis is currently observed in thoracic idiopathic scoliosis. The use of sublaminar bands allows a good restoration of sagittal balance of the spine. The aim of the study was to provide a middle-term radiographic analysis of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with preoperative hypokyphosis treated by posterior arthrodesis with sublaminar bands. This retrospective study included 34 patients with Lenke 1 scoliosis associated with hypokyphosis (TK < 20°). A radiographic evaluation was performed with a 2-year follow-up. Cobb angle, cervical lordosis, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and pelvic parameters were measured preoperatively, postoperatively, and at 6-month and 2-year follow-up. The mean preoperative thoracic kyphosis was 10.5° versus 24.1° postoperatively (p < 0.001), representing a mean gain of 13°. Cobb angle ranged from 59.3° to 17.9° postoperatively (mean correction 69%, p < 0.001). Cobb angle increased between the immediate postoperative measurement and the 6-month follow-up (17.9 versus 19.9, p = 0.03). Cervical curvature changed from a 5.6° kyphosis to a 3.5° lordosis (p = 0.001). Concerning lumbar lordosis, preoperative measurement was 39.7° versus 41.3° postoperatively (p = 0.27). At 6-month follow-up, lumbar lordosis significantly increased to 43.6° (p = 0.03). All parameters were stable at final follow-up. Correction performed by sublaminar bands is efficient for both fontal and sagittal planes. Moreover, the restoration of normal thoracic kyphosis is followed by an adaptation of the adjacent curvatures with improved cervical lordosis and lumbar lordosis. PMID:27999791

  19. Ultrasonographic predictors for clinical and radiological progression in knee osteoarthritis after 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Bevers, Karen; Vriezekolk, Johanna E; Bijlsma, Johannes W J; van den Ende, Cornelia H M; den Broeder, Alfons A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between a set of US features and radiographic and clinical progression of knee OA after 2 years of follow-up. A total of 125 patients fulfilling ACR clinical criteria for knee OA underwent US examination of the most symptomatic knee. The US protocol included assessment of synovial hypertrophy, joint effusion, infrapatellar bursitis, Baker's cyst, medial meniscus protrusion and cartilage thickness. Clinical progression was defined using the inverse Osteoarthritis Research Society International responder criteria or progression to total knee replacement. Radiological progression was defined as a ≥2 point increase in Altman score or progression to total knee replacement. Regression analyses were performed with baseline ultrasonographic features as independent variables and progression (two separate models for clinical progression and radiographic progression) as the dependent variable. A total of 31 (25%) patients fulfilled the criteria of clinical progression and 60 (48%) patients fulfilled the criteria of radiological progression. The presence of Baker's cyst showed a statistically significant association with clinical [odds ratio (OR) 3.07 (95% CI 1.21, 7.78)] as well as radiological [OR 2.84 (95% CI 1.17, 6.90)] progression. Synovial hypertrophy showed a weaker but consistent association with clinical as well as radiological progression [OR 2.11 (95% CI 0.80, 5.57)]. We demonstrated a longitudinal association between Baker's cyst (and to a lesser extent synovial hypertrophy) at baseline and radiological and clinical progression after 2 years. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Rheumatology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Anterior spinal fusion for thoracolumbar scoliosis: comprehensive assessment of radiographic, clinical, and pulmonary outcomes on 2-years follow-up.

    PubMed

    Verma, Kushagra; Auerbach, Joshua D; Kean, Kristin E; Chamas, Firas; Vorsanger, Matthew; Lonner, Baron S

    2010-01-01

    There is a continued role for anterior spinal fusion (ASF) in the treatment of thoracolumbar scoliosis. Despite numerous previous reports of ASF in the treatment of thoracolumbar scoliosis, no single study has simultaneously evaluated clinical, radiographic, and pulmonary function outcomes. Retrospective review of 31 consecutive thoracolumbar adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients (Lenke type 5) who underwent ASF by a single surgeon. Patient records were comprehensively assessed for Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 score, apical trunk rotation, radiographic changes, and pulmonary function before surgery and at 2-years follow-up. Thoracolumbar/lumbar curve correction averaged from 45 to 11 degrees (74%) and spontaneous correction of thoracic curves averaged from 26 to 15 degrees (42%). Instrumented segment lordosis increased by 11 degrees, whereas proximal junction kyphosis increased by 3 degrees. No significant changes were noted in T2-T12 kyphosis, distal junctional kyphosis, T12-S1 lumbar lordosis, or coronal balance. Thoracolumbar apical trunk rotation improved from 12 to 3 degrees. Average SRS scores significantly improved from 3.9 to 4.4. SRS assessments of self-image and pain also improved significantly from 3.6 to 4.5 and from 4.1 to 4.6, respectively. Absolute and percent predicted forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 second were unchanged. Two patients suffered mild intercostal neuralgia postthoracotomy. There were no other complications. The thoracoabdominal anterior approach for thoracolumbar scoliosis facilitates excellent clinical and radiographic outcomes, minimal blood loss, powerful apical trunk rotation correction, relative maintenance of lordosis, relatively short fusion constructs, and improved SRS-22 performance, without significant pulmonary function impairment at 2 years. It continues to be an efficacious treatment for thoracolumbar scoliosis. Level IV.

  1. Use of Ergonomic Measures Related to Musculoskeletal Complaints among Construction Workers: A 2-year Follow-up Study

    PubMed Central

    Boschman, Julitta S.; Frings-Dresen, Monique H.W.; van der Molen, Henk F.

    2015-01-01

    Background The physical work demands of construction work can be reduced using ergonomic measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of ergonomic measures related to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among construction workers. Methods A questionnaire was sent at baseline and 2 years later to 1,130 construction workers. We established (1) the proportion of workers reporting an increase in their use of ergonomic measures, (2) the proportion of workers reporting a decrease in MSDs, (3) the relative risk for an increase in the use of ergonomic measures and a decrease in MSDs, and (4) workers' knowledge and opinions about the use of ergonomic measures. Results At follow-up, response rate was 63% (713/1,130). The proportion of workers using ergonomic measures for vertical transport increased (34%, 144/419, p < 0.01); for measures regarding horizontal transport and the positioning of materials, no change was reported. The proportion of workers reporting shoulder complaints decreased (28%, 176/638, p = 0.02). A relationship between the use of ergonomic measures and MSDs was not found; 83% (581/704) of the workers indicated having sufficient knowledge about ergonomic measures. Lightening the physical load was reported to be the main reason for using them. Conclusion Only the use of ergonomic measures for vertical transport increased over a 2-year period. No relationship between the use of ergonomic measures and MSDs was found. Strategies aimed at improving the availability of ergonomic equipment complemented with individualized advice and training in using them might be the required next steps to increase the use of ergonomic measures. PMID:26106507

  2. Intermediate clinical and radiological results of cervical TDR (Mobi-C®) with up to 2 years of follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Beaurain, J.; Bernard, P.; Dufour, T.; Fuentes, J. M.; Hovorka, I.; Huppert, J.; Steib, J. P.; Vital, J. M.; Aubourg, L.

    2009-01-01

    The interest in cervical total disc replacement (TDR) as an alternative to the so-far gold standard in the surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD), e.g anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), is growing very rapidly. Many authors have established the fact that ACDF may result in progressive degeneration in adjacent segments. On the contrary, but still theoretically, preservation of motion with TDR at the surgically treated level may potentially reduce the occurrence of adjacent-level degeneration (ALD). The authors report the intermediate results of an undergoing multicentre prospective study of TDR with Mobi-C® prosthesis. The aim of the study was to assess the safety and efficacy of the device in the treatment of DDD and secondary to evaluate the radiological status of adjacent levels and the occurrence of ossifications, at 2-year follow-up (FU). 76 patients have performed their 2-year FU visit and have been analyzed clinically and radiologically. Clinical outcomes (NDI, VAS, SF-36) and ROM measurements were analyzed pre-operatively and at the different post-operative time-points. Complications and re-operations were also assessed. Occurrences of heterotopic ossifications (HOs) and of adjacent disc degeneration radiographic changes have been analyzed from 2-year FU X-rays. The mean NDI and VAS scores for arm and neck are reduced significantly at each post-operative time-point compared to pre-operative condition. Motion is preserved over the time at index levels (mean ROM = 9° at 2 years) and 85.5% of the segments are mobile at 2 years. HOs are responsible for the fusion of 6/76 levels at 2 years. However, presence of HO does not alter the clinical outcomes. The occurrence rate of radiological signs of ALD is very low at 2 years (9.1%). There has been no subsidence, no expulsion and no sub-luxation of the implant. Finally, after 2 years, 91% of the patients assume that they would undergo the procedure again. These intermediate

  3. Outcome at 2 Years after Dextrose Gel Treatment for Neonatal Hypoglycemia: Follow-Up of a Randomized Trial.

    PubMed

    Harris, Deborah L; Alsweiler, Jane M; Ansell, Judith M; Gamble, Gregory D; Thompson, Benjamin; Wouldes, Trecia A; Yu, Tzu-Ying; Harding, Jane E

    2016-03-01

    To determine neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years' corrected age in children randomized to treatment with dextrose gel or placebo for hypoglycemia soon after birth (The Sugar Babies Study). This was a follow-up study of 184 children with hypoglycemia (<2.6 mM [47 mg/dL]) in the first 48 hours and randomized to either dextrose (90/118, 76%) or placebo gel (94/119, 79%). Assessments were performed at Kahikatea House, Hamilton, New Zealand, and included neurologic function and general health (pediatrician assessed), cognitive, language, behavior, and motor skills (Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition), executive function (clinical assessment and Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Edition), and vision (clinical examination and global motion perception). Coprimary outcomes were neurosensory impairment (cognitive, language or motor score below -1 SD or cerebral palsy or blind or deaf) and processing difficulty (executive function or global motion perception worse than 1.5 SD from the mean). Statistical tests were two sided with 5% significance level. Mean (± SD) birth weight was 3093 ± 803 g and mean gestation was 37.7 ± 1.6 weeks. Sixty-six children (36%) had neurosensory impairment (1 severe, 6 moderate, 59 mild) with similar rates in both groups (dextrose 38% vs placebo 34%, relative risk 1.11, 95% CI 0.75-1.63). Processing difficulty also was similar between groups (dextrose 10% vs placebo 18%, relative risk 0.52, 95% CI 0.23-1.15). Dextrose gel is safe for the treatment of neonatal hypoglycemia, but neurosensory impairment is common among these children. Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN 12608000623392. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. A 2-year follow-up study on muscle size and dynamic strength in teenage tennis players.

    PubMed

    Kanehisa, H; Kuno, S; Katsuta, S; Fukunaga, T

    2006-04-01

    Growth trends in the cross-sectional area of the quadriceps femoris (CSA(QF)) and its dynamic strength in 12 teenage tennis players (six boys and six girls), aged from 10.7 to 13.2 years at the onset of the study, were investigated through a 2-year follow-up survey. CSA(QF) values at the three levels (proximal, mid, and distal to the knee joint) and dynamic torques during knee extensions at three pre-set velocities (1.05, 3.14, and 5.24 rad/s) were determined year by year, i.e., three times (T1, T2, and T3), using magnetic resonance imaging and an isokinetic dynamometer, respectively. In both genders, the CSA(QF) values at the three levels tended to increase across the measurement times, with greater gains in the boys than in the girls at the levels mid and distal to the knee joint. Among these changes, only the CSA(QF) at the level proximal to the knee joint significantly increased regardless of changes in both skeletal age and body height. The ratios of torque to the sum of CSA(QF) at the three levels (T/CSA) at 3.14 and 5.24 rad/s for the boys and at 5.24 rad/s for the girls were significantly higher in T2 and T3 than T1. Further, the relative increases in torque and T/CSA values at 3.14 and 5.24 rad/s were greater in the boys than the girls. The findings presented here indicate that young tennis players who are in the earlier stage of adolescence increase the CSA of the QF muscle beyond normally expected growth change at the level proximal to the knee joint and show a predominant development in torque generation capability during high-velocity knee extensions, with a greater gain in boys compared with girls.

  5. Asymptomatic cerebral microbleeds in adult patients with moyamoya disease: a prospective cohort study with 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Sun, Wen; Yuan, Cuiping; Liu, Wenhua; Li, Yongkun; Huang, Zhixin; Zhu, Wusheng; Li, Min; Xu, Gelin; Liu, Xinfeng

    2013-01-01

    Risk factors for cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in moyamoya disease (MMD) remain unknown, and whether the presence or distribution of CMBs is related to the subsequent hemorrhagic events needs to be confirmed. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between intracranial vascular morphology and the incidence/distribution patterns of CMBs as well as to determine the outcome in adult patients with MMD. Eighty-five consecutive adult patients with MMD were prospectively evaluated by 3.0-tesla high-intensity susceptibility-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and catheter-based digital subtraction angiography from June 2009 to January 2012. The differences in intracranial angiography (Suzuki stages, posterior cerebral artery stages, and angiographic features of the anterior choroidal and posterior communicating arteries) and clinical parameters (age, gender, hemorrhagic onset, antiplatelet treatment, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, diabetes, and plasma fibrinogen) among various CMB distribution patterns were analyzed with multinomial logistic regression. Moreover, after a median follow-up of 23 months, the relationship between CMB distribution patterns and subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage was also analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and a Cox proportional hazards model. Forty-five female and 40 male patients were finally enrolled in the study with an average age of 41.4 ± 12.7 years. Thirty-one CMB foci were detected in 24 (28.2%) patients. Most of the lesions (n = 22, 71.0%) were located in the region of deep and periventricular white matter (DPWM). Dilation and extension of anterior choroidal and posterior communicating arteries (AChA-PComA) was found to be an independent risk factor associated with the CMBs located in DPWM (p = 0.045; odds ratio 3.39, 95% CI 1.03-11.19). Patients with DPWM CMBs showed a statistically higher likelihood of subsequent intraventricular hemorrhage compared to patients without CMB foci and with CMBs in other regions

  6. Triangular Titanium Implants for Minimally Invasive Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: 2-Year Follow-Up from a Prospective Multicenter Trial

    PubMed Central

    Bitan, Fabien; Lockstadt, Harry; Kovalsky, Don; Cher, Daniel; Hillen, Travis

    2016-01-01

    Background Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) dysfunction is an underdiagnosed condition. Several published cohorts have reported favorable mid-term outcomes after SIJ fusion using titanium implants placed across the SIJ. Herein we report long-term (24-month) results from a prospective multicenter clinical trial. Methods One hundred and seventy-two subjects at 26 US sites with SI joint dysfunction were enrolled and underwent minimally invasive SI joint fusion with triangular titanium implants. Subjects underwent structured assessments preoperatively and at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months postoperatively, including SIJ pain ratings (0-100 visual analog scale), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short Form-36 (SF-36), EuroQOL-5D (EQ-5D), and patient satisfaction. Adverse events were collected throughout follow-up. All participating patients underwent a high-resolution pelvic CT scan at 1 year. Results Mean subject age was 50.9 years and 69.8% were women. SIJ pain was present for an average of 5.1 years prior to surgical treatment. SIJ pain decreased from 79.8 at baseline to 30.4 at 12 months and remained low at 26.0 at 24 months (p<.0001 for change from baseline). ODI decreased from 55.2 at baseline to 31.5 at 12 months and remained low at 30.9 at 24 months (p<.0001 for change from baseline). Quality of life (SF-36 and EQ-5D) improvements seen at 12 months were sustained at 24 months. The proportion of subjects taking opioids for SIJ or low back pain decreased from 76.2% at baseline to 55.0% at 24 months (p <.0001). To date, 8 subjects (4.7%) have undergone one or more revision SIJ surgeries. 7 device-related adverse events occurred. CT scan at one year showed a high rate (97%) of bone adherence to at least 2 implants on both the iliac and sacral sides with modest rates of bone growth across the SIJ. Conclusions In this study of patients with SIJ dysfunction, minimally invasive SI joint fusion using triangular titanium implants showed marked improvements in pain, disability and

  7. All-pedicle screw versus hybrid instrumentation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery: a comparative radiographical study with a minimum 2-Year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Crawford, Alvin H; Lykissas, Marios G; Gao, Xu; Eismann, Emily; Anadio, Jennifer

    2013-06-15

    Comparative analysis of 2 groups of patients who underwent surgical treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). To compare a segmental pedicle screw only system with a hybrid system for the treatment of Lenke type 1 AIS curves. Although previous AIS studies have tried to compare various constructs with the all-pedicle screw fixation, all have failed to address important confounding variables, such as skeletal maturity, preoperative flexibility of the curve, and factors associated with a multicenter or multisurgeon analysis. The medical records and spinal radiographs of patients with AIS treated surgically by a single surgeon between 2000 and 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with Lenke type 1 curves and minimum follow-up of 2 years were divided into 2 groups that were meticulously matched: group 1 consisted of patients in whom the all-pedicle screw construct was used, whereas group 2 included patients who were treated with the hybrid hook-screw system. Group 1 included 34 patients and group 2 included 29 patients. At the last follow-up, thoracic curve correction averaged 70.4% for the all-pedicle screw group and 60% for the hybrid group (P = 0.19). The all-pedicle screw group showed a significantly greater increase in thoracic kyphosis than the hybrid group system (P = 0.04). Global sagittal balance showed greater improvement in the all-pedicle screw group during the immediate postoperative that was lost by the last follow-up. The all-pedicle screw system revealed less intraoperative blood loss but greater operating time than the hybrid construct. After controlling for length of follow-up, no statistical difference in any of the radiographical parameters measured was recorded. With the exception of global sagittal balance, the pedicle screw system provided better maintenance of its corrective parameters when followed for greater than two years. 3.

  8. Outcomes of a new residential scheme for adults with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Chou, Y-C; Pu, C; Kröger, T; Lee, W; Chang, S

    2011-09-01

    The Taiwanese government launched a new programme in November 2004 to support adults with intellectual disabilities living in smaller facilities. This paper aims to evaluate the service outcomes of this new residential scheme over 2 years including those residents who moved from an institution and those who moved from their family. A one-group repeated-measures analysis was conducted for five interviews after the adults with intellectual disabilities entered the new environment. Forty-nine adults were initially studied (T1) and 29 adults remained in the homes until the end of the study (T5). This study found significant improvements over the 2 years in the residents' quality of life and family contact. The results also highlight a decrease in maladaptive behaviour among the residents moving from institution and an increase in choice making and family contact among the residents moving from family. No significant changes in adaptive behaviour and community inclusion were found. Results revealed that further policy changes and financial support including service quality assurance are required in order to improve service outcomes for adults living in the new residential scheme. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  9. Arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment for focal pincer-type impingement: a minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Comba, Fernando M; Slullitel, Pablo A; Bronenberg, Pedro; Zanotti, Gerardo; Buttaro, Martin A; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2017-07-01

    In order to access and resect the acetabular rim, arthroscopic acetabuloplasty was described with labral detachment. When the chondrolabral junction remains intact, acetabuloplasty and labral refixation can be performed maintaining an unharmed labrum. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of a group of patients treated with arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment. During the study period, we retrospectively analysed 44 patients with pincer-type o combined impingement and an intact chondroblabral junction, with an average follow-up of 32 months (range: 27-38). We excluded patients with isolated CAM-type impingement and previous hip pathology. Radiographs were analysed to define impingement and classify grade of osteoarthritis. Clinical evaluation consisted of pre-operative and post-operative modified Harris hip score (mHHS) and WOMAC as well as post-operative visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain and satisfaction. Reoperations were considered surgical failures for purposes of survival analysis. Mean mHHS changed from 51.06 (SD 4.81) pre-operatively to 84.97 (SD 12.79) post-operatively. Pre-operative WOMAC was 29.18 (SD 8) and post-operative, 13.10 (SD 11). Post-operative VAS was 7.5 and 2.27 for satisfaction and pain, respectively. When comparing patients with Tönnis 0 to those with Tönnis 1, the former showed better results regarding post-operative mHHS (89.9 s versus 77.85, P = 0.03), pain VAS (1.5 versus 6.3, P = 0.03) and satisfaction VAS (8.2 versus 6.3, P = 0.01). Survival was 100% at 24 months and 76% at 40 months (95% CI: 35-98%). Arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment achieved good clinical outcomes. Slight degenerative changes on radiographs correlated with poorer clinical outcomes.

  10. Arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment for focal pincer-type impingement: a minimum 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Comba, Fernando M.; Bronenberg, Pedro; Zanotti, Gerardo; Buttaro, Martin A.; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2017-01-01

    Abstract In order to access and resect the acetabular rim, arthroscopic acetabuloplasty was described with labral detachment. When the chondrolabral junction remains intact, acetabuloplasty and labral refixation can be performed maintaining an unharmed labrum. We aimed to evaluate the outcome of a group of patients treated with arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment. During the study period, we retrospectively analysed 44 patients with pincer-type o combined impingement and an intact chondroblabral junction, with an average follow-up of 32 months (range: 27–38). We excluded patients with isolated CAM-type impingement and previous hip pathology. Radiographs were analysed to define impingement and classify grade of osteoarthritis. Clinical evaluation consisted of pre-operative and post-operative modified Harris hip score (mHHS) and WOMAC as well as post-operative visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain and satisfaction. Reoperations were considered surgical failures for purposes of survival analysis. Mean mHHS changed from 51.06 (SD 4.81) pre-operatively to 84.97 (SD 12.79) post-operatively. Pre-operative WOMAC was 29.18 (SD 8) and post-operative, 13.10 (SD 11). Post-operative VAS was 7.5 and 2.27 for satisfaction and pain, respectively. When comparing patients with Tönnis 0 to those with Tönnis 1, the former showed better results regarding post-operative mHHS (89.9 s versus 77.85, P = 0.03), pain VAS (1.5 versus 6.3, P = 0.03) and satisfaction VAS (8.2 versus 6.3, P = 0.01). Survival was 100% at 24 months and 76% at 40 months (95% CI: 35–98%). Arthroscopic acetabuloplasty without labral detachment achieved good clinical outcomes. Slight degenerative changes on radiographs correlated with poorer clinical outcomes. PMID:28630735

  11. Effects of need-supportive physical activity counseling on well-being: a 2-year follow-up among sedentary older adults.

    PubMed

    Van Hoecke, Ann-Sophie; Delecluse, Christophe; Bogaerts, An; Boen, Filip

    2014-11-01

    This study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of multiple physical activity counseling strategies on subjective health among older adults. Sedentary older adults (n = 442) were randomized to 3 programs: (1) a one-contact referral to locally organized physical activities, (2) a one-contact provision of a walking program, (3) a 10-week multiple-contact physical activity coaching based on the Self-Determination Theory. Self-reports on well-being, trait anxiety and physical activity were completed at baseline (pretest), and 10 weeks after (10-week follow-up), 1 year after (1-year follow-up) and 2 years after (2-year follow-up) pretests. All 3 programs yielded improvements in well-being and trait anxiety from pretest to 10-week follow-up and to 1-year follow-up. From pretest to 2-year follow-up, no changes emerged in well-being whereas trait anxiety increased significantly. Changes over time in well-being and anxiety were not significantly different between the programs. Changes in physical activity contributed significantly to the prediction of changes in well-being and trait anxiety. The findings demonstrate the year-round effectiveness of physical activity counseling on subjective health among older adults, irrespective of counseling strategy. However, a relapse to baseline level occurred 2 years after the intervention. Physical activity appears to be an important determinant of older adults' well-being.

  12. Understanding sustained domestic violence identification in maternal and child health nurse care: process evaluation from a 2-year follow-up of the MOVE trial.

    PubMed

    Hooker, Leesa; Small, Rhonda; Taft, Angela

    2016-03-01

    To investigate factors contributing to the sustained domestic violence screening and support practices of Maternal and Child Health nurses 2 years after a randomized controlled trial. Domestic violence screening by healthcare professionals has been implemented in many primary care settings. Barriers to screening exist and screening rates remain low. Evidence for longer term integration of nurse screening is minimal. Trial outcomes showed sustained safety planning behaviours by intervention group nurses. Process evaluation in 2-year follow-up of a cluster randomized controlled trial. Evaluation included a repeat online nurse survey and 14 interviews (July-September 2013). Survey analysis included comparison of proportionate group difference between arms and between trial baseline and 2 year follow-up surveys. Framework analysis was used to assess qualitative data. Normalization Process Theory informed evaluation design and interpretation of results. Survey response was 77% (n = 123/160). Sustainability of nurse identification of domestic violence appeared to be due to greater nurse discussion and domestic violence disclosure by women, facilitated by use of a maternal health and well-being checklist. Over time, intervention group nurses used the maternal checklist more at specific maternal health visits and found the checklist the most helpful resource assisting their domestic violence work. Nurses' spoke of a degree of 'normalization' to domestic violence screening that will need constant investment to maintain. Sustainable domestic violence screening and support outcomes can be achieved in an environment of comprehensive, nurse designed and theory driven implementation. Continuing training, discussion and monitoring of domestic violence work is needed to retain sustainable practices. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. A Prospective Comparative Study of Arthroscopic Versus Mini-Open Latarjet Procedure With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Marion, Blandine; Klouche, Shahnaz; Deranlot, Julien; Bauer, Thomas; Nourissat, Geoffroy; Hardy, Philippe

    2017-02-01

    To compare postoperative pain during the first postoperative week and the position of the coracoid bone block at the anterior aspect of the glenoid after the arthroscopic and the mini-open Latarjet procedure. The secondary purpose was to assess functional results and recurrence after at least 2 years of follow-up. This comparative prospective study included patients who underwent a Latarjet-Bristow procedure for anterior shoulder instability in 2012. The Latarjet procedure was performed by a mini-open approach (G1) in one center and by an arthroscopic approach (G2) in the other. The main evaluation criterion was average shoulder pain during the first postoperative week assessed by the patient on a standard 10-cm visual analog scale (0-10). Secondary criteria were consumption of analgesics during the first week, the position of the coracoid bone block on radiograph and computed tomography scan at the 3-month follow-up and clinical outcomes (Western Ontario Score Index and new surgery) after at least 2 years of follow-up. Fifty-eight patients were included, 22 G1 and 36 G2, 13 women and 45 men, mean age 26.9 ± 7.7 years. The mean follow-up was 29.8 ± 4.4 months. There was significantly less pain in the arthroscopic Latarjet group than in the mini-open group during the first postoperative week (2.5 ± 1.4 vs 1.2 ± 1.2, P = .002) with comparable consumption of analgesics (P > .05). The arthroscopic Latarjet procedure resulted in a more lateral coracoid bone block (P = .04) and a better equatorial position than the mini-open technique (P = .02). Three patients underwent revision surgery (1 recurrence [2.8%], 1 block fracture, 1 screw ablation) in the arthroscopic group, none in the mini-open group (P = .54). At the final follow-up, the Western Ontario Score Index score was good in all patients (G1: 78.5 ± 7.5% vs G2: 82.3 ± 7%, P = .03). This prospective comparative study showed that the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure was significantly less painful than

  14. Integrated GW-EM Follow-up Analysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ackley, Kendall; Eikenberry, Stephen; Klimenko, Sergey; LSC Collaboration

    2015-04-01

    Advanced Gravitational-Wave (GW) detectors such as Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo are expected to become operational for observation runs in 2015, with an expected ultimate improvement in sensitivity over previous configurations by a factor of 10 by 2019. There are many potential electromagnetic (EM) counterparts to GWs including short and long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and kilonovae. While SGRBs and LGRBs predominantly emit in the X-ray, and the recently-observed kilonova primarily in the infrared, all three sources are expected to have detectable traces in the optical band, albeit requiring very sensitive optical telescopes. In order to aid in the optimization of GW trigger follow-up procedures, we perform an end-to-end analysis feasibility study using synthesized Advanced detector data simulating a GW detection with a theoretical EM counterpart injected into archival optical images. We use images from Robotic Optical Transient Search Experiment (ROTSE) and Palomar Transient Factory (PTF), and inject candidate events following observed lightcurves of SGRBs, LGRBs, and kilonovae. The use of Zernike PSF decomposition on candidate objects offers a fast way to identify point sources, speeding up the automated identification of transient sources in the images. We present our method of transient recovery and the latest results of our feasibility study of a joint GW-EM observation.

  15. Long-term outcome after whiplash injury. A 2-year follow-up considering features of injury mechanism and somatic, radiologic, and psychosocial findings.

    PubMed

    Radanov, B P; Sturzenegger, M; Di Stefano, G

    1995-09-01

    With the increased incidence of whiplash injury following the introduction of compulsory car seat belts, a large number of reports have dealt with the aftermath of this condition. Previous studies, however, focused on somatic symptoms on the one hand or considered only psychological or neuropsychological variables on the other hand, often in loosely defined or selected groups of patients. No study so far has analyzed the long-term outcome in a nonselected group of patients using a clear injury definition considering patient history; somatic, radiologic, and neuropsychological findings; and features of the injury mechanisms assessed soon after trauma and during follow-up. the present investigation was designed to assess these combined factors. According to a strict definition of whiplash injury, we assessed a consecutive nonselected sample of 117 patients with recent injury who had similar sociocultural and educational backgrounds. The patients had been in automobile crashes and were all equally covered by accident insurance according to the country-wide scheme. Initial examination was performed 7.2 +/- 4.2 days after trauma, and follow-up examinations 3, 6, 12, and 24 months later. At baseline, features of injury mechanism, subjective complaints, and different aspects of patient history were documented and cervical spine X rays performed. At all examinations patients underwent neurologic examination and cognitive and psychosocial factor assessment. At 2 years, patients were divided into symptomatic and asymptomatic groups and then compared with regard to the initial findings. In addition, symptomatic patients who were disabled at the 2-year follow-up examination and symptomatic patients not disabled (that is, they were able to work at the pretraumatic level) were compared regarding initial and 2-year findings. At 2 years, 18% of patients still had injury-related symptoms. With regard to baseline findings the following significant differences were found: Symptomatic

  16. Soft tissue stability in segmental distraction of the anterior mandibular alveolar process. A 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Joss, C U; Triaca, A; Antonini, M; Kiliaridis, S; Kuijpers-Jagtman, A M

    2012-05-01

    This study evaluated soft tissue changes in adult patients treated with distraction osteogenesis (DOG) of the anterior mandibular alveolar process and related it to different parameters. 33 patients (27 females; 6 males) were analysed retrospectively before surgery at T1 (17.0 days), after surgery at T2 (mean 6.5 days), at T3 (mean 24.4 days), and at T4 (mean 2.0 years). Lateral cephalograms were traced by hand, digitized, superimposed, and evaluated. Statistical analysis was carried out using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, paired t test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and linear backward regression analysis. 2 years postoperatively (T4), the net effect of the soft tissue at point B' was 100% of the advancement at point B whilst the lower lip (labrale inferior) followed the advancement of incision inferior to 46%. Increased preoperative age was correlated (p<0.05) with more horizontal backward movement (T4-T3) for labrale superior and pogonion'. Higher NL/ML' angles were significantly correlated (p<0.05) with smaller horizontal soft tissue change at point B'. Gender and the amount of skeletal and dental advancement were not correlated with postoperative soft tissue changes (T4-T3). DOG of the anterior mandibular alveolar process is a valuable alternative for mandibular advancement regarding soft tissue change and predictability.

  17. Efficacy Trial of a Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents: Effects at 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M.; Wade, Emily

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effects of a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for high-risk adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms at 1- and 2-year follow-up. Method In this indicated prevention trial, 341 at-risk youth were randomized to a group CB intervention, group supportive expressive intervention, CB bibliotherapy, or educational brochure control condition. Results Group CB participants showed significantly greater reductions in depressive symptoms than brochure control participants by 1-year follow-up and compared to bibliotherapy participants by 1- and 2-year follow-up, but not relative to supportive expressive participants. Supportive expressive participants showed greater symptom reduction than CB bibliotherapy participants at 2-year follow-up. Risk for onset of major or minor depression over the 2-year follow-up was significantly lower for group CB participants (14%; OR = 2.2) and CB bibliotherapy participants (3%; OR = 8.1) than brochure controls (23%). Conclusions Results indicate that this group CB intervention reduces initial symptoms and risk for future depressive episodes, although both supportive expressive therapy and CB bibliotherapy also produce intervention effects that persist long term. Indeed, CB bibliotherapy emerged as the least expensive method of reducing risk for future episodes of depression. PMID:20873893

  18. Dynamic stabilization for L4-5 spondylolisthesis: comparison with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with more than 2 years of follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kuo, Chao-Hung; Chang, Peng-Yuan; Wu, Jau-Ching; Chang, Hsuan-Kan; Fay, Li-Yu; Tu, Tsung-Hsi; Cheng, Henrich; Huang, Wen-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE In the past decade, dynamic stabilization has been an emerging option of surgical treatment for lumbar spondylosis. However, the application of this dynamic construct for mild spondylolisthesis and its clinical outcomes remain uncertain. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of Dynesys dynamic stabilization (DDS) with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) for the management of single-level spondylolisthesis at L4-5. METHODS This study retrospectively reviewed 91 consecutive patients with Meyerding Grade I spondylolisthesis at L4-5 who were managed with surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: DDS and MI-TLIF. The DDS group was composed of patients who underwent standard laminectomy and the DDS system. The MI-TLIF group was composed of patients who underwent MI-TLIF. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores at each time point of evaluation. Evaluations included radiographs and CT scans for every patient for 2 years after surgery. RESULTS A total of 86 patients with L4-5 spondylolisthesis completed the follow-up of more than 2 years and were included in the analysis (follow-up rate of 94.5%). There were 64 patients in the DDS group and 22 patients in the MI-TLIF group, and the overall mean follow-up was 32.7 months. Between the 2 groups, there were no differences in demographic data (e.g., age, sex, and body mass index) or preoperative clinical evaluations (e.g., visual analog scale back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores). The mean estimated blood loss of the MI-TLIF group was lower, whereas the operation time was longer compared with the DDS group (both p < 0.001). For both groups, clinical outcomes were significantly improved at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after surgery compared with preoperative clinical status. Moreover, there were no differences between the 2

  19. A 2-year follow-up of a lifestyle physical activity versus a structured exercise intervention in older adults.

    PubMed

    Opdenacker, Joke; Delecluse, Christophe; Boen, Filip

    2011-09-01

    To evaluate the long-term effects of a lifestyle intervention and a structured exercise intervention on physical fitness and cardiovascular risk factors in older adults. Controlled trial with randomization between the intervention groups. Belgium, Vlaams-Brabant. One hundred eighty-six sedentary but healthy men and women aged 60 to 83. Participants in the lifestyle intervention were stimulated to integrate physical activity into their daily routines and received an individualized home-based program supported by telephone calls. The structured intervention consisted of three weekly supervised sessions in a fitness center. Both interventions lasted 11 months and focused on endurance, strength, flexibility, and postural and balance exercises. Cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength, functional performance, blood pressure, and body composition were measured before (pretest), at the end (11 months, posttest), and 1 year after the end (23 months, follow-up) of the interventions. The results from pretest to posttest have already been published. The current study analyzed the results from posttest to follow-up. There was a decrease in cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness, and functional performance from posttest to follow-up in the structured intervention group but not in the control group or the lifestyle intervention group. At 23 months, participants in both groups still showed improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness. In addition, the structured group showed long-term improvements in muscular fitness, whereas the lifestyle group showed long-term improvements in functional performance. No long-term effects were found for blood pressure or body composition. These results highlight the potential of a structured fitness center-based intervention and a home-based lifestyle intervention in the battle against inactivity in older adults. Lifestyle programs are especially valuable because they require fewer resources and less time from health institutions and health

  20. Quality of life assessment among haemodialysis patients in a single centre: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Santos, Paulo R; Daher, Elizabeth F; Silva, Geraldo B; Libório, Alexandre B; Kerr, Ligia R

    2009-06-01

    Prospective studies of the effects of long-standing haemodialysis (HD) on quality of life (QOL) show conflicting results. We investigated how QOL progresses over time in HD patients and what factors are associated with this evolution. We included chronic HD patients over the age of 18 from a single unit, who had never had transplants and survived the first 3 months of treatment. Ninety-two patients were followed for 2 years, and the SF-36 questionnaire was administered at baseline and every 12 months. Comorbidity was assessed at baseline using the Khan index. We used repeated-measures analysis of variance to establish changes in QOL and stepwise linear regression to identify continuous variables that could explain variations of SF-36 sub-scales. Then, according to the rate of change of QOL, we stratified the sample to identify the association between categorical variables and the evolution of QOL. There was a higher (better) final score related to social functioning (63.8 vs. 75.0; P < 0.01), role-emotional (39.7 vs. 63.1; P < 0.01) and mental health (63.1 vs. 69.0; P < 0.01) in the all-sample analysis, and in two other domains in low-comorbidity patients: physical functioning (56.7 vs. 63.5; P = 0.01) and bodily pain (56.7 vs. 66.5; P < 0.01). Creatinine (r = 0.09; P = 0.04) and age (r = -0.03; P = 0.02) were correlated with the evolution of general health and bodily pain, respectively. There were more women who presented deteriorated physical function than men (50.0 vs. 21.2%; P < 0.01). There was improvement of QOL mental domains over time. However, the physical aspects improved only in low-comorbidity patients. More women than men worsened regarding physical functioning.

  1. Y Shape Osteotomy in Ankylosing Spondylitis, a Prospective Case Series with Minimum 2 Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Huawei; Zhang, Xuesong; Wang, Yan

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of a spinal osteotomy technique, Y shape osteotomy, for correcting kyphosis in AS patients planned preoperatively with computer software-assistance. 36 consecutive AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis were treated with one-stage posterior Y shape osteotomy and preoperative surgical planning was done with the aid of the Surgimap Spine. Radiological parameters of simulation and immediate postoperation were documented. Clinical and radiological results were evaluated in the preoperative, the early postoperative periods and during the last follow-up. The lumbar lordosis was found as 40.7 ± 4.1 degrees in the surgical planning and 49.7 ± 3.9 degrees postoperatively (p<0.01). PI-LL was 3.8± 0.9°in the simulation procedure and 6.6± 1.5°postoperatively (p<0.01). At the final follow-up, Global sagittal balance was restored and Both Oswestry Disability Index and Scoliosis Research Society scores improved largely. In conclusion, Y shape osteotomy is a safe and effective treatment option for AS patients with kyphosis deformity. PMID:27936020

  2. Conservative treatment for lumbar compartment syndrome shows efficacy over 2-year follow-up: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Kanaya, Haruhisa; Enokida, Makoto; Tanishima, Shinji; Hayashi, Ikuta; Tanida, Atsushi; Nagashima, Hideki

    2017-06-20

    Since in all studies of conservative treatment of lumbar compartment syndrome the follow-up duration was less than 6 months, it is difficult to draw firm conclusions. To report a patient with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively over a follow-up period of 2 years. This is a case report of a 23-year-old male college student with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively. We report a case of a 23-year-old male college student with lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome who was treated conservatively. We repeatedly checked his physical examination, laboratory tests, lumbar compartment pressures, and magnetic resonance imaging, and surgical teams were readily prepared to operate should the patient's condition worsen. To prevent complications of rhabdomyolysis, hydration and alkalization were performed. We followed him up to 2 years after discharge. Although the temporal changes on MRI up to the 1-year point, the patient continued to have no symptoms. Conservative therapy can be recommended if rhabdomyolysis is under control.

  3. An observational study on surgically treated adult idiopathic scoliosis patients' quality of life outcomes at 1- and 2-year follow-ups and comparison to controls.

    PubMed

    Theis, Jennifer C; Grauers, Anna; Diarbakerli, Elias; Savvides, Panayiotis; Abbott, Allan; Gerdhem, Paul

    2017-01-01

    Prospective data on health-related quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis treated surgically as adults is needed. We compared preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data in surgically treated adults with idiopathic scoliosis with juvenile or adolescent onset. Results were compared to untreated adults with scoliosis and population normative data. A comparison of preoperative and 1- and 2-year follow-up data of 75 adults surgically treated for idiopathic scoliosis at a mean age of 28 years (range 18 to 69) from a prospective national register study, as well as a comparison with age- and sex-matched data from 75 untreated adults with less severe scoliosis and 75 adults without scoliosis, was made. Outcome measures were EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D) and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22r questionnaire. In the surgically treated, EQ-5D and SRS-22r scores had statistically significant improvements at both 1- and 2-year follow-ups (all p  < 0.015). The effect size of surgery on EQ-5D at 1-year follow-up was large (r = -0.54) and small-medium (r = -0.20) at 2-year follow-up. The effect size of surgery on SRS-22r outcomes was medium-large at 1- and 2-year follow-ups (r = -0.43 and r = -0.42 respectively). At the 2-year follow-up, the EQ-5D score and the SRS-22r subscore were similar to the untreated scoliosis group (p = 0.56 and p = 0.91 respectively), but lower than those in the adults without scoliosis (p < 0.001 for both comparisons). Adults with idiopathic scoliosis experience an increase in health-related quality of life following surgery at 2-year follow-up, approaching the health-related quality of life of untreated individuals with less severe scoliosis, but remain lower than normative population data.

  4. Cervical compensatory alignment changes following correction of adult thoracic deformity: a multicenter experience in 57 patients with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Oh, Taemin; Scheer, Justin K; Eastlack, Robert; Smith, Justin S; Lafage, Virginie; Protopsaltis, Themistocles S; Klineberg, Eric; Passias, Peter G; Deviren, Vedat; Hostin, Richard; Gupta, Munish; Bess, Shay; Schwab, Frank; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Ames, Christopher P

    2015-06-01

    OBJECT Alignment changes in the cervical spine that occur following surgical correction for thoracic deformity remain poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate such changes in a cohort of adults with thoracic deformity treated surgically. METHODS The authors conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with thoracic deformity. Inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: corrective osteotomy for thoracic deformity, upper-most instrumented vertebra (UIV) between T-1 and T-4, lower-most instrumented vertebra (LIV) at or above L-5 (LIV ≥ L-5) or at the ilium (LIV-ilium), and a minimum radiographic follow-up of 2 years. Sagittal radiographic parameters were assessed preoperatively as well as at 3 months and 2 years postoperatively, including the C-7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), C2-7 cervical lordosis (CL), C2-7 SVA, T-1 slope (T1S), T1S minus CL (T1S-CL), T2-12 thoracic kyphosis (TK), apical TK, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), PI-LL, pelvic tilt (PT), and sacral slope (SS). RESULTS Fifty-seven patients with a mean age of 49.1 ± 14.6 years met the study inclusion criteria. The preoperative prevalence of increased CL (CL > 15°) was 48.9%. Both 3-month and 2-year apical TK improved from baseline (p < 0.05, statistically significant). At the 2-year follow-up, only the C2-7 SVA increased significantly from baseline (p = 0.01), whereas LL decreased from baseline (p < 0.01). The prevalence of increased CL was 35.3% at 3 months and 47.8% at 2 years, which did not represent a significant change. Postoperative cervical alignment changes were not significantly different from preoperative values regardless of the LIV (LIV ≥ L-5 or LIV-ilium, p > 0.05 for both). In a subset of patients with a maximum TK ≥ 60° (35 patients) and 3-column osteotomy (38 patients), no significant postoperative cervical changes were seen. CONCLUSION Increased CL is common in adult spinal deformity patients with thoracic deformities

  5. Prediction of response to treatment in a randomized clinical trial of couple therapy: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Baucom, Brian R; Atkins, David C; Simpson, Lorelei E; Christensen, Andrew

    2009-02-01

    Many studies have examined pretreatment predictors of immediate posttreatment outcome, but few studies have examined prediction of long-term treatment response to couple therapies. Four groups of predictors (demographic, intrapersonal, communication, and other interpersonal) and 2 moderators (pretreatment severity and type of therapy) were explored as predictors of clinically significant change measured 2 years after treatment termination. Results demonstrated that power processes and expressed emotional arousal were the strongest predictors of 2-year response to treatment. Moderation analyses showed that these variables predicted differential treatment response to traditional versus integrative behavioral couple therapy and that more variables predicted 2-year response for couples who were less distressed when beginning treatment. Findings are discussed with regard to existing work on prediction of treatment response, and directions for further study are offered.

  6. Clinical and radiographic outcomes of the use of four dressing materials in pulpotomized primary molars: a randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Fernández, Cristina Cuadros; Martínez, Sandra Sáez; Jimeno, Francisco Guinot; Lorente Rodríguez, Ana I; Mercadé, Montse

    2013-11-01

    Although multiple materials have been suggested for pulpotomized primary molars, there is no reliable evidence of the superiority of one particular type. To compare the effectiveness of formocresol (FC), mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), ferric sulphate, and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) as pulp dressing agents in primary molars after 2 years. One hundred primary molars requiring pulp treatment were allocated randomly to the control (FC) and experimental groups (MTA, ferric sulphate, and NaOCl). Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Statistical analysis using Fischer's exact test was performed to determine the significant differences between groups. In the FC and MTA groups, 100% of the available teeth were clinically successful at all follow-up appointments. In the NaOCl group, one clinical failure was found at 18 months, and two clinical failures in the ferric sulphate group were noted at 12 and 24 months, but no significant differences were found among the groups (P = 0.41). No significant differences in radiographic success were found among all the groups at 24 months of follow-up (P = 0.303). No statistically significant differences among the four materials were found at 24 months suggesting that NaOCl may be an appropriate substitute for FC. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd, BSPD and IAPD.

  7. Arthroscopic Latarjet Procedure With Anterior Capsular Reconstruction: Clinical Outcome and Radiologic Evaluation With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yi-Ming; Jiang, Chunyan; Song, Guanyang; Lu, Yi; Li, Fenglong

    2017-08-16

    To investigate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of the modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure at a minimum of 2 years after surgery. Patients who had traumatic unidirectional anterior shoulder instability and treated with a modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure were included. During surgery, the anterior capsule was preserved and repaired back to the glenoid after the coracoid transfer. The clinical results (range of motion, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons [ASES] score, Constant-Murley score, and Rowe score) and computed tomographic results were followed. From February 2013 to September 2014, 52 consecutive patients were included. The average duration of follow-up was 28.4 months (range, 24.0-41.7 months). At final follow-up, no recurrent dislocation had occurred. The ASES score and Rowe score improved significantly (ASES score from 85.6 ± 12.7 before surgery to 93.6 ± 5.4 after surgery, P < .0001; Rowe score from 41.5 ± 7.2 before surgery to 92.2 ± 8.7 after surgery, P < .0001). No significant change was found regarding range of motion and the Constant-Murley score. Bone union was achieved in all cases. The transferred coracoid was at the level of the glenoid in all cases. The transferred coracoid was placed below the equator in 48 of 52 cases (92.3%). The orientation of the screw was 22.6° ± 10.8°. Bone resorption around the proximal screw was significantly more prominent than that around the distal screw (P < .0001). The arthroscopic Latarjet procedure with concomitant anterior capsular reconstruction can achieve satisfactory clinical outcomes for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with marked glenoid bone loss at a minimum of 2 years' follow-up. A satisfactory coracoid graft position, proper screw orientation, and high healing rate of the transferred coracoid can be expected. Bone resorption around the proximal screw is more severe than that around the distal screw. Level IV, therapeutic case series. Copyright © 2017

  8. Health in overweight children: 2-year follow-up of Finnmark Activity School—a randomised trial

    PubMed Central

    Kokkvoll, Ane; Grimsgaard, Sameline; Steinsbekk, Silje; Flægstad, Trond; Njølstad, Inger

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare a comprehensive lifestyle intervention for overweight children performed in groups of families with a conventional single-family treatment. Two-year follow-up data on anthropometric and psychological outcome are presented. Design Overweight and obese children aged 6–12 years with body mass index (BMI) corresponding to ≥27.5 kg/m2 in adults were randomised to multiple-family (n=48) or single-family intervention (n=49) in a parallel design. Multiple-family intervention comprised an inpatient programme with other families and a multidisciplinary team, follow-up visits in their hometown, weekly physical activity and a family camp. Single-family intervention included counselling by paediatric nurse, paediatric consultant and nutritionist at the hospital and follow-up by a community public health nurse. Primary outcome measures were change in BMI kg/m2 and BMI SD score after 2 years. Results BMI increased by 1.29 kg/m2 in the multiple-family intervention compared with 2.02 kg/m2 in the single-family intervention (p=0.075). BMI SD score decreased by 0.20 units in the multiple-family group and 0.08 units in the single-family intervention group (p=0.046). A between-group difference of 2.4 cm in waist circumference (p=0.038) was detected. Pooled data from both treatment groups showed a significant decrease in BMI SD score of 0.14 units and a significant decrease in parent-reported and self-reported Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire total score of 1.9 units. Conclusions Two-year outcome showed no between-group difference in BMI. A small between-group effect in BMI SD score and waist circumference favouring multiple-family intervention was detected. Pooled data showed an overall improvement in psychological outcome measures and BMI SD score. Trial registration number NCT00872807, http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. PMID:25414250

  9. Vertical Gastric Bypass with Fundectomy: Feasibility and 2-Year Follow-Up in a Series of Morbidly Obese Patients.

    PubMed

    Zappa, Marco Antonio; Aiolfi, Alberto; Musolino, Cinzia; Giusti, Maria Paola; Lesti, Giovanni; Porta, Andrea

    2017-08-01

    Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is the gold standard procedure for morbid obesity and its results are well known and largely discussed. The major limitation of the procedure is the difficult exploration of the excluded gastric pouch and duodenum. The vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy was recently introduced in attempt to overcome these limitations. To date, its effectiveness is debated and outcomes still unclear. The purposes of this study were to describe the vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy and to analyse its outcomes in term of weight loss, complications, and comorbid resolutions. Since January 2012 to July 2014, 30 consecutive patients were enrolled and prospectively followed for a 24-month period. All patients underwent the vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy. Follow-up visits were scheduled at 7 days, 1, 6, 12, and 24 months, or whenever necessary. Overall, 24 women and six men were enrolled in the study. Mean preoperative BMI was 38.2 ± 8.5 kg/m(2). No intraoperative complications were reported. Postoperative overall complication rate was 10%. Compliance to the 24-month follow-up was 100%. Mean BMI and excess weight loss (EWL%) were significantly lower compared to baseline (p < 0.05). Comorbid improvement or resolution was recorded in the 80% of the patients. Vertical gastric bypass with fundectomy is feasible and effective with similar results in terms of weight loss, complications, and comorbid improving compared to the classic RYGB. Complete evaluation of the gastric anatomy and easy access to the main duodenal papilla are unquestionable advantages.

  10. Pure natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery management of simple renal cysts: 2-year follow-up results.

    PubMed

    Li, En-Chun; Hou, Jian-Quan; Yang, Lin-Bin; Yuan, He-Xing; Hang, Li-Hua; Alagirisamy, Krishna-Kumar; Li, Da-Peng; Wang, Xiao-Ping

    2011-01-01

    Retrograde ureteroscopic marsupialization is a pure natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). We retrospectively examined the feasibility and safety of this technique to manage symptomatic simple renal cysts. Sixteen patients with simple renal cysts were selected and treated by incising the cyst wall to drain into the collecting system through retrograde ureteroscopy. A retrospective observational study was performed to evaluate the patient's symptomatic and radiologic results after ureteroscopic marsupialization. Symptomatic success based on pain relief was evaluated using a visual analog pain scale preoperatively and postoperatively. Radiologic success was defined as no recurrence of the cyst or a reduction in cyst size by at least half. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications observed. The mean operative time was 35 minutes (range 20-50 min). The mean hospital stay was 3.4 days (range 2-5 d). Of the 16 patients, one patient was lost at follow-up. The symptoms based on pain had resolved in 13 (83%) cases but remained in 2 cases at a mean follow-up of 24.2 months (range 6-36 mos). The average visual analog pain scale decreased from 6.7 (range 4-9) to 1.1 (range 0-5) at the sixth month. The mean size of all cysts decreased from 6.8 cm (range 4-10 cm) to 1.3 cm (range 0-5 cm). Radiographic success was achieved in 93% (14/15) of patients. Cytology and cyst wall pathology reports revealed no evidence of malignancy. Retrograde ureteroscopic marsupialization is a complete transurethral NOTES marsupialization. With appropriate patient selection, the minimally invasive retrograde ureteroscopic marsupialization is feasible, safe, and effective. It can be preferred to more invasive laparoscopic or open surgical approaches.

  11. Clinical results of endoscopic sciatic nerve decompression for deep gluteal syndrome: mean 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Park, Myung-Sik; Yoon, Sun-Jung; Jung, Sung-Yeop; Kim, Seung-Ho

    2016-05-20

    The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of endoscopic sciatic nerve decompression and evaluated the differences of clinical results between atraumatic and traumatic groups. Sixty consecutive patients. We retrospectively reviewed sixty consecutive patients without major trauma (45 hips) or with major trauma (15 hips) groups to compare the outcomes of endoscopic treatment.). The mean follow-up period was 24 ± 2.6 months (range, 24-38.4 months). The mean duration of symptoms was 14.1 months (range, 12 to 32 months). Compromising structures were piriformis muscle, fibrovascular bundles, and adhesion with scar tissues. The mean VAS score for pain decreased from 7.4 ± 1.5 to 2.6 ± 1.5 (P = .001). The mean mHHS increased from 81.7 ± 9.6 to 91.8 ± 7.6 (P = .003). Clinically, positive paresthesia and seated piriformis test were statistically significant to diagnosis sciatic entrapment syndrome. Paresthesia and sitting pain were significantly improved at the final follow-up (P = .002). More favorable outcome was observed a group without major trauma. No complication was observed. Endoscopic sciatic nerve decompression is a safe and effective procedure for the management of DGS. Patients with major trauma could have poor clinical outcome. Seated piriformis test, FADIR, and tenderness of sciatic notch are maybe useful guide for pre and postoperative evaluation of DGS.

  12. Risk Factors Associated with Adjacent and Remote- Level Pathologic Vertebral Compression Fracture Following Balloon Kyphoplasty: 2-Year Follow-Up Comparison Versus Conservative Treatment.

    PubMed

    Faloon, Michael J; Ruoff, Mark; Deshpande, Chetan; Hohman, Donald; Dunn, Conor; Beckloff, Nicholas; Patel, Dipak V

    2015-01-01

    Vertebral compression fractures are a significant source of morbidity and mortality among patients of all age groups. These fractures result in both acute and chronic pain. Patients who sustain such fractures are known to suffer from more comorbidities and have a higher mortality rate compared with healthy people in the same age group. In recent years, balloon kyphoplasty has become a popular method for treating vertebral compression fractures. However, as longer-term follow-up becomes available, the effects of cement augmentation on adjacent spinal segments require investigation. Here, we have performed a retrospective chart review of 258 consecutive patients with pathologic vertebral compression fractures secondary to osteoporosis, treated by either conservative measures or balloon kyphoplasty with polymethylmethacrylate cement augmentation. Multivariate analysis of patient comorbidities was performed to assess the risks associated with subsequent adjacent and remote compression fracture at a minimum of 2 years follow-up. A total of 258 patients had 361 vertebral compression fractures. A total of 121 patients were treated nonoperatively and 137 underwent balloon kyphoplasty with polymethylmethacrylate cement augmentation. The mean follow-up for both cohorts was 2.7 years (range, 2-6 years). The kyphoplasty cohort was significantly older than the nonoperative cohort (mean age, 78.5 versus 74.2 years; p = 0.02), had 24 more patients with diabetes mellitus (37 versus 13; p = 0.05), and had 34 more patients with a history of smoking (50 versus 16; p = 0.05). However, the kyphoplasty cohort had less patients with a history of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use (45 versus 71; p = 0.07). There were no demographic differences between groups in patients with secondary fractures. Nonoperative treatment was identified as a statistically significant independent risk factor for subsequent vertebral compression fracture [odds ratio (OR), 2.28]. Univariate

  13. Outcomes of a New Residential Scheme for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in Taiwan: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Y-C.; Pu, C.; Kroger, T.; Lee, W.; Chang, S.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The Taiwanese government launched a new programme in November 2004 to support adults with intellectual disabilities living in smaller facilities. This paper aims to evaluate the service outcomes of this new residential scheme over 2 years including those residents who moved from an institution and those who moved from their family.…

  14. Outcomes of a New Residential Scheme for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities in Taiwan: A 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Y-C.; Pu, C.; Kroger, T.; Lee, W.; Chang, S.

    2011-01-01

    Background: The Taiwanese government launched a new programme in November 2004 to support adults with intellectual disabilities living in smaller facilities. This paper aims to evaluate the service outcomes of this new residential scheme over 2 years including those residents who moved from an institution and those who moved from their family.…

  15. Group and Individual Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Using Cognitive Therapy and Exposure Plus Response Prevention: A 2-Year Follow-Up of Two Randomized Trials

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whittal, Maureen L.; Robichaud, Melisa; Thordarson, Dana S.; McLean, Peter D.

    2008-01-01

    Relatively little is known about the long-term durability of group treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and contemporary cognitive treatments. The current study investigated the 2-year follow-up results for participants who completed randomized trials of group or individual treatment and received either cognitive therapy (CT) or…

  16. Continuity, Comorbidity and Longitudinal Associations between Depression and Antisocial Behaviour in Middle Adolescence: A 2-Year Prospective Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritakallio, Minna; Koivisto, Anna-Maija; von der Pahlen, Bettina; Pelkonen, Mirjami; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu

    2008-01-01

    The study investigated continuity, comorbidity and longitudinal associations between depression Beck depression inventory (RBDI) and antisocial behaviour Youth self-report (YSR) in middle adolescence. Data were used from a community sample of 2070 adolescents who participated in a 2-year prospective follow-up study. The results indicate that both…

  17. Efficacy Trial of a Selective Prevention Program Targeting Both Eating Disorders and Obesity among Female College Students: 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Method: Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the "Healthy Weight 2" group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy…

  18. Efficacy Trial of a Selective Prevention Program Targeting Both Eating Disorders and Obesity among Female College Students: 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C. Nathan

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Method: Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the "Healthy Weight 2" group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy…

  19. Efficacy Trial of a Brief Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention Program for High-Risk Adolescents: Effects at 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Gau, Jeff M.; Wade, Emily

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the effects of a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for high-risk adolescents with elevated depressive symptoms at 1- and 2-year follow-up. Method: In this indicated prevention trial, 341 at-risk youths were randomized to a group CB intervention, group supportive expressive intervention, CB…

  20. Total disc replacement compared to lumbar fusion: a randomised controlled trial with 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Tullberg, Tycho; Branth, Björn; Olerud, Claes; Tropp, Hans

    2009-01-01

    The study design includes a prospective, randomised controlled study comparing total disc replacement (TDR) with posterior fusion. The main objective of this study is to compare TDR with lumbar spinal fusion, in terms of clinical outcome, in patients referred to a spine clinic for surgical evaluation. Fusion is effective for treating chronic low back pain (LBP), but has drawbacks, such as stiffness and possibly adjacent level degradation. Motion-preserving options have emerged, of which TDR is frequently used because of these drawbacks. How the results of TDR compare to fusion, however, is uncertain. One hundred and fifty-two patients with a mean age of 40 years (21–55) were included: 90 were women, and 80 underwent TDR. The patients had not responded to a conservative treatment programme and suffered from predominantly LBP, with varying degrees of leg pain. Diagnosis was based on clinical examination, radiographs, MRI, and in unclear cases, diagnostic injections. Outcome measures were global assessment (GA), VAS for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, SF36 and EQ5D at 1 and 2 years. Follow-up rate was 100%, at both 1 and 2 years. All outcome variables improved in both groups between preoperative and follow-up assessment. The primary outcome measure, GA, revealed that 30% in the TDR group and 15% in the fusion group were totally pain-free at 2 years (P = 0.031). TDR patients had reached maximum recovery in virtually all variables at 1 year, with significant differences compared to the fusion group. The fusion patients continued to improve and at 2 years had results similar to TDR patients apart from numbers of pain-free. Complications and reoperations were similar in both groups, but pedicle screw removal as additive surgery, was frequent in the fusion group. One year after surgery, TDR was superior to spinal fusion in clinical outcome, but this difference had diminished by 2 years, apart from (VAS for back pain and) numbers of pain-free. The

  1. Percutaneous microwave ablation of renal cancers under CT guidance: safety and efficacy with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Chan, P; Vélasco, S; Vesselle, G; Boucebci, S; Herpe, G; Debaene, B; Ingrand, P; Irani, J; Tasu, J-P

    2017-09-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficiency of percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) of renal cell carcinomas (RCC) carried out under computed tomography (CT) guidance. A retrospective study was performed on RCC that was either histologically proven or diagnosed at imaging (Bosniak IV cyst) and treated by MWA under general anaesthesia with CT guidance. Indications for percutaneous ablation were based on the American Urological Association recommendations. Twenty-four months post-procedure follow-up was performed. Sixty-two patients presenting one or more RCC (84 tumours ranging from 10-48 mm in diameter; mean diameter: 25.6 mm) were included. Technical success was achieved for 78 tumours (58 patients). For four patients, the treatment was stopped due to gas dissection failure. At 3 months, six residual tumours were observed (8%). At 6 months, two recurrences and one residual tumour (3.8%) were observed; all were retreated with complete success. At 12 months, local control of the disease was achieved in 94% of cases (100% in cases where treatment was performed). Two cases of distal metastasis were observed after 12 and 24 months. At 24 months, one patient presented with a contralateral tumour. The complication rate was 4.8% including one grade III complication and two grade II complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification. At 2 years, the cumulative disease-free survival rate and overall survival were 95% and 97%, respectively. MWA ablation under CT guidance to treat RCC is safe and provides a high rate of effectiveness at 24 months. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Randomized controlled trial of supported employment in England: 2 year follow-up of the Supported Work and Needs (SWAN) study

    PubMed Central

    HESLIN, MARGARET; HOWARD, LOUISE; LEESE, MORVEN; McCRONE, PAUL; RICE, CHRISTOPHER; JARRETT, MANUELA; SPOKES, TERRY; HUXLEY, PETER; THORNICROFT, GRAHAM

    2011-01-01

    Studies from North America have concluded that supported employment using the Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model is effective in helping individuals with severe and persistent mental illness gain competitive employment. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of IPS in England in patients followed up for 2 years. Patients with severe mental illness were randomised to IPS or local vocational services (treatment as usual). Service use and costs were measured. Two hundred-nineteen participants were randomised, and 86% re-assessed 2 years later. In the multivariate analysis, relatively low rates of competitive employment were found in both the intervention group and the treatment as usual group, although significantly more patients obtained competitive employment in the treatment arm (22% vs. 11%, p=0.041). There were no significant differences in costs. The employment rate among participants receiving IPS was lower than in previously published reports, and the number needed to treat to obtain the benefit of IPS was relatively high. This may reflect difficulties in the implementation of IPS where it is not structurally integrated within mental health teams, as well as economic disincentives which lead to lower levels of motivation for patients and mental health professionals. PMID:21633690

  3. A 2-year follow-up of primary molars, pulpotomized with a gentle technique and capped with calcium hydroxide.

    PubMed

    Schröder, U

    1978-07-01

    The prognosis for pulpotomy of primary molars with calcium hydroxide as wound dressing was evaluated clinically and radiographically. Thirty-three primary mandibular molars were amputated under the following conditions: (1) chronic coronal pulpitis, (2) the amputation was done with diamond instruments and a high-speed machine under aseptic conditions, and (3) application of calcium hydroxide in contact with the wound surface. After 1 year the treatment was regarded as successful for 22 of the teeth (67%); 11 teeth showed internal dentin resorption. After 2 years the frequency of success, allowing for drop-out, was 59%. Internal dentin resorption was seen in 14 root canals; in 10 of them within the first 6 months. A histologic study of nine root pulps with internal dentin resorption revealed an extra-pulpal blood clot on the wound surface in five.

  4. Knowledge, use of and attitudes towards peer support: a 2-year follow-up to the Prince's Trust survey.

    PubMed

    Cowie, Helen; Naylor, Paul; Talamelli, Lorenzo; Chauhan, Preeti; Smith, Peter

    2002-10-01

    This present study investigated how school peer support systems studied 2 years earlier in a survey funded by The Prince's Trust have evolved. In all, 413 pupils (actual and potential users of the systems) aged 13-14 (Year 9--Y9) and 15-16 (Year 11--Y11), 34 teachers in charge of systems and 80 peer supporters in 35 secondary schools were interviewed using structured schedules for the pupils and semi-structured ones for the teachers and peer supporters. All of these interviews focussed on the respondents' perceptions and experiences of the school's peer support system, including: the perceived benefits to users of the system; benefits to peer supporters; problems with the system and the attempts made to overcome them. There was widespread support for the systems and a strong sense that both teachers and peer supporters were increasingly confident about the value of their service. However, some problems remain, notably with regard to gender. The study documents difficulties in the recruitment and retention of boys as peer supporters because of peer pressure to conform to a "macho" image. The issue is discussed and some solutions presented.

  5. [A 2-year follow-up of a program for the control of cardiovascular risk factors among asymptomatic workers].

    PubMed

    Kauffmann, R; Bunout, D; Hidalgo, C; Aicardi, V; Rodríguez, R; Cañas, L; Roessler, E

    1992-07-01

    In 1987, a cardiovascular risk profile was obtained on 836 workers of the National Electricity Co in Santiago. There were 714 males and 125 females, the mean age was 45 years (ES +/- 0.3). Hypertension (systolic pressure > 160 or diastolic > 90 mmHg) was present in 17% of subjects, hypercholesterolemia (> 240 mg/dl or > 220 mg/dl associated to 2 other risk factors) in 17%, obesity (> 20% above ideal weight) in 33% and 29% were smokers. An advice to stop smoking, changes in the casino menu and hypertension, obesity and hypercholesterolemia's control programs were offered. These were attended by 108 hypertensives, 141 subjects with hypercholesterolemia and 104 obese individuals with an attendance rate of 64%, 75 and 77% respectively. Measurements repeated 2 years later revealed a reduction in diastolic pressure of 3.3 +/- 1.1 mmHg (p < 0.004) only in adherent subjects. Cholesterol levels were reduced by 24 +/- 3 mg/dl (p < 0.001) with no differences for non participants, adherent and non adherent subjects. Adherent obese subjects reduced their weight by 2.2 +/- 0.4 kg (p < 0.001). There was no change in the number of smokers.

  6. Time to remission for eating disorder patients: a 2(1/2)-year follow-up study of outcome and predictors.

    PubMed

    Clausen, Loa

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyse outcome, time to remission, and predictors of time to remission in a cohort of Danish eating disorder patients. Seventy-eight patients (35 anorexic, 30 bulimic and 13 unspecified eating disorder patients) were interviewed 2(1/2) years after initial assessment. Method of assessment was Eating Disorder Examination (EDE), Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Evaluation of Eating Disorders (LIFE-EAT-II), Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI), Symptom Check List (SCL-90R), Present State Examination (PSE) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Axis-II (SCID-II). Method of analysis was Kaplan-Meier estimate of survival, Log Rank test and Cox regression analysis. In total 48.7% reached remission with mean time to remission at 27 months. A trend difference between the diagnostic groups when measuring time to remission was found, i.e. patients with unspecified eating disorders remitted faster than bulimic (BN) patients who in turn remitted faster than anorexic (AN) patients. Body mass index (BMI) at baseline was the best predictor of time to remission for the total sample. Predictors differed when looking at diagnostic groups separately. Final outcome was comparable with earlier studies while relapse frequency was low. Patients with AN remitted faster than found in earlier survival analysis studies, while the remission rate for BN patients was comparable with earlier studies. Despite the prognostic value of BMI for the total sample, predictor analysis implied more disorder diversity than homogeneity.

  7. Fat in the lumbar multifidus muscles - predictive value and change following disc prosthesis surgery and multidisciplinary rehabilitation in patients with chronic low back pain and degenerative disc: 2-year follow-up of a randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Storheim, Kjersti; Berg, Linda; Hellum, Christian; Gjertsen, Øivind; Neckelmann, Gesche; Espeland, Ansgar; Keller, Anne

    2017-04-04

    Evidence is lacking on whether fat infiltration in the multifidus muscles affects outcomes after total disc replacement (TDR) surgery and if it develops after surgery. The aims of this study were 1) to investigate whether pre-treatment multifidus muscle fat infiltration predicts outcome 2 years after treatment with TDR surgery or multidisciplinary rehabilitation, and 2) to compare changes in multifidus muscle fat infiltration from pre-treatment to 2-year follow-up between the two treatment groups. The study is secondary analysis of data from a trial with 2-year follow-up of patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) and degenerative disc randomized to TDR surgery or multidisciplinary rehabilitation. We analyzed (aim 1) patients with both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at pre-treatment and valid data on outcome measures at 2-year follow-up (predictor analysis), and (aim 2) patients with MRI at both pre-treatment and 2-year follow-up. Outcome measures were visual analogue scale (VAS) for LBP, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), work status and muscle fat infiltration on MRI. Patients with pre-treatment MRI and 2-year outcome data on VAS for LBP (n = 144), ODI (n = 147), and work status (n = 137) were analyzed for prediction purposes. At 2-year follow-up, 126 patients had another MRI scan, and change in muscle fat infiltration was compared between the two treatment groups. Three radiologists visually quantified multifidus muscle fat in the three lower lumbar levels on MRI as <20% (grade 0), 20-50% (grade 1), or >50% (grade 2) of the muscle cross-section containing fat. Regression analysis and a mid-P exact test were carried out. Grade 0 pre-treatment multifidus muscle fat predicted better clinical results at 2-year follow-up after TDR surgery (all outcomes) but not after rehabilitation. At 2-year follow-up, increased fat infiltration was more common in the surgery group (intention-to-treat p = 0.03, per protocol p = 0.08) where it was related to

  8. High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation is Necessary After Bariatric Surgery: A Prospective 2-Year Follow-up Study.

    PubMed

    Lanzarini, Enrique; Nogués, Xavier; Goday, Albert; Benaiges, David; de Ramón, Marta; Villatoro, Montserrat; Pera, Manuel; Grande, Luis; Ramón, José Manuel

    2015-09-01

    We assessed the need of vitamin D supplementation to achieve normal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) levels after bariatric surgery and whether there were differences between laparoscopy sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB). A total of 164 morbid obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery from January 2008 to June 2011 were followed for 2 years. Serum levels of 25(OH)D and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were measured preoperatively and at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after operation. All patients received 400 IU/day of 25(OH)D. Patients received additional supplementation with 16,000 IU of vitamin D3 (calcifediol) every 2 weeks if 25(OH)D serum levels were < 30 ng/mL (intervention group). Ninety-six (58.5 %) patients underwent LSG and 68 (41.5 %) LRYGB. A total of 106 (64.6 %) patients received calcifediol supplementation (62 in the LSG group and 44 in the LRYGB group). Normal 25(OH)D levels at 24 months were recorded in 69 % of patients in the intervention group and in 48.3 % in the non-intervention group. At 24 months, mean 25(OH)D levels in the non-intervention group were significantly lower among LRYGB patients than among LSG patients (P = 0.009). In the intervention group, normal 25(OH)D levels were achieved in 60 % of patients treated with LSG and in 22.2 % of those treated with LRYGB. Secondary hyperparathyroidism was presented in 49 (29.9 %) patients preoperatively but without significant differences in iPTH levels between the two surgical procedures. Patients undergoing bariatric surgery should receive high-dose vitamin D supplementation independently of the surgical technique.

  9. Return to Play and Patient Satisfaction After ACL Reconstruction: Study with Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Nwachukwu, Benedict U; Voleti, Pramod B; Berkanish, Patricia; Chang, Brenda; Cohn, Matthew R; Williams, Riley J; Allen, Answorth A

    2017-05-03

    Return to play and patient satisfaction after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) have been inconsistently studied. The purposes of this study were to (1) investigate rates and predictors of return to play after ACLR, (2) evaluate patient satisfaction after ACLR, and (3) analyze the relationship between return to play and satisfaction with the result of ACLR. Eligible patients were active athletes included in an institutional ACL registry who had undergone ACLR and had been followed for a minimum of 2 years. A questionnaire was administered to elicit information regarding factors associated with return to play, sports performance, reinjury, and overall patient satisfaction. The Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare return to play with patient satisfaction. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify demographic, sports, and clinical factors associated with return to play. Two hundred and thirty-two patients with a mean age of 26.7 years (standard deviation [SD] = 12.5 years) who had been followed for a mean of 3.7 years were enrolled. Of 231 patients who responded to the return-to-play question, 201 (87.0%) had returned to play, at a mean of 10.1 months; of 175 athletes eligible to return to their prior level of competition, 89.1% had done so. Overall satisfaction was high: 85.4% were very satisfied with the outcome and 98.1% stated that they would have surgery again. Patients were more likely to respond "very satisfied" if they had returned to play (p < 0.001). Use of a patellar tendon autograft (odds ratio [OR] = 5.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.32 to 25.76) increased the chance of returning to play whereas playing soccer (OR = 0.23, 95% CI = 0.08 to 0.66) or lacrosse (OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.06 to 0.99) preoperatively decreased the likelihood of returning to play. The rates of return to play and patient satisfaction are high after ACLR in active athletes. The use of patellar tendon autograft increased the likelihood of

  10. Effect of Workplace Noise on Hearing Ability in Tile and Ceramic Industry Workers in Iran: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    PubMed Central

    Mirmohammadi, Seyyed Jalil; Mehrparvar, Amir Houshang; Mollasadeghi, Abolfazl

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Noise as a common physical hazard may lead to noise-induced hearing loss, an irreversible but preventable disorder. Annual audiometric evaluations help detect changes in hearing status before clinically significant hearing loss develops. This study was designed to track hearing threshold changes during 2-year follow-up among tile and ceramic workers. Methods. This follow-up study was conducted on 555 workers (totally 1110 ears). Subjects were divided into four groups according to the level of noise exposure. Hearing threshold in conventional audiometric frequencies was measured and standard threshold shift was calculated for each ear. Results. Hearing threshold was increased during 2 years of follow-up. Increased hearing threshold was most frequently observed at 4000, 6000, and 3000 Hz. Standard threshold shift was observed in 13 (2.34%), 49 (8.83%), 22 (3.96%), and 63 (11.35%) subjects in the first and second years of follow-up in the right and left ears, respectively. Conclusions. This study has documented a high incidence of noise-induced hearing loss in tile and ceramic workers that would put stress on the importance of using hearing protection devices. PMID:24453922

  11. Vitamin B12 and Progression of White Matter Lesions. A 2-Year Follow-Up Study in First-Ever Lacunar Stroke Patients

    PubMed Central

    van Overbeek, Ellen C.; Staals, Julie; van Oostenbrugge, Robert J.

    2013-01-01

    In cross-sectional studies periventricular white matter lesions (WML) were related to low plasma levels of vitamin B12. Whether low vitamin B12 levels are also related to progression of WML is still unknown. We studied baseline vitamin B12 levels and its association with progression of WML over 2 years of follow-up in first-ever lacunar stroke patients. In 107 first-ever lacunar stroke patients in whom baseline brain MRI and vitamin B12 status were available, we obtained a follow-up brain MRI after 2 years. We assessed progression of periventricular WML (pWML) and deep WML (dWML) using a visual WML change scale. We studied the relationship between baseline levels of plasma vitamin B12 and progression of WML after 2 years of follow-up by binary logistic regression analyses. Vitamin B12 deficiency was more frequent in patients with progression of pWML compared to those without progression (41.9% and 19.7% respectively, p = 0.02). Corrected for sex and age, progression of pWML was associated with lower baseline levels of vitamin B12 (OR 1.42 per 50 unit decrease, 95% CI 1.00-1.92). Vitamin B12 levels were not associated with progression of dWML. In conclusion progression of pWML after 2 years of follow-up relates to low levels of vitamin B12 at baseline in first-ever lacunar stroke patients. Whether this population could benefit from vitamin B12 supplementation is unknown and requires further investigation. PMID:24155983

  12. Vitamin B12 and progression of white matter lesions. A 2-year follow-up study in first-ever lacunar stroke patients.

    PubMed

    van Overbeek, Ellen C; Staals, Julie; van Oostenbrugge, Robert J

    2013-01-01

    In cross-sectional studies periventricular white matter lesions (WML) were related to low plasma levels of vitamin B12. Whether low vitamin B12 levels are also related to progression of WML is still unknown. We studied baseline vitamin B12 levels and its association with progression of WML over 2 years of follow-up in first-ever lacunar stroke patients. In 107 first-ever lacunar stroke patients in whom baseline brain MRI and vitamin B12 status were available, we obtained a follow-up brain MRI after 2 years. We assessed progression of periventricular WML (pWML) and deep WML (dWML) using a visual WML change scale. We studied the relationship between baseline levels of plasma vitamin B12 and progression of WML after 2 years of follow-up by binary logistic regression analyses. Vitamin B12 deficiency was more frequent in patients with progression of pWML compared to those without progression (41.9% and 19.7% respectively, p = 0.02). Corrected for sex and age, progression of pWML was associated with lower baseline levels of vitamin B12 (OR 1.42 per 50 unit decrease, 95% CI 1.00-1.92). Vitamin B12 levels were not associated with progression of dWML. In conclusion progression of pWML after 2 years of follow-up relates to low levels of vitamin B12 at baseline in first-ever lacunar stroke patients. Whether this population could benefit from vitamin B12 supplementation is unknown and requires further investigation.

  13. Efficacy trial of a selective prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity among female college students: 1- and 2-year follow-up effects.

    PubMed

    Stice, Eric; Rohde, Paul; Shaw, Heather; Marti, C Nathan

    2013-02-01

    Evaluate the effects of a prevention program targeting both eating disorders and obesity at 1- and 2-year follow-ups. Female college students at risk for these outcomes because of body image concerns (N = 398) were randomized to the Healthy Weight 2 group-based 4-hr prevention program, which promotes lasting healthy improvements to dietary intake and physical activity and nutrition science health behavior change principles, or an educational brochure control condition. Intervention participants showed significantly less body dissatisfaction and eating disorder symptoms and lower eating disorder onset through 2-year follow-up versus controls, but the former 2 effects were small. There were no main effects for body mass index (BMI), depressive symptoms, dieting, caloric intake, physical activity, or obesity onset. Moderator analyses revealed stronger eating disorder symptom effects for youths with initially elevated symptoms and lower pressure to be thin, stronger BMI effects for youths with initially elevated symptoms and BMI scores, and weaker eating disorder symptom effects for youths with initially elevated pressure to be thin. The 60% reduction in eating disorder onset over the 2-year follow-up was clinically significant and a novel effect for a prevention program, but the main effects on continuous outcomes were small, suggesting that adding nutrition science principles weakened the intervention efficacy. Effects on both eating disorder symptoms and BMI were greater for those with elevated eating disorder symptoms and BMI at pretest, implying that it might be useful to target these individuals in future trials.

  14. Incidence of dental caries among susceptible community-dwelling older adults using fluoride toothpaste: 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Wyatt, Chris C L; Wang, Dan; Aleksejuniene, Jolanta

    2014-01-01

    To explore reasons for the underuse of dental services covered by a government-funded program in Alberta. In 2011, a survey questionnaire was sent to 4000 randomly selected clients of the Alberta Child Health Benefit and the Alberta Adult Health Benefit programs. Only respondents with children were included in the analysis. Reasons were explored among those who indicated that their children did not receive any dental services in the year before the survey. Difficulties faced by those who reported receiving at least 1 dental service were also noted. Among 795 respondents, 597 had at least 1 child. A total of 1303 children aged 1-19 years (mean age 11.79 years, standard deviation 4.2) were included in the analysis. Of these children, 443 (34.0%) had not received any covered dental services; the most common reason (50.7%) was no perceived need (interpreted from the replies "my child was too young" or "had no dental problems") followed by perceived insufficient coverage (38.6%). The most common challenge reported by dental care users was also insufficient coverage (44.9%). About 57% of parents were aware that annual fluoride application was covered by the program; however, only 34.3% of their children received fluoride and 14.2% had sealants. Low-income families underuse available dental benefits for children. Perceived need seems to be the primary determinant of use. Parental awareness about the coverage does not seem to promote the use of preventive measures for young children.

  15. Mexican Cervical Cancer Screening Study II: 6-month and 2-year follow-up of HR-HPV women treated with cryotherapy in a low-resource setting.

    PubMed

    Starks, David; Arriba, Lucybeth Nieves; Enerson, Christine L; Brainard, Jennifer; Nagore, Norma; Chiesa-Vottero, Andres; Uribe, Jesús Villagran; Belinson, Jerome

    2014-10-01

    To determine the efficacy and tolerance of cryotherapy in a visual inspection with acetic acid (VIA) triage protocol after primary human papillomavirus (HPV) screening in a low-resource setting. This continuous series conducted over 2 years enrolled nonpregnant, high-risk HPV (HR-HPV)-positive women between the ages of 30 and 50 years, who resided in the state of Michoacán, Mexico, and had a history of no Pap smear screening or knowledge of Pap smear results within the last 3 years. These women were initially enrolled in the Mexican Cervical Cancer Screening Study II (MECCS II) trial and were treated with cryotherapy after VIA triage. They subsequently followed up at 6 months and 2 years for repeat VIA, colposcopy, and biopsy. A total of 291 women were treated with cryotherapy, of whom 226 (78%) followed up at 6 months. Of these 226 women, 153 (68%) were HR-HPV-negative; there were no findings of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) or worse. The remaining 73 women (32%) were HR-HPV-positive; of these women, 2 had CIN2 and 3 had CIN3. Only 137 women followed up at 2 years. Of these 137 women, 116 were HR-HPV-negative and 21 were HR-HPV-positive. Of the 21 women positive for HR-HPV, 9 had negative biopsy results, 11 had CIN1, and 1 had no biopsy. The clearance rate of HR-HPV was 83% (95% confidence interval: 0.78-0.87). There were no biopsy findings of CIN2 or worse at 2 years. Before cryotherapy, of the 226 women, 15 (6.6%) were positive for endocervical curettage (ECC) and 5 (2.2%) were referred for surgical management. Of these 15 ECC-positive women, 10 (67%) followed up at 6 months and it was shown that no patient was ECC positive at that time point. Moreover, of the 15 ECC-positive women, 11 (73%) followed up at 2 years and it was shown that no patient was ECC positive at that time point. In our study, VIA had a false-positive rate of 5%. Cryotherapy was an effective, acceptable, and well-tolerated means of treating cervical dysplasia in a low

  16. Overweight and obese children do not consult their general practitioner more often than normal weight children for musculoskeletal complaints during a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    van Leeuwen, Janneke; van Middelkoop, Marienke; Paulis, Winifred D; Bueving, Herman J; Bindels, Patrick J E; Koes, Bart W

    2017-08-18

    Childhood obesity is associated with self-reported musculoskeletal complaints, injuries and fractures. In the current study, we investigated the association between weight status of children and the frequency and type of musculoskeletal consultations at the general practitioner (GP) during a 2-year follow-up. Data from a prospective longitudinal cohort study including children aged 2-18 years presenting in general practices in the Netherlands were used. Height and weight were measured at baseline, at 6-month, 1-year and 2-year follow-ups. Electronic medical files were used to collect information on the frequency and type of consultations at the GP during the 2-year follow-up period. Associations between weight status and frequency and type of GP consultations were calculated. Of the 617 included children, 111 (18%) were overweight or obese and 506 (82%) were non-overweight. Overweight children were significantly older (mean age in years (SD): 9.8 (3.6)vs7.8 (4.0), p=0.004). Overweight children consulted the GP in general significantly more frequent during the 2-year follow-up than non-overweight children (mean (SD): 7.3 (5.7)vs6.7 (5.4), OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.18). No significant difference was seen in the number of overweight and non-overweight children consulting their GP for musculoskeletal complaints (OR 1.20 (0.86 to 1.68)). Additionally, no significant difference between overweight and non-overweight children was seen for the number of consultations for further specified musculoskeletal disorders. No association was seen between childhood weight status and the frequency and type of musculoskeletal consultations at the GP during a 2-year follow-up. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

  17. Outcome of an uncemented hydroxyapatite coated hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: a clinical and radiographic 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Eschen, Jacob; Kring, Søren; Brix, Michael; Ban, Ilija; Troelsen, Anders

    2012-01-01

    Hemiarthroplasty is the preferred treatment for displaced femoral neck fractures (DFNF) in elderly patients. The use of uncemented stems remains controversial and issues regarding inferior fixation in osteoporotic bone, implant-related pain and decreased mobility have discouraged their use. There is limited evidence for the use of modern uncemented femoral stems in the treatment of DFNF, and we wished to investigate the clinical and radiographic performance of an uncemented hydroxyapatite coated hemiarthroplasty at 2-year follow-up. We included 97 consecutive patients who had an uncemented, hydroxyapatite coated hemiarthroplasty (Corail, Depuy) inserted during a 1-year period. Due to unwillingness or cognitive impairment (n = 6) and death before follow-up (n = 44), a total of 47 patients (39 females) with a mean age of 81 years were available. At two year follow-up 38 of 47 patients lived in their own homes and the median New Mobility Score was 6 (range: 2-9). The median Visual Analogue Scale pain score was 0 (range: 0-5) at rest and 0 (range: 0-8) when walking. Patient satisfaction was a score of 9 (range: 2-10) on the VAS. Anterior or lateral thigh pain or groin pain was reported by 15 patients. The EQ-5D index score at follow-up was 0.72 (range: 0.16-1.00) and the EQ-5D Visual Analogue Score was 70 (range: 15-100). There were no signs of implant loosening in any of the 37 hips undergoing radiographic evaluation at follow-up. The results suggest that an uncemented hydroxyapatite coated hemiarthroplasty can be used to treat displaced intracupsular femoral neck fractures with good clinical and radiographic outcomes at short term follow-up.

  18. Changes in depression, anxiety, anger, and personality after resective surgery for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Meldolesi, G N; Di Gennaro, G; Quarato, P P; Esposito, V; Grammaldo, L G; Morosini, P; Cascavilla, I; Picardi, A

    2007-10-01

    To further elucidate the psychiatric outcome of surgical treatment for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Fifty-two consecutive patients with drug-resistant TLE and IQ > or = 70 completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Spielberger State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory before epilepsy surgery, after 1 year, and after 2 years. Some patients also completed the 31-item Quality of Life in Epilepsy (N=29) and WHOQOL-100 (N=24) questionnaires. During the follow-up period, patients were maintained on a stable medication regimen. Multivariate repeated measures analysis of variance was used to examine changes in psychiatric variables over time. Seizure outcome was excellent (89% in Engel class I after 2 years). There were only a few significant changes over time in the MMPI profile, suggesting a decrease in interpersonal sensitivity, irritability, and social introversion. Anxiety decreased significantly with a gradual decline, anger dropped significantly after remaining basically flat during the first year, while depression showed a gradual but non-significant decline. Younger age and shorter duration of epilepsy were associated with greater improvement in several anger dimensions. In the patient subgroup with quality of life data available, greater improvement in overall quality of life and key life domains (income, work capacity, personal relationships) was found to be associated with greater decrease in depression, anxiety, and anger. The relatively slow decrease of emotional distress over time and its correlation with changes in some key life domains suggest that patients may experience difficulties in switching from a 'sick' role to a 'normal' role, and may easily be disappointed if expectations of positive life changes are not rapidly met. Some counselling sessions early after surgery may be useful to address these issues. The findings also suggest that surgery may yield greater

  19. Cartilage Repair With or Without Meniscal Transplantation and Osteotomy for Lateral Compartment Chondral Defects of the Knee: Case Series With Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Harris, Joshua D; Hussey, Kristen; Saltzman, Bryan M; McCormick, Frank M; Wilson, Hillary; Abrams, Geoffrey D; Cole, Brian J

    2014-10-01

    Treatment decision making for chondral defects in the knee is multifactorial. Articular cartilage pathology, malalignment, and meniscal deficiency must all be addressed to optimize surgical outcomes. To determine whether significant clinical improvements in validated clinical outcome scores are observed at minimum 2-year follow-up after articular cartilage repair of focal articular cartilage defects of the lateral compartment of the knee with or without concurrent distal femoral osteotomy and lateral meniscus transplant. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Symptomatic adults who underwent surgical treatment (microfracture, autologous chondrocyte implantation [ACI], osteochondral autograft or allograft) of full-thickness lateral compartment chondral defects of the knee with or without a postmeniscectomy compartment or valgus malalignment by a single surgeon with minimum 2-year follow-up were analyzed. Validated patient-reported and surgeon-measured outcomes were collected pre- and postsurgery. Pre- and postoperative outcomes were compared via Student t tests. Thirty-five subjects (mean age, 29.6 ± 10.5 years) were analyzed. Patients had been symptomatic for 2.51 ± 3.52 years prior to surgery and had undergone 2.11 ± 1.18 surgeries prior to study enrollment, with a mean duration of follow-up of 3.65 ± 1.71 years. The mean defect size was 4.42 ± 2.06 cm(2). Surgeries included ACI (n = 18), osteochondral allograft (n = 14), osteochondral autograft (n = 2), and microfracture (n = 1). There were 18 subjects who underwent concomitant surgery (14 lateral meniscus transplant, 3 distal femoral osteotomy, and 1 combined). Statistically significant (P < .05) and clinically meaningful improvements were observed at final follow-up in Lysholm, subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDS), Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) subscales, Short Form-12 (SF-12) scores, and patient satisfaction. At follow-up, patients undergoing isolated articular

  20. Clinical Impact of T1 Slope Minus Cervical Lordosis Following Multilevel Posterior Cervical Fusion Surgery: A Minimum 2-year Follow-Up Data.

    PubMed

    Hyun, Seung-Jae; Kim, Ki-Jeong; Jahng, Tae-Ahn; Kim, Hyun-Jib

    2017-05-25

    Retrospective study. To assess the longer term relationship between sagittal alignment of the cervical spine and patient-reported health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) scores following multilevel posterior cervical fusion, and to explore whether an analog of T1 slope - C2-C7 lordosis ('T1S-CL') impacts on patients' clinical outcomes. A 6-month follow-up study demonstrated that, similar to the thoracolumbar spine, the severity of disability increases with sagittal malalignment following cervical reconstruction surgery. From 2007-2014, 31 consecutive patients having multilevel posterior cervical fusion for cervical stenosis, myelopathy, and deformities met inclusion criteria. To determine the true impact of the alignment on HRQOL, patients who have pseudarthrosis, a misplaced screw, junctional pathologies, or adjacent level disc herniation were excluded. Radiographic measurements included: C0-C2 lordosis, C2-C7 lordosis, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), T1 slope, and T1S-CL. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated between pairs of radiographic measures and HRQOL. C2-C7 SVA positively correlated with neck disability index (NDI) scores (r = 0.550). For significant correlations between C2-C7 SVA and NDI scores, regression models predicted a threshold C2-C7 SVA value of 43.5 mm, beyond which correlations were most significant. The T1S-CL also correlated positively with C2-C7 SVA and NDI scores (r = 0.827 and r = 0.618, respectively). Results of the regression analysis indicated that a C2-C7 SVA value of 43.5 mm corresponded to a T1S-CL value of 22.2°. This minimum 2-year follow-up study showed that disability of the neck increased with cervical sagittal malalignment following surgical reconstruction and a greater T1S-CL mismatch was associated with a greater degree of cervical malalignment. Specifically, a T1S-CL mismatch greater than 22.2° corresponded to severe disability (NDI>25) and positive cervical sagittal malalignment, defined as C2

  1. How the neck affects the back: changes in regional cervical sagittal alignment correlate to HRQOL improvement in adult thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Protopsaltis, Themistocles S; Scheer, Justin K; Terran, Jamie S; Smith, Justin S; Hamilton, D Kojo; Kim, Han Jo; Mundis, Greg M; Hart, Robert A; McCarthy, Ian M; Klineberg, Eric; Lafage, Virginie; Bess, Shay; Schwab, Frank; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Ames, Christopher P

    2015-08-01

    C-7 SVA, the C2-7 SVA correlated significantly with baseline ODI (r = 0.211, p = 0.002), PCS (r = -0.178, p = 0.009), and SRS Activity (r = -0.145, p = 0.034) for the entire cohort. In the subset of operative patients with larger thoracolumbar deformities, the change in C2-7 SVA correlated with change in ODI (r = -0.311, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS Changes in cervical lordosis correlate to HRQOL improvements in thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up. Regional cervical sagittal parameters such as CL and C2-7 SVA are correlated with clinical measures of regional disability and health status in patients with adult thoracolumbar scoliosis. This effect may be direct or a reciprocal effect of the underlying global deformities on regional cervical alignment. However, the partial correlation analysis, controlling for the magnitude of the thoracolumbar deformity, suggests that there is a direct effect of cervical alignment on health measures. Improvements in regional cervical alignment postoperatively correlated positively with improved HRQOL.

  2. Effectiveness trial of an indicated cognitive-behavioral group adolescent depression prevention program versus bibliotherapy and brochure control at 1- and 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Rohde, Paul; Stice, Eric; Shaw, Heather; Gau, Jeff M

    2015-08-01

    The main goal of this study was to evaluate the long-term effects of a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) adolescent depression indicated prevention program through 2-year follow-up, relative to CB bibliotherapy and brochure control, when high school personnel recruited students and delivered the program. Three hundred seventy-eight adolescents (M age = 15.5, SD = 1.2; 68% female, 72% White) with elevated self-assessed depressive symptoms who were randomized to CB group, CB bibliotherapy, or educational brochure control were assessed at pretest, posttest, and 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up. By 2 years postintervention, CB group participants showed significantly lower major depressive disorder (MDD) onset versus CB bibliotherapy (10% vs. 25%, respectively; hazard ratio = 2.48, p = .006), but the incidence difference relative to brochure controls (17%) was nonsignificant; MDD incidence for bibliotherapy and brochure controls did not differ. Although CB group participants showed lower depressive symptoms at posttest versus brochure controls, there were no effects for this outcome or for social adjustment or substance use over 2-year follow-up. Moderator analyses suggested that participants with higher baseline depressive symptoms showed greater long-term symptom reductions in the CB group intervention versus bibliotherapy. The evidence that a brief CB group intervention delivered by real-world providers significantly reduced MDD onset versus CB bibliotherapy is potentially encouraging. However, the lack of MDD prevention effects relative to brochure control and lack of long-term symptom effects (though consistent with results from other depression prevention trials), suggest that the delivery of the CB group should be refined to strengthen its effectiveness. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  3. Effectiveness Trial of an Indicated Cognitive-Behavioral Group Adolescent Depression Prevention Program versus Bibliotherapy and Brochure Control at 1- and 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Rohde, Paul; Stice, Eric; Shaw, Heather; Gau, Jeff M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Evaluate the longterm effects of a brief group cognitive-behavioral (CB) adolescent depression indicated prevention program through 2-year follow-up, relative to CB bibliotherapy and brochure control, when high school personnel recruited students and delivered the program. Method 378 adolescents (M age = 15.5, SD = 1.2; 68% female, 72% White) with elevated self-assessed depressive symptoms who were randomized to CB group, CB bibliotherapy, or educational brochure control were assessed at pre, post, 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month follow-up. Results By 2 years post-intervention, CB group participants showed significantly lower major depressive disorder (MDD) onset versus CB bibliotherapy (10% vs. 25%, respectively; HR = 2.48, p = .006), but the incidence difference relative to brochure controls (17%) was nonsignificant; MDD incidence for bibliotherapy and brochure controls did not differ. Although CB group participants showed lower depressive symptoms at post versus brochure controls, there were no effects for this outcome or for social adjustment or substance use over 2-year follow-up. Moderator analyses suggested that participants with higher baseline depressive symptoms showed greater longterm symptom reductions in the CB group intervention versus bibliotherapy. Conclusions The evidence that a brief CB group intervention delivered by real-world providers significantly reduced MDD onset versus CB bibliotherapy is potentially encouraging. However, the lack of MDD prevention effects relative to brochure control and lack of longterm symptom effects (though consistent with results from other depression prevention trials), suggest that the delivery of CB group should be refined to strengthen its effectiveness. PMID:25894666

  4. The suppression effect in visuospatial and verbal working memory span tasks in patients with Alzheimer's disease: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Elosúa, M Rosa; Peinado, Matías; Contreras, María José; Reales, J Manuel; Montoro, Pedro R

    2016-10-01

    This study adapted a new task to assess visuospatial and verbal working memory impairments in patients with Alzheimer Disease (AD), including an executive strategy of information suppression. The aim was to examine the visuospatial and verbal difficulties, and additionally to explore the average sex differences, during a 2-year follow-up study. The results indicated that patients with AD showed a significantly lower performance, compared with healthy elderly controls, especially with the suppression of information required in this new task. However, suppression did not lead to a significantly greater decline in the performance of patients when compared with the control group.

  5. Evaluation of patient-reported outcomes data in structured diabetes education intervention: 2-year follow-up data of patient empowerment programme.

    PubMed

    Wong, Carlos K H; Lam, Cindy L K; Wan, Eric Y F; Chan, Anca K C; Pak, C H; Chan, Frank W K; Wong, William C W

    2016-11-01

    To examine the effects of a structured group-based education programme, patient empowerment programme (PEP), compared with usual care on 2-year changes in patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). A prospective observational study of 715 patients (PEP/non-PEP: 390/325) was conducted to complete the baseline PRO survey and followed up for 2 years. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) was measured using the short-form 12 at baseline and annually at two follow-up assessments, which yielded physical and mental component summary and SF-6D preference-based scores. Perceived control over diabetes and general health status were measured using the patient enablement instrument (PEI) and global rating scale (GRS) at follow-ups. When compared with non-PEP, PEP participants significantly reported improvement in health condition (GRS score > 0; 24.55 % vs 10.16 %; odds ratio = 2.502; P = 0.018) in 2 years and enabled the self-perceived control over diabetes (PEI score > 0; 72.20 % vs 38.40 %; odds ratio = 3.25; P < 0.001) in 1-year follow-up but no sustained effects in year 2 (52.65 % vs 39.04 %; odds ratio = 1.366; P = 0.265). There were no significant differences between PEP and non-PEP groups in the changes in quality of life scores (all P > 0.05) at 1 year. Although HRQOL scores deteriorated over 2-year period in both groups, PEP participants reported similar changes in HRQOL scores to that of non-PEP. PEP for DM patients preserved self-perceived disease control and health condition, whereas PEP participants perceived their HRQOL similar to that of non-PEP participants. Findings of PRO should be considered alongside clinical outcomes when evaluating the overall benefits of PEP.

  6. Drug-induced gingival enlargement: biofilm control and surgical therapy with gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser-A 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira Guaré, Renata; Costa, Soraya Carvalho; Baeder, Fernando; de Souza Merli, Luiz Antonio; Dos Santos, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues

    2010-01-01

    Drug-induced gingival enlargement has been reported in patients treated with various types of anticonvulsant drugs, and is generally associated with the presence of plaque, gingival inflammation, and a genetic predisposition. Effective treatment includes daily oral hygiene and periodic professional prophylaxis. However, in some patients, surgical removal of the gingival tissue overgrowth becomes necessary. The patient in this case report was mentally impaired and had severe drug-induced gingival enlargement. This report describes the initial protocol, the gingivectomy, and a 2-year follow-up. A diode laser was used as an effective and safe method to remove the patient's overgrown gingival tissue.

  7. Cognition in Patients With a Clinical Diagnosis of Parkinson Disease and Scans Without Evidence of Dopaminergic Deficit (SWEDD): 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Wyman-Chick, Kathryn A; Martin, Phillip K; Minár, Michal; Schroeder, Ryan W

    2016-12-01

    More than 10% of patients clinically diagnosed with Parkinson disease demonstrate normal dopamine uptake on dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DaTscan), but little is known about how cognitive function differs between patients with dopamine deficiency on DaTscan and patients with scans without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (SWEDD). We compared the cognitive function of these two groups of patients over 2 years. We retrospectively analyzed data obtained from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative on 309 participants clinically diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson disease who had scored in the normal range on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment at baseline and had completed 1- and 2-year follow-up visits. We compared the Montreal Cognitive Assessment scores at 1 and 2 years between the 42 participants with SWEDD and the 267 with dopamine deficiency. Mean cognitive scores did not differ significantly between groups at 1 year, but at 2 years the participants with SWEDD performed more poorly. At 2 years, 31% of the participants with SWEDD versus 15% of those with dopamine deficiency had statistically reliable cognitive impairment. This study provides evidence that some individuals clinically diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson disease but with SWEDD demonstrate early cognitive decline. The results also suggest that recently diagnosed patients with SWEDD may be at even greater risk for cognitive decline than patients with DaTscan-confirmed early-stage Parkinson disease. While patients with SWEDD likely represent a heterogeneous group of etiologies, our results highlight the need to monitor these patients' cognitive function over time.

  8. Assessment of effectiveness of percutaneous adhesiolysis and caudal epidural injections in managing post lumbar surgery syndrome: 2-year follow-up of a randomized, controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Singh, Vijay; Cash, Kimberly A; Pampati, Vidyasagar

    2012-01-01

    Background The literature is replete with evaluations of failed surgery, illustrating a 9.5%–25% reoperation rate. Speculated causes of post lumbar surgery syndrome include epidural fibrosis, acquired stenosis, recurrent disc herniation, sacroiliac joint pain, and facet joint pain among other causes. Methods Patients (n = 120) were randomly assigned to two groups with a 2-year follow-up. Group I (control group, n = 60) received caudal epidural injections with catheterization up to S3 with local anesthetic (lidocaine 2%, 5 mL), nonparticulate betamethasone (6 mg, 1 mL), and 6 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Group II (intervention group, n = 60) received percutaneous adhesiolysis of the targeted area, with targeted delivery of lidocaine 2% (5 mL), 10% hypertonic sodium chloride solution (6 mL), and nonparticulate betamethasone (6 mg). The multiple outcome measures included the Numeric Rating Scale, the Oswestry Disability Index 2.0, employment status, and opioid intake with assessments at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months posttreatment. Primary outcome was defined as 50% improvement in pain and Oswestry Disability Index scores. Results Significant improvement with at least 50% relief with pain and improvement in functional status was illustrated in 82% of patients at the 2-year follow-up in the intervention group compared to 5% in the control group receiving caudal epidural injections. The average number of procedures over a period of 2 years in Group II was 6.4 ± 2.35 with overall total relief of approximately 78 weeks out of 104 weeks. Conclusion The results of this study show significant improvement in 82% of patients over a period of 2 years with an average of six to seven procedures of 1-day percutaneous adhesiolysis in patients with failed back surgery syndrome. PMID:23293536

  9. Assessment of effectiveness of percutaneous adhesiolysis and caudal epidural injections in managing post lumbar surgery syndrome: 2-year follow-up of a randomized, controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Singh, Vijay; Cash, Kimberly A; Pampati, Vidyasagar

    2012-01-01

    The literature is replete with evaluations of failed surgery, illustrating a 9.5%-25% reoperation rate. Speculated causes of post lumbar surgery syndrome include epidural fibrosis, acquired stenosis, recurrent disc herniation, sacroiliac joint pain, and facet joint pain among other causes. Patients (n = 120) were randomly assigned to two groups with a 2-year follow-up. Group I (control group, n = 60) received caudal epidural injections with catheterization up to S3 with local anesthetic (lidocaine 2%, 5 mL), nonparticulate betamethasone (6 mg, 1 mL), and 6 mL of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Group II (intervention group, n = 60) received percutaneous adhesiolysis of the targeted area, with targeted delivery of lidocaine 2% (5 mL), 10% hypertonic sodium chloride solution (6 mL), and nonparticulate betamethasone (6 mg). The multiple outcome measures included the Numeric Rating Scale, the Oswestry Disability Index 2.0, employment status, and opioid intake with assessments at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months posttreatment. Primary outcome was defined as 50% improvement in pain and Oswestry Disability Index scores. Significant improvement with at least 50% relief with pain and improvement in functional status was illustrated in 82% of patients at the 2-year follow-up in the intervention group compared to 5% in the control group receiving caudal epidural injections. The average number of procedures over a period of 2 years in Group II was 6.4 ± 2.35 with overall total relief of approximately 78 weeks out of 104 weeks. The results of this study show significant improvement in 82% of patients over a period of 2 years with an average of six to seven procedures of 1-day percutaneous adhesiolysis in patients with failed back surgery syndrome.

  10. Association of eating three meals irregularly with changes in BMI and weight among young Japanese men and women: A 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ibe, Yoko; Miyakawa, Happei; Fuse-Nagase, Yasuko; Hirose, Ayumi Sugawara; Hirasawa, Reiko; Yachi, Yoko; Fujihara, Kazuya; Kobayashi, Kazuto; Shimano, Hitoshi; Sone, Hirohito

    2016-09-01

    Epidemiological longitudinal investigations of the association between not eating three meals regularly and changes in BMI and weight are scarce. The aim of this study was to investigate whether or not regularly eating three meals was associated with changes in BMI and weight in young Japanese men and women. Study participants were 1241 men and 897 women aged 19.0±1.2 and 18.8±0.8years, respectively, who underwent health checkups at a university in Japan in 2001 as the baseline and subsequently in 2003. Weight and height were measured at baseline and 2years later. Whether an individual ate three meals regularly was determined by a self-report questionnaire in 2001. During the 2-year follow-up, the BMI gain was 0.347 for men and 0.067 for women. In the logistic regression analysis, for men, eating three meals irregularly was significantly associated with a 4% BMI gain (OR 1.60, CI 1.11-2.30), 6% BMI gain (OR 1.72, CI 1.12-2.63), 4kg weight gain (OR 2.01, CI 1.29-3.13), 6kg weight gain (OR 1.86, CI 1.02-3.37), and incidence of obesity (BMI ≧ 25)(OR 2.96, CI 1.22-7.17). For women, eating three meals irregularly was significantly associated with a 4% BMI loss (OR 1.99, CI 1.01-3.94), 6% BMI loss (OR 2.79, CI 1.29-6.03), 4kg weight loss (OR 3.85, CI 1.62-9.12), 6kg weight loss (OR 7.65, CI 2.06-28.46), and the incidence of underweight (OR 3.95, CI 1.32-11.89). The current results suggested that eating three meals irregularly was associated with subsequent BMI and weight gains for men and subsequent BMI and weight losses for women; both groups were around 20years of age. Self-reported eating behavior in this study might be used to screen and evaluate young Japanese men and women at high risk for changes in BMI and weight in a practical clinical setting. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Anterior cervical fusion with interbody cage containing beta-tricalcium phosphate augmented with plate fixation: a prospective randomized study with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Dai, Li-Yang; Jiang, Lei-Sheng

    2008-05-01

    A variety of bone graft substitutes, interbody cages, and anterior plates have been used in cervical interbody fusion, but no controlled study was conducted on the clinical performance of beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-TCP) and the effect of supplemented anterior plate fixation. The objective of this prospective, randomized clinical study was to evaluate the effectiveness of implanting interbody fusion cage containing beta-TCP for the treatment of cervical radiculopathy and/or myelopathy, and the fusion rates and outcomes in patients with or without randomly assigned plate fixation. Sixty-two patients with cervical radiculopathy and/or myelopathy due to soft disc herniation or spondylosis were treated with one- or two-level discectomy and fusion with interbody cages containing beta-TCP. They were randomly assigned to receive supplemented anterior plate (n = 33) or not (n = 29). The patients were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. The radiological and clinical outcomes were assessed during a 2-year follow-up. The results showed that the fusion rate (75.0%) 3 months after surgery in patients treated without anterior cervical plating was significantly lower than that (97.9%) with plate fixation (P < 0.05), but successful bone fusion was achieved in all patients of both groups at 6-month follow-up assessment. Patients treated without anterior plate fixation had 11 of 52 (19.2%) cage subsidence at last follow-up. No difference (P > 0.05) was found regarding improvement in spinal curvature as well as neck and arm pain, and recovery rate of JOA score at all time intervals between the two groups. Based on the findings of this study, interbody fusion cage containing beta-TCP following one- or two-level discectomy proved to be an effective treatment for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and/or myelopathy. Supplemented anterior plate fixation can promote interbody fusion and prevent cage subsidence but do not improve the 2-year outcome when compared with those treated

  12. Posterolateral instrumented fusion with and without transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: A randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Etemadifar, Mohammad Reza; Hadi, Abdollah; Masouleh, Mehran Feizi

    2016-01-01

    Background: Spondylolisthesis is a common cause of surgery in patients with lower back pain. Although posterolateral fusion and pedicle screw fixation are a relatively common treatment method for the treatment of spondylolisthesis, controversy exists about the necessity of adding interbody fusion to posterolateral fusion. The aim of our study was to assess the functional disability, pain, and complications in patients with spondylolisthesis treated by posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF) with and without transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in a randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: From February 2007 to February 2011, 50 adult patients with spondylolisthesis were randomly assigned to be treated with PLF or PLF+TLIF techniques (25 patients in each group) by a single surgeon. Back pain, leg pain, and disability were assessed before treatment and until 2 years after surgical treatment using visual analog scale (VAS) and oswestry disability index (ODI). Patients were also evaluated for postoperative complications such as infection, neurological complications, and instrument failure. Results: All patients completed the 24 months of follow-up. Twenty patients were females and 30 were males. Average age of the patients was 53 ± 11 years for the PLF group and 51 ± 13 for the PLF + TLIF group. Back pain, leg pain, and disability score were significantly improved postoperatively compared to preoperative scores (P < 0.001). At 3 months of follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference in VAS score for back pain and leg pain in both groups; however, after 6 months and 1 year and 2 years follow-up, the reported scores for back pain and leg pain were significantly lower in the PLF+TLIF group (P < 0.05). The ODI score was also significantly lower in the PLF+TLIF group at 1 year and 2 years of follow-up (P < 0.05). One screw breakage and one superficial infection occurred in the PLF+TLIF group, which had no statistical significance (P = 0

  13. Perceived outcomes and satisfaction of Saudi parents and their children following dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia: A 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    El Batawi, Hisham Yehia; Panigrahi, Priyankar; Awad, Manal A

    2014-12-01

    To investigate the perceived clinical outcome and parents' satisfaction after dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia over a follow-up period of 2 years. A prospective study of questionnaire data obtained from 352 pediatric patients before and after treatment of early childhood caries with full dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia. Questionnaires focused on oral symptoms, functional limitations, and emotional and social well-being before and after dental treatment. Cases were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. A dramatic disappearance of symptoms was reported from parents' perspective. There was a high satisfaction rate (99.14%) also among parents of the children included in the study. Children with early childhood caries do not necessarily express it verbally as pain. The disease has a lot of other expressions affecting children's behavior and habits, including the ability to sleep, thrive, and socialize. This study contributes to the existing literature that full dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia [dental general anesthesia (DGA)] has an immediate positive impact on the physical and social quality of life of children suffering from early childhood caries as well as on their families. Postoperative preventive care, early diagnosis, and treatment of recurrent caries are key factors to maintain postoperative outcome of DGA.

  14. Perceived outcomes and satisfaction of Saudi parents and their children following dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia: A 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    El Batawi, Hisham Yehia; Panigrahi, Priyankar; Awad, Manal A.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To investigate the perceived clinical outcome and parents’ satisfaction after dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia over a follow-up period of 2 years. Materials and Methods: A prospective study of questionnaire data obtained from 352 pediatric patients before and after treatment of early childhood caries with full dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia. Questionnaires focused on oral symptoms, functional limitations, and emotional and social well-being before and after dental treatment. Cases were followed up for 2 years postoperatively. Results: A dramatic disappearance of symptoms was reported from parents’ perspective. There was a high satisfaction rate (99.14%) also among parents of the children included in the study. Conclusion: Children with early childhood caries do not necessarily express it verbally as pain. The disease has a lot of other expressions affecting children's behavior and habits, including the ability to sleep, thrive, and socialize. This study contributes to the existing literature that full dental rehabilitation under general anesthesia [dental general anesthesia (DGA)] has an immediate positive impact on the physical and social quality of life of children suffering from early childhood caries as well as on their families. Postoperative preventive care, early diagnosis, and treatment of recurrent caries are key factors to maintain postoperative outcome of DGA. PMID:25625072

  15. Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function among health-care workers exposed to cleaning and disinfectant chemicals, a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    El-Helaly, Mohamed; Balkhy, Hanan H; Waseem, Khan; Khawaja, Sahdia

    2016-12-01

    Previous cross-sectional studies have shown that exposure to cleaning chemicals among health-care workers (HCWs) is associated with respiratory disorders and ventilatory function changes. This study aimed to further explore this association using a longitudinal approach. A prospective 2-year follow-up study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia from June 2012 to June 2014 among 56 nurses who were responsible for disinfection and sterilization of medical instruments and equipment. The workplaces of the participants were assessed for engineering, environmental, and safety control measures. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to all participants to assess their exposure to cleaning chemicals and their medical history. Spirometric parameters were measured for all nurses in 2012 (baseline) and again in 2014 (follow-up). The prevalence of work-related respiratory symptoms did not increase significantly over this time. Among all the spirometric parameters, only forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) ratio decreased significantly, and only 10.7% of participants who were exposed to cleaning chemicals for more than 10 years had FEV1 and FVC less than their longitudinal normal limits at the end of the study. Smoking and gender were associated with statistically significant decreases in some of the spirometric parameters. Our 2-year follow-up study did not demonstrate significant association between exposure to cleaning chemicals among HCWs and changes in the prevalence of work-related respiratory symptoms, but indicated early effects on ventilatory function among them. The study highlights the importance of periodic spirometry, proper work practices, and effective control measures to protect HCWs against potentially harmful workplace chemicals for disinfection and sterilization.

  16. Changes in life-space mobility and quality of life among community-dwelling older people: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Rantakokko, Merja; Portegijs, Erja; Viljanen, Anne; Iwarsson, Susanne; Kauppinen, Markku; Rantanen, Taina

    2016-05-01

    Life-space mobility refers to the spatial area in which a person moves in daily life, taking into account distance, frequency and assistance needed. The aim was to examine how changes in life-space mobility are associated with changes in quality of life (QOL) over a 2-year period. Community-dwelling people aged 75-90 years (n = 848) were interviewed face-to-face in their homes and followed up annually for 2 years. QOL was assessed with the short version of the World Health Organization QOL assessment (range 0-130, higher scores indicate better QOL). Life-space mobility was assessed with the Life-Space Assessment (range 0-120, higher scores indicate better life-space mobility). Lower extremity performance was objectively measured with the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB). Cognitive impairment was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Chronic conditions and years of education were self-reported. Data were analyzed with generalized estimation equation models. The mean life-space score at baseline was 63.9 ± SD 20.6 and mean QOL score 100.3 ± 11.8. Over the follow-up, the QOL score decreased to 95.0 ± 13.8 across the total study sample. The decrease in QOL score was somewhat higher among those whose life-space mobility score declined > 10 points during the follow-up compared to those whose life-space remained stable or improved, even after adjustment for age, gender, number of chronic conditions, cognitive impairment, SPPB and education. Decline in life-space mobility is associated with decline in QOL. The results highlight the importance of ensuring continuous possibilities for out-of-home mobility in maintaining QOL among older people.

  17. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar disorders: a randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Høy, Kristian; Bünger, Cody; Niederman, Bent; Helmig, Peter; Hansen, Ebbe Stender; Li, Haisheng; Andersen, Thomas

    2013-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze outcome, with respect to functional disability, pain, fusion rate, and complications of patients treated with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in compared to instrumented poserolateral fusion (PLF) alone, in low back pain. Spinal fusion has become a major procedure worldwide. However, conflicting results exist. Theoretical circumferential fusion could improve functional outcome. However, the theoretical advantages lack scientific documentation. Prospective randomized clinical study with a 2-year follow-up period. From November 2003 to November 2008 100 patients with severe low back pain and radicular pain were randomly selected for either posterolateral lumbar fusion [titanium TSRH (Medtronic)] or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion [titanium TSRH (Medtronic)] with anterior intervertebral support by tantalum cage (Implex/Zimmer). The primary outcome scores were obtained using Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ), Oswestry disability Index, SF-36, and low back pain Rating Scale. All measures assessed the endpoints at 2-year follow-up after surgery. The overall follow-up rate was 94 %. Sex ratio was 40/58. 51 patients had TLIF, 47 PLF. Mean age 49(TLIF)/45(PLF). No statistic difference in outcome between groups could be detected concerning daily activity, work leisure, anxiety/depression or social interest. We found no statistic difference concerning back pain or leg pain. In both the TLIF and the PLF groups the patients had significant improvement in functional outcome, back pain, and leg pain compared to preoperatively. Operation time and blood loss in the TLIF group were significantly higher than in the PLF group (p < 0.001). No statistic difference in fusion rates was detected. Transforaminal interbody fusion did not improve functional outcome in patients compared to posterolateral fusion. Both groups improved significantly in all categories compared to preoperatively. Operation time and blood loss were

  18. Complication rates associated with 3-column osteotomy in 82 adult spinal deformity patients: retrospective review of a prospectively collected multicenter consecutive series with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Smith, Justin S; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Klineberg, Eric; Lafage, Virginie; Schwab, Frank; Lafage, Renaud; Kim, Han Jo; Hostin, Richard; Mundis, Gregory M; Gupta, Munish; Liabaud, Barthelemy; Scheer, Justin K; Diebo, Bassel G; Protopsaltis, Themistocles S; Kelly, Michael P; Deviren, Vedat; Hart, Robert; Burton, Doug; Bess, Shay; Ames, Christopher P

    2017-02-17

    OBJECTIVE Although 3-column osteotomy (3CO) can provide powerful alignment correction in adult spinal deformity (ASD), these procedures are complex and associated with high complication rates. The authors' objective was to assess complications associated with ASD surgery that included 3CO based on a prospectively collected multicenter database. METHODS This study is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected multicenter consecutive case registry. ASD patients treated with 3CO and eligible for 2-year follow-up were identified from a prospectively collected multicenter ASD database. Early (≤ 6 weeks after surgery) and delayed (> 6 weeks after surgery) complications were collected using standardized forms and on-site coordinators. RESULTS Of 106 ASD patients treated with 3CO, 82 (77%; 68 treated with pedicle subtraction osteotomy [PSO] and 14 treated with vertebral column resection [VCR]) had 2-year follow-up (76% women, mean age 60.7 years, previous spine fusion in 80%). The mean number of posterior fusion levels was 12.9, and 17% also had an anterior fusion. A total of 76 early (44 minor, 32 major) and 66 delayed (13 minor, 53 major) complications were reported, with 41 patients (50.0%) and 45 patients (54.9%) affected, respectively. Overall, 64 patients (78.0%) had at least 1 complication, and 50 (61.0%) had at least 1 major complication. The most common complications were rod breakage (31.7%), dural tear (20.7%), radiculopathy (9.8%), motor deficit (9.8%), proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK, 9.8%), pleural effusion (8.5%), and deep wound infection (7.3%). Compared with patients who did not experience early or delayed complications, those who had these complications did not differ significantly with regard to age, sex, body mass index, Charlson Comorbidity Index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, smoking status, history of previous spine surgery or spine fusion, or whether the 3CO performed was a PSO or VCR (p ≥ 0.06). Twenty-seven (33

  19. Weight loss and improvement of lipid profiles in morbidly obese patients after laparoscopic one-anastomosis gastric bypass: 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Carbajo, Miguel A; Fong-Hirales, Arlett; Luque-de-León, Enrique; Molina-Lopez, Juan Francisco; Ortiz-de-Solórzano, Javier

    2017-01-01

    Obesity is the most frequent chronic metabolic disease globally. There is a direct correlation between increasing body mass index (BMI) and elevated total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), and triglycerides (Tg), and an inverse correlation with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL); all these lipid derangements are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Our aim was to evaluate lipid profiles in morbidly obese patients before and after one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) performed at a single-center during a 2-year follow-up. A prospective, observational and descriptive study was carried out, including morbidly obese patients with at least one lipid abnormality, who underwent laparoscopic OAGB. Lipid profiles were evaluated preoperatively and at different intervals during a 2-year follow-up. A total of 150 patients were included (73 % females and 27 % males). Mean age was 45.83 ± 10.65 years, mean BMI was 42.82 kg/m(2) ± 6.43, and mean weight was 116.23 kg ± 22.70; 2 years after surgery, the latter two decreased to 24.73 ± 4.43 (p < 0.001) and 67.34 ± 13.35 (p < 0.001), respectively, thus leading to a mean weight loss (WL) of 48.85 kg ± 15.64 and mean %excess WL of 71.87 ± 13.41. Tg, TC and LDL levels significantly decreased: 123.60 ± 56.34 versus 84.79 ± 33.67, 194.33 ± 43.90 versus 173.65 ± 34.84, and 124.47 ± 36.07 versus 97.36 ± 25.05, respectively (p < 0.001); HDL levels significantly increased: 43.61 ± 9.85 versus 61.56 ± 12.63 (p < 0.001). OAGB leads to substantial and durable WL in morbidly obese patients after a 2-year follow-up. Postoperative lipid profiles significantly improved; these changes translate into theoretical relevant cardiovascular risk benefits.

  20. An observational study of autologous bone marrow-derived stem cells transplantation in seven patients with nervous system diseases: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ren, Chao; Geng, Run-lu; Ge, Wei; Liu, Xiao-Yun; Chen, Hao; Wan, Mei-Rong; Geng, De-Qin

    2014-05-01

    Currently, autologous bone marrow-derived stem cell is one of the most innovative areas of stem cells research. Previous studies on animal models of nervous system diseases have shown that these cells have a good effect on nervous system disorders. The alternative treatment with stem cells for the nervous system diseases has also gradually reached to clinical application stage. The prospect is captivating, but the safety and efficacy of this procedure need further research. To observe the clinical efficacy and side effects of the treatment for autologous mesenchymal stem cells and neural stem/progenitor cells which are in differentiated form by inducing with cerebrospinal fluid in the patients with nervous system diseases, thirty patients were selected from our hospital (2009-10 to 2012-07) and were followed at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after the treatment with autologous mesenchymal stem cells and neural stem/progenitor cells in differentiated form was introduced. In this paper, we will introduce the process to make cells accessible for the clinical application by the description of the changes observed in 7 cases were followed for 2 years. The time for bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells could be available for clinical needs is as early as 5 days, not later than 10 days, and the median time is 8 days, while neural stem/progenitor cells in differentiated form can be available for clinical needs in as early as 12 days, not later than 15 days, and the median time is 13.5 days (statistical explanation: Case 5 only uses autologous mesenchymal stem cells, and Case 7 has two times bone marrow punctures). The neurological function of the patients was improved in 1-month follow-up, and the patients have a better discontinuous trend (statistical explanation: sometimes the neurological function of the patients between two adjacent follow-ups does not change significantly). After transplantation, four patients appeared to have transient fever, but it was

  1. From Student Follow-Up Responses to a Statewide Supply/Demand Analysis of Educational Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Toni

    The Texas Student Follow-up Information System (Tex-SIS) for comprehensive postsecondary follow-up and the supply/demand analysis work of the Texas 1202 Commission, Office of Postsecondary Education Planning, together may provide a valuable prototype for other states and perhaps even for a national system of data collection and analysis. Tex-SIS…

  2. Cervical restoration and the amount of soft tissue coverage achieved by coronally advanced flap: a 2-year follow-up randomized-controlled clinical trial.

    PubMed

    Santamaria, Mauro Pedrine; da Silva Feitosa, Daniela; Nociti, Francisco Humberto; Casati, Marcio Zaffalon; Sallum, Antonio Wilson; Sallum, Enilson Antônio

    2009-05-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the 2-year follow-up success of the treatment of gingival recession associated with non-carious cervical lesions by a coronally advanced flap (CAF) alone or in combination with a resin-modified glass ionomer restoration (CAF+R). Sixteen patients with bilateral Miller Class I buccal gingival recessions, associated with non-carious cervical lesions, were selected. The defects received either CAF or CAF+R. Bleeding on probing (BOP), probing depth (PD), relative gingival recession (RGR), clinical attachment level (CAL) and cervical lesion height (CLH) coverage were measured at the baseline and 6, 12 and 24 months after the treatment. Both groups showed statistically significant gains in CAL and soft tissue coverage. The differences between groups were not statistically significant in BOP, PD, RGR and CAL, after 2 years. The percentages of CLH covered were 51.57 +/- 17.2% for CAF+R and 53.87 +/- 12.6% for CAF (p>0.05). The estimated root coverage was 80.37 +/- 25.44% for CAF+R and 83.46 +/- 20.79% for CAF (p>0.05). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that both procedures provide acceptable soft tissue coverage after 2 years, with no significant differences between the two approaches.

  3. Posterior dynamic stabilization of the lumbar spine with the Accuflex rod system as a stand-alone device: experience in 20 patients with 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Reyes-Sánchez, Alejandro; Ramírez-Mora, Isabel; Rosales-Olivarez, Luis Miguel; Alpizar-Aguirre, Armando; Sánchez-Bringas, Guadalupe

    2010-01-01

    Decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis is a common procedure. After surgery, segmental instability sometimes occurs, therefore, different methods for restabilization have been developed. Dynamic stabilization systems have been designed to improve segmental stability. In this study, clinical results of patients with lumbar spinal stenosis that underwent decompression and stabilization with the Accuflex dynamic system are presented; clinical, radiographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are fully described. Improvements in all clinical measurements, including visual analog scale for back and leg pain, Oswestry disability index, and SF-36 health status survey were noticed. At a 2-year follow-up, 22.22% of patients required hardware removal due to fatigue while in 83% of them no progression of disk degeneration was observed after implantation of the Accuflex system. Additionally, as demonstrated by the MRI images at follow up, three patients (16%) showed disk rehydration with one grade higher on the Pfirmann classification. Although a relatively high hardware failure was observed (22.22%), the use of the dynamic stabilization system Accuflex posterior to decompression procedures, showed clinical benefits and stopped the degenerative process in 83% the patients. PMID:20496039

  4. Health-related quality of life of hospitalized patients with burns-comparison with general population and a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Koljonen, Virve; Laitila, Markku; Sintonen, Harri; Roine, Risto P

    2013-05-01

    Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has gained increasing interest as an important indicator of adaptation after a burn injury. Our objective was to compare HRQoL of medium severity hospitalized burn victims with no need for intensive care treatment with that of the general population. The 15D HRQoL questionnaire at discharge, and 6, 12 and 24 months thereafter. 44 patients filled in the baseline questionnaire between June 2007 and December 2009. At discharge the mean (SD) HRQoL score (on a scale of 0-1) of the patients was worse in comparison with that of the general population (0.839 (0.125) vs. 0.936 (0.071)), p<0.001. The most striking differences (p<0.001) were seen on the dimensions of sleeping, usual activities, discomfort and symptoms, and sexual activity. At the 2-year follow-up the mean HRQoL score had increased from 0.835 (0.121) to 0.856 (0.149), but the difference was not statistically significant. Of the dimensions, moving and usual activities improved statistically significantly. HRQoL of patients hospitalized for treatment of burns is, at discharge, compromised compared with that of the general population. During follow-up HRQoL showed slight improvement but remained at a clearly lower level. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI. All rights reserved.

  5. Degenerative Changes in the Knee 2 Years After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture and Related Risk Factors: A Prospective Observational Follow-up Study.

    PubMed

    van Meer, Belle L; Oei, Edwin H G; Meuffels, Duncan E; van Arkel, Ewoud R A; Verhaar, Jan A N; Bierma-Zeinstra, Sita M A; Reijman, Max

    2016-06-01

    Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture is a well-known risk factor for development of knee osteoarthritis. Early identification of those patients at risk and early identification of the process of ACL rupture leading to osteoarthritis may aid in preventing the onset or progression of osteoarthritis. To identify early degenerative changes as assessed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after 2-year follow-up in patients with a recent ACL rupture and to evaluate which determinants are related to these changes. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Included in this study were 154 adults aged between 18 and 45 years with acute ACL rupture diagnosed by physical examination and MRI, without previous knee trauma or surgery, and without osteoarthritic changes on radiographs. A total of 143 patients completed the 2-year follow-up, and the results in this study apply to these 143 patients. All patients were treated according to the Dutch guideline on ACL injury. Of the 143 patients, 50 patients were treated nonoperatively during the 2-year follow-up period. Main outcome was early degenerative changes assessed on MRI defined as progression of cartilage defects and osteophytes in tibiofemoral and patellofemoral compartments. Patient characteristics, activity level, functional instability, treatment type, and trauma-related variables were evaluated as determinants. The median time between MRI at baseline and MRI at 2-year follow-up was 25.9 months (interquartile range, 24.7-26.9 months). Progression of cartilage defects in the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments was present in 12% and 27% of patients, and progression of osteophytes in tibiofemoral and patellofemoral compartments was present in 10% and 8% of patients, respectively. The following determinants were positively significantly associated with early degenerative changes: male sex (odds ratio [OR], 4.43; 95% CI, 1.43-13.66; P = .010), cartilage defect in the medial tibiofemoral compartment at baseline (OR, 3

  6. Lack of effects of vagus nerve stimulation on drug-resistant epilepsy in eight pediatric patients with autism spectrum disorders: a prospective 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Danielsson, Susanna; Viggedal, Gerd; Gillberg, Christopher; Olsson, Ingrid

    2008-02-01

    Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy has been reported to reduce seizure frequency in some children with drug-resistant epilepsy who are not suitable candidates for epilepsy surgery. It has been suggested that there may be positive cognitive and/or behavioral effects independent of seizure control. We describe the effects of VNS with respect to seizure frequency, cognition, and autistic symptoms and behavior in eight children and adolescents with medically intractable epilepsy and autism. In comparison to baseline, seizure frequency had not decreased in anyone in our series at the 2-year follow-up. In three cases, minor improvements in general functioning were noted, but there were no positive cognitive effects. This open prospective pilot study highlights the need for more prospective studies to prevent false expectations of improvement in this severely disabled group.

  7. Comparison of best versus worst clinical outcomes for adult spinal deformity surgery: a retrospective review of a prospectively collected, multicenter database with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Smith, Justin S; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Lafage, Virginie; Schwab, Frank; Scheer, Justin K; Protopsaltis, Themistocles; Klineberg, Eric; Gupta, Munish; Hostin, Richard; Fu, Kai-Ming G; Mundis, Gregory M; Kim, Han Jo; Deviren, Vedat; Soroceanu, Alex; Hart, Robert A; Burton, Douglas C; Bess, Shay; Ames, Christopher P

    2015-09-01

    Although recent studies suggest that average clinical outcomes are improved following surgery for selected adult spinal deformity (ASD) patients, these outcomes span a broad range. Few studies have specifically addressed factors that may predict favorable clinical outcomes. The objective of this study was to compare patients with ASD with best versus worst clinical outcomes following surgical treatment to identify distinguishing factors that may prove useful for patient counseling and optimization of clinical outcomes. This is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected, multicenter, database of consecutively enrolled patients with ASD who were treated operatively. Inclusion criteria were age > 18 years and ASD. For patients with a minimum of 2-year follow-up, those with best versus worst outcomes were compared separately based on Scoliosis Research Society-22 (SRS-22) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores. Only patients with a baseline SRS-22 ≤ 3.5 or ODI ≥ 30 were included to minimize ceiling/floor effects. Best and worst outcomes were defined for SRS-22 (≥ 4.5 and ≤ 2.5, respectively) and ODI (≤ 15 and ≥ 50, respectively). Of 257 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 227 (88%) had complete baseline and 2-year follow-up SRS-22 and ODI outcomes scores and radiographic imaging and were analyzed in the present study. Of these 227 patients, 187 had baseline SRS-22 scores ≤ 3.5, and 162 had baseline ODI scores ≥ 30. Forthe SRS-22, best and worst outcomes criteria were met at follow-up for 25 and 27 patients, respectively. For the ODI, best and worst outcomes criteria were met at follow-up for 43 and 51 patients, respectively. With respect to the SRS-22, compared with best outcome patients, those with worst outcomes had higher baseline SRS-22 scores (p < 0.0001), higher prevalence of baseline depression (p < 0.001), more comorbidities (p = 0.012), greater prevalence of prior surgery (p = 0.007), a higher complication rate (p = 0

  8. Preoperative screening/decolonization for Staphylococcus aureus to prevent orthopedic surgical site infection: prospective cohort study with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Rao, Nalini; Cannella, Barbara A; Crossett, Lawrence S; Yates, Adolph J; McGough, Richard L; Hamilton, Cindy W

    2011-12-01

    We quantified surgical site infections (SSIs) after preoperative screening/selective decolonization before elective total joint arthroplasty (TJA) with 2-year follow-up and 2 controls. Concurrent controls (n = 2284) were patients of surgeons not participating in screening/decolonization. Preintervention controls (n = 741) were patients of participating surgeons who underwent TJA the previous year. Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers (321/1285 [25%]) used intranasal mupirocin and chlorhexidine baths as outpatients. Staphylococcal SSIs occurred in no intervention patients (0/321) and 19 concurrent controls. If all SSIs occurred in carriers and 25% of controls were carriers, staphylococcal SSI rate would have been 3.3% in controls (19/571; P = .001). Overall SSI rate decreased from 2.7% (20/741) in preintervention controls to 1.2% (17/1440) in intervention patients (P = .009). Preoperative screening/selective decolonization was associated with fewer SSIs after elective TJA.

  9. Who may have durable benefit from robotic gait training?: a 2-year follow-up randomized controlled trial in patients with subacute stroke.

    PubMed

    Morone, Giovanni; Iosa, Marco; Bragoni, Maura; De Angelis, Domenico; Venturiero, Vincenzo; Coiro, Paola; Riso, Raffaella; Pratesi, Luca; Paolucci, Stefano

    2012-04-01

    Robotic-assisted walking training after stroke aims to enhance the odd of regaining independent gait. Recent studies have suggested that this approach is more effective than conventional therapy alone only in severely affected patients. We determined whether these results persist at long-term follow-up. Forty-eight nonambulant participants after subacute stroke were stratified by motricity index into high (<29) and low (≥29) motor impairment groups. Each arm was randomized to a robotic or control group at a mean of 20 days after stroke. All patients underwent 2 therapy sessions per day, 5 days per week, for 3 months. Robotic group subjects underwent 20 sessions of robotic-assisted gait training in the first 4 weeks of inpatient therapy and abbreviated conventional therapy, whereas control group patients received only conventional gait training. The primary outcome was Functional Ambulation Category, and secondary measures were the Rivermead Mobility Index and Barthel Index scores. The scales were administered before and after the inpatient stay and 2 years after discharge. At follow-up, as at discharge, the low motricity robotic group improved more than the control group counterpart with regard to functional ambulation category (4.7±0.5 versus 3.1±1.5, P=0.002), Barthel Index (76.9±11.5 versus 64.7±14.0, P=0.024), and Rivermead Mobility Index (11.8±3.5 versus 7.0±3.6, P=0.010), whereas conventional and robotic therapies were equally effective in the high motricity groups. The higher efficacy of the combination of robotic therapy and conventional therapy versus conventional therapy alone that was observed at discharge only in patients with greater motor impairments was sustained after 2 years.

  10. Digital workflow in full-arch implant rehabilitation with segmented minimally veneered monolithic zirconia fixed dental prostheses: 2-year clinical follow-up.

    PubMed

    Papaspyridakos, Panos; Kang, Kiho; DeFuria, Catherine; Amin, Sarah; Kudara, Yukio; Weber, Hans-Peter

    2017-08-09

    To illustrate a digital workflow in full-arch implant rehabilitation with minimally veneered monolithic zirconia and to report the outcomes including technical complications. Three patients (5 edentulous arches) received full-arch fixed implant rehabilitation with monolithic zirconia and mild facial porcelain veneering involving a digital workflow. The incisal edges and occluding surface areas were milled out of monolithic zirconia to reduce the possibility of chipping. Porcelain veneering was applied on the facial aspect to improve the esthetic result. Outcomes and technical complications are reported after 2 years of clinical and radiographic follow-up. Implant and prosthesis survival rates were 100% after a short-term follow-up of 2 years. Technical complications were encountered in one patient. They did not adversely affect prosthesis survival or patient satisfaction and were easily addressed. A digital workflow for the design and fabrication of full-arch monolithic zirconia implant fixed implant prostheses has benefits, but caution is necessary during CAD planning of the prosthesis to ensure a successful outcome. Long-term clinical studies are needed to corroborate the findings discussed in this report. This article presents an integrated digital workflow that was implemented for the implant-prosthodontic rehabilitation of three edentulous patients with monolithic zirconia prostheses. Monolithic zirconia has been successfully incorporated in implant prosthodontics in an effort to reduce the technical complications associated with bilayered ceramics. This workflow simplifies design and fabrication of the zirconia prostheses. However, caution should be taken during CAD planning of the prosthesis to make sure the zirconia cylinder is sufficiently thick at the interface with the titanium insert. Additionally, when cutback is planned for facial porcelain veneering, the functional occluding cusps and incisal edges should be fabricated in monolithic zirconia to avoid

  11. Variability of NT-proBNP and Its Relationship with Inflammatory Status in Patients with Stable Essential Hypertension: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    PubMed Central

    Roselló-Lletí, Esther; Calabuig, Jose R.; Morillas, Pedro; Cortés, Raquel; Martínez-Dolz, Luis; Almenar, Luis; González-Juanatey, Jose R.; Lauwers, Catheline; Salvador, Antonio; Portolés, Manuel; Bertomeu, Vicente; Rivera, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Background The variability of NT-proBNP levels has been studied in heart failure, yet no data exist on these changes over time in hypertensive patients. Furthermore, studies on the relationship between natriuretic peptides and inflammatory status are limited. Methodology/Principal Findings 220 clinically and functionally asymptomatic stable patients (age 59±13, 120 male) out of 252 patients with essential hypertension were followed up, and NT-proBNP was measured at baseline, 12 and 24 months. No differences in NT-proBNP were found with respect to the basal stage in the hypertrophic group, but significant changes were found in non-hypertrophic subjects. The reproducibility of NT-proBNP measurements was better in patients with hypertrophy than in the non-hypertrophic group for the three intervals (stage I-basal; stage II-stage I; stage II-basal) with a reference change value of 34%, 35% and 41%, respectively, in the hypertrophic group. A more elevated coefficient of correlation was obtained in the hypertrophic group than in patients without hypertrophy: basal versus stage I (r = 0.79, p<0.0001 and r = 0.59, p<0.0001) and stage I versus stage II (r = 0.86, p<0.0001 and r = 0.56, p<0.0001). Finally, levels of NT-proBNP significantly correlated with sTNF-R1 (p<0.0001) and IL-6 (p<0.01) during follow-up. A multivariate linear regression analysis showed that sTNF-R1 is an independent factor of NT-proBNP. Conclusions/Significance This work shows that there is good stability in NT-proBNP levels in a follow-up study of asymptomatic patients with stable hypertension and left ventricular hypertrophy. As a consequence, assessment of NT-proBNP concentrations may be a useful tool for monitoring the follow-up of hypertensive patients with hypertrophy. Measured variations in peptide levels, exceeding 35% in a 12-month follow-up and 41% in a 24-month follow-up, may indicate an increase in cardiovascular risk, and therefore implies adjustment in the medical treatment

  12. Medication persistence over 2 years of follow-up in a cohort of early rheumatoid arthritis patients: associated factors and relationship with disease activity and with disability

    PubMed Central

    Pascual-Ramos, Virginia; Contreras-Yáñez, Irazú; Villa, Antonio R; Cabiedes, Javier; Rull-Gabayet, Marina

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Aggressive treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) plays a major role in improving early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient outcomes. Persistence and adherence with medication occurs variably (20% to 70%). The objectives of the study were to determine medication persistence (MP) in early RA patients over 13 consecutive visits each 2 months apart, to investigate the relationship between MP and disease activity, disability and structural damage, and to identify baseline prognosticators. Methods Charts from 75 patients of an early RA cohort were reviewed. At each visit, a rheumatologist interviewed patients regarding therapy, scored disease activity with the 28-joint disease activity score (DAS28) and disability with the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), and recorded comorbidities and treatment. A complete medical history was obtained at baseline. MP was defined as the duration of time from initiation to discontinuation of at least one DMARD and/or corticosteroids for at least 1 week and was reported as a dichotomous variable at consecutive evaluations. Structural damage was defined by detection of new erosions on radiography. Descriptive statistics, Student's t test, the chi-squared test, and logistic regression analyses were used. Results The proportion of MP patients decreased from 98% at 2 months to 34% at 2 years. MP patients (n = 32) had similar DAS28 to non-MP patients (n = 53) at initial visits, lower DAS28 and greater DAS28 improvements at follow-ups (P ≤ 0.05 at visits 4, 6, 7 and 9) and reached sustained remission (≥ 3 consecutive visits with DAS28 < 2.6) more frequently (82.8% versus 46.5%, P = 0.003) and earlier (7.7 ± 4.6 versus 13.6 ± 5.7 months, P = 0.001) than non-MP patients. MP patients had similar baseline HAQ scores, but lower HAQ scores at follow-up (P ≤ 0.05 at visits 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10 and 13). More non-MP patients developed erosive disease than MP patients (26.8% versus 17.9%, P = 0.56). Older age

  13. Subthalamic Nucleus Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease in Hong Kong: A Prospective Territory-Wide 2-Year Follow-Up Study.

    PubMed

    Chan, Danny T M; Zhu, Cannon X L; Lau, Claire K Y; Poon, Tak L; Cheung, Fung C; Lee, Michael; Taw, Benedict; Hung, Kwan N; Choi, Priscilla; AuYeung, Mandy; Chan, Germaine; Cheung, Yuk F; Chan, Anne Y Y; Yeung, Jonas H M; Mok, Vincent C T; Poon, Wai S

    2016-09-01

    We assessed the effects of bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients with Parkinson disease at the 1-year and 2-year follow-up evaluations. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score at "off" medication ("on" DBS) and quality-of-life assessments (39-item Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire [PDQ-39]) were conducted. The percentage of awake "on" time and awake "off" time and levodopa requirement were also assessed. A 2-year prospective study was conducted of 25 consecutive patients from 3 DBS referral centers in Hong Kong. The patients were treated with bilateral stimulation of the STN. Assessments were performed at 1 year and 2 years after DBS and were compared with the baseline. The 2-year outcome assessments were completed by 18 patients. The mean UPDRS motor score improvement was 57% in the first year and 45% in the second year. PDQ-39 showed significant improvement in quality of life for 2 consecutive years. The levodopa requirement decreased 63% in the first year and 55.9% in the second year. The awake "on" time was doubled in the first year and sustained in the second year. Awake "off" time was reduced from 28.1% to 5.9% in the first year and returned to 10.6% in the second year. Improvement of UPDRS motor score, reduction in awake "off" time, and decrease of daily levodopa dosage all were main factors correlated with the improvement in PDQ-39 summary index. The effects of STN DBS in patients with Parkinson disease in Hong Kong were satisfactory. The results showed that reduction in UPDRS motor score, awake "off"-time, and daily levodopa dosage were the major drivers of overall improvement in PDQ-39. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Carotenoderma in a young woman of normal body mass index with hypothalamic amenorrhoea: a 2-year follow-up case report.

    PubMed

    Nyekiova, M; Ghaderi, S; Han, T S

    2014-12-01

    Hypothalamic amenorrhoea has been shown to be associated with hypercarotenaemia, but no causal link has been established. Many people are unaware of the health implications of carotenoderma. We report on a 36-year-old woman with normal body mass index and with a history of secondary amenorrhoea for 2 years and carotenoderma for 5 years. She had a history of practising a fixed-menu diet of predominantly leafy greens, exercised intensively and had a stressful job. Blood tests confirmed the presence of hypercarotenaemia and hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. Carotenoderma subsided after 6 months of lifestyle modification, but she remained amenorrhoeic up to 12 months later. Since then, her condition had relapsed up to the time of 2 years of follow-up. We conclude that hypercarotenaemia/carotenoderma and hypothalamic amenorrhoea are manifestations of a constrained lifestyle rather than causally linked. The presence of carotenoderma should alert public individuals and clinicians, especially in primary care, alike for signs of potential health complications including reproductive dysfunction even without weight problems.

  15. Treatment of thoracolumbar trauma by short-segment percutaneous transpedicular screw instrumentation: prospective comparative study with a minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Vanek, Petr; Bradac, Ondrej; Konopkova, Renata; de Lacy, Patricia; Lacman, Jiri; Benes, Vladimir

    2014-02-01

    groups in overall satisfaction at the 2-year follow-up (p = 0.402). Working ability was insignificantly better in the percutaneous screw group; previous working position was achieved in 17 patients in this group and in 12 cases in the control group (p = 0.088). This study confirms that the percutaneous transpedicular screw technique represents a viable option in the treatment of preselected thoracolumbar fractures. A significant reduction in blood loss, postoperative pain, and surgical time were the main advantages associated with this minimally invasive technique. Clinical, functional, and radiological results were at least the same as those achieved using the open technique after a 2-year follow-up. The short-term benefits of the percutaneous transpedicular screw technique are apparent, and long-term results have to be studied in other well-designed studies evaluating the theoretical benefit of the percutaneous technique and assessing whether the results of the latter are as durable as the ones achieved by open surgery.

  16. Low Rates of Aseptic Tibial Loosening in Obese Patients With Use of High-Viscosity Cement and Standard Tibial Tray: 2-Year Minimum Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Crawford, David A; Berend, Keith R; Nam, Denis; Barrack, Robert L; Adams, Joanne B; Lombardi, Adolph V

    2017-09-01

    Total knee arthroplasty is overall a very successful surgery, but complications do occur. These complications include aseptic loosening of the tibial component, and obese patients are among the highest risk group. High-viscosity cement (HVC) has been implicated as a possible cause for aseptic loosening of the tibial component. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of aseptic loosening of the tibial component in obese patients with the use of HVC and standard tibial tray. We identified 1366 obese patients (1851 knees) with a body mass index >35 kg/m(2) and 2-year minimum follow-up who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty using HVC and a symmetrical, grit-blasted, cobalt-chrome tibial component with 40-mm stem. Preoperative and postoperative range of motion, Knee Society (KS) scores, complications, and reoperations were evaluated. Specifically, we assessed the rate of tibial aseptic loosening. At a mean 5.4 years follow-up, only 1 in 1851 knees had aseptic loosening of the tibial component for an incidence of 0.054%. There was a mean increase of 3.3 degrees of knee range of motion. KS pain level decreased by 38.6 points (50 point scale). KS clinical scores improved by 52.2, Knee Society functional scores improved by 19.5, University of California, Los Angeles, activity score improved by 0.9, and Oxford Knee Score by 15.7. All these improvements were statistically significant with P < .001. Standard tibial components and HVC can be used in most patients, including the high-risk obese group, with low rates of tibial aseptic loosening. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Rationale for a 'Male Lumpectomy,' a Prostate Cancer Targeted Approach Using Cryoablation: Results in 21 Patients with at Least 2 Years of Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Onik, Gary

    2008-01-15

    Background. Prostate cancer in men raises many of the same issues that breast cancer does in women. Complications of prostate cancer treatment, including impotence and incontinence, affect the self-image and psyche of a man no less than does the loss of a breast in a woman. We present a pilot study in which 21 patients were treated with a focal cryoablation procedure. Methods. Focal cryoablation was performed using biplane transrectal ultrasound if the tumor was confined to only one prostate lobe. Preoperative PSA values were recorded. Cryoablation was planned to encompass the area of known tumor. PSA values were obtained every 3 months for 2 years and every 6 months thereafter. Potency and continence status was obtained at the same intervals. Routine biopsy was obtained at 1 year. Results. Twenty-one patients had focal cryoablation. Follow-up ranged from 24 to 105 months with a mean of 50 months. Twenty of 21 (95%) patients have stable PSA values with no evidence for cancer, despite 10 patients being at medium to high risk for recurrence. All patients biopsied (n = 19) were negative for tumor. Potency was maintained in 17 of 21 patients (80%). No other complications, including incontinence or fistula formation, were noted. Conclusion. These preliminary results indicate a 'male lumpectomy,' in which the prostate tumor region itself is destroyed, appears to preserve potency in a majority of patients and limits other complications, without compromising cancer control. If these results are confirmed by further studies and long-term follow-up, this treatment approach could have a profound effect on prostate cancer management.

  18. Vertebral Derotation by Vertebral Column Manipulator Improves Postoperative Radiographs Outcomes of Lenke 5C Patients for Follow-up of Minimum 2 Years.

    PubMed

    Huang, Zifang; Wang, Qifei; Yang, Junlin; Yang, Jingfan; Li, Fobao

    2016-04-01

    This was a retrospective study. The aim of this study was to compare radiographic outcomes of Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients treated by vertebral column manipulator (VCM) or simple rod derotation (SRD) maneuver. The direct vertebral rotation (DVR) technique has demonstrated better rotational and coronal correction than SRD, but clinical radiographic outcomes for Lenke 5C AIS following DVR using a VCM derotational device have not been described. A retrospective study was carried out in 39 Lenke 5C AIS patients treated by VCM (n=20) or SRD (n=19) techniques between April 2008 and June 2011. All patients had complete clinical record and radiographic data. Nine radiographic variables were collected and compared at 3 time points (preoperative, immediate postoperative, and minimum 2-year follow-up) between both groups. Scoliosis was successfully corrected in both groups. All patients obtained good coronal and sagittal balance, and no severe complications occurred. The postoperative apical rotation corrective rate of the VCM and SRD groups were 55.1% and 25.5%, respectively (P < 0.05). Lowest instrumented vertebra and stable vertebra (LIV-SV) was statistically significant between the VCM and SRD groups, the mean values were 1.2 ± 0.4 level and 0.7 ± 0.5 level (P < 0.05). The main curve corrective rates and LIV-tilt angle correction rates were not significantly different between groups, but it showed a spontaneous correction for the coronal LIV-tilt angle for both groups at the last follow-up. VCM improved postoperative apical axial rotational correction and lessened the lumbar fusion segment compared with the SRD technique, which might have a potential trend to reserve lumbar mobility.

  19. Clinical and Radiographic Results of Indirect Decompression and Posterior Cervical Fusion for Single-Level Cervical Radiculopathy Using an Expandable Implant with 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Siemionow, Kris; Janusz, Piotr; Phillips, Frank M; Youssef, Jim A; Isaacs, Robert; Tyrakowski, Marcin; McCormack, Bruce

    2016-11-01

    Background Indirect posterior cervical nerve root decompression and fusion performed by placing bilateral posterior cervical cages in the facet joints from a posterior approach has been proposed as an option to treat select patients with cervical radiculopathy. The purpose of this study was to report 2-year clinical and radiologic results of this treatment method. Methods Patients who failed nonsurgical management for single-level cervical radiculopathy were recruited. Surgical treatment involved a posterior approach with decortication of the lateral mass and facet joint at the treated level followed by placement of the DTRAX Expandable Cage (Providence Medical Technology, Lafayette, California, United States) into both facet joints. Iliac crest bone autograft was mixed with demineralized bone matrix and used in all cases. The Neck Disability Index (NDI), visual analog scale (VAS) for neck and arm pain, and SF-12 v.2 questionnaire were evaluated preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively. Segmental (treated level) and overall C2-C7 cervical lordosis, disk height, adjacent segment degeneration, and fusion were assessed on computed tomography scans and radiographs acquired preoperatively and 2 years postoperatively. Results Overall, 53 of 60 enrolled patients were available at 2-year follow-up. There were 35 females and 18 males with a mean age of 53 years (range: 40-75 years). The operated level was C3-C4 (N = 3), C4-C5 (N = 6), C5-C6 (N = 36), and C6-C7 (N = 8). The mean preoperative and 2-year scores were NDI: 32.3 versus 9.1 (p < 0.0001); VAS Neck Pain: 7.4 versus 2.6 (p < 0.0001); VAS Arm Pain: 7.4 versus 2.6 (p < 0.0001); SF-12 Physical Component Summary: 34.6 versus 43.6 (p < 0.0001), and SF-12 Mental Component Summary: 40.8 versus 51.4 (p < 0.0001). No significant changes in overall or segmental lordosis were noted after surgery. Radiographic fusion rate was 98.1%. There was no device failure, implant lucency, or

  20. Follow up on the Actions to Improve the Defense Contract Management Agencys Cost Analysis Function

    DTIC Science & Technology

    2015-10-29

    B E R 2 9 , 2 0 1 5 Follow up on the Actions to Improve the Defense Contract Management Agency’s Cost Analysis Function Report No. DODIG-2016...Department of Defense F r a u d , W a s t e & A b u s e DODIG-2016-005 (D2015-DAPOCF-0032.000) │ i Results in Brief Follow up on the Actions to Improve the...Defense Contract Management Agency’s Cost Analysis Function Visit us at www.dodig.mil Objective We conducted this evaluation to follow up on the

  1. 46 CFR 4.06-50 - Specimen analysis and follow-up procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Involving Vessels in Commercial Service § 4.06-50 Specimen analysis and follow-up procedures. (a) Each... required by 49 CFR part 40, subpart G, and submit his or her findings to the marine employer. Blood test...

  2. 46 CFR 4.06-50 - Specimen analysis and follow-up procedures.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... Involving Vessels in Commercial Service § 4.06-50 Specimen analysis and follow-up procedures. (a) Each... required by 49 CFR part 40, subpart G, and submit his or her findings to the marine employer. Blood test...

  3. A case of mucinous cystic neoplasm of the pancreas misdiagnosed as a pancreatic pseudocyst at the initial exam and resected after a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ishikawa, Takuya; Haruta, Jun-Ichi; Yamaguchi, Takeo; Doisaki, Masao; Yama, Tsuyoki; Murate, Kentarou; Hattori, Shun; Hayakawa, Fumihiro; Yamada, Kenta; Yashika, Jun

    2015-04-01

    A 44-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a cystic lesion in the pancreatic body that was found by computed tomography (CT) as a result of a screening for impaired liver function after the patient presented with a high fever in 2011. Trans-abdominal ultrasonography (US) revealed a 33-mm unilocular cyst within the pancreatic body and a 5-mm hypoechoic mass in the pancreatic neck. Contrast-enhanced CT showed a slight enhancement around the cyst and a mild dilation of the main pancreatic duct, but neither septum nor nodule was detected inside. Contrast-enhanced endoscopic ultrasonography (CE-EUS) revealed a hyperechoic elevated lesion inside the cystic lesion without enhancement in the pancreatic body; CE-EUS also revealed a 5-mm homogeneous hypoechoic mass with a remarkable enhancement in the pancreatic neck with the use of Sonazoid(®) as a contrast medium. These lesions were diagnosed as a pancreatic pseudocyst and a neuroendocrine tumor (NET), respectively, and were followed up with periodic examinations. The cystic lesion showed contraction 6 months after the initial exam. However, US revealed an enlargement of the cystic lesion to 40 mm in diameter 2 years after the initial exam, and EUS showed irregular thickening of the wall with a cyst-in-cyst appearance. The diagnoses of a mucinous cystic neoplasm (MCN) and a concomitant small NET were made after a distal pancreatectomy. We herein report a rare case of MCN that showed various morphological changes over 2 years of observation.

  4. Patient reported outcomes for patients who returned to sport compared with those who did not after hip arthroscopy: minimum 2-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Domb, Benjamin G.; Dunne, Kevin F.; Martin, Timothy J.; Gui, Chengcheng; Finch, Nathan A.; Vemula, S. Pavan; Redmond, John M.

    2016-01-01

    Previous studies assessed elite athletes’ return to sport (RTS) after hip arthroscopy, but few investigated a cohort including athletes from all levels of sport. This study compared athletes who returned to sport to those who did not, based on four patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores, including the Hip Outcome Score—Sports Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS). Between September 2008 and April 2012, hip arthroscopies were performed on 157 patients (168 hips) who reported playing a sport preoperatively and indicated their level of sports activity post-operatively. Two-year follow-up was available for 148 (94%) amateur and professional athletes with a total of 158 hips. Of these 60 cases (65 hips) did not return to sports (NRTS) and were in the NRTS group. The remaining 88 cases (93 hips) constituted the RTS group. The modified Harris Hip Score, Non-Arthric Hip Score, Hip Outcome-Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL), and HOS-SSS were used to assess outcomes. The HOS-SSS was used to assess specific sport-related movement. Both groups demonstrated significant improvement at 2 years post-operatively in visual analog score and four PRO scores (P < 0.001). There was no significant preoperative differences in HOS-SSS scores between groups; however, the RTS group had significantly higher HOS-SSS scores at 1 and 2 years post-surgery. Post-operatively, the RTS group had significantly better ability to jump, land from a jump, stop quickly and perform cutting/lateral movements (P < 0.05). In summary, patients who indicated RTSs demonstrated significantly higher PRO scores and abilities to perform several sport-related movements, compared with patients who did not. PMID:27583148

  5. Comparable Outcomes After Bucket-Handle Meniscal Repair and Vertical Meniscal Repair Can Be Achieved at a Minimum 2 Years' Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Moatshe, Gilbert; Cinque, Mark E; Godin, Jonathan A; Vap, Alexander R; Chahla, Jorge; LaPrade, Robert F

    2017-08-01

    Meniscal tears can lead to significant pain and disability, necessitating surgical treatment. Nondisplaced vertical tears are usually smaller in size and can be repaired in most cases; however, bucket-handle tears are usually larger and displaced, and the repair of these tears can be challenging. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to report the outcomes after inside-out vertical mattress suture meniscal repair of bucket-handle tears and to compare these outcomes with those of patients who underwent repair of nondisplaced vertical meniscal tears with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up. The hypothesis was that the outcomes of bucket-handle tear repair would be comparable with those of nondisplaced vertical meniscal tear repair. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Patients who underwent inside-out repair of a bucket-handle meniscal tear or a nondisplaced vertical meniscal tear with a minimum 2 years' follow-up were included in this study. Patients were excluded if they had a diagnosis of a meniscal root tear, underwent a concomitant procedure for a chondral injury, or underwent previous surgical treatment of the same meniscus. Subjective questionnaires were administered preoperatively and postoperatively, including the Lysholm score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), the Short Form-12 (SF-12) physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS), the Tegner activity scale, and patient satisfaction. Thirty-two patients underwent repair for vertical meniscal tears (mean, 7 sutures), while 38 patients underwent repair for bucket-handle meniscal tears (mean, 11 sutures), with a mean follow-up of 3.1 years (range, 2-6 years). There were no significant differences in the preoperative outcome scores between the 2 groups. Significant improvements in patient-reported outcome scores from preoperatively to postoperatively were found in both groups. A direct comparison of the bucket-handle tear group to the vertical tear group

  6. Treatment of a large periradicular defect using guided tissue regeneration: A case report of 2 years follow-up and surgical re-entry.

    PubMed

    Gurav, Abhijit Ningappa; Shete, Abhijeet Rajendra; Naiktari, Ritam

    2015-01-01

    Periradicular (PR) bone defects are common sequelae of chronic endodontic lesions. Sometimes, conventional root canal therapy is not adequate for complete resolution of the lesion. PR surgeries may be warranted in such selected cases. PR surgery provides a ready access for the removal of pathologic tissue from the periapical region, assisting in healing. Recently, the regeneration of the destroyed PR tissues has gained more attention rather than repair. In order to promote regeneration after apical surgery, the principle of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) has proved to be useful. This case presents the management of a large PR lesion in a 42-year-old male subject. The PR lesion associated with 21, 11 and 12 was treated using GTR membrane, fixated with titanium minipins. The case was followed up for 2 years radiographically, and a surgical re-entry confirmed the re-establishment of the lost labial plate. Thus, the principle of GTR may immensely improve the clinical outcome and prognosis of an endodontically involved tooth with a large PR defect.

  7. Observation on therapeutic efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid in Chinese patients with primary biliary cirrhosis: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Jiangyi; Shi, Yongquan; Zhou, Xinmin; Li, Zengshan; Huang, Xiaofeng; Han, Zheyi; Wang, Jianhong; Wang, Ruian; Ding, Jie; Wu, Kaichun; Han, Ying; Fan, Daiming

    2013-06-01

    The efficacy of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) on long-term outcome of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) has been less documented in Chinese cohort. We aimed to assess the therapeutic effect of UDCA on Chinese patients with PBC. In the present study, 67 patients with PBC were treated with UDCA (13-15 mg·kg(-1)·day(-1)) and followed up for 2 years to evaluate the changes of symptoms, laboratory values and histological features. As the results indicated, fatigue and pruritus were obviously improved by UDCA, particularly in patients with mild or moderate symptoms. The alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyl transpetidase levels significantly declined at year 2 comparing to baseline values, with the most profound effects achieved in patients at stage 2. The levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase significantly decreased whereas serum bilirubin and immunoglobulin M levels exhibited no significant change. Histological feature was stable in patients at stages 1-2 but still progressed in patients at stages 3-4. The biochemical response of patients at stage 2 was much better than that of patients at stages 3-4. These data suggest that, when treated in earlier stage, patients in long-term administration of UDCA can gain favorable results not only on symptoms and biochemical responses but also on histology. It is also indicated that later histological stage, bad biochemical response and severe symptom may be indicators of poor prognosis for UDCA therapy.

  8. Violence and Abuse Against Women Who Have Attempted Suicide by Deliberate Self-Poisoning: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study in Iran.

    PubMed

    Hassanian-Moghaddam, Hossein; Zamani, Nasim; Sarjami, Saeedeh

    2016-04-01

    Sources of data about the occurrence of domestic violence are scarce in Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the behavioral effects of different types of domestic violence on women who had attempted suicide by deliberate self-poisoning (DSP). A total of 195 women who had attempted suicide by DSP in response to "violence and abuse" were followed up for 2 years. The most common type of violence, as mentioned by the women themselves as the motive of self-poisoning, was physical abuse (92%) followed by verbal abuse (2.1%), multi-abuses (2.1%), emotional abuse (1.6%), and sexual abuse (1.1%). Suicidal ideation and attempt were more common in those who were consulted sometime after they had initially presented to the hospital with DSP or those who had suffered repeated domestic abuse. It was concluded that invention of methods other than the current consultation system is necessary to prevent repeated suicide attempts among abused women in Iran.

  9. Evaluation of the XIENCE V everolimus eluting coronary stent system in the Asian population of the SPIRIT V single arm study. 2-year clinical follow-up data.

    PubMed

    Kaul, Upendra; Patel, Tejas M; Zambahari, Robaayah; Mullasari, Ajit S; Bahl, Vinay K; Stuteville, Marrianne; Dorange, Cécile; Veldhof, Susan; Grube, Eberhard

    2011-01-01

    Asian patients have a uniquely high risk for heart disease compared to other ethnicities. Past drug eluting stent trials have examined mainly populations of European heritage. As a significant proportion of the real world population in the SPIRIT V single arm study is Asian, the study provides insight into how this population responds to stenting with the XIENCE V Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent (EES). 2,700 patients were enrolled at 93 sites in Europe, Asia Pacific and Canada between November 2006 and November 2007. 698 (26%) patients were recruited from Asian sites in India, China, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. De novo coronary artery lesions of all patients were to be treated with up to 4 planned EES. Up to 2 year follow-up, major adverse cardiac events, myocardial infarction and target lesion revascularization rates were lower in the Asian subgroup than in the non-Asian subgroup. These results were mainly driven by better clinical outcomes in the Indian population. All populations showed similar low stent thrombosis rates. These findings demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the EES when used in a real-world Asian population, known to be at higher risk for heart disease.

  10. Influence of Anti-TNF and Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs Therapy on Pulmonary Forced Vital Capacity Associated to Ankylosing Spondylitis: A 2-Year Follow-Up Observational Study.

    PubMed

    Rocha-Muñoz, Alberto Daniel; Brambila-Tapia, Aniel Jessica Leticia; Zavala-Cerna, María Guadalupe; Vásquez-Jiménez, José Clemente; De la Cerda-Trujillo, Liliana Faviola; Vázquez-Del Mercado, Mónica; Rodriguez-Jimenez, Norma Alejandra; Díaz-Rizo, Valeria; Díaz-González, Viviana; Cardona-Muñoz, Ernesto German; Dávalos-Rodríguez, Ingrid Patricia; Salazar-Paramo, Mario; Gamez-Nava, Jorge Ivan; Nava-Zavala, Arnulfo Hernan; Gonzalez-Lopez, Laura

    2015-01-01

    To evaluate the effect of anti-TNF agents plus synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) versus DMARDs alone for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with reduced pulmonary function vital capacity (FVC%). In an observational study, we included AS who had FVC% <80% at baseline. Twenty patients were taking DMARDs and 16 received anti-TNF + DMARDs. changes in FVC%, BASDAI, BASFI, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Borg scale after 6MWT, and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire at 24 months. Both DMARDs and anti-TNF + DMARDs groups had similar baseline values in FVC%. Significant improvement was achieved with anti-TNF + DMARDs in FVC%, at 24 months, when compared to DMARDs alone (P = 0.04). Similarly, patients in anti-TNF + DMARDs group had greater improvement in BASDAI, BASFI, Borg scale, and 6MWT when compared to DMARDs alone. After 2 years of follow-up, 14/16 (87.5%) in the anti-TNF + DMARDs group achieved the primary outcome: FVC% ≥80%, compared with 11/20 (55%) in the DMARDs group (P = 0.04). Patients with anti-TNF + DMARDs had a greater improvement in FVC% and cardiopulmonary scales at 24 months compared with DMARDs. This preliminary study supports the fact that anti-TNF agents may offer additional benefits compared to DMARDs in patients with AS who have reduced FVC%.

  11. Treatment of a large periradicular defect using guided tissue regeneration: A case report of 2 years follow-up and surgical re-entry

    PubMed Central

    Gurav, Abhijit Ningappa; Shete, Abhijeet Rajendra; Naiktari, Ritam

    2015-01-01

    Periradicular (PR) bone defects are common sequelae of chronic endodontic lesions. Sometimes, conventional root canal therapy is not adequate for complete resolution of the lesion. PR surgeries may be warranted in such selected cases. PR surgery provides a ready access for the removal of pathologic tissue from the periapical region, assisting in healing. Recently, the regeneration of the destroyed PR tissues has gained more attention rather than repair. In order to promote regeneration after apical surgery, the principle of guided tissue regeneration (GTR) has proved to be useful. This case presents the management of a large PR lesion in a 42-year-old male subject. The PR lesion associated with 21, 11 and 12 was treated using GTR membrane, fixated with titanium minipins. The case was followed up for 2 years radiographically, and a surgical re-entry confirmed the re-establishment of the lost labial plate. Thus, the principle of GTR may immensely improve the clinical outcome and prognosis of an endodontically involved tooth with a large PR defect. PMID:26941526

  12. Influence of Anti-TNF and Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs Therapy on Pulmonary Forced Vital Capacity Associated to Ankylosing Spondylitis: A 2-Year Follow-Up Observational Study

    PubMed Central

    Rocha-Muñoz, Alberto Daniel; Brambila-Tapia, Aniel Jessica Leticia; Zavala-Cerna, María Guadalupe; Vásquez-Jiménez, José Clemente; De la Cerda-Trujillo, Liliana Faviola; Vázquez-Del Mercado, Mónica; Rodriguez-Jimenez, Norma Alejandra; Díaz-Rizo, Valeria; Díaz-González, Viviana; Cardona-Muñoz, Ernesto German; Dávalos-Rodríguez, Ingrid Patricia; Salazar-Paramo, Mario; Gamez-Nava, Jorge Ivan; Nava-Zavala, Arnulfo Hernan; Gonzalez-Lopez, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Objective. To evaluate the effect of anti-TNF agents plus synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) versus DMARDs alone for ankylosing spondylitis (AS) with reduced pulmonary function vital capacity (FVC%). Methods. In an observational study, we included AS who had FVC% <80% at baseline. Twenty patients were taking DMARDs and 16 received anti-TNF + DMARDs. Outcome measures: changes in FVC%, BASDAI, BASFI, 6-minute walk test (6MWT), Borg scale after 6MWT, and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire at 24 months. Results. Both DMARDs and anti-TNF + DMARDs groups had similar baseline values in FVC%. Significant improvement was achieved with anti-TNF + DMARDs in FVC%, at 24 months, when compared to DMARDs alone (P = 0.04). Similarly, patients in anti-TNF + DMARDs group had greater improvement in BASDAI, BASFI, Borg scale, and 6MWT when compared to DMARDs alone. After 2 years of follow-up, 14/16 (87.5%) in the anti-TNF + DMARDs group achieved the primary outcome: FVC% ≥80%, compared with 11/20 (55%) in the DMARDs group (P = 0.04). Conclusions. Patients with anti-TNF + DMARDs had a greater improvement in FVC% and cardiopulmonary scales at 24 months compared with DMARDs. This preliminary study supports the fact that anti-TNF agents may offer additional benefits compared to DMARDs in patients with AS who have reduced FVC%. PMID:26078986

  13. Effect of nicotine patches in pregnancy on infant and maternal outcomes at 2 years: follow-up from the randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled SNAP trial.

    PubMed

    Cooper, Sue; Taggar, Jaspal; Lewis, Sarah; Marlow, Neil; Dickinson, Anne; Whitemore, Rachel; Coleman, Tim

    2014-09-01

    The SNAP (Smoking and Nicotine in Pregnancy) trial compared nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) patches with placebo in pregnant smokers; although NRT doubled cessation rates in the first 4 weeks, by delivery no differences in maternal smoking or birth outcomes were noted. As a result, NRT used in standard doses during pregnancy is considered ineffective for smoking cessation. Subsequent effects of NRT on the children of treated mothers are unknown because no trials have investigated the effect of gestational NRT use beyond birth. To assess whether NRT use in pregnancy might cause harm to infants, we aimed to compare effects of NRT and placebo on infant development 2 years after delivery. 1050 pregnant smokers aged 16-45 years, at 12-24 weeks' gestation, and smoking at least five cigarettes per day were recruited from seven hospitals in England between May 1, 2007, and Feb 26, 2010, and followed up until their infants were 2 years old. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive up to 8-weeks treatment with NRT (15 mg/16 h transdermal patches) or identically packaged and visually matched placebo patches (all patches manufactured by and purchased at market rate from United Pharmaceuticals, Amman, Jordan), issued as two 4-week supplies (521 for NRT group, 529 for placebo group) [Corrected]. Randomisation was stratified by site with participants, health-care professionals, and research staff masked to treatment allocation. The primary results for participants and infants at delivery were published in 2012; we present results from the trial cohort 2 years after birth. After delivery, questionnaires were posted to participants and, if there was no response, to family physicians. The primary outcome at 2 years was infants' survival without developmental impairment (ie, no disability or problems with behaviour or development). Treatment groups were compared on an intention-to-treat basis. The trial is registered with Controlled-Trials.com, number ISRCTN07249128

  14. Clinical and radiological investigations of mandibular overdentures supported by conventional or mini-dental implants: A 2-year prospective follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Temizel, Sonay; Heinemann, Friedhelm; Dirk, Cornelius; Bourauel, Christoph; Hasan, Istabrak

    2017-02-01

    Conventional dental implants are not applicable in the mandibular interforaminal region if bone volume is limited. Mini-dental implants offer an alternative means of supporting mandibular overdentures in a narrow residual ridge, without additional surgery. The purpose of this nonrandomized clinical trial was to compare the ability of mini-dental implants with that of conventional dental implants in supporting mandibular overdentures during a 2-year clinical follow-up. Bone quality, bone resorption, implant stability, and oral health were assessed radiographically. A total of 32 participants with edentulism were included. Twenty-two participants (99 implants) received 4 to 5 mini-dental implants (diameter: 1.8-2.4 mm; length: 13-15 mm, study group), and 10 participants (35 implants) received 2 to 4 conventional dental implants (diameter: 3.3-3.7 mm; length: 11-13 mm, control group). The selection of the participants in the study or control group was based on the available bone volume in the mandible. The selection was not randomized. The density of cortical bone thickness was measured in Hounsfield units (HU) from computed tomography data, and patients were followed for 2 years. The participants were examined 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. Primary stability immediately after the insertion of dental implants (Periotest), secondary stability 6 months after implantation, modified plaque, bleeding on probing indices, and probing depth were measured and analyzed statistically (α=.05). The mean HU value 6 months after implantation in the participants who received mini-dental implants was significantly (P=.035) higher (1250 HU) than that in the participants who received conventional dental implants (1100 HU). The probing depths around the conventional dental implants (1.6 and 1.8 mm, respectively) were significantly higher than those around the mini-dental implants (1.3 and 1.2 mm, respectively) 12 and 24 months after surgery, respectively (P<.001). The mean

  15. No differences in subjective knee function between surgical techniques of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction at 2-year follow-up: a cohort study from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register.

    PubMed

    Hamrin Senorski, Eric; Sundemo, David; Murawski, Christopher D; Alentorn-Geli, Eduard; Musahl, Volker; Fu, Freddie; Desai, Neel; Stålman, Anders; Samuelsson, Kristian

    2017-03-17

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how different techniques of single-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction affect subjective knee function via the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) evaluation 2 years after surgery. It was hypothesized that the surgical techniques of single-bundle ACL reconstruction would result in equivalent results with respect to subjective knee function 2 years after surgery. This cohort study was based on data from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Register during the 10-year period of 1 January 2005 through 31 December 2014. Patients who underwent primary single-bundle ACL reconstruction with hamstrings tendon autograft were included. Details on surgical technique were collected using a web-based questionnaire comprised of essential AARSC items, including utilization of accessory medial portal drilling, anatomic tunnel placement, and visualization of insertion sites and landmarks. A repeated measures ANOVA and an additional linear mixed model analysis were used to investigate the effect of surgical technique on the KOOS4 from the pre-operative period to 2-year follow-up. A total of 13,636 patients who had undergone single-bundle ACL reconstruction comprised the study group for this analysis. A repeated measures ANOVA determined that mean subjective knee function differed between the pre-operative time period and at 2-year follow-up (p < 0.001). No differences were found with respect to the interaction between KOOS4 and surgical technique or gender. Additionally, the linear mixed model adjusted for age at reconstruction, gender, and concomitant injuries showed no difference between surgical techniques in KOOS4 improvement from baseline to 2-year follow-up. However, KOOS4 improved significantly in patients for all surgical techniques of single-bundle ACL reconstruction (p < 0.001); the largest improvement was seen between the pre-operative time period and at 1-year follow-up. Surgical

  16. Prognostic value of subdivisions of nighttime blood pressure fall in hypertensives followed up for 8.2 years. Does nondipping classification need to be redefined?

    PubMed

    Bastos, José Mesquita; Bertoquini, Susana; Polónia, Jorge

    2010-07-01

    To evaluate the long-term prognostic significance of different ranges of the percentage fall in nighttime blood pressure (BP) of the nondipping pattern, 1200 hypertensive patients (645 women, age 51+/-12 years) underwent ambulatory BP monitoring under stabilized therapy. The occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) events was followed for 9833 patient-years and analyzed by the Cox hazard model. There were 152 CV fatal/nonfatal events (79 strokes, 51 coronary events, 22 others) during the 15.2 years of follow-up. According to nighttime BP fall (%) the authors noted: <0% (reverse-dippers [RD], n=83); 0%-4.9% (nondippers 1 [ND1], n=207); 5%-9.9% (nondippers 2 [ND2], n=311), 10%-19.9% (dippers [D], n=523); and > or =20% (extreme dippers [ED], n=76). After adjustment for confounding variables, hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) of CV event and stroke in RD vs D were 2.29 (1.31-3.99) and 2.46 (1.11-5.49); of ND1 vs D were 1.42 (1.12-1.79) and 1.62 (1.17-2.23); and of ND1 vs ND2 were 2.24 (1.33-3.75) and 2.30 (1.15-4.58). No differences were found in RD vs ND1 and ND2 vs D. Nondippers have a higher CV risk than dippers but only for a nighttime BP fall <5% suggesting that the limits for nondipping should be redefined for a stratification of CV risk.

  17. Evaluation of Lumbar Facet Joint Nerve Blocks in Managing Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial with a 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Singh, Vijay; Falco, Frank J.E.; Cash, Kimberly A.; Pampati, Vidyasagar

    2010-01-01

    Study Design: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Objective: To determine the clinical effectiveness of therapeutic lumbar facet joint nerve blocks with or without steroids in managing chronic low back pain of facet joint origin. Summary of Background Data: Lumbar facet joints have been shown as the source of chronic pain in 21% to 41% of low back patients with an average prevalence of 31% utilizing controlled comparative local anesthetic blocks. Intraarticular injections, medial branch blocks, and radiofrequency neurotomy of lumbar facet joint nerves have been described in the alleviation of chronic low back pain of facet joint origin. Methods: The study included 120 patients with 60 patients in each group with local anesthetic alone or local anesthetic and steroids. The inclusion criteria was based upon a positive response to diagnostic controlled, comparative local anesthetic lumbar facet joint blocks. Outcome measures included the numeric rating scale (NRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), opioid intake, and work status, at baseline, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Results: Significant improvement with significant pain relief of ≥ 50% and functional improvement of ≥ 40% were observed in 85% in Group 1, and 90% in Group II, at 2-year follow-up. The patients in the study experienced significant pain relief for 82 to 84 weeks of 104 weeks, requiring approximately 5 to 6 treatments with an average relief of 19 weeks per episode of treatment. Conclusions: Therapeutic lumbar facet joint nerve blocks, with or without steroids, may provide a management option for chronic function-limiting low back pain of facet joint origin. PMID:20567613

  18. Impact of body weight on antidiabetic treatment and predictors of weight control under real-world conditions: a 2-year follow-up of DiaRegis cohort.

    PubMed

    Hartmann, B; Bramlage, P; Schneider, S; Tschöpe, D; Gitt, A K

    2015-12-01

    Treatment strategies for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus aim to increase physical activity, reduce body weight, and improve glucose control using weight-beneficial antidiabetic drugs. The objective of this study was to determine whether these strategies are implemented, and to identify factors predictive of glucose control and body weight management in a large, real-world patient population. The prospective DiaRegis cohort study included 3807 patients with type 2 diabetes in whom the treating physician decided to intensify and optimize treatment because of insufficient glucose control. Antidiabetic treatment of overweight and obese patients was compared with that of normal-weight patients over a 2-years follow-up period, and multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of body weight loss. Among the 3807 participants, 92.5 % were overweight or obese. Normal-weight participants were more often treated with sulfonylureas or insulin, and overweight and obese patients with metformin or glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 analogues. Predictors of weight loss were body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m(2) and any reported physical activity. DiaRegis study shows that under real-world conditions, antidiabetic drug therapy is performed dependent on body weight. This strategy results in adequate glucose control and moderate weight reductions in overweight and obese patients. Weight loss is affected by treatment with weight-beneficial drugs, but also by any reported physical activity. However, only a small subgroup of patients perform physical activity. Initiation and maintenance of a physically active lifestyle remains a significant challenge for physicians, and patients with type 2 diabetes.

  19. Changes in cervical range of motion and sagittal alignment in early and late phases after total disc replacement: radiographic follow-up exceeding 2 years.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Poong-Gi; Kim, Keung Nyun; Moon, Sung Whan; Kim, Keun Su

    2009-12-01

    This was a retrospective clinical study in which the follow-up period exceeded 2 years. The authors investigated the time course of radiographic changes in the cervical range of motion (ROM) and sagittal alignment after cervical total disc replacement involving the ProDisc-C artificial disc. Eighteen patients who underwent C5-6 total disc replacement were followed for an average of 27 months. Cervical neutral and flexion-extension lateral radiographs were obtained before and at 1 and 3 months after surgery for early-phase observations and at the last follow-up for late-phase observation. Segmental ROM values in the treated, superior, and inferior adjacent segments were measured. For whole-neck motion, C2-7 ROM was also measured. The percentage contributions of ROM at functional and adjacent segments to whole-neck motion were calculated. For evaluating sagittal alignment, C2-7 and C5-6 Cobb angles were measured. All data from ProDisc-C arthroplasty were compared with the results obtained in 22 patients who underwent C5-6 interbody fusion in which a Solis cage was used and who were followed for an average of 25 months. In the ProDisc-C group, C2-7 and C5-6 ROM significantly decreased in the early phase after surgery and returned to preoperative levels in the late phase. Both superior and inferior adjacent segments showed significantly decreased ROM in the acute phase after surgery and returned to the preoperative values in the late phase. In terms of contributions to whole-neck motion, the ROM of the functional and adjacent segments did not change significantly compared with the preoperative ROM. In the cage group, C2-7 ROM was also significantly decreased in the early phase after surgery and returned to preoperative levels at the late phase. Both superior and inferior adjacent segments exhibited significantly increased ROM and percentage contributions to whole-neck motion in the early and late phases. Sagittal alignment of the whole cervical spine became

  20. Survival rates and risk factors for cephalad and L5-s1 adjacent segment degeneration after L5 floating lumbar fusion : a minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Lee, Young-Seok; Kim, Young-Baeg; Park, Seung-Won

    2015-02-01

    Although the L5-S1 has distinct structural features in comparison with other lumbar spine segments, not much is known about adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) at the L5-S1 segment. The aim of study was to compare the incidence and character of ASD of the cephalad and L5-S1 segments after L5 floating lumbar fusion. From 2005 to 2010, 115 patients who underwent L5 floating lumber fusion were investigated. The mean follow-up period was 46.1 months. The incidence of radiological and clinical ASD of the cephalad and the L5-S1 segments was compared using survival analysis. Risk factors affecting ASD were analyzed using a log rank test and the Cox proportional hazard model. Radiological ASD of the L5-S1 segment had a statistically significant higher survival rate than that of the cephalad segment (p=0.001). However, clinical ASD of the L5-S1 segment was significantly lower survival rates than that of the cephalad segment (p=0.038). Risk factor analysis showed that disc degeneration of the cephalad segment and preoperative spinal stenosis of the L5-S1 segment were risk factors. In L5 floating fusion, radiological ASD was more common in the cephalad segment and clinical ASD was more common in the L5-S1 segment. At the L5-S1 segment, the degree of spinal stenosis appears to be the most influential risk factor in ASD incidences, unlike the cephalad segment.

  1. Bone mineral density and single photon emission computed tomography changes after total knee arthroplasty: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Soininvaara, Tarja; Nikola, Tua; Vanninen, Esko; Miettinen, Hannu; Kröger, Heikki

    2008-03-01

    Dual X-ray absorptionmetry (DXA) provides a highly reproducible method for quantitative analysis and monitoring periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with bone avid radiopharmaceuticals reflects bone metabolic activity and circulation. We combined information from DXA and SPECT to assess the evaluation of the dynamic balance between BMD and bone turnover. Sixteen patients underwent serial DXA (Lunar Expert XL) and 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate SPECT measurements until 2 years after TKA. A rapid bone loss, up to 25.5%, was detected in femur during the first six postoperative months. However, tibial periprosthetic BMD remained close to baseline. There was a significant correlation between 12-month SPECT uptake and preceding BMD change in medial tibia (r = 0.5, P = 0.044). At 12 months, SPECT uptakes in the operated knee were notably higher compared with those of the control knee. SPECT uptakes showed statistically significant decreases from 12 months to 24 months, while SPECT uptake in the control knee remained stable. In tibia, the results are more complex; referring that increased bone remodelling is continuing below the tibial tray. Furthermore, femoral diaphyseal uptake remained elevated, while corresponding tibial uptake had levelled off at 2 years. Increased SPECT uptake during the first 2 years after uncomplicated TKA results most likely from normal postoperative bone remodelling. Levelling of SPECT uptake may indicate a new balance between bone loss and regain.

  2. Survival Rates and Risk Factors for Cephalad and L5-S1 Adjacent Segment Degeneration after L5 Floating Lumbar Fusion : A Minimum 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Young-Seok; Park, Seung-Won

    2015-01-01

    Objective Although the L5-S1 has distinct structural features in comparison with other lumbar spine segments, not much is known about adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) at the L5-S1 segment. The aim of study was to compare the incidence and character of ASD of the cephalad and L5-S1 segments after L5 floating lumbar fusion. Methods From 2005 to 2010, 115 patients who underwent L5 floating lumber fusion were investigated. The mean follow-up period was 46.1 months. The incidence of radiological and clinical ASD of the cephalad and the L5-S1 segments was compared using survival analysis. Risk factors affecting ASD were analyzed using a log rank test and the Cox proportional hazard model. Results Radiological ASD of the L5-S1 segment had a statistically significant higher survival rate than that of the cephalad segment (p=0.001). However, clinical ASD of the L5-S1 segment was significantly lower survival rates than that of the cephalad segment (p=0.038). Risk factor analysis showed that disc degeneration of the cephalad segment and preoperative spinal stenosis of the L5-S1 segment were risk factors. Conclusion In L5 floating fusion, radiological ASD was more common in the cephalad segment and clinical ASD was more common in the L5-S1 segment. At the L5-S1 segment, the degree of spinal stenosis appears to be the most influential risk factor in ASD incidences, unlike the cephalad segment. PMID:25733991

  3. An 8-Week Knee Osteoarthritis Treatment Program of Hyaluronic Acid Injection, Deliberate Physical Rehabilitation, and Patient Education is Cost Effective at 2 Years Follow-up: The OsteoArthritis Centers of AmericaSM Experience

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Larry E; Block, Jon E

    2014-01-01

    Numerous nonsurgical interventions have been reported to improve symptoms of knee osteoarthritis (OA) over the short term. However, longer follow-up is required to accurately characterize outcomes such as cost effectiveness and delayed arthroplasty. A total of 553 patients with symptomatic knee OA who previously underwent a single 8-week multimodal treatment program were contacted at 1 year (n = 336) or 2 years (n = 217) follow-up. The percentage of patients who underwent knee arthroplasty was 10% at 1 year and 18% at 2 years following program completion. The treatment program was highly cost effective at $12,800 per quality-adjusted life year at 2 years. Cost effectiveness was maintained under a variety of plausible assumptions and regardless of gender, age, body mass index, disease severity, or knee pain severity. In summary, a single 8-week multimodal knee OA treatment program is cost effective and may lower knee arthroplasty utilization through 2 years follow-up. PMID:25574144

  4. Efficacy of electroacupuncture pretreatment for myocardial injury in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention: A randomized clinical trial with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Wang, Qiang; Liang, Dong; Wang, Feng; Li, Weijie; Han, Yaling; Zhang, Wei; Xie, Yaning; Xin, Weichuan; Zhou, Baili; Sun, Dongdong; Cao, Feng; Xiong, Lize

    2015-09-01

    Electroacupuncture pretreatment (EAP) safely protects the heart from ischemic injury, however, the efficacy of EAP for periprocedural myocardial injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains unclear. Our aim was to investigate whether EAP prior to PCI reduces post-PCI myocardial injury in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). 388 patients (≥ 18 years old) with CAD, undergoing elective PCI were enrolled and randomized, out of those 204 went through the whole trial. EAP was conducted by 30-minute electrical stimulation through 4 electrodes attached to the Antiguan (PC6) and Ximen (PC4) acupoints in the forearm bilaterally 1-2h prior to PCI. The control group had sham electrodes but no electrical stimulation. The primary end point was the incidence of myocardial infarction type 4a (MI4a) based on serum cTnI values at 24h after PCI. The secondary end points included post-procedural cardiac function and the major adverse cardiac/cerebrovascular event (MACCE) rate. EAP prior to PCI significantly reduced the incidence of MI4a (serum cTnI≥0.20 ng/mL) 24h post-PCI compared to the control group (P=0.004). The echocardiography at 6 months after PCI revealed significant improvement in cardiac function in the EAP group compared with the control group. The MACCE rate was significantly decreased in the EAP group at 24 month follow-up compared to the control group (P=0.0157). Moreover, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that EAP was associated with decreased likelihood of MACCE (odds ratio 0.327, 95% CI 0.140-0.767, P=0.010). EAP prior to PCI significantly reduced cTnI release and protected patients with CAD from subsequent myocardial injury after PCI procedure. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Sepiapterin reductase deficiency in a 2-year-old girl with incomplete response to treatment during short-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kusmierska, K; Jansen, E E W; Jakobs, C; Szymanska, K; Malunowicz, E; Meilei, D; Thony, B; Blau, N; Tryfon, J; Rokicki, D; Pronicka, E; Sykut-Cegielska, J

    2009-12-01

    Sepiapterin reductase (SR) catalyses the last step in the tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis pathway; it converts 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin (6-PTP) to BH(4) in an NADPH-dependent reaction. SR deficiency is a very rare autosomal recessive disorder with normal phenylalanine (Phe) concentration in blood and diagnostic abnormalities are detected in CSF. We present a 16-month-old girl with SR deficiency. From the newborn period she presented with an adaptation regulatory disorder. At the age of 3 months, abnormal eye movements with dystonic signs and at 4.5 months psychomotor retardation were noticed. Since that time axial hypotonia with limb spasticity (or rather delayed reflex development), gastro-oesophageal reflux and fatigue at the end of the day has been observed. Brain MRI was normal; EEG was without epileptiform discharges. Analysis of biogenic amine metabolites in CSF at the age of 16 months showed very low HVA and 5-HIAA concentrations. Analysis of CSF pterins revealed strongly elevated dihydrobiopterin (BH(2)), slightly elevated neopterin and elevated sepiapterin levels. Plasma and CSF amino acids concentrations were normal. A phenylalanine loading test showed increased Phe after 1 h, 2 h and 4 h and very high Phe/Tyr ratios. SR deficiency was confirmed in fibroblasts and a novel homozygous g.1330C>G (p.N127K) SPR mutation was identified. On L-dopa and then additionally 5-hydroxytryptophan, the girl showed slow but remarkable progress in motor and intellectual ability. Now, at the age of 3 years, she is able to sit; expressive speech is delayed (to 1 1/2 years), passive speech is well developed. Her visual-motor skills, eye-hand coordination and social development correspond to the age of 2 1/2 years.

  6. Twin Birth Study: 2-year neurodevelopmental follow-up of the randomized trial of planned cesarean or planned vaginal delivery for twin pregnancy.

    PubMed

    Asztalos, Elizabeth V; Hannah, Mary E; Hutton, Eileen K; Willan, Andrew R; Allen, Alexander C; Armson, B Anthony; Gafni, Amiram; Joseph, K S; Ohlsson, Arne; Ross, Susan; Sanchez, J Johanna; Mangoff, Kathryn; Barrett, Jon F R

    2016-03-01

    The Twin Birth Study randomized women with uncomplicated pregnancies, between 32(0/7)-38(6/7) weeks' gestation where the first twin was in cephalic presentation, to a policy of either a planned cesarean or planned vaginal delivery. The primary analysis showed that planned cesarean delivery did not increase or decrease the risk of fetal/neonatal death or serious neonatal morbidity as compared with planned vaginal delivery. This study presents the secondary outcome of death or neurodevelopmental delay at 2 years of age. A total of 4603 children from the initial cohort of 5565 fetuses/infants (83%) contributed to the outcome of death or neurodevelopmental delay. Surviving children were screened using the Ages and Stages Questionnaire with abnormal scores validated by a clinical neurodevelopmental assessment. The effect of planned cesarean vs planned vaginal delivery on death or neurodevelopmental delay was quantified using a logistic model to control for stratification variables and using generalized estimating equations to account for the nonindependence of twin births. Baseline maternal, pregnancy, and infant characteristics were similar. Mean age at assessment was 26 months. There was no significant difference in the outcome of death or neurodevelopmental delay: 5.99% in the planned cesarean vs 5.83% in the planned vaginal delivery group (odds ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-1.41; P = .79). A policy of planned cesarean delivery provides no benefit to children at 2 years of age compared with a policy of planned vaginal delivery in uncomplicated twin pregnancies between 32(0/7)-38(6/7)weeks' gestation where the first twin is in cephalic presentation. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Posterior tibial slope influences static anterior tibial translation in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a minimum 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Li, Yue; Hong, Lei; Feng, Hua; Wang, Qianqian; Zhang, Jin; Song, Guanyang; Chen, Xingzuo; Zhuo, Hongwu

    2014-04-01

    Posterior tibial slope (PTS) has recently been identified as a risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries because of an associated increase in anterior tibial translation (ATT) and ACL loading. However, few studies concerning the correlation between PTS and postoperative ATT have been published. To analyze the relationship between PTS and postoperative ATT in ACL reconstruction (ACLR). Case control study; Level of evidence, 3. Included in this retrospective study were 40 consecutive patients who underwent ACLR (28 male, 12 female; median age, 22 years; range, 14-44 years) from October 2010 to June 2011. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on medial and lateral PTS values as measured on MRI. Demographic data and results of the manual maximum side-to-side difference with a KT-1000 arthrometer at 30° of knee flexion before ACLR and at final follow-up were collected; results were divided into ATT ≤2 mm, 2 mm < ATT < 5 mm, and ATT ≥5 mm. First, the distribution of ATT in the 3 groups was compared, and then correlation analysis and logistic regression were conducted to determine the correlation between PTS and ATT. Finally, the thresholds of medial and lateral PTS were calculated. Results of the ATT measurements were collected at a mean of 27.5 months (range, 24.0-37.0 months) after ACLR. The group with a PTS ≥5° had significantly more cases of ATT ≥5 mm than the group with a PTS <3° (medial PTS: P = .005; lateral PTS: P = .016). There were statistically significant correlations with ATT for both medial (r = 0.43, P = .005) and lateral (r = 0.36, P = .02) PTS. Medial or lateral PTS resulted in the increased probability of ATT ≥5 mm, with an odds ratio of 1.76 (P = .011) and 1.68 (P = .008), respectively. The threshold of an increased risk of ATT ≥5 mm was a medial PTS >5.6° (P = .003) or a lateral PTS >3.8° (P = .002). There was a significant correlation between PTS and postoperative anterior knee static stability in this study

  8. [Change in venom-specific IgE levels during 2-year follow-up in five cases with a history of Hymenoptera sting].

    PubMed

    Ono, T; Yoshida, M; Nakazono, N

    1997-11-01

    Levels of specific IgE antibodies to three kinds of venom (honeybee, wasp and yellow jacket) were followed up for two years in five male pest control operators (age: 24 to 50 years) with Hymenoptera sting within the latest six months. At the first examination, all subjects had a positive reaction for venom-specific IgE but their levels were varied in the range from class 2 to 5 (0.70 approximately 99.9 UA/ml), and a positive reaction was observed in the case of unoffending Hymenoptera. A subject who was re-stung during the two-year follow-up period showed increase in all of the venom-specific IgE levels. Of four subjects without re-stung during the two years, three subjects had a logarithmic decrease in all the specific IgE levels time-dependently, but one subject with a high total serum IgE level showed an increase and decrease alternately in the specific IgE The total serum IgE level may be a factor which influences the change in the venom-specific IgE level. In the four subjects without a high total serum IgE level, the biological half-life of venom-specific IgE was estimated to be 6 to 12 months based on the decreased level during the follow-up period.

  9. Comparing the costs of three prostate cancer follow-up strategies: a cost minimisation analysis.

    PubMed

    Pearce, Alison M; Ryan, Fay; Drummond, Frances J; Thomas, Audrey Alforque; Timmons, Aileen; Sharp, Linda

    2016-02-01

    Prostate cancer follow-up is traditionally provided by clinicians in a hospital setting. Growing numbers of prostate cancer survivors mean that this model of care may not be economically sustainable, and a number of alternative approaches have been suggested. The aim of this study was to develop an economic model to compare the costs of three alternative strategies for prostate cancer follow-up in Ireland-the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines, the National Institute of Health Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines and current practice. A cost minimisation analysis was performed using a Markov model with three arms (EAU guidelines, NICE guidelines and current practice) comparing follow-up for men with prostate cancer treated with curative intent. The model took a health care payer's perspective over a 10-year time horizon. Current practice was the least cost efficient arm of the model, the NICE guidelines were most cost efficient (74 % of current practice costs) and the EAU guidelines intermediate (92 % of current practice costs). For the 2562 new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed in 2009, the Irish health care system could have saved €760,000 over a 10-year period if the NICE guidelines were adopted. This is the first study investigating costs of prostate cancer follow-up in the Irish setting. While economic models are designed as a simplification of complex real-world situations, these results suggest potential for significant savings within the Irish health care system associated with implementation of alternative models of prostate cancer follow-up care.

  10. Return to recreational sport and clinical outcomes with at least 2years follow-up after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tears.

    PubMed

    Antoni, M; Klouche, S; Mas, V; Ferrand, M; Bauer, T; Hardy, P

    2016-09-01

    The main objective of the study was to assess return to sports in recreational athletes after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tear (RCT). A retrospective single-center study included all recreational athletes operated between 2008 and 2012 for arthroscopic repair of RCT, with regular sports activity, and aged less than 70 years. All were recontacted at a minimum follow-up of 2 years. The main outcome was return to sports (yes/no). The secondary criteria were return to sports, time to return to sports, number of hours per week of sports activity, and at the last follow-up the subjective assessment of sports level, patient satisfaction, and the Western Ontario Rotator Cuff (WORC) Index. Seventy-six patients (37 females, 39 males) with a mean age of 57.0±7.3 years were included. Of these 76 patients, 53 (69.7%) patients participated in a sport that specifically involved the upper limb. The mean follow-up was 45±14 months. Postoperatively, 67 of 76 (88.2%) patients returned to a sports activity, the same sport for 52 out of 76 (68.4%). The mean time to return to sports was 6±4.9 months. For patients who had taken up their sport again, the mean number of hours a week was not significantly modified (P=0.58). At the last follow-up, the subjective sports level was judged better or identical to the preoperative level by 52 of 67 (77.6%) patients. The factors significantly associated with absence of return to the previous sport were pain symptoms evolving for more than 9 months before surgery (OR=3.6 [1.01-12.5], P=0.04) and preoperative sports intensity less than 2h/week (OR=4.1 [1.4-12.3], P=0.01). At the last follow-up, the functional improvement evaluated by the WORC Index was strongly significant (P<0.00001) and 73 of 76 (96%) patients were satisfied. The majority of the recreational athletes returned to sports after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, most often at the same level and with equivalent intensity compared to before surgery. IV, retrospective

  11. Intelligent Data Analysis: the Best Approach for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) Follow Up Management

    PubMed Central

    Mohammadzadeh, Niloofar; Safdari, Reza; Baraani, Alireza; Mohammadzadeh, Farshid

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Intelligent data analysis has ability to prepare and present complex relations between symptoms and diseases, medical and treatment consequences and definitely has significant role in improving follow-up management of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, increasing speed ​​and accuracy in diagnosis and treatments; reducing costs, designing and implementation of clinical guidelines. The aim: The aim of this article is to describe intelligent data analysis methods in order to improve patient monitoring in follow and treatment of chronic heart failure patients as the best approach for CHF follow up management. Methods: Minimum data set (MDS) requirements for monitoring and follow up of CHF patient designed in checklist with six main parts. All CHF patients that discharged in 2013 from Tehran heart center have been selected. The MDS for monitoring CHF patient status were collected during 5 months in three different times of follow up. Gathered data was imported in RAPIDMINER 5 software. Results: Modeling was based on decision trees methods such as C4.5, CHAID, ID3 and k-Nearest Neighbors algorithm (K-NN) with k=1. Final analysis was based on voting method. Decision trees and K-NN evaluate according to Cross-Validation. Conclusion: Creating and using standard terminologies and databases consistent with these terminologies help to meet the challenges related to data collection from various places and data application in intelligent data analysis. It should be noted that intelligent analysis of health data and intelligent system can never replace cardiologists. It can only act as a helpful tool for the cardiologist’s decisions making. PMID:25395730

  12. Intelligent data analysis: the best approach for chronic heart failure (CHF) follow up management.

    PubMed

    Mohammadzadeh, Niloofar; Safdari, Reza; Baraani, Alireza; Mohammadzadeh, Farshid

    2014-08-01

    Intelligent data analysis has ability to prepare and present complex relations between symptoms and diseases, medical and treatment consequences and definitely has significant role in improving follow-up management of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients, increasing speed ​​and accuracy in diagnosis and treatments; reducing costs, designing and implementation of clinical guidelines. The aim of this article is to describe intelligent data analysis methods in order to improve patient monitoring in follow and treatment of chronic heart failure patients as the best approach for CHF follow up management. Minimum data set (MDS) requirements for monitoring and follow up of CHF patient designed in checklist with six main parts. All CHF patients that discharged in 2013 from Tehran heart center have been selected. The MDS for monitoring CHF patient status were collected during 5 months in three different times of follow up. Gathered data was imported in RAPIDMINER 5 software. Modeling was based on decision trees methods such as C4.5, CHAID, ID3 and k-Nearest Neighbors algorithm (K-NN) with k=1. Final analysis was based on voting method. Decision trees and K-NN evaluate according to Cross-Validation. Creating and using standard terminologies and databases consistent with these terminologies help to meet the challenges related to data collection from various places and data application in intelligent data analysis. It should be noted that intelligent analysis of health data and intelligent system can never replace cardiologists. It can only act as a helpful tool for the cardiologist's decisions making.

  13. Long-term outcome of pharmacological and psychological treatment for panic disorder with agoraphobia: a 2-year naturalistic follow-up.

    PubMed

    de Beurs, E; van Balkom, A J; Van Dyck, R; Lange, A

    1999-01-01

    Two years after completion of a controlled outcome study of treatments for panic disorder with agoraphobia, patients were revisited and interviewed about their complaints. In the initial study, four treatments had been compared: (i) fluvoxamine combined with exposure; (ii) placebo medication plus exposure; (iii) psychological panic management plus exposure; and (iv) exposure alone. Comparison of the results at post-test had revealed superior efficacy of fluvoxamine combined with exposure over the other three treatments in reducing agoraphobic avoidance. The current naturalistic follow-up study investigated the long-term efficacy of the treatments with regard to abatement of complaints and reduced demand for further treatment. In addition, we examined whether patients were able to taper off the study medication without a recurrence of complaints. In total, 71 of the 76 patients of the original trial (93%) were interviewed. Comparison of the mean level of psychopathology at follow-up revealed no difference between the original treatment groups. The effect in the fluvoxamine plus exposure group was maintained, but was no longer superior, due to further improvements in the other treatment groups. Most patients received additional treatment during the follow-up period, usually because the 12 treatment sessions in the controlled study had yielded insufficient improvement. There was a trend for patients who received the fluvoxamine plus exposure treatment to require less aftercare than those who received the other treatments. Finally, almost 50% of the patients who had received medication in the original trial were able to taper off the use of fluvoxamine without a recurrence of complaints.

  14. Diode laser (980 nm) vaporization in comparison with transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia: randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Razzaghi, Mohammad Reza; Mazloomfard, Mohammad Mohsen; Mokhtarpour, Hooman; Moeini, Aida

    2014-09-01

    To compare outcomes of diode laser vaporization of prostate with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) as a gold-standard treatment. A total number of 115 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia underwent TURP and 980-nm diode vaporization of prostate in a balanced randomization (1:1) from 2010 to 2012 and were followed up for 24 months. Baseline characteristics of the patients, perioperative data, and postoperative outcomes were compared. The primary end point of the study was assessing the values of International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), and maximum flow rate (Qmax) to predict the functional improvement of each group. The trial is registered at http://www.irct.ir (number IRCT201202138146N3). The mean age (± standard deviation) of the patients was 68.2 ± 7.8 years in TURP and 68.5 ± 8.8 in diode groups. In TURP and diode groups, the operation time was 54.9 ± 15.3 vs 60.6 ± 22.6 minutes (P = .14), Foley catheterization time was 88.9 ± 22.5 vs 20.1 ± 4.6 hours (P = .0001) and postoperative hospital stay was 59.9 ± 14.4 vs 25.8 ± 9.2 hours (P = .0001) respectively. Outcome with regard to increase in Qmax, decrease in IPSS, and decrease in postvoid residual urine volume showed a dramatic improvement in both groups during the first 6 months. In the TURP group, the values of IPSS and Qmax were respectively lower and higher than diode patients at 12 and 24 months of follow-up. According to our study, diode laser vaporization (980 nm) offers a safe and feasible procedure in the management of patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hypertrophy; however, at longer follow-up the functional outcome of diode laser vaporization has been less efficient than TURP. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. 3-Tesla Kinematic MRI of the Cervical Spine for Evaluation of Adjacent Level Disease After Monosegmental Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Arthroplasty: Results of 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Fleck, Steffen K; Langner, Soenke; Rosenstengel, Christian; Kessler, Rebecca; Matthes, Marc; Müller, Jan-Uwe; Langner, Inga; Marx, Sascha; Schroeder, Henry W S

    2017-02-15

    We prospectively evaluated adjacent disc levels after anterior cervical discectomy and arthroplasty (ACDA) using kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and plain functional radiographs. ACDA is an established treatment for degenerative cervical disc disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of kinematic MRI for assessing the range of motion (ROM) before and after ACDA compared with plain functional radiographs and to evaluate adjacent degenerative disc disease (aDDD) at mid-term follow-up. Twenty patients (12 females, 8 males; median age 45.6 ± 6.9 yrs) treated by ACDA (BryanDisc; Medtronic, MN) underwent plain functional radiography and kinematic MRI of the cervical spine at 3 T before and 6 and 24 months after surgery. A sagittal T2-weighted (T2w) 2D turbo spin echo (TSE) sequence and a 3D T2w dataset with secondary axial reconstruction were acquired. Signal intensity of all nonoperated discs was measured in regions of interest (ROI). Disc heights adjacent to the operated segment were measured. ROM was evaluated and compared with plain functional radiographs. Clinical outcome was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) for head, neck and radicular pain, and the neck disability index (NDI). Mean ROM of the cervical spine on functional plain radiographs was 21.25 ± 8.19°, 22.29 ± 4.82°, and 26.0 ± 6.9° preoperatively and at 6-month and 24-month follow-up, respectively. Mean ROM at MRI was 27.1 ± 6.78°, 29.45 ± 9.51°, and 31.95 ± 9.58°, respectively. There was a good correlation between both techniques. Follow-up examinations demonstrated no signs of progressive degenerative disc disease of adjacent levels. All patients had clinical improvement up to 24 months after surgery. After ACDA, kinematic MRI allows evaluation of the ROM with excellent correlation to plain functional radiographs. Mid-term follow-up after ACDA is without evidence of progressive DDD of adjacent segments. 3.

  16. 3 Tesla Kinematic MRI of the Cervical Spine for Evaluation of Adjacent Level Disease after Monosegmental Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Arthroplasty: Results of 2-Year Follow-up".

    PubMed

    Fleck, Steffen; Langner, Soenke; Rosenstengel, Christian; Kessler, Rebecca; Matthes, Marc; Müller, Jan-Uwe; Langner, Inga; Marx, Sascha; Schroeder, Henry W S

    2016-05-23

    We prospectively evaluated adjacent disc levels after cervical discectomy and arthroplasty (ACDA) using kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and plain functional radiographs. Anterior cervical discectomy and arthroplasty (ACDA) is an established treatment for degenerative cervical disc disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing the range of motion (ROM) before and after ACDA compared to plain functional radiographs and to evaluate adjacent degenerative disc disease (aDDD) at mid-term follow-up. Twenty patients (12 females, 8 males; median age 45.6 ± 6.9 years) treated by ACDA (BryanDisc®, Medtronic, Minneapolis, USA) underwent plain functional radiography and kinematic MRI of the cervical spine at 3T before and 6 and 24 months after surgery. A sagittal T2-weighted (T2w) 2D turbo spin echo (TSE) sequence and a 3D T2w dataset with secondary axial reconstruction were acquired. Signal intensity of all nonoperated discs was measured in regions of interest (ROI). Disc heights adjacent to the operated segment were measured. Range of motion (ROM) was evaluated and compared to plain functional radiographs. Clinical outcome was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) for head, neck and radicular pain, and the neck disability index (NDI). Mean ROM of the cervical spine on functional plain radiographs was 21.25 ± 8.19, 22.29 ± 4.82 and 26.0 ± 6.9 degrees preoperatively and at 6-month and 24-month follow-up, respectively. Mean ROM at MRI was 27.1 ± 6.78, 29.45 ± 9.51 and 31.95 ± 9.58 degrees, respectively. There was good correlation between both techniques. Follow-up examinations demonstrated no signs of progressive degenerative disc disease of adjacent levels. All patients had clinical improvement up to 24 months after surgery. After ACDA, kinematic MRI allows evaluation of the ROM with excellent correlation to plain functional radiographs. Mid

  17. Evidence of healing of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears following arthroscopic augmentation with a collagen implant: a 2-year MRI follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Bokor, Desmond John; Sonnabend, David; Deady, Luke; Cass, Ben; Young, Allan; Van Kampen, Craig; Arnoczky, Steven

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background partial-thickness rotator cuff tears frequently enlarge due to increased local strain and often progress to full-thickness tears. Studies suggest the addition of new tendinous tissue to injured cuff tendons would significantly decrease peak strain, possibly protecting against tear progression. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of a highly-porous collagen implant to induce new tissue formation and limit tear progression when placed on the bursal surface of partial-thickness cuff tears. Methods following arthroscopic subacromial decompression, the implant was attached to the bursal surface of the supraspinatus tendon in a prospective series of 13 consecutive patients with intermediate – (3–6 mm) to high-grade (>6 mm) partial – thickness cuff tears (5 articular, 3 bursal, 5 intra-substance). Tendon thickness, defect size, and tendon quality were evaluated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) preoperatively and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months postoperatively. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Constant and American Shoulder and Elbow Society scores at the same preoperative and follow-up times. All 13 patients completed all follow-up exams (mean length of follow-up 27.0 months, range 23.3–32.0); no patients were lost to follow-up. Results the implant induced significant new tissue formation in all patients by 3 months (mean increase in tendon thickness 2.2 ± 0.26 mm). This tissue matured over time and became radiologically indistinguishable from the underlying tendon. The partial-thickness cuff tears showed consistent filling of the defects, with complete healing in 7 patients at 12 months, and a progressive improvement in tendon quality in the remaining patients. No tear progression was observed by MRI in any of the patients at 24 months. All clinical scores improved significantly over time. At 24 months, 12 of 13 patients (92%) had satisfactory or better results. Conclusions the results of this clinical study demonstrated

  18. The effect of decompressive surgery on lumbar paraspinal and biceps brachii muscle function and movement perception in lumbar spinal stenosis: a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kääriäinen, Tommi; Taimela, Simo; Aalto, Timo; Kröger, Heikki; Herno, Arto; Turunen, Veli; Savolainen, Sakari; Kankaanpää, Markku; Airaksinen, Olavi; Leinonen, Ville

    2016-03-01

    Chronic low back pain and lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) seem to deteriorate lumbar muscle function and proprioception but the effect of surgery on them remains unclear. This study evaluates the effect of decompressive surgery on lumbar movement perception and paraspinal and biceps brachii (BB) muscle responses during sudden upper limb loading in LSS. Low back and radicular pain intensity (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were measured together with lumbar proprioception and paraspinal and BB muscle responses prior to and 3 and 24 months after surgery in 30 LSS patients. Lumbar proprioception was assessed by a previously validated motorized trunk rotation unit and muscle responses for sudden upper limb loading by surface EMG. Lumbar perception threshold improved after surgery during 3-month follow-up (from 4.6° to 3.1°, P = 0.015) but tend to deteriorate again during 24 months (4.0°, P = 0.227). Preparatory paraspinal and BB muscle responses prior to sudden load as well as paraspinal muscle activation latencies after the load remained unchanged. Impaired lumbar proprioception seems to improve shortly after decompressive surgery but tends to deteriorate again with longer follow-up despite the sustaining favorable clinical outcome. The surgery did not affect either the feed-forward or the feed-back muscle function, which indicates that the abnormal muscle activity in LSS is at least partly irreversible.

  19. The role of depressive symptoms, family invalidation and behavioral impulsivity in the occurrence and repetition of non-suicidal self-injury in Chinese adolescents: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    You, Jianing; Leung, Freedom

    2012-04-01

    This study used zero-inflated poisson regression analysis to examine the role of depressive symptoms, family invalidation, and behavioral impulsivity in the occurrence and repetition of non-suicidal self-injury among Chinese community adolescents over a 2-year period. Participants, 4782 high school students, were assessed twice during the follow-up period. Results indicate that while Year 1 depressive symptoms and family invalidation were significantly associated with the occurrence of Year 2 NSSI, Year 1 behavioral impulsivity contributed to both the occurrence and repetition of Year 2 NSSI. Findings of this study suggest that adolescents who display multiple impulsive behaviors may be at particular risk for engaging in repetitive NSSI. Clinical implications of these findings and future research directions were discussed.

  20. A Comparative, Prospective and Randomized Evaluation of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass With and Without the Silastic Ring: A 2-Year Follow Up Preliminary Report on Weight Loss and Quality of Life.

    PubMed

    Rasera, I; Coelho, T H; Ravelli, M N; Oliveira, M R M; Leite, C V S; Naresse, L E; Henry, M A C A

    2016-04-01

    Currently, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is one of the most widely used bariatric surgeries. Banding the pouch forms a banded gastric bypass operation, an accepted and frequently used variant. Placing a silastic ring around the pouch to band the gastric bypass operation increases the restriction mechanism. However, the ubiquitous use of the banded gastric bypass remains controversial. One of the controversies is the effect of the silastic ring on patients' perception of their well being after surgery because of the frequency of vomiting. A prospective, blindly randomized, comparative trial was undertaken to resolve this controversy. Four hundred subjects scheduled for gastric bypass surgery were randomized into two arms of the trial, 200 with a silastic ring (WR) and 200 without (NR). After 2-year follow-up, the variables associated with the scores of Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) were analyzed. The initial median weight (125 kg), BMI (47), and age (36 years) were the same in both the NR and WR groups. The median excess weight loss, weight regain, and incidence of vomiting were 71, 10.5, and 7.75%, respectively, in the NR group vs. 75.4 and 1.1, and 24.4% in the WR group. The mean QOL score was 79% in the NR group vs. 80% in the WR group. After 2-year follow-up, silastic ring placement in the RYGB resulted in greater weight loss and weight stability and a threefold greater incidence of vomiting. There was no difference in the scores in the quality of life analysis.

  1. Anterior shoulder stabilization by Bristow-Latarjet procedure in athletes: return-to-sport and functional outcomes at minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Beranger, Jean Sébastien; Klouche, Shahnaz; Bauer, Thomas; Demoures, Thomas; Hardy, Philippe

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to assess return-to-sport outcomes following the Latarjet-Bristow procedure. This retrospective study included all athletes <50 years old, who underwent a Latarjet-Bristow procedure for anterior shoulder instability in 2009-2012. Main criteria assessments were the number of athletes returning to any sport and the number returning to the same sport at their preinjury level. The main follow-up was 46.8 ± 9.7 months. Forty-seven patients were analyzed, 46 men/1 women, mean age 27.9 ± 7.9 years. Eighteen patients practiced competitive sports and 29 recreational sports. None of them were professional athletes. One hundred percent returned to sports after a mean 6.3 ± 4.3 months. Thirty/47 (63.8 %) patients returned to the same sport at the same level at least and 10/47 (21.3 %) patients changed sport because of their shoulder. Compared to patients who returned to the same sport at the same level, patients who changed sports or returned to a lower level had practiced overhead or forced overhead sports [OR = 4.7 (1.3-16.9), p = 0.02] before surgery, experienced avoidance behavior at the final follow-up (p = 0.002), apprehension (p = 0.00001) and had a worse Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index score and sub-items (p = 0.003) except for daily activities (p = 0.21). At the final follow-up, 45/47 (95.7 %) patients were still practicing a sport. All the patients returned to sports, most to their preinjury sport at the same level. Patients who practiced an overhead sport were more likely to play at a lower level or to change sport postoperatively. IV, retrospective study-Case series with no comparison group.

  2. Total knee arthroplasty revision with trabecular tantalum cones: Preliminary retrospective study of 51 patients from two centres with a minimal 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Girerd, D; Parratte, S; Lunebourg, A; Boureau, F; Ollivier, M; Pasquier, G; Putman, S; Migaud, H; Argenson, J N

    2016-06-01

    Successful management of large bone defects is of crucial importance when performing revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Trabecular tantalum cones may improve prosthesis fixation via their potential for reconstructing a stable metaphyseal support. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes and the complications of tantalum cones in revision TKA. Trabecular tantalum cones provide stable and durable metaphyseal reconstruction when used during revision TKA. Trabecular Metal™ cones (Zimmer, Warsaw, IN, USA) were used for 52 revision TKAs in 51 patients (mean age, 68±9 years) managed in two centres between 2008 and 2013. A rotating hinge prosthesis was chosen for 38 (73%) knees and a condylar constrained knee prosthesis for 14 (27%) knees, with 37 tibial and 34 femoral cones. The two most common reasons for revision surgery were aseptic loosening (n=22, 42%) and infection (n=19, 37%). The bone loss was severe in most cases. At each centre, after a mean follow-up of 34 months (range, 24-52 months), two independent observers assessed the Knee Society Score (KSS), range of motion, mechanical axis, and osteo-integration for each patient. Mean KSS increased from 46 preoperatively to 77 (P=0.001) at last follow-up and the mean KSS function from 39 to 57 (P=0.007). Mean range of motion improved from 93° (45°-120°) to 110° (65°-130°) (P=0.001). Mean postoperative mechanical axis was 180° (172°-190°). Radiographic evaluation showed evidence of osteo-integration for all cones. Four revisions were performed for recurrence of infection but none for mechanical failure. The findings of our study confirm the biomechanical and biological reliability of Trabecular Metal™ cones used to fill metaphyseal bone defects during revision TKA. IV, retrospective therapeutic study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  3. High-Dose Rate Brachytherapy Using Inverse Planning Simulated Annealing for Locoregionally Advanced Cervical Cancer: A Clinical Report With 2-Year Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, Daniel H.; Wang-Chesebro, Alice; Weinberg, Vivian; Pouliot, Jean; Chen, Lee-May; Speight, Joycelyn; Littell, Ramey; Hsu, I.-Chow

    2009-12-01

    Purpose: We present clinical outcomes of image-guided brachytherapy using inverse planning simulated annealing (IPSA) planned high-dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy boost for locoregionally advanced cervical cancer. Methods and Materials: From February 2004 through December 2006, 51 patients were treated at the University of California, San Francisco with HDR brachytherapy boost as part of definitive radiation for International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stage IB1 to Stage IVA cervical cancer. Of the patients, 46 received concurrent chemotherapy, 43 with cisplatin alone and 3 with cisplatin/5-fluorouracil. All patients had IPSA-planned HDR brachytherapy boost after whole-pelvis external radiation to a total tumor dose of 85 Gy or greater (for alpha/beta = 10). Toxicities are reported according to National Cancer Institute CTCAE v3.0 (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0) guidelines. Results: At a median follow-up of 24.3 months, there were no toxicities of Grade 4 or greater and the frequencies of Grade 3 acute and late toxicities were 4% and 2%, respectively. The proportion of patients having Grade 1 or 2 gastrointestinal and genitourinary acute toxicities was 48% and 52%, respectively. Low-grade late toxicities included Grade 1 or 2 vaginal, gastrointestinal, and hormonal toxicities in 31%, 18%, and 4% of patients, respectively. During the follow-up period, local recurrence developed in 2 patients, regional recurrence developed in 2, and new distant metastases developed in 15. The rates of locoregional control of disease and overall survival at 24 months were 91% and 86%, respectively. Conclusions: Definitive radiation by use of inverse planned HDR brachytherapy boost for locoregionally advanced cervical cancer is well tolerated and achieves excellent local control of disease.

  4. The impact of the survivorship care plan on health care use: 2-year follow-up results of the ROGY care trial.

    PubMed

    Jeppesen, Mette Moustgaard; Ezendam, Nicole P M; Pijnenborg, Johanna M A; Caroline Vos, M; Boll, Dorry; Kruitwagen, Roy F P M; Jensen, Pernille Tine; van de Poll-Franse, Lonneke V

    2017-09-05

    The purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of survivorship care plan (SCP) provision and moderating factors on health care use following endometrial cancer treatment. Women newly diagnosed with endometrial cancer were included in a pragmatic cluster randomized trial at 12 hospitals in the Netherlands and were randomly assigned to SCP or usual care (n = 221; 75% response). The SCP was generated using the web-based Registrationsystem Oncological GYnecology (ROGY) and provided tailored information regarding disease, treatment, and possible late-effects. Cancer-related use of general practitioner, specialist, and additional health care was collected through questionnaires after diagnosis and at 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up and compared using linear multilevel regression analyses. Women who received an SCP had more cancer-related primary care visits compared to the usual care arm during the first year after diagnosis (β = 0.7, p < 0.01). At 6-month follow-up, women in the SCP group used more additional health care compared to women receiving usual care (24 vs. 11%, p = 0.04). Women with anxious symptoms (p = 0.03) and women who received radiotherapy (p = 0.01) had a higher primary care use within the first year after treatment, when receiving an SCP. The SCP increases primary health care consumption the first year after treatment, particularly in women treated with radiotherapy and women with anxious symptoms. These findings imply that the SCP enables women in need of supportive care to seek relevant care at an early stage after treatment. Whether this results in improved patient-reported outcomes in the long-term needs to be further studied.

  5. Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Panic Disorder Versus Treatment as Usual in a Managed Care Setting: 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addis, Michael E.; Hatgis, Christina; Cardemil, Esteban; Jacob, Karen; Krasnow, Aaron D.; Mansfield, Abigail

    2006-01-01

    Eighty clients meeting criteria for panic disorder and receiving either panic control therapy (PCT; M. G. Craske, E. Meadows, & D. H. Barlow, 1994) or treatment as usual (TAU) in a managed care setting were assessed 1 and 2 years following acute treatment. PCT was provided by therapists with little or no previous exposure to cognitive-behavioral…

  6. Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Panic Disorder Versus Treatment as Usual in a Managed Care Setting: 2-Year Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Addis, Michael E.; Hatgis, Christina; Cardemil, Esteban; Jacob, Karen; Krasnow, Aaron D.; Mansfield, Abigail

    2006-01-01

    Eighty clients meeting criteria for panic disorder and receiving either panic control therapy (PCT; M. G. Craske, E. Meadows, & D. H. Barlow, 1994) or treatment as usual (TAU) in a managed care setting were assessed 1 and 2 years following acute treatment. PCT was provided by therapists with little or no previous exposure to cognitive-behavioral…

  7. Simple Analysis Used in Diagnosis and Follow-up of Schizophrenic Patients (Patent)

    PubMed Central

    Nour El-Dien, Faten A.; El-Nahas, Reham G.; El-Nahas, Ahmed G.

    2006-01-01

    Dopamine acts as neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral sympathetic nervous system. Determination of dopamine (DO) was performed by spectrophotometric analysis depending on the formation of new colored compound. The proposed procedure was efficient in quantitative determination of DO as pure material in pharmaceutical preparations and in urine samples. DO concentration in urine sample of patient confirms the affection with schizophrenia and the proposed procedure was used to facilitate diagnosis and followup of schizophrenic patients. It is recommended to apply the proposed procedures as routine analysis in pharmaceutical companies for quality control and in analytical laboratories to diagnose and follow up schizophrenia. PMID:17671624

  8. Anemia on Admission Is an Independent Predictor of Long-Term Mortality in Hip Fracture Population: A Prospective Study With 2-Year Follow-Up.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Licheng; Yin, Pengbin; Lv, Houchen; Long, Anhua; Gao, Yuan; Zhang, Lihai; Tang, Peifu

    2016-02-01

    Anemia is a disputable factor for long-term mortality in hip fracture population in previous studies. Previous studies indicated that the level of hemoglobin (Hb) might fluctuate due to various factors, such as comorbidities and in-hospital interventions, and the changing level of Hb, may lead to discordance diagnosis of anemia and thus to the conflicting conclusions on prognostic value of anemia. So in this study, we aim to compare factors affecting the diagnosis of anemia at different time-points, admission, postoperation, and discharge, and to determine which the time point is most suitable for mortality prediction.This prospective cohort study included 1330 hip fracture patients from 1 January 2000 to 18 November 2012. Hb levels at 3 different time points, such as admission, postoperation, and discharge, were collected and used to stratify the cohort into anemia and nonanemia groups. Candidate factors including commodities, perioperative factors, blood transfusion, and other in-hospital interventions were collected before discharge. Logistic regression analyses were performed to detect risk factors for anemia for the 3 time points separately. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to evaluate the association between anemia and 2-year mortality.Factors affecting the diagnosis of anemia were different for the 3 time points. Age, female sex, American Society of Anesthesiologists score (ASA), and intertrochanteric fracture were associated with admission anemia, while surgical procedure, surgical duration, blood transfusion, blood loss during the operation, and drainage volume were major risk factors for postoperation anemia. Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis suggested that the risk of all-cause mortality was higher in the anemia group on admission (1.680, 95%CI: 1.201-2.350, P < 0.01), but not postoperation or on discharge, after adjustment for confounding factors.Our study showed that risk factors for anemia varied at

  9. A 2-year follow-up of quality of life, pain, and psychosocial factors in patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome and their spouses.

    PubMed

    Tripp, Dean A; Nickel, J Curtis; Shoskes, Daniel; Koljuskov, Adrijana

    2013-08-01

    There are two objectives: (1) Examine quality of life (QoL) and mood between chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) patients and spouses over a 2-year period; (2) Longitudinally assess CP/CPPS patient pain, disability, and pain catastrophizing over a 2-year period. Forty-four CP/CPPS diagnosed men and their spouses participated. Patients completed demographics, QoL, depression, anxiety, pain, disability, and catastrophizing across the study. Spouses completed QoL, depression, and anxiety. Patients/spouses were not different in education, but patients were older (49 years; SD = 9.56). The average symptom duration was 8.68 (SD = 7.61). Couples were married or common law, and majority of patients were employed. Due to attrition, approximately 21 couples provided analyzable data. Patients and spouses physical QoL did not statistically differ over time from one another, and both increased over the study period. Mental QoL increased over time, but patients reported lower QoL. Patients reported more depression and anxiety, but both measures remained stable over time for spouses and patients. Finally, patient only analyses showed that disability did decrease over time from a high at 6 months, but pain and catastrophizing showed stability over the 2 years. Patients reported worse mental QoL, depression, and anxiety compared to spouses, and spouses reported significant stable levels of depression and anxiety similar to patients. Further, patient catastrophizing, pain, and disability did not reduce over the 2-year assessment period. These results provide further impetus for the development and implementation of mental health strategies alongside continued medical efforts in couples suffering from CP/CPPS.

  10. Clinical evaluation of three months' nightguard vital bleaching on tetracycline-stained teeth using Polanight 10% carbamide gel: 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Tsubura, Shuichi

    2010-07-01

    Nightguard vital bleaching (NGVB) has been applied as a safe and effective bleaching procedure with a wide variety of commercial products consisting of carbamide peroxide-based gels, but there have been few reports on tooth bleaching for tetracycline-stained teeth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bleaching effects on teeth discolored by tetracycline with 3 months' active treatment, and to investigate the participant satisfaction, the shade stability, and the post-treatment side effects 2 years after the treatment. A custom-made tray with Polanight 10% carbamide peroxide gel was applied to both the incisal and premolar teeth (10 teeth of each participant), and the participants were directed to wear the tray every night over the course of the 3 months. The whiteness-blackness difference (L*) became lighter within 3 months and the lightness remained until 2 years later. Tooth color changes were remarkable in both redness-greenness difference (a*) and yellowness-blueness difference (b*). No obvious shade change or slight darkening was recognized 2 years post-treatment. The means of the color difference (DeltaE*) at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years were 13.74, 14.02, 12.17, and 11.81, respectively. All participants were satisfied with the shade change of their teeth, but three participants complained of slight hypersensitivity. One participant complained of cold or hot pain in daily life until 6 months after the treatment. These side effects were alleviated within 1 year. The results suggested that the standard treatment period of NGVB with Polanight for tetracycline-discolored teeth may be determined to be 3 months.

  11. Comparison of Retrograde Balloon Dilatation and Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty for Treatment of Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction: Results of a 2-Year Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Xue, Xue-Yi; Zheng, Qing-Shui; Wei, Yong; Jiang, Tao; Li, Xiao-Dong; Huang, Jin-Bei; Cai, Hai

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic pyeloplasty relative to retrograde balloon dilatation for the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). Methods This retrospective study enrolled UPJO patients with stricture length < 2 cm who had been treated with laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP; 44 cases) or balloon dilatation (BD; 38 cases) from Jan 2010 to Jan 2012, according to patients’ preference after consultation. Demographics and clinical parameters were collected. Patients were followed-up at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Ultrasonography, intravenous urography, and diuretic renography were applied to evaluate the remission of hydronephrosis. Results Both groups were comparable with respect to age, UPJO location, gender, and other baseline parameters. Compared to the LP group, patients receiving BD experienced significantly shorter operative time, analgesia time, hospital stay, and urethral catheter indwelling time, and less cost (P<0.001). Three and 6 months after their respective procedures, the success rates of the LP (97.7%, both) and BD (94.7% and 86.8%) groups were similar, and at 12 and 24 months the long-term success rate of LP (95.5%, both) was better than that of BD (78.9% and 71.0%). Conclusions LP showed better long-term success rate than did BD in the management of UPJO with length of stricture < 2 cm. Considering that BD is more minimally invasive, simpler and easier to perform, and costs less, we recommend it for some selective UPJO patients as the first-line therapy. PMID:27019289

  12. Manipulative rehabilitation applied soon after lumbar disc surgery improves late post-operative functional disability: A preliminary 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Kim, Byungho J; Kim, Taeyeong; Ahn, Junghoon; Cho, Heecheol; Kim, Dongyun; Yoon, Bumchul

    2017-05-05

    Studies have shown late post-operative physical disability and residual pain in patients following lumbar disc surgery despite growing evidence of its beneficial effects. Therefore, rehabilitation is required to minimise the late post-operative complications. To assess the feasibility of manipulative rehabilitation to improve late post-operative outcomes. Twenty-one patients aged 25-65 years undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy were randomly assigned to the rehabilitation group (n = 14) or active control group (n = 7) by simple randomisation. Eight rehabilitation sessions were initiated 2-3 weeks after surgery. Thirty-minute sessions were conducted twice weekly for four weeks. Post-operative physical disability and pain were assessed at baseline and at the two-year follow-up. Post-operative physical disability improved more in patients who had undergone rehabilitation than in those who had received control care (63% vs. -23%, P< 0.05). Post-operative residual low back and leg pain were alleviated in the treatment group (26% and 57%, respectively), but intensified in the control group (-5% and -8%, respectively). This study demonstrated the potential of manipulative rehabilitation and importance of post-operative management after lumbar disc surgery. Definitive trials with larger sample sizes are required to confirm the feasibility and potential therapeutic effectiveness of this approach.

  13. Operative treatment of type C intercondylar fractures of the distal humerus: results after a mean follow-up of 2 years in a series of 18 patients.

    PubMed

    Pajarinen, Jarkko; Björkenheim, Jan-Magnus

    2002-01-01

    We reviewed the results of internal fixation in a series of 18 patients (mean age, 44.4 years; SD, 19.1 years; range, 16-81 years) with type C intraarticular fractures of the distal humerus after a mean follow-up of 24.7 months (range, 10-41 months; SD, 9.3 months). An excellent or good result was observed in 10 patients (56%), according to the rating system of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association. All patients younger than 40 years (n = 8) had an excellent or good result, whereas those rates were found in only 2 of 10 patients older than 50 years. Low range of elbow motion (extension-flexion) and, consequently, inferior postoperative score were also correlated to male sex, the triceps-splitting approach, and immobilization exceeding 3 weeks. When stability of the humeral columns is achieved and the articular platform is reconstructed, satisfactory results can be obtained, even in comminuted supracondylar fractures. However, age over 50 years, poor bone quality, and open fracture are correlated with increased risk for an inferior postoperative result. Early mobilization, when possible, and the use of an olecranon osteotomy are recommended.

  14. Physical function outcome in cervical radiculopathy patients after physiotherapy alone compared with anterior surgery followed by physiotherapy: a prospective randomized study with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Peolsson, Anneli; Söderlund, Anne; Engquist, Markus; Lind, Bengt; Löfgren, Håkan; Vavruch, Ludek; Holtz, Anders; Winström-Christersson, Annelie; Isaksson, Ingrid; Öberg, Birgitta

    2013-02-15

    Prospective randomized study. To investigate differences in physical functional outcome in patients with radiculopathy due to cervical disc disease, after structured physiotherapy alone (consisting of neck-specific exercises with a cognitive-behavioral approach) versus after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) followed by the same structured physiotherapy program. No earlier studies have evaluated the effectiveness of a structured physiotherapy program or postoperative physical rehabilitation after ACDF for patients with magnetic resonance imaging-verified nerve compression due to cervical disc disease. Our prospective randomized study included 63 patients with radiculopathy and magnetic resonance imaging-verified nerve root compression, who were randomized to receive either ACDF in combination with physiotherapy or physiotherapy alone. For 49 of these patients, an independent examiner measured functional outcomes, including active range of neck motion, neck muscle endurance, and hand-related functioning before treatment and at 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-ups. There were no significant differences between the 2 treatment alternatives in any of the measurements performed (P = 0.17-0.91). Both groups showed improvements over time in neck muscle endurance (P ≤ 0.01), manual dexterity (P ≤ 0.03), and right-handgrip strength (P = 0.01). Compared with a structured physiotherapy program alone, ACDF followed by physiotherapy did not result in additional improvements in neck active range of motion, neck muscle endurance, or hand-related function in patients with radiculopathy. We suggest that a structured physiotherapy program should precede a decision for ACDF intervention in patients with radiculopathy, to reduce the need for surgery. 2.

  15. [Adherence to treatment after kidney transplantation as quality indicator of the information received: Longitudinal study of 2 years follow-up].

    PubMed

    Costa-Requena, G; Cantarell, M C; Moreso, F; Parramon, G; Seron, D

    Transplantation is an optimal form of treatment for end-stage renal disease, but requires lifelong adherence to immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of this study was to longitudinally assess the adherence to treatment after kidney transplant, as well as to compare the amount of information about the treatment received at one month and 18 months post-transplantation, and its influence on adherence to treatment. The Self-Reported Measure of Medication Adherence was administered at month (T1), 6 months (T2), 12 months (T3), 18 months (T4), and 24 months (T5) post-transplantation. Survey about aspects of knowledge and attitudes about medication, was administered at one month and 18 months post-transplant. Measures of central tendency and non-parametric tests were used to compare the data. The study included a total of 73 patients with a median age of 57 years. The percentage of patients non-adherent to medication was 9.6% (T1), 22.5% (T2), 29.2% (T3), 29.8% (T4), and 28.1% (T5). One month after transplantation "not consulting with the doctor on forgetting to take medication (P=.034) significantly influenced the non-adherence to treatment. At 18 months post- transplantation, none of the issues raised on medication knowledge had an influence on non-adherence to treatment. Longer times since transplantation increased the non-adherence to treatment. Some issues regarding the information of treatment influenced the non-adherence in the immediate transplant period, but not in the follow-up. Copyright © 2016 SECA. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Effect of reducing the nicotine content of cigarettes on cigarette smoking behavior and tobacco smoke toxicant exposure: 2-year follow up.

    PubMed

    Benowitz, Neal L; Nardone, Natalie; Dains, Katherine M; Hall, Sharon M; Stewart, Susan; Dempsey, Delia; Jacob, Peyton

    2015-10-01

    A broadly mandated reduction of the nicotine content (RNC) of cigarettes has been proposed in the United States to reduce the addictiveness of cigarettes, to prevent new smokers from becoming addicted and to facilitate quitting in established smokers. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether following 7 months of smoking very low nicotine content cigarettes (VLNC), and then returning to their own cigarettes, smokers would demonstrate persistently reduced nicotine intake compared with baseline or quit smoking. In a community-based clinic 135 smokers not interested in quitting were randomized to one of two groups. A research group smoked their usual brand of cigarettes, followed by five types of research cigarettes with progressively lower nicotine content, each for 1 month, followed by 6 months at the lowest nicotine level (0.5 mg/cigarette) (53 subjects) and then 12 months with no intervention (30 subjects completed). A control group smoked their usual brand for the same period of time (50 subjects at 6 months, 38 completed). Smoking behavior, biomarkers of nicotine intake and smoke toxicant exposure were measured. After 7 months smoking VLNC, nicotine intake remained below baseline (plasma cotinine 149 versus 250 ng/ml, P<0.005) with no significant change in cigarettes per day or expired carbon monoxide (CO). During the 12-month follow-up, cotinine levels in RNC smokers rose to baseline levels and to those of control smokers. Quit rates among RNC smokers were very low [7.5 versus 2% in controls, not significant). In smokers not interested in quitting, reducing the nicotine content in cigarettes over 12 months does not appear to result in extinction of nicotine dependence, assessed by persistently reduced nicotine intake or quitting smoking over the subsequent 12 months. © 2015 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  17. Antibody responses to Campylobacter infections determined by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay: 2-year follow-up study of 210 patients.

    PubMed

    Strid, M A; Engberg, J; Larsen, L B; Begtrup, K; Mølbak, K; Krogfelt, K A

    2001-03-01

    An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adapted to measure immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA classes of human serum antibody to Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Heat-stable antigen, a combination of C. jejuni serotype O:1,44 and O:53 in the ratio 1:1, was used as a coating antigen in the ELISA test. A total of 631 sera from 210 patients with verified Campylobacter enteritis were examined at various intervals after infection, and a control group of 164 sera were tested to determine the cut-off for negative results. With a 90th percentile of specificity, IgG, IgM, and IgA showed a sensitivity of 71, 60, and 80%, respectively. By combining all three antibody classes, the sensitivity was 92% within 35 days after infection, whereas within 90 days after infection, a combined sensitivity of 90% was found (IgG 68%, IgM 52%, and IgA 76%). At follow-up of the patients, IgG antibodies were elevated 4.5 months after infection but exhibited a large degree of variation in antibody decay profiles. IgA and IgM antibodies were elevated during the acute phase of infection (up to 2 months from onset of infection). The antibody response did not depend on Campylobacter species or C. jejuni serotype, with the important exception of response to C. jejuni O:19, the serotype most frequently associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. All of the patients infected with this serotype had higher levels of both IgM (P = 0.006) and IgA (P = 0.06) compared with other C. jejuni and C. coli serotypes.

  18. Antibody Responses to Campylobacter Infections Determined by an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: 2-Year Follow-Up Study of 210 Patients

    PubMed Central

    Strid, Mette Aagaard; Engberg, Jørgen; Larsen, Lena Brandt; Begtrup, Kamilla; Mølbak, Kåre; Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki

    2001-01-01

    An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was adapted to measure immunoglobulin G (IgG), IgM, and IgA classes of human serum antibody to Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. Heat-stable antigen, a combination of C. jejuni serotype O:1,44 and O:53 in the ratio 1:1, was used as a coating antigen in the ELISA test. A total of 631 sera from 210 patients with verified Campylobacter enteritis were examined at various intervals after infection, and a control group of 164 sera were tested to determine the cut-off for negative results. With a 90th percentile of specificity, IgG, IgM, and IgA showed a sensitivity of 71, 60, and 80%, respectively. By combining all three antibody classes, the sensitivity was 92% within 35 days after infection, whereas within 90 days after infection, a combined sensitivity of 90% was found (IgG 68%, IgM 52%, and IgA 76%). At follow-up of the patients, IgG antibodies were elevated 4.5 months after infection but exhibited a large degree of variation in antibody decay profiles. IgA and IgM antibodies were elevated during the acute phase of infection (up to 2 months from onset of infection). The antibody response did not depend on Campylobacter species or C. jejuni serotype, with the important exception of response to C. jejuni O:19, the serotype most frequently associated with Guillain-Barré syndrome. All of the patients infected with this serotype had higher levels of both IgM (P = 0.006) and IgA (P = 0.06) compared with other C. jejuni and C. coli serotypes. PMID:11238214

  19. Effects of enzyme replacement therapy on five patients with advanced late-onset glycogen storage disease type II: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Furusawa, Yoshihiko; Mori-Yoshimura, Madoka; Yamamoto, Toshiyuki; Sakamoto, Chikako; Wakita, Mizuki; Kobayashi, Yoko; Fukumoto, Yutaka; Oya, Yasushi; Fukuda, Tokiko; Sugie, Hideo; Hayashi, Yukiko K; Nishino, Ichizo; Nonaka, Ikuya; Murata, Miho

    2012-03-01

    We examined the efficacy of 2-year enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) using recombinant human α-glucosidase (GAA; Myozyme®) in five long-term ventilator-dependent adults and aged patients with advanced, late-onset glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII, also known as Pompe disease). Although all patients had advanced respiratory failure and were ventilator-dependent for more than 6 years, four showed obvious improvements in muscle strength, pulmonary function, and activities of daily living after ERT. Improvement in each parameter was more prominent in the first year than in the second year. Values in the second year were still significantly better than those at study entry and indicate stabilization in the clinical status of all patients. These results suggest that ERT continues to be effective in the second year of treatment even in patients suffering from advanced late-onset GSDII disease with severe respiratory failure.

  20. Associations Among Symptoms of Autism, Symptoms of Depression and Executive Functions in Children with High-Functioning Autism: A 2 Year Follow-Up Study.

    PubMed

    Andersen, Per Normann; Skogli, Erik Winther; Hovik, Kjell Tore; Egeland, Jens; Øie, Merete

    2015-08-01

    This study investigated the course of and association among changes in autism symptoms, depression symptoms and executive functions (EF) in children with high-functioning autism (HFA). Thirty-four children with HFA and 45 typically developing children (age 9-16) were assessed at baseline and after 2 years. Children with HFA had impaired scores on all measures at both time points. According to parent reports, depressive symptoms decreased over time, while EF improved and autism symptoms were stable. Children's reports did not reveal less depressive symptoms over time. A positive association was found only between changes in autism symptoms and changes in symptoms of depression. A possible implication is that interventions aimed at either autism symptoms or symptoms of depression may improve the other.

  1. [The fate of very early premature babies. Mortality, morbidity and 2-year follow-up in a population of 96 very early premature babies].

    PubMed

    Lenclen, R; Paupe, A; Carbajal, R; Blanc, P; Hoenn, E; Olivier-Martin, M

    1992-11-01

    The neonatal fate, and outcome at 2 years in a population of 96 premature babies born after no more than 28 weeks of amenorrhea is described. Mortality was directly influenced by the gestational age (< 26 WA = 52% vs. > or = 26 WA = 21.1%, p < 0.01) and the birth weight (< 1,000 g = 41.5% vs. > 1,000 g = 20%, p < 0.05). Two other factors with a harmful impact were identified: retarded growth (neonatal mortality doubled) and fetal multiplicity (increased fourfold). Investigation of the neonatal morbidity highlights the importance of respiratory, neurological and digestive problems. Assessment of the longer-term outcome has shown an 11.3 p. cent incidence of handicap. An estimation of the prognosis on the basis of gestational age is proposed.

  2. Adjacent segment degeneration after lumbar dynamic stabilization using pedicle screws and a nitinol spring rod system with 2-year minimum follow-up.

    PubMed

    Heo, Dong Hwa; Cho, Yong Jun; Cho, Sung Min; Choi, Hyun Chul; Kang, Suk Hyung

    2012-12-01

    Prospective study evaluating the adjacent segment degeneration after lumbar dynamic stabilization using pedicle screws and a Nitinol spring rod system. To assess the changes of the adjacent and implantation segments after lumbar dynamic stabilization surgery using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Lumbar fusion operations can accelerate the degeneration of adjacent levels. Recently, motion preservation surgery has been attempted for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases to prevent degeneration of adjacent levels. However, there is a controversy over whether lumbar dynamic stabilization accelerates degeneration of adjacent levels. We performed the dynamic stabilization procedure in patients with grade 1 degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis, lumbar spondylotic stenosis with segmental instability, or a herniated lumbar disc with segmental instability. Postoperative MRI scans were taken for >2 years in all enrolled 25 patients. We compared the findings regarding disc degeneration in the cranial, implantation, and caudal segments between the preoperative period and 2-year-plus postoperative period using T2-weighted sagittal MR images. In addition, we investigated the progression of the central and foraminal stenosis of the adjacent cranial and caudal levels. Three of the 25 cranial adjacent discs (12.0%) and 4 of the 25 (16%) caudal adjacent discs demonstrated progression of degeneration after dynamic stabilization. One of the 13 discs in the implantation segment demonstrated progression of degeneration, and 2 of the 13 discs in the implantation segment showed improvement of their disc degeneration (disc rehydration). A total of 5 (10.0%) of the 50 segments (3 cranial and 2 caudal adjacent) showed increased spinal stenosis postoperatively. Among the 5 cases, 3 patients had symptomatic adjacent stenosis. According to our results, lumbar dynamic stabilization using pedicle screws and a Nitinol spring rod system may not prevent adjacent level degeneration

  3. Task Modifications in Walking Postpone Decline in Life-Space Mobility Among Community-Dwelling Older People: A 2-year Follow-up Study.

    PubMed

    Rantakokko, Merja; Portegijs, Erja; Viljanen, Anne; Iwarsson, Susanne; Rantanen, Taina

    2017-09-01

    Task modification refers to performing a task differently than before. While task modification in walking may be a sign of looming walking difficulty, it may also be adaptive in and postpone the decline in life-space mobility. However, this has not been studied. This study examined whether changes in life-space mobility over a 2-year period differ between people who at baseline report no walking difficulty and no task modification, those who report no walking difficulty but task modification, and those who report walking difficulty. Community-dwelling people aged 75-90 years were interviewed face-to-face at baseline (N = 848), and over phone one (n = 816) and two (n = 761) years later. Life-space mobility was assessed annually with the Life-Space Assessment (range 0-120, higher scores indicate better life-space mobility). Self-reported ability to walk 2 km was assessed at baseline and categorized into "no difficulty," "no difficulty but task modifications" (reduced frequency, given up walking, walking slower or resting during walking) and "difficulty." The analyses were adjusted for age, gender, number of chronic conditions, cognitive impairment, lower extremity performance and education. The life-space mobility score was highest and remained stable over 2-years among those with no walking difficulties at baseline and lowest and showing a steady decline among those with walking difficulties. Those with task modifications formed the middle group. They showed no marked changes in life-space mobility during the first year, but significant decline during the second year. Task modifications in walking may help community-dwelling older people to postpone life-space mobility decline.

  4. Influence of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery on vitamin C, myeloperoxidase, and oral clinical manifestations: a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Netto, Bárbara Dal Molin; Moreira, Emilia Addison Machado; Patiño, Juliana Sedrez Reis; Benincá, Jucélia Pizzetti; Jordão, Alceu Afonso; Fröde, Tânia Silvia

    2012-02-01

    Bariatric surgery influences the intake and absorption of nutrients, which, when associated with vomiting, can damage the oral cavity. The serum concentrations of vitamin C and myeloperoxidase (MPO) and oral clinical manifestations were examined in patients 2 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Clinical prospective study with control group (CG; n = 26), assessed only once, and the bariatric group (BG; n = 26), assessed in the basal period and at 12 and 24 months after surgery. The mean ages in the CG and BG were 37.8 ± 1.51 and 39.6 ± 1.93 years, respectively, and their body mass indices were 22.07 ± 0.29 and 45.62 ± 1.46 kg/m(2), respectively. At 12 months after surgery, increased episodes of vomiting (P < .001) and dental hypersensitivity (P = .012) were observed, with a reduction in the saliva-buffering capacity of 21.3% ± 2.9% (P = .004). At 24 months after RYGB, a significant reduction in serum vitamin C was detected (32.9% ± 5.3%, P < .001), and MPO values were higher than in the basal period (P = .032). With regard to oral hygiene habits, 92.3% of patients reported frequent tooth brushing and 96.1% used fluoride, which were similar across the 2 years. However, dental hypersensitivity (P = .048) was significantly increased than baseline. The results demonstrated that vitamin C deficiency and increased vomiting after gastric bypass for morbid obesity may contribute to increased periodontal disease. The fact that it is impossible to determine which factor or factors (diet, poor compliance with supplementation, vomiting, poor oral hygiene) contributed to the dental problems in these patients is a shortcoming of the report.

  5. Efficacy and safety of polyacrylamide hydrogel for facial soft-tissue augmentation in a 2-year follow-up: a prospective multicenter study for evaluation of safety and aesthetic results in 101 patients.

    PubMed

    von Buelow, Silvester; Pallua, Norbert

    2006-09-01

    Polyacrylamide (Aquamid) is a nonabsorbable soft-tissue filler. It consists of a polyacrylamide hydrogel. Safety and aesthetic results after injection of polyacrylamide hydrogel for facial soft-tissue enhancement were analyzed in a clinical trial. In a prospective multicenter study, 251 patients were enrolled for injection of polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid). The results of the first year follow-up have been described previously. One hundred one of 251 initially enrolled patients could be recruited for follow-up 24 months after the first injection. Standardized photographs were taken, and blood and urine samples were collected before treatment and during follow-up visits. Common sites of injection were nasolabial folds, lips, glabella folds, and other sites. The amount of injected gel ranged from 0.2 to 12 ml. A course of 24 months was followed in 101 patients. Results were judged to be good or very good by the investigators in 93 patients. Eighty-six patients judged the aesthetic outcome as satisfactory or very satisfactory. No severe side effects were observed during the 2-year follow-up period. Transient local reactions that resolved spontaneously were detected in several patients. In one case, burning sensations after lip augmentation were reported lasting up to the 24-month follow-up visit. Polyacrylamide hydrogel (Aquamid) yielded satisfying aesthetic results in more than 90 percent of patients. There was no difference in efficacy between 12 and 24 months' follow-up. No adverse soft-tissue reaction was observed. The study group may be biased, as patients with bad results may have refrained from further follow-up. Long-term follow-up is necessary.

  6. The effects of the participation of patients with cancer in teaching communication skills to medical undergraduates: a randomised study with follow-up after 2 years.

    PubMed

    Klein, S; Tracy, D; Kitchener, H C; Walker, L G

    2000-01-01

    The importance of good doctor-patient communication is widely recognised. The aims of this study were to evaluate the immediate effects of the participation of patients with cancer on the attitudes and skills of undergraduate medical students receiving an interview skills training programme, and to assess the effects of the participation of patients with cancer on the attitudes and interview performance of students 2 years later. It was hypothesised that the participation of cancer patients would have specific beneficial effects on attitudes and interview performance. Before participating in a 6-session interview methods course in third year, students were randomised to be taught with patients who had cancer (experimental group) or with patients with other diagnoses (control group). Before and after participating in the course, 233 students (94% response rate) completed an Attitudes Questionnaire. When they reached their fifth year, 54 students again completed the Attitudes Questionnaire and, in addition, made a video recording of an interview with a patient who had gynaecological cancer. These recordings were rated independently by two researchers using the Interview Rating Instrument. Immediately after the course, a number of differences were found between the two groups. For example, students in the experimental group were more likely to consider the ability to listen an extremely important characteristic of hospital doctors and to consider more strongly that trust is an essential part of the doctor-patient relationship. 2 years after the course, the ability of hospital doctors to communicate with patients, and the need for clinical decisions to reflect patients' wishes, were considered to be more important by students in the experimental group, although even 96% of controls felt both these issues were very or extremely important. As hypothesised, the experimental group had better ratings in terms of responding empathically, showing regard and concern for the

  7. Health related quality of life, reoperation rate and function in patients with diabetes mellitus and hip fracture--a 2 year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Ekström, W; Al-Ani, A N; Sääf, M; Cederholm, T; Ponzer, S; Hedström, M

    2013-06-01

    Diabetes mellitus confers an increased risk of hip fractures. There is a limited knowledge of how the outcome after a hip fracture in patients with diabetes affect Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The primary aim of this study was to evaluate HRQoL. Secondary aims were reoperation rate, complications and functions in patients with diabetes followed for 2 years after a hip fracture. Out of 2133 patients diabetes was present in 234 patients (11%). Main outcome measurements were HRQoL evaluated with EuroQoL 5-Dindex score, reoperation rate, surgical and medical complications, function as walking ability, daily activities, living condition and pain. Preoperatively, patients with diabetes mellitus had more pain (p=0.044), co-morbidities, reduced health status (p=0.001) and more often used a walking frame (p=0.014) than patients without diabetes, whereas Katz ADL index, cognition and body mass index did not differ. There was no difference in fracture type, surgical method or reoperation between the two groups or between patients with insulin treated or oral treated diabetes. The EQ-5Dindex score decreased from 0.64 at admission to 0.45 at 4 months, 0.49 at 12 months and 0.51 at 24 months with similar results for patients with and without diabetes. During the first postoperative year there was not more medical complications among patients with diabetes, however cardiac (p=0.023) and renal failure (p=0.032) were more frequent in patients with diabetes at 24 months. Patients with diabetes more often had severe hip pain at 4 months (p=0.031). At 12 months more diabetic patients were living independently (p=0.034). There was no difference in walking ability, ADL and living condition between the groups at 24 months. The findings of this study indicate that patients with diabetes mellitus had more pain, co-morbidities, reduced health status preoperatively than patients without diabetes. Hip fracture patients with diabetes mellitus have more hip pain at 4 months. Cardiac

  8. A 2-year follow-up of orphans' competence, socioemotional problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms in traditional foster care and orphanages in Iraqi Kurdistan.

    PubMed

    Ahmad, A; Qahar, J; Siddiq, A; Majeed, A; Rasheed, J; Jabar, F; von Knorring, A-L

    2005-03-01

    This paper aims to compare orphans' development in two different care systems. Based on age, sex, psychological trauma scores, competence and psychological problem scores, two comparable samples were found representing orphans in the traditional foster care (n = 94) and the orphanages (n = 48) in a middle-large city in Iraqi Kurdistan. At an index interview, Child Behaviour Checklist (CBCL), Harvard-Uppsala Trauma Questionnaire for Children and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children (PTSS-C) were administered to the caregivers. After 1 year the CBCL, and after 2 years both the CBCL and the PTSS-C, were-re-administered, consecutively. Although both samples revealed significant decrease in the means of total competence and problem scores over time, the improvement in activity scale, externalizing problem scores and post-traumatic stress disorder-related symptoms proved to be more significant in the foster care than in the orphanages. While the activity scale improved in the foster care, the school competence deteriorated in both samples, particularly among the girls in the orphanages. The improvement of boys' activity scores in the foster care, and deterioration of girls' school competence in the orphanages were the most significant gender differences between samples over time. Even if the two orphan care systems showed more similarities than differences, the foster care revealed better outcomes over time. The results are discussed in relation to gender, age, socio-economic situation, cultural values and the characteristics of each care system.

  9. Immune response at birth, long-term immune memory and 2 years follow-up after in-utero anti-HBV DNA immunization.

    PubMed

    Fazio, V M; Ria, F; Franco, E; Rosati, P; Cannelli, G; Signori, E; Parrella, P; Zaratti, L; Iannace, E; Monego, G; Blogna, S; Fioretti, D; Iurescia, S; Filippetti, R; Rinaldi, M

    2004-03-01

    Infections occurring at the end of pregnancy, during birth or by breastfeeding are responsible for the high toll of death among first-week infants. In-utero DNA immunization has demonstrated the effectiveness in inducing specific immunity in newborns. A major contribution to infant immunization would be achieved if a vaccine proved able to be protective as early as at the birth, preventing the typical 'first-week infections'. To establish its potential for use in humans, in-utero DNA vaccination efficiency has to be evaluated for short- and long-term safety, protection at delivery, efficacy of boosts in adults and effective window/s for modulation of immune response during pregnancy, in an animal model suitable with human development. Here we show that a single intramuscular in-utero anti-HBV DNA immunization at two-thirds of pig gestation produces, at birth, antibody titers considered protective in humans. The boost of antibody titers in every animal following recall at 4 and 10 months demonstrates the establishment of immune memory. The safety of in-utero fetus manipulation is guaranteed by short-term (no fetus loss, lack of local alterations, at-term spontaneous delivery, breastfeeding) and long-term (2 years) monitoring. Treatment of fetuses closer to delivery results in immune ignorance without induction of tolerance. This result highlights the repercussion of selecting the appropriate time point when this approach is used to deliver therapeutic genes. All these findings illustrate the relevance of naked DNA-based vaccination technology in therapeutic efforts aimed to prevent the high toll of death among first-week infants.

  10. One, two-, and three-level instrumented posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine with a local bone graft: a prospective study with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Inage, Kazuhide; Ohtori, Seiji; Koshi, Takana; Suzuki, Munetaka; Takaso, Masashi; Yamashita, Masaomi; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Inoue, Gen; Orita, Sumihisa; Eguchi, Yawara; Ochiai, Nobuyasu; Kishida, Shunji; Kuniyoshi, Kazuki; Aoki, Yasuchika; Nakamura, Junichi; Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro; Arai, Gen; Miyagi, Masayuki; Kamoda, Hiroto; Suzuki, Takane; Toyone, Tomoaki; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2011-08-01

    Prospective trial. To examine the difference in bone union and clinical results after one-, two-, and three-level instrumented posterolateral fusion surgery using a local bone graft. The iliac crest bone graft technique for lumbar posterolateral fusion surgery is widely used; however, donor site problems such as pain and sensory disturbance have been reported. Local bone has been used for fusion surgery; however, its reliability as a graft for multiple segments has not been fully reported. One hundred twenty-two patients diagnosed with degenerated spondylolisthesis were divided into three groups [spondylolisthesis at 1 level (n = 42), at 2 levels (n = 40), and at 3 levels (n = 40)]. All patients underwent decompression and instrumented posterolateral fusion with a local bone graft. The amount of bone graft, proportion of patients with (rate) and duration of bone union, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) score, Japanese Orthopedic Association Score (JOAS), and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were evaluated before and 2 years after therapy. VAS score, JOA score, and ODI were not significantly different among the three groups before and after surgery (P > 0.05). Average amount of local bone graft used for one segment significantly decreased in proportion to the number of fusion levels (P < 0.05). The rate of bone union was 88% in the one-level group, 85% in the two-level group, and 62.5% in the three-level group, which was significantly lower than that in the one- and two-level groups (P < 0.05). If one- and two-level posterolateral fusion were performed, the local bone graft technique provides a good and uniform bone union rate; however, for three-level fusion poor results were obtained because of an insufficient amount of local bone.

  11. Employment outcome and predictors of competitive employment at 2-year follow-up of a vocational rehabilitation programme for individuals with schizophrenia in a high-income welfare society.

    PubMed

    Evensen, Stig; Ueland, Torill; Lystad, June Ullevoldsæter; Bull, Helen; Klungsøyr, Ole; Martinsen, Egil W; Falkum, Erik

    2017-04-01

    Employment is an important part of recovery for individuals with schizophrenia. The employment rate for this group is as low as 10% in Norway, and major system related barriers to employment are evident. This study reports the competitive employment outcome at 2-year follow-up of a vocational rehabilitation study augmented with cognitive remediation (CR) or elements from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. It also investigates if global functioning, self-esteem, and depression at baseline predicts employment outcome, and if change in these variables during the intervention period is associated with employment outcome. One hundred and forty-eight participants with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in six Norwegian counties received 10 months vocational rehabilitation augmented with either CBT (n = 84) or CR (n = 64). Both competitive and sheltered workplaces were used. Participants were assessed at baseline, at the end of the intervention period, and at 2-year follow-up. At 2-year follow-up, 21.2% had obtained competitive employment. A further 25.3% had work placements in competitive workplaces. Significant improvements were found in global functioning, self-esteem, and depression during the intervention period, but no significant differences between the two intervention groups. High baseline global functioning and self-esteem, as well as positive change in these variables during the intervention period, were significantly associated with higher competitive employment outcome at 2-year follow-up. The results add to existing evidence that competitive employment is attainable for individuals with schizophrenia. High global functioning and self-esteem were strongly associated with competitive employment outcome.

  12. Changes in HbA1c levels and body mass index after successful decompression surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and lumbar spinal stenosis: results of a 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kyoung-Tae; Cho, Dae-Chul; Sung, Joo-Kyung; Kim, Chi Heon; Kang, Hyun; Kim, Du Hwan

    2017-02-01

    Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) can hinder a patient's physical activity, which in turn can impair glucose tolerance and body weight regulation in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2). Therefore, successful lumbar surgery could facilitate glycemic control and body weight regulation. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of postoperative improvement in physical activity on body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level in patients with LSS and DM-2 over a 2-year follow-up period. Prospective longitudinal observational study. Patients with LSS and DM-2. Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for back pain and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores, JOA Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) sections, BMI, and blood analysis for HbA1c were carried out. A total of 119 patients were enrolled for analysis of the effect of successful decompression surgery on changes in HbA1c levels and BMI. The VAS score, ODI score, JOA score, JOABPEQ, BMI, HbA1c were reassessed at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. Additionally, correlations between changes in HbA1c and changes in the ODI, JOA, JOABPEQs, and BMI were analyzed. The overall values of HbA1c before and at 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after the surgery were 7.08±0.94%, 6.58±0.87%, 6.59±0.79%, and 6.59±0.79%, respectively (p-values; 6 months: .024; 1 year: .021; 2 years: .038). In the not well-controlled sugar (non-WCS) group (preoperative HbA1c>6.5%), the difference between pre- and postoperative HbA1c was highly statistically significant (p<.01). The overweight group (preoperative BMI≥25) showed statistically significant BMI reduction in the second year after surgery (p=.034). The postoperative HbA1c changes are strongly correlated with the improvements of ODI, JOA, and JOABPEQ after surgery. The present study demonstrates that in patients with DM-2 and LSS, successful lumbar surgery may facilitate glycemic control by enabling an

  13. Effectiveness of the Austrian disease management programme "Therapie Aktiv" for type 2 diabetes regarding the improvement of metabolic control, risk profile and guideline adherence: 2 years of follow up.

    PubMed

    Flamm, Maria; Panisch, Sigrid; Winkler, Henrike; Johansson, Tim; Weitgasser, Raimund; Sönnichsen, Andreas C

    2012-09-01

    We evaluated the disease management programme (DMP) "Therapie Aktiv" for diabetes mellitus type 2 during the first year of implementation in a cluster-randomised controlled trial (RCT), which revealed an improvement of process quality, but only insignificant effects on HbA1c. To further analyse the effects of the DMP we followed up participants of the RCT for another year. After completion of the RCT, the study was continued as an open observational trial. By patient's choice, three groups were formed. Group 1 (DMP/DMP): interventions of the RCT (DMP), who remained in the DMP; group 2 (Control/DMP): controls of the RCT (usual care), who participated in the DMP during the second year; group 3 (Control/Control): controls of the RCT (usual care), who remained as controls. HbA1c. BMI, lipids, blood pressure and measures of process quality. Only 801 of 1,489 RCT participants completed the study (53.8 %). Group 1: n = 355; group 2: n = 335; group 3: n = 111. After 2 years, pre-post-analysis revealed a significant reduction of HbA1c (0.37 %, p < 0.001) in both DMP groups, and a reduction of only 0.03 % (p = 0.975) in the control group. However, the difference between the groups was not significant (p = 0.065). There was a significant improvement of process quality in the DMP groups compared with controls. The DMP clearly enhances process quality. Furthermore, the DMP yields a reduction of HbA1c within groups after 2 years, but significance is lost in between-group analysis. We conclude that the DMP has only a minor effect on metabolic control.

  14. [Analysis of prenatal follow-up strategies for trisomy 21 affected pregnancies in France].

    PubMed

    Dupont, J-M; Simon-Bouy, B; Zebina, A; Pessione, F; Royère, D; Doco-Fenzy, M

    2017-03-01

    The main objective of this study was to screen the prenatal follow-up of women with live birth trisomy 21 child in order to evaluate the proportion of prenatal screening failure versus cases where the women refused either the screening or the prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. This study covers the period of time from 2009 to 2012 when the national prenatal screening policy changed from second to first trimester and allows for a comparative assessment of the nationwide efficiency of the various maternal serum marker based strategies. All authorized cytogenetic laboratories sent required data for all cases of trisomy 21 diagnosed in FRANCE in new-borns (less than 1-year-old) from January 2010 to July 2013. A total of 1253 cases of trisomy 21 were diagnosed before 1 year of age whose mother did not had prenatal diagnosis. For 861 of them, information on the prenatal follow-up was available, with 72% of cases where a prenatal screening was organized either by maternal serum marker or by ultrasound. Results of the screening strategy was positive with maternal serum marker in 28% of cases (calculated risk≥1/250), positive because of abnormal ultrasound in 5% and negative with maternal marker screening (whatever the strategy used) in 67% of cases. Detection rate over the period of the study was 82%, with similar efficiency of first and second trimester strategies (83%) but significantly lower with sequential association of first trimester Nuchal translucency measurement and second trimester serum screening (70%). Switching from second trimester to first trimester screening strategy, with as many trisomy 21 foetuses diagnosed with half invasive procedures fulfilled national health policy objectives. Analysis of these data gives useful insights to elaborate a future screening policy involving cell-free foetal DNA sequencing. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Cost Analysis of Following Up Incomplete Low-Risk Fetal Anatomy Ultrasounds.

    PubMed

    O'Brien, Karen; Shainker, Scott A; Modest, Anna M; Spiel, Melissa H; Resetkova, Nina; Shah, Neel; Hacker, Michele R

    2017-03-01

    To examine the clinical utility and cost of follow-up ultrasounds performed as a result of suboptimal views at the time of initial second-trimester ultrasound in a cohort of low-risk pregnant women. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women at low risk for fetal structural anomalies who had second-trimester ultrasounds at 16 to less than 24 weeks of gestation from 2011 to 2013. We determined the probability of women having follow-up ultrasounds as a result of suboptimal views at the time of the initial second-trimester ultrasound, and calculated the probability of detecting an anomaly on follow-up ultrasound. These probabilities were used to estimate the national cost of our current ultrasound practice, and the cost to identify one fetal anomaly on follow-up ultrasound. During the study period, 1,752 women met inclusion criteria. Four fetuses (0.23% [95% CI 0.06-0.58]) were found to have anomalies at the initial ultrasound. Because of suboptimal views, 205 women (11.7%) returned for a follow-up ultrasound, and one (0.49% [95% CI 0.01-2.7]) anomaly was detected. Two women (0.11%) still had suboptimal views and returned for an additional follow-up ultrasound, with no anomalies detected. When the incidence of incomplete ultrasounds was applied to a similar low-risk national cohort, the annual cost of these follow-up scans was estimated at $85,457,160. In our cohort, the cost to detect an anomaly on follow-up ultrasound was approximately $55,000. The clinical yield of performing follow-up ultrasounds because of suboptimal views on low-risk second-trimester ultrasounds is low. Since so few fetal abnormalities were identified on follow-up scans, this added cost and patient burden may not be warranted. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Associations between the home environment and children's sweet beverage consumption at 2-year follow-up: the 'Be active, eat right' study.

    PubMed

    van Grieken, A; Renders, C M; van de Gaar, V M; Hirasing, R A; Raat, H

    2015-04-01

    This study evaluates the association between home environmental characteristics and sweet beverage consumption (i.e. beverages that contain sugar) of 7-year-old children. The population for analysis consisted of n = 2047 parents and their children from the population-based 'Be active, eat right' study. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, parental beliefs, parenting practices and child's sweet beverage consumption were obtained by parental report with questionnaires. We performed linear and multinomial regression analyses evaluating associations between characteristics at age 5 years and (i) consumption at 7 years and (ii) consumption patterns between age 5 and 7 years with reference category 'low consumption'. Based on the report from their parents, 5-year-old children drank on average 3.0 (SD:1.4) sweet beverage per day. Children consumed less sweet beverages at age 7 years (beta -0.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.24 to -0.09) when there were less sweet beverages available at home. The multinomial regression model showed that children with parents who discouraged sweet beverage consumption were more likely to decrease their sweet beverage consumption over the study period (odds ratio: 1.24, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.43). Moreover, when there were less sweet beverages available at home, children were less likely to increase their consumption or have a high consumption over the study period (odds ratio: 0.70, 95% CI 0.59 to 0.83 and 0.61, 95% CI 0.54 to 0.70, respectively). The results showed that characteristics of the home environment are associated with the consumption of sweet beverages among children. Specifically, the availability of sweet beverages at home is associated with the child's sweet beverage consumption. © 2014 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity © 2014 World Obesity.

  17. Ankle arthrodesis. Long-term follow-up with gait analysis.

    PubMed

    Mazur, J M; Schwartz, E; Simon, S R

    1979-10-01

    A functional assessment of twelve patients after ankle arthrodesis for post-traumatic arthritis was carried out by means of an extensive clinical evaluation and gait analysis after an average follow-up of eight years. A weighted point system was developed to grade ankle function clinically. The data on gait analysis were examined to determine the effect of arthrodesis of the ankle on the over-all pattern of walking. Under conditions of normal daily living while wearing shoes, all patients functioned well after arthrodesis. The gait-analysis data obtained with the patients wearing shoes showed excellent gait characteristics, and the ankle motion that had been lost was compensated for by: (1) motion of the small joints of the ipsilateral foot; (2) altered motion of the ankle in the contralateral limb; and (3) appropriate footwear. While the patients were walking barefooted, some adverse effects of fusion of the ankle were evident. Velocity of gait was slowed and the length of stride was shortened in all twelve patients. One patient whose ankle had been fused in an equinus position had a back-knee deformity during stance phase, and another walked only on his toes when he was without shoes. The gait patterns of all patients were markedly improved when they were wearing shoes with appropriate heel heights.

  18. Quantile regression analysis of censored longitudinal data with irregular outcome-dependent follow-up.

    PubMed

    Sun, Xiaoyan; Peng, Limin; Manatunga, Amita; Marcus, Michele

    2016-03-01

    In many observational longitudinal studies, the outcome of interest presents a skewed distribution, is subject to censoring due to detection limit or other reasons, and is observed at irregular times that may follow a outcome-dependent pattern. In this work, we consider quantile regression modeling of such longitudinal data, because quantile regression is generally robust in handling skewed and censored outcomes and is flexible to accommodate dynamic covariate-outcome relationships. Specifically, we study a longitudinal quantile regression model that specifies covariate effects on the marginal quantiles of the longitudinal outcome. Such a model is easy to interpret and can accommodate dynamic outcome profile changes over time. We propose estimation and inference procedures that can appropriately account for censoring and irregular outcome-dependent follow-up. Our proposals can be readily implemented based on existing software for quantile regression. We establish the asymptotic properties of the proposed estimator, including uniform consistency and weak convergence. Extensive simulations suggest good finite-sample performance of the new method. We also present an analysis of data from a long-term study of a population exposed to polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), which uncovers an inhomogeneous PBB elimination pattern that would not be detected by traditional longitudinal data analysis. © 2015, The International Biometric Society.

  19. Curve Progression in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis With a Minimum of 2 Years' Follow-up After Completed Brace Weaning With Reference to the SRS Standardized Criteria.

    PubMed

    Shi, Benlong; Guo, Jing; Mao, Saihu; Wang, Zhiwei; Yu, Fiona W P; Lee, Kwong Man; Ng, Bobby K W; Zhu, Zezhang; Qiu, Yong; Cheng, Jack C Y; Lam, Tsz Ping

    2016-05-01

    A retrospective study. To investigate curve evolution after brace weaning in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) with reference to the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) criteria. Previous studies mainly focused on curve evolution during bracing in AIS. However, curve progression after brace weaning was not well addressed. Braced AIS girls followed up for at least 2 years after brace weaning were reviewed. All patients had radiographs at initial visit, brace weaning, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years after brace weaning, and last follow-up. Curve progression after brace weaning was separately defined as increase in Cobb angle >5 degrees and curve magnitude >45 degrees. The predictors for curve progression were identified using the independent t test. 200 AIS girls were reviewed. The average duration of follow-up after brace weaning was 51.4 ± 25.6 months. Compared with brace weaning, at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years and last follow-up after brace weaning, 50 (25.0%), 60 (30.0%), 93 (46.5%), and 87 (43.5%) patients, respectively, had curve progression >5 degrees; 0 (0%), 0 (0%), 2 (1%), and 2 (1%) patients, respectively, had surgery recommended; among those with Cobb angle ≤40 degrees at brace weaning, 7 (4.0%), 11 (6.3%), 16 (9.2%), and 18 (10.3%) patients, respectively, had Cobb angle >45 degrees; the mean progression magnitudes were 2.6 ± 5.8, 3.5 ± 5.8, 5.1 ± 6.5, and 5.4 ± 7.4 degrees, respectively; and the mean progression rates were 0.34 ± 0.83, 0.16 ± 0.56, 0.13 ± 0.39, and 0.006 ± 0.28 degrees/month, respectively. Cobb angle at brace weaning was associated with increase in Cobb angle >5 degrees (p = .033) and curve magnitude >45 degrees (p < .001) after brace weaning. Curve progression after brace weaning is observed in 43.5% AIS patients. The highest risk occurs within 6 months after brace weaning whereas Cobb angle remains stable after 2 years' follow-up. High Cobb angle at brace weaning indicates high risk of curve progression after brace weaning

  20. Micro-Raman Spectroscopy and Univariate Analysis for Monitoring Disease Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Camerlingo, Carlo; Delfino, Ines; Perna, Giuseppe; Capozzi, Vito; Lepore, Maria

    2011-01-01

    Micro-Raman spectroscopy is a very promising tool for medical applications, thanks to its sensitivity to subtle changes in the chemical and structural characteristics of biological specimens. To fully exploit these promises, building a method of data analysis properly suited for the case under study is crucial. Here, a linear or univariate approach using a R2 determination coefficient is proposed for discriminating Raman spectra even with small differences. The validity of the proposed approach has been tested using Raman spectra of high purity glucose solutions collected in the 600 to 1,600 cm−1 region and also from solutions with two known solutes at different concentrations. After this validation step, the proposed analysis has been applied to Raman spectra from oral human tissues affected by Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV), a rare life-threatening autoimmune disease, for monitoring disease follow-up. Raman spectra have been obtained in the wavenumber regions from 1,050 to 1,700 cm−1 and 2,700 to 3,200 cm−1 from tissues of patients at different stages of pathology (active PV, under therapy and PV in remission stage) as confirmed by histopathological and immunofluorescence analysis. Differences in the spectra depending on tissue illness stage have been detected at 1,150–1,250 cm−1 (amide III) and 1,420–1,450 cm−1 (CH3 deformation) regions and around 1,650 cm−1 (amide I) and 2,930 cm−1 (CH3 symmetric stretch). The analysis of tissue Raman spectra by the proposed univariate method has allowed us to effectively differentiate tissues at different stages of pathology. PMID:22164077

  1. Micro-Raman spectroscopy and univariate analysis for monitoring disease follow-up.

    PubMed

    Camerlingo, Carlo; Delfino, Ines; Perna, Giuseppe; Capozzi, Vito; Lepore, Maria

    2011-01-01

    Micro-Raman spectroscopy is a very promising tool for medical applications, thanks to its sensitivity to subtle changes in the chemical and structural characteristics of biological specimens. To fully exploit these promises, building a method of data analysis properly suited for the case under study is crucial. Here, a linear or univariate approach using a R2 determination coefficient is proposed for discriminating Raman spectra even with small differences. The validity of the proposed approach has been tested using Raman spectra of high purity glucose solutions collected in the 600 to 1,600 cm(-1) region and also from solutions with two known solutes at different concentrations. After this validation step, the proposed analysis has been applied to Raman spectra from oral human tissues affected by Pemphigus Vulgaris (PV), a rare life-threatening autoimmune disease, for monitoring disease follow-up. Raman spectra have been obtained in the wavenumber regions from 1,050 to 1,700 cm(-1) and 2,700 to 3,200 cm(-1) from tissues of patients at different stages of pathology (active PV, under therapy and PV in remission stage) as confirmed by histopathological and immunofluorescence analysis. Differences in the spectra depending on tissue illness stage have been detected at 1,150-1,250 cm(-1) (amide III) and 1,420-1,450 cm(-1) (CH3 deformation) regions and around 1,650 cm(-1) (amide I) and 2,930 cm(-1) (CH3 symmetric stretch). The analysis of tissue Raman spectra by the proposed univariate method has allowed us to effectively differentiate tissues at different stages of pathology.

  2. Multi-observation PET image analysis for patient follow-up quantitation and therapy assessment.

    PubMed

    David, S; Visvikis, D; Roux, C; Hatt, M

    2011-09-21

    In positron emission tomography (PET) imaging, an early therapeutic response is usually characterized by variations of semi-quantitative parameters restricted to maximum SUV measured in PET scans during the treatment. Such measurements do not reflect overall tumor volume and radiotracer uptake variations. The proposed approach is based on multi-observation image analysis for merging several PET acquisitions to assess tumor metabolic volume and uptake variations. The fusion algorithm is based on iterative estimation using a stochastic expectation maximization (SEM) algorithm. The proposed method was applied to simulated and clinical follow-up PET images. We compared the multi-observation fusion performance to threshold-based methods, proposed for the assessment of the therapeutic response based on functional volumes. On simulated datasets the adaptive threshold applied independently on both images led to higher errors than the ASEM fusion and on clinical datasets it failed to provide coherent measurements for four patients out of seven due to aberrant delineations. The ASEM method demonstrated improved and more robust estimation of the evaluation leading to more pertinent measurements. Future work will consist in extending the methodology and applying it to clinical multi-tracer datasets in order to evaluate its potential impact on the biological tumor volume definition for radiotherapy applications.

  3. Multi-observation PET image analysis for patient follow-up quantitation and therapy assessment

    PubMed Central

    David, Simon; Visvikis, Dimitris; Roux, Christian; Hatt, Mathieu

    2011-01-01

    In Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging, an early therapeutic response is usually characterized by variations of semi-quantitative parameters restricted to maximum SUV measured in PET scans during the treatment. Such measurements do not reflect overall tumour volume and radiotracer uptake variations. The proposed approach is based on multi-observation image analysis for merging several PET acquisitions to assess tumour metabolic volume and uptake variations. The fusion algorithm is based on iterative estimation using stochastic expectation maximization (SEM) algorithm. The proposed method was applied to simulated and clinical follow-up PET images. We compared the multi-observation fusion performance to threshold-based methods, proposed for the assessment of the therapeutic response based on functional volumes. On simulated datasets, the adaptive threshold applied independently on both images led to higher errors than the ASEM fusion and on the clinical datasets, it failed to provide coherent measurements for four patients out of seven due to aberrant delineations. The ASEM method demonstrated improved and more robust estimation of the evaluation leading to more pertinent measurements. Future work will consist in extending the methodology and applying it to clinical multi-tracers datasets in order to evaluate its potential impact on the biological tumour volume definition for radiotherapy applications. PMID:21846937

  4. Genetic Analysis and Follow-Up of 25 Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus Patients in China

    PubMed Central

    Cao, Bingyan; Gong, Chunxiu; Wu, Di; Lu, Chaoxia; Liu, Fang; Liu, Xiaojing; Zhang, Yingxian; Gu, Yi; Qi, Zhan; Li, Xiaoqiao; Liu, Min; Li, Wenjing; Su, Chang; Liang, Xuejun; Feng, Mei

    2016-01-01

    Aims. To study the clinical features, genetic etiology, and the correlation between phenotype and genotype of neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) in Chinese patients. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 25 NDM patients along with their follow-up details. Molecular genetic analysis was performed. We compared the HbA1c levels between PNDM group and infantile-onset T1DM patients. Results. Of 25 NDM patients, 18 (72.0%) were PNDM and 7 (28.0%) were TNDM. Among 18 PNDM cases, 6 (33.3%) had known KATP channel mutations (KATP-PNDM). There were six non-KATP mutations, five novel mutations, including INS, EIF2AK3 (n = 2), GLIS3, and SLC19A2, one known EIF2AK3 mutation. There are two ABCC8 mutations in TNDM cases and one paternal UPD6q24. Five of the six KATP-PNDM patients were tried for glyburide transition, and 3 were successfully switched to glyburide. Mean HbA1c of PNDM was not significantly different from infantile onset T1DM (7.2% versus 7.4%, P = 0.41). Conclusion. PNDM accounted for 72% of NDM patients. About one-third of PNDM and TNDM patients had KATP mutations. The genetic etiology could be determined in 50% of PNDM and 43% of TNDM cases. PNDM patients achieved good glycemic control with insulin or glyburide therapy. The etiology of NDM suggests polygenic inheritance. PMID:26839896

  5. New BPD predicts lung function at school age: Follow-up study and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Ronkainen, Eveliina; Dunder, Teija; Peltoniemi, Outi; Kaukola, Tuula; Marttila, Riitta; Hallman, Mikko

    2015-11-01

    New treatment practices have improved survival of preterm infants and decreased airway pathology in bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Our aim was to investigate whether preterm birth, BPD, and the severity of BPD predict lung function in school children that are born in surfactant era. We studied pulmonary function of 88 school-aged children born very preterm (gestational age <32 weeks) and paired them with 88 age- and sex-matched controls born at term. Spirometry and diffusion capacity were recorded. We also performed a meta-analysis covering the era of antenatal corticosteroid and surfactant treatment. BPD was defined as oxygen dependence for ≥ 28 days and it was severity-graded by oxygen requirement at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (mild, none; moderate, FiO2 = 0.22-0.29; severe, FiO2 ≥ 0.30). Preterm children had lower forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1 ) 86.4 ± 11.8 versus 94.9 ± 10.1 (mean % predicted ± SD; P < 0.001), and lower diffusion capacity (DLCO) 87.6 ± 13.9 versus 93.7 ± 12.0 (P = 0.005) compared with term controls. BPD group differed in both FEV1 (P = 0.037) and DLCO (P = 0.018) from those without BPD. For meta-analysis, search identified 210 articles. Together with present results, six articles met the inclusion criteria. FEV1 of no BPD, all BPD, and moderate to severe BPD groups differed from that in term controls by -7.4, -10.5, and -17.8%, respectively. According to meta-analysis and follow-up study, the adverse effects of prematurity on pulmonary function are still detectable in school-age. BPD was associated with reductions in both diffusion capacity and spirometry. New interventions are required to document a further decrease in the life-long consequences of prematurity. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. Do Intraoperative LIV-Tilt and Disk Angle Remain Stable at 2-year Follow-up Compared With Upright Radiographs in Patients With Idiopathic Scoliosis?: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

    PubMed

    Barsi, James; Caprio, Brendan; Garg, Sumeet; Baulesh, David; Erickson, Mark

    2015-08-01

    This study was a retrospective chart and radiographic review. The aim of this study was to determine if lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) tilt and disk wedging measured intraoperatively correlated to their respective values on standing radiographs at intermediate follow-up. No guidelines exist regarding an acceptable intraoperative LIV-tilt. After IRB approval, a consecutive series of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and structural lumbar curves treated with posterior spinal fusion (PSF) at a single institution between 2007 and 2010 was identified. A total of 163 patients with AIS underwent PSF during this time period. Seventeen patients had fusion of structural lumbar curves with adequate imaging and a minimum 2-year follow-up. The LIV-tilt and disk angle below the LIV was measured on the preoperative standing, intraoperative supine fluoroscopy and postoperative standing radiographs, and coronal balance was measured on the preoperative and postoperative standing radiographs using a standardized method separately by 2 authors. The curve distribution was as follows: Lenke 3 (29%), Lenke 5 (47%), and Lenke 6 (24%). There was agreement on radiographic measurements between the 2 authors with a correlation coefficient of 0.98 for coronal balance, 0.91 for LIV-tilt, and 0.65 for disk angle. LIV-tilt improved from 19.4 degrees preoperatively to 3.6 degrees intraoperatively. At minimum 2-year follow-up, LIV had on average progressed to 8.6 degrees. The disk angle improved from 5.4 degrees preoperatively to 2.5 degrees intraoperatively. This improvement was maintained at 2 years (2.8 degrees). Coronal balance also improved during the postoperative period from 17.9 mm immediately following surgery to 11.1 mm at the last follow-up. Compared with prone intraoperative fluoroscopic images, disk wedging below LIV remains stable at 2 years postsurgery on standing radiographs in patients with AISundergoing PSF, including structural lumbar curves, whereas LIV

  7. Cognitive and motor performance in Congolese children with konzo during 4 years of follow-up: a longitudinal analysis.

    PubMed

    Boivin, Michael J; Okitundu, Daniel; Makila-Mabe, Bumoko; Sombo, Marie-Therese; Mumba, Dieudonne; Sikorskii, Alla; Mayambu, Banea; Tshala-Katumbay, Desire

    2017-09-01

    Konzo is an irreversible upper-motor neuron disorder affecting children dependent on bitter cassava for food. The neurocognitive ability of children with konzo over time has yet to be fully documented. We did a longitudinal study in a konzo outbreak zone continuously affected by konzo since 1990, in the district of Kahemba, southern Bandundu Province, Congo. We enrolled children with a record of neurological diagnosis of konzo in Kahemba town. For all study children with konzo enrolled in the final sample for the baseline assessment, a neurological exam was done by neurologists to confirm konzo diagnosis using the 1996 WHO criteria at 2 years and 4 years. In the initial baseline sample for each child with konzo, we attempted to get consent from a comparison child without konzo (1996 WHO criteria) within 2 years of age, from a neighbouring household who met inclusion criteria. The neuropsychological assessments were the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, second edition (KABC-II), and the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, second edition (BOT-2). Data collection occurred between Oct 12, 2011, and Aug 14, 2015, in the town of Kahemba. 123 children from the Congo with konzo and 87 presumably healthy children without konzo from neighbouring households were enrolled. The planned assessments were completed by 76 children with konzo and 82 children without konzo at 2-year follow-up, and by 55 children with konzo and 33 children without konzo at 4-year follow-up. Boys with konzo did worse than those without konzo on the KABC-II Learning (p=0·0424) and on the Mental Processing Index (MPI; p=0·0111) assessments at 2-year follow-up, but girls did not. These differences observed in boys might have been caused by stunting. At 4-year follow-up, the difference in KABC-II MPI score between boys or girls with or without konzo was not significant. Both boys and girls with konzo had lower scores on BOT-2 than children without konzo at both follow-up times (p<0

  8. Cost analysis for the implementation of a medication review with follow-up service in Spain.

    PubMed

    Noain, Aranzazu; Garcia-Cardenas, Victoria; Gastelurrutia, Miguel Angel; Malet-Larrea, Amaia; Martinez-Martinez, Fernando; Sabater-Hernandez, Daniel; Benrimoj, Shalom I

    2017-08-01

    Background Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service proven to be cost-effective. Its broader implementation is limited, mainly due to the lack of evidence-based implementation programs that include economic and financial analysis. Objective To analyse the costs and estimate the price of providing and implementing MRF. Setting Community pharmacy in Spain. Method Elderly patients using poly-pharmacy received a community pharmacist-led MRF for 6 months. The cost analysis was based on the time-driven activity based costing model and included the provider costs, initial investment costs and maintenance expenses. The service price was estimated using the labour costs, costs associated with service provision, potential number of patients receiving the service and mark-up. Main outcome measures Costs and potential price of MRF. Results A mean time of 404.4 (SD 232.2) was spent on service provision and was extrapolated to annual costs. Service provider cost per patient ranged from €196 (SD 90.5) to €310 (SD 164.4). The mean initial investment per pharmacy was €4594 and the mean annual maintenance costs €3,068. Largest items contributing to cost were initial staff training, continuing education and renting of the patient counselling area. The potential service price ranged from €237 to €628 per patient a year. Conclusion Time spent by the service provider accounted for 75-95% of the final cost, followed by initial investment costs and maintenance costs. Remuneration for professional pharmacy services provision must cover service costs and appropriate profit, allowing for their long-term sustainability.

  9. Endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aneurysm: a retrospective analysis of CT follow-up.

    PubMed

    Hechelhammer, Lukas; Wildermuth, Simon; Lachat, Mario L; Pfammatter, Thomas

    2005-05-01

    Retrospective radiologic and clinical midterm follow-up is reported for 10 patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). At a mean follow-up of 33 months, regression of the thickness of the perianeurysmal fibrosis (PAF) and decrease of aneurysmal sac diameter was observed in nine patients. Four EVAR-associated complications were observed: periinterventional dissection of femoral artery (n = 1), blue toe syndrome (n = 1), and stent-graft disconnection (n = 2). EVAR is the less invasive method of aneurysm exclusion in patients with IAAA with a comparable evolution of the PAF as reported after open repair.

  10. Retrospective analysis of 140 cases of medullary thyroid carcinoma followed-up in a single institution

    PubMed Central

    SIMÕES-PEREIRA, JOANA; BUGALHO, MARIA JOÃO; LIMBERT, EDWARD; LEITE, VALERIANO

    2016-01-01

    Familial cases of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) may be diagnosed by genetic screening, while in sporadic tumors the diagnosis relies mainly on fine-needle aspiration cytology. The aim of the present study was to determine the demographic, clinical and pathological characteristics of MTC patients followed-up at the Portuguese Institute of Oncology Francisco Gentil (Lisbon, Portugal). For that purpose, a retrospective analysis of 140 MTC patients diagnosed between 1990 and 2010 was performed. The results indicated that patients with hereditary MTC (11.4%) were significantly younger than patients with sporadic MTC. Of the latter, 34.3% had no clinical suspicion of MTC prior to surgery. The sensitivity of cytology and calcitonin (CT) assay in diagnosing MTC were 51.3 and 98.7%, respectively. All familial index cases and 69.0% of sporadic cases presented with advanced stage disease at the time of diagnosis, while 73.0% of familial MTC detected by genetic/pentagastrin screening were diagnosed at the early stage of the disease. Biochemical cure (BC) was achieved in 39.7% of patients and, of these, only 6.5% relapsed. The 5 and 10-year survival rates were 79.3 and 73.6%, respectively. Age >45 years (P=0.026), advanced stage at diagnosis (P<0.001) and absence of BC (P<0.001) were predictors of a worse prognosis on univariate analysis. However, when the patients detected by genetic/pentagastrin screening were excluded from the analysis, age was no longer a prognostic factor, although disease stage remained a significant prognostic factor. On multivariate analysis, BC was the only factor with a significant impact on prognosis (P=0.031). In addition, the present study confirmed that the majority of patients were diagnosed at advanced stages, and CT determination was observed to be more sensitive than cytology to diagnose MTC. Patients at early stages were more prone to achieve BC, which was a favorable prognostic factor. To the best of our knowledge, the present study

  11. Incidence of chronic atrophic gastritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of follow-up studies.

    PubMed

    Adamu, Mariam Abdullahi; Weck, Melanie Nicole; Gao, Lei; Brenner, Hermann

    2010-07-01

    Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is an important precursor lesion of intestinal gastric cancer. As it is typically asymptomatic, epidemiological data on the incidence of CAG are sparse. We aimed to provide an overview of published data on CAG incidence (overall and according to risk factors) from follow-up studies. Articles with information on incidence of CAG published in English until 26th of July 2009 were identified through a systematic MEDLINE and EMBASE search. Data extracted include study characteristics and key findings regarding the incidence of CAG. A meta-analysis was performed on the association between Helicobacter pylori infection and CAG incidence. Overall, data on CAG incidence were available from 14 studies, in 7 studies incidence could be estimated according to H. pylori infection. Most studies were conducted in symptomatic or high risk populations and the maximum number of incident cases was 284. Incidence estimates ranged from 0 to 11% per year and were consistently below 1% in patients not infected with H. pylori. The highest incidence was observed in a special study conducted on ulcer patients treated by proximal gastric vagotomy. Rate ratios for the association between H. pylori infection and CAG incidence ranged from 2.4 to 7.6 with a summary estimate of 5.0 (95% confidence interval: 3.1-8.3). Incidence of CAG is very low in the absence of H. pylori infection. There is a need for more population-based studies to provide comparable estimates of incidence and the impact of risk factors in the development of CAG.

  12. Follow-up treatment effects of contingency management and motivational interviewing on substance use: A meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Sayegh, Caitlin S; Huey, Stanley J; Zara, Erica J; Jhaveri, Kinnari

    2017-06-01

    Motivation is an integral factor in substance use treatment and long-term recovery. However, it is unclear what role intrinsic and extrinsic motivation play across different treatment modalities. A meta-analysis (N = 84) was performed to estimate the pooled effect size of Motivational Interviewing (MI; primarily targeting intrinsic motivation) and contingency management (CM; primarily targeting extrinsic motivation) at different follow-up periods. Collapsed across all substance types, CM had a significant effect at 3-month follow-up, only. In contrast, MI had a significant effect at 6-month follow-up, only. CM had small and medium effects on multiple substances at 3-month follow-up (i.e., tobacco, marijuana, stimulants, polysubstances), but not at 6-month follow-up. MI had 1 significant medium effect at 3-month follow-up (i.e., marijuana), but several significant small effects at 6-month follow-up (i.e., alcohol, tobacco, polysubstances). This meta-analysis suggests that both CM and MI promote reductions in a range of substances, even several months after the intervention concludes. Further, these results provide some evidence that extrinsically focused CM may produce medium follow-up effects in the short run, but intrinsically focused MI may produce small but durable follow-up effects. However, this interpretation is complicated by the differences between the MI and CM studies that preclude statistical tests comparing effect sizes, and few studies assessed motivation itself. Future researchers should investigate how motivational dynamics impact lasting outcomes in substance use treatment. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Reference List Accuracy in Social Work Journals: A Follow-Up Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell-Williams, Missy T.; Skipper, Antonius D.; Alexander, Marvin C.; Wilks, Scott E.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Following up an "Research on Social Work Practice" article published a decade ago, this study aimed to examine reference error rates among five, widely circulated social work journals. Methods: A stratified random sample of references was selected from the year 2013 (N = 500, 100/journal). Each was verified against the original…

  14. Outcomes for bipolar patients assessed in the French expert center network: A 2-year follow-up observational study (FondaMental Advanced Centers of Expertise for Bipolar Disorder [FACE-BD]).

    PubMed

    Henry, Chantal; Godin, Ophelia; Courtet, Philippe; Azorin, Jean-Michel; Gard, Sébastien; Bellivier, Frank; Polosan, Mircea; Kahn, Jean-Pierre; Roux, Paul; Aubin, Valerie; Costagliola, Dominique; Leboyer, Marion; Etain, Bruno

    2017-09-12

    A new health care system for patients with bipolar disorders was established in France under the auspices of Fondation FondaMental, based on thorough clinical assessment of patients and on close collaborations between expert centers and referring practitioners. We report the results of outcomes after 2 years of observational follow-up of adult patients assessed within the network. A total of 984 patients were included in the study. We compared several parameters (e.g., mood episodes and hospitalization) 1 year before inclusion and after 2 years of observational follow-up using the patient as his or her own control. Other outcomes were compared at baseline and during follow-up. We estimated the evolution of these parameters over a period of 2 years using mixed models for continuous parameters and a generalized estimating equation (GEE) model for categorical variables, adjusting for potential confounding factors. Mean age was 42.7 (±12.5) years and 58.8% were women. The number of hospitalization days decreased by 55% when comparing 1 year before inclusion vs the follow-up period. In addition, patients showed a clear functional improvement associated with a reduction of residual mood symptoms, diminished psychiatric comorbidities, improvement of sleep and a better adherence to treatment. This study demonstrates an overall improvement of patients followed for 2 years after an assessment in expert centers for bipolar disorders. This new organization based on a thorough clinical assessment and on personalized recommendations (drug treatments, psycho-social strategies and lifestyle measures) sent to health care professionals, and actively involving patients and families, improves the prognosis of BD patients. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  15. Magnitude of preoperative cervical lordotic compensation and C2-T3 angle are correlated to increased risk of postoperative sagittal spinal pelvic malalignment in adult thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Passias, Peter G; Soroceanu, Alexandra; Scheer, Justin; Yang, Sun; Boniello, Anthony; Smith, Justin S; Protopsaltis, Themistocles; Kim, Han J; Schwab, Frank; Gupta, Munish; Klineberg, Eric; Mundis, Gregory; Lafage, Renaud; Hart, Robert; Shaffrey, Christopher; Lafage, Virginie; Ames, Christopher

    2015-08-01

    Cervical deformity (CD) is prevalent among patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). The effect of baseline cervical alignment on achieving optimal thoracolumbar alignment in ASD surgery is unclear. This study assesses the relationship between preoperative (preop) cervical spinal parameters and global alignment after thoracolumbar ASD surgery at 2-year follow-up. This study is a retrospective review of a multicenter, prospective database. Surgical ASD patients with 2-year follow-up and cervical X-rays were included. The outcome measures were radiographic parameters and self-reported health-related quality-of-life measures (Short-Form 36 [SF-36], Oswestry Disability Index [ODI], and Scoliosis Research Society 22 [SRS-22]). Surgical ASD patients of 18 years and older with scoliosis greater than or equal to 20° and one of the following radiographic parameters were included: sagittal vertical axis (SVA) greater than or equal to 5 cm, pelvic tilt (PT) greater than or equal to 25°, or thoracic kyphosis (TK) greater than 60°. The SRS-Schwab sagittal modifiers (PT, global alignment, and pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis [PI-LL]) were assessed at 2-year postoperatively as either normal ("0") or abnormal ("+" or "++"). Patients were classified in the aligned group (AG) or malaligned group (MG) at 2-year follow-up if all three sagittal modifiers were normal or abnormal, respectively. Patients were assessed for CD based on the following criteria: C2-C7 SVA greater than 4 cm, C2-C7 SVA less than 4 cm, cervical kyphosis (CL greater than 0), cervical lordosis (CL less than 0), any deformity (C2-C7 SVA greater than 4 cm or CL greater than 0), and both CD (C2-C7 SVA greater than 4 cm and CL greater than 0). Univariate testing was performed using t or chi-square test, looking at the following preop parameters: CD, C2-C7 SVA, C2-T3 SVA, CL, T1 slope (T1S), T1S-CL, C2-T3 angle, LL, TK, PT, C7-S1 SVA, and PI-LL. One hundred four patients met the initial inclusion criteria with

  16. Comparison of 3 fusion techniques in the treatment of the degenerative cervical spine disease. Is stand-alone autograft really the "gold standard?": prospective study with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Vanek, Petr; Bradac, Ondrej; DeLacy, Patricia; Saur, Karel; Belsan, Tomas; Benes, Vladimir

    2012-09-01

    A prospective study. The aim of this study was to compare the 3 different methods of interbody fusion of the cervical spine-autograft in stand-alone technique, autograft with anterior plate, and polyetheretherketone cage supported by anterior plate. The clinical and radiological data obtained were analyzed and discussed. Although degenerative cervical spine disease has been treated by an anterior approach for more than 50 years, there is not one generally accepted operative approach. There is a very low-quality evidence of little or no difference in pain relief between each of the techniques. Iliac crest autograft still seems to be the "gold standard" for interbody fusion. Prospective study collecting clinical and radiological data of 81 patients undergoing anterior cervical interbody fusion, in which the interbody fusion of 1 or 2 motion segments from C3 to C7 was done by any of the 3 techniques--stand-alone insertion of autograft (group 1: 28 patients), autograft and anterior plate (group 2: 18 patients), and polyetheretherketone cage filled with beta-tricalcium phosphate and plate (group 3: 29 patients). Patients were followed for 2 years after surgery. Significant interaction of relative height in the segment and time was found (P < 0.001). The values of the relative height of stand-alone autograft dropped below 95% of initial height and the values of the other 2 groups remained above 105%. Significant interaction of time and group was found for Cobb S angles (P < 0.001). Values of group 1 decreased substantially and remained significantly lower than values of other 2 groups. Fusion rate was 100% in all groups. Neck Disability Index group and time interaction was found (P = 0.023). During postoperative follow-up, group 1 scored in all controls higher than the other 2 groups, but differences were not significant. Visual analogue scale showed effect of time (P < 0.001). This was due to a smaller improvement of patients in group 1 during the whole follow-up in

  17. Effectiveness and nephrotoxicity of a 2-year medium dose of cyclosporine in pediatric patients with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome: determination of the need for follow-up kidney biopsy.

    PubMed

    Kuroyanagi, Yoshiyuki; Gotoh, Yoshimitsu; Kasahara, Katsuaki; Nagano, China; Fujita, Naoya; Yamakawa, Satoshi; Yamamoto, Masaki; Takeda, Asami; Uemura, Osamu

    2017-07-11

    High dose of cyclosporine (CyA) for ≥2 years in children with steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) increases the risk for nephropathy. Considering this, risk can be lowered with lower doses of CyA; we evaluated the effects of a medium dose of CyA, with target serum level, C2, of 450 ng/ml, over a 2-year period of observation, to determine the need for follow-up kidney biopsy. We retrospectively evaluated C2 levels in 38 patients (17 males, 5.2 ± 2.9 years old) with SDNS at treatment initiation, at 6, 12 and 18 months during treatment, and at the time of kidney biopsy, 2-year after treatment initiation. Fifteen patients were also treated with mizoribine or mycophenolate mofetil. A number of relapses-per-patient-per-year, relative to SDNS onset and initiation of CyA treatment, were evaluated. Serum levels of total protein, albumin and total cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen level, and the estimated glomerular filtration rate were measured at treatment initiation and at 1- and 2-year post-treatment initiation. Only one very mild case of CyA-associated nephrotoxicity was identified based on biopsy results at 2-year post-treatment initiation. C2 concentrations were maintained at 422.2 ± 133.5 ng/ml and the number of relapses decreased from 3.0 relapses-per-patient-per-year prior to CyA treatment to 0.47 relapses-per-patient-per-year after CyA treatment. No effects of the treatment on the estimated glomerular filtration rate were noted. A 2-year treatment with a medium dose of cyclosporine A with or without other immunosuppressive agents is relatively safe with regard to the development of cyclosporine A nephrotoxicity.

  18. Teachers' Perceptions of Their Jobs: A Multilevel Analysis of the Teacher Follow-Up Survey for 1994-95

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liu, Xiaofeng Steven; Meyer, J. Patrick

    2005-01-01

    This study examined teachers' perceptions of their jobs and teacher turnover through an analysis of data from the National Center for Education Statistics Schools and Staffing Survey and Teacher Follow-Up Survey. Our analysis suggests that student discipline problems were a major reason for teachers' dissatisfaction with their jobs, second only to…

  19. A Follow-Up Meta-Analysis for Word-Problem-Solving Interventions for Students with Mathematics Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Dake; Xin, Yan Ping

    2012-01-01

    Following a meta-analysis study conducted by Y. P. Xin and A. Jitendra (1999), the authors carried out a follow-up meta-analysis of word problem-solving interventions published from 1996 to 2009 for students with learning problems in mathematics. The authors examined the influence of education reforms as moderator variables on intervention…

  20. Sports participation 2 years after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in athletes who had not returned to sport at 1 year: a prospective follow-up of physical function and psychological factors in 122 athletes.

    PubMed

    Ardern, Clare L; Taylor, Nicholas F; Feller, Julian A; Whitehead, Timothy S; Webster, Kate E

    2015-04-01

    A return to their preinjury level of sport is frequently expected within 1 year after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, yet up to two-thirds of athletes may not have achieved this milestone. The subsequent sports participation outcomes of athletes who have not returned to their preinjury level sport by 1 year after surgery have not previously been investigated. To investigate return-to-sport rates at 2 years after surgery in athletes who had not returned to their preinjury level sport at 1 year after ACL reconstruction. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A consecutive cohort of competitive- and recreational-level athletes was recruited prospectively before undergoing ACL reconstruction at a private orthopaedic clinic. Participants were followed up at 1 and 2 years after surgery with a sports activity questionnaire that collected information regarding returning to sport, sports participation, and psychological responses. An independent physical therapist evaluated physical function at 1 year using hop tests and the International Knee Documentation Committee knee examination form and subjective knee evaluation. A group of 122 competitive- and recreational-level athletes who had not returned to their preinjury level sport at 1 year after ACL reconstruction participated. Ninety-one percent of the athletes returned to some form of sport after surgery. At 2 years after surgery, 66% were playing sport, with 41% playing their preinjury level of sport and 25% playing a lower level of sport. Having a previous ACL reconstruction to either knee, poorer hop-test symmetry and subjective knee function, and more negative psychological responses were associated with not playing the preinjury level sport at 2 years. Most athletes who were not playing sport at 1 year had returned to some form of sport within 2 years after ACL reconstruction, which may suggest that athletes can take longer than the clinically expected time of 1 year to return to sport. However, only 2

  1. Survival times in people with dementia: analysis from population based cohort study with 14 year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Objectives To provide estimates of survival after onset of dementia by age, sex, self reported health, disability, and severity of cognitive impairment. Design Analysis of participants from prospective population based cohort study in 1991-2003, with follow-up of dementia status in all individuals after two and six years (in one centre) and 10 years and in subsamples additionally at six and eight years and mortality until 2005. Setting Multicentre population based study in England and Wales: two rural and three urban centres. Participants 438 participants who developed dementia from a population based study of 13 004 individuals aged 65 years and over drawn from primary care population registers. Main outcome measures Sociodemographic factors, cognitive function, specific health conditions, and self reported health collected at each interview. Cox’s proportional hazards regression models were used to identify predictors of mortality from the selected variables in people who received diagnosis of dementia according the study’s criteria. Results By December 2005, 356 of the 438 (81%) participants who developed dementia during the study had died. Estimated median survival time from onset of dementia to death was 4.1 years (interquartile range 2.5-7.6) for men and 4.6 years (2.9-7.0) for women. There was a difference of nearly seven years in survival between the younger old and the oldest people with dementia: 10.7 (25th centile 5.6) for ages 65-69; 5.4 (interquartile range 3.4-8.3) for ages 70-79; 4.3 (2.8-7.0) for ages 80-89, and 3.8 (2.3-5.2) years for ages ≥90. Significant factors that predicted mortality in the presence of dementia during the follow-up included sex, age of onset, and disability. Conclusion These analyses give a population based estimated median survival for incident dementia of 4.5 years. Such estimates can be used for prognosis and planning for patients, carers, service providers, and policy makers. PMID:18187696

  2. Risperidone long-acting injectable in the treatment of treatment-resistant schizophrenia with dopamine supersensitivity psychosis: Results of a 2-year prospective study, including an additional 1-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Kimura, Hiroshi; Kanahara, Nobuhisa; Sasaki, Tsuyoshi; Komatsu, Naoya; Ishige, Minoru; Muneoka, Katsumasa; Ino, Hidetoshi; Yoshimura, Kazuyuki; Yamanaka, Hiroshi; Suzuki, Tomotaka; Komatsu, Hideki; Watanabe, Hiroyuki; Shimizu, Eiji; Iyo, Masaomi

    2016-08-01

    Dopamine supersensitivity psychosis (DSP) resulting from antipsychotic treatment is related to treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS), and its treatment has not been established to date. Maintaining thoroughly stable occupancy of the dopamine D2 receptor by risperidone long-acting injectable (RLAI) is one strategy for treatment. In this study, RLAI was given as an adjunctive medication to oral antipsychotic(s), which were switched partially and gradually to RLAI in 108 treatment-resistant patients for an additional 1-year follow-up in a 2-year study, and to compare the effects in 72 patients with a DSP history (DSP group) and 36 patients without this history (NonDSP group). Although both groups showed significant improvements in the total Brief Psychotic Rating Scale (BPRS) score during the follow-up period, greater improvement was observed for the DSP group than the NonDSP group. High doses (> 850 mg chlorpromazine-dose combined of oral antipsychotics and RLAI) did not significantly change in both groups throughout the study period; however, extrapyramidal symptoms, including tardive dyskinesia, were significantly improved only in the patients with DSP. This study strongly suggested that the RLAI treatment, even with only partial switching, provides relief from refractory symptoms, particularly for patients with a history of DSP. http://www.umin.ac.jp/:UMIN000008487. © The Author(s) 2016.

  3. Prevention of incisional hernia with prophylactic onlay and sublay mesh reinforcement versus primary suture only in midline laparotomies (PRIMA): 2-year follow-up of a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Jairam, An P; Timmermans, Lucas; Eker, Hasan H; Pierik, Robert E G J M; van Klaveren, David; Steyerberg, Ewout W; Timman, Reinier; van der Ham, Arie C; Dawson, Imro; Charbon, Jan A; Schuhmacher, Christoph; Mihaljevic, André; Izbicki, Jakob R; Fikatas, Panagiotis; Knebel, Philip; Fortelny, René H; Kleinrensink, Gert-Jan; Lange, Johan F; Jeekel, Hans J

    2017-08-05

    Incisional hernia is a frequent long-term complication after abdominal surgery, with a prevalence greater than 30% in high-risk groups. The aim of the PRIMA trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of mesh reinforcement in high-risk patients, to prevent incisional hernia. We did a multicentre, double-blind, randomised controlled trial at 11 hospitals in Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands. We included patients aged 18 years or older who were undergoing elective midline laparotomy and had either an abdominal aortic aneurysm or a body-mass index (BMI) of 27 kg/m(2) or higher. We randomly assigned participants using a computer-generated randomisation sequence to one of three treatment groups: primary suture; onlay mesh reinforcement; or sublay mesh reinforcement. The primary endpoint was incidence of incisional hernia during 2 years of follow-up, analysed by intention to treat. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were estimated by logistic regression. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00761475. Between March, 2009, and December, 2012, 498 patients were enrolled to the study, of whom 18 were excluded before randomisation. Therefore, we included 480 patients in the primary analysis: 107 were assigned primary suture only, 188 were allocated onlay mesh reinforcement, and 185 were assigned sublay mesh reinforcement. 92 patients were identified with an incisional hernia, 33 (30%) who were allocated primary suture only, 25 (13%) who were assigned onlay mesh reinforcement, and 34 (18%) who were assigned sublay mesh reinforcement (onlay mesh reinforcement vs primary suture, OR 0·37, 95% CI 0·20-0·69; p=0·0016; sublay mesh reinforcement vs primary suture, 0·55, 0·30-1·00; p=0·05). Seromas were more frequent in patients allocated onlay mesh reinforcement (34 of 188) than in those assigned primary suture (five of 107; p=0·002) or sublay mesh reinforcement (13 of 185; p=0·002). The incidence of wound infection did not differ between treatment groups (14

  4. [A seven-year follow-up analysis on prognosis factors of stroke patients].

    PubMed

    Li, Hai-xin; Wang, Pei-shan; Tian, Gui-ling; Xu, Wei-li; Liu, Dong; Wu, Jing

    2005-09-01

    To describe survival conditions of patients with stroke and to analyze the factors associated with survival, a seven-year follow-up study was carried out. From Nov. 1995 to Dec. 1996, 189 stroke patients were selected in the Department of Neurology, General Hospital, Tianjin Medical University. Cases were followed up since the onset of stroke. Data collected would include case history, illness and survival conditions. Kaplan-Meier methods were used for survival description. Cox regression was used for prognostic factors analyses. A total number of 82 patients had been dead during the period of study and among them,58 cases died from stroke. The survival rate was 79.86% in one year, 65.46% in three years and 57.46% in seven years. Factors with statistical significance that associated with survival would include: age (RR = 1.065, P < 0.001), physical exercises before stroke (RR = 0.308, P<0.001), hypertension history (RR = 1.785, P < 0.05) and stroke history (RR =2.493, P < 0.001) while factors associated with severity of the illness were: area of cerebral lesion, conditions when discharged from the hospital, rehabilitative treatment of post-discharge and recurrence. We also found that social-psychical factors as rehabilitative confidence, repression, negative event, support from relatives and friends were related to survival of stroke. Histories on hypertension, stroke and brain injury condition were related to the rate survival on stroke. Patients persisting physical exercises before stroke had better prognosis. The survival rate of patients with recurrence was lower than those without while social psychic factors might be related to survival.

  5. Role of Routine Follow-up Coronary Angiography After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention - Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    PubMed

    Misumida, Naoki; Kobayashi, Akihiro; Kim, Sun Moon; Abdel-Latif, Ahmed; Ziada, Khaled M

    2017-07-29

    Prior studies have shown that routine follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) increases the incidence of revascularization without a clear reduction in major adverse clinical events. However, none of these prior studies were adequately powered to evaluate hard clinical endpoints such as myocardial infarction (MI) or death and thus the clinical utility of such practice remains to be determined.Methods and Results:We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials that compared clinical outcomes after PCI between patients who underwent routine follow-up CAG and those who only had clinical follow-up. Five randomized trials, totaling 4,584 patients met our inclusion criteria, including studies that used sub-randomization and ones that assigned consecutive patients per study protocol. Our results showed that routine follow-up CAG was associated with a lower rate of MI (odds ratio [OR] 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.46-0.91; P=0.01) without reduction in all-cause mortality (OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.59-1.28; P=0.48), and a higher rate of target lesion revascularization (OR 1.73; 95% CI 1.42-2.11; P<0.001). Our meta-analysis demonstrated that routine follow-up CAG after PCI was associated with a higher rate of revascularization, but also with a reduction in the rate of subsequent MI. Further studies investigating the potential role of routine follow-up angiography may be warranted.

  6. Analysis of U.S. Government Printing Office Documents Depository Survey Items. Follow-Up Study Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Tae Moon

    A follow-up study to a February 1978 report concerning the inadequate annotations on depository survey item cards issued by the Superintendent of Documents of the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), this report presents an analysis of 65 new survey items received by each of six selective depository libraries for the 3-month period, March…

  7. Volumetric growth analysis of an insular dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor over a 10-year follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Uno, Takehiro; Kinoshita, Masashi; Furuta, Takuya; Miyashita, Katsuyoshi; Sabit, Hemragul; Nakada, Mitsutoshi

    2016-01-01

    Background: Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) are benign tumors characterized by a cortical location; they result in symptoms of drug-resistant partial seizures in children. The development of DNETs is poorly understood because most of them are resected immediately upon diagnosis without any observation period owing to the intractable seizures. Case Description: We report the first DNET case with the growth rate analyzed in the natural course of development for a period of 10 years. The patient was a right-handed man who was initially referred to another hospital with mild head injury when he was 8 years old. A tumor located in the right insular cortex was incidentally detected on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and followed-up with annual MRI for 10 years. Conclusion: In this case, the volume of the DNET increased in direct proportion to the length of time in its clinical course. The tumor doubling time was approximately 10 years. This case suggests DNET is a slow-growing but not stable tumor. PMID:28194304

  8. Importance of Follow-Up Cerebrospinal Fluid Analysis in Cryptococcal Meningoencephalitis

    PubMed Central

    Schwenkenbecher, Philipp; Stoll, Matthias; Conzen, Josef; Bolat, Seza; Vonberg, Ralf-Peter; Wurster, Ulrich; Trebst, Corinna

    2014-01-01

    Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis represents a serious infection of the central nervous system, where reliable prognostic factors during the disease course are needed. Twenty-one patients diagnosed with cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in a German university hospital from 1999 to 2013 were analysed retrospectively. CSF parameters were analysed prior to therapy and during antifungal treatment and were compared between patients who survived or deceased. Fifteen patients clinically improved after antifungal therapy, while six patients died. No differences were observed between the outcome groups for the CSF parameters cell count, lactate, total protein, and CSF-serum albumin quotients (QAlb). Follow-up examinations of serum cryptococcal antigen titer and CSF cell count have shown that these parameters cannot be used to monitor the efficacy of antifungal therapy as well. In contrast, the course of QAlb during therapy was indicative for the outcome as a possible prognostic marker. In patients with clinical improvement QAlb values were falling under therapy, while rising QAlb values were found in patients with fatal outcome indicating a continuing dysfunction of the blood-CSF barrier. In conclusion, our results indicate that, among the various CSF parameters, the course of QAlb presents a promising marker that might be used to monitor the efficacy of antifungal therapy. PMID:25374433

  9. [Graphic analysis of topographic trends in perimetry follow-up of glaucoma].

    PubMed

    Weber, J; Krieglstein, G K; Papoulis, C

    1989-11-01

    GATT is a new, graphic method of showing the development of visual fields in glaucoma and other diseases. The grayscale maps of a series of two or four fields are superimposed with a simple logic, producing the following pattern: all stable areas are displayed in the usual way, thus giving defects a typical appearance. Changed areas appear as stripes, alternately showing the grayscale of the two fields. The orientation of the stripes is vertical in zones of improvement and horizontal in areas of deterioration. The level of contrast indicates the amount of change. The authors examined the development of the visual fields in 30 glaucomatous eyes. With the help of GATT it was established that areas of change were close to existing defects. Second, most of the changes were at the periphery. GATT is not only proving to be a method for perimetric follow-up in glaucoma cases that furnishes much useful information, but is also raising hopes of new findings concerning the course of glaucoma.

  10. Appropriate Cement Volume in Vertebroplasty: A Multivariate Analysis with Short-Term Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Kwon, Hyun Mook; Lee, Sang Pyung; Baek, Jin Wook

    2016-01-01

    Objective The optimal threshold of the infusion volume of cement has been a continuous subject in percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). This study verifies a causal relationship between the cement volume and the clinical outcome, and suggests the parameters of the appropriate volume of cement in PVP. Methods This is a retrospective study. One hundred nine patients, who underwent PVP between 2012 and 2015, were included in the study. Various factors such as patients' fracture levels, fracture types, fracture body volumes, fracture rates, bone mineral densities, and infused cement volumes were analyzed. Cement infusion ratios were calculated, using total amount of infused cement and fractured body volume. Follow up was done after one-week, one-month and three-months, postoperatively. Changes in the middle body height and the cement leakage levels were monitored and clinical outcomes were evaluated using a visual analogue scale. Results Among the variables, the infusion ratio (r=-0.320, p=0.003, Pearson's correlation) was the only index that showed a significant cause and effect relationship with favorable clinical outcome, except the group with a T-score of higher than -2.5, and the group with a upper thoracic vertebral level. The patients with a cement infusion ratio of 27.8% or more of the fractured body volume had favorable results. Conclusion This study showed that high cement infusion ratio revealed favorable outcome in the vertebroplasty of the osteoporotic compression fractures. Infusion ratio of more than 27.8% to osteoporotic compressed vertebrae is optimal for rapid recovery after PVP. PMID:27857921

  11. [Quality assurance with administrative data (QSR): follow-up in quality measurement - an analysis of patient records].

    PubMed

    Jeschke, Elke; Günster, Christian; Klauber, Jürgen

    2015-01-01

    The present study analyses the information gain obtained by evaluating adverse events during follow-up compared to the sole analysis of events during the initial hospital stay for quality measurement purposes. The analysis is based on AOK administrative data from the years 2010 to 2012. The analyses were carried out for 10 quality indicators from the 4 QSR sectors knee replacement for osteoarthritis, appendectomy, prostate surgery for benign prostatic syndrome (BPS) and therapeutic cardiac catheterization (PCI) in patients with myocardial infarction. A total of 409,774 AOK cases were included. For almost all indicators considered, a relevant share of complications can be found to have occurred only after discharge from the initial hospitalization (7.7 %-92.6 %). Furthermore, there is only a weak connection between the findings from the first hospitalization and those from the follow-up period (0.0449 < r < 0.1935). 26-66 % of the hospitals will be classified differently based on Standardized Mortality/Morbidity Ratio (SMR) quartiles if follow-up events are included in the quality assessment (with the exception of "Other Complications after PCI" of 14 %). In summary, quality assessment is improved considerably by evaluating the follow-up period for almost all indicators considered. A quality measurement based solely on events in the initial hospital stay obscures relevant adverse events that have an impact on a comparative hospital quality assessment for these indicators.

  12. Do Ligamentum Teres Tears Portend Inferior Outcomes in Patients With Borderline Dysplasia Undergoing Hip Arthroscopic Surgery? A Match-Controlled Study With a Minimum 2-Year Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Chaharbakhshi, Edwin O; Perets, Itay; Ashberg, Lyall; Mu, Brian; Lenkeit, Christopher; Domb, Benjamin G

    2017-09-01

    Arthroscopic surgery in borderline dysplastic hips remains controversial, but the role of the ligamentum teres (LT) has not been studied in this setting. Borderline dysplastic patients with LT tears have worse short-term outcomes than those without LT tears. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. Data were prospectively collected on patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery between February 2008 and April 2014. The inclusion criteria were borderline dysplasia (lateral center-edge angle [LCEA], 18°-25°) and labral tears; arthroscopic treatments including labral preservation and capsular plication; and preoperative patient-reported outcome scores including the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Non-Arthritic Hip Score (NAHS), Hip Outcome Score-Sport-Specific Subscale, and visual analog scale for pain. Patients were excluded for preoperative Tönnis osteoarthritis grade >0, workers' compensation claims, previous ipsilateral hip surgery and conditions, or frank dysplasia (LCEA <18°). Patients with LT tears were pair-matched to patients without tears for sex, age at surgery ±10 years, body mass index (<30 kg/m(2) vs ≥30 kg/m(2)), labral treatment type, and microfracture. Of 68 eligible patients, 63 (93%) had a minimum 2-year follow-up, and 30 (48%) had LT tears. Twenty patients in each group were pair-matched. The mean follow-up time was 54.3 months (range, 24.2-83.8 months) for the LT tear group and 38.6 months (range, 24.6-70.6 months) for the control group ( P = .002). Ninety percent were female. There were no significant differences regarding demographics or intra-operative procedures. The LT tear group trended toward lower postoperative mHHS ( P = .09) and NAHS ( P = .09) values. Mean satisfaction was 8.1 for the LT tear group and 7.9 for the control group. Preoperative and follow-up scores were not significantly different between the groups. The LT tear group had 5 revisions, with 1 revision in the control group. Three patients (15%) in the LT tear group

  13. Thirty-two-year follow-up study of Herbst therapy: a biometric dental cast analysis.

    PubMed

    Pancherz, Hans; Bjerklin, Krister; Lindskog-Stokland, Birgitta; Hansen, Ken

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the very long-term effects of Herbst treatment on tooth position and occlusion. Fourteen patients from a sample of 22 with Class II Division 1 malocclusions consecutively treated with the banded Herbst appliance were reexamined 32 years after therapy. Dental casts were analyzed from before (T1) and after (T2) treatment, and at 6 years (T3) and 32 years (T4) after treatment. Minor changes in maxillary and mandibular dental arch perimeters and arch widths were seen during treatment (T1-T2) and posttreatment (T2-T4). Mandibular incisor irregularity remained, on average, unchanged from T1 to T2 but increased continuously during the 32-year follow-up period (T2-T4). Class II molar and canine relationships were normalized in most patients from T1 to T2. During the early posttreatment period (T2-T3), there was a minor relapse; during the late posttreatment period (T3-T4), molar and canine relationships remained, on average, unchanged. Overjet and overbite were reduced to normal values in all subjects during treatment (T1-T2). After treatment (T2-T4), overjet remained, on average, unchanged, but overbite increased insignificantly. Thirty-two years after Herbst therapy, overall, acceptable long-term results were seen. Stability was found in 64% of the patients for sagittal molar relationships, in 14% for sagittal canine relationships, in 86% for overjet, and in 86% for overbite. A Class II relapse seemed to be caused by an unstable interdigitation of the occluding teeth, a persisting oral habit, or an insufficient retention regimen after treatment. Most posttreatment changes occurred during the first 6 years after treatment. After the age of 20 years, only minor changes were noted. Long-term posttreatment changes in maxillary and mandibular dental arch perimeters and widths as well as in mandibular incisor irregularity seemed to be independent of treatment and a result of physiologic dentoskeletal changes throughout adulthood. Copyright

  14. A gender-dependent analysis of Cushing's disease in childhood: pre- and postoperative follow-up.

    PubMed

    Libuit, Laura G; Karageorgiadis, Alexander S; Sinaii, Ninet; Nguyen May, Nina M; Keil, Margaret F; Lodish, Maya B; Stratakis, Constantine A

    2015-07-01

    To analyse gender differences in the clinical presentation and recovery of paediatric patients with Cushing's disease (CD) after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS). Indeed, gender differences between paediatric patients with CD during presentation, after TSS and postoperative recovery have not been adequately studied. Data were obtained and retrospectively analysed from clinical reports and biochemical tests at the time of presentation, 5-9 days after TSS and at the 6 and 12 months postoperative follow-up visits to determine hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) recovery. Data from 102 paediatric patients (48 females, 54 males, mean age 12.9 ± 3.0) with CD who underwent TSS at the National Institute of Health (NIH) Clinical Center between 1997 and 2011. There was equal distribution of paediatric CD between males and females (53% vs 47%; n = 102, P = 0.484). Males were more likely than females to present with higher mean BMI Z-scores (2.2 ± 0.7 vs 1.9 ± 0.6, P = 0.0079), lower mean height Z-scores (-1.2 ± 1.3 vs -0.7 ± 1.1, P = 0.0467) and higher median plasma ACTH (12.2 vs 8.5 pmol/l; P = 0.0495). Females did not present more frequently with any single sign or symptom. No significant differences were found between males and females for CD cure rates 5-9 days after TSS (87.0% males vs 87.5% females, P = 1.0), long-term cure rates (86.5% vs 93.7%; n = 69; P = 0.4374) and HPAA recovery time (11.2 ± 2.5 vs 11.7 ± 2.5 months; n = 47; P = 0.1992). Paediatric CD is found to have equal distribution between males and females, but male patients present with elevated BMI and potentially shorter height and higher plasma ACTH. There is no significant difference in the cure rate or HPAA recovery time after TSS between males and females. Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  15. Clinical and radiological evaluation of Trabecular Metal and the Smith-Robinson technique in anterior cervical fusion for degenerative disease: a prospective, randomized, controlled study with 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Löfgren, Håkan; Engquist, M; Hoffmann, P; Sigstedt, B; Vavruch, L

    2010-03-01

    A prospective, randomized, controlled study was carried out to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) with Trabecular Metal (TM) to the traditional Smith-Robinson (SR) procedure with autograft. The clinical results of cervical fusion with autograft from the iliac crest are typically satisfactory, but implications from the donor site are frequently reported. Alternative materials for cervical body interfusion have shown lower fusion rates. Trabecular Metal is a porous tantalum biomaterial with structure and mechanical properties similar to that of trabecular bone and with proven osteoconductivity. As much as 80 consecutive patients planned for ACDF were randomized for fusion with either TM or tricortical autograft from the iliac crest (SR) after discectomy and decompression. Digitized plain radiographic images of 78 (98%) patients were obtained preoperatively and at 2-year follow-up and were subsequently evaluated by two senior radiologists. Fusion/non-fusion was classified by visual evaluation of the A-P and lateral views in forced flexion/extension of the cervical spine and by measuring the mobility between the fused vertebrae. MRI of 20 TM cases at 2 years was successfully used to assess the decompression of the neural structures, but was not helpful in determining fusion/non-fusion. Pain intensity in the neck, arms and pelvis/hip were rated by patients on a visual analog scale (VAS) and neck function was rated using the Neck Disability Index (NDI) the day before surgery and 4, 12 and 24 months postoperatively. Follow-ups at 12 and 24 months were performed by an unbiased observer, when patients also assessed their global outcome. Fusion rate in the SR group was 92%, and in the TM group 69% (P < 0.05). The accuracy of the measurements was calculated to be 2.4 degrees . Operating time was shorter for fusion with TM compared with autograft; mean times were 100 min (SD 18) and 123 min (SD 23

  16. Effectiveness and Persistence with Liraglutide Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes in Routine Clinical Practice--EVIDENCE: A Prospective, 2-Year Follow-Up, Observational, Post-Marketing Study.

    PubMed

    Gautier, Jean-Francois; Martinez, Luc; Penfornis, Alfred; Eschwège, Eveline; Charpentier, Guillaume; Huret, Benoît; Madani, Suliya; Gourdy, Pierre

    2015-09-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether the efficacy of liraglutide observed in randomized controlled trials translates into therapeutic benefits in the French population during routine clinical practice. This observational, prospective, multicenter study included 3152 adults with type 2 diabetes who had recently started or were about to start liraglutide treatment. During 2 years of follow-up, an evaluation of the reasons for prescribing liraglutide, maintenance dose of liraglutide, changes in combined antidiabetic treatments, level of glycemic control, change in body weight and body mass index (BMI), patient satisfaction with diabetes treatment and safety of liraglutide were investigated. The primary study endpoint was the proportion of patients still receiving liraglutide and presenting with HbA1c <7.0% after 2 years of follow-up. At the end of the study, 29.5% of patients maintained liraglutide treatment and reached the HbA(1c) target. Mean (±SD) HbA(1c), fasting plasma glucose concentration, body weight and BMI were significantly reduced from baseline [8.46% (±1.46) to 7.44% (±1.20); 180 (±60) to 146 (±44) mg/dL; 95.2 (±20.0) to 91.1 (±19.6) kg; 34.0 (±7.2) to 32.5 (±6.9) kg/m(2); respectively, all P < 0.0001]. Patient treatment satisfaction increased, with the mean diabetes treatment satisfaction questionnaire status version score increasing from 22.17 (±7.64) to 28.55 (±5.79), P < 0.0001. The main adverse event type was gastrointestinal, with a frequency of 10.9%, and the percentage of patients suffering ≥1 hypoglycemic episode decreased from 6.9% to 4.4%. The results of the EVIDENCE study suggest that the effectiveness of liraglutide in real-world clinical practice is similar to that observed in randomized controlled trials. Novo Nordisk A/S. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT01226966.

  17. Immediate loading with LASER-treated surface implant: two-year resonance frequency analysis follow-up.

    PubMed

    Duvina, Marco; Barbato, Luigi; Buti, Jacopo; Delle Rose, Giovanna; Brancato, Leila; Casella, Giuseppe; Longoni, Salvatore; Sartori, Matteo; Amunni, Franco; Tonelli, Paolo

    2013-05-01

    The chemical, physical, and morphologic characteristics of the implant surface play a fundamental role during the osteointegration process. Implant design is of paramount importance in determining implant primary stability and implant ability to sustain loading during and after osteointegration. LASER treatment of the surface allows defining the precise parameters of roughness to obtain a regular and repeatable surface in total absence of contamination. The aim of this study was to analyze the behavior of implant stability of LASER-treated surface implants by repeated resonance frequency analysis (RFA) measurements during 2 years in patients with complete upper maxilla edentulism subject to an immediate-loading protocol. Ten patients were included, and each treated with the insertion of 6 or 8 LASER surface implants according to the individual surgical-prosthetic planning. During the bone drilling and implant insertion, torque values were monitored with a specific handpiece and software. All implants were loaded within 24 hours from the insertion with the application of a temporary full-arch prosthesis. Subsequent follow-up has been done at 24 months from the loading with radiographic controls (OPT) and RFA measurement on all implants at time of implant insertion and at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months from loading. Resonance frequency analyses at 3 and 6 months from the implant loading have shown a rapid increment of implant stability quotient (ISQ) values in the first phases of bone remodeling, subsequent to the peri-implant bone remodeling. The paired comparisons between mean ISQ values by patient showed a statistically significant decrease in primary stability from baseline up to 1 month (P = 0.0039). Subsequent measurements revealed a statistically significant increase in implant stability from 1 up to 3 months (P = 0.0156), from 3 up to 6 months (P = 0.0020), from 6 up to 12 months (P = 0.020), and 12 up to 24 months (P = 0.0391). Resonance frequency analysis of

  18. A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

    2012-01-01

    An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

  19. A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

    2012-01-01

    An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

  20. [The importance of the follow-up in patients operated on for breast cancer. A retrospective analysis of 2482 cases].

    PubMed

    Krengli, M; Pastore, G; Maffei, S

    1993-01-01

    The aim of the follow-up in breast cancer patients is the early detection of recurrences and the diagnosis of second tumours to improve the survival rate and/or the life quality of patients. In this study we analyze retrospectively 2482 cases, treated in the period 1964-1988; all patients underwent surgery: mastectomy in 1979 cases and conservative surgery in 503 cases. The follow-up was performed by clinical and radiological (chest X-ray, bone scintigraphic scanning, echotomography of the liver and mammography) examinations every 3-4 months in the first and second year, every 6 months for 5 years and then every year. The duration of the observation time ranges from 42 to 330 months (median 172). Relapses were detected in 928 cases (37.4%): 289 loco-regional recurrences (11.6%) and 639 distant metastases (25.8%). The 62.1% and the 92.5% of the failures appeared after 3 years and 10 years follow-up respectively. Local recurrences were observed in 14.1% of all relapses after mastectomy and in 9.3% after conservative surgery. 36.3% and 88.1% of the local failures appeared after 2 years and 5 years follow-up respectively. Regional lymph nodal recurrence occurred in 14.2% of all relapses: 1.6% in the axilla, 9.8% in the supraclavicular region, 2.8% in the mediastinal nodes. Distant metastases were observed in 68.9% of all relapses: 31.3% in the bone, 17.6% in the lung and 8.1% in the liver. An increase of the serum markers (CEA, TPA, CA 15-3) appeared 2-10 months before other clinical or radiological signs of disease; CA 15-3 showed the best predictive positive value. Metachronous tumours in the contralateral breast were detected in 103 cases (4.1%), all staged as T1-T2. The modalities of diagnosis of the relapses were studied in 350 patients. In these cases 76% of recurrences were detected by history (62%) and physical examination (14%), 10% by chest X-ray, 12% by bone scan and 2% by liver echotomography. 36% of relapsed patients were asymptomatic and the mean

  1. Breast and ovarian cancer screening of non-carriers from BRCA1/2 mutation-positive families: 2-year follow-up of cohorts from France and Quebec

    PubMed Central

    Dorval, Michel; Noguès, Catherine; Berthet, Pascaline; Chiquette, Jocelyne; Gauthier-Villars, Marion; Lasset, Christine; Picard, Claude; Plante, Marie; Simard, Jacques; Julian-Reynier, Claire

    2011-01-01

    We described and compared breast and ovarian screening practices in the 2-year period following test result disclosure in female non-carriers from BRCA1/2 mutation-positive families living in two countries, France and Quebec, Canada, which provide universal health care. Four hundred and two (France n=293; Quebec n=109) unaffected female non-carriers from BRCA-proven mutation families provided information about the uptake of mammography, clinical breast examination, breast self-examination, and ovarian ultrasounds using self-administered questionnaires. The frequency of screening practices between study cohorts were compared using logistic regression. Annual mammography was conducted in 23 and 43% of French and Quebecer women participants <50 years of age, respectively (adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=2.72; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08–6.81). In women ≥50 years of age, mammography was conducted in 49 and 65% of French and Quebecer participants (aOR=1.77; 95% CI, 0.07–4.51). Overall, 33% of French women and 39% of Quebecer women underwent at least one ovarian ultrasound during the 2-year period following BRCA1/2 test result with no significant difference between cohorts of women <50 years of age. Among older women, Quebecers reported more frequently than French women that they had undergone ultrasound once (aOR=3.00; 95% CI, 1.02–8.83). The frequency of cancer screening practices for female non-carriers from BRCA1/2 mutation-positive families in both France and Quebec exceeded those recommended for similarly aged women in the general population. Our findings highlight the need for clearcut recommendations on the follow-up of women from BRCA1/2 families who are not themselves carriers of a BRCA1/2 mutation. PMID:21248744

  2. Recurrence rate of superficial basal cell carcinoma following successful treatment with imiquimod 5% cream: interim 2-year results from an ongoing 5-year follow-up study in Europe.

    PubMed

    Gollnick, Harald; Barona, Carlos Guillén; Frank, Ronald G J; Ruzicka, Thomas; Megahed, Mosaad; Tebbs, Veronica; Owens, Mary; Stampone, Patti

    2005-01-01

    Imiquimod is an immune response modifier that acts through Toll-like receptor 7 to induce innate and cell-mediated immune responses. This ongoing phase III, open-label study conducted in Europe is evaluating the long-term (5 year) clinical efficacy and safety of imiquimod 5% cream applied once daily 5 times per week (5 x/week) for 6 weeks for the treatment of superficial basal cell carcinoma (sBCC). A total of 182 subjects were enrolled. The initial sBCC clearance rate was 90% (12-week post treatment), whereas the proportion of subjects who were clinically clear at 2 years (current time point) was estimated to be 79.4%. Local skin/application site reactions were the most frequently reported safety findings. Initial efficacy rates of imiquimod applied 5 x/week for 6 weeks demonstrate its clinical utility as an alternative approach to the treatment of sBCC. The recurrence rate seen to date supports ongoing follow up of subjects treated with imiquimod.

  3. Computer-Guided Implant Surgery in Fresh Extraction Sockets and Immediate Loading of a Full Arch Restoration: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study of 14 Consecutively Treated Patients

    PubMed Central

    Daas, M.; Assaf, A.; Dada, K.; Makzoumé, J.

    2015-01-01

    Statement of Problem. Low scientific evidence is identified in the literature for combining implant placement in fresh extraction sockets with immediate function. Moreover, the few studies available on immediate implants in postextraction sites supporting immediate full-arch rehabilitation clearly lack comprehensive protocols. Purpose. The purpose of this study is to report outcomes of a comprehensive protocol using CAD-CAM technology for surgical planning and fabrication of a surgical template and to demonstrate that immediate function can be easily performed with immediate implants in postextraction sites supporting full-arch rehabilitation. Material and Methods. 14 subjects were consecutively rehabilitated (13 maxillae and 1 mandible) with 99 implants supporting full-arch fixed prostheses followed between 6 and 24 months (mean of 16 months). Outcome measures were prosthesis and implant success, biologic and prosthetic complications, pain, oedema evaluation, and radiographic marginal bone levels at surgery and then at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics. Results. The overall cumulative implant survival rate at mean follow-up time of 16 months was 97.97%. The average marginal bone loss was 0,9 mm. Conclusions. Within the limitations of this study, the results validate this treatment modality for full-arch rehabilitations with predictable outcomes and high survival rate after 2 years. PMID:26064119

  4. Longitudinal 2-year follow-up on the effect of a non-randomised school-based physical activity intervention on reducing overweight and obesity of Czech children aged 10-12 years.

    PubMed

    Sigmund, Erik; Sigmundová, Dagmar

    2013-08-16

    This study assessed whether the benefits of a 2-year longitudinal non-randomised school-based physical activity (PA) intervention programme to reduce overweight and obesity were still apparent two years after completion of the controlled intervention. The study involved 84 girls (G) and 92 boys (B) aged 10-12 years who had participated in the PA intervention in 2006-2008 as 6- to 9-year olds and were included in the intervention (I) (43 G and 45 B) and the control (C) groups (41 G and 47 B). Participants' overweight/obesity was assessed using the percentile graph of Body Mass Index (BMI) from the World Health Organization for girls and boys aged 5-19. Logistic regression (Enter method) determined the overweight/obesity occurrence in a follow-up measurement (2010) two years after completion of the controlled intervention was used. Two years after the controlled PA intervention had finished, the intervention children were less likely to be overweight/obese than the control children (2.3%GI vs. 17.1%GC, 6.7%BI vs. 23.4%BC, odds ratio: 0.25; 95% confidence interval: 0.12; 0.53; p < 0.001). The current study indicates favourable effects of an everyday school-based PA intervention programme on lower overweight/obesity incidence, which was maintained two years after the end of the direct involvement of the researchers.

  5. Longitudinal 2-Year Follow-up on the Effect of a Non-Randomised School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Reducing Overweight and Obesity of Czech Children Aged 10–12 Years

    PubMed Central

    Sigmund, Erik; Sigmundová, Dagmar

    2013-01-01

    Background: This study assessed whether the benefits of a 2-year longitudinal non-randomised school-based physical activity (PA) intervention programme to reduce overweight and obesity were still apparent two years after completion of the controlled intervention. Methods: The study involved 84 girls (G) and 92 boys (B) aged 10–12 years who had participated in the PA intervention in 2006–2008 as 6- to 9-year olds and were included in the intervention (I) (43 G and 45 B) and the control (C) groups (41 G and 47 B). Participants’ overweight/obesity was assessed using the percentile graph of Body Mass Index (BMI) from the World Health Organization for girls and boys aged 5–19. Logistic regression (Enter method) determined the overweight/obesity occurrence in a follow-up measurement (2010) two years after completion of the controlled intervention was used. Results: Two years after the controlled PA intervention had finished, the intervention children were less likely to be overweight/obese than the control children (2.3%GI vs. 17.1%GC, 6.7%BI vs. 23.4%BC, odds ratio: 0.25; 95% confidence interval: 0.12; 0.53; p < 0.001). Conclusions: The current study indicates favourable effects of an everyday school-based PA intervention programme on lower overweight/obesity incidence, which was maintained two years after the end of the direct involvement of the researchers. PMID:23959084

  6. Great big meta-analysis of everything: follow-up complete and known, the ultimate paean.

    PubMed

    Gabb, Genevieve M

    2017-06-01

    Historically, selected patients or populations have been at the centre of meta-analysis, with consideration of a particular patient, or population group as central to defining the question addressed. More recently, meta-analysis with studies included based on the intervention provided have been published. This paper explores the implications of extending this methodology beyond selected interventions for limited periods of time. © 2017 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.

  7. The Role of Depressive Symptoms, Family Invalidation and Behavioral Impulsivity in the Occurrence and Repetition of Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Chinese Adolescents: A 2-Year Follow-Up Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    You, Jianing; Leung, Freedom

    2012-01-01

    This study used zero-inflated poisson regression analysis to examine the role of depressive symptoms, family invalidation, and behavioral impulsivity in the occurrence and repetition of non-suicidal self-injury among Chinese community adolescents over a 2-year period. Participants, 4782 high school students, were assessed twice during the…

  8. Partial and complete trisomy 14 mosaicism: clinical follow-up, cytogenetic and molecular analysis.

    PubMed

    Salas-Labadía, Consuelo; Lieberman, Esther; Cruz-Alcívar, Roberto; Navarrete-Meneses, Pilar; Gómez, Samuel; Cantú-Reyna, Consuelo; Buiting, Karin; Durán-McKinster, Carola; Pérez-Vera, Patricia

    2014-01-01

    Trisomy 14 mosaicism is a rare chromosomal abnormality. It is associated with multiple congenital anomalies. We report a 15 year-old female with an unusual karyotype with three cell lines: 47,XX,+mar/47,XX,+14/46,XX. At six months old she had short stature, cleft palate, hyperpigmented linear spots in arms and legs and developmental delay. At present, she has mild facial dysmorphism and moderate mental retardation. Cytogenetic analysis was performed in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in the light and dark skin following standard methods. DNAarray - Oligo 180 k was carried out using Agilent Technologies and FISH analysis was accomplished using DNA BACs probes to confirm the result obtained by DNAarray. Methylation-Specific PCR (MS-PCR) of the MEG3 promoter and microsatellite analysis were performed. Microarray analysis confirmed partial trisomy 14 mosaicism; the marker chromosome was found to be from chromosome 14, the result was confirmed with FISH. Methylation (14q32.3) and microsatellite (14q11-14q32.33) analysis were carried out and UPD was discarded. The global result was: mos 47,XX,+del(14)(q11.2)[45]/47,XX,+14[10]/46,XX[45]. This is a unique case because of the coexistence of two abnormal cell lines, including one with +14 and another with +del(14)(q11.2). To our knowledge, only three patients have been reported with trisomy 14 and another abnormal cell line. The array analysis identified the marker chromosome and characterized the breakpoint. The del(14)(q11.2) does not seem to be related to any particular phenotypic characteristic of the patient; the clinical features of our patient observed until now, can be attributed to trisomy 14 mosaicism. Nevertheless, we cannot discard the manifestation of new symptoms related to her karyotype in the future.

  9. Long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery in adolescents with severe obesity (FABS-5+): a prospective follow-up analysis.

    PubMed

    Inge, Thomas H; Jenkins, Todd M; Xanthakos, Stavra A; Dixon, John B; Daniels, Stephen R; Zeller, Meg H; Helmrath, Michael A

    2017-03-01

    Little is known about the long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery for severe adolescent obesity, raising questions about the durability of early responses to surgery. We aimed to analyse long-term (>5 years) outcomes of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in a cohort of young adults who had undergone the operation during adolescence, in the Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus Years (FABS-5+) extension study. A cohort of young people aged 13-21 years underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for clinically severe obesity at a paediatric academic medical centre in the USA. We did a prospective follow-up analysis of these patients' outcomes 5-12 years after surgery. Outcomes assessed included BMI, comorbidities, micronutrient status, safety, and other risks. The FABS study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00776776. Between May, 2001, and February, 2007, 74 young people underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the FABS study. Of these, 58 individuals were eligible for the FABS-5+ study, could be located, and agreed to follow-up assessment. At baseline, the mean age of the cohort was 17·1 years (SD 1·7) and mean BMI was 58·5 kg/m(2) (10·5). At mean follow-up of 8·0 years (SD 1·6; range 5·4-12·5), the mean age of the cohort was 25·1 years (2·4) and mean BMI was 41·7 kg/m(2) (12·0; mean change in BMI -29·2% [13·7]). From baseline to long-term follow-up, significant declines were recorded in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (27/57 [47%] vs 9/55 [16%]; p=0·001), dyslipidaemia (48/56 [86%] vs 21/55 [38%]; p<0·0001), and type 2 diabetes (9/56 [16%] vs 1/55 [2%]; p=0·03). At follow-up, 25 (46%) of 58 patients had mild anaemia (ie, not requiring intervention), 22 (45%) had hyperparathyroidism, and eight (16%) had low amounts of vitamin B12 (ie, below the normal cutpoint). Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery resulted in substantial and durable bodyweight reduction and cardiometabolic benefits for young adults. Long-term health maintenance after

  10. Management and outcome of recurrent adult craniopharyngiomas: an analysis of 42 cases with long-term follow-up.

    PubMed

    Turel, Mazda K; Tsermoulas, Georgios; Gonen, Lior; Klironomos, George; Almeida, Joao Paulo; Zadeh, Gelareh; Gentili, Fred

    2016-12-01

    OBJECTIVE The treatment of recurrent and residual craniopharyngiomas is challenging. In this study the authors describe their experience with these tumors and make recommendations on their management. METHODS The authors performed an observational study of adult patients (≥ 18 years) with recurrent or residual craniopharyngiomas that were managed at their tertiary center. Retrospective data were collected on demographics and clinical, imaging, and treatment characteristics from patients who had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Descriptive statistics were used and the data were analyzed. RESULTS There were 42 patients (27 male, 15 female) with a mean age of 46.3 ± 14.3 years. The average tumor size was 3.1 ± 1.1 cm. The average time to first recurrence was 3.6 ± 5.5 years (range 0.2-27 years). One in 5 patients (8/42) with residual/recurrent tumors did not require any active treatment. Of the 34 patients who underwent repeat treatment, 12 (35.3%) had surgery only (transcranial, endoscopic, or both), 9 (26.5%) underwent surgery followed by adjuvant radiation therapy (RT), and 13 (38.2%) received RT alone. Eighty-six percent (18/21) had a gross-total (n = 4) or near-total (n = 14) resection of the recurrent/residual tumors and had good local control at last follow-up. One of 5 patients (7/34) who underwent repeat treatment had further treatment for a second recurrence. The total duration of follow-up was 8.6 ± 7.1 years. The average Karnofsky Performance Scale score at last follow-up was 80 (range 40-90). There was 1 death. CONCLUSIONS Based on this experience and in the absence of guidelines, the authors recommend an individualized approach for the treatment of symptomatic or growing tumors. This study has shown that 1 in 5 patients does not require repeat treatment of their recurrent/residual disease and can be managed with a "scan and watch" approach. On the other hand, 1 in 5 patients who had repeat treatment for their recurrence in the form of surgery and

  11. Recurrence of keratoconus characteristics: a clinical and histologic follow-up analysis of donor grafts.

    PubMed

    Bourges, Jean-Louis; Savoldelli, Michèle; Dighiero, Paul; Assouline, Michael; Pouliquen, Yves; BenEzra, David; Renard, Gilles; Behar-Cohen, Francine

    2003-10-01

    To report on clinical corneal topography, histopathologic analysis, and fine structure findings in failed grafts after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for keratoconus (KC). Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series with histologic and clinical correlation. Twelve corneal buttons were obtained from consecutive patients undergoing repeated PK 10 to 28 years after the initial PK for KC. The indication for regrafting was endothelial deficiency in seven cases, irreversible immune graft rejection in two cases, and corneal ectasia in three cases. Removed corneal buttons were examined by light and transmission electron microscopy. A potential correlation between the clinical and videokeratoscopic findings and the microscopic structural observations was analyzed. Preoperative simulated keratometry measured by TMS-1 (Tomey, New York, NY) or EyeSys CAS (EyeSys Technology, Houston, TX) ranged from 49.8 to 66.1 diopters. A pattern compatible with KC characteristics was observed in all cases. Fine structure analysis revealed Bowman's layer disruption or folds and stromal deposits in all corneal buttons. However, central corneal thinning was not present in any of the removed buttons. Structure changes compatible with the diagnosis of KC were observed in all donor buttons many years after PK on KC recipients. Recurrence of the KC characteristics may result from graft repopulation by recipients' keratocytes, aging of the grafted tissue, or both.

  12. Wavelet data analysis of micro-Raman spectra for follow-up monitoring in oral pathologies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Camerlingo, C.; Zenone, F.; Perna, G.; Capozzi, V.; Cirillo, N.; Gaeta, G. M.; Lepore, M.

    2008-02-01

    A wavelet multi-component decomposition algorithm has been used for data analysis of micro-Raman spectra from human biological samples. In particular, measurements have been performed on some samples of oral tissue and blood serum from patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris at different stages. Pemphigus is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a potentially fatal outcome. The disease is characterized histologically by intradermal blisters and immunopathologically by the finding of tissue bound and circulating immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody directed against the cell surface of keratinocytes. More than 150 spectra were measured by means of a Raman confocal microspectrometer apparatus using the 632.8 nm line of a He-Ne laser source. A discrete wavelet transform decomposition method has been applied to the recorded Raman spectra in order to overcome related to low-level signals and the presence of noise and background components due to light scattering and fluorescence. The results indicate that appropriate data processing can contribute to enlarge the medical applications of micro-Raman spectroscopy.

  13. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Analysis of Aneurysm Volumetric Changes at Mid-Term Follow-Up

    SciTech Connect

    Bargellini, Irene Cioni, Roberto; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Pratali, Alessandro; Napoli, Vinicio; Vignali, Claudio; Ferrari, Mauro; Bartolozzi, Carlo

    2005-05-15

    Purpose. To evaluate the volumetric changes in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) in 24 months of follow-up. Methods. We evaluated the volume modifications in 63 consecutive patients after EVAR. All patients underwent strict duplex ultrasound and computed tomography angiography (CTA) follow-up; when complications were suspected, digital subtraction angiography was also performed. CTA datasets at 1, 6, 12, and 24 months were post-processed through semiautomatic segmentation, to isolate the aneurysmal sac and calculate its volume. Maximum transverse diameters (Dmax) were also obtained in the true axial plane, Presence and type of endoleak (EL) were recorded. A statistical analysis was performed to assess the degree of volume change, correlation with diameter modifications, and significance of the volume increase with respect to ELs. Results. Mean reconstruction time was 7 min. Mean volume reduction rates were 6.5%, 8%, and 9.6% at 6, 12, and 24 months follow-up, respectively. Mean Dmax reduction rates were 4.2%, 6.7%, and 12%; correlation with volumes was poor (r = 0.73-0.81). ELs were found in 19 patients and were more frequent (p = 0.04) in patients with higher preprocedural Dmax, The accuracies of volume changes in predicting ELs ranged between 74.6% and 84.1% and were higher than those of Dmax modifications. The strongest independent predictor of EL was a volume change at 6 months {<=}0.3% (p = 0.005), although 6 of 19 (32%) patients with EL showed no significant AAA enlargement, whereas in 6 of 44 (14%) patients without EL the aneurysm enlarged. Conclusion. The lack of volume decrease in the aneurysm of at least 0.3% at 6 months follow-up indicates the need for closer surveillance, and has a higher predictive accuracy for an endoleak than Dmax.

  14. Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Data-driven Textural Analysis of Extent of Fibrosis at Baseline and 15-Month Follow-up.

    PubMed

    Humphries, Stephen M; Yagihashi, Kunihiro; Huckleberry, Jason; Rho, Byung-Hak; Schroeder, Joyce D; Strand, Matthew; Schwarz, Marvin I; Flaherty, Kevin R; Kazerooni, Ella A; van Beek, Edwin J R; Lynch, David A

    2017-10-01

    Purpose To evaluate associations between pulmonary function and both quantitative analysis and visual assessment of thin-section computed tomography (CT) images at baseline and at 15-month follow-up in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Materials and Methods This retrospective analysis of preexisting anonymized data, collected prospectively between 2007 and 2013 in a HIPAA-compliant study, was exempt from additional institutional review board approval. The extent of lung fibrosis at baseline inspiratory chest CT in 280 subjects enrolled in the IPF Network was evaluated. Visual analysis was performed by using a semiquantitative scoring system. Computer-based quantitative analysis included CT histogram-based measurements and a data-driven textural analysis (DTA). Follow-up CT images in 72 of these subjects were also analyzed. Univariate comparisons were performed by using Spearman rank correlation. Multivariate and longitudinal analyses were performed by using a linear mixed model approach, in which models were compared by using asymptotic χ(2) tests. Results At baseline, all CT-derived measures showed moderate significant correlation (P < .001) with pulmonary function. At follow-up CT, changes in DTA scores showed significant correlation with changes in both forced vital capacity percentage predicted (ρ = -0.41, P < .001) and diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide percentage predicted (ρ = -0.40, P < .001). Asymptotic χ(2) tests showed that inclusion of DTA score significantly improved fit of both baseline and longitudinal linear mixed models in the prediction of pulmonary function (P < .001 for both). Conclusion When compared with semiquantitative visual assessment and CT histogram-based measurements, DTA score provides additional information that can be used to predict diminished function. Automatic quantification of lung fibrosis at CT yields an index of severity that correlates with visual assessment and functional change in subjects with IPF

  15. A comparison of a new zero-profile, stand-alone Fidji cervical cage and anterior cervical plate for single and multilevel ACDF: a minimum 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhonghai; Zhao, Yantao; Tang, Jiaguang; Ren, Dongfeng; Guo, Jidong; Wang, Huadong; Li, Li; Hou, Shuxun

    2017-04-01

    To compare perioperative parameters, clinical outcomes, radiographic parameters, and complication rates of the new zero-profile, stand-alone Fidji cervical cage with those of the stand-alone cages with a titanium plate for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the surgical treatment of single- and multilevel cervical degenerative disc disease (DDD). Between October 2009 and December 2013, 152 consecutive patients [86 males and 52 females; mean age 51.0 years (range 30-69 years)] with cervical DDD, who underwent surgery and were followed for more than 2 years, were enrolled in this study and divided into the cage group and plate group. The study compared perioperative parameters, surgery-related and implant-related complication rates, clinical outcomes, and radiologic parameters. The clinical and radiologic results in both groups were satisfactory after a minimum 2-year follow-up. No significant differences between the cage group and plate group in terms of improvement in the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey, visual analogue scale, Neck Disability Index, Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, disc height, mean fusion time, fusion rate, adjacent segment degeneration, and restoration of cervical lordosis, but the cage group was associated with a lower risk of postoperative dysphagia, shorter operation time, less blood loss, less cost of index surgery, and relatively greater simplicity than the plate group. The zero-profile, stand-alone Fidji cervical cage for ACDF is an effective, reliable, and safe alternate to the conventional method for the treatment of cervical DDD. However, there is no definitive evidence that Fidji cervical cage has better intermediate-term outcomes than the stand-alone cages with a titanium plate for ACDF.

  16. Decrease in self-esteem mediates the association between symptoms of social phobia and depression in middle adolescence in a sex-specific manner: a 2-year follow-up of a prospective population cohort study.

    PubMed

    Väänänen, Juha-Matti; Isomaa, Rasmus; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Fröjd, Sari; Helminen, Mika; Marttunen, Mauri

    2014-03-19

    Social phobia and depression are common, highly comorbid disorders in middle adolescence. The mechanism underlying this comorbidity, however, is unclear. Decrease in self-esteem caused by the initial disorder might play a decisive role in the development of the subsequent disorder. The present study aimed to determine whether the association between symptoms of social phobia and depression is mediated by decrease in self-esteem in mid-adolescent girls and boys. As a part of the prospective Adolescent Mental Health Cohort (AMCH), subjects of this study were 9th grade pupils (mean age, 15.5) responding to a survey conducted in 2002-2003 (T1) and to a 2-year follow-up survey in 2004-2005 (T2) (N = 2070, mean age 17.6 years, 54.5% girls). Symptoms of social phobia without symptoms of depression at age 15 and symptoms of depression at age 17 were associated only among boys, and this association was mediated by decrease in self-esteem. Symptoms of depression without symptoms of social phobia at age 15 and symptoms of social phobia at age 17 were associated only among girls, and this association was partially mediated by decrease in self-esteem. Decrease in self-esteem plays a decisive role in the association between social phobia and depression. Self-esteem should be a key focus in interventions for adolescents suffering from social phobia or depression. Efficient intervention for the first disorder might help to prevent the decline in self-esteem and thus the incidence of the subsequent disorder. These findings are based on a sample of Finnish adolescents and should be confirmed in other jurisdictions or in more ethnically diverse samples.

  17. Decrease in self-esteem mediates the association between symptoms of social phobia and depression in middle adolescence in a sex-specific manner: a 2-year follow-up of a prospective population cohort study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Social phobia and depression are common, highly comorbid disorders in middle adolescence. The mechanism underlying this comorbidity, however, is unclear. Decrease in self-esteem caused by the initial disorder might play a decisive role in the development of the subsequent disorder. The present study aimed to determine whether the association between symptoms of social phobia and depression is mediated by decrease in self-esteem in mid-adolescent girls and boys. Methods As a part of the prospective Adolescent Mental Health Cohort (AMCH), subjects of this study were 9th grade pupils (mean age, 15.5) responding to a survey conducted in 2002–2003 (T1) and to a 2-year follow-up survey in 2004–2005 (T2) (N = 2070, mean age 17.6 years, 54.5% girls). Results Symptoms of social phobia without symptoms of depression at age 15 and symptoms of depression at age 17 were associated only among boys, and this association was mediated by decrease in self-esteem. Symptoms of depression without symptoms of social phobia at age 15 and symptoms of social phobia at age 17 were associated only among girls, and this association was partially mediated by decrease in self-esteem. Conclusions Decrease in self-esteem plays a decisive role in the association between social phobia and depression. Self-esteem should be a key focus in interventions for adolescents suffering from social phobia or depression. Efficient intervention for the first disorder might help to prevent the decline in self-esteem and thus the incidence of the subsequent disorder. These findings are based on a sample of Finnish adolescents and should be confirmed in other jurisdictions or in more ethnically diverse samples. PMID:24641987

  18. Long-term Follow-up of Patients With Lyme Disease: Longitudinal Analysis of Clinical and Quality-of-life Measures.

    PubMed

    Wills, Aprielle B; Spaulding, Alicen B; Adjemian, Jennifer; Prevots, D Rebecca; Turk, Siu-Ping; Williams, Carla; Marques, Adriana

    2016-06-15

    Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. Some patients report persistent or intermittent subjective symptoms of mild to moderate intensity after antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease. We sought to evaluate trends in clinical and quality-of-life (QOL) measures in a cohort of patients with Lyme disease enrolled in a natural history study at the National Institutes of Health from 2001-2014. QOL was measured using the self-administered 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) during study follow-up. Primary outcomes included mean physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) health QOL composite scores and reporting long-term (≥2 years) symptoms, adjusted for Lyme disease stage and severity at diagnosis. Overall, 101 patients with an average follow-up time of 3.9 years (range, 0.5-11.3 years) were included. At first visit, overall mean QOL scores were below the US population mean for both PCS (45.6 ± 10.4) and MCS (47.3 ± 11.5) but increased to just above the national average after 3 years of follow-up for both PCS (50.7 ± 9.6) and MCS (50.1 ± 10.0). Baseline QOL scores were lowest in those with late disease (P < 0.01) but also increased by the end of follow-up to national averages. In multivariate analysis, the only factors significantly associated with long-term symptoms or lower QOL scores were other comorbidities unrelated to Lyme disease. Comorbid conditions can play a role in the reporting of long-term symptoms and overall QOL of Lyme disease patients and should be considered in the evaluation of these patients. NCT00028080. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2016. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

  19. Long-term Follow-up of Patients With Lyme Disease: Longitudinal Analysis of Clinical and Quality-of-life Measures

    PubMed Central

    Wills, Aprielle B.; Spaulding, Alicen B.; Adjemian, Jennifer; Prevots, D. Rebecca; Turk, Siu-Ping; Williams, Carla; Marques, Adriana

    2016-01-01

    Background. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. Some patients report persistent or intermittent subjective symptoms of mild to moderate intensity after antibiotic treatment for Lyme disease. We sought to evaluate trends in clinical and quality-of-life (QOL) measures in a cohort of patients with Lyme disease enrolled in a natural history study at the National Institutes of Health from 2001–2014. Methods. QOL was measured using the self-administered 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) during study follow-up. Primary outcomes included mean physical (PCS) and mental (MCS) health QOL composite scores and reporting long-term (≥2 years) symptoms, adjusted for Lyme disease stage and severity at diagnosis. Results. Overall, 101 patients with an average follow-up time of 3.9 years (range, 0.5–11.3 years) were included. At first visit, overall mean QOL scores were below the US population mean for both PCS (45.6 ± 10.4) and MCS (47.3 ± 11.5) but increased to just above the national average after 3 years of follow-up for both PCS (50.7 ± 9.6) and MCS (50.1 ± 10.0). Baseline QOL scores were lowest in those with late disease (P < 0.01) but also increased by the end of follow-up to national averages. In multivariate analysis, the only factors significantly associated with long-term symptoms or lower QOL scores were other comorbidities unrelated to Lyme disease. Conclusions. Comorbid conditions can play a role in the reporting of long-term symptoms and overall QOL of Lyme disease patients and should be considered in the evaluation of these patients. Clinical Trials Registration. NCT00028080. PMID:27025825

  20. Associated lumbar scoliosis does not affect outcomes in patients undergoing focal minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) for neurogenic symptoms-a minimum 2-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Tay, Kae Sian; Bassi, Anupreet; Yeo, William; Yue, Wai Mun

    2017-01-01

    There is no current literature comparing outcomes of patients with and without lumbar scoliosis having neurologic symptoms undergoing minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) technique. This study aimed to determine whether associated lumbar scoliosis will result in different clinical, radiological, and operative outcomes in patients undergoing focal MISTLIF for neurogenic symptoms, without specific correction of the scoliosis. A retrospective case comparison study from prospectively collected hospital registry data was carried out. Two hundred and thirty eligible patients were evaluated and divided into two groups: Scoliosis Group (SG; n=57) with Cobb angle >10 degrees on anterioposterior (AP) plain lumbar spine radiographs and Non-Scoliosis Group (NSG; n=173) consisting of the remaining patients. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index, the North American Spine Society (NASS) Neurogenic Symptom Score, the NASS Satisfaction with Surgery Rating, the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale for back and leg pain. Radiological findings included Cobb angle, fusion, implant failure or loosening, and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). Both groups were compared for demographics, perioperative parameters, complications, clinical, and radiological outcomes. Interobserver agreement (kappa statistics) for measurement of Cobb angle was calculated on all cases of both groups by two authors. Patients were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months, and 2 years after surgery. The average follow-up was 2.88±1.47 years in the SG and 2.71±1.34 years in the NSG (p=.444). Differences in mean age (SG: 62.9±10.9 years and NSG: 57.6±13.1 years), estimated related risk of death (SG: 3.05±2.13 and NSG: 2.41±1.74), and gender (female=SG: 87.7% and NSG: 64.2%) were statistically significant (p<.05), whereas race distribution, body mass index |(BMI), spinal levels operated, number of levels

  1. Long-term outcomes of anthroposophic therapy for chronic low back pain: A two-year follow-up analysis.

    PubMed

    Hamre, Harald J; Witt, Claudia M; Kienle, Gunver S; Glockmann, Anja; Ziegler, Renatus; Willich, Stefan N; Kiene, Helmut

    2009-06-25

    Anthroposophic treatment for chronic low back pain (LBP) includes special artistic and physical therapies and special medications. In a previously published prospective cohort study, anthroposophic treatment for chronic LBP was associated with improvements of pain, back function, and quality of life at 12-month follow-up. These improvements were at least comparable to improvements in a control group receiving conventional care. We conducted a two-year follow-up analysis of the anthroposophic therapy group with a larger sample size. Seventy-five consecutive adult outpatients in Germany, starting anthroposophic treatment for discogenic or non-specific LBP of ≥6 weeks' duration participated in a prospective cohort study. Main outcomes were Hanover Functional Ability Questionnaire (HFAQ; 0-100), LBP Rating Scale Pain Score (LBPRS; 0-100), Symptom Score (0-10), and SF-36 after 24 months. Eighty-five percent of patients were women. Mean age was 49.0 years. From baseline to 24-month follow-up all outcomes improved significantly; average improvements were: HFAQ 11.1 points (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.5-16.6; p < 0.001), LBPRS 8.7 (95% CI: 4.4-13.0; p < 0.001), Symptom Score 2.0 (95% CI: 1.3-2.8; p < 0.001), SF-36 Physical Component Summary 6.0 (95% CI: 2.9-9.1; p < 0.001), and SF-36 Mental Component Summary 4.0 (95% CI: 1.1-6.8; p = 0.007). Patients with chronic LBP receiving anthroposophic treatment had sustained improvements of symptoms, back function, and quality of life, suggesting that larger multicenter rigorous studies may be worthwhile.

  2. PTA of Infrapopliteal Arteries: Long-term Clinical Follow-up and Analysis of Factors Influencing Clinical Outcome

    SciTech Connect

    Peregrin, Jan H. Koznar, Boris; Kovac, Josef; Lastovickova, Jarmila; Novotny, Jiri; Vedlich, Daniel; Skibova, Jelena

    2010-08-15

    This study was a retrospective analysis of patients with CLI who underwent infrapopliteal percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). The main goal was to evaluate clinical and morphological factors that influence the clinical outcome of PTA in long-term follow-up. A total of 1,445 PTA procedures were performed in 1,268 patients. Main indications for PTA included gangrene, nonhealing ulcers, or rest pain. The mean number of treated arteries was 1.77 artery/limb, and the majority of lesions were type TASC D. The technical success rate of PTA was 89% of intended-to-treat arteries. The main criterion of clinical success was functional limb salvage (LS). One-year follow-up involved 1,069 limbs. Primary and secondary 1-year LS rates were 76.1 and 84.4%, respectively. The effect of clinical and morphological parameters on the 1-year LS was that the only associated disease with an adverse effect on LS rate was DM combined with dialysis. Regarding limb preprocedural status, gangrene was clearly a negative predictor. The most important factor affecting LS was the number of patent arteries post-PTA: patients with 0, 1, 2, and 3 patent arteries had 1-year primary LS rates of 56.4, 73.1, 80.4, and 83%, respectively. Long-term follow-up of LS rates demonstrated secondary LS rates of 84.4, 78.8, and 73.3% at 1, 5, and 10 years. Every effort should be made to perform PTA for as many arteries as possible, even if TASC D type, to improve clinical outcome. Our study shows that repeat PTA is capable of keeping the long-term LS rate close to 75%.

  3. Joint preservation after hip arthroscopy in patients with FAI. Prospective analysis with a minimum follow-up of seven years.

    PubMed

    Comba, Fernando; Yacuzzi, Carlos; Ali, Pablo J; Zanotti, Gerardo; Buttaro, Martin; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes, radiological degenerative progression and the joint preservation rate in a series of patients with Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) treated with hip arthroscopy at a minimum follow-up of 7 years. The predictive factors for total hip arthroplasty (THA) requirement were analyzed. Between February 2008 and February 2009, 42 consecutive patients treated with hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome were included. There were 15 women and 27 men with an average age of 38 years (range 23 to 56 years). The surgery involved joint damage stabilization (labral tears and/or chondrolabral injuries) and correction of associated bony deformities (cam and/or pincer lesions). A prospective clinical follow-up was made with no patient lost. We specifically addressed the need for THA. Predictive factors for THA were also analyzed. At final follow up, joint preservation rate was 83.33% (CI 95% 68,64%-93,03%). Probability of evolving to a THA in patients with radiographic preoperative Tonnis grades 0 and I was of 0% (CI 95%: 0-12.77). Probability of evolving to a THA in patients with preoperative Tonnis grades II and III was 46,67% (CI 95%21.27%-73,41%). A statistically significant difference was present between both groups (p= 0.002). Patients older than 45 years at the time of hip arthroscopy were at significant risk of evolving to a THA (p=0.0012). Excluding those patients who undergone a THA: modified HHS was 88.25 points (80-96) and radiographic analysis addressed a 14,29% (IC95% 4,81%-30,26%) of progressive degenerative changes without affecting clinical results. Hip arthroscopy for the treatment of patients with FAI syndrome showed favorable results regarding joint preservation. Patients with preoperative radiographic evidence of advanced-stage osteoarthritis and those older than 45 years at the time of surgery have higher risk of requiring THA. IV.

  4. Retrospective hospital-based analysis of age-related macular degeneration patterns in India: 5-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Sudhalkar, Aditya; Sethi, Vaibhav; Gogte, Priyanka; Bondalapati, Sailaja; Khodani, Mitali; Chhablani, Jay Kumar

    2015-12-01

    To provide a detailed analysis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with a 5-year follow-up at a Tertiary Eye Care Center in India. In this retrospective institutional study, 408 eyes of 204 subjects (100 males) with a diagnosis of AMD with minimum 5-year follow-up were included. Data collected included demographics, details of the ocular exam, special investigations performed, treatment offered, complications, and systemic diseases, if any. The median age was 74.24 ± 8.23 years. Median follow-up was 5.77 years. The visual acuity (VA) at baseline and last visit was 0.74 ± 0.12 (Snellen's equivalent 20/100) and 0.54 ± 0.12 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (Snellen's equivalent 20/50; P = 0.032) in patients with choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM). The most common complaint was decreased vision (94.5%). AMD (any stage) was found to be bilateral in 93% of patients at baseline and 197 patients (96.56%) at 5 years. Seventeen eyes had active CNVM (12 of these were occult) at presentation. At baseline, 43 eyes had a disciform scar. Three hundred twenty-one eyes had dry AMD at baseline (geographic atrophy - 12 [3.7%] eyes). Five-year conversion rate into wet AMD and geographic atrophy was 2.87% and 3.12%. Median number of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor injections administered per patient was 2.8 ± 1.2. CNVM bilaterality was low (7.5%). Patients with AMD in India presented later in the course of the disease. Bilateral advanced AMD and geographic atrophy were uncommon. Five-year conversion rate into wet AMD and geographic atrophy was 2.87% and 3.12%.

  5. Long-term outcomes of anthroposophic therapy for chronic low back pain: A two-year follow-up analysis

    PubMed Central

    Hamre, Harald J; Witt, Claudia M; Kienle, Gunver S; Glockmann, Anja; Ziegler, Renatus; Willich, Stefan N; Kiene, Helmut

    2009-01-01

    Background Anthroposophic treatment for chronic low back pain (LBP) includes special artistic and physical therapies and special medications. In a previously published prospective cohort study, anthroposophic treatment for chronic LBP was associated with improvements of pain, back function, and quality of life at 12-month follow-up. These improvements were at least comparable to improvements in a control group receiving conventional care. We conducted a two-year follow-up analysis of the anthroposophic therapy group with a larger sample size. Methods Seventy-five consecutive adult outpatients in Germany, starting anthroposophic treatment for discogenic or non-specific LBP of ≥6 weeks’ duration participated in a prospective cohort study. Main outcomes were Hanover Functional Ability Questionnaire (HFAQ; 0–100), LBP Rating Scale Pain Score (LBPRS; 0–100), Symptom Score (0–10), and SF-36 after 24 months. Results Eighty-five percent of patients were women. Mean age was 49.0 years. From baseline to 24-month follow-up all outcomes improved significantly; average improvements were: HFAQ 11.1 points (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.5–16.6; p < 0.001), LBPRS 8.7 (95% CI: 4.4–13.0; p < 0.001), Symptom Score 2.0 (95% CI: 1.3–2.8; p < 0.001), SF-36 Physical Component Summary 6.0 (95% CI: 2.9–9.1; p < 0.001), and SF-36 Mental Component Summary 4.0 (95% CI: 1.1–6.8; p = 0.007). Conclusion Patients with chronic LBP receiving anthroposophic treatment had sustained improvements of symptoms, back function, and quality of life, suggesting that larger multicenter rigorous studies may be worthwhile. PMID:21197296

  6. Exploratory analysis of obsessive compulsive symptom dimensions in children and adolescents: a Prospective follow-up study

    PubMed Central

    Delorme, Richard; Bille, Arnaud; Betancur, Catalina; Mathieu, Flavie; Chabane, Nadia; Mouren-Simeoni, Marie Christine; Leboyer, Marion

    2006-01-01

    Background Recent statistical approaches based on factor analysis of obsessive compulsive (OC) symptoms in adult patients have identified dimensions that seem more effective in symptom-based taxonomies and appear to be more stable over time. Although a phenotypic continuum from childhood to adulthood has been hypothesized, no factor analytic studies have been performed in juvenile patients, and the stability of OC dimensions in children and adolescents has not been assessed. Methods This study was designed to perform an exploratory factor analysis of OC symptoms in a sample of children and adolescents with OC disorder (OCD) and to investigate the course of factors over time (mean follow-up period: four years). Results We report for the first time that four symptom dimensions, remarkably similar to those previously described in adults, underlined the heterogeneity of OC symptoms in children and adolescents. Moreover, after follow-up, the symptom dimensions identified remained essentially unmodified. The changes observed concerned the intensity of dimensions rather than shifts from one dimension to another. Conclusion These findings reinforce the hypothesis of a phenotypic continuum of OC symptoms from childhood to adulthood. They also strengthen the interest for investigating the clinical, neurobiological and genetic heterogeneity of OCD using a dimension-based approach. PMID:16396684

  7. Predictability of spontaneous thoracic curve correction after anterior thoracolumbar correction and fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. A retrospective study on a consecutive series of 29 patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years.

    PubMed

    Huitema, Geertje C; Jansen, Rob C; van Ooij, André; Punt, Ilona M; van Rhijn, Lodewijk W

    2015-05-01

    According to the Lenke classification, a Type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can be surgically treated with selective anterior thoracolumbar or lumbar fusion. This study aims to predict the spontaneous correction of the unfused thoracic curve after anterior thoracolumbar fusion and to study whether age is of influence on this predictability. Retrospective study on a consecutive series of patients. Of a consecutive series of 38 patients with idiopathic thoracolumbar scoliosis, Lenke type 5, 29 patients were included in the study. All patients were treated with anterior spinal fusion and instrumentation. A minimum follow-up of 2 years was available for all patients (mean, 4 years; range, 2-17 years). To investigate the influence of age on the outcome, we divided the group into two subgroups: an adolescent (n=13) and an adult age group (n=16). The mean age in the adolescent group was 17 (range, 13-21 years) and 38 years (range, 22-54 years) in the adult group. Physiological measures include coronal Cobb angle, apical vertebral translation (AVT) and apical vertebral rotation (AVR), shoulder tilt, trunk shift, L4 tilt, and pelvic tilt. Relative corrections were computed for the thoracolumbar and thoracic curves in each patient using the following formula: (preoperative curve-postoperative curve)/preoperative curve×100 (%). The correlation coefficient between the relative (%) corrections of the thoracic and thoracolumbar curves was calculated for the whole group as for the two age subgroups. For radiographic evaluation, we used standing anteroposterior and lateral projections of the thoracolumbar spine to determine Cobb angle, AVT and AVR, and coronal balance. Both the thoracolumbar and thoracic curves in the whole group improved after surgery (45% and 19%, respectively, p<.01). In the adolescent age group, a significant correlation between the relative (%) correction of the thoracolumbar curve and the relative (%) correction of the thoracic curve was found (R=0

  8. Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Is Associated With Significantly Reduced ACL Graft Rupture Rates at a Minimum Follow-up of 2 Years: A Prospective Comparative Study of 502 Patients From the SANTI Study Group.

    PubMed

    Sonnery-Cottet, Bertrand; Saithna, Adnan; Cavalier, Maxime; Kajetanek, Charles; Temponi, Eduardo Frois; Daggett, Matt; Helito, Camilo Partezani; Thaunat, Mathieu

    2017-06-01

    Graft failure and low rates of return to sport are major concerns after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, particularly in a population at risk. To evaluate the association between reconstruction techniques and subsequent graft rupture and return-to-sport rates in patients aged 16 to 30 years participating in pivoting sports. Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. A prospective study of patients undergoing primary ACL reconstruction with a bone-patellar tendon-bone (B-PT-B) graft, quadrupled hamstring tendon (4HT) graft, or hamstring tendon graft combined with anterolateral ligament reconstruction (HT+ALL) was conducted by the Scientific ACL NeTwork International (SANTI) Study Group. Survivorship data from Kaplan-Meier analysis were analyzed in multivariate Cox regression models to identify the prognosticators of graft ruptures and return to sport. Five hundred two patients (mean age, 22.4 ± 4.0 years) with a mean follow-up of 38.4 ± 8.5 months (range, 24-54 months) were included. There were 105 B-PT-B, 176 4HT, and 221 HT+ALL grafts. The mean postoperative scores at latest follow-up were the following: Lysholm: 92.4 ± 8.6, Tegner: 7.4 ± 2.1, and subjective International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC): 86.8 ± 10.5 for B-PT-B grafts; Lysholm: 91.3 ± 9.9, Tegner: 6.6 ± 1.8, and subjective IKDC: 85.4 ± 10.4 for 4HT grafts; and Lysholm: 91.9 ± 10.2, Tegner: 7.0 ± 2.0, and subjective IKDC: 81.8 ± 13.1 for HT+ALL grafts. The mean side-to-side laxity was 0.6 ± 0.9 mm for B-PT-B grafts, 0.6 ± 1.0 mm for 4HT grafts, and 0.5 ± 0.8 mm for HT+ALL grafts. At a mean follow-up of 38.4 months, the graft rupture rates were 10.77% (range, 6.60%-17.32%) for 4HT grafts, 16.77% (range, 9.99%-27.40%) for B-PT-B grafts, and 4.13% (range, 2.17%-7.80%) for HT+ALL grafts. The rate of graft failure with HT+ALL grafts was 2.5 times less than with B-PT-B grafts (hazard ratio [HR], 0.393; 95% CI, 0.153-0.953) and 3.1 times less than with 4HT grafts (HR, 0.327; 95

  9. Acetabular labral reconstruction with an iliotibial band autograft: outcome and survivorship analysis at minimum 3-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Geyer, Mark R; Philippon, Marc J; Fagrelius, Theodore S; Briggs, Karen K

    2013-08-01

    Injury to the acetabular labrum results from multiple causes including femoroacetabular impingement, dysplasia, and acute trauma. The patient's labrum can be reconstructed utilizing an iliotibial band autograft that is tubularized and fixed to the acetabular rim, substituting for the patient's own labrum. Purpose/ The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm results of this technique with a follow-up from 3 to 6 years after reconstruction. The hypothesis was that midterm results would show excellent patient-reported outcomes and high patient satisfaction with outcome. Case series; Level of evidence, 4. A retrospective review of a prospectively collected registry was undertaken that identified 75 patients (76 hips) who underwent arthroscopic labral reconstruction using an iliotibial band autograft by a single surgeon from February 2005 to August 2008. Modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Hip Outcome Score (HOS), and patient satisfaction level (on a scale of 1-10) were recorded preoperatively and postoperatively annually. Survivorship analysis curves were created to evaluate the effectiveness of this technique. Among 76 hips, 19 progressed to total hip arthroplasty at an average of 28 months from the procedure. Mean survivor time (no arthroplasty) was 59.1 months (95% CI, 53.9-64.4). Follow-up on the surviving hips was available for 49 patients (86%) with a mean follow-up time of 49 months (range, 36-70 months). The mHHS significantly increased from a preoperative mean of 58.9 to the most recent follow-up score averaging 83 (P = .0001); HOS values in the sports and the activities of daily living subscales also increased significantly (P = .0001 and P = .001, respectively). Median patient satisfaction with outcome was 8. A joint space of ≤2 mm was found to be a poor prognostic factor for survival of the hip. Arthroscopic labral reconstruction using an iliotibial band autograft resulted in a survivorship of 56 months. Of the 76% of patients who did not require

  10. The Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort born in 1958 - dropout analysis and overview at 36-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Aasa, U; Lundell, S; Barnekow-Bergkvist, M; Jansson, E; Westerståhl, M

    2017-04-01

    The main aim of the Swedish physical activity and fitness cohort study (SPAF-1958) was to describe physical fitness, physical activity, health, and lifestyle across part of the lifespan, and to assess the influences on these factors from the environment, personal factors, and genetics. There is inevitable dropout from longitudinal studies, and it may be systematic. The aim of this first paper of the second follow-up of SPAF-1958 was to provide a dropout analysis to consider to what extent the participants, at 52 years of age, remain a representative sample of the original adolescent study population. Additional aims were to provide an overview of the study protocol and the ongoing study population. Ongoing study participants in SPAF born in 1958 were, at the second follow-up at the age of 52, still representative of the study cohort in terms of sex, adolescent geographical area, upper secondary school program, adolescent body composition, muscular strength, and muscular endurance. However, a higher physical activity and, among women, a higher aerobic capacity in adolescence decreased the risk for dropout. It is important when interpreting results from longitudinal studies to adjust for the systematic dropout that could bias the conclusions drawn from the results. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. Role of bioelectrical impedance analysis in follow-up of hospitalized elderly patients with congestive heart failure.

    PubMed

    Sergi, Giuseppe; Veronese, Nicola; Bolzetta, Francesco; De Rui, Marina; Toffanello, Elena Debora; Berton, Linda; Carraro, Sara; Cardin, Fabrizio; Manzato, Enzo; Coin, Alessandra

    2012-06-01

    Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by high levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), expanded total body water (TBW) and extracellular water (ECW). Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) has demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy in CHF but no information is available for older patients. We hypothesized that, in the follow-up of patients with CHF, body fluid changes estimated by BIA are related to BNP variations rather than with body weight. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between variations in body fluid compartments, body weight and BNP in hospitalized elderly patients with decompensated CHF. 49 elderly patients admitted to the Geriatric Department for decompensated CHF were included in the study. On admission and at discharge, all patients underwent clinical and functional assessment and BNP dosage. TBW and ECW were also determined by the BIA method. At discharge, all patients showed reductions in TBW (ΔTBW -2.9 ± 3.0 liters), ECW (ΔECW 1.9 ± 2.1 liters) and BNP levels (ΔBNP -219.6 ± 458.1 pg/mL). Variations in TBW and ECW were correlated with BNP changes (r=0.65 and 0.62, respectively) rather than with body weight variations and BNP changes (r=0.51). The stronger relationship between fluid variations determined by BIA and BNP changes may make BIA a useful method in the follow-up of decompensated CHF elderly patients.

  12. Variation in the Types of Providers Participating in Breast Cancer Follow-Up Care: A SEER-Medicare Analysis.

    PubMed

    Neuman, Heather B; Schumacher, Jessica R; Schneider, David F; Winslow, Emily R; Busch, Rebecca A; Tucholka, Jennifer L; Smith, Maureen A; Greenberg, Caprice C

    2017-03-01

    The current guidelines do not delineate the types of providers that should participate in early breast cancer follow-up care (within 3 years after completion of treatment). This study aimed to describe the types of providers participating in early follow-up care of older breast cancer survivors and to identify factors associated with receipt of follow-up care from different types of providers. Stages 1-3 breast cancer survivors treated from 2000 to 2007 were identified in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End results Medicare database (n = 44,306). Oncologist (including medical, radiation, and surgical) follow-up and primary care visits were defined using Medicare specialty provider codes and linked American Medical Association (AMA) Masterfile. The types of providers involved in follow-up care were summarized. Stepped regression models identified factors associated with receipt of medical oncology follow-up care and factors associated with receipt of medical oncology care alone versus combination oncology follow-up care. Oncology follow-up care was provided for 80 % of the patients: 80 % with a medical oncologist, 46 % with a surgeon, and 39 % with a radiation oncologist after radiation treatment. The patients with larger tumor size, positive axillary nodes, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive status, and chemotherapy treatment were more likely to have medical oncology follow-up care than older patients with higher Charlson comorbidity scores who were not receiving axillary care. The only factor associated with increased likelihood of follow-up care with a combination of oncology providers was regular primary care visits (>2 visits/year). Substantial variation exists in the types of providers that participate in breast cancer follow-up care. Improved guidance for the types of providers involved and delineation of providers' responsibilities during follow-up care could lead to improved efficiency and quality of care.

  13. [Clinical characteristics and long-term follow-up analysis of three cases with newborn aristolochic acid nephropathy].

    PubMed

    Li, Zheng-hong; Wei, Min; Ding, Guo-fang; Wang, Dan-hua

    2011-11-01

    To summarize the clinical characteristics and prognosis of newborn aristolochic acid nephropathy induced by akebia. Retrospective analysis of clinical manifestations, therapy and prognosis was made upon data of 3 newborn infants with renal function lesion induced by akebia. Three infants who were fed with Chinese herbal medicines containing akebia trifoliate suffered from acute renal failure, renal glomerular and tubular injury, with symptoms of vomiting, diarrhea, and oliguria. Laboratory tests manifested hyperpotassemia, hyponatremia, elevation of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen, and metabolic acidosis. Renal glomerular lesion was mild, presented with proteinuria and increased serum β(2) microglobin. Renal dysfunction was manifested with alkaline urine, glucosuria, positiveness of urine glucose, ketone and aminoaciduria, and increased urine β(2) microglobin excretion. After symptomatic treatment for 3 to 4 weeks, the renal function of these infants recovered. Proteinuria, aminoaciduria and glucosuria turned negative within 5 to 8 months, 3 months to 1 year, and 9 months to 3 years, respectively. Urine pH decreased to 7.0 after 5.0 - 5.5 years. All cases took citric acid mixtures for 5.5 to 6 years. A 12-years follow-up demonstrated that serum creatinine of 3 cases were within normal range during the first 11 years of life, however recent follow-up showed increased serum creatinine of case 1 and case 2, except for serum creatinine of case 3 remained normal. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of all the 3 cases decreased. Among which, eGFR of case 1 and case 2 were lower than 90 [ml/(min·1.73 m(2))], and decreased 1.1 [ml/(min·1.73 m(2))] and 0.6 [ml/(min·1.73 m(2))] per year during recent six years, respectively. No obvious decrease of eGFR was observed in case 3. Blood gas analysis and urine routine were normal, yet blood and urine β(2) microglobin excretion were still high. Urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase increased again after having

  14. The Role of Radiographs and Office Visits in the Follow-Up of Healed Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures: An Economic Analysis.

    PubMed

    Kempegowda, Harish; Richard, Raveesh; Borade, Amrut; Tawari, Akhil; Howenstein, Abby M; Kubiak, Erik N; Suk, Michael; Horwitz, Daniel S

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role and the necessity of radiographs and office visits obtained during follow-up of intertrochanteric hip injuries. Retrospective study. Two level I trauma centers. Four hundred sixty-five elderly patients who were surgically treated for an intertrochanteric fracture of the femur at 2 level I trauma centers between January 2009 and August 2014 were retrospectively identified from orthopaedic trauma databases. Analysis of all healed intertrochanteric hip fractures, including demographic characteristics, quality of reduction, time of healing, number of office visits, number of radiographs obtained, and each radiograph for fracture alignment, implant position or any pathological changes. The surgical fixation of 465 fractures included 155 short nails (33%), 232 long nails (50%), 69 sliding hip screw devices (15%), 7 trochanteric stabilizing plates (1.5%), and 2 proximal femur locking plates (0.5%). The average fracture healing time was 12.8 weeks and the average follow-up was 81.2 weeks. Radiographs of any patient obtained after the fracture had healed did not reveal any changes, including fracture alignment or implant position and hardware failure. In 9 patients, pathological changes, including arthritis (3), avascular necrosis (3), and ectopic ossification (3) were noted. The average number of elective office visits and radiographs obtained after the fracture had healed were 2.8 (range: 1-8) and 2.6 (range: 1-8), respectively. According to Medicare payments to the institution, these radiographs and office visits account for a direct cost of $360.81 and $192, respectively, per patient. The current study strongly suggests that there is a negligible role for radiographs and office visits during the follow-up of a well-healed hip fracture when there is documented evidence of radiographic and clinical healing with acceptable fracture alignment and implant position. Implementation of this simple measure will help in reducing

  15. Joint preservation after hip arthroscopy in patients with FAI. Prospective analysis with a minimum follow-up of seven years

    PubMed Central

    Comba, Fernando; Yacuzzi, Carlos; Ali, Pablo J.; Zanotti, Gerardo; Buttaro, Martin; Piccaluga, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Summary Background The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes, radiological degenerative progression and the joint preservation rate in a series of patients with Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI) treated with hip arthroscopy at a minimum follow-up of 7 years. The predictive factors for total hip arthroplasty (THA) requirement were analyzed. Materials and methods Between February 2008 and February 2009, 42 consecutive patients treated with hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome were included. There were 15 women and 27 men with an average age of 38 years (range 23 to 56 years). The surgery involved joint damage stabilization (labral tears and/or chondrolabral injuries) and correction of associated bony deformities (cam and/or pincer lesions). A prospective clinical follow-up was made with no patient lost. We specifically addressed the need for THA. Predictive factors for THA were also analyzed. Results At final follow up, joint preservation rate was 83.33% (CI 95% 68,64%–93,03%). Probability of evolving to a THA in patients with radiographic preoperative Tonnis grades 0 and I was of 0% (CI 95%: 0–12.77). Probability of evolving to a THA in patients with preoperative Tonnis grades II and III was 46,67% (CI 95%21.27%–73,41%). A statistically significant difference was present between both groups (p= 0.002). Patients older than 45 years at the time of hip arthroscopy were at significant risk of evolving to a THA (p=0.0012). Excluding those patients who undergone a THA: modified HHS was 88.25 points (80–96) and radiographic analysis addressed a 14,29% (IC95% 4,81%–30,26%) of progressive degenerative changes without affecting clinical results. Conclusions Hip arthroscopy for the treatment of patients with FAI syndrome showed favorable results regarding joint preservation. Patients with preoperative radiographic evidence of advanced-stage osteoarthritis and those older than 45 years at the time of surgery have higher risk of requiring THA

  16. Incidence, characteristics, and long-term follow-up of sternoclavicular injuries: An epidemiologic analysis of 92 cases.

    PubMed

    Boesmueller, Sandra; Wech, Margit; Tiefenboeck, Thomas M; Popp, Domenik; Bukaty, Adam; Huf, Wolfgang; Fialka, Christian; Greitbauer, Manfred; Platzer, Patrick

    2016-02-01

    The majority of published studies concerning sternoclavicular injuries are case series or systematic reviews. Prospective studies on the subject are hindered by the low incidence of these lesions. The aims of the present study were to provide an overview of this rare entity compared with those described in the literature and to present the long-term clinical outcome. We performed a retrospective data analysis of all sternoclavicular injuries treated at a single Level I trauma center from 1992 to 2011. Long-term clinical outcome was assessed using the ASES [American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons], SST [Simple Shoulder Test], UCLA [University of California-Los Angeles] Shoulder Scale, and VAS [Visual Analog Scale] at latest follow-up. We detected an overall incidence of 0.9% of sternoclavicular injuries related to all shoulder-girdle lesions. Ninety-two patients (52 males and 40 females) with a mean (SD) age of 39.2 (19.5) years (median, 41 years; range, 4-92 years) were included in this study. The main trauma mechanism was fall. Classification was performed according to Allman, the time point of treatment after initial trauma, and the direction of the dislocation. Nine patients of the 15 Grade III lesions were treated conservatively by closed reduction and immobilization, while four patients were treated surgically by open reduction and internal fixation. Forty-nine percent of the patients were available for long-term follow-up at a median of 11.3 years (range, 5.3-22.6 years) with a mean ASES score of 96.21, SST score of 11.69, UCLA score of 31.89, and VAS score of 0.47. We found an overall incidence of 0.9% of sternoclavicular joint injuries related to all shoulder-girdle lesions and of 1.1% related to all dislocations, which is slightly lower compared with those described in the literature. Furthermore, we observed a high number of physeal sternoclavicular injuries with a percentage of 16% and overall good-to-excellent results at long-term follow-up. Epidemiologic

  17. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections as risk factors for cytological and histological abnormalities in baseline PAP smear-negative women followed-up for 2 years in the LAMS study.

    PubMed

    Gontijo, Renata C; Derchain, Sophie F M; Roteli-Martins, Cecilia; Bragança, Joana F; Sarian, Luis O; Morais, Sirlei S; Maeda, Marina Yoshie Sakamoto; Longatto-Filho, Adhemar; Syrjänen, Kari J

    2007-08-01

    To assess the role of HPV as determinant of the incident cytological abnormalities (SIL) and cervical lesions (CIN) during a 24-month follow-up of baseline PAP smear-negative subgroup of women included in the Latin American Screening study (LAMS). A group of 365 women with normal Pap smear and negative or positive high-risk Hybrid Capture II test were prospectively followed-up for 24 months at Campinas and São Paulo (Brazil). The incidence rate (IR) and risk ratio (RR and 95% CI) of developing cytological or histological abnormality during the follow-up was calculated for HPV-negative and HPV-positive women. During the 12-month follow-up, women HPV-positive at baseline had developed a significantly higher rate of incident LSIL (IR=3.5%, RR=1.4; 95% CI 1.1-1.7) and HSIL (IR=0.7%, RR=1.5; 95% CI 1.4-1.7) abnormality. For HSIL, the IR increased to 2.1% and the RR increased to 1.7 (95% CI 1.5-1.9) among those followed for 24 months. Similarly, women with positive HPV tests were at a higher risk of developing CIN 2-3 (IR=2.6%, RR=1.5; 95% CI 1.4-1.6) during the first 12 months of follow-up, and for those followed for 24 months, this RR increased further to 1.7 (95% CI 1.5-1.9) although the IR was 0.7%. Oncogenic HPV infections comprise a significant risk factor for incident cervical abnormalities, and HPV test is a useful adjunct to cytology in detecting the high-risk patients among baseline PAP smear-negative women.

  18. Applied behaviour analysis and standard treatment in intellectual disability: 2-year outcomes.

    PubMed

    Hassiotis, Angela; Canagasabey, Anton; Robotham, Daniel; Marston, Louise; Romeo, Renee; King, Michael

    2011-06-01

    Applied behaviour analysis by a specialist team plus standard treatment for adults with intellectual disability displaying challenging behaviour was reported to be clinically and cost-effective after 6 months. In a 2-year follow-up of the same trial cohort, participants receiving the specialist intervention had significantly lower total and subdomain Aberrant Behavior Checklist scores than those receiving usual care alone. After adjustment for baseline covariates there was no significant difference in costs between the trial arms.

  19. Changes in Disease Failure Risk of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma over Time: Analysis of 749 Patients with Long-Term Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Xu; Tang, Ling-Long; Du, Xiao-Jing; Li, Wen-Fei; Chen, Lei; Zhou, Guan-Qun; Guo, Rui; Liu, Qing; Sun, Ying; Ma, Jun

    2017-01-01

    Background: The changes in the risk of disease failure over time in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains unknown. Methods: We analyzed 749 patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy in a single center. The annual hazard rates of disease failure (recurrence or death from any cause) were estimated using the life-table method. Results: In total, 41 (5.5%), 22 (2.9%) and 129 (17.2%) patients developed local, regional and distant recurrences, respectively; 149 (19.9%) patients died. Of the 600 patients who were alive at the last follow-up, 496 (82.7%) had follow-up times longer than 6 years. The 6-year failure-free survival rate was 74.8%. Older age (> 50 years) and advanced stage (Ⅲ-ⅣB) were independent risk factors for disease failure in multivariate analysis. The hazard curve for failure risk in the whole cohort showed a sharp peak at 2 years, changed to a gradually decreasing plateau between years 3 and 5 and then declined sharply. Subgroup analyses revealed similar hazard curves in both sexes. However, the patterns of hazard curve significantly differed between high-risk (> 50 years or stage Ⅲ-ⅣB) and low-risk (≤ 50 years or stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ) patients. Interpretation: The failure hazard rate in NPC didn't decline in a linear manner, but displayed a sharp peak at 2 years. The patterns of hazard function significantly differed between patients with different age and stage. Further studies are warranted to confirm our results. PMID:28261347

  20. A qualitative analysis of Emergency Department physicians' practices and perceptions in relation to test result follow-up.

    PubMed

    Callen, Joanne; Georgiou, Andrew; Prgomet, Mirela; Paoloni, Richard; Westbrook, Johanna

    2010-01-01

    Follow-up of abnormal test results for discharged Emergency Department (ED) patients is a critical safety issue. This study aimed to explore ED physicians' perceptions, practices, and suggestions for improvements of test result follow-up when using an electronic provider order entry system to order all laboratory and radiology tests and view results. Interviews were conducted with seven ED physicians and one clinical information system support person. Interviews were analyzed to elicit key concepts relating to physicians' perceptions of test result follow-up and how the process could be improved. Results described the current electronic test result follow-up system with two paper-based manual back-up systems for microbiology and radiology results. The key issues for physicians were: responsibility for test follow-up; the unique ED environment and time pressures, and the role of the family physician in test result follow-up. The key suggestion for improvement was a complete integrated electronic information system with on-line result endorsement. The study highlighted the complexity of the test result follow-up process and the importance of engaging clinicians in devising solutions for improvements.

  1. Long-term follow-up of 124 patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis: Statistical analysis of prognostic factors.

    PubMed

    Ishizuka, Mariko; Watanabe, Ryu; Ishii, Tomonori; Machiyama, Tomoaki; Akita, Kanae; Fujita, Yoko; Shirota, Yuko; Fujii, Hiroshi; Harigae, Hideo

    2016-01-01

    The aims of this study were to clarify the long-term outcome of patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and to elucidate prognostic factors using statistical analysis. We enrolled patients with PM/DM who visited our department between 1990 and 2014. Diagnoses of PM/DM and clinically amyopathic DM were based on the definitions of Bohan and Peter, and Sontheimer, respectively. We also obtained clinical data, such as age of onset, sex, medications, and presence of interstitial lung disease and malignancies, as well as laboratory tests, including the values of creatine kinase, KL-6, and ferritin. The follow-up was conducted until June 2014. A total of 124 patients (PM: 46, DM: 78) were enrolled. The mean age of onset was 53.5 years, and females were predominant (64.5%). Overall survival rates were 93%, 86%, and 78% for 1, 5, and 10 years, respectively. The survival rates were significantly lower in patients with higher age of onset, with malignancies, and with hyperferritinemia in univariate analysis; however, multivariate analysis identified age of onset and serum ferritin as the most significant prognostic factors. Our study indicates that when age of onset and serum ferritin are used in combination, we can predict prognosis of patients with PM/DM.

  2. Predictors for papillary thyroid cancer persistence and recurrence: a retrospective analysis with a 10-year follow-up cohort study.

    PubMed

    de Castro, Taciana Padilha; Waissmann, William; Simões, Taynãna César; de Mello, Rossana Corbo R; Carvalho, Denise P

    2016-09-01

    We aimed to determine outcome predictors of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) persistence and recurrence, separately. The factors contributing to either persistence or recurrence of PTC are poorly defined, as both outcomes are usually evaluated together. In this 10-year follow-up cohort study, 190 PTC patients were evaluated (18-85 years old; registered from 1 January 1990 to31 December 1999 at a Brazilian Cancer Care referral Hospital). After initial surgery, we examined persistence (disease detected up to 1 year), recurrence (disease detected after 1 year) and PTC-free status (disease absence during follow-up). Outcome predictors were modelled using multinomial logit regression analysis. The univariate analysis showed that persistence and recurrence were significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (OR = 12·33; OR = 2·84, respectively), local aggressiveness (OR = 5·22; OR = 3·35) and extrathyroidal extension (OR = 5·07; OR = 7·11). Persistence was associated with male sex (OR = 3·49), age above 45 years old at diagnosis (OR = 1·03), macroscopic lymph node metastasis (OR = 5·85), local aggressiveness (OR = 5·22), each 1-cm tumour size increase (OR = 1·34), a cancer care referral hospital as the place of initial surgery (OR = 2·3), thyroidectomy or near total thyroidectomy(OR = 3·03) and neck dissection (OR = 3·19). Recurrence was associated with the time of radioactive iodine ((131) I) therapy (OR = 3·71). After data modelling, persistence was associated with macroscopic lymph node metastasis (OR = 6·17), 1-cm increases in tumour size (OR = 1·30) and thyroidectomy or near total thyroidectomy (OR = 3·82), while recurrence was associated with surgery at referral hospital (OR = 3·79). The best predictors of persistence were tumour size and macroscopic lymph node metastasis; when the initial surgery is of quality, the recurrence depends more on tumour's biology aspects. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Analysis of the quality of care in surgical treatment of colorectal cancer: national study. Follow-up results.

    PubMed

    Rodriguez-Cuellar, Elias; Nevado García, Cristina; Casanova Duran, Virginia; Romero Simó, Manuel; Duran Poveda, Manuel; Ruiz Lopez, Pedro

    2014-01-01

    Using the cases included in the Study on the quality of care in colorectal cancer conducted by the Spanish Association of Surgeons in 2008, we present follow-up data. Multicenter, descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study of patients operated on a scheduled basis of colorectal cancer. 35 hospitals have contributed data on 334 patients. Follow-up data: survival, recurrence and complications. Mean follow-up was 28.61±11.32 months. Follow-up by surgeon: 69.2%, tumor recurrence 23.6%, in 83.3% it was systemic; 28.2% underwent salvage surgery. Overall survival was 76.6%, disease-free survival 65.6% (26.49±11.90 months). Tumor related mortality was 12,6%. Percentage of ventral hernias was 5.8%, intestinal obstruction 3.5%. Quality and results of follow-up of patients operated on for CRC in Spain are similar to those reported in the Scientific literature. Areas for improvement: follow-up, earlier diagnosis, increase adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatments and total mesorectal excision as standard surgery for rectal cancer. Copyright © 2013 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  4. An Investigation on Micro-Raman Spectra and Wavelet Data Analysis for Pemphigus Vulgaris Follow-up Monitoring.

    PubMed

    Camerlingo, Carlo; Zenone, Flora; Perna, Giuseppe; Capozzi, Vito; Cirillo, Nicola; Gaeta, Giovanni Maria; Lepore, Maria

    2008-06-01

    A wavelet multi-component decomposition algorithm has been used for data analysis of micro-Raman spectra of blood serum samples from patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris at different stages. Pemphigus is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a potentially fatal outcome. Spectra were measured by means of a Raman confocal microspectrometer apparatus using the 632.8 nm line of a He-Ne laser source. A discrete wavelet transform decomposition method has been applied to the recorded Raman spectra in order to overcome problems related to low-level signals and the presence of noise and background components due to light scattering and fluorescence. This numerical data treatment can automatically extract quantitative information from the Raman spectra and makes more reliable the data comparison. Even if an exhaustive investigation has not been done in this work, the feasibility of the follow-up monitoring of pemphigus vulgaris pathology has been clearly proved with useful implications for the clinical applications.

  5. An Investigation on Micro-Raman Spectra and Wavelet Data Analysis for Pemphigus Vulgaris Follow-up Monitoring

    PubMed Central

    Camerlingo, Carlo; Zenone, Flora; Perna, Giuseppe; Capozzi, Vito; Cirillo, Nicola; Gaeta, Giovanni Maria; Lepore, Maria

    2008-01-01

    A wavelet multi-component decomposition algorithm has been used for data analysis of micro-Raman spectra of blood serum samples from patients affected by pemphigus vulgaris at different stages. Pemphigus is a chronic, autoimmune, blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes with a potentially fatal outcome. Spectra were measured by means of a Raman confocal microspectrometer apparatus using the 632.8 nm line of a He-Ne laser source. A discrete wavelet transform decomposition method has been applied to the recorded Raman spectra in order to overcome problems related to low-level signals and the presence of noise and background components due to light scattering and fluorescence. This numerical data treatment can automatically extract quantitative information from the Raman spectra and makes more reliable the data comparison. Even if an exhaustive investigation has not been done in this work, the feasibility of the follow-up monitoring of pemphigus vulgaris pathology has been clearly proved with useful implications for the clinical applications. PMID:27879899

  6. Impact of newborn follow-up visit timing on subsequent ED visits and hospital readmissions: an instrumental variable analysis.

    PubMed

    O'Donnell, Heather C; Colman, Gregory; Trachtman, Rebecca A; Velazco, Nerissa; Racine, Andrew D

    2014-01-01

    To determine whether newborn first outpatient visit (FOV) within 3 days of discharge is associated with reduced rates of emergency department (ED) visits and hospital readmissions. Retrospective cohort analysis was performed of all newborns who were born and had outpatient follow-up within a large academic medical center to determine whether they had ED visits or hospital readmission within 2 weeks after hospital discharge. Multivariable regression using an instrumental variable for timing of FOV was conducted to estimate the relationship between FOV within 3 days of discharge and ED visits and hospital readmissions within 2 weeks of discharge, adjusting for potential confounders. Stratified analyses assessed this relationship in subpopulations with medical or social risk factors. Of 3282 newborns, 178 (5%) had 1 or more ED visits or hospital readmissions within 2 weeks of hospital discharge. FOV within 3 days was not significantly associated with ED visits and readmissions in the instrumental variable analysis (IVA) (-0.035, P = .11) or the ordinary least squares analysis (OLS) (0.006, P = .52). The difference in coefficients between these analyses, however, suggests that IVA successfully adjusted for some unmeasured bias. In stratified analyses, only newborns born to African American mothers or discharged by family medicine providers demonstrated a significant relationship between FOV within 3 days and reduced odds of ED visits and readmissions. No significant relationship between outpatient visit timing and ED visits and hospital readmissions was found. Further study is needed to assess the impact of early outpatient visits on other newborn outcomes. Copyright © 2014 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Open access follow-up care for early breast cancer: a randomised controlled quality of life analysis.

    PubMed

    Kirshbaum, M N; Dent, J; Stephenson, J; Topping, A E; Allinson, V; McCoy, M; Brayford, S

    2017-07-01

    This study evaluated the acceptability of a supportive model of follow-up. One hundred and twelve women recovering from breast cancer were randomised to receive standard breast clinic aftercare (Control n = 56) or on demand by open access aftercare by breast care nurses (Intervention n = 56). Participants attended a support-based psycho-educational programme delivered in four half-day group sessions. Three quality of life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-BR23, HADS) were administered at baseline and 6-monthly intervals for 2 years. Multilevel linear regression modelling methods were used for evaluation. Age was found to be a statistically significant predictor of quality of life in several sub-scales. Increasing age was negatively associated with sexual functioning, systematic therapy side effects and physical functioning, and positively associated with future perspective. Aftercare assignment was not found to be a statistically significant predictor. Women treated for early breast cancer were not disadvantaged by allocation to the open access supportive care model in terms of quality of life experienced. The model for follow-up was demonstrated to be a feasible alternative to routinised hospital-based follow-up and adds to the evidence for stratified follow-up for low-risk cancer patients, incorporating self-management education. Stratified follow-up pathways are viewed as a preferable approach. © 2016 The Authors. European Journal of Cancer Care Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. Two-Year Follow Up After Surgical Versus Percutaneous Paravalvular Leak Closure: A Non-Randomized Analysis.

    PubMed

    Angulo-Llanos, Rocío; Sarnago-Cebada, Fernando; Rivera, Allan R; Elízaga Corrales, Jaime; Cuerpo, Gregorio; Solis, Jorge; Gutierrez-Ibañes, Enrique; Sanz-Ruiz, Ricardo; Vázquez Álvarez, M E; Fernandez-Avilés, Francisco

    2016-10-01

    Percutaneous closure of paravalvular leak (PVL) has emerged as an alternative treatment. Predictors of survival and procedural success are unknown. To review our experience in the treatment of PVL and evaluate efficacy, mortality, predictors of success, and outcomes. Retrospective review of percutaneous PVL procedures between years 2008 and 2014. Survival and results were compared with a control cohort of surgical patients. Percutaneous closure was attempted in 51 patients. The surgical group had 36 patients. Defects were perimitral in 67 patients (77%). Mean follow-up (FU) was 784.5 days. After propensity score analysis in-hospital mortality was higher in the surgical group (30.6% vs. 9.8%, OR 6, P 0.01). Clinical improvement was higher in the percutaneous group (71.4% vs. 36.4%, P 0.002). Multivariate analysis showed normal creatinine (OR 15, P < 0.001) as independent predictor of clinical improvement. For the composite end-point of all-cause mortality or readmission, older age (OR 10.7, P 0.001), renal failure, (OR 18, P < 0.01), poor functional class and the absence of clinical improvement (OR 3.9, P < 0.001) were related with a higher risk. There were no differences in survival free from the composite end-point according to the treatment received (surgical or percutaneous). Percutaneous PVL closure has a reasonable rate of success and low complication rates, and results compare favorably with surgical treatment. Older patients and those with poor functional class or renal failure (RF) showed a worse prognosis even after a successful closure. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Stratified analysis of 800 Asian patients after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy with a median 64 months of follow up.

    PubMed

    Abdel Raheem, Ali; Kim, Dae Keun; Santok, Glen Denmer; Alabdulaali, Ibrahim; Chung, Byung Ha; Choi, Young Deuk; Rha, Koon Ho

    2016-09-01

    To report the 5-year oncological outcomes of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy from the largest series ever reported from Asia. A retrospective analysis of 800 Asian patients who were treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy from July 2005 to May 2010 in the Department of Urology and Urological Science Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea was carried out. The primary end-point was to evaluate the biochemical recurrence. The secondary end-point was to show the biochemical recurrence-free survival, metastasis-free survival and cancer-specific survival. A total of 197 (24.65%), 218 (27.3%), and 385 (48.1%) patients were classified as low-, intermediate- and high-risk patients according to the D'Amico risk stratification risk criteria, respectively. The median follow-up period was 64 months (interquartile range 28-71 months). The overall incidence of positive surgical margin was 36.6%. There was biochemical recurrence in 183 patients (22.9%), 38 patients (4.8%) developed distant metastasis and 24 patients (3%) died from prostate cancer. Actuarial biochemical recurrence-free survival, metastasis-free survival, and cancer-specific survival rates at 5 years were 76.4%, 94.6% and 96.7%, respectively. Positive lymph node was associated with lower 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival (9.1%), cancer-specific survival (75.7%) and metastasis-free survival (61.9%) rates (P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, among all the predictors, positive lymph node was the strongest predictor of biochemical recurrence, cancer-specific survival and metastasis-free survival (P < 0.001). Herein we report the largest robot-assisted radical prostatectomy series from Asia. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy is confirmed to be an oncologically safe procedure that is able to provide effective 5-year cancer control, even in patients with high-risk disease. © 2016 The Japanese Urological Association.

  10. Psychiatrists' follow-up of identified metabolic risk: a mixed-method analysis of outcomes and influences on practice

    PubMed Central

    Patterson, Sue; Freshwater, Kathleen; Goulter, Nicole; Ewing, Julie; Leamon, Boyd; Choudhary, Anand; Moudgil, Vikas; Emmerson, Brett

    2016-01-01

    Aims and method To describe and explain psychiatrists' responses to metabolic abnormalities identified during screening. We carried out an audit of clinical records to assess rates of monitoring and follow-up practice. Semi-structured interviews with 36 psychiatrists followed by descriptive and thematic analyses were conducted. Results Metabolic abnormalities were identified in 76% of eligible patients screened. Follow-up, recorded for 59%, was variable but more likely with four or more abnormalities. Psychiatrists endorse guidelines but ambivalence about responsibility, professional norms, resource constraints and skills deficits as well as patient factors influences practice. Therapeutic optimism and desire to be a ‘good doctor’ supported comprehensive follow-up. Clinical implications Psychiatrists are willing to attend to physical healthcare, and obstacles to recommended practice are surmountable. Psychiatrists seek consensus among stakeholders about responsibilities and a systemic approach addressing the social determinants of health inequities. Understanding patients' expectations is critical to promoting best practice. PMID:27752343

  11. Arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with remplissage technique for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability with engaging Hill-Sachs lesion: a report of 49 cases with a minimum 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yi-Ming; Lu, Yi; Zhang, Jin; Shen, Jie-Wei; Jiang, Chun-Yan

    2011-08-01

    Engaging Hill-Sachs lesions are known to be a risk factor for recurrence dislocation after arthroscopic repair in patients with anterior shoulder instability. For a large engaging Hill-Sachs lesion, arthroscopic remplissage is a solution. Arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with the Hill-Sachs remplissage technique can achieve good results without significant impairment of shoulder function. Case Series; Level of evidence, 4. Forty-nine consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair and Hill-Sachs remplissage for anterior shoulder instability were followed up for a mean duration of 29.0 months (range, 24-35 months). There were 42 males and 7 females with a mean age of 28.4 years (range, 16.7-54.7 years). All patients had diagnosed traumatic unidirectional anterior shoulder instability with a bony lesion of glenoid and an engaging Hill-Sachs lesion. Physical examination, radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging were performed during postoperative follow-up. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, Constant score, and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder function. The active forward elevation increased a mean of 8.0° (range, -10° to 80°) postoperatively. However, the patients lost 1.9° (range, -40° to 30°) of external rotation to the side. Significant improvement was detected with regard to the ASES score (84.7 vs 96.0, P < .001), Constant score (93.3 vs 97.8, P = .005), and Rowe score (36.8 vs 89.8, P < .001).There were 1 redislocation, 2 subluxations, and 1 patient with a positive apprehension test; the overall failure rate was 8.2% (4 of 49). Successful healing of the infraspinatus tendon within the Hill-Sachs lesion was shown by magnetic resonance imaging. Arthroscopic Bankart repair combined with Hill-Sachs remplissage can restore shoulder stability without significant impairment of shoulder function in patients with engaging Hill-Sachs lesions.

  12. Comparative Efficacy and Durability of Continuation Phase Cognitive Therapy for Preventing Recurrent Depression: Design of a Double-Blinded, Fluoxetine- and Pill-Placebo–Controlled, Randomized Trial with 2-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Thase, Michael E.

    2010-01-01

    Background Major depressive disorder (MDD) is highly prevalent and associated with disability and chronicity. Although cognitive therapy (CT) is an effective short-term treatment for MDD, a significant proportion of responders subsequently suffer relapses or recurrences. Purpose This design prospectively evaluates: 1) a method to discriminate CT-treated responders at lower versus higher risk for relapse; and 2) the subsequent durability of 8-month continuation phase therapies in randomized higher risk responders followed for an additional 24-months. The primary prediction is: after protocol treatments are stopped, higher risk patients randomly assigned to continuation phase CT (C-CT) will have a lower risk of relapse/recurrence than those randomized to fluoxetine (FLX). Methods Outpatients, aged 18 to 70 years, with recurrent MDD received 12–14 weeks of CT provided by 15 experienced therapists from two sites. Responders (i.e., no MDD and 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression ≤ 12) were stratified into higher and lower risk groups based on stability of remission during the last 6 weeks of CT. The lower risk group entered follow-up for 32 months; the higher risk group was randomized to 8 months of continuation phase therapy with either C-CT or clinical management plus either double-blinded FLX or pill placebo. Following the continuation phase, higher risk patients were followed by blinded evaluators for 24 months. Results The trial began in 2000. Enrollment is complete (N=523). The follow-up continues. Conclusions The trial evaluates the preventive effects and durability of acute and continuation phase treatments in the largest known sample of CT responders collected worldwide. PMID:20451668

  13. Age 2: Findings from the 2-Year-Old Follow-Up of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-043

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulligan, Gail M.; Flanagan, Kristin Denton

    2006-01-01

    This E.D. TAB is the first report produced using data from the second round of data collection for the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a study of a nationally representative sample of children born in the year 2001. The report provides descriptive information about these children when they were about 2 years old. It…

  14. Effects of Miniscalpel-Needle Release on Chronic Neck Pain: A Retrospective Analysis with 12-Month Follow-Up

    PubMed Central

    Li, Shuming; Shen, Tong; Liang, Yongshan; Zhang, Ying; Bai, Bo

    2015-01-01

    Objective Chronic neck pain is a highly prevalent condition, and is often treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Limited clinical studies with short-term follow-up have shown promising efficacy of acupuncture as well as miniscalpel-needle (MSN) release. In this retrospective study, we examined whether MSN release could produce long-lasting relief in patients with chronic neck pain. Methods We retrieved the medical records of all patients receiving weekly MSN release treatment for chronic neck pain at this institution during a period from May 2012 to December 2013. Only cases with the following information at prior to, and 1, 6, and 12 months after the treatment, were included in the analysis: neck disability index (NDI), numerical pain rating scale (NPRS), and active cervical range of motion (CROM). The primary analysis of interest is comparison of the 12-month measures with the baseline. Patients who took analgesic drugs or massage within 2 weeks prior to assessment were excluded from the analysis. For MSN release, tender points were identified manually by an experienced physician, and did not necessarily follow the traditional acupuncture system. MSN was inserted vertically (parallel to the spine) until breaking through resistance and patient reporting of distention, soreness or heaviness. The depth of the needling ranged from 10 to 50 mm. The release was carried out by moving the MSN up and down 3–5 times without rotation. Results A total of 559 cases (patients receiving weekly MSN release treatment for chronic neck pain) were screened. The number of cases with complete information (NDI, NPRS, and CROM at baseline, 1, 6 and 12 months after last treatment) was 180. After excluding the cases with analgesic treatment or massage within 2 weeks of assessment (n = 53), a total of 127 cases were included in data analysis. The number of MSN release session was 7 (range: 4–11). At 12 months after the treatment, both NPRS and NDI were significantly lower

  15. Comprehensive histologic analysis of interstitial lipolysis with the 1444 nm wavelength during a 3-month follow-up.

    PubMed

    Lim, S D; Youn, J-I; Kim, W-S; Kim, I-H; Hwang, T S; Han, H S; Yeo, U-C

    2011-11-01

    A number of near-infrared wavelengths have been proposed and studied for laser lipolysis, but the histologic evaluation of tissue response to laser lipolysis during long-term follow-up has been lacking. A 1444 nm Nd:YAG laser with better absorption in both fat and water has recently attracted attention. The present study was designed to investigate the comprehensive histopathology of 1444 nm Nd:YAG laser-assisted lipolysis at different energy levels during a 3-month follow-up. Laser lipolysis was performed on porcine fat tissue in vivo using a 1444 nm Nd:YAG laser (AccuSculpt®, Lutronic Corporation, Ilsan, Republic of Korea) and the total energies delivered interstitially to 10x10 cm² areas were 750 J, 1500 J, 2250 J, 3000 J, 3750 J, 4500 J, and 5250 J. Biopsy samples were taken and histologically analyzed immediately after biopsy and at 1, 2, 4, and 12 weeks postoperatively. With a fluence setting above 3000J/100 cm², inflammation was severe and remained by the 3-month follow-up, resulting in severe scarring of the fat tissue. Below this energy level, mild lobular inflammation in the early phase biopsy had resolved with no scarring by the 3-month follow-up. No histologic changes in the epidermis or dermal connective tissue were present. This study suggested that controlling the energy level is important for clinical applications of laser lipolysis with no significant complications.

  16. Is the radiographic subsidence of stand-alone cages associated with adverse clinical outcomes after cervical spine fusion? An observational cohort study with 2-year follow-up outcome scoring.

    PubMed

    Zajonz, Dirk; Franke, Anne-Catherine; von der Höh, Nicolas; Voelker, Anna; Moche, Michael; Gulow, Jens; Heyde, Christoph-Eckhard

    2014-01-01

    The stand-alone treatment of degenerative cervical spine pathologies is a proven method in clinical practice. However, its impact on subsidence, the resulting changes to the profile of the cervical spine and the possible influence of clinical results compared to treatment with additive plate osteosynthesis remain under discussion until present. This study was designed as a retrospective observational cohort study to test the hypothesis that radiographic subsidence of cervical cages is not associated with adverse clinical outcomes. 33 cervical segments were treated surgically by ACDF with stand-alone cage in 17 patients (11 female, 6 male), mean age 56 years (33-82 years), and re-examined after eight and twenty-six months (mean) by means of radiology and score assessment (Medical Outcomes Study Short Form (MOS-SF 36), Oswestry Neck Disability Index (ONDI), painDETECT questionnaire and the visual analogue scale (VAS)). Subsidence was observed in 50.5% of segments (18/33) and 70.6% of patients (12/17). 36.3% of cases of subsidence (12/33) were observed after eight months during mean time of follow-up 1. After 26 months during mean time of follow-up 2, full radiographic fusion was seen in 100%. MOS-SF 36, ONDI and VAS did not show any significant difference between cases with and without subsidence in the two-sample t-test. Only in one type of scoring (painDETECT questionnaire) did a statistically significant difference in t-Test emerge between the two groups (p = 0.03; α = 0.05). However, preoperative painDETECT score differ significantly between patients with subsidence (13.3 falling to 12.6) and patients without subsidence (7.8 dropped to 6.3). The radiological findings indicated 100% healing after stand-alone treatment with ACDF. Subsidence occurred in 50% of the segments treated. No impact on the clinical results was detected in the medium-term study period.

  17. Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in breast cancer patients with a family history: a prospective 2-years follow-up study of health related quality of life, sexuality and body image.

    PubMed

    Unukovych, Dmytro; Sandelin, Kerstin; Liljegren, Annelie; Arver, Brita; Wickman, Marie; Johansson, Hemming; Brandberg, Yvonne

    2012-11-01

    Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) is the most effective option to prevent the occurrence of a second breast cancer in hereditary breast cancer patients. This study aimed to prospectively evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQoL), anxiety and depression, sexuality and body image in breast cancer patients with a family history undergoing CPM with immediate breast reconstruction. In total, 60 of 69 eligible patients agreed to participate in the study. Four validated questionnaires were used: the SF-36, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD), the Body Image Scale (BIS), and the Sexual Activity Questionnaire (SAQ). Forty-five patients (75%) responded before CPM, 49 (82%) at 6 months, and 45 (75%) at 2 years after CPM. Overall, the patients showed a satisfactory HRQoL 2 years after CPM, similar to women in the general population. There were no differences in HRQoL, anxiety, depression or sexuality before and after CPM. However, more than half of the women reported at least one body image problem 2 years postoperatively. No adverse effects on HRQoL, anxiety, depression or sexuality were observed. However, some aspects of body image were negatively affected after CPM. These findings could be used in preoperative counselling of breast cancer patients opting for CPM. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Shared care or nurse consultations as an alternative to rheumatologist follow-up for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) outpatients with stable low disease-activity RA: cost-effectiveness based on a 2-year randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Sørensen, J; Primdahl, J; Horn, H C; Hørslev-Petersen, K

    2015-01-01

    To compare the cost-effectiveness of three types of follow-up for outpatients with stable low-activity rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In total, 287 patients were randomized to either planned rheumatologist consultations, shared care without planned consultations, or planned nurse consultations. Effectiveness measures included disease activity (Disease Activity Score based on 28 joint counts and C-reactive protein, DAS28-CRP), functional status (Health Assessment Questionnaire, HAQ), and health-related quality of life (EuroQol EQ-5D). Cost measures included activities in outpatient clinics and general practice, prescription and non-prescription medicine, dietary supplements, other health-care resources, and complementary and alternative care. Measures of effectiveness and costs were collected by self-reported questionnaires at inclusion and after 12 and 24 months. Incremental cost-effectiveness rates (ICERs) were estimated in comparison with rheumatologist consultations. Changes in disease activity, functional status, and health-related quality of life were not statistically significantly different for the three groups, although the mean scores were better for the shared care and nurse care groups compared with the rheumatologist group. Shared care and nurse care were non-significantly less costly than rheumatologist care. As both shared care and nurse care were associated with slightly better EQ-5D improvements and lower costs, they dominated rheumatologist care. At EUR 10,000 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) threshold, shared care and nurse care were cost-effective with more than 90% probability. Nurse care was cost-effective in comparison with shared care with 75% probability. Shared care and nurse care seem to cost less but provide broadly similar health outcomes compared with rheumatologist outpatient care. However, it is still uncertain whether nurse care and shared care are cost-effective in comparison with rheumatologist outpatient care.

  19. [Reduction mammaplasty with a superior pedicle - a retrospective 10-year follow-up analysis of 33 patients].

    PubMed

    Schratt, J; Binter, A; Rab, M

    2014-12-01

    Long-term results after reduction mammaplasty with a superior pedicle evaluating the postoperative sensibility, degree of breast ptosis and the patients' satisfaction are rarely found in the literature. This retrospective analysis answers the question whether the resection weight has an influence on the postoperative sensibility of the nipple-areola complex after reduction mammaplasty with a superior pedicle. 33 patients were enrolled in this retrospective study. Depending on the resection weight, the patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A (<500 g), Group B (500-1,000 g), Group C (>1,000 g). The following parameters were evaluated: age, comorbidities, sensibility of the breast (Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test), jugular notch-to-nipple distance, histological results, degree of ptosis, BMI (body mass index), preoperative physical complaints (visual analogue scale 1-10), postoperative patients' satisfaction based on a questionnaire created by the authors. Furthermore, the complications, corrective revisions and pregnancies were evaluated. The median age of the patients at the moment of examination was 51 years (range: 29-71). None of the patients had any relevant comorbidities. 97% of the patients complained about preoperative physical problems (visual analogue scale 3-10). Postoperative complications arose in 21% of the patients. Corrective revisions were necessary in 18% of the cases. 97% of the patients were very satisfied or satisfied with the result. With regard to the sensibility we found a reduction of sensibility especially in the inferior and lateral part of the areola. In the group B we recorded a ptosis of degree I in 3 patients. A pseudoptosis was found in 6 patients in particular in group B. Reduction mammaplasty with a superior pedicle turns out to be a reliable method with a high satisfaction of the patients after a follow-up of 10 years. These findings were independent from the resection weight. A reduced sensibility occurred especially

  20. [A retrospective analysis of our paclitaxel-eluting stent (Genius TAXCOR I) implantations and follow-up results].

    PubMed

    Kabakcı, Giray; Canpolat, Uğur; Ateş, Ahmet Hakan; Yorgun, Hikmet; Sunman, Hamza; Kaya, Ergün Barış; Dural, Muhammed; Aytemir, Kudret; Tokgözoğlu, Lale; Oto, Ali

    2011-12-01

    We evaluated our paclitaxel-eluting stent (Genius TAXCOR I) implantations and follow-up results in patients with coronary artery disease. The study included 101 patients (75 men, 26 women; mean age 60±10 years) who underwent elective paclitaxel-eluting stent deployment for de novo native coronary artery lesions. Sixteen patients received two stents. Lesion types were as follows: type A (23.9%), type B1 (29.1%), type B2 (32.5%), and type C (14.5%). Twelve lesions (10.3%) exhibited mild tortuosity, 32 (27.4%) had mild calcification, 12 had (10.3%) an angulation of more than 45 degrees, while eight (7.7%) had thrombus. Following stent implantation, the patients were examined at 1, 6, and 12 months, and annually thereafter. The mean follow-up period was 48.9±5.7 months (range 35 to 60 months). Stent implantation was successful in all the patients. The mean diameter stenosis was 82.8±9.9%, the mean stent diameter was 3.1±0.6 mm, and the mean stent length was 16.0±5.2 mm. During the follow-up period, 46 patients (45.5%) required coronary angiography, of which eight (17.4%) received target vessel revascularization, and four (8.7%) received target lesion revascularization. One patient (1.0%) died from sudden cardiac death. The clinical and angiographic follow-up results of this study involving relatively low- and intermediate-risk patients indicate that the use of the Genius TAXCOR I stents is effective and beneficial for the prevention of stent thrombosis and restenosis.

  1. Clinical characteristics and follow-up analysis of adult-onset Still's disease complicated by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yun; Yang, Yingyun; Bai, Yujia; Yang, Dan; Xiong, Yangyang; Zeng, Xuejun

    2016-05-01

    We evaluated clinical characteristics and prognosis for adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) complicated by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH). We retrospectively identified cases of AOSD with (n = 10) and without (n = 305) HLH complications. We reviewed their medical records, completed follow-up through outpatient clinic and telephone interviews, and analyzed their clinical symptoms, signs, laboratory test results, treatments, and prognosis. More AOSD patients with HLH developed hepatomegaly, bleeding, serositis, and neurologic symptoms than those without HLH, and they more commonly presented with leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, severe anemia, severe liver function abnormalities, decreased fibrinogen, elevated immunoglobulin, and bone marrow hemophagocytosis. The ten patients with AOSD complicated by HLH were treated with high-dose steroids or pulse steroid therapy, and eight of them also received cytotoxic drugs, while biological agents showed poor response. Follow-up results indicated that AOSD patients overall had good prognosis, while those with HLH showed worse prognosis, including higher relapse and readmission rates and increased mortality. In patients with AOSD, unexplained decreased blood cells, severe liver dysfunction, and/or hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow should be considered as signs of HLH complication. Patients with AOSD complicated by HLH have worse prognosis and higher relapse rates compared to AOSD patients without HLH complications. Thus, these patients should undergo frequent and careful follow-up.

  2. Good responsiveness with EuroQol 5-Dimension questionnaire and Short Form (36) Health Survey in 20-69 years old patients with a femoral neck fracture: A 2-year prospective follow-up study in 182 patients.

    PubMed

    Honkavaara, Niklas; Al-Ani, Amer N; Campenfeldt, Pierre; Ekström, Wilhelmina; Hedström, Margareta

    2016-08-01

    EQ-5D and SF-36 are two questionnaires used to measure health related quality of life (HRQoL). The responsiveness of these instruments has previously been evaluated in elderly populations with hip fracture but not in a younger population. The purpose was to evaluate the responsiveness of SF-36 and EQ-5D in a younger population with femoral neck fracture. 182 patients aged 20-69 were consecutively included. HRQoL was measured by EQ-5D and SF-36 at 4, 12 and 24 months. Pain and function were measured by Harris Hip Score (HHS) on the same occasions. The responsiveness of EQ-5D and SF-36 was evaluated by calculation of two effect sizes; standardized effect size (SES) and standardized response mean (SRM), and by analysing how changes in score correlated to changes in function and subjective state of health. External responsiveness was also evaluated by calculating receiver operating characteristic curve and area under the curve. SES was large at four months for both EQ-5D and SF-36 (1.09 and 0.83 respectively) and moderate at the 12- and 24-month follow-ups. The correlation between changes (4-24 months) in HHS and changes in HRQoL were 0.44 for EQ-5D and 0.37 for SF-36. EQ-5D and SF-36 were both more sensitive than HHS in their ability to predict subjective improvements after a hip fracture. The effect sizes and the ability to follow and predict the external standard indicates that both EQ-5D and SF-36 have good internal and external responsiveness in this younger population with femoral neck fracture. The generic HRQoL questionnaires were superior to a hip-specific instrument in predicting the patients' subjective feelings of an improved state of health. EQ-5D is simple to administer and shows similar responsiveness as SF-36 and may be sufficient to use as an outcome measure in clinical trials. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Extended follow-up and spatial analysis of the American Cancer Society study linking particulate air pollution and mortality.

    PubMed

    Krewski, Daniel; Jerrett, Michael; Burnett, Richard T; Ma, Renjun; Hughes, Edward; Shi, Yuanli; Turner, Michelle C; Pope, C Arden; Thurston, George; Calle, Eugenia E; Thun, Michael J; Beckerman, Bernie; DeLuca, Pat; Finkelstein, Norm; Ito, Kaz; Moore, D K; Newbold, K Bruce; Ramsay, Tim; Ross, Zev; Shin, Hwashin; Tempalski, Barbara

    2009-05-01

    We conducted an extended follow-up and spatial analysis of the American Cancer Society (ACS) Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II) cohort in order to further examine associations between long-term exposure to particulate air pollution and mortality in large U.S. cities. The current study sought to clarify outstanding scientific issues that arose from our earlier HEI-sponsored Reanalysis of the original ACS study data (the Particle Epidemiology Reanalysis Project). Specifically, we examined (1) how ecologic covariates at the community and neighborhood levels might confound and modify the air pollution-mortality association; (2) how spatial autocorrelation and multiple levels of data (e.g., individual and neighborhood) can be taken into account within the random effects Cox model; (3) how using land-use regression to refine measurements of air pollution exposure to the within-city (or intra-urban) scale might affect the size and significance of health effects in the Los Angeles and New York City regions; and (4) what exposure time windows may be most critical to the air pollution-mortality association. The 18 years of follow-up (extended from 7 years in the original study [Pope et al. 1995]) included vital status data for the CPS-II cohort (approximately 1.2 million participants) with multiple cause-of-death codes through December 31, 2000 and more recent exposure data from air pollution monitoring sites for the metropolitan areas. In the Nationwide Analysis, the influence of ecologic covariate data (such as education attainment, housing characteristics, and level of income; data obtained from the 1980 U.S. Census; see Ecologic Covariates sidebar on page 14) on the air pollution-mortality association were examined at the Zip Code area (ZCA) scale, the metropolitan statistical area (MSA) scale, and by the difference between each ZCA value and the MSA value (DIFF). In contrast to previous analyses that did not directly include ecologic covariates at the ZCA scale, risk

  4. Auditory-perceptual speech analysis in children with cerebellar tumours: a long-term follow-up study.

    PubMed

    De Smet, Hyo Jung; Catsman-Berrevoets, Coriene; Aarsen, Femke; Verhoeven, Jo; Mariën, Peter; Paquier, Philippe F

    2012-09-01

    Mutism and Subsequent Dysarthria (MSD) and the Posterior Fossa Syndrome (PFS) have become well-recognized clinical entities which may develop after resection of cerebellar tumours. However, speech characteristics following a period of mutism have not been documented in much detail. This study carried out a perceptual speech analysis in 24 children and adolescents (of whom 12 became mute in the immediate postoperative phase) 1-12.2 years after cerebellar tumour resection. The most prominent speech deficits in this study were distorted vowels, slow rate, voice tremor, and monopitch. Factors influencing long-term speech disturbances are presence or absence of postoperative PFS, the localisation of the surgical lesion and the type of adjuvant treatment. Long-term speech deficits may be present up to 12 years post-surgery. The speech deficits found in children and adolescents with cerebellar lesions following cerebellar tumour surgery do not necessarily resemble adult speech characteristics of ataxic dysarthria. Copyright © 2012 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Surgical outcome and midterm follow-up after transvaginal NOTES hybrid cholecystectomy: analysis of a prospective clinical series.

    PubMed

    Hensel, Mario; Schernikau, Utz; Schmidt, Axel; Arlt, Georg

    2011-03-01

    In the last 3 years transvaginal hybrid cholecystectomy (TV-ChE) has gained widespread interest as a potential alternative to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, substantial doubts about the transvaginal access and possibly associated complaints and complications have been raised. This was a prospective clinical series of 80 consecutive female patients, nonrandomly chosen and without a control group, who underwent a TV-ChE. All patients were evaluated with special regard to outcome data such as surgical complications and gynecological complaints. Perioperative clinical data were collected and a gynecological examination was performed 3 weeks after surgery as well as a follow-up survey 3 months after surgery. The TV-ChE was performed in all patients without conversion to laparoscopy or open surgery. Two surgical complications occurred (1 urinary bladder injury and 1 case of bleeding). No infections of the surgical wound or any other complications were seen in the gynecological follow-up examination 3 weeks after the operation. After a follow-up of 3 months, 4% of the patients under 50 years of age reported slight and temporary problems after transvaginal cholecystectomy (dyspareunia and episodes of unclear lower abdominal pain), whereas such phenomena were seen in about 9% of women over 50 years of age (P < .05). A 33-year-old woman became pregnant 3 weeks after the operation. TV-ChE is a safe and less invasive surgical technique. Doubts about this operating technique with regard to an increased risk of infection or surgical complications as well as subsequent gynecological problems seem to be unfounded.

  6. Two-year clinical follow-up of the Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in The Netherlands (MR CLEAN): design and statistical analysis plan of the extended follow-up study.

    PubMed

    van den Berg, Lucie A; Dijkgraaf, Marcel G W; Berkhemer, Olvert A; Fransen, Puck S S; Beumer, Debbie; Lingsma, Hester; Majoie, Charles B M; Dippel, Diederik W J; van der Lugt, Aad J; van Oostenbrugge, Robert J; van Zwam, Wim H; Roos, Yvo B W E M

    2016-11-22

    MR CLEAN was the first randomized trial to demonstrate the short-term clinical effectiveness of endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation. Several other trials confirmed that endovascular treatment improves clinical outcome at three months. However, limited data are available on long-term clinical outcome. We aimed to estimate the effect of endovascular treatment on functional outcome at two-year follow-up in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Secondly, we aimed to assess the effect of endovascular treatment on major vascular events and mortality during two years of follow-up. MR CLEAN is a multicenter clinical trial with randomized treatment allocation, open-label treatment, and blinded endpoint evaluation. Patients included were 18 years or older with acute ischemic stroke caused by a proven anterior proximal artery occlusion who could be treated within six hours after stroke onset. The intervention contrast was endovascular treatment and usual care versus no endovascular treatment and usual care. The current study extended the follow-up duration from three months to two years. The primary outcome is the score on the modified Rankin scale at two years. Secondary outcomes include all-cause mortality and the occurrence of major vascular events within two years of follow-up. The results of our study provide information on the long-term clinical effectiveness of endovascular treatment, which may have implications for individual treatment decisions and estimates of cost-effectiveness. NTR1804 . Registered on 7 May 2009; ISRCTN10888758 . Registered on 24 July 2012 (main MR CLEAN trial); NTR5073 . Registered on 26 February 2015 (extended follow-up study).

  7. Immediate rehabilitation of completely edentulous arches with a four-implant prosthesis concept in difficult conditions: an open cohort study with a mean follow-up of 2 years.

    PubMed

    Malo, Paulo; Nobre, Miguel de Araújo; Lopes, Armando

    2012-01-01

    There is a growing pressure in implant dentistry to perform implant rehabilitations in difficult conditions, such as fresh extraction sockets, periodontally compromised sites, or sites with low bone density and quantity that imply a high likelihood of dehiscences or fenestrations. The aim of this study was to document complete rehabilitations in both jaws through the so-called All-on-Four concept (ie, four implants with the posterior implants placed at an angle) using immediate function implants inserted in "nonideal" conditions (eg, implants inserted with dehiscences or fenestrations, in periodontally compromised sites, or in fresh extraction sockets). This prospective cohort study included patients with immediately functioning implants placed in difficult conditions to support fixed full-arch maxillary and mandibular prostheses. One hundred forty-two patients received 227 implants. A total of seven implants failed in six patients (three implants in three patients in the maxilla and four implants in three patients in the mandible), for cumulative patient and implant survival rates of 96.2% and 97.7% for the maxilla and 94.7% and 94.8% for the mandible, respectively, after 2 years (Kaplan-Meier). The average (standard deviation) peri-implant bone resorption after 1 year and 3 years in the maxilla was 1.3 mm (0.4 mm) and 1.6 mm (0.4 mm), respectively; in the mandible, the average (standard deviation) peri-implant bone resorption at 1 year and 5 years was 1.4 mm (0.3 mm) and 1.7 mm (0.6 mm), respectively. The results support the conclusion that the four-implant ("All-on-Four") immediate-function concept in completely edentulous maxillae and mandibles using implants inserted in difficult conditions is a viable concept in the short term.

  8. Single-level instrumented posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine with a local bone graft versus an iliac crest bone graft: a prospective, randomized study with a 2-year follow-up.

    PubMed

    Ohtori, Seiji; Suzuki, Miyako; Koshi, Takana; Takaso, Masashi; Yamashita, Masaomi; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Inoue, Gen; Suzuki, Munetaka; Orita, Sumihisa; Eguchi, Yawara; Ochiai, Nobuyasu; Kishida, Shunji; Kuniyoshi, Kazuki; Nakamura, Junichi; Aoki, Yasuchika; Ishikawa, Tetsuhiro; Arai, Gen; Miyagi, Masayuki; Kamoda, Hiroto; Toyone, Tomoaki; Takahashi, Kazuhisa

    2011-04-01

    The iliac crest bone grafting (ICBG) technique for lumbar posterolateral fusion surgery is widely used; however, donor site problems such as pain and sensory disturbance have been reported. Local bone is available for fusion surgery, but its reliability as a graft has not been fully reported. In the current study, we examined single-level instrumented posterolateral fusion with a local bone graft versus an ICBG in a prospective randomized study. Eighty-two patients diagnosed with L4 degenerated spondylolisthesis were divided into two groups at random. Forty-two patients underwent instrumented posterolateral fusion with a local bone graft (L4-L5 level), and 40 patients underwent instrumented posterolateral fusion with an ICBG (L4-L5 level). Rate and duration of bone union, visual analog scale (VAS) score, Japanese orthopedic association score (JOAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and complications were evaluated before and 2 years after therapy. VAS score, JOAS, and ODI were not significantly different between the two groups before and after surgery (P > 0.05). Rate and average duration of bone union were 90% and 8.5 months in the local bone graft group, and 85% and 7.7 months in the ICBG group, but without significant difference (P > 0.05). Prolonged surgical time and complications such as donor site pain (8 patients) and sensory disturbance (6 patients) were observed in the ICBG group. If single-level posterolateral fusion was performed, local bone graft technique has the same bone union rate compared with ICBG, requires less surgical time, and has fewer complications.

  9. Analysis of mortality and related factors in 2195 adult myasthenia gravis patients in a 10-year follow-up study.

    PubMed

    Liu, Chanchan; Wang, Qiong; Qiu, Zhandong; Lin, Jing; Chen, Bo; Li, Yue; Gui, Mengcui; Zhang, Min; Yang, Mingshan; Wang, Wei; Bu, Bitao

    2017-01-01

    To analyze the mortality and potential risk factors for death in myasthenia gravis (MG) patients. A total of 2195 adult patients with MG (aged older than 18 years) diagnosed during the period between 2003 and 2013 were followed-up and retrospectively reviewed. During the 10-year follow-up, 129 patients died and the total mortality rate was 5.88%. The risk factors associated with MG-related deaths were duration of the disease, occurrence of myasthenic crisis, severity of disease that included the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA) grade III and IV at onset, elevation of acetylcholine receptor antibody (AchR-abs) titers, presence of thymic pathology, and failure of administrating immunosuppressants (P < 0.05). In addition, the non-MG related factors, including the history of preceding strokes, and the presence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, and malignant tumors, were closely linked with death in the MG population (the hazard ratios [HRs] were 3.251, 4.173, 3.738, 3.886, 1.945, 2.177, and 14.7, respectively; P< 0.05). The severity of disease at entry, presence of AchRabs, thymic pathology, and duration of the disease predict a higher risk for death. Systemic illnesses including stroke, COPD, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidemia, myocardial infarction, and malignant tumor, which may also increase the risk of death, should be carefully monitored and managed.

  10. C-peptide immunoreactivity index is associated with improvement of HbA1c: 2-Year follow-up of sitagliptin use in patients with type 2 diabetes.

    PubMed

    Nishimura, Takeshi; Meguro, Shu; Sekioka, Risa; Tanaka, Karin; Saisho, Yoshifumi; Irie, Junichiro; Tanaka, Masami; Kawai, Toshihide; Itoh, Hiroshi

    2015-06-01

    This retrospective study aimed to determine the hypoglycaemic effect of 2 years of sitagliptin administration in terms of changes in HbA1c and C-peptide immunoreactivity (CPR) index (plasma CPR [ng/mL]/glucose [mg/dL]×100). The inclusion criteria for DPP-4 inhibitor-naive outpatients with type 2 diabetes (n=285) were: continuation of sitagliptin for ≥700 days from initial administration and measurement of HbA1c, serum CPR, and plasma glucose levels at 0, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after sitagliptin initiation. Logistic regression analyses determined the factors contributing to the response to sitagliptin, based on responder (ΔHbA1c ≤-0.4% [≤-4 mmol/mol]) and non-responder (ΔHbA1c >-0.4% [>-4 mmol/mol]) groups. The HbA1c level decreased and CPR index increased from baseline to 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after the start of sitagliptin administration (HbA1c: 7.4 ± 0.8% [57 ± 9 mmol/mol], 7.3 ± 0.9% [57 ± 9 mmol/mol], 7.4 ± 0.9% [58 ± 10 mmol/mol], 7.1 ± 0.8% [55 ± 9 mmol/mol], and 7.3 ± 0.9% [57 ± 10 mmol/mol], respectively, all P<0.001 vs. baseline [8.0 ± 1.0%, 64 ± 11 mmol/mol] and CPR index: 1.69 ± 0.96, 1.71 ± 1.10, 1.62 ± 0.96, 1.64 ± 0.92, and 1.66 ± 0.96, respectively, all P<0.05 vs. baseline [1.47 ± 0.81]). Higher baseline HbA1c level, shorter diabetes duration, and greater CPR index increase after sitagliptin administration were associated with the response to sitagliptin. Our results suggest that sitagliptin improves glycaemic control via an improved intrinsic insulin response. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. An 8-week brain MRI follow-up analysis of rat eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection.

    PubMed

    Shyu, L Y; Tsai, H H; Lin, D P; Chang, H H; Tyan, Y S; Weng, J C

    2014-09-01

    Early differential diagnosis and timely follow-up are advantageous in the management of Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection. This study aimed to characterize angiostrongyliasis in the rat brain for an 8-week period using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images (T1WI), T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), fluid attenuation inversion recovery (FLAIR) and R2 mapping sequences. The data were analysed with Mathematica and Matlab software programs for weekly changes in each brain following the infection of 20, 50, 100 and 300 third-stage larvae (L3), respectively. The results showed that the average subarachnoid space detected by T2WI technique was peaked up to 10% increase of original size on day 35 after 100 or 300 larvae infection, while those infected with 20 or 50 larvae showed less than 4% increase during the entire course of observation. This increase was relevant to the mortality of the infected rats, because those with 100 or 300 larvae infections showed a sharp decrease in survival rate before day 40. After day 40, the average subarachnoid space was decreased, but the average ventricle size was persistently increased, with the highest increase observed in the group infected with 300 larvae on day 56. Furthermore, the R2 mapping mean and R2 mapping size were significantly different between the brains with severe infection (100 and 300 larvae groups together) and those with mild infection (20 and 50 larvae groups together) on day 49, but not on day 35. Our results showed that diagnosis for different quantity of larvae infection using MRI is possible and follow-up characterization is informative in revealing the effects of angiostrongyliasis on different brain areas. In conclusion, our results support the use of MRI as a non-invasive diagnostic technique for eosinophilic meningitis caused by A. cantonensis infection. © 2013 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  12. Rituximab therapy for chonic and refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura: a long-term follow-up analysis

    PubMed Central

    Garcia-Chavez, Jaime; Montiel-Cervantes, Laura; Esparza, Miriam García-Ruiz; Vela-Ojeda, Jorge

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term response to rituximab in patients with chronic and refractory immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Adults with ITP fail to respond to conventional therapies in almost 30% of cases, developing a refractory disease. Rituximab has been successfully used in these patients. We used rituximab at 375 mg/m2, IV, weekly for a total of four doses in 18 adult patients. Complete remission (CR) was considered if the platelet count was >100 × 109/l, partial remission (PR) if platelets were >50 × 109/l, minimal response (MR) if the platelet count was >30 × 109/l and <50 × 109/l, and no response if platelet count remained unchanged. Response was classified as sustained (SR) when it was stable for a minimum of 6 months. Median age was 43.5 years (range, 17 to 70). Median platelet count at baseline was 12.5 × 109/l (range, 3.0 to 26.3). CR was achieved in five patients (28%), PR in five (28%), MR in four (22%), and two patients were classified as therapeutic failures (11%). Two additional patients were lost to follow-up. The median time between rituximab therapy and response was 14 weeks (range, 4 to 32). SR was achieved in 12 patients (67%). There were no severe adverse events during rituximab therapy. During follow-up (median, 26 months; range, 12 to 59), no other immunosuppressive drugs were used. In conclusion, rituximab therapy is effective and safe in adult patients with chronic and refractory ITP. Overall response rate achieved is high, long term, and with no risk of adverse events. PMID:17874322

  13. 10-year follow-up wear analysis of first-generation highly crosslinked polyethylene in primary total hip arthroplasty.

    PubMed

    Snir, Nimrod; Kaye, Ian D; Klifto, Christopher S; Hamula, Mathew J; Wolfson, Theodore S; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Jaffe, Fredrick F

    2014-03-01

    Our goal was to report a 10-year follow up of linear penetration rates for HCLPE, and to determine whether a difference exists between penetrations measured on pelvis or hip anterior-posterior radiographs. We reviewed 48 total hip arthroplasties where a first-generation HCLPE liner was used. Femoral head penetration was measured on both AP pelvis and hip radiographs. Total wear and wear rate at 10 years were 1.26 mm and 0.122 mm/y, respectively. The rate decreased significantly after the first 2-3 years, plateauing at a wear rate of 0.05 mm/y for the last 5 years. The AP hip total wear and wear rate were 1.38 mm and 0.133 mm/y respectively, while rates were 1.13 mm and 0.109 mm/y respectively for the pelvis radiographs (P<.05). We found a significant difference in measurements of linear penetration when comparing AP pelvis vs. hip radiographs with lower rates recorded using an AP pelvis. © 2014.

  14. Disease management of type 2 diabetes: a follow-up analysis in a sanitary district of Sicily.

    PubMed

    Colucci, A; Bianco, A; Pomara, F; Petrucci, M; Grosso, F; De Vita, A; Adamo, V; Palma, A

    2011-09-01

    The aim of this paper was to analyze the Disease management of type 2 diabetes in a sanitary district of the Sicily Region (Italy). In a population of 9 698 subjects, we selected patients with known type 2 diabetes: a cohort of 385 subjects, (206 women and 179 men) following up for one year. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the analyzed population was 3.97%. A great lot of cohort was on a diet. After one year, a per cent reduction of obese and overweight subjects was observed. No differences were observed for Body Mass Index (BMI) at the beginning and at the end of the study. After one year, through educational meetings with the doctor, a significant increase of knowledge on the patient's conditions and on the diabetes complications was verified, but our data showed persistent poor attention by doctors. The poor knowledge of patients led to a difficult disease management. After one year, a great lot of cohort used antistroke and cardiovascular disease therapy, reducing significantly the cardiovascular disease risk. However, our study also highlights a gap between the therapeutic guidelines and the actual treatment, with wide variability in the delivery of secondary prevention. CONCLUSION. Our study showed that a persevering warning and a constant adjournment of doctors improves the disease management, reducing complications risk in type 2 diabetes patients.

  15. Interim analysis for binary outcome trials with a long fixed follow-up time and repeated outcome assessments at pre-specified times.

    PubMed

    Parpia, Sameer; Julian, Jim A; Gu, Chushu; Thabane, Lehana; Levine, Mark N

    2014-01-01

    In trials with binary outcomes, assessed repeatedly at pre-specified times and where the subject is considered to have experienced a failure at the first occurrence of the outcome, interim analyses are performed, generally, after half or more of the subjects have completed follow-up. Depending on the duration of accrual relative to the length of follow-up, this may be inefficient, since there is a possibility that the trial will have completed accrual prior to the interim analysis. An alternative is to plan the interim analysis after subjects have completed follow-up to a time that is less than the fixed full follow-up duration. Using simulations, we evaluated three methods to estimate the event proportion for the interim analysis in terms of type I and II errors and the probability of early stopping. We considered: 1) estimation of the event proportion based on subjects who have been followed for a pre-specified time (less than the full follow-up duration) or who experienced the outcome; 2) estimation of the event proportion based on data from all subjects that have been randomized by the time of the interim analysis; and 3) the Kaplan-Meier approach to estimate the event proportion at the time of the interim analysis. Our results show that all methods preserve and have comparable type I and II errors in certain scenarios. In these cases, we recommend using the Kaplan-Meier method because it incorporates all the available data and has greater probability of early stopping when the treatment effect exists.

  16. Potential bias due to outcome-related loss to follow-up in cohort studies on incidence of drug injection: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Sordo, Luis; Bravo, Maria J; Barrio, Gregorio; Indave, B Iciar; Degenhardt, Louisa; Pastor-Barriuso, Roberto

    2015-08-01

    A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to synthesize results from cohort studies on initiation into drug injection among vulnerable populations, to quantify heterogeneity in the estimated incidence rates of drug injection and to identify potential sources of heterogeneity and bias. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO and LILACS were searched for relevant studies published between 1980 and 2012. Investigators independently reviewed studies for inclusion, retrieved information on baseline population characteristics and follow-up features and assessed study quality. Study-specific incidence rates of drug injection were calculated as the number of new injectors divided by the person-years at risk. The I(2) statistic was used to quantify heterogeneity in incidence rates across studies, and random-effects meta-regression models were used to identify determinants of heterogeneity and bias. Nine cohorts totalling 1843 participants met the inclusion criteria, with individual sample sizes of 70-415 participants and follow-up lengths of 6 months-3.4 years. The incidence of drug injection varied widely, from 2.1 to 24.2 cases per 100 person-years. The strong between-study heterogeneity (I(2)  = 90%, P<0.001) was reduced significantly after accounting for the different follow-up lengths (I(2)  = 17%, P = 0.30), with a 57% (95% confidence interval 46-66%) decrease in the pooled incidence of drug injection per 1-year increase in average follow-up. The incidence of drug injection decreases sharply with increasing follow-up length in cohort studies on drug injection initiation. Low retention rates and potential for downward selection bias in cohort studies on drug injection initiation are caused primarily by greater loss to follow-up among individuals at higher risk of starting injection, compared with other participants. © 2015 Society for the Study of Addiction.

  17. Surgical Correction in Patients with Lumbar Degenerative Kyphosis Who Had Low Bone Mineral Density: An Analysis of 40 Patients with a Minimum Follow-Up of Two Years

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Ki Tack; Lee, Sang Hun; Huh, Dae Seok; Son, Eun Seok

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Purpose To investigate influence of bone mineral density (BMD) on the surgical correction of lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK). Overview of Literature No studies so far have reported the influence of BMD on the surgical correction of LDK. Methods Forty LDK patients with more than 2 years follow-up were studied. Pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt, sacral slope, sagittal vertical axis (SVA), lumbar lordosis (LL), and thoracic kyphosis were measured preoperatively, immediate postoperatively and at final follow-up. Adverse outcomes: proximal adjacent fractures, sagittal decompensation, pseudoarthrosis, and cage subsidence were documented. Results There were 37 females and 3 males. Average age was 65.1±4.5 years and mean follow-up was 34.2±16.7 months. 42.5% were Takemitsu type 3 curves, 27.5% type 2, 20.0% type 4 and 10.0% type 1. 37.5% had osteopenia, 40.0% osteoporosis and 22.5% had severe osteoporosis. SVA improved from 237.0±96.7 mm preoperatively to 45.3±41.8 mm postoperatively (p=0.000). LL improved from 10.5°±14.7° to -40.6°±10.9° postoperatively (p=0.000). At final follow-up SVA deteriorated to 89.8±72.2 mm and LL to 34.7°±15.8° (p=0.000). The association between late sagittal decompensation, pseudoarthrosis, or proximal adjacent fractures and osteoporosis was insignificant. The difference between immediate postoperative LL and PI (PIDiff) had a significant association with sagittal decompensation and pseudoarthrosis. Conclusions Osteoporosis did not influence the degree of correction, late sagittal decompensation, proximal adjacent fractures, and pseudoarthrosis in LDK. PIDiff had a significant association with sagittal decompensation and pseudoarthrosis. PMID:25705337

  18. Actis Total Hip System 2 Year Follow-up

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2017-08-14

    Osteoarthritis; Traumatic Arthritis; Rheumatoid Arthritis; Congenital Hip Dysplasia; Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head; Acute Traumatic Fracture of the Femoral Head or Neck; Certain Cases of Ankylosis; Non-union of Femoral Neck Fractures; Certain High Sub-Capital & Femoral Neck Fractures in Elderly

  19. Analysis and follow-up of type 1 choroidal neovascularisation with optical coherence tomography-angiography after antiangiogenic treatment.

    PubMed

    Torrecillas-Picazo, R; Cerdà-Ibáñez, M; Almor Palacios, I; Hervás Hernandis, J M; Ramón-Cosín, R; Ruiz Del Rio, N; Duch-Samper, A

    2017-06-01

    To describe the characteristics of type 1 choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) using two different optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) devices sequentially during a standard protocol of three intravitreal injections of an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF). The study included 6 eyes with naïve neovascular ARMD. Macular OCT-A images were acquired using AngioPlex Cirrus HD-OCT 5000 (Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc., Dublin, USA) and DRI OCT Triton SS-OCT Angio (Topcon, Medical Systems, Inc. Oakland, NJ, USA). The macular OCT-A scan covered an area of 3×3mm. Distinct morphological patterns and quantifiable features of the neovascular membranes were studied on en face projection images, which were taken at different stages of the follow-up. Treatment response could be estimated using the OCT-A criteria of CNV activity. Higher activity scores before treatment resulted in a greater decrease in the membrane area. The estimated net decline in area ranged from 83.5% to 1.4%. The OCT-A performed one-week after treatment revealed the greatest area reductions. OCT-A provides new possibilities for the non-invasive assessment of features of neovascular networks and CNV structural morphology. Newly described activity criteria can also guide therapeutic decisions, and help in evaluating responses. Quantitative and qualitative information can be provided with this technique. However, further software development and future investigation are essential to define the role of this tool on a daily basis. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Cost Utility Analysis of the Cervical Artificial Disc vs Fusion for the Treatment of 2-Level Symptomatic Degenerative Disc Disease: 5-Year Follow-up

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Zhuo; Nunley, Pierce; Stone, Marcus B.; Lee, Darrin; Kim, Kee D.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The cervical total disc replacement (cTDR) was developed to treat cervical degenerative disc disease while preserving motion. OBJECTIVE: Cost-effectiveness of this intervention was established by looking at 2-year follow-up, and this update reevaluates our analysis over 5 years. METHODS: Data were derived from a randomized trial of 330 patients. Data from the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey were transformed into utilities by using the SF-6D algorithm. Costs were calculated by extracting diagnosis-related group codes and then applying 2014 Medicare reimbursement rates. A Markov model evaluated quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for both treatment groups. Univariate and multivariate sensitivity analyses were conducted to test the stability of the model. The model adopted both societal and health system perspectives and applied a 3% annual discount rate. RESULTS: The cTDR costs $1687 more than anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) over 5 years. In contrast, cTDR had $34 377 less productivity loss compared with ACDF. There was a significant difference in the return-to-work rate (81.6% compared with 65.4% for cTDR and ACDF, respectively; P = .029). From a societal perspective, the incremental cost-effective ratio (ICER) for cTDR was −$165 103 per QALY. From a health system perspective, the ICER for cTDR was $8518 per QALY. In the sensitivity analysis, the ICER for cTDR remained below the US willingness-to-pay threshold of $50 000 per QALY in all scenarios (−$225 816 per QALY to $22 071 per QALY). CONCLUSION: This study is the first to report the comparative cost-effectiveness of cTDR vs ACDF for 2-level degenerative disc disease at 5 years. The authors conclude that, because of the negative ICER, cTDR is the dominant modality. ABBREVIATIONS: ACDF, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion AWP, average wholesale price CE, cost-effectiveness CEA, cost-effectiveness analysis CPT, Current Procedural Terminology cTDR, cervical total disc

  1. Determinants and Causes of Neonatal Mortality in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia: A Multilevel Analysis of Prospective Follow Up Study

    PubMed Central

    Debelew, Gurmesa Tura; Afework, Mesganaw Fantahun; Yalew, Alemayehu Worku

    2014-01-01

    Background Ethiopia is among the countries with the highest neonatal mortality with the rate of 37 deaths per 1000 live births. In spite of many efforts by the government and other partners, non-significant decline has been achieved in the last 15 years. Thus, identifying the determinants and causes are very crucial for policy and program improvement. However, studies are scarce in the country in general and in Jimma zone in particular. Objective To identify the determinants and causes of neonatal mortality in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Methods A prospective follow-up study was conducted among 3463 neonates from September 2012 to December 2013. The data were collected by interviewer-administered structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS V.20.0 and STATA 13. Verbal autopsies were conducted to identify causes of neonatal death. Mixed-effects multilevel logistic regression model was used to identify determinants of neonatal mortality. Results The status of neonatal mortality rate was 35.5 (95%CI: 28.3, 42.6) per 1000 live births. Though significant variation existed between clusters in relation to neonatal mortality, cluster-level variables were found to have non-significant effect on neonatal mortality. Individual-level variables such as birth order, frequency of antenatal care use, delivery place, gestation age at birth, premature rupture of membrane, complication during labor, twin births, size of neonate at birth and neonatal care practice were identified as determinants of neonatal mortality. Birth asphyxia (47.5%), neonatal infections (34.3%) and prematurity (11.1%) were the three leading causes of neonatal mortality accounting for 93%. Conclusions This study revealed high status of neonatal mortality in the study area. Higher-level variables had less importance in determining neonatal mortality. Individual level variables related to care during pregnancy, intra-partum complications and care, neonatal conditions and the immediate neonatal care practices

  2. Bone metastases in GEP-NET: response and long-term outcome after PRRT from a follow-up analysis.

    PubMed

    Sabet, Amir; Khalaf, Feras; Haslerud, Torjan; Al-Zreiqat, Abdullah; Sabet, Amin; Simon, Birgit; Pöppel, Thorsten D; Biersack, Hans-Jürgen; Ezziddin, Samer

    2013-01-01

    Bone metastases of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP NET) can be associated with pain and a poor prognosis. Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) has been shown to be effective against this tumor manifestation. This study represents an update of the therapeutic assessment of PRRT with (177)Lu-octreotate in GEP NET patients with bone metastases focusing on potential predictors for impaired outcome and overall survival.We retrospectively analyzed a consecutive subgroup of n=68 patients with bone metastases (BM) of GEP NET treated with (177)Lu-octreotate (4 intended cycles at 3 monthly intervals; mean activity per cycle, 8.1 GBq). Baseline characteristics, including age, performance status, tumor origin, tumor load, plasma chromogranin A (CgA), and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) were analyzed regarding the impact on tumor regression (modified M.D. Anderson criteria) and survival of the patients. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves, log-rank test at a significance level of p <0.05, and Cox proportional hazards model for uni- and multivariate analyses. Median follow-up was 48 months. The observed response of BMs consisted of complete remission in 2 (2.9%), partial remission in 23 (33.8%), minor response in 8 (11.8%), stable disease in 26 (38.2%), and progressive disease in 8 (13.2%) patients. Median time-to-progression (TTP) of BMs and overall survival (OS) were 35 mo (95% CI: 25-45) and 51 mo (95% CI: 38-64), respectively. Patients with responding BMs survived significantly longer than other patients (median 56 mo vs. 39 mo, p=0.034). NSE >15 ng/ml (p=0.002) and Ki67 index >10% (p=0.008) were associated with shorter overall survival. BM of GEP NET are effectively controlled by PRRT with a long median progression-free survival of approx. 3 years. Non-regression of BM, high proliferation rate and increased plasma NSE at baseline are predictive of shorter survival. However, this study confirms that poor patient condition

  3. Follow-up Observations and Analysis of V530 Andromedae: A Totally Eclipsing Shallow Contact Solar Type Binary

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chamberlain, Heather; Samec, Ronald G.; Caton, Daniel B.; Faulkner, Danny R.; Clark, Jeremy; Shebs, Travis

    2015-01-01

    We follow up on early, single coverage, UBVRcIc light curves (2013) and analyses. These early curves were taken in September 27 and 29 2011. Our present, BVRcIc, but full coverage light curves were taken on 6 nights: October 1,2,9, November 4,5, 2013 and January 4, 2014 by RGS, DBC, JDC, TS with the Dark Sky Observatory 0.81-m reflector of Appalachian State University and a (-40ºC) 2KX2K Apogee Alta CCD. Our present curves reveal V530 Andromedae as a totally eclipsing, shallow contact solar type binary rather than semidetached, near contact one. The newly determined times of minima include:HJD MinI = 2456566.84275 ±0.00007HJD MinII = 2456598.881995±0.0004, 24556600.6111±0.0002, 2456601.76665±0.00046.Using a new method of obtaining minima from earlier patrol light curves, in this case, NSVS, nine low weight timings of minimum light were added to the period study. Including these additional timings, we uncovered a period change. In our now, extended, period study over 9000 epochs, a 14.25 year interval, we find that the period is decreasing. This fits the scenario of magnetic breaking for solar type binaries. The temperatures of the primary and secondary components are estimated at 7000 and 6300 K, respectively, a large temperature difference for a contact binary. The fill-out, however, is a mere 4%. (Our earlier scant light curves modeled very nearly in contact.) The mass ratio, M2/M1, was found to be 0.385, almost identical with our first curves solution. The two star spots, probably magnetic in origin, were determined. A hot spot was modeled by the iterative process on the polar region of the smaller star. A cool spot is on the larger star facing the smaller star. The spot parameters have changed appreciably over the course of the two intervening years. We believe the binary has recently come into contact and thermal contact has not yet been achieved.

  4. Correcting for Mortality Among Patients Lost to Follow Up on Antiretroviral Therapy in South Africa: A Cohort Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Van Cutsem, Gilles; Ford, Nathan; Hildebrand, Katherine; Goemaere, Eric; Mathee, Shaheed; Abrahams, Musaed; Coetzee, David; Boulle, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Background Loss to follow-up (LTF) challenges the reporting of antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, since it encompasses patients alive but lost to programme and deaths misclassified as LTF. We describe LTF before and after correction for mortality in a primary care ART programme with linkages to the national vital registration system. Methods and Findings We included 6411 patients enrolled on ART between March 2001 and June 2007. Patients LTF with available civil identification numbers were matched with the national vital registration system to ascertain vital status. Corrected mortality and true LTF were determined by weighting these patients to represent all patients LTF. We used Kaplan-Meier estimates and Cox regression to describe LTF, mortality among those LTF, and true LTF. Of 627 patients LTF, 85 (28.8%) had died within 3 months after their last clinic visits. Respective estimates of LTF before and after correction for mortality were 6.9% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.2–7.6) and 4.3% (95% CI 3.5–5.3) at one year on ART, and 23.9% (95% CI 21.0–27.2) and 19.7% (95% CI 16.1–23.7) at 5 years. After correction for mortality, the hazard of LTF was reversed from decreasing to increasing with time on ART. Younger age, higher baseline CD4 count, pregnancy and increasing calendar year were associated with higher true LTF. Mortality of patients LTF at 1, 12 and 24 months after their last visits was respectively 23.1%, 30.9% and 43.8%; 78.0% of deaths occurred during the first 3 months after last visit and 45.0% in patients on ART for 0 to 3 months. Conclusions Mortality of patients LTF was high and occurred early after last clinic visit, especially in patients recently started on ART. Correction for these misclassified deaths revealed that the risk of true LTF increased over time. Research targeting groups at higher risk of LTF (youth, pregnant women and patients with higher CD4 counts) is needed. PMID:21379378

  5. Limited clinical relevance of imaging techniques in the follow-up of patients with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia: results of a meta-analysis.

    PubMed

    Eichhorst, Barbara F; Fischer, Kirsten; Fink, Anna-Maria; Elter, Thomas; Wendtner, Clemens M; Goede, Valentin; Bergmann, Manuela; Stilgenbauer, Stephan; Hopfinger, Georg; Ritgen, Matthias; Bahlo, Jasmin; Busch, Raymonde; Hallek, Michael

    2011-02-10

    The clinical value of imaging is well established for the follow-up of many lymphoid malignancies but not for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). A meta-analysis was performed with the dataset of 3 German CLL Study Group phase 3 trials (CLL4, CLL5, and CLL8) that included 1372 patients receiving first-line therapy for CLL. Response as well as progression during follow-up was reassessed according to the National Cancer Institute Working Group1996 criteria. A total of 481 events were counted as progressive disease during treatment or follow-up. Of these, 372 progressions (77%) were detected by clinical symptoms or blood counts. Computed tomography (CT) scans or ultrasound were rele