Science.gov

Sample records for 2004-2005 school year

  1. Student-Level Analysis of Year 2 (2004-2005) Achievement Outcomes for Tennessee Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Steven M.; McDonald, Aaron J.; McSparrin-Gallagher, Brenda; Slawson, Deborah L.

    2006-01-01

    This report presents student-level achievement results for two groups of schools in Tennessee: (a) four charter schools that began operation in 2003-2004; and (b) three new charter schools that were established in 2004-2005. These two cohorts were therefore completing their second and first academic years, respectively, at the time the achievement…

  2. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" (Section 22.1-279.3:1) requires school divisions statewide to submit data annually to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting data on discipline, crime, and violence to the VDOE in 1991. The federal "Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994"…

  3. Southeastern Wisconsin School District Rankings, 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Policy Forum, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This brochure displays the following data for seven counties in southeastern Wisconsin for the 2004-2005 school year: (1) Total operations expenditures; (2) Property tax revenue; (3) Total enrollment; (4) One-year change in enrollment; (5) Minority enrollment; (6) Free or reduced lunch; (7) Habitual truancy; (8) 3rd Grade Wisconsin Reading and…

  4. Safe Schools Report 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico Public Education Department, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Safety in New Mexico's schools is one of the most important issues facing our communities. Every school and school district in the state make it a priority to identify and implement ways to increase the safety, security and integrity of students, teachers, staff, parents and visitors at our schools on a daily basis. Safety is critical for…

  5. KIPP DIAMOND Academy Year Three (2004-2005) Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Susan; McDonald, Aaron; Sterbinsky, Allan

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of the present evaluation study was to examine the progress made in program implementation, school climate, and student achievement by the KIPP (Knowledge Is Power Program) DIAMOND (Daring Individual Achievers Making Outstanding New Dreams) Academy (KIPP:DA) housed in Cypress Junior High School in Memphis, Tennessee. The school began…

  6. KIPP DIAMOND Academy: Year Three (2004-2005) Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Susan, McDonald, Aaron; Sterbinsky, Allan

    2005-01-01

    The KIPP (Knowledge Is Power Program) Diamond (Daring Individual Achievers Making Outstanding New Dreams) Academy, housed in Cypress Junior High School in Memphis, Tennessee, opened in the summer of 2002. KIPP goals include enhancement of academic achievement and promotion of positive student leadership through an innovative redesign of…

  7. Kentucky Virtual High School 2004/2005 Prerequisite and Course Materials List.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kentucky Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This document is a compilation of Kentucky Virtual High School's (KVHS) 2004/2005 prerequisite and course materials listed by content area and subject and provides access information for KVHS's online professional development programs. After the Material and Textbook Procurement Policy, entries for the following KVHS course subject areas are…

  8. 36th Annual Survey Report on State-Sponsored Student Financial Aid, 2004-2005 Academic Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of State Student Grant and Aid Programs, 2005

    2005-01-01

    Each year, the National Association of State Student Grant and Aid Programs (NASSGAP) completes a survey regarding state-funded expenditures for postsecondary student financial aid. This report, the 36th annual survey, represents data from academic year 2004-05. Data highlights of this survey include: (1) In the 2004-2005 academic year, the states…

  9. Rate, Relative Risk, and Method of Suicide by Students at 4-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States, 2004-2005 through 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Allan J.

    2011-01-01

    A total of 622 suicides were reported among students attending 645 distinct campuses from 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Adjusting for gender in the population at risk of 14.9 million student-years and for the source of these data, the student suicide rate of 7.0 was significantly and substantially lower than for a matched national sample. Suicide…

  10. Empty Calories: Commercializing Activities in America's Schools. The Eighth-Annual Report on Schoolhouse Commercialism Trends: 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molnar, Alex; Garcia, David R.

    2005-01-01

    This year's Schoolhouse Commercialism Trends report finds that schools continue to be a prime target of a wide variety of corporate advertising efforts and criticism of marketing to children in schools is mounting. Most of this criticism is directed at marketing activities that are thought to have a negative impact on children's health. Public…

  11. Summary of Optical-Backscatter and Suspended-Sediment Data, Tomales Bay Watershed, California, Water Years 2004, 2005, and 2006

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Curtis, Jennifer A.

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with Point Reyes National Seashore, is studying suspended-sediment transport dynamics in the two primary tributaries to Tomales Bay, Lagunitas Creek and Walker Creek. Suspended-sediment samples and continuous optical backscatter (turbidity) data were collected at three locations during water years 2004?06 (October 1, 2003?September 30, 2006): at two sites in the Lagunitas Creek watershed and at one site in the Walker Creek watershed. Sediment samples were analyzed for suspended-sediment concentration, grain size, and turbidity. Data were used to estimate mean daily and annual seasonal suspended-sediment discharge, which were published in U.S. Geological Survey Annual Water-Data Reports. Data were utilized further in this report to develop field-based optical-backscatter calibration equations, which then were used to derive a continuous time series (15-minute interval) of suspended-sediment concentrations. Sensor fouling and aggradation of the channel bed occurred periodically throughout the project period, resulting in data loss. Although periods of data loss occurred, collection of optical sensor data improved our understanding of suspended-sediment dynamics in the Lagunitas Creek and Walker Creek watersheds by providing continuous time-series storm event data that were analyzed to determine durations of elevated sediment concentrations (periods of time when suspended-sediment concentration was greater than 100 mg/L). Data derived from this project contributed baseline suspended-sediment transport information that will be used to develop and implement sediment total maximum daily loads for Tomales Bay and its tributary watersheds, and provides supporting information for additional total maximum daily loads (pathogens, nutrients, and mercury) and restoration efforts for four federally listed aquatic species that are affected directly by sediment loading in the Tomales Bay watershed. In addition, this project provided an

  12. Program Evaluation Report for Sulphur Springs Independent School District Project STYLE (Students and Teachers Yearning to Learn Effectively) 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Combs, Julie P.; Jackson, Sherion H.

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present findings from a program evaluation conducted to examine the effectiveness of the Schools Attuned program in a north Texas school district. Schools Attuned was developed by a professor of pediatrics, Dr. Mel Levine (2002), as a professional development model to train teachers to identify cognitive and…

  13. Determinants of exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) among non smoking adolescents (aged 11-17 years old) in Greece: results from the 2004-2005 GYTS Study.

    PubMed

    Rachiotis, George; Siziya, Seter; Muula, Adamson S; Rudatsikira, Emmanuel; Papastergiou, Panagiotis; Hadjichristodoulou, Christos

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study is to investigate the determinants of exposure to ETS among Greek adolescents aged 11-17 years old. The GYTS questionnaire was completed by 5,179 adolescents. About 3 in 4 responders (76.8%) were exposed to ETS at home, and 38.5% were exposed to ETS outside of the home. Gender, age group, parental and close friends smoking status were significant determinants of adolescent's exposure to ETS. The results of the study could be valuable for the implementation of public health initiatives in Greece aiming to reduce the burden of adolescent's exposure to passive smoking. PMID:20195445

  14. Association of Canadian Community Colleges Annual Report, 2004-2005 = Rapport annuel d'Association des colleges communautaires du Canada, 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Canadian Community College, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The 2004-2005 year signaled the arrival of some profound changes to the governing structure of the Association. As part of the ongoing re-focus of the Association, the Board of Directors undertook an examination of the overall governance structure. Presented at the 2004 Annual General Meeting and discussed at the Board level throughout the year,…

  15. Como pagar to educacion, 2004-2005 (Funding Your Education, 2004-2005).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Federal Student Aid (ED), Washington, DC.

    This publication, written in Spanish, describes financial aid programs of the U.S. Department of Education and advises students about paying for college. It outlines things a student should ask about college and how to obtain financial aid, whether grants, work-study, or loans. Chapters provide information on: (1) "Education after High School";…

  16. The LMD System Experience as a Struggle between the Educational Development and Reform: An Analytical Study of the Endeavour of the Academic Year 2004/2005 in Bejaia University with Suggested Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Idri, Nadia

    2005-01-01

    Background: In this article, we are going to present some details about the educational reform at the level of higher education (i.e. University level) taking the case of the University of Abderrahmane Mira, Bejaia. After a year of its application, we aim at mapping out the problems we have met during the last academic year and trying to find out…

  17. Pesticides in Ground Water - Campbell County, Wyoming, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eddy-Miller, Cheryl A.; Remley, Kendra J.

    2006-01-01

    In 1991, members of local, State, and Federal governments, as well as industry and interest groups, formed the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee to prepare the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. Part of this management plan is to sample and analyze Wyoming's ground water for pesticides. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee, began statewide implementation of the sampling component of the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. During 2004-2005, baseline monitoring was conducted in Campbell County. This fact sheet describes and summarizes results of the baseline monitoring in Campbell County.

  18. Pesticides in Ground Water - Carbon County, Wyoming, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eddy-Miller, Cheryl A.; Remley, Kendra J.

    2006-01-01

    In 1991, members of local, State, and Federal governments, as well as industry and interest groups, formed the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee to prepare the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. Part of this management plan is to sample and analyze Wyoming's ground water for pesticides. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee, began statewide implementation of the sampling component of the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. During 2004-2005, baseline monitoring was conducted in Carbon County. This fact sheet describes and summarizes results of the baseline monitoring in Carbon County.

  19. Pesticides in Ground Water - Sublette County, Wyoming, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Eddy-Miller, Cheryl A.; Remley, Kendra J.

    2006-01-01

    In 1991, members of local, State, and Federal governments, as well as industry and interest groups, formed the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee to prepare the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. Part of this management plan is to sample and analyze Wyoming's ground water for pesticides. In 1995, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Ground-water and Pesticide Strategy Committee, began statewide implementation of the sampling component of the State of Wyoming's generic Management Plan for Pesticides in Ground Water. During 2004-2005, baseline monitoring was conducted in Sublette County. This fact sheet describes and summarizes results of the baseline monitoring in Sublette County.

  20. Ground-Water Conditions and Studies in Georgia, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Leeth, David C.; Peck, Michael F.; Painter, Jaime A.

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) collects ground-water data and conducts studies to monitor hydrologic conditions, better define ground-water resources, and address problems related to water supply, water use, and water quality. During 2004-2005, ground-water levels were monitored continuously in a network of 183 wells completed in major aquifers throughout the State. Because of missing data or the short period of record for a number of these wells (less than 3 years), a total of 171 wells from the network are discussed in this report. These wells include 19 in the surficial aquifer system, 20 in the Brunswick aquifer system and equivalent sediments, 69 in the Upper Floridan aquifer, 17 in the Lower Floridan aquifer and underlying units, 10 in the Claiborne aquifer, 1 in the Gordon aquifer, 10 in the Clayton aquifer, 12 in the Cretaceous aquifer system, 2 in Paleozoic-rock aquifers, and 11 in crystalline-rock aquifers. Data from the network indicate that generally water levels rose after the end of a drought (fall 2002), with water levels in 152 of the wells in the normal or above-normal range by 2005. An exception to this pattern of water-level recovery is in the Cretaceous aquifer system where water levels in 7 of the 12 wells monitored were below normal during 2005. In addition to continuous water-level data, periodic synoptic water-level measurements were collected and used to construct potentiometric-surface maps for the Upper Floridan aquifer in the Camden County-Charlton County area during September 2004 and May 2005, in the Brunswick area during June 2004 and June 2005, and in the City of Albany-Dougherty County area during October 2004 and during October 2005. In general, the configuration of the potentiometric surfaces showed little change during 2004-2005 in each of the areas. Ground-water quality in the Upper Floridan aquifer is monitored in the Albany, Savannah, and Brunswick areas, and in Camden County; and the Lower Floridan aquifer, monitored in

  1. Kootenai River Focus Watershed Coordination, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Kootenai River Network,

    2005-07-01

    The Kootenai River Network (KRN) was contracted by the Bonneville Power Administration; PPA Project Number 96087200 for the period June 1, 2004 to May 31, 2005 to provide Kootenai River basin watershed coordination services. The prime focus of the KRN Watershed Coordination Program is coordinating projects and disseminating information related to watershed improvement and education and outreach with other interest groups in the Kootenai River basin. The KRN willingly shares its resources with these groups. The 2004-2005 BPA contract extended the original Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks contract, which was transferred to the Kootenai River Network through a Memorandum of Understanding in November 2001. The KRN objectives of this contract were carried out by one half-time Watershed Coordinator position in Montana-Idaho (Nancy Zapotocki) and one half-time Watershed Coordination team in British Columbia (Laura and Jim Duncan). Nancy Zapotocki was hired as the KRN US Watershed Coordinator in July 2004. Her extensive work experience in outreach and education and watershed planning complements the Duncans in British Columbia. To continue rejuvenating and revitalizing the KRN, the Board conducted a second retreat in November 2004. The first retreat took place in November 2003. Board and staff members combined efforts to define KRN goals and ways of achieving them. An Education and Outreach Plan formulated by the Watershed Coordinators was used to guide much of the discussions. The conclusions reached during the retreat specified four ''flagship'' projects for 2005-2006, to: (1) Provide leadership and facilitation, and build on current work related to the TMDL plans and planning efforts on the United States side of the border. (2) Continue facilitating trans-boundary British Columbia projects building on established work and applying the KRN model of project facilitation to other areas of the Kootenai basin. (3) Finalize and implement the KRN Education and Outreach plan

  2. School Ethnic Composition and Aspirations of Immigrant Students in Belgium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Houtte, Mieke; Stevens, Peter A. J.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the association between school ethnic composition and immigrant students' intentions to finish high school and to move on to higher education. We used data from 1324 immigrant and 10,546 native students gathered in the school year 2004-2005 in a sample of 85 Flemish (Belgian) secondary schools. Logistic multilevel analyses…

  3. 2004-2005 Annual Report to the Ministry of Advanced Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer, 2005

    2005-01-01

    On April 14, 2004, a management letter was forwarded setting out the expectations of the Ministry of Advanced Education for the British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) in 2004-2005. This Annual Report was presented to specify how BCCAT has addressed those expectations and to provide information regarding other projects and…

  4. Insider's Guide to Graduate Programs in Clinical and Counseling Psychology. 2004/2005 Edition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sayette, Michael A.; Mayne, Tracy J.; Norcross, John C.

    2004-01-01

    Now in its 2004/2005 edition, this perennial bestseller is the resource students count on for the most current information on applying to doctoral programs in clinical or counseling psychology. The Insider's Guide presents up-to-date facts on nearly 300 accredited programs in the United States and Canada. Each program's profile includes admissions…

  5. Wheeler County Riparian Buffers; 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Greer, Sue

    2006-01-01

    Number of Contacts Made--Over 44 landowner contacts were made regarding CREP potential. Out of those 44 contacts, 15 resulted in on-site visits to the property to discuss available options. Articles were published in the Wheeler SWCD annual report and newsletter totaling a distribution of 1,200. Two informational displays were viewed by approximately 500 people: one at the Wheeler SWCD Annual Meeting and the second at the Wheeler County Fair. Number of Contracts Negotiated and Signed--3 CREP contracts in Wheeler County were signed within this contract period. They included landowners on Stephenson Creek, Bear Creek and Lost Valley Creek. The project done on Lost Valley Creek was handled by the Gilliam Co. Riparian Buffer Specialist filling in during the Wheeler position being vacated. Work was also started and is proceeding on another four contracts. Problems Encountered During Contract Year: (1) Riparian Buffer position vacated in October 2004 and District had difficulty filling the position. This set the district back in some of the delineated goals. Existing district staff is now up-to-speed on training, etc. and District is confident of achieving outlined goals. (2) Issues involving qualification of irrigated rates and how to process irrigated acres through CREP. (3) Issues involving clarification of eligibility as it relates to financial status of landowner; and (4) Landowner comfort in signing up for federal programs.

  6. Shillapoo Wildlife Area, Annual Report 2004-2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Calkins, Brian

    2004-10-01

    This report summarizes accomplishments, challenges and successes on WDFW's Shillapoo Wildlife Area funded under Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) Wildlife Mitigation Program (BPA project No.2003-012-00) during the Fiscal Year 05 contract period October 1, 2004-September 30, 2005. The information presented here is intended to supplement that contained in BPA's PISCES contract development and reporting system. The organization below is by broad categories of work but references are made to individual work elements in the PISCES Statement of Work as appropriate. The greatest success realized during this contract period was completion of the water system that will provide water to wetland basins within the Vancouver Lake Unit and three independent basins on adjoining Clark County owned lands. The water system paid for by Clark Public Utilities was designed and built under the direction of Ducks Unlimited. Having a reliable water supply for these areas has allowed us for the first time to begin making significant progress toward our wetland vegetation management goals on this unit. A reduction in the density of reed canary grass has already been noted and increased levels of native plant occurrence have been observed. Our most notable setback was an increase in the infestation of purple loosestrife within a portion of the Shillapoo Lakebed including parts of the North and South Units. A great deal of effort and time was spent on addressing the problem including hand cutting and spraying individual plants.

  7. Wind River Watershed Restoration 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Connolly, Patrick J.; Jezorek, Ian G.

    2008-11-10

    ) tags to track growth and movement of individuals. We snorkeled nine stream sections during 2004. Juvenile steelhead populations have varied greatly between streams and between years. Numbers of age-0 steelhead have increased substantially since 2000 within the MINE reach (rkm 35.0-40.0) section of the upper Wind River. Because of potential negative interactions with steelhead, naturally spawned populations of introduced juvenile Chinook salmon are of concern in the mainstem of the Wind River. During 2004, we deployed over 3,000 PIT tags in the Wind River subbasin, primarily in juvenile steelhead, but also in juvenile Chinook. We are compiling a dataset of recapture information on these tagged fish as well as interrogation information from Bonneville Dam and other sites. The habitat and fish data collected have been used in Ecosystem Diagnosis and Treatment modeling efforts, the Wind River Subbasin Plan, and the Total Maximum Daily Load report from Washington Department of Ecology. Continued monitoring of changes in habitat, combined with data on fish populations, will help guide planning efforts of land and fish managers. As long-term active and passive restoration actions are implemented in the Wind River and its tributaries, these data will provide the ability to measure change. Because the Wind River subbasin has no steelhead hatchery or supplementation, these data will be useful to compare population trends in subbasins with hatchery or supplementation management.

  8. Walla Walla River Fish Passage Operations Program, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Bronson, James P.; Duke, Bill B.

    2006-02-01

    In the late 1990s, the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation, Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, along with many other agencies, began implementing fisheries restoration activities in the Walla Walla Basin. An integral part of these efforts is to alleviate the inadequate fish migration conditions in the basin. The migration concerns are being addressed by removing diversion structures, constructing fish passage facilities, implementing minimum instream flow requirements, and providing trap and haul efforts when needed. The objective of the Walla Walla River Fish Passage Operations Project is to increase the survival of migrating adult and juvenile salmonids in the Walla Walla River basin. The project is responsible for coordinating operation and maintenance of ladders, screen sites, bypasses, trap facilities, and transportation equipment. In addition, the project provides technical input on passage criteria and passage and trapping facility design and operation. Operation of the various passage facilities and passage criteria guidelines are outlined in an annual operations plan that the project develops. During the 2004-2005 project year, there were 590 adult summer steelhead, 31 summer steelhead kelts (Oncorhynchus mykiss), 70 adult bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus); 80 adult and 1 jack spring Chinook (O. tshawytscha) enumerated at the Nursery Bridge Dam fishway video counting window between December 13, 2004, and June 16, 2005. Summer steelhead and spring chinook were observed moving upstream while bull trout were observed moving both upstream and downstream of the facility. In addition, the old ladder trap was operated by ODFW in order to enumerate fish passage. Of the total, 143 adult summer steelhead and 15 summer steelhead kelts were enumerated at the west ladder at Nursery Bridge Dam during the video efforts between February 4 and May 23, 2005. Operation of the Little Walla Walla River

  9. The School Year Preview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hiller, Peter

    2000-01-01

    Recommends looking at the entire school year in advance in order to plan for and cover the basic subject areas of art. Provides an overview of the entire school year of a fifth-grade art class, describing the various activities in detail. (CMK)

  10. Injury Profile in Women Shotokan Karate Championships in Iran (2004-2005)

    PubMed Central

    Halabchi, Farzin; Ziaee, Vahid; Lotfian, Sarah

    2007-01-01

    The aims of this paper were to record injury rates among Iranian women competitive Shotokan karate athletes and propose possible predisposing factors. A prospective recording of the injuries resulting from all matches in 6 consecutive women national Shotokan Karate Championships in all age groups in Iran (season 2004-2005) was performed. Data recorded included demographic characteristics (Age and Weight), athletic background (rank, years of experience, time spent training and previous injuries), type, location and reason for the injury, and the result of the match. Results indicate 186 recorded injuries from a total of 1139 bouts involving 1019 athletes, therefore there were 0.163 injury per bout [C.I. 95%: 0.142-0.184] and 183 injuries per 1000 athletes [C.I. 95%: 159-205]. Injuries were most commonly located in the head and neck (55.4%) followed by the lower limb (21%), upper limb (12.9%) and trunk (10.8%). Punches (48. 4%) were associated with more injuries than kicks (33.3%). The injuries consisted of muscle strain and contusion (81, 43.6%), hematoma and epistaxis (49, 26.3%), lacerations and abrasions (28, 15. 1%), concussion (13, 7%), tooth avulsion or subluxation (3, 1.6%), joint dislocation (3, 1.6%) and fractures (3, 1.6%). In conclusion, as the majority of injuries are minor, and severe or longstanding injuries are uncommon, it can be argued that shotokan karate is a relatively safe for females, despite its image as a combat sport, where ostensibly the aim appears to injure your opponent. Further research is needed to evaluate the effective strategies to minimize the risk of injuries. Key points 186 injuries were recorded during women competitions. Incidence rates of 0.163 injury per bout and 183 injuries per 1000 athletes were calculated. The injuries were most commonly located in the head and neck. Muscle strain and contusion, hematoma and epistaxis constitute the majority of injuries. PMID:24198704

  11. Inspiration, Perspiration, and Time: Operations and Achievement in Edison Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Brian P.; Hamilton, Laura S.; Lockwood, J. R.; Marsh, Julie A.; Zimmer, Ron W.; Hill, Deanna; Pribesh, Shana

    2005-01-01

    New forms of governing and managing public schools have proliferated in recent years, spawning the establishment and growth of companies that operate public schools under contract. Among these education management organizations, or EMOs, the largest and most visible is Edison Schools, Inc., with a nationwide network in 2004-2005 of 103 managed…

  12. Changes in the regional prevalence of child obesity in 4th, 8th, and 11th grade students in Texas from 2000-2002 to 2004-2005.

    PubMed

    Hoelscher, Deanna M; Kelder, Steven H; Pérez, Adriana; Day, R Sue; Benoit, Julia S; Frankowski, Ralph F; Walker, Joey L; Lee, Eun S

    2010-07-01

    Although national and state estimates of child obesity are available, data at these levels are insufficient to monitor effects of local obesity prevention initiatives. The purpose of this study was to examine regional changes in the prevalence of obesity due to statewide policies and programs among children in grades 4, 8, and 11 in Texas Health Services Regions (HSRs) between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005, and nine selected counties in 2004-2005. A cross-sectional, probability-based sample of 23,190 Texas students in grades 4, 8, and 11 were weighed and measured to obtain BMI. Obesity was >95th percentile for BMI by age/sex using Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Child obesity prevalence significantly decreased between 2000-2002 and 2004-2005 for 4th grade students in the El Paso HSR (-7.0%, P = 0.005). A leveling off in the prevalence of obesity was noted for all other regions for grades 4, 8, and 11. County-level data supported the statistically significant decreases noted in the El Paso region. The reduction of child obesity levels observed in the El Paso area is one of the few examples of effective programs and policies based on a population-wide survey: in this region, a local foundation funded extensive regional implementation of community programs for obesity prevention, including an evidence-based elementary school-based health promotion program, adult nutrition and physical activity programs, and a radio and television advertising campaign. Results emphasize the need for sustained school, community, and policy efforts, and that these efforts can result in decreases in child obesity at the population level. PMID:19798066

  13. What Works? Process Evaluation of a School-Based Fruit and Vegetable Distribution Program in Mississippi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, Susan C.; Schneider, Doris; Coyle, Karin K.; May, Gary; Robin, Leah; Seymour, Jenna

    2011-01-01

    Background: During the 2004-2005 school year, the Mississippi Department of Education, Office of Child Nutrition, initiated a pilot program to distribute free fruit and vegetable snacks to students during the school day. This article describes the first-year implementation of the Mississippi Fruit and Vegetable Pilot Program. Methods: The process…

  14. Kootenai River Fisheries Investigation; Stock Status of Burbot, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Paragamian, Vaughn L.; Laude, Dorothy C.

    2006-03-01

    The main objective of this investigation was to monitor movement and spawning activity of burbot Lota lota in the Kootenai River, Idaho and British Columbia, Canada during the winter of 2004-2005. As a secondary objective, we examined the literature to obtain inferential information on how changes in historic water temperature may affect burbot movement and spawning. Discharge from Libby Dam for October 2004 ranged from 133 to 272 m{sup 3}/s, was ramped up to 532 m{sup 3}/s early in November, then was brought down to about 283 m{sup 3}/s through the last 10 days of the month. In early December 2004, discharge was brought up to full powerhouse of about 762 m{sup 3}/s several times but remained above 436 m{sup 3}/s for most of the month. However, with the prospect of a below normal snowpack and a mild winter, discharge was brought down to 113 m{sup 3}/s, minimum flow, for the remainder of January through March 2005. Discharge did not meet the systems operation request as a burbot rehabilitation measure. Mean water temperature of the Kootenai River at Libby Dam from November 1, 2004 through April 5, 2005 was 5.3 C, ranging from 10.45 C on November 1, 2004 to 3.2 C on March 2, 2005. Tributary water temperatures were monitored in Deep, Smith, and Boundary creeks in Idaho and in the Goat River, Corn, and Summit creeks, British Columbia, Canada from November 1, 2004 to about April 18, 2005. Baited hoop nets of 25 and 19 mm bar mesh were fished from November 5, 2004 through April 4, 2005 for 2,046 net d (one net day is a single 24 h set). One hundred twenty-two fish were caught encompassing ten different species of fish. Eighteen burbot (14 different fish) were captured. Sixteen of the captures were at Ambush Rock (rkm 244.5), one was near Nicks Island (rkm 144.5), British Columbia, and the other was downstream of the Goat River (rkm 152.7). Of the 18 burbot captured, one fish escaped from the net overnight, four were recaptures from this year's study, six were recaptures

  15. The Relationship between the Urban Small Schools Movement and Access to Physics Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Angela M.; Sheppard, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This study sought to examine physics offerings and enrollments, as well as teacher certification data, in small schools (less than 600 students) throughout New York City during the 2004-2005 academic year. Results were then compared to those for mid-sized (600-1200 students) and large (greater than 1200 students) high schools. The following…

  16. [Influenza telephone consultation target the general public--2003-2004, 2004-2005].

    PubMed

    Yamadera, Shizuko; Kobune, Fumio; Komatsu, Toshihiko; Suzuki, Kazuyoshi; Nakayama, Mikio; Hagiwara, Toshikatsu; Matsumoto, Miyako; Yamamoto, Kiichi; Renard, Junko; Oya, Akira

    2007-07-01

    The NPO Biomedical Science Association provided telephone consultation, including contacts by fax and email, targeting the general public within the framework of influenza control measures worked out by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW). We received 2,813 inquiries during the 2003-2004 flu season and 2,444 inquiries during the 2004-2005 season. By month, the highest number was in October-November, accounting for 42.6%. The preceding season showed a similar trend. By gender, 72.5% of those seeking advice were women. By area of residence, the highest number was living in metropolitan Tokyo, and the remainder lived in the prefectures of Kanagawa, Chiba, Saitama, Nagano, Shizuoka, and Ibaraki in this order. We received no inquiries from the prefectures of Shimane or Saga. By occupation, housewives accounted for 1,114 inquiries (45.6%), followed by private companies with 447 inquiries (18.3%) and health-care providers with 227 inquiries (9.3%), similar to the 2003-2004 flu season. By subject, 1,545 inquiries concerned vaccines (62.2%) mainly, the pros and cons of vaccination, adverse reactions, and the number of inoculations required. Inquiries about pregnancy, infants and young children, and breast-feeding accounted for 19.2%. Inquiries on vaccine shortages during the 2004-2005 flu season (7), SARS (22), and bird flu (22) decreased compared to the previous season, while the number of consultations on antiviral agents increased (209). In discussing how information on influenza should be communicated to the public, we propose that "Influenza Q & A" provided by the Infectious Diseases Surveillance Center of the NIID, MHLW, should include information on influenza specifically addressing pregnant woman and breast-feeding or child-rearing mothers. PMID:17695791

  17. Evaluation of the Acoustic Doppler Velocity Meter for Computation of Discharge Records at Three Sites in Colorado, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Stevens, Michael R.; Diaz, Paul; Smits, Dennis E.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Colorado Water Conservation Board, conducted a study in 2004-2005 at three sites in Colorado: Bear Creek at Morrison, Clear Creek near Empire, and Redlands Canal near Grand Junction. The study was done to evaluate acoustic Doppler velocity meter (ADVM) technology in different hydrologic settings that are characteristic of many Colorado streamflow-gaging sites. ADVMs have been tested and used extensively in many parts of the United States by USGS but not in Colorado where relatively small, shallow, clear, coarse-bed streams that ice up in the winter may affect the ADVM suitability. In this study, ADVM instrumentation was successfully used and discharge computations compared favorably, generally within 5 to 10 percent, with conventional USGS stage/discharge methods at the three Colorado sites. However, two factors, encountered in this study, may adversely affect the use of ADVM technology in Colorado. First, for some streams, the depth required (about 1.5 feet for a side-looking instrument) cannot be met during low-flow periods of the year. Second, cold temperatures and freezing-thawing cycles can produce ice effects that could prevent collection of usable ADVM (and stage) data.

  18. Cardiac involvement in dengue virus infections during the 2004/2005 dengue fever season in Sri Lanka.

    PubMed

    Wichmann, Dominic; Kularatne, Senanayake; Ehrhardt, Stephan; Wijesinghe, Sriyal; Brattig, Norbert W; Abel, Walter; Burchard, Gerd D

    2009-07-01

    Sri Lanka experienced a dramatic increase in dengue cases (15,400) in the 2004 - 2005 season. We carried out a prospective study to investigate cardiac involvement in dengue virus infected patients during the 2004 - 2005 season in Peradeniya, Central Province, Sri Lanka. Cardiac involvement was defined as elevated levels of myoglobin, creatine kinase-muscle brain-type, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, heart-type fatty acid-binding protein and troponin T. Twenty-five percent of dengue virus infected patients had one or more of the above tests with abnormal results. PMID:19842405

  19. Primary School English Teachers' Perceptions of the English Language Curriculum of 6th, 7th and 8th Grades

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ersen Yanik, Asli

    2008-01-01

    This study aims to investigate how the teachers who have different background characteristics perceive the goals and content of the English language curriculum implemented at the 6th, 7th and 8th grades of public primary schools. The study was conducted during the 2004-2005 school year with 368 English teachers selected from the seven regions of…

  20. Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2004-2005 Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; MacDonald, John; Sehgal, Amber

    2007-01-01

    California counties receiving funds from Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act (JJCPA) programs are required to report six outcome measures to the California State Legislature on an annual basis to measure the success of the program. These outcome measures are (1) successful completion of probation, (2) arrests, (3) probation violations, (4)…

  1. Los Angeles County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act: Fiscal Year 2004-2005. Report Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; MacDonald, John; Sehgal, Amber

    2007-01-01

    This document summarizes a report focusing on California counties receiving funds from Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act (JJCPA) programs. These counties are required to report six outcome measures to the California State Legislature on an annual basis to measure the success of the program. These outcome measures are (1) successful completion…

  2. Catalog of Mount St. Helens 2004 - 2005 Tephra Samples with Major- and Trace-Element Geochemistry

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Rowe, Michael C.; Thornber, Carl R.; Gooding, Daniel J.; Pallister, John S.

    2008-01-01

    This open-file report presents a catalog of information about 135 ash samples along with geochemical analyses of bulk ash, glass and individual mineral grains from tephra deposited as a result of volcanic activity at Mount St. Helens, Washington, from October 1, 2004 until August 15, 2005. This data, in conjunction with that in a companion report on 2004?2007 Mount St. Helens dome samples by Thornber and others (2008a) are presented in support of the contents of the U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1750 (Sherrod and others, ed., 2008). Readers are referred to appropriate chapters in USGS Professional Paper 1750 for detailed narratives of eruptive activity during this time period and for interpretations of sample characteristics and geochemical data presented here. All ash samples reported herein are currently archived at the David A. Johnston Cascades Volcano Observatory in Vancouver, Washington. The Mount St. Helens 2004?2005 Tephra Sample Catalogue along with bulk, glass and mineral geochemistry are tabulated in 6 worksheets of the accompanying Microsoft Excel file, of2008-1131.xls. Samples in all tables are organized by collection date. Table 1 is a detailed catalog of sample information for tephra deposited downwind of Mount St. Helens between October 1, 2004 and August 18, 2005. Table 2 provides major- and trace-element analyses of 8 bulk tephra samples collected throughout that interval. Major-element compositions of 82 groundmass glass fragments, 420 feldspar grains, and 213 mafic (clinopyroxene, amphibole, hypersthene, and olivine) mineral grains from 12 ash samples collected between October 1, 2004 and March 8, 2005 are presented in tables 3 through 5. In addition, trace-element abundances of 198 feldspars from 11 ash samples (same samples as major-element analyses) are provided in table 6. Additional mineral and bulk ash analyses from 2004 and 2005 ash samples are published in chapters 30 (oxide thermometry; Pallister and others, 2008), 32

  3. The Student Guide: High School Seniors/College Students, 2004-2005.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education, Washington, DC.

    This guide explains student financial aid programs the U.S. Department of Education's Federal Student Aid (FSA) office administers. The first three pages are a quick reference; the rest of the publication provides more of what you need to know about the financial aid programs offered. (AMT)

  4. Extended School Year Analysis Aids.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Willitt S.

    The ESY Analysis Aids are a collection of materials and procedures related to and organized for use in making decisions concerning year-round school program alternatives. They are restricted largely to procedures dealing with the budgetary impact of school calendar manipulation, but can be used as a guide in monitoring progress in an ESY…

  5. Everyday Understandings of Peace and Non-Peace: Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding at a US Midwestern High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brantmeier, Edward J.

    2007-01-01

    This article reports findings from a critical ethnographic action research project at a US Midwestern high school in the 2004-2005 academic year. The project engaged seven teacher inquirers in an intercultural peace curricula development process. Data collected from participant observation, from personal interviews and from focus group meetings…

  6. The unprecedented optical outburst of the quasar 3C 454.3. The WEBT campaign of 2004-2005

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Villata, M.; Raiteri, C. M.; Balonek, T. J.; Aller, M. F.; Jorstad, S. G.; Kurtanidze, O. M.; Nicastro, F.; Nilsson, K.; Aller, H. D.; Arai, A.; Arkharov, A.; Bach, U.; Benítez, E.; Berdyugin, A.; Buemi, C. S.; Böttcher, M.; Carosati, D.; Casas, R.; Caulet, A.; Chen, W. P.; Chiang, P.-S.; Chou, Y.; Ciprini, S.; Coloma, J. M.; di Rico, G.; Díaz, C.; Efimova, N. V.; Forsyth, C.; Frasca, A.; Fuhrmann, L.; Gadway, B.; Gupta, S.; Hagen-Thorn, V. A.; Harvey, J.; Heidt, J.; Hernandez-Toledo, H.; Hroch, F.; Hu, C.-P.; Hudec, R.; Ibrahimov, M. A.; Imada, A.; Kamata, M.; Kato, T.; Katsuura, M.; Konstantinova, T.; Kopatskaya, E.; Kotaka, D.; Kovalev, Y. Y.; Kovalev, Yu. A.; Krichbaum, T. P.; Kubota, K.; Kurosaki, M.; Lanteri, L.; Larionov, V. M.; Larionova, L.; Laurikainen, E.; Lee, C.-U.; Leto, P.; Lähteenmäki, A.; López-Cruz, O.; Marilli, E.; Marscher, A. P.; McHardy, I. M.; Mondal, S.; Mullan, B.; Napoleone, N.; Nikolashvili, M. G.; Ohlert, J. M.; Postnikov, S.; Pursimo, T.; Ragni, M.; Ros, J. A.; Sadakane, K.; Sadun, A. C.; Savolainen, T.; Sergeeva, E. A.; Sigua, L. A.; Sillanpää, A.; Sixtova, L.; Sumitomo, N.; Takalo, L. O.; Teräsranta, H.; Tornikoski, M.; Trigilio, C.; Umana, G.; Volvach, A.; Voss, B.; Wortel, S.

    2006-07-01

    Context: .The radio quasar 3C 454.3 underwent an exceptional optical outburst lasting more than 1 year and culminating in spring 2005. The maximum brightness detected was R=12.0, which represents the most luminous quasar state thus far observed (MB ˜ -31.4). Aims: .In order to follow the emission behaviour of the source in detail, a large multiwavelength campaign was organized by the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope (WEBT). Methods: .Continuous optical, near-IR and radio monitoring was performed in several bands. ToO pointings by the Chandra and INTEGRAL satellites provided additional information at high energies in May 2005. Results: .The historical radio and optical light curves show different behaviours. Until about 2001.0 only moderate variability was present in the optical regime, while prominent and long-lasting radio outbursts were visible at the various radio frequencies, with higher-frequency variations preceding the lower-frequency ones. After that date, the optical activity increased and the radio flux is less variable. This suggests that the optical and radio emissions come from two separate and misaligned jet regions, with the inner optical one acquiring a smaller viewing angle during the 2004-2005 outburst. Moreover, the colour-index behaviour (generally redder-when-brighter) during the outburst suggests the presence of a luminous accretion disc. A huge mm outburst followed the optical one, peaking in June-July 2005. The high-frequency (37-43 GHz) radio flux started to increase in early 2005 and reached a maximum at the end of our observing period (end of September 2005). VLBA observations at 43 GHz during the summer confirm the brightening of the radio core and show an increasing polarization. An exceptionally bright X-ray state was detected in May 2005, corresponding to the rising mm flux and suggesting an inverse-Compton nature of the hard X-ray spectrum. Conclusions: .A further multifrequency monitoring effort is needed to follow the next phases of

  7. Literature review: the best new articles in the specialty of allergy, asthma, and immunology, 2004-2005.

    PubMed

    Bellanti, Joseph A

    2006-01-01

    A series of eight articles from the published literature for the period 2004-2005 was selected for review in this article. Small-airway obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its management were the subjects of the first two articles reviewed in this commentary. Progression of COPD from the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stages 0-4 was found to be most strongly associated with thickening of the airway wall and each of its compartments by a repair or remodeling process. Management of COPD, including the addition of pulmonary rehabilitation to treatment regimens, may reduce symptoms and improve exercise performance. The addition of theophylline or an inhaled corticosteroid (or both) to optimal inhaled bronchodilator therapy together with aggressive treatment of hypoxemia were suggested to provide additional benefits and lung-volume-reduction surgery and transplantation were recommended as other treatment options for a subgroup of patients with very severe disease. The next three articles addressed the impact of outdoor and indoor air pollution and the effects of childhood asthma as antecedents of asthma in the adult in later life. Current levels of air pollution are known to have chronic, adverse effects on lung development in children from age 10 to 18 years, leading to clinically significant deficits in attained forced expiratory volume in one second as children reach adulthood. Among inner-city children with atopic asthma, an individualized, home-based, comprehensive environmental intervention resulted in reduced asthma-associated morbidity and supported that a multifaceted, home-based, environmental intervention approach may be beneficial. The prognosis of childhood allergic asthma in adulthood was found to be determined largely early in life and the degree of atopy appeared to be a critical determinant of asthma persistence. The next article reviewed the controversial area of the treatment of chronic

  8. [New indications for the inactivated influenza vaccine in the pediatric population (2004-2005)].

    PubMed

    Reina, J

    2005-07-01

    Several epidemiological studies have indicated that, in all countries and in distinct epidemic years, the highest rates of influenza infection (between 15% and 42%) occur in the pediatric population, especially in school-aged children. Over various influenza seasons, the rates of annual outpatient visits attributable to influenza vary from 6-29% of children. Influenza and its complications have been reported to result in a 10-30% increase in the number of antibiotic courses prescribed to children during the influenza season. Current percentages of influenza vaccination in children are very low, although the hospitalization rates for infectious complications in children under 5 years are at least equal to those observed in individuals aged more than 65 years. The reasons for these low immunization rates are unknown, but many factors could be involved, especially the need for annual revaccination. In 2003 the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended influenza immunization only in children at high risk for influenza complications and in those living with someone in a high-risk group. However, they encouraged vaccination of all children aged 6-23 months old. After a review of various epidemiological studies, in 2004 both the ACIP and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended systematic immunization of all healthy children within this age group. However, both institutions advise that before the routine introduction of influenza immunization in all children aged 6-23 months old, immunization programs in high-risk children need to be implemented. PMID:15989871

  9. Center for Victims of Torture--Guinea 2004-2005 International Mental Health Team: international humanitarian award.

    PubMed

    2006-11-01

    Presents the citation for the Center for Victims of Torture--Guinea 2004-2005 International Mental Health Team, who received the International Humanitarian Award "for their outstanding commitment to the healing of torture victims and to educating the world community about torture and war trauma." A brief profile of the Center is presented, as well as the Center's award address, entitled Trauma Healing in Refugee Camps in Guinea: A Psychosocial Program for Liberian and Sierra Leonean Survivors of Torture and War. ((c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:17115851

  10. Credit Policies for Courses in Minnesota Colleges & Universities: Advanced Placement, 2004-2005.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This guide is intended to aid high school students in their educational planning. Colleges and universities state their policies in granting college credit for successful completion of Advanced Placement (AP) examinations in high school. The guide also represents certification of these policies to the Department of Education and to the Minnesota…

  11. Credit Policies for Courses in Minnesota Colleges & Universities. International Baccalaureate, 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    This guide is intended to aid high school students in their educational planning. It is a venue wherein colleges and universities state clearly their policies in granting college credit for successful completion of International Baccalaureate (IB) examinations in high school. The guide also represents certification of these policies to the…

  12. Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Organizations 2004-2005. Seventh-Annual Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molnar, Alex; Garcia, David; Sullivan, Carolyn; McEvoy, Brendan; Joanou, Jamie

    2005-01-01

    This annual report, in its seventh edition, found that Education Management Organizations (EMOs) tend to focus on managing charter primary schools and on enrolling relatively large numbers of students in those schools. Fifty-nine EMOs operate in 24 states and the District of Columbia, enrolling some 239,766 students. The report is the most…

  13. New Mexico School District Profile, 1979-80 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavatta, Jerry C., Comp.

    Representing a broad cross section of data bearing on the operation and performance of public schools in New Mexico during the school year 1979-80, the document presents data on school district characteristics, teacher characteristics, pupil characteristics, school finance, high school graduates, American College Testing (ACT) results, and results…

  14. Monitoring of Downstream Salmon and Steelhead at Federal Hydroelectric Facilities, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Martinson, Rick D.; Kamps, Jeffrey W.; Kovalchuk, Gregory M.

    2005-02-02

    The 2004 river flows were near or below the historical average for each month of the fish passage season (Mar-Oct) at John Day and Bonneville. These flow levels provided average migration conditions for juvenile salmonids, comparable to 2003. The number of fish handled at John Day increased from 166,209 in 2003 to 412,797 in 2004. This dramatic increase is due entirely to an increased sample rate to get fish for researchers, from an average of 8.5% last year to 18.5% this year. In the spring, 83% of fish sampled were for research, and in the fall, 92% were for research. Unusually small subyearling Chinook, on average 10 millimeters shorter than last year, made meeting the 110 mm fork length or 13 gram requirement difficult. Consequently, we had to sample even more fish to get the number required by researchers. Passage timing at John Day was similar to previous years, with the 10% and 90% dates within a week of last year for all species. Descaling was lower than last year for all species except sockeye and below the historical average for all species. At 5.4%, sockeye descaling was 2% higher than any other species. Mortality, while up from last year for all species and higher than the historical average for all species except sockeye, continued to be low, below 1% for all species. The number of fish sampled at Bonneville was five and one half times the number sampled last year, from 80,687 to 444,580. Like John Day, this increase resulted from research fish collections. Passage timing at Bonneville was early for spring migrants, with record early 10%, 50%, and 90% dates for yearling Chinook, unclipped steelhead, and coho. Clipped steelhead also passed Bonneville earlier than normal, with record early 50% and 90% dates and only missing the 10% date by two days. Sockeye were the exception this year with the 10% date only a couple of days different than the 50% date for three previous years and the latest 90% date of any year, except of 2001. The middle 80% of the

  15. 78 FR 50113 - Distribution of 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 Cable Royalty Funds

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-16

    ... September 16, 2013. ADDRESSES: Participants must submit an original, five paper copies, and an electronic..., music, etc.). For broadcast years 2006 through 2009, the parties settled their controversies. The...

  16. Year-Round versus Traditional Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyttle, LeighAnne

    2011-01-01

    This document serves as a literature review for the practicality and cost effectiveness of traditional versus year-round school systems. The differences in year-round and traditional schools are many, as the debate lingers on which type is best for students' learning. Generally conclusive, the literature indicates that year-round schools' benefits…

  17. Assessment of Native Salmonids Above Hells Canyon Dam, Idaho, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Meyer, Kevin A.; Lamansky, Jr., James A.

    2005-08-01

    In the western United States, exotic brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis frequently have a deleterious effect on native salmonids, and biologists often attempt to remove brook trout in streams using electrofishing. Although the success of electrofishing removal projects typically is low, few studies have assessed the underlying mechanisms of failure, especially in terms of compensatory responses. We evaluated the effectiveness of a three-year removal project in reducing brook trout and enhancing native salmonids in 7.8 km of an Idaho stream and looked for brook trout compensatory responses such as decreased natural mortality, increased growth, increased fecundity at length, or earlier maturation. Due to underestimates of the distribution of brook trout in the first year and personnel shortages in the third year, the multiagency watershed advisory group that performed the project fully treated the stream (i.e. multipass removals over the entire stream) in only one year. In 1998, 1999, and 2000, a total of 1,401, 1,241, and 890 brook trout were removed, respectively. For 1999 and 2000, an estimated 88 and 79% of the total number of brook trout in the stream were removed. For the section of stream that was treated in all years, the abundance of age-1 and older brook trout decreased by 85% from 1998 to 2003. In the same area, the abundance of age-0 brook trout decreased 86% from 1998 to 1999 but by 2003 had rebounded to near the original abundance. Abundance of native redband trout Oncorhynchus mykiss decreased for age-1 and older fish but did not change significantly for age-0 fish. Despite high rates of removal, total annual survival rate for brook trout increased from 0.08 {+-} 0.02 in 1998 to 0.20 {+-} 0.04 in 1999 and 0.21 {+-} 0.04 in 2000. Growth of age-0 brook trout was significantly higher in 2000 (the year after their abundance was lowest) compared to other years, and growth of age-1 and age-2 brook trout was significantly lower following the initial removal

  18. Umatilla River Subbasin Fish Habitat Improvement Program, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    St. Hilaire, Danny R.

    2006-02-01

    This annual report is in fulfillment of contractual obligations with Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), which is the funding source for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife's (ODFW), Umatilla River Subbasin Fish Habitat Improvement Program (Program). The Program works cooperatively with private landowners to develop long-term restoration, under which, passive and active Habitat Improvement Projects are conducted. Historically, projects have included livestock exclusion fencing (passive restoration) to protect riparian habitats, along with the installation of instream structures (active restoration) to address erosion and improve fish habitat. In recent years, the focus of active restoration has shifted to bioengineering treatments and, more recently, to channel re-design and reconstruction aimed at improving fish habitat, by restoring stable channel function. This report provides a summary of Program activities for the 2004 calendar year (January 1 through December 31, 2004), within each of the four main project phases, including: (1) Implementation--Pre-Work, (2) Implementation--On Site Development, (3) Operation and Maintenance, and (4) Monitoring and Evaluation. This report also summarizes Program Administrative, Interagency Coordination, and Public Education activities.

  19. Analysis of pesticides in surface water and sediment from Yolo Bypass, California, 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Smalling, Kelly L.; Orlando, James L.; Kuivila, Kathryn M.

    2005-01-01

    Inputs to the Yolo Bypass are potential sources of pesticides that could impact critical life stages of native fish. To assess the direct inputs during inundation, pesticide concentrations were analyzed in water, in suspended and bed-sediment samples collected from six source watersheds to the Yolo Bypass, and from three sites within the Bypass in 2004 and 2005. Water samples were collected in February 2004 from the six input sites to the Bypass during the first flood event of the year representing pesticide inputs during high-flow events. Samples were also collected along a transect across the Bypass in early March 2004 and from three sites within the Bypass in the spring of 2004 under low-flow conditions. Low-flow data were used to understand potential pesticide contamination and its effects on native fish if water from these areas were used to flood the Bypass in dry years. To assess loads of pesticides to the Bypass associated with suspended sediments, large-volume water samples were collected during high flows in 2004 and 2005 from three sites, whereas bed sediments were collected from six sites in the fall of 2004 during the dry season. Thirteen current-use pesticides were detected in surface water samples collected during the study. The highest pesticide concentrations detected at the input sites to the Bypass corresponded to the first high-flow event of the year. The highest pesticide concentrations at the two sites sampled within the Bypass during the early spring were detected in mid-April following a major flood event as the water began to subside. The pesticides detected and their concentrations in the surface waters varied by site; however, hexazinone and simazine were detected at all sites and at some of the highest concentrations. Thirteen current-use pesticides and three organochlorine insecticides were detected in bed and suspended sediments collected in 2004 and 2005. The pesticides detected and their concentrations varied by site and sediment

  20. Transition to High School: School "Choice" & Freshman Year in Philadelphia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Eva; Evans, Shani Adia; Haxton, Clarisse; Maluk, Holly; Mitchell, Cecily; Simon, Elaine; Good, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    The School District of Philadelphia's tiered system of selective, nonselective, and charter high schools, and the process for high school choice, has created real variation in the degree to which high schools can successfully meet the needs of ninth graders. Research has shown that the ninth grade year is critical in determining a student's…

  1. Annual Scientific Report 2004-2005 Proton Radiography: Cross Section Measurements and Detector Development

    SciTech Connect

    Michael J. Longo

    2005-03-11

    Our research grant provides support for a program to measure forward production of neutrons and photons produced by high-energy proton beams striking a variety of targets. This will provide data essential to proton radiography. This work is carried out in conjunction with the Fermilab E-907 (MIPP) collaboration including physicists from Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Our group is responsible for the E907 forward neutron/photon calorimeters. We are taking a leading role in obtaining and analyzing the forward production data and in helping to develop an optimal detector for proton radiography. With the support of our Stewardship Science Academic Alliances Grant DE-FG03-03NA00077, we were able to design, build, and commission the calorimeters on budget and ahead of schedule. E-907 officially started physics running at Fermilab in January 2005. We expect to continue data taking through October 2005. The analysis of the data, which we expect will be challenging because data from many different detector systems must be understood and merged, will take several years. Our group is in a unique position to complete the measurements, analyze the data, and help set up a database to be used by LLNL and LANL to make this information accessible for proton radiography. This work will be done in conjunction with the Livermore Laboratory High Energy Physics and Computational Nuclear Physics Groups. The project is meeting or exceeding its technical milestones, while remaining within its budget.

  2. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : West Beaver Lake, 2004-2005 Technical Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Entz, Ray

    2005-02-01

    On September 7, 2004, the Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to determine baseline habitat suitability on the West Beaver Lake property, an acquisition completed by the Kalispel Tribe of Indians in September 2004. Evaluation species and appropriate models include bald eagle, black-capped chickadee, mallard, muskrat, and white-tailed deer. Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) values were visually estimated and agreed upon by all HEP team members. The West Beaver Lake Project provides a total of 103.08 Habitat Units (HUs) for the species evaluated. Emergent wetland habitat provides 7.17 HUs for mallard and muskrat. Conifer forest habitat provides 95.91 HUs for bald eagle, black-capped chickadee, mallard, and white-tailed deer. The objective of using HEP at the West Beaver Lake Project and other protected properties is to document the quality and quantity of available habitat for selected wildlife species. In this way, HEP provides information on the relative value of the same area at future points in time so that the effect of management activities on wildlife habitat can be quantified. When combined with other tools, the baseline HEP will be used to determine the most effective on-site management, restoration, and enhancement actions to increase habitat suitability for targeted species. The same process will be replicated every five years to quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of management strategies in improving and maintaining habitat conditions while providing additional crediting to BPA for enhanced habitat values.

  3. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report; Calispell Creek Project, Technical Report 2004-2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Entz, Ray

    2005-02-01

    On July 13, 2004, the Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to determine baseline habitat suitability on the Calispell Creek property, an acquisition completed by the Kalispel Tribe of Indians in February 2004. Evaluation species and appropriate models include Canada goose, mallard, muskrat, yellow warbler, and white-tailed deer. Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) values were visually estimated and agreed upon by all HEP team members. The Calispell Creek Project provides a total of 138.17 Habitat Units (HUs) for the species evaluated. Emergent wetland habitat provides 5.16 HUs for mallard and muskrat. Grassland provides 132.02 HUs for mallard and Canada goose. Scrub-shrub vegetation provides 0.99 HUs for yellow warbler and white-tailed deer. The objective of using HEP at the Calispell Creek Project and other protected properties is to document the quality and quantity of available habitat for selected wildlife species. In this way, HEP provides information on the relative value of the same area at future points in time so that the effect of management activities on wildlife habitat can be quantified. When combined with other tools, the baseline HEP will be used to determine the most effective on-site management, restoration, and enhancement actions to increase habitat suitability for targeted species. The same process will be replicated every five years to quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of management strategies in improving and maintaining habitat conditions while providing additional crediting to BPA for enhanced habitat values.

  4. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report; Upper Trimble Project, Technical Report 2004-2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Entz, Ray

    2005-02-01

    On July 13, 2004, the Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) was used to determine baseline habitat suitability on the Upper Trimble property, an acquisition completed by the Kalispel Tribe of Indians in March 2004. Evaluation species and appropriate models include bald eagle, black-capped chickadee, Canada goose, mallard, muskrat, yellow warbler, and white-tailed deer. Habitat Suitability Index (HSI) values were visually estimated and agreed upon by all HEP team members. The Upper Trimble Project provides a total of 250.67 Habitat Units (HUs) for the species evaluated. Wet meadow provides 136.92 HUs for mallard, muskrat, and Canada goose. Mixed forest habitat provides 111.88 HUs for bald eagle, black-capped chickadee, mallard, and white-tailed deer. Scrub-shrub vegetation provides 1.87 HUs for yellow warbler, and white-tailed deer. The objective of using HEP at the Upper Trimble Project and other protected properties is to document the quality and quantity of available habitat for selected wildlife species. In this way, HEP provides information on the relative value of the same area at future points in time so that the effect of management activities on wildlife habitat can be quantified. When combined with other tools, the baseline HEP will be used to determine the most effective on-site management, restoration, and enhancement actions to increase habitat suitability for targeted species. The same process will be replicated every five years to quantitatively evaluate the effectiveness of management strategies in improving and maintaining habitat conditions while providing additional crediting to BPA for enhanced habitat values.

  5. Evaluation of Fall Chinook and Chum Salmon Spawning below Bonneville Dam; 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    van der Naald, Wayne; Duff, Cameron; Friesen, Thomas A.

    2006-02-01

    Pacific salmon Oncorhynchus spp. populations have declined over the last century due to a variety of human impacts. Chum salmon O. keta populations in the Columbia River have remained severely depressed for the past several decades, while upriver bright (URB) fall Chinook salmon O. tschawytscha populations have maintained relatively healthy levels. For the past seven years we have collected data on adult spawning and juvenile emergence and outmigration of URB fall Chinook and chum salmon populations in the Ives and Pierce islands complex below Bonneville Dam. In 2004, we estimated 1,733 fall Chinook salmon and 336 chum salmon spawned in our study area. Fall Chinook salmon spawning peaked 19 November with 337 redds and chum salmon spawning peaked 3 December with 148 redds. Biological characteristics continue to suggest chum salmon in our study area are similar to nearby stocks in Hardy and Hamilton creeks, and Chinook salmon we observe are similar to upriver bright stocks. Temperature data indicated that 2004 brood URB fall Chinook salmon emergence began on 6 January and ended 27 May 2005, with peak emergence occurring 12 March. Chum salmon emergence began 4 February and continued through 2 May 2005, with peak emergence occurring on 21 March. Between 13 January and 28 June, we sampled 28,984 juvenile Chinook salmon and 1,909 juvenile chum salmon. We also released 32,642 fin-marked and coded-wire tagged juvenile fall Chinook salmon to assess survival. The peak catch of juvenile fall Chinook salmon occurred on 18 April. Our results suggested that the majority of fall Chinook salmon outmigrate during late May and early June, at 70-80 mm fork length (FL). The peak catch of juvenile chum salmon occurred 25 March. Juvenile chum salmon appeared to outmigrate at 40-55 mm FL. Outmigration of chum salmon peaked in March but extended into April and May.

  6. Aura's Microwave Limb Sounder Estimates of Ozone Loss, 2004/2005 Arctic Winter

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2005-01-01

    These data maps from Aura's Microwave Limb Sounder depict levels of hydrogen chloride (top), chlorine monoxide (center), and ozone (bottom) at an altitude of approximately 19 kilometers (490,000 feet) on selected days during the 2004-05 Arctic winter. White contours demark the boundary of the winter polar vortex.

    The maps from December 23, 2004, illustrate vortex conditions shortly before significant chemical ozone destruction began. By January 23, 2005, chlorine is substantially converted from the 'safe' form of hydrogen chloride, which is depleted throughout the vortex, to the 'unsafe' form of chlorine monoxide, which is enhanced in the portions of the region that receive sunlight at that time of year. Ozone increased over the month as a result of dynamical effects, and chemical ozone destruction is just beginning at this time. A brief period of intense cold a few days later promotes further chlorine activation and consequent changes in hydrogen chloride and chlorine monoxide levels on January 27, 2005. Peak chlorine monoxide enhancement occurs in early February.

    By February 24, 2005, chlorine deactivation is well underway, with chlorine monoxide abundances dropping and hydrogen chloride abundances rising. Almost all chlorine monoxide has been quenched by March 10, 2005. The fact that hydrogen chloride has not fully rebounded to December abundances suggests that some of that chemical was recovered into another chlorine reservoir species.

    Ozone maps for January 27, 2005, through March 10, 2005, show indications of mixing of air from outside the polar vortex into it. Such occurrences throughout this winter, especially in late February and early March, complicate analyses, and detailed calculations are required to rigorously disentangle chemical and dynamical effects and accurately diagnose chemical ozone destruction.

    Based on various analyses of Microwave Limb Sounder data, we estimate that maximum local ozone loss of approximately 2 parts

  7. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Investigations; White Sturgeon Spawning and Recruitment Evaluation, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Rust, Pete; Wakkinen, Virginia

    2006-05-01

    The objective of this research was to determine the environmental requirements for successful spawning and recruitment of the Kootenai River white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus population. Annual tasks include monitoring and evaluating the response of various life stages of Kootenai River white sturgeon to mitigation flows supplied by the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). Sampling for adult Kootenai River white sturgeon in 2004 began in March and continued into May. One hundred forty-two adult white sturgeon were captured with 4,146 hours of angling and set-lining effort in the Kootenai River. Kootenai River discharge and stage at Bonners Ferry in 2004 peaked in mid December. Discharge remained below 400 cubic meters per second (cms) until June 1; then, because of a systems operations request (SOR), increased and remained between 480 and 540 cms through the end of June. From July through September, discharge ranged from 360 to 420 cms, decreasing to 168 cms by the end of October. Discharge increased again to above 625 cms by November 4 to increase winter storage in Lake Koocanusa and ranged from 310 to 925 cms through the end of December. We monitored the movements of 31 adult sturgeon in Kootenay Lake, British Columbia (BC) and the Kootenai River from mid-March until late August 2004. All telemetered fish were dual tagged with external sonic and radio transmitters, and some of the fish were tagged in previous years. Eighteen of the 31 telemetered adult white sturgeon were released at Hemlock Bar reach (rkm 260.0) as part of a research project to test the feasibility of moving sexually mature adult white sturgeon to areas with habitat types thought to be more suitable for successful egg hatching and early life stage recruitment. Marked fish were monitored from the time of release until they moved downstream of Bonners Ferry. Sampling for white sturgeon eggs with artificial substrate mats began May 3 and ended June 10, 2004. We sampled 650 mat days

  8. Object-oriented and traditional precipitation verification of the 2004--2005 SPC/NSSL spring programs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pasch, Adam N.

    Operational models have tended to be designed to produce smoothly varying quantitative precipitation forecast (QPF). The implementation of higher resolution mesoscale meteorological models has created a need to improve the techniques used to verify these model forecasts, because traditional verification metrics such as the equitable threat score and critical success index (ETS and CSI) penalize QPF from high resolution numerical models that have small positional error or incorrect shape with low correlation coefficients, high root mean square errors and poor categorical statistics. It has been show in recent studies that object-oriented verification approaches, like the Ebert-McBride Technique (EMT), have the potential for providing new useful verification information that cannot be obtained using standard approaches. The EMT is an object-oriented verification technique which uses contiguous rain areas (CRA) and provides and events based error decomposition. The error can be resolved into components due to displacement, volume, and pattern. The pattern error can be further decomposed into errors due to rotation. The model QPF from different configurations of the Weather Research and Forecasting model (WRF) run during the 2004 and 2005 Spring Programs by the Storm Prediction Center (SPC) and the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) was compared to the Stage II rainfall analysis data using a modified EMT. The EMT when run across a variety of forecasts can reveal systematic model errors and lead to a better understanding of overall model performance. The objective of the present study was to illicit the systematic model biases during the 2004-2005 Spring Program. If systematic biases are known, then the data can be statistically corrected to account for these biases. The modified EMT provided the information which allowed for an investigation into systematic model biases. This method would provide useful information allowing for more guided precipitation forecasts

  9. Year-Round School. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Karen

    2009-01-01

    Despite the numerous advantages of a year-round schedule, there are significant political hurdles to its implementation. The most successful year-round schools are those where leaders worked closely with staff and families to maximize the benefits, minimize the costs, and build support for modifying the traditional school calendar. The research on…

  10. The Four Quarter School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henson, E. Curtis

    To meet the changing needs of its young people, Atlanta Public Schools searched for an organizational structure that would (1) permit more flexibility and individualization of instruction; (2) allow pupils to take one course, two courses, or a combination of courses and activities; (3) permit a wider selection of options; and (4) expand the school…

  11. The Rescheduled School Year. A Statement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Withycombe, Dick, Ed.

    This report is intended as a summative overview of the current research and program information related to the rescheduled school year. As such, it deals with (1) present models of rescheduling, (2) the school vacation, (3) basic comparative cost analysis, (4) busing requirements, (5) curriculum design requirements, (6) career opportunities for…

  12. Comparing Different All-Year School Designs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richmond, Mossie J., Jr.

    1979-01-01

    Although the Forty-Five-Fifteen extended school year design is a modification of the Nine-Three concept, a school community can receive the same basic results from the implementation of either design. The basic differences are found in the titles of the designs and in the methods of establishing the initial rotating-cycles. (Author/NQ)

  13. New American Schools after Six Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glennan, Thomas K., Jr.

    This book describes the evolution of New American Schools (NAS) and its strategy for reform during its first 6 years of operation. After a short introduction in chapter 1, chapter 2 outlines the potential contribution of school designs and design-based assistance to education reform, focusing on the nature of NAS designs, the character of…

  14. Capital High Academy for Ninth Graders Exceeding Standards (CHANGES): Description and Evaluation of the 2004-2005 Implementation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hughes, Georgia K.; Copley, Lisa D.; Baker, Aaron A.

    2005-01-01

    Although transitioning from school to school can be challenging at any level, the transition to high school may be particularly fraught with challenge because students are experiencing a change in schools as well as the physical, emotional, and psychological changes inherent to adolescence. Educators and researchers agree that ninth grade is a…

  15. A Year-Round School Cost Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Robert W.

    This study involved the development and use of a cost model to assess the economic consequences of the introduction of a year-round school (YRS) program. The cost model has two components. First, a comprehensive accounting procedure details the costs unique to a year-round calendar and estimates the costs that would have been incurred if the…

  16. Opening of School and Lifelong Learning--25 Years of Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lenzen, Klaus-Dieter; Tillmann, Klaus-Jurgen; Weingart, Gail

    The Laboratory School in Bielefeld, Germany, is an experimental school that is part of the University of Bielefeld. The Laboratory School is an integrated comprehensive school for children aged 5-16 years. Pupils are not separated by streaming and do not receive letter grades until their 10th year of school. The Laboratory School makes extensive…

  17. Las Cruces Public Schools: A View of Our Schools, 1986-87 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavatta, Jerry C.

    Las Cruces Public Schools (Dona Ana County, New Mexico) is the second largest school district in New Mexico serving 6% of the state's public school students. Enrollment, declining in the late 1970s to a 1980-81 low of 15,349 students, has increased steadily through the 1986-87 school year, when 17,207 students were enrolled, primarily in grades…

  18. Years and Intensity of Schooling Investment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leibowitz, Arleen

    1976-01-01

    Calculates human capital earnings functions over 20 years for 822 men (the Terman sample) and argues that the percentage of gross earnings invested in education may fall below 100 percent well before school ends. (Available from the Secretary's Office, American Economic Association, 1313 21st Ave., South, Nashville, Tennessee 37212) (Author/JG)

  19. The Twenty-Year High School Reunion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollister, Bernard C.

    1990-01-01

    Describes a technique to teach students about U.S. society that involves: assigning each person an imaginary occupation and family statistics. Students attend a mock 20-year high school class reunion. The class discussion that follows this activity explores group dynamics and social patterns that evolve along class lines. (GG)

  20. The Business Schools: 50 Years on

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to offer a critique of the development of university business schools over the last 50 years and provide a perspective on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the publication of the journal Education + Training. Design/methodology/approach: The approach is critical and reflexive, reviewing the historical growth of…

  1. Is Year-Round Schooling on Track?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dessoff, Alan

    2011-01-01

    For administrators, teachers, students and their families in some districts, summer isn't what it used to be. Trying to stem a "summer slide" of learning loss by students and also to avoid having to build more schools to cope with overcrowding, districts are operating on year-round schedules that shorten the traditional summer vacation while…

  2. The School Year that Changed a Nation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching Tolerance, 2007

    2007-01-01

    On September 4, 1957, 16-year-old Minnijean Brown headed off to her new school, Central High in Little Rock, Ark. She and eight other black youths were slated to become the first African Americans to attend all-white Central High. When they arrived that morning, the "Little Rock Nine," as they would become known, were greeted, not by teachers or…

  3. Super Start-the-School-Year Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldish, Meish

    1991-01-01

    Presents interactive activities and games designed to help teachers get to know new students quickly and help the students become comfortable with each other and their surroundings as the school year starts. The article addresses how to explore the new environment, handle concerns and conflicts, and work in cooperative groups. (SM)

  4. School-Community Links: Supporting Learning in the Middle Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Debra; Chodkiewicz, Andrew

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports on research into how schools, parents and local communities work together to support students' learning during the transition from primary to secondary schools in what is referred to as the middle years of schooling. The research was conducted in four Australian schools within one urban school district. These schools were…

  5. Space geodetic observation of expansion of the San Gabriel Valley, California, aquifer system, during heavy rainfall in winter 2004-2005

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    King, N.E.; Argus, D.; Langbein, J.; Agnew, D.C.; Bawden, G.; Dollar, R.S.; Liu, Z.; Galloway, D.; Reichard, E.; Yong, A.; Webb, F.H.; Bock, Y.; Stark, K.; Barseghian, D.

    2007-01-01

    Starting early in 2005, the positions of GPS stations in the San Gabriel valley region of southern California showed statistically significant departures from their previous behavior. Station LONG moved up by about 47 mm, and nearby stations moved away from LONG by about 10 mm. These changes began during an extremely rainy season in southern California and coincided with a 16-m increase in water level at a nearby well in Baldwin Park and a regional uplift detected by interferometric synthetic aperture radar. No equivalent signals were seen in GPS station position time series elsewhere in southern California. Our preferred explanation, supported by the timing and by a hydrologic simulation, is deformation due to recharging of aquifers after near-record rainfall in 2004-2005. We cannot rule out an aseismic slip event, but we consider such an event unlikely because it requires slip on multiple faults and predicts other signals that are not observed. Copyright 2007 by the American Geophysical Union.

  6. Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity, 2003-04 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Linda

    2004-01-01

    This report discusses school fall Enrollment of Montana based on race/ethnicity for the 2003-2004 school year. Sections include: (1) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity Overview; and (2) Montana School Fall Enrollment by Race/Ethnicity-2003-04 School Year. Fall enrollment data are collected by school, grade, gender, and race/ethnicity…

  7. New Mexico Dropout Study, 1986-87 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borgrink, Henry

    A survey of all New Mexico public schools with students enrolled in grade nine or higher gathered data on the extent and nature of the school dropout problem during the 1986-87 school year. All 88 New Mexico school districts and 100% of the 146 schools surveyed provided information on grade, sex, ethnicity, and reason for dropping out for students…

  8. Reaching Year 12 in Victoria, Australia: Student and School Influences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marks, Gary

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines student and school influences on reaching Year 12, the final year of schooling in Victoria, Australia. It analyses data from the population of students who were in Year 9 in 2008. Male, English-speaking background, government school, and especially Indigenous students were less likely to reach Year 12 than comparison groups.…

  9. White Sturgeon Mitigation and Restoration in the Columbia and Snake Rivers Upstream from Bonneville Dam; 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Rien, Thomas A.; Hughes, Michele L.; Kern, J. Chris

    2006-03-01

    We report on our progress from April 2004 through March 2005 on determining the effects of mitigative measures on productivity of white sturgeon populations in the Columbia River downstream from McNary Dam, and on determining the status and habitat requirements of white sturgeon populations in the Columbia and Snake rivers upstream from McNary Dam. This is a multi-year study with many objectives requiring more than one year to complete; therefore, findings from a given year may be part of more significant findings yet to be reported.

  10. Francis Howell School District: Lessons About Change from Year-Round Schooling's Best Kept Secret.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shields, Carolyn; Oberg, Steven

    2000-01-01

    Uses multiple-voices methodology to describe lessons learned during implementation of year-round school calendar at the Francis Howell School District, the first and longest running year-round school in North America. (Contains 25 references.) (PKP)

  11. Perceptions of Teachers in Their First Year of School Restructuring: Failure to Make Adequate Yearly Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moser, Sharon

    2010-01-01

    The 2007-2008 school year marked the first year Florida's Title I schools that did not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for five consecutive years entered into restructuring as mandated by the "No Child Left Behind Act" of 2001. My study examines the perceptions of teacher entering into their first year of school restructuring due to failure to…

  12. Philadelphia's Renaissance Schools Initiative after Four Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stratos, Kati; Wolford, Tonya; Reitano, Adrienne

    2015-01-01

    In 2010-2011, the School District of Philadelphia (the District) launched its Renaissance Schools Initiative, a program designed to dramatically improve student achievement in the District's lowest performing schools. Some schools became Promise Academies, based on the federal turnaround model, and remained District-operated neighborhood schools.…

  13. 34 CFR 300.106 - Extended school year services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2011-07-01 2010-07-01 true Extended school year services. 300.106 Section 300.106... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.106 Extended school year services. (a) General. (1) Each public agency must ensure that extended school year services are...

  14. 34 CFR 300.106 - Extended school year services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Extended school year services. 300.106 Section 300.106... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.106 Extended school year services. (a) General. (1) Each public agency must ensure that extended school year services are...

  15. 34 CFR 300.106 - Extended school year services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Extended school year services. 300.106 Section 300.106... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.106 Extended school year services. (a) General. (1) Each public agency must ensure that extended school year services are...

  16. 34 CFR 300.106 - Extended school year services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Extended school year services. 300.106 Section 300.106... CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES State Eligibility Other Fape Requirements § 300.106 Extended school year services. (a) General. (1) Each public agency must ensure that extended school year services are...

  17. Kootenai River White Sturgeon Recovery Implementation Plan and Schedule; 2005-2010, Technical Report 2004-2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Anders, Paul

    2007-03-01

    Kootenai River white sturgeon have been declining for at least 50 years and extinction of the wild population is now imminent (Paragamian et al. 2005). Only 630 adults were estimated to remain in 2002 from a population ten times that size just 20 years ago. Significant recruitment of young sturgeon has not been observed since the early 1970s and consistent annual recruitment has not been seen since the 1950s. The remaining wild population consists of a cohort of large, old fish that is declining by about 9% per year as fish die naturally and are not replaced. At this rate, the wild population will disappear around the year 2040. Numbers have already reached critical low levels where genetic and demographic risks are acute. The Kootenai River White Sturgeon Recovery Team was convened in 1994, provided a draft Recovery Plan in 1996 and the first complete Recovery Plan for Kootenai River white sturgeon in 1999 (USFWS 1996, 1999). The Plan outlined a four part strategy for recovery, including: (1) measures to restore natural recruitment, (2) use of conservation aquaculture to prevent extinction, (3) monitoring survival and recovery, and (4) updating and revising recovery plan criteria and objectives as new information becomes available. Sturgeon recovery efforts are occurring against a backdrop of a broader ecosystem protection and restoration program for the Kootenai River ecosystem. With abundance halving time of approximately 8 years, the Kootenai River white sturgeon population is rapidly dwindling, leaving managers little time to act. Decades of study consistently indicate that recruitment failure occurs between embryo and larval stages. This assertion is based on four key observations. First, almost no recruitment has occurred during the last 30 years. Second, thousands of naturally produced white sturgeon embryos, most viable, have been collected over the past decade, resulting from an estimated 9 to 20 spawning events each year. Third, Kootenai River white

  18. Washington Phase II Fish Diversion Screen Evaluations in the Yakima River Basin, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Vucelick, Jessica; McMichael, Geoffrey; Chamness, Mickie

    2006-02-01

    In 2004, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) evaluated 25 Phase II fish screen sites in the Yakima River Basin as part of a multi-year project for the Bonneville Power Administration on the effectiveness of fish screening devices. PNNL collected data to determine whether velocities in front of the screens and in the bypasses met the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries (NOAA Fisheries, formerly the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)) criteria to promote safe and timely fish passage. In addition, PNNL conducted underwater video surveys to evaluate the environmental and operational conditions of the screen sites with respect to fish passage. Based on evaluations in 2004, PNNL concluded that: (1) In general, water velocity conditions at the screen sites met fish passage criteria set by NOAA Fisheries. (2) Conditions at most facilities would be expected to provide for safe juvenile fish passage. (3) Automated cleaning brushes generally functioned properly; chains and other moving parts were typically well-greased and operative. (4) Removal of sediment buildup and accumulated leafy and woody debris could be improved at some sites. (5) Conditions at some facilities indicate that operation and/or maintenance should be modified to improve passage conditions for juvenile fish. For example, Taylor has had problems meeting bypass flow and submergence operating criteria since the main river channel shifted away from the site 2 years ago, and Fruitvale consistently has had problems meeting bypass flow criteria when the water is low. (6) Continued problems at Gleed point to design flaws. This site should be considered for redesign or replacement.

  19. School Transition from Year 6 to Year 7: A Focus on Mathematics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bicknell, Brenda; Hunter, Roberta

    2012-01-01

    Moving from primary school (Year 6) to the next stage in schooling (Year 7 intermediate or middle school) can provide challenges for students, teachers, and parents. A study was carried out to investigate these challenges with a focus on mathematics for 65 students from six different urban primary schools in New Zealand. Qualitative data were…

  20. Escapement and Productivity of Spring Chinook and Summer Steelhead in the John Day River Basin, Technical Report 2004-2005.

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, Wayne

    2007-04-01

    Chinook and 4,913 steelhead during the spring of 2005. We estimated that 130,144 (95% CL's 97,133-168,409) Chinook emigrated from the upper John Day subbasin past our seining area in the Mainstem John Day River (river kilometers 274-296) between February 4 and June 16, 2005. We also estimated that 32,601 (95% CL's 29,651 and 36,264) Chinook and 47,921 (95% CL's 35,025 and 67,366) steelhead migrated past our Mainstem rotary screw trap at river kilometer (rkm) 326 between October 4, 2004 and July 6, 2005. We estimated that 20,193 (95% CL's 17,699 and 22,983) Chinook and 28,980 (95% CL's 19,914 and 43,705) steelhead migrated past our Middle Fork trap (rkm 24) between October 6, 2004 and June 17, 2005. Seventy three percent of PIT tagged steelhead migrants were age-2 fish, 13.8% were age-3, 12.7% were age-2, and 0.3% were age 4. Spring Chinook SAR for the 2002 brood year was estimated at 2.5% (100 returns of 4,000 PIT tagged smolts). Preliminary steelhead SAR (excluding 2-ocean fish) for the 2004 tagging year was estimated at 1.61% (60 returns of 3,732 PIT-tagged migrants).

  1. Climacteric medicine: European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) 2004/2005 position statements on peri- and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy.

    PubMed

    Skouby, Sven O; Al-Azzawi, Farook; Barlow, David; Calaf-Alsina Erdogan Ertüngealp, Joaquin; Gompel, Anne; Graziottin, Alessandra; Hudita, Decebal; Pines, Amos; Rozenberg, Serge; Samsioe, Göran; Stevenson, John C

    2005-05-16

    In women experiencing distressing climacteric symptoms during the peri- and postmenopause there is conclusive evidence from abundant randomised controlled trials that systemic hormone replacement therapy (HRT) of any type affords symptom relief, with no alternative treatment producing similar effect. Though this evidence is accumulating, the question of how to provide best clinical practice in an attempt to both alleviate the menopausal symptoms and prevent the more long-term postmenopausal degenerative diseases is still under debate. When providing climacteric medicine, the dose and regimen of HRT needs to be individualised based on the principle of choosing the lowest appropriate dose in relation to severity of symptoms and on the menopausal age. However, few long-term data on different HRT formulations exist in symptomatic women, which also account for baseline risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), breast cancer and osteoporosis. In most cases, an individualized prescription together with life-style management will sustain possibilities for net beneficial effects on climacteric symptoms, quality of life (QoL), sexuality and osteoporosis, with only rare risk of severe adverse effects. With the perspective provided by recent epidemiological findings, not least from the estrogen only arm of the Women's Health Initiative Study (WHI), European Menopause and Andropause Society (EMAS) supports research activities in symptomatic women with new HRT formulations in order to affect positively the balance of clinical benefit and risk, including specific information on QoL and also account for the traditional differences in treatment modalities between the US and Europe, and the difference in BMI, life-style and diet. In women experiencing an early menopause (<45 year) current data support a specific overall benefit of HRT. At present, more long-term systemic HRT may be considered in women at high risk of osteoporotic fractures, in particular when alternate therapies are

  2. Free School Fruit--Sustained Effect 1 Year Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bere, E.; Veierod, M. B.; Bjelland, M.; Klepp, K.-I.

    2006-01-01

    This study reports the effect of a school-randomized fruit and vegetable intervention consisting of a subscription to the Norwegian School Fruit Programme at no parental cost, and the Fruit and Vegetables Make the Marks (FVMM) educational programme, both delivered in the school year of 2001-02. Nine randomly chosen schools received the…

  3. Lessons Learned: Five Years in the Urban Schools Network.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrew, Erika Nielsen; Dornsife, Carolyn; Flack, Maggie; Hallinan, Mayo Tsuzuki; Jackson, Lola; Raby, Marilyn; Steadman, Mimi Harris

    The 10 chapters in this book provide an overview of 5 years of work by member schools and colleges in the Urban Schools Network, which provides technical assistance to schools in 31 urban areas. "Overview of the Urban Schools Network" (Lola Jackson) is a history, defining purposes, participants, and priorities. "Integrating Academic and Vocational…

  4. Existence under PA's Charter School Law: First Year Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Addie M.

    This paper provides an update on how some new charter schools have fared during the first year of operation under Pennsylvania's charter school legislation (PA Act 22, June 1997). Data should facilitate an examination of the degree to which the legislation supports or inhibits the entrepreneurial school reform practice of charter schools. Twenty…

  5. New Mexico Dropout Study: 1983-1984 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavatta, Jerry C.; Gomez, Albert S.

    Each public school that had students enrolled in grades 9-12 was surveyed to gather data on the extent and nature of the school dropout problem in New Mexico during the 1983-84 school year. Data on grade, sex, ethnicity, and reason for dropping out were collected. Information was obtained from all 88 public school districts and from 99% of the…

  6. Ground Water Quality and Riparian Enhancement Projects in Sherman County, Oregon : Coordination and Technical Assistance, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Faucera, Jason

    2005-06-01

    Natural Resources Conservation Service, assist landowners in developing Resource Management Systems (RMS) that address resource concerns in a specified land unit. These RMS plans are developed using a nine step planning process that acts to balance natural resource issues with economic and social needs. Soil, Water, Air, Plants, Animals, and Human resource concerns are the core focus in developing a framework for improving the efficiency and effectiveness of conservation activities in a given planning unit, while working within the guidelines set forth by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Clean Water Act (CWA), Endangered Species Act (ESA), Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA), National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), and other federal, state, and local laws. Implementation of this project has provided technical and implementation assistance for numerous on the ground projects, including over 50 WASCBs, several thousand feet of terraces, numerous spring developments, fencing, 5 implemented CREP contracts, and the development of 12 additional CREP projects slated for enrollment at the beginning of FY06. Within the past contract year in Sherman County, 355.4 acres of CREP have been enrolled protecting 19.3 miles of riparian habitat. In addition to the increase in on the ground projects, coordination and outreach to solicit conservation projects in Sherman County has increased due to the additional staffing provided by BPA funds. As a result there is an abundance of potential conservation projects for water quality and riparian management improvement. With the sustained availability of coordination and technical assistance provided through this grant, BPA personnel funds will translate to a much higher dollar figure applied on the ground. This project has been very successful in keeping up with the demand for conservation projects within Sherman County.

  7. PR[superscript 2]EPS: Preparation, Recruitment, Retention and Excellence in the Physical Sciences, Including Engineering. A Report on the 2004, 2005 and 2006 Science Summer Camps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bachman, Nancy J.; Bischoff, Paul J.; Gallagher, Hugh; Labroo, Sunil; Schaumloffel, John C.

    2008-01-01

    Now in its fourth year, PR[superscript 2]EPS is a National Science Foundation funded initiative designed to recruit high school students to attend college majoring in the physical sciences, including engineering and secondary science education, and to help ensure their retention within the program until graduation. A central feature of the…

  8. Yakima River Species Interactions Studies; Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Pearsons, Todd N.; Temple, Gabriel M.; Fritts, Anthony L.

    2005-05-01

    This report is intended to satisfy two concurrent needs: (1) provide a contract deliverable from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) to the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), with emphasis on identification of salient results of value to ongoing Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project (YKFP) planning, and (2) summarize results of research that have broader scientific relevance. This is the thirteenth of a series of progress reports that address species interactions research and supplementation monitoring of fishes in response to supplementation of salmon and steelhead in the upper Yakima River basin (Hindman et al. 1991; McMichael et al. 1992; Pearsons et al. 1993; Pearsons et al. 1994; Pearsons et al. 1996; Pearsons et al. 1998, Pearsons et al. 1999, Pearsons et al. 2001a, Pearsons et al. 2001b, Pearsons et al. 2002, Pearsons et al. 2003, Pearsons et al. 2004). Journal articles and book chapters have also been published from our work (McMichael 1993; Martin et al. 1995; McMichael et al. 1997; McMichael and Pearsons 1998; McMichael et al. 1998; Pearsons and Fritts 1999; McMichael et al. 1999; McMichael et al. 1999; Pearsons and Hopley 1999; Ham and Pearsons 2000; Ham and Pearsons 2001; Amaral et al. 2001; McMichael and Pearsons 2001; Pearsons 2002, Fritts and Pearsons 2004, Pearsons et al. in press, Major et al. in press). This progress report summarizes data collected between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2004. These data were compared to findings from previous years to identify general trends and make preliminary comparisons. Interactions between fish produced as part of the YKFP, termed target species or stocks, and other species or stocks (non-target taxa) may alter the population status of non-target species or stocks. This may occur through a variety of mechanisms, such as competition, predation, and interbreeding (Pearsons et al. 1994; Busack et al. 1997; Pearsons and Hopley 1999). Furthermore, the success of a supplementation program may

  9. Lying in the Elementary School Years

    PubMed Central

    Talwar, Victoria; Gordon, Heidi M.; Lee, Kang

    2008-01-01

    The development of lying to conceal one’s own transgression was examined in school-age children. Children (N = 172) between 6 and 11 years of age were asked not to peek at the answer to a trivia question while left alone in a room. Half of the children could not resist temptation and peeked at the answer. When the experimenter asked them whether they had peeked, the majority of children lied. However, children’s subsequent verbal statements, made in response to follow-up questioning, were not always consistent with their initial denial and, hence, leaked critical information to reveal their deceit. Children’s ability to maintain consistency between their initial lie and subsequent verbal statements increased with age. This ability is also positively correlated with children’s 2nd-order belief scores, suggesting that theory of mind understanding plays an important role in children’s ability to lie consistently. PMID:17484589

  10. Preplanning to Close Out the School Year Safely

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunner, Judy; Lewis, Dennis

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on how to prepare and plan for a safe and secure environment for students and staff at the end of a school year or during the summer months. Every individual who works in a school approaches the month of May and the subsequent end-of-school-year tasks with mixed feelings of stress and relief. Although preparations for ensuring…

  11. Year-Round School Program: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Servetter, Leonard, Comp.

    This book describes the year-round school program of Chula Vista City School District. It begins with a discussion of the planning that occurred prior to the implementation of the program that includes descriptions of the problem, the legislation needed, and school relations with teachers and parents. The second section examines the first year of…

  12. Seismic activity that accompanied the effusive and explosive eruptions during the 2004-2005 period at Volcán de Colima, Mexico

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arámbula-Mendoza, R.; Lesage, P.; Valdés-González, C.; Varley, N. R.; Reyes-Dávila, G.; Navarro, C.

    2011-08-01

    Volcán de Colima is considered the most active in Mexico. A period of large eruptive activity occurred in 2004-2005. It began as a swarm of long-period events (LPs) in late September 2004, indicating the onset of growth of a new lava dome in its crater. Subsequently, avalanches of incandescent material and pyroclastic flows during a period of approximately 2 months occurred. Then, the activity became more explosive with moderate explosions. Finally, swarms of LPs accompanied the magma ascent and extrusion of small domes and vulcanian explosions with pyroclastic flows in 2005. This eruptive period was investigated with a continuous seismic signal study, cross-correlation of LPs and autoregressive analysis of monochromatic LPs. For the vast majority of the explosions, an increase in the rate of seismic energy was observed with the Seismic Spectral Energy Measurement (SSEM) from 1 to 3 Hz, before each explosive event. This increase in energy is proportional to the increase in the rate of LPs, probably as a result of an increase in the emission rate. Applying the material failure forecasting method (FFM) and using SSEM inverse of parameter, the time of the explosions is estimated as the time when the adjusted line reaches the null value. We observe a systematic delay of a few hours between the real time of occurrence of the explosions and the estimated time. This suggests that more complex processes than pure damaging of the plug occur before the explosions. The swarms associated with the large explosions include a large proportion of LPs with similar waveforms. They form a dozen of families which stay during the whole period of activity and which indicate repetitive sources. Some of the families are active only before the explosions and could therefore be used as early warning. Monochromatic LP events occurred during this period, some of them just some hours before an explosion. However, no clear relationship between their occurrence and the explosions could be found.

  13. The application of GIS and RS for epidemics: a case study of the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza in China in 2004-2005

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong, Shaobo; Lan, Guiwen; Zhu, Haiguo; Wen, Renqiang; Zhao, Qiansheng; Huang, Quanyi

    2008-12-01

    Because of their inherent advantages, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) are extremely useful for dealing with geographically referenced information. In the study of epidemics, most data are geographically referenced, which makes GIS and RS the perfect even necessary tools for processing, analysis, representation of epidemic data. Comprehensively considering the data requirements in the study of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) coupled with the quality of the existing remotely sensed data in terms of the resolution of space, time and spectra, the data sensed by MODIS are chosen and the relevant methods and procedures of data processing from RS and GIS for some environmental factors are proposed. Through using spatial analysis functions and Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA) of GIS, some results of relationship between HPAI occurrences and these potential factors are presented. The role played by bird migration is also preliminarily illustrated with some operations such as visualization, overlapping etc. provided by GIS. Through the work of this paper, we conclude: Firstly, the migration of birds causes the spread of HPAI all over the country in 2004-2005. Secondly, the migration of birds is the reason why the spread of HPAI is perturbed. That is, for some classic communicable diseases, their spread exhibits obvious spatial diffusion process. However, the spread of HPAI breaks this general rule. We think leap diffusion and time lag are the probable reasons for this kind of phenomena. Potential distribution of HPAI viruses (corresponding to the distribution of flyways and putative risk sources) is not completely consistent with the occurrences of HPAI. For this phenomenon, we think, in addition to the flyways of birds, all kinds of geographical, climatic factors also have important effect on the occurrences of HPAI. Through the case study of HPAI, we can see that GIS and RS can play very important roles in the study of epidemics.

  14. The Outlook for School Revenue in the Next Five Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gold, Steven D.

    This paper examines the outlook for school finance over the next 5 years. The environment for increases in real school revenue per pupil during the rest of the 1990s will not be favorable. The rate of economic growth in the next 5 years will not be particularly robust, with capacity expected to increase only about 2.5 percent yearly. This…

  15. Analysis of Verification Summary Data School Year 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranalli, Dennis; Harper, Edward; Hirschman, Jay

    2011-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of the school year (SY) 2008-2009 review of applications approved for free or reduced-price benefits under the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) selected nearly 279,000 applications for verification review from among 8.6 million applications approved for…

  16. The California High School Proficiency Examination Six Years After Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Cynthia L.; Padia, William L.

    In 1975 California became the first state to offer an "early exit" proficiency test from high school to persons 16 years of age or older (California law normally requires young persons to attend school until they reach 18 or graduate regularly from high school). More than 87,000 persons have passed the early exit examination; a pass rate of…

  17. Five Year Charter School Study: An Overview. Arizona Education Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gifford, Mary; Phillips, Karla; Ogle, Melinda

    This study examined whether charter schools in Arizona were accomplishing the goals communicated in their charter applications and explored the evolutionary nature of charter schools. Forty highly varied charter schools in Arizona were tracked over 5 years of continuous operation, from 1995 to 2000. Interviews lasting 4 hours were arranged at each…

  18. Children's Experiences of the First Year of Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Einarsdottir, Johanna

    2010-01-01

    This article describes a study with first grade children and their views on the primary school curriculum, as well as their influence on decision-making in school. The study was conducted with 20 six- and seven-year-old children in one primary school in Reykjavik, Iceland. The data gathered includes varied research methods such as group…

  19. My Year as a High School Student

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldron, Deborah

    2006-01-01

    When high school physics teacher Deborah Waldron needed to pump up her knowledge of biology for National Board Certification, she enrolled in 9th grade Intensified Biology at her school. Waldron shares her observations of what she learned: from the inevitability of starting long-term projects late at night to the realization of how tempting…

  20. Funding of Schools, 2000-2001 School Year = Financement des ecoles, Annee scolaire 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

    Available in English or French, this reference guide summarizes the funding of Manitoba public schools for the 2000-2001 school year. School funding for operating and capital expenses is administered by the provincial government. Following a list of 2000-2001 revisions to the Schools Finance Program, the first section describes base support. The…

  1. Can a School Change Its Spots? The First Year of Transforming to an Innovative School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tubin, Dorit; Ofek-Regev, Noa

    2010-01-01

    Transforming into an innovative school is one of the strategies schools apply when facing changes in a turbulent environment. In the first year of such a transformation these schools face an essential dilemma: how to facilitate changes without jeopardizing their environmental legitimacy. Examining an Israeli elementary school as an instrumental…

  2. Measuring School and Teacher Value Added in DC, 2011-2012 School Year: Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    This report describes the value-added models used as part of teacher evaluation systems in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) and in eligible DC charter schools participating in "Race to the Top." The authors estimated: (1) teacher effectiveness in DCPS and eligible DC charter schools during the 2011-2012 school year; and (2)…

  3. Measuring School and Teacher Value Added in DC, 2011-2012 School Year. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

    2012-01-01

    In this report, the authors describe the value-added models used as part of teacher evaluation systems in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) and in eligible DC charter schools participating in Race to the Top. They estimated (1) teacher effectiveness in DCPS and eligible DC charter schools during the 2011-2012 school year; and (2)…

  4. High School Biology: The Early Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenthal, Dorothy B.; Bybee, Rodger W.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses the emergence of the biology curriculum which replaced physiology, zoology, and botany in high school science courses and supplanted an early form of general science known as natural history. (RT)

  5. School-Year Employment and Academic Performance of Young Adolescents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabia, Joseph J.

    2009-01-01

    Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the relationship between school-year employment and academic performance of young adolescents under age 16. Ordinary least squares estimates show a significant positive relationship between modest hours of school-year employment and grade point average.…

  6. Three Years of Collaboration in the Development of Portal Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pankratz, Roger; Williams, John

    In 1971 six rural, eastern Kansas School Districts collaborated with Kansas State Teachers College in the development of portal schools. Four-year goals and first-year objectives were established and a steering committee comprised of representatives of each significant role group was organized to transact business associated with the development…

  7. Simulation Activity for Initiating Thinking about Year Around School Plans.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagness, Richard L.

    This document presents a three-step model for providing teachers with basic information on year-round or extended school plans. As a first step, descriptions of basic plans are given. The four used in this paper are Staggered Quarter for All, Full 48-week School Year for All, Voluntary Summer Program, and A Summer Program for Professional…

  8. Moving House for Education in the Pre-School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Kirstine

    2014-01-01

    This paper uses data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to examine house moves that take place in the pre-school years, focusing on families who move for the education of their children. We present results showing that education- related house moves do indeed occur in the pre-school years with particular types of parents making these…

  9. Diversity and Learning in the Early Years of School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frigo, Tracey; Adams, Isabelle

    An ongoing longitudinal study, conducted by the Australian Council for Educational Research and Aboriginal consultants in 13 schools across Australia, is following the progress of a group of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in their early years of schooling. This report discusses findings from the first 2 years of the study. The…

  10. School Integration Efforts Three Years after "Parents Involved"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tefera, Adai; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica

    2010-01-01

    This report synthesizes major themes in local policymaking during the last year, as local school districts continue to grapple with legal and economic constraints on policies that are aimed at creating diverse schools. The report last year on the second anniversary of "Parents Involved" began to uncover some of the consequences of the difficult…

  11. Toledo Public Schools School Utilization Study, 1980-81 School Year. 2nd Year Study. Elementary School Buildings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toledo Public Schools, OH.

    In response to declining student enrollment, the Toledo, Ohio public school system conducted a school utilization study involving the evaluation of eight categories of achievement. These categories were: (1) educational adequacy as determined by the ability of the facility to meet the requirements of a good instructional program; (2) an overview…

  12. A 17-Year Case Study of an Elementary School's Journey: From Traditional School to Learning Community to Democratic School Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cate, Jean McGregor; Vaughn, Courtney Ann; O'Hair, Mary John

    2006-01-01

    This case study explores one elementary school's 17-year evolution from a traditional Title I elementary school into a learning community and, eventually, a high-achieving democratic school community. The investigation adds specificity and context to the existing theoretical framework outlining this change process. The school's journey is…

  13. The Effects of Acculturation on Healthy Lifestyle Characteristics among Hispanic Fourth-Grade Children in Texas Public Schools, 2004-2005

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lind, Catherine; Mirchandani, Gita G.; Castrucci, Brian C.; Chavez, Noel; Handler, Arden; Hoelscher, Deanna M.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Childhood obesity is a national epidemic that disproportionately affects Hispanic children. Evidence suggests that increased acculturation among this population adversely affects diet and other healthy lifestyle characteristics, leading to higher rates of overweight and obesity. Healthy lifestyle characteristics must be understood in…

  14. Portal Schools Project, First Year Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lutonsky, Linda

    This document discusses the theory and philosophy of the Portal School strategy. According to the author, that strategy is a process for making an environment responsive to change; a way of providing a setting in which site, specific and locally determined programs, and theories can be adapted, implemented, and diffused; and a method for closing…

  15. SCHOOL DESEGREGATION--THE FIRST SIX YEARS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.

    THE ATTEMPT IS MADE TO PUT INTO PERSPECTIVE THE MORAL, LEGAL, AND POLITICAL ISSUES OF SCHOOL DESEGREGATION FOR THE PRIVATE CITIZEN OF THE SOUTH WHO IS STILL IN SEARCH OF THE MORAL AND SOCIAL VALUES DEMANDED BY THE RACIAL PROBLEM. THIRTY QUESTIONS ARE RAISED AND DISCUSSED. SOME OF THE TOPICS INCLUDED WERE--THE SUPREME COURT RULINGS AND THEIR…

  16. Conceptual Development During the School Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klausmeier, Herbert J.

    This study tested certain implied predictions regarding conceptual learning at each of four sequential levels of development: concrete level, identity level, classificatory level, and formal level. For this purpose, scaled batteries to assess the level of conceptual development of children, kindergarten through high school, were constructed and a…

  17. Community Expectations and the Secondary School Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Collins, C. W.

    This paper reacts to public criticism by reassessing the role of Australian public school education. It recounts the philosophical traditions that have separated instruction and teaching professionals from the realities of the present economy. The paper concludes by suggesting that not only is public input into curricular reform needed, but that…

  18. Safe Schools for the Roller Coaster Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inlay, Linda

    2005-01-01

    The dramatic ups and downs so often witnessed in adolescents are the result of changes in their brain activity. It is vital that the emotional and psychological needs that arise from such intense brain development are acknowledged and addressed so that middle school becomes a safe environment for the budding adults.

  19. Student perceptions of the first year of veterinary medical school.

    PubMed

    Powers, Donald E

    2002-01-01

    Like other forms of post-baccalaureate study, veterinary medicine can be demanding and sometimes stressful. A brief survey was conducted of nearly 900 first-year students in 14 US veterinary medical schools in order to gather impressions of the first year of veterinary medical education. Although some students reported that conditions were stressful, the majority did not feel that they were inordinately so. Overall, most students were quite positive about their first-year academic experience in veterinary school. PMID:12717641

  20. Year-Round Schools: The Star of the Sea Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piper, Paul S.

    1994-01-01

    Star of the Sea School, located in the Wai'alae-kahala area of Honolulu, implemented year-round schooling (YRS) in 1991. This publication describes the history of YRS, the status of YRS in the Pacific region, and outcomes of the Star of the Sea's program. The private Catholic K-8 school adheres to a 45-10 plan, which includes 180 regular school…

  1. Implementing Year-Round School--Monroe Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cruz, John

    Planning for conversion to a year-round school in James Monroe School, Madera, California, began in 1984 as educators and community faced the fact that continued enrollment increases had reached a critical point. This report describes program development and implementation; an appendix with program worksheets comprises over one-half of the…

  2. Districts Face Painful Cuts as School Year Begins

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cavanagh, Sean

    2011-01-01

    As students around the country begin the 2011-2012 school year, many of them will be returning to districts that have been forced to restructure their operations in the face of budget cuts. Leaders of those school systems have sought to avoid cuts that they believe would weaken instruction. But they also believe the reductions will put a strain on…

  3. ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. These 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Depar...

  4. ASBESTOS CONCENTRATIONS IN TWO YEARS AFTER ABATEMENT IN SEVENTEEN SCHOOLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Airborne asbestos concentrations were measured at 17 schools that underwent an asbestos abatement 2 years before in 1988. hese 17 schools, which involved 20 abatement sites, were part of a study conducted by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the New Jersey Departm...

  5. Longer School Years: Reform or Illusion? Policy Studies in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Edward C.

    The advantages and disadvantages of the year-round school fall into three major categories: financial, educational, and professional. Financial advantages are based on the postponement of construction costs and the use of existing school facilities and equipment to serve a larger number of students. Financial disadvantages include a rise in…

  6. Extended School Year Services: From Litigation to Assessment and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Browder, Diane M.; Lentz, Frances E.

    1985-01-01

    Severely handicapped students who demonstrate severe skill regression during school breaks, and inordinate time to recoup, require extended school year services. A framework and rationale for research development to provide guidance for services to students is described. Research to identify objective methods to determine eligibility and evaluate…

  7. Waldorf Schools: Seventy-Six Years of Early Language Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Navascues, Michael

    1997-01-01

    Describes the history, curriculum, and methodology of elementary school foreign-language (FL) learning within Waldorf schools, using information from Waldorf FL teachers, class observations, and research readings. Waldorf students study two FLs. An oral/choral method is used in the early years. Reading, writing, and formal grammar are introduced…

  8. Identifying Students Who Delay Starting the School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clement, Russell W.; Witkowski, Carolyn

    2003-01-01

    Student enrollment in Broward County Public Schools (BCPS) increases by more than 10 percent between the first and 20th days of each school year. The present study was conducted to determine whether the increase is attributable to certain segments of the student population. The findings show secondary students, Black students, and students…

  9. Looking Back on 18 Years of School Law.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splitt, David A.

    1996-01-01

    Reflects on 18 years' worth of school law columns. Many of the author's predictions have proved accurate, such as forecasts that legislation to assist handicapped students would produce an unprecedented flood of litigation; that minimum competency testing would stand the tests of time and the courts; and that school districts should avoid…

  10. My Experience as NASN School Nurse of the Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reilly, Dorothy J.

    2004-01-01

    This article shares the author's experience as the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) School Nurse of the Year. Recognition by one's peers for excellence in the profession is indeed an honor and a humbling experience. She states that it was a wonderful opportunity to reconnect with many NASN friends. Special recognition and awards from…

  11. Three-Year Sequence for High School Mathematics, Course III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

    This publication is designed to aid schools in planning a course of study for students in Course III Mathematics in New York State schools. This guide continues the developmental program begun in Course I. It is intended to serve as the Regents syllabus for the third year of the academic sequence for a New York State Regents diploma. This document…

  12. John Adams High School First Year Report, 1969-1970.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams High School, Portland, OR.

    This report is an assessment of the events of the first year of operation of John Adams High School, Portland, Oregon. The primary goal of the school was to provide an educational experience relevant to the needs and interests of all adolescents, regardless of their intentions about pursuing further formal education. The report is oriented toward…

  13. Promoting Achievement in School through Sports. First Year Impact Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Sports Inst., Mill Valley, CA.

    Promoting Achievement in School through Sports (PASS) is an academic high school curriculum developed by the American Sports Institute. It is a daily, year-long, credit-bearing, physical education elective for students who love sports but are not performing up to their academic potential. PASS is based on the concept that the principles and skills…

  14. Art School Consequential: Teaching and Learning in the First Year of Art School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Stacey Redford

    2011-01-01

    In order to understand better the dimensions of education in the foundation year of contemporary art school, this study explores teaching and learning through the lenses of art school freshmen and foundation studio art professors. Since scholarly study of art school education is limited, the author begins with a survey of related fields of…

  15. Secondary School Science Curricula Practices: A Ten-Year Longitudinal Study of Schools in Ten States.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mahmoud, Hussein Bashir

    This study was designed to identify: (1) status of science teaching and science teachers' and principals' attitudes toward change in science curricula and school practices during the 1979/80 school year in 100 public secondary schools (grades 7-12) that participated in a previous study in 1970/71, and (2) changes that have occurred in science…

  16. Preparing for the Flu During the 2009-10 School Year: Questions and Answers for Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This brochure provides answers to the following questions: (1) Why do school districts, schools, teachers, parents, and communities need to plan for the continuation of learning for students during flu season this year? (2) How should districts and schools go about planning to continue students' education when they are at home because of H1N1?…

  17. Rescheduled School Year Plans. ERIC/CEM Research Review.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Piele, Philip K.

    1971-01-01

    This literature review, based on abstracts of documents announced in RIE, compiles information on the rescheduled school year. Following the review is a list of the 18 documents cited, their costs, and availability. (LLR)

  18. Planning For a Healthy School Year: Healthy Eating

    MedlinePlus

    ... on. Feature: Planning For A Healthy School Year Healthy Eating Past Issues / Fall 2015 Table of Contents How ... federal government releases a set of guidelines on healthy eating. The guidelines suggest balancing calories with physical activity. ...

  19. Teacher Job Satisfaction in a Year-Round School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haser, Shelly Gismondi; Nasser, Ilham

    2003-01-01

    Describes reasons for teacher job satisfaction at a year-round elementary school (Timber Lane) in Fairfax County, Virginia, such as flexible work schedules, reduced stress, and time for professional planning. (PKP)

  20. School Attachment Theory and Restitution Processes: Promoting Positive Behaviors in Middle Years Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penner, Christine; Wallin, Dawn

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a case study that examined school attachment and restitution strategies used in a middle years school to determine if the program had provided a viable means of promoting and sustaining positive behaviors among middle years students. Data were gathered by interviewing five teachers who had Restitution I training…

  1. [Schooling for Four Year Olds in California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olenick, Michael

    The California State Department of Education provides part-day comprehensive development programs for 3- to 5-year-olds from low income families. The programs include educational development, health services, social services, nutrition services, parent education and participation, evaluation, and staff development. The state requires that all…

  2. A Multidimensional Model of School Dropout from an 8-Year Longitudinal Study in a General High School Population

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fortin, Laurier; Marcotte, Diane; Diallo, Thierno; Potvin, Pierre; Royer, Egide

    2013-01-01

    This study tests an empirical multidimensional model of school dropout, using data collected in the first year of an 8-year longitudinal study, with first year high school students aged 12-13 years. Structural equation modeling analyses show that five personal, family, and school latent factors together contribute to school dropout identified at…

  3. Student Perceptions of the First Year of Veterinary Medical School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Donald E.

    2002-01-01

    A brief survey was conducted of nearly 900 first-year students in 14 U.S. veterinary medical schools in order to gather impressions of the first year of veterinary medical education. Although some students reported that conditions were stressful, the majority did not feel that they were inordinately so. Overall, most students were quite positive…

  4. Child Development in the Year Round Elementary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biskin, Donald S.; And Others

    This paper emphasizes that one of the main concerns in year-round education is the effect upon the social, emotional, physical, and psychological development of children. Alteration of the school calendar, and the curricular innovations that tend to piggy-back year-round programs, may well provide the impetus for individualizing and humanizing…

  5. Case Studies of Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants: Findings after the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2014-4015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Birman, Beatrice; O'Day, Jennifer; Hurlburt, Steven; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Goff, Rose; Manship, Karen; Brown, Seth; Therriault, Susan Bowles; Rosenberg, Linda; Angus, Megan Hague; Hulsey, Lara

    2014-01-01

    The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals' leadership…

  6. Case Studies of Schools Receiving School Improvement Grants: Findings after the First Year of Implementation. NCEE 2014-4015

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson; Birman, Beatrice; O'Day, Jennifer; Hurlburt, Steven; Mercado-Garcia, Diana; Goff, Rose; Manship, Karen; Brown, Seth; Therriault, Susan Bowles; Rosenberg, Linda; Angus, Megan Hague; Hulsey, Lara

    2014-01-01

    The Study of School Turnaround examines the improvement process in a purposive sample of 35 case study schools receiving federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) over a three-year period (2010-11 to 2012-13 school years). Using site visit, teacher survey, and fiscal data, the case studies describe the school contexts, the principals'…

  7. Residents' perspectives on the final year of medical school

    PubMed Central

    Obrien, Bridget; Niehaus, Brian; Teherani, Arianne; Young, John Q.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To characterize junior residents’ perspectives on the purpose, value, and potential improvement of the final year of medical school. Methods Eighteen interviews were conducted with junior residents who graduated from nine different medical schools and who were in internal medicine, surgery, and psychiatry programs at one institution in the United States. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed inductively for themes. Results Participants’ descriptions of the purpose of their recently completed final year of medical school contained three primary themes: residency-related purposes, interest- or need-based purposes, and transitional purposes. Participants commented on the most valued aspects of the final year. Themes included opportunities to: prepare for residency; assume a higher level of responsibility in patient care; pursue experiences of interest that added breadth of knowledge, skills and perspective; develop and/or clarify career plans; and enjoy a period of respite. Suggestions for improvement included enhancing the learning value of clinical electives, augmenting specific curricular content, and making the final year more purposeful and better aligned with career goals. Conclusions The final year of medical school is a critical part of medical education for most learners, but careful attention is needed to ensure that the year is developmentally robust. Medical educators can facilitate this by creating structures to help students define personal and professional goals, identify opportunities to work toward these goals, and monitor progress so that the value of the final year is optimized and not exclusively focused on residency preparation.

  8. High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

    2013-01-01

    The timing of a high school transfer may shape students' transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school…

  9. School-year employment among high school students: effects on academic, social, and physical functioning.

    PubMed

    Weller, Nancy F; Kelder, Steven H; Cooper, Sharon P; Basen-Engquist, Karen; Tortolero, Susan R

    2003-01-01

    This study describes the effects of different weekly work intensity levels on adolescent functioning in a sample of 3,083 high school students in rural South Texas, where economically disadvantaged and Hispanic youth are heavily represented. Anonymous surveys were conducted in 10th- and 12th-grade students' classrooms in 1995. The following effects were associated with long hours of weekly employment during the school year: (1) decreased performance/engagement in school and satisfaction with amount of leisure time, and (2) increased health risk behaviors and psychological stress. The effects of school-year work on academic factors and health behaviors differed by grade, but not by race/ethnicity, parent education, or race/ethnicity and parent education considered together. It was concluded that parents and professionals should continue to monitor the number of weekly hours that students work during the school year. PMID:14768991

  10. The Efficiency of Public Schools: The Case of Kuwait

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burney, Nadeem A.; Johnes, Jill; Al-Enezi, Mohammed; Al-Musallam, Marwa

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the technical, and allocative efficiencies of public schools in Kuwait over four levels of schooling (kindergartens, primary, intermediate and secondary) and two periods (1999/2000 and 2004/2005) using data envelopment analysis. Mean pure technical efficiency varies between 0.695 and 0.852 across all levels of education;…

  11. First-Year Effectiveness on School Functioning of a Self-Contained ED Middle School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattison, Richard E.; Schneider, Jayne

    2009-01-01

    Students new to a self-contained middle school for students with emotional disturbance (ED) were followed during their first year to assess the effectiveness of the program on school functioning and psychopathology. Measures for academic functioning (grade point average and subject failures), attendance (absenteeism and lateness), and disciplinary…

  12. Public School Education Financing for School Year 1989-90. E.D. TABS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, William J., Jr.; And Others

    This report provides the most detailed state-level financial information in a decade as it presents revenues and expenditures for public elementary and secondary schools for the 1989-90 school year from the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). The statistics are based on data provided by state education…

  13. The Gresham Grade School District #4 Year-Round Plan. Community-School Planning and Implementation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schaffer, John G., Comp.

    This document describes the development and implementation of a year-round school program for the Gresham, Oregon, elementary school district. The 45-15 plan, which divides students into four groups and gives each group a three week vacation after every 45 class days, is modeled after the Valley View 45-15 Plan. The plan was initiated after…

  14. Elementary School Achievement Profiles. Portland Public Schools. A School-by-School Report of Basic Skills Test Results and School/Student/Staff Data: School Year 1986-87.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

    This report contains Portland Achievement Levels Tests results for 61 elementary schools, 18 middle schools, and one special program school in the Portland School District for the 1986-87 school year. Twelve different grade-level configurations are represented, from pre-kindergarten to grade 12. Tests are designed to be administered in accordance…

  15. Reading Recovery Program Implementation Year Three, School Year 1992-1993. Report of Results and Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schotanus, Helen; And Others

    A study examined the results and effectiveness of the third year of the Reading Recovery program in New Hampshire. With the 50 Reading Recovery teachers from previous classes, 32 teachers in the new class, and 3 teacher leaders, a total of 85 teachers taught Reading Recovery during the 1992-93 school year. A total of 422 first-grade children…

  16. Reading Recovery Program Implementation Year Six, School Year 1995-96. Report of Results and Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schotanus, Helen; And Others

    A study examined the results and effectiveness of the sixth year of the Reading Recovery program in New Hampshire. With the 95 Reading Recovery teachers from previous classes, 38 teachers in the new class, and 4 teacher leaders, a total of 137 teachers taught Reading Recovery during the 1995-96 school year. A total of 693 first-grade children…

  17. Reading Recovery Program Implementation Year Five, School Year 1994-95. Report of Results and Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schotanus, Helen; And Others

    A study examined the results and effectiveness of the fifth year of the Reading Recovery program in New Hampshire. With the 78 Reading Recovery teachers from previous classes, 23 teachers in the new class, and 3 teacher leaders, a total of 104 teachers taught Reading Recovery during the 1994-95 school year. A total of 530 first-grade children…

  18. Transforming Our Schools. National Superintendent of the Year Forum, 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Association of School Administrators, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In October 2008, the American Association of School Administrators invited superintendents of the year from across the country to gather in Denver, Colo., for three days of intensive dialogue about the challenges facing today's district leaders. Representing rural, urban and suburban districts, state award winners came to listen, share best…

  19. Five Ways to Organize for a New School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balsley, Jessica

    2011-01-01

    Educators may start off a school year with the best of intentions for staying organized, but by about November, they quickly find their systems, energy and motivation starts to dwindle. By March, they can't even see their desk, and have hundreds of e-mails in their inboxes. Incorporating a few organizational strategies at the beginning of the…

  20. Extended School Year Programs for Handicapped Children: Literature Review Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macy Research Associates, Wills Point, TX.

    A review of available literature on extended school year (ESY) programming (1972-1988) is structured around an exploration of 11 questions developed by special education administrative personnel. Issues addressed include how regression/recoupment (R/R) is measured; the related concepts of generalization and maintenance; how R/R is related to…

  1. Portland Public Schools Project Chrysalis: Year 2 Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Stephanie J.; Gabriel, Roy M.; Hahn, Karen J.; Laws, Katherine E.

    In 1994, the Chrysalis Project in Portland Public Schools received funding to prevent or delay the onset of substance abuse among a special target population: high-risk, female adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. Findings from the evaluation of the project's second year of providing assistance to these students are reported here. During…

  2. Effective Classroom Management at the Beginning of the School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emmer, Edmund T.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The major goals of the project reported here were to learn how teachers who are effective managers handle beginning-of-the-year activities and to determine what basic principles of management underlie their teaching. Twenty-seven third-grade teachers in eight elementary schools served as subjects. (MP)

  3. A Year in Review: The "High School Journal" in 1920

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Job, Jennifer G.

    2009-01-01

    In 1920, the "High School Journal" had been up and running for a year and cost 15 cents an issue. Robert Goddard was ridiculed by the "New York Times" for predicting space travel (a retraction was printed in 1969), small countries like Ireland and Romania were fighting for their own governments, and American women voted for the first time in a…

  4. TV Classroom In Color: Report of 1970 - 1971 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodman, Thomas L.; And Others

    This is a report of activities on an adult education television program, conducted by San Diego Community Colleges, in cooperation with TV Channel KFMB in San Diego, California, during the school year, October, 1970 through June, 1971. The report begins with a history of the program, begun in 1951, and which has presented 174 courses since then.…

  5. Sexual Coercion of Year 11-12 High School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dashlooty, Ashraf; Eklund, Robert C.; Randall, Nick; Heard, N. Paul; Blanksby, Brian

    2008-01-01

    Sexual coercion in peer dating relationships was studied among 341 Year 11-12 high school students via the Adolescent Dating and Relationship Survey. Nearly 50% of females and 70% of males had relationships with similar aged partners. However, more females dated older partners and more males dated younger partners. Females also reported longer…

  6. Parent-School Ties Should Shift in Teen Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra

    2010-01-01

    Many educators and parents would agree that it's important for parents to spend time in their children's classrooms, to closely monitor homework, or to read to children at home. Try telling that, though, to a 13-year-old, argues Nancy E. Hill, an education professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and the university's Radcliffe…

  7. High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Susan C.

    2013-01-01

    We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they…

  8. Number of Instructional Days/Hours in the School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, Julie

    2014-01-01

    While state requirements vary on the number of instructional days and/or hours in the school year, the majority of states require 180 days of student instruction. Most also specify the minimum length of time that constitutes an instructional day. Some states set instructional time in terms of days, some specify hours, and some provide…

  9. Tackling Illiteracy in Year 7 of the Comprehensive School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mays, Dennis

    2012-01-01

    Reading standards are regarded by many as the true yardstick by which to measure school effectiveness, and the relative standards achieved by different generations are often debated by adults. Some young people do not perceive reading to be of anything like such importance, however, using digital communication habitually and easily. Each year a…

  10. A Summer School for High School students: a 15 years experience.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zamorano, Nelson

    2004-03-01

    During the last 15 years we have been offering a summer course (usually lasting four weeks) to interested high school students. In this work we summarizes its evolution, mainly of the physics course, during these years. The summer school started with 45 students for a physics course, and now we have 4000 students applying to the different subjects offered. In the physics course, we have offered, from the very beginning, a numerical complement to the students, where we use maple, excel and Interactive Physics. Starting from this experience we have derived to winter school for younger students and collective experiments like measuring the Earth radious using the Eratosthenes method.

  11. A Legislator's Guide to the Year-Round School. Research Brief, Vol. 3, No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Doris M.

    This research brief is designed to introduce the legislator to the year-round school concept; what it is, how it works, and what kinds of State legislation may be needed to facilitate implementation of year-round school programs. The publication looks at the history of year-round schools and presents selected year-round school designs, including…

  12. Evaluating the Promise of Single-Track Year-Round Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haenn, Joseph F.

    Results from the first year of implementation of year-round schools in a school district that educates students from a medium-sized city and the surrounding county are presented to add to the body of knowledge about year-round schools. Two single-track, year-round elementary schools (kindergarten through grade 5) were established in Durham (North…

  13. Improving School Discipline Data Collection and Reporting: A Status Report for the 2012-2013 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whisman, Andy; Chapman, Don

    2013-01-01

    A statewide analysis was conducted on school disciplinary incidents reported during the 2012-2013 school year--the first full year under the revised Policy 4373. Findings from the analysis are provided to help inform districts and schools about what supports they may need to improve school climate, including more positive approaches to student…

  14. 78 FR 55121 - Submission for Review: Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year, RI...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-09-09

    ... MANAGEMENT Submission for Review: Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year, RI 25-14 and Information; and Instructions for Completing the Self-Certification of Full-Time School Attendance for the School Year, RI 25-14A AGENCY: U.S. Office of Personnel Management. ACTION: 60-Day...

  15. School-Based Decision Making in Rural Kentucky Schools: Interim Findings of a Five-Year, Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kannapel, Patricia J.; And Others

    An ongoing 5-year study of Kentucky Education Reform Act of 1990 (KERA) implementation in four rural Kentucky school districts explores the establishment of school-based decision making (SBDM) in the 20 schools in the districts. In the 3 years since KERA took effect, 10 of the 20 schools have adopted SBDM. The paper focuses primarily on the seven…

  16. The Effects of a Year-Round School Calendar in a High-Risk Elementary School: A Comparative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell-Hoefer, Megan D.

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation reports a study of a year-round school in comparison to a traditional calendar school and whether the year-round school calendar was related to higher student achievement in a large, school district in the southeastern United States. The data represented the results of third through fifth grade student state test scores in the…

  17. High School Physics, Two-Year Colleges, and Physics Majors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    White, Susan C.

    2013-09-01

    We have just completed the data collection for our 2012-13 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics and expect to have results to report in the spring. In the interim, we will take a look at physics in two-year colleges (TYCs). In 2007, we surveyed undergraduate seniors in degree-granting physics departments, and we asked these students if they had begun the post-secondary career at a TYC. Nine percent of the physics undergraduate seniors in 2007 had started their college education at a TYC, and these students differ significantly from those who did not start at a TYC. The two graphs at right depict the high school physics experience for these two groups of students. More than one-fourth of those who started at a TYC did not take physics in high school, and only 18% took AP physics. The 6% of those who did not start at a TYC and did not take physics is consistent with the 5% of high school seniors who attend a school where physics is not offered. Their apparent difference of interest in physics in high school is also evident from their knowledge about AP physics offerings: 25% of those who started at a TYC did not know if AP physics was offered at their high school versus only 5% of those who did not start at a TYC. Since their high school physics experiences were so different, it is likely that something happened in their physics courses at the TYC that captured these students' interest in physics.

  18. What I've Learned about Charter Schools: After 10 Years on the Front Lines

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turnamian, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The author founded Greater Newark Charter School in 2000 at a time when charter schools were little more than a nuisance to the traditional public school establishment. Just two years earlier, when first learning about charter schools, he recalls questioning the necessity for "new" schools when so many operational public schools were in need of…

  19. The School Health Education Study + 50 Years: Scholars' Reflections on Its Impact and Legacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDermott, Robert J.; Mayer, Alyssa B.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Launched 50 years ago, the School Health Education Study (SHES) examined the health education offerings in 135 public school systems, in 38 states, and over 1100 elementary schools and 350 secondary schools. In its second year, knowledge surveys were administered to students in grades 6, 9 and 12 at many of these schools. Analysis of…

  20. ``Small'' schools versus ``big'' schools: Anecdotal notes of a second-year physics teacher

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pudder, David

    2012-11-01

    Last spring I was just finishing up the second year of my teaching career. I was fortunate enough to be teaching physics and physical science at an academic magnet school located in southern West Virginia. The previous year, I had the opportunity to teach mathematics and science at a comprehensive high school located in northern West Virginia—close to the border of Pennsylvania. When I take a look back at my last two years of teaching, I can see many similarities and many differences. I see positives as well as negatives. However, if you were to ask me what the biggest difference was between last year and the one before, I would most certainly reply the size and locality of schools.

  1. The High School Principal's Calendar: A Month-by-Month Planner for the School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ricken, Robert; Simon, Richard; Terc, Michael

    This book has been developed for both new and experienced principals; it lays out everyday challenges and administrative necessities to help principals plan strategically for the academic year. This work provides a month-to-month guide to make the school year run smoothly from opening to closing. Chapters cover key tasks for each month beginning…

  2. The Effects of Year-Round School on Students with Learning Disabilities: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfeiffer, John, Jr.

    2011-01-01

    This case study investigated the effects of year-round school on students with learning disabilities at Abraxas High School in Poway, California. Abraxas is an alternative school that operates on a block schedule and year-round calendar. The researcher attempted to answer the question: How does year-round school impact students with learning…

  3. Positive Effects of Intersession Tutoring in a Year-Round School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ananda, Nandang; And Others

    There is no lack of debate regarding year-round schooling. Emotions run high when school districts tamper with the "traditional" agrarian school calendar and adapt a year-round calendar. This study examines one program in a multi-track year-round elementary school, a tutoring program delivered during the students' intersession. Through interviews,…

  4. The Two-Year Evaluation of the Three-Year Direct Instruction Program in an Urban Public School System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Lei; Rachor, Robert

    Starting with the 1997-1998 school year, the Direct Instruction Reading/Language Arts Program was implemented in three elementary schools in a northwest urban public school system as a 3-year pilot study to improve the academic performance of at-risk students. Direct Instruction (DI) is aimed at providing effective learning for low-achieving…

  5. Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…

  6. Role Modeling in the First 2 Years of Medical School.

    PubMed

    Obadia, Sharon J

    2015-08-01

    Role modeling opportunities for osteopathic physician teachers during a student's first 2 years of medical school are emerging as more colleges of osteopathic medicine strive to connect basic science didactics with clinically based learning activities. Examples of positive modeling by physician teachers during the first years of medical school are illustrated by 10 vignettes that can be incorporated into faculty development programs to increase awareness of such opportunities. The physician teacher in each vignette interacts with the student demonstrating desired professional behaviors. These vignettes also illustrate the effect of a positive "hidden curriculum" on a student's professional development. By recognizing these valuable teachable moments, teachers can incorporate role modeling into their daily practice. PMID:26214824

  7. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011). First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-344

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.; Keaton, Patrick; Glander, Mark

    2013-01-01

    This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2010-11, fiscal year 2011 (FY 11). The F-33 survey is a school district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the…

  8. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei

    2008-01-01

    This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

  9. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2006-07 (Fiscal Year 2007). First Look. NCES 2009-338

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei

    2009-01-01

    This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2006-07 (fiscal year 2007, or FY 07). The School District Finance Survey is a district-level survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) by state education agencies (SEAs) in the 50 states and the District of…

  10. Implementing the Common Core State Standards: Year Three Progress Report from the Great City Schools. Results from 2013-14 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palacios, Moses; Casserly, Michael; Corcoran, Amanda; Hart, Ray; Simon, Candace; Uzzell, Renata

    2014-01-01

    Three years ago, the "Council of the Great City Schools" embarked on a multi-year initiative to help its member school districts implement the Common Core State Standards (CCSS). Part of this initiative involves annual surveys of progress urban public school districts were making in implementing the CCSS. With the support of the Bill…

  11. School Budget Report for School District of Philadelphia: School Year 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Resource Strategies, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In the fall of 2007, Education Resource Strategies (ERS) was invited by Philadelphia's School Reform Commission to conduct a Resource Use Analysis for the School District of Philadelphia (SDP) that would in part inform a possible transition to weighted student funding. In April 2008, ERS began the first set of interviews and data gathering…

  12. Year-Round School versus Traditional School: The Impact of Academic Calendars on Student Achievement at Selected Elementary Schools in North Central South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindsay-Brown, Sandra J.

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the impact that a year-round school calendar and a traditional school calendar may have on student achievement at selected elementary schools in North Central South Carolina. Specifically it investigated mean differences in academic achievement between elementary students at two year-round schools versus two traditional…

  13. School House Hype: Two Years Later. Policy Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Kim; Schiraldi, Vincent; Zeidenberg, Jason

    In 1998, the Justice Policy Institute published "School House Hype: School Shootings and the Real Risks Kids Face," a report that examined the issue of school safety, and concluded that schools are the safest places for children to be. This report, inspired in part by recent school shootings, attempts to place the question of school violence and…

  14. Molecular Epidemiology of Vesicular Stomatitis New Jersey Virus from the 2004-2005 United States Outbreak Indicates a Common Origin with Mexico Strains

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Outbreaks of vesicular stomatitis occur at 8-10 year intervals in the southwestern United States (US) with the most recent outbreak starting in 2004 and continuing in 2005. Phylogenetic relationships among 116 vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey virus (VSNJV) isolates obtained from this outbreak and end...

  15. Time to Grow: Year Two Report on ExpandED Schools. A TASC Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Traill, Saskia; Brohawn, Katie

    2014-01-01

    An analysis of data from the second year of The After-School Corporation's (TASC's) national demonstration of an expanded school day for elementary and middle school students shows that ExpandED Schools improved school culture, decreased rates of students' chronic absenteeism and helped students develop positive learning habits and attitudes.…

  16. A Content Analysis of School Anti-Bullying Policies: A Follow-Up after Six Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter K.; Kupferberg, Allison; Mora-Merchan, Joaquin A.; Samara, Muthanna; Bosley, Sue; Osborn, Rob

    2012-01-01

    An analysis was undertaken of 217 English school anti-bullying policies, from 169 primary schools and 48 secondary schools, using a 34-item scoring scheme. Findings were compared with an analysis of 142 schools six years earlier. Overall schools in the current analysis had about 49% of the items in their policies, a modest increase over the…

  17. Florida School Readiness Performance Standards for Three-, Four-, and Five-Year-Old Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2002

    The Florida Partnership for School Readiness, created as a result of the Florida School Readiness Act in 1999, is charged with adopting a system for measuring school readiness and developing school readiness performance standards and outcome measures. This guide presents school readiness performance standards for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and is the…

  18. After One Year, Mixed Results from Push for Neighborhood Schools. Research Brief. Volume 90, Number 4

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Policy Forum, 2002

    2002-01-01

    One school year after implementation of the Neighborhood Schools Initiative (NS), more Milwaukee Public School (MPS) district schools enroll more neighborhood students, although the increase in neighborhood enrollment is not the result of capacity-building; fewer schools have the capacity to enroll all their neighborhood students than two years…

  19. Year-Round Education: Change and Choice for Schools and Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haser, Shelly Gismondi; Nasser, Ilham

    2005-01-01

    Over the last 20 years, many districts and schools have begun to explore year-round education or a modified calendar in response to student under-achievement in low performing schools. Here, the authors detail their two-year study of Title I, year-round, or modified calendar schools that switched from a traditional to a modified schedule in order…

  20. Extended School Year Programs: The Effects on Achievement and Other Phases of Student's Lives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crim, Roger D.

    Reasons for the present emphasis on all-year operation of schools differ from those prevailing 30-40 years ago. During the depression emphasis was on economy. Recently, a more sensible reason for an extended school year is coming into focus--the year-round school has educational value. It is not just something to be considered in order to save…

  1. Going Charter: New Models of Support. Year Two Findings from New York City's Charter Schools. Charter School Research Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ascher, Carol; Echazarreta, Juan; Jacobowitz, Robin; McBride, Yolanda; Troy, Tammi; Wamba, Nathalis

    This report synthesizes the year 2 findings of a 3-year qualitative study of autonomy, accountability, finance, and supports in New York City charter schools. In 2000-2001, the study sample included 10 schools (8 charter and 2 alternative schools considering charter status). Section 1 reviews the literature on supports provided to traditional…

  2. Effects of Summer Flow Augmentation on the Migratory Behavior and Survival of Juvenile Snake River Fall Chinook Salmon; 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Tiffan, Kenneth F.; Connor, William P.

    2006-03-01

    This report summarizes results of research activities conducted in 2004 and years previous to aid in the management and recovery of fall Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha in the Columbia River basin. For detailed summaries, we refer the reader to the abstracts given on the second page of each chapter. The Annual Reporting section includes information provided to fishery managers in-season and post-season, and it contains a detailed summary of life history and survival statistics on wild Snake River fall Chinook salmon juveniles for the years 1992-2004. Publication is a high priority of our staff. Publication provides our results to a wide audience, and it insures that our work meets high scientific standards. The Bibliography of Published Journal Articles section provides citations for peer-reviewed papers co-authored by personnel of project 1991-02900 that were written or published from 1998 to 2005.

  3. Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools: The Third Year 1992-93. Publication Number 92.31.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sabatino, Melissa

    The 1992-93 school year was the third year of the Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program of the Austin (Texas) schools; the project is funded by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) and Apple Computer Inc. Grants from these corporations were used to equip three elementary schools with IBM equipment and one with Apple…

  4. Pathogen Screening of Naturally Produced Yakima River Spring Chinook Smolts; Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Thomas, Joan B.

    2005-05-01

    In the spring of 2004 naturally produced smolts outmigrating from the Yakima River Basin were collected for the sixth year of pathogen screening. This component of the evaluation is to monitor whether introduction of hatchery produced smolts would impact the prevalence of specific pathogens in the naturally produced spring chinook smolts. Increases in prevalence of any of these pathogens could negatively impact the survival of these fish. Since 1999 the Cle Elum Hatchery has been releasing spring chinook salmon smolts into the upper Yakima River to increase natural production. In 1998 and 2000 through 2004 naturally produced smolts were collected for monitoring at the Chandler smolt collection facility on the lower Yakima River. Smolts were collected from mid to late outmigration, with a target of 200 fish each year. The pathogens monitored were infectious hematopoeitic necrosis virus, infectious pancreatic necrosis virus, viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus, Flavobacterium psychrophilum, Flavobacterium columnare, Aeromonas salmonicida, Yersinia ruckeri, Edwardsiella ictaluri, Renibacterium salmoninarum and Myxobolus cerebralis. Of these pathogens, only R. salmoninarum was detected in very low levels in the naturally produced smolts outmigrating in 2004. To date, only bacterial pathogens have been detected and prevalences have been low. There have been small variations each year and these changes are attributed to normal fluctuations in prevalence. All of the pathogens detected are widely distributed in Washington State.

  5. Teacher Retention at Low-Performing Schools. Using the Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SERVE Center for Continuous Improvement at UNCG, 2006

    2006-01-01

    In 2004-2005, North Carolina's average teacher turnover rate was nearly 13 percent, ranging from a high of 29 percent to a low of 4 percent. Turnover among teachers in low-performing schools was substantially higher, with a low of 12 percent and a high of 57 percent. North Carolina has put strategies in place to address teacher retention but how…

  6. Public Perceptions of School to Work: First Year Progress. Arizona School to Work Briefing Paper #7.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandegrift, Judith A.; Wright, Joel

    In spring 1997, Arizona repeated a spring 1996 statewide public poll that established baseline measures of public attitudes toward school-to-work (STW). Samples were drawn from three constituent groups: parents, businesses, and educators. Over 2,700 Arizonans participated each year. Overall awareness of STW was up significantly among every group.…

  7. School Crowding, Year-Round Schooling, and Mobile Classroom Use: Evidence from North Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McMullen, Steven C.; Rouse, Kathryn E.

    2012-01-01

    This study exploits a unique policy environment and a large panel dataset to evaluate the impact of school crowding on student achievement in Wake County, NC. We also estimate the effects of two education policy initiatives that are often used to address crowding: multi-track year-round calendars and mobile classrooms. We estimate a multi-level…

  8. Trajectories of Anxiety during Elementary-School Years and the Prediction of High School Noncompletion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duchesne, Stephane; Vitaro, Frank; Larose, Simon; Tremblay, Richard E.

    2008-01-01

    Previous research has provided mixed results regarding the effect of anxiety on academic achievement. Building on this body of research, the present longitudinal study pursued two goals. The first goal was to describe trajectories of anxiety during elementary-school years. The second goal was to determine the predictive value of these trajectories…

  9. Montana School Nutrition Programs Free and Reduced Price Participation Data, 2003-04 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Linda

    2004-01-01

    This report provides a count of all students in Montana public and nonpublic schools who are eligible to receive free and reduced price benefits for meals and milk. Because the data presented in this report are frozen on December 31, there may be missing values as well as late corrections for a given year because data came in later than that date.

  10. Dropout and Migration Statistics: District of Columbia Public Schools, School Year 1989-90.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tuck, Kathy D.

    These dropout and migration statistics were compiled during the first year of implementation of the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) dropout tracking and database system. These data were collected, primarily, to determine the number of students leaving the DCPS before graduation who did not re-enroll in another educational institution.…

  11. The Friendly Schools Friendly Families Programme: Three-Year Bullying Behaviour Outcomes in Primary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Donna; Waters, Stacey; Pearce, Natasha; Shaw, Therese; Hall, Margaret; Erceg, Erin; Burns, Sharyn; Roberts, Clare; Hamilton, Greg

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This three-year group randomized controlled trial assessed whether a multi-age, multi-level bullying prevention and intervention with staff capacity building, can reduce bullying among primary school children. Methods: This study comprised two intervention and one comparison conditions. Student self-report data were collected from 2552…

  12. Managing sales of beverages in schools to preserve profits and improve children's nutrition intake in 15 Mississippi schools.

    PubMed

    Brown, Denise M; Tammineni, Suresh K

    2009-12-01

    School environments that provide consistent and reliable nutrition information promote the development of healthful eating in children. High-energy, nutrient-poor beverages offered for sale to children during the school day compete with healthful choices. The primary objective of this prospective, quasiexperimental study was to encourage children to choose more healthful beverages during the school day without adversely affecting the profits realized from vending sales. Fifteen of 18 schools completed voluntary changes to beverage sales practices during the school day between August 2005 and May 2006. Twelve of 15 schools reported increased profits from the previous year (2004-2005) while offering more healthful beverage choices at discounted prices. Units of carbonated soft drinks sold declined when sports drinks, 100% fruit juice, and water were made available in their place. Passive marketing in the form of vending machine fronts, attractive pricing with a nominal 10% to 25% discount, and changing the types and proportions of beverages offered encouraged children to make more healthful choices. Local school administrators were receptive to making changes to beverage sales when local needs were incorporated into the study design. Profit information from this study informed state legislators and the Mississippi State Board of Education in the development and adoption of statewide snack and beverage vending guidelines. Registered dietitians serve as advocates to foster these collaborative efforts, inform key decision makers, and work in their local communities to develop and promote healthful practices in K-12 school settings. PMID:19942021

  13. Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project; Strobe Light Deterrent Efficacy Test and Fish Behavior Determination at the Grand Coulee Dam Third Powerplant Forebay, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Johnson, R.; McKinstry, C.; Cook, C.

    2005-02-01

    This report documents a four-year study(a) to assess the efficacy of a prototype strobe light system to elicit a negative phototactic response in kokanee (Oncorhynchus nerka kennerlyi) and rainbow trout (O. mykiss) at the entrance to the forebay of the third powerplant at Grand Coulee Dam. The work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in conjunction with the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation (Colville Confederated Tribes). In this report, emphasis is placed on the methodology and results associated with the fourth project year and compared with findings from the previous years to provide an overall project summary. Since 1995, the Colville Confederated Tribes have managed the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project as part of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council Fish and Wildlife Program. Project objectives have focused on understanding natural production of kokanee (a land-locked sockeye salmon) and other fish stocks in the area above Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams on the Columbia River (Figure S.1). A 42-month investigation from 1996 to 1999 determined that from 211,685 to 576,676 fish, including kokanee and rainbow trout, were entrained annually at Grand Coulee Dam. Analysis of the data found that 85% of the total entrainment occurred at the dam's third powerplant. Because these entrainment rates represent a significant loss to the tribal fisheries upstream of the dam, they have been judged unacceptable to fishery managers responsible for perpetuating the fishery in Lake Roosevelt. In an effort to reduce fish entrainment rates, the scope of work for the Chief Joseph Kokanee Enhancement Project was modified in 2001 to include a multiyear study of the efficacy of using strobe lights to deter fish from entering the third powerplant forebay. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory initiated the four-year study in collaboration with Colville Tribal

  14. Assess Current and Potential Salmonid Production in Rattlesnake Creek in Association with Restoration Efforts, US Geological Survey Report, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, M. Brady; Connolly, Patrick J.; Jezorek, Ian G.

    2006-06-01

    This project was designed to document existing habitat conditions and fish populations within the Rattlesnake Creek watershed (White Salmon River subbasin, Washington) before major habitat restoration activities are implemented and prior to the reintroduction of salmon and steelhead above Condit Dam. Returning adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. and steelhead O. mykiss have not had access to Rattlesnake Creek since 1913. An assessment of resident trout populations should serve as a good surrogate for evaluation of factors that would limit salmon and steelhead production in the watershed. Personnel from United States Geological Survey's Columbia River Research Laboratory (USGS-CRRL) attended to three main objectives of the Rattlesnake Creek project. The first objective was to characterize stream and riparian habitat conditions. This effort included measures of water quality, water quantity, stream habitat, and riparian conditions. The second objective was to determine the status of fish populations in the Rattlesnake Creek drainage. To accomplish this, we derived estimates of salmonid population abundance, determined fish species composition, assessed distribution and life history attributes, obtained tissue samples for genetic analysis, and assessed fish diseases in the watershed. The third objective was to use the collected habitat and fisheries information to help identify and prioritize areas in need of restoration. As this report covers the fourth year of a five-year study, it is largely restricted to describing our efforts and findings for the first two objectives.

  15. 2005 Evaluation of Chum, Chinook and Coho Salmon Entrapment near Ives Island in the Columbia River; 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Wilson, Jeremy; Duston, Reed A.

    2006-01-01

    During mid-1990s, Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC) and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) identified several populations of salmon spawning approximately three miles downstream of Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River. These populations are exposed to rapidly changing flow regimes associated with Bonneville Dam's operation. This study investigated the relationship between changing water levels and stranding or entrapment of juvenile salmon in the Ives Island area. Walking surveys of the Ives Island and Pierce Island shorelines were conducted every one to three days throughout the juvenile emigration period. The nearby shorelines of the Washington and Oregon mainland were also surveyed. Between January and June of 2005, surveyors examined 21 substantial entrapments and 20 stranding sites. A total of 14,337 salmonids, made up of three species, were found either entrapped or stranded. Nearly 92% of the salmonids were chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha), 4.5% were federally listed chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta), and 3.8% were coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). When compared to the 2004 study year, 2005 showed an 83% increase in the overall number of observed entrapped or stranded juvenile salmon. Much of this increase can be attributed to one entrapment found along the north shore of Pierce Island (identified as E501). E501 has historically been known to contain relatively large numbers of entrapped salmon. Even so, the number of entrapped salmon observed during 2005 was a 732% increase (5926) over any prior study years. Over 83% of all chum, 63.1% of all chinook, and 63.2% of all coho sampled during 2005 were retrieved from entrapments that were likely to have formed when Bonneville Dam tailwater levels dropped to elevations between 11.5 and 12.9 feet. Peak numbers of chum and chinook were sampled in mid-April when tailwater levels ranged between 11.6ft and 15.6ft. Peak numbers of coho were sampled during the last week of

  16. Minnesota School Readiness Year Three Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2004--Promoting School Readiness in Local Communities with a Strategic Sample of School Districts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    This report summarizes Year One and Year Two study findings and describes findings from Year Three of the assessment of school readiness with a strategic sample of children entering kindergarten in fall 2004. It is the intent of the Minnesota School Readiness Studies to use results to inform school administrators and teachers; parents; early…

  17. Communicating Uncertainty to the Public During Volcanic Unrest and Eruption -A Case Study From the 2004-2005 Eruption of Mount St. Helens, USA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gardner, C. A.; Pallister, J. S.

    2005-12-01

    The earthquake swarm beneath Mount St. Helens that began on 23 September 2004 did not initially appear different from previous swarms (none of which culminated in an eruption) that had occurred beneath the volcano since the end of the 1980-1986 eruptions. Three days into the swarm, however, a burst of larger-magnitude earthquakes indicated that this swarm was indeed different and prompted the U.S. Geological Survey's Cascades Volcano Observatory (CVO) to issue a change in alert level, the first time such a change had been issued in the Cascades in over 18 years. From then on, the unrest accelerated quickly as did the need to communicate the developing conditions to the public and public officials, often in the spotlight of intense media attention. Within three weeks of the onset of unrest, magma reached the surface. Since mid-October 2004, lava has been extruding through a glacier within the crater of Mount St. Helens, forming a 60 Mm3 dome by August 2005. The rapid onset of the eruption required a rapid ramping up of communication within and among the scientific, emergency-response and land-management communities, as well as the reestablishment of protocols that had not been rigorously tested for 18 years. Early on, daily meetings of scientists from CVO and the University of Washington's Pacific Northwest Seismograph Network were established to discuss incoming monitoring data and to develop a consensus on the likely course of activity, hazard potential and the uncertainty inherent in these forecasts. Subgroups developed scenario maps to describe the range of activity likely under different eruptive behaviors and sizes, and assessed short- and long-term probabilities of eruption, explosivity and hazardous events by employing a probability-tree methodology. Resultant consensual information has been communicated to a variety of groups using established alert levels for ground-based and aviation communities, daily updates and media briefings, postings on the

  18. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2007-08 (Fiscal Year 2008). First Look. NCES 2010-323

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honegger, Steven D.

    2010-01-01

    This publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2007-08. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of school…

  19. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005). First Look. NCES 2007-355

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei; Gaviola, Nick

    2007-01-01

    This brief publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2004-05. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of…

  20. Ambient air particulate concentrations and metallic elements principal component analysis at Taichung Harbor (TH) and WuChi Traffic (WT) near Taiwan Strait during 2004-2005.

    PubMed

    Fang, Guor-Cheng; Wu, Yuh-Shen; Wen, Chih-Chung; Huang, Shih-Han; Rau, Jui-Yeh

    2006-09-01

    The purpose of this study is to characterize metallic elements associated with atmospheric particulate matter of total suspended particulate (TSP), fine particle (particle matter with aerodynamical diameter <2.5 microm, PM(2.5)), coarse particle (particle matter with aerodynamical diameter 2.5-10 microm, PM (2.5-10)) at the Taichung Harbor (TH) and WuChi Traffic (WT) sampling site of central Taiwan during March 2004 to February 2005. The result indicated the average total suspended particulate concentration in 1 year was 157.31 and 112.58 microg m(-3) at TH and WT sampling site, respectively. Fine particle (PM(2.5)) size was the dominant species at TH and WT sampling site. In TH sampling site, higher correlation coefficient was observed on total suspended particulates of metallic elements Fe and Zn. And in WT sampling site, higher correlation coefficients displayed on total suspended particulates of metallic elements Fe and Zn, Fe and Mn. Ambient airborne particle principal component analysis of metallic metals was used to identify the possible pollutant sources in this study. At the TH sampling site, 50.81% of the total variance of the data was observed in factor 1. Higher loading of Fe (0.86), Zn (0.79), Pb (0.76), and Mn (0.68) were contributed by traffic emission and the soil source. At the WT sampling site, factor 1 explained 53.74% of the total variance of the data and had high loading for Zn (0.86) and Cu (0.85), which were identified as industrial/traffic emission sources. PMID:16616415

  1. "Speak Our Language...Abide by Our Philosophy": Language & Cultural Assimilation at a U.S. Midwestern High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brantmeier, Edward J.

    2007-01-01

    Based on an approximate eight month critical ethnographic action research project at a U.S. Midwestern high school in 2004-2005, this article presents data related to the linguistic ideology and associated cultural assimilationist attitudes and practices at Junction High School. During an intercultural peace curricula development project, members…

  2. Comparing the Reproductive Success of Yakima River Hatchery- and Wild-Origin Spring Chinook; Yakima/Klickitat Fisheries Project Monitoring and Evaluation, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Schroder, S.L.; Pearsons, T.N.; Knudsen, C.M.

    2005-05-01

    originated from wild fish returning to the upper Yakima River. When they return as adults, almost all of them will spawn naturally in the Yakima River. The offspring they produce are expected to augment the Yakima spring Chinook population. Whether such an increase will occur or how great it may be depends on two factors, the ability of hatchery fish to reproduce under natural conditions and the capacity of their offspring to survive to maturity. One of the objectives of the Yakima Fisheries Project is to determine whether the hatchery-origin adults produced by the project have experienced any reduction in their ability to reproduce under natural conditions. To accomplish that objective an observation stream was built in 2000 on the grounds of the Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facility. Beginning in 2001 hatchery and wild spring Chinook from the upper Yakima River stock have been introduced into the stream and allowed to reproduce. Microsatellite DNA is used to establish the genetic relationships between the adults placed into the stream and fry that are produced by each population. Six populations consisting of mixtures of wild and hatchery fish have been placed into the stream. Pedigree assessments have been completed on five of them. These assessments have shown that the reproductive success in males is often twice as variable as that experienced by females. In the five populations so far examined; wild males (age 4 and 5) produced the most offspring. The success of comparable hatchery males relative to wild males ranged from 37% to 113%. Hatchery and wild males maturing as 3-yr-olds (jacks) and as 1- and 0-yr-olds (precocious males) were also used in the study populations. They were not as successful at producing offspring as the larger hatchery and wild males. During 2001 and 2002 two populations of hatchery and wild fish were placed into the observation stream each year. Each one occupied about half of the structure. In these populations wild females exhibited

  3. Children Entering School Ready To Learn: School Readiness Information. School Year 2002-03 by State and County.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore.

    As part of efforts to improve services for children from birth to age five, the Maryland Joint Committee on Children, Youth, and Families charged the State Department of Education with identifying and implementing, by school year 2000-01, an early childhood assessment system that would provide baseline information on children entering…

  4. School Start Times for Middle School and High School Students - United States, 2011-12 School Year.

    PubMed

    Wheaton, Anne G; Ferro, Gabrielle A; Croft, Janet B

    2015-08-01

    Adolescents who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight; not engage in daily physical activity; suffer from depressive symptoms; engage in unhealthy risk behaviors such as drinking, smoking tobacco, and using illicit drugs; and perform poorly in school. However, insufficient sleep is common among high school students, with less than one third of U.S. high school students sleeping at least 8 hours on school nights. In a policy statement published in 2014, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) urged middle and high schools to modify start times as a means to enable students to get adequate sleep and improve their health, safety, academic performance, and quality of life. AAP recommended that "middle and high schools should aim for a starting time of no earlier than 8:30 a.m.". To assess state-specific distributions of public middle and high school start times and establish a pre-recommendation baseline, CDC and the U.S. Department of Education analyzed data from the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS). Among an estimated 39,700 public middle, high, and combined schools* in the United States, the average start time was 8:03 a.m. Overall, only 17.7% of these public schools started school at 8:30 a.m. or later. The percentage of schools with 8:30 a.m. or later start times varied greatly by state, ranging from 0% in Hawaii, Mississippi, and Wyoming to more than three quarters of schools in Alaska (76.8%) and North Dakota (78.5%). A school system start time policy of 8:30 a.m. or later provides teenage students the opportunity to achieve the 8.5-9.5 hours of sleep recommended by AAP and the 8-10 hours recommended by the National Sleep Foundation. PMID:26247433

  5. Survival Estimates for the Passage of Spring-Migrating Juvenile Salmonids through Snake and Columbia River Dams and Reservoirs, 2004-2005 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, Steven G.; Muir, William D.; Marsh, Douglas M.

    2005-10-01

    In 2004, the National Marine Fisheries Service and the University of Washington completed the twelfth year of a study to estimate survival and travel time of juvenile salmonids (Oncorhynchus spp.) passing through dams and reservoirs on the Snake and Columbia Rivers. All estimates were derived from detections of fish tagged with passive integrated transponder tags (PIT tags). We PIT tagged and released a total of 19,621 hatchery steelhead, 8,128 wild steelhead, and 9,227 wild yearling Chinook salmon at Lower Granite Dam. In addition, we utilized fish PIT tagged by other agencies at traps and hatcheries upstream from the hydropower system and sites within the hydropower system. PIT-tagged smolts were detected at interrogation facilities at Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental, McNary, John Day, and Bonneville Dams and in the PIT-tag detector trawl operated in the Columbia River estuary. Survival estimates were calculated using a statistical model for tag-recapture data from single release groups (the single-release model). Primary research objectives in 2004 were to (1) estimate reach survival and travel time in the Snake and Columbia Rivers throughout the migration period of yearling Chinook salmon O. tshawytscha and steelhead O. mykiss; (2) evaluate relationships between survival estimates and migration conditions; and (3) evaluate the survival-estimation models under prevailing conditions. This report provides reach survival and travel time estimates for 2004 for PIT-tagged yearling Chinook salmon (hatchery and wild), hatchery sockeye salmon O. nerka, hatchery coho salmon O. kisutch, and steelhead (hatchery and wild) in the Snake and Columbia Rivers. Results are reported primarily in the form of tables and figures; details on methodology and statistical models used are provided in previous reports cited here. Survival and detection probabilities were estimated precisely for most of the 2004 yearling Chinook salmon and steelhead migrations. Hatchery and

  6. CDC Guidance for State and Local Public Health Officials and School Administrators for School (K-12) Responses to Influenza during the 2009-2010 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This document provides guidance to help decrease the spread of flu among students and school staff during the 2009-2010 school year. This document expands upon earlier school guidance documents by providing a menu of tools that school and health officials can choose from based on conditions in their area. It recommends actions to take this school…

  7. Changes in Weight over the School Year and Summer Vacation: Results of a 5-Year Longitudinal Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moreno, Jennette P.; Johnston, Craig A.; Woehler, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Background: Evidence suggests that children gain more weight during the summer months compared with the school year. To examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight further, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standardized BMI (zBMI) of students entering kindergarten. Methods: Heights…

  8. Changes in weight over the school year and summer vacation: Results of a 5-year longitudinal study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Evidence suggests that children gain more weight during the summer months compared with the school year. In order to further examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standardized BMI (zBMI) of students...

  9. In-School Work Experience and the Returns to Two-Year and Four-Year Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molitor, C.J.; Leigh, D.E.

    2005-01-01

    Building on the existing education literature, we address two interrelated questions. First, how sensitive are estimated returns to two-year and four-year colleges to the inclusion of in-school work experience? Second, do the estimated returns to in-school work experience vary by type of educational institution attended? Regarding the first…

  10. The Number Knowledge of Four to Five Year Olds at School Entry and at the End of Their First Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Suggate, Jennifer; Aubrey, Carol; Pettitt, Deirdre

    1997-01-01

    Examined the change in number knowledge and number strategies from school entry to year end among kindergartners. Found a wide range of knowledge and a broad span of achievements at both times. Overall, many children displayed considerable numerical competence at school entry, most displayed marked improvement over the year, whereas a small…

  11. Changes in weight over the school year and summer vacation: Results of a 5-year longitudinal study

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Some evidence suggests that children have relatively higher increases in weight during the summer months compared to the school year. In order to further examine the impact of the school and summer environment on children's weight, we conducted a 5-year longitudinal study examining changes in standa...

  12. Black Mesa Community School: Ten Years Later. A Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black Mesa Community School Board, Inc., Chinle, AZ.

    The Black Mesa Community School, serving elementary school children in an isolated district of the Arizona Navajo reservation, represents the first step in Indian self-determination for area Navajos. The school is the result of community efforts begun in 1972 with a petition to operate a full-time school program for grades K-4 at Kitsilee.…

  13. Push Is on to Add Time to School Day, Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleming, Nora

    2011-01-01

    Policymakers are promoting expanded learning time to help low-performing students, but the know-how and resources for implementation are lacking. Providence's expanded-school-day pilot is a partnership between the school district and the Providence After School Alliance, a nonprofit that manages after-school programs for low-income students in…

  14. Five-Year Projected Utah School District Building Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

    Utah and its school districts share the responsibility for providing adequate school facilities, including developing feasible alternatives to new construction. School facilities are financed primarily with local property taxes supplemented with limited state aid. During summer 1982, Utah's 40 school districts projected their highest priority…

  15. Alaska Education Directory, School Year 1999-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau.

    This 1999-2000 directory provides information on Alaska's public schools, school districts, education organizations, and institutions of higher education. A statistical summary indicates that in 1998-99, Alaska enrolled 132,905 students in 503 public schools. Breakdowns by grade configuration and enrollment show that about half the schools served…

  16. Three-Year Results of the Friendly Schools Whole-of-School Intervention on Children's Bullying Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Donna; Monks, Helen; Hall, Marg; Shaw, Therese; Pintabona, Yolanda; Erceg, Erin; Hamilton, Greg; Roberts, Clare; Waters, Stacey; Lester, Leanne

    2011-01-01

    A group randomized controlled trial tested the efficacy of the Friendly Schools program to reduce student bullying behaviour. This socio-ecological intervention targeted the whole school, classroom, family, and individual students to reduce bullying behaviour. Self-report data were collected in 29 schools over three years from a cohort of 1968…

  17. Absenteeism in DC Public Schools Early Education Program: An Update for School Year 2013-14. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dubay, Lisa; Holla, Nikhil

    2015-01-01

    Enrollment in early childhood education programs can be an important stepping stone to higher educational achievement, particularly for low-income children. This report examines the extent of absenteeism in the District of Columbia Public Schools' (DCPS) school-based Head Start program in the 2013-2014 school year (SY). Absence rates and the share…

  18. School Choice in New York City after Two Years: An Evaluation of the School Choice Scholarships Program. Interim Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, David; Peterson, Paul; Mayer, Daniel; Chou, Julia; Howell, William G.

    This report describes the second-year results for an evaluation of the School Choice Scholarships Foundation (SCSF) program to award 1,300 scholarships so that children of low-income families in grades 1 through 4 in New York City public schools could transfer to private schools. Because the scholarships were awarded through a lottery, the…

  19. Students' Transition Experience in the 10th Year of Schooling: Perceptions That Contribute to Improving the Quality of Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Ana Cristina; Mouraz, Ana

    2015-01-01

    The study followed students in their 10th year of schooling that entered a new secondary education school in order to examine their perceptions of their previous schools' work and of its relationship with the difficulties they experience when in the transition. The analysis of 155 completed questionnaires of previous students of nine basic…

  20. A Principal's Story. Two-Year Effort To Turn around Edison Elementary School in San Francisco.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romines, Ken

    In this memoir, a principal recounts the story of his 2 years at Edison Elementary School in San Francisco (CA), a school that was called the worst school in California. The students had the worst standardized test scores in the district, and racial discord and playground violence were common. The school was facing the threat of reconstitution,…

  1. Lessons from a First Year Evaluation of a School Restructuring Pilot Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edirisooriya, Gunapala; And Others

    This paper examines the strengths and weaknesses of the first-year implementation of the school restructuring pilot project in Baltimore City Public Schools. Implemented in 10 elementary, 2 middle, and 2 high schools, the project sought to implement school-based management to enhance student achievement. Data were collected from a survey of…

  2. Year-Round Schools: The 45-15 Plan. PREP-27.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

    The Valley View 45-15 Continuous School Year Plan, begun by the Valley View School District 96, Lockport, Illinois, in June 1970, calls for each student to attend school 45 schooldays and then have a 15-schoolday vacation. Thus, only three-fourths of the entire student body is in school at one time, resulting in a 33% increase in classrooms…

  3. Summer School Survey of Arkansas' Two-Year Higher Education Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moody, Allen B.

    As part of an effort to improve its summer school offerings, Arkansas' Garland County Community College conducted a survey of summer school practices at the state's 23 other two-year colleges. Survey results, based on responses from all 23 schools, included the following: (1) 13 schools offered 2 sessions during the summer months, 7 offered 3…

  4. The Politics of Educational Reform: The Alberta Charter School Experiment 20 Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosetti, Lynn; Butterfield, Phil

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we examine the public charter school movement in the Province of Alberta, Canada over the past 20 years to determine how charter school policy and regulations have limited and controlled the impact of charter schools on public education. Specifically we focus on the extent to which charter schools in Alberta fulfilled the aims and…

  5. Montana Statewide Dropout and Graduate Report: 2004-05 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The Montana School Accreditation Standards (10.55.603, ARM) require schools to do follow-up studies of graduates and students no longer in attendance. This report provides information on students who graduated or dropped out of Montana public, state-funded and nonpublic, accredited schools during the 2004-05 school year. Students who drop out of…

  6. 2004-2005 MINERAL PROCESSING INITIATIVE

    EPA Science Inventory

    The US-EPA Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA) has implemented a national initiative for the mineral processing and mining industry. As part of the initiative, US-EPA Region 4 inspected and conducted sampling at seven phosphate-processing facilities during this...

  7. School and the 17-Year-Old: A Comparison of Career Development Skills of 17-Year-Olds Attending School and Those Not Attending.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.

    National performance for 17-year-olds in school, 17-year-olds not in school and young adults aged 26-35 in the area of career and occupational development (COD) was assessed to determine whether or not education status and career development skills are related. Within each of the groups, performance of various subgroups was examined, defined by…

  8. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2009-10 (Fiscal Year 2010): First Look. NCES 2013-307

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.

    2013-01-01

    This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2009-10, fiscal year 2010 (FY 10). The F-33 is a district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Governments Division of…

  9. Public Elementary and Secondary School Revenues and Current Expenditures for Fiscal Year 1987 (School Year 1986-87): Preliminary Tabulations. E.D. TABS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.

    This document reports preliminary tabulations of public elementary and secondary school revenues and current expenditures for Fiscal Year 1987 (School Year 1986-87). Data shows revenues by local, state, intermediate, and federal sources, and current expenditures by categories of instruction, support services, noninstructional services, and fixed…

  10. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2008-09 (Fiscal Year 2009). First Look. NCES 2012-313

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.; Noel, Amber M.

    2011-01-01

    This report presents data from the School District Finance Survey (F-33) of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system for school year (SY) 2008-09 (fiscal year [FY] 2009). The F-33 is a district-level financial survey that consists of data submitted annually to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and the Governments Division of…

  11. First Year Experiences in School of Mechanical Engineering Kanazawa University

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kinari, Toshiyasu; Kanjin, Yuichi; Furuhata, Toru; Tada, Yukio

    This paper reports two lectures of the first year experience, ‧Lecture on Life in Campus and Society‧ and ‧Freshman Seminar‧ and discusses their effects. Both lectures have been given freshmen of the school of mechanical engineering, Kanazawa University in H20 spring term. The former lecture is aimed at freshmen to keep on a proper way in both social and college life. It consists of normal class and e-learning system lectures. E-learning system examination requires students to review the whole text book and that seems to have brought better results in the survey. The latter seminar is aimed at freshmen to get active and self-disciplined learning way through their investigation, discussion, presentation, writing work, and so on.

  12. Michigan Extended School Year Programs 1992-1995. An Evaluation of a State Grant Initiative.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Axelrad-Lentz, Susan F.

    Michigan lawmakers funded a competitive grant program for school districts to plan and implement extended school year (ESY) programs of 200 days. The primary purpose was to raise academic achievement. In the spring of 1992, 16 diverse school districts were awarded ESY planning grants. Continuation grants funded 2 ESY implementation years, for…

  13. Education of Handicapped Children; Status Report: School Year 1973-74 and Midyear 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsley, Marilyn

    Reported is the status of Colorado public schools' special education services for the school year 1973-74 and midyear 1974-75. Presented is school year 1973-74 information on students served, not served, and the nature of services rendered. Summarized are data on special education instructional and support staff. Special education costs and…

  14. New Mexico's Public Two-Year Colleges and Postsecondary Vocational Schools, 1976-77 Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico State Board of Educational Finance, Santa Fe.

    In a collective report of New Mexico's twelve two-year colleges and postsecondary vocational schools, the following information is reported for each institution: the organizational statute, year of organization, vocational school designation, public school districts included within the institutional district, and the percent of district high…

  15. Factors Influencing Classroom Behavioral Engagement during the First Year at School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Pei-Jung; Lamb, Michael E.

    2014-01-01

    The present study examined child and school factors that might foster classroom behavioral engagement during the first year at school in a sample of 67 typically developing British 4-year-olds. The children were followed for 9 months from the summer before enrollment through the first 7 months of school. Our findings showed that effortful control…

  16. West Virginia Safe and Supportive (S3) Schools Project: Year 2 Implementation Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whisman, Andy

    2013-01-01

    The 4-year federal Safe and Supportive Schools (S3) program supports targeted interventions to improve and measure conditions for learning at the high school level. For 2011-2012 (Year 2), two evaluation questions were investigated: (EQ1) To what extent do participating schools implement the program with fidelity relative to the WV Model for…

  17. Report of the Minnesota Department of Education Survey of School Buildings: 50 Years and Older.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.

    Findings of a study that determined the physical conditions of Minnesota's public school buildings 50 years and older are presented in this report. Data were obtained from a survey that was distributed to 367 school districts that have 614 buildings 50 years and older. Responses were received from 398 buildings in 242 school districts. Findings…

  18. Finding Ways to Effectively Use Year 12 Achievement Data to Inform Practice in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Italiano, Frank; Hine, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    This action research explored how Year 12 achievement data were used by school personnel to inform practice within seven Catholic secondary schools. Deputy Principals of Curriculum from participating schools were interviewed regarding their perceptions of the improvement of Year 12 student achievement outcomes, and their insights into how to…

  19. A Time Profile of Mathematics in a "Gap Year" in Irish Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prendergast, Mark; O'Meara, Niamh

    2016-01-01

    The Irish education system is unique in an international context as it sets aside a full school year for a transition and youth development programme in the middle of secondary education. The Transition Year (TY) programme is an optional, full time programme offered in the majority of secondary schools. Each school designs its own programme,…

  20. District of Columbia Public Schools: School Year 2014-2015. Parental Right to Know Guide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, 2014

    2014-01-01

    School-Parent Compacts are a component of school-level parental involvement policies, and must be developed by the school, teacher, and parents as a description of how parents, the entire school staff, and students themselves will work together for improved student academic achievement. This District of Columbia Public Schools School Year…

  1. How To Forecast School Enrollments Accurately -- and Years Ahead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leggett, Stanton

    1973-01-01

    Although there is ample evidence to indicate that school enrollments are nosing downward, school boards are cautioned to be alert for enrollment powder kegs'' and to go slowly on easing up.'' (Author/JF)

  2. How to Get Your Child Ready for a Successful School Year

    MedlinePlus

    ... news/fullstory_160380.html How to Get Your Child Ready for a Successful School Year Good sleep, ... are heading back to school, according to a child health expert. "As children grow, it's essential to ...

  3. Hormone-Driven Kids: A Call for Social and Emotional Learning in the Middle School Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Robin

    1999-01-01

    Describes the basic tenets of social and emotional learning; discusses the emotional and social challenges that middle school children face; and provides suggestions for parents and teachers to help promote smooth sailing through these rocky middle school years. (SR)

  4. Forty Years of Change in Schools: Some Personal Reflections.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Matthew B.

    1993-01-01

    Discusses 10 major school change strategies engaging the author's energy, beginning with training in group dynamics in the 1950s through today's emphasis on school restructuring. Other strategies included innovation diffusion and transfer, organizational self-renewal, knowledge transfer, creation of new schools, supported implementation, local…

  5. Forty Years of School Readiness Research: What Have We Learned?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winter, Suzanne M.; Kelley, Michael F.

    2008-01-01

    The issue of children's school readiness concerns parents and teachers worldwide. Kindergarten teachers have reported that approximately one-third of U.S. children entering school are ill-prepared to achieve success. Experts also warn that many children are entering school lacking the fundamental skills to achieve academic success. It is…

  6. Expanding Schooling Opportunities for 4-Year-Olds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leuven, Edwin; Lindahl, Mikael; Oosterbeek, Hessel; Webbink, Dinand

    2010-01-01

    We use a novel quasi-experimental strategy to estimate the effect of expanding early schooling enrollment possibilities on early achievement. It exploits two features of the school system in The Netherlands. The first is rolling admissions; children are allowed to start school immediately after their 4th birthday instead of at the beginning of the…

  7. Central Falls High School: First Year Transformation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Amy; Whitney, Joye; Shah, Hardeek; Foley, Ellen; Dure, Elsa

    2011-01-01

    In January 2010, the Rhode Island Department of Education (RIDE) identified Central Falls High School (CFHS) as one of the state's persistently lowest-achieving schools. The Central Falls School District (CFSD) and the Central Falls Teachers Union (CFTU) considered the transformation model but could not come to an agreement initially around…

  8. Western Pennsylvania Schools Without Failure Consortium: First Year Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.

    The consortium was formed in the summer of 1971 as a means of implementing William Glasser's philosophy and methods. The program was implemented in two parochial elementary schools and in nine public elementary schools located in eight school districts. The evaluation discussed in this report included questionnaires to measure pupil self concepts…

  9. High School Transfer Students and the Transition to College: Timing and the Structure of the School Year

    PubMed Central

    Sutton, April; Muller, Chandra; Langenkamp, Amy G.

    2013-01-01

    The timing of a high school transfer may shape students’ transitions to college through its (mis)alignment with the structure of the school year. A transfer that occurs during the summer interrupts the four-year high school career, whereas a transfer that occurs midyear disrupts both the four-year high school career and the structure of the school year. Using the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS), the investigators find that the penalty suffered after the transfer depends on the degree to which students’ high school pathways synchronize with the curricular and extracurricular structure of the school year. Midyear transfer students appear to suffer the greatest postsecondary matriculation penalty. Students who transfer midyear are less likely to attend a four-year college compared with nontransfer and summer transfer students, whereas summer transfer students are less likely to attend a highly selective four-year college compared with their nontransfer counterparts. Curricular and extracurricular disruptions that transfer students experience after their school move explain some, but not all, of the negative associations observed between transferring and the transition to college. Directions for future research and the theoretical and policy implications of the results are discussed. PMID:24683277

  10. Teaching Children about Mental Health and Illness: A School Nurse Health Education Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeSocio, Janiece; Stember, Lisa; Schrinsky, Joanne

    2006-01-01

    A mental health education program designed by school nurses for children ages 10-12 was developed in 2000-2001 and expanded with broader distribution in 2004-2005. Six classroom sessions, each 45 minutes in length, provided information and activities to increase children's awareness of mental health and illness. Education program content included…

  11. Stability and Change in Rural Youths’ Educational outcomes through the Middle and High School Years

    PubMed Central

    Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

    2014-01-01

    There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths’ school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths’ developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education, school misbehavior, and extracurricular activity participation). The cohort-sequential study consisted of 3,312 African American and White youth (50% female) who were surveyed over three and a half years, including the transition to high school. The results reveal significant changes in the outcomes from sixth to twelfth grade. For example, on average, school misbehavior increased over time while perceived school belonging decreased over time. Gender and race differences emerged; African American youth reported placing higher importance on education and less participation in school activities than White youth. The discussion focuses on the importance of examining rural adolescents’ educational pathways during the high school transition. PMID:21140200

  12. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2011-12 (Fiscal Year 2012). First Look. NCES 2014-303

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.

    2015-01-01

    This First Look report presents data on public elementary and secondary education revenues and expenditures at the local education agency (LEA) or school district level for fiscal year (FY) 2012.1. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) Revenue and expenditure totals by state and the 100…

  13. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2012-13 (Fiscal Year 2013). First Look. NCES 2015-303

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornman, Stephen Q.

    2016-01-01

    This First Look report presents data on public elementary and secondary education revenues and expenditures at the local education agency (LEA) or school district level for fiscal year (FY) 2013. Specifically, this report includes findings from the following types of school finance data: (1) revenue and expenditure totals by state and the 100…

  14. Seniors' Postsecondary Plans and Scholarships School Year 2012-2013. Research & Evaluation Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffin, Ashley

    2014-01-01

    During their senior year, students in the Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) schools develop a postsecondary plan indicating their intentions upon graduation from high school. Postsecondary plan data were generated and consists of several categories, including attending a four-year college/university, attending a two-year/community…

  15. Assessing Value-Added in the First Year of Schooling: Some Results and Methodological Considerations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sharp, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    This article reports data from children aged about 5 years in their 1st year of schooling. Scores on tests of both literacy and numeracy at the start and end of the year were used to derive value-added measures of progress using both residual gain analysis and multilevel (ML) modelling. Results indicated that the school was more effective in…

  16. EXTENDED SCHOOL YEAR DESIGNS--AN INTRODUCTION TO NEW PLANS OF SCHOOL ORGANIZATION WHICH CAN RESULT IN FINANCIAL ECONOMIES AND PROVIDE MORE EDUCATION FOR ALL PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    THOMAS, GEORGE ISAIAH

    THIS REPORT EXPLORES PLANS OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL ORGANIZATION BASED UPON THE LENGTHENING OF THE SCHOOL YEAR TO REDUCE BY ONE OR MORE YEARS THE TOTAL PERIOD OF SCHOOLING. PRACTICAL INFORMATION IS PRESENTED CONCERNING (1) THE CONTINUOUS SCHOOL YEAR PLAN, (2) THE TRIMESTER PLAN, (3) THE QUADRIMESTER PLAN, (4) THE MODIFIED SUMMER SCHOOL…

  17. The Relationship between Parental Involvement and Adequate Yearly Progress among Urban, Suburban, and Rural Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Xin; Shen, Jianping; Krenn, Huilan Y.

    2014-01-01

    Using national data from the 2007-08 School and Staffing Survey, we compared the relationships between parental involvement and school outcomes related to adequate yearly progress (AYP) in urban, suburban, and rural schools. Parent-initiated parental involvement demonstrated significantly positive relationships with both making AYP and staying off…

  18. Student-Level Analysis of Year 1 (2003-2004) Achievement Outcomes for Tennessee Charter Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Steven M.; McDonald, Aaron J.; Gallagher, Brenda McSparrin

    2005-01-01

    This report presents student-level achievement results for the four charter schools that began operation in Tennessee during the 2003-04 academic year. To conduct a rigorous and valid analysis of student achievement outcomes at these schools, we employed a matched program-control design at the student level, whereby each charter school student was…

  19. Integration in Missouri Public Schools: Faculty and Students Twenty Years After "Brown."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henderson, David

    This report is a study of school integration in Missouri 20 years after the United States Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. During the course of the study a number of school districts were visited. In most cases, the superintendent of schools or a high ranking administrator was interviewed. The method of…

  20. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2007-2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2007-2008, with selected comparisons to prior…

  1. How Is the Approach to Teaching at Secondary School Related to First-Year University Achievement?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torenbeek, Marjolein; Jansen, Ellen P. W. A.; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

    2011-01-01

    The study presented here is an elaboration on recent educational effectiveness research focusing on long-term school effects. Central in this study is the approach to teaching at secondary schools and its relation to student perception of the fit between school and university and 1st-year academic achievement. Based on previous research, a coding…

  2. A Study of Professional Staff Turnover in Catskill Area Schools for the Year Ending June 1968.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heldman, Lawrence J.

    The professional staff in 33 Catskill Area School Study Council and peripheral area schools for the year ending June 1968 consisted of 70 administrators, 1,557 classroom teachers, and 131 persons in other professional staff capacities. The schools ranged in enrollment from 233 to 3,033. Of the 261 professional staff involved in the total turnover,…

  3. FORTY YEARS OF SCHOOL PLANT DISSERTATIONS. A REVIEW WITH SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CLASEN, ROBERT E.

    A BIBLIOGRAPHIC REVIEW OF PUBLISHED AND UNPUBLISHED DISSERTATIONS RELATED TO SCHOOL PLANTS IS COMPILED BY YEARS BEGINNING WITH STUDIES PRODUCED IN 1921 AND IS CROSS INDEXED BY TOPIC. IT REVIEWS THE SCHOOL PLANT PROBLEMS MOST INVESTIGATED BY STUDENTS. A BRIEF HISTORY OF SCHOOL BUILDING DEVELOPMENT IS PRESENTED IN LIGHT OF CORRESPONDING ECONOMIC AND…

  4. Rural School District Enrollment and Building Capacity: Projections for the Next 10 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yan, Wenfan

    2009-01-01

    Given the shifting population trends across the U.S. and Pennsylvania, it is important for policy makers and school districts to know what to expect, in terms of school district enrollment and facility needs, in the coming years. This research was conducted to provide a perspective on the potential building needs of school districts over the next…

  5. 50 Years after "Brown": Segregation in the Miami-Dade County Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, James

    2004-01-01

    Fifty years after the "Brown v. Board of Education" decision outlawed de jure segregation in American schools, many school districts remain segregated. Despite numerous efforts aimed at desegregation, residential segregation--the primary barrier to significant school desegregation--remains entrenched throughout the United States. The Miami-Dade…

  6. Middle School Teacher and Student Ethnicity in Texas: A MultiYear Statewide Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bone, Jamie; Slate, John R.; Martinez-Garcia, Cynthia

    2011-01-01

    In this investigation, relationships between teacher ethnicity and student ethnicity in Texas public middle schools were examined. Through the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System, publicly available data on all public middle schools in Texas for the 1999-2000 through 2009-2010 school years were downloaded. Statistically…

  7. Catholic Schools Still Make a Difference: Ten Years of Research, 1991-2000.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Thomas C., Ed.; Joseph, Ellis A., Ed.; Nuzzi, Ronald J., Ed.

    The collection of articles in this publication offers a review of the research on Catholic schools during the past decade, and as such, represents an update of "Catholic Schools Make a Difference: Twenty-Five Years of Research." Following the "Introduction," the volume is divided into five sections: (1) "Catholic Schools and the Broader Church"…

  8. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2009-2010

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2009-2010, with selected comparisons to prior…

  9. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2010-2011

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2012

    2012-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" (Section 22.1-279.3:1) requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2010-2011, with…

  10. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2008-2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2008-2009, with selected comparisons to prior…

  11. Stability and Change in Rural Youths' Educational Outcomes through the Middle and High School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witherspoon, Dawn; Ennett, Susan

    2011-01-01

    There is a dearth of literature that examines rural youths' school transition and adaptation over the middle and high school years. Given rural education challenges, this study examines rural youths' developmental trajectories of self-reported grades and affective and behavioral educational outcomes (i.e., school belonging, value of education,…

  12. 78 FR 17188 - Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013; Small, Rural School Achievement Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-20

    ... SRSA program? An LEA (including a public charter school that is considered an LEA under State law) is... Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2013; Small, Rural School Achievement Program AGENCY: Office of... School Achievement (SRSA) program, the U.S. Department of Education (Department) awards grants on...

  13. 77 FR 24188 - Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012; Small, Rural School Achievement Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-23

    ... are eligible for an award under the SRSA program? An LEA (including a public charter school that is... Application Deadline for Fiscal Year (FY) 2012; Small, Rural School Achievement Program AGENCY: Office of... School Achievement (SRSA) program, CFDA: Number: 84.358A, the U.S. Department of Education...

  14. Year-One Evaluation of French in the Elementary Schools. Research Report 75-17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleadow, N. E.

    During the 1974-1975 school year eight itinerant French teachers travelled among 20 elementary schools teaching oral French to Grade 6 and Grade 7 students. Each teacher was responsible for two or three schools, The course was based on the book Le Francais Partout-Cours Preliminaire (1967) ed.). The study described in this report was initiated to…

  15. Forty Years of Finnish Pre-School Education: The Development of Curricula between 1972 and 2000

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turunen, Tuija A.; Maatta, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

    2012-01-01

    Since 2001 in Finland, all six year olds have had the right to free pre-school education, and almost all pre-school-aged children take advantage of this opportunity. The purpose of this article is to dissect the development of Finnish pre-school education curricula within the societal context and within the changes in trends of curriculum planning…

  16. Annual Report: Discipline, Crime, and Violence, School Year 2006-2007

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Department of Education, 2008

    2008-01-01

    The "Code of Virginia" requires school divisions statewide to submit data to the Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) on incidents of discipline, crime, and violence (DCV). School divisions began reporting such data in 1991. This annual report focuses primarily on DCV data submitted for school year 2006-2007, with selected comparisons to prior…

  17. Moving down the Track: Changing School Practices during the Second Year of "Diplomas Now"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sepanik, Susan; Corrin, William; Roy, David; Gray, Aracelis; Fernandez, Felix; Briggs, Ashley; Wang, Kathleen K.

    2015-01-01

    Too many students in high-poverty, urban communities drop out of high school, and too few graduate prepared for college and careers. Three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--have formed "Diplomas Now" in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so fewer students drop out and…

  18. Preventing and Responding to Bullying: An Elementary School's 4-Year Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCormac, Mary E.

    2015-01-01

    Bullying continues to be a pervasive problem in schools and requires a schoolwide approach. This article describes the action research process used to examine the impact of a 4-year, K-5 school bullying prevention and intervention. The school counselors collaborated with students, staff, and parents to implement the program, and collected and…

  19. Early College High School Initiative. Evaluation Year End Report: 2003?2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berger, Andrea R.; Cole, Susan; Melton, Janet; Safran, Stephanie; Vogel, Tyler; Walton, Laura; Adelman, Nancy; Hall, Catherine; Keating, Kaelie Knowles; Murray, Samantha; Nielsen, Natalie; Schaffner, Monika

    2005-01-01

    This is the first year-end report produced as part of the on-going evaluation of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Early College High School Initiative. The program provides funding and support for the establishment of Early College High Schools, which are organized to allow all enrolled students the opportunity to earn a high school diploma…

  20. Professional Development and the Teaching Schools Experiment in England: Leadership Challenges in an Alliance's First Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dowling, Simon

    2016-01-01

    This article reports findings from the first year of a longitudinal, mixed-methods case study of a large teaching school alliance in England. This national initiative is intended to drive improvement at system level by grouping schools around formally designated teaching schools. These "alliances" work collaboratively to share learning,…

  1. The Potential Impact of Undiagnosed Vision Impairment on Reading Development in the Early Years of School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurston, Allen

    2014-01-01

    This article presents a critical review of the literature surrounding the potential impact of undiagnosed and untreated vision impairment on reading development in the early years of primary school. Despite pre-school screening programmes, it is still possible for children to enter school with undiagnosed, uncorrected vision impairments. This can…

  2. 25 CFR 39.504 - May schools carry over contingency funds to a subsequent fiscal year?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May schools carry over contingency funds to a subsequent fiscal year? 39.504 Section 39.504 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION THE INDIAN SCHOOL EQUALIZATION PROGRAM Contingency Fund § 39.504 May schools carry over...

  3. 20 Years Later: Dynamics of the School-College Partnership

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heimann, Revital

    2015-01-01

    This descriptive study examined the dynamics of partnership over time between a training school and a college of education. Its purpose was to provide a deeper understanding of the dynamics of collaboration within the context of the partnership between the school and the college. The dynamics of the changes occurring in this collaboration over a…

  4. Measuring School Effectiveness in Memphis--Year 2. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potamites, Liz; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric; Booker, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. New Leaders and its partner organizations have received from the U.S. Department of Education tens of millions of dollars in…

  5. Completion of Twelve Years of Schooling or Its Equivalent.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herbert, Jeannie

    Interviews and focus group meetings were held at 24 schools and 3 nonschool sites across Queensland (Australia) to identify current success experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students, as well as effective practices that promote such success. School statistics are of limited value because Indigenous identification is not…

  6. Constitution Day: Start the School Year with Civics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesser, Eli J.

    2006-01-01

    The celebration and recognition of Constitution Day on September 17th is now required by federal law. The new law, known colloquially as the Byrd Amendment, requires all schools receiving any federal assistance, from kindergarten to higher education, to teach students about the Constitution on Constitution Day. The concept of a school's civic…

  7. Diversifying Our Great City School Teachers: Twenty Year Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Urban Indicator, 1993

    1993-01-01

    This report reviews and analyzes data and issues affecting the supply and demand for teachers in urban public schools for the past, present, and future. The demography of urban teachers does not match that of students. While students of color made up 74.7 percent of all students in the Great City Schools, teachers of color were only 37.9 percent…

  8. New Century High Schools: Evaluation Findings from the Second Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubenstein, Michael C.; Reisner, Elizabeth R.; Coon, Michelle J.; Fabiano, Lara

    2005-01-01

    The New Century High Schools (NCHS) initiative so far has launched three rounds of new small high schools in New York City, working in collaboration with the Department of Education of the City of New York (DOE), the teachers' and principals' professional associations, and a consortium of funders led by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. New…

  9. Education Vital Signs. Common Measures: A Challenging Year for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flanigan, Robin L.

    2003-01-01

    An overview of the state of education. Through text and graphs, describes enrollment trends; spending on school construction, maintenance, and operations; changes in ACT and SAT scores; public opinion of educational vouchers and charter schools; and the growth of educational technology. (Contains eight graphs.) (WFA)

  10. Feminism and School Reform: The Last Fifteen Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agre, Gene P.; Finkelstein, Barbara

    1978-01-01

    Two distinct lines of argument elaborating connections between school reform and women's lives are identified. The "domestic feminism" tradition defines the meaning of education in relation to the processes of moral and psychological nurture; "economic feminists" have looked to schools to readjust the relationships of women to the marketplace.…

  11. Career Changers as First-Year High School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Holly; Fry, Sara; Hourcade, Jack J.

    2014-01-01

    Individuals who change careers to assume teaching roles in secondary schools are more likely to struggle in the classroom than those without such backgrounds. In this investigation, we identified three such career-changing teachers who were beginning their education careers in rural schools, and observed and interviewed them throughout their first…

  12. Student Mobility and Its Implication for Schools' Adequate Yearly Progress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Sharon M.; Meyers, Joel; Oshima, T. Chris

    2011-01-01

    Correlation and regression analyses were used to investigate the relationship of student mobility (as expressed by the school-level mobility rate) and first through fifth grade reading, language arts, and mathematics achievement for a statewide sample of 1062 elementary schools. Comparison data were analyzed to further investigate the relationship…

  13. The First Year of AHERA: Are Our Schools in Compliance?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petix, Julie; And Others

    1991-01-01

    An inspection of 138 New Jersey school buildings revealed that a significant percentage of school officials do not have a good understanding of their asbestos management plan and, therefore, are failing to meet all of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act's requirements. (MLF)

  14. An Evaluation of the Model School Division (MSD) Preschool Program for the School Year 1973-74.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

    This study was designed to assess the extent to which children served by the Model Schools Division Preschool Program developed socially, intellectually, physically and emotionally during the 1973-74 school year. This evaluation was also designed to measure the appropriateness of the learning environment and the amount of services provided by the…

  15. Support for School to Work Remains Strong: Three Year Trends in Public Opinion. Arizona School to Work Briefing Paper #13.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandegrift, Judith A.; Wright, Joel

    Since 1996, Arizona has been building a comprehensive statewide system of school-to-work opportunities for students from kindergarten through college, supported by a School-to-Work (STW) implementation grant from the U.S. Departments of Labor and Education. After 3 years, a public opinion poll of a 2,200-person random sample drawn from parents,…

  16. Motivating and Improving Attitudes to Reading in the Final Years of Primary Schooling in Five New Zealand Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fletcher, Jo; Grimley, Michael; Greenwood, Janinka; Parkhill, Faye

    2012-01-01

    Teachers are influential in motivating and improving attitudes towards reading. This article reports on an investigation of eight teachers of 10- to 12-year-old students from five New Zealand schools and the strategies they used to improve attitudes to reading. Each school had been identified as implementing effective reading programmes by a panel…

  17. Revenues and Expenditures by Public School Districts: School Year 2002-03. E.D. TAB. NCES 2006-312

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Jason; Johnson, Frank

    2005-01-01

    This short report on revenues and expenditures at the school district level is a companion to the state-level E.D. TAB, Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2002-03 (NCES 2005-353R), which presents total state and national spending on public elementary and secondary education. This report provides…

  18. A Year in the Life of an Elementary School: One School's Experiences in Meeting New Mathematics Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorgan, Karen

    2004-01-01

    This qualitative research project studied the efforts of a small public elementary school over the course of 1 academic year to meet higher standards imposed by the state. The state's department of education defined school success in terms of the percentage of students passing a set of multiple-choice, standardized tests in four core areas of the…

  19. A Bullying Intervention System in High School: A Two-Year School-Wide Follow-Up

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Kathleen P.

    2010-01-01

    This study is an evaluation of a systemic, two-year, whole-school bullying intervention initiative that was implemented in a US public high school. Students and staff members were anonymously surveyed before and after the intervention. The goals of the initiative were to reduce bullying and victimization, increase disclosure, increase intervention…

  20. Peer Victimization in Dutch School Classes of Four- to Five-Year-Olds: Contributing Factors at the School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Marielle; Goossens, Frits A.; Willemen, Agnes M.; Schuengel, Carlo

    2009-01-01

    This research was designed to examine how factors within young children's environment (e.g., school factors, neighborhood) contribute to explaining peer victimization. The sample comprised 2,003 children (between 4 and 5 years of age) from 98 classrooms in 23 elementary schools in the Netherlands. Teachers were asked to complete a questionnaire on…

  1. Multi-Track Year-Round Schooling as Cost Saving Reform: Not Just a Matter of Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graves, Jennifer; McMullen, Steven; Rouse, Kathryn

    2013-01-01

    In the face of school crowding and fears about inequality-inducing summer learning loss, many schools have started to adopt multitrack year-round school calendars, which keep the same number of school days, but spread them more evenly across the calendar year. This change allows schools to support a larger student population by rotating which…

  2. Annual Report of the School Safety Committee for the 1976-1977 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Federation of Teachers, New York, NY.

    This report presents an analysis of crimes committed in the elementary and secondary schools of New York. It is noted that the New York City school system had 3,136 staff related incidents in 989 schools during 1976-77. Analysis of the data also indicated that 414 schools reported no staff related incidents and that an additional 148 schools…

  3. Montana High School Dropout Rates by Race/Ethnicity, 2002-03 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCulloch, Linda

    2004-01-01

    The Montana School Accreditation Standards (10.55.603, ARM) require schools to do follow-up studies of graduates and students no longer in attendance, therefore, dropout data is collected from all public and accredited (by the Montana Board of Public Education) nonpublic schools. Each fall, schools report dropout data for grades 7 through 12 by…

  4. Comparing BIA and Tribal Schools with Public Schools: A Look at the Year 1990-91.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavel, D. Michael

    1995-01-01

    Uses data from 1990-91 Schools and Staffing Survey to compare Bureau of Indian Affairs/tribal schools to public schools with high and low Indian enrollment. Examines ethnicity and qualifications of principals and teachers, educator salaries, school problems, and teacher shortages. Indicates the continuing shortage of educators from local native…

  5. The Readiness of High School Students to Pursue First Year Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramnarain, U.; Molefe, P.

    2012-01-01

    A high failure rate at first year physics is often attributed to the lack of readiness of high school students to pursue such studies. This research explores this issue and reports on the perceptions of five physics lecturers at a South African university on the preparedness of high school students for first year physics. Qualitative data was…

  6. The Longer School Day and Five Term Year in CTCs: Some Initial Observations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagedorn, Julia

    To satisfy the requirements of the British national curriculum and to provide greater emphasis on the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology, city technical colleges (CTCs) have adopted a longer working week and, in several cases, a longer school year. This document examines outcomes of the longer school day and the five-term year, 4…

  7. Year Round School Articulation and Compatibility Study. Volume 1: Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossmont Union High School District, CA.

    A ten-member committee was established to identify and illustrate the factors that significantly affect the articulation and compatibility of elementary and secondary school programs resulting from year-round school operation. The committee authorized six projects to implement its purposes. These projects were to create a library of year-round…

  8. High School Social Climate and Antisocial Behavior: A 10 Year Longitudinal and Multilevel Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leblanc, Line; Swisher, Raymond; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.

    2008-01-01

    A longitudinal and multilevel approach is used to examine the relationship between antisocial behavior during adolescence and high school social climate. The data are taken from a longitudinal study of 1,233 boys and girls who attended 217 public and private high schools. Students' disruptive behaviors were assessed yearly from 6 to 12 years of…

  9. The First-Year Urban High School Teacher: Holding the Torch, Lighting the Fire

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Paul J.; Weinberg, Carl

    2008-01-01

    The book tracks co-author Paul Weinberg during his first year of teaching as he is introduced to the daily tribulations of an urban Los Angeles high school. Paul's father Carl Weinberg, who fifty years earlier himself began his career in education an urban secondary school teacher, shares his experiences side-by-side with those of his son.…

  10. Effects of Year-Round Education on Texas Middle School Student Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coopersmith, Michael

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the effects of the year-round calendar on student performance in Texas middle schools as measured by achievement on the Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS) test. In the State of Texas, 15 schools served students in grades six through eight using the year-round calendar in 2009-2010. The 15…

  11. Brooks Global Studies Extended-Year Magnet School. Profiles of Excellence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wishnietsky, Dan H.

    Extending the school year and incorporating global education into the curriculum are two educational innovations that have developed in response to demand for improved educational quality. This handbook profiles how educators and parents in Greensboro, North Carolina, planned Brooks Magnet School and implemented its 210-day, year-round calendar,…

  12. Puberty, Health and Sexual Education in Australian Regional Primary Schools: Year 5 and 6 Teacher Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Duffy, Bernadette; Fotinatos, Nina; Smith, Amanda; Burke, Jenene

    2013-01-01

    The research reported in this paper investigates why teachers in regional primary schools in the Ballarat region of Victoria, Australia, are choosing to outsource the teaching of sexuality education. A survey was conducted of 29 Year 5 and Year 6 teachers from local primary schools. The teachers provided information about: their confidence in…

  13. Teacher Transition between Year Levels in Primary Schools: An Opportunity for Continuing Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlyon, Tracey

    2015-01-01

    Teacher transition between year levels is common practice in many primary schools in New Zealand; however, it is not always perceived as an opportunity for teachers' continuing professional development (CPD). This article reports on a case study that explored four primary school teachers' experiences of transition between year levels. The teachers…

  14. Exploring the Ups and Downs of Mathematics Engagement in the Middle Years of School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Andrew J.; Way, Jennifer; Bobis, Janette; Anderson, Judy

    2015-01-01

    This study of 1,601 students in the middle years of schooling (Grades 5-8, each student measured twice, 1 year apart) from 200 classrooms in 44 schools sought to identify factors explaining gains and declines in mathematics engagement at key transition points. In multilevel regression modeling, findings showed that compared with Grade 6 students…

  15. Four Years after High School: A Capsule Description of 1980 Seniors. Contractor Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Calvin C.; And Others

    The activities and experiences of students who were high school seniors in 1980 were surveyed four years later. Data were provided from the High School and Beyond base-year survey (1980), the first follow-up in 1982, and the second in the spring of 1984, focusing on the graduates' educational, vocational, socioeconomic and familial status, and…

  16. Revisiting the Issue of Year-Round Schools. BCTF Research Report. Section V. 2012-EI-02

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naylor, Charlie

    2012-01-01

    There has been little attention paid to the issue of Year-Round Schools (YRS) in British Columbia's public education system since 1996. The British Columbia Teachers' Federation (BCTF) Research conducted extensive research into the issue of year-round schooling in the mid 1990s, when the growth in student enrolment was significant. At that time…

  17. Evaluation of ESEA Title VIII Dropout Prevention Program, "Project KAPS," School Year 1970-71.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutter, N. Craig; Jones, Earl R.

    The KAPS (or Keeping All Pupils in School) program was initiated by the Baltimore City Public Schools in 1969, using funds provided under Title VIII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This evaluation deals with the academic year 1970-71, the second full year of the project's evaluation. Most important among the goals of Project KAPS is…

  18. Gender, Popularity and Notions of In/Authenticity amongst 12-Year-Old to 13-Year-Old School Girls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Read, Barbara; Francis, Becky; Skelton, Christine

    2011-01-01

    This paper draws on data from a research project investigating gendered identities and interactions of high-achieving students in Year Eight in England (12-13 years old), particularly in relation to students' "popularity" amongst their peers. As part of this study 71 students were interviewed from nine different schools in urban, rural and small…

  19. Experiences from 10 years of school programmes at GEOMAR Kiel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dengg, Joachim

    2014-05-01

    GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany, started a programme of cooperations with secondary schools in 2003, which has been expanding continually since that time. By active involvement of teachers and students, the Centre's research topics are communicated to schools, and young people are encouraged to develop their interest for biogeosciences. The portfolio of activities includes: project work with schools over periods from one day to several months, individual student theses at the research centre, internships, a weekly "Research Club" allowing individual experiments, summer school programmes, teacher training courses, joint activities with international partners and a video-project in which students portray scientific aspects of oceanic oxygen minimum zones (in the context of the Collaborative Research Center SFB 754) to other students. Essential prerequisites for these activities are the direct involvement of the Centre's researchers who contribute their expertise and act as role-models for the students, dedicated staff for coordination and continuity, and financial and structural support both at the research centre and the schools.

  20. A Brief Review of Year-Round School Plans with Cost Estimates for a Proposed Summer Term for Oxford District, Mississippi, Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crim, Roger D.

    Interest in extending the school year to make more efficient use of school facilities has been long standing. The most popular method of extending the school year is the summer session. Although widely popular with administrators, teachers, parents, and students, the summer session suffers from the same limitation as other extended school year…

  1. School-Sponsored Before, After and Extended School Year Programs: The Role of the School Nurse. Position Statement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Elizabeth; Buswell, Sue Ann; Morgitan, Judith; Compton, Linda; Westendorf, Georgene; Chau, Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that the registered professional school nurse (hereinafter referred to as school nurse) has the educational and clinical background to coordinate the necessary school health services to provide students with the same health, nutrition, and safety needs while attending…

  2. Disentangling School Reform Outcomes from School Philanthropy Influences: The Kalamazoo Promise Two Years Later

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lacefield, Warren E.; Van Kannel-Ray, Nancy; Zeller, Pam; Applegate, Brooks

    2009-01-01

    This study tracks initial effects of a philanthropic effort, while disentangling its effects from a major concurrently administrated school improvement initiative. Significant positive effects attributable to both efforts were noted in a middle school student sample. The full impact of the philanthropic and school improvement initiatives will…

  3. Measuring School and Teacher Effectiveness in EPIC Charter School Consortium--Year 2. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potamites, Liz; Booker, Kevin; Chaplin, Duncan; Isenberg, Eric

    2009-01-01

    New Leaders for New Schools, a nonprofit organization committed to training school principals, heads the Effective Practices Incentive Community (EPIC), an initiative that offers financial awards to effective educators. Through this initiative, New Leaders offers financial awards to educators in two urban school districts and a consortium of…

  4. Guidelines for Charter School Annual Reports, 2005-2006 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Massachusetts Department of Education, 2005

    2005-01-01

    The Annual Report is a critical document in charter school accountability; it is intended to be a clear, concise report regarding school performance and its success in meeting Accountability Plan goals. The formatting for each school's report may be unique; however, there are required elements set forth in this document that must be included in…

  5. An Exemplary Cooperative in Elementary School Guidance for Small School Districts. First Year Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cupp, Marion; Fankhauser, Verne

    Because there was a need for counseling services in the elementary school, seven districts joined together in a cooperative effort to provide guidance services. The staff consisted of a project director, four elementary school counselors, a school psychologist, and consultant aid from the college level to serve a population of approximately 2,000…

  6. How the Coalition Campus Schools Have Re-Imagined High School: Seven Years Later.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ancess, Jacqueline; Ort, Suzanna Wichterle

    In 1992, a collaboration of educational reform organizations, the New York City Board of Education, a teachers' union, and private funders created a model of urban high school reform that was practitioner-driven. Two failing high schools, one in Manhattan and one in the Bronx, were phased out while 11 new, small autonomous high schools were…

  7. [70 years of school health in France: an old lady’s forgotten birthday].

    PubMed

    Gindt-Ducros, Agnès; Guigné, Christophe; Robichon, Françoise; Bedouin-Bourel, Marie-Christine

    2016-01-01

    School health in France has recently celebrated its 70th birthday. The authors review the last 70 years and the adjustments made by the various professionals in this field to adapt to political and institutional changes, whether or not these changes were designed to improve the health of infants and children. Changing governance does not facilitate the essential place of team work, especially between Ministry of Education doctors, nurses and social workers. Although these professionals regret the lack of publicity concerning the 70 years of school health, the continuing commitment of young school health professionals illustrates the real importance of health measures in school children and adolescents. PMID:27392052

  8. Help Neighborhood Center Program, School Year 1975-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siperstein, Gary N.

    This report evaluated the impact of the Help-Neighborhood Center Program which was designed to inform parents of fifth through eighth grade students about health problems and community concerns. Four thousand elementary and junior high school students and 100 parents participated in workshops on venereal disease, drug abuse, welfare rights, mental…

  9. Eight Model Schools: An End-of-the-Year Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Electronic Learning, 1984

    1984-01-01

    Educational computing projects profiled focus on computer programing, computer literacy, an electronic bulletin board for math/science research, computer managed instruction for reading, word processing throughout the curriculum, parental participation in computer literacy, and an electronic interstate school newspaper. A list of sources for…

  10. Second Year Analysis of a Hybrid Schedule High School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreiber, James B.; Veal, William R.; Flinders, David J.; Churchill, Sherry

    2001-01-01

    Examined two independent sophomore cohorts from a midwestern high school (332 students and 318 students) that had implemented a multischedule system (traditional block, block, hybrid). Results show a significant difference among schedule types for only one cohort, and only for one mathematics computation test. Results also indicate that schedule…

  11. A Report Card on America's Schools after 20 Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozol, Jonathan

    1988-01-01

    This article describes the rapidly deteriorating conditions of innercity schools as a result of reductions in federal expenditures for public education during the Reagan Administration. It is argued that "excellence," in the Reagan agenda, has become a code word for retreat from equity. (TE)

  12. Three-Year High School Science Core Curriculum: A Framework.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bardeen, Marjorie; Freeman, Wade; Lederman, Leon; Marshall, Stephanie; Thompson, Bruce; Young, M. Jean

    It is time to start a complete re-structuring of the high school science sequence: new content, new instructional materials, new laboratories, new assessment tools, and new teacher preparation. This white paper initiates re-structuring by proposing organization, pedagogy, and content for a new sequence of science courses. The proposal respects the…

  13. Education in Action, School Year 1975-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robin, Fay

    This report is an evaluation of selected New York City Umbrella Programs funded under a special grant from the New York State Legislature. The 1975-76 Education in Action Program, a community health education program, served 427 elementary and junior high school students and 105 community parents in the Harlem and East Harlem communities. The…

  14. MODERN CHINESE FOR THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, FIRST YEAR.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WANG, LUCY Y.L.

    THIS BEGINNING CHINESE TEXT IS THE OUTGROWTH OF THE AUTHOR'S EXPERIENCE IN TEACHING CHINESE TO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN WHO HAVE NOT HAD A CHINESE LINGUISTIC OR CULTURAL BACKGROUND. THE FORMAT AND ILLUSTRATIONS ARE SPECIALLY DESIGNED TO BE ATTRACTIVE TO CHILDREN. BASED ON THE AUDIO-LINGUAL APPROACH, THIS VOLUME PRESENTS A PROGRESSIVELY GRADED…

  15. School Choice in Dayton, Ohio: An Evaluation After One Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, William G.; Peterson, Paul E.

    Despite their limitations, early evaluations of voucher programs provided program operators and evaluation teams with opportunities to learn the problems accompanying the study of school vouchers. Subsequent voucher programs in Dayton (Ohio), New York, and Washington, D.C., were designed to allow for the collection of high-quality information…

  16. Measuring Markets: The Impact of Twelve Years of School Choice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen; Taylor, Chris; Fitz, John

    This study examined the extent to which introduction of educational markets changed the social composition of secondary schools in England and Wales. Using data from the introduction of the 1988 Education Reform Act onward, it measured changes in the tendency for students with different socioeconomic characteristics to cluster in particular…

  17. Effectiveness of Outreach Program: A Three Year Follow-Up Study Among 12 Years School Students in Lucknow

    PubMed Central

    Pawar, Harshita; Saha, Sabyasachi; Jagannath, GV; Kumari, Minti; Singh, Ekta

    2015-01-01

    Aim: To assess the effectiveness of outreach program in the 12 years school going children during a three year follow up period of Lucknow city. Materials and Methods: A random sample of 298 school going children of age 12 years was drawn from adopted schools of Lucknow. Three years later the same population was re-examined with a population of 242 children of 15 y age group. The oral health status of these children was accessed by using WHO 1997 profoma. Results: Significantly (p<0.001) higher proportion of children had healthy gingival, healthy periodontal status after three years. The difference in regard to crowding in the incisal segment in 2010 and 2013 was statistically highly significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that after providing regular dental check up and treatment camps in the three adopted schools after three year follow up study from 2010-2013 showed positive impact on the children oral hygiene status and has been estimated to be on the more positive aspect in future also. PMID:25738083

  18. Multiracial College Students: Understanding Interpersonal Self-Concept in the First Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kamimura, Mark Allen

    2010-01-01

    This purpose of this study was to explore the differences between mixed and single race students in the factors that contribute to an interpersonal self-concept. The data in this study are drawn from a national longitudinal survey, Your First College Year (YFCY), from 2004-2005 and includes mixed race Black and Asian students in comparison to…

  19. Elementary School Achievement Profiles. A School-by-School Report of Basic Skills, Test Results, and School/Student/Staff Data. School Year 1983-94.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Portland Public Schools, OR. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Testing.

    This report presents the 1983-84 summary achievement profiles of the 82 Portland, Oregon, elementary schools for use by school staffs, administrators, and the community for planning, goal setting, and evaluation. The profiles contain Portland Achievement Level Tests results plus data on the physical facility, school personnel, student enrollment,…

  20. Pre-K Longitudinal Study: Findings from the 1999-2000 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henry, Gary T.; Gordon, Craig S.; Mashburn, Andrew; Ponder, Bentley D.

    The Georgia Prekindergarten Program was established in 1993 to provide the state's 4-year-olds with high-quality preschool experiences. A five-year, longitudinal study examined the ways in which differences in prekindergarten services received by 3,639 Pre-K 4-year-olds affected them during their first 3 years of elementary school and assessed the…

  1. Fast Break to Learning School Breakfast Program: A Report of the Second Year Results, 2000-2001.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Kristin; Davison, Mark; Wahlstrom, Kyla; Himes, John; Irish, Margaret L.

    This report provides Year 2 data comparing two types of school breakfast programs in Minnesota to schools that did not serve breakfast at all (No Breakfast schools): Fast Break to Learning, a universal free breakfast program (Fastbreak schools), and programs with a sliding fee scale (control schools). Data were collected from 30 Fastbreak, 195…

  2. Examining Relationships among Elementary Schools' Contexts, Leadership, Instructional Practices, and Added-Year Outcomes: A Regression Discontinuity Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heck, Ronald H.; Moriyama, Karen

    2010-01-01

    This study proposes and tests a multilevel structural model of school context, composition, and school leadership on school instructional practices and outcomes in elementary schools in a western state in the United States. We focus on direct and indirect relationships implied in our proposed model using an "added year of schooling" in reading and…

  3. Year 3 Magnet Schools Assistance Program Annual Progress Report, 2009-10. E&R Report No. 10.09

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brasfield, Jon; Cárdenas, Virginia

    2010-01-01

    The three Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) schools: East Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet Middle School (EGMMS), Garner International Baccalaureate Magnet High School (GMHS), and Southeast Raleigh Leadership and Technology Magnet High School (SRMHS) have shown progress on MSAP performance measures during the 3rd year of the grant.…

  4. School nurses' experiences of delivering the UK HPV vaccination programme in its first year

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background In the United Kingdom (UK) in September 2008, school nurses began delivering the HPV immunisation programme for girls aged 12 and 13 years old. This study offers insights from school nurses' perspectives and experiences of delivering this new vaccination programme. Methods Thirty in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with school nurses working across the UK between September 2008 and May 2009. This time period covers the first year of the HPV vaccination programme in schools. School nurses were recruited via GP practices, the internet and posters targeted at school nurse practitioners. Results All the school nurses spoke of readying themselves for a deluge of phone calls from concerned parents, but found that in fact few parents telephoned to ask for more information or express their concerns about the HPV vaccine. Several school nurses mentioned a lack of planning by policy makers and stated that at its introduction they felt ill prepared. The impact on school nurses' workload was spoken about at length by all the school nurses. They believed that the programme had vastly increased their workload leading them to cut back on their core activities and the time they could dedicate to offering support to vulnerable pupils. Conclusion Overall the first year of the implementation of the HPV vaccination programme in the UK has exceeded school nurses' expectations and some of its success may be attributed to the school nurses' commitment to the programme. It is also the case that other factors, including positive newsprint media reporting that accompanied the introduction of the HPV vaccination programme may have played a role. Nevertheless, school nurses also believed that the programme had vastly increased their workload leading them to cut back on their core activities and as such they could no longer dedicate time to offer support to vulnerable pupils. This unintentional aspect of the programme may be worthy of further exploration. PMID:21864404

  5. Comprehensive School Reform Instructional Practices throughout a School Year: The Role of Subject Matter, Grade Level, and Time of Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Caroline H.; Good, Thomas L.; McCaslin, Mary

    2008-01-01

    Background/Context: The achievement effects of Comprehensive School Reform (CSR) programs have been studied through the use of input-output models, in which type of CSR program is the input and student achievement is the output. Although specific programs have been found to be more effective and evaluated more than others, teaching practices in…

  6. National Data on Participation in VET in Schools Programs & School-Based New Apprenticeships for the 2004 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (NJ1), 2005

    2005-01-01

    Early in 2005, the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs (MCEETYA) Taskforce on Transition from School collected data on vocational education and training (VET) in Schools from all States and Territories in the following areas: (1) number of students enrolled in VET in Schools programs; (2) industry coverage by…

  7. What Is the Status of High School Athletes 8 Years after Their Senior Year? Statistics in Brief. NCES 2005-303

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Deven; Scott, Leslie; Planty, Michael; Thompson, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    This Statistics in Brief examines the status of high school athletes 8 years after their senior year in high school. Using a representative sample of 10th-graders in 1990, who were seniors in 1992, from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), this Brief provides information on the 1990-1992 high school athletes' educational,…

  8. Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships and Academic Motivation within One School Year: Developmental Changes and Linkage

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Maulana, Ridwan; den Brok, Perry

    2012-01-01

    The present study explored the developmental changes of teacher-student interpersonal relationships as well as that of academic motivation among first-grade secondary school students. In addition, the link between teacher-student interpersonal behaviour and academic motivation across the school year was investigated. The data were collected 5…

  9. Personnel Needs in School Psychology: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study on Predicted Personnel Shortages

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Castillo, Jose M.; Curtis, Michael J.; Tan, Sim Yin

    2014-01-01

    Concerns regarding whether a sufficient supply of school psychologists exists have been evident for decades. Studies have predicted that school psychology would face a critical personnel shortage that would peak in 2010, but continue into the foreseeable future. The current study is a 10-year follow-up investigation based on previously published…

  10. Difficult Starts: Turbulence in the School Year and Its Impact on Urban Students' Achievement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiss, Christopher C.

    2001-01-01

    Examined how students' grades were affected by disruptions at the beginning of the school year. Data from student-parent interviews in a large urban district indicated that disruption was widespread in ninth grade. Students who experienced more turbulence received significantly lower grades. Significant levels of between-school differences in…

  11. Predictors of Success with Writing in the First Year of School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mackenzie, Noella; Hemmings, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Language and literacy skills are instrumental to success at school and early success with writing is a key factor in literacy development. By eight years of age, children spend up to half of their school day engaged in writing tasks suggesting that those who find learning to write difficult may be disadvantaged. The ability to hear and record…

  12. School Social Work Case Characteristics, Services, and Dispositions: Year One Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jonson-Reid, Melissa; Kontak, Dot; Citerman, Barbara; Essma, Angie; Fezzi, Nancy

    2004-01-01

    This article describes the results from the first year of a longitudinal study of a school social work caseload in a large midwestern school district. The purpose of the investigation was to examine the relationship among case characteristics, types of services provided, and case dispositions. Data were collected using a management information…

  13. The Consequences of School Desegregation in a Kansas Town 50 Years after "Brown"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patterson, Jean A.; Niles, Rae; Carlson, Cameron; Kelley, William L.

    2008-01-01

    This article examines the legacy of segregation and desegregation in the town of Parsons, Kansas. We argue that school desegregation, the goal of which was to increase access and equalize educational opportunities for African Americans, did not have that desired affect. Fifty years after the closing of the all-Black Douglass School, Parsons'…

  14. Minnesota School Readiness Year Two Study: Developmental Assessment at Kindergarten Entrance, Fall 2003

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota Department of Education, 2004

    2004-01-01

    A large and growing body of research supports the critical relationship between early childhood experiences and successful life-long outcomes. Assessing the readiness of children as they enter school is a high priority. This report describes findings from Year Two of the assessment of school readiness with a larger random sample of children…

  15. School year versus summer differences in child weight gain: A narrative review

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The causes of the current high prevalence of overweight and obesity among children are not clearly known. Schools have been implicated in the causal chain to high child obesity prevalence. Recent studies have compared school year versus summertime changes (herein called seasonal differences) in chil...

  16. The Unequal Effect of Adequate Yearly Progress: Evidence from School Visits

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Abigail B.; Clift, Jack W.

    2010-01-01

    The authors report insights, based on annual site visits to elementary and middle schools in three states from 2004 to 2006, into the incentive effect of the No Child Left Behind Act's requirement that increasing percentages of students make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in every public school. They develop a framework, drawing on the physics…

  17. Links to Learning and Sustainability: Year Three Report of the Pennsylvania High School Coaching Initiative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Diane; Reumann-Moore, Rebecca; Hugh, Roseann; Christman, Jolley Bruce; Riffer, Morgan

    2009-01-01

    Research for Action's third and final report completes a three-year evaluation study of the Pennsylvania High School Coaching Initiative (PAHSCI). This report presents lessons from the PAHSCI model of school-based instructional coaching and mentoring as a vehicle for job-embedded professional learning. Reporting from an analysis using qualitative…

  18. School-to-Careers: Report on the Year 4 Evaluation of Nevada's STC Implementation System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loesch-Griffin, Deborah; Rye, Alyssa

    This report is a summary of the evaluation of the Nevada School-to-Careers (STC) Year 4 (1999-2000) implementation and the extent to which implementation supported eight messages STC is intended to send. Results from three surveys are included: Quantitative Benchmark Survey, School Implementation Profile, and Student Exit Survey. All regional…

  19. A Public School Voucher Demonstration: The First Year at Alum Rock. Summary and Conclusions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weiler, Daniel; And Others

    Because it included only public schools and guaranteed both school survival and staff employment rights, the first year of the Alum Rock demonstration (1972-73), as sponsored by the Office of Economic Opportunity, was not a test of vouchers as defined in theory. The demonstration was known, therefore, as a "transition" voucher model, which would…

  20. Examining the Influence of Perceived Discrimination during African American Adolescents' Early Years of High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Aisha R.; Gregory, Anne

    2011-01-01

    Research has identified successful transitions from middle to high school as critical for students' academic success. Identifying risks and protective factors associated with challenge or success in the early years of high school is crucial, especially for African American students who are disproportionately represented in the ranks of adolescents…

  1. Does Year Round Schooling Affect the Outcome and Growth of California's API Scores?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Amery D.; Stone, Jake E.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examined whether year round schooling (YRS) in California had an effect upon the outcome and growth of schools' Academic Performance Index (API) scores. While many previous studies had examined the connection between YRS and academic achievement, most had lacked the statistical rigour required to provide reliable interpretations. As a…

  2. Motor Skills, Attention and Academic Achievements. An Intervention Study in School Years 1-3

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ericsson, Ingegerd

    2008-01-01

    The aim was to study effects of an extension of physical education and motor training on motor skills, attention and cognition during a period of three years. The study has two intervention groups (n = 152) that have physical activity and motor training one lesson every school day and one control group (n = 99) that has the school's ordinary…

  3. A Model At-Risk Program for Large School Districts: A Two Year Collaborative Effort.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarkees-Wircenski, Michelle; Wircenski, Jerry L.

    1991-01-01

    A two-year collaborative effort between the Texas Education Agency, the University of North Texas, and the Garland Independent School District developed a model at-risk program for large school districts. The program's two phases were developing a core group of personnel and conducting train the trainer activities. (JOW)

  4. A CTE Legacy Built on Chocolate: Milton Hershey School's 100 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kemmery, Robert

    2010-01-01

    One hundred years ago, Chocolate Magnate Milton S. Hershey and his wife Catherine signed the deed of trust creating the Hershey Industrial School in the heart of their Pennsylvania farming community. They had no children of their own and wanted to help orphan boys get a good education. The couple eventually left their entire fortune to the school.…

  5. A Year after Columbine: Public Looks to Parents More than Schools To Prevent Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, Washington, DC.

    An April 2000 telephone survey queried a nationwide sample of 1,000 adults, including 283 parents of children ages 5 to 17 years, concerning school violence and other issues in the news. The vast majority of those surveyed said they believe it is the responsibility of parents to ensure that school shootings, such as occurred at Columbine High…

  6. Trends of School Violence across Years: What Do TIMSS and TIMSS-R Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yu, Lei

    This study investigated how patterns of school violence change across years using data extracted from the school questionnaire in the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the TIMSS-Repeat (TIMSS-R). Violence was operationally defined as a continuum or hierarchy of physical and nonphysical aggression. The study found that…

  7. Gaps in College Readiness: ACT and SAT Differences by Ethnicity across 10 School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Donzel Wayne

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the college-readiness rates of Black, Hispanic, White, and Asian graduates of public secondary schools in Texas using archival data from the Texas Education Agency Academic Excellence Indicator System. Data examined were the average ACT and SAT scores for the past 10 school years (i.e., 2001-2002…

  8. Celebrating the International Year of Crystallography with a Wisconsin High School Crystal Growing Competition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guzei, Ilia A.

    2014-01-01

    In honor of the 2014 International Year of Crystallography, the first Wisconsin Crystal Growing Competition was successfully organized and conducted. High school students from 26 schools across the state competed for prizes by growing large crystals of CuSO[subscript4]·5(H[subscript2]O). This paper describes how the event was planned and carried…

  9. Job Entry Level Competencies of a One Year Barber School Graduate. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swerman, Richard A.; Wurtzel, Norbert K.

    To determine the competency level required of a one-year graduate from barber school and to obtain information that would enable vocational-technical schools to plan their curriculum to better meet student barber needs, a survey was conducted in Wisconsin of 629 barber shop managers, 75 journeymen, and 200 apprentices. Picked at random, these…

  10. Lessons Learned from a Four Year Case Study of Preparing Teachers for Inner-City Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stallings, Jane

    A 4-year case study was done of a partnership program between the Houston (Texas) Independent School District and Texas A&M University's College of Education (College Station) designed to prepare student teachers for work in inner-city public schools. The two institutions worked together through four collaborative decision-making councils to form…

  11. Project A+, Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools, 1991-92: The Second Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nichols, Todd; Frazer, Linda

    The Elementary Technology Demonstration Schools program, where four elementary schools were equipped with computer hardware and software, was made possible by grants from IBM and Apple, Inc. The goals of the program were, in 3 years, to reduce by 50% the number of students not in their age appropriate grade level and those students not achieving…

  12. Determining an Individual Student's Need for Extended School Year Services. Technical Assistance Paper.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Bureau of Instructional Support and Community Services.

    This paper provides assistance to Florida school districts regarding the development of their extended school year (ESY) policies and procedures for students with disabilities as required under the Individuals with Disabilities Education (IDEA) Act and Florida statutes. Following a brief section providing background information, 27 questions and…

  13. Effectiveness of a Two-Year Health-Related Physical Education Intervention in Elementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Verstraete, Stefanie; Cardon, Greet; De Clercq, Dirk; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

    2007-01-01

    The study aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of a 2-year health-related physical education intervention in a pretest-posttest design. Sixteen elementary schools (764 pupils, mean age: 11.2 plus or minus 0.7) participated in the study. Schools were randomly assigned to the intervention condition (n = 8) and the control condition (n = 8). Making…

  14. The Institution of Carlisle School: A Microcosm of 500 Years of Indian Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fine, Mike

    The history of the Carlisle Indian Boarding School is a microcosm of 500 years of Indian policy. Established through the efforts of career military man Richard Pratt in 1879, the school symbolized the emerging view of assimilation, an important change from earlier attempts at genocide and prior militant attitudes towards the Indians. Long…

  15. The Early Years: Embracing the Challenges. 1997 Early Years of Schooling Conference Proceedings (Melbourne, Australia, July 20-21, 1997).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Victoria Education Dept. (Australia).

    These conference proceedings comprise 19 papers and the plenary session presented at the Early Years Schooling Conference held in Melbourne, Australia. The plenary session was "A Developmental Approach to Teaching Young Children" conducted by Lilian Katz. The keynote addresses and breakout sessions were: (1) "Developmental Learning: How to Learn"…

  16. Psychiatry in Medicine: Five Years of Experience with an Innovative Required Fourth-Year Medical School Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halperin, Peter J.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The author reports on a required fourth-year course, Psychiatry in Medicine, which was started in 1999 at Stony Brook Medical School. The aim was to address two important concerns in medical education at Stony Brook and throughout the United States: 1) the failure to recognize psychiatric pathology in outpatient medical settings and 2)…

  17. An Evaluation of Semestering in Vancouver Secondary Schools during the 1970-71 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moodie, Allan G.

    During 1970-71 partial or full semester systems were in operation at different secondary schools. Principals, teachers, students, and parents from schools in each of three categories: partial semester plan, full semester plan with a static timetable schedule, and full semester plan with a rotating timetable schedule, were sent separate…

  18. School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2004-05

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Juszczak, Linda; Schlitt, John; Moore, Aisha

    2007-01-01

    The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care conducted the 2004-05 Census, the tenth count of school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986, to: (1) provide a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collect up-to-date data on demographics, staffing services, operations,…

  19. Montana Statewide Education Profile: K-12 Public Schools, School Year 1996-97.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielson, Dori B.; Lamson, Joe; Love, Catherine; Quinlan, Madalyn

    This is Montana's first education profile. The measures in the profile, and the information they contain, provide a clear picture of education in the state. Public school education is provided by more than 460 school districts in this, the U.S.'s fourth largest state in terms of land. With only a few large communities, more than two-thirds of the…

  20. School-Based Health Centers: National Census School Year 2007-08

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strozer, Jan; Juszczak, Linda; Ammerman, Adrienne

    2010-01-01

    The National Assembly on School-Based Health Care's (NASBHC) 2007-2008 Census is the 11th request for data from school-based health centers (SBHCs) since 1986. The Census: (1) provides a better understanding of the role of SBHCs in meeting the needs of underserved children and adolescents; (2) collects relevant trend data on demographics,…

  1. Bilingual Program In Auxiliary Services for High Schools; School Year 1975-76.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strum, Irene

    The bilingual program of the Auxiliary Services for High Schools (ASHS) provides an alternative educational system in New York for students who are bilingual or speak no English but do speak Spanish, French, Italian, Greek or Chinese. The program's primary purpose is to prepare pupils for the General Education High School Equivalency (HSE)…

  2. After-School and Beyond: A 15-Year History of TASC (The After-School Corporation)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fiester, Leila

    2014-01-01

    In 1998, George Soros and Herb Sturz seized an opportunity to significantly improve children's lives by founding The After-School Corporation (TASC). They believed that increasing the quality and availability of after-school programs, with the ultimate goal of changing public policy, could transform the potential for many New York City kids who…

  3. Using Microcomputers To Apply Statewide Standards for Schools and School Systems: Technological Changes over Five Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Yi-Cheng; Hebbler, Stephen W.

    The Evaluation and Assessment Laboratory at the University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa) has contracted with the Georgia Department of Education (GDOE) to develop a microcomputer-based data management system for use in applying evaluation standards to schools and school systems. The Comprehensive Evaluation System (CES) was implemented statewide and has…

  4. Promoting School Achievement among American Indian Students throughout the School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powers, Kristin

    2005-01-01

    American Indian students as a population are not achieving high academic standards. Yet school failure appears to be acquired rather than inherent at the onset of schooling. Many researchers have reported that American Indian children function at an average range academically until the 4th grade; but by 10th grade, however, they are, on average,…

  5. School Program Selection: Why Schools Worldwide Choose the International Baccalaureate Middle Years Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sperandio, Jill

    2010-01-01

    School improvement and reform efforts frequently involve the adoption of a new curriculum program. This article examines the factors that influence program selection when schools have freedom to choose as opposed to having programs mandated by district, state, or national education authorities. Survey and document analysis are used to examine the…

  6. Design of Value-Added Models for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools, 2010-2011 School Year. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isenberg, Eric; Hock, Heinrich

    2011-01-01

    This report presents the value-added models that will be used to measure school and teacher effectiveness in the District of Columbia Public Schools (DCPS) in the 2010-2011 school year. It updates the earlier technical report, "Measuring Value Added for IMPACT and TEAM in DC Public Schools." The earlier report described the methods used…

  7. Implementing a Highly Specified Curricular, Instructional, and Organizational School Design in a High-Poverty Urban Elementary School: Three Year Results. Report No. 20.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McHugh, Barbara; Stringfield, Sam

    This report provides background, implementation, and diverse outcome data from the first 3 years of an ongoing effort to implement a highly specified school reform design in a high-poverty, urban elementary school, Woodson Elementary School, Baltimore (Maryland). The design that is being implemented is the Calvert School model. The Calvert School…

  8. City-as-School High School National Diffusion Network Developer/Demonstrator Project End-of-Year-Report 1986-1987. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mei, Dolores M.; And Others

    City-as-School (CAS) is an alternative high school linking students to various out-of-school learning experiences throughout New York City. In 1985, the CAS was awarded a National Diffusion Network (NDN) four-year replication grant, given to exemplary programs to enable them to disseminate their model to other interested schools and districts…

  9. High School Chinese: Second Year Text, Vocabulary, and Character Lists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yen, Isabella Y.

    This second year volume of a 3-year course in Chinese includes a textbook, vocabulary, and character lists. A student workbook has also been designed (see FL 002 777 ). The text provided dialogues and practice in vocabulary, translation, questions, writing, and language patterns. Ideas for homework are also included. The book is divided into…

  10. Compulsory School In- and Outdoors-Implications for School Children's Physical Activity and Health during One Academic Year.

    PubMed

    Pagels, Peter; Raustorp, Anders; Guban, Peter; Fröberg, Andreas; Boldemann, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    Regulated school days entail less free-living physical activity (PA) and outdoor stay, which may jeopardize the opportunities for cohesive moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and, by extension, children's health. The role of outdoor stay during school time for pupils' free-living PA vs. physical education (PE) and indoor stay was studied during one academic year in 196 pupils aged 7-14 years at four schools in mid-southern Sweden during five consecutive days each in September, March, and May. Actigraph GT3X+ Activity monitors were used. Predictors for PA during school stay were expressed as mean daily accelerometer counts and were measured per season, day, grade, gender, weather, and time outdoors. Overall, free-living PA outdoors generated the highest mean accelerometer counts for moderate and vigorous PA. Outdoor PA and PE, representing 23.7% of the total school time contributed to 50.4% of total mean accelerometer counts, and were the greatest contributors to moderate and vigorous PA. Age and weather impacted PA, with less PA in inclement weather and among older pupils. More time outdoors, at all seasons, would favorably increase school children's chances of reaching recommended levels of PA. PMID:27420079

  11. Compulsory School In- and Outdoors—Implications for School Children’s Physical Activity and Health during One Academic Year

    PubMed Central

    Pagels, Peter; Raustorp, Anders; Guban, Peter; Fröberg, Andreas; Boldemann, Cecilia

    2016-01-01

    Regulated school days entail less free-living physical activity (PA) and outdoor stay, which may jeopardize the opportunities for cohesive moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and, by extension, children’s health. The role of outdoor stay during school time for pupils’ free-living PA vs. physical education (PE) and indoor stay was studied during one academic year in 196 pupils aged 7–14 years at four schools in mid-southern Sweden during five consecutive days each in September, March, and May. Actigraph GT3X+ Activity monitors were used. Predictors for PA during school stay were expressed as mean daily accelerometer counts and were measured per season, day, grade, gender, weather, and time outdoors. Overall, free-living PA outdoors generated the highest mean accelerometer counts for moderate and vigorous PA. Outdoor PA and PE, representing 23.7% of the total school time contributed to 50.4% of total mean accelerometer counts, and were the greatest contributors to moderate and vigorous PA. Age and weather impacted PA, with less PA in inclement weather and among older pupils. More time outdoors, at all seasons, would favorably increase school children’s chances of reaching recommended levels of PA. PMID:27420079

  12. Off to a Good Start: Launching the School Year. Excerpts from the Responsive Classroom Newsletter No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northeast Foundation for Children, Greenfield, MA.

    Comprised of excerpts from the Responsive Classroom Newsletter, this book details practices for use during the beginning of the elementary school year to build a foundation for a successful school year. Chapter 1, "The First Six Weeks of School: Building the Foundation for a Successful Year" (Ruth Charney and Marlynn Clayton) introduces the social…

  13. Evaluation of the School Breakfast Program Pilot Project: Findings from the First Year of Implementation. Nutrition Assistance Program Report Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Joan E.; Bernstein, Lawrence S.; Crepinsek, May Kay; Daft, Lynn M.; Murphy, J. Michael

    In 1998, Congress authorized implementation of a 3-year pilot breakfast program involving 4,300 students in elementary schools in 6 school districts representing a range of economic and demographic characteristics. The program began in the 2000-01 school year. This lengthy report presents the findings from the pilot's first year. The study had two…

  14. Nonmedical Use of Prescription Stimulants during College: Four-Year Trends in Exposure Opportunity, Use, Motives, and Sources

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garnier-Dykstra, Laura M.; Caldeira, Kimberly M.; Vincent, Kathryn B.; O'Grady, Kevin E.; Arria, Amelia M.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Examine trends in nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NPS), including motives, routes of administration, sources, cost, and risk factors. Participants: 1,253 college students. Methods: Data were collected annually during academic years 2004-2005 through 2008-2009. Generalized estimating equations analyses evaluated longitudinal…

  15. Reaching the Critical Mass: The Twenty Year Surge in High School Physics. Findings from the 2005 Nationwide Survey of High School Physics Teachers. AIP Report. Number R-442

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuschatz, Michael; McFarling, Mark; White, Susan

    2008-01-01

    This report traces the growth of high school physics in American school over the past twenty years. Highlights of the report include: (1) Enrollments in high school physics continue to grow; (2) Increase in number and proportion of physics teachers; (3) Number of students taking honors, advance placement or second-year physics course has nearly…

  16. Trimming the Fat in America's Schools: Where Are We One Year Following Implementation of Federally Mandated Local School Wellness Plans (LSWPs)?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curriculum Review, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This article presents the results of a survey by the School Nutrition Association (SNA) on the year-long adoption of wellness policies of 15,000 local schools nationwide. Released September 5, SNA's "From Cupcakes to Carrots: Local Wellness Policies One Year Later" was compiled from a survey of 976 school nutrition directors conducted in May 2007.…

  17. [School attendance of children with trisomy 21. A 4-year experiment].

    PubMed

    Stoll, C; Roth, M P

    1983-04-28

    Four years ago a class was started with 8 children from 7 to 11 years of age with Down's syndrome. The classroom is in a state school. The children lived at home. They were with the other children of the school for several classes and for lunch. Like other children they learned reading, writing and arithmetic. Psychomotricity was emphasized. The children's I.Q. and behavior were studied before entering the class. After 24 to 30 months every child was able to read and write. Their I.Q.'s were retested after 4 years and the results were far better than previously. The children gained confidence and began to cope very well at school and outside school. PMID:6306812

  18. Council of the Great City Schools High School Reform Survey, School Year 2006-2007. Urban Indicator. Spring 2009

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Council of the Great City Schools, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In response to a request by the Secondary Education Sub-Committee of its Achievement Task Force, the Council of the Great City Schools surveyed its membership in the fall of 2007 to gather information on a variety of high school reform issues. An electronic file of the survey was emailed to the curriculum directors in each member district in…

  19. Reflections of First-Year Teachers on School Culture: Questions, Hopes, and Challenges. New Directions for School Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Morgaen L., Ed.; Poon, Brian, Ed.

    1999-01-01

    This collection of papers presents the reflections of five beginning public school teachers from the greater Boston area on their first years in teaching. They share lessons garnered from teaching, writing, and reflecting together on their introductory experiences. As their first months in teaching passed, they found themselves working in some…

  20. From High School to the Future: The Challenge of Senior Year in Chicago Public Schools. Research Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roderick, Melissa; Coca, Vanessa; Moeller, Eliza; Kelley-Kemple, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    In a 2010 address to the College Board, U.S. Secretary of Education Arne Duncan laid out a vision for high school that advances the Obama administration's goal of the U.S. once again leading the world in educational attainment. There is no grade in which the magnitude and complexity of this shift becomes clearer than in senior year. Historically,…

  1. Effects of Type of Examiner, Sex, and Year in School on Self Report of Drug Use by High School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McClary, Sybil A.; Lubin, Bernard

    1985-01-01

    Manipulated three types of examiners and four types of data in order to study the examiner effect on self-reports of drug use by students (N=152). Analyses revealed that type of examiner, sex, and year in school had a significant three way interaction affecting self-reports of drug use. (Author/BH)

  2. Improving Low-Performing Schools: Lessons from Five Years of Studying School Restructuring Under No Child Left Behind

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Caitlin

    2009-01-01

    This report synthesizes findings from five years of state-level research and local case studies of school restructuring by the Center on Education Policy (CEP). The research reported here began in Michigan in the summer and fall of 2004 and gradually expanded to include five additional states--California, Georgia, Maryland, New York, and Ohio--as…

  3. Evaluation of an Interdisciplinary Model of Middle School Organization: Its Impact on Student Self Esteem and Basic Skill Achievement, School Year 1989-90. Focus on F. B. Leon Guerrero Middle School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shafer, Jeffrey E.

    Data collected during the 1989-90 school year reveal that middle schools in Guam exist in name only, with one notable exception. F. B. Leon Guerrero Middle School has implemented an interdisciplinary team model boasting many of the salient features of true middle schools. Leon Guerrero teachers rated the extent their school provided for students'…

  4. 10 Years of Media Literacy Education in K-12 Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daunic, Rhys

    2011-01-01

    When the author started working with teachers and students on classroom multimedia productions a little over 10 years ago, he had not yet encountered the term "media literacy", nor did he realize he had joined a long standing international movement of media literacy educators. Serendipitous exposure to "old-media" texts by Neil Postman and Noam…

  5. Comprehensive Education Plan. School Year 1977-78.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Office of Instruction.

    This comprehensive plan is presented within a context that includes the ccmpletion of a year-long awareness program on competency-based education (CBE), instructional goals that were revised and prioritized through a system-wide needs assessment, student population projections, and budgeting practices. The comprehensive plan is focused on the…

  6. High School Chinese: First Year Text, Vocabulary, and Character Lists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yen, Isabella Y.

    This first volume of a 3-year course in Chinese includes a textbook, vocabulary, and character lists. A workbook has been designed for the text (see FL 002 773). Each lesson is divided into sections involving such learning devices as pronunciation drills, pantomime, questions and answers, pattern practice, stories vocabulary, dictation, dialogues,…

  7. Sonne dysentery in day schools and nurseries: an eighteen-year study in Edmonton.

    PubMed

    Thomas, M E; Tillett, H E

    1973-09-01

    A study of Sonne dysentery infections in 19 primary and 11 secondary day-schools and 4 day-nurseries has been made over a period of 18 years in an urban area. Measures were taken throughout to try to prevent and control outbreaks. Sonne dysentery was not endemic in the school population and, even at times of high incidence, epidemics were localized within a few of the primary schools, usually in the spring or autumn terms. Incidence rates of Sonne dysentery were highest in primary schools with large infant departments and in nurseries. Secondary schools entirely escaped outbreaks.The co-operation of head teachers was engaged for all precautionary measures in schools. A policy of immediate exclusion of suspected and infected children was useful in preventing and controlling school epidemics of dysentery. Toilet hygiene was often poor in schools with outbreaks, and this was found to be a profitable field for applying control measures. Infected kitchen workers were only occasionally involved.Recommendations are given in the light of this study, and some reference is made to the more difficult problem posed by dysentery outbreaks in day-nurseries, where temporary closure may be the best policy. It is important that responsibility for infectious disease control in schools be clearly delineated in the reorganized health services of 1974. Teachers can play an important part in limiting infection. PMID:4518360

  8. The Effects of Implementing Change on a Middle School Culture a First Year Principal's Journey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gettemeier, Edward Robert

    2012-01-01

    This study is a first year principal's quest to transform the culture of Midwest Middle School (MMS). The study covers the 2009-2010 school year. The data from the 2008-2009 school year provided the baseline data for this study. Alarming results of a state survey regarding the culture of the medium sized suburban middle school caused concern.…

  9. The Roller-Coaster Years: Raising Your Child through the Maddening yet Magical Middle School Years. A Comprehensive Guide for Parents of 10- to 15-Year-Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Giannetti, Charlene C.; Sagarese, Margaret

    Intended for parents of 10- to 15-year-olds, this book is a guide to mastering the ups and downs of early adolescence. The book draws together the latest information from experts, supported and advised by the National Middle School Association, and insights from surveys of parents, teachers, and the children themselves to cover every facet of the…

  10. Finnish Parental Involvement Ethos, Health Support, Health Education Knowledge and Participation: Results from a 2-Year School Health Intervention

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sormunen, Marjorita; Tossavainen, Kerttu; Turunen, Hannele

    2013-01-01

    A 2-year, participatory action research school health study focused on developing components for home-school partnerships to support children's health learning process. Two intervention schools implemented strengthened health and collaboration-orientated activities; two control schools followed the national core curriculum without extracurricular…

  11. WWC Review of the Report "Evaluation of a Two-Year Middle-School Physical Education Intervention: M-SPAN"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    The study reviewed in this paper examined the effect of the "Middle School Physical Activity and Nutrition" ("M-SPAN)" intervention on the physical activity level of middle school students. For this 2-year study, 24 middle schools from six districts in southern California were stratified by school district and then randomly assigned to either…

  12. Detroit Lakes Public Schools (Detroit Lakes, Minnesota) Title IV, P.L. 92-318, End of Year Evaluation, 1977.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Detroit Lakes Public Schools, Minn.

    During the 1976-77 school year, the program's priorities were (1) to hire a Home School Coordinator to provide counseling services for the child and to be a liaison between the school and the home; (2) to hire Instructional Aides to work closely with the teacher providing any type of assistance which would make school easier and more enjoyable for…

  13. Teacher sense-making and policy implementation: A qualitative case study of a school system's reading initiative in science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quinn, John R.

    In response to the No Child Left Behind federal legislation and Maryland's Bridge to Excellence Act, a school district created a strategic plan that included a program initiative for improving student reading scores in secondary schools. The initiative involved the implementation of Reading Apprenticeship, a program that required content teachers to infuse reading instruction into their practice by modeling reading behaviors and utilizing tools designed to promote metacognitive conversations with their students. This qualitative case study used a cognitive perspective to explore the sense-making of a team of middle school science teachers who received training in and sought to implement the program in their instructional practice during the 2004--2005 school year. The findings revealed that policy implementation varied for the different members of the team and was adversely affected by conflict with other policies and resistance by students. At the same time, policy implementation was enhanced by participation in the communities of practice associated with the initiative. Implications from the study advocate that school districts actively engage in sense-making activities and support communities of practice that are established when new policy measures are introduced. The study calls for further research on how students receive policy and how they shape their teachers' sense-making. This study contributed to the sparse body of literature in this arena of policy implementation research.

  14. A Portfolio-Based Evaluation of Utah's Education Technology Initiative: 1990-1991 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mergendoller, John R.; And Others

    This report examines the impact of the Utah Educational Technology Initiative (ETI) on student performance and student access to computers during the initial year of implementation in the 1990-91 school year. Chapter 1 describes ETI goals, the goals of the evaluation report, the concept of portfolio analysis, and organization of the report. An…

  15. The First Year Out: Understanding American Teens after High School. Morality and Society Series

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clydesdale, Tim

    2007-01-01

    Wild parties, late nights, and lots of sex, drugs, and alcohol. Many assume these are the things that define an American teenager's first year after high school. But the reality is really quite different. As Tim Clydesdale reports in "The First Year Out", teenagers generally manage the increased responsibilities of everyday life immediately after…

  16. Start the School Year with Community Building and Testing-Prep

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Mike

    2010-01-01

    Testing throws off classroom schedules any time of year. It can be especially disruptive during the first weeks of school, when teachers are establishing ordinary classroom procedures and building a sense of classroom community. The relaxed, safe atmosphere that teachers seek to establish at the beginning of the year can be threatened by the…

  17. Teacher Education for the Middle Years of Schooling: Sustaining Quality Middle Level Preparation in Australian Universities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanks, Brenda; Dowden, Tony

    2015-01-01

    The middle years of schooling (Years 5-9) has emerged as a significant field of educational research in the last two decades but investigation of specialised approaches to middle level teacher education has received little attention. The rationale for specialised programs or units is that middle level teachers require specific preparation to be…

  18. Career Aspirations of Young Women in High School and in College: A Seven Year Longitudinal Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shmurak, Carole B.

    This paper reports on a longitudinal study with results drawn from 7 years of data on a group of young women (N=42), following them from the ninth grade through the third year of college. The purpose of the study was to trace development of the participants' thinking about school, career, and women's roles while also tracking their grades,…

  19. Teacher Behaviours Observed by Teacher Candidates throughout Their Primary and Secondary School Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Güven, Semra

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the positive/negative teacher behaviours which teacher candidates observed during their primary and secondary school years and the effects of these behaviours on themselves. The research was conducted in the spring term of 2012-2013 academic year with 88 teacher candidates (52 females and 36 males), studying…

  20. Entry-Year Administrator Induction: A State and Local School District Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Drury, William R.

    1988-01-01

    The Dayton (Ohio) City School District initiated a very successful pilot induction program for entry-year administrators in January 1987. Nine special workshops were planned to train both volunteer mentors and entry-year administrators in such areas as personal development, conflict management, problem identification and solution, time management,…

  1. First-Year Urban Mathematics and Science Middle School Teachers: Classroom Challenges and Reflective Solutions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Angela M.; Gningue, Serigne M.; Qian, Gaoyin

    2015-01-01

    This study explored the challenges facing 1st-year alternatively certified teachers of mathematics and science in urban middle schools. Four teachers, participants in a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded Robert Noyce Scholarship Program, were followed from preservice training through their 1st year of teaching, having taken part in…

  2. Profiles of School Readiness among Four-Year-Old Head Start Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halle, Tamara G.; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Wandner, Laura D.; Chien, Nina C.

    2012-01-01

    This study uses the Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) data from 1997 to investigate the degree to which child, family, classroom, teacher, and Head Start program characteristics are related to children's school readiness and continued development over the four-year-old Head Start year. Latent class analyses were used to examine the…

  3. The Catholic School under Scrutiny: Ten Years of Research in Italy (1998-2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malizia, Guglielmo; Cicatelli, Sergio

    2011-01-01

    This book delineates the evolution of the Study Centre for Catholic Schools (CSSC) in its first ten years of existence since its foundation in 1998 by the Italian Bishops' Conference. The volume is divided into three main sections. The first outlines the context and the activity of the CSSC during ten years: the role, the functions, the tasks and…

  4. Critical Literacy in the First Year of Primary School: Some Insights from Greek Cypriot Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ioannidou, Elena

    2015-01-01

    The current paper examines teaching practices in three first-grade primary classrooms (age range from five years and nine months old to six years and nine months old) in Greek Cypriot public schools, exploring whether the wider changes in critical literacy education declared on a policy level are influencing classroom literacy practices. Greek…

  5. College Credit Earned during High School: Reactions among Four-Year Institutions throughout Illinois.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Daniel T.

    A survey of the directors of admission at 12 public and 46 private four-year colleges in Illinois was conducted to determine: (1) whether college credit earned by a student during the senior year of high school was recognized; (2) the areas to which this credit was generally applied; and (3) the factors considered in a decision regarding the…

  6. Self-Esteem Changes in the Middle School Years: A Study of Ethnic and Gender Groups

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Sue K.; Kuhn, Jennifer; Rhodes, Jean

    2006-01-01

    The current study investigated how ethnicity and gender affect changes in the self-esteem of early adolescents during the middle school years. Self-report data were collected from more than 4,000 early adolescents from three ethnic groups: European American, African American, and Hispanic and analyzed using a consecutive three-year cross-sectional…

  7. Changes in Early Childhood: Public School Programs for 4-Year-Olds.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler, S. Dianne; Boals, Beverly M.

    Education programs for 4-year-olds may offer unique opportunities for the growth of services for young children. Currently, the role of state departments of education in preschool instruction is evolving; no single approach to public school programming for 4-year-olds exists. Approximately two-thirds of the 28 state and District of Columbia early…

  8. A Brief Screening Battery for Predicting School Achievement at Ages Seven and Nine Years.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedman, Robert; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The Beery-Butkenica Developmental Test and the Caldwell Test were the best predictors. Combining the academic performance with visual-motor integration results at age seven years yielded 89 percent accuracy of prediction at age nine years. The false-positive rate represents the problem of mislabeling children as school failures. (Author)

  9. Intensity of Participation in Organized Youth Activities during the High School Years: Longitudinal Associations with Adjustment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denault, Anne-Sophie; Poulin, Francois; Pedersen, Sara

    2009-01-01

    The goal of this study was to explore the longitudinal associations between youth activity participation and adjustment over the high school years by examining (a) correlations between participation and adjustment growth curves, and (b) bidirectional links between participation and adjustment from one year to the next. Participation was…

  10. A Study of the Mentoring Program for First Year School Superintendents in Missouri

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolsey, Tina

    2013-01-01

    Mentoring first-year superintendents in Missouri began as an informal process with the pairing of a veteran superintendent (mentor) with a first-year superintendent (protege) by the Missouri Association of School Administrators (MASA). The adoption of the Career Continuous Professional Certification by the Missouri State Board of Education…

  11. Corrective Mathematics Services for Eligible Nonpublic School Pupils; Evaluation Period School Year, 1975-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clawar, Stanley S.

    This paper describes and evaluates a corrective mathematics program designed to meet the needs of approximately 25,000 Title I eligible pupils attending non public schools. The major objectives of the program were to improve the mathematical competency of pupils in computation, concept development and problem solving. Approximately 10,000 pupils…

  12. An Investigation of Montana's Public High School Physics Program During the 1972-73 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickison, Alexander Kane

    It was the purpose of this study to determine the status of physics teaching in Montana secondary public schools in 1972-73. The results of the investigation were compared to earlier studies to determine the progress that had been made in physics since 1959. The study concentrated on teaching objectives and such external factors as enrollment in…

  13. Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2010-01-01

    This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England…

  14. Using Fuzzy Logic to Identify Schools Which May Be Misclassified by the No Child Left Behind Adequate Yearly Progress Policy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yates, Donald W.

    2009-01-01

    This investigation developed, tested, and prototyped a Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) that would assist decision makers in identifying schools that may have been misclassified by existing Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) methods. This prototype was then used to evaluate Louisiana elementary schools using published school data for Academic Year 2004. …

  15. Students' Use of Tutoring Services, by Adequate Yearly Progress Status of School. Statistics in Brief. NCES 2010-023

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warkentien, Siri; Grady, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    This Statistics in Brief contributes to current research by investigating the use of tutoring services among a nationally representative group of public school students enrolled in grades K-12. The report compares students in schools that have not made Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) for 3 or more years, and were thereby enrolled in schools that…

  16. Teacher Perceptions Regarding the Relationship of Modified Year-Round School Calendars with Student Achievement, Student Behavior, and Teacher Efficacy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huffman, George Eugene

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze demographic and school data, as well as data on the perceptions of teachers regarding the impact that a modified year-round school calendar has on student achievement, student behavior, and teacher efficacy. Prior research and literature examined the impact of year-round school calendars on student…

  17. Sustained Benefit Over Four-Year Follow-Up of Michigan’s Project Healthy Schools

    PubMed Central

    Corriveau, Nicole; Eagle, Taylor; Jiang, Qingmei; Rogers, Robert; Gurm, Roopa; Aaronson, Susan; Mitchell, Lindsey; DuRussel-Weston, Jean; Kline-Rogers, Eva; Eagle, Kim A.

    2015-01-01

    Objectives. We determined the sustainability of effects of a school-based intervention to improve health behaviors and cardiovascular risk factors among middle school children. Methods. We administered a questionnaire and health screenings to 5 schools in Ann Arbor and 2 schools in Ypsilanti, Michigan. We assessed demographics, physiological factors, diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors from 1126 students who received a health curriculum (Project Healthy Schools) in the fall of sixth grade in 2005, 2006, and 2007. We administered the questionnaire and screening again in the spring and each subsequent spring through ninth grade to all available, consenting students. Results. In the 4 years following the school-based intervention, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides improved, and for most years systolic and diastolic blood pressure improved. Serum glucose and body mass index did not change. Physical activity increased and sedentary behaviors diminished. Conclusions. Project Healthy Schools is associated with sustainable improvements in both cardiovascular parameters and healthy behaviors. PMID:26469650

  18. Fostering thinking through science in the early years of schooling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Venville, Grady; Adey, Philip; Larkin, Shirley; Robertson, Anne; Fulham, Hammersmith

    2003-11-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate and describe concrete examples of Year 1 students engaged in good thinking and to generate assertions about the ways teachers can foster habits of good thinking through science. The research design was a multiple case study of 32 lessons, of which four are analysed in detail in this paper. The results suggest that young children engaged in good thinking are likely to explain and demonstrate their ideas and actions and to make suggestions for solving problems. Children engaged in good thinking also are likely to highlight discrepancies, adopt new ideas, and work collaboratively. The results indicate that teachers can foster habits of good thinking through science; first, by accepting difficulty as an integral part of the learning process, second, by encouraging children to explain and talk about their ideas and, finally, by creating an environment where thinking is a valued classroom process.

  19. Preventing school vandalism and improving discipline: a three-year study.

    PubMed Central

    Mayer, G R; Butterworth, T; Nafpaktitis, M; Sulzer-Azaroff, B

    1983-01-01

    Vandalism is a major problem facing educators and taxpayers alike. The present investigation analyzed how vandalism costs and student disruption were related to the implementation of a training and consultation package designed to increase the reinforcing ambience of the school. A positive environment, it was posited, would displace previous events that may have set the occasion for vandalism, with cues to promote productive school performance. Eighteen elementary and junior high schools were involved over a 3-year period. Using a delayed treatment control design, treatment was delivered following either 4 or 13 months of baseline. During treatment, teams of school personnel attended training workshops in behavioral strategies for reducing vandalism and disruption by students in school. Each team also met regularly on its campus to plan and implement programs on a schoolwide basis. To demonstrate that reinforcing procedures were actually implemented and accompanied by change in student performance, these variables were periodically probed throughout the study. Project staff also provided consultation. Vandalism costs decreased significantly (p less than .05) more in treatment than control schools, with an average reduction of 78.5% for all project schools. Rates of praise delivered by project teachers and other randomly selected teachers in the school increased significantly (p less than .05), and rates of off-task behavior by students decreased significantly (p less than .05) following treatment. The staff development model used in this study appeared to be both feasible and economical. PMID:6654768

  20. Student Success in First-Year University Physics and Mathematics Courses: Does the high-school attended make a difference?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Adamuti-Trache, Maria; Bluman, George; Tiedje, Thomas

    2013-11-01

    This paper considers school factors that contribute to a successful transition from high school to first-year university Physics courses at the University of British Columbia by employing a two-level hierarchical model. It is assumed that there is a relationship between student performance and the high school they graduated from. It is shown that school location and type affect student performance: students from public schools in the Metro Vancouver area perform better in first year compared to students from independent schools and schools in distant communities. The study also considers rankings of schools based on student performance in first-year university Physics and Calculus courses. These university-based rankings differ significantly (essentially in reverse order) from the well-known Fraser Institute rankings based on measures internal to high schools.

  1. The early years of coeducation at the Yale University School of Medicine.

    PubMed Central

    Baserga, S. J.

    1980-01-01

    The Yale School of Medicine began accepting women as candidates for the degree of medicine in the fall of 1916. This decision was consistent with the trend in medical education at the time. While Yale was not the first prestigious Eastern medical school to admit women, joining Johns Hopkins (1893) and the University of Pennsylvania (1914), it was not one of the last. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons admitted women a year later, but Harvard Medical School held out until 1945. The years 1916--1920 saw the number of women enrolled in medical school almost double. Yale's decision to admit women seems to have been made with little resistance from the faculty. The final decision was made through the encouragement and financial help of Henry Farnam, a professor of economics at Yale, who agreed to pay for the women's bathrooms. His daughter, Louise, was in the first class of women. At graduation she was awarded the highest scholastic honors, the Campbell Gold Prize. From Yale she travelled to the Yale-sponsored medical school in Changsha, China, where she became the first female faculty member, a position she held for twelve years. The impressions of Ella Clay Wakeman Calhoun, the only woman to graduate in the second class of women, are presented here. Since 1916 the Yale School of Medicine has undergone extensive physical and philosophical changes, developments in which women have participated. PMID:6996342

  2. A two-year perspective: who may ease the burden of girls’ loneliness in school?

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Loneliness is negatively related to good health and wellbeing, especially among girls. There is little research, however, on factors that may ease the burdens of loneliness in the school setting. Thus, we explored the relationship between girls’ loneliness and later school wellbeing adjusted for other adversities. Furthermore, we assessed the significance of having someone whom the girl trusted by investigating possible modifying influences on the addressed association. Methods Altogether, 119 girls in grades 1–8 provided baseline data and answered the same set of questions two years later. Logistic regression models including perceived academic problems, victimisation by bullying, loneliness and trusted others were tested with bad versus good school wellbeing two years later as outcome using SPSS. Results In the multivariable analysis of loneliness, academic problems, and victimisation, loneliness was the only variable showing a strong and negative contribution to later school wellbeing. Next, demonstrated in separate models; the inclusion of having a trusted class advisor fully attenuated the association of loneliness with later school wellbeing. In contrast, other trusted teachers, trusted parents, or trusted students did not affect the association. Conclusions Loneliness in girls strongly predicted school wellbeing two years later. However, having a class advisor whom the girl trusted to contact in hurtful situations clearly reduced the burden of loneliness. This finding highlights the clinical importance of stability, long-lasting relations, and trust that main teachers may represent for lonely girls. PMID:24712912

  3. Dental School Vacant Budgeted Faculty Positions, Academic Years 2011-12 Through 2013-14.

    PubMed

    Wanchek, Tanya; Cook, Bryan J; Anderson, Eugene L; Duranleau, Lauren; Valachovic, Richard W

    2015-10-01

    The American Dental Education Association (ADEA) Survey of Dental School Faculty is conducted annually to provide an overview of the hiring and retention activity of U.S. dental school faculty. The survey collects data on the dental faculty workforce, including vacant budgeted positions by appointment and discipline, number of new and lost positions, sources of new hires, and reasons for faculty separations. This report highlights the results of three years of survey data, from the 2011-12 academic year through the 2013-14 academic year. After declining in previous years, the number of vacant faculty positions in U.S. dental schools has begun to increase, rising to 242 full-time and 55 part-time positions in 2013-14. Additionally, the number of schools having more than ten vacancies increased from five to 12. Although the number of vacancies has increased, the length of faculty searches that took more than one year declined from 25% to 16% in the same period. Retirements as a share of full-time faculty separations increased from 14% in 2008-09 to 31% in 2013-14. The current average retirement age of dental school faculty members is 69.7 years. The percentage of full-time faculty members leaving for the private sector remained constant over the last three years at approximately 16%. Full-time faculty members were more likely to be recruited from other dental schools, while part-time faculty members were more likely to come from the private sector. PMID:26702464

  4. Oral health status of 12-year-old school children in Khartoum state, the Sudan; a school-based survey

    PubMed Central

    Nurelhuda, Nazik Mostafa; Trovik, Tordis Agnete; Ali, Raouf Wahab; Ahmed, Mutaz Faisal

    2009-01-01

    Background Few studies have investigated the prevalence of dental caries among school children in the past decades in Sudan rendering it difficult to understand the status and pattern of oral health. Methods A school-based survey was conducted using stratified random cluster sampling in Khartoum state, Sudan. Data was collected through interviews and clinical examination by a single examiner. DMFT was measured according to WHO criteria. Gingival index (GI) of Loe & Silness and Plaque index (PI) of Silness & Loe were used. Results The mean DMFT for 12-year-olds was found to be 0.42 with a significant caries index (SiC) of 1.4. Private school attendees had significantly higher DMFT (0.57) when compared to public school attendees (0.4). The untreated caries prevalence was 30.5%. In multivariate analysis caries experience (DMFT > 0) was found to be significantly and directly associated with socioeconomic status. The mean GI for the six index teeth was found to be 1.05 (CI 1.03 – 1.07) and the mean PI was 1.30 (CI 1.22 – 1.38). Conclusion The prevalence of caries was found to be low. The school children with the higher socioeconomic status formed the high risk group. PMID:19527502

  5. Impact of school-based oral health education program on oral health of 12 and 15 years old school children

    PubMed Central

    Bhardwaj, Vinay Kumar; Sharma, Kapil Rajiv; Luthra, Rajeshwar Prasad; Jhingta, Pravesh; Sharma, Deepak; Justa, Ashish

    2013-01-01

    Background: Health education for the school age child is a specialized field within the broad discipline of education. Oral health education program are educational aspects of any curative, preventive and promotional health activity. Aim: The study has been undertaken to evaluate the impact of oral health education on the status of plaque, gingival health and dental caries among 12 and 15 years old children attending government school in Shimla city. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and seventy six school children participated in the study. The study was conducted over a period of 4 months from May 2010 to August 2010 in Government Senior Secondary School, Sanjauli. Plaque, gingival and caries status was assessed by using Silness and Loe plaque index, Loe and Silness gingival index and WHO modified DMFT index, respectively. Data was analyzed using the software SPSS version 15. Paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank sum test were used appropriately for statistical comparisons. P value ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Overall mean plaque score and gingival score decreased significantly after oral health education irrespective of gender. However, decrease in plaque score among 15 years old female children and gingival scores among 12 and 15 years old female subjects was not significant. Difference in mean caries status was statistically insignificant among all the subjects. Conclusion: Short term oral health education program may be useful in improving oral hygiene and gingival health. Coordinating efforts should be enhanced between school personnel, parents and health professionals to ensure long-term benefits of such program. PMID:24083283

  6. Mastery of Fundamental Movement Skills among 6-Year-Old Flemish Pre-School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vandaele, Bart; Cools, Wouter; de Decker, Steve; de Martelaer, Kristine

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess mastery of Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) in 6- to 6.5-year-old Flemish pre-school children. The subjects were 236 6-year-old children (138 boys, 98 girls; mean age 6 years 2.4 months, SD 2.4). Children were individually assessed with the Motoriktest fur Vier- bis Sechsjahrige Kinder (MOT 4-6) in four…

  7. School Nurses Race to the Top: The Pilot Year of How One District's School Nurses Revised Their Evaluation Process

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haffke, Louise Marie; Damm, Paula; Cross, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    During the 2013-2014 school year, the Shaker Heights, Ohio City school district was mandated to change its evaluation process as part of the Race to the Top initiative. Although not required by the federal or state Departments of Education, the Shaker Heights City school district tasked all members of their faculty and staff, including school…

  8. Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2010-11. First Look. NCES 2012-325

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keaton, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions in the 2010-11 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported…

  9. Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look. NCES 2011-345

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Chen-Su

    2011-01-01

    This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and the territories in the 2009-10 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by…

  10. Numbers and Types of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools From the Common Core of Data: School Year 2007-08. First Look. NCES 2010-305

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffman, Lee

    2009-01-01

    This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and the territories in the 2007-08 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. Appended are: (1) methodology and technical notes; and (2)…

  11. Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-309rev

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stillwell, Robert; Sable, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    This report presents the number of high school completers, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and the dropout data for grades 9-12 for public schools in school year 2009-10. State Education Agencies (SEAs) report annual counts of completers, dropouts, and enrollments to the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of…

  12. School Resegregation: Residential and School Process Study. A Collaborative Leadership Planning/Training Project, Third Year: 1978-79. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Georgia

    This report summarizes the work undertaken by the Berkeley Unified School District's (BUSD) project to define a collaborative leadership planning/training model to combat school resegregation. In 1972, four years after full desegregation, the BUSD experienced a marked shift in the school population and its distribution. In 1976, the BUSD committed…

  13. Report on the State/Territory Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act, School Year 1999-2000. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Karen; Sinclair, Beth

    The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) requires that each state or territory receiving federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) have a state law that requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) in the state or territory to expel from school for at least one year any student found bringing a firearm to school. (See Appendix…

  14. What Makes a Difference during the Last Two Years of High School: An Overview of Studies Based on High School and Beyond Data.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Herbert W.

    Variables that influence growth and change in educational outcomes in the last 2 years of high school were studied using data from the High School and Beyond (HSB) study. The HSB study provided a database of thousands of variables for about 30 students from each of 1,000 randomly selected high schools in the United States in their sophomore and…

  15. Public School Graduates and Dropouts from the Common Core of Data: School Year 2009-10. First Look (Provisional Data). NCES 2013-309

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stillwell, Robert; Sable, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    This report presents the number of high school completers, the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate (AFGR), and the dropout data for grades 9-12 for public schools in school year 2009-10. State Education Agencies (SEAs) report annual counts of completers, dropouts, and enrollments to the National Center for Education Statistics' (NCES) Common Core of…

  16. Report on the Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act in the States and Outlying Areas: School Year 2001-2002. Final Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray-Adams, Karen; Sinclair, Beth

    2004-01-01

    The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) requires that each state or outlying area receiving federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) have a law that requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) in the state or outlying area to expel from school for at least one year any student found bringing a firearm to school. Their…

  17. A School-Randomized Clinical Trial of an Integrated Social-Emotional Learning and Literacy Intervention: Impacts after 1 School Year

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Stephanie M.; Brown, Joshua L.; Hoglund, Wendy L. G.; Aber, J. Lawrence

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To report experimental impacts of a universal, integrated school-based intervention in social-emotional learning and literacy development on change over 1 school year in 3rd-grade children's social-emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes. Method: This study employed a school-randomized, experimental design and included 942…

  18. An Examination of Principal Leadership Styles and Their Influence on School Performance as Measured by Adequate Yearly Progress at Selected Title I Elementary Schools in South Carolina

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Tammy Faith

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine principal leadership styles and their influence on school performance as measured by adequate yearly progress at selected Title I schools in South Carolina. The main focus of the research study was to complete descriptive statistics on principal leadership styles in schools that met or did not meet adequate…

  19. Limited Effects of a 2-Year School-Based Physical Activity Intervention on Body Composition and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in 7-Year-Old Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Magnusson, Kristjan Thor; Hrafnkelsson, Hannes; Sigurgeirsson, Ingvar; Johannsson, Erlingur; Sveinsson, Thorarinn

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the effects of a 2-year cluster-randomized physical activity and dietary intervention program among 7-year-old (at baseline) elementary school participants on body composition and objectively measured cardiorespiratory fitness. Three pairs of schools were selected and matched, then randomly selected as either an…

  20. School Performance in Elementary, Middle, and High School: A Comparison of Children Based on HIPPY Participation during the Preschool Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Amber; Lee, Joohi

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the Home Improvement for Preschool Youngsters (HIPPY) program on school performance during the 3rd, 5th, 7th, and 9th grades. The study employed a quasi-experimental, post-hoc design using existing data on children who participated in the HIPPY program as 3-, 4-, or 5-year-olds, including:…